WorldWideScience

Sample records for subgrantees educational entities

  1. The Mobile Team of Parasitology-Mycology, a medical entity for educational purposes to serve sick patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desoubeaux, G; Simon, E G; Perrotin, D; Chandenier, J

    2014-06-01

    The Mobile Team of Parasitology-Mycology is a movable entity of the Parasitology-Mycology laboratory of Tours University Hospital, France. In contrast to the usual prerogatives of biomedical laboratories, the Mobile Team of Parasitology-Mycology is requested to intervene directly at bedside in various clinical departments, or even outside the hospital facility. Although its actions are of course primarily devoted to specialized diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, the Mobile Team also plays an important educational role in the medical training of undergraduate or graduate students. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Semantic Entities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Gysel, C.; de Rijke, M.; Worring, M.

    2015-01-01

    Entity retrieval has seen a lot of interest from the research community over the past decade. Ten years ago, the expertise retrieval task gained popularity in the research community during the TREC Enterprise Track [10]. It has remained relevant ever since, while broadening to social media, to

  3. A reflection on the relationship between technology and teacher education : synergy or separate entities?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Collis, Betty

    1994-01-01

    The basis of this paper is the observation, supported by various international surveys and discussions, that much of the 'education' teachers receive concerning the applications of computer-related technology has occurred not only apart from a direct relationship to research about information

  4. Programming Entity Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Julia

    2009-01-01

    Programming Entity Framework is a thorough introduction to Microsoft's new core framework for modeling and interacting with data in .NET applications. This highly-acclaimed book not only gives experienced developers a hands-on tour of the Entity Framework and explains its use in a variety of applications, it also provides a deep understanding of its architecture and APIs -- knowledge that will be extremely valuable as you shift to the Entity Framework version in .NET Framework 4.0 and Visual Studio 2010. From the Entity Data Model (EDM) and Object Services to EntityClient and the Metadata Work

  5. Formation of a New Entity to Support Effective Use of Technology in Medical Education: The Student Technology Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shenson, Jared Andrew; Adams, Ryan Christopher; Ahmed, S Toufeeq; Spickard, Anderson

    2015-09-17

    As technology in medical education expands from teaching tool to crucial component of curricular programming, new demands arise to innovate and optimize educational technology. While the expectations of today's digital native students are significant, their experience and unique insights breed new opportunities to involve them as stakeholders in tackling educational technology challenges. The objective of this paper is to present our experience with a novel medical student-led and faculty-supported technology committee that was developed at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine to harness students' valuable input in a comprehensive fashion. Key lessons learned through the initial successes and challenges of implementing our model are also discussed. A committee was established with cooperation of school administration, a faculty advisor with experience launching educational technologies, and a group of students passionate about this domain. Committee membership is sustained through annual selective recruitment of interested students. The committee serves 4 key functions: acting as liaisons between students and administration; advising development of institutional educational technologies; developing, piloting, and assessing new student-led educational technologies; and promoting biomedical and educational informatics within the school community. Participating students develop personally and professionally, contribute to program implementation, and extend the field's understanding by pursuing research initiatives. The institution benefits from rapid improvements to educational technologies that meet students' needs and enhance learning opportunities. Students and the institution also gain from fostering a campus culture of awareness and innovation in informatics and medical education. The committee's success hinges on member composition, school leadership buy-in, active involvement in institutional activities, and support for committee initiatives. Students

  6. Programming Drupal 7 entities

    CERN Document Server

    Michael, Sammy

    2013-01-01

    The book follows a standard tutorial-based approach to create, retrieve, update, and delete Drupal 7 entities, their properties and fields.Programming Drupal 7 Entities is perfect for intermediate or advanced developers new to Drupal entity development who are looking to get a good grounding in how to code using the new paradigm. It's assumed that you will have some experience in PHP development already, and being vaguely familiar with Drupal, GIT, and Drush will also help.

  7. Moving Hands, Moving Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setti, Annalisa; Borghi, Anna M.; Tessari, Alessia

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigated with a priming paradigm whether uni and bimanual actions presented as primes differently affected language processing. Animals' (self-moving entities) and plants' (not self-moving entities) names were used as targets. As prime we used grasping hands, presented both as static images and videos. The results showed an…

  8. Completing lists of entities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fissaha Adafre, S.; de Rijke, M.; Tjong Kim Sang, E.

    2009-01-01

    We consider the list completion task, an entity retrieval task where, in return to a topic statement and a number of example entities, systems have to return further examples. For this task, we propose and evaluate several algorithms. One of the core challenges is to overcome the very limited amount

  9. Programming Entity Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Julia

    2010-01-01

    Get a thorough introduction to ADO.NET Entity Framework 4 -- Microsoft's core framework for modeling and interacting with data in .NET applications. The second edition of this acclaimed guide provides a hands-on tour of the framework latest version in Visual Studio 2010 and .NET Framework 4. Not only will you learn how to use EF4 in a variety of applications, you'll also gain a deep understanding of its architecture and APIs. Written by Julia Lerman, the leading independent authority on the framework, Programming Entity Framework covers it all -- from the Entity Data Model and Object Service

  10. Named Entity Linking Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. F. Panteleev

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the tasks of processing text in natural language, Named Entity Linking (NEL represents the task to define and link some entity, which is found in the text, with some entity in the knowledge base (for example, Dbpedia. Currently, there is a diversity of approaches to solve this problem, but two main classes can be identified: graph-based approaches and machine learning-based ones. Graph and Machine Learning approaches-based algorithm is proposed accordingly to the stated assumptions about the interrelations of named entities in a sentence and in general.In the case of graph-based approaches, it is necessary to solve the problem of identifying an optimal set of the related entities according to some metric that characterizes the distance between these entities in a graph built on some knowledge base. Due to limitations in processing power, to solve this task directly is impossible. Therefore, its modification is proposed. Based on the algorithms of machine learning, an independent solution cannot be built due to small volumes of training datasets relevant to NEL task. However, their use can contribute to improving the quality of the algorithm. The adaptation of the Latent Dirichlet Allocation model is proposed in order to obtain a measure of the compatibility of attributes of various entities encountered in one context.The efficiency of the proposed algorithm was experimentally tested. A test dataset was independently generated. On its basis the performance of the model was compared using the proposed algorithm with the open source product DBpedia Spotlight, which solves the NEL problem.The mockup, based on the proposed algorithm, showed a low speed as compared to DBpedia Spotlight. However, the fact that it has shown higher accuracy, stipulates the prospects for work in this direction.The main directions of development were proposed in order to increase the accuracy of the system and its productivity.

  11. Mastering entity framework

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Rahul Rajat

    2015-01-01

    This book is for .NET developers who are developing data-driven applications using ADO.NET or other data access technologies. This book is going to give you everything you need to effectively develop and manage data-driven applications using Entity Framework.

  12. Entity resolution for uncertain data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ayat, N.; Akbarinia, R.; Afsarmanesh, H.; Valduriez, P.

    2012-01-01

    Entity resolution (ER), also known as duplicate detection or record matching, is the problem of identifying the tuples that represent the same real world entity. In this paper, we address the problem of ER for uncertain data, which we call ERUD. We propose two different approaches for the ERUD

  13. Service entity network virtualization architecture and model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Xue-Guang; Shou, Guo-Chu; Hu, Yi-Hong; Guo, Zhi-Gang

    2017-07-01

    Communication network can be treated as a complex network carrying a variety of services and service can be treated as a network composed of functional entities. There are growing interests in multiplex service entities where individual entity and link can be used for different services simultaneously. Entities and their relationships constitute a service entity network. In this paper, we introduced a service entity network virtualization architecture including service entity network hierarchical model, service entity network model, service implementation and deployment of service entity networks. Service entity network oriented multiplex planning model were also studied and many of these multiplex models were characterized by a significant multiplex of the links or entities in different service entity network. Service entity networks were mapped onto shared physical resources by dynamic resource allocation controller. The efficiency of the proposed architecture was illustrated in a simulation environment that allows for comparative performance evaluation. The results show that, compared to traditional networking architecture, this architecture has a better performance.

  14. Sterile pyuria: a forgotten entity

    OpenAIRE

    Goonewardene, Sanchia; Persad, Raj

    2015-01-01

    Sterile pyuria is a common entity. Yet there are no guidelines to address this issue. We have conducted a systematic review over 20 years and reviewed the results. Guidelines for assessment, diagnosis and management are developed based on these results.

  15. Sterile pyuria: a forgotten entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goonewardene, Sanchia; Persad, Raj

    2015-10-01

    Sterile pyuria is a common entity. Yet there are no guidelines to address this issue. We have conducted a systematic review over 20 years and reviewed the results. Guidelines for assessment, diagnosis and management are developed based on these results.

  16. Named Entity Recognition for IDEAL

    OpenAIRE

    Du, Qianzhou; Zhang, Xuan

    2015-01-01

    This project explored how to apply Named Entity Recognition to large Twitter and web page datasets to extract useful entities such as people, organization, location, and date. In addition, this NER utility has been scaled to the MapReduce framework on the Hadoop cluster. A schema and software allow this to be integrated with IDEAL. The term “Named Entity”, which was first introduced by Grishman and Sundheim, is widely used in Natural Language Processing (NLP). The researchers were focusing...

  17. 42 CFR 410.144 - Quality standards for deemed entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of continuing diabetes education concerning educational principles and behavior change strategies... dental care. (ix) Behavior change strategies, goal setting, risk factor reduction, and problem solving...-Management Training and Diabetes Outcome Measurements § 410.144 Quality standards for deemed entities. An...

  18. Programming Entity Framework Code First

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Julia

    2011-01-01

    Take advantage of the Code First data modeling approach in ADO.NET Entity Framework, and learn how to build and configure a model based on existing classes in your business domain. With this concise book, you'll work hands-on with examples to learn how Code First can create an in-memory model and database by default, and how you can exert more control over the model through further configuration. Code First provides an alternative to the database first and model first approaches to the Entity Data Model. Learn the benefits of defining your model with code, whether you're working with an exis

  19. Named entity normalization in user generated content

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jijkoun, V.; Khalid, M.A.; Marx, M.; de Rijke, M.

    2008-01-01

    Named entity recognition is important for semantically oriented retrieval tasks, such as question answering, entity retrieval, biomedical retrieval, trend detection, and event and entity tracking. In many of these tasks it is important to be able to accurately normalize the recognized entities,

  20. Entity ranking using Wikipedia as a pivot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaptein, R.; Serdyukov, P.; de Vries, A.; Kamps, J.; Huang, X.J.; Jones, G.; Koudas, N.; Wu, X.; Collins-Thompson, K.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the task of Entity Ranking on the Web. Searchers looking for entities are arguably better served by presenting a ranked list of entities directly, rather than a list of web pages with relevant but also potentially redundant information about these entities. Since

  1. A Calculus of Located Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Compagnoni

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available We define BioScapeL, a stochastic pi-calculus in 3D-space. A novel aspect of BioScapeL is that entities have programmable locations. The programmer can specify a particular location where to place an entity, or a location relative to the current location of the entity. The motivation for the extension comes from the need to describe the evolution of populations of biochemical species in space, while keeping a sufficiently high level description, so that phenomena like diffusion, collision, and confinement can remain part of the semantics of the calculus. Combined with the random diffusion movement inherited from BioScape, programmable locations allow us to capture the assemblies of configurations of polymers, oligomers, and complexes such as microtubules or actin filaments. Further new aspects of BioScapeL include random translation and scaling. Random translation is instrumental in describing the location of new entities relative to the old ones. For example, when a cell secretes a hydronium ion, the ion should be placed at a given distance from the originating cell, but in a random direction. Additionally, scaling allows us to capture at a high level events such as division and growth; for example, daughter cells after mitosis have half the size of the mother cell.

  2. SOCIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF BUSINESS ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Perevozova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at investigation of social effectiveness of business entities. Social aspect of business is becoming a necessary component of success, increase of profitability and competitiveness as well as minimization of risks. Social effectiveness is referred to as correspondence between economic activity and main social needs and aims of society, interests of the staff and interests of a certain person. Investigation of social effectiveness of business entities is suggested to analyze with the help of social factors. Social factors are characterized by variability of expectations, relations and interests of society, staff and individuals. We suggest generalized classification of factors which have an impact on social effectiveness of business, we single out external and internal factors. To external factors belong: income of the population, differentiation of population according to income, migration, level of salaries, level of legality of income of population, family status of  population, employment rate, age structure of population etc. As for internal factors we single out the following: low level of basic professional training, use of unskilled workers, absence of conditions for creativity, imperfection of system of motivation of professional growth, absence of specialized centers for certification training etc. Quantity and quality analysis of the above mentioned factors will enable to determine the level of social effectiveness of business entities. For analyses of degree of influence of factors on effectiveness we worked out a questionnaire of expert assessment which is represented in the form of assessment scale. We conducted a questionnaire and analyzed expert results and determined degree of influence of factors on social effectiveness of business. Assessment of level of social effectiveness of business entities was carried out by expert method of certain factor and was represented by a formula. The scale of assessment of

  3. HMM based Korean Named Entity Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Gyu Hwang

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a named entity recognition model for Korean Language. Named entity recognition is an essential and important process of Question Answering and Information Extraction system. This paper proposes a HMM based named entity recognition using compound word construction principles. In Korean, above 60% of NE (Named-Entity is a compound word. This compound word may be consisted of proper noun, common noun, or bound noun, etc. There is an intercontextual relationship among nouns which consists NE. NE and surrounding words of NE have a contextual relationship. For considering these relationships, we classified nouns into 4 word classes (Independent Entity, Constituent Entity, Adjacent Entity, Not an Entity. With this classification, our system gets contextual and lexical information by stochastic based machine leaning method from a NE labeled training data. Experimental result shows that this approach is better approach than rulebased in the Korean named-entity recognition.

  4. Compulsive buying: an overlooked entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basu, Bishnupriya; Basu, Saikat; Basu, Jharna

    2011-08-01

    Compulsive buying is an under-recognised entity among Indian psychiatrists. A Medline search, hand searching of journals and direct communications with lead investigators in compulsive buying have generated numerous studies. Overseas data indicate a community prevalence between 1% and 8% . The phenomenon can be an independent entity or appears as a comorbidity with another axis I or axis II disorder. A degree of suspicion on part of clinician regarding its possible presence is the key to its detection. A few rating instruments are available to quantify the morbidity and screening for compulsive buying. Management involves pharmacotherapy with SSRIs, psychotherapy, self-help groups and self-help books. Epidemiological and clinical studies on compulsive buying should be undertaken by Indian psychiatrists to provide better services for people suffering from compulsive buying.

  5. Categorizing entities by common role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldwater, Micah B; Markman, Arthur B

    2011-04-01

    Many categories group together entities that play a common role across situations. For example, guest and host refer to complementary roles in visiting situations and, thus, are role-governed categories (A. B. Markman & Stilwell, Journal of Experiment & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 13, 329-358, 2001). However, categorizing an entity by role is one of many possible classification strategies. This article examines factors that promote role-governed categorization over thematic-relation-based categorization (Lin & Murphy, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 3-28, 2001). In Experiments 1a and 1b, we demonstrate that the use of novel category labels facilitates role-governed categorization. In Experiments 2a and 2b, we demonstrate that analogical comparison facilitates role-governed categorization. In Experiments 1b and 2b, we show that these facilitatory factors induce a general sensitivity to role information, as opposed to only promoting role-governed categorization on an item-by-item basis.

  6. Entity Framework 41 Expert's Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Liles, Devlin

    2012-01-01

    This book takes a step-by-step problem solving approach that leads you through a problem and explains each step in detail to accomplish the goal. This books gives you concrete code examples as well as detailed information on the decisions involved. This book is for intermediate to advanced .NET developers who have used LINQ to SQL or Entity Framework in some form but want to have more control over the implementation.

  7. Electricity: An Underlying Entity in Matter and Life, A Sustaining ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 17; Issue 4. Darshana Jolts - Electricity: an Underlying Entity in Matter and Life, A Sustaining Principle in Modern Civilization. V V Raman. Reflections Volume 17 Issue 4 April 2012 pp 393-405 ...

  8. Relatedness-based Multi-Entity Summarization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunaratna, Kalpa; Yazdavar, Amir Hossein; Thirunarayan, Krishnaprasad; Sheth, Amit; Cheng, Gong

    2017-08-01

    Representing world knowledge in a machine processable format is important as entities and their descriptions have fueled tremendous growth in knowledge-rich information processing platforms, services, and systems. Prominent applications of knowledge graphs include search engines (e.g., Google Search and Microsoft Bing), email clients (e.g., Gmail), and intelligent personal assistants (e.g., Google Now, Amazon Echo, and Apple's Siri). In this paper, we present an approach that can summarize facts about a collection of entities by analyzing their relatedness in preference to summarizing each entity in isolation. Specifically, we generate informative entity summaries by selecting: (i) inter-entity facts that are similar and (ii) intra-entity facts that are important and diverse. We employ a constrained knapsack problem solving approach to efficiently compute entity summaries. We perform both qualitative and quantitative experiments and demonstrate that our approach yields promising results compared to two other stand-alone state-of-the-art entity summarization approaches.

  9. Qualified Entity Certification Program for Medicare Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — QECP welcomes any entities that would like to participate in, learn more about, or assess their capability to function as a qualified entity (QE) under section 10332...

  10. Neural Reranking for Named Entity Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Jie; Zhang, Yue; Dong, Fei

    2017-01-01

    We propose a neural reranking system for named entity recognition (NER). The basic idea is to leverage recurrent neural network models to learn sentence-level patterns that involve named entity mentions. In particular, given an output sentence produced by a baseline NER model, we replace all entity mentions, such as \\textit{Barack Obama}, into their entity types, such as \\textit{PER}. The resulting sentence patterns contain direct output information, yet is less sparse without specific named ...

  11. Fine-grained Dutch named entity recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Desmet, Bart; Hoste, Veronique

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the creation of a fine-grained named entity annotation scheme and corpus for Dutch, and experiments on automatic main type and subtype named entity recognition. We give an overview of existing named entity annotation schemes, and motivate our own, which describes six main types (persons, organizations, locations, products, events and miscellaneous named entities) and finer-grained information on subtypes and metonymic usage. This was applied to a one-million-word subset o...

  12. Entity Ranking using Wikipedia as a Pivot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Kaptein; P. Serdyukov; A.P. de Vries (Arjen); J. Kamps

    2010-01-01

    htmlabstractIn this paper we investigate the task of Entity Ranking on the Web. Searchers looking for entities are arguably better served by presenting a ranked list of entities directly, rather than a list of web pages with relevant but also potentially redundant information about

  13. Ranking related entities: components and analyses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bron, M.; Balog, K.; de Rijke, M.

    2010-01-01

    Related entity finding is the task of returning a ranked list of homepages of relevant entities of a specified type that need to engage in a given relationship with a given source entity. We propose a framework for addressing this task and perform a detailed analysis of four core components;

  14. 77 FR 56571 - Unincorporated Business Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... business entities (UBEs) organized under State law for certain business activities. For purposes of this... business entities, such as unincorporated business trusts, organized under State law. This rule does not... unincorporated business entities that are formally established and maintained through applicable State law, such...

  15. Painful constipation: a neglected entity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Bassotti

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Functional chronic constipation is a common symptom in daily clinical practice. Although the definition of constipation may be variable, there is usually agreement that (at least for research purposes the definition given by the Rome Committee are useful. However, some blind spots or hidden angles remain, even in the more thorough classifications; among these, there is painful constipation, a poorly defined yet clinically encountered entity. The present article reviews the current knowledge about painful constipation, trying to put together the scarce data available, and to frame it in the more general context of chronic constipation.

  16. Logical Entity Level Sentiment Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Niklas Christoffer; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2017-01-01

    We present a formal logical approach using a combinatory categorial grammar for entity level sentiment analysis that utilizes machine learning techniques for efficient syntactical tagging and performs a deep structural analysis of the syntactical properties of texts in order to yield precise...... results. The method should be seen as an alternative to pure machine learning methods for sentiment analysis, which are argued to have high difficulties in capturing long distance dependencies, and can be dependent on significant amount of domain specific training data. The results show that the method...

  17. MERA: Musical Entities Reconciliation Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Álvarez, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo pretendemos aportar una mejora para la tarea específica del reconocimiento de entradas equivalentes en fuentes de datos relacionadas con el mundo de la música. Para ello presentamos MERA (Musical Entities Reconciliation Architecture), la arquitectura de un sistema diseñado para encontrar vínculos de equivalencia entre distintos elementos que sin embargo hacen referencia a la misma realidad. MERA está diseñado para poder adaptar el proceso de reconciliación a la naturaleza de l...

  18. Maxillary Osteomyelitis: A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayaaz Habib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of the maxilla is now a rare event with the advent of antibiotics. The two predominant causes are odontogenic infections and sinusitis. Immunocompromised states such as diabetes, HIV, and malnutrition increase the risk of osteomyelitis. It is important to recognize this early as it is a difficult entity to treat with potentially serious consequences. We report an unusual case of right sided maxillary osteomyelitis in a lady with poorly controlled diabetes in rural Lincolnshire. Biopsy of the right maxillary bone showed features of acute osteomyelitis. This responded well to a prolonged course of oral antibiotics.

  19. Business Entity Selection: Why It Matters to Healthcare Practitioners. Part II--Corporations, Limited Liability Companies, and Professional Entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nithman, Robert W

    2015-01-01

    The Bureau of Labor statistics indicates only a 50% four-year survivability rate among businesses classified as "education and health services." Gaining knowledge of IRS business entities can result in cost savings, operational efficiency, reduced liability, and enhanced sustainability. Each entity has unique disadvantages, depending on size, diversity of ownership, desire to expand, and profitability. Business structures should be compatible with organizational mission or vision statements, services and products, and professional codes of ethics. Healthcare reform will require greater business acumen. We have an ethical duty to disseminate and acquire the knowledge to properly establish and manage healthcare practices to ensure sustainable services that protect and serve the community.

  20. LEGAL ENTITIES IN ROMANIAN PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berlingher Remus Daniel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Legal entities play an increasing role in international economic relations, as well as in political, cultural, social or human relations. Any legal entity is subject to the law of a certain country, as it can only exist or function on the basis of legal provisions. In this sense, the paper analyses the law applicable to the organic statute of a legal entity, the importance and criteria underlying the establishment of a legal entity’s nationality, the recognition of foreign legal entities in Romania, as well as the rights and obligations of foreign legal entities residing in our country.

  1. Collagenous Gastritis: A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faten Limaiem

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Collagenous gastritis is a rare entity of unknown etiology characterized histologically by the presence of a thick subepithelial collagen band associated with an inflammatory infiltrate of gastric mucosa. A 40-year-old male presented with a history of chronic intermittent abdominal pain for about 6 months. Physical examination was unremarkable, and biological tests were within normal range. The patient underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy which showed a nodular mucosa of the stomach. Biopsies of the duodenum and colon were unremarkable. However, biopsies of the gastric fundus revealed a mild chronic gastritis characterized by lymphocytic and plasma cell infiltration of deep mucosa, without lymphoid follicle formation or active inflammation. No microorganisms were identified on routine hematoxylin and eosin or Giemsa-stained sections. Subepithelial collagen in the gastric biopsies was thickened and showed entrapped capillaries. Subepithelial collagen was highlighted by Masson's trichrome staining and was negative for amyloid by Congo Red. In the areas containing thickened collagen, there were no intraepithelial lymphocytes. The final pathological diagnosis was collagenous gastritis. Collagenous gastritis is an extremely rare disease, but it is important to recognize its characteristic endoscopic and pathologic findings to make a correct diagnosis. Specific therapy for this rare entity has not yet been established. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2015; 3(2.000: 68-70

  2. Viruses: are they living entities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennazio, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    The essence (living or nonliving entities) of viruses has today become an aporia, i.e. a difficulty inherent in reasoning because they shared four fundamental characteristics with livings (multiplication, genetic information, mutation and evolution) without having the capacity to have an independent life. For much time, however, they were considered minuscule pathogenetic micro-organisms in observance of Koch and Pasteur's 'germ theory' albeit no microbiologist could show their existence except their filterability and pathogenetic action. Only some voices based on experimental results raised against this dogmatic view, in particular those of Beijerinck, Baur and Mrowka, without dipping effectively into the dominant theory. The discovery relative to their nucleoprotein nature made between 1934 and 1936 (Schlesinger as for the phage, and Bawden and co-operators as for Tobacco mosaic virus; TMV), together with the first demonstrations of their structures thanks to electron microscopy (from 1939 onwards) started on casting a new light on their true identity, which could be more clearly identified when, from 1955 onwards, phage and TMV proved to be decisive factors to understand the strategies of replication of the genetic material. Following the new knowledge, the theoretical view relative to viruses changed rather radically and the current view looks on these pathogenetic agents as nonliving aggregates of macromolecules provided with biological properties. There is, however, a current of thought, made explicitly by Lwoff that places viruses as compromise between living and non living and, perhaps, as primitive forms of life which have had great importance for the evolution of cellular life. At any rate, viruses are peculiar entities whose importance cannot be unacknowledged.

  3. Named Entity Resources - Overview and Outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Calzolari, Nicoletta; Choukri, Khalid; Declerck, Thierry; Grobelnik, Marko; Maegaard, Bente; Mariani, Joseph; Moreno, Asuncion; Odijk, Jan; Piperidis, Stelios; Ehrmann, Maud; Nouvel, Damien; Rosset, Sophie

    2016-01-01

    Recognition of real-world entities is crucial for most NLP applications. Since its introduction some twenty years ago, named entity processing has undergone a significant evolution with, among others, the definition of new tasks (e.g. entity linking) and the emergence of new types of data (e.g. speech transcriptions, micro-blogging). These pose certainly new challenges which affect not only methods and algorithms but especially linguistic resources. Where do we stand with respect to named ent...

  4. Robust Named Entity Recognition in Idiosyncratic Domains

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold, Sebastian; Gers, Felix A.; Kilias, Torsten; Löser, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Named entity recognition often fails in idiosyncratic domains. That causes a problem for depending tasks, such as entity linking and relation extraction. We propose a generic and robust approach for high-recall named entity recognition. Our approach is easy to train and offers strong generalization over diverse domain-specific language, such as news documents (e.g. Reuters) or biomedical text (e.g. Medline). Our approach is based on deep contextual sequence learning and utilizes stacked bidir...

  5. Entity resolution in the web of data

    CERN Document Server

    Christophides, Vassilis; Stefanidis, Kostas

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, several knowledge bases have been built to enable large-scale knowledge sharing, but also an entity-centric Web search, mixing both structured data and text querying. These knowledge bases offer machine-readable descriptions of real-world entities, e.g., persons, places, published on the Web as Linked Data. However, due to the different information extraction tools and curation policies employed by knowledge bases, multiple, complementary and sometimes conflicting descriptions of the same real-world entities may be provided. Entity resolution aims to identify different descrip

  6. [The nosological entity bulimia nerviosa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Ibor Aliño, J J; Cervera Enguix, S

    1991-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are at the present moment, two well defined clinical entities among the group of the eating disorders. The psychopathological differentiation of both syndromes has a great importance for diagnosis and therapy. The authors make a phenomenological description, based on case histories of patients with diagnostics of anorexia and bulimia nervosa, and try to establish an approach to the essential symptomatology of those disorders. The presence of affective symptomatology--depressive, but not exclusively--in the eating behaviour disorders in general and particularly in bulimia nervosa, is nowadays interpreted as an unspecific emotional lability as a response to stressing situations. That is to say, it is a secondary depressive symptomatology, more than a primary mood disorder preceding or underlying bulimia. There is strong evidence in favour of a dysregulation of serotonin metabolism in patients with bulimia nervosa, in the sense of a reduced activity, which manifest itself clinically by binges with food with a high content in carbohydrates. High levels of 5-HT seem to induce increasing feelings of safety, fullness and lead to an interruption of eating. Fluoxetine and this active metabolite are selective inhibitors of the reuptake of 5-HT and their antibulimic effect could be mediated by this mechanism.

  7. Penoscrotal porokeratosis: A distinct entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv Joshi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 26-year-old man presented with five months history of redness associated with itching and burning over the scrotum and shaft of the penis with a persistent rash on those sites. There had been no response to topical steroid and antifungal creams. Clinical examination revealed a large well-circumscribed erythematous plaque with a thready raised border with a tiny groove at its summit that involved almost two-thirds of the ventral part of the shaft of the penis. Ill-defined erythema with a granular surface was seen over the anterior scrotal skin. A 4 mm punch biopsy of the plaque on the penile shaft revealed multiple cornoid lamellae located adjacent to one another. The patient was treated with topical emollients. Follow up after four months revealed almost complete resolution of the plaque on the penile shaft. Penoscrotal porokeratosis appears to be a distinct entity in the family of porokeratotic diseases, described only in young males in their twenties with involvement of the penile shaft and anterior scrotum with severe burning and itching and histologically associated with multiple cornoid lamellae. It may represent an unusual epidermal porokeratotic reaction pattern and may be a self-resolving condition.

  8. Code-first development with Entity Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Barskiy, Sergey

    2015-01-01

    This book is intended for software developers with some prior experience with the Microsoft .NET framework who want to learn how to use Entity Framework. This book will get you up and running quickly, providing many examples that illustrate all the key concepts of Entity Framework.

  9. Resource description framework triples entity formations using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A method in formatting unstructured sentences from the source corpus to a specific knowledge representation such as RDF is needed. A method for RDF entity formations from a paragraph of text using statistical language model based on N-gram is introduced. The implementation of RDF entity formation is applied on ...

  10. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  11. Periocular xanthogranuloma: A forgotten entity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charalampos Papagoras

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Charalampos Papagoras1, George Kitsos2, Paraskevi V Voulgari1, Anastasia K Zikou3, Maria I Argyropoulou3, Aikaterini Zioga4, Alexandros A Drosos11Rheumatology Clinic, Department of Internal Medicine; 2Department of Ophthalmology; 3Department of Clinical Imaging and Radiology, 4Department of Pathology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GreeceAbstract: Periocular xanthogranulomatous diseases are a rare group of disorders which are characterized by a predilection to affect the orbit and ocular adnexa and special histopathological features, in particular infiltrates comprising non-Langerhans-derived foamy histiocytes and Touton giant cells. The differential diagnosis is difficult and occasionally definite diagnosis cannot be established even after clinical and histopathological findings are taken together. We describe a case of a middle-aged man who presented with a 10-year history of voluminous eyelid swelling with concomitant late-onset atopic manifestations, namely bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis with nasal polyps. After thorough clinical and laboratory investigation, including a biopsy of the eyelid, we classified the patient’s disease to a rare entity that has been relatively recently described: periocular xanthogranuloma associated with adult-onset asthma. In a review of the literature, no prospective trials concerning the treatment of this disease were found. The literature mainly contained case reports and case series in which corticosteroids and chemotherapy with alkylating agents have been reported to be beneficial. We treated our patient with a combination of oral corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide pulses and we observed substantial regression of the eyelid masses together with a normalization of systemic immunologic abnormalities.Keywords: periocular xanthogranuloma, adult-onset asthma, non-Langerhans histiocytoses, cyclophosphamide, methylprednisolone

  12. Named entity recognition in Slovene text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadej Štajner

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an approach and an implementation of a named entity extractor for Slovene language, based on a machine learning approach. It is designed as a supervised algorithm based on Conditional Random Fields and is trained on the ssj500k annotated corpus of Slovene. The corpus, which is available under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA licence, is annotated with morphosyntactic tags, as well as named entities for people, locations, organisations, and miscellaneous names. The paper discusses the influence of morphosyntactic tags, lexicons and conjunctions of features of neighbouring words. An important contribution of this investigation is that morphosyntactic tags benefit named entity extraction. Using all the best-performing features the recognizer reaches a precision of 74% and a recall of 72%, having stronger performance on personal and geographical named entities, followed by organizations, but performs poorly on the miscellaneous entities, since this class is very diverse and consequently difficult to predict. A major contribution of the paper is also showing the benefits of splitting the class of miscellaneous entities into organizations and other entities, which in turn improves performance even on personal and organizational names. The software, developed in this research is freely available under the Apache 2.0 licence at http://ailab.ijs.si/~tadej/slner.zip, while development versions are available at https://github.com/tadejs/slner.

  13. AN EFFICIENT SEGMENTATION ALGORITHM FOR ENTITY INTERACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Ch'ng

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The inventorying of biological diversity and studies in biocomplexity require the management of large electronic datasets of organisms. While species inventory has adopted structured electronic databases for some time, the computer modelling of the functional interactions between biological entities at all levels of life is still in the stage of development. One of the challenges for this type of modelling is the biotic interactions that occur between large datasets of entities represented as computer algorithms. In real-time simulation that models the biotic interactions of large population datasets, the use of computational processing time could be extensive. One way of increasing the efficiency of such simulation is to partition the landscape so that entities need only traverse its local space for entities that falls within the interaction proximity. This article presents an efficient segmentation algorithm for biotic interactions for research related to the modelling and simulation of biological systems.

  14. Filamentous Biological Entities Obtained from the Stratosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wainwright, Milton; Rose, Christopher E.; Baker, Alexander J.; Wickramasinghe, N. Chandra

    2013-03-01

    We previously reported the presence of large, non-filamentous, biological entities including a diatom fragment in the stratosphere at heights of between 22-27km. Here we report clear evidence for the presence of filamentous entities associated with a relatively large particle mass collected from the stratosphere. Although viable fungi have previously been isolated from the stratosphere, this is the first report of a filamentous microorganism being observed in situ on a stratospheric particle mass.

  15. Biomedical Named Entity Recognition: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Basel Alshaikhdeeb; Kamsuriah Ahmad

    2016-01-01

    Biomedical Named Entity Recognition (BNER) is the task of identifying biomedical instances such as chemical compounds, genes, proteins, viruses, disorders, DNAs and RNAs. The key challenge behind BNER lies on the methods that would be used for extracting such entities. Most of the methods used for BNER were relying on Supervised Machine Learning (SML) techniques. In SML techniques, the features play an essential role in terms of improving the effectiveness of the recognition process. Features...

  16. CAp 2017 challenge: Twitter Named Entity Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Lopez, Cédric; Partalas, Ioannis; Balikas, Georgios; Derbas, Nadia; Martin, Amélie; Reutenauer, Coralie; Segond, Frédérique; Amini, Massih-Reza

    2017-01-01

    The paper describes the CAp 2017 challenge. The challenge concerns the problem of Named Entity Recognition (NER) for tweets written in French. We first present the data preparation steps we followed for constructing the dataset released in the framework of the challenge. We begin by demonstrating why NER for tweets is a challenging problem especially when the number of entities increases. We detail the annotation process and the necessary decisions we made. We provide statistics on the inter-...

  17. MEASURING COMPETITIVENESS OF ECONOMIC ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNGIU-PUPĂZAN MARIANA CLAUDIA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A competitive structure of a national economy is influenced by the competitiveness of each of the actors made the national economy. In other words, to achieve competitive economic structure shall contribute all sectors of the national economy and hence all branches of the national economy, all organizations within each branch. Thus, the productive sectors of the economy contribute by increasing their competitiveness, GDP growth, added value, while other branches making a contribution through activity, increased quality of life (health, culture, social in training skilled labor (education to ensure effective functioning of the judiciary, protection of private property and citizen safety, lower crime rate (police, reducing the risk of political instability, increasing social cohesion, social disparities (richness and extreme poverty, and discrimination against women and minority groups. Human resources are probably the most important factor determining the competitiveness of an area. The ability of a country to move up the value chain is closely related to human resource capability. In understanding the competitive evaluation is important to assess not only in terms of education, improvement, skills and work experience, but also in terms of other attributes, more difficult to measure, as entrepreneurial relationships, creativity and risk tolerance. Secondly, we must accept that individual productivity is determined by external factors. Latent potential of the individual can develop when the person moves to another environment that provides better and more opportunities. Currently structural changes to remain competitive obtaining essential parameters of the Romanian economy to cope with competitive pressures of the single European market.

  18. Modeling discrete and continuous entities with fractions and decimals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapp, Monica; Bassok, Miriam; DeWolf, Melissa; Holyoak, Keith J

    2015-03-01

    When people use mathematics to model real-life situations, their use of mathematical expressions is often mediated by semantic alignment (Bassok, Chase, & Martin, 1998): The entities in a problem situation evoke semantic relations (e.g., tulips and vases evoke the functionally asymmetric "contain" relation), which people align with analogous mathematical relations (e.g., the noncommutative division operation, tulips/vases). Here we investigate the possibility that semantic alignment is also involved in the comprehension and use of rational numbers (fractions and decimals). A textbook analysis and results from two experiments revealed that both mathematic educators and college students tend to align the discreteness versus continuity of the entities in word problems (e.g., marbles vs. distance) with distinct symbolic representations of rational numbers--fractions versus decimals, respectively. In addition, fractions and decimals tend to be used with nonmetric units and metric units, respectively. We discuss the importance of the ontological distinction between continuous and discrete entities to mathematical cognition, the role of symbolic notations, and possible implications of our findings for the teaching of rational numbers. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved.

  19. METHODS OF EVALUATING THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF FORMATION OF CORPORATE ENTITIES IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Grishchenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary: One of the most important issues of improving the management of corporate entities in the food industry is a unified methodological approach to the assessment of economic efficiency. To further improve this methodology approaches evaluation of the efficiency of the creation and development of organizational systems, as well as experience the calculations of estimated figures. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the formation of corporate entities in the food industry should be carried out depending on the stage of the formation of corporate education, which leads to the allocation of the following stages: preliminary calculations, allowing to obtain projections at the stage of idea generation, validation and design of corporate education; calculation of performance indicators corporate education; clarifying the calculations performed on the stage of functioning of corporate education, allowing to take into account not only the main directions of effect due to the formation of corporate structures, but also new sources of savings associated with the possibility of obtaining a formed structure of the system benefits; determination the effectiveness of the organization management corporate education; calculating the integral of the coefficient of efficiency of corporate education. The technique of an estimation of efficiency of formation of corporate entities, subject to practical implementation for analytical purposes, a different set of metrics and indicators calculated differentially depending on the phase (phase corporate improvement that allows you to get an objective view of the intermediate output and outcome effectiveness of the formation of corporate entities in the food industry. The purpose of this technique is to identify the internal resources of improving the formation of corporate education and management. Users of this technique can be leaders and specialists of the corporate entities interested in an objective assessment of

  20. Ranking Entities in Networks via Lefschetz Duality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabrandt, Andreas; Hansen, Vagn Lundsgaard; Poulsen, Bjarne

    2014-01-01

    In the theory of communication it is essential that agents are able to exchange information. This fact is closely related to the study of connected spaces in topology. A communication network may be modelled as a topological space such that agents can communicate if and only if they belong...... then be ranked according to how essential their positions are in the network by considering the effect of their respective absences. Defining a ranking of a network which takes the individual position of each entity into account has the purpose of assigning different roles to the entities, e.g. agents...

  1. Xanthogranulomatous Prostatitis, a Rare Prostatic Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Noyola

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available There are several benign prostatic pathologies that can clinically mimic a prostate adenocarcinoma. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis is a benign inflammatory condition of the prostate and a rare entity. A 47-year old male, with 3 years of lower urinary tract symptoms, with a palpable hypogastric tumor, digital rectal examination: solid prostate, of approximately 60 g. Initial PSA was 0.90 ng/mL. He underwent surgical excision of the lower abdominal nodule and prostatectomy. Histopathology showed xanthogranulomatous prostatitis, without malignancy. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis is an extremely rare entity that can simulate prostate adenocarcinoma, therefore having a correct histopathological diagnosis is essential.

  2. Cross domains Arabic named entity recognition system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ahmari, S. Saad; Abdullatif Al-Johar, B.

    2016-07-01

    Named Entity Recognition (NER) plays an important role in many Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications such as; Information Extraction (IE), Question Answering (QA), Text Clustering, Text Summarization and Word Sense Disambiguation. This paper presents the development and implementation of domain independent system to recognize three types of Arabic named entities. The system works based on a set of domain independent grammar-rules along with Arabic part of speech tagger in addition to gazetteers and lists of trigger words. The experimental results shown, that the system performed as good as other systems with better results in some cases of cross-domains corpora.

  3. A generative language modeling approach for ranking entities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weerkamp, W.; Balog, K.; Meij, E.

    2009-01-01

    We describe our participation in the INEX 2008 Entity Ranking track. We develop a generative language modeling approach for the entity ranking and list completion tasks. Our framework comprises the following components: (i) entity and (ii) query language models, (iii) entity prior, (iv) the

  4. Awareness of Entities, Activities and Contexts in Ambient Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Bent Bruun

    2013-01-01

    Ambient systems are modeled by entities, activities and contexts, where entities exist in contexts and engage in activities. A context supports a dynamic collection of entities by services and offers awareness information about the entities. Activities also exist in contexts and model ongoing...

  5. 78 FR 31822 - Unincorporated Business Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... (System) institutions' use of unincorporated business entities (UBEs) organized under State law for certain business activities. A UBE includes limited partnerships (LPs), limited liability partnerships... 12 CFR Parts 604, 611, 612, 619, 620, 621, 622, 623, and 630 RIN 3052-AC65 Unincorporated Business...

  6. A Rare Entity: A Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2014-07-26

    Jul 26, 2014 ... 1. Melorheostosis: a rare entity: a case report. Abdelhakim Kherfani1, Hachem Mahjoub1,&. 1A Orthopedics adults surgery department, MT Kassab Institute, La Manouba, Tunisia. &Corresponding author: Hachem Mahjoub, Orthopedics adults surgery department, MT Kassab Institute, La Manouba, Tunisia.

  7. Using Wikipedia's category structure for entity search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaptein, R.; Kamps, J.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we investigate how the category structure of Wikipedia can be exploited for Entity Ranking. In the last decade, theWeb has not only grown in size, but also changed its character, due to collaborative content creation and an increasing amount of structure. Current Search Engines find

  8. Xanthogranulomatous Endometritis: An Unusual Pathological Entity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a well‑established histological entity characterized by xanthogranuloma which is composed of foamy histiocytes, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and variable number of foreign body giant cells. It is known to affect several organs, especially kidney, gall bladder, salivary glands, and bones.

  9. 13 CFR 130.200 - Eligible entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... or university; (3) A college or school of business, engineering, commerce or agriculture; (4) A... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligible entities. 130.200 Section 130.200 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT...

  10. 31 CFR 800.212 - Foreign entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Foreign entity. 800.212 Section 800.212 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND...

  11. Leiomyosarcoma of the Penis, an Exceptional Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Javier Romero Gonzalez

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In tumors of the penis, mesenchymal tumors are extremely rare and within them, sarcomas are exceptional. We report a patient with a sarcomatous lesion treated with conservative surgery with good surgical outcome and the review of the literature, to present the latest advances in the treatment of this unusual entity.

  12. Xanthogranulomatous endometritis: an unusual pathological entity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Xanthogranulomatous endometritis is an unusual pathological entity mimicking endometrial carcinoma. This shows sheets of foamy histiocytes alongwith other inflammatory cells. We, hereby, report a case of 45 year multigravida female with irregular menstrual history, clinically diagnosed as carcinoma and ...

  13. Xanthogranulomatous Endometritis: An Unusual Pathological Entity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Pathology, Adesh. Institute of Medical Sciences and. Research, Bathinda, India. E‑mail: drmanishamakkar@yahoo.co.in. Introduction. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a well‑established histological entity characterized by xanthogranuloma which is composed of foamy histiocytes, lymphocytes, plasma ...

  14. Graph Convolutional Networks for Named Entity Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Cetoli, A.; Bragaglia, S.; O'Harney, A. D.; Sloan, M.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the role of the dependency tree in a named entity recognizer upon using a set of GCN. We perform a comparison among different NER architectures and show that the grammar of a sentence positively influences the results. Experiments on the ontonotes dataset demonstrate consistent performance improvements, without requiring heavy feature engineering nor additional language-specific knowledge.

  15. 31 CFR 800.211 - Entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Entity. 800.211 Section 800.211 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY...

  16. Cross domains Arabic named entity recognition system

    KAUST Repository

    Al-Ahmari, S. Saad

    2016-07-11

    Named Entity Recognition (NER) plays an important role in many Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications such as; Information Extraction (IE), Question Answering (QA), Text Clustering, Text Summarization and Word Sense Disambiguation. This paper presents the development and implementation of domain independent system to recognize three types of Arabic named entities. The system works based on a set of domain independent grammar-rules along with Arabic part of speech tagger in addition to gazetteers and lists of trigger words. The experimental results shown, that the system performed as good as other systems with better results in some cases of cross-domains corpora. © (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

  17. Regulations in establishing and developing urban entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubić Slavoljub C.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The main topic of this work is to represent relatively new method of analyzing, planning and developing various projects in different architectural fields. The concept 'pattern' symbolizes a new view on objects and items that are already exist around us or those that will be created in the future. By explaining this concept, this work focus on describing 'pattern' as a new system or 'pattern language' that identifies foundation and development of unplanned cities. Every town or urban entity symbolizes 'pattern', but it is made from various 'patterns' as well. There are certain rules i.e. patterns that particular urban entities follow in order to establish themselves and 'pattern language' has been developed on that basis. The main purpose of this work is to emphasize this phenomenon and reveal the significance that 'patterns' have in urbanism development. Their understanding is of great importance so they can be implemented not only in theoretical but also in practical examination and analysis.

  18. Generic Entity Resolution in Relational Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidló, Csaba István

    Entity Resolution (ER) covers the problem of identifying distinct representations of real-world entities in heterogeneous databases. We consider the generic formulation of ER problems (GER) with exact outcome. In practice, input data usually resides in relational databases and can grow to huge volumes. Yet, typical solutions described in the literature employ standalone memory resident algorithms. In this paper we utilize facilities of standard, unmodified relational database management systems (RDBMS) to enhance the efficiency of GER algorithms. We study and revise the problem formulation, and propose practical and efficient algorithms optimized for RDBMS external memory processing. We outline a real-world scenario and demonstrate the advantage of algorithms by performing experiments on insurance customer data.

  19. Deep Active Learning for Named Entity Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Yanyao; Yun, Hyokun; Lipton, Zachary C.; Kronrod, Yakov; Anandkumar, Animashree

    2017-01-01

    Deep learning has yielded state-of-the-art performance on many natural language processing tasks including named entity recognition (NER). However, this typically requires large amounts of labeled data. In this work, we demonstrate that the amount of labeled training data can be drastically reduced when deep learning is combined with active learning. While active learning is sample-efficient, it can be computationally expensive since it requires iterative retraining. To speed this up, we intr...

  20. 48 CFR 952.226-71 - Utilization of Energy Policy Act target entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the following clause: Utilization of Energy Policy Act Target Entities (JUN 1996) (a) Definition. Energy Policy Act target groups, as used in this provision means: (1) An institution of higher education..., Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians, or any combination thereof; (2) Institutions of higher learning...

  1. Improving Named Entity Disambiguation by Iteratively Enhancing Certainty of Extraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habib, M. B.; Keulen, M. van

    2011-01-01

    Named entity extraction and disambiguation have received much attention in recent years. Typical fields addressing these topics are information retrieval, natural language processing, and semantic web. This paper addresses two problems with named entity extraction and disambiguation. First, almost

  2. Named Entity Extraction and Disambiguation from an Uncertainty Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habib, M. B.; Keulen, M. van

    2011-01-01

    Named entity extraction and disambiguation have received much attention in recent years. Typical fields addressing these topics are information retrieval, natural language processing, and semantic web. This work addresses two problems with named entity extraction and disambiguation. First, almost no

  3. Category-based query modeling for entity search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balog, K.; Bron, M.; de Rijke, M.

    2010-01-01

    Users often search for entities instead of documents and in this setting are willing to provide extra input, in addition to a query, such as category information and example entities. We propose a general probabilistic framework for entity search to evaluate and provide insight in the many ways of

  4. 76 FR 71867 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List; and Implementation of Entity List Annual Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... eleven Afghan entities; 0 (b) By revising under Canada, in alphabetical order, two Canadian entities; 0..., 2011. Kevin J. Wolf, Assistant Secretary for Export Administration. BILLING CODE 3510-33-P ...

  5. University 3.0 as a Corporate Entity of Knowledge Economy: Models and Missions

    OpenAIRE

    Karpov, Alexander O.

    2016-01-01

    The University 3.0 is established in higher education systems in developed countries, performing social missions of education, research, and knowledge commercialization. The purpose of the article is the study of the University 3.0 as a corporate entity of knowledge economy. For this purpose the author discloses the content its fundamental social and economic missions and models in the context of social reality and management policy; gives examples of scientific studies of the University 3.0 ...

  6. Pattern Mining for Named Entity Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Nouvel, Damien; Antoine, Jean-Yves; Friburger, Nathalie

    2014-01-01

    International audience; Many evaluation campaigns have shown that knowledge-based and data-driven approaches remain equally competitive for Named Entity Recognition. Our re-search team has developed CasEN, a symbolic system based on finite state tran-ducers, which achieved promising results during the Ester2 French-speaking eval-uation campaign. Despite these encouraging results, manually extending the cov-erage of such a hand-crafted system is a difficult task. In this paper, we present a no...

  7. Neural Architectures for Named Entity Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Lample, Guillaume; Ballesteros, Miguel; Subramanian, Sandeep; Kawakami, Kazuya; Dyer, Chris

    2016-01-01

    State-of-the-art named entity recognition systems/nrely heavily on hand-crafted features and/ndomain-specific knowledge in order to learn/neffectively from the small, supervised training/ncorpora that are available. In this paper, we/nintroduce two new neural architectures—one/nbased on bidirectional LSTMs and conditional/nrandom fields, and the other that constructs/nand labels segments using a transition-based/napproach inspired by shift-reduce parsers./nOur models rely on two sources of in...

  8. Automatic term list generation for entity tagging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandler, Ted; Schein, Andrew I; Ungar, Lyle H

    2006-03-15

    Many entity taggers and information extraction systems make use of lists of terms of entities such as people, places, genes or chemicals. These lists have traditionally been constructed manually. We show that distributional clustering methods which group words based on the contexts that they appear in, including neighboring words and syntactic relations extracted using a shallow parser, can be used to aid in the construction of term lists. Experiments on learning lists of terms and using them as part of a gene tagger on a corpus of abstracts from the scientific literature show that our automatically generated term lists significantly boost the precision of a state-of-the-art CRF-based gene tagger to a degree that is competitive with using hand curated lists and boosts recall to a degree that surpasses that of the hand-curated lists. Our results also show that these distributional clustering methods do not generate lists as helpful as those generated by supervised techniques, but that they can be used to complement supervised techniques so as to obtain better performance. The code used in this paper is available from http://www.cis.upenn.edu/datamining/software_dist/autoterm/

  9. CNN-based ranking for biomedical entity normalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haodi; Chen, Qingcai; Tang, Buzhou; Wang, Xiaolong; Xu, Hua; Wang, Baohua; Huang, Dong

    2017-10-03

    Most state-of-the-art biomedical entity normalization systems, such as rule-based systems, merely rely on morphological information of entity mentions, but rarely consider their semantic information. In this paper, we introduce a novel convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture that regards biomedical entity normalization as a ranking problem and benefits from semantic information of biomedical entities. The CNN-based ranking method first generates candidates using handcrafted rules, and then ranks the candidates according to their semantic information modeled by CNN as well as their morphological information. Experiments on two benchmark datasets for biomedical entity normalization show that our proposed CNN-based ranking method outperforms traditional rule-based method with state-of-the-art performance. We propose a CNN architecture that regards biomedical entity normalization as a ranking problem. Comparison results show that semantic information is beneficial to biomedical entity normalization and can be well combined with morphological information in our CNN architecture for further improvement.

  10. Eosinophilic Enterocolitis: An Exceedingly Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard José Lopes Azevedo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Eosinophilic enterocolitis is an exceptionally rare condition with few described cases in the literature, representing the least frequent manifestation of the wide spectrum of eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders. We describe a case of a young male patient presenting with a panmural form of the disease, manifested by abdominal pain, distention, and watery diarrhea with 4 days of evolution, bowel wall thickening, and ascites. Eosinophilic ascites is probably the most unusual presentation form of this entity. It poses a diagnostic challenge because of its nonspecific symptoms, associated with the absence of standardized histological criteria, hence requiring a high level of suspicion. There is also no consensus regarding treatment: it should be individualized according to the patient's age and severity of symptoms.

  11. Arabic medical entity tagging using distant learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Cotik

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A semantic tagger aiming to detect relevant entities in Arabic medical documents and tagging them with their appropriate semantic class is presented. The system takes profit of a Multilingual Framework covering four languages (Arabic, English, French, and Spanish, in a way that resources available for each language can be used to improve the results of the others, this is specially important for less resourced languages as Arabic. The approach has been evaluated against Wikipedia pages of the four languages belonging to the medical domain. The core of the system is the definition of a base tagset consisting of the three most represented classes in SNOMED-CT taxonomy and the learning of a binary classifier for each semantic category in the tagset and each language, using a distant learning approach over three widely used knowledge resources, namely Wikipedia, Dbpedia, and SNOMED-CT.

  12. Primary gingival tuberculosis: A rare clinical entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geeti Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis is a specific granulomatous infectious disease and a major cause of death in developing countries. Primary gingival tuberculosis is extremely rare and forgotten entity. Oral lesions usually appear as secondary to primary tuberculosis infection elsewhere. The lesion may take the form of nodules, ulcers, or elevated fissures. We report a case of primary tuberculosis of gingiva, manifesting as gingival enlargement with ulceration and discharge. Diagnosis was based on histopathologic examination, complete blood count, chest X-ray, and immunologic investigations with detection of antibodies against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. With the recent increase in the incidence of tuberculosis, this case report also emphasizes the need for clinicians to be aware of this possibility, consider tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis of gingival enlargement, and thus, play a role in the early detection of this disease.

  13. Entity Resolution Workflow Installation Process and User Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    with an entity extractor called English Information Extractor (ENIE) developed by City University of New York’s (CUNY) BLENDER lab‡. The user is not...CUNY BLENDER . http://nlp.cs.qc.cuny.edu/ (accessed June 2013). 2 alternate entity extractor. Another entity extractor called A Nearly-New...is now installed and ready to use. Please see the section 6 to learn how to use the ERW Web application. 6. ERW Web Application User Guide The ERW

  14. Discrimination of legal entities: Phenomenological characteristics and legal protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrušić Nevena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Their social nature encourages people to associate and jointly achieve the goals that they would not be able to achieve individually. Legal entities are created as one of the legal modalities of that association, as separate entities that have their own legal personality independent of the subjectivity of their members. Legal entities are holders of some human rights, depending on the nature of the right, including the right to non-discrimination. All mechanisms envisaged for legal protection against discrimination in the national legislation are available to legal persons. On the other hand, the situation is quite different in terms of access to international forums competent to deal with cases of discrimination. Legal entities do not have access to some international forums, while they may have access to others under the same conditions prescribed for natural persons. Legal entities may be exposed to various forms of direct and indirect discrimination both in the private and in the public sphere of social relations. Phenomenological characteristics of discrimination against legal persons are not substantially different from discrimination against individuals. There are no significant differences regarding the application of discrimination test in cases of discrimination of legal entities as compared to the use of this test in cases involving discrimination of natural persons or groups of persons. Legal entities may be discriminated against on the basis of characteristics of their legal personality, such as those which are objective elements of the legal entity and part of its legal identity. Discrimination of legal entities may be based on personal characteristics of its members (i.e. people who make a personal essence of a legal entity because their characteristics can be 'transferred' to the legal entity and become part of its identity. Legal entities should also be protected from this special form of transferred (associative discrimination.

  15. Context and Domain Knowledge Enhanced Entity Spotting in Informal Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruhl, Daniel; Nagarajan, Meena; Pieper, Jan; Robson, Christine; Sheth, Amit

    This paper explores the application of restricted relationship graphs (RDF) and statistical NLP techniques to improve named entity annotation in challenging Informal English domains. We validate our approach using on-line forums discussing popular music. Named entity annotation is particularly difficult in this domain because it is characterized by a large number of ambiguous entities, such as the Madonna album "Music" or Lilly Allen's pop hit "Smile".

  16. Entity Recognition Via Multimodal Sensor Fusion With Smart Phones

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    being measured by the smart phone sensors. The American Heritage College Dictionary defines entity to be ”the ex- istence of something considered...ENTITY RECOGNITION VIA MULTIMODAL SENSOR FUSION WITH SMART PHONES THESIS John E. Nagy, Capt, USAF AFIT-ENG-MS-15-M-023 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE...subject to copyright protection in the United States. AFIT-ENG-MS-15-M-023 ENTITY RECOGNITION VIA MULTIMODAL SENSOR FUSION WITH SMART PHONES THESIS

  17. WCF multi-layer services development with Entity framework

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Mike

    2014-01-01

    If you are a C#, VB.NET, or C++ developer and want to get started with WCF and Entity Framework, then this book is for you. Competence in Entity Framework will be needed to follow the examples in the book, but experience in creating WCF services using Entity Framework is not necessary. Developers and architects evaluating SOA implementation technologies for their company will find this book useful.

  18. System for Award Management (SAM) Public Extract - Entity Registration

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — This dataset contains the information available under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) for those entities registered to do business with the Federal government...

  19. Building entity models through observation and learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Richard; Kania, Robert; Fields, MaryAnne; Barnes, Laura

    2011-05-01

    To support the missions and tasks of mixed robotic/human teams, future robotic systems will need to adapt to the dynamic behavior of both teammates and opponents. One of the basic elements of this adaptation is the ability to exploit both long and short-term temporal data. This adaptation allows robotic systems to predict/anticipate, as well as influence, future behavior for both opponents and teammates and will afford the system the ability to adjust its own behavior in order to optimize its ability to achieve the mission goals. This work is a preliminary step in the effort to develop online entity behavior models through a combination of learning techniques and observations. As knowledge is extracted from the system through sensor and temporal feedback, agents within the multi-agent system attempt to develop and exploit a basic movement model of an opponent. For the purpose of this work, extraction and exploitation is performed through the use of a discretized two-dimensional game. The game consists of a predetermined number of sentries attempting to keep an unknown intruder agent from penetrating their territory. The sentries utilize temporal data coupled with past opponent observations to hypothesize the probable locations of the opponent and thus optimize their guarding locations.

  20. Inflammatory breast carcinoma: pathological or clinical entity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amparo, R S; Angel, C D; Ana, L H; Antonio, L C; Vicente, M S; Carlos, F M; Vicente, G P

    2000-12-01

    Inflammatory breast carcinoma (IBC) diagnosis is usually based in the presence of typical clinical symptoms (redness and edema in more than 2/3 of the breast), which are not always associated with pathologic characteristics (subdermal lymphatics involvement). Whether exclusively pathologic findings without clinical symptoms are sufficient for IBC diagnosis remains controversial. A retrospective analysis of 163 clinically diagnosed IBC (CIC) either with dermal lymphatics invasion or not, was compared with another group of 99 patients with dermal lymphatics invasion without clinical symptoms (occult inflammatory carcinoma) (OIC). The following clinical and pathological characteristics have been analyzed and compared: age, menopausal status, clinical axillar node involvement, symptoms duration before diagnosis, grade, estrogen receptors, presence of metastases at diagnosis, local recurrence, metastasic dissemination, disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Median age was younger in CIC (52.3 vs. 63.8 years; p metastases (7.4% vs. 1%; p = 0.02) was significantly more frequent in CIC. Negative estrogen receptors were more frequent in CIC (34.9% vs. 65.1%: p < 0.004). Five-years DFS (25.6 vs. 51.6%; p < 0.0001) and OS (28.6 vs. 40%; p < 0.05) were shorter in CIC. CIC (regardless of subdermal lymphatics involvement) must be clearly differentiated from OIC. Prognosis of CIC patients is poorer, so this two entities should be clearly differentiated when therepeutic results are reported.

  1. The application of quality management (TQM to enhance the competitiveness of agricultural entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Kristić

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years quality management has become a new management segment and the most important factor in the market survival as well as in the growth and the development of business entities in most European and other countries worldwide. In order to determine characteristics of an efficient quality management system in agricultural entities and their impact on financial, economic and business performance and competitiveness, primary research was carried out on a sample of 248 respondents, i.e. the representatives of Croatian agricultural entities. The results of the research indicate there is a statistically significant relationship between a high level of TQM application and the horizontal and flexible organization structure, defined mission and vision, systematic observation of changes in the market, stable top management support, employee empowerment and their involvement in quality management activities, creating business environment that supports employee initiatives, education and training, measurable quality objectives, clear understanding of quality concept, business process evaluation and improvement, by using a proactive approach, and finally, orientation towards consumers. The study has found that TQM improves the financial, economic and business performance, i.e. increases market share, price competitiveness, competitive advantage, total sales, the introduction of new products, profitability, input use efficiency, exports, as well as employee and consumer satisfaction. Cost reduction is another advantage. Understanding the role of TQM is essential for gaining competitive advantage, which agricultural entities can achieve only through the synergy of all these elements.

  2. 78 FR 45051 - Unincorporated Business Entities; Effective Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... institutions' use of unincorporated business entities organized under State law for certain business activities... business entities (UBEs) organized under State law for certain business activities. A UBE includes limited... business trusts, organized under State law. The final rule does not apply to UBEs that one or more System...

  3. When Depression Mediates the Relationship between Entity Beliefs and Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Da Fonseca, David; Cury, Francois; Santos, Andreia; Payen, Vincent; Bounoua, Lenda; Brisswalter, Jeannick; Rufo, Marcel; Poinso, Francois; Deruelle, Christine

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether depression can explain the negative relationship between academic performance and the belief that intelligence is a fixed trait, i.e., entity belief. A sample of 353 French volunteer adolescents (age 11-16) completed questionnaires assessing entity theory and depressive symptoms (Children Depression…

  4. A generic open world named entity disambiguation approach for tweets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habib, Mena Badieh; van Keulen, Maurice

    Social media is a rich source of information. To make use of this information, it is sometimes required to extract and disambiguate named entities. In this paper we focus on named entity disambiguation (NED) in twitter messages. NED in tweets is challenging in two ways. First, the limited length of

  5. 77 FR 60948 - Stress Testing of Regulated Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... help it to assess capital adequacy under various scenarios at the regulated entities. Section 165(i)(2... the potential impact of different scenarios on their consolidated earnings and capital, and other..., forward-looking information that will help them to assess capital adequacy at the regulated entities under...

  6. 43 CFR 426.8 - Nonresident aliens and foreign entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nonresident aliens and foreign entities..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACREAGE LIMITATION RULES AND REGULATIONS § 426.8 Nonresident aliens and foreign... reclamation law or these regulations, a nonresident alien or foreign entity that directly holds land in a...

  7. Named entity recognition in a South African context

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Waal, AJ

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Named Entity Recognition (NER) is the process of identifying occurrences of words or expressions as belonging to a particular category of a Named Entity (NE).The aim of the project was to test the feasibility of a probabilistic NER system using...

  8. Landmarks in motion : Unstable entities in route directions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baltaretu, Adriana-Alexandra; Krahmer, Emiel; Maes, Alfons; Noelle, D.C.; Dale, R.; Warlaumont, A.S.; Yoshimi, J.; Matlock, T.; Jennings, C.D.; Maglio, P.P.

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, we investigate if speakers refer to moving entities in route directions (RDs). On the one hand, there is a general agreement that landmarks are perceptually salient and stable objects. On the other hand, animated movement attracts visual attention, making entities intrinsically

  9. How Well can We Learn Interpretable Entity Types from Text?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hovy, Dirk

    2014-01-01

    We investigate a largely unsupervised approach to learning interpretable, domain-specific entity types from unlabeled text. It assumes that any common noun in a domain can function as potential entity type, and uses those nouns as hidden variables in a HMM. To constrain training, it extracts co-o...... an informed baseline, reducing the error rate by 56%....

  10. Combining Document-and Paragraph-Based Entity Ranking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rode, H.; Serdyukov, Pavel; Hiemstra, Djoerd

    2008-01-01

    We study entity ranking on the INEX entity track and pro- pose a simple graph-based ranking approach that enables to combine scores on document and paragraph level. The com- bined approach improves the retrieval results not only on the INEX testset, but similarly on TREC’s expert finding task.

  11. 14 CFR Sec. 1-6 - Accounting entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accounting entities. Sec. 1-6 Section 1-6... REGULATIONS UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS AND REPORTS FOR LARGE CERTIFICATED AIR CARRIERS General Accounting Provisions Sec. 1-6 Accounting entities. (a) Separate accounting records shall be maintained for each air...

  12. 7 CFR 25.401 - Responsibility of lead managing entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Responsibility of lead managing entity. 25.401 Section... COMMUNITIES Post-Designation Requirements § 25.401 Responsibility of lead managing entity. (a) Financial. The... fiscal management of the funds of the Empowerment Zone or Enterprise Community. (b) Reporting. The lead...

  13. 42 CFR 438.808 - Exclusion of entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exclusion of entities. 438.808 Section 438.808... Exclusion of entities. (a) General rule. FFP is available in payments under MCO contracts only if the State..., directly or indirectly, for the furnishing of health care, utilization review, medical social work, or...

  14. 78 FR 22270 - Special Fraud Alert: Physician-Owned Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of Inspector General Special Fraud Alert: Physician-Owned Entities AGENCY: Office... issued Special Fraud Alert on Physician-Owned Entities. Specifically, the Special Fraud Alert addressed...

  15. Interactive Exploration of Co-evolving Software Entities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanya, A.; Premraj, R.; van Vliet, H.

    2010-01-01

    Frequent changes to groups of software entities belonging to different parts of the system may indicate structural issues in the system’s decomposition. An in-depth analysis of such groups of entities is needed to understand the underly- ing reasons for co-changes, and also determine how to resolve

  16. Related Entity Finding: University of Waterloo at TREC 2010 Entity Track

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    contiguous   ngrams  from  the  “entity  name”  and       “narrative”  sections  of  the  topic.     Sort   ngrams  in...the  descending  order  of  the  number  of  words     For  each   ngram  n   If  n  OR  possessive  form  of

  17. 76 FR 63184 - Addition of Certain Persons on the Entity List; Implementation of Entity List Annual Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... two persons to the Entity List: Hong Kong 1. Cho-Man Wong, Room 2608, Technology Plaza, 29-35 Sha Tsui Road, Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong; and 2. Hang Tat Electronics Enterprises Co., Room 2608, Technology Plaza, 29-35 Sha Tsui Road, Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong. Removals From the Entity List This rule removes four...

  18. Deep learning with word embeddings improves biomedical named entity recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibi, Maryam; Weber, Leon; Neves, Mariana; Wiegandt, David Luis; Leser, Ulf

    2017-07-15

    Text mining has become an important tool for biomedical research. The most fundamental text-mining task is the recognition of biomedical named entities (NER), such as genes, chemicals and diseases. Current NER methods rely on pre-defined features which try to capture the specific surface properties of entity types, properties of the typical local context, background knowledge, and linguistic information. State-of-the-art tools are entity-specific, as dictionaries and empirically optimal feature sets differ between entity types, which makes their development costly. Furthermore, features are often optimized for a specific gold standard corpus, which makes extrapolation of quality measures difficult. We show that a completely generic method based on deep learning and statistical word embeddings [called long short-term memory network-conditional random field (LSTM-CRF)] outperforms state-of-the-art entity-specific NER tools, and often by a large margin. To this end, we compared the performance of LSTM-CRF on 33 data sets covering five different entity classes with that of best-of-class NER tools and an entity-agnostic CRF implementation. On average, F1-score of LSTM-CRF is 5% above that of the baselines, mostly due to a sharp increase in recall. The source code for LSTM-CRF is available at https://github.com/glample/tagger and the links to the corpora are available at https://corposaurus.github.io/corpora/ . habibima@informatik.hu-berlin.de.

  19. BDDCS Class Prediction for New Molecular Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broccatelli, Fabio; Cruciani, Gabriele; Benet, Leslie Z.; Oprea, Tudor I.

    2012-01-01

    The Biopharmaceutics Drug Disposition Classification System (BDDCS) was successfully employed for predicting drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with respect to drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs), drug transporters and their interplay. The major assumption of BDDCS is that the extent of metabolism (EoM) predicts high versus low intestinal permeability rate, and vice versa, at least when uptake transporters or paracellular transport are not involved. We recently published a collection of over 900 marketed drugs classified for BDDCS. We suggest that a reliable model for predicting BDDCS class, integrated with in vitro assays, could anticipate disposition and potential DDIs of new molecular entities (NMEs). Here we describe a computational procedure for predicting BDDCS class from molecular structures. The model was trained on a set of 300 oral drugs, and validated on an external set of 379 oral drugs, using 17 descriptors calculated or derived from the VolSurf+ software. For each molecule, a probability of BDDCS class membership was given, based on predicted EoM, FDA solubility (FDAS) and their confidence scores. The accuracy in predicting FDAS was 78% in training and 77% in validation, while for EoM prediction the accuracy was 82% in training and 79% in external validation. The actual BDDCS class corresponded to the highest ranked calculated class for 55% of the validation molecules, and it was within the top two ranked more than 92% of the times. The unbalanced stratification of the dataset didn’t affect the prediction, which showed highest accuracy in predicting classes 2 and 3 with respect to the most populated class 1. For class 4 drugs a general lack of predictability was observed. A linear discriminant analysis (LDA) confirmed the degree of accuracy for the prediction of the different BDDCS classes is tied to the structure of the dataset. This model could routinely be used in early drug discovery to prioritize in vitro tests for NMEs (e.g., affinity to transporters

  20. CONSIDERATION REGARDING CURRENT ASSETS IN THE CONSTRUCTION ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Adriana COJOCARU (ALIONESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Accounting for current assets mainly aims to obtain useful information on the management of their best in order to make management decisions. Counting efficiency of these assets, their importance, provides improved performance of the entity. In this paper we want to study the degree of implementation of policies and accounting treatments on the current assets in the specific construction economic entities, the problems of implementation and thus better addressing their theoretical and procedural to improve the information provided by financial statements. Due to the importance of proper conduct of business owned entities, accounting current assets should result in optimal and efficient control of current assets.

  1. Employee turnover and productivity among small business entities in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John N. N. Ugoani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to evaluate the problems of employee turnover on productivity among small business entities in Nigeria, and recommend remedial actions. Employee turnover is the separation of employees from employers and replacement with other employees. Productive manpower is a critical element for the economic survival of any small business entity. The survey research design was used for the study. The sample comprised of 320 respondents. Data generated were analyzed by using descriptive, and Z-test statistical techniques. It was found that employee turnover adversely affects productivity in small business entities.

  2. Concrete Security for Entity Recognition: The Jane Doe Protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lucks, Stefan; Zenner, Erik; Weimerskirch, Andre

    2008-01-01

    Entity recognition does not ask whether the message is from some entity X, just whether a message is from the same entity as a previous message. This turns turns out to be very useful for low-end devices. The current paper proposes a new protocol – the “Jane Doe Protocol” –, and provides a formal...... proof of its concrete security. The protocol neither employs asymmetric cryptography, nor a trusted third party, nor any key pre-distribution. It is suitable for light-weight cryptographic devices such as sensor network motes and RFID tags....

  3. Household Income and Relationships with Different Power Entities as Determinants of Corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asif Reza Anik

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article adds to the corruption literature by identifying factors influencing Bangladeshi farm households’ probability of experiencing corruption in different service sectors. The econometric results show that households’ probability of being exposed to corruption can largely be explained through their income and their relationship with different power entities. The direction of the relationship between income and corruption vary across services. Relatively rich households have a higher probability of experiencing corruption in sectors such as education, health and electricity. These households are less likely to experience corruption in local government and agricultural extension services. The results here are contrary to the common trend in corruption research that addresses households’ aggregate corruption experiences. Households with relationships with different power entities have a lower probability of experiencing corruption than their counterparts without these types of relationships.

  4. Transforming the representations of preschool-age children regarding geophysical entities and physical geography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA KAMPEZA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A semi-structured interview was individually administered to 76 preschoolers. The interview raised questions about the conceptual understanding of certain geophysical entities. A teaching intervention designed to attempt an understanding of the relationship between them and earth’s surface was implemented with groups of 5-9 children in order to help children construct a more “realistic” model of earth. The intervention’s effectiveness was consequently evaluated (after two weeks using an interview similar to that conducted prior to the intervention. The results of the study indicated that prior to the intervention many children faced difficulties in descriptive understanding of even familiar geographic features, such as rivers, lakes and islands. After the intervention the majority of children readily conceptualized certain aspects of most of the geophysical entities and correlated them with earth’s surface. Educational and research implications are discussed.

  5. Governar o estado para a participação de entidades privadas na provisão, financiamento e gestão dos sistemas educativos na União Europeia Governing the State for the involvement of private commercial and non-commercial entities in the provision, financing and management of education systems in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clementina Marques Cardoso

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A participação de entidades privadas comerciais¹ e não-comerciais na gestão, financiamento, provisão, avaliação e inspecção da educação na União Europeia é consolidada através de parcerias, contratação directa, criação de serviços paralelos. Essa consolidação é mediada pelas condições histórico-político-económicas de cada país e o seu quadro de acção distingue-se das regras de decisão pública. As funções do Estado e o papel do governo alteram-se para acompanhar e estimular essa participação e os efeitos desta alteração são vísiveis ao nível das regras da gestão, administração, financiamento e actividade reguladora que se reconfiguram como consequência da redefinição dos mecanismos de financiamento e do que se entende por autonomia escolar.The involvement of private commercial and noncommercial entities in the management, financing, provision, assessment and inspection of education in the European Union is consolidating through partnerships and commercial contracts and the creation of parallel services. This consolidation is mediated by each country's historical-political-economic conditions and its framework of action is different from public decision-making rules. The functions of the state and the role of governments are changing to follow and to stimulate such involvement. The effects of such changes can be seen in the rules of management, administration, financing and regulatory activities, which that are reconfigured by the redefinition of financing mechanisms and by what is understood to be school autonomy.

  6. Business Entity Selection: Why It Matters to Healthcare Practitioners. Part III--Nonprofits, Ethics, Practice Implications, and Conclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nithman, Robert W

    2015-01-01

    The Bureau of Labor statistics indicates only a 50% four-year survivability rate among businesses classified as "education and health services." Gaining knowledge of IRS business entities can result in cost savings, operational efficiency, reduced liability, and enhanced sustainability. Each entity has unique disadvantages, depending on size, diversity of ownership, desire to expand, and profitability. Business structures should be compatible with organizational mission or vision statements, services and products, and professional codes of ethics. Healthcare reform will require greater business acumen. We have an ethical duty to disseminate and acquire the knowledge to properly establish and manage healthcare practices to ensure sustainable services that protect and serve the community.

  7. Business entity selection: why it matters to healthcare practitioners--part I--Conceptual framework, sole proprietorships, and partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nithman, Robert W

    2015-01-01

    The Bureau of Labor statistics indicates only a 50% four-year survivability rate among businesses classified as "education and health services." Gaining knowledge of IRS business entities can result in cost savings, operational efficiency, reduced liability, and enhanced sustainability. Each entity has unique disadvan- tages, depending on size, diversity of ownership, desire to expand, and profitability. Business structures should be compatible with the organizational mission or vision statement, services and products, and professional codes of ethics. Healthcare reform will require greater business acumen. We have an ethical duty to disseminate and acquire the knowledge to properly establish and manage healthcare practices to ensure sustainable services that protect and serve the community.

  8. An evaluation of entity and frequency based query completion methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meij, E.; Mika, P.; Zaragoza, H.; Sanderson, M.; Zhai, C.; Zobel, J.; Allan, J.; Aslam, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    We present a semantic approach to suggesting query completions which leverages entity and type information. When compared to a frequency-based approach, we show that such information mostly helps rare queries.

  9. Tourette syndrome, growth retardation, and platyspondyly: an entity?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheper, Frederike Y.; Hennekam, Raoul C. M.

    2002-01-01

    A 14-year-old male is described with Tourette syndrome, platyspondyly, a marked delay in bone age, growth retardation that is more expressed in the limbs and talipes equinovarus. This appears to be a new entity

  10. The entity-to-algorithm allocation problem: Extending the analysis

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Grobler, J

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper extends the investigation into the algorithm selection problem in hyper-heuristics, otherwise referred to as the entity-to-algorithm allocation problem, introduced by Grobler et al.. Two newly developed population-based portfolio...

  11. Fraud Indicators Applied to Legal Entities : An Empirical Ranking Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. van den Braak; R. Choenni; M.S. Bargh

    2014-01-01

    Legal persons (i.e., entities such as corporations, companies, partnerships, firms, associations, and foundations) may commit financial crimes or employ fraudulent activities like money laundering, tax fraud, or bankruptcy fraud. Therefore, in the Netherlands legal persons are automatically screened

  12. Knowledge environments representing molecular entities for the virtual physiological human.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann-Apitius, Martin; Fluck, Juliane; Furlong, Laura; Fornes, Oriol; Kolárik, Corinna; Hanser, Susanne; Boeker, Martin; Schulz, Stefan; Sanz, Ferran; Klinger, Roman; Mevissen, Theo; Gattermayer, Tobias; Oliva, Baldo; Friedrich, Christoph M

    2008-09-13

    In essence, the virtual physiological human (VPH) is a multiscale representation of human physiology spanning from the molecular level via cellular processes and multicellular organization of tissues to complex organ function. The different scales of the VPH deal with different entities, relationships and processes, and in consequence the models used to describe and simulate biological functions vary significantly. Here, we describe methods and strategies to generate knowledge environments representing molecular entities that can be used for modelling the molecular scale of the VPH. Our strategy to generate knowledge environments representing molecular entities is based on the combination of information extraction from scientific text and the integration of information from biomolecular databases. We introduce @neuLink, a first prototype of an automatically generated, disease-specific knowledge environment combining biomolecular, chemical, genetic and medical information. Finally, we provide a perspective for the future implementation and use of knowledge environments representing molecular entities for the VPH.

  13. Considering the health care entity C corporation conversion to tax pass-through entity status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Robert F

    2012-01-01

    The double taxation of C corporation income from operations and from the ultimate sale of its assets makes the C corporation an inefficient tax status for many health care entities. At the time of this writing, the changes in the federal tax law that are scheduled to take effect in 2013 will increase this level of double-taxation inefficiency. The owners of a C corporation practice can avoid the C corporation status tax inefficiency by converting the practice to either (1) S corporation status or (2) LLC status. The conversion of the health care C corporation to an S corporation may be accomplished without a current tax cost. However, the conversion of a health care C corporation to an LLC status can result in a current tax at both the corporation level and the shareholder level. Nonetheless, the current conversion tax cost may be less than the future tax cost (1) of operating the practice as a C corporation and incurring double taxation at what may be higher tax rates or (2) of incurring the higher tax cost (or reduced price) on the ultimate disposition of the practice assets and the attendant double taxation of the appreciation in the value of the practice assets. Since individual income tax rates on qualifying dividends from C corporations and on capital gains are currently at very low rates, this may be a good time for C corporation practice owners to consider the costs and benefits of a conversion to either S corporation status or LLC status. The practice owners should consult with their accounting, legal, and valuation advisors in order to consider all of the costs and benefits of a possible corporate tax status conversion. An estimation of both the costs and benefits of the corporate tax status conversion depends on the concluded fair market values of the medical practice, dental practice, or other health care entity assets. And, that practice asset appraisal should encompass all of the practice assets, both tangible assets and intangible assets.

  14. THE CORPORATE GOVERNANCE OF PUBLIC ENTITIES IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Zapodeanu; Marcel Bolos; Lucia Kolozsi

    2009-01-01

    The paper aims to examine the application of principles of corporate governance fortransparency and efficiency of decision and control at the level of local public entities. We intend toargue the importance of these principles of governance in the public entities to determineresponsibility and management decision-making bodies in achieving the objectives in terms ofreliability of financial reporting, effectiveness and efficiency of operations, compliance withapplicable legislation.

  15. Memory-based named entity recognition in tweets

    OpenAIRE

    Bosch, A.P.J. van den; Bogers, T.

    2013-01-01

    We present a memory-based named entity recognition system that participated in the MSM-2013 Concept Extraction Challenge. The system expands the training set of annotated tweets with part-of-speech tags and seedlist information, and then generates a sequential memory-based tagger comprised of separate modules for known and unknown words. Two taggers are trained: one on the original capitalized data, and one on a lowercased version of the training data. The intersection of named entities in th...

  16. Entity-Based Discussion Forum for Drupal 7

    OpenAIRE

    Werling, Rasmus

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes the planning and creation of an entity-based discussion forum module for the content management system Drupal 7. The main focus is on how the new entities in Drupal 7 are taken into use in a discussion forum module created from scratch. Also the database structure, the different implemented features and the integration with the Views module are explained. The major differences between Drupal 6 and Drupal 7 are dealt with as well: how everything circled around nod...

  17. Confidence Links Between Name Entities in Disparate Documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    200 is useful for various real-world applications, including information retrieval, question answering applica- tions, watch lists, and cross...natural language processing ( NLP ) applications. BACKGROUND Cross-document entity co-reference refers generally to the problem of identifYing whether...extracted while "city" and "Baghdad" refer to a second entity. Using the names using a different technique . Therefore, the various event from this

  18. Rediscovering perifollicular elastolysis: A hitherto undocumented entity in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyam B Verma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Perifollicular elastolysis, also known as papular acne scars is a common but taken for granted entity. It appears as asymptomatic whitish yellow papules on the trunk and proximal arms. Histologically there is loss of elastin around the pilosebaceous follicles. The lesions are the result of a scarring process that appear as papules and are often mistaken for papules of acne and are treated. A knowledge of this entity which has never been described before in India is being reiterated.

  19. EVOLUTION AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR WINE ENTITIES IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Topor; Sorinel Capusneanu; Alina Putan

    2012-01-01

    The article aims to highlight the evolution of wine entities in Romania and theirperformance. Given the state of research conducted in the literature on performance measurementand analysis of the entities from wine sector and the achievements of specialists, the authors of thisarticle demonstrates the importance of using the method of variable costs in terms of its specificindicators and making any decisions based on information provided by them. The article ends withthe authors' conclusions ...

  20. 78 FR 18808 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List; Removal of Person From the Entity List Based on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ..., 2012). 0 2. Supplement No. 4 to part 744 is amended: 0 a. By removing under Canada, one Canadian entity.... Kevin J. Wolf, Assistant Secretary for Export Administration. BILLING CODE 3510-33-P ...

  1. 78 FR 3317 - Removal of Persons From the Entity List Based on Removal Request; Implementation of Entity List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ..., and a 30-day delay in effective date are inapplicable because this regulation involves a military or... Russia, the Russian entity: ``Bolshaya Semenovskaya, 40/505, Moscow, Russia 107023; and Ulitsa...

  2. Motivation for physical activity in young people: entity and incremental beliefs about athletic ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biddle, Stuart J H; Wang, C K John; Chatzisarantis, Nikos L D; Spray, Christopher M

    2003-12-01

    Three studies are reported of children and youth aged 11-19 years (n = 3478) examining the nature of beliefs about athletic ability. Drawing on related research in academic, moral and stereotyping domains, development of a psychometric instrument assessing athletic ability beliefs is detailed. Support was found for a multidimensional hierarchical structure that is invariant across age and gender. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a structure comprising two higher-order factors of entity and incremental beliefs underpinned by beliefs that athletic ability is stable and a gift (entity), and is open to improvement and can be developed through learning (incremental). Incremental beliefs, indirectly through a task goal orientation, and entity beliefs directly, predicted self-reported amotivation towards physical education and sport. On the other hand, enjoyment of physical activity in youth was predicted directly by task orientation and incremental beliefs. Predictions concerning the moderating role of perceived competence were not supported. Our findings highlight the importance of ability beliefs and goals in understanding the determinants of physical activity in children and youth.

  3. 'Dhat' syndrome--a useful clinical entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, M S; Bohra, N; Malik, S C

    1989-06-01

    48 consecutive male patients of potency disorders were examined and classified as 'Dhat' syndrome, impotence or premature ejaculation. The age range of these cases was found as 20-38 years (mean 23.5 +/- 3.3 years) while age of onset was 16-24 years (mean 20.6 +/- 4.5 years). Majority of cases were unmarried (54.2%) and educated 5th class or above (79.1%). 31 cases (64.6%) had Dhat syndrome with or without impotency and/or premature ejaculation while 7 cases (14.6%) had only premature ejaculation and 10 cases (20.8%) only impotence. The cases with 'Dhat' syndrome or with impotence scored maximally on neuroticism and depression scales. Neurotic depression was the commonest associated psychiatric illness (39.5%) followed by anxiety neurosis (20.8%) while 31.3% did not have any possible diagnosis. The common presenting symptoms of 'Dhat' syndrome include weakness (70.8%), fatigue (68.7%), palpitations (68.7%), sleeplessness (62.4%) etc. Among the four groups on the basis of type of treatment (antianxiety drug, antidepressant, placebo, psychotherapy), the best response was seen in those receiving antianxiety or antidepressant drugs while those receiving psychotherapy showed minimal response. 7 cases (14.6%) dropped out of treatment and the maximum dropout (40.6%) was seen in psychotherapy group.

  4. Named entity recognition for bacterial Type IV secretion systems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia Ananiadou

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Research on specialized biological systems is often hampered by a lack of consistent terminology, especially across species. In bacterial Type IV secretion systems genes within one set of orthologs may have over a dozen different names. Classifying research publications based on biological processes, cellular components, molecular functions, and microorganism species should improve the precision and recall of literature searches allowing researchers to keep up with the exponentially growing literature, through resources such as the Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC, patricbrc.org. We developed named entity recognition (NER tools for four entities related to Type IV secretion systems: 1 bacteria names, 2 biological processes, 3 molecular functions, and 4 cellular components. These four entities are important to pathogenesis and virulence research but have received less attention than other entities, e.g., genes and proteins. Based on an annotated corpus, large domain terminological resources, and machine learning techniques, we developed recognizers for these entities. High accuracy rates (>80% are achieved for bacteria, biological processes, and molecular function. Contrastive experiments highlighted the effectiveness of alternate recognition strategies; results of term extraction on contrasting document sets demonstrated the utility of these classes for identifying T4SS-related documents.

  5. Enhanced Named Entity Extraction via Error-Driven Aggregation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemmond, T D; Perry, N C; Guensche, J W; Nitao, J J; Glaser, R E; Kidwell, P; Hanley, W G

    2010-02-22

    Despite recent advances in named entity extraction technologies, state-of-the-art extraction tools achieve insufficient accuracy rates for practical use in many operational settings. However, they are not generally prone to the same types of error, suggesting that substantial improvements may be achieved via appropriate combinations of existing tools, provided their behavior can be accurately characterized and quantified. In this paper, we present an inference methodology for the aggregation of named entity extraction technologies that is founded upon a black-box analysis of their respective error processes. This method has been shown to produce statistically significant improvements in extraction relative to standard performance metrics and to mitigate the weak performance of entity extractors operating under suboptimal conditions. Moreover, this approach provides a framework for quantifying uncertainty and has demonstrated the ability to reconstruct the truth when majority voting fails.

  6. A controlled vocabulary for pathway entities and events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupe, Steve; Jassal, Bijay; Williams, Mark; Wu, Guanming

    2014-01-01

    Entities involved in pathways and the events they participate in require descriptive and unambiguous names that are often not available in the literature or elsewhere. Reactome is a manually curated open-source resource of human pathways. It is accessible via a website, available as downloads in standard reusable formats and via Representational State Transfer (REST)-ful and Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) application programming interfaces (APIs). We have devised a controlled vocabulary (CV) that creates concise, unambiguous and unique names for reactions (pathway events) and all the molecular entities they involve. The CV could be reapplied in any situation where names are used for pathway entities and events. Adoption of this CV would significantly improve naming consistency and readability, with consequent benefits for searching and data mining within and between databases. Database URL: http://www.reactome.org. © The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press.

  7. Using Local Grammar for Entity Extraction from Clinical Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aicha Ghoulam

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Information Extraction (IE is a natural language processing (NLP task whose aim is to analyze texts written in natural language to extract structured and useful information such as named entities and semantic relations linking these entities. Information extraction is an important task for many applications such as bio-medical literature mining, customer care, community websites, and personal information management. The increasing information available in patient clinical reports is difficult to access. As it is often in an unstructured text form, doctors need tools to enable them access to this information and the ability to search it. Hence, a system for extracting this information in a structured form can benefits healthcare professionals. The work presented in this paper uses a local grammar approach to extract medical named entities from French patient clinical reports. Experimental results show that the proposed approach achieved an F-Measure of 90. 06%.

  8. Cuban entities management. Cedrux just around the corner.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Rodríguez Sánchez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The direction of the country as part of strengthening entities management and the informatization of Cuban society, presented the need to create a System of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP, which would be able to computerize management processes of business and budgeted entities on national scale. It is in this way that since July 2008 CEDRUX product was developed composed by 15 subsystems. It will constitute the core on which new solutions will be developed that will extend its functionalities in a constantly way, including new entities management processes and allowing constant updating. In its first operational phase that will be in this very year 2011, Cedrux will only integrate 9 subsystems that will answer the economic needs of any organization.

  9. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF AN ENTITY FROM CONSTRUCTION SECTOR USING DASHBOARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SORIN BRICIU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper deals with the analysis of performances of economic entities from the construction sector from Romania. The necessary data for preparation and analysis up through dashboard of the economic entity are provided by managerial accounting through Target Costing method. The way of implementing and observing of stages which are completed in managerial accounting through Target Costing method are also presented in the paper based on the existing literature. For data analysis it was used a questionnaire based on three questions whose results were analyzed and which formed the basis of our entire course of scientific approach. The paper ends with the authors' conclusions about the performance analysis of economic entities in a construction project using dashboard showing the benefits of its long-term decisions.

  10. Event-Entity-Relationship Modeling in Data Warehouse Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    We use the event-entity-relationship model (EVER) to illustrate the use of entity-based modeling languages for conceptual schema design in data warehouse environments. EVER is a general-purpose information modeling language that supports the specification of both general schema structures and multi......-dimensional schemes that are customized to serve specific information needs. EVER is based on an event concept that is very well suited for multi-dimensional modeling because measurement data often represent events in multi-dimensional databases...

  11. Object-Relational Management of Multiply Represented Geographic Entities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis-Christensen, Anders; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard

    2003-01-01

    Multiple representation occurs when information about the same geographic entity is represented electronically more than once. This occurs frequently in practice, and it invariably results in the occurrence of inconsistencies among the different representations. We propose to resolve this situation...... by introducing a multiple representation management system (MRMS), the schema of which includes rules that specify how to identify representations of the same entity, rules that specify consistency requirements, and rules used to restore consistency when necessary. In this paper, we demonstrate by means...

  12. Spatio-structural granularity of biological material entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vogt Lars

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background With the continuously increasing demands on knowledge- and data-management that databases have to meet, ontologies and the theories of granularity they use become more and more important. Unfortunately, currently used theories and schemes of granularity unnecessarily limit the performance of ontologies due to two shortcomings: (i they do not allow the integration of multiple granularity perspectives into one granularity framework; (ii they are not applicable to cumulative-constitutively organized material entities, which cover most of the biomedical material entities. Results The above mentioned shortcomings are responsible for the major inconsistencies in currently used spatio-structural granularity schemes. By using the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO as a top-level ontology and Keet's general theory of granularity, a granularity framework is presented that is applicable to cumulative-constitutively organized material entities. It provides a scheme for granulating complex material entities into their constitutive and regional parts by integrating various compositional and spatial granularity perspectives. Within a scale dependent resolution perspective, it even allows distinguishing different types of representations of the same material entity. Within other scale dependent perspectives, which are based on specific types of measurements (e.g. weight, volume, etc., the possibility of organizing instances of material entities independent of their parthood relations and only according to increasing measures is provided as well. All granularity perspectives are connected to one another through overcrossing granularity levels, together forming an integrated whole that uses the compositional object perspective as an integrating backbone. This granularity framework allows to consistently assign structural granularity values to all different types of material entities. Conclusions The here presented framework provides a spatio

  13. Encoding of Fundamental Chemical Entities of Organic Reactivity Interest using chemical ontology and XML.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durairaj, Vijayasarathi; Punnaivanam, Sankar

    2015-09-01

    Fundamental chemical entities are identified in the context of organic reactivity and classified as appropriate concept classes namely ElectronEntity, AtomEntity, AtomGroupEntity, FunctionalGroupEntity and MolecularEntity. The entity classes and their subclasses are organized into a chemical ontology named "ChemEnt" for the purpose of assertion, restriction and modification of properties through entity relations. Individual instances of entity classes are defined and encoded as a library of chemical entities in XML. The instances of entity classes are distinguished with a unique notation and identification values in order to map them with the ontology definitions. A model GUI named Entity Table is created to view graphical representations of all the entity instances. The detection of chemical entities in chemical structures is achieved through suitable algorithms. The possibility of asserting properties to the entities at different levels and the mechanism of property flow within the hierarchical entity levels is outlined. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. FINANCIAL REPORTING IN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AND NON-FINANCIAL ENTITIES. SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Vitan

    2011-01-01

    The present paperwork contains issues regarding financial reporting at the public institutions and non – financial entities. The main aspects are regarding the obligation of all entities to present the financial statements, the content of financial statements in public institutions and non-financial entities. Also, is presented the similarities and the differences aspects between financial reporting of these two patrimonial entities.

  15. Evaluation of Named Entity Recognition in Dutch online criminal complaints

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schraagen, M.P.; Brinkhuis, M.J.S.; Bex, F.J.

    2017-01-01

    The possibility for citizens to submit crime reports and criminal complaints online is becoming ever more common, especially for cyber- and internet-related crimes such as phishing and online trade fraud. Such user-submitted crime reports contain references to entities of interest, such as the

  16. Optimising closely held entities to enhance commercial participation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The important contribution of the small business sector to economic growth and regional development is widely and generally acknowledged. In 1984, the South African Close Corporations Act introduced a simple, inexpensive and flexible closelyheld entity for the business consisting of a single entrepreneur or small ...

  17. 7 CFR 795.6 - Multiple individuals or other entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... persons for the purpose of applying the limitation. In cases in which more than one rule would appear to be applicable, the rule which is most restrictive on the number of persons shall apply. ... Multiple individuals or other entities. The rules in §§ 795.5 through 795.16 shall be used to determine...

  18. Principles and tools for collaborative entity-based intelligence analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bier, Eric A; Card, Stuart K; Bodnar, John W

    2010-01-01

    Software tools that make it easier for analysts to collaborate as a natural part of their work will lead to better analysis that is informed by more perspectives. We are interested to know if software tools can be designed that support collaboration even as they allow analysts to find documents and organize information (including evidence, schemas, and hypotheses). We have modified the Entity Workspace system, described previously, to test such designs. We have evaluated the resulting design in both a laboratory study and a study where it is situated with an analysis team. In both cases, effects on collaboration appear to be positive. Key aspects of the design include an evidence notebook optimized for organizing entities (rather than text characters), information structures that can be collapsed and expanded, visualization of evidence that emphasizes events and documents (rather than emphasizing the entity graph), and a notification system that finds entities of mutual interest to multiple analysts. Long-term tests suggest that this approach can support both top-down and bottom-up styles of analysis.

  19. Continuities and discontinuities between humans, intelligent machines, and other entities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soraker, Johnny

    2014-01-01

    When it comes to the question of what kind of moral claim an intelligent or autonomous machine might have, one way to answer this is by way of comparison with humans: Is there a fundamental difference between humans and other entities? If so, on what basis, and what are the implications for science

  20. Chemical named entities recognition: a review on approaches and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eltyeb, Safaa; Salim, Naomie

    2014-01-01

    The rapid increase in the flow rate of published digital information in all disciplines has resulted in a pressing need for techniques that can simplify the use of this information. The chemistry literature is very rich with information about chemical entities. Extracting molecules and their related properties and activities from the scientific literature to "text mine" these extracted data and determine contextual relationships helps research scientists, particularly those in drug development. One of the most important challenges in chemical text mining is the recognition of chemical entities mentioned in the texts. In this review, the authors briefly introduce the fundamental concepts of chemical literature mining, the textual contents of chemical documents, and the methods of naming chemicals in documents. We sketch out dictionary-based, rule-based and machine learning, as well as hybrid chemical named entity recognition approaches with their applied solutions. We end with an outlook on the pros and cons of these approaches and the types of chemical entities extracted.

  1. Lichen planus hypertrophicus of the vulva - a rare entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Job, Anupa Mary; Kaimal, Sowmya

    2017-09-01

    Vulvovaginal lichen planus is a type of chronic inflammatory dermatosis of the vulva, usually seen as a part of widespread lichen planus. The common clinical types of vulval lichen planus include papulosquamous, erosive and pigmented types. Hypertrophic lichen planus of the vulva is a rare entity. We report a case of hypertrophic lichen planus of the vulva which clinically simulated genital warts.

  2. 10 CFR 300.5 - Submission of an entity statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... emission inventories, such as fossil fuel power plants, manufacturing facilities, commercial office... other than financial control; (4) The names of any parent or holding companies the activities of which... a complete emissions inventory under the 1605(b) program. (ii) The entity's emissions in its start...

  3. 31 CFR 306.88 - Political entities and public corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING U.S. SECURITIES Assignments in Behalf of Private or Public Organizations § 306.88 Political... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Political entities and public...

  4. Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Stomach: A Rare Entity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    How to cite this article: Patnayak R, Reddy V, Radhakrishnan, Jena A. Primary squamous cell carcinoma of stomach: A rare entity - case report and brief review of literature. J Surg Tech Case Report 2015;7:45-7. Source of Support: Nil, Conflict of Interest: None declared. Table 1: Primary SCC of stomach reported in literature.

  5. Primary Ovarian Leiomyoma: An Uncommon Entity ‑ Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Among all benign primary ovarian smooth muscle tumors, ovarian leiomyoma, is uncommon, accounting for 0.5-1% of all tumors. Most of these tumors are unilateral, small in size, and generally occur in premenopausal women. This paper presents a case report of primary ovarian leiomyoma, which is a rare entity, in a ...

  6. Detecting Underlying Stance Adopted When Human Construe Behavior of Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terada, Kazunori; Ono, Kouhei; Ito, Akira

    Whether or not humans can construe the behaviors of entities depends on their psychological stance. The philosopher Dennett proposed human cognitive strategies (three stances) in which humans construe the behavior of other animated objects, including other humans, artifacts, and physical phenomena:‘intentional’, ‘design’ and ‘physical’ stances. Detecting the psychological stance taken toward entities is difficult, because such mental state attribution is a subjective cognitive process and hard to measure. In the present study, we proposed a novel method for detecting underlying stance adopted when human construe behavior of entities. In our method the subject was asked to select the most suitable action sequence shown in three movies each of which representing Dennett’s three stances. To valid our method we have conducted an experiment in which the subjects were presented thirty short videos and asked to compare them to the three movies. The result indicated that the subjects did not focused on prior knowledge about the entity but could focused on motion characteristics per se, owing to simple and typical motion of an abstract shaped object.

  7. Toxic cannabis psychosis is a valid entity | Solomons | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One hundred black men admitted to hospital with acute psychiatric symptoms were investigated for the presence of urinary cannabis metabolltes in order to delineate the psychiatric role played by 'dagga', the potent South African cannabinol, in the study population and to determine the diagnostic value of the entity 'toxic ...

  8. Amelogenesis imperfecta and localised aggressive periodontitis: A rare clinical entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayatri Gundannavar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This case report presents two female patients whose chief complaint was discoloration of teeth. On careful clinical examination it was found that the patients had features of amelogenesis imperfecta and localised aggressive periodontitis. This article will give an insight of clinical and radiographic features of amelogenesis imperfecta with localised aggressive periodontitis, which is a rare clinical entity.

  9. 27 CFR 479.70 - Certain government entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain government entities. 479.70 Section 479.70 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... obtain the approval of the Director as prescribed in § 479.62. Registration ...

  10. Urethral cavernous hemangioma in a female patient: a rare entity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genitourinary hemangiomas are rare entities of the urinary system. We reported a female patient who suffered dyspareunia and intermitant hematuria that was proved as urethral cavernous hemangioma. Despite its benign nature, hemangiomas may recur due to incomplet excision. Pan African Medical Journal 2015; 22 ...

  11. Secure Environments for Collaboration among Ubiquitous Roaming Entities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian D.

    2002-01-01

    SECURE is a newly started IST project, which addresses secure collaboration among computational entities in emerging global computing systems. The properties of these systems introduce new security challenges that are not adequately addressed by existing security models and mechanisms. The scale ...

  12. Entity Ranking on Graphs: Studies on Expert Finding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rode, H.; Serdyukov, Pavel; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Zaragoza, H.

    2007-01-01

    Todays web search engines try to offer services for finding various information in addition to simple web pages, like showing locations or answering simple fact queries. Understanding the association of named entities and documents is one of the key steps towards such semantic search tasks. This

  13. Example Based Entity Search in the Web of Data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bron, M.; Balog, K.; de Rijke, M.

    2013-01-01

    The scale of today's Web of Data motivates the use of keyword search-based approaches to entity-oriented search tasks in addition to traditional structure-based approaches, which require users to have knowledge of the underlying schema. We propose an alternative structure-based approach that makes

  14. Two-stage named-entity recognition using averaged perceptrons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buitinck, L.; Marx, M.

    2012-01-01

    We describe a simple approach to named-entity recognition (NER), aimed initially at the Dutch language, but potentially applicable to other languages. Our NER system employs a two-stage architecture, with handcrafted but dataset-independent features for both stages, and is on a par with

  15. Evaluation of Named Entity Recognition in Dutch Online Criminal Complaints

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schraagen, M.P.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/315552204; Brinkhuis, M.J.S.; Bex, F.J.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/29609627X

    2017-01-01

    The possibility for citizens to submit crime reports and criminal complaints online is becoming ever more common, especially for cyber- and internet-related crimes such as phishing and online trade fraud. Such user-submitted crime reports contain references to entities of interest, such as the

  16. Visual analysis of entity relationships in the Global Terrorism Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godwin, Alex; Chang, Remco; Kosara, Robert; Ribarsky, William

    2008-04-01

    With the increase of terrorist activity around the world, it has become more important than ever to analyze and understand these activities over time. Although the data on terrorist activities are detailed and relevant, the complexity of the data has rendered the understanding and analysis difficult. We present a visual analytical approach to effectively identify related entities such as terrorist groups, events, locations, etc. based on a 2D layout. Our methods are based on sequence comparison from bioinformatics, modified to incorporate the element of time. By allowing the user the freedom to link entities by their activities over time, we provide a new framework for comparison of event sequences. Our scoring mechanism is robust and flexible, giving the user the flexibility to define the extent to which time is considered in aligning entities. Incorporated with high interactivity, the user can efficiently navigate through tens of thousands of records recorded in over a hundred dimensions of data by choosing combinations of categories to examine. Exploration of the terrorist activities in our system reveals relationships between entities that are not easily detectable using traditional methods.

  17. 76 FR 78146 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List; and Implementation of Entity List Annual Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE..., Commerce. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by... concerning one person located in Malaysia to add an alternate address. The Entity List provides notice to the...

  18. Central dot sign in entities other than Caroli disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmadi, T.; Itai, Yuji [Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Clinical Medicine; Minami, Manabu

    1997-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe central dot sign (tiny dots with strong contrast enhancement of the portal vein within dilated hepatic bile ducts on computed tomography) in entities other than Caroli disease, especially in peribiliary cysts with or without autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease. Computed tomography in 74 cases of peribiliary cysts and 134 cases of other liver diseases and states possibly showing central dot sign were retrospectively reviewed to examine the central dot sign. In three cases of peribiliary cysts, some part of the liver showed strongly enhanced portal radicles surrounded completely or partially by low-attenuation, enlarged peribiliary cysts, presenting ``central dot sign`` on contrast-enhanced computed tomography. We suggest that in addition to Caroli disease, some other entities and diseases of the liver may demonstrate central dot sign and this sign should not be considered a specific finding of Caroli disease. (author)

  19. Linear interstitial keratitis: a distinct clinical entity revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvo, Charles M; Sikder, Shameema; Mamalis, Nick; Mifflin, Mark D

    2012-12-01

    Few reports in the ophthalmic literature describe rare corneal lesions of the stroma that present in a horizontal linear fashion. Although some differences exist among the small number of reported cases, we believe that all these cases represent a distinct clinical entity appropriately titled linear interstitial keratitis. In an attempt to expand the knowledge of this condition of unknown etiology, we present 3 cases of linear interstitial keratitis. Case series (3 cases are presented) and literature review. All 3 patients (aged 21-22 years) presented with horizontal linear stromal infiltrates. One patient presented with a corneal perforation, requiring a closure with 3 interrupted sutures. Another patient required a penetrating keratoplasty because of a visually significant central scar. All 3 patients responded to topical steroids. Linear interstitial keratitis is a rare clinical entity and its histopathologic etiology remains undetermined. Current available technology including specular microscopy, anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and more sensitive serological testing may permit a better understanding of this disease.

  20. Congenital hernia of cord: an often misdiagnosed entity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raju, Rubin; Satti, Mohamed; Lee, Quoc; Vettraino, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    Congenital hernia of the cord, also known as umbilical cord hernia, is an often misdiagnosed and under-reported entity, easily confused with a small omphalocele. It is different from postnatally diagnosed umbilical hernias and is believed to arise from persistent physiological mid-gut herniation. Its incidence is estimated to be 1 in 5000. Unlike an omphalocele, it is considered benign and is not linked with chromosomal anomalies. It has been loosely associated with intestinal anomalies, suggesting the need for a complete fetal anatomical ultrasound evaluation. We present a case of a fetal umbilical cord hernia diagnosed in a 28-year-old woman at 21 weeks gestation. The antenatal and intrapartum courses were uncomplicated. It was misdiagnosed postnatally as a small omphalocele, causing unwarranted anxiety in the parents. Increased awareness and knowledge of such an entity among health professionals is important to prevent unwarranted anxiety from misdiagnosis, and inadvertent bowel injury during cord clamping at delivery. PMID:25899514

  1. Adaptive, Multilingual Named Entity Recognition in Web Pages

    OpenAIRE

    Petasis, Georgios; Karkaletsis, Vangelis; Grover, Claire; Hachey, Ben; Pazienza, Maria Teresa; Vindigni, Michele; Coch, José

    2004-01-01

    Most of the information on the Web today is in the form of HTML documents, which are designed for presentation purposes and not for machine understanding and reasoning. Existing web extraction systems require a lot of human involvement for maintenance due to changes to targeted web sites and for adaptation to new web sites or even to new domains. This paper presents the adaptive, multilingual named entity recognition and classification (NERC) technologies developed for processing web pages in...

  2. Representing electrons a biographical approach to theoretical entities

    CERN Document Server

    Arabatzis, Theodore

    2006-01-01

    Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron-or rather its representation-as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical

  3. Magnetic studies of iron-entities in human tissues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slawska-Waniewska, A. E-mail: slaws@ifpan.edu.pl; Mosiniewicz-Szablewska, E.; Nedelko, N.; Galazka-Friedman, J.; Friedman, A

    2004-05-01

    Iron-entities in the human liver, brain and blood tissues have been investigated by means of EPR spectroscopy and magnetization measurements over the temperature range 4-300 K. The identification of the most typical forms of iron in the human body (i.e. isolated Fe-ions bonded in hemoglobin and transferrin as well as exchange coupled Fe-ions in nanosized ferritin cores) is presented.

  4. SALES BUDGET - MANAGEMENT TOOL IN BUSINESS BACKGROUND ENTITY

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina-Otilia, TENOVICI

    2014-01-01

    Budget as a management tool is used to size the activity of forecasting the financial and accounting terms and in terms of economic efficiency, the allocation and use of resources to an entity in a particular reporting period, that aims to achieve the necessary expenses and income achieved, establishing this and the powers and responsibilities relating to the efficient use of these resources. Sales budgeting should be given special attention given the correlation and the influence of these pr...

  5. The Use of Management Accounting Tools in Third Sector Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poueri do Carmo Mário

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to present the results of research about the use of management accounting tools by third sector entities. It was considered that the use of management tools assists in the management process and internal controls of the same, and consequently in its continuity. The literature discusses the importance of management accounting and its instruments for management purposes (Padoveze, 2004; Soutes, 2006; Pace, 2009 and presents relevant aspects of more traditional tools such as the Budget, Strategic Planning and Costing (Dubois, Kulpa and Souza, 2006; Martins, 2010; Padoveze, 2006. We tried to do a survey on a sample of NGOs in cities of Minas Gerais, which included at the end with 41 respondents institutions. The survey instrument for data collection was a questionnaire constructed from literature reviews related to objects of research (Third Sector and Management Accounting Instruments. The questionnaire had the purpose of gathering data from the entity and also know about of the respondent. In addition, interviews were conducted in some NGOs, complementing the research findings from the questionnaires. The results were divided into three topics: the respondent data, the organization and practices of management accounting. In general, although much progress has been made and success stories and effective improvements, most of these entities still need to develop their accounting information systems and the use of the instruments themselves. Causes of this may be the lack of knowledge about some of the entities management tools (maybe the respondents because of their formations, besides the reduced capacity of most of them have these "services" (controls and analyzes that run on its functional structure due lack of resources to do so.

  6. Leiomyosarcoma of Penis: An Aggressive and Exceptionally Rare Entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivedi, Vinita; A, Muneer; Rani, Rita; Chauhan, Richa; Singh, Usha; Kuna, Naveen

    2017-09-01

    Penile leiomyosarcoma is a very rare disease of penile mesenchymal tissue, most of them are of vascular origin and pathologically classified into the superficial and deep type. Because of the small number of cases reported so far, the conclusions about treatment and prognosis are equivocal. Here we report a case of 40-year old patient who presented with leiomyosracoma of penis; despite adequate surgery patient developed local recurrence and distant metastasis indicating aggressive nature of leiomyosarcoma entity of penis.

  7. 76 FR 66074 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Required Warnings for Cigarette Packages and Advertisements...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ... Cigarette Packages and Advertisements; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... industry entitled ``Required Warnings for Cigarette Packages and Advertisements--Small Entity Compliance... entitled ``Required Warnings for Cigarette Packages and Advertisements--Small Entity Compliance Guide'' to...

  8. 77 FR 70163 - Recognition of Entities for the Accreditation of Qualified Health Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) and URAC as recognized accrediting entities for the purposes of fulfilling the accreditation requirement as part of qualified health plan... HUMAN SERVICES Recognition of Entities for the Accreditation of Qualified Health Plans AGENCY...

  9. Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Valk, H.; Crul, M.; Crul, M.; Heering, L.

    2008-01-01

    Education is of crucial importance in the lives of young adults. Attending school is not only a major part of everyday life, but education is a decisive factor for the future. In literature, educational attainment has been tied to a host of outcomes in adult life. Education is perceived as the key

  10. 15 CFR 744.10 - Restrictions on certain entities in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Russia. 744.10 Section 744.10 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign... REGULATIONS CONTROL POLICY: END-USER AND END-USE BASED § 744.10 Restrictions on certain entities in Russia. (a) General prohibition. Certain entities in Russia are included in Supplement No. 4 to this part 744 (Entity...

  11. 12 CFR 911.6 - Persons and entities with access to unpublished information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... employee or agent, or any entity, including a supervised entity, Bank member, or government agency that... person or entity served with request. Unless the Finance Board has authorized in writing disclosure of the requested information: (1) A current or former Finance Board employee or agent or a supervised...

  12. 78 FR 30397 - Identification of Entity Pursuant to the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (``SDN List'') to identify this entity... Availability The SDN List and additional information concerning OFAC are available from OFAC's Web site ( www... Order and the ITSR, and updated the SDN List to identify this entity. The listing for this entity is as...

  13. Collaborative human-machine analysis to disambiguate entities in unstructured text and structured datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davenport, Jack H.

    2016-05-01

    Intelligence analysts demand rapid information fusion capabilities to develop and maintain accurate situational awareness and understanding of dynamic enemy threats in asymmetric military operations. The ability to extract relationships between people, groups, and locations from a variety of text datasets is critical to proactive decision making. The derived network of entities must be automatically created and presented to analysts to assist in decision making. DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation (DAC) provides capabilities to automatically extract entities, relationships between entities, semantic concepts about entities, and network models of entities from text and multi-source datasets. DAC's Natural Language Processing (NLP) Entity Analytics model entities as complex systems of attributes and interrelationships which are extracted from unstructured text via NLP algorithms. The extracted entities are automatically disambiguated via machine learning algorithms, and resolution recommendations are presented to the analyst for validation; the analyst's expertise is leveraged in this hybrid human/computer collaborative model. Military capability is enhanced by these NLP Entity Analytics because analysts can now create/update an entity profile with intelligence automatically extracted from unstructured text, thereby fusing entity knowledge from structured and unstructured data sources. Operational and sustainment costs are reduced since analysts do not have to manually tag and resolve entities.

  14. 49 CFR 37.41 - Construction of transportation facilities by public entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... public entities. 37.41 Section 37.41 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... transportation facilities by public entities. (a) A public entity shall construct any new facility to be used in providing designated public transportation services so that the facility is readily accessible to and usable...

  15. Medical Malpractice in Uveitis: A Review of Clinical Entities and Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Ashvini K; Engelhard, Stephanie B; Shah, Christopher T; Sim, Austin J; Thorne, Jennifer E

    2016-08-11

    To guide risk management in uveitis. Retrospective review of malpractice verdicts, rulings, and settlements. The WestLaw® database was reviewed for lawsuits related to uveitis in the United States from 1930-2014. Twenty-five cases met inclusion criteria, and 48% of these were infectious. Overall, 64% of outcomes favored the defendant ophthalmologist. The most common diagnoses were viral retinitis (28%), iritis (12%), syphilis (8%), and toxoplasmosis (8%). Seven suits (28%) were resolved by settlement, with mean adjusted indemnities of $724,302 (median, $409,390; range, $127,837-2,021,887). Two cases (8%) resulted in plaintiff verdict, with adjusted awards of $1,399,800 and $630,799. Despite being a rare diagnosis, viral retinitis (especially acute retinal necrosis) is the most common clinical entity associated with litigation in uveitis and should be considered early. Educating patients about potential adverse events, early testing for syphilis, and maintaining a positive relationship may also minimize risk.

  16. Colima: The eleventh entity most competitive of the country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Orozco Plascencia

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the I Report of the State Competitiveness 2006, the State of Colima is considered to be the eleventh federal entity more competitive of the country. Number obtained in the favorable results in the national ranking of competitiveness, due to it got a third position to have with a System of Rights Reliable and Objective, besides it got three fifth positions: Sustainable Management of the Environment, Market of Efficient Factors and Precursor Sectors of the World Class, besides of a eighth position to count on a Dynamic Economic and Stables Indicators. Nevertheless, there are some indicators that showed unfavorable results for the entity, for instance, Colima got the 30th place in the factor of Achievement of the International Relations, the 27th position to count on a bad Political and Functional System, and the 24th place to have an Efficient and Effective Government. On average of the sectorial competitiveness, the Pharmaceutical and High-Tech sector holds the fifth position in the national ranking, in order to the priorities for the location of the business investment; the Manufactures are located in the sixth Place; the Textile sector in the eighth, and the more straggler ones like the Agribusiness and Tourism in the ninth position, respectively. Finally, the sensitivity of the investments above an increase of 10% relative to the 120 quantitative variables that revealed that Colima could pass from the eleventh to the third position, this like a result to increase its investment in 3,228 million of pesos for the entity, or increase in 30% the amount per capita for each member of the PEA, equivalent to 12,300 pesos average for employee.

  17. Customer and household matching: resolving entity identity in data warehouses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berndt, Donald J.; Satterfield, Ronald K.

    2000-04-01

    The data preparation and cleansing tasks necessary to ensure high quality data are among the most difficult challenges faced in data warehousing and data mining projects. The extraction of source data, transformation into new forms, and loading into a data warehouse environment are all time consuming tasks that can be supported by methodologies and tools. This paper focuses on the problem of record linkage or entity matching, tasks that can be very important in providing high quality data. Merging two or more large databases into a single integrated system is a difficult problem in many industries, especially in the wake of acquisitions. For example, managing customer lists can be challenging when duplicate entries, data entry problems, and changing information conspire to make data quality an elusive target. Common tasks with regard to customer lists include customer matching to reduce duplicate entries and household matching to group customers. These often O(n2) problems can consume significant resources, both in computing infrastructure and human oversight, and the goal of high accuracy in the final integrated database can be difficult to assure. This paper distinguishes between attribute corruption and entity corruption, discussing the various impacts on quality. A metajoin operator is proposed and used to organize past and current entity matching techniques. Finally, a logistic regression approach to implementing the metajoin operator is discussed and illustrated with an example. The metajoin can be used to determine whether two records match, don't match, or require further evaluation by human experts. Properly implemented, the metajoin operator could allow the integration of individual databases with greater accuracy and lower cost.

  18. Extracting biomedical events from pairs of text entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao; Bordes, Antoine; Grandvalet, Yves

    2015-01-01

    Huge amounts of electronic biomedical documents, such as molecular biology reports or genomic papers are generated daily. Nowadays, these documents are mainly available in the form of unstructured free texts, which require heavy processing for their registration into organized databases. This organization is instrumental for information retrieval, enabling to answer the advanced queries of researchers and practitioners in biology, medicine, and related fields. Hence, the massive data flow calls for efficient automatic methods of text-mining that extract high-level information, such as biomedical events, from biomedical text. The usual computational tools of Natural Language Processing cannot be readily applied to extract these biomedical events, due to the peculiarities of the domain. Indeed, biomedical documents contain highly domain-specific jargon and syntax. These documents also describe distinctive dependencies, making text-mining in molecular biology a specific discipline. We address biomedical event extraction as the classification of pairs of text entities into the classes corresponding to event types. The candidate pairs of text entities are recursively provided to a multiclass classifier relying on Support Vector Machines. This recursive process extracts events involving other events as arguments. Compared to joint models based on Markov Random Fields, our model simplifies inference and hence requires shorter training and prediction times along with lower memory capacity. Compared to usual pipeline approaches, our model passes over a complex intermediate problem, while making a more extensive usage of sophisticated joint features between text entities. Our method focuses on the core event extraction of the Genia task of BioNLP challenges yielding the best result reported so far on the 2013 edition.

  19. Named Entity Recognition in a Hungarian NL Based QA System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tikkl, Domonkos; Szidarovszky, P. Ferenc; Kardkovacs, Zsolt T.; Magyar, Gábor

    In WoW project our purpose is to create a complex search interface with the following features: search in the deep web content of contracted partners' databases, processing Hungarian natural language (NL) questions and transforming them to SQL queries for database access, image search supported by a visual thesaurus that describes in a structural form the visual content of images (also in Hungarian). This paper primarily focuses on a particular problem of question processing task: the entity recognition. Before going into details we give a short overview of the project's aims.

  20. Localized cystic disease of the kidney: a rare entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neyaz, Zafar; Kumar, Sunil; Lal, Hira; Kapoor, Rakesh

    2012-07-01

    Localized cystic disease of the kidney is a benign nonsurgical entity and presents with multiple cystic lesions in just one portion of the kidney or involves the entire one kidney. We report a case of localized cystic disease of the kidney in a 16 year-old-male. This patient underwent an ultrasound examination and incidentally found to have multiple cysts in the right kidney whereas the left kidney was normal. Diagnosis was confirmed by typical MRI findings, absence of any family history, normal results of urine analysis and renal function tests.

  1. Paragonimus westermani infection in lung: A confounding diagnostic entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivani Kalhan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Paragonimiasis is a food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by the genus Paragonimus. Fresh water snails, crabs, and crayfish are the first and second intermediate hosts, respectively. Humans acquire this infection by ingesting uncooked/undercooked crustaceans. Laboratory diagnosis of Paragonimiasis is done by demonstration of ova in the sputum/feces/pleural fluid or by serology. A case of pulmonary Paragonimiasis is presented herewith; the patient having been diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis earlier. The aim of this presentation is to highlight this entity so that it is considered in the differential diagnosis in a case of hemoptysis.

  2. Pott’s Puffy Tumor: An Uncommon Clinical Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip T. Suwan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Although first described in 1760, Pott’s puffy tumor is a lesser known clinical entity. Often seen as a complication of frontal sinusitis, Pott’s is a frontal bone osteomyelitis with an associated subperiosteal abscess. Patients present with a fluctuant swelling of the scalp. The diagnosis is often confirmed with computed tomography (CT. Prompt surgical and medical treatments are the rule as there is the potential for significant morbidity if not quickly diagnosed and treated. Herein, we describe the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of an 8-year-old female presenting with Pott’s puffy tumor.

  3. The general entity of life: a cybernetic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielecki, Andrzej

    2015-06-01

    Life, not only in the well-known context of biochemical metabolism but also in the context of hypothetical life synthesized laboratorially or possibly found on other planets, is considered in this paper. The three-component information-energetic-structural irreducible processing in autonomous systems is the core of the proposed approach. The cybernetic organization of a general entity of life--the alivon--is postulated. The crucial properties of life and evolution are derived from the proposed approach. Information encoded in biological structures is also studied.

  4. Monoclonal gammopathy associated membranous glomerulonephritis: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K K Gowda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 40-year-old male presented with nephrotic syndrome. Light microscopic analysis of the renal biopsy showed thickening of the glomerular capillary wall. Immunofluorescence examination revealed granular deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig G3-kappa and complement C3 along the glomerular basement membrane. Electron microscopy showed subepithelial electron dense deposits, thus confirming membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN with monoclonal gammopathy. MGN with monoclonal gammopathy is an extremely rare but distinctive entity. This patient was treated with a combination of bortezomib, thalidomide and dexamethasone and showed partial remission of his nephrotic state and dysproteinemia.

  5. Is undifferentiated spondyloarthritis a discrete entity? A debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deodhar, Atul; Miossec, Pierre; Baraliakos, Xenofon

    2018-01-01

    The concept of undifferentiated spondyloarthritis has been introduced recently to describe a clinical setting where the classical features of spondyloarthritis (SpA) are not fully present. Whether this is a discrete entity was the basis of a debate during the 4th International Congress on Controversies in Rheumatology & Autoimmunity held in Bologna, Italy 9-11 March 2017. The pro and con aspects of the debate are presented. The implications of the debate are important ranging from diagnostic aspects to consequences for the society and the payers. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Design of Multithreaded Software The Entity-Life Modeling Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Sandén, Bo I

    2011-01-01

    This book assumes familiarity with threads (in a language such as Ada, C#, or Java) and introduces the entity-life modeling (ELM) design approach for certain kinds of multithreaded software. ELM focuses on "reactive systems," which continuously interact with the problem environment. These "reactive systems" include embedded systems, as well as such interactive systems as cruise controllers and automated teller machines.Part I covers two fundamentals: program-language thread support and state diagramming. These are necessary for understanding ELM and are provided primarily for reference. P

  7. 75 FR 1699 - Addition of Certain Persons on the Entity List: Addition of Persons Acting Contrary to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ..., two Chinese entities; (c) By adding under Hong Kong, in alphabetical order, seven Hong Kong entities; (d) By adding under Malaysia, in alphabetical order, four Malaysian entities; (e) By adding under...

  8. Entity Framework 4.0 Recipes A Problem-solution Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Tenny, L

    2010-01-01

    Entity Framework 4.0 Recipes provides an exhaustive collection of ready-to-use code solutions for Microsoft's Entity Framework, Microsoft's vision for the future of data access. Entity Framework is a model-centric data access platform with an ocean of new concepts and patterns for developers to learn. With this book, you will learn the core concepts of Entity Framework through a broad range of clear and concise solutions to everyday data access tasks. Armed with this experience, you will be ready to dive deep into Entity Framework, experiment with new approaches, and develop ways to solve even

  9. Education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Belue, Lisa

    2002-01-01

    .... Unequal access to quality education leaves millions ill equipped for today's workplace. The "No Child Left Behind Act" is an effective point of departure, yet it too fails to adequately address the myriad issues affecting quality education...

  10. "Disease entity" as the key theoretical concept of medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hucklenbroich, Peter

    2014-12-01

    Philosophical debates about the concept of disease, particularly of mental disease, might benefit from reconsideration and a closer look at the established terminology and conceptual structure of contemporary medical pathology and clinical nosology. The concepts and principles of medicine differ, to a considerable extent, from the ideas and notions of philosophical theories of disease. In medical theory, the concepts of disease entity and pathologicity are, besides the concept of disease itself, of fundamental importance, and they are essentially connected to the concepts cause of disease or etiological factor, natural course or natural history of disease, and pathological disposition. It is the concept of disease entity that is of key importance for understanding medical pathology and theory of disease. Its central role is shown by a short reconstruction of its main features and its intrinsic connection to the concept of pathologicity. The meaning of pathologicity is elucidated by explicating the underlying criteria. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press, on behalf of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy Inc. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Of Pubic Ramus: A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashith Rao

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Aneurysmal bone cyst is an expansile, lytic, multiloculated, fluid filled cavities which usually occurs in the metaphysis of the long bones. ABC of the pubic ramus is a rare entity. Case Report: We present a case of a 21 year old male who presented with a swelling of the right inguinal region which was gradually progressive. Radiologically, there was a lytic expansile lesion of the superior pubic ramus. A contrast computed tomography revealed multiloculated cystic cavities and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of ABC. Surgical excision of the complete tumor by anterior approach was done. Till date (2 years since surgery patient has no recurrence. Conclusion: ABC of pubic ramus is a rare entity and other differentials should always be kept in mind with confirmation of diagnosis by histopathology. Treatment with surgical curettage and bone grafting the defect is curative in selective cases but in this case due to size and location excision is the choice of treatment. Keywords: Aneurysmal bone cyst, Pelvic bone, Pubic ramus, multiloculated.

  12. Green Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles via Biological Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monaliben Shah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nanotechnology is the creation, manipulation and use of materials at the nanometre size scale (1 to 100 nm. At this size scale there are significant differences in many material properties that are normally not seen in the same materials at larger scales. Although nanoscale materials can be produced using a variety of traditional physical and chemical processes, it is now possible to biologically synthesize materials via environment-friendly green chemistry based techniques. In recent years, the convergence between nanotechnology and biology has created the new field of nanobiotechnology that incorporates the use of biological entities such as actinomycetes algae, bacteria, fungi, viruses, yeasts, and plants in a number of biochemical and biophysical processes. The biological synthesis via nanobiotechnology processes have a significant potential to boost nanoparticles production without the use of harsh, toxic, and expensive chemicals commonly used in conventional physical and chemical processes. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of recent trends in synthesizing nanoparticles via biological entities and their potential applications.

  13. Intestinal Neuronal Dysplasia Type B in Adults: A Controversial Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasillis Vougas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal neuronal dysplasia (IND is a well-defined entity which raises controversy among authors, described as a congenital malformation of gastrointestinal innervation and caused by dysplastic embryonal development of the enteric nervous system. It is potentially associated with mild and chronic gastrointestinal motility disturbances. IND is rarely reported in adults and especially elderly patients. The present study reports on the case of a 71-year-old man suffering from longstanding idiopathic constipation and who was misdiagnosed for more than 60 years, despite several hospital admissions and a sigmoidectomy in the meantime. On the last admission, the patient presented with megacolon, abdominal pain and X-ray finding of bowel obstruction. Due to massive large bowel dilatation, an exploratory laparotomy failed to reveal any obvious mechanical cause, and a subtotal colectomy and Hartmann's procedure was performed. Bowel continuity was performed 3 months later. Analysis of full-thickness biopsies revealed enlarged myenteric and submucosal neurons as well as an increased number of giant cells and increased acetylcholinesterase activity in the mucosa. The diagnosis of IND was established. The main diagnostic criteria, the underlining pathophysiology and the recommended therapeutic approach of this rare entity are extensively reviewed.

  14. Green Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles via Biological Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Monaliben; Fawcett, Derek; Sharma, Shashi; Tripathy, Suraj Kumar; Poinern, Gérrard Eddy Jai

    2015-01-01

    Nanotechnology is the creation, manipulation and use of materials at the nanometre size scale (1 to 100 nm). At this size scale there are significant differences in many material properties that are normally not seen in the same materials at larger scales. Although nanoscale materials can be produced using a variety of traditional physical and chemical processes, it is now possible to biologically synthesize materials via environment-friendly green chemistry based techniques. In recent years, the convergence between nanotechnology and biology has created the new field of nanobiotechnology that incorporates the use of biological entities such as actinomycetes algae, bacteria, fungi, viruses, yeasts, and plants in a number of biochemical and biophysical processes. The biological synthesis via nanobiotechnology processes have a significant potential to boost nanoparticles production without the use of harsh, toxic, and expensive chemicals commonly used in conventional physical and chemical processes. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of recent trends in synthesizing nanoparticles via biological entities and their potential applications. PMID:28793638

  15. Evaluating Word Representation Features in Biomedical Named Entity Recognition Tasks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buzhou Tang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Biomedical Named Entity Recognition (BNER, which extracts important entities such as genes and proteins, is a crucial step of natural language processing in the biomedical domain. Various machine learning-based approaches have been applied to BNER tasks and showed good performance. In this paper, we systematically investigated three different types of word representation (WR features for BNER, including clustering-based representation, distributional representation, and word embeddings. We selected one algorithm from each of the three types of WR features and applied them to the JNLPBA and BioCreAtIvE II BNER tasks. Our results showed that all the three WR algorithms were beneficial to machine learning-based BNER systems. Moreover, combining these different types of WR features further improved BNER performance, indicating that they are complementary to each other. By combining all the three types of WR features, the improvements in F-measure on the BioCreAtIvE II GM and JNLPBA corpora were 3.75% and 1.39%, respectively, when compared with the systems using baseline features. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to systematically evaluate the effect of three different types of WR features for BNER tasks.

  16. A Kernel-Based Approach for Biomedical Named Entity Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Patra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Support vector machine (SVM is one of the popular machine learning techniques used in various text processing tasks including named entity recognition (NER. The performance of the SVM classifier largely depends on the appropriateness of the kernel function. In the last few years a number of task-specific kernel functions have been proposed and used in various text processing tasks, for example, string kernel, graph kernel, tree kernel and so on. So far very few efforts have been devoted to the development of NER task specific kernel. In the literature we found that the tree kernel has been used in NER task only for entity boundary detection or reannotation. The conventional tree kernel is unable to execute the complete NER task on its own. In this paper we have proposed a kernel function, motivated by the tree kernel, which is able to perform the complete NER task. To examine the effectiveness of the proposed kernel, we have applied the kernel function on the openly available JNLPBA 2004 data. Our kernel executes the complete NER task and achieves reasonable accuracy.

  17. Gliomatosis cerebri: no evidence for a separate brain tumor entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrlinger, Ulrich; Jones, David T W; Glas, Martin; Hattingen, Elke; Gramatzki, Dorothee; Stuplich, Moritz; Felsberg, Jörg; Bähr, Oliver; Gielen, Gerrit H; Simon, Matthias; Wiewrodt, Dorothee; Schabet, Martin; Hovestadt, Volker; Capper, David; Steinbach, Joachim P; von Deimling, Andreas; Lichter, Peter; Pfister, Stefan M; Weller, Michael; Reifenberger, Guido

    2016-02-01

    Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is presently considered a distinct astrocytic glioma entity according to the WHO classification for CNS tumors. It is characterized by widespread, typically bilateral infiltration of the brain involving three or more lobes. Genetic studies of GC have to date been restricted to the analysis of individual glioma-associated genes, which revealed mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and tumor protein p53 (TP53) genes in subsets of patients. Here, we report on a genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation and copy number aberrations in 25 GC patients. Results were compared with those obtained for 105 patients with various types of conventional, i.e., non-GC gliomas including diffuse astrocytic gliomas, oligodendrogliomas and glioblastomas. In addition, we assessed the prognostic role of methylation profiles and recurrent DNA copy number aberrations in GC patients. Our data reveal that the methylation profiles in 23 of the 25 GC tumors corresponded to either IDH mutant astrocytoma (n = 6), IDH mutant and 1p/19q codeleted oligodendroglioma (n = 5), or IDH wild-type glioblastoma including various molecular subgroups, i.e., H3F3A-G34 mutant (n = 1), receptor tyrosine kinase 1 (RTK1, n = 4), receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (classic) (RTK2, n = 2) or mesenchymal (n = 5) glioblastoma groups. Two tumors showed methylation profiles of normal brain tissue due to low tumor cell content. While histological grading (WHO grade IV vs. WHO grade II and III) was not prognostic, the molecular classification as classic/RTK2 or mesenchymal glioblastoma was associated with worse overall survival. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed MGMT promoter methylation as a positive prognostic factor. Taken together, DNA-based large-scale molecular profiling indicates that GC comprises a genetically and epigenetically heterogeneous group of diffuse gliomas that carry DNA methylation and copy number profiles closely matching the common molecularly

  18. Bayesian Modeling of Temporal Coherence in Videos for Entity Discovery and Summarization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Adway; Biswas, Soma; Bhattacharyya, Chiranjib

    2017-03-01

    A video is understood by users in terms of entities present in it. Entity Discovery is the task of building appearance model for each entity (e.g., a person), and finding all its occurrences in the video. We represent a video as a sequence of tracklets, each spanning 10-20 frames, and associated with one entity. We pose Entity Discovery as tracklet clustering, and approach it by leveraging Temporal Coherence (TC): the property that temporally neighboring tracklets are likely to be associated with the same entity. Our major contributions are the first Bayesian nonparametric models for TC at tracklet-level. We extend Chinese Restaurant Process (CRP) to TC-CRP, and further to Temporally Coherent Chinese Restaurant Franchise (TC-CRF) to jointly model entities and temporal segments using mixture components and sparse distributions. For discovering persons in TV serial videos without meta-data like scripts, these methods show considerable improvement over state-of-the-art approaches to tracklet clustering in terms of clustering accuracy, cluster purity and entity coverage. The proposed methods can perform online tracklet clustering on streaming videos unlike existing approaches, and can automatically reject false tracklets. Finally we discuss entity-driven video summarization- where temporal segments of the video are selected based on the discovered entities, to create a semantically meaningful summary.

  19. Enhancement of chemical entity identification in text using semantic similarity validation.

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    Tiago Grego

    Full Text Available With the amount of chemical data being produced and reported in the literature growing at a fast pace, it is increasingly important to efficiently retrieve this information. To tackle this issue text mining tools have been applied, but despite their good performance they still provide many errors that we believe can be filtered by using semantic similarity. Thus, this paper proposes a novel method that receives the results of chemical entity identification systems, such as Whatizit, and exploits the semantic relationships in ChEBI to measure the similarity between the entities found in the text. The method assigns a single validation score to each entity based on its similarities with the other entities also identified in the text. Then, by using a given threshold, the method selects a set of validated entities and a set of outlier entities. We evaluated our method using the results of two state-of-the-art chemical entity identification tools, three semantic similarity measures and two text window sizes. The method was able to increase precision without filtering a significant number of correctly identified entities. This means that the method can effectively discriminate the correctly identified chemical entities, while discarding a significant number of identification errors. For example, selecting a validation set with 75% of all identified entities, we were able to increase the precision by 28% for one of the chemical entity identification tools (Whatizit, maintaining in that subset 97% the correctly identified entities. Our method can be directly used as an add-on by any state-of-the-art entity identification tool that provides mappings to a database, in order to improve their results. The proposed method is included in a freely accessible web tool at www.lasige.di.fc.ul.pt/webtools/ice/.

  20. Dysphonic Occupational Syndrome: New Aspects of this Nosological Entity

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    Pontes, Paulo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Teachers often have vocal disorders that benefit from preventive measures. Objective: To determine the prevalence of the syndrome in dysphonic teachers and check the evolution of this index with the techniques of primary prevention. Method: We performed a cross-sectional study of teachers in two different periods: in the first 101 teachers and participated in phase 2, 148 teachers. These two groups was administered the questionnaire prepared by the tripartite commission on regulation of the professional voice. Results: The prevalence of the syndrome dysphonic in the first phase was 70.3%, while the second stage was 57.59%. Conclusion: 1st dysphonic the prevalence of the syndrome was significantly decreased with the implementation of preventive and medical control of work organization. 2nd dysphonic syndrome is a new nosological entity. Cross-sectional epidemiological study. Study series.

  1. Sub-micrometer fluidic channel for measuring photon emitting entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavis, Samuel M; Edel, Joshua B; Samiee, Kevan T; Craighead, Harold G

    2014-11-18

    A nanofluidic channel fabricated in fused silica with an approximately 500 nm square cross section was used to isolate, detect and identify individual quantum dot conjugates. The channel enables the rapid detection of every fluorescent entity in solution. A laser of selected wavelength was used to excite multiple species of quantum dots and organic molecules, and the emission spectra were resolved without significant signal rejection. Quantum dots were then conjugated with organic molecules and detected to demonstrate efficient multicolor detection. PCH was used to analyze coincident detection and to characterize the degree of binding. The use of a small fluidic channel to detect quantum dots as fluorescent labels was shown to be an efficient technique for multiplexed single molecule studies. Detection of single molecule binding events has a variety of applications including high throughput immunoassays.

  2. Evolving concepts of chronic traumatic encephalopathy as a neuropathological entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, H; Neal, J W; Revesz, T

    2017-10-01

    Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a long-term neurodegenerative consequence of repetitive head impacts which can only be definitively diagnosed in post-mortem. Recently, the consensus neuropathological criteria for the diagnosis of CTE was published requiring the presence of the accumulation of abnormal tau in neurons and astroglia distributed around small blood vessels at the depths of cortical sulci in an irregular pattern as the mandatory features. The clinical diagnosis and antemortem prediction of CTE pathology remain challenging if not impossible due to the common co-existing underlying neurodegenerative pathologies and the lack of specific clinical pointers and reliable biomarkers. This review summarizes the historical evolution of CTE as a neuropathological entity and highlights the latest advances and future directions of research studies on the topic of CTE. © 2017 British Neuropathological Society.

  3. Clinicopathologic diagnostic criteria of an enigmatic entity: Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia

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    Ramnarayan Belur Krishna Prasad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL is a rare, unique type of oral leukoplakia, which is enigmatic in etiology and behaves in a far more aggressive fashion than other forms of leukoplakia. Diagnosis is often late with the disease in an advanced stage when it is especially refractory to treatment. There are no definite criteria that dictate how extensive the leukoplakic changes should be, how many or which oral subsites should be involved, or how many recurrences should have occurred, in order to qualify for the diagnosis of PVL. The lack of definitive diagnostic criteria is the prime reason for PVL not being treated appropriately and in a timely fashion, thereby leading to the very concept of PVL being questioned. This article discusses the various clinicopathologic diagnostic criteria for this enigmatic entity and also reports a case of PVL in a 73-year-old female.

  4. SALES BUDGET - MANAGEMENT TOOL IN BUSINESS BACKGROUND ENTITY

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    Cristina-Otilia, ȚENOVICI

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Budget as a management tool is used to size the activity of forecasting the financial and accounting terms and in terms of economic efficiency, the allocation and use of resources to an entity in a particular reporting period, that aims to achieve the necessary expenses and income achieved, establishing this and the powers and responsibilities relating to the efficient use of these resources. Sales budgeting should be given special attention given the correlation and the influence of these predictions with other budgets namely production budget; supplies budget; investment budget; budget overheads; treasury budget. There should be understood that estimates of other budgets are not related or that there are no dependencies between them.

  5. The environment ontology: contextualising biological and biomedical entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    As biological and biomedical research increasingly reference the environmental context of the biological entities under study, the need for formalisation and standardisation of environment descriptors is growing. The Environment Ontology (ENVO; http://www.environmentontology.org) is a community-led, open project which seeks to provide an ontology for specifying a wide range of environments relevant to multiple life science disciplines and, through an open participation model, to accommodate the terminological requirements of all those needing to annotate data using ontology classes. This paper summarises ENVO’s motivation, content, structure, adoption, and governance approach. The ontology is available from http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/envo.owl - an OBO format version is also available by switching the file suffix to “obo”. PMID:24330602

  6. CONCEPTUAL AND ACCOUNTING ASPECTS RELATING CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS IN PUBLIC ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ţenovici Cristina Otilia

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Subsequent to the nature of activities performed in construction contracts, the date on which contract execution begins and the date of its completion generate two major issues in accountancy. The former issue occurs as a result of the fact that most construction contracts concluded by public sector entities do not specify the value of revenues under the contracts and accountancy therefore must find solutions for the way to allocate contract costs for the reporting periods of time when work was rendered and related expenses were recognized. The latter issue occurs when construction contracts were concluded on a commercial or non-commercial basis while recuperating partial or total costs, an issue which accounting has to settle in relation with the allocation of contract revenues and contract costs of reporting periods during which work was performed.

  7. Papillary tumor of pineal region: A rare entity

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    Meena Patil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pineal tumors comprise 0.4-1.0% of intracranial space occupying lesions in adults. Papillary tumor of pineal region (PTPR is a very rare entity. It has been newly described in WHO 2007 classification of brain tumors. Only a few case reports are available in the literature. We report a case of a 60-year-old female presenting with headache, giddiness and reduced vision. Imaging studies showed a pineal mass with areas of hemorrhage. All ventricles were normal. There was a past history of a pineal gland tumor excised 2 years ago. This case is being reported for its rarity and aggressiveness in the form of recurrence. Limited/available immunohistochemistry workup has been done.

  8. Unexpected Perinatal Loss versus Sids-a Common Neuropathologic Entity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matturri, Luigi; Mauri, Maria; Elena Ferrero, Maria; Lavezzi, Anna Maria

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the involvement of alterations of the central autonomic nervous system, particularly of the brainstem and cerebellum, in a wide set of victims of sudden and unexplained perinatal and infant death. Material and Methods: The study population consisted of 63 stillbirths, 28 neonatal deaths and 140 suspected SIDS. The victims were subjected to in-depth anatomopathological examination following appropriate guidelines. The protocol included, in particular, the histological evaluation on serial sections of the cardiorespiratory autonomic nervous system. Results: A diagnosis of “unexplained death” was established for 217 of the 231 victims (59 stillbirths, 28 newborns and 130 SIDS). In a very high percentage of these deaths (84%) we observed one or more anomalies of the nuclei and/or structures of the brainstem and cerebellum related to vital functions. Conclusion: Unexpected perinatal loss should not be regarded as a separate entity from SIDS, given the common neuropathological substrates. PMID:19018308

  9. Patellar chondral defects: a review of a challenging entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouzopoulos, George; Borbon, Carlo; Siebold, Rainer

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this study was to perform a review of the management of patellar cartilage defects, identify prognostic factors for better clinical outcomes, and propose a treatment algorithm of this challenging entity. We conducted a review of multiple databases, evaluating the clinical outcomes after patellar cartilage lesion treatment. Because of the heterogeneity of data, a meta-analysis could not be performed. Twelve studies were identified for inclusion. Based on the clinical outcomes of these studies, a treatment algorithm was proposed. The clinical outcomes after patellar cartilage defects repair depend on the location and size of the articular defect, the age of the patient, the successful reconstruction of the patellar ridge, the repair of extensor mechanism malalignment, and the coexistence of chondromalacia. The optimal treatment for cartilaginous defects of the patella is still elusive. More prospective studies are needed, in order to identify which techniques are cost-effective especially on a long-term basis.

  10. CREATIVE ACCOUNTING TECHNIQUES ON EQUITY AND LIABILITIES TO TOURISM ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luminita PAIUSAN

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Our research is topical in the context in which accounting takes an increasingly important role in the social life of each individual and implicitly of the society it belongs to and aims to present the alternative accounting concepts and practices of creative accounting on equity and liabilities to tourism entities. In determining the arguments to justify the real need for knowledge in this area we must delineate the research field Creative Accounting. In this sense, the research envisaged a systematization and reconsideration as well a synthesis and antithesis of the concepts presented on this topic in the specialized literature, in the regulations of various professional bodies and authorities. The knowledge of the patrimonial system, of its capacity to generate profits at a time is insured with both accounting and an accurate and effective control.

  11. A Chinese Named Entity Recognition System with Neural Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Hui-Kang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Named entity recognition (NER is a typical sequential labeling problem that plays an important role in natural language processing (NLP systems. In this paper, we discussed the details of applying a comprehensive model aggregating neural networks and conditional random field (CRF on Chinese NER tasks, and how to discovery character level features when implement a NER system in word level. We compared the difference between Chinese and English when modeling the character embeddings. We developed a NER system based on our analysis, it works well on the ACE 2004 and SIGHAN bakeoff 2006 MSRA dataset, and doesn’t rely on any gazetteers or handcraft features. We obtained F1 score of 82.3% on MSRA 2006.

  12. Isolated nonpulsatile enophthalmos in neurofibromatosis: An uncommon entity

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    Swati Singh

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Isolated enophthalmos is a rarely observed entity in neurofibromatosis (NF. A 12-year-old male presented with right lower eyelid fat prolapse and enophthalmos for the past 7 years. There was no history of antecedent trauma/surgery. Computed tomography of orbit revealed an ill-defined intraconal hyperdense lesion located between lateral and inferior rectus along with an enlarged inferior orbital fissure (IOF. Superior orbital fissure was minimally widened without prolapse of any intracranial contents. Excision biopsy along with repair of widened IOF was performed through inferior transconjunctival route. Histopathology was suggestive of plexiform neurofibroma with positivity for S-100 and epithelial membrane antigen. No associated cutaneous lesions were present. Nonpulsatile enophthalmos with eyelid fat prolapse can be a presenting sign of NF.

  13. The environment ontology: contextualising biological and biomedical entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Morrison, Norman; Smith, Barry; Mungall, Christopher J; Lewis, Suzanna E

    2013-12-11

    As biological and biomedical research increasingly reference the environmental context of the biological entities under study, the need for formalisation and standardisation of environment descriptors is growing. The Environment Ontology (ENVO; http://www.environmentontology.org) is a community-led, open project which seeks to provide an ontology for specifying a wide range of environments relevant to multiple life science disciplines and, through an open participation model, to accommodate the terminological requirements of all those needing to annotate data using ontology classes. This paper summarises ENVO's motivation, content, structure, adoption, and governance approach. The ontology is available from http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/envo.owl - an OBO format version is also available by switching the file suffix to "obo".

  14. Cytomorphology of unusual infectious entities in the Pap test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalbuss, Walid E.; Michelow, Pam; Benedict, Cynthia; Monaco, Sara E.; Pantanowitz, Liron

    2012-01-01

    Rare entities in the Pap test, including neoplastic and non-neoplastic conditions, pose challenges due to their infrequent occurrence in the daily practice of cytology. Furthermore, these conditions give rise to important diagnostic pitfalls. Infections such as tuberculosis cervicitis may be erroneously diagnosed as carcinoma, whereas others, such as schistosomiasis, are associated with squamous cell carcinoma. These cases include granuloma inguinale (donovanosis), tuberculosis, coccidioidomycosis, schistosomiasis, taeniasis, and molluscum contagiosum diagnosed in Pap tests. Granuloma inguinale shows histiocytes that contain intracytoplasmic bacteria (Donovan bodies). Tuberculosis is characterized by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation with Langhans-multinucleated giant cells. Coccidioidomycosis may show large intact or ruptured fungal spherules associated with endospores. Schistosoma haematobium is diagnosed by finding characteristic ova with a terminal spine. Molluscum contagiosum is characterized by the appearance of squamous cells with molluscum bodies. This article reviews the cytomorphology of selected rare infections and focuses on their cytomorphology, differential diagnosis, and role of ancillary diagnostic studies. PMID:22919422

  15. Cytomorphology of unusual infectious entities in the Pap test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walid E Khalbuss

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rare entities in the Pap test, including neoplastic and non-neoplastic conditions, pose challenges due to their infrequent occurrence in the daily practice of cytology. Furthermore, these conditions give rise to important diagnostic pitfalls. Infections such as tuberculosis cervicitis may be erroneously diagnosed as carcinoma, whereas others, such as schistosomiasis, are associated with squamous cell carcinoma. These cases include granuloma inguinale (donovanosis, tuberculosis, coccidioidomycosis, schistosomiasis, taeniasis, and molluscum contagiosum diagnosed in Pap tests. Granuloma inguinale shows histiocytes that contain intracytoplasmic bacteria (Donovan bodies. Tuberculosis is characterized by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation with Langhans-multinucleated giant cells. Coccidioidomycosis may show large intact or ruptured fungal spherules associated with endospores. Schistosoma haematobium is diagnosed by finding characteristic ova with a terminal spine. Molluscum contagiosum is characterized by the appearance of squamous cells with molluscum bodies. This article reviews the cytomorphology of selected rare infections and focuses on their cytomorphology, differential diagnosis, and role of ancillary diagnostic studies.

  16. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and ultra-endurance running - two incompatible entities?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Mathew G

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Regular and prolonged exercise is associated with increased left ventricular wall thickness that can overlap with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM. Differentiating physiological from pathological hypertrophy has important implications, since HCM is the commonest cause of exercise-related sudden cardiac death in young individuals. Most deaths have been reported in intermittent 'start-stop' sports such as football (soccer and basketball. The theory is that individuals with HCM are unable to augment stroke volume sufficiently to meet the demands of endurance sports and are accordingly 'selected-out' of participation in such events. We report the case of an ultra-endurance athlete with 25 years of > 50 km competitive running experience, with genetically confirmed HCM; thereby demonstrating that these can be two compatible entities.

  17. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and ultra-endurance running - two incompatible entities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Mathew G; Chandra, Navin; Papadakis, Michael; O'Hanlon, Rory; Prasad, Sanjay K; Sharma, Sanjay

    2011-11-29

    Regular and prolonged exercise is associated with increased left ventricular wall thickness that can overlap with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Differentiating physiological from pathological hypertrophy has important implications, since HCM is the commonest cause of exercise-related sudden cardiac death in young individuals. Most deaths have been reported in intermittent 'start-stop' sports such as football (soccer) and basketball. The theory is that individuals with HCM are unable to augment stroke volume sufficiently to meet the demands of endurance sports and are accordingly 'selected-out' of participation in such events. We report the case of an ultra-endurance athlete with 25 years of > 50 km competitive running experience, with genetically confirmed HCM; thereby demonstrating that these can be two compatible entities.

  18. The Study of Graininess for Tibetan Named Entity Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Fei-Fei

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tibetan named entity recognition (NER, which is a fundamental part in Tibetan natural language processing, is the important subtask of Information extraction. In this paper, we surveyed the methods, effect and problems of Tibetan NER. And we discussed which kind of tokens that should be taken as the graininess for Tibetan NER task. The paper used two kinds of different graininess in a comparative experiment for Tibetan person names, location names and organization names, based on syllables, or based on words. From the result, we know that the person names based on syllable have better result than that based on words. Location names have small difference while species differ. But the organization names are more suitable based on words.

  19. 2016 in review: FDA approvals of new molecular entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griesenauer, Rebekah H; Kinch, Michael S

    2017-11-01

    An overview of drugs approved by FDA in 2016 reveals dramatic disruptions in long-term trends. The number of new molecular entities (NMEs) dropped, reflecting the lowest rate of small-molecule approvals observed in almost five decades. In addition, the pace of industry consolidation slowed substantially. The impact of mergers and acquisitions decreased the total number of organizations with past approval experience and continued research and development (R&D) activities to 102, divided evenly between more established pharmaceutical and newer biotechnology companies. Despite these substantial differences, the industry continued to pursue regulatory incentives, as evidenced by a continued increase in the fraction of NMEs approved using an orphan or priority designation, and almost all oncology drugs approved in 2016 utilized these mechanisms. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. PROCUREMENT ACTIVITIES OF ECONOMIC ENTITIES IN THE MARKET ECONOMY

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    E. A. Starozhuk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the topic chosen due to the current state of organization of purchasing activity of economic entities, which has undergone significant changes in the conditions of market economy. These changes consist in the fact that instead of the stock distribution of goods under the planned centralized system of economic management, the system of centralized customer attachment to the suppliers of solid state prices, the inequality of economic entities, tight regulation of supply of goods, came the era of free market relations.In the first part of the article provides an overview of contemporary works of authors and their views on the procurement activities of organizations and enterprises.The second part of the article describes the direction, the form of procurement enterprises, taking into account the peculiarities of their development and functioning.The first phase of the study was to identify the basic definitions of procurement enterprises in difficult socio-economic conditions. The second phase of the study was to determine the ranking of factors procurement activities.The purpose / goal. The aim of the article is to analyze the purchasing activities of the enterprises; study the best ways of functioning of the enterprises in order to achieve high economic efficiency through the development of the process of procurement.Methodology. The methodological basis of this article are the economic and statistical methods  of analysis, legal documents  in the area of procurement, public analyzes of the development of economic structures.Conclusions / relevance. The practical significance of the work lies in the provisions of the orientation, the findings and the rationale of the provisions of procurement that can be used by the legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation in the current activity.

  1. Allergic fungal rhino sinusitis with granulomas: A new entity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Rijuneeta; Gupta, Ashok K; Patro, Sourabha Kumar; Yadav, Jagveer; Chakrabarti, Arunaloke; Das, Ashim; Chatterjee, Debajyoti

    2015-08-01

    Allergic fungal rhino sinusitis (AFS) is classically described as allergic manifestation to the fungal antigen present in sinuses with no evidence of invasion. Granulomas in histopathology, suspicious of invasion, are occasionally observed in AFS and the disease in these patients behaves like invasive fungal sinusitis even without histologic evidence of invasion. We retrospectively studied AFS patients to analyze whether AFS should be continued to be designated as an allergic entity. AFS patients operated from January 2009 to July 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Of the total 57 cases operated in last 4 years, nine showing presence of granuloma in histology were included in the AFS with granuloma Group (group 1) and the rest 48 were included in the AFS group (group 2). Both the groups were compared in terms of various parameters at presentation, treatment course and rate of recurrence. Group 1 had significantly high rates of orbital erosion (P = .000), with positive association of skull base erosion (P = .092) and high rates of telecanthus (P = .000), diplopia (P = .000), proptosis (P = .161) and facial pain. Recurrent surgery was needed in 8 of 9 patients in the group 1 as compared to 1 of 48 patients group 2. Granulomas suggests a more severe disease with a trend toward the invasive fungal sinusitis and alerts the clinician regarding the nature of progression. AFS seems to be a part of a continuous spectrum of fungal sinusitis rather than an allergic form as a distinct entity. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Catatonia as a putative nosological entity: A historical sketch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazdag, Gábor; Takács, Rozalia; Ungvari, Gabor S

    2017-09-22

    Kahlbaum was the first to propose catatonia as a separate disease following the example of general paresis of the insane, which served as a model for establishing a nosological entity. However, Kahlbaum was uncertain about the nosological position of catatonia and considered it a syndrome, or "a temporary stage or a part of a complex picture of various disease forms". Until recently, the issue of catatonia as a separate diagnostic category was not entertained, mainly due to a misinterpretation of Kraepelin's influential views on catatonia as a subtype of schizophrenia. Kraepelin concluded that patients presenting with persistent catatonic symptoms, which he called "genuine catatonic morbid symptoms", particularly including negativism, bizarre mannerisms, and stereotypes, had a poor prognosis similar to those of paranoid and hebephrenic presentations. Accordingly, catatonia was classified as a subtype of dementia praecox/schizophrenia. Despite Kraepelin's influence on psychiatric nosology throughout the 20(th) century, there have only been isolated attempts to describe and classify catatonia outside of the Kraepelinian system. For example, the Wernicke-Kleist-Leonhard school attempted to comprehensively elucidate the complexities of psychomotor disturbances associated with major psychoses. However, the Leonhardian categories have never been subjected to the scrutiny of modern investigations. The first three editions of the DSM included the narrow and simplified version of Kraepelin's catatonia concept. Recent developments in catatonia research are reflected in DSM-5, which includes three diagnostic categories: Catatonic Disorder due to Another Medical Condition, Catatonia Associated with another Mental Disorder (Catatonia Specifier), and Unspecified Catatonia. Additionally, the traditional category of catatonic schizophrenia has been deleted. The Unspecified Catatonia category could encourage research exploring catatonia as an independent diagnostic entity.

  3. Education

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Kin Bing

    2010-01-01

    In the aftermath of the Wenchuan earthquake, measures to restore education will be a critical part of the recovery efforts in Sichuan province. The education system can play an important role in both: (i) minimizing the impact of the disaster on children; and (ii) improving disaster preparedness. To help restore normalcy for children and provide them with physical and psychological assista...

  4. Adapting Web content for low-literacy readers by using lexical elaboration and named entities labeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, W. M.; Candido, A.; Amâncio, M. A.; De Oliveira, M.; Pardo, T. A. S.; Fortes, R. P. M.; Aluísio, S. M.

    2010-12-01

    This paper presents an approach for assisting low-literacy readers in accessing Web online information. The "Educational FACILITA" tool is a Web content adaptation tool that provides innovative features and follows more intuitive interaction models regarding accessibility concerns. Especially, we propose an interaction model and a Web application that explore the natural language processing tasks of lexical elaboration and named entity labeling for improving Web accessibility. We report on the results obtained from a pilot study on usability analysis carried out with low-literacy users. The preliminary results show that "Educational FACILITA" improves the comprehension of text elements, although the assistance mechanisms might also confuse users when word sense ambiguity is introduced, by gathering, for a complex word, a list of synonyms with multiple meanings. This fact evokes a future solution in which the correct sense for a complex word in a sentence is identified, solving this pervasive characteristic of natural languages. The pilot study also identified that experienced computer users find the tool to be more useful than novice computer users do.

  5. La enseñanza de la lengua inglesa en el sistema educativo español: de la legislación al aula como entidad social (1970-2000. // English Language Teaching in the Spanish educational system: from legislation to the classroom as a social entity (1970-2000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Barbero Andrés

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available (ES Los cambios sociales experimentados por nuestro país en las últimas tres décadas del siglo XX alcanzan de forma ineludible el ámbito educativo. Si asumimos como válida la premisa de que el microcosmos educativo y, concretamente, el ámbito curricular de la lengua inglesa acompasan su evolución a los cambios mencionados podríamos afirmar que el ámbito escolar reproduce, al tiempo que resiste y transforma, el tipo de relaciones que caracterizan la sociedad en la que se inscribe. // (EN The social changes which our country has gone through in the last three decades of the twentieth century inevitably reach the educational field. If we assume the premise that the educational microcosms and, more specifically, the English Language curriculum, levels its evolution to the already mentioned changes, we can state that the educational field reproduces, resists and transforms, the relationships which characterize the society it is inscribed in.

  6. 77 FR 37806 - Disregarded Entities and the Indoor Tanning Services Excise Tax

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ...This document contains final and temporary regulations relating to disregarded entities (including qualified subchapter S subsidiaries) and the indoor tanning services excise tax. These regulations affect disregarded entities responsible for collecting the indoor tanning services excise tax and owners of those disregarded entities. The text of these temporary regulations serves as the text of proposed regulations (REG-125570-11) published in the Proposed Rules section in this issue of the Federal Register.

  7. 77 FR 37838 - Disregarded Entities and the Indoor Tanning Services Excise Tax

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ...In the Rules and Regulations section of this issue of the Federal Register, the IRS is issuing temporary regulations relating to disregarded entities (including qualified subchapter S subsidiaries) and the indoor tanning services excise tax. These regulations affect disregarded entities responsible for collecting the indoor tanning services excise tax and owners of those disregarded entities. The text of the temporary regulations also serves as the text of the proposed regulations.

  8. Effective development of the entities on the basis of forecasting of financial and economic activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. I. Shanin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In article, the questions connected with approach on effective development of industrial enterprises on the example of the furniture entities are considered. Effective development of the entities is directed to cost reduction in case of production and implementation of products, for improvement of indicators of financial and economic activities. The research is conducted on the example of the furniture entities of the Voronezh region and Krasnodar Krai. Any entity constantly uses these or those resources connected with material, labor and finance costs. All resources, which are consumed during a certain production cycle, create a cost budget or the expense plan of the entity, which are the most important economic indicators of activities of any entity. Not always at the entities the attention is properly paid to forecasting of production expenses for a further stage of functioning. Most the entities will organize the activities in such a way that current plans pass from year to year, and at the same time the alternative ways directed to cost reduction in case of production and further sales of products aren't considered. Any entity needs forecasting and planning of costs for the following production stages, for the purposes of innovative development and effective functioning of productive activity of the entity. First, it is necessary for assessment of opportunities when financing productive activity and for further scheduling of expenses, directed to cost reduction and cost reallocation. Having analysed activities of the entities and having studied accounting (financial records, it is revealed that at the entities in 2015 in comparison with 2014, there was a decrease in outputs, but at the same time, the loss is observed. Based on the carried-out analysis, on the example of financial and economic activities of JSC GRAFSKOYE and JSC GKMF, conclusions are drawn, cost reduction allowances in case of production are revealed, and recommendations in

  9. The Transversal Organization of the Economic Entities of the Coal Mining Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ileana Sorina (Rakos) Boca; Sorinel Capusneanu; Dana Maria Oprea; Anamaria Tepes Bobescu

    2013-01-01

    This article demonstrates the possibilities of transversal organization of mining economic entities in Romania. Objectives of economic entities are described and steps to take in order to realize transversal organizing according to the specific of Activity-Based Costing method. All methodology of transversal organization is adapted to the specific of Romanian mining economic entities. In the transversal organizational stages were considered the conclusions of the implementation team. The arti...

  10. Anatomical entity recognition with a hierarchical framework augmented by external resources.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Xu

    Full Text Available References to anatomical entities in medical records consist not only of explicit references to anatomical locations, but also other diverse types of expressions, such as specific diseases, clinical tests, clinical treatments, which constitute implicit references to anatomical entities. In order to identify these implicit anatomical entities, we propose a hierarchical framework, in which two layers of named entity recognizers (NERs work in a cooperative manner. Each of the NERs is implemented using the Conditional Random Fields (CRF model, which use a range of external resources to generate features. We constructed a dictionary of anatomical entity expressions by exploiting four existing resources, i.e., UMLS, MeSH, RadLex and BodyPart3D, and supplemented information from two external knowledge bases, i.e., Wikipedia and WordNet, to improve inference of anatomical entities from implicit expressions. Experiments conducted on 300 discharge summaries showed a micro-averaged performance of 0.8509 Precision, 0.7796 Recall and 0.8137 F1 for explicit anatomical entity recognition, and 0.8695 Precision, 0.6893 Recall and 0.7690 F1 for implicit anatomical entity recognition. The use of the hierarchical framework, which combines the recognition of named entities of various types (diseases, clinical tests, treatments with information embedded in external knowledge bases, resulted in a 5.08% increment in F1. The resources constructed for this research will be made publicly available.

  11. Entity information life cycle for big data master data management and information integration

    CERN Document Server

    Talburt, John R

    2015-01-01

    Entity Information Life Cycle for Big Data walks you through the ins and outs of managing entity information so you can successfully achieve master data management (MDM) in the era of big data. This book explains big data's impact on MDM and the critical role of entity information management system (EIMS) in successful MDM. Expert authors Dr. John R. Talburt and Dr. Yinle Zhou provide a thorough background in the principles of managing the entity information life cycle and provide practical tips and techniques for implementing an EIMS, strategies for exploiting distributed processing to hand

  12. The Arts in Turkish Preschool Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acer, Dilek

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important factors determining a nation's level of development in the modern world is preschool education. When preschool education is perceived as an entity that affects every aspect of childhood development, this fact is undeniable. Several aspects of preschool education, including art education, play a significant role in a…

  13. Globalisation, Transnational Policies and Adult Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milana, Marcella

    2012-01-01

    Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education--This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper…

  14. DOING BUSINESS IN ROMANIA - PART I: PERSPECTIVES ON THE TYPES OF DOING BUSINESS. TYPES OF INDIVIDUAL AND COMPANY ENTITIES WITHOUT LEGAL PERSONALITY. TYPES OF ENTITIES WITH LEGAL PERSONALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica Diana APAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis in the present study integrates the types of trading entities in order to clearly determine them. A first reference theme when setting-up a business is that of the legal personality it would take. The new Civil Code, acting as common law in the field of trading entities, determines the realignment and balancing of the regulations on types of business. Company Law 31 of 1990 preserves the types of trading entities with legal personality regulated here: general partnership, limited partnership, limited partnership by shares, limited liability company, joint-stock company. The simple partnership which can gain legal personality is widely regulated, and for the partnership are mainly preserved the landmarks drawn by the Commercial Code of 1886 that is presently repealed. In conclusion, the present study analyses and answers the question – who are the legal trading entities and what are the regulated types of business.

  15. Various criteria in the evaluation of biomedical named entity recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Yu-Chun

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Text mining in the biomedical domain is receiving increasing attention. A key component of this process is named entity recognition (NER. Generally speaking, two annotated corpora, GENIA and GENETAG, are most frequently used for training and testing biomedical named entity recognition (Bio-NER systems. JNLPBA and BioCreAtIvE are two major Bio-NER tasks using these corpora. Both tasks take different approaches to corpus annotation and use different matching criteria to evaluate system performance. This paper details these differences and describes alternative criteria. We then examine the impact of different criteria and annotation schemes on system performance by retesting systems participated in the above two tasks. Results To analyze the difference between JNLPBA's and BioCreAtIvE's evaluation, we conduct Experiment 1 to evaluate the top four JNLPBA systems using BioCreAtIvE's classification scheme. We then compare them with the top four BioCreAtIvE systems. Among them, three systems participated in both tasks, and each has an F-score lower on JNLPBA than on BioCreAtIvE. In Experiment 2, we apply hypothesis testing and correlation coefficient to find alternatives to BioCreAtIvE's evaluation scheme. It shows that right-match and left-match criteria have no significant difference with BioCreAtIvE. In Experiment 3, we propose a customized relaxed-match criterion that uses right match and merges JNLPBA's five NE classes into two, which achieves an F-score of 81.5%. In Experiment 4, we evaluate a range of five matching criteria from loose to strict on the top JNLPBA system and examine the percentage of false negatives. Our experiment gives the relative change in precision, recall and F-score as matching criteria are relaxed. Conclusion In many applications, biomedical NEs could have several acceptable tags, which might just differ in their left or right boundaries. However, most corpora annotate only one of them. In our

  16. Eosinophilic esophagitis: A relevant entity for the otolaryngologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Górriz-Gil, Carmen; Villarreal, Ithzel M; Álvarez-Montero, Óscar; Rodríguez-Valiente, Antonio; Magaz, Marta; García-Berrocal, José R

    2016-01-01

    Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a recently recognised pathologic entity whose prevalence has risen significantly since it was first described. Its diagnosis represents a challenge for different medical specialties, among which ENT specialists play an important role. Clinical suspicion in a patient with recurrent food impaction or a child with eating disorders and history of hypersensitivity constitutes the first warning sign of a possible EE. The purpose of this review is to highlight EE as a possible differential diagnosis in patients with deglutition disorders and describe the possible clinical symptoms that should alert the ENT specialist to perform appropriate diagnostic tests and procedures. The transnasal esophagoscopy, performed in-office by the ENT, is ideal for reducing possible underdiagnosed cases. Given the fact that an ENT specialist will evaluate a great many patients with deglutition disorders, it is paramount for possible EE cases to be suspected and recognised so that a correct multidisciplinary approach involving not only ENT specialists but also paediatricians, gastroenterologists, allergologists and pathologists can be established. Identifying the dietary component responsible for the esophageal inflammation and removing that food from the patient's diet is the key in the treatment of this immune-mediated disease. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.

  17. Zoonoses As Ecological Entities: A Case Review of Plague.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeppelini, Caio Graco; de Almeida, Alzira Maria Paiva; Cordeiro-Estrela, Pedro

    2016-10-01

    As a zoonosis, Plague is also an ecological entity, a complex system of ecological interactions between the pathogen, the hosts, and the spatiotemporal variations of its ecosystems. Five reservoir system models have been proposed: (i) assemblages of small mammals with different levels of susceptibility and roles in the maintenance and amplification of the cycle; (ii) species-specific chronic infection models; (ii) flea vectors as the true reservoirs; (iii) Telluric Plague, and (iv) a metapopulation arrangement for species with a discrete spatial organization, following a source-sink dynamic of extinction and recolonization with naïve potential hosts. The diversity of the community that harbors the reservoir system affects the transmission cycle by predation, competition, and dilution effect. Plague has notable environmental constraints, depending on altitude (500+ meters), warm and dry climates, and conditions for high productivity events for expansion of the transmission cycle. Human impacts are altering Plague dynamics by altering landscape and the faunal composition of the foci and adjacent areas, usually increasing the presence and number of human cases and outbreaks. Climatic change is also affecting the range of its occurrence. In the current transitional state of zoonosis as a whole, Plague is at risk of becoming a public health problem in poor countries where ecosystem erosion, anthropic invasion of new areas, and climate change increase the contact of the population with reservoir systems, giving new urgency for ecologic research that further details its maintenance in the wild, the spillover events, and how it links to human cases.

  18. Zoonoses As Ecological Entities: A Case Review of Plague.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio Graco Zeppelini

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available As a zoonosis, Plague is also an ecological entity, a complex system of ecological interactions between the pathogen, the hosts, and the spatiotemporal variations of its ecosystems. Five reservoir system models have been proposed: (i assemblages of small mammals with different levels of susceptibility and roles in the maintenance and amplification of the cycle; (ii species-specific chronic infection models; (ii flea vectors as the true reservoirs; (iii Telluric Plague, and (iv a metapopulation arrangement for species with a discrete spatial organization, following a source-sink dynamic of extinction and recolonization with naïve potential hosts. The diversity of the community that harbors the reservoir system affects the transmission cycle by predation, competition, and dilution effect. Plague has notable environmental constraints, depending on altitude (500+ meters, warm and dry climates, and conditions for high productivity events for expansion of the transmission cycle. Human impacts are altering Plague dynamics by altering landscape and the faunal composition of the foci and adjacent areas, usually increasing the presence and number of human cases and outbreaks. Climatic change is also affecting the range of its occurrence. In the current transitional state of zoonosis as a whole, Plague is at risk of becoming a public health problem in poor countries where ecosystem erosion, anthropic invasion of new areas, and climate change increase the contact of the population with reservoir systems, giving new urgency for ecologic research that further details its maintenance in the wild, the spillover events, and how it links to human cases.

  19. C1q Nephropathy: The Unique Underrecognized Pathological Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Devasahayam

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available C1q nephropathy is a rare glomerular disease with characteristic mesangial C1q deposition noted on immunofluorescence microscopy. It is histologically defined and poorly understood. Light microscopic features are heterogeneous and comprise minimal change disease (MCD, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS, and proliferative glomerulonephritis. Clinical presentation is also diverse, and ranges from asymptomatic hematuria or proteinuria to frank nephritic or nephrotic syndrome in both children and adults. Hypertension and renal insufficiency at the time of diagnosis are common findings. Optimal treatment is not clear and is usually guided by the underlying light microscopic lesion. Corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment, with immunosuppressive agents reserved for steroid resistant cases. The presence of nephrotic syndrome and FSGS appear to predict adverse outcomes as opposed to favorable outcomes in those with MCD. Further research is needed to establish C1q nephropathy as a universally recognized distinct clinical entity. In this paper, we discuss the current understanding of pathogenesis, histopathology, clinical features, therapeutic options, and outcomes of C1q nephropathy.

  20. Headache associated with airplane travel: a rare entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherian, Ajith; Mathew, Mini; Iype, Thomas; Sandeep, P; Jabeen, Afshan; Ayyappan, K

    2013-01-01

    Airplane travel headache is rare and has recently been described as a new form of headache associated with a specific situation. Of the 1,208 patients with primary headaches attending a tertiary care neurology hospital, two (0.16%) patients satisfied the criteria for headache related to airplane travel. Both the patients fulfilled the proposed diagnostic criteria for airplane travel headache. This unique headache had a mean duration of 24 minutes, localized to the medial supraorbital region described as having an intense jabbing or stabbing character that occurred exclusively and maximally during aircraft landing or take-off, following which pain intensity subsided . This rare headache felt on aircraft descent is probably due to the squeeze effect on the frontal sinus wall, when air trapped inside it contracts producing a negative pressure leading to mucosal edema, transudation and intense pain. Use of nasal decongestants either alone or in combination with naproxen sodium prior to ascent and descent abated the headache episodes. Awareness about this unique entity is essential to provide proper treatment and avoid patient suffering.

  1. Mapping biological entities using the longest approximately common prefix method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudniy, Alex; Song, Min; Geller, James

    2014-06-14

    The significant growth in the volume of electronic biomedical data in recent decades has pointed to the need for approximate string matching algorithms that can expedite tasks such as named entity recognition, duplicate detection, terminology integration, and spelling correction. The task of source integration in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) requires considerable expert effort despite the presence of various computational tools. This problem warrants the search for a new method for approximate string matching and its UMLS-based evaluation. This paper introduces the Longest Approximately Common Prefix (LACP) method as an algorithm for approximate string matching that runs in linear time. We compare the LACP method for performance, precision and speed to nine other well-known string matching algorithms. As test data, we use two multiple-source samples from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) and two SNOMED Clinical Terms-based samples. In addition, we present a spell checker based on the LACP method. The Longest Approximately Common Prefix method completes its string similarity evaluations in less time than all nine string similarity methods used for comparison. The Longest Approximately Common Prefix outperforms these nine approximate string matching methods in its Maximum F1 measure when evaluated on three out of the four datasets, and in its average precision on two of the four datasets.

  2. Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis of the Brainstem as a Clinical Entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyayula, Pavan S; Yang, Jason; Yue, John K; Ciacci, Joseph D

    2017-11-07

    Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a rare progressive neurological disorder of early adolescence caused by persistent infection of the measles virus, which remains prevalent worldwide despite an effective vaccine. SSPE is a devastating disease with a characteristic clinical course in subcortical white matter; however, atypical presentations of brainstem involvement may be seen in rare cases. This review summarizes reports to date on brainstem involvement in SSPE, including the clinical course of disease, neuroimaging presentations, and guidelines for treatment. A comprehensive literature search was performed for English-language publications with keywords "subacute sclerosing panencephalitis" and "brainstem" using the National Library of Medicine PubMed database (March 1981-September 2017). Eleven articles focusing on SSPE of the brainstem were included. Predominant brainstem involvement remains uncharacteristic of SSPE, which may lead to misdiagnosis and poor outcome. A number of case reports have demonstrated brainstem involvement associated with other intracranial lesions commonly presenting in later SSPE stages (III and IV). However, brainstem lesions can appear in all stages, independent of higher cortical structures. The varied clinical presentations complicate diagnosis from a neuroimaging perspective. SSPE of the brainstem is a rare but important clinical entity. It may present like canonical SSPE or with unique clinical features such as absence seizures and pronounced ataxia. While SSPE generally progresses to the brainstem, it can also begin with a primary focus of infection in the brainstem. Awareness of varied SSPE presentations can aid in early diagnosis as well as guide management and treatment.

  3. Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis of the Brainstem as a Clinical Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavan S. Upadhyayula

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE is a rare progressive neurological disorder of early adolescence caused by persistent infection of the measles virus, which remains prevalent worldwide despite an effective vaccine. SSPE is a devastating disease with a characteristic clinical course in subcortical white matter; however, atypical presentations of brainstem involvement may be seen in rare cases. This review summarizes reports to date on brainstem involvement in SSPE, including the clinical course of disease, neuroimaging presentations, and guidelines for treatment. A comprehensive literature search was performed for English-language publications with keywords “subacute sclerosing panencephalitis” and “brainstem” using the National Library of Medicine PubMed database (March 1981–September 2017. Eleven articles focusing on SSPE of the brainstem were included. Predominant brainstem involvement remains uncharacteristic of SSPE, which may lead to misdiagnosis and poor outcome. A number of case reports have demonstrated brainstem involvement associated with other intracranial lesions commonly presenting in later SSPE stages (III and IV. However, brainstem lesions can appear in all stages, independent of higher cortical structures. The varied clinical presentations complicate diagnosis from a neuroimaging perspective. SSPE of the brainstem is a rare but important clinical entity. It may present like canonical SSPE or with unique clinical features such as absence seizures and pronounced ataxia. While SSPE generally progresses to the brainstem, it can also begin with a primary focus of infection in the brainstem. Awareness of varied SSPE presentations can aid in early diagnosis as well as guide management and treatment.

  4. Short Segment Hiatal Hernia: Is It a Clinically Significant Entity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Jong Jin; Kim, Ji Hoon; Yeon, Jong Eun; Park, Jong-Jae; Kim, Jae Seon; Byun, Kwan Soo

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Hiatal hernia (HH) is a well-known contributory factor of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, studies on the clinical significance of simple small HH are lacking. We conducted a study to clarify the clinical significance of short segment HH (SSHH) in relation to GERD. Methods 4,592 consecutive cases (male/female: 2,076/2,516, median age: 49 years) examined with diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy for the first time were enrolled. During the insertion of endoscope, presence of HH was determined and the length was measured, if present. The relationships between gender, age, presence of erosive esophagitis, and columnar-lined esophagus (CLE) and the lengths of HH were analyzed. Results Among 4,592 cases, HH was present in 428 cases (9.3%); SSHH was found in 255 cases (5.6%) and long segment HH (LSHH) in 173 cases (3.8%). HH was more frequent among males and patients with LSHH tended to be older. Erosive esophagitis was observed in 4.8%, 22.0%, and 37.0% of no HH, SSHH, and LSHH group, respectively (p <0.05). CLE was observed in 14.4%, 36.5%, and 24.3% of no HH, SSHH, and LSHH group, respectively (p <0.05). Conclusions SSHH is not a clinically silent and "innocent entity," but rather a condition with a significant pathologic significance similar to LSHH in regard to GERD. PMID:20535324

  5. [Isolated splenic metastases from cervical cancer: a rare entity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalón-López, José Sebastián; Souto-del Bosque, Rosalía; Montañez-Lugo, Juan Ignacio; Chávez-González, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    Splenic metastases from solid tumors are a rare event with an incidence of only 2.9% to 9%. Splenic metastases from cervical cancer are a rare entity. Only a few cases have been reported of isolated spleen metastases from cervical cancer. We present the case of a 76-year-old woman with moderately differentiated endocervical adenocarcinoma stromal and endocervical invasion. Clinical stage was Ib1 and Ca-125 values of 150 U. She was managed with hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. She received pelvic radiotherapy (45 Gy) followed 24 Gy of brachytherapy. Two years later she presented with abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography showed two splenic parenchymal lesions without disease in the remainder of the abdominal cavity and chest with a Ca-125 of 2,733 U. The patient is submitted to splenectomy. Histopathology demonstrates splenic metastases of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma from the endocervix. Immunohistochemical stain showed positivity from carcinoembryonic antigen; estrogen and progesterone receptors are negative. Ca-125 level 8 weeks after surgery was 16 U/ml. The patient received six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and cisplatin. At 12 months follow-up the patient is alive and without evidence of tumor activity. The spleen is an uncommon site of metastasis. Splenectomy is considered the appropriate treatment in order to avoid complications such as splenic rupture and splenic vein thrombosis as well as to improve pain control from splenomegaly. Twelve months after surgery our patient is alive and without evidence of tumor activity.

  6. NAMED ENTITY RECOGNITION FROM BIOMEDICAL TEXT -AN INFORMATION EXTRACTION TASK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Kanya

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Biomedical Text Mining targets the Extraction of significant information from biomedical archives. Bio TM encompasses Information Retrieval (IR and Information Extraction (IE. The Information Retrieval will retrieve the relevant Biomedical Literature documents from the various Repositories like PubMed, MedLine etc., based on a search query. The IR Process ends up with the generation of corpus with the relevant document retrieved from the Publication databases based on the query. The IE task includes the process of Preprocessing of the document, Named Entity Recognition (NER from the documents and Relationship Extraction. This process includes Natural Language Processing, Data Mining techniques and machine Language algorithm. The preprocessing task includes tokenization, stop word Removal, shallow parsing, and Parts-Of-Speech tagging. NER phase involves recognition of well-defined objects such as genes, proteins or cell-lines etc. This process leads to the next phase that is extraction of relationships (IE. The work was based on machine learning algorithm Conditional Random Field (CRF.

  7. Chronic basophilic leukemia: a distinct clinico-pathologic entity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardanani, Animesh D; Morice, William G; Hoyer, James D; Tefferi, Ayalew

    2003-07-01

    We sought to better define a group of rare and poorly understood myeloproliferative disorders that are characterized by prominent chronic basophilia in the absence of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) or its molecular equivalent. We screened our institution's electronic database from 1975 onwards, and identified four such cases. Clinical data and bone marrow pathology were carefully reviewed for these patients. Two patients had prominent manifestations of basophil mediator-release and another presented with pituitary dysfunction. Bone marrow examination uniformly revealed trilineage hyperplasia with basophilia and eosinophilia, dysplastic megakaryocytic hyperplasia, and the absence of megakaryocyte clustering. An abnormal pattern of atypical mast cells was noted in two cases. While disease palliation was effectively achieved with hydroxyurea for one patient, transformation to acute myeloid leukemia was eventually observed in this case. Another patient has achieved long-term disease-free survival after undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Our observations reveal a striking pathologic similarity among all four cases, and suggest this disease, which may be aggressive with the potential to transform into acute leukemia, to possibly represent a distinct clinico-pathologic entity (chronic basophilic leukemia).

  8. Near-fatal asthma: a heterogeneous clinical entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrano-Pariente, José; Plaza, Vicente

    2017-02-01

    The aims of the present review were to describe the heterogeneous nature of near-fatal asthma (NFA) and to summarize the distinctive phenotypes identified in this subtype of asthma. Clinical, physiological, and histological studies have shown a large number of triggers, pathological mechanisms, and risk factors associated with NFA. Based on the demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients, the circumstances surrounding the asthma exacerbation and some distinctive features of the disease, several clinical profiles of asthma patients with NFA have been described. Recent data show new associations between some gene expression patterns and fatal asthma, as well as with some biological markers related to inflammatory or immunologic mechanisms in the airways. Also, the use of statistical methods, such as cluster analysis, allowed identifying and confirming different phenotypes of life-threatening asthma patients. NFA is a heterogeneous clinical entity, in which different patients' clinical profiles may coexist [e.g. rapid-onset NFA, NFA in patients with dyspnea hypoperception or sensitized to certain pneumoallergens (Alternaria alternata, soybean), NFA related to the menstrual cycle, brittle asthma]. Knowledge of these phenotypes as well as adequate and specific management strategies can reduce morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from NFA.

  9. Is premenstrual dysphoric disorder a distinct clinical entity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endicott, J; Amsterdam, J; Eriksson, E; Frank, E; Freeman, E; Hirschfeld, R; Ling, F; Parry, B; Pearlstein, T; Rosenbaum, J; Rubinow, D; Schmidt, P; Severino, S; Steiner, M; Stewart, D E; Thys-Jacobs, S

    1999-06-01

    Does the evidence now available support the concept of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) as a distinct clinical disorder such that the relative safety and efficacy of potential treatment can be evaluated? In a roundtable discussion of this question, a wealth of information was reviewed by a panel of experts. The key characteristics of PMDD, with clear onset and offset of symptoms closely linked to the menstrual cycle and the prominence of symptoms of anger, irritability, and internal tension, were contrasted with those of known mood and anxiety disorders. PMDD displays a distinct clinical picture that, in the absence of treatment, is remarkably stable from cycle to cycle and over time. Effective treatment of PMDD can be accomplished with serotinergic agents. At least 60% of patients respond to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). In comparison with other disorders, PMDD symptoms respond to low doses of SSRIs and to intermittent dosing. Normal functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, biologic characteristics generally related to the serotonin system, and a genetic component unrelated to major depression are further features of PMDD that separate it from other affective (mood) disorders. Based on this evidence, the consensus of the group was that PMDD is a distinct clinical entity. Potential treatments for this disorder can now be evaluated on this basis to meet the clear need for effective therapy.

  10. Network and Ensemble Enabled Entity Extraction in Informal Text (NEEEEIT) final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kegelmeyer, Philip W. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shead, Timothy M. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dunlavy, Daniel M. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2013-09-01

    This SAND report summarizes the activities and outcomes of the Network and Ensemble Enabled Entity Extraction in Information Text (NEEEEIT) LDRD project, which addressed improving the accuracy of conditional random fields for named entity recognition through the use of ensemble methods.

  11. 24 CFR 5.240 - Family disclosure of income information to the responsible entity and verification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... information to the responsible entity and verification. 5.240 Section 5.240 Housing and Urban Development... Participants § 5.240 Family disclosure of income information to the responsible entity and verification. (a...; WAIVERS Disclosure and Verification of Social Security Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers...

  12. Number Question Answer 1 1. Who is the entity responsible for ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Carlos Guiza

    1. 1. Who is the entity responsible for implementing the SCALA communication strategy? There is a parallel process to select this entity. 2. 2. What is the estimate of the approximate percentage of counterpart contribution desired in relation to the amount of up to. $700,000 to be provided to the implementing institution? 3.

  13. Unsupervised Biomedical Named Entity Recognition: Experiments with Clinical and Biological Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shaodian; Elhadad, Nóemie

    2013-01-01

    Named entity recognition is a crucial component of biomedical natural language processing, enabling information extraction and ultimately reasoning over and knowledge discovery from text. Much progress has been made in the design of rule-based and supervised tools, but they are often genre and task dependent. As such, adapting them to different genres of text or identifying new types of entities requires major effort in re-annotation or rule development. In this paper, we propose an unsupervised approach to extracting named entities from biomedical text. We describe a stepwise solution to tackle the challenges of entity boundary detection and entity type classification without relying on any handcrafted rules, heuristics, or annotated data. A noun phrase chunker followed by a filter based on inverse document frequency extracts candidate entities from free text. Classification of candidate entities into categories of interest is carried out by leveraging principles from distributional semantics. Experiments show that our system, especially the entity classification step, yields competitive results on two popular biomedical datasets of clinical notes and biological literature, and outperforms a baseline dictionary match approach. Detailed error analysis provides a road map for future work. PMID:23954592

  14. 42 CFR 1001.1001 - Exclusion of entities owned or controlled by a sanctioned person.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... relationship with such entity— (A) Has been convicted of a criminal offense as described in sections 1128(a... mortgage, deed of trust, note or other obligation secured (in whole or in part) by the entity or any of the... ultimately have an ownership interest in the entity in issue. (For example, an individual has a 10 percent...

  15. The impact of named entity normalization on information retrieval for question answering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khalid, M.A.; Jijkoun, V.; de Rijke, M.

    2008-01-01

    In the named entity normalization task, a system identifies a canonical unambiguous referent for names like Bush or Alabama. Resolving synonymy and ambiguity of such names can benefit end-to-end information access tasks. We evaluate two entity normalization methods based on Wikipedia in the context

  16. 15 CFR 19.14 - How will Commerce entities report Commerce debts to credit bureaus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How will Commerce entities report Commerce debts to credit bureaus? 19.14 Section 19.14 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce Debts § 19.14 How will Commerce entities...

  17. 15 CFR 19.7 - When will Commerce entities compromise a Commerce debt?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When will Commerce entities compromise a Commerce debt? 19.7 Section 19.7 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce Debts § 19.7 When will Commerce entities compromise...

  18. 45 CFR 150.305 - Determination of entity liable for civil money penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Determination of entity liable for civil money... With Respect to Issuers and Non-Federal Governmental Plans-Civil Money Penalties § 150.305 Determination of entity liable for civil money penalty. If a failure to comply is established under this Part...

  19. 31 CFR 560.313 - Entity owned or controlled by the Government of Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Government of Iran. 560.313 Section 560.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... REGULATIONS General Definitions § 560.313 Entity owned or controlled by the Government of Iran. The term entity owned or controlled by the Government of Iran includes any corporation, partnership, association...

  20. 77 FR 43429 - Unblocking of 1 Individual and 2 Entities Designated Pursuant to Executive Order 13315

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... Persons (``SDN List''). DATES: The removal of these individual and entities from the SDN List is effective... these 1 individual and 2 entities should be removed from the SDN List. The following designations are removed from the SDN List: Individual 1. KARAM, Nabil Victor, c/o ALFA COMPANY LIMITED FOR INTERNATIONAL...

  1. 75 FR 78715 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing, Packaging...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... Practice in Manufacturing, Packaging, Labeling, or Holding Operations for Dietary Supplements; Availability... Manufacturing, Packaging, Labeling, or Holding Operations for Dietary ] Supplements--Small Entity Compliance... economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. In compliance with section 212 of the Small...

  2. 76 FR 27563 - Margin and Capital Requirements for Covered Swap Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... Part 1221 Margin and Capital Requirements for Covered Swap Entities; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal... CFR Part 1221 RIN 2590-AA45 Margin and Capital Requirements for Covered Swap Entities AGENCY: Office..., and FHFA (collectively, the Agencies) are requesting comment on a proposal to establish minimum margin...

  3. 76 FR 47593 - Guidance for Small Business Entities on Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Positron Emission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... a guidance for small business entities entitled ``PET Drugs--Current Good Manufacturing Practice... entitled ``PET Drugs--Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP); Small Entity Compliance Guide.'' This... Manufacturing Practice for Positron Emission Tomography Drugs; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration...

  4. 17 CFR 250.110 - Small entities for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Small entities for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. 250.110 Section 250.110 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES... OF 1935 Miscellaneous Rules § 250.110 Small entities for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act...

  5. 17 CFR 260.0-7 - Small entities for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Small entities for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. 260.0-7 Section 260.0-7 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES... of the Commission § 260.0-7 Small entities for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. For...

  6. Accessing Data Bases Through Interface Views Using a Unified Graph-Oriented Entity-Relationship Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraft, Peter; Sørensen, Jens Otto

    with a unified graphic model is more efficient and less error-prone than working with more complex ER models and models based on lexical description. Key terms: Entity-relationship model, path expressions, entity-relationship language, derived interface view, view updates, graphical models....

  7. Differences in financial statements of business entities in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Gláserová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ministry of Finance in the Czech Republic identifies and defines four types of accounting entities that are engaged in business activities. These are the “normal” business entities, business entities as banks, commercial insurance companies and health insurance companies. For each of these types of entities the Ministry of Finance issued relevant regulations that contain specific accounting policies arising mainly from the specifics of the scope of business activities of these entities. The effects of these specifics are ultimately shown also in the individual parts of the financial statement closing. In contrast the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS and also generally accepted accounting principles of the United States (U.S. GAAP are valid for all listed entities regardless of their size and scope of activities. The ongoing globalization of the world, transnational mergers and acquisitions of various companies brings the requirements for unification of accounting policies in order to achieve comparability of financial statements closing of companies from different countries, their transparency and completeness of published information in the individual countries. This paper deals with the definition of significant differences in the items of financial statement closing of different types of business entities in the Czech Republic and with the formulation of proposals for individual types of entities, which would contribute to easier orientation and grater comparability for the needs of different users of accounting information.

  8. 49 CFR 37.43 - Alteration of transportation facilities by public entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alteration of transportation facilities by public... transportation facilities by public entities. (a)(1) When a public entity alters an existing facility or a part of an existing facility used in providing designated public transportation services in a way that...

  9. 76 FR 33121 - Record Retention for Regulated Entities and Office of Finance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, ten Federal Home Loan Banks, the Office of Finance, and ARMA... home computers. Each regulated entity and the Office of Finance is required to maintain a record, in at... employee of a regulated entity or the Office of Finance. Federal Home Loan Bank means a Bank established...

  10. Results of the WNUT2017 Shared Task on Novel and Emerging Entity Recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Derczynski, Leon; Nichols, Eric; van Erp, Marieke; Nut, Limsopatham

    This shared task focuses on identifying unusual, previously-unseen entities in the context of emerging discussions. Named entities form the basis of many modern approaches to other tasks (like event clustering and summarization), but recall on them is a real problem in noisy text - even among

  11. TwitterNEED: a hybrid approach for named entity extraction and disambiguation for tweets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habib, Mena Badieh; van Keulen, Maurice

    Twitter is a rich source of continuously and instantly updated information. Shortness and informality of tweets are challenges for Natural Language Processing tasks. In this paper, we present TwitterNEED, a hybrid approach for Named Entity Extraction and Named Entity Disambiguation for tweets. We

  12. RGloVe: An Improved Approach of Global Vectors for Distributional Entity Relation Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziyan Chen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the previous works on relation extraction between named entities are often limited to extracting the pre-defined types; which are inefficient for massive unlabeled text data. Recently; with the appearance of various distributional word representations; unsupervised methods for many natural language processing (NLP tasks have been widely researched. In this paper; we focus on a new finding of unsupervised relation extraction; which is called distributional relation representation. Without requiring the pre-defined types; distributional relation representation aims to automatically learn entity vectors and further estimate semantic similarity between these entities. We choose global vectors (GloVe as our original model to train entity vectors because of its excellent balance between local context and global statistics in the whole corpus. In order to train model more efficiently; we improve the traditional GloVe model by using cosine similarity between entity vectors to approximate the entity occurrences instead of dot product. Because cosine similarity can convert vector to unit vector; it is intuitively more reasonable and more easily converge to a local optimum. We call the improved model RGloVe. Experimental results on a massive corpus of Sina News show that our proposed model outperforms the traditional global vectors. Finally; a graph database of Neo4j is introduced to store these relationships between named entities. The most competitive advantage of Neo4j is that it provides a highly accessible way to query the direct and indirect relationships between entities.

  13. University Space Management Exemplified by Selected European Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rymarzak Małgorzata

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The rapid changes taking place in the environment of academic institutions (market rules in tertiary education, the greater availability of university education, globalization and internationalization, emergence of knowledge-based societies force them to adjust to the new environment and to adopt a new approach to management, (Friga, Berris, Sullivan 2003; Jajszczyk 2009; Clarysse, Mosey, Lambrecht 2009; Law, Ho 2009; Amthor, Metzger 2011; Leja 2013, as well as to competition and value creation.

  14. On the use of Dynamic Topologies for Representing Spatially Moving Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barros Fernando

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In many psychical systems, entities can only communicate when within the range of their sensors. When entities are static, the topology of the communication infrastructure can be known in advance and kept unchanged during simulation. However, representing moving entities becomes more complex since interconnections change with time as the relative distances between entities evolve. Given the dynamic nature of the problem, a common solution involves the use of publish/subscribe communication and the corresponding multicast message passing. In this paper we exploit the use of a peer-to-peer infrastructure (p2p exhibiting a dynamic topology as an alternative representation for spatially moving entities. We use the Heterogeneous Flow Systems Specification (HFSS, a modular modeling formalism designed to represent hybrid systems with time-variant topologies. We present a simplified model of a defense system comprising airborne radars, drone detection and cancellation. We demonstrate the benefits of p2p communication over publish subscribe interaction.

  15. Manipulation of nano-entities in suspension by electric fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Donglei

    Nanoscale entities, including nanospheres, nanodisks, nanorings, nanowires and nanotubes are potential building blocks for nanoscale devices. Among them, nanowires is an important type of nanoparticles, due to the potential application in microelectronics and bio-diagnosis. Manipulation of nanowires in suspension has been a formidable problem. As described in this thesis, using AC electric fields applied to strategically designed microelectrodes, nanowires in suspension can be driven to align, to chain, to accelerate in directions parallel and perpendicular to its orientation, to concentrate onto designated places, and to disperse in a controlled manner with high efficiency despite an extremely low Reynolds number at the level of 10-5. Randomly oriented nanowires in suspension can be rapidly assembled into extended nonlinear structures within seconds. We show that both the electric field and its gradient play the essential roles of aligning and transporting the nanowires into scaffolds according to the electric field distributions inherent to the geometry of the microelectrodes. The assembling efficiency depends strongly on the frequency of the applied AC voltages and varies as square of the voltage. Furthermore, nanowires have been rotated by AC electric fields applied to strategically designed electrodes. The rotation of the nanowires can be instantly switched on or off with precisely controlled rotation speed (to at least 25000 rpm), definite chirality, and total angle of rotation. This new method has been used to controllably rotate magnetic and non-magnetic nanowires as well as multi-wall carbon nanotubes. We have also produced a micromotor using a rotating nanowire that can drive particles into circular motion. This has application to microfluidic devices, micro-stirrers, and micro electromechanical systems (MEMS). To move and place nanowires onto designated locations with high precision, electrophoretic force has been combined with dielectrophoretic force to

  16. Enterohepatic helicobacter in ulcerative colitis: potential pathogenic entities?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John M Thomson

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Changes in bacterial populations termed "dysbiosis" are thought central to ulcerative colitis (UC pathogenesis. In particular, the possibility that novel Helicobacter organisms play a role in human UC has been debated but not comprehensively investigated. The aim of this study was to develop a molecular approach to investigate the presence of Helicobacter organisms in adults with and without UC.A dual molecular approach to detect Helicobacter was developed. Oligonucleotide probes against the genus Helicobacter were designed and optimised alongside a validation of published H. pylori probes. A comprehensive evaluation of Helicobacter genus and H. pylori PCR primers was also undertaken. The combined approach was then assessed in a range of gastrointestinal samples prior to assessment of a UC cohort. Archival colonic samples were available from 106 individuals for FISH analysis (57 with UC and 49 non-IBD controls. A further 118 individuals were collected prospectively for dual FISH and PCR analysis (86 UC and 32 non-IBD controls. An additional 27 non-IBD controls were available for PCR analysis. All Helicobacter PCR-positive samples were sequenced. The association between Helicobacter and each study group was statistically analysed using the Pearson Chi Squared 2 tailed test. Helicobacter genus PCR positivity was significantly higher in UC than controls (32 of 77 versus 11 of 59, p = 0.004. Sequence analysis indicated enterohepatic Helicobacter species prevalence was significantly higher in the UC group compared to the control group (30 of 77 versus 2 of 59, p<0.0001. PCR and FISH results were concordant in 74 (67.9% of subjects. The majority of discordant results were attributable to a higher positivity rate with FISH than PCR.Helicobacter organisms warrant consideration as potential pathogenic entities in UC. Isolation of these organisms from colonic tissue is needed to enable interrogation of pathogenicity against established criteria.

  17. Pediatric autoimmune enteropathy: an entity frequently associated with immunodeficiency disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhi, Aatur D; Goyal, Alka; Davison, Jon M; Regueiro, Miguel D; Roche, Robyn L; Ranganathan, Sarangarajan

    2014-04-01

    The term pediatric autoimmune enteropathy was originally applied to a form of intractable diarrhea seen in children under the age of 6 months and characterized by male predominance, concurrent autoimmune-associated disorders, circulating gut autoantibodies, a lack of severe immunodeficiency and small bowel atrophy with prominent crypt apoptosis. However, recent studies have cast doubt over the specific clinicopathologic findings associated with this entity. We, therefore, collected 178 gastrointestinal biopsies from 14 patients and examined their clinical, serologic and pathologic findings. Patients at presentation ranged in age from birth to 15.9 years (median, 5.5 months; mean, 4.1 years) and included six males and eight females. All children suffered from chronic watery diarrhea and malnutrition. Concomitant-associated disorders were noted in 11 (79%) cases and included 10 (71%) with an immunodeficiency disorder and/or another autoimmune-related disease. Eleven patients (79%) were positive for anti-enterocyte antibodies. The salient findings of autoimmune enteropathy were most prominent in the small intestines and the majority (79%) of patients demonstrated villous blunting, crypt hyperplasia, mononuclear cell inflammatory expansion of the lamina propria and crypt apoptosis. The remaining (21%) patients showed marked intraepithelial lymphocytosis reminiscent of celiac disease. Further, acute cryptitis and crypt abscesses were seen in seven (50%) patients obscuring the presence of apoptosis. The absence of Paneth cells, goblet cells or both was noted in seven (50%) patients. Follow-up information was available for all patients with 13 (93%) receiving immunosuppressant therapy and demonstrating partial-to-complete response. In total, three patients died from continued diarrhea and sepsis with one decedent before treatment could be initiated. In summary, autoimmune enteropathy in children is a heterogenous disease with protean clinical and pathologic findings

  18. Mild cognitive impairment: same identity for different entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, Laura; Giulietti, Giovanni; Cercignani, Mara; Spanò, Barbara; Torso, Mario; Castelli, Diana; Perri, Roberta; Fadda, Lucia; Marra, Camillo; Caltagirone, Carlo; Bozzali, Marco

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates whether different patterns of grey matter (GM) loss may account for the different neuropsychological profiles observed in patients with amnestic (a-) and non-amnestic (na-) mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and may predict patients' clinical evolution. Fifty-five consecutive individuals complaining of cognitive dysfunction (referred to specialist dementia clinics) were screened and included in the study if they met the diagnostic criteria for MCI on a neurodegenerative basis. After an extensive neuropsychological assessment, patients were classified as suffering from a-MCI or na-MCI. Twenty-eight healthy individuals were also recruited and served as controls. All participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging at 3T, including conventional images and volumetric scans. Volumetric data were processed using voxel-based morphometry to assess between-group differences in regional GM volumes and correlations with neuropsychological performances. When compared to controls, a-MCI patients showed prominent GM volume reductions in the medial temporal lobes, while those with na-MCI showed reduced GM volumes in the orbito-frontal cortex and basal ganglia. In a-MCI patients, significant associations were found between verbal long-term memory performance and GM volumes in the hippocampus. Conversely, in na-MCI patients, associations were found between scores at tests exploring executive functions and GM volumes in the orbito-frontal cortex. At one-year follow-up, conversions were recorded exclusively toward Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the a-MCI group, and toward non-AD dementia in the na-MCI group. This study confirms that MCI is a heterogeneous clinical identity including different neurodegenerative entities; specific patterns of regional GM loss appear to account for specific neuropsychological features and are likely to predict patients' clinical evolution.

  19. Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Short descriptions of NSF support for the State University of New York computer network, one year trial of educational materials from the United Kingdom's Open University, A Dartmouth course on control of life, Stanford action on a course on dysgenics, and a bioengineering program at Texas A&M. (TS)

  20. Supporting inter-topic entity search for biomedical Linked Data based on heterogeneous relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zong, Nansu; Lee, Sungin; Ahn, Jinhyun; Kim, Hong-Gee

    2017-08-01

    The keyword-based entity search restricts search space based on the preference of search. When given keywords and preferences are not related to the same biomedical topic, existing biomedical Linked Data search engines fail to deliver satisfactory results. This research aims to tackle this issue by supporting an inter-topic search-improving search with inputs, keywords and preferences, under different topics. This study developed an effective algorithm in which the relations between biomedical entities were used in tandem with a keyword-based entity search, Siren. The algorithm, PERank, which is an adaptation of Personalized PageRank (PPR), uses a pair of input: (1) search preferences, and (2) entities from a keyword-based entity search with a keyword query, to formalize the search results on-the-fly based on the index of the precomputed Individual Personalized PageRank Vectors (IPPVs). Our experiments were performed over ten linked life datasets for two query sets, one with keyword-preference topic correspondence (intra-topic search), and the other without (inter-topic search). The experiments showed that the proposed method achieved better search results, for example a 14% increase in precision for the inter-topic search than the baseline keyword-based search engine. The proposed method improved the keyword-based biomedical entity search by supporting the inter-topic search without affecting the intra-topic search based on the relations between different entities. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Disease named entity recognition by combining conditional random fields and bidirectional recurrent neural networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qikang; Chen, Tao; Xu, Ruifeng; He, Yulan; Gui, Lin

    2016-01-01

    The recognition of disease and chemical named entities in scientific articles is a very important subtask in information extraction in the biomedical domain. Due to the diversity and complexity of disease names, the recognition of named entities of diseases is rather tougher than those of chemical names. Although there are some remarkable chemical named entity recognition systems available online such as ChemSpot and tmChem, the publicly available recognition systems of disease named entities are rare. This article presents a system for disease named entity recognition (DNER) and normalization. First, two separate DNER models are developed. One is based on conditional random fields model with a rule-based post-processing module. The other one is based on the bidirectional recurrent neural networks. Then the named entities recognized by each of the DNER model are fed into a support vector machine classifier for combining results. Finally, each recognized disease named entity is normalized to a medical subject heading disease name by using a vector space model based method. Experimental results show that using 1000 PubMed abstracts for training, our proposed system achieves an F1-measure of 0.8428 at the mention level and 0.7804 at the concept level, respectively, on the testing data of the chemical-disease relation task in BioCreative V. Database URL: http://219.223.252.210:8080/SS/cdr.html PMID:27777244

  2. Boosting drug named entity recognition using an aggregate classifier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkontzelos, Ioannis; Piliouras, Dimitrios; Dowsey, Andrew W; Ananiadou, Sophia

    2015-10-01

    Drug named entity recognition (NER) is a critical step for complex biomedical NLP tasks such as the extraction of pharmacogenomic, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic parameters. Large quantities of high quality training data are almost always a prerequisite for employing supervised machine-learning techniques to achieve high classification performance. However, the human labour needed to produce and maintain such resources is a significant limitation. In this study, we improve the performance of drug NER without relying exclusively on manual annotations. We perform drug NER using either a small gold-standard corpus (120 abstracts) or no corpus at all. In our approach, we develop a voting system to combine a number of heterogeneous models, based on dictionary knowledge, gold-standard corpora and silver annotations, to enhance performance. To improve recall, we employed genetic programming to evolve 11 regular-expression patterns that capture common drug suffixes and used them as an extra means for recognition. Our approach uses a dictionary of drug names, i.e. DrugBank, a small manually annotated corpus, i.e. the pharmacokinetic corpus, and a part of the UKPMC database, as raw biomedical text. Gold-standard and silver annotated data are used to train maximum entropy and multinomial logistic regression classifiers. Aggregating drug NER methods, based on gold-standard annotations, dictionary knowledge and patterns, improved the performance on models trained on gold-standard annotations, only, achieving a maximum F-score of 95%. In addition, combining models trained on silver annotations, dictionary knowledge and patterns are shown to achieve comparable performance to models trained exclusively on gold-standard data. The main reason appears to be the morphological similarities shared among drug names. We conclude that gold-standard data are not a hard requirement for drug NER. Combining heterogeneous models build on dictionary knowledge can achieve similar or

  3. PRIORITY SUPPORT POLICY REGARDING CONSTITUENT ENTITIES BEING THE «ENGINES» OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yumayev E. A.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Two principal directions of state regional policy adoption have been considered: «equalization» and support of the «engine» constituent entities. Drawbacks of the priority support policy of the most developed entities have been singled out. Recommendations have been formulated; following them will make it possible to eliminate the revealed drawbacks and to use the priority support of the «engine» constituent entities in the context of the state regional policy adoption as a top-priority. Foreign experience of adopting regional policy has been employed in the course of writing the paper (European Union, China, France.

  4. Political globalization and the shift from adult education to lifelong learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2012-01-01

    the relation between education, work and socio-economic development) has been promoted by transnational and inter-state entities with their own interest in education, the shift cannot be seen simply as the result of top-down power relations. That states are members of these entities suggests some degree...

  5. Evaluating Stream Filtering for Entity Profile Updates in TREC 2012, 2013, and 2014 (KBA Track Overview, Notebook Paper)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    sentence parser , and relation extractor on 579,838,246 English documents in the corpus. We also expanded the query entities to be primarily long-tail...Serif named entity recognizer, sentence parser , and relation extractor on 579,838,246 English documents in the corpus. We also expanded the query...highest for the system under study , and summing the precision (or recall) scores from all of the query entities and dividing by the number of entities

  6. Towards Recognition of Spatial Relations between Entities for Polish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Mirosław Marcińczuk

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Towards Recognition of Spatial Relations between Entities for Polish In this paper, the problem of spatial relation recognition in Polish is examined. We present the different ways of distributing spatial information throughout a sentence by reviewing the lexical and grammatical signals of various relations between objects. We focus on the spatial usage of prepositions and their meaning, determined by the ‘conceptual’ schemes they constitute. We also discuss the feasibility of a comprehensive recognition of spatial relations between objects expressed in different ways by reviewing the existing tools and resources for text processing in Polish. As a result, we propose a heuristic method for the recognition of spatial relations expressed in various phrase structures called spatial expressions. We propose a definition of spatial expressions by taking into account the limitations of the available tools for the Polish language. A set of rules is used to generate candidates of spatial expressions which are later tested against a set of semantic constraints. The results of our work on recognition of spatial expressions in Polish texts were partially presented in (Marcińczuk, Oleksy, & Wieczorek, 2016. In that paper we focused on a detailed analysis of errors obtained using a set of basic morphosyntactic patterns for generating spatial expression candidates - we identified and described the most common sources of errors, i.e. incorrectly recognized or unrecognized expressions. In this paper we focused mainly on the preliminary stages of spatial expression recognition. We presented an extensive review on how the spatial information can be encoded in the text, types of spatial triggers in Polish and a detailed evaluation of morphosyntactic patterns which can be used to generate spatial expression candidates.   Rozpoznawanie relacji przestrzennych między obiektami fizycznymi w języku polskim Artykuł dotyczy zagadnienia rozpoznawania relacji

  7. 7 CFR 1400.201 - General provisions for determining whether a person or legal entity is actively engaged in farming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... or legal entity is actively engaged in farming. 1400.201 Section 1400.201 Agriculture Regulations of... person or legal entity is actively engaged in farming. (a) To be considered eligible to receive payments with respect to a particular farming operation, a person or legal entity must be actively engaged in...

  8. 31 CFR 50.19 - General disclosure requirements for State residual market insurance entities and State worker's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... State residual market insurance entities and State worker's compensation funds. 50.19 Section 50.19... market insurance entities and State worker's compensation funds. (a) Policies in force on October 17... condition for Federal payment is waived for those State residual market insurance entities and State workers...

  9. 76 FR 21628 - Implementation of Additional Changes From the Annual Review of the Entity List; Removal of Person...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... Entity List for an entity located in China called the ``Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics.'' The... aliases as separate aliases for the Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics. China (1) Chinese Academy of...) By revising under China, the entity ``Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics''; 0 (d) By revising...

  10. 78 FR 1938 - Unblocking of One Individual and One Entity Blocked Pursuant to Executive Order 13315 of August...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... Blocked Persons (``SDN List''). DATES: The removal of the individual and entity from the SDN List is... determined that the following individual and entity should be removed from the SDN List: Individual 1... Ampere 5, Monza 20052, Italy . The removal of the individual's and entity's names from the SDN List is...

  11. 49 CFR 37.101 - Purchase or lease of vehicles by private entities not primarily engaged in the business of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purchase or lease of vehicles by private entities...) Acquisition of Accessible Vehicles by Private Entities § 37.101 Purchase or lease of vehicles by private... applies to all purchases or leases of vehicles by private entities which are not primarily engaged in the...

  12. 75 FR 36516 - Addition and Removal of Certain Persons on the Entity List: Addition of Persons Acting Contrary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... believe that Chinese electro-optics procurement firm Toptics, Inc. has procured U.S. origin uncooled... entities; 0 (b) By adding under China, People's Republic of, in alphabetical order, three Chinese entities... (f) By adding under Malaysia, in alphabetical order, four Malaysian entities; 0 (g) By adding, in...

  13. STANDARDISED CLINICAL EXAMINATION OF SOFT-TISSUE PAIN IN PATIENTS WITH HIP DYSPLASIA USING THE CLINICAL ENTITIES APPROACH

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Julie Sandell; Hölmich, Per; Thorborg, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    ) and 12% (n=6) in the hip adductors. Hamstrings and rectus abdominis entities were less common with a prevalence of 4% (n=2) and 0% (n=0), respectively. The clinical entities are reported in Table 3. Conclusion Clinical entities suggestive of soft-tissue pathology in the hip region are common with a high...

  14. THE GENERAL ARCHITECTURE OF THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM AT TRADE ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARAIMAN ADRIAN-COSMIN

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available At trade entities, most of the activities carried out within the framework of accounting information system revolve around accounting operations, they being the basis of this system and the financial perspective over an entity activity, through the accounts, by the way, most of the accounting information resulted from accounting information system are obtained by analyzing the information in the accounts. In the context of the existence of an integrated information system almost all accounting operations can be generated automatically or semi-automatically, by retrieving data from other modules of the informatic system existent within the entity: purchasing, sales, human resources, asset ,cash register, bank, etc. Otherwise, to dispose in a trade entity of a performant financial-accounting information system it should be analyzed, designed and implemented only in conjunction with other components they interact with, namely: purchasing, sales, human resources, assets, cash register, bank, etc., in order to avoid certain inherent redundancy in other approaches.

  15. ECO: A Framework for Entity Co-Occurrence Exploration with Faceted Navigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halliday, K. D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2010-08-20

    Even as highly structured databases and semantic knowledge bases become more prevalent, a substantial amount of human knowledge is reported as written prose. Typical textual reports, such as news articles, contain information about entities (people, organizations, and locations) and their relationships. Automatically extracting such relationships from large text corpora is a key component of corporate and government knowledge bases. The primary goal of the ECO project is to develop a scalable framework for extracting and presenting these relationships for exploration using an easily navigable faceted user interface. ECO uses entity co-occurrence relationships to identify related entities. The system aggregates and indexes information on each entity pair, allowing the user to rapidly discover and mine relational information.

  16. 77 FR 43157 - Disregarded Entities and the Indoor Tanning Services Excise Tax; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ...This document contains corrections to temporary regulations (TD 9596), which were published in the Federal Register on June 25, 2012 (77 FR 37806) relating to disregarded entities (including qualified subchapter S subsidiaries) and the indoor tanning services excise tax.

  17. INCREASING THE LEVEL OF INFORMATION MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES OF ECONOMIC ENTITIES, OF THE SERVICE SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. N. Krolivetskii

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the chosen topic of the article is to increase the information level of innovation activity of economic entities of services and on this basis to provide the growth of their competitiveness, the effectiveness of the economic development management. Regulation of the information security level management system competitiveness of business entities and service industries increases the quality of the management decisions that promote sustainable economic development. The article gives a detailed analysis of the factors determining the possibilities and limitations that have a direct impact on the level of innovation activity of economic entities of services, such as: the level of skills, methods for collecting and recording information, the order of its systematization, etc. Contribution of the author in the development of the theme of the article is the definition of methodological campaigns creating organizational and economic conditions for information security management activities of economic entities of services, aimed at increasing competitiveness and quality of services.

  18. 75 FR 3523 - Additional Designation of Entities and Individuals Pursuant to Executive Order 12978

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ...); (INDIVIDUAL) . 2. CIFUENTES VARGAS, Orlando (a.k.a. ``El Chute''); c/o RESTAURANTE BAR PUNTA DEL ESTE, Cali...; NIT 805027303-4 (Colombia); (ENTITY) . 12. RESTAURANTE BAR PUNTA DEL ESTE, Calle 17N No. 9N-05, Cali...

  19. 75 FR 53169 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-45; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-45; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES...

  20. 77 FR 10807 - Designation of One Entity Pursuant to Executive Order 13553

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ..., Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-195). In the Order, the President took additional... to the Order. The listing for this entity is as follows: IRANIAN MINISTRY OF INTELLIGENCE AND...

  1. A new way of modeling 3D entities based on raster technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yining; Fei, Lifan; Lan, Qiuping

    2009-10-01

    In recent years, the study of 3D spatial models has been developed rapidly, but most of the models are applied to 3D visualization or orebody modeling. They can only provide limited functionality and operations of spatial analysis. To solve this problem, this paper firstly analyzes the characteristics of 3D entities and their demands of modeling, and proposes the method of modeling the exterior surfaces instead of the solid entities themselves using regular volume elements, hence it has offered a new way of modeling 3D entities, which is based on raster technique, in order to make promising preparations for 3D spatial analyses, such as the sunlight analysis. Through preliminary visualization experiments taking the entities with common geometric shapes, simpler and complexer buildings as examples, the feasibility of this modeling method has been proved.

  2. Named-Entity Tagging a Very Large Unbalanced Corpus. Training and Evaluating NE classifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bingel, Joachim; Haider, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    We describe a systematic and application-oriented approach to training and evaluating named entity recognition and classification (NERC) systems, the purpose of which is to identify an optimal system and to train an optimal model for named entity tagging DeReKo, a very large general-purpose corpu...... applicable method for sampling evaluation data from an unbalanced target corpus for any sort of natural language processing.......We describe a systematic and application-oriented approach to training and evaluating named entity recognition and classification (NERC) systems, the purpose of which is to identify an optimal system and to train an optimal model for named entity tagging DeReKo, a very large general-purpose corpus...

  3. 78 FR 38782 - Lifting of Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Proliferation Sanctions Against Chinese Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Lifting of Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Proliferation Sanctions Against Chinese Entities AGENCY... Chemical Nonproliferation, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Department of State...

  4. A Conceptual Schema Language for the Management of Multiple Representations of Geographic Entities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis-Christensen, A.; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Nytun, J.P.

    2005-01-01

    entity. In this paper, we propose an approach to the modeling of multiply represented entities, which is based on the relationships among the entities and their representations. Central to our approach is the Multiple Representation Schema Language that, by intuitive and declarative means, is used...... to specify rules that match objects representing the same entity, maintain consistency among these representations, and restore consistency if necessary. The rules configure a Multiple Representation Management System, the aim of which is to manage multiple representations over a number of autonomous...... federated databases. We present a graphical and a lexical binding to the schema language. The graphical binding is built on an extension to the Unified Modeling Language and the Object Constraint Language. We demonstrate that it is possible to implement the constructs of the schema language in the object...

  5. Can Audit Prevent Fraudulent Financial Reporting Practices? Study of Some Motivational Factors in Two Atlantic Canadian Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostaq M. Hussain

    2010-06-01

    about the legitimacy of contemporary financial reporting process, roles of auditors, regulators, and analysts in financial reporting. This empirical study attempts to investigate the motivational factors of the prevention and detection of FFR through the auditing process. The interviewees were carried out within the entity and proprietary theoretical framework with some accounting related management in two medium-sized organizations in Atlantic Canada in winter 2008. The findings of this research demonstrate that an audit is not enough to prevent and detect FFR. The audit structure needs to be revised and employees need to be educated in order for them to better understand their internal control process, and their own role. Companies need to evaluate their controls and internal audit process instead of relying on the yearly audit. This study found that the most common methods used for FFR are improper revenue recognition, understatement of expenses/liabilities, and overstated and misappropriation of assets.

  6. o-HETM: An Online Hierarchical Entity Topic Model for News Streams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    Hierarchical entity topic model · Online inference 1 Introduction Recently, once a thing of great concern such as “The Missing Flight MH370 ” hap- pens...new hierarchical entity topic model as well as an online inference method for streaming news. The Missing Flight MH370 Search and Rescue Cause of Air...about The Missing Flight “ MH370 ” In this paper, we propose to dynamically construct a hierarchy of topics and subtopics from the streaming news

  7. Natural persons (individuals and legal persons (entities in Serbian medieval law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šarkić Srđan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author is exposing the concept of natural persons (individuals and legal persons (entities in Serbian mediaeval law. The terms glava (head, caput, kephalē, or sometimes kapa (cap, hood are used in Serbian legal sources to designate natural persons (individuals. In Serbian mediaeval law, it was mostly churches and monasteries that had the trait of legal persons (entities. Beside them, towns, villages, counties and districts, had some characteristics of legal persons.

  8. Epidemiology of skin tumor entities according to the new WHO classification in dogs and cats

    OpenAIRE

    Sharif, Monier A. Mohamed

    2006-01-01

    A new or second edition of the international histological classification of skin, melanocytic and soft tissue tumors of domestic animals was published in 1998 with new entities and some new nomenclatures. For the period since then, we have not found a statistical study that discusses all these tumors in relation to the new WHO classification. Therefore, it has been the aim of this study to apply the new WHO classification in the epidemiology of the skin tumor entity. A statistical ana...

  9. Ranking Entity Based on Both of Word Frequency and Word Sematic Features

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, Xiao-Bo; Geng, Guang-Gang; Huang, Kaizhu; Yan, Zhi-Wei

    2016-01-01

    Entity search is a new application meeting either precise or vague requirements from the search engines users. Baidu Cup 2016 Challenge just provided such a chance to tackle the problem of the entity search. We achieved the first place with the average MAP scores on 4 tasks including movie, tvShow, celebrity and restaurant. In this paper, we propose a series of similarity features based on both of the word frequency features and the word semantic features and describe our ranking architecture...

  10. RISK DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY OF INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES OF BUSINESS ENTITIES IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stepanova

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The questions of investment risks minimization in activities of the entity Ukraine are revealed. The system of measures and counter prediction of investment risk is proposed. A strategy to minimize them through the use of diversification based on the appropriate investment strategy and monitoring the implementation of managerial financial decisions in order to provide a comparison of effectiveness of business operations of the entity with the appropriate level of investment risk is describe.

  11. Identifying non-elliptical entity mentions in a coordinated NP with ellipses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Jeongmin; Jung, Younghee; Lee, Taemin; Jung, Soonyoung; Huh, Chan; Kim, Gilhan; Kim, Hyeoncheol; Oh, Heungbum

    2014-02-01

    Named entities in the biomedical domain are often written using a Noun Phrase (NP) along with a coordinating conjunction such as 'and' and 'or'. In addition, repeated words among named entity mentions are frequently omitted. It is often difficult to identify named entities. Although various Named Entity Recognition (NER) methods have tried to solve this problem, these methods can only deal with relatively simple elliptical patterns in coordinated NPs. We propose a new NER method for identifying non-elliptical entity mentions with simple or complex ellipses using linguistic rules and an entity mention dictionary. The GENIA and CRAFT corpora were used to evaluate the performance of the proposed system. The GENIA corpus was used to evaluate the performance of the system according to the quality of the dictionary. The GENIA corpus comprises 3434 non-elliptical entity mentions in 1585 coordinated NPs with ellipses. The system achieves 92.11% precision, 95.20% recall, and 93.63% F-score in identification of non-elliptical entity mentions in coordinated NPs. The accuracy of the system in resolving simple and complex ellipses is 94.54% and 91.95%, respectively. The CRAFT corpus was used to evaluate the performance of the system under realistic conditions. The system achieved 78.47% precision, 67.10% recall, and 72.34% F-score in coordinated NPs. The performance evaluations of the system show that it efficiently solves the problem caused by ellipses, and improves NER performance. The algorithm is implemented in PHP and the code can be downloaded from https://code.google.com/p/medtextmining/. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. A systems process lifecycle standard for very small entities: development and pilot trials

    OpenAIRE

    Laporte, Claude Y.; O'Connor, Rory V.

    2014-01-01

    peer-reviewed Very small entities, organizations with up to 25 people, are very important to the worldwide economy. The products they develop are either developed specifically for a customer or are integrated into products made by larger enterprises. To address the needs of Very small entities, a set of standards and guides have been developed using the systems engineering lifecycle standard ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 as the main framework. The systems engineering handbook, devel...

  13. THE INCREASE OF PERFORMANCE OF AN ENTITY BY THE CONVERSION OF THE HIDDEN COSTS

    OpenAIRE

    Sorin Briciu; Sorinel Capusneanu

    2011-01-01

    This article offers an intrinsic image of the hidden and identified costs at thelevel of an entity, including the causes and their ways of control. The main researchinstrument used here was the questionnaire and the results determined a better knowledge ofthe theoretical and methodological aspects necessary in order to identify the hidden costs atthe level of an entity. Several aspects of the hidden costs are discussed, as well as theircharacteristics, evaluation, causes and generating source...

  14. A neural joint model for entity and relation extraction from biomedical text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fei; Zhang, Meishan; Fu, Guohong; Ji, Donghong

    2017-03-31

    Extracting biomedical entities and their relations from text has important applications on biomedical research. Previous work primarily utilized feature-based pipeline models to process this task. Many efforts need to be made on feature engineering when feature-based models are employed. Moreover, pipeline models may suffer error propagation and are not able to utilize the interactions between subtasks. Therefore, we propose a neural joint model to extract biomedical entities as well as their relations simultaneously, and it can alleviate the problems above. Our model was evaluated on two tasks, i.e., the task of extracting adverse drug events between drug and disease entities, and the task of extracting resident relations between bacteria and location entities. Compared with the state-of-the-art systems in these tasks, our model improved the F1 scores of the first task by 5.1% in entity recognition and 8.0% in relation extraction, and that of the second task by 9.2% in relation extraction. The proposed model achieves competitive performances with less work on feature engineering. We demonstrate that the model based on neural networks is effective for biomedical entity and relation extraction. In addition, parameter sharing is an alternative method for neural models to jointly process this task. Our work can facilitate the research on biomedical text mining.

  15. IMPROVING PERFORMANCES BY USING COST CONTROLLING IN THE MINING INDUSTRY ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SORINEL CĂPUŞNEANU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to highlight the improving performances of entities from mining industry entities by using cost controlling as an important tool of management accounting, applying the target costing method. The survey is based on questions that led investigation made in the Romanian entities from mining industry and based on data a thorough analysis was done for fulfillment of authors’ purpose. The results obtained by applying the target costing method has allowed a very strict cost control, which ultimately led to increased performances of economic entities from mining industry in Romania. The secondary purpose of this article is to try adjusting the target costing method to the specific of entities in the mining industry. According to studies of specialists this method based on target costing calculation is rather unusual in this sector of mining industry and it relies heavily on the activity-based costing method. The article ends with the authors' conclusions on improving the performances of entities from mining industry based on cost controlling and use of mix information obtained through the applied methods

  16. Human-machine interaction to disambiguate entities in unstructured text and structured datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Kevin; Davenport, Jack

    2017-05-01

    Creating entity network graphs is a manual, time consuming process for an intelligence analyst. Beyond the traditional big data problems of information overload, individuals are often referred to by multiple names and shifting titles as they advance in their organizations over time which quickly makes simple string or phonetic alignment methods for entities insufficient. Conversely, automated methods for relationship extraction and entity disambiguation typically produce questionable results with no way for users to vet results, correct mistakes or influence the algorithm's future results. We present an entity disambiguation tool, DRADIS, which aims to bridge the gap between human-centric and machinecentric methods. DRADIS automatically extracts entities from multi-source datasets and models them as a complex set of attributes and relationships. Entities are disambiguated across the corpus using a hierarchical model executed in Spark allowing it to scale to operational sized data. Resolution results are presented to the analyst complete with sourcing information for each mention and relationship allowing analysts to quickly vet the correctness of results as well as correct mistakes. Corrected results are used by the system to refine the underlying model allowing analysts to optimize the general model to better deal with their operational data. Providing analysts with the ability to validate and correct the model to produce a system they can trust enables them to better focus their time on producing higher quality analysis products.

  17. Karl Jaspers on the disease entity: Kantian ideas and Weberian ideal types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Chris

    2014-09-01

    Jaspers' nosology is indebted to Immanuel Kant's theory of knowledge. He drew the distinction of form and content from the Transcendental Analytic of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. The distinction is universal to all knowledge, including psychopathology. Individual experience is constituted by a form or category of the Understanding to give a determinate or knowable object classified into the generic type of a real disease entity. The application of form and content is limited by the boundaries of experience. Beyond this boundary are wholes whose conception requires Ideas of reason drawn from the Transcendental Dialectic. Wholes are regulated by Ideas of reason to give an object or schema of the Idea collected into ideal types of an ideal typical disease entity. Jaspers drew ideal types from Max Weber's social theory. He anticipated that, as knowledge advanced, ideal typical disease entities would become real disease entities. By 1920, this had been the destiny of general paralysis as knowledge of its neuropathology, serology and microbiology emerged. As he presented the final edition of General Psychopathology in 1946, Jaspers was anticipating the transition of schizophrenia from ideal typical to real disease entity. Almost 70 years later, with knowledge of its aetiology still unclear, schizophrenia remains marooned as an ideal typical disease entity - still awaiting that crucial advance! © The Author(s) 2014.

  18. Education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Education Program of IPEN aims to develop human resources through scientific training programs and to provide and disseminate scientific information in nuclear and correlated areas. IPEN is responsible for the graduate program in the nuclear area at University of Sao Paulo: the Nuclear Technology Program IPEN/USP. Since its creation, in 1976, the Program was evaluated with grade A by the Federal Government Evaluation (CAPES), the highest in this classification. In 2003 CAPES changed the evaluation criteria; since then, it has been considered a program of Excellence, with grade 6. Levels 6 and 7 are granted only to those programs having internationally recognized expertise. Level 6 was maintained in the last evaluation considering the period 2010-2012. Along its 37 years the Nuclear Technology Program awarded 2,217 titles: 1,511 masters and 706 doctoral degrees. The institution is also responsible for the Professional Master Degree - Lasers in Dentistry, in partnership with the School of Dentistry from University of Sao Paulo. IPEN has a Scientific Initiation Program for undergraduate students aiming to stimulate young people to enter the scientific research career. This program allows the student to have the opportunity to develop a specially assigned study under the guidance of a supervisor. CNEN and CNPq are the main funding agencies supporting this Program. The institute also offers, since 2000, undergraduate disciplines for students of University of Sao Paulo. A total of 33 disciplines have been approved by the University. In the period considered over 1,000 students attended the courses. There is also a Scholarship Program for graduate students, funded by CNPq, CAPES and IPEN. Scholarships funded by FAPESP and CNEN are also available on demand, according to the conditions set forth in the respective notices. Concerning scientific information support, there is available a central specialized library, which offers, beyond traditional collections and services

  19. Character and Citizenship Education: Conversations between Personal and Societal Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Jasmine B.-Y.; Low, Ee Ling

    2012-01-01

    The theme of this special issue is "Character and Citizenship Education: Conversations between Personal and Societal Values." Character education and citizenship education, taken separately or as a single entity are currently riding high on the political and educational policy agendas of several governments (Arthur, 2003; Berkowitz & Bier, 2007;…

  20. Seeing beyond Silos: How State Education Agencies Spend Federal Education Dollars and Why

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Historically, state departments of education, or SEAs, have--for the most part--been compliance-focused organizations that managed federal education policy. Over the past several decades, these agencies have been education policy implementation entities. Today, while their compliance responsibilities have remained, they are taking on more…

  1. Accommodating Ontologies to Biological Reality—Top-Level Categories of Cumulative-Constitutively Organized Material Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Lars; Grobe, Peter; Quast, Björn; Bartolomaeus, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Background The Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) is a top-level formal foundational ontology for the biomedical domain. It has been developed with the purpose to serve as an ontologically consistent template for top-level categories of application oriented and domain reference ontologies within the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies Foundry (OBO). BFO is important for enabling OBO ontologies to facilitate in reliably communicating and managing data and metadata within and across biomedical databases. Following its intended single inheritance policy, BFO's three top-level categories of material entity (i.e. ‘object’, ‘fiat object part’, ‘object aggregate’) must be exhaustive and mutually disjoint. We have shown elsewhere that for accommodating all types of constitutively organized material entities, BFO must be extended by additional categories of material entity. Methodology/Principal Findings Unfortunately, most biomedical material entities are cumulative-constitutively organized. We show that even the extended BFO does not exhaustively cover cumulative-constitutively organized material entities. We provide examples from biology and everyday life that demonstrate the necessity for ‘portion of matter’ as another material building block. This implies the necessity for further extending BFO by ‘portion of matter’ as well as three additional categories that possess portions of matter as aggregate components. These extensions are necessary if the basic assumption that all parts that share the same granularity level exhaustively sum to the whole should also apply to cumulative-constitutively organized material entities. By suggesting a notion of granular representation we provide a way to maintain the single inheritance principle when dealing with cumulative-constitutively organized material entities. Conclusions/Significance We suggest to extend BFO to incorporate additional categories of material entity and to rearrange its top-level material

  2. Evaluation and cross-comparison of lexical entities of biological interest (LexEBI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebholz-Schuhmann, Dietrich; Kim, Jee-Hyub; Yan, Ying; Dixit, Abhishek; Friteyre, Caroline; Hoehndorf, Robert; Backofen, Rolf; Lewin, Ian

    2013-01-01

    Biomedical entities, their identifiers and names, are essential in the representation of biomedical facts and knowledge. In the same way, the complete set of biomedical and chemical terms, i.e. the biomedical "term space" (the "Lexeome"), forms a key resource to achieve the full integration of the scientific literature with biomedical data resources: any identified named entity can immediately be normalized to the correct database entry. This goal does not only require that we are aware of all existing terms, but would also profit from knowing all their senses and their semantic interpretation (ambiguities, nestedness). This study compiles a resource for lexical terms of biomedical interest in a standard format (called "LexEBI"), determines the overall number of terms, their reuse in different resources and the nestedness of terms. LexEBI comprises references for protein and gene entries and their term variants and chemical entities amongst other terms. In addition, disease terms have been identified from Medline and PubmedCentral and added to LexEBI. Our analysis demonstrates that the baseforms of terms from the different semantic types show only little polysemous use. Nonetheless, the term variants of protein and gene names (PGNs) frequently contain species mentions, which should have been avoided according to protein annotation guidelines. Furthermore, the protein and gene entities as well as the chemical entities, both do comprise enzymes leading to hierarchical polysemy, and a large portion of PGNs make reference to a chemical entity. Altogether, according to our analysis based on the Medline distribution, 401,869 unique PGNs in the documents contain a reference to 25,022 chemical entities, 3,125 disease terms or 1,576 species mentions. LexEBI delivers the complete biomedical and chemical Lexeome in a standardized representation (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/Rebholz-srv/LexEBI/). The resource provides the disease terms as open source content, and fully interlinks

  3. PREFERENCE OF THE LISTED ENTITIES REGARDING THE SELECTION OF THE EXTERNAL AUDITOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulop Melinda Timea

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present research aims to highlight the importance of the external auditing in supporting corporate governance and the preference of the listed entities to be audited by the big audit companies. Given the proposed objectives of the research, our scientific method is based on a deductive approach from general to particular that combines quantitative and qualitative studies. The role of the external audit was analyzed by conducting a study of literature on two levels: a theoretical-conceptual level in terms of economic theories and an empirical-practical level based on literature from which we extracted through a content analysis the defining elements of the audit work quality. Falling within the scope of the study, we evaluated the preference of the listed entities to be audited by the Big Four. To this end we used the content analysis of the publicly posted audit reports for the period 2005-2009. Our research results show that although we are a country with an emerging capital market development, the entities in the I-st category on the Bucharest Stock Exchange tend to an audit conducted by one of the big audit companies. Another result arising from our study is that the entities of the I-st category on the Bucharest Stock Exchange become more transparent from a year to another. Whether for the year 2005 we find only 12 audit reports publicly posted, in 2007 we can find 21 audit reports publicly posted. The trend of the large entities audited shows that the preference of the entities to be audited by one of the Big Four is higher from a year to another. The preparation of the financial statements and their audit must be done according to regulations for the currently period. The presumption found in the literature according to which the large entities are audited by the big audit companies which provide higher audit quality is confirmed in the case of our national country as well.

  4. Hierarchical Model for the Similarity Measurement of a Complex Holed-Region Entity Scene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanlong Chen

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Complex multi-holed-region entity scenes (i.e., sets of random region with holes are common in spatial database systems, spatial query languages, and the Geographic Information System (GIS. A multi-holed-region (region with an arbitrary number of holes is an abstraction of the real world that primarily represents geographic objects that have more than one interior boundary, such as areas that contain several lakes or lakes that contain islands. When the similarity of the two complex holed-region entity scenes is measured, the number of regions in the scenes and the number of holes in the regions are usually different between the two scenes, which complicates the matching relationships of holed-regions and holes. The aim of this research is to develop several holed-region similarity metrics and propose a hierarchical model to measure comprehensively the similarity between two complex holed-region entity scenes. The procedure first divides a complex entity scene into three layers: a complex scene, a micro-spatial-scene, and a simple entity (hole. The relationships between the adjacent layers are considered to be sets of relationships, and each level of similarity measurements is nested with the adjacent one. Next, entity matching is performed from top to bottom, while the similarity results are calculated from local to global. In addition, we utilize position graphs to describe the distribution of the holed-regions and subsequently describe the directions between the holes using a feature matrix. A case study that uses the Great Lakes in North America in 1986 and 2015 as experimental data illustrates the entire similarity measurement process between two complex holed-region entity scenes. The experimental results show that the hierarchical model accounts for the relationships of the different layers in the entire complex holed-region entity scene. The model can effectively calculate the similarity of complex holed-region entity scenes, even if the

  5. Using Nanoinformatics Methods for Automatically Identifying Relevant Nanotoxicology Entities from the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel García-Remesal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nanoinformatics is an emerging research field that uses informatics techniques to collect, process, store, and retrieve data, information, and knowledge on nanoparticles, nanomaterials, and nanodevices and their potential applications in health care. In this paper, we have focused on the solutions that nanoinformatics can provide to facilitate nanotoxicology research. For this, we have taken a computational approach to automatically recognize and extract nanotoxicology-related entities from the scientific literature. The desired entities belong to four different categories: nanoparticles, routes of exposure, toxic effects, and targets. The entity recognizer was trained using a corpus that we specifically created for this purpose and was validated by two nanomedicine/nanotoxicology experts. We evaluated the performance of our entity recognizer using 10-fold cross-validation. The precisions range from 87.6% (targets to 93.0% (routes of exposure, while recall values range from 82.6% (routes of exposure to 87.4% (toxic effects. These results prove the feasibility of using computational approaches to reliably perform different named entity recognition (NER-dependent tasks, such as for instance augmented reading or semantic searches. This research is a “proof of concept” that can be expanded to stimulate further developments that could assist researchers in managing data, information, and knowledge at the nanolevel, thus accelerating research in nanomedicine.

  6. Agreeements between entities within the public sector and public procurement rules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Huergo Lora

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how European and Spanish public procurement rules tackle agreements between entities within the public sector. In Spain these agreemets were initially above those rules, but now they cannot have the same object as a contract. Spanish law is not in line with European law, since under European law agreements are valid even if their object could be attained with a contract, provided that they meet some requirements. On the other hand, attention is paid to these requisites, laid down by Eurepean law, in order to ascertain if agreements are asked to comply with harder rules than «in house providing», and if it has to be so. Public entities are not obliged to «buy» if they can fulfill their needs with their own resources. And «their own resources» include the resources of entities or bodies closely related, or even any entity within the public sector. Otherwise decentralized States, in which there are many autonomous entities whose cooperation involves agreements between independent bodies, would be impaired.

  7. Discovery of Predicate-Oriented Relations among Named Entities Extracted from Thai Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tongtep, Nattapong; Theeramunkong, Thanaruk

    Extracting named entities (NEs) and their relations is more difficult in Thai than in other languages due to several Thai specific characteristics, including no explicit boundaries for words, phrases and sentences; few case markers and modifier clues; high ambiguity in compound words and serial verbs; and flexible word orders. Unlike most previous works which focused on NE relations of specific actions, such as work_for, live_in, located_in, and kill, this paper proposes more general types of NE relations, called predicate-oriented relation (PoR), where an extracted action part (verb) is used as a core component to associate related named entities extracted from Thai Texts. Lacking a practical parser for the Thai language, we present three types of surface features, i.e. punctuation marks (such as token spaces), entity types and the number of entities and then apply five alternative commonly used learning schemes to investigate their performance on predicate-oriented relation extraction. The experimental results show that our approach achieves the F-measure of 97.76%, 99.19%, 95.00% and 93.50% on four different types of predicate-oriented relation (action-location, location-action, action-person and person-action) in crime-related news documents using a data set of 1,736 entity pairs. The effects of NE extraction techniques, feature sets and class unbalance on the performance of relation extraction are explored.

  8. Data fusion in cyber security: first order entity extraction from common cyber data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacobe, Nicklaus A.

    2012-06-01

    The Joint Directors of Labs Data Fusion Process Model (JDL Model) provides a framework for how to handle sensor data to develop higher levels of inference in a complex environment. Beginning from a call to leverage data fusion techniques in intrusion detection, there have been a number of advances in the use of data fusion algorithms in this subdomain of cyber security. While it is tempting to jump directly to situation-level or threat-level refinement (levels 2 and 3) for more exciting inferences, a proper fusion process starts with lower levels of fusion in order to provide a basis for the higher fusion levels. The process begins with first order entity extraction, or the identification of important entities represented in the sensor data stream. Current cyber security operational tools and their associated data are explored for potential exploitation, identifying the first order entities that exist in the data and the properties of these entities that are described by the data. Cyber events that are represented in the data stream are added to the first order entities as their properties. This work explores typical cyber security data and the inferences that can be made at the lower fusion levels (0 and 1) with simple metrics. Depending on the types of events that are expected by the analyst, these relatively simple metrics can provide insight on their own, or could be used in fusion algorithms as a basis for higher levels of inference.

  9. Using Nanoinformatics Methods for Automatically Identifying Relevant Nanotoxicology Entities from the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Remesal, Miguel; García-Ruiz, Alejandro; Pérez-Rey, David; de la Iglesia, Diana; Maojo, Víctor

    2013-01-01

    Nanoinformatics is an emerging research field that uses informatics techniques to collect, process, store, and retrieve data, information, and knowledge on nanoparticles, nanomaterials, and nanodevices and their potential applications in health care. In this paper, we have focused on the solutions that nanoinformatics can provide to facilitate nanotoxicology research. For this, we have taken a computational approach to automatically recognize and extract nanotoxicology-related entities from the scientific literature. The desired entities belong to four different categories: nanoparticles, routes of exposure, toxic effects, and targets. The entity recognizer was trained using a corpus that we specifically created for this purpose and was validated by two nanomedicine/nanotoxicology experts. We evaluated the performance of our entity recognizer using 10-fold cross-validation. The precisions range from 87.6% (targets) to 93.0% (routes of exposure), while recall values range from 82.6% (routes of exposure) to 87.4% (toxic effects). These results prove the feasibility of using computational approaches to reliably perform different named entity recognition (NER)-dependent tasks, such as for instance augmented reading or semantic searches. This research is a “proof of concept” that can be expanded to stimulate further developments that could assist researchers in managing data, information, and knowledge at the nanolevel, thus accelerating research in nanomedicine. PMID:23509721

  10. Exploiting the contextual cues for bio-entity name recognition in biomedical literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhihao; Lin, Hongfei; Li, Yanpeng

    2008-08-01

    To extract biomedical information about bio-entities from the huge amount of biomedical literature, the first key step is recognizing their names in these literatures, which remains a challenging task due to the irregularities and ambiguities in bio-entities nomenclature. The recognition performances of the current popular methods, machine learning techniques, still have much space to be improved. This paper presents a Conditional Random Field-based approach used to recognize the names of bio-entities including gene, protein, cell type, cell line and studies the methods of improving the performance by the exploitation of the contextual cues including bracket pair, heuristic syntax structure and interaction words cue. Experiment results on both JNLPBA2004 and BioCreative2004 task 1A datasets show that these methods can improve Conditional Random Field-based recognition performance by more than 2 points in F-score.

  11. Empirical study regarding the quality of communication within the economic entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgiana SUSMANSCHI (BADEA

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We considered appropriate to study issues concerning communication between hierarchical structures within an economic entity. This lead us to a better understanding of how it is viewed and understood management, mainly the management system in the Romanian economic entities nowadays. In order to determine the degree of efficiency of communication within companies a set of questionnaires were used as primary data sources. In this respect, we believe that some benefits can be brought by this study for the entity such as gaining a better understanding of the role and the place it has the function of communication within the company and can become the basis of a plan of action to continuously improve communication.

  12. MULTISECTORAL MODELS FOR ADVANCED KNOWLEDGE IN CULTURE AND SPORTS ORGANIZATIONAL ENTITIES, IN SMALL AND MEDIUM COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai-Daian, CEAUSU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article used to identify functional and operational links, and determining the quasi-unlimited ecoknowledge in organizational culture and sports entities, in small and medium firms. It is shown that, in fact, increased in absolute economic indicators of ontemporary productive firms, in organizational culture and sports entities explained increasingly by innovation, springing from some new features, on specific contemporary environment organized / structured in corporate regime, by functional and operational knowledge based economy. Conclusion, for Romania, in the context above, is that the country needs explicit modeling technology diffusion in the structure of the economic climate, by modelers increasingly integrated, including organizational culture and sports entities in small and medium firms.

  13. The Effect of IFRS Adoption on the Financial Reports of Local Government Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamran Ahmed

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyse the changes in accounting surplus (loss, equity and assets, and liabilities as a result of accounting policy changes from the Australian Accounting Standards (AAS to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS in Australian local government entities. Using the reconciliation notes disclosed by 117 local government entities, evidence is provided on the effects of IFRS adoption by identifying the key items that of difference between IFRS and AASB. The results show some differences between two sets of accounts prepared under these different accounting standards. While the average surplus (loss of local councils has decreased, their equities, assets and liabilities have increased, with no major significant changes in their overall financial position, except for liabilities. These results indicate the possible consequences of the adoption of IFRS by local government entities in other countries on performance indicators who have or are yet to implement these standards.

  14. tmChem: a high performance approach for chemical named entity recognition and normalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Chemical compounds and drugs are an important class of entities in biomedical research with great potential in a wide range of applications, including clinical medicine. Locating chemical named entities in the literature is a useful step in chemical text mining pipelines for identifying the chemical mentions, their properties, and their relationships as discussed in the literature. We introduce the tmChem system, a chemical named entity recognizer created by combining two independent machine learning models in an ensemble. We use the corpus released as part of the recent CHEMDNER task to develop and evaluate tmChem, achieving a micro-averaged f-measure of 0.8739 on the CEM subtask (mention-level evaluation) and 0.8745 f-measure on the CDI subtask (abstract-level evaluation). We also report a high-recall combination (0.9212 for CEM and 0.9224 for CDI). tmChem achieved the highest f-measure reported in the CHEMDNER task for the CEM subtask, and the high recall variant achieved the highest recall on both the CEM and CDI tasks. We report that tmChem is a state-of-the-art tool for chemical named entity recognition and that performance for chemical named entity recognition has now tied (or exceeded) the performance previously reported for genes and diseases. Future research should focus on tighter integration between the named entity recognition and normalization steps for improved performance. The source code and a trained model for both models of tmChem is available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CBBresearch/Lu/Demo/tmChem. The results of running tmChem (Model 2) on PubMed are available in PubTator: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CBBresearch/Lu/Demo/PubTator PMID:25810774

  15. An Examination of the Efficiency of Polish Public Sector Entities Based on Public Prosecutor Offices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Guzowska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents results of research on the efficiency of public prosecution organizational units by means of the DEA method. The study covered 45 public prosecution regions, whose technical and cost efficiency were analyzed. It also examined the impact of the returns-to-scale effect on their overall efficiency. Additionally, the authors present potential savings that could be achieved if units considered to be inefficient improved their efficiency. The results obtained show that the DEA method is very useful in analyzing the efficiency of public sector entities when a given service is rendered by more than ten such entities. (original abstract

  16. The Economic Risks Arising from the Analysis of the Balance Sheet of an Economic Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Mihaela Marin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Any economic entity operates under probability and risk. In a general acceptation, risk means the validity of the result obtained under pressure of the economic environment; in other words, the risk is the potential damage posed to heritage, interests and affect the entity. In this paper we want to capture, the calculation in terms of the balance sheet analysis of the three risks, which can be measured on the basis of the balance sheet data and indicators, namely: the operational risk, financial risk, and the risk of bankruptcy.

  17. Data Matching Concepts and Techniques for Record Linkage, Entity Resolution, and Duplicate Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Christen, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Data matching (also known as record or data linkage, entity resolution, object identification, or field matching) is the task of identifying, matching and merging records that correspond to the same entities from several databases or even within one database. Based on research in various domains including applied statistics, health informatics, data mining, machine learning, artificial intelligence, database management, and digital libraries, significant advances have been achieved over the last decade in all aspects of the data matching process, especially on how to improve the accuracy of da

  18. AUDIT OPINIONS FOR LISTED ENTITIES FOR THE FIRST CATEGORY ON THE ROMANIEN STOCK EXCHANGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melinda Timea Fülöp

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available By the opinion included in the auditor report, the auditor ensures the users about the fact that the financial information presented in the financial statements is trustworthy, partially trustworthy or not trustworthy. In this study we analyzed the auditors’ opinion received by the entities listed in the first category on the Stock Exchange Bucharest.Our aim was to check if the auditor changement changes also the opinion. For this reason the period toked into consideration is more than 7 years ( 2005-2012. The future research directions aim at extending the analysis on entities from the 2nd category quoted on the stock exchange.

  19. Myeloid Neoplasms with Germline Predisposition: A New Provisional Entity Within the World Health Organization Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuchlewski, David R; Peterson, LoAnn C

    2016-03-01

    The forthcoming update of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematopoietic neoplasms will feature "Myeloid Neoplasms with Germline Predisposition" as a new provisional diagnostic entity. This designation will be applied to some cases of acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome arising in the setting of constitutional mutations that render patients susceptible to the development of myeloid malignancies. For the diagnostic pathologist, recognizing these cases and confirming the diagnosis will demand a sophisticated grasp of clinical genetics and molecular techniques. This article presents a concise review of this new provisional WHO entity, including strategies for clinical practice. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Entropy and Graph Based Modelling of Document Coherence using Discourse Entities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Casper; Lioma, Christina; Simonsen, Jakob Grue

    2015-01-01

    ] that represents text as a graph of discourse entities, linked by different relations, such as their distance or adjacency in text. We use several graph topology metrics to approximate different aspects of the discourse flow that can indicate coherence, such as the average clustering or betweenness of discourse...

  1. 75 FR 42485 - Additional Designation of Entities and Individuals Pursuant to Executive Order 12978

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... is as follows: Individuals 1. ARISTIZABAL MEJIA, Diego, c/o BOSQUES DE AGUA SOCIEDAD POR ACCIONES...); (INDIVIDUAL) . 4. MEJIA MOLINA, Luis Bernardo, c/o BOSQUES DE AGUA SOCIEDAD POR ACCIONES SIMPLIFICADA... (Colombia); (INDIVIDUAL) . Entities 1. BOSQUES DE AGUA SOCIEDAD POR ACCIONES SIMPLIFICADA, Carrera 43A No...

  2. 27 CFR 479.104 - Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... each firearm covered by the application, show the location where each firearm usually will be kept, and... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Registration of firearms by certain governmental entities. 479.104 Section 479.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms...

  3. A Novel Approach towards Medical Entity Recognition in Chinese Clinical Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Liang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Medical entity recognition, a basic task in the language processing of clinical data, has been extensively studied in analyzing admission notes in alphabetic languages such as English. However, much less work has been done on nonstructural texts that are written in Chinese, or in the setting of differentiation of Chinese drug names between traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Here, we propose a novel cascade-type Chinese medication entity recognition approach that aims at integrating the sentence category classifier from a support vector machine and the conditional random field-based medication entity recognition. We hypothesized that this approach could avoid the side effects of abundant negative samples and improve the performance of the named entity recognition from admission notes written in Chinese. Therefore, we applied this approach to a test set of 324 Chinese-written admission notes with manual annotation by medical experts. Our data demonstrated that this approach had a score of 94.2% in precision, 92.8% in recall, and 93.5% in F-measure for the recognition of traditional Chinese medicine drug names and 91.2% in precision, 92.6% in recall, and 91.7% F-measure for the recognition of Western medicine drug names. The differences in F-measure were significant compared with those in the baseline systems.

  4. 76 FR 16604 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Procedure for Parties on the Entity List To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Procedure for Parties.... No. 1. The Entity List is used to inform the public of certain parties whose presence in a...

  5. 77 FR 75780 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-64; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-64; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  6. 76 FR 18324 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-51; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-51; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been...-51, which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  7. 78 FR 38537 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-68; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-68; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  8. 76 FR 4191 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-49; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-49; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). Interested parties may obtain further information regarding these rules by referring to FAC 2005-49, which precedes this document. The documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  9. 78 FR 46796 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-69; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-69; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  10. 75 FR 38691 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-43; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov . FOR... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-43; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... Benefit Act of 2003 (15 U.S.C. 657f) and the Small Business Administration's regulation (13 CFR 125.20...

  11. 77 FR 12947 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-56; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-56; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  12. 75 FR 14067 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-40; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The analyst whose name... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-40; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Interested parties may obtain further information regarding this...

  13. 76 FR 39243 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-53; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-53; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been...-53, which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  14. 75 FR 39420 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-44; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The analyst whose name... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-44; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Interested parties may obtain further information regarding this...

  15. 78 FR 13769 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-66; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-66; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  16. 77 FR 23371 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-58; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-58; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  17. 77 FR 27551 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-59; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-59; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). Interested parties may obtain further information regarding this rule by referring to FAC 2005-59, which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http...

  18. 77 FR 13956 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-57; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-57; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). Interested parties may obtain further information regarding this rule by referring to FAC 2005-57, which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http...

  19. 77 FR 44066 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-60; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-60; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  20. 77 FR 73520 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-63; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-63; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  1. 77 FR 69726 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-62; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-62; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... Regulation (FAR). An asterisk (*) next to a rule indicates that a regulatory flexibility analysis has been..., which precedes this document. These documents are also available via the Internet at http://www...

  2. 76 FR 34805 - Designation of Three Entities and One Individual Pursuant to Executive Order 13553

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... REPUBLIC OF IRAN (a.k.a. IRANIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT FORCES; a.k.a. IRANIAN POLICE; a.k.a. NAJA; a.k.a. NIRUYIH.... MOGHADDAM, Esmaeel Ahmadi; a.k.a. MOGHADDAM, Ismail Ahmadi); DOB 1961; POB Tehran, Iran; Head of Iranian Police; Chief, Iran's Law Enforcement (individual) Entities ISLAMIC REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS (a.k.a...

  3. Structured Document Retrieval, Multimedia Retrieval, and Entity Ranking Using PF/Tijah

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Tsikrika (Theodora); P. Serdyukov; H. Rode (Henning); T.H.W. Westerveld (Thijs); R. Aly; D. Hiemstra; A.P. de Vries (Arjen); N. Fuhr; M. Lalmas; A. Trotman

    2007-01-01

    textabstractCWI and University of Twente used PF/Tijah, a flexible XML retrieval system, to evaluate structured document retrieval, multimedia retrieval, and entity ranking tasks in the context of INEX 2007. For the retrieval of textual and multimedia elements in the Wikipedia data, we investigated

  4. Structured Document Retrieval, Multimedia Retrieval, and Entity Ranking Using PF/Tijah

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Tsikrika (Theodora); P. Serdyukov; H. Rode (Henning); T.H.W. Westerveld (Thijs); R. Aly; D. Hiemstra; A.P. de Vries (Arjen); N. Fuhr; M. Lalmas; A. Trotman; J. Kamps

    2008-01-01

    textabstractCWI and University of Twente used PF/Tijah, a flexible XML retrieval system, to evaluate structured document retrieval, multi-media retrieval, and entity ranking tasks in the context of INEX 2007. For the retrieval of textual and multimedia elements in the Wikipedia data, we investigated

  5. Structured Document Retrieval, Multimedia Retrieval, and Entity Ranking Using PF/Tijah

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tsikrika, Theodora; Serdyukov, Pavel; Rode, H.; Westerveld, T.H.W.; Aly, Robin; Hiemstra, Djoerd; de Vries, A.P.

    2008-01-01

    CWI and University of Twente used PF/Tijah, a flexible XML retrieval system, to evaluate structured document retrieval, multimedia retrieval, and entity ranking tasks in the context of INEX 2007. For the retrieval of textual and multimedia elements in the Wikipedia data, we investigated various

  6. Named Entity Extraction and Linking Challenge: University of Twente at #Microposts2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habib, Mena Badieh; van Keulen, Maurice; Zhu, Zhemin; Rowe, Matthew; Stankovic, Milan; Dadzie, Aba-Sah

    Twitter is a potentially rich source of continuously and instantly updated information. Shortness and informality of tweets are challenges for Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. In this paper, we present a hybrid approach for Named Entity Extraction (NEE)and Linking (NEL) for tweets. Although

  7. 8 CFR 299.4 - Reproduction of Public Use Forms by public and private entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... forms currently in use with respect to: (i) Size, (ii) Wording and language, (iii) Arrangement, style... Nonimmigrant (F-1) Student Status—For Academic and Language Students, private entities may generate this form... font style as the body of the form. (2) The final form must match the design, format, and dimensions of...

  8. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... schedule of royalty rates: (1) For all such compositions in the repertory of ASCAP, in 2003, $460; in 2004... royalty rate. The public broadcasting entity shall pay the required royalty rate to ASCAP, BMI and SESAC... this section shall furnish to ASCAP, BMI and SESAC, upon request, a music-use report during one week of...

  9. 37 CFR 381.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... following schedule of royalty rates: (1) For all such compositions in the repertory of ASCAP, the royalty.... The public broadcasting entity shall pay the required royalty rate to ASCAP, BMI and SESAC not later... exact copy of such declaration shall be furnished to each of ASCAP, BMI and SESAC. Upon prior written...

  10. Lymphocytic colitis: a distinct clinical entity? A clinicopathological confrontation of lymphocytic and collagenous colitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baert, F.; Wouters, K.; D'Haens, G.; Hoang, P.; Naegels, S.; D'Heygere, F.; Holvoet, J.; Louis, E.; Devos, M.; Geboes, K.

    1999-01-01

    It is not known whether lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis represent different clinical entities or constitute part of a spectrum of disease. Detailed clinical features and histological findings were compared in a large series of patients with confirmed lymphocytic and collagenous colitis.

  11. 15 CFR 19.15 - How will Commerce entities refer Commerce debts to private collection agencies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How will Commerce entities refer Commerce debts to private collection agencies? 19.15 Section 19.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce Debts § 19.15 How will...

  12. 78 FR 21308 - Medicare Program; Physicians' Referrals to Health Care Entities With Which They Have Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ...; Physicians' Referrals to Health Care Entities With Which They Have Financial Relationships: Exception for... period on the following Web site as soon as possible after they have been received: http://www... 1989, we have published a series of final rules interpreting the statute and promulgating numerous...

  13. 78 FR 78751 - Medicare Program; Physicians' Referrals to Health Care Entities With Which They Have Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ...; Physicians' Referrals to Health Care Entities With Which They Have Financial Relationships: Exception for... abuse. Since the original enactment of the statute in 1989, we have published a series of final rules...(2). It is also not economically significant, because it will not have a significant effect on...

  14. 75 FR 77745 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-47; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-47; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... a summary of rules appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-47, which amend the FAR. An... 17.5 now addresses all interagency acquisitions, not just those made under the Economy Act authority...

  15. 76 FR 68044 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-54; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-54; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCY: Department... rules appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-54, which amend the Federal Acquisition... (FAR Case 2009-006) This final rule amends the FAR to implement Executive Order (E.O.) 13494, Economy...

  16. 75 FR 19179 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-41; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-13

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-41; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... the summary of the rule appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-41 which amends the... construction projects where the total cost to the Government is $25 million or more in order to promote economy...

  17. 75 FR 18849 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis in Shell Eggs During...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Small Entity Compliance Guide: Prevention of Salmonella... availability of a guidance entitled ``Prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis in Shell Eggs During Production... producers to implement measures to prevent Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) from contaminating eggs on the farm...

  18. 75 FR 14607 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Bottled Water: Total Coliform and E. coli

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... and E. coli; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food... ``Bottled Water: Total Coliform and E. coli--Small Entity Compliance Guide'' for a final rule published in... are Escherichia coli (E. coli), an indicator of fecal contamination. FDA also amended its bottled...

  19. 77 FR 31806 - Changes to Implement Micro Entity Status for Paying Patent Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office 37 CFR Part 1 RIN 0651-AC78 Changes to Implement Micro Entity Status for Paying Patent Fees AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office) is proposing...

  20. 77 FR 75019 - Changes To Implement Micro Entity Status for Paying Patent Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... Patent and Trademark Office 37 CFR Part 1 RIN 0651-AC78 Changes To Implement Micro Entity Status for Paying Patent Fees AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office) is revising the rules of practice in...

  1. Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery: a new clinical entity

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SASA Refresher Course Texts: Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery: a new clinical entity. 24. 2014;20(1). South Afr J Anaesth Analg. References. 1. Devereaux PJ, Chan MT, Alonso-Coello P, et al. Association between postoperative troponin levels and 30-day mortality among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery ...

  2. 20 CFR 668.292 - How does a designated entity become an INA grantee?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... designated entity becomes a grantee on the effective date of an executed grant agreement, signed by the authorized official of the grantee organization and the Grant Officer. The grant agreement includes a set of... other appropriate requirements. Funds are released to the grantee upon approval of the required planning...

  3. 76 FR 76037 - Extending Religious and Family Member FICA and FUTA Exceptions to Disregarded Entities; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    .... 301.7701-2(c)(2)(i) (relating to certain wholly owned entities) does not apply to taxes imposed under...). Section 301.7701-2(c)(2)(i) also applies to taxes imposed under Subtitle A, including Chapter 2--Tax on... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...

  4. 31 CFR 30.2 - Q-2: To what entities does this part apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR COMPENSATION AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE § 30.2 Q-2: To what entities does this part apply? This... during which any obligation to the Federal government arising from financial assistance provided under... government arising from financial assistance provided under the TARP, and no further financial assistance...

  5. 76 FR 29183 - Exclusion of Orphan Drugs for Certain Covered Entities Under 340B Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... selling orphan drugs through the 340B Program to the newly- eligible covered entities to avoid best price... manufacturers have stated that they will stop selling orphan drugs through the 340B Program to newly-eligible... Social Security Act); (2) A family planning project receiving a grant or contract under section 1001 of...

  6. 77 FR 71097 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    ... List AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This rule amends... consist of two entries in Pakistan. This rule is also revising one existing entry in the U.A.E. to clarify... entities, BIS seeks to assist legitimate exporters, reexporters and transferors, and other parties...

  7. 29 CFR 510.24 - Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Governmental entities eligible for minimum wage phase-in..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM WAGE PROVISIONS OF THE 1989 AMENDMENTS TO THE... eligible for minimum wage phase-in. (a) The Commonwealth government of Puerto Rico has been determined to...

  8. 76 FR 37029 - Margin and Capital Requirements For Covered Swap Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... CFR Part 1221 RIN 2590-AA45 Margin and Capital Requirements For Covered Swap Entities AGENCY: Office... Register a joint notice of proposed rulemaking for public comment to establish minimum margin and capital... comment period for similar margin and capital requirements proposed by the Commodity Futures Trading...

  9. 78 FR 44016 - Exclusion of Orphan Drugs for Certain Covered Entities Under 340B Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ... Cosmetic Act for a rare disease or condition. Congress passed the Orphan Drug Act of 1983 to stimulate the... Development, administers the Orphan Drug Act and reviews requests for designations. A drug is designated by... HUMAN SERVICES 42 CFR Part 10 RIN 0906-AA94 Exclusion of Orphan Drugs for Certain Covered Entities Under...

  10. Discrete versus Probabilistic Sequence Classifiers for Domain-specific Entity Chunking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Canisius, S.V.M.; van den Bosch, A.; Daelemans, W.; Schobbens, P.-Y.; Vanhof, W.; Schwanen, G.

    2006-01-01

    We present a comparative case study of discrete and probabilistic sequence classification methods applied to two real-world entity chunking tasks in the medical domain. It is shown that a discrete version of maximum-entropy models that does not coordinate its decisions is outperformed by both

  11. 78 FR 42484 - Small Entity Size Standards Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Chapter X Small Entity Size Standards Under the Regulatory Flexibility... standards for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) and request for public comment. SUMMARY: The...

  12. 78 FR 14914 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... associated with military procurement activities, including the development of computer systems for military... involves a military or foreign affairs function of the United States. (See 5 U.S.C. Sec. 553(a)(1)). BIS..., in alphabetical order, one Russian entity; and 0 c. By adding under Taiwan, in alphabetical order...

  13. 75 FR 29884 - Implementation of Changes from the 2009 Annual Review of the Entity List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... eleven destinations on the Entity List: Canada, Egypt, Germany, Hong Kong, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon... under the destinations of Armenia, Ireland or Taiwan were not included in the 2009 annual review because...: Canada, Egypt, Germany, Hong Kong, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, South Korea, Singapore, and the...

  14. 20 CFR 641.460 - How will the Department examine the responsibility of eligible entities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... responsibility of eligible entities? 641.460 Section 641.460 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Application, Eligibility, and Award Requirements § 641.460 How will the Department examine the responsibility... applicant's overall fiscal and administrative ability to manage Federal funds. The Department's...

  15. 75 FR 54689 - Additional Designation of an Entity Pursuant to Executive Order 13382

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... General, has determined that three North Korean entities, the Second Academy of Natural Sciences (SANS... exceptions, all property and interests in property that are in the United States, or that hereafter come within the United States or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of United States...

  16. 78 FR 23194 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Commercial and Government Entity Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... http://www.regulations.gov , including any personal and/or business confidential information provided... contractor personnel outside the United States; and Support supply chain traceability and integrity efforts... and Government Entity Code A new subpart is proposed to include scope, policy, and definitions for the...

  17. 75 FR 66411 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Women-Owned Small Business Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-28

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Entity Compliance Guide: Women-Owned Small Business Program AGENCY: Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice: Availability of Compliance Guide. SUMMARY: The Small Business Administration (SBA) is announcing the availability of a compliance guide for the Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB...

  18. 76 FR 68039 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Successor Entities to the Netherlands Antilles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... Regulation; Successor Entities to the Netherlands Antilles AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DoD), General... status of the islands that comprised the Netherlands Antilles. DATES: Effective Date: November 2, 2011.... Background The Netherlands Antilles was designated as a beneficiary country under the Caribbean Basin...

  19. 76 FR 38053 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Successor Entities to the Netherlands Antilles...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Regulation Supplement; Successor Entities to the Netherlands Antilles (DFARS Case 2011-D029) AGENCY: Defense... the change in the political status of the islands that comprised the Netherlands Antilles. DATES... became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius now...

  20. PKDE4J: Entity and relation extraction for public knowledge discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Min; Kim, Won Chul; Lee, Dahee; Heo, Go Eun; Kang, Keun Young

    2015-10-01

    Due to an enormous number of scientific publications that cannot be handled manually, there is a rising interest in text-mining techniques for automated information extraction, especially in the biomedical field. Such techniques provide effective means of information search, knowledge discovery, and hypothesis generation. Most previous studies have primarily focused on the design and performance improvement of either named entity recognition or relation extraction. In this paper, we present PKDE4J, a comprehensive text-mining system that integrates dictionary-based entity extraction and rule-based relation extraction in a highly flexible and extensible framework. Starting with the Stanford CoreNLP, we developed the system to cope with multiple types of entities and relations. The system also has fairly good performance in terms of accuracy as well as the ability to configure text-processing components. We demonstrate its competitive performance by evaluating it on many corpora and found that it surpasses existing systems with average F-measures of 85% for entity extraction and 81% for relation extraction. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. 77 FR 33949 - Statement of Policy Regarding the Conformance Period for Entities Engaged in Prohibited...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... section on proprietary trading activities and on hedge fund and private equity funds activities... Conformance Period for Entities Engaged in Prohibited Proprietary Trading or Private Equity Fund or Hedge Fund... in, or relationships with, a hedge fund or private equity fund (each a ``covered fund'').\\4\\ As...

  2. 76 FR 8265 - Conformance Period for Entities Engaged in Prohibited Proprietary Trading or Private Equity Fund...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ... was dependent on market conditions at a future date, it would be difficult or impossible for banking... the conformance period during which banking entities and nonbank financial companies supervised by the...) 452-5270, Legal Division; David K. Lynch, Division of Banking Supervision and Regulation, Board of...

  3. 40 CFR 33.205 - How does an entity become certified by EPA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does an entity become certified by EPA? 33.205 Section 33.205 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE PARTICIPATION BY DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL...

  4. Classification of Pinus patula, P. tecunumanii, P. oocarpa, P. caribaea var. hondurensis, and Related Taxonomic Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    A.E. Squillace; Jesse P. Perry

    1992-01-01

    Stem xylem terpenes of 75 pine populations were studied to determine relationships among taxonomic entities. Typical Pinus patula populations occurring in areas north and west of Oaxaca, Mexico, had very high proportions of 3-phellandrene and low proportions of other constituents. Terpene compositions of populations of variety longipeduncalatain...

  5. 24 CFR 965.205 - Qualified PHA-owned insurance entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... cost containment measures, as evidenced by an annual budget; (iv) The entity maintains sound... organizational documentation, as evidenced by copies of the articles of incorporation, by-laws, business plans... becoming effective. (d) Professional evaluations of performance. Audits and actuarial reviews are required...

  6. 45 CFR 2550.80 - What are the duties of the State entities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... regarding— (i) The economic impact of the roles of workers age 55 or older in the economy; (ii) The social... application described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section. (c) Preparation of Service Learning applications... for subtitle B school-based service learning programs. (2) The State entity may apply to the...

  7. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information; prohibition on dissemination. 4.37 Section 4.37 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY... § 4.37 Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. (a) Current... agreement to abide by, the prohibition on the dissemination of non-public OCC information contained in...

  8. Enhancing HMM-based biomedical named entity recognition by studying special phenomena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Shen, Dan; Zhou, Guodong; Su, Jian; Tan, Chew-Lim

    2004-12-01

    The purpose of this research is to enhance an HMM-based named entity recognizer in the biomedical domain. First, we analyze the characteristics of biomedical named entities. Then, we propose a rich set of features, including orthographic, morphological, part-of-speech, and semantic trigger features. All these features are integrated via a Hidden Markov Model with back-off modeling. Furthermore, we propose a method for biomedical abbreviation recognition and two methods for cascaded named entity recognition. Evaluation on the GENIA V3.02 and V1.1 shows that our system achieves 66.5 and 62.5 F-measure, respectively, and outperforms the previous best published system by 8.1 F-measure on the same experimental setting. The major contribution of this paper lies in its rich feature set specially designed for biomedical domain and the effective methods for abbreviation and cascaded named entity recognition. To our best knowledge, our system is the first one that copes with the cascaded phenomena.

  9. Semantic Classification of Bio-Entities Incorporating Predicate-Argument Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kyung-Mi; Rim, Hae-Chang

    In this paper, we propose new external context features for the semantic classification of bio-entities. In the previous approaches, the words located on the left or the right context of bio-entities are frequently used as the external context features. However, in our prior experiments, the external contexts in a flat representation did not improve the performance. In this study, we incorporate predicate-argument features into training the ME-based classifier. Through parsing and argument identification, we recognize biomedical verbs that have argument relations with the constituents including a bio-entity, and then use the predicate-argument structures as the external context features. The extraction of predicate-argument features can be done by performing two identification tasks: the biomedically salient word identification which determines whether a word is a biomedically salient word or not, and the target verb identification which identifies biomedical verbs that have argument relations with the constituents including a bio-entity. Experiments show that the performance of semantic classification in the bio domain can be improved by utilizing such predicate-argument features.

  10. Using anchor text, spam filtering and Wikipedia for web search and entity ranking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamps, J.; Kaptein, R.; Koolen, M.; Voorhees, E.M.; Buckland, L.P.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we document our efforts in participating to the TREC 2010 Entity Ranking and Web Tracks. We had multiple aims: For the Web Track we wanted to compare the effectiveness of anchor text of the category A and B collections and the impact of global document quality measures such as

  11. A guideline for public entities on cost-efficient procurement of PV assets

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bischof-Niemz, T

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available [w w w .k as ha n. co .z a] A guideline for public entities on cost-efficient procurement of PV assets 31st European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC 2015), Hamburg, Germany T Bischof-Niemz, KT RoRo* CSIR Energy Centre, Council...

  12. Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma (MASC of the salivary gland: A new tumor entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Damjanov

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC is a recently described low-grade malignant tumor of the salivary glands, biologically and morphologically equivalent to secretory breast carcinoma. We give a brief overview of this new entity, including morphological, immunohistochemical, molecular-genetic, clinical, epidemiologic features, differential diagnosis, and outcome results.

  13. Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma (MASC) of the salivary gland: A new tumor entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damjanov, Ivan; Skenderi, Faruk; Vranic, Semir

    2016-08-02

    Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described low-grade malignant tumor of the salivary glands, biologically and morphologically equivalent to secretory breast carcinoma. We give a brief overview of this new entity, including morphological, immunohistochemical, molecular-genetic, clinical, epidemiologic features, differential diagnosis, and outcome results.

  14. Introduction to the CoNLL-2003 Shared Task : Language-Independent Named Entity Recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjong Kim Sang, E.F.; De Meulder, F.; Daelemans, W.; Osborne, M.

    2003-01-01

    We describe the CoNLL-2003 shared task: language-independent named entity recognition. We give background information on the data sets (English and German) and the evaluation method, present and general overview of the systems that have taken part in the task and discuss their performance

  15. Introduction to the CoNLL-2002 Shared Task : Language-Independent Named Entity Recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjong Kim Sang, E.F.

    2002-01-01

    We describe the CoNLL-2002 shared task: language-independent named entity recognition. We give background information on the data sets and the evaluation method, present a general overview of the systems that have taken part in the task and discuss their performance.

  16. The Outline of Personhood Law Regarding Artificial Intelligences and Emulated Human Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muzyka, Kamil

    2013-12-01

    On the verge of technological breakthroughs, which define and revolutionize our understanding of intelligence, cognition, and personhood, especially when speaking of artificial intelligences and mind uploads, one must consider the legal implications of granting personhood rights to artificial intelligences or emulated human entities

  17. Case Report: Angiomyolipoma of the cervix – report of a rare entity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To the best of our knowledge, only 4 cases of AML in the cervix have been reported in the literature. Association of AML with tuberous sclerosis is well known. Presently AML is included in the spectrum of disease entities called PEComa. We report a case of AML without tuberous sclerosis arising from the uterine cervix, ...

  18. THE STOCKS ACCOUNTING EVALUATION AND ESTIMATION INFLUENCE ON THE ENTITY PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TULVINSCHI MIHAELA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Improving the performance of a company involves an operative and accurate measurement of the efforts and effects, the efficient use of the company resources and also identifying ways to reduce consumption, a category in which stocks occupy a significant position. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that the accounting information on stocks can not rely only on the accuracy assessment of past and current events, but must take into account estimations of future events, even if these involve uncertainty and risk taking. Different methods for evaluating stocks at the exit of the entity lead to different results but does not affect the entity performance. Opposed to the evaluation, when we speak about the accounting estimation, there is a significant freedom of action when choosing methods. The economic entity is always in the present, and for this reason it must take into consideration both the evaluation accuracy and the accounting estimations uncertainty. Estimating the net achievable value is influenced by the purpose for which the inventory is held. Accounting estimations are influenced by the judgment which is sometimes subjected to inherent bias, but this bias should not turn into a form of manipulating the entity's performance.

  19. A Snapshot of State Policies for Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arts Education Partnership, 2014

    2014-01-01

    It has been said that while history shapes the hand a state is dealt, public policy determines how the hand is played. State policy for K-12 education--and, by extension, for arts education--is shaped through the actions of various state governmental entities--governors, legislatures, courts, and commissioners and boards of education--in response…

  20. THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON THE RESTRUCTURING OPERATIONS OF AUDITED ENTITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berinde Sorin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study is based on public information provided by the National Trade Register Office regarding all audited entities within the county of Cluj. In accordance with the legal provisions, the audited entities must notify, in case they meet the legal requirements, if they contract financial audit jobs. The processed information refers to the connection of the management’s nature and the source of the capital for these entities with the frequency of the changes occurred in the structure of the entity and/or of the social capital. Operations of such nature, considered for the period 2005-2012, refer on one side to absorption mergers, dissolutions without liquidation followed by merger, partial divisions and transfer of the audited entity’s headquarters in other counties (positive operations and on the other side to operations of liquidation, insolvency, dissolution followed by liquidation, temporary suspension of activity for a maximum period of 3 years (negative operations. Positive operations are considered by authors to have as an impact the optimization of the indicators of financial position and/or performance, and the negative operations as those unlikely to meet the principle of activity continuity. The study aims to determine whether there is a correlation between a certain type of corporate governance on one side and the frequency of the two categories of changes in the structure of the activity and/or of the social capital. Conclusions are relevant for at least two reasons: the study is exhaustive, there have been taken into consideration all the audited entities in the county of Cluj and, moreover, the analyzed period is very expansive (the last seven financial years. On the other hand, from the previous studies it appears that within audited entities there is a higher preponderance of foreign management in comparison with a more moderate foreign investment. Relevant in this respect are the findings regarding the nature of the changes

  1. Active learning for ontological event extraction incorporating named entity recognition and unknown word handling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xu; Kim, Jung-jae; Kwoh, Chee Keong

    2016-01-01

    Biomedical text mining may target various kinds of valuable information embedded in the literature, but a critical obstacle to the extension of the mining targets is the cost of manual construction of labeled data, which are required for state-of-the-art supervised learning systems. Active learning is to choose the most informative documents for the supervised learning in order to reduce the amount of required manual annotations. Previous works of active learning, however, focused on the tasks of entity recognition and protein-protein interactions, but not on event extraction tasks for multiple event types. They also did not consider the evidence of event participants, which might be a clue for the presence of events in unlabeled documents. Moreover, the confidence scores of events produced by event extraction systems are not reliable for ranking documents in terms of informativity for supervised learning. We here propose a novel committee-based active learning method that supports multi-event extraction tasks and employs a new statistical method for informativity estimation instead of using the confidence scores from event extraction systems. Our method is based on a committee of two systems as follows: We first employ an event extraction system to filter potential false negatives among unlabeled documents, from which the system does not extract any event. We then develop a statistical method to rank the potential false negatives of unlabeled documents 1) by using a language model that measures the probabilities of the expression of multiple events in documents and 2) by using a named entity recognition system that locates the named entities that can be event arguments (e.g. proteins). The proposed method further deals with unknown words in test data by using word similarity measures. We also apply our active learning method for the task of named entity recognition. We evaluate the proposed method against the BioNLP Shared Tasks datasets, and show that our method

  2. Automatic extraction of semantic relations between medical entities: a rule based approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Abacha Asma

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Information extraction is a complex task which is necessary to develop high-precision information retrieval tools. In this paper, we present the platform MeTAE (Medical Texts Annotation and Exploration. MeTAE allows (i to extract and annotate medical entities and relationships from medical texts and (ii to explore semantically the produced RDF annotations. Results Our annotation approach relies on linguistic patterns and domain knowledge and consists in two steps: (i recognition of medical entities and (ii identification of the correct semantic relation between each pair of entities. The first step is achieved by an enhanced use of MetaMap which improves the precision obtained by MetaMap by 19.59% in our evaluation. The second step relies on linguistic patterns which are built semi-automatically from a corpus selected according to semantic criteria. We evaluate our system’s ability to identify medical entities of 16 types. We also evaluate the extraction of treatment relations between a treatment (e.g. medication and a problem (e.g. disease: we obtain 75.72% precision and 60.46% recall. Conclusions According to our experiments, using an external sentence segmenter and noun phrase chunker may improve the precision of MetaMap-based medical entity recognition. Our pattern-based relation extraction method obtains good precision and recall w.r.t related works. A more precise comparison with related approaches remains difficult however given the differences in corpora and in the exact nature of the extracted relations. The selection of MEDLINE articles through queries related to known drug-disease pairs enabled us to obtain a more focused corpus of relevant examples of treatment relations than a more general MEDLINE query.

  3. Competitive Advantages of Effective Relationships of Business Entities as a Basis for Economic Development of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Butenko Nataliia V.

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to determine the transformation of sense of relationships between business entities in the national economy as well as basic ideas and principles of forming competitive advantages of effective relationships. The objective preconditions for the transition from the confrontation strategy to relationships as a basis of interaction of business entities in the structure of the national economy are analyzed. It is determined that the weakening of the antagonistic dominant of competitive relations and the growing importance of a constructive component of partnership has become a background of the desire of business entities to establish effective relationships. The attention is focused on the trends of the cooperation and integration approach to competitive behavior, which is manifested in such forms of competitive interactions as coordination, constructive interaction and competitive collaboration in order to achieve individual and common goals of competitive relationships of the entities. The competitive advantages based on establishing long-term and effective relationships are considered. The peculiarities in the formation of the system of relationships in the insurance market are justified, in particular the causes hindering the development of relationships in the sphere of security are determined, the main partners — entities in the system of relationships in the insurance market are identified, the levels of relationships management in the insurance market are determined. Among the advantages of the use of effective relationships in the field of insurance are the following: improving the company’s image, attracting new customers, additional sales of insurance services, limiting the access of competitors’ offers, more efficient use of the advertising budget, improving the efficiency of the development of new insurance products and services, increasing the profits and value of brands, improving relations with

  4. TaggerOne: joint named entity recognition and normalization with semi-Markov Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leaman, Robert; Lu, Zhiyong

    2016-01-01

    Motivation: Text mining is increasingly used to manage the accelerating pace of the biomedical literature. Many text mining applications depend on accurate named entity recognition (NER) and normalization (grounding). While high performing machine learning methods trainable for many entity types exist for NER, normalization methods are usually specialized to a single entity type. NER and normalization systems are also typically used in a serial pipeline, causing cascading errors and limiting the ability of the NER system to directly exploit the lexical information provided by the normalization. Methods: We propose the first machine learning model for joint NER and normalization during both training and prediction. The model is trainable for arbitrary entity types and consists of a semi-Markov structured linear classifier, with a rich feature approach for NER and supervised semantic indexing for normalization. We also introduce TaggerOne, a Java implementation of our model as a general toolkit for joint NER and normalization. TaggerOne is not specific to any entity type, requiring only annotated training data and a corresponding lexicon, and has been optimized for high throughput. Results: We validated TaggerOne with multiple gold-standard corpora containing both mention- and concept-level annotations. Benchmarking results show that TaggerOne achieves high performance on diseases (NCBI Disease corpus, NER f-score: 0.829, normalization f-score: 0.807) and chemicals (BioCreative 5 CDR corpus, NER f-score: 0.914, normalization f-score 0.895). These results compare favorably to the previous state of the art, notwithstanding the greater flexibility of the model. We conclude that jointly modeling NER and normalization greatly improves performance. Availability and Implementation: The TaggerOne source code and an online demonstration are available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bionlp/taggerone Contact: zhiyong.lu@nih.gov Supplementary information: Supplementary data are

  5. Optimising chemical named entity recognition with pre-processing analytics, knowledge-rich features and heuristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Background The development of robust methods for chemical named entity recognition, a challenging natural language processing task, was previously hindered by the lack of publicly available, large-scale, gold standard corpora. The recent public release of a large chemical entity-annotated corpus as a resource for the CHEMDNER track of the Fourth BioCreative Challenge Evaluation (BioCreative IV) workshop greatly alleviated this problem and allowed us to develop a conditional random fields-based chemical entity recogniser. In order to optimise its performance, we introduced customisations in various aspects of our solution. These include the selection of specialised pre-processing analytics, the incorporation of chemistry knowledge-rich features in the training and application of the statistical model, and the addition of post-processing rules. Results Our evaluation shows that optimal performance is obtained when our customisations are integrated into the chemical entity recogniser. When its performance is compared with that of state-of-the-art methods, under comparable experimental settings, our solution achieves competitive advantage. We also show that our recogniser that uses a model trained on the CHEMDNER corpus is suitable for recognising names in a wide range of corpora, consistently outperforming two popular chemical NER tools. Conclusion The contributions resulting from this work are two-fold. Firstly, we present the details of a chemical entity recognition methodology that has demonstrated performance at a competitive, if not superior, level as that of state-of-the-art methods. Secondly, the developed suite of solutions has been made publicly available as a configurable workflow in the interoperable text mining workbench Argo. This allows interested users to conveniently apply and evaluate our solutions in the context of other chemical text mining tasks. PMID:25810777

  6. 20 CFR 632.125 - Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees and contractors for preventing fraud...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 632.125 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND... the Act. Such records shall be sufficient to allow the Secretary to audit and monitor the Native...

  7. 20 CFR 641.535 - What services must grantees/subgrantees provide to participants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... conditions at their community service worksites (OAA sec. 502(b)(1)(J)); (10) Verifying participant income... individuals who only need job search assistance or job referral services. Grantees may provide job search assistance and job club activities to participants who are enrolled in the SCESEP and are assigned to...

  8. 78 FR 59624 - Guidance for Industry #223: Small Entity Compliance Guide-Declaring Color Additives in Animal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 501 Guidance for Industry 223: Small Entity Compliance Guide--Declaring Color Additives in Animal Foods; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug... Color Additives in Animal Foods.'' This small entity compliance guide (SECG) aids industry in complying...

  9. 20 CFR 670.300 - What entities are eligible to receive funds to operate centers and provide training and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What entities are eligible to receive funds to operate centers and provide training and operational support services? 670.300 Section 670.300... OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Funding and Selection of Service Providers § 670.300 What entities...

  10. 5 CFR 581.306 - Lack of moneys due from, or payable by, a governmental entity served with legal process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... governmental entity served with legal process. 581.306 Section 581.306 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROCESSING GARNISHMENT ORDERS FOR CHILD SUPPORT AND/OR ALIMONY Compliance With Process § 581.306 Lack of moneys due from, or payable by, a governmental entity...

  11. 31 CFR 5.5 - How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a Treasury...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a Treasury debt? 5.5 Section 5.5 Money and Finance... Debts § 5.5 How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a...

  12. 17 CFR 230.157 - Small entities under the Securities Act for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Small entities under the Securities Act for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. 230.157 Section 230.157 Commodity and... General § 230.157 Small entities under the Securities Act for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act...

  13. 20 CFR 661.210 - Under what circumstances may the Governor select an alternative entity in place of the State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Coordinating Councils) or title VII (relating to State Human Resource Investment Councils) of the Job Training... labor organizations in the State. (c) If the alternative entity does not provide for representative... the membership structure includes any significant change in the organization of the alternative entity...

  14. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 212 - Non-Federal Entities Having Statutory Authorization for Particular Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Non-Federal Entities Having Statutory Authorization for Particular Support A Appendix A to Part 212 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued... ENTITIES AUTHORIZED TO OPERATE ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD) INSTALLATIONS Pt. 212, App. A Appendix A to...

  15. A method for named entity normalization in biomedical articles: application to diseases and plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Hyejin; Choi, Wonjun; Lee, Hyunju

    2017-10-13

    In biomedical articles, a named entity recognition (NER) technique that identifies entity names from texts is an important element for extracting biological knowledge from articles. After NER is applied to articles, the next step is to normalize the identified names into standard concepts (i.e., disease names are mapped to the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings disease terms). In biomedical articles, many entity normalization methods rely on domain-specific dictionaries for resolving synonyms and abbreviations. However, the dictionaries are not comprehensive except for some entities such as genes. In recent years, biomedical articles have accumulated rapidly, and neural network-based algorithms that incorporate a large amount of unlabeled data have shown considerable success in several natural language processing problems. In this study, we propose an approach for normalizing biological entities, such as disease names and plant names, by using word embeddings to represent semantic spaces. For diseases, training data from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) disease corpus and unlabeled data from PubMed abstracts were used to construct word representations. For plants, a training corpus that we manually constructed and unlabeled PubMed abstracts were used to represent word vectors. We showed that the proposed approach performed better than the use of only the training corpus or only the unlabeled data and showed that the normalization accuracy was improved by using our model even when the dictionaries were not comprehensive. We obtained F-scores of 0.808 and 0.690 for normalizing the NCBI disease corpus and manually constructed plant corpus, respectively. We further evaluated our approach using a data set in the disease normalization task of the BioCreative V challenge. When only the disease corpus was used as a dictionary, our approach significantly outperformed the best system of the task. The proposed approach shows robust

  16. Co-decision matrix framework for name entity recognition in biomedical text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haochang; Li, Yu

    2015-01-01

    As a new branch of data mining and knowledge discovery, the research of biomedical text mining has a rapid progress currently. Biomedical named entity (BNE) recognition is a basic technique in the biomedical knowledge discovery and its performance has direct effects on further discovery and processing in biomedical texts. In this paper, we present an improved method based on co-decision matrix framework for Biomedical Named Entity Recognition (BNER). The relativity between classifiers is utilised by using co-decision matrix to exchange decision information among classifiers. The experiments are carried on GENIA corpus with the best result of 75.9% F-score. Experimental results show that the proposed method, co-decision matrix framework, can yield promising performances.

  17. The role of past interactions in great apes' communication about absent entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohn, Manuel; Call, Josep; Tomasello, Michael

    2016-11-01

    Recent evidence suggests that great apes can use the former location of an entity to communicate about it. In this study we built on these findings to investigate the social-cognitive foundations of great apes' communicative abilities. We tested whether great apes (n = 35) would adjust their requests for absent entities to previous interactions they had with their interlocutor. We manipulated the apes' experience with respect to the interlocutor's knowledge about the previous content of the now-empty location as well as their experience with the interlocutor's competence to provide additional food items. We found that apes adjusted their requests to both of these aspects but failed to integrate them with one another. These results demonstrate a surprising amount of flexibility in great apes' communicative abilities while at the same time suggesting some important limitations in their social communicative skills. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. Learning Correlations between Linguistic Indicators and Semantic Constraints Reuse of Context-Dependent Descriptions of Entities

    CERN Document Server

    Radev, D R

    1998-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study on the semantic constraints imposed on lexical choice by certain contextual indicators. We show how such indicators are computed and how correlations between them and the choice of a noun phrase description of a named entity can be automatically established using supervised learning. Based on this correlation, we have developed a technique for automatic lexical choice of descriptions of entities in text generation. We discuss the underlying relationship between the pragmatics of choosing an appropriate description that serves a specific purpose in the automatically generated text and the semantics of the description itself. We present our work in the framework of the more general concept of reuse of linguistic structures that are automatically extracted from large corpora. We present a formal evaluation of our approach and we conclude with some thoughts on potential applications of our method.

  19. Physical properties of biological entities: an introduction to the ontology of physics for biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Daniel L; Bookstein, Fred L; Gennari, John H

    2011-01-01

    As biomedical investigators strive to integrate data and analyses across spatiotemporal scales and biomedical domains, they have recognized the benefits of formalizing languages and terminologies via computational ontologies. Although ontologies for biological entities-molecules, cells, organs-are well-established, there are no principled ontologies of physical properties-energies, volumes, flow rates-of those entities. In this paper, we introduce the Ontology of Physics for Biology (OPB), a reference ontology of classical physics designed for annotating biophysical content of growing repositories of biomedical datasets and analytical models. The OPB's semantic framework, traceable to James Clerk Maxwell, encompasses modern theories of system dynamics and thermodynamics, and is implemented as a computational ontology that references available upper ontologies. In this paper we focus on the OPB classes that are designed for annotating physical properties encoded in biomedical datasets and computational models, and we discuss how the OPB framework will facilitate biomedical knowledge integration. © 2011 Cook et al.

  20. Physical properties of biological entities: an introduction to the ontology of physics for biology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel L Cook

    Full Text Available As biomedical investigators strive to integrate data and analyses across spatiotemporal scales and biomedical domains, they have recognized the benefits of formalizing languages and terminologies via computational ontologies. Although ontologies for biological entities-molecules, cells, organs-are well-established, there are no principled ontologies of physical properties-energies, volumes, flow rates-of those entities. In this paper, we introduce the Ontology of Physics for Biology (OPB, a reference ontology of classical physics designed for annotating biophysical content of growing repositories of biomedical datasets and analytical models. The OPB's semantic framework, traceable to James Clerk Maxwell, encompasses modern theories of system dynamics and thermodynamics, and is implemented as a computational ontology that references available upper ontologies. In this paper we focus on the OPB classes that are designed for annotating physical properties encoded in biomedical datasets and computational models, and we discuss how the OPB framework will facilitate biomedical knowledge integration.

  1. Exclusion of orphan drugs for certain covered entities under 340B Program. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    HHS is issuing this final rule to clarify how section 340B(e) of the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) will be implemented. The final rule applies section 340B(e) of the PHSA only to drugs transferred, prescribed, sold, or otherwise used for the rare condition or disease for which the orphan drug was designated under section 526 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). The final rule also sets forth that it is the responsibility of the 340B covered entity to maintain auditable records that demonstrate compliance with the terms of the orphan drug exclusion requirements. This rule will provide clarity in the marketplace, maintain the 340B savings for newly-eligible covered entities, and protect the financial incentives for manufacturing orphan drugs designated for a rare disease or condition as indicated in the Affordable Care Act and intended by Congress.

  2. THOSE ISSUES AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES IN THE ORGANIZATION ENTITIES MILK INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GEORGETA-MIHAELA ZAHARIA (CRIVAC

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to highlight the features of the entities in the dairy industry. At first, a brief description of the dairy industry in Romania, giving priority factors that contribute to the development of this market. As in any economic unit, organization of management accounting and cost calculation is particularly important activity managers are required to study all factors and exercise influence principles, their implications, and then, taking account of them to choose the most appropriate form of organization of management accounting and cost calculation. Were analyzed and described in the study, factors and principles that characterize the entities in the dairy industry and have an influence in the organization of management accounting, but also in determining costs.

  3. Scalable Entity-Based Modeling of Population-Based Systems, Final LDRD Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cleary, A J; Smith, S G; Vassilevska, T K; Jefferson, D R

    2005-01-27

    The goal of this project has been to develop tools, capabilities and expertise in the modeling of complex population-based systems via scalable entity-based modeling (EBM). Our initial focal application domain has been the dynamics of large populations exposed to disease-causing agents, a topic of interest to the Department of Homeland Security in the context of bioterrorism. In the academic community, discrete simulation technology based on individual entities has shown initial success, but the technology has not been scaled to the problem sizes or computational resources of LLNL. Our developmental emphasis has been on the extension of this technology to parallel computers and maturation of the technology from an academic to a lab setting.

  4. Estimation of default probability for corporate entities in Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vujnović Miloš

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a quantitative PD model development has been excercised according to the Basel Capital Accord standards. The modeling dataset is based on the financial statements information from the Republic of Serbia. The goal of the paper is to develop a credit scoring model capable of producing PD estimate with high predictive power on the sample of corporate entities. The modeling is based on 5 years of end-of-year financial statements data of available Serbian corporate entities. Weight of evidence (WOE approach has been applied to quantitatively transform and prepare financial ratios. Correlation analysis has been utilized to reduce long list of variables and to remove highly interdependent variables from training and validation datasets. According to the best banking practice and academic literature, the final model is provided by using adjusted stepwise Logistic regression. The finally proposed model and its financial ratio constituents have been discussed and benchmarked against examples from relevant academic literature.

  5. Unmatter Entities inside Nuclei, Predicted by the Brightsen Nucleon Cluster Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smarandache F.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Applying the R. A. Brightsen Nucleon Cluster Model of the atomic nucleus we discuss how unmatter entities (the conjugations of matter and antimatter may be formed as clusters inside a nucleus. The model supports a hypothesis that antimatter nucleon clusters are present as a parton (sensu Feynman superposition within the spatial confinement of the proton (1H1, the neutron, and the deuteron (1H2. If model predictions can be confirmed both mathematically and experimentally, a new physics is suggested. A proposed experiment is connected to othopositronium annihilation anomalies, which, being related to one of known unmatter entity, orthopositronium (built on electron and positron, opens a way to expand the Standard Model.

  6. ChemTok: A New Rule Based Tokenizer for Chemical Named Entity Recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akkasi, Abbas; Varoğlu, Ekrem; Dimililer, Nazife

    2016-01-01

    Named Entity Recognition (NER) from text constitutes the first step in many text mining applications. The most important preliminary step for NER systems using machine learning approaches is tokenization where raw text is segmented into tokens. This study proposes an enhanced rule based tokenizer, ChemTok, which utilizes rules extracted mainly from the train data set. The main novelty of ChemTok is the use of the extracted rules in order to merge the tokens split in the previous steps, thus producing longer and more discriminative tokens. ChemTok is compared to the tokenization methods utilized by ChemSpot and tmChem. Support Vector Machines and Conditional Random Fields are employed as the learning algorithms. The experimental results show that the classifiers trained on the output of ChemTok outperforms all classifiers trained on the output of the other two tokenizers in terms of classification performance, and the number of incorrectly segmented entities.

  7. ChemTok: A New Rule Based Tokenizer for Chemical Named Entity Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akkasi, Abbas; Varoğlu, Ekrem; Dimililer, Nazife

    2016-01-01

    Named Entity Recognition (NER) from text constitutes the first step in many text mining applications. The most important preliminary step for NER systems using machine learning approaches is tokenization where raw text is segmented into tokens. This study proposes an enhanced rule based tokenizer, ChemTok, which utilizes rules extracted mainly from the train data set. The main novelty of ChemTok is the use of the extracted rules in order to merge the tokens split in the previous steps, thus producing longer and more discriminative tokens. ChemTok is compared to the tokenization methods utilized by ChemSpot and tmChem. Support Vector Machines and Conditional Random Fields are employed as the learning algorithms. The experimental results show that the classifiers trained on the output of ChemTok outperforms all classifiers trained on the output of the other two tokenizers in terms of classification performance, and the number of incorrectly segmented entities. PMID:26942193

  8. ChemTok: A New Rule Based Tokenizer for Chemical Named Entity Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Akkasi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Named Entity Recognition (NER from text constitutes the first step in many text mining applications. The most important preliminary step for NER systems using machine learning approaches is tokenization where raw text is segmented into tokens. This study proposes an enhanced rule based tokenizer, ChemTok, which utilizes rules extracted mainly from the train data set. The main novelty of ChemTok is the use of the extracted rules in order to merge the tokens split in the previous steps, thus producing longer and more discriminative tokens. ChemTok is compared to the tokenization methods utilized by ChemSpot and tmChem. Support Vector Machines and Conditional Random Fields are employed as the learning algorithms. The experimental results show that the classifiers trained on the output of ChemTok outperforms all classifiers trained on the output of the other two tokenizers in terms of classification performance, and the number of incorrectly segmented entities.

  9. The use of supernatural entities in moral conversations as a cultural-psychological attractor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tófalvy, Tamás; Viciana, Hugo

    2009-06-01

    Social behavior in most human societies is characterized by the following of moral rules explicitly justified by religious belief systems. These systems constitute the diverse domain of human sacred values. Supernatural entities as founders or warranty of moral principles may be seen as a form of "conversation stoppers," considerations that can be dropped into a moral decision process in order to prevent endlessly reconsidering and endlessly asking for further justification. In this article we offer a general naturalistic framework toward answering the question of why supernatural entities are so attractive in moral argumentation. We present an explanatory model based on the phenomena of multiple channels of moral reasoning, the suspension of epistemic vigilance, and relevance assumptions through the attractiveness of the sacred, moral dumbfounding, and the expression of social coalitionary commitment. Thus, in light of much of current cognitive theory, sacred values make sense as basins in the evolutionary landscape of human morality.

  10. Stuck bioprosthetic aortic valve--a new entity? A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerrah, Rabin; Pappof, Mark; Shatz, Vadim; Pollak, Arthur; Gilon, Dan

    2005-01-01

    We describe herein a case of bioprosthetic valve malfunction, which closely imitates a stuck valve. Although the term "stuck" was used originally for the immovable mechanical valve leaflets, the echocardiographic manifestation of this malfunction is similar to those of a mechanical one. The clinical presentation of the stuck bioprosthesis is, however, far more benign than a stuck mechanical valve. Familiarity with this entity is important.

  11. Supporting Structural and Functional Collaborative Networked Organizations Modeling with Service Entities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Rubén Darío; Bas, Ángel Ortiz; Prats, Guillermo; Varela, Rosa Navarro

    This work focuses on the Service Entities definition as an approach that may help to support structural and functional Collaborative Networked Organizations (CNO) modeling, when VOs are engineered inside Virtual Breeding Environments Management Systems (VMS). Manbree is an undergoing development which is intended to provide an integrated framework for CNO modeling and execution based on that approach and it is briefly described at the final section.

  12. Intraductal Tubulopapillary Neoplasm: A New Entity in the Spectrum of Pancreatic Intraductal Neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maghrebi, Houcine; Makni, Amin; Rhaeim, Rami; Zehani, Alia; Bensafta, Zoubeir

    2017-09-01

    Intraductal Tubulopapillary Neoplasms (ITPN) is a rare and new entity defined as an intraductal, grossly visible, tubule-forming epithelial neoplasm with high- grade dysplasia and ductal differentiation without overt production of mucin. Its clinical presentation can be varied, which makes the diagnosis quite challenging. In this report, we present a case of pancreatic ITPN and review the published work to learn clinicopathological, radiological features and treatment strategies of this recently proposed pancreatic neoplasm.

  13. A document processing pipeline for annotating chemical entities in scientific documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, David; Matos, Sérgio; Oliveira, José L

    2015-01-01

    The recognition of drugs and chemical entities in text is a very important task within the field of biomedical information extraction, given the rapid growth in the amount of published texts (scientific papers, patents, patient records) and the relevance of these and other related concepts. If done effectively, this could allow exploiting such textual resources to automatically extract or infer relevant information, such as drug profiles, relations and similarities between drugs, or associations between drugs and potential drug targets. The objective of this work was to develop and validate a document processing and information extraction pipeline for the identification of chemical entity mentions in text. We used the BioCreative IV CHEMDNER task data to train and evaluate a machine-learning based entity recognition system. Using a combination of two conditional random field models, a selected set of features, and a post-processing stage, we achieved F-measure results of 87.48% in the chemical entity mention recognition task and 87.75% in the chemical document indexing task. We present a machine learning-based solution for automatic recognition of chemical and drug names in scientific documents. The proposed approach applies a rich feature set, including linguistic, orthographic, morphological, dictionary matching and local context features. Post-processing modules are also integrated, performing parentheses correction, abbreviation resolution and filtering erroneous mentions using an exclusion list derived from the training data. The developed methods were implemented as a document annotation tool and web service, freely available at http://bioinformatics.ua.pt/becas-chemicals/.

  14. Case of Rapid Progression of Hemiatrophy on the Face: A New Clinical Entity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hisashi Nomura

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A lot of diseases, including lupus profundus, morphea, lipodystrophy, and Parry-Romberg syndrome, may manifest progressive hemifacial atrophy. These diseases usually progress slowly and rapid progression of atrophy is extremely rare. We report a case of elderly-onset rapid progression of hemifacial atrophy only in three weeks. Our case did not meet variable differential diagnoses. We discuss the clinical character of the patient against the past of literature and suppose it may be a new clinical entity.

  15. Dynamic Light Scattering as a Probe af Nanosized Entities: Applications In Materials and Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yannopoulos, S. N.

    The ability of dynamic light scattering (DLS) to probe dynamics in non-crystalline media and to provide by virtue of this rather accurate estimations of dimensions of nanosized entities is discussed in this contribution. Selected applications of DLS in materials science (supercooled liquids) and life sciences (use of DLS as a diagnostic tool for early cataract detection in the ocular lens) are briefly discussed.

  16. Leiomyosarcoma of intravascular origin - a rare tumor entity: clinical pathological study of twelve cases

    OpenAIRE

    Steinau Hans U; Stricker Ingo; Goertz Ole; Ring Andrej; Hauser Joerg; Tilkorn Daniel J.; Kuhnen Cornelius

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Leiomysarcoma of intravascular origin is an exceedingly rare entity of malignant soft tissue tumors. They are most frequently encountered in the retroperitoneum arising from the inferior vena cava and are scarcely found to arise from vessels of the extremities. These tumors were analysed with particular reference to treatment outcome and prognosis. The aim of this article is to broaden the knowledge of the clinical course of this rare malignancy. Method During 2000 and 200...

  17. UMass at TREC WEB 2014: Entity Query Feature Expansion using Knowledge Base Links

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    most entity linking tools do not work well on query text, due to lack of grammatical structure. As TREC web track queries are unlikely to mention...analysis. 6 sdm rm wikiRm1 EQFE indri-ql0.00 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.14 0.16 0.18 nd cg 20 (a) Mean retrieval effectiveness with standard error

  18. INTERNAL AUDIT AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC SECTOR ENTITIES, BETWEEN TRADITION AND ACTUALITY

    OpenAIRE

    Eugeniu Turlea; Aurelia Stefanescu

    2009-01-01

    The deep transformations which have marked the public sector, generated by theEuropean Union extension, the decentralization process, the increase of complex activities, theascendant trend of current agreements and the descendant trend of future resources requireredefining the role of internal audit and risk management in the public sector entities. By the undertaken study we define the risk concept, identify the typology and indubitablydivide the involvement of public internal audit and risk...

  19. Organizational justice across cultures and entities: an investigation in Portugal and Angola

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Maria Rita Alves dos Santos da Costa e

    2015-01-01

    Doutoramento em Human Resources Management and Development This thesis explores employees’ entity justice perceptions about the organization as a whole, their supervisor, work-colleagues, and subordinates, in Portugal and Angola. We relate these justice perceptions to individual, organizational, and cultural differences between the countries; and explore the implications for employees’ and organizations. The thesis includes two conceptual studies, which review the extant literature to e...

  20. A case of Occupational Methemoglobinemia (MetHb: A Rare Entity and Unique Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvarna Patil

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Methemoglobinemia is acute emergency which have precise and effective treatment if instituted in time. Methemoglobinemia due to chemical exposure is a known entity. But it required a high index of suspicion to look for it in busy casualty. Treatment with methylene blue is safe and truly lifesaving if instituted in time. Here we are presenting a case of Occupational methemoglobinemia who was treated successfully.

  1. FINANCING OF BUSINESS ENTITIES IN REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA THROUGH ISSUE OF BONDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GORDANA VITANOVA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Financing of the capital market is in a close relation with the offer and demand for financial resources, i.e. the interaction between the entities with surplus and those with deficit of financial resources. In the developed economies, the bond is very important instrument on the capital market, as a possibility for capital mobilization through their issuing by the business entities and as a possibility for investing free financial resources, from the investors’ point of view. The knowledge of the advantages of this kind of security is the basic prerequisite for its increased implementation in the market, as an alternative for realizing profit by the two parties, i.e. the issuer and the investor. The most usual problem for absence of this kind of security, besides the low level of capital market development, is the fact that the business entities are not informed about the possibilities offered by the bond, and about the advantages it has over the other securities. Because of that, it is indispensable each potential issuer to be informed what the bond is, which its basic elements are, the kinds of bonds, how the interest rate is determined, how the value of the bond is determined any time before its maturity etc. The purpose of this research is to obtain clear picture for the advantages of and risks from capital mobilization through issue of bonds, to make analysis of the situation in R. Macedonia and to suggest measures for higher participation of this financing source into the business entities

  2. Entity-based Stochastic Analysis of Search Results for Query Expansion and Results Re-Ranking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-20

    Entity-based Stochastic Analysis of Search Results for Query Expansion and Results Re-Ranking Pavlos Fafalios and Yannis Tzitzikas Institute of...dynamically and analyzed stochastically using a Random Walk method. The result of this analysis is exploited in two different contexts: for automatic query ...expansion and for re-ranking a set of retrieved results. Eval- uation results in the 2015 TREC Clinical Decision Support Track illustrate that query

  3. Public relations violated by unlawful use of documents to form a legal entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petukhov E.V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The problems of determining the direct object of crime under article 173.2 of the RF Criminal Code are investigated. It’s noted that the article contains two independent corpus delicti. The characteristic that unites them is the direct object of crime, which is broken in two ways: by person providing the relevant documents and by person receiving these documents and information. Scientific points of view concerning the understanding of crime object are estimated. Understanding the object as a legal order of carrying out business activities doesn’t allow to outline the scope of the corresponding relations. Many crimes under chapter 22 of the RF Criminal Code impinge these relations. The author disagrees with the recognition of public relations, ensuring the use of necessary documents for registration of only those organizations that are engaged in lawful activities, as direct object of unlawful use of documents to form (establish, reorganize a legal entity. It’s emphasized that documents submission to the registering authority for registration of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs can be carried out by the applicant or his representative acting on the basis of a notarized power of attorney. The fact of forming legal entity should be connected with certain individuals. Then the organization will have certain responsible persons. The act provided by the analyzed corpus delicti, contributes to this rule violation. It’s summarized that the direct object of crime under considered article is public relations arising due to ensuring the statutory procedure for personalization and identification of responsible individual forming (establishing, reorganizing a legal entity.

  4. Polypoid melanoma: a rare clinical subtype frequently confused with benign entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Valdebran

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Polypoid melanoma represents a distinct variant of melanoma characterized by an ulcerated exophytic nodule. Although this melanocytic tumor is usually restricted to the papillary dermis, it presents with a thick Breslow level and aggressive course. Its rapidly growing vertical phase and its amelanotic nature frequently simulate benign or non-aggressive entities; leading to a delay in biopsy and resulting in an increased risk of metastasis at the time of the diagnosis.

  5. Database Entity Persistence with Hibernate for the Network Connectivity Analysis Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    DAOFactory class will have a single static invocable method that will return an instantiated instance of the DAOFactory ( McKenzie et al., 2008, p 399). The...significantly higher due to a paradigm mismatch between how data is represented in objects versus relational databases. Hibernate can significantly...static method , “Hibernate.recreateDatabase,” for recreating the database schema when the entity domain model changes. A simple program was written to

  6. INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO TRANSFORMATION OF A CONTROL SYSTEM OF ECONOMIC ENTITIES: "GREEN" LOGISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Sekerin V. D.; Dudin M. N.; Lyasnikov N. V.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this article consists in disclosure of key theoretical and practical questions of introduction of a concept "green logistics" for increase of activity efficiency of economic entities in agro-industrial sector and decrease in level of negative impact of this sector on a global ecosystem taking into account the happening global transformations in world economy. Within this article, various aspects characterizing world economic, ecological, technological trends that define the fut...

  7. Statement of value added (dva: wealth distribution to staff and entities capital of sectors autoind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Wink

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aimed to analyze the distribution of benefit produced by companies belonging to sectors of Autoindústria and capital goods to the production of agents and working capital in the period between 2008 and 2012, through the Statement of Value Added (DVA. Methodologically we carried out a survey of descriptive purpose, documentary and bibliographic procedure and qualitative approach to the problem. The chosen population was formed by the group of entities named by Exame Magazine - Biggest and Best, 2012 edition, classified in the sectors of Autoindústria and Capital Goods. Being given sample for data accessibility and non-probabilistic, consisting of a Autoindústria the sector, by Embraer, Marcopolo and Mahle companies and in the Capital Goods sector, by companies Romi SA, Kepler-Weber SA and Bardella SA The results revealed Embraer was the entity with higher revenue figures of the group surveyed. Regarding the ability of benefit generation, the entity that became more revenues in value added was Romi on average 51% of the realized revenue. The Companies generally distributed more value added to personal than to capital.

  8. Does Book Values and Earnings Affect Equity Values of Corporate Entities in Nigeria?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edirin Jeroh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: In this study, we appraised the effect which book values and earnings would have on equity values of quoted corporate entities in Nigeria. In view of this, we obtained secondary data from the published reports of 105 firms selected for this study. The study period was 10 years (2005–2014. Methodology/methods: The regression technique was employed to scrutinize the data sourced from sampled entities’ annual accounts. Additionally, the Breusch-Pagan/ Cook-Weisberg Test was employed along with the VIF Test to verify whether the sourced data were normally distributed or whether there was the presence or otherwise of multicollinearity amid the explanatory (independent variables. Scientific aim: This study aims to empirically establish with available statistics, the extent in which variations in equity values of quoted corporate entities in Nigeria could be accounted for by changes in book values and earnings. Findings: Results from our analysis revealed inter alia, that book value per share and earnings jointly had significant and positive effect on equity values of Nigerian quoted firms. Conclusion: Since earnings was significant in attempting to ascertain equity values of Nigerian firms, it was thus recommend that regulatory bodies like the Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria among others should develop enforceable strategies and sanctions that would discourage and eliminate all forms of earnings manipulation that may distort the information reported in the financial statements of quoted corporate entities in Nigeria

  9. Using Workflows to Explore and Optimise Named Entity Recognition for Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolluru, BalaKrishna; Hawizy, Lezan; Murray-Rust, Peter; Tsujii, Junichi; Ananiadou, Sophia

    2011-01-01

    Chemistry text mining tools should be interoperable and adaptable regardless of system-level implementation, installation or even programming issues. We aim to abstract the functionality of these tools from the underlying implementation via reconfigurable workflows for automatically identifying chemical names. To achieve this, we refactored an established named entity recogniser (in the chemistry domain), OSCAR and studied the impact of each component on the net performance. We developed two reconfigurable workflows from OSCAR using an interoperable text mining framework, U-Compare. These workflows can be altered using the drag-&-drop mechanism of the graphical user interface of U-Compare. These workflows also provide a platform to study the relationship between text mining components such as tokenisation and named entity recognition (using maximum entropy Markov model (MEMM) and pattern recognition based classifiers). Results indicate that, for chemistry in particular, eliminating noise generated by tokenisation techniques lead to a slightly better performance than others, in terms of named entity recognition (NER) accuracy. Poor tokenisation translates into poorer input to the classifier components which in turn leads to an increase in Type I or Type II errors, thus, lowering the overall performance. On the Sciborg corpus, the workflow based system, which uses a new tokeniser whilst retaining the same MEMM component, increases the F-score from 82.35% to 84.44%. On the PubMed corpus, it recorded an F-score of 84.84% as against 84.23% by OSCAR. PMID:21633495

  10. Entity grammar systems: a grammatical tool for studying the hierarchical structures of biological systems.

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    Wang, Yun

    2004-05-01

    The hierarchical structures of biological systems are the typical complex hierarchical dynamical structures in the physical world, the effective investigations on which could not be performed with the existing formal grammar systems. To meet the needs of the investigation on these kinds of systems, especially the emerging field of system biology, a grammatical tool was proposed in the present article. Because the grammatical tool mainly deals with the systems composed of structured entities, they are called entity grammar systems (EGSs). The structure of entities in EGSs have the general form of the objects in the physical world, which means EGSs could be used as a tool to study the complex system composed of many objects with different structures, just like the biological systems. The article contains the formal definition of EGSs and the hierarchy of EGSs, which is congruent with the Chomsky hierarchy. The relationship between EGSs and array grammar systems, graph grammar systems, tree grammar systems, multi-set grammar systems are discussed to show the generative power of EGSs. At the end of the present article, the steps to define new grammar systems with the form of EGS are provided and the possible applicable fields of EGSs are discussed.

  11. Ray entity based postprocessing of ray-tracing data for continuous modeling of radio channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mataga, Nikola; Zentner, Radovan; Mucalo, Ana Katalinić

    2014-03-01

    Ray-tracing data are usually given as angles of arrival and departure, transmitter and receiver coordinates, ray length and delay, received power level, and polarity. Usually, these values are given in raw data with some resolution that covers the area of interest where the simulation is performed. There are two main drawbacks of such approach: first, a huge amount of storage capacity is typically needed and second, although the area of interest is covered by a certain resolution, it is nearly impossible to interpolate between sample points and new time, and memory consuming simulations are necessary in order to increase the resolution of the simulations. This paper addresses the two mentioned drawbacks of ray tracing, suggesting a procedure based on the concept of ray entities both to enable continuous interpolation of ray-tracing data and reduce the memory needed for storing data. Ray entity is a set of rays that all undergo the same series of propagation phenomena (direct ray, diffraction, reflection, or scattering) on the same objects (building walls or edges). The method is given and illustrated for reflection and diffraction phenomena, and diffuse scattering was not included, but discussion is easily extended to this propagation type as well. The paper gives detailed statistics of entities' length and rays' count per simulated receiver point in few illustrative examples and provides an insight on how to interpolate angles of arrival and departure, ray length, and received power level in order to provide a continuous description of the radio environment.

  12. Hubs of knowledge: using the functional link structure in Biozon to mine for biologically significant entities

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    Isganitis Timothy

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Existing biological databases support a variety of queries such as keyword or definition search. However, they do not provide any measure of relevance for the instances reported, and result sets are usually sorted arbitrarily. Results We describe a system that builds upon the complex infrastructure of the Biozon database and applies methods similar to those of Google to rank documents that match queries. We explore different prominence models and study the spectral properties of the corresponding data graphs. We evaluate the information content of principal and non-principal eigenspaces, and test various scoring functions which combine contributions from multiple eigenspaces. We also test the effect of similarity data and other variations which are unique to the biological knowledge domain on the quality of the results. Query result sets are assessed using a probabilistic approach that measures the significance of coherence between directly connected nodes in the data graph. This model allows us, for the first time, to compare different prominence models quantitatively and effectively and to observe unique trends. Conclusion Our tests show that the ranked query results outperform unsorted results with respect to our significance measure and the top ranked entities are typically linked to many other biological entities. Our study resulted in a working ranking system of biological entities that was integrated into Biozon at http://biozon.org.

  13. Hubs of knowledge: using the functional link structure in Biozon to mine for biologically significant entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafer, Paul; Isganitis, Timothy; Yona, Golan

    2006-02-15

    Existing biological databases support a variety of queries such as keyword or definition search. However, they do not provide any measure of relevance for the instances reported, and result sets are usually sorted arbitrarily. We describe a system that builds upon the complex infrastructure of the Biozon database and applies methods similar to those of Google to rank documents that match queries. We explore different prominence models and study the spectral properties of the corresponding data graphs. We evaluate the information content of principal and non-principal eigenspaces, and test various scoring functions which combine contributions from multiple eigenspaces. We also test the effect of similarity data and other variations which are unique to the biological knowledge domain on the quality of the results. Query result sets are assessed using a probabilistic approach that measures the significance of coherence between directly connected nodes in the data graph. This model allows us, for the first time, to compare different prominence models quantitatively and effectively and to observe unique trends. Our tests show that the ranked query results outperform unsorted results with respect to our significance measure and the top ranked entities are typically linked to many other biological entities. Our study resulted in a working ranking system of biological entities that was integrated into Biozon at http://biozon.org.

  14. [A review on urban metabolism research based on physical space entities for environmental management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ye; Liu, Dan

    2015-07-01

    Urban metabolism is a basic theory for coping with global environmental problems, which is coherent with the aims of national environmental management. This paper analyzed the concept of urban metabolism, and pointed out the meaning for urban metabolism in physical space entities; reviewed the current methods for urban metabolism and its merits and shortages; analyzed the system boundaries, connotation, and methodologies; and summarized the advances on urban meta-bolism practices in physical space entities. At last, we made conclusions that there were shortages, including conception system, basic theory system, and interdisciplinary integrated theory system in current urban metabolism research, and the current cases studied in urban metabolism were limited and not suitable to the harmony development between society, economy, and environment. In the future, we need to strengthen comparison between different case studies from different countries, develop the prior modes of typical urban metabolism research, identify the mechanism for urban ecosystem, and strengthen the spatial decision support system of environmental management taking urban spatial entity spaces as units.

  15. Statistische Analysen von Semantic Entities aus Metadaten- und Volltextbeständen von German Medical Science

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    Grün, Stefan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the information content of metadata and full texts in German Medical Science (GMS articles in English language. The object of the study is to compare semantic entities that are used to enrich GMS metadata (titles and abstracts and GMS full texts. The aim of the study is to test whether using full texts increases the value added information. The comparison and evaluation of semantic entities was done statistically. Measures of descriptive statistics were gathered for this purpose. In addition to the ratio of central tendencies and scatterings, we computed the overlaps and complements of the values.The results show a distinct increase of information when full texts are added. On average, metadata contain 25 different entities and full texts 215. 89% of the concepts in the metadata are also represented in the full texts. Hence, 11% of the metadata concepts are found in the metadata only. In summary, the results show that the addition of full texts increases the informational value, e.g. for information retrieval processes.

  16. Abstract Modelling of the Impact of Activities of Economic Entities on the Social System

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    Dana Bernardová

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic entities as integral parts of the social system have an impact on it. The complexity of structures and uncertainty of behaviour which are also conditioned by incorporating the human factor are the typical characteristics of economic entities and the social system. The lack of precise measurement data as well as precise information is their typical feature. Methods of creating computer models of such systems must therefore be based on uncertain, incomplete or approximate data and hypothetical assumptions. The paper deals with the synthesis of the abstract model of the expert system for determining the level of corporate social responsibility of an enterprise (CSR with the use of methods of artificial intelligence. The linguistic rule model is built on the basis of the expert determination of the level of CSR based on the level of care for employees, level of supplier‑customer relations, level of its ecological behaviour, and compliance with legal obligations. The linguistic modelling method is based on the theoretical approach to fuzzy set mathematics and fuzzy logic. The aim of the paper is the presentation of the system for determining the level of CSR with the use of non‑conventional non‑numerical methods as well as simulative presentation of the efficiency of its functions. The above‑mentioned expert system is a relevant module of the built hierarchical structure aimed at the research of impacts of activities of economic entities on the social system.

  17. The Web System for Managing Interaction of E-Commerce Entities

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    Pursky Oleg I.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The development and software implementation of the web system for managing interaction of e-commerce entities is described, and a technology for its use is proposed. The web system has a three-level software architecture and is designed to automate interaction between an online store and online consumers. Specific requirements for the web system for managing the interaction of entities in e-commerce determine the features of its architecture and the structure of interactive elements of the program interface in the context of the specific tasks and processes for automation of which it is created. The web application is designed to work with three groups of users and provides access to elements of control of the interaction depending on the level of access of a particular user. For each group of the web system users there implemented measures to ensure the security and reliability of procedures for conducting trading operations. Important aspects of the developed web system for managing interaction of entities in e-commerce are the automation of all payment mechanisms and procedures of forming routes for delivery of goods and cross-browser support for working in the Internet computer network, which provides all geographically distributed users with the access to its resources.

  18. Network analysis of named entity co-occurrences in written texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amancio, Diego Raphael

    2016-06-01

    The use of methods borrowed from statistics and physics to analyze written texts has allowed the discovery of unprecedent patterns of human behavior and cognition by establishing links between models features and language structure. While current models have been useful to unveil patterns via analysis of syntactical and semantical networks, only a few works have probed the relevance of investigating the structure arising from the relationship between relevant entities such as characters, locations and organizations. In this study, we represent entities appearing in the same context as a co-occurrence network, where links are established according to a null model based on random, shuffled texts. Computational simulations performed in novels revealed that the proposed model displays interesting topological features, such as the small world feature, characterized by high values of clustering coefficient. The effectiveness of our model was verified in a practical pattern recognition task in real networks. When compared with traditional word adjacency networks, our model displayed optimized results in identifying unknown references in texts. Because the proposed representation plays a complementary role in characterizing unstructured documents via topological analysis of named entities, we believe that it could be useful to improve the characterization of written texts (and related systems), specially if combined with traditional approaches based on statistical and deeper paradigms.

  19. OBJECTIVES AND FUNCTIONS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS UNDER ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM AT TRADE ENTITIES

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    CARAIMAN ADRIAN-COSMIN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As Radu said (2009, pag. 91 [6] logical approach developed by accounting, presentation of an exact image of the heritage, the financial situation and financial results, based on a rational thought, a gradual knowledge domain investigated, concepts, tools and processes that allow a better understanding of the essence of economic phenomena and processes. Theoretical framework brings together a number of concepts that are considered fundamental to regulatory or accounting systems applied at the level of the entity to have clearly specified the coordinates of the base and are able to achieve cohesion between the objective of financial statements as true and fair view, financial information and policy characteristics and estimation techniques as a form of expression towards the recognition and presentation of economic reality. The author considers, in the context of the defined system applied within the accounting entities in general, that principles, presents not only a crucial premise, as well as needed necessity in order to show an exact image of the performance and financial position of the entity.

  20. Building the Competitive Advantage of a Business Entity through Brand Development

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    Mirjana Nedović Čabarkapa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The starting point of this paper is the idea of brand. Its aim is to define the role of a brand with the purpose of the establishment of future contributions in the scope of this area, that is its influence on purchase stimulation and the establishment of a competitive advantage for a business entity in regard to other market actors. Furthermore, a brief theoretical explanation of the term brand is provided, i.e. the history of brand’s emergence, as well as a review of its elements. The many complexities during the establishment of brand are also explained. Brand has emerged as a consequence of market globalization, as well as the existence of numerous products that satisfy the same need. Its main purpose is the differentiation of products and the attempt to draw potential consumers’ attention in order to influence them to decide on the purchase of a brand product as quickly as possible. Business entities that realize the importance of creating a brand, its development and management will create all preconditions for successful, i.e. profitable operation. This way of deliberation and brand management represents the key to the business success of every business entity. It is generally considered that the market power of a brand can also be treated as an asset.