WorldWideScience

Sample records for sub-group association estate

  1. Reports of Sub-Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indian Journal of Adult Education, 1975

    1975-01-01

    Sub-group proceedings at the 28th all-India Adult Education Conference held in October, 1975, are summarized. Sub-groups discussed the theme "non-formal education" as it applies to one of five population groups: school drop-outs, youth, women, farmers, and industrial workers. The sixth sub-group considered policy and financing for…

  2. Cellar-Associated Saccharomyces cerevisiae Population Structure Revealed High-Level Diversity and Perennial Persistence at Sauternes Wine Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Börlin, Marine; Venet, Pauline; Claisse, Olivier; Salin, Franck

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Three wine estates (designated A, B, and C) were sampled in Sauternes, a typical appellation of the Bordeaux wine area producing sweet white wine. From those wine estates, 551 yeast strains were collected between 2012 and 2014, added to 102 older strains from 1992 to 2011 from wine estate C. All the strains were analyzed through 15 microsatellite markers, resulting in 503 unique Saccharomyces cerevisiae genotypes, revealing high genetic diversity and a low presence of commercial yeast starters. Population analysis performed using Fst genetic distance or ancestry profiles revealed that the two closest wine estates, B and C, which have juxtaposed vineyard plots and common seasonal staff, share more related isolates with each other than with wine estate A, indicating exchange between estates. The characterization of isolates collected 23 years ago at wine estate C in relation to recent isolates obtained at wine estate B revealed the long-term persistence of isolates. Last, during the 2014 harvest period, a temporal succession of ancestral subpopulations related to the different batches associated with the selective picking of noble rotted grapes was highlighted. IMPORTANCE High genetic diversity of S. cerevisiae isolates from spontaneous fermentation on wine estates in the Sauternes appellation of Bordeaux was revealed. Only 7% of all Sauternes strains were considered genetically related to specific commercial strains. The long-term persistence (over 20 years) of S. cerevisiae profiles on a given wine estate is highlighted. PMID:26969698

  3. Fiber intake, not dietary energy density, is associated with subsequent change in BMI z-score among sub-groups of children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kring, Sofia I Iqbal; Heitmann, Berit L

    2008-01-01

    to collect dietary energy intake. Overweight was defined as 1.05 SD, equivalent to the 85th percentile, of age- and sex-specific BMI z-score reference values. RESULTS: An inverse association between fiber intake and subsequent excess weight gain was observed among the normal weight boys. In overweight boys...

  4. Ventilator-associated pneumonia, like real estate: location really matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckert, Matthew J; Davis, Kimberly A; Reed, R Lawrence; Esposito, Thomas J; Santaniello, John M; Poulakidas, Stathis; Gamelli, Richard L; Luchette, Fred A

    2006-01-01

    Previous work has demonstrated an increased risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in trauma patients after prehospital (field) intubation as compared with emergency department (ED) intubations. However, this population was not compared with patients intubated as inpatients, making data interpretation difficult. We sought to further examine predictors for the development of VAP after trauma. A 10-year retrospective review of all patients mechanically ventilated greater than 24 hours after injury was performed. In all, 1,628 patients were identified, of which 1,213 (75%) were intubated as inpatients and 415 were emergently intubated (353 ED, 62 field). Overall, those intubated emergently were younger (p = 0.03) and less injured as seen by higher Glasgow Coma Scale scores (p = 0.0002), lower Injury Severity Scores (p = 0.01) and higher Revised Trauma Scores (p hours, patients intubated in the ED or field have a higher incidence of pneumonia, despite equivalent or lower injury severity.

  5. Current status of and factors associated with social isolation in the elderly living in a rapidly aging housing estate community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouda, Kayoko; Okamoto, Reiko

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this study was to examine social isolation development among elderly persons living in a rapidly aging housing estate community in terms of the frequency of activities of daily living outside the home and social contact with neighbors and to identify associated factors. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 2007 (102 subjects) and 2010 (104 subjects) involving elderly residents living on a suburban housing estate. The data collected on the 87 subjects who responded to both surveys were analyzed. The survey investigated physical, psychological, and social factors regarded as being associated with social isolation. The subjects were divided into four social types according to the frequency of activities of daily living outside the home and social contact with neighbors. Multiple logistic regression analysis involved would-be-isolated and non-isolated groups as dependent variables and each factor as an independent variable. Isolated group subjects increased from 2.3 to 7.0 % during the study period, with the would-be-isolated group accounting for 33.7 % of the study population in both years. Factors strongly associated with the would-be-isolated group were a low subjective sense of well-being and socioeconomic status were identified in 2007, and an older age, low subjective sense of socioeconomic status, and no provision of emotional support in 2010. The health condition and social well-being of the elderly on a rapidly aging housing estate community tended to decline, revealing that the number of isolated and would-be-isolated subjects is increasing. Taking preventive action against social isolation among the elderly population is essential, suggesting the need to combine community health promotion and social communication interventions and to develop programs aimed at providing opportunities for elderly persons to be emotional support providers.

  6. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real property mean real estate that is not residential real estate...

  7. Determining Real Estate Licensee Income

    OpenAIRE

    G. Stacy Sirmans; Philip G. Swicegood

    2000-01-01

    This article examines the determinants of real estate licensee income using a 1997 survey of Texas real estate licensees. The factors having a positive effect on licensee income include: (1) number of hours worked; (2) work experience; (3) being a male; (4) using computer technology; (5) being involved in more transactions; (6) holding professional designations; (7) being associated with a larger firm; and (8) having access to personal assistants. Variables that negatively affect income inclu...

  8. 12 CFR 541.16 - Improved residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved residential real estate. 541.16... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.16 Improved residential real estate. The term improved residential real estate means residential real estate containing offsite or other improvements...

  9. 12 CFR 541.15 - Improved nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved nonresidential real estate. 541.15... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.15 Improved nonresidential real estate. The term improved nonresidential real estate means nonresidential real estate: (a) Containing a permanent structure...

  10. 12 CFR 541.23 - Residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate. 541.23 Section 541.23... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.23 Residential real estate. The terms residential real estate... home used in part for business); (c) Other real estate used for primarily residential purposes other...

  11. 12 CFR 541.27 - Unimproved real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unimproved real estate. 541.27 Section 541.27... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.27 Unimproved real estate. The term unimproved real estate means real estate that will be improved, as defined in § 541.15 or § 541.16 of this part. ...

  12. Eighth Negotiators' Standing Sub-Group and related meetings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rager, J.-P.

    2003-01-01

    The Max-Planck-Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) at Garching near Munich was the venue for the eighth meeting of the ITER Negotiators' Standing Sub-Group (NSSG-8) and a number of related meetings over an intensive nine day period of work from 14 to 22 May 2003. The European Union hosted the meeting, which was also attended by delegations from Canada, China, Japan, the Russian Federation (RF) and the USA. This was the first time at the NSSG for the Chinese and US delegations, following their accession to the ITER Negotiations at the previous Negotiators' meeting (N-8) (see ITER ITA Newsletter No. 1, February 2003). Over the course of four days the Working Groups met, at times in parallel sessions, to make progress in their respective topic areas. The work of each group was led by a rapporteur, who subsequently presented the group's findings and recommendations to the NSSG as a whole for consideration and guidance

  13. Are there distinct cognitive and motivational sub-groups of children with ADHD?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lambek, Rikke; Sonuga-Barke, Edmund; Tannock, Rosemary

    2017-01-01

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is proposed to be a neuropsychologically heterogeneous disorder that encompasses two distinct sub-groups, one with executive function (EF) deficits and one with delay aversion (DA). However, such claims have often been based on studies that have...... to be dissociable constructs; they do not yield distinct sub-groups when sub-grouping is...

  14. 24 CFR 100.50 - Real estate practices prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate practices prohibited....50 Real estate practices prohibited. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of... in, any multiple-listing service, real estate brokers' association, or other service organization or...

  15. Objectives and tasks for sub-group B: Plutonium management and recycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1978-01-01

    The paper restates the prime objectives of Working Group 4 and explains that in order to accomplish their objectives two sub-groups (A and B) have been established. The Co-Chairmen suggested that sub group B take as their terms of reference those tasks remitted to them by Working Group 4 as a whole. The paper identifies and comments on 11 tasks into which the work of the sub-group is divided. The paper also includes a number of annexes giving the guidelines for data input to each task

  16. Prevalence and Factors Associated with the Utilization of Dental Care Services among Factory Workers in Nava Nakorn Industrial Estate, Pathumthani Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaidee, Jeeratip; Ratanasiri, Amornrat; Chatrchaiwiwatana, Supaporn; Soonthon, Surasak

    2015-07-01

    The present study aimed to find out the utilization prevalence of dental care services among factory workers over a period of one year and factors associated with utilization of dental care services. This was a cross-sectional analytic study. The study population was factory workers in Nava Nakorn Industrial Estate randomly sampled using Probability Proportion to Size Cluster Sampling Method. The tool was a questionnaire about utilization of dental care services. Among the sample group of 1,500 workers from 16 factories, almost 2/3 (63.9%) had never used any dental care services in the previous year while only 36.1% did. A multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that workplace, accommodation, tooth decay, toothache history, transportation, experience in using social security fund for dental care services, availability and accessibility of dental care services, brushing teeth regularly after meals, using dental care services regularly in a dental clinic, and agreement with the idea that a tooth extraction and medication by a dentist could reduce the risk of progression of disease, statistical significance (p-value dental care services at R2 (The Nagelkerke R Square) 0.38. That the prevalence of the factory workers who did not use dental care services during the last one year was 63.9 percent. This study identified three groups of factors associated with the utilization of dental care services as: 1) Predisposing factors, 2) Enabling factors, and 3) Need factors.

  17. Trust and Estate Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrington, Brooke

    2012-01-01

    , these professionals keep a significant portion of the world’s private wealth beyond the reach of the state. Trust and estate planning thus contributes to creating and maintaining socioeconomic inequality on a global scale. The significance of the profession has grown as wealth itself has become more fungible...

  18. Real Estate in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rimmer, Nina Røhr

    2016-01-01

    A general introduction to buying, owning and selling Property i Denmark. The cost of buying and selling property and the tax implications as well as the general concept of real estate is introduced. The paper includes also a brief introduction to some of the aspects which you should beware of when...

  19. Department of Estate Mana

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-06-22

    Jun 22, 2015 ... Department of Estate Management, University of Uyo, Nigeria. 3 ... Agency were used. Distances were measured in metres from the centroid of the building to the edge of the river and roads using Global Positioning ... study adds to the understanding of the magnitude of the damage caused by flood on real.

  20. Department of Estate Management,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-08-30

    Aug 30, 2016 ... Department of Estate Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic Owo, Nigeria. P.M.B 1019, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria ... study area. Coastal communal expectations from the acquiring authority includes allocation of sufficient time ..... while 'breach of rights and customs' with a relative importance index of 0.542.

  1. Divide and Conquer: Sub-Grouping of ASD Improves ASD Detection Based on Brain Morphometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katuwal, Gajendra J; Baum, Stefi A; Cahill, Nathan D; Michael, Andrew M

    2016-01-01

    Low success (ASD) classification using brain morphometry from the large multi-site ABIDE dataset and inconsistent findings on brain morphometric abnormalities in ASD can be attributed to the ASD heterogeneity. In this study, we show that ASD brain morphometry is highly heterogeneous, and demonstrate that the heterogeneity can be mitigated and classification improved if autism severity (AS), verbal IQ (VIQ) and age are used with morphometric features. Morphometric features from structural MRIs (sMRIs) of 734 males (ASD: 361, controls: 373) of ABIDE were derived using FreeSurfer. Applying the Random Forest classifier, an AUC of 0.61 was achieved. Adding VIQ and age to morphometric features, AUC improved to 0.68. Sub-grouping the subjects by AS, VIQ and age improved the classification with the highest AUC of 0.8 in the moderate-AS sub-group (AS = 7-8). Matching subjects on age and/or VIQ in each sub-group further improved the classification with the highest AUC of 0.92 in the low AS sub-group (AS = 4-5). AUC decreased with AS and VIQ, and was the lowest in the mid-age sub-group (13-18 years). The important features were mainly from the frontal, temporal, ventricular, right hippocampal and left amygdala regions. However, they highly varied with AS, VIQ and age. The curvature and folding index features from frontal, temporal, lingual and insular regions were dominant in younger subjects suggesting their importance for early detection. When the experiments were repeated using the Gradient Boosting classifier similar results were obtained. Our findings suggest that identifying brain biomarkers in sub-groups of ASD can yield more robust and insightful results than searching across the whole spectrum. Further, it may allow identification of sub-group specific brain biomarkers that are optimized for early detection and monitoring, increasing the utility of sMRI as an important tool for early detection of ASD.

  2. Why Do Some Real Estate Salespeople Earn More Than Others?

    OpenAIRE

    James R. Follain; Terry Lutes; David A. Meier

    1987-01-01

    This paper explores the reasons why some real estate salespeople earn more than others. Data from a survey of members of the Illinois Association of REALTORS conducted in the spring of 1985 are the basis of the analysis. The central part of the paper analyzes via multivariate regression analysis over twenty factors thought to determine real estate sales success as measured by income from real estate brokerage. The most important findings include: (1) number of hours worked is closely linked t...

  3. 976 Department of Estate Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-11-20

    Nov 20, 2015 ... landfill on real estate values in Port. Harcourt metropolis. 2000 real estate within 500 metres radius from landfill sites were identified and about 600 property owners/agents representing 30 percent of the entire real estate owners were sampled for study. The study thus observed that there is low pricing of ...

  4. REAL ESTATE PURCHASE AGREEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bujorel FLOREA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study presented herein represents a field with good present and future perspectives, especially because real estate property is not under the incidence of a single normative act regarding the sale-purchase agreement of such goods, and given the fact that there are specific legal provisions with respect to various real estate categories and the localization of such property. The article deals with the sale-purchase agreement of various real estate categories, such as fields, buildings, the correspondent lots, urban area, farm, and forests fields, focusing on some particularities. A special care is attributed to examining the applicable laws with regard to the purchase agreements of field lands, the special conditions to be taken into account, the persons that may act as buyers, including foreigners, those without citizenship, and legal persons of a nationality other than Romanian. Finally, a special concern is given to the formalities required for legally exerting the pre-emptive right and the applicable sanctions in that respect.

  5. Testing Measurement Invariance of the Students' Affective Characteristics Model across Gender Sub-Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Ergül

    2017-01-01

    In this study, the aim was to construct a significant structural measurement model comparing students' affective characteristics with their mathematic achievement. According to this model, the aim was to test the measurement invariances between gender sub-groups hierarchically. This study was conducted as basic and descriptive research. Secondary…

  6. 12 CFR 560.37 - Real estate for office and related facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate for office and related facilities... LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Powers for Federal Savings Associations § 560.37 Real estate for office and related facilities. A federal savings association may invest in real estate (improved...

  7. Analysing UK real estate market forecast disagreement

    OpenAIRE

    McAllister, Patrick; Newell, G.; Matysiak, George

    2005-01-01

    Given the significance of forecasting in real estate investment decisions, this paper investigates forecast uncertainty and disagreement in real estate market forecasts. Using the Investment Property Forum (IPF) quarterly survey amongst UK independent real estate forecasters, these real estate forecasts are compared with actual real estate performance to assess a number of real estate forecasting issues in the UK over 1999-2004, including real estate forecast error, bias and consensus. The re...

  8. Choice a real estate agent

    OpenAIRE

    Pantelic, Marija

    2014-01-01

    Every year a hundreds of new Estate agents is examined, and new agency comes to, which increase the competition for estate agents. Property sellers have the option to choose the estate agent which they think is the best one that will best mediate their property at a flexible and a correct way. It has been common that property sellers choose and compare estate agents in the city, the competition is today equal outside the city as in the city. Possibly, these are other criteria that values high...

  9. 12 CFR 560.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... § 560.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 560.101 of this subpart....S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by savings associations and all...

  10. 12 CFR 560.172 - Re-evaluation of real estate owned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Re-evaluation of real estate owned. 560.172... of real estate owned. A savings association shall appraise each parcel of real estate owned at the... under the particular circumstances. The foregoing requirement shall not apply to any parcel of real...

  11. Estat plurinacional i infraestructures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germà Bel i Queralt

    2017-05-01

    general en tots els modes interurbans, i particularment en els corredors radials. El punt clau en una reorganització de la política d’infraestructures en un hipotètic estat que es reconegui a sí mateix com plurinacional és la transferència de la gestióa les unitats integrants de la federació, i en alguns casos també de la titularitat. En aquesta línia, en aquest treball es presenta un nou model de política d’infraestructures per a una Espanya diferent, que aprèn de les experiències i lliçons de fórmules ja aplicades a parts d’Europa i els EUA.

  12. Role of Social Support in Examining Acculturative Stress and Psychological Distress Among Asian American Immigrants and Three Sub-groups: Results from NLAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Shipra; McBride, Kimberly; Kak, Vivek

    2015-12-01

    This study examined the impact of acculturative stress and social support (family and friend) on psychological distress among Asian American immigrants and three Asian sub-groups (Vietnamese, Filipino and Chinese) immigrants. The National Latino and Asian American Study 2002-2003 dataset was used. The study findings were: (1) among all Asian American immigrants high language barrier and discrimination stress were associated with increased level of psychological distress, but similar association was not present for legal stress; (2) among all Asian American immigrants high family social support decreased the levels of psychological distress, and in addition, friend social support buffered the relationship of discrimination and psychological distress; and (3) among Vietnamese, Filipino, and Chinese, differential association of social support and acculturative stress to psychological distress were observed. These findings highlight the importance of social support among Asian American immigrants, while also paying attention to the variation that may exist between different sub-groups.

  13. Real-estate lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickert, David A.; Spieker, Andrew Maute

    1971-01-01

    Since the dawn of civilization waterfront land has been an irresistible attraction to man. Throughout history he has sought out locations fronting on oceans, rivers, and lakes. Originally sought for proximity .to water supply and transportation, such locations are now sought more for their esthetic qualities and for recreation. Usable natural waterfront property is limited, however, and the more desirable sites in many of our urban areas have already been taken. The lack of available waterfront sites has led to the creation of many artificial bodies of water. The rapid suburbanization that has characterized urban growth in America since the end of World War II, together with increasing affluence and le-isure time, has created a ready market for waterfront property. Accordingly, lake-centered subdivisions and developments dot the suburban landscape in many of our major urban areas. Literally thousands of lakes surrounded by homes have materialized during this period of rapid growth. Recently, several "new town" communities have been planned around this lake-centered concept. A lake can be either an asset or a liaoility to a community. A clean, clear, attractively landscaped lake is a definite asset, whereas a weed-choked, foul-smelling mudhole is a distinct liability. The urban environment poses both problems and imaginative opportunities in the development of lakes. Creation of a lake causes changes in all aspects of the environment. Hydrologic systems and ecological patterns are usually most severely altered. The developer should be aware of the potential changes; it is not sufficient merely to build a dam across a stream or to dig a hole in the ground. Development of Gl a successful lake requires careful planning for site selection and design, followed by thorough and cc ntinual management. The purpose of this report is to describe the characteristics of real-estate lakes, to pinpoint potential pmblems, and to suggest possible planning and management guidelines

  14. BLM Colorado Federal Mineral Estate

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — Shapefile Format –This Federal Mineral Estate (Subsurface) dataset is a result of combining data sets that were collected at each BLM Colorado Field Office and using...

  15. Economic Effects Real Estate Tax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadić Milan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The real estate tax is usually a fiscal instrument which performs the property tax. When it comes to real property or immovable this term include: apartments, houses, land, cottages, excess housing landscape and more. The real estate tax as a form of the fiscal charges ownership or use of certain forms of real estate, and the revenue from this tax is levied on the area where the property is located regardless of the place of residence of its owner. The tax base for the calculation of this tax usually consists of the market, estimated or annuity value of certain real estate. This form of taxation in the Republic of Serbian applies from 1.1.2012., and its introduction has been replaced by former property taxes. The differences between the two concepts mentioned taxes are numerous and significant. Among the more important are: subject to taxation under the new concept of the real estate rather than law, a taxpayer is any property owner rather than the holder of rights to immovable property tax base is the market value of real estate which is replaced by the payment of taxes per square meter of usable area, the rate of property tax is determined local government, which can not be lower than 0.05% of the estimated value of the real estate nor higher than 0.5% of the appraised value of real estate. The last change, ie. The new law on Property Tax from 5.11.2015. was determined by the tax rate to 20%. The fact that local governments each of them determines the tax rate on real estate which range from high to low rates of multiple, makes this tax is progressive. Progression is particularly expressed in the distinction applied tax rates of developed and undeveloped municipalities, where we have a case that less developed tolerate a higher tax burden, which leads to negative economic effects. However, real estate tax has its own economic and social characteristics which must be aligned with the objectives of tax policy. This means that the real estate tax

  16. Tenth Negotiators' Standing Sub-Group (NSSG-10) and related meetings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drew, M.

    2003-01-01

    The Tenth Meeting of the ITER Negotiators' Standing Sub-Group (NSSG-10) and related meetings were held during the period 18-27 September 2003 at Culham, UK, at the kind invitation of UKAEA-Euratom, who placed their JET meeting facilities at the disposal of the Sub-Group and its Topical Working Groups. The European Union hosted the meeting, which was also attended by delegations from Canada, China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and the USA. The focussed discussion enabled further good progress to be made in developing the many different elements that will be involved in the joint implementation of ITER. In particular the discussions on procurement allocation reached the stage at which it was possible to charge the NSSG Moderator to transmit to the Participants at a high level an agreed proposed allocation among the Parties of responsibilities to procure and contribute in kind the various systems and components for ITER construction. The proposed allocation is well defined up to the current limits of understanding on cost sharing and includes areas of flexibility to allow a full matching to the definitive cost sharing as and when it is finally agreed

  17. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8... ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential real..., is considered real estate held for personal use. Ownership of residential real estate by a...

  18. Sub-grouping and sub-functionalization of the RIFIN multi-copy protein family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonnhammer Erik L

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parasitic protozoans possess many multicopy gene families which have central roles in parasite survival and virulence. The number and variability of members of these gene families often make it difficult to predict possible functions of the encoded proteins. The families of extra-cellular proteins that are exposed to a host immune response have been driven via immune selection to become antigenically variant, and thereby avoid immune recognition while maintaining protein function to establish a chronic infection. Results We have combined phylogenetic and function shift analyses to study the evolution of the RIFIN proteins, which are antigenically variant and are encoded by the largest multicopy gene family in Plasmodium falciparum. We show that this family can be subdivided into two major groups that we named A- and B-RIFIN proteins. This suggested sub-grouping is supported by a recently published study that showed that, despite the presence of the Plasmodium export (PEXEL motif in all RIFIN variants, proteins from each group have different cellular localizations during the intraerythrocytic life cycle of the parasite. In the present study we show that function shift analysis, a novel technique to predict functional divergence between sub-groups of a protein family, indicates that RIFINs have undergone neo- or sub-functionalization. Conclusion These results question the general trend of clustering large antigenically variant protein groups into homogenous families. Assigning functions to protein families requires their subdivision into meaningful groups such as we have shown for the RIFIN protein family. Using phylogenetic and function shift analysis methods, we identify new directions for the investigation of this broad and complex group of proteins.

  19. Real Estate Agent Commission Disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anida Duarte

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among Procuring Cause Law, real estate agent years of experience, and real estate commission disputes. A pilot survey was conducted in the southwestern United States among real estate agents, realtor(s, and brokers. After testing the hypothesis, the decision was made to fail to reject the hypothesis and conclude that real estate agent experience and not Procuring Cause Law produced favorable outcomes in disputes. As a result, the following recommendations were made: (a Agency seller and buyer’s agreements should be used in each transaction to avoid disputes, (b proper expectations and guidelines should be reviewed prior to starting any real estate transaction, (c a checklist may assist in the assurance that all valuable information is reviewed, (d agents could benefit from fully understanding Procuring Cause Law and sharing this information with their clients, (e state and national regulatory requirements of the law could be modified for easier understanding and use, and (f consumers who willfully violate the law could be subject to monetary penalties.

  20. Hand-held cell phone use while driving legislation and observed driver behavior among population sub-groups in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudisill, Toni M; Zhu, Motao

    2017-05-12

    Cell phone use behaviors are known to vary across demographic sub-groups and geographic locations. This study examined whether universal hand-held calling while driving bans were associated with lower road-side observed hand-held cell phone conversations across drivers of different ages (16-24, 25-59, ≥60 years), sexes, races (White, African American, or other), ruralities (suburban, rural, or urban), and regions (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West). Data from the 2008-2013 National Occupant Protection Use Survey were merged with states' cell phone use while driving legislation. The exposure was presence of a universal hand-held cell phone ban at time of observation. Logistic regression was used to assess the odds of drivers having a hand-held cell phone conversation. Sub-groups differences were assessed using models with interaction terms. When universal hand-held cell phone bans were effective, hand-held cell phone conversations were lower across all driver demographic sub-groups and regions. Sub-group differences existed among the sexes (p-value, phone bans, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of a driver hand-held phone conversation was 0.34 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.28, 0.41] for females versus 0.47 (CI 0.40, 0.55) for males and 0.31 (CI 0.25, 0.38) for drivers in Western states compared to 0.47 (CI 0.30, 0.72) in the Northeast and 0.50 (CI 0.38, 0.66) in the South. The presence of universal hand-held cell phone bans were associated lower hand-held cell phone conversations across all driver sub-groups and regions. Hand-held phone conversations were particularly lower among female drivers and those from Western states when these bans were in effect. Public health interventions concerning hand-held cell phone use while driving could reasonably target all drivers.

  1. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other...... European countries. Case studies illustrate local developments and outcomes and are the base for questioning the original identification of problems and thus the chosen solutions. Perspectives for current policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates are discussed in a general housing market...

  2. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    European countries. Case studies illustrate local developments and outcomes and are the base for questioning the original identification of problems and thus the chosen solutions. Perspectives for current policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates are discussed in a general housing market......This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other...

  3. Real estate valuation in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božić Branko S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no complete and systemized infrastructure for efficient and reliable evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia. This is confirmed by analysis of the applicable regulations which treat valuation of real estates in different ways. This practice contradicting numerous standards and applicable directives (INSPIRE directive, Strategy of the development of geospatial data infrastructure in the Republic of Serbia etc., as well as numerous other examples of good practice governing the activities of collecting and maintaining spatial data infrastructure. By the Law on State Survey and Cadaster of the 2009, the Republic Geodetic Authority is ensured to the jurisdiction of the development of mass appraisal, which should provide real estate market value for all real estates in the territory of the Republic of Serbia. In contrast, the position and the role of local government being increasable stronger in creating the budget, which is closely associated with the values of resources and capital which local government have. Determing the property tax is the responsibility of the local government and therefore its role in the process of valuation of immovable property is of great importance. In addition to local governments, the Tax Administration traditionally determines real estate values. This paper analyzes the current situation and initiate further activities on the development of the system of evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia.

  4. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  5. Assessing the relationship between the Driver Behavior Questionnaire and the Driver Skill Inventory: Revealing sub-groups of drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinussen, Laila Marianne; Møller, Mette; Prato, Carlo Giacomo

    2014-01-01

    by frequency of aberrant driving behaviors and level of driving skills), as well as to test whether the sub-groups differ in characteristics such as age, gender, annual mileage and accident involvement. Furthermore, the joint analysis of the two instruments was used to test drivers’ assessment of their own...... self-reported driving skills and whether the reported skill level was reflected in the reported aberrant driving behaviors. 3908 drivers aged 18–84 participated in the survey. K-means cluster analysis revealed four distinct sub-groups that differed in driving skills and frequency of aberrant driving......The Driver Behavior Questionnaire and the Driver Skill Inventory are two of the most frequently used measures of self-reported driving style and driving skill. The motivation behind the present study was to identify sub-groups of drivers that potentially act dangerously in traffic (as measured...

  6. Texas Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency (TRERC-TEA) curriculum workshop was attended by over 40 participants representing 26 Texas community colleges. These participants divided into eight small groups by real estate specialty area and developed curriculum outlines and learning objectives for the following real estate courses:…

  7. Examination of Estate Marketing Practices in Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Oyewale Oyedeji; Dolapo Bose Akindele

    2017-01-01

    Estate marketing is an aspect of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. Previous studies on estate marketing identified that there are challenges affecting estate marketing and the resultant effect on these challenges affects the credibility of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. This necessitates the need to examine the practice of estate marketing in Nigeria. This study examined estate marketing practice among estate surveyors and valuers in Ik...

  8. Routines, rigidity and real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Dooley, Kenneth

    2017-01-01

    Finding ways to reduce the environmental impact of the existing building stock is an important element in climate change mitigation. This article examines environmentally focused organisational innovations in the corporate real estate industry. Organisational innovations are often overlooked as they cause considerable disruption to the daily routines of employees. In this article, the focal organisational innovation is the adoption of activity-based working. The study aims to uncover the barr...

  9. Evolution of Greenery in Housing Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kłopotowski, Maciej

    2017-10-01

    One of the basic values of multi-family housing estates which were built in the second half of the 20th century was their green areas. It was assumed that open spaces would serve both recreational and health purposes (related to air ventilation or air purification). In Poland, as in other socialist countries, these areas were parameterized and their size was defined in the relevant legislative documents. The principles of location of these sites in the structure of the estate as well as their equipment have changed during the period taken under consideration. Comparative analysis of specific realizations allows for their characterization and evaluation and reference to contemporary views. In the 1940s and 1950s, these areas were designed in the form of small squares and green areas located in the neighbourhood of the streets. In the sixties and seventies there were small residential parks (usually less than 1 ha). In the 1980s, extensive green areas were being developed which, for economic reasons, remained untouched in a functional way. Another decade (1990s) is associated with political and economic changes in Poland. In the case of estate greenery, it resulted in a complete deviation from its implementation. However, green was introduced on the roofs of buildings (including underground garages). Nowadays, the return to the design of large areas of greenery connected with housing development is being re-established. Their main function is recreational and leisure. One of the new tasks assigned to them is the task of gathering precipitation water. As a result of the analyses conducted, the author indicates which of the historical realizations (chosen periods) best meet modern needs and which can be adapted.

  10. Clinical Trial Adaptation by Matching Evidence in Complementary Patient Sub-groups of Auxiliary Blinding Questionnaire Responses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ognjen Arandjelović

    Full Text Available Clinical trial adaptation refers to any adjustment of the trial protocol after the onset of the trial. Such adjustment may take on various forms, including the change in the dose of administered medicines, the frequency of administering an intervention, the number of trial participants, or the duration of the trial, to name just some possibilities. The main goal is to make the process of introducing new medical interventions to patients more efficient, either by reducing the cost or the time associated with evaluating their safety and efficacy. The principal challenge, which is an outstanding research problem, is to be found in the question of how adaptation should be performed so as to minimize the chance of distorting the outcome of the trial. In this paper we propose a novel method for achieving this. Unlike most of the previously published work, our approach focuses on trial adaptation by sample size adjustment i.e. by reducing the number of trial participants in a statistically informed manner. We adopt a stratification framework recently proposed for the analysis of trial outcomes in the presence of imperfect blinding and based on the administration of a generic auxiliary questionnaire that allows the participants to express their belief concerning the assigned intervention (treatment or control. We show that this data, together with the primary measured variables, can be used to make the probabilistically optimal choice of the particular sub-group a participant should be removed from if trial size reduction is desired. Extensive experiments on a series of simulated trials are used to illustrate the effectiveness of our method.

  11. DEVELOPMENT TOOLKIT FOR REAL ESTATE MARKET ANALYSIS OF MOSCOW REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Yu. Yushin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the developmentdirection of the tools of the secondary realestate market analysis associated withthe identification of market. Assessment of their quality, the relationship with each other and real estate, will improve thealgorithms for identifying repetitive objectsto exclude unreliable supply of assessment activities and a new perspective onthe dynamics of the market.

  12. Employablity Skills among Graduates of Estate Management in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbenta, Idu Robert

    2015-01-01

    There is wide claim that employers have a high level of dissatisfaction associated with graduates from Nigeria higher institutions of learning. This paper examines whether graduates of estate management in Nigeria higher institutions have employability skills for productive employment. The study randomly sampled 59 principal partners or heads of…

  13. Determinants of Real Estate Licensee Income

    OpenAIRE

    G. Stacy Sirmans; Philip G. Swicegood

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the factors that influence the income of real estate licensees. An empirical human capital earnings model is developed from a 1995 survey of Florida real estate brokers and salespeople. In seeking to explain earnings of real estate licensees, this study expands from previous studies by measuring several additional human capital components. A number of factors are seen to positively affect licensee income. These include (a) number of hours worked, (b) experience, (c) franch...

  14. Technical life cycle of real estates

    OpenAIRE

    Taina Koskelo

    2001-01-01

    Real estate business is developing fast. Development needs are challenging because of interdiciplinariness and diverseness of the branch. The main mission of real estate business is to provide premises for its customers. Designers are planning the buildings, contractors are building them and owners are supplying premises for users. During the use the real estate market needs different kinds of facilitating services directed to users or owner of buildings. Facilities Management services (FM) c...

  15. Listing Specialization and Residential Real Estate Licensee

    OpenAIRE

    Leonard V. Zumpano; Ken Johnson; Randy I. Anderson

    2007-01-01

    Earlier research has found that specialization by real estate agents creates economies of scope for real estate firms. So far, however, no research has addressed this issue at the agent level. The question this research seeks to answer is whether specialization in one side of the real estate transaction increases agent income. The most important finding is that specialization has an asymmetric impact on earnings. Specializing in listings positively enhances agent income. In contrast, speciali...

  16. Facilitating improved road safety based on increased knowledge about driving behaviour and profiling sub-groups of drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinussen, Laila Marianne

    The aim of the Ph.D. study presented in this thesis was to facilitate improved road safety through increased understanding of methods used to measure driving behaviour, and through increased knowledge about driving behaviour in sub-groups of drivers. More specifically, the usefulness of the Driver...... Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) within a Danish context was explored, sub-groups of drivers differing in their potential danger in traffic were identified, and the relationship between implicit attitudes towards safe and risky driving and self-reported driving behaviour was explored. The methods applied were...... a questionnaire survey on a random sample of 4,849 drivers, and an implicit attitude test on 55 drivers. The findings are reported in four articles that all are included in this thesis. The main contributions of the thesis are the following: 1. It is shown that Danish drivers’ perform aberrant behaviours...

  17. 75 FR 74620 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... certain provisions of RESPA as applied to the payment of fees to real estate brokers and agents by home... not compensable under RESPA, a real estate broker or agent (or other person in a position to refer... primary services provided by the real estate broker or agent, if the services are not nominal, and the...

  18. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... RESPA and HUD's implementing RESPA regulations, services performed by real estate brokers and agents as..., necessary and distinct from the primary services provided by the real estate broker or agent, the services... CFR 3500.2. Accordingly, the framework for compensation of real estate brokers and agents for services...

  19. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes land...

  20. La seguridad estatal en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer CALDERÓN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El autor aborda el tema de la seguridad estatal en Colombia y las Políticas Públicas de Seguridad Interna del Estado. Señala y analiza los dispositivos estatales de seguridad: Las Fuerzas Armadas, la Doctrina de la Seguridad Nacional, las Normas Legales de excepción al Estado de Derecho y el Paramilitarismo. Establece, siguiendo a Stepan, la existencia de rasgos de relativa autonomía militar junto a otros aspectos de subordinación y concluye que la pretendida disfuncionalidad del aparato militar no explica sus acciones encubiertas. La Doctrina de Seguridad Nacional constituye la base de argumentación legal de las políticas de seguridad de estatal. Pasa revista a los distintos dispositivos normativos de seguridad interna y señala que el paramilitarismo responde a la actuación de una estructura militar de acción ilegal del EstadoABSTRACT: The author deals with the topic o National Security and public policies of intern security of the State in Colombian case. He points out and analyses the security mechanisms of the State such as Armed Forces, National Security Doctrine, the legal roles of emergency of the State and Paramilitarism. On the other hand, the author establishes, following Stepan, the existence of features of relative militar authority along with other aspects of subordination. He concludes that the pretending dysfunction of the militar machine does not explain the hilen actions. The National Security Doctrine constitutes the base of the legal line of argument of the National Security policies. Also, the author revises the different legal devises of the intern security and points out that paramilitarism is the result of the action of a militar structure of illegal actions.

  1. Debt capacity of real estate collateral

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giambona, E.; Golec, J.; Schwienbacher, A.

    2014-01-01

    We study whether real estate assets have a greater positive influence on firm leverage than other tangible assets. Using a large sample of COMPUSTAT firms, we find a significant positive relation between tangibility and leverage in general, and the relation is strongest for real estate collateral.

  2. Obtaining Your License: Careers in Real Estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    Two steps are required to obtain a real estate salesperson's license in Texas: (1) selecting a broker to serve as an advisor, and (2) meeting personal requirements (at least 18 years old, a Texas resident, completion of a minimum of 12 semester hours of real estate and related courses, application, acceptable score on state exam, and payment of…

  3. Corporate real estate and competitive strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bossink, B.A.G.; Singer, B.P.; Vande Putte, H.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate how organisations use a corporate real estate strategy to support their competitive strategy. It provides a theoretical and empirical overview and analysis of effective combinations of firms' real estate and competitive strategies.

  4. An Analysis of the Real Estate Occupation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harestad, Clifford E.; And Others

    The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the real estate occupation. It represents an accounting of what must be done, but not how the entire cycle of a residential sale is completed through the services of a real estate person and the…

  5. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate

  6. Organising the unorganised: Role of platform intermediaries in the Indian real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Srinivasan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A large component of the Indian economy is still in the unorganised (or informal sector. The emergence of new intermediaries leveraging the Internet has contributed significantly to organising the hitherto unorganised sector. We discuss the case of the Indian real estate industry and elucidate how Internet-based intermediaries have mitigated the problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry. The three primary problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry are adverse selection, moral hazard, and weak contract enforcement. Leaders representing four leading real estate platforms discuss how organising the real estate business as a platform business model helps mitigate these risks.

  7. Medical real estate in an age of reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Laca Wong; Camp, Philip J

    2011-04-01

    The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations.

  8. Differential methylation between ethnic sub-groups reflects the effect of genetic ancestry and environmental exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanter, Joshua M; Gignoux, Christopher R; Oh, Sam S; Torgerson, Dara; Pino-Yanes, Maria; Thakur, Neeta; Eng, Celeste; Hu, Donglei; Huntsman, Scott; Farber, Harold J; Avila, Pedro C; Brigino-Buenaventura, Emerita; LeNoir, Michael A; Meade, Kelly; Serebrisky, Denise; Rodríguez-Cintrón, William; Kumar, Rajesh; Rodríguez-Santana, Jose R; Seibold, Max A; Borrell, Luisa N; Burchard, Esteban G; Zaitlen, Noah

    2017-01-01

    Populations are often divided categorically into distinct racial/ethnic groups based on social rather than biological constructs. Genetic ancestry has been suggested as an alternative to this categorization. Herein, we typed over 450,000 CpG sites in whole blood of 573 individuals of diverse Hispanic origin who also had high-density genotype data. We found that both self-identified ethnicity and genetically determined ancestry were each significantly associated with methylation levels at 916 and 194 CpGs, respectively, and that shared genomic ancestry accounted for a median of 75.7% (IQR 45.8% to 92%) of the variance in methylation associated with ethnicity. There was a significant enrichment (p=4.2×10-64) of ethnicity-associated sites amongst loci previously associated environmental exposures, particularly maternal smoking during pregnancy. We conclude that differential methylation between ethnic groups is partially explained by the shared genetic ancestry but that environmental factors not captured by ancestry significantly contribute to variation in methylation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.20532.001 PMID:28044981

  9. Driver style and driver skill – Clustering sub-groups of drivers differing in their potential danger in traffic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinussen, Laila Marianne; Møller, Mette; Prato, Carlo Giacomo

    mirrored the self-reported frequency of aberrant driving behaviors. K-means cluster analysis revealed four distinct clusters that differed in the frequency of aberrant driving behavior and driving skills, as well as individual characteristics and driving related factors such as annual mileage, accident...... frequency and number of tickets and fines. These differences between the clusters suggest that two of the sub-groups are less safe than the two others. The present findings highlight the need to look into driver’s attitudes towards safety, in order to improve the motivation to drive safely. Information from...

  10. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    The costs of transactions in real estate is of importance for households, for investors, for statistical services, for governmental and international bodies concerned with the efficient delivery of basic state functions, as well as for research. The paper takes a multi-disciplinary approach...... in relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes...... in real estate. The paper ends up with an estimate of the cost of a major real property transaction in Denmark....

  11. Systems engineering real estate development projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusakova, Elena; Titarenko, Boris; Stepanov, Vitaliy

    2017-10-01

    In recent years, real estate development has accumulated a wealth of experience in implementing major projects, which requires comprehension and systematization. The scientific instrument of system engineering is studied in the article and is substantively interpreted with reference to real estate development projects. The most perspective approaches and models are substantiated, allowing strategically to plan the life cycle of the project as a whole, and also to solve the engineering butt problems of the project. The relevance of further scientific studies of regularities and specifics of the life cycle of real estate development projects conducted at the Moscow State University of Economics and Management at the ISTA department is shown.

  12. Risk and Real Estate Investment: An International Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Tom G. Geurts; Austin J. Jaffe

    1996-01-01

    The literature regarding portfolio analysis for institutional real estate investors has until now largely been concerned with benefits associated with naive diversification strategies. In this paper, we discuss the prospects that institutional characteristics suggest for risk reduction in internationally diversified portfolios. The risk/return relationship of each country is affected by its own unique institutional environment and therefore there are potential benefits for investors. We argue...

  13. Working with a Real Estate Developer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Allen; Henderson, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Discusses outsourcing to an experienced real estate developer as a more efficient means of meeting school development goals on a strict time schedule. Advantages of outsourcing are covered as is advice on selecting the right development firm. (GR)

  14. Estate planning : the impact of estate duty and capital gains tax on offshore assets / C. Bornman

    OpenAIRE

    Bornman, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Death and taxes are unavoidable. In terms of the current legislation both estate duty and capital gains tax (hereinafter referred to as 'CGT') are levied upon death. The South African National Treasury is reconsidering taxes on death as estate duty contributes minuscule revenue, and its administration is cumbersome. Worldwide taxation is based on either source or residence. Because of the R3 500 000 exemption from estate duty, only wealthy individuals are generally subject to e...

  15. 12 CFR 34.83 - Disposition of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of real estate. 34.83 Section 34.83 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Other Real Estate Owned § 34.83 Disposition of real estate. (a) Disposition. A national bank may...

  16. 33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real estate Claims Officers. In each Division Office the Division...

  17. 32 CFR 644.30 - Preliminary real estate work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Preliminary real estate work. 644.30 Section 644... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.30 Preliminary real estate work. (a) Preliminary real estate work is defined as that action taken...

  18. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank shall...

  19. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS § 365.2 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each insured state... extensions of credit that are secured by liens on or interests in real estate, or that are made for the...

  20. 33 CFR 211.2 - Authority to acquire real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority to acquire real estate..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.2 Authority to acquire real estate. (a) Congressional authority...

  1. An International Perspective on Real Estate Research Priorities

    OpenAIRE

    Newell, Graeme; Worzala, Elaine; McAllister, Patrick; Schulte, Karl-Werner

    2004-01-01

    Surveys of real estate research priorities for real estate fund managers in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Germany over 2000–03 are examined. Thirty-nine real estate research priorities are assessed, with much closer alignment forreal estate research priorities in the U.K., Germany and Australia than seen for the U.S. The role of real estate in a mixed-asset portfolio and real estate and portfolio risk management figure prominently amongst the general real estate research pr...

  2. Is social mixing of tenures a solution for public housing estates?

    OpenAIRE

    Alan Morris; Michelle Jamieson; Roger Patulny

    2012-01-01

    The article reviews 11 primary studies that examine the impact of social mix on public housing estates. In a growing number of countries policy-makers view social mix as the key mechanism to address the problems often associated with disadvantaged public housing estates – unemployment, anti-social behaviour, poor educational performance and high levels of crime. It is argued that by dissipating the concentration of poverty and exposing public housing tenants to more mainstream residents, the ...

  3. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  4. 77 FR 19080 - Estate Tax; Estates of Decedents Dying After August 16, 1954

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 20 Estate Tax; Estates of Decedents Dying After August 16, 1954 CFR Correction 0 In Title 26 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 2 to 29, revised as of April 1, 2011, on...

  5. Examination of Estate Marketing Practices in Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Oyewale Oyedeji

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Estate marketing is an aspect of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. Previous studies on estate marketing identified that there are challenges affecting estate marketing and the resultant effect on these challenges affects the credibility of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. This necessitates the need to examine the practice of estate marketing in Nigeria. This study examined estate marketing practice among estate surveyors and valuers in Ikeja, Lagos Nigeria. The sample size for the study is the 64 registered Estate Surveying and Valuation firms in the study area. Data gathered were analyzed using descriptive statistics and 5-point likert ordinal scale. Findings from the study revealed that the use of brochure or bulletin is the most common estate marketing method in the study area. Also, it was revealed from the study that the use of press is the most cost effective method of estate marketing in the study area. The study identified the various challenges of estate marketing. However, collection of double professional fees is the most prevalent challenge of estate marketing in the study area. Finally, aggressive marketing which leads to unethical practices is the most prevalent mitigating measures adopted by Estate Surveyors and Valuers in the study area. Recommendations were made on how to review the ethical regulations guiding the practice of Estate Surveying and Valuation which will consequently improve marketing in the study area.

  6. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  7. Using Genetic Algorithms for Real Estate Appraisals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Del Giudice

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this paper is the interpretation of the existing relationship between real estate rental prices and geographical location of housing units in a central urban area of Naples (Santa Lucia and Riviera of Chiaia neighborhoods. Genetic algorithms (GA are used for this purpose. Also, to verify the reliability of genetic algorithms for real estate appraisals and, at the same time, to show the forecasting potentialities of these techniques in the analysis of housing markets, a multiple regression analysis (MRA was applied comparing results of GA and MRA.

  8. Expanded risk groups help determine which prostate radiotherapy sub-group may benefit from adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams Scott G

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose To assess whether an expanded (five level risk stratification system can be used to identify the sub-group of intermediate risk patients with prostate cancer who benefit from combining androgen deprivation therapy (ADT with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT. Materials and methods Using a previously validated 5-risk group schema, a prospective non-randomized data set of 1423 men treated at the British Columbia Cancer Agency was assessed for the primary end point of biochemical control (bNED with the RTOG-ASTRO "Phoenix" definition (lowest PSA to date + 2 ng/mL, both with and without adjuvant ADT. The median follow-up was 5 years. Results There was no bNED benefit for ADT in the low or low intermediate groups but there was a statistically significant bNED benefit in the high intermediate, high and extreme risk groups. The 5-year bNED rates with and without ADT were 70% and 73% respectively for the low intermediate group (p = non-significant and 72% and 58% respectively for the high intermediate group (p = 0.002. Conclusion There appears to be no advantage to ADT where the Gleason score is 6 or less and PSA is 15 or less. ADT is beneficial in patients treated to standard dose radiation with Gleason 6 disease and a PSA greater than 15 or where the Gleason score is 7 or higher.

  9. Is there a Future in Real Estate? : Incorporate Futures Contracts within the Swiss Real Estate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Isberg, Ofelia

    2017-01-01

    In the past decades, real estate has turned into something more than just a home, it has become an investment. The interest to invest in the real estate market has increased from investors but also from private persons where the demand not only is to find a living but also perceived as an investment to make a profit or reinvest in the future.  The demand on the Swiss real estate market has increased from locals but also foreigners that want to invest in the stable and safe Swiss market. The h...

  10. Competency Based Curriculum for Real Estate Agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCloy, Robert J.

    This publication is a curriculum and teaching guide for preparing real estate agents in the state of West Virginia. The guide contains 30 units, or lessons. Each lesson is designed to cover three to five hours of instruction time. Competencies provided for each lesson are stated in terms of what the student should be able to do as a result of the…

  11. Department of Estate Management, Federal University of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2014-09-10

    Sep 10, 2014 ... registered and practicing Estate Surveying and Valuation firms in Akure out of which fourteen ... making techniques used in real property .... Table 1: Number of Instructions Received by Professionals. Instructions. Very. Often. Often Rarely Never. Received. WMS. Valuations. 0.0. 100. 0.0. 0.0. 3.00. Agency.

  12. Three essays on real estate finance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, X.

    2010-01-01

    This thesis outlines several issues related to real estate research. The first chapter relaxes the functional form restriction in the empirical application of the hedonic pricing model, and studies its implication on the house price index construction. The second chapter takes into account both the

  13. Imeasi Inglismaal : [Trentham Estate]/ Victoria Parmas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parmas, Victoria

    2011-01-01

    Inglismaa keskosas Staffordshire'i krahvkonnas on üks selle maa külastatavamaid paiku - Trentham Estate. See on suur vabaajakompleks, kuhu kuuluvad kaubanduskeskus, aianduskauplus, ahvide mets, seiklusrada, taimedest labürint, hotell ja aed, mis jaguneb mitmeks omanäoliseks alaks. Hollandi maastikuarhitekt Piet Oudolf on kujundanud preeriaaia, Itaalia aia taastamine usaldati Tom Stuart-Smithile.

  14. Governance structures for real estate transactions: Markets ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines the relative prevalence of markets, hierarchies and networks in the governance of real-estate transactions under three property rights regimes in Windhoek's low-income settlements. These governance structures are related to respective property rights regimes and to conjectures made about the ...

  15. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  16. Directing sustainable investments in commercial real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Entrop, Alexis Gerardus; Brouwers, Jos; Braganca, L.; Pinheiro, M.; Jalali, S.; Mateus, R.; Amoeda, R.; Correia Guedes, M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper focuses on the facility costs, energy use and water consumption of commercial real estate. A framework consisting of four components is established in which the performances on these three aspects are analysed. By using the first, second and third part of the framework suggestions for

  17. Real estate prices and bank stability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetter, Michael; Poghosyan, Tigran

    Real estate prices can deviate from their fundamental value due to rigid supply, heterogeneity in quality, and various market imperfections, which have two contrasting effects on bank stability. Higher prices increase the value of collateral and net wealth of borrowers and thus reduce the likelihood

  18. 76 FR 55322 - Section 67 Limitations on Estates or Trusts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... fees, real estate taxes, insurance premiums, maintenance and lawn services, automobile registration and... amount to the trust each year as compensation for leasing and managing the trust's rental real estate...

  19. Real Estate Financing and Interest Rate Hedging : A quantitative real estate investment case study

    OpenAIRE

    van de Wiel, Wimjan; Kristopher Bock, Felix

    2017-01-01

    Background: The expansive monetary policy of the European Central Bank has been leading to all-time-low interest rates and to a strong move into real estate investment. Low interest rates can work in favor of the investor (due to low interest rate expenditures), but increasing interest rates can jeopardize real estate investments. Since changes in interest rates are unpredictable, an investor needs to deal with this volatility. The capital market offers several financial instruments (so-calle...

  20. THE CONCEPT AND ESSENCE, THE STRUCTURE OF REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With the help of the international research literature, and the legislative framework of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia in the article reveals the basic concepts and the essence of the real estate market, as well as given the classification of real estate. Thoroughly explains the difference between the concepts of "real estate" and "real property". In the article considered the main elements which includes the structure of the real estate market.

  1. Research of real estate price bubbles in lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    Vaitiekutė, Indrė

    2013-01-01

    Real estate market problems of the world have paid special attention, since history knows many examples of sad that left a deep trace in some economies. Over the last several years, and Lithuanian real estate market has attracted considerable attention. On the possible overheating of the market started to talk back as 2004, but last year's Lithuanian real estate market pace surpassed many experts and analysts' expectations. Real estate prices in Lithuania were similar during and throughout th...

  2. The Boom and Gloom of Real Estate Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Brounen (Dirk)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractReal estate markets around the world have earned a complicated reputation. On the one hand, real estate markets offer investors a wide spectrum of profitable investments opportunities, investments that nowadays can be executed by simply buying shares of stock listed by real estate

  3. Dutch direct real estate investments in private portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkhout, T.M.; Geer, van der G.

    2005-01-01

    Direct real estate plays an important role in our daily lives. The place of direct real estate in the portfolio of a private investor is often limited however. The paper attempts to answer the question of how large the allocation to direct real estate should be to attain an optimal risk/return

  4. Knowingly taking risk : Investment decision making in real estate development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gehner, E.

    2008-01-01

    Knowingly taking risk is essential to the success of the real estate development business. Investing in real estate development projects, which are characterised by complexity and uncertainty, implies that high risks are taken. Interestingly, little is known about how real estate development

  5. Effective Continuing Education for Licensed Real Estate Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilton, Wendy A.

    2004-01-01

    Mandatory real estate education has been intensely debated for many years. New Jersey is the only state in the nation that does not require licensed real estate agents to attend an ongoing educational event after securing a license to practice. A bill was proposed to the legislature to mandate real estate education in June of 2001. (It was…

  6. 76 FR 78977 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... other assessments or charges on the real property; (14) Rendering of services by a real estate agent or... Part 1024 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X); Interim Final Rule #0;#0;Federal... Development's (HUD's) rulemaking authority for the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) to the Bureau...

  7. 7 CFR 767.101 - Leasing real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing real estate inventory property. 767.101 Section 767.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY... Property § 767.101 Leasing real estate inventory property. (a) The Agency may lease real estate inventory...

  8. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section... MEMBERSHIP OF STATE BANKING INSTITUTIONS IN THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (REGULATION H) Real Estate Lending and Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each state...

  9. 24 CFR 266.400 - Property requirements-real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property requirements-real estate... Mortgage and Closing Requirements; HUD Endorsement § 266.400 Property requirements—real estate. The mortgage must be on real estate held: (a) In fee simple; (b) Under a renewable lease of not less than 99...

  10. 7 CFR 1955.130 - Real estate brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Real estate brokers. 1955.130 Section 1955.130... Dispose of Inventory Property § 1955.130 Real estate brokers. Contracting authority for the use of real... provide for any licensed real estate broker to provide sales services for any property listed under the...

  11. 7 CFR 1940.406 - Real estate settlement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Real estate settlement procedures. 1940.406 Section... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Truth in Lending-Real Estate Settlement Procedures § 1940.406 Real estate settlement procedures. (a) General. This section provides the instructions...

  12. Integrating Sustainability into the Real Estate Valuation Process: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper sought the perception of Nigerian real estate valuers on sustainable development and how sustainability can be integrated into the real estate valuation process in Nigeria. One hundred and sixty Estate Surveyors and Valuers were asked, among others, to rate the significance of a range of sustainability features ...

  13. 38 CFR 3.263 - Corpus of estate; net worth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Corpus of estate; net....263 Corpus of estate; net worth. (a) General. The following rules are for application in determining the corpus of estate of a parent where dependency is a factor under § 3.250, and the net worth of a...

  14. RELATIONSHIP QUALITY IN REAL ESTATE COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Alexandru LUCA

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Customer loyalty is becoming a topic of interest which is winning increasingly more importance lately, as a result of the focus of marketing research on business relationships. One of the most important factors that determine customer loyalty is Service Quality.The stage of qualitative research consists of analyzing the research literature from this domain, which highlights the Relationship Quality construct as a distinct dimension, relevant for the real estate field. The summary of the main models of relationship quality indicate the most commonly used variables to describe this construct. The stage of quantitative research aims at testing the proportion of content validity for the most commonly used variables. The results describe an estimation of the dimensions of the Relationship Quality construct for the case of real estate services.

  15. Real estate space-territorial development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization is one of the main sustainable tendencies of modern development. The contemporary state of real estate structure is characterized by high level of heterogeneity. In general, the consolidated design document of Moscow urban development, reconstruction and other forms of developing city territories doesn’t take into account the main tendencies of social and economic development, change of scales and structure of city production capacities, priorities of national economy development, or demand particularities, traditional and perspective preferences of citizens of different categories. The article focuses on systematization of basics of real estate space-territorial development strategic analysis. The author analyses the essence of analytical methods, their purpose, levels and analysis projections. The article emphasizes the estimation of economic effectiveness and revelation of urban environment development reserves.

  16. of-Kibena -'Tea. Estates~- Njombe, Tanzania" , "

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study was undertaken to assess Zn,- Cu;- Mn, and Fe status of the soils and tea plants at Kibena Teat ... 88 to 60.28 mg Fekg'J and 7.65 to 31.18 mg Mnkg'J soil. ... market. The highest recorded yield of ma~e tea at. Kibena Tea Estates ranged from 2,500 to 3,000 kg ha'I. "fhe situation is different in neighboring countries ...

  17. Inca Royal Estates in the Sacred Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKim Malville, J.

    The royal estates lying between Cusco and Machu Picchu illustrate the remarkable variety by which the sun was honored and worshipped in the Inca Empire. The terraced basins of Moray combine the sun at both solstices and, perhaps, the zenith sun, with flowing water and offerings to Pachamama. The complex astronomy at Urubamba involves the palace of Quespiwanka, horizon pillars, solstices, and mountain worship. Ollantaytambo contains horizontal shadow-casting gnomons with a major water shrine.

  18. Real Estate and the Asian Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Quigley, John M.

    2002-01-01

    This paper suggests that activities in the real estate markets in Southeast and East Asian economies were an important contributing force to the financial crises of 1997 in the Asian economies. The analysis relies upon unpublished data reported contemporaneously by financial institutions and market watchers to document the extent of the imbalances in the real property market that were evident to informed observers at the time of the financial collapse. The analysis argues that a series of ref...

  19. Physician alignment strategies and real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerniak, Thomas A

    2012-06-01

    When addressing locations of facilities after acquiring physician practices, hospitals should: Acknowledge the hospital's ambulatory plan is the driver rather than real estate assumed with the physician practices, Review the hospital ambulatory service plan for each submarket, Review the location of facilities within the service area and their proximity to one another, Sublease or sell existing facilities that are not appropriate, Ensure that the size and characteristics of each facility in the market are appropriate and consistent with the hospital's image.

  20. Bloomsday: Copyright Estates and Cultural Festivals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rimmer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Copyright estates have been unduly empowered by the extension of the term of copyright protection in Europe, the United States, Australia and elsewhere. The Estate of the Irish novelist, James Joyce, has been particularly aggressive in policing his revived copyrights. The "keepers of the flame" have relied upon threats of legal action to discourage the production of derivative works based upon the canonical texts of the novelist. The Estate has also jealously guarded the reputation of the author by vetoing the use of his work in various scholarly productions. Most radically of all, the grandson Stephen Joyce threatened to take legal action to prevent the staging of "Rejoyce Dublin 2004", a festival celebrating the centenary of Bloomsday. In response, the Irish Parliament rushed through emergency legislation, entitled the Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment Act 2004 (Ireland to safeguard the celebrations. The legislation clarified that a person could place literary and artistic works on public exhibition, without breaching the copyright vested in such cultural texts. Arguably, though, the ad hoc legislation passed by the Irish Parliament is inadequate. The Estate of James Joyce remains free to exercise its suite of economic and moral rights to control the use and adaptation of works of the Irish novelist. It is contended that copyright law needs to be revised to promote the interests of libraries and other cultural institutions. Most notably, the defence of fair dealing should be expanded to allow for the transformative use of copyright works, particularly in respect of adaptations and derived works. There should be greater scope for compulsory licensing and crown acquisition of revived copyrights.

  1. Gentrification and models for real estate analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Brusa

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This research propose a deep analysis of Milanese real estate market, based on data supplied by three real estate organizations; gentrification appears in some neighborhoods, such as Tortona, Porta Genova, Bovisa, Isola Garibaldi: the latest is the subject of the final analysis, by surveying of physical and social state of the area. The survey takes place in two periods (2003 and 2009 to compare the evolution of gentrification. The results of surveys has been employed in a simulation by multi-agent system model, to foresee long term evolution of the phenomenon. These neighborhood micro-indicators allow to put in evidence actual trends, conditioning a local real estate market, which can translate themselves in phenomena such as gentrification. In present analysis, the employ of cellular automata models applied to a neighborhood in Milan (Isola Garibaldi produced the dynamic simulation of gentrification trend during a very long time: the cyclical phenomenon (one loop holds a period of twenty – thirty years appears sometimes during a theoretical time of 100 – 120 – 150 years. Simulation of long period scenarios by multi-agent systems and cellular automata provides estimator with powerful tool, without limits in implementing it, able to support him in appraisal judge. It stands also to reason that such a tool can sustain urban planning and related evaluation processes.

  2. Real Estate Economics, Management and Investments: New Perspectives and Frontiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Del Giudice

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available New perspectives and frontiers were highlighted in a Special Issue on “Real Estate Economics, Finance and Investments”. The twenty-eight papers that were selected and published emanated from scholars from universities all over the world with the aim to represent more recent advances in building management, mass appraisal methods, real estate risk management, economic evaluation of real estate investment projects, real estate market, property, social housing, real estate economics, real estate finance, building transformation and economic effects on environment. These papers helped to determine a unique and valuable opportunity to experiment with multiple approaches to these ever more crucial topics. This note proposes a brief review of the twenty-eight papers, concluding with some reflections about policy, practice and research on real estate issues.

  3. MASS APPRAISAL AND REAL ESTATE TAXATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VORONIN V. О.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. The government at the legislative level fixed the definition of market value for tax purposes as mandatory in the implementation of real estate transactions. In order to meet the requirements of objectivity, uniformity and consistency of the results obtained during the evaluation procedures, as well as minimize the influence of subjective factors, there is a need to develop a methodology for evaluating an automated procedure for determining the estimated value of the property based on its market value. To solve this problem, we use special techniques and methods of mass appraisal that incorporates computer-supported statistical analyses, such as multiple regression analysis and adaptive estimation procedure for use in the field of property valuation and property rights. Purpose. Realization of this goal involves the development of the concept of a computer-assisted mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is an adaptive hybrid models of market pricing in different market segments that incorporates software adaptive algorithms for determining the market value by the three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level real estate market analysis. It was proposed the utility automated valuation models which is intended for the implementation of a computerized real estate valuation based on the developed software adaptive algorithms. Con-clusion. To achieve this goal have been developed and used concepts underlying of computerized mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is adaptive hybrid pricing models in various segments of the real estate market of Ukraine. The problem is solved by the application of the developed software-based adaptive algorithms for determining the market value of three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level analysis of the real estate market. It was pro-posed the model of automated appraisal, according to it was implemented computerization of appraisal procedures on the

  4. TIAA's Commercial Mortgage and Real Estate Investments: The Case for Financial Disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrigan, Richard T.; Jones, Thomas W.

    1992-01-01

    The Teachers Insurance and Annuities Association (TIAA) is criticized for inadequate financial disclosure of its mortgage and real estate investments, especially in the current market. A TIAA vice president responds that the company has not been remiss in reporting changes to its constituents and outlines its present financial status. (MSE)

  5. Building for a better hospital : Value-adding management & design of healthcare real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zwart, J.

    2014-01-01

    Recent deregulation of laws on hospital real estate in the Netherlands implies that healthcare institutions have more opportunities to make independent accommodation choices, but at the same time have themselves become responsible for the risks associated with the investment. In addition,

  6. Distribution of HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 alleles in the Kensiu and Semai Orang Asli sub-groups in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasnim, Abd Razak; Allia, Shahril; Edinur, Hisham Atan; Panneerchelvam, Sundararajulu; Zafarina, Zainuddin; Norazmi, Mohd Nor

    2016-08-01

    The earliest settlers in Peninsular Malaysia are the Orang Asli population, namely Semang, Senoi and Proto Malays. In the present study, we typed the HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 loci of the Kensiu and Semai Orang Asli sub-groups. Sequence-based HLA typing was performed on 59 individuals from two Orang Asli sub-groups. A total of 11, 18 and 14 HLA-A, -B and -DRB1 alleles were identified, respectively. These data are available in the Allele Frequencies Net Database under the population name "Malaysia Kedah Kensiu" and "Malaysia Pahang Semai". Copyright © 2016 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Incentives for Wastewater Management in Industrial Estates in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Le Quang Thong; Nguyen Anh Ngoc

    2004-01-01

    This study provides information on the level and effectiveness of wastewater pollution control in industrial estates in four provinces of Vietnam. It finds low levels of wastewater treatment in many industrial estates in the areas surveyed and identifies significant negative effects on many rivers. It investigates why many estates and the factories that operate inside them have not invested in wastewater treatment plants. It also looks at why many companies (even those connected to treatments...

  8. Putting Ethics on the Agenda for Real Estate Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Brinkmann, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    A post-print of an article originally published in Journal of Business Ethics: http://www.springer.com/philosophy/ethics/journal/10551 This article uses sociological role theory to help understand ethical challenges faced by Norwegian real estate agents. The article begins with an introductory case, and then briefly examines the strengths and limitations of using legal definitions and rules for understanding real estate agency and real estate agent ethics. It goes on to a...

  9. Analysis of the real estate market in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hromada, Eduard

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the description of the current situation on the real estate market in the Czech Republic using several selected parameters. The structure of the real estate market is analyzed in terms of ownership, apartment size, energy intensity of the building, location and other parameters. Statistical results were obtained using the EVAL software developed by the author since 2007. This software continually collects, analyzes and evaluates advertised real estate prices in a monthly period.

  10. THE ETHICS IN THE BUSINESS OF ROMANIAN REAL ESTATE AGENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Basarab Gogoneata

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents an analysis of the main ethical aspects concerning the Romanian real estate intermediation sector. The analysis tries to evaluate the true utility of real estate agents’ services and to assess the potential negative effects of an unethical behavior for the clients. In Romanian real estate market, there are at least three issues that endanger the business ethics of intermediaries. First, as the prices increase very fast, the transactions involve larger and larger amounts of ...

  11. 22 CFR 72.31 - Fees for consular death and estates services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... personal estates of all officers and employees of the United States who die abroad while on official duty... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees for consular death and estates services... PROPERTY AND ESTATES DEATHS AND ESTATES Fees § 72.31 Fees for consular death and estates services. (a) Fees...

  12. 22 CFR 72.25 - Transfer of personal estate to Department of State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... sentimental value, to be held in trust for the legal claimant(s). (c) After receipt of a personal estate, the... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer of personal estate to Department of..., THEIR PROPERTY AND ESTATES DEATHS AND ESTATES Personal Estates of Deceased United States Citizens and...

  13. 7 CFR 784.10 - Estates, trusts, and minors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estates, trusts, and minors. 784.10 Section 784.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS 2004 EWE LAMB REPLACEMENT AND RETENTION PAYMENT PROGRAM § 784.10 Estates, trusts...

  14. Real Estate Appraising. A Suggested Adult Education Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Continuing Education Curriculum Development.

    Developed to assist teachers of classes in real estate appraisal and to help students prepare for professional qualification, this guide presents 12 lessons which may be taught in 15 two-hour sessions. The twelve lessons are (1) The Appraisal of Real Estate, (2) Real Property Value, (3) Basic Principles of Real Property Value, (4) The Appraisal…

  15. Factors influencing academic performance of real estate students in Nigeria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ayodele, Timothy Oluwafemi; Oladokun, Timothy Tunde; Gbadegesin, J.T.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors affecting academic performance of real estate students in a developing country like Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: Data for the study were collected with the aid of questionnaire served on 152 final year real estate students of

  16. The Transmission of Real Estate Shocks Through Multinational Banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertay, A.C.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper investigates the credit supply of banks in response to domestic and foreign real estate price changes. Using a large international dataset of multinational banks, we find evidence of a significant transmission of domestic real estate shocks into lending abroad. A 1% decrease in

  17. An Examination of Estate Surveyors and Valuers' Perception of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Questionnaires are administered to qualified estate surveyors and valuers from 78 Estate Surveying and Valuation Firms across Lagos State. Data were analysed with tables, percentages, 4-point Likert scale and mean ranking (RII). Result shows that majority of the valuation experts admits that the incidence of flooding is ...

  18. Residential Real Estate Properties in Nigeria: How Fair are the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the price fixing mechanism for residential housing units in Nigeria, using Benin and Lagos housing markets as examples. The objective was to determine the fairness of the price fixing mechanism in the Nigerian real estate market. To achieve this objective, a total sample of 3,034 real estate market ...

  19. 25 CFR 700.343 - Life estate leases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... life estate lease which shall end either upon voluntary relinquishment or upon the death of the life... death of the life tenant or the death of his or her spouse, whichever occurs last, all as provided in 25... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Life estate leases. 700.343 Section 700.343 Indians THE...

  20. A Review of ESTAT: An Innovative Program for Teaching Statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, Michael A.; Sellinger, John; Stillerman, Lee M.

    2002-01-01

    Describes a computer program called Estimating Statistics (ESTAT). Focuses on the benefits of the program for teaching statistics to psychology students. Explains that the program is interactive and graphics-based. Explores students' interactions with ESTAT and addresses the criticisms of the program. (CMK)

  1. an examination of estate surveyors and valuers' perception of flood

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-11-27

    Nov 27, 2013 ... about 40 percent of properties were affected, real estate experts are singing different tunes on the probable effects on rents and property values in the affected areas. This study therefore is set out to examine the perception of Estate Surveyors and. Valuers' on flood impact on residential property value in ...

  2. 26 CFR 1.47-5 - Estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Estates and trusts. 1.47-5 Section 1.47-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Rules for Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.47-5 Estates and trusts. (a) In general...

  3. Schistosoma mansoni Infection in Finchaa Sugar Estate: Public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study indicates that schistosomiasis is a major health problem in Finchaa Sugar Estate with moderate prevalence. The study results will provide an additional clinical and parasitological data on the current status of S. mansoni in Finchaa Sugar Estate and could serve as a guide in designing, developing and ...

  4. Real estate implications of transitions in Dutch health care institutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brand, Alexander; Bollinger, Daan; de Jong, P.; van der Voordt, Theo

    2017-01-01

    Due to structural changes in laws and regulations and ways of financing, Dutch health care organisations are in a phase of reorientation and transition. As such, many strategical issues have to be solved that will influence their corporate real estate strategy. In such a dynamic context real estate

  5. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... geographic market (e.g., limits on higher risk loans). • Identify appropriate terms and conditions by type of..., collateral inspection, collection, and loan review. • Establish real estate appraisal and evaluation programs... concentrations of risk. • Compliance with all real estate related laws and regulations, including the Community...

  6. Advertising Model of Residential Real Estate Object in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Mazaj

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the year 2000, during the period of economic growth, the real estate market has been rapidly expanding. During this period advertising of real estate objects was implemented using one set of similar channels (press advertising, Internet advertising, leaflets with contact information of real estate agents and others, however the start of the economic recession has intensified the competition in the market and forced companies to search for new advertising means or to diversify the advertising package. The article presents real estate property, as a product, one of the marketing components – including advertising, conclusions and suggestions based on conducted surveys and a model for advertising the residential real estate objects.Article in Lithuanian

  7. Differences in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and perceived risks regarding colorectal cancer screening among Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese sub-groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, T Domi; Carney, Patricia A; Lee-Lin, Frances; Mori, Motomi; Chen, Zunqiu; Leung, Holden; Lau, Christine; Lieberman, David A

    2014-04-01

    Asian ethnic subgroups are often treated as a single demographic group in studies looking at cancer screening and health disparities. To evaluate knowledge and health beliefs associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) and CRC screening among Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese subgroups, a survey assessed participants' demographic characteristics, healthcare utilization, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes associated with CRC and CRC screening. Exploratory factor analysis identified six factors accounting >60 % of the total variance in beliefs and attitudes. Cronbach's alpha coefficients assessed internal consistency. Differences among Asian subgroups were assessed using a Chi square, Fisher's exact, or Kruskal-Wallis test. Pearson's correlation coefficient assessed an association among factors. 654 participants enrolled: 238 Chinese, 217 Korean, and 199 Vietnamese. Statistically significant differences existed in demographic and health care provider characteristics, knowledge, and attitude/belief variables regarding CRC. These included knowledge of CRC screening modalities, reluctance to discuss cancer, belief that cancer is preventable by diet and lifestyle, and intention to undergo CRC screening. Chinese subjects were more likely to use Eastern medicine (52 % Chinese, 25 % Korean, 27 % Vietnamese; p Korean subjects were less likely to see herbs as a form of cancer prevention (34 % Chinese, 20 % Korean, 35 % Vietnamese; p Korean, 80 % Vietnamese; p < 0.0001). Important differences exist in knowledge, attitudes, and health beliefs among Asian subgroups. Understanding these differences will enable clinicians to deliver tailored, effective health messages to improve CRC screening and other health behaviors.

  8. PROTECTION FROM INFLATION BY INVESTING IN REAL ESTATES, ALBANIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina KRIPA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays investing in Real Estates is one of the main investing alternatives. It has spread fast in all the international markets, and has evolved in other indirect tools of investing, based on the investors’ demands and a country’s economic situation. Investing in Real Estates has become an attractive alternative because it offers protection from Inflation and also diversification. Therefore, the increase in these assets’ prices, and the increase in Inflation at the same time, provides the investor with high rate of returns from his portfolio. Even the periodic income from the rent, reflects the changes in Inflation. As a result, reviewing the literature, we conclude that Real Estates are protective in inflationist periods. The income from Real Estates tends to increase faster in inflationist environments, allowing the investor to keep real rates of returns. Real Estates have always behaved different from bonds, options and stocks. Real Estates have their particular life cycle, which is distinguished by the boom and bust periods, in particular The Commercial Real Estate in the 80’ and The Residential Real Estate in the 2008 crisis. Usually Real Estates have a low correlation with other classes of assets. This makes investors invest more in Real Estates, and now it is normal for an investor with passive or active strategy to own more than one Real Estate for profit intentions. This topic has been chosen in order to understand in details the relationship between Real Estates and Inflation in Albania. To explain this relationship, it has been used the model of a linear regression. It has been identified The House Price Index (a representative of Real Estates in Albania as a dependent variable and Inflation as an independent variable. From this model, we conclude that there is a positive and linear relationship between The Price Index and Inflation. In conclusion, if the economy has Inflation and the GDP Deflator increases by 1 %, then The

  9. Choosing Between an Estate Tax and a Basis Carryover Regime: Evidence from 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Gordon, Robert N.; Joulfaian, David; Poterba, James Michael

    2016-01-01

    Executors of estates for decedents in 2010 could choose between an estate tax regime and a basis carry-over regime. This typically created a tradeoff between a current estate tax payment and a future capital gains tax liability for beneficiaries who inherited assets with carryover-basis. Some executors chose to file estate tax returns, but these filings yielded very little estate tax revenue. Evidence from tax returns suggest that an increase of one percent of estate value in the difference b...

  10. Evaluation of long-term community recovery from Hurricane Andrew: sources of assistance received by population sub-groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, S; Troiano, R P; Barker, N; Noji, E; Hlady, W G; Hopkins, R

    1995-12-01

    Two three-stage cluster surveys were conducted in South Dade County, Florida, 14 months apart, to assess recovery following Hurricane Andrew. Response rates were 75 per cent and 84 per cent. Sources of assistance used in recovery from Hurricane Andrew differed according to race, per capita income, ethnicity, and education. Reports of improved living situation post-hurricane were not associated with receiving relief assistance, but reports of a worse situation were associated with loss of income, being exploited, or job loss. The number of households reporting problems with crime and community violence doubled between the two surveys. Disaster relief efforts had less impact on subjective long-term recovery than did job or income loss or housing repair difficulties. Existing sources of assistance were used more often than specific post-hurricane relief resources. The demographic make-up of a community may determine which are the most effective means to inform them after a disaster and what sources of assistance may be useful.

  11. Sample size and classification error for Bayesian change-point models with unlabelled sub-groups and incomplete follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Simon R; Muniz-Terrera, Graciela; Matthews, Fiona E

    2018-05-01

    Many medical (and ecological) processes involve the change of shape, whereby one trajectory changes into another trajectory at a specific time point. There has been little investigation into the study design needed to investigate these models. We consider the class of fixed effect change-point models with an underlying shape comprised two joined linear segments, also known as broken-stick models. We extend this model to include two sub-groups with different trajectories at the change-point, a change and no change class, and also include a missingness model to account for individuals with incomplete follow-up. Through a simulation study, we consider the relationship of sample size to the estimates of the underlying shape, the existence of a change-point, and the classification-error of sub-group labels. We use a Bayesian framework to account for the missing labels, and the analysis of each simulation is performed using standard Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques. Our simulation study is inspired by cognitive decline as measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination, where our extended model is appropriate due to the commonly observed mixture of individuals within studies who do or do not exhibit accelerated decline. We find that even for studies of modest size ( n = 500, with 50 individuals observed past the change-point) in the fixed effect setting, a change-point can be detected and reliably estimated across a range of observation-errors.

  12. Contrast Mining for Pattern Discovery and Descriptive Analytics to Tailor Sub-Groups of Patients Using Big Data Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phinney, Michael A; Zhuang, Yan; Lander, Sean; Sheets, Lincoln; Parker, Jerry C; Shyu, Chi-Ren

    2017-01-01

    The shift to electronic health records has created a plethora of information ready to be examined and acted upon by those in the medical and computational fields. While this allows for novel research on a scale unthinkable in the past, all discoveries still rely on some initial insight leading to a hypothesis. As the size and variety of data grows so do the number of potential findings, making it necessary to optimize hypothesis generation to increase the rate and importance of discoveries produced from the data. By using distributed Association Rule Mining and Contrast Mining in a big data ecosystem, it is possible to discover discrepancies within large, complex populations which are inaccessible using traditional methods. These discrepancies, when used as hypotheses, can help improve patient care through decision support, population health analytics, and other areas of healthcare.

  13. Marked Body Shape Concerns in Female Patients Suffering from Eating Disorders: Relevance of a Clinical Sub-Group.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Gailledrat

    Full Text Available Concerns about body shape and weight are core diagnostic criteria for eating disorders although intensity varies between patients. Few studies have focused on the clinical differences relative to the intensity of these concerns. Nonetheless, they might have a prognostic value. This study was aimed at identifying the characteristics associated with marked body shape concerns in patients with an eating disorder. Data was collected from a systematic and standardized clinical assessment of outpatients seeking treatment in our department for eating disorders. Only female patients, suffering from anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, and with "no / mild" or "marked" body shape concerns according to the Body Shape Questionnaire, were included for the present study. We focused on sociodemographic characteristics, eating disorder characteristics, axis 1 disorders, types of attachment, self-esteem and dissociation. A multiple logistic regression was performed to identify factors related to "marked" body shape concerns. In our sample (123 participants, with a mean age of 24.3 years [range 16-61], 56.9% had marked concerns with body shape. Marked body shape concerns were associated with a major depressive episode (OR = 100.3, the use of laxatives (OR = 49.8, a high score on the item "body dissatisfaction" of the Eating Disorders Inventory scale (OR = 1.7, a higher minimum body mass index (OR = 1.73, and a high score on the item "loss of control over behavior, thoughts and emotions" from the dissociation questionnaire (OR = 10.74. These results are consistent with previous studies, and highlight the importance of denial.

  14. Real Estate Value Tax Based on the Latvian Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hełdak Maria

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the subject of the planned real estate changes in Poland as viewed in relation to the solutions accepted in Latvia. The current basis for real estate tax is a set fee per 1m² of the estate’s area established in a town council resolution, taking into account the maximum fees established by the Minister of Finances. Currently, the owners of real estates with identical area often pay the same tax regardless of the location, condition and function of the real estate formulated in the plan. The cadastral tax currently in preparation addresses these and other features which influence the value of real estate. A set cadastral value approximate to the market value will serve as the basis for determining the cadastral tax. The principles of real estate tax retrieval in Poland are not clearly established which is why it might prove useful to use the experience of other countries undergoing similar governmental changes. The article makes references to tax solutions recognized in Latvia in the domain of tax fees, valuation principles and problems accompanying real estate tax retrieval.

  15. Fondos inmobiliarios y riesgo urbano./ Real estate funds and urban risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Daher

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre fondos de inversión inmobiliaria y riesgo urbano es compleja: el riesgo del sector inmobiliario-financiero incrementa la vulnerabilidad urbana, y la sustentabilidad de las ciudades es más dependiente del riesgo de ese sector que éste del riesgo urbano y del riesgo país. La suerte de las economías nacionales está muy asociada a la suerte de las ciudades y la del riesgo supranacional global a la del riesgo subnacional urbano. El riesgo financiero-inmobiliario se ha multiplicado por la financiarización: los fondos inmobiliarios transnacionales y la gran movilidad geográfica de capitales, por su alta y selectiva concentración metropolitana, inducen la inflación de burbujas y las crisis, afectando la sustentabilidad urbana, nacional e incluso global. La financiarización no sólo es inmobiliaria: se trata de una amplia “financiarización urbana” que incluye –como en la crisis subprime- la vivienda social, y que agudiza las disparidades e inequidades territoriales./ The association between real estate funds and urban risk is complex; financial uncertainty of real estate development increases urban vulnerability and negatively affects the sustainability of cities. However, the relation is not reciprocal, since the impact that urban risk, and the reliability of national economies have on real estate development is relatively low. The success of national economies depends on the specific conditions of a country’s cities, and the success of global supranational risk is closer to urban subnational risk. The financial risk of real estate development has increased because of financialisation. As the metropolitan concentration is high and selective, transnational real estate funds, along with the geographical mobility of capital, propel the growth of real estate bubbles and crisis, making a big impact on sustainability at many levels –urban, national and even global-. Financialisation is not just a real estate

  16. Randfontein estates - success story as an old timer fights back

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    In 1965 Randfontein Estates gave notice of intent to discontinue mining operations and was destined for the 'In Memoriam' column of the mining industry. Looking at Randfontein Estates today it is hard to believe that this gold and uranium producer was a dying mine only a few years ago. As this article (and the sharemarket) show, 90 years old Randfontein Estates is as active today as it has ever been. Mining and production at the Randfontein section are discussed, as well as hoists, ventilation and slimes treatment

  17. Atypical real estate objects: legal regime and control system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voskresenskaya Elena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The legal concept of immovable things raises controversy in legal practice. Determining and understanding the definition of real estate, the complexity and diversity of these objects, a growing appearance of so-called atypical properties (such as sport stadiums, roads, boreholes, analyzing legislation and judicial practice of this field – all these issues call for a deep study of this topic. There is a conflicting arbitration practice, the subject of which is the learning of the legal nature of atypical real estate (for instance, asphalt playgrounds, car parks, fences, wells. The object of the research is the learning of the legal status of atypical real estate.

  18. Towards a listed real estate investment valuation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douw Gert Brand Boshoff

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a Listed Real Estate Investment Valuation Model that was developed to investigate the movement in indirect real estate investment through the consideration of the underlying assets of property loan stock companies. Specific reference is given to information that is made available to shareholders by way of annual financial statements in order to determine the extent to which shareholders can make investment decisions based on this information. The study enhances the knowledge of direct vs. indirect real estate investment behaviour and provides more insight into price discovery in the property sector.

  19. Improvement and alienation of public real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferruccio Favaron

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Italian cities have been in crisis through the last decades, not being able anymore to guarantee the needs and expectations of their inhabitants, due to the lack of fundamental services, mobility, places of aggregation and attraction. The housing growth since Second World War, answering almost only to the needs of speculation and revaluation of landed revenue, produced anonymous and degraded suburbs, contributing to cancel a fundamental part of our communities’ history and culture. The crisis of the cities has clashed with the architectural one. Through sustainable regeneration, identified by the Italian architects as the greatest opportunity for revitalizing the cities and develop the country, we need to sustain interventions based on high architectural quality, besides innovative energetic, environmental and social requalification standards. It is now as never fundamental to extend the city effect from the centre to the far end suburbs, upgrading the public element, integrating the services and proposing new polarities able to interact in a synergic and propaedeutic way with the city centre. Within these settings, involving public agencies and resources with private companies and capitals, the new conversion, development and alienation of the public real estate (valued more than 400 billions €, represent a unique chance to redefine and regenerate the cities, apart from being an extraordinary opportunity to drop the debt and rationalize the local government expenses. To provide powerful infrastructures, aimed cultural policies, sustainable and environmental developments plans, are the biggest challenges to make our cities the most important investment on our future.

  20. CHIMES-I: sub-group analyzes of the effects of NeuroAiD according to baseline brain imaging characteristics among patients randomized in the CHIMES study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Jose C; Chen, Christopher Li Hsian; Lagamayo, Pedro Danilo J; Geslani, Melodia B; Eow, Gaik Bee; Poungvarin, Niphon; de Silva, Asita; Wong, Lawrence K S; Venketasubramanian, N

    2013-08-01

    The clinical effects of neuroprotective and/or neurorestorative therapies may vary according to location and size of the ischemic injury. Imaging techniques can be useful in stratifying patients for trials that may be beneficial against particular ischemic lesion characteristics. To test the hypothesis that the efficacy of NeuroAiD compared with placebo in improving functional outcome and reducing neurological deficit in patients with cerebral infarction of intermediate severity varies between sub-groups of patients randomized in the main Chinese Medicine Neuroaid Efficacy on Stroke study when categorized according to baseline imaging characteristics. This is a retrospective cohort sub-group analysis of patients who participated in the main Chinese Medicine Neuroaid Efficacy on Stroke study, a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that recruited 1100 patients within 72 h of ischemic stroke onset with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 6-14 and were randomized to either NeuroAiD or placebo taken four capsules three times daily for three months. Review of the baseline images to classify the acute stroke lesions in terms of size, location, and extent of involvement will be performed retrospectively by two readers who will remain blinded as to treatment allocation and outcomes of the subjects. The primary efficacy end-point in the main Chinese Medicine Neuroaid Efficacy on Stroke study is the modified Rankin Scale grades at three-months. Secondary efficacy end-points are the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at three-months; difference of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores between baseline and 10 days and between baseline and three-months; difference of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale sub-scores between baseline and 10 days and between baseline and three-months; modified Rankin Scale at 10 days, one-month, and three-months; Barthel index at three-months; and Mini Mental State Examination at 10 days and

  1. Accessibility of Real Estate by Transportation as a Determinant of the Development of Suburban Real Estate Markets – Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolny Ada

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show the accessibility of real estate by transportation as a factor that significantly determines the decision to acquire it. Direct access to a public road, or access to an internal road that provides communication with the public road, are a factor affecting the value of real estate. In addition, this factor is taken into account in the process of changing the function of the area, especially in determining zoning and land use. The decision of purchasing real estate often depends on transportation accessibility, because it has an impact on developing the selected plot.

  2. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) Inventory (Building)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  3. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) (Lease)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  4. Teaching Persuasion and Communication Issues in the Real Estate Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Rochelle D.; DiGaetani, John L.

    1986-01-01

    Describes a business communication teaching technique that uses role playing related to issues of the real estate business. Helps students to develop skill in persuasion, problem analysis, and decision making. (CH)

  5. Success and fail factors in sustainable real estate renovation projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Volker, L.

    2011-01-01

    Sustainability remains an important issue for the construction industry. Yet, sustainable real estate developments are still considered as highly ambitious projects. To find out how and why sustainable renovation projects actually became sustainable we systematically evaluated 21 leading Dutch real

  6. Impact of real estate interventions on organisational performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, JC; de Jonge, H.; van der Voordt, Theo

    2008-01-01

    Background: Real estate is increasingly used as a source of improving the performance of organisations by an improved image, cost reductions, increased employee satisfaction and increased labour productivity. A clear conceptual framework and standardised Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are needed

  7. Book Review: Real estate, construction and economic development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Title: Real estate, construction and economic development in emerging market economies. Book Authors: Edited by Raymond Talinbe Abdulai, Franklin Obeng-Odoom, Edward Ochieng, Vida Maliene. (2015). Taylor & Francis, UK. ISBN: 9780415747899 ...

  8. Towards a Real Estate Monitoring Information System in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul de Vries

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the construction of real estate databases and the valuation of properties in Buzau, Romania. One of the criteria for candidate states for EU membership is an effective monitoring system for the land and real estate markets.The objective of this paper is twofold. First, the development of a set of databases, procedures and guidelines that enables a valuation process on the Romanian real estate market and secondly, using those databases, to gain insight into the real market value of recently sold properties. We use the observations of estate agents and banks starting in May 2007. Using hedonic regression, with house andneighbourhood characteristics, we estimate the house prices

  9. Building for a better hospital. Value-adding management & design of healthcare real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan van der Zwart

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent deregulation of laws on hospital real estate in the Netherlands implies that healthcare institutions have more opportunities to make independent accommodation choices, but at the same time have themselves become responsible for the risks associated with the investment. In addition, accommodation costs have become an integral part of the costs of healthcare. This sheds new light on the alignment between the organisation of healthcare and accommodation: care institutions themselves bear the risk of recouping their investment in real estate and high accommodation costs lead to higher rates for healthcare compared to competing institutions. In this thesis, the ideas and concepts of Corporate Real Estate Management 
(CREM are examined in terms of the contribution they could make to the process
of accommodation decision by using recent cases in Dutch hospitals. CREM can be defined as the management of the real estate portfolio of a corporation by aligning the portfolio and services with the needs of the core business in order to obtain maximum added value for the business and an optimal contribution to the overall performance of the organisation. This definition assumes that accommodation can add value to the organisation and contribute to its overall achievement. Elaborating on the added value of real estate in addition to quantifying these added values and making them applicable to hospital real estate management is therefore central to this study. The added values determine the transition between the different phases in the cycle of the initiation, design, construction and occupancy of the accommodation. In addition, the added value of real estate functions as a common language between the disciplines involved in the design and construction of hospital accommodation, such as the healthcare institution, healthcare manager, real estate manager and architect. In four sub-studies (1 Context, (2 Management, (3 Value and, (4 Design several

  10. Privatization of Land Plot Under Integral Real Estate Complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maruchek A. A.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the questions concerning the privatization of a land plot under integral real estate complex. The authors come to conclusion that a number of legislation norms relating to privatization of a land plot do not take into account the construction of an integral real estate complex that could cause some problems in the realization of the right to privatization of the land plot

  11. Real estate appraisal of land lots using GAMLSS models

    OpenAIRE

    Florencio, Lutemberg; Cribari-Neto, Francisco; Ospina, Raydonal

    2011-01-01

    The valuation of real estates (e.g., house, land, among others) is of extreme importance for decision making. Their singular characteristics make valuation through hedonic pricing methods dificult since the theory does not specify the correct regression functional form nor which explanatory variables should be included in the hedonic equation. In this article we perform real estate appraisal using a class of regression models proposed by Rigby & Stasinopoulos (2005): generalized additive mode...

  12. Date Stamping Bubbles in Real Estate Investment Trusts

    OpenAIRE

    Escobari, Diego; Jafarinejad, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    We test for the existence of single and multiple bubble periods in four Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) indices using the Supremum Augmented Dickey-Fuller (SADF) and the Generalized SADF. These methods allow us to estimate the beginning and the end of bubble periods. Our results provide statistically significant evidence of speculative bubbles in the REIT index and its three components: Equity, Mortgage and Hybrid REITs. These results may be valuable for real estate financial managers and...

  13. Methods of Assessing Noise Nuisance of Real Estate Surroundings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szopińska Kinga

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Testing what factors create the market value of real estate is key information when preparing property valuations as well as other opinions and professional evaluations on the basis of which court verdicts or administrative decisions are made. One of the factors influencing the value of some real estate is the level of noise present in the surroundings, which can lead to the occurrence of noise nuisance negatively affecting social relations.

  14. Uranium mill tailings remedial action project real estate management plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    This plan summarizes the real estate requirements of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Action (UMTRA) Project, identifies the roles and responsibilities of project participants involved in real estate activities, and describes the approaches used for completing these requirements. This document is intended to serve as a practical guide for all project participants. It is intended to be consistent with all formal agreements, but if a conflict is identified, the formal agreements will take precedence.

  15. Illustration of value creation in real estate business

    OpenAIRE

    Tuuli Luoma; Seppo Junnila; Lasse Forsman

    2011-01-01

    The added value of corporate real estate and facilities management has gained a lot of attention during the past years. However, the actual value creation has received less attention. In this paper the aim is to increase the understanding of value creation in real estate business and reflect the current approach against lean theory. Design/methodology/approach ñ Due to the descriptive nature of the research, a FM case of energy management service was selected to illustrate the value creation....

  16. Artificial Neural Networks and the Mass Appraisal of Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Zhou

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of computer, artificial intelligence and big data technology, artificial neural networks have become one of the most powerful machine learning algorithms. In the practice, most of the applications of artificial neural networks use back propagation neural network and its variation. Besides the back propagation neural network, various neural networks have been developing in order to improve the performance of standard models. Though neural networks are well known method in the research of real estate, there is enormous space for future research in order to enhance their function. Some scholars combine genetic algorithm, geospatial information, support vector machine model, particle swarm optimization with artificial neural networks to appraise the real estate, which is helpful for the existing appraisal technology. The mass appraisal of real estate in this paper includes the real estate valuation in the transaction and the tax base valuation in the real estate holding. In this study we focus on the theoretical development of artificial neural networks and mass appraisal of real estate, artificial neural networks model evolution and algorithm improvement, artificial neural networks practice and application, and review the existing literature about artificial neural networks and mass appraisal of real estate. Finally, we provide some suggestions for the mass appraisal of China's real estate.

  17. Uranium mill tailings remedial action project real estate management plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-09-01

    This plan summarizes the real estate requirements of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Action (UMTRA) Project, identifies the roles and responsibilities of project participants involved in real estate activities, and describes the approaches used for completing these requirements. This document is intended to serve as a practical guide for all project participants. It is intended to be consistent with all formal agreements, but if a conflict is identified, the formal agreements will take precedence

  18. Outlook of India’s Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Deshmukh, Hrishikesh

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is aimed at analyzing the Indian Economy from a Macroeconomic view point, with a particular focus on the real Estate sector. The focus on the Real Estate sector includes analyzing the various factors which come into play in the sector, understanding underlying variables and identifying investment opportunities. The economy of India has undergone superb change in the past few decades. The growth of GDP, averaging to a 6% per annum rate, is astounding. The growth in GDP has...

  19. PROTECTION FROM INFLATION BY INVESTING IN REAL ESTATES, ALBANIAN CASE

    OpenAIRE

    Dorina KRIPA; Alban KORBI

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays investing in Real Estates is one of the main investing alternatives. It has spread fast in all the international markets, and has evolved in other indirect tools of investing, based on the investors’ demands and a country’s economic situation. Investing in Real Estates has become an attractive alternative because it offers protection from Inflation and also diversification. Therefore, the increase in these assets’ prices, and the increase in Inflation at the same time, provides t...

  20. The economics of real estate brokerage and contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Wignall, Christopher David

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation collects research on real estate brokerage and contract theory that was completed while the author was a student at the University of California, San Diego. Chapter 1 presents an empirical analysis of the role of social networks in economic decision-making. Specifically, it is demonstrated that individuals are likely to choose the same real estate agent as a peer who is in the same social network. Evidence is presented that the social influence comes through peer-to-peer com...

  1. The Dynamics of Real Estate Field of Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuryj-Wysocka Oksana

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Property is worth only as much as market participants are willing to pay for it - that is as much as the potential of the property. Determining the potential of real estate is an extremely difficult task, because certain properties can be viewed in different ways. A person’s attitude towards a given real estate finds reflection in the value of the property.

  2. Activity report for feasibility study on PKI authentication method with IC card in authentication system sub group of J-PARC information system group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teshima, Naoya; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Nakajima, Norihiro; Hashimoto, Kiyoharu; Manabe, Atsushi; Yuasa, Fukuko

    2009-06-01

    The Authentication System Sub Group of J-PARC Information System Group completed the mapping of the several authentication methods in terms of the level of security. Of the methods, the PKI authentication method with IC card provides the Super High Security Level and will be adopted as the authentication method of several J-PARC Information Systems. We study the feasibility of this method with following four examples; (1) 'The EAP-TLS wireless LAN authentication method'. (2) 'The Web-SSL client authentication method in SSL-VPN connection'. (3) 'The PKI authentication method with a certificate issued by NAREGI-CA software stored in IC card.' (4) 'The PKI authentication method with Dual interface FeliCa card'. In each example, we confirmed the feasibility of the method in a practical way. In this report we present the details of the study. (author)

  3. The real estate market as the foundation of the value and forecast as a purpose: trend and real estate cycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rosasco

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this project is that of inquiring around the relations existing among the main variables characterizing the Genovese residential real estate market which determine their performance in time through the data analysis of the two observers of the real estate market: ASSIMIL and OMI. The analysis has developed on five selected market homogeneous areas within the territory of the town of Genoa. The aim is that to test whether it’s possible or not to recognize a cyclical of values in time and how they appear by using two different sources of data. The correct forecast of the real estate market is, in fact, strategic for the valuation of the feasibility of interventions and for the construction of reliable real estate investment scenarios.

  4. 26 CFR 20.2031-1 - Definition of gross estate; valuation of property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Gross Estate... returned. Property shall not be returned at the value at which it is assessed for local tax purposes unless... by devise or inheritance, or by reason of death, form of ownership, or other conditions (including...

  5. 26 CFR 1.469-9 - Rules for certain rental real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rules for certain rental real estate activities... certain rental real estate activities. (a) Scope and purpose. This section provides guidance to taxpayers... rental real estate, including any interest in rental real estate that gives rise to deductions under...

  6. 7 CFR 1951.11 - Application of payments on real estate accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application of payments on real estate accounts. 1951... Servicing Policies § 1951.11 Application of payments on real estate accounts. (a) Regular payments. If a borrower owes more than one type of real estate loan, or has received initial and subsequent real estate...

  7. The Real Estate Inspector. Teachers Instructional Packet (TIP) No. 11, Spring 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

    Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was designed to help real estate students understand legal requirements for real estate inspectors in Texas. The material is based on Section 18C of the Real Estate License Act, as amended by the 1985 Texas Legislature. Following a presentation on…

  8. 7 CFR 1962.8 - Liens on real estate for additional security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Liens on real estate for additional security. 1962.8... Security § 1962.8 Liens on real estate for additional security. The County Supervisor may take the best lien obtainable on any real estate owned by the borrower, including any real estate which already...

  9. 32 CFR 643.3 - Authority to grant use of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to grant use of real estate. 643.3... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.3 Authority to grant use of real estate. (a) The United States.... (b) One of the principal authorities for the use of military real estate for commercial purposes is...

  10. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  11. 17 CFR 210.12-28 - Real estate and accumulated depreciation. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate and accumulated... § 210.12-28 Real estate and accumulated depreciation. 1 [For Certain Real Estate Companies] Column A... following form, of the total amount at which real estate was carried at the beginning of each period for...

  12. 17 CFR 210.12-29 - Mortgage loans on real estate. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage loans on real estate... § 210.12-29 Mortgage loans on real estate. 1 [For Certain Real Estate Companies] Column A—Description 2... amount of the extended mortgages, explain. 7 If any item of mortgage loans on real estate investments has...

  13. The Performance and Diversification Benefits of European Non-listed Real Estate Funds

    OpenAIRE

    Graeme Newell

    2015-01-01

    Non-listed real estate funds are an important real estate investment product in the European real estate landscape. These non-listed real estate funds provide investors (eg: pension funds, sovereign wealth funds) with exposure to high quality real estate portfolios in the European region.Using the INREV non-listed real estate fund index, the risk-adjusted performance and diversification benefits of European non-listed real estate over 2010-2014 is assessed. This is further assessed for Europe...

  14. Split-estate negotiations: the case of coal-bed methane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayley H. Chouinard; Christina Steinhoff [Washington State University, WA (United States)

    2008-01-15

    Coal-bed methane is an emerging contributor to the US energy supply. Split estates, where landowners control the surface and the energy companies lease the rights to the underground gas from the federal government, often impede successful negotiations for methane extraction. We provide an extensive form representation of the dynamic game of the negotiation process for subsurface access. We then solve for a set of Nash equilibrium outcomes associated with the split estate negotiations. By examining the optimal offers we can identify methods to improve the likelihood of negotiations that do not break down and result in the gas developer resorting to the use of a bond. We examine how changes in transaction costs or entitlements will affect the outcomes, and support our finds with anecdotal evidence from actual negotiations for coal-bed methane access. 55 refs.

  15. The future of trusts as an estate planning tool / Burger T.

    OpenAIRE

    Burger, Trinette

    2011-01-01

    Estate planning is an important exercise aimed at increasing, preserving and protecting assets during a person's lifetime and providing for the disposition and continued utilisation of these assets after his death. The minimisation of estate duty, however, often dominates the motivation behind estate planning and many of the tools, structures and techniques used as part of the estate planning exercise are aimed at reducing or avoiding estate duty. One of these tools is the trust. In the 2010 ...

  16. Does It Matter Whom an Agent Serves? Evidence from Recent Changes in Real Estate Agency Law.

    OpenAIRE

    Curran, Christopher; Schrag, Joel

    2000-01-01

    Recent changes in real estate law hastened the shift from a seller's agency regime, in which real estate agents serve the interests of sellers, to a buyer's agency regime, in which agents serve the interests of buyers. Using data from the Atlanta real estate market, we show that the shift to buyer's agency led to a significant decline in real estate prices in the market for relatively expensive houses, while real estate prices did not significantly change in the market for relatively inexpens...

  17. DESIGNING PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR BONTANG INDUSTRIAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adjie Pamungkas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bontang Local Government has planned Bontang Industrial Estate (BIE to accommodate oil, gas, condensate and other industries.  The estate will need investment for about IDR. 2.27 Trillion while the total annual local government budget is near to IDR 2 Trillion. Moreover, the estate has to be operated in a business manner while the local government officers have a culture in non-profit organisation as part of bureaucracy. However, the BIE feasibility study 2013 has determined that the estate will generate economic multipliers boosting the city development.  Therefore, a partnership among government and private parties should be determined and accommodated in a proper cooperation arrangement. To design the partnership, we review literature, interview related private parties and confirm opinions of the private parties to the governments. A content analysis was used to assess information from the interviews. Considering the final outputs, BIE should be organised by a pure private enterprise or Ltd. to ensure the economic viable of the estate. The Ltd. is a partnership among the government and private parties via shareholders. The government can still hold a majority share with special arrangement in investment scheme. For the initial investments, the government can use its assets valued as 51% of total share while private parties can inject cash money equal to 49% of the total.  With this capital arrangement, the estate can be operated with initial investment for about IDR. 267.11 Billion on 244.97 Ha land. This initial investment can be profitable with IDR. 650 Billion NPV, 19.93% IRR and 13.95 year PP.Bontang Local Government has planned Bontang Industrial Estate (BIE to accommodate oil, gas, condensate and other industries.

  18. The Impact of Real Estate Market in the Albanian Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina Kripa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market has an important impact on social and economic development of a country, and it involves many aspects which increase the complexity of the impact analysis and often have opposite directions. This can be supported by the fact that real estate is one of the most important items in public spending3, but also in investment expenses in general (this is especially typical for Albania. These expenses are mainly related to infrastructure and accommodation of homeless people by the National Housing Entity. Researchers have studied the relation between the price of real estates with the GDP of a country, concluding that real estate prices and the government policies related to them, do impact the GDP growth, and movements in residential prices can be used to forecast GDP growth. On the other hand, when purchasing a home, individuals use all their savings, or take loans, which constantly cause the reduction of consumption and saving possibilities in order to afford the installments and other loan expenses. So, from this point of view, this investment may have an adverse effect, even on GDP. But, the question we raise in this study is: what impact has the real estate market in Albanian economy? We begin the study by emphasizing the importance of the real estate market, and then we identify key developments related to this market’s financing, price developments and the construction activity, as an important part of the market itself. The study is concluded with a regression analysis on the role the real estate market plays in the Albanian economy.

  19. Real Estate Crowdfunding. A financial innovation for direct property investment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomo Morri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to provide a simple overview on crowdfunding with a focus on its potential application to the real estate market. The Global Financial Crisis of 2008 paralyzed the global economy, creating a strong diminishing trust in financial services and in the banking system in general. One of the most revolutionary systems to get funded in the market has been crowdfunding, a way of financing coming directly from the crowd through the Internet. Crowdfunding in real estate started in 2012 with the Jumpstart Our Business Startup Act (JOBS Act in USA and has been developing at a fast rate every year. In Italy, crowdfunding for real estate projects is not allowed yet, but there are various platforms that are already using the concept in different ways. Real Estate Crowdfunding could represent an interesting opportunity for private individual to have an exposure to direct real estate investments. After an initial description of crowdfunding in general, we present real estate crowdfunding in the U.S. by presenting the most relevant cases up to date. Finally, we analyze the Italian market by explaining why this innovative way of financing real estate projects is not feasible yet and how some platforms are legally trying to overcome the current limitations. In the U.S. the RECF has already raised more than $1 billion and there are more than 125 platforms; in Italy there are still limits for startups dealing with crowdfunding and a few platforms are starting to operate with a similar model.

  20. Market Motivations for Voluntary Carbon Disclosure in Real Estate Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ufere, Kalu Joseph; Alias, Buang; Godwin Uche, Aliagha

    2016-07-01

    Climate change mitigation in developing economies is a balancing act, between economic development and environmental sustainability. The need for market friendly determinants for low carbon economy, without compromising economic development is of essence. The aim of the study is to determine market friendly factors, which motivates voluntary carbon information disclosure, in the real estate industry. The study modeled economic factor with three variables and financial market factor with three variables against voluntary carbon information disclosure in the real estate industry. Structural equation modeling was used for the modeling and content analysis was used to collect data on the level of voluntary carbon information disclosure, from 2013 annual reports of 126 real estate sector companies listed in the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). The model achieved a good fit, and was acceptable prediction. The results show that financial market factor has a significant predictive influence on voluntary carbon disclosure. The application of the result is that financial market factor is has a significantly positive influence on companies’ willingness to make voluntary carbon disclosure in the real estate industry. The result may be limited to the real estate industry that is highly leveraged on syndicated fund.

  1. Pricing real estate index options under stochastic interest rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Pu; Dai, Jun

    2017-08-01

    Real estate derivatives as new financial instruments are not merely risk management tools but also provide a novel way to gain exposure to real estate assets without buying or selling the physical assets. Although real estate derivatives market has exhibited a rapid development in recent years, the valuation challenge of real estate derivatives remains a great obstacle for further development in this market. In this paper, we derive a partial differential equation contingent on a real estate index in a stochastic interest rate environment and propose a modified finite difference method that adopts the non-uniform grids to solve this problem. Numerical results confirm the efficiency of the method and indicate that constant interest rate models lead to the mispricing of options and the effects of stochastic interest rates on option prices depend on whether the term structure of interest rates is rising or falling. Finally, we have investigated and compared the different effects of stochastic interest rates on European and American option prices.

  2. Real estate boom and export performance bust in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Tkalec

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is to estimate the effect of resource reallocation from the manufacturing to the real estate economic sector on exporting activity in Croatia, a small open post-transition country that experienced a real estate boom during the previous decade. This paper follows the work by Égert and Kierzenkowski (2014 as we test the hypothesis that the real estate boom had an adverse impact on country’s export performance. For that purpose we use quarterly data ranging from 1Q1998 to 3Q2013, and estimate export equations using maximum likelihood and dynamic ordinary least squares estimators of cointegration. Our results indicate that the distortion of relative prices in favor of non-tradable sectors (construction and real estate, which is a direct by-product of the real estate boom, has had stifling effects on export performance. Our results also suggest that ailing cost competitiveness and governments’ inability to implement policies promoting private sector economic development adversely influenced export performance during the period analyzed. The basic conclusion of our research is that the expansion of a non-tradable sector in a country with limited supply of production factors can have a detrimental effect on the ability of the tradable sector to increase its output and compete in international markets.

  3. Guidelines for target costing adoption in the development of products for the residential real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reymard Savio Sampaio de Melo

    Full Text Available Abstract This study focuses on the problems associated with the traditional practice of reducing costs in construction and the need to increase business competitiveness in the residential real estate sector. In this context, target costing is a promising approach to improve the competitiveness of companies by ensuring that the products launched on the market do not jeopardize the company's results and value delivery to customers. However, far too little attention is paid to target costing implementation by companies that develop residential real state products for sale and face strong market competition. Thus, this paper seeks to investigate whether the standard framework of target costing in the literature applies - with or without adjustments - to real estate developers. Case study was the research strategy adopted. Guidelines are proposed for the introduction of target costing in the development process of residential real estate products. The proposed guidelines are related to the three main sections of the target costing process: market-driven costing, product-level target costing and component-level target costing.

  4. Recombination in the evolution of enterovirus C species sub-group that contains types CVA-21, CVA-24, EV-C95, EV-C96 and EV-C99.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teemu Smura

    Full Text Available Genetic recombination is considered to be a very frequent phenomenon among enteroviruses (Family Picornaviridae, Genus Enterovirus. However, the recombination patterns may differ between enterovirus species and between types within species. Enterovirus C (EV-C species contains 21 types. In the capsid coding P1 region, the types of EV-C species cluster further into three sub-groups (designated here as A-C. In this study, the recombination pattern of EV-C species sub-group B that contains types CVA-21, CVA-24, EV-C95, EV-C96 and EV-C99 was determined using partial 5'UTR and VP1 sequences of enterovirus strains isolated during poliovirus surveillance and previously published complete genome sequences. Several inter-typic recombination events were detected. Furthermore, the analyses suggested that inter-typic recombination events have occurred mainly within the distinct sub-groups of EV-C species. Only sporadic recombination events between EV-C species sub-group B and other EV-C sub-groups were detected. In addition, strict recombination barriers were inferred for CVA-21 genotype C and CVA-24 variant strains. These results suggest that the frequency of inter-typic recombinations, even within species, may depend on the phylogenetic position of the given viruses.

  5. GENDER ROLE DISTRIBUTION IN RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE FAMILY DECISION MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina R. KANCHEVA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Purchase and consumption behavioral patterns of various family formations in different social and cultural contexts have been subject to intensive investigation over the recent years. Residential real estate as a product category represents one of the most complex household purchases incorporating a wide diversity of attributes to be considered in order to match family members’ needs within available resources. The purpose of this paper is to add some insights into spousal perceptions of gender role specialization throughout a residential real estate purchase family decision-making process. The distribution of influence between husbands and wives across three decision-making stages, three sub-decisions and twelve housing attribute choices and the relative importance of twelve residential real estate characteristics are examined using a convenience sample of both spouses in 127 Bulgarian heterosexual married and cohabiting couples.

  6. Ghost Stories, Ghost Estates: Melancholia in Irish Recession Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molly Slavin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers representations of melancholia in post-Celtic Tiger Irish literature. By situating their post-recession fictions in “ghost estates,” or largely uninhabited housing developments, Donal Ryan and Tana French present neoliberally-inflected varieties of melancholia for their contemporary readers to contemplate. The settings of the ghost estates – and the accompanying supernatural elements to the texts – call to mind ghosts of Ireland’s past and legacies of recent economically unsound policies, spurring the reader to think about the imagined loss of futurity that accompanied the Irish economic crash. “Ghost stories for ghost estates,” then, represent an important contribution to the growing field of post-recession Irish literature.

  7. Retail and Real Estate: The Changing Landscape of Care Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    By its nature, retail medicine is founded in real estate. That retail medicine has expanded so dramatically in a relatively short period of time has taken people by surprise. This rapid growth of integrating healthcare services into retail real estate begs the question of whether real estate will eventually take on the importance in healthcare delivery that it has in retail. This article advances the view that it will. In the end, what retail and healthcare have in common is that they both reflect the attributes of demanding consumers as part of an experience-based economy, where products and services are sought based on how they fit with their lifestyles and how they make them feel (Pine and Gilmore 1998). Changing the selection process for healthcare services to be more like retail is already expanding how and where healthcare services are delivered.

  8. Innovative Green Technology for Sustainable Industrial Estate Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Hadiwijoyo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable industrial development requires a balance between economic growth,equity and environment. Two major components of industrial development are energy and rawmaterials. To minimize the environmental impacts of energy and raw materials, important stepsare required to deal with the green economy and global warming issues. The use of innovationtechnology to industrial gas emission is a preventive solution facing global warming. A research hasbeen done in Industrial Estate in Cilegon (IEC Banten province, Indonesia, to see how to reduceenergy demand and encourage uses of more environmentally-friendly energy in the estate. Fossilenergy needs in the industrial estate were analyzed to see the opportunities of energy saving andrenewable energy development. The target to be achieved is to reduce the greenhouse gasemissions and improve the energy efficiency in the industrial park.

  9. Mineral Resource Information System for Field Lab in the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, H.B.; Johnson, William I.

    1999-04-27

    The Osage Mineral Reservation Estate is located in Osage County, Oklahoma. Minerals on the Estate are owned by members of the Osage Tribe who are shareholders in the Estate. The Estate is administered by the Osage Agency, Branch of Minerals, operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Oil, natural gas, casinghead gas, and other minerals (sand, gravel, limestone, and dolomite) are exploited by lessors. Operators may obtain from the Branch of Minerals and the Osage Mineral Estate Tribal Council leases to explore and exploit oil, gas, oil and gas, and other minerals on the Estate. Operators pay a royalty on all minerals exploited and sold from the Estate. A mineral Resource Information system was developed for this project to evaluate the remaining hydrocarbon resources located on the Estate. Databases on Microsoft Excel spreadsheets of operators, leases, and production were designed for use in conjunction with an evaluation spreadsheet for estimating the remaining hydrocarbons on the Estate.

  10. The Role Of Social Media In Real Estate Marketing: A Research On The Transformation Of Real Estate Marketing In Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem Aytekin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available While the new media changes our daily life practices, it also causes some transformations in thefield of marketing. Today it can be said that the real estate sector is also inevitably affected by thistransformation and that it has developed new business models that include social media. Alexa is awebsite managed by amazon.com, which displays web traffic on a world and country basis. In this way,businesses can continuously monitor the visitor performance of their websites. In this study, the rankingsof the Alexa web site were used to construct the sample of the research and in this way the visitortraffic was determined by the highest five real estate website in Turkey tracing techniques. On theother hand, the practices of real estate web sites to use social networks have been compared to the Alexavalue ranks by examining them on specific networks and within defined metrics. Thus, it can beshown whether the real estate web site with the highest value metric has the same order in the Alexavaluation, and the role of social media in real estate marketing is evaluated within the dimensions oftransformation. Research is essential since it makes an instantaneous evaluation of the circumstancesand snaps a moment in the timeline.

  11. The estate owner’s approach to forest economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    David B. South; David N. Laband

    2013-01-01

    Faustmann’s formula is often used by forest economists but some landowners ignore the time value of money and rely primarily on some type of cashflow analysis. A cashflow method was used by “estate owners” like kings, land barons, and governments. We coin the term “estate owner’s method” to describe one version of cashflow analysis. This approach can be used for either...

  12. The Noble Tattenbach Family and their Estates in Styria

    OpenAIRE

    Zadravec, Dejan

    2008-01-01

    In this article the author discusses the rise and the decline of the noble family of Tattenbach and about their estates in Styria. Some members of this Bavarian family are in the dukedom of Styria first mentioned already at the end of the 15th century. Besides an unknown Tattenbach, who fought against the Turks near the border river Sotla, the first real trace in this province was left by his relative Viljem. The latter did not actually get any bigger estate in lasting or hereditary ownership...

  13. The Monetary Policy and the Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile DEDU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we intend to study the connection between monetary policy measures and the boom and bust cycles of the real estate markets in different countries. Many recent articles consider that central banks had an important contribution in triggering the global crisis and the collapse of the real estate markets during 2007-2009 due to the low monetary policy rates and the inadequate regulation and supervision of the banking system. We consider the generalization of this idea is an error, as certain central banks like the National Bank of Romania (NBR adopted prudent policies in the pre-crisis period.

  14. Study on Amortization Time and Rationality in Real Estate Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yancang; Zhou, Shujing; Suo, Juanjuan

    Amortization time and rationality has been discussed a lot in real estate investment research. As the price of real estate is driven by Geometric Brown Motion (GBM), whether the mortgagors should amortize in advance has become a key issue in amortization time research. This paper presents a new method to solve the problem by using the optimal stopping time theory and option pricing theory models. We discuss the option value in amortizing decision based on this model. A simulation method is used to test this method.

  15. THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN ROMANIA IN THE MARKET APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mihaela Onica

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A real estate market is a group of companies or people that are in contact, aimed at conducting real estate transactions. The market participants may be represented by buyers, sellers, tenants, owners, debtors and creditors, entrepreneurs, managers, investors and intermediaries. The concepts of anticipation and change, with the principles of supply and demand, substitution, balance and external conditions are extremely important in the market approach. An appraiser takes into account all these principles and simulateneously tries to consider all relevant conditions for the problem appraisal, so that they could reflect reality and the local market conditions.

  16. Doenças cerebrovasculares como causa múltipla de morte em Salvador: magnitude e diferenças espaciais da mortalidade omitida nas estatísticas oficiais Spacial differences in the mortality by cerebrovascular disease as underlying and as associated cause of death, Salvador - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ines Lessa

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Através de estudo descritivo de agregado (ecológico espacial foram determinadas as desigualdades sociais da mortalidade por doenças cerebrovasculares (DCV em Salvador, quantificada a parcela da mortalidade omitida nas estatísticas oficiais e identificadas zonas prioritárias para intensificação de ações preventivas. Foram incluídos no estudo todos os óbitos de adultos, de 1988, com menção de DCV como causa básica e como causa associada de morte, distribuídas conforme procedência por 66 zonas da cidade. Com a inclusão das DCV associadas detectou-se aumento de 29,10% na mortalidade. Os coeficientes variaram entre 22,94 a 376,62/100000 adultos e a variação média do excesso de mortalidade ficou entre 16,12 e 33,72%. Das 16 zonas com mortalidade elevada e prioritárias para intensificação de intervenções preventivas, 7 foram consideradas com mortalidade excepcionalmente elevada por terem ultrapassado o coeficiente de Salvador em 1,64 vezes o seu desvio» padrão corrigido. Os autores sugerem possíveis explicações para as desigualdades espaciais da mortalidade pelas DCV.Social inequalities and the excess (% in mortality by cerebrosvascular diseases (CVD unregistered in the official death statistics were studied in Salvador, Brazil, 1988. In an ecological spacial (aggregate desing, all death mentioning CVD as basic and as associated cause of death were reviewed and distributed, according to their addresses by 66 geographical zones. The mortality nates by CVD (basie+associated ranged from 22.94 to 376.62/ 100000 adults. The mortality fraction not included in the official statistics was 29.1% for Salvador with means between 16.12 and 33.72% in the group of zones of very low to those in the high mortality levels. Seven out of 16 zones included in the 4th quantil showed exceptionally high mortality rates (above those of Salvador + 1.64 X standard deviation corrected by the zones population. The authors discuss possible

  17. Large social housing estates : From stigma to demolition?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassenberg, F.

    2004-01-01

    It is curious that the most frequently reviewed and well thought-out large housing estates are now the areas with the worst image. Image is an important factor of a neighbourhood’s popularity, affecting its position in the local or regional neighbourhood hierarchy. Many studies and reports about

  18. Exploring Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) as a housing finance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    While traditional housing finance system in Nigeria could not stem the estimated shortage of 17 million, some identified modern sources had also made little impact on housing finance. Sustainable real estate financing requires a system which can be repackaged and traded for further creation of credit over time as fitting into ...

  19. Real estate developments and the housing supply issue in Ethiopia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    producer to a commodified form of production. Kesearch indicates that the manner of production is an indicator of the level of urbanisation of a country/or a city. Real estate development is a specialised form of builtspace production for sale or ...

  20. Ecological modernisation of industrial estates in Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Phung Thuy Phuong,

    2002-01-01

    This research provides insights into environmental policy-making and management in Viet Nam, with special reference to industrial estates. It analyses the reasons behind the weaknesses of environmental policy-making and management in dealing

  1. Explicit design for real estate education : The management game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jong, P.; Van Dooren, E.J.G.C.; Den Heijer, A.C.

    2015-01-01

    In positioning the design school versus the business school, the management game as an educational module in the last semester of the architectural bachelor in Delft is illustrative for the possible synthesis between real estate and architecture. The explicit approach of design, as applied in Delft

  2. An Analysis of the Real Estate Property Managing Occupation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, James E.

    The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the real estate property manager occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eleven duties are broken down…

  3. Fiscal state aid and real estate collective investment vehicles (CIVs)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, H.

    2011-01-01

    State aid is an issue that does not immediately come to mind on the topic of real estate collective investment vehicles (CIVs). Nevertheless the question of state aid plays an important role. Last year, the European Commission charged with the monitoring of state aid has taken an important decision

  4. Corporate real estate alignment strategies in Dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beckers, R.; van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore the management approaches concerned with the process of aligning Corporate Real Estate (CRE) with organizational goals on a strategic level and regarding day-to-day operating activities in higher education institutes. Methodology/approach – The paper first

  5. Corporate real estate management stratgies in Dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theo van der Voordt; Ronald Beckers

    2014-01-01

    Purpose This paper aims to explore the management approaches concerned with the process of aligning Corporate Real Estate (CRE) with organizational goals on a strategic level and regarding day-to-day operating activities in higher education institutes. Methodology/approach – The paper first outlines

  6. Corporate real estate strategies for future higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ronald Beckers; Driessen Jasper

    2017-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore the alignment of Corporate Real Estate (CRE) strategies of Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences (UAS) with the developments in higher education. Methodology/approach – The paper first illustrates the key developments in higher education learning and

  7. 26 CFR 1.58-3 - Estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... current taxation either in the hands of the trust or estate or the beneficiary by reason of an item of tax... in accordance with the principles of sections 665 through 669 and the regulations thereunder. (3) In... income not subject to current taxation by reason of an item of tax preference is to be made as if such...

  8. Customer satisfaction amongst users of estate surveying and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Customer satisfaction and service quality are crucial factors in real estate professional service delivery. Firm size, amongst other factors, influences firms' service quality and hence its customers' satisfaction levels. This study investigated the influence of firm size on customer satisfaction levels of users of professional ...

  9. Risk-neutral valuation of real estate derivatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bragt, D.; Francke, M.K.; Singor, S.N.; Pelsser, A.

    2015-01-01

    Despite the importance of residential real estate as both an asset class for investors and as a source of "housing services" for individual home owners, as well as the relatively high volatility in house prices, markets for derivative instruments to hedge these risks have been slow to develop. The

  10. Obstacles to developing sustainable cities: the real estate rigidity trap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Kelly Turner

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Sprawl patterns of urbanization have large environmental consequences, and sustainable alternatives to conventional urban patterns of development have been promoted by a subset of planners, design professionals, and municipalities. These alternatives have not been widely adopted among real estate developers, actors with large influence over urban form and function. Existing explanations for this failure enumerate market and regulatory barriers but do not sufficiently describe the institutional structures that allow conventional approaches to prevail. A failure of real estate developers to adopt alternative forms of development can best be described in terms of a rigidity trap. Specifically, norms of practice within the real estate development industry combine with market and regulatory factors to favor existing practices and limit innovation. Moreover, these institutional factors also buffer the real estate development industry from feedback mechanisms and external signals that might otherwise trigger adaptation. Addressing the environmental consequences of urbanization not only requires novel approaches to urban design, but will also necessitate addressing systemic pathologies in the design implementation process.

  11. Household Solid Waste Disposal in Public Housing Estates in Awka ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study identified solid waste disposal methods from the households in AHOCOL, Udoka, Iyiagu and Real Housing Estates with an intention to make ... introduction of removable solid waste dumping system and the revitalization of Anambra State Environmental Sanitation and Protection Agency (ANSEPA) in the state.

  12. An APPRAISAL analysis of the language of real estate advertisements

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Eighty advertisements (differing in prices from above and below R1.2 million) are analysed and discussed in terms of Attitude, Graduation and Engagement, capturing the ways in which each estate agency manipulates linguistic choice patterns according to the monetary value they perceive their potential customers to ...

  13. An Analysis of Discrimination by Real Estate Brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yinger, John

    This paper focuses on designing policies to eliminate discrimination in the sale of single-family houses by analyzing the behavior of the agents who actually do most of the discriminating, namely real estate agents. Discriminatory practices are said to be supported by policies of house builders, lending institutions, and government, and by the…

  14. Information support of real estate market statistical research

    OpenAIRE

    Shibirina, S.

    2010-01-01

    The article considers the significance and suggests the directions for using information in statistical researches of real estate market. A special attention is paid on interconnections of information support and participants of realty market's, and stages of market analysis which characterizing realty market.

  15. Liquidity and price discovery in real estate assets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Wit, E.R.

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation covers three empirical essays on the housing market. Although we limit ourselves to the housing market, the findings might be relevant for other sectors of the real estate market or any other market that is characterized by illiquidity, indivisibility of goods and a high level of

  16. Strategies for healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James G

    2012-05-01

    Adventist HealthCare offers the following lessons learned in improving the value of healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management: Use an integrated approach. Ensure that the objectives of the approach align the hospital or health system's mission and values. Embrace innovation. Develop a plan that applies to the whole organization, rather than specific business units. Ensure commitment of senior leaders.

  17. What factors determine international real estate security returns?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamelink, F.; Hoesli, M.

    2004-01-01

    We use constrained cross-sectional regressions to disentangle the effects of various factors on international real estate security returns. Besides a common factor, pure country, property type, size and value/growth factors are considered. The value/growth measure that is used in this paper provides

  18. America's Educational Failures: How Will They Affect Real Estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Anthony

    Owners of all types of real properties, especially owners and occupants of big city downtown properties, have a high investment in the educational quality of the local labor force, and should encourage improvement even if it results in increased property taxes. Every real estate investment is "locked in" to the specific geographic…

  19. Revisiting Supply and Demand Indexes in Real Estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, D.; van de Minne, A.; Geltner, D.

    In this paper we disentangle reservation prices of buyers and sellers for commercial real estate at the city level. To do so, we further develop and extend the Fisher et al. (2003, 2007) methodology to a repeat sales indexing framework. This has the advantage that it takes care of all unobserved

  20. 25 CFR 700.339 - Residency on life estate leases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Commission. (c) In the event it becomes necessary to change the identity of the person(s) or number of... request for change to the Commission. The Commission, upon review of the request, may grant an amended life estate lease to reflect the requested change. ...

  1. Geospatial Web Services in Real Estate Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radulovic, Aleksandra; Sladic, Dubravka; Govedarica, Miro; Popovic, Dragana; Radovic, Jovana

    2017-12-01

    Since the data of cadastral records are of great importance for the economic development of the country, they must be well structured and organized. Records of real estate on the territory of Serbia met many problems in previous years. To prevent problems and to achieve efficient access, sharing and exchange of cadastral data on the principles of interoperability, domain model for real estate is created according to current standards in the field of spatial data. The resulting profile of the domain model for the Serbian real estate cadastre is based on the current legislation and on Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) which is specified in the ISO19152 standard. Above such organized data, and for their effective exchange, it is necessary to develop a model of services that must be provided by the institutions interested in the exchange of cadastral data. This is achieved by introducing a service-oriented architecture in the information system of real estate cadastre and with that ensures efficiency of the system. It is necessary to develop user services for download, review and use of the real estate data through the web. These services should be provided to all users who need access to cadastral data (natural and legal persons as well as state institutions) through e-government. It is also necessary to provide search, view and download of cadastral spatial data by specifying geospatial services. Considering that real estate contains geometric data for parcels and buildings it is necessary to establish set of geospatial services that would provide information and maps for the analysis of spatial data, and for forming a raster data. Besides the theme Cadastral parcels, INSPIRE directive specifies several themes that involve data on buildings and land use, for which data can be provided from real estate cadastre. In this paper, model of geospatial services in Serbia is defined. A case study of using these services to estimate which household is at risk of

  2. Problems Related to the Abolition of Divided Real Estate Ownership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinsberga Jolanta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Legal relationship between apartment owners in residential buildings and the land owners, that is, divided real estate ownership, was created in the Republic of Latvia in 1990, within the framework of the Land Reform, restoring property rights of the former owners or their heirs or privatising apartments in multi-apartment residential buildings. The existence of such legal relationship created different lease problems and restrictions on the property rights to the owners of both the building and the land. To abolish the legal relationship related to divided real estate ownership, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Latvia has developed a draft law Regarding the Abolition of Mandatory Divided Real Estate Ownership in Multi-Apartment Buildings (hereinafter referred to as Draft Law. Unfortunately, in the opinion of authors of this article, there are serious shortcomings to the Draft Law which must be corrected. The aim of the research is to identify the problematic issues by selecting and analysing the legislation on the abolition of the divided real estate ownership, which is related to the calculation of redemption price, payment method and consequences of non-payment, which are not regulated by the new Draft Law. The article reflects research on the determination and calculation of redemption price reglamented by the Draft Law and also analyses the Law of December 8, 1938, On the Abolition of Divided Real Estate Ownership and its practical implementation, which may significantly influence the redemption price and the method of its calculation; however, the mentioned law has been disregarded in developing the Draft Law. Thus the research has both theoretical and practical significance. For the research purposes general research methods, such as historical, analytical, inductive, deductive, logical-constructive and descriptive methods, are used. For the interpretation of legislation norms, grammatical, systemic, teleological and historical

  3. 38 CFR 36.4354 - Estate of veteran in real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Encroachments; (2) Easements; (3) Servitudes; (4) Reservations for water, timber, or subsurface rights; or (5... fee simple estate therein, legal or equitable; or (2) A leasehold estate running or renewable at the...

  4. GIS-Assisted Spatial Data Management for Corps of Engineers Real Estate Activities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dove, Linda

    2001-01-01

    .... The report includes an overview of the cadastre Real Estate GIS database design that is compliant with the CADD/GIS Technology Center Spatial Data Standards and the cadastre Real Estate GIS software...

  5. The Curriculum Improvement Project in Business Careers Programs: Business Manager, Officer Administrator, Real Estate Agent, Real Estate Broker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College of the Mainland, Texas City, TX.

    In 1987, the College of the Mainland undertook a project to update curricula in real estate, business management, and office technology. The project entailed a survey of the labor market to clarify personnel needs in selected fields; the use of the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process, which involved expert workers in the creation of task…

  6. Land grab. More investors offer hospitals cash for their real estate as providers hunt for capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Melanie

    2011-03-07

    More real estate investors are offering hospitals cash for real estate as providers tap into their assets for capital. But if REITs are banking on providers cashing in their real estate chips, that's not happening yet, says Mike O'Keefe, left, of Navigant Consulting. The capital flooding into healthcare real estate has met with a limited supply of sellers. "That's what's driving some of this consolidation," O'Keefe said.

  7. Online Marketing Issues of Real Estate Companies: a Case of Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Dumpe, M

    2015-01-01

    Today online marketing has become an integral part of marketing mix. Potential real estate customers prefer to make online research themselves. Therefore, real estate companies should be ready that search engines, corporate web pages, profiles on social media sites should strengthen the image of real estate companies and ensure better communication with customers. The aim of this paper is to explore results of qualitative research regarding real estate online marketing activities. It has been...

  8. THE EVOLUTION OF THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the evolution of the real estate market of the Republic of Armenia. It presents the emergence and development of real estate market after the collapse of the USSR. The main influence on the impact of the global financial crisis on the real estate market in Republic of Armenia. Discusses some of the important issues for long-term development of the real estate market.

  9. Building Sustainability : Studies on incentives in construction and management of real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Högberg, Lovisa

    2014-01-01

    This thesis summarizes the results from several studies with connection to sustainability in construction and management of real estate. Here, the concept sustainability includes environmental, social and economic dimensions and focus is on the actors with the best possibilities to impact real estate, namely the real estate owners and the developers. The thesis consists of six papers. Real estate owners’ perception of and incentives and strategies for sustainability was studied in four ways: ...

  10. Factors Affecting the Provision of Quality Service in Real Estate Agency in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Funmilayo Moyinola Araloyin; OJO Olatoye

    2011-01-01

    Real estate firms attempting to increase and retain their customers need to know the factors contributing to customers¡¯ satisfaction and retention. This study investigate into real estate agency market with the purposes of identifying factors that affect quality in service provision and possible factors contributing to customers¡¯ satisfaction and retention in real estate agency. This study uses survey questionnaires to obtain information from real estate consumers. This sample size consiste...

  11. THE EVOLUTION OF THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    OpenAIRE

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the evolution of the real estate market of the Republic of Armenia. It presents the emergence and development of real estate market after the collapse of the USSR. The main influence on the impact of the global financial crisis on the real estate market in Republic of Armenia. Discusses some of the important issues for long-term development of the real estate market.

  12. The Analysis of Customer Purchase Intention of Houses Using Real Estate Agent in Manado Based on Psychological Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Ticoalu, Vinny O.

    2015-01-01

    Real estate agent business field is become a trend nowadays. Real estate agent helped customers to buy or sell a house. Psychological factors has an influence in real estate agent busniess, customers mostly asked the opinion from others about the real estate agent in case they do not want to choose a wrong real estate agent. This research aims to analyze the influence of psychological factors on customers purchase intention in using real estate agent in Manado. This research used a multiple l...

  13. The evolution of Vp1 gene in enterovirus C species sub-group that contains types CVA-21, CVA-24, EV-C95, EV-C96 and EV-C99.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teemu Smura

    Full Text Available Genus Enterovirus (Family Picornaviridae, consists of twelve species divided into genetically diverse types by their capsid protein VP1 coding sequences. Each enterovirus type can further be divided into intra-typic sub-clusters (genotypes. The aim of this study was to elucidate what leads to the emergence of novel enterovirus clades (types and genotypes. An evolutionary analysis was conducted for a sub-group of Enterovirus C species that contains types Coxsackievirus A21 (CVA-21, CVA-24, Enterovirus C95 (EV-C95, EV-C96 and EV-C99. VP1 gene datasets were collected and analysed to infer the phylogeny, rate of evolution, nucleotide and amino acid substitution patterns and signs of selection. In VP1 coding gene, high intra-typic sequence diversities and robust grouping into distinct genotypes within each type were detected. Within each type the majority of nucleotide substitutions were synonymous and the non-synonymous substitutions tended to cluster in distinct highly polymorphic sites. Signs of positive selection were detected in some of these highly polymorphic sites, while strong negative selection was indicated in most of the codons. Despite robust clustering to intra-typic genotypes, only few genotype-specific 'signature' amino acids were detected. In contrast, when different enterovirus types were compared, there was a clear tendency towards fixation of type-specific 'signature' amino acids. The results suggest that permanent fixation of type-specific amino acids is a hallmark associated with evolution of different enterovirus types, whereas neutral evolution and/or (frequency-dependent positive selection in few highly polymorphic amino acid sites are the dominant forms of evolution when strains within an enterovirus type are compared.

  14. 76 FR 30396 - Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To... Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas (subject firm). The Department's... Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas who were adversely affected by a shift in services to...

  15. 25 CFR 117.27 - Custody of funds pending administration of estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Custody of funds pending administration of estates. 117.27 Section 117.27 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES... CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY § 117.27 Custody of funds pending administration of estates. (a) Estates of Indians...

  16. 26 CFR 1.641(b)-3 - Termination of estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... executor of all the duties of administration. Further, an estate will be considered as terminated when all... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Termination of estates and trusts. 1.641(b)-3...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries § 1.641(b)-3 Termination of...

  17. 78 FR 79729 - Integrated Mortgage Disclosures Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ... and the borrower, a single transaction may involve a seller, mortgage broker, real estate agent... Parts 1024 and 1026 Integrated Mortgage Disclosures Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act... Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) and the Truth In Lending Act (Regulation...

  18. 77 FR 51115 - Integrated Mortgage Disclosures Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ..., mortgage broker, real estate agent, settlement agent, appraiser, multiple insurance providers, and local... Parts 1024 and 1026 Integrated Mortgage Disclosures Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act... Mortgage Disclosures Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) and the Truth In...

  19. 77 FR 58747 - Small Business Size Standards: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... comments on its proposal to increase the size standard for NAICS 531210, Offices of Real Estate Agents and.... 531210 Offices of Real Estate Agents and 2.0 7.0 Brokers. 531311 Residential Property Managers........ 2... 53, Real Estate and Rental and Leasing, and retaining the current standards for the remaining four...

  20. 20 CFR 404.1069 - Real estate agents and direct sellers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate agents and direct sellers. 404... § 404.1069 Real estate agents and direct sellers. (a) Trade or business. If you perform services after 1982 as a qualified real estate agent or as a direct seller, as defined in section 3508 of the Code...

  1. 26 CFR 1.856-1 - Definition of real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of real estate investment trust. 1.856-1 Section 1.856-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.856-1 Definition of real estate...

  2. 26 CFR 1.857-1 - Taxation of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of real estate investment trusts. 1.857-1 Section 1.857-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-1 Taxation of real estate...

  3. 32 CFR 644.27 - Authority to issue Real Estate Directives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. 644.27... § 644.27 Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. Where there is legislative authorization, an... to issue all Department of the Army Real Estate Directives is vested in the Chief of Engineers. The...

  4. 7 CFR 767.102 - Leasing non-real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing non-real estate inventory property. 767.102 Section 767.102 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY... Property § 767.102 Leasing non-real estate inventory property. The Agency does not lease non-real estate...

  5. 26 CFR 1.172-10 - Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Net operating losses of real estate investment... (continued) § 1.172-10 Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts. (a) Taxable years to which a loss may be carried. (1) A net operating loss sustained by a qualified real estate investment trust (as...

  6. 26 CFR 1.822-9 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-9 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-9 Real estate owned and occupied. Section 822(d)(1) provides that the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation on or with respect to any real estate owned...

  7. 26 CFR 1.803-5 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.803-5 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-5 Real estate owned and occupied. The amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real estate owned...

  8. 7 CFR 767.202 - Real estate inventory property located in special hazard areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property located in special...) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.202 Real estate...

  9. 41 CFR 102-73.10 - What is the basic real estate acquisition policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.10 What is the basic real estate acquisition policy? When... real estate and related services in an efficient and cost effective manner. ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the basic real...

  10. 78 FR 24227 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) Disclosures AGENCY.... Description of the need for the information and proposed use: The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of... Act), rulemaking authority for and certain enforcement authorities with respect to the Real Estate...

  11. 26 CFR 1.822-6 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-6 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-6 Real estate owned and occupied. Section 822(d)(1) provides that the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation on or with respect to any real estate owned...

  12. 24 CFR 100.110 - Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... residential real estate-related transactions. 100.110 Section 100.110 Housing and Urban Development... Discrimination in Residential Real Estate-Related Transactions § 100.110 Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of the...

  13. 1982-83 Texas College and University Real Estate Course Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    In 1983, the Texas Real Estate Research Center conducted its eighth annual survey of the real estate offerings of the state's two- and four-year colleges. Survey findings, based on a 90% response rate, included the following: (1) 90 institutions (46 community colleges and 44 four-year colleges) offered real estate courses during the 1982-83…

  14. 7 CFR 1951.16 - Other servicing actions on real estate type loan accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Other servicing actions on real estate type loan... Account Servicing Policies § 1951.16 Other servicing actions on real estate type loan accounts. (a... smaller, respectively, than the sum of such installments on the note and other charges. (c) Real estate...

  15. 7 CFR 1955.124 - Sale with inventory real estate (chattel).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). 1955.124... Property Chattel Property § 1955.124 Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). Inventory chattel property may be sold with inventory real estate if a higher aggregate price can be obtained. Proceeds from a...

  16. 7 CFR 1955.15 - Foreclosure by the Government of loans secured by real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Liquidation of Loans Secured by Real Estate and Acquisition of Real and Chattel Property § 1955.15 Foreclosure by the Government of loans secured by real estate. Foreclosure will be initiated when all reasonable... liens other than current-year real estate taxes. Where such prior liens are involved, an appraisal...

  17. legal funeral and estate planning for people living with hiv/aids

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    religious systems and (ii) marriage and life partnerships. The Matrimonial Property Act of 1984, most importantly the accrual system in terms of which after divorce or death. 'of one or both of the spouses, the spouse whose estate shows no accrual or a smaller accrual than the estate of the other spouse, or his estate if he is ...

  18. The Relationship between Stock Returns and Past Performance of Hotel Real Estate Industry in the US: Is Hotel Real Estate prone to overinvestment

    OpenAIRE

    Minye Zhang; Yongheng Deng

    2008-01-01

    Hotel real estate industry is an important economy in the U.S. This study examines the return patterns of hotel real estate stocks in the U.S. from 1990 to 2007. This study utilizes an integrated framework which includes the most critical explanatory variables to investigate the determinants of the contrarian or momentum profits of the hotel real estate industry. The study finds that the magnitude and persistence of future returns of hotel real estate stocks can be predicted based on past ret...

  19. Public open space for disaster mitigation in Tangerang housing estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winandari, M. I. R.

    2018-01-01

    Public open space in housing estates plays an important role particularly in disaster mitigation. In some housing, there are indications of shape and use of space changes post-handover to local government. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between public open space condition and management related to disaster mitigation in Tangerang housing estates. Multiple case study method is used to analyse of 2 housing cases. Aspects of access and boundaries were used to evaluate the cases. The results showed that gated community housing type should have more than 1 access to facilitate evacuation by considering the farthest unit to the housing gate. This is necessary to provide open spaces that are easily accessible from all units as the first evacuation site during and post disaster.

  20. Factors Influencing Real Estate Brokerage Sales Staff Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Michael A. Abelson; K. Michele Kacmar; Ellen F. Jackofsky

    1990-01-01

    This research examined factors that affect residential real estate sales staff performance from sixteen firms of various sizes in different residential markets. The human capital model was related to sales staff commission earnings. A psychological factors model and management systems model were introduced that explained variance beyond that accounted for by the human capital model. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that five of the twenty-seven variables examined accounted for most o...

  1. Fringe Benefits Compensation of Real Estate Agents and Brokers

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel T. Winkler; W. Keener Hughen

    2012-01-01

    Fringe benefits compensation offered by employers has grown rapidly over the past 50 years. Research in this area has been primarily limited to hourly and salaried employees. This study examines employer-based fringe benefits compensation of real estate agents and brokers. A model is developed that jointly estimates the income, hours worked, and fringe benefits compensation. The findings indicate that fringe benefits increase according to hours worked and the sales professional¡¦s contributio...

  2. Business as Usual: Nobility and Landed Estates in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Kathryn Gary; Mats Olsson

    2017-01-01

    The majority of European countries which have had an important tradition of manorialism have undergone profound land reforms, redistributing land from large landowners and giving small-scale farmers and the landless legal rights to land ownership, with the exceptions of Sweden and England. This article will outline the particular Swedish case, where large estates have been able to persist largely intact from the Middle Ages through to the current day, and explore possible reasons for Sweden’s...

  3. Gaseous air pollutants emissions from ota industrial estate in Ogun ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Carbon monoxide level was not above the air quality limit of 11400 μg/m3 , while that of SO2 was above the limit set by FEPA. Thus, the atmospheric air at the industrial estate is potent to have deleterious effect on human health on account of SO2 concentration. A strong positive correlations (p= 0.05) were observed among ...

  4. Building Energy Asset Score for Real Estate Managers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Building Technologies Office

    2015-01-01

    The Building Energy Asset Score is a national standardized tool for evaluating the physical and structural energy efficiency of commercial and multifamily residential buildings. The Asset Score generates a simple energy efficiency rating that enables comparison among buildings, and identifies opportunities for users to invest in energy efficiency upgrades. It is web-based and free to use. This fact sheet discusses the value of the score for real estate managers.

  5. Using real-estate-based financing to access capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, W C; Kryzaniak, L A

    1998-07-01

    One strategy employed by healthcare organizations to increase their market presence is the construction of new facilities. Accessing capital to fund such construction, however, has become more of a challenge. One relatively untapped source of building capital is real-estate-based financing. Nonrecourse mortgages, turnkey net leases, and synthetic leases can provide several advantages to healthcare organizations seeking capital, assuming issues related to building ownership, debt and balance sheet effects, and tax-exempt status have been thoroughly explored first.

  6. RECENT TRENDS IN CONSTRUCTION AND RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheremisina T. P.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The composition of the residential real estate and the structure of Russian housing market do not match: primary and secondary markets are supplemented by a considerable in size non-market sector of residential real estate - the stock of dilapidated housing and buildings in a state of emergency that is filling up the secondary market with rapidly growing volume of worn out properties. While the developmental model of entrepreneurship is gradually settling in the primary housing market, and in general the “soviet” model of management (management companies are not that different from the soviet property management agencies is remaining in the secondary market, the non-market sector requires a formulation of an adequate management model that would allow the private and public management of residential real estate at the same time. Mega-project of renovation of the 5-storey buildings in Moscow will support the formation of such a model and the legal grounds for its existence.

  7. Marketing Strategies in the Real-Estate Industry in Prishtina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Nail Reshidi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Real Estate is the industry that has always influenced the economic development of a country due to very costly investment and employment to thousands of people. This industry has been vastly developing in recent years in Prishtina, resulting in huge demand for real estate, which led to the establishment of many construction companies ready to meet this demand. The paper draws on data collection and information with the purpose of exploring and analyzing marketing strategies of construction companies in Prishtina’s market. This paper examines the role of internal and external factors that influence the development of the Real Estate industry and analyses the trends for the future. The objects as picked for the study are construction companies currently operating in this market, which was done so as to analyse their ways of doing business and their strategies and plans for achieving their objectives. Also, this research includes the level of demand versus supply for these companies and the success of meeting these requirements.

  8. Integral energy concepts for housing estates; Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisch, M.N.; Kuehl, L. [Technische Univ. Braunschweig (Germany)

    1998-06-01

    Integral energy concepts for housing estates require an early cooperation between architects, planners, and specialist engineers on the basis of a holistic planning approach. This is how future-oriented, sustainable concepts evolve which do justice to the multifarious requirements on the integral energy system of a housing estate. The present paper elucidates different approaches to optimising the energy efficiency of buildings such as the implementation of low-energy house concepts, building site and architectural planning, and detailed planning of heat insulation concepts, ventilation and air tightness concepts, and adapted heating systems. The solarisation of development plans has an influence on the arrangement of buildings, which are now planned to give the greatest possible passive and active solar energy gains. The authors also describe solar-assisted district heating systems for housing estates. [Deutsch] Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen erfordern die fruehe Zusammenarbeit von Architekten, Planern und Fachingenieuren im Rahmen einer ganzheitlichen Planung. So entstehen zukunftsweisende und tragfaehige Konzepte, die den vielschichtigen Anforderungen des Gesamtenergiesystems ``Wohnsiedlung`` gerecht werden. Im Folgenden wird die energetische Optimierung von Gebaeuden wie die Umsetzung von Niedrigenergiehaus-Konzepten, Standort und Gebaeudeplanung sowie Detailplanung in Bezug auf das Waermedaemmkonzept, Lueftungs-/Dichtheitskonzept und auf angepasste Waermeversorgungssysteme erl autert. Die Solarisierung von Bebauungsplaenen beeinflusste Anordnung der Gebaeude hinsichtlich der Nutzung passivsolarer Gewinne sowie des Einsatzes von Systemen der aktiven Solarenergienutzung. Solarunterstuetzte Nahwaermenetze fuer Wohnsiedlungen werden ebenfalls beschrieben.

  9. Estatísticas de citações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Adler

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um relatório acerca do emprego e uso de citações na avaliação de pesquisas científicas. A idéia de que a avaliação da pesquisa deve ser feita empregando métodos “simples e objetivos” é cada vez mais prevalecente hoje no mundo acadêmico, o que tem gerado uma “cultura de números”, sustentada no pressuposto de que tais avaliações são mais precisas e buscam superar julgamentos subjetivos da revisão por pares. No entanto, tais considerações são analisadas por profissionais que “lidam com números” – os matemáticos e os estatísticos. A convicção nas estatísticas deixa de ter fundamento quando estas são mal aplicadas ou mal interpretadas, como pode ocorrer no caso de uso de estatística para classificar periódicos, documentos, pessoas, programas e disciplinas. Os autores chamam a atenção para a objetividade ilusória dos números e para o fato de que a avaliação baseada em dados de citações pode fornecer uma visão limitada, superficial e incompleta da qualidade da pesquisa.

  10. Neural Networks Modelling of Municipal Real Estate Market Rent Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muczyński Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research on the application of neural networks modelling of municipal real estate market rent rates. The test procedure was based on selected networks trained on the local real estate market data and transformation of the detected dependencies – through established models – to estimate the potential market rent rates of municipal premises. On this basis, the assessment of the adequacy of the actual market rent rates of municipal properties was made. Empirical research was conducted on the local real estate market of the city of Olsztyn in Poland. In order to describe the phenomenon of market rent rates formation an unidirectional three-layer network and a network of radial base was selected. Analyses showed a relatively low degree of convergence of the actual municipal rent rents with potential market rent rates. This degree was strongly varied depending on the type of business ran on the property and its’ social and economic impact. The applied research methodology and the obtained results can be used in order to rationalize municipal property management, including the activation of rental policy.

  11. A preliminary framework for corporate real estate sustainable management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzi Nurul Sahida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The global warming issue has motivated corporations to go green in their business operations including transforming from conventional real estate to green features real estate. However green CRE is more complex to manage due to a building’s significant impact on environmental, social and economic aspects. Thus the need to have a best practice guide or framework as reference is crucial. Unfortunately, no best practice guidelines on CRE management have been found to be sufficient as much uncertainty still exists on the sustainable performance measurement components. This research aims to explore and then summarize the present sustainable CREM practices and components relating to sustainable performance measurement integrating a sustainable theory that balances environmental, economic and social impacts. These act as indicators to measure the outcomes of the practice in the form of a generic model on sustainability preliminary framework for CRESM. The objectives of this research include identifying corporate real estate sustainable management (CRESM practice and components of sustainable performance measurement. The research uses content analysis method to analyse data gathered from literature and previous studies. The findings will be demonstrated in the form of a framework model on CRESM that will include14 CREM strategies and 15 components derived from analysis.

  12. Jump point detection for real estate investment success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Eddie C. M.; Yu, Carisa K. W.; Ip, Wai-Cheung

    2010-03-01

    In the literature, studies on real estate market were mainly concentrating on the relation between property price and some key factors. The trend of the real estate market is a major concern. It is believed that changes in trend are signified by some jump points in the property price series. Identifying such jump points reveals important findings that enable policy-makers to look forward. However, not all jump points are observable from the plot of the series. This paper looks into the trend and introduces a new approach to the framework for real estate investment success. The main purpose of this paper is to detect jump points in the time series of some housing price indices and stock price index in Hong Kong by applying the wavelet analysis. The detected jump points reflect to some significant political issues and economic collapse. Moreover, the relations among properties of different classes and between stocks and properties are examined. It can be shown from the empirical result that a lead-lag effect happened between the prices of large-size property and those of small/medium-size property. However, there is no apparent relation or consistent lead in terms of change point measure between property price and stock price. This may be due to the fact that globalization effect has more impact on the stock price than the property price.

  13. Research on the optimization of quota design in real estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Chunling; Ma, Susu; Zhong, Weichao

    2017-11-01

    Quota design is one of the effective methods of cost control in real estate development project and widely used in the current real estate development project to control the engineering construction cost, but quota design have many deficiencies in design process. For this purpose, this paper put forward a method to achieve investment control of real estate development project, which combine quota design and value engineering(VE) at the stage of design. Specifically, it’s an optimizing for the structure of quota design. At first, determine the design limits by investment estimate value, then using VE to carry on initial allocation of design limits and gain the functional target cost, finally, consider the whole life cycle cost (LCC) and operational problem in practical application to finish complex correction for the functional target cost. The improved process can control the project cost more effectively. It not only can control investment in a certain range, but also make the project realize maximum value within investment.

  14. INTERDEPENDENCE OF COST AND QUALITY OF ITEMS OF REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukmanova Inessa Galeevna

    2012-10-01

    Calculation of reduction of the overall cost of the real estate item that has improved quality indicators in comparison with the overall cost of the real estate item of satisfactory quality, taken as a benchmark, is made. The nature of interrelation between the quality of building works and maintenance expenses is provided. The overall cost of the item increases alongside with the increase of its quality, therefore the pre-set quality indicator should be defined by taking account of the market conditions, rates charged for building works and payable by buyers, and the amount of building works that sell at a higher price. The indicator of the overall cost of the item of real estate, if forthcoming operational expenses are taken into account, i.e. calculated for the course of the overall life cycle of the item, is essential if the investor is going to maintain the building. Investors often act as sellers of completed buildings; therefore, the product price set at the time when it is offered for sale is of particular importance.

  15. How the Recession Affects the Expectations of Potential Acquirers of Real Estate Right in Deciding to Purchase Property?

    OpenAIRE

    Grum, Bojan; Grum, Darja Kobal

    2012-01-01

    The objective was to identify factors which are critical to potential acquirers of real estate right in deciding to purchase property. We analysed whether the recession is negatively associated with these expectations. The results of 1306 participant show that people generally expressed higher expectations in year 2009 than then in year 2011, as specially reflected by younger participants. Further analyses of the impact of statistically significant differences of potential acquirers of real e...

  16. Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method Applied in the Real Estate Investment Risks Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ML(Zhang Minli), Zhang; Wp(Yang Wenpo), Yang

    Real estate investment is a high-risk and high returned of economic activity, the key of real estate analysis is the identification of their types of investment risk and the risk of different types of effective prevention. But, as the financial crisis sweeping the world, the real estate industry also faces enormous risks, how effective and correct evaluation of real estate investment risks becomes the multitudinous scholar concern[1]. In this paper, real estate investment risks were summarized and analyzed, and comparative analysis method is discussed and finally presented fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, not only in theory has the advantages of science, in the application also has the reliability, for real estate investment risk assessment provides an effective means for investors in real estate investing guidance on risk factors and forecasts.

  17. Institutionalization of Organized Industrial Estates in Turkey, Problems Encountered and Proposed Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan DAĞLAR

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the aim of the study is to determine the institutionalization degree of organized industrial estates and to identify the faced problems and to develop solutions for these problems. By using survey method, information about problems and institutionalization status of organized industrial estates were obtained from managers of the active organized industrial estates. The problems of organized industrial estates are related to the management structure, qualified staff, energy, transportation, regulation and public improvements. Formalization, professionalism, accountability, transparency and social responsibility have been identified as the factors about the institutionalization of organized industrial estates in Turkey according to factor analysis. It could be argued that organized industrial estates in Turkey have an institutional structure and they have institutionalized. However, it could be said that organized industrial estates which operate in 80 cities of Turkey and more than one are in some cities are not at the same level of institutionalization.

  18. 26 CFR 20.6036-2 - Notice of qualification as executor of estate of decedent dying after 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of decedent dying after 1970. 20.6036-2 Section 20.6036-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER... decedent dying after 1970. In the case of the estate of a decedent dying after December 31, 1970, no...

  19. 26 CFR 20.6036-1 - Notice of qualification as executor of estate of decedent dying before 1971.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of decedent dying before 1971. 20.6036-1 Section 20.6036-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER... decedent dying before 1971. (a) Preliminary notice for estates of decedents dying before January 1, 1971...

  20. 41 CFR 102-73.15 - What real estate acquisition and related services may Federal agencies provide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What real estate... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 73-REAL ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.15 What real estate... provide real estate acquisition and related services, including leasing (with or without purchase options...

  1. Risk assessment and management of unstable slopes on the national forest estate in Scotland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, M.; Nettelton, I.; Leech, K.

    2015-09-01

    The National Forest Estate in Scotland has a wide range of geotechnical hazards present, primarily landslides, which may cause a significant risk to people and key infrastructure. UK land owners are increasingly required to understand the risks associated with their land and how their activities may affect landsliding and, in particular, where landslides originating from their land may impact third party assets. A Geographic Information System (GIS) based landslide susceptibility assessment by the British Geological Survey (BGS) identified a number of sites in the National Forest Estate as being susceptible to landslide hazards. Coffey Geotechnics Ltd and the BGS are currently undertaking “ground- truthing” of selected sites to identify and characterise the hazards, pathways and elements at risk. A “Slope Stability Appraisal of Risk” system was used to assign a risk category to areas identified during the “ground-truthing” phase which need to be managed. This system is based on the combination of hazards, receptor type, vulnerability and pathway in a similar manner to that of the Australian Geomechanics Society. A long term strategy for risk management of unstable slopes is under development by Forestry Commission Scotland to provide strategic guidance on future land management and guidance for existing felled sites. Options for risk management include: maintenance of existing systems i.e. drainage; silviculture where establishment of woodland can assist in slope stabilisation; and engineering works such as barrier systems, retaining structures and rock remedial works.

  2. Velika Hoča and the beginning of the church estate in Metohija

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarković Božidar V.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Immediately after the foundation of the Hilandar, Simeon Nemanja had granted it an estate in the surrounding of Prizren which consisted of nine villages, two vineyards, four apiaries, market place, 170 families of cattlemen (Vlahs and other gains. The centre of that estate was to be found in the village of Gornja (today Velika Hoča. This settlement got the status of market place where goods manufactured at monastery's estate were being sold, and all other goods. The main export-oriented product of this Hilandar's estate was vine. The importance of Hilandar made other Serbian rulers create new monasteries in the surrounding of his estate. Therefore, there are estates of Bishop's Chair of Virgin Ljeviška from Prizren, monastery of St. Archangels, Dečani, and Petar Koriški are being met in this area. It is little known that the monastery of Studenica had its estate at this area as well. The reason for this is the destroyed Monastery's Chart. Based on the other charts we are able to partially reconstruct the estate of this important monastery. The existence of the two most important monasteries' estates in this area including a favourable geographic position made a lot of rulers create church estates here, which gave the whole area the name of Metohija.

  3. Design optimization of real estate tax and effect analysis in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingjiuan Guo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The objective of this research is to reform the current real estate tax system and establish the real estate tax system suitable for China’s national conditions.Design/methodology: Based on the necessity of the real estate tax reform, the paper studies the system optimization and its effects analysis of the real estate tax. At last, the paper uses the system dynamics to demonstrate the feasibility of the real estate tax from an empirical point.Findings: With the system dynamics, we can establish the causal relationship of the influence factors and forecast the impact on the future real estate prices. It can also provide some suggestions for China’s real estate tax reform.Research limitations/implications: The establishment of the model might not be very mature, so we need the further study and improvement.Originality/value: This study was the first to use system dynamics to analyze the impact of real estate taxes on real estate prices, and we hope to provide some suggestions for China’s real estate tax reform.

  4. Creating real estate maps by using GIS: A case study of Atakum-Samsun/Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faik Ahmet Sesli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Determining the real estate evaluations and reflecting them on taxations are among the most important economic resources of the developed countries. In Turkey, the system is not able to ground the real estate evaluations on scientific criteria yet, which causes various problems in applications regarding real estate evaluations (such as estate tax, expropriation, court surveillances and an important economic loss.Thus, it is required to generate tax-base real estate evaluation maps within the scope of the legal legislation in Turkey. This study aimed to generate a fast, up-to-date and dynamic evaluation map that would form a base for the real estate taxation. The closeness of real estates to the technical infrastructure and social equipment areas and their variety affect the real estate evaluations either positively or negatively and form the local benefit for real estates. This study determined the areas (such as main roads, green spaces, trading areas and urban attraction centers affecting the evaluations of real estates depending on their positions. In order to make position-based decisions about the data being stored in the Geographical Information System, the geographical data were questioned and monitored with analyses. The acquired data were exposed to necessary analyses in the relevant modules of the GIS programs, which enabled us to grade the factors affecting the evaluation for each parcel and try to generate real estate evaluation maps depending on the evaluation-effect factors to be selected as dynamics. Parcel-based real estate evaluations were determined by imposing vector-based cadastral maps on these maps being generated. In this study, a raster real estate evaluation map was generated in unstructured parcels of a sample neighborhood via the scoring method and with the help of the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Analysis and both environmental and social factors. This system could enable us to question and analyze the features of

  5. Two-level modelling of real estate taxtation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gall, Jaroslav; Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Real estate taxes recurrently attract attention, because they are a source of potentially increased revenue for local and national government. Most experts agree that it is necessary to switch from using normative values for taxation to a market-value-based taxation of real property with computer......-assisted mass valuation, witch benefit from use of value maps. In Czech Republic, efforts have been made to adopt current tax policy goals, but improvements are still needed. The paper aims at supporting the current improvement process towards a market based system. It presents models, which describe aspects...

  6. Modelling real estate business for governance and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    as identified and declared areas of excellence. Within the above context, the paper refers to outcomes and experiences from the research action: Modelling Real Property Transactions (2001-2005). Among others, processes related to real estate (purchase, subdivision) were modelled and corresponding ontologies...... were drafted. Also, a follow-up action is in process of approval: Rearrangement of Property Rights for Rural and Urban Areas. A short study programme on Cadastral Development is proposed, which might enhance university networking with clusters of the micro-enterprises, which provide technical services...

  7. Synthetic real estate: bringing corporate finance to health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varwig, D; Smith, J

    1998-01-01

    The changing landscape of health care has caused hospitals, health care systems, and other health care organizations to look for ways to finance expansions and acquisitions without "tainting" their balance sheets. This search has led health care executives to a financing technique that has been already embraced by Fortune 500 companies for most of this decade and more recently adopted by high-tech companies: synthetic real estate. Select case studies provide examples of the more creative financial structures currently being employed to meet rapidly growing and increasingly complex funding needs.

  8. Infrastructure of Bulgarian High-Rise Estates: Realities and Hopes

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcheva, Elena; Taki, A. H.; Hadi, Yuri

    2017-01-01

    This chapter studies the quality and characteristics of the infrastructure in several high-rise estates in Sofia, Bulgaria and evaluates to which extend it serves the residents in the tall buildings. Most of the highrises in Sofia and their surroundings were built in the Soviet era so they represent a very old design concept and this is why it is no surprise that the quality of the public realm and the buildings is quite substandard. The spaces around the high-rises lack pub...

  9. El control de la administración estatal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, María Inés Alicia

    2013-01-01

    El tema del control del aparato a través del cual actúa el Estado, también llamado administración estatal, adquiere gran relevancia debido a la evolución del concepto del control, que ya no se restringe a la simple detección de errores y corrección de desviaciones del pasado, sino que aparece como un valioso auxiliar de la toma de decisiones capaz de reorientar acciones y metas hacia lo que es mejor para las organizaciones y sus integrantes. E...

  10. Energy-efficient Renovation of a Real Estate in AUSTRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korjenic Azra

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available An action have cities worldwide, due to urbanization. More than 70 percent of people in Europe live in cities, where 70 percent of the energy consumed. Without adequate measures, a rapidly growing city is at risk in by overloading the infrastructure, threats to water, energy, pollution, logistical bottlenecks and lack of housing. This paper describes an energy-efficient renovation or expansion planning a real estate in Vorarlberg, Austria. The settlement was analysed in more detail here, it involves the city Dornbirn- part Shor. The study investigated how to extend this settlement energy efficient and what feed for factors in the assessment.

  11. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    OpenAIRE

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-01-01

    Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897) sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad) como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, ...

  12. Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong Lam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available For the photographic series featured in this issue of Cross-Currents—“Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious”—I have selected a diverse range of ruinous spaces to tell an alternative history of contemporary China’s hysterical transformation. Whereas historical monuments in China are frequently used by the state to symbolize civilizational pride and national humiliation, in order to mobilize the masses to observe their patriotic duty, the ruinous sites I seek to foreground in my photographs are non-places that represent the specter of history...

  13. RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN PRACTICE OF VALUATING MUNICIPAL REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg V. Likhomanov

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The authors analyze the real estate tax system of England, France, Germany, the USA, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Chile, Singapore, the Philippines, and Japan. The following activities are proposed with the aim of creating an effective system of municipal real estate management and improving the quality of local government: to organize the smooth functioning of full and timely accounting of the municipal real estate, the introduction of an automated registry system, including legal, technical, and economic components of records; to develop scientifically based optimal management solutions on the disposal of municipal property, in compliance with the balance of fiscal, investment and socially-oriented objectives in the course of operational management, transfer in use or trust, disposition, use as the authorized capital; to develop the optimal solutions for selecting strategies for achieving maximum economic efficiency and increasing investment attractiveness of municipal property; to exercise effective control over regulatory use of municipal property (especially land resources for its intended purpose; to organize work on reliable cadastral valuation of the property; to provide the state budget institutions for cadastral valuation established in the regions with qualified personnel from among the practicing independent appraisers; to engage independent appraisers for analysis and monitoring of real estate market with the aim of identifying pricing factors and ensuring reliable results, compliant with relevant market data; to completely eliminate the possibility of pressure by officials of local self-government bodies at the state budget institutions for the cadastral valuation to establish the desired orientations of the cadastral value. The authors propose to initiate the introduction of uniform date of establishment of the cadastral value on the territory of the Russian Federation with the aim of providing a

  14. Masalah Permukiman Kota: Permukiman Kumuh, Perumnas, dan Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Sudaryono

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Perumahan sebagai salah satu komponen infrstruktur akan menjadi tema yang sangat penting dalam kerangka baik isue global maupun nasional, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan pembangunan industri pada kota-kota di Indonesia di masa datang. Studi ini akan membahas permasalahan dari tiga tipe deliveri perumahan di Indonesia yang cukup menonjol yakni: 1 pemukiman kumuh, 2 perumnas, dan 3 real estate. Secara singkat dapat dikatakan bahwa munculny pemukiman kumuh di kota-kota di Indonesia dan negara-negara berkembang pada umumnya adalah berakar pada gagapnya kota-kota tersebut dalam menyiasati gelombang global industrialisasi yang dibawa oleh revolusi industri.

  15. Measuring the Impacts of the Progress of Cities on Real Estate Values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat ATİK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Investors, companies and people who have savings invest real estate because the expectation of the increasing future value of it. The correctly determination of the real estate value is important. The impact of the development of cities generally is not taken into account to detect the value of real estate. This study aims to determine whether there is a significantly difference in the investment of real estate to the south and west of the cities rather than other parts of that. For this reason, percentage change in real estate value per m2 in the five largest cities of Turkey, is analysed according to geographical location and direction of cities. As a result, the return on real estate investment at the south and west of cities is a significantly difference compared to investment in other parts of those.

  16. Risk Characteristics of Real Estate Related Securities--An Extension of Liu and Mei (1992)

    OpenAIRE

    Hsien-hsing Liao; Jianping Mei

    1998-01-01

    This study extends from Liu and Mei (1992) by further investigation of assets, real estate related securities, which includes both equity and mortgage real estate investment trusts (REITs), the stocks of builder- and owner-companies, and mortgage-backed securities (MBSs). There are five major findings. First, expected excess returns of real estate related securities are more predictable than the expected excess returns of value-weighted stocks and bonds. Second, right market timing is importa...

  17. SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF REAL ESTATE MARKET AS AN OBJECT OF STATISTICAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliya V. Bazhdanova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the peculiarities of development of the residential real estate market of Moscow. Several approaches to the analysis of formation of this economy segment are considered. Foundations and classification of residential real estate are given. A main attention is paid to parameters of assessed value of real estate. The pricing is considered within the frame of the existing tasks and goals.

  18. 76 FR 70680 - Small Business Size Standards: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... commissions (such as real estate brokers and travel agents), $5 million will include those industries with the... Real Estate 0.8 35.0 0.6 11.3 2,388.9 0.711 -29.6 Agents and Brokers 5.0 10.0 5.0 $10.0 $7.0 7.0 2.0... closely related NAICS Industry Groups, Real Estate Agents and Brokers (NAICS 5312) and Activities Related...

  19. Analysis of German real estate funds: selection criteria for investment opportunities perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Himbert, Esther

    2014-01-01

    This study is focused on real estate funds formed in Germany and has two major purposes: first to investigate the liquidity crisis and followed change of the legal framework for German real estate funds and secondly to demonstrate the impact on investment selection criteria of German real estate investment companies . By both quantitative and qualitative methods the thesis approaches those two different purposes. The quantitative part provides theoretical background about the construct of o...

  20. A Random Walk Down Main Street: Can Experts Predict Returns on Commercial Real Estate?

    OpenAIRE

    David C. Ling

    2005-01-01

    We examine the ability of experts, specifically institutional owners and managers, to predict commercial real estate return performance in major metropolitan markets and on various property types. We find no evidence that the consensus opinions on investment conditions contained in Real Estate Research Corporation?s quarterly Real Estate Investment Survey are useful in forecasting subsequent return performance. In fact, we document that RERC?s surveys are backward looking. The implications of...

  1. Methods of modeling TCO residential real estate in the life cycles of buildings as a promising energy efficiency management tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulakov Kirill

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Building and developing an affordable housing market is a huge challenge for Russia’s national economy. Today, the housing construction industry finds itself in a situation torn by a conflict caused by the simultaneous needs to minimize the housing construction costs in order to make housing more affordable for Russians and to increase the energy efficiency of the housing projects, which is associated with additional costs for developers. To find solutions to this contradictory situation, one needs new theoretical and practical approaches and economic tools. The global economic trend of managing goods and services on the basis of the value of goods and services over the life cycle is also manifested in the construction industry in Russia. The problem of forming a new economic thinking in the housing sector predetermines the perception of the value of housing not only as the price of purchased real estate, but as the equivalent of the total cost of ownership of real estate throughout its life cycle. This approach allows to compensate the initial rise in the cost of construction resulting from the introduction of energy-efficient technologies by savings in the operational phase of the life cycle of the property. In this regard, management of the total cost of real estate ownership based on energy modeling is of high research and practical relevance.

  2. China and the Fifth Estate: Net Delusion or Democratic Potential?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William H. Dutton

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Arguably, liberal democratic societies are seeing the emergence of a ‘Fifth Estate’ that is being enabled by the Internet. This new organizational form is comparable to, but potentially more powerful than, the Fourth Estate, which developed as a significant force in an earlier period with an independent press and other mass media. While the significance of the press and the Internet to democratic governance is questioned in all societies, there is particular skepticism of their relevance outside the most liberal democratic regimes, which have a relatively free press and more pluralistic political systems, such as in North America and West Europe. Nevertheless, there have been vivid examples of where networked individuals have appeared to assert greater communicative power in the politics of governance, the media and everyday life, even in non-liberal democratic regimes, such as Hong Kong, and in some cases, China. This potential points to the need for more systematic empirical research in a wider variety of economic and political settings worldwide, particularly in states in which the Internet might offer a potential for more democratic governance and greater accountability of government controlled media. This paper examines cases in which networked individuals in China used the Internet to hold governmental and press institutions more accountable. The cases provide support for the relevance of the Fifth Estate concept in China, and also illuminates the process – showing how the Internet can be used to empower networked individuals in more autocratic regimes.

  3. The incorporation of sustainability into the real estate investment portfolio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baas, L.

    2013-06-15

    This graduation report describes the findings of a research in the area of Real Estate Management, section Building Economics. The subject of the research relates to the added value of sustainable offices in the real estate investment portfolio. The question which is leading throughout this report is whether the extent of sustainability influences the financial performance of office buildings in the Netherlands. But on which grounds are these assumptions made? The gathered information compares actual energy consumption in relation to theoretical knowledge of a governmental regulated energy performance scheme. To find an accurate answer a quantitative research has been conducted at a sustainability-driven organization, the Dutch Green Building Council (in short: DGBC). An extensive literature review provided the author with a solid background to investigate the relation of financial performance compared to sustainability features. This knowledge enabled him to define a hedonic pricing model and thus to look into financial benefits of better performing assets. This model is used to highlight significant locational, asset-related and sustainable features that act as predictors for offices. Especially the degree of sustainability comes to mind when this data is compared with actual consumption instead of theoretically defined through a standardized calculation. This resulted into recommendations and eventually discussions gathered at the end of this report. This report aims not only on the change of one's mind about the importance of sustainability but also on the added value of information flows for operational management.

  4. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  5. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  6. The Valuation of Hope Value for Real Estate Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renigier-Biłozor Małgorzata

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the valuation of a property subject to development, the valuer may consider the potential aspect of the value of both land to be improved and a building to be refurbished. These kinds of valuations are complex, especially when a prudent assessment of value is required. In general terms, all properties may have potential development which, in some cases, can be termed “hope”. In particular, uncertainty regarding the change in the legal framework may create expectations as to the uncertain variation of property value in the future. In these cases, it may be necessary to deal with hope value or future value, trying to reach the value of a property subjected to uncertain changes. Hope value is the difference between the existing use value and the price that the market might pay for future transformation. The main aim of the paper is the elaboration of a methodology to determine the hope value. In this work, a real option model for the valuation of hope value in the real estate market will be applied to a small sample of residential properties located in Olsztyn that are subject to possible transformation. The possibility of a transformation may create expectations and may influence the value of the property. Although the applications of these methods to real estate valuation are fairly recent, the International Valuation Standards have included real option theory in the income approach as a valuation method since 2011.

  7. Do the Rich Flee from High State Taxes? Evidence from Federal Estate Tax Returns

    OpenAIRE

    Jon Bakija; Joel Slemrod

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines how changes in state tax policy affect the number of federal estate tax returns filed in each state, utilizing data on federal estate tax return filings by state and wealth class for 18 years between 1965 and 1998. Controlling for state- and wealth-class specific fixed effects, we find that high state inheritance and estate taxes and sales taxes have statistically significant, but modest, negative impacts on the number of federal estate tax returns filed in a state. High p...

  8. Serengeti real estate: density vs. fitness-based indicators of lion habitat quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosser, Anna; Fryxell, John M; Eberly, Lynn; Packer, Craig

    2009-10-01

    Habitat quality is typically inferred by assuming a direct relationship between consumer density and resource abundance, although it has been suggested that consumer fitness may be a more accurate measure of habitat quality. We examined density vs. fitness-based measures of habitat quality for lions in the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. A 40-year average of female reproductive success (yearling cubs per female) was best explained by proximity to river confluences, whereas patterns of productivity (yearling cubs per km(2)) and adult female density (individuals per km(2)) were associated with more general measures of habitat quality and areas of shelter in poor habitat. This suggests that density may not accurately distinguish between high-quality 'source' areas and low-quality sites that merely provide refuges for effectively non-reproductive individuals. Our results indicate that density may be a misleading indicator of real estate value, particularly for populations that do not conform to an ideal free distribution.

  9. THE ANALYSIS OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristea Anca Maria

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investments are one of the most attractive business opportunities in the context of the contemporary economy, generally marked by economic recession and especially by monetary and financial instability. Last years international reporting concluded that deepening the global economic crisis determined an increase of the real estate request, while despite all expectations one did not assist a crash of the prices. Economic reality showed that real estate assets value (buildings, land kept proportions with economic reality over time. A comparison between stock exchange market and the real estate market shows that while an movables investor (investments in stocks, bonds or life insurance might lose completely his initial investment, the investments in real estate assets, such as buildings, would keep their quality as goods and would also keep a value to better resist shocks and thus allowing an increase of the capital. When appreciating the value of an investment the first things to analyze are the return, liquidity and risk criteria, which are essential in real estate investments too. Stimulating real estate market must be not only a wish but also a reality of global economy, since it can correct many of the aggregated indicators of a country. Containing scientifically detached from economic practice, this article is addressed to readers with interests in real estate investment. The language is usually referred particularly to the qualitative side of the real estate market approach. The feasibility of the real estate investments is being conditioned by their capacity to generate important profits, on the background of the reduction of the duration of recovery of their value. The economic instability from the last couple of years has generated fears and failures but, paraphrasing Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, courage is a mixture of genius, magic and power that helps us succeed in everything we set our mind to. The investments on the real

  10. City Magistrate of Tsaritsyn as the Estates Court for Urban Population 1784-1866

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. Bulyulina

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the 18th century in Russia caste system of the judiciary was legalized. For urban and suburban trade and craft population of the Russian Empire estates courts were magistrates. Despite the fact that the activities of magistrates are studied by native historians and legal scholars, regional aspects of the topic are not adequately reflected. This article examines the activities of the Tsaritsyn city magistrate court as an estates court for a merchant and petty-bourgeois population of the city of Tsaritsyn in 1784-1866. In 1775 Ekaterina II carried out a major reform of local government and the court, significantly expanding the functions of local government institutions, and, in fact, restoring estates of municipal government. From that moment in cities the magistrates managed the city, including city magistrates who represented the court of first instance in criminal and civil cases for the urban population – merchants, craftsmen, townspeople. Appeal to the city magistrate was of the Saratov provincial magistrate. Different aspects of his functional features and relations with another official instances are presented. The limits of the jurisdiction of the Tsaritsyn city magistrate was limited to the territory of Tsaritsyn. The objects of the jurisdiction could be only the regular citizens, i.e. assigned to the city, and not the entire population. Implementation of the rule of law, particularly the application of penalties in the material presented in the aspect of not only the all-Russian legal requirements, but also regarding regional social and legal assessments. Tsaritsyn city magistrate heard cases of theft, vandalism, rape, false receipts, and bills of exchange, unauthorized occupation of urban land, abandoned children, the accountability for deviations from the canons of Orthodoxy, committing a schismatic rites, violation of rules of transportation and logging, concealment of recruits, about the insult of the authorities

  11. PROBLEMS OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT WITHIN A REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy A. Bryksin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes problems of organization management within a real estate development, the analysis of this problems and the methods of its solution based on the Balanced Scorecard. In present unsteady conditions of business development, commercial activity faces a number of problems. The main types are: the problem of lack of funding, the problem of the growth of a company, the company’s management problem, the problem of business processes, and the problem of the decision-making. As a method to solve the problems is proposed an introduction of the balanced scorecard (BSC, which allows accurately feel the slightest changes in the company, deviation from the planned strategies and adjust the direction of the motion during the life of the company.

  12. Safety practices in Jordanian manufacturing enterprises within industrial estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khrais, Samir; Al-Araidah, Omar; Aweisi, Assaf Mohammad; Elias, Fadia; Al-Ayyoub, Enas

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates occupational health and safety practices in manufacturing enterprises within Jordanian industrial estates. Response rates were 21.9%, 58.6% and 70.8% for small, medium and large sized enterprises, respectively. Survey results show that most companies comply with state regulations, provide necessary facilities to enhance safety and provide several measures to limit and control hazards. On the negative side, little attention is given to safety training that might be due to the lack of related regulations and follow-up, financial limitations or lack of awareness on the importance of safety training. In addition, results show that ergonomic hazards, noise and hazardous chemicals are largely present. Accident statistics show that medium enterprises have the highest accident cases per enterprise, and chemical industries reported highest total number of accidents per enterprise. The outcomes of this study establish a base for appropriate safety recommendations to enhance the awareness and commitment of companies to appropriate safety rules.

  13. Historic town centre management - The real estate industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciubotaru Mihai

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In modern times, many of the socio-economic aspects of our lives (beside the classical understanding of the term industry “evolved(?” into industries: music, arts in general, sports, education, health....have become professionally managed industries. Historical town centres provide goods and services and, in this context, can be regarded as industries, as a whole. All the elements of an industry can be identified in these complex “places”: provision of goods and services, human resources issues, technology, marketing, regulatory and legal aspects, management...all of which pointing towards an approach that needs to be looked at as such. The most important industry in hist oric town centres is the real estate industry.

  14. La emergencia del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Gutiérrez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La primera agencia ambiental estatal fue tempranamente creada en Argentina con el retorno a la democracia en 1973 y tras la Conferencia de Estocolmo de 1972. No obstante, la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales ha distado de ser incremental y sólo comenzó a ganar vigor en la década de 1990. Simultáneamente, las organizaciones sociales ambientalistas emergieron en sucesivas oleadas desde mediados de los años 1960 hasta nuestros días. Este trabajo reconstruye el surgimiento de las instituciones ambientales y la forma en que los actores estatales y sociales han interactuado a lo largo del proceso. Argumentaremos que el ambientalismo social y la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales recorrieron caminos paralelos y no tuvieron mayor contacto hasta el nuevo milenio, cuando un nuevo tipo de ambientalismo social logró impactar en la agenda gubernamental a partir de una serie de conflictos ambientales. Argumentaremos, también, que el recorrido del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina debe entenderse a la luz de la influencia internacional (tanto ideológico-normativa como financiera y de la dinámica del régimen político. Respecto de esta última, mostraremos que tanto el cambio de régimen como cambios institucionales dentro del régimen fueron favorables al desarrollo de una agenda pública ambiental y de su encuentro con la agenda gubernamental.

  15. Estate planning for forest landowners: what will become of your timberland?

    Science.gov (United States)

    William C. Siegel; Harry L. Haney; John L. Greene

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to provide guidelines and assistance to nonindustrial private forest owners and the legal, tax, financial, insurance, and forestry professionals who serve them on the application of estate planning techniques to forest properties. The book presents a working knowledge of the Federal estate and gift tax law as of September 30, 2008, with...

  16. 38 CFR 36.4515 - Estate of veteran in real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: (1) A fee simple estate therein, legal or equitable; or (2) A leasehold estate running or renewable... section by reason of the following: (1) Encroachments; (2) Easements; (3) Servitudes; (4) Reservations for water, timber, or subsurface rights; (5) Right in any grantor or cotenant in the chain of title, or a...

  17. Sensemaking of real estate management using real options and scenario planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Reedt Dortland, Maartje; Voordijk, Johannes T.; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.

    2012-01-01

    Healthcare across the world is facing many uncertainties. In Dutch healthcare, a recent policy change forces health organisations to deal more efficiently with real estate which makes flexibility more necessary. In order to support real estate managers in decision making in flexibility, we developed

  18. Towards phronetic knowledge for strategic planning in corporate real estate management: A real options approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Reedt Dortland, Maartje; Voordijk, Johannes T.; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to provide insights about the potential of real option thinking for corporate real estate management (CREM) from the owner-user perspective. A promising approach to classifying and evaluating flexibility in real estate is the real options approach. Most

  19. 26 CFR 1.167(h)-1 - Life tenants and beneficiaries of trusts and estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Life tenants and beneficiaries of trusts and estates. 1.167(h)-1 Section 1.167(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... and Corporations § 1.167(h)-1 Life tenants and beneficiaries of trusts and estates. (a) Life tenants...

  20. 78 FR 717 - ENE (Environment Northeast); Greater Boston Real Estate Board; National Consumer Law Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... Boston Real Estate Board, National Consumer Law Center, and NEPOOL Industrial Customer Coalition... (Environment Northeast); Greater Boston Real Estate Board; National Consumer Law Center; NEPOOL Industrial Customer Coalition; v. Bangor Hydro-Electric Company; Central Maine Power Company; New England Power...

  1. Utilizing 3D building and 3D cadastre geometries for better valuation of existing real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Isikdag, U.; Horhammer, M.; Zlatanova, S.; Kathmann, R.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Valuation of the properties is known as real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation and is a process which focuses on determining the value of a building or a land lot. The valuation of each real estate is required prior to any transaction as every property is unique in terms of

  2. MODERN TENDENCIES IN THE FIELD OF THE COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Chubuk

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of owners, got from the use of services of professional real estate management, are exposed. The spheres of most distribution of professional services of real estate management, their progress trends, prevailing form of organization of mutual relations between the owner of the real estate and managing company, special terms of payments for services are revealed. The range of management services and specific criteria of a choice of management companies in domestic practice are exposed, the rating of the leading companies in the market of complex services of commercial real estate management in Ukraine is given. Dynamics of the indicators, characterizing a condition of the market and efficiency of using of commercial real estate in Kiev for the period before and after financial and economic crisis, is illustrated. Reasons that limits possibilities of strategic real estate management in a long-term prospect are examines. The comparative analysis of attractiveness of basic sectors of the Ukrainian commercial property market (office, trade, ware-house real estate is conducted from positions of investing and professional management. There is proved that perspective of investments in the ware-house (industrial real estate is reasonable.

  3. 76 FR 39341 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG-114206-11] RIN 1545-BK21 Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service... how the new markets tax credit program may be amended to encourage non-real estate investments. FOR...

  4. 78 FR 10695 - Mortgage Servicing Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    .... Miller, Iowa Att'y Gen.) (``Miller Testimony''). See also, Kurt Eggert, Limiting Abuse and Opportunism by... Part 1024 Mortgage Servicing Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement Act (Regulation X); Final Rule #0... 3170-AA14 Mortgage Servicing Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X...

  5. 43 CFR 30.128 - What happens if an error in BIA's estate inventory is alleged?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens if an error in BIA's estate... INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Judicial Authority and Duties § 30.128 What happens if an error in BIA's estate inventory is alleged? This section applies when, during a probate proceeding, an interested...

  6. 7 CFR 767.153 - Sale of real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... is lost or damaged as a result of fire, vandalism, or act of God before the Agency conveys the... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sale of real estate inventory property. 767.153....153 Sale of real estate inventory property. (a) Pricing. (1) The Agency will advertise property for...

  7. 26 CFR 1.857-8 - Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust. 1.857-8 Section 1.857-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY.... Thus, every real estate investment trust shall maintain in the internal revenue district in which it is...

  8. 26 CFR 1.857-7 - Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust. 1.857-7 Section 1.857-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-7 Earnings and profits...

  9. 26 CFR 1.857-6 - Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts. 1.857-6 Section 1.857-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857...

  10. 26 CFR 1.857-2 - Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain. 1.857-2 Section 1.857-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-2 Real...

  11. Ways to study corporate real estate management in healthcare : An analytical framework

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zwart, J.; van der Voordt, Theo; Arkesteijn, M.H.

    2009-01-01

    Since 2008, after 35 years of a publicly supported healthcare real estate budget system, Dutch healthcare organisations have become financially responsible for the profits and risks of their real estate investment. Furthermore the Dutch healthcare system is in transition towards a regulated market

  12. Smart tools on campus : a literature study connecting real estate management objectives and positioning technologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valks, B.; Arkesteijn, M.H.; den Heijer, A.C.

    2016-01-01

    One of the long-standing issues in the field of corporate real estate management is the alignment of an organisation’s real estate to its corporate strategy. Despite extensive research, existing approaches have not had much uptake in practice and fall short in a number of aspects (H 2011). The

  13. Developing Real Estate: A Rational Plan for Capitalizing on a Valuable Resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, K. Scott; And Others

    1991-01-01

    The second part of a two-part article addresses four key issues for higher education administrators to consider as they investigate real estate opportunities. They are (1) market feasibility; (2) development strategy; (3) financing; and (4) governance. Guidelines for innovative real estate projects even during the potentially difficult early 1990s…

  14. 12 CFR 32.7 - Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... in 1-4 family real estate in an amount that does not exceed 80 percent of the appraised value of the... concerns about credit quality, undue concentrations in the bank's portfolio of residential real estate, small business, or small farm loans, or concerns about the bank's overall credit risk management systems...

  15. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 208 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... geographic market (e.g., limits on higher risk loans). • Identify appropriate terms and conditions by type of..., collateral inspection, collection, and loan review. • Establish real estate appraisal and evaluation programs... concentrations of risk. • Compliance with all real estate related laws and regulations, including the Community...

  16. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 365 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... by type and geographic market (e.g., limits on higher risk loans). • Identify appropriate terms and..., disbursement, collateral inspection, collection, and loan review. • Establish real estate appraisal and.... • The need to avoid undue concentrations of risk. • Compliance with all real estate related laws and...

  17. 17 CFR 210.3-15 - Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Financial Statements § 210.3-15 Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts. (a)(1) The income... real estate investment trust under applicable provisions of the Internal Revenue Code as amended shall... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special provisions as to real...

  18. 7 CFR 765.401 - Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. 765.401 Section 765.401 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM... Security and Assumption of Debt § 765.401 Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. (a...

  19. 26 CFR 1.822-2 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-2 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-2 Real estate owned and occupied. The limitation in section 822(d)(1) on the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real...

  20. 7 CFR 1955.111 - Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing). 1955.111 Section 1955.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL... Inventory Property Rural Housing (rh) Real Property § 1955.111 Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing...

  1. 78 FR 2483 - Ohio Terminal Railway Company-Operation Exemption-Hannibal Real Estate, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... Railway Company--Operation Exemption--Hannibal Real Estate, LLC Ohio Terminal Railway Company (OTRC),\\1\\ a... near Hannibal, in Monroe County, Ohio (the Line), pursuant to an operating agreement with Hannibal Real Estate, LLC (Hannibal). \\1\\ OTRC is a wholly owned, corporate subsidiary of Carload Express, Inc. (CEI...

  2. 17 CFR 210.8-06 - Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired. 210.8-06 Section 210.8-06 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND... Statements of Smaller Reporting Companies § 210.8-06 Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired. If...

  3. Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

  4. 75 FR 71724 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Solicitation of Information on Changes in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5459-N-01] Real Estate Settlement... lending and how it currently operates within residential real estate mortgage transactions. HUD... in recent years, and especially on how warehouse lending currently operates within residential real...

  5. 26 CFR 20.2106-2 - Estates of nonresidents not citizens; deductions for expenses, losses, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... his death bears to the value of the decedent's entire gross estate wherever situated. It is immaterial... citizen of the United States at the time of his death, deductions are allowed under sections 2053 and 2054... estate, and expenses of administration filed under any applicable foreign death duty act. If no such...

  6. Big Data in Real Estate? From Manual Appraisal to Automated Valuation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, Nils; Koponen, Eija-Leena; Martínez-Barbosa, Carmen

    2017-01-01

    Real estate is the third-largest asset class for institutional investors, but determining the value of commercial real estate assets remains elusively hard. In this article, the authors provide a practical application of big data by employing a unique set of data on U.S. multifamily assets, in

  7. 76 FR 21637 - Safety Zone; Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks, Lake St. Clair, Grosse Pointe Shores, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks, Lake St. Clair, Grosse Pointe Shores, MI AGENCY: Coast... portion of Lake St. Clair River during the Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks. DATES: This rule is effective.... Background and Purpose On June 4, 2011, a private party is holding a land based wedding that will include...

  8. Some Aspects of Local Real Estate Taxes as an Instrument of Land Use Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Źróbek Sabina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Economic and financial instruments are a very important group of tools for supporting local entrepreneurship. The broadest group among them are local taxes. Real estate taxes are considered by local governments, on the one hand, as a tool for promoting the effective development of real estate, and on the other, as a reliable source of income to the local budget.

  9. Family mineral estate planning in Saskatchewan: a primer for members of the oil and gas industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elash, P.D.

    1997-01-01

    The estate and tax planning problems that are commonly encountered by private individuals who own mines and minerals situated in Saskatchewan were discussed. The basic concepts of legal ownership of mines and minerals, petroleum and natural gas leases, drilling licenses and spacing regulations were reviewed, followed by a summary of basic estate and tax planning strategies. These strategies emphasized the three fundamental objectives of estate and tax planning for family mineral holdings, namely (1) eliminating estate tax, (2) income splitting to minimize tax payable from year to year, and (3) title consolidation to simplify ownership. The various means by which an 'Estate Freeze' can be effected - sale/transfer to spouse and/or children, trust, incorporation, and subsequent sale of mineral assets to the corporation, and the basic tax planning instruments available to to the family mineral owner also have been addressed

  10. DIAGNOSIS BASED ON STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: REAL ESTATE AGENCIES OF SANTA MARIA - BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Schrippe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to diagnosis the Strategic Management practices in real estate agencies in the city of Santa Maria – Brazil. For this, a questionnaire was developed by the authors with aid from Google Docs tool and was sent through an electronic mail to all real estate agencies, from which 25 agencies responded, representing about 56.8% of all agencies contacted. The main finding is the inefficiently structured strategic management in the real estate management, which includes a series of aspects, such as strategic planning, indexes, SWOT analysis and employees training. Although the economic outlook was positive for real estate agencies in the last years, if they had gotten used tools of strategic management, the agencies could been enjoying a stronger financial and strategic position. Thus, the major implication of this paper is contributed broad diagnosis the strategic management operation in real estate agencies in the city of Santa Maria – Brazil.

  11. The Determinant Factors of Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT’s Performance: Evidence from Asian REITs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Edi Azhar Binti Mohamad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} This paper investigates the factors that can influence the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT’s performance, paying particular attention to the listed REIT’s in Asian.  Samples of 45 Asian listed REITs are selected from five different countries namely Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore for 5 years basis from 2007 to 2011 with 225 observations. Study used Net Asset value (NAV and Return as the proxy for REITs performance while risk, dividend yield, net income and size to represent the determinants variable. Applying correlations and multiple regression analysis, the results provide evidence on the association between NAV and return with risk, dividend yield, net income and size of REITs. Results of this study are hoped to help the investors and portfolio managers to deepen their understanding of the dependence factors that might influence the performance of REITs in Asian. Keywords: Net asset value (NAV, Real Estate Investment Trust (REITs, Risk and Dividend Yield.

  12. Cure for the future: the real options approach in corporate real estate management. An exploratory study in Dutch health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Reedt Dortland, Maartje

    2013-01-01

    Health organizations face increasingly more and complex uncertainties which influences the provision of healthcare. Real estate facilitates this primary process and therefore has to change accordingly. Corporate Real Estate Management is the discipline that develops strategies that match the current

  13. Effects of preoperative aspirin on cardiocerebral and renal complications in non-emergent cardiac surgery patients: a sub-group and cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longhui Cao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Postoperative cardiocerebral and renal complications are a major threat for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. This study was aimed to examine the effect of preoperative aspirin use on patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: An observational cohort study was performed on consecutive patients (n = 1879 receiving cardiac surgery at this institution. The patients excluded from the study were those with preoperative anticoagulants, unknown aspirin use, or underwent emergent cardiac surgery. Outcome events included were 30-day mortality, renal failure, readmission and a composite outcome--major adverse cardiocerebral events (MACE that include permanent or transient stroke, coma, perioperative myocardial infarction (MI, heart block and cardiac arrest. RESULTS: Of all patients, 1145 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into two groups: those taking (n = 858 or not taking (n = 287 aspirin within 5 days preceding surgery. Patients with aspirin presented significantly more with history of hypertension, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, previous MI, angina and older age. With propensity scores adjusted and multivariate logistic regression, however, this study showed that preoperative aspirin therapy (vs. no aspirin significantly reduced the risk of MACE (8.4% vs. 12.5%, odds ratio [OR] 0.585, 95% CI 0.355-0.964, P = 0.035, postoperative renal failure (2.6% vs. 5.2%, OR 0.438, CI 0.203-0.945, P = 0.035 and dialysis required (0.8% vs. 3.1%, OR 0.230, CI 0.071-0.742, P = 0.014, but did not significantly reduce 30-day mortality (4.1% vs. 5.8%, OR 0.744, CI 0.376-1.472, P = 0.396 nor it increased readmissions in the patients undergoing cardiac surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative aspirin therapy is associated with a significant decrease in the risk of MACE and renal failure and did not increase readmissions in patients undergoing non-emergent cardiac surgery.

  14. 12 CFR 617.7615 - What should the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7615 Section 617.7615 Banks and Banking FARM... the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the... real estate at a rate equivalent to the appraised rental value of the property. (1) Within 15 days...

  15. 12 CFR 617.7610 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7610 Section 617.7610 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT... institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the previous owner, (1) Within 15 days of the System institution's decision to sell acquired agricultural real estate, it must...

  16. 12 CFR 617.7620 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? 617.7620 Section 617.7620 Banks and... What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? System institutions electing to sell or lease acquired agricultural real estate or a...

  17. 26 CFR 1.642(h)-1 - Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... estate or trust. 1.642(h)-1 Section 1.642(h)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF....642(h)-1 Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust. (a) If, on the final termination...(h)(1) to the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust. See § 1.641(b)-3 for...

  18. 41 CFR 102-72.30 - What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... types of delegations related to real estate leasing? 102-72.30 Section 102-72.30 Public Contracts and... different types of delegations related to real estate leasing? Delegations related to real estate leasing... authority to perform such duties as paying and withholding lessor rent and modifying lease provisions that...

  19. 14 CFR 1204.501 - Delegation of authority-to take actions in real estate and related matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... act as real estate agent for NASA. (ix) Authorize other NASA officials to take specific implementing... real estate and related matters. 1204.501 Section 1204.501 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS... Delegation of authority—to take actions in real estate and related matters. (a) Delegation of authority. The...

  20. 75 FR 31334 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Strengthening and Clarifying RESPA's “Required Use...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... by those in a position to refer settlement business (such as builders, real estate agents, and...-A178 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Strengthening and Clarifying RESPA's ``Required Use... referral fees, kickbacks, and unearned fees for real estate settlement services.\\1\\ \\1\\ In July 2008...

  1. 26 CFR 1.645-1 - Election by certain revocable trusts to be treated as part of estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section 1361(b)(1), and the special offset for rental real estate activities in section 469(i)(4). (ii... shareholder requirements of section 1361(b)(1), and the special offset for rental real estate activities under... Revenue Service issues an estate tax closing letter accepting the Form 706 as filed on March 15, 2005. The...

  2. 5 CFR 6701.104 - Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA employees involved in the acquisition or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA employees involved in the acquisition or disposal of real estate. 6701.104 Section 6701.104... OF THE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION § 6701.104 Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA...

  3. 75 FR 44006 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB, HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... Proposed Information Collection to OMB, HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contracts and Addenda (HUD Programs... subject proposal. The respondents are real estate listing brokers for HUD-owned properties who submit...-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0306. Form Numbers: HUD-9544...

  4. 26 CFR 5.856-1 - Extensions of the grace period for foreclosure property by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... property by a real estate investment trust. 5.856-1 Section 5.856-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... real estate investment trust. (a) In general. Under section 856(e), a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) may elect to treat as foreclosure property certain real property (including interests in real...

  5. Use of Multicriteria Valuation of Spatial Units in a System of Mass Real Estate Valuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kuburić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A model of mass valuation at the national level must be functional, practically applicable, consistent and adaptable to actual conditions and real estate market trends. A consideration of the influence of location on real estate value in a spatial unit, and a description of spatial units with a sufficient number of attributes to determine a connection between the value of these attributes and the average price of real estate in a spatial unit, are important tasks in modelling a system of mass real estate valuation. This paper, based on a test implementation of mass real estate valuation for an area covering a number of municipalities in the Republic of Serbia, offers conclusions on the suitability of the use of a mass valuation method grounded in the principles of logical aggregation and case based reasoning. The values of location characteristics, or factors of spatial unit valuation, were determined in spatial analyses employing GIS, according to an established system of multicriteria valuation. This approach ensures that a model-defined value is not stored as offline data, but that each time such data is needed, it can be determined following the proposed methodology, based on actual, updated data from the databases of official spatial data registries. Prior to this, it is necessary to meet all the required prerequisites, which include the distributed databases of official real estate data registries and other factors needed in the mass valuation procedure. Keywords: real estate valuation; spatial units; multicriteria analysis

  6. Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Siti Farizwana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS, turbidity, and residual chlorine in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S, the treatment plant outlet (TPO, and at the nearest houses (H1 and the furthest houses (H2 from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90. The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU. Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L. Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

  7. Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siti Farizwana, M. R.; Mazrura, S.; Zurahanim Fasha, A.; Ahmad Rohi, G.

    2010-01-01

    The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems. PMID:21461348

  8. Determination of aluminium and physicochemical parameters in the palm oil estates water supply at Johor, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siti Farizwana, M R; Mazrura, S; Zurahanim Fasha, A; Ahmad Rohi, G

    2010-01-01

    The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

  9. Estimating value when balancing real estate of agricultural enterprises in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majstorović Aleksandar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The first aim of this paper is to analyze the possibilities that an appropriately created and positioned function of financial estate management opens up for an agricultural enterprise and its significance for optimal balancing of estate in a company's total assets. Since estates often represent a significant position in the assets, it is necessary to repeatedly reassess the value of the agricultural company's estates by using an appropriate methodology, and that task is often assigned to an audit. If the values of particular positions of estate determined in the process of reevaluation differ significantly from the positions in the balance of assets, it is necessary to carry out corrections in financial reports. Depending on the degree of correction, an assessment is carried out and a contribution to the quality of financial reports is made. The importance of this paper stems from the fact that it presents a methodology of an agricultural company's estate value reassessment and gives a model of how, based on determined differences, one can assess quality of financial statements in the area of estate balance policies.

  10. Kajian Pengaruh Perumahan (Real Estate) Terhadap Tingkat Pelayanan Jalan Studi Kasus: Perumahan Setiabudi Indah Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Syaukani, Ahmad; Ismail, Abdul Majid; Aulia, Dwira N.; Dian, Rahmad

    2010-01-01

    The impact of the existence of Taman Setiabudi Indah (TASBI) housing estate on the level of road path intensity service is fairly significant. It can be seen by the interruption of traffic line especially on peak hours at the junction over the main gate of TASBI estate. Based on the actual observation, a further study is needed to determine the impact values of vehicles intensity passing through the main gate of TASBI estate as a cause of increasing traffic towards jalan Setiabudi, as we...

  11. Argus developer in practice real estate development modeling in the real world

    CERN Document Server

    Havard, Tim M

    2014-01-01

    First ""missing manual"" for Argus Developer--case studies show readers how to analyze a development, something Argus manuals don't do. Argus Developer is by far the leading program for real estate developers worldwide The book is an education in real estate finance as well as the program Author teaches seminars and consults with people using the program--back of room sales likely Author has three other books on real estate development Possibility that Argus gets behind the project The book will contain dozens of screenshots

  12. Leitura crítica dos procedimentos estatísticos aplicados no campo da psicologia

    OpenAIRE

    Rondini, Carina Alexandra; Paulillo, Thaís Souza; Martinhão, Viviane Suzano; Marinheiro, Bianca Molica; Martins, Raul Aragão

    2016-01-01

    Apresentamos uma leitura crítica do uso e aplicação da Estatística em artigos científicos de Psicologia, apontando as principais dificuldades de sua aplicabilidade. Pesquisando a base de dados Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde BVS Psicologia ULAPSI Brasil e utilizando as palavras-chave Estatística e Psicologia, encontramos 24 artigos que adotavam estatística básica para coleta e análise de seus dados. Através de estudo bibliográfico e análise de conteúdo, identificamos as possíveis falhas no empreg...

  13. La influencia de las guerras civiles sobre la represión estatal en posguerras

    OpenAIRE

    Herreros, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    En este artículo se analizan los determinantes de la represión estatal en posguerras. Su argumento principal es que ciertas dinámicas de las guerras civiles explican la variación en represión estatal en la posguerra. Para comprobar la influencia de las guerras civiles en la represión estatal, se emplea una base de datos que incluye a todos los países que han experimentado una guerra civil en el período 1976-2009. Los resultados muestran que una victoria rebelde en la guerra o un compromiso en...

  14. INVESTMENTS IN THE REAL ESTATE SECTOR. A CASE STUDY ON CENTRAL EASTERN EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arjoca Diana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the evolution of real estate market in European Union. Romania’s real estate sector passed through significant milestones during the last years – due to economic boom, integration in the European Union and affordable financing. But after the 2007 subprime crisis and the 2010 European sovereign debt crisis new ways of approaching the market have to be designed and implemented. The MnA transactions seem to be an investment driver in Romanian real estate as proven by Immofinanz /Adama Case Study

  15. Real estate value prediction using multivariate regression models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjula, R.; Jain, Shubham; Srivastava, Sharad; Rajiv Kher, Pranav

    2017-11-01

    The real estate market is one of the most competitive in terms of pricing and the same tends to vary significantly based on a lot of factors, hence it becomes one of the prime fields to apply the concepts of machine learning to optimize and predict the prices with high accuracy. Therefore in this paper, we present various important features to use while predicting housing prices with good accuracy. We have described regression models, using various features to have lower Residual Sum of Squares error. While using features in a regression model some feature engineering is required for better prediction. Often a set of features (multiple regressions) or polynomial regression (applying a various set of powers in the features) is used for making better model fit. For these models are expected to be susceptible towards over fitting ridge regression is used to reduce it. This paper thus directs to the best application of regression models in addition to other techniques to optimize the result.

  16. Business as Usual: Nobility and Landed Estates in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Gary

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The majority of European countries which have had an important tradition of manorialism have undergone profound land reforms, redistributing land from large landowners and giving small-scale farmers and the landless legal rights to land ownership, with the exceptions of Sweden and England. This article will outline the particular Swedish case, where large estates have been able to persist largely intact from the Middle Ages through to the current day, and explore possible reasons for Sweden’s failure to develop a substantial land reform. We suggest that while there was not an absolute lack of opportunity for reform, a persistent lack of a critical mass of support has meant a failure of outright revolution, as in the French case, and split incentives from the eighteenth century have prevented successful reform through legislative processes. The barriers to reform have only become stronger with the development of perfect private property rights and of the complexities of European law, and recent Swedish parliamentary outcomes indicate that the case for land reform has expired.

  17. Time-varying correlations in global real estate markets: A multivariate GARCH with spatial effects approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Huaying; Liu, Zhixue; Weng, Yingliang

    2017-04-01

    The present study applies the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) with spatial effects approach for the analysis of the time-varying conditional correlations and contagion effects among global real estate markets. A distinguishing feature of the proposed model is that it can simultaneously capture the spatial interactions and the dynamic conditional correlations compared with the traditional MGARCH models. Results reveal that the estimated dynamic conditional correlations have exhibited significant increases during the global financial crisis from 2007 to 2009, thereby suggesting contagion effects among global real estate markets. The analysis further indicates that the returns of the regional real estate markets that are in close geographic and economic proximities exhibit strong co-movement. In addition, evidence of significantly positive leverage effects in global real estate markets is also determined. The findings have significant implications on global portfolio diversification opportunities and risk management practices.

  18. Uncertainty management in Real Estate Development: Studying the potential of SCRUM design methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blokpoel, S.B.; Reymen, Isabelle; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.; Sariyildiz, S.; Tuncer, B.

    2005-01-01

    Real estate development is all about assessing and controlling risks and uncertainties. Risk management implies making decisions based on quantified risks to execute riskresponse measures. Uncertainties, on the other hand, cannot be quantified and are therefore unpredictable. In literature, much

  19. 76 FR 77053 - Proposed Collection; Income, Excise, and Estate and Gift Taxes Effective Dates, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... or through the internet at [email protected] . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Income... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Income, Excise, and... soliciting comments concerning information collection requirements related to income, excise, and estate and...

  20. Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC Information Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC (the Company) is located in Anaheim, California. The settlement involves the sale of properties constructed prior to 1978, located in Bakersfield and Ridgecrest, California.

  1. 75 FR 33987 - Disposing of Unneeded Federal Real Estate Increasing Sales Proceeds, Cutting Operating Costs, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ... Unneeded Federal Real Estate-- Increasing Sales Proceeds, Cutting Operating Costs, and Improving Energy... operations and maintenance costs. Past attempts at reducing the Federal Government's civilian real property... by utilization and occupancy rates, annual operating cost, energy efficiency, and sustainability. To...

  2. Simulation process management based on real estate indices of economic analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.О. Gritsishen

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The models accounting of real estate, taking into account the theory of property rights and related changes in the accounting system affect the performance assessment of efficiency of real estate in the enterprise. The above effect is manifested by changing data is the basis for calculation of efficiency of real estate. Specifically undergo change indicators, which is used in calculating the value of information assets and the amount of wear. This changes the values of analytical parameters that can influence management decisions and activities of the company as a whole analyzed existing system of determining the effectiveness of fixed assets, accounting model developed properties that take into account the theory of property rights and related changes which took place in the accounting system affect the performance efficiency assessment of real estate in the construction business.

  3. O alcoolismo em Pernambuco: Estudo estatístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walderedo Ismael de Oliveira

    1945-03-01

    Full Text Available O autor procedeu ao levantamento estatístico de tôdas as admissões no Hospital de Alienados de Recife (Estado de Pernambuco, no período que vai de 1916 a 1930, chegando à conclusão que a percentagem de alcoolistas, em relação ao total das entradas, é de 12,4%. As percentagens mais baixas correspondem aos anos de 1925 (6,91% e 1920 (8,15%. O maior contingente de alcoolistas entrou nos anos de 1922 (22,67% e 1923 (17,72%. Em seguida fêz um estudo comparativo entre os dados verificados no Estado de Pernambuco e a incidência de psicoses alcoólicas em outros países. As estatísticas do período 1931-1935 permitiram chegar a conclusões mais minuciosas e elucidativas. No que diz respeito ao sexo, o autor assinala uma elevada proporção de alcoolistas do sexo feminino, em contraste com o habitualmente observado nos outros países. A incidência de alcoolistas, em relação à idade, é mais elevada entre os 31-35 anos para os homens e 26-30 anos para as mulheres. A maioria dos alcoolistas é recrutada entre os elementos nacionais. A maior contribuição de enfermos, no que toca à raça, é fornecida pelo elemento negro. É a comprovação de fenômeno já assinalado também nos Estados Unidos, onde é grande o predomínio dos alcoolistas de raça negra. Entre os casados há mais alcoolistas que entre solteiros e viúvos. A grande maioria dos enfermos provém dos homens de profissões humildes: operários, agricultores, comerciários, etc. A capital contribui com 46,6% do total das internações, fato curioso e digno de nota, porque tal percentagem provém de uma população 6 vezes menor que a do resto do Estado. O autor aventa algumas hipóteses explicativas de tal diferença, salietando as facilidades de hospitalização no centro urbano, as condições do homem da cidade e a situação alimentar do operário no Recife. É carregada a ascendência psicopática dos alcoolistas. No que diz respeito à maneira de como é usado o t

  4. A method for strategic technical life cycle management of real estates

    OpenAIRE

    Koskelo, Taina

    2005-01-01

    This research study focuses on the strategic technical life cycle management (TLCM) of real estate. In the early phases of the study it became clear that very often the performance of TLCM was not perceived as satisfactory: there were problems in the purchasing and provision of technical services, TLCM was not performed according to real estate specific needs and objective-setting for building characteristics did not serve cost-effective ownership. The study focuses on four research quest...

  5. Recognising Revenue from the Construction of Real Estate in Financial Statements of Developers in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Renata DYLAG; Malgorzata KUCHARCZYK

    2011-01-01

    The core business of real estate developers is performance long term developer contracts (directly or by subcontractors), that include constructing and selling residential and non-residential real estates. The characteristic feature of such contracts is the construction of properties that are generally financed by the principal over the whole project, by way of contractually agreed advances, and then – after the investment process has been completed – the ownership right is transferred to the...

  6. The Effects of the Federal Estate Tax on Nonindustrial Private Landowners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamara Cushing; Steve Bullard; John Greene; Ted Beauvias

    1998-01-01

    The federal estate tax is designed to tax the accumulation and transfer of wealth. Between 1987 and 1997, the estate tax was as high as 55% of assets above $600,000. Timber and land values have increased significantly in many areas of the U.S. in recent years, and in some circumstances heirs liquidate timber, or sell or develop portions of inherited timber and...

  7. The Application of Japanese Candlestick Charting on the Residential Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gdakowicz Anna

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market is regarded as a part of the capital market. Just as they invest in securities, investors allocate their funds in real estate, hoping to make a sound profit. There are many tools that support the process of investing on the stock exchange, such as a technical analysis. There are also proven methods that help predict future prices of assets on the basis of their historic quotations.

  8. The Challenges for Real Estate Mass Valuation and Taxation System for the Economic Stabilization of Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Barvika, S; Rausis, A; Geipele, I

    2012-01-01

    The real estate tax policy, as well as a massive reform in the real estate mass valuation was among major reforms of the Latvian government in the financial crisis management plan. These reforms were supported by the International Monetary Fund and European Commission. One of the directions for economic recovery suggested by the lenders to Latvia was a reform of taxation system including reviewing of stagnated real property tax principles. This reform met total critici...

  9. Morphological Characteristics and Somatic Incompatibility of Ganoderma from Infected Oil Palm from Three Inland Estates

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    Latiffah, Z.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphological characteristics of Ganoderma basidiomata from infected oil palms from three inland estates showed some variations, but all fall within the description of G. boninense, based on Steyaert s classification system (1967, 1975. Pairings of G. boninense isolates from the same estate showed that there was somatic incompatibility among the isolates which indicated that the isolates were distinct individuals and not clones of single genotypes.

  10. Industrial Estates and the Environment: A Study of Water Pollution in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Le Quang Thong; Nguyen Anh Ngoc

    2004-01-01

    In Vietnam, as in many other rapidly-developing countries in Southeast Asia, industrial estates have sprung up to provide the infrastructure that factories need. Such estates can reduce the environmental impact of the industries they support, by providing central wastewater pollution control facilities. Since there are economies of scale in wastewater treatment, sharing common facilities should reduce costs. Unfortunately, wastewater treatment is often not practised and Vietnam is currently e...

  11. Asset Allocation and Diversification by Real Estate Sector Within a Portfolio: Two Australian Case Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Mike Wallace

    1992-01-01

    The research results presented in this paper are a subset of a more extensive investigation of asset allocation and investment diversification in a pooled or mixed asset portfolio including bonds, equities and real estate in real property form, and listed and unlisted property trusts as they are termed in Australia. Australian property trusts are analogous to Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) in the United States. This empirical research study is exploratory in nature, and concentrates sp...

  12. Positive Solutions for Fractional Differential Equations from Real Estate Asset Securitization via New Fixed Point Theorem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Tao

    2012-01-01

    analysis of real estate asset securitization by using the generalized fixed point theorem for weakly contractive mappings in partially ordered sets. Based on the analysis for the existence and uniqueness of the solution and scientific numerical calculation of the solution, in further study, some optimization schemes for traditional risk control process will be obtained, and then the main results of this paper can be applied to the forefront of research of real estate asset securitization.

  13. Impact of systemic risk in the real estate sector on banking return.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shouwei; Pan, Qing; He, Jianmin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we measure systemic risk in the real estate sector based on contingent claims analysis, and then investigate its impact on banking return. Based on the data in China, we find that systemic risk in the real estate sector has a negative effect on banking return, but this effect is temporary; banking risk aversion and implicit interest expense have considerable impact on banking return.

  14. Dynamics in the global protected-area estate since 2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Edward; MacSharry, Brian; Juffe-Bignoli, Diego; Harris, Nyeema; Burrows, Georgina; Kingston, Naomi; Burgess, Neil D

    2017-11-23

    Nations of the world have committed to a number of goals and targets to address the global environmental challenges humanity faces. Protected areas have for centuries been a key strategy in conservation and play a major role in addressing current challenges. The most important tool used to track progress on protected area commitments is the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Periodic assessments of the world's protected area estate show steady growth over the last two decades. However, the current method, which uses the latest version of the WDPA, does not show the true dynamic nature of protected areas over time, nor does it provide information on sites removed from the WDPA. In reality, this methodology can only show growth or remain stable. This paper presents a novel approach to assess protected area change over time using twelve temporally distinct versions of the WDPA that quantify area added, and removed, from the WDPA annually from 2004 to 2016. Results show that both the narrative of continual protected area growth and the counter-narrative of protected area removal are overly simplistic. The former because growth has been almost entirely marine and the latter because we demonstrate that some areas removed are re-protected in later years. Analysis indicates that, on average, 2.5 million km 2 is added to the WDPA annually and 1.1 million km 2 is removed. Reasons for the inclusion and removal of protected areas in the WDPA database are explored and discussed. To meet the 17% land coverage component of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 by 2020, which stands at 14.7% in 2016, the world will either need to reduce the rate of protected area removal or increase the rate of protected area designation and addition to the WDPA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  15. Prefabricated house in real estate business development in Jabodetabek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumilang Raksamala Basmara Putra, Raka; Susanto, Dalhar

    2017-12-01

    could have a chance to be accepted in real estate commercial market in Indonesia especially in Jabodetabek.

  16. Determinants of Funds Demand and Supply; Deepening Finance Access of Real Estate Investment in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lkhagvasuren Togtokhbuyan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This huge gap between financing needs and the available financing capacity represents major constraints to growth opportunities in business financing, and accords with one of requirements strategy of stimulating real sector financing by mobilizing cheap long term saving. Real estate investment is a capital intensive venture and this implies that firms venturing into this sector need to have a strong capital structure to sustain development. There is high competition amongst the real developers in quest for funds from formal and informal sources to meet their financial needs. Many real Estate firms are experiencing a credit fix. In the recent move by the Peoples Bank of China to clamp down lending in the real estate sector; the People’s bank of China tightened monetary policy by raising interest rates which in effect lead to increased cost of capital. The central government has also encouraged banks to adopt slow lending to real estate projects. According to the People's Bank of China (PBOC, the increase in cumulative loans related to housing projects totaled ¥1.3 trillion ($198 billion in 2011, down 38 percent from 2010, and new loans to the property sector comprised 17.5 percent of total loans in 2011, down from 27 percent in 2010.The remaining prudent alternative is innovation for exploitation of other means of acquiring funds for real estate venture. Real estate investors need to deepen and broaden their options of financing their activities to avoid credit squeeze.

  17. 26 CFR 1.528-1 - Homeowners associations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Homeowners Associations § 1.528-1 Homeowners associations. (a) In general... condominiums or horizontal property regimes. (c) Residential real estate management association. Residential...

  18. Estatística Ciência Interdisciplinar, Actas do XIV Congresso Anual da Sociedade Portuguesa de Estatística

    OpenAIRE

    Braumann, Carlos A.

    2007-01-01

    Book of invited conferences and accepted refereed papers submitted to the Procedings of the XIV Congresso Anual da Soceidade Portuguesa de Estatística (Covilhã, Portugal, 2006). The Editors were M. E. Ferrão, C. Nunes and C. A. Braumann.

  19. Demographic Changes and Real Estate Values. A Quantitative Model for Analyzing the Urban-Rural Linkages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Bencardino

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Vast metropolitan areas include both urban areas and rural outskirts. Between these areas, there are strong links to the point which they cannot be examined separately. There is a contemporary presence of residential function and working activity in the rural outskirts, as well as in the typical sector of agriculture. Therefore, the production of goods and services for the city requires a combined analysis, due to the large territory which it has to consider. The evolution of the population of such a large territory can be studied in great detail, with reference to the single census area and with the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS. This means that such a demographic development produces an effect on the values of the urban real estate. This work demonstrates the existing interconnections between urban areas and rural outskirts. Data collection on trends of the population living in the Naples metropolitan area and the house prices associated with this area, and the post spatial processing of such data, allows for the establishment of thematic maps according to which a model capable of interpreting the population development is defined. A study of the statistical correlations shows the consequences that the population dynamics produce for property prices. In addition, the diachronic analysis of the sales prices of residential buildings demonstrates that economic functions, exclusive of certain urban or rural territories, end up distributing and integrating.

  20. Real Estate for the Ageing Society – the Perspective of a New Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazak Jan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, one of the key challenges on a global scale is the issue of an ageing society. The UN predicts that the number of people aged 60 and over will double by 2050 and treble by 2100. In the coming years, the demand for real estate that addresses the specific needs of older people will increase both qualitatively and quantitatively. Therefore, two main questions arise: What are the architectural features of real estate required to accommodate for the needs of an ageing society? Which European Union countries seem to have the highest and lowest potential to create a segment of the real estate market focused on older people? This paper contains a research overview in the field of the built environment for older people and case studies of different policies established by public authorities from past decades. The potential for real estate for an ageing society in EU countries was determined on the basis of variables collected by the UNECE. The results also enable assumptions to be made on which factors may influence future development in this area. Due to global climate changes combined with the urbanization process and resulting deterioration of air quality, heat island effect or poor accessibility to open areas, the ageing society will have to face the problem of adapting to these new conditions. Therefore, the authors assume that this will have a significant impact on the relocation of this age group on the real estate market in the future. The conclusions of the research contribute to general discussion on new trends in the real estate market and the assessment of future investments in real estate.

  1. Adding Value by Hospital Real Estate: An Exploration of Dutch Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Zwart, Johan; van der Voordt, Theo J M

    2016-01-01

    To explore how hospital real estate can add value to the healthcare organization, which values are prioritized in practice, and why. Dutch healthcare organizations are self-responsible for the costs and benefits of their accommodation. Meanwhile, a lively debate is going on about possible added values of corporate and public real estate in the fields of corporate real estate management and facility management. This article connects both worlds and compares insights from literature with experiences from practice. Added values extracted from literature have been discussed with 15 chief executive officers and project leaders of recently newly built hospitals in the Netherlands. Interviewees were asked (1) which values are included in the design and management of their hospital and why, (2) to prioritize most important values from a list of nine predefined values, and (3) to explain how the chosen real estate decisions are supposed to support organizational objectives. Stimulating innovation, user satisfaction, and improving organizational culture are most highly valued, followed by improving productivity, reducing building costs, and creating building flexibility. Image, risk control, and financing possibilities got lower rankings. The findings have been used to develop a value-impact matrix that connects nine values to various stakeholders and possible interventions. The findings and the value-impact matrix can make different stakeholders aware of many possible added values of hospital real estate, potential synergy and conflicts between different values, and how to steer on value add in different phases of the life cycle. © The Author(s) 2015.

  2. Building healthy communities: establishing health and wellness metrics for use within the real estate industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trowbridge, Matthew J; Pickell, Sarah Gauche; Pyke, Christopher R; Jutte, Douglas P

    2014-11-01

    It is increasingly well recognized that the design and operation of the communities in which people live, work, learn, and play significantly influence their health. However, within the real estate industry, the health impacts of transportation, community development, and other construction projects, both positive and negative, continue to operate largely as economic externalities: unmeasured, unregulated, and for the most part unconsidered. This lack of transparency limits communities' ability to efficiently advocate for real estate investment that best promotes their health and well-being. It also limits market incentives for innovation within the real estate industry by making it more difficult for developers that successfully target health behaviors and outcomes in their projects to differentiate themselves competitively. In this article we outline the need for actionable, community-relevant, practical, and valuable metrics jointly developed by the health care and real estate sectors to better evaluate and optimize the "performance" of real estate development projects from a population health perspective. Potential templates for implementation, including the successful introduction of sustainability metrics by the green building movement, and preliminary data from selected case-study projects are also discussed. Project HOPE—The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.

  3. RISK AND RETURN IN THE REAL ESTATE, BOND AND STOCK MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolski Rafał

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies investigating the relation between risk and return occupy an important place in the discussion about the effectiveness of investing in real estate. A review of the available studies shows that real estate investments are less profitable than stocks, but in terms of risk and return, are usually the best option. This worldwide regularity may not necessarily be presented in Poland, as the Polish market is not fully fledged yet. The analysis presented in this article was performed with a view to reducing a research gap resulting from the lack of comprehensive Polish studies in this field. In the article, data spanning the years from 2006 to 2016 are examined by means of descriptive statistics, measures of risk, and the analysis of variance (ANOVA to determine which of the following investment vehicles - bonds, real estate or stocks - offer the best risk-return ratio. The article has two parts. The analytical part is a review of studies on risk measurement methods and of earlier studies investigating risk and return by a class of assets (particularly real estate. In the empirical part, assets are compared with the use of statistical methods. The results of the risk-return analysis point to the money market as the best option for investors. Stocks and real estate ranked second and third, respectively.

  4. Analysis of China's real estate prices and macroeconomy based on evolutionary co-spectral method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Li

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper investigates the dynamic interaction between the real estate market and the macroeconomic environment of China by use of dynamic coherence function based on co-spectral analysis. Design/methodology/approach: Through a theoretical perspective, the dynamic interrelationship among economic variables at different time intervals (both long and short terms is analyzed. Findings: The empirical results show that China’s real estate market features a high coherence with the change of the long-term interest rate, employment rate and money supply, while there is a moderate coherence between the real estate market and the inflation rate and economic growth rate, and the coherence between the short-term rate of interest and the real estate market is the lowest. Research implications: Previous researches have some shortcomings. They do not consider the dependence between nonlinear series, but the latter is crucial to avoid the deviation of results. In this paper, we proposed a new method of experience to overcome these shortcomings. Originality/value: The paper provides a reasonable explanation accordingly to different coherences between the real estate market and the macroeconomic variables.

  5. What added value do Estate Agents offer compared to FSBO transaction? Explanation from a perceived advantages model

    OpenAIRE

    Larceneux, Fabrice; Lefebvre, Thomas; Simon, Arnaud

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims at explaining the determinants of using an estate agent vs. conducting a private sale on the French housing market. From a survey that collected 4,142 responses relating to effective completed transactions, the results show that the decision of whether to use an estate agent is not explained by the physical or spatial features of the property or socio-demographic variables. But by buyers’ and sellers’ heterogeneous perceptions of whether it is worthwhile to use estate agents, ...

  6. Evaluation of factors leading to formation of price-bubbles in the real estate market of Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audrius Dzikevičius

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, real estate market has been discussed more frequently in the framework of economic analysis. The global economic crisis of 2008 has demonstrated the severity of financial shock that can be caused by inconsiderate investments in the real estate market. The present article analyses business cycles and the phenomenon of a price-bubble in that context. Drawing on the analysis of reference literature we identify the main reasons that can lead to fluctuations of prices in the real estate market. Finally, drawing on correlation and regression analysis we determine which factors have the strongest influence on the Lithuanian real estate market.

  7. Real economic activity and accounting information in Spanish construction and real estate firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Navarro-García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to determine whether the accounting information provided by construction and real estate firms in Spain reflects the real economic activity, during upswings and downturns. A relationship is found between economic conditions and financial reporting in a continental European country such as Spain. Although there is a relationship between real housing price growth and financial accounting measures, real estate companies seem to show an artificial position, since they only present a relationship with Return on Assets (ROA based on low quality income (accruals. Therefore, a different financial position influences a different behaviour in these two similar sectors. In fact, some signs alerting of possible risk in real estate firms are shown.

  8. An Evaluation of Industrial Facilities Defects in Selected Industrial Estates in Lagos State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oseghale, G.E.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study appraised the state of industrial facilities in selected industrial estates established between 1957 and 1981 in Lagos State by examining the nature and causes of facilities’ defects in the selected industrial estates. The buildings sampled were load bearing sandcrete block wall (1%, concrete framed structure (83% and steel framed structure (16%. Data were sourced using structured questionnaire administered on the staff of maintenance department of 35 building materials and plastic manufacturing industries purposively selected and located in 18 industrial estates. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistic. The study found the structural elements of the buildings, i.e. foundations, beams, walls, and floors satisfactory. Using the mean response analysis, the result showed that the most severe factors responsible for industrial facilities’ defects were combined effects of geo-climatic factors (2.35, combined effects of biological agencies (2.15, corrosion (1.98, and physical aggression on the facilities (1.71.

  9. The Real estate market: types of property and criteria for appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Breglia

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The increasing interest on the part of institutional investors in the yield potential of real estate assets highlights the importance of effective criteria for evaluation. Each segment of real estate needs its own appraisal procedure, which is determined according to the intended use of the property: residential, tertiary/offices, special use property. Special use properties are characterised by their individual nature, their particular intended use. They include university buildings, hospitals and barracks. These are all segments which are impossible to assess using criteria based on comparable sales or income capitalisation. Institutional investors are now particularly interested in asset divestment by the State and public bodies. The low level of risk of this kind of investment is likely to be particularly attractive to institutional players and could represent a good opportunity to revive the real estate market.

  10. Repensar el derecho de la contratación estatal desde la competencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Barreto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El libro La contratación estatal y el derecho de la competencia de la Unión Europea aborda las relaciones existentes entre estas dos ramas del derecho. Plantea herramientas metodológicas nuevas, propias del derecho de la competencia, para aproximarse a la contratación estatal y analiza la normativa vigente en la Unión Europea con base en estas. A partir de ese análisis el autor recomienda replantear el derecho de la contratación estatal para hacerlo más pro competitivo. Entre sus múltiples aciertos se puede resaltar la utilización del Análisis Económico del Derecho como herramienta para emprender su estudio y elaborar sus recomendaciones.

  11. Análise estatística de impedância da pele

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Sheila Maria Quintanilha de Morais e

    2011-01-01

    Neste trabalho analisamos a distribuição estatística de bioimpedância de pele. Focamos o estudo sobre duas amostragens: a estatística da impedância de vários pontos na pele em um único indivíduo e a estatística de um lugar específico da pele em uma população. Os dados de impedância de pele foram obtidos da literatura (Pearson, 2007). A combinação dos resultados do teste de Shapiro-Wilk e do Teste de Assimetria confirmam que os dados em uma população são melhores modelados por u...

  12. Por uma “história das estatísticas brasileiras”

    OpenAIRE

    Senra, Nelson de Castro

    2014-01-01

    O IBGE, entre 2006 e 2009, editou os quatro volumes da coleção “História das Estatísticas Brasileiras”, cobrindo o período de 1822 a 2002. Seguia, com essa iniciativa, uma tendência internacional, o surgimento, em modo contínuo e sistemático, das pesquisas sócio-históricas das estatísticas. As estatísticas são mostradas em diferentes modos, sendo associadas à formação dos estados, e das sociedades, ora com foco nos estados nacionais, ora em foco com espaços internacionais, quando congressos e...

  13. Implications of Asymmetric Information in the Real Estate Crisis in US

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Christina SUCIU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis is now a common reality in most parts of the world, being translated in mass unemployment, collapse of the social system and an impressive number of bankruptcies. The paper focuses on the beginning of the recession in the American real estate sector by analyzing the implications of imperfect information and moral hazard as main factors that contributed to the deterioration of real estate market and also to accentuating the overall poor economic situation. In that context, asymmetric information served the interests of banks and other institutional speculators who made use of it in order to increase their profitability through market manipulation. The central aspect the paper underlines is the international contamination created by disguising toxic real estate actives and spreading them throughout the global economy through transactions with foreign business partners.

  14. REAL ESTATE CRISIS. CAUSES, EFFECTS, MEASURES TO IMPROVE. THE ROMANIAN CASE

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    CHEPTEA MADALINA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting 2008 Romania faced one of the deepest financial, economical, socio-political crises. It all started with the decline of the real estate market. Very accessible bank loans, real estate evaluators that in their majority used to double or triple the value of properties, the insatiable wish of each and every Romanian to own one or more properties without considering the long term consequences, banks’ risk departments that completely ignored risk, all those were the perfect recipe for a disaster. This research paper is an approach in creating the big picture of the Romanian real estate market and the attached domains, the role it played in the national economic crises, and also the social impact banks’ behaviour had on the population layers.

  15. Macroeconomic control, political costs and earnings management: Evidence from Chinese listed real estate companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donghua Chen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Firms in China have faced high political costs during China’s economic transition, because they are affected by macroeconomic policies. However, research to date has offered no consistent conclusions on the relationship between political costs and earnings management in China. This study tests whether real estate firms attempt to decrease earnings during periods of macroeconomic control, using variables related to the national real estate market as proxies for political costs. We find that political costs are negatively related to earnings management in listed real estate firms. In addition, we find that non-state-owned enterprises utilized more income-decreasing accruals during this period. Our results are consistent with the political costs hypothesis.

  16. 20th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, Sheng; Luo, Jiaojiao; Wang, Wei; Mo, Zhibin; Shan, Liping

    2017-01-01

    These conference proceedings offer an outstanding resource for academics and professionals, sharing essential findings on the latest developments in real estate and construction management. The subject is “Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate” in the context of new-type urbanization. The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management (CRIOCM), working in close collaboration with Zhejiang University, organized CRIOCM2015, the 20th International Symposium. Written by academics and professionals from all over the world, these proceedings discuss the latest achievements, research outputs and advances between frontier disciplines in the field of construction management and real estate. They cover a wide range of topics, including new-type urbanization, land development and land use, urban development and management, the real estate market and housing policies. The discussions will provide an important reference source on the implementation of new-type urbanization in China and abroad.

  17. Emerging Issues in Real Estate Appraisal: Market Premium for Building Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Enrico Massimo

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In international and metropolitan real estate markets, it has been detected, for the first time, the growing relevance of green buildings with respect to non-green building. Also, it has been singled out and then quantified through regression analysis a green premium, i.e. a differential in terms of price toward sold real estate units having ecological characteristics along with an energy value (more efficient behavior. The incipient international studies recommend to extend the analysis to unexplored middle-size non-metropolitan (marginal real estate markets. One of this areas has been studied detecting the first sale of an apartment with energy certification belonging to class B in a building with ecological characteristics. The assessment analysis performed through Market Comparison Approach, MCA, made it possible to detect and then appraise the green premium that is in line with the outcomes of the first and pioneer international studies performed in metropolitan areas.

  18. Experiments to Enhance Public Real Estate in Italy: the Case of the FIP Fund

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    Andrea Ciaramella

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The Italian State’s real estate is involved in a boundary definition process which is still in progress. The experiments in process and the comparison between Public Administration and private operators often focus the debate on issues which relate to the financial instruments or the company vehicles which may be adopted. However, no enhancement is possible in the absence of an approach aimed at a precise knowledge of the characteristics of every individual building. The article summarizes the experiment of the most important public contribution investment fund achieved in Italy (Public Real Estate Investment Fund and demonstrates the complex technical and managerial activity necessary to regularise the real estate and which is indispensable for making the management company’s objectives feasible.

  19. de inducción ante fallas estatóricas

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    Fernando Villada Duque

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se estudia el comportamiento de motores de inducción ante fallos progresivos en su aislamiento estatórico. Los motores objeto de este estudio son sometidos a fallos controlados, con incrementos graduales en el nivel de cortocircuito entre espiras del estator y mediante la medición de la señal de vibración mecánica, la señal de corriente eléctrica por fase del estator y la señal del flujo axial de dispersión, se procede a tabular e identificar las componentes armónicas que presentaron las mayores variaciones en su amplitud.

  20. Are Housing Markets Decoupled? A Case Study of Residential Real Estate Affordability in Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian PHILIPP

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Real estate arguably forms the most important asset to most households and the basis for their wealth. Around this context a model has been set up testing the relative affordability of real estate for the median household in Austria and the consequences of lower borrowing costs between 2004 and 2013 by vintage year. In this paper the hypothesis that the significant decline in base interest rates is not sufficient to offset the relative affordability loss caused by declining net household incomes and the simultaneous increase of real estate prices. To test this hypothesis a model has been set up comparing two different Housing Affordability Indices – one including and one excluding financing effects, having been compared via a multi factor model. Based on this calculation the author finds decreased base interest rates to offset relative affordability losses by only approximately 50%, verifying the hypothesis. The paper therefore argues for a potential decoupling of the residential housing market in Austria.

  1. A fuzzy measure of the ability of a real estate capital to increase in value. The real estate decision problem for Ortigia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Rosa Trovato

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The valorization processes of real estate capital are strongly influenced by the ability of the different buildings to capture and incorporate some liquidity flows, this capacity, is closely related to the dynamics of the market, of its segments and the single building. The study proposes in this regard, a new methodology, warranting a continuity process with some traditional economic and evaluation approach, using some new tools, such as the developed rough set  by the Operations Research for other issues, but, in this case, that have an instrumental role for the identification of the capacity to increase in value of a real estate capital and to propose a fuzzy measure of this capacity. The study case is that of the market of Ortigia, the historic center of Syracuse.

  2. Managerial competences as a strategic element in the decision-making of Real Estate Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Fecchio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A real estate plan works when is a part of a wider project which regards the society needs in a certain place. To know where to invest and the risk/performance profile, it is necessary to know the profit and loss profile of the building in the future, in addition to building costs. A correct real estate valuation does not exist if upstream a deep knowledge of real estate, financial, statistical, investors’ psychology (science or knowledge cycles, as well as an experience of years do not exist, which allows to acquire sensibility even towards unpredictable events. The dynamic real estate management is the necessary tool to increase the recurring revenue, the capital gain, to improve cash, decrease risks. The real estate manager, consisting in a team with integrated skills, with “on field” experience, with business logical knowledge, with roots on territory, able to share the business risk, with knowledge of public administrations’ procedures and complexity, is able to support the real estate investor in the development procedure. The evolution of the decision process must follow the trend that since 2009 has seen the overcoming of redevelopment projects compared to new building projects, with higher costs and complexity, but more sustainable from the environmental and space rationalization point of view. Redevelopment processes will be framed in complex territorial development projects, with guarantees of transparency of administrative processes and times, in order to attract international funds, that today are prevented to operate due to great uncertainty of the administrative process management in Italy.

  3. Comments on the sub-group reports of the EU Technical Expert Working Group on the revision of Directive 86/609/EEC on the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combes, Robert; Balls, Michael

    2007-03-01

    A critical analysis is presented of the reports produced by four Technical Expert Working Group Sub-groups (SGs) on Ethical Review, Cost-Benefit, Authorisation and Scope, which were published on the EC website (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/ia_info_en.htm), as part of the European Commission (EC)s review of EU Directive 86/609 EEC. This is in addition to our official response to the internet consultation questionnaire, submitted to the Commission on behalf of FRAME. Whilst the respective SG reports were extensive and detailed, we have identified several shortcomings, and in particular, a frequent lack of consensus among the SG members, resulting in a lack of clear guidance for the EC on what the revised Directive should contain, with reference to a number of crucial issues. Such indecisiveness could lead to wide discrepancies in the approaches of the EC, the European Parliament and the EU Member States concerning many issues of importance to animal welfare and the implementation of alternatives to animal experiments. These concerns range from logistical issues, such as requirements for named officers in authorised establishments, and the recording and publishing of statistics on animal use, to ethical and scientific problems, including the use of non-human primates, local ethical review, and education and training on the essential link between the Three Rs concept and best scientific practice. In each case, the basis for our concerns is explained, and suggestions for improvements to be incorporated into the revised Directive are made, in the hope that the harmonisation of approaches to laboratory animal experimentation and the use of alternative methods in the Member States can be maximised.

  4. Sub-group Analyses from a Trial of a Fixed Combination of Clindamycin Phosphate 1.2% and Benzoyl Peroxide 3.75% Gel for the Treatment of Moderate-to-severe Acne Vulgaris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korotzer, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Background: Acne vulgaris is commonplace and can be difficult to manage. Providing an effective and well-tolerated treatment may lead to improved adherence, increased patient satisfaction, and improved clinical outcomes. Methods: A review of efficacy, safety, and cutaneous tolerability of clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel in 498 patients with moderate-to-severe acne vulgaris enrolled in a multicenter Phase III study randomized to receive active or vehicle once daily for 12 weeks, including the most recent post-hoc analyses. Results: Significantly superior reductions in lesion counts were observed with clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel from Week 4, with median percent reductions in inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions from baseline of 68.4 and 57.9 percent, respectively (bothpacne vulgaris patients treated with clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel achieved ≥2-grade improvement from baseline in their Evaluator’s Global Severity Score, and almost a third of the adolescent acne vulgaris patients (32.4%) achieved at least a marked improvement in their acne vulgaris as early as Week 2. In adult female acne overall treatments success was achieved in 52.7 percent of patients treated with clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel. Overall, and in the specific subpopulations, clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel was well-tolerated with a similar adverse event profile to vehicle. Limitations: Post-hoc analyses from a single clinical trial with demographic imbalances that could potentially confound the results. Conclusion: Clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel appears to be effective in treating acne across various clinically relevant sub-groups. PMID:26705445

  5. The Impact of Staging Olympic Games on Real Estate Price in Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Tang Xuebing; Yao Yongling

    2012-01-01

    The price of the real estate in many cities of China has been rising up rapidly since a couple of years ago. Particularly, the increasing period is coinciding with the period of economic rising in Beijing. Therefore, many people thank that the higher price is mostly made by holding Olympic Game in 2008. In order to separate Olympic factor and non-Olympic factors, which were supposed to impact the price of real estate in Beijing, Differences-in-Differences (DD) method will be adopted in this p...

  6. ¿Matronato? Gestiones maternales de protección estatal

    OpenAIRE

    Lugones, María Gabriela

    2018-01-01

    Resumen A partir de investigaciones en torno de una gestión estatal de minoridades, la del Fuero Prevencional de Menores de la ciudad argentina de Córdoba, en este artículo se piensan dichas actuaciones judiciales –observadas etnográficamente a principios del siglo XXI– en tanto gestiones maternales. Esto implica no circunscribirse a parámetros legales, y reconocer la correlación entre los modos de ejercicio de poder minorizante de esa administración estatal con las formas que acostumbramos a...

  7. Can Free Entry be Inefficient? Fixed Commissions and Social Waste in the Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Chang-Tai Hsieh; Enrico Moretti

    2002-01-01

    Real estate agents in the US typically charge a 6 percent commission, regardless of the price of the house sold. As a consequence, the commission fee from selling a house will differ dramatically across cities depending on the average price of housing, although the effort necessary to match buyers and sellers may not be that different. We use a simple economic model and cross-city data to measure the effect of the fixed commission rate on market entry by real-estate agents. We show that if th...

  8. Estimating the Effect of Location Externalities on Real Estate Values Using the Delphi Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boaz Barzilay

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Delphi method is a method of collecting and structuring knowledge from a group of experts using a questionnaire combined with a controlled opinion feedback. The present paper reviews the main principles of the Delphi method, and attempts to validate its results using data obtained by standard econometric techniques of real estate appraisal, such as the hedonic price method. As we argue, the Delphi method may become a useful tool for real estate appraisal for unique cases, such as small communities with relatively few housing sales and transitional economies characterized by developing property markets.

  9. Real Estate Investment as a Panacea for Economic Instability in Nigeria: Evidence from Northeastern States of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Umar Bello

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investment is an emerging business in many countries of the world. Real estate investment was thoroughly investigated to come up with solution faced by the transaction of land and building. Real estate investment is strictly related to the housing price. It has been pointed out by many researchers that the housing price is affected by many factors, such as interest rate, land supply, government policies and inflation rate. The research highlighted most important aspects of the outcomes. An increase in international real estate capital flows could foster increasing demand for stronger institutions across a global real estate market. The method adopted in this research was quantitative through which 100 questionnaires were developed and distributed within the study area (Bauchi, Gombe, Adamawa and Yobe States. The simple percentage was used to analyzed the data collected. The research is exploratory in nature; hence, a non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for the study. The finding of the research vindicated that real estate investment has a significant role in sharpening the economy of the region, and also the findings revealed that real estate investment opportunity is huge. And again for suggested that housing provision cannot be realized only by private individual excerpts through government intervention. The study concludes that real estate investment, if explore it will create a reliable return to the investment owners, the benefits that can be derived from real estate investment, has been revealed by this study. The study also highlighted that private developers are key important for real estate investment in Nigeria. The conclusion drawn by this research shows that real estate investment has a capacity of transforming economic hardship in the country.

  10. 77 FR 32625 - William J. Stevenson, Estate of Lynn E. Stevenson, Black Canyon Bliss, LLC; Notice of Application...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Project No. 8866-010] William J. Stevenson, Estate of Lynn E. Stevenson, Black Canyon Bliss, LLC; Notice of Application for Transfer of License, and Soliciting Comments and Motions To Intervene On April 23, 2012, William J. Stevenson, Estate...

  11. 76 FR 6488 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate--Good Neighbor Next Door Program AGENCY... and HUD in implementing the Good Neighbor Next Door program. The respondents are purchasers of HUD... Lists the Following Information Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Good Neighbor Next Door...

  12. Towards a decision support tool for real estate management in the health sector using real options and scenario planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Reedt Dortland, Maartje; Voordijk, Johannes T.; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – Uncertainties affecting health organizations inevitably influence real estate decisions since real estate is required to facilitate the primary health process. The purpose of this study is to develop a decision support tool that supports health organisations in defining what flexibility

  13. 26 CFR 1.691(c)-1 - Deduction for estate tax attributable to income in respect of a decedent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the date of his death to a fee for services rendered in a case not completed at the time of his death... this amount is $23,700 from which is subtracted a $75 credit for State death taxes leaving an estate...,200 was collected by X's son, who was the sole beneficiary of the estate. This amount was included...

  14. 25 CFR 179.5 - What documents will BIA use to record termination of a life estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... certificate with the BIA Land Title and Records Office for recording upon receipt of one of the following: (a) The life estate holder's relinquishment of an interest in trust or restricted property; or (b) Notice of death of a person who is the measuring life for the life estate in trust or restricted property. ...

  15. 43 CFR 30.126 - What happens if property was omitted from the inventory of the estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the inventory of the estate? 30.126 Section 30.126 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Judicial Authority and Duties § 30.126 What happens if property was omitted from the inventory of the estate? This section applies when, after issuance of a...

  16. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program AGENCY: Office of... information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program. OMB Control Number, if... of an agency of government to act as the local government's agent to purchase Dollar Homes...

  17. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year. 1.858-1 Section 1.858-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1...

  18. Integrated Real Estate Registration and Chinese NSDI to Strengthen the Government Spatial Data Management : Spatial Enablement in the Smart Homeland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chengfeng, Luo; Minghui, Hao; Crompvoets, Joep; van Loenen, B.

    2016-01-01

    The China Government enacted the Provisional Regulations on Real Estate Registration (RER) in July 2015. These regulations were in full operation from the beginning of 2016. In this context, real estate refers to land, sea, houses, trees and other fixed objects which have spatial distribution and

  19. 32 CFR 256.9 - Real estate interests to be considered for clear zones and accident potential zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate interests to be considered for clear zones and accident potential zone. 256.9 Section 256.9 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued....9 Real estate interests to be considered for clear zones and accident potential zone. (a) The right...

  20. 75 FR 62412 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5380-N-36] Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor Next Door Program AGENCY: Office... information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor Next Door Program. OMB Control Number, if...

  1. 78 FR 57873 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales Contract and Addendums

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5687-N-36] 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums AGENCY: Office of the Assistant... Information Collection Title of Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums...

  2. 78 FR 66040 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales Contract and Addendums

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5683-N-91] 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums AGENCY: Office of the Chief... published a 30 day notice of proposed information collection entitled HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales Contract...

  3. 78 FR 70957 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate Good Neighbor Next Door...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5687-N-46] 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate Good Neighbor Next Door Program AGENCY: Office of the Assistant... in Section A. A. Overview of Information Collection Title of Information Collection: HUD Real Estate...

  4. 78 FR 64145 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales Contract and Addendums

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5683-N-91] 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums AGENCY: Office of the Chief... Collection Title of Information Collection: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums. OMB Approval...

  5. 76 FR 5819 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5480-N-10] Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program AGENCY: Office of...-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program. OMB approval number: 2502-0569. Form Numbers: None...

  6. 26 CFR 1.1445-8 - Special rules regarding publicly traded partnerships, publicly traded trusts and real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... partnerships, publicly traded trusts and real estate investment trusts (REITs). 1.1445-8 Section 1.1445-8... estates upon the disposition of U.S. real property interests. Except as otherwise provided in this... Bonds § 1.1445-8 Special rules regarding publicly traded partnerships, publicly traded trusts and real...

  7. 26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section 2039 (c) and (e)? A-1: (a) Yes. Section 245 of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion... Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES...

  8. Corporate real estate mirrors brand: a conceptual framework and practical applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khanna, C.; van der Voordt, Theo; Koppels, P.W.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show how international companies (can) use real estate as a means to reinforce corporate identity and to express brand values in order to evoke a positive image in today’s competitive world.
    Design/methodology/approach – The paper relies on a review of

  9. Adding value by health care real estate : parameters, priorities, and interventions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voordt, Theo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose - Because of the transition of the Dutch health care sector from a governmentally steered domain towards regulated market forces, health care organisations have become fully responsible for their real estate. This paper aims to explore if/how Dutch health care organisations adopt the

  10. 26 CFR 20.2102-1 - Estates of nonresidents not citizens; credits against tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... taxes in any State. State Z's inheritance tax actually paid with respect to the real property in State Z... subject to death taxes in any State. States X and Y both imposed inheritance taxes. State X has, in addition to its inheritance tax, an estate tax equal to the amount by which the maximum State death tax...

  11. 31 CFR 353.60 - Payment to representative of an estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment to representative of an estate. 353.60 Section 353.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... appointed by a court, other proof of qualification. Except in the case of corporate fiduciaries, the...

  12. 31 CFR 360.60 - Payment to representative of an estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment to representative of an estate. 360.60 Section 360.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... court, other proof of qualification. (2) Except in the case of corporate fiduciaries, the evidence must...

  13. 26 CFR 1.642(h)-2 - Excess deductions on termination of an estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... trust. 1.642(h)-2 Section 1.642(h)-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries § 1.642(h)-2...)) in excess of gross income, the excess is allowed under section 642(h)(2) as a deduction to the...

  14. Educational Civil Experiment--A Story of a Particular Radical Housing Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matysek-Imielinska, Magdalena

    2016-01-01

    In the 1920s,in the environment of emerging brutal capitalism, exclusion and ghetto benches, on the initiative of avant-garde architects from the Praesens group and Polish socialists built a housing estate in Zoliborz, the ambition of which was to teach people how to dwell. Soon it turned out that the founders of the housing cooperative were, as…

  15. Residents' reflection on tenure in security estates in South Africa | le ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In recent years fear of crime has become an important motivation for South African families to move into security estates rather than residing in free standing homes in open neighbourhoods. Those who can afford housing in security developments not only provide their families with a sense of security and safety, but also ...

  16. Real Estate Market Trends and the Displacement of the Aged: Examination of the Linkages in Manhattan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singelakis, Andrew Thomas

    1990-01-01

    Analyzed real estate market trends of low-income area of Manhattan which revealed increases in residential property values. Results revealed a depletion of over one-half of the single-room-occupancy stock. A survey of seniors (n=115) indicated a population at risk of displacement and vulnerable to homelessness. (Author/ABL)

  17. 32 CFR 552.16 - Real estate claims founded upon contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... services. (2) Damages founded upon express or implied contract. (3) Permanent or recurring damages to real... founded on express or legally implied provisions of an existing written contract, and if liability and the... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real estate claims founded upon contract. 552.16...

  18. "Suicide Heights": Council Estates as Sites of Entrapment and Resistance in "Hello Mum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toplu, Sebnem

    2014-01-01

    Council estates have been contestable social spaces of contemporary urban life in metropolitan cities like London and the marginalizing spatial experience they provide for the "working class" has been a problematic topic for many disciplines like architecture, sociology, psychology and literature. Considering the significance of space…

  19. 76 FR 32882 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury... proposed regulations modifying the new markets tax credit program to facilitate and encourage investments... claiming the new markets tax credit and businesses in low-income communities relying on the program. This...

  20. 76 FR 39343 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG-101826-11] RIN 1545-BK04 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS... Tuesday, June 7, 2011 (76 FR 32882) modifying the new markets tax credit program to facilitate and...

  1. 76 FR 77454 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Hearing Cancellation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG-128224-06] RIN 1545-BF80 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Hearing Cancellation AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Cancellation of notice of public hearing on proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY...

  2. 77 FR 59544 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION... communities. The final regulations affect taxpayers claiming the new markets tax credit and businesses in low... 45D(a)(1), a taxpayer may claim a new markets tax credit on certain credit allowance dates described...

  3. Exempt Organizations and Real Estate Syndications After the Tax Reform Act of 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaherty, Susan L.

    1985-01-01

    The Tax Reform Act of 1984 has sharply limited the tax advantages for private investors to enter into real estate sales/leaseback agreements with exempt organizations. The impact the Tax Reform Act of 1984 has on sales/leaseback agreements involving tax-exempt organizations is examined. (Author/MLW)

  4. “Suicide Heights”: Council Estates As Sites Of Entrapment And Resistance In Hello Mum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebnem Toplu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Council estates have been contestable social spaces of contemporary urban life in metropolitan cities like London and the marginalizing spatial experience they provide for the “working class” has been a problematic topic for many disciplines like architecture, sociology, psychology and literature. Considering the significance of space for the body in literary works, this essay analyses the black British woman writer Bernardine Evaristo’s fifth work, Hello Mum, a short-fiction, which revolves primarily around a fourteen-year-old black teenager Jerome’s tragic experience in a council estate in London. In this essay, scrutinizing Bernardine Evaristo’s novella Hello Mum and inhabiting a council estate as a challenging spatial experience, I suggest the teenager victim Jerome’s narrative reveals a kind of physical and psychological entrapment and resistance to the dominant ideology of the council estates, offers an alternative perception for the black people who are obliged to live in such marginalized places.

  5. Aligning corporate real estate with the corporate strategies of higher education institutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theo van der Voordt; Geert Dewulf; Ronald Beckers

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how corporate real estate (CRE) managers of higher education institutions formulate their CRE strategies and CRE operating decisions to align CRE with the corporate strategies of these institutions. Design/methodology/approach – An analytical

  6. Aligning corporate real estate with the corporate strategies of higher education institutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beckers, R; van der Voordt, Theo; Dewulf, G

    2015-01-01

    Purpose
    The purpose of this paper is to explore how corporate real estate (CRE) managers of higher education institutions formulate their CRE strategies and CRE operating decisions to align CRE with the corporate strategies of these institutions.

    Design/methodology/approach
    An

  7. 26 CFR 1.58-6 - Regulated investment companies; real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Regulated investment companies; real estate investment trusts. 1.58-6 Section 1.58-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Tax Preference Regulations § 1.58-6 Regulated investment companies; real...

  8. 20 CFR 404.1082 - Rentals from real estate; material participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rentals from real estate; material participation. 404.1082 Section 404.1082 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE..., stairways, and lobbies and the collection of trash, as services provided to the occupant. Example: A owns a...

  9. Real Estate in an ALM Framework - The Case of Fair Value Accounting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Brounen (Dirk); M. Porras Prado (Melissa); M.J.C.M. Verbeek (Marno)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThis study examines the liability hedging characteristic of both direct and indirect real estate, in the advent of fair value accounting obligations for pension funds. We explicitly model pension obligations as being subject to interest and inflation risk to analyze the ability of real

  10. Property in insolvent estates – Edkins V registrar of deeds, Fourie V ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The question of the ownership of property which vests (by virtue of sections 20(1) and 21(1) respectively of the Insolvency Act 24 of 1936) in the Master and, upon appointment, in the trustee of the insolvent estate, has been the source of academic debate and conflicting court judgments over a lengthy period. It was thought ...

  11. Estimation of pollution load from an industrial estate, south-western ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ETIM

    air pollutants (SO2, NO2, CO, VOC and PM), 10800 tons/yr of wastewater pollutants (BOD and TSS) and. 1090 tons/yr of toxic pollution (air, land and water) were released into the environment from the industrial estate. Carbon monoxide accounted for the highest air pollution load representing 57.5%. About 64.0% of the ...

  12. Application based on ArcObject inquiry and Google maps demonstration to real estate database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, JinTsong

    2007-06-01

    Real estate industry in Taiwan has been flourishing in recent years. To acquire various and abundant information of real estate for sale is the same goal for the consumers and the brokerages. Therefore, before looking at the property, it is important to get all pertinent information possible. Not only this beneficial for the real estate agent as they can provide the sellers with the most information, thereby solidifying the interest of the buyer, but may also save time and the cost of manpower were something out of place. Most of the brokerage sites are aware of utilizes Internet as form of media for publicity however; the contents are limited to specific property itself and the functions of query are mostly just provided searching by condition. This paper proposes a query interface on website which gives function of zone query by spatial analysis for non-GIS users, developing a user-friendly interface with ArcObject in VB6, and query by condition. The inquiry results can show on the web page which is embedded functions of Google Maps and the UrMap API on it. In addition, the demonstration of inquiry results will give the multimedia present way which includes hyperlink to Google Earth with surrounding of the property, the Virtual Reality scene of house, panorama of interior of building and so on. Therefore, the website provides extra spatial solution for query and demonstration abundant information of real estate in two-dimensional and three-dimensional types of view.

  13. 78 FR 46805 - Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [TD 9626] RIN 1545-BI84 Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment Trusts [REITs] AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Final regulations. SUMMARY: This document...

  14. 77 FR 22516 - Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 [REG-139991-08] RIN 1545-BI84 Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment Trusts [REITs] AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY...

  15. 76 FR 32880 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... proceeds is affiliated with the primary CDE or the qualified equity investment investors; and (iii) the... be a non-profit entity or the affiliate of a non-profit entity? B. Encouraging Equity Investments in... Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS...

  16. The University as a Real Estate Developer--A New Role for an Old Institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sensbach, Werner

    1989-01-01

    The history of higher education's attitudes toward and involvement in real estate is chronicled, and the University of Virginia's recent confrontation of these issues is explained. The university's planning process included employing a consulting firm that recommended policy and regional cooperative efforts. Results to date are described. (MSE)

  17. Facilities management and corporate real estate management : FM/CREM or FREM?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voordt, Theo

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore similarities and dissimilarities between facilities management (FM) and corporate real estate management (CREM) regarding its history and key issues, and whether the similarities may result in a further integration of FM and CREM. Design/methodology/approach:

  18. 12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... policy and set limits for real estate loans by type and geographic market (e.g., limits on higher risk... procedures, including documentation, disbursement, collateral inspection, collection, and loan review... expertise and size of the lending staff. • The need to avoid undue concentrations of risk. • Compliance with...

  19. Growing the Greater Campus: The Use of Institutionally Related Foundations in Real Estate Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Kevin G.; Malone, Jason B.

    2015-01-01

    Public colleges and universities have long turned to institutionally related foundations ("IRFs") to raise private support and manage endowments and other financial assets. From the start, however, IRFs have also served as vehicles enabling public institutions to engage in real estate transactions and related entrepreneurial ventures…

  20. Adding value by hospital real estate: An exploration of Dutch practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zwart, J; van der Voordt, Theo

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To explore how hospital real estate can add value to the health care organisation , which values are prioritized in practice, and why.
    Background: Dutch healthcare organisations are self-responsible for the costs and benefits of their accommodation. Meanwhile, a lively debate is