Sample records for sub-bandgap luminescence centers

  1. Luminescence in Conjugated Molecular Materials under Sub-bandgap Excitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    So, Franky [University of Florida


    Light emission in semiconductors occurs when they are under optical and electrical excitation with energy larger than the bandgap energy. In some low-dimensional semiconductor heterostructure systems, this thermodynamic limit can be violated due to radiative Auger recombination (AR), a process in which the sub-bandgap energy released from a recombined electron-hole pair is transferred to a third particle leading to radiative band-to-band recombination.1 Thus far, photoluminescence up-conversion phenomenon has been observed in some low dimensional semiconductor systems, and the effect is very weak and it can only be observed at low temperatures. Recently, we discovered that efficient electroluminescence in poly[2-methoxy-5-(2’-ethylhexyloxy)-1, phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) polymer light-emitting devices (PLEDs) at drive voltages below its bandgap voltage could be observed when a ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) electron injection layer was inserted between the polymer and the aluminum electrode. Specifically, emitted photons with energy of 2.13 eV can be detected at operating voltages as low as 1.2 V at room temperature. Based on these data, we propose that the sub-bandgap turn-on in the MEH-PPV device is due to an Auger-assisted energy up-conversion process. The significance of this discovery is three-fold. First, radiative recombination occurs at operating voltages below the thermodynamic bandgap voltage. This process can significantly reduce the device operating voltage. For example, the current density of the device with the ZnO NC layer is almost two orders of magnitude higher than that of the device without the NC layer. Second, a reactive metal is no longer needed for the cathode. Third, this electroluminescence up-conversion process can be applied to inorganic semiconductors systems as well and their operation voltages of inorganic LEDs can be reduced to about half of the bandgap energy. Based on our initial data, we propose that the sub-bandgap turn-on in MEH

  2. Probing luminescence centers in Na rich feldspar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Amit Kumar; Lapp, Torben; Kook, Myung Ho


    In contrast to the detailed investigations on the dosimetric electron trap in feldspar only little has been done to understand the luminescence centers. We use a comparison of multiple spectroscopic techniques, site selective photoluminescence spectroscopy and time resolved measurements to further...

  3. Probing luminescence centers in Na rich feldspar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Amit Kumar; Lapp, Torben; Kook, Myung Ho


    In contrast to the detailed investigations on the dosimetric electron trap in feldspar only little has been done to understand the luminescence centers. We use a comparison of multiple spectroscopic techniques, site selective photoluminescence spectroscopy and time resolved measurements to further...... our understanding of the luminescence mechanisms and recombination sites, in a sample of Na rich plagioclase feldspar (oligoclase). Both the UV and violet–blue emissions show resonant excitations arising from a distribution of energy levels. We propose, contrary to the general understanding......, that the green emission may not arise from Mn2+ in our sample and that photoionisation of this centre may be possible by excitation to the band tail states. The deep red emission is tied to the Fe3+, and the exponential rise in the UV excitation efficiency of this centre is discussed in the context of the band...

  4. Bias dependence of sub-bandgap light detection for core-shell silicon nanowires. (United States)

    Zhou, Yuchun; Liu, Yu-hsin; Cheng, James; Lo, Yu-Hwa


    We experimentally demonstrate a vertically arrayed silicon nanowire-based device that exhibits voltage dependence of photoresponse to infrared sub-bandgap optical radiation. The device is fabricated using a proximity solid-state phosphorus diffusion method to convert the surface areas of highly boron-doped silicon nanowires into n-type, thus forming a radial core-shell p-n junction structure. Prominent photoresponse from such core-shell Si nanowires is observed under sub-bandgap illumination at 1310 nm. The strong bias dependence of the photoresponse and other device characteristics indicates that the sub-bandgap absorption is attributed to the intrinsic properties of core-shell Si nanowires rather than the surface states. The attractive characteristics are based on three physical mechanisms: the Franz-Keldysh effect, quasi-quantum confinement effect, and the impurity-state assisted photon absorption. The first two effects enhance carrier tunneling probability, rendering a stronger wave function overlap to facilitate sub-bandgap absorption. The last effect relaxes the k-selection rule by involving the localized impurity states, thus removing the limit imposed by the indirect bandgap nature of Si. The presented device uses single-crystal silicon and holds promise of fabricating nanophotonic systems in a fully complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) compatible process. The concept and approach can be applied to silicon and other materials to significantly extend the operable wavelength regime beyond the constraint of energy bandgap.

  5. Semi-transparent polymer solar cells with excellent sub-bandgap transmission for third generation photovoltaics

    KAUST Repository

    Beiley, Zach M.


    Semi-transparent organic photovoltaics are of interest for a variety of photovoltaic applications, including solar windows and hybrid tandem photovoltaics. The figure shows a photograph of our semi-transparent solar cell, which has a power conversion efficiency of 5.0%, with an above bandgap transmission of 34% and a sub-bandgap transmission of 81%. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Open-circuit voltage deficit, radiative sub-bandgap states, and prospects in quantum dot solar cells. (United States)

    Chuang, Chia-Hao Marcus; Maurano, Andrea; Brandt, Riley E; Hwang, Gyu Weon; Jean, Joel; Buonassisi, Tonio; Bulović, Vladimir; Bawendi, Moungi G


    Quantum dot photovoltaics (QDPV) offer the potential for low-cost solar cells. To develop strategies for continued improvement in QDPVs, a better understanding of the factors that limit their performance is essential. Here, we study carrier recombination processes that limit the power conversion efficiency of PbS QDPVs. We demonstrate the presence of radiative sub-bandgap states and sub-bandgap state filling in operating devices by using photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL) spectroscopy. These sub-bandgap states are most likely the origin of the high open-circuit-voltage (VOC) deficit and relatively limited carrier collection that have thus far been observed in QDPVs. Combining these results with our perspectives on recent progress in QDPV, we conclude that eliminating sub-bandgap states in PbS QD films has the potential to show a greater gain than may be attainable by optimization of interfaces between QDs and other materials. We suggest possible future directions that could guide the design of high-performance QDPVs.

  7. Slow-light effect in a silicon photonic crystal waveguide as a sub-bandgap photodiode. (United States)

    Terada, Yosuke; Miyasaka, Kenji; Ito, Hiroyuki; Baba, Toshihiko


    We demonstrate a Si sub-bandgap photodiode in a photonic crystal slow-light waveguide that operates at telecom wavelengths and can be fabricated using a Ge-free, standard Si-photonics CMOS process. In photodiodes based on absorption via mid-bandgap states, the slow-light enhancement enables performance that is well balanced among high responsivity, low dark current, high speed, wide working spectrum, and CMOS-process compatibility, all of which are otherwise difficult to achieve simultaneously. Owing to the slow-light effect and supplemental gain at a high reverse bias, the photodiode shows a responsivity of 0.15  A/W with a low dark current of 40 nA, which is attributed to no particular processes such as ion implantation and excess exposure of the Si surface. The maximum responsivity was 0.36  A/W. The modest gain allows for sufficient frequency bandwidth to observe an eye opening at up to 30  Gb/s.

  8. Free electron concentration dependent sub-bandgap optical absorption characterization of bulk GaN crystals (United States)

    Pimputkar, S.; Suihkonen, S.; Imade, M.; Mori, Y.; Speck, J. S.; Nakamura, S.


    Optical transmission measurements were performed on high quality bulk gallium nitride (GaN) crystals grown by sodium flux, hydride vapor phase epitaxy, and the ammonothermal method with varying free electron concentrations ranging from 4×1016 cm-3 to 9×1018 cm-3. The quality of the crystals was analyzed by x-ray diffraction, threading dislocation density determination, impurity concentrations, and Hall mobility measurements. The sub-bandgap absorption coefficient and index of refraction was determined based on illumination wavelengths ranging from 360 nm to 800 nm. Phonon-assisted free carrier absorption was determined to be the dominant absorption mechanism above approximately 0.1 cm-1. The absorption coefficient at 450 nm varied linearly from 0.1 cm-1 to 5 cm-1 for free electron concentrations ranging from 1×1017 cm-3 to 9×1018 cm-3. The ammonothermal GaN samples exhibited a strong defect related onset of absorption above 2.9 eV which can be explained by the presence of appreciable hydrogenated gallium vacancies having defect states close to the valance band within the electric bandgap of GaN. The presence of hydrogenated gallium vacancies was experimentally confirmed by Fourier transform infrared absorbance measurements and double hydrogenated gallium vacancy defect are speculated to be prominent in ammonothermal GaN.

  9. Near-surface layer radiation color centers in lithium fluoride nanocrystals: Luminescence and composition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voitovich, A.P., E-mail:; Kalinov, V.S.; Stupak, A.P.; Novikov, A.N.; Runets, L.P.


    Lithium fluoride nanocrystals are irradiated by gamma quanta at 77 K. The radiation color centers formed in a near-surface layer of nanocrystals are studied. Absorption, luminescence and luminescence excitation spectra of the surface defects have been measured. It has been found that the luminescence excitation spectra for aggregated surface centers consist of two or three bands with not very much different intensities. Reactions of the surface centers separately with electrons and with anion vacancies have been investigated. Numbers of anion vacancies and electrons entering into the centers composition have been established and it has been found that F{sub S1}, F{sub S1}{sup −}, F{sub S2}, F{sub S2}{sup −}, F{sub S3}{sup +} and F{sub S3} types of the surface centers are formed. The degree of luminescence polarization has been defined and it has been determined that the polarization degree for F{sub S2}{sup +} centers changes sign under transition from one excitation band to another. It has been shown that during irradiation at 77 K radiation-induced defects are formed more efficiently on the surface than in the bulk. - Highlights: • Radiative color centers were fabricated in lithium fluoride nanocrystals. • The unique absorption and luminescence characteristics are inherent in the centers. • The reactions of these centers with electrons and anion vacancies were studied. • The degree of luminescence polarization was defined. • Numbers of anion vacancies and electrons forming the centers were established.

  10. Efficient Sub-Bandgap Light Absorption and Signal Amplification in Silicon Photodetectors (United States)

    Liu, Yu-Hsin

    This thesis focuses on two areas in silicon photodetectors, the first being enhancing the sub-bandgap light absorption of IR wavelenghts in silicon, and the second being intrinsic signal amplification in silicon photodetectors. Both of these are achieved using heavily doped p-n junction devices which create localized states that relax the k-selection rule of indirect bandgap material. The probability of transitions between impurity band and the conduction/valence band would be much more efficient than the one between band-to-band transition. The waveguide-coupled epitaxial p-n photodetector was demonstrated for 1310 nm wavelength detection. Incorporated with the Franz-Keldysh effect and the quasi-confined epitaxial layer design, an absorption coefficient around 10 cm-1 has been measured and internal quantum efficiency nearly 100% at -2.5V. The absorption coefficient is calculated from the wave function of the electron and hole in p-n diode. The heavily doped impurity wave function can be formulated as a delta function, and the quasi-confined conduction band energy states, and the wave function on each level can be obtained from the Silvaco software. The calculated theoretical absorption coefficient increases with the increasing applied bias and the doping concentration, which matches the experimental results. To solve the issues of large excess noise and high operation bias for avalanche photodiodes based on impact ionization, I presented a detector using the Cycling Excitation Process (CEP) for signal amplification. This can be realized in a heavily doped and highly compensated Si p-n junction, showing ultra high gain about 3000 at very low bias (<4 V), and possessing an intrinsic, phonon-mediated regulation process to keep the device stable without any quenching device required in today's Geiger-mode avalanche detectors. The CEP can be formulated with the rate equations in conduction bands and impurity states. The gain expression, which is a function of the

  11. Distribution of D1 dislocation luminescence centers in Si+-implanted silicon and the photoluminescence model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergeyi N. Nagornykh


    Full Text Available Using step-by-step removal of silicon layers, in which dislocation-related photoluminescence is observed after Si+ (100 keV, 1·1015 cm−2 ion implantation followed by high-temperature annealing in a chlorine containing atmosphere, it has been found that a majority of dislocation-related centers of luminescence at ~1.5 μm (D1 line is localized at the depths of Si+ ion ranges. Cross-sectional electron microscopy shows that the dislocations introduced by the implantation treatment (implantation plus annealing penetrate to depths of ~1 μm. A phenomenological model of the D1-line dislocation-related luminescence is developed based on the assumption that the K-centers and modified A-centers located in the atmospheres of dislocations are responsible for this luminescence line. The temperature dependence of luminescence intensity calculated on the basis of the model fits well the experimental data for the D1 line.

  12. Lanthanide-Functionalized Metal-Organic Framework Hybrid Systems To Create Multiple Luminescent Centers for Chemical Sensing. (United States)

    Yan, Bing


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) possess an important advantage over other candidate classes for chemosensory materials because of their exceptional structural tunability and properties. Luminescent sensing using MOFs is a simple, intuitive, and convenient method to recognize species, but the method has limitations, such as insufficient chemical selectivity and signal loss. MOFs contain versatile building blocks (linkers or ligands) with special chemical reactivity, and postsynthetic modification (PSM) provides an opportunity to exploit and expand their unique properties. The linkers in most MOFs contain aromatic subunits that can readily display luminescence after ultraviolet or visible (typically blue) excitation, and this is the main luminescent nature of most MOFs. The introduction of photoactive lanthanide ions (Ln 3+ ) into the MOF hosts may produce new luminescent signals at different positions from that of the MOF linker, but this depends on the intramolecular energy transfer (antenna effect) from the MOF (linkers) to the Ln 3+ ions. Controlling the Ln 3+ content in MOF hybrids may create multiple luminescent centers. The nature of the unique luminescent centers may cause different responses to sensing species (i.e., ratiometric sensing), which may provide a new opportunity for luminescence research with applications to chemical sensing. In this Account, recent research progress on using lanthanide-functionalized MOF hybrid materials to create multiple luminescent centers for chemical sensing is described. Here we propose a general strategy to functionalize MOF hosts with lanthanide ions, compounds, or other luminescent species (organic dyes or carbon dots) and to assemble types of photofunctional hybrid systems based on lanthanide-functionalized MOFs. Five main methods were used to functionalize the MOFs and assemble the hybrid materials: in situ composition, ionic doping, ionic exchange, covalent PSM, and coordinated PSM. Through the lanthanide

  13. Sub-bandgap response of graphene/SiC Schottky emitter bipolar phototransistor examined by scanning photocurrent microscopy (United States)

    Barker, Bobby G., Jr.; Chava, Venkata Surya N.; Daniels, Kevin M.; Chandrashekhar, M. V. S.; Greytak, Andrew B.


    Graphene layers grown epitaxially on SiC substrates are attractive for a variety of sensing and optoelectronic applications because the graphene acts as a transparent, conductive, and chemically responsive layer that is mated to a wide-bandgap semiconductor with large breakdown voltage. Recent advances in control of epitaxial growth and doping of SiC epilayers have increased the range of electronic device architectures that are accessible with this system. In particular, a recently-introduced Schottky-emitter bipolar phototransistor (SEPT) based on an epitaxial graphene (EG) emitter grown on a p-SiC base epilayer has been found to exhibit a maximum common emitter current gain of 113 and a UV responsivity of 7.1 A W‑1. The behavior of this device, formed on an n +-SiC substrate that serves as the collector, was attributed to a very large minority carrier injection efficiency at the EG/p-SiC Schottky contact. This large minority carrier injection efficiency is in turn related to the large built-in potential found at a EG/p-SiC Schottky junction. The high performance of this device makes it critically important to analyze the sub bandgap visible response of the device, which provides information on impurity states and polytype inclusions in the crystal. Here, we employ scanning photocurrent microscopy (SPCM) with sub-bandgap light as well as a variety of other techniques to clearly demonstrate a localized response based on the graphene transparent electrode and an approximately 1000-fold difference in responsivity between 365 nm and 444 nm excitation. A stacking fault propagating from the substrate/epilayer interface, assigned as a single layer of the 8H-SiC polytype within the 4H-SiC matrix, is found to locally increase the photocurrent substantially. The discovery of this polytype heterojunction opens the potential for further development of heteropolytype devices based on the SEPT architecture.

  14. Probing defect states in polycrystalline GaN grown on Si(111) by sub-bandgap laser-excited scanning tunneling spectroscopy (United States)

    Hsiao, F.-M.; Schnedler, M.; Portz, V.; Huang, Y.-C.; Huang, B.-C.; Shih, M.-C.; Chang, C.-W.; Tu, L.-W.; Eisele, H.; Dunin-Borkowski, R. E.; Ebert, Ph.; Chiu, Y.-P.


    We demonstrate the potential of sub-bandgap laser-excited cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to investigate the presence of defect states in semiconductors. The characterization method is illustrated on GaN layers grown on Si(111) substrates without intentional buffer layers. According to high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy, the GaN layers consist of nanoscale wurtzite and zincblende crystallites with varying crystal orientations and hence contain high defect state densities. In order to discriminate between band-to-band excitation and defect state excitations, we use sub-bandgap laser excitation. We probe a clear increase in the tunnel current at positive sample voltages during sub-bandgap laser illumination for the GaN layer with high defect density, but no effect is found for high quality GaN epitaxial layers. This demonstrates the excitation of free charge carriers at defect states. Thus, sub-bandgap laser-excited scanning tunneling spectroscopy is a powerful complimentary characterization tool for defect states.

  15. Centers of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped TlCl and CsI crystals. (United States)

    Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G; Dianov, E M


    A comparative first-principles study of possible bismuth-related centers in TlCl and CsI crystals is performed and the results of computer modeling are compared with the experimental data. The calculated spectral properties of the bismuth centers suggest that the IR luminescence in TlCl:Bi is most likely caused by Bi(+)···V(Cl)(-) centers (Bi(+) ion in thallium site and a negatively charged chlorine vacancy in the nearest anion site). On the contrary, Bi(+) substitutional ions and Bi(2)(+) dimers are most likely responsible for the IR luminescence in CsI:Bi.

  16. Luminescence and excited state dynamics of Bi{sup 3+} centers in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babin, V. [Institute of Physics AS CR, Cukrovarnicka 10, 16200 Prague (Czech Republic); Chernenko, K., E-mail: [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Ravila 14c, 50411 Tartu (Estonia); Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University, Polytekhnicheskaya 29, 195251 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Lipińska, L. [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wólczyńska 133, 01919 Warsaw (Poland); Mihokova, E.; Nikl, M. [Institute of Physics AS CR, Cukrovarnicka 10, 16200 Prague (Czech Republic); Schulman, L.S. [Physics Department, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699-5820 (United States); Shalapska, T. [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Ravila 14c, 50411 Tartu (Estonia); Suchocki, A. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of Physics, University of Bydgoszcz, Weyssenhoffa 11, 85072 Bydgoszcz (Poland); Zazubovich, S. [Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Ravila 14c, 50411 Tartu (Estonia); Zhydachevskii, Ya. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Lviv Polytechnic National University, Bandera 12, 79646 Lviv (Ukraine)


    Photoluminescence of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Bi nanopowder synthesized by the modified sol–gel method is studied using time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy in the 4.2–300 K temperature range. Bi{sup 3+} ions are substituted for Y{sup 3+} ions in two different crystal lattice sites, one having S{sub 6} symmetry (Bi(S{sub 6})) and the other C{sub 2} symmetry (Bi(C{sub 2})). The luminescence characteristics of these two centers are found to have strongly different electron–phonon interactions. The luminescence of Bi(S{sub 6}) and Bi(C{sub 2}) centers peak at 3.04 eV and 2.41 eV, respectively, and arise from the radiative decay of the triplet relaxed excited state (RES) of Bi{sup 3+} ions. The model and structure of the RES, responsible for the luminescence of Bi(S{sub 6}) and Bi(C{sub 2}) centers in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Bi, as well as radiative and nonradiative processes, taking place in the excited states of these centers, are investigated. The parameters of the triplet RES (the separation between the metastable and radiative levels and probabilities of radiative and nonradiative transitions from these levels) are determined. Low-temperature quenching of the triplet luminescence of these centers is explained by nonradiative quantum tunneling transitions from the metastable minima of their triplet RES to closely located defect- or exciton-related levels. - Highlights: • Photoluminescence of Bi{sup 3+} centers of two types in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Bi is investigated. • Bi(S{sub 6}) and Bi(C{sub 2}) centers reveal strongly different electron–phonon interaction. • Radiative and nonradiative processes in their triplet excited states are clarified. • Low-temperature luminescence quenching in Bi(S{sub 6}) and Bi(C{sub 2}) centers is studied. • New fast weak ≈2.9 eV emission is suggested to arise from Bi(C{sub 2}) centers.

  17. Detection of effective recombination centers in fluorescent SiC using thermally stimulated luminescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wei, Yi; Künecke, Ulrike; Wellmann, Peter

    Two n-type 6H fluorescent SiC (f-SiC) samples have been characterized using thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) spectroscopy, where the dominant carriers recombination regime has been found via the numerical simulations....

  18. The manifestation of optical centers in UV-Vis absorption and luminescence spectra of white blood human cells (United States)

    Terent'yeva, Yu G.; Yashchuk, V. M.; Zaika, L. A.; Snitserova, O. M.; Losytsky, M. Yu


    A white blood human cells spectral investigation is presented. The aim of this series of experiments was to obtain and analyze the absorption and luminescence (fluorescence and phosphorescence) spectra at room temperature and at 78 K of newly isolated white blood human cells and their organelles. As a result the optical centers and possible biochemical components that form the studied spectra where identified. Also the differences between the spectra of abnormal cells (B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia BCLL) and normal ones were studied for the whole cells and individual organelles.

  19. Effect of Injection Layer Sub-Bandgap States on Electron Injection in Organic Light-Emitting Diodes. (United States)

    Hinzmann, Carsten; Magen, Osnat; Hofstetter, Yvonne J; Hopkinson, Paul E; Tessler, Nir; Vaynzof, Yana


    It is generally considered that the injection of charges into an active layer of an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is solely determined by the energetic injection barrier formed at the device interfaces. Here, we demonstrate that the density of surface states of the electron-injecting ZnO layer has a profound effect on both the charge injection and the overall performance of the OLED device. Introducing a dopant into ZnO reduces both the energy depth and density of surface states without altering the position of the energy levels-thus, the magnitude of the injection barrier formed at the organic/ZnO interface remains unchanged. Changes observed in the density of surface states result in an improved electron injection and enhanced luminescence of the device. We implemented a numerical simulation, modeling the effects of energetics and the density of surface states on the electron injection, demonstrating that both contributions should be considered when choosing the appropriate injection layer.

  20. 100-period InGaAsP/InGaP superlattice solar cell with sub-bandgap quantum efficiency approaching 80%

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sayed, Islam E. H.; Jain, Nikhil; Steiner, Myles A.; Geisz, John F.; Bedair, S. M.


    InGaAsP/InGaP quantum well (QW) structures are promising materials for next generation photovoltaic devices because of their tunable bandgap (1.50-1.80 eV) and being aluminum-free. However, the strain-balance limitations have previously limited light absorption in the QW region and constrained the external quantum efficiency (EQE) values beyond the In0.49Ga0.51P band-edge to less than 25%. In this work, we show that implementing a hundred period lattice matched InGaAsP/InGaP superlattice solar cell with more than 65% absorbing InGaAsP well resulted in more than 2x improvement in EQE values than previously reported strain balanced approaches. In addition, processing the devices with a rear optical reflector resulted in strong Fabry-Perot resonance oscillations and the EQE values were highly improved in the vicinity of these peaks, resulting in a short circuit current improvement of 10% relative to devices with a rear optical filter. These enhancements have resulted in an InGaAsP/InGaP superlattice solar cell with improved peak sub-bandgap EQE values exceeding 75% at 700 nm, an improvement in the short circuit current of 26% relative to standard InGaP devices, and an enhanced bandgap-voltage offset (Woc) of 0.4 V.

  1. 3d-4f Metal-Organic Framework with Dual Luminescent Centers That Efficiently Discriminates the Isomer and Homologues of Small Organic Molecules. (United States)

    Zeng, Guang; Xing, Shanghua; Wang, Xiuru; Yang, Yulin; Ma, Dingxuan; Liang, Hongwei; Gao, Lu; Hua, Jia; Li, Guanghua; Shi, Zhan; Feng, Shouhua


    A 3d-4f luminescent metal-organic framework (MOF), [Tb2(Cu8I8)(C12H8NO2)6(H2O)4]·5C4H8O2 (4), and three analogues {[La2(Cu8I8)(C12H8NO2)6(C4H8O2)2(H2O)2]·3C4H8O2·2H2O (1), [Ce2(Cu8I8)(C12H8NO2)6(H2O)4]·5C4H8O2 (2), and [Eu2(Cu8I8)(C12H8NO2)6(H2O)4]·5C4H8O2 (3)}, were self-assembled from copper(I) halide clusters and lanthanide metal ions with an organic linker [3-(pyridin-4-yl)benzoic acid] under solvothermal conditions. Compound 4 with high quantum yield (Φ = 68%) exhibits reversible luminescence behavior, accompanying the removal and recovery of guest molecules (1,4-dioxane). Because of the unique porous structure and dual luminescent centers of compound 4, it can efficiently differentiate benzene series with different sizes and provide readouts in corresponding optical signals. Furthermore, it also can unambiguously discriminate the isomers, homologues, and other small molecules with similar structural motifs from one another. The luminescent color of the MOF sensor in different guest solvents has obvious changes that can be clearly distinguished by the naked eye. This multicolor luminescence originates from emissions of the dual luminescent centers, and the emissions have shifted, enhanced, weakened, or quenched to different degrees.

  2. Study of multicomponent fluoro-phosphate based glasses: Ho3+ as a luminescence center (United States)

    Babu, S.; Seshadri, M.; Balakrishna, A.; Reddy Prasad, V.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.


    The multicomponent 49.5P2O5-10AlF3-10BaF2-10SrF2-10PbO-10M (M=Li2O, Na2O, K2O, ZnO and Bi2O3) glasses doped with 0.5 mol% holmium were prepared by melt quenching technique. Their thermal behavior was examined from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is found that bismuth fluoro-phosphate glass matrix has good thermal stability. Their structures were characterized by the X-ray diffraction with SEM analysis, fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. It was found that the phosphate network of these glasses was composed mainly of Q2 and Q3 phosphate tetrahedral units. The Judd-Ofelt parameters (J-O) (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6) were evaluated from the intensities of the energy levels through optical absorption spectra. The most intense transitions are observed in the visible region of the spectrum. It is observed that the transition 5I8→5G6 is the hypersensitive transition for Ho3+ ion. With these J-O parameters, various radiative properties like the probabilities of radiative transitions, radiative lifetimes and branching ratios have been calculated for different fluoro-phosphate glasses. The luminescence kinetics from excited holmium levels have been studied upon selective excitation through photoluminescence measurements. Holmium produces two visible laser emissions i.e. one is green (5F4(5S2)→5I8) and another one is red (5F5→5I8). The lifetimes of these levels have been experimentally determined through decay profile studies. The above results suggest that the prepared bismuth fluoro-phosphate glass system could be a suitable candidate for using it as a green laser source (5F4(5S2)→5I8) in the visible region of the spectrum.

  3. Identification of yellow luminescence centers in Be-doped GaN through pressure-dependent studies (United States)

    Teisseyre, Henryk; Lyons, John L.; Kaminska, Agata; Jankowski, Dawid; Jarosz, Dawid; Boćkowski, Michał; Suchocki, Andrzej; Van de Walle, Chris G.


    Effective acceptor doping of wide-band-gap semiconductors is still an outstanding problem. Beryllium has been suggested as a shallow acceptor in GaN, but despite sporadic announcements, Be-induced p-type doping has never been practically realized. Be-doped GaN possesses two luminescence bands; one at 3.38 eV and a second near 2.2 eV at an energy close to that of the parasitic yellow luminescence often found in undoped GaN crystals. We have performed high hydrostatic pressure studies of bulk, Be-doped gallium nitride crystals using the diamond anvil cell technique. We observed a splitting of the yellow luminescence line under hydrostatic pressure into two components, one which is strongly dependent on applied pressure and another whose pressure dependence is more modest. Together with hybrid functional calculations, we attribute the strongly-varying component to the beryllium-oxygen complex. The second component of the yellow luminescence possesses very similar pressure behavior to the yellow luminescence observed in undoped samples grown by the same method, behavior which we find consistent with the CN acceptor. At higher pressure, we observe the vanishing of yellow luminescence and a rapid increase in luminescence intensity of the UV line. We explain this as the pressure-induced transformation of the Be-O complex from a highly localized state with large lattice relaxation to a delocalized state with limited lattice relaxation.

  4. Study of multicomponent fluoro-phosphate based glasses: Ho{sup 3+} as a luminescence center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babu, S. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, 517502 Andhra Pradesh (India); Seshadri, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Campinas, UNICAMP, P.O. Box 6165, Campinas 13083-970 (Brazil); Balakrishna, A.; Reddy Prasad, V. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, 517502 Andhra Pradesh (India); Ratnakaram, Y.C., E-mail: [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, 517502 Andhra Pradesh (India)


    The multicomponent 49.5P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–10AlF{sub 3}–10BaF{sub 2}–10SrF{sub 2}–10PbO–10M (M=Li{sub 2}O, Na{sub 2}O, K{sub 2}O, ZnO and Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}) glasses doped with 0.5 mol% holmium were prepared by melt quenching technique. Their thermal behavior was examined from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is found that bismuth fluoro-phosphate glass matrix has good thermal stability. Their structures were characterized by the X-ray diffraction with SEM analysis, fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. It was found that the phosphate network of these glasses was composed mainly of Q{sup 2} and Q{sup 3} phosphate tetrahedral units. The Judd–Ofelt parameters (J–O) (Ω{sub 2}, Ω{sub 4} and Ω{sub 6}) were evaluated from the intensities of the energy levels through optical absorption spectra. The most intense transitions are observed in the visible region of the spectrum. It is observed that the transition {sup 5}I{sub 8}→{sup 5}G{sub 6} is the hypersensitive transition for Ho{sup 3+} ion. With these J–O parameters, various radiative properties like the probabilities of radiative transitions, radiative lifetimes and branching ratios have been calculated for different fluoro-phosphate glasses. The luminescence kinetics from excited holmium levels have been studied upon selective excitation through photoluminescence measurements. Holmium produces two visible laser emissions i.e. one is green ({sup 5}F{sub 4}({sup 5}S{sub 2})→{sup 5}I{sub 8} ) and another one is red ({sup 5}F{sub 5}→{sup 5}I{sub 8}). The lifetimes of these levels have been experimentally determined through decay profile studies. The above results suggest that the prepared bismuth fluoro-phosphate glass system could be a suitable candidate for using it as a green laser source ({sup 5}F{sub 4}({sup 5}S{sub 2})→{sup 5}I{sub 8} ) in the visible region of the spectrum. - Highlights:

  5. Luminescence Instrumentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jain, Mayank; Bøtter-Jensen, Lars


    This chapter gives an introduction to instrumentation for stimulated luminescence studies, with special focus on luminescence dating using the natural dosimeters, quartz and feldspars. The chapter covers basic concepts in luminescence detection, and thermal and optical stimulation, and reference...... irradiation. It then briefly describes development of spectrometers in dating applications, and finally gives an overview of recent development in the field directly linked to novel instrumentation. Contents of Paper...

  6. Nature of inhomogeneities and luminescence centers in low-resistance Al-doped ZnS single crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morosova, N.K.; Filipova, V.A.; Galstyan, V.G.; Malyshev, A.A.; Muratova, V.I.


    The authors study low-resistance Al-doped ZnS single crytals and find that they exhibit a banding nonuniformity, which is explained by the nonuniform distribution of aluminum and oxygen impurities in them. The intense blue emission of the crystals is caused by the high-resistance layer, in which oxygen concentrates, while aluminum is completely bound to the oxygen. The emission is caused by the annihilation of localized excitons. The low-resistance layers with the weak blue luminescence are intercalations of oxygen-depleted Al-doped ZnS. ZnS crystals containing Al and O in equal concentrations are stable.

  7. luminescence properties

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    )-based phosphors which were synthesized by the conventional solid-state reaction method, their crystal structures and luminescence properties were investigated. X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) showed that phosphors sintered at 1000 ◦C for ...

  8. Modern luminescence spectroscopy of minerals and materials

    CERN Document Server

    Gaft, Michael; Panczer, Gerard


    Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials presents an overview of the general concepts in luminescence spectroscopy as well as experimental methods and their interpretation. Special emphasis is laid on the fluorescence lifetime and the determination of time-resolved spectra. This method enables the exposure of new luminescence in minerals previously hidden by more intensive centers. Specialists in the fields of solid state physics, chemistry and spectroscopy will find a wealth of new information in this unique book.

  9. A portable luminescence dating instrument

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kook, M.H.; Murray, A.S.; Lapp, Torben


    We describe a portable luminescence reader suitable for use in remote localities in the field. The instrument weighs about 8kg and is based around a 30mm bialkali photomultiplier detecting signals through a glass filter centered on 340nm. Stimulation is by 470nm blue LEDs (24W in total) operating...

  10. Feldspar, Infrared Stimulated Luminescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jain, Mayank


    This entry primarily concerns the characteristics and the origins of infrared-stimulated luminescence in feldspars.......This entry primarily concerns the characteristics and the origins of infrared-stimulated luminescence in feldspars....

  11. The deformation stimulated luminescence in KCl, KBr and KI crystals (United States)

    Shunkeyev, K.; Sergeyev, D.; Drozdowski, W.; Brylev, K.; Myasnikova, L.; Barmina, A.; Zhanturina, N.; Sagimbaeva, Sh; Aimaganbetova, Z.


    Currently, strengthening of the intensity of luminescence in alkali halide crystals (AHC) at lattice symmetry lowering is discussed as a promising direction for the development of scintillation detectors [1-3]. In this regard, for the study of anion excitons and radiation defects in the AHC anion sublattice at deformation, the crystals with the same sizes of cations and different sizes of anions were chosen. In the X-ray spectra of KCl at 10 K, the luminescence at 3.88 eV; 3.05 eV and 2.3 eV is clearly visible. The luminescence at 3.05 eV corresponds to the tunneling recharge [F*, H]. Luminescence at 3.88 eV is quenched in the region of thermal destruction of F‧-centers and characterizes tunneling recharge of F‧, VK-centers. In KCl at 90 K, the luminescence of self-trapped excitons (STE) is completely absent. In KBr at deformation not only STE luminescence, but also deformation stimulated luminescence at 3.58 eV were recorded, the last one corresponds to tunneling recharge of F‧, VK-centers. In KI crystal at 10 K and 90 K at deformation, only STE luminescence is enhanced. There are no deformation luminescence bands in KI compares with KBr and KCl crystals.

  12. Plasmon-enhanced optically stimulated luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guidelli, E. J.; Baffa, O. [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Departamento de Fisica, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Ramos, A. P., E-mail: [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Departamento de Quimica, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil)


    Full text: Optically Stimulated Luminescence dosimeters (OSLD) have been largely used for personal, medical, and industrial radiation dosimetry. Developing highly sensitive and small-sized radiation detectors and dosimeters is essential for improving spatial resolution and consequently diagnosis quality and treatment efficacy in the case of applications in radiodiagnosis and radiation therapy, for instance. Conventional methods to improve the OSLD sensitivity consist of doping and co-doping the host materials with atoms of other elements, thereby increasing the amount of trapping and/or luminescent centers. Our group is researching on the use of the plasmon properties of noble metal nanoparticles to increase OSL intensity. Upon incidence of a light beam with appropriate resonant wavelengths, the oscillation of the free electrons at the nanoparticle surface originates the Localized Surface Plasmons (LSP) and the consequent plasmon resonance band. The interaction between the LSP and the surrounding luminescent material leads to new optical properties largely employed for enhancing several luminescent processes. Here we will show our results regarding the use of LSP to increase OSLD sensitivity. The interaction between the traps/luminescent centers and the plasmons depends on the distance between them, on the plasmon resonance band intensity and position, as well as on the surrounding medium. Therefore, the plasmon-enhanced luminescence is a promising tool to develop more sensitive and miniaturized OSLD. (Author)

  13. Luminescent beam stop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryant, Diane; Morton, Simon A.


    This disclosure provides systems, methods, and apparatus related to beam stops. In one aspect, a device comprises a luminescent material, a beam stop plate, and an optical fiber. The luminescent material is a parallelepiped having a first side and a second side that are squares and having a third side that is a rectangle or a square. The first side and the second side are perpendicular to the third side. The beam stop plate is attached to the first side of the luminescent material. The optical fiber has a first end and a second end, with the first end of the optical fiber attached to the third side of the luminescent material.

  14. On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (I). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi 3+ and Bi 0 synproportionation (United States)

    Romanov, Alexey N.; Fattakhova, Zukhra T.; Zhigunov, Denis M.; Korchak, Vladimir N.; Sulimov, Vladimir B.


    Creation of bismuth-containing near-infrared (NIR) luminescent centers by synproportionation reaction of Bi 3+ and Bi 0 was demonstrated in borate and phosphate glasses. This finding is discussed in the light of low-valence nature of bismuth NIR-luminescent centers. The experimental data is consistent with the hypothesis of univalent Bi + (and, possible, subvalent cluster Bi ions) as a source of NIR luminescence. The dependence of Bi luminescent centers stability on oxoacidity of glass melts was discussed.

  15. Luminescence techniques: Instrumentation and methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.


    This paper describes techniques, instruments and methods used in luminescence dating and environmental dosimetry in many laboratories around the world. These techniques are based on two phenomena - thermally stimulated luminescence and optically stimulated luminescence. The most commonly used...... luminescence stimulation and detection techniques are reviewed and information is given on recent developments in instrument design and on the stale of the art in luminescence measurements and analysis. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved....

  16. Origin of dislocation luminescence centers and their reorganization in p-type silicon crystal subjected to plastic deformation and high temperature annealing. (United States)

    Pavlyk, Bohdan; Kushlyk, Markiyan; Slobodzyan, Dmytro


    Changes of the defect structure of silicon p-type crystal surface layer under the influence of plastic deformation and high temperature annealing in oxygen atmosphere were investigated by deep-level capacitance-modulation spectroscopy (DLCMS) and IR spectroscopy of molecules and atom vibrational levels. Special role of dislocations in the surface layer of silicon during the formation of its energy spectrum and rebuilding the defective structure was established. It is shown that the concentration of linear defects (N ≥ 104 cm-2) enriches surface layer with electrically active complexes (dislocation-oxygen, dislocation-vacancy, and dislocation-interstitial atoms of silicon) which are an effective radiative recombination centers.

  17. Ion irradiation effect of alumina and its luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, Yasushi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Naramoto, Hiroshi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma (Japan). Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment; My, N.T.


    The luminescence spectra of single crystalline alpha-alumina and ruby which has 0.02% of Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a impurity, induced by 200 keV He{sup +} and Ar{sup +} irradiation were measured at room temperature as a function of irradiation dose. The analysis of the measured spectra showed the existence of three main luminescence features in the wavelength region of 250 to 350 nm, namely anionic color centers, F-center at 411 nm and F{sup +}-center at 330 nm and a band observed around 315 nm. As alpha-alumina was irradiated with He{sup +}, F-center and F{sup +}-center luminescence grew and decayed, but the behaviors of those were different from each other. It seems that a concentration quenching occurred on the F-center luminescence in the dose range above 1x10{sup 14} He/cm{sup 2}. Furthermore, F-center luminescence was strongly suppressed in ruby, compared with that in alumina. On the other hand, the luminescence band around 315 nm appeared only in the early stage of irradiation and did not show its growth part. The dose dependent behavior was similar to that of Cr{sup 3+} emission at 695 nm (R-line) in ruby in both cases of He{sup +} and Ar{sup +} irradiation. Based on the experimental results mentioned above, the processes of defect formation and excitation in alumina in the early stage of ion irradiation will be discussed. (author)

  18. Silicon: electrochemistry and luminescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, Ernst Stefan


    The electrochemistry of crystalline and porous silicon and the luminescence from porous silicon has been studied. One chapter deals with a model for the anodic dissolution of silicon in HF solution. In following chapters both the electrochemistry and various ways of generating visible

  19. Radiation on luminescent properties of quartz glasses and fiber light pipes

    CERN Document Server

    Abdurakhmanov, B S; Gulamova, R R; Alimov, R; Yuldashev, B S; Ashurov, M K; Rustamov, I R


    Paper contains the results of investigation into X-ray luminescence of KI and KU-1 quartz glasses and of various composition and size quartz fiber light pipes (FLP) gamma-irradiated within 10 sup 2 -10 sup 7 Gy dose range. On the basis of analysis of X-ray luminescence spectra of glasses and FLP and comparison of the experimental data one detected in spectra two luminescence bands within 410, 450-470 nm range. One determined dose dependences of X-ray luminescence intensity of every of these bands of luminescence and hypothesized about the nature of the relevant centers. The protective role of OH-groups in the process of radiation-induced generation of luminescence centres under gamma-irradiation of quartz glasses and FLP was confirmed experimentally

  20. Effect of point defects on luminescence characteristics of ZnO ceramics (United States)

    Rodnyi, P. A.; Chernenko, K. A.; Zolotarjovs, A.; Grigorjeva, L.; Gorokhova, E. I.; Venevtsev, I. D.


    Photo- and thermally stimulated luminescence of ZnO ceramics are produced by uniaxial hot pressing. The luminescence spectra of ceramics contain a wide band with a maximum at 500 nm, for which oxygen vacancies VO are responsible, and a narrow band with a maximum at 385 nm, which is of exciton nature. It follows from luminescence excitation spectra that the exciton energy is transferred to luminescence centers in ZnO. An analysis of the thermally stimulated luminescence curves allowed detection of a set of discrete levels of point defects with activation energies of 25, 45, 510, 590 meV, and defects with continuous energy distributions in the range of 50-100 meV. The parameters of some of the detected defects are characteristic of a lithium impurity and hydrogen centers. The photoluminescence kinetics are studied in a wide temperature range.

  1. New luminescent materials and filters for Luminescent Solar Concentrators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Boer, D.K.G.; Ronda, C.R.; Keur, W.C.; Meijerink, A.


    In a Luminescent Solar Concentrator (LSC), short-wavelength light isconverted by a luminescent material into long-wavelength light, which is guided towards a photovoltaic cell. In principle, an LSC allows for high concentration, but in practice this is prevented by lossmechanisms like limited

  2. EPR and luminescence studies of the radiation induced Eu.sup.2+./sup. centers in the EuAl.sub.3./sub.(BO.sub.3./sub.).sub.4./sub. single crystals

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prokhorov, Andriy; Chernush, L.F.; Babin, Vladimir; Buryi, Maksym; Savchenko, Dariia; Lančok, Ján; Nikl, Martin; Prokhorov, A.D.


    Roč. 66, Apr (2017), s. 428-433 ISSN 0925-3467 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LO1409; GA MŠk LM2015088 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : EPR spectra * multiferroics * rare-earth * luminescence * aluminum borates * X-ray irradiation * spin Hamiltonian parameters * superposition model Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.238, year: 2016

  3. Luminescence dating of delta sediments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chamberlain, Elizabeth L.; Wallinga, Jakob; Reimann, Tony; Goodbred, Steven L.; Steckler, Michael S.; Shen, Zhixiong; Sincavage, Ryan


    Deltas where luminescence dating is most essential due to organic-poor geologic records are also those where it is often most challenging due to unsuitable luminescence properties of quartz grains, associated with rapid production of young clastic sediment. One example is the

  4. Luminescence studies of semiconductor electrodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kelly, J.J.; Kooij, Ernst S.; Meulenkamp, E.A.


    In this paper we review our recent results of in-situ luminescence studies of semiconductor electrodes. Three classes of materials are considered: single crystal compound semiconductors, porous silicon and semiconducting oxides doped with luminescent ions. We show how photoluminescence (PL) and

  5. A luminescent nisin biosensor (United States)

    Immonen, Nina; Karp, Matti


    Nisin is a lantibiotic, an antibacterial peptide produced by certain Lactococcus lactis strains that kills or inhibits the growth of other bacteria. Nisin is widely used as a food preservative, and its long-time use suggests that it can be generally regarded as safe. We have developed a method for determining the amount of nisin in food samples that is based on luminescent biosensor bacteria. Bacterial luciferase operon luxABCDE was inserted into plasmid pNZ8048, and the construct was transformed by electroporation into Lc. lactis strain NZ9800, whose ability to produce nisin has been erased by deletion of the gene nisA. The operon luxABCDE has been modified to be functional in gram-positive bacteria to confer a bioluminescent phenotype without the requirement of adding an exogenous substrate. In the plasmid pNZ8048, the operon was placed under control of the nisin-inducible nisA promoter. The chromosomal nisRK genes of Lc. lactis NZ9800 allow it to sense nisin in the environment and relay this signal via signal transduction proteins NisK and NisR to initiate transcription from nisA promoter. In the case of our sensor bacteria, this leads to production of luciferase and, thus, luminescence that can be directly measured from living bacteria. Luminescence can be detected as early as within minutes of induction. The nisin assay described here provides a detection limit in the sub-picogram level per ml, and a linear area between 1 - 1000 pg/ml. The sensitivity of this assay exceeds the performance of all previously published methods.

  6. Luminescent macrocyclic lanthanide complexes (United States)

    Raymond, Kenneth N [Berkeley, CA; Corneillie, Todd M [Campbell, CA; Xu, Jide [Berkeley, CA


    The present invention provides a novel class of macrocyclic compounds as well as complexes formed between a metal (e.g., lanthanide) ion and the compounds of the invention. Preferred complexes exhibit high stability as well as high quantum yields of lanthanide ion luminescence in aqueous media without the need for secondary activating agents. Preferred compounds incorporate hydroxy-isophthalamide moieties within their macrocyclic structure and are characterized by surprisingly low, non-specific binding to a variety of polypeptides such as antibodies and proteins as well as high kinetic stability. These characteristics distinguish them from known, open-structured ligands.

  7. Enhanced radiation detectors using luminescent materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vardeny, Zeev V. (Holladay, UT); Jeglinski, Stefan A. (Durham, NC); Lane, Paul A. (Sheffield, GB)


    A radiation detecting device comprising a radiation sensing element, and a layer of luminescent material to expand the range of wavelengths over which the sensing element can efficiently detect radiation. The luminescent material being selected to absorb radiation at selected wavelengths, causing the luminescent material to luminesce, and the luminescent radiation being detected by the sensing element. Radiation sensing elements include photodiodes (singly and in arrays), CCD arrays, IR detectors and photomultiplier tubes. Luminescent materials include polymers, oligomers, copolymers and porphyrines, Luminescent layers include thin films, thicker layers, and liquid polymers.

  8. Luminescent systems based on the isolation of conjugated PI systems and edge charge compensation with polar molecules on a charged nanostructured surface (United States)

    Ivanov, Ilia N.; Puretzky, Alexander A.; Zhao, Bin; Geohegan, David B.; Styers-Barnett, David J.; Hu, Hui


    A photoluminescent or electroluminescent system and method of making a non-luminescent nanostructured material into such a luminescent system is presented. The method of preparing the luminescent system, generally, comprises the steps of modifying the surface of a nanostructured material to create isolated regions to act as luminescent centers and to create a charge imbalance on the surface; applying more than one polar molecule to the charged surface of the nanostructured material; and orienting the polar molecules to compensate for the charge imbalance on the surface of the nanostructured material. The compensation of the surface charge imbalance by the polar molecules allows the isolated regions to exhibit luminescence.

  9. Spodumene and garnet luminescence excited by subnanosecond electron beams (United States)

    Baksht, E. Kh.; Burachenko, A. G.; Solomonov, V. I.; Tarasenko, V. F.


    Pulsed cathodoluminescence of spodumene and yttrium-aluminum garnet crystals activated by Mn2+ and Nd3+ ions, respectively, is investigated. The luminescence was excited upon crystal irradiation by electron beams with current densities of 35 and 100 A/cm2 and average electron energy of ˜ 50 keV for 0.1, 0.25, and 0.65 ns. It is demonstrated that the electron beam duration decreased to several tenth of a nanosecond does not lead to essential changes of the mechanisms of pulsed cathodoluminescence excitation and character of its spectrum, but in this case, the intensity of luminescence of the hole centers increases compared with the intracenter luminescence.

  10. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.


    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  11. Temperature lags of luminescence measurements in a commercial luminescence reader

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitis, George [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Nuclear Physics Laboratory, 54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Kiyak, Nafiye G. [ISIK University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Physics Department, Sile, 34980 Istanbul (Turkey); Polymeris, George S., E-mail: [Ankara University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Beşevler, 06100 Ankara (Turkey)


    The temperature recorded in thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence equipments is not the temperature of the sample but that of the heating element on which the thermocouple is attached. Depending upon the rate of heating, a temperature difference appears between the samples and the heating element, termed as temperature lag, which could have serious effects on the curve shapes and trapping parameters. In the present work the temperature lag effect is studied in a newly developed luminescence equipment measuring both thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence. It is found that the temperature lag could be large for heating rates above 2 K/s and it is strongly dependent upon the sample holder. A simple approximation method is proposed in order to both predict as well as correct for temperature lag effects in luminescence measurements.

  12. A New Approach to Sensitized Luminescence in Trivalent Lanthanide Coordination Polymers: From Fundamental Luminescence and Crystal Engineering Toward Sensing Applications (United States)

    Einkauf, Jeffrey D.

    Luminescent lanthanide containing coordination polymers and metal-organic frameworks hold great potential in many applications due to their distinctive spectroscopic properties. While the ability to design coordination polymers for specific functions is often mentioned as a major benefit bestowed upon these compounds, the lack of a meaningful understanding of the crystal engineering and luminescence in lanthanide coordination polymers remains a significant challenge toward functional design. Currently, the study of luminescence attributed to these compounds is based on the antenna effect as derived from molecular systems, where organic antennae are used to facilitate lanthanide-centered luminescence. This molecular based approach does not take into account the unique features of extended network solids, particularly the formation of band structure. By comparing molecular and band-based approaches, it was determined that the band structure of the organic sensitizing linker needs to be considered when evaluating the luminescence of lanthanide coordination polymers. This new model, as well as work on the crystal engineering and sensor applications of these materials will be presented.

  13. Persistent luminescence nanothermometers (United States)

    Martín Rodríguez, Emma; López-Peña, Gabriel; Montes, Eduardo; Lifante, Ginés; García Solé, José; Jaque, Daniel; Diaz-Torres, Luis Armando; Salas, Pedro


    Persistent phosphorescence nanoparticles emitting in the red and near-infrared spectral regions are strongly demanded as contrast nanoprobes for autofluorescence free bioimaging and biosensing. In this work, we have developed Sr4Al14O25:Eu2+, Cr3+, Nd3+ nanopowders that produce persistent red phosphorescence peaking at 694 nm generated by Cr3+ ions. This emission displays temperature sensitivity in the physiological temperature range (20-60 °C), which makes these nanoparticles potentially useful as fluorescence (contactless) nanothermometers operating without requiring optical excitation. Nd3+ ions, which act as shallow electron traps for the red Cr3+ persistent emission, also display infrared emission bands, extending the fluorescence imaging capability to the second biological window. This unique combination of properties makes these nanoparticles multifunctional luminescent probes with great potential applications in nanomedicine.

  14. Subdiffraction, Luminescence-Depletion Imaging of Isolated, Giant, CdSe/CdS Nanocrystal Quantum Dots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lesoine, Michael D. [Ames Laboratory; Bhattacharjee, Ujjal [Ames Laboratory; Guo, Yijun [Ames Laboratory; Vela, Javier [Ames Laboratory; Petrich, Jacob W. [Ames Laboratory; Smith, Emily A. [Ames Laboratory


    Subdiffraction spatial resolution luminescence depletion imaging was performed with giant CdSe/14CdS nanocrystal quantum dots (g-NQDs) dispersed on a glass slide. Luminescence depletion imaging used a Gaussian shaped excitation laser pulse overlapped with a depletion pulse, shaped into a doughnut profile, with zero intensity in the center. Luminescence from a subdiffraction volume is collected from the central portion of the excitation spot, where no depletion takes place. Up to 92% depletion of the luminescence signal was achieved. An average full width at half-maximum of 40 ± 10 nm was measured in the lateral direction for isolated g-NQDs at an air interface using luminescence depletion imaging, whereas the average full width at half-maximum was 450 ± 90 nm using diffraction-limited, confocal luminescence imaging. Time-gating of the luminescence depletion data was required to achieve the stated spatial resolution. No observable photobleaching of the g-NQDs was present in the measurements, which allowed imaging with a dwell time of 250 ms per pixel to obtain images with a high signal-to-noise ratio. The mechanism for luminescence depletion is likely stimulated emission, stimulated absorption, or a combination of the two. The g-NQDs fulfill a need for versatile, photostable tags for subdiffraction imaging schemes where high laser powers or long exposure times are used.

  15. Luminescent metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Allendorf, M D; Bauer, C A; Bhakta, R K; Houk, R J T


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) display a wide range of luminescent behaviors resulting from the multifaceted nature of their structure. In this critical review we discuss the origins of MOF luminosity, which include the linker, the coordinated metal ions, antenna effects, excimer and exciplex formation, and guest molecules. The literature describing these effects is comprehensively surveyed, including a categorization of each report according to the type of luminescence observed. Finally, we discuss potential applications of luminescent MOFs. This review will be of interest to researchers and synthetic chemists attempting to design luminescent MOFs, and those engaged in the extension of MOFs to applications such as chemical, biological, and radiation detection, medical imaging, and electro-optical devices (141 references).

  16. Luminescent materials for modern light sources (United States)

    Zak, P. P.; Lapina, V. A.; Pavich, T. A.; Trofimov, A. V.; Trofimova, N. N.; Tsaplev, Yu B.


    The studies dealing with luminescent materials for semiconductor lighting are surveyed. The luminescent materials are classified in terms of the class of chemical compounds they belong to and in terms of the way they are used in luminescent converters of light from the primary light source. The use of inorganic phosphors, organic luminescent materials and materials based on complex compounds, quantum dots and metal-organic frameworks are considered. Sequential and parallel luminescent converters are defined. The key problems are identified and the possible ways of addressing them are outlined. Particular attention is paid to the problem of photodegradation of luminescent converters. The bibliography includes 101 references.

  17. Luminescence behavior and Raman characterization of jade from Turkey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tuncer Arslanlar, Y. [Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Celal Bayar University, 45140 Muradiye-Manisa (Turkey); Garcia-Guinea, J. [Museo Nacional Ciencias Naturales, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Kibar, R.; Cetin, A.; Ayvacikli, M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Celal Bayar University, 45140 Muradiye-Manisa (Turkey); Can, N., E-mail: [Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Celal Bayar University, 45140 Muradiye-Manisa (Turkey)


    Results are presented for the cathodoluminescence (CL), radioluminescence (RL) and thermoluminescence (TL) of jade from Turkey. Jade samples show broad band luminescence from green to red, which, using lifetime-resolved CL, reveals seven overlapping emissions, of which two are dominant. Green emission obtained using spatially resolved CL was associated with Mn{sup 2+} and emission bands centered near at 480 and 530 nm were attributed to {sup 3}P{sub 0}-{sup 3}H{sub 4} and {sup 1}D{sub 2}-{sup 3}H{sub 4} transitions of Pr{sup 3+}, respectively. Different shifts of the peak-wavelengths for 326 and 565 nm were observed with varying jade compositions. The incorporation of the larger K ion causes non-linear variations of the cell dimensions and therefore changes in the Fe---O band distance. We suggest that stress of the jade structure can be linked to the luminescence emission at 326 nm. Raman spectra have also been recorded in order to provide an unequivocal identification of the type of jade. The mechanism for the luminescence of the jade is considered. - Highlights: >Jade spectrum displays numerous broad bands at room and low temperatures. >Different luminescence centers contribute to the overall signal. >The Raman spectra and associated vibrational assignments are reported for jadeite. >The TL sensitivity varies depending on the treatment of the samples.

  18. Effects of Radiation Doses on the Photostimulated Luminescence Response of Certain Herbs and Spices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeva Ivana


    Full Text Available Ionizing radiation applied on food eliminates harmful microorganisms, prevents sprouting and delays ripening. All methods for detection of irradiated food are based on physical, chemical, biological or microbiological changes caused by the treatment with ionizing radiation. When minerals are exposed to ionizing radiation, they accumulate radiation energy and store it in the crystal lattice, by which some electrons remain trapped in the lattice. When these minerals are exposed to optical stimulation, trapped electrons are released. The phenomenon, called optically stimulated luminescence or photostimulated luminescence, occurs when released electrons recombine with holes from luminescence centers in the lattice, resulting in emission of light with certain wavelengths.

  19. Preparation and physical properties of luminescent 80GeSe(2) center dot (20-x)Sb2Se3 center dot xSb(2)Te(y):Pr2Se3 glasses; x=0, 1, 3, 10; y=2, 3, 4

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Frumarová, Božena; Frumar, M.; Oswald, Jiří; Kincl, Miloslav; Parchanski, V.


    Roč. 134, Feb 2013 (2013), s. 558-565 ISSN 0022-2313 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LH11101; GA ČR GA203/09/0827 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 ; RVO:68378271 Keywords : chalcogenide glasses * MID IR luminescence Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.367, year: 2013

  20. Thermal dependence of luminescence lifetimes and radioluminescence in quartz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pagonis, V., E-mail: [McDaniel College, Physics Department, Westminster, MD 21157 (United States); Chithambo, M.L. [Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, PO BOX 94, Grahamstown 6140 (South Africa); Chen, R. [Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978 (Israel); Chruścińska, A. [Institute of Physics, Nicholas Copernicus University, 87-100 Toruń (Poland); Fasoli, M. [Department of Materials Science, University of Milano-Bicocca, Via Cozzi 53, 20125 Milano (Italy); Li, S.H. [Department of Earth Sciences, The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Martini, M. [Department of Materials Science, University of Milano-Bicocca, Via Cozzi 53, 20125 Milano (Italy); Ramseyer, K. [Institut für Geologie, Baltzerstrasse 1-3, 3012 Bern (Switzerland)


    During time-resolved optical stimulation experiments (TR-OSL), one uses short light pulses to separate the stimulation and emission of luminescence in time. Experimental TR-OSL results show that the luminescence lifetime in quartz of sedimentary origin is independent of annealing temperature below 500 °C, but decreases monotonically thereafter. These results have been interpreted previously empirically on the basis of the existence of two separate luminescence centers L{sub H} and L{sub L} in quartz, each with its own distinct luminescence lifetime. Additional experimental evidence also supports the presence of a non-luminescent hole reservoir R, which plays a critical role in the predose effect in this material. This paper extends a recently published analytical model for thermal quenching in quartz, to include the two luminescence centers L{sub H} and L{sub L}, as well as the hole reservoir R. The new extended model involves localized electronic transitions between energy states within the two luminescence centers, and is described by a system of differential equations based on the Mott–Seitz mechanism of thermal quenching. It is shown that by using simplifying physical assumptions, one can obtain analytical solutions for the intensity of the light during a TR-OSL experiment carried out with previously annealed samples. These analytical expressions are found to be in good agreement with the numerical solutions of the equations. The results from the model are shown to be in quantitative agreement with published experimental data for commercially available quartz samples. Specifically the model describes the variation of the luminescence lifetimes with (a) annealing temperatures between room temperature and 900 °C, and (b) with stimulation temperatures between 20 and 200 °C. This paper also reports new radioluminescence (RL) measurements carried out using the same commercially available quartz samples. Gaussian deconvolution of the RL emission spectra was

  1. Effect of surface related organic vibrational modes in luminescent upconversion dynamics of rare earth ions doped nanoparticles. (United States)

    Wang, Yu; Smolarek, Szymon; Kong, Xianggui; Buma, Wybren Jan; Brouwer, Albert Manfred; Zhang, Hong


    Physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles are known to be subject to the surface factors. For their biological/biomedical applications, typically, surface of the nanoparticles has to be modified which inevitably affects their performance. In this work we have studied the interaction between the surface related organic vibrational modes and the luminescent centers--rare earth ions--in one of the most efficient luminescence upconversion nanosystems--NaYF4. Specifically, the surface quenching centers, the surface related luminescent centers, as well as the role of shell properties, are investigated spectroscopically. Our results demonstrate that the surface related high-frequency vibrational modes can be critical to the spectral properties of the nanosystems once the surface is not well separated from the discrete luminescent centers.

  2. Self absorption in luminescent solar concentrators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krumer, Z.


    Luminescent solar concentrators are photovoltaic devices made of thin transparent material, in which luminescent particles are dispersed. The incident light enters the device through its large facets and is subsequently absorbed by the luminescent particles, which re-emit it whilst changing its

  3. Solvothermal chemistry of luminescent lanthanide fluorides


    Jayasundera, Anil


    Exploration of novel lanthanide fluoride framework materials in inorganic-organic hybrid systems under solvothermal conditions towards development of new luminescent materials is discussed. X-ray single crystal and powder diffraction methods have been used as crystallographic characterisation techniques. Determination and study of luminescence properties for selected hybrid materials has also been carried out. The first organically templated luminescent lanthanide fluoride fram...

  4. A luminescent nanocrystal stress gauge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Charina; Koski, Kristie; Olson, Andrew; Alivisatos, Paul


    Microscale mechanical forces can determine important outcomes ranging from the site of material fracture to stem cell fate. However, local stresses in a vast majority of systems cannot be measured due to the limitations of current techniques. In this work, we present the design and implementation of the CdSe/CdS core/shell tetrapod nanocrystal, a local stress sensor with bright luminescence readout. We calibrate the tetrapod luminescence response to stress, and use the luminescence signal to report the spatial distribution of local stresses in single polyester fibers under uniaxial strain. The bright stress-dependent emission of the tetrapod, its nanoscale size, and its colloidal nature provide a unique tool that may be incorporated into a variety of micromechanical systems including materials and biological samples to quantify local stresses with high spatial resolution.

  5. Micro-modulated luminescence tomography

    CERN Document Server

    Cong, Wenxiang; Wang, Chao; Wang, Ge


    Imaging depth of optical microscopy has been fundamentally limited to millimeter or sub-millimeter due to light scattering. X-ray microscopy can resolve spatial details of few microns deeply inside a sample but the contrast resolution is still inadequate to depict heterogeneous features at cellular or sub-cellular levels. To enhance and enrich biological contrast at large imaging depth, various nanoparticles are introduced and become essential to basic research and molecular medicine. Nanoparticles can be functionalized as imaging probes, similar to fluorescent and bioluminescent proteins. LiGa5O8:Cr3+ nanoparticles were recently synthesized to facilitate luminescence energy storage with x-ray pre-excitation and the subsequently stimulated luminescence emission by visible/near-infrared (NIR) light. In this paper, we suggest a micro-modulated luminescence tomography (MLT) approach to quantify a nanophosphor distribution in a thick biological sample with high resolution. Our numerical simulation studies demonst...

  6. Quantitative Luminescence Imaging System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batishko, C.R.; Stahl, K.A.; Fecht, B.A.


    The goal of the MEASUREMENT OF CHEMILUMINESCENCE project is to develop and deliver a suite of imaging radiometric instruments for measuring spatial distributions of chemiluminescence. Envisioned deliverables include instruments working at the microscopic, macroscopic, and life-sized scales. Both laboratory and field portable instruments are envisioned. The project also includes development of phantoms as enclosures for the diazoluminomelanin (DALM) chemiluminescent chemistry. A suite of either phantoms in a variety of typical poses, or phantoms that could be adjusted to a variety of poses, is envisioned. These are to include small mammals (rats), mid-sized mammals (monkeys), and human body parts. A complete human phantom that can be posed is a long-term goal of the development. Taken together, the chemistry and instrumentation provide a means for imaging rf dosimetry based on chemiluminescence induced by the heat resulting from rf energy absorption. The first delivered instrument, the Quantitative Luminescence Imaging System (QLIS), resulted in a patent, and an R&D Magazine 1991 R&D 100 award, recognizing it as one of the 100 most significant technological developments of 1991. The current status of the project is that three systems have been delivered, several related studies have been conducted, two preliminary human hand phantoms have been delivered, system upgrades have been implemented, and calibrations have been maintained. Current development includes sensitivity improvements to the microscope-based system; extension of the large-scale (potentially life-sized targets) system to field portable applications; extension of the 2-D large-scale system to 3-D measurement; imminent delivery of a more refined human hand phantom and a rat phantom; rf, thermal and imaging subsystem integration; and continued calibration and upgrade support.

  7. Luminescent Lanthanide Reporters for High-Sensitivity Novel Bioassays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anstey, Mitchell R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Fruetel, Julia A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Foster, Michael E. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Hayden, Carl C. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Buckley, Heather L. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Arnold, John [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)


    Biological imaging and assay technologies rely on fluorescent organic dyes as reporters for a number of interesting targets and processes. However, limitations of organic dyes such as small Stokes shifts, spectral overlap of emission signals with native biological fluorescence background, and photobleaching have all inhibited the development of highly sensitive assays. To overcome the limitations of organic dyes for bioassays, we propose to develop lanthanide-based luminescent dyes and demonstrate them for molecular reporting applications. This relatively new family of dyes was selected for their attractive spectral and chemical properties. Luminescence is imparted by the lanthanide atom and allows for relatively simple chemical structures that can be tailored to the application. The photophysical properties offer unique features such as narrow and non-overlapping emission bands, long luminescent lifetimes, and long wavelength emission, which enable significant sensitivity improvements over organic dyes through spectral and temporal gating of the luminescent signal.Growth in this field has been hindered due to the necessary advanced synthetic chemistry techniques and access to experts in biological assay development. Our strategy for the development of a new lanthanide-based fluorescent reporter system is based on chelation of the lanthanide metal center using absorbing chromophores. Our first strategy involves "Click" chemistry to develop 3-fold symmetric chelators and the other involves use of a new class of tetrapyrrole ligands called corroles. This two-pronged approach is geared towards the optimization of chromophores to enhance light output.

  8. Luminescent materials and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Virk, Hardev Singh


    It is pertinent to note that Luminescence phenomenon has once again occupied a central stage with the announcement of Nobel Prize in October 2014 to three Japanese scientists. The discovery of Galium Nitride proved to be a revolutionary step forward in creation of Blue LEDs. With the advent of LED lamps we now have more long-lasting and more efficient alternatives to older light sources. The Volume under reference consists of 9 Chapters, written by experts in the area of Luminescent Materials. First 5 Chapters are contributed as Review Papers and the last 4 are based on Research Papers.Chapter

  9. Metal-organic frameworks for luminescence thermometry. (United States)

    Cui, Yuanjing; Zhu, Fengliang; Chen, Banglin; Qian, Guodong


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) hold great promise for developing various types of luminescent sensors due to their remarkable structural diversity and tunable luminescence properties. In the last few years, utilizing luminescent MOFs to explore temperature sensing has gained intense attention. In this feature article, after the general description of luminescence thermometry, we have summarized the recent progress made in luminescent MOF thermometers, with particular emphasis on the dual-emitting MOFs that effectively illustrate the self-referencing temperature measurement based on the intensity ratios of two separate transitions.

  10. Photoluminescence of hole centers in olivine crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bakhtin, A.I.; Denisov, I.G.; Lopatin, O.N. [Kazan State University (Russian Federation)


    The intracenter luminescence of O{sup {minus}} hole centers is first detected in olivine crystals. The holes are shown to be localized at the three structural different oxygens of SiO{sub 4} and AlO{sub 4} tetrahedra. This explains the three-component structure of the luminescence band (420-470 nm) and of its excitation band (340-390). The energy level diagram of the O{sup {minus}} center in olivine crystals is constructed and the electronic transitions corresponding to its excitation and luminescence are shown. 11 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Biosensing with Luminescent Semiconductor Quantum Dots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hedi Mattoussi


    Full Text Available Luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals or quantum dots (QDs are a recentlydeveloped class of nanomaterial whose unique photophysical properties are helping tocreate a new generation of robust fluorescent biosensors. QD properties of interest forbiosensing include high quantum yields, broad absorption spectra coupled to narrow sizetunablephotoluminescent emissions and exceptional resistance to both photobleaching andchemical degradation. In this review, we examine the progress in adapting QDs for severalpredominantly in vitro biosensing applications including use in immunoassays, asgeneralized probes, in nucleic acid detection and fluorescence resonance energy transfer(FRET - based sensing. We also describe several important considerations when workingwith QDs mainly centered on the choice of material(s and appropriate strategies forattaching biomolecules to the QDs.

  12. Exploring the effect of remote substituents and solution structure on the luminescence of three lanthanide complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tropiano, Manuel; Blackburn, Octavia A.; Tilney, James A.; Hill, Leila R. [Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA (United Kingdom); Just Sørensen, Thomas, E-mail: [Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA (United Kingdom); Nano-Science Center and Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, 2100 København Ø (Denmark); Faulkner, Stephen, E-mail: [Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA (United Kingdom)


    Sensitized luminescence from trivalent lanthanide ions relies on an appropriate energy match between the sensitizer’s excited state (triplet or singlet) and the lanthanide excited state manifold, and also an efficient mechanism of energy transfer between the two. Here, the effect of remote substituents on the luminescence properties of a series of related lanthanide complexes has been investigated. The sensitized lanthanide centered emission is not invariably found to occur following excitation of all chromophores in all systems, and it is shown that only the most structurally congested of the systems investigated exhibited pronounced solvatochromism. - Highlights: • Effect of remote substituents and self-assembly on lanthanide luminescence. • Molecular structure rather than chromophore density defines lanthanide sensitization. • Kimura's and Horrocks' approach to determine lanthanide solvation is revisited. • Solvent alters sensitization pathways in multinuclear lanthanide complexes. • Increasing chromophore density may reduce lanthanide luminescence.

  13. Advances in luminescence instrument systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Bulur, E.; Duller, G.A.T.


    We report on recent advances in the development of luminescence measurement systems and techniques at Riso. These include: (1) optical stimulation units based on new-generation powerful blue light (470 nm) emitting diodes providing up to 28 mW/cm(2) for OSL measurements; (2) an infrared (830 nm...

  14. Thermally stimulated luminescence and photoluminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) investigations of SrBPO5:Eu3+ and SrBPO5:Eu2+ phosphors were carried out in the temperature range of 300–650 K. In order to characterize the phosphors, X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence (PL) techniques were used. The emission spectrum of air heated SrBPO5:Eu3+ ...

  15. Controlling plasmon-enhanced luminescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mertens, H.


    Plasmons are collective oscillations of the free electrons in a metal or an ionized gas. Plasmons dominate the optical properties of noble-metal nanoparticles, which enables a variety of applications. This thesis focuses on plasmon-enhanced luminescence of silicon quantum dots (Si QDs) and optically

  16. Photoluminescence, thermally stimulated luminescence and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Photoluminescence, thermally stimulated luminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of U. 6+ doped BaSO4. M K BHIDE, T K SESHAGIRI. ∗. , SASHIKALA OJHA† and S V GODBOLE. Radiochemistry Division, †Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India.

  17. The sensitized luminescence of manganese-activated calcite (United States)

    Schulman, J.H.; Evans, L.W.; Ginther, R.J.; Murata, K.J.


    Synthetic manganese-activated calcites are shown to be practically inert to ultraviolet excitation in the range 2000-3500A, while they are luminescent under cathode-ray excitation. The incorporation of small amounts of an auxiliary impurity along with the manganese produces the strong response to ultraviolet radiation hitherto ascribed to CaCO3:Mn itself. Three such impurities have been studied: lead, thallium, and cerium. The first two induce excitation in the neighborhood of the mercury resonance line, while the cerium introduces a response principally to longer wave ultraviolet. The strong response to 2537A excitation shown by some natural calcites is likewise found to be due to the presence of lead along with the manganese, rather than to the manganese alone. The data do not warrant ascribing the longer wave-length ultraviolet-excited luminescence of all natural calcites to the action of an auxiliary impurity. The essential identity of the cathode-ray excited luminescence spectra of CaCO 3:Mn, CaCO3: (Pb+Mn), CaCO3:(Tl+Mn), and CaCO3:(Ce+Mn) with the 2537A-excited spectra of the latter three is evidence that the luminescent center in all cases is the manganese ion or the MnO6 group. It is shown that a "cascade" mechanism for the action of the auxiliary impurities, lead, thallium, and cerium, is incorrect; and that the phenomenon must be considered as a case of sensitized luminescence. Owing to the nature of cathode-ray excitation, the manganese activator can be excited by this agent even in the absence of a second impurity. For optical excitation, however, an absorption band for the ultraviolet must be established by building into the CaCO3:Mn a second impurity or "sensitizer.".

  18. Correlation of the coloring and the luminescent properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negron M, A.; Ramos B, S. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Frias, D. [Universidad Stadual de Santa Cru, Bahia Brasil (Brazil); Sanchez M, G. [UNAM-Facultad de Medicna, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)


    Full text: The correlation of this first stage F-center coloring with the thermoluminescent properties of the single crystal give a possible evaluation of low doses using the first stage F-center curve. The first stage of F-center coloring in quenched samples of Sr doped NaCl single crystal has been reproduced by a mathematical model of the defects reactions induced by radiation. The samples were irradiated with gamma rays and the F-centers were identified by its characteristic F absorption band. The thermoluminescence emission was measured before and after room temperature optical bleaching with F-light. The results suggested that the F-centers plays an important role in the thermally stimulated luminescence process. (Author)

  19. Luminescent Solar Concentrators – a low cost photovoltaics alternative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sark, W.G.J.H.M. van


    The development and current status of luminescent solar concentrators is reviewed. These solar concentrators generally consist of transparent polymer sheets doped with luminescent species; presently mainly organic dye molecules are used as luminescent species, however semiconductor nanocrystals

  20. Investigation into scanning tunnelling luminescence microscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Manson-Smith, S K


    This work reports on the development of a scanning tunnelling luminescence (STL) microscope and its application to the study of Ill-nitride semiconductor materials used in the production of light emitting devices. STL microscopy is a technique which uses the high resolution topographic imaging capabilities of the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) to generate high resolution luminescence images. The STM tunnelling current acts as a highly localised source of electrons (or holes) which generates luminescence in certain materials. Light generated at the STM tunnelling junction is collected concurrently with the height variation of the tunnelling probe as it is scanned across a sample surface, producing simultaneous topographic and luminescence images. Due to the very localised excitation source, high resolution luminescence images can be obtained. Spectroscopic resolution can be obtained by using filters. Additionally, the variation of luminescence intensity with tunnel current and with bias voltage can provi...

  1. Lanthanide Organic Framework Luminescent Thermometers. (United States)

    Rocha, João; Brites, Carlos D S; Carlos, Luís D


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are excellent platforms for engineering luminescence properties as their building blocks, metal ions, linkers, and guest ions or molecules, are all potential sources of light emission. Temperature is one of the most important physical properties affecting the dynamics and viability of natural and engineered systems. Because the luminescence of certain lanthanide-bearing MOFs changes considerably with temperature, in the last few years, these materials have been explored as optical thermometers, especially in temperature sensing based on the intensity ratios of two separate electronic transitions. This review discusses the main concepts and ideas assisting the design of such ratiometric thermometers, and identifies the main challenges presented to this nascent field: develop nanothermometers for bio-applications and nanomedicine; understand the energy transfer mechanisms determining the thermal sensitivity; achieve effective primary thermometers; realize multifunctional nanothermometers; integrate Ln 3+ -based thermometers in commercial products. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Handbook of luminescent semiconductor materials

    CERN Document Server

    Bergman, Leah


    Photoluminescence spectroscopy is an important approach for examining the optical interactions in semiconductors and optical devices with the goal of gaining insight into material properties. With contributions from researchers at the forefront of this field, Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials explores the use of this technique to study semiconductor materials in a variety of applications, including solid-state lighting, solar energy conversion, optical devices, and biological imaging. After introducing basic semiconductor theory and photoluminescence principles, the book focuses

  3. Luminescent solar concentrators employing phycobilisomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mulder, Carlijn L.; Theogarajan, Luke; Currie, Michael; Mapel, Jonathan K.; Baldo, Marc A. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Vaughn, Michael; Willard, Paul; Bruce, Barry D. [Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology and Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering University of Tennessee at Knoxville 125 Austin Peay Bldg., Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Moss, Mark W.; McLain, Clifford E.; Morseman, John P. [Columbia Biosciences Corporation 6440 Suite D Dobbin Road, Columbia, MD 21045 (United States)


    Phycobilisome-based luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) take advantage of the photosynthetic antenna complexes of red algae and cyanobacteria. The phycobilisomes are successfully stabilized in a solid-state LSC matrix with minimal loss of performance. Comparison of samples with intact and decoupled complexes indicates that energy transfer within intact phycobilisomes results in a reduction of re-absorption losses by {proportional_to}50%. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  4. Resonance-shifting luminescent solar concentrators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giebink, Noel Christopher; Wiederrecht, Gary P.; Wasielewski, Michael R.


    An optical system and method to overcome luminescent solar concentrator inefficiencies by resonance-shifting, in which sharply directed emission from a bi-layer cavity into a glass substrate returns to interact with the cavity off-resonance at each subsequent reflection, significantly reducing reabsorption loss en route to the edges. In one embodiment, the system comprises a luminescent solar concentrator comprising a transparent substrate, a luminescent film having a variable thickness; and a low refractive index layer disposed between the transparent substrate and the luminescent film.

  5. Resonance-shifting luminescent solar concentrators (United States)

    Giebink, Noel Christopher; Wiederrecht, Gary P; Wasielewski, Michael R


    An optical system and method to overcome luminescent solar concentrator inefficiencies by resonance-shifting, in which sharply directed emission from a bi-layer cavity into a glass substrate returns to interact with the cavity off-resonance at each subsequent reflection, significantly reducing reabsorption loss en route to the edges. In one embodiment, the system comprises a luminescent solar concentrator comprising a transparent substrate, a luminescent film having a variable thickness; and a low refractive index layer disposed between the transparent substrate and the luminescent film.

  6. Luminescent detection of hydrazine and hydrazine derivatives (United States)

    Swager, Timothy M [Newton, MA; Thomas, III, Samuel W.


    The present invention generally relates to methods for modulating the optical properties of a luminescent polymer via interaction with a species (e.g., an analyte). In some cases, the present invention provides methods for determination of an analyte by monitoring a change in an optical signal of a luminescent polymer upon exposure to an analyte. Methods of the present invention may be useful for the vapor phase detection of analytes such as explosives and toxins. The present invention also provides methods for increasing the luminescence intensity of a polymer, such as a polymer that has been photobleached, by exposing the luminescent polymer to a species such as a reducing agent.

  7. Luminescent Organic Semiconducting Langmuir Monolayers. (United States)

    Agina, Elena V; Mannanov, Artur A; Sizov, Alexey S; Vechter, Olga; Borshchev, Oleg V; Bakirov, Artem V; Shcherbina, Maxim A; Chvalun, Sergei N; Konstantinov, Vladislav G; Bruevich, Vladimir V; Kozlov, Oleg V; Pshenichnikov, Maxim S; Paraschuk, Dmitry Yu; Ponomarenko, Sergei A


    In recent years, monolayer organic field-effect devices such as transistors and sensors have demonstrated their high potential. In contrast, monolayer electroluminescent organic field-effect devices are still in their infancy. One of the key challenges here is to create an organic material that self-organizes in a monolayer and combines efficient charge transport with luminescence. Herein, we report a novel organosilicon derivative of oligothiophene-phenylene dimer D2-Und-PTTP-TMS (D2, tetramethyldisiloxane; Und, undecylenic spacer; P, 1,4-phenylene; T, 2,5-thiophene; TMS, trimethylsilyl) that meets these requirements. The self-assembled Langmuir monolayers of the dimer were investigated by steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray reflectometry, and grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction, and their semiconducting properties were evaluated in organic field-effect transistors. We found that the best uniform, fully covered, highly ordered monolayers were semiconducting. Thus, the ordered two-dimensional (2D) packing of conjugated organic molecules in the semiconducting Langmuir monolayer is compatible with its high-yield luminescence, so that 2D molecular aggregation per se does not preclude highly luminescent properties. Our findings pave the way to the rational design of functional materials for monolayer organic light-emitting transistors and other optoelectronic devices.

  8. Photon Luminescence of the Moon (United States)

    Wilson, T.L.; Lee, K.T.


    Luminescence is typically described as light emitted by objects at low temperatures, induced by chemical reactions, electrical energy, atomic interactions, or acoustical and mechanical stress. An example is photoluminescence created when photons (electromagnetic radiation) strike a substance and are absorbed, resulting in the emission of a resonant fluorescent or phosphorescent albedo. In planetary science, there exists X-ray fluorescence induced by sunlight absorbed by a regolith a property used to measure some of the chemical composition of the Moon s surface during the Apollo program. However, there exists an equally important phenomenon in planetary science which will be designated here as photon luminescence. It is not conventional photoluminescence because the incoming radiation that strikes the planetary surface is not photons but rather cosmic rays (CRs). Nevertheless, the result is the same: the generation of a photon albedo. In particular, Galactic CRs (GCRs) and solar energetic particles (SEPs) both induce a photon albedo that radiates from the surface of the Moon. Other particle albedos are generated as well, most of which are hazardous (e.g. neutrons). The photon luminescence or albedo of the lunar surface induced by GCRs and SEPs will be derived here, demonstrating that the Moon literally glows in the dark (when there is no sunlight or Earthshine). This extends earlier work on the same subject [1-4]. A side-by-side comparison of these two albedos and related mitigation measures will also be discussed.

  9. A mechanism of the anti-Stokes luminescence of a dye-sensitized silver halide emulsion (United States)

    Tyurin, A. V.; Churashov, V. P.; Zhukov, S. A.; Pavlova, O. V.


    A two-photon stepwise mechanism of the low-temperature anti-Stokes luminescence of a sensitized AgBrI emulsion, caused by photoexcitation of dye aggregates, is proved experimentally. According to this mechanism, the photoexcitation energy is transferred from the dye to the AgHal microcrystal through silver cluster centers. It is found that the luminescence with the maximum at λ ≈ 750 nm is caused by the recombination of an electron localized at the silver cluster with a free hole in the valence band of the AgHal microcrystal. The migration of an electron from a silver cluster to a iodine pair center with a captured hole creates a nonradiative recombination channel, which is responsible for the flare buildup of the green anti-Stokes luminescence upon excitation of dye aggregates.

  10. Eu2+-activated Ba3Ca3(PO4)4 phosphor with doping-concentration dependent luminescence (United States)

    Tang, Huidong; Yang, Rong; Li, Rongzhu


    A color tunable phosphor of Eu2+-activated monophosphate Ba3Ca3(PO4)4 was developed via facile solid-state reaction synthesis. The samples were tested by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) patterns, morphological properties, luminescence and decay lifetime measurements. The structural characteristics were discussed. The excitation bands of the phosphors cover the UV-, near-UV and blue-wavelength bands extending from 300 to 440 nm. The luminescence spectra of the phosphors show a great dependence on the Eu2+-concentration in Ba3Ca3(PO4)4, which can give blue to yellow emission colors. There are two kinds of Eu2+ centers in Ba3Ca3(PO4)4 lattices, which give yellow (EuI) and blue (EuII) luminescence with the maximum wavelength at 565 nm and 450 nm, respectively. The structural occupations and luminescence properties of EuI and EuII centers were discussed. EuI (yellow center) has a dominant contribution to the total luminescence with the increase of the Eu2+-doping level. The luminescence internal quantum efficiency and thermal stability (activation energy) were reported. The reported results could be helpful for the further potential application of the phosphor.

  11. Recent development in deciphering the structure of luminescent silver nanodots (United States)

    Choi, Sungmoon; Yu, Junhua


    Matrix-stabilized silver clusters and stable luminescent few-atom silver clusters, referred to as silver nanodots, show notable difference in their photophysical properties. We present recent research on deciphering the nature of silver clusters and nanodots and understanding the factors that lead to variations in luminescent mechanisms. Due to their relatively simple structure, the matrix-stabilized clusters have been well studied. However, the single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-stabilized silver nanodots that show the most diverse emission wavelengths and the best photophysical properties remain mysterious species. It is clear that their photophysical properties highly depend on their protection scaffolds. Analyses from combinations of high-performance liquid chromatography, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy, electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry indicate that about 10 to 20 silver atoms form emissive complexes with ssDNA. However, it is possible that not all of the silver atoms in the complex form effective emission centers. Investigation of the nanodot structure will help us understand why luminescent silver nanodots are stable in aqueous solution and how to further improve their chemical and photophysical properties.

  12. Ratiometric fluorescent nanosensors for selective detecting cysteine with upconversion luminescence. (United States)

    Guan, Yunlong; Qu, Songnan; Li, Bin; Zhang, Liming; Ma, Heping; Zhang, Ligong


    Fluorescent sensors based on upconversion (UC) luminescence have been considered as a promising strategy to detect bio-analyte due to their advantages in deep penetration, minimum autofluorescence, and ratiometric fluorescent output. A prototype of nanosensors combined with mesoporous silica coated upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and a fluorescein-based fluorescent probe loaded in pores was therefore designed to detect cysteine (Cys). The silica shell provided loading space for the probe and enabled the nanosensors to disperse in water. In the presence of Cys, the fluorescent probe was transformed into 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein with an emission band centering at 518 nm which was secondarily excited by the light at around 475 nm from NaYF4:Yb(3+), Tm(3+) UCNPs driven by 980 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser. The intensity ratio between green and blue luminescence (I518/I475) grew exponentially with increasing concentrations of Cys over a range of 20-200 μmolL(-1). The response of the nanosensors towards Cys was recognizable with naked eyes by luminescence color change. Evidences suggest that these nanosensors are capable of sensing Cys in aqueous solution and distinguishing Cys from homocysteine (Hcy) with kinetically-controlled selectivity. The system was further employed to detect Cys in human serum and the result was in agreement with it tested by high performance liquid chromatography with acceptable recovery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Violet stimulated luminescence: geo- or thermochronometer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ankjærgaard, Christina; Guralnik, Benny; Porat, N.


    The method of quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating is widely used, but generally limited to the past ~0.1 million years (Ma) due to early saturation of the desired signal. Violet stimulated luminescence (VSL) of quartz has previously been shown as a promising alternative, with a ...

  14. Receptor-Targeted Luminescent Silver Bionanoparticles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bunschoten, Anton; Chin, Patrick T.K.; Buckle, Tessa; Linden, van der Marte; Barendregt, Arjan; Verheijen, Marcel A.; Leeuwen, van Fijs W.B.


    Luminescent Ag nanoclusters (Ag-NC) provide the next generation in bionanoparticles, wherein the luminescence (650 nm) and large Stokes shift of these inorganic nanoclusters are favorable for biological imaging. By combining these characteristics with those of human serum albumin (HSA; a protein

  15. Luminescence of thermally altered human skeletal remains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krap, Tristan; Nota, Kevin; Wilk, Leah; van de Goot, Frank; Ruijter, Jan; Duijst, Wilma; Oostra, Roelof Jan


    Literature on luminescent properties of thermally altered human remains is scarce and contradictory. Therefore, the luminescence of heated bone was systemically reinvestigated. A heating experiment was conducted on fresh human bone, in two different media, and cremated human remains were recovered

  16. Kinetics of infrared stimulated luminescence from feldspars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jain, Mayank; Sohbati, Reza; Guralnik, Benny


    thermal and optical, of the infrared stimulated luminescence signal from feldspar. Based on the application of this model, it is concluded that different infra-red stimulated luminescence emissions (UV, blue, yellow and far-red) follow the same kinetics, and, therefore, involve participation of the same...

  17. Crystalfield symmetries of luminescent Eu{sup 3+} centers in GaN: The importance of the {sup 5}D{sub 0} to {sup 7}F{sub 1} transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Donnell, K. P., E-mail:; Edwards, P. R. [SUPA Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, Scotland (United Kingdom); Yamaga, M. [Department of Mathematical and Design Engineering, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1193 (Japan); Lorenz, K. [IPFN, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Campus Tecnológico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional 10, 2695-066 Bobadela LRS (Portugal); Kappers, M. J. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, 27 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS, England (United Kingdom); Boćkowski, M. [Institute of High Pressure Physics PAS, Sokolowska 29/37, 01-142 Warsaw (Poland)


    Eu-doped GaN is a promising material with potential application not only in optoelectronics but also in magneto-optical and quantum optical devices “beyond the light emitting diode.” Its interesting spectroscopy is unfortunately complicated by spectral overlaps due to “site multiplicity,” the existence in a given sample of multiple composite centers in which Eu ions associate with intrinsic or extrinsic defects. We show here that elementary crystalfield analysis of the {sup 5}D{sub 0} to {sup 7}F{sub 1} transition can critically distinguish such sites. Hence, we find that the center involved in the hysteretic photochromic switching observed in GaN(Mg):Eu, proposed as the basis of a solid state qubit material, is not in fact Eu1, as previously reported, but a related defect, Eu1(Mg). Furthermore, the decomposition of the crystalfield distortions of Eu0, Eu1(Mg), and Eu1 into axial and non-axial components strongly suggests reasonable microscopic models for the defects themselves.

  18. Luminescence Properties of ScPO{sub 4} Single Crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boatner, L.A.; Trukhin, A.N.


    Flux-grown ScPO{sub 4} single crystals exhibit a number of luminescence bands in their x-ray-excited luminescence spectra - including sharp lines arising from rare-earth elements plus a number of broad bands at 5.6 cV, 4.4 eV, and 3 eV. The band at 5.6 eV was attributed to a self-trapped exciton (STE) [l], and it could be excited at 7 eV and higher energies. This luminescence is strongly polarized (P = 70 %) along the optical axes of the crystal and exhibits a kinetic decay time constant that varies from several ns at room temperature to {approximately}10 {micro}s at 60 K and up to {approximately}1 ms at 10 K. It is assumed that the STE is localized on the SC ions. The band at 3 eV can be excited in the range of the ScPO{sub 4} crystal transparency (decay time = 3 to 4 {micro}s.) This band is attributed to a lead impurity that creates different luminescence centers. At high temperatures, the band at 4.4 eV is dominant in the x-ray-excited TSL and afterglow spectra. Its intensity increases with irradiation time beginning at zero at the initial irradiation time. The 4.4 eV band does not appear in a fast process under a pulsed electron beam, showing that accumulation is necessary for its observation. A sample of ScPO{sub 4} doped with vanadium exhibited a prevalent band at 4.4 eV at T = 480 K.

  19. Luminescent properties of ytterbium-doped ternary lanthanum chloride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaminska, A., E-mail: [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Cybinska, J. [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wroclaw, Joliot-Curie 14, 50-383 Wroclaw (Poland); Zhydachevskii, Ya. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 Bandera, Lviv 79646 (Ukraine); Sybilski, P. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Meyer, G. [Department of Chemistry, University of Cologne, Greinstrasse 6, D-50939 Koeln (Germany); Suchocki, A. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of Physics, University of Bydgoszcz, Weyssenhoffa 11, 85-072, Bydgoszcz (Poland)


    Highlights: > Ytterbium-doped ternary lanthanum chloride as a promising light-emitting material. > The luminescence properties of K{sub 2}LaCl{sub 5}:Yb{sup 3+} powders with different Yb concentration. > Very good temperature stability of the powders for higher Yb concentration. - Abstract: Studies of the absorption and temperature dependence of photoluminescence spectra and luminescence decay times of the intra-shell f-f transitions ({sup 2}F{sub 5/2} {r_reversible} {sup 2}F{sub 7/2}) of Yb{sup 3+} ions in K{sub 2}LaCl{sub 5}:Yb{sup 3+} powders with 5, 10, 15 and 25% of ytterbium are presented. The spectroscopic properties of the powders with different ytterbium content are compared. Experiments were performed at the temperatures from 25 to 300 K. The strong emission around 982 nm has been observed under direct excitation of the luminescence center with 960 nm line of continuous wave Ti:sapphire laser pumped by Ar-ion laser. The temperature quenching effect of the luminescence was rather week, especially in the samples with higher concentration of ytterbium (15 and 25%). Additionally the probability of the f-f radiative transitions of the Yb{sup 3+} ions in these powders was almost temperature independent for more heavily doped samples (with 15 and 25% of Yb) and only weakly temperature dependent for less doped samples (with 5 and 10% of Yb). These results reveal high thermal stability of the optical properties of the examined powders.

  20. Thermal quenching of luminescence processes in feldspars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poolton, N.R.J.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Duller, G.A.T.


    of these processes is, in general, thermally dependent, and leads either to enhancement or quenching of the luminescence with increasing temperature. Previous studies have measured the combined thermal activation characteristics of all three processes, and show a strong dependence on stimulation energy......The technique of optically stimulated luminescence has important uses in the dose evaluation of irradiated feldspars. The luminescence process involves the eviction of electrons from donor traps, charge transfer through the conduction band, and recombination at acceptor sites; each....... In this article, an initial attempt is made to isolate only the recombination part of the luminescence cycle, and determine its thermal characteristics separately. A Variety of luminescence transitions are examined in a range of both alkali and plagioclase feldspars; three distinct emission types are identified...

  1. Metal plasmon enhanced europium complex luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu Feng [Department of Chemistry, Queen' s University, 90 Bader Lane, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6 (Canada); Aldea, Gabriela [Department of Chemistry, Queen' s University, 90 Bader Lane, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6 (Canada); Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Iasi, Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda 41A, 700487 Iasi (Romania); Nunzi, Jean-Michel, E-mail: nunzijm@queensu.c [Department of Chemistry, Queen' s University, 90 Bader Lane, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6 (Canada)


    The plasmon enhanced luminescence of a rare-earth complex Tris(6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8-heptafluoro-2, 2-dimethyl-3, 5-octanedionato) europium (Eu(fod){sub 3}) was investigated. A polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) thin film was successfully adopted as a spacer to separate the Eu complex from the silver island film (SIF), and five-fold enhancement of the radiative decay rate of the Eu complex on SIF was demonstrated based on the luminescence intensity and lifetime measurement. Investigation of the distance dependent luminescence indicates that 7 nm is an optimal distance for SIF enhanced Eu luminescence. Plasmon enhanced rare-earth luminescence based on an organic film spacer would find potential applications in plasmon enhanced organic light emitting diode (OLED) devices.

  2. X-ray excited optical luminescence studies on the system BaXY (X ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The present paper reports the experimental observations on the x-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) along with the afterglow and colour center features found for the barium salts, represented by the formula, Ba, where and are the halides. The system thus consists of four dihalides (BaF2, . . . ,BaI2) and six ...

  3. Lanthanide-doped luminescent ionogels. (United States)

    Lunstroot, Kyra; Driesen, Kris; Nockemann, Peter; Van Hecke, Kristof; Van Meervelt, Luc; Görller-Walrand, Christiane; Binnemans, Koen; Bellayer, Séverine; Viau, Lydie; Le Bideau, Jean; Vioux, André


    Ionogels are solid oxide host networks confining at a meso-scale ionic liquids, and retaining their liquid nature. Ionogels were obtained by dissolving lanthanide(III) complexes in the ionic liquid 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [C6mim][Tf2N], followed by confinement of the lanthanide-doped ionic liquid mixtures in the pores of a nano-porous silica network. [C6mim][Ln(tta)4], where tta is 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetonate and Ln=Nd, Sm, Eu, Ho, Er, Yb, and [choline]3[Tb(dpa)3], where dpa=pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate (dipicolinate), were chosen as the lanthanide complexes. The ionogels are luminescent, ion-conductive inorganic-organic hybrid materials. Depending on the lanthanide(III) ion, emission in the visible or the near-infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum was observed. The work presented herein highlights that the confinement did not disturb the first coordination sphere of the lanthanide ions and also showed the excellent luminescence performance of the lanthanide tetrakis beta-diketonate complexes. The crystal structures of the complexes [C6mim][Yb(tta)4] and [choline]3[Tb(dpa)3] are reported.

  4. Luminescence properties of solid solutions LuxY1-xPO4:Eu3+ (United States)

    Levushkina, V. S.; Spassky, D. A.; Tretyakova, M. S.; Zadneprovski, B. I.; Kamenskikh, I. A.; Vasil'ev, A. N.; Belsky, A.


    Solid solutions LuxY1-xPO4 doped with Eu3+ were synthesized by the sol-gel method. Luminescence spectra under UV and X-ray excitation and luminescence excitation spectra in the UV-VUV energy range are presented. Observed variations of the structure of 4f-4f Eu3+ lines with the composition of the solid solution are explained by the fluctuations in the distribution of substitutional cations. The role of electronic structure modification in the fundamental absorption region with changing Y/Lu ratio is discussed and is suggested as the origin of different efficiency of energy transfer to Eu3+ in this region. Temperature dependence of the luminescence yield is related to the competition between emission centers and traps.

  5. Structure study and luminescence thermochromism in hexanuclear 6-methyl-2-pyridinethiolato copper(I) crystals. (United States)

    Xie, Haiyan; Kinoshita, Isamu; Karasawa, Tsutomu; Kimura, Kentarou; Nishioka, Takanori; Akai, Ichiro; Kanemoto, Katsuichi


    The structure of hexanuclear 6-methyl-2-pyridinethiolato copper(I) [Cu6(6-mpyt)(6)] crystals has been studied by the X-ray diffraction analysis. These crystals show highly efficient luminescence whose color changes drastically from red to green-blue with lowering temperature from room temperature (RT) to liquid nitrogen temperature (LNT). This is a new example of luminescence thermochromism for hexanuclear copper(I) cluster compounds. Two relaxed luminescence bands appear predominantly: one (CC-band), red luminescence appearing in the lower-energy region around 1.8 eV at higher temperature, is assigned to the transition between intramolecular orbitals (MO) of a Cu cluster center (CC), and the other (CT-band), green-blue luminescence appearing at the higher energy side of 2.6 eV than the CC-band at lower temperature, is assigned to a charge transfer (CT) transition from the CC-MO to a ligand MO. Additionally, the CT band can be deconvoluted to two subbands CT(L) and CT(H). The intensities of the CC- and the CT-bands change complementarily with temperature via a thermal activation process, giving the thermochromism. All of these band shapes can be fitted by a Gaussian function, and their widths are fairly large obeying the hyperbolic cotangent law. These features reflect our system to be a strong electron-lattice coupling one. The relaxation process of the photoexcited states is discussed in terms of a configuration coordinate model.

  6. Luminescence efficiency during ion implantation of sapphire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alghamdi, A.; Townsend, P.D. (Sussex Univ., Brighton (UK). School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences)


    Luminescence signals produced during ion implantation of sapphire are related to the F,F{sup +} and F{sub 2} defect centres. However, the efficiency of light production changes with ion beam dose, the rate of energy deposition and radiation damage, hence the signals are not proportional to the defect concentrations. Data are presented which suggest that the light is primarily produced by electronic excitation. Luminescence efficiency within the region of nuclear collisions is very low. It is not possible to determine the energy dependence of the luminescence intensity, as a function of ion energy, by energy variations within a single target crystal. (author).

  7. Polymeric Luminescent Compositions Doped with Beta-Diketonates Boron Difluoride as Material for Luminescent Solar Concentrator (United States)

    Khrebtov, A. A.; Fedorenko, E. V.; Reutov, V. A.


    In this paper we investigated polymeric luminescent compositions based on polystyrene doped with beta diketonates boron difluoride. Transparent films with effective absorption in the ultraviolet and blue regions of the spectrum were obtained. Polymeric luminescent compositions based on the mixture of dyes allow expanding the absorption region and increase the radiation shift. A luminescent solar concentrator consisting of a glass plate coated with such film can be used for photovoltaic window application.

  8. Luminescence properties of uranyl-acetate species

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkmann, Hannes; Moll, Henry [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Inst. of Resource Ecology; Stumpf, Thorsten [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Biogeochemistry


    Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) was applied to characterize uranium(VI)- acetate species based on their luminescence properties. In contrast to previous interpretations, no indications were detected for the existence of the 1: 3 complex.

  9. Calibration beads containing luminescent lanthanide ion complexes (United States)

    The reliability of lanthanide luminescence measurements, by both flow cytometry and digital microscopy, will be enhanced by the availability of narrow-band emitting lanthanide calibration beads. These beads can also be used to characterize spectrographic instruments, including mi...

  10. Application of luminescence techniques in retrospective dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Jungner, H.


    Luminescence signals measured from minerals within bricks or ceramic samples can provide information about the absorbed radiation dose. This feature has for several years been used in dating archaeological and geological samples and recently luminescence techniques have been intensively used far...... retrospective assessment of accident doses received by the population after a nuclear accident. The development of new luminescence techniques after the Chernobyl accident has considerably improved the sensitivity and precision in the evaluation of accident doses. This paper reviews the development work......, especially on optically stimulated luminescence methods for retrospective assessment of accident doses carried out at Riso National Laboratory in collaboration with the University of Helsinki as part bf a joint European Union research project. We demonstrate that doses lower than 100 mGy can be measured from...

  11. Luminescence basic concepts, applications and instrumentation

    CERN Document Server

    Virk, Hardev Singh


    The word luminescence was first used by a German physicist, Eilhardt Wiedemann, in 1888. He also classified luminescence into six kinds according to the method of excitation. No better basis of classification is available today. He recognized photoluminescence, thermoluminescence, electroluminescence, crystalloluminescence, triboluminescence, and chemiluminescence. The designations are obvious, characterized by the prefix. This Volume consists of 9 Chapters, including 8 Review Papers and one Case Study. The first two papers are based on OLEDs. Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been th

  12. Luminescence Properties of RDX and HMX (United States)


    than the sum of the van der Waals radii. The molecule is nonplanar in the crystal. 4 HMX can be crystallized in any of four polymorphic forms: the so...AD-AO15 538 LUMINESCENCE PROPERTIES OF RDX AND HMX Paul L. Marinkas Picatinny Arsenal Dover, New Jersey August 1975 DISTRIBUTED BY: National...Technical Information Service U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE • i 289106. TECHNICAL REPORT 4840 LUMINESCENCE PROPERTIES, OF RDX AND HMX PAULL. MARINKAS -’-I

  13. Synthesis of luminescent ceramics from alumina nanopowder (United States)

    Kortov, V.; Kiryakov, A.; Ananchenko, D.; Zvonarev, S.


    The effect of the conditions of high-temperature synthesis in a reducing medium on the density, area and cathodoluminescence of ceramics made of compacted α-Al2O3 powder is the focus of this work. The dependence of the luminescence intensity on the temperature and duration of the synthesis of ceramics is presented. The optimal parameters for synthesis of luminescent ceramics from alumina nanopowder are defined.

  14. Luminescence and scintillation properties of LuPO{sub 4}-Ce nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vistovskyy, V., E-mail: [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8 Kyryla i Mefodiya, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Malyy, T. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8 Kyryla i Mefodiya, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Pushak, A. [Ukraine Academy of Printing, 19 Pidgolosko Str., 79020 Lviv (Ukraine); Vas’kiv, A. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8 Kyryla i Mefodiya, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Shapoval, A.; Mitina, N. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 S. Bandera, 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Gektin, A. [Institute for Scintillation Materials, NAS of Ukraine, 60 Lenina Avenue, 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Zaichenko, A. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 S. Bandera, 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Voloshinovskii, A. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8 Kyryla i Mefodiya, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine)


    Study of the spectral-luminescence parameters of LuPO{sub 4}-Ce nanoparticles upon the excitation by X-ray quanta and synchrotron radiation with photon energies of 4–25 eV was performed. Nanoparticles with mean size about a=35 nm and nanoparticles with size less than 12 nm reveal the different structures of cerium centers. Luminescence efficiency of LuPO{sub 4}-Ce nanoparticles of a<12 nm size strongly decreases upon the excitation in the range of band-to-band transitions as well as in the case of X-ray excitation. -- Highlights: • Luminescence of LuPO{sub 4}-Ce nanoparticles studied using synchrotron and X-ray excitation. • Different structure of Ce{sup 3+}-centers has been revealed for LuPO{sub 4}-Ce nanoparticles. • Luminescence of LuPO{sub 4}-Ce with size less than 12 nm is strongly quenched upon the X-ray excitation.

  15. Nature of red luminescence band in research-grade ZnO single crystals: A "self-activated" configurational transition (United States)

    Chen, Y. N.; Xu, S. J.; Zheng, C. C.; Ning, J. Q.; Ling, F. C. C.; Anwand, W.; Brauer, G.; Skorupa, W.


    By implanting Zn+ ions into research-grade intentionally undoped ZnO single crystal for facilitating Zn interstitials (Zni) and O vacancies (VO) which is revealed by precise X-Ray diffraction rocking curves, we observe an apparent broad red luminescence band with a nearly perfect Gaussian lineshape. This red luminescence band has the zero phonon line at ˜2.4 eV and shows distinctive lattice temperature dependence which is well interpreted with the configurational coordinate model. It also shows a low "kick out" thermal energy and small thermal quenching energy. A "self-activated" optical transition between a shallow donor and the defect center of Zni-VO complex or VZnVO di-vacancies is proposed to be responsible for the red luminescence band. Accompanied with the optical transition, large lattice relaxation simultaneously occurs around the center, as indicated by the generation of multiphonons.

  16. Luminescence dating at Rose cottage cave: a progress report

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Woodborne, S


    Full Text Available Deal with infrared-stimulated luminescence and thermoluminescence dates from Rose Cottage Cave in South Africa. Discrepancy between luminescence and radiocarbon dates; Concentration of radioactive elements in sediments before and after leaching...

  17. Europium enabled luminescent nanoparticles for biomedical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Syamchand, S.S., E-mail:; Sony, G., E-mail:


    Lanthanide based nanoparticles are receiving great attention ought to their excellent luminescent and magnetic properties and find challenging biomedical applications. Among the luminescent lanthanide NPs, europium based NPs (Eu-NPs) are better candidates for immunoassay and imaging applications. The Eu-NPs have an edge over quantum dots (QDs) by means of their stable luminescence, long fluorescence lifetime, sharp emission peaks with narrow band width, lack of blinking and biocompatibility. This review surveys the synthesis and properties of a variety of Eu-NPs consolidated from different research articles, for their applications in medicine and biology. The exquisite luminescent properties of Eu-NPs are explored for developing biomedical applications such as immunoassay and bioimaging including multimodal imaging. The biomedical applications of Eu-NPs are mostly diagnostic in nature and mainly focus on various key analytes present in biological systems. The luminescent properties of europium enabled NPs are influenced by a number of factors such as the site symmetry, the metal nanoparticles, metal ions, quantum dots, surfactants, morphology of Eu-NPs, crystal defect, phenomena like antenna effect and physical parameters like temperature. Through this review we explore and assimilate all the factors which affect the luminescence in Eu-NPs and coil a new thread of parameters that control the luminescence in Eu-NPs, which would provide further insight in developing Eu-based nanoprobes for future biomedical prospects. - Highlights: • The review describes 14 major factors that influence the luminescence properties of europium enabled luminescent nanoparticles (Eu-NPs). • Surveys different types of europium containing nanoparticles that have been reported for their biomedical applications. • Eu-NPs are conveniently divided into four different categories, based on the type of the substrates involved. The four categories are (1) virgin Eu-substrate based NPs; (2

  18. Luminescent polymethyl methacrylate modified by gamma radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morais, Guilherme F. [Faculdade de Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (FATEC-ZL), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Forster, Pedro L.; Marchini, Leonardo G.; Lugao, Ademar B.; Parra, Duclerc F., E-mail: dfparra@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)


    Thin films of PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) doped with luminescent complexes have been studied and developed for applications in advanced technologies. The problem of stability of these films is focused in this study. Films stabilization by reaction with fluorinated monomers is a recent study that aims to increase its luminescence properties for long time. The films were prepared by dilution of PMMA in chloroform with addition of europium complex, at proportion of 5% by weight of polymer. The luminescent polymer films were obtained by casting. Thin layer slides of the film were separated in three parts. One was reacted with fluorinated monomers (C{sub 2}F{sub 4}) in closed reactor for 48 hours. A second part was reacted with C{sub 2}F{sub 4} after irradiation in gamma source at 5 kGy in simultaneous process. The last part was used as obtained. The luminescent polymer matrices were characterized using the techniques of infrared (FTIR) and thermogravimetry (TGA/DTG). Samples of the films were, in presence of fluorine monomers, exposed to ionizing radiation in dose of 5 kGy, for react with monomers in the doped polymer surface. In this case the effects of radiation were evaluated on the luminescent films. (author)

  19. [Influence of aflatoxin on Vibrio fischeri luminescence]. (United States)

    Li, Xiang; Pan, Li; Wang, Bin


    In the present study, we aim to evaluate the inhibitory effect of aflatoxin on Vibrio fischeri luminescence. V. fischeri culture is treated with aflatoxin or the culture broth of aflatoxin-producing strains, and the luminescence intensity of V. fischeri is detected to analyze the influence of aflatoxin on V. fischeri. The logarithmic value of aflatoxin concentration and the decrease ratio of V. fischeri luminescence is in a linear relationship. Based on the regression equation between aflatoxin concentration and luminescence decrease of V. fischeri, the toxin-producing status of different microbes can be detected quickly and exactly: all of six tested Aspergillus flavus strains show toxigenicity to V. fischeri, and their toxin yield reached 14.94 mg/L - 46.45 mg/L (represented by aflatoxin concentration), while the tested Aspergillus oryzae shows no toxigenicity. The above data showed that the luminescence change of V. fischeri could exactly reflect the capability of various microbes to produce toxin (especially aflatoxin), which provided a new clue for rapid detection of aflatoxin in industrial and agricultural production and could be developed as a potential method for aflatoxin assay.

  20. High-Temperature Luminescence Quenching of Colloidal Quantum Dots


    Zhao, Y.; Riemersma, C.; Pietra, F; de Mello Donega, C.; Meijerink, A.


    Thermal quenching of quantum dot (QD) luminescence is important for application in luminescent devices. Systematic studies of the quenching behavior above 300 K are, however, lacking. Here, high-temperature (300–500 K) luminescence studies are reported for highly efficient CdSe core–shell quantum dots (QDs), aimed at obtaining insight into temperature quenching of QD emission. Through thermal cycling (yoyo) experiments for QDs in polymer matrices, reversible and irreversible luminescence quen...

  1. High-Temperature Luminescence Quenching of Colloidal Quantum Dots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhao, Y.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/355358352; Riemersma, C.; Pietra, F|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/355358395; de Mello Donega, C.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/125593899; Meijerink, A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/075044986


    Thermal quenching of quantum dot (QD) luminescence is important for application in luminescent devices. Systematic studies of the quenching behavior above 300 K are, however, lacking. Here, high-temperature (300–500 K) luminescence studies are reported for highly efficient CdSe core–shell quantum

  2. Thermally stimulated luminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance studies on uranium doped calcium phosphate

    CERN Document Server

    Natarajan, V; Veeraraghavan, R; Sastry, M D


    Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies on uranium doped calcium phosphate yielded mechanistic information on the observed glow peaks at 365, 410 and 450 K. TSL spectral studies of the glow peaks showed that UO sub 2 sup 2 sup + acts as the luminescent center. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies on gamma-irradiated samples revealed that the predominant radiation induced centers are H sup 0 , PO sub 4 sup 2 sup - , PO sub 3 sup 2 sup - and O sup - ion. Studies on the temperature dependence studies of the EPR spectra of samples annealed to different temperatures indicate the role of H sup 0 and PO sub 4 sup 2 sup - ions in the main glow peak at 410 K.

  3. Vapochromic luminescence and flexibility control of porous coordination polymers by substitution of luminescent multinuclear Cu(I) cluster nodes. (United States)

    Hayashi, Takahiro; Kobayashi, Atsushi; Ohara, Hiroki; Yoshida, Masaki; Matsumoto, Takeshi; Chang, Ho-Chol; Kato, Masako


    Two luminescent porous coordination polymers (PCPs), i.e., [Cu2(μ2-I)2ctpyz]n and [Cu4(μ3-I)4ctpyz]n (Cu2 and Cu4, respectively; ctpyz = cis-1,3,5-cyclohexanetriyl-2,2',2″-tripyrazine), were successfully synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and luminescence spectroscopic measurements. Cu2 consists of rhombus-type dinuclear {Cu2I2} cores bridged by ctpyz ligands, while Cu4 is constructed of cubane-type tetranuclear {Cu4I4} cores bridged by ctpyz ligands. The void fraction of Cu4 is estimated to be 48.0%, which is significantly larger than that of Cu2 (19.9%). Under UV irradiation, both PCPs exhibit red luminescence at room temperature in the solid state (λem values of 660 and 614 nm for Cu2 and Cu4, respectively). Although the phosphorescence of Cu2 does not change upon removal and/or adsorption of EtOH solvent molecules in the porous channels, the solid-state emission maximum of Cu4 red-shifts by 36 nm (λem = 650 nm) upon the removal of the adsorbed benzonitrile (PhCN) molecules from the porous channels (and vice versa). This large difference in the vapochromic behavior of Cu2 and Cu4 is closely related to the framework flexibility. The framework of Cu2 is sufficiently rigid to retain the porous structure without solvated EtOH molecules, whereas the porous structure of Cu4 collapses easily after removal of the adsorbed PhCN molecules to form a nonporous amorphous phase. The original vapor-adsorbed porous structure of Cu4 is regenerated by exposure of the amorphous solid to not only PhCN vapor but also tetrahydrofuran, acetone, ethyl acetate, and N,N-dimethylformamide vapors. The Cu4 structures with the various adsorbed solvents showed almost the same emission maxima as the original PhCN-adsorbed Cu4, except for DMF-adsorbed Cu4, which showed no luminescence probably because of weak coordination of the DMF vapor molecules to the Cu(I) centers of the tetranuclear {Cu4I4} core.

  4. Interplay between chromium content and lattice disorder on persistent luminescence of ZnGa{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Cr{sup 3+} for in vivo imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Suchinder K.; Bessière, Aurelie [Institut de Recherche de Chimie-Paris, CNRS – Chimie-ParisTech, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); Basavaraju, Neelima; Priolkar, Kaustubh R. [Department of Physics, Goa University, Goa 403206 (India); Binet, Laurent; Viana, Bruno [Institut de Recherche de Chimie-Paris, CNRS – Chimie-ParisTech, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); Gourier, Didier, E-mail: [Institut de Recherche de Chimie-Paris, CNRS – Chimie-ParisTech, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France)


    In the quest of bright and long persistent far-red/near-infrared phosphors for in vivo optical imaging, the interest in the family of ZnGa{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel compounds doped with Cr{sup 3+} has been aroused in the most recent years. We show that the dopant concentration plays an important role in the total persistent luminescence output of the material. ZnGa{sub 2}O{sub 4} doped with 0.25%, 0.50% and 0.75% Cr relative to (Ga+Cr) was prepared by solid state synthesis. 0.50% Cr was found optimal to obtain the most intense persistent luminescence after matrix excitation with X-rays or localized excitation in Cr{sup 3+} absorption band with 550 nm wavelength. Up to 0.5% Cr content, persistent luminescence increases as a consequence of an increased number of Cr{sup 3+} luminescent centers and associated defects. With 0.75% Cr content, a too large number of defects locally concentrated around Cr{sup 3+} ions are detrimental to the long-term persistent luminescence intensity. We supplement long lasting phosphorescence investigation with laser excited photoluminescence and thermally stimulated luminescence results. - Highlights: • The red persistent luminescence of ZnGa{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Cr is optimum for 0.50% Cr{sup 3+} doping. • Higher doping introduces lattice disorder. • The phenomenon is studied by correlating photoluminescence, EPR and thermoluminescence.

  5. Persistent Luminescence Hole-Type Materials by Design: Transition-Metal-Doped Carbon Allotrope and Carbides. (United States)

    Qu, Bingyan; Zhang, Bo; Wang, Lei; Zhou, Rulong; Zeng, Xiao Cheng; Li, Liang


    Electron traps play a crucial role in a wide variety of compounds of persistent luminescence (PL) materials. However, little attention has been placed on the hole-trap-type PL materials. In this study, a novel hole-dominated persistent luminescence (PL) mechanism is predicted. The mechanism is validated in the night pearl diamond (NPD) composed of lonsdaleite with ultralong persistent luminescence (PL) (more than 72 h). The computed band structures suggest that the Fe ion dopant in lonsdaleite is responsible for the luminescence of NPD due to the desired defect levels within the band gap for electronic transition. Other possible impurity defects in lonsdaleite, such as K, Ca, Mg, Zn, or Tl dopants, or C vacancy can also serve as the hole-trap centers to enhance the PL. Among other 3d transition-metal-ion dopants considered, Cr and Mn ions are predicted to give rise to PL property. The predicted PL mechanism via transition-metal doping of lonsdaleite offers an exciting opportunity for engineering new PL materials by design.

  6. Synthesis of porous silicon nano-wires and the emission of red luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Congli, Sun [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University (China); Hao, Hu [National Engineering Research Center for Biomaterials, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan (China); Huanhuan, Feng; Jingjing, Xu; Yu, Chen; Yong, Jin; Zhifeng, Jiao [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University (China); Xiaosong, Sun, E-mail: [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University (China)


    This very paper is focusing on the characterization of porous silicon nano-wires prepared via a two-step route, the electroless chemical etching and the following post-treatment of HF/HNO{sub 3} solution. Hence, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and confocal fluorescence microscopy are employed for this purpose. From the results of experiments, one can find that the as-prepared silicon nano-wire is of smooth surface and that no visible photo-luminescence emission could be seen. However, the porous structure can be found in the silicon nano-wire treated with HF/HNO{sub 3} solution, and the clear photo-luminescence emission of 630 nm can be recorded with a confocal fluorescence microscope. The transmission electron microscopy test tells that the porous silicon nano-wire is made up of a porous crystalline silicon nano-core and a rough coating of silicon oxide. Besides, based on the post-HF- and -H{sub 2}O{sub 2}- treatments, the emission mechanism of the red luminescence has been discussed and could be attributed to the quantum confinement/luminescence center model which could be simply concluded as that the electron–hole pairs are mainly excited inside the porous silicon nano-core and then tunneling out and recombining at the silicon oxide coating.

  7. Blue luminescence of SrTiO3 under intense optical excitation (United States)

    Rubano, A.; Paparo, D.; Granozio, F. Miletto; Scotti di Uccio, U.; Marrucci, L.


    The blue-green photoluminescence emitted by pure and electron-doped strontium titanate under intense pulsed near-ultraviolet excitation is studied experimentally as a function of excitation intensity and temperature. Both emission spectra and time-resolved decays of the emission are measured and analyzed in the framework of simple phenomenological models. We find an interesting blue-to-green transition occurring for increasing temperatures in pure samples, which is absent in doped materials. The luminescence yield and decay rate measured as a function of temperature can be modeled well as standard activated behaviors. The leading electron-hole recombination process taking place in the initial decay is established to be second order, or bimolecular, in contrast to recent reports favoring a third-order interpretation as an Auger process. The temporal decay of the luminescence can be described well by a model based on two interacting populations of excitations, respectively identified with interacting defect-trapped (possibly forming excitons) and mobile charges. Finally, from the measured doping and sample dependence of the luminescence yield, we conclude that the radiative centers responsible for the luminescence are probably intrinsic structural defects other than bulk oxygen vacancies.

  8. Time dependence of the luminescence intensity in CdI2-Cd and CdI2-Ag crystals (United States)

    Bolesta, I. M.; Vel'gosh, S. R.; Karbovnik, I. D.; Lesivtsiv, V. N.; Rovetskii, I. N.


    The decrease in the luminescence intensity (luminescence "fatigue") of long-wavelength emission bands with time in CdI2-Cd (λmax = 700 nm) and CdI2-Ag (λmax = 680 nm) crystals upon exposure to light in the fundamental absorption region has been studied. The process parameters, i.e., the capture cross section σ and the fraction β of centers disappeared during interband irradiation, have been determined. The model of electronic processes has been proposed, within which experimental data have been consistently explained.

  9. Luminescent, optical and color properties of natural rose quartz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kibar, R. [Department of Physics, Science Faculty, Ege University, 35100 Bornova-Izmir (Turkey); Garcia-Guinea, J. [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Cetin, A.; Selvi, S. [Department of Physics, Science Faculty, Ege University, 35100 Bornova-Izmir (Turkey); Karal, T. [Institute of Nuclear Science, Ege University, 35100 Bornova-Izmir (Turkey); Can, N. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Celal Bayar University, 45140 Muradiye-Manisa (Turkey)], E-mail:


    Rose quartz is an interesting mineral with numerous impurities that have been studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), cathodoluminescence (CL), ion beam luminescence (IBL), radioluminescence (RL), thermoluminescence (TL) and optical absorption (OA). After HF etching, rose quartz from Oliva de Plasencia (Caceres, Spain) shows under SEM the presence of other silicate phases such as dumortierite [Al{sub 6.5-7}(BO{sub 3})(SiO{sub 4}){sub 3}(O,OH){sub 3}]. The OA spectrum of rose quartz suggests that these inclusions are the cause of coloration of rose quartz. The luminescence (CL, IBL, RL, TL) spectra behavior, at both room temperature and lower, confirms that the {approx}340nm emission could be associated with Si-O strain structures, including non-bridging oxygen or silicon vacancy-hole centers; the observed {approx}400nm emission could be associated with recombination of a hole trapped adjacent to a substitutional, charge-compensated aluminum alkali ion center; the {approx}500nm emission could be associated with substitutional Al{sup 3+} and the {approx}700nm peak could be associated with Fe{sup 3+} point defects in Si{sup 4+} sites. These results suggest that, while defect properties of rose quartz are not greatly dissimilar to those of purer forms of quartz and silica, further research seems necessary to determine criteria for the evolution of the newly-formed self-organized microstructures in the rose quartz lattice under irradiation.

  10. Doping-induced luminescence in polyacetylene (United States)

    Kürti, J.; Kuzmany, H.


    In situ measurements of the emission of secondary radiation from trans-polyacetylene during electrochemical p and n doping are reported. The luminescencelike emission was observed to be reversible with the doping and undoping process, and it was independent with respect to three different electrolyte systems: Li+ClO-4 in sulfolane, Li+ClO-4 in propylenecarbonate, and Li+BF-4 in propylenecarbonate, which proves its origin from the polymer backbone. No reversible luminescence occurs during n doping. The intensity of the luminescence spectrum has a maximum for the laser excitation in the yellow-green spectral region. The maximum position of the luminescence spectrum shifts by about 3000 cm-1 for a shift of the excitation energy of 7000 cm-1. The observed luminescence phenomena are explained by the polaron-doping mechanism in the disordered part of the sample and photoselective resonance process. A quantitative description is presented by calculating the energy for polaron levels by the Hückel method including geometry relaxation.

  11. Luminescent Mycena: new and noteworthy species (United States)

    Dennis E. Desjardin; D. Jean Lodge; Cassius V. Stevani; Eiji. Nagasawa


    Seven species of Mycena are reported as luminescent, representing specimens collected in Belize, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Japan (Bonin Islands), Malaysia (Borneo) and Puerto Rico. Four of them represent new species (Mycena luxaeterna, M. luxarboricola, M. luxperpetua, M. silvaelucens) and three represent new reports of...

  12. Thermally stimulated luminescence studies in combustion ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    Photoluminescence; thermoluminescence; gamma irradiation; colour centres. 1. Introduction. Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL), also called thermoluminescence (TL), is extensively used as a techni- que in dosimetry. The energy absorbed by a phosphor on being exposed to some ionizing radiation is released as.

  13. Studies of positron induced luminescence from polymers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, J.; Hulett, L.D. Jr.; Lewis, T.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Tolk, N.H. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy


    Light emission from polymers (anthracene dissolved in polystryrene) induced by low-energy positrons and electrons has been studied. Results indicate a clear difference between optical emissions under positron and electron bombardment. The positron-induced luminescence spectrum is believed to be generated by both collisional and annihilation processes.

  14. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence property ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence property of a three dimensional Sm(III) coordination polymer with. 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid. KRANTHI KUMAR GANGU, ANIMA S DADHICH and. SARATCHANDRA BABU MUKKAMALA. ∗. Department of Chemistry, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam 530 045, ...

  15. luminescence in coloured alkali halide crystals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    electron emission and luminescence associated with the plastic deformation of ionic crys- tals. Chandra [28,29] has reported the dependence of ML of coloured alkali halide crystals on different parameters. Several workers have reported that post-irradiation deformation causes deformation bleaching in coloured alkali ...

  16. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence property ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 12. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence property of a three dimensional Sm(III) coordination polymer with 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid. Kranthi Kumar Gangu Anima S Dadhich Saratchandra Babu Mukkamala. Volume 127 Issue 12 ...

  17. Understanding the influence of nanoenvironment on luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The role of the rare-earth ion concentration, crystal size and crystal phase on the up- and downconversion emission of rare-earth ions in oxide nanocrystals and their underlying mechanisms are discussed. It is also found that the luminescence lifetime of the excited state rare-earth ions is sensitive to the particle crystalline ...

  18. Synthesis, spectroscopic, electrochemical and luminescence studies ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    hydrazino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole (LH2) as co-ligand were synthesised and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV/Vis, 1H NMR spectra and FAB-mass data. The electrochemical and luminescent properties of the complexes were also ...

  19. Combustion synthesis and preliminary luminescence studies of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The polycrystalline sample of LiBaPO4 : Tb3+ (LBPT) was successfully synthesized by solution combustion synthesis and studied for its luminescence characteristics. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve of LBPT material consists of two peaks at 204.54 and 251.21°C. The optimum concentration was 0.005 mol to ...

  20. Synthesis, crystal structure, theoretical study and luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synthesis, crystal structure, theoretical study and luminescence property of a butterfly-like W/Cu/S cluster with 1,10-phenanthroline. AI-HUA CHENa,b, SU-CI MENGc,d, JIN-FANG ZHANGb,c and CHI ZHANGb,c,∗. aSchool of Chemical & Chemical Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224051,.

  1. Combustion synthesis and preliminary luminescence studies of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. The polycrystalline sample of LiBaPO4 : Tb3+ (LBPT) was successfully synthesized by solution com- bustion synthesis and studied for its luminescence characteristics. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve of. LBPT material consists of two peaks at 204.54 and 251.21◦C. The optimum concentration was 0.005 ...

  2. Multistate Luminescent Solar Concentrator "Smart" Windows

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sol, Jeroen A.H.P.; Timmermans, Gilles H.; Breugel, van Abraham J.; Schenning, Albertus P.H.J.; Debije, Michael G.


    A supertwist liquid crystalline luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) "smart" window is fabricated which can be switched electrically between three states: one designed for increased light absorption and electrical generation (the "dark" state), one for transparency (the "light" state), and one for

  3. Silicon photonic resonator-enhanced defect-mediated photodiode for sub-bandgap detection. (United States)

    Doylend, J K; Jessop, P E; Knights, A P


    We describe, model and demonstrate a tunable micro-ring resonator integrated monolithically with a photodiode in a silicon waveguide device. The photodiode is made sensitive to wavelengths at and around 1550nm via the introduction of lattice damage through selective ion implantation. The ring resonator enhances detector responsivity in a 60 mum long waveguide photodiode such that it is 0.14 A/W at -10Vbias with less than 0.2 nA leakage current. The device is tunable such that resonance (and thus detection) can be achieved at any wavelength from 1510 - 1600 nm. We also demonstrate use of the device as a digital switch with integrated power monitoring, 20 dB extinction, and no optical power tapped from the output path to the photodiode. A theoretical description suggests that for a critically coupled resonator where the round trip loss is dominated by the excess defects used to mediate detection, the maximum responsivity is independent of device length. This leads to the possibility of extremely small detector geometries in silicon photonics with no requirement for the use of III-V materials or germanium.

  4. Semiconducting polymer encapsulated mesoporous silica particles with conjugated Europium complexes: toward enhanced luminescence under aqueous conditions. (United States)

    Zhang, Jixi; Prabhakar, Neeraj; Näreoja, Tuomas; Rosenholm, Jessica M


    Immobilization of lanthanide organic complexes in meso-organized hybrid materials for luminescence applications have attracted immense interest due to the possibility of controlled segregation at the nanoscopic level for novel optical properties. Aimed at enhancing the luminescence intensity and stability of the hybrid materials in aqueous media, we developed polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) stabilized, semiconducting polymer (poly(9-vinylcarbazole), PVK) encapsulated mesoporous silica hybrid particles grafted with Europium(III) complexes. Monosilylated β-diketonate ligands (1-(2-naphthoyl)-3,3,3-trifluoroacetonate, NTA) were first co-condensed in the mesoporous silica particles as pendent groups for bridging and anchoring the lanthanide complexes, resulting in particles with an mean diameter of ∼ 450 nm and a bimodal pore size distribution centered at 3.5 and 5.3 nm. PVK was encapsulated on the resulted particles by a solvent-induced surface precipitation process, in order to seal the mesopores and protect Europium ions from luminescence quenching by producing a hydrophobic environment. The obtained polymer encapsulated MSN-EuLC@PVK-PVP particles exhibit significantly higher intrinsic quantum yield (Φ(Ln) = 39%) and longer lifetime (τ(obs) = 0.51 ms), as compared with those without polymer encapsulation. Most importantly, a high luminescence stability was realized when MSN-EuLC@PVK-PVP particles were dispersed in various aqueous media, showing no noticeable quenching effect. The beneficial features and positive attributes of both mesoporous silica and semiconducting polymers as lanthanide-complex host were merged in a single hybrid carrier, opening up the possibility of using these hybrid luminescent materials under complex aqueous conditions such as biological/physiological environments.

  5. Optical characterization of luminescent silicon nanocrystals embedded in glass matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Debieu, Olivier


    Interstellar dust in nebulae and in the Diffuse Interstellar Medium (DISM) of galaxies contains a component which exhibits efficient visible-near infrared luminescence ranging from 500 to 1000 nm, known as Extended Red Emission (ERE). Silicon nanocrystals (nc-Si) are discussed as possible carriers of the ERE. We employed the accelerator facilities of the Institute of Solid State Physics of the University of Jena to implant Si ions into fused silica windows. An excess concentration of silicon atoms is thus produced in the host SiO{sub 2} matrix which, by applying an annealing at 1100 C, condensates to silicon nanoparticles and crystallizes. Although the condensation and crystallization occur after an annealing of one minute,10, 15 the samples were annealed during one hour in order to well-passivate the nc-Si, that means, to reduce effectively the number of Si-dangling bonds at the nc-Si surface that are efficient non-radiative recombination centers. 10, 16 Upon excitation with UV light, most of our nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} samples revealed strong PL. We implanted into our luminescent nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} systems other atomic elements, as for instance magnesium and calcium, which form silicates if their oxide is combined with SiO{sub 2}. The purpose is to simulate the conditions for silicates containing nc-Si. In order to understand the effect of the incorporation of foreign atoms on the PL properties of our nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} systems, we proceeded to similar experiments with Er and Ge. As has been demonstrated by several authors, 17, 18 the presence of nc-Si in a glass matrix enhances considerably the emission of Er{sup 3+} ions at 1.536{mu}m. At the same time, the PL of nc-Si is considerably quenched. Since the solubility of Er in crystalline silicon is about 2 orders of magnitude lower than in SiO{sub 2}, the optically active Er{sup 3+} ions are believed to be localized outside the nc-Si core, demonstrating that ions present in the host SiO{sub 2} matrix influence the PL

  6. Luminescent polymethacrylate composite nanofibers containing a benzoic acid rare earth complex: Morphology and luminescence properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Fulai [Tianjin Municipal Key Lab of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 300387 Tianjin (China); Xi, Peng, E-mail: [Tianjin Municipal Key Lab of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 300387 Tianjin (China); State Key laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100080 Beijing (China); Xia, Haiying; Wang, Chaohua; Gao, Li [Tianjin Municipal Key Lab of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 300387 Tianjin (China); Cheng, Bowen, E-mail: [Tianjin Municipal Key Lab of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 300387 Tianjin (China)


    Highlights: • We synthesize PMMA composite nanofibers containing benzoic acid rare earth complex. • We investigate the effects of nanofiber morphology on luminescence properties. • Nanofibers with different morphologies had different luminescence characteristics. • Fluorescence intensity and emission lifetime of porous nanobeads were the highest. • Nanofibers with a porous structure showed the stronger fluorescent recognition ability. - Abstract: In this study, we systematically investigated the morphologies and luminescence properties of luminescent polymethacrylate composite nanofibers containing a benzoic acid rare earth complex. The analysis results indicated that the benzoic acid rare earth complex, Tb(4-methylbenzoic acid){sub 3}phen, was distributed uniformly in the polymethacrylate nanofibers, which were fabricated by electrostatic spinning. The Tb(4-methylbenzoic acid){sub 3}phen content in the polymethacrylate nanofibers was as high as 20% (mass%). The emission peaks of the as-prepared polymethacrylate composite nanofibers corresponded to the characteristic {sup 5}D{sub 4}–{sup 7}F{sub 6,5,4,3} transitions of Tb{sup 3+} ions. The highest emission peak was observed at 548 nm and corresponded to the {sup 5}D{sub 4}–{sup 7}F{sub 5} transition. When the Tb(4-methylbenzoic acid){sub 3}phen content was less than 1%, even a 0.2% increase in the content increased the fluorescence intensity markedly. The thermal stability of the rare earth complex was higher in the as-prepared nanofibers; the initial decomposition temperature of the polymethacrylate composite nanofiber reached 291 °C. Composite nanofibers with different morphologies exhibited different luminescence characteristics. The fluorescence intensity and emission lifetime of porous nanobeads were nine and two times higher, respectively, than those of smooth nanofibers. The better morphological and luminescence properties exhibited by the synthesized luminescent polymethacrylate composite

  7. Thermal behavior of NIR active centers in Bi-doped optical fibers


    Dvoretsky, D. A.; Bufetov, I. A.; Vel'miskin, V. V.; Zlenko, A. S.; Khopin, V. F.; Semenov, S. L.; Guryanov, A. N.; Denisov, L. K.; Dianov, E. M.


    The temperature dependences of optical loss and luminescence spectra have been measured in visible and NIR spectral range for Bi-doped silica and Bi-doped germanosilicate fibers for the first time. The temperature dependence of luminescence lifetime for Si-associated active bismuth centers in germanosilicate fiber was measured. It has been revealed, that distribution of Bi3+ ions across the fiber preform is essentially different as compared to that of NIR active bismuth centers. Data received...

  8. Luminescence and Structure of ZnO Grown by Physical Vapor Deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. García-Gutiérrez


    Full Text Available Nanostructured ZnO was deposited on different substrates (Si, SiO2, and Au/SiO2 by an enhanced physical vapor deposition technique that presents excellent luminescent properties. This technique consists in a horizontal quartz tube reactor that uses ultra-high purity Zn and UHP oxygen as precursors. The morphology and structure of ZnO grown in this work were studied by electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The XRD patterns revealed the highly crystalline phase of wurtzite polycrystalline structure, with a preferred (1011 growth direction. Room temperature cathodoluminescence studies revealed two features in the luminescence properties of the ZnO obtained by this technique, first a high-intensity narrow peak centered at 390 nm (~3.2 eV corresponding to a near band-to-band emission, and secondly, a broad peak centered around 517 nm (2.4 eV, the typical green-yellow luminescence, related to an unintentionally doped ZnO.

  9. Luminescent Properties of Cerium Doped Potassium Iodide Single Crystals in Response to γ-irradiation. (United States)

    Bangaru, S; Saradha, K; Muralidharan, G


    Potassium iodide doped with cerium ions were prepared by Bridgemann Stockbarger technique and investigated by optical absorption, Photoluminescence(PL), Thermoluminescence(TL), Photostimulated Luminescence(PSL) and TL emission. The optical absorption measurement indicates that F and V centers are formed in the crystals during the γ-ray irradiation process. Optical absorption and Photoluminescence studies confirm the presence of cerium ions in the trivalent state. Spectral distribution under the Thermoluminescence Emission(TLE) and Optically Stimulated Luminescence(OSL) support the idea that the defect annihilation process to be due to thermal release of F-electron in KI:Ce(3+) crystals. Both Ce(3+) and Ce(2+) emissions were observed in the Thermoluminescence emission of the crystals. Thermoluminescence(TL) has been identified to be due to thermal release of electron produced during colouration process.

  10. Luminescent and scintillation properties of CsI:Tl films grown by the liquid phase epitaxy method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zorenko, Yu. [Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials (LOM), Electronics Department of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 107 Gen. Tarnawskogo Str., 70017 Lviv (Ukraine); Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, 85-090 Bydgoszcz (Poland); Voznyak, T.; Turchak, R. [Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials (LOM), Electronics Department of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 107 Gen. Tarnawskogo Str., 70017 Lviv (Ukraine); Fedorov, A. [Institute for Scintillation Materials of NAS of Ukraine, 60 Lenina Ave., 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Wiesniewski, K.; Grinberg, M. [Institute of Experimental Physics of Gdansk University, 57 Wita Stwoza, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)


    CsI:Tl films have been crystallized by the liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) method from CsI:Tl (0.3 mol.%) crystalline salt onto CsI substrates. The luminescent and scintillation properties of CsI:Tl films are systematically compared with the corresponding properties of CsI:Tl (0.3 and 0.03%) crystals grown from the melt. The luminescence of CsI:Tl films and CsI:Tl (0.03%) crystals in the bands peaked at 2.52 and 2.22 eV is related to the radiative relaxation from the weak-off and strong-off configurations of excitons localized around Tl{sup +} ions, respectively. Apart from single Tl{sup +} centers, in highly doped CsI:Tl (0.3%) crystals creation of Tl{sup +} dimer centers occurs. These centers form the additional emission bands peaked at 2.42 and 1.98 eV related to the weak-off and strong-off configurations of excitons localized around Tl{sup +} dimer centers. We found that the dominant mechanism of excitation of the strong-off luminescence of localized excitons in CsI:Tl films and crystals is the charge-transfer transition between I{sup -} anions and Tl{sup +} ions in single and dimer centers. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  11. Luminescent lanthanide chelates and methods of use (United States)

    Selvin, Paul R.; Hearst, John


    The invention provides lanthanide chelates capable of intense luminescence. The celates comprise a lanthanide chelator covalently joined to a coumarin-like or quinolone-like sensitizer. Exemplary sensitzers include 2- or 4-quinolones, 2- or 4-coumarins, or derivatives thereof e.g. carbostyril 124 (7-amino-4-methyl-2-quinolone), coumarin 120 (7-amino-4-methyl-2-coumarin), coumarin 124 (7-amino-4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-coumarin), aminomethyltrimethylpsoralen, etc. The chelates form high affinity complexes with lanthanides, such as terbium or europium, through chelator groups, such as DTPA. The chelates may be coupled to a wide variety of compounds to create specific labels, probes, diagnostic and/or therapeutic reagents, etc. The chelates find particular use in resonance energy transfer between chelate-lanthanide complexes and another luminescent agent, often a fluorescent non-metal based resonance energy acceptor. The methods provide useful information about the structure, conformation, relative location and/or interactions of macromolecules.

  12. Photo-Luminescent Targets in Space (United States)

    Maida, James; Kolomenski, Andrei


    Photo-luminescent ("glow in the dark") products have seen a dramatic increase in performance is the last 15 years with the use of a strontium aluminate formulation. Because of this, ISS uses photo-luminescent markers for interior emergency egress guidance. The marker is COTS material composed of strontium aluminate doped with europium, imbedded in PVC and achieves a light emission performance rated at 600/90 (600 mcd at 10 minutes and 90 mcd at 1 hour, 2 mcd is minimum required for human visibility). The ICA goal is to determine this material's effectiveness for use externally on ISS and/or on visiting vehicles, when packaged in Lexan for UV protection. A thermal test was conducted by EC to characterize the luminance emission profile of the material at extreme cold and hot temperatures, such as experienced on ISS.

  13. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of rock surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sohbati, Reza

    There are many examples of rock surfaces, rock art and stone structures whose ages are of great importance to the understanding of various phenomena in geology, climatology and archaeology. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating is a well-established chronological tool that has successfully...... determined the depositional age of a wide variety of fine-grained sediments, from several years to several hundred thousands of years. However, there is no routine OSL dating method applicable to larger clasts such as cobbles, boulders and other rock surfaces. Here the application of quartz OSL to the dating...... of rock surfaces is successfully tested by application to two different quartz-rich rock types (sandstone and quartzite). Together with the measurement of infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) signals as a function of depth into the surface of different granites it is clear that both OSL and IRSL can...

  14. New luminescence measurement facilities in retrospective dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lapp, Torben; Jain, Mayank; Thomsen, Kristina Jørkov


    thermoelectrically cooled NIR sensitive PMT (detection window peak at 855 nm, FWHM 27 nm). Software and electronics have been modified to allow standard TL and OSL measurements in the same sequence as RL measurements. Together with a new bleaching source based on a high-power UV LED (395 nm; 700 mW/cm2......), this facility has been used to measure natural doses in feldspar using the decaying NIR RL signal.Secondly, we present a method for mapping radiation field of the built-in 90Sr/90Y β-source and estimating grain-location specific dose-rates. This is important for the accuracy of single grain results, when......This paper gives a review of recent developments in luminescence measurement facilities on the Risø TL/OSL reader including radio-luminescence (RL), exo-electron and violet stimulation attachments, and a method for characterising and if necessary correcting for beta irradiation source non...

  15. Luminescence from Tube-Arrest Bubbles in Pure Glycerin (United States)

    Chen, Qi-Dai; Wang, Long


    Single transient cavitation bubble with luminescence has been generated in pure glycerin by using the `tube arrest' method. The analyses of high-speed photograph and light emission data suggest that the light emission would be a single bubble sonoluminescence. The luminescence pulse width is observed to vary from sub-nanosecond to about 30 ns. The width and intensity of luminescence pulses increases with the height of the liquid column height and decreases with the liquid temperature.

  16. [Luminescent cytochemical methods of detecting microorganisms]. (United States)

    Ivanovskaia, N P; Osin, N S; Khramov, E N; Zlobin, V N


    The paper shows that the luminescence cytochemical technique can be used for identification of microorganisms and microbiological synthesis products. The method is based on the interaction of specific fluorescence probes (ANS, terbium ions, and beta-diketonate complexes of europium, as well as metal-containing porphyrines) with major microbial intracellular components and toxins. Unlike classical microbiological, immunochemical or biochemical methods of detection, the proposed method has a reasonable versatility, specificity, sensitivity, rapid action, and possible automation.

  17. Broadband luminescence in liquid-solid transition

    CERN Document Server

    Achilov, M F; Trunilina, O V


    Broadband luminescence (BBL) intensity behavior in liquid-solid transition in polyethyleneglycol-600 has been established. Oscillation of BBL intensity observed in liquid-polycrystal transition are not found to observed in liquid-amorphous solid transition. It is shown that application of the theory of electron state tails to interpretation of BBL spectral properties in liquids demands restriction. BBL spectroscopy may be applied for optimization of preparation of polymers with determined properties. (author)

  18. Luminescence color as a characteristic for selection in poultry eggs (United States)

    Rybalova, Natalya B.; Vasiljeva, Ludmilia T.; Zamorskaja, Tatjana; Bychajev, Al.


    This work concerns luminescence of egg shell and chick down and livability and egg production of hens. It was established that the best layers showed orange color of egg shell luminescence at the beginning of the laying period. Yellow color of chick down luminescence indicates on the chicken's good development especially concerning its digestive and circulatory systems, and connects with its future high livability and egg production. So the use of the color of luminescence is advisable as an additional characteristic providing good possibility to forecast the development of a chicken, its resistance for stressors, its livability and egg production afterwards.

  19. On the relationship between luminescence excitation spectra and feldspar mineralogy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poolton, N.R.J.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Johnsen, O.


    Feldspar minerals can be used as naturally occurring radiation dosemeters, with dose assessment commonly using luminescence techniques. Since many feldspars contain radioactive K-40, knowledge of the mineralogy of the luminescent samples being measured is of high importance. Most feldspars contain...... more than trace amounts of highly luminescent Fe3+ impurities, and this article examines the relationship between features of the luminescence excitation spectrum of this ion with sample mineralogy. It is demonstrated that there is a near linear correspondence between the plagioclase feldspar...

  20. Dislocation luminescence in GaN single crystals under nanoindentation (United States)


    This work presents an experimental study on the dislocation luminescence in GaN by nanoindentation, cathodoluminescence, and Raman. The dislocation luminescence peaking at 3.12 eV exhibits a series of special properties in the cathodoluminescence measurements, and it completely disappears after annealing at 500°C. Raman spectroscopy shows evidence for existence of vacancies in the indented region. A comprehensive investigation encompassing cathodoluminescence, Raman, and annealing experiments allow the assignment of dislocation luminescence to conduction-band-acceptor transition involving Ga vacancies. The nanoscale plasticity of GaN can be better understood by considering the dislocation luminescence mechanism. PMID:25593548

  1. Organic scintillators with long luminescent lifetimes for radiotherapy dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beierholm, Anders Ravnsborg; Lindvold, Lars René; Andersen, Claus Erik


    of experiments performed using two organic scintillators, one commercially available and one custom made. The luminescent lifetimes of the scintillators have been measured using i) optical excitation by pulsed UV light, and ii) irradiative excitation using high-energy X-rays from a linac. A luminescent lifetime......Organic scintillators with long luminescent lifetimes can theoretically be used to temporally filter out radiation-induced luminescence and Cerenkov light (the so-called stem signal) when used as fibre-coupled radiotherapy dosimeters. Since the medical linear accelerators (linacs1) used...

  2. Dislocation luminescence in GaN single crystals under nanoindentation. (United States)

    Huang, Jun; Xu, Ke; Fan, Ying Min; Wang, Jian Feng; Zhang, Ji Cai; Ren, Guo Qiang


    This work presents an experimental study on the dislocation luminescence in GaN by nanoindentation, cathodoluminescence, and Raman. The dislocation luminescence peaking at 3.12 eV exhibits a series of special properties in the cathodoluminescence measurements, and it completely disappears after annealing at 500°C. Raman spectroscopy shows evidence for existence of vacancies in the indented region. A comprehensive investigation encompassing cathodoluminescence, Raman, and annealing experiments allow the assignment of dislocation luminescence to conduction-band-acceptor transition involving Ga vacancies. The nanoscale plasticity of GaN can be better understood by considering the dislocation luminescence mechanism.

  3. Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters for Potential Chemosensor Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muthaiah Shellaiah


    Full Text Available Studies of metal nanocluster (M-NCs-based sensors for specific analyte detection have achieved significant progress in recent decades. Ultra-small-size (<2 nm M-NCs consist of several to a few hundred metal atoms and exhibit extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Similar to organic molecules, M-NCs display absorption and emission properties via electronic transitions between energy levels upon interaction with light. As such, researchers tend to apply M-NCs in diverse fields, such as in chemosensors, biological imaging, catalysis, and environmental and electronic devices. Chemo- and bio-sensory uses have been extensively explored with luminescent NCs of Au, Ag, Cu, and Pt as potential sensory materials. Luminescent bi-metallic NCs, such as Au-Ag, Au-Cu, Au-Pd, and Au-Pt have also been used as probes in chemosensory investigations. Both metallic and bi-metallic NCs have been utilized to detect various analytes, such as metal ions, anions, biomolecules, proteins, acidity or alkalinity of a solution (pH, and nucleic acids, at diverse detection ranges and limits. In this review, we have summarized the chemosensory applications of luminescent M-NCs and bi-metallic NCs.

  4. Ion beam induced luminescence of materials

    CERN Document Server

    Brooks, R


    luminescence dead zone at the domain walls. Neodymium-yttrium-aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) was examined and the spectra measured as a function of temperature to show the evolution of intensity of the narrow line emission from the Nd rare earth. Shifts and changes in the intrinsic UV band in the YAG material were also apparent. Thin films of alumina grown on silica on a silicon substrate, along with some that contained copper nanoclusters were also examined. TRIM software was used to model the rate of excitation within the different layers of the material for the various implant energies and to identify the source of the luminescence profile observed in each case. Evidence of thin film interference fringes was apparent in the spectra by fringe patterns modulated onto the luminescence signal as a function of wavelength and film thickness. Analysis of an alkali feldspar material using IBL, and combined with work done using RL and CL experiments, showed a shift towards lower wavelengths of the main red/IR band with ...

  5. Na-rich feldspar as a luminescence dosimeter in infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) dating

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sohbati, Reza; Murray, Andrew; Jain, Mayank


    One of the challenges in dating rock surfaces is the choice of the luminescence mineral. Although quartz is the preferred dosimeter in sediment dating, it is often not sufficiently sensitive when extracted from solid rocks. The intensity of signals from feldspars tends to be much less dependent...... for measurement. This latter problem does not apply to Na-rich feldspar because of the absence of internal radioactivity.The potential application of Na-rich feldspar as a luminescence dosimeter for the IRSL dating of rock surfaces is investigated using a variety of sediment samples from different geological...... settings for which independent age control is available. The blue and yellow luminescence emissions are measured for IR stimulation at 50 °C (IR50), and post-IR IR stimulation at 290 °C (pIRIR290). Thermal stability experiments imply that the corresponding signals in both emissions have comparable thermal...

  6. Luminescence of water or ice as a new detection method for magnetic monopoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollmann Anna Obertacke


    We present analysis techniques to use luminescence in neutrino telescopes and discuss experimental setups to measure the light yield of luminescence for the particular conditions in neutrino detectors.

  7. Luminescence variations in europium-doped silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite nanobiophosphor via three different methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thang, Cao Xuan; Pham, Vuong-Hung, E-mail:


    Highlights: • Europium doped silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite was synthesized by wet chemical synthesis method. • Morphology of nanoparticles depended on the synthesized method. • Photoluminescence intensity of the sample increases with the increasing of Si substitutions, Eu dopants and thermal annealing. - Abstract: This paper reports the first attempt for the synthesis of europium-doped Si-substituted hydroxyapatite (HA) nanostructure to achieve strong and stable luminescence of nanobiophosphor, particularly, by addition of different Eu dopants, Si substitutions, and application of optimum annealing temperatures of up to 1000 °C. The nanobiophosphor was synthesized by the coprecipitation, microwave, and hydrothermal methods. The nanoparticles demonstrated a nanowire to a spindle-like morphology, which was dependent on the method of synthesis. The photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the sample increases with the increase in Si substitutions and Eu dopants. The luminescent nanoparticles also showed the typical luminescence of Eu{sup 3+} centered at 610 nm, which was more efficient for the annealed Eu-doped Si-HA nanoparticles than for the as-synthesized nanoparticles. Among the different synthesis methods, the hydrothermal method reveals the best light emission represented by high PL intensity and narrow PL spectra. These results suggest the potential application of Eu-doped Si-HA in stable and biocompatible nanophosphors for light emission and nanomedicine.

  8. Luminescence studies on SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu, Dy phosphor crystals (United States)

    Wanjun, Tang; Donghua, Chen; Ming, Wu


    Using urea as fuel, SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu, Dy phosphor was prepared by a combustion method. Its luminescence properties under ultraviolet (UV) excitation were investigated. Pure SrMgAl 10O 17 phase was formed by urea-nitrate solution combustion synthesis at 550 °C. The results indicated that the emission spectra of SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu, Dy has one main peak at 460 nm and one shoulder peak near 516 nm, which are ascribed to two different types of luminescent Eu 2+ centers existing in the SrMgAl 10O 17 matrix crystal. The blue luminescence emission of SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu phosphors was improved under UV excitation by codoping Dy 3+ ions. The SrMgAl 10O 17:Eu phosphors showed green afterglow ( λ=516 nm) when Dy 3+ ions were doped. Dy 3+ ions not only successfully play the role of sensitizer for energy transfer in the system, but also act as trap levels and capture the free holes in the spinel blocks.

  9. Cellular imaging by green luminescence of Tb(III)-doped aminomodified silica nanoparticles. (United States)

    Fedorenko, Svetlana V; Mustafina, Asiya R; Mukhametshina, Alsu R; Jilkin, Michail E; Mukhametzyanov, Timur A; Solovieva, Anastasiya O; Pozmogova, Tatiana N; Shestopalova, Lidiya V; Shestopalov, Michael A; Kholin, Kirill V; Osin, Yury N; Sinyashin, Oleg G


    The work introduces Tb(III)-centered luminescence of amino-modified silica nanoparticles doped with Tb(III) complexes for cellular imaging. For these purposes water-in-oil procedure was optimized for synthesis of 20 and 35nm luminescent nanoparticles with amino-groups embedded on the surface. The obtained results indicate an impact of the nanoparticle size in decoration, aggregation behavior and luminescent properties of the nanoparticles in protein-based buffer solutions. Formation of a protein-based corona on the nanoparticles surface was revealed through the effect of the nanoparticles on helical superstructure of BSA. This effect is evident from CD spectral data, while no any size impact on the adsorption of BSA onto aminomodified silica surface was observed. Cellular uptake of the nanoparticles studied by confocal and TEM microscopy methods indicates greater cellular uptake for the smaller nanoparticles. Cytotoxicity of the nanoparticles was found to agree well with their cellular uptake behavior, which in turn was found to be greater for the smaller nanoparticles. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Intense infrared upconversion luminescence of NaGdF4:Yb/Tm with controlled intensity (United States)

    Chen, X.; Vanacken, J.; Han, J.; Zhong, Z.; Li, L.; Han, Y.; Liu, Y.; Moshchalkov, V. V.


    Nanoparticles with different core@shell structures (NaGdF4:Yb/Tm@NaLnF4 with Ln = lanthanide) were successfully synthesized for luminescence upconversion from 980 nm to 800 nm. The upconversion luminescence of the core@shell nanoparticles (NaGdF4:Yb/Tm@NaGdF4) has a much stronger infrared emission centered at 800 nm than that of the core-only nanoparticles (NaGdF4:Yb/Tm). This is not only due to the removal of surface defects of the core nanoparticles by the shell, which results in the decrease of the luminescence quenching, but also due to the breaking of the crystal field symmetry around the Tm3+ ion. By replacing the NaGdF4 shell with an NaYF4, the emission could further be enhanced. We suggest that the breaking of the crystal field symmetry plays also in this case a key role for further enhancement of upconversion emission. The importance of this asymmetry was further revealed by investigating the energy transfer between Er3+ ion in the shell and the Tm3+ ion of the core nanoparticle.

  11. Luminescence of trivalent samarium ions in silver and tin co-doped aluminophosphate glass (United States)

    Jiménez, José A.; Lysenko, Sergiy; Liu, Huimin; Sendova, Mariana


    This work presents the spectroscopic properties of trivalent samarium ions in a melt-quenched aluminophosphate glass containing silver and tin. Addition of 4 mol% of each Ag 2O and SnO into the glass system with 2 mol% Sm 2O 3 results in Sm 3+ ions luminescence under non-resonant UV excitation owing to energy transfer from single silver ions and/or twofold-coordinated Sn centers. Assessment of luminescence spectra and decay dynamics suggest the energy transfer mechanism to be essentially of the resonant radiative type. Moreover, a connection between the luminescent and structural properties of the rare-earth doped glass system was demonstrated. Raman spectroscopy characterization revealed that no significant variation in the glass matrix is induced by Sm 3+ doping at the concentration employed. A comparison was made with a structural study performed on the Eu 3+ doped system (containing 2 mol% Eu 2O 3 along with 4 mol% of each Ag 2O and SnO) where the radiative energy transfer mechanism was previously established. The data appears consistent regarding the lack of variation in glass structure upon the Eu 3+ and Sm 3+ doping in connection with the dominance of the radiative transfer in the matrix. Thermal treatment of the material leads to precipitation of Ag nanoparticles of a broad size range inside the dielectric as observed by transmission electron microspcopy. Assessment of 4G 5/2 excited state decay in Sm 3+ ions shows no influence from the silver particles.

  12. Tuning luminescence intensity of RHO6G dye using silver ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The photoluminescence (PL) from rhodamine (RHO6G) dye dispersed in ethanol has been studied in the presence of different amounts of citrate stabilized silver nanoparticles of size, ∼10 nm. Enhancement as well as quenching of luminescence intensity has been observed and it was found that luminescence intensity can ...

  13. Performance of Harshaw 6600 thermo-luminescence dosimeter (TLD)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Performance of Harshaw 6600 thermo-luminescence dosimeter (TLD) system for personal monitoring. ... Fading of 19 % of thermo-luminescence (TL) readout was observed in 90 days when TLD chips were stored at room temperature (~ 27º C). The TL sensitivities of chips in three holder types were close to that for Cs-137 ...

  14. Tuning Luminescent Converters Based on Coumarins and Their Photostability (United States)

    Tsaplev, Yu. B.; Trofimov, A. V.; Pershukevich, P. P.; Pavich, T. A.; Zak, P. P.; Trofimova, N. N.; Lapina, V. A.


    We have studied the feasibility of using luminophores in the coumarin series in luminescent filters for correcting the spectra of light-emitting diode (LED) light sources. Fine tuning of the emission spectra of luminophores in polymer matrices is achieved by introducing nonionic surfactants into the matrix. We propose a method for estimating the photostability of luminescent filters and we determine the photostability parameters.

  15. Effect of second ligand on the luminescence of Samarium (III ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Effect of second ligand on the luminescence of Samarium (III) dibenzoylmethane complexes: Syntheses, crystal structures, thermal analysis and luminescence study. MUHAMMAD IDIRIS SALEH, MIN YEE CHOO, TAI WEI CHAN and MOHD R RAZALI. ∗. School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, ...

  16. Luminescence imaging using radionuclides: a potential application in molecular imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jeong Chan [Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422 (Korea, Republic of); Il An, Gwang [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Se-Il [Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Jungmin [Korea Basic Science Institute Chuncheon Center, Gangwon-do 200-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hong Joo [Department of Physics and Energy Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-710 (Korea, Republic of); Su Ha, Yeong; Wang, Eun Kyung [Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422 (Korea, Republic of); Min Kim, Kyeong; Kim, Jung Young [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jaetae [Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422 (Korea, Republic of); Welch, Michael J. [Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110 (United States); Yoo, Jeongsoo, E-mail: [Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422 (Korea, Republic of)


    Introduction: Nuclear and optical imaging are complementary in many aspects and there would be many advantages when optical imaging probes are prepared using radionuclides rather than classic fluorophores, and when nuclear and optical dual images are obtained using single imaging probe. Methods: The luminescence intensities of various radionuclides having different decay modes have been assayed using luminescence imaging and in vitro luminometer. Radioiodinated Herceptin was injected into a tumor-bearing mouse, and luminescence and microPET images were obtained. The plant dipped in [{sup 32}P]phosphate solution was scanned in luminescence mode. Radio-TLC plate was also imaged in the same imaging mode. Results: Radionuclides emitting high energy {beta}{sup +}/{beta}{sup -} particles showed higher luminescence signals. NIH3T6.7 tumors were detected in both optical and nuclear imaging. The uptake of [{sup 32}P]phosphate in plant was easily followed by luminescence imaging. Radio-TLC plate was visualized and radiochemical purity was quantified using luminescence imaging. Conclusion: Many radionuclides with high energetic {beta}{sup +} or {beta}{sup -} particles during decay were found to be imaged in luminescence mode due mainly to Cerenkov radiation. 'Cerenkov imaging' provides a new optical imaging platform and an invaluable bridge between optical and nuclear imaging. New optical imaging probes could be easily prepared using well-established radioiodination methods. Cerenkov imaging will have more applications in the research field of plant science and autoradiography.

  17. Bright stable luminescent yeast using bacterial luciferase as a sensor.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Szittner, R; Jansen, G.; Thomas, DY; Meighen, E


    24h while luminescence of yeast with decanal decayed to less than 0.01% of that with Z-9-tetradecenal after 2min. Moreover, yeast survived in 0.5% (v/v) Z-9-tetradecenal while 0.005% (v/v) decanal was lethal. Luminescence of yeast (+luxAB) was also stimulated 100-fold by transformation with the

  18. Energy harvesting and conversion mechanisms for intrinsic upconverted mechano-persistent luminescence in CaZnOS. (United States)

    Huang, Bolong


    We interpreted the mechanisms of energy harvesting and conversion for intrinsic upconverted mechano-persistent luminescence in CaZnOS through a native point defects study. We found that vacancy defects such as Zn and O vacancies, as well as Schottky pair defects, act as energy harvesting centers; they are very readily formed and very active. They are found to be extra deep electron or hole trap levels near the valence or conduction band edges, respectively. This leads to a coupling and exchange effect to continuously collect and transport host charges along a path via localized states to deep recombination levels. The initiating energy barrier is small and can be overcome by ambient thermal stimulation or quantum tunneling. Native activators such as V, V, and V function as energy conversion centers to transfer energy into photon emissions. This gives a solid theoretical reference for developing upconverted mechano-persistent luminescence.

  19. Magnetic-luminescent spherical particles synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (United States)

    Michel, Norma L.; Flores, Dora L.; Hirata, Gustavo A.


    The combination of magnetic and luminescent properties in a single particle system, opens-up a wide range of potential applications in biotechnology and biomedicine. In this work, we performed the synthesis of magnetic-luminescent Gd2O3:Eu3+@Fe2O3 particles by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis performed in a tubular furnace. In order to achieve the composite formation, commercial superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were coated with a luminescent Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 shell in a low-cost one-step process. The spray pyrolysis method yields deagglomerated spherical shape magneto/luminescent particles. The photoluminescence spectra under UV excitation (λExc = 265 nm) of the magnetic Gd2O3:Eu3+@Fe2O3 compound showed the characteristic red emission of Eu3+ (λEm = 612 nm). This magneto/luminescent system will find applications in biomedicine and biotechnology.

  20. Luminescence spectra and kinetics of disordered solid solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klochikhin, A.; Reznitsky, A.; Permogorov, S.


    for the temporal evolution of the luminescence band. It is shown that the changes of band shape with time come from the interplay of population dynamics of extended states and spatially isolated ''radiative" states. Finally, the measurements of the decay of the spectrally integrated luminescence intensity at long......We have studied both theoretically and experimentally the luminescence spectra and kinetics of crystalline, disordered solid solutions after pulsed excitation. First, we present the model calculations of the steady-state luminescence band shape caused by recombination of excitons localized...... only a relatively small group of ''radiative" states forms the steady-state luminescence band. The continuum percolation theory is applied to distinguish the ''radiative'' localized states, which are isolated in space and have no ways for nonradiative transitions along the tail states. It is found...

  1. Luminescence and white-light emitting luminescent sensor of tetrafluoroterephthalate-lanthanide metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Han, Yongqiang; Yan, Pengfei; Sun, Jingwen; An, Guanghui; Yao, Xu; Li, Yuxin; Li, Guangming


    Two types of sixteen complexes 1-16, namely, {[Ln(TFBDC)1.5(H2O)]·2H2O}n [Ln = Pr (1) and Nd (2)] and {[Ln(TFBDC)1.5(H2O)2]·H2O}n [Ln = Ce (3), Pr (4), Nd (5), Sm (6), Eu (7), Gd (8), Tb (9), Dy (10), Ho (11), Er (12), Yb (13) and Lu (14)], {[Dy0.281Eu0.719(TFBDC)1.5(H2O)2]·H2O}n (15) and {[Gd0.871Eu0.103Tb0.026(TFBDC)1.5(H2O)2]·H2O}n (16), were isolated by the reaction of LnCl3·6H2O with 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoroterephthalic acid (H2TFBDC). X-ray crystallographic analysis revealed that 1 and 2 exhibit 3D network structures and complexes 3-14 feature 2D network structures formed via three different coordination modes of the ligand. Luminescence spectra revealed that these complexes exhibit broad-spectrum luminescence from the visible to the near-infrared (NIR) region. Unexpectedly, complex 1 exhibits a unique NIR luminescence pattern and the longest lifetime among reported molecular praseodymium complexes. White-light emission was realized via three approaches using the single-component complex 6 (Sm), the two-component complex 15 (Eu and Dy) and the three-component complex 16 (Eu, Tb and Gd). Complex 9 exhibits high sensitivity and selectivity in its luminescence response to benzaldehyde, which provides a promising luminescent sensor for the detection of benzaldehyde.

  2. Luminescence Materials as Nanoparticle Thermal Sensors (United States)


    6201 Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6201 T E C H N IC A L R E P O R T DTRA-TR-16-71 Luminescence Materials as Nanoparticle Thermal Sensors ...10 12 joule (J) British thermal unit (Btu) (thermochemical) 1.054 350 × 10 3 joule (J) foot-pound-force (ft lbf) 1.355 818 joule (J) calorie...theoretical investigations on thermal history extraction III. Materials Testing TL in te ns ity Temperature (K) te m pe ra tu re time • nanophosphors

  3. Thermal luminescence spectroscopy chemical imaging sensor. (United States)

    Carrieri, Arthur H; Buican, Tudor N; Roese, Erik S; Sutter, James; Samuels, Alan C


    The authors present a pseudo-active chemical imaging sensor model embodying irradiative transient heating, temperature nonequilibrium thermal luminescence spectroscopy, differential hyperspectral imaging, and artificial neural network technologies integrated together. We elaborate on various optimizations, simulations, and animations of the integrated sensor design and apply it to the terrestrial chemical contamination problem, where the interstitial contaminant compounds of detection interest (analytes) comprise liquid chemical warfare agents, their various derivative condensed phase compounds, and other material of a life-threatening nature. The sensor must measure and process a dynamic pattern of absorptive-emissive middle infrared molecular signature spectra of subject analytes to perform its chemical imaging and standoff detection functions successfully.

  4. Laser-induced luminescence in hybrid nanofilms (United States)

    Saifutyarov, R. R.; Khomyakov, A. V.; Akkuzina, A. A.; Avetisov, R. I.; Petrova, O. B.; Avetisov, I. Kh.; Kravchenko, S. V.


    Tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) boron (Bq3) was synthesized by a high-temperature exchange reaction. Bq3 powders containing various polymorphous modifications were synthesized, and their photoluminescent characteristics were analyzed. Films of Alq3/B2O3/Al hybrid materials (HMs) were deposited on glass substrates by vacuum thermal evaporation. It is shown that local heating by a diode laser (785 nm) with an intensity of 150 W/cm2 for one second causes irreversible transformation in the HM film structure. The chromaticity coordinates of the photoluminescence of laser-irradiated regions considerably differ from those of the initial HM film luminescence.

  5. Development of novel edible luminescent nanoparticle sensors (United States)

    Jalalian, Sanaz

    This project has developed a novel class of edible hydrocolloid food nanosensors which are doped with luminescent chromophores and investigated whether they can be used to provide information about the local food matrix - temperature, oxygen concentration, and the presence of food-borne pathogens. The luminescence properties of the probes such as phosphorescence and fluorescence provide the sensor sensitivity to the food properties. Hydrocolloid nanoparticles were made from gelatin and starch with diameters ranging from 50 to ˜200 nm and labeled with food grade luminescent probes. The chromophore was covalently and non-covalently attached to the nanoparticle and the photophysical properties of the probe in the food system were studied. Temperature sensors were developed by using the phosphorescence sensitivity of a chromophore to temperature. Experiments with two different probes, namely erythrosine B labeled gelatin nanoparticles and phloxine B labeled gelatin nanoparticles have demonstrated that both probes can be effectively used as temperature sensors in liquid and solid food. The Van't Hoff plots of ln(IDF/IP) versus 1/T vary monotonically over a relatively wide temperature range and thus provide a basis for estimating temperature from measurements of phosphorescence and delayed fluorescence. The tests indicated that the presence of some ingredients such as tannin and anthocyanins in the composition of the food may prohibit the use of gelatin nanoparticle probes due to precipitation of gelatin nanoparticles. The luminescence quenching of the probe by oxygen was used to develop a nanoparticle sensor for oxygen. The results of experiments on liquid and solid food samples indicate that erythrosine B labeled gelatin nanoparticles can be used as a probe to detect the presence or absence of oxygen in some liquid foods. Precise control of oxygen concentration in solutions will pose a challenge as has been observed in this study. The probe did not work as an

  6. Research Update: Luminescence in lead halide perovskites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajay Ram Srimath Kandada


    Full Text Available Efficiency and dynamics of radiative recombination of carriers are crucial figures of merit for optoelectronic materials. Following the recent success of lead halide perovskites in efficient photovoltaic and light emitting technologies, here we review some of the noted literature on the luminescence of this emerging class of materials. After outlining the theoretical formalism that is currently used to explain the carrier recombination dynamics, we review a few significant works which use photoluminescence as a tool to understand and optimize the operation of perovskite based optoelectronic devices.

  7. Effect of particle size and morphology on the properties of luminescence in ZnWO{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lisitsyn, V.M. [National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue, 30, 634050 Tomsk (Russian Federation); Valiev, D.T., E-mail: [National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue, 30, 634050 Tomsk (Russian Federation); Tupitsyna, I.A.; Polisadova, E.F. [Institute for Scintillation Materials, Lenin Avenue, 60, Kharkov 61001 (Ukraine); Oleshko, V.I. [National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue, 30, 634050 Tomsk (Russian Federation); Lisitsyna, L.A. [Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building, Soljanoj Street, 2, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Andryuschenko, L.A.; Yakubovskaya, A.G. [Institute for Scintillation Materials, Lenin Avenue, 60, Kharkov 61001 (Ukraine); Vovk, O.M. [Institute for Single Crystals, Lenin Avenue 60, 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine)


    We investigated pulsed photoluminescence and pulsed cathodoluminescence in ZnWO{sub 4} crystals and composite materials based on dispersed powders of zinc tungstate in the polymer matrix. It is shown that the size of crystal particles affects the luminescence decay time in excitation by electron and laser radiation. The decay time obtained for the composite material with nanoparticles 25 nm and 100 nm in size is equal to 5 µs and 7 µs, respectively. Relative values of the light yield of composite containing zinc tungstate crystals in the form of rods are found to be larger in comparison with crystallites in the form of grains. The mechanisms of luminescence recombination in laser and electron excitation are discussed. - Highlights: • Pulsed photoluminescence and pulsed cathodoluminescence spectra and decay kinetics of nano- and microcrystals of zinc tungstate in the organosilicic matrix compared to a single crystal were studied. • The luminescence decay kinetics and life-time of the excited state depend on the size of particles in the composite materials and on the type of excitation. • The probability of excitation of luminescence centers responsible for the band at 490 nm is higher which is apparently due to the larger capture cross-section and quantum yield.

  8. A General Model of Sensitized Luminescence in Lanthanide-Based Coordination Polymers and Metal-Organic Framework Materials. (United States)

    Einkauf, Jeffrey D; Clark, Jessica M; Paulive, Alec; Tanner, Garrett P; de Lill, Daniel T


    Luminescent lanthanides containing coordination polymers and metal-organic frameworks hold great potential in many applications due to their distinctive spectroscopic properties. While the ability to design coordination polymers for specific functions is often mentioned as a major benefit bestowed on these compounds, the lack of a meaningful understanding of the luminescence in lanthanide coordination polymers remains a significant challenge toward functional design. Currently, the study of these compounds is based on the antenna effect as derived from molecular systems, where organic antennae are used to facilitate lanthanide-centered luminescence. This molecular-based approach does not take into account the unique features of extended network solids, particularly the formation of band structure. While guidelines for the antenna effect are well established, they require modification before being applied to coordination polymers. A series of nine coordination polymers with varying topologies and organic linkers were studied to investigate the accuracy of the antenna effect in coordination polymer systems. By comparing a molecular-based approach to a band-based one, it was determined that the band structure that occurs in aggregated organic solids needs to be considered when evaluating the luminescence of lanthanide coordination polymers.

  9. Evidences of VO, VZn, and Oi defects as the green luminescence origins in ZnO (United States)

    Lv, Jinpeng; Li, Chundong


    In this Letter, by employing a combination of typical treatments and sensitive defect characterization, we discriminate between the roles of different kinds of intrinsic defects in ZnO. Thereby, we offer convincing experimental evidence that the green luminescence can originate from VO, VZn, and Oi-related defects, corresponding to the 2.48 eV, 2.35 eV, and 2.26 eV emissions, respectively. The green emission peaks are found to be dependent on the relative concentration of these defect centers.

  10. Selective anion exchange and tunable luminescent behaviors of metal-organic framework based supramolecular isomers. (United States)

    Manna, Biplab; Singh, Shweta; Karmakar, Avishek; Desai, Aamod V; Ghosh, Sujit K


    Owing to the conformational (cis or trans) flexibility of a N-donor ligand, the combinations of the same and Cd(ClO4)2 under variable solvent templates afforded two supramolecular isomers based on two-dimensional metal-organic frameworks. Both compounds contain weakly coordinating ClO4(-) anions attached to the metal centers. Both frameworks showed facile anion exchange behaviors with various kinds of foreign anions. Moreover, both frameworks showed anion-driven structural dynamism and exhibited the preferential uptake of strongly coordinating anions over others. Anion-regulated modulation in luminescent behaviors was also observed in both cases.

  11. Synthesis and Luminescent Properties of GaN and GaN-Mn Blue Nanocrystalline Thin-film Phosphor for FED

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bondar, V D; Felter, T E; Hunt, C E; Kucharsky, I Y; Chakhovskoi, A G


    The technologies of fabrication of thin film phosphors based on gallium nitride using rf-magnetron sputtering are developed and structural properties of films are studied. Luminescence and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of GaN and GaN-Mn thin films have been studied. The correlation between cathodoluminescence intensity and conductivity of GaN films has been found. The nature of emission centers in GaN and GaN-Mn thin films is discussed as well as mechanism of luminescence in these films is proposed.

  12. High-Performance Near-Infrared Luminescent Solar Concentrators. (United States)

    Rondão, Raquel; Frias, Ana R; Correia, Sandra F H; Fu, Lianshe; de Zea Bermudez, Verónica; André, Paulo S; Ferreira, Rute A S; Carlos, Luís D


    Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) appear as candidates to enhance the performance of photovoltaic (PV) cells and contribute to reduce the size of PV systems, decreasing, therefore, the amount of material needed and thus the cost associated with energy conversion. One way to maximize the device performance is to explore near-infrared (NIR)-emitting centers, resonant with the maximum optical response of the most common Si-based PV cells. Nevertheless, very few examples in the literature demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating LSCs emitting in the NIR region. In this work, NIR-emitting LSCs are reported using silicon 2,3-naphthalocyanine bis(trihexylsilyloxide) (SiNc or NIR775) immobilized in an organic-inorganic tri-ureasil matrix (t-U(5000)). The photophysical properties of the SiNc dye incorporated into the tri-ureasil host closely resembled those of SiNc in tetrahydrofuran solution (an absolute emission quantum yield of ∼0.17 and a fluorescence lifetime of ∼3.6 ns). The LSC coupled to a Si-based PV device revealed an optical conversion efficiency of ∼1.5%, which is among the largest values known in the literature for NIR-emitting LSCs. The LSCs were posteriorly coupled to a Si-based commercial PV cell, and the synergy between the t-U(5000) and SiNc molecules enabled an effective increase in the external quantum efficiency of PV cells, exceeding 20% in the SiNc absorption region.

  13. Ligand sensitized luminescence of uranyl by benzoic acid in acetonitrile medium: a new luminescent uranyl benzoate specie. (United States)

    Kumar, Satendra; Maji, S; Joseph, M; Sankaran, K


    Benzoic acid (BA) is shown to sensitize and enhance the luminescence of uranyl ion in acetonitrile medium. Luminescence spectra and especially UV-Vis spectroscopy studies reveal the formation of tri benzoate complex of uranyl i.e. [UO2(C6H5COO)3](-) which is highly luminescent. In particular, three sharp bands at 431, 443, 461nm of absorption spectra provides evidence for tri benzoate specie of uranyl in acetonitrile medium. The luminescence lifetime of uranyl in this complex is 68μs which is much more compared to the lifetime of uncomplexed uranyl (20μs) in acetonitrile medium. In contrary to aqueous medium where uranyl benzoate forms 1:1 and 1:2 species, spectroscopic data reveal formation of 1:3 complex in acetonitrile medium. Addition of water to acetonitrile results in decrease of luminescence intensity of this specie and the luminescence features implode at 20% (v/v) of water content. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the existence of [UO2(C6H5COO)3](-) specie in acetonitrile is reported. Mechanism of luminescence enhancement is discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Effect of concentrating and exposing the bioluminescent bacteria to the non-luminescent allo-bacterial extracellular products on their luminescence

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ravindran, J.; Priya, G.G.; Kannapiran, E.

    of the physical proximity while artificially concentrating the bioluminescence bacterial cultures and their luminescence in presence of non- luminescent bacterial extra-cellular product were investigated. 3 Materials and Methods Isolation of Bacteria...

  15. Luminescence and the light emitting diode the basics and technology of leds and the luminescence properties of the materials

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, E W; Pamplin, BR


    Luminescence and the Light Emitting Diode: The Basics and Technology of LEDS and the Luminescence Properties of the Materials focuses on the basic physics and technology of light emitting diodes (LEDS) and pn junction lasers as well as their luminescence properties. Optical processes in semiconductors and the useful devices which can be made are discussed. Comprised of 10 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to the crystal structure and growth, as well as the optical and electrical properties of LED materials. The detailed fabrication of the LED is then considered, along with the lu

  16. Lanthanide luminescence. Photophysical, analytical and biological aspects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haenninen, Pekka; Haermae, Harri (eds.) [Turku Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Cell Biology and Anatomy


    Lanthanides have fascinated scientists for more than two centuries now, and since efficient separation techniques were established roughly 50 years ago, they have increasingly found their way into industrial exploitation and our everyday lives. Numerous applications are based on their unique luminescent properties, which are highlighted in this volume. It presents established knowledge about the photophysical basics, relevant lanthanide probes or materials, and describes instrumentation-related aspects including chemical and physical sensors. The uses of lanthanides in bioanalysis and medicine are outlined, such as assays for in vitro diagnostics and research. All chapters were compiled by renowned scientists with a broad audience in mind, providing both beginners in the field and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on on the given subject. (orig.)

  17. Optically stimulated luminescence techniques in retrospective dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Murray, A.S.


    Optically stimulated luminescence signals from natural quartz and feldspar are now used routinely in dating geological and archaeological materials. More recently they have also been employed in accident dosimetry, i.e. the retrospective assessment of doses received as a result of a nuclear...... accident. Since 1990 the exploration of this wide variety of applications has driven an intensive investigation and development programme at Riso, in measurement facilities and techniques. This paper reviews some of the outcomes of this programme, including (i) optimisation of stimulation and emission...... windows, and detection sensitivity, (ii) experience with various stimulation light sources, including filtered incandescent lamps (420-550 nm) and high intensity light emitting diodes (470 nm) and laser diodes (830-850 nm). We also discuss recently developed high-precision single-aliquot measurement...

  18. White luminescence emission from silicon implanted germanium (United States)

    Hernández, Angélica Guadalupe; Escobosa-Echavarría, Arturo Escobosa; Kudriavtsev, Yuriy


    Germanium crystals were implanted with low-energy and high-dose silicon ions. The implantation led to amorphization of a near-surface layer due to the formation of many adatoms and vacancies. Adatoms can be absorbed in germanium by the amorphous matrix faster than vacancies. The excess of vacancies and their ability to cluster resulted in formation of a porous structure beneath the surface. Pores of different sizes and depths were observed experimentally. A subsequent thermal annealing was carried out at 973 K in order to repair the damage due to the implantation. The annealing resulted, among other things, in oxidation of the pores. Visible white luminescence was observed for the as-implanted samples at the 325 nm excitation wavelength; the photoluminescence intensity increased after the annealing. The optical properties were attributed to the combined effects of different defects and the formation of germanium oxides with oxygen deficiencies.

  19. Genetically engineered luminescent proteins in biosensing (United States)

    Rowe, Laura; Ensor, Mark; Scott, Daniel; Deo, Sapna; Daunert, Sylvia


    Luminescent proteins originally isolated from marine or terrestrial organisms have played a key role in the development of several biosensing systems. These proteins have been used in a variety of applications including, immunoassays, binding assays, cell-based sensing, high throughput screening, optical imaging, etc. Among the luminescent proteins isolated, the bioluminescent protein aequorin has been one of the proteins at the forefront in terms of its use in a vast number of biosensing systems. In our laboratory, we have employed aequorin as a label in the development of highly sensitive assays through chemical and genetic modifications from single step analysis of physiologically important molecules in biological fluids. An important aspect of optimizing these assays for clinical use involves understanding the stability of the various aequorin variants that are available. To this end we have designed several stability studies involving three important aequorin mutants, Mutant S, Mutant 5, and Mutant 53. The cysteine free aequorin, Mutant S, has been the most ubiquitously used aequorin variant in our laboratory because of its increased stability and activity as compared to native aequorin. Mutant 5 and Mutant 53 contain a single cyteine residue at position 5 and 53 in the protein, respectively. Because of the presence of a single cysteine residue, Mutant 5 and Mutant 53 both can be site-specifically conjugated. This site specific conjugation capability gives Mutant 5 and Mutant 53 an advantage over native aequorin when developing assays. Additional studies optimizing the expression, purification, and charging of aequorin Mutant S were also performed. A thorough understanding of the efficient expression, purification, and storage of these aequorin mutants will allow for the more practical utilization of these mutants in the development of future biosensing systems.

  20. Gold nanoantenna resonance diagnostics via transversal particle plasmon luminescence. (United States)

    Wissert, Matthias D; Moosmann, Carola; Ilin, Konstantin S; Siegel, Michael; Lemmer, Uli; Eisler, Hans-Jürgen


    We perform two-photon excitation confocal experiments on coupled gold nanoantennas and observe time-integrated luminescence spectra that match plasmonic mode emission in the far-field. We show that the transversal particle plasmon mode can be excited, using excitation light that is cross-polarized with respect to the gold luminescence signal and therefore oriented along the long axis of the dipole gold antenna. We provide evidence for losses in polarization information from the excitation channel to the luminescence response due to the nature of the energy and momentum transfer. Finally, we map out the two-photon induced luminescence intensity profile for a fixed excitation wavelength λ and varying antenna arm length L.

  1. Lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks as luminescent probes. (United States)

    Xu, Hang; Cao, Chun-Shuai; Kang, Xiao-Min; Zhao, Bin


    Lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs), as notable materials, are constructed by Ln 3+ ions and organic ligands, or Ln 3+ ions functionalizing non-Ln-MOFs, and exhibit promising applications in various fields. Over the past decades, quite a lot of investigations of Ln-MOFs have been carried out, and many good results have been obtained. Among these results, Ln-MOFs as luminescent probes for unique detection are gradually becoming a hot topic due to their fast and effective luminescent response for the targeted substance. In this perspective article, we discuss the construction of luminescent Ln-MOFs, their applications in possible detection mechanisms, and summarize some examples of Ln-MOFs as luminescent probes for sensing cations, anions and small molecules.

  2. Evaluation of defects in cuprous oxide through exciton luminescence imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frazer, Laszlo, E-mail: [Department of Physics, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Lenferink, Erik J. [Department of Physics, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Chang, Kelvin B. [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Stern, Nathaniel P. [Department of Physics, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Ketterson, John B. [Department of Physics, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States)


    The various decay mechanisms of excitons in cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) are highly sensitive to defects which can relax selection rules. Here we report cryogenic hyperspectral imaging of exciton luminescence from cuprous oxide crystals grown via the floating zone method showing that the samples have few defects. Some locations, however, show strain splitting of the 1s orthoexciton triplet polariton luminescence. Strain is reduced by annealing. In addition, annealing causes annihilation of oxygen and copper vacancies, which leads to a negative correlation between luminescence of unlike vacancies. - Highlights: • We use luminescence to observe defects in high quality cuprous oxide crystals. • Strain is reduced by annealing. • Annealing causes annihilation of oxygen and copper vacancies.

  3. Optically stimulated luminescence dating at Rose Cottage Cave

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Pienaar, M


    Full Text Available Six Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dates are compared with stratigraphically associated C-14 dates from Rose Cottage Cave. The OSL dates overlap the accepted C-14 chronology except for one sample that overestimates the expected age...

  4. Luminescent determination of ascorbic acid in dietary supplements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Malinka


    Full Text Available The article presents the results of the ascorbic acid (AA determination with using a complex of an Tb (III ion with ciprofloxacin (CF as a lanthanide luminescent marker. The luminescent properties of the Tb (III-CF complex in the presence of AA were studied. The excitation and luminescence spectra, triplet level of ligand, the kinetics of the luminescence decay of the Tb(III-CF complex in the presence of AA were analyzed. The excitation spectrum of the Tb (III- CF complex has broad bands with maxima at 302 and 355 nm that corresponding to the n→π* electronic transition in the absorption spectrum of ligand. The luminesce spectra demonstrate the emission transitions arising from 5D4 energy level to 7Fj multiplet ground state. The luminescence of the Tb(III-CF complex was found to be quenched by AA. It was established that the lifetime of the excited 5D4 state of the Tb (III ion decreases with AA concentration increasing up to 0,25 mg/сm3. Luminescence quenching of the Tb (III-CF complex by AA follows the Stern-Volmer relationship of AA. The Stern-Volmer constant K is 2478 dm3/mol. The biomolecular quenching rate constant kq is 1,25∙107 dm3/mol. The effect of luminescence quenching of the Tb (III-CF complex was used to developing the procedure for determining of AA in the dietetic additives «Asvitol» and «Ascorbic acid». The linear calibration plot for AA was obtained over the concentration range of 0,02 to 0,25 mg/сm3.

  5. Outdoor Characterisation of High Efficiency Luminescent Solar Concentrators


    PRAVETTONI Mauro; VIRTUANI Alessandro; Kenny, Robert; Daniel J. Farrell; Chatten, Amanda J.; Barnham, Keith W J


    This work presents recent results on outdoor characterisation of high efficiency luminescent solar concentrators. Outdoor measurements at 25°C and corrected to 1000 W/m2 have been compared with indoor characterization according to the international standards for conventional photovoltaic devices. Dependence of electrical parameters with temperature is also shown, together with results of various 1-day monitoring campaigns of luminescent concentrators performance under varying irradiance condi...

  6. Dislocation luminescence in GaN single crystals under nanoindentation


    Huang, Jun; Xu, Ke; Fan, Ying Min; Wang, Jian Feng; Zhang, Ji Cai; Ren, Guo Qiang


    This work presents an experimental study on the dislocation luminescence in GaN by nanoindentation, cathodoluminescence, and Raman. The dislocation luminescence peaking at 3.12 eV exhibits a series of special properties in the cathodoluminescence measurements, and it completely disappears after annealing at 500?C. Raman spectroscopy shows evidence for existence of vacancies in the indented region. A comprehensive investigation encompassing cathodoluminescence, Raman, and annealing experiments...

  7. Luminescence from cavitation bubbles deformed in uniform pressure gradients (United States)

    Supponen, Outi; Obreschkow, Danail; Kobel, Philippe; Farhat, Mohamed


    Presented here are observations that demonstrate how the deformation of millimetric cavitation bubbles by a uniform pressure gradient quenches single-collapse luminescence. Our innovative measurement system captures a broad luminescence spectrum (wavelength range, 300-900 nm) from the individual collapses of laser-induced bubbles in water. By varying the bubble size, driving pressure, and perceived gravity level aboard parabolic flights, we probed the limit from aspherical to highly spherical bubble collapses. Luminescence was detected for bubbles of maximum radii within the previously uncovered range, R0=1.5 -6 mm, for laser-induced bubbles. The relative luminescence energy was found to rapidly decrease as a function of the bubble asymmetry quantified by the anisotropy parameter ζ , which is the dimensionless equivalent of the Kelvin impulse. As established previously, ζ also dictates the characteristic parameters of bubble-driven microjets. The threshold of ζ beyond which no luminescence is observed in our experiment closely coincides with the threshold where the microjets visibly pierce the bubble and drive a vapor jet during the rebound. The individual fitted blackbody temperatures range between Tlum=7000 and Tlum=11 500 K but do not show any clear trend as a function of ζ . Time-resolved measurements using a high-speed photodetector disclose multiple luminescence events at each bubble collapse. The averaged full width at half-maximum of the pulse is found to scale with R0 and to range between 10 and 20 ns.

  8. Influence of excitation power density on temperature dependencies of NaYF4: Yb, Er nanoparticles luminescence spectra (United States)

    Ustalkov, Sergey O.; Kozlova, Ekaterina A.; Savenko, Olga A.; Mohammed, Ammar H. M.; Kochubey, Vyacheslav I.; Skaptsov, Alexander A.


    Upconversion nanoparticles are good candidates for nanothermometry. The wavelength of the excitation and luminescence lie in optical window. The influence of the excitation power density on the luminescence temperature dependences is studded. Ratio of luminescence intensities linearly depends on temperature.

  9. [X-ray excited luminescence property of ZnS : Au, Cu fine particles synthesized by hydrothermal method]. (United States)

    Xin, Mei; Cao, Wang-He


    Highly luminescent ZnS : Au, Cu X-ray phosphor fine particles synthesized by hydrothermal method is reported for the first time and its photoluminescence (PL) and X-ray excited luminescence (XEL) properties were studied in detail. With direct hydrothermal treatment at 200 degrees C for 12 h, the average gain size of samples is about 15 nm; the synthesized sphere-like nanocrystals with well dispersity and narrow gain size distribution show cubic structure. After baking in argon at 1 000 degrees C for 1h the sample agglomerate size is about 1-2 microm and the roughly spherical fine particles show pure hexagonal structure. The PL and XEL spectra of all the samples show a broad emission band and an intense emission band in the range of 400-600 nm. The maximum XEL intensity of sample directly synthesized by hydrothermal treatment was observed when Cu/Zn and Cu/Al were 3 x 10(-5) and 2, respectively. In this condition, the strongest PL emission was observed for the direct synthesized sample being further baked in argon at 900 degrees C for 1 h and the PL peak was centered at about 529 nm. The strongest XEL emission was observed for the direct synthesized sample being further baked in argon at 1 000 degrees C for 1h and the XEL peak was centered at about 445 and 513 nm, respectively. In the meantime, the XEL intensity increased about ten times compared with that directly synthesized without baking. The difference between PL and XEL spectra is due to its different excitation mechanism. The luminescence mechanism and different excitation mechanism of PL and XEL were discussed. The red shift of XEL spectrum with directly synthesized sample was observed with increasing the Cu/Zn. The reason can also be explained by the luminescence mechanism and excitation mechanism of XEL.

  10. Bio-conjugated luminescent quantum dots of doped ZnS: a cyto-friendly system for targeted cancer imaging (United States)

    Manzoor, Koyakutty; Johny, Seby; Thomas, Deepa; Setua, Sonali; Menon, Deepthy; Nair, Shantikumar


    A heavy-metal-free luminescent quantum dot (QD) based on doped zinc sulfide (ZnS), conjugated with a cancer-targeting ligand, folic acid (FA), is presented as a promising bio-friendly system for targeted cancer imaging. Doped QDs were prepared by a simple aqueous method at room temperature. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies showed the formation of monodisperse QDs of average size ~4 nm with cubic (sphalerite) crystal structure. Doping of the QDs with metals (Al3+), transition metals (Cu+, Mn2+) and halides (F-) resulted in multi-color emission with dopant-specific color tunability ranging from blue (480 nm) to red (622 nm). Luminescent centers in doped QDs could be excited using bio-friendly visible light >400 nm by directly populating the dopant centers, leading to bright emission. The cytotoxicity of bare and FA conjugated QDs was tested in vitro using normal lung fibroblast cell line (L929), folate-receptor-positive (FR+) nasopharyngeal epidermoid carcinoma cell line (KB), and FR-negative (FR-) lung cancer cell line (A549). Both bare and FA-conjugated ZnS QDs elicited no apparent toxicity even at high concentrations of ~100 µM and 48 h of incubation. In contrast, CdS QDs prepared under identical conditions showed relatively high toxicity even at low concentrations of ~0.1 µM and 24 h of incubation. Interaction of FA-QDs with different cell lines showed highly specific attachment of QDs in the FR+ cancer cell line, leaving others unaffected. The bright and stable luminescence of the QDs could be used to image both single cancer cells and colonies of cancer cells without affecting their metabolic activity and morphology. Thus, this study presents, for the first time, the use of non-toxic, Cd-, Te-, Se-, Pb- and Hg-free luminescent QDs for targeted cancer imaging.

  11. Investigation of InGaN/GaN laser degradation based on luminescence properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Pengyan; Zhang, Shuming, E-mail:; Liu, Jianping; Li, Deyao; Zhang, Liqun; Sun, Qian; Tian, Aiqin; Zhou, Kun; Yang, Hui [Key Laboratory of Nanodevices and Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China); Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China); Zhou, Taofei [Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China)


    Degradation of InGaN/GaN laser diode (LD) is investigated based on the luminescence properties. Gradual degradation of the LD is presented with the threshold current increase and the slope efficiency decrease. The cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence characterizations of the LD show a dislocation independent degradation of the active region under the ridge. Detailed studies on the temperature-dependent micro-photoluminescence and the electroluminescence indicate that the degradation of the LD is attributed to the generation of non-radiative recombination centers in the local multiple quantum well regions with lower indium content. The activation energy of the non-radiative recombination centers is about 10.2 meV.

  12. Luminescence from Zinc Oxide Nanostructures and Polymers and their Hybrid Devices (United States)

    Willander, Magnus; Nur, Omer; Sadaf, Jamil Rana; Qadir, Muhammad Israr; Zaman, Saima; Zainelabdin, Ahmed; Bano, Nargis; Hussain, Ijaz


    Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a strong luminescent material, as are several polymers. These two materials have distinct drawbacks and advantages, and they can be combined to form nanostructures with many important applications, e.g., large-area white lighting. This paper discusses the origin of visible emission centers in ZnO nanorods grown with different approaches. White light emitting diodes (LEDs) were fabricated by combining n-ZnO nanorods and hollow nanotubes with different p-type materials to form heterojunctions. The p-type component of the hybrids includes p-SiC, p-GaN, and polymers. We conclude by analyzing the electroluminescence of the different light emitting diodes we fabricated. The observed optical, electrical, and electro-optical characteristics of these LEDs are discussed with an emphasis on the deep level centers that cause the emission.

  13. Luminescence from Zinc Oxide Nanostructures and Polymers and their Hybrid Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Willander


    Full Text Available Zinc oxide (ZnO is a strong luminescent material, as are several polymers. These two materials have distinct drawbacks and advantages, and they can be combined to form nanostructures with many important applications, e.g., large-area white lighting. This paper discusses the origin of visible emission centers in ZnO nanorods grown with different approaches. White light emitting diodes (LEDs were fabricated by combining n-ZnO nanorods and hollow nanotubes with different p-type materials to form heterojunctions. The p-type component of the hybrids includes p-SiC, p-GaN, and polymers. We conclude by analyzing the electroluminescence of the different light emitting diodes we fabricated. The observed optical, electrical, and electro-optical characteristics of these LEDs are discussed with an emphasis on the deep level centers that cause the emission.

  14. Near-infrared ultrabroadband luminescence spectra properties of subvalent bismuth in CsI halide crystals. (United States)

    Su, Liangbi; Zhao, Hengyu; Li, Hongjun; Zheng, Lihe; Ren, Guohao; Xu, Jun; Ryba-Romanowski, Witold; Lisiecki, Radosław; Solarz, Piotr


    We observed two ultrabroadband near-infrared (NIR) luminescence bands around 1.2 and 1.5 μm in as-grown bismuth-doped CsI halide crystals, without additional aftertreatment. Dependence of the NIR emission properties on the excitation wavelength and measurement temperature was studied. Two kinds of NIR active centers of subvalent bismuth and color centers were demonstrated to coexist in Bi:CsI crystal. The eye-safe 1.5 μm emission band with an FWHM of 140 nm and lifetime of 213 μs at room temperature makes Bi:CsI crystal promising in the applications of the ultrafast laser and ultrabroadband amplifier. © 2011 Optical Society of America

  15. Thermoluminescence, luminescence optically stimulated and creation of defects in alkaline halogenides contaminated with Europium; Termoluminiscencia, luminiscencia opticamente estimulada y creacion de defectos en halogenuros alcalinos contaminados con Europio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barboza F, M. [Centro de Investigacion en Fisica, Universidad de Sonora, Apartado Postal 5-088, 83190 Hermosillo, Sonora (Mexico)


    The alkaline halogenides have been subject matter of investigations related with the search of sensor materials for X-ray bidimensional images or optical memories. The understanding of the damage formation processes generated by ionizing and non-ionizing radiations is important for the correct design of devices that working as detectors and dosemeters of both type of radiations. In this work we present the investigation results related with the defects produced by the ionizing radiation type X and ultraviolet light in the range of 200-360 nm in crystals of KCl: Eu{sup 2+} and KBr:Eu{sup 2+}. It is examined the thermoluminescence and luminescence spectra with the purpose of identifying the exciton processes, owing to the excitation of the halogenide ions in which the primary defects correspond to the F and H centers. It has been found that the 400-600 nm emission is associated with the luminescence type that in his turn can be associated with autotrapped excitons perturbed by the impurity. On the other hand, it is examined the emission spectra of the luminescence optically stimulated in crystals of KBr: Eu{sup 2+} and KCl: Eu{sup 2+} finding too that such materials would be used as optical memories susceptible of to store information, and through of photostimulation to read this. It was determined that the F centers participate in the luminescence optically stimulated in these crystals, as well as too in the recombination processes responsible by the thermoluminescent emission. (Author)

  16. Synthesis and characterization of the europium (III) complex as an organic luminescent material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhuo Zuliang; Zhang Fujun; Xu Zheng; Lu Lifang; Li Junming; Wang Yongsheng [Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Optical Information (Beijing Jiaotong University), Ministry of Education, Beijing 100044 (China); Lv Yuguang, E-mail: [The Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomaterials, College of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi 154007 (China)


    The red emission organic material Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O complex was synthesized and its morphology, energy level alignment and luminescence characteristics were studied by using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, cyclic voltammetry and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O shows bright red emission originating from Eu{sup 3+} ions under 345 nm light excitation. The luminescence lifetime of Eu{sup 3+} in this complex is about 580 {mu}s. To improve the quality of Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O thin films, Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O was doped with a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) solution. The organic materials 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) and aluminum quinoline (Alq{sub 3}) were used as hole-blocking and electron-transporting layers in our fabricated electroluminescence (EL) devices on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates, respectively. The EL devices ITO/poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly-(styrenesulphonic acid) (PEDOT:PSS)/emitting layer (PVK:Eu)/BCP/Alq{sub 3}/Al were fabricated, and EL spectra were measured under different driving voltages. There is one emission peaking at 490 nm in addition to the characteristic emission peaks of Eu{sup 3+}, which should be attributed to the spectral overlap between the PVK emission and electroplex emission originating from PVK and BCP interfaces. This explanation can be positively supported by the dependence of the EL spectral variation of ITO/ PVK/BCP/Alq{sub 3}/Al devices on the driving voltage.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Rocheva


    Full Text Available Background: To improve quality of surgery in oncology, it is necessary to completely remove the tumor, including its metastases, to minimize injury to normal tissues and to reduce duration of an intervention. Modern methods of detection based on radiological computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can identify a tumor after its volume has become big enough, i.e. it contains more than 10 billion cells. Therefore, an improvement of sensitivity and resolution ability of diagnostic tools to identify early stages of malignant neoplasms seems of utmost importance. Aim: To demonstrate the potential of a new class of anti-Stokes luminescence nanoparticles for deep optical imaging with high contrast of malignant tumors. Materials and methods: Upconversion nanoparticles with narrow dispersion and a  size of 70 to 80  nm, with a  core/shell structure of NaYF4:Yb3+:Tm3+/NaYF4 were used in the study. The nanoparticles have an intensive band of anti-Stokes photoluminescence at a wavelength of 800  nm under irradiation with a  wavelength of 975  nm (both wavelengths are within the transparency window for biological tissues. The conversion coefficient of the excitation radiation into the anti-Stokes luminescence was 9%. To increase the time during which nanoparticles can circulate in blood flow of small animals, the nanoparticles were covered by a  biocompatible amphiphilic polymer shell. As a  tumor model we used Lewis epidermoid carcinoma transfected to mice. Results: We were able to obtain stable water colloids of nanoparticles covered with amphiphilic polymer that could preserve their initial size at least for one month. The use of upconversion nanoparticles with a  hydrophilic shell made of intermittent maleic anhydride and octadecene co-polymer with subsequent coating with diglycidyl polyethylene glycol ether allowed for reduction of non-specific reaction of nanoparticles with plasma proteins. In its turn, it resulted in an

  18. Red-NIR luminescent hybrid poly(methyl methacrylate) containing covalently linked octahedral rhenium metallic clusters. (United States)

    Molard, Yann; Dorson, Frederick; Brylev, Konstantin A; Shestopalov, Michael A; Le Gal, Yann; Cordier, Stéphane; Mironov, Yuri V; Kitamura, Noboru; Perrin, Christiane


    The embedding of functional inorganic entities into polymer matrices has become an intense field of investigation in which the main challenges are to keep the added value of the inorganic entities while preventing their self-aggregation within the organic matrix. We present a simple way to obtain a homogeneous highly red-NIR luminescent hybrid copolymer that contains covalently bonded nanometric-sized {Re(6)} octahedral clusters. The [Re(6)Se(i)(8)(OH)(a)(6)](4-) cluster complexes are primarily functionalized in two steps with tert-butylpyridine (TBP) and methacrylic acid (MAC) to give neutral [Re(6)Se(8)(TBP)(4)(MAC)(2)] building blocks that are copolymerized with methyl methacrylate (MMA) either in solution or in bulk in the presence of azobisisobutyronitrile as an initiator. Several samples containing 0, 0.025, 0.05, and 0.1 wt % of functionalized {Re(6)} clusters were prepared. As the {Re(6)} cluster/MMA ratio is very low, the obtained copolymers keep the entire processability of pure poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), as demonstrated by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. Voltammetric and luminescence studies also indicate that the intrinsic properties of the clusters are preserved within the polymer matrix. All the samples show a bright (emission quantum yield=0.07), broad, and structureless emission band, which extends from lambda=600 nm to more than lambda=950 nm, with the maximum wavelength centered around lambda(em)=710 nm either in solution or in the solid state. Moreover, the high stability of the incorporated inorganic phosphors prevents the material from photobleaching, and thus the luminescence properties are kept entirely even after nine months of ageing.

  19. Exceptionally long-lived luminescence emitted from Tb(III) ion caged in an Ag(I)-Tb(III)-thiacalix[4]arene supramolecular complex in water. (United States)

    Iki, Nobuhiko; Ohta, Munehiro; Horiuchi, Takayuki; Hoshino, Hitoshi


    The compositions and photophysical properties of luminescent ternary complexes of thiacalix[4]arene-p-sulfonate (TCAS), Tb(III), and Ag(I) ions were determined. At pH 6, Ag(I) (2)Tb(III) (2)TCAS(2) formed. Moreover, at pH 10, in the presence of a 20-fold excess of Ag(I) and a 50-fold excess of TCAS with respect to Tb(III), Ag(I) (2)Tb(III)TCAS(2) formed as the main luminescent species. The structure of these complexes was proposed: two TCAS ligands are linked by two S-Ag(I)-S linkages to adopt a double-cone supramolecular structure. Furthermore, each Tb(III) ion in the former complex accepts O(-), S, O(-) donation, whereas in the latter, the Tb(III) center accepts eightfold O(-) donation. The luminescence quantum yield (Phi) of Ag(I) (2)Tb(III) (2)TCAS(2) (0.16) was almost equal to that of Tb(III)TCAS, but the luminescence lifetime tau of the former (=1.09 ms) was larger than that of the latter. For Ag(I) (2)Tb(III)TCAS(2), the yield Phi (=0.11) was small, which is attributed to the low efficiency of photosensitization (eta=0.11). However, the tau value (4.61 ms) was exceptionally large and almost equal to the natural luminescence lifetime of Tb(III) (4.7 ms), which is due to the absence of coordinating water molecules (q=0.1). This is compatible with the proposed structure in which the Tb(III) ion is shielded by a supramolecular cage that expels coordinated water molecules responsible for luminescence quenching.

  20. Intrinsic chromatic switching of visible luminescence in Yb3+,Er3+:CsCdBr3 (United States)

    Redmond, S. M.; Rand, S. C.


    Bistability is reported in sensitized Er3+ luminescence driven by an Yb3+ transition that previously revealed an Yb3+ luminescent instability. To our knowledge this is the first report of bistable energy transfer between different rare-earth ions.

  1. Luminescence and thermoluminescence of alkaline earth metaborates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berezovskaya, I.V. [Physico-Chemical Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 86 Lustdorfskaya doroga, 65080 Odessa (Ukraine)], E-mail:; Efryushina, N.P. [Physico-Chemical Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 86 Lustdorfskaya doroga, 65080 Odessa (Ukraine); Voloshinovskii, A.S.; Stryganyuk, G.B. [Lviv Franko National University, 8 Kirilo i Mefodii str., 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Pir, P.V.; Dotsenko, V.P. [Physico-Chemical Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 86 Lustdorfskaya doroga, 65080 Odessa (Ukraine)


    The luminescent properties of undoped MB{sub 2}O{sub 4} (M=Ca, Sr) have been studied upon X-ray and synchrotron excitation. The X-ray induced emission spectra of CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} consist mainly of two overlapping emission bands with maxima at about 3.19 and 3.65 eV. In addition to these features, there are several weak broad bands at lower energies. The excitation spectra of the dominant bands show an asymmetrical band with a sharp edge on the lower energy side and a maximum at 7.8 eV. This excitation band is ascribed to O 2p{yields}B 2s, 2p transitions within BO{sub 3} groups. The emission bands at 3.19 and 3.65 eV are tentatively ascribed to self-trapped excitons. Other emission bands with complicated excitation spectra are attributed to defects or impurities. TSL glow curve of CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} after X-ray irradiation at 80 K consists of a stronger peak at about 132 K and weaker ones at 227, 272, 354 and 409 K. A comparison with the results on SrB{sub 2}O{sub 4} and the literature data on {alpha} ({beta})-modifications of BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} is also made.

  2. Phasor plots of luminescence decay functions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berberan-Santos, Mário N., E-mail:


    Highlights: • First complete study of the phasor plots of a sum of two exponentials (2E). • The existence of a 2E limiting curve (outer boundary) is demonstrated. • A generalization of the lever rule is presented. • Virtual phasor concept. • Study of several decay laws displaying a diversity of patterns. - Abstract: Luminescence decay functions describe the time dependence of the intensity of radiation emitted by electronically excited species. Decay phasor plots (plots of the Fourier sine transform vs. the Fourier cosine transform, for one or several angular frequencies) are being increasingly used in fluorescence, namely in lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). In this work, a detailed study of the sum of two exponentials decay function is carried out revealing that sub-exponential, super-exponential and unimodal decays have different phasor signatures. A generalization of the lever rule is obtained, and the existence of an outermost phasor curve corresponding to intermediate-like decays is demonstrated. A study of the behavior of more complex decay functions (sum of three exponentials, stretched and compressed exponentials, phosphorescence with reabsorption and triplet–triplet annihilation, fluorescence with quantum beats) allows concluding that a rich diversity of phasor plot patterns exists. In particular, super-exponential decays can present complex shapes, spiraling at high frequencies. The concept of virtual phasor is also introduced.

  3. Grassy Silica Nanoribbons and Strong Blue Luminescence (United States)

    Wang, Shengping; Xie, Shuang; Huang, Guowei; Guo, Hongxuan; Cho, Yujin; Chen, Jun; Fujita, Daisuke; Xu, Mingsheng


    Silicon dioxide (SiO2) is one of the key materials in many modern technological applications such as in metal oxide semiconductor transistors, photovoltaic solar cells, pollution removal, and biomedicine. We report the accidental discovery of free-standing grassy silica nanoribbons directly grown on SiO2/Si platform which is commonly used for field-effect transistors fabrication without other precursor. We investigate the formation mechanism of this novel silica nanostructure that has not been previously documented. The silica nanoribbons are flexible and can be manipulated by electron-beam. The silica nanoribbons exhibit strong blue emission at about 467 nm, together with UV and red emissions as investigated by cathodoluminescence technique. The origins of the luminescence are attributed to various defects in the silica nanoribbons; and the intensity change of the blue emission and green emission at about 550 nm is discussed in the frame of the defect density. Our study may lead to rational design of the new silica-based materials for a wide range of applications.

  4. Luminescent Solar Concentrators in the Algal Industry (United States)

    Hellier, Katie; Corrado, Carley; Carter, Sue; Detweiler, Angela; Bebout, Leslie


    Today's industry for renewable energy sources and highly efficient energy management systems is rapidly increasing. Development of increased efficiency Luminescent Solar Concentrators (LSCs) has brought about new applications for commercial interests, including greenhouses for agricultural crops. This project is taking first steps to explore the potential of LSCs to enhance production and reduce costs for algae and cyanobacteria used in biofuels and nutraceuticals. This pilot phase uses LSC filtered light for algal growth trials in greenhouses and laboratory experiments, creating specific wavelength combinations to determine effects of discrete solar light regimes on algal growth and the reduction of heating and water loss in the system. Enhancing the optimal spectra for specific algae will not only increase production, but has the potential to lessen contamination of large scale production due to competition from other algae and bacteria. Providing LSC filtered light will reduce evaporation and heating in regions with limited water supply, while the increased energy output from photovoltaic cells will reduce costs of heating and mixing cultures, thus creating a more efficient and cost effective production system.

  5. Luminescence characteristics of caffeine and theophylline1 (United States)

    Andino, M. M.; De Lima, C. G.; Winefordner, J. D.

    The luminescence properties of solutions of caffeine and theophylline in methanol are observed. The effects of the solvent pH, the presence of a heavy atom and the matrix or substrate on the fluorescence and phosphorescence properties of the compounds are evaluated. Caffeine and theophylline fluorescence can be observed at room temperature from dilute methanolic solutions and strong phosphorescence is observed at low temperature when the matrix is in a polycrystalline state. Acidic and basic media cause spectral changes and reduce the intensity of the low temperature phosphorescence. Iodide is a good heavy-atom enhancer of both the low temperature and room temperature phosphorescence of caffeine and theophylline. The intensity of the phosphorescence at room temperature and when spotted on filter paper depends on the type of filter paper and the pH of the spotting solution and/or the pH of the wet surface at the moment of spotting. Theophylline is more sensitive than caffeine to the microenvironment. Under the appropriate experimental conditions, both low temperature and room temperature phosphorescence could be used as analytical tools for the determination of caffeine and theophylline.

  6. Quenching of the luminescence of upconverting luminescent nanoparticles by heavy metal ions. (United States)

    Saleh, Sayed M; Ali, Reham; Wolfbeis, Otto S


    We report that the luminescence of upconverting luminescent nanoparticles (UCLNPs) is quenched by heavy metal ions and halide ions in aqueous solution. The UCLNPs consist of hexagonal NaYF(4) nanocrystals doped with trivalent rare earth ions and were synthesized by both the oleic acid (solvothermal) method and the ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (co-precipitation) method. Quenching was studied for the Cu(II), Hg(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Ag(I), Fe(III), Zn(II), bromide, and iodide ions and is found to be particularly strong for Hg(II). Stern-Volmer plots are virtually linear up to quencher concentrations of 10-25 mM, but deviate from linearity at higher quencher concentrations, because static quenching causes an additional effect. The UCLNPs display two main emission bands (blue, green, red or near-infrared), and the quenching efficiencies for these are found to be different. The effect seems to be generally associated with UCLNPs because it was observed for all UCLNPs doped with trivalent lanthanide ions including Yb(III), Er(III), Ho(III), and Tm(III). The results are discussed in terms of quenching mechanisms and with respect to potential applications such as optical sensing. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. User guide for luminescence sampling in archaeological and geological contexts (United States)

    Nelson, Michelle S.; Gray, Harrison J.; Johnson, Jack A.; Rittenour, Tammy M.; Feathers, James K.; Mahan, Shannon


    Luminescence dating provides a direct age estimate of the time of last exposure of quartz or feldspar minerals to light or heat and has been successfully applied to deposits, rock surfaces, and fired materials in a number of archaeological and geological settings. Sampling strategies are diverse and can be customized depending on local circumstances, although all sediment samples need to include a light-safe sample and material for dose-rate determination. The accuracy and precision of luminescence dating results are directly related to the type and quality of the material sampled and sample collection methods in the field. Selection of target material for dating should include considerations of adequacy of resetting of the luminescence signal (optical and thermal bleaching), the ability to characterize the radioactive environment surrounding the sample (dose rate), and the lack of evidence for post-depositional mixing (bioturbation in soils and sediment). Sample strategies for collection of samples from sedimentary settings and fired materials are discussed. This paper should be used as a guide for luminescence sampling and is meant to provide essential background information on how to properly collect samples and on the types of materials suitable for luminescence dating.

  8. Elevated-temperature luminescence measurements to improve spatial resolution (United States)

    Pluska, Mariusz; Czerwinski, Andrzej


    Various branches of applied physics use luminescence based methods to investigate light-emitting specimens with high spatial resolution. A key problem is that luminescence signals lack all the advantages of high locality (i.e. of high spatial resolution) when structures with strong built-in electric field are measured. Such fields exist intentionally in most photonic structures, and occur unintentionally in many other materials. In this case, as a result of beam-induced current generation and its outflow, information that indicates irregularities, nonuniformities and inhomogeneities, such as defects, is lost. We show that to avoid nonlocality and enable truly local luminescence measurements, an elevated measurement temperature as high as 350 K (or even higher) is, perhaps surprisingly, advantageous. This is in contrast to a widely used approach, where cryogenic temperatures, or at least room temperature, are recommended. The elevated temperature of a specimen, together with the current outflow being limited by focused ion beam (FIB) milling, is shown to improve the spatial resolution of luminescence measurements greatly. All conclusions drawn using the example of cathodoluminescence are useful for other luminescence techniques.

  9. Study of the luminescence properties of a natural amazonite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correcher, V., E-mail: [CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 22, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Garcia-Guinea, J. [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain)


    Most gemstones, being natural materials (silicates, carbonates, phosphates, etc.), exhibit luminescence emission. This property could be potentially employed for personal dosimetry in the case of radiation accident or radiological terrorism where conventional monitoring has not been established. We, herein, report on the thermoluminescence (TL), radioluminescence (RL) and infra-red stimulated luminescence (IRSL) response of a well-characterised natural amazonite (KAlSi{sub 3}O{sub 8}) that, due to its bright blue-green colour when polished, is used as a gemstone. The luminescence emission wavelengths, intensities and thermal kinetics of the amazonite luminescence curves reveal that the ultraviolet band measured on amazonite aliquots is similar to other common K-rich feldspars. On this basis, one can conclude (i) association between twinning and the UV-blue TL emission can be related to structural defects located in the twin-domain boundaries where ionic alkali-self-diffusion, irreversible water losses and irreversible dehydroxylation processes can be involved. (ii) Amazonite exhibits a complex structure with several planar defects (twinning and exsolution interphases which can hold hydroxyl groups, water molecules, etc.) and point defects (impurities, Na, Pb, Mn, etc.) that can act as luminescence centres, and in fact, green and red emissions are respectively associated with the presence of Mn and Fe impurities. Finally, (iv) the thermal stability tests performed on the TL emission of the amazonite confirm a continuum in the trap distribution, i.e. progressive changes in the glow curve shape, intensity and temperature position of the maximum peak.

  10. External Luminescence and Photon Recycling in Near-Field Thermophotovoltaics (United States)

    DeSutter, John; Vaillon, Rodolphe; Francoeur, Mathieu


    The importance of considering near-field effects on photon recycling and spontaneous emission in a thermophotovoltaic device is investigated. Fluctuational electrodynamics is used to calculate external luminescence from a photovoltaic cell as a function of emitter type, vacuum gap thickness between the emitter and cell, and cell thickness. The observed changes in external luminescence suggest strong modifications of photon recycling caused by the presence of the emitter. Photon recycling for propagating modes is affected by reflection at the vacuum-emitter interface and is substantially decreased by the leakage towards the emitter through the tunneling of frustrated modes. In addition, spontaneous emission by the cell can be strongly enhanced by the presence of an emitter supporting surface-polariton modes. It follows that using a radiative recombination model with a spatially uniform radiative lifetime, even corrected by a photon-recycling factor, is inappropriate. Applying the principles of detailed balance and accounting for nonradiative recombination mechanisms, the impact of external luminescence enhancement in the near field on thermophotovoltaic performance is investigated. It is shown that unlike isolated cells, the external luminescence efficiency is not solely dependent on cell quality but significantly increases as the vacuum gap thickness decreases below 400 nm for the case of an intrinsic silicon emitter. In turn, the open-circuit voltage and power density benefit from this enhanced external luminescence toward the emitter. This benefit is larger as cell quality, characterized by the contribution of nonradiative recombination, decreases.

  11. Luminescence dating on Mars: OSL characteristics of Martian analogue materials and GCR dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jain, M.; Andersen, C.E.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.


    Luminescence chronology may be the key to understanding climatically and tectonically driven changes on Mars. However, the success of Martian luminescence dating will depend upon our understanding of the luminescence properties of silicates such as olivine, pyroxenes and plagioclases, and sedimen......), and the effect of radiation damage due to cosmic ray exposure are presented and implications discussed for Martian luminescence dating. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved....

  12. Luminescent rise times of inorganic phosphors excited by high intensity ultraviolet light. (United States)

    Anderson, R J; Ricchio, S G


    The relative delay between excitation and luminescence was measured for a number of common inorganic phosphors using short, high intensity excitation pulses. The delays were found to be much shorter than anticipated; on the basis of low intensity pulsed luminescence measurements and were found to be extremely intensity-dependent. Both the luminescence rise and decay times were found to be intensitydependent as well, with the luminescence pulse waveform tending to approach the exciting pulse at the higher excitation intensities.

  13. Microstructure and luminescent properties of Ce:Lu2SiO5 ceramic scintillator by spark plasma sintering (United States)

    Xie, Jianjun; Shi, Ying; Fan, Lincong; Xu, Zhibin


    Spark plasma sintering (SPS) processing was employed to fabricate cerium (Ce3+) ions doped lutetium silicate (Lu2SiO5) translucent scintillation ceramics. Polycrystalline Ce:Lu2SiO5 ceramic bulks were densified from as-prepared powder by spark plasma sintering at 1350 °C for 5 min under pressure of 50 MPa. Translucent monolithic Ce:Lu2SiO5 ceramic specimen was obtained with excellent luminescent characteristics after being annealed in air at 1000 °C for 15 h. Under 360 nm UV excitation, a broad emission peak centered at about 425 nm was detected for Ce:Lu2SiO5 ceramic. The luminescence intensity of annealed ceramic sample (doped by 0.5 mol% Ce3+) was 3 times greater than that of BGO single crystal under X-ray excitation. The decay constant under γ-ray excitation of Cs-137 radioactive source was measured to 44.36 ns. The good luminescent characteristics made Ce:Lu2SiO5 polycrystalline ceramics a promising scintillator candidate with high performance for radiation detection in future.

  14. Influence of surface functionalization on structural and photo-luminescence properties of CeF{sub 3}:Tb nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ansari, Anees A., E-mail:


    Graphical abstract: We designed highly aqueous dispersible CeF{sub 3}:Tb@LaF{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles. The epitaxial growth of inert LaF{sub 3} shell and further amorphous silica, respectively, enhanced their optical and luminescence properties, which is highly usable for luminescent biolabeling, and optical bio-probe etc. - Abstract: Highly luminescent and aqueous soluble CeF{sub 3}:Tb (core),CeF{sub 3}:Tb@LaF{sub 3}(core/shell) and CeF{sub 3}:Tb@LaF{sub 3}@ SiO{sub 2} (core/shell/Si) nanoparticles(NPs) with mean particle size 12 nm were prepared by co-precipitation method at low temperature. X-ray diffraction pattern verified the phase purity, high crystallinity of hexagonal structure. The TEM image and SAED pattern revealed the single phase polycrystalline nature, well-dispersed irregular shaped hexagonal structure. FTIR spectra show the characteristic infrared peaks of silica, it suggests the successful silica surface coating around the core/shell NPs. The excitation and emission intensity of core/shell NPs were remarkably increased then their counterpart core NPs. It implies that a significant amount of nonradiative transition centers existing on the surface of core NPs has been eliminated due to the formation of passivated LaF{sub 3} layer. The silica surface modification over the core/shell NPs strikingly enhanced the solubility character in an aqueous environment.

  15. 3D lanthanide metal-organic frameworks constructed from 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate ligand: synthesis, structure, luminescence and dye adsorption (United States)

    Zhu, Yajing; Wang, Li; Chen, Xiaodong; Wang, Pengcheng; Fan, Yong; Zhang, Ping


    A series of novel isostructural 3D lanthanide metal-organic frameworks {[Ln2(NDC)3(H2O)4]·(DMF)4}n (Ln=Eu(1), Gd(2), Tb(3), Er(4), Yb(5), Dy(6), Y(7), Lu(8), H2NDC =2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylic acid, DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide) with a rhombic channel along the b axis and high thermal stabilities, have been successfully synthesized under solvothermal conditions. The network can be described as 2, 4, 5-connected net with Schäfli symbol of (42.62.82)2(42.63.85)2(6). Luminescent studies illustrate that 1, 2, 7 and 8 exhibit strong luminescent emitting of the corresponding Ln(III) centers in the visible range, while 5 shows near-infrared range (NIR) luminescence. Further studies of 1 and 2A (activated product of 2) show that 1 displays good stability in different solvents and excellent fluorescence sensing for organic solvent small molecules and 2A ([Gd2(NDC)3(H2O)4]n) exhibits good adsorption capacity for organic dyes in water, especially for crystal violet.

  16. Efficiency estimates and practical aspects of an optical Kerr gate for time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy (United States)

    Dmitruk, I.; Shynkarenko, Ye; Dmytruk, A.; Aleksiuk, D.; Kadan, V.; Korenyuk, P.; Zubrilin, N.; Blonskiy, I.


    We report experience of assembling an optical Kerr gate setup at the Femtosecond Laser Center for collective use at the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. This offers an inexpensive solution to the problem of time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy. Practical aspects of its design and alignment are discussed and its main characteristics are evaluated. Theoretical analysis and numerical estimates are performed to evaluate the efficiency and the response time of an optical Kerr gate setup for fluorescence spectroscopy with subpicosecond time resolution. The theoretically calculated efficiency is compared with the experimentally measured one of ~12% for Crown 5 glass and ~2% for fused silica. Other characteristics of the Kerr gate are analyzed and ways to improve them are discussed. A method of compensation for the refractive index dispersion in a Kerr gate medium is suggested. Examples of the application of the optical Kerr gate setup for measurements of the time-resolved luminescence of Astra Phloxine and Coumarin 30 dyes and both linear and nonlinear chirp parameters of a supercontinuum are presented.

  17. Luminescence performance of Eu 3-doped lead-free zinc phosphate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Luminescence performance of Eu$^{3+}-doped lead-free zinc phosphate glasses for red emission. Y C RATNAKARAM V ... These glasses were characterized by several spectroscopic techniques at room temperature. Allthe glasses showed relatively broad fluorescence excitation and luminescence spectra. Luminescence ...

  18. Quantitative analysis of time-resolved infrared stimulated luminescence in feldspars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagonis, Vasilis; Ankjærgaard, Christina; Jain, Mayank


    Time-resolved infrared-stimulated luminescence (TR-IRSL) from feldspar samples is of importance in the field of luminescence dating, since it provides information on the luminescence mechanism in these materials. In this paper we present new analytical equations which can be used to analyze TR...

  19. Nanoscale "fluorescent stone": Luminescent Calcium Fluoride Nanoparticles as Theranostic Platforms. (United States)

    Li, Zhanjun; Zhang, Yuanwei; Huang, Ling; Yang, Yuchen; Zhao, Yang; El-Banna, Ghida; Han, Gang


    Calcium Fluoride (CaF2) based luminescent nanoparticles exhibit unique, outstanding luminescent properties, and represent promising candidates as nanoplatforms for theranostic applications. There is an urgent need to facilitate their further development and applications in diagnostics and therapeutics as a novel class of nanotools. Here, in this critical review, we outlined the recent significant progresses made in CaF2-related nanoparticles: Firstly, their physical chemical properties, synthesis chemistry, and nanostructure fabrication are summarized. Secondly, their applications in deep tissue bio-detection, drug delivery, imaging, cell labeling, and therapy are reviewed. The exploration of CaF2-based luminescent nanoparticles as multifunctional nanoscale carriers for imaging-guided therapy is also presented. Finally, we discuss the challenges and opportunities in the development of such CaF2-based platform for future development in regard to its theranostic applications.

  20. Optical and luminescence properties of zinc oxide (Review) (United States)

    Rodnyi, P. A.; Khodyuk, I. V.


    We generalize and systematize basic experimental data on optical and luminescence properties of ZnO single crystals, thin films, powders, ceramics, and nanocrystals. We consider and study mechanisms by which two main emission bands occur, a short-wavelength band near the fundamental absorption edge and a broad long-wavelength band, the maximum of which usually lies in the green spectral range. We determine a relationship between the two luminescence bands and study in detail the possibility of controlling the characteristics of ZnO by varying the maximum position of the short-wavelength band. We show that the optical and luminescence characteristics of ZnO largely depend on the choice of the corresponding impurity and the parameters of the synthesis and subsequent treatment of the sample. Prospects for using zinc oxide as a scintillator material are discussed. Additionally, we consider experimental results that are of principal interest for practice.

  1. New developments in luminescence for solar energy utilization (United States)

    Reisfeld, Renata


    As our fossil sources of energy diminish constantly search for alternative energy solutions becomes vital. The interest in exploiting solar energy for photovoltaic electricity has grown exponentially in recent decade, however, its high cost is still a limiting factor for massive uses. Static luminescent concentrator could provide a partial solution if properly designed. The paper summarizes the requirements for efficient and photostable luminescent concentrators, provides the latest results and ideas and shows how they can be materialized. It is demonstrated how the plate efficiency can be improved by applying a thin film with optical contact to transparent plate, silver plasmons that increase the transition probability of the colorants, photonic systems preventing the escape of the luminescence from the plate when traveling to the cell, creating fluorescence in the UV and visible part of the spectrum, using materials in which the absorption and emission from different electronic levels prevent self-absorption.

  2. Applications of quantum dots with upconverting luminescence in bioimaging. (United States)

    Chen, Yunyun; Liang, Hong


    Quantum dots (QDs) have attracted great attention in recent years due to their promising applications in bioimaging. Compared with traditional ultraviolet excitation of QDs, near-infrared laser (NIR) excitation has many advantages, such as being less harmful, little blinking effects, zero autofluorescence and deep penetration in tissue. Composing QDs with upconverting properties is promising to enable NIR excitation. This article provides a review of QDs with upconverting luminescence and their applications in bioimaging. Based on the mechanisms of luminescence, discussion will be divided into four groups: nanoheterostructures/mixtures of QDs and upconverting nanoparticles, graphene quantum dots, lanthanide-doped QDs, and double QDs. The content includes synthetic routes, upconverting luminescence properties, and their applications in bioimaging. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Lanthanide-doped luminescent nanomaterials from fundamentals to bioapplications

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Xueyuan; Tu, Datao


    Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reviews the latest advances in the development of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for potential bioapplications. This book covers the chemical and physical fundamentals of these nanoparticles, such as the controlled synthesis methodology, surface modification chemistry, optical physics, and their promising applications in diverse bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers. This book is intended for those readers who are interested in systematically understanding the materials design strategy, optical behavior of lanthanide ions, and practical bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It primarily focuses on the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and biological aspects of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters were written by scientists active in this field and for a broad audience, providing both beginners and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on the ...

  4. Latest developments in silica fibre luminescence dosimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradley, D. A.; Abdul S, S. F.; Jafari, S. M.; Alanazi, A. [University of Surrey, Department of Physics, GU2 7XH Guildford, Surrey (United Kingdom); Amouzad M, G. [University of Malaya, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical Engineering, Integrated Lightwave Research Group, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Addul R, H. A.; Mizanur R, A. K. M.; Zubair, H. T.; Begum, M.; Yusoff, Z.; Omar, N. Y. M. [Multimedia University, Faculty of Engineering, 2010 Cyberjaya, Selangor (Malaysia); Maah, M. J. [University of Malaya, Department of Chemistry, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Collin, S. [National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington, TW11 OLW Middlesex (United Kingdom); Mat-Sharif, K. A.; Muhd-Yassin, S. Z.; Zulkifli, M. I., E-mail: [Telekom Malaysia Research and Development Sdn Bhd., 63000 Cyberjaya, Selangor (Malaysia)


    Full text: Using tailor made sub-mm diameter doped-silica fibres, we are carrying out luminescence dosimetry studies for a range of situations, including thermoluminescence (Tl)investigations on a liquid alpha source formed of {sup 223}RaCl (the basis of the Bayer Health care product Xofigo), the Tl response to a 62 MeV proton source and Tl response to irradiation from an {sup 241}Am-Be neutron source. In regard to the former, in accord with the intrinsic high linear energy transfer (Let) and short path length (<100 um) of the α-particles in calcified tissue, the product is in part intended as a bone-seeking radionuclide for treatment of metastatic cancer, offering high specificity and efficacy. The Tl yield of Ge-doped SiO{sub 2} fibres has been investigated including for photonic crystal fibre un collapsed, flat fibres and single mode fibres, these systems offering many advantages over conventional passive dosimetry types. In particular, one can mention comparable and even superior sensitivity, an effective atomic number Z{sub eff} of the silica dosimetric material close to that of bone, and the glassy nature of the fibres offering the additional advantage of being able to place such dosimeters directly into liquid environments. Finally we review the use of our tailor made fibres for on-line radioluminescence measurements of radiotherapy beams. The outcome from these various lines of research is expected to inform development of doped fiber radiation dosimeters of versatile utility, ranging from clinical applications through to industrial studies and environmental evaluations. (Author)

  5. Mapping thermal exposure by luminescence thermometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spencer, J.Q.; Sanderson, D.C.W. [Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre, Glasgow (United Kingdom)


    It has been shown in previous studies that residual geological thermoluminescence (TL) signals can be used to assess fire damage and thermal exposure, both of which are of some interest in archaeological contexts. Detailed studies of the removal of TL from pure alkali feldspars have shown systematic relations between measured glow curve parameters and the temperatures and durations of isothermal annealing. However, in most archaeological cases, the temperature-time profile is variable and unknown. To examine the relationship between TL characteristics and thermal history under more realistic conditions, a model hearthstone was constructed containing a three-dimensional matrix of 64 thermocouples and the spatial variations in temperature monitored during the course of two experimental fires. Cores were removed from the stone at 18 locations where direct thermocouple correlations could be made, and at a further two locations, to interpolate the radial temperature distribution. Each core was sectioned and samples extracted for TL and PSL analysis, thus providing a representative set of samples which had been exposed to different maximum temperatures and a dynamic thermal exposure. TL measurements were made from room temperature to 700{sup o}C using a UV-filtered reader, and PSL measurements were made using a high sensitivity infrared pulsed diode array. The TL results, parametrized in terms of the position of the residual geological signal, are compared with thermocouple data integrated with respect to time over the course of the known thermal exposure, taking account of the empirical form of the complementary temperature-time relationships deduced from studies of pure minerals. This provides a means of quantifying thermal exposure for a generalized thermal event, which can be directly related to measured luminescence indicators. (Author).

  6. Physico-chemical characterizations of Cr doped persistent luminescence nanoparticles (United States)

    Lecuyer, T.; Teston, E.; Maldiney, T.; Scherman, D.; Richard, C.


    Persistent luminescence nanoparticles have recently been proposed as innovative optical probes for small animal in vivo imaging. The main advantage of such probes is their ability to emit light for a long time after the end of their excitation, allowing in vivo imaging with low background. This work reports new information on the physico-chemical characterizations of Cr doped ZnGa2O4 nanoprobes in terms of synthetic procedure, luminescence properties as well as colloidal stabilities in different aqueous media and over the time.

  7. Excitonic surface polaritons in luminescence from ZnTe crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodin, M.S.; Bandura, V.M.; Matsko, M.G. (AN Ukrainskoj SSR, Kiev. Inst. Fiziki)


    The form and structure of reflection and exciton-polariton luminescence spectra of ZnTe crystals are studied in the region of the ground (n = 1) exciton state. The longitudinal-transverse splitting magnitude LT/ is determined from the shape of the reflection spectra. A detected doublet structure of an emission band from the lower polariton branch is associated with the k-linear term. The evolution of bulk and surface polariton luminescence spectra versus temperature and wavelength of the exciting light is investigated.

  8. Radiation induced luminescence processes in c-BN

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trinkler, L.; Berzina, B.; Benabdesselam, M.


    Spectral properties of cubic boron nitride have been studied using methods of photoluminescence (PL), X-ray excited luminescence (XL), thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence. It is found that emission of cubic boron nitride is presented by 4 subbands, their relative yield...... is determined by the excitation type: blue, green (dominant) and red bands are observed in PL, ultraviolet, blue (dominant), green and red bands-in XL. Three thermal peaks are found in TL curves in the 0-700degreesC temperature range, their presence and intensity depend on radiation type used. A tentative...

  9. Luminescence of uranyl ion complexed with 2,6-pyridine dicarboxylic acid as ligand in acetonitrile medium. Observation of co-luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maji, Siuli; Kumar, Satendra; Sankaran, Kannan [Indira Ghandi Centre for Atomic Research, Tamil Nadu (India). Materials Chemistry Div.


    Luminescence from UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} (uranyl ion) complexed with 2,6-pyridine dicarboxylic acid (PDA) has been studied using acetonitrile (MeCN) as solvent between pH 1.0 and 6.0. The enhancement in luminescence intensity because of sensitization by PDA in the non-aqueous environment provided by the MeCN is found to be one order better than in aqueous medium. The luminescence is further enhanced by about four times following the addition of Y{sup 3+}; a process known as co-luminescence. This is the first study on co-luminescence of uranyl ion in its PDA complex. Lifetime studies indicate the presence of two species having different micro-environments. Formations of both intra and inter molecular complexes are believed to be responsible for enhancement due to co-luminescence.

  10. On the origin of intense luminescence at 0.93 eV from multi-crystalline silicon (United States)

    Krause, Christoph; Mankovics, Daniel; Krause, Hans-Michael; Arguirov, Tzanimir; Kittler, Martin


    Strong luminescence emission at 0.93 eV appears on some specific grain boundaries in multicrystalline silicon. The emission is generated on spots, forming irregular pattern along those grain boundaries. The spots show also strong non-radiative recombination. Fitting the temperature dependence using an Arrhenius plot indicates a level of 120 meV in the silicon band gap involved in that transition. We relate the appearance of the center to a specific dislocation network formed at slightly misoriented local Σ3 grain boundary parts.

  11. Device and method for luminescence enhancement by resonant energy transfer from an absorptive thin film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akselrod, Gleb M.; Bawendi, Moungi G.; Bulovic, Vladimir; Tischler, Jonathan R.; Tisdale, William A.; Walker, Brian J.


    Disclosed are a device and a method for the design and fabrication of the device for enhancing the brightness of luminescent molecules, nanostructures, and thin films. The device includes a mirror, a dielectric medium or spacer, an absorptive layer, and a luminescent layer. The absorptive layer is a continuous thin film of a strongly absorbing organic or inorganic material. The luminescent layer may be a continuous luminescent thin film or an arrangement of isolated luminescent species, e.g., organic or metal-organic dye molecules, semiconductor quantum dots, or other semiconductor nanostructures, supported on top of the absorptive layer.

  12. Engineering metal-based luminescence in coordination polymers and metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Heine, Johanna; Müller-Buschbaum, Klaus


    The rapidly growing number of luminescent coordination polymers (CPs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) illustrates high interest as well as accessibility of such materials. The interplay between inorganic and organic components in these materials offers a large number of viable luminescence processes. The enormous variability of available ligand-metal combinations opens the possibility of creating luminescence "by design", based on a proper understanding of the processes involved. Together with the multifunctionality of MOFs (e.g. porosity) further options like sensing become accessible. This tutorial review covers the main luminescence processes and focuses especially on metal-based luminescence of coordination polymers and MOFs.

  13. Luminescence properties of YVO4:Eu nanocrystals in nanoporous high-silica glass (United States)

    Fan, Bin; Qi, Shimei; Zhao, Wenyu


    A feasible method was used to synthesize YVO4:Eu nanocrystals in nanoporous high-silica glass (YVOE-HSG). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and photoluminescence spectroscopy were used to investigate its morphology, structure, and optical properties, respectively. The Eu ions were introduced as luminescence centers into the sample YVOE-HSG. Under 291 nm excitation, the samples exhibit the characteristic transitions of Eu3+ and Eu2+. With the increase of Eu3+ doping concentration, the positions of main excitation peaks shift to long waves. The reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ is observed, and the chromaticity coordinates (x, y) can move from the red light to cool white and then to blue light. The efficient energy transfer from VO43- to Eu3+ and Eu2+ is confirmed. Results indicated that the sample has potential application in white light-emitting diodes under UV excitation.

  14. Luminescence of mesoporous silicon powders treated by high-pressure water vapor annealing (United States)

    Gelloz, Bernard; Loni, Armando; Canham, Leigh; Koshida, Nobuyoshi


    We have studied the photoluminescence of nanocrystalline silicon microparticle powders fabricated by fragmentation of PSi membranes. Several porosities were studied. Some powders have been subjected to further chemical etching in HF in order to reduce the size of the silicon skeleton and reach quantum sizes. High-pressure water vapor annealing was then used to enhance both the luminescence efficiency and stability. Two visible emission bands were observed. A red band characteristic of the emission of Si nanocrystals and a blue band related to localized centers in oxidized powders. The blue band included a long-lived component, with a lifetime exceeding 1 sec. Both emission bands depended strongly on the PSi initial porosity. The colors of the processed powders were tunable from brown to off-white, depending on the level of oxidation. The surface area and pore volume of some powders were also measured and discussed. The targeted applications are in cosmetics and medicine.

  15. Magnetic and luminescent properties of nickel-doped ZnSe crystals (United States)

    Sirkeli, Vadim; Radevici, Ivan; Sushkevich, Konstantin; Huhtinen, Hannu; Nedeoglo, Natalia; Nedeoglo, Dmitrii; Paturi, Petriina


    Magnetic and photoluminescent properties of nickel-doped ZnSe crystals with impurity concentrations varied by changing the Ni amount in the source material from 0.001 to 0.50 at.% are studied in 5-300 K temperature range. Investigation of magnetic properties shows that Ni impurity in ZnSe forms isolated paramagnetic centers and probability of Ni-Ni pairs formation is negligible due to low Ni concentration in the samples. The contribution of Ni impurity to edge emission and its influence on infra-red emission are discussed. It is found that complete concentration quenching of luminescence within all studied spectral range is observed starting with Ni concentration of 0.50 at.%.

  16. Luminescent Properties of Surface Functionalized BaTiO3 Embedded in Poly(methyl methacrylate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Requena


    Full Text Available As-received BaTiO3 nanopowders of average grain sizes 50 nm and 100 nm were functionalized by (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES and mixed with poly(methyl methacrylate/toluene solution. The nanocomposite solution was spin coated on Si substrates to form thin films. The photoluminescence spectrum of the pure powder was composed of a bandgap emission at 3.0 eV and multiple bands centered about 2.5 eV. Surface functionalization of the BaTiO3 powder via APTES increases overall luminescence at room temperature while only enhancing bandgap emission at low-temperature. Polymer coating of the functionalized nanoparticles significantly enhances bandgap emissions while decreasing emissions associated with near-surface lattice distortions at 2.5 eV.

  17. Monitoring Delamination of Thermal Barrier Coatings by Near-Infrared and Upconversion Luminescence Imaging (United States)

    Eldridge, J. I.; Martin, R. E.; Singh, Jogender; Wolfe, Doug E.


    Previous work has demonstrated that TBC delamination can be monitored by incorporating a thin luminescent sublayer that produces greatly increased luminescence intensity from delaminated regions of the TBC. Initial efforts utilized visible-wavelength luminescence from either europium or erbium doped sublayers. This approach exhibited good sensitivity to delamination of electron-beam physical-vapor-deposited (EB-PVD) TBCs, but limited sensitivity to delamination of the more highly scattering plasma-sprayed TBCs due to stronger optical scattering and to interference by luminescence from rare-earth impurities. These difficulties have now been overcome by new strategies employing near-infrared (NIR) and upconversion luminescence imaging. NIR luminescence at 1550 nm was produced in an erbium plus ytterbium co-doped yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) luminescent sublayer using 980-nm excitation. Compared to visible-wavelength luminescence, these NIR emission and excitation wavelengths are much more weakly scattered by the TBC and therefore show much improved depth-probing capabilities. In addition, two-photon upconversion luminescence excitation at 980 nm wavelength produces luminescence emission at 562 nm with near-zero fluorescence background and exceptional contrast for delamination indication. The ability to detect TBC delamination produced by Rockwell indentation and by furnace cycling is demonstrated for both EB-PVD and plasma-sprayed TBCs. The relative strengths of the NIR and upconversion luminescence methods for monitoring TBC delamination are discussed.

  18. Distinct enhancement of sub-bandgap photoresponse through intermediate band in high dose implanted ZnTe:O alloys (United States)

    Li, Jing; Ye, Jiandong; Ren, Fangfang; Tang, Dongming; Yang, Yi; Tang, Kun; Gu, Shulin; Zhang, Rong; Zheng, Youdou


    The demand for high efficiency intermediate band (IB) solar cells is driving efforts in producing high quality IB photovoltaic materials. Here, we demonstrate ZnTe:O highly mismatched alloys synthesized by high dose ion implantation and pulsed laser melting exhibiting optically active IB states and efficient sub-gap photoresponse, as well as investigate the effect of pulsed laser melting on the structural and optical recovery in detail. The structural evolution and vibrational dynamics indicates a significant structural recovery of ZnTe:O alloys by liquid phase epitaxy during pulsed laser melting process, but laser irradiation also aggravates the segregation of Te in ZnTe:O alloys. A distinct intermediate band located at 1.8 eV above valence band is optically activated as evidenced by photoluminescence, absorption and photoresponse characteristics. The carrier dynamics indicates that carriers in the IB electronic states have a relatively long lifetime, which is beneficial for the fast separation of carriers excited by photons with sub-gap energy and thus the improved overall conversion efficiency. The reproducible capability of implantation and laser annealing at selective area enable the realization of high efficient lateral junction solar cells, which can ensure extreme light trapping and efficient charge separation.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Dyomichev


    Full Text Available Luminescence and absorption spectrums of silicate glasses containing silver, embedded by ion exchange, were investigated. Intensive luminescence of such glasses was shown to appear right after ion exchange that can be associated with neutral molecular clusters of silver Agn formation. The increase of cerium ions concentration was also shown to cause the increase of luminescence intensity of the samples. The following UV-treatment decreases luminescence intensity. Thermal treatment under 300-350 0С temperature increases the luminescence intensity.

  20. Luminescence properties of porcelain ceramics relevant to restrospective radiation dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Markey, B.G.; Poolton, N.R.J.


    . This appears to arise from the fact that OSL is potentially stimulated in a variety of component phases of the ceramic, and these phases vary from sample to sample. This article reports an initial attempt at characterising the luminescence properties of widely available porcelain wares manufactured under...

  1. Luminescence induced by spherically focused acoustic pulses in liquids (United States)

    Sankin, G. N.


    The determination of the phase of the bubble oscillation at the instant of light emission, which is a key issue for understanding the origin of cavitation luminescence of liquids, is discussed. The observation of luminescence in the course of the nucleation and growth of a bubble up to its collapse is performed in a bipolar wave consisting of a compression phase followed by a rarefaction phase in the regime of a two-fraction bubble cluster formation. The space-time distributions of the luminescence intensity and pressure and the dynamics of the cluster in water and a glycerin solution are investigated at the early stage of cavitation. A correlation between the maximal density of light flashes and the positive pressure pulses in the field of superposition of the initial and secondary cavitation compression waves is revealed. It is shown that the spherical focusing of acoustic pulses both away from the boundaries of the liquid and near its free surface makes it possible to compare the luminescence intensities for different rates of the pressure decrease.

  2. Toxicity Evaluation of Pig Slurry Using Luminescent Bacteria and Zebrafish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyan Chen


    Full Text Available Biogas slurry has become a serious pollution problem and anaerobic digestion is widely applied to pig manure treatment for environmental protection and energy recovery. To evaluate environmental risk of the emission of biogas slurry, luminescent bacteria (Vibrio fischeri, larvae and embryos of zebrafish (Danio rerio were used to detect the acute and development toxicity of digested and post-treated slurry. Then the ability of treatment process was evaluated. The results showed that digested slurry displayed strong toxicity to both zebrafish and luminescent bacteria, while the EC50 for luminescent bacteria and the LC50 for larvae were only 6.81% (v/v and 1.95% (v/v respectively, and embryonic development was inhibited at just 1% (v/v. Slurry still maintained a high level of toxicity although it had been treated by membrane bioreactor (MBR, while the LC50 of larvae was 75.23% (v/v and there was a little effect on the development of embryos and V. fischeri; the results also revealed that the zebrafish larvae are more sensitive than embryos and luminescent bacteria to pig slurry. Finally, we also found the toxicity removal rate was higher than 90% after the treatment of MBR according to toxicity tests. In conclusion, further treatment should be used in pig slurry disposal or reused of final effluent.

  3. Progress in chemical luminescence-based biosensors: A critical review. (United States)

    Roda, Aldo; Mirasoli, Mara; Michelini, Elisa; Di Fusco, Massimo; Zangheri, Martina; Cevenini, Luca; Roda, Barbara; Simoni, Patrizia


    Biosensors are a very active research field. They have the potential to lead to low-cost, rapid, sensitive, reproducible, and miniaturized bioanalytical devices, which exploit the high binding avidity and selectivity of biospecific binding molecules together with highly sensitive detection principles. Of the optical biosensors, those based on chemical luminescence detection (including chemiluminescence, bioluminescence, electrogenerated chemiluminescence, and thermochemiluminescence) are particularly attractive, due to their high-to-signal ratio and the simplicity of the required measurement equipment. Several biosensors based on chemical luminescence have been described for quantitative, and in some cases multiplex, analysis of organic molecules (such as hormones, drugs, pollutants), proteins, and nucleic acids. These exploit a variety of miniaturized analytical formats, such as microfluidics, microarrays, paper-based analytical devices, and whole-cell biosensors. Nevertheless, despite the high analytical performances described in the literature, the field of chemical luminescence biosensors has yet to demonstrate commercial success. This review presents the main recent advances in the field and discusses the approaches, challenges, and open issues, with the aim of stimulating a broader interest in developing chemical luminescence biosensors and improving their commercial exploitation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Luminescence in Sulfides: A Rich History and a Bright Future (United States)

    Smet, Philippe F.; Moreels, Iwan; Hens, Zeger; Poelman, Dirk


    Sulfide-based luminescent materials have attracted a lot of attention for a wide range of photo-, cathodo- and electroluminescent applications. Upon doping with Ce3+ and Eu2+, the luminescence can be varied over the entire visible region by appropriately choosing the composition of the sulfide host. Main application areas are flat panel displays based on thin film electroluminescence, field emission displays and ZnS-based powder electroluminescence for backlights. For these applications, special attention is given to BaAl2S4:Eu, ZnS:Mn and ZnS:Cu. Recently, sulfide materials have regained interest due to their ability (in contrast to oxide materials) to provide a broad band, Eu2+-based red emission for use as a color conversion material in white-light emitting diodes (LEDs). The potential application of rare-earth doped binary alkaline-earth sulfides, like CaS and SrS, thiogallates, thioaluminates and thiosilicates as conversion phosphors is discussed. Finally, this review concludes with the size-dependent luminescence in intrinsic colloidal quantum dots like PbS and CdS, and with the luminescence in doped nanoparticles.

  5. On the luminescence of bis (triphenylphosphine) phenanthroline copper (I)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blasse, G.; McMillin, D.R.


    The luminescence spectra and decay tunes of the emission of the [Cu(PPh3)2(phen)]+ ion have been measured down to liquid helium temperature. The long decay time at low temperatures is interpreted in terms of the triplet level of the charge- transfer state.

  6. Tetraazatriphenylenes as extremely efficient antenna chromophores for luminescent lanthanide ions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Tol, Erik B.; van Ramesdonk, Hendrik J.; Verhoeven, Jan W.; Steemers, F.J.; Steemers, Frank J.; Kerver, Esther G.; Verboom, Willem; Reinhoudt, David


    The ability of novel tetraazatriphenylenes to sensitise the luminescence of different lanthanide ions is reported. An example of the type of lanthanide complex formed is depicted. The influence of the ligand-structure variation on the absorption characteristics and other photophysical properties of

  7. Luminescent 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone chelates of lanthanides (United States)

    Raymond, Kenneth N.; Xu, Jide; Moore, Evan G.; Werner, Eric J.


    The present invention provides luminescent complexes between a lanthanide ion and an organic ligand which contains 1,2-hydroxypyridinone units. The complexes of the invention are stable in aqueous solutions and are useful as molecular probes, for example in medical diagnostics and bioanalytical assay systems. The invention also provides methods of using the complexes of the invention.

  8. Salicylamide-lanthanide complexes for use as luminescent markers (United States)

    Raymond, Kenneth N.; Petoud, Stephane; Cohen, Seth; Xu, Jide


    The present invention provides luminescent lanthanide metal chelates comprising a metal ion of the lanthanide series and a complexing agent comprising at least one salicylamidyl moiety. Also provided are probes incorporating the salicylamidyl ligands of the invention and methods utilizing the ligands of the invention and probes comprising the ligands of the invention.

  9. Phthalamide lanthanide complexes for use as luminescent markers (United States)

    Raymond, Kenneth N.; Petoud, Stephane; Cohen, Seth M.; Xu, Jide


    The present invention provides luminescent lanthanide metal chelates comprising a metal ion of the lanthanide series and a complexing agent comprising at least one phthalamidyl moiety. Also provided are probes incorporating the phthalamidyl ligands of the invention and methods utilizing the ligands of the invention and probes comprising the ligands of the invention.

  10. Phthalamide-lanthanide complexes for use as luminescent markers (United States)

    Raymond, Kenneth N.; Petoud, Stephane; Cohen, Seth M.; Xu, Jide


    The present invention provides luminescent lanthanide metal chelates comprising a metal ion of the lanthanide series and a complexing agent comprising at least one phthalamidyl moiety. Also provided are probes incorporating the phthalamidyl ligands of the invention and methods utilizing the ligands of the invention and probes comprising the ligands of the invention.

  11. Characterization of UV written waveguides with luminescence microscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svalgaard, Mikael; Harpøth, Anders; Rosbirk, Tue


    Luminescence microscopy is used to measure the refractive index profile and molecular defect distribution of UV written waveguides with a spatial resolution of ~0.4 mm and high signal-to-noise ratio. The measurements reveal comlex waveguide formation dynamics with significant topological changes...

  12. Fiber-coupled Luminescence Dosimetry in Therapeutic and Diagnostic Radiology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Claus Erik


    Fiber-coupled luminescence dosimetry is an emerging technology with several potentially attractive features of relevance for uses in therapeutic and diagnostic radiology: direct water equivalence (i.e. no significant perturbation of the radiation field in a water phantom or a patient), sub...

  13. Synthesis and characterization of bi-functional magneto-luminescent ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A step-wise synthetic method has been developed for the synthesis of multifunctional, magnetic luminescent nanocomposites with Fe₃O₄ nanospheres as the core encapsulated in silica and europium-doped sodium lutetium fluoride (NaLuF₄ :Eu³⁺) as the shell. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), scanning electron ...

  14. Lanthanide-doped luminescent nanomaterials. From fundamentals to bioapplications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Xueyuan; Tu, Datao; Liu, Yongsheng [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou (China). Fujian Inst. of Research on the Structure of Matter


    Covers the frontiers in chemistry, physics and bioapplications of lanthanide-doped luminescent nanomaterials. Presents new insights into the optical behaviors of lanthanide in nanomaterials. Systematically reviews in-vitro biodetection and bioimaging based on lanthanide-doped inorganic nanocrystals. Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reviews the latest advances in the development of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for potential bioapplications. This book covers the chemical and physical fundamentals of these nanoparticles, such as the controlled synthesis methodology, surface modification chemistry, optical physics, and their promising applications in diverse bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers. This book is intended for those readers who are interested in systematically understanding the materials design strategy, optical behavior of lanthanide ions, and practical bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It primarily focuses on the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and biological aspects of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters were written by scientists active in this field and for a broad audience, providing both beginners and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on the subject.

  15. Tm2+ luminescent materials for solar radiation conversion devices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Kolk, E.


    A solar radiation conversion device is described that comprises a luminescent Tm 2+ inorganic material for converting solar radiation of at least part of the UV and/or visible and/or infra red solar spectrum into infrared solar radiation, preferably said infrared solar radiation having a wavelength

  16. The effects of Tb 3 doping concentration on luminescence properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This paper is aimed at explaining the effects of Tb3+ concentration on structure and luminescence properties and clarifying the concentration quenching mechanism of Tb3+. The lattice of BaF2 decreases with the increase of Tb3+ ions concentration. The emission spectrum of BaF2:Tb3+ consists of blue emission band and ...

  17. Guest driven structural transformation studies of a luminescent metal ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    room temperature. Keywords. Metal-organic frameworks; coordination polymers; dynamic framework; crystal to crystal transformation; luminescence. 1. Introduction. Metal-Organic frameworks (MOFs) or porous coordi- nation polymers have drawn immense attention not only due its aesthetic architectures but also due to its.

  18. Syntheses, structures and luminescence behaviour of some zinc(II ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Syntheses, structures and luminescence behaviour of some zinc(II) complexes containing acetate and tetradentate Schiff bases. ASHIS KUMAR MAJI, SUBHASIS ROY, SOMNATH CHOUBEY, RAJARSHI GHOSH∗ and. BARINDRA KUMAR GHOSH∗. Department of Chemistry, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan 713 104, ...

  19. The effects of Tb 3+ doping concentration on luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. This paper is aimed at explaining the effects of Tb3+ concentration on structure and luminescence properties and clarifying the concentration quenching mechanism of Tb3+. The lattice of BaF2 decreases with the increase of Tb3+ ions concentration. The emission spectrum of BaF2:Tb3+ consists of blue emission ...

  20. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlamp, Michael C.; Alivisatos, A. Paul


    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit tight of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  1. Optically stimulated luminescence dosimetry using natural and synthetic materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.; McKeever, S.W.S.


    The application of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) for use in radiation dosimetry is reviewed. A broad description is given of OSL techniques developed at Riso National Laboratory and at Oklahoma State University, and recent collaborative investigations on the properties of a variety...

  2. Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jain, Mayank; Guralnik, Benny; Andersen, Martin Thalbitzer


    results in a highly asymmetric TL peak; this peak can be understood to derive from a continuum of several first-order TL peaks. Our model also shows an extended power law behaviour for OSL (or prompt luminescence), which is expected from localized recombination mechanisms in materials with random...

  3. Chemi-luminescent technique using low dose effect characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzmenko, A.I.; Porokhnyak, L.A. [A.V. palladin Institute of Biochemistry, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine)


    Some Ukrainian and Belarusian territories are polluted by radioactive elements as Chernobyl AES accident consequence in 1986. Radioactive substances enter to animals and human organism with the food and lead to internal irradiation. The purpose of this work is he changes characteristic for an organism under internal irradiation low dose estimated by means of chemi-luminescent (Chl) techniques. (authors)

  4. Luminescence Imaging Strategies for Drone-Based PV Array Inspection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benatto, Gisele Alves dos Reis; Riedel, Nicholas; Mantel, Claire


    The goal of this work is to develop outdoor defect detection imaging and understand fully its challenges and limitations. The imaging is based on luminescence strategies that will be used for fast and accurate UAV-based inspection system for PV power plants. We studied electroluminescence (EL...

  5. Luminescence in Sulfides: A Rich History and a Bright Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe F. Smet


    Full Text Available Sulfide-based luminescent materials have attracted a lot of attention for a wide range of photo-, cathodo- and electroluminescent applications. Upon doping with Ce3+ and Eu2+, the luminescence can be varied over the entire visible region by appropriately choosing the composition of the sulfide host. Main application areas are flat panel displays based on thin film electroluminescence, field emission displays and ZnS-based powder electroluminescence for backlights. For these applications, special attention is given to BaAl2S4:Eu, ZnS:Mn and ZnS:Cu. Recently, sulfide materials have regained interest due to their ability (in contrast to oxide materials to provide a broad band, Eu2+-based red emission for use as a color conversion material in white-light emitting diodes (LEDs. The potential application of rare-earth doped binary alkaline-earth sulfides, like CaS and SrS, thiogallates, thioaluminates and thiosilicates as conversion phosphors is discussed. Finally, this review concludes with the size-dependent luminescence in intrinsic colloidal quantum dots like PbS and CdS, and with the luminescence in doped nanoparticles.

  6. Tridentate benzimidazole-pyridine-tetrazolates as sensitizers of europium luminescence. (United States)

    Shavaleev, Nail M; Eliseeva, Svetlana V; Scopelliti, Rosario; Bünzli, Jean-Claude G


    We report on new anionic tridentate benzimidazole-pyridine-tetrazolate ligands that form neutral 3:1 complexes with trivalent lanthanides. The ligands are UV-absorbing chromophores that sensitize the red luminescence of europium with energy-transfer efficiency of 74-100%. The lifetime and quantum yield of the sensitized europium luminescence increase from 0.5 ms and 12-13% for the as-prepared solids to 2.8 ms and 41% for dichloromethane solution. From analysis of the data, the as-prepared solids can be described as aqua-complexes [Ln(κ(3)-ligand)2(κ(1)-ligand)(H2O)x] where the coordinated water molecules are responsible for the strong quenching of the europium luminescence. In solution, the coordinated water molecules are replaced by the nitrogen atoms of the κ(1)-ligand to give anhydrous complexes [Ln(κ(3)-ligand)3] that exhibit efficient europium luminescence. X-ray structures of the anhydrous complexes confirm that the lanthanide ion (La(III), Eu(III)) is nine-coordinate in a distorted tricapped trigonal prismatic environment and that coordination of the lanthanide ion by tetrazolate is weaker than by carboxylate.

  7. [The effect of low intensity luminescent radiation on erythrocyte membranes]. (United States)

    Monich, V A


    It was found that luminescent monochromatized incoherent radiation causes inhibition of the ultraviolet light-induced hemolysis of erythrocytes comparable to that induced by laser light. The obtained data show reduction of the molecular product rate of free radical fat acyclic oxidation in the membranes of intact erythrocytes after irradiation by low intensity red light.

  8. Doping the dots: doped quantum dots for luminescent solar concentrators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eilers, J.J.


    In this thesis, synthesis methods for luminescent organically capped colloidal ZnSe QDs of different sizes, ranging from 4.0 to 7.5 nm are reported. These QDs are analyzed using TEM, absorption spectroscopy, photoluminescence measurements and temperature dependent photoluminescence decay

  9. Effect of second ligand on the luminescence of Samarium (III ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 12. Effect of second ligand on the luminescence of Samarium (III) dibenzoylmethane complexes: ... Muhammad Idiris Saleh1 Min Yee Choo1 Tai Wei Chan1 Mohd R Razali1. School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia ...

  10. Luminescence in Mn-doped CdS nanocrystals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    Abstract. We have synthesized Mn-doped CdS nanocrystals (NCs) with size ranging from 1⋅8–3 nm. Photo- luminescence (PL) spectra of the doped NCs differ from that of the undoped NCs with an additional peak due to Mn d–d transitions. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectra along with X-ray absorption ...

  11. 21 CFR 73.2995 - Luminescent zinc sulfide. (United States)


    ... zinc sulfide in facial makeup preparations shall not exceed 10 percent by weight of the final product... COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Cosmetics § 73.2995 Luminescent zinc sulfide. (a) Identity... coloring externally applied facial makeup preparations and nail polish included under § 720.4(c)(7)(ix) and...

  12. Reversible luminescence switch in a photochromic metal-organic framework. (United States)

    Sun, Jian-Ke; Cai, Li-Xuan; Chen, Yong-Juan; Li, Zhao-Hui; Zhang, Jie


    Eu(III) ions have been introduced into a photoactive viologen system to yield a polyrotaxane-like metal-organic framework, which exhibits reversible photochromism and luminescence modulation with a non-destructive readout capability in the solid state. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

  13. Electronic displays using optically pumped luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals (United States)

    Weiss, Shimon; Schlamp, Michael C.; Alivisatos, A. Paul


    A multicolor electronic display is based on an array of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals. Nanocrystals which emit light of different colors are grouped into pixels. The nanocrystals are optically pumped to produce a multicolor display. Different sized nanocrystals are used to produce the different colors. A variety of pixel addressing systems can be used.

  14. Luminescence from potassium feldspars stimulated by infrared and green light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duller, G.A.T.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.


    A series of experiments are reported which investigate stimulated luminescence from potassium feldspar. The aim is to provide a basic phenomenological description of the response of the material to stimulation by heat, infrared radiation (875 DELTA 80 nm) and a green light wavelength band from 5 15...

  15. Proceedings of the 4th New World Luminescence Dating and Dosimetry Workshop, Denver, Colorado, May 31 June 2, 2006 (United States)

    Wise, Richard A.


    Introduction: Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) is one of a class of measurements known as stimulated phenomena. Such phenomena may be stimulated thermally or optically and the reader is referred to works by Aitken (1998) and Botter-Jensen and others (2003) for more detail. In recent years OSL has become a popular procedure for the determination of environmental radiation doses absorbed by archeological and geological materials in an attempt to date these materials. The first OSL measurements on quartz and feldspar were made using an argon ion-laser (Huntley et al., 1985). However, the development of cheaper stimulation systems based first on filtered lamps and then on light- emitting diodes (LEDs) (Spooner, et al., 1990; Botter-Jensen, and others, 1999) has led to a massive expansion in OSL dating applications. The abstracts in this volume represent presentations from a workshop held in May-June 2006, at the Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado, in which OSL methodologies and applications were summarized and integrated to provide a current synthesis of the OSL science being applied throughout North America. The workshop, sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey Crustal Imaging and Characterization Team and North Dakota State University, was open to all scientists interested in OSL dating techniques and radiation dosimetry. Participants included thirty-six research scientists and students in geology, archaeology, and physics from the U.S. Geological Survey, Los Alamos National Labs, Kentucky Geological Survey, eight universities in the United States, one university in Canada, one university in India, and Riso National Labs of Denmark. The workshop included two keynote speakers: Dr. Ashok Singhvi (Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India) spoke on 'Some Unexplored Methodological Aspects and Some New Applications of Luminescence Dating,' while Dr. Jim Feathers (University of Seattle, WA) spoke on OSL Dating of Sediments From Paleoindian Sites in Brazil

  16. Fabrication and upconversion luminescence properties of YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers via monoaxial electrospinning combined with fluorination method. (United States)

    Li, Dan; Dong, Xiangting; Yu, Wensheng; Wang, Jinxian; Liu, Guixia


    YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were successfully fabricated via fluorination of the relevant Y2O3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers which were obtained by calcining the electrospun PVP/[Y(NO3)3 + Er(NO3)3] composite nanofibers. The morphology and properties of the products were investigated in detail by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and fluorescence spectrometer. YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were pure orthorhombic phase with space group Pnma and were hollow-centered structure with the mean diameter of 172 +/- 23 nm, and YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were composed of nanoparticles with the diameter ranging from 30 nm to 50 nm. Upconversion emission spectrum analysis manifested that YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers emitted strong green and weak red upconversion emission centering at 524 nm, 543 nm and 653 nm, respectively. The green emissions and the red emission were respectively originated from 2H11/2/4S3/2 --> 4I15/2 and 4F9/2 --> 4I15/2 energy levels transitions of the Er3+ ions. Moreover, the emitting colors of YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were located in the green region in CIE chromaticity coordinates diagram. The luminescent intensity of YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers was increased remarkably with the increasing doping concentration of Er3+ ions. The possible formation mechanism of YF3:Er3+ upconversion luminescence hollow nanofibers was also discussed. This preparation technique could be applied to prepare other rare earth fluoride upconversion luminescence hollow nanofibers.

  17. Dynamics of the mechanoluminescence induced by elastic deformation of persistent luminescent crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandra, V.K. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Shivaji Nagar, Kolihapuri, Durg 491001 (C.G.) (India); Chandra, B.P., E-mail: [Disha Academy of Research and Education, Disha Institute of Management and Technology, Satya Vihar, Vidhansabha-Chandrakhuri Marg, Raipur 492101 (C.G.) (India)


    When a composite of suitable dimension formed by mixing the microcrystalline or nanocrystalline persistent luminescent materials in epoxy resin is deformed at a fixed pressing rate, then the elastico mechanoluminescence (EML) emission takes place after a threshold pressure, in which the EML intensity increases linearly with the applied pressure. When the applied pressure is kept constant or decreased linearly, then the EML intensity decreases with time, in which depending on the prevailing condition, the EML intensity initially decreases at a fast rate and then at a slow rate or sometimes it decreases exponentially having only one decay time. When a small ball is dropped from a low height onto the film of a persistent luminescent material, then initially the EML intensity increases with time, attains a peak value and then it decreases initially at a fast rate and later on at a slow rate. In this case, both the peak EML intensity and the total EML intensity increase linearly with the height through which the ball is dropped onto the film. Considering the piezoelectrically induced detrapping model based on successive detrapping of exponentially distributed traps a theoretical approach is made to the dynamics of light emission induced by elastic deformation of persistent luminescent crystals and thin films. It is shown that the EML intensity depends on several parameters such as pressure, pressing rate or strain rate, temperature, density of filled electron traps, piezoelectric constant near defect centers, etc. Both, in the case of slow deformation and impact stress, the fast decay time is related to the time-constant for the decrease of pressing rate of the samples and the slow decay time of EML is related to the lifetime of electrons in the shallow traps lying in the normal piezoelectric region of the crystals. Both, the EML produced during the release of pressure and the EML produced during the successive applications of pressure take place due to the detrapping

  18. Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ogiegło, J.M.; Katelnikovas, A.; Zych, A.K.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/31407564X; Jüstel, T.; Meijerink, A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/075044986; Ronda, R.C.


    The optical properties of gadolinium gallium aluminum garnet, Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12, doped with Ce3+ are investigated as a function of the Ga/Al ratio, aimed at an improved understanding of the energy flow and luminescence quenching in these materials. A decrease of both the crystal field strength and band

  19. Microwave hydrothermal synthesis and upconversion luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Logo of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Indian Academy of .... Department of Biochemistry, Ganzhou Teachers College, Ganzhou 341000, China; School of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, and Center for Rare-Earth Optoelectronic Materials, Ganzhou 341000, China ...

  20. Influence of Nanosized Silicon Oxide on the Luminescent Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaliy Shvalagin


    Full Text Available For practical use of nanosized zinc oxide as the phosphor its luminescence quantum yields should be maximized. The aim of this work was to enhance luminescent properties of ZnO nanoparticles and obtain high-luminescent ZnO/SiO2 composites using simpler approaches to colloidal synthesis. The luminescence intensity of zinc oxide nanoparticles was increased about 3 times by addition of silica nanocrystals to the source solutions during the synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles. Then the quantum yield of luminescence of the obtained ZnO/SiO2 composites is more than 30%. Such an impact of silica is suggested to be caused by the distribution of ZnO nanocrystals on the surface of silica, which reduces the probability of separation of photogenerated charges between the zinc oxide nanoparticles of different sizes, and as a consequence, there is a significant increase of the luminescence intensity of ZnO nanoparticles. This way of increasing nano-ZnO luminescence intensity facilitates its use in a variety of devices, including optical ultraviolet and visible screens, luminescent markers, antibacterial coatings, luminescent solar concentrators, luminescent inks for security printing, and food packaging with abilities of informing consumers about the quality and safety of the packaged product.

  1. Y2O3:Bi nanophosphor: Solution combustion synthesis, structure, and luminescence (United States)

    Jacobsohn, L. G.; Blair, M. W.; Tornga, S. C.; Brown, L. O.; Bennett, B. L.; Muenchausen, R. E.


    Photoluminescence (PL), radioluminescence (RL), and thermoluminescence (TL) investigation of Y2O3:Bi nanophosphors prepared by solution combustion synthesis using urea, glycine, and hexamethylenetetramine (HMT) as fuels was carried out. The as-prepared nanopowders have increasing crystallinity and average crystallite sizes for urea, glycine, and HMT, respectively. Luminescence is composed of two emission bands centered at 408 and 505 nm due to two nonequivalent Bi3+ sites with symmetry S6 and C2, respectively. The occupancy of these sites depends on the synthesis conditions, in agreement with theoretical predictions. Annealing at 1000 °C for 1 h improves PL and RL efficiency due to enhanced crystallinity of the nanopowders and activation of recombination centers (Bi3+ ions). No shift in the PL peak position was observed as a function of average crystallite size. The concentration quenching was experimentally determined to have a maximum emission of around 3 mol % of the dopant. TL spectra present several peaks between 50 and 300 °C, and the total TL signal is correlated with the heat of combustion of the fuel and thus crystallinity increases. Most likely, increases in RL and TL are also due to the increase in the concentration of recombination centers.

  2. Neutral Luminescent Metal-Organic Frameworks: Structural Diversification, Photophysical Properties, and Sensing Applications. (United States)

    Chakraborty, Gouri; Mandal, Sanjay K


    Utilizing flexible bis(tridentate)polypyridyl ligands, the two new luminescent 2D metal organic frameworks {Zn 2 (tpbn)(2,6-NDC) 2 } n (1) and {[Zn 2 (tphn)(2,6-NDC) 2 ]·4H 2 O} n (2), where tpbn = N,N',N″,N‴-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, tphn = N,N',N″,N‴-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,6-diaminohexane, and 2,6-H 2 NDC = 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid, have been isolated in good yields under solvothermal conditions. Their solid-state molecular structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffractometry. Both 1 and 2 have pentacoordinated Zn(II) centers with an N 3 O 2 environment from three nitrogen atoms of the tpbn or tphn ligand and two carboxylate oxygen atoms from two different 2,6-NDC linkers. However, the binding modes of the tridentate part of polypyridyl ligands to the Zn(II) center are different in 1 and 2-meridional (tpbn) vs facial (tphn) due to an increase (1.5 times) in the methylene chain length. Thus, the binding mode of 2,6-NDC to the Zn(II) center differs: bis(monodentate) syn-anti in 1 and bis(monodentate) syn-syn in 2. This difference in binding modes of the components has a profound effect on the conformation of the six-membered ring (metal centers are considered as the vertices in it) within the 2D framework: honeycomb vs chair form for 1 and 2, respectively. In addition to further characterization by elemental analysis and UV-vis and FT-IR spectroscopy, their framework stabilities in water and thermal properties have been studied by powder X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. On the basis of thermodiffractometry, 1 and 2 retain their crystallinity and overall structure up to 350 and 325 °C, respectively. Their luminescent properties have been utilized to demonstrate sensing of various solvents as well as nitro-aromatic compounds in water, which correlate well with their structural differences. Through the spectral overlap, lifetime measurements, and nature of the Stern-Volmer plots

  3. Synthesis, structure and luminescence property of 2D lanthanide complexes with 3-fluorophthalate and oxalate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cha, Yu-E [Department of Chemistry, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048 (China); Li, Xia, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048 (China); Song, Shuang [Department of Chemistry, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048 (China)


    Complexes [Ln{sub 2}(fpht){sub 2}(ox)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (Ln=Sm 1, Eu 2, Tb 3 and Dy 4; fpht=3-fluorophthalate and ox=oxalate) have been synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The four complexes possess similar 2D framework structures constructed from Ln-fpht double-stranded helices and ox linkages. Complexes 2 and 3 display the characteristic emission {sup 5}D{sub 0}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub J} (J=0-4) transitions of Eu(III) ion and {sup 5}D{sub 4}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub J} (J=6-3) transitions of Tb(III) ion, respectively. The emission decay curves reveal a monoexponential behavior yielding the lifetime values of 0.266{+-}0.002 ms for 2 and 0.733{+-}0.002 ms for 3. The emission spectrum of 1 shows three weak bands corresponding to the characteristic emission {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 5/2}, {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 7/2} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 9/2} transitions of Sm(III) ion. The emission spectrum of 4 displays a broad band centered at 438 nm, which comes from the {pi}{sup Low-Asterisk }-{pi} transition of the ligand. - Graphical abstract: Complexes [Ln{sub 2}(fpht){sub 2}(ox)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (fpht=3-fluorophthalate, ox=oxalate) possess 2D structures. Sm(III), Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes show the characteristic fluorescent emission of the Ln(III). Dy(III) complex displays ligand-based luminescent behavior. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer [Ln{sub 2}(fpht){sub 2}(ox)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (fpht=3-fluorophthalate; ox=oxalate) show 2D structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The 2D structures are constructed from Ln-fpht double-stranded helices and ox linkage. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Sm(III), Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes show the characteristic emission of the Ln(III) ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dy(III) complex displays ligand-based luminescent behavior.

  4. Usage Center

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleinaltenkamp, Michael; Plewa, Carolin; Gudergan, Siegfried


    -actor value cocreation, this paper is the first to comprehensively andcoherently conceptualize the notion of a usage center. In doing so, the authorsbuild an important foundation for future theorizing related to the potentialemergence of usage centers as well as the cocreation of individual andcollective...

  5. Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescence of lanthanide complexes sensitized with dpphen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie, Hongzhen [Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); State Key Laboratory Base of Novel Functional Materials and Preparation Science, Faculty of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315211 (China); Lu, Guanzhong, E-mail: [Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China)


    Three new lanthanide complexes [Ln(dpphen)(L)(NO{sub 3})] (Ln=Tb(1), Eu(2), Nd(3), H{sub 2}L=glutaric acid, dpphen=4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline) have been synthesized hydrothermally by the reaction of H{sub 2}L, dpphen and Ln(III) ions. The X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that three coordination polymers have similar structures. The Ln(III) ions are nine coordinated and glutarate ligands bridge Ln(III) to form 1D polymer chains. The solid-state luminescence of complexes 1 and 2 was investigated at room temperature. The complexes 1 and 2 exhibited strong green and red luminescence under ultraviolet light. The {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub j} (j=6, 5, 4 and 3) transition emissions of Tb(III) and the {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub j} (j=0–4) transition emissions of Eu(III) were observed in their emission spectra. The strong luminescence of complexes 1 and 2 demonstrates that luminescence of lanthanide coordination polymers is sensitized by an effective energy-transfer from dpphen ligand to Ln(III) ions. Moreover, the magnetic properties of complexes 1–3 were also investigated. -- Graphical abstract: Three new coordination polymers, [Ln(dpphen)(L)(NO{sub 3})] (Ln=Tb(1), Eu(2), Nd(3), H{sub 2}L=glutaric acid) were synthesized hydrothermally. Ln(III) ions are nine coordinated and the glutarate ligands bridge the Ln(III) to from 1D polymer chains. The complexes Tb(III) and Eu(III) exhibit strong green and red luminescence respectively. Highlights: • Tb{sup 3+}- and Eu{sup 3+}-dpphen complexes exhibit strong green and red light respectively. • Luminescence of ligand is suppressed in complexes due to efficient ligand-to-metal energy transfer. • Three 1D chain-like new coordination polymers were synthesized hydrothermally. • Three lanthanide coordination polymers exhibit good thermal stability.

  6. Cherenkov luminescence measurements with digital silicon photomultipliers: a feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ciarrocchi, Esther; Belcari, Nicola; Guerra, Alberto Del [Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Pisa (Italy); INFN, section of Pisa, Pisa (Italy); Cherry, Simon R. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA (United States); Lehnert, Adrienne; Hunter, William C. J.; McDougald, Wendy; Miyaoka, Robert S.; Kinahan, Paul E. [Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)


    A feasibility study was done to assess the capability of digital silicon photomultipliers to measure the Cherenkov luminescence emitted by a β source. Cherenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) is possible with a charge coupled device (CCD) based technology, but a stand-alone technique for quantitative activity measurements based on Cherenkov luminescence has not yet been developed. Silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) are photon counting devices with a fast impulse response and can potentially be used to quantify β-emitting radiotracer distributions by CLI. In this study, a Philips digital photon counting (PDPC) silicon photomultiplier detector was evaluated for measuring Cherenkov luminescence. The PDPC detector is a matrix of avalanche photodiodes, which were read one at a time in a dark count map (DCM) measurement mode (much like a CCD). This reduces the device active area but allows the information from a single avalanche photodiode to be preserved, which is not possible with analog SiPMs. An algorithm to reject the noisiest photodiodes and to correct the measured count rate for the dark current was developed. The results show that, in DCM mode and at (10–13) °C, the PDPC has a dynamic response to different levels of Cherenkov luminescence emitted by a β source and transmitted through an opaque medium. This suggests the potential for this approach to provide quantitative activity measurements. Interestingly, the potential use of the PDPC in DCM mode for direct imaging of Cherenkov luminescence, as a opposed to a scalar measurement device, was also apparent. We showed that a PDPC tile in DCM mode is able to detect and image a β source through its Cherenkov radiation emission. The detector’s dynamic response to different levels of radiation suggests its potential quantitative capabilities, and the DCM mode allows imaging with a better spatial resolution than the conventional event-triggered mode. Finally, the same acquisition procedure and data processing could

  7. Lanthanide doped ultrafine hybrid nanostructures: multicolour luminescence, upconversion based energy transfer and luminescent solar collector applications. (United States)

    Singh, Priyam; Shahi, Praveen Kumar; Singh, Sunil Kumar; Singh, Akhilesh Kumar; Singh, Manish Kumar; Prakash, Rajiv; Rai, Shyam Bahadur


    We herein demonstrate novel inorganic-organic hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs) composed of inorganic NPs, NaY0.78Er0.02Yb0.2F4, and an organic β-diketonate complex, Eu(TTA)3Phen, for energy harvesting applications. Both the systems maintain their core integrity and remain entangled through weak interacting forces. HNPs incorporate the characteristic optical behaviour of both the systems i.e. they give an intense red emission under UV excitation, due to Eu3+ in organic complexes, and efficient green upconversion emission of Er3+ in inorganic NPs for NIR (980 nm) excitation. However, (i) an energy transfer from Er3+ (inorganic NPs) to Eu3+ (organic complex) under NIR excitation, and (ii) an increase in the decay time of 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ for HNPs as compared to the Eu(TTA)3Phen complex, under different excitation wavelengths, are added optical characteristics which point to an important role of the interface between both the systems. Herein, the ultra-small size (6-9 nm) and spherical shape of the inorganic NPs offer a large surface area, which improves the weak interaction force between both the systems. Furthermore, the HNPs dispersed in the PMMA polymer have been successfully utilized for luminescent solar collector (LSC) applications.

  8. Decoration of ZnO Nanorods with Coral Reefs like NiO Nanostructures by the Hydrothermal Growth Method and Their Luminescence Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazhar Ali Abbasi


    Full Text Available Composite nanostructures of coral reefs like p-type NiO/n-type ZnO were synthesized on fluorine-doped tin oxide glass substrates by hydrothermal growth. Structural characterization was performed by field emission scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction techniques. This investigation shows that the adopted synthesis leads to high crystalline quality nanostructures. The morphological study shows that the coral reefs like nanostructures are densely packed on the ZnO nanorods. Cathodoluminescence (CL spectra for the synthesized composite nanostructures are dominated mainly by a broad interstitial defect related luminescence centered at ~630 nm. Spatially resolved CL images reveal that the luminescence of the decorated ZnO nanostructures is enhanced by the presence of the NiO.

  9. Extremely slow relaxation process of a yellow-luminescence-related state in GaN revealed by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zanardi Ocampo, J.M.; Kamata, N.; Okamoto, W.; Yamada, K. [Saitama Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Functional Materials Science; Hoshino, K.; Someya, T.; Arakawa, Y. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology


    In addition to detection of nonradiative recombination centers by a below-gap excitation (BGE) technique at steady state, we have studied the time-response of both donor-acceptor pair luminescence and yellow luminescence (YL) in GaN after switching off the BGE light. An extremely slow recovery of YL with a time constant of up to 28 s was observed, which is interpreted as a relaxation process of electrons from the state chosen by a BGE energy of 1.17 eV. The dependence of recovery time on the BGE energy and on the above-gap and below-gap excitation power densities became clear for the first time; it reflects the carrier recombination dynamics including YL among below-gap states. (orig.)

  10. Luminescence characteristics of dental ceramics for retrospective dosimetry: a preliminary study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailiff, I.K.; Correcher, V.; Delgado, A.; Goksu, Y.; Huebner, S


    Ceramic materials that are widely employed in dental prosthetics and repairs exhibit luminescent properties. Because of their use in the body, these materials are potentially of interest in situations where retrospective dosimetry for individuals is required but where monitoring was not planned. The luminescent properties of dental ceramics obtained in Germany, Spain and the UK were examined. Linear dose-response characteristics were obtained in the range <100 mGy to 10 Gy using thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence and infrared-stimulated luminescence measurement techniques. Measurements of time-resolved luminescence were also performed to examine the nature of the luminescence recombination under visible (470 nm) and IR (855 nm) stimulation. The results obtained by TL and optically stimulated techniques suggest that there may be deeper traps than previously observed in certain types of dental ceramic. Such traps may be less susceptible to optical and athermal fading than was reported in earlier studies. (author)

  11. IR Bismuth active centers in optical fibers: Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy


    Firstov, S. V.; Khopin, V. F.; Bufetov, I. A.; Firstova, E. G.; Guryanov, A. N.; Dianov, E. M.


    3D excitation-emission luminescence spectra of Bi-doped optical fibers of various compositions were measured in a wide wavelength range 450-1700 nm. Such luminescence spectra were obtained for Bi-doped pure silica and germania fibers, and for Bi-doped Al- or P-codoped silica fibers (at room and liquid nitrogen temperatures). The energy level schemes of IR bismuth active centers in pure silica and germania core fibers were derived from spectra obtained. The energy level schemes similarity of b...

  12. Synthesis, structure, luminescence and photocatalytic properties of an uranyl-2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate coordination polymer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Si, Zhen-Xiu; Xu, Wei, E-mail:; Zheng, Yue-Qing, E-mail:


    An uranium coordination polymer, namely [(UO{sub 2}(pydc)(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O (1) (H{sub 2}pydc=2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid), has been obtained by hydrothermal method and characterized by X-ray single crystal structure determination. Structural analysis reveals that complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer, in which UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} ions are bridged by 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate ligands and the chains are connected into a 3D supramolecular network by O–H···O hydrogen bond interactions and π–π stacking interactions. The photocatalytic properties of 1 for degradation of methylene blue (MB), Rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO) under Hg-lamp irradiation have been performed, and the amount of the catalyst as well as Hg-lamp irradiation with different power on the photodegradation efficiency of MB have been investigated. Elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, TG-DTA analyses and luminescence properties were also discussed. - Graphical abstract: Complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer in which UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} ions are bridged by 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate ligand. Photoluminescence studies reveal that complex 1 exhibits characteristic emissions of uranyl centers. The compound is selective to degraded dye and displays good photocatalytic activities for the degradation of MB under Hg-lamp. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer. • Complex 1 could degrade methylene blue and Rhodamine B under Hg-lamp irradiation. • Luminescent property of 1 has been studied.

  13. UV-Activated Luminescence/Colourimetric O2 Indicator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Mills


    Full Text Available An oxygen indicator is described, comprising nanoparticles of titania dispersed in hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC polymer film containing a sacrificial electron donor, glycerol, and the redox indicator, indigo-tetrasulfonate (ITS. The indicator is blue- coloured in the absence of UV light, however upon exposure to UV light it not only loses its colour but also luminesces, unless and until it is exposed to oxygen, whereupon its original colour is restored. The initial photobleaching spectral (absorbance and luminescence response characteristics in air and in vacuum are described and discussed in terms of a simple reaction scheme involving UV activation of the titania photocatalyst particles, which are used to reduce the redox dye, ITS, to its leuco form, whilst simultaneously oxidising the glycerol to glyceraldehye. The response characteristics of the activated, that is, UV photobleached, form of the indicator to oxygen are also reported and the possible uses of such an indicator to measure ambient O2 levels are discussed.

  14. Supramolecular Luminescence from Oligofluorenol-Based Supramolecular Polymer Semiconductors (United States)

    Zhang, Guang-Wei; Wang, Long; Xie, Ling-Hai; Lin, Jin-Yi; Huang, Wei


    Supramolecular luminescence stems from non-covalent exciton behaviors of active π-segments in supramolecular entities or aggregates via intermolecular forces. Herein, a π-conjugated oligofluorenol, containing self-complementary double hydrogen bonds, was synthesized using Suzuki coupling as a supramolecular semiconductor. Terfluorenol-based random supramolecular polymers were confirmed via concentration-dependent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The photoluminescent spectra of the TFOH-1 solution exhibit a green emission band (g-band) at approximately ~520 nm with reversible features, as confirmed through titration experiments. Supramolecular luminescence of TFOH-1 thin films serves as robust evidence for the aggregates of g-band. Our results suggest that the presence of polyfluorene ketone defects is a sufficient condition, rather than a sufficient-necessary condition for the g-band. Supramolecular electroluminescence will push organic devices into the fields of supramolecular optoelectronics, spintronics, and mechatronics. PMID:24232455

  15. Supramolecular Luminescence from Oligofluorenol-Based Supramolecular Polymer Semiconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Wei Zhang


    Full Text Available Supramolecular luminescence stems from non-covalent exciton behaviors of active π-segments in supramolecular entities or aggregates via intermolecular forces. Herein, a π-conjugated oligofluorenol, containing self-complementary double hydrogen bonds, was synthesized using Suzuki coupling as a supramolecular semiconductor. Terfluorenol-based random supramolecular polymers were confirmed via concentration-dependent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR and dynamic light scattering (DLS. The photoluminescent spectra of the TFOH-1 solution exhibit a green emission band (g-band at approximately ~520 nm with reversible features, as confirmed through titration experiments. Supramolecular luminescence of TFOH-1 thin films serves as robust evidence for the aggregates of g-band. Our results suggest that the presence of polyfluorene ketone defects is a sufficient condition, rather than a sufficient-necessary condition for the g-band. Supramolecular electroluminescence will push organic devices into the fields of supramolecular optoelectronics, spintronics, and mechatronics.

  16. Luminescent Properties of Oxazine 170 Perchlorate Doped PMMA Fiber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Miluski


    Full Text Available The article presents fabrication and luminescent properties of poly(methyl methacrylate (PMMA fiber doped by Oxazine 170 perchlorate. The bright fluorescence of polymeric fiber (at molar fluorescent organic dye concentration 4.3 × 10−5 was characterized in terms of spectrum and signal attenuation vs. the fiber length. The significant changes in fluorescence spectrum (λmax red shift average slope 4.6 nm/cm and Full Width at Half Maximum (FWHM increasing slope 6.7 nm/cm have been noticed for the length of the fiber (0.02–0.08 m which corresponds to a high overlapping region of absorption and emission spectra of used dye. The red shift of λmax (c.a. 80 nm was presented in fabricated polymeric fiber at distance 0.85 m. The obtained characteristics can be used for luminescent properties optimization of fluorescent organic-dye-doped PMMA fiber.

  17. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of natural barytes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitis, G., E-mail: gkitis@auth.g [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Nuclear Physics Laboratory, 54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Kiyak, N.G. [Faculty of Science and Arts, Physics Department, ISIK University, 34980 Sile, Istanbul (Turkey); Polymeris, G.S. [Faculty of Science and Arts, Physics Department, ISIK University, 34980 Sile, Istanbul (Turkey); Archaeometry Laboratory, Cultural and Educational Technology Institute, R. C. ' ATHENA' , Tsimiski 58, 67100 Xanthi (Greece)


    Heavy, baryte-loaded, concrete is commonly used as radiation shielding material around high energy particle accelerators. Concrete samples received from a shielding block located at CERN cite contain many crystalline inclusions which were identified as barytes by X-ray diffraction analysis and separated by their color, classified as white, orange and green. Basic properties of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) signals of these barytes samples such as thermal and optical stability, repeatability and mainly the linearity of both their luminescence responses were investigated as a function of beta dose. These results are also discussed regarding detailed investigation on the correlation between TL and OSL signals and their implications for retrospective dosimetry.

  18. Unsupervised analysis of small animal dynamic Cerenkov luminescence imaging. (United States)

    Spinelli, Antonello E; Boschi, Federico


    Clustering analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied to dynamic Cerenkov luminescence images (dCLI). In order to investigate the performances of the proposed approaches, two distinct dynamic data sets obtained by injecting mice with (32)P-ATP and (18)F-FDG were acquired using the IVIS 200 optical imager. The k-means clustering algorithm has been applied to dCLI and was implemented using interactive data language 8.1. We show that cluster analysis allows us to obtain good agreement between the clustered and the corresponding emission regions like the bladder, the liver, and the tumor. We also show a good correspondence between the time activity curves of the different regions obtained by using CA and manual region of interest analysis on dCLIT and PCA images. We conclude that CA provides an automatic unsupervised method for the analysis of preclinical dynamic Cerenkov luminescence image data.

  19. Stress determination in thermally grown alumina scales using ruby luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renusch, D.; Veal, B.W.; Koshelev, I.; Natesan, K.; Grimsditch [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Hou, P.Y. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)


    By exploiting the strain dependence of the ruby luminescence line, we have measured the strain in alumina scales thermally grown on Fe-Cr- Al alloys. Results are compared and found to be reasonably consistent with strains determined using x rays. Oxidation studies were carried out on alloys Fe - 5Cr - 28Al and Fe - 18Cr - 10Al (at.%). Significantly different levels of strain buildup were observed in scales on these alloys. Results on similar alloys containing a ``reactive element`` (Zr or Hf) in dilute quantity are also presented. Scales on alloys containing a reactive element (RE) can support significantly higher strains than scales on RE-free alloys. With the luminescence technique, strain relief associated with spallation thresholds is readily observed.

  20. A Smart pH-Responsive Three Components Luminescent Hydrogel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yibao Li


    Full Text Available In this study, we report a novel three-component luminescent hydrogel, which is composed of amino acid derivatives (N,N′-di valine-3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid, NVPD, riboflavin (RF, and melamine (MM. The three-component hydrogel is attributed to multiple hydrogen bonds and the strong π-π stacking interaction between these molecules. Based on the strong hydrogen bonding of the gelator, when the reversible process between the gel and the solution take places it changes the pH of the system from 6.1 to 10.6. In addition, green fluorescence could be the emissive of the hydrogel under 498 nm and the conversion process of the aggregation state repeated reversibly by altering the value of ambient pH. This pH-responsive luminescent gel may display potential for use in nano pH sensors.

  1. Modelling the luminescence of iridium cyclometalated complexes encapsulated in cucurbituril. (United States)

    Alrawashdeh, Lubna R; Cronin, Michael P; Day, Anthony I; Wallace, Lynne; Woodward, Clifford E


    Iridium(iii) cyclometalated complexes in aqueous solution often display relatively weak luminescence. It has been shown in previous work that this emission can be significantly enhanced (by up to two orders of magnitude) by encapsulation in cucurbit[10]uril (Q[10]). Luminescence lifetime measurements suggest a dynamic self-quenching mechanism is active, possibly due to displacement of an excited guest complex via collision with an unbound complex. We devise a model for the association of a group of iridium(iii) cyclometalated complexes with Q[10]. The model parameters are then fitted to steady-state emission titration curves. The excellent agreement of experimental data with the model provides valuable mechanistic information relating to the way this class of metal complexes interact and associate with the Q[10] host.

  2. Synthesis of biocompatible multicolor luminescent carbon dots for bioimaging applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaprasad Puvvada, B N Prashanth Kumar, Suraj Konar, Himani Kalita, Mahitosh Mandal and Amita Pathak


    Full Text Available Water-soluble carbon dots (C-dots were prepared through microwave-assisted pyrolysis of an aqueous solution of dextrin in the presence of sulfuric acid. The C-dots produced showed multicolor luminescence in the entire visible range, without adding any surface-passivating agent. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies revealed the graphitic nature of the carbon and the presence of hydrophilic groups on the surface, respectively. The formation of uniformly distributed C-dots and their luminescent properties were, respectively, revealed from transmission electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The biocompatible nature of C-dots was confirmed by a cytotoxicity assay on MDA-MB-468 cells and their cellular uptake was assessed through a localization study.

  3. Supramolecular luminescence from oligofluorenol-based supramolecular polymer semiconductors. (United States)

    Zhang, Guang-Wei; Wang, Long; Xie, Ling-Hai; Lin, Jin-Yi; Huang, Wei


    Supramolecular luminescence stems from non-covalent exciton behaviors of active π-segments in supramolecular entities or aggregates via intermolecular forces. Herein, a π-conjugated oligofluorenol, containing self-complementary double hydrogen bonds, was synthesized using Suzuki coupling as a supramolecular semiconductor. Terfluorenol-based random supramolecular polymers were confirmed via concentration-dependent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The photoluminescent spectra of the TFOH-1 solution exhibit a green emission band (g-band) at approximately ~520 nm with reversible features, as confirmed through titration experiments. Supramolecular luminescence of TFOH-1 thin films serves as robust evidence for the aggregates of g-band. Our results suggest that the presence of polyfluorene ketone defects is a sufficient condition, rather than a sufficient-necessary condition for the g-band. Supramolecular electroluminescence will push organic devices into the fields of supramolecular optoelectronics, spintronics, and mechatronics.

  4. Luminescent metal-organic frameworks as explosive sensors. (United States)

    Banerjee, Debasis; Hu, Zhichao; Li, Jing


    Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are of enormous current interest not only because of their fundamental importance but also due to their great potential for possible applications in gas storage and separation, catalysis, imaging and sensing, to name a few. Recent studies on luminescent MOFs (LMOFs) in both bulk and nanoparticle forms have shown that these materials possess excellent luminescence emission properties that may be utilized to effectively detect high explosive substances. Developing highly sensitive, selective, fast-responding and fully reversible sensors for explosives' detection is in great demand for the homeland security, environmental safety and other humanitarian concerns. In this perspective article, we discuss the development, possible mechanism and future aspects of explosive sensing by LMOF materials.

  5. Luminescent rare-earth-based MOFs as optical sensors. (United States)

    Mahata, Partha; Mondal, Sudip Kumar; Singha, Debal Kanti; Majee, Prakash


    Rare-earth-based metal-organic frameworks (ReMOFs) have emerged as an interesting family of compounds, for which new properties are increasingly being found. Based on the potential of ReMOFs, resulting from their optical properties, large numbers of investigations have been carried out during the last decade. Among these investigations, ReMOFs as optical sensors, using their luminescence properties, are increasingly becoming an attractive and useful topic of research. In this study, we have provided the basics of the luminescence behaviour of ReMOFs, various possible sensing mechanisms, and a summary of the uses of ReMOFs for the sensing of nitro explosives, cations, anions, small molecules, pH, and temperature.

  6. The use of luminescence for dating young volcanic eruptions (United States)

    Schmidt, Christoph; Schaarschmidt, Maria; Kolb, Thomas; Richter, Daniel; Tchouankoue, Jean Pierre; Zöller, Ludwig


    Reliable chronologies of volcanic eruptions are vital for hazard analysis, but dating of Holocene and Late Pleistocene volcanism poses a major challenge. Established techniques such as 40Ar/39Ar are often problematic due to the long half-life of 40K or the absence of datable materials. In this context, luminescence dating methods are an alternative since they are applicable to Earth's most common minerals and to a range of different datable events. Luminescence signal resetting during volcanic activity can be caused by heat (lava, contact to lava), light (disintegration of ejecta) or (temperature-assisted) pressure in the course of phreatomagmatic explosions. While volcanogenic minerals assembling basalt or other volcanic rocks are less suitable for luminescence dating due to so-called anomalous fading, the signal of volcanogenically heated or fragmented country rock actually relates to the time of eruption as well and further provides reproducible results. This contribution aims to illustrate the potential of this latter approach by presenting two case studies. The first refers to two Late Pleistocene scoria cones in the Westeifel Volcanic Field (WEVF), Germany, of which the Wartgesberg locality was dated by 40Ar/39Ar and 14C, while the closeby Facher Höhe is chronologically poorly constrained (Mertz et al. 2015; pers comm. Luise Eichhorn, 2016). The former locality allows testing the accuracy of various luminescence techniques (thermoluminescence, TL, optically stimulated luminescence, OSL, infrared stimulated luminescence, IRSL) applied to quartz and feldspar against independent age control. The other study site is the monogenetic Lake Nyos Maar as part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line, having killed 1,700 people in 1986 following the release of large amounts of CO2. Previous dating efforts of the last explosive activity are inconsistent and yielded age estimates ranging from 400 a (14C) to >350 ka (K-Ar) (Aka et al. 2008). Our results demonstrate that multiple

  7. Ion beam induced luminescence characterisation of CVD diamond films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bettiol, A.A.; Gonon, P.; Jamieson, D.N. [Melbourne Univ., Parkville, VIC (Australia). School of Physics


    The characterisation of the band structure properties of materials and devices by ion microprobe techniques has been made possible at the Melbourne MeV ion microprobe facility with the development of Ion Beam Induced Luminescence (IBIL). A number of diamond films grown by Microwave Plasma Chemical Vapour Deposition (MPCVD) on silicon substrates are analysed. A preliminary study of the luminescence properties of these samples has revealed information not previously obtainable via traditional microprobe techniques. The optical effects of incorporating dopants during the deposition process is determined using IBIL. The presence of trace element impurities introduced during growth is examined by Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE), and a measurement of the film thickness is made using Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS). 7 refs., 2 figs.

  8. Naturally Efficient Emitters: Luminescent Organometallic Complexes Derived from Natural Products (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-Hua; Young, David J.


    Naturally occurring molecules offer intricate structures and functionality that are the basis of modern medicinal chemistry, but are under-represented in materials science. Herein, we review recent literature describing the use of abundant and relatively inexpensive, natural products for the synthesis of ligands for luminescent organometallic complexes used for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and related technologies. These ligands are prepared from the renewable starting materials caffeine, camphor, pinene and cinchonine and, with the exception of caffeine, impart performance improvements to the emissive metal complexes and resulting OLED devices, with emission wavelengths that span the visible spectrum from blue to red. The advantages of these biologically-derived molecules include improved solution processibility and phase homogeneity, brighter luminescence, higher quantum efficiencies and lower turn-on voltages. While nature has evolved these carbon-skeletons for specific purposes, they also offer some intriguing benefits in materials science and technology.

  9. Synthesis and Characterization of La-Doped Luminescent Multilayer Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tianlei Wang


    Full Text Available In this work, we have successfully designed ordered luminescent multilayer films based on La-doped nonmagnetic or magnetic inorganic nanostructure with electronic microenvironment (EM. The inorganic nanosheets with opposite charge can assemble EM between the interlayers. At the same time, their elements on nanosheets of layer double hydroxides (LDHs are facile to be replaced so that we can introduce transition metal or lanthanide elements. Besides, ferromagnetic effect (FE can be formed in this microenvironment due to introducing transition metal on LDHs nanosheets. As a result, we confirm that EM, FE, and doping La element in the LDHs can affect the vibration of backbone of chromophores and then prolong the luminescent lifetime, which suggests a new pathway for developing the novel light-emitting thin films.

  10. Enhancing luminescence in lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles. (United States)

    Han, Sanyang; Deng, Renren; Xie, Xiaoji; Liu, Xiaogang


    The enthusiasm for research on lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles is driven by both a fundamental interest in the optical properties of lanthanides embedded in different host lattices and their promise for broad applications ranging from biological imaging to photodynamic therapy. Despite the considerable progress made in the past decade, the field of upconversion nanoparticles has been hindered by significant experimental challenges associated with low upconversion conversion efficiencies. Recent experimental and theoretical studies on upconversion nanoparticles have, however, led to the development of several effective approaches to enhancing upconversion luminescence, which could have profound implications for a range of applications. Herein we present the underlying principles of controlling energy transfer through lanthanide doping, overview the major advances and key challenging issues in improving upconversion luminescence, and consider the likely directions of future research in the field. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  11. Luminescence sensitivity changes in quartz as a result of annealing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Agersnap Larsen, N.; Mejdahl, V.


    Retrospective dosimetry using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) on quartz extracted from (for example) bricks needs to account for strong OSL sensitivity changes that are known to occur depending on the previous thermal treatment of the sample. Non-heated quartz exhibits OSL orders...... of magnitude less per unit radiation than that for heated material. The reason these temperature-induced sensitivity changes occur in quartz is presently not well understood. This phenomenon is also seen in the related area of luminescence dating in which sedimentary quartz and quartz from heated...... archaeological samples show very different OSL sensitivities. In this paper we report on studies of the effect of high temperature annealing on the OSL and phototransferred TL (PTTL) signals from sedimentary and synthetic quartz. A dramatic enhancement of both OSL and PTTL sensitivity was found especially...

  12. [Synthesis and luminescence properties of reactive ternary europium complexes]. (United States)

    Guo, Dong-cai; Shu, Wan-gen; Zhang, Wei; Liu, You-nian; Zhou, Yue


    In this paper, five new reactive ternary europium complexes were synthesized with the first ligand of 1,10-phenanthroline and the reactive second ligands of maleic anhydride, acrylonitrile, undecenoic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid, and also characterized by means of elemental analysis, EDTA titrimetric method, FTIR spectra and UV spectra. The fluorescence spectra show that the five new ternary complexes have much higher luminescence intensity than their corresponding binary complexes, and the synergy ability sequence of the five reactive ligands is as follows: linoleic acid > oleic acid > acrylonitrile > maleic anhydride > undecenoic acid. At the same time, the reactive ternary europium complexes coordinated with the reactive ligands, which can be copolymerized with other monomers, will provide a new way for the synthesis of bonding-type rare earth polymer functional materials with excellent luminescence properties.

  13. Highly luminescent metal-organic frameworks through quantum dot doping. (United States)

    Buso, Dario; Jasieniak, Jacek; Lay, Matthew D H; Schiavuta, Piero; Scopece, Paolo; Laird, Jamie; Amenitsch, Heinz; Hill, Anita J; Falcaro, Paolo


    The incorporation of highly luminescent core-shell quantum dots (QDs) within a metal-organic framework (MOF) is achieved through a one-pot method. Through appropriate surface functionalization, the QDs are solubilized within MOF-5 growth media. This permits the incorporation of the QDs within the evolving framework during the reaction. The resulting QD@MOF-5 composites are characterized using X-ray fluorescence, cross-sectional confocal microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and small-angle X-ray scattering. The synergistic combination of luminescent QDs and the controlled porosity of MOF-5 in the QD@MOF-5 composites is harnessed within a prototype molecular sensor that can discriminate on the basis of molecular size. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Luminescence de l'argent dans les phosphates


    Belharouak, Ilias


    The aim of this work was to study and characterize the luminescence money in phosphate materials, whether crystalline or glassy...; Le but de ce travail était d'étudier et de caractériser la luminescence de l'argent dans les matériaux phosphatés, qu'ils soient cristallisés ou vitreux. Trois types de centres photoluminescents ont été mis en évidence : le premier centre, appelé (A) est caractéristique des transitions dans les phases AgM(PO3)3 (M = Mg, Zn, Ba) et Na2-xAgxZnP2O7 dont les structur...

  15. X-ray luminescence of BaF 2:Ce 3+ powders


    BATYGOV S. KH.; MAYAKOVA M.N.; S. V. Kuznetsov; Fedorov, P. P.


    We studied the mechanism for the formation of ceriumactivated barium fluoride scintillation ceramics and especially X-ray luminescence of its powdered precursors, prepared by coprecipitation of barium and cerium fluorides from aqueous solutions. We have found that the Ce 3+ luminescence, which is typical for cerium (III)-containing ceramics and single crystals, was not observed for such polycrystalline precursors, and the intensity of barium fluoride’s own luminescence decreases with increasi...

  16. A compact fiber-optic probe-based singlet oxygen luminescence detection system


    Gemmell, Nathan R.; McCarthy, Aongus; Kim, Michele M.; Veilleux, Israel; Zhu, Timothy C.; Buller, Gerald S.; Wilson, Brian C.; Hadfield, Robert H.


    This paper presents a novel compact fiberoptic based singlet oxygen near-infrared luminescence probe coupled to an InGaAs/InP single photon avalanche diode (SPAD) detector. Patterned time gating of the single-photon detector is used to limit unwanted dark counts and eliminate the strong photosensitizer luminescence background. Singlet oxygen luminescence detection at 1270 nm is confirmed through spectral filtering and lifetime fitting for Rose Bengal in water, and Photofrin in methanol as mod...

  17. Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) of dental enamel for retrospective assessment of radiation exposure


    Yukihara, E.G.; Mittani, J.; McKeever, S.W.S.; Simon, S.L.


    This paper briefly reviews the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of dental enamel and discusses the potential and challenges of OSL for filling the technology gap in biodosimetry required for medical triage following a radiological/nuclear accident or terrorist event. The OSL technique uses light to stimulate a radiation-induced luminescence signal from materials previously exposed to ionizing radiation. This luminescence originates from radiation-induced defects in insulatin...

  18. Study of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) for radiation detection. Application to an optical fibre {gamma}-radiation sensor; Etude de la luminescence stimulee optiquement (OSL) pour la detection de rayonnements: application a un capteur a fibre optique de rayonnement {gamma}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roy, O. [CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. d`Electronique et d`Instrumentation Nucleaire]|[Paris-7 Univ., 75 (France)


    This work shows up the usefulness of the Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) to resolve radioprotection problems. We study the use of OSL as a gamma dosimetric technique with respect to the ALARA`s concept (As Low As Reasonably Achievable). A new approach based on optical fibers and luminescent materials showing OSL properties (closely related to Thermoluminescence phenomena) is presented in order to improve the remote real time dosimetry monitoring. Like thermoluminescent materials (TLD), OSL materials can trap charges under an irradiation (UV, X, {gamma},...). Instead of heating, the charges trapped are released by light stimulation and produce a visible luminescence which amount is proportional to trap the `data stored` left by irradiation, enabling the dose measurement. The OSL phenomenon offers the same advantages as TLD plus the interesting possibility of a remote optical stimulation. The end-user objective deals with the development of a {gamma}-radiation Optical FIber Sensor (OFS) for dose measurement which can offer new functionalities based on OSL materials coupled with an optical fiber. Rare earth doped Alkaline Earth Sulphides (AES), BAFX:EU{sup 2+} (X = Cl, Br, I) and halogen alkaline have been studied (crystalline form, synthesis techniques, influence of dopants and color centers). Their characteristics are presented and extensively discussed. A specific experimental set-up to characterise various OSL phosphors has been developed. It allows the study of sensitivity, linearity, time decay behaviour of OSL signal and zeroing time. A joint study of OSL and TL has shown the technical limitations as well as the thermal fading and the origin of the long zeroing time. An Optical Fiber Sensor (OFS) based on OSL and using MgS:Sm has been developed for practical applications on nuclear fields. Its specifications are presented and discussed, moreover improvements are proposed. (author) 320 refs.

  19. Luminescence dosimetry: recent developments in theory and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKeever, S.W.S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078-3072 (United States)


    Thermally and optically stimulated luminescence have been used in applications in solid state physics, radiation dosimetry and geological dating for several decades. This paper gives a generalized description of these methods in terms of non-equilibrium thermodynamics and in doing so highlights similarities and differences between the methods. Recent advances in both the theory and application of the techniques are highlighted with numerous specific examples. (Author)

  20. The Voltage Boost Enabled by Luminescence Extraction in Solar Cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ganapati, Vidya; Steiner, Myles A.; Yablonovitch, Eli


    A new physical principle has emerged to produce record voltages and efficiencies in photovoltaic cells, 'luminescence extraction.' This is exemplified by the mantra 'a good solar cell should also be a good LED.' Luminescence extraction is the escape of internal photons out of the front surface of a solar cell. Basic thermodynamics says that the voltage boost should be related to concentration ratio, C, of a resource by{C}. In light trapping, (i.e. when the solar cell is textured and has a perfect back mirror) the concentration ratio of photons C={4n2}, so one would expect a voltage boost of ln{4n2} over a solar cell with no texture and zero back reflectivity, where n is the refractive index. Nevertheless, there has been ambiguity over the voltage benefit to be expected from perfect luminescence extraction. Do we gain an open circuit voltage boost of{n2},{2n2}, or{4n2}? What is responsible for this voltage ambiguity{4}=36mVolts? We show that different results come about, depending on whether the photovoltaic cell is optically thin or thick to its internal luminescence. In realistic intermediate cases of optical thickness the voltage boost falls in between; ln{n2}<;ln{4n2}.

  1. Implications of burial alterations on luminescence dating of archaeological ceramics


    Zacharias, N.; Buxeda i Garrigós, Jaume; ;H. Mommsen; Schwedt, A.; Kilikoglou, V.


    Recent mineralogical studies on archaeological pottery samples report significant variations in alkali metal concentrations due to environmental alterations during burial. Here we examine the effects of potassium (K) leaching on luminescence dating. The effect on the estimation of the dose rate is studied by considering four models of leaching (exponential, linear, early and late) and their impact on fine- and coarse-grain dating are calculated. The modeling approaches are applied to two case...

  2. Design and optimization of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals for optoelectronic applications


    Levchuk, Ievgen


    Luminescent colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals have attracted prominent attention for the last three decades since their size-dependent optical properties were discovered. Numerous applications in fields of light conversion such as light-emitting diodes (LED), photovoltaics, medicine, lasers and TV displays were developed. Despite the strong and rapid expansion of this field in the scope of material quality reflected by narrow size distribution and photoluminescence quantum yield, simplific...

  3. OLED lighting devices having multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer (United States)

    Krummacher, Benjamin Claus; Antoniadis, Homer


    An apparatus such as a light source has a multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer disposed over a transparent layer of the light source and on the exterior of said light source. The multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer includes a plurality of light extraction elements and a plurality of luminescence conversion elements. The light extraction elements diffuses the light from the light source while luminescence conversion elements absorbs a first spectrum of light from said light source and emits a second spectrum of light.

  4. Nondestructive, real-time determination and visualization of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin by luminescent oligothiophenes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ferdinand X Choong; Marcus Bäck; Svava E Steiner; Keira Melican; K Peter R Nilsson; Ulrica Edlund; Agneta Richter-dahlfors


    .... We investigated the feasibility of luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes (LCOs) for non-destructive, rapid detection and quality assessment of lignocellulosic components in complex biomass matrices...

  5. Temperature and Pressure Sensors Based on Spin-Allowed Broadband Luminescence of Doped Orthorhombic Perovskite Structures (United States)

    Eldridge, Jeffrey I. (Inventor); Chambers, Matthew D. (Inventor)


    Systems and methods that are capable of measuring pressure or temperature based on luminescence are discussed herein. These systems and methods are based on spin-allowed broadband luminescence of sensors with orthorhombic perovskite structures of rare earth aluminates doped with chromium or similar transition metals, such as chromium-doped gadolinium aluminate. Luminescence from these sensors can be measured to determine at least one of temperature or pressure, based on either the intense luminescence of these sensors, even at high temperatures, or low temperature techniques discussed herein.

  6. The luminescence of BaF{sub 2} nanoparticles upon high-energy excitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vistovskyy, V. V., E-mail:; Zhyshkovych, A. V.; Halyatkin, O. O.; Voloshinovskii, A. S. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8a Kyryla i Mefodiya St., 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Mitina, N. E.; Zaichenko, A. S. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 S. Bandera St., 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Rodnyi, P. A. [Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, 29, Polytekhnicheskaya, 195251 Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Vasil' ev, A. N. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Gektin, A. V. [Institute for Scintillation Materials, NAS of Ukraine, 60 Lenina Ave, 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine)


    The dependence of X-ray excited luminescence intensity on BaF{sub 2} nanoparticle size was studied. A sharp decrease of self-trapped exciton luminescence intensity was observed when the nanoparticle size is less than 80 nm. The main mechanism of the luminescence quenching is caused by the escape of electrons from the nanoparticles. Escape of electrons from nanoparticles is confirmed by the considerable increase of luminescence intensity of the polystyrene scintillator with embedded BaF{sub 2} nanoparticles comparing with pure polystyrene scintillator.

  7. Delayed luminescence in a multiparameter approach to evaluation and reduction of radiobiological risks (United States)

    Grasso, Rosaria; Cammarata, Francesco Paolo; Minafra, Luigi; Marchese, Valentina; Russo, Giorgio; Manti, Lorenzo; Musumeci, Francesco; Scordino, Agata


    In the framework of the research project ETHICS "Pre-clinical experimental and theoretical studies to improve treatment and protection by charged particles" funded by the National Nuclear Physics Institute, Italy, we studied the phenomenon called delayed luminescence emitted by non-tumorigenic breast epithelial MCF10A cell line after proton irradiation at different doses (0.5, 2, 6, 9 Gy). The aim is to found possible correlations between delayed luminescence and in vitro damaging induced by ion irradiation. The first results of this research show that the delayed luminescence kinetics is proton dose dependent. An interesting correlation between delayed luminescence and clonogenic potential was observed.

  8. Cerenkov luminescence tomography based on preconditioning orthogonal matching pursuit (United States)

    Liu, Haixiao; Hu, Zhenhua; Wang, Kun; Tian, Jie; Yang, Xin


    Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) is a novel optical imaging method and has been proved to be a potential substitute of the traditional radionuclide imaging such as positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). This imaging method inherits the high sensitivity of nuclear medicine and low cost of optical molecular imaging. To obtain the depth information of the radioactive isotope, Cerenkov luminescence tomography (CLT) is established and the 3D distribution of the isotope is reconstructed. However, because of the strong absorption and scatter, the reconstruction of the CLT sources is always converted to an ill-posed linear system which is hard to be solved. In this work, the sparse nature of the light source was taken into account and the preconditioning orthogonal matching pursuit (POMP) method was established to effectively reduce the ill-posedness and obtain better reconstruction accuracy. To prove the accuracy and speed of this algorithm, a heterogeneous numerical phantom experiment and an in vivo mouse experiment were conducted. Both the simulation result and the mouse experiment showed that our reconstruction method can provide more accurate reconstruction result compared with the traditional Tikhonov regularization method and the ordinary orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) method. Our reconstruction method will provide technical support for the biological application for Cerenkov luminescence.

  9. Luminescent nanoparticles and their applications in the life sciences (United States)

    Sreenivasan, Varun K. A.; Zvyagin, Andrei V.; Goldys, Ewa M.


    Nanoparticles have recently emerged as an important group of materials used in numerous disciplines within the life sciences, ranging from basic biophysical research to clinical therapeutics. Luminescent nanoparticles make excellent optical bioprobes significantly extending the capabilities of alternative fluorophores such as organic dyes and genetically engineered fluorescent proteins. Their advantages include excellent photostability, tunable and narrow spectra, controllable size, resilience to environmental conditions such as pH and temperature, combined with a large surface for anchoring targeting biomolecules. Some types of nanoparticles provide enhanced detection contrast due to their long emission lifetime and/or luminescence wavelength blue-shift (anti-Stokes) due to energy upconversion. This topical review focuses on four key types of luminescent nanoparticles whose emission is governed by different photophysics. We discuss the origin and characteristics of optical absorption and emission in these nanoparticles and give a brief account of synthesis and surface modification procedures. We also introduce some of their applications with opportunities for further development, which could be appreciated by the physics-trained readership.

  10. Visible luminescence in polyaniline/(gold nanoparticle) composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Renata F. S. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais (Brazil); Andrade, Cesar A. S. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Bioquimica (Brazil); Santos, Clecio G. dos [Instituto de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (Brazil); Melo, Celso P. de, E-mail: [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais (Brazil)


    We describe the use of solution chemistry methods to prepare polyaniline/(gold nanoparticles)-PANI/AuNPs-composites as colloidal particles that exhibit an intense green fluorescence after excitation in the ultraviolet region. Measurements of the relative fluorescence quantum yield indicate that the intensity of the observed luminescence of these nanocomposites is a few orders of magnitude higher than the corresponding fluorescence of either the isolated polymer or the pure AuNPs. Hence, cooperative effects between the conducting polymer chains and the metallic particles must dominate the emission behavior of these materials. Transmission electron microscopy reveals the existence of metal nanoparticle aggregates with sizes in the 2-3 nm range dispersed in the polymer matrix. By implementing an experimental planning, we have been able to change the preparation parameters so as to vary in a controlled manner the intensity and the profile of the luminescence spectrum as well as the size and aggregation characteristics of the colloidal particles. We also show that when the pH of the medium is varied, the dielectric properties (such as the degree of conductivity) of the PANI/AuNPs colloidal solutions and the intensity of their luminescence change in a consistent manner. Due to the polycation nature of the doped PANI chains, we suggest that these composites may find interesting applications as fluorescent markers of biologic molecules.

  11. Visible luminescence in polyaniline/(gold nanoparticle) composites (United States)

    Santos, Renata F. S.; Andrade, Cesar A. S.; dos Santos, Clecio G.; de Melo, Celso P.


    We describe the use of solution chemistry methods to prepare polyaniline/(gold nanoparticles)—PANI/AuNPs—composites as colloidal particles that exhibit an intense green fluorescence after excitation in the ultraviolet region. Measurements of the relative fluorescence quantum yield indicate that the intensity of the observed luminescence of these nanocomposites is a few orders of magnitude higher than the corresponding fluorescence of either the isolated polymer or the pure AuNPs. Hence, cooperative effects between the conducting polymer chains and the metallic particles must dominate the emission behavior of these materials. Transmission electron microscopy reveals the existence of metal nanoparticle aggregates with sizes in the 2-3 nm range dispersed in the polymer matrix. By implementing an experimental planning, we have been able to change the preparation parameters so as to vary in a controlled manner the intensity and the profile of the luminescence spectrum as well as the size and aggregation characteristics of the colloidal particles. We also show that when the pH of the medium is varied, the dielectric properties (such as the degree of conductivity) of the PANI/AuNPs colloidal solutions and the intensity of their luminescence change in a consistent manner. Due to the polycation nature of the doped PANI chains, we suggest that these composites may find interesting applications as fluorescent markers of biologic molecules.

  12. Luminescent nanoparticles and their applications in the life sciences. (United States)

    Sreenivasan, Varun K A; Zvyagin, Andrei V; Goldys, Ewa M


    Nanoparticles have recently emerged as an important group of materials used in numerous disciplines within the life sciences, ranging from basic biophysical research to clinical therapeutics. Luminescent nanoparticles make excellent optical bioprobes significantly extending the capabilities of alternative fluorophores such as organic dyes and genetically engineered fluorescent proteins. Their advantages include excellent photostability, tunable and narrow spectra, controllable size, resilience to environmental conditions such as pH and temperature, combined with a large surface for anchoring targeting biomolecules. Some types of nanoparticles provide enhanced detection contrast due to their long emission lifetime and/or luminescence wavelength blue-shift (anti-Stokes) due to energy upconversion. This topical review focuses on four key types of luminescent nanoparticles whose emission is governed by different photophysics. We discuss the origin and characteristics of optical absorption and emission in these nanoparticles and give a brief account of synthesis and surface modification procedures. We also introduce some of their applications with opportunities for further development, which could be appreciated by the physics-trained readership.

  13. Direct Observation of Luminescent Silver Clusters Confined in Faujasite Zeolites. (United States)

    Altantzis, Thomas; Coutino-Gonzalez, Eduardo; Baekelant, Wouter; Martinez, Gerardo T; Abakumov, Artem M; Tendeloo, Gustaaf Van; Roeffaers, Maarten B J; Bals, Sara; Hofkens, Johan


    One of the ultimate goals in the study of metal clusters is the correlation between the atomic-scale organization and their physicochemical properties. However, direct observation of the atomic organization of such minuscule metal clusters is heavily hindered by radiation damage imposed by the different characterization techniques. We present direct evidence of the structural arrangement, at an atomic level, of luminescent silver species stabilized in faujasite (FAU) zeolites using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy. Two different silver clusters were identified in Ag-FAU zeolites, a trinuclear silver species associated with green emission and a tetranuclear silver species related to yellow emission. By combining direct imaging with complementary information obtained from X-ray powder diffraction and Rietveld analysis, we were able to elucidate the main differences at an atomic scale between luminescent (heat-treated) and nonluminescent (cation-exchanged) Ag-FAU zeolites. It is expected that such insights will trigger the directed synthesis of functional metal nanocluster-zeolite composites with tailored luminescent properties.

  14. Two porous luminescent metal-organic frameworks: quantifiable evaluation of dynamic and static luminescent sensing mechanisms towards Fe(3.). (United States)

    Jin, Jun-Cheng; Pang, Ling-Yan; Yang, Guo-Ping; Hou, Lei; Wang, Yao-Yu


    Two novel porous luminescent metal-organic frameworks (MOFs, 1 and 2) have been constructed using 3,4-di(3,5-dicarboxyphenyl)phthalic acid using a hydrothermal method. Both MOFs can work as highly sensitive sensors to Fe(3+) by luminescent quenching. Analyses of the structures indicate a higher quenching efficiency of 2 because of the existence of active -COOH groups. Based on this consideration, the quenching mechanisms are studied and the processes are controlled by multiple mechanisms in which dynamic and static mechanisms of MOFs are discussed. Besides, the corresponding dynamic and static quenching constants are calculated, achieving the quantification evaluation of the quenching process. As expected, experimental data show that compound 2 possesses an overall quenching efficiency 6.9 times that of compound 1. Additionally, time-dependent intensity measurements, the shifts of the excitation spectrum and the appearance of a new emission peak all give visual proofs of the distinct mechanisms between the two MOFs.

  15. Validating Luminescence Dating for the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna Delta (United States)

    Chamberlain, E. L.; Wallinga, J.; Reimann, T.; Goodbred, S. L., Jr.; Steckler, M. S.; Shen, Z.; Sincavage, R.


    The Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna Delta (GBMD), Bangladesh, is one of many major world deltas positioned for crises associated with 21st century sea level rise including increasingly recurrent and severe flooding from multiple sources, and strain on infrastructure and livelihoods. Yet, the GBMD is unique from other deltas in that it has a wealth of fluvial sediment associated with rapid Himalaya erosion. The combination of a 1 billion tons/yr sediment flux and a relative lack of hard infrastructure, which could otherwise impede nature-based engineering, suggests that it is possible for the delta to adapt to changing base level. Successful management of the GBMD for the 21st century and beyond must utilize natural processes active in the delta to accomodate and protect its 150 million inhabitants. Establishing chronology methods for the GBMD is necessary for quantitative understanding of these geologic processes. However, dating in this delta is difficult: the GBMD has low organic preservation (i.e., low potential for radiocarbon dating) and previous studies suggest that Himalayan sands have poor luminescence properties (i.e., hampering use of luminescence dating). Here, we present the first delta-wide assessment of GBMD sediment suitability for luminescence dating, considering grain size, mineralogy, and provenance, and using samples with constrained depositional ages to validate the measurement approach. For 14 samples representing a range of sediments deposited in the last centuries (0-400 years), we find that sand-sized quartz has poor luminescence sensitivity across the delta with the exception of highly weathered, second-generation sands from the Meghna catchment. In contrast, quartz silt is found to have universally suitable luminescence characteristics including acceptable sensitivity. We show that OSL signals of these silt grains are well reset by light exposure prior to deposition, and that dating up to 24 ka should be possible. Our findings demonstrate the

  16. Effect of structure, size and copper doping on the luminescence properties of ZnS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamal, Ch. Satya [Crystal Growth and Nanoscience Research Centre, Government College (A), Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh 533 105 (India); Mishra, R.K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Patel, Dinesh K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Casali Center for Applied Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 9190401 (Israel); Rao, K. Ramachandra, E-mail: [Crystal Growth and Nanoscience Research Centre, Government College (A), Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh 533 105 (India); Sudarsan, V., E-mail: [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Vatsa, R.K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)


    Highlights: • Blue and green emission intensity form ZnS is sensitive to crystallographic form. • For ZnS nanoparticles, emission characteristics are not affected by copper doping. • Cu solubility poor in ZnS nanoparticles compared to corresponding bulk. - Abstract: Luminescence properties of wurtzite and cubic forms of bulk ZnS have been investigated in detail and compared with that of ZnS nanoparticles. Blue emission observed in both hexagonal and cubic forms of undoped bulk ZnS is explained based on electron–hole recombination involving electron in conduction band and hole trapped in Zn{sup 2+} vacancies where as green emission arises due to electron hole recombination from Zn{sup 2+} and S{sup 2−} vacancies. Conversion of wurtzite form to cubic form is associated with relative increase in intensity of green emission due to increased defect concentration brought about by high temperature heat treatment. Copper doping in ZnS, initially leads to formation of both Cu{sub Zn} and Cu{sub i} (interstitial copper) centers, and latter to mainly Cu{sub Zn} centers as revealed by variation in relative intensities of blue and green emission from the samples.

  17. Thallium and manganese complexes involved in the luminescence emission of potassium-bearing aluminosilicates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, Miguel A., E-mail: [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid E-28006 (Spain); Garcia-Guinea, Javier, E-mail: [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid E-28006 (Spain); Garrido, Fernando, E-mail: [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid E-28006 (Spain); Townsend, Peter D., E-mail: [School of Science and Technology, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH (United Kingdom); Marco, Jose-Francisco, E-mail: [Instituto de Química-Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Calle Serrano 119, Madrid E-28006 (Spain)


    The luminescence emission at 285 nm in natural K-feldspar has been studied by Russian groups and associated with thallium ions in structural positions of K{sup +} sites as artificially thallium-doped feldspars display the same emission band. Here attention is focussed on spectra of CL emission bands centered near 285 and 560 nm from paragenetic adularia, moscovite and quartz micro-inclusions. With accesorial thallium they show clear resemblances to each other. Associated sedimentary and hydrothermal aluminosilicate samples collected from Guadalix (Madrid, Spain) were analyzed with a wide range of experimental techniques including Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) with an attached X-Ray Energy-Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS) and a cathodoluminescence probe (CL) and Electron Probe Microanalysis (EPMA), X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (XRF), Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), Differential and Thermogravimetric Analyses (DTA-TG), radioluminescence (RL), Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectrometry (XPS). The luminescence emission bands at 285 and 560 nm seem to be associated with hydrous thallium–manganese complexes bonded to potassium-bearing aluminosilicates since various minerals such as K-feldspar, moscovite and quartz micro-inclusions display similar CL spectra, accesorial thallium and hydroxyl groups. The presence of iron introduces a brown color which is attributed to submicroscopic iron oxides detectable in the optical and chemical microanalysis, but this does not contribute to the luminescence emission. The XPS Mn 2p spectrum of the adularia sample at room temperature is composed of a spin–orbit doublet plus clear shake-up satellite structure ∼4 eV above the main photoemision lines and is consistent with Mn{sup 2+} in good agreement with the observed luminescence emission at 560 nm for aluminosilicates produced by a {sup 4}T1({sup 4}G)→{sup 6}A1({sup 6}S) transition in tetrahedrally

  18. Luminescence Dating of Sediments: An Increasingly Diverse Family of Methods and Range of Applications (United States)

    Roberts, H. M.


    In recent years, the term 'luminescence dating' has expanded its meaning such that today it encompasses a range of luminescence dating methods and materials. Whilst the fundamental principles that underlie these different dating methods are essentially the same, namely that the event typically being recorded is the last exposure of the material to light or to heat, the various luminescence dating techniques do differ in their suitability in different situations. Today, in the field of luminescence dating of sediments, there are a number of minerals that can be used for dating (quartz and feldspar being the most commonly used), and for each mineral it is possible to obtain a number of different luminescence signals (some obtained using optical stimulation, and some obtained by heating). These different luminescence signals may build-up and deplete in the natural environment at different rates from each other, and can span quite different time ranges. Additionally, the scale of analysis used in luminescence dating can now be varied (ranging from single sand-sized grains to multiple grains), as can the size range of the materials used for dating (ranging from fine-silt, coarse-silt, and sand-sized grains, through to large clasts and rock surfaces). Having such flexibility in the range of minerals, luminescence signals, grain sizes, and the scales of analysis available for dating, means that it is now possible to optimise the materials and methods selected for dating in any particular study in response to the precise scientific question to be addressed, the time-range of interest, and the likely mechanisms of re-setting of the luminescence signal in the context that is to be dated. In this paper, the flexibility offered by the growing family of luminescence techniques will be outlined by considering some of the different minerals, luminescence signals, and dramatically different timescales (tens of years to millions of years) potentially available for sediment dating

  19. Study Of Multicomponent Fluoro-phosphate Based Glasses: Ho3+ As A Luminescence Center


    Babu; Seshadri, S; M.; Balakrishna; Prasad, A; V. Reddy; Ratnakaram; {Joshi} Y.~C.


    The multicomponent 49.5P(2)O(5)-10AlF(3)-10BaF(2)-10SrF(2)-10PbO-10M (M=Li2O, Na2O, K2O, ZnO and Bi2O3) glasses doped with 0.5 mol% holmium were prepared by melt quenching technique. Their thermal behavior was examined from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is found that bismuth fluorophosphate glass matrix has good thermal stability. Their structures were characterized by the X-ray diffraction with SEM analysis, fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy and magic angle ...

  20. Joint effect of ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic cations for adjusting room temperature ferromagnetism of highly luminescent CuNiInS quaternary nanocrystals. (United States)

    Shen, Jin; Wang, Chunlei; Xu, Shuhong; Lv, Changgui; Zhang, Ruohu; Cui, Yiping


    In this work, highly luminescent quaternary CuNiInS nanocrystals (NCs) are put forward as a good prototype for investigating defect-induced room temperature ferromagnetism. A ferromagnetic Ni cation can preserve the strong luminescence of NCs without introducing intermediate energy levels in the center of the forbidden band. The strong luminescence of NCs is used as an indicator for monitoring the concentration of vacancy defects inside them, facilitating the investigation of the origin of room temperature ferromagnetism in CuNiInS NCs. Our results reveal that the patching of Cu vacancies [Formula: see text] with Ni will result in bound magnetic polarons composed of both [Formula: see text] and a substitution of Cu by Ni [Formula: see text] giving rise to the room temperature ferromagnetism of CuNiInS NCs. Either the ferromagnetic Ni or the non-ferromagnetic Cu cation can tune the magnetism of CuNiInS NCs because of the change of bound magnetic polaron concentration at the altered concentration ratio of [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text].

  1. Synthesis and luminescence properties of ZnAl2O4:RE3+ (RE = Eu, Sm) phosphors (United States)

    Lee, Seung Jin; Cho, Shinho


    ZnAl2O4:RE3+ (RE = Eu or Sm) phosphor powders were synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions by using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The effects of the concentration of activator ions on the structural, morphological, and luminescent properties of zinc aluminate phosphors were investigated. The X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the phosphors synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions showed mixed phases of ZnAl2O4, ZnO, and Al2O3. The crystallite size was estimated using the Scherrer formula, and the maximum size was obtained for 0.20 mol of Eu3+ions. The emission spectra of of Eu3+-doped ZnAl2O4 phosphors under excitation at 303 nm exhibited one intense green band at approximately 520 nm and three weak bands centered at 590, 621, and 701 nm, respectively. The intensity of all the emission bands reached a maximum for 0.05 mol of Eu3+ ions. For the Sm3+-doped ZnAl2O4 phosphors, a broad emission band peak at 526 nm and several weak lines in the range 470-700 nm were observed. The results suggest that the luminescent intensity of the phosphors can be enhanced by controlling the amount of activator ions incorporated into the host lattice.

  2. The effect of silver on the optical, spectral-luminescent, and crystallization properties of bromide photo-thermo-refractive glasses (United States)

    Oreshkina, K. V.; Dubrovin, V. D.; Ignat'ev, A. I.; Nikonorov, N. V.


    The effect of silver on the optical, spectral-luminescent, and crystallization properties of bromide photo-thermo-refractive glasses is studied. Multicomponent photosensitive glasses of the Na2O-ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 system with photosensitizing agents (cerium, antimony, silver) and halogenides (fluorine and bromine) are synthesized. Ultraviolet irradiation and thermal treatment below the glass-transition temperature of the glasses cause the formation of silver molecular clusters, which exhibit luminescence in the visible and infrared regions. UV irradiation and thermal treatment of glasses above the glass-transition temperature lead to the growth of silver nanoparticles with plasmon resonance peak in the region of 420 nm. Further thermal treatment of glasses above the glass-transition temperature shifts the plasmon-resonance maximum by 70 nm to longer wavelengths, which is related to the growth of a crystalline shell consisting of mixed silver and sodium bromides on nanoparticles. This formation of a crystalline phase on colloidal centers results in a local increase in the refractive index of the irradiated region by +Δ n 900 ppm compared to the nonirradiated region. Photo-thermo-refractive glasses with increased silver concentration are promising photosensitive materials for creating holographic optical elements and devices for line narrowing and stabilizing filters, spectral beam combiners, and filters for increasing the spectral brightness of laser diodes. A positive change in the refractive index of Photo-thermo-refractive glasses provides the possibility of recording in them 3D waveguide and integrated-optical structures.

  3. High coating of Ru(II) complexes on gold nanoparticles for single particle luminescence imaging in cells. (United States)

    Rogers, Nicola J; Claire, Sunil; Harris, Robert M; Farabi, Shiva; Zikeli, Gerald; Styles, Iain B; Hodges, Nikolas J; Pikramenou, Zoe


    Gold nanoparticles are efficiently labelled with a luminescent ruthenium complex, producing 13 and 100 nm diameter, monodisperse red-emissive imaging probes with luminescence lifetimes prolonged over the molecular unit. Single, 100 nm particles are observed in whole cell luminescence imaging which reveals their biomolecular association with chromatin in the nucleus of cancer cells.

  4. Phosphorescence quantum yield determination with time-gated fluorimeter and Tb(III)-acetylacetonate as luminescence reference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penzkofer, A., E-mail: [Fakultät für Physik, Universität Regensburg, Universitätsstrasse 31, D-93053 Regensburg (Germany)


    Highlights: ► Procedure for absolute phosphorescence quantum yield measurement is described. ► Experimental setup for absolute luminescence quantum yield standard calibration. ► Tb(acac){sub 3} proposed as phosphorescence quantum yield reference standard. ► Luminescence quantum yield of Tb(acac){sub 3} in cyclohexane measured. ► Luminescence lifetime of Tb(acac){sub 3} in cyclohexane measured. - Abstract: Phosphorescence quantum yield measurements of fluorescent and phosphorescent samples require the use of time-gated fluorimeters in order to discriminate against the fluorescence contribution. As reference standard a non-fluorescent luminescent compound is needed for absolute phosphorescence quantum yield determination. For this purpose the luminescence behavior of the rare earth chelate terbium(III)-acetylacetonate (Tb(acac){sub 3}) was studied (determination of luminescence quantum yield and luminescence lifetime). The luminescence quantum yield of Tb(acac){sub 3} was determined by using an external light source and operating the fluorimeter in chemo/bioluminescence mode with a fluorescent dye (rhodamine 6G in methanol) as reference standard. A procedure is developed for absolute luminescence (phosphorescence) quantum yield determination of samples under investigation with a time-gated fluorimeter using a non-fluorescent luminescent compound of known luminescence quantum yield and luminescence lifetime.

  5. Infrared stimulated luminescence dating of an Eemian (MIS 5e) site in Denmark using K-feldspar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buylaert, Jan-Pieter; Huot, Sebastian; Murray, Andrew S.


    Infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) dating of K-feldspars may be an alternative to quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating when the quartz OSL signal is too close to saturation or when the quartz luminescence characteristics are unsuitable. In this paper, Eemian (MIS 5e) coastal...

  6. Luminescence of water or ice as a new detection method for magnetic monopoles (United States)

    Pollmann, Anna Obertacke


    Cosmic ray detectors use air as a radiator for luminescence. In water and ice, Cherenkov light is the dominant light producing mechanism when the particle's velocity exceeds the Cherenkov threshold, approximately three quarters of the speed of light in vacuum. Luminescence is produced by highly ionizing particles passing through matter due to the electronic excitation of the surrounding molecules. The observables of luminescence, such as the wavelength spectrum and decay times, are highly dependent on the properties of the medium, in particular, temperature and purity. The results for the light yield of luminescence of previous measurements vary by two orders of magnitude. It will be shown that even for the lowest measured light yield, luminescence is an important signature of highly ionizing particles below the Cherenkov threshold. These could be magnetic monopoles or other massive and highly ionizing exotic particles. With the highest observed efficiencies, luminescence may even contribute significantly to the light output of standard model particles such as the PeV IceCube neutrinos. We present analysis techniques to use luminescence in neutrino telescopes and discuss experimental setups to measure the light yield of luminescence for the particular conditions in neutrino detectors.

  7. Luminescence of Ce doped oxygen crystalline compounds based on Hf and Ba

    CERN Document Server

    Borisevich, A E; Lecoq, P


    The luminescence properties of the Ce-doped hafnium and barium compounds have been investigated to determine their potential as heavy scintillation materials. Compounds have been prepared by solid state synthesis. All of them have shown a bright luminescence attributed to trivalent cerium. Emission bands are peaked in the 425-475nm spectral region at room temperature.

  8. Luminescence of Eu3+ rare-earth ions in Lu2O3 nanospheres (United States)

    Zaitsev, S. V.; Gruzintsev, A. N.; Yermolayeva, Yu. V.; Matveevskaya, N. A.; Zverkova, I. I.; Emelchenko, G. A.; Tolmachev, A. V.


    The kinetics of luminescence of Eu3+ ions in Lu2O3:Eu nanospheres with diameters of 100-270 nm and a small standard deviation of the size distribution mode accelerating spontaneous luminescence, which is confirmed by the calculation of ranges of existence of whispering-gallery modes in studied nanospheres.

  9. Spectral luminescence and geochemistry of coral aragonite: Effects of whole-core treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagtegaal, R.; Grove, C.A.; Kasper, S.; Zinke, J.; Brummer, G.J.A.


    Luminescent and geochemical properties of coral skeletons are increasingly used for time-series analysis to resolve past and ongoing changes in environmental and climatic conditions. Corals also contain non-skeletal matter which not only quenches luminescence but is also reported to compromise

  10. Highly Luminescent Carbon-​Nanoparticle-​Based Materials: Factors Influencing Photoluminescence Quantum Yield

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qu, S.; Shen, D.; Liu, X.; Jing, P.; Zhang, L.; Ji, W.; Zhao, H.; Fan, X.; Zhang, H.


    Unravelling the factors influencing photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield of the carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) is the prerequisite for prepg. highly luminescent CNP-​based materials. In this work, an easy and effective method is reported for prepg. highly luminescent CNP-​based materials. Water-​sol.

  11. Luminescent lanthanide metal-organic frameworks with a large SHG response. (United States)

    Dang, Song; Zhang, Jian-Han; Sun, Zhong-Ming; Zhang, Hongjie


    A family of new luminescent lanthanide MOFs have been synthesized and display a strong second-harmonic generation response, which is 6.0 times that of KDP and phase matchable. The LnMOFs also exhibit typical luminescence emissions with high quantum yields (up to 70.0% for Tb).

  12. Red luminescence from hydrothermally synthesized Eu-doped ZnO ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Photoluminescence studies show that these nanoparticles exhibit a sharp red luminescence due to the intra-4 transitions of Eu3+ ions at an excitation of 397 nm and 466 nm. Luminescence quenching is observed in the nanoparticles as the Eu-dopant concentration increases. Incorporation of Eu in the nanoparticles was ...

  13. Review of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) instrumental developments for retrospective dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtter-Jensen, Lars; Thomsen, Kristina Jørkov; Jain, Mayank


    This review describes 40 years of experience gained at Risø National Laboratory in the development of facilities for irradiation, thermal/optical stimulation and luminescence signal detection. These facilities have mainly been used in luminescence dating and nuclear accident dosimetry. We focus...

  14. Interactions between bicarbonate, potassium, and magnesium, and sulfur-dependent induction of luminescence in Vibrio fischeri. (United States)

    Tabei, Yosuke; Era, Mariko; Ogawa, Akane; Morita, Hiroshi


    In spite of its central importance in research efforts, the relationship between seawater compounds and bacterial luminescence has not previously been investigated in detail. Thus, in this study, we investigated the effect of cations (Na(+) , K(+) , NH(4) (+) , Mg(2+) , and Ca(2+) ) and anions (Cl(-) , HCO(3) (-) , CO(3) (2-) , and NO(3) (-) ) on the induction of both inorganic (sulfate, sulfite, and thiosulfate) and organic (L-cysteine and L-cystine) sulfur-dependent luminescence in Vibrio fischeri. We found that HCO(3) (-) (bicarbonate) and CO(3) (2-) (carbonate), in the form of various compounds, had a stimulatory effect on sulfur-dependent luminescence. The luminescence induced by bicarbonate was further promoted by the addition of magnesium. Potassium also increased sulfur-dependent luminescence when sulfate or thiosulfate was supplied as the sole sulfur source, but not when sulfite, L-cysteine, or L-cystine was supplied. The positive effect of potassium was accelerated by the addition of magnesium and/or calcium. Furthermore, the additional supply of magnesium improved the induction of sulfite- or L-cysteine-dependent luminescence, but not the l-cystine-dependent type. These results suggest that sulfur-dependent luminescence of V. fischeri under nutrient-starved conditions is mainly controlled by bicarbonate, carbonate, and potassium. In addition, our results indicate that an additional supply of magnesium is effective for increasing V. fischeri luminescence. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Tackling self-absorption in Luminescent Solar Concentrators with type-II colloidal quantum dots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krumer, Z.; Pera, S.J.; Dijk-Moes, R.J.A. van; Zhao, Y.; Brouwer, A.F.P. de; Groeneveld, E.; Sark, W.G.J.H.M. van; Schropp, R.E.I.; Mello-Donega, C. de


    Luminescent solar concentrators are low cost photovoltaic devices, which reduce the amount of necessary semiconductor material per unit area of a solar collector by means of concentration. The device is comprised a thin plastic plate in which luminescent species (fluorophores) have been

  16. Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG:Ce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bachmann, V.M.; Ronda, R.C.; Meijerink, A.


    Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) doped with Ce3+ is the phosphor of choice for the conversion of blue to yellow light in the rapidly expanding market of white light LEDs, but it is generally thought to suffer from a low luminescence quenching temperature. The luminescence quenching temperature is an

  17. The real role of active-shell in enhancing the luminescence of lanthanides doped nanomaterials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, F.; Liu, X.; Kong, X.; Zhang, Y.; Tu, L.; Liu, K.; Song, S.; Zhang, H.


    Although it is widely recognized that doping sensitizers in the shell can improve significantly the luminescence of lanthanides doped nanocrystals, lack of an unambiguous picture of relevant luminescence enhancement mechanism seriously hinders the optimization of this approach. In this work, the

  18. Pottery versus sediment: Optically stimulated luminescence dating of the Neolithic Vinča culture, Serbia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bate, Stephen; Stevens, Thomas; Buylaert, Jan-Pieter


    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating was applied to the Neolithic Vinča culture's type-site, Vinča Belo-Brdo, to establish best protocols for routine luminescence dating of similar Holocene sites, critical in understanding Neolithic to Chalcolithic cultural development. Equivalent dose ...

  19. Spectral analysis in microscopy : a study of FRET and single quantum dot luminescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frederix, Patrick Louis Theodorus Martin


    This thesis deals with the development of new techniques and luminescent markers, to improve the quality of luminescence studies in microscopy. A sensitive spectrograph that can be used for spectrally resolved emission spectroscopy in the microscope is described, including design considerations,

  20. Lanthanide luminescence quenching as a detection method in ion chromatography. Chromate in surface and drinking water

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SCHREURS, M; Somsen, G. W.; Gooijer, C.; Velthorst, N. H.; Frei, R W


    Dynamic quenching of Eu(IIl) and TB(III) luminescence by inorganic anions as a detection method in ion chromatography was investigated. To obtain a high luminescence intensity lanthanide(III) complexes are formed with ligands which make indirect excitation of the ions possible. Only a few anions

  1. A luminescent nanocrystal marker for the selective and ultrasensitive detection of explosives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarkar, Shyam; Grana Suarez, Laura; Verboom, Willem; Mahalingam, V.; Huskens, Jurriaan


    We developed a luminescent probe for the selective and sensitive detection of an explosive, i.e., picric acid (PA), based on the luminescence quenching of CeIII and TbIII co-doped Sr2GdF7 nanocrystals. A new colloidal synthesis route at low temperature (80 °C) was developed to synthesize the

  2. A cooperation of two pigment systems and respiration in photosynthetic luminescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goedheer, J.C.


    Luminescence kinetics of photosynthesizing cells were investigated. This was done by measuring afterglow as a function of intensity and wavelength of actinic light as well as of temperature. In order to explain the chromatic transients, induction effects, and various other aspects of luminescence,

  3. Influence of crystalline structure on the luminescence properties of terbium orthotantalates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siqueira, Kisla P.F. [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, ICEB II, Ouro Preto 35400-000, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Carmo, Alexandre P. [Instituto Federal Fluminense, Campus Cabo Frio, RJ 28909-971 (Brazil); Bell, Maria J.V. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora 36036-330, MG (Brazil); Dias, Anderson, E-mail: [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, ICEB II, Ouro Preto 35400-000, Minas Gerais (Brazil)


    Terbium orthotantalate powders were produced with M-fergusonite type (I2/a) and M′-fergusonite type (P2/a) structures. The samples were studied by X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering, and photoluminescence measurements (emission and decay curves). The results showed that crystalline materials were obtained with all the 18 Raman-active modes predicted by group theory calculations. Also, it was observed through photoluminescence decay curves that the Tb{sup 3+} ions occupies only one-symmetry site in both crystallographic arrangements. Photoluminescence emission curves exhibited some variation in spectral shape, peak position, and relative intensity as a consequence of their different crystalline arrangements. The dominated emission of Tb{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5}) is centered with a maximum intensity at 549.2 nm (M-type) and 543.0 nm (M′-type). Fluorescence lifetimes for M-TbTaO{sub 4} and M′-TbTaO{sub 4} were determined as 33.4 μs and 1.25 ms, respectively. M′-type materials seems to be the most suitable for luminescent devices and could be a potential green luminescent material due to the strongest emission if compared with the M-fergusonite type. -- Highlights: ► Terbium orthotantalates were prepared in two different crystalline structures: I2/a and P2/a. ► XRD and Raman scattering showed that the different space groups obtained were exhibited all the 18 Raman-active modes. ► PL decay curves that the Tb{sup 3+} ions occupies only one-symmetry site in both crystallographic arrangements. ► Dominated emission of Tb{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5}) is centered with a maximum intensity at 549 nm (M-type) and 543 nm (M′-type). ► Fluorescence lifetimes for M-TbTaO{sub 4} and M′-TbTaO{sub 4} were determined as 33.4 μs and 1.25 ms, respectively.

  4. Luminescent copper(ı) (pseudo)halide complexes with neocuproine and a novel bulky tris (aminomethyl) phosphine derived from 2-piperazinopyridine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starosta, Radosław, E-mail:; Komarnicka, Urszula K.; Puchalska, Małgorzata


    A novel bulky phosphine derived from 2-piperazinopyridine P(CH{sub 2}N(CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}){sub 2}N-2-py){sub 3} (1) and its chalcogenide derivatives (oxide, sulfide and selenide) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Next, two new copper(I) iodide or isothiocyanate complexes with 1 and 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dmp): [CuI(dmp)(1)] (1I) and [CuNCS(dmp)(1)] (1T), have been also synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and studied by NMR, UV–vis, IR and luminescence spectroscopies. The X-ray structure of the complex 1T·1.81(CH{sub 3}COCH{sub 3}) was determined. The coordination geometry around the Cu(I) center is pseudo-tetrahedral with distortions resulting mostly from the molecular packing in the crystal cell. Both complexes exhibit orange photoluminescence in the solid state, which is much stronger for 1I than for 1T. The luminescence spectra of both complexes at room and 77 K temperatures show relatively large bands with a typical batochromic shift accompanying the lowering of the temperature. On the basis of TDDFT calculations we interpreted these bands as of (MX,MPR{sub 3})LCT type resulting mainly from the transitions from the copper–iodine (or isothiocyanate) bonds and a small admixture of copper–phosphine bonds to antibonding orbitals of dmp diimine. Highlights: • A novel tris(aminomethyl)phosphine is obtained from 2-piperazinopyridine • Two new CuI and CuNCS complexes with dmp and a novel phosphine are presented. • An X-ray structure of one of the complexes is characterized. • Solid-state UV–vis and luminescence spectra of the complexes are discussed. • Main absorbance and luminescence bands are of (MX,MPR{sub 3})LCT type.

  5. Development of a luminescence planetary surface dating instrument (United States)

    Jain, M.; Lapp, T.; Andersen, M. T.; Hannemann, S.; Murray, A. S.; Duller, G. A. T.; Merrrisen, J.


    Luminescence dating (LD) is uniquely positioned for absolute, in-situ, dating of recent (global sand and dust movements and redistribution of volatiles (H2O and CO2). This understanding is critical for any manned mission to Mars and for our understanding of the planetary surface evolution. Despite this potential, the technology transfer from terrestrial to in-situ Martian dating is not trivial. Here we first provide a brief overview of the scientific issues involved in luminescence dating on Mars (e.g. dosimetric characteristics of Martian materials and modelling of cosmic-ray dose rate) and then the technical constraints on an instrument design appropriate for remotely-programmable mobile use on the Martian surface. The challenge is to develop a miniaturised portable luminescence reader that is as sensitive as a laboratory-based instrument and at the same time has sufficient flexibility for fully automated performance. Such an instrument could provide stratigraphic ages if deployed on a rover with a sub-surface drilling capability, or provide a survey of surface chronologies over extensive areas. To this end we have designed and manufactured an 'elegant breadboard' Planetary Surface Dating Instrument (PSDI) in a project supported by ESA. The PSDI is light weight and compact (~1 kg, ~1.4 litres) and has 3 different reloadable sample positions which can be rotated to sit under 3 different optical subunits or an x-ray irradiator. The optical subunits consists of three different detection channels (one red and two UV/blue) each based on a miniature photomultiplier tube, and three types of laser light stimulation sources (two 915 nm, one 530 nm and one 405 nm) that can be operated in continuous-wave or pulsed mode. The samples can be heated using an innovative heating concept where the sample disc (aluminium) absorbs energy from an IR laser below and a thermopile detector ensures the temperature control. The samples can thus be heated in a controlled manner to ~300

  6. Nanoscale coordination polymers exhibiting luminescence properties and NMR relaxivity (United States)

    Chelebaeva, Elena; Larionova, Joulia; Guari, Yannick; Ferreira, Rute A. S.; Carlos, Luis D.; Trifonov, Alexander A.; Kalaivani, Thangavel; Lascialfari, Alessandro; Guérin, Christian; Molvinger, Karine; Datas, Lucien; Maynadier, Marie; Gary-Bobo, Magali; Garcia, Marcel


    This article presents the first example of ultra-small (3-4 nm) magneto-luminescent cyano-bridged coordination polymer nanoparticles Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- (Ln = Eu (x = 0.34), Tb (x = 0.35)) enwrapped by a natural biocompatible polymer chitosan. The aqueous colloidal solutions of these nanoparticles present a luminescence characteristic of the corresponding lanthanides (5D0 --> 7F0-4 (Eu3+) or the 5D4 --> 7F6-2 (Tb3+)) under UV excitation and a green luminescence of the chitosan shell under excitation in the visible region. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) efficiency, i.e. the nuclear relaxivity, measurements performed for Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- nanoparticles show r1p and r2p relaxivities slightly higher than or comparable to the ones of the commercial paramagnetic compounds Gd-DTPA® or Omniscan® indicating that our samples may potentially be considered as a positive contrast agent for MRI. The in vitro studies performed on these nanoparticles show that they maybe internalized into human cancer and normal cells and well detected by fluorescence at the single cell level. They present high stability even at low pH and lack of cytotoxicity both in human cancer and normal cells.This article presents the first example of ultra-small (3-4 nm) magneto-luminescent cyano-bridged coordination polymer nanoparticles Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- (Ln = Eu (x = 0.34), Tb (x = 0.35)) enwrapped by a natural biocompatible polymer chitosan. The aqueous colloidal solutions of these nanoparticles present a luminescence characteristic of the corresponding lanthanides (5D0 --> 7F0-4 (Eu3+) or the 5D4 --> 7F6-2 (Tb3+)) under UV excitation and a green luminescence of the chitosan shell under excitation in the visible region. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) efficiency, i.e. the nuclear relaxivity, measurements performed for Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- nanoparticles show r1p and r2p relaxivities slightly higher than or comparable to the ones of the commercial paramagnetic compounds Gd

  7. Guide to luminescence dating techniques and their application for paleoseismic research (United States)

    Gray, Harrison J.; Mahan, Shannon; Rittenour, Tammy M.; Nelson, Michelle Summa; Lund, William R.


    Over the past 25 years, luminescence dating has become a key tool for dating sediments of interest in paleoseismic research. The data obtained from luminescence dating has been used to determine timing of fault displacement, calculate slip rates, and estimate earthquake recurrence intervals. The flexibility of luminescence is a key complement to other chronometers such as radiocarbon or cosmogenic nuclides. Careful sampling and correct selection of sample sites exert two of the strongest controls on obtaining an accurate luminescence age. Factors such as partial bleaching and post-depositional mixing should be avoided during sampling and special measures may be needed to help correct for associated problems. Like all geochronologic techniques, context is necessary for interpreting and calculating luminescence results and this can be achieved by supplying participating labs with associated trench logs, photos, and stratigraphic locations of sample sites.

  8. Novel Mechano-Luminescent Sensors Based on Piezoelectric/Electroluminescent Composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunzhang Fang


    Full Text Available A high-sensitivity mechano-luminescent sensor was fabricated on the basis of piezoelectric/electroluminescent composites. The working principle of this mechano-luminescent sensor was elucidated by analyzing the relationship between the piezoelectric-induced charges and the electroluminescent effects. When a stress is applied on the piezoelectric layer, electrical charges will be induced at both the top and bottom sides of the piezoelectric layer. The induced electrical charges will lead to a light output from the electroluminescent layer, thus producing a mechano-luminescence effect. By increasing the vibration strength or frequency applied, the mechano-luminescence output can be obviously enhanced. Mechano-luminescence sensors have potential in smart stress-to-light devices, such as foot-stress-distribution-diagnosis systems and dynamic-load-monitors for bridge hanging cables.

  9. Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles with Persistent Near-Infrared Luminescence for In Vivo Optical Imaging. (United States)

    Palner, Mikael; Pu, Kanyi; Shao, Shirley; Rao, Jianghong


    Materials with persistent luminescence are attractive for in vivo optical imaging since they have a long lifetime that allows the separation of excitation of fluorophores and image acquisition for time-delay imaging, thus eliminating tissue autofluorescence associated with fluorescence imaging. Persistently luminescent nanoparticles have previously been fabricated from toxic rare-earth metals. This work reports that nanoparticles made of the conjugated polymer MEH-PPV can generate luminescence persisting for an hour upon single excitation. A near-infrared dye was encapsulated in the conjugated polymer nanoparticle to successfully generate persistent near-infrared luminescence through resonance energy transfer. This new persistent luminescence nanoparticles have been demonstrated for optical imaging applications in living mice. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Optimising the separation of quartz and feldspar optically stimulated luminescence using pulsed excitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ankjærgaard, Christina; Jain, Mayank; Thomsen, Kristina Jørkov


    In luminescence dating, the two most commonly used natural minerals, quartz and feldspar, are exposed to different dose rates in the natural environment, and so record different doses. The luminescence signals also have different stabilities. For accurate dosimetry, the signals from these two...... minerals must be separated, either by physical separation of the mineral grains, or by instrumental separation of the luminescence signals. The luminescence signals from quartz and feldspar have different luminescence lifetimes under pulsed optical stimulation. This difference in lifetime can be used...... OSL intensity ratio is at a maximum. By using these parameters with an additional infrared (IR) stimulation at 175 °C before measurement (to further reduce the feldspar signal intensity), we obtain a factor of 25 enhancement in signal separation compared to that from a conventional prior-IR CW...

  11. Luminescent zinc metal-organic framework (ZIF-90) for sensing metal ions, anions and small molecules. (United States)

    Liu, Chang; Yan, Bing


    We synthesize a zinc zeolite-type metal-organic framework, the zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-90), which exhibits an intense blue luminescence excited under visible light. Luminescent studies indicate that ZIF-90 could be an efficient multifunctional fluorescence material for high sensitivity metal ions, anions and organic small molecules, especially for Cd(2+), Cu(2+), CrO4(2-) and acetone. The luminescence intensity of ZIF-90 increases with the concentration of Cd(2+) and decreases proportionally with the concentration of Cu(2+), while the same quenched experimental phenomena appear in the sensing of CrO4(2-). With the increase of the amount of acetone, the luminescence intensity decreases gradually in the emulsions of ZIF-90. The mechanism of the sensing properties is studied in detail as well. This study shows that ZIF-90 could be a useful luminescent sensor for metal ions, anions and organic small molecules.

  12. Preparation, characterization, and properties of PMMA-doped polymer film materials: a study on the effect of terbium ions on luminescence and lifetime enhancement. (United States)

    Zhang, Hui-Jie; Fan, Rui-Qing; Wang, Xin-Ming; Wang, Ping; Wang, Yu-Lei; Yang, Yu-Lin


    Poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) doped with Tb-based imidazole derivative coordination polymer {[Tb(3)(L)(μ(3)-OH)(7)]·H(2)O}(n) (1) (L = N,N'-bis(acetoxy)biimidazole) was synthesized and its photophysical properties were studied. The L'(L' = N,N'-bis(ethylacetate)biimidazole) ligand was synthesized by an N-alkylation reaction process followed by ester hydrolysis to produce ligand L. Polymer 1 and ligand L' have been characterized by (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, PXRD and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. Coordination polymer 1 is the first observation of a CdCl(2) structure constructed with hydroxy groups and decorated by ligand L in lanthanide N-heterocyclic coordination polymers. In the 2D layered structure of 1, each Tb3 metal center is connected with three Tb1 and three Tb2 metal centers by seven hydroxyl groups in different directions, resulting in a six-membered ring. After doping, not only the luminescence intensity and lifetime enhanced, but also their thermal stability was increased in comparison with 1. When 1 was doped into poly(methylmethacrylate) (1@PMMA), polymer film materials were formed with the PMMA polymer matrix (w/w = 2.5%-12.5%) acting as a co-sensitizer for Tb(3+) ions. The luminescence intensity of the Tb(3+) emission at 544 nm increases when the content of Tb(3+) was 10%. The lifetime of 1@PMMA (914.88 μs) is more than four times longer than that of 1 (196.24 μs). All τ values for the doped polymer systems are higher than coordination polymer 1, indicating that radiative processes are operative in all the doped polymer films. This is because PMMA coupling with the O-H oscillators from {[Tb(3)(L)(μ(3)-OH)(7)]·H(2)O}(n) can suppress multiphonon relaxation. According to the variable-temperature luminescence (VT-luminescence) investigation, 1@PMMA was confirmed to be a stable green luminescent polymer film material.

  13. Use of luminescent gunshot residues markers in forensic context. (United States)

    Weber, I T; Melo, A J G; Lucena, M A M; Consoli, E F; Rodrigues, M O; de Sá, G F; Maldaner, A O; Talhavini, M; Alves, S


    Chemical evaluation of gunshot residues (GSR) produced by non-toxic lead-free ammunition (NTA) has been a challenge to forensic analyses. Our group developed some luminescent markers specific to the detection of GSR. Here, we evaluated the performance of selected markers in experiments that mimic forensic context and/or routines in which luminescent characteristics would be very useful. We evaluated the influence of markers' addition on the bullet's speed, the rate of shot failure (i.e., when the cartridge case is not fully ejected and/or a new ammunition is not automatically replaced in the gun chamber) as a function of marker percentage, the possibility of collecting luminescent gunshot residue (LGSR) in unconventional locations (e.g. the shooters' nostrils), the LGSR lifetime after hand washing, the transfer of LGSR to objects handled by the shooter, and the dispersion of LGSR at the crime scene and on simulated victims. It was observed that high amounts of marker (10 wt%) cause high rates of failure on pistols, as well as a substantial decrease in bullet speed. However, the use of 2 wt% of marker minimizes these effects and allows LGSR detection, collection and analysis. Moreover, in all conditions tested, markers showed high performance and provided important information for forensic analyses. For instance, the LGSR particles were found on the floor, ranging from 0 to 9.4 m away from the shooter, on the door panel and seats after a car shooting experiment, and were found easily on a pig leg used to simulate a victim. When a selective tagging was done, it was possible to obtain positive or negative correlation between the victim and shooter. Additionally LGSR possesses a fairly long lifetime (9 h) and good resistance to hand washing (up to 16 washes). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Vacancy-impurity centers in diamond: prospects for synthesis and applications (United States)

    Ekimov, E. A.; Kondrin, M. V.


    The bright luminescence of impurity-vacancy complexes, combined with high chemical and radiation resistance, makes diamond an attractive platform for the production of single-photon emitters and luminescent biomarkers for applications in nanoelectronics and medicine. Two representatives of this kind of defects in diamond, silicon-vacancy (SiV) and germanium-vacancy (GeV) centers, are discussed in this review; their similarities and differences are demonstrated in terms of the more thoroughly studied nitrogen-vacancy (NV) complexes. The recent discovery of GeV luminescent centers opens a unique opportunity for the controlled synthesis of single-photon emitters in nanodiamonds. We demonstrate prospects for the high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) technique to create single-photon emitters, not only as an auxiliary to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and ion-implantation methods but also as a primary synthesis tool for producing color centers in nanodiamonds. Besides practical applications, comparative studies of these two complexes, which belong to the same structural class of defects, have a fundamental importance for deeper understanding of shelving levels, the electronic structure, and optical properties of these centers. In conclusion, we discuss several open problems regarding the structure, charge state, and practical application of these centers, which still require a solution.

  15. The photophysics of luminescence in multilayered organic nanofibers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tavares, Luciana; Quochi, Francesco; Simbrunner, Clemens

    Multilayered crystalline nanofibers are exemplary model system for the study of exciton dynamics and lasing in organic materials due to their well-defined morphology, high luminescence efficiencies, and color tunability. The multi-layered nanofibers are composed of alternating layers of two....... The highly efficient exciton diffusion in p6P and energy transfer to 6T in these nanofibers is quantified by time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) studies, where the extracted amplitudes and time constants are used to explain the PL temperature dependence obtained in steady state measurements. This enables us...

  16. Strong luminescence induced by elastic deformation of piezoelectric crystals (United States)

    Chandra, V. K.; Chandra, B. P.; Jha, Piyush


    The luminescence induced by elastic deformation of solids, called the phenomenon of elastico-mechanoluminescence (EML), is observed in several materials. For applied pressure in the range of 17 MPa, certain crystals emit intense EML, which can be seen in day light with naked eye. In the present paper, we explore that, as the piezoelectric constant near the photo-generated electric dipoles formed by trapping of charge carriers in crystals is several times higher as compared to that at normal sites, the piezoelectrically induced detrapping of charge carriers and EML emission may take place for less value of the pressure applied onto the crystals.

  17. Activator-free luminescent nanocontainers for theranostics of cancerous growths (United States)

    Eurov, D. A.; Grudinkin, S. A.; Kurdyukov, D. A.; Medvedev, A. V.; Stovpiaga, E. Yu.; Golubev, V. G.


    Single-stage synthesis has been used to obtain submicrometer monodisperse spherical mesoporous silica particles exhibiting bright wide-band luminescence in the visible spectral range. The particles have a specific surface area of 550 m2/g, pore volume of 0.36 cm3/g, and average pore diameter of 0.3 nm. The synthesis technology provides formation of an active inner surface (surface of mesopores), which will enable binding and retention of medicinal preparations upon their introduction into the particles. The particles are promising for application in theranostics of cancerous growths as nanocontainers simultaneously serving as biomarkers.

  18. PbSe quantum dot based luminescent solar concentrators. (United States)

    Waldron, Dennis L; Preske, Amanda; Zawodny, Joseph M; Krauss, Todd D; Gupta, Mool C


    The results are presented for luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) fabricated with poly(lauryl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (P(LMA-co-EGDMA)) and Angstrom Bond, Inc. AB9093 acrylic epoxy matrix, high quantum yield (> 70%) PbSe quantum dots (QDs) and silicon photovoltaic (Si PV) cells. LSCs were tested under a lamp with broadband illumination, photon flux-matched to a standard solar spectrum and verified under a calibrated solar lamp source. The P(LMA-co-EGDMA) sample demonstrated the highest power conversion efficiency of any known LSC fabricated with either QDs or Si PV cells, 4.74%. Additionally, increased temperature was shown to reduce efficiency.

  19. Simulation of optically-stimulated luminescence of zircon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turkin, A.A. [National Science Center, Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkov (Ukraine); Vainshtein, D.I.; Hartog, H.W. den [University of Groningen (Netherlands)


    Mineral zircon, ZrSiO{sub 4}, belongs to a class of materials that can be used as a chronological tool in geology and archaeology for measurements of the natural radiation dose and the sample age by optical methods. The model of optically stimulated luminescence developed earlier is used to investigate the applicability of the single-aliquot regenerative-dose method (SAR) for dating with zircon. Various implementations of the SAR method are considered and practical recommendations are formulated. (copyright 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  20. Probing Luminescence Dating Of Archaeologically Significant Carved Rock Types (United States)

    Liritzis, Ioannis; Kitis, George; Galloway, Robert B.; Vafiadou, Asimina; Tsirliganis, Nestoras C.; Polymeris, George S.

    The thermoluminescence (TL) and Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dating of crystalline materials, first applied to calcites (limestone buildings), has been extended to carved megalithic monuments made of granites, basalt and sandstones derived from archaeological sites. Various applied criteria for potential dating included pulsed blue light stimulation, different preheating and solar simulator bleaching, while the single (and multiple) aliquot regeneration and additive dose procedures were used for equivalent dose determination. The decay curves of signal loss follow a power law, n-p; for blue stimulation the signal loss of quartz and feldspar is better approached by an exponential law, 1-aln(n).

  1. A study of marine luminescence signatures, part 1 (United States)

    Hornig, A. W.; Eastwood, D.


    Fluorescent excitation and emission spectral data on chlorophyll and Gelbstoff in natural sea waters from the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts show that algae particulates are totally absorbing over much of the near ultraviolet and visible spectra and act approximately as quantum counters; plant pigments absorb energy and transfer a large portion to chlorophyll where some fraction is emitted as chlorophyll fluorescence. Gelbstoff data do not exhibit quantum counter action because of their low concentration. It is concluded that luminescence data of natural sea waters are useful in monitoring algal and Gelbstoff as well as pollutant concentrations.

  2. Luminescent triarylboron-functionalized zinc carboxylate metal-organic framework. (United States)

    Blight, Barry A; Guillet-Nicolas, Rémy; Kleitz, Freddy; Wang, Rui-Yao; Wang, Suning


    A luminescent triarylboron ligand functionalized with three carboxylic groups has been synthesized and fully characterized. Its use in boron-containing metal-organic frameworks (B-MOFs) has been demonstrated by the synthesis and isolation of a Zn(II)B-MOF compound (B-MOF-1). The crystals of B-MOF-1 belong to the cubic space group F432 with 8-fold interpenetrated networks and ∼21% void space. B-MOF-1 exhibits blue fluorescence and is capable of modest gas sorption of N(2), argon, and CO(2).

  3. Eu{sup 3+} luminescence in aluminophosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nico, C., E-mail: [Department of Physics and I3N, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Fernandes, R., E-mail: [Department of Physics and I3N, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Graça, M.P.F., E-mail: [Department of Physics and I3N, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Elisa, M., E-mail: [Department of Optospintronics, National Institute of R and D for Optoelectronics, INOE 2000, 77125 Magurele (Romania); Sava, B.A., E-mail: [Department of Optospintronics, National Institute of R and D for Optoelectronics, INOE 2000, 77125 Magurele (Romania); Monteiro, R.C.C., E-mail: [Department of Materials Science, CENIMAT/I3N, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2825-516 Caparica (Portugal); Rino, L., E-mail: [Department of Physics and I3N, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Monteiro, T., E-mail: [Department of Physics and I3N, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal)


    With a 4f{sup 6} electronic configuration, europium ions in the trivalent charge state are known to be efficient activators in wide band gap matrices. Embedded in the aluminophosphate (Li{sub 2}O–BaO–Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–La{sub 2}O{sub 3}–P{sub 2}O{sub 5}) glasses the optically activated Eu{sup 3+} ions lead to intense room temperature orange/red luminescence with 16–23 Cd/m{sup 2} by using ultraviolet pumping. The as-prepared and heat treated europium doped glasses for temperatures below and above T{sub g} were studied by room temperature Raman spectroscopy, absorption, photoluminescence excitation, temperature dependent and time dependent photoluminescence. When the samples are excited by 325 nm wavelength photons, an enhancement of the red luminescence intensity by ca. one order of magnitude was found to occur for temperatures between 14 K and 350 K, for all the doped glasses. On the other hand, by using resonant excitation on the {sup 5}L{sub 6} Eu{sup 3+} excited state (λ{sub exc}∼390 nm) the ion emission intensity was found to be nearly constant for temperatures up to 500 K. For higher temperatures a steeper decrease of the luminescence intensity occurs due to non-radiative competitive channels described by activation energies of ca. 235 meV and 450 meV by using 325 and 390 nm wavelength photons as excitation, respectively. The lifetime of the {sup 5}D{sub 0} level in these glasses is ca. 2.93 ms. A discussion of the thermal population and de-excitation mechanisms is performed. -- Highlights: • Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}–Li{sub 2}O–BaO–Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–La{sub 2}O{sub 3}–P{sub 2}O{sub 5} glasses were prepared by a wet non-conventional quenching method. • Trivalent Eu were found to be optically activated in all glasses with an intense luminescence at RT. • PL intensity increases from 14 K to RT with indirect excitation, and remains almost constant with direct excitation. • A model that fits the thermal population and quenching mechanisms is

  4. Low-speed pressure measurements using a luminescent coating system (United States)

    Brown, Owen Clayton

    In this work, the history of the development of the Pressure Sensitive Paint (PSP) technique in both the United States and Russia is first discussed in detail. A review of the various PSP tests conducted to date is given. A thorough discussion of the physics and chemistry of luminescent coatings is provided. The processes of converting intensity signals in digital data values are described; image processing procedures used to remove noise sources and convert intensity data into pressure measurements are reviewed. A general uncertainty analysis of the technique is then conducted. A baseline series of low-speed tests at M NASCAR racing model at various drafting orientations.

  5. Time-resolved luminescence from feldspars: New insight into fading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsukamoto, S.; Denby, P.M.; Murray, A.S.


    Time-resolved infrared optically stimulated luminescence (IR-OSL) signals of K- and Na-feldspar samples extracted from sediments were measured in UV, blue and red detection windows, using a fast photon counter and pulsed IR stimulation (lambda = 875 nm). We observe that the relative contribution...... of long lifetime (similar to 20 mu s) components in K-feldspars is greater than that in Na-feldspars at each detection wavelength. From any one feldspar sample, red and blue IR-OSL signals have a greater contribution of long lifetime components than UV IR-OSL. We found this long lifetime component...

  6. Amino-Functionalized Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework Test Paper for Rapid and Selective Sensing of SO2Gas and Its Derivatives by Luminescence Turn-On Effect. (United States)

    Wang, Meng; Guo, Lin; Cao, Dapeng


    Rapid and selective sensing of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) gas has attracted more and more attention because SO 2 not only causes environmental pollution but also severely affects the health of human beings. Here we report an amino-functionalized luminescent metal-organic framework (MOF) material (i.e., MOF-5-NH 2 ) and further investigate its sensing property for SO 2 gas and its derivatives as a luminescent probe. The results indicate that the MOF-5-NH 2 probe can selectively and sensitively sense SO 2 derivatives (i.e., SO 3 2- ) in real time by a luminescence turn-on effect with a lower detection limit of 0.168 ppm and a response time of less than 15 s. Importantly, the luminescence turn-on phenomenon can be observed by the naked eye. We also assembled MOF-5-NH 2 into a test paper to achieve the aim of portable detection, and the lower-limit concentration of the test paper for sensing SO 2 in real time was found to be about 0.05 ppm. Moreover, MOF-5-NH 2 also shows good anti-interference ability, strong luminescence stability, and reusability, which means that this material is an excellent sensing candidate. The amino functionalization may also provide a modification strategy to design luminescent sensors for other atmospheric pollutants.

  7. Luminescence recognition of different organophosphorus pesticides by the luminescent Eu(III)-pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid probe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azab, Hassan A., E-mail: [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522 (Egypt); Duerkop, Axel [Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Chemo and Biosensors, Regensburg University, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Anwar, Z.M.; Hussein, Belal H.M.; Rizk, Moustafa A.; Amin, Tarek [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522 (Egypt)


    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Europium (III) luminescence quenching has been used for sensing organophosphorous pesticides. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Four guest pesticides chlorfenvinphos, malathion, azinphos, and paraxon ethyl were used. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A sensitive rapid, cheap direct method for the determination of the pesticides has been developed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The method was applied to the determination of the OPs in tap, river, mineral, and waste waters. - Abstract: Luminescence quenching of a novel long lived Eu(III)-pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid probe of 1:2 stoichiometric ratio has been studied in 0.10 volume fraction ethanol-water mixture at pH 7.5 (HEPES buffer) in the presence of the organophosphorus pesticides chlorfenvinphos (P1), malathion (P2), azinphos (P3), and paraxon ethyl (P4). The luminescence intensity of Eu(III)-(PDCA){sub 2} probe decreases as the concentration of the pesticide increases. It was observed that the quenching due to P3 and P4 proceeds via both diffusional and static quenching processes. Direct methods for the determination of the pesticides under investigation have been developed using the luminescence quenching of Eu(III)-pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid probe in solution. The linear range for determination of the selected pesticides is 1.0-35.0 {mu}M. The detection limits were 0.24-0.55 {mu}M for P3, P4, and P1 and 2.5 {mu}M for P2, respectively. The binding constants (K), and thermodynamic parameters of the OPs with Eu(III)-(PDCA){sub 2} were evaluated. Positive and negative values of entropy ({Delta}S) and enthalpy ({Delta}H) changes for Eu(III)-(PDCA){sub 2}-P1 ternary complex were calculated. As the waters in this study do not contain the above mentioned OPs over the limit detectable by the method, a recovery study was carried out after the addition of the adequate amounts of the organophosphorus pesticides under investigation.

  8. Electronic band gap reduction and intense luminescence in Co and Mn ion-implanted SiO2 (United States)

    Green, R. J.; Zatsepin, D. A.; St. Onge, D. J.; Kurmaev, E. Z.; Gavrilov, N. V.; Zatsepin, A. F.; Moewes, A.


    Cobalt and manganese ions are implanted into SiO2 over a wide range of concentrations. For low concentrations, the Co atoms occupy interstitial locations, coordinated with oxygen, while metallic Co clusters form at higher implantation concentrations. For all concentrations studied here, Mn ions remain in interstitial locations and do not cluster. Using resonant x-ray emission spectroscopy and Anderson impurity model calculations, we determine the strength of the covalent interaction between the interstitial ions and the SiO2 valence band, finding it comparable to Mn and Co monoxides. Further, we find an increasing reduction in the SiO2 electronic band gap for increasing implantation concentration, due primarily to the introduction of Mn- and Co-derived conduction band states. We also observe a strong increase in a band of x-ray stimulated luminescence at 2.75 eV after implantation, attributed to oxygen deficient centers formed during implantation.

  9. Luminescent microstructures in bulk and thin films of PMMA, PDMS, PVA, and PS fabricated using femtosecond direct writing technique (United States)

    Deepak, K. L. N.; Kuladeep, R.; Venugopal Rao, S.; Narayana Rao, D.


    We present here the luminescent properties of microstructures obtained through femtosecond (fs) laser direct writing (LDW) in bulk, and thin films of polymers such as poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA), poly dimethyl siloxane (PDMS), polystyrene (PS), and poly vinyl alcohol (PVA). We report the transmission, emission, excitation, laser confocal and ESR data from the modified regions acquired with the intention of understanding the fs irradiation effects in these polymers. Formation of different optical centers in the laser irradiated regions has been identified as the reason for emission characteristics which are dependent on the excitation source. Such emitting microstructures demonstrate their utility in memory based devices. ESR studies reveal the existence of peroxide type free radicals in PMMA, PDMS and PS after fs laser irradiation.

  10. Synthesis and influence of annealing atmosphere on the luminescence properties of ZnGa2O4 nanowires (United States)

    Kim, Hyunsu; An, Soyeon; Park, Sunghoon; Lee, Chongmu


    ZnGa2O4 nanowires were synthesized on Si substrates by using the thermal evaporation of a mixture of Zn and GaN powders. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the diameters and the lengths of the nanowires ranged from a few tens to a few hundreds of nanometers and up to a few hundreds of micrometers, respectively. The ZnGa2O4 nanowires were found to have a face-centered cubic-structured monocrystalline phase. The photoluminescence properties of the ZnGa2O4 nanowires appeared to depend strongly on the annealing atmosphere. The ZnGa2O4 nanowires annealed in a hydrogen atmosphere showed a relatively weak broad visible emission band, ranging from 500 to 700 nm. In contrast, the ZnGa2O4 nanowires annealed in an oxygen atmosphere showed a relatively strong near-ultraviolet emission band centered at approximately 380 nm. On the other hand, the ZnGa2O4 nanowires annealed in an argon atmosphere showed a sharp, taller ultraviolet emission peak centered at approximately 380 nm, as well as a broad green emission band centered at approximately 510 nm. The origins of the enhanced luminescence in ZnGa2O4 nanowires due to annealing in different atmospheres are discussed.

  11. Space-radiation-induced Photon Luminescence of the Moon (United States)

    Wilson, Thomas; Lee, Kerry


    We report on the results of a study of the photon luminescence of the Moon induced by Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCRs) and space radiation from the Sun, using the Monte Carlo program FLUKA. The model of the lunar surface is taken to be the chemical composition of soils found at various landing sites during the Apollo and Luna programs, averaged over all such sites to define a generic regolith for the present analysis. This then becomes the target that is bombarded by Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCRs) and Solar Energetic Particles (SEPs) above 1 keV in FLUKA to determine the photon fluence albedo produced by the Moon's surface when there is no sunlight and Earthshine. This is to be distinguished from the gamma-ray spectrum produced by the radioactive decay of radiogenic constituents lying in the surface and interior of the Moon. From the photon fluence we derive the spectrum which can be utilized to examine existing lunar spectral data and to design orbiting instrumentation for measuring various components of the space-radiation-induced photon luminescence present on the Moon.

  12. Complex of heavy magnetic ions and luminescent silicon nanoparticles (United States)

    Hoang, Tuan

    We study the optical properties of luminescent silicon nanoparticles in the presence of magnetic ions of iron or erbium in solution and electric biasing. Upon the introduction of the ions under zero biasing, the luminescence is enhanced to by 50%. The peak position of the nanoparticle's spectrum shifts by 10 nm. The enhancement remains stable even outside of the solvent, and under exposure to an ionizing environment, with electric eld as high as 8 MV/m exceeding the breakdown eld value of solution. We attribute the enhancement and spectral change to the formation of complex between the silicon nanoparticles and the ions. We compare these results with the computational study that was done in our group using density functional theory. The calculations yield two stable con gurations that such ion-particle complex could form, with binding energy of 0:49 eV between the ion and the nanoparticle. The complexes promise diverse applications in magnetic/optical imaging, spatially programmable deposition, spin-based memories and transistors, infrared communications, ltration, as well as interplanetary and interstellar observation and modeling.

  13. Agglomeration of Luminescent Porous Silicon Nanoparticles in Colloidal Solutions. (United States)

    Herynková, Kateřina; Šlechta, Miroslav; Šimáková, Petra; Fučíková, Anna; Cibulka, Ondřej


    We have prepared colloidal solutions of clusters composed from porous silicon nanoparticles in methanol, water and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Even if the size of the nanoclusters is between 60 and 500 nm, due to their highly porous "cauliflower"-like structure, the porous silicon nanoparticles are composed of interconnected nanocrystals having around 2.5 nm in size and showing strong visible luminescence in the orange-red spectral region (centred at 600-700 nm). Hydrophilic behaviour and good solubility of the nanoclusters in water and water-based solutions were obtained by adding hydrogen peroxide into the etching solution during preparation and 16 min long after-bath in hydrogen peroxide. By simple filtration of the solutions with syringe filters, we have extracted smaller nanoclusters with sizes of approx. 60-70 nm; however, these nanoclusters in water and PBS solution (pH neutral) are prone to agglomeration, as was confirmed by zeta potential measurements. When the samples were left at ambient conditions for several weeks, the typical nanocluster size increased to approx. 330-400 nm and then remained stable. However, both freshly filtered and aged samples (with agglomerated porous silicon nanoparticles) of porous silicon in water and PBS solutions can be further used for biological studies or as luminescent markers in living cells.

  14. UV luminescence of dendrimer-encapsulated gold nanoclusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, Hyeong Seop; Kim, Jun Myung; Sohn, So Hyeong; Han, Noh Soo; Park, Seung Min [Dept. of Chemistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    Size-dependent luminescence color is one of the interesting properties of metal nanocrystals, whose sizes are in the dimension of the Fermi wavelength of an electron. Despite the short Fermi wavelength of electrons in gold (-0.7 nm), luminescence of gold nanoclusters has been reported to range from the near-infrared to near-ultraviolet, depending on the number of atoms in the nanoclusters. The photoluminescence of G4-OH (Au) obtained by the excitation of 266 nm showed UV emission in addition to the well-known blue emission. The higher intensity and red-shifted emission of the gold nanoclusters was distinguished from the emission of dendrimers. The UV emission at 352 nm matched the emission energy of Au{sub 4} in the spherical jellium model, rather than the planar Au{sub 8}, which supported the emission of Au{sub 4} formed in G4-OH. Despite the change of [HAuCl{sub 4} ]/[G4-OH], the relative population between Au{sub 4} and Au{sub 8} was similar in G4-OH(Au), which indicated that the closed electronic and geometric structures stabilized the magic number of Au{sub 4}.

  15. Luminescence of a Transition Metal Complex Inside a Metamaterial Nanocavity. (United States)

    Connell, Timothy U; Earl, Stuart K; Ng, Charlene; Roberts, Ann; Davis, Timothy J; White, Jonathan M; Polyzos, Anastasios; Gómez, Daniel E


    Modification of the local density of optical states using metallic nanostructures leads to enhancement in the number of emitted quanta and photocatalytic turnover of luminescent materials. In this work, the fabrication of a metamaterial is presented that consists of a nanowire separated from a metallic mirror by a polymer thin film doped with a luminescent organometallic iridium(III) complex. The large spin-orbit coupling of the heavy metal atom results in an excited state with significant magnetic-dipole character. The nanostructured architecture supports two distinct optical modes and their assignment achieved with the assistance of numerical simulations. The simulations show that one mode is characterized by strong confinement of the electric field and the other by strong confinement of the magnetic field. These modes elicit drastic changes in the emitter's photophysical properties, including dominant nanocavity-derived modes observable in the emission spectra along with significant increases in emission intensity and the total decay rate. A combination of simulations and momentum-resolved spectroscopy helps explain the mechanism of the different interactions of each optical mode supported by the metamaterial with the excited state of the emitter. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. Review of biomedical Čerenkov luminescence imaging applications. (United States)

    Tanha, Kaveh; Pashazadeh, Ali Mahmoud; Pogue, Brian W


    Čerenkov radiation is a fascinating optical signal, which has been exploited for unique diagnostic biological sensing and imaging, with significantly expanded use just in the last half decade. Čerenkov Luminescence Imaging (CLI) has desirable capabilities for niche applications, using specially designed measurement systems that report on radiation distributions, radiotracer and nanoparticle concentrations, and are directly applied to procedures such as medicine assessment, endoscopy, surgery, quality assurance and dosimetry. When compared to the other imaging tools such as PET and SPECT, CLI can have the key advantage of lower cost, higher throughput and lower imaging time. CLI can also provide imaging and dosimetry information from both radioisotopes and linear accelerator irradiation. The relatively short range of optical photon transport in tissue means that direct Čerenkov luminescence imaging is restricted to small animals or near surface human use. Use of Čerenkov-excitation for additional molecular probes, is now emerging as a key tool for biosensing or radiosensitization. This review evaluates these new improvements in CLI for both medical value and biological insight.

  17. Luminescent multifunctional lanthanides-based metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Rocha, João; Carlos, Luís D; Paz, Filipe A Almeida; Ananias, Duarte


    Metal-organic frameworks based on trivalent lanthanides (LnMOFs) are a very promising class of materials for addressing the challenges in engineering of luminescent centres. Lanthanide-bearing phosphors find numerous applications in lighting, optical communications, photonics and biomedical devices. In this critical review we discuss the potential of LnMOFs as multifunctional systems, which combine light emission with properties such as microporosity, magnetism, chirality, molecule and ion sensing, catalysis and activity as multimodal imaging contrast agents. We argue that these materials present a unique chance of observing synergy between several of these properties, such as the coupling between photoluminescence and magnetism. Moreover, an integrated approach towards the design of efficient, stable, cheap, environmentally-friendly and multifunctional luminescent LnMOFs is still missing. Although research into LnMOFs is at its early stage and much basic knowledge is still needed, the field is ripe for new ideas, which will enable sensor devices and photonic prototypes to become a commercial reality (81 references).

  18. Characterization of a nondestructive beam profile monitor using luminescent emission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Variola


    Full Text Available The LHC (large hadron collider [LHC study group: LHC. The large hadron collider conceptual design; CERN/AC/95-05] is the future p-p collider under construction at CERN, Geneva. Over a circumference of 26.7 km a set of cryogenic dipoles and rf cavities will store and accelerate proton and ion beams up to energies of the order of 7 TeV. Injection in LHC will be performed by the CERN complex of accelerators, starting from the source and passing through the linac, the four booster rings, the proton synchrotron (PS, and super proton synchrotron (SPS accelerators. One of the main constraints on LHC performance is emittance preservation along the whole chain of CERN accelerators. The accepted relative normalized emittance blowup after filamentation is ±7%. To monitor the beam and the emittance blowup process, a study of different prototypes of nonintercepting beam profile monitors has been performed. In this context a monitor using the luminescent emission of gases excited by ultrarelativistic protons (450 GeV was developed and tested in the SPS ring. The results of beam size measurements and their evolution as a function of the machine parameters are presented. The image quality and resolution attainable in the LHC case have been assessed. A first full characterization of the luminescence cross section, spectrum, decay time, and afterglow effect for an ultrarelativistic proton beam is provided. Some significant results are also provided for lead ion beams.

  19. Diffusion-controlled luminescence quenching in metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Wang, Cheng; Lin, Wenbin


    Diffusion-controlled luminescence quenching of a phosphorescent metal-organic framework built from the Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)-derived bridging ligand (MOF-1) was studied using a series of amines of different sizes as quenchers. The dynamics of amine diffusion into solvent-filled MOF-1 channels was probed by modeling time-dependent luminescence quenching data, which provide quantitative diffusion coefficients for the amine quenchers. Triethylamine, tripropylamine, and tributylamine were found to follow Fickian diffusion with a diffusivity of (1.1 ± 0.2) × 10(-13), (4.8 ± 1.2) × 10(-14), and (4.0 ± 0.4) × 10(-14) m(2)/s, respectively. Diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), on the other hand, was found to be too large to enter the MOF channels. Despite its size, 4-MeOPhNPh(2) can enter the MOF channels via a slow, complicated framework/guest intercalation process to result in extensive framework distortion as revealed by powder X-ray diffraction. This work represents the first quantitative study of the dynamics of molecular diffusion into solvent-filled MOF channels. Such quantitative information on molecular diffusion in MOFs is of fundamental importance to many of their potential applications (e.g., heterogeneous catalysis).

  20. Development of luminescent bacteria as tracers for geological reservoir characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    King, J.W.


    Bioluminescent cultures were acquired and tested for use as biological tracers for reservoir characterization by small independent oil companies. Initially these bacterial cultures were fastidious to work with, but when we finally determined their critical growth parameters simple test variations were developed that could be routinely accomplished. The intensity of their luminescence is easily distinguished by the human eye and requires no sophisticated technical knowledge or instrumentation. Cultures were received from culture banks and collected from marine environments. In our laboratory they were screened using the criteria of optimum growth and luminescence. Three stock cultures proved to grow profusely even when variations were made in nutrient additions, salts, and temperature. These three selected cultures were not inhibited when introduced to formations and formation waters and were not overgrown by other bacteria. Cultures isolated from the Gulf of Mexico were overgrown by indigenous bacteria and therefore, they were eliminated from further screening and adaption. Experiments were performed according to three major task descriptions: 1. Establish growth and luminescencing limitations of selected bacteria in various media, varying salt concentration and temperature. 2. Adapt cultures to formation waters. 3. Determine transport limitations of bioluminescent bacteria through representative reservoir cores. 19 refs., 5 figs., 7 tabs.

  1. Amine-templated polymeric lanthanide formates: synthesis, characterization, and applications in luminescence and magnetism. (United States)

    Rossin, Andrea; Giambastiani, Giuliano; Peruzzini, Maurizio; Sessoli, Roberta


    The novel polymeric formates of general formula [(Fmd)Ln(III)(HCOO)(4)](∞) (Fmd(+) = NH(2)-CH(+)-NH(2); Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Dy (4)] were synthesized through solvothermal methods in formamide solutions. The compounds are isotructural; they crystallize in the orthorhombic C222(1) chiral space group. The coordination geometry at the metal centers is square antiprismatic (coordination number eight), with each formate ligand bridging adjacent lanthanide ions. The overall negative three-dimensional (3D) framework charge is balanced by the formamidinium cations sitting inside the channels along the a axis, forming extensive N-H···O hydrogen bonding with the surrounding cage. All the compounds have been characterized through single-crystal/powder X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, and TG-MS analysis. Finally, their luminescence and magnetic properties have been assessed, leading to remarkable emission intensities, especially for the Tb(III) compound (Φ = 0.83), with corresponding lifetime decays in the micro (Dy) and millisecond (Tb, Eu) time scale. A weak but sizable antiferromagnetic interaction has been observed for the Gd(III) derivative.

  2. Crystal structures and luminescence of two cadmium-carboxylate cluster-based compounds with mixed ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Hui-Fang; Lei, Qian; Wang, Yu-Ling; Yin, Shun-Gao; Liu, Qing-Yan [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Key Lab. of Functional Small Organic Molecule of Ministry of Education, Jiangxi Normal Univ., Nanchang (China)


    Reactions of Cd(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O with 2-quinolinecarboxylic acid (H-QLC) in the presence of 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (H{sub 2}-BDC) or 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (H-BTC) in DMF/H{sub 2}O solvent afforded two compounds, namely, [Cd(QLC)(BDC){sub 1/2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1) and [Cd(QLC)(BTC){sub 1/3}]{sub n} (2). Both compounds are two-dimensional (2D) frameworks but feature different cadmium-carboxylate clusters as a result of the presence of the polycarboxylate ligands with different geometries and coordination preference. The dinuclear Cd{sub 2}(QLC){sub 2} units in 1 are bridged by the pairs of bridging water ligands to give a one-dimensional (1D) chain, which is further linked by the second ligand of BDC{sup 2-} to form a 2D structure. Compound 2 is constructed from unique hexanuclear macrometallacyclic Cd{sub 6}(QLC){sub 6} clusters, which are linked by the surrounding BTC{sup 3-} ligands to generate a 2D structure. Photoluminescence studies showed both compounds exhibit ligand-centered luminescent emissions with emission maxima at 405 and 401 nm, respectively. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. Luminescence of Nanoporous Si and ALD-Deposited ZnO on Nanoporous Si Substrate (United States)

    Pham, Vuong-Hung; Tam, Phuong Dinh; Dung, Nguyen Huu; Nguyen, Duy-Hung; Huy, Pham Thanh


    This paper reports the attempt at synthesizing nanoporous silicon (Si) with a dendritic-like structure and atomic layer deposition (ALD) of ZnO on nanoporous Si to control light emission intensity and emission center by applying an optimum voltage, etching time and thickness of ZnO layer. The dendritic-like structure of nanoporous Si was formed with low etching voltages of 5-10 V. Fourier transform infrared absorption spectra of the nanoporous Si reveals that the intensities of hydride stretching, SiH2 scissor mode and Si-O-Si vibration peak increase with the increasing of etching time. The formation of a thick dendritic-like structure with an increasing SiH2 bond resulted in significant enhancement of luminescence. In addition, the ALD-deposited ZnO layer on nanoporous Si resulted in light emission from both ZnO and nanoporous Si under a single excitation source. These results suggest the potential application of an ALD-deposited ZnO layer on nanoporous Si in designing materials for advanced optoelectronics.

  4. Mixed-ligand Zn-MOFs for highly luminescent sensing of nitro compounds. (United States)

    Wang, Hao; Yang, Weiting; Sun, Zhong-Ming


    Three Zn(II) metal-organic frameworks (Zn-MOFs), [Zn2(tib)(HL(1))(H2L(1))0.5]·2H2O (1), [Zn2(tib)(L(2))]·H2O (2) and [Zn3(tib)(L(3))2(H2O)6]·2 H2O (3), have been prepared by reactions of 1,3,5-tris(1-imidazolyl)benzene (tib), and biphenyl-3,3',4,4'-tetracarboxylic acid (H4L(1)), 4,4'-oxydiphthalic acid (H4L(2)), or benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (H3L(3)) with corresponding Zn(II) salts, respectively. Single crystal structure analyses reveal that 1 and 2 are constructed by Zn-centered polyhedra, tib and multidentate tetracarboxylate ligands to form 3-dimensional frameworks. In contrast, when the tetracarboxylate ligands were replaced by tricarboxylate ligand, layered structure of 3 is produced. These compounds are further characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, element analyses, thermogravimetric analyses and photoluminescent spectroscopy. The luminescent properties of three Zn-MOFs dispersed in different solvents have been investigated systematically, demonstrating high sensitivity for the detection of nitro compounds via a fluorescence quenching mechanism. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Incorporation of Ln-Doped LaPO4 Nanocrystals as Luminescent Markers in Silica Nanoparticles. (United States)

    van Hest, Jacobine J H A; Blab, Gerhard A; Gerritsen, Hans C; Donega, Celso de Mello; Meijerink, Andries


    Lanthanide ions are promising for the labeling of silica nanoparticles with a specific luminescent fingerprint due to their sharp line emission at characteristic wavelengths. With the increasing use of silica nanoparticles in consumer products, it is important to label silica nanoparticles in order to trace the biodistribution, both in the environment and living organisms.In this work, we synthesized LaPO4 nanocrystals (NCs) with sizes ranging from 4 to 8 nm doped with europium or cerium and terbium. After silica growth using an inverse micelle method, monodisperse silica spheres were obtained with a single LaPO4 NC in the center. We demonstrate that the size of the silica spheres can be tuned in the 25-55 nm range by addition of small volumes of methanol during the silica growth reaction. Both the LaPO4 core and silica nanocrystal showed sharp line emission characteristic for europium and terbium providing unique optical labels in silica nanoparticles of variable sizes.

  6. Luminescent single-ion magnets from Lanthanoid(III) complexes with monodentate ketone ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanetomo, Takuya; Ishida, Takayuki, E-mail: [Department of Engineering Science, The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo (Japan)


    We synthesized [Ln{sup III}(hfac){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O)(L)] (abbreviated as Ln-L; Ln = Gd, Tb, Eu; L = DTBK (di-t-butyl ketone), BP (benzophenone)), in which the carbonyl oxygen atom was coordinated to the Ln ion center, despite of such bulky substituents. Their crystal structures were determined by means of X-ray diffraction study. Gd-DTBK is completely isomorphous to the di-t-butyl nitroxide derivative and accordingly can be regarded as a model with the ligand spin masked. The ac magnetic susceptibility measurements on Tb-DTBK and -BP showed frequency dependence, characteristic of single-ion magnets. They also displayed photoluminescence in the solid state at room temperature. The quantum yields of the luminescence of Tb-DTBK and -BP (λ{sub ex} = 360 nm) were improved to 57 and 35%, respectively, from that of the starting material [TbI{sup III}(hfac){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (28% at λ{sub ex} = 370 nm). Similarly, the quantum yields for Eu-DTBK and -BP were 8 and 15%, respectively, with λ{sub ex} = 400 nm, while that of the starting material [EuI{sup III}(hfac){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] was 4% at λ{sub ex}=400 nm.

  7. Electron paramagnetic resonance and luminescent properties of Mn2+:MgGa2O4 phosphor (United States)

    Yasoda, B.; Sreekanth Chakradhar, R. P.; Lakshmana Rao, J.; Gopal, N. O.; Xu, C. N.


    Electron-paramagnetic-resonance (EPR) and photoluminescence (PL) studies on magnesium gallate (MgGa2O4) phosphor activated with divalent manganese have been carried out. The EPR spectrum exhibits a six-line hyperfine structure centered at g=1.995, which is a characteristic of a Mn2+ ion with a nuclear spin I=5/2. The spin-Hamiltonian parameters have been evaluated. The concentration and temperature (123-433 K) dependences of EPR signals have been studied. The number of spins participating in resonance (N) with temperature obeys the Boltzman law and from the graph of log N versus 1/T the activation energy has been evaluated. The paramagnetic susceptibilities (χ) have been calculated from the EPR data at different temperatures and it is interesting to note that it obeys the Curie-Weiss behavior. The Curie constant has been evaluated from the 1/χ versus T graph. A bright green photoluminescence according to the transition 4T1-->6A1 whose emission peak is located at 502 nm is observed from the phosphor under UV excitation when excited by 267-nm light. Such a stable luminescence performance is promising for use in the field of flat panel light-emitting devices. The mechanism involved in the generation of green emission has been explained in detail.

  8. Ion beam characterization of advanced luminescent materials for application in radiation effects microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Branson, J.V., E-mail: [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800 MS 1056, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1056 (United States); Hattar, K. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800 MS 1056, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1056 (United States); Rossi, P. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800 MS 1056, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1056 (United States); Department of Physics of the University of Padua and INFN, via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padua (Italy); Vizkelethy, G.; Powell, C.J. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800 MS 1056, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1056 (United States); Hernandez-Sanchez, B. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800 MS 1349, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1349 (United States); Doyle, B.L. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800 MS 1056, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1056 (United States)


    The ion photon emission microscope (IPEM) is a technique developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) to study radiation effects in integrated circuits with high energy, heavy ions, such as those produced by the 88' cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). In this method, an ion-luminescent film is used to produce photons from the point of ion impact. The photons emitted due to an ion impact are imaged on a position-sensitive detector to determine the location of a single event effect (SEE). Due to stringent resolution, intensity, wavelength, decay time, and radiation tolerance demands, an engineered material with very specific properties is required to act as the luminescent film. The requirements for this material are extensive. It must produce a high enough induced luminescent intensity so at least one photon is detected per ion hit. The emission wavelength must match the sensitivity of the detector used, and the luminescent decay time must be short enough to limit accidental coincidences. In addition, the material must be easy to handle and its luminescent properties must be tolerant to radiation damage. Materials studied for this application include plastic scintillators, GaN and GaN/InGaN quantum well structures, and lanthanide-activated ceramic phosphors. Results from characterization studies on these materials will be presented; including photoluminescence, cathodoluminescence, ion beam induced luminescence, luminescent decay times, and radiation damage. Results indicate that the ceramic phosphors are currently proving to be the ideal material for IPEM investigations.

  9. Europium Luminescence Used for Logic Gate and Ions Sensing with Enoxacin As the Antenna. (United States)

    Lu, Lixia; Chen, Chuanxia; Zhao, Dan; Sun, Jian; Yang, Xiurong


    Luminescent lanthanide ion complexes have received increasing attention because of their unique optical properties. Herein, we discovered that the luminescence of europium(III) (Eu(3+)) could be regulated by Ag(+) and SCN(-) in seconds with enoxacin (ENX) as the antenna. Under given conditions, only the simultaneous introduction of Ag(+) and SCN(-) could remarkably enhance the luminescence intensity of Eu(3+)-ENX complexes. This phenomenon has been exploited to design an "AND" logic gate and specific luminescence turn-on assays for sensitively sensing Ag(+) and SCN(-) for the first time. Furthermore, the addition of S(2-) resulted in efficient luminescence quenching of the Eu(3+)/ENX/Ag(+)/SCN(-) system due to the strong affinity between Ag(+) and S(2-). Thus, a new luminescent sensing platform for S(2-) was established, which exhibited excellent selectivity and high sensitivity. S(2-) could be detected within the concentration range of 100 nM to 12.5 μM with a detection limit of 60 nM. Such sensing system features simplicity, rapidity, and flexibility. Moreover, this proposed Eu(3+)-based luminescent assay could be successfully applied in the real environmental water sample analysis.

  10. Luminescent microporous metal–organic framework with functional Lewis basic sites on the pore surface: Quantifiable evaluation of luminescent sensing mechanisms towards Fe{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Jun-Cheng [Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Physico-Inorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 (China); Technology Promotion Center of Nano Composite Material of Biomimetic Sensor and Detecting Technology, Preparation and Application, Anhui Provincial Laboratory West Anhui University, Anhui 237012 (China); Guo, Rui-Li; Zhang, Wen-Yan [Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Physico-Inorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 (China); Jiang, Chen [Technology Promotion Center of Nano Composite Material of Biomimetic Sensor and Detecting Technology, Preparation and Application, Anhui Provincial Laboratory West Anhui University, Anhui 237012 (China); Wang, Yao-Yu, E-mail: [Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Physico-Inorganic Chemistry, College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 (China)


    A systematic study has been conducted on a novel luminescent metal-organic framework, ([Zn(bpyp)(L-OH)]·DMF·2H{sub 2}O){sub n} (1), to explore its sensing mechanisms to Fe{sup 3+}. Structure analyses show that compound 1 exist pyridine N atoms and -OH groups on the pore surface for specific sensing of metal ions via Lewis acid-base interactions. On this consideration, the quenching mechanisms are studied and the processes are controlled by multiple mechanisms in which dynamic and static mechanisms are calculated, achieving the quantification evaluation of the quenching process. This work not only achieves the quantitative evaluation of the luminescence quenching but also provides certain insights into the quenching process, and the possible mechanisms explored in this work may inspire future research and design of target luminescent metal-organic frameworks (LMOFs) with specific functions. - Graphical abstract: A systematic study has been conducted on a novel luminescent metal-organic framework to explore its sensing mechanisms to Fe{sup 3+}. The quenching mechanisms are studied and the processes are controlled by multiple mechanisms in which dynamic and static mechanisms are calculated, achieving the quantification evaluation of the quenching process. - Highlights: • A novel porous luminescent MOF containing uncoordinated groups in interlayer channels was successfully synthesized. • The compound 1 can exhibit significant luminescent sensitivity to Fe{sup 3+}, which make its good candidate as luminescent sensor. • The corresponding dynamic and static quenching constants are calculated, achieving the quantification evaluation of the quenching process.

  11. Luminescent 3D Lanthanide-Cadmium Heterometal-Organic Frameworks with Chemical Stability and Selective Luminescent Sensing. (United States)

    Ding, Ling; Liu, Le-Hui; Shi, Qing; Sun, Yan-Qiong; Wang, Yong-Jiang; Chen, Yi-Ping


    Four novel three-dimensional (3D) 4d-4f heterometal-organic compounds, [LnCd2(Pbc)4(Meimdc)(H2O)]·3H2O (Ln = Eu, 1a; Tb, 1b; Sm, 1c; Dy, 1d) (HPbc = 4-(4-pyridinyl)benzoic acid; H3Meimdc = 2-methyl-1H-4,5-imidazole-dicarboxylic acid), have been successfully prepared by a hydrothermal method. All the compounds are isostructural and show three-dimensional microporous pillar-layered structures with uncoordinated carboxylate sites hung in the channels. Compound 1a possesses excellent chemical stability. The luminescent investigations show that compounds 1a, 1b, 1c, and 1d display the characteristic emission bands of Ln3+ ions. Compound 1a exhibits a good potential as a luminescent sensor material for multi-responsive Ag+, Cu2+, Zn+, Co2+, and Ni2+ cations and some organic amines. Interestingly, 1a can capture Ag+, Cu2+, Zn+, Co2+, and Ni2+ cations and shows cation-dependent colorimetric response, which indicates the potential for naked sensing.

  12. Luminescence and luminescence quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 scintillators doped with Ce3+. (United States)

    Ogiegło, Joanna M; Katelnikovas, Arturas; Zych, Aleksander; Jüstel, Thomas; Meijerink, Andries; Ronda, Cees R


    The optical properties of gadolinium gallium aluminum garnet, Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12, doped with Ce(3+) are investigated as a function of the Ga/Al ratio, aimed at an improved understanding of the energy flow and luminescence quenching in these materials. A decrease of both the crystal field strength and band gap with increasing content of Ga(3+) is observed and explained by the geometrical influence of Ga(3+) on the crystal field splitting of the 5d level in line with theoretical work of Muñoz-García et al. ( uñoz-García, A. B.; Seijo, L. Phys. Rev. B 2010, 82, 184118 ). Thermal quenching results in shorter decay times as well as reduced emission intensities for all samples in the temperature range from 100 to 500 K. An activation energy for emission quenching is calculated from the data. The band gap of the host is measured upon Ga substitution and the decrease in band gap is related to Ga(3+) substitution into tetrahedral sites after all octahedral sites are occupied in the garnet material. Based on the change in band gap and crystal field splitting, band diagrams can be constructed explaining the low thermal quenching temperatures in the samples with high Ga content. The highest luminescence intensity is found for Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 with 40% of Al(3+) replaced by Ga(3+).

  13. Luminescent Probes for Sensitive Detection of pH Changes in Live Cells through Two Near-Infrared Luminescence Channels. (United States)

    Zhang, Shuwei; Chen, Tzu-Ho; Lee, Hsien-Ming; Bi, Jianheng; Ghosh, Avik; Fang, Mingxi; Qian, Zichen; Xie, Fei; Ainsley, Jon; Christov, Christo; Luo, Fen-Tair; Zhao, Feng; Liu, Haiying


    Two water-soluble near-infrared luminescent probes, which possess both conventional intense Stokes fluorescence and unique single-photon frequency upconversion luminescence (FUCL), were developed for sensitive and selective detection of pH changes in live cells. The water solubility and biocompatibility of these probes were achieved by introducing mannose residues through 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethylamine tethered spacers to a near-infrared conventional fluorescence (CF) and FUCL organic fluorophore. At a pH higher than 7.4, the probes have ring-closed spirocyclic lactam structures, thus are colorless and nonfluorescent. Nevertheless, they sensitively respond to acidic pH values, with a drastic structural change to ring-opened spirocyclic lactam forms, which cause significant absorbance increases at 714 nm. Correspondingly, their near-infrared CF and FUCL intensities at 740 nm are also significantly enhanced when excited by 690 and 808 nm, respectively. The probes hold a variety of advantages such as high sensitivity, excellent reversibility and selectivity to pH over metal ions, low cellular autofluorescence background interference, good cell membrane permeability and photostability, as well as low cytotoxicity. Our results have successfully proven that these probes can visualize intracellular lysosomal pH changes in live cells by monitoring both near-infrared CF and FUCL changes.

  14. Preparation and luminescence of bulk oxyfluoride glasses doped with Ag nanoclusters. (United States)

    Tikhomirov, V K; Rodríguez, V D; Kuznetsov, A; Kirilenko, D; Van Tendeloo, G; Moshchalkov, V V


    Bulk oxyfluoride glasses doped with Ag nanoclusters have been prepared using the melt quenching technique. When pumped in the absorption band of Ag nanoclusters between 300 to 500 nm, these glasses emit a very broad luminescence band covering all the visible range with a weak tail extending into the near infrared. The maximum of the luminescence band and its color shifts to the blue with a shortening of the excitation wavelength and an increasing ratio of oxide to fluoride components, resulting in white color luminescence at a particular ratio of oxide to fluoride; with a quantum yield above 20%.

  15. Luminescent trimethoprim-polyaminocarboxylate lanthanide complex conjugates for selective protein labeling and time-resolved bioassays (United States)

    Reddy, D. Rajasekhar; Pedró Rosa, Laura E.; Miller, Lawrence W.


    Labeling proteins with long-lifetime emitting lanthanide (III) chelate reporters enables sensitive, time-resolved luminescence bioaffinity assays. Heterodimers of trimethoprim (TMP) covalently linked to various cs124-sensitized, polyaminocarboxylate chelates stably retain lanthanide ions and exhibit quantum yields of europium emission up to 20% in water. A time-resolved, luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) assay showed that TMP-polyaminocarboxylates bind to Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase (eDHFR) fusion proteins with nanomolar affinity in purified solutions and in bacterial lysates. The ability to selectively impart terbium or europium luminescence to fusion proteins in complex physiological mixtures bypasses the need for specific antibodies and simplifies sample preparation. PMID:21619068

  16. Discovery of luminescence of water during radiation irradiation and application for medical physics (United States)

    Yamamoto, Seiichi


    Optical imaging detecting Cerenkov-light is a promising approach for molecular imaging or radiation therapy, but it was not yet conducted for proton therapy because light was not thought to be produced with the energy ranges because they are lower than Cerenkov-light threshold. Contrary to this consensus, our research group found that luminescence was emitted from water during proton-beam irradiation. The luminescence images of water phantoms showed clear Bragg peak, and the measured proton ranges from the images were almost the same as those obtained with an ionization chamber. The luminescence was also observed for carbon-ion and low energy X-ray photons.

  17. Luminescent Tension-Indicating Orthopedic Strain Gauges for Non-Invasive Measurements Through Tissue (United States)

    Anker, Jeffrey (Inventor); Rogalski, Melissa (Inventor); Anderson, Dakota (Inventor); Heath, Jonathon (Inventor)


    Strain gauges that can provide information with regard to the state of implantable devices are described. The strain gauges can exhibit luminescence that is detectable through living tissue, and the detectable luminescent emission can vary according to the strain applied to the gauge. A change in residual strain of the device can signify a loss of mechanical integrity and/or loosening of the implant, and this can be non-invasively detected either by simple visual detection of the luminescent emission or through examination of the emission with a detector such as a spectrometer or a camera.

  18. Luminescence dynamics of Te doped CdS quantum dots at different doping levels (United States)

    Wu, Wenzhi; Ye, Hongan; Ruan, Xiulin


    We have examined steady-state and time-resolved luminescence properties of CdS:Te quantum dots (QDs). The transient emission spectra have a red shift along the emission process. Using singular value decomposition and multiexponential decay analysis, the luminescence is found to originate from two distinct and parallel channels: band-edge excitonic emission and trapping state emission. With increasing amount of Te, the emission peaks of the QDs show an obvious red shift. Our experimental results suggest that CdS:Te quantum dots have tunable emission spectra and luminescence lifetimes which may have applications in chemical sensing, high throughput screening and other biotechnological applications.

  19. Optical spatial modulation of luminescent properties of van der Waals metal-organic framework (United States)

    Milichko, Valentin A.; Makarov, Sergey V.


    UV light processing presents a facile means to tailor the properties of materials and structures. Metal-organic framework (MOF) with strong optical response has been realized through the incorporation of luminescent ligand within the van der Waals structure. The resulting MOF exhibits a significant one-photon excited luminesces change in response to UV light, enabling spatial modulation of the luminescent map of the MOF in micrometer scale. It thus demonstrates the capacity of patterning and data storage inside the crystal in a high resolution.

  20. Cerenkov luminescence imaging: physics principles and potential applications in biomedical sciences. (United States)

    Ciarrocchi, Esther; Belcari, Nicola


    Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) is a novel imaging modality to study charged particles with optical methods by detecting the Cerenkov luminescence produced in tissue. This paper first describes the physical processes that govern the production and transport in tissue of Cerenkov luminescence. The detectors used for CLI and their most relevant specifications to optimize the acquisition of the Cerenkov signal are then presented, and CLI is compared with the other optical imaging modalities sharing the same data acquisition and processing methods. Finally, the scientific work related to CLI and the applications for which CLI has been proposed are reviewed. The paper ends with some considerations about further perspectives for this novel imaging modality.

  1. Interfacing Luminescent Quantum Dots with Functional Molecules for Optical Sensing Applications. (United States)

    Silvi, Serena; Baroncini, Massimo; La Rosa, Marcello; Credi, Alberto


    Semiconductor quantum dots possess unique size-dependent electronic properties and are of high potential interest for the construction of functional nanodevices. Photoinduced electron- and energy-transfer processes between quantum dots and surface-bound molecular species open up attractive routes to implement chemical switching of luminescence, which is at the basis of luminescence sensing. In this article, we discuss the general principles underlying the rational design of this kind of multicomponent species. Successively, we illustrate a few prominent examples, taken from the recent literature, of luminescent chemosensors constructed by attaching molecular species to the surface of quantum dots.

  2. An optically stimulated luminescence study of porcelain related to radiation dosimetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poolton, N.R.J.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Jungner, H.


    This article describes the essential features regarding the photo-stimulated luminescence of porcelain: both the main ceramic and glazing materials are studied. In each case, radiation dose dependent signals are observed, superimposed on dose independent luminescence transitions that are both...... Stokes and anti-Stokes shifted in energy. Glazing is shown in some cases to be considerably more sensitive as a radiation dosemeter than the main porcelain ceramic. By comparison with the properties of artifical phosphors, the principal luminescent matrix is identified as being Al2O3...

  3. Laser-induced incandescence of suspended particles as a source of excitation of dye luminescence

    CERN Document Server

    Zelensky, S


    The interaction of pulsed YAG-Nd sup 3 sup + laser radiation with submicron light-absorbing particles suspended in an aqueous solution of Rhodamine 6G is investigated experimentally. The experiments demonstrate that the laser-induced incandescence of suspended particles excites the luminescence of the dissolved dye molecules. The mechanism of the luminescence excitation consists in the reabsorption of the thermal radiation within the volume of the sample cell. On the ground of this mechanism of excitation, a method of measurement of the luminescence quantum yield is proposed and realized. The method requires the knowledge of the geometrical parameters of the cell and does not require the use of reference samples.

  4. Luminescence of spodumene and garnet crystals excited by subnanosecond and nanosecond electron beams (United States)

    Tarasenko, V. F.; Solomonov, V. I.; Polisadova, E. F.; Burachenko, A. G.; Baksht, E. Kh.


    The pulsed cathode luminescence of spodumene and yttrium-aluminum garnet crystals activated by Mn2+ and Nd3+ ions, respectively, is studied. Luminescence is excited by the irradiation of the crystals by electron beams with a duration of 0.1, 0.25, 0.65, and 10 ns and a current density of ˜40 and 100 A/cm2 at an electron energy of ˜200 keV. A decrease in the electron beam duration to several tenths of a nanosecond is shown not to cause substantial changes in the excitation mechanisms of pulsed cathode luminescence and its spectrum.

  5. Assembly and tunable luminescence of lanthanide-organic frameworks constructed from 4-(3,5-dicarboxyphenyl)pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Wenqian; Yu, Jiancan [State Key Lab of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Cui, Yuanjing, E-mail: [State Key Lab of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Rao, Xingtang; Yang, Yu [State Key Lab of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Qian, Guodong, E-mail: [State Key Lab of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)


    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new N-heterocycle muticarboxylate ligand 4-(3,5-dicarboxyphenyl)pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (H{sub 4}dpda) was developed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Several lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy) and Eu/Tb mixed MOFs were synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The ligand H{sub 4}dpda can provide efficient sensitization for the lanthanide ion Tb(III) and Eu(III). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Luminescence color of the mixed MOFs can be easily tuned by varying the molar ratios of Eu(III)/Tb(III). - Abstract: A novel N-heterocycle multicarboxylate ligand 4-(3,5-dicarboxyphenyl)pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (H{sub 4}dpda) was synthesized, and then reacted with lanthanide salts to yield a series of lanthanide metal-organic frameworks, [Ln(Hdpda)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{center_dot}0.5(H{sub 2}O) (Ln = Eu(1), Gd(2), Tb(3), Dy(4)) and [Tb{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}(Hdpda)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{center_dot}0.5(H{sub 2}O) (x = 0.1-10 mol%). Single crystal X-ray diffraction and powder XRD patterns confirm these MOFs are isostructural. Luminescent measurements suggest that the ligand can provide efficient sensitization for the lanthanide ion Tb(III) and Eu(III) in the mixed lanthanide MOFs. Additionally, the luminescence color of the mixed MOFs can be easily tuned from green to green-yellow, yellow, orange, red-orange and red by varying the molar ratio of Eu(III)/Tb(III).

  6. Synthesis, characterization and application of luminescent quantum dots and microcrystalline phosphors (United States)

    Kang, Zhitao

    A phosphor is a substance which emits light when excited by radiation. For traditional powder phosphors impurity elements are usually incorporated into the host material to act as the luminescent centers. The fluorescent quantum dot (QD) is a new kind of phosphor, "quantum phosphor", with an extremely small size of 1˜10 nm and size dependent tunable emission color from the same pure semiconductor material due to quantum confinement. In this research Si QDs embedded in SiOx or SiNx thin films, which could emit light in the entire visible range from 440 nm to 840 nm by controlling their size and/or their matrix, were synthesized by evaporation or plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) techniques. Various shades of "white" could be obtained from multi-layered SiNx film structures by controlling the size of Si QDs and layer thickness. It was shown that the combination of these films can produce white emission spectra with superior color rendering properties compared to conventional fluorescent tubes. Such Si-based QDs can be used as down-converting phosphors to coat a blue/UV LED to generate white light, providing a less expensive fabrication process to obtain advanced solid state lighting devices that, compared to conventional fragile lamps, are more efficient, longer lived, and provide a full sunlight spectrum. As a supplement, free CdTe QDs with emission colors spanning 520˜700 nm and quantum efficiency (QE) up to 54%, were synthesized using a colloidal chemical method for white LED applications. White PL and a range of emission colors were obtained from mixed CdTe QD samples excited by a 420 nm blue LED. Another part of this research was to develop a new x-ray powder phosphor, ZnTe:O, for biological imaging applications used in CCD-based synchrotron x-ray detectors. As a lower band-gap semiconductor, ZnTe could theoretically achieve a higher x-ray luminescence efficiency than its counterpart, ZnSe, which is an x-ray phosphor host with the highest known

  7. Water-Soluble 2-Hydroxyisophthalamides for Sensitization of Lanthanide Luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samuel, Amanda P. S.; Moore, Evan G.; Melchior, Marco; Xu, Jide; Raymond, Kenneth N.


    A series of octadentate ligands featuring the 2-hydroxyisophthalamide (IAM) antenna chromophore (to sensitize Tb(III) and Eu(III) luminescence) has been prepared and characterized. The length of the alkyl amine scaffold that links the four IAM moieties has been varied in order to investigate the effect of the ligand backbone on the stability and photophysical properties of the Ln(III) complexes. The amine backbones utilized in this study are N,N,N{prime},N{prime}-tetrakis-(2-aminoethyl)-ethane-1,2-diamine [H(2,2)-], N,N,N{prime},N{prime}-tetrakis-(2-aminoethyl)-propane-1,3-diamine [H(3,2)-] and N,N,N{prime},N{prime}-tetrakis-(2-aminoethyl)-butane-1,4-diamine [H(4,2)-]. These ligands also incorporate methoxyethylene [MOE] groups on each of the IAM chromophores to increase their water solubility. The aqueous ligand protonation constants and Tb(III) and Eu(III) formation constants were determined from solution thermodynamic studies. The resulting values indicate that at physiological pH, the Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes of H(2,2)-IAM-MOE and H(4,2)-IAM-MOE are sufficiently stable to prevent dissociation at nanomolar concentrations. The photophysical measurements for the Tb(III) complexes gave overall quantum yield values of 0.56, 0.39, and 0.52 respectively for the complexes with H(2,2)-IAM-MOE, H(3,2)-IAM-MOE and H(4,2)-IAM-MOE, while the corresponding Eu(III) complexes displayed significantly weaker luminescence, with quantum yield values of 0.0014, 0.0015, and 0.0058, respectively. Analysis of the steady state Eu(III) emission spectra provides insight into the solution symmetries of the complexes. The combined solubility, stability and photophysical performance of the Tb(III) complexes in particular make them well suited to serve as the luminescent reporter group in high sensitivity time-resolved fluoroimmunoassays.

  8. Non-contact luminescence lifetime cryothermometry for macromolecular crystallography. (United States)

    Mykhaylyk, V B; Wagner, A; Kraus, H


    Temperature is a very important parameter when aiming to minimize radiation damage to biological samples during experiments that utilize intense ionizing radiation. A novel technique for remote, non-contact, in situ monitoring of the protein crystal temperature has been developed for the new I23 beamline at the Diamond Light Source, a facility dedicated to macromolecular crystallography (MX) with long-wavelength X-rays. The temperature is derived from the temperature-dependent decay time constant of luminescence from a minuscule scintillation sensor (<0.05 mm 3 ) located in very close proximity to the sample under test. In this work the underlying principle of cryogenic luminescence lifetime thermometry is presented, the features of the detection method and the choice of temperature sensor are discussed, and it is demonstrated how the temperature monitoring system was integrated within the viewing system of the endstation used for the visualization of protein crystals. The thermometry system was characterized using a Bi 4 Ge 3 O 12 crystal scintillator that exhibits good responsivity of the decay time constant as a function of temperature over a wide range (8-270 K). The scintillation sensor was calibrated and the uncertainty of the temperature measurements over the primary operation temperature range of the beamline (30-150 K) was assessed to be ±1.6 K. It has been shown that the temperature of the sample holder, measured using the luminescence sensor, agrees well with the expected value. The technique was applied to characterize the thermal performance of different sample mounts that have been used in MX experiments at the I23 beamline. The thickness of the mount is shown to have the greatest impact upon the temperature distribution across the sample mount. Altogether, these tests and findings demonstrate the usefulness of the thermometry system in highlighting the challenges that remain to be addressed for the in-vacuum MX experiment to become a

  9. Silica-modified luminescent LaPO4:Eu@LaPO4@SiO2core/shell nanorods: Synthesis, structural and luminescent properties. (United States)

    Ansari, Anees A


    Monoclinic-type tetragonal LaPO 4 :Eu (core) and LaPO 4 :Eu@LaPO 4 (core/shell) nanorods (NRs) were successfully prepared using a urea-based co-precipitation process under ambient conditions. An amorphous silica layer was coated around the luminescent core/shell NRs via the sol-gel process to improve their solubility and colloidal stability in aqueous and non-aqueous media. The prepared nano-products were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction pattern, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and FTIR, UV/Vis, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to examine their phase purity, crystal phase, surface chemistry, solubility and luminescence characteristics. The length and diameter of the nano-products were in the range 80-120 nm and 10-15 nm, respectively. High solubility of the silica-modified core/shell/Si NRs was found for the aqueous medium. The luminescent core NRs exhibited characteristic excitation and emission transitions in the visible region that were greatly affected by surface growth of insulating LaPO 4 and silica layers due to the multiphonon relaxation rate. Our luminescence spectral results clearly show a distinct difference in intensities for core, core/shell, and core/shell/Si NRs. Highly luminescent NRs with good solubility could be useful candidates for a variety of photonic-based biomedical applications. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Kiwifruit-like Persistent Luminescent Nanoparticles with High-Performance and in Situ Activable Near-Infrared Persistent Luminescence for Long-Term in Vivo Bioimaging. (United States)

    Lin, Xia-Hui; Song, Liang; Chen, Shan; Chen, Xiao-Feng; Wei, Jing-Jing; Li, Jingying; Huang, Guoming; Yang, Huang-Hao


    Persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) have great potential for bioimaging because they can eliminate the tissue autofluorescence and improve the signal-to-noise ratio significantly. High-temperature calcination is a necessary process for the PLNPs to achieve high luminescence intensity and long afterglow time. However, high-temperature calcination usually results in uncontrollable morphology and poor homogeneity of PLNPs, which greatly limit their applications. Therefore, there is still a high demand to find a suitable method for synthesizing PLNPs with high luminescence intensity and long afterglow time while maintaining their monodispersed morphology. Herein, we report a facile silica template method to synthesize PLNPs with a kiwifruit-like structure that can tolerate high-temperature calcination. The as-prepared kiwifruit-like SiO2@ZnGa2O4:Cr3+@SiO2 PLNPs have enhanced near-infrared persistent luminescence, uniform morphology and size, and good biocompatibility. Moreover, the SiO2@ZnGa2O4:Cr3+@SiO2 PLNPs can be repeatedly activated by soft X-rays in situ and emit near-infrared persistent luminescence with long decay time, holding great potential for deep-tissue and long-term in vivo bioimaging. We believe that this study will open new perspectives for synthesizing high-performance PLNPs for optical imaging and diversified applications.

  11. Analytical modeling of relative luminescence efficiency of Al2O3:C optically stimulated luminescence detectors exposed to high-energy heavy charged particles. (United States)

    Sawakuchi, Gabriel O; Yukihara, Eduardo G


    The objective of this work is to test analytical models to calculate the luminescence efficiency of Al(2)O(3):C optically stimulated luminescence detectors (OSLDs) exposed to heavy charged particles with energies relevant to space dosimetry and particle therapy. We used the track structure model to obtain an analytical expression for the relative luminescence efficiency based on the average radial dose distribution produced by the heavy charged particle. We compared the relative luminescence efficiency calculated using seven different radial dose distribution models, including a modified model introduced in this work, with experimental data. The results obtained using the modified radial dose distribution function agreed within 20% with experimental data from Al(2)O(3):C OSLDs relative luminescence efficiency for particles with atomic number ranging from 1 to 54 and linear energy transfer in water from 0.2 up to 1368 keV µm(-1). In spite of the significant improvement over other radial dose distribution models, understanding of the underlying physical processes associated with these radial dose distribution models remain elusive and may represent a limitation of the track structure model.

  12. Reusable temperature-sensitive luminescent material based on vitrified film of europium(III) β-diketonate complex (United States)

    Lapaev, Dmitry V.; Nikiforov, Victor G.; Lobkov, Vladimir S.; Knyazev, Andrey A.; Galyametdinov, Yury G.


    We have proposed a novel temperature-sensitive luminescent material which is a 20 μm thick vitrified film (sandwiched between two quartz plates) fabricated from an amorphous powder of a mesogenic europium(III) β-diketonate complex through a melt-processing technique. The film photoexcited by a 337 nm pulsed nitrogen laser displays a typical Eu3+ ion luminescence bands with the strongest peak at 612 nm and with the decay time of 537 μs at 298 K. It is obtained that both the mean luminescence intensity and the luminescence decay time at 612 nm decrease significantly with temperature increasing from 298 to 348 K; the average values of the relative and absolute temperature sensitivities of the luminescence decay time in the range of 298-348 K are -1.2%·K-1 and -6.5 μs·K-1, respectively. The thermal quenching mechanism of the luminescent properties was analyzed and discussed. The experiments showed that, the luminescent properties of the film is insensitive to oxygen, the film is photostable under UV light, there is full reversibility of the temperature-dependent luminescence intensity and the decay time, and the high luminescence brightness of the film can be observed with violet light excitation. These factors indicated that the film is promising material for reusable luminescent thermometers, suitable for long-term monitoring in the range of 298-348 K.

  13. Responsive hybrid inorganic-organic system derived from lanthanide luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Zhan [School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Zheng, Yuhui, E-mail: [School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Jiang, Lasheng; Yang, Jinglian [School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Wang, Qianming, E-mail: [Key Laboratory of Theoretical Chemistry of Environment, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage, Guangzhou 510006 (China)


    Highlights: • A novel covalent hybrid material was used to detect hemoglobin. • All the recognition experiments were performed in buffer solution. • Porous nano-structures was extensively studied for the recognition. - Abstract: Terbium ions were incorporated into new organic-inorganic matrices to achieve intense green emissions. Hemoglobin (HB) interactions lead to dramatic changes in the luminescence emission intensities. Infrared spectra, morphological studies and photoluminescence give information for the speciation and process of hemoglobin additions. The porous material has a large specific surface area of 351 cm{sup 2}/g and the detection limit for HB (0.7 μM) was much lower than its physical doped material (8 μM). This promising hybrid material will lead to the design of versatile optical probes that are efficiently responding to the external targets.

  14. Optimizing in vivo small animal Cerenkov luminescence imaging. (United States)

    Spinelli, Antonello E; Boschi, Federico


    In vivo Cerenkov luminescence imaging is a rapidly growing molecular imaging research field based on the detection of Cerenkov radiation induced by beta particles when traveling though biological tissues. We investigated theoretically the possibility of enhancing the number of the detected Cerenkov photons in the near infrared (NIR) region of the spectrum. The analysis is based on applying a photon propagation diffusion model to Cerenkov photons in the tissue. Results show that despite the smaller number of Cerenkov photons in the NIR region, the fraction exiting the tissues is greater than in the visible range, and thus, a charge-coupled device detector optimized for the NIR range will allow to obtain a higher signal. The comparison was performed considering Cerenkov point sources located at different depths inside the animal. We concluded that the improvement can be up to 35% and is more significant when the Cerenkov source to be imaged is located deeper inside the animal.

  15. A nanocrystal strain gauge for luminescence detection of mechanical forces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Charina; Koski, Kristie; Olson, Andrew; Alivisatos, Paul


    Local microscale stresses play a crucial role in inhomogeneous mechanical processes from cell motility to material failure. However, it remains difficult to spatially resolve stress at these small length scales. While contact-probe and non-contact based techniques have been used to quantify local mechanical behavior in specific systems with high stiffness or stress and spatial resolution, these methods cannot be used to study a majority of micromechanical systems due to spectroscopic and geometrical constraints. We present here the design and implementation of a luminescent nanocrystal strain gauge, the CdSe/CdS core/shell tetrapod. The tetrapod can be incorporated into many materials, yielding a local stress measurement through optical fluorescence spectroscopy of the electronically confined CdSe core states. The stress response of the tetrapod is calibrated and utilized to study mechanical behavior in single polymer fibers. We expect that tetrapods can be used to investigate local stresses in many other mechanical systems.

  16. Uniform, luminescent Eu:LuF{sub 3} nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becerro, Ana I., E-mail:; Gonzalez-Mancebo, Daniel; Ocaña, Manuel [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla (CSIC-University of Seville) (Spain)


    A simple procedure for the synthesis of orthorhombic, uniform, LuF{sub 3} particles with two different morphologies (rhombus- and cocoon-like) and nanometer and sub-micrometer size, respectively, is reported. The method consists in the aging, at 120 °C for 2 h, a solution containing [BMIM]BF{sub 4} ionic liquid (0.5 mL) and lutetium acetate (in the case of the rhombi) or lutetium nitrate (in the case of the cocoons) (0.02 M) in ethylene glycol (total volume 10 mL). This synthesis method was also adequate for the synthesis of Eu{sup 3+}-doped LuF{sub 3} particles of both morphologies, whose luminescence properties were investigated in detail. The experimental observations reported herein suggest that these materials are suitable phosphors for optoelectronic as well as in vitro biotechnological applications.

  17. TOPICAL REVIEW: Discrete breathers and the anomalous decay of luminescence (United States)

    Mihóková, E.; Schulman, L. S.


    Some years ago an anomaly was noted in the decay of luminescence in certain doped alkali halides. The anomaly was eventually explained using a factor 1 billion (109) slowdown in lattice relaxation, a remarkable stretching of time scales. This slowdown was found to be caused by the creation of a 'breather' in the neighborhood of the dopant. Discrete breathers are nondispersive classical excitations that are known to be significant in many natural systems. Broad ranging reviews of mathematical techniques and physical applications have recently appeared. In the present review we focus on the occurrence of breathers in doped alkali halides. Several more general properties of breathers have arisen from this study and these are presented as well. Among them is the study of the quantum breather, its quantization and stability, a topic less fully explored than the classical theory because it does not yield easily to numerical simulation.

  18. [Prolonged luminescence of HeLa cells in deep hypoxia]. (United States)

    Petukhov, V G; Osin, N S


    The technique of registering the afterglow of cells is described. Data are presented on spectral-luminescent characteristics of HeLa cells at room temperature under conditions of deep hypoxia, the residual pressure of oxygen in the medium being under 1 mmHg. The afterglow in the visible part of spectrum is shown to be due to protein tryptophanils with phosphorescence peaks at 415, 445, and 470 nm; metalloporphyrins with delayed fluorescence peaks at 595 and 640 nm, as well as by other cellular components with peaks at about 500 and 540 nm. The latter components are supposed to be NAD, NADH and flavins. The passage of air through the suspension of cells eliminating hypoxia results in practically a complete extinction of the afterglow of cells.

  19. Luminescent properties of Mn{sup 2+} doped apatite nanophosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ravindranadh, K.; Rao, M. C., E-mail: [Department of Physics, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada-520 008 (India); Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N. [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur-522 510 (India)


    Nanophosphors have been extensively investigated during the last decade due to their various high-performance application potential such as lamp industry, radiation dosimetry, X-ray imaging and colour display. The synthesis of inorganic nanophosphors using both ionizing radiation (IR) or UV light represents very promising technological field. Alkaline earth nanophosphors gathered a lot of attention in past decades because they are considered to be excellent host materials. Transition-metal oxides are well known luminescent emitters in the visible spectral region. Mn{sup 2+} doped calcium-lithium hydroxyapatite (CLHA) nanophosphors were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. The prepared samples were characterized by photoluminescence studies. Photoluminescence spectra of Mn{sup 2+} doped CLHA nanophosphors exhibited green and strong orange emission bands at 534, 577 nm respectively under the excitation wavelength of 365 nm. The CIE chromaticity coordinates were also calculated from emission spectra for Mn{sup 2+} doped CLHA nanophosphors.

  20. Luminescent properties of Mn2+ doped apatite nanophosphors (United States)

    Ravindranadh, K.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.; Rao, M. C.


    Nanophosphors have been extensively investigated during the last decade due to their various high-performance application potential such as lamp industry, radiation dosimetry, X-ray imaging and colour display. The synthesis of inorganic nanophosphors using both ionizing radiation (IR) or UV light represents very promising technological field. Alkaline earth nanophosphors gathered a lot of attention in past decades because they are considered to be excellent host materials. Transition-metal oxides are well known luminescent emitters in the visible spectral region. Mn2+ doped calcium-lithium hydroxyapatite (CLHA) nanophosphors were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. The prepared samples were characterized by photoluminescence studies. Photoluminescence spectra of Mn2+ doped CLHA nanophosphors exhibited green and strong orange emission bands at 534, 577 nm respectively under the excitation wavelength of 365 nm. The CIE chromaticity coordinates were also calculated from emission spectra for Mn2+ doped CLHA nanophosphors.

  1. Luminescent solar concentrators using uranyl-doped silicate glasses (United States)

    Folcher, G.; Keller, N.; Paris, J.


    The effect of the uranium concentration on the performance of uranyl-doped glass used in solar concentrators was examined experimentally. Na-Ca silicate glass and UO3 additive were prepared at 1250 C, cooled to 600 C, annealed at 700 C, and cooled to ambient for the tests. Light absorption was proportional to uranium content up to a 2 percent concentration. A doped-glass test cell filled with a fluoresceine solution and irradiated at 337 nm and 420 nm with laser light was monitored to measure the luminescent lifetimes of the uranyl ions. A 380 microsec half-lifetime was determined, along with a quantum yield that varied from 0.5 at 1 percent uranyl concentration to 0.3 at a 5 percent concentration. The quantum efficiencies could be attained with 1 cm thick glass with existing manufacturing technologies, and thinner glass with further developments.

  2. Towards multi-exponential analysis in optically stimulated luminescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ankjærgaard, Christina; Jain, Mayank; Hansen, Per Christian


    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) data from quartz can follow different mathematical forms depending on the stimulation mode. These data can be described in terms of different multi-exponential models and can be numerically fitted using several well-known methods. Here we make a comparative......, it is found that transformation of OSL decay data to a peak form gives better results than direct measurement of peak-form data by, for example, varying the stimulation light intensity. The comparison of the two numerical methods suggests that the NLS method performs somewhat better than the FIE method......; however, the latter has the advantage that it does not require the user's judgement on the number of components in the data. Testing of the NLS procedure on a measured quartz time-resolved OSL signal transformed into peak form yielded reliable parameter estimates even when the signal intensity...

  3. Silica encapsulation of luminescent silicon nanoparticles: stable and biocompatible nanohybrids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurice, Vincent [CEA Saclay, DSM/IRAMIS/SPAM-LFP (France); Rivolta, Ilaria [University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Experimental Medicine (DIMS) (Italy); Vincent, Julien [CEA Saclay, DSM/IRAMIS/SPAM-LFP (France); Raccurt, Olivier [CEA Grenoble, Department of Nano Materials, NanoChemistry and NanoSafety Laboratory (DRT/LITEN/DTNM/LCSN) (France); Rouzaud, Jean-Noel [Ecole Normale superieure de Paris, Laboratoire de Geologie (France); Miserrochi, Giuseppe [University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Experimental Medicine (DIMS) (Italy); Doris, Eric [CEA, Service de Chimie Bioorganique et de Marquage, iBiTecS (France); Reynaud, Cecile; Herlin-Boime, Nathalie, E-mail: [CEA Saclay, DSM/IRAMIS/SPAM-LFP (France)


    This article presents a process for surface coating and functionalization of luminescent silicon nanoparticles. The particles were coated with silica using a microemulsion process that was adapted to the fragile silicon nanoparticles. The as-produced core-shell particles have a mean diameter of 35 nm and exhibit the intrinsic photoluminescence of the silicon core. The silica layer protects the core from aqueous oxidation for several days, thus allowing the use of the nanoparticles for biological applications. The nanoparticles were further coated with amines and functionalized with polyethylene glycol chains and the toxicity of the particles has been evaluated at the different stages of the process. The core-shell nanoparticles exhibit no acute toxicity towards lung cells, which is promising for further development.

  4. Identifying irradiated flours by photo-stimulated luminescence technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi [Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)


    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was used in this study to detect gamma irradiation treatment of five types of flours (corn, rice, tapioca, wheat and glutinous rice) at four different doses 0, 0.2, .05 and 1kGy. The signal level was compared with two threshold values (700 and 5000). With the exception of glutinous rice, all irradiated samples produced a strong signal above the upper threshold (5000 counts/60s). All control samples produced negative result with the signals below the lower threshold (700 counts/60s) suggesting that the samples have not been irradiated. Irradiated glutinous rice samples produced intermediate signals (700 - 5000 counts/60s) which were subsequently confirmed using calibrated PSL. The PSL signals remained stable after 90 days of storage. The findings of this study will be useful to facilitate control of food irradiation application in Malaysia.

  5. NIR luminescent oxygen nanosensors with nanoparticle matrix tailored sensitivity (United States)

    Lee, Yong-Eun Koo; Ulbrich, Elyse E.; Kim, Gwangseong; Hah, Hoejin; Strollo, Christen; Fan, Wenzhe; Gurjar, Rajan; Koo, SangMan; Kopelman, Raoul


    The development of sensors for non-invasive determination of oxygen levels in live cells and tissues is critical for the understanding of cellular functions, as well as for monitoring the status of disease, such as cancer, and for predicting the efficacy of therapy. We describe such non-toxic, targeted and ratiometric 30nm oxygen nanosensors made of polyacrylamide hydrogel, near infrared (NIR) luminescent dyes, and surface-conjugated tumor-specific peptides. They enabled non-invasive real-time monitoring of oxygen levels in live cancer cells under normal and hypoxic conditions. The required sensitivity, brightness, selectivity and stability were achieved by tailoring the interaction between the nanomatrix and indicator dyes. The developed nanosensors may become useful for in vivo oxygen measurements. PMID:20849084

  6. Protocols for Thermoluninescence and Optically Stimulated Luminescence Research at DOSAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernal, SM


    The Life Sciences Division (LSD) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a long record of radiation dosimetry research at the Dosimetry Applications Research (DOSAR) facility complex. These facilities have been used by a broad segment of the research community to perform a variety of experiments in areas including, but not limited to, radiobiology, radiation dosimeter and instrumentation development and calibration, and materials testing in a variety of radiation environments. Collaborations with the University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) have also led to important contributions in the area of archaeometry, particularly as it relates to the use of radiation dosimetry to date archaeological artifacts. This manual is to serve as the primary instruction and operation manual for dosimetric and archaeometric research at DOSAR involving thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). Its purpose is to (1) provide protocols for common practices associated with the research, (2) outline the relevant organizational structure, (3) identify the Quality Assurance plan, and (4) describe all the procedures, operations, and responsibilities for safe and proper operation of associated equipment. Each person who performs research at DOSAR using TL/OSL equipment is required to read the latest revision of this manual and be familiar with its contents, and to sign and date the manual's master copy indicating that the manual has been read and understood. The TL/OSL Experimenter is also required to sign the manual after each revision to signify that the changes are understood. Each individual is responsible for completely understanding the proper operation of the TL/OSL equipment used and for following the guidance contained within this manual. The instructions, protocols, and operating procedures in this manual do not replace, supersede, or alter the hazard mitigation controls identified in the Research Safety Summary (&apos

  7. R. f. -sputtered luminescent rare earth and yttrium oxysulphide films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sella, C.; Martin, J.C.; Charreire, Y.


    The rare earth and yttrium oxysulphides form a family of highly luminescent materials and are of practical importance for cathode ray tubes and other visual display devices. The conventional screens are composed of a phosphor powder and have limited brightness, resolution and contrast. The brightness is limited by heating of the phosphor and poor thermal conductivity between the particles and the substrate. The resolution is limited by the particle size. The contrast is reduced by a high diffuse reflectivity of ambient light. Continuous thin films are not subject to these limitations. In previous attempts to produce such films by classical evaporation or sputtering techniques most of the luminous efficiency of the material was lost. When r.f. sputtering was carried out in standard vacuum equipment (10/sup -6/ Torr), a sulphur deficiency in the films was observed owing to the residual oxygen pressure. To overcome these difficulties, we used a new sputtering system designed for high purity deposition and mounted in an ultrahigh vacuum unit. Two methods were used to prepare Y/sub 2/O/sub 2/S and La/sub 2/O/sub 2/S luminescent films activated by Eu/sup 3 +/ (red) and by Tb/sup 3 +/ (green): (1) deposition from a pure oxysulphide target with subsequent treatment in H/sub 2/S between 700 and 850/sup 0/C; (2) deposition from a mixed sulphide-oxysulphide target with subsequent treatment in argon or an Ar-H/sub 2/ mixture between 500 and 850/sup 0/C. All films were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopies, cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence excited with a pulsed laser.

  8. Fluorescence Intensity and Lifetime Cell Imaging with Luminescent Gold Nanoclusters. (United States)

    Zhang, Jian; Fu, Yi; Conroy, Cecil V; Tang, Zhenghua; Li, Ge; Zhao, Richard Y; Wang, Gangli


    In this article, luminescent properties of gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) were studied at the single nanoparticle level and also used as novel imaging agents in cell media. Two types of water-soluble AuNCs which were stabilized with a monolayer composed of either mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA) or tiopronin thiolate ligands were synthesized by a chemical reduction reaction. These AuNCs were determined to have an average core diameter of less than 2 nm. On a time-resolved confocal microscope, the emission signals from the single AuNCs were distinctly recordable. The quantum yields of these AuNCs were measured to be ca. 5%. The lifetime of these AuNCs is also much longer than the lifetime of cellular autofluorescence in lifetime cell imaging as well as the lifetime of organic dye Alexa Fluor 488. After being derivatized with polyethylene glycol (PEG) moieties, the AuNCs were uploaded efficiently in the HeLa cells. Fluorescence intensity and lifetime cell images were recorded on the time-resolved confocal microscope in which the emission from the AuNCs was readily differentiated from the cellular autofluorescence background because of their relatively stronger emission intensities and longer lifetimes. These loaded nanoclusters in the cells were observed to widely distribute throughout the cells and especially densely loaded near the cell nucleuses. The AuNCs in the cells were also tested to have a better photostability relative to the organic fluorophores under the same conditions. We thus conclude that the AuNCs have a great potential as novel nanoparticle imaging agents, especially as lifetime imaging agents, in fluorescence imaging applications. We also prospect much broader applications of these AuNCs after further improvements of their luminescence quantum yields.

  9. Photo-Induced Assembly of a Luminescent Tetraruthenium Square. (United States)

    Laramée-Milette, Baptiste; Nastasi, Francesco; Puntoriero, Fausto; Campagna, Sebastiano; Hanan, Garry S


    Self-assembly is a powerful synthetic tool that has led to the development of one-, two- and three-dimensional architectures. From MOFs to molecular flasks, self-assembled materials have proven to be of great interest to the scientific community. Here we describe a strategy for the construction and de-construction of a supramolecular structure through unprecedented photo-induced assembly and dis-assembly. The combination of two approaches, a [n×1]-directional bonding strategy and a ligand photo-dissociation strategy, allows the photo-induced assembly of a polypyridyl RuII precursor into a discrete molecular square. Diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy confirmed the synthesis of a higher volume species, while the identity of the species was established by high-resolution mass spectrometry and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The self-assembled square is not obtained by classical thermal techniques in similar conditions, but is obtained only by light-irradiation. The tetraruthenium square has an excited-state lifetime (135 ns), 40 times that of its mononuclear precursor and its luminescence quantum yield (1.0 %) is three orders of magnitude higher. These remarkable luminescence properties are closely related to the relatively rigid square structure of the tetraruthenium assembly, as suggested by slow radiationless decay and transient absorption spectroscopy. The results described herein are a rare example of photo-induced assembly and dis-assembly processes, and can open the way to a new avenue in supramolecular chemistry, leading to the preparation of structurally organized supermolecules by photochemical techniques. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Enhancing blue luminescence from Ce-doped ZnO nanophosphor by Li doping

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shi, Qiang; Wang, Changzheng; Li, Shuhong; Wang, Qingru; Zhang, Bingyuan; Wang, Wenjun; Zhang, Junying; Zhu, Hailing


    .... The effects of the additional doping with Li ions on the crystal structure, particle morphology, and luminescence properties of Ce-doped ZnO were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron...


    Title: Lanthanide Enhance Luminescence (LEL) with one and two photon excitation of Quantum Dyes? Lanthanide(III)-Macrocycles Principal Author:Robert C. Leif, Newport InstrumentsSecondary Authors:Margie C. Becker, Phoenix Flow Systems Al Bromm, Virginia Commonw...

  12. Establishing the Structural Integrity of Core-Shell Nanoparticles against Elemental Migration using Luminescent Lanthanide Probes. (United States)

    Chen, Bing; Peng, Dengfeng; Chen, Xian; Qiao, Xvsheng; Fan, Xianping; Wang, Feng


    Core-shell structured nanoparticles are increasingly used to host luminescent lanthanide ions but the structural integrity of these nanoparticles still lacks sufficient understanding. Herein, we present a new approach to detect the diffusion of dopant ions in core-shell nanostructures using luminescent lanthanide probes whose emission profile and luminescence lifetime are sensitive to the chemical environment. We show that dopant ions in solution-synthesized core-shell nanoparticles are firmly confined in the designed locations. However, annealing at certain temperatures (greater than circa 350 °C) promotes diffusion of the dopant ions and leads to degradation of the integrity of the nanoparticles. These insights into core-shell nanostructures should enhance our ability to understand and use lanthanide-doped luminescent nanoparticles. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Postsynthetic lanthanide functionalization of nanosized metal-organic frameworks for highly sensitive ratiometric luminescent thermometry. (United States)

    Zhou, You; Yan, Bing; Lei, Fang


    A straightforward postsynthetic lanthanide functionalization strategy is developed for fabricating highly sensitive ratiometric luminescent nanothermometers based on nanosized MOFs, which highlights the ability of a broad range of nanosized MOFs to construct nanothermometers.

  14. A robust feldspar luminescence dating method for Middle and Late Pleistocene sediments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buylaert, Jan-Pieter; Jain, Mayank; Murray, Andrew S.


    Luminescence dating is used extensively to provide absolute chronologies for Late Pleistocene sediments. Nowadays, most optical dates are based on quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). However, the application of this signal is usually limited to the last ~100 ka because of saturation...... that this IRSL signal is unstable, and this instability often gives rise to significant age underestimation. Here we test against independent age control the recently developed feldspar post-IR IRSL approach to the dating of sediments, which appears to avoid signal instability. A physical model explaining our...... of the quartz luminescence signal with dose. In contrast, the feldspar infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) dose–response curve grows to much higher doses; this has the potential to extend the datable age range by a factor of 4–5 compared with quartz OSL. However, it has been known for several decades...

  15. The recombination channels of luminescence excitation in YAG:Yb single crystalline films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakharko, Ya.M. [Faculty of Electronics, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 107 Tarnavskogo str., Lviv 79017 (Ukraine)], E-mail:; Luchechko, A.P. [Faculty of Electronics, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 107 Tarnavskogo str., Lviv 79017 (Ukraine); Ubizskii, S.B. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12, Bandera srt., Lviv 79013 (Ukraine); Syvorotka, I.I. [Scientific Research Company ' Carat' , 202, Stryjska str., Lviv 79031 (Ukraine); Martynyuk, N.V. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12, Bandera srt., Lviv 79013 (Ukraine); Syvorotka, I.M. [Scientific Research Company ' Carat' , 202, Stryjska str., Lviv 79031 (Ukraine)


    Absorption and emission spectra, luminescence decay kinetics and thermostimulated luminescence of X-ray irradiated YAG:Yb single crystalline films were studied. Two emission bands peaked at 420 and 488 nm have been detected in the investigated films. The strong thermal quenching of luminescence band at 488 nm was observed above 160 K. The influence of growth conditions and annealing in air on the lifetime of Yb{sup 3+} ion excited state in the IR spectral region have been revealed. The recombination mechanisms of the f-f transition at Yb{sup 3+} ion excitation, as well as the mechanism of lifetime shortening for the excited Yb{sup 3+} luminescence have been discussed.

  16. Self-trapped exciton and core-valence luminescence in BaF{sub 2} nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vistovskyy, V. V., E-mail:; Zhyshkovych, A. V.; Chornodolskyy, Ya. M.; Voloshinovskii, A. S. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8 Kyryla i Mefodiya, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Myagkota, O. S. [Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12S. Bandera, 79013 Lviv (Ukraine); Gloskovskii, A. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Gektin, A. V. [Institute for Scintillation Materials, NAS of Ukraine 60 Lenina Ave, 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Vasil' ev, A. N. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Rodnyi, P. A. [Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, 29, Polytekhnicheskaya, 195251 Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation)


    The influence of the BaF{sub 2} nanoparticle size on the intensity of the self-trapped exciton luminescence and the radiative core-valence transitions is studied by the luminescence spectroscopy methods using synchrotron radiation. The decrease of the self-trapped exciton emission intensity at energies of exciting photons in the range of optical exciton creation (hν ≤ E{sub g}) is less sensitive to the reduction of the nanoparticle sizes than in the case of band-to-band excitation, where excitons are formed by the recombination way. The intensity of the core-valence luminescence shows considerably weaker dependence on the nanoparticle sizes in comparison with the intensity of self-trapped exciton luminescence. The revealed regularities are explained by considering the relationship between nanoparticle size and photoelectron or photohole thermalization length as well as the size of electronic excitations.

  17. Nanoscale luminescent lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks: properties, synthesis, and applications (United States)

    Hu, Dongqin; Song, Yonghai; Wang, Li


    Nanoscale luminescent lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks (NLLn-MOFs) possess superior optical and physical properties such as higher luminescent lifetime, quantum yield, high stability, high surface area, high agent loading, and intrinsic biodegradability, and therefore are regarded as a novel generation of luminescent material compared with bulk lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs). Traditional luminescent Ln-MOFs have been well studied; however, NLLn-MOFs taking the advantages of nanomaterials have attracted extensive investigations for applications in optical imaging in living cells, light-harvesting, and sensing. In this review, we provide a survey of the latest progresses made in developing NLLn-MOFs, which contains the fundamental optical features, synthesis, and their potential applications. Finally, the future prospects and challenges of the rapidly growing field are summarized.

  18. Nanoscale luminescent lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks: properties, synthesis, and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Dongqin; Song, Yonghai; Wang, Li, E-mail: [Jiangxi Normal University, Key Laboratory of Functional Small Organic Molecule, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology, Jiangxi Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (China)


    Nanoscale luminescent lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks (NLLn-MOFs) possess superior optical and physical properties such as higher luminescent lifetime, quantum yield, high stability, high surface area, high agent loading, and intrinsic biodegradability, and therefore are regarded as a novel generation of luminescent material compared with bulk lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs). Traditional luminescent Ln-MOFs have been well studied; however, NLLn-MOFs taking the advantages of nanomaterials have attracted extensive investigations for applications in optical imaging in living cells, light-harvesting, and sensing. In this review, we provide a survey of the latest progresses made in developing NLLn-MOFs, which contains the fundamental optical features, synthesis, and their potential applications. Finally, the future prospects and challenges of the rapidly growing field are summarized.

  19. Novel Luminescent Multilayer Films Containing π-Conjugated Anionic Polymer with Electronic Microenvironment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tianlei Wang


    Full Text Available Layered double hydroxides (LDHs, luminescent π-conjugated anionic polymer and montmorillonite (MMT were orderly assembled into luminescent multilayer films via layer-by-layer self-assembly method. The electronic microenvironment (EME, the structure of which is like a traditional capacitor, can be constructed by exfoliated LDHs or MMT nanosheets. In addition, the rigid inorganic laminated configuration can offer stable surroundings between the interlayers. As a result, we conclude that EME can extend the luminescent lifespans of multilayer films substantially, due to affecting relaxation times of π-conjugated anionic polymer. Consequently, because of the remarkable impact on better photoemission behaviors of luminescent π-conjugated anionic polymer, EME assembled by LDHs or MMT nanosheets have had high hopes attached to them. They are expected to have the potential for designing, constructing, and investigating novel light-emitting thin films.

  20. Luminescent Polymer Electrolyte Composites Using Silica Coated-Y2O3:Eu as Fillers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikrajuddin Abdullah


    Full Text Available Luminescent polymer electrolyte composites composed of silica coated Y2O3:Eu in polyethylene glycol (PEG matrix has been produced by initially synthesizing silica coated Y2O3:Eu and mixing with polyethylene glycol in a lithium salt solution. High luminescence intensity at round 600 nm contributed by electron transitions in Eu3+ (5D0 -> 7F0, 5D0 -> 7F1, and 5D0 -> 7F3 transitions were observed. The measured electrical conductivity was comparable to that reported for polymer electrolyte composites prepared using passive fillers (non luminescent. This approach is therefore promising for production of high intensity luminescent polymer electrolyte composites for use in development of hybrid battery/display.

  1. Structure of thiophene-based regioregular polymers and block copolymers and its influence on luminescence spectra

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hutten, Paul; Gill, R.E; Herrema, J.K; Hadziioannou, G


    Two approaches toward control of the luminescence wavelength of polythiophenes have been explored: (i) block copolymers in which oligothiophene blocks alternate with oligosilanylene blocks and (ii) regioregular polythiophenes in which oligothiophene sequences are delimited by n-octyl substituents

  2. Ion beam induced luminescence from diamond using an MeV ion microprobe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bettiol, A.A.; Jamieson, D. N.; Prawer, S.; Allen, M.G. [Melbourne Univ., Parkville, VIC (Australia). School of Physics


    Analysis of the luminescence induced by a MeV ion beam offers the potential to provide useful information about the chemical properties of atoms in crystals to complement the information provided by more traditional Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) such as Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS), ion channeling and Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE). Furthermore, the large penetration depth of the MeV ion beam offers several advantages over the relatively shallow penetration of keV electrons typically employed in cathodoluminescence. An Ion Beam Induced Luminescence (IBIL) detection system was developed for the Melbourne microprobe that allows the spatial mapping of the luminescence signal along with the signals from RBS and PIXE. Homoepitaxial diamond growth has been studied and remarkable shifts in the characteristic blue luminescence of diamond towards the green were observed in the overgrowth. This has been tentatively identified as being due to transition metal inclusions in the epitaxial layers. 8 refs., 2 refs.

  3. Photoassisted synthesis of luminescent mannose-Au nanodots for the detection of thyroglobulin in serum. (United States)

    Huang, Chih-Ching; Hung, Yu-Lun; Shiang, Yen-Chun; Lin, Tai-Yuan; Lin, Yu-Shen; Chen, Chao-Tsen; Chang, Huan-Tsung


    We have employed mannose-modified gold nanodots (Man-Au NDs) as a luminescence sensor for the detection of the thyroid-cancer marker thyroglobulin (Tg) in homogeneous solutions. The luminescent Man-Au NDs are prepared through the reaction of 2.9 nm-diameter gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with 11-mercapto-3,6,9-trioxaundecyl-alpha-D-mannopyranoside (Man-RSH) under the irradiation of a light-emitting diode (LED). We have found that the irradiation enhances the quantum yield (approximately 11%), alters the emission wavelength and lifetimes, and shortens the preparation time. A luminescence assay has been developed for Tg based on the competition between Tg and Man-Au NDs for the interaction with the concanavalin A (Con A). Because luminescence quenching of the Man-Au NDs by Con A is inhibited by Tg selectivity, we have obtained a highly sensitive and selective assay for Tg.

  4. A Comprehensive Strategy to Boost the Quantum Yield of Luminescence of Europium Complexes (United States)

    Lima, Nathalia B. D.; Gonçalves, Simone M. C.; Júnior, Severino A.; Simas, Alfredo M.


    Lanthanide luminescence has many important applications in anion sensing, protein recognition, nanosized phosphorescent devices, optoelectronic devices, immunoassays, etc. Luminescent europium complexes, in particular, act as light conversion molecular devices by absorbing ultraviolet (UV) light and by emitting light in the red visible spectral region. The quantum yield of luminescence is defined as the ratio of the number of photons emitted over the number of UV photons absorbed. The higher the quantum yield of luminescence, the higher the sensitivity of the application. Here we advance a conjecture that allows the design of europium complexes with higher values of quantum yields by simply increasing the diversity of good ligands coordinated to the lanthanide ion. Indeed, for the studied cases, the percent boost obtained on the quantum yield proved to be strong: of up to 81%, accompanied by faster radiative rate constants, since the emission becomes less forbidden. PMID:23928866

  5. Synthesis and luminescence properties of 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl derivatives and their europium complexes. (United States)

    Guo, Dongcai; He, Wei; Liu, Bang; Gou, Lining; Li, Ruixia


    Six novel 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl derivatives were synthesized and characterized by (1) H-NMR, mass spectrometry, infrared spectra and elemental analysis. Their europium complexes were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, EDTA titrimetric analysis, IR and UV spectra as well as molar conductivity measurements. The luminescence properties of these complexes were investigated and results show that 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl derivatives possess high selectivity and good coordination with the europium ion. Complex Eu-2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl-2-phenylacetate showed green luminescence that was emitted by the ligand of 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl-2-phenylacetate, while other complexes showed the characteristic red luminescence of europium ion and also possessed high luminescence intensity. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Power-dependent upconversion luminescence intensity in NaYF4,Yb3+,Er3+ nanoparticles (United States)

    Li, A. H.; Lü, Q.


    The knowledge of the power density for which luminescence intensity reversal begins with power increase is of valuable importance for practical applications. Under 980 nm CW diode laser excitation, the maximum upconversion luminescence intensities were obtained at 4800, 5700, and 7100 W/cm2 for 2H9/2→4I15/2, 2H11/2&4S3/2→4I15/2, and 4F9/2→4I15/2 transition luminescences, respectively, in compact powder composed by cubic-phase NaYF4: Yb3+,Er3+ nanoparticles with a most probable diameter of ~46 nm. It was revealed experimentally that the reversal power density decreases as luminescent level rises. Excitation increase combined with radiative quantum efficiency decrease as power increase can reproduce this "n"-shape power dependence relationship.

  7. Identifying well-bleached quartz using the different bleaching rates of quartz and feldspar luminescence signals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murray, A.S.; Thomsen, Kristina Jørkov; Masuda, N.


    When dating older sedimentary deposits using quartz, there are no unambiguous methods for identifying the presence of incomplete bleaching. Current statistical analysis of dose distributions depends entirely on the assumption that incomplete bleaching and mixing are the main causes of any excess...... dispersion in the distribution; the only existing way to test this assumption is using independent age control. Here we suggest a new approach to this question, based on the differential bleaching rates of quartz and feldspar luminescence signals. We first present data that confirm the differences...... in relative bleaching rates of quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and feldspar luminescence stimulated at 50 °C by infrared light (IR50) and feldspar luminescence stimulated at 290 °C by infrared light after a stimulation at 50 °C (pIRIR290), and use recently deposited samples to determine...

  8. Luminescence evolution from alumina ceramic surface before flashover under direct and alternating current voltage in vacuum

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Su, Guo-Qiang; Wang, Yi-Bo; Song, Bai-Peng; Mu, Hai-Bao; Zhang, Guan-Jun; Li, Feng; Wang, Meng


    The luminescence evolution phenomena from alumina ceramic surface in vacuum under high voltage of direct and alternating current are reported, with the voltage covering a large range from far below...

  9. Preparation and determination of the luminescent characteristics of ZrO{sub 2} in powder; Preparacion y determinacion de las caracteristicas luminiscentes del ZrO{sub 2} en polvo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera M, T. [ESIME-IPN Unidad Culhuacan Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Olvera T, L.; Azorin N, J.; Soto E, A.M.; Velazquez O, C.; Campero C, A. [UAM-I, 09340 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)


    In this work the luminescent characteristics of the ZrO{sub 2} are presented using the method of Thermally Stimulated Luminescence (TSL), also called thermoluminescence (Tl). The powders of ZrO{sub 2} were obtained by two preparation methods: for precipitation and for evaporation of Sol-gel. The luminescent characteristics of the ZrO{sub 2} are determined using a lamp of radiation of UV light and a radiation source of beta particles of {sup 90}Sr/{sup 90}Y. Using the method of thermal stimulation the curve representative thermoluminescent of the previously irradiated material was obtained. The curve Tl of the ZrO{sub 2} irradiated with UV light presents a maximum in 180 C. Likewise, the spectrum of the curve Tl of the ZrO{sub 2} irradiated with particles beta presents a maximum centered in 181 C. While using gamma radiation like excitement source one has a spectrum with a peak centered in 184 C. When subjecting the materials obtained by sol-gel to a process of calcination at 1000 C for 24 hours a curved Tl it presents with two maxim in 185 and in 290 C respectively. The intensity of the response induced in the material it is a decisive factor to continue studying the dosimetric characteristics of the ZrO{sub 2} what allows to consider it as a potential material to use it in the beta particle dosimetry and of the UV light using the thermoluminescence method (Tl). (Author)

  10. Fluorescence/luminescence circadian imaging of complex tissues at single-cell resolution. (United States)

    Sellix, Michael T; Currie, Jake; Menaker, Michael; Wijnen, Herman


    The use of luciferase reporter genes together with luminescence detection has enabled high frequency monitoring of molecular circadian clock function in living tissues. With the help of an intensified CCD camera combined with an inverted epifluorescence microscope, the authors have established a new imaging strategy that makes use of transgenic cell type-specific expression of fluorescent proteins to identify cells of interest for subsequent circadian luminescence recording at single-cell resolution.

  11. Spectral-Luminescence Characteristics of Laser Dyes in a Calcined Xerogel (United States)

    Bezkrovnaya, O. N.; Maslov, V. V.; Pritula, I. M.; Yurkevych, A. G.; Chayka, M. A.; Gurkalenko, Yu. A.; Pereverzev, N. V.


    Spectral and luminescence characteristics of three laser dyes incorporated into xerogel matrices preliminarily calcined under 700oC were studied in the spectral range of 600-700 nm. A stabilizing effect of these matrices on the dye molecules in the S1 exited state was revealed. This effect manifested in decreasing nonradiative losses in this state and increasing the quantum yield of the dye luminescence in a calcined xerogel as compared with methanol.

  12. Preparation of ZnO nanoparticles showing upconversion luminescence through simple chemical method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anjana, R.; Subha, P. P.; Markose, Kurias K.; Jayaraj, M. K., E-mail: [Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India-682022 (India)


    Upconversion luminescence is an interesting area while considering its applications in a vast variety of fields. Rare earth ions like erbium is the most studied and efficient candidate for achieving upconversion. Erbium and ytterbium co-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared through co-precipitation method. A strong red emission has been obtained while exciting with 980 nm laser. Dependence of luminescence emission colour on ytterbium concentration has been studied.

  13. Effective Detection of Mycotoxins by a Highly Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework


    Hu, Z; Lustig, WP; Zhang, J; Zheng, C; Wang, H; Teat, SJ; Gong, Q; Rudd, ND; Li, J


    © 2015 American Chemical Society.We designed and synthesized a new luminescent metal-organic framework (LMOF). LMOF-241 is highly porous and emits strong blue light with high efficiency. We demonstrate for the first time that very fast and extremely sensitive optical detection can be achieved, making use of the fluorescence quenching of an LMOF material. The compound is responsive to Aflatoxin B1 at parts per billion level, which makes it the best performing luminescence-based chemical sensor...

  14. Transparent and luminescent ionogels composed of Eu(3+)-coordinated ionic liquids and poly(methyl methacrylate). (United States)

    Zhou, Fan; Wang, Tianren; Li, Zhiqiang; Wang, Yige


    We report here on transparent and luminescent ionogels that consist of ionic ternary europium (III) complexes and the inexpensive non-toxic compound, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and that were formed by dissolving these complexes in methacrylate (MMA) monomers followed by in situ polymerization. The resulting ionogels show a bright red emission under near-UV light irradiation. Luminescence data confirm the energy transfer from terpyridine-functionalized ionic liquid to Eu(3+) ions. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Luminescence imaging of water during proton-beam irradiation for range estimation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamamoto, Seiichi, E-mail:; Okumura, Satoshi; Komori, Masataka [Radiological and Medical Laboratory Sciences, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan); Toshito, Toshiyuki [Department of Proton Therapy Physics, Nagoya Proton Therapy Center, Nagoya City West Medical Center, Nagoya 462-8508 (Japan)


    Purpose: Proton therapy has the ability to selectively deliver a dose to the target tumor, so the dose distribution should be accurately measured by a precise and efficient method. The authors found that luminescence was emitted from water during proton irradiation and conjectured that this phenomenon could be used for estimating the dose distribution. Methods: To achieve more accurate dose distribution, the authors set water phantoms on a table with a spot scanning proton therapy system and measured the luminescence images of these phantoms with a high-sensitivity, cooled charge coupled device camera during proton-beam irradiation. The authors imaged the phantoms of pure water, fluorescein solution, and an acrylic block. Results: The luminescence images of water phantoms taken during proton-beam irradiation showed clear Bragg peaks, and the measured proton ranges from the images were almost the same as those obtained with an ionization chamber. Furthermore, the image of the pure-water phantom showed almost the same distribution as the tap-water phantom, indicating that the luminescence image was not related to impurities in the water. The luminescence image of the fluorescein solution had ∼3 times higher intensity than water, with the same proton range as that of water. The luminescence image of the acrylic phantom had a 14.5% shorter proton range than that of water; the proton range in the acrylic phantom generally matched the calculated value. The luminescence images of the tap-water phantom during proton irradiation could be obtained in less than 2 s. Conclusions: Luminescence imaging during proton-beam irradiation is promising as an effective method for range estimation in proton therapy.

  16. Luminescent microporous metal-organic framework with functional Lewis basic sites on the pore surface: Quantifiable evaluation of luminescent sensing mechanisms towards Fe3+ (United States)

    Jin, Jun-Cheng; Guo, Rui-Li; Zhang, Wen-Yan; Jiang, Chen; Wang, Yao-Yu


    A systematic study has been conducted on a novel luminescent metal-organic framework, {[Zn(bpyp)(L-OH)]·DMF·2H2O}n (1), to explore its sensing mechanisms to Fe3+. Structure analyses show that compound 1 exist pyridine N atoms and -OH groups on the pore surface for specific sensing of metal ions via Lewis acid-base interactions. On this consideration, the quenching mechanisms are studied and the processes are controlled by multiple mechanisms in which dynamic and static mechanisms are calculated, achieving the quantification evaluation of the quenching process. This work not only achieves the quantitative evaluation of the luminescence quenching but also provides certain insights into the quenching process, and the possible mechanisms explored in this work may inspire future research and design of target luminescent metal-organic frameworks (LMOFs) with specific functions.

  17. Optical imaging as an expansion of nuclear medicine: Cerenkov-based luminescence vs fluorescence-based luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chin, Patrick T.K.; Welling, Mick M.; Leeuwen, Fijs W.B. van [Leiden University Medical Center, Interventional Molecular Imaging Laboratory, Department of Radiology, P.O. Box 9600, Leiden (Netherlands); Meskers, Stefan C.J. [Eindhoven University of Technology, Molecular Materials and Nanosystems, P.O. Box 513, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Valdes Olmos, Renato A. [Leiden University Medical Center, Interventional Molecular Imaging Laboratory, Department of Radiology, P.O. Box 9600, Leiden (Netherlands); Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Tanke, Hans [Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, P.O. Box 9600, Leiden (Netherlands)


    Integration of optical imaging technologies can further strengthen the field of radioguided surgery. Rather than using two separate chemical entities to achieve this extension, hybrid imaging agents can be used that contain both radionuclear and optical properties. Two types of such hybrid imaging agents are available: (1) hybrid imaging agents generated by Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) of {beta}-emitters and (2) hybrid imaging agents that contain both a radioactive moiety and a fluorescent dye. One major challenge clinicians are now facing is to determine the potential value of these approaches. With this tutorial review we intend to clarify the differences between the two approaches and highlight the clinical potential of hybrid imaging during image-guided surgery applications. (orig.)

  18. Electrochemical luminescence determination of hyperin using a sol-gel@graphene luminescent composite film modified electrode for solid phase microextraction (United States)

    Zou, Xiaojun; Shang, Fang; Wang, Sui


    In this paper, a novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor of sol-gel@graphene luminescent composite film modified electrode for hyperin determination was prepared using graphene (G) as solid-phase microextraction (SPME) material, based on selective preconcentration of target onto an electrode and followed by luminol ECL detection. Hyperin was firstly extracted from aqueous solution through the modified GCE. Hydrogel, electrogenerated chemiluminescence reagents, pH of working solution, extraction time and temperature and scan rate were discussed. Under the optimum conditions, the change of ECL intensity was in proportion to the concentration of hyperin in the range of 0.02-0.24 μg/mL with a detection limit of 0.01 μg/mL. This method showed good performance in stability, reproducibility and precision for the determination of hyperin.

  19. Optical imaging as an expansion of nuclear medicine: Cerenkov-based luminescence vs fluorescence-based luminescence. (United States)

    Chin, Patrick T K; Welling, Mick M; Meskers, Stefan C J; Valdes Olmos, Renato A; Tanke, Hans; van Leeuwen, Fijs W B


    Integration of optical imaging technologies can further strengthen the field of radioguided surgery. Rather than using two separate chemical entities to achieve this extension, hybrid imaging agents can be used that contain both radionuclear and optical properties. Two types of such hybrid imaging agents are available: (1) hybrid imaging agents generated by Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) of β-emitters and (2) hybrid imaging agents that contain both a radioactive moiety and a fluorescent dye. One major challenge clinicians are now facing is to determine the potential value of these approaches. With this tutorial review we intend to clarify the differences between the two approaches and highlight the clinical potential of hybrid imaging during image-guided surgery applications.

  20. X-ray excited luminescence of polystyrene composites loaded with SrF{sub 2} nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demkiv, T.M.; Halyatkin, O.O.; Vistovskyy, V.V. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8a Kyryla i Mefodiya St., 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Hevyk, V.B. [Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, 15 Karpatska St., 76019 Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukraine); Yakibchuk, P.M. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8a Kyryla i Mefodiya St., 79005 Lviv (Ukraine); Gektin, A.V. [Institute for Scintillation Materials, NAS of Ukraine, 60 Lenina Ave, 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Voloshinovskii, A.S. [Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 8a Kyryla i Mefodiya St., 79005 Lviv (Ukraine)


    The polystyrene film nanocomposites of 0.3 mm thickness with embedded SrF{sub 2} nanoparticles up to 40 wt% have been synthesized. The luminescent and kinetic properties of the polystyrene composites with embedded SrF{sub 2} nanoparticles upon the pulse X-ray excitation have been investigated. The luminescence intensity of the pure polystyrene scintillator film significantly increases when it is loaded with the inorganic SrF{sub 2} nanoparticles. The film nanocomposites show fast (∼2.8 ns) and slow (∼700 ns) luminescence decay components typical for a luminescence of polystyrene activators (p-Terphenyl and POPOP) and SrF{sub 2} nanoparticles, respectively. It is revealed that the fast decay luminescence component of the polystyrene composites is caused by the excitation of polystyrene by the photoelectrons escaped from the nanoparticles due to photoeffect, and the slow component is caused by reabsorption of the self-trapped exciton luminescence of SrF{sub 2} nanoparticles by polystyrene.