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Sample records for sub-5 fs laser

  1. Analysis of laser energy deposition leading to damage and ablation of HfO{sub 2} and Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} single layers submitted to 500 fs pulses at 1030 and 343 nm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douti, Dam-Be; Begou, Thomas; Lemarchand, Fabien; Lumeau, Julien; Commandre, Mireille; Gallais, Laurent [Aix-Marseille Universite, CNRS, Centrale Marseille, Institut Fresnel UMR 7249, Marseille (France)

    2016-07-15

    Laser- induced damage thresholds and morphologies of laser ablated sites on dielectric thin films are studied based on experiments and simulations. The films are single layers of hafnia and niobia deposited on fused silica substrates with a magnetron sputtering technique. Laser experiments are conducted with 500 fs pulses at 1030 and 343 nm, and the irradiated sites are characterized with optical profilometry and scanning electron microscopy. The results, i.e., LIDT and damage morphologies, are compared to simulations of energy deposition in the films based on the single rate equation for electron excitation, taking into account transient optical properties of the films during the pulse. The results suggest that a critical absorbed energy as a damage criterion gives consistent results both with the measured LIDT and the observed damage morphologies at fluences close to the damage threshold. Based on the numerical and experimental results, the determined LIDT evolution with the wavelength is described as nearly constant in the near-infrared region, and as rapidly decreasing with laser wavelength in the visible and near-ultraviolet regions. (orig.)

  2. 40-fs hydrogen Raman laser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Didenko, N V; Konyashchenko, A V; Kostryukov, P V; Losev, L L; Pazyuk, V S [P N Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Tenyakov, S Yu [Avesta Ltd., Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation); Molchanov, V Ya; Chizhikov, S I; Yushkov, K B [National University of Science and Technology ' MISIS' , Acoustooptical Research Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2015-12-31

    40-fs first Stokes pulses at a wavelength of 1.2 μm were generated in a hydrogen SRS-converter pumped by orthogonally polarised double chirped pulses of a Ti : sapphire laser. To obtain a Stokes pulse close to a transform-limited one, a programmed acousto-optic dispersive delay line was placed between the master oscillator and regenerative amplifier. The energy efficiency of Stokes radiation conversion reached 22%. (lasers)

  3. 40-fs hydrogen Raman laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Didenko, N V; Konyashchenko, A V; Kostryukov, P V; Losev, L L; Pazyuk, V S; Tenyakov, S Yu; Molchanov, V Ya; Chizhikov, S I; Yushkov, K B

    2015-01-01

    40-fs first Stokes pulses at a wavelength of 1.2 μm were generated in a hydrogen SRS-converter pumped by orthogonally polarised double chirped pulses of a Ti : sapphire laser. To obtain a Stokes pulse close to a transform-limited one, a programmed acousto-optic dispersive delay line was placed between the master oscillator and regenerative amplifier. The energy efficiency of Stokes radiation conversion reached 22%. (lasers)

  4. Fs-laser processing of polydimethylsiloxane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atanasov, Petar A., E-mail: paatanas@ie.bas.bg; Nedyalkov, Nikolay N. [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsarigradsko Shose, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Valova, Eugenia I.; Georgieva, Zhenya S.; Armyanov, Stefan A.; Kolev, Konstantin N. [Rostislaw Kaischew Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 11, Sofia 1113 (Bulgaria); Amoruso, Salvatore; Wang, Xuan; Bruzzese, Ricardo [CNR-SPIN, Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Sawczak, Miroslaw; Śliwiński, Gerard [Photophysics Department, The Szewalski Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, 14 Fiszera St, 80-231 Gdańsk (Poland)

    2014-07-14

    We present an experimental analysis on surface structuring of polydimethylsiloxane films with UV (263 nm) femtosecond laser pulses, in air. Laser processed areas are analyzed by optical microscopy, SEM, and μ-Raman spectroscopy. The laser-treated sample shows the formation of a randomly nanostructured surface morphology. μ-Raman spectra, carried out at both 514 and 785 nm excitation wavelengths, prior and after laser treatment allow evidencing the changes in the sample structure. The influence of the laser fluence on the surface morphology is studied. Finally, successful electro-less metallization of the laser-processed sample is achieved, even after several months from the laser-treatment contrary to previous observation with nanosecond pulses. Our findings address the effectiveness of fs-laser treatment and chemical metallization of polydimethylsiloxane films with perspective technological interest in micro-fabrication devices for MEMS and nano-electromechanical systems.

  5. Laser impulse coupling at 130 fs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phipps, C.; Luke, J.; Funk, D.; Moore, D.; Glownia, J.; Lippert, T.

    2006-01-01

    We measured the momentum coupling coefficient C m and laser-generated ion drift velocity and temperature in the femtosecond (fs) region, over a laser intensity range from ablation threshold to about one hundred times threshold. Targets were several pure metals and three organic compounds. The organic compounds were exothermic polymers specifically developed for the micro-laser plasma thruster, and two of these used 'tuned absorbers' rather than carbon particles for laser absorption. The metals ranged from Li to W in atomic weight. We measured time of flight (TOF) profiles for ions. Specific impulse reached record values for this type of measurement and ablation efficiency was near 100%. These measurements extend the laser pulsewidth three orders of magnitude downward in pulsewidth relative to previous reports. Over this range, we found C m to be essentially constant. Ion velocity ranged from 60 to 180 km/s

  6. Fs-laser processing of medical grade polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atanasov, P.A., E-mail: paatanas@ie.bas.bg [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsaridradsko shose Blvd., Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Stankova, N.E.; Nedyalkov, N.N. [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsaridradsko shose Blvd., Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Fukata, N. [International Centre for Materials for NanoArchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Hirsch, D.; Rauschenbach, B. [Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification (IOM), Permoserstrasse 15, D-04318 Leipzig (Germany); Amoruso, S.; Wang, X. [Dipartimento di Fisica Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II and CNR-SPIN, Complesso Universitario di Monte S.Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Kolev, K.N.; Valova, E.I.; Georgieva, J.S.; Armyanov, St.A. [Rostislaw Kaischew Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 11, Sofia 1113 (Bulgaria)

    2016-06-30

    Highlights: • Fs-laser (263, 527 and 1055 nm) processing of PDMS-elastomer is studied. • High quality trenches are produced on the PDMS surface. • The trenches are analyzed by Laser Microscope and by μ-Raman spectrometry. • Selective Ni metallization of the trenches is accomplished via electro-less plating. • The metalized trenches are studied by SEM. - Abstract: Medical grade polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer is a biomaterial widely used in medicine and high-tech devices, e.g. MEMS and NEMS. In this work, we report an experimental investigation on femtosecond laser processing of PDMS-elastomer with near infrared (NIR), visible (VIS) and ultraviolet (UV) pulses. High definition trenches are produced by varying processing parameters as laser wavelength, pulse duration, fluence, scanning speed and overlap of the subsequent pulses. The sample surface morphology and chemical composition are investigated by Laser Microscopy, SEM and Raman spectroscopy, addressing the effects of the various processing parameters through comparison with the native materials characteristics. For all the laser pulse wavelengths used, the produced tracks are successfully metalized with Ni via electro-less plating method. We observe a negligible influence of the time interval elapsed between laser treatment and metallization process. Our experimental findings suggest promising perspectives of femtosecond laser pulses in micro- and nano-fabrication of hi-tech PDMS devices.

  7. 408-fs SESAM mode locked Cr:ZnSe laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bu, Xiangbao; Shi, Yuhang; Xu, Jia; Li, Huijuan; Wang, Pu

    2018-01-01

    We report self-starting femtosecond operation of a 127-MHz SESAM mode locked Cr:ZnSe laser around 2420 nm. A thulium doped double clad fiber laser at 1908 nm was used as the pumping source. In the normal dispersion regime, stable pulse pairs with constant phase differences in the multipulse regime were observed. The maximum output power was 342 mW with respect to incident pump power of 4.8 W and the corresponding slope efficiency was 10.4%. By inserting a piece of sapphire plate, dispersion compensation was achieved and the intra-cavity dispersion was moved to the anomalous regime. A maximum output power of 403 mW was obtained and the corresponding slope efficiency was 12.2%. Pulse width was measured to be 408 fs by a collinear autocorrelator using two-photon absorption in an InGaAs photodiode. The laser spectrum in multipulse operation showed a clear periodic modulation.

  8. Comparison of retina damage thresholds simulating the femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis (fs-LASIK) process with two laser systems in the CW- and fs-regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, M.; Minet, O.; Zabarylo, U.; Müller, M.; Tetz, M. R.

    2012-04-01

    The femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis procedure affords the opportunity to correct ametropia by cutting transparent corneal tissue with ultra-short laser pulses. Thereby the tissue cut is generated by a laser-induced optical breakdown in the cornea with ultra-short laser pulses in the near-infrared range. Compared to standard procedures such as photorefractive keratectomy and laser in-situ keratomileusis with the excimer laser, where the risk potential for the eye is low due to the complete absorption of ultraviolet irradiation from corneal tissue, only a certain amount of the pulse energy is deposited in the cornea during the fs-LASIK process. The remaining energy propagates through the eye and interacts with the retina and the strong absorbing tissue layers behind. The objective of the presented study was to determine and compare the retina damage thresholds during the fs-LASIK process simulated with two various laser systems in the CW- and fs-regime.

  9. Spectral broadening of 25 fs laser pulses via self-phase modulation in a neon filled hollow core fibre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weichert, Stefan

    2017-05-15

    The goal of this work was the realisation of a setup for spectral broadening and subsequent compression of 25 fs laser pulses provided by a commercial Ti:Sapphire based CPA laser system by means of the hollow core fibre chirped mirror compressor technique. For the spectral broadening a vessel containing the hollow waveguide filled with a noble gas serving as the nonlinear medium was set up and an alignment procedure was developed. Neon was chosen as the nonlinear medium for the self-phase modulation of the pulses. With this setup spectral broadening, sufficient for supporting sub 5 fs pulses, was observed. The spectra at different input energies and neon gas pressures were measured and the stability of these and their respective Fourier transform-limited pulses determined in order to find an operating point. For the compression of the self-phase modulated pulses a chirped mirror compressor was designed and set up, but not tested yet. The layout of a single-shot intensity autocorrelator capable of estimating the pulse duration of sub 10 fs pulses was given.

  10. Spectral broadening of 25 fs laser pulses via self-phase modulation in a neon filled hollow core fibre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weichert, Stefan

    2017-05-01

    The goal of this work was the realisation of a setup for spectral broadening and subsequent compression of 25 fs laser pulses provided by a commercial Ti:Sapphire based CPA laser system by means of the hollow core fibre chirped mirror compressor technique. For the spectral broadening a vessel containing the hollow waveguide filled with a noble gas serving as the nonlinear medium was set up and an alignment procedure was developed. Neon was chosen as the nonlinear medium for the self-phase modulation of the pulses. With this setup spectral broadening, sufficient for supporting sub 5 fs pulses, was observed. The spectra at different input energies and neon gas pressures were measured and the stability of these and their respective Fourier transform-limited pulses determined in order to find an operating point. For the compression of the self-phase modulated pulses a chirped mirror compressor was designed and set up, but not tested yet. The layout of a single-shot intensity autocorrelator capable of estimating the pulse duration of sub 10 fs pulses was given.

  11. Preparation of high laser-induced damage threshold Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Cheng, E-mail: xucheng@cumt.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Yi, Peng; Fan, Heliang; Qi, Jianwei; Yang, Shuai; Qiang, Yinghuai; Liu, Jiongtian [School of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Li, Dawei [Key Laboratory of High Power Laser Materials, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2014-08-01

    High laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films were prepared by the sol–gel method using TaCl{sub 5} as a new precursor. The optical properties, surface morphologies, chemical composition, absorption and LIDT of the films were investigated. The results showed that the transparent and homogenous Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films had small surface roughness, low absorption and high LIDT even with large number of layers. The maximum LIDT at 1064 nm and 12 ns of the films was 24.8 J/cm{sup 2}. The ion chromatograph and Fourier transform infrared spectrum were used to reveal the functions of the addition of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} in the sol formation. It was shown that H{sub 2}O{sub 2} had two important functions, which were the decrease of Cl element content and the rapid generation of tantalum oxide. The high LIDT achieved was mainly due to the nearly free of defects in the films.

  12. High incidence of rainbow glare after femtosecond laser assisted-LASIK using the upgraded FS200 femtosecond laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yu; Chen, Yue-Guo

    2018-03-05

    To compare the incidence of rainbow glare (RG) after femtosecond laser assisted-LASIK (FS-LASIK) using the upgraded FS200 femtosecond laser with different flap cut parameter settings. A consecutive series of 129 patients (255 eyes) who underwent FS-LASIK for correcting myopia and/or astigmatism using upgraded WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser with the original settings was included in group A. Another consecutive series of 129 patients (255 eyes) who underwent FS-LASIK using upgraded WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser with flap cut parameter settings changed (decreased pulse energy, spot and line separation) was included in group B. The incidence and fading time of RG, confocal microscopic image and postoperative clinical results were compared between the two groups. There were no differences between the two groups in age, baseline refraction, excimer laser ablation depth, postoperative uncorrected visual acuity and refraction. The incidence rate of RG in group A (35/255, 13.73%) was significantly higher than that in group B (4/255, 1.57%) (P  0.05).The confocal microscopic images showed wider laser spot spacing in group A than group B. The incidence of RG was significantly correlated with age and grouping (P laser with original flap cut parameter settings could increase the incidence of RG. The narrower grating size and lower pulse energy could ameliorate this side effect.

  13. A 20fs synchronization system for lasers and cavities in accelerators and FELs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, R. B.; Byrd, J. M.; Doolittle, L. R.; Huang, G.; Staples, J. W.

    2010-02-01

    A fiber-optic RF distribution system has been developed for synchronizing lasers and RF plants in short pulse FELs. Typical requirements are 50-100fs rms over time periods from 1ms to several hours. Our system amplitude modulates a CW laser signal, senses fiber length using an interferometer, and feed-forward corrects the RF phase digitally at the receiver. We demonstrate less than 15fs rms error over 12 hours, between two independent channels with a fiber path length difference of 200m and transmitting S-band RF. The system is constructed using standard telecommunications components, and uses regular telecom fiber.

  14. Sapphire capillaries for laser-driven wakefield acceleration in plasma. Fs-laser micromachining and characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schwinkendorf, Jan-Patrick

    2012-05-01

    Plasma wakefields are a promising approach for the acceleration of electrons with ultrahigh (10 to 100 GV/m) electric fields. Nowadays, high-intensity laser pulses are routinely utilized to excite these large-amplitude plasma waves. However, several detrimental effects such as laser diffraction, electron-wake dephasing and laser depletion may terminate the acceleration process. Two of these phenomena can be mitigated or avoided by the application of capillary waveguides, e.g. fabricated out of sapphire for longevity. Capillaries may compensate for laser diffraction like a fiber and allow for the creation of tapered gas-density profiles working against the dephasing between the accelerating wave and the particles. Additionally, they offer the possibility of controlled particle injection. This thesis is reporting on the set up of a laser for fs-micromachining of capillaries of almost arbitrary shapes and a test stand for density-profile characterization. These devices will permit the creation of tailored gas-density profiles for controlled electron injection and acceleration inside plasma.

  15. Sapphire capillaries for laser-driven wakefield acceleration in plasma. Fs-laser micromachining and characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwinkendorf, Jan-Patrick

    2012-08-15

    Plasma wakefields are a promising approach for the acceleration of electrons with ultrahigh (10 to 100 GV/m) electric fields. Nowadays, high-intensity laser pulses are routinely utilized to excite these large-amplitude plasma waves. However, several detrimental effects such as laser diffraction, electron-wake dephasing and laser depletion may terminate the acceleration process. Two of these phenomena can be mitigated or avoided by the application of capillary waveguides, e.g. fabricated out of sapphire for longevity. Capillaries may compensate for laser diffraction like a fiber and allow for the creation of tapered gas-density profiles working against the dephasing between the accelerating wave and the particles. Additionally, they offer the possibility of controlled particle injection. This thesis is reporting on the set up of a laser for fs-micromachining of capillaries of almost arbitrary shapes and a test stand for density-profile characterization. These devices will permit the creation of tailored gas-density profiles for controlled electron injection and acceleration inside plasma.

  16. Coulomb explosion of H2 induced by a sub-10 fs intense laser pulse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saugout, S.

    2006-12-01

    This work presents an experimental and theoretical study of the interaction of H2 with an intense sub-10 fs-laser pulse. The ejection of the two electrons of the molecule by the laser pulse leads to the fragmentation of the physical sys em in two protons. This process is called Coulomb Explosion. The electronic and nuclear dynamics can be analyzed by measuring the kinetic energy spectra as a function of different laser parameters. This dynamics is also analyzed through a non-perturbative, double active electron theoretical model, based on the resolution of the time dependent Schroedinger equation. In this model, the internuclear distance is treated as a quantum variable. The experimental and theoretical results enlight the translation of the kinetic energy spectra towards a higher energy when the pulse duration decreases. Experimentally, laser pulses from 40 to 10 fs were used and down to 1 fs using theoretical simulations. This study shows that, for laser pulses shorter than 4 fs, the carrier envelope phase becomes a crucial parameter. Furthermore, the molecular dynamics of H2 in intense laser field is sensitive to the peak intensity of the pulse. The experimental and theoretical results show that, as the intensity increases, the kinetic energy spectra are centered around a higher energy. In addition, the presence of two double ionization regimes is theoretically demonstrated for a pulse duration of 4 fs. The H 2 molecule is also sensitive to the temporal shape of the laser pulse. This sensitivity allows for the detection of pre- or post-pulses by measuring the experimental kinetic energy spectra. Finally, the different double ionization processes are studied. The results show that the electron rescattering influences the femtosecond nuclear dynamics. (author)

  17. Coatings synthesised by the pulsed laser ablation of a B{sub 4}C/W{sub 2}B{sub 5} ceramic composite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tadadjeu Sokeng, I., E-mail: ifriky@tlabs.ac.za [Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, French South African Institute of Technology/Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Bellville campus, PO Box 1906, Bellville, 7530 (South Africa); Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, 1 Old Faure Road, 7129, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province (South Africa); UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa (UNISA), Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria (South Africa); Ngom, B.D. [Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, 1 Old Faure Road, 7129, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province (South Africa); UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa (UNISA), Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria (South Africa); Laboratoire de Photonique et de Nanofrabrication, Groupes de physique du Solide et Sciences des Matriaux (GPSSM), Facult des sciences et Techniques Universit Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD), B.P. 25114 Dakar, Fann Dakar (Senegal); Msimanga, M. [iThemba LABS Gauten, Private Bag 11, WITS 2050 Johannesburg (South Africa); Nuru, Z.Y.; Kotsedi, L.; Maaza, M. [Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, 1 Old Faure Road, 7129, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province (South Africa); UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa (UNISA), Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria (South Africa); Van Zyl, R.R. [Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, French South African Institute of Technology/Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Bellville campus, PO Box 1906, Bellville, 7530 (South Africa)

    2015-10-30

    A pellet of B{sub 4}C/W{sub 2}B{sub 5} ceramic composite was characterised and subjected to pulsed laser ablation for the deposition of coatings on corning glass substrates. We reports an attempt to produce coatings from B{sub 4}C/W{sub 2}B{sub 5} by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The thermal, electric and mechanical properties of B{sub 4}C/W{sub 2}B{sub 5} suggest that coatings synthesised from this composite can be used for space applications. The samples were characterised using X-ray Diffraction, Atomic Force Microscopy and Heavy Ion Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis. The characterisation of the samples deposited on soda lime corning glass showed that the laser energy used in this PLD was enough to obtain non amorphous coatings formed by some alteration of the tungsten carbide crystal lattice at room temperature, and that there was no stoichiometry transfer as would be expected from PLD. The coating also showed space applicable features worth investigating. - Highlights: • B{sub 4}C/W{sub 2}B{sub 5} ceramic composite was ablated for deposition on corning glass subtrates. • Non-amorphous coating was obtained at room temperature. • There was no stoichiometry transfer as would be expected from Pulsed Laser Deposition.

  18. Modelling and optimisation of fs laser-produced Kα sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gibbon, P.; Masek, M.; Teubner, U.; Lu, W.; Nicoul, M.; Shymanovich, U.; Tarasevitch, A.; Zhou, P.; Sokolowski-Tinten, K.; Linde, D. von der

    2009-01-01

    Recent theoretical and numerical studies of laser-driven femtosecond K α sources are presented, aimed at understanding a recent experimental campaign to optimize emission from thin coating targets. Particular attention is given to control over the laser-plasma interaction conditions defined by the interplay between a controlled prepulse and the angle of incidence. It is found that the x-ray efficiency for poor-contrast laser systems in which a large preplasma is suspected can be enhanced by using a near-normal incidence geometry even at high laser intensities. With high laser contrast, similar efficiencies can be achieved by going to larger incidence angles, but only at the expense of larger X-ray spot size. New developments in three-dimensional modelling are also reported with the goal of handling interactions with geometrically complex targets and finite resistivity. (orig.)

  19. New class of compact diode pumped sub 10 fs lasers for biomedical applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le, T.; Mueller, A.; Sumpf, B.

    2016-01-01

    Diode-pumping Ti: sapphire lasers promises a new approach to low-cost femtosecond light sources. Thus in recent years much effort has been taken just to overcome the quite low power and low beam qualities of available green diodes to obtain output powers of several hundred milliwatts from a fs-la...

  20. Modelling and optimisation of fs laser-produced K (alpha) sources

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gibbon, P.; Mašek, Martin; Teubner, U.; Lu, W.; Nicoul, M.; Shymanovich, U.; Tarasevitch, A.; Zhou, P.; Sokolowski-Tinten, K.; von der Linde, D.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 96, č. 1 (2009), 23-31 ISSN 0947-8396 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC528 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100523 Keywords : fs laser-plasma interaction * K (alpha) sources * 3D numerical modelling Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics Impact factor: 1.595, year: 2009

  1. Sub-100 fs high average power directly blue-diode-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire oscillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrbacher, Andreas; Markovic, Vesna; Pallmann, Wolfgang; Resan, Bojan

    2016-03-01

    Ti:sapphire oscillators are a proven technology to generate sub-100 fs (even sub-10 fs) pulses in the near infrared and are widely used in many high impact scientific fields. However, the need for a bulky, expensive and complex pump source, typically a frequency-doubled multi-watt neodymium or optically pumped semiconductor laser, represents the main obstacle to more widespread use. The recent development of blue diodes emitting over 1 W has opened up the possibility of directly diode-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire oscillators. Beside the lower cost and footprint, a direct diode pumping provides better reliability, higher efficiency and better pointing stability to name a few. The challenges that it poses are lower absorption of Ti:sapphire at available diode wavelengths and lower brightness compared to typical green pump lasers. For practical applications such as bio-medicine and nano-structuring, output powers in excess of 100 mW and sub-100 fs pulses are required. In this paper, we demonstrate a high average power directly blue-diode-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire oscillator without active cooling. The SESAM modelocking ensures reliable self-starting and robust operation. We will present two configurations emitting 460 mW in 82 fs pulses and 350 mW in 65 fs pulses, both operating at 92 MHz. The maximum obtained pulse energy reaches 5 nJ. A double-sided pumping scheme with two high power blue diode lasers was used for the output power scaling. The cavity design and the experimental results will be discussed in more details.

  2. Standard measurement procedures for the characterization of fs-laser optical components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starke, Kai; Ristau, Detlev; Welling, Herbert

    2003-05-01

    Ultra-short pulse laser systems are considered as promising tools in the fields of precise micro-machining and medicine applications. In the course of the development of reliable table top laser systems, a rapid growth of ultra-short pulse applications could be observed during the recent years. The key for improving the performance of high power laser systems is the quality of the optical components concerning spectral characteristics, optical losses and the power handling capability. In the field of ultra-short pulses, standard measurement procedures in quality management have to be validated in respect to effects induced by the extremely high peak power densities. The present work, which is embedded in the EUREKA-project CHOCLAB II, is predominantly concentrated on measuring the multiple-pulse LIDT (ISO 11254-2) in the fs-regime. A measurement facility based on a Ti:Sapphire-CPA system was developed to investigate the damage behavior of optical components. The set-up was supplied with an improved pulse energy detector discriminating the influence of pulse-to-pulse energy fluctuations on the incidence of damage. Aditionally, a laser-calorimetric measurement facility determining the absorption (ISO 11551) utilizing a fs-Ti:Sapphire laser was accomplished. The investigation for different pulse durations between 130 fs and 1 ps revealed a drastic increase of absorption in titania coatings for ultra-short pulses.

  3. Femtosecond (FS) laser vision correction procedure for moderate to high myopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Anders Højslet; Ivarsen, Anders; Asp, Sven

    2013-01-01

    Purpose:  To present our initial clinical experience with ReLEx(®) flex (ReLEx) for moderate to high myopia. We compare efficacy, safety and corneal higher-order aberrations after ReLEx with femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). Methods:  Prospective study of ReLEx compared...... with a retrospective study of FS-LASIK. ReLEx is a new keratorefractive procedure, where a stromal lenticule is cut by a femtosecond laser and manually extracted. Forty patients were treated with ReLEx on both eyes. A comparable group of 41 FS-LASIK patients were retrospectively identified. Visual acuity, spherical...... equivalent (SE) and corneal tomography were measured before and 3 months after surgery. Results:  Preoperative SE averaged -7.50 ± 1.16 D (ReLEx) and -7.32 ± 1.09 D (FS-LASIK). For all eyes, mean corrected distance visual acuity remained unchanged in both groups. For eyes with emmetropia as target refraction...

  4. Plasmonic angular tunability of gold nanoparticles generated by fs laser ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pace, M.L.; Guarnaccio, A.; Ranù, F. [CNR, ISM UOS Tito Scalo, Zona Industriale, Tito Scalo (PZ) 85050 (Italy); Trucchi, D. [CNR, ISM UOS Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29.300, Monterotondo Scalo, (RM) 00015 (Italy); Orlando, S., E-mail: stefano.orlando@ism.cnr.it [CNR, ISM UOS Tito Scalo, Zona Industriale, Tito Scalo (PZ) 85050 (Italy); Mollica, D.; Parisi, G.P. [CNR, ISM UOS Tito Scalo, Zona Industriale, Tito Scalo (PZ) 85050 (Italy); Medici, L.; Lettino, A. [CNR, IMAA, Area della Ricerca di Potenza -Zona Industriale, Tito Scalo, (PZ) 85050 (Italy); De Bonis, A.; Teghil, R. [Dipart. di Scienze,Università della Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, Potenza, 85100 (Italy); Santagata, A. [CNR, ISM UOS Tito Scalo, Zona Industriale, Tito Scalo (PZ) 85050 (Italy)

    2016-06-30

    Highlights: • fs pulsed laser ablation as a technique to produce nanoparticles. • Nanoparticle distribution as an evidence for plasmonic tunable resonances. • Correlation between angular distribution of deposited nanoparticles and specific plasmonic resonances. - Abstract: With the aim to study the influence of deposition parameters on the plasmonic properties of gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) deposited by ultra-short ablation, we have focused our attention in evaluating how their size distribution can be varied. In this work, the role played by the NPs’ angular distribution, agglomeration and growth is related to the resulting optical properties. UV–vis-NIR absorption spectra together with Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy and X-ray microdiffraction observations are presented in order to show how the angular distribution of fs laser ablation and deposition of Au NPs provides different plasmonic properties which can be beneficial for several aims, from optoelectronic to biosensor applications.

  5. Preliminary studies on fast particle diagnostics for the future fs-laser facility at PALS

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Margarone, Daniele; Krása, Josef; Láska, Leoš; Velyhan, Andriy; Mocek, Tomáš; Torrisi, L.; Ando, L.; Gammino, S.; Prokůpek, J.; Krouský, Eduard; Pfeifer, Miroslav; Ullschmied, Jiří; Rus, Bedřich

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 165, 6-10 (2010), s. 419-428 ISSN 1042-0150 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA100100715 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100523; CEZ:AV0Z20430508 Keywords : fs-laser plasma * electron streams * ion streams * electron spectrometer * ion collectors Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics Impact factor: 0.660, year: 2010

  6. Directed Acceleration of Electrons from a Solid Surface by Sub-10-fs Laser Pulses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brandl, F.; Hidding, B.; Osterholz, J.; Hemmers, D.; Pretzler, G.; Karmakar, A.; Pukhov, A.

    2009-01-01

    Electrons have been accelerated from solid target surfaces by sub-10-fs laser pulses of 120 μJ energy which were focused to an intensity of 2x10 16 W/cm 2 . The electrons have a narrow angular distribution, and their observed energies exceed 150 keV. We show that these energies are not to be attributed to collective plasma effects but are mainly gained directly via repeated acceleration in the transient field pattern created by incident and reflected laser, alternating with phase-shift-generating scattering events in the solid.

  7. Cracks growth behaviors of commercial pure titanium under nanosecond laser irradiation for formation of nanostructure-covered microstructures (with sub-5-μm)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, A. F.; Wang, W. J.; Mei, X. S.; Zheng, B. X.; Yan, Z. X.

    2016-11-01

    This study reported on the formation of sub-5-μm microstructures covered on titanium by cracks growth under 10-ns laser radiation at the wavelength of 532 nm and its induced light modification for production of nanostructures. The electric field intensity and laser power density absorbed by commercial pure titanium were computed to investigate the self-trapping introduced by cracks and the effect of surface morphology on laser propagation characteristics. It is found that nanostructures can form at the surface with the curvature radius below 20 μm. Meanwhile, variable laser fluences were applied to explore the evolution of cracks on commercial pure titanium with or without melt as spot overlap number increased. Experimental study was first performed at the peak laser fluence of 1.063 J/cm2 to investigate the microstructures induced only by cracks growth. The results demonstrated that angular microstructures with size between 1.68 μm and 4.74 μm was obtained and no nanostructure covered. Then, at the peak laser fluence of 2.126 J/cm2, there were some nanostructures covered on the melt-induced curved microstructured surface. However, surface molten material submerged in the most of cracks at the spot overlap number of 744, where the old cracks disappeared. The results indicated that there was too much molten material and melting time at the peak laser fluence of 2.126 J/cm2, which was not suitable for obtainment of perfect micro-nano structures. On this basis, peak laser fluence was reduced down to 1.595 J/cm2 and the sharp sub-5 μm microstructures with nanostructures covered was obtained at spot overlap number of 3720.

  8. A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yu, Zhenhua; Zhang, Xiao; Dong, Xinzheng; Tian, Jinrong; Song, Yanrong; Wang, Yonggang

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate a highly stable mode locked fiber laser based on single wall carbon nanotubes. The mode locking is achieved by the evanescent field interaction of the propagating light with a single wall carbon nanotube saturable absorber in a microfiber. The pulse width is 66 fs, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the shortest pulse achieved in a carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser. The maximum average output power is 26 mW, which is about 20 times larger than that of a typical carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser. The center of the wavelength is 1555 nm, with 54 nm spectral width. The repetition rate is 146 MHz. To investigate the laser’s stability, the output pulses are monitored for 120 h and there is no significant degradation of the laser spectral width or shape. (paper)

  9. All-PM monolithic fs Yb-fiber laser, dispersion-managed with all-solid photonic bandgap fiber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Xiaomin; Lægsgaard, Jesper; Turchinovich, Dmitry

    2009-01-01

    All-in-fiber SESAM-modelocked self-starting fiber laser is demonstrated. Cavity dispersion is managed by a spliced-in PM all-solid photonic bandgap fiber. The laser directly delivers 1.25 nJ pulses of 280 fs duration.......All-in-fiber SESAM-modelocked self-starting fiber laser is demonstrated. Cavity dispersion is managed by a spliced-in PM all-solid photonic bandgap fiber. The laser directly delivers 1.25 nJ pulses of 280 fs duration....

  10. Interaction mechanisms of cavitation bubbles induced by spatially and temporally separated fs-laser pulses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadine Tinne

    Full Text Available The emerging use of femtosecond lasers with high repetition rates in the MHz regime together with limited scan speed implies possible mutual optical and dynamical interaction effects of the individual cutting spots. In order to get more insight into the dynamics a time-resolved photographic analysis of the interaction of cavitation bubbles is presented. Particularly, we investigated the influence of fs-laser pulses and their resulting bubble dynamics with various spatial as well as temporal separations. Different time courses of characteristic interaction effects between the cavitation bubbles were observed depending on pulse energy and spatio-temporal pulse separation. These ranged from merely no interaction to the phenomena of strong water jet formation. Afterwards, the mechanisms are discussed regarding their impact on the medical application of effective tissue cutting lateral to the laser beam direction with best possible axial precision: the mechanical forces of photodisruption as well as the occurring water jet should have low axial extend and a preferably lateral priority. Furthermore, the overall efficiency of energy conversion into controlled mechanical impact should be maximized compared to the transmitted pulse energy and unwanted long range mechanical side effects, e.g. shock waves, axial jet components. In conclusion, these experimental results are of great importance for the prospective optimization of the ophthalmic surgical process with high-repetition rate fs-lasers.

  11. The analysis of low-energy ion from a gas-puff laser plasma. The observation of ablated particles from the silicon irradiated with a fs laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azuma, Hirozumi; Kamiya, Nobuyuki; Takeuchi, Akihiro; Ito, Tadashi; Suzuki, Noritomo; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Ogura, Kouichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; Hayashi, Yukio; Hazama, Hisanao

    2005-01-01

    The single-shot creation of tadpolelike silicon nanoparticles constructed with multi-crystalline heads and amorphous tails by a high brightness fs-pulse laser was demonstrated. This is also the first demonstration of the creation of a nanosized connection of multicrystalline silicon with amorphous silicon. This result should expand the creation of new materials by a laser ablation using a high-intensity fs laser, and the created silicon nanoparticles can be applied to scientific and industrial fields. (author)

  12. Cracks growth behaviors of commercial pure titanium under nanosecond laser irradiation for formation of nanostructure-covered microstructures (with sub-5-μm)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, A.F.; Wang, W.J., E-mail: wenjunwang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Mei, X.S.; Zheng, B.X.; Yan, Z.X.

    2016-11-30

    Highlights: • The sub-5-μm microstructures on commercial pure titanium are creatively obtained based on cracks growth under 10 ns laser irradiation. • The distribution modification of laser energy induced by cambered microstructures was theoretically analyzed to produce nanostructures. • The sharp micro-nano structures under combined action of crack growth and hot-melt are obtained. - Abstract: This study reported on the formation of sub-5-μm microstructures covered on titanium by cracks growth under 10-ns laser radiation at the wavelength of 532 nm and its induced light modification for production of nanostructures. The electric field intensity and laser power density absorbed by commercial pure titanium were computed to investigate the self-trapping introduced by cracks and the effect of surface morphology on laser propagation characteristics. It is found that nanostructures can form at the surface with the curvature radius below 20 μm. Meanwhile, variable laser fluences were applied to explore the evolution of cracks on commercial pure titanium with or without melt as spot overlap number increased. Experimental study was first performed at the peak laser fluence of 1.063 J/cm{sup 2} to investigate the microstructures induced only by cracks growth. The results demonstrated that angular microstructures with size between 1.68 μm and 4.74 μm was obtained and no nanostructure covered. Then, at the peak laser fluence of 2.126 J/cm{sup 2}, there were some nanostructures covered on the melt-induced curved microstructured surface. However, surface molten material submerged in the most of cracks at the spot overlap number of 744, where the old cracks disappeared. The results indicated that there was too much molten material and melting time at the peak laser fluence of 2.126 J/cm{sup 2}, which was not suitable for obtainment of perfect micro-nano structures. On this basis, peak laser fluence was reduced down to 1.595 J/cm{sup 2} and the sharp sub–5

  13. Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) vs. Femtosecond Laser in Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for treatment of myopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Rasmus Søgaard; Lyhne, Niels; Justesen, Birgitte

    Purpose: - 67 ord LASIK has been the dominating corneal refractive procedure for almost two decades, but the new flap-free SMILE procedure has shown promising results. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare refractive predictability, uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA...... and CDVA), and safety at 1 day, 1 week and 3 months after SMILE and FS-LASIK for all degrees of myopia, but in particular high myopia. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark Methods: - 157 ord Retrospective study of results after SMILE and FS-LASIK for all degrees...... having undergone re-treatment. The SMILE treatments and FS-LASIK flaps were performed with a VisuMax® femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss-Meditec, Jena, Germany). The FS-LASIK photoablation was performed with a MEL-80 flying-spot excimer laser with eye-tracker (Carl Zeiss-Meditec, Jena, Germany). In SMILE...

  14. Studies on perovskite film ablation and scribing with ns-, ps- and fs-laser pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayer, Lukas; Ye, Xinyuan; Lorenz, Pierre; Zimmer, Klaus

    2017-10-01

    Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites attract much attention due to their exceptional optoelectronic properties, in particular for photovoltaic (PV) applications. The accurate, high-speed and reliable patterning of the PV films is required for perovskite solar modules fabrication. Laser scribing provides these characteristics needed for industrial fabrication processes. In this work, the laser ablation and scribing of perovskite layers (CH3NH3PbI3: MAPbI3) with different laser sources (ns-, ps-, fs-laser pulses with wavelengths of 248 nm to 2.5 µm) were systematically investigated. The perovskite material was irradiated from both the film side and the substrate (rear side) side to study and compare the particular processes. The patterning results of the perovskite film can be classified into (1) regular laser ablation, (2) thin-film delamination lift-off process, and (3) lift-off with thermal modifications. A particular process, the localised lift-off of single grains from the perovskite film, has been observed and is discussed in relation to the thin-film lift-off process. Ablation and ablation-related mechanisms provide good conditions for laser scribing of the perovskite layer required for module interconnection via P2.

  15. fs- and ns-laser processing of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer: Comparative study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stankova, N.E., E-mail: nestankova@yahoo.com [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsarigradsko Shose, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Atanasov, P.A.; Nedyalkov, N.N.; Stoyanchov, T.R. [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsarigradsko Shose, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Kolev, K.N.; Valova, E.I.; Georgieva, J.S.; Armyanov, St.A. [Rostislaw Kaischew Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 11, Sofia 1113 (Bulgaria); Amoruso, S.; Wang, X.; Bruzzese, R. [CNR-SPIN, Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Grochowska, K.; Śliwiński, G. [Photophysics Department, The Szewalski Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, 14 Fiszera St., 80-231 Gdańsk (Poland); Baert, K.; Hubin, A. [Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Faculty of Engineering, Research group, SURF “Electrochemical and Surface Engineering” (Belgium); Delplancke, M.P.; Dille, J. [Université Libre de Bruxelles, Materials Engineering, Characterization, Synthesis and Recycling (Service 4MAT), Faculté des Sciences Appliquées, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2015-05-01

    Highlights: • fs- and ns-laser (266 and 532 nm) processing of PDMS-elastomer, in air, is studied. • High definition tracks (on the PDMS-elastomer surface) for electrodes are produced. • Selective Pt or Ni metallization of the tracks is produced via electroless plating. • Irradiated and metallized tracks are characterized by μ-Raman spectrometry and SEM. • DC resistance of Pt and Ni tracks is always between 0.5 and 15 Ω/mm. - Abstract: Medical grade polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer is a widely used biomaterial as encapsulation and/or as substrate insulator carrier for long term neural implants because of its remarkable properties. Femtosecond (λ = 263 and 527 nm) and nanosecond (266 and 532 nm) laser processing of PDMS-elastomer surface, in air, is investigated. The influence of different processing parameters, including laser wavelength, pulse duration, fluence, scanning speed and overlapping of the subsequent pulses, on the surface activation and the surface morphology are studied. High definition tracks and electrodes are produced. Remarkable alterations of the chemical composition and structural morphology of the ablated traces are observed in comparison with the native material. Raman spectra illustrate well-defined dependence of the chemical composition on the laser fluence, pulse duration, number of pulses and wavelength. An extra peak about ∼512–518 cm{sup −1}, assigned to crystalline silicon, is observed after ns- or visible fs-laser processing of the surface. In all cases, the intensities of Si−O−Si symmetric stretching at 488 cm{sup −1}, Si−CH{sub 3} symmetric rocking at 685 cm{sup −1}, Si−C symmetric stretching at 709 cm{sup −1}, CH{sub 3} asymmetric rocking + Si−C asymmetric stretching at 787 cm{sup −1}, and CH{sub 3} symmetric rocking at 859 cm{sup −1}, modes strongly decrease. The laser processed areas are also analyzed by SEM and optical microscopy. Selective Pt or Ni metallization of the laser processed

  16. Tribological performance of titanium samples oxidized by fs-laser radiation, thermal heating, or electrochemical anodization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirner, S. V.; Slachciak, N.; Elert, A. M.; Griepentrog, M.; Fischer, D.; Hertwig, A.; Sahre, M.; Dörfel, I.; Sturm, H.; Pentzien, S.; Koter, R.; Spaltmann, D.; Krüger, J.; Bonse, J.

    2018-04-01

    Commercial grade-1 titanium samples (Ti, 99.6%) were treated using three alternative methods, (i) femtosecond laser processing, (ii) thermal heat treatment, and (iii) electrochemical anodization, respectively, resulting in the formation of differently conditioned superficial titanium oxide layers. The laser processing (i) was carried out by a Ti:sapphire laser (pulse duration 30 fs, central wavelength 790 nm, pulse repetition rate 1 kHz) in a regime of generating laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS). The experimental conditions (laser fluence, spatial spot overlap) were optimized in a sample-scanning setup for the processing of several square-millimeters large surface areas covered homogeneously by these nanostructures. The differently oxidized titanium surfaces were characterized by optical microscopy, micro Raman spectroscopy, variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry, and instrumented indentation testing. The tribological performance was characterized in the regime of mixed friction by reciprocating sliding tests against a sphere of hardened steel in fully formulated engine oil as lubricant. The specific tribological performance of the differently treated surfaces is discussed with respect to possible physical and chemical mechanisms.

  17. Sub?40?fs, 1060?nm Yb?fiber laser enhances penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of human skin

    OpenAIRE

    Balu, Mihaela; Saytashev, Ilyas; Hou, Jue; Dantus, Marcos; Tromberg, Bruce J.

    2015-01-01

    © 2015 The Authors. Advancing the practical utility of nonlinear optical microscopy requires continued improvement in imaging depth and contrast. We evaluated second-harmonic generation (SHG) and third-harmonic generation images from ex vivo human skin and showed that a sub-40 fs, 1060-nm Yb-fiber laser can enhance SHG penetration depth by up to 80% compared to a > 100 fs, 800 nm Ti:sapphire source. These results demonstrate the potential of fiber-based laser systems to address a key perform...

  18. Proton-induced nanorod melting in a coating obtained from the pulsed laser ablation of W{sub 2}B{sub 5}/B{sub 4}C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tadadjeu Sokeng, I., E-mail: ifriky@tlabs.ac.za [Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, French South African Institute of Technology/Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Bellville Campus, PO Box 1906, Bellville 7530 (South Africa); Electron Microscopy Unit, University of the Western Cape, Private bag x17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Ngom, B.D. [Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, 1 Old Faure Road, 7129, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province (South Africa); UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa (UNISA), Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria (South Africa); Laboratoire de Photonique et de Nanofrabrication, Groupes de physique du Solide et Sciences des Matriaux (GPSSM), Facult des sciences et Techniques, Universit Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD), B.P. 25114 Dakar-Fann, Dakar (Senegal); Cummings, F. [Electron Microscopy Unit, University of the Western Cape, Private bag x17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Kotsedi, L. [Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, 1 Old Faure Road, 7129, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province (South Africa); UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa (UNISA), Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria (South Africa); Msimanga, M. [iThemba LABS Gauten, Private Bag 11, WITS 2050, Johannesburg (South Africa); Maaza, M. [Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, 1 Old Faure Road, 7129, PO Box 722, Somerset West, Western Cape Province (South Africa); UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa (UNISA), Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria (South Africa); and others

    2015-02-01

    Highlights: • Coatings from ablated B{sub 4}C/W{sub 2}B{sub 5} were irradiated with 900 keV protons. • Nanorod clusters were observed to melt and disperse. • Uniformly shaped nanorods were observed to grow. • Lateral diffusion of energy and lateral dispersion of matter were observed. - Abstract: Coatings obtained from pulsed laser ablated W{sub 2}B{sub 5}/B{sub 4}C were irradiated with 900keV protons at fluences ranging from about 1×10{sup 15}protons/cm{sup 2} to about 4×10{sup 15}protons/cm{sup 2}. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) were used to study the resulting structural effects. Clusters of nanorods were observed to disperse and reduce in number with increase in proton fluence. The atomic percentage of constituent elements were observed to vary with proton fluence, both within the nanorods and the film floor. Our results show that the structural effect of proton irradiation on the coating is lateral dispersion of matter.

  19. Fs-laser-induced Ca2+ concentration change during membrane perforation for cell transfection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgart, J; Bintig, W; Ngezahayo, A; Lubatschowski, H; Heisterkamp, A

    2010-02-01

    Fs-laser based opto-perforation is a gentle method for gene transfer into sensitive cells such as stem cells or primary cells. The high selectivity and the low damage to the cell lead to a high efficiency of transfection. However, there are side effects which induce stress to the cell due to the exchange of intra- and extracellular media as well as the disintegration of the structure of biomolecules resulting from the laser exposure. Moreover, the mechanisms of the optical transfection are still unclear. In this paper, we present our study on calcium (Ca(2+)) homeostasis during cell surgery, especially during laser induced membrane perforation. We show that the manipulation of cells can induce an increase in the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration. This increase was not observed if the manipulation of the cells was performed in absence of the extracellular calcium indicating the importance of the Ca(2+) uptake. We found, that the uptake of extracellular Ca(2+) strongly depends on the repetition rate and the irradiation time of the laser pulses. The exposure for several seconds to kHz pulses even induces Ca(2+) induced Ca(2+) release. Dependent on the location of perforation, probably in the vicinity of an intracellular Ca(2+) stock, an instantaneous intracellular Ca(2+) release can be induced. Since Ca(2+) could be involved in negative side effect by cell surgery, we propose an application of the optoperforation technique in nominal Ca(2+)-free external solution.

  20. Fabrication of locally micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings by fs-laser machining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutz, Franz J.; Stephan, Valentin; Marchi, Gabriele; Koch, Alexander W.; Roths, Johannes; Huber, Heinz P.

    2018-06-01

    Here, we describe a method for producing locally micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings (LMFGB) by fs-laser machining. This technique enables the precise and reproducible ablation of cladding material to create circumferential grooves inside the claddings of optical fibers. From initial ablation experiments we acquired optimized process parameters. The fabricated grooves were located in the middle of uniform type I fiber Bragg gratings. LMFBGs with four different groove widths of 48, 85, 135 and 205 μ { {m}} were produced. The grooves exhibited constant depths of about 30 μ {m} and steep sidewall angles. With the combination of micro-structures and fiber Bragg gratings, fiber optic sensor elements with enhanced functionalities can be achieved.

  1. Polarized spectroscopic properties of Er{sup 3+}:Gd{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystal and evaluation of Er{sup 3+}:Yb{sup 3+}:Gd{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystal as a 1.55 μm laser medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, H. [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Huang, J.H.; Gong, X.H.; Chen, Y.J.; Lin, Y.F.; Luo, Z.D. [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Huang, Y.D., E-mail: huyd@fjirsm.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China)

    2016-10-01

    An Er{sup 3+}-doped Gd{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} single crystal with high optical quality has been grown by the Czochralski method. Polarized absorption and fluorescence spectra and fluorescence lifetime of the crystal were measured at room temperature. Intensity parameters, spontaneous emission probabilities, fluorescence branching ratios, and radiative lifetimes were estimated on the basis of the Judd–Ofelt theory. Besides, potentiality of 1.55 μm laser emission in an Er{sup 3+}–Yb{sup 3+} co-doped Gd{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} crystal was evaluated.

  2. Yb{sup 3+}:Sr{sub 5}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Crystal growth, spectroscopic characterization and laser development; Yb{sup 3+}:Sr{sub 5}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Crescimento, caracterizacao espectroscopica e desenvolvimento do laser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bustamante, Andrea Nora Pino

    1999-07-01

    Crystal growth, spectroscopic characterization and laser development of Yb{sup 3+}:SVAP [Sr{sub 5}(VO{sub 4}){sub 3}F] was performed to demonstrate for the first time, operation of tunable laser emission centered at 1120 nm. Initially, SVAP crystals were grown with high dopant concentrations, up to 6.0 mol % of Yb{sub 2} O{sub 3} in the melt, in order to investigate the material for potential laser operation at a new laser wavelength. Additional research was performed to alleviate highly doped SVAP crystals of defects previously observed. Basic spectroscopic characterization including absorption and luminescent properties were measured to better understand the behavior of Yb{sup 3+} ions in SVAP. Based upon these studies, discussion of the 1120 nm laser transition is presented as it arises from a ground state vibrational level. Investigations of the charge compensation process and the optical parameters as a function of dopant concentration are also presented. The laser development of Yb{sup 3+}:SVAP included continuous and pulsed modes of operation of the 1044 nm and 1120 nm transitions. Initial laser action of the 1044 nm transition was achieved using a Yi: Saphire laser pump source in order to compare with previously results. Further development of a diode-pumped Yb{sup 3+}:SVAP laser system demonstrated continuously tunable laser operation from 1103 nm for the first time. The laser investigations also proved that this high gain media does provide continuous wave laser action at 1044 nm and 1120 simultaneously without significant gain depletion. (author)

  3. Applications of ultra-short pulsed laser ablation: thin films deposition and fs/ns dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teghil, R; De Bonis, A; Galasso, A; Santagata, A; Albano, G; Villani, P; Spera, D; Parisi, G P

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we report a survey of two of the large number of possible practical applications of the laser ablation performed by an ultra-short pulse laser, namely pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and fs/ns dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (DP-LIBS). These applications differ from those using just longer pulsed lasers as a consequence of the distinctive characteristics of the plasma produced by ultra-short laser beams. The most important feature of this plasma is the large presence of particles with nanometric size which plays a fundamental role in both applications.

  4. FS laser processing of bio-polymer thin films for studying cell-to-substrate specific response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daskalova, A., E-mail: a_daskalova@code.bg [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72, Tsarigradsko Chaussee Blvd., 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Nathala, Chandra S.R. [Institute of General Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10/134, A-1040 Wien (Austria); Spectra-Physics Vienna, Fernkorngasse 10, 1100 Wien (Austria); Kavatzikidou, P.; Ranella, A. [Institute for Electronic Structure and Lasers-FORTH, P.O. Box 1385, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Szoszkiewicz, R. [Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 141 Woloska Str., 02-507 Warsaw, Poland (Poland); Husinsky, W. [Institute of General Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10/134, A-1040 Wien (Austria); Fotakis, C. [Institute for Electronic Structure and Lasers-FORTH, P.O. Box 1385, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

    2016-09-30

    Highlights: • Systematic research in the field of fs laser interaction with biopolymers for application in tissue engineering. • Utilizing a new biopolymer blend of collagen/elastin material for studying the interaction process in the fs domain. • Obtaining of improved, circularly shaped, interconnected nanopores, with high reproducibility from collagen/elastin layer. • Observation of randomly arranged pattern outside modification zone due to formation of an impact wave over biofilm surface. • NIH/3T3 cell-interface interaction reveal a preferable cell migration on fs laser-modified surface array. - Abstract: The use of ultra-short pulses for nanoengineering of biomaterials opens up possibilities for biological, medical and tissue engineering applications. Structuring the surface of a biomaterial into arrays with micro- and nanoscale features and architectures, defines new roadmaps to innovative engineering of materials. Thin films of novel collagen/elastin composite and gelatin were irradiated by Ti:sapphire fs laser in air at central wavelength 800 nm, with pulse durations in the range of 30 fs. The size and shape as well as morphological forms occurring in the resulted areas of interaction were analyzed as a function of irradiation fluence and number of pulses by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The fs interaction regime allows generation of well defined micro porous surface arrays. In this study we examined a novel composite consisting of collagen and elastin in order to create a biodegradable matrix to serve as a biomimetic surface for cell attachment. Confocal microscopy images of modified zones reveal formation of surface fringe patterns with orientation direction alongside the area of interaction. Outside the crater rim a wave-like topography pattern is observed. Structured, on a nanometer scale, surface array is employed for cell-culture experiments for testing cell’s responses to substrate morphology. Mice fibroblasts migration was monitored

  5. FS laser processing of bio-polymer thin films for studying cell-to-substrate specific response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daskalova, A.; Nathala, Chandra S.R.; Kavatzikidou, P.; Ranella, A.; Szoszkiewicz, R.; Husinsky, W.; Fotakis, C.

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Systematic research in the field of fs laser interaction with biopolymers for application in tissue engineering. • Utilizing a new biopolymer blend of collagen/elastin material for studying the interaction process in the fs domain. • Obtaining of improved, circularly shaped, interconnected nanopores, with high reproducibility from collagen/elastin layer. • Observation of randomly arranged pattern outside modification zone due to formation of an impact wave over biofilm surface. • NIH/3T3 cell-interface interaction reveal a preferable cell migration on fs laser-modified surface array. - Abstract: The use of ultra-short pulses for nanoengineering of biomaterials opens up possibilities for biological, medical and tissue engineering applications. Structuring the surface of a biomaterial into arrays with micro- and nanoscale features and architectures, defines new roadmaps to innovative engineering of materials. Thin films of novel collagen/elastin composite and gelatin were irradiated by Ti:sapphire fs laser in air at central wavelength 800 nm, with pulse durations in the range of 30 fs. The size and shape as well as morphological forms occurring in the resulted areas of interaction were analyzed as a function of irradiation fluence and number of pulses by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The fs interaction regime allows generation of well defined micro porous surface arrays. In this study we examined a novel composite consisting of collagen and elastin in order to create a biodegradable matrix to serve as a biomimetic surface for cell attachment. Confocal microscopy images of modified zones reveal formation of surface fringe patterns with orientation direction alongside the area of interaction. Outside the crater rim a wave-like topography pattern is observed. Structured, on a nanometer scale, surface array is employed for cell-culture experiments for testing cell’s responses to substrate morphology. Mice fibroblasts migration was monitored

  6. Sub-40 fs, 1060-nm Yb-fiber laser enhances penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of human skin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balu, Mihaela; Saytashev, Ilyas; Hou, Jue; Dantus, Marcos; Tromberg, Bruce J.

    2015-12-01

    Advancing the practical utility of nonlinear optical microscopy requires continued improvement in imaging depth and contrast. We evaluated second-harmonic generation (SHG) and third-harmonic generation images from ex vivo human skin and showed that a sub-40 fs, 1060-nm Yb-fiber laser can enhance SHG penetration depth by up to 80% compared to a >100 fs, 800 nm Ti:sapphire source. These results demonstrate the potential of fiber-based laser systems to address a key performance limitation related to nonlinear optical microscopy (NLOM) technology while providing a low-barrier-to-access alternative to Ti:sapphire sources that could help accelerate the movement of NLOM into clinical practice.

  7. Frequency-doubled DBR-tapered diode laser for direct pumping of Ti:sapphire lasers generating sub-20 fs pulses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, André; Jensen, Ole Bjarlin; Unterhuber, Angelika

    2011-01-01

    For the first time a single-pass frequency doubled DBR-tapered diode laser suitable for pumping Ti:sapphire lasers generating ultrashort pulses is demonstrated. The maximum output powers achieved when pumping the Ti:sapphire laser are 110 mW (CW) and 82 mW (mode-locked) respectively at 1.2 W...... of pump power. This corresponds to a reduction in optical conversion efficiencies to 75% of the values achieved with a commercial diode pumped solid-state laser. However, the superior electro-optical efficiency of the diode laser improves the overall efficiency of the Ti:sapphire laser by a factor > 2....... The optical spectrum emitted by the Ti:sapphire laser when pumped with our diode laser shows a spectral width of 112 nm (FWHM). Based on autocorrelation measurements, pulse widths of less than 20 fs can therefore be expected....

  8. Frequency-doubled DBR-tapered diode laser for direct pumping of Ti:sapphire lasers generating sub-20 fs pulses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, André; Jensen, Ole Bjarlin; Unterhuber, Angelika; Le, Tuan; Stingl, Andreas; Hasler, Karl-Heinz; Sumpf, Bernd; Erbert, Götz; Andersen, Peter E; Petersen, Paul Michael

    2011-06-20

    For the first time a single-pass frequency doubled DBR-tapered diode laser suitable for pumping Ti:sapphire lasers generating ultrashort pulses is demonstrated. The maximum output powers achieved when pumping the Ti:sapphire laser are 110 mW (CW) and 82 mW (mode-locked) respectively at 1.2 W of pump power. This corresponds to a reduction in optical conversion efficiencies to 75% of the values achieved with a commercial diode pumped solid-state laser. However, the superior electro-optical efficiency of the diode laser improves the overall efficiency of the Ti:sapphire laser by a factor > 2. The optical spectrum emitted by the Ti:sapphire laser when pumped with our diode laser shows a spectral width of 112 nm (FWHM). Based on autocorrelation measurements, pulse widths of less than 20 fs can therefore be expected.

  9. The influence of laser pulse duration and energy on ICP-MS signal intensity, elemental fractionation, and particle size distribution in NIR fs-LA-ICP-MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diwakar, Prasoon K.; Harilal, Sivanandan S.; LaHaye, Nicole L.; Hassanein, Ahmed; Kulkarni, Pramod

    2015-01-01

    Laser parameters, typically wavelength, pulse width, irradiance, repetition rate, and pulse energy, are critical parameters which influence the laser ablation process and thereby influence the LA-ICP-MS signal. In recent times, femtosecond laser ablation has gained popularity owing to the reduction in fractionation related issues and improved analytical performance which can provide matrix-independent sampling. The advantage offered by fs-LA is due to shorter pulse duration of the laser as compared to the phonon relaxation time and heat diffusion time. Hence the thermal effects are minimized in fs-LA. Recently, fs-LA-ICP-MS demonstrated improved analytical performance as compared to ns-LA-ICP-MS, but detailed mechanisms and processes are still not clearly understood. Improvement of fs-LA-ICP-MS over ns-LA-ICP-MS elucidates the importance of laser pulse duration and related effects on the ablation process. In this study, we have investigated the influence of laser pulse width (40 fs to 0.3 ns) and energy on LA-ICP-MS signal intensity and repeatability using a brass sample. Experiments were performed in single spot ablation mode as well as rastering ablation mode to monitor the Cu/Zn ratio. The recorded ICP-MS signal was correlated with total particle counts generated during laser ablation as well as particle size distribution. Our results show the importance of pulse width effects in the fs regime that becomes more pronounced when moving from femtosecond to picosecond and nanosecond regimes. PMID:26664120

  10. Confocal comparison of corneal reinnervation after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Meiyan; Niu, Lingling; Qin, Bing; Zhou, Zimei; Ni, Katherine; Le, Qihua; Xiang, Jun; Wei, Anji; Ma, Weiping; Zhou, Xingtao

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate corneal reinnervation, and the corresponding corneal sensitivity and keratocyte density after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). In this prospective, non-randomized observational study, 18 patients (32 eyes) received SMILE surgery, and 22 patients (42 eyes) received FS-LASIK surgery to correct myopia. The corneal subbasal nerve density and microscopic morphological changes in corneal architecture were evaluated by confocal microscopy prior to surgery and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. A correlation analysis was performed between subbasal corneal nerve density and the corresponding keratocyte density and corneal sensitivity. The decrease in subbasal nerve density was less severe in SMILE-treated eyes than in FS-LASIK-treated eyes at 1 week (P = 0.0147), 1 month (P = 0.0243), and 3 months (P = 0.0498), but no difference was detected at the 6-month visit (P = 0.5277). The subbasal nerve density correlated positively with central corneal sensitivity in both groups (r = 0.416, PLASIK group, respectively). The SMILE-treated eyes have a lower risk of developing peripheral empty space with epithelial cells filling in (P = 0.0005). The decrease in subbasal nerve fiber density was less severe in the SMILE group than the FS-LASIK group in the first 3 months following the surgeries. The subbasal nerve density was correlated with central corneal sensitivity.

  11. Comparison of DLK incidence after laser in situ keratomileusis associated with two femtosecond lasers: Femto LDV and IntraLase FS60

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomita M

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Minoru Tomita,1–3 Yuko Sotoyama,1 Satoshi Yukawa,1 Tadayuki Nakamura1 1Shinagawa LASIK Center, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Eye Can Cataract Surgery Center, Manila, Philippines Purpose: To compare the incidence of diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK with flap creation using the Femto LDV and IntraLase™ FS60 femtosecond lasers. Methods: A total of 818 consecutive myopic eyes had LASIK performed using either Femto LDV or IntraLase FS60 for flap creation. The same excimer laser, the Allegretto Wave® Eye-Q Laser, was used for correcting refractive errors for all patients. In the preoperative examination, uncorrected distance visual acuity, corrected distance visual acuity, and manifest refraction spherical equivalent were measured. At the postop examination, the same examinations were performed along with a slit-lamp biomicroscopic examination, and patients with DLK were classified into stages. For the statistical analysis of the DLK occurrence rate and the visual and refractive outcomes, the Mann-Whitney’s U-test was used. Results: In the Femto LDV group with 514 eyes, 42 (8.17% had DLK. In the IntraLase FS60 group with 304 eyes, 114 (37.5% had DLK. There was a statistically significant difference in the DLK incidence rate between these groups (P < 0.0001. Both groups had excellent visual and refractive outcomes. Although low levels of DLK were observed for both groups, they did not affect visual acuity. Conclusion: While there were significantly fewer incidences of low level DLK when using Femto LDV, neither femtosecond laser induced high levels of DLK, and any postoperative DLK cleared up within 1 week. Therefore, both lasers provide excellent results, with no clinical differences, and both excel at flap creation for LASIK. Keywords: LASIK, Ziemer, Femto LDV, DLK, IntraLase FS60, femtosecond laser

  12. Confocal comparison of corneal reinnervation after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meiyan Li

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate corneal reinnervation, and the corresponding corneal sensitivity and keratocyte density after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK. METHODS: In this prospective, non-randomized observational study, 18 patients (32 eyes received SMILE surgery, and 22 patients (42 eyes received FS-LASIK surgery to correct myopia. The corneal subbasal nerve density and microscopic morphological changes in corneal architecture were evaluated by confocal microscopy prior to surgery and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. A correlation analysis was performed between subbasal corneal nerve density and the corresponding keratocyte density and corneal sensitivity. RESULTS: The decrease in subbasal nerve density was less severe in SMILE-treated eyes than in FS-LASIK-treated eyes at 1 week (P = 0.0147, 1 month (P = 0.0243, and 3 months (P = 0.0498, but no difference was detected at the 6-month visit (P = 0.5277. The subbasal nerve density correlated positively with central corneal sensitivity in both groups (r = 0.416, P<0.0001, and r = 0.2567, P = 0.0038 for SMILE group and FS-LASIK group, respectively. The SMILE-treated eyes have a lower risk of developing peripheral empty space with epithelial cells filling in (P = 0.0005. CONCLUSIONS: The decrease in subbasal nerve fiber density was less severe in the SMILE group than the FS-LASIK group in the first 3 months following the surgeries. The subbasal nerve density was correlated with central corneal sensitivity.

  13. Generation of 70-fs pulses at 286 μm from a mid-infrared fiber laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, R. I.; Hudson, D. D.; Fuerbach, A.; Jackson, S. D.

    2017-12-01

    We propose and demonstrate a simple route to few-optical-cycle pulse generation from a mid-infrared fiber laser through nonlinear compression of pulses from a holmium-doped fiber oscillator using a short length of chalcogenide fiber and a grating pair. Pulses from the oscillator with 265-fs duration at 2.86 {\\mu}m are spectrally broadened through self-phase modulation in step-index As2S3 fiber to 141-nm bandwidth and then re-compressed to 70 fs (7.3 optical cycles). These are the shortest pulses from a mid-infrared fiber system to date, and we note that our system is compact, robust, and uses only commercially available components. The scalability of this approach is also discussed, supported by numerical modeling.

  14. Improving solar radiation absorbance of high refractory sintered ceramics by fs Ti:sapphire laser surface treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cappelli, E.; Orlando, S.; Sciti, D.; Bellucci, A.; Lettino, A.; Trucchi, D.M.

    2014-01-01

    Samples of high refractory pressure-less sintered carbide ceramics (HfC based), polished by mechanical grinding to a surface roughness R a ∼ 40 nm, have been surface treated, in vacuum, by fs Ti:sapphire laser, operating at 800 nm wavelength, 1000 Hz repetition rate and 100 fs pulse duration, at fluence varying in the range (∼6–25 J/cm 2 ), to optimize their solar radiation absorbance, in such a way that they could operate as absorber material in an innovative conversion module of solar radiation into electrical energy. To this aim, an area of approximately 9.6 cm 2 was treated by the fs laser beam. The beam strikes perpendicular to the sample, placed on a stage set in motion in the x, y, z-directions, thus generating a scanning pattern of parallel lines. The experimental conditions of laser treatment (energy fluence, speed of transition, overlapping and lateral step distance) were varied in order to optimize the radiation absorption properties of the patterned surface. In laser treated samples the absorption value is increased by about 15%, compared to the original untreated surface, up to a value of final absorbance of about 95%, all over the range of solar radiation spectrum (from UV to IR). The morphological and chemical effects of the treatment have been evaluated by SEM–EDS analysis. At very high fluence, we obtained the characteristic ablation craters and local material decomposition, while at lower fluence (in any case above the threshold) typical periodic nano-structures have been obtained, exploitable for their modified optical properties.

  15. Evidence of the semiconductor-metal transition in V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films by the pulsed laser photoacoustic method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Pacheco, A.; Acosta-Najarro, D. R.; Cruz-Manjarrez, H.; Rodriguez-Fernandez, L.; Pineda-Santamaria, J. C; Aguilar-Franco, M. [Instituto de Fisica-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico DF (Mexico); Castaneda-Guzman, R. [Laboratorio de Fotofisica y Peliculas Delgadas, CCADET-UNAM, Mexico DF (Mexico)

    2013-05-14

    In this work, the pulsed photoacoustic technique was used to investigate the semiconductor-metal transition of thin vanadium pentoxide films (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) under increasing temperature. The V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films were simultaneously deposited by RF magnetron sputtering at room temperature, on corning glass and SnO{sub 2}:F/glass substrates, in order to compare the photoacoustic response. The elemental and structural analysis of the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} films was performed by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The optical transmission and band gap were determined using UV-Vis spectroscopy. The electrical properties were measured using four-point probe measurements with the Van der Pauw geometry.

  16. Spectrally narrowed emissions in 2,5-bis(4-biphenylyl)thiophene crystals pumped by fs laser pulse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kobayashi, S.; Sasaki, F.; Yanagi, H.; Hotta, S.; Ichikawa, M.; Taniguchi, Y.

    2005-01-01

    Spectrally narrowed emission (SNE) in 2,5-bis(4-biphenylyl)thiophene (BP1T) crystals is investigated using fs laser pulse. Two different types of narrowing are observed at different vibronic emission bands with increasing pump intensities. Based on their pump intensity dependence and illumination area dependence, we assign the SNE at 20,200 cm -1 (β-band) to amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and the SNE at 21,600 cm -1 (α-band) to superfluorescence rather than ASE

  17. ZnO synthesized in air by fs laser irradiation on metallic Zn thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esqueda-Barrón, Y.; Herrera, M.; Camacho-López, S.

    2018-05-01

    We present results on rapid femtosecond laser synthesis of nanostructured ZnO. We used metallic Zn thin films to laser scan along straight tracks, until forming nanostructured ZnO. The synthesis dependence on laser irradiation parameters such as the per pulse fluence, integrated fluence, laser scan speed, and number of scans were explored carefully. SEM characterization showed that the morphology of the obtained ZnO is dictated by the integrated fluence and the laser scan speed; micro Raman and XRD results allowed to identify optimal laser processing conditions for getting good quality ZnO; and cathodoluminescence measurements demonstrated that a single laser scan at high per pulse laser fluence, but a medium integrated laser fluence and a medium laser scan speed favors a low density of point-defects in the lattice. Electrical measurements showed a correlation between resistivity of the laser produced ZnO and point-defects created during the synthesis. Transmittance measurements showed that, the synthesized ZnO can reach down to the supporting fused silica substrate under the right laser irradiation conditions. The physical mechanism for the formation of ZnO, under ultrashort pulse laser irradiation, is discussed in view of the distinct times scales given by the laser pulse duration and the laser pulse repetition rate.

  18. Efficient chirped-pulse amplification of sub-20 fs laser pulses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuoka, Shinichi; Yamakawa, Koichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1998-03-01

    We have developed a model for ultrabroadband and ultrashort pulse amplification including the effects of a pulse shaper for regenerative pulse shaping, gain narrowing and gain saturation in the amplifiers. Thin solid etalons are used to control both gain narrowing and gain saturation during amplification. This model has been used to design an optimized Ti:sapphire amplifier system for producing efficiently pulses of < 20-fs duration with approaching peak and average powers of 100 TW and 20 W. (author)

  19. Dry Eye after Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) versus Femtosecond Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for Myopia: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Zeren; Zhu, Yanan; Song, Xiaohui; Yan, Jie; Yao, Ke

    2016-01-01

    To compare dry eye after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) for correcting myopia. CENTRAL, Embase and PubMed were searched in November 2016. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective cohorts that compared dry eye after SMILE with FS-LASIK were selected. Five cohorts and one RCT were identified for comparing dry eye after SMILE (291 eyes) and FS-LASIK (277 eyes). The pooled results revealed that the SMILE and FS-LASIK groups did not differ significantly in terms of Schirmer's I test (SIT) and tear film osmolarity (TFO) at any postoperative visits. By contrast, tear break up time (TBUT; p = 0.04 for one month, p LASIK group than in the SMILE group at follow-up. At six months postoperatively, TBUT and TFO values in both the SMILE and FS-LASIK groups and OSDI scores in the SMILE group returned to preoperative levels, but SIT values in both groups (p = 0.02 for the SMILE group and p LASIK group) and OSDI in the FS-LASIK group (p LASIK usually occurs transiently. SMILE does not show obvious superiority over FS-LASIK by exhibiting similar and acceptable objective parameters, and SMILE may have milder subjective symptoms.

  20. [Scanning electron microscopic investigations of cutting edge quality in lamellar keratotomy using the Wavelight femtosecond laser (FS-200) : What influence do spot distance and an additional tunnel have?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, T; Höche, T; Heichel, J

    2018-01-01

    Femtosecond lasers (fs-lasers) are established cutting instruments for the creation of LASIK flaps. Previous studies often showed even rougher surfaces after application of fs-laser systems compared to lamellar keratotomy with mechanical microkeratomes. When cutting the cornea with fs-lasers, an intrastromal gas development occurs, which has a potentially negative influence on the cutting quality if the gas cannot be dissipated; therefore, manufacturers have chosen the way of gas assimilation in so-called pockets. The investigated system creates a tunnel which opens under the conjunctiva. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a tunnel as well as the influence of different spot distances on the quality of cut surfaces and edges. In this experimental study on freshly enucleated porcine eyes (n = 15), the following cuts were carried out with the FS-200 (Wavelight, Erlangen, Germany): 1. standard setting (spot and line separation 8 µm), 2. with tunnel for gas drainage, 3. without gas-conducting tunnel, 4. with increased spot spacing (spot and line separation 9 μm instead of 8 μm) and 5. with reduced spot spacing (spot and line separation 7 μm instead of 8 μm). Subsequently, scanning electron microscopy (FEI Quanta 650, Hillsboro, OR) of the cut edges and surfaces as well as the gas drain tunnel were performed. The evaluation was based on an established score. The current fs-laser system (200 Hz) is able to create smooth cutting surfaces and sharp edges. The changed density of laser pulses compared to the standard settings with a reduced or increased distance between the pulses, did not achieve any further improvement in the surface quality. The gas-conducting tunnel could be detected by scanning electron microscope. In the case of cutting without a tunnel, roughened surfaces and irregularities on the cutting edges were found. When the FS-200 fs-laser is used, LASIK cuts with very smooth cut surfaces and sharp cutting

  1. Time-dependent Bloch-Maxwell modelling of 1 mJ, 200 fs seeded soft x-ray laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeitoun, Ph.; Oliva, E.; Fajardo, M.; Velarde, P.; Ros, D.; Sebban, S.

    2010-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows. Seeding of high harmonic generation in a soft x-ray plasma amplifier has been first proposed and tested by T. Ditmire and collaborators. The experiment demonstrated low amplification (*2), with a very strong background coming from the soft x-ray laser ASE. Later seeding experiments reached very high amplification factors (up to 600) in both gas (Ph. Zeitoun et al.) and solid amplifiers (Wang et at.). Surprisingly, solid amplifiers extracted less energy (90 nJ) than gas amplifier (∼ 1 μJ) with equivalent pump energy. We recently demonstrated that 50-100 μJ is achievable with adequate plasma tailoring. However, this energy is still low as compared to the 10 mJ per pulse demonstrated on the ASE soft x-ray laser running at PALS facility (Czech Republic). In order to model the seeding process of PALS soft x-ray laser, we developed a time-dependent Bloch-Maxwell model that solves coherently the pumping, amplification and saturation processes. We demonstrated that direct seeding, with femtosecond pulse, a soft x-ray plasma amplifier having gain duration of several 100s of picosecond cannot extract the stored energy keeping the output beam energy in the 100 μJ range. We proposed and fully modelled a new seeding scheme that allows to achieve 10 mJ, 200 fs soft x-ray laser.

  2. Three-dimensional LASIK flap thickness variability: topographic central, paracentral and peripheral assessment, in flaps created by a mechanical microkeratome (M2 and two different femtosecond lasers (FS60 and FS200

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanellopoulos AJ

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A John Kanellopoulos,1,2 George Asimellis1 1Laservision.gr Institute, Athens, Greece; 2NYU Medical School, New York, USA Purpose: To evaluate programmed versus achieved laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK flap central thickness and investigate topographic flap thickness variability, as well as the effect of potential epithelial remodeling interference on flap thickness variability. Patients and methods: Flap thickness was investigated in 110 eyes that had had bilateral myopic LASIK several years ago (average 4.5 ± 2.7 years; range 2–7 years. Three age-matched study groups were formed, based on the method of primary flap creation: Group A (flaps made by the Moria Surgical M2 microkeratome [Antony, France], Group B (flaps made by the Abbott Medical Optics IntraLase™ FS60 femtosecond laser [Santa Ana, CA, USA], and Group C (flaps made by the Alcon WaveLight® FS200 femtosecond laser [Fort Worth, TX, USA]. Whole-cornea topographic maps of flap and epithelial thickness were obtained by scanning high-frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy. On each eye, topographic flap and epithelial thickness variability was computed by the standard deviation of thickness corresponding to 21 equally spaced points over the entire corneal area imaged. Results: The average central flap thickness for each group was 138.33 ± 12.38 µm (mean ± standard deviation in Group A, 128.46 ± 5.72 µm in Group B, and 122.00 ± 5.64 µm in Group C. Topographic flap thickness variability was 9.73 ± 4.93 µm for Group A, 8.48 ± 4.23 µm for Group B, and 4.84 ± 1.88 µm for Group C. The smaller topographic flap thickness variability of Group C (FS200 was statistically significant compared with that of Group A (M2 (P = 0.004, indicating improved topographic flap thickness consistency – that is, improved precision – over the entire flap area affected. Conclusions: The two femtosecond lasers produced a smaller flap thickness and reduced variability than the mechanical

  3. Critical behavior within 20 fs drives the out-of-equilibrium laser-induced magnetic phase transition in nickel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tengdin, Phoebe; You, Wenjing; Chen, Cong; Shi, Xun; Zusin, Dmitriy; Zhang, Yingchao; Gentry, Christian; Blonsky, Adam; Keller, Mark; Oppeneer, Peter M; Kapteyn, Henry C; Tao, Zhensheng; Murnane, Margaret M

    2018-03-01

    It has long been known that ferromagnets undergo a phase transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic at the Curie temperature, associated with critical phenomena such as a divergence in the heat capacity. A ferromagnet can also be transiently demagnetized by heating it with an ultrafast laser pulse. However, to date, the connection between out-of-equilibrium and equilibrium phase transitions, or how fast the out-of-equilibrium phase transitions can proceed, was not known. By combining time- and angle-resolved photoemission with time-resolved transverse magneto-optical Kerr spectroscopies, we show that the same critical behavior also governs the ultrafast magnetic phase transition in nickel. This is evidenced by several observations. First, we observe a divergence of the transient heat capacity of the electron spin system preceding material demagnetization. Second, when the electron temperature is transiently driven above the Curie temperature, we observe an extremely rapid change in the material response: The spin system absorbs sufficient energy within the first 20 fs to subsequently proceed through the phase transition, whereas demagnetization and the collapse of the exchange splitting occur on much longer, fluence-independent time scales of ~176 fs. Third, we find that the transient electron temperature alone dictates the magnetic response. Our results are important because they connect the out-of-equilibrium material behavior to the strongly coupled equilibrium behavior and uncover a new time scale in the process of ultrafast demagnetization.

  4. 256 fs, 2 nJ soliton pulse generation from MoS2 mode-locked fiber laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Zike; Chen, Hao; Li, Jiarong; Yin, Jinde; Wang, Jinzhang; Yan, Peiguang

    2017-12-01

    We demonstrate an Er-doped fiber laser (EDFL) mode-locked by a MoS2 saturable absorber (SA), delivering a 256 fs, 2 nJ soliton pulse at 1563.4 nm. The nonlinear property of the SA prepared by magnetron sputtering deposition (MSD) is measured with a modulation depth (MD) of ∼19.48% and a saturable intensity of 4.14 MW/cm2. To the best of our knowledge, the generated soliton pulse has the highest pulse energy of 2 nJ among the reported mode-locked EDFLs based on transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). Our results indicate that MSD-grown SAs could offer an exciting platform for high pulse energy and ultrashort pulse generation.

  5. Surface modification of polymethylmethacrylate irradiated with 60 fs single laser pulses

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klinger, D.; Sobierajski, R.; Nietubyc, R.; Krzywinski, J.; Pelka, J.; Juha, Libor; Jurek, M.; Zymierska, D.; Guizard, S.; Merdji, H.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 78, Suppl. 10 (2009), S71-S74 ISSN 0969-806X R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KAN300100702; GA MŠk LC510; GA MŠk(CZ) LC528; GA MŠk LA08024; GA AV ČR IAA400100701 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100523 Keywords : polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) * IR laser ablation * femtosecond laser pulse Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers Impact factor: 1.149, year: 2009

  6. Controlling plasma distributions as driving forces for ion migration during fs laser writing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fernandez, Toney Teddy; Siegel, Jan; Hoyo, Jesus; Solis, Javier; Sotillo, Belen; Fernandez, Paloma

    2015-01-01

    The properties of structures written inside dielectrics with high repetition rate femtosecond lasers are known to depend strongly on the complex interplay of a large number of writing parameters. Recently, ion migration within the laser-excited volume has been identified as a powerful mechanism for changing the local element distribution and producing efficient optical waveguides. In this work it is shown that the transient plasma distribution induced during laser irradiation is a reliable monitor for predicting the final refractive index distribution of the waveguide caused by ion migration. By performing in situ plasma emission microscopy during the writing process inside a La-phosphate glass it is found that the long axis of the plasma distribution determines the axis of ion migration, being responsible for the local refractive index increase. This observation is also valid when strong positive or negative spherical aberration is induced, greatly deforming the focal volume and inverting the index profile. Even subtle changes in the writing conditions, such as an inversion of the writing direction (quill writing effect), show up in the form of a modified plasma distribution, which manifests as a modified index distribution. Finally, it is shown that the superior control over the waveguide properties employing the slit shaping technique is caused by the more confined plasma distribution produced. The underlying reasons for this unexpected result are discussed in terms of non-linear propagation and heat accumulation. (paper)

  7. Controlling plasma distributions as driving forces for ion migration during fs laser writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teddy Fernandez, Toney; Siegel, Jan; Hoyo, Jesus; Sotillo, Belen; Fernandez, Paloma; Solis, Javier

    2015-04-01

    The properties of structures written inside dielectrics with high repetition rate femtosecond lasers are known to depend strongly on the complex interplay of a large number of writing parameters. Recently, ion migration within the laser-excited volume has been identified as a powerful mechanism for changing the local element distribution and producing efficient optical waveguides. In this work it is shown that the transient plasma distribution induced during laser irradiation is a reliable monitor for predicting the final refractive index distribution of the waveguide caused by ion migration. By performing in situ plasma emission microscopy during the writing process inside a La-phosphate glass it is found that the long axis of the plasma distribution determines the axis of ion migration, being responsible for the local refractive index increase. This observation is also valid when strong positive or negative spherical aberration is induced, greatly deforming the focal volume and inverting the index profile. Even subtle changes in the writing conditions, such as an inversion of the writing direction (quill writing effect), show up in the form of a modified plasma distribution, which manifests as a modified index distribution. Finally, it is shown that the superior control over the waveguide properties employing the slit shaping technique is caused by the more confined plasma distribution produced. The underlying reasons for this unexpected result are discussed in terms of non-linear propagation and heat accumulation.

  8. TruMicro Series 2000 sub-400 fs class industrial fiber lasers: adjustment of laser parameters to process requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanal, Florian; Kahmann, Max; Tan, Chuong; Diekamp, Holger; Jansen, Florian; Scelle, Raphael; Budnicki, Aleksander; Sutter, Dirk

    2017-02-01

    The matchless properties of ultrashort laser pulses, such as the enabling of cold processing and non-linear absorption, pave the way to numerous novel applications. Ultrafast lasers arrived in the last decade at a level of reliability suitable for the industrial environment.1 Within the next years many industrial manufacturing processes in several markets will be replaced by laser-based processes due to their well-known benefits: These are non-contact wear-free processing, higher process accuracy or an increase of processing speed and often improved economic efficiency compared to conventional processes. Furthermore, new processes will arise with novel sources, addressing previously unsolved challenges. One technical requirement for these exciting new applications will be to optimize the large number of available parameters to the requirements of the application. In this work we present an ultrafast laser system distinguished by its capability to combine high flexibility and real time process-inherent adjustments of the parameters with industry-ready reliability. This industry-ready reliability is ensured by a long experience in designing and building ultrashort-pulse lasers in combination with rigorous optimization of the mechanical construction, optical components and the entire laser head for continuous performance. By introducing a new generation of mechanical design in the last few years, TRUMPF enabled its ultrashort-laser platforms to fulfill the very demanding requirements for passively coupling high-energy single-mode radiation into a hollow-core transport fiber. The laser architecture presented here is based on the all fiber MOPA (master oscillator power amplifier) CPA (chirped pulse amplification) technology. The pulses are generated in a high repetition rate mode-locked fiber oscillator also enabling flexible pulse bursts (groups of multiple pulses) with 20 ns intra-burst pulse separation. An external acousto-optic modulator (XAOM) enables linearization

  9. Third-order optical nonlinearities in bulk and fs-laser inscribed waveguides in strengthened alkali aluminosilcate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Gustavo F. B.; Almeida, Juliana M. P.; Martins, Renato J.; De Boni, Leonardo; Arnold, Craig B.; Mendonca, Cleber R.

    2018-01-01

    The development of advanced photonics devices requires materials with large optical nonlinearities, fast response times and high optical transparency, while at the same time allowing for the micro/nano-processing needed for integrated photonics. In this context, glasses have been receiving considerable attention given their relevant optical properties which can be specifically tailored by compositional control. Corning Gorilla® Glass (strengthened alkali aluminosilicate glass) is well-known for its use as a protective screen in mobile devices, and has attracted interest as a potential candidate for optical devices. Therefore, it is crucial not only to expand the knowledge on the fabrication of waveguides in Gorilla Glass under different regimes, but also to determine its nonlinear optical response, both using fs-laser pulses. Thus, this paper reports, for the first time, characterization of the third-order optical nonlinearities of Gorilla Glass, as well as linear and nonlinear characterization of waveguide written with femtosecond pulses under the low repetition rate regime (1 kHz).

  10. Matching sub-fs electron bunches for laser-driven plasma acceleration at SINBAD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, J., E-mail: jun.zhu@desy.de [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Universität Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany); Assmann, R.W.; Dorda, U.; Marchetti, B. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg (Germany)

    2016-09-01

    We present theoretical and numerical studies of matching sub-femtosecond space-charge-dominated electron bunch into the Laser-plasma Wake Field Accelerator (LWFA) foreseen at the SINBAD facility. The longitudinal space-charge (SC) effect induced growths of the energy spread and longitudinal phase-space chirp are major issues in the matching section, which will result in bunch elongation, emittance growth and spot size dilution. In addition, the transverse SC effect would lead to a mismatch of the beam optics if it were not compensated for. Start-to-end simulations and preliminary optimizations were carried out in order to understand the achievable beam parameters at the entrance of the plasma accelerator.

  11. Laser polarization dependence of proton emission from a thin foil target irradiated by a 70 fs, intense laser pulse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fukumi, A.; Nishiuchi, M.; Daido, H.; Li, Z.; Sagisaka, A.; Ogura, K.; Orimo, S.; Kado, M.; Hayashi, Y.; Mori, M.; Bulanov, S.V.; Esirkepov, T.; Nemoto, K.; Oishi, Y.; Nayuki, T.; Fujii, T.; Noda, A.; Nakamura, S.

    2005-01-01

    A study of proton emission from a 3-μm-thick Ta foil target irradiated by p-, s-, and circularly polarized laser pulses with respect to the target plane has been carried out. Protons with energies up to 880 keV were observed in the target normal direction under the irradiation by the p-polarized laser pulse, which yielded the highest efficiency for proton emission. In contrast, s- and circularly polarized laser pulses gave the maximum energies of 610 and 680 keV, respectively. The difference in the maximum energy between the p- and s-polarized cases was associated with the difference between the sheath fields estimated from electron spectra

  12. Beam shaping of laser diode radiation by waveguides with arbitrary cladding geometry written with fs-laser radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckmann, Dennis; Schnitzler, Daniel; Schaefer, Dagmar; Gottmann, Jens; Kelbassa, Ingomar

    2011-12-05

    Waveguides with arbitrary cross sections are written in the volume of Al(2)O(3)-crystals using tightly focused femtosecond laser radiation. Utilizing a scanning system with large numerical aperture, complex cladding geometries are realized with a precision around 0.5 µm and a scanning speed up to 100 mm/s. Individual beam and mode shaping of laser diode radiation is demonstrated by varying the design of the waveguide cladding. The influence of the writing parameters on the waveguide properties are investigated resulting in a numerical aperture of the waveguides in the range of 0.1. This direct laser writing technique enables optical devices which could possibly replace bulky beam shaping setups with an integrated solution.

  13. High-power parametric amplification of 11.8-fs laser pulses with carrier-envelope phase control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zinkstok, R.T.; Witte, S.; Hogervorst, W.; Eikema, K.S.E.

    2005-01-01

    Phase-stable parametric chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses from a carrier-envelope phase-stabilized mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillator (11.0 fs) to 0.25 mJ/pulse at 1 kHz is demonstrated. Compression with a grating compressor and a LCD shaper yields near-Fourier-limited 11.8-fs pulses

  14. Electric conductivity of PCl{sub 5}-ZrCl{sub 4}, PCl{sub 5}-TaCl{sub 5}, and PCl{sub 5}-MoCl{sub 5} molten mixtures; Ehlektroprovodnost` rasplavlennykh sistem PCl{sub 5}-ZrCl{sub 4}, PCl{sub 5}-TaCl{sub 5}, i PCl{sub 5}-MoCl{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salyulev, A B; Red` kin, A A; Moskalenko, N I [Inst. Vysokotemperaturnoj Ehlektrokhimii UrO RAN, Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    1997-05-01

    When mixing individual molecular melts of PCl{sub 5} with ZrCl{sub 4}, TaCl{sub 5} or with MoCl{sub 5}, an essential (by several orders) increase in electric conductivity (up to 0.02-0.1 Ohm{sup -1}{center_dot}cm{sup -1}), which stems, in all probability, from the appearance of complex ions PCl{sub 4}{sup +}, ZrCl{sub 5}{sup -}, ZrCl{sub 6}{sup 2-}, TaCl{sub 5}{sup -} and MoCl{sub 6}{sup -} in the molten mixtures as a result of chemical interaction. 12 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  15. A 158 fs 5.3 nJ fiber-laser system at 1 mu m using photonic bandgap fibers for dispersion control and pulse compression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, C.K.; Jespersen, Kim Giessmann; Keiding, S.R.

    2006-01-01

    We demonstrate a 158 fs 5.3 nJ mode-locked laser system based on a fiber oscillator, fiber amplifier and fiber compressor. Dispersion compensation in the fiber oscillator was obtained with a solid-core photonic bandgap (SC-PBG) fiber spliced to standard fibers, and external compression is obtained...... with a hollow-core photonic bandgap (HC-PBG) fiber....

  16. 50-fs pulse generation directly from a colliding-pulse mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using an antiresonant ring mirror

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naganuma, Kazunori; Mogi, Kazuo

    1991-05-01

    50-fs pulses were directly generated from a colliding-pulse mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. To achieve the colliding-pulse mode locking, a miniature antiresonant ring containing an organic saturable dye jet was employed as the end mirror for the linear cavity laser. Based on measured dispersion of intracavity elements, a prism pair was implemented to control the cavity dispersion. The generated pulses have no linear chirp but do exhibit parabolic instantaneous frequency owing to third-order dispersion introduced by the prism pair.

  17. Laser assisted removal of synthetic painting-conservation materials using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: Morphological studies on model samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pouli, P.; Nevin, A.; Andreotti, A.; Colombini, P.; Georgiou, S.; Fotakis, C.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to establish the optimal parameters for the cleaning of complex layers of polymers (mainly based on acrylics, vinyls, epoxys known as Elvacite, Laropal, Paraloid B72, among others) applied during past conservation treatments on the surface of wall paintings, laser cleaning tests were performed with particular emphasis on the plausible morphological modifications induced in the remaining polymeric material. Pulse duration effects were studied using laser systems of different pulse durations (ns and fs) at 248 nm. Prior to tests on real fragments from the Monumental Cemetery in Pisa (Italy) which were coated with different polymers, attention was focused on the study of model samples consisting of analogous polymer films cast on quartz disks. Ultraviolet irradiation is strongly absorbed by the studied materials both in ns and fs irradiation regimes. However, it is demonstrated that ultrashort laser pulses result in reduced morphological alterations in comparison to ns irradiation. In addition, the dependence of the observed alterations on the chemical composition of the consolidation materials in both regimes was examined. Most importantly, it was shown that in this specific conservation problem, an optimum cleaning process may rely not only on the minimization of laser-induced morphological changes but also on the exploitation of the conditions that favour the disruption of the adhesion between the synthetic material and the painting.

  18. Detection of carbon monoxide (CO) in sooting hydrocarbon flames using femtosecond two-photon laser-induced fluorescence (fs-TPLIF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yejun; Kulatilaka, Waruna D.

    2018-01-01

    Ultrashort-pulse, femtosecond (fs)-duration, two-photon laser-induced fluorescence (fs-TPLIF) measurements of carbon monoxide (CO) are reported in rich, sooting hydrocarbon flames. CO-TPLIF detection using conventional nanosecond or picosecond lasers are often plagued by photochemical interferences, specifically under fuel-rich flames conditions. In the current study, we investigate the commonly used CO two-photon excitation scheme of the B1Σ+ ← X1Σ+ electronic transition, using approximately 100-fs-duration excitation pulses. Fluorescence emission was observed in the Ångström band originating from directly populated B1Σ+ upper state, as well as, in the third positive band from collisionally populated b3Σ+ upper state. The current work was focused on the Ångström band emission. Interference from nascent C2 emissions originating from hot soot particles in the flame could be reduced to a negligible level using a narrower detection gate width. In contrast, avoiding interferences from laser-generated C2 Swan-band emissions required specific narrowband spectral filtering in sooting flame conditions. The observed less than quadratic laser pulse energy dependence of the TPLIF signal suggests the presence of strong three-photon ionization and stimulated emission processes. In a range of CH4/air and C2H4/air premixed flames investigated, the measured CO fluorescence signals agree well with the calculated equilibrium CO number densities. Reduced-interference CO-TPLIF imaging in premixed C2H4/O2/N2 jet flames is also reported.

  19. Measurement of x-ray emission and thermal transport in near-solid-density plasmas heated by 130 fs laser pulses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Young, B.K.; Wilson, B.G.; Price, D.F.; Stewart, R.E.

    1998-01-01

    Near-solid-density plasmas with peak temperatures of 370±50 eV have been generated using a high-contrast (∼10 -7 ), 400 nm, 130 fs laser pulse of intensity 3x10 17 Wcm -2 at the Ultrashort Pulse Laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The x-ray-emission spectra from thin tracer layers of germanium, tamped by layers of plastic, were measured as a function of target depth. The results qualitatively agree with calculations based on detailed local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) and modified non-LTE spectroscopic opacity models using plasma conditions determined using LASNEX hydrodynamic simulations. No evidence of thermal flux inhibition into the bulk target material was observed. The experiments and detailed simulations are presented. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society

  20. Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) vs. Femtosecond Laser in Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for treatment of myopia.

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Rasmus Søgaard; Lyhne, Niels; Justesen, Birgitte; Grauslund, Jakob; Vestergaard, Anders Højslet

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: - 67 ord LASIK has been the dominating corneal refractive procedure for almost two decades, but the new flap-free SMILE procedure has shown promising results. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare refractive predictability, uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA and CDVA), and safety at 1 day, 1 week and 3 months after SMILE and FS-LASIK for all degrees of myopia, but in particular high myopia. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Odense University Hospit...

  1. Uncorrected and Corrected Distance Visual Acuity, Predictability, Efficacy, and Safety after Femtosecond Laser in Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and Refractive Lenticule extraction (ReLEx) for Moderate and High Myopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Anders; Justesen, Birgitte Larsen; Melsen, Charlotte

    Title: Uncorrected and Corrected Distance Visual Acuity, Predictability, Efficacy, and Safety after Femtosecond Laser in Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and Refractive Lenticule extraction (ReLEx) for Moderate and High Myopia. Vestergaard A., Justesen B., Melsen C., Lyhne N., Department of Ophthal......Title: Uncorrected and Corrected Distance Visual Acuity, Predictability, Efficacy, and Safety after Femtosecond Laser in Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and Refractive Lenticule extraction (ReLEx) for Moderate and High Myopia. Vestergaard A., Justesen B., Melsen C., Lyhne N., Department...... predictability, efficacy and safety after femtosecond LASIK (FS-LASIK) with ReLEx. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark. Methods: Retrospective study of results after FS-LASIK and ReLEx (including ReLEx flex, ReLEx pseudo-smile, and ReLEx smile). In total, 228 eyes were...... treated with FS-LASIK and 83 eyes with ReLEx, at the Department of Ophthalmology, Odense University Hospital in the period of April to November 2011. Only otherwise healthy myopic eyes with up to 3.00 D of astigmatism and with CDVA ≤ 0.30 (logMAR) before surgery were included in this study. FS-LASIK flaps...

  2. Study of nonlinear optical absorption properties of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles in the femtosecond excitation regime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molli, Muralikrishna; Bhat Kademane, Abhijit; Pradhan, Prabin; Sai Muthukumar, V. [Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Department of Physics, Puttaparthi, Andhra Pradesh (India)

    2016-08-15

    In this work, we report for the first time, the nonlinear optical absorption properties of vanadium pentoxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanoparticles in the femtosecond excitation regime. V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles were synthesized through solution combustion technique. The as-synthesized samples were further characterized using XRD, FESEM, EDAX, TEM and UV-visible spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction results revealed the crystalline nature of the nanoparticles. Electron microscopy studies showed the size of the nanoparticles to be ∝200 nm. Open-aperture z-scan technique was employed to study the nonlinear optical absorption behavior of the synthesized samples using a 100-fs laser pulses at 800 nm from a regeneratively amplified Ti: sapphire laser. The mechanism of nonlinear absorption was found to be a three-photon absorption process which was explained using the density of states of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} obtained using density functional theory. These nanoparticles exhibit strong intensity-dependent nonlinear optical absorption and hence could be considered for optical-power-limiting applications. (orig.)

  3. Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE versus Femtosecond Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK for Myopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeren Shen

    Full Text Available The goal of this study was to compare small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE with femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK for treating myopia.The CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed databases and a Chinese database (SinoMed were searched in May of 2016. Twelve studies with 1,076 eyes, which included three randomized controlled trials (RCTs and nine cohorts, met our inclusion criteria. The overall quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE working group framework. Data were extracted and analysed at three to six months postoperatively. Primary outcome measures included a loss of one or more lines of best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA of 20/20 or better, mean logMAR UCVA, postoperative mean spherical equivalent (SE and postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction. Secondary outcome measures included ocular surface disease index (OSDI, tear breakup time (TBUT and Schirmer's 1 test (S1T as dry eye parameters, along with corneal sensitivity.The overall quality of evidence was considered to be low to very low. Pooled results revealed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to a loss of one or more lines in the BSCVA (OR 1.71; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.63; P = 0.16, UCVA of 20/20 or better (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.15; P = 0.16, logMAR UCVA (MD 0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04; P = 0.87, postoperative refractive SE (MD -0.00; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.05; P = 0.97 or postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70 within six months postoperatively. The pooled analysis also indicated that the FS-LASIK group suffered more severely from dry eye symptoms (OSDI; MD -6.68; 95% CI: -11.76, -2.00; P = 0.006 and lower corneal sensitivity (MD 12.40; 95% CI: 10.23, 14.56; P < 0.00001 at six months postoperatively.In conclusion, both FS-LASIK and SMILE are safe

  4. Tunable Direct Writing of FBGs into a Non-Photosensitive Tm-Doped Fiber Core with an fs Laser and Phase Mask

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheng-Wei, Song; Yang, Wang; Yun-Jun, Zhang; You-Lun, Ju

    2009-01-01

    Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) are successfully written in a non-photosensitive Tm-doped single-mode fiber by a 800 nm fs laser and a 2.7 μm period phase mask. The intra-core FBGs are written using the phase mask ±1 order interference, and have a period of 1.35 μm, which responds to the second-order reflective central wavelength at 1946.4 nm. Based on the magnification tuning writing technology, the tunable writing technology is also experimentally investigated. The distance between the phase mask and the fiber, between the phase mask and the tuning lens, and the focal length of the tuning lens all have an influence on the tunable characteristics. Four different FBGs tuning refiective central wavelengths located at 1958.7 nm, 1970.8 nm, 1882.5 nm and 1899.7 nm are obtained

  5. Architecture and Bloch-Maxwell modelling of multi-mJ 100 fs fully-coherent soft X-ray laser based on X-ray CPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeitoun, Ph.; Oliva, E.; Fajardo, M.; Cheriaux, G.; Le, T. T. T.; Li, L.; Pitman, M.; Ros, D.; Sebban, S.; Velarde, P.

    2012-01-01

    By seeding amplifying plasmas pumped with the so-called Transient collisionnal excitation scheme, the amplified pulse seems to be limited to an energy of several 10's of μJ. Aiming to attain several mJ, we study the seeding of plasma pumped by long laser pulse. Thanks to our time-dependent Maxwell-Bloch code, we demonstrate that direct seeding with femtosecond pulse is inefficient. We also study the amplification of pulse train with the drawback of re-synchronizing the pulses. We proposed and studied the amplification of high harmonic seed stretched by a grating pair, amplified finally compressed. We consider off-axis diffraction on the gratings for maximizing their efficiency. Considering the phase deformation induced by the amplification and the spectral narrowing the final pulse is 230 fs in duration and 5 mJ.

  6. Generation of spin waves by a train of fs-laser pulses: a novel approach for tuning magnon wavelength

    OpenAIRE

    Savochkin, I. V.; J?ckl, M.; Belotelov, V. I.; Akimov, I. A.; Kozhaev, M. A.; Sylgacheva, D. A.; Chernov, A. I.; Shaposhnikov, A. N.; Prokopov, A. R.; Berzhansky, V. N.; Yakovlev, D. R.; Zvezdin, A. K.; Bayer, M.

    2017-01-01

    Currently spin waves are considered for computation and data processing as an alternative to charge currents. Generation of spin waves by ultrashort laser pulses provides several important advances with respect to conventional approaches using microwaves. In particular, focused laser spot works as a point source for spin waves and allows for directional control of spin waves and switching between their different types. For further progress in this direction it is important to manipulate with ...

  7. Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) versus Femtosecond Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for Myopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Zeren; Shi, Keda; Yu, Yinhui; Yu, Xiaoning; Lin, Yuchen; Yao, Ke

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The goal of this study was to compare small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) with femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for treating myopia. Methods The CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed databases and a Chinese database (SinoMed) were searched in May of 2016. Twelve studies with 1,076 eyes, which included three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nine cohorts, met our inclusion criteria. The overall quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group framework. Data were extracted and analysed at three to six months postoperatively. Primary outcome measures included a loss of one or more lines of best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) of 20/20 or better, mean logMAR UCVA, postoperative mean spherical equivalent (SE) and postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction. Secondary outcome measures included ocular surface disease index (OSDI), tear breakup time (TBUT) and Schirmer’s 1 test (S1T) as dry eye parameters, along with corneal sensitivity. Results The overall quality of evidence was considered to be low to very low. Pooled results revealed no significant differences between the two groups with regard to a loss of one or more lines in the BSCVA (OR 1.71; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.63; P = 0.16), UCVA of 20/20 or better (OR 0.71; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.15; P = 0.16), logMAR UCVA (MD 0.00; 95% CI: -0.03, 0.04; P = 0.87), postoperative refractive SE (MD -0.00; 95% CI: -0.05, 0.05; P = 0.97) or postoperative refraction within ±1.0 D of the target refraction (OR 0.78; 95% CI: 0.22, 2.77; P = 0.70) within six months postoperatively. The pooled analysis also indicated that the FS-LASIK group suffered more severely from dry eye symptoms (OSDI; MD -6.68; 95% CI: -11.76, -2.00; P = 0.006) and lower corneal sensitivity (MD 12.40; 95% CI: 10.23, 14.56; P LASIK and SMILE are safe, effective and predictable surgical

  8. Theoretical study of structures of Ga{sub 5}N{sub 5} cluster

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song Bin; Cao Peilin

    2002-12-23

    The structures and energies of a Ga{sub 5}N{sub 5} cluster have been calculated using a full-potential linear-muffin-tin-orbital (FP-LMTO) method, combined with molecular dynamics technique. Twenty-four structures for a Ga{sub 5}N{sub 5} cluster have been obtained. The most stable structure is a C{sub 1} planar structure with a N{sub 3} subunit. The Ga{sub 5}N{sub 5} clusters show a preference for a N{sub 3} subunit, revealing the same behavior as in the Ga{sub 3}N{sub 3} and Ga{sub 4}N{sub 4} clusters. The existence of strong N-N bonds dominates the structure of a Ga{sub 5}N{sub 5} cluster. Through the calculation of the density of states we found that the most stable structure of Ga{sub 5}N{sub 5} clusters presented semiconductor-like properties.

  9. Near monochromatic 20 MeV proton acceleration using fs laser irradiating Au foils in target normal sheath acceleration regime

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Torrisi, L.; Cutroneo, Mariapompea; Ceccio, G.; Cannavo, A.; Batani, D.; Boutoux, G.; Jakubowska, K.; Ducret, J. E.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 4 (2016), č. článku 043102. ISSN 1070-664X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP108/12/G108; GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011019 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : Au foils * time-of-flight * laser Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics Impact factor: 2.115, year: 2016

  10. Generation of spin waves by a train of fs-laser pulses: a novel approach for tuning magnon wavelength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savochkin, I V; Jäckl, M; Belotelov, V I; Akimov, I A; Kozhaev, M A; Sylgacheva, D A; Chernov, A I; Shaposhnikov, A N; Prokopov, A R; Berzhansky, V N; Yakovlev, D R; Zvezdin, A K; Bayer, M

    2017-07-18

    Currently spin waves are considered for computation and data processing as an alternative to charge currents. Generation of spin waves by ultrashort laser pulses provides several important advances with respect to conventional approaches using microwaves. In particular, focused laser spot works as a point source for spin waves and allows for directional control of spin waves and switching between their different types. For further progress in this direction it is important to manipulate with the spectrum of the optically generated spin waves. Here we tackle this problem by launching spin waves by a sequence of femtosecond laser pulses with pulse interval much shorter than the relaxation time of the magnetization oscillations. This leads to the cumulative phenomenon and allows us to generate magnons in a specific narrow range of wavenumbers. The wavelength of spin waves can be tuned from 15 μm to hundreds of microns by sweeping the external magnetic field by only 10 Oe or by slight variation of the pulse repetition rate. Our findings expand the capabilities of the optical spin pump-probe technique and provide a new method for the spin wave generation and control.

  11. SeaWiFS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Washington University St Louis — SEAWiFS_US is a high resolution (1km) satellite dataset derived from the eight wavelength SEAWiFS sensor. The dataset also includes the aerosol reflectance over the...

  12. Integration of micro-optics and microfluidics in a glass chip by fs-laser for optofluidic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osellame, Roberto; Martinez, Rebeca; Laporta, Paolo; Ramponi, Roberta; Cerullo, Giulio

    2009-02-01

    A lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is a device that incorporates in a single substrate the functionalities of a biological laboratory, i.e. a network of fluidic channels, reservoirs, valves, pumps and sensors, all with micrometer dimensions. Its main advantages are the possibility of working with small samples quantities (from nano- to picoliters), high sensitivity, speed of analysis and the possibility of measurement automation and standardization. They are becoming the most powerful tools of analytical chemistry with a broad application in life sciences, biotechnology and drug development. The next technological challenge of LOCs is direct on-chip integration of photonic functionalities for sensing of biomolecules flowing in the microchannels. Ultrafast laser processing of the bulk of a dielectric material is a very flexible and simple method to produce photonic devices inside microfluidic chips for capillary electrophoresis (CE) or chemical microreactors. By taking advantage of the unique three-dimensional capabilities of this fabrication technique, more complex functionalities, such as splitters or Mach-Zehnder interferometers, can be implemented. In this work we report on the use of femtosecond laser pulses to fabricate photonic devices (as waveguides, splitters and interferometers) inside commercial CE chips, without affecting the manufacturing procedure of the microfluidic part of the device. The fabrication of single waveguides intersecting the channels allows one to perform absorption or Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) sensing of the molecules separated inside the microchannels. Waveguide splitters are used for multipoint excitation of the microfluidic channel for parallel or higher sensitivity measurements. Finally, Mach-Zehnder interferometers are used for label-free sensing of the samples flowing in the microfluidic channels by means of refractive index changes detection.

  13. Laser-induced damage thresholds of bulk and coating optical materials at 1030  nm, 500  fs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallais, Laurent; Commandré, Mireille

    2014-02-01

    We report on extensive femtosecond laser damage threshold measurements of optical materials in both bulk and thin-film form. This study, which is based on published and new data, involved simple oxide and fluoride films, composite films made from a mixture of two dielectric materials, metallic films, and the surfaces of various bulk materials: oxides, fluorides, semiconductors, and ionic crystals. The samples were tested in comparable conditions at 1030 nm, 375 to 600 fs, under single-pulse irradiation. A large number of different samples prepared by different deposition techniques have been tested, involving classical materials used in the fabrication of optical thin film components (Ag, AlF3, Al2O3, HfO2, MgF2, Nb2O5, Pt, Sc2O3, SiO2, Ta2O5, Y2O3, and ZrO2) and their combination with codeposition processes. Their behaviors are compared with the surfaces of bulk materials (Al2O3, BaF2, CaF2, Ge, KBr, LiF, MgF2, NaCl, Quartz, Si, ZnS, ZnSe, and different silica glasses). Tabulated values of results are presented and discussed.

  14. Energy distribution of the fast electron from Cu and CH targets irradiated with fs-laser pulses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cai Dafeng; Gu Yuqiu; Zheng Zhijian; Zhou Weimin; Jiao Chunye

    2014-01-01

    In order to investigate the effect of target's material on fast electron energy distribution, the energy distribution of fast electrons from the front and the rear of Cu and CH targets have been measured during the interaction of femtosecond laser-foil targets. The results show that the fast electron spectrums from the front of Cu and CH targets are similar, which show energy distribution of fast electrons depends very little on material of targets. The fast electron spectrums from the rear of Cu and CH targets are obviously dissimilar, which indicate a mighty effect of target material on fast electron transport. The fast electron spectrums from the Cu target is 'soften', which is due to electron recirculation and self-magnetic field produced by electrons transported in the target. The fast electron spectrums from the CH target is a Maxwellian distribution, which is due to collision effect when electrons transport in the target. (authors)

  15. Micron Scale Mapping and Depth Profiling of Organic Compounds in Geologic Material: Femtosecond - Laser Desorption Laser Postionization - Mass Spectrometry (fs-LDPI-MS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasterski, M. J.; Barry, G. E.; Hanley, L.; Kenig, F. P. H.

    2017-12-01

    One of the major challenges within the field of organic geochemistry is to determine whether an observed biomarker signature is indigenous (emplaced during sedimentation), non-indigenous (emplaced after sedimentation) or contaminant (incorporated during sampling, storage or analysis). The challenge of determining the mode of emplacement of an observed biomarker signature is accentuated in analyses of Precambrian samples, and may be an issue upon Mars sample return. Current geochemical techniques (e.g. gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, GC-MS, GC×GC-MS) can determine the composition and structure of the organic constituents of a sample. However, the preparatory steps necessary prior to GC-MS analysis (sample crushing, solvent extraction) make it impossible to determine the precise spatial distribution of organic molecules within rocks and sediments. Here, we will present data from the first set of micron (2-5 μm width × 8 μm depth) resolution MS-images of organic compounds in geologic material. Fs-LDPI-MS was utilized to create MS-images of organic compounds in four samples: (1) an Antarctic igneous dike used as a sample blank; (2) a 93 million year-old (Ma) burrowed carbonate collected near Pueblo, CO; (3) a 164 Ma organic rich mudstone collected in central England; and (4) a 2680 Ma metasediment collected in Timmins, ON, Canada. Prior to this study, all samples had been analyzed via GC-MS to determine the bulk hydrocarbon composition. For this study, thick sections (70-100 μm thick) were prepared in-house using custom-designed clean preparation techniques. Petrographic maps of the thick sections were created to highlight geologic features such as burrows (sample 2), particulate organic matter (sample 3) and hydrothermal veins (sample 4). Fs-LDPI-MS analysis was performed on the mapped thick sections. MS-images of targeted organic compounds were created, and the MS-images were overlain with the petrographic maps to determine the spatial distribution of the

  16. Biophysical effects in off-resonant gold nanoparticle mediated (GNOME) laser transfection of cell lines, primary- and stem cells using fs laser pulses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schomaker, Markus; Killian, Doreen; Willenbrock, Saskia; Heinemann, Dag; Kalies, Stefan; Ngezahayo, Anaclet; Nolte, Ingo; Ripken, Tammo; Junghanß, Christian; Meyer, Heiko; Murua Escobar, Hugo; Heisterkamp, Alexander

    2015-08-01

    Gold nanoparticle mediated (GNOME) laser transfection is a powerful technique to deliver small biologically relevant molecules into cells. However, the transfection of larger and especially negatively charged DNA remains challenging. The efficiency for pDNA was 0.57% using parameter that does not influence the endo- and exogenous DNA. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the actual molecule uptake process, the uptake efficiency was determined using molecules of different sizes. It was evaluated that uncharged dextran molecules (2000 kDa) were delivered with an efficiency of 68%. The intracellular distribution of injected molecules was visualized and larger molecules were primary found in the cytoplasm. Patch clamp measurements suggested a permeabilization time up to 15 minutes. The uptake efficiency depended on the size and charge of the molecule to deliver as well as the cell size. A minor role for transfection plays the cell type since primary stem cells were successfully transfected. The perforation efficiency of semi-adherent and suspension cells is influenced by the cell and molecule size. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Structural features of silver-doped phosphate glasses in zone of femtosecond laser-induced modification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasileva, A.A., E-mail: anvsilv@gmail.com [Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Nazarov, I.A. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Department of Physics, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Olshin, P.K.; Povolotskiy, A.V. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Sokolov, I.A. [St.Petersburg State Polytechnical University, St.Petersburg (Russian Federation); LTD “AtomTjazhMash”, St.Petersburg (Russian Federation); Manshina, A.A. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2015-10-15

    Femtosecond (fs) laser writing of two-dimensional microstructures (waveguides) is demonstrated in bulk phosphate glasses doped with silver ions. Silver-content phosphate and silver-content niobium–phosphate glasses with high concentration of silver oxide 55 mol% were used as samples for fs laser writing. The chemical network structure of the synthesized samples is analyzed through Raman spectroscopy and was found to be strongly sensitive to Nb incorporation. It was found that the direct laser writing process enables not only reorganization of glass network, but also formation of color centers and silver nanoparticles that are revealed in appearance of luminescence signal and plasmon absorption. The process of NPs' formation is more efficient for Nb-phosphate glass, while color centers are preferably formed in phosphate glass. - Graphical abstract: Formation of silver NPs on the surface of 0.5Ag{sub 2}O–0.4P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–0,1Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} glass induced by CW laser irradiation. - Highlights: • The structure of 0.5Ag{sub 2}O–0.1Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}–0.4P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and 0.55Ag{sub 2}O–0.45P{sub 2}O{sub 5} glasses was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. • Fs laser writing induces formation of silver NPs in investigated glasses. • Surface plasmon resonance in the absorption spectra confirms the formation of NP. • The possibility of CW laser induced formation of silver NPs on the surface of sample with niobium is shown.

  18. A new approach to theoretical investigations of high harmonics generation by means of fs laser interaction with overdense plasma layers. Combining particle-in-cell simulations with machine learning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mihailescu, A.

    2016-01-01

    Within the past decade, various experimental and theoretical investigations have been performed in the field of high-order harmonics generation (HHG) by means of femtosecond ( fs ) laser pulses interacting with laser produced plasmas. Numerous potential future applications thus arise. Beyond achieving higher conversion efficiency for higher harmonic orders and hence harmonic power and brilliance, there are more ambitious scientific goals such as attaining shorter harmonic wavelengths or reducing harmonic pulse durations towards the attosecond and even the zeptosecond range. High order harmonics are also an attractive diagnostic tool for the laser-plasma interaction process itself. Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulations are known to be one of the most important numerical instruments employed in plasma physics and in laser-plasma interaction investigations. The novelty brought by this paper consists in combining the PIC method with several machine learning approaches. For predictive modelling purposes, a universal functional approximator is used, namely a multi-layer perceptron (MLP), in conjunction with a self-organizing map (SOM). The training sets have been retrieved from the PIC simulations and also from the available literature in the field. The results demonstrate the potential utility of machine learning in predicting optimal interaction scenarios for gaining higher order harmonics or harmonics with particular features such as a particular wavelength range, a particular harmonic pulse duration or a certain intensity. Furthermore, the author will show how machine learning can be used for estimations of electronic temperatures, proving that it can be a reliable tool for obtaining better insights into the fs laser interaction physics.

  19. Evaluation of Biomechanical Changes in Myopia Patients with Unsatisfactory Corneas After Femto Second-Laser In Situ Keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) Concurrent with Accelerated Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking Using Corvis-ST: Two-Year Follow-Up Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Weiwei; Tao, Ye; Wang, Liqiang; Huang, Yifei

    2017-07-27

    BACKGROUND Some myopia patients with unsatisfactory corneas consider corneal refractive surgery for different reasons. Accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking (ACXL) is an effective method to enhance the resistance of the cornea. The present investigation was designed to evaluate the changes of biomechanical properties in patients with myopia and thin corneas after femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) concurrent with ACXL. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective study was designed. A total of 22 eyes of 11 myopia astigmatism patients with unsatisfactory corneas were enrolled. The patients were assigned to femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis concurrent with accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking (FS-LASIK-ACXL). The follow-up duration was 24 months. Manifest refraction, uncorrected (UDVA), and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), ultra-high-speed camera (Corvis-ST), corneal topography, anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT), Pentacam, and endothelial cell density (ECD) were examined before and after the operation. The corneal biomechanical and refractive data was analyzed using SAS9.3. Data were analyzed through normal distribution test and variance of analysis. The difference was considered as statistically significant when pLASIK-ACXL operation. The values of first applanation length (A1L), the second applanation length (A2L), the first applanation velocity (A1V), the second applanation velocity (A2V), deformation amplitude (DA), highest concavity peak distance (PD), and radius of curvature at the time of highest concavity (HCR) did not show significant difference after the operation. CONCLUSIONS FS-LASIK-ACXL is an effective and safe surgery for improving visual acuity for myopic patients with thin corneas, and it does not increase the risk of iatrogenic keratectasia.

  20. Femtosecond laser spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Hannaford, Peter

    2005-01-01

    As concepts and methodologies have evolved over the past two decades, the realm of ultrafast science has become vast and exciting and has impacted many areas of chemistry, biology and physics, and other fields such as materials science, electrical engineering, and optical communication. The field has recently exploded with the announcement of a series of remarkable new developments and advances. This volume surveys this recent growth in eleven chapters written by leading international researchers in the field. It includes sections on femtosecond optical frequency combs, soft x-ray femtosecond laser sources, and attosecond laser sources. In addition, the contributors address real-time spectroscopy of molecular vibrations with sub-5-fs pulses and multidimensional femtosecond coherent spectroscopies for studying molecular and electron dynamics. Novel methods for measuring and characterizing ultrashort laser pulses and ultrashort pulses of light are also described. The topics covered are revolutionizing the field...

  1. Antiferromagnetic CsCrF{sub 5} and canted antiferromagnetism in RbCrF{sub 5} and KCrF{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jagličić, Zvonko, E-mail: zvonko.jaglicic@imfm.si [University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, and Institute of Mathematics, Physics and Mechanics, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Mazej, Zoran, E-mail: zoran.mazej@ijs.si [Department of Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2017-07-15

    Highlights: • Cr(IV) ions are antiferromagnetically coupled within chains in ACrF{sub 5} (A = Cs, Rb, K). • Small structural difference causes huge difference in magnetic properties below 10 K. • Canted antiferromagnetism has been observed in RbCrF{sub 5} and KCrF{sub 5} at low temperature. - Abstract: In ACrF{sub 5} (A = Cs, Rb, K), Cr(IV) ions are coordinated by six fluoride ligands where the resulting CrF{sub 6} octahedra share cis vertexes to form infinite chains of ([Cr{sup IV}F{sub 5}]{sup −}){sub n}. The geometry of the latter in Cs compound differs from that in K and Rb compounds. The results of investigations of the magnetic behaviour of these compounds have shown that an antiferromagnetic superexchange interaction is present within the chains with J{sub Cs} = −10.2 cm{sup −1}, J{sub Rb} = −13.3 cm{sup −1}, and J{sub K} = −13.1 cm{sup −1}. Additional ferromagnetic-like long-range ordering has been observed in KCrF{sub 5} and RbCrF{sub 5} below 6 K which can be explained, in a correlation with their crystal structures, as canted antiferromagnetism.

  2. FS65 Disposition Option Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wenz, Tracy R. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-09-25

    This report outlines the options for dispositioning the MOX fuel stored in FS65 containers at LANL. Additional discussion regarding the support equipment for loading and unloading the FS65 transport containers is included at the end of the report.

  3. The deprotonation energies of BH{sub 5} and AlH{sub 5}: Comparisons to GaH{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Speakman, Lucas D. [Center for Computational Chemistry, University of Georgia, 1004 Cedar Street, Athens, GA 30602-2556 (United States)], E-mail: speakman@ccqc.uga.edu; Turney, Justin M. [Center for Computational Chemistry, University of Georgia, 1004 Cedar Street, Athens, GA 30602-2556 (United States); Schaefer, Henry F. [Center for Computational Chemistry, University of Georgia, 1004 Cedar Street, Athens, GA 30602-2556 (United States)

    2007-01-08

    Hypercoordinate boron is most unusual, leading to considerable theoretical and experimental research on the parent BH{sub 5} molecule. The deprotonation energies of BH{sub 5} and the related molecules AlH{sub 5} and GaH{sub 5} have been of particular interest. Here the energy differences for XH{sub 5}->XH{sub 4}{sup -}+H(X=BandAl) are computed to be 332.4 and 326.3kcalmol{sup -1}, respectively, with an aug-cc-pVQZ basis set at the CCSD(T) level of theory. Vibrational frequencies for BH{sub 4}{sup -} and AlH{sub 4}{sup -} are also reported as 1098, 1210, 2263, and 2284cm{sup -1} and 760, 779, 1658, and 1745cm{sup -1}, respectively, again at the CCSD(T) aug-cc-pVQZ level of theory. Comparisons with the valence isoelectronic GaH{sub 5} molecule are made.

  4. Decay of cystalline order and equilibration during the solid-to-plasma transition induced by 20-fs microfocused 92-eV free-electron-laser pulses

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Galtier, E.; Rosmej, F.B.; Dzelzainis, T.; Riley, D.; Khattak, F.Y.; Heimann, P.; Lee, R. W.; Nelson, A.J.; Vinko, S.M.; Whitcher, T.; Wark, J. S.; Tschentscher, T.; Toleikis, S.; Fäustlin, R.R.; Sobierajski, R.; Jurek, M.; Juha, Libor; Chalupský, Jaromír; Hájková, Věra; Kozlová, Michaela; Krzywinski, J.; Nagler, B.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 106, č. 16 (2011), "164801-1"-"164801-4" ISSN 0031-9007 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP208/10/2302; GA MŠk LA08024; GA AV ČR IAAX00100903; GA MŠk(CZ) ME10046 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100523 Keywords : X-ray lasers * free-electron lasers * X-ray emission spectroscopy Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers Impact factor: 7.370, year: 2011

  5. Electric transport properties of the pentatelluride materials HfTe{sub 5} and ZrTe{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tritt, T M; Wilson, M L; Littleton, R L [and others

    1997-07-01

    The authors have measured the resistivity and thermopower of single crystals as well as polycrystalline pressed powders of the low-dimensional pentatelluride materials: HfTe{sub 5} and ZrTe{sub 5}. They have performed these measurements as a function of temperature between 5K and 320K. In the single crystals there is a peak in the resistivity for both materials at a peak temperature, T{sub p} where T{sub p} {approx} 80K for HfTe{sub 5} and T{sub p} {approx} 145K for ZrTe{sub 5}. Both materials exhibit a large p-type thermopower around room temperature which undergoes a change to n-type below the peak. These data are similar to behavior observed previously in these materials. They have also synthesized pressed powders of polycrystalline pentatelluride materials, HfTe{sub 5} and ZrTe{sub 5}. They have measured the resistivity and thermopower of these polycrystalline materials as a function of temperature between 5K and 320K. For the polycrystalline material, the room temperature thermopower for each of these materials is relatively high, +95 {micro}V/K and +65 {micro}V/K for HfTe{sub 5} and ZrTe{sub 5}, respectively. These values compare closely to thermopower values for single crystals of these materials. At 77 K, the thermopower is +55 {micro}V/K for HfTe{sub 5} and +35 {micro}V/K for ZrTe{sub 5}. In fact, the thermopower for the polycrystals decreases monotonically with temperature to T {approx} 5K, thus exhibiting p-type behavior over the entire range of temperature. As expected, the resistivity for the polycrystals is higher than the single crystal material, with values of 430 m{Omega}-cm and 24 m{Omega}-cm for HfTe{sub 5} and ZrTe{sub 5} respectively, compared to single crystal values of 0.35 m{Omega}-cm (HfTe{sub 5}) and 1.0 m{Omega}-cm (ZrTe{sub 5}). The authors have found that the peak in the resistivity evident in both single crystal materials is absent in these polycrystalline materials. They will discuss these materials in relation to their potential as

  6. Magnetoelastic behaviour of Gd sub 5 Ge sub 4

    CERN Document Server

    Magen, C; Algarabel, P A; Marquina, C; Ibarra, M R

    2003-01-01

    A complete investigation of the complex magnetic behaviour of Gd sub 5 Ge sub 4 by means of linear thermal expansion and magnetostriction measurements (5-300 K, 0-120 kOe) has been carried out. Our results support the suggested existence in this system of a coupled crystallographic-magnetic transition from a Gd sub 5 Ge sub 4 -type Pnma (antiferromagnetic) to a Gd sub 5 Si sub 4 -type Pnma (ferromagnetic) state. Strong magnetoelastic effects are observed at the field-induced first-order magnetic-martensitic transformation. A revised magnetic and crystallographic H- T phase diagram is proposed.

  7. AB/sub 5/-catalyzed hydrogen evolution cathodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, D E; Sawada, T; Shepard, V R; Tsujikawa, Y

    1984-01-01

    The AB/sub 5/ metal compounds are highly efficient hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts in alkaline electrolyte. Three types of AB/sub 5/-catalyzed cathode structures were made, using the hydride-forming AB/sub 5/ compounds in particulate form. Plastic-bonded cathodes containing >90 w/o AB/sub 5/ (finished-weight basis) were the most efficient, giving hydrogen evolution overpotentials (/eta/ /SUB H2/ ) of about 0.05 V at 200 mA cm/sup -2/. However, they tended to swell and shed material during electrolysis. Pressed, sintered cathodes containing 40-70 w/o catalyst in a nickel binder gave /eta/ /SUB H2/ about0.08 V; catalyst retention was excellent. Porous, sintered cathode coatings were made with 30-70 w/o AB/sub 5/ catalyst loadings. Their overpotentials were similar to those of the pressed, sintered cathodes. However, at catalyst loadings below about 40 w/o, high overpotentials characteristic of the nickel binder were observed. The structural and electrochemical properties of the three AB/sub 5/-catalyzed cathodes are discussed.

  8. Observation of ions with energies above 100 keV produced by the interaction of a 60-fs laser pulse with clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobosz, S.; Schmidt, M.; Perdrix, M.; Meynadier, P.; Gobert, O.; Normand, D.; Ellert, K.; Blenski, T.; Faenov, A.Ya.; Magunov, A.I.; Pikuz, T.A.; Skobelev, I.Yu.; Andreev, N.E.

    1999-01-01

    The x-ray spectra of a plasma generated by heating CO 2 and Ar clusters with high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses with q las ≅10 18 W/cm 2 are investigated. Spatially resolved x-ray spectra of a cluster plasma are obtained for the first time. Photoionization absorption is observed to influence the spectral line profiles. The recorded features of the x-ray emission spectra definitely indicate the existence of a large relative number of excited ions (≅10 -2 -10 -3 ) with energies of 0.1-1 MeV in such a plasma. Possible mechanisms underlying the acceleration of ions to high energies are discussed. It is shown that the experimental results can be attributed to the influence of ponderomotive forces in standing waves generated by the reflection of laser radiation from the clusters

  9. Unified model of plasma formation, bubble generation and shock wave emission in water for fs to ns laser pulses (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Xiao-Xuan; Freidank, Sebastian; Linz, Norbert; Paltauf, Günther; Zhang, Zhenxi; Vogel, Alfred

    2017-03-01

    We developed modeling tools for optical breakdown events in water that span various phases reaching from breakdown initiation via solvated electron generation, through laser induced-plasma formation and temperature evolution in the focal spot to the later phases of cavitation bubble dynamics and shock wave emission and applied them to a large parameter space of pulse durations, wavelengths, and pulse energies. The rate equation model considers the interplay of linear absorption, photoionization, avalanche ionization and recombination, traces thermalization and temperature evolution during the laser pulse, and portrays the role of thermal ionization that becomes relevant for T > 3000 K. Modeling of free-electron generation includes recent insights on breakdown initiation in water via multiphoton excitation of valence band electrons into a solvated state at Eini = 6.6 eV followed by up-conversion into the conduction band level that is located at 9.5 eV. The ability of tracing the temperature evolution enabled us to link the model of laser-induced plasma formation with a hydrodynamic model of plasma-induced pressure evolution and phase transitions that, in turn, traces bubble generation and dynamics as well as shock wave emission. This way, the amount of nonlinear energy deposition in transparent dielectrics and the resulting material modifications can be assessed as a function of incident laser energy. The unified model of plasma formation and bubble dynamics yields an excellent agreement with experimental results over the entire range of investigated pulse durations (femtosecond to nanosecond), wavelengths (UV to IR) and pulse energies.

  10. Spectroscopic and laser characterization of Yb.sub.0.15./sub.:(Lu.sub.x./sub.Y.sub.1-x./sub.).sub.3./sub.Al.sub.5./sub.O.sub.12./sub. ceramics with different Lu/Y balance

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pirri, A.; Toci, G.; Li, J.; Xie, T.; Pan, Y.; Babin, Vladimir; Beitlerová, Alena; Nikl, Martin; Vannini, M.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 16 (2016), s. 17832-17842 ISSN 1094-4087 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : lasers and laser optics * rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers * tunable lasers * laser materials Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers Impact factor: 3.307, year: 2016

  11. High-resolution spectroscopy of jet-cooled CH{sub 5}{sup +}: Progress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savage, C.; Dong, F.; Nesbitt, D. J. [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)

    2015-01-22

    Protonated methane (CH{sub 5}{sup +}) is thought to be a highly abundant molecular ion in interstellar medium, as well as a potentially bright μwave- mm wave emitter that could serve as a tracer for methane. This paper describes progress and first successful efforts to obtain a high resolution, supersonically cooled spectrum of CH{sub 5}{sup +} in the 2900-3100 cm{sup −1} region, formed in a slit supersonic discharge at low jet temperatures and with sub-Doppler resolution. Short term precision in frequency measurement (< 5 MHz on an hour time scale) is obtained from a thermally controlled optical transfer cavity servoloop locked onto a frequency stabilized HeNe laser. Long term precision (< 20 MHz day-to-day) due to pressure, temperature and humidity dependent index of refraction effects in the optical transfer cavity is also present and discussed.

  12. Antiferromagnetic ordering in GdRhIn{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Latka, K.; Rams, M. [Marian Smoluchowski Inst. of Physics, Jagiellonian Univ., Krakow (Poland); Kmiec, R.; Pacyna, A.W. [Henryk Niewodniczanski Inst. of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland); Zaremba, V.I. [Inorganic Chemistry Dept., Ivan Franko National Univ. of Lviv, Lviv (Ukraine); Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Univ. Muenster (Germany); Poettgen, R. [Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Univ. Muenster (Germany)

    2004-09-01

    A polycrystalline sample of tetragonal GdRhIn{sub 5} (HoCoGa{sub 5} type, space group P4/mmm) was obtained by induction melting of the elements in a glassy carbon crucible in a water-cooled sample chamber and subsequent annealing at 670 K. X-ray powder data yielded the cell parameters a = 460.65(7), c = 743.52(12) pm. The magnetic and electronic properties of GdRhIn{sub 5} have been studied by magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, and {sup 155}Gd Moessbauer spectroscopic measurements. Antiferromagnetic ordering is detected at 41.0(2) K. The results are discussed using a simple molecular field approximation. (orig.)

  13. All-fiber interferometer-based repetition-rate stabilization of mode-locked lasers to 10-14-level frequency instability and 1-fs-level jitter over 1  s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Dohyeon; Kim, Jungwon

    2017-12-15

    We report on all-fiber Michelson interferometer-based repetition-rate stabilization of femtosecond mode-locked lasers down to 1.3×10 -14 frequency instability and 1.4 fs integrated jitter in a 1 s time scale. The use of a compactly packaged 10 km long single-mode fiber (SMF)-28 fiber link as a timing reference allows the scaling of phase noise at a 10 GHz carrier down to -80  dBc/Hz at 1 Hz Fourier frequency. We also tested a 500 m long low-thermal-sensitivity fiber as a reference and found that, compared to standard SMF-28 fiber, it can mitigate the phase noise divergence by ∼10  dB/dec in the 0.1-1 Hz Fourier frequency range. These results suggest that the use of a longer low-thermal-sensitivity fiber may achieve sub-femtosecond integrated timing jitter with sub-10 -14 -level frequency instability in repetition rate by a simple and robust all-fiber-photonic method.

  14. Mechanical, electronic and thermal properties of Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf by first-principles calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yi, Guohui [State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Zhang, Xinyu, E-mail: xyzhang@ysu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Qin, Jiaqian, E-mail: jiaqianqin@gmail.com [Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Ning, Jinliang; Zhang, Suhong; Ma, Mingzhen; Liu, Riping [State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China)

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • The mechanical and fundamental thermal data of Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf are determined. • The technologically important elastic anisotropy is obtained and discussed according to its industrial applications. • The brittle/ductile and bonding nature of Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf are analyzed in details. - Abstract: The structural, elastic, electronic and thermodynamic properties of Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf compounds are investigated by first-principles calculations combined with the quasi-harmonic Debye model. The calculated lattice parameters of cubic AuBe{sub 5}-type Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf agree well with available experimental and other theoretical results and the formation enthalpy calculations show that AuBe{sub 5}-type Cu{sub 5}Hf is more energetically stable than the competing hexagonal CaCu{sub 5}-type phase. The mechanical properties such as mechanical stabilities, anisotropy character, ductility (estimated from the value of B/G, Poisson’s ratio υ and Cauchy pressures C{sub 12}–C{sub 44}) and thermodynamic properties such as volume change under temperature and pressure (V/V{sub 0}), heat capacity (C{sub v}), Debye temperature (Θ), thermal expansion coefficient (α) of AuBe{sub 5}-type Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf are calculated together. Cu{sub 5}Hf has better performances than Cu{sub 5}Zr with higher hardness and better resistance to fracture which are rationalized from the calculated electronic structure (including density of states, charge density distributions, Mulliken’s population analysis) and we find that all ionic, covalent and metallic components exist in bonding of Cu{sub 5}Zr and Cu{sub 5}Hf but the covalent bonding in Cu{sub 5}Hf is stronger.

  15. Ga and Pt NMR study of UPtGa sub 5 and UNiGa sub 5

    CERN Document Server

    Kato, H; Tokunaga, Y; Tokiwa, Y; Ikeda, S; Onuki, Y; Kambe, S; Walstedt, R E

    2003-01-01

    Ga and Pt NMR measurements have been carried out for two isomorphs compounds, UPtGa sub 5 and UNiGa sub 5 , which exhibit different magnetic structures below T sub N. Knight shift K measurements in the paramagnetic region are reported here. The transferred hyperfine coupling constants at Ga and Pt sites are determined. The temperature independent part K sub 0 of K, which probes the conduction electron polarization at the ligand site, has been successfully evaluated. A nearly identical conduction electron structure in the paramagnetic region is suggested for these two compounds. The origin of the different magnetic structures is discussed.

  16. Structure and physical properties of Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3}-type Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan, Fang; Forbes, Scott [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Ramachandran, Krishna Kumar [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G2 (Canada); Mozharivskyj, Yurij, E-mail: mozhar@mcmaster.ca [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    2015-11-25

    The Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3}-type Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} phase was prepared by arc-melting, while the Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3}-type Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} one was synthesized through sintering at 1000 °C. X-ray single crystal diffraction was employed to elucidate their structure. According to the magnetization measurements, both Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} are Pauli paramagnets, with Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} showing a Curie-Weiss-like paramagnetic behavior at low temperatures likely due to presence of paramagnetic impurity. Both Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} display a very low electrical resistivity from 2 to 300 K. The resistivity is constant below 20 K, but displays a positive temperature coefficient above 20 K. Electronic structure calculations with the TB-LMTO-ASA method support the metallic character of the two phases and suggest that the bonding is optimized in both phases. - Highlights: • Synthesis of Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3}-type Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} phases with high purity by arc-melting and sintering, respectively. • Magnetization data and electrical resistivity of the Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3}-type Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} phases. • Crystal and electronic structure analysis for Ta{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Ta{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} phase by X-ray diffraction and TB-LMTO-ASA calculations.

  17. Preparation, photoluminescent properties and luminescent dynamics of BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Wei [Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116023 (China); College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Hua, Ruinian, E-mail: rnhua@dlnu.edu.cn [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Liu, Tianqing, E-mail: liutq@dlut.edu.cn [Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116023 (China); Zhao, Jun [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); Na, Liyan [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Chen, Baojiu [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)

    2014-12-15

    Graphical abstract: Rice-shaped BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors were synthesized via one-pot hydrothermal process. The as-prepared BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} are composed of many particles with an average diameter of 40 nm. When excited at 260 nm, the sharp line emission located at 361 nm of Eu{sup 2+} was observed. The optimum doping concentration of Eu{sup 2+} was confirmed to be 5 mol%. The strong ultraviolet emission of Eu{sup 2+} ions in BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanoparticles suggests that these nanoparticles may have potential applications for sensing, solid-state lasers and spectrometer calibration. - Highlights: • BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors were synthesized via a mild hydrothermal process. • The Van and Huang models were used to research the mechanism of concentration quenching. • The optimum doping concentration of Eu2+ was confirmed to be 5 mol%. - Abstract: Eu{sup 2+}-doped BaAlF{sub 5} nanophosphors were synthesized via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The final products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. XRD results showed that the prepared samples are single-phase. The FE-SEM and TEM images indicated that the prepared BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors are composed of many rice-shaped particles with an average diameter of 40 nm. When excited at 260 nm, BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors exhibit the sharp line emissions of Eu{sup 2+} at room temperature. The optimum doping concentration of Eu{sup 2+} was confirmed to be 5 mol%. The Van and Huang models were used to study the mechanism of concentration quenching and the electric dipole–dipole interaction between Eu{sup 2+} can be deduced to be a dominant for quenching fluorescence in BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors. The strong ultraviolet emission of Eu{sup 2+} in BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors suggests that

  18. In search of ancient biomarkers: Using femtosecond - Laser Desorption Post Ionization - Mass Spectrometry (fs-LDPI-MS) to map organic compounds within ca. 2.7 Ga samples from the Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasterski, M. J.; Barry, G.; Hanley, L.; Kenig, F. P. H.

    2016-12-01

    One of the major challenges within the field of organic geochemistry is to determine whether an observed biomarker signature was emplaced during sedimentation (indigenous), after sedimentation via the post-depositional migration of fluids (non-indigenous), or during sampling, storage, or analysis (contaminant). Current geochemical techniques (e.g. gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, GC-MS and GCxGC-MS) can effectively determine the composition and structure of the organic constituents of a sample. However, because of the multiple preparatory steps necessary prior to GC-MS analysis (sample crushing, solvent extraction, organic fraction separation) it is impossible to precisely determine the spatial relationship between the host sample and the organic molecules within. We used an MS imaging method developed by Prof. Luke Hanley at the University of Illinois at Chicago, femtosecond-laser desorption post ionization-MS (fs-LDPI-MS), to map the organics within previously characterized ca.2.7 billion year old (Ga) metasediments from the Abitibi greenstone belt near Timmins, ON, Canada. We then compared the MS images to petrographic observations that displayed the distribution of mineral species with well constrained mineralization ages as well as fluid inclusions within the samples. Fluid inclusions are formed during mineralization and have the ability to remain intact over long timescales (up to billions of years), protecting the fluids inside from the introduction of non-indigenous and contaminant biomarkers. Although migrating post-depositional fluids can remineralize sediments, fluid inclusions associated with secondary additions are focused along grain boundaries and microfractures (secondary inclusions), thus, inclusions which are located within grain boundaries can be considered primary and the age of their formation can be determined relative to the host rock. Preliminary results indicate that previously observed biomarkers may be linked to a series of

  19. Hard X-ray MCD in GdNi/sub 5/ and TbNi/sub 5/ single crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Galera, R M

    1999-01-01

    XMCD experiments have been performed at the R L/sub 2,3/ and Ni K- edges on magnetically saturated single crystals of GdNi/sub 5/ and Tb Ni/sub 5/ ferromagnetic compounds. The spectra present huge and well structured dichroic $9 signals at both the R L/sub 2,3/ and the Ni K- edges. Structures from the quadrupolar (2p to 4f) transitions are clearly observed at the R L/sub 2,3/-edges. Though Ni is not magnetic, large intensities, up to 0.4, are measured at the $9 Ni K- edge. The Ni K-edge XMCD shows a three-peak structure which intensities dependent on the rare earth. (7 refs).

  20. LIAD-fs: A novel method for studies of ultrafast processes in gas phase neutral biomolecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calvert, C R; Kelly, O; Duffy, M J; Belshaw, L; King, R B; Williams, I D; Greenwood, J B

    2012-01-01

    A new experimental technique for femtosecond (fs) pulse studies of gas phase biomolecules is reported. Using Laser-Induced Acoustic Desorption (LIAD) to produce a plume of neutral molecules, a time-delayed fs pulse is employed for ionisation/fragmentation, with subsequent products extracted and mass analysed electrostatically. By varying critical laser pulse parameters, this technique can be used to implement control over molecular fragmentation for a range of small biomolecules, with specific studies of amino acids demonstrated.

  1. Fundus oculi pigmentation studies simulating the fs-LASIK process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sander, M; Tetz, M R [Berlin Eye Research Institute, Alt Moabit 101b, 10559 Berlin (Germany); Minet, O; Zabarylo, U [Charite Centrum 6, Arbeitsgruppe Medizinische Physik/Optische Diagnostik, Fabeckstrasse 60–62, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Mueller, M [Augenklinik Ahaus, Am Schlossgraben 13, 48683 Ahaus (Germany)

    2012-06-15

    The femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis (fs-LASIK) technique has successfully entered the refractive surgery market to correct ametropia by cutting transparent corneal tissue with ultra-short laser pulses based on photodisruption. The laser pulses in the near infrared range (NIR) generate a laser-induced breakdown (LIOB) in the cornea. By propagating through the eye, a certain amount of the pulse is deposited in the cornea and the remaining energy interacts with the strong absorbing tissue behind. Due to the absorption by the retinal pigment epithelium and the transfer of the thermal energy to surrounding tissue, the transmitted energy can induce damage to the retina. The aim of this project was to find out the threshold influences concerning the tissue and the correlation between the results of the macroscopical appraisal and the fundus oculi pigmentation by simulating the fs-LASIK procedure with two various laser systems in the continuous wave (CW) and fs-regime. Therefore ex-vivo determinations were carried out macroscopically and histopathologically on porcine tissue.

  2. Fundus oculi pigmentation studies simulating the fs-LASIK process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sander, M; Tetz, M R; Minet, O; Zabarylo, U; Mueller, M

    2012-01-01

    The femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis (fs-LASIK) technique has successfully entered the refractive surgery market to correct ametropia by cutting transparent corneal tissue with ultra-short laser pulses based on photodisruption. The laser pulses in the near infrared range (NIR) generate a laser-induced breakdown (LIOB) in the cornea. By propagating through the eye, a certain amount of the pulse is deposited in the cornea and the remaining energy interacts with the strong absorbing tissue behind. Due to the absorption by the retinal pigment epithelium and the transfer of the thermal energy to surrounding tissue, the transmitted energy can induce damage to the retina. The aim of this project was to find out the threshold influences concerning the tissue and the correlation between the results of the macroscopical appraisal and the fundus oculi pigmentation by simulating the fs-LASIK procedure with two various laser systems in the continuous wave (CW) and fs-regime. Therefore ex-vivo determinations were carried out macroscopically and histopathologically on porcine tissue

  3. Nonlinear side effects of fs pulses inside corneal tissue during photodisruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisterkamp, A.; Ripken, T.; Mamom, T.; Drommer, W.; Welling, H.; Ertmer, W.; Lubatschowski, H.

    In order to evaluate the potential for refractive surgery, fs laser pulses of 150-fs pulse duration were used to process corneal tissue of dead and living animal eyes. By focusing the laser radiation down to spot sizes of several microns, very precise cuts could be achieved inside the treated cornea, accompanied with minimum collateral damage to the tissue by thermal or mechanical effects. During histo-pathological analysis by light and transmission electron microscopy considerable side effects of fs photodisruption were found. Due to the high intensities at the focal region several nonlinear effects occurred. Self-focusing, photodissociation, UV-light production were observed, leading to streak formation inside the cornea.

  4. Fundus oculi pigmentation studies simulating the fs-LASIK process Fundus oculi pigmentation studies simulating the fs-LASIK process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, M.; Minet, O.; Zabarylo, U.; Müller, M.; Tetz, M. R.

    2012-06-01

    The femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis (fs-LASIK) technique has successfully entered the refractive surgery market to correct ametropia by cutting transparent corneal tissue with ultra-short laser pulses based on photodisruption. The laser pulses in the near infrared range (NIR) generate a laser-induced breakdown (LIOB) in the cornea. By propagating through the eye, a certain amount of the pulse is deposited in the cornea and the remaining energy interacts with the strong absorbing tissue behind. Due to the absorption by the retinal pigment epithelium and the transfer of the thermal energy to surrounding tissue, the transmitted energy can induce damage to the retina. The aim of this project was to find out the threshold influences concerning the tissue and the correlation between the results of the macroscopical appraisal and the fundus oculi pigmentation by simulating the fs-LASIK procedure with two various laser systems in the continuous wave (CW) and fs-regime. Therefore ex-vivo determinations were carried out macroscopically and histopathologically on porcine tissue.

  5. Single-shot 35 fs temporal resolution electron shadowgraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scoby, C. M.; Li, R. K.; Threlkeld, E.; To, H.; Musumeci, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

    2013-01-14

    We obtain single-shot time-resolved shadowgraph images of the electromagnetic fields resulting from the interaction of a high intensity ultrashort laser pulse with a metal surface. Using a high brightness relativistic electron beam and a high streaking speed radiofrequency deflector, we report <35 fs temporal resolution enabling a direct visualization of the retarded-time dominated field evolution which follows the laser-induced charge emission. A model including the finite signal propagation speed well reproduces the data and yields measurements of fundamental parameters in short pulse laser-matter interaction such as the amount of emitted charge and the emission time scale.

  6. Single-shot 35 fs temporal resolution electron shadowgraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scoby, C. M.; Li, R. K.; Threlkeld, E.; To, H.; Musumeci, P.

    2013-01-01

    We obtain single-shot time-resolved shadowgraph images of the electromagnetic fields resulting from the interaction of a high intensity ultrashort laser pulse with a metal surface. Using a high brightness relativistic electron beam and a high streaking speed radiofrequency deflector, we report <35 fs temporal resolution enabling a direct visualization of the retarded-time dominated field evolution which follows the laser-induced charge emission. A model including the finite signal propagation speed well reproduces the data and yields measurements of fundamental parameters in short pulse laser-matter interaction such as the amount of emitted charge and the emission time scale.

  7. NMR and magnetic studies of mechanically alloyed Co sub 7 sub 5 Ti sub 2 sub 5

    CERN Document Server

    Hiraoka, K; Tomiyoshi, S

    2003-01-01

    We have measured zero field sup 5 sup 9 Co NMR, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and magnetization in ferromagnetic mechanically alloyed Co sub 7 sub 5 Ti sub 2 sub 5 powder as a function of milling time at 4.2 K. The XRD patterns showed that the sample is primarily in an amorphous phase after a short milling time of 10 h, and no clear amorphous-crystalline phase transformation is detected with further milling. The NMR results revealed that successive phase transformations occur with milling, and the amorphous phase consists of small clusters of such ferromagnetic phases as fcc-Co sub 3 Ti, hexagonal-Co sub 2 Ti, bcc-Co sub 3 Ti, fcc-Co and fcc-Co-Ti solid solution depending on the milling time. The bcc-Co sub 3 Ti phase, being metastable, is a disordered one in contrast to the ordered fcc-Co sub 3 Ti phase and has a Co magnetic moment larger than that of fcc-Co sub 3 Ti. We suggest that the precipitation of Co plays an important role in the cyclic phase transformation, which was previously reported. (author)

  8. First Principles Investigation of the Mechanical, Thermodynamic and Electronic Properties of FeSn{sub 5} and CoSn{sub 5} Intermetallic Phases under Pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Wenming; Liu, Jing; Wang, Hong [China Building Materials Academy, Beijing (China); Zhang, Zhenwei [Linyi Academy of Technology Cooperation and Application, Linyi (China); Zhang, Liang [NeoTrident Technology Ltd., Shanghai (China); Bu, Yuxiang [Shandong University, Jinan (China)

    2017-02-15

    For guidance for developing Fe/Co-Sn-based anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the mechanical, thermodynamic and electronic properties of FeSn{sub 5} and CoSn{sub 5} intermetallic phases under pressures ranging from 0 to 30 GPa have been investigated systematically using first-principles total-energy calculations within the framework of the generalized gradient approximation. The pressure was found to have significant effects on the mechanical, thermodynamic and electronic properties of these compounds. In the selected pressure range, CoSn{sub 5} has a more negative formation enthalpy than FeSn{sub 5}. Based on the calculated elastic constants, the bulk modulus, shear modulus, and Young's modulus were determined via the Viogt-Reuss-Hill averaging scheme. The variations of specific heats at constant volume for FeSn{sub 5} and CoSn{sub 5} in a wide pressure (0 - 30 GPa) and temperature (0 - 1000 K) range are also predicted from phonon density of states calculation. The calculated results suggested that both FeSn{sub 5} and CoSn{sub 5} are mechanically stable at pressure from 0 to 30 GPa. FeSn{sub 5} is dynamically stable at pressure up to, 30 GPa, at least, however, CoSn{sub 5} is dynamically stable no higher than 15 GPa.

  9. Solubility of hydrogen in LaNi{sub 5}-, LaCo{sub 5}- und LaNi{sub 5-x}Co{sub x}-alloys; Die Wasserstoff-Loeslichkeit in LaNi{sub 5}-, LaCo{sub 5}- und LaNi{sub 5-x}Co{sub x}-Legierungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlotfeld, K.

    2004-07-01

    Hydrogen absorption isotherms of the alloys LaNi{sub 5}, LaNi{sub 4}Co, LaNi{sub 3}Co{sub 2} and LaCo{sub 5} were measured with an electronic microbalance between 313 and 533 K and between 0.01 and 120 bar. The unit cells of the binary alloys LaNi{sub 5} and LaCo{sub 5} contain a large number of interstitial sites of various kinds, which have to be considered for the occupation with hydrogen. Initially, the larger sites, which require the lowest energy, are filled. At rising concentrations the smaller sites associated with higher energy are successively entered. However, even at the highest hydrogen pressures of 1000 bar applied so far, most interstitial sites remain empty, due to an empirical rule which is theoretically well understood, that the dissolved hydrogen atoms cannot approach each other closer than the minimal distance of 0.21 nm. These conditions lead to a maximal hydrogen/metal ratio of 1.5 at 1000 bar and of roughly 1.2 at 150 bar. A statistical description of the two binary alloys has already been presented by Brodowsky, Yasuda, and Itagaki, which includes the energy differences of hydrogen in the various classes of sites. For the interpretation of the miscibility gaps below a critical temperature the influence of the volume expansion of the dissolved hydrogen on the excess functions was taken into account, similarly the shift of the Fermi energy of the system. In the ternary alloys, there is the complication that the energy of the sites is not is not equal within each group but that the levels have a distribution according to the number of Ni or Co atoms, respectively, around a particular interstitial site. Although this splitting up of the energy levels could not be treated quantitatively, it was very evident in the juxtaposition of the absorption isotherms of the various alloys. The measurements have shown, that the plateau pressure, which is important for the practical application of these alloys, is lowered in steps in the transition from LaNi{sub

  10. Twistor methods for AdS{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamo, Tim; Skinner, David; Williams, Jack [Department of Applied Mathematics & Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge,Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA United Kingdom (United Kingdom)

    2016-08-30

    We consider the application of twistor theory to five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. The twistor space of AdS{sub 5} is the same as the ambitwistor space of the four-dimensional conformal boundary; the geometry of this correspondence is reviewed for both the bulk and boundary. A Penrose transform allows us to describe free bulk fields, with or without mass, in terms of data on twistor space. Explicit representatives for the bulk-to-boundary propagators of scalars and spinors are constructed, along with twistor action functionals for the free theories. Evaluating these twistor actions on bulk-to-boundary propagators is shown to produce the correct two-point functions.

  11. “Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 7}” is Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nalbandyan, V.B.

    2017-05-15

    It is shown that the compound known as Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 7} and considered as a promising catalyst and oxidation product of alloys does not exist and its XRD pattern actually corresponds to Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} - Graphical abstract: XRD pattern of “Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 7}” (top) is identical to that for Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (bottom) based on single-crystal structural data. - Highlights: • Popular catalyst known as Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 7} is actually Ni{sub 5}TiO{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}. • B{sub 2}O{sub 3} came from the flux used for crystal growth. • Some authors reporting this phase did not use any boron compounds.

  12. Photovoltaic effect in Bi{sub 2}TeO{sub 5} photorefractive crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Ivan de, E-mail: ivan@ft.unicamp.brg; Capovilla, Danilo Augusto [GOMNI-Faculdade de Tecnologia/UNICAMP, Limeira (Brazil); Carvalho, Jesiel F.; Montenegro, Renata; Fabris, Zanine V. [Instituto de Física/Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia (Brazil); Frejlich, Jaime [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin”/UNICAMP, Campinas (Brazil)

    2015-10-12

    We report on the presence of a strong photovoltaic effect on nominally undoped photorefractive Bi{sub 2}TeO{sub 5} crystals and estimated their Glass photovoltaic constant and photovoltaic field for λ = 532 nm illumination. We directly measured the photovoltaic-based photocurrent in this material under λ = 532 nm wavelength laser light illumination and compared its behavior with that of a well known photovoltaic Fe-doped Lithium Niobate crystal. We also show the photovoltaic current to strongly depend on the polarization direction of light. Holographic diffraction efficiency oscillation during recording and the behavior of fringe-locked running holograms in self-stabilized experiments are also demonstrated here as additional indirect proofs of the photovoltaic nature of this material.

  13. Rapid Solidification of AB{sub 5} Hydrogen Storage Alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gulbrandsen-Dahl, Sverre

    2002-01-01

    This doctoral thesis is concerned with rapid solidification of AB{sub 5} materials suitable for electrochemical hydrogen storage. The primary objective of the work has been to characterise the microstructure and crystal structure of the produced AB{sub 5} materials as a function of the process parameters, e.g. the cooling rate during rapid solidification, the determination of which has been paid special attention to. The thesis is divided into 6 parts, of which Part I is a literature review, starting with a short presentation of energy storage alternatives. Then a general review of metal hydrides and their utilisation as energy carriers is presented. This part also includes more detailed descriptions of the crystal structure, the chemical composition and the hydrogen storage properties of AB{sub 5} materials. Furthermore, a description of the chill-block melt spinning process and the gas atomisation process is given. In Part II of the thesis a digital photo calorimetric technique has been developed and applied for obtaining in situ temperature measurements during chill-block melt spinning of a Mm(NiCoMnA1){sub 5} hydride forming alloy (Mm = Mischmetal of rare earths). Compared with conventional colour transmission temperature measurements, this technique offers a special advantage in terms of a high temperature resolutional and positional accuracy, which under the prevailing experimental conditions were found to be {+-}29 K and {+-} 0.1 mm, respectively. Moreover, it is shown that the cooling rate in solid state is approximately 2.5 times higher than that observed during solidification, indicating that the solid ribbon stayed in intimate contact with the wheel surface down to very low metal temperatures before the bond was broken. During this contact period the cooling regime shifted from near ideal in the melt puddle to near Newtonian towards the end, when the heat transfer from the solid ribbon to the wheel became the rate controlling step. In Part III of the

  14. Ion transport in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suk, Myung E.; Aluru, N. R.

    2014-01-01

    Graphene nanopore is a promising device for single molecule sensing, including DNA bases, as its single atom thickness provides high spatial resolution. To attain high sensitivity, the size of the molecule should be comparable to the pore diameter. However, when the pore diameter approaches the size of the molecule, ion properties and dynamics may deviate from the bulk values and continuum analysis may not be accurate. In this paper, we investigate the static and dynamic properties of ions with and without an external voltage drop in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores using molecular dynamics simulations. Ion concentration in graphene nanopores sharply drops from the bulk concentration when the pore radius is smaller than 0.9 nm. Ion mobility in the pore is also smaller than bulk ion mobility due to the layered liquid structure in the pore-axial direction. Our results show that a continuum analysis can be appropriate when the pore radius is larger than 0.9 nm if pore conductivity is properly defined. Since many applications of graphene nanopores, such as DNA and protein sensing, involve ion transport, the results presented here will be useful not only in understanding the behavior of ion transport but also in designing bio-molecular sensors

  15. Fs = μs Fn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Ministro

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-9288.2016v12n1p195 Fs = μs Fn é uma releitura a três vozes dos Homeóstatos de José-Alberto Marques. Partindo do desmembramento e recomposição digital do material sonoro, testam-se, com base nas possibilidades oferecidas pelo cruzamento entre a plasticidade vocal e as ferramentas digitais de manipulação, as potencialidades combinatórias que uma obra desta natureza encerra.

  16. Elaboration and characterization of unreported (Pr,Nd){sub 5}Ni{sub 19} hydrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemort, Lucille [ICMPE CMTR CNRS UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, 94320 Thiais Cedex (France); Latroche, Michel, E-mail: michel.latroche@icmpe.cnrs.fr [ICMPE CMTR CNRS UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, 94320 Thiais Cedex (France); Knosp, Bernard; Bernard, Patrick [SAFT, Direction de la Recherche, 111-113 Boulevard Alfred Daney, 33074 Bordeaux (France)

    2011-09-15

    Research highlights: > Two new compounds Pr{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and Nd{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} have been synthesized and their crystallographic structures have been determined. > Two polymorphic types are reported to coexist for the same composition, one rhombohedral and one hexagonal. > The hydrogen sorption properties of these two novel compounds have been measured and they exhibit capacities of 1.33%(wt) for Pr{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and 1.17%(wt) for Nd{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} under 10 MPa. - Abstract: In this study two new compounds have been synthesized: Pr{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and Nd{sub 5}Ni{sub 19}. The crystallographic structures as well as the thermodynamic properties of the hydrogen absorbing compounds Pr{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and Nd{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} have been determined. Both compounds exist under two polymorphic types that can be described as the stacking along the c axis of two different subunits [(Pr,Nd){sub 2}Ni{sub 4}] and [(Pr,Nd)Ni{sub 5}]: the hexagonal (2H) Pr{sub 5}Co{sub 19}-type structure (space group P6{sub 3}/mmc) and the rhombohedral (3R) Ce{sub 5}Co{sub 19}-type structure (space group R-3m). The two compounds are able to form hydrides at room temperature, in the pressure range of 0-10 MPa. They show desorption pressure plateaux around 0.8 MPa for Pr{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and 1 MPa for Nd{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and exhibit capacities under 10 MPa of 1.33 wt% for Pr{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} and 1.17 wt% for Nd{sub 5}Ni{sub 19} at the first cycle.

  17. Generation of sub-100-fs Stokes pulses upon SRS in a barium nitrate crystal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Konyashchenko, Aleksandr V; Losev, Leonid L; Tenyakov, S Yu

    2010-01-01

    72-fs pulses are generated at the first Stokes component frequency upon stimulated Raman scattering in a barium nitrate crystal for the radiation of the Ti 3+ :Al 2 O 3 laser with the pulse duration of 50 fs. The energy efficiency of conversion is 20%. The barium nitrate crystal was optically pumped by two consecutive orthogonally polarised chirped pulses with the following time compression of the Stokes radiation pulse. (nonlinear optical phenomena)

  18. Charge ordering and multiferroicity in Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5} and Fe{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5} oxyborates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maignan, A., E-mail: antoine.maignan@ensicaen.fr [Laboratoire CRISMAT, UMR 6508 CNRS/ENSICAEN/UNICAEN, 6 bd du Maréchal Juin, 14050 CAEN Cedex 4 (France); Lainé, F.; Guesdon, A.; Malo, S. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, UMR 6508 CNRS/ENSICAEN/UNICAEN, 6 bd du Maréchal Juin, 14050 CAEN Cedex 4 (France); Damay, F. [Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, UMR 12, LLB-Saclay, 91191 GIF-SUR-YVETTE Cedex (France); Martin, C. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, UMR 6508 CNRS/ENSICAEN/UNICAEN, 6 bd du Maréchal Juin, 14050 CAEN Cedex 4 (France)

    2017-02-15

    The comparison of Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5} and Fe{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5} reveals that the 2Fe{sup 2+}: Fe{sup 3+} charge ordering of the former is suppressed in the latter. Spin dynamics probed by ac susceptibility are strongly affected by the substitution, inducing superparamagnetism at low temperature in Fe{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5}. Interestingly, for both oxyborates, glassiness is observed in the dielectric properties at low temperature, but only Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5} shows a magnetodielectric effect close to its lower magnetic transition. A change in the electrical polarization, measured by pyroelectric current integration, is observed in Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5} and is even more pronounced in Fe{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5}. Such results suggest that these oxyborates behave like antiferromagnetic relaxor ferroelectrics. These features are proposed to be related to the distribution of the species (Fe{sup 3+}, Fe{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+}) over the four transition metal sites forming the ludwigite structure. - Graphical abstract: 90 K [010] electron diffraction patterns of Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5}. The yellow arrows in the pattern indicate the extra-spots corresponding to the superstructure induced by the charge ordering. - Highlights: • The TEM (ED) study of the Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5} oxyborate at 90 K reveals a superstructure related to a Fe{sup 2+}/Fe{sup 3+} ordering. • The Fe{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5}, Mn-substituted counterpart, does not show such ordering. • Our magnetic and electric measurements demonstrate that these magnetic ferrites exhibit glassiness in their charges (relaxor-type) with additional superparamagnetism at low T for Fe{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5} and magnetodielectric coupling near T{sub N2}=72 K in Fe{sub 3}BO{sub 5}. • The pyroelectric measurements confirm the existence of a ferroelectric behavior in these antiferromagnets. Accordingly, our results open the route to the study of other large class of the M{sub 2}{sup 2+}M’{sup 3+}BO{sub 5} ludwigites and to their complex magnetism and its

  19. SeaWiFS: North Pacific Storm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    An extratropical storm can be seen swirling over the North Pacific just south of Alaska. This SeaWiFS image was collected yesterday at 23:20 GMT. Credit: Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

  20. NbF{sub 5} and TaF{sub 5}: Assignment of {sup 19}F NMR resonances and chemical bond analysis from GIPAW calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biswal, Mamata, E-mail: Mamata.Biswal-Susanta_Kumar_Nayak.Etu@univ-lemans.fr [LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, CNRS UMR 6283, Institut des Molécules et des Matériaux du Mans, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France); Body, Monique, E-mail: monique.body@univ-lemans.fr [LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, CNRS UMR 6283, Institut des Molécules et des Matériaux du Mans, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France); Legein, Christophe, E-mail: christophe.legein@univ-lemans.fr [LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, CNRS UMR 6283, Institut des Molécules et des Matériaux du Mans, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France); Sadoc, Aymeric, E-mail: Aymeric.Sadoc@cnrs-imn.fr [Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel (IMN), Université de Nantes, CNRS, 2 rue de la Houssinière, BP 32229, 44322 Nantes Cedex 3 (France); Boucher, Florent, E-mail: Florent.Boucher@cnrs-imn.fr [Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel (IMN), Université de Nantes, CNRS, 2 rue de la Houssinière, BP 32229, 44322 Nantes Cedex 3 (France)

    2013-11-15

    The {sup 19}F isotropic chemical shifts (δ{sub iso}) of two isomorphic compounds, NbF{sub 5} and TaF{sub 5}, which involve six nonequivalent fluorine sites, have been experimentally determined from the reconstruction of 1D {sup 19}F MAS NMR spectra. In parallel, the corresponding {sup 19}F chemical shielding tensors have been calculated using the GIPAW method for both experimental and DFT-optimized structures. Furthermore, the [M{sub 4}F{sub 20}] units of NbF{sub 5} and TaF{sub 5} being held together by van der Waals interactions, the relevance of Grimme corrections to the DFT optimization processes has been evaluated. However, the semi-empirical dispersion correction term introduced by such a method does not show any significant improvement. Nonetheless, a complete and convincing assignment of the {sup 19}F NMR lines of NbF{sub 5} and TaF{sub 5} is obtained, ensured by the linearity between experimental {sup 19}F δ{sub iso} values and calculated {sup 19}F isotropic chemical shielding σ{sub iso} values. The effects of the geometry optimizations have been carefully analyzed, confirming among other matters, the inaccuracy of the experimental structure of NbF{sub 5}. The relationships between the fluorine chemical shifts, the nature of the fluorine atoms (bridging or terminal), the position of the terminal ones (opposite or perpendicular to the bridging ones), the fluorine charges, the ionicity and the length of the M–F bonds have been established. Additionally, for three of the {sup 19}F NMR lines of NbF{sub 5}, distorted multiplets, arising from {sup 1}J-coupling and residual dipolar coupling between the {sup 19}F and {sup 93}Nb nuclei, were simulated yielding to values of {sup 93}Nb–{sup 19}F {sup 1}J-coupling for the corresponding fluorine sites. - Graphical abstract: The complete assignment of the {sup 19}F NMR lines of NbF{sub 5} and TaF{sub 5} allow establishing relationships between the {sup 19}F δ{sub iso} values, the nature of the fluorine atoms

  1. Investigation of the transport properties and compositions of the Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} series (RE=Pr, Sm, Gd, Dy; Pn=Sb, Bi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forbes, Scott [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Yuan, Fang [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Kosuda, Kosuke; Kolodiazhnyi, Taras [Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Mozharivskyj, Yurij, E-mail: mozhar@mcmaster.ca [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    2016-10-15

    The Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} phases (RE=Pr, Sm, Gd, Dy; Pn=Sb, Bi) were successfully prepared from high temperature reactions at 1225–1300 °C. These phases maintain the same structure types as the parent RE{sub 9}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} phases, except for a Ca/RE mixing. The study and preparation of these phases was motivated by the desire to shift the metallic type properties of the parent RE{sub 9}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} phases to a level more suitable for thermoelectric applications. Electrical resistivity measurements performed on pure, bulk samples indicated all phases to be narrow band gap semiconductors or semimetals, supporting the charge balanced electron count of the Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} composition. Unfortunately, all samples are too electrically resistive for any potential usage as thermoelectrics. Electronic band structure calculations performed on idealized RE{sub 9}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} structures revealed the presence of a pseudogap at the Fermi level, which is consistent with the observed electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient behavior. - Graphical abstract: Ca substitution in RE{sub 9}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} leads to charge-balanced Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} phases with semiconducting or semimetallic properties. - Highlights: • The RE{sub 9}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} structure may be stabilized with calcium substitution in the form of Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5}. • The Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Pn{sub 5}O{sub 5} phases maintain the parent P 4/n structure, albeit with Ca/RE mixing. • The Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Sb{sub 5}O{sub 5} phases behave as semiconductors while Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Bi{sub 5}O{sub 5} are semimetals with electron-electron correlations. • Electronic structure calculations yield a semimetal-like density of states for both Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Sb{sub 5}O{sub 5} and Ca{sub 2}RE{sub 7}Bi{sub 5}O{sub 5}.

  2. Molecular CsF{sub 5} and CsF{sub 2}{sup +}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogachev, Andrey Yu. [Illinois Institute of Technology, IL (United States). Dept. of Biological and Chemical Sciences; Miao, Mao-sheng [California State Univ., Northridge, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Beijing Computational Science Research Center (China); Merino, Gabriel [Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados, Unidad Merida (Mexico). Dept. de Fisica Aplicada; Hoffmann, Roald [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Biology

    2015-07-06

    D{sub 5h} star-like CsF{sub 5}, formally isoelectronic with known XeF{sub 5}{sup -} ion, is computed to be a local minimum on the potential energy surface of CsF{sub 5}, surrounded by reasonably large activation energies for its exothermic decomposition to CsF + 2F{sub 2}, or to CsF{sub 3} (three isomeric forms) + F{sub 2}, or for rearrangement to a significantly more stable isomer, a classical Cs{sup +} complex of F{sub 5}{sup -}. Similarly the CsF{sub 2}{sup +} ion is computed to be metastable in two isomeric forms. In the more symmetrical structures of these molecules there is definite involvement in bonding of the formally core 5p levels of Cs.

  3. {sup 115}In NQR studies of CeRhIn{sub 5} and CeCoIn{sub 5} under high pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohori, Y. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan)]. E-mail: kohori@faculty.chiba-u.jp; Taira, H. [Graduate School of Science and Technonogy, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Fukazawa, H. [Graduate School of Science and Technonogy, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Kohara, T. [Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan); Iwamoto, Y. [Division of Cargo and Transportation Science, Kobe University, Kobe 658-0022 (Japan); Matsumoto, T. [National Institite of Material Science, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan); Maple, M.B. [Department of Physics and Institute for Pure and Applied Physical Science, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA (United States)

    2006-02-09

    We have carried out{sup 115}In nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements in CeRhIn{sub 5} and CeCoIn{sub 5} under presure P. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rates, 1/T{sub 1}, of{sup 115}In indicated that the anisotropic superconductivity with line nodes occurred near an antiferromagnetic state. The application of P suppressed the antiferromagnetic, AF, spin fluctuations and moves the system away from the AF state to the non-magnetic Fermi liquid state. The P dependence of 1/T{sub 1} in the superconducting state of CeCoIn{sub 5} shows that the magnitude of the superconducting energy gap scales with its T{sub C} up to 3.0 GPa.

  4. The 2s2p 4P0sub(5/2) - 2p24Psup(e)sub(5/2)-transition in O VI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sjoedin, R.; Pihl, J.; Hallin, R.; Lindskog, J.; Marelius, A.

    1976-03-01

    The Li-like doubly excited transitions 2s2p 4 P 0 sub(5/2) - 2p 2 4 Psup(e)sub(5/2) in O VI has been studied with the beam-foil technique. Oxygen ion beams with energies between 4.5 to 9 MeV were used. The wavelength of the transition was measured to 944.0+-0.5 A and the lifetime for the upper level 2p 2 4 Psup(e) was measured to be 0.51+-0.04 ns. (Auth.)

  5. Controlling S2 terminal using FS software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Zhuhe

    New S2FS software for controlling S2 terminal of Sheshan station has been developed. It works under Field System software. All S2 operation commands are incorporated in a station program. The interface of SWT computer and S2 terminal is RS232 interface. S2FS software is designed by using Shell and C language. It has been used in VSOP experiments.

  6. Design and synthesis of a redox-active tc-99m radiopharmaceutical with ferrocenedithiocarboxylate [FcCS=Fe(C{sub 5}H{sub 4}CS{sub 2})(C{sub 5}H{sub 5}){sup -}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uccelli, Licia; Bolzati, Cristina; Boschi, Alessandra; Duatti, Adriano E-mail: dta@ifeuniv.unife.it; Morin, Christophe; Pasqualini, Roberto; Giganti, Melchiore; Piffanelli, Adriano

    1999-01-01

    The synthesis, at tracer level, of two Tc-99m complexes having the same chemical composition and structure, but differing by one electron in the total electron counting, is reported. These compounds have been prepared by reacting [{sup 99m}TcO{sub 4}]{sup -} with the piperidinium salt of the ligand ferrocenedithiocarboxylate {l_brace}[Fe(II)(C{sub 5}H{sub 4}CS{sub 2})(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})]{sup -}=FcCS{r_brace}, in the presence of N-methyl S-methyldithiocarbazate as donor of N{sup 3-} groups, and triphenylphosphine or SnCl{sub 2} as reducing agents. The formation of the neutral complex [{sup 99m}Tc(N)(FcCS){sub 2}] (compound A) and of the monocationic, mixed-valence complex [{sup 99m}Tc(N)(FcCS) (FcCS*)]{sup +} (compound B) {l_brace}FcCS* [Fe(III)(C{sub 5}H{sub 4}CS{sub 2})(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})]{r_brace} was obtained in high yield. Both complexes comprise a terminal Tc{identical_to}N multiple bond and two FcCS ligands coordinated to the metal center through the two sulfur atoms of the -CS{sub 2} group, but they differ in the oxidation state of one of the two iron atoms of the coordinated FcCS ligands. In complex A, the two Fe atoms are both in the +2 oxidation state, while in B, one Fe atom is in the +2 and the other is in the +3 oxidation state. Thus, B is a mixed-valence Fe(II)-Fe(III) complex. B is easily converted into A by one-electron exchange with various reductants such as triphenylphosphine and excess SnCl{sub 2}. Biodistribution studies in rats showed that complexes A and B are mostly retained in lungs and liver without any significant uptake in organs such as heart and brain.

  7. Epitaxial growth and dielectric properties of Bi sub 2 VO sub 5 sub . sub 5 thin films on TiN/Si substrates with SrTiO sub 3 buffer layers

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, H Y; Choi, B C; Jeong, J H; Joseph, M; Tabata, H; Kawai, T

    2000-01-01

    Bi sub 2 VO sub 5 sub . sub 5 (BVO) thin films were epitaxially grown on SrTiO sub 3 /TiN/Si substrates by using pulsed laser ablation. A TiN thin film was prepared at 700 .deg. C as a bottom electrode. The TiN film exhibited a high alpha axis orientation and a very smooth morphology. Before the preparation of the BVO thin film, a crystallized SrTiO sub 3 thin film was deposited as a buffer layer on TiN/Si. The BVO thin film grown at a substrate temperature at 700 .deg. C and an oxygen pressure of 50 mTorr was found to be epitaxial along the c-axis. Also, BVO films were observed to have flat surfaces and the step-flow modes. The dielectric constant of the BVO film on STO/TiN/Si was constant at about 8 approx 4 in the applied frequency range between 10 sup 2 and 10 sup 6 Hz.

  8. Dynamics of optical degradation on LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5}-crystal surfaces during SFG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moeller, Stefan; Andresen, Aenne; Imlau, Mirco [Department of Physics, University of Osnabrueck (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    We have investigated the phenomenon of optical degradation of LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5} single crystal surfaces during sum-frequency generation (SFG) of UV-light ({lambda}=355 nm) by a focused Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (f=20 kHz, {tau}{sub 1064}=10 ns, anti P{sub 1064}=1.5 W). The investigations were performed on timescales >100 h and UV-intensities below the light induced damage threshold of the crystals. The degradations were studied with optical and analytical methods. As a result we found a steady deposition of foreign material on the output crystal surface in the illuminated area. Here, XPS uncovered several foreign elements as Na,S,Si,Ca, C beside B and O depending on the composition of the ambient atmosphere during SFG. The temporal development of the degradation could be observed by measuring the beam profile behind the crystal. The beam divergence increased as a function of the deposition height, which led to a complex intensity profile in the far-field. Further illuminating lead to a catastrophic break-down of the surface and the beam profile. This is due to thermal damage originating from the UV-absorption of the deposited material. Three models for the deposition process are discussed: a) diffusion out of the LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5}-subsurface, b) deposition of atoms of the ambient atmosphere, c) chemical reactions of LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5}, water, and boric acid.

  9. Parametric generation of high-energy 14.5-fs light pulses at 1.5 mum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisoli, M; Stagira, S; De Silvestri, S; Svelto, O; Valiulis, G; Varanavicius, A

    1998-04-15

    High-energy light pulses that are tunable from 1.1 to 2.6 mum, with a duration as short as 14.5 fs were generated in a type II phase-matching beta-BaB(2)O(4) traveling-wave parametric converter pumped by 18-fs pulses obtained from a Ti:sapphire laser with chirped-pulse amplification, followed by a hollow-fiber compressor.

  10. Nitration of toluene with N[sub 2]O[sub 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furukawa, Kikuo.; Yoshizawa, Fujiroku.; Akutsu, Yoshiaki.; Arai, Mitsuru.; Tamura, Masamitsu. (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). School of Engineering)

    1999-06-30

    In order to clarify the mechanism of aromatic nitration with N[sub 2]O[sub 5], the nitration of toluene with N[sub 2]O[sub 5] in CCl[sub 4] was carried out and was investigated the yields of the products and the isomer distributions. As a result, the reaction should be very rapid and should involve a typical electrophilic substitution. Moreover, in order to investigate the effect of the solvent, the nitration of toluene with N[sub 2]O[sub 5] powder without CCl[sub 4] was also carried out. The nitration of toluene with N[sub 2]O[sub 5]/N[sub 2]O[sub 4] was also carried out, and the dependence of the isomer distribution and the ratio of produced nitrotoluenes on the ratio of N[sub 2]O[sub 5] was showed. As a result, it is suggested that N[sub 2]O[sub 5] should be dissociated homolytically in CCl[sub 4] and that the aromatic nitration with N[sub 2]O[sub 5] in CCl[sub 4] should proceed with NO[sub 3] as the initial attacking species. The thermal decomposition of N[sub 2]O[sub 5] over 25 degree C should produce a large amount of N[sub 2]O[sub 4](2NO[sub 2]), and the attack of NO[sub 2] on the intermediate [Ar(H)(ONO[sub 2])] should form the intermediates [AR(H)(ONO[sub 2])(H)(NO[sub 2])] following the specific isomer distributions. (author)

  11. Nitration of toluene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furukawa, Kikuo.; Yoshizawa, Fujiroku.; Akutsu, Yoshiaki.; Arai, Mitsuru.; Tamura, Masamitsu. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). School of Engineering

    1999-06-30

    In order to clarify the mechanism of aromatic nitration with N{sub 2}O{sub 5}, the nitration of toluene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5} in CCl{sub 4} was carried out and was investigated the yields of the products and the isomer distributions. As a result, the reaction should be very rapid and should involve a typical electrophilic substitution. Moreover, in order to investigate the effect of the solvent, the nitration of toluene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5} powder without CCl{sub 4} was also carried out. The nitration of toluene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5}/N{sub 2}O{sub 4} was also carried out, and the dependence of the isomer distribution and the ratio of produced nitrotoluenes on the ratio of N{sub 2}O{sub 5} was showed. As a result, it is suggested that N{sub 2}O{sub 5} should be dissociated homolytically in CCl{sub 4} and that the aromatic nitration with N{sub 2}O{sub 5} in CCl{sub 4} should proceed with NO{sub 3} as the initial attacking species. The thermal decomposition of N{sub 2}O{sub 5} over 25 degree C should produce a large amount of N{sub 2}O{sub 4}(2NO{sub 2}), and the attack of NO{sub 2} on the intermediate [Ar(H)(ONO{sub 2})] should form the intermediates [AR(H)(ONO{sub 2})(H)(NO{sub 2})] following the specific isomer distributions. (author)

  12. Electrochemical characterization of melt spun AB{sub 5} alloys for metal hydride batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brateng, Randi

    2003-05-01

    This thesis is part of a larger research project where two metal hydride forming AB{sub 5} type alloys have been investigated. A slightly non-stoichiometric alloy with mischmetal on A-site and nickel, cobalt, manganese and aluminium on B-site has been characterized. The composition of this material, which will be referred to as Mm(NiCoMnA1){sub 5.15}, is close to the normal battery composition. The other alloy characterized is LaNi{sub 5} based, where nickel is partly substituted with tin. This material will later be referred to as La(NiSn){sub 5}. These materials were produced by melt spinning to vary the cooling rate during solidification. The main purpose of the study has been to characterize the electrochemical properties related to battery performance. The production as well as the metallurgical and structural characterization of the materials were performed in another part of the project. For Mm(NiCoMnA1){sub 5.15} the unit cell volume was dependent on the cooling rate before heat treatment, while the unit cell volume was almost independent of the cooling rate for La(NiSn){sub 5}. For both alloy compositions, the electrochemical properties seemed to change with varying cooling rate. The desorption equilibrium potential, the discharge capacity when discharging at a low current and the deterioration rate were found to be reduced with decreasing unit cell volume and increased with increasing unit cell volume, before heat treatment of Mm(NiCoMnA1){sub 5.15}. The self discharge rate was observed to be inversely proportional to the unit cell volume for this material. For not heat treated La(NiSn){sub 5}, produced at different cooling rates, the desorption equilibrium potential decreased when the self discharge rate and the discharge capacity increased after cycling for 300 cycles. The deterioration rate decreased when the desorption equilibrium potential was reduced for La(NiSn){sub 5}. The electrochemical parameters both before and after heat treatment of La(NiSn){sub

  13. Analysis of chirality by femtosecond laser ionization mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsch, Philipp; Urbasch, Gunter; Weitzel, Karl-Michael

    2012-09-01

    Recent progress in the field of chirality analysis employing laser ionization mass spectrometry is reviewed. Emphasis is given to femtosecond (fs) laser ionization work from the author's group. We begin by reviewing fundamental aspects of determining circular dichroism (CD) in fs-laser ionization mass spectrometry (fs-LIMS) discussing an example from the literature (resonant fs-LIMS of 3-methylcyclopentanone). Second, we present new data indicating CD in non-resonant fs-LIMS of propylene oxide. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company.

  14. Fermiology of PuCoGa{sub 5} and of related Pu-115 compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oppeneer, P.M. [Department of Physics, Box 530, Uppsala University, S-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden)], E-mail: peter.oppeneer@fysik.uu.se; Shick, A.B. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, CZ-18221 Prague (Czech Republic); Rusz, J. [Department of Electronic Structures, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, CZ-121 16 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Lebegue, S. [Laboratoire de Cristallographie et de Modelisation des Materiaux Mineraux et Biologiques, CNRS-Universite Henri Poincare, B.P. 239, F-54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Eriksson, O. [Department of Physics, Box 530, Uppsala University, S-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2007-10-11

    We report computational investigations of the electronic structures of the superconducting Pu-compounds PuCoGa{sub 5} as well as of the non-superconducting compounds PuFeGa{sub 5} and PuNiGa{sub 5}. To capture the localization behavior of the Pu 5f electrons, we apply two computational approaches, which are both rooted in the density-functional theory: the local spin-density approximation (LSDA) and the around mean field (AMF) LSDA+U approach. The latter is applicable to moderately localized 5f electrons while the former is applicable to delocalized 5f electrons. Our LSDA calculations show that the Fermi surfaces of the three Pu-115 compounds are sensitive to the amount of band filling, i.e., the number of electrons of the 3d element. Precisely at the electron filling corresponding to PuCoGa{sub 5} the Fermi surface has a particularly two-dimensional shape. AMF-LSDA+U calculations (with a Coulomb U of about 3 eV and exchange J of 0.6 eV) lead to a non-magnetic ground state for PuCoGa{sub 5}, in which the 5f states are shifted to a higher binding energy, in better agreement with photoemission data. The Fermi surface of PuCoGa{sub 5} computed with the AMF-LSDA+U approach is nonetheless rather two-dimensional and similar to the LSDA Fermi surface. The AMF-LSDA+U approach with a Coulomb U of {approx}3 eV would thus predict an electronic structure for PuCoGa{sub 5} in accord with several experimental data.

  15. SrBeB{sub 2}O{sub 5}: Growth, crystal structure and optical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yao, Wenjiao; Wang, Xiaoshan [Center for Crystal Research and Development, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Huang, Hongwei [National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Xu, Tao; Jiang, Xingxing [Center for Crystal Research and Development, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, Xiaoyang [Center for Crystal Research and Development, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Lin, Zheshuai, E-mail: zslin@mail.ipc.ac.cn [Center for Crystal Research and Development, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, Chuangtian [Center for Crystal Research and Development, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2014-04-01

    Graphical abstract: The crystal displays a layered configuration along c axis with the wrinkled infinite (BeB{sub 2}O{sub 5}){sub ∞} layers. Display Omitted - Highlights: • A new beryllium borate SrBeB{sub 2}O{sub 5} was synthesized. • A layered structure (BeB{sub 2}O{sub 5}){sub ∞} was formed by BO{sub 3} triangles and B/BeO{sub 4} tetrahedrons. • SrBeB{sub 2}O{sub 5} has a very wide transparency range of wavelengths from 200 nm to 1800 nm. • A-site ions impact greatly on the structures of beryllium borates. - Abstract: A novel beryllium borate SrBeB{sub 2}O{sub 5} is discovered for the first time through traditional solid state reaction and high temperature solution method. The framework of the structure is composed by two-dimensional [BeB{sub 2}O{sub 5}] layers determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The further structural analysis of beryllium borates reveals that the arrangement of anionic groups attributes to the structural stability. Moreover, the influences of the A-site cations on the structural features of fundamental building blocks in the alkaline or alkaline earth beryllium borates are discussed. The UV–Vis–NIR diffuse-reflectance pattern reveals that this compound has a very wide transparency range of wavelengths down to 200 nm. In addition, the properties of SrBeB{sub 2}O{sub 5} were also characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and IR spectroscopy.

  16. Preparation and up-conversion luminescence of SrAlF{sub 5}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} nanorods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Jun [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); Hua, Ruinian, E-mail: rnhua@dlnu.edu.cn [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Zhang, Wei; Feng, Zhiqing; Tang, Dongxin; Na, Liyan [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Chen, Baojiu, E-mail: chenmbj@sohu.com [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)

    2014-03-05

    Graphical abstract: The SrAlF{sub 5} nanorods co-doped with various Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} concentrations was synthetized via a microemulsion-hydrothermal process for the first time. It was found that the optimum doping concentration of Yb{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+} in SrAlF{sub 5} matrix was about 4 mol%. Furthermore, the temperature effect of upconversion luminescence was investigated. It was also found that the post heat-treatment could greatly improve upconversion luminescence. Highlights: • SrAlF{sub 5}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} nanorods were synthesized via a microemulsion-hydrothermal process. • Crystal structure and morphology were characterized by using XRD and FESEM. • The upconversion luminescence intensity depend on LD working current was studied. • The post heat-treatment could greatly improve upconversion luminescence. -- Abstract: Yb{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+} co-doped SrAlF{sub 5} nanorods with average diameter of 35 nm and average length of 400 nm were synthesized via a microemulsion-hydrothermal process, and their crystal structure and morphology were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), respectively. The optimum doping concentration of Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} in SrAlF{sub 5} matrix was about 4 mol%. The upconversion luminescence intensity dependence on the laser diode (LD) working current was studied and the possible upconversion mechanism was analyzed. Furthermore, the temperature effect of upconversion luminescence was investigated. It was also found that the post heat-treatment could greatly improve upconversion luminescence.

  17. The complex structure of liquid Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qin Jingyu; Gu Tingkun; Bian Xiufang [Key Laboratory of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Materials, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Southern Campus, Jinan 250061 (China); Liu Hui [Shandong High Performance Computing Center, Shandong University, Southern Campus, Jinan 250061 (China)

    2009-04-15

    By applying ab initio molecular dynamics simulation to liquid Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} alloy, the hetero-coordination tendency is discovered by Bathia-Thornton partial correlation functions and a chemical short-range parameter. However the local structural environment of Sn in l-Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} alloy resembles that of liquid Sn by Voronoi analysis. A new feature, i.e. a subpeak in between the first and second peaks, is discovered by the present method which implies that topologically disordered {beta}-Sn-type structural units may exist in l-Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} alloy. The local density states of electrons show that both Cu-Sn and Sn-Sn bonding exist in l-Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} alloy. This work suggests that chemical short-range order between unlike atoms and self-coordination between Sn atoms coexists in l-Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} alloy.

  18. Thermodynamic and neutron diffraction studies on multiferroic NdMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chattopadhyay, S.; Balédent, V.; Auban-Senzier, P.; Pasquier, C.; Doubrovsky, C. [Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay (France); Greenblatt, M. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Foury-Leylekian, P., E-mail: pascale.foury@u-psud.fr [Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS-UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay (France)

    2015-03-01

    Magnetically frustrated RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} oxides have attracted considerable attention in recent years, because most of the members of this family show spin ordering induced dielectric polarization along with strong magneto-electric coupling. Although the true origin of the ferroelectricity is still a matter of debate, it has been observed that the magneto-electric phase diagram can be substantially tuned with the variation of rare earth elements. In this work, we have chosen NdMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} as the compound of our interest since it lies exactly in between the ferroelectric and non-ferroelectric members of this family and also, because there are few investigations performed on RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} systems with large rare earth atoms . With the combination of heat capacity, magnetic susceptibility, dielectric permittivity, powder X-ray diffraction, and powder neutron diffraction measurements, it has been found that NdMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} undergoes an incommensurate magnetic ordering around 30 K followed by a possible ferroelectric-like transition at ∼26 K. Another lock-in kind of magnetic transition appears when the temperature is decreased to ∼15 K. With further lowering of temperature, an antiferromagnetic ordering, which is presumably associated with the Nd{sup 3+}, is achieved near 4 K. This study thus sheds light on a new compound of the RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} series presenting different multiferroic properties.

  19. Nitration of benzene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furukawa, Kikuo; Yoshizawa, FUjiroku; Akutsu, Yoshiaki; Arai, Mitsuru; Tamura, Masamitsu [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). School of Engineering

    1999-08-31

    In order to clarify the mechanism of aromatic nitration with N{sub 2}O{sub 5}, the nitrations of benzene and of nitrobenzene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5} were carried out and the yield of the products and the isomer distribution of dinitrobenzenes were investigated. As a result, the isomer distribution of the dinitrobenzenes in the nitration of benzene was quite different from that in the nitration of nitrobenzene. Moreover, the ratio of [dinitrobenzenes]/[nitrobenzene] increased with the reaction temperature. The nitration of benzene with N{sub 2}O{sub 5}/N{sub 2}O{sub 4} was also carried out and showed the dependence of the ratio of [dinitrobenzenes]/[nitrobenzene] on the ratio of N{sub 2}O{sub 4}. As a result, it is suggested that N{sub 2}O{sub 5} should be dissociated homolytically in CCl{sub 4}, that the aromatic nitration with N{sub 2}O{sub 5} over 25 degree C should produce a large amount of N{sub 2}O{sub 4}(2NO{sub 2}) and the attack of NO{sub 2} on the intermediate [Ar(H)(ONO{sub 2})] should form the intermediates [Ar(H)(ONO{sub 2})(H)(NO{sub 2})] following the production of a large amount of dinitrobenzenes. (author)

  20. Preparation and electrochemical behaviour of Sb sub 2 O sub 5 films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Badawy, W.A. (Chemistry Dept., Faculty of Science, Univ. of Cairo, Giza (Egypt))

    1990-04-01

    Sb{sub 2}O{sub 5} films of various thicknesses were prepared on glass or glassy carbon using a chemical vapour deposition-spraying technique. A 0.5 M SbCl{sub 5}-ethyl acetate solution was used as a spray. This evaporated in front of the heated substrate and the hydrolysis reaction 2SbCl{sub 5} + 5 H{sub 2}O{yields}Sb{sub 2}O{sub 5} + 10HCl took place, leaving a homogeneous antimony oxide film adherent to the substrate surface. The effect of the thickness of the prepared film on its physical properties was studied. The electrochemical behaviour of electrodes of the oxide film in three different redox couples was investigated. The results reveal that the charge transfer reaction occurring at the electrode-electrode interface takes place via tunnelling of the electrons through the barrier formed by the space charge layer into the Sb{sub 2}O{sub 5} conduction band. (orig.).

  1. The Three Fs of Classroom Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Mark L.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes a cohesive theory of classroom management, developed by the author. This "three Fs" theory, predicated upon extant empiricism and scholarship vis-a-vis classroom management, was devised and implemented over several semesters within a field-based course at the University of Texas at Austin for preservice mathematics majors…

  2. Synthesis and crystal structure of the rare earth borogermanate EuGeBO{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chi, Yang; Zhuang, Yan; Guo, Sheng-Ping [Yangzhou Univ., Jiangsu (China). College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

    2017-03-01

    The synthesis and crystal structure of the rare earth borogermanate EuGeBO{sub 5} are reported. It is synthesized by high-temperature solid-state reaction and crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c (no. 14) with the unit cell parameters a=4.8860(5), b=7.5229(8), c=9.9587(10) Aa, and β=91.709(3) . Its crystal structure features a polyanion-type layer (GeBO{sub 5}){sup 3-} constructed by BO{sub 4} and GeO{sub 4} tetrahedra connected alternatingly. Eu{sup 3+} ions are located in cavities and are coordinated by eight O atoms. Various structures of the related compounds REMM'O{sub 5} (RE=rare earth metal; M=Si, Ge, and Sn; M'=B, Al, and Ga) are also discussed.

  3. Probing the superconducting state of CeCoIn{sub 5} by quantum interferometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foyevtsov, Oleksandr; Porrati, Fabrizio; Huth, Michael [Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Josephson junction based structures provide a pathway to investigation of the superconducting state of unconventional superconductors. A superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) structure was fabricated on micro-crystals of the heavy-fermion superconductor CeCoIn{sub 5}. Photo-lithography and ion beam milling/induced deposition were used to prepare the structure on a thin film of CeCoIn{sub 5} grown via molecular beam epitaxy. The interferometer was characterized with regard to the SQUID properties. The unconventional nature of superconducting state in CeCoIn{sub 5}, the implications of the normal-state electronic properties, as well as the weak-link characteristics of the SQUID structure itself lead to a wealth of different features in the I(V) and dI/dV(V) characteristics.

  4. Lithium insertion in V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, M{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (M = Fe, Cr, Al, La) mixed oxides; Insertion du lithium dans les oxydes mixtes de V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, M{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (M = Fe, Cr, Al, La)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gregoire, G.; Pecquenard, B.; Baffier, N. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 75 - Paris (France). Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquee de l`Etat Solide; Soudan, P.; Farcy, J.; Pereira-Ramos, J.P. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 94 - Ivry-sur-Seine (France). Laboratoire d`Electrochimie Catalyse et Synthese Organique

    1996-12-31

    V{sub 2}O{sub 5} based compounds are interesting low potential materials for rechargeable cathodes of lithium electrochemical generators. However, the ionic conductivity and the reversibility of electrochemical cycling of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} are limited by the possibilities of lithium insertion. This work shows that the doping of vanadium pentoxide by a M{sup 3+} trivalent transition element (M Fe, Al, Cr or La) allows to intercalate a more important amount of lithium and to improve the behaviour of the material during cycling. These materials of M{sub 0.11}V{sub 2}O{sub 5.16} formula are obtained by sol-gel synthesis. the electrochemical study of the Fe compound has shown that it is a mixed oxide with a behaviour similar to V{sub 2}O{sub 5}. The maximum capacity is of about 2 F/mole in the case of Fe, Al and Cr compounds and of about 1.7 F/mole in the case of La. The structural evolution of the Fe compound has been followed during the chemical insertion of Li and the same succession of phases ({alpha}, {epsilon}, {delta} and {gamma}) is observed as in Li{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} compounds but with a delay. The occurrence of the {gamma} phase, in particular, which is involved in recharging problems is delayed thanks to the (Fe-O){sub n} chains perpendicular to the (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}){sub n} layers. Abstract only. (J.S.) 3 refs.

  5. Lithium insertion in V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, M{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (M = Fe, Cr, Al, La) mixed oxides; Insertion du lithium dans les oxydes mixtes de V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, M{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (M = Fe, Cr, Al, La)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gregoire, G; Pecquenard, B; Baffier, N [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 75 - Paris (France). Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquee de l` Etat Solide; Soudan, P; Farcy, J; Pereira-Ramos, J P [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 94 - Ivry-sur-Seine (France). Laboratoire d` Electrochimie Catalyse et Synthese Organique

    1997-12-31

    V{sub 2}O{sub 5} based compounds are interesting low potential materials for rechargeable cathodes of lithium electrochemical generators. However, the ionic conductivity and the reversibility of electrochemical cycling of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} are limited by the possibilities of lithium insertion. This work shows that the doping of vanadium pentoxide by a M{sup 3+} trivalent transition element (M Fe, Al, Cr or La) allows to intercalate a more important amount of lithium and to improve the behaviour of the material during cycling. These materials of M{sub 0.11}V{sub 2}O{sub 5.16} formula are obtained by sol-gel synthesis. the electrochemical study of the Fe compound has shown that it is a mixed oxide with a behaviour similar to V{sub 2}O{sub 5}. The maximum capacity is of about 2 F/mole in the case of Fe, Al and Cr compounds and of about 1.7 F/mole in the case of La. The structural evolution of the Fe compound has been followed during the chemical insertion of Li and the same succession of phases ({alpha}, {epsilon}, {delta} and {gamma}) is observed as in Li{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} compounds but with a delay. The occurrence of the {gamma} phase, in particular, which is involved in recharging problems is delayed thanks to the (Fe-O){sub n} chains perpendicular to the (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}){sub n} layers. Abstract only. (J.S.) 3 refs.

  6. Hybrid fs/ps CARS for Sooting and Particle-laden Flames

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmeister, Kathryn N. Gabet; Guildenbecher, Daniel Robert; Kearney, Sean P.

    2015-12-01

    We report the application of ultrafast rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) for temperature and relative oxygen concentration measurements in the plume emanating from a burning aluminized ammonium perchlorate propellant strand. Combustion of these metal-based propellants is a particularly hostile environment for laserbased diagnostics, with intense background luminosity, scattering and beam obstruction from hot metal particles that can be as large as several hundred microns in diameter. CARS spectra that were previously obtained using nanosecond pulsed lasers in an aluminumparticle- seeded flame are examined and are determined to be severely impacted by nonresonant background, presumably as a result of the plasma formed by particulateenhanced laser-induced breakdown. Introduction of fs/ps laser pulses enables CARS detection at reduced pulse energies, decreasing the likelihood of breakdown, while simultaneously providing time-gated elimination of any nonresonant background interference. Temperature probability densities and temperature/oxygen correlations were constructed from ensembles of several thousand single-laser-shot measurements from the fs/ps rotational CARS measurement volume positioned within 3 mm or less of the burning propellant surface. Preliminary results in canonical flames are presented using a hybrid fs/ps vibrational CARS system to demonstrate our progress towards acquiring vibrational CARS measurements for more accurate temperatures in the very high temperature propellant burns.

  7. Hybrid fs/ps CARS for Sooting and Particle-laden Flames [PowerPoint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmeister, Kathryn N. Gabet; Guildenbecher, Daniel Robert; Kearney, Sean P.

    2016-01-01

    We report the application of ultrafast rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) for temperature and relative oxygen concentration measurements in the plume emanating from a burning aluminized ammonium perchlorate propellant strand. Combustion of these metal-based propellants is a particularly hostile environment for laserbased diagnostics, with intense background luminosity, scattering and beam obstruction from hot metal particles that can be as large as several hundred microns in diameter. CARS spectra that were previously obtained using nanosecond pulsed lasers in an aluminumparticle- seeded flame are examined and are determined to be severely impacted by nonresonant background, presumably as a result of the plasma formed by particulateenhanced laser-induced breakdown. Introduction of fs/ps laser pulses enables CARS detection at reduced pulse energies, decreasing the likelihood of breakdown, while simultaneously providing time-gated elimination of any nonresonant background interference. Temperature probability densities and temperature/oxygen correlations were constructed from ensembles of several thousand single-laser-shot measurements from the fs/ps rotational CARS measurement volume positioned within 3 mm or less of the burning propellant surface. Preliminary results in canonical flames are presented using a hybrid fs/ps vibrational CARS system to demonstrate our progress towards acquiring vibrational CARS measurements for more accurate temperatures in the very high temperature propellant burns.

  8. Synthesis and properties of oxide /beta/-V/sub 2/O/sub 5/

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volkov, V L; Golovkin, B G; Fedyukov, A S; Zajnulin, Yu G

    1988-11-01

    Orthorhombic vanadium (5) oxide crystallizes in tetragonal syngony with elementary cell parameters: a=14.259+-0.006 and c=(12.576+-0.006) A, at 873 K temperature and pressure over 3.5 GPa. /beta/-V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ phase is stable up to 573 K under normal conditions. IR spectra and temperature dependence of /beta/-V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ electric conductivity are investigated. At temperatures over 458 K its electric conductivity is of inactivation character.

  9. Organic solvation of intercalated cations in V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ xerogels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lemordant, D.; Bouhaouss, A.; Aldbert, P.; Baffier, N.

    1986-01-01

    V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ xerogels (V/sub 2/O/sub 5/, 1.6H/sub 2/O) undergo a topotactic reversible exchange reaction at room temperature in organic solvents containing monovalent alkali or divalent (Mn/sup 2+/) cations. Basal spacing are dependent on solvent type and charge-to-radius ratio of guest cations. From the interlayer distances, two solvation stages have been inferred, depending on the nature of the solvent and of the cation, except with Cs/sup +/ for which no intracrystalline swelling by organic solvents is observed

  10. Electronic transitions of C{sub 5}H{sup +} and C{sub 5}H: neon matrix and CASPT2 studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fulara, Jan, E-mail: fulara@ifpan.edu.pl [Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, Klingelbergstarasse 80, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników, 32/46, PL-02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Nagy, Adam; Chakraborty, Arghya; Maier, John P., E-mail: j.p.maier@unibas.ch [Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, Klingelbergstarasse 80, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

    2016-06-28

    Two electronic transitions at 512.3 and 250 nm of linear-C{sub 5}H{sup +} are detected following mass-selective deposition of m/z = 61 cations into a 6 K neon matrix and assigned to the 1 {sup 1}Π←X {sup 1}Σ{sup +} and 1 {sup 1}Σ{sup +}←X {sup 1}Σ{sup +} systems. Five absorption systems of l-C{sub 5}H with origin bands at 528,7, 482.6, 429.0, 368.5, and 326.8 nm are observed after neutralization of the cations in the matrix and identified as transitions from the X {sup 2}Π to 1 {sup 2}Δ, 1 {sup 2}Σ {sup −}, 1 {sup 2}Σ{sup +}, 2 {sup 2}Π, and 3 {sup 2}Π electronic states. The assignment to specific structures is based on calculated excitation energies, vibrational frequencies in the electronic states, along with simulated Franck–Condon profiles.

  11. Magnetic properties and inhomogeneous phase transition in (Fe sub x Co sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub - sub x)Pt sub 0 sub . sub 5 films

    CERN Document Server

    Jang, P W; Na, J G; Lee, S R

    1999-01-01

    (Fe sub x Co sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub - sub x)Pt sub 0 sub . sub 5 ternary thin films were deposited on glass substrates by using a dc sputtering method at room temperature and were subsequently annealed at 700 .deg. C in a high vacuum. A high degree of the (111) preferred orientation could be obtained in all the as-deposited films and was not destroyed, even though post annealing. The CoPt and the FePt binary alloys were completely mixed and had a L1 sub o -type ordered structure, as confirmed by single (222) peaks and by the linear variation of the lattice constant a sub o. The ordered structure of the FePt alloy was thought to have formed from the disordered structure by an inhomogeneous process, which was confirmed by the asymmetric peak shapes. The lattice parameter a sub o varied linearly with the Fe content while the coercivity showed a minimum value at the equiatomic composition of the Fe and the Co atoms.

  12. Thermoelectric power measurements in Fe doped La sub 0 sub . sub 6 sub 5 Ca sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 5 MnO sub 3

    CERN Document Server

    Aslam, A; Zubair, M; Akhtar, M J; Nadeem, M

    2002-01-01

    We report measurements of the thermoelectric power (TEP) on the La sub 0 sub . sub 6 sub 5 Ca sub 0 sub . sub 3 sub 5 Mn sub 1 sub - sub x Fe sub x O sub 3 system for 0.00 <= x <= 0.07. The ferromagnetic and metallic transition temperatures are lowered and the TEP shows an increasingly positive trend with the addition of Fe. We also observe a clear magnetic contribution that manifests itself as a peak in the TEP close to the critical temperature. The activation energies determined from the TEP are seen to be insensitive to the Fe content. The data are interpreted firstly as showing a decrease in the density of active holes, i.e. holes that can participate in the hopping process, with increasing Fe content. Secondly the data suggest the role of magnetic scattering due to the clusters formed by the antiferromagnetically coupled Fe. Abrupt changes in the variation of the TEP are observed at the concentration region x approx 0.04 consistent with the hole density variation and with previously reported transp...

  13. Manila on CephFS at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Wiebalck, Arne

    2017-01-01

    In response to the user demand for a light-weight provisioning of distributed file system shares, the OpenStack and Ceph teams at CERN have recently added Manila/CephFS to their service catalogues. While leveraging the operational experience with a 190'000 core OpenStack deployment and a 12 PB Ceph cluster for such a self-service kiosque suggested itself, the service design and setup phases were followed by a number of functionality and stress tests to ensure the individual components are ready for production use. The final service design and the results obtained during the pre-production phase, for instance when scaling to a large number of Manila and CephFS clients or the integration with Magnum/Kubernetes, will be presented alongside the initial use cases and our first experiences running these new services in production.

  14. Cr{sub 2}O{sub 5} as new cathode for rechargeable sodium ion batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng, Xu-Yong; Chien, Po-Hsiu; Rose, Alyssa M.; Zheng, Jin [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 (United States); Hung, Ivan; Gan, Zhehong [Centre of Interdisciplinary Magnetic Resonance, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, 1800 East Paul Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Hu, Yan-Yan, E-mail: hu@chem.fsu.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 (United States); Centre of Interdisciplinary Magnetic Resonance, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, 1800 East Paul Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States)

    2016-10-15

    Chromium oxide, Cr{sub 2}O{sub 5}, was synthesized by pyrolyzing CrO{sub 3} at 350 °C and employed as a new cathode in rechargeable sodium ion batteries. Cr{sub 2}O{sub 5}/Na rechargeable batteries delivered high specific capacities up to 310 mAh/g at a current density of C/16 (or 20 mA/g). High-resolution solid-state {sup 23}Na NMR both qualitatively and quantitatively revealed the reversible intercalation of Na ions into the bulk electrode and participation of Na ions in the formation of the solid-electrolyte interphase largely at low potentials. Amorphization of the electrode structure occurred during the first discharge revealed by both NMR and X-ray diffraction data. CrO{sub 3}-catalyzed electrolyte degradation and loss in electronic conductivity led to gradual capacity fading. The specific capacity stabilized at >120 mAh/g after 50 charge-discharge cycles. Further improvement in electrochemical performance is possible via electrode surface modification, polymer binder incorporation, or designs of new morphologies. - Graphical abstract: Electrochemical profile of a Cr{sub 2}O{sub 5}/Na battery cell and high-resolution solid-state {sup 23}Na MAS NMR spectrum of a Cr{sub 2}O{sub 5} electrode discharged to 2 V. - Highlights: • Cr{sub 2}O{sub 5} was synthesized and used as a new cathode in rechargeable Na ion batteries. • A high capacity of 310 mAh/g and an energy density of 564 Wh/kg were achieved. • High-resolution solid-state {sup 23}Na NMR was employed to follow the reaction mechanisms.

  15. Infrared Observations of FS CMa Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitko, Michael L.; Russell, R. W.; Lynch, D. K.; Grady, C. A.; Hammel, H. B.; Beerman, L. C.; Day, A. N.; Huelsman, D.; Rudy, R. J.; Brafford, S. M.; Halbedel, E. M.

    2009-01-01

    A subset of non-supergiant B[e] stars has recently been recognized as forming a fairly unique class of objects with very strong emission lines, infrared excesses, and locations not associated with star formation. The exact evolutionary state of these stars, named for the prototype FS CMa, is uncertain, and they have often been classified as isolated Herbig AeBe stars. We present infrared observations of two of these stars, HD 45677 (FS CMa), HD 50138 (MWC 158), and the candidate FS CMa star HD 190073 (V1295 Aql) that span over a decade in time. All three exhibit an emission band at 10 microns due to amorphous silicates, confirming that much (if not all) of the infrared excess is due to dust. HD 50138 is found to exhibit 20% variability between 3-13 microns that resembles that found in pre-main sequence systems (HD 163296 and HD 31648). HD 45677, despite large changes at visual wavelengths, has remained relatively stable in the infrared. To date, no significant changes have been observed in HD 190073. This work is supported in part by NASA Origins of Solar Systems grant NAG5-9475, NASA Astrophysics Data Program contract NNH05CD30C, and the Independent Research and Development program at The Aerospace Corporation.

  16. Use of the Femtosecond Lasers in Ophthalmology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roszkowska Anna M

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Femtosecond laser (FSL is an infrared laser with a wavelength of 1053 nm. FS laser works producing photodisruption or photoionization of the optically transparent tissue such as cornea. Currently FS lasers have a wide range of applications in ophthalmic surgery. They are used above all in corneal surgery in refractive procedures and keratoplasty, and recently in cataract surgery. The use of the FSL in corneal refractive surgery includes LASIK flap creation, astigmatic keratotomy, Femtosecond Lenticule Extraction (FLEx, Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE and channels creation for implantation of the intrastromal corneal rings. As to the corneal grafting, the FS lasers are used in laser-assisted anterior and posterior lamellar keratoplasty and customized trephination in the penetrating keratoplasty. FS Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS includes capsulorrhexis and nuclear fragmentation that enhance safety and efficacy of the procedure.

  17. Use of the Femtosecond Lasers in Ophthalmology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roszkowska, Anna M.; Urso, Mario; Signorino, Alberto; Aragona, Pasquale

    2018-01-01

    Femtosecond laser (FSL) is an infrared laser with a wavelength of 1053 nm. FS laser works producing photodisruption or photoionization of the optically transparent tissue such as cornea. Currently FS lasers have a wide range of applications in ophthalmic surgery. They are used above all in corneal surgery in refractive procedures and keratoplasty, and recently in cataract surgery. The use of the FSL in corneal refractive surgery includes LASIK flap creation, astigmatic keratotomy, Femtosecond Lenticule Extraction (FLEx), Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) and channels creation for implantation of the intrastromal corneal rings. As to the corneal grafting, the FS lasers are used in laser-assisted anterior and posterior lamellar keratoplasty and customized trephination in the penetrating keratoplasty. FS Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS) includes capsulorrhexis and nuclear fragmentation that enhance safety and efficacy of the procedure.

  18. Femtosecond and nanosecond pulsed laser deposition of silicon and germanium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reenaas, Turid Worren [Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim (Norway); Lee, Yen Sian [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Chowdhury, Fatema Rezwana; Gupta, Manisha; Tsui, Ying Yin [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta (Canada); Tou, Teck Yong [Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor (Malaysia); Yap, Seong Ling [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Kok, Soon Yie [Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor (Malaysia); Yap, Seong Shan, E-mail: seongshan@gmail.com [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2015-11-01

    Highlights: • Ge and Si were deposited by fs and ns laser at room temperature and at vacuum. • Ion of 10{sup 4} ms{sup −1} and 30–200 eV was obtained for ns ablation for Ge and Si. • Highly energetic ions of 10{sup 5} ms{sup −1} with 2–7 KeV were produced in fs laser ablation. • Nanocrystalline Si and Ge were deposited by using fs laser. • Nanoparticles < 10 nm haven been obtained by fs laser. - Abstract: 150 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulsed laser deposition of Si and Ge were compared to a nanosecond KrF laser (25 ns). The ablation thresholds for ns lasers were about 2.5 J cm{sup −2} for Si and 2.1 J cm{sup −2} for Ge. The values were about 5–10 times lower when fs laser were used. The power densities were 10{sup 8}–10{sup 9} W cm{sup −2} for ns but 10{sup 12} W cm{sup −2} for fs. By using an ion probe, the ions emission at different fluence were measured where the emitting ions achieving the velocity in the range of 7–40 km s{sup −1} and kinetic energy in the range of 30–200 eV for ns laser. The ion produced by fs laser was measured to be highly energetic, 90–200 km s{sup −1}, 2–10 KeV. Two ion peaks were detected above specific laser fluence for both ns and fs laser ablation. Under fs laser ablation, the films were dominated by nano-sized crystalline particles, drastically different from nanosecond pulsed laser deposition where amorphous films were obtained. The ions characteristics and effects of pulse length on the properties of the deposited films were discussed.

  19. Ab-initio study of the stability of the D8{sub m}-Nb{sub 5}Sn{sub 2}Ga and D8{sub m}-Ta{sub 5}SnGa{sub 2} compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colinet, Catherine, E-mail: ccolinet@simap.grenoble-inp.fr [Science et Ingénierie des Matériaux et Procédés, Grenoble INP, UJF, CNRS, 38402 Saint Martin d’Hères Cedex (France); Tedenac, Jean-Claude [Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux I.C.G., UMR-CNRS 5253, Université Montpellier II, Place E. Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France)

    2015-03-15

    Graphical abstract: Thermodynamic data along the sections Ta{sub 5}Sn{sub 3}–Ta{sub 5}Ga{sub 3} at low and high temperature. - Highlights: • First principles calculations were performed along sections V{sub 5}Sn{sub 3}–V{sub 5}Ga{sub 3}, Nb{sub 5}Sn{sub 3}–Nb{sub 5}Ga{sub 3}, and Ta{sub 5}Sn{sub 3}–Ta{sub 5}Ga{sub 3}. • The ternary compound D8{sub m}-Nb{sub 5}Sn{sub 2}Ga is stable. • The phase D8{sub m}-Ta{sub 5}SnGa{sub 2} is stable in the D8{sub m} structure. • In this phase, the Sn and Ga atoms share the 8h sites. - Abstract: First principles calculations have been performed in the T–Sn–Ga (T = V, Nb, Ta) systems along the section x{sub T} = 0.625. The enthalpies of formation of the binary and ternary D8{sub m}, D8{sub 1}, and D8{sub 8} structures have been calculated. In the V–Sn–Ga system, no ternary structure is stable in the section. In the Nb–Sn–Ga system, the ternary compound D8{sub m}-Nb{sub 5}Sn{sub 2}Ga is stable. In the Ta–Sn–Ga system, a combination of the ab-initio calculations and Gibbs energy calculations using the sublattice model allows the show that the phase D8{sub m}-Ta{sub 5}(Sn,Ga){sub 2}Ga with a mixed occupancy of the 8h sites of the structure by Ga and Sn atoms is stable at high temperature due to the configurational entropy. These results are in agreement with the experimental determinations previously published in the literature.

  20. Application of radiometric method to determine P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ at Verkhnekamsk phosphorite mine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belyakov, M A; Terent' ev, E P; Anderzhanov, V N

    1981-01-01

    Correlations between P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content and natural radioactivity in phosphorites of Vjatsko-Kamsk deposits and products of their enrichment, are considered. A scheme of an installation to conduct continuous radiometric control of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in the pulp flow is presented. The results of the installation test at Verkhnekamsk phosphorite mine to control P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in the flow final rejects are given.

  1. Ellipsometry study of optical parameters of AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isik, Mehmet, E-mail: mehmet.isik@atilim.edu.tr [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Atilim University, 06836 Ankara (Turkey); Gasanly, Nizami [Department of Physics, Middle East Technical University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Virtual International Scientific Research Centre, Baku State University, 1148 Baku (Azerbaijan)

    2015-12-01

    AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} crystals grown by Bridgman method were characterized for optical properties by ellipsometry measurements. Spectral dependence of optical parameters; real and imaginary parts of the pseudodielectric function, pseudorefractive index, pseudoextinction coefficient, reflectivity and absorption coefficient were obtained from ellipsometry experiments carried out in the 1.2–6.2 eV range. Direct band gap energy of 1.84 eV was found from the analysis of absorption coefficient vs. photon energy. The oscillator energy, dispersion energy and zero-frequency refractive index, high-frequency dielectric constant values were found from the analysis of the experimental data using Wemple-DiDomenico and Spitzer-Fan models. Crystal structure and atomic composition ratio of the constituent elements in the AgIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} crystal were revealed from structural characterization techniques of X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive spectroscopy.

  2. Formation of SmFe{sub 5}(0001) ordered alloy thin films on Cu(111) single-crystal underlayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yabuhara, Osamu; Ohtake, Mitsuru; Nukaga, Yuri; Futamoto, Masaaki [Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551 (Japan); Kirino, Fumiyoshi, E-mail: yabuhara@futamoto.elect.chuo-u.ac.j [Graduate School of Fine Arts, Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music, 12-8 Ueno-koen, Taito-ku, Tokyo 110-8714 (Japan)

    2010-01-01

    SmFe{sub 5}(0001) single-crystal thin films are prepared by molecular beam epitaxy employing Cu(111) single-crystal underlayers on MgO(111) substrates. The Cu atoms diffuse into the Sm-Fe layer and substitute the Fe sites in SmFe{sub 5} structure forming an alloy compound of Sm(Fe,Cu){sub 5}. The Sm(Fe,Cu){sub 5} film is more Cu enriched with increasing the substrate temperature. The Cu underlayer plays an important role in assisting the formation of the ordered phase.

  3. On tungstates of divalent cations (II). Polymorphy of Pb{sub 2}WO{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jantz, Stephan G.; Dialer, Marwin; Hoeppe, Henning A. [Lehrstuhl fuer Festkoerperchemie, Universitaet Augsburg (Germany); Pielnhofer, Florian [Abteilung Nanochemie, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2017-12-13

    The phase transition from the low temperature form Pb{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}] to its high temperature form Pb{sub 2}O[WO{sub 4}] was monitored by means of temperature dependent powder XRD. Single-crystals of Pb{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}], suitable for a structure determination by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, were obtained by quenching a sample from 500 C to room temperature. The low-temperature phase Pb{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}] comprises the structural motive of infinite zigzag chains built by cornersharing WO{sub 6} octahedra, known from the tungstates M{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}] (M = Sr, Ba), but crystallizes in a new structure type [C2/c, a = 14.0996(4) Aa, b = 5.8579(2) Aa, c = 12.6877(4) Aa, β = 114.3569(13) , Z = 8, R{sub int} = 0.042, R{sub 1} = 0.040, wR{sub 2} = 0.068]. The crystal structure of the high-temperature phase Pb{sub 2}O[WO{sub 4}] [C2/m, a = 14.2126(4) Aa, b = 5.80150(10) Aa, c = 7.3477(2) Aa, β = 113.9402(7) , Z = 4, R{sub 1} = 0.035, wR{sub 2} = 0.055] is revised, based on single-crystal XRD data. Furthermore spectroscopic data (IR, Raman and UV/Vis spectra) are presented. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Crystal structure of ferroelectric Bi{sub 2}VO{sub 5.5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sooryanarayana, K.; Guru Row, T.N.; Varma, K.B.R. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India)

    1997-12-01

    The structure of the {alpha}-phase of bismuth vanadate Bi{sub 2}VO{sub 5.5} has been determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction data in the space group Aba2. The refinement involves a well defined disorder at the vanadium site, which incorporates the features of the superlattice structure with vanadium tetrahedra and oxygen-deficient octahedra that is displaced about the twofold axis.

  5. Spectroscopic properties of K{sub 5}Li{sub 2}UF{sub 10}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karbowiak, M. [Faculty of Chemistry, University of WrocIaw, ul. F. Joliot-Curie 14, 50-383 WrocIaw (Poland)]. E-mail: karb@wchuwr.chem.uni.wroc.pl; Gajek, Z. [W. Trzebiatowski Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); Drozdzynski, J. [Faculty of Chemistry, University of WrocIaw, ul. F. Joliot-Curie 14, 50-383 WrocIaw (Poland)

    2005-04-04

    A new uranium (III) fluoro-complex of the formula K{sub 5}Li{sub 2}UF{sub 10} has been synthesised and characterised by X-ray powder diffraction and electronic absorption spectra measurements. The compound crystallises in the orthorhombic system, space group Pnma, with a = 20.723, b = 7.809, c = 6.932 A, V = 1121.89 A{sup 3}, Z = 4 and is isostructural with its K{sub 5}Li{sub 2}NdF{sub 10} and K{sub 5}Li{sub 2}LaF{sub 10} analogous. The absorption spectrum of a polycrystalline sample of K{sub 5}Li{sub 2}UF{sub 10} was recorded at 4.2 K in the 3500-45,000 cm{sup -1} range and is discussed. The observed crystal-field levels were assigned and fitted to parameters of the simplified angular overlap model (AOM) and next to those of a semi-empirical Hamiltonian, which was representing the combined atomic and one-electron crystal-field interactions. The starting values of the AOM parameters were obtained from ab initio calculations. The analysis of the spectra enabled the assignment of 71 crystal-field levels of U{sup 3+} with a relatively small r.m.s. deviation of 37 cm{sup -1}. The total splitting of 714 cm{sup -1} was calculated for the {sup 4}I{sub 9/2} ground multiplet.

  6. Intrinsic radioactivity of KSr{sub 2}I{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rust, M.; Melcher, C.; Lukosi, E., E-mail: elukosi@utk.edu

    2016-10-11

    A current need in nuclear security is an economical, yet high energy resolution (near 2%), scintillation detector suitable for gamma-ray spectroscopy. For current scintillators on the market, there is an inverse relationship between scintillator energy resolution and cost of production. A new promising scintillator, KSr{sub 2}I{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+}, under development at the University of Tennessee, has achieved an energy resolution of 2.4% at 662 keV at room temperature, with potential growth rates exceeding several millimeters per hour. However, the internal background due to the {sup 40}K content could present a hurdle for effective source detection/identification in nuclear security applications. As a first step in addressing this question, this paper reports on a computational investigation of the intrinsic differential pulse height spectrum (DPHS) generated by {sup 40}K within the KSr{sub 2}I{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} scintillator as a function of crystal geometry. It was found that the DPHS remains relatively equal to a constant multiplicative factor of the negatron emission spectrum with a direct increase of the 1.46 MeV photopeak relative height to the negatron spectrum with volume. Further, peak pileup does not readily manifest itself for practical KSr{sub 2}I{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} volumes.

  7. Crystal field splitting in CePt{sub 5}. Magnetic analysis and Raman spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinner, Martin; Praetorius, Christian; Fauth, Kai [Universitaet Wuerzburg, Experimentelle Physik II, 97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Halbig, Benedikt; Bass, Utz; Geurts, Jean [Universitaet Wuerzburg, Experimentelle Physik III, 97074 Wuerzburg (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    The crystal electric field (CF) is an essential factor determining the paramagnetic response of rare earth ions in solids. In Ce intermetallics, Kondo screening can additionally modify the magnetic behavior and it may then prove difficult to disentangle the two. In the hexagonal surface intermetallic CePt{sub 5}, grown on Pt(111), we find two distinct sets of CF parameters which both account rather well for the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility and its temperature dependence. Different strengths of Kondo screening have to be assumed in the two cases in order to obtain quantitative agreement with experimental results. Discriminating between the two solutions requires an independent determination of the CF splitting. We shall report on our attempts to obtain this information from electronic Raman scattering. Raman signal is indeed even obtained from CePt{sub 5} specimens with a thickness of just two unit cells. We shall discuss the identification of electronic Raman losses by comparison with LaPt{sub 5} as well as the dependence of the Raman features on temperature and thickness of the intermetallic film.

  8. Preemiad said Rein Raud, fs, Mart Kivastik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. aasta kirjanduse aastapreemia laureaadid on: Rein Raud ("Hector ja Bernard"), fs (luulekogu "2004"), Mart Kivastik (näidend "Külmetava kunstniku portree"), Jaan Rannap ("Nelja nimega koer"), Toomas Haug ("Troojamäe tõotus"), Harald Rajamets (tõlkeluule kogumik "Pegasos ja peegel"), Antoine Chalvin ("Kalevipoja" tõlge prantsuse keelde"), Ilmar Talve ("Eesti kultuurilugu"), Lauri Sommer (artikkel Uku Masingu käsikirja "Saadik Magellani pilvest" vaimne, ajalis-ruumiline ja elulooline taust), Boris Tuch ("Gorjatshaja desjatka estonskihh pisatelei")

  9. Judd-Ofelt analysis and improvement of thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses by adding P{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jlassi, I. [Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Mineraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des Materiaux, B.P. 95, Hammam-Lif 2050 (Tunisia); Elhouichet, H., E-mail: habib.elhouichet@fst.rnu.t [Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Mineraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des Materiaux, B.P. 95, Hammam-Lif 2050 (Tunisia); Departement de Physique, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, Campus ElManar 2092 (Tunisia); Ferid, M. [Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Mineraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des Materiaux, B.P. 95, Hammam-Lif 2050 (Tunisia); Barthou, C. [Institut des Nanosciences de Paris, Universite P. et M. Curie, Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR-7588, Campus Boucicaut, 140 rue de Lourmel, 75015 Paris (France)

    2010-12-15

    Er{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped tellurite glasses, suitable for developing optical fiber laser and amplifier, have been elaborated from the conventional melt-quenching method. Results of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements indicate a good thermal stability of tellurite glasses. The DSC measurements show an improvement of thermal stability of glass hosts after adding P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Absorption spectrum from near infrared to visible was obtained and the Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters ({Omega}{sub 2}, {Omega}{sub 4}, and {Omega}{sub 6}) were determined. Spontaneous emission probabilities of some relevant transitions, branching ratio, and radiative lifetimes of several excited states of Er{sup 3+} have been predicted using intensity J-O parameters. Absorption cross-section and calculated emission cross-section, using the McCumber method, for the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2{yields}}{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition, were determined and compared for the doped and co-doped glasses. Energy transfer (ET) and effect of changing concentration of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Yb{sup 3+} ions on spectroscopic properties were investigated. It was found that the addition of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} can increase the symmetry of the Er{sup 3+} ion. As a consequence, PL lifetime becomes more longer. The spectroscopic properties and the efficient infrared luminescence indicate that Er{sup 3+} doped TeO{sub 2}-ZnO-Na{sub 2}O-Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}(TZNE) is a promising laser and amplifier materials and may be a potentially useful material for developing upconversion fiber optical devices.

  10. The new silver borate Ag{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 9}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohr, Gerhard; Falkowski, Viktoria; Huppertz, Hubert, E-mail: hubert.huppertz@uibk.ac.at

    2015-05-15

    Single crystals of Ag{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 9} were obtained via high-pressure synthesis at 3 GPa and 600 °C, using a Walker-type multianvil high-pressure device. Ag{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 9} crystalizes with a=674.7(2), b=943.5(2), c=1103.5(2) pm, V=0.7025(2) nm{sup 3}, and Z=4 in the noncentrosymmetric space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} (no. 19). The orthorhombic structure was refined from 3740 independent reflections with R1=0.0496 and wR2=0.587 (all data). It is built up from infinite corner-sharing chains of BO{sub 4} tetrahedra along the a axis, which are interconnected by BO{sub 3} groups to form a network. In the structure, three crystallographically independent sites are occupied with Ag{sup +} cations exhibiting argentophillic interactions. The synthetic conditions as well as the results of the single crystal structure analysis are presented. - Graphical abstract: Noncentrosymmetric silver borate: During investigations in the system Ag–B–O, a new noncentrosymmetric silver borate Ag{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 9} was discovered. The new structure type is built up from corner-sharing BO{sub 3} and BO{sub 4} groups, forming a network. Argentophillic interactions are clearly indicated by the Ag{sup +}⋯Ag{sup +} distances present in the structure. - Highlights: • A noncentrosymmetric borate Ag{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 9} is accessible via high-pressure synthesis. • Ag{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 9} is the second high-pressure silver borate. • Ag{sup +}⋯Ag{sup +} distances in Ag3B5O9 clearly indicate the presence of argentophillic interactions.

  11. Glass formation and properties of glasses in V/sub 2/O/sub 5/-B/sub 2/O/sub 3/-P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sedmale, G P; Vajvad, Ya A; Arkhipova, S E; Laukmanis, L A

    1987-01-01

    The glass formation in the system V/sub 2/O/sub 5/-B/sub 2/O/sub 3/-P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ and the properties of the obtained glasses have been studied by methods including that of the mathematical design and the treatment of the obtained data on ECM. The glass formation region is limited by the molar content of V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ 30-80%, B/sub 2/O/sub 3/ 0-45%, P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ 20-65%. The chemical stability data show that at the molar content of V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ 45-50% the transfer of vanadium from the state of the modificator to the glass-forming agent takes place. For the studied glasses the electron mechanism of conductivity is the dominating one.

  12. Next Generation Driver for Attosecond and Laser-plasma Physics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas, D E; Borot, A; Cardenas, D E; Marcus, G; Gu, X; Herrmann, D; Xu, J; Tan, J; Kormin, D; Ma, G; Dallari, W; Tsakiris, G D; Földes, I B; Chou, S-W; Weidman, M; Bergues, B; Wittmann, T; Schröder, H; Tzallas, P; Charalambidis, D; Razskazovskaya, O; Pervak, V; Krausz, F; Veisz, L

    2017-07-12

    The observation and manipulation of electron dynamics in matter call for attosecond light pulses, routinely available from high-order harmonic generation driven by few-femtosecond lasers. However, the energy limitation of these lasers supports only weak sources and correspondingly linear attosecond studies. Here we report on an optical parametric synthesizer designed for nonlinear attosecond optics and relativistic laser-plasma physics. This synthesizer uniquely combines ultra-relativistic focused intensities of about 10 20  W/cm 2 with a pulse duration of sub-two carrier-wave cycles. The coherent combination of two sequentially amplified and complementary spectral ranges yields sub-5-fs pulses with multi-TW peak power. The application of this source allows the generation of a broad spectral continuum at 100-eV photon energy in gases as well as high-order harmonics in relativistic plasmas. Unprecedented spatio-temporal confinement of light now permits the investigation of electric-field-driven electron phenomena in the relativistic regime and ultimately the rise of next-generation intense isolated attosecond sources.

  13. fs - kes ta on ja kust ta tuleb : [luuletused] / [Mesikepp, Indrek] fs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    fs, pseud., 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: fs - kes ta on ja kust ta tuleb ; "töötasin arhiivis..." ; mustad puud mustas vees ; "on päev. on kylm. on öö..." ; "tead ju kyll..." ; "päiksest paistes päevad..." ; "mida sa teed kui on öö..."

  14. Dual Functions of Carbon in Li(sub4)Ti(sub5)O(sub12)/C Microspheres

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wen, L

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Spinel Li(sub4)Ti(sub5)O(sub12) has become an alternative material to replace graphite anodes in terms of solving safety issues and improving battery life-time. Unfortunately, as Li(sub4)Ti(sub5)O(sub12) is an insulator, the low electrical...

  15. Development of a high power femtosecond laser

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Neethling, PH

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Laser Research Institute and the CSIR National Laser Centre are developing a high power femtosecond laser system in a joint project with a phased approach. The laser system consists of an fs oscillator and a regenerative amplifier. An OPCPA...

  16. Evidence that cytochrome b{sub 5} acts as a redox donor in CYP17A1 mediated androgen synthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duggal, Ruchia [Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); Liu, Yilin [Department of Chemistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Gregory, Michael C.; Denisov, Ilia G. [Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); Kincaid, James R. [Department of Chemistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Sligar, Stephen G., E-mail: s-sligar@illinois.edu [Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)

    2016-08-19

    Cytochrome P450 17A1 (CYP17A1) is an important drug target for castration resistant prostate cancer. It is a bi-functional enzyme, catalyzing production of glucocorticoid precursors by hydroxylation of pregnene-nucleus, and androgen biosynthesis by a second C−C lyase step, at the expense of glucocorticoid production. Cytochrome b{sub 5} (cyt b{sub 5}) is known to be a key regulator of the androgen synthesis reaction in vivo, by a mechanism that is not well understood. Two hypotheses have been proposed for the mechanism by which cyt b{sub 5} increases androgen biosynthesis. Cyt b{sub 5} could act as an allosteric effector, binding to CYP17A1 and either changing its selective substrate affinity or altering the conformation of the P450 to increase the catalytic rate or decrease unproductive uncoupling channels. Alternatively, cyt b{sub 5} could act as a redox donor for supply of the second electron in the P450 cycle, reducing the oxyferrous complex to form the reactive peroxo-intermediate. To understand the mechanism of lyase enhancement by cyt b{sub 5}, we generated a redox-inactive form of cyt b{sub 5}, in which the heme is replaced with a Manganese-protoporphyrin IX (Mn-b{sub 5}), and investigated enhancement of androgen producing lyase reaction by CYP17A1. Given the critical significance of a stable membrane anchor for all of the proteins involved and the need for controlled stoichiometric ratios, we employed the Nanodisc system for this study. The redox inactive form was observed to have no effect on the lyase reaction, while reactions with the normal heme-iron containing cyt b{sub 5} were enhanced ∼5 fold as compared to reactions in the absence of cyt b{sub 5}. We also performed resonance Raman measurements on ferric CYP17A1 bound to Mn-b{sub 5}. Upon addition of Mn-b{sub 5} to Nanodisc reconstituted CYP17A1, we observed clear evidence for the formation of a b{sub 5}-CYP17A1 complex, as noted by changes in the porphyrin modes and alteration in the proximal

  17. Lasers

    CERN Document Server

    Milonni, Peter W

    1988-01-01

    A comprehensive introduction to the operating principles and applications of lasers. Explains basic principles, including the necessary elements of classical and quantum physics. Provides concise discussions of various laser types including gas, solid state, semiconductor, and free electron lasers, as well as of laser resonators, diffraction, optical coherence, and many applications including holography, phase conjugation, wave mixing, and nonlinear optics. Incorporates many intuitive explanations and practical examples. Discussions are self-contained in a consistent notation and in a style that should appeal to physicists, chemists, optical scientists and engineers.

  18. Sub-fs electron bunch generation with sub-10-fs bunch arrival-time jitter via bunch slicing in a magnetic chicane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Zhu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The generation of ultrashort electron bunches with ultrasmall bunch arrival-time jitter is of vital importance for laser-plasma wakefield acceleration with external injection. We study the production of 100-MeV electron bunches with bunch durations of subfemtosecond (fs and bunch arrival-time jitters of less than 10 fs, in an S-band photoinjector by using a weak magnetic chicane with a slit collimator. The beam dynamics inside the chicane is simulated by using two codes with different self-force models. The first code separates the self-force into a three-dimensional (3D quasistatic space-charge model and a one-dimensional coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR model, while the other one starts from the first principle with a so-called 3D sub-bunch method. The simulations indicate that the CSR effect dominates the horizontal emittance growth and the 1D CSR model underestimates the final bunch duration and emittance because of the very large transverse-to-longitudinal aspect ratio of the sub-fs bunch. Particularly, the CSR effect is also strongly affected by the vertical bunch size. Due to the coupling between the horizontal and longitudinal phase spaces, the bunch duration at the entrance of the last dipole magnet of the chicane is still significantly longer than that at the exit of the chicane, which considerably mitigates the impact of space charge and CSR effects on the beam quality. Exploiting this effect, a bunch charge of up to 4.8 pC in a sub-fs bunch could be simulated. In addition, we analytically and numerically investigate the impact of different jitter sources on the bunch arrival-time jitter downstream of the chicane, and define the tolerance budgets assuming realistic values of the stability of the linac for different bunch charges and compression schemes.

  19. SeaWiFS Third Anniversary Global Biosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    September 18,2000 is the third anniversary of the start of regular SeaWiFS operations of this remarkable planet called Earth. This SeaWiFS image is of the Global Biosphere depicting the ocean's long-term average phytoplankton chlorophyll concentration acquired between September 1997 and August 2000 combined with the SeaWiFS-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over land during July 2000.

  20. Lifshitz transitions in RCo{sub 5} (R=Y,La) and in Osmium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koudela, D.

    2007-02-20

    The aim of this thesis was to find Lifshitz transitions, which are topological changes of the Fermi surface. The materials under consideration had been YCo{sub 5} and LaCo{sub 5} and Osmium. In all cases the question arose, if the corresponding van Hove singularities are large enough to cause detectable anomalies in the elastic properties. To shift the van Hove singularities through the Fermi energy we used hydrostatic pressure, which is mimicked in the computations by decreasing the volume of the unit cell, where the ratio of the unit cell dimensions c/a is adjusted such that E{sub total}(V)=min{sub (c/a)}E{sub total}(V,c/a). In the case of YCo{sub 5} our calculations yield a first order Lifshitz transition. Here, an extraordinarily large peak in the spin-up part of the DOS, which is caused by a nearly dispersionless band in the hexagonal plane, crosses the Fermi level under a pressure of about 21 GPa. Thus, the spin-up 3d states become partly depopulated, which results in a drop of the total magnetic moment of 35%. Further, the transition results in a volume collapse of 1:4%. Though the volume collapse is isomorphic, it exhibits the following anisotropy: while the lattice constant in the hexagonal plane is almost smoothly contracting with increasing pressure, the lattice constant in c-direction collapses at the transition-pressure. Analogous calculations have been performed for the similar compound LaCo{sub 5}. Here as well we predict a first order Lifshitz transition, taking place at a pressure of about 23 GPa. Again we find a volume collapse under pres- sure together with a decrease of the magnetic moment. The relative volume change amounts to 1:3%. Like in YCo{sub 5}, the unit cell dimensions in the hexagonal plane are decreasing almost smoothly with pressure but in c-direction a jump occurs at the transition-pressure. Also the mechanism of the transition is the same than in YCo{sub 5}. For Osmium we find, that LDA reproduces the ground state volume very well

  1. First-principles insights on electron transport in V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srivastava, Anurag [Advanced Materials Research Group, Computational Nanoscience and Technology Laboratory, Atal Bihari Vajpayee-Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh 474015 (India); Chandiramouli, R., E-mail: rcmoulii@gmail.com [School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Shanmugha Arts Science Technology and Research Academy (SASTRA) University, Tirumalaisamudram, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 613 401 (India)

    2015-11-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Band structure and electron transport in V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructure are investigated using density functional theory. • V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructure exhibits semiconducting behavior. • The electron density is observed to be more in oxygen sites than in vanadium sites. • The electron transport in V{sub 2}O{sub 5} molecular device can be tuned with the applied bias voltage. - Abstract: The present report is on the electron transport properties of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructures, investigated using density functional theory. As the band structure of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} exhibits semiconducting nature, the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructures are designed as molecular device and the transport properties are studied. The density of electrons is found to be more in the oxygen sites than in vanadium sites. The device density of states shows that the density of electrons in the energy intervals depends on the applied bias voltage. The transmission spectrum gives the insight on the transport property of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} molecular device. The bias voltage drives the electrons across V{sub 2}O{sub 5} scattering region, where the transmission along V{sub 2}O{sub 5} molecular device mainly depends on the bias voltage. The findings of the present work give insights to fine-tune the transport property of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} molecular device upon varying the bias voltage.

  2. Electron bunch profile reconstruction in the few fs regime using coherent Smith-Purcell radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bartolini, R; Delerue, N; Doucas, G; Reichold, A; Clarke, C

    2012-01-01

    Advanced accelerators for fourth generation light sources based on high brightness linacs or laser-driven wakefield accelerators will operate with intense, highly relativistic electron bunches that are only a few fs long. Diagnostic techniques for the determination of temporal profile of such bunches are required to be non invasive, single shot, economic and with the required resolution in the fs regime. The use of a radiative process such as coherent Smith-Purcell radiation (SPR), is particularly promising with this respect. In this technique the beam is made to radiate a small amount of electromagnetic radiation and the temporal profile is reconstructed from the measured spectral distribution of the radiation. We summarise the advantages of SPR and present the design parameters and preliminary results of the experiments at the FACET facility at SLAC. We also discuss a new approach to the problem of the recovery of the 'missing phase', which is essential for the accurate reconstruction of the temporal bunch profile.

  3. Electron Bunch Profile Reconstruction in the Few fs Regime using Coherent Smith-Purcell Radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bartolini, R.; Clarke, C.; Delerue, N.; Doucasa, G.; Reicholda, A.

    2012-01-01

    Advanced accelerators for fourth generation light sources based on high brightness linacs or laser-driven wakefield accelerators will operate with intense, highly relativistic electron bunches that are only a few fs long. Diagnostic techniques for the determination of temporal profile of such bunches are required to be non invasive, single shot, economic and with the required resolution in the fs regime. The use of a radiative process such as coherent Smith-Purcell radiation (SPR), is particularly promising with this respect. In this technique the beam is made to radiate a small amount of electromagnetic radiation and the temporal profile is reconstructed from the measured spectral distribution of the radiation. We summarise the advantages of SPR and present the design parameters and preliminary results of the experiments at the FACET facility at SLAC. We also discuss a new approach to the problem of the recovery of the 'missing phase', which is essential for the accurate reconstruction of the temporal bunch profile.

  4. The kinematical AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} Neumann coefficient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajnok, Zoltan [MTA Lendület Holographic QFT Group, Wigner Research Centre,P.O.B. 49, Budapest 114, H-1525 (Hungary); Janik, Romuald A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University,ul. Łojasiewicza 11, Kraków, 30-348 (Poland)

    2016-02-22

    For the case of two particles a solution of the string field theory vertex axioms can be factorized into a standard form factor and a kinematical piece which includes the dependence on the size of the third string. In this paper we construct an exact solution of the kinematical axioms for AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} which includes all order wrapping corrections w.r.t. the size of the third string. This solution is expressed in terms of elliptic Gamma functions and ordinary elliptic functions. The solution is valid at any coupling and we analyze its weak coupling, pp-wave and large L limit.

  5. Ternary gallides RE{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5}, RE{sub 5}Rh{sub 12}Ga{sub 7} and RE{sub 7}Rh{sub 18}Ga{sub 11} (RE=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb). Intergrowth structures with MgCu{sub 2} and CaCu{sub 5} related slabs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seidel, Stefan; Rodewald, Ute C.; Poettgen, Rainer [Univ. Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie; Janka, Oliver [Univ. Oldenburg (Germany). Inst. fuer Chemie

    2017-07-01

    Fourteen ternary gallides RE{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5}, RE{sub 5}Rh{sub 12}Ga{sub 7} and RE{sub 7}Rh{sub 18}Ga{sub 11} (RE=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb) were synthesized from the elements by arc-melting, followed by different annealing sequences either in muffle or induction furnaces. The samples were characterized through Guinier powder patterns and the crystal structures of Ce{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5}, Ce{sub 5}Rh{sub 12}Ga{sub 7}, Ce{sub 7}Rh{sub 18}Ga{sub 11}, Nd{sub 5}Rh{sub 10.44(4)}Ga{sub 8.56(4)}, Nd{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5} and Gd{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5} were refined from single crystal X-ray diffractometer data. The new gallides are the n=2, 3 and 5 members of the RE{sub 2+n} Rh{sub 3+3n} Ga{sub 1+2n} structure series in the Parthe intergrowth concept. The slabs of these intergrowth structures derive from the cubic Laves phase MgCu{sub 2} (Mg{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}Si as ternary variant) and CaCu{sub 5} (CeCo{sub 3}B{sub 2} as ternary variant). Only the Nd{sub 5}Rh{sub 10.44(4)}Ga{sub 8.56(4)} crystal shows Rh/Ga mixing within the Laves type slabs. Magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal Pauli paramagnetism for Y{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5} and Curie-Weiss paramagnetism for Gd{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5} and Tb{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5}. Low-temperature data show ferromagnetic ordering at T{sub C}=78.1 (Gd{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5}) and 55.8 K (Tb{sub 4}Rh{sub 9}Ga{sub 5}).

  6. Evidence of oxygen content heterogeneity in TSMTG YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}}/Y{sub 2}BaCuO{sub 5} composites by micro-Raman spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delorme, F. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, UMR CNRS 6508, ISMRA, Boulevard du Marechal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex (France)], E-mail: f.delorme@brgm.fr; Bardeau, J.-F. [Laboratoire de Physique de l' Etat Condense, Faculte des Sciences, Universite du Maine, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 09 (France); Harnois, C. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, UMR CNRS 6508, ISMRA, Boulevard du Marechal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex (France); Monot-Laffez, I. [Laboratoire LEMA, CNRS FRE-2077- CEA-LRC M01 - IUT de Blois, 3 Place Jean Jaures, CS2903, 41029 Blois (France)

    2008-03-01

    The homogeneity of the oxygen content of TSMTG-YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}}/Y{sub 2}BaCuO{sub 5} composites has been investigated by micro-Raman spectrometry. The Y123 compound has been found to be very sensitive to the laser power, but a laser power of 0.04 mW has been shown to not to be harmful for the samples, even after 2 h of irradiation. Raman spectra have shown that the oxygen content of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}}/Y{sub 2}BaCuO{sub 5} ceramics is not homogeneous at the micrometer scale. In addition, no monotonic decrease of the oxygen content is observed from the periphery to the core of the sample, confirming that the oxygen uptake is not strictly controlled by a diffusion process.

  7. MarFS-Requirements-Design-Configuration-Admin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kettering, Brett Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Grider, Gary Alan [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-07-08

    This document will be organized into sections that are defined by the requirements for a file system that presents a near-POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) interface to the user, but whose data is stored in whatever form is most efficient for the type of data being stored. After defining the requirement the design for meeting the requirement will be explained. Finally there will be sections on configuring and administering this file system. More and more, data dominates the computing world. There is a “sea” of data out there in many different formats that needs to be managed and used. “Mar” means “sea” in Spanish. Thus, this product is dubbed MarFS, a file system for a sea of data.

  8. Dimorphism in La{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} and Ce{sub 5}Ge{sub 3}? How exploratory syntheses led to surprising new finds in the La-Ge and Ce-Ge binary phase diagrams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suen, Nian-Tzu; Bobev, Svilen [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)

    2014-04-15

    Reported are the synthesis, the crystal structures, and the electronic structures of two new tetragonal phases, La{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} and Ce{sub 5}Ge{sub 3}. Both title compounds crystallize in the Pu{sub 5}Rh{sub 3} (P4/ncc) structure type, which has close structural relationship with the W{sub 5}Si{sub 3} (I4/mcm) structure type. The synthetic results, supported by thermal analysis suggest that this tetragonal phase is only stable at relatively low temperature and it transforms to the hexagonal form (Mn{sub 5}Si{sub 3} structure type, P6{sub 3}/mcm) at above 850 C. The structural relationship between La{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} (Pu{sub 5}Rh{sub 3} type) and La{sub 5}Sn{sub 3} (W{sub 5}Si{sub 3} type) is discussed as well. Temperature dependent DC magnetization and resistivity measurements indicate that the tetragonal phase La{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} exhibits Pauli-like paramagnetism and is a good metallic conductor. For the tetragonal phase Ce{sub 5}Ge{sub 3}, the magnetic behavior obeys the Curie-Weiss law in the high-temperature regime, while it deviates from the Curie-Weiss law at low temperature. No long-range magnetic ordering was observed down to 5 K, although short-range correlations can be inferred below ca. 50 K. The resistivity measurements of Ce{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} also show metallic-like temperature dependence, although the low-temperature behavior resembling a T{sup 2} law could signify anomalous electron-scattering (e.g., Kondo-like effect). The electronic structures of multiple phases with the same nominal compositions, computed by the TB-LMTO-ASA method, are compared and discussed. (Copyright copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. Pressure Monitoring Using Hybrid fs/ps Rotational CARS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, Sean P.; Danehy, Paul M.

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the feasibility of gas-phase pressure measurements at kHz-rates using fs/ps rotational CARS. Femtosecond pump and Stokes pulses impulsively prepare a rotational Raman coherence, which is then probed by a high-energy 6-ps pulse introduced at a time delay from the Raman preparation. Rotational CARS spectra were recorded in N2 contained in a room-temperature gas cell for pressures from 0.1 to 3 atm and probe delays ranging from 10-330 ps. Using published self-broadened collisional linewidth data for N2, both the spectrally integrated coherence decay rate and the spectrally resolved decay were investigated as means for detecting pressure. Shot-averaged and single-laser-shot spectra were interrogated for pressure and the accuracy and precision as a function of probe delay and cell pressure are discussed. Single-shot measurement accuracies were within 0.1 to 6.5% when compared to a transducer values, while the precision was generally between 1% and 6% of measured pressure for probe delays of 200 ps or more, and better than 2% as the delay approached 300 ps. A byproduct of the pressure measurement is an independent but simultaneous measurement of the gas temperature.

  10. Insights on the origin of the Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} magnetocaloric effect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belo, J.H.; Barbosa, M.B. [IFIMUP and IN-Institue of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Física da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre. 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Pires, A.L. [CFNUL - Centro de Física Nuclear da Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 2, 1649-003 Lisboa (Portugal); Costa, R.M.; Teixeira, J.G.V.; Silva, J. [IFIMUP and IN-Institue of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Física da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre. 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Algarabel, P.A. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, Universidad de Zaragoza and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamente de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Magen, C. [Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragón-ARAID, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Departamente de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Morellon, L. [Departamente de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Amaral, J.S. [IFIMUP and IN-Institue of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Física da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre. 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); CICECO, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); and others

    2017-05-15

    In this report the magnetic, atomic structures and spin-lattice coupling have been thoroughly studied through high magnetic field magnetometry, Synchrotron X-ray diffraction under applied magnetic field and magnetostriction measurements in the Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} compounds. A field induced phase transition from an antiferromagnetic towards a ferromagnetic ordering was confirmed but with absence of structural transformation. This absence has been confirmed experimentally through synchrotron x-ray diffraction under applied field (up to 30 T). Moreover, this absence was explained via a thermodynamic free energy model: first principles calculations determined a large energy gap (ΔE=0.65 eV) between the two possible structures, O(I) and O(II). From magnetic and structural properties, a H-T phase diagram has been proposed for Tb{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}. Finally it was observed a large magnetostriction (up to 600 ppm) induced by ∆H=7 T.

  11. Passivation behavior of AB{sub 5}-type hydrogen storage alloys for battery electrode application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meli, F. [Fribourg Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. de Physique; Sakai, T. [Fribourg Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. de Physique; Zuettel, A. [Fribourg Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. de Physique; Schlapbach, L. [Fribourg Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. de Physique

    1995-04-15

    In many applications, AB{sub 5} type hydrogen storage alloys show passivation behavior, i.e. when fully discharged, metal hydride electrodes show (especially at higher temperatures) a decrease in activity and therefore a decrease in capacity at normal discharge currents for ensuing cycles. Passivation may continue to the point where activity becomes so low that the capacity is no longer accessible. Electrochemical measurements were taken of two different AB{sub 5}-type alloys, one with manganese and one without manganese (LaNi{sub 3.4}Co{sub 1.2}Al{sub 0.4} and LaNi{sub 3.4}Co{sub 1.2}Al{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 0.1}). Both alloys showed passivation behavior after remaining in the discharged state. The alloy with manganese showed a stronger tendency to passivation which is in contradiction with earlier observations. Photoelectron spectroscopic analysis together with sputter depth profiling was used to investigate the surface composition of samples which had undergone different surface pretreatments. Surface analysis of electrodes in the passivated state shows a lower content of metallic nickel and a thicker nickel surface oxide film. We attribute the low electrochemical kinetics of the alloys after passivation to the loss of metallic nickel and/or cobalt at the electrode-electrolyte interface. ((orig.))

  12. Dynamic SIMS utilizing SF{sub 5}{sup +} polyatomic primary ion beams for drug delivery applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahoney, Christine M.; Roberson, Sonya; Gillen, Greg

    2004-06-15

    The behavior of various biodegradable polymer films (e.g. polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid and polycaprolactone) as well as some model drugs (theophylline and 4-acetamidophenol) under dynamic SF{sub 5}{sup +} primary ion bombardment is explored. A series of polylactic acid films containing varying concentrations of 4-acetamidophenol are also analyzed under similar conditions. The resultant molecular depth profiles obtained from these polymer films doped with drug show very little degradation in molecular signal as a function of SF{sub 5}{sup +} primary ion dose, and it was found that the molecular ion signals of both polymer and drug remained constant for ion doses up to {approx}5x10{sup 15} ions/cm{sup 2}. In addition, the polymer film/Si interface was well defined which may imply that sputter-induced topography formation was not a significant limitation. These results suggest that the structure of the biodegradable polymers studied here which all have the common main chain structural unit, R-CO-O-R, allows for a greater ability to depth profile due to ease of bond cleavage. Most importantly, however, these results indicate that in these particular polymer systems, the distribution of the drug as a function of depth can be monitored.

  13. Root colonization and growth promotion of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by phosphate solubilizing Enterobacter sp. Fs-11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahid, Muhammad; Hameed, Sohail; Imran, Asma; Ali, Saira; van Elsas, Jan Dirk

    2012-08-01

    An Enterobacter sp. Fs-11 was isolated from sunflower rhizosphere, identified on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis (GeneBank accession no. GQ179978) and studied for its root colonization and growth promotion ability in sunflower. Morphologically, it was rod shaped Gram-negative, motile bacterium, producing 4.5 μg mL(-1) indole acetic acid in tryptophan-supplemented medium. It utilized 27 out of 95 substrates in BIOLOG GN2 micro plate system. It was able to convert insoluble tri-calcium phosphate to soluble phosphorus up to 43.5 μg mL(-1) with decrease in pH of the medium up to 4.5 after 10 days incubation at 28 ± 2 °C in the Pikovskaya's broth. High performance liquid chromatography of cell free supernatant showed that Fs-11 produced malic acid and gluconic acid (2.43 and 16.64 μg mL(-1), respectively) in Pikovskaya's broth. Analysis of 900 bp fragment of pyrroloquinoline quinine pqqE gene sequence showed 98 % homology with that of E. cloacae pqqE gene. Confocal laser scanning microscope revealed strong colonization of fluorescently labeled Fs-11 with sunflower roots. Sunflower inoculation with Fs-11 and its rifampicin resistant derivative in sterile sand and natural soil showed that Fs-11 colonized sunflower roots up to 30 days after transplanting in both sterile sand as well as natural soil. Moreover, Fs-11 inoculation resulted in increased plant height, fresh weight, dry weight and total phosphorus contents as compared to un-inoculated plants. The data showed that Enterobacter sp. Fs-11 is an efficient phosphate solubilizing and plant growth promoting rhizobacterium and has great potential to be used as bio-inoculant for sunflower under phosphorus deficient conditions.

  14. Proton glass behaviour in a solid solution of gamma-irradiated deuterated betaine phosphate sub 0 sub . sub 1 sub 5 betaine phosphite sub 0 sub . sub 8 sub 5

    CERN Document Server

    Banys, J; Klimm, C; Voelkel, G; Kloepperpieper, A

    1997-01-01

    Measurements of the dielectric permittivity are reported for a deuterated solid solution of gamma-irradiated antiferroelectric (betainephosphate) sub 0 sub . sub 1 sub 5 ferroelectric (betainephosphite) sub 0 sub . sub 8 sub 5 at frequencies 20 H sub Z sub 5 DBPI sub 0 sub . sub 8 sub 5 revealed the characteristics of a transition into a dipolar glass state. The activation energy was found to be E sub b = 311.6 K (0.027 eV). The Kutnjak model showed a non-typical glass behaviour with an estimated glass temperature of 55.4 K. (author). Letter-to-the-editor

  15. Comparing the dynamic and thermodynamic behaviors of Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}-La{sub 5}/(La{sub 0.5}Ce{sub 0.5}){sub 5} amorphous alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, G.H. [Key Laboratory of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Materials, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China); Wang, W.M. [Key Laboratory of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Materials, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)], E-mail: weiminw@sdu.edu.cn; Bian, X.F.; Zhang, J.T.; Li, R.; Wang, L. [Key Laboratory of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Materials, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

    2009-06-10

    The dynamic viscosities and thermodynamic dilatometric behaviors of Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}La{sub 5} and Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}(La{sub 0.5}Ce{sub 0.5}){sub 5} amorphous alloys were investigated using viscometer, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and conventional dilatometer. Comparing with Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}La{sub 5} alloy, Al{sub 86}Ni{sub 9}(La{sub 0.5}Ce{sub 0.5}){sub 5} alloy exhibits a larger viscosity and a larger average thermal expansion coefficient in the linear expansion zone ({alpha}{sub exp}). The viscosity and thermal expansion data suggest that the partial substitution La by Ce decreases the quantity of free volume in Al-Ni-La system by improving the continuous degree of atomic size, which leads to the improvement of glass forming ability.

  16. EST Table: FS920530 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS920530 E_FL_fufe_50K23_F_0 11/12/09 GO hit GO:0047800(cysteamine dioxygenase acti...090992|ref|XP_974899.1| PREDICTED: similar to 2-aminoethanethiol (cysteamine) dioxygenase [Tribolium castaneum] FS920530 fufe ...

  17. EST Table: FS764450 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS764450 E_FL_fcaL_36N15_F_0 10/09/28 42 %/214 aa ref|XP_001945612.1| PREDICTED: similar to glucocerebro...608.1| PREDICTED: similar to putative lysosomal glucocerebrosidase [Tribolium castaneum] FS759318 fcaL ...

  18. EST Table: FS885453 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS885453 E_FL_ftes_33C19_F_0 10/09/28 97 %/223 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-relat...a gnl|Amel|GB16561-PA 10/09/10 40 %/239 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS791050 ftes ...

  19. EST Table: FS893327 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS893327 E_FL_ftes_11B24_R_0 10/09/28 87 %/134 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-relat...mology 10/09/10 35 %/119 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS895586 ftes ...

  20. EST Table: FS798702 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS798702 E_FL_ffbm_28C11_F_0 10/09/28 89 %/278 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-relat...a gnl|Amel|GB16561-PA 10/09/10 52 %/117 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS791050 ffbm ...

  1. EST Table: FS795138 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS795138 E_FL_ffbm_17H02_F_0 10/09/28 92 %/267 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-relat...a gnl|Amel|GB16561-PA 10/09/10 55 %/106 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS791050 ffbm ...

  2. EST Table: FS732173 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS732173 E_FL_bmmt_25M21_F_0 10/09/28 70 %/116 aa ref|XP_002425199.1| conserved hyp...0 70 %/116 aa gi|91092740|ref|XP_973214.1| PREDICTED: similar to family with sequence similarity 108, member B1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS796084 bmmt ...

  3. Magnetic and structural properties of ferromagnetic Fe{sub 5}PB{sub 2} and Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} and effects of Co and Mn substitutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGuire, Michael A., E-mail: McGuireMA@ornl.gov; Parker, David S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2015-10-28

    Crystallographic and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 5}PB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 4}CoPB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 4}MnPB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}, Fe{sub 4}CoSiB{sub 2}, and Fe{sub 4}MnSiB{sub 2} are reported. All adopt the tetragonal Cr{sub 5}B{sub 3} structure-type and are ferromagnetic at room temperature with easy axis of magnetization along the c-axis. The spin reorientation in Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} is observed as an anomaly in the magnetization near 170 K and is suppressed by substitution of Co or Mn for Fe. The silicides are found to generally have larger magnetic moments than the phosphides, but the data suggest smaller magnetic anisotropy in the silicides. Cobalt substitution reduces the Curie temperatures by more than 100 K and ordered magnetic moments by 16%–20%, while manganese substitution has a much smaller effect. This suggests Mn moments align ferromagnetically with the Fe and that Co does not have an ordered moment in these structures. Anisotropic thermal expansion is observed in Fe{sub 5}PB{sub 2} and Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}, with negative thermal expansion seen along the c-axis of Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2}. First principles calculations of the magnetic properties of Fe{sub 5}SiB{sub 2} and Fe{sub 4}MnSiB{sub 2} are reported. The results, including the magnetic moment and anisotropy, are in good agreement with experiment.

  4. Influence of structural disorder on the optical and transport properties of Co sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 Ti sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 alloy films

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, K W; Rhee, J Y; Kudryavtsev, Y V; Ri, H C

    2000-01-01

    Co sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 Ti sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 alloy films with a total thickness of about 100 nm were prepared by flash evaporation of the crushed alloy powders onto heated (730 K for the ordered state) and LN sub 2 -cooled (150 K for the disordered state) substrates. Structural analysis of the films was performed by suing transmission electron microscopy. The optical conductivity (OC) of the samples was measured at room temperature in a spectral range of 265 -2500 nm (4.7 - 0.5 eV). The resistivity measurements were carried out by using the four-probe technique in a temperature range of 4.2 - 300 K. The experimental OC spectra for the Co sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 Ti sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 alloys show the most significant change in the infrared region upon the order-disorder transformation. The structural disorder in the Co sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 Ti sub 0 sub . sub 5 sub 0 alloy film leads to a change in the sign of the temperature coefficient of the resistivity from positive to negative. The observed...

  5. Reproducibility of flap thickness with IntraLase FS and Moria LSK-1 and M2 microkeratomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talamo, Jonathan H; Meltzer, Jeremy; Gardner, John

    2006-06-01

    To compare flap thickness reproducibility of the femtosecond laser and two mechanical microkeratomes. Flap thickness for all eyes was measured as the difference between the preoperative (day of surgery) full corneal thickness and post-flap creation central stromal bed thickness using ultrasonic pachymetry. Flap thickness values produced by three different microkeratome systems were compared for accuracy and reproducibility. For 99 flaps created using the IntraLase FS laser with an intended thickness of 110 microm, the mean achieved thickness was 119 +/- 12 microm (range: 82 to 149 microm). In 100 eyes treated with the Moria LSK-1 microkeratome with an intended flap thickness of 160 microm, the mean achieved thickness was 130 +/- 19 microm (range: 71 to 186 microm). In 135 eyes treated with the Moria M2 microkeratome with an intended flap thickness of 130 microm, mean thickness was 142 +/- 24 microm (range: 84 to 203 microm). The standard deviation and range of corneal flap thickness created with the IntraLase FS laser was significantly smaller than either mechanical microkeratome (P < .0001). When compared to two commonly used mechanical microkeratomes, mean achieved flap thickness was more reproducible with the IntraLase FS laser, reducing the comparative risk of overly thick flaps.

  6. Vibronic coupling in asymmetric bichromophores: Experimental investigation of diphenylmethane-d{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pillsbury, Nathan R.; Kidwell, Nathanael M.; Nebgen, Benjamin; Slipchenko, Lyudmila V.; Zwier, Timothy S., E-mail: david.plusquellic@nist.gov, E-mail: zwier@purdue.edu [Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2084 (United States); Douglass, Kevin O.; Plusquellic, David F., E-mail: david.plusquellic@nist.gov, E-mail: zwier@purdue.edu [Quantum Electronics and Photonics Division, Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305-3328 (United States); Cable, John R. [Department of Chemistry and Center for Photochemical Sciences, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403-0213 (United States)

    2014-08-14

    Vibrationally and rotationally resolved electronic spectra of diphenylmethane-d{sub 5} (DPM-d{sub 5}) are reported in the isolated-molecule environment of a supersonic expansion. While small, the asymmetry induced by deuteration of one of the aromatic rings is sufficient to cause several important effects that change the principle mechanism of vibronic coupling between the close-lying S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} states, and spectroscopic signatures such coupling produces. The splitting between S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} origins is 186 cm{sup −1}, about 50% greater than its value in DPM-d{sub 0} (123 cm{sup −1}), and an amount sufficient to bring the S{sub 2} zero-point level into near-resonance with the v = 1 level in the S{sub 1} state of a low-frequency phenyl flapping mode, ν{sub R} = 191 cm{sup −1}. Dispersed fluorescence spectra bear clear evidence that Δv(R) = 1 Herzberg-Teller coupling dominates the near-resonant internal mixing between the S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} manifolds. The fluorescence into each pair of Franck-Condon active ring modes shows an asymmetry that suggests incorrectly that the S{sub 1} and S{sub 2} states may be electronically localized. From rotationally resolved studies, the S{sub 0} and S{sub 1} states have been well-fit to asymmetric rotor Hamiltonians while the S{sub 2} state is perturbed and not fit. The transition dipole moment (TDM) orientation of the S{sub 1} state is nearly perpendicular to the C{sub 2} symmetry axes with 66(2)%:3(1)%:34(2)% a:b:c hybrid-type character while that of the S{sub 2} origin contains 50(10)% a:c-type (S{sub 1}) and 50(10)% b-type (S{sub 2}) character. A model is put forward that explains qualitatively the TDM compositions and dispersed emission patterns without the need to invoke electronic localization. The experimental data discussed here serve as a foundation for a multi-mode vibronic coupling model capable of being applied to asymmetric bichromophores, as presented in the work of B. Nebgen and L. V

  7. Nielsen: Aladdin-Suite, FS89. Maskarade-Overture / Robert Layton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Layton, Robert

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Nielsen: Aladdin-Suite, FS89. Maskarade-Overture, Prelude, Act 2. The Cockerels' Dance. Rhapsody Overture: An imaginary journey to the Faroe Islands, FS123. Helios Overture, FS32. Saga-Drom, FS46. Pan and Syrinx, FS87. Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi" DG 447 757-2GH (72 minutes: DDD)

  8. Determination of trapping parameters of dosimetric thermoluminescent glow peak of lithium triborate (LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5}) activated by aluminum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kafadar, V. Emir [University of Gaziantep, Department of Engineering Physics, 27310 Gaziantep (Turkey); Yazici, A. Necmeddin, E-mail: yazici@gantep.edu.t [University of Gaziantep, Department of Engineering Physics, 27310 Gaziantep (Turkey); Yildirim, R. Gueler [University of Gaziantep, Department of Engineering Physics, 27310 Gaziantep (Turkey)

    2009-07-15

    Lithium triborate (LBO) is a newly developed ideal nonlinear optical (NLO) crystal used in laser weapon, welder, radar, tracker, surgery, communication, etc. The effective atomic number (Z{sub eff}=7.3) makes it a tissue equivalent material and this encourages studies on its thermoluminescence (TL) properties for a radiation dosimetry. The previous studies have shown that Al-doped LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5} is a promising thermoluminescent dosimetric (TLD) material for dosimetric purposes and continuous and systematic investigations to improve its quality to get ones suited for dosimeter applications are worthy. In the given study, the additive dose (AD), initial rise with partial cleaning (IR), variable heating rate (VHR), peak shape (PS), three-points method (TPM) and computerized glow deconvolution (CGCD) methods were used to determine the kinetic parameters, namely the order of kinetics (b), activation energy (E{sub a}) and the frequency factor (s) associated with the dosimetric thermoluminescent glow peak (P3) of Al-doped LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5} after different dose levels with beta-irradiation.

  9. Reactions UF{sub 4} - ClF, UF{sub 4} - ClF{sub 3}, UF{sub 5} - ClF, UF{sub 5} - ClF{sub 3}; Reactions UF{sub 4} - ClF, UF{sub 4} - ClF{sub 3}, UF{sub 5} - ClF, UF{sub 5} - ClF{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luce, M; Benoit, R; Hartmanshenn, O [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-07-01

    The reaction between ClF{sub 3} and UF{sub 4} is partially explained by the study of the reactions of the three systems: UF{sub 4}-ClF, UF{sub 5}-ClF and UF{sub 5}-ClF{sub 3}. The analytical techniques used are: the micro-sublimation, the infra-red spectroscopy and the thermogravimetry. The origin of the by-products is indicated. (authors) [French] La reaction entre ClF{sub 3} et UF{sub 4} est partiellement expliquee grace a l'etude des reactions des trois systemes UF{sub 4}-ClF, UF{sub 5}-ClF et UF{sub 5}-ClF{sub 3}. Les techniques analytiques utilisees sont: la micro-sublimation, la spectroscopie infrarouge et la thermogravimetrie. L'origine des sous-produits est indiquee. (auteurs)

  10. Pressure effects on crystal structures and magnetic properties of RCo{sub 5} (R = Y or Gd) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burzo, E. [Faculty of Physics, Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca 400084 (Romania); Vlaic, P. [Faculty of Physics, Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca 400084 Romania and University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iuliu Hatieganu, Physics and Biophysics Department Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13

    The pressure dependences of crystal structures and magnetic properties of YCo{sub 5} and GdCo{sub 5} compounds are analysed based on band structure calculations. Isomorphic transitions were evidenced for relative volumes v/v{sub 0} = 0.91 and 0.86, for YCo{sub 5} and GdCo{sub 5}, respectively. At the transition, there is a higher decrease of cobalt moments at 3g sites as compared to those located in 2c ones. The induced polarizations on Y4d and Gd5d bands, by short range interactions, are linearly dependent on the magnetizations of cobalt atoms situated in their neighborhood. The isomorphic transitions are analysed in correlations with band structures.

  11. Highly Sensitive Bulk Silicon Chemical Sensors with Sub-5 nm Thin Charge Inversion Layers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahad, Hossain M; Gupta, Niharika; Han, Rui; Desai, Sujay B; Javey, Ali

    2018-03-27

    There is an increasing demand for mass-producible, low-power gas sensors in a wide variety of industrial and consumer applications. Here, we report chemical-sensitive field-effect-transistors (CS-FETs) based on bulk silicon wafers, wherein an electrostatically confined sub-5 nm thin charge inversion layer is modulated by chemical exposure to achieve a high-sensitivity gas-sensing platform. Using hydrogen sensing as a "litmus" test, we demonstrate large sensor responses (>1000%) to 0.5% H 2 gas, with fast response (<60 s) and recovery times (<120 s) at room temperature and low power (<50 μW). On the basis of these performance metrics as well as standardized benchmarking, we show that bulk silicon CS-FETs offer similar or better sensing performance compared to emerging nanostructures semiconductors while providing a highly scalable and manufacturable platform.

  12. Thermal and galvanomagnetic properties of monocrystals CuInGa{sub 2}Te{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abilov, Ch. I., E-mail: cabilov@yahoo.com; Hasanova, M. Sh., E-mail: mhsh28@mail.ru; Huseynova, N. T. [Azerbaijan Technical University, Baku (Azerbaijan); Zeynalov, S. A. [Azerbaijan Institute of Teachers, Baku (Azerbaijan)

    2016-03-25

    By the methods of the physic-chemical analysis, determination of density and by measurement of micro hardness the character of chemical interaction in the In{sub 2}Te{sub 3}-Cu{sub 2}Ga{sub 4}Te{sub 7} system has been investigated and its faze diagram has been plotted. It is established that the system is quasibinary, of eutectic type. In the system the chemical combination of CuGa{sub 2}InTe{sub 5} composition melting congruently at 855°C is generated. There have been revealed solid solutions boundary of which based on In{sub 2}Te{sub 3} reach 5mol% at room temperatures. Temperature dependences of electric conductivity, the coefficient of thermo-emf, general heat conductivity, the Hall mobility of charge carriers.The mechanisms of electron-phonon diffusion in crystals of its compound have been revealed.

  13. Yb valence state in Yb{sub 5}Rh{sub 4}Ge{sub 10}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Hitoshi; Arita, Masashi; Shimada, Kenya; Namatame, Hirofumi; Taniguchi, Masaki [Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima (Japan); Utsumi, Yuki [Synchrotron SOLEIL, L' Orme des Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Katoh, Kenichi [Department of Applied Physics, National Defense Academy, Yokosuka (Japan); Mimura, Kojiro [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai (Japan); Ueda, Shigenori [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, Hyogo (Japan); Quantum Beam Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba (Japan); Yamaoka, Hitoshi [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan); Rousuli, Awabaikeli [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima (Japan); Umeo, Kazunori [NBARD, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima (Japan)

    2017-06-15

    Temperature- and pressure-dependent Yb valence state in Yb{sub 5}Rh{sub 4}Ge{sub 10} has been investigated by means of Yb 3d hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HAXPES) and Yb L{sub 3} absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The mean Yb valence derived from the Yb 3d HAXPES is estimated to be ∝2.78 at 300 K and decreases to ∝2.74 at 20 K. On the other hand, the Yb valence deduced from the Yb L{sub 3} XAS at 300 K is almost constant with ∝2.81 in the pressure range between 9.2 and 34.7 GPa. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. A 1D coordination polymer of UF{sub 5} with HCN as a ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheibe, Benjamin; Rudel, Stefan S.; Buchner, Magnus R.; Kraus, Florian [Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universitaet Marburg (Germany); Karttunen, Antti J. [Department of Chemistry, Aalto University (Finland)

    2017-01-05

    β-Uranium(V) fluoride was reacted with liquid anhydrous hydrogen cyanide to obtain a 1D coordination polymer with the composition {sup 1}{sub ∞}[UF{sub 5}(HCN){sub 2}], {sup 1}{sub ∞}[UF{sub 4/1}F{sub 2/2}-(HCN){sub 2/1}], revealed by single-crystal X-ray structure determination. The reaction system was furthermore studied by means of vibrational and NMR spectroscopy, as well as by quantum chemical calculations. The compound presents the first described polymeric HCN Lewis adduct and the first HCN adduct of a uranium fluoride. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. Scanning tunneling microscopy study of a newly proposed topological insulator ZrTe{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhn, Timo; Gragnaniello, Luca; Fonin, Mikhail [Universitaet Konstanz (Germany); Autes, Gabriel; Berger, Helmuth; Yazyev, Oleg [Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland); Manzoni, Giulia [Universita degli Studi di Trieste (Italy); Crepaldi, Alberto; Parmigiani, Fulvio [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Trieste (Italy)

    2016-07-01

    Topological insulators belong to a new kind of material class that posses robust gapless states inside the insulating bulk gap, which makes them promising candidates for achieving dissipationless transport devices. We present a Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) study on a layered material ZrTe{sub 5}, a promising candidate for a new topological insulator. The crystal structure could clearly be identified in topography images. STM measurements enabled direct imaging of standing waves at steps and defects. The standing waves show a clearly dispersive character. Furthermore STS measurements are in good agreement with density functional theory calculations and reveal Landau quantization with applied magnetic field. Comparison with data obtained by angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy allows for detailed insights into the electronic properties of this material.

  16. Resurgence of the dressing phase for AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arutyunov, Gleb [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Zentrum für Mathematische Physik, Universität Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, 20146 Hamburg (Germany); Dorigoni, Daniele [Centre for Particle Theory & Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, Lower Mountjoy Stockton Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Savin, Sergei [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Zentrum für Mathematische Physik, Universität Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, 20146 Hamburg (Germany)

    2017-01-13

    We discuss the resummation of the strong coupling asymptotic expansion of the dressing phase of the AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} superstring. The dressing phase proposed by Beisert, Eden and Staudacher can be recovered from a modified Borel-Ecalle resummation of this asymptotic expansion only by completing it with new, non-perturbative and exponentially suppressed terms that can be organized into different sectors labelled by an instanton-like number. We compute the contribution to the dressing phase coming from the sum over all the instanton sectors and show that it satisfies the homogeneous crossing symmetry equation. We comment on the semiclassical origin of the non-perturbative terms from the world-sheet theory point of view even though their precise explanation remains still quite mysterious.

  17. Compact laser-diode-based femtosecond sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brown, C T A; Cataluna, M A; Lagatsky, A A; Rafailov, E U; Agate, M B; Leburn, C G; Sibbett, W

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the development of compact femtosecond laser systems that are capable of being directly pumped by laser diodes or are based directly on laser diodes. The paper demonstrates the latest results in a highly efficient vibronic based gain medium and a diode-pumped Yb:KYW laser is reported that has a wall plug efficiency >14%. A Cr 4+ :YAG oscillator is described that generates transform-limited pulses of 81 fs duration at a pulse repetition frequency of >4 GHz. The development of Cr 3+ :LiSAF lasers that can be operated using power supplies based on batteries is briefly discussed. We also present a summary of work being carried out on the generation of fs-pulses from laser diodes and discuss the important issues in this area. Finally, we outline results obtained on the generation of pulses as short as 550 fs directly from a two-section quantum dot laser without any external pulse compression

  18. Up-conversion routines of Er{sup 3+}–Yb{sup 3+} doped Y{sub 6}O{sub 5}F{sub 8} and YOF phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sangmoon, E-mail: spark@silla.ac.kr [Center for Green Fusion Technology and Department of Engineering in Energy & Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Wonseok; Park, Chu-Young; Noh, Minhee; Choi, Seulki [Center for Green Fusion Technology and Department of Engineering in Energy & Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Dahye; Jang, Ho Seong; Cho, So-Hye [Center for Materials Architecturing, Institute of Multidisciplinary Convergence of Materials, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-11-15

    Highlights: • Single-phase optical materials of Y{sub 6}O{sub 5}F{sub 8}:Er and YOF:Er were prepared. • Effective spectral converting properties were observed in Y{sub 6}O{sub 5}F{sub 8}:Er,Yb. • 980 nm diode laser was irradiated for up-converting analysis. • A multi-photon process in the phosphors was investigated. - Abstract: Optical materials composed of a Y{sub 6(1−p−q)}Er{sub 6p}Yb{sub 6q}O{sub 5}F{sub 8} (p = 0.001–0.1, q = 0.005–0.1) solid solution with Y{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}OF were prepared via a solid-state reaction using excess NH{sub 4}F flux at 950 °C for 30 min. X-ray diffraction patterns of Y{sub 6(1−p−q)}Er{sub 6p}Yb{sub 6q}O{sub 5}F{sub 8} and Y{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}OF were compared upon altering the synthesis temperature and the molar ratio of the NH{sub 4}F flux to the Y{sup 3+} (Er{sup 3+}, Yb{sup 3+}) ions. The effective spectral-conversion properties of Er{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+}–Yb{sup 3+} ions in Y{sub 6}O{sub 5}F{sub 8} phosphors were monitored during excitation with a 980 nm wavelength diode-laser. Selection of appropriate Er{sup 3+} and/or Yb{sup 3+} concentrations in the Y{sub 6}O{sub 5}F{sub 8} structure led to achievement of the desired up-conversion emission, from the green to the red regions of the spectra. Furthermore, the mechanism of up-conversion in the phosphors was described by an energy-level schematic. Up-conversion emission spectra and the dependence of the emission intensity on pump power (between 193 and 310 mW) in the Y{sub 6(0.995−q)}Er{sub 0.03}Yb{sub 6q}O{sub 5}F{sub 8} phosphors were also investigated.

  19. Radiometric control for P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in Polpinsky are deposit phosphorites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belyakov, M A; Berenshtein, M L; Startsev, V K; Akindinov, V A

    1977-01-01

    Results are cited of laboratory research into the possibility of radiometric determination of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ in phosphorites of Polpinsky deposit. On the basis of the studies performed, a plant and methods have been developed for the continuous control of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in ore. The plant has been tested at the Bryansk phosphorite works. The accuracy of analysis is 0.8 percent.

  20. Nanoscale morphology of Ni{sub 50}Ti{sub 45}Cu{sub 5} nanoglass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Śniadecki, Z., E-mail: sniadecki@ifmpan.poznan.pl [Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznań (Poland); Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Wang, D. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Ivanisenko, Yu. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Chakravadhanula, V.S.K. [Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Helmholtz Institute Ulm, Helmholtzstraße 11, 89081, Ulm (Germany); Joint Research Laboratory Nanomaterials (KIT-TUD), Institute of Materials Science, TU Darmstadt, Jovanka-Bontschits-Str. 2, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Kübel, C. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Hahn, H. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Joint Research Laboratory Nanomaterials (KIT-TUD), Institute of Materials Science, TU Darmstadt, Jovanka-Bontschits-Str. 2, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Herbert Gleiter Institute of Nanoscience, Building 340, Nanjing, Jiangsu 2 10094 (China); and others

    2016-03-15

    Nanoglasses are noncrystalline solids with a granular nano-/microstructure. In contrast to their nanocrystalline analogs, typically constituted of grains and grain boundaries, nanoglasses consist of glassy regions with a structure corresponding to melt-quenched glasses and amorphous interfaces characterized by a reduced density. Their unique properties can be controlled by modifying size and chemical composition of the granular and interfacial regions. Ni{sub 50}Ti{sub 45}Cu{sub 5} amorphous films were obtained by magnetron sputtering and analyzed to determine their nanoscale morphology and the formation mechanisms. The nanoglasses were noted to have a hierarchical nano-columnar structure with the smallest Ni-rich (Ni:Ti ratio of ca. 5:3) amorphous columns with diameters of about 8 nm and Ti-rich glassy interfacial regions with a substantially lower density. The results were obtained utilizing X-ray diffraction and different microscopic methods, e.g., atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. A detailed analysis indicates the complexity of the formation mechanisms of topologically and chemically distinguishable structural units with curvature driven surface diffusion, surface mobility, self-shadowing and internal stresses as the most important parameters. Common and simple synthesis method and the possibility for easy modification of the morphology and, consequently, the physical properties offer an opportunity for intensive studies of this new class of materials, opening the way towards possible applications. - Highlights: • Ni{sub 50}Ti{sub 45}Cu{sub 5} thin film nanoglasses were synthesized by magnetron sputtering. • Ti amorphous interfacial phase with reduced density is observed. • Stabilization of interfaces by specific local thermodynamic conditions.

  1. From Ba{sub 3}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 14}N to LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2}: Decreasing the optical band gap of a photocatalyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anke, B. [Institut für Chemie, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Bredow, T. [Mulliken Center for Theoretical Chemistry, Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universität Bonn, Beringstr. 4, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Pilarski, M.; Wark, M. [Institut für Chemie, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Carl-von-Ossietzky-Str. 9-11, 26129 Oldenburg (Germany); Lerch, M., E-mail: martin.lerch@tu-berlin.de [Institut für Chemie, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin (Germany)

    2017-02-15

    Yellow LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2} was successfully synthesized as phase-pure material crystallizing isostructurally to previously reported Ba{sub 3}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 14}N and mixed-valence Ba{sub 3}Ta{sup V}{sub 4}Ta{sup IV}O{sub 15}. The electronic structure of LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2} was studied theoretically with the range-separated hybrid method HSE06. The most stable structure was obtained when lanthanum was placed on 2a and nitrogen on 4h sites confirming Pauling's second rule. By incorporating nitrogen, the measured band gap decreases from ∼3.8 eV for the oxide via 2.74 eV for Ba{sub 3}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 14}N to 2.63 eV for the new oxide nitride, giving rise to an absorption band well in the visible-light region. Calculated fundamental band gaps confirm the experimental trend. The atom-projected density of states has large contributions from N2p orbitals close to the valence band edge. These are responsible for the observed band gap reduction. Photocatalytic hydrogen formation was investigated and compared with that of Ba{sub 3}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 14}N revealing significantly higher activity for LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2} under UV-light. - Graphical abstract: X-ray powder diffraction pattern of LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2} with the results of the Rietveld refinements. Inset: Unit cell of LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2} and polyhedral representation of the crystal structure. - Highlights: • Synthesis of a new oxide nitride LaBa{sub 2}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 13}N{sub 2}. • Refinement of the crystal structure. • Quantum chemical calculations provided band gap close to the measured value. • New phase shows a higher photocatalytic H{sub 2} evolution rate compared to prior tested Ba{sub 3}Ta{sub 5}O{sub 14}N.

  2. Generation of spectrally stable 6.5-fs visible pulses via filamentation in krypton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Keisuke Kaneshima; Kengo Takeuchi; Nobuhisa Ishii; Jiro Itatani

    2016-01-01

    We produced 5-μJ, 6.5-fs visible pulses at a repetition rate of 1 kHz using filamentation in a gas cell filled with krypton followed by spectral selection and phase compensation by a combination of dielectric mirrors. The visible pulses have a smooth spectrum from 520 to 650 nm with a shot-to-shot stability in each spectral component of better than 2%(standard deviation). This pulse compression scheme is simple and robust, and can be easily integrated into intense ultrashort-pulse laser systems.

  3. Electrochemical preparation and characteristics of Ni-Co-LaNi{sub 5} composite coatings as electrode materials for hydrogen evolution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Gang; Li Ning; Dai Changsong; Zhou Derui

    2004-02-15

    Electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction on Ni-Co-LaNi{sub 5} composite electrodes prepared by electrochemical codeposition technique was evaluated. The relationship between the current density for hydrogen evolution reaction and the amount of LaNi{sub 5} particles in Ni-Co baths is like the well-known 'volcano plot'. The Surface morphology and microstructure of Ni-Co-LaNi{sub 5} coatings were determined by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The kinetic parameters were determined from electrochemical steady-state Tafel polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technology in 1 M NaOH solution. The values obtained for the apparent energies of activation are 32.48, 46.29 and 57.03 kJ mol{sup -1} for the Ni-Co-LaNi{sub 5}, Ni-Co and Ni electrodes, respectively. The hydrogen evolution reaction on Ni-Co-LaNi{sub 5} proceeds via Volmer-Tafel reaction route with the mixed rate determining characteristics. The composite coating Ni-Co-LaNi{sub 5} is catalytically more active than Ni and Ni-Co electrodes due to the increase in its real surface areas and the decrease in the apparent free energy of activation caused by the electrocatalytic synergistic effect of the Ni-Co alloys and the hydrogen storage intermetallic particles on the electrode surface.

  4. Hydrothermal synthesis of HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods and their size-dependent magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lv, Yichao; Wu, Songping, E-mail: chwsp@scut.edu.cn; Xu, Rui

    2017-03-01

    The HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods were synthesized by a surfactant-assisted hydrothermal process. The length of nanorods is readily controllable with basically constant diameter. HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods show recognizable divagation at T{sub N}(Ho) of 13 K between FC and ZFC curve due to the contribution of the magnetic ordering of holmium. Size-dependent magnetic properties (i.e. a critical length for magnetization) of HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods can be ascribed to the competition between surface strain and uncompensated spin at the surface. - Highlights: • HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods were synthesized by a surfactant-assisted hydrothermal route. • HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods show recognizable divagation at T{sub N}(Ho) of 13 K between FC and ZFC. • Size-dependent magnetic properties of HoMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods can be observed.

  5. Synthesis, crystal structure and electronic structure of the binary phase Rh{sub 2}Cd{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koley, Biplab [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Chatterjee, S. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Jana, Partha P., E-mail: ppj@chem.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (India)

    2017-02-15

    A new phase in the Rh-Cd binary system - Rh{sub 2}Cd{sub 5} has been identified and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction and Energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The stoichiometric compound Rh{sub 2}Cd{sub 5} crystallizes with a unit cell containing 14 atoms, in the orthorhombic space group Pbam (55). The crystal structure of Rh{sub 2}Cd{sub 5} can be described as a defect form of the In{sub 3}Pd{sub 5} structure with ordered vacancies, formed of two 2D atomic layers with the stacking sequence: ABAB. The A type layers consist of (3.6.3.6)-Kagomé nets of Cd atoms while the B type layers consist of (3{sup 5}) (3{sup 7})- nets of both Cd and Rh atoms. The stability of this line phase is investigated by first principle electronic structure calculations on the model of ordered Rh{sub 2}Cd{sub 5}. - Graphical abstract: (3.6.3.6)-Kagomé nets of cadmium atoms (top) and (3{sup 5}) (3{sup 7})- nets of both cadmium and rhodium atoms (bottom) in the structure of Rh{sub 2}Cd{sub 5}.

  6. High-pressure synthesis and crystal structure of In{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 12}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitzthum, Daniela; Schauperl, Michael; Liedl, Klaus R.; Huppertz, Hubert [Univ. Innsbruck (Austria). Inst. fuer Allgemeine, Anorganische und Theoretische Chemie

    2017-03-01

    Orthorhombic In{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 12} was synthesized in a Walker-type multianvil apparatus under high-pressure/high-temperature conditions of 12.2 GPa and 1500 C. Its structure is isotypic to the rare earth analogs RE{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 12} (RE=Sc, Er-Lu). In the field of indium borate chemistry, In{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 12} is the third known ternary indium borate besides InBO{sub 3} and InB{sub 5}O{sub 9}. The crystal structure of In{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 12} has been determined via single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected at room temperature. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pmna with the lattice parameters a=12.570(2), b=4.5141(4), c=12.397(2) Aa, and V=703.4(2) Aa{sup 3}. IR and Raman bands of In{sub 3}B{sub 5}O{sub 12} were theoretically determined and assigned to experimentally recorded spectra.

  7. Doping of Co into V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles enhances photodegradation of methylene blue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suresh, R.; Giribabu, K.; Manigandan, R.; Munusamy, S.; Praveen Kumar, S.; Muthamizh, S. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Maraimalai Campus, Chennai 600 025 (India); Stephen, A. [Department of Nuclear Physics, University of Madras, Guindy Maraimalai Campus, Chennai 600 025 (India); Narayanan, V., E-mail: vnnara@yahoo.co.in [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Maraimalai Campus, Chennai 600 025 (India)

    2014-06-15

    Highlights: • Co-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles are synthesized by thermal decomposition method. • The nanoparticles are used as photocatalyst for the first time. • Doped samples exhibited enhanced photodegradation property. • Observed enhanced activity is due to Co and plausible mechanism has been proposed. - Abstract: V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles doped with different amounts of (x = 2%, 5% and 10%) Co was successfully synthesized by thermal decomposition method with the purpose of enhancing their photodegradation performance under visible light irradiation. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman, UV–Vis, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The photodegradation property of the prepared pure V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Co-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles were investigated by using aqueous solution of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. The obtained results clearly indicated that the amount of Co has significant effect on the photodegradation of MB. Particularly, 10%Co-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanoparticles exhibits enhanced photodegradation property than the pure, 2% and 5%Co-doped samples. A plausible mechanism was put forth for such significant improvements in photodegradation performance of Co-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}.

  8. Effect of the ITO substrate on the growth of Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2}, CuGa{sub 3}Se{sub 5}, CuGa{sub 5}Se{sub 8} and CuIn{sub 3}Se{sub 5} thin films by flash evaporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedrich, E J; Merino, J M; Leon, M [Department of Applied Physics, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (UAM), Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Trigo, J F; Guillen, C [Department of Energy, CIEMAT, Avda Complutense, 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Ramiro, J, E-mail: josue.friedrich@uam.e [Department of Theory of Signal and Communications, URJC, Campus Fuenlabrada, 122, 28943 Madrid (Spain)

    2009-04-21

    Structural, compositional, electrical and morphological properties of CuIn{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} (x = 0.15, 0.30) and ordered defect compounds (ODC) CuGa{sub 3}Se{sub 5}, CuGa{sub 5}Se{sub 8}, CuIn{sub 3}Se{sub 5} thin films grown by flash evaporation onto soda lime glass substrates (SLG) and ITO/SLG have been studied. Polycrystalline thin films with accentuated preferential orientation in the (1 1 2) plane of the tetragonal structure have been obtained. Annealing in Se atmosphere improves the structural, morphological, electrical and optical properties of the evaporated films, but provokes the formation of a CuIn{sub x}Se{sub y} phase on the surface of the films. Band gap values ranging between 1.01 and 1.21 eV have been obtained for the as-grown CuIn{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} thin films and between 1.09 and 2.01 eV for the CuGa{sub 3}Se{sub 5}, CuGa{sub 5}Se{sub 8} and CuIn{sub 3}Se{sub 5} thin films.

  9. Novel hollow fiber compressor for high power, multi-mJ ultrafast lasers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagy, T.; Simon, P.; Schweinberger, W.; Sommer, A.; Schultze, M.; Kienberger, R.; Krausz, F.

    2010-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows. The current trends in ultrafast laser development include, besides the reduction of the pulse duration, also the up-scaling of the pulse energy and the increase of the repetition rate. Recently, multi-mJ, multi-kHz lasers delivering sub-30 fs pulses have become available. The compression of the output pulses of such lasers to sub-5 fs duration is a challenging task. In order to maintain good temporal contrast and beam profile, the preferred way for spectral broadening is to use noble-gas-filled hollow fibers. For launching multi-mJ pulses in the waveguide, its inner diameter has to be large in order to keep the intensity at low levels so that the ionization losses are still tolerable. For optimal in-coupling the differential pressure scheme is very favourable, which, however requires longer waveguide lengths to compensate for the reduced effective interaction length caused by the pressure gradient. Recently, a novel hollow fiber construction has been developed comprising a waveguide formed by a stretched flexible capillary tube. This special construction resolves the usual strong limitation of the length of the waveguide, provides excellent straightness, and inherently supports the differential pressure scheme. The only drawback of the flexible fiber unit to date was its susceptibility to thermal damage in case of high average power input beams. To solve this problem we present a novel composite fiber unit, which consists of a thick-walled taper followed by a long flexible fiber. This construction combines the advantages of both types: the high resistibility of the taper and the free length-scalability of a flexible fiber. In order to demonstrate the potential of the new fiber design, a 2 m long composite fiber with an inner diameter of 320 μm was placed at the output of a CPA Ti:Sa laser system comprising an oscillator, a grating-prism (grism) stretcher, two multi-pass amplifier stages and a compressor combining bulk glass

  10. SeaWiFS_L3b_SNSP_RRS

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The SeaWiFS instrument was launched by Orbital Sciences Corporation on the OrbView-2 (a.k.a. SeaStar) satellite in August 1997, and collected data from September...

  11. SeaWiFS_L3b_CU_CHL

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The SeaWiFS instrument was launched by Orbital Sciences Corporation on the OrbView-2 (a.k.a. SeaStar) satellite in August 1997, and collected data from September...

  12. SeaWiFS_L3b_SNWI_CHL

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The SeaWiFS instrument was launched by Orbital Sciences Corporation on the OrbView-2 (a.k.a. SeaStar) satellite in August 1997, and collected data from September...

  13. EST Table: FS936166 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to Low density lipoprotein receptor adapter protein 1 (Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia protein) ... similar to Low density lipoprotein receptor adapter protein 1 (Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia protein) isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS929848 fwgP ...

  14. EST Table: FS929848 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DICTED: similar to Low density lipoprotein receptor adapter protein 1 (Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia...1| PREDICTED: similar to Low density lipoprotein receptor adapter protein 1 (Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia protein) isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS929848 fwgP ...

  15. EST Table: FS851943 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to restin (Reed-Steinberg cell-expressed intermediate filament-associated protein) [Tribolium castaneum] ...o restin (Reed-Steinberg cell-expressed intermediate filament-associated protein) [Tribolium castaneum] FS906662 fner ...

  16. EST Table: FS921686 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to restin (Reed-Steinberg cell-expressed intermediate filament-associated protein) [Tribolium castaneum] ...o restin (Reed-Steinberg cell-expressed intermediate filament-associated protein) [Tribolium castaneum] FS906662 fwgP ...

  17. EST Table: FS796464 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to putative lysosomal glucocerebrosidase [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/09 32 %/334 aa FBpp0237202|DvirGJ227...milar to putative lysosomal glucocerebrosidase [Tribolium castaneum] FS796494 ffbm ...

  18. EST Table: FS759318 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 25 aa ref|XP_975608.1| PREDICTED: similar to putative lysosomal glucocerebrosidas...%/225 aa gi|91087345|ref|XP_975608.1| PREDICTED: similar to putative lysosomal glucocerebrosidase [Tribolium castaneum] FS759318 fcaL ...

  19. EST Table: FS748350 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available PREDICTED: similar to fetal alzheimer antigen, falz [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/08 37 %/193 aa FBpp0290563|E...811424.1| PREDICTED: similar to fetal alzheimer antigen, falz [Tribolium castaneum] FS748350 caL- ...

  20. [Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of femtosecond laser comprehensive applications in ophthalmology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Li-xin; Gao, Hua

    2013-04-01

    The femtosecond (FS) laser is a novel laser technology, and is approved clinical application by FDA in 2000. FS laser initially mainly used in corneal refractive surgery to replace the mechanical microkeratome. Since the accuracy and controllability of the FS laser is very high, it shows superiority in the field of corneal refractive surgery. And with the development of the relative hard and software, FS laser is began to used in other fields of ophthalmology, such as corneal transplants, cataract surgery, as well as assisted diagnosis et al., although still have some limitations, the preliminary clinical results have been shown a very good prospects in the ophthalmology fields. Therefore, we reviewed the alternative applications, challenges and limitations, research direction in the future of FS laser, so that provide a reference and revelations for the peers.

  1. Crystal growth of Li{sup 10}B{sub 3}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugiyama, Akira [Kansai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Kizu, Kyoto (Japan); Gallagher, Hugh G.; Han, Thomas P.J.

    1999-09-01

    The growth of boron 10 isotope enriched L{sup 10}BO (Li{sup 10}B{sub 3}O{sub 5}) optical crystal has been developed from Top-Seeded-Solution-Growth using a resistance furnace. In the preparation for growth materials, we have made further improvement on a charge loading technique to a crucible and succeeded in forming suitable high temperature flux for producing crystals. Adequate temperature gradient of 1K/cm inside the crucible was achieved from searching for a combination of setting temperatures in the vertical three-zone furnace and installing a ceramic ring under the crucible. We have also optimized seed holder configuration and established growth conditions by several attempts. As a result, two good quality L{sup 10}BO crystals were produced with sizes of 14 x 25 x 22 mm and 13 x 10 x 12 mm from <001> oriented seed crystals. Although these sizes were limited by the size of the crucible used, appropriate oriented samples were extracted for detailed studies in optical measurements. (author)

  2. Molecular dynamics-based refinement and validation for sub-5 Å cryo-electron microscopy maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singharoy, Abhishek; Teo, Ivan; McGreevy, Ryan; Stone, John E; Zhao, Jianhua; Schulten, Klaus

    2016-07-07

    Two structure determination methods, based on the molecular dynamics flexible fitting (MDFF) paradigm, are presented that resolve sub-5 Å cryo-electron microscopy (EM) maps with either single structures or ensembles of such structures. The methods, denoted cascade MDFF and resolution exchange MDFF, sequentially re-refine a search model against a series of maps of progressively higher resolutions, which ends with the original experimental resolution. Application of sequential re-refinement enables MDFF to achieve a radius of convergence of ~25 Å demonstrated with the accurate modeling of β-galactosidase and TRPV1 proteins at 3.2 Å and 3.4 Å resolution, respectively. The MDFF refinements uniquely offer map-model validation and B-factor determination criteria based on the inherent dynamics of the macromolecules studied, captured by means of local root mean square fluctuations. The MDFF tools described are available to researchers through an easy-to-use and cost-effective cloud computing resource on Amazon Web Services.

  3. Temperature and cooling field dependent exchange coupling in [Cr/Gd]{sub 5} multilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiao, Z.W.; Chen, H.J.; Jiang, W.D.; Wang, J.F.; Yu, S.J. [Department of Physics, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou (China); Hou, Y.L.; Lu, B.; Ye, Q.L. [Department of Physics, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou (China)

    2016-09-15

    Exchange coupling has been investigated in the [Cr/Gd]{sub 5} multilayers deposited at 25, 200, and 400 C, where the Neel temperature (T{sub N}) of antiferromagnetic Cr is slightly higher than the Curie temperature (T{sub C}) of ferromagnetic Gd. It was found that the exchange coupling existed not only at T{sub C} < T < T{sub N}, but also above the temperature (T{sub N}) of antiferromagnetic orderings with incommensurate spin-density wave structures transiting to paramagnetic state. These results can be discussed in terms of the crucial role played by the antiferromagnetic spins of Cr with commensurate spin-density wave structures in the vicinity of the Cr/Gd interfaces. Moreover, the exchange coupling of the multilayers grown at different temperatures exhibited different dependencies on the measuring temperature and the cooling field, respectively. Positive exchange bias was observed in the multilayers grown at 200 and 400 C. The interfacial roughness, grain size, and the antiferromagnetic orderings of Cr may be responsible for the anomalous exchange coupling of the multilayers. In addition, the competition between the exchange coupling at Cr/Gd interfaces and the external field-Cr surface magnetic coupling can explain the appearance of negative or positive exchange bias. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Sub-5 nm, globally aligned graphene nanoribbons on Ge(001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiraly, Brian; Mannix, Andrew J. [Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Building 440, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, 2220 Campus Drive, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Jacobberger, Robert M.; Arnold, Michael S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Fisher, Brandon L.; Guisinger, Nathan P., E-mail: nguisinger@anl.gov, E-mail: m-hersam@northwestern.edu [Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Building 440, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Hersam, Mark C., E-mail: nguisinger@anl.gov, E-mail: m-hersam@northwestern.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, 2220 Campus Drive, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2220 Campus Drive, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

    2016-05-23

    Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) hold great promise for future electronics because of their edge and width dependent electronic bandgaps and exceptional transport properties. While significant progress toward GNR devices has been made, the field has been limited by difficulties achieving narrow widths, global alignment, and atomically pristine GNR edges on technologically relevant substrates. A recent advance has challenged these limits by using Ge(001) substrates to direct the bottom-up growth of GNRs with nearly pristine armchair edges and widths near ∼10 nm via atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition. In this work, the growth of GNRs on Ge(001) is extended to ultra-high vacuum conditions, resulting in the realization of GNRs with widths narrower than 5 nm. Armchair graphene nanoribbons oriented along Ge 〈110〉 surface directions are achieved with excellent width control and relatively large bandgaps. The bandgap magnitude and electronic uniformity of these sub-5 nm GNRs are well-suited for emerging nanoelectronic applications.

  5. Electronic parameters and top surface chemical stability of RbPb{sub 2}Br{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atuchin, V.V., E-mail: atuchin@thermo.isp.nsc.ru [Laboratory of Optical Materials and Structures, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk 90, 630090 (Russian Federation); Isaenko, L.I. [Laboratory of Crystal Growth, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, SB RAS, Novosibirsk 90, 630090 (Russian Federation); Kesler, V.G. [Laboratory of Physical Principles for Integrated Microelectronics, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk 90, 630090 (Russian Federation); Pokrovsky, L.D. [Laboratory of Optical Materials and Structures, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk 90, 630090 (Russian Federation); Tarasova, A.Yu. [Laboratory of Crystal Growth, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, SB RAS, Novosibirsk 90, 630090 (Russian Federation)

    2012-01-16

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bridgman growth of RbPb{sub 2}Br{sub 5} crystal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Electronic structure measurements with XPS. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optical crystalline surface fabrication. - Abstract: The RbPb{sub 2}Br{sub 5} crystal has been grown by Bridgman method. The electronic structure of RbPb{sub 2}Br{sub 5} has been measured with XPS for a powder sample. High chemical stability of RbPb{sub 2}Br{sub 5} surface is verified by weak intensity of O 1s core level recorded by XPS and structural RHEED measurements. Chemical bonding effects have been observed by the comparative analysis of element core levels and crystal structure of RbPb{sub 2}Br{sub 5} and several rubidium- and lead-containing bromides using binding energy difference parameters {Delta}{sub Rb} = (BE Rb 3d - BE Br 3d) and {Delta}{sub Pb} = (BE Pb 4f{sub 7/2} - BE Br 3d).

  6. Photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical performance of Ta{sub 3}N{sub 5} microcolumn films fabricated using facile reactive sputtering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Der-Hwa [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1 University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China); Chang, Kao-Shuo, E-mail: kschang@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1 University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China); Promotion Center for Global Materials Research, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1 University Road, Tainan City 70101, Taiwan (China)

    2016-08-21

    This paper presents the photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical (PEC) properties of Ta{sub 3}N{sub 5} microcolumn films. The highlights include (1) overcoming the fundamental barrier of standard reactive sputtering for fabricating microcolumns; (2) preventing unnecessary complexity from complicating facile sputtering; (3) an alternative but effective approach for fabricating Ta{sub 3}N{sub 5} without using caustic NH{sub 3} gases; (4) investigating morphology tuning for favorable photocatalysis and PEC reactions; and (5) elucidating the relationships of the structures, morphologies, and properties of Ta{sub 3}N{sub 5} microcolumns. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selective-area electron diffraction verified the polycrystallinity of Ta{sub 3}N{sub 5} microcolumns, of which the elemental compositions and stoichiometry were measured using electron-probe energy dispersive spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The corresponding band gap was determined to be approximately 2.1 eV. The sample exhibited a superior photodegradation capability; the photodegradation rate constant k was determined to be approximately 1.4 times higher than that of P25 under UV irradiation. A photocatalytic and PEC cycling test indicated the photodegradation reusability and photostability of the Ta{sub 3}N{sub 5} microcolumns. The incident photon-to-current efficiency performance reached 6%, suggesting that these microcolumns hold potential for application in PEC devices.

  7. Magnetic structure and physical properties of the multiferroic compound PrMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doubrovsky, C. [Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Universite Paris-Sud, CNRS-UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Andre, G. [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS UMR 12, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Bouquet, F. [Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Universite Paris-Sud, CNRS-UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Elkaim, E. [Soleil Synchrotron, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Li, M.; Greenblatt, M. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Foury-Leylekian, P., E-mail: pascale.foury@u-psud.fr [Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Universite Paris-Sud, CNRS-UMR 8502, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2012-06-01

    RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} (R=lanthanide, Bi, Y) multiferroic compounds are intensively studied for their potential application in the spintronic field. In these systems, the key issue is to understand the origin of the strong coupling between the ferroelectric and magnetic orders and to investigate the influence of the nature of the R ions in this coupling. While the phase diagram of RMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} compounds with small R size is well established, this of large R size compounds is missing due to the lack of samples originating with difficulties of synthesis. We present in this paper the first investigation of the thermodynamic, structural and magnetic properties of high quality polycrystalline PrMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} samples. Our work shows that PrMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} presents two magnetic transitions corresponding to commensurate magnetic orderings. We also evidence a weak lattice effect coupled to the magnetic order. Our results point out that the physical properties of PrMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} differ from those of the parent compounds with magnetic R ions.

  8. Surface texture of single-crystal silicon oxidized under a thin V{sub 2}O{sub 5} layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikitin, S. E., E-mail: nikitin@mail.ioffe.ru; Verbitskiy, V. N.; Nashchekin, A. V.; Trapeznikova, I. N.; Bobyl, A. V.; Terukova, E. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical–Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

    2017-01-15

    The process of surface texturing of single-crystal silicon oxidized under a V{sub 2}O{sub 5} layer is studied. Intense silicon oxidation at the Si–V{sub 2}O{sub 5} interface begins at a temperature of 903 K which is 200 K below than upon silicon thermal oxidation in an oxygen atmosphere. A silicon dioxide layer 30–50 nm thick with SiO{sub 2} inclusions in silicon depth up to 400 nm is formed at the V{sub 2}O{sub 5}–Si interface. The diffusion coefficient of atomic oxygen through the silicon-dioxide layer at 903 K is determined (D ≥ 2 × 10{sup –15} cm{sup 2} s{sup –1}). A model of low-temperature silicon oxidation, based on atomic oxygen diffusion from V{sub 2}O{sub 5} through the SiO{sub 2} layer to silicon, and SiO{sub x} precipitate formation in silicon is proposed. After removing the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and silicon-dioxide layers, texture is formed on the silicon surface, which intensely scatters light in the wavelength range of 300–550 nm and is important in the texturing of the front and rear surfaces of solar cells.

  9. Growth of α-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructured thin films as a function of deposition process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Megha, E-mail: meghasingh.life@gmail.com; Sharma, Rabindar K.; Reddy, G. B. [Thin film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi -110016 (India)

    2016-05-23

    In this communication, we synthesizedvanadium pentoxide (α-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanostructured thin films (NSTs) using four different methods for obtaining vanadate species namely thermal evaporation (source of vanadate species are V{sub 2}O{sub 5} powder and vanadium metal foil) and plasma assisted sublimation process (source of vanadate species are V{sub 2}O{sub 5} powder and vanadium metal foil). The effect of plasmaon morphological and structural propertieshave been systematicallystudied. XRD revealed thermal evaporation process yielded amorphous films whereassublimation process yielded highly crystalline α-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} films. HRTEM of nanobelts show, the growth is preferred in (001) crystallographic direction with interplanar distance of 0.43 nm. XPS revealed O/V ratio of ~2.4, which nearly agrees with standard V{sub 2}O{sub 5} stoichiometry. SEM revealed deposition process affect morphology of films; thermal evaporation results in smoother film while plasma assisted sublimation process reveals nanoflakes and nanobelts (NBs). All the results are inconcordance with each other.

  10. Enhanced surface transfer doping of diamond by V{sub 2}O{sub 5} with improved thermal stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, Kevin G., E-mail: k.crawford.2@research.gla.ac.uk; Moran, David A. J. [School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8LT (United Kingdom); Cao, Liang [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 350 Shushanhu Road, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China); Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Qi, Dongchen, E-mail: d.qi@latrobe.edu.au [Department of Chemistry and Physics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria 3086 (Australia); Tallaire, Alexandre [LSPM-CNRS, Université Paris 13, Villetaneuse 93430 (France); Limiti, E.; Verona, C. [Department of Industrial Engineering, “Tor Vergata” University, Rome 00173 (Italy); Wee, Andrew T. S. [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore, Singapore 117542 (Singapore)

    2016-01-25

    Surface transfer doping of hydrogen-terminated diamond has been achieved utilising V{sub 2}O{sub 5} as a surface electron accepting material. Contact between the oxide and diamond surface promotes the transfer of electrons from the diamond into the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} as revealed by the synchrotron-based high resolution photoemission spectroscopy. Electrical characterization by Hall measurement performed before and after V{sub 2}O{sub 5} deposition shows an increase in hole carrier concentration in the diamond from 3.0 × 10{sup 12} to 1.8 × 10{sup 13 }cm{sup −2} at room temperature. High temperature Hall measurements performed up to 300 °C in atmosphere reveal greatly enhanced thermal stability of the hole channel produced using V{sub 2}O{sub 5} in comparison with an air-induced surface conduction channel. Transfer doping of hydrogen-terminated diamond using high electron affinity oxides such as V{sub 2}O{sub 5} is a promising approach for achieving thermally stable, high performance diamond based devices in comparison with air-induced surface transfer doping.

  11. Development of a high-performance nanostructured V(sub2)O(sub5)/SnO(sub2)catalyst for efficient benzene hydroxylation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Makgwane, PR

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Nanostructured vanadium-tin oxide (V(sub2)O(sub5)/SnO(sub2)) catalysts with V(sub2)O(sub5) loading in a range of 5–20 wt% have been synthesized. The V(sub2)O(sub5)/SnO(sub2) nanostructures exhibited effective catalytic performance...

  12. EST Table: FS771324 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS771324 E_FL_fcaL_21P07_F_0 10/09/28 46 %/146 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/146 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/146 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 fcaL ...

  13. EST Table: FS875608 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS875608 E_FL_ftes_04F20_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 ftes ...

  14. EST Table: FS891805 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS891805 E_FL_ftes_04F20_R_0 10/09/28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 ftes ...

  15. EST Table: FS787608 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS787608 E_FL_fcaL_21P07_R_0 10/09/28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 fcaL ...

  16. EST Table: FS874950 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS874950 E_FL_ftes_02G24_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 ftes ...

  17. EST Table: FS803374 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS803374 E_FL_fmgV_12D12_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/149 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/150 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/149 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 fmgV ...

  18. EST Table: FS822360 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS822360 E_FL_fmgV_12D12_R_0 10/09/28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 fmgV ...

  19. EST Table: FS862828 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS862828 E_FL_fner_20A08_R_0 10/09/28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 fner ...

  20. EST Table: FS895588 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS895588 E_FL_ftes_18N10_R_0 10/09/28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 ftes ...

  1. EST Table: FS844168 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS844168 E_FL_fner_20A08_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 fner ...

  2. EST Table: FS847583 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS847583 E_FL_fner_29M11_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 fner ...

  3. EST Table: FS928974 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS928974 E_FL_fwgP_23N08_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 fwgP ...

  4. EST Table: FS923051 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS923051 E_FL_fwgP_06G17_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 fwgP ...

  5. EST Table: FS865993 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS865993 E_FL_fner_29M11_R_0 10/09/28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...46 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 46 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 fner ...

  6. EST Table: FS880548 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS880548 E_FL_ftes_18N10_F_0 10/09/28 45 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jump...45 %/151 aa gnl|Amel|GB14856-PA 10/09/10 45 %/153 aa gi|91086783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS906679 ftes ...

  7. EST Table: FS730803 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS730803 E_FL_bmmt_19O18_F_0 10/09/28 54 %/206 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 bmmt ...

  8. EST Table: FS918214 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS918214 E_FL_fufe_43K22_F_0 10/09/28 53 %/199 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fufe ...

  9. EST Table: FS920143 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS920143 E_FL_fufe_49H24_F_0 11/12/09 GO hit GO:0005874(microtubule)|GO:0007021(tub...:AGAP002130 10/09/10 59 %/109 aa gnl|Amel|GB17804-PA 10/09/10 60 %/109 aa gi|91091982|ref|XP_969241.1| PREDICTED: similar to AGAP002130-PA [Tribolium castaneum] FS920143 fufe ...

  10. EST Table: FS809383 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS809383 E_FL_fmgV_28P15_F_0 10/09/28 91 %/173 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-relat...29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 39 %/158 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS791050 fmgV ...

  11. EST Table: FS828361 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS828361 E_FL_fmgV_28P15_R_0 10/09/28 92 %/173 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-relat...29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 39 %/158 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS895586 fmgV ...

  12. EST Table: FS822271 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS822271 E_FL_fmgV_11P16_R_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 75 %/112 aa ref|XP_001656149.1| fetal alzheimer... antigen, falz [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT35210.1| fetal alzheimer antigen, falz [Aedes aegypti] 1...8 %/115 aa gi|189240808|ref|XP_001811424.1| PREDICTED: similar to fetal alzheimer antigen, falz [Tribolium castaneum] FS822271 fmgV ...

  13. EST Table: FS887803 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS887803 E_FL_ftes_40G04_F_0 10/09/28 35 %/122 aa ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephen... %/149 aa gnl|Amel|GB19565-PA 10/09/10 35 %/122 aa gi|91093471|ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephensi ubiquitin, putative [Tribolium castaneum] FS914988 ftes ...

  14. EST Table: FS934225 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS934225 E_FL_fwgP_39G18_F_0 10/09/28 34 %/122 aa ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephen... %/149 aa gnl|Amel|GB19565-PA 10/09/10 34 %/122 aa gi|91093471|ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephensi ubiquitin, putative [Tribolium castaneum] FS914988 fwgP ...

  15. EST Table: FS900811 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS900811 E_FL_ftes_40G04_R_0 10/09/28 35 %/117 aa ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephen... %/144 aa gnl|Amel|GB19565-PA 10/09/10 35 %/117 aa gi|91093471|ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephensi ubiquitin, putative [Tribolium castaneum] FS788262 ftes ...

  16. EST Table: FS915066 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS915066 E_FL_fufe_34C05_F_0 10/09/28 35 %/122 aa ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephen... %/149 aa gnl|Amel|GB19565-PA 10/09/10 35 %/122 aa gi|91093471|ref|XP_967620.1| PREDICTED: similar to anopheles stephensi ubiquitin, putative [Tribolium castaneum] FS914988 fufe ...

  17. EST Table: FS932533 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS932533 E_FL_fwgP_34I10_F_0 10/09/28 96 %/124 aa ref|NP_001129358.1| osiris 21 [Bo...mbyx mori] gb|ACI23616.1| osiris 21 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS930345 fwgP ...

  18. EST Table: FS934649 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS934649 E_FL_fwgP_40K10_F_0 10/09/28 31 %/210 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS923180 fwgP ...

  19. EST Table: FS915156 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS915156 E_FL_fufe_34G19_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  20. EST Table: FS906636 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS906636 E_FL_fufe_08M11_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  1. EST Table: FS917709 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS917709 E_FL_fufe_42C09_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  2. EST Table: FS908946 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS908946 E_FL_fufe_15L23_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  3. EST Table: FS914517 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS914517 E_FL_fufe_32I12_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  4. EST Table: FS911186 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS911186 E_FL_fufe_22H12_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  5. EST Table: FS917981 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS917981 E_FL_fufe_42P12_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  6. EST Table: FS912711 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS912711 E_FL_fufe_27A14_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  7. EST Table: FS916402 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS916402 E_FL_fufe_38D15_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  8. EST Table: FS919976 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS919976 E_FL_fufe_48P22_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  9. EST Table: FS911993 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS911993 E_FL_fufe_24O22_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  10. EST Table: FS912253 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS912253 E_FL_fufe_25L04_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  11. EST Table: FS917956 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS917956 E_FL_fufe_42O09_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  12. EST Table: FS917447 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS917447 E_FL_fufe_41G05_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  13. EST Table: FS914674 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS914674 E_FL_fufe_32P17_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  14. EST Table: FS917785 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS917785 E_FL_fufe_42F24_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  15. EST Table: FS904384 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS904384 E_FL_fufe_01N19_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/164 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  16. EST Table: FS904587 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS904587 E_FL_fufe_02H08_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  17. EST Table: FS919260 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS919260 E_FL_fufe_46M19_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  18. EST Table: FS908267 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS908267 E_FL_fufe_13L04_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  19. EST Table: FS912841 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS912841 E_FL_fufe_27H01_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  20. EST Table: FS905814 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS905814 E_FL_fufe_06D23_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  1. EST Table: FS912585 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS912585 E_FL_fufe_26K20_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  2. EST Table: FS919646 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS919646 E_FL_fufe_47P17_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  3. EST Table: FS908281 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS908281 E_FL_fufe_13L21_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  4. EST Table: FS906986 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS906986 E_FL_fufe_09N12_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/191 aa ref|NP_001098700.1| nanos-M [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAF73619.1| nanos-M [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h FS918893 fufe ...

  5. EST Table: FS737308 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS737308 E_FL_bmmt_08H07_R_0 11/12/09 GO hit GO:0003678(DNA helicase activity)|GO:0...455:8982171:1|gene:AGAP010720 10/09/10 70 %/220 aa gnl|Amel|GB17337-PA 10/09/10 71 %/212 aa gi|189235245|ref...|XP_970366.2| PREDICTED: similar to pom1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS737308 bmmt ...

  6. Moessbauer studies of the LiAl sub(5-x) Fe sub(x) O8 and LiGa sub(5-x) Fe sub(x) O8 systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barthem, V.M.T.S.; Maria Neto, J.; Souza Barros, F. de

    1982-01-01

    Comparative Moessbauer studies of the LiGa sub(5-x) Fe sub(x) O 8 and LiAl sub(5-x) Fe sub(x) O 8 systems are shown. The characteristics of the Moessbauer spectra, obtained with LiGa 5 O 8 samples with 0,1% of Fe 3+ , differ drastically from that observed with LiAl 5 O 8 with the same three-valent iron concentration. All these differences are related to the more covalent character of the gallium-oxygen binding, when compared with the aluminium-oxygen one. (L.C.) [pt

  7. Laser modification of silica, simulating pulse shape and length

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Corrales, L. Rene; Moore, Emily

    2009-01-01

    Computer simulations of instantaneous thermal heating due to a laser pulse is modeled as a pulse occurring over 1 or 100 fs, during which time the atoms within a cylinder are given excess kinetic energy to mimic the effect of adding energy locally to a system by a laser. The response of the material under conditions in which a similar amount of energy is dumped within 1 fs versus over a 100 fs pulse with two distinct shapes, square and Gaussian-like, is explored. Key physics disclosed is that with a pulse width of 100 fs, as the energy is being added it begins to dissipate away from region where it is added. With a 1 fs (instantaneous) pulse there is greater initial ballistic behavior than when it is dumped over a 100 fs period. In the latter, there are localized hot spots displaying ballistic behavior.

  8. The Cardy limit of the topologically twisted index and black strings in AdS{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosseini, Seyed Morteza; Nedelin, Anton; Zaffaroni, Alberto [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca,I-20126 Milano (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano-Bicocca,I-20126 Milano (Italy)

    2017-04-04

    We evaluate the topologically twisted index of a general four-dimensional N=1 gauge theory in the “high-temperature' limit. The index is the partition function for N=1 theories on S{sup 2}×T{sup 2}, with a partial topological twist along S{sup 2}, in the presence of background magnetic fluxes and fugacities for the global symmetries. We show that the logarithm of the index is proportional to the conformal anomaly coefficient of the two-dimensional N=(0,2) SCFTs obtained from the compactification on S{sup 2}. We also present a universal formula for extracting the index from the four-dimensional conformal anomaly coefficient and its derivatives. We give examples based on theories whose holographic duals are black strings in type IIB backgrounds AdS{sub 5}×SE{sub 5}, where SE{sub 5} are five-dimensional Sasaki-Einstein spaces.

  9. Investigating the effect of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} addition on sodium barium borosilicate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halder, Rumu, E-mail: rumuhalder24feb@gmail.com; Sengupta, Pranesh; Dey, G. K. [Materials Science Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-700 085 (India); Sudarsan, V. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-700 085 (India); Kaushik, C. P. [Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-700 085 (India)

    2016-05-23

    V{sub 2}O{sub 5} doped sodium barium borosilicate glasses were characterized by photoluminescence spectroscopy and electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA). The glass remains homogeneous for lower concentration of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} but a phase separation is observed when V{sub 2}O{sub 5} doping is increased beyond 5 mol%. Detailed microanalysis reveals that the phase separated glass consists of a phase containing V, Ba and Si and a separate Si rich phase within the glass matrix. The luminescence study demonstrated that at low concentration the vanadium mainly interacts with the structural units of B/Si while at higher concentrations, V-O-V/ V-O{sup −} Na{sup +}/Ba{sup 2+} linkages are formed.

  10. Non-adiabatic Landau-Zener transitions in low-spin molecular magnet V sub 1 sub 5

    CERN Document Server

    Chiorescu, I; Müller, A; Bögge, H; Barbara, B

    2000-01-01

    The V sub 1 sub 5 polyoxovanadate molecule is made of 15 spins ((1)/(2)) with antiferromagnetic couplings. It belongs to the class of molecules with very large Hilbert space dimension (2 sup 1 sup 5 in V sub 1 sub 5 , 10 sup 8 in Mn sub 1 sub 2 -AC). It is a low spin/large molecule with spin S=((1)/(2)). Contrary to large spins/large molecules of the Mn sub 1 sub 2 -AC type, V sub 1 sub 5 has no energy barrier against spin rotation. Magnetization measurements have been performed and despite the absence of a barrier, magnetic hysteresis is observed over a timescale of several seconds. This new phenomenon characterized by a 'butterfly' hysteresis loop is due to the effect of the environment on the quantum rotation of the entangled 15 spins of the molecule, in which the phonon density of states is not at its equilibrium (phonon bottleneck).

  11. Rayleigh scattering of Moessbauer radiation in superionic conductor RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ovanesyan, N.S.; Goffman, V.G.; Sokolov, V.B.; Tkachev, V.V. (AN SSSR, Chernogolovka. Otdelenie Inst. Khimicheskoj Fiziki)

    1984-04-01

    The dynamical properties of RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/ has been investiaated by Rayleigh scattering of Moessbauer radiation (RSMR) with wave-length lambda = 0.86 A. The character of Ag/sup +/ ion oscillatory motion and diffusion in RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/ depending on temperature including the phase transitions region is studied. It is shown that in the superionic crystal RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/ the diffusion process is strongly correlated, i.e. a great number of initial and final states at diffusion jumps coincide. The observed broadening can be less than the expected one by value orders. Diffusion correlation can strongly reduce the activation barrier and lead to anomalously high ionic conduction.

  12. Pre-potential in the AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} type IIB superspace

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poláček, Martin; Siegel, Warren [C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics, State University of New York,100 Nicolls Rd., Stony Brook, NY 11794-3840 (United States)

    2017-01-16

    We found the pre-potential in the superspace with AdS{sub 5} × S{sup 5} background. The pre-potential appears as part of the vielbeins, without derivatives. In both subspaces (AdS{sub 5} and S{sup 5}) we used Poincaré coordinates. We picked one bulk coordinate in AdS{sub 5} and one bulk coordinate in S{sup 5} to define the space-cone gauge. Such space-cone gauge destroys the bulk Lorentz covariance. However, it still preserves boundary Lorentz covariance (and gives projective superspace) SO(3,1)⊗SO(4) and so symmetries of boundary CFT are manifest.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of polycrystalline brownmillerite cobalt doped Ca{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dhankhar, Suchita; Baskar, K.; Singh, Shubra, E-mail: shubra6@gmail.com [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai-600 025 (India); Bhalerao, Gopal [UGC-DAE CSR Kalpakkam node, Kalpakkam-603104 (India)

    2016-05-23

    Brownmillerite compounds with general formula A{sub 2}BB’O{sub 5} (BB’ = Mn, Al, Fe, Co) have attracted attention in wide range of applications such as in solid oxide fuel cell, oxygen separation membrane and photocatalysis. Brownmillerite compounds have unique structure with alternate layers of BO{sub 6} octahedral layers and BO{sub 4} tetrahedral layers. Presence of dopants like Co in place of Fe increases oxygen vacancies. In the present work we have synthesized polycrystalline Ca{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Ca{sub 2}Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}O{sub 5} (x = 0.01, 0.03) by citrate combustion route. The as prepared samples were characterized by XRD using PANalytical X’Pert System, DRS (Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy) and SEM (Scanning electron microscopy).

  14. Stability and isomerization reactions of phenyl cation C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} isomers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shi, Dandan [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy (Jilin University), Changchun 130012 (China); Yang, Xue [College of Science, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin 132022 (China); Zhang, Xiaomei; Shan, Shimin [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy (Jilin University), Changchun 130012 (China); Xu, Haifeng, E-mail: xuhf@jlu.edu.cn [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy (Jilin University), Changchun 130012 (China); Yan, Bing, E-mail: yanbing@jlu.edu.cn [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy (Jilin University), Changchun 130012 (China)

    2016-03-01

    Highlights: • A total of 60 isomers of C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} cations were obtained at density functional theory. • The stability and isomerization reactions of C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} isomers were performed. • The structures, frequencies, thermodynamic properties of isomers were summarized. • Ring to ring or chain isomerization pathways were investigated using IRC method. • Result shows reactions contain hydrogen transfer, bond broken and reconstruction. - Abstract: As a key polyatomic molecular cation that plays a pivotal role in growth of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenyl cation C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} exhibits various isomers and isomerization reactions. Investigation on the structure and stability of the isomers as well as the isomerization is important for better understanding the chemical reactions involving C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} cations. In this work, we have performed a theoretical study on the stability and isomerization reactions of C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} isomers at density functional theory B3LYP/6-311G (d, p) level. We have obtained a total of 60 isomers of C{sub 6}H{sub 5}{sup +} cations, most of which are reported for the first time. The geometries, vibrational frequencies, thermodynamic properties and stability of 28 out of 60 isomers have been summarized in detail. Different ring-to-ring and ring-to-chain isomerization pathways, which are connected via 28 transition states, have been investigated using the intrinsic reaction coordinate method. The results show that the isomerization reactions occur via hydrogen migration followed by bond-breaking and reconstruction.

  15. Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hollow nanospheres as anode material for enhanced performance in lithium ion batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sasidharan, Manickam [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga 840-8502 (Japan); Gunawardhana, Nanda [Advanced Research Center, Saga University, 1341 Yoga-machi, Saga 840-0047 (Japan); Yoshio, Masaki, E-mail: yoshio@cc.saga-u.ac.jp [Advanced Research Center, Saga University, 1341 Yoga-machi, Saga 840-0047 (Japan); Nakashima, Kenichi, E-mail: nakashik@cc.saga-u.ac.jp [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga 840-8502 (Japan)

    2012-09-15

    Graphical abstract: Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hollow nanosphere constructed electrode delivers high capacity of 172 mAh g{sup −1} after 250 cycles and maintains structural integrity and excellent cycling stability. Highlights: ► Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hollow nanospheres synthesis was synthesized by soft-template. ► Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hollow nanospheres were investigated as anode material in Li-ion battery. ► Nanostructured electrode delivers high capacity of 172 mAh g{sup −1} after 250 cycles. ► The electrode maintains the structural integrity and excellent cycling stability. ► Nanosized shell domain facilitates fast lithium intercalation/deintercalation. -- Abstract: Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hollow nanospheres of average diameter ca. ∼29 nm and hollow cavity size ca. 17 nm were synthesized using polymeric micelles with core–shell–corona architecture under mild conditions. The hollow particles were thoroughly characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal (TG/DTA) and nitrogen adsorption analyses. Thus obtained Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hollow nanospheres were investigated as anode materials for lithium ion rechargeable batteries for the first time. The nanostructured electrode delivers high capacity of 172 mAh g{sup −1} after 250 cycles of charge/discharge at a rate of 0.5 C. More importantly, the hollow particles based electrodes maintains the structural integrity and excellent cycling stability even after exposing to high current density 6.25 A g{sup −1}. The enhanced electrochemical behavior is ascribed to hollow cavity coupled with nanosized Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} shell domain that facilitates fast lithium intercalation/deintercalation kinetics.

  16. High-performance supercapacitors based on intertwined CNT/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanowire nanocomposites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Zheng; Shen, Meiqing [School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China); Augustyn, Veronica; Dunn, Bruce [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Wen, Jing; Zhang, Yuewei [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China); Lu, Yunfeng [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

    2011-02-08

    High-performance asymmetric super-capacitors containing thick-film electrodes (over 100 {mu}m thick) made of CNT/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanowire composite are designed. The excellent conductivity, high specific capacitance, and a large voltage window of the CNT/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocomposite enable the fabrication of devices with high energy and high power densities. Moreover, the resulting devices exhibit excellent cycling stability. This supercapacitor approach may be attractive for a wide range of device applications. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  17. Low cost AB{sub 5}-type hydrogen storage alloys for a nickel-metal hydride battery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang Lijun [General Res. Inst. for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (China); Zhan Feng [General Res. Inst. for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (China); Bao Deyou [General Res. Inst. for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (China); Qing Guangrong [General Res. Inst. for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (China); Li Yaoquan [General Res. Inst. for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (China); Wei Xiuying [General Res. Inst. for Non-Ferrous Metals, Beijing (China)

    1995-12-15

    The studies have been carried out on utilizing Ml(NiAl){sub 5}-based alloys as a low cost negative battery electrode. The replacement of nickel by copper improved the cycle lifetime to some extent without a decrease in capacity. Using Ml(NiAlCu){sub 5} alloys, hydrogen storage alloys with good overall characteristics and low cost were obtained through substituting cobalt or silicon for nickel. The discharge capacity was further increased by increasing the lanthanum content in lanthanum-rich mischmetal. (orig.)

  18. Site selective spectroscopy in BaYF{sub 5}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Sm) nano-glass–ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo, J. del, E-mail: fjvargas@ull.edu.es [Dpto. Física, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Yanes, A.C. [Dpto. Física, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Abe, S.; Smet, P.F. [LumiLab, Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S1, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Center for Nano- and Biophotonics (NB Photonics), Ghent University (Belgium)

    2015-06-25

    Highlights: • We obtained sol–gel transparent nGCs with Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}-doped cubic BaYF{sub 5} nanocrystals. • Eu{sup 3+}-doped BaYF{sub 5} NCs were prepared by solvothermal method. • Their luminescent properties were studied and compared with the Eu{sup 3+}-doped nGCs. • Eu{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} were used as probe ions in the nGCs to distinguish different environments. • The incorporation of a large fraction of RE ions into the BaYF{sub 5} NCs was confirmed. - Abstract: Trivalent rare-earth (RE = Eu, Sm) doped transparent nano-glass–ceramics comprising BaYF{sub 5} nanocrystals were successfully obtained by appropriate heat-treatment of the corresponding precursor sol–gel glasses. Their structural and spectroscopic properties were investigated and compared with those for Eu{sup 3+}-doped-BaYF{sub 5} nanocrystals prepared by a solvothermal method. X-ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy measurements confirmed the distribution of BaYF{sub 5} nanocrystals in the glass matrix, presenting a cubic phase structure with space group Fm-3m. In order to achieve a further structural characterization, the luminescence properties of the Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} dopants were also used as sensitive probes. The reduction in the emission intensities of hypersensitive transitions {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 9/2} for Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} ions respectively, along with time-resolved measurements, confirm the distribution of a significant fraction of RE ions into the fluoride nanocrystal environment. These results suggest that BaYF{sub 5} nano-glass–ceramics doped with Eu{sup 3+} or Sm{sup 3+} can be considered as potential red-emitting phosphors for the development of white LEDs under near UV excitation.

  19. Radiometric analysis of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in phosphorites from common radioactivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belyakov, M A; Anderzhanov, V N; Ermolaeva, G M [Gosudarstvennyj Nauchno-Issledovatel' skij Inst. Gornokhimicheskogo Syr' ya, Moscow (USSR)

    1983-01-01

    A radiometric analysis of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in phosphorites from natural radioactivity is described. A correlation between contents of phosphorus and uranium in phosphorites is a principle of the method. Potassium and thorium are interfering elements. Total radioactivity is proposed to be measured in the 0.1 to 0.6 MeV gamma radiation channel. Measurements in the channel provide a decrease in the potassium and thorium contributions to the total radioactivity, which increases an accuracy of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ quantitative determination.

  20. Production by thermo-mechanical process and stability in crude petroleum studies of Ba{sub 2}AlZrO{sub 5,5} ceramics; Producao por processo termo-mecanico e estudos de estabilidade em petroleo cru da ceramica Ba{sub 2}AlZrO{sub 5,5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yadava, Y.P.; Bezerra, L.P.; Ferreira, R.A.S., E-mail: yadava@ufpe.b [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica

    2010-07-01

    The necessity of developing technologies that makes possible the petroleum wells exploration is very important. Knowing that those are hostile environments is necessary ta find materials that are able to resist to those environment conditions. In this way we worked on the fabrication of ceramic embedding temperature sensors for petroleum industry. The present work looks for the fabrication of Ba{sub 2}AlZrO{sub 5,5} ceramic by thermo-mechanical process and the study of it's stability in crude petroleum. The Ba{sub 2}AlZrO{sub 5,5} was fabricated by thermo-mechanical process. The ceramic powder was calcined and then the granulometry was analyzed by laser. The samples were compacted, sintered and the microstructure and mechanical properties were characterized. The ceramic stability study in crude petroleum was done and the ceramic was analyzed by X-Ray diffraction and Vickers micro hardness The results shows that the ceramic is stable in crude petroleum. (author)

  1. Valence band electronic structure of Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 1.2}Se{sub 5} and Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5} superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohani, H. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Homi Bhabha National Institute, Training School Complex, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai 400085 (India); Mishra, P. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Goyal, R.; Awana, V.P.S. [National Physical Laboratory(CSIR), Dr. K. S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110012 (India); Sekhar, B.R., E-mail: sekhar@iopb.res.in [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Homi Bhabha National Institute, Training School Complex, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2017-03-15

    We present a comparative study of our valence band photoemission results on Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 1.2}Se{sub 5} and Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5} superconductors which are supported by our DFT based electronic structure calculations. We observe that the VB spectra of both the compounds are qualitatively similar, except for some slight differences in the binding energy positions of all the features. This could be due to the unequal electronegativities of Se and S atom. The calculated density of states (DOS) reveals that the VB features are mainly composed of Pd-Se/S hybridized states. The nature of DOS originating from the distinctly coordinated Pd atoms is different. Further, various Pd-4d and Nb-4d states crossing the Fermi level (E{sub f}) signifies the multiband character of these compounds. In addition, we find a temperature dependent pseudogap in Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5} which is absent in Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 1.2}Se{sub 5}.

  2. Hydrazinium(1+) hexafluorotitanate(IV), 2N[sub 2]H[sub 5][sup +]. TiF[sub 6][sup 2-]. [N[sub 2]H[sub 5]TiF[sub 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leban, I. (Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Univ. Ljubljana (Slovenia))

    1994-06-15

    The crystals exhibit racemic twinning. The structure consists of hydrazinium(1+), N[sub 2]H[sub 5][sup +], cations and usual octahedral hexafluorotitanate(IV) anions. They are linked together via hydrogen bonds of the types N-H..F and N-H..N. (orig.).

  3. Anisotropy of superconducting transformation in magnetic fields in Nd sub 1 sub . sub 8 sub 5 Ce sub 0 sub . sub 1 sub 5 CuO sub 4 monocrystal

    CERN Document Server

    Panova, G K; Chernoplekov, N A; Emelchenko, G A; Malyuk, A N; Lin, S T

    2002-01-01

    The anisotropy of the superconducting properties of the Nd sub 1 sub . sub 8 sub 5 Ce sub 0 sub . sub 1 sub 5 CuO sub 4 monocrystal is studied by resistance within the temperature range of 2-30 K in the 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 Tl magnetic fields in the a-b plane. The T sub c (H) and H sub c sub 2 (T) strong anisotropy was observed by the magnetic field different orientation in the a-b plane. The zero direction in the gap of the order parameter is determined. The analysis of the experimental data shows, that such a result may be related to the change in the symmetry in the copper atoms surrounding, leading to its reduction from the tetragonal to orthorhombic one in the low-temperature area. The comparison with the La sub 1 sub . sub 8 sub 5 Sr sub 0 sub . sub 1 sub 5 CuO sub 4 gives all grounds to suppose, that the superconductivity mechanism in the electron- and hole-doped superconductor is similar and the observed difference is connected with the structure peculiarities

  4. Separation of valence states in thin films with mixed V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and V{sub 7}O{sub 16} phases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huotari, J., E-mail: jonihuot@ee.oulu.fi [Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4500, FI-90014 Oulu (Finland); Cao, W. [Research Centre for Molecular Materials, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 Oulu (Finland); Niu, Y. [MAX-lab, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden); Lappalainen, J.; Puustinen, J. [Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4500, FI-90014 Oulu (Finland); Pankratov, V. [Research Centre for Molecular Materials, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 Oulu (Finland); Lloyd Spetz, A. [Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4500, FI-90014 Oulu (Finland); Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden); Huttula, M. [Research Centre for Molecular Materials, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 Oulu (Finland)

    2016-08-15

    Highlights: • Films have different XPS and NEXAFS spectra depending on the crystal structure. • Difference in oxygen vacancy concentration between the different films is identified. • Connection between high gas sensitivity and surface state of the films is revealed. - Abstract: Among the other applications, vanadium oxide thin films are considered to be excellent candidates for gas sensing. To understand the origins of the sensing capability, we carried out X-ray photoelectron and X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements to determinate the surface valence states of thin films with mixed V{sub 7}O{sub 16} and V{sub 2}O{sub 5} compounds. Thin films were fabricated by pulsed laser deposition, and the crystal structure and symmetry of the deposited films was studied using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. These results together with X-ray photoelectron and absorption spectra showed that the thin-film crystal structures varied between orthorhombic V{sub 2}O{sub 5} phase and another phase of triclinic V{sub 7}O{sub 16}. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to quantitatively confirm the high amount of V{sup 4+} ions on surfaces of the films, especially of films with V{sub 7}O{sub 16} phase present. This result was confirmed in the quantitative analysis of the V2p near-edge X-ray absorption spectra. Through the observed electronic structures, it was found that in addition to unique crystal structure and morphology, the enhanced gas sensitivity of these layers is attributed to the increase in the amount of surface oxygen vacancies.

  5. High-performance supercapacitors based on nanocomposites of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystals and carbon nanotubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Xiaolei; Chen, Zheng; Lu, Yunfeng [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Li, Ge [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai (China); Augustyn, Veronica; Dunn, Bruce [Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Ma, Xueming [Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai (China); Wang, Ge [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Beijing (China)

    2011-11-15

    Nanocomposites of CNTs and Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystals were fabricated exhibiting excellent conductivity, high specific capacitance, and large voltage window, which led to successful fabrication of asymmetric supercapacitors with high energy densities, power densities, and cycling stability. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  6. Ba/sub 2/Ge/sub 2/Te/sub 5/, a new telluridogermanate(III) with chain structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkmann, C; Eisenmann, B; Schaefer, H [Technische Hochschule Darmstadt (Germany, F.R.). Fachbereich Anorganische Chemie und Kernchemie

    1984-10-01

    The new compound Ba/sub 2/Ge/sub 2/Te/sub 5/ crystallizes in the orthorhombic system (space group: Pna2/sub 1/ (No. 33)). The lattice constants are given. In the structure distorted Ge/sub 2/Te/sub 6/-trigonal prisms are connected by common corners to infinite chains.

  7. Structural and optical properties of sol-gel deposited proton conducting Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozer, N.; Lampert, C.M.

    1995-08-01

    Proton conducting tantalum oxide films were deposited by spin coating using a sol-gel process. The coating solutions were prepared using Ta(OC{sub 2}H{sub 5}){sub 5} as a precursor. X-ray diffraction studies determined that the sol-gel films, heat treated at temperatures below 400 C, were amorphous. Films heat treated at higher temperatures were crystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}. The solar transmission values (T{sub s}) of tantala films on glass generally range from 0.8--0.9 depending on thickness. The refractive index and the extinction coefficient were evaluated from transmittance characteristics in the UV-VIS-NIR regions. The refractive index values calculated at 550 nm increased from 1.78 to 1.97 with increasing heat treatment from 150 to 450 C. The films heat treated at different temperatures showed low absorption with extinction coefficients of less than k=1x10{sup -3} in the visible range. Spectrophotometric and impedance spectroscopic investigations performed on Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films revealed that these films have protonic conductivity of 3.2x10{sup -6} S/cm. The films are suitable for proton conducting layers in electrochromic (EC) devices.

  8. Pressure-induced superconductivity of Ce{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}Ge{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakashima, M. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan) and Research Center for Materials Science at Extreme Conditions, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan)]. E-mail: mnaka@crystal.phys.sci.osaka-u.ac.jp; Kohara, H. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Thamizhavel, A. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Matsuda, T.D. [Advanced Science and Industrial Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Ibaraki, 319-1195 (Japan); Haga, Y. [Advanced Science and Industrial Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Ibaraki, 319-1195 (Japan); Hedo, M. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Uwatoko, Y. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Settai, R. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Onuki, Y. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)

    2006-05-01

    The Neel temperature of Ce{sub 2}Ni{sub 3}Ge{sub 5} decreases with increasing pressure P and becomes zero at a critical pressure P{sub c}{approx}4GPa. The heavy fermion state was found to be formed around P{sub c}, in which pressure region superconductivity was found below 0.26K.

  9. Master symmetry in the AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} pure spinor string

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandía, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales & Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); III, William Divine Linch [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy,Texas A& M University,College Station, TX 77843-4242 (United States); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Andres Bello,Sazie 2212, Santiago (Chile)

    2017-01-09

    We lift the set of classical non-local symmetries recently studied by Klose, Loebbert, and Münkler in the context of ℤ{sub 2} cosets to the pure spinor description of the superstring in the AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} background.

  10. Evaluation of {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I as a potential lung perfusion agent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miroslavov, Alexander E.; Gorshkov, Nikolay I.; Lumpov, Alexander L. [Division of Radiochemical Research, Khlopin Radium Institute, 2nd Murinskii pr. 28, 194021, St Petersburg (Russian Federation); Yalfimov, Anatoly N. [Nuclear Medicine Department, Central Research Institute of Roentgenology and Radiology, Leningradskaya str. 70/4, 197000, St Petersburg (Russian Federation); Suglobov, Dmitrii N. [Division of Radiochemical Research, Khlopin Radium Institute, 2nd Murinskii pr. 28, 194021, St Petersburg (Russian Federation); Ellis, Beverley L. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Manchester Royal Infirmary, M13 9WL Manchester (United Kingdom)], E-mail: bev.ellis@manchester.ac.uk; Braddock, Rattana; Smith, Anne-Marie [Imaging Science and Biomedical Engineering, School of Cancer and Imaging Science, Stopford Building, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT (United Kingdom); Prescott, Mary C.; Lawson, Richard S. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Manchester Royal Infirmary, M13 9WL Manchester (United Kingdom); Sharma, Harbans L. [Imaging Science and Biomedical Engineering, School of Cancer and Imaging Science, Stopford Building, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT (United Kingdom)

    2009-01-15

    Introduction: The use of {sup 99m}Tc-macroggregated albumin for lung perfusion imaging is well established in nuclear medicine. However, there have been safety concerns over the use of blood-derived products because of potential contamination by infective agents, for example, Variant Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease. Preliminary work has indicated that Tc(CO){sub 5}I is primarily taken up in the lungs following intravenous administration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I and its potential as a lung perfusion agent. Methods: {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I was synthesized by carbonylation of {sup 99m}TcO{sub 4-} at 160 atm of CO at 170 deg. C in the presence of HI for 40 min. Radiochemical purity was determined by HPLC using {sup 99}Tc(CO){sub 5}I as a reference. {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I was administered by ear-vein injection to three chinchilla rabbits, and dynamic images were acquired using a gamma camera (Siemens E-cam) over 20 min. Imaging studies were also performed with {sup 99m}Tc-labeled macroaggregated albumin ({sup 99m}Tc-MAA) and {sup 99m}TcO{sub 4-} for comparison. {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I was administered intravenously to Sprague-Dawley rats, and tissue distribution studies were obtained at 15 min and 1 h postinjection. Comparative studies were performed using {sup 99m}Tc-MAA. Results: Radiochemical purity, assessed by HPLC, was 98%. The retention time was similar to that of {sup 99}Tc(CO){sub 5}I. The dynamic images showed that 70% of {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I appeared promptly in the lungs and remained constant for at least 20 min. In contrast, {sup 99m}TcO{sub 4-} rapidly washed out of the lungs after administration. As expected {sup 99m}Tc-MAA showed 90% lung accumulation. The percentage of injected dose per gram of organ {+-}S.D. at 1 h for {sup 99m}Tc(CO){sub 5}I was as follows: blood, 0.22{+-}0.02; lung, 12.8{+-}2.87; liver, 0.8{+-}0.15; heart, 0.15{+-}0.01; kidney, 0.47{+-}0.08. The

  11. Highly anisotropic SmCo{sub 5} nanoflakes by surfactant-assisted ball milling at low temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Lidong; Zhang, Songlin [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315201 (China); Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315201 (China); Zhang, Jian, E-mail: zhangj@nimte.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315201 (China); Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315201 (China); Ping Liu, J. [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019 (United States); Xia, Weixing; Du, Juan; Yan, Aru [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315201 (China); Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315201 (China); Yi, Jianhong [Institute of Material Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500 (China); Li, Wei; Guo, Zhaohui [Division of Functional Materials, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (China)

    2015-01-15

    Surfactant-assisted ball milling (SABM) has been shown to be a promising method for preparing rare earth-transition metal (RE-TM) nanoflakes and nanoparticles. In this work, we prepared SmCo{sub 5} nanoflakes by SABM at low temperature, and 2-methyl pentane and trioctylamine were specially selected as solvent and surfactant, respectively, due to their low melting points. The effects of milling temperature on the morphology, microstructure and magnetic performance of SmCo{sub 5} nanoflakes were investigated systematically. Comparing with the samples milled at room temperature, the SmCo{sub 5} nanoflakes prepared at low temperature displayed more homogeneous morphology and lower oxygen content. Remarkably, better crystallinity, better grain alignment and larger remanence ratio were shown in the samples milled at low temperature, which resulted from the distinct microstructure caused by low milling temperature. The differences in structural evolution between the SmCo{sub 5} nanoflakes milled at room temperature and low temperature, including the formation of nanocrystalline, grain boundary sliding, grain rotation, et al., were discussed. It was found that lowering the temperature of SABM was a powerful method for the fabrication of RE-TM nanoflakes, which showed better hard magnetic properties and lower oxygen content. This was important for the preparation of high-performance sintered magnets, bonded magnets and nanocomposite magnets. - Highlights: • We prepare SmCo{sub 5} nanoflakes by surfactant-assisted ball milling at low temperature. • Better grain alignment and higher remanence ratio are achieved. • The oxygen content is reduced by lowering the milling temperature. • A distinct microstructural evolution caused by low milling temperature is clarified.

  12. Studies on Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce phosphors prepared by gel combustion using new fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muresan, L.E., E-mail: laura_muresan2003@yahoo.com [“Raluca Ripan” Institute for Research in Chemistry, Babeş Bolyai University, Fântânele 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Oprea, B.F.; Cadis, A.I.; Perhaita, I. [“Raluca Ripan” Institute for Research in Chemistry, Babeş Bolyai University, Fântânele 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Ponta, O. [Faculty of Physics, Babeş Bolyai University, 400084 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2014-12-05

    Highlights: • Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce was prepared by combustion using aspartic or glutamic acid as fuels. • Combustion process occurs differently depending on the fuels amount. • Single phase X2-Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} phosphors were obtained in fuel rich conditions. • PL measurements indicate that aspartic acid is a better fuel than glutamic. • Optimal preparative conditions were established for synthesis of Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce. - Abstract: Cerium activated yttrium silicate (Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce) phosphors were prepared by combustion, using yttrium–cerium nitrate as oxidizer, aspartic or glutamic acid as fuel and TEOS as source of silicon. In this study, aspartic and glutamic acid are used for the first time for the synthesis of Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce phosphors. The fuels molar amount was varied from 0.5 mol to 1.5 mol in order to reveal the thermal behavior of intermediary products (gels and ashes) same as the structural and luminescent characteristics of final products (phosphors). According to thermal analysis correlated with FTIR and XPS investigations, the combustion process occurs differently depending on the fuel amount; unreacted nitrate compounds have been identified in fuel lean conditions and carbonate based compounds along with organic residue in rich fuel conditions. The conversion to well crystallized silicates was revealed by changes of FTIR vibration bands and confirmed by XRD measurements. Based on luminescent spectra, aspartic acid is a better fuel than glutamic acid. A positive effect on the luminescence have been observed for samples fired in air due to complete remove of organic residue. The best luminescence was obtained for combustions with 0.75 mol aspartic acid and 1.25 mol glutamic respectively, fired at 1400 °C for 4 h in air atmosphere.

  13. Linear microstructural features in R{sub 5}(Si,Ge){sub 4}-type alloys: Difficulties in identification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chumbley, L.S. [Iowa State University, 214 Wilhelm, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Ames Laboratory, 126 Metals Development, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)], E-mail: chumbley@iastate.edu; Ugurlu, O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail stop G755, Los Alamos, NM 87544 (United States); McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Mudryk, Y. [Ames Laboratory, 126 Metals Development, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Gschneidner, K.A.; Pecharsky, V.K. [Iowa State University, 214 Wilhelm, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Ames Laboratory, 126 Metals Development, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)

    2008-02-15

    A brief review of the current literature concerning compounds based upon the R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} structure reveals that essentially all examined alloys contain 'linear features' similar to those first observed by Szade et al. on the surface of Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 4}, Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} samples. Attempts to characterize these features, using a variety of techniques, have proven to be a difficult task. Rather than becoming clearer and better understood, discrepancies in the reported data have resulted in much confusion. A series of comprehensive experiments involving optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, magnetization, and heat capacity measurements have been performed in an attempt to clarify the situation. These experiments, coupled with a critical examination of published data, allow certain misconceptions and apparent contradictions to be understood and explained. Of major importance is the discovery that the volume fraction of the linear feature present is far lower than what one may estimate on the basis of etched samples. The results of this study support previous data that show the linear features are a second phase of composition R{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 3}, and reveal the various difficulties associated with proper identification of this phase due to its small size scale and low volume percentage.

  14. New ETR 450/ETR 500 electric railcars for the FS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messerschmidt, W

    1986-04-01

    Also in Italy research and development projects are of eminent importance in present transport policies. The Italian State Railways (FS) and the industry are intensifying their development programmes especially in respect of high- speed travel, but the planners emphasize that priority must be given not only to propulsion technology but now more than ever to overall styling and design. Whereas the eleven-unit electric railcar ETR 450 now being built clearly shows its common ancestry with the smaller four-unit prototype ETR 401 (with coach-body tilt control), the ETR 500 super-train now taking shape in the design offices of the FS and the industry will have radically new aesthetics that show the influence of the automobile designer. At the FS the view is that there is a need to 'sell' not only technology but also the design creativity that can bring big returns in terms of public favour.

  15. Pretest analysis document for Test S-FS-6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shaw, R.A.; Hall, D.G.

    1985-05-01

    This report documents the pretest analyses completed for Semiscale Test S-FS-6. This test will simulate a transient initiated by a 100% break in a steam generator bottom feedwater line downstream of the check valve. The initial conditions represent normal operating conditions for a C-E System 80 nuclear power plant. Predictions of transients resulting from feedwater line breaks in these plants have indicated that significant primary system overpressurization may occur. The enclosed analyses include a RELAP5/MOD2/CY21 code calculation and preliminary results from a facility hot, integrated test which was conducted to near S-FS-6 specifications. The results of these analyses indicate that the test objectives for Test S-FS-6 can be achieved. The primary system overpressurization will pose no threat to personnel or plant integrity

  16. [fs-Lentotomy: presbyopia reversal by generating gliding planes inside the crystalline lens].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubatschowski, H; Schumacher, S; Wegener, A; Fromm, M; Oberheide, U; Hoffmann, H; Gerten, G

    2009-12-01

    Based on the Helmholtz theory for accommodation, increasing sclerosis of the lens nucleus and cortex is the main cause for the development of presbyopia. Existing therapies, however, do not reverse the stiffness of the crystalline lens and thus do not regain real accommodation ability. A new approach to restore the flexibility of the lens has been realised by utilising the non-linear interaction of ultrafast laser pulses with transparent tissue, the so-called photodisruption. This process has been used to create micro-incisions which act as gliding planes inside the crystalline lens without opening the eye globe. This treatment method, known as fs-lentotomy, enables regeneration of real dynamic accommodation. For the first time, 3D structures for gliding planes were successfully generated in experiments with human donor lenses of different ages. An average increase in anterior-posterior lens thickness of 100 mum accompanied by a decrease of equatorial lens diameter was observed as a direct consequence of fs-lentotomy. This is attributed to the increased flexibility, as the force of the capsule bag moulds the lens tissue more spherically. Moreover, in vivo experiments on rabbit eye lenses did not induce an increasing opacification (cataract) over a six-month follow-up period. However, the incisions were still detectable using Scheimpflug imaging and histopathological techniques, although the visibility of the incisions was declining. Furthermore, no side effects were observed during the wound healing process and during a six-months follow-up period. Based on these findings fs-lentotomy might have the potential to become a procedure for the reversal of presbyopia. Copyright Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart . New York.

  17. EST Table: FS926804 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS926804 E_FL_fwgP_17H18_F_0 10/09/28 58 %/249 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fwgP ...

  18. EST Table: FS800709 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS800709 E_FL_fmgV_04M06_F_0 10/09/28 57 %/262 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fmgV ...

  19. EST Table: FS807612 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS807612 E_FL_fmgV_24A09_F_0 10/09/28 57 %/266 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fmgV ...

  20. EST Table: FS806480 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS806480 E_FL_fmgV_20N06_F_0 10/09/28 57 %/259 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fmgV ...

  1. EST Table: FS804646 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS804646 E_FL_fmgV_15M02_F_0 10/09/28 54 %/215 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fmgV ...

  2. EST Table: FS804486 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS804486 E_FL_fmgV_15E24_F_0 10/09/28 53 %/199 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fmgV ...

  3. EST Table: FS933547 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS933547 E_FL_fwgP_37G10_F_0 10/09/28 56 %/205 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fwgP ...

  4. EST Table: FS921913 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS921913 E_FL_fwgP_03B17_F_0 10/09/28 54 %/215 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fwgP ...

  5. EST Table: FS810510 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS810510 E_FL_fmgV_32C08_F_0 10/09/28 57 %/259 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fmgV ...

  6. EST Table: FS937969 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS937969 E_FL_fwgP_50K04_F_0 10/09/28 56 %/264 aa ref|XP_001659582.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli...) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti... aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fwgP ...

  7. EST Table: FS930675 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS930675 E_FL_fwgP_28O10_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS935058 fwgP ...

  8. EST Table: FS935181 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS935181 E_FL_fwgP_42D15_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/118 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS935058 fwgP ...

  9. EST Table: FS930504 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS930504 E_FL_fwgP_28G04_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS935058 fwgP ...

  10. EST Table: FS938424 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS938424 E_FL_fwgP_51P06_F_0 10/09/28 39 %/128 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS935058 fwgP ...

  11. EST Table: FS924814 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS924814 E_FL_fwgP_11K20_F_0 10/09/28 39 %/114 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS935058 fwgP ...

  12. EST Table: FS938378 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS938378 E_FL_fwgP_51N02_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS935058 fwgP ...

  13. EST Table: FS933330 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS933330 E_FL_fwgP_36M07_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/103 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bo...mbyx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 n.h 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS930560 fwgP ...

  14. EST Table: FS737373 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS737373 E_FL_bmmt_08K06_R_0 10/09/28 37 %/161 aa ref|XP_002067709.1| GK12566 [Dros...ophila willistoni] gb|EDW78695.1| GK12566 [Drosophila willistoni] 10/09/03 37 %/161 aa FBpp0241709|DwilGK12566-PA 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS737272 bmmt ...

  15. EST Table: FS773973 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS773973 E_FL_fcaL_03D22_R_0 11/12/09 GO hit GO:0004872(receptor activity)|GO:00054...n#status:Confirmed#UniProt:Q27874#protein_id:CAA84 677.1 10/09/10 30 %/244 aa AGAP000815-PA Protein|X:149373...2 aa gi|189241337|ref|XP_969214.2| PREDICTED: similar to integrin beta subunit (AGAP000815-PA) [Tribolium castaneum] FS773973 fcaL ...

  16. High-pressure synthesis and crystal structures of the strontium oxogallates Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kahlenberg, Volker, E-mail: volker.kahlenberg@uibk.ac.at [Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, Innsbruck A-6020 (Austria); Goettgens, Valerie; Mair, Philipp; Schmidmair, Daniela [Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, Innsbruck A-6020 (Austria)

    2015-08-15

    High-pressure synthesis experiments in a piston–cylinder apparatus at 1.5 GPa/3.0 GPa and 1000 °C resulted in the formation of single-crystals of Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14}, respectively. The structures of both compounds have been solved from single-crystal diffraction data sets using direct methods. The first compound is orthorhombic with space group type Pbca (a=10.0021(4) Å, b=9.601(4) Å, c=10.6700(4) Å, V=1024.6(4) Å{sup 3}, M{sub r}=394.68 u, Z=8, D{sub x}=5.12 g/cm{sup 3}) and belongs to the group of single layer gallates. Individual sheets are parallel to (0 0 1) and can be built from the condensation of unbranched vierer single chains running along [0 1 0]. The layers are characterized by the presence of four- and strongly elliptical eight-membered rings of corner connected tetrahedra in UUDD and UUUUDDDD conformation. Strontium atoms are sandwiched between the tetrahedral layers for charge compensation and are coordinated by six and seven oxygen ligands, respectively. Sr{sub 2}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5} is isotypic with several other double sulfides and selenides. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first example of an oxide with this structure type. From a structural point of view, Sr{sub 5}Ga{sub 6}O{sub 14} is a phyllogallate as well. The crystal structure adopts the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c (a=8.1426(3) Å, b=8.1803(3) Å, c=10.8755(4) Å, β=91.970(4)° V=723.98(5) Å{sup 3}, M{sub r}=1080.42 u, Z=2, D{sub x}=4.96 g/cm{sup 3}). Individual sheets extend along (0 0 1). Basic building units are unbranched dreier single chains parallel to [1 0 0]. The layers contain tertiary (Q{sup 3}) und quaternary (Q{sup 4}) connected [GaO{sub 4}]-tetrahedra in the ratio 2:1 resulting in a Ga:O ratio of 3:7 and the formation of exclusively five-membered rings. Linkage between adjacent tetrahedral sheets is provided by three symmetrically independent strontium ions which are surrounded by six to eight oxygen atoms. The layers

  17. Luminescent and scintillation properties of Bi{sup 3+} doped Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} and Lu{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} single crystalline films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zorenko, Yu., E-mail: zorenko@ukw.edu.pl [Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, 85-090 Bydgoszcz (Poland); Gorbenko, V.; Zorenko, T. [Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, 85-090 Bydgoszcz (Poland); Laboratory for Optoelectronic Materials (LOM), Department of Electronics of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 79017 Lviv (Ukraine); Malinowski, P. [Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, 85-090 Bydgoszcz (Poland); Jary, V.; Kucerkova, R.; Beitlerova, A.; Mares, J.A.; Nikl, M. [Institute of Physics AS CR, Cukrovarnicka 10, 16253 Prague (Czech Republic); Fedorov, A. [Institute for Single Crystals NAS of Ukraine, 60 Lenin ave., 61001 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

    2014-10-15

    In this paper we report our follow-up research on the Bi{sup 3+} luminescence in orthosilicate compounds, focusing on absorption, luminescent and scintillation properties of YSO:Bi and LSO:Bi SCFs with the Bi concentration ranging from 0.05 to 0.18 at%. For purpose of this research, single crystalline films (SCF) of Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Bi and Lu{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Bi have been grown by the LPE method onto YSO and LSO substrates from the melt-solution based on Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} flux. - Highlights: • YSO:Bi and LSO:Bi films have been grown by liquid phase epitaxy. • Bi{sup 3+} absorption and luminescence depends on Bi concentration. • Scintillation properties of YSO:Bi and LSO:Bi films have been studied.

  18. X-ray crystal and molecular structure of (eta/sup 5/C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)UCl/sub 3/. 2PPh/sub 3/O thf: trichloro (eta/sup 5/cyclopentadienyl)bis(triphenylphosphine oxide) uranium(IV). thf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bombieri, G; De Paoli, G [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Padua (Italy). Lab. di Chimica e Tecnologia dei Radioelementi; Del Pra, A; Bagnall, K W

    1978-01-01

    Following reports of the preparation of (eta/sup 5/C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)UCl/sub 3/.xL (x = 1, L = dimethoxyethane and x = 2, L = tetrahydrofuran (thf), a series of analogous oxygen-donor complexes were isolated. This paper describes the crystal and molecular structure of one of them, ((eta/sup 5/C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)UCl/sub 3/.2PPh/sub 3/O)thf.

  19. Effect of the reaction time on the microstructure and porous texture of carbon materials obtained by chlorination of Ti(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})Cl{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo-Pérez, D.J. [Centro de Investigación en Micro y Nanotecnología, Universidad Veracruzana, 94294, Boca del Río, Veracruz (Mexico); González-García, P., E-mail: pedro.gonzalez@cidesi.edu.mx [CONACYT Research Fellow – Centro de Ingeniería y Desarrollo Industrial, 76130, Querétaro, Querétaro (Mexico); Poisot, M. [Instituto de Química Aplicada, Universidad del Papaloapan, 68301, San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, Oaxaca (Mexico); García-González, L. [Centro de Investigación en Micro y Nanotecnología, Universidad Veracruzana, 94294, Boca del Río, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    Carbon materials have been obtained by the chlorination reaction of Ti(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})Cl{sub 2} at 900 °C, varying the reaction time at 30, 60, 90 and 120 min. The average microstructure, studied by X ray powder diffraction, suggest that these materials consist mainly of disordered carbon with low graphitization degree (from 13.5 to 16.5%). These results are in agreement with the Raman data since the D band (at ≈ 1350 cm{sup −1}) indicates that disordered carbon networks have appeared. The calculated in-plane correlation length increases from 4.04 to 4.70 nm as the chlorination time increases from 30 to 120 min. The textural analyses reveal adsorption isotherms type 1 with hysteresis H4, microporous areas as high as 855 m{sup 2}/g and pore volume of 0.55 cm{sup 3}/g. Additionally, an important contribution of mesoporosity, around 3.6 nm, was also detected. - Highlights: • Micro-mesoporous carbon materials were obtained by chlorination of Ti(C{sub 5}H{sub 5}){sub 2}Cl{sub 2} at 900 °C. • The effect of chlorination exposure time on the microstructure and textural properties was studied. • Microstructural analysis by XRD and Raman showed that carbon samples are mainly disordered. • N{sub 2} adsorption/desorption isotherms showed isotherms type 1 with hysteresis H4. • Micropore size increases at longer chlorination time; in contrast, pore volume decreases.

  20. In search of zero thermal expansion anisotropy in Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} by strategic alloying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dharmawardhana, C.C., E-mail: ccdxz8@mail.umkc.edu; Sakidja, R., E-mail: sakidjar@umkc.edu; Aryal, S.; Ching, W.Y.

    2015-01-25

    Highlights: • For the first time, theoretical prediction of achieving isotropic thermal expansion anisotropy (TEA) for T1 phase Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} by alloying with a mere 17.5% Al substitution on the Si sites. Most effective alloying proposed for the said system up to date. • The theoretical approach is verified by simulating the experimentally observed unusual TEA behaviour for (Mo,V){sub 5}Si{sub 3} alloys as a function of percent alloying. • The 2nd order and 3rd order elastic constants we explain the origin of the TEA in T1 phase for Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} system and how Al effect in reducing the TEA. • We use directional dependent phonon density of state, a novel approach, to identify the origin of the anisotropy and show this method of analysis could be used for other intermetallic alloys as well. - Abstract: Reducing the thermal expansion anisotropy (TEA) of alloy compounds is one of the most important issues for their potential applications in high temperature environment. The Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} (T1 phase) is known to be an important intermetallic compound with high melting temperature. Unfortunately, its large TEA renders it unsuitable for high temperature structural/coating applications. Many attempts have been made in the past to reduce TEA by substituting Mo by other transition metal ions such as V with little success and some unexpected observations. Here we use accurate ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations to obtain the TEA from thermal expansion coefficients for two T1 phase alloy systems (Mo,V){sub 5}Si{sub 3} and Mo{sub 5}(Si,Al){sub 3}. We demonstrate that strategic alloying with Al substituting Si can achieve zero TEA for T1 phase. The microscopic origin of this outstanding thermomechanical properties in this alloy is explained by the calculation of higher order elastic constants in conjunction with atom and direction-resolved phonon density of states.

  1. Study on the thermoluminescent properties of K{sub 2}YF{sub 5} and K{sub 2}GdF{sub 5} crystals doped with optically active trivalent ions for gamma and neutrons dosimetry; Estudo das propriedades termoluminescentes de cristais de K{sub 2}YF{sub 5} e K{sub 2}GdF{sub 5} dopados com ions trivalentes opticamente ativos para dosimetria gama e de neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Edna Carla da

    2008-07-01

    In this work, the thermoluminescent (TL) properties of both double potassium yttrium fluoride (K{sub 2}YF{sub 5}) and double potassium gadolinium fluoride (K{sub 2}GdF{sub 5}) crystals doped with optically active rare earth ions were investigated from the point of view of gamma and neutron dosimetry. Crystalline platelets with thickness of about 1 mm, synthesized under hydrothermal conditions, were irradiated in order to study TL sensitivity, as well as dose and energy response, reproducibility and fading, in terms of Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, e Pr{sup 3+} concentrations. The K{sub 2}YF{sub 5} crystals doped with 1.0 at por cent Dy{sup 3+} have been found to have an excellent linear TL response to X and gamma photons, in the range of 0.01 to 10 mGy. The TL output is comparable to that of CaS0{sub 4}:Mn dosemeters. The main peak at 130 deg C has been found to have a TL response for 41.1 keV X-ray energy 32 times higher than that for 662 keV gamma rays. This fact points out that the K{sub 2}Y{sub 0.99}Dy{sub 0.01}F{sub 5} crystals have great potential for X-rays diagnostic and/or industrial radiography. On the other hand, the K{sub 2}GdF{sub 5} crystals doped with 5.0 at por cent Dy{sup 3+} have been found to have the better TL response for gamma and fast neutron radiation, among the dopants studied. For gamma fields the TL response was linear for doses ranging from 0.1 to 200 mGy. The TL peak around 200 deg C can be deconvoluted into four individual peaks, all of them with linear behavior. For fast neutron radiation produced by an {sup 241}Am{sub B}e source, the TL responses for doses ranging from 0.6 to 12 mSv were also linear and comparable to that of commercial TLD-600, irradiated at same conditions. The TL emission due to neutrons was in the high temperature range, above 200 deg C. These results points out that K{sub 2}Gd{sub 0.95}Dy{sub 0.05}F{sub 5} crystals are good candidates for use in neutron dosimetry applications. (author)

  2. On tungstates of divalent cations (I). Structural investigation and spectroscopic properties of Sr{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}] and Ba{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jantz, Stephan G.; Dialer, Marwin; Hoeppe, Henning A. [Lehrstuhl fuer Festkoerperchemie, Universitaet Augsburg (Germany); Pielnhofer, Florian [Abteilung Nanochemie, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2017-12-13

    The crystal structures of Sr{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}] [Pna2{sub 1}, a = 7.2457(3) Aa, b = 10.8867(5) Aa, c = 5.5391(3) Aa, Z = 4, R{sub int} = 0.0671, R{sub 1} = 0.0495, wR{sub 2} = 0.0462] and Ba{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}] [Pnma, a = 7.3828(2) Aa, b = 5.71420(10) Aa, c = 11.4701(3) Aa, Z = 4, R{sub int} = 0.0294, R{sub 1} = 0.0146, wR{sub 2} = 0.0284] are revised, based on single-crystal XRD data. Furthermore spectroscopic data (infrared, Raman, and UV/Vis) assisted by DFT calculations are discussed and first results on the luminescence properties of Sr{sub 2}[WO{sub 5}]:Eu{sup 3+} are presented. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. LiCa{sub 3}Si{sub 2}N{sub 5} - A Lithium nitridosilicate with a [Si{sub 2}N{sub 5}]{sup 7-} double-chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lupart, Saskia; Schnick, Wolfgang [Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl fuer Anorganische Festkoerperchemie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (Germany)

    2012-10-15

    The lithium nitridosilicate LiCa{sub 3}Si{sub 2}N{sub 5} was synthesized by the reaction of calcium with Si(NH){sub 2} and Li{sub 3}N in weld shut tantalum ampoules at 900 C. The structure of LiCa{sub 3}Si{sub 2}N{sub 5} [space group C2/c, no. 15, a = 5.1454(10), b = 20.380(4), c = 10.357(2) Aa, β = 91.24(3) , wR{sub 2} = 0.1084, 863 data, 102 parameters] consists of [Si{sub 2}N{sub 5}]{sup 7-} double-chains including edge-sharing tetrahedra. The lithium atoms in the crystal structure are situated in strands along the crystallographic b axis. Lattice energy calculations (MAPLE) and EDX measurements confirmed the electrostatic bonding interactions and the chemical composition. The {sup 29}Si and {sup 7}Li solid-state MAS NMR spectroscopic investigations are reported. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Preparation of ultrafine iron particles by chemical vapor deposition of Fe(CO) sub 5. Fe(CO) sub 5 wo gebryo to suru kiso kagaku hanno ni yoru tetsuchobiryushi no seisei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawada, Y; Kageyama, Y. (Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)): Iwata, M. (Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1991-11-10

    An ultrafine iron particle preparing process was developed, which wses gaseous phase pyrolysis in magnetic field of iron pentacarbonyl, Fe(CO){sub 5}, based on the fact that Fe(CO){sub 5} has peculiar characters that its boiling point is as low as 103{degree}C, and starts decomposing in a low temperature zone of 100{degree}C or lower. Vaporizing and introducing into a reactor an fe(CO){sub 5}, andPyrolyzing it at 200-600{degree}C while being diluted with nitrogen and applied with a magnetic field produced uitrafine iron particles of a necklace-like chain comprisinh primary particles having diameter of 15 to 25 nm with 10 to 40 of them linked in a straight chain. It was found that the specific surface area is 30-50 m{sup 2}/g, with the diameter converted from the specific surface area being relatively close to the average diameter obtained from TEM photograph, and that the particle has few pores. Magnetically the iron powder has a coercivity of 123-131 KA/m and a specific saturation magnetization of 120-140 Am{sup 2}/kg, and is expected to be applied as a high density magnetic recording medium. 5 refs.,8 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Design and implementation of a fs-resolved transmission electron microscope based on thermionic gun technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piazza, L., E-mail: luca.piazza@epfl.ch [Laboratory for Ultrafast Microscopy and Electron Scattering (LUMES), ICMP, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Masiel, D.J. [Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Inc., 455 Bolero Drive, Danville, CA 94526 (United States); LaGrange, T.; Reed, B.W. [Condensed Matter and Materials Division Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, L-356, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Barwick, B. [Department of Physics, Trinity College, 300 Summit St., Hartford, CT 06106 (United States); Carbone, Fabrizio [Laboratory for Ultrafast Microscopy and Electron Scattering (LUMES), ICMP, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2013-09-23

    Highlights: • We present the implementation of a femtosecond-resolved ultrafast TEM. • This is the first ultrafast TEM based on a thermionic gun geometry. • An additional condenser lens has been used to maximize the electron count. • We achieved a time resolution of about 300 fs and an energy resolution of 1 eV. - Abstract: In this paper, the design and implementation of a femtosecond-resolved ultrafast transmission electron microscope is presented, based on a thermionic gun geometry. Utilizing an additional magnetic lens between the electron acceleration and the nominal condenser lens system, a larger percentage of the electrons created at the cathode are delivered to the specimen without degrading temporal, spatial and energy resolution significantly, while at the same time maintaining the femtosecond temporal resolution. Using the photon-induced near field electron microscopy effect (PINEM) on silver nanowires the cross-correlation between the light and electron pulses was measured, showing the impact of the gun settings and initiating laser pulse duration on the electron bunch properties. Tuneable electron pulses between 300 fs and several ps can be obtained, and an overall energy resolution around 1 eV was achieved.

  6. Diffraction of white-light supercontinuum by femtosecond laser-induced transient grating in carbon bisulfide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Huang; Yan-Qiang, Yang; Ying-Hui, Wang; Zhi-Ren, Zheng; Wen-Hui, Su

    2010-01-01

    Experiments on fs laser-induced transient grating (LITG) in carbon bisulfide (CS 2 ) are carried out to explore the chirp characteristics of a white-light supercontinuum (SC) generated by a 800-nm, 160-fs laser pulse in a 4-mm thick Al 2 O 3 crystal. Two orders of diffraction signals of SC by fs LITG in CS 2 are observed, demonstrating that both the third-order process and the fifth-order process are present simultaneously. The experimental results also imply that the formation of an fs transient refractive-index grating in CS 2 is mainly due to the electronic polarization process. (classical areas of phenomenology)

  7. Cascaded quadratic soliton compression of high-power femtosecond fiber lasers in Lithium Niobate crystals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bache, Morten; Moses, Jeffrey; Wise, Frank W.

    2008-01-01

    The output of a high-power femtosecond fiber laser is typically 300 fs with a wavelength around $\\lambda=1030-1060$ nm. Our numerical simulations show that cascaded quadratic soliton compression in bulk LiNbO$_3$ can compress such pulses to below 100 fs.......The output of a high-power femtosecond fiber laser is typically 300 fs with a wavelength around $\\lambda=1030-1060$ nm. Our numerical simulations show that cascaded quadratic soliton compression in bulk LiNbO$_3$ can compress such pulses to below 100 fs....

  8. Monolithic Hybrid and Passive Mode-Locked 40GHz Quantum Dot Laser Diodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, M. G.; Larsson, David; Rae, A. R.

    2006-01-01

    For the first time hybrid and passive mode-locking jitter performance is investigated in 40GHz quantum-dot mode-locked lasers. Record low passive mode-locking jitter of 219fs is presented, along with promising hybrid mode-locking results of 124fs.......For the first time hybrid and passive mode-locking jitter performance is investigated in 40GHz quantum-dot mode-locked lasers. Record low passive mode-locking jitter of 219fs is presented, along with promising hybrid mode-locking results of 124fs....

  9. Structural and magnetic studies on spark plasma sintered SmCo{sub 5}/Fe bulk nanocomposite magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rama Rao, N.V. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad 500 058 (India); Gopalan, R. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad 500 058 (India)]. E-mail: rg_gopy@yahoo.com; Manivel Raja, M. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad 500 058 (India); Chandrasekaran, V. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad 500 058 (India); Chakravarty, D. [International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Hyderabad 500 005 (India); Sundaresan, R. [International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Hyderabad 500 005 (India); Ranganathan, R. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata 700 064 (India); Hono, K. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305 0047 (Japan)

    2007-05-15

    SmCo{sub 5}+xwt% Fe (x=0, 5 and 10) nanocomposite powders were synthesized by mechanical milling and were consolidated into bulk shape by spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. The evolution of structure and magnetic properties were systematically investigated in milled powders as well as in SPS samples. A maximum coercivity of 8.9kOe was achieved in spark plasma sintered SmCo{sub 5}+5wt% Fe sample. The exchange spring interaction between the hard and soft magnetic phases was evaluated using {delta}M-H measurements and the analysis revealed that the SPS sample containing 5wt% Fe had a stronger exchange coupling between the magnetic phases than that of the sample with10wt% Fe.

  10. Thermoelectric properties of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films deposited by thermal evaporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, R.; Loureiro, J., E-mail: joa.loureiro@gmail.com; Nogueira, A.; Elangovan, E.; Pinto, J.V.; Veiga, J.P.; Busani, T.; Fortunato, E.; Martins, R.; Ferreira, I., E-mail: imf@fct.unl.pt

    2013-10-01

    This work reports the structural, optical, electrical and thermoelectric properties of vanadium pentoxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) thin films deposited at room temperature by thermal evaporation on Corning glass substrates. A post-deposition thermal treatment up to 973 K under atmospheric conditions induces the crystallization of the as-deposited amorphous films with an orthorhombic V{sub 2}O{sub 5} phase with grain sizes around 26 nm. As the annealing temperature rises up to 773 K the electrical conductivity increases. The films exhibit thermoelectric properties with a maximum Seebeck coefficient of −218 μV/K and electrical conductivity of 5.5 (Ω m){sup −1}. All the films show NIR-Vis optical transmittance above 60% and optical band gap of 2.8 eV.

  11. Growth and characterization of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods deposited by spray pyrolysis at low temperatures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abd-Alghafour, N. M., E-mail: na2013bil@gmail.com; Ahmed, Naser M., E-mail: nas-tiji@yahoo.com; Hassan, Zai. [Iraqi Ministry of Education, Anbar-Iraq (Iraq); Mohammad, Sabah M. [Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory School of Physics, university sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang (Malaysia); Bououdina, M. [Nanotechnology Centre, University of Bahrain, PO Box 32038, Kingdom of Bahrain Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Bahrain, PO Box 32038, Kingdom of Bahrain, Iraqi Ministry of Education (Bahrain)

    2016-07-06

    Vanadium pentoxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanorods were deposited by spray pyrolysis on preheated glass substrates at low temperatures. The influence of substrate temperature on the crystallization of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} has been investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) revealed that the films deposited at T{sub sub} = 300°C were orthorhombic structures with preferential along (001) direction. Formation of nanorods from substrate surface which led to the formation of films with small-sized and rod-shaped nanostructure is observed by field scanning electron microscopy. Optical transmittance in the visible range increases to reach a maximum value of about 80% for a substrate temperature of 350°C. PL spectra reveal one main broad peak centered around 540 nm with high intensity.

  12. Influence of Sm{sup 3+} substitution on the mutiferroic effect in NdCrTiO{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qian, X.L., E-mail: xiaolongqian@shu.edu.cn [Materials Genome Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Fang, Y.F.; Kang, J.; Cao, S.X. [Materials Genome Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Zhang, J.C., E-mail: jczhang@shu.edu.cn [Materials Genome Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)

    2016-08-15

    The effects of Sm{sup 3+} substitution on the magnetic and electric properties of NdCrTiO{sub 5} are investigated by magnetization and polarization measurements. X-ray diffraction patterns confirm that our samples are single phase with an orthorhombic crystal structure in the space group of Pbam. The DC magnetization study at an external field of 0.1 T reveals the variation of the anti-ferromagnetic transition temperature. The disappearance of the ferroelectricity–paraelectricity phase transition in Nd{sub 0.5}Sm{sub 0.5}CrTiO{sub 5} indicates the suppression on the linear magnetoelectric coupling by Sm{sup 3+}. The disparate 3d−4f interactions between Sm and Cr potentially affect the mutiferroic effect in this system.

  13. EST Table: FS891321 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available /28 46 %/153 aa ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium c...86783|ref|XP_973163.1| PREDICTED: similar to jumping translocation breakpoint protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS891321 ftes ...

  14. EST Table: FS768084 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39285.1| xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Aede... 57 %/201 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fcaL ...

  15. EST Table: FS841713 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/10 53 %/160 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fner ...

  16. EST Table: FS805970 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase app(e.coli) [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/09 47 %/178 aa FBpp0123641|DanaGF20449-...PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase app(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS727105 fmgV ...

  17. EST Table: FS880151 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to DNA mismatch repair protein pms2 [Acyrthosiphon pisum] 10/09/11 63 %/127 aa FBpp0252351|DwilGK23208-PA 1...aa gi|91079030|ref|XP_974934.1| PREDICTED: similar to DNA mismatch repair protein pms2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS880151 ftes ...

  18. EST Table: FS869999 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS869999 E_FL_fner_41G01_R_0 10/09/28 90 %/258 aa ref|NP_001037132.1| ribosomal pro...6-PB 10/08/29 38 %/244 aa R151.3#CE00744#WBGene00004417#locus:rpl-6#Ribosomal protein ML16#status:Confirmed#UniProt:P4799

  19. EST Table: FS799999 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS799999 E_FL_fmgV_02M15_F_0 10/09/28 100 %/197 aa ref|NP_001036966.1| lipase-1 [Bo...mbyx mori] dbj|BAC00960.1| lipase-1 [Bombyx mori] gb|AAZ66799.1| lipase [Samia cynthia ricini] gb|ABB90967.1

  20. EST Table: FS789999 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS789999 E_FL_ffbm_02F05_F_0 10/09/28 42 %/246 aa ref|XP_971541.1| PREDICTED: simil...ar to AGAP008392-PA [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EFA09946.1| hypothetical protein TcasGA2_TC012099 [Tribolium ca

  1. EST Table: FS911502 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available eritance modifier 19 [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS39679.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance...FS911502 E_FL_fufe_23G14_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 35 %/234 aa ref|XP_001842174.1| sensitized chromosome inh

  2. EST Table: FS914945 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS914945 E_FL_fufe_33M09_F_0 10/09/28 36 %/210 aa ref|XP_001842174.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance... modifier 19 [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS39679.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance m

  3. EST Table: FS918359 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS918359 E_FL_fufe_44C07_F_0 10/09/28 37 %/227 aa ref|XP_001842174.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance... modifier 19 [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS39679.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance m

  4. EST Table: FS758989 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS758989 E_FL_fcaL_09P10_F_0 10/09/28 34 %/195 aa ref|XP_001842174.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance... modifier 19 [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS39679.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance m

  5. EST Table: FS758854 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS758854 E_FL_fcaL_09I20_F_0 10/09/28 35 %/195 aa ref|XP_001842174.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance... modifier 19 [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS39679.1| sensitized chromosome inheritance m

  6. EST Table: FS853636 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS853636 E_FL_fner_46O23_F_0 10/09/28 50 %/122 aa gb|EFA10616.1| hypothetical prote...GAP010623-PA Protein|3L:7358821:7360505:1|gene:AGAP010623 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 50 %/122 aa gi|2700

  7. EST Table: FS849735 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available acetyltransferase [Periplaneta americana] 10/09/11 34 %/218 aa FBpp0169479|DmojGI20262-PA 10/08/29 n.h 10/09...FS849735 E_FL_fner_35N12_F_0 10/09/28 33 %/215 aa dbj|BAC87874.1| arylalkylamine N-

  8. EST Table: FS839039 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS839039 E_FL_fner_05J12_F_0 10/09/28 57 %/212 aa gb|ADE18444.1| cytochrome c oxida...se subunit I [Bombyx mori] 10/09/10 50 %/212 aa FBpp0100176|mt:CoI-PA 10/08/29 39 %/207 aa MTCE.26#CE35350#W

  9. EST Table: FS884513 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS884513 E_FL_ftes_30F14_F_0 10/09/28 31 %/166 aa ref|XP_002572677.1| nuclear movement... protein related [Schistosoma mansoni] emb|CAZ28909.1| nuclear movement protein related [Schistosoma mans

  10. EST Table: FS871051 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available aa ref|NP_001139536.1| mortality factor 4-like [Bombyx mori] gb|ABJ99463.1| mrg15-like protein [Bombyx mori...FS871051 E_FL_fner_44F14_R_0 11/12/09 GO hit GO:0005634(nucleus) 10/09/28 100 %/257

  11. Multi-Robot Remote Interaction with FS-MAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunliang Jiang

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The need to reduce bandwidth, improve productivity, autonomy and the scalability in multi-robot teleoperation has been recognized for a long time. In this article we propose a novel finite state machine mobile agent based on the network interaction service model, namely FS-MAS. This model consists of three finite state machines, namely the Finite State Mobile Agent (FS-Agent, which is the basic service module. The Service Content Finite State Machine (Content-FS, using the XML language to define workflow, to describe service content and service computation process. The Mobile Agent computation model Finite State Machine (MACM-FS, used to describe the service implementation. Finally, we apply this service model to the multi-robot system, the initial realization completing complex tasks in the form of multi-robot scheduling. This demonstrates that the robot has greatly improved intelligence, and provides a wide solution space for critical issues such as task division, rational and efficient use of resource and multi-robot collaboration.

  12. Assessment of different topographic corrections in AWiFS satellite ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment, Defence Research and Development Organisation,. Chandigarh 160 ... IRS P6 satellite images and the qualitative and quantitative comparative analysis in detail. Both .... Top: AWiFS satellite image of Western Himalaya and bottom: zoom image of the study area shown with white.

  13. EST Table: FS827794 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS827794 E_FL_fmgV_27G02_R_0 10/09/28 42 %/239 aa ref|XP_002092266.1| GE14094 [Dros...ophila yakuba] gb|EDW91978.1| GE14094 [Drosophila yakuba] 10/09/10 42 %/239 aa FBpp0259104|DyakGE14094-PA 10

  14. EST Table: FS911308 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS911308 E_FL_fufe_22N11_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 53 %/286 aa ref|XP_002092266.1| GE14...094 [Drosophila yakuba] gb|EDW91978.1| GE14094 [Drosophila yakuba] 10/09/12 53 %/286 aa FBpp0259104|DyakGE14

  15. EST Table: FS819070 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1|gene:AGAP012772 10/09/10 47 %/123 aa gnl|Amel|GB30341-PA 10/09/10 47 %/123 aa gi|91086723|ref|XP_970869.1|... PREDICTED: similar to fear-of-intimacy CG6817-PA [Tribolium castaneum] FS825450 fmgV ...

  16. EST Table: FS772438 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 0040007(growth) 10/09/28 30 %/138 aa ref|XP_966819.1| PREDICTED: similar to myostatin [Tribolium castaneum] ... 30 %/138 aa gi|91085397|ref|XP_966819.1| PREDICTED: similar to myostatin [Tribolium castaneum] FS772438 fcaL ...

  17. EST Table: FS920740 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS920740 E_FL_fufe_51G05_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/209 aa ref|XP_001867321.1| partner of drosha... [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS44779.1| partner of drosha [Culex quinquefasciatus] 10/09/13 39 %/204 aa

  18. EST Table: FS846041 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS846041 E_FL_fner_25G13_F_0 10/09/28 50 %/132 aa ref|XP_001606590.1| PREDICTED: similar to glucocerebro...el|GB10584-PA 10/09/10 47 %/138 aa gi|91087383|ref|XP_975651.1| PREDICTED: similar to Glucosylceramidase precursor (Beta-glucocerebro

  19. EST Table: FS840242 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available l|Amel|GB10584-PA 10/09/10 47 %/128 aa gi|91087383|ref|XP_975651.1| PREDICTED: similar to Glucosylceramidase precursor (Beta-glucocer...ebrosidase) (Acid beta-glucosidase) (D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine glucohydrolase) [Tribolium castaneum] FS796494 fner ...

  20. EST Table: FS796494 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 38 aa ref|XP_001945612.1| PREDICTED: similar to glucocerebrosidase, partial [Acyr...9/10 42 %/261 aa gi|91087345|ref|XP_975608.1| PREDICTED: similar to putative lysosomal glucocerebrosidase [Tribolium castaneum] FS796494 ffbm ...

  1. EST Table: FS928371 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS928371 E_FL_fwgP_22B11_F_0 10/09/28 87 %/119 aa ref|XP_975463.1| PREDICTED: similar to rasputin...066-PA 10/09/10 87 %/119 aa gi|91076984|ref|XP_975463.1| PREDICTED: similar to rasputin CG9412-PB [Tribolium castaneum] CK541017 fwgP ...

  2. EST Table: FS773562 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available /09/28 91 %/214 aa ref|NP_001036831.1| saposin-related [Bombyx mori] dbj|BAA23126.1| BmP109 [Bombyx mori] 10...0 38 %/197 aa gi|91077504|ref|XP_966852.1| PREDICTED: similar to saposin isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS773562 fcaL ...

  3. EST Table: FS891235 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS891235 E_FL_ftes_02B20_R_0 11/12/09 GO hit GO:0003779(actin binding)|GO:0007010(cytoskeleton... organization)|GO:0015629(actin cytoskeleton)|GO:0030036(actin cytoskeleton organization) 10/09/2

  4. EST Table: FS920967 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS920967 E_FL_fufe_52E08_F_0 10/09/28 83 %/296 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09

  5. EST Table: FS910029 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS910029 E_FL_fufe_19A04_F_0 10/09/28 88 %/296 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09

  6. EST Table: FS908976 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS908976 E_FL_fufe_15N15_F_0 10/09/28 88 %/289 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09

  7. EST Table: FS910254 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS910254 E_FL_fufe_19K18_F_0 10/09/28 87 %/274 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09

  8. EST Table: FS913950 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS913950 E_FL_fufe_30M22_F_0 10/09/28 87 %/272 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09

  9. EST Table: FS919738 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS919738 E_FL_fufe_48E09_F_0 10/09/28 87 %/288 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09

  10. EST Table: FS909643 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ97704.1| budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles...|XP_970295.1| PREDICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] FS920882 fufe ...

  11. EST Table: FS905368 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ97704.1| budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles...|XP_970295.1| PREDICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] FS920882 fufe ...

  12. EST Table: FS931361 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ97704.1| budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles...|XP_970295.1| PREDICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] FS920882 fwgP ...

  13. EST Table: FS765476 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ97704.1| budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles...|XP_970295.1| PREDICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] FS920882 fcaL ...

  14. EST Table: FS791348 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ97704.1| budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles...|XP_970295.1| PREDICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] FS920882 ffbm ...

  15. EST Table: FS736730 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS736730 E_FL_bmmt_06M14_R_0 10/09/28 100 %/193 aa ref|NP_001037510.1| elongation f... dbj|BAA02601.1| elongation factor 1 alpha [Bombyx mori] 10/09/03 95 %/193 aa FBpp0257399|DyakGE12389-PA 10/

  16. EST Table: FS731731 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS731731 E_FL_bmmt_24I23_F_0 10/09/28 44 %/191 aa ref|XP_001869607.1| monocarboxyla...10/09/03 39 %/191 aa FBpp0160203|DmojGI10986-PA 10/08/28 low homology 10/09/10 44 %/191 aa AGAP002587-PA Pro

  17. On semiclassical analysis of pure spinor superstring in an AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} background

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aisaka, Yuri [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Sao Paulo State Univ. (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Teorica; Ibiapina Bevilaqua, L. [Univ. Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal (Brazil). Esola de Ciencias e Tecnologia; Vallilo, Brenno C. [Santiago Univ. (Chile). Dept. de Ciencias Fisicas

    2012-06-15

    Relation between semiclassical analyses of Green-Schwarz and pure spinor formalisms in an AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} background is clarified. It is shown that the two formalisms have identical semiclassical partition functions for a simple family of classical solutions. It is also shown that, when the classical string is furthermore rigid, this in turn implies that the two formalisms predict the same one-loop corrections to spacetime energies.

  18. Allylic chlorination of terpenic olefins using a combination of MoCl{sub 5} and NaOCl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boualy, Brahim; Firdoussi, Larbi El; Ali, Mustapha Ait; Karim, Abdellah, E-mail: elfirdoussi@ucam.ac.m [Universite Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech (Morocco). Faculte des Sciences Semlalia. Lab. de Chimie de Coordination

    2011-07-01

    MoCl{sub 5} is applied as efficient agent in allylic chlorination of terpenic olefins in the presence of NaOCl as chlorine donor. Various terpenes are converted to the corresponding allylic chlorides in moderate to good yield under mild and optimized reaction conditions. Different molybdenum precursors are also studied. Among them, MoO{sub 3} gives good yield, but after a longer reaction time. (author)

  19. Effect of nickel seed layer on growth of α-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanostructured thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Rabindar Kumar; Kant, Chandra; Kumar, Prabhat; Singh, Megha, E-mail: meghasingh-08@yahoo.com; Reddy, G. B. [Thin film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi-110016 (India)

    2015-08-28

    In this communication, we reported the role of Ni seed layer on the growth of vanadium pentoxide (α-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanostructured thin films (NSTs) using plasma assisted sublimation process (PASP). Two different substrates, simple glass substrate and the Ni coated glass substrate (Ni thickness ∼ 100 nm) are employing in the present work. The influence of seed layer on structural, morphological, and vibrational properties have been studied systematically. The structural analysis divulged that both films deposited on simple glass as well as on Ni coated glass shown purely orthorhombic phase, no other phases are detected. The morphological studies of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} film deposited on both substrates are carried out by SEM, revealed that features of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} NSTs is completely modified in presence of Ni seed layer and the film possessing the excellent growth of nanorods (NRs) on Ni coated glass rather than simple glass. The HRTEM analysis of NRs is performed at very high magnification, shows very fine fringe pattern, which confirmed the single crystalline nature of nanorods. The vibrational study of NRs is performed using micro-Raman spectroscopy, which strongly support the XRD observations.

  20. Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of amorphous Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nóbrega, E.P., E-mail: pilad@cbpf.br; Costa, S.S.; Alvarenga, T.S.T.; Alho, B.P.; Caldas, A.; Ribeiro, P.O.; Sousa, V.S.R de; Oliveira, N.A. de; Ranke, P.J. von

    2017-01-15

    We report a theoretical model formed by two coupled magnetic sublattices of localized spins in the presence of an applied magnetic field to investigate the magnetic characteristics and magnetocaloric properties of amorphous yttrium iron garnet. The magnetic state equation is based on Handrich–Kobe´s theory, where the amorphization is taken into account by introducing fluctuations in the exchange parameters. Experimental results report that Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} presents a structural phase transition from crystalline to amorphous caused by a variation of external pressure. This phase transition on Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} leads to interesting results in the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric quantities. - Highlights: • Study of magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of amorphous Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} compound. • Theoretical model formed by two coupled magnetic sublattices of localized spins in the presence of an applied magnetic field. • The influence of crystalline/amorphous transition on the magnetocaloric effect.

  1. Effects of the substrate temperature on the properties of CuIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gannouni, M., E-mail: gm_mounir@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Photovoltaique et Materiaux Semi-conducteurs - ENIT BP 37, Le belvedere 1002-Tunis (Tunisia); Kanzari, M. [Laboratoire de Photovoltaique et Materiaux Semi-conducteurs - ENIT BP 37, Le belvedere 1002-Tunis (Tunisia)

    2011-10-01

    Structural, optical and electrical properties of CuIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} thin films grown by thermal evaporation have been studied relating the effects of substrate heating conditions of these properties. The CuIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} thin films were carried out at substrate temperatures in the temperature range 100-300 deg. C. The effects of heated substrate on their physico-chemical properties were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), optical transmission and hot probe method. X-ray diffraction revealed that the films are strong preferred orientation along the (3 1 1) plane upon substrate temperature 200 deg. C and amorphous for the substrate temperatures below 200 deg. C. No secondary phases are observed for all the films. The composition is greatly affected by heated substrate. From the optical transmission and reflection, an important absorption coefficient exceeds 10{sup 5} cm{sup -1} at 800 nm was found. As increasing the substrate temperature, the optical energy band gap decreases from 1.70 eV for the unheated films to 1.25 eV for the deposited films at 300 deg. C. It was found that CuIn{sub 5}S{sub 8} thin film is an n-type semiconductor at 250 deg. C.

  2. Magnetic properties of ZrNi{sub 5-x}In{sub x} (0{<=}x{<=}1) ternary system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drulis, H. E-mail: drulis@int.pan.wroc.pl; Iwasieczko, W.; Zaremba, V

    2003-01-01

    Magnetisation was measured for the series of ZrNi{sub 5-x}In{sub x} (x=0, 0.25. 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0) alloys over the temperature range 1.75-700 K in applied field up to 50 kOe. All materials studied crystallise in the AuGe{sub 5}-type crystal structure. Alloys with x=0, 0.25 and 0.5 were found to be ferromagnets with relatively high transition temperatures, T{sub c}, dependent on the indium concentration (from T{sub c}=368 K for x=0.5 up to 647 K for x=0). The measured saturation magnetic moments are fully connected with nickel atom; the Zr and In moments are negligible. An environment-dependent model for the formation of Ni moments is suggested. The critical concentration of Ni for the onset of long-range ferromagnetic order in ZrNi{sub 5-x}In{sub x} is estimated as 4.5 atoms/f.u. (75 at%), approximately. The long-range magnetic order is determined by the number of the nearest neighbours of Ni atoms occupying 16(e) positions. Alloys with x=0.75 and 1.0 exhibit Pauli paramagnetism.

  3. Study on the surface reaction of LaNi{sub 5} alloy during discharge process in KOH solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tan Zuxian [Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Yang Yifu [Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)]. E-mail: yang-y-f1@vip.sina.com; Jiang Fengshan [Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Shao Huixia [Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

    2006-10-05

    A new method for studying surface reaction of LaNi{sub 5} absorbing alloy in KOH solution (pH 12) was established. It is based on tip-substrate voltammetry of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) where the tip faradic current is recorded while scanning the substrate potential. The Pt electrode is selected as tip electrode, and the Pt oxide formation-reduction is used as a pH-dependent reaction while the tip potential is held at a constant value. As substrate surface reactions proceed, the pH of solution can be changed, and then the tip faradic current is recorded. The mechanism of discharge process of LaNi{sub 5} alloy was analyzed by comparing the tip current (I {sub tip}) versus substrate potential (E {sub sub}) curve, which reflects the exchange of H{sup +} or OH{sup -} between the alloy surface and the solution, with the substrate current (I {sub sub}) versus substrate potential (E {sub sub}) curve, which reflects the exchange of electron on the LaNi{sub 5} alloy surface. The results showed that the OH{sup -} adsorption process is occurred before the electron transfer process during discharge process, and the adsorptive OH{sup -} helps the oxidation of adsorbed hydrogen atom on the alloy surface. A quantitative assessment for the maximum changes of pH during discharge process is also proposed, and the variation as large as 2.65 pH unit was detected.

  4. Study on the surface reaction of LaNi{sub 5} alloy during discharge process in KOH solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tan, Zuxian; Yang, Yifu; Jiang, Fengshan; Shao, Huixia [Wuhan University, Wuhan (China). Department of Chemistry

    2006-10-05

    A new method for studying surface reaction of LaNi{sub 5} absorbing alloy in KOH solution (pH 12) was established. It is based on tip-substrate voltammetry of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) where the tip faradic current is recorded while scanning the substrate potential. The Pt electrode is selected as tip electrode, and the Pt oxide formation-reduction is used as a pH-dependent reaction while the tip potential is held at a constant value. As substrate surface reactions proceed, the pH of solution can be changed, and then the tip faradic current is recorded. The mechanism of discharge process of LaNi{sub 5} alloy was analyzed by comparing the tip current (I{sub tip}) versus substrate potential (E{sub sub}) curve, which reflects the exchange of H{sup +} or OH{sup -} between the alloy surface and the solution, with the substrate current (I{sub sub}) versus substrate potential (E{sub sub}) curve, which reflects the exchange of electron on the LaNi{sub 5} alloy surface. The results showed that the OH{sup -} adsorption process is occurred before the electron transfer process during discharge process, and the adsorptive OH{sup -} helps the oxidation of adsorbed hydrogen atom on the alloy surface. A quantitative assessment for the maximum changes of pH during discharge process is also proposed, and the variation as large as 2.65 pH unit was detected. (author)

  5. Effect of iron doping on the magnetic properties of TbMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, T.-C. [Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: taichun_han@yahoo.com.tw; Lin, Jauyn Grace [Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China) and Center for Nanostorage Research, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: jglin@ccms.ntu.edu.tw

    2007-03-15

    We synthesized a series of TbFe{sub x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 5} (0{<=}x{<=}0.2) samples and studied the effect of the Fe-doping on their magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate a pure orthorhombic structure with space group Pbam for all the samples. Based on the data of temperature- and field-dependent magnetization, M(T) and M(H) curves, it is found that the magnetic moment enhances with increase in the Fe-content in TbMn{sub 2}O{sub 5}. With increase in the Fe-content from 0 to 0.2, the magnetic moment increases progressively from 0.014 to 0.030 {mu} {sub Bohr} p.f.u. at room temperature (RT). Particularly for the TbFe{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 1.8}O{sub 5} sample, a current-voltage curve displays a nonlinear behavior at RT. If a strong coupling between magnetic moment and electric polarization exists, the Fe-doped sample may have a higher polarization/ferroelectric effect, which should be a great advantage for the future application of the spintronics devices.

  6. Continuous radiometric control of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ content in phosphorite ore pulp

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belyakov, M A; Terent' ev, E P; Khoruzhii, A I

    1976-03-01

    Procedures have been developed for a continuous radiometric determination of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ (6 to 8%) in the pulp of phosphorite ore on the basis of correlation between U and P contents in phosphorites. The pulp is piped from the classifier of one of the sections of the enrichment plant into a vertical cylindrical container whose upper part carries, mounted in its centre, a scintillator with an 80 x 80 mm NaJ(TL) crystal a FEU-82 photoelectric device. Overflowing the container edge, the pulp accumulates in the bleeding pipe and is moved on to be floated. The measuring of the gamma radiation from the pulp (with an energy of about 0.2 MeV) and the recording of the readings are carried out with a single-channel gamma spectrometer of the SP-ZM type and a self-writing KSP-type potentiometer. The sensitivity of measurements is 70 imp./sec per 1% of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ with a 70 imp./sec background. The mean-square discrepancy as compared with chemical data is 0.3% of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/.

  7. Nanostructured nickel doped β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films for supercapacitor applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeyalakshmi, K. [Department of Physics, PSNA College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul 624622 (India); Vijayakumar, S. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute, Gandhigram 624302 (India); Purushothaman, K.K. [Department of Physics, TRP Engineering College, Trichy (India); Muralidharan, G., E-mail: muralg@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute, Gandhigram 624302 (India)

    2013-07-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Nanorod with pores has been observed for 5 wt.% nickel doped β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films. • Film with 5 wt.% of nickel exhibits a specific capacitance of 417 F g{sup −1}. • These films exhibit high energy density. • The charge transfer resistance is 103 Ω. - Abstract: Interesting thin film electrodes of nickel doped vanadium pentoxide with different levels of doping (2.5–10 wt.%) are prepared on FTO and glass substrate at 300 °C using sol–gel spin coating method. The structural and morphological studies are made to understand the nature of the surface of the thin films. The electrochemical characteristics have been investigated through cyclic voltammetry and ac impedance spectroscopy measurements. The doping of nickel with β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} has led to enhanced intercalation and deintercalation of ions. β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} films with 5 wt.% of Ni exhibit the maximum specific capacitance of 417 F/g at a scan rate of 5 mV/s, with a good cyclic stability making it a promising candidate for supercapacitor application.

  8. Effect of annealing temperature on the supercapacitor behaviour of β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeyalakshmi, K. [Department of Physics, PSNA College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul 624622 (India); Vijayakumar, S.; Nagamuthu, S. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute, Deemed University, Gandhigram 624302 (India); Muralidharan, G., E-mail: muralg@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute, Deemed University, Gandhigram 624302 (India)

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► Structural, optical, supercapacitor properties of β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films are reported. ► Influence of annealing temperature on β-V{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films have been studied. ► Film annealed at 300 °C exhibit lower charge transfer resistance. -- Abstract: Vanadium pentoxide thin films are prepared via sol–gel spin coating method. The films coated on FTO and glass substrates are treated at different temperatures ranging from 250 °C to 400 °C. The structural, optical and electrochemical investigations are made. X-ray diffraction analysis shows the film to be composed of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} in β-phase up to annealing temperature of 350 °C and at 400 °C the structural transformation to α-phase is observed. FTIR spectrum shows the formation of V-O bond. The SEM images reveal the formation of nanopores. Optical absorption studies indicate a band gap of 2.2–2.4 eV. The supercapacitor behaviour is studied using cyclic voltammetery technique and electrochemical impedance analysis. The vanadium pentoxide films annealed at 300 °C for an hour exhibits a maximum specific capacitance of 346 F g{sup −1} at a scan rate of 5 mV s{sup −1}.

  9. Is alpha-V2O<sub>5 a cathode material for Mg insertion batteries?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sa, Niya; Wang, Hao; Proffit, Danielle L.; Lipson, Albert L.; Key, Baris; Liu, Miao; Feng, Zhenxing; Fister, Timothy T.; Ren, Yang; Sun, Cheng-Jun; Vaughey, John T.; Fenter, Paul A.; Persson, Kristin A.; Burrell, Anthony K.

    2016-08-01

    When designing a high energy density battery, one of the critical features is a high voltage, high capacity cathode material. In the development of Mg batteries, oxide cathodes that can reversibly intercalate Mg, while at the same time being compatible with an electrolyte that can deposit Mg reversibly are rare. Herein, we report the compatibility of Mg anodes with a-V2O<sub>5 by employing magnesium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide in diglyme electrolytes at very low water levels. Electrolytes that contain a high water level do not reversibly deposit Mg, but interestingly these electrolytes appear to enable much higher capacities for an a-V2O<sub>5 cathode. Solid state NMR indicates that the major source of the higher capacity in high water content electrolytes originates from reversible proton insertion. In contrast, we found that lowering the water level of the magnesium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide in diglyme electrolyte is critical to achieve reversible Mg deposition and direct evidence for reversible Mg intercalation is shown. Findings we report here elucidate the role of proton intercalation in water-containing electrolytes and clarify numerous conflicting reports of Mg insertion into a-V2O<sub>5.

  10. Orthorhombic phase formation in electrochemically grown vanadium oxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanofibers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langie da Silva, Douglas, E-mail: douglas.langie@ufpel.edu.br [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Caixa Postal 354, Pelotas 96010-900 (Brazil); Pasa, André Avelino [Laboratório de Filmes Finos e Superfícies, Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Caixa Postal 476, Florianópolis 88.040-900 (Brazil)

    2013-06-15

    The inner structure of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers synthesized by electrochemical deposition has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). The experimental results demonstrate that the fibers are formed by 2D orthorhombic layers of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}. The layers are formed along the plane ab stacked in the crystallographic direction c. Additionally the diffraction results indicate that the fibers grow preferentially along the (100) crystallographic plane with surface dominated by the plane (001). The formation of fibers is discussed in terms of the preferential growth along specific orientations in order to minimize the surface energy of the nanostructures. - Highlights: • Electrochemical deposition leads to the formation of 2D crystalline V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers. • Electron diffraction was used to determine the inner structure of fibers. • The fibers grown preferentially along the low-index (100) crystallographic plane. • The fibers grow along specific orientations in order to minimize the surface energy. • The 2D structure of fibers is an important feature for technological applications.

  11. Sub-15 fs multiphoton lithography of three-dimensional structures for live cell applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Licht, Martin; Uchugonova, Aisada; König, Karsten; Straub, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Development, morphology and intratissue location of cells are influenced by the 3D nano- and microenvironment. In this paper we demonstrate multiphoton photopolymerization to generate three-dimensional structures for cell culture applications with micro- and nanotopographic features using SU-8 photoresist and mr-NIL 6000 nanoimprint resist. Moving the focal spot of high-repetition rate near-infrared sub-15 fs pulsed laser light by a galvanometric beam scanner in combination with a piezoelectric vertical stage, nearly arbitrary trajectories of polymerized photoresist were generated. This technique can be used to generate cage structures with submicron interior features for live cell applications. Preliminary experiments with PC-3 and HT-1080 cells indicate the influence of the structures on cell behavior. (paper)

  12. Effective management of regulator RI/FS comments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wolinsky, S.M.; Lojek, D.; George, R.D.; Houser, S.M.; Strimbu, M.J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes a successful strategy that facilitates regulatory approval of CERCLA documents required by compliance agreement and CERCLA, based on the experience of Operable Unit 1, Waste Storage Area, of the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). This strategy, which has become the site standard at the FEMP, was instrumental in obtaining regulator approval of the OU1 RI and FS, and early approval of the Record of Decision during a very tight compliance agreement-driven schedule. This strategy can be applied at any DOE Superfund site, especially where there is need to recover lost schedule, an incentive to meet milestones early, a need to improve the relationship between the DOE and the regulators, or where the regulatory agencies have historically provided a large volume of comments on CERCLA documents. The strategy focuses on early identification and resolution of issues relating to draft RI/FS documents, as raised in regulatory agency review comments. This pro-active strategy has the potential for schedule and cost savings, as well as for improved communication between DOE and the regulators. The strategy includes preparation of a separate comment response document, integration of comment responses with RI/FS documents, development of a database of agency comments and their resolution, and sharing lessons learned with preparers of subsequent RI/FS documents. The paper provides background on the FEMP and describes the FEMP comment response strategy; DOE and regulator interface; the Sitewide Comment Database; networked electronic file management; the process for classifying, analyzing, and responding to comments; integration with base RI/FS documents; and a conclusion

  13. Effective management of regulator RI/FS comments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolinsky, S.M.; Lojek, D.; George, R.D.; Houser, S.M.; Strimbu, M.J.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes a successful strategy that facilitates regulatory approval of CERCLA documents required by compliance agreement and CERCLA, based on the experience of Operable Unit 1, Waste Storage Area, of the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). This strategy, which has become the site standard at the FEMP, was instrumental in obtaining regulator approval of the OU1 RI and FS, and early approval of the Record of Decision during a very tight compliance agreement-driven schedule. This strategy can be applied at any DOE Superfund site, especially where there is need to recover lost schedule, an incentive to meet milestones early, a need to improve the relationship between the DOE and the regulators, or where the regulatory agencies have historically provided a large volume of comments on CERCLA documents. The strategy focuses on early identification and resolution of issues relating to draft RI/FS documents, as raised in regulatory agency review comments. This pro-active strategy has the potential for schedule and cost savings, as well as for improved communication between DOE and the regulators. The strategy includes preparation of a separate comment response document, integration of comment responses with RI/FS documents, development of a database of agency comments and their resolution, and sharing lessons learned with preparers of subsequent RI/FS documents. The paper provides background on the FEMP and describes the FEMP comment response strategy; DOE and regulator interface; the Sitewide Comment Database; networked electronic file management; the process for classifying, analyzing, and responding to comments; integration with base RI/FS documents; and a conclusion.

  14. Power Laser Ablation Symposia

    CERN Document Server

    Phipps, Claude

    2007-01-01

    Laser ablation describes the interaction of intense optical fields with matter, in which atoms are selectively driven off by thermal or nonthermal mechanisms. The field of laser ablation physics is advancing so rapidly that its principal results are seen only in specialized journals and conferences. This is the first book that combines the most recent results in this rapidly advancing field with authoritative treatment of laser ablation and its applications, including the physics of high-power laser-matter interaction. Many practical applications exist, ranging from inertial confinement fusion to propulsion of aerostats for pollution monitoring to laser ignition of hypersonic engines to laser cleaning nanoscale contaminants in high-volume computer hard drive manufacture to direct observation of the electronic or dissociative states in atoms and molecules, to studying the properties of materials during 200kbar shocks developed in 200fs. Selecting topics which are representative of such a broad field is difficu...

  15. Effect of the milling time on thermal stability of mechanically alloyed Mg{sub 5}0 Ni{sub 5}0 amorphous alloy; Efecto del tiempo de molienda sobre la estabilidad termica del amorfo Mg{sub 5}0 Ni:50 producido mediante aleado mecanico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzman, D.; Ordonez, S.; Serafini, D.; Rojas, P.; Aguilar, C.; Santander, M.; Navea, L.

    2009-07-01

    In order to study the relationship between the milling time used in the production of Mg{sub 5}0Ni{sub 5}0 amorphous alloy and its thermal stability, seven amorphous alloys were produced by milling for 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 50 and 60 h each sample. The obtained powders were morphological and structurally characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. The thermal stability of amorphous alloys was study by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that the increase in the added energy when milling for longer time causes the homogenization of the microstructure with an increase in amorphous phase, which dissolves a large amount of nickel in its structure. Therefore, the simultaneous crystallization of the Mg{sub 2}Ni and MgNi{sub 2} intermetallic compounds at 345 degree centigrade can be explained. (Author) 19 refs.

  16. Color center lasers passively mode locked by quantum wells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Islam, M.N.; Soccolich, C.E.; Bar-Joseph, I.; Sauer, N.; Chang, T.Y.; Miller, B.I.

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes how, using multiple quantum well (MQW) saturable absorbers, the authors passively mode locked a NaCl color center laser to produce 275 fs transform-limited, pedestal-free pulses with as high as 3.7 kW peak power. The pulses are tunable from λ = 1.59 to 1.7 μm by choosing MQW's with different bandgaps. They shortened the output pulses from the laser to 25 fs using the technique of soliton compression in a fiber. The steady-state operation of the laser requires the combination of a fast saturable absorber and gain saturation. In addition to the NaCl laser, they passively mode locked a Tl 0 (1):KCl color center laser and produced -- 22 ps pulses. Although the 275 fs pulses from the NaCl laser are Gaussian, when broadened, the pulses acquire an asymmetric spectrum because of carrier-induced refractive index changes

  17. Femtosecond laser refractive surgery: small-incision lenticule extraction vs. femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jimmy K; Chuck, Roy S; Park, Choul Yong

    2015-07-01

    Small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is a novel technique devised to correct refractive errors. SMILE circumvents excimer laser photoablation of cornea, as the stromal lenticule cut by femtosecond laser is removed manually. Smaller incisions and preservation of anterior corneal biomechanical strength have been suggested as some of the advantages of SMILE over femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK). In this review, we compared previous published results of SMILE and FS-LASIK. The advantage, efficacy and safety of SMILE are compared with FS-LASIK. SMILE achieved similar efficacy, predictability and safety as FS-LASIK. Greater preservations of corneal biomechanical strength and corneal nerves were observed in SMILE when compared with LASIK or PRK. Additionally, the incidence of postoperative dry eye syndrome was found to be less problematic in SMILE than in FS-LASIK. SMILE is a promising new surgery for refractive error correction. Prospective and retrospective studies of SMILE have shown that results of SMILE are similar to FS-LASIK. With advances in femtosecond laser technology, SMILE may gain greater acceptance in the future.

  18. The quaternary arsenide oxides Ce{sub 9}Au{sub 5-x}As{sub 8}O{sub 6} and Pr{sub 9}Au{sub 5-x}As{sub 8}O{sub 6}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartsch, Timo; Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Poettgen, Rainer [Univ. Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie

    2016-07-01

    The quaternary gold arsenide oxides Ce{sub 9}Au{sub 5-x}As{sub 8}O{sub 6} and Pr{sub 9}Au{sub 5-x}As{sub 8}O{sub 6} were synthesized from the rare earth elements (RE), rare earth oxides, arsenic and gold powder at maximum annealing temperatures of 1173 K. The structures were refined from single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Pnnm, a=1321.64(6) pm, b=4073.0(3), c=423.96(2), wR2=0.0842, 3106 F{sup 2} values, 160 variables for Ce{sub 9}Au{sub 4.91(4)}As{sub 8}O{sub 6} and Pnnm, a=1315.01(4), b=4052.87(8), c=420.68(1) pm, wR2=0.0865, 5313 F{sup 2} values, 160 variables for Pr{sub 9}Au{sub 4.75(1)}As{sub 8}O{sub 6}. They represent a new structure type and show a further extension of pnictide oxide crystal chemistry. A complex polyanionic gold arsenide network [Au{sub 5}As{sub 8}]{sup 15-} (with some disorder in the gold substructure) is charge compensated with polycationic strands of condensed edge-sharing O rate at RE{sub 4/4} and O rate at RE{sub 4/3} tetrahedra ([RE{sub 4}O{sub 3}]{sub 2}{sup 12+}) as well as RE{sup 3+} cations in cavities.

  19. InterProScan Result: FS933294 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS933294 FS933294_3_ORF2 4539D97811267FB7 PFAM PF04695 Pex14_N NA ? IPR006785 unintegrated Cellular... Component: peroxisome (GO:0005777)|Cellular Component: membrane (GO:0016020) ...

  20. InterProScan Result: FS775902 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS775902 FS775902_6_ORF1 74300360D38F371E PFAM PF05208 ALG3 NA ? IPR007873 unintegrated Cellular... Component: endoplasmic reticulum (GO:0005783)|Cellular Component: integral to membrane (GO:0016021) ...

  1. Primary Productivity, SeaWiFS and Pathfinder, 0.1 degrees, Global, EXPERIMENTAL

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Primary Productivity is calculated from SeaWiFS Chl a, Pathfinder SST, and SeaWiFS PAR data. THIS IS AN EXPERIMENTAL PRODUCT: intended strictly for scientific...

  2. Lattice specific heat for the RMIn{sub 5} (R=Gd, La, Y; M=Co, Rh) compounds: Non-magnetic contribution subtraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Facio, Jorge I., E-mail: jorge.facio@cab.cnea.gov.ar [Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, CNEA, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Betancourth, D.; Cejas Bolecek, N.R. [Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, CNEA, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Jorge, G.A. [Instituto de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Pedrazzini, Pablo; Correa, V.F.; Cornaglia, Pablo S. [Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, CNEA, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Vildosola, V. [Centro Atómico Constituyentes, CNEA, 1650 San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); García, D.J. [Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, CNEA, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) (Argentina)

    2016-06-01

    We analyze theoretically a common experimental process used to obtain the magnetic contribution to the specific heat of a given magnetic material. In the procedure, the specific heat of a non-magnetic analog is measured and used to subtract the non-magnetic contributions, which are generally dominated by the lattice degrees of freedom in a wide range of temperatures. We calculate the lattice contribution to the specific heat for the magnetic compounds GdMIn{sub 5} (M=Co, Rh) and for the non-magnetic YMIn{sub 5} and LaMIn{sub 5} (M=Co, Rh), using density functional theory based methods. We find that the best non-magnetic analog for the subtraction depends on the magnetic material and on the range of temperatures. While the phonon specific heat contribution of YRhIn{sub 5} is an excellent approximation to the one of GdCoIn{sub 5} in the full temperature range, for GdRhIn{sub 5} we find a better agreement with LaCoIn{sub 5}, in both cases, as a result of an optimum compensation effect between masses and volumes. We present measurements of the specific heat of the compounds GdMIn{sub 5} (M=Co, Rh) up to room temperature where it surpasses the value expected from the Dulong–Petit law. We obtain a good agreement between theory and experiment when we include anharmonic effects in the calculations.

  3. Study of a Li/polymer electrolyte/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} battery; Etude d`un accumulateur Li/POE/V{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tassin, N.; Bronoel, G.; Fauvarque, J.F.; Millot, A. [Laboratoire SORAPEC, 94 - Fontenay-sous-Bois (France)

    1996-12-31

    The use of POE solid polymer electrolytes in negative lithium electrode batteries allows to reach energy density values close to 150 Wh/kg. The functioning of Li/POE/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} elements has been studied on small capacity elementary cells (about 26 mAh) and the results obtained were confirmed using coiled elements of 1.4 to 1.8 Ah capacity. This work has been carried out for Bollore Technologies (BT) and Electricite de France (EdF) companies. (J.S.)

  4. Study of a Li/polymer electrolyte/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} battery; Etude d`un accumulateur Li/POE/V{sub 2}O{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tassin, N; Bronoel, G; Fauvarque, J F; Millot, A [Laboratoire SORAPEC, 94 - Fontenay-sous-Bois (France)

    1997-12-31

    The use of POE solid polymer electrolytes in negative lithium electrode batteries allows to reach energy density values close to 150 Wh/kg. The functioning of Li/POE/V{sub 2}O{sub 5} elements has been studied on small capacity elementary cells (about 26 mAh) and the results obtained were confirmed using coiled elements of 1.4 to 1.8 Ah capacity. This work has been carried out for Bollore Technologies (BT) and Electricite de France (EdF) companies. (J.S.)

  5. Efficient and Selective Reduction of Aromatic Nitro Compounds to Aromatic Amines by NbCl{sub 5}/Indium System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Byung Woo; Kim, Duckil; Kim, Hyung Min; Kang, Sung Ho [Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Aromatic amines find applicability in diverse fields including dyes, pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and photographic materials. To date, there are a variety of methods, which can be used to convert aromatic nitro compounds to their corresponding amines. Some of them include Cp{sub 2}TiCl{sub 2}/In, Al/NH{sub 4}Cl, (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}/NaBH{sub 4}, NiCl{sub 2}6H{sub 2}O/In, HI, Sm/I{sub 2}, In/NH{sub 4}Cl, B{sub 4}H{sub 10}/Pd/C, Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8}/H{sub 2}O and In/HCl. However, most methods still lack the desired chemo-selectivity when other reducible functional groups are present in the nitroarene and often require long reaction times, or harsh reaction conditions. Consequently, efficient and selective methods for the reduction of aromatic nitro compounds continue to be developed. It has been reported that NbCl{sub 5}/Zn system is used as a reagent for reducing sulfoxides, epoxides, and amine N-oxides.12 Because of the close resemblance of indium to zinc in several respects, including first ionization potential, we considered that NbCl{sub 5}/In system can be an efficient reducing agent for the conversion of aromatic nitro compounds to the corresponding amines. Recently, indium metal has attracted much attention for its unique properties such as low toxicity and high stability in water and air compared with other metals. In continuation of our interest in exploring the utility of metal-metal salt system in organic synthesis, we would like to report an efficient and chemo-selective method for the reduction of various aromatic nitro compounds to the corresponding amines by treatment with NbCl{sub 5}/In system (eq. 1). The new reduction system was generated by the addition of indium powder to a stirred solution of niobium(V) chloride in THF under sonication. The generation of low-valent niobium species was examined at room temperature with an excess of indium metal. The observations suggest that this procedure can be applied for the chemo

  6. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of quaternary iron selenides: Ba{sub 2}FePnSe{sub 5} (Pn=Sb, Bi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Jian; Greenfield, Joshua T.; Kovnir, Kirill

    2016-10-15

    Two new barium iron pnictide–selenides, Ba{sub 2}FeSbSe{sub 5} and Ba{sub 2}FeBiSe{sub 5}, were synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state route and their crystal structures were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Both compounds are isomorphic to the high pressure phase Ba{sub 3}FeS{sub 5} and crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Pnma (No. 62) with cell parameters of a=12.603(2)/12.619(2) Å, b=9.106(1)/9.183(1) Å, c=9.145(1)/9.123(1) Å and Z=4 for Ba{sub 2}FeSbSe{sub 5} and Ba{sub 2}FeBiSe{sub 5}, respectively. According to differential scanning calorimetry, Ba{sub 2}FePnSe{sub 5} compounds exhibit high thermal stability and melt congruently at 1055(5) K (Pn=Sb) and 1105(5) K (Pn=Bi). Magnetic characterizations reveal strong antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor interactions in both compounds resulting in an antiferromagnetic ordering at 58(1) K for Ba{sub 2}FeSbSe{sub 5} and 79(2) K for Ba{sub 2}FeBiSe{sub 5}. The magnetic interactions between Fe{sup 3+} centers, which are at least 6 Å apart from each other, are mediated by superexchange interactions. - Graphical abstract: In Ba{sub 2}FeSbSe{sub 5} and Ba{sub 2}FeBiSe{sub 5} the magnetic interactions between Fe{sup 3+} centers, which are at least 6 Å apart from each other, are mediated by superexchange interactions. - Highlights: • New compounds Ba{sub 2}FeSbSe{sub 5} and Ba{sub 2}FeBiSe{sub 5} have been synthesized. • The crystal structure was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. • Both compounds melt congruently at temperatures above 1000 K. • Ba{sub 2}FeSbSe{sub 5} and Ba{sub 2}FeBiSe{sub 5} exhibit AFM ordering at 58 K (Sb) and 70 K (Bi). • Magnetic exchange between Fe{sup 3+} is mediated by either Se–Sb(Bi)–Se or Se–Ba–Se bridges.

  7. Lead nitroprusside: A new precursor for the synthesis of the multiferroic Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5,} an anion-deficient perovskite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil, Diego M. [Instituto de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Ayacucho 471, 4000 San Miguel de Tucumán (Argentina); Nieva, Gladys [Centro Atómico Bariloche, Instituto Balseiro, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Franco, Diego G. [Centro Atómico Bariloche, Instituto Balseiro, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Instituto de Investigaciones en Fisicoquímica de Córdoba (INFIQC – CONICET), Departamento de Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina); Gómez, María Inés [Instituto de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Ayacucho 471, 4000 San Miguel de Tucumán (Argentina); and others

    2013-08-15

    In order to investigate the formation of multiferroic oxide Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5}, the thermal decomposition of Pb[Fe(CN){sub 5}NO] has been studied. The complex precursor and the thermal decomposition products were characterized by IR and Raman spectroscopy, thermal analysis, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy and magnetic measurements. The crystal structure of Pb[Fe(CN){sub 5}NO] was refined by Rietveld analysis. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, space group Pnma. The thermal decomposition in air produces highly pure Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} as final product. This oxide is an anion deficient perovskite with an incommensurate superstructure. The magnetic measurements confirm that Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} shows a weak ferromagnetic signal probably due to disorder in the perfect antiferromagnetic structure or spin canting. The estimated ordering temperature from the fit of a phenomenological model was 520 K. The SEM images reveal that the thermal decomposition of Pb[Fe(CN){sub 5}NO] produces Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} with small particle size. - Highlights: • Pb[Fe(CN){sub 5}NO] was synthesized and characterized. • Pb[Fe(CN){sub 5}NO] belongs to orthorhombic crystal system, space group Pnma. • Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} was obtained by thermal decomposition of Pb[Fe(CN){sub 5}NO]. • Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} is a weak ferromagnet due to spin canting. • Ordering temperature of Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} from the fit of a phenomenological model was 520 K. - Graphical abstract: Field cooling (FC) and zero field cooling (ZFC) magnetization curves at H = 10 and 1000 Oe for Pb{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 5} obtained at 750 °C. Remnant magnetization after applying H = 1 T, FC procedure at 0.8 Oe. The fitted expression (see text) yield an ordering temperature T{sub o} = 520 K. Display Omitted.

  8. Revision of the Ge–Ti phase diagram and structural stability of the new phase Ge{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bittner, Roland W. [University of Vienna, Department of Inorganic Chemistry/Materials Chemistry, Währingerstraße 42, 1090 Wien (Austria); Colinet, Catherine [Science et Ingénierie des Matériaux et Procédés, Grenoble INP, UJF, CNRS, 38402 Saint Martin d’Hères Cedex (France); Tedenac, Jean-Claude [Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux I.C.G., UMR-CNRS 5253, Université Montpellier II, Place E. Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Richter, Klaus W., E-mail: klaus.richter@univie.ac.at [University of Vienna, Department of Inorganic Chemistry/Materials Chemistry, Währingerstraße 42, 1090 Wien (Austria)

    2013-11-15

    Highlights: •New compound Ge{sub 4}Ti{sub 5} found by experiments and by DFT ground state calculations. •Enthalpies of formation calculated for different Ge–Ti compounds. •Modifications of the Ge–Ti phase diagram suggested. -- Abstract: The binary phase diagram Ge–Ti was investigated experimentally by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy including EDX analysis, and differential thermal analysis. Total energies of the compounds GeTi{sub 3}, GeTi{sub 2}, Ge{sub 3}Ti{sub 5}, Ge{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}, Ge{sub 5}Ti{sub 6}, GeTi and Ge{sub 2}Ti were calculated for various structure types employing electronic density-functional theory (DFT). Experimental studies as well as electronic calculations show the existence of a new phase Ge{sub 4}Ti{sub 5} (Ge{sub 4}Sm{sub 5}-type, oP36, Pnma) which is formed in a solid state reaction Ge{sub 3}Ti{sub 5} + Ge{sub 5}Ti{sub 6} = Ge{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}. In addition, a significant homogeneity range was observed for the compound Ge{sub 3}Ti{sub 5} and the composition of the liquid phase in the eutectic reaction L = Ge + Ge{sub 2}Ti was found to be at significant higher Ge-content (97.5 at.% Ge) than reported in previous studies. Based on these new results, a modified phase diagram Ge–Ti is suggested. The zero-temperature lattice parameters and the formation enthalpies determined by DTF calculations were found to be in good agreement with experimental data.

  9. EST Table: FS750177 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS750177 E_ET_caL-_21J18_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 90 %/101 aa ref|NP_001036899.1| pro-corazon...in precursor [Bombyx mori] sp|Q86N75.1|CORZ_BOMMO RecName: Full=Pro-corazonin; Short=Crz; Short=B...CPRP; Flags: Precursor dbj|BAC66443.1| corazonin preprohormone [Bombyx mori] 10/09/08 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS750177 caL- ...

  10. EST Table: FS755944 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS755944 E_ET_caL-_21J18_R_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 91 %/101 aa ref|NP_001036899.1| pro-corazon...in precursor [Bombyx mori] sp|Q86N75.1|CORZ_BOMMO RecName: Full=Pro-corazonin; Short=Crz; Short=B...CPRP; Flags: Precursor dbj|BAC66443.1| corazonin preprohormone [Bombyx mori] 10/09/08 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS755944 caL- ...

  11. Pretest analysis document for Test S-FS-7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hall, D.G.

    1985-06-01

    This report documents the pretest calculations completed for Semiscale Test S-FS-7. This test will simulate a transient initiated by a 14.3% break in a steam generator bottom feedwater line downstream of the check valve. The initial conditions represent normal operating conditions for a C-E System 80 nuclear power plant. Predictions of transients resulting from feedwater line breaks in these plants have indicated that significant primary system overpressurization may occur. The results of a RELAP5/MOD2/CY21 code calculation indicate that the test objectives for Test S-FS-7 can be achieved. The primary system overpressurization will occur but pose no threat to personnel or to plant integrity. 3 refs., 15 figs., 5 tabs

  12. Pretest analysis document for Test S-FS-11

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hall, D.G.; Shaw, R.A.

    1985-07-01

    This report documents the pretest calculations completed for Semiscale Test S-FS-11. This test will simulate a transient initiated by a 50% break in a steam generator bottom feedwater line downstream of the check valve. The initial conditions represents normal operating conditions for a C-E System 80 nuclear plant. Prediction of transients resulting from feedwater line breaks in these plants have indicated that significant primary system overpressurization may occur. The results of a RELAP5/MOD2/CY21 code calculation indicate that the test objectives for Test S-FS-11 can be achieved. The primary system overpressurization will occur but pose no threat to personnel or plant integrity. 3 refs., 15 figs., 5 tabs

  13. EST Table: FS747376 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/08 58 %/234 aa FBpp0241989|DwilGK...AP004775 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 54 %/235 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 caL- ...

  14. EST Table: FS895236 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available match repair)|GO:0030983(mismatched DNA binding) 10/09/28 68 %/141 aa ref|XP_001663861.1| DNA mismatch repair protein pms2... [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT34048.1| DNA mismatch repair protein pms2 [Aedes aegypti] 10/09/12 62 %...1 %/140 aa gi|91079030|ref|XP_974934.1| PREDICTED: similar to DNA mismatch repair protein pms2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS895236 ftes ...

  15. EST Table: FS908806 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS908806 E_FL_fufe_15F06_F_0 10/09/28 64 %/229 aa ref|XP_974421.1| PREDICTED: similar to synoviolin.../09/10 58 %/222 aa gnl|Amel|GB14313-PA 10/09/10 64 %/229 aa gi|91087035|ref|XP_974421.1| PREDICTED: similar to synoviolin [Tribolium castaneum] DC547331 fufe ...

  16. EST Table: FS733278 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS733278 E_FL_bmmt_20O16_F_0 10/09/28 77 %/113 aa ref|XP_974421.1| PREDICTED: similar to synoviolin.../09/10 70 %/106 aa gnl|Amel|GB14313-PA 10/09/10 77 %/113 aa gi|91087035|ref|XP_974421.1| PREDICTED: similar to synoviolin [Tribolium castaneum] DC547331 bmmt ...

  17. EST Table: FS779999 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS779999 E_FL_fcaL_32K04_R_0 10/09/28 100 %/145 aa dbj|BAG30799.1| actin [Papilio x...locus:act- 2#actin#status:Confirmed#UniProt:P10984#protein_id:CAB04 675.1 10/09/10 100 %/145 aa AGAP005095-PA Protein|2L:9969318:99

  18. SeaWiFS calibration and validation plan, volume 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hooker, S.B.; Firestone, E.R.; Mcclain, C.R.; Esaias, W.E.; Barnes, W.; Guenther, B.; Endres, D.; Mitchell, B.G.; Barnes, R.

    1992-09-01

    The Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) will be the first ocean-color satellite since the Nimbus-7 Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS), which ceased operation in 1986. Unlike the CZCS, which was designed as a proof-of-concept experiment, SeaWiFS will provide routine global coverage every 2 days and is designed to provide estimates of photosynthetic concentrations of sufficient accuracy for use in quantitative studies of the ocean's primary productivity and biogeochemistry. A review of the CZCS mission is included that describes that data set's limitations and provides justification for a comprehensive SeaWiFS calibration and validation program. To accomplish the SeaWiFS scientific objectives, the sensor's calibration must be constantly monitored, and robust atmospheric corrections and bio-optical algorithms must be developed. The plan incorporates a multi-faceted approach to sensor calibration using a combination of vicarious (based on in situ observations) and onboard calibration techniques. Because of budget constraints and the limited availability of ship resources, the development of the operational algorithms (atmospheric and bio-optical) will rely heavily on collaborations with the Earth Observing System (EOS), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) oceans team, and projects sponsored by other agencies, e.g., the U.S. Navy and the National Science Foundation (NSF). Other elements of the plan include the routine quality control of input ancillary data (e.g., surface wind, surface pressure, ozone concentration, etc.) used in the processing and verification of the level-0 (raw) data to level-1 (calibrated radiances), level-2 (derived products), and level-3 (gridded and averaged derived data) products

  19. EST Table: FS916089 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS916089 E_FL_fufe_37E08_F_0 10/09/28 43 %/186 aa ref|XP_001843810.1| mediator comp...lex [Culex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS34592.1| mediator complex [Culex quinquefasciatus] 10/09/12 36 %/187 aa F...1082463|ref|XP_971521.1| PREDICTED: similar to mediator complex [Tribolium castaneum] BJ984999 fufe ...

  20. EST Table: FS725108 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS725108 E_FL_bmmt_03L12_F_0 10/09/28 58 %/105 aa gb|ACY09589.1| cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 [Tetracis cach...exiata] 10/09/03 low homology 10/08/28 low homology 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h AU001277 bmmt ...

  1. EST Table: FS915741 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS915741 E_FL_fufe_36D23_F_0 10/09/28 88 %/287 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h NM_001105232 fufe ...

  2. EST Table: FS907852 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS907852 E_FL_fufe_12H06_F_0 10/09/28 92 %/258 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h NM_001105232 fufe ...

  3. EST Table: FS913382 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS913382 E_FL_fufe_29B08_F_0 10/09/28 87 %/287 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h NM_001105232 fufe ...

  4. EST Table: FS908536 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS908536 E_FL_fufe_14I01_F_0 10/09/28 93 %/263 aa ref|NP_001098702.1| nanos-like pr...otein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABS17681.1| nanos-like protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 low homology 10/08/29 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 n.h NM_001105232 fufe ...

  5. EST Table: FS920882 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ97704.1| budding uninhibited by benzimida...|91091890|ref|XP_970295.1| PREDICTED: similar to BUB3 budding uninhibited by benzimidazoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] FS920882 fufe ... ...zoles 3 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/13 61 %/256 aa FBpp0282833|DpseGA20454-PA 10/08

  6. Study of the reduction of sulfur dioxide to elemental sulfur by carbon monoxide on a La/sub 0/ /sub 5/ Sr/sub 0/ /sub 5/ CoO/sub 3/ catalyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hibbert, D B; Tseung, A C.C.

    1979-12-01

    A study of the reduction of sulfur dioxide to elemental sulfur by carbon monoxide on a La/sub 0/ /sub 5/ Sr/sub 0/ /sub 5/ CoO/sub 3/ catalyst a perovskite oxide, to determine the effects of oxygen and water on SO2 reduction showed that in the presence of 5 to 16% oxygen, the reaction between sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide still occurred if there was sufficient carbon monoxide in the gas to react with all the oxygen. At 600C, all the sulfur dioxide was removed at 5 to 16% oxygen levels. Water vapor at 2% did not adversely affect the reaction. The unwanted by-products, hydrogen disulfide and carbonyl sulfide, were reduced at contact times below 0.25 sec. During the reaction, the catalyst itself reacted with sulfur to give metal sulfides. When reagent grade CO/sub 2/O/sub 3/ was substituted for perovskite oxide, the maximum conversion of 98% of sulfur dioxide was attained at 550C, but an unacceptably high concentration of carbonyl sulfide was formed; within 1 hr, the sulfur dioxide conversion fell to 60%. The perovskite oxide reaction may be useful in removing sulfur dioxide from fosill fuel stack gases.

  7. Finite-size giant magnons on η-deformed AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Changrim, E-mail: ahn@ewha.ac.kr; Bozhilov, Plamen, E-mail: bozhilov@inrne.bas.bg

    2014-10-07

    We consider strings moving in the R{sub t}×S{sub η}{sup 3} subspace of the η-deformed AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} and obtain a class of solutions depending on several parameters. They are characterized by the string energy and two angular momenta. Finite-size dyonic giant magnon belongs to this class of solutions. Further on, we restrict ourselves to the case of giant magnon with one nonzero angular momentum, and obtain the leading finite-size correction to the dispersion relation.

  8. Molecular dynamics studies of displacement cascades in Fe-Y{sub 2}TiO{sub 5} system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dholakia, Manan, E-mail: manan@igcar.gov.in; Chandra, Sharat; Jaya, S. Mathi [Materials Physics Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, TN (India)

    2016-05-23

    The effect of displacement cascade on Fe-Y{sub 2}TiO{sub 5} bilayer is studied using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Different PKA species – Fe, Y, Ti and O – with the same PKA energy of 8 keV are used to produce displacement cascades that encompass the interface. It is shown that Ti atom has the highest movement in the ballistic regime of cascades which can lead to Ti atoms moving out of the oxide clusters into the Fe matrix in ODS alloys.

  9. Spectrum and quantum symmetries of the AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} superstring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinze, Martin

    2014-12-18

    The initial AdS/CFT duality pair, the duality between N=4 SYM and the AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} superstring, appears to enjoy quantum integrability in the planar limit, which allowed to devise powerful methods ostensibly solving the spectral problem. However, quantization of the AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} superstring from first principles is still an open question and especially the spectrum of short string states has previously been derived only at leading order in large 't Hooft coupling. In this thesis we investigate possible routes to quantize short string states perturbatively beyond the leading order, where equally our aim is to gain better appreciation of the quantum symmetries at play. A prominent role is played by the lowest excited string states, dual to the Konishi supermultiplet, and we start by reviewing critically an asserted derivation of the Konishi anomalous dimension in the setup of pure spinor string theory. Next, we constrain ourselves to bosonic AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} String in static gauge, where we construct a so-called single-mode string solution, a generalization of the pulsating string allowing for unconstrained zero-modes. This solution shows classical integrability and invariance under the isometries SO(2,4) x SO(6) at the quantum level. Arguing heuristically about the effects of supersymmetry, we indeed recover the first non-trivial quantum correction to the Konishi anomalous dimension. We continue by implementing static gauge for the full AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} superstring and find elegant expressions for the Lagrangian density and the supercharges. We then constrain our interest to the superparticle and, using two different methods, find canonical coordinates at quadratic order in fermions. We conclude by exploring another quantization scheme: As the single-mode string is nothing but the SO(2,4) x SO(6) orbit of the pulsating string, we apply orbit method quantization to the particle and spinning string solutions in bosonic AdS{sub 3} x S

  10. An investigation on 800 nm femtosecond laser ablation of K9 glass in air and vacuum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Shi-zhen, E-mail: xusz@uestc.edu.cn [School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Yao, Cai-zhen [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Dou, Hong-qiang [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Sichuan Engineering Technical College, Deyang 618000 (China); Liao, Wei, E-mail: liaowei@caep.cn [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Li, Xiao-yang; Ding, Ren-jie [School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Zhang, Li-juan; Liu, Hao; Yuan, Xiao-dong [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Zu, Xiao-tao [School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

    2017-06-01

    Highlights: • The fs laser ablation of borosilicate glass (K9) were investigated under 35 and 500 fs pulses. • At high fluence regime, the ablation rate at 35 fs in air increased to a plateau, and 500 fs in air and vacuum decreased. • The mechanisms of multiple-photon ionization and impact ionization were included. • The ablation morphologies of smooth zone and laser-induced periodic surface structures were presented and illustrated. • The ablation mechanisms of non-thermal and thermal ablation were included. - Abstract: Ablation rates of K9 glass were studied as a function of femtosecond laser fluences. The central wavelength was 800 nm, and pulse durations of 35 fs and 500 fs in air and vacuum were employed. Ablation thresholds of 0.42 J/cm{sup 2} and 2.1 J/cm{sup 2} were obtained at 35 fs and 500 fs, respectively, which were independent with the ambient conditions and depend on the incident pulse numbers due to incubation effects. The ablation rate of 35 fs pulse laser increased with the increasing of laser fluence in vacuum, while in air condition, it slowly increased to a plateau at high fluence. The ablation rate of 500 fs pulse laser showed an increase at low fluence and a slow drop of ablation rate was observed at high fluence in air and vacuum, which may due to the strong defocusing effects associated with the non-equilibrium ionization of air, and/or the shielding effects of conduction band electrons (CBEs) produced by multi-photon ionization and impact ionization in K9 glass surface. The typical ablation morphologies, e.g. smooth zone and laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) were also presented and illustrated.

  11. SIP-FS: a novel feature selection for data representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiyou Guo

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Multiple features are widely used to characterize real-world datasets. It is desirable to select leading features with stability and interpretability from a set of distinct features for a comprehensive data description. However, most of existing feature selection methods focus on the predictability (e.g., prediction accuracy of selected results yet neglect stability. To obtain compact data representation, a novel feature selection method is proposed to improve stability, and interpretability without sacrificing predictability (SIP-FS. Instead of mutual information, generalized correlation is adopted in minimal redundancy maximal relevance to measure the relation between different feature types. Several feature types (each contains a certain number of features can then be selected and evaluated quantitatively to determine what types contribute to a specific class, thereby enhancing the so-called interpretability of features. Moreover, stability is introduced in the criterion of SIP-FS to obtain consistent results of ranking. We conduct experiments on three publicly available datasets using one-versus-all strategy to select class-specific features. The experiments illustrate that SIP-FS achieves significant performance improvements in terms of stability and interpretability with desirable prediction accuracy and indicates advantages over several state-of-the-art approaches.

  12. Improvement of the specific capacitance of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as supercapacitor electrode by tungsten doping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Jiqi [School of Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhang, Yifu, E-mail: yfzhang@dlut.edu.cn [School of Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Jing, Xuyang [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Wang, Qiushi; Hu, Tao [School of Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Xing, Na [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Meng, Changgong [School of Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2017-01-15

    Tungsten doped vanadium pentoxide (W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) nanobelts were successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal route and combination of calcination. The results revealed that W atoms were successfully doped into the crystal lattice of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} matrix, indicating that the homogeneous solid-solutions of W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts were obtained. The electrochemical properties of W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts as supercapacitor electrode were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) methods. W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts exhibit the excellent capacity and good rate capability. Their specific capacitance are 407, 381, 350, 328, 295 and 273 F g{sup −1} at the current density of 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 A g{sup −1}, respectively. W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts also show excellent energy densities of 246, 217, 212, 199, 178 and 165 W h kg{sup −1} at a power densities of 0.99, 1.98, 3.96, 9.90, 19.80 and 39.60 kW kg{sup −1}. The specific capacitance of W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts is much higher than the previous values of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} materials, achieving the aim of improving the specific capacitance of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts. - Graphical abstract: The specific capacitance of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts can be greatly improved by W doping. - Highlights: • Homogeneous solid-solutions of W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} were prepared. • W-doped V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts exhibit excellent electrochemical property. • High specific capacitance of 407 F g{sup −1} at 0.5 A g{sup −1} was achieved. • Specific capacitance of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanobelts was improved by doping method.

  13. Effect of aging of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} sol on properties of nanoscale films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senapati, Sujata [Materials Science Programme, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India); Samtel Centre for Display Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India); Panda, Siddhartha, E-mail: spanda@iitk.ac.in [Materials Science Programme, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India); Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India); Samtel Centre for Display Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India)

    2016-01-29

    Nanoscale films having thicknesses in the range of 92 nm–137 nm were obtained by spin coating V{sub 2}O{sub 5} sol at different stages of aging. The observed structural and morphological changes with time can be attributed to the reactions occurring in the sol. The film morphology changed from an indistinctive featureless film to a homogenous film having ribbon-like nanostructures with aging of sols. TGA and FTIR analysis confirmed loss in the amount of intercalated water content with aging giving rise to structural changes (decrease in interlayer spacing) which were observed using XRD. Variations in mechanical, electrical, and optical properties of the thin films were observed with aging of the sol. Strain in the films were found to decrease with aging. The electrical conductivity increased with aging and this can be correlated to the improved crystallinity of the films with aging. The optical bandgap (calculated from UV–Vis data) decreased and the transmittance increased with aging. - Highlights: • Nanoscale V{sub 2}O{sub 5} films synthesized by spin coating progressively aged sol. • Structural and morphological changes were observed in the films. • Loss of water of hydration resulted in decrease in interlayer spacing. • Strain in the film decreased and conductivity increased with aging. • Increase in transmittance and decrease in optical band gap with aging observed.

  14. Rate of hydrogen motion in Ni-substituted LaNi{sub 5}H{sub x} from NMR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendenhall, Michael P. [Washington University, Department of Physics, Saint Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Bowman, Robert C. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Mail Stop 79-24, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Ivancic, Timothy M. [Washington University, Department of Physics, Saint Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Conradi, Mark S. [Washington University, Department of Physics, Saint Louis, MO 63130 (United States)], E-mail: msc@wuphys.wustl.edu

    2007-10-31

    Partial substitution of Sn, Ge, or Si for Ni in LaNi{sub 5}H{sub x} greatly enhances the stability under repeated hydrogen-cycling. Proton NMR relaxation measurements are reported here to determine the rates of H hopping in the substituted metals LaNi{sub 4.6}M{sub 0.4}H{sub x} with M = Sn, Ge, and Si, for comparison to bare LaNi{sub 5}H{sub x}. The relaxation times T{sub 2}{sup *} (FID), T{sub 2} (Hahn echo), T{sub 2}-CPMG, T{sub 1}, and T{sub 1{rho}} were determined from 130 to 375 K. The three substituents result in only small increases in the average rate of motion at a given temperature but with a broader distribution of rates over the many inequivalent H sites and hopping paths. Evidently, the average energy barriers along the paths for H motion are only little affected by these substituents. Changes of H content x produce only minor changes in the relaxation times.

  15. Yb{sub 6}Ir{sub 5}Ga{sub 7} - a MgZn{sub 2} superstructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seidel, Stefan; Poettgen, Rainer [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149, Muenster (Germany)

    2017-02-15

    The gallide Yb{sub 6}Ir{sub 5}Ga{sub 7} was synthesized by high-frequency melting of the elements in a sealed niobium ampoule. The structure was refined from single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Nb{sub 6.4}Ir{sub 4}Al{sub 7.6} type, P6{sub 3}/mcm, a = 930.4(1), c = 843.0(1) pm, wR{sub 2} = 0.0597, 379 F{sup 2} values and 22 variables. Yb{sub 6}Ir{sub 5}Ga{sub 7} adopts a superstructure of the MgZn{sub 2} Laves phase by a complete ordering of the iridium and gallium atoms on the zinc substructure, i.e. the network consists of ordered and condensed Ir{sub 3}Ga and IrGa{sub 3} tetrahedra with Ir-Ga distances ranging from 260 to 265 pm. The crystal chemical details and the underlying group-subgroup scheme are discussed. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  16. High-pressure studies on a new superconducting clathrate: Ba sub 6 Ge sub 2 sub 5

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, H Q; Carrillo-Cabrera, W; Paschen, S; Sparn, G; Baenitz, M; Grin, Y; Steglich, F

    2002-01-01

    The effect of pressure on the low-temperature states of the newly discovered clathrate Ba sub 6 Ge sub 2 sub 5 is investigated by means of measurements of the electrical resistivity. At ambient pressure, Ba sub 6 Ge sub 2 sub 5 undergoes a two-step structural phase transition between 230 and 180 K from metallic behaviour to a high-resistivity state characterized by a mean free path of about 3 A. Interestingly, a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-like (BCS-like) superconducting transition occurs at T sub C approx 0.24 K from the resulting 'bad metal'. With increasing pressure, the structural phase transition is depressed but T sub C increases drastically. T sub C reaches a maximum value of 3.85 K at the critical pressure p sub C approx 2.8 GPa, where the structural distortion is completely suppressed and the system exhibits metallic behaviour. Higher pressures lead to a slight decrease of T sub C.

  17. CsAg{sub 5}Te{sub 3}: a new metal-rich telluride with a unique tunnel structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jing, Li [Rutgers Univ., Camden, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chem.; Hongyou, Guo [Rutgers Univ., Camden, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chem.; Xiang, Zhang [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Kanatzidis, M G [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

    1995-02-15

    The synthesis and structure of a new ternary silver telluride, CsAg{sub 5}Te{sub 3}, is described. The compound was prepared from a Cs{sub 2}Te-CaTe-Te flux but it can also be prepared from a direct combination of Cs{sub 2}Te and Ag{sub 2}Te under vacuum at 600 C. The crystal data for CsAg{sub 5}Te{sub 3} at 20 C (Mo K{alpha} radiation) are as follows: a=14.672(2) A and c=4.601(3) A; V=990.5(8) A{sup 3}; Z=4; D{sub calc}=7.075 g cm{sup -3}; space group, P4{sub 2} /mnm (No. 136); 2{theta}{sub max}=50 ; number of independent data collected, 572; number of data observed with I>3{sigma}(I), 267; number of variables, 32; {mu}=218.51 cm{sup -1}; extinction coefficient, 0.585x10{sup -7}; final R=0.040; R{sub w}=0.046; goodness of fit, 1.42. The compound features a new structure type with Cs{sup +}-filled, relatively large tunnels running through the lattice. The material is a semiconductor with a band gap of about 0.65 eV. ((orig.))

  18. Palladium mixed-metal surface-modified AB<sub>5-type intermetallides enhance hydrogen sorption kinetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman V. Denys

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Surface engineering approaches were adopted in the preparation of advanced hydrogen sorption materials, based on ‘low-temperature’, AB<sub>5-type intermetallides. The approaches investigated included micro-encapsulation with palladium and mixed-metal mantles using electroless plating. The influence of micro-encapsulation on the surface morphology and kinetics of hydrogen charging were investigated. It was found that palladium-nickel (Pd-Ni co-deposition by electroless plating significantly improved the kinetics of hydrogen charging of the AB<sub>5-type intermetallides at low hydrogen pressure and temperature, after long-term pre-exposure to air. The improvement in the kinetics of hydrogen charging was credited to a synergistic effect between the palladium and nickel atoms in the catalytic mantle and the formation of an ‘interfacial bridge’ for hydrogen diffusion by the nickel atoms in the deposited layer. The developed surface-modified materials may find application in highly selective hydrogen extraction, purification, and storage from impure hydrogen feeds.

  19. Biodegradation and detoxification of melanoidin from distillery effluent using an aerobic bacterial strain SAG{sub 5} of Alcaligenes faecalis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santal, Anita Rani, E-mail: anita.gangotra@gmail.com [Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak-124001, Haryana (India); Singh, N.P. [Centre for Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak-124001, Haryana (India); Saharan, Baljeet Singh [Department of Microbiology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana (India)

    2011-10-15

    Highlights: {yields} The Alcaligenes faecalis strain SAG{sub 5} decolorizes 72.6 {+-} 0.56% of melanoidins. {yields} The decolorization was achieved at pH 7.5 and temperature 37 {sup o}C on 5th day. {yields} The distillery effluent after biological treatment is environmentally safe. - Abstract: Distillery effluent retains very dark brown color even after anaerobic treatment due to presence of various water soluble, recalcitrant and coloring compounds mainly melanoidins. In laboratory conditions, melanoidin decolorizing bacteria was isolated and optimized the cultural conditions at various incubation temperatures, pH, carbon sources, nitrogen sources and combined effect of both carbon and nitrogen sources. The optimum decolorization (72.6 {+-} 0.56%) of melanoidins was achieved at pH 7.5 and temperature 37 {sup o}C on 5th day of cultivation. The toxicity evaluation with mung bean (Vigna radiata) revealed that the raw distillery effluent was environmentally highly toxic as compared to biologically treated distillery effluent, which indicated that the effluent after bacterial treatment is environmentally safe. This proves to be novel biological treatment technique for biodegradation and detoxification of melanoidin from distillery effluent using the bacterial strain SAG{sub 5}.

  20. Nanostructured rare earth doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}: Structural, optical properties and their correlation with photonic applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Rafael Ramiro; Aquino, Felipe Thomaz [Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirão Preto, SP CEP 14040-901 (Brazil); Ferrier, Alban [PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech-CNRS, Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris, 75005 Paris (France); Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France); Goldner, Philippe [PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech-CNRS, Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris, 75005 Paris (France); Gonçalves, Rogéria R., E-mail: rrgoncalves@ffclrp.usp.br [Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirão Preto, SP CEP 14040-901 (Brazil)

    2016-02-15

    In the present work, we report on a systematic study on structural and spectroscopic properties Eu{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+}-doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} prepared by sol–gel method. The Eu{sup 3+} ions were used as structural probe to determine the symmetry sites occupied by lanthanide ions. The Eu{sup 3+}-doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystalline powders were annealed at different temperatures to verify how the different Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} crystalline phases affect the structure and the luminescence properties. Er{sup 3+}-doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} was prepared showing an intense NIR luminescence, and, visible luminescence on the green and red, deriving from upconversion process. The synthetized materials can find widespread applicability in photonics as red luminophor for white LED (with tricolor), optical amplifiers and upconverter materials. - Highlights: • Vis and NIR emission from nanostructured lanthanide doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}. • Eu{sup 3+}-doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} as Red luminophor. • Multicolor tunability of intense upconversion emission from lanthanide doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}. • Potential application as biological markers. • Broad band NIR emission.