$b \\to s \\gamma$ Decay in $SU(2)_L \\times SU(2)_R \\times U(1)$ Extensions of the Standard Model
Cho, Peter; Misiak, Mikolaj
1993-01-01
The rare radiative decay $b \\to s \\gamma$ is studied in $SU(2)_L \\times SU(2)_R \\times U(1)$ extensions of the Standard Model. Matching conditions for coefficients of operators appearing in the low energy effective Hamiltonian for this process are derived, and QCD corrections to these coefficients are analyzed. The $b \\to s \\gamma$ decay rate is then calculated and compared with the corresponding Standard Model result. We find that observable deviations from Standard Model predictions can occ...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hue, L.T. [Duy Tan University, Institute of Research and Development, Da Nang City (Viet Nam); Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Institute of Physics, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Arbuzov, A.B. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Researches, Bogoliubov Laboratory for Theoretical Physics, Dubna (Russian Federation); Ngan, N.T.K. [Cantho University, Department of Physics, Cantho (Viet Nam); Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Graduate University of Science and Technology, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Long, H.N. [Ton Duc Thang University, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Research Group, Ho Chi Minh City (Viet Nam); Ton Duc Thang University, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ho Chi Minh City (Viet Nam)
2017-05-15
The neutrino and Higgs sectors in the SU(2){sub 1} x SU(2){sub 2} x U(1){sub Y} model with lepton-flavor non-universality are discussed. We show that active neutrinos can get Majorana masses from radiative corrections, after adding only new singly charged Higgs bosons. The mechanism for the generation of neutrino masses is the same as in the Zee models. This also gives a hint to solving the dark matter problem based on similar ways discussed recently in many radiative neutrino mass models with dark matter. Except the active neutrinos, the appearance of singly charged Higgs bosons and dark matter does not affect significantly the physical spectrum of all particles in the original model. We indicate this point by investigating the Higgs sector in both cases before and after singly charged scalars are added into it. Many interesting properties of physical Higgs bosons, which were not shown previously, are explored. In particular, the mass matrices of charged and CP-odd Higgs fields are proportional to the coefficient of triple Higgs coupling μ. The mass eigenstates and eigenvalues in the CP-even Higgs sector are also presented. All couplings of the SM-like Higgs boson to normal fermions and gauge bosons are different from the SM predictions by a factor c{sub h}, which must satisfy the recent global fit of experimental data, namely 0.995 < vertical stroke c{sub h} vertical stroke < 1. We have analyzed a more general diagonalization of gauge boson mass matrices, then we show that the ratio of the tangents of the W-W{sup '} and Z-Z{sup '} mixing angles is exactly the cosine of the Weinberg angle, implying that number of parameters is reduced by 1. Signals of new physics from decays of new heavy fermions and Higgs bosons at LHC and constraints of their masses are also discussed. (orig.)
Hue, L. T.; Arbuzov, A. B.; Ngan, N. T. K.; Long, H. N.
2017-05-01
The neutrino and Higgs sectors in the { SU(2) }_1 × { SU(2) }_2 × { U(1) }_Y model with lepton-flavor non-universality are discussed. We show that active neutrinos can get Majorana masses from radiative corrections, after adding only new singly charged Higgs bosons. The mechanism for the generation of neutrino masses is the same as in the Zee models. This also gives a hint to solving the dark matter problem based on similar ways discussed recently in many radiative neutrino mass models with dark matter. Except the active neutrinos, the appearance of singly charged Higgs bosons and dark matter does not affect significantly the physical spectrum of all particles in the original model. We indicate this point by investigating the Higgs sector in both cases before and after singly charged scalars are added into it. Many interesting properties of physical Higgs bosons, which were not shown previously, are explored. In particular, the mass matrices of charged and CP-odd Higgs fields are proportional to the coefficient of triple Higgs coupling μ . The mass eigenstates and eigenvalues in the CP-even Higgs sector are also presented. All couplings of the SM-like Higgs boson to normal fermions and gauge bosons are different from the SM predictions by a factor c_h, which must satisfy the recent global fit of experimental data, namely 0.995Z-Z' mixing angles is exactly the cosine of the Weinberg angle, implying that number of parameters is reduced by 1. Signals of new physics from decays of new heavy fermions and Higgs bosons at LHC and constraints of their masses are also discussed.
Supersymmetry Breaking Threshold Corrections in the $SU(4)\\times SU(2)_L\\times SU(2)_R$ Model
Korakianitis, O.; Tracas, N. D.
1993-01-01
We evaluate the SUSY and top threshold effects in the context of the MSSM and the string derived model based on SU(4)$\\times$SU(2)$_L\\times$SU(2)$_R$. In both cases we run the two loop RGEs and determine the lower bounds of the supersymmetric particle masses, dictated by the experimentally accepted regions of the values of the low energy parameters.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shnirman, A., E-mail: alexander.shnirman@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut fur Theorie der Kondensierten Materie (Germany); Saha, A. [Institute of Physics (India); Burmistrov, I. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation); Kiselev, M. N. [International Center for Theoretical Physics (Italy); Altland, A. [Universität zu Köln, Institut für Theoretische Physik (Germany); Gefen, Y. [Weizmann Institute of Science, Department of Condensed Matter Physics (Israel)
2016-03-15
There are two paradigmatic frameworks for treating quantum systems coupled to a dissipative environment: the Caldeira–Leggett and Ambegaokar–Eckern–Schön approaches. Here, we recall the differences between them and explain the consequences of applying each to a zero-dimensional spin (having an SU(2) symmetry) in a dissipative environment (a dissipative quantum dot near or beyond the Stoner instability point).
Time-Reversal Symmetric U(1) Quantum Spin Liquids
Chong Wang; Senthil, T.
2016-01-01
We study possible quantum U(1) spin liquids in three dimensions with time-reversal symmetry. We find a total of seven families of such U(1) spin liquids, distinguished by the properties of their emergent electric or magnetic charges. We show how these spin liquids are related to each other. Two of these classes admit nontrivial protected surface states which we describe. We show how to access all of the seven spin liquids through slave particle (parton) constructions. We also provide intuitiv...
Time-Reversal Symmetric U(1 Quantum Spin Liquids
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chong Wang
2016-03-01
Full Text Available We study possible quantum U(1 spin liquids in three dimensions with time-reversal symmetry. We find a total of seven families of such U(1 spin liquids, distinguished by the properties of their emergent electric or magnetic charges. We show how these spin liquids are related to each other. Two of these classes admit nontrivial protected surface states which we describe. We show how to access all of the seven spin liquids through slave particle (parton constructions. We also provide intuitive loop gas descriptions of their ground-state wave functions. One of these phases is the “topological Mott insulator,” conventionally described as a topological insulator of an emergent fermionic “spinon.” We show that this phase admits a remarkable dual description as a topological insulator of emergent fermionic magnetic monopoles. This results in a new (possibly natural surface phase for the topological Mott insulator and a new slave particle construction. We describe some of the continuous quantum phase transitions between the different U(1 spin liquids. Each of these seven families of states admits a finer distinction in terms of their surface properties, which we determine by combining these spin liquids with symmetry-protected topological phases. We discuss lessons for materials such as pyrochlore quantum spin ices which may harbor a U(1 spin liquid. We suggest the topological Mott insulator as a possible ground state in some range of parameters for the quantum spin ice Hamiltonian.
Discrete Anomaly and Dynamical Mass in 2+1 dimensional $U(1)_V\\times U(1)_A$ Model
Hong, Deog Ki
1995-01-01
We note that in (2+1)-dimensional gauge theories with even number of massless fermions, there is anomalous $Z_2$ symmetry if theory is regularized in a parity-invariant way. We then consider a parity invariant $U(1)_V\\times U(1)_A$ model, which induces a mutual Chern-Simons term in the effective action due to $Z_2$ anomaly. The effect of the discrete anomaly is studied in the induced spin and in the dynamical fermion mass.
From instantons to sphalerons: Time-dependent periodic solutions of SU(2)-Higgs theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Frost, K.L.; Yaffe, L.G. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105-1560 (United States)
1999-11-01
We solve numerically for periodic, spherically symmetric, classical solutions of SU(2)-Higgs theory in four-dimensional Euclidean space. In the limit of short periods the solutions approach tiny instanton{endash}anti-instanton superpositions while, for longer periods, the solutions merge with the static sphaleron. A previously predicted bifurcation point, where two branches of periodic solutions meet, appears for Higgs boson masses larger than 3.091M{sub W}. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}
Real-Time Dynamics in U(1 Lattice Gauge Theories with Tensor Networks
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T. Pichler
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Tensor network algorithms provide a suitable route for tackling real-time-dependent problems in lattice gauge theories, enabling the investigation of out-of-equilibrium dynamics. We analyze a U(1 lattice gauge theory in (1+1 dimensions in the presence of dynamical matter for different mass and electric-field couplings, a theory akin to quantum electrodynamics in one dimension, which displays string breaking: The confining string between charges can spontaneously break during quench experiments, giving rise to charge-anticharge pairs according to the Schwinger mechanism. We study the real-time spreading of excitations in the system by means of electric-field and particle fluctuations. We determine a dynamical state diagram for string breaking and quantitatively evaluate the time scales for mass production. We also show that the time evolution of the quantum correlations can be detected via bipartite von Neumann entropies, thus demonstrating that the Schwinger mechanism is tightly linked to entanglement spreading. To present a variety of possible applications of this simulation platform, we show how one could follow the real-time scattering processes between mesons and the creation of entanglement during scattering processes. Finally, we test the quality of quantum simulations of these dynamics, quantifying the role of possible imperfections in cold atoms, trapped ions, and superconducting circuit systems. Our results demonstrate how entanglement properties can be used to deepen our understanding of basic phenomena in the real-time dynamics of gauge theories such as string breaking and collisions.
Piedra, Owen Pavel Fernández; Nuñez, Fidel Sosa; Castillo, Jose Bernal; Santana, Yulier Jimenez
The aim of the present report is the study of massless fermion perturbations outside five-dimensional stringy black holes with U(1) charges. The Dirac equation was numerically solved to obtain the time profiles for evolving fermion fields, and the quasinormal frequencies at intermediate times are computed by numerical Prony fitting and semi-analytical Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) expansion at sixth-order. We also computed numerically the latetime power law decay factors, showing that there are in correspondence with previously reported results for the case of boson fields in higher-dimensional odd spacetimes. The dependence of quasinormal frequencies with U(1) compactification charges are studied.
Piedra, Owen Pavel Fernández; Sosa, Fidel; Bernal-Castillo, José L.; Jimenez, Yulier
2011-01-01
The aim of the present report is to study massless fermion perturbations outside five-dimensional stringy black holes with U(1) charges. The Dirac equation was numerically solved to obtain the time profiles for the evolving fermion fields, and the quasinormal frequencies at intermediate times are computed by numerical Prony fitting and semianalytical WKB expansion at sixth order. We also computed numerically the late-time power law decay factors, showing that there are in correspondence with ...
Gauge coupling running in minimal SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) superstring unification
Ibáñez, L E; Ross, Graham G
1991-01-01
We study the evolution of the gauge coupling constants in string unification schemes in which the light spectrum below the compactification scale is exactly that of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. In the absence of string threshold corrections the predicted values $\\sin^2\\theta _W=0.218$ and $\\alpha _s=0.20$ are in gross conflict with experiment, but these corrections are generically important. One can express the string threshold corrections to $\\sin^2\\theta _W$ and $\\alpha_s$ in terms of certain $modular$ $weights$ of quark, lepton and Higgs superfields as well as the $moduli$ of the string model. We find that in order to get agreement with the experimental measurements within the context of this $minimal$ scheme, certain constraints on the $modular$ $weights$ of the quark, lepton and Higgs superfields should be obeyed. Our analysis indicates that this $minimal$ $string$ $unification$
Weinberg Angle Derivation from Discrete Subgroups of SU(2 and All That
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Potter F.
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The Weinberg angle W of the Standard Model of leptons and quarks is derived from specific discrete (i.e., finite subgroups of the electroweak local gauge group SU(2 L U(1 Y . In addition, the cancellation of the triangle anomaly is achieved even when there are four quark families and three lepton families!
SU(2|2) supersymmetric mechanics
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Ivanov, Evgeny [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research,Dubna, Moscow Region, 141980 (Russian Federation); Lechtenfeld, Olaf [Institut für Theoretische Physik and Riemann Center for Geometry and Physics,Leibniz Universität Hannover,Appelstraße 2, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Sidorov, Stepan [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research,Dubna, Moscow Region, 141980 (Russian Federation)
2016-11-07
We introduce a new kind of non-relativistic N= 8 supersymmetric mechanics, associated with worldline realizations of the supergroup SU(2|2) treated as a deformation of flat N= 8, d=1 supersymmetry. Various worldline SU(2|2) superspaces are constructed as coset manifolds of this supergroup, and the corresponding superfield techniques are developed. For the off-shell SU(2|2) multiplets (3,8,5), (4,8,4) and (5,8,3), we construct and analyze the most general superfield and component actions. Common features are mass oscillator-type terms proportional to the deformation parameter and a trigonometric realization of the superconformal group OSp(4{sup ∗}|4) in the conformal cases. For the simplest (5,8,3) model the quantization is performed.
Infrared behaviors of SU(2 gauge theory
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Tuominen Kimmo
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We will discuss some recent results in the determination of the location of the conformal window in SU(2 gauge theory with Nf fermions in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. In particular, we will demonstrate that the long distance behavior of the continuum theory with Nf = 6 is governed by an infrared stable fixed point.
Temme, F P
2004-03-01
The physics of dual group scalar invariants (SIs) as (Lie algebraic) group measures (L-GMs) and its significance to non-Abelian NMR spin systems motivates this overview of uniform general-2n [AX](2n) spin evolution, which represents an extensive addendum to Corio's earlier (essentially restricted) view of Abelian spin system SU(2)-based SI-cardinalities. The [Formula: see text] values in [J. Magn. Reson., 134 (1998) 131] arise from strictly linear recoupled time-reversal invariance (TRI) models. In contrast, here we discuss the physical significance of an alternative polyhedral combinatorics approach to democratic recoupling (DR), a property inherent in both the TRI and statistical sampling. Recognition of spin ensemble SIs as being L-GMs over isomorphic algebras is invaluable in many DR-based NMR problems. Various [AX]n model spin systems, including the [AX]3 bis odd-odd parity spin system, are examined as direct applications of these L-GM- and combinatorial-based SI ideas. Hence in place of /SI/=15 (implied by Corio's [Formula: see text] approach), the bis 3-fold spin system cardinality is seen now as constrained to a single invariant on an isomorphic product algebra under L-GMs, in accord with the subspectral analysis of Jones et al. [Canad. J. Chem., 43 (1965) 683]. The group projective ideas cited here for DR (as cf. to graph theoretic views) apply to highly degenerate non-Abelian problems. Over dual tensorial bases, they define models of spin dynamical evolution whose (SR) quasiparticle superboson carrier (sub)spaces are characterised by SIs acting as explicit auxiliary labels [Physica, A198 (1993) 245; J. Math. Chem., 31 (2002) 281]. A deeper [Formula: see text] network-based view of spin-alone space developed in Balasubramanian's work [J. Chem. Phys., 78 (1983) 6358] is especially important, (e.g.) in the study of spin waves [J. Math. Chem., 31 (2002) 363]. Beyond the specific NMR SIs derived here, there are DR applications where a sporadic, still higher, 2
CP Violation in Supersymmetric U(1)' Models
Demir, D A
2004-01-01
The supersymmetric CP problem is studied within superstring-motivated extensions of the MSSM with an additional U(1)' gauge symmetry broken at the TeV scale. This class of models offers an attractive solution to the mu problem of the MSSM, in which U(1)' gauge invariance forbids the bare mu term, but an effective mu parameter is generated by the vacuum expectation value of a Standard Model singlet S which has superpotential coupling of the form SH_uH_d to the electroweak Higgs doublets. The effective mu parameter is thus dynamically determined as a function of the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters, and can be complex if the soft parameters have nontrivial CP-violating phases. We examine the phenomenological constraints on the reparameterization invariant phase combinations within this framework, and find that the supersymmetric CP problem can be greatly alleviated in models in which the phase of the SU(2) gaugino mass parameter is aligned with the soft trilinear scalar mass parameter associated with the ...
Symmetry enriched U(1) quantum spin liquids
Zou, Liujun; Wang, Chong; Senthil, T.
2017-01-01
We classify and characterize three dimensional $U(1)$ quantum spin liquids (deconfined $U(1)$ gauge theories) with global symmetries. These spin liquids have an emergent gapless photon and emergent electric/magnetic excitations (which we assume are gapped). We first discuss in great detail the case with time reversal and $SO(3)$ spin rotational symmetries. We find there are 15 distinct such quantum spin liquids based on the properties of bulk excitations. We show how to interpret them as gaug...
Klevers, Denis
2016-01-01
We give an explicit construction of a class of F-theory models with matter in the three-index symmetric (4) representation of SU(2). This matter is realized at codimension two loci in the F-theory base where the divisor carrying the gauge group is singular; the associated Weierstrass model does not have the form associated with a generic SU(2) Tate model. For 6D theories, the matter is localized at a triple point singularity of arithmetic genus g=3 in the curve supporting the SU(2) group. This is the first explicit realization of matter in F-theory in a representation corresponding to a genus contribution greater than one. The construction is realized by "unHiggsing" a model with a U(1) gauge factor under which there is matter with charge q=3. The resulting SU(2) models can be further unHiggsed to realize non-Abelian G_2xSU(2) models with more conventional matter content or SU(2)^3 models with trifundamental matter. The U(1) models used as the basis for this construction do not seem to have a Weierstrass real...
Static solutions of SU(2)-Higgs theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yaffe, L.G. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (US))
1989-11-15
The structure and stability of static spherically symmetric solutions in the SU(2)-Higgs theory are examined using both analytic and numerical methods. Accurate results are presented for the energy and instability growth rates of the sphaleron'' solution as a function of the Higgs-boson mass. The sphaleron is shown to undergo an infinite sequence of bifurcations as the Higgs-boson mass is increased, starting at {ital M}{sub {ital H}}=12M{sub W}. New deformed sphaleron'' solutions emerge from each of these bifurcations. These deformed sphalerons are not charge-conjugation invariant, have non-half-integral winding numbers, and are lower in energy than the original sphaleron. Hence, for sufficiently large Higgs-boson mass, minimal-energy paths connecting inequivalent vacuum states do not pass through the original sphaleron configuration.
Periodic Euclidean solutions of SU(2)-Higgs theory
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Frost, K.L.; Yaffe, L.G. [University of Washington, Department of Physics, Seattle, Washington 98105-1560 (United States)
1999-03-01
We examine periodic, spherically symmetric, classical solutions of SU(2)-Higgs theory in four-dimensional Euclidean space. Classical perturbation theory is used to construct periodic time-dependent solutions in the neighborhood of the static sphaleron. The behavior of the action, as a function of period, changes character depending on the value of the Higgs boson mass. The required pattern of bifurcations of solutions as a function of the Higgs boson mass is examined, and implications for the temperature dependence of the baryon number violation rate in the standard model are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}
Cvetic, Mirjam; Piragua, Hernan; Taylor, Washington
2015-01-01
We construct the general form of an F-theory compactification with two U(1) factors based on a general elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau manifold with Mordell-Weil group of rank two. This construction produces broad classes of models with diverse matter spectra, including many that are not realized in earlier F-theory constructions with U(1)xU(1) gauge symmetry. Generic U(1)xU(1) models can be related to a Higgsed non-Abelian model with gauge group SU(2)xSU(2)xSU(3), SU(2)^3xSU(3), or a subgroup thereof. The nonlocal horizontal divisors of the Mordell-Weil group are replaced with local vertical divisors associated with the Cartan generators of non-Abelian gauge groups from Kodaira singularities. We give a global resolution of codimension two singularities of the Abelian model; we identify the full anomaly free matter content, and match it to the unHiggsed non-Abelian model. The non-Abelian Weierstrass model exhibits a new algebraic description of the singularities in the fibration that results in the first expl...
Entangled SU(2) and SU(1,1) coherent states
Wang, Xiao-Guang; Sanders, Barry C.; Pan, Shao-Hua
2000-01-01
Entangled SU(2) and SU(1,1) coherent states are developed as superpositions of multiparticle SU(2) and SU(1,1) coherent states. In certain cases, these are coherent states with respect to generalized su(2) and su(1,1) generators, and multiparticle parity states arise as a special case. As a special example of entangled SU(2) coherent states, entangled binomial states are introduced and these entangled binomial states enable the contraction from entangled SU(2) coherent states to entangled har...
Minimization of the Scalar Potential in Softly Broken SU(2)×U(1) N=1 SYM with Higgs Matter
Kondrashuk, I. N.
We consider a particular extension of the scalar two-Higgs potential of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model to an arbitrary number of Higgs doublets. The extended potential has an absolute and only nontrivial minimum that is found exactly. It appears that this minimum is a simple analog to the well-known minimum of the MSSM. This result is applied to a low-energy Higgs potential of the finite Grand Unification Theory where six Higgs doublets are present.
SU(2)×U(1) gauge invariance and the shape of new physics in rare B decays.
Alonso, R; Grinstein, B; Martin Camalich, J
2014-12-12
New physics effects in B decays are routinely modeled through operators invariant under the strong and electromagnetic gauge symmetries. Assuming the scale for new physics is well above the electroweak scale, we further require invariance under the full standard model gauge symmetry group. Retaining up to dimension-six operators, we unveil new constraints between different new physics operators that are assumed to be independent in the standard phenomenological analyses. We illustrate this approach by analyzing the constraints on new physics from rare B(q) (semi-)leptonic decays.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guillermo García Fernández
2017-02-01
The result follows from strong antiscreening of the running coupling for those larger groups (with an appropriately small number of flavors together with scaling properties of the Dyson–Schwinger equation for the fermion mass.
Effective SU(2) theory for the pseudogap state
Montiel, X.; Kloss, T.; Pépin, C.
2017-03-01
This paper exposes in a detailed manner the recent findings about the SU(2) scenario for the underdoped phase of the cuprate superconductors. The SU(2) symmetry is formulated as a rotation between the d -wave superconducting (SC) phase and a d -wave charge order. We define the operators responsible for the SU(2) rotations and we derive the nonlinear σ model associated with it. In this framework, we demonstrate that SU(2) fluctuations are massless in finite portions of the Brillouin zone corresponding to the antinodal regions (0 ,π ) and (π ,0 ). We argue that the presence of SU(2) fluctuations in the antinodal region leads to the opening of Fermi arcs around the Fermi surface and to the formation of the pseudogap. Moreover, we show that SU(2) fluctuations lead, in turn, to the emergence of a finite momentum SC order—or pair density wave (PDW)—and more importantly to a new kind of excitonic particle-hole pairs liquid, the resonant excitonic state (RES), which is made of patches of preformed particle-hole pairs with multiple momenta. When the RES liquid becomes critical, we demonstrate that electronic scattering through the critical modes leads to anomalous transport properties. This new finding can account for the strange metal (SM) phase at finite temperature, on the right-hand side of the SC dome, shedding light on another notoriously mysterious part of the phase diagram of the cuprates.
Phase diagram of the lattice SU(2) Higgs model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bonati, C., E-mail: bonati@df.unipi.i [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Pisa (Italy); Cossu, G., E-mail: cossu@post.kek.j [Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN, Pisa (Italy); D' Elia, M., E-mail: Massimo.Delia@ge.infn.i [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Genova (Italy); Di Giacomo, A., E-mail: digiaco@df.unipi.i [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Pisa (Italy)
2010-03-21
We perform a detailed study of the phase diagram of the lattice Higgs SU(2) model with fixed Higgs field length. Consistently with previsions based on the Fradkin-Shenker theorem we find a first order transition line with an endpoint whose position we determined. The diagram also shows cross-over lines: the cross-over corresponding to the pure SU(2) bulk is also present at nonzero coupling with the Higgs field and merges with the one that continues the line of first order transition beyond the critical endpoint. At high temperature the first order line becomes a crossover, whose position moves by varying the temperature.
Polyakov loop percolation and deconfinement in SU(2) gauge theory
Fortunato, S.; Satz, H.
2000-03-01
The deconfinement transition in /SU(2) gauge theory and the magnetization transition in the Ising model belong to the same universality class. The critical behaviour of the Ising model can be characterized either as spontaneous breaking of the Z2 symmetry of spin states or as percolation of appropriately defined spin clusters. We show that deconfinement in /SU(2) gauge theory can be specified as percolation of Polyakov loop clusters with Fortuin-Kasteleyn bond weights, leading to the same (Onsager) critical exponents as the conventional order-disorder description based on the Polykov loop expectation value.
Equivariant spectral triples on the quantum SU(2) group
Chakraborty, Partha Sarathi; Pal, Arupkumar
2002-01-01
We characterize all equivariant odd spectral triples for the quantum SU(2) group acting on its L_2-space and having a nontrivial Chern character. It is shown that the dimension of an equivariant spectral triple is at least three, and given any element of the K-homology group of SU_q(2), there is an equivariant odd spectral triple of dimension 3 inducing that element. The method employed to get equivariant spectral triples in the quantum case is then used for classical SU(2), and we prove that...
Mass spectrum in d = 11 supergravity with SU(3) x U(1)/U(1) x U(1) compactification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lyakhovskii-breve, V.D.; Shtykov, N.N.
1987-07-01
The mass spectrum of excited states is calculated in the model of 11-dimensional supergravity over the AdS x SU(3) x U(1)/U(1) x U(1) vacuum configuration, where the internal space is characterized by five parameters. It is shown that for certain values of the parameters the massless sector of the model exhibits an appreciable number of excitations with various spins, which are not predicted by the supersymmetry of the vacuum state.
't Hooft loop and the phases of SU(2) LGT
Burgio, Giuseppe
2013-01-01
We analyze the vacuum structure of SU(2) lattice gauge theories in D=2,3,4, concentrating on the stability of 't Hooft loops. High precision calculations have been performed in D=3; similar results hold also for D=4 and D=2. We discuss the impact of our findings on the continuum limit of Yang-Mills theories.
Mass anomalous dimension in SU(2) with six fundamental fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bursa, Francis; Del Debbio, Luigi; Keegan, Liam
2010-01-01
We simulate SU(2) gauge theory with six massless fundamental Dirac fermions. We measure the running of the coupling and the mass in the Schroedinger Functional scheme. We observe very slow running of the coupling constant. We measure the mass anomalous dimension gamma, and find it is between 0.13...
The SU(2)-Higgs model on asymmetric lattices
Csikor, Ferenc
1996-01-01
We calculate the {\\cal O}(g^2,\\lambda) corrections to the coupling anisotropies of the SU(2)-Higgs model on lattices with asymmetric lattice spacings. These corrections are obtained by a one-loop calculation requiring the rotational invariance of the gauge- and Higgs-boson propagators in the continuum limit.
Large-volume results in SU(2) with adjoint fermions
Del Debbio, Luigi; Pica, Claudio; Patella, Agostino; Rago, Antonio; Roman, Sabin
2014-01-01
Taming finite-volume effects is a crucial ingredient in order to identify the existence of IR fixed points. We present the latest results from our numerical simulations of SU(2) gauge theory with 2 Dirac fermions in the adjoint representation on large volumes. We compare with previous results, and extrapolate to thermodynamic limit when possible.
Finite volume effects in SU(2) with two adjoint fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino
2011-01-01
Many evidences from lattice simulations support the idea that SU(2) with two Dirac flavors in the adjoint representation (also called Minimal Walking Technicolor) is IR conformal. A possible way to see this is through the behavior of the spectrum of the mass-deformed theory. When fermions are mas...
Large-volume results in SU(2) with adjoint fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Lucini, Biagio; Pica, Claudio
2013-01-01
Taming finite-volume effects is a crucial ingredient in order to identify the existence of IR fixed points. We present the latest results from our numerical simulations of SU(2) gauge theory with 2 Dirac fermions in the adjoint representation on large volumes. We compare with previous results, an...
Compactifications of IIA supergravity on SU(2)-structure manifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Spanjaard, B.
2008-07-15
In this thesis, we study compactifications of type IIA supergravity on six-dimensional manifolds with an SU(2)-structure. A general study of six-dimensional manifolds with SU(2)-structure shows that IIA supergravity compactified on such a manifold should yield a four-dimensional gauged N=4 supergravity. We explicitly derive the bosonic spectrum, gauge transformations and action for IIA supergravity compactified on two different manifolds with SU(2)-structure, one of which also has an H{sup (3)}{sub 10}-flux, and confirm that the resulting four-dimensional theories are indeed N=4 gauged supergravities. In the second chapter, we study an explicit construction of a set of SU(2)-structure manifolds. This construction involves a Scherk-Schwarz duality twist reduction of the half-maximal six-dimensional supergravity obtained by compactifying IIA supergravity on a K3. This reduction results in a gauged N=4 four-dimensional supergravity, where the gaugings can be divided into three classes of parameters. We relate two of the classes to parameters we found before, and argue that the third class of parameters could be interpreted as a mirror flux. (orig.)
How instantons solve the U(1) problem.
Hooft, G. 't
1986-01-01
The gauge theory for strong interactions, QCD, has an apparent U(1) symmetry that is not realized in the real world. The violation of the U(1) symmetry can be attributed to a well-known anomaly in the regularization of the theory, which in field configurations called 'instantons' can be seen to give
Mass anomalous dimension in SU(2) with six fundamental fermions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bursa, Francis, E-mail: fwb22@cam.ac.u [Jesus College, Cambridge, CB5 8BL (United Kingdom); Del Debbio, Luigi; Keegan, Liam [SUPA, School of Astrophysics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Pica, Claudio [CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark Odense, 5230 M (Denmark); Pickup, Thomas [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)
2011-02-07
We simulate SU(2) gauge theory with six massless fundamental Dirac fermions. We measure the running of the coupling and the mass in the Schroedinger Functional scheme. We observe very slow running of the coupling constant. We measure the mass anomalous dimension {gamma}, and find it is between 0.135 and 1.03 in the range of couplings consistent with the existence of an IR fixed point.
SU(2)-monopoles, curves with symmetries and Ramanujan's heritage
Braden, Harry W.; Ènol'skii, Viktor Z.
2010-08-01
We develop the Ercolani-Sinha construction of SU(2) monopoles for a five-parameter family of centred charge 3 monopoles. In particular we show how to solve the transcendental constraints arising on the spectral curve. For a class of symmetric curves the transcendental constraints become a number-theoretic problem and a recently proven identity of Ramanujan provides a solution. Bibliography: 36 titles.
Thermodynamics of SU(2 quantum Yang-Mills theory and CMB anomalies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hofmann Ralf
2014-04-01
Full Text Available A brief review of effective SU(2 Yang-Mills thermodynamics in the deconfining phase is given, including the construction of the thermal ground-state estimate in terms of an inert, adjoint scalar field φ, based on non-propagating (antiselfdual field configurations of topological charge unity. We also discuss kinematic constraints on interacting propagating gauge fields implied by the according spatial coarse-graining, and we explain why the screening physics of an SU(2 photon is subject to an electric-magnetically dual interpretation. This argument relies on the fact that only (anticalorons of scale parameter ρ ∼ |φ|−1 contribute to the coarse-graining required for thermal-ground-state emergence at temperature T. Thus, use of the effective gauge coupling e in the (anticaloron action is justified, yielding the value ħ for the latter at almost all temperatures. As a consequence, the indeterministic transition of initial to final plane waves caused by an effective, pointlike vertex is fundamentally mediated in Euclidean time by a single (anticaloron being part of the thermal ground state. Next, we elucidate how a low-frequency excess of line temperature in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB determines the value of the critical temperature of the deconfining-preconfining phase transition of an SU(2 Yang-Mills theory postulated to describe photon propagation, and we describe how, starting at a redshift of about unity, SU(2 photons collectively work 3D temperature depressions into the CMB. Upon projection along a line of sight, a given depression influences the present CMB sky in a cosmologically local way, possibly explaining the large-angle anomalies confirmed recently by the Planck collaboration. Finally, six relativistic polarisations residing in the SU(2 vector modes roughly match the number of degrees of freedom in cosmic neutrinos (Planck which would disqualify the latter as radiation. Indeed, if interpreted as single center
SU(2)CMB at high redshifts and the value of H0
Hahn, Steffen; Hofmann, Ralf
2017-07-01
We investigate a high-z cosmological model to compute the comoving sound horizon rs at baryon-velocity freeze-out towards the end of hydrogen recombination. This model assumes a replacement of the conventional cosmic microwave background (CMB) photon gas by deconfining SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics, three flavours of massless neutrinos (Nν = 3) and a purely baryonic matter sector [no cold dark-matter (CDM)]. The according SU(2) temperature-redshift relation of the CMB is contrasted with recent measurements appealing to the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect and CMB-photon absorption by molecular rotation bands or atomic hyperfine levels. Relying on a realistic simulation of the ionization history throughout recombination, we obtain z* = 1693.55 ± 6.98 and zdrag = 1812.66 ± 7.01. Due to considerable widths of the visibility functions in the solutions to the associated Boltzmann hierarchy and Euler equation, we conclude that z* and zdrag overestimate the redshifts for the respective photon and baryon-velocity freeze-out. Realistic decoupling values turn out to be zlf,* = 1554.89 ± 5.18 and zlf, drag = 1659.30 ± 5.48. With rs(zlf, drag) = (137.19 ± 0.45) Mpc and the essentially model independent extraction of rsH0 = constant from low-z data in Bernal, Verde & Riess, we obtain a good match with the value H0 = (73.24 ± 1.74) km s-1 Mpc-1 extracted in Riess et al. by appealing to Cepheid-calibrated Type Ia supernovae, new parallax measurements, stronger constraints on the Hubble flow and a refined computation of distance to NGC 4258 from maser data. We briefly comment on a possible interpolation of our high-z model, invoking percolated and unpercolated U(1) topological solitons of a Planck-scale axion field, to the phenomenologically successful low-z ΛCDM cosmology.
Spherically symmetric classical solutions in SU(2) gauge theory with a Higgs field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ratra, B.; Yaffe, L.G.
1988-04-21
A consistent ansatz for time dependent classical solutions in an SU(2) gauge theory with a doublet Higgs field is presented. The (3+1)-dimensional field equations are reduced to those of an effective (1+1)-dimensional theory. This ansatz describes solutions which travel between topologically distinct classical vacua of the non-abelian gauge theory. The real time version of these solutions describes the creation and decay of the unstable static 'sphaleron', the imaginary time version describes a euclidean instanton. (orig.)
SU (2) lattice gauge theory simulations on Fermi GPUs
Cardoso, Nuno; Bicudo, Pedro
2011-05-01
In this work we explore the performance of CUDA in quenched lattice SU (2) simulations. CUDA, NVIDIA Compute Unified Device Architecture, is a hardware and software architecture developed by NVIDIA for computing on the GPU. We present an analysis and performance comparison between the GPU and CPU in single and double precision. Analyses with multiple GPUs and two different architectures (G200 and Fermi architectures) are also presented. In order to obtain a high performance, the code must be optimized for the GPU architecture, i.e., an implementation that exploits the memory hierarchy of the CUDA programming model. We produce codes for the Monte Carlo generation of SU (2) lattice gauge configurations, for the mean plaquette, for the Polyakov Loop at finite T and for the Wilson loop. We also present results for the potential using many configurations (50,000) without smearing and almost 2000 configurations with APE smearing. With two Fermi GPUs we have achieved an excellent performance of 200× the speed over one CPU, in single precision, around 110 Gflops/s. We also find that, using the Fermi architecture, double precision computations for the static quark-antiquark potential are not much slower (less than 2× slower) than single precision computations.
Finite-temperature screening of U (1) fractons
Pretko, Michael
2017-09-01
We investigate the finite-temperature screening behavior of three-dimensional U (1 ) spin-liquid phases with fracton excitations. Several features are shared with the conventional U (1 ) spin liquid. The system can exhibit spin-liquid physics over macroscopic length scales at low temperatures, but screening effects eventually lead to a smooth finite-temperature crossover to a trivial phase at sufficiently large distances. However, unlike more conventional U (1 ) spin liquids, we find that complete low-temperature screening of fractons requires not only very large distances, but also very long time scales. At the longest time scales, a charged disturbance (fracton) will acquire a screening cloud of other fractons, resulting in only short-range correlations in the system. At intermediate time scales, on the other hand, a fracton can only be partially screened by a cloud of mobile excitations, leaving weak power-law correlations in the system. Such residual power-law correlations may be a useful diagnostic in an experimental search for U (1 ) fracton phases.
The effective U(1)-Higgs theory at strong coupling on optical lattices?
Bazavov, Alexei; Tsai, Shan-Wen; Meurice, Yannick
2014-01-01
We discuss the U(1)-Higgs model in two dimensions in the strongly coupled regime. If we neglect the plaquette interactions, we generate an effective theory where link variables are integrated out, producing 4-field operators. Plaquette interactions can be restored order by order as in recent calculations with staggered fermions. In the case of a SU(2) gauge theory with fermions, this strong coupling expansion can be related to the strong coupling expansion of Fermi-Hubbard models possibly implementable on optical lattice. We would like to provide a similar construction relating the U(1)-Higgs model to some Bose-Hubbard model. As a first step in this direction, we discuss a recent proposal to implement the O(2) model on optical lattices using a 87Rb and 41K Bose-Bose mixture of cold atoms.
Deletion of SNURF/SNRPN U1B and U1B* upstream exons in a ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
we report the case of a patient who was referred to us with Prader–Willi syndrome-like symptoms including obesity and developmental delay. Examination of this patient revealed that he was a carrier of a paternally inherited deletion that affected the U1B and U1B* upstream exons of the SNURF–SNRNP gene within the ...
Deletion of SNURF/SNRPN U1B and U1B* upstream exons in a ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Here, we report the case of a patient who was referred to us with Prader–Willi syndrome-like symptoms including obesity and developmental delay. Examination of this patient revealed that he was a carrier of a paternally inherited deletion that affected the U1B and U1B* upstream exons of the SNURF–SNRNP gene within ...
Gravitational leptogenesis in axion inflation with SU(2) gauge field
Maleknejad, Azadeh
2016-12-01
We present an intrinsic leptogenesis mechanism in models of axion inflation with a classical SU(2) gauge field. The gauge field is coupled to the axion with a Chern-Simons interaction and comprises a tiny fraction of the total energy, ρYM/ρtot lesssim epsilon2. However, it has spin-2 fluctuations which breaks the parity and leads to the generation of chiral gravitational waves during inflation. By the gravitational anomaly in SM, it naturally creates a net lepton number density, sufficient to explain the matter asymmetry. We show that this mechanism can generate the observed value of baryon to photon number density in a natural range of parameters and yet has a small chiral tensor power spectrum on large scales.
SU(2) Gauge Theory with Two Fundamental Flavours
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Arthur, Rudy; Drach, Vincent; Hansen, Martin
2016-01-01
(Goldstone) Higgs theories to several intriguing types of dark matter candidates, such as the SIMPs. We improve our previous lattice analysis [1] by adding more data at light quark masses, at two additional lattice spacings, by determining the lattice cutoff via a Wilson flow measure of the $w_0$ parameter......We investigate the continuum spectrum of the SU(2) gauge theory with $N_f=2$ flavours of fermions in the fundamental representation. This model provides a minimal template which is ideal for a wide class of Standard Model extensions featuring novel strong dynamics that range from composite......, and by measuring the relevant renormalisation constants non-perturbatively in the RI'-MOM scheme. Our results for the lightest isovector states in the vector and axial channels, in units of the pseudoscalar decay constant, are $m_V/F_{\\rm{PS}}\\sim 13.1(2.2)$ and $m_A/F_{\\rm{PS}}\\sim 14.5(3.6)$ (combining...
Dynamic SU(2) structure from seven-branes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Heidenreich, Ben; McAllister, Liam; /Cornell U., Phys. Dept.; Torroba, Gonzalo; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2010-12-16
We obtain a family of supersymmetric solutions of type IIB supergravity with dynamic SU(2) structure, which describe the local geometry near a stack of four D7-branes and one O7-plane wrapping a rigid four-cycle. The deformation to a generalized complex geometry is interpreted as a consequence of nonperturbative effects in the seven-brane gauge theory. We formulate the problem for seven-branes wrapping the base of an appropriate del Pezzo cone, and in the near-stack limit in which the four-cycle is flat, we obtain an exact solution in closed form. Our solutions serve to characterize the local geometry of nonperturbatively-stabilized flux compactifications.
Finite volume effects in SU(2) with two adjoint fermions
Patella, Agostino; Lucini, Biagio; Pica, Claudio; Rago, Antonio
2011-01-01
Many evidences from lattice simulations support the idea that SU(2) with two Dirac flavors in the adjoint representation (also called Minimal Walking Technicolor) is IR conformal. A possible way to see this is through the behavior of the spectrum of the mass-deformed theory. When fermions are massive, a mass-gap is generated and the theory is confined. IR-conformality is recovered in the chiral limit: masses of particles vanish in the chiral limit, while their ratios stay finite. In order to trust this analysis one has to relay on the infinite volume extrapolation. We will discuss the finite volume effects on the mesonic spectrum, investigated by varying the size of the lattice and by changing the boundary conditions for the fields.
Confinement from semiclassical gluon fields in SU(2) gauge theory
Langfeld, Kurt
2010-01-01
The infrared structure of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory is studied by means of lattice gauge simulations using a new constrained cooling technique. This method reduces the action while all Polyakov lines on the lattice remain unchanged. In contrast to unconstrained cooling, quark confinement is still intact. A study of the Hessian of the Yang-Mills action shows that low action (semi-) classical configurations can be achieved, with a characteristic splitting between collective modes and higher momentum modes. Besides confinement, the semiclassical configurations also support the topological susceptibility and generate spontaneous breakdown of chiral symmetry.We show that they possess a cluster structure of locally mainly (anti-) selfdual objects. By contrast to an instanton or a meron medium, the topological charge of individual clusters is smoothly distributed.
Topology in SU(2) lattice gauge theory and parallelization of functional magnetic resonance imaging
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Solbrig, Stefan
2008-07-01
In this thesis, I discuss topological properties of quenched SU(2) lattice gauge fields. In particular, clusters of topological charge density exhibit a power-law. The exponent of that power-law can be used to validate models for lattice gauge fields. Instead of working with fixed cutoffs of the topological charge density, using the notion of a ''watermark'' is more convenient. Furthermore, I discuss how a parallel computer, originally designed for lattice gauge field simulations, can be used for functional magnetic resonance imaging. Multi parameter fits can be parallelized to achieve almost real-time evaluation of fMRI data. (orig.)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ralf Hofmann
2017-10-01
Full Text Available Based on a recent numerical simulation of the temporal evolution of a spherically perturbed BPS monopole, SU(2 Yang-Mills thermodynamics, Louis de Broglie’s deliberations on the disparate Lorentz transformations of the frequency of an internal “clock” on one hand and the associated quantum energy on the other hand, and postulating that the electron is represented by a figure-eight shaped, self-intersecting center vortex loop in SU(2 Quantum Yang-Mills theory we estimate the spatial radius R 0 of this self-intersection region in terms of the electron’s Compton wave length λ C . This region, which is immersed into the confining phase, constitutes a blob of deconfining phase of temperature T 0 mildly above the critical temperature T c carrying a frequently perturbed BPS monopole (with a magnetic-electric dual interpretation of its charge w.r.t. U(1⊂SU(2. We also establish a quantitative relation between rest mass m 0 of the electron and SU(2 Yang-Mills scale Λ , which in turn is defined via T c . Surprisingly, R 0 turns out to be comparable to the Bohr radius while the core size of the monopole matches λ C , and the correction to the mass of the electron due to Coulomb energy is about 2%.
Dynamical Generation of the Gauged SU(2) Linear Sigma Model
Delbourgo, R.; Scadron, M. D.
The fermion and meson sectors of the quark-level SU(2) linear sigma model are dynamically generated from a meson-quark Lagrangian, with the quark (q) and meson (σ, π) fields all treated as elementary, having neither bare masses nor expectation values. In the chiral limit, the masses are predicted to be mq = fπg, mπ = 0, mσ = 2mq, and we also find that the quark-meson coupling is g =2π /√ {Nc}, the three-meson coupling is g' =mσ 2 /2fπ =2gmq and the four-meson coupling is λ = 2g2 = g‧/fπ, where fπ ≃ 90 MeV is the pion decay constant and Nc = 3 is the color number. By gauging this model one can generate the couplings to the vector mesons ρ and A1, including the quark-vector coupling constant gρ = 2π, gρππ, gA1ρπ and the masses mρ 700 MeV, mA1˜= √ {3} mρ ; of course the vector and axial currents remain conserved throughout.
Type IIA orientifolds on SU(2)-structure manifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Danckaert, Thomas
2010-11-15
We investigate the possible supersymmetry-preserving orientifold projections of type IIA string theory on a six-dimensional background with SU(2)-structure. We find two categories of projections which preserve half of the low-energy supersymmetry, reducing the effective theory from an N=4 supergravity theory, to an N=2 supergravity. For these two cases, we impose the projection on the low-energy spectrum and reduce the effective N=4 supergravity action accordingly. We can identify the resulting gauged N=2 supergravity theory and bring the action into canonical form. We compute the scalar moduli spaces and characterize the gauged symmetries in terms of the geometry of these moduli spaces. Due to their origin in N=4 supergravity, which is a highly constrained theory, the moduli spaces are of a very simple form. We find that, for suitable background manifolds, isometries in all scalar sectors can become gauged. The obtained gaugings share many features with those of N=2 supergravities obtained previously from other G-structure compactifications. (orig.)
Axion inflation with an SU(2) gauge field: detectable chiral gravity waves
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Maleknejad, Azadeh [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P. Code. 19538-33511, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2016-07-20
We study a single field axion inflation model in the presence of an SU(2) gauge field with a small vev. In order to make the analysis as model-independent as possible, we consider an arbitrary potential for the axion that is able to support the slow-roll inflation. The gauge field is coupled to the axion with a Chern-Simons interaction (λ/f)F{sub μν}{sup a}F̃{sub a}{sup μν} where (λ/f)∼((O(10))/(M{sub pl})). It has a negligible effect on the background evolution, ((ρ{sub YM})/(M{sub pl}{sup 2}H{sup 2}))≲ϵ{sup 2}. However, its quantum fluctuations make a significant contribution to the cosmic perturbation. In particular, the gauge field has a spin-2 fluctuation which explicitly breaks the parity between the left- and right-handed polarization states. The chiral tensor modes are linearly coupled to the gravitational waves and lead to a circularly polarized tensor power spectrum comparable to the unpolarized vacuum power spectrum. Moreover, the scalar sector is modified by the linear scalar fluctuations of the gauge field. Since the spin-0 and spin-2 fluctuations of the SU(2) gauge field are independent, the gauge field can, at the same time, generate a detectable chiral gravitational wave signal and have a negligible contribution to the scalar fluctuations, in agreement with the current CMB observations.
Flipped SU(5)×U(1 models from F-theory
Jiang, Jing; Li, Tianjun; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.; Xie, Dan
2010-05-01
We systematically construct flipped SU(5)×U(1 models without and with bulk vector-like particles from F-theory. To realize the decoupling scenario, we introduce sets of vector-like particles in complete SU(5)×U(1) multiplets at the TeV scale, or at the intermediate scale, or at the TeV scale and high scale. To avoid the Landau pole problem for the gauge couplings, we can only introduce five sets of vector-like particles around the TeV scale. These vector-like particles can couple to the Standard Model singlet fields, and obtain suitable masses by Higgs mechanism. We study gauge coupling unification in detail. We show that the U(1 flux contributions to the gauge couplings preserve the SU(5)×U(1 gauge coupling unification. We calculate the SU(3×SU(2 unification scales, and the SU(5)×U(1 unification scales and unified couplings. In most of our models, the high-scale or bulk vector-like particles can be considered as string-scale threshold corrections since their masses are close to the string scale. Furthermore, we discuss the phenomenological consequences of our models. In particular, in the models with TeV-scale vector-like particles, the vector-like particles can be observed at the Large Hadron Collider, the proton decay is within the reach of the future Hyper-Kamiokande experiment, the lightest CP-even Higgs boson mass can be increased, the hybrid inflation can be naturally realized, and the correct cosmic primordial density fluctuations can be generated.
Phase diagram of SU(2) with 2 flavors of dynamical adjoint quarks
Catterall, Simon; Sannino, Francesco; Schneible, Joe
2008-01-01
We report on numerical simulations of SU(2) lattice gauge theory with two flavors of light dynamical quarks in the adjoint of the gauge group. The dynamics of this theory is thought to be very different from QCD -- the theory exhibiting conformal or near conformal behavior in the infrared. We make a high resolution survey of the phase diagram of this model in the plane of the bare coupling and quark mass on lattices of size 8^3 \\times 16. Our simulations reveal a line of first order phase transitions extending from beta=0 to beta=beta_c \\sim 2.0. For beta > beta_c the line is no longer first order but continues as the locus of minimum meson mass. For beta > 2.0 we observe the critical pion and rho masses to be light, independent of bare coupling and approximately degenerate. We discuss possible interpretations of these observations and corresponding continuum limits.
The finite temperature phase transition in the lattice SU(2)-Higgs model
Farakos, K; Rummukainen, K; Shaposhnikov, Mikhail E
1994-01-01
We study the finite temperature transition of SU(2)-Higgs model with lattice Monte Carlo techniques. We use dimensional reduction to transform the original 4-dimensional SU(2)-gauge + fundamental Higgs theory to an effective 3-dimensional SU(2) + adjoint Higgs + fundamental Higgs model. The simulations were performed with Higgs masses of 35 and 80 GeV; in both cases we observe a stronger first order transition than the perturbation theory predicts, indicating that the dynamics of the transition strongly depend on non-perturbative effects.
Path integrals and coherent states of SU(2) and SU(1,1)
Inomata, Akira; Kuratsuji, Hiroshi
1992-01-01
The authors examine several topical subjects, commencing with a general introduction to path integrals in quantum mechanics and the group theoretical backgrounds for path integrals. Applications of harmonic analysis, polar coordinate formulation, various techniques and path integrals on SU(2) and SU(1, 1) are discussed. Soluble examples presented include particle-flux system, a pulsed oscillator, magnetic monopole, the Coulomb problem in curved space and others.The second part deals with the SU(2) coherent states and their applications. Construction and generalization of the SU(2) coherent sta
SU(2) Flat Connection on Riemann Surface and Twisted Geometry with Cosmological Constant
Han, Muxin
2016-01-01
SU(2) flat connection on 2D Riemann surface is shown to relate to the generalized twisted geometry in 3D space with cosmological constant. Various flat connection quantities on Riemann surface are mapped to the geometrical quantities in discrete 3D space. We propose that the moduli space of SU(2) flat connections on Riemann surface generalizes the phase space of twisted geometry or Loop Quantum Gravity to include the cosmological constant.
A nonlinear deformed su(2) algebra with a two-colour quasitriangular Hopf structure
Bonatsos, Dennis; Kolokotronis, P; Ludu, A; Quesne, C
1996-01-01
Nonlinear deformations of the enveloping algebra of su(2), involving two arbitrary functions of J_0 and generalizing the Witten algebra, were introduced some time ago by Delbecq and Quesne. In the present paper, the problem of endowing some of them with a Hopf algebraic structure is addressed by studying in detail a specific example, referred to as ${\\cal A}^+_q(1)$. This algebra is shown to possess two series of (N+1)-dimensional unitary irreducible representations, where N=0, 1, 2, .... To allow the coupling of any two such representations, a generalization of the standard Hopf axioms is proposed by proceeding in two steps. In the first one, a variant and extension of the deforming functional technique is introduced: variant because a map between two deformed algebras, su_q(2) and ${\\cal A}^+_q(1)$, is considered instead of a map between a Lie algebra and a deformed one, and extension because use is made of a two-valued functional, whose inverse is singular. As a result, the Hopf structure of su_q(2) is car...
Evolution of Hall resistivity and spectral function with doping in the SU(2) theory of cuprates
Morice, C.; Montiel, X.; Pépin, C.
2017-10-01
Recent transport experiments in the cuprate superconductors linked the opening of the pseudogap to a change in electronic dispersion [S. Badoux et al., Nature (London) 531, 210 (2015), 10.1038/nature16983]. Transport measurements showed that the carrier density sharply changes from x to 1 +x at the pseudogap critical doping, in accordance with the change from Fermi arcs at low doping to a large hole Fermi surface at high doping. The SU(2) theory of cuprates shows that short-range antiferromagnetic correlations cause the arising of both charge and superconducting orders, which are related by an SU(2) symmetry. The fluctuations associated with this symmetry form a pseudogap phase. Here we derive the renormalized electronic propagator under the SU(2) dome, and calculate the spectral functions and transport quantities of the renormalized bands. We show that their evolution with doping matches both spectral and transport measurements.
Kikuchi, Yusaku; Yamazaki, Naoshi; Tarashima, Noriko; Furukawa, Kazuhiro; Takiguchi, Yoshiharu; Itoh, Kohji; Minakawa, Noriaki
2013-09-01
Gene suppression via U1 small nuclear RNA interference (U1i) is considered to be one of the most attractive approaches, and takes the place of general antisense, RNA interference (RNAi), and anti-micro RNA machineries. Since the U1i can be induced by short oligonucleotides (ONs), namely U1 adaptors consisting of a 'target domain' and a 'U1 domain', we prepared adaptor ONs using 2'-modified-4'-thionucleosides developed by our group, and evaluated their U1i activity. As a result, the desired gene suppression via U1i was observed in ONs prepared as a combination of 2'-fluoro-4'-thionucleoside and 2'-fluoronucleoside units as well as only 2'-fluoronucleoside units, while those prepared as combination of 2'-OMe nucleoside/2'-OMe-4'-thionucleoside and 2'-fluoronucleoside units did not show significant activity. Measurement of Tm values indicated that a higher hybridization ability of adaptor ONs with complementary RNA is one of the important factors to show potent U1i activity. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
On the SU(2 vertical stroke 1) WZNW model and its statistical mechanics applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saleur, H. [CEA Centre d' Etudes de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Service de Physique Theorique]|[University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Schomerus, V. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2006-11-15
Motivated by a careful analysis of the Laplacian on the supergroup SU(2 vertical stroke 1) we formulate a proposal for the state space of the SU(2 vertical stroke 1) WZNW model. We then use properties of sl(2 vertical stroke 1) characters to compute the partition function of the theory. In the special case of level k=1 the latter is found to agree with the properly regularized partition function for the continuum limit of the integrable sl(2 vertical stroke 1)3- anti 3 super-spin chain. Some general conclusions applicable to other WZNW models (in particular the case k=-1/2) are also drawn. (orig.)
Projected Entangled Pair States with non-Abelian gauge symmetries: An SU(2) study
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zohar, Erez; Wahl, Thorsten B.; Burrello, Michele
2016-01-01
limited to global symmetries, but has also been extended and applied for local symmetries, allowing to use them for the description of states in lattice gauge theories. In this paper we discuss PEPS with a local, SU(2) gauge symmetry, and demonstrate the use of PEPS features and techniques for the study...... of a simple family of many body states with a non-Abelian gauge symmetry. We present, in particular, the construction of fermionic PEPS able to describe both two-color fermionic matter and the degrees of freedom of an SU(2) gauge field with a suitable truncation....
Gauge U(1 dark symmetry and radiative light fermion masses
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Corey Kownacki
2016-09-01
Full Text Available A gauge U(1 family symmetry is proposed, spanning the quarks and leptons as well as particles of the dark sector. The breaking of U(1 to Z2 divides the two sectors and generates one-loop radiative masses for the first two families of quarks and leptons, as well as all three neutrinos. We study the phenomenological implications of this new connection between family symmetry and dark matter. In particular, a scalar or pseudoscalar particle associated with this U(1 breaking may be identified with the 750 GeV diphoton resonance recently observed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC.
Thermodynamics of SU(2) quantum Yang-Mills theory and CMB anomalies
Hofmann, Ralf
2013-01-01
A brief review of effective SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics in the deconfining phase is given, including the construction of the thermal ground-state estimate in terms of an inert, adjoint scalar field $\\phi$, based on non-propagating (anti)selfdual field configurations of topological charge unity. We explain why the screening physics of an SU(2) photon is subject to an electric-magnetically dual interpretation. Next, we elucidate how a low-frequency excess of line temperature in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) determines the value of the critical temperature of the deconfining-preconfining phase transition of an SU(2) Yang-Mills theory postulated to describe photon propagation, and we describe how, starting at a redshift of about unity, SU(2) photons collectively work 3D temperature depressions into the CMB. Upon projection along a line of sight, a given depression influences the present CMB sky in a cosmologically local way, possibly explaining the large-angle anomalies confirmed recently by the Planc...
SU(2)$_{\\tiny\\mbox{CMB}}$ at high redshifts and the value of $H_0$
Hahn, Steffen
2016-01-01
We investigate a high-$z$ cosmological model to compute the co-moving sound horizon $r_s$ at baryon freeze-out following hydrogen recombination. This model assumes a replacement of the conventional CMB photon gas by SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics, three flavors of massless neutrinos ($N_\
Supersymmetric solutions of SU(2-Fayet–Iliopoulos-gauged N=2, d=4 supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tomás Ortín
2017-03-01
Full Text Available We explore the construction of supersymmetric solutions of theories of N=2,d=4 supergravity with a SU(2 gauging and SU(2 Fayet–Iliopoulos terms. In these theories an SU(2 isometry subgroup of the Special-Kähler manifold is gauged together with a SU(2 R-symmetry subgroup. We construct several solutions of the CP‾3 quadratic model directly in four dimensions and of the ST[2,6] model by dimensional reduction of the solutions found by Cariglia and Mac Conamhna in N=(1,0,d=6 supergravity with the same kind of gauging. In the CP‾3 model, we construct an AdS2×S2 solution which is only 1/8 BPS and an R×H3 solutions that also preserves 1 of the 8 possible supersymmetries. We show how to use dimensional reduction as in the ungauged case to obtain Rn×Sm and also AdSn×Sm-type solutions (with different radii in 5- and 4-dimensions from the 6-dimensional AdS3×S3 solution.
Scattering lengths in SU(2) gauge theory with two fundamental fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Arthur, R.; Drach, V.; Hansen, Martin Rasmus Lundquist
2014-01-01
We investigate non perturbatively scattering properties of Goldstone Bosons in an SU(2) gauge theory with two Wilson fermions in the fundamental representation. Such a theory can be used to build extensions of the Standard Model that unifies Technicolor and pseudo Goldstone composite Higgs models...
Mass anomalous dimension and running of the coupling in SU(2) with six fundamental fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bursa, Francis; Del Debbio, Luigi; Keegan, Liam
2010-01-01
We simulate SU(2) gauge theory with six massless fundamental Dirac fermions. By using the Schr\\"odinger Functional method we measure the running of the coupling and the fermion mass over a wide range of length scales. We observe very slow running of the coupling and construct an estimator for the...
Light Asymmetric Dark Matter on the Lattice: SU(2) Technicolor with Two Fundamental Flavors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lewis, Randy; Pica, Claudio; Sannino, Francesco
2012-01-01
The SU(2) gauge theory with two massless Dirac flavors constitutes the building block of several models of Technicolor. Furthermore it has also been used as a template for the construction of a natural light asymmetric, or mixed type, dark matter candidate. We use explicit lattice simulations to ...
A correction to the Immirzi parameter of SU(2 spin networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Sadiq
2015-02-01
Full Text Available The elegant predictions of loop quantum gravity are obscured by the free Immirzi parameter (γ. Dreyer (2003, considering the asymptotic quasinormal modes spectrum of a black hole, proposed that γ may be fixed by letting the j=1 transitions of spin networks as the dominant processes contributing to the black hole area, as opposed to the expected j=1/2 transitions. This suggested that the gauge group of the theory might be SO(3 rather than SU(2. Corichi (2003, maintaining SU(2 as the underlying gauge group, and invoking the principle of local fermion-number conservation, reported the same value of γ for j=1 processes as obtained by Dreyer. In this note, preserving the SU(2 structure of the theory, and considering j=1 transitions as the dominant processes, we point out that the value of γ is in fact twice the value reported by these authors. We arrive at this result by assuming the asymptotic quasinormal modes themselves as dynamical systems obeying SU(2 symmetry.
Confining vs. conformal scenario for SU(2) with 2 adjoint fermions. Mesonic spectrum
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pica, Claudio; Del Debbio, Luigi; Lucini, Biagio
2010-01-01
The Minimal Walking Technicolor (MWT) model, based on the SU(2) gauge group with two Dirac adjoint fermions, is expected to lie close to the lower boundary of the conformal window. As such, it is believed to possess a dynamics different enough from QCD to be a viable candidate for a Technicolor t...
Mass anomalous dimension of SU(2) using the spectral density method
Suorsa, Joni M; Rantaharju, Jarno; Rantalaiho, Teemu; Rummukainen, Kari; Tuominen, Kimmo; Tähtinen, Sara
2016-01-01
SU(2) with N_f = 6 and N_f = 8 are believed to have an infrared conformal fixed point. We use the spectral density method cross referenced with the mass step scaling method to evaluate the coupling constant dependence of the mass anomalous dimension for massless HEX smeared, clover improved Wilson fermions with Schr\\"odinger functional boundary conditions.
On 2D and 3D solitons in SU(2) gluo-dynamics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bogolubskaya, Alla; Bogolubsky, Igor [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research - JINR, Joliot-Curie st., 6, Moskovskaya obl., 141980, Dubna (Russian Federation)
2010-07-01
We plan to indicate the possibility of soliton existence in 2D and 3D SU(2) gluo-dynamics. Hamiltonians in terms of radial functions will be presented. Localized in space field distributions which provide local minima to these Hamiltonians are studied. Their physical implications are discussed. (author)
Anatomy of isolated monopole in Abelian projection od SU(2) lattice gauge theory
Belavin, V A; Veselov, A I
2001-01-01
The structure of the isolated static monopolies in the maximum Abelian projection of the SU(2) gluodynamics on the lattice studied. The standard parametrization of the coupling matrix was used by determining the maximum Abelian projection of the R functional maximization relative to all scale transformations. The monopole radius R approx = 0.06 fm is evaluated
An SU(2) symmetry of the one-dimensional spin-1 XY model
Kitazawa, A; Nomura, K
2003-01-01
We show that the one-dimensional spin-1 XY model has an additional SU(2) symmetry for the open boundary condition and for an artificial one. We can explain some degeneracies of excitation states which were reported in previous numerical studies. (letter to the editor)
Gradient flow and IR fixed point in SU(2) with Nf=8 flavors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Leino, Viljami; Karavirta, Tuomas; Rantaharju, Jarno
2015-01-01
We study the running of the coupling in SU(2) gauge theory with 8 massless fundamental representation fermion flavours, using the gradient flow method with the Schr\\"odinger functional boundary conditions. Gradient flow allows us to measure robust continuum limit for the step scaling function...
Running coupling in SU(2) gauge theory with two adjoint fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rantaharju, Jarno; Rantalaiho, Teemu; Rummukainen, Kari
2016-01-01
We study SU(2) gauge theory with two Dirac fermions in the adjoint representation of the gauge group on the lattice. Using clover improved Wilson fermion action with hypercubic truncated stout smearing we perform simulations at larger coupling than before. We measure the evolution of the coupling...
The gradient flow running coupling in SU2 with 8 flavors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rantaharju, Jarno; Karavirta, Tuomas; Leino, Viljami
2014-01-01
We present preliminary results of the gradient flow running coupling with Dirichlet boundary condition in the SU(2) gauge theory with 8 fermion flavours. Improvements to the gradient flow measurement allow us to obtain a robust continuum limit. The results are consistent with perturbative running...
Anomalous U(1) as a mediator of Supersymmetry Breaking
Dvali, Gia; Dvali, Gia; Pomarol, Alex
1996-01-01
We point out that an anomalous gauge U(1) symmetry is a natural candida= te for being the mediator and messenger of supersymmetry breaking. It facilitate= s dynamical supersymmetry breaking even in the flat limit. Soft masses are induced by both gravity and the U(1) gauge interactions giving an unusual= mass hierarchy in the sparticle spectrum which suppresses flavor violations. T= his scenario does not suffer from the Polonyi problem.
Underground storage tank 291-D1U1: Closure plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mancieri, S.; Giuntoli, N.
1993-09-01
The 291-D1U1 tank system was installed in 1983 on the north side of Building 291. It supplies diesel fuel to the Building 291 emergency generator and air compressor. The emergency generator and air compressor are located southwest and southeast, respectively, of the tank (see Appendix B, Figure 2). The tank system consists of a single-walled, 2,000- gallon, fiberglass tank and a fuel pump system, fill pipe, vent pipe, electrical conduit, and fuel supply and return piping. The area to be excavated is paved with asphalt and concrete. It is not known whether a concrete anchor pad is associated with this tank. Additionally, this closure plan assumes that the diesel tank is below the fill pad. The emergency generator and air compressor for Building 291 and its associated UST, 291-D1U1, are currently in use. The generator and air compressor will be supplied by a temporary above-ground fuel tank prior to the removal of 291-D1U1. An above-ground fuel tank will be installed as a permanent replacement for 291-D1U1. The system was registered with the State Water Resources Control Board on June 27, 1984, as 291-41D and has subsequently been renamed 291-D1U1. Figure 1 (see Appendix B) shows the location of the 291-D1U1 tank system in relation to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Figure 2 (see Appendix B) shows the 291-D1U1 tank system in relation to Building 291. Figure 3 (see Appendix B) shows a plan view of the 291-D1U1 tank system.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Enríquez, Marco; Rosas-Ortiz, Oscar, E-mail: orosas@fis.cinvestav.mx
2013-12-15
We review the properties of the Kronecker (direct, or tensor) product of square matrices A⊗B⊗C⋯ in terms of Hubbard operators. In its simplest form, a Hubbard operator X{sub n}{sup i,j} can be expressed as the n-square matrix which has entry 1 in position (i,j) and zero in all other entries. The algebra and group properties of the observables that define a multipartite quantum system are notably straightforward in such a framework. In particular, we use the Kronecker product in Hubbard notation to get the Clebsch–Gordan decomposition of the product group SU(2)×SU(2). Finally, the n-dimensional irreducible representations so obtained are used to derive closed forms of the Clebsch–Gordan coefficients that rule the addition of angular momenta. Our results can be further developed in many different directions. -- Highlights: •The Kronecker product is studied in terms of Hubbard operators. •Complicated calculations involving large matrices are reduced to simple relations of subscripts. •The algebraic properties of the quantum observables of multipartite systems are studied. •The Clebsch–Gordan coefficients are given in terms of hypergeometric {sub 3}F{sub 2} functions. •The results can be further developed in many different directions.
Leontaris, George K
1999-01-01
In the context of the free-fermionic formulation of the heterotic superstring, we construct a three generation N=1 supersymmetric SU(4)xSU(2)LxSU(2)R model supplemented by an SU(8) hidden gauge symmetry and five Abelian factors. The symmetry breaking to the standard model is achieved using vacuum expectation values of a Higgs pair in (4bar,2R)+(4,2R) at a high scale. One linear combination of the Abelian symmetries is anomalous and is broken by vacuum expectation values of singlet fields along the flat directions of the superpotential. All consistent string vacua of the model are completely classified by solving the corresponding system of F- and D-flatness equations including non-renormalizable terms up to sixth order. The requirement of existence of electroweak massless doublets further restricts the phenomenologically viable vacua. The third generation fermions receive masses from the tree-level superpotential. Further, a complete calculation of all non-renormalizable fermion mass terms up to fifth order s...
Leontaris, George K
1999-01-01
In the context of the free-fermionic formulation of the heterotic superstring, we construct a three-generation N = 1 supersymmetric SU(4) x SU(2) sub L x SU(2) sub R model supplemented by an SU(8) hidden gauge symmetry and five Abelian factors. The symmetry breaking to the standard model is achieved using vacuum expectation values of a Higgs pair in (4,2 sub R) + (4-bar,2 sub R) at a high scale. One linear combination of the Abelian symmetries is anomalous and is broken by vacuum expectation values of singlet fields along the flat directions of the superpotential. All consistent string vacua of the model are completely classified by solving the corresponding system of F- and D-flatness equations including non-renormalizable terms up to sixth order. The requirement of existence of electroweak massless doublets imposes further restrictions to the phenomenologically viable vacua. The third generation fermions receive masses from the tree-level superpotential. Further, a complete calculation of all non-renormaliz...
U(1) Wilson lattice gauge theories in digital quantum simulators
Muschik, Christine; Heyl, Markus; Martinez, Esteban; Monz, Thomas; Schindler, Philipp; Vogell, Berit; Dalmonte, Marcello; Hauke, Philipp; Blatt, Rainer; Zoller, Peter
2017-10-01
Lattice gauge theories describe fundamental phenomena in nature, but calculating their real-time dynamics on classical computers is notoriously difficult. In a recent publication (Martinez et al 2016 Nature 534 516), we proposed and experimentally demonstrated a digital quantum simulation of the paradigmatic Schwinger model, a U(1)-Wilson lattice gauge theory describing the interplay between fermionic matter and gauge bosons. Here, we provide a detailed theoretical analysis of the performance and the potential of this protocol. Our strategy is based on analytically integrating out the gauge bosons, which preserves exact gauge invariance but results in complicated long-range interactions between the matter fields. Trapped-ion platforms are naturally suited to implementing these interactions, allowing for an efficient quantum simulation of the model, with a number of gate operations that scales polynomially with system size. Employing numerical simulations, we illustrate that relevant phenomena can be observed in larger experimental systems, using as an example the production of particle–antiparticle pairs after a quantum quench. We investigate theoretically the robustness of the scheme towards generic error sources, and show that near-future experiments can reach regimes where finite-size effects are insignificant. We also discuss the challenges in quantum simulating the continuum limit of the theory. Using our scheme, fundamental phenomena of lattice gauge theories can be probed using a broad set of experimentally accessible observables, including the entanglement entropy and the vacuum persistence amplitude.
Anomalous U(1)s in Type I superstring vacua
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Rizos, J
2002-01-01
We perform a systematic string computation of the masses of anomalous U(1) gauge bosons in four-dimensional orientifold vacua, and we study their localization properties in the internal (compactified) space. We find that N=1 supersymmetric sectors yield four-dimensional contributions, localized in the whole six-dimensional internal space, while N=2 sectors give contributions localized in four internal dimensions. As a result, the U(1) gauge fields can be much lighter than the string scale, so that when the latter is at the TeV, they can mediate new non-universal repulsive forces at submillimeter distances much stronger than gravity. We also point out that even U(1)s which are free of four-dimensional anomalies may acquire non-zero masses as a consequence of six-dimensional anomalies.
Anomalous U(1)'s in type I string vacua
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Rizos, J
2002-01-01
We perform a systematic string computation of the masses of anomalous U (1) gauge bosons in four-dimensional orientifold vacua, and we study their localization properties in the internal (compactified) space. We find that N = 1 supersymmetric sectors yield four- dimensional contributions, localized in the whole six-dimensional internal space, while N = 2 sectors give contributions localized in four internal dimensions. As a result, the U(1) gauge fields can be much lighter than the string scale, so that when the latter is at the TeV, they can mediate new non-universal repulsive forces at submillimeter distances much stronger than gravity. We also point out that even U(1)'s which are free of four-dimensional anomalies may acquire non-zero masses as a consequence of six-dimensional anomalies. (23 refs).
Projected Entangled Pair States with non-Abelian gauge symmetries: An SU(2) study
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zohar, Erez, E-mail: erez.zohar@mpq.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Wahl, Thorsten B. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford, 1 Keble Road, OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Burrello, Michele, E-mail: michele.burrello@mpq.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Cirac, J. Ignacio [Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)
2016-11-15
Over the last years, Projected Entangled Pair States have demonstrated great power for the study of many body systems, as they naturally describe ground states of gapped many body Hamiltonians, and suggest a constructive way to encode and classify their symmetries. The PEPS study is not only limited to global symmetries, but has also been extended and applied for local symmetries, allowing to use them for the description of states in lattice gauge theories. In this paper we discuss PEPS with a local, SU(2) gauge symmetry, and demonstrate the use of PEPS features and techniques for the study of a simple family of many body states with a non-Abelian gauge symmetry. We present, in particular, the construction of fermionic PEPS able to describe both two-color fermionic matter and the degrees of freedom of an SU(2) gauge field with a suitable truncation.
Fractal dimension of the topological charge density distribution in SU(2) lattice gluodynamics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buividovich, P.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics ITEP, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kalaydzhyan, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics ITEP, Moscow (Russian Federation); Polikarpov, M.I. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics ITEP, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2011-11-15
We study the effect of cooling on the spatial distribution of the topological charge density in quenched SU(2) lattice gauge theory with overlap fermions. We show that as the gauge field configurations are cooled, the Hausdorff dimension of regions where the topological charge is localized gradually changes from d=2/3 towards the total space dimension. Hence the cooling procedure destroys some of the essential properties of the topological charge distribution. (orig.)
First results for SU(2) Yang-Mills with one adjoint Dirac Fermion
Athenodorou, Andreas; Bergner, Georg; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino
2013-01-01
We present a first exploratory study of SU(2) gauge theory with one Dirac flavour in the adjoint representation. We provide initial results for the spectroscopy and the anomalous dimension for the chiral condensate. Our investigation indicates that the theory is conformal or near-conformal, with an anomalous dimension of order one. A discussion of the relevance of these findings in relation to walking technicolor scenarios is also presented.
Template Composite Dark Matter : SU(2) gauge theory with 2 fundamental flavours
Drach, Vincent; Pica, Claudio; Rantaharju, Jarno; Sannino, Francesco
2015-11-13
We present a non perturbative study of SU(2) gauge theory with two fundamental Dirac flavours. We discuss how the model can be used as a template for composite Dark Matter (DM). We estimate one particular interaction of the DM candidate with the Standard Model : the interaction through photon exchange computing the electric polarizability of the DM candidate. Finally, we briefly discuss the viability of the model given the present experimental constraints.
Quantum entanglement in the one-dimensional spin-orbital SU (2 )⊗XXZ model
You, Wen-Long; Horsch, Peter; Oleś, Andrzej M.
2015-08-01
We investigate the phase diagram and the spin-orbital entanglement of a one-dimensional SU (2 )⊗XXZ model with SU(2) spin exchange and anisotropic XXZ orbital exchange interactions and negative exchange coupling constant. As a unique feature, the spin-orbital entanglement entropy in the entangled ground states increases here linearly with system size. In the case of Ising orbital interactions, we identify an emergent phase with long-range spin-singlet dimer correlations triggered by a quadrupling of correlations in the orbital sector. The peculiar translational-invariant spin-singlet dimer phase has finite von Neumann entanglement entropy and survives when orbital quantum fluctuations are included. It even persists in the isotropic SU (2 )⊗SU (2) limit. Surprisingly, for finite transverse orbital coupling, the long-range spin-singlet correlations also coexist in the antiferromagnetic spin and alternating orbital phase making this phase also unconventional. Moreover, we also find a complementary orbital singlet phase that exists in the isotropic case but does not extend to the Ising limit. The nature of entanglement appears essentially different from that found in the frequently discussed model with positive coupling. Furthermore, we investigate the collective spin and orbital wave excitations of the disentangled ferromagnetic-spin/ferro-orbital ground state and explore the continuum of spin-orbital excitations. Interestingly, one finds among the latter excitations two modes of exciton bound states. Their spin-orbital correlations differ from the remaining continuum states and exhibit logarithmic scaling of the von Neumann entropy with increasing system size. We demonstrate that spin-orbital excitons can be experimentally explored using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, where the strongly entangled exciton states can be easily distinguished from the spin-orbital continuum.
Light Kaluza Klein States in Randall-Sundrum Models with Custodial SU(2)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carena, Marcela; /Fermilab; Ponton, Eduardo; /Columbia U.; Santiago, Jose; /Fermilab; Wagner, Carlos E.M.; /Argonne /Chicago U., EFI /KICP, Chicago
2006-07-01
We consider Randall-Sundrum scenarios based on SU(2){sub L} x SU(2){sub R} and a discrete parity exchanging L with R. The custodial and parity symmetries can be used to make the tree level contribution to the T parameter and the anomalous couplings of the bottom quark to the Z very small. We show that the resulting quantum numbers typically induce a negative T parameter at one loop that, together with the positive value of the S parameter, restrict considerably these models. There are nevertheless regions of parameter space that successfully reproduce the fit to electroweak precision observables with light Kaluza-Klein excitations accessible at colliders. We consider models of gauge-Higgs unification that implement the custodial and parity symmetries and find that the electroweak data singles out a very well defined region in parameter space. In this region one typically finds light gauge boson Kaluza-Klein excitations as well as light SU(2){sub L} singlet, and sometimes also doublet, fermionic states, that mix with the top quark, and that may yield interesting signatures at future colliders.
Mambrini, Matthieu; Poilblanc, Didier
2016-01-01
We elaborate a simple classification scheme of all rank-5 SU(2)-spin rotational symmetric tensors according to i) the on-site physical spin-$S$, (ii) the local Hilbert space $V^{\\otimes 4}$ of the four virtual (composite) spins attached to each site and (iii) the irreducible representations of the $C_{4v}$ point group of the square lattice. We apply our scheme to draw a complete list of all SU(2)-symmetric translationally and rotationally-invariant Projected Entangled Pair States (PEPS) with bond dimension $D\\leqslant 6$. All known SU(2)-symmetric PEPS on the square lattice are recovered and simple generalizations are provided in some cases. More generally, to each of our symmetry class can be associated a $({\\cal D}-1)$-dimensional manifold of spin liquids (potentially) preserving lattice symmetries and defined in terms of ${\\cal D}$ independent tensors of a given bond dimension $D$. In addition, generic (low-dimensional) families of PEPS explicitly breaking either (i) particular point-group lattice symmetri...
Effect of SU(2) symmetry on many-body localization and thermalization
Protopopov, Ivan V.; Ho, Wen Wei; Abanin, Dmitry A.
2017-07-01
The many-body localized (MBL) phase is characterized by a complete set of quasilocal integrals of motion and area-law entanglement of excited eigenstates. We study the effect of non-Abelian continuous symmetries on MBL, considering the case of SU(2 ) symmetric disordered spin chains. The SU(2 ) symmetry imposes strong constraints on the entanglement structure of the eigenstates, precluding conventional MBL. We construct a fixed-point Hamiltonian, which realizes a nonergodic (but non-MBL) phase characterized by eigenstates having logarithmic scaling of entanglement with the system size, as well as an incomplete set of quasilocal integrals of motion. We study the response of such a phase to local symmetric perturbations, finding that even weak perturbations induce multispin resonances. We conclude that the nonergodic phase is generally unstable and that SU(2 ) symmetry implies thermalization. The approach introduced in this Rapid Communication can be used to study dynamics in disordered systems with non-Abelian symmetries, and provides a starting point for searching nonergodic phases beyond conventional MBL.
Compendium of Models from a Gauge U(1) Framework
Ma, Ernest
2016-01-01
A gauge U(1) framework was established in 2002 to extend the supersymmetric standard model. It has many possible realizations. Whereas all have the necessary and sufficient ingredients to explain the possible 750 GeV diphoton excess, observed recently by the ATLAS Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), they differ in other essential aspects. A compendium of such models is discussed.
New U(1) gauge extension of the supersymmetric standard model.
Ma, Ernest
2002-07-22
In extending the minimal standard model of quarks and leptons to include supersymmetry, the conservation of baryon and lepton numbers is no longer automatic. I show how the latter may be achieved with a new U(1) gauge symmetry and new supermultiplets at the TeV scale. Neutrino masses and a solution of the mu problem are essential features of this proposed extension.
Aspects Of Baryon Number As A U(1) Symmetry
Pawl, A E
2005-01-01
The non-observation of proton decay strongly suggests that baryon number is a global U(1) (phase rotation) symmetry of the low-energy effective Lagrangian of particle physics. In the first half of this thesis, we explore the surprisingly dramatic consequences of this U(1) symmetry for the Affleck-Dine model of baryogenesis. Affleck-Dine baryogenesis is a popular model for the creation of a matter-antimatter asymmetry which relys on setting a complex scalar field into phase rotation. The phase symmetry of the Lagrangian has all important effect oil the evolution of this scalar field. The baryon number symmetry need not be restricted to a global symmetry. There is growing evidence from string theory, in fact, that global U(1) symmetries must have a gauge origin. In the second half of this thesis, we consider the details of how two different approaches to breaking a, gauged U(1) baryon symmetry would function in a universe with a low Planck scale. A universe with a low Planck scale (Mpl ∼ 103 GeV) has r...
SL(2;R)/U(1) supercoset and elliptic genera of Non-compact Calabi-Yau Manifolds
Eguchi, T
2004-01-01
We first discuss the relationship between the SL(2;)/U(1) supercoset and = 2 Liouville theory and make a precise correspondence between their representations. We shall show that the discrete unitary representations of SL(2;)/U(1) theory correspond exactly to those massless representations of = 2 Liouville theory which are closed under modular transformations and studied in our previous work [18]. It is known that toroidal partition functions of SL(2;)/U(1) theory (2D Black Hole) contain two parts, continuous and discrete representations. The contribution of continuous representations is proportional to the space-time volume and is divergent in the infinite-volume limit while the part of discrete representations is volume-independent. In order to see clearly the contribution of discrete representations we consider elliptic genus which projects out the contributions of continuous representations: making use of the SL(2;)/U(1), we compute elliptic genera for various non-compact space-times such as the conifold, ...
Programs for generating Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of SU(3) in SU(2) and SO(3) bases
Bahri, C.; Rowe, D. J.; Draayer, J. P.
2004-05-01
semi-simple Lie algebras and even for non semi-simple Lie algebras. It is the simplest Lie algebra to have multiplicity in its outer products and a non-canonical subalgebra, i.e., SO(3). Method of solution: Vector coherent state theory is first used to construct bases for the products of two irreducible representations (irreps) [4]. The bases are SU(2)-coupled so that SU(2)-reduced CG (or isoscalar factors) can be constructed naturally. The CG coefficients in the SO(3) bases are constructed subsequently from the overlaps between the SU(2) and SO(3) bases. Restriction on the complexity of the problem: The programs are limited by computer memory and the maximum size of variable arrays. As dimension overflow conditions are possible, they are flagged and can be fixed by following the directions given as part of the error message. Typical running time: The calculation time for a single SU(3) CG coefficient is very different for SU(2) and SO(3) bases. It varies between 7.3-54.1 ns in SGI Origin 2000, 0.81-5.48 ms in HP Apollo 9000, or 0.055-0.373 ms in Intel Pentium 4 for SU(2) bases while it is between 0.027-0.255 s in Intel Pentium 4 for SO(3) bases. Unusual features of the program: Intrinsic bit functions: and, or, and shift, called iand, ior, and ishft, respectively, in FORTRAN, are used for packing and unpacking the labels for the irreps. Intrinsic logical btest is used to test the bit for the phase factor. References: [1] Y. Ne'eman, Nucl. Phys. 26 (1961) 222; M. Gell-Man, Y. Ne'eman, The Eightfold Way, Benjamin, New York, 1964. [2] J.P. Elliott, Proc. Roy. Soc. A 245 (1958) 128, 562. [3] M. Reck, A. Zeilinger, H.J. Bernstein, P. Bertani, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73 (1994) 58; B.C. Sanders, H. de Guise, D.J. Rowe, A. Mann, J. Phys. A 32 (1999) 7111. [4] D.J. Rowe, C. Bahri, J. Math. Phys. 41 (2000) 6544.
On a Microscopic Representation of Space-Time V
Dahm, Rolf
2016-01-01
In order to extend our approach based on SU$*$(4), we were led to (real) projective and (line) Complex geometry. So here we start from quadratic Complexe which yield naturally the 'light cone' $x_{1}^{2}+x_{2}^{2}+x_{3}^{2}-x_{0}^{2}=0$ when being related to (homogeneous) point coordinates $x_{\\alpha}^{2}$ and infinitesimal dynamics by tetrahedral Complexe (or line elements). This introduces naturally projective transformations by preserving anharmonic ratios. Referring to old work of Pl{\\"u}cker relating quadratic Complexe to optics, we discuss (linear) symplectic symmetry and line coordinates, the main purpose and thread within this paper, however, is the identification and discussion of special relativity as direct invariance properties of line/Complex coordinates as well as their relation to 'quantum field theory' by complexification of point coordinates or Complexe. This can be established by the Lie mapping which relates lines/Complexe to sphere geometry so that SU(2), SU(2)$\\times$U(1), SU(2)$\\times$SU...
Electroweak baryogenesis in a supersymmetric U(1)' model.
Kang, Junhai; Langacker, Paul; Li, Tianjun; Liu, Tao
2005-02-18
We construct an anomaly-free supersymmetric U(1)' model with a secluded U(1)'-breaking sector. We study the one-loop effective potential at finite temperature and show that there exists a strong enough first order electroweak phase transition for electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG) because of the large trilinear term AhhSHdHu in the tree-level Higgs potential. Unlike in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the lightest top squark can be very heavy. We consider the nonlocal EWBG mechanism in the thin wall regime and find that within uncertainties the observed baryon number can be generated from the tau lepton contribution, with the secluded sector playing an essential role. The chargino and neutralino contributions and the implications for the Z' mass and electric dipole moments are briefly discussed.
Kinetic mixing of U(1)s in heterotic orbifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goodsell, Mark [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Ramos-Sanchez, Saul [UNAM, Mexico (Mexico). Dept. of Theoretical Physics; Ringwald, Andreas [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2011-10-15
We study kinetic mixing between massless U(1) gauge symmetries in the bosonic formulation of heterotic orbifold compactifications. For non-prime Z{sub N} factorisable orbifolds, we find a simple expression of the mixing in terms of the properties of the N=2 subsectors, which helps understand under what conditions mixing can occur. With this tool, we analyse Z{sub 6}-II heterotic orbifolds and find non-vanishing mixing even without including Wilson lines. We show that some semi-realistic models of the Mini-Landscape admit supersymmetric vacua with mixing between the hypercharge and an additional U(1), which can be broken at low energies. We finally discuss some phenomenologically appealing possibilities that hidden photons in heterotic orbifolds allow. (orig.)
Aspects of finite field-dependent symmetry in SU(2) Cho–Faddeev–Niemi decomposition
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Upadhyay, Sudhaker, E-mail: sudhakerupadhyay@gmail.com
2013-11-25
In this Letter we consider SU(2) Yang–Mills theory analyzed in Cho–Faddeev–Niemi variables which remains invariant under local gauge transformations. The BRST symmetries of this theory are generalized by making the infinitesimal parameter finite and field-dependent. Further, we show that under appropriate choices of finite and field-dependent parameter, the gauge-fixing and ghost terms corresponding to Landau as well as maximal Abelian gauge for such Cho–Faddeev–Niemi decomposed theory appear naturally within functional integral through Jacobian calculation.
Thermodynamics of SU(2) mathcal{N} =2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Paik, Steve; Yaffe, Laurence G.
2010-01-01
The thermodynamics of four-dimensional SU(2) mathcal{N} =2 super-Yang-Mills theory is examined in both high and low temperature regimes. At low temperatures, compelling evidence is found for two distinct equilibrium states related by a spontaneously broken discrete R-symmetry. These equilibrium states exist because the quantum moduli space of the theory has two singular points where extra massless states appear. At high temperature, a unique R-symmetry-preserving equilibrium state is found. Discrepancies with previous results in the literature are explained.
Machine learning of explicit order parameters: From the Ising model to SU(2) lattice gauge theory
Wetzel, Sebastian J.; Scherzer, Manuel
2017-11-01
We present a solution to the problem of interpreting neural networks classifying phases of matter. We devise a procedure for reconstructing the decision function of an artificial neural network as a simple function of the input, provided the decision function is sufficiently symmetric. In this case one can easily deduce the quantity by which the neural network classifies the input. The method is applied to the Ising model and SU(2) lattice gauge theory. In both systems we deduce the explicit expressions of the order parameters from the decision functions of the neural networks. We assume no prior knowledge about the Hamiltonian or the order parameters except Monte Carlo-sampled configurations.
Representations of the deformed U(su(2)) and U(osp(1,2)) algebras
Bonatsos, Dennis; Kolokotronis, P; Lenis, D; Bonatsos, Dennis
1996-01-01
The polynomial deformations of the Witten extensions of the U(su(2)) and U(osp(1,2)) algebras are three generator algebras with normal ordering, admitting a two generator subalgebra. The modules and the representations of these algebras are based on the construction of Verma modules, which are quotient modules, generated by ideals of the original algebra. This construction unifies a large number of the known algebras under the same scheme. The finite dimensional representations show new features such as the multiplicity of representations of the same dimensionality, or the existence of finite dimensional representations only for some dimensions.
From decay to complete breaking: pulling the strings in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory.
Pepe, M; Wiese, U-J
2009-05-15
We study {2Q+1} strings connecting two static charges Q in (2+1)D SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. While the fundamental {2} string between two charges Q=1/2 is unbreakable, the adjoint {3} string connecting two charges Q=1 can break. When a {4} string is stretched beyond a critical length, it decays into a {2} string by gluon pair creation. When a {5} string is stretched, it first decays into a {3} string, which eventually breaks completely. The energy of the screened charges at the ends of a string is well described by a phenomenological constituent gluon model.
Monopoles in the Plaquette Formulation of the 3D SU(2) Lattice Gauge Theory
Borisenko, O; Boháčik, J
2011-01-01
Using a plaquette formulation for lattice gauge models we describe monopoles of the three dimensional SU(2) theory which appear as configurations in the complete axial gauge and violate the continuum Bianchi identity. Furthemore we derive a dual formulation for the Wilson loop in arbitrary representation and calculate the form of the interaction between generated electric flux and monopoles in the region of a weak coupling relevant for the continuum limit. The effective theory which controls the interaction is of the sine-Gordon type model. The string tension is calculated within the semiclassical approximation.
Hagedorn spectrum and thermodynamics of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills theories
Caselle, Michele; Panero, Marco
2015-01-01
We present a high-precision lattice calculation of the equation of state in the confining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. We show that the results are described very well by a gas of massive, non-interacting glueballs, provided one assumes an exponentially growing Hagedorn spectrum. The latter can be derived within an effective bosonic closed-string model, leading to a parameter-free theoretical prediction, which is in perfect agreement with our lattice results. Furthermore, when applied to SU(3) Yang-Mills theory, this effective model accurately describes the lattice results reported by Bors\\'anyi et al. in JHEP 07 (2012) 056.
Correlation functions of the energy-momentum tensor in SU(2) gauge theory at finite temperature
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Huebner, K.; Karsch, F.; Pica, Claudio
2008-01-01
We calculate correlation functions of the energy-momentum tensor in the vicinity of the deconfinement phase transition of (3+1)-dimensional SU(2) gauge theory and discuss their critical behavior in the vicinity of the second order deconfinement transition. We show that correlation functions...... of the trace of the energy momentum tensor diverge uniformly at the critical point in proportion to the specific heat singularity. Correlation functions of the pressure, on the other hand, stay finite at the critical point. We discuss the consequences of these findings for the analysis of transport...
An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix in a Spin-Orbit Coupled System
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bernevig, Andrei
2010-02-10
Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.
An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix ina Spin-orbit Coupled System
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bernevig, B.A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Santa Barbara, KITP; Orenstein, J.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2007-01-22
Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.
Recognition of essential purines by the U1A protein
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Baranger Anne M
2007-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The RNA recognition motif (RRM is one of the largest families of RNA binding domains. The RRM is modulated so that individual proteins containing RRMs can specifically recognize RNA targets with diverse sequences and structures. Understanding the principles governing this specificity will be important for the rational modification and design of RRM-RNA complexes. Results In this paper we have investigated the origins of specificity of the N terminal RRM of the U1A protein for stem loop 2 (SL2 of U1 snRNA by substituting modified bases for essential purines in SL2 RNA. In one series of modified bases, hydrogen bond donors and acceptors were replaced by aliphatic groups to probe the importance of these functional groups to binding. In a second series of modified bases, hydrogen bond donors and acceptors were incorrectly placed on the purine bases to analyze the origins of discrimination between cognate and non-cognate RNA. The results of these experiments show that three different approaches are used by the U1A protein to gain specificity for purines. Specificity for the first base in the loop, A1, is based primarily on discrimination against RNA containing the incorrect base, specificity for the fourth base in the loop, G4, is based largely on recognition of the donors and acceptors of G4, while specificity for the sixth base in the loop, A6, results from a combination of direct recognition of the base and discrimination against incorrectly placed functional groups. Conclusion These investigations identify different roles that hydrogen bond donors and acceptors on bases in both cognate and non-cognate RNA play in the specific recognition of RNA by the U1A protein. Taken together with investigations of other RNA-RRM complexes, the results contribute to a general understanding of the origins of RNA-RRM specificity and highlight, in particular, the contribution of steric and electrostatic repulsion to binding specificity.
Underground storage tank 431-D1U1, Closure Plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mancieri, S.
1993-09-01
This document contains information about the decommissioning of Tank 431-D1U1. This tank was installed in 1965 for diesel fuel storage. This tank will remain in active usage until closure procedures begin. Soils and ground water around the tank will be sampled to check for leakage. Appendices include; proof of proper training for workers, health and safety briefing record, task hazard analysis summary, and emergency plans.
Implementation of the SU(2) Hamiltonian symmetry for the DMRG algorithm
Alvarez, Gonzalo
2012-10-01
In the Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG) algorithm (White, 1992, 1993) [1,2], Hamiltonian symmetries play an important rôle. Using symmetries, the matrix representation of the Hamiltonian can be blocked. Diagonalizing each matrix block is more efficient than diagonalizing the original matrix. This paper explains how the the DMRG++ code (Alvarez, 2009) [3] has been extended to handle the non-local SU(2) symmetry in a model independent way. Improvements in CPU times compared to runs with only local symmetries are discussed for the one-orbital Hubbard model, and for a two-orbital Hubbard model for iron-based superconductors. The computational bottleneck of the algorithm and the use of shared memory parallelization are also addressed. Program summary Program title: DMRG++ Catalog identifier: AEDJ_v2_0 Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEDJ_v2_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Special license. See http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/AEDJ_v2_0.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 211560 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 10572185 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C++. Computer: PC. Operating system: Multiplatform, tested on Linux. Has the code been vectorized or parallelized?: Yes. 1 to 8 processors with MPI, 2 to 4 cores with pthreads. RAM: 1GB (256MB is enough to run the included test) Classification: 23. Catalog identifier of previous version: AEDJ_v1_0 Journal reference of previous version: Comput. Phys. Comm. 180(2009)1572 External routines: BLAS and LAPACK Nature of problem: Strongly correlated electrons systems, display a broad range of important phenomena, and their study is a major area of research in condensed matter physics. In this context, model Hamiltonians are used to simulate the relevant interactions of a given compound, and the relevant degrees of freedom. These studies
Numerical Results for SU(4) and SU(2) Kondo Effect in Carbon Nanotubes
Martins, George; Busser, Carlos
2006-03-01
New numerical results are presented for the Kondo effect in Carbon Nanotube (CNT) quantum dots (QDs). As recently reported by P. Jarillo-Herrero et al. (Nature 434, 484 (2005)), the Kondo effect in CNTs presents an SU(4) symmetry, which arises from the entanglement of orbital and spin degrees of freedom. As the number of co-tunneling processes increases, thanks to the extra (orbital) degree of freedom, the Kondo temperature reaches a high value of TK=7.7K. Interesting considerations can be drawn regarding the change from SU(4) to SU(2) symmetries depending on the hopping matrix elements between the leads and the CNT QD. Our results will analyze the transition between the SU(4) and the so-called two-level SU(2) (2LSU(2)) Kondo regimes induced by the variation of the coupling of the QD to the leads. The effect of an external magnetic field along the tube direction will also be analyzed. Our results will be compared with available Numerical Renormalization Group (NRG) results by M-S Choi et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067204 (2005)). A comparison with the experimental results will be made to gauge the adequacy of the model and approximations made.
Infrared conformality and bulk critical points: SU(2) with heavy adjoint quarks
Lucini, Biagio; Rago, Antonio; Rinaldi, Enrico
2013-01-01
The lattice phase structure of a gauge theory can be a serious obstruction to Monte Carlo studies of its continuum behaviour. This issue is particularly delicate when numerical studies are performed to determine whether a theory is in a (near-)conformal phase. In this work we investigate the heavy mass limit of the SU(2) gauge theory with Nf=2 adjoint fermions and its lattice phase diagram, showing the presence of a critical point ending a line of first order bulk phase transition. The relevant gauge observables and the low-lying spectrum are monitored in the vicinity of the critical point with very good control over different systematic effects. The scaling properties of masses and susceptibilities open the possibility that the effective theory at criticality is a scalar theory in the universality class of the four-dimensional Gaussian model. This behaviour is clearly different from what is observed for SU(2) gauge theory with two dynamical adjoint fermions, whose (near-)conformal numerical signature is henc...
Fundamental fermion interactions via vector bosons of unified SU(2 x SU(4 gauge fields
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Eckart eMarsch
2016-02-01
Full Text Available Employing the fermion unification model based on the intrinsic SU(8 symmetry of a generalized Dirac equation, we discuss the fundamental interactions under the SU(8=SU(2$otimes$SU(4 symmetry group. The physics involved can describe all fermions, the leptons (electron and neutrino, and the coloured up and down quarks of the first generation in the standard model (SM by a complex SU(8 octet of Dirac spinor fields. The fermion interactions are found to be mediated by the unified SU(4 and SU(2 vector gauge boson fields, which include the photon, the gluons, and the bosons $Z$ and $W$ as well known from the SM, but also comprise new ones, namely three coloured $X$ bosons carrying a fractional hypercharge of $pm4/3$ and transmuting leptons into quarks and vice versa. The full covariant derivative of the model is derived and discussed. The Higgs mechanism gives mass to the $Z$ and $W$ bosons, but also permits one to derive the mass of the coloured $X$ boson, for which depending on the choice of the values of the coupling constant, the estimates are 35~GeV or 156~GeV, values that are well within reach of the LHC. The scalar Higgs field can also lend masses to the fermions and fix their physical values for given appropriate coupling constants to that field.
SU(2 Yang–Mills Theory: Waves, Particles, and Quantum Thermodynamics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ralf Hofmann
2016-08-01
subalgebra of S U ( 2 , can be reliably calculated for disturbances which do not probe HS (anticaloron centers. Both ϵ 0 and μ 0 turn out to be temperature independent in thermal equilibrium but also for an isolated, monochromatic U ( 1 wave. HS (anticaloron centers, on the other hand, react onto wave-like disturbances, which would resolve their spatio-temporal structure, by indeterministic emissions of quanta of energy and momentum. Thermodynamically seen, such events are Boltzmann weighted and occur independently at distinct locations in space and instants in (Minkowskian time, entailing the Bose–Einstein distribution. Small correlative ramifications associate with effective radiative corrections, e.g., in terms of polarization tensors. We comment on an S U ( 2 × S U ( 2 based gauge-theory model, describing wave- and particle-like aspects of electromagnetic disturbances within the so far experimentally/observationally investigated spectrum.
Entanglement entropy of U (1) quantum spin liquids
Pretko, Michael; Senthil, T.
2016-09-01
We here investigate the entanglement structure of the ground state of a (3 +1 )-dimensional U (1 ) quantum spin liquid, which is described by the deconfined phase of a compact U (1 ) gauge theory. A gapless photon is the only low-energy excitation, with matter existing as deconfined but gapped excitations of the system. It is found that, for a given bipartition of the system, the elements of the entanglement spectrum can be grouped according to the electric flux between the two regions, leading to a useful interpretation of the entanglement spectrum in terms of electric charges living on the boundary. The entanglement spectrum is also given additional structure due to the presence of the gapless photon. Making use of the Bisognano-Wichmann theorem and a local thermal approximation, these two contributions to the entanglement (particle and photon) are recast in terms of boundary and bulk contributions, respectively. Both pieces of the entanglement structure give rise to universal subleading terms (relative to the area law) in the entanglement entropy, which are logarithmic in the system size (logL ), as opposed to the subleading constant term in gapped topologically ordered systems. The photon subleading logarithm arises from the low-energy conformal field theory and is essentially local in character. The particle subleading logarithm arises due to the constraint of closed electric loops in the wave function and is shown to be the natural generalization of topological entanglement entropy to the U (1 ) spin liquid. This contribution to the entanglement entropy can be isolated by means of the Grover-Turner-Vishwanath construction (which generalizes the Kitaev-Preskill scheme to three dimensions).
U(1) staggered Dirac operator and random matrix theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Berg, Bernd A.; Markum, Harald; Pullirsch, Rainer; Wettig, Tilo
2000-03-01
We investigate the spectrum of the staggered Dirac operator in 4d quenched U(1) lattice gauge theory and its relationship to random matrix theory. In the confined as well as in the Coulomb phase the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution of the unfolded eigenvalues is well described by the chiral unitary ensemble. The same is true for the distribution of the smallest eigenvalue and the microscopic spectral density in the confined phase. The physical origin of the chiral condensate in this phase deserves further study.
SU(4)-SU(2) crossover and spin-filter properties of a double quantum dot nanosystem
Lopes, V.; Padilla, R. A.; Martins, G. B.; Anda, E. V.
2017-06-01
The SU(4)-SU(2) crossover, driven by an external magnetic field h , is analyzed in a capacitively coupled double quantum dot device connected to independent leads. As one continuously charges the dots from empty to quarter filled, by varying the gate potential Vg, the crossover starts when the magnitude of the spin polarization of the double quantum dot, as measured by - , becomes finite. Although the external magnetic field breaks the SU(4) symmetry of the Hamiltonian, the ground state preserves it in a region of Vg, where - =0 . Once the spin polarization becomes finite, it initially increases slowly until a sudden change occurs, in which (polarization direction opposite to the magnetic field) reaches a maximum and then decreases to negligible values abruptly, at which point an orbital SU(2) ground state is fully established. This crossover from one Kondo state, with emergent SU(4) symmetry, where spin and orbital degrees of freedom all play a role, to another, with SU(2) symmetry, where only orbital degrees of freedom participate, is triggered by a competition between g μBh , the energy gain by the Zeeman-split polarized state and the Kondo temperature TKS U (4 ), the gain provided by the SU(4) unpolarized Kondo-singlet state. At fixed magnetic field, the knob that controls the crossover is the gate potential, which changes the quantum dots occupancies. If one characterizes the occurrence of the crossover by Vgmax, the value of Vg where reaches a maximum, one finds that the function f relating the Zeeman splitting, Bmax, which corresponds to Vgmax, i.e., Bmax=f (Vgmax) , has a similar universal behavior to that of the function relating the Kondo temperature to Vg. In addition, our numerical results show that near the SU(4) Kondo temperature and for relatively small magnetic fields the device has a ground state that restricts the electronic population at the dots to be spin polarized along the magnetic field. These two facts introduce very efficient spin
Extended Soliton Solutions in an Effective Action for SU(2 Yang-Mills Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nobuyuki Sawado
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The Skyrme-Faddeev-Niemi (SFN model which is an O(3 σ model in three dimensional space up to fourth-order in the first derivative is regarded as a low-energy effective theory of SU(2 Yang-Mills theory. One can show from the Wilsonian renormalization group argument that the effective action of Yang-Mills theory recovers the SFN in the infrared region. However, the theory contains an additional fourth-order term which destabilizes the soliton solution. We apply the perturbative treatment to the second derivative term in order to exclude (or reduce the ill behavior of the original action and show that the SFN model with the second derivative term possesses soliton solutions.
More on the SU(2) deconfinement transition in the mixed action
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gavai, R.V. [Theoretical Physics Group, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Mathur, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell Universita and INFN, Piazza Torricelli 2 Pisa-56100 (Italy)
1997-07-01
We examine certain issues related to the universality of the SU(2) lattice gauge theory at nonzero temperatures. Using Monte Carlo simulations and strong coupling expansions, we study the behavior of the deconfinement transition in an extended coupling plane ({beta},{beta}{sub A}) around the tricritical point where the deconfinement transition changes from second to first order. Our numerical results on N{sub {tau}}=2,4,6,8 lattices show that the tricritical point first moves down towards the Wilson axis and then moves slowly upwards, if at all, as the lattice spacing is reduced. Lattices with very large N{sub {tau}} seem to be, therefore, necessary for the mixed action to exhibit the critical exponents of the three-dimensional Ising model for positive values of the adjoint coupling. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}
Kramers-Wannier duality and worldline representation for the SU(2) principal chiral model
Gattringer, Christof; Göschl, Daniel; Marchis, Carlotta
2018-03-01
In this letter we explore different representations of the SU(2) principal chiral model on the lattice. We couple chemical potentials to two of the conserved charges to induce finite density. This leads to a complex action such that the conventional field representation cannot be used for a Monte Carlo simulation. Using the recently developed Abelian color flux approach we derive a new worldline representation where the partition sum has only real and positive weights, such that a Monte Carlo simulation is possible. In a second step we transform the model to new dual variables in the Kramers-Wannier (KW) sense, such that the constraints are automatically fulfilled, and we obtain a second representation free of the complex action problem. We implement exploratory Monte Carlo simulations for both, the worldline, as well as the KW-dual form, for cross-checking the two dualizations and a first assessment of their potential for dual simulations.
Rho meson decay width in SU(2) gauge theories with 2 fundamental flavours
Janowski, Tadeusz; Pica, Claudio
2016-01-01
SU(2) gauge theories with two quark flavours in the fundamental representation are among the most promising theories of composite dynamics describing the electroweak sector. Three out of five Goldstone bosons in these models become the longitudinal components of the W and Z bosons giving them mass. Like in QCD, we expect a spectrum of excitations which appear as resonances in vector boson scattering, in particular the vector resonance corresponding to the rho-meson in QCD. In this talk I will present the preliminary results of the first calculation of the rho-meson decay width in this theory, which is analogous to rho to two pions decay calculation in QCD. The results presented were calculated in a moving frame with total momentum (0,0,1) on two ensembles. Future plans include using 3 moving frames on a larger set of ensembles to extract the resonance parameters more reliably and also take the chiral and continuum limits.
$SU(2)$ gauge theory with two fundamental flavours: scalar and pseudoscalar spectrum
Arthur, Rudy; Hietanen, Ari; Pica, Claudio; Sannino, Francesco
2016-01-01
We investigate the scalar and pseudoscalar spectrum of the $SU(2)$ gauge theory with $N_f=2$ flavours of fermions in the fundamental representation using non perturbative lattice simulations. We provide first benchmark estimates of the mass of the lightest $0(0^{+})$ ($\\sigma$), $0(0^{-})$ ($\\eta'$) and $1(0^+)$ ($a_0$) states, including estimates of the relevant disconnected contributions. We find $m_{a_0}/F_{\\rm{PS}}= 16.7(4.9)$, $m_\\sigma/F_{\\rm{PS}}=19.2(10.8)$ and $m_{\\eta'}/F_{\\rm{PS}} = 12.8(4.7)$. These values for the masses of light scalar states provide crucial information for composite extensions of the Standard Model from the unified Fundamental Composi te Higgs-Technicolor theory \\cite{Cacciapaglia:2014uja} to models of composite dark matter.
Study of shear viscosity of SU(2)-gluodynamics within lattice simulation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Astrakhantsev, N.Yu. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,Moscow, 117218 (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology,Dolgoprudny, 141700 (Russian Federation); Braguta, V.V. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,Moscow, 117218 (Russian Federation); Institute for High Energy Physics NRC “Kurchatov Institute”,Protvino, 142281 Russian Federation (Russian Federation); Far Eastern Federal University, School of Biomedicine,Vladivostok, 690950 (Russian Federation); National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute),Kashirskoe highway, 31, Moscow, 115409 (Russian Federation); Kotov, A.Yu. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,Moscow, 117218 (Russian Federation); National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute),Kashirskoe highway, 31, Moscow, 115409 (Russian Federation)
2015-09-14
This paper is devoted to the study of two-point correlation function of the energy-momentum tensor 〈T{sub 12}T{sub 12}〉 for SU(2)-gluodynamics within lattice simulation of QCD. Using multilevel algorithm we carried out the measurement of the correlation function at the temperature T/T{sub c}≃1.2. It is shown that lattice data can be described by spectral functions which interpolate between hydrodynamics at low frequencies and asymptotic freedom at high frequencies. The results of the study of spectral functions allowed us to estimate the ratio of shear viscosity to the entropy density η/s=0.134±0.057.
Effective geometric phases and topological transitions in SO(3) and SU(2) rotations.
Saarikoski, Henri; Baltanás, José Pablo; Vázquez-Lozano, J Enrique; Nitta, Junsaku; Frustaglia, Diego
2016-04-27
We address the development of geometric phases in classical and quantum magnetic moments (spin-1/2) precessing in an external magnetic field. We show that nonadiabatic dynamics lead to a topological phase transition determined by a change in the driving field topology. The transition is associated with an effective geometric phase which is identified from the paths of the magnetic moments in a spherical geometry. The topological transition presents close similarities between SO(3) and SU(2) cases but features differences in, e.g. the adiabatic limits of the geometric phases, being 2π and π in the classical and the quantum case, respectively. We discuss possible experiments where the effective geometric phase would be observable.
Scaling properties of SU(2) gauge theory with mixed fundamental-adjoint action
Rinaldi, Enrico; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino; Rago, Antonio
2012-01-01
We study the phase diagram of the SU(2) lattice gauge theory with fundamental-adjoint Wilson plaquette action. We confirm the presence of a first order bulk phase transition and we estimate the location of its end-point in the bare parameter space. If this point is second order, the theory is one of the simplest realizations of a lattice gauge theory admitting a continuum limit at finite bare couplings. All the relevant gauge observables are monitored in the vicinity of the fixed point with very good control over finite-size effects. The scaling properties of the low-lying glueball spectrum are studied while approaching the end-point in a controlled manner.
Confining vs. conformal scenario for SU(2) with adjoint fermions. Gluonic observables
Patella, Agostino; Lucini, Biagio; Pica, Claudio; Rago, Antonio
2010-01-01
Walking technicolor is a mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking without Higgs field. The Higgs mechanism is provided by chiral symmetry breaking in the technicolor theory. An essential ingredient is the vicinity to an IR fixed point, which could reconcile technicolor with the electroweak precision tests. SU(2) gauge theory with two Dirac adjoint fermions has been proposed as a candidate for walking technicolor. Understanding whether this theory is confining or IR-conformal is a challenging problem, which can be addressed by means of numerical simulations. We have pointed out that a clean signal for the existence of an IR fixed point in this theory can be obtained by comparing the mesonic and gluonic sectors. We review some technical details of our calculations. Possible systematic errors are discussed.
Couplings in D(2,1;α) superconformal mechanics from the SU(2) perspective
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Galajinsky, Anton [Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Tomsk Polytechnic University,Lenin Ave. 30, 634050 Tomsk (Russian Federation)
2017-03-09
Dynamical realizations of the most general N=4 superconformal group in one dimension D(2,1;α) are reconsidered from the perspective of the R-symmetry subgroup SU(2). It is shown that any realization of the R-symmetry subalgebra in some phase space can be extended to a representation of the Lie superalgebra corresponding to D(2,1;α). Novel couplings of arbitrary number of supermultiplets of the type (1,4,3) and (0,4,4) to a single supermultiplet of either the type (3,4,1), or (4,4,0) are constructed. D(2,1;α) superconformal mechanics describing superparticles propagating near the horizon of the extreme Reissner-Nordström-AdS-dS black hole in four and five dimensions is considered. The parameter α is linked to the cosmological constant.
Drinfeld Doubles for Finite Subgroups of SU(2 and SU(3 Lie Groups
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Robert Coquereaux
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Drinfeld doubles of finite subgroups of SU(2 and SU(3 are investigated in detail. Their modular data – S, T and fusion matrices – are computed explicitly, and illustrated by means of fusion graphs. This allows us to reexamine certain identities on these tensor product or fusion multiplicities under conjugation of representations that had been discussed in our recent paper [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 44 (2011, 295208, 26 pages], proved to hold for simple and affine Lie algebras, and found to be generally wrong for finite groups. It is shown here that these identities fail also in general for Drinfeld doubles, indicating that modularity of the fusion category is not the decisive feature. Along the way, we collect many data on these Drinfeld doubles which are interesting for their own sake and maybe also in a relation with the theory of orbifolds in conformal field theory.
Supersymmetric Extension of Non-Hermitian su(2 Hamiltonian and Supercoherent States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Omar Cherbal
2010-12-01
Full Text Available A new class of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians with real spectrum, which are written as a real linear combination of su(2 generators in the form H=ωJ_3+αJ_−+βJ_+, α≠β, is analyzed. The metrics which allows the transition to the equivalent Hermitian Hamiltonian is established. A pseudo-Hermitian supersymmetic extension of such Hamiltonians is performed. They correspond to the pseudo-Hermitian supersymmetric systems of the boson-phermion oscillators. We extend the supercoherent states formalism to such supersymmetic systems via the pseudo-unitary supersymmetric displacement operator method. The constructed family of these supercoherent states consists of two dual subfamilies that form a bi-overcomplete and bi-normal system in the boson-phermion Fock space. The states of each subfamily are eigenvectors of the boson annihilation operator and of one of the two phermion lowering operators.
Progress gauge symmetry breaking in SU(6) x SU(2) sub R model
Hayashi, T; Matsuda, M; Matsuoka, T
2003-01-01
In the SU(6) x SU(2) sub R string-inspired model, we describe the evolution of the couplings and the masses down from the string scale M sub s using the renormalization group equations and minimize the effective potential. This model possesses the flavor symmetry, including the binary dihedral group D tilde sub 4. We show that the scalar mass squared of the gauge non-singlet matter field possibly becomes negative slightly below the string scale. As a consequence, the precocious radiative breaking of the gauge symmetry down to the standard model gauge group can be realized. In the present model, the large Yukawa coupling, which plays an important role in the symmetry breaking, is identical to the colored Higgs coupling related to the longevity of the proton. (author)
Hagedorn spectrum and thermodynamics of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Caselle, Michele; Nada, Alessandro; Panero, Marco [Department of Physics, University of Turin & INFN,Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin (Italy)
2015-07-27
We present a high-precision lattice calculation of the equation of state in the confining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. We show that the results are described very well by a gas of massive, non-interacting glueballs, provided one assumes an exponentially growing Hagedorn spectrum. The latter can be derived within an effective bosonic closed-string model, leading to a parameter-free theoretical prediction, which is in perfect agreement with our lattice results. Furthermore, when applied to SU(3) Yang-Mills theory, this effective model accurately describes the lattice results reported by Borsányi et al. in http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2012)056.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Steffen Hahn
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Presently, we are facing a 3σ tension in the most basic cosmological parameter, the Hubble constant H0. This tension arises when fitting the Lambda-cold-dark-matter model (ΛCDM to the high-precision temperature-temperature (TT power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB and to local cosmological observations. We propose a resolution of this problem by postulating that the thermal photon gas of the CMB obeys an SU(2 rather than U(1 gauge principle, suggesting a high-z cosmological model which is void of dark-matter. Observationally, we rely on precise low-frequency intensity measurements in the CMB spectrum and on a recent model independent (low-z extraction of the relation between the comoving sound horizon rs at the end of the baryon drag epoch and H0 (rsH0=const. We point out that the commonly employed condition for baryon-velocity freeze-out is imprecise, judged by a careful inspection of the formal solution to the associated Euler equation. As a consequence, the above-mentioned 3σ tension actually transforms into a 5σ discrepancy. To make contact with successful low-z ΛCDM cosmology we propose an interpolation based on percolated/depercolated vortices of a Planck-scale axion condensate. For a first consistency test of such an all-z model we compute the angular scale of the sound horizon at photon decoupling.
Atomic quantum simulation of a three-dimensional U(1) gauge-Higgs model
Kuno, Yoshihito; Kasamatsu, Kenichi; Ichinose, Ikuo; Matsui, Tetsuo
2016-01-01
In this paper, we study atomic quantum simulations of a U(1) gauge-Higgs model on a three-dimensional (3D) spatial lattice. We start from an extended 3D Bose-Hubbard model with nearest-neighbor repulsions and show that it can simulate a U(1) gauge-Higgs model with next nearest-neighbor Higgs couplings. Here the phase of the boson variable on each site of the optical lattice describes the vector potential on each link of the gauge-model lattice. To determine the phase diagram of the gauge-Higgs model at a zero temperature, we perform Monte-Carlo simulations of the corresponding 3+1-dimensional U(1) gauge-Higgs model, and obtain the three phases, i.e., the confinement, Coulomb and Higgs phases. To investigate the dynamical properties of the gauge-Higgs model, we apply the Gross-Pitaevskii equations to the extended Bose-Hubbard model. We simulate the time-evolution of an electric flux initially put on a straight line connecting two external point charges. We also calculate the potential energy between this pair ...
Engineering assessment and certification of integrity of the 325-I1U1 tank system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schwartz, W W [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Graser, D A [Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA (United States)
1991-12-01
This Engineering Assessment and Certification of Integrity of retention tank 325-I1U1 of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory has been prepared in response to 40 CFR 265.191 for an existing tank system that stores hazardous waste and does not have secondary containment. This technical assessment has been reviewed by an independent, qualified, California-registered professional engineer, who has certified the tank system to be adequately designed and compatible with the stored waste so that it will not collapse, rupture, or fail. Certification of the 325-I1U1 tank system is qualified by the fact that 40 CFR 265-193 requires that a system be upgraded to include secondary containment when it reaches 15 years of age or within two years after January 12, 1987, whichever comes later. Tank 325-I1U1 was built in 1968 and required upgrading to secondary containment by January 12, 1989. This Engineering Assessment has been prepared as Best Management practice since this tank system was in service after January 12, 1989, but is not in use at this time. This document will be kept on file at the facility. Certification and documentation of the onground retention tank 325-I1O1, which is part of the 325-I1 retention tank system, is not included in this assessment. A discussion of tank 325-I1O1, however, is included in this report to provide a complete description of the 325-I1 retention tank system.
Neutrino mass, leptogenesis and FIMP dark matter in a U(1)_{B-L} model
Biswas, Anirban; Choubey, Sandhya; Khan, Sarif
2017-12-01
The Standard Model (SM) is inadequate to explain the origin of tiny neutrino masses, the dark matter (DM) relic abundance and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. In this work, to address all three puzzles, we extend the SM by a local U(1)_{B-L} gauge symmetry, three right-handed (RH) neutrinos for the cancellation of gauge anomalies and two complex scalars having non-zero U(1)_{B-L} charges. All the newly added particles become massive after the breaking of the U(1)_{B-L} symmetry by the vacuum expectation value (VEV) of one of the scalar fields φ _H. The other scalar field, φ _DM, which does not have any VEV, becomes automatically stable and can be a viable DM candidate. Neutrino masses are generated using the Type-I seesaw mechanism, while the required lepton asymmetry to reproduce the observed baryon asymmetry can be attained from the CP violating out of equilibrium decays of the RH neutrinos in TeV scale. More importantly within this framework, we study in detail the production of DM via the freeze-in mechanism considering all possible annihilation and decay processes. Finally, we find a situation when DM is dominantly produced from the annihilation of the RH neutrinos, which are at the same time also responsible for neutrino mass generation and leptogenesis.
Irges, Nikos; Zoupanos, George
2011-01-01
We present an extension of the Standard Model inspired by the E_8 x E_8 Heterotic String. In order that a reasonable effective Lagrangian is presented we neglect everything else other than the ten-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills sector associated with one of the gauge factors and certain couplings necessary for anomaly cancellation. We consider a compactified space-time M_4 x B_0 / Z_3, where B_0 is the nearly-Kaehler manifold SU(3)/U(1) x U(1) and Z_3 is a freely acting discrete group on B_0. Then we reduce dimensionally the E_8 on this manifold and we employ the Wilson flux mechanism leading in four dimensions to an SU(3)^3 gauge theory with the spectrum of a N=1 supersymmetric theory. We compute the effective four-dimensional Lagrangian and demonstrate that an extension of the Standard Model is obtained with interesting features including a conserved baryon number and fixed tree level Yukawa couplings and scalar potential. The spectrum contains new states such as right handed neutrinos and heavy ...
Horizontal $U(1)_{H}$ symmetry a non-anomalous model
Nardi, E
2000-01-01
Spontaneously broken Abelian gauge symmetries can explain the fermion mass hierarchies of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. In most cases it is assumed that the $U(1)_H$ symmetry is anomalous. However, non-anomalous models are also viable and yield an interesting phenomenology. Cancellation of the gauge anomalies implies the following results: unification of leptons and down-type quarks Yukawa couplings is allowed at most for two generations. The $\\mu$ term is necessarily somewhat below the supersymmetry breaking scale. The superpotential has accidental $B$ and $L$ symmetries, and R-parity is automatically conserved in the supersymmetric limit. Anomaly canncellation also implies that the determinant of the quark mass matrix must vanish, wich is possible only if $m_{up}=0$. This solves the strong CP problem and provides an unambiguous low energy test of the model.
Noncommutative U(1) gauge theory from a worldline perspective
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ahmadiniaz, Naser [Facultad de Ciencias en Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas,Ciudad Universitaria, Tuxtla Gutiérrez 29050 (Mexico); Corradini, Olindo [Facultad de Ciencias en Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas,Ciudad Universitaria, Tuxtla Gutiérrez 29050 (Mexico); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche,Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia,Via Campi 213/A, I-41125 Modena (Italy); D’Ascanio, Daniela [Instituto de Física La Plata - CONICET, Universidad Nacional de La Plata,CC 67 (1900), La Plata (Argentina); Estrada-Jiménez, Sendic [Facultad de Ciencias en Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas,Ciudad Universitaria, Tuxtla Gutiérrez 29050 (Mexico); Pisani, Pablo [Instituto de Física La Plata - CONICET, Universidad Nacional de La Plata,CC 67 (1900), La Plata (Argentina)
2015-11-10
We study pure noncommutative U(1) gauge theory representing its one-loop effective action in terms of a phase space worldline path integral. We write the quadratic action using the background field method to keep explicit gauge invariance, and then employ the worldline formalism to write the one-loop effective action, singling out UV-divergent parts and finite (planar and non-planar) parts, and study renormalization properties of the theory. This amounts to employ worldline Feynman rules for the phase space path integral, that nicely incorporate the Fadeev-Popov ghost contribution and efficiently separate planar and non-planar contributions. We also show that the effective action calculation is independent of the choice of the worldline Green’s function, that corresponds to a particular way of factoring out a particle zero-mode. This allows to employ homogeneous string-inspired Feynman rules that greatly simplify the computation.
On the composition of an arbitrary collection of SU(2) spins: an enumerative combinatoric approach
Gyamfi, J. A.; Barone, V.
2018-03-01
The whole enterprise of spin compositions can be recast as simple enumerative combinatoric problems. We show here that enumerative combinatorics (Stanley 2011 Enumerative Combinatorics (Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics vol 1) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)) is a natural setting for spin composition, and easily leads to very general analytic formulae—many of which hitherto not present in the literature. Based on it, we propose three general methods for computing spin multiplicities; namely, (1) the multi-restricted composition, (2) the generalized binomial and (3) the generating function methods. Symmetric and anti-symmetric compositions of SU(2) spins are also discussed, using generating functions. Of particular importance is the observation that while the common Clebsch–Gordan decomposition—which considers the spins as distinguishable—is related to integer compositions, the symmetric and anti-symmetric compositions (where one considers the spins as indistinguishable) are obtained considering integer partitions. The integers in question here are none other than the occupation numbers of the Holstein–Primakoff bosons. The pervasiveness of q-analogues in our approach is a testament to the fundamental role they play in spin compositions. In the appendix, some new results in the power series representation of Gaussian polynomials (or q-binomial coefficients)—relevant to symmetric and antisymmetric compositions—are presented.
Non-Local effective SU(2) Polyakov-loop models from inverse Monte-Carlo methods
Bahrampour, Bardiya; von Smekal, Lorenz
2016-01-01
The strong-coupling expansion of the lattice gauge action leads to Polyakov-loop models that effectively describe gluodynamics at low temperatures, and together with the hopping expansion of the fermion determinant provides insight into the QCD phase diagram at finite density and low temperatures, although for rather heavy quarks. At higher temperatures the strong-coupling expansion breaks down and it is expected that the interactions between Polyakov loops become non-local. Here, we therefore test how well pure SU(2) gluodynamics can be mapped onto different non-local Polyakov models with inverse Monte-Carlo methods. We take into account Polyakov loops in higher representations and gradually add interaction terms at larger distances. We are particularly interested in extrapolating the range of non-local terms in sufficiently large volumes and higher representations. We study the characteristic fall-off in strength of the non-local couplings with the interaction distance, and its dependence on the gauge coupl...
SU(2) Gauge Theory with Two Fundamental Flavours: a Minimal Template for Model Building
Arthur, Rudy; Hansen, Martin; Hietanen, Ari; Pica, Claudio; Sannino, Francesco
2016-01-01
We investigate the continuum spectrum of the SU(2) gauge theory with $N_f=2$ flavours of fermions in the fundamental representation. This model provides a minimal template which is ideal for a wide class of Standard Model extensions featuring novel strong dynamics that range from composite (Goldstone) Higgs theories to several intriguing types of dark matter candidates, such as the SIMPs. We improve our previous lattice analysis [1] by adding more data at light quark masses, at two additional lattice spacings, by determining the lattice cutoff via a Wilson flow measure of the $w_0$ parameter, and by measuring the relevant renormalisation constants non-perturbatively in the RI'-MOM scheme. Our results for the lightest isovector states in the vector and axial channels, in units of the pseudoscalar decay constant, are $m_V/F_{\\rm{PS}}\\sim 13.1(2.2)$ and $m_A/F_{\\rm{PS}}\\sim 14.5(3.6)$ (combining statistical and systematic errors). In the context of the composite (Goldstone) Higgs models, our result for the spin-...
CKM and PMNS Mixing Matrices from Discrete Subgroups of SU(2
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Potter F.
2014-07-01
Full Text Available One of the greatest challenges in particle physics is to determine the first principles origin of the quark and lepton mixing matrices CKM and PMNS that relate the flavor states to the mass states. This first principles derivation of both the PMNS and CKM matrices utilizes quaternion generators of the three discrete (i.e., finite binary rotational subgroups of SU(2 called [3,3,2], [4,3,2], and [5,3,2] for three lepton families in R 3 and four related discrete binary rotational subgroups [3,3,3], [4,3,3], [3,4,3], and [5,3,3] represented by four quark families in R 4 . The traditional 3 3 CKM matrix is extracted as a submatrix of the 4 4 CKM4 matrix. The predicted fourth family of quarks has not been discovered yet. If these two additional quarks exist, there is the possibility that the Standard Model lagrangian may apply all the way down to the Planck scale.
Zou, Liujun
2018-01-01
Topological crystalline insulators (TCIs) are nontrivial quantum phases of matter protected by crystalline (and other) symmetries. They are originally predicted by band theories, so an important question is their stability under interactions. In this paper, by directly studying the physical bulk properties of several band-theory-based nontrivial TCIs that are conceptually interesting and/or experimentally feasible, we show they are stable under interactions. These TCIs include (1) a weak topological insulator, (2) a TCI with a mirror symmetry and its time-reversal symmetric generalizations, (3) a doubled topological insulator with a mirror symmetry, and (4) two TCIs with symmetry-enforced-gapless surfaces. We describe two complementary methods that allow us to determine the properties of the magnetic monopoles obtained by coupling these TCIs to a U (1 ) gauge field. These methods involve studying different types of surface states of these TCIs. Applying these methods to our examples, we find all of them have nontrivial monopoles, which proves their stability under interactions. Furthermore, we discuss two levels of relations between these TCIs and symmetry enriched U (1 ) quantum spin liquids (QSLs). First, these TCIs are directly related to U (1 ) QSLs with crystalline symmetries. Second, there is an interesting correspondence between U (1 ) QSLs with crystalline symmetries and U (1 ) QSLs with internal symmetries. In particular, the TCIs with symmetry-enforced-gapless surfaces are related to the "fractional topological paramagnets" introduced in Zou et al. [arXiv:1710.00743].
The Infrared behaviour of the gluon propagator in SU(2) and SU(3) without lattice Gribov copies
Alexandrou, C; Follana, E; De Forcrand, Ph
2000-01-01
We present lattice results for the gluon propagator for SU(2) and SU(3) in the Laplacian gauge which avoids lattice Gribov copies. In SU(3) we compare with the most recent lattice calculation in Landau gauge and with various approximate solutions of the Dyson Schwinger equations (DSE).
Anomalous U(1)'s masses in non-supersymmetric open string vacua
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anastasopoulos, P
2004-05-20
Anomalous U(1)'s are omnipresent in realizations of the Standard Model using D-branes. Such models are typically non-supersymmetric, and the anomalous U(1) masses are potentially relevant for experiment. In this Letter, the string calculation of anomalous U(1) masses [hep-th/0204153] is extended to non-supersymmetric orientifolds.
Lattice simulation of a center symmetric three dimensional effective theory for SU(2) Yang-Mills
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Smith, Dominik
2010-11-17
We present lattice simulations of a center symmetric dimensionally reduced effective field theory for SU(2) Yang Mills which employ thermal Wilson lines and three-dimensional magnetic fields as fundamental degrees of freedom. The action is composed of a gauge invariant kinetic term, spatial gauge fields and a potential for theWilson line which includes a ''fuzzy'' bag term to generate non-perturbative fluctuations between Z(2) degenerate ground states. The model is studied in the limit where the gauge fields are set to zero as well as the full model with gauge fields. We confirm that, at moderately weak coupling, the ''fuzzy'' bag term leads to eigenvalue repulsion in a finite region above the deconfining phase transition which shrinks in the extreme weak-coupling limit. A non-trivial Z(N) symmetric vacuum arises in the confined phase. The effective potential for the Polyakov loop in the theory with gauge fields is extracted from the simulations including all modes of the loop as well as for cooled configurations where the hard modes have been averaged out. The former is found to exhibit a non-analytic contribution while the latter can be described by a mean-field like ansatz with quadratic and quartic terms, plus a Vandermonde potential which depends upon the location within the phase diagram. Other results include the exact location of the phase boundary in the plane spanned by the coupling parameters, correlation lengths of several operators in the magnetic and electric sectors and the spatial string tension. We also present results from simulations of the full 4D Yang-Mills theory and attempt to make a qualitative comparison to the 3D effective theory. (orig.)
New precision electroweak tests of SU(5) x U(1) supergravity
López, J L; Park, G T; Zichichi, Antonino
1994-01-01
We explore the one-loop electroweak radiative corrections in $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ supergravity via explicit calculation of vacuum-polarization and vertex-correction contributions to the $\\epsilon_1$ and $\\epsilon_b$ parameters. Experimentally, these parameters are obtained from a global fit to the set of observables $\\Gamma_{l}, \\Gamma_{b}, A^{l}_{FB}$, and $M_W/M_Z$. We include $q^2$-dependent effects, which induce a large systematic negative shift on $\\epsilon_{1}$ for light chargino masses ($m_{\\chi^\\pm_1}\\lsim70\\GeV$). The (non-oblique) supersymmetric vertex corrections to $\\Zbb$, which define the $\\epsilon_b$ parameter, show a significant positive shift for light chargino masses, which for $\\tan\\beta\\approx2$ can be nearly compensated by a negative shift from the charged Higgs contribution. We conclude that at the 90\\%CL, for $m_t\\lsim160\\GeV$ the present experimental values of $\\epsilon_1$ and $\\epsilon_b$ do not constrain in any way $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ supergravity in both no-scale and dilaton scenarios. ...
The top-quark mass in SU(5) x U(1) supergravity
López, J L; Zichichi, Antonino
1994-01-01
We show that the currently experimentally preferred values of the top-quark mass (\\ie, $130\\lsim m_t\\lsim180\\GeV$) are naturally understood in the context of string models, where the top-quark Yukawa coupling at the string scale is generically given by $\\lambda_t={\\cal O}(g)$, with $g$ the unified gauge coupling. A detailed study of the Yukawa sector of $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ supergravity shows that the ratio of the bottom-quark to tau-lepton Yukawa couplings at the string scale is required to be in the range $0.7\\lsim\\lambda_b/\\lambda_\\tau\\lsim1$, depending on the values of $m_t$ and $m_b$. This result is consistent with $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ symmetry, which does {\\em not} require the equality of these Yukawa couplings in the unbroken symmetry phase of the theory. As a means of possibly predicting the value of $m_t$, we propose a procedure whereby the size of the allowed parameter space is determined as a function of $m_t$, since all sparticle and Higgs-boson masses and couplings depend non-trivially on $m_t$. At p...
Instantons, vortices and confinement in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lemos, A.L.L. de [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil); Oxman, L.E.; Teixeira, B.F.I. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)
2012-07-01
Full text: In this work, we derive a recently proposed Abelian model to describe the interaction of correlated instantons, center vortices, and dual fields in three dimensional SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. Correlated monopoles and center vortices are believed to play a relevant role in accommodating the different properties of the confining string in Yang-Mills theories, receiving support from lattice simulations. In fact, scenarios based on either monopoles or closed center vortices are only partially successful to describe the expected behavior of the potential between quarks. At asymptotic distances, this potential should be linear and depend on the representation of the subgroup Z(N) of SU(N) (N-ality). At intermediate scales, it should posses Casimir scaling. The Cho-Faddeev- Niemi representation (CFN) can be used to associate monopoles with defects of the local color frame used to decompose the gauge fields. This possible frame defects can be extended to describe not only monopoles but also center vortices, correlated or not. In these scenarios, one of the difficulties is how to deal with the integration over an ensemble of extended objects, after considering a phenomenological parametrization of their properties, such as stiffness, interactions with dual fields, and interactions between them. This is particularly severe in four dimensional theories where center vortices generate two dimensional extended world surfaces. However, in three dimensions center vortices are stringlike and an ensemble of world lines is naturally associated with a second quantized field theory. The aim of this work is presenting a careful derivation of an effective model, considering instantons and center vortices in D=3 SU(3) theory, after parameterizing some intrinsic physical properties that these objects could present. One of the fundamental ingredients will be the adoption of recent techniques borrowed from polymer physics, where the extended objects are also one dimensional. This
Light sterile neutrinos, dark matter, and new resonances in a U(1) extension of the MSSM
Hebbar, A.; Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
2017-09-01
We present ψ'MSSM, a model based on a U(1) ψ' extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The gauge symmetry U(1)ψ', also known as U(1)N,is a linear combination of the U(1) χ and U(1)ψ subgroups of E6. The model predicts the existence of three sterile neutrinos with masses ≲0.1 eV , if the U(1)ψ' breaking scale is of order 10 TeV. Their contribution to the effective number of neutrinos at nucleosynthesis is Δ Nν≃0.29. The model can provide a variety of possible cold dark matter candidates including the lightest sterile sneutrino. If the U(1) ψ' breaking scale is increased to 1 03 TeV , the sterile neutrinos, which are stable on account of a Z2symmetry, become viable warm dark matter candidates. The observed value of the standard model Higgs boson mass can be obtained with relatively light stop quarks thanks to the D-term contribution from U(1)ψ'. The model predicts diquark and diphoton resonances which may be found at an updated LHC. The well-known μ problem is resolved and the observed baryon asymmetry of the universe can be generated via leptogenesis. The breaking of U(1)ψ' produces superconducting strings that may be present in our galaxy. A U(1) R symmetry plays a key role in keeping the proton stable and providing the light sterile neutrinos.
Spectral triples and associated Connes-de Rham complex for the quantum SU(2) and the quantum sphere
Chakraborty, Partha Sarathi; Pal, Arupkumar
2002-01-01
We construct spectral triples for the C^*-algebra of continuous functions on the quantum SU(2) group and the quantum sphere. There has been various approaches towards building a calculus on quantum spaces, but there seems to be very few instances of computations outlined in chapter~6 of Connes' book. We give detailed computations of the associated Connes-de Rham complex and the space of L_2-forms.
Single field inflation in supergravity with a U(1) gauge symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Heurtier, L. [Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, CNRS,91128 Palaiseau (France); Khalil, S. [Center for Fundamental Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology,6 October City, Cairo (Egypt); Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University,Cairo, 11566 (Egypt); Moursy, A. [Center for Fundamental Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology,6 October City, Cairo (Egypt)
2015-10-19
A single field inflation based on a supergravity model with a shift symmetry and U(1) extension of the MSSM is analyzed. We show that one of the real components of the two U(1) charged scalar fields plays the role of inflaton with an effective scalar potential similar to the “new chaotic inflation” scenario. Both non-anomalous and anomalous (with Fayet-Iliopoulos term) U(1) are studied. We show that the non-anomalous U(1) scenario is consistent with data of the cosmic microwave background and recent astrophysical measurements. A possible kinetic mixing between U(1) and U(1){sub B−L} is considered in order to allow for natural decay channels of the inflaton, leading to a reheating epoch. Upper limits on the reheating temperature thus turn out to favour an intermediate (∼O(10{sup 13}) GeV) scale B−L symmetry breaking.
Hamiltonian analysis of an on-shell U(1) gauge field theory
Lin, Chunshan; Sasaki, Misao
2017-11-01
We perform the Hamiltonian analysis of an on-shell U (1) gauge field theory, in which the action is not invariant under local U (1) transformations but recovers the invariance when the equations of motion are imposed. We firstly apply Dirac's method of Hamiltonian analysis. We find one first-class constraint and two second-class constraints in the vector sector. It implies the photons have only two polarisations, at least at the classical level, although the standard U (1) symmetry is explicitly broken. The reduced Hamiltonian is bounded from below and the on-shell U (1) gauge field theory is free from ghosts at the classical level.
Symmetry enriched U(1) topological orders for dipole-octupole doublets on a pyrochlore lattice
Li, Yao-Dong; Chen, Gang
2017-01-01
Symmetry plays a fundamental role in our understanding of both conventional symmetry breaking phases and the more exotic quantum and topological phases of matter. We explore the experimental signatures of symmetry enriched U(1) quantum spin liquids (QSLs) on the pyrochlore lattice. We point out that the Ce local moment of the newly discovered pyrochlore QSL candidate Ce2Sn2O7 , is a dipole-octupole doublet. The generic model for these unusual doublets supports two distinct symmetry enriched U(1) QSL ground states in the corresponding quantum spin ice regimes. These two U(1) QSLs are dubbed dipolar U(1) QSL and octupolar U(1) QSL. While the dipolar U(1) QSL has been discussed in many contexts, the octupolar U(1) QSL is rather unique. Based on the symmetry properties of the dipole-octupole doublets, we predict the peculiar physical properties of the octupolar U(1) QSL, elucidating the unique spectroscopic properties in the external magnetic fields. We further predict the Anderson-Higgs transition from the octupolar U(1) QSL driven by the external magnetic fields. We identify the experimental relevance with the candidate material Ce2Sn2O7 and other dipole-octupole doublet systems.
Neutrino Oscillations in an SO(10) SUSY GUT with $U(2)xU(1)^{n}$ Family Symmetry
Blazek, T; Tobe, K
2000-01-01
In a previous paper we analyzed fermion masses (focusing on neutrino masses and mixing angles) in an SO(10) SUSY GUT with U(2)$\\timesU(1)^n$ family symmetry. The model is "natural" containing all operators in the Lagrangian consistent with the states and their charges. With minimal family symmetry breaking vevs the model is also predictive giving a unique solution to atmospheric (with maximal $\
Frank, Mariana; Özdal, Özer
2018-01-01
We study the low scale predictions of the supersymmetric standard model extended by U (1 )B -L×U (1 )R symmetry, obtained from S O (10 ) breaking via a left-right supersymmetric model, imposing universal boundary conditions. Two singlet Higgs fields are responsible for the radiative U (1 )B -L×U (1 )R symmetry breaking, and a singlet fermion S is introduced to generate neutrino masses through an inverse seesaw mechanism. The lightest neutralino or sneutrino emerge as dark matter candidates, with different low scale implications. We find that the composition of the neutralino lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) changes considerably depending on the neutralino LSP mass, from roughly half U (1 )R bino, half minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) bino, to a singlet higgsino, or completely dominated by the MSSM higgsino. The sneutrino LSP is statistically much less likely, and when it occurs it is a 50-50 mixture of right-handed sneutrino and the scalar S ˜. Most of the solutions consistent with the relic density constraint survive the XENON 1T exclusion curve for both LSP cases. We compare the two scenarios and investigate parameter space points and find consistency with the muon anomalous magnetic moment only at the edge of a 2 σ deviation from the measured value. However, we find that the sneutrino LSP solutions could be ruled out completely by the strict reinforcement of the recent Z' mass bounds. We finally discuss collider prospects for testing the model.
46 CFR 54.01-10 - Steam-generating pressure vessels (modifies U-1(g)).
2010-10-01
... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Steam-generating pressure vessels (modifies U-1(g)). 54... ENGINEERING PRESSURE VESSELS General Requirements § 54.01-10 Steam-generating pressure vessels (modifies U-1(g)). (a) Pressure vessels in which steam is generated are classed as “Unfired Steam Boilers” except as...
Closure report for underground storage tank 141-R3U1 and its associated underground piping
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mallon, B.J.; Blake, R.G.
1994-03-01
Underground storage tank UST 141-R3U1 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), was registered with the State Water Resources Control Board on June 27, 1984. This tank system consisted of a concrete tank, lined with polyvinyl chloride, and approximately 100 feet of PVC underground piping. UST 141-R3U1 had a capacity of 450 gallons. The underground piping connected three floor drains and one sink inside Building 141 to UST 141-R3U1. The wastewater collected in UST 141-R3U1 contained organic solvents, metals, and inorganic acids. On November 30, 1987, the 141-R3U1 tank system failed a precision tank test. The 141-R3U1 tank system was subsequently emptied and removed from service pending further precision tests to determine the location of the leak within the tank system. A precision tank test on February 5, 1988, was performed to confirm the November 30, 1987 test. Four additional precision tests were performed on this tank system between February 25, 1988, and March 6, 1988. The leak was located where the inlet piping from Building 141 penetrates the concrete side of UST 141-R3U1. The volume of wastewater that entered the backfill and soil around and/or beneath UST 141-R3U1 is unknown. On December 13, 1989, the LLNL Environmental Restoration Division submitted a plan to close UST 141-R3U1 and its associated piping to the Alameda County Department of Environmental Health. UST 141-R3U1 was closed as an UST, and shall be used instead as additional secondary containment for two aboveground storage tanks.
Spin-k/2-spin-k/2 SU(2) two-point functions on the torus
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kirsch, Ingo [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Gruppe Theorie; Kucharski, Piotr [Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics
2012-11-15
We discuss a class of two-point functions on the torus of primary operators in the SU(2) Wess-Zumino-Witten model at integer level k. In particular, we construct an explicit expression for the current blocks of the spin-(k)/(2)-spin-(k)/(2) torus two-point functions for all k. We first examine the factorization limits of the proposed current blocks and test their monodromy properties. We then prove that the current blocks solve the corresponding Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-like differential equations using the method of Mathur, Mukhi and Sen.
SU(2 color NJL model and EOS of quark-hadron matter at finite temperature and density
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Weise Wolfram
2012-02-01
Full Text Available We study the NJL model with the Polyakov loop in the SU(2-color case for the EOS of quark-hadron matter at finite temperature and density. We consider the spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and the diquark condensation together with the behavior of the Polyakov loop for the phase diagram of quark-hadron matter. We discuss the spectrum of mesons and diquark baryons (boson at finite temperature and density.We derive also the linear sigma model Lagrangian for diquark baryon and mesons.
A note on open-chain transfer matrices from q-deformed su(2 vertical stroke 2)S-matrices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Murgan, R. [Physics Department, Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, MN (United States)
2009-09-15
In this note, we perform Sklyanin's construction of commuting open-chain/boundary transfer matrices to the q-deformed SU(2 vertical stroke 2) bulk S-matrix of Beisert and Koroteev and a corresponding boundary S-matrix. This also includes a corresponding commuting transfer matrix using the graded version of the q-deformed bulk S-matrix. Utilizing the crossing property for the bulk S-matrix, we argue that the transfer matrix for both graded and non-graded versions contains a crucial factor which is essential for commutativity. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
U1 snDNA clusters in grasshoppers: chromosomal dynamics and genomic organization.
Anjos, A; Ruiz-Ruano, F J; Camacho, J P M; Loreto, V; Cabrero, J; de Souza, M J; Cabral-de-Mello, D C
2015-02-01
The spliceosome, constituted by a protein set associated with small nuclear RNA (snRNA), is responsible for mRNA maturation through intron removal. Among snRNA genes, U1 is generally a conserved repetitive sequence. To unveil the chromosomal/genomic dynamics of this multigene family in grasshoppers, we mapped U1 genes by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 70 species belonging to the families Proscopiidae, Pyrgomorphidae, Ommexechidae, Romaleidae and Acrididae. Evident clusters were observed in all species, indicating that, at least, some U1 repeats are tandemly arrayed. High conservation was observed in the first four families, with most species carrying a single U1 cluster, frequently located in the third or fourth longest autosome. By contrast, extensive variation was observed among Acrididae, from a single chromosome pair carrying U1 to all chromosome pairs carrying it, with occasional occurrence of two or more clusters in the same chromosome. DNA sequence analysis in Eyprepocnemis plorans (species carrying U1 clusters on seven different chromosome pairs) and Locusta migratoria (carrying U1 in a single chromosome pair) supported the coexistence of functional and pseudogenic lineages. One of these pseudogenic lineages was truncated in the same nucleotide position in both species, suggesting that it was present in a common ancestor to both species. At least in E. plorans, this U1 snDNA pseudogenic lineage was associated with 5S rDNA and short interspersed elements (SINE)-like mobile elements. Given that we conclude in grasshoppers that the U1 snDNA had evolved under the birth-and-death model and that its intragenomic spread might be related with mobile elements.
Four-dimensional quantum oscillator and magnetic monopole with U(1) dynamical group
Bakhshi, Z.; Panahi, H.; Golchehre, S. G.
2017-09-01
By using an appropriate transformation, it was shown that the quantum system of four-dimensional (4D) simple harmonic oscillator can describe the motion of a charged particle in the presence of a magnetic monopole field. It was shown that the Dirac magnetic monopole has the hidden algebra of U(1) symmetry and by reducing the dimensions of space, the U(1) × U(1) dynamical group for 4D harmonic oscillator quantum system was obtained. Using the group representation and based on explicit solution of the obtained differential equation, the spectrum of system was calculated.
Tate’s algorithm for F-theory GUTs with two U(1)s
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lawrie, Craig; Sacco, Damiano [Department of Mathematics, King’s College London,The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom)
2015-03-10
We present a systematic study of elliptic fibrations for F-theory realizations of gauge theories with two U(1) factors. In particular, we determine a new class of SU(5)×U(1){sup 2} fibrations, which can be used to engineer Grand Unified Theories, with multiple, differently charged, 10 matter representations. To determine these models we apply Tate’s algorithm to elliptic fibrations with two U(1) symmetries, which are realized in terms of a cubic in ℙ{sup 2}. In the process, we find fibers which are not characterized solely in terms of vanishing orders, but with some additional specialization, which plays a key role in the construction of these novel SU(5) models with multiple 10 matter. We also determine a table of Tate-like forms for Kodaira fibers with two U(1)s.
Monopoles in 2+1-dimensional conformal field theories with global U(1) symmetry
Pufu, Silviu S.; Sachdev, Subir
2013-01-01
In 2 + 1-dimensional conformal field theories with a global U(1) symmetry, monopoles can be introduced through a background gauge field that couples to the U(1) conserved current. We use the state-operator correspondence to calculate scaling dimensions of such monopole insertions. We obtain the next-to-leading term in the 1/Nb expansion of the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in the theory of Nb complex bosons.
Rescue of coagulation factor VII function by the U1+5A snRNA.
Pinotti, Mirko; Balestra, Dario; Rizzotto, Lara; Maestri, Iva; Pagani, Franco; Bernardi, Francesco
2009-06-18
Our previous studies with genomic minigenes have demonstrated that an engineered small nuclear RNA-U1 (U1+5a) partially rescued coagulation factor VII (FVII) mRNA processing impaired by the 9726+5G>A mutation. Here, to evaluate the U1+5a effects on FVII function, we devised a full-length FVII splicing-competent construct (pSCFVII-wt). This construct drove in COS-1 cells the synthesis of properly processed FVII transcripts and of secreted functional FVII (23 +/- 4 ng/mL), which were virtually undetectable upon introduction of the 9726+5G>A mutation (pSCFVII-9726+5a). Cotransfection of pSCFVII-9726+5a with pU1+5a resulted in a partial rescue of FVII splicing and protein biosynthesis. The level increase in medium was dose dependent and, with a molar excess (1.5x) of pU1+5a, reached 9.5% plus or minus 3.2% (5.0 +/- 2.8 ng/mL) of FVII-wt coagulant activity. These data provide the first insights into the U1-snRNA-mediated rescue of donor splice sites at protein level, thus further highlighting its therapeutic implications in bleeding disorders, which would benefit even from tiny increase of functional levels.
Closure report for underground storage tank 161-R1U1 and its associated underground piping
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mallon, B.J.; Blake, R.G.
1994-05-01
Underground storage tank (UST) 161-31 R at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was registered with the State Water Resources Control Board on June 27, 1984. UST 161-31R was subsequently renamed UST 161-R1U1 (Fig. A-1, Appendix A). UST 161-R1U1 was installed in 1976, and had a capacity of 383 gallons. This tank system consisted of a fiberglass reinforced plastic tank, approximately 320 feet of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) underground piping from Building 161, and approximately 40 feet of PVC underground piping from Building 160. The underground piping connected laboratory drains and sinks inside Buildings 160 and 161 to UST 161-R1U1. The wastewater collected in UST 161-R1U1, contained organic solvents, metals, inorganic acids, and radionuclides, most of which was produced within Building 161. On June 28, 1989, the UST 161-R1U1 piping system.around the perimeter of Building 161 failed a precision test performed by Gary Peters Enterprises (Appendix B). The 161-R1U1 tank system was removed from service after the precision test. In July 1989, additional hydrostatic tests and helium leak detection tests were performed (Appendix B) to determine the locations of the piping failures in the Building 161 piping system. The locations of the piping system failures are shown in Figure A-2 (Appendix A). On July 11, 1989, LLNL submitted an Unauthorized Release Report to Alameda County Department of Environmental Health (ACDEH), Appendix C.
Domain walls and perturbation theory in high temperature gauge theory SU(2) in 2+1 dimensions
Korthals-Altes, C P; Stephanov, M A; Teper, M; Altes, C Korthals
1997-01-01
We study the detailed properties of Z_2 domain walls in the deconfined high temperature phase of the d=2+1 SU(2) gauge theory. These walls are studied both by computer simulations of the lattice theory and by one-loop perturbative calculations. The latter are carried out both in the continuum and on the lattice. We find that leading order perturbation theory reproduces the detailed properties of these domain walls remarkably accurately even at temperatures where the effective dimensionless expansion parameter, g^2/T, is close to unity. The quantities studied include the surface tension, the action density profiles, roughening and the electric screening mass. It is only for the last quantity that we find an exception to the precocious success of perturbation theory. All this shows that, despite the presence of infrared divergences at higher orders, high-T perturbation theory can be an accurate calculational tool.
Pion structure function from leading neutron electroproduction and SU(2) flavor asymmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McKenney, Joshua R. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Sato Gonzalez, Nobuo; Melnitchouk, Wally [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Ji, Chueng-Ryong [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
2016-03-01
We examine the efficacy of pion exchange models to simultaneously describe leading neutron electroproduction at HERA and the $\\bar{d}-\\bar{u}$ flavor asymmetry in the proton. A detailed $\\chi^2$ analysis of the ZEUS and H1 cross sections, when combined with constraints on the pion flux from Drell-Yan data, allows regions of applicability of one-pion exchange to be delineated. The analysis disfavors several models of the pion flux used in the literature, and yields an improved extraction of the pion structure function and its uncertainties at parton momentum fractions in the pion of $4 \\times 10^{-4} \\lesssim x_\\pi \\lesssim 0.05$ at a scale of $Q^2$=10 GeV$^2$. Based on the fit results, we provide estimates for leading proton structure functions in upcoming tagged deep-inelastic scattering experiments at Jefferson Lab on the deuteron with forward protons.
Non-perturbatively gauge-fixed compact U(1) lattice gauge theory
De, Asit K.; Sarkar, Mugdha
2017-10-01
An extensive study of the compact U(1) lattice gauge theory with a higher derivative gauge-fixing term and a suitable counter-term has been undertaken to determine the nature of the possible continuum limits for a wide range of the parameters, especially at strong gauge couplings ( g > 1), adding to our previous study at a single gauge coupling g = 1 .3 [1]. Our major conclusion is that a continuum limit of free massless photons(with the redundant pure gauge degrees of freedom decoupled) is achieved at any gauge coupling, not necessarily small, provided the coefficient \\tilde{κ} of the gauge-fixing term is sufficiently large. In fact, the region of continuous phase transition leading to the above physics in the strong gauge coupling region is found to be analytically connected to the point g = 0 and \\tilde{κ}\\to ∞ where the classical action has a global unique minimum, around which weak coupling perturbation theory in bare parameters is defined, controlling the physics of the whole region. A second major conclusion is that, local algorithms like Multihit Metropolis fail to produce faithful field configurations with large values of the coefficient \\tilde{κ} of the higher derivative gauge-fixing term and at large lattice volumes. A global algorithm like Hybrid Monte Carlo, although at times slow to move out of metastabilities, generally is able to produce faithful configurations and has been used extensively in the current study.
The superworlds of SU(5) and SU(5) x U(1) a critical assessment and overview
López, J L; Zichichi, Antonino
1993-01-01
We present an overview of the simplest supergravity models which enforce radiative breaking of the electroweak symmetry, namely the minimal $SU(5)$ supergravity model and the class of string-inspired/derived supergravity models based on the flipped $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ structure supplemented by a minimal set of additional matter representations such that unification occurs at the string scale ($\\sim10^{18}\\GeV$). These models can be fully parametrized in terms of the top-quark mass, the ratio $\\tan\\beta=v_2/v_1$, and three supersymmetry breaking parameters ($m_{1/2},m_0,A$). The latter are chosen in the minimal $SU(5)$ model such that the stringent constraints from proton decay and cosmology are satisfied. In the flipped $SU(5)$ case we consider two string-inspired supersymmetry breaking scenaria: $SU(N,1)$ no-scale supergravity and a dilaton-induced supersymmetry breaking scenario. Both imply universal soft supersymmetry breaking parameters: $m_0=A=0$ and $m_0=\\coeff{1}{\\sqrt{3}}m_{1/2}, A=-m_{1/2}$ respective...
Spectroscopy and thermal modelling of the first interstellar object 1I/2017 U1 `Oumuamua
Fitzsimmons, Alan; Snodgrass, Colin; Rozitis, Ben; Yang, Bin; Hyland, Méabh; Seccull, Tom; Bannister, Michele T.; Fraser, Wesley C.; Jedicke, Robert; Lacerda, Pedro
2018-02-01
During the formation and evolution of the Solar System, significant numbers of cometary and asteroidal bodies were ejected into interstellar space1,2. It is reasonable to expect that the same happened for planetary systems other than our own. Detection of such interstellar objects would allow us to probe the planetesimal formation processes around other stars, possibly together with the effects of long-term exposure to the interstellar medium. 1I/2017 U1 `Oumuamua is the first known interstellar object, discovered by the Pan-STARRS1 telescope in October 2017 (ref. 3). The discovery epoch photometry implies a highly elongated body with radii of 200 × 20 m when a comet-like geometric albedo of 0.04 is assumed. The observable interstellar object population is expected to be dominated by comet-like bodies in agreement with our spectra, yet the reported inactivity of 'Oumuamua implies a lack of surface ice. Here, we report spectroscopic characterization of `Oumuamua, finding it to be variable with time but similar to organically rich surfaces found in the outer Solar System. We show that this is consistent with predictions of an insulating mantle produced by long-term cosmic ray exposure4. An internal icy composition cannot therefore be ruled out by the lack of activity, even though `Oumuamua passed within 0.25 au of the Sun.
Law, Michael J; Linde, Michael E; Chambers, Eric J; Oubridge, Chris; Katsamba, Phinikoula S; Nilsson, Lennart; Haworth, Ian S; Laird-Offringa, Ite A
2006-01-01
Previous kinetic investigations of the N-terminal RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain of spliceosomal protein U1A, interacting with its RNA target U1 hairpin II, provided experimental evidence for a 'lure and lock' model of binding in which electrostatic interactions first guide the RNA to the protein, and close range interactions then lock the two molecules together. To further investigate the 'lure' step, here we examined the electrostatic roles of two sets of positively charged amino acids in U1A that do not make hydrogen bonds to the RNA: Lys20, Lys22 and Lys23 close to the RNA-binding site, and Arg7, Lys60 and Arg70, located on 'top' of the RRM domain, away from the RNA. Surface plasmon resonance-based kinetic studies, supplemented with salt dependence experiments and molecular dynamics simulation, indicate that Lys20 predominantly plays a role in association, while nearby residues Lys22 and Lys23 appear to be at least as important for complex stability. In contrast, kinetic analyses of residues away from the RNA indicate that they have a minimal effect on association and stability. Thus, well-positioned positively charged residues can be important for both initial complex formation and complex maintenance, illustrating the multiple roles of electrostatic interactions in protein-RNA complexes.
The Gribov problem in presence of background field for SU(2) Yang–Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Canfora, Fabrizio, E-mail: canfora@cecs.cl [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile); Hidalgo, Diego, E-mail: dhidalgo@cecs.cl [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile); Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160, Concepción (Chile); Pais, Pablo, E-mail: pais@cecs.cl [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile); Physique Théorique et Mathématique, Univérsite de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium)
2016-12-10
The Gribov problem in the presence of a background field is analyzed: in particular, we study the Gribov copies equation in the Landau–De Witt gauge as well as the semi-classical Gribov gap equation. As background field, we choose the simplest non-trivial one which corresponds to a constant gauge potential with non-vanishing component along the Euclidean time direction. This kind of constant non-Abelian background fields is very relevant in relation with (the computation of) the Polyakov loop but it also appears when one considers the non-Abelian Schwinger effect. We show that the Gribov copies equation is affected directly by the presence of the background field, constructing an explicit example. The analysis of the Gribov gap equation shows that the larger the background field, the smaller the Gribov mass parameter. These results strongly suggest that the relevance of the Gribov copies (from the path integral point of view) decreases as the size of the background field increases.
Right-handed neutrino dark matter in the classically conformal U(1 ) ' extended standard model
Oda, Satsuki; Okada, Nobuchika; Takahashi, Dai-suke
2017-11-01
We consider the dark matter (DM) scenario in the context of the classically conformal U(1 ) ' extended standard model (SM), with three right-handed neutrinos (RHNs) and the U(1 ) ' Higgs field. The model is free from all of the U(1 ) ' gauge and gravitational anomalies in the presence of the three RHNs. We introduce a Z2 parity in the model, under which an odd parity is assigned to one RHN, while all of the other particles are assigned to be Z2 even, and hence the Z2-odd RHN serves as a DM candidate. In this model, the U(1 ) ' gauge symmetry is radiatively broken through the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism, by which the electroweak symmetry breaking is triggered. There are three free parameters in our model—the U(1 ) ' charge of the SM Higgs doublet (xH ), the new U(1 ) ' gauge coupling (gX ), and the U(1 ) ' gauge boson (Z') mass (mZ')—which are severely constrained in order to solve the electroweak vacuum instability problem, and satisfy the LHC Run-2 bounds from the search for the Z' boson resonance. In addition to these constraints, we investigate the RHN DM physics. Because of the nature of classical conformality, we find that a RHN DM pair mainly annihilates into the SM particles through Z' boson exchange. This is the so-called Z'-portal DM scenario. Combining the electroweak vacuum stability condition, the LHC Run-2 bounds, and the cosmological constraint from the observed DM relic density, we find that all constraints work together to narrow the allowed parameter regions and, in particular, exclude mZ'≲3.5 TeV . For the obtained allowed regions, we calculate the spin-independent cross section of the RHN DM with nucleons. We find that the resultant cross section is well below the current experimental upper bounds.
Coenzyme O*U1*UO, Alpha-Tocopherol and Free Cholesterol in HDL and LDL Fractions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Kurt; Theorell, Henning; Karlsson, Jan
1991-01-01
Farmakologi, Alpha-tocopherol, Coenzyme Q*U1*U0, free cholesterol, LDL, Antioxidants, Lipoproteins, HDL......Farmakologi, Alpha-tocopherol, Coenzyme Q*U1*U0, free cholesterol, LDL, Antioxidants, Lipoproteins, HDL...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dario Balestra
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In cellular models we have demonstrated that a unique U1snRNA targeting an intronic region downstream of a defective exon (Exon-specific U1snRNA, ExSpeU1 can rescue multiple exon-skipping mutations, a relevant cause of genetic disease. Here, we explored in mice the ExSpeU1 U1fix9 toward two model Hemophilia B-causing mutations at the 5′ (c.519A > G or 3′ (c.392-8T > G splice sites of F9 exon 5. Hydrodynamic injection of wt-BALB/C mice with plasmids expressing the wt and mutant (hFIX-2G5′ss and hFIX-8G3′ss splicing-competent human factor IX (hFIX cassettes resulted in the expression of hFIX transcripts lacking exon 5 in liver, and in low plasma levels of inactive hFIX. Coinjection of U1fix9, but not of U1wt, restored exon inclusion of variants and in the intrinsically weak FIXwt context. This resulted in appreciable circulating hFIX levels (mean ± SD; hFIX-2G5′ss, 1.0 ± 0.5 µg/ml; hFIX-8G3′ss, 1.2 ± 0.3 µg/ml; and hFIXwt, 1.9 ± 0.6 µg/ml, leading to a striking shortening (from ≃100 seconds of untreated mice to ≃80 seconds of FIX-dependent coagulation times, indicating a hFIX with normal specific activity. This is the first proof-of-concept in vivo that a unique ExSpeU1 can efficiently rescue gene expression impaired by distinct exon-skipping variants, which extends the applicability of ExSpeU1s to panels of mutations and thus cohort of patients.
CYP2U1 activity is altered by missense mutations in hereditary spastic paraplegia 56.
Durand, Christelle M; Dhers, Laura; Tesson, Christelle; Tessa, Alessandra; Fouillen, Laetitia; Jacqueré, Stéphanie; Raymond, Laure; Coupry, Isabelle; Benard, Giovanni; Darios, Frédéric; El-Hachimi, Khalid H; Astrea, Guja; Rivier, François; Banneau, Guillaume; Pujol, Claire; Lacombe, Didier; Durr, Alexandra; Babin, Patrick J; Santorelli, Filippo M; Pietrancosta, Nicolas; Boucher, Jean-Luc; Mansuy, Daniel; Stevanin, Giovanni; Goizet, Cyril
2018-01-01
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is an inherited disorder of the central nervous system mainly characterized by gradual spasticity and weakness of the lower limbs. SPG56 is a rare autosomal recessive early onset complicated form of HSP caused by mutations in CYP2U1. The CYP2U1 enzyme was shown to catalyze the hydroxylation of arachidonic acid. Here, we report two further SPG56 families carrying three novel CYP2U1 missense variants and the development of an in vitro biochemical assay to determine the pathogenicity of missense variants of uncertain clinical significance. We compared spectroscopic, enzymatic, and structural (from a 3D model) characteristics of the over expressed wild-type or mutated CYP2U1 in HEK293T cells. Our findings demonstrated that most of the tested missense variants in CYP2U1 were functionally inactive because of a loss of proper heme binding or destabilization of the protein structure. We also showed that functional data do not necessarily correlate with in silico predictions of variants pathogenicity, using different bioinformatic phenotype prediction tools. Our results therefore highlight the importance to use biological tools, such as the enzymatic test set up in this study, to evaluate the effects of newly identified variants in clinical settings. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Anomalous U(1), Gauge-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking and Higgs as Pseudo-Goldstone Bosons
Dvali, Gia; Dvali, Gia; Pomarol, Alex
1998-01-01
We study the breaking of supersymmetry in models with anomalous U(1). These models are simple to construct and contain natural candidates for being the messengers of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking. When some of the ordinary matter fields transform under the anomalous U(1), we find a hybrid scenario in which the U(1) and the gauge interactions mediate the breaking of supersymmetry. This leads to a hierarchy of soft masses between the charged and neutral fields and provides a solution to the $\\mu$-problem. Among these models, we present a scenario in which the Higgs arises as a pseudo-Goldstone boson. This scenario naturally allows for values of the $\\mu$-term and the scalar soft masses larger than the weak scale.
Matrix models from localization of five-dimensional supersymmetric noncommutative U(1) gauge theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, Bum-Hoon [Department of Physics, Sogang University,Seoul 04107 (Korea, Republic of); Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, POSTECH,Pohang, Gyeongbuk 37673 (Korea, Republic of); Center for Quantum Spacetime, Sogang University,Seoul 04107 (Korea, Republic of); Ro, Daeho [Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, POSTECH,Pohang, Gyeongbuk 37673 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Hyun Seok [Center for Quantum Spacetime, Sogang University,Seoul 04107 (Korea, Republic of)
2017-01-10
We study localization of five-dimensional supersymmetric U(1) gauge theory on S{sup 3}×ℝ{sub θ}{sup 2} where ℝ{sub θ}{sup 2} is a noncommutative (NC) plane. The theory can be isomorphically mapped to three-dimensional supersymmetric U(N→∞) gauge theory on S{sup 3} using the matrix representation on a separable Hilbert space on which NC fields linearly act. Therefore the NC space ℝ{sub θ}{sup 2} allows for a flexible path to derive matrix models via localization from a higher-dimensional supersymmetric NC U(1) gauge theory. The result shows a rich duality between NC U(1) gauge theories and large N matrix models in various dimensions.
Oscillating asymmetric sneutrino dark matter from the maximally U(1L supersymmetric inverse seesaw
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shao-Long Chen
2016-10-01
Full Text Available The inverse seesaw mechanism provides an attractive approach to generate small neutrino mass, which origins from a tiny U(1L breaking. In this paper, we work in the supersymmetric version of this mechanism, where the singlet-like sneutrino could be an asymmetric dark matter (ADM candidate in the maximally U(1L symmetric limit. However, even a tiny δm, the mass splitting between sneutrino and anti-sneutrino as a result of the tiny U(1L breaking effect, could lead to fast oscillation between sneutrino and anti-sneutrino and thus spoils the ADM scenario. We study the evolution of this oscillation and find that a weak scale sneutrino, which tolerates a relatively larger δm∼10−5 eV, is strongly favored. We also investigate possible natural ways to realize that small δm in the model.
Abelian Turaev-Virelizier theorem and U(1) BF surgery formulas
Mathieu, Ph.; Thuillier, F.
2017-10-01
In this article, we construct the Reshetikhin-Turaev invariant associated with the Drinfeld Center of the spherical category arising from the U(1) BF theory on a closed 3-manifold M. This invariant is shown to coincide with the Turaev-Viro invariant of M thus providing an example of the Turaev-Virelizier theorem. Finally we exhibit some surgery formulas for the abelian Turaev-Viro invariant which are very similar to the surgery formulas of the abelian Reshetikhin-Turaev invariant obtained in the U(1) Chern-Simons context.
Minimal gauged U(1) B-L model with spontaneous R parity violation.
Barger, Vernon; Pérez, Pavel Fileviez; Spinner, Sogee
2009-05-08
We study the minimal gauged U(1) B-L supersymmetric model and show that it provides an attractive theory for spontaneous R-parity violation. Both U(1) B-L and R parity are broken by the vacuum expectation value of the right-handed sneutrino (proportional to the soft supersymmetry masses), thereby linking the B-L and soft SUSY scales. In this context we find a consistent mechanism for generating neutrino masses and a realistic mass spectrum, all without extending the Higgs sector of the minimal supersymmetry standard model. We discuss the most relevant collider signals and the connection between the Z' gauge boson and R-parity violation.
Supersymmetric model with an extra U(1) gauge symmetry forbidding proton decay
Aoki; Oshimo
2000-06-05
In the standard model the proton is protected from decay naturally by gauge symmetries, whereas in the ordinary minimal supersymmetric standard model an ad hoc discrete symmetry is imposed for the proton stability. We present a new supersymmetric model in which the proton decay is forbidden by an extra U(1) gauge symmetry. Particle contents are necessarily increased to be free from anomalies, incorporating right-handed neutrinos. Both Dirac and Majorana masses are generated for neutrinos, yielding nonvanishing but small masses. The superpotential consists only of trilinear couplings and the mass parameter &mgr; of the minimal model is induced by spontaneous breaking of the U(1) symmetry.
Remarks on mass and angular momenta for U(1){sup 2}-invariant initial data
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alaee, Aghil, E-mail: aak818@mun.ca; Kunduri, Hari K., E-mail: hkkunduri@mun.ca [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador NL A1C 4P5 (Canada)
2016-03-15
We extend Brill’s positive mass theorem to a large class of asymptotically flat, maximal, U(1){sup 2}-invariant initial data sets on simply connected four dimensional manifolds Σ. Moreover, we extend the local mass angular momenta inequality result [A. Alaee and H. K. Kunduri, Classical Quantum Gravity 32(16), 165020 (2015)] for U(1){sup 2} invariant black holes to the case with nonzero stress energy tensor with positive matter density and energy-momentum current invariant under the above symmetries.
London relation and fluxoid quantization for monopole currents in U(1) lattice gauge theory
Singh, Vandana; Browne, Dana A; 10.1103/PhysRevD.47.1715
2009-01-01
We explore the analogy between quark confinement and the Meissner effect in superconductors. We measure the response of color-magnetic "supercurrents" from Dirac magnetic monopoles to the presence of a static quark-antiquark pair in four dimensional U(1) lattice gauge theory. Our results indicate that in the confined phase these currents screen the color-electric flux due to the quarks in an electric analogy of the Meisner effect. We show that U(1) lattice guage theory obeys both a dual London equation and an electric fluxoid quantization condition.
Matter, dark matter and gravitational waves from a GUT-scale U(1) phase transition
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Domcke, Valerie
2013-09-15
The cosmological realization of the spontaneous breaking of B-L, the difference of baryon and lepton number, can generate the initial conditions for the hot early universe. In particular, we show that entropy, dark matter and a matter-antimatter asymmetry can be produced in accordance with current observations. If B-L is broken at the grand unification scale, F-term hybrid inflation can be realized in the false vacuum of unbroken B-L. The phase transition at the end of inflation, governed by tachyonic preheating, spontaneously breaks the U(1){sub B-L} symmetry and sets the initial conditions for the following perturbative reheating phase. We provide a detailed, time-resolved picture of the reheating process. The competition of cosmic expansion and entropy production leads to an intermediate plateau of constant temperature, which controls both the generated lepton asymmetry and the dark matter abundance. This enables us to establish relations between the neutrino and superparticle mass spectrum, rendering this mechanism testable. Moreover, we calculate the entire gravitational wave spectrum for this setup. This yields a promising possibility to probe cosmological B - L breaking with forthcoming gravitational wave detectors such as eLISA, advanced LIGO and BBO/DECIGO. The largest contribution is obtained from cosmic strings which is, for typical parameter values, at least eight orders of magnitude higher then the contribution from inflation. Finally, we study the possibility of realizing hybrid inflation in a superconformal framework. We find that superconformal D-term inflation is an interesting possibility generically leading to a two-field inflation model, but in its simplest version disfavoured by the recently published Planck data.
Exact partition functions for the Ω-deformed N=2{sup ∗}SU(2) gauge theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beccaria, Matteo; Macorini, Guido [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); INFN,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)
2016-07-12
We study the low energy effective action of the Ω-deformed N=2{sup ∗}SU(2) gauge theory. It depends on the deformation parameters ϵ{sub 1},ϵ{sub 2}, the scalar field expectation value a, and the hypermultiplet mass m. We explore the plane ((m/(ϵ{sub 1})),((ϵ{sub 2})/(ϵ{sub 1}))) looking for special features in the multi-instanton contributions to the prepotential, motivated by what happens in the Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit ϵ{sub 2}→0. We propose a simple condition on the structure of poles of the k-instanton prepotential and show that it is admissible at a finite set of points in the above plane. At these special points, the prepotential has poles at fixed positions independent on the instanton number. Besides and remarkably, both the instanton partition function and the full prepotential, including the perturbative contribution, may be given in closed form as functions of the scalar expectation value a and the modular parameter q appearing in special combinations of Eisenstein series and Dedekind η function. As a byproduct, the modular anomaly equation can be tested at all orders at these points. We discuss these special features from the point of view of the AGT correspondence and provide explicit toroidal 1-blocks in non-trivial closed form. The full list of solutions with 1, 2, 3, and 4 poles is determined and described in details.
Width and string tension of the flux tube in SU(2) lattice gauge theory at high temperature
Chagdaa, S.; Galsandorj, E.; Laermann, E.; Purev, B.
2018-02-01
We study the profiles of the flux tube between a static quark and an antiquark in quenched SU(2) lattice gauge theory at temperatures around the deconfinement phase transition. The physical width of the flux tube and the string tension have been determined from the transverse profiles and the q\\bar{q} potential, respectively. Exploiting the computational power of a GPU accelerator in our flux tube investigation, we achieve much higher statistics through which we can increase the signal to noise ratio of our observables in the simulation. This has allowed the investigation of larger lattices as well as larger separations between the quarks than in our previous work. The improved accuracy gives us better results for the width and the string tension. The physical width of the flux tube increases with the temperature up to around T c while keeping its increasing dependence on the q\\bar{q} separation. The string tension results are compared for two different sizes of the lattice. As the lattice becomes larger and finer together with the improved precision, the temperature dependent string tension tends to have a smaller value than the previous one.
Finite temperature study of the axial U(1) symmetry on the lattice with overlap fermion formulation
Cossu, Guido; Aoki, Sinya; Fukaya, Hidenori; Hashimoto, Shoji; Kaneko, Takashi; Matsufuru, Hideo; Noaki, Jun-Ichi
2013-06-01
We examine the axial U(1) symmetry near and above the finite-temperature phase transition in two-flavor QCD using lattice QCD simulations. Although the axial U(1) symmetry is always violated by quantization, i.e., the chiral anomaly, the correlation functions may manifest effective restoration of the symmetry in the high-temperature phase. We explicitly study this possibility by calculating the meson correlators as well as the Dirac operator spectral density near the critical point. Our numerical simulations are performed on a 163×8 lattice with two flavors of dynamical quarks represented by the overlap fermion formalism. Chiral symmetry and its violation due to the axial anomaly is manifestly realized with this formulation, which is a prerequisite for the study of the effective restoration of the axial U(1) symmetry. In order to avoid discontinuity in the gauge configuration space, which occurs for the exactly chiral lattice fermions, the simulation is confined in a fixed topological sector. It induces a finite-volume effect, which is well described by a formula based on the Fourier transform from the θ vacua. We confirm this formula at finite temperature by calculating the topological susceptibility in the quenched theory. Our two-flavor simulations show degeneracy of the meson correlators and a gap in the Dirac operator spectral density, which implies that the axial U(1) symmetry is effectively restored in the chirally symmetric phase.
LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP OF 46 PATIENTS WITH ANTI-(U1)SNRNP ANTIBODIES
VANDENHOOGEN, F.H.J.; SPRONK, P.E.; Boerbooms, A.M.T.; Bootsma, H.; DEROOIJ, D.J.R.A.; Kallenberg, Cees; VANDEPUTTE, L.B.A.
1994-01-01
The records of 46 patients with anti-(U1)snRNP antibodies and a minimal period of follow-up after first clinical presentation of at least 5 yr were examined with emphasis on symptoms contributing to established criteria of SLE, systemic sclerosis (SSc), RA or dermato- or polymyositis (DM/PM). At
The 17 MeV anomaly in beryllium decays and U(1) portal to dark matter
Chen, Chian-Shu; Lin, Guey-Lin; Lin, Yen-Hsun; Xu, Fanrong
2017-11-01
The experiment of Krasznahorkay et al. observed the transition of a 8Be excited state to its ground state and accompanied by an emission of an e+e‑ pair with 17 MeV invariant mass. This 6.8σ anomaly can be fitted by a new light gauge boson. We consider the new particle as a U(1) gauge boson, Z‧, which plays as a portal linking dark sector and visible sector. In particular, we study the new U(1) gauge symmetry as a hidden or nonhidden group separately. The generic hidden U(1) model, referred to as dark Z model, is excluded by imposing various experimental constraints. On the other hand, a nonhidden Z‧ is allowed due to the additional interactions between Z‧ and Standard Model fermions. We also study the implication of the dark matter direct search on such a scenario. We found that the search for the DM-nucleon scattering cannot probe the parameter space that is allowed by 8Be-anomaly for the range of DM mass above 500 MeV. However, the DM-electron scattering for DM between 20 MeV and 50 MeV can test the underlying U(1) portal model using the future Si and Ge detectors with the 5e‑ threshold charges.
Sukeda, Masaki; Shimizu, Masato; Yamane, Jin; Ohnishi, Kouhei; Oshima, Syun-ichirou
2016-01-01
In Japan, the emergence of macrolide- and oxytetracycline-resistant strains of Nocardia seriolae has previously been reported. Here, we describe the draft genome sequence of N. seriolae strain U-1, isolated in 2011 from a diseased yellowtail in Kagoshima Prefecture. The draft genome does not have any genes responsible for macrolide and tetracycline resistance. PMID:26798107
C-reactive protein reacts with the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Du Clos, T.W. (VA Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM (USA))
1989-10-15
C-reactive protein (CRP) was found to produce a small, discrete, speckled fluorescence pattern in the nucleus of HEp-2 cells. Double staining with anti-RNP serum and CRP produced very similar staining patterns. By counterimmunoelectrophoresis CRP was bound to extractable nuclear antigens found in rabbit thymus extract. The reactive components of the extract were only partially sensitive to treatment with RNase. CRP immunoprecipitated the U1 RNA species from ({sup 32}P)labeled HeLa cells and the protein bands of the Sm/RNP complex from ({sup 35}S)-methionine-labeled HeLa cells. By blotting, CRP bound to several discrete bands in a calcium-dependent, PC-inhibitable manner. Two of the bands comigrated with the 70K protein band associated with the U1 snRNP, and its major breakdown product. Binding to these bands was inhibited by both EDTA and PC indicating that CRP binds these proteins through the PC-binding site. Binding to the 70K protein of the U1 snRNP was confirmed by reactivity with the recombinant 70K protein in a dot blot. These findings indicate the CRP binds to the U1-RNP snRNP particle. Considering the ability of CRP to inhibit antibody responses to its ligands and its ability to activate C and promote phagocytosis it is suggested that CRP may play a role in the regulation of autoantibody responses to nuclear Ag.
Right-handed neutrino dark matter in a U(1) extension of the Standard Model
Cox, Peter; Han, Chengcheng; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
2018-01-01
We consider minimal U(1) extensions of the Standard Model in which one of the right-handed neutrinos is charged under the new gauge symmetry and plays the role of dark matter. In particular, we perform a detailed phenomenological study for the case of a U(1)(B‑L)3 flavoured B‑L symmetry. If perturbativity is required up to high-scales, we find an upper bound on the dark matter mass of mχlesssim2 TeV, significantly stronger than that obtained in simplified models. Furthermore, if the U(1)(B‑L)3 breaking scalar has significant mixing with the SM Higgs, there are already strong constraints from direct detection. On the other hand, there remains significant viable parameter space in the case of small mixing, which may be probed in the future via LHC Z' searches and indirect detection. We also comment on more general anomaly-free symmetries consistent with a TeV-scale RH neutrino dark matter candidate, and show that if two heavy RH neutrinos for leptogenesis are also required, one is naturally led to a single-parameter class of U(1) symmetries.
Higgs phenomenology in the minimal S U (3 )L×U (1 )X model
Okada, Hiroshi; Okada, Nobuchika; Orikasa, Yuta; Yagyu, Kei
2016-07-01
We investigate the phenomenology of a model based on the S U (3 )c×S U (3 )L×U (1 )X gauge theory, the so-called 331 model. In particular, we focus on the Higgs sector of the model which is composed of three S U (3 )L triplet Higgs fields and is the minimal form for realizing a phenomenologically acceptable scenario. After the spontaneous symmetry breaking S U (3 )L×U (1 )X→S U (2 )L×U (1 )Y , our Higgs sector effectively becomes that with two S U (2 )L doublet scalar fields, in which the first- and the second-generation quarks couple to a different Higgs doublet from that which couples to the third-generation quarks. This structure causes the flavor-changing neutral current mediated by Higgs bosons at the tree level. By taking an alignment limit of the mass matrix for the C P -even Higgs bosons, which is naturally realized in the case with the breaking scale of S U (3 )L×U (1 )X much larger than that of S U (2 )L×U (1 )Y, we can avoid current constraints from flavor experiments such as the B0-B¯ 0 mixing even for the Higgs bosons masses that are O (100 ) GeV . In this allowed parameter space, we clarify that a characteristic deviation in quark Yukawa couplings of the Standard Model-like Higgs boson is predicted, which has a different pattern from that seen in two Higgs doublet models with a softly broken Z2 symmetry. We also find that the flavor-violating decay modes of the extra Higgs boson, e.g., H /A →t c and H±→t s , can be dominant, and they yield the important signature to distinguish our model from the two Higgs doublet models.
Kuno, Yoshihito; Sakane, Shinya; Kasamatsu, Kenichi; Ichinose, Ikuo; Matsui, Tetsuo
2016-01-01
In this paper, we study atomic quantum simulations of $(1+1)$-dimensional($(1+1)$D) U(1) gauge-Higgs models (GHMs) defined on a lattice. We explain how U(1) lattice GHMs appear from an extended Bose-Hubbard model (EBHM) describing ultra-cold atoms with a nearest neighbor repulsion in a 1D optical lattice. We first study a phase diagram of the 1D EBHM at low fillings by means of a quantum Monte-Carlo(MC) simulation. Next, we study the EBHM at large fillings and also GHMs by the MC simulations in the path-integral formalism and show that there are four phases, i.e., the Higgs phase(superfluid), the confinement phase (Mott insulator), and phases corresponding to the density wave and the supersolid. With the obtained phase diagrams, we investigate the relationship between the two models. Finally, we study real-time dynamic of an electric flux in the GHMs by the Gross-Pitaevskii equations and the truncated Wigner approximation.
Diphoton excess from hidden U(1 gauge symmetry with large kinetic mixing
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fuminobu Takahashi
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We show that the 750 GeV diphoton excess can be explained by introducing vector-like quarks and hidden fermions charged under a hidden U(1 gauge symmetry, which has a relatively large coupling constant as well as a significant kinetic mixing with U(1Y. With the large kinetic mixing, the standard model gauge couplings unify around 1017 GeV, suggesting the grand unified theory without too rapid proton decay. Our scenario predicts events with a photon and missing transverse momentum, and its cross section is related to that for the diphoton excess through the kinetic mixing. We also discuss other possible collider signatures and cosmology, including various ways to evade constraints on exotic stable charged particles. In some cases where the 750 GeV diphoton excess is due to diaxion decays, our scenario also predicts triphoton and tetraphoton signals.
First-order phase transition and tricritical point in multiband U (1 ) London superconductors
Sellin, Karl A. H.; Babaev, Egor
2016-02-01
The order of the superconducting phase transition is a classical problem. Single-component type-2 superconductors exhibit a continuous "inverted-X Y " phase transition, as was first demonstrated for U (1 ) lattice London superconductors by a celebrated duality mapping with subsequent backing by numerical simulations. Here we study this problem in multiband U (1 ) London superconductors and find evidence that by contrast the model has a tricritical point. The superconducting phase transition becomes first order when the Josephson length is sufficiently large compared to the magnetic field penetration length. We present evidence that the fluctuation-induced dipolar interaction between vortex loops makes the phase transition discontinuous. We discuss that this mechanism is also relevant for the phase transitions in multicomponent gauge theories with higher broken symmetry.
Update on Fermion Mass Models with an Anomalous Horizontal U(1) Symmetry
Chankowski, P H; Lavignac, S; Pokorski, Stefan
2005-01-01
We reconsider models of fermion masses and mixings based on a gauge anomalous horizontal U(1) symmetry. In the simplest model with a single flavon field and horizontal charges of the same sign for all Standard Model fields, only very few charge assignements are allowed when all experimental data, including neutrino oscillation data, is taken into account. We show that a precise description of the observed fermion masses and mixing angles can easily be obtained by generating sets of the order one parameters left unconstrained by the U(1) symmetry. The corresponding Yukawa matrices show several interesting features which may be important for flavour changing neutral currents and CP violation effects in supersymmetric models.
Constraining minimal anomaly free U(1) extensions of the Standard Model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ekstedt, Andreas; Enberg, Rikard; Ingelman, Gunnar; Löfgren, Johan; Mandal, Tanumoy [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University,Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden)
2016-11-10
We consider a class of minimal anomaly free U(1) extensions of the Standard Model with three generations of right-handed neutrinos and a complex scalar. Using electroweak precision constraints, new 13 TeV LHC data, and considering theoretical limitations such as perturbativity, we show that it is possible to constrain a wide class of models. By classifying these models with a single parameter, κ, we can put a model independent upper bound on the new U(1) gauge coupling g{sub z}. We find that the new dilepton data puts strong bounds on the parameters, especially in the mass region M{sub Z{sup ′}}≲3 TeV.
Slavnov and Gaudin-Korepin Formulas for Models without U(1) Symmetry: the Twisted XXX Chain
Belliard, Samuel; Pimenta, Rodrigo A.
2015-12-01
We consider the XXX spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain on the circle with an arbitrary twist. We characterize its spectral problem using the modified algebraic Bethe anstaz and study the scalar product between the Bethe vector and its dual. We obtain modified Slavnov and Gaudin-Korepin formulas for the model. Thus we provide a first example of such formulas for quantum integrable models without U(1) symmetry characterized by an inhomogenous Baxter T-Q equation.
Kinetic mixing of the photon with hidden U(1)s in string phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abel, S.A.; Khoze, V.V. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomenology; Goodsell, M.D. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies, Paris (France); Jaeckel, J. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomenology]|[Heidelberg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Ringwald, A. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2008-03-15
Embeddings of the standard model in type II string theory typically contain a variety of U(1) gauge factors arising from D-branes in the bulk. In general, there is no reason why only one of these - the one corresponding to weak hypercharge - should be massless. Observations require that standard model particles must be neutral (or have an extremely small charge) under additional massless U(1)s, i.e. the latter have to belong to a so called hidden sector. The exchange of heavy messengers, however, can lead to a kinetic mixing between the hypercharge and the hidden-sector U(1)s, that is testable with near future experiments. This provides a powerful probe of the hidden sectors and, as a consequence, of the string theory realisation itself. In the present paper, we show, using a variety of methods, how the kinetic mixing can be derived from the underlying type II string compactification, involving supersymmetric and nonsupersymmetric configurations of D-branes, both in large volumes and in warped backgrounds with fluxes. We first demonstrate by explicit example that kinetic mixing occurs in a completely supersymmetric set-up where we can use conformal field theory techniques. We then develop a supergravity approach which allows us to examine the phenomenon in more general backgrounds, where we find that kinetic mixing is natural in the context of flux compactifications. We discuss the phenomenological consequences for experiments at the low-energy frontier, searching for signatures of light, sub-electronvolt or even massless hidden-sector U(1) gauge bosons and minicharged particles. (orig.)
Evidence of effective axial U (1 ) symmetry restoration at high temperature QCD
Tomiya, A.; Cossu, G.; Aoki, S.; Fukaya, H.; Hashimoto, S.; Kaneko, T.; Noaki, J.; Jlqcd Collaboration
2017-08-01
We study the axial U (1 ) symmetry at a finite temperature in two-flavor lattice QCD. Employing the Möbius domain-wall fermions, we generate gauge configurations slightly above the critical temperature Tc with different lattice sizes L =2 - 4 fm . Our action allows frequent topology tunneling while keeping good chiral symmetry close enough to that of overlap fermions. This allows us to recover full chiral symmetry by an overlap/domain-wall reweighting. Above the phase transition, a strong suppression of the low-lying modes is observed in both overlap and domain-wall Dirac spectra. We, however, find a sizable violation of the Ginsparg-Wilson relation in the Möbius domain-wall Dirac eigenmodes, which dominates the signals of the axial U (1 ) symmetry breaking near the chiral limit. We also find that the use of the overlap fermion only in the valence sector is dangerous since it suffers from the artifacts due to partial quenching. Reweighting the Möbius domain-wall fermion determinant to that of the overlap fermion, we observe the axial U(1) breaking to vanish in the chiral limit, which is stable against the changes of the lattice volume and lattice spacing.
An atypical case of SPG56/CYP2U1-related spastic paraplegia presenting with delayed myelination.
Minase, Gaku; Miyatake, Satoko; Nabatame, Shin; Arai, Hiroshi; Koshimizu, Eriko; Mizuguchi, Takeshi; Nakashima, Mitsuko; Miyake, Noriko; Saitsu, Hirotomo; Miyamoto, Toshinobu; Sengoku, Kazuo; Matsumoto, Naomichi
2017-11-01
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a neurological disorder characterized by a progressive spasticity and muscle weakness of the lower limbs. It is divided into two subtypes, uncomplicated and complicated forms. Biallelic mutations in the cytochrome P450 2U1 gene (CYP2U1) are associated with spastic paraplegia type 56 (SPG56), manifesting both uncomplicated and complicated HSP. Accompanying clinical features include intellectual disability, dystonia, cerebellar ataxia, subclinical peripheral neuropathy, visual impairment, as well as abnormalities in brain magnetic resonance imaging. As a rare clinical feature, delayed myelination has previously been reported in only two patients with CYP2U1 mutations. Here, we report a patient with SPG56 with novel compound heterozygous mutations in CYP2U1 which were identified by whole exome sequencing. Our patient exhibited complex features together with delayed myelination, broadening the phenotypic spectrum of SPG56, and implying that CYP2U1 should be screened in HSP with delayed myelination.
Radiative symmetry breaking from flat potential in various U(1)' models
Hashimoto, Michio; Iso, Satoshi; Orikasa, Yuta
2014-03-01
We investigate a radiative electroweak gauge symmetry breaking scenario via the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism starting from a completely flat Higgs potential at the Planck scale ("flatland scenario"). In our previous paper, we showed that the flatland scenario is possible only when an inequality K <1 among the coefficients of the β functions is satisfied. In this paper, we calculate the number K in various models with an extra U(1) gauge sector in addition to the standard model particles. We also show the renormalization group behaviors of a couple of the models as examples.
Loop suppressed light fermion masses with U (1 )R gauge symmetry
Nomura, Takaaki; Okada, Hiroshi
2017-07-01
We propose a model with a two-Higgs doublet, where quark and charged-lepton masses in the first and second families are induced at one-loop level, and neutrino masses are induced at the two-loop level. In our model, we introduce an extra U (1 )R gauge symmetry that plays a crucial role in achieving desired terms in no conflict with anomaly cancellation. We show the mechanism to generate fermion masses, the resultant mass matrices, and Yukawa interactions in mass eigenstates, and we discuss several interesting phenomenologies such as the muon anomalous magnetic dipole moment and the dark matter candidate that arise from this model.
Z ', Higgses and heavy neutrinos in U(1)' models: from the LHC to the GUT scale
Accomando, Elena; Corianò, Claudio; Rose, Luigi Delle; Fiaschi, Juri; Marzo, Carlo; Moretti, Stefano
2016-07-01
We study a class of non-exotic minimal U(1)' extensions of the Standard Model, which includes all scenarios that are anomaly-free with the ordinary fermion content augmented by one Right-Handed neutrino per generation, wherein the new Abelian gauge group is spontaneously broken by the non-zero Vacuum Expectation Value of an additional Higgs singlet field, in turn providing mass to a Z ' state. By adopting the B - L example, whose results can be recast into those pertaining to the whole aforementioned class, and allowing for both scalar and gauge mixing, we first extract the surviving parameter space in presence of up-to-date theoretical and experimental constraints. Over the corresponding parameter configurations, we then delineate the high energy behaviour of such constructs in terms of their stability and perturbativity. Finally, we highlight key production and decay channels of the new states entering the spectra of this class of models, i.e., heavy neutrinos, a second Higgs state and the Z ', which are amenable to experimental investigation at the Large Hadron Collider. We therefore set the stage to establish a direct link between measurements obtainable at the Electro-Weak scale and the dynamics of the underlying model up to those where a Grand Unification Theory embedding a U(1)' can be realised.
Dirac's "magnetic monopoles" in pyrochlore ice U (1 ) spin liquids: Spectrum and classification
Chen, Gang
2017-11-01
We study the U (1 ) quantum spin liquid on the pyrochlore spin ice systems. For the non-Kramers doublets such as Pr3 + and Tb3 +, we point out that the inelastic neutron scattering result not only detects the low-energy gauge photon, but also contains the continuum of the "magnetic monopole" excitations. Unlike spinons, these "magnetic monopoles" are purely of quantum origin and have no classical analog. We further point out that the "magnetic monopole" experiences a background dual "π " flux due to the spin-1/2 nature of the local moment when the "monopole" hops on the dual diamond lattice. We then predict that the "monopole" continuum has an enhanced spectral periodicity with a folded Brillouin zone. This prediction can be examined among the existing data on non-Kramers doublet spin liquid candidate materials like Pr2TM2O7 and Tb2TM2O7 (with TM = transition metal). The application to the Kramers doublet systems and numerical simulation is further discussed. Finally, we present a general classification of distinct symmetry enriched U (1 ) quantum spin liquids based on the translation symmetry fractionalization patterns of "monopoles" and "spinons."
Hidden gauginos of an unbroken U(1): Cosmological constraints and phenomenological prospects
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ibarra, A. [Technische Univ. Muenchen, Garching (Germany). Physik-Department]|[Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Ringwald, A.; Weniger, C. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2008-09-15
We study supersymmetric scenarios where the dark matter is the gaugino of an unbroken hidden U(1) which interacts with the visible world only via a small kinetic mixing with the hypercharge. Strong constraints on the parameter space can be derived from avoiding overclosure of the Universe and from requiring successful Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and structure formation. We find that for typical values of the mixing parameter, scenarios with neutralino NLSP are excluded, while scenarios with slepton NLSP are allowed when the mixing parameter lies in the range {chi} {proportional_to}O(10{sup -13}-10{sup -10}). We also show that if the gravitino is the LSP and the hidden U(1) gaugino the NLSP, the bounds on the reheating temperature from long lived charged MSSM relics can be considerably relaxed and we comment on the signatures of these scenarios at future colliders. Finally, we discuss the case of an anomalously small mixing, {chi} <<10{sup -16}, where the neutralino becomes a decaying dark matter candidate, and derive constraints from gamma ray experiments. (orig.)
Bose–Einstein condensation of triplons with a weakly broken U(1) symmetry
Khudoyberdiev, Asliddin; Rakhimov, Abdulla; Schilling, Andreas
2017-11-01
The low-temperature properties of certain quantum magnets can be described in terms of a Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC) of magnetic quasiparticles (triplons). Some mean-field approaches (MFA) to describe these systems, based on the standard grand canonical ensemble, do not take the anomalous density into account and leads to an internal inconsistency, as it has been shown by Hohenberg and Martin, and may therefore produce unphysical results. Moreover, an explicit breaking of the U(1) symmetry as observed, for example, in TlCuCl3 makes the application of MFA more complicated. In the present work, we develop a self-consistent MFA approach, similar to the Hartree–Fock–Bogolyubov approximation in the notion of representative statistical ensembles, including the effect of a weakly broken U(1) symmetry. We apply our results on experimental data of the quantum magnet TlCuCl3 and show that magnetization curves and the energy dispersion can be well described within this approximation assuming that the BEC scenario is still valid. We predict that the shift of the critical temperature T c due to a finite exchange anisotropy is rather substantial even when the anisotropy parameter γ is small, e.g., {{Δ }}{T}{c}≈ 10 % of T c in H = 6 T and for γ ≈ 4 μ {eV}.
750 GeV resonance in the gauged U(1′-extended MSSM
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yun Jiang
2016-08-01
Full Text Available Recently the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC announced their observation of a potential 750 GeV di-photon resonance, after analyzing the s=13 TeV LHC data. This observation has significant implications for low-energy supersymmetry. Beyond the MSSM and the NMSSM, we study the MSSM-extensions with an extra U(1′ gauge symmetry. The anomaly cancellation and the spontaneous breaking of the non-decoupled U(1′ generally require introducing vector-like supermultiplets (both colored and color-neutral ones and singlet supermultiplets, respectively. We illustrate that the potential 750 GeV resonance (Y can be accommodated in various mechanisms, as a singlet-like scalar or pseudoscalar. Three benchmark scenarios are presented: (1 vector-like quarks (VLQ mediated pp→Y→γγ; (2 scalar VLQ mediated pp→Y→γγ; (3 heavy scalar (pseudo-scalar H/A associated production pp→H⁎/A⁎→YH/h. Additionally, we notice that the Z′-mediated vector boson fusion production and Z′-associated production pp→Yqq′, if yielding a signal rate of the observed level, might have been excluded by the searches for Z′ via Drell–Yan process at the LHC.
Reddy, A. S.; Czernik, A. J.; An, G.; Poovaiah, B. W.
1992-01-01
We cloned and sequenced a plant cDNA that encodes U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) 70K protein. The plant U1 snRNP 70K protein cDNA is not full length and lacks the coding region for 68 amino acids in the amino-terminal region as compared to human U1 snRNP 70K protein. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the plant U1 snRNP 70K protein with the amino acid sequence of animal and yeast U1 snRNP 70K protein showed a high degree of homology. The plant U1 snRNP 70K protein is more closely related to the human counter part than to the yeast 70K protein. The carboxy-terminal half is less well conserved but, like the vertebrate 70K proteins, is rich in charged amino acids. Northern analysis with the RNA isolated from different parts of the plant indicates that the snRNP 70K gene is expressed in all of the parts tested. Southern blotting of genomic DNA using the cDNA indicates that the U1 snRNP 70K protein is coded by a single gene.
Z'-portal right-handed neutrino dark matter in the minimal U(1 ) X extended Standard Model
Okada, Nobuchika; Okada, Satomi
2017-02-01
We consider a concise dark matter (DM) scenario in the context of a nonexotic U(1) extension of the Standard Model (SM), where a new U(1 ) X gauge symmetry is introduced along with three generations of right-handed neutrinos (RHNs) and a SM gauge singlet Higgs field. The model is a generalization of the minimal gauged U (1 )B -L (baryon number minus lepton number) extension of the SM, in which the extra U(1 ) X gauge symmetry is expressed as a linear combination of the SM U(1 ) Y and U (1 )B -L gauge symmetries. We introduce a Z2-parity and assign an odd-parity only for one RHN among all particles, so that this Z2-odd RHN plays the role of DM. The so-called minimal seesaw mechanism is implemented in this model with only two Z2-even RHNs. In this context, we investigate the physics of RHN DM, focusing on the case where this DM particle communicates with the SM particles through the U(1 ) X gauge boson (Z' boson). This "Z'-portal RHN DM" scenario is controlled by only three free parameters: the U(1 ) X gauge coupling (αX), the Z' boson mass (mZ'), and the U(1 ) X charge of the SM Higgs doublet (xH). We consider various phenomenological constraints to identify a phenomenologically viable parameter space. The most important constraints are the observed DM relic abundance and the latest LHC Run-2 results on the search for a narrow resonance with the dilepton final state. We find that these are complementary with each other and narrow the allowed parameter region, leading to the lower mass bound of mZ'≳2.7 TeV .
TG-43 U1 based dosimetric characterization of model 67-6520 Cs-137 brachytherapy source
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Meigooni, Ali S.; Wright, Clarissa; Koona, Rafiq A.; Awan, Shahid B.; Granero, Domingo; Perez-Calatayud, Jose; Ballester, Facundo [Department of Radiation Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, 300 Community Drive, Manhasset, New York 11030 and Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0084 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0084 (United States); Department of Radiation Physics, ERESA, Hospital General Universitario, Avenida Tres Cruces, 2, E-46014 Valencia (Spain); Department of Oncology, Physics Section, ' ' La Fe' ' University Hospital, Avenida Campanar 21, E-46009 Valencia (Spain); Department of Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, C/ Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Spain and Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (IFIC), C/ Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot (Spain)
2009-10-15
Purpose: Brachytherapy treatment has been a cornerstone for management of various cancer sites, particularly for the treatment of gynecological malignancies. In low dose rate brachytherapy treatments, {sup 137}Cs sources have been used for several decades. A new {sup 137}Cs source design has been introduced (model 67-6520, source B3-561) by Isotope Products Laboratories (IPL) for clinical application. The goal of the present work is to implement the TG-43 U1 protocol in the characterization of the aforementioned {sup 137}Cs source. Methods: The dosimetric characteristics of the IPL {sup 137}Cs source are measured using LiF thermoluminescent dosimeters in a Solid Water phantom material and calculated using Monte Carlo simulations with the GEANT4 code in Solid Water and liquid water. The dose rate constant, radial dose function, and two-dimensional anisotropy function of this source model were obtained following the TG-43 U1 recommendations. In addition, the primary and scatter dose separation (PSS) formalism that could be used in convolution/superposition methods to calculate dose distributions around brachytherapy sources in heterogeneous media was studied. Results: The measured and calculated dose rate constants of the IPL {sup 137}Cs source in Solid Water were found to be 0.930({+-}7.3%) and 0.928({+-}2.6%) cGy h{sup -1} U{sup -1}, respectively. The agreement between these two methods was within our experimental uncertainties. The Monte Carlo calculated value in liquid water of the dose rate constant was {Lambda}=0.948({+-}2.6%) cGy h{sup -1} U{sup -1}. Similarly, the agreement between measured and calculated radial dose functions and the anisotropy functions was found to be within {+-}5%. In addition, the tabulated data that are required to characterize the source using the PSS formalism were derived. Conclusions: In this article the complete dosimetry of the newly designed {sup 137}Cs IPL source following the AAPM TG-43 U1 dosimetric protocol and the PSS
Axion and neutrino physics in a U (1 )-enhanced supersymmetric model
Ahn, Y. H.
2017-07-01
Motivated by the flavored Peccei-Quinn symmetry for unifying the flavor physics and string theory, we construct an explicit model by introducing a U (1 ) symmetry such that the U (1 )X-[gravity]2 anomaly-free condition together with the standard model flavor structure demands additional sterile neutrinos as well as no axionic domain-wall problem. Such additional sterile neutrinos play the role of realizing baryogenesis via a new Affleck-Dine leptogenesis. We provide grounds for interpreting the U (1 )X symmetry as a fundamental symmetry of nature. The model will resolve rather recent but fast-growing issues in astroparticle physics, including leptonic mixings and C P violation in neutrino oscillation, high-energy neutrinos, QCD axions, and axion cooling of stars. The QCD axion decay constant, through its connection to the astrophysical constraints of stellar evolution and the SM fermion masses, is shown to be fixed at FA=1.30-0.54+0.66×1 09 GeV (consequently, its mass is ma=4.3 4-1.49+3.37 meV and the axion-photon coupling is |ga γ γ|=1.30-0.45+1.01×10-12 GeV-1 ). Interestingly enough, we show that neutrino oscillations at low energies could be connected to astronomical-scale baseline neutrino oscillations. The model predicts the nonobservational neutrinoless double beta (0 ν β β ) decay rate as well as a remarkable pattern between the leptonic Dirac C P phase (δC P) and the atmospheric mixing angle (θ23); e.g., δC P≃22 0 ° - 24 0 ° , 120°-140° for θ23=42.3 ° for normal mass ordering, and δC P≃28 3 ° , 250°, 100°, 70° for θ23=49.5 ° for the inverted one. We stress that future measurements on the θ23, 0 ν β β decay rate, the sum of active neutrino masses, the track-to-shower ratio of a cosmic neutrino, astrophysical constraints on axions, QCD axion mass, and the axion-photon coupling are of importance to test the model in the near future.
A New Fate of a Warped 5D FRW Model with a U(1) Scalar Gauge Field
Slagter, Reinoud Jan
2015-01-01
If we live on the weak brane with zero effective cosmological constant in a warped 5D bulk spacetime , gravitational waves and brane fluctuations can be generated by a part of the 5D Weyl tensor and carries information of the gravitational field outside the brane. We consider on a cylindrical symmetric warped FRW background the U(1) self-gravitating scalar-gauge field without bulk matter. It turns out that "branons" can be formed dynamically, due to the modified energy-momentum tensor components of the cosmic string. As a result, we find that the late-time behavior could be significant deviate from the standard evolution of the universe. The effect is triggered by the time-dependent warp factor, of the form $\\sqrt{ae^{\\tau t}+be^{-\\tau t}}$ and the modified brane equations, comparable with a dark energy effect. This is a brane-world mechanism, not present is standard 4D FRW, where the large disturbances are rapidly damped as the expansion proceed. Because gravity can propagate in the bulk, the cosmic string c...
Engineering assessment and certification of integrity of the 141-R1U1 tank system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graser, D.A. (Science Applications International Corp. (USA))
1990-09-01
This Engineering Assessment and Certification of Integrity of retention tank 141-R1U1 is in response to the requirements of 40 CFR 265.191 for an existing tank system that stores hazardous waste and does not have secondary containment. This technical assessment has been reviewed by an independent, qualified, California registered professional engineer, who has certified the tank system to be adequately designed and compatible with the stored waste so that it will not collapse rupture, or fail. This document will be kept on file at the facility. Onground retention tanks 141-R1O1 and 141-R1O2, which are also part of the 141-R1 retention tank system, do not have secondary containment; consequently, certification documentation for these tanks is not included in this assessment. A discussion of the onground tanks, however, is included in this report to provide a complete description of the 141-R1 retention tank system. 8 refs., 7 figs.
Spitzer DDT observations of the interstellar comet A/2017 U1
Trilling, David; Hora, Joe; Mommert, Michael; Carey, Sean; Lisse, Carey; Werner, Mike; Chesley, Steve; Emery, Josh; Fazio, Giovanni; Fernandez, Yan; Harris, Alan; Marengo, Massimo; Mueller, Migo; Roegge, Alissa; Smith, Howard; Smith, Nathan; Weaver, Hal
2017-11-01
We propose to observe the newly discovered interstellar comet A/2017 U1 to measure its diameter and albedo. Little is known about this object, which presumably formed in another planetary system. This is the only opportunity *ever* to determine the albedo of this object, which will help us understand how planetary system formation in other systems compares to what occurred in our Solar System. The proposed observations -- requiring 32.6 hours in late November -- are the last telescopic observations that will ever be made of this object. The return from these proposed observations would be tremendous -- characterizing the first ever known object from beyond our Solar System. Because the object is faint and fading, these observations must be made as soon as possible.
An Assessment of Hydrological Safety for the Yeosu Underground Oil Storage Caverns, U-1-1
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Kyung Su; Kim, Geon Young; Koh, Yong Kwon; Bae, Dae Seok; Park, Kyung Woo; Ji, Sung Hoon; Ryu, Ji Hun
2009-08-15
The objectives of this report are as follows: -Assessment of overall hydrological safety for the Yeosu underground oil storage caverns U-1-1 prior to the completion of the construction -Assessment of the efficiency of water curtain in the facility and establishment of the comprehensive countermeasures. This report has following contents: -Examination of the geological properties - geology and fracture distribution -Investigation of hydrological system - groundwater flow system and main water conductive feature - hydrochemical properties -Investigation of the safety of the facility - efficiency of the water curtain system - amount of inflow water to the caverns - suitability of the observation boreholes in the facility -Overall interpretation and assessment -Suggestion of the guideline for the operation problems.
Bandyopadhyay, Priyotosh
2017-09-01
We consider a U(1)' extended supersymmetric model with a right-handed neutrino superfield which can generate light neutrino mass by Type I seesaw mechanism. The lighter superpartner of the right-handed neutrino could be the scalar dark matter. These right-handed sneutrinos can come from the decay of {\\tilde{Z}}^' } , superpartner of the extra gauge boson Z '. Left-right handed sneutrino mixings affect their decays further, giving rise to displaced "lepton flavour violating" signatures. A wino-like chargino NLSP (next to lightest supersymmetric particle) creates even more interesting decay topology. We investigate such displaced multi-leptonic final states with "lepton flavour violation" from the supersymmetric cascade decays of third generation squarks at the LHC.
Anomalies, Anomalous U(1)'s and generalized Chern-Simons terms
Anastasopoulos, P; Dudas, E; Kiritsis, E
2006-01-01
A detailed analysis of anomalous U(1)'s and their effective couplings is performed both in field theory and string theory. It is motivated by the possible relevance of such couplings in particle physics, as well as a potential signal distinguishing string theory from other UV options. The most general anomaly related effective action is analyzed and parameterized. It contains Stuckelberg, axionic and Chern-Simons-like couplings. It is shown that such couplings are generically non-trivial in orientifold string vacua and are not in general fixed by anomalies. A similar analysis in quantum field theories provides similar couplings. The trilinear gauge boson couplings are also calculated and their phenomenological relevance is advocated. We do not find qualitative differences between string and field theory in this sector.
Neutrino and C P -even Higgs boson masses in a nonuniversal U (1 )' extension
Mantilla, S. F.; Martinez, R.; Ochoa, F.
2017-05-01
We propose a new anomaly-free and family nonuniversal U (1 )' extension of the standard model with the addition of two scalar singlets and a new scalar doublet. The quark sector is extended by adding three exotic quark singlets, while the lepton sector includes two exotic charged lepton singlets, three right-handed neutrinos, and three sterile Majorana leptons to obtain the fermionic mass spectrum of the standard model. The lepton sector also reproduces the elements of the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata (PMNS) matrix and the squared-mass differences data from neutrino oscillation experiments. Also, analytical relations of the PMNS matrix are derived via the inverse seesaw mechanism, and numerical predictions of the parameters in both normal and inverse order scheme for the mass of the phenomenological neutrinos are obtained. We employed a simple seesawlike method to obtain analytical mass eigenstates of the C P -even 3 ×3 mass matrix of the scalar sector.
Electromagnetic fluxes, monopoles, and the order of the 4d compact U(1) phase transition
Vettorazzo, M; Vettorazzo, Michele; Forcrand, Philippe de
2004-01-01
We consider the 4d compact U(1) gauge theory with extended action S=-beta sum_P cos theta_P -gamma sum_P cos 2 theta_P We give a full characterization of the phase diagram of this model using the notion of flux. The relation with the usual monopole picture is discussed. In analogy with the XY model we consider the helicity modulus \\cite{Jose:1977gm} for this theory, and show that it is an order parameter. Analyzing the finite-size effects of the helicity modulus we conclude that the transition is first-order. The value of this order parameter is related to the renormalized coupling beta_R. We measure beta^c_R at the transition point and give a counterexample to its conjectured universal value \\cite{Cardy:jg}.
'L=R' -- $U(1)_R$ Lepton Number at the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Frugiuele, Claudia [Fermilab; Gregoire, Thomas [Ottawa Carleton Inst. Phys.; Kumar, Piyush [Yale U.; Ponton, Eduardo [ISCAP, New York
2013-05-03
We perform a detailed study of a variety of LHC signals in supersymmetric models where lepton number is promoted to an (approximate) U(1)( )R( ) symmetry. Such a symmetry has interesting implications for naturalness, as well as flavor- and CP-violation, among others. Interestingly, it makes large sneutrino vacuum expectation values phenomenologically viable, so that a slepton doublet can play the role of the down-type Higgs. As a result, (some of) the leptons and neutrinos are incorporated into the chargino and neutralino sectors. This leads to characteristic decay patterns that can be experimentally tested at the LHC. The corresponding collider phenomenology is largely determined by the new approximately conserved quantum number, which is itself closely tied to the presence of “leptonic R-parity violation”. We find rather loose bounds on the first and second generation squarks, arising from a combination of suppressed production rates together with relatively small signal efficiencies of the current searches. Naturalness would indicate that such a framework should be discovered in the near future, perhaps through spectacular signals exhibiting the lepto-quark nature of the third generation squarks. The presence of fully visible decays, in addition to decay chains involving large missing energy (in the form of neutrinos) could give handles to access the details of the spectrum of new particles, if excesses over SM background were to be observed. The scale of neutrino masses is intimately tied to the source of U(1)( )R( ) breaking, thus opening a window into the R-breaking sector through neutrino physics. Further theoretical aspects of the model have been presented in the companion paper [1].
1I/2017 U1 (‘Oumuamua) is Hot: Imaging, Spectroscopy, and Search of Meteor Activity
Ye, Quan-Zhi; Zhang, Qicheng; Kelley, Michael S. P.; Brown, Peter G.
2017-12-01
1I/2017 U1 (‘Oumuamua), a recently discovered asteroid in a hyperbolic orbit, is likely the first macroscopic object of extrasolar origin identified in the solar system. Here, we present imaging and spectroscopic observations of ‘Oumuamua using the Palomar Hale Telescope as well as a search of meteor activity potentially linked to this object using the Canadian Meteor Orbit Radar. We find that ‘Oumuamua exhibits a moderate spectral gradient of 10 % +/- 6 % {(100{nm})}-1, a value significantly lower than that of outer solar system bodies, indicative of a formation and/or previous residence in a warmer environment. Imaging observation and spectral line analysis show no evidence that ‘Oumuamua is presently active. Negative meteor observation is as expected, since ejection driven by sublimation of commonly known cometary species such as CO requires an extreme ejection speed of ˜40 m s-1 at ˜100 au in order to reach the Earth. No obvious candidate stars are proposed as the point of origin for ‘Oumuamua. Given a mean free path of ˜109 ly in the solar neighborhood, ‘Oumuamua has likely spent a very long time in interstellar space before encountering the solar system.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rafal Goraczniak
2013-01-01
Full Text Available U1 Adaptor is a recently discovered oligonucleotide-based gene-silencing technology with a unique mechanism of action that targets nuclear pre-mRNA processing. U1 Adaptors have two distinct functional domains, both of which must be present on the same oligonucleotide to exert their gene-silencing function. Here, we present the first in vivo use of U1 Adaptors by targeting two different human genes implicated in melanomagenesis, B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2 and metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (GRM1, in a human melanoma cell xenograft mouse model system. Using a newly developed dendrimer delivery system, anti-BCL2 U1 Adaptors were very potent and suppressed tumor growth at doses as low as 34 µg/kg with twice weekly intravenous (iv administration. Anti-GRM1 U1 Adaptors suppressed tumor xenograft growth with similar potency. Mechanism of action was demonstrated by showing target gene suppression in tumors and by observing that negative control U1 Adaptors with just one functional domain show no tumor suppression activity. The anti-BCL2 and anti-GRM1 treatments were equally effective against cell lines harboring either wild-type or a mutant V600E B-RAF allele, the most common mutation in melanoma. Treatment of normal immune-competent mice (C57BL6 indicated no organ toxicity or immune stimulation. These proof-of-concept studies represent an in-depth (over 800 mice in ~108 treatment groups validation that U1 Adaptors are a highly potent gene-silencing therapeutic and open the way for their further development to treat other human diseases.
Entanglement entropy in (3+1)-d free U(1) gauge theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Soni, Ronak M.; Trivedi, Sandip P. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research,Colaba, Mumbai, 400005 (India)
2017-02-21
We consider the entanglement entropy for a free U(1) theory in 3+1 dimensions in the extended Hilbert space definition. By taking the continuum limit carefully we obtain a replica trick path integral which calculates this entanglement entropy. The path integral is gauge invariant, with a gauge fixing delta function accompanied by a Faddeev -Popov determinant. For a spherical region it follows that the result for the logarithmic term in the entanglement, which is universal, is given by the a anomaly coefficient. We also consider the extractable part of the entanglement, which corresponds to the number of Bell pairs which can be obtained from entanglement distillation or dilution. For a spherical region we show that the coefficient of the logarithmic term for the extractable part is different from the extended Hilbert space result. We argue that the two results will differ in general, and this difference is accounted for by a massless scalar living on the boundary of the region of interest.
Implications for Planetary System Formation from Interstellar Object 1I/2017 U1 (‘Oumuamua)
Trilling, David E.; Robinson, Tyler; Roegge, Alissa; Chandler, Colin Orion; Smith, Nathan; Loeffler, Mark; Trujillo, Chad; Navarro-Meza, Samuel; Glaspie, Lori M.
2017-12-01
The recently discovered minor body 1I/2017 U1 (‘Oumuamua) is the first known object in our solar system that is not bound by the Sun’s gravity. Its hyperbolic orbit (eccentricity greater than unity) strongly suggests that it originated outside our solar system; its red color is consistent with substantial space weathering experienced over a long interstellar journey. We carry out a simple calculation of the probability of detecting such an object. We find that the observed detection rate of 1I-like objects can be satisfied if the average mass of ejected material from nearby stars during the process of planetary formation is ∼20 Earth masses, similar to the expected value for our solar system. The current detection rate of such interstellar interlopers is estimated to be 0.2 yr‑1, and the expected number of detections over the past few years is almost exactly one. When the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope begins its wide, fast, deep all-sky survey, the detection rate will increase to 1 yr‑1. Those expected detections will provide further constraints on nearby planetary system formation through a better estimate of the number and properties of interstellar objects.
Nonuniversal anomaly-free U(1) model with three Higgs doublets and one singlet scalar field
Mantilla, S. F.; Martinez, R.
2017-11-01
The flavor problem, neutrino physics, and the fermion mass hierarchy are important motivations to extend the Standard Model to the TeV scale. A new family nonuniversal extension is presented with three Higgs doublets, one Higgs singlet, and one scalar dark matter candidate. Exotic fermions are included in order to cancel chiral anomalies and to allow family nonuniversal U(1 ) X charges. By implementing an additional Z2 symmetry, the Yukawa coupling terms are suited in such a way that the fermion mass hierarchy is obtained without fine-tuning. The neutrino sector includes Majorana fermions to implement the inverse seesaw mechanism. The effective mass matrix for Standard Model neutrinos is fitted to current neutrino oscillation data to check the consistency of the model with experimental evidence, obtaining that the normal-ordering scheme is preferred over the inverse ones, and the values of the neutrino Yukawa coupling constants are shown. Finally, the h →τ μ lepton-flavor-violation process is addressed with the rotation matrices of the C P -even scalars, left- and right-handed charged leptons, yielding definite regions where the model is consistent with CMS reports of BR (h →τ μ ).
LHC signals of the SO(5×U(1 gauge-Higgs unification
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shimotani Takuya
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We study the LHC signals of SO(5×U(1 gauge-Higgs unification as a beyond the standard model (SM. When the extra dimensional space is not simply-connected, dynamics of the Aharonov-Bohm (AB phase, θH, in the extra dimension can induce dynamical gauge symmetry breaking by the Hosotani mechanism. The Kaluza-Klein (KK mass spectra of γ, Z, ZR and Higgs self couplings obey universal relations with θH in the fifth dimension. In our model, three neutral gauge bosons, Z′ bosons, appear at TeV scale. Z′ bosons are the first KK modes ZR(1, Z(1, and γ(1. We analyze Z′ bosons through dilepton events at LHC. For θH = 0.114, the mass and decay width of ZR(1, Z(1, and γ(1 are (5.73, 482, (6.07, 342, and (6.08 TeV, 886 GeV, respectively. For θH = 0.073 their masses are 8.00 ∼ 8.61 TeV. An excess of events in the dilepton invariant mass should be observed in the Z′ search at the upgraded LHC at 14 TeV.
Dark matter in U(1) extensions of the MSSM with gauge kinetic mixing
Bélanger, Genevève; Da Silva, Jonathan; Tran, Hieu Minh
2017-06-01
The gauge kinetic mixing in general is allowed in models with multiple Abelian gauge groups. In this paper, we investigate the gauge kinetic mixing in the framework of U(1) extensions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (SM). It enlarges the viable parameter space, and has an important effect on the particle mass spectrum as well as the Z2 coupling with matters. The SM-like Higgs boson mass can be enhanced with a nonzero kinetic mixing parameter and the muon g -2 tension is slightly less severe than in the case of no mixing. We present the results from both benchmark analysis and global parameter scan. Various theoretical and phenomenological constraints have been considered. The recent LHC searches for the Z2-boson are important for the case of large positive kinetic mixing where the Z2 coupling is enhanced, and severely constrain scenarios with MZ 2right-handed sneutrino. Cosmological constraints from dark matter searches play a significant role in excluding the parameter space. Portions of the parameter space with relatively low sparticle mass spectrum can be successfully explored in the LHC run-2 as well as future linear colliders and dark matter searches.
Sterile neutrino portal to Dark Matter I: the U(1){sub B−L} case
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Escudero, Miguel; Rius, Nuria [Departamento de Física Teórica and IFIC, Universidad de Valencia-CSIC,C/ Catedrático José Beltrán, 2, E-46980 Paterna (Spain); Sanz, Verónica [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex,Falmer Campus, Brighton BN1 9QH (United Kingdom)
2017-02-08
In this paper we explore the possibility that the sterile neutrino and Dark Matter sectors in the Universe have a common origin. We study the consequences of this assumption in the simple case of coupling the dark sector to the Standard Model via a global U(1){sub B−L}, broken down spontaneously by a dark scalar. This dark scalar provides masses to the dark fermions and communicates with the Higgs via a Higgs portal coupling. We find an interesting interplay between Dark Matter annihilation to dark scalars — the CP-even that mixes with the Higgs and the CP-odd which becomes a Goldstone boson, the Majoron — and heavy neutrinos, as well as collider probes via the coupling to the Higgs. Moreover, Dark Matter annihilation into sterile neutrinos and its subsequent decay to gauge bosons and quarks, charged leptons or neutrinos lead to indirect detection signatures which are close to current bounds on the gamma ray flux from the galactic center and dwarf galaxies.
Gu, Jinbao
2017-12-01
Soil salinity is a significant threat to sustainable agricultural production worldwide. Plants must adjust their developmental and physiological processes to cope with salt stress. Although the capacity for adaptation ultimately depends on the genome, the exceptional versatility in gene regulation provided by the spliceosome-mediated alternative splicing (AS) is essential in these adaptive processes. However, the functions of the spliceosome in plant stress responses are poorly understood. Here, we report the in-depth characterization of a U1 spliceosomal protein, AtU1A, in controlling AS of pre-mRNAs under salt stress and salt stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. The atu1a mutant was hypersensitive to salt stress and accumulated more reactive oxygen species (ROS) than the wild-type under salt stress. RNA-seq analysis revealed that AtU1A regulates AS of many genes, presumably through modulating recognition of 5′ splice sites. We showed that AtU1A is associated with the pre-mRNA of the ROS detoxification-related gene ACO1 and is necessary for the regulation of ACO1 AS. ACO1 is important for salt tolerance because ectopic expression of ACO1 in the atu1a mutant can partially rescue its salt hypersensitive phenotype. Our findings highlight the critical role of AtU1A as a regulator of pre-mRNA processing and salt tolerance in plants.
A New Fate of a Warped 5D FLRW Model with a U(1) Scalar Gauge Field
Slagter, Reinoud Jan; Pan, Supriya
2016-09-01
If we live on the weak brane with zero effective cosmological constant in a warped 5D bulk spacetime, gravitational waves and brane fluctuations can be generated by a part of the 5D Weyl tensor and carries information of the gravitational field outside the brane. We consider on a cylindrical symmetric warped FLRW background a U(1) self-gravitating scalar field coupled to a gauge field without bulk matter. It turns out that brane fluctuations can be formed dynamically, due to the modified energy-momentum tensor components of the scalar-gauge field ("cosmic string"). As a result, we find that the late-time behavior could significantly deviate from the standard evolution of the universe. The effect is triggered by the time-dependent warpfactor with two branches of the form ± 1/√{τ r}√{(c_1e^{√{2τ } t}+c_2e^{-√{2τ } t})(c_3e^{√{2τ } r}+c_4e^{-√{2τ } r})} ( with τ , c_i constants) and the modified brane equations comparable with a dark energy effect. This is a brane-world mechanism, not present in standard 4D FLRW, where the large disturbances are rapidly damped as the expansion proceed. Because gravity can propagate in the bulk, the cosmic string can build up a huge angle deficit (or mass per unit length) by the warpfactor and can induce massive KK-modes felt on the brane. Disturbances in the spatial components of the stress-energy tensor cause cylindrical symmetric waves, amplified due to the presence of the bulk space and warpfactor. They could survive the natural damping due to the expansion of the universe. It turns out that one of the metric components becomes singular at the moment the warp factor develops an extremum. This behavior could have influence on the possibility of a transition from acceleration to deceleration or vice versa.
Cytochrome P450 2U1, a very peculiar member of the human P450s family.
Dhers, L; Ducassou, L; Boucher, J-L; Mansuy, D
2017-05-01
Cytochrome P450 2U1 (CYP2U1) exhibits several distinctive characteristics among the 57 human CYPs, such as its presence in almost all living organisms with a highly conserved sequence, its particular gene organization with only five exons, its major location in thymus and brain, and its protein sequence involving an unusually long N-terminal region containing 8 proline residues and an insert of about 20 amino acids containing 5 arginine residues after the transmembrane helix. Few substrates, including fatty acids, N-arachidonoylserotonin (AS), and some drugs, have been reported so far. However, its biological roles remain largely unknown, even though CYP2U1 mutations have been involved in some pathological situations, such as complicated forms of hereditary spastic paraplegia. These data together with its ability to hydroxylate some fatty acids and AS suggest its possible role in lipid metabolism.
Chiral U(1) flavor models and flavored Higgs doublets: the top FB asymmetry and the W jj
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ko, P.; Omura, Yuji; Yu, Chaehyun
2012-01-01
We present U(1) flavor models for leptophobic Z' with flavor dependent couplings to the right-handed up-type quarks in the Standard Model (SM), which can accommodate the recent data on the top forward-backward (FB) asymmetry and the dijet resonance associated with a W boson reported by CDF Collaboration. Such flavor-dependent leptophobic charge assignments generally require extra chiral fermions for anomaly cancellation. Also the chiral nature of U(1)' flavor symmetry calls for new U(1)'-charged Higgs doublets in order for the SM fermions to have realistic renormalizable Yukawa couplings. The stringent constraints from the top FB asymmetry at the Tevatron and the same sign top pair production at the LHC can be evaded due to contributions of the extra Higgs doublets. We also show that the extension could realize cold dark matter candidates.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Degen, F.
1987-07-01
For an SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs model they study the extreme wormhole solutions. They use an iterative method based on expansion in the radial distance N from the boundary of the hole. Here they present the nontrivial solutions of the first-order equations. They give useful information about existing extremal wormholes. Especially they note that although the zero-order solution which they use is abelian, this is not the case for all solutions of first-order equations. The method employed in solving these equations is to expand all first-order fields in the appropriate generalized harmonics. They find a nonabelian solution if the value of the Higgs scalar at the horizon is equal to the Planck mass and if the magnetic charge b and the electric charge e of the hole satisfy b = 1/e.
Explanation of the 17 MeV Atomki anomaly in a U(1)'-extended two Higgs doublet model
Delle Rose, Luigi; Khalil, Shaaban; Moretti, Stefano
2017-12-01
Motivated by an anomaly observed in the decay of an excited state of Beryllium (8Be) by the Atomki collaboration, we study an extension of the standard model with a gauged U(1)' symmetry in presence of a two Higgs doublet model structure of the Higgs sector. We show that this scenario complies with a variety of experimental results and is able to explain the potential presence of a resonant spin-1 gauge boson, Z',with a mass of 17 MeV in the Atomki experimental data, for appropriate choices of U(1)' charges and Yukawa interactions.
Silva, Duilio M Z A; Utsunomia, Ricardo; Pansonato-Alves, José C; Oliveira, Cláudio; Foresti, Fausto
2015-01-01
Astyanax is a genus of Characidae fishes currently composed of 155 valid species. Previous cytogenetic studies revealed high chromosomal diversification among them, and several studies have been performed using traditional cytogenetic techniques to investigate karyotypes and chromosomal locations of 18S and 5S rDNA genes. However, only a few studies are currently available about other repetitive sequences. Here, the chromosomal location of small nuclear RNA genes, identified as U1 and U2 snRNA clusters, was established and compared to the distribution of 5S rDNA and histone clusters in 5 Astyanax species (A. paranae, A. fasciatus, A. bockmanni, A. altiparanae, and A. jordani) using FISH. The cytogenetic mapping of U1 and U2 snRNA demonstrated a conserved pattern in the number of sites per genome independent of the location in Astyanax species. The location of the U1 snRNA gene was frequently associated with 5S rDNA sequences, indicating a possible interaction between the distinct repetitive DNA families. Finally, comparisons involving the location of U1 and U2 snRNA clusters in the chromosomes of Astyanax species revealed a very diverse pattern, suggesting that many rearrangements have occurred during the diversification process of this group. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Montes T, J.L.; Torres A, C.; Perusquia C, R. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)
1992-08-15
The objective of the report is the comparison of the radial distributions of burned in the core among the results of the simulation of the Laguna Verde Central U-1 reactor during the operation of the cycles 1 to 4 and the data of the operation with information provided by the fuel supplier. (Author)
Pairs of charged heavy fermions from an $SU(3)_{L}(-)U(1)_{N}$ model at $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders
Cieza-Montalvo, J E; 10.1103/PhysRevD.67.075022
2003-01-01
We investigate the production, backgrounds, and signatures of pairs of charged heavy fermions using the SU(3)/sub L/(-)U(1)/sub N/ electroweak model in e/sup +/e/sup -/ colliders (Next Linear Collider and CERN Linear Collider). We also analyze the indirect evidence for a boson Z'. (23 refs).
4D anomalous U(1)'s, their masses and their relation to 6D anomalies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anastasopoulos, Pascal [Department of Physics, University of Crete and FORTH, P.O.Box 2208, GR-710 03 Heraklion (Greece); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique Ecole Polytechnique, 91128, Palaiseau (France)]. E-mail: panasta@physics.uoc.gr
2003-08-01
In some four-dimensional orientifolds, U(1) gauge fields that are free of four-dimensional anomalies can still be massive. It is shown that this is due to mass-generating six-dimensional anomalies. Six-dimensional anomalies affect four-dimensional masses via decompactifications. (author)
Vacuum stability in U(1-prime extensions of the Standard Model with TeV scale right handed neutrinos
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Claudio Corianò
2014-11-01
Full Text Available We investigate a minimal U(1′ extension of the Standard Model with one extra complex scalar and generic gauge charge assignments. We use a type-I seesaw mechanism with three heavy right handed neutrinos to illustrate the constraints on the charges, on their mass and on the mixing angle of the two scalars, derived by requiring the vacuum stability of the scalar potential. We focus our study on a scenario which could be accessible at the LHC, by selecting a vacuum expectation value of the extra Higgs in the TeV range and determining the constraints that emerge in the parameter space. To illustrate the generality of the approach, specific gauge choices corresponding to U(1B−L, U(1R and U(1χ are separately analyzed. Our results are based on a modified expression of one of the β functions of the quartic couplings of the scalar potential compared to the previous literature. This is due to a change in the coefficient of the Yukawa term of the right handed neutrinos. Differently from previous analysis, we show that this coupling may destabilize the vacuum.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Espinosa P, G.; Estrada P, C.E. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, 09000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Nunez C, A.; Amador G, R. [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)
2001-07-01
The computer code ANESLI-1 developed by the CNSNS and UAM-I, has the main goal of making stability analysis of nuclear reactors of the BWR type, more specifically, the reactors of the U1 and U2 of the CNLV. However it can be used for another kind of applications. Its capacity of real time simulator, allows the prediction of operational transients, and conditions of dynamic steady states. ANESLI-1 was developed under a modular scheme, which allows to extend or/and to improve its scope. The lineal stability analysis predicts the instabilities produced by the wave density phenomenon. (Author)
Explaining B →K(*)ℓ+ℓ- anomaly by radiatively induced coupling in U (1 )μ -τ gauge symmetry
Ko, P.; Nomura, Takaaki; Okada, Hiroshi
2017-06-01
We propose a scenario to generate flavor violating Z' interactions at one-loop level by introducing U (1 )μ -τ gauge symmetry, extra vectorlike quark doublets Qa', and a singlet scalar χ . Both Qa' and χ are charged under U (1 )μ-τ and carry odd dark Z2 parity. Assuming that χ is the dark matter (DM) of the Universe and imposing various constraints from a dark matter search, flavor physics, and a collider search for Qa', one can show that radiative corrections to b →s Z'*→s l+l- involving Qa' and χ can induce Δ C9˜-1 , which can resolve the LHCb anomalies related with B →K(*)ℓ+ℓ-. Therefore, both DM and B physics anomalies can be accommodated in the model.
Diphoton decay for a 750 GeV scalar boson in a SU(6⊗U(1X model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S.F. Mantilla
2016-10-01
Full Text Available We propose a new SU(6⊗U(1X GUT model free from anomalies, with a 750 GeV scalar candidate which can decay into two photons, compatible with the recent diphoton signal reported by ATLAS and CMS collaborations. This model gives masses to all fermions and may explain the 750 GeV signal through one loop decays to γγ with charged vector and charged Higgs bosons, as well as up- and electron-like exotic particles that arise naturally from the condition of cancellation of anomalies of the SU(6⊗U(1X group. We obtain, for different width approximations, allowed mass regions from 900 GeV to 3 TeV for the exotic up-like quark, in agreement with ATLAS and CMS collaborations data.
Knight, Matthew M.; Protopapa, Silvia; Kelley, Michael S. P.; Farnham, Tony L.; Bauer, James M.; Bodewits, Dennis; Feaga, Lori M.; Sunshine, Jessica M.
2017-12-01
We observed the newly discovered hyperbolic minor planet 1I/‘Oumuamua (2017 U1) on 2017 October 30 with Lowell Observatory’s 4.3 m Discovery Channel Telescope. From these observations, we derived a partial lightcurve with a peak-to-trough amplitude of at least 1.2 mag. This lightcurve segment rules out rotation periods less than 3 hr and suggests that the period is at least 5 hr. On the assumption that the variability is due to a changing cross-section, the axial ratio is at least 3:1. We saw no evidence for a coma or tail in either individual images or in a stacked image having an equivalent exposure time of 9000 s.
Kawahara, Miho; Nemoto, Maki; Nakata, Toru; Kondo, Saya; Takahashi, Hajime; Kimura, Bon; Kuda, Takashi
2015-06-01
Six lactic acid bacteria strains (four Lactobacillus plantarum strains and one each of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and Pediococcus pentosaceus) have been isolated and shown to possess anti-oxidant activity. In this study, we determined their acid, bile, salt resistance, and adhesion activity on human enterocyte-like HT-29-Luc and Caco-2 cells. An isolate Lc. lactis S-SU2 showed highest bile resistance and adhesion activity compared to type strains. S-SU2 could ferment both 10% skimmed milk and soy milk while the type strain could not ferment soy milk. Soy milk fermented with S-SU2 showed an increased nitric oxide (NO) secretion in the mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells without bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of the fermented soy milk on Escherichia coli O111 LPS-induced NO secretion were higher than those of fresh soy milk. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was induced in mice fed either 5% (w/v) dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in drinking water or 50% soy milk in drinking water. Shortening of colon length, breaking of epithelial cells, lowering liver and thymus weights, and enlargement of spleen are some of the characteristics observed in the IBD, which were prevented by the use of soy milk fermented with Lc. lactis S-SU2. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Functional analysis of U1-70K interacting SR proteins in pre-mRNA splicing in Arabidopsis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
A.S.N. Reddy
2008-11-25
Proteins of a serine/arginine-rich (SR) family are part of the spliceosome and are implicated in both constitutive and alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs. With the funding from DOE we have been studying alternative of splicing of genes encoding serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins and the roles of SR proteins that interact with U1-70K in regulating basic and alternative splicing. Alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs of Arabidopsis serine/arginine-rich proteins and its regulation by hormones and stresses: We analyzed the splicing of all 19 Arabidopsis genes in different tissues, during different seedling stages and in response to various hormonal and stress treatments. Remarkably, about 90 different transcripts are produced from 15 SR genes, thereby increasing the transcriptome complexity of SR genes by about five fold. Using the RNA isolated from polysomes we have shown that most of the splice variants are recruited for translation. Alternative splicing of some SR genes is controlled in a developmental and tissue-specific manner (Palusa et al., 2007). Interestingly, among the various hormones and abiotic stresses tested, temperature stress (cold and heat) and ultraviolet light dramatically altered alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs of several SR genes whereas hormones altered the splicing of only two SR genes (Palusa et al., 2007). Localization and dynamics of a novel serine/arginine-rich protein that interacts with U1-70K: We analyzed the intranuclear movement of SR45 fused to GFP by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and fluorescence loss in photobleaching (FLIP). We demonstrate that the movement of GFP-SR45 is ATP-dependent. Interestingly, inhibition of transcription or phosphorylation slowed the mobility of GFP-SR45 (Ali et al., 2006). Our studies have revealed that the nuclear localization signals are located in arg/ser-rich domains (RS) 1 and 2, whereas the speckle targeting signals are exclusively present in RS2 (Ali et al., 2006). The regulation of
Liamsuwan, T.; Nikjoo, H.
2013-02-01
The paper presents a new Monte Carlo track structure code (KURBUC_carbon) for simulations of full-slowing-down carbon projectiles C0-C6+ of energies 1 keV u-1-10 MeV u-1 in water vapour. The code facilitates investigation of the spatial resolution effect for scoring track parameters under the Bragg peak of a carbon ion beam. Interactions of carbon projectiles and secondary electrons were followed interaction-by-interaction down to a 1 keV u-1 cutoff for primary ions and down to 10 eV for electrons. Electronic interactions and nuclear elastic scattering were taken into account, including charge exchange reactions and double electronic interactions for the carbon projectiles. The reliability of the code was tested for radial dose, range and W-value. The calculated results were compared with the published experimental data and other model calculations. The results obtained showed good agreement in most cases where comparisons could be made. Depth dose profiles for 1-10 MeV u-1 C6+ were used to form a spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) of 0.35 mm width in water. At all depths of the SOBP, the energy distributions of the carbon projectiles varied appreciably with the change in the scoring volume. The corresponding variation was nearly negligible for the track average linear energy transfer (LET), except at the distal end of the SOBP. By varying the scoring slab thickness from 1 to 100 µm, the maximum track average LET decreased by ˜30%. The Monte Carlo track structure simulation in the full-slowing-down mode is a powerful tool for investigation of the biophysical properties of radiation tracks under the Bragg peak and SOBP of a carbon ion beam. For estimation of radiation effectiveness under the Bragg peak the new Monte Carlo track structure code provides yet another accurate and effective dosimetry tool at a single cell level. This is because radiobiology within tissue elements can be understood better with dosimetry at cellular and subcellular level.
Liamsuwan, T; Nikjoo, H
2013-02-07
The paper presents a new Monte Carlo track structure code (KURBUC_carbon) for simulations of full-slowing-down carbon projectiles C(0)-C(6+) of energies 1 keV u(-1)-10 MeV u(-1) in water vapour. The code facilitates investigation of the spatial resolution effect for scoring track parameters under the Bragg peak of a carbon ion beam. Interactions of carbon projectiles and secondary electrons were followed interaction-by-interaction down to a 1 keV u(-1) cutoff for primary ions and down to 10 eV for electrons. Electronic interactions and nuclear elastic scattering were taken into account, including charge exchange reactions and double electronic interactions for the carbon projectiles. The reliability of the code was tested for radial dose, range and W-value. The calculated results were compared with the published experimental data and other model calculations. The results obtained showed good agreement in most cases where comparisons could be made. Depth dose profiles for 1-10 MeV u(-1) C(6+) were used to form a spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) of 0.35 mm width in water. At all depths of the SOBP, the energy distributions of the carbon projectiles varied appreciably with the change in the scoring volume. The corresponding variation was nearly negligible for the track average linear energy transfer (LET), except at the distal end of the SOBP. By varying the scoring slab thickness from 1 to 100 µm, the maximum track average LET decreased by ∼30%. The Monte Carlo track structure simulation in the full-slowing-down mode is a powerful tool for investigation of the biophysical properties of radiation tracks under the Bragg peak and SOBP of a carbon ion beam. For estimation of radiation effectiveness under the Bragg peak the new Monte Carlo track structure code provides yet another accurate and effective dosimetry tool at a single cell level. This is because radiobiology within tissue elements can be understood better with dosimetry at cellular and subcellular
Loop induced type-II seesaw model and GeV dark matter with U(1)B - L gauge symmetry
Nomura, Takaaki; Okada, Hiroshi
2017-11-01
We propose a model with U(1) B - L gauge symmetry and several new fermions in no conflict with anomaly cancellation where the neutrino masses are given by the vacuum expectation value of Higgs triplet induced at the one-loop level. The new fermions are odd under discrete Z2 symmetry and the lightest one becomes dark matter candidate. We find that the mass of dark matter is typically O (1)- O (10) GeV. Then relic density of the dark matter is discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Casarejos, E.; Pereira, J.; Benlliure, J. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Armbruster, P.; Enqvist, T.; Schmidt, K.H.; Taieb, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Bernas, M.; Mustapha, B.; Rejmund, F.; Stephan, C.; Tassan-Got, L. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, 91 -Orsay (France); Boudard, A.; Leray, S.; Volant, C.; Wlazlo, W. [CEA Saclay, Dept. d' Astrophysique, de Physique des Particules de Physique Nucleaire et de l' Instrumentation Associee(DAPNIA-SPhN), 91- Gif sur Yvette (France)
2008-07-01
Isotopic production cross sections and momentum distributions of more than 1400 residual nuclei produced in the collision of {sup 238}U(1 AGeV)+{sup 2}H have been measured. The experiment was performed at GSI where we could take profit of the inverse kinematics technique and the high-resolution magnetic spectrometer FRS to identify in atomic and mass numbers all the produced nuclei. The identification technique challenges for the case of {sup 238}U are reviewed. Some features of {sup 238}U residues are discussed, including the access to information of fission dynamics. (authors)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Eugen-Olsen, J; Hagemeister, J J; Hellung-Larsen, P
1997-01-01
The expression of U1, U2 and U5 snRNA gene variants has been studied under different physiological states of Tetrahymena. Variants of all three snRNA genes are expressed. Among the snRNAs detected is U1-3, a variant with 66 mutations compared to the normal U1 snRNA. Three of these mutations affec...... the 5' splice site recognition sequence. The U1-3 snRNA is present in a few hundred copies per cell. The expression of Tetrahymena snRNA genes is independent of the physiological state of the cell.......The expression of U1, U2 and U5 snRNA gene variants has been studied under different physiological states of Tetrahymena. Variants of all three snRNA genes are expressed. Among the snRNAs detected is U1-3, a variant with 66 mutations compared to the normal U1 snRNA. Three of these mutations affect...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen Muchun, E-mail: muchunc@uci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4575 (United States); Huang Jinrui, E-mail: jinruih@uci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4575 (United States)
2011-11-30
We extend the Minimum Supersymmetry Standard Model by a non-anomalous family (NAF) U(1){sub NAF}{sup Prime} gauge symmetry. All gauge anomalies are cancelled with no additional exotics other than the three right-handed neutrinos. The FI D-terms associated with the U(1){sub NAF}{sup Prime} symmetry lead to additional positive contributions to slepton squared masses. In a RG invariant way, this thus solves the tachyonic slepton mass problem in Anomaly Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking. In addition, the U(1){sub NAF}{sup Prime} symmetry naturally gives rise to the fermion mass hierarchy and mixing angles, and determines the mass spectrum of the sparticles.
String completion of an SU(3)c ⊗ SU(3)L ⊗ U(1)X electroweak model
Addazi, Andrea; Valle, J. W. F.; Vaquera-Araujo, C. A.
2016-08-01
The extended electroweak SU(3)c ⊗ SU(3)L ⊗ U(1)X symmetry framework ;explaining; the number of fermion families is revisited. While 331-based schemes can not easily be unified within the conventional field theory sense, we show how to do it within an approach based on D-branes and (un)oriented open strings, on Calabi-Yau singularities. We show how the theory can be UV-completed in a quiver setup, free of gauge and string anomalies. Lepton and baryon numbers are perturbatively conserved, so neutrinos are Dirac-type, and their lightness results from a novel TeV scale seesaw mechanism. Dynamical violation of baryon number by exotic instantons could induce neutron-antineutron oscillations, with proton decay and other dangerous R-parity violating processes strictly forbidden.
Anomalous Higgs Couplings in the SO(5) × U(1)B-L Gauge-Higgs Unification in Warped Spacetime
Hosotani, Y.; Sakamura, Y.
2007-11-01
The gauge couplings WWZ, WWWW, and WWZZ in the gauge-Higgs unification scenario in the Randall-Sundrum warped spacetime remain almost universal as in the standard model, but substantial deviation results for the Higgs couplings. In the SO(5) × U(1)_{B-L} model, the couplings WWH and ZZH are suppressed by a factor cos θ_{H} from the values in the standard model, while the bare couplings WWHH and ZZHH are suppressed by a factor 1 - (2/3) sin^2 θ_{H}. Here θ_{H} is the Yang-Mills AB phase (Wilson line phase) along the fifth dimension, which characterizes the electroweak symmetry breaking. The suppression can be used to test the gauge-Higgs unification scenario at LHC and ILC. It is also shown that the WWZ coupling in flat spacetime deviates from the standard model value at moderate values of θ_{H}, contradicting with the LEP2 data.
String completion of an SU(3c⊗SU(3L⊗U(1X electroweak model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrea Addazi
2016-08-01
Full Text Available The extended electroweak SU(3c⊗SU(3L⊗U(1X symmetry framework “explaining” the number of fermion families is revisited. While 331-based schemes can not easily be unified within the conventional field theory sense, we show how to do it within an approach based on D-branes and (unoriented open strings, on Calabi–Yau singularities. We show how the theory can be UV-completed in a quiver setup, free of gauge and string anomalies. Lepton and baryon numbers are perturbatively conserved, so neutrinos are Dirac-type, and their lightness results from a novel TeV scale seesaw mechanism. Dynamical violation of baryon number by exotic instantons could induce neutron–antineutron oscillations, with proton decay and other dangerous R-parity violating processes strictly forbidden.
Predictions for the neutrino parameters in the minimal gauged U(1)_{L_μ -L_τ } model
Asai, Kento; Hamaguchi, Koichi; Nagata, Natsumi
2017-11-01
We study the structure of the neutrino-mass matrix in the minimal gauged U(1)_{L_μ -L_τ } model, where three right-handed neutrinos are added to the Standard Model in order to obtain non-zero masses for the active neutrinos. Because of the U(1)_{L_μ -L_τ } gauge symmetry, the structure of both Dirac and Majorana mass terms of neutrinos is tightly restricted. In particular, the inverse of the neutrino-mass matrix has zeros in the (μ ,μ ) and (τ ,τ ) components, namely, this model offers a symmetric realization of the so-called two-zero-minor structure in the neutrino-mass matrix. Due to these constraints, all the CP phases - the Dirac CP phase δ and the Majorana CP phases α _2 and α _3 - as well as the mass eigenvalues of the light neutrinos m_i are uniquely determined as functions of the neutrino mixing angles θ _{12}, θ _{23}, and θ _{13}, and the squared mass differences Δ m_{21}^2 and Δ m_{31}^2. We find that this model predicts the Dirac CP phase δ to be δ ˜eq 1.59π -1.70π (1.54π -1.78π ), the sum of the neutrino masses to be \\sum im_i ˜eq 0.14-0.22 eV (0.12-0.40 eV), and the effective mass for the neutrinoless double-beta decay to be ˜eq 0.024-0.055 eV (0.017-0.12 eV) at 1σ (2σ ) level, which are totally consistent with the current experimental limits. These predictions can soon be tested in future neutrino experiments. Implications for leptogenesis are also discussed.
Gauged U(1Lμ−Lτ model in light of muon g−2 anomaly, neutrino mass and dark matter phenomenology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sudhanwa Patra
2017-04-01
Full Text Available Gauged U(1Lμ−Lτ model has been advocated for a long time in light of muon g−2 anomaly, which is a more than 3σ discrepancy between the experimental measurement and the standard model prediction. We augment this model with three right-handed neutrinos (Ne,Nμ,Nτ and a vector-like singlet fermion (χ to explain simultaneously the non-zero neutrino masses and dark matter content of the Universe, while satisfying the anomalous muon g−2 constraints. We find that the model suffers stringent constraints from the simultaneous explanation of neutrino trident production and muon g−2 anomaly. In a large region of the parameter space, where contribution to muon g−2 anomaly comes partially and yet not ruled out by neutrino trident production, the model can explain the positron excess, observed at PAMELA, Fermi-LAT and AMS-02 through dark matter annihilation, while satisfying the relic density and direct detection limits.
Ditching Tests of a 1/8-Scale Model of the Chance Vought XF6U-1 Airplane, TED No. NACA DE319
Fisher, Lloyd J., Jr.; McBride, Ellis E.
1953-01-01
Tests were made with a 1/8-scale dynamically similar model of the Chance Vought XF6U-1 airplane to study its behavior when ditched. The model was ditched in calm water at the Langley tank no. 2 monorail. Various landing attitudes, speeds, and conditions of damage were simulated. The behavior of the model was determined from visual observations, by recording time histories of the accelerations, and by taking motion pictures of the ditchings. From the results of the tests it was concluded that the airplane should be ditched at the near-stall, tail-down attitude (12 deg). The flaps should be fully extended to obtain the lowest possible landing speed. The wing-tip tanks should be jettisoned. The underside of the fuselage will be critically damaged in a ditching and the airplane will dive violently after a run of about three fuselage lengths. Maximum longitudinal decelerations up to about 7g and maximum vertical accelerations up to about 5g will be encountered.
Probing U(1) extensions of the MSSM at the LHC Run I and in dark matter searches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bélanger, G. [LAPTH, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, B.P.110, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex (France); Silva, J. Da [Consortium for Fundamental Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy,The University of Manchester,Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Laa, University [LAPTH, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, B.P.110, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex (France); Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Université Grenoble-Alpes, CNRS/IN2P3,53 Avenue des Martyrs, 38026 Grenoble (France); Pukhov, A. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP MSU), Lomonosov Moscow State University,1(2) Leninskie gory, GSP-1, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
2015-09-22
The U(1) extended supersymmetric standard model (UMSSM) can accommodate a Higgs boson at 125 GeV without relying on large corrections from the top/stop sector. After imposing LHC results on the Higgs sector, on B-physics and on new particle searches as well as dark matter constraints, we show that this model offers two viable dark matter candidates, the right-handed (RH) sneutrino or the neutralino. Limits on supersymmetric partners from LHC simplified model searches are imposed using SMODELS and allow for light squarks and gluinos. Moreover the upper limit on the relic abundance often favours scenarios with long-lived particles. Searches for a Z{sup ′} at the LHC remain the most unambiguous probes of this model. Interestingly, the D-term contributions to the sfermion masses allow to explain the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon in specific corners of the parameter space with light smuons or left-handed (LH) sneutrinos. We finally emphasize the interplay between direct searches for dark matter and LHC simplified model searches.
Neutrino mixing and R{sub K} anomaly in U(1){sub X} models: a bottom-up approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bhatia, Disha; Chakraborty, Sabyasachi; Dighe, Amol [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research,Mumbai 400005 (India)
2017-03-22
We identify a class of U(1){sub X} models which can explain the R{sub K} anomaly and the neutrino mixing pattern, by using a bottom-up approach. The different X-charges of lepton generations account for the lepton universality violation required to explain R{sub K}. In addition to the three right-handed neutrinos needed for the Type-I seesaw mechanism, these minimal models only introduce an additional doublet Higgs and a singlet scalar. While the former helps in reproducing the quark mixing structure, the latter gives masses to neutrinos and the new gauge boson Z{sup ′}. Our bottom-up approach determines the X-charges of all particles using theoretical consistency and experimental constraints. We find the parameter space allowed by the constraints from neutral meson mixing, rare b→s decays and direct collider searches for Z{sup ′}. Such a Z{sup ′} may be observable at the ongoing run of the Large Hadron Collider with a few hundred fb{sup −1} of integrated luminosity.
A{sub 4}×U(1){sub PQ} model for the lepton flavor structure and the strong CP problem
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nomura, Takaaki [School of Physics, KIAS, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Shimizu, Yusuke [School of Physics, KIAS, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8526 (Japan); Yamada, Toshifumi [School of Physics, KIAS, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)
2016-06-21
We present a model with A{sub 4}×U(1){sub PQ} lepton flavor symmetry which explains the origin of the lepton flavor structure and also solves the strong CP problem. Standard model gauge singlet fields, so-called “flavons”, charged under the A{sub 4}×U(1){sub PQ} symmetry are introduced and are coupled with the lepton and the Higgs sectors. The flavon vacuum expectation values (VEVs) trigger spontaneous breaking of the A{sub 4}×U(1){sub PQ} symmetry. The breaking pattern of the A{sub 4} accounts for the tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing and the deviation from it due to the non-zero θ{sub 13} angle, and the breaking of the U(1){sub PQ} gives rise to a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson, axion, whose VEV cancels the QCD θ term. We investigate the breaking of the A{sub 4}×U(1){sub PQ} symmetry through an analysis on the scalar potential and further discuss the properties of the axion in the model, including its decay constant, mass and coupling with photons. It is shown that the axion decay constant is related with the right-handed neutrino mass through the flavon VEVs. Experimental constraints on the axion and their implications are also studied.
Hati, Chandan; Patra, Sudhanwa; Reig, Mario; Valle, José W. F.; Vaquera-Araujo, C. A.
2017-07-01
We consider the possibility of gauge coupling unification within the simplest realizations of the SU (3 )c×SU (3 )L×SU (3 )R×U (1 )X gauge theory. We present a first exploration of the renormalization group equations governing the "bottom-up" evolution of the gauge couplings in a generic model with free normalization for the generators. Interestingly, we find that for a SU (3 )c×SU (3 )L×SU (3 )R×U (1 )X symmetry breaking scale MX as low as a few TeV one can achieve unification in the presence of leptonic octets. We briefly comment on possible grand unified theory frameworks which can embed the SU (3 )c×SU (3 )L×SU (3 )R×U (1 )X model as well as possible implications, such as lepton flavor violating physics at the LHC.
Cirilo-Lombardo, D. J.; Gershun, V. D.
2014-09-01
The WZNW and string models are considered in terms of the initial and invariant chiral currents assuming that the internal and external torsions coincide (anticoincide) and they are the structure constants of the SU(n), SO(n), SP(n) Lie algebras. These models are the auxiliary problems in order to construct integrable equations of hydrodynamic type. It was shown that the WZNW and string models in terms of invariant chiral currents are integrable for the constant torsion associated with the structure constants of the SU(2), SO(3), SP(2) and SU(3) algebras only. The equation of motion for the density of the first Casimir operator was obtained in the form of the inviscid Burgers equation. The solution of this equation is presented through the Lambert function. Also, a new equation of motion for the initial chiral current was found. The integrable infinite hydrodynamic chains obtained from the WZNW and string models are given in terms of invariant chiral currents with the SU(2), SO(3), SP(2) and with SU(∞), SO(∞), SP(∞) constant torsions. Also, the equations of motion for the density of any Casimir operator and new infinite-dimensional equations of hydrodynamic type for the initial chiral currents through the symmetric structure constant of SU(∞), SO(∞), SP(∞) algebras are obtained.
Li, Yao-Dong; Lu, Yuan-Ming; Chen, Gang
2017-08-01
Motivated by the recent progress in the spin-orbit-coupled triangular lattice spin liquid candidate YbMgGaO4, we carry out a systematic projective symmetry group analysis and mean-field study of candidate U (1 ) spin-liquid ground states. Due to the spin-orbital entanglement of the Yb moments, the space-group symmetry operation transforms both the position and the orientation of the local moments, and hence it brings different features for the projective realization of the lattice symmetries from the cases with spin-only moments. Among the eight U (1 ) spin liquids that we find with the fermionic parton construction, only one spin-liquid state, which was proposed and analyzed by Yao Shen et al. [Nature (London) 540, 559 (2016), 10.1038/nature20614] and labeled as U1A00 in the present work, stands out and gives a large spinon Fermi surface and provides a consistent explanation for the spectroscopic results in YbMgGaO4. Further connection of this spinon Fermi surface U (1 ) spin liquid with YbMgGaO4 and the future directions are discussed. Finally, our results may apply to other spin-orbit-coupled triangular lattice spin-liquid candidates, and more broadly, our general approach can be well extended to spin-orbit-coupled spin-liquid candidate materials.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Augusto Aguirre
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Objective: To compare the platelet concentration obtained after application of the protocol of plasma rich in growth factors - universal 1 (PRGF-U1 and the protocol of Anitua and Andia (PRP-A for obtaining platelet rich plasma. Material and Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional and comparative study was carried out with a simple random probabilistic sample consisting of 16 patients who attended the Periodontics service of the Unit of Second Specialization in Stomatology of the National University of Trujillo. Five blood samples were obtained from each patient, after applying a health questionnaire to rule out any disease or drug consumption, in order to obtain the baseline platelet concentration and that obtained after PRGF-U1 and PRP-A. To compare the platelet concentrations of the two protocols, Student’s t-test was used considering a significance level of p<0.05. RESULTS: The baseline platelet concentration was 371,250±68,203 platelets/μL, for PRGF-U1 it was 747,875±121,645 platelets/μL and for PRP-A it was 595,000±129,202 platelets/μL. A statistically significant difference (p<0.001 was found between both protocols. Conclusion: The PRGF-U1 protocol yielded a higher platelet concentration compared to the Anitúa and Andía protocol.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amador G, R.; Nunez C, A. [CNSNS, Dr. Barragan 779, 03020 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. E-mail: ragarcia@cnsns.gob.mx; Prieto G, A.; Espinosa P, G. [UAM-I, 09340 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)
2004-07-01
Presently work is described and the techniques are applied of the Fourier Transformation in Short Time, the Continuous Transformation of Wavelets and the Multi resolution Analysis for the analysis of the event of oscillations of power in the Nuclear Power station of Laguna Verde Unit 1 happened in January of 1995. In general, the wavelets techniques allows to carry out studies of the different signals generated by a nuclear plant in the plane Time-frequency, Time-scale as well as the decomposition of the signals. The results obtained study presently demonstrate that the frequency of the event of oscillations in the Nuclear Power station of Laguna Verde Unit 1 are approximately 0.52 Hz for the 3 analysis techniques, besides being observed the evolution of the frequency in function of the time. (Author)
The linked units of 5S rDNA and U1 snDNA of razor shells (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Pharidae).
Vierna, J; Jensen, K T; Martínez-Lage, A; González-Tizón, A M
2011-08-01
The linkage between 5S ribosomal DNA and other multigene families has been detected in many eukaryote lineages, but whether it provides any selective advantage remains unclear. In this work, we report the occurrence of linked units of 5S ribosomal DNA (5S rDNA) and U1 small nuclear DNA (U1 snDNA) in 10 razor shell species (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Pharidae) from four different genera. We obtained several clones containing partial or complete repeats of both multigene families in which both types of genes displayed the same orientation. We provide a comprehensive collection of razor shell 5S rDNA clones, both with linked and nonlinked organisation, and the first bivalve U1 snDNA sequences. We predicted the secondary structures and characterised the upstream and downstream conserved elements, including a region at -25 nucleotides from both 5S rDNA and U1 snDNA transcription start sites. The analysis of 5S rDNA showed that some nontranscribed spacers (NTSs) are more closely related to NTSs from other species (and genera) than to NTSs from the species they were retrieved from, suggesting birth-and-death evolution and ancestral polymorphism. Nucleotide conservation within the functional regions suggests the involvement of purifying selection, unequal crossing-overs and gene conversions. Taking into account this and other studies, we discuss the possible mechanisms by which both multigene families could have become linked in the Pharidae lineage. The reason why 5S rDNA is often found linked to other multigene families seems to be the result of stochastic processes within genomes in which its high copy number is determinant.
Pereira, J; Wlazlo, W; Benlliure, J; Casarejos, E; Armbruster, P; Bernas, M; Enqvist, T; Legrain, R; Leray, S; Rejmund, F; Mustapha, B; Schmidt, K.-H; Stéphan, C; Taïeb, J; Tassan-Got, L; Volant, C; Boudard, A; Czajkowski, S; 10.1103/PhysRevC.75.014602
2007-01-01
Fission fragments of 1A GeV 238U nuclei interacting with a deuterium target have been investigatedwith the Fragment Separator (FRS) at GSI (Darmstadt) by measuring their isotopicproduction cross-sections and recoil velocities. The results, along with those obtained recently forspallation-evaporation fragments, provide a comprehensive analysis of the spallation nuclear productionsin the reaction 238U(1A GeV)+d. Details about experiment performance, data reductionand results will be presented.
Adjoint SU(2) with four fermion interactions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rantaharju, Jarno; Drach, Vincent; Pica, Claudio
2016-01-01
Four fermion interactions appear in many models of Beyond Standard Model physics. In Technicolour and composite Higgs models Standard Model fermion masses can be generated by four fermion terms. They are also expected to modify the dynamics of the new strongly interacting sector. In particular in...
Wu, Xiang-Yao; Liu, Xiao-Jing; Li, Hong; Zhang, Si-Qi; Ma, Ji; Liu, Ji-Ping; Liang, Yu
2017-10-01
In this paper, we have proposed S U(2) non-Abelian electromagnetism gauge theory. In the theory, photon has self-interaction and interaction between them, which can explain photon entanglement phenomenon in quantum information. Otherwise, we find there are three kinds photons γ +, γ - and γ 0, they have electric charge + e γ , - e γ and 0, respectively, these prediction are accordance with some experiment results.
Higgs Phase in a Gauge U(1 Non-Linear CP1-Model. Two Species of BPS Vortices and Their Zero Modes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alberto Alonso-Izquierdo
2016-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, zero modes of fluctuation are dissected around the two species of BPS vortices existing in the critical Higgs phase, where the scalar and vector meson masses are equal, of a gauged U ( 1 nonlinear CP 1 -model. If 2 π n , n ∈ Z , is the quantized magnetic flux of the two species of BPS vortex solutions, 2 n linearly-independent vortex zero modes for each species are found and described. The existence of two species of moduli spaces of dimension 2 n of these stringy topological defects is thus locally shown.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Khan Mehbub
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Based on baryon charge conservation and a generalized Yang-Mills symmetry for Abelian (and non-Abelian groups, we discuss a new baryonic gauge field and its linear potential for two point-like baryon charges. The force between two point-like baryons is repulsive, extremely weak and independent of distance. However, for two extended baryonic systems, we have a dominant linear force α r. Thus, only in the later stage of the cosmic evolution, when two baryonic galaxies are separated by an extremely large distance, the new repulsive baryonic force can overcome the gravitational attractive force. Such a model provides a gauge-field-theoretic understanding of the late-time accelerated cosmic expansion. The baryonic force can be tested by measuring the accelerated Wu-Doppler frequency shifts of supernovae at different distances.
On a Microscopic Representation of Space-Time V
Dahm, R.
2017-01-01
In previous parts of this publication series, starting from the Dirac algebra and SU*(4), the ’dual’ compact rank-3 group SU(4) and Lie theory, we have developed some arguments and the reasoning to use (real) projective and (line) Complex geometry directly. Here, we want to extend this approach further in terms of line and Complex geometry and give some analytical examples. As such, we start from quadratic Complexe which we’ve identified in parts III and IV already as yielding naturally the ’light cone’ x_12 + x_22 + x_32 - x_02 = 0 when being related to (homogeneous) point coordinates x_α ^2 and infinitesimal dynamics by tetrahedral Complexe (or line elements). This introduces naturally projective transformations by preserving anharmonic ratios. We summarize some old work of Plücker relating quadratic Complexe to optics and discuss briefly their relation to spherical (and Schrödinger-type) equations as well as an obvious interpretation based on homogeneous coordinates and relations to conics and second order surfaces. Discussing (linear) symplectic symmetry and line coordinates, the main purpose and thread within this paper, however, is the identification and discussion of special relativity as direct invariance properties of line/Complex coordinates as well as their relation to ’quantum field theory’ by complexification of point coordinates or Complexe. This can be established by the Lie mapping1 which relates lines/Complexe to sphere geometry so that SU(2), SU(2)×U(1), SU(2)×SU(2) and the Dirac spinor description emerge without additional assumptions. We give a short outlook in that quadratic Complexe are related to dynamics e.g. power expressions in terms of six-vector products of Complexe, and action principles may be applied. (Quadratic) products like {Fμ ν }{Fμ ν }{{ or }}{Fα {{ }μ ν }}Fμ ν ^α ,1 ≤ α ≤ 3 are natural quadratic Complex expressions which may be extended by line constraints λk · ɛ = 0 with respect to an
Bertolami, O; Bertolami, O; Moniz, P V
1995-01-01
Retrieval of classical behaviour in quantum cosmology is usually discussed in the framework of {\\em midi}superspace models in the presence of scalar fields and the inhomogeneous modes corresponding either to gravitational or scalar fields. In this work, we propose an alternative model to study the decoherence of homogeneous and isotropic geometries where the scalar field is replaced by a massive vector field with a global internal symmetry. We study here the cases with U(1) and SO(3) global internal symmetries. The presence of a mass term breaks the conformal invariance and allows for the longitudinal modes of the spin-1 field to be present in the Wheeler-DeWitt equation. In the case of the U(1) global internal symmetry, we have only one single ``classical'' degree of freedom while in the case of the SO(3) global symmetry, we are led to consider a simple two-dimensional minisuperspace model. These minisuperspaces are shown to be equivalent to a set of coupled harmonic oscillators where the kinetic term of the...
Z{sup ′}, Higgses and heavy neutrinos in U(1){sup ′} models: from the LHC to the GUT scale
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Accomando, Elena [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Corianò, Claudio [STAG Research Centre and Mathematical Sciences, University of Southampton,Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento and INFN-Lecce, Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Rose, Luigi Delle; Fiaschi, Juri [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Marzo, Carlo [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento and INFN-Lecce, Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Moretti, Stefano [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)
2016-07-18
We study a class of non-exotic minimal U(1){sup ′} extensions of the Standard Model, which includes all scenarios that are anomaly-free with the ordinary fermion content augmented by one Right-Handed neutrino per generation, wherein the new Abelian gauge group is spontaneously broken by the non-zero Vacuum Expectation Value of an additional Higgs singlet field, in turn providing mass to a Z{sup ′} state. By adopting the B−L example, whose results can be recast into those pertaining to the whole aforementioned class, and allowing for both scalar and gauge mixing, we first extract the surviving parameter space in presence of up-to-date theoretical and experimental constraints. Over the corresponding parameter configurations, we then delineate the high energy behaviour of such constructs in terms of their stability and perturbativity. Finally, we highlight key production and decay channels of the new states entering the spectra of this class of models, i.e., heavy neutrinos, a second Higgs state and the Z{sup ′}, which are amenable to experimental investigation at the Large Hadron Collider. We therefore set the stage to establish a direct link between measurements obtainable at the Electro-Weak scale and the dynamics of the underlying model up to those where a Grand Unification Theory embedding a U(1){sup ′} can be realised.
Chiou, Ni-ting; Shankarling, Ganesh; Lynch, Kristen W.
2013-01-01
Pre-mRNA splicing is catalyzed through the activity of the spliceosome, a dynamic enzymatic complex. Forcing aberrant interactions within the spliceosome can reduce splicing efficiency and alter splice site choice; however, it is unknown whether such alterations are naturally exploited mechanisms of splicing regulation. Here we demonstrate that hnRNP L represses CD45 exon 4 by recruiting hnRNP A1 to a sequence upstream of the 5’ splice site. Together, hnRNP L and A1 induce extended contacts between the 5’ splice site-bound U1 snRNA and neighboring exonic sequences which, in turn, inhibit stable association of U6 snRNA and subsequent catalysis. Importantly, analysis of several exons regulated by hnRNP L shows a clear relationship between the potential for binding of hnRNP A1 and U1 snRNA, and the effect of hnRNP L on splicing. Together our results demonstrate conformational perturbations within the spliceosome are a naturally occurring and generalizable mechanism for controlling alternative splicing decisions. PMID:23394998
AUTHOR|(CDS)2075377; Onel, Yasar
2011-01-01
The three main parts of this thesis demonstrate our current understanding of certain physics but mostly go beyond our understanding and present novel approaches, both technically and physically. The first part concentrates on the scalar mesons and presents search methodology to enable a better understanding of their existence and structures. The second part discusses one step further on beyond the standard model physics searches. Emphasis is given to discriminating factors between the MSSM and the U(1)0 gauge extended models. The last part discusses a specific readout problem in calorimetry together with its solution and presents the digital hadron calorimetry, which will be an essential part of calorimeter systems of future colliders.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Safigholi, Habib; Faghihi, Reza; Jashni, Somaye Karimi; Meigooni, Ali S. [Faculty of Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fars, 73481-13111, Persepolis (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Research Center, Shiraz University, 71936-16548, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 71348-14336, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Radiation therapy, Comprehensive Cancer Center of Nevada, 3730 South Eastern Avenue, Las Vegas, Nevada 89169 (United States)
2012-04-15
Purpose: The goal of this study is to determine a method for Monte Carlo (MC) characterization of the miniature electronic brachytherapy x-ray sources (MEBXS) and to set dosimetric parameters according to TG-43U1 formalism. TG-43U1 parameters were used to get optimal designs of MEBXS. Parameters that affect the dose distribution such as anode shapes, target thickness, target angles, and electron beam source characteristics were evaluated. Optimized MEBXS designs were obtained and used to determine radial dose functions and 2D anisotropy functions in the electron energy range of 25-80 keV. Methods: Tungsten anode material was considered in two different geometries, hemispherical and conical-hemisphere. These configurations were analyzed by the 4C MC code with several different optimization techniques. The first optimization compared target thickness layers versus electron energy. These optimized thicknesses were compared with published results by Ihsan et al.[Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 264, 371-377 (2007)]. The second optimization evaluated electron source characteristics by changing the cathode shapes and electron energies. Electron sources studied included; (1) point sources, (2) uniform cylinders, and (3) nonuniform cylindrical shell geometries. The third optimization was used to assess the apex angle of the conical-hemisphere target. The goal of these optimizations was to produce 2D-dose anisotropy functions closer to unity. An overall optimized MEBXS was developed from this analysis. The results obtained from this model were compared to known characteristics of HDR {sup 125}I, LDR {sup 103}Pd, and Xoft Axxent electronic brachytherapy source (XAEBS) [Med. Phys. 33, 4020-4032 (2006)]. Results: The optimized anode thicknesses as a function of electron energy is fitted by the linear equation Y ({mu}m) = 0.0459X (keV)-0.7342. The optimized electron source geometry is obtained for a disk-shaped parallel beam (uniform cylinder) with 0.9 mm radius. The TG-43
Güngör, Özenç; Starkman, Glenn D.; Stora, Raymond
This work is dedicated to the memory of Raymond Stora (1930-2015). $SU(2)_L$ is the simplest spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) non-Abelian gauge theory: a complex scalar doublet $\\phi =\\frac{1}{\\sqrt{2}}\\begin{bmatrix}H+i\\pi_3 -\\pi_2 + i\\pi_1\\end{bmatrix}\\equiv \\frac{1}{\\sqrt{2}}\\tilde{H}e^{2i\\tilde{t}\\cdot\\tilde{\\vec{\\pi}}/}\\begin{bmatrix}1 0\\end{bmatrix}$ and a vector $\\vec{W}^\\mu$. In Landau gauge, $\\vec{W}^\\mu$ is transverse, $\\vec{\\tilde{\\pi}}$ are massless derivatively coupled Nambu-Goldstone bosons (NGB). A global shift symmetry enforces $m^{2}_{\\tilde{\\pi}}=0$. We observe that on-shell T-matrix elements of physical states ${\\vec W}^\\mu$,$\\phi$ are independent of global $SU(2)_{L}$ transformations, and that the associated global current is exactly conserved for amplitudes of physical states. We identify two towers of "1-soft-pion" global Ward-Takahashi Identities (WTI), which govern the $\\phi$-sector, and represent a new global symmetry which we call $SU(2)_L\\otimes$BRST, a symmetry not of the Lagran...
Huang, Y. W.; Pan, C. Y.; Hsiao, Y. Y.; Chao, T. C.; Lee, C. C.; Tung, C. J.
2015-08-01
Monte Carlo simulations are used to calculate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 300 MeV u-1 carbon-ion beams at different depths in a cylindrical water phantom of 10 cm radius and 30 cm long. RBE values for the induction of DNA double strand breaks (DSB), a biological endpoint closely related to cell inactivation, are estimated for monoenergetic and energy-modulated carbon ion beams. Individual contributions to the RBE from primary ions and secondary nuclear fragments are simulated separately. These simulations are based on a multi-scale modelling approach by first applying the FLUKA (version 2011.2.17) transport code to estimate the absorbed doses and fluence energy spectra, then using the MCDS (version 3.10A) damage code for DSB yields. The approach is efficient since it separates the non-stochastic dosimetry problem from the stochastic DNA damage problem. The MCDS code predicts the major trends of the DSB yields from detailed track structure simulations. It is found that, as depth is increasing, RBE values increase slowly from the entrance depth to the plateau region and change substantially in the Bragg peak region. RBE values reach their maxima at the distal edge of the Bragg peak. Beyond this edge, contributions to RBE are entirely from nuclear fragments. Maximum RBE values at the distal edges of the Bragg peak and the spread-out Bragg peak are, respectively, 3.0 and 2.8. The present approach has the flexibility to weight RBE contributions from different DSB classes, i.e. DSB0, DSB+ and DSB++.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Orum, H; Nielsen, Henrik; Engberg, J
1992-01-01
We report the sequences of the genes encoding the small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) U1 to U6 of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila. The genes of the individual snRNAs exist in two to six slightly different copies per haploid genome. Sequence analyses of the gene-flanking regions indicate that there ar......We report the sequences of the genes encoding the small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) U1 to U6 of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila. The genes of the individual snRNAs exist in two to six slightly different copies per haploid genome. Sequence analyses of the gene-flanking regions indicate...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Montes T, J.L.; Cortes C, C.C
1991-07-15
This work is to carry out a multicycle study for the Laguna Verde U-1 reactor with the FCS-II (1 - 20 cycles) and PRESTO (1 - 6 cycles) codes and to compare the obtained results against those reported by General Electric. (Author)
Lynn, Bryan W.; Starkman, Glenn D.
2017-09-01
The weak-scale U (1 )Y Abelian Higgs model (AHM) is the simplest spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) gauge theory: a scalar ϕ =1/√{2 }(H +i π )≡1/√{2 }H ˜ei π ˜/⟨H ⟩ and a vector Aμ. The extended AHM (E-AHM) adds certain heavy (MΦ2,Mψ2˜MHeavy2≫⟨H ⟩2˜mWeak2 ) spin S =0 scalars Φ and S =1/2 fermions ψ . In Lorenz gauge, ∂μAμ=0 , the SSB AHM (and E-AHM) has a global U (1 )Y conserved physical current, but no conserved charge. As shown by T. W. B. Kibble, the Goldstone theorem applies, so π ˜ is a massless derivatively coupled Nambu-Goldstone boson (NGB). Proof of all-loop-orders renormalizability and unitarity for the SSB case is tricky because the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST)-invariant Lagrangian is not U (1 )Y symmetric. Nevertheless, Slavnov-Taylor identities guarantee that on-shell T-matrix elements of physical states Aμ,ϕ , Φ , ψ (but not ghosts ω , η ¯ ) are independent of anomaly-free local U (1 )Y gauge transformations. We observe here that they are therefore also independent of the usual anomaly-free U (1 )Y global/rigid transformations. It follows that the associated global current, which is classically conserved only up to gauge-fixing terms, is exactly conserved for amplitudes of physical states in the AHM and E-AHM. We identify corresponding "undeformed" [i.e. with full global U (1 )Y symmetry] Ward-Takahashi identities (WTI). The proof of renormalizability and unitarity, which relies on BRST invariance, is undisturbed. In Lorenz gauge, two towers of "1-soft-pion" SSB global WTI govern the ϕ -sector, and represent a new global U (1 )Y⊗BRST symmetry not of the Lagrangian but of the physics. The first gives relations among off-shell Green's functions, yielding powerful constraints on the all-loop-orders ϕ -sector SSB E-AHM low-energy effective Lagrangian and an additional global shift symmetry for the NGB: π ˜→π ˜+⟨H ⟩θ . A second tower, governing on-shell T-matrix elements, replaces the old Adler
Extended Cellular Automata Models of Particles and Space-Time
Beedle, Michael
2005-04-01
Models of particles and space-time are explored through simulations and theoretical models that use Extended Cellular Automata models. The expanded Cellular Automata Models consist go beyond simple scalar binary cell-fields, into discrete multi-level group representations like S0(2), SU(2), SU(3), SPIN(3,1). The propagation and evolution of these expanded cellular automatas are then compared to quantum field theories based on the "harmonic paradigm" i.e. built by an infinite number of harmonic oscillators, and with gravitational models.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Marrero, E. [Laboratorio de Termodinamica y Fisicoquimica de Fluidos (www.thermo.ulpgc.es), Parque Cientifico-Tecnologico, Campus Universitario de Tafira, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35071 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain); Ortega, J. [Laboratorio de Termodinamica y Fisicoquimica de Fluidos (www.thermo.ulpgc.es), Parque Cientifico-Tecnologico, Campus Universitario de Tafira, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35071 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain)], E-mail: jortega@dip.ulpgc.es; Palomar, J. [Seccion de Ingenieria Quimica, Dpto. de Quimica-Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
2009-03-15
Summary: Excess enthalpies H{sub m}{sup E} and excess volumes V{sub m}{sup E} obtained at a temperature of 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure are presented for a set of 20 binary mixtures comprised of the first four propyl esters, C{sub u-1}H{sub 2u-1}COOC{sub 3}H{sub 7} (u = 1 to 4), and five {alpha},{omega}-dichloroalkanes, ClCH{sub 2}(CH{sub 2}){sub v-2}CH{sub 2}Cl (v = 2 to 6). All the mixtures are exothermic except for those corresponding to propyl methanoate with v {>=} 4. The V{sub m}{sup E} are positive in most mixtures except for those where v = 4, 5, 6, for V{sub m}{sup E}<0. There is a regular rise in H{sub m}{sup E} with v, while the increase in u produces a greater exothermicity in the mixing process, which becomes inverted for propyl butanoate. The variation in V{sub m}{sup E} with the chain length of the compounds of the mixtures studied is not regular since both the enthalpic and the volumetric effects are due to interactions of different nature, positive and negative. Interpretation of the behavior was assisted by applying the quantum-chemistry method COSMO-RS. This method describes qualitatively and quantitatively the contribution of the different types of interactions, electrostatic, van der Waals, and those due to the (Cl, Cl) bond in the dihalide, and the influence of the ester and dichloroalkane chains. This information was also useful to adequately modify the application of the UNIFAC group contribution model, proposing parameters for the Cl, Cl/carboxylate interaction that vary with the chain length of the compounds involved. With this modification, the results estimated by UNIFAC model can be considered good.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ortega, J. [Laboratorio de Termodinamica y Fisicoquimica de Fluidos, Parque Cientifico-Tecnologico, Campus Universitario de Tafira, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35071 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain)]. E-mail: jortega@dip.ulpgc.es; Marrero, E. [Laboratorio de Termodinamica y Fisicoquimica de Fluidos, Parque Cientifico-Tecnologico, Campus Universitario de Tafira, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35071 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain)
2007-05-15
The experimental data of excess molar enthalpies H{sub m}{sup E} and excess molar volumes V{sub m}{sup E} are presented for a set of 25 binary mixtures comprised of the first five methyl esters C{sub u-1}H{sub 2u-1}COOCH{sub 3} (u=1 to 5) and five {alpha},{omega}-dichloroalkanes, ClCH{sub 2}(CH{sub 2}){sub v-2}CH{sub 2}Cl (v=2 to 6), obtained at a temperature of 298.15K and atmospheric pressure. Except for the mixtures with u=1 and v=2 to 6, which are all endothermic and with u=5 and v=2 to 6, which are all exothermic, the others present net endo/exothermic effects and these mixing effects evolve quasiregularly, from endothermic to exothermic, depending on the dichloroalkane present. However, the V{sub m}{sup E} are positive in most mixtures except for those corresponding to u=4,5 and v=5,6, which present contraction effects. These results indicate a set of specific interactions with simultaneous effects for V{sub m}{sup E} of expansion/contraction and for exothermic/endothermic H{sub m}{sup E} for this set of mixtures. The change in V{sub m}{sup E} with the chain length of the compounds is irregular. To achieve a good application of the UNIFAC model using the version of Dang and Tassios, parameters of the ester (G)/dichloride (G') interaction were calculated again, making a distinction, during its application, dependent on the acid part of the ester u. Hence, interaction parameters are presented as a function of u, and of the dichloroalkane chain length v. The most appropriate general expression was of the type:a{sub G/G{sup '}}={phi}(u,v)={sigma}sub(i=0)sup(n)a{sub i-1}u{sup i-1}+{sigma}sub(i=0= )sup(n)b{sub i-1}v{sup i-1}and with this proposal good estimations of enthalpies were obtained with the UNIFAC model.
Holyst, M M; Hill, D L; Sharp, G C; Hoffman, R W
1994-11-01
Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is characterized by the presence of high titers of anti-U1-70kD autoantibodies which are the result of substantial B cell activation. The hprt gene encodes the constitutively expressed enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase which is active in the purine salvage pathway. Rapidly dividing cells randomly accumulate gene mutations, including mutations in the hprt gene. These mutations may be used to identify activated cells. If activated T cells play a role in the pathogenesis of MCTD, an increased frequency of mutations in the hprt gene might be expected among T cells isolated from such patients. To examine this hypothesis, we isolated and cloned T cells from 10 anti-U1-70kD-autoantibody-positive MCTD patients and determined the precursor frequencies of cells possessing mutations in hprt by comparing the frequency of cells grown in the presence and absence of the purine analogue 6-thioguanine. We found that the frequency of 6-thioguanine-resistant hprt-negative T cells was significantly increased among MCTD patients (mean 566/10(6); range 122-2,845/10(6)) versus age- and sex-matched controls (mean 42/10(6); range 21-78/10(6); p < 0.003). These results demonstrate that there is an increase in the measured mutant frequency of T cells from MCTD patients. Such T cells may play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease.
Wang, Xiaofei; Han, Haiyan; Lv, Zhihui; Lin, Zhiwei; Shang, Yongpeng; Xu, Tao; Wu, Yang; Zhang, Ying; Qu, Di
2017-12-15
PhoU, a conserved protein that has been proposed to coordinate phosphate import, is a negative regulator of drug tolerance in most bacteria. In Staphylococcus epidermidis, the role of PhoU in biofilm formation and drug tolerance has not yet been investigated. Two PhoU homologs in the genome of S. epidermidis have been identified by the presence of the conserved motif E(D)XXXD of PhoU. We separately constructed ΔphoU1 and ΔphoU2 mutants of S. epidermidis strain 1457. The ΔphoU2 mutant displayed growth retardation, a weakened biofilm formation capacity, a higher sensitivity to H2O2, and reduced tolerance to multiple antibiotics. However, deletion of phoU1 had no effect on those. We compared the transcriptome profiles of the ΔphoU2 and ΔphoU1 mutants with that of the parent strain. In the ΔphoU2 mutant, expression of genes related to inorganic phosphate uptake was significantly upregulated (pst operon) and the levels of intracellular inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) were increased. In the ΔphoU2 mutant, expression of enzymes in the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) was downregulated and less NADP (NADPH) was detected, consistent with the high sensitivity to H2O2 and the growth retardation of the ΔphoU2 mutant. The upregulated expression of ATP synthase was consistent with the high intracellular ATP content in the ΔphoU2 mutant, which may have been related to the lower drug tolerance of the ΔphoU2 mutant. This study demonstrates that PhoU2, but not PhoU1, in S. epidermidis regulates bacterial growth, biofilm formation, oxidative stress, and drug tolerance in association with alterations to inorganic phosphate metabolism, the pentose phosphate pathway, galactose metabolism, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) or citric cycle, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, and respiratory reactions.IMPORTANCE PhoU is widely conserved throughout the bacterial kingdom and plays an important role in response to stress and metabolic maintenance. In our study, two PhoU homologs were found
Allen Emerson, E.
In his landmark 1977 paper "The Temporal Logic of Programs", Amir Pnueli gave a fundamental recognition that the ideally nonterminating behavior of ongoing concurrent programs, such as operating systems and protocols, was a vital aspect of program reasoning. As classical approaches to program correctness were based on initial-state/final-state semantics for terminating programs, these approaches were inapplicable to programs where infinite behavior was the norm. To address this shortcoming, Pnueli suggested the use of temporal logic, a formalism for reasoning about change over time originally studied by philosophers, to meaningfully describe and reason about the infinite behavior of programs. This suggestion turned out to be remarkably fruitful. It struck a resonant chord within the formal verification community, and it has had an enormous impact on the development of the area. It matured into an extremely effective mathematical tool for specifying and verifying a vast class of synchronization and coordination problems common in concurrency. Pnueli thus caused a sea-change in the field of program verification, founding the time of reasoning about time, which has been the most successful period in formal methods yet.
New Geometric Framework for SU(2) Gauge Theory
Turakulov, Z Ya
1997-01-01
An explicit model of fiber bundle with local fibers being disinct copies of vector 3-space is introduced. They are endowed with frames which are used as local isotopic ones. The field local of isotopic frames is considered as gauge field itself while the form of gauge connections is derived from it. A covariant equation for the field of local frames is found. It is shown that Yang-Mills equation follows from it, but variety of solutions of the new equation is highly reduced in such that no ambiguities (Yang-Wu and vacuum ones) arise. It is shown that Lagrangian for the field gives non-zero trace for the stress-energy tensor and zero value for spin of the field of plane wave. Some new solutions for the fields of punctual source and spherical wave are found.
Isomonodromic deformations and SU 2-invariant instantons on S4
Manasliski, Richard Muñiz
2009-07-01
Anti-self-dual (ASD) solutions to the Yang-Mills equation (or instantons) over an anti-self-dual 4-manifold, which are invariant under an appropriate action of a three-dimensional Lie group, give rise, via twistor construction, to isomonodromic deformations of connections on CP having four simple singularities. As is well known, such deformations are governed by the sixth Painlevé equation P VI(α,β,γ,δ). We work out the particular case of the SU-action on S4, obtained from the irreducible representation on R5. In particular, we express the parameters (α,β,γ,δ) in terms of the instanton number. The present paper contains the proof of the result announced in [Richard Muñiz Manasliski, Painlevé VI equation from invariant instantons, in: Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum field theory, Contemp. Math., vol. 434, Amer. Math. Soc., Providence, RI, 2007, pp. 215-222].
Anomalous U(1), Dark Matter and Asymmetry
Moynihan, Michael W.
This dissertation uses ordinary least squares regression analysis to measure the impact of gasoline price changes on sprawl defined as land density of population, employment and light visible from space over multiple decades. Using census data compiled and normalized to 2000 boundaries in the Geolytics Neighborhood Change Database (NCDB) for the decennial census years 1970 through 2000 and energy price data published by the Energy Information Agency (EIA), it tests the effect of gasoline prices on eight population density-derived measures of sprawl for 72 Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas and 48 states. Using data contained in the Zipcode Business Patterns (ZPB) database maintained by the Census Bureau, it tests the impact of gasoline prices published by ACCRA on a variety of employment dispersion measures of sprawl for Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). And using a dataset created by Burchfield et al of light visible from space, it tests the effect of gasoline prices published by ACCRA on the Burchfield et al sprawl index for 275 MSAs. The regressions control for a variety of socioeconomic, demographic, legal and physical variables and use instrumental variables and other techniques to test for causal relationships. The dissertation finds robust evidence that gasoline price changes did influence sprawl at the 95% confidence level over the periods studied with higher prices leading to less marginal sprawl and lower prices leading to more marginal sprawl. In turn, it discusses ways that policymakers might intervene using this pathway to influence sprawl, notably through the imposition of gasoline taxes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maria J. Sampaio
2011-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper we review recent results on the preliminary applications of the new-found extended global SO(3 × SO(3 × U(1 symmetry of the Hubbard model on a bipartite lattice. Our results refer to the particular case of the bipartite square lattice. Specifically, we review a general description for such a model with nearest-neighbor transfer integral t and on-site repulsion U on a square lattice with N2a >> 1 sites consistent with its extended global symmetry. It refers to three types of elementary objects whose occupancy configurations generate the state representations of the model extended global symmetry. Such objects emerge from a suitable electron-rotated-electron unitary transformation. An application to the spin spectrum of the parent compound La2CuO4 is shortly reviewed.
Schwer, Beate; Shuman, Stewart
2015-06-01
Yhc1 and U1-C are essential subunits of the yeast and human U1 snRNP, respectively, that stabilize the duplex formed by U1 snRNA at the pre-mRNA 5' splice site (5'SS). Mutational analysis of Yhc1, guided by the human U1 snRNP crystal structure, highlighted the importance of Val20 and Ser19 at the RNA interface. Though benign on its own, V20A was lethal in the absence of branchpoint-binding complex subunit Mud2 and caused a severe growth defect in the absence of U1 subunit Nam8. S19A caused a severe defect with mud2▵. Essential DEAD-box ATPase Prp28 was bypassed by mutations of Yhc1 Val20 and Ser19, consistent with destabilization of U1•5'SS interaction. We extended the genetic analysis to SmD3, which interacts with U1-C/Yhc1 in U1 snRNP, and to SmB, its neighbor in the Sm ring. Whereas mutations of the interface of SmD3, SmB, and U1-C/Yhc1 with U1-70K/Snp1, or deletion of the interacting Snp1 N-terminal peptide, had no growth effect, they elicited synthetic defects in the absence of U1 subunit Mud1. Mutagenesis of the RNA-binding triad of SmD3 (Ser-Asn-Arg) and SmB (His-Asn-Arg) provided insights to built-in redundancies of the Sm ring, whereby no individual side-chain was essential, but simultaneous mutations of Asn or Arg residues in SmD3 and SmB were lethal. Asn-to-Ala mutations SmB and SmD3 caused synthetic defects in the absence of Mud1 or Mud2. All three RNA site mutations of SmD3 were lethal in cells lacking the U2 snRNP subunit Lea1. Benign C-terminal truncations of SmD3 were dead in the absence of Mud2 or Lea1 and barely viable in the absence of Nam8 or Mud1. In contrast, SMD3-E35A uniquely suppressed the temperature-sensitivity of lea1▵. © 2015 Schwer and Shuman; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press for the RNA Society.
WIMP dark matter as radiative neutrino mass messenger
Hirsch, Martin; Lineros Rodríguez, Roberto Alfredo; Morisi, Stefano; Palacio, Joaquim; Rojas Rojas, Nicolás; Valle, José W.F.
2013-01-01
The minimal seesaw extension of the Standard SU(3)(c)circle times SU(2)(L)circle times U(1)(Y) Model requires two electroweak singlet fermions in order to accommodate the neutrino oscillation parameters at tree level. Here we consider a next to minimal extension where light neutrino masses are generated radiatively by two electroweak fermions: one singlet and one triplet under SU(2)(L). These should be odd under a parity symmetry and their mixing gives rise to a stable weakly interactive mass...
... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000756.htm Time outs To use the sharing features on this ... children, 2 to 12 years old. Why Does Time out Work? When you put children in time ...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bødker, Mads; Gimpel, Gregory; Hedman, Jonas
2014-01-01
time-in and time-out use. Time-in technology use coincides and co-exists within the flow of ordinary life, while time-out use entails ‘taking time out’ of everyday life to accomplish a circumscribed task or engage reflectively in a particular experience. We apply a theoretically informed grounded...
Technology Teacher, 2004
2004-01-01
What do planet Earth, a swinging pendulum, a quartz crystal, and a Cesium atom have in common? They have all been used by humans to measure time. They represent humanity's progress through time in measuring time itself. But what is it, really, that humans set out to measure? Before time could be measured, somebody had to decide what to actually…
Lynn, Bryan W.; Starkman, Glenn D.
2017-09-01
In the S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R linear sigma model with partially conserved axial-vector currents, a tower of Ward-Takahashi identities (WTI) have long been known to give relations among 1-scalar-particle-irreducible (1 -ϕ -I ) Green's functions, and among I-scalar-particle-reducible (1 -ϕ -R ) transition-matrix (T-matrix) elements for external scalars [i.e. the Brout-Englert-Higgs (BEH) scalar H , and three pseudoscalars π →]. In this paper, we extend these WTI and the resulting relations to the S U (3 )C×S U (2 )L×U (1 )Y linear sigma model including the heaviest generation of Standard Model (SM) fermions—the ungauged (i.e. global) Standard Model SMtb τ ντ G —supplemented with the minimum necessary neutrino content—right-handed neutrinos and Yukawa-coupling-induced Dirac neutrino mass—to obtain the charge-parity (C P )-conserving νDSMtb τ ντ G , and extract powerful constraints on the effective Lagrangian: e.g. showing that they make separate tadpole renormalization unnecessary, and guarantee infrared finiteness. The crucial observation is that ultraviolet quadratic divergences (UVQD), and all other relevant operators, contribute only to mπ2, a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson (NGB) mass-squared, which appears in intermediate steps of calculations. A WTI between T-matrix elements (or, in this global theory equivalently the Goldstone theorem) then enforces mπ2=0 exactly for the true NGB in the spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) mode of the theory. The Goldstone theorem thus causes all relevant operator contributions, originating to all-loop-orders from virtual scalars H ,π → , quarks qLc;tRc;bRc and leptons lL;ντR;τR with (c =r , w , b ), to vanish identically. We show that our regularization-scheme-independent, WTI-driven results are unchanged by the addition of certain S U (3 )C×S U (2 )L×U (1 )Y heavy (MHeavy2≫|q2|,mWeak2 ) C P -conserving matter, such as originate in certain beyond the SM (BSM) models. The global axial-vector WTI
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Veraart, Almut; Winkel, Matthias
2010-01-01
The mathematical operation of time-changing continuous-time stochastic processes can be regarded as a standard method for building financial models. We briefly review the theory on time-changed stochastic processes and relate them to stochastic volatility models in finance. Popular models......, including time-changed Lévy processes, where the time-change process is given by a subordinator or an absolutely continuous time change, are presented. Finally, we discuss the potential and the limitations of using such processes for constructing multivariate financial models....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Morten
2017-01-01
This is a proposed special issue with six thematic articles by different contributors on 'urban times' edited by me.......This is a proposed special issue with six thematic articles by different contributors on 'urban times' edited by me....
Wachs, J E
1993-06-01
Managing time puts the occupational health nurse manager in control of health services and personal goals. Articulating those goals and appropriately delegating some of the outcomes needed to meet those goals should result in accomplishing the goals in less time. Strategies to control time expenditures on a daily basis include developing a "to do" list, avoiding procrastination, time wasters, and paper shuffling, creating an environment conducive to work, and rewarding self and staff for a job well done.
Necessary N-representability Constraints from Time-reversal Symmetry for Periodic Systems
Rubin, Nicholas C
2016-01-01
The variational calculation of the two-electron reduced density matrix (2-RDM) is extended to periodic molecular systems. If the 2-RDM theory is extended to the periodic case without consideration of time-reversal symmetry, however, it can yields energies that are significantly lower than the correct energies. We derive and implement linear constraints that enforce time-reversal symmetry on the 2-RDM without destroying its computationally favorable block-diagonal structure from translational invariance. Time-reversal symmetry is distinct from space-group or spin (SU(2)) symmetries which can be expressed by unitary transformations. The time-reversal symmetry constraints are demonstrated through calculations of the metallic hydrogen chain and the one-dimensional lithium hydride crystal.
Anomaly cancellation and gauge group of the standard model in NCG
Alvarez, Enrique; Martín, C P; Alvarez, Enrique
1995-01-01
It is well known that anomaly cancellation {\\it almost} determines the hypercharges in the standard model. A related (and somewhat more stronger) phenomenon takes place in Connes' NCG framework: unimodularity (a technical condition on elements of the algebra) is {\\it strictly} equivalent to anomaly cancellation (in the absence of right-handed neutrinos); and this in turn reduces the symmetry group of the theory to the standard SU(3)\\times SU(2) \\times U(1).
Stoilov, Todor, Ed.
2012-01-01
The time management is worthy goal of many human activities. It concerns variety problems related to goals definition, assessment of available resources, control of management policies, scheduling of decisions. This book is an attempt to illustrate the decision making process in time management for different success stories, which can be used as…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thomsen, Bodil Marie Stavning
2011-01-01
The article analyses some of artist Søren Lose's photographic installations in which time, history and narration is reflected in the creation of allegoric, spatial relations.......The article analyses some of artist Søren Lose's photographic installations in which time, history and narration is reflected in the creation of allegoric, spatial relations....
Frank, Adam
2012-01-01
From Stonehenge to beyond the Big Bang, an exhilarating scientific exploration of how we make time Time is the grandest conception of the universe that we humans have been able to imagine and its most intimate, the very frame of human life. In About Time, astrophysicist and award-winning writer Adam Frank tells the scientific story of this wonderful and tyrannical invention. A Palaeolithic farmer moved through the sun-fuelled day and star-steered night in a radically different way than the Elizabethan merchants who set their pace to the clocks newly installed in their town squares. Since th
Heavy Right-Handed Neutrino Dark Matter and PeV Neutrinos at IceCube
Bhupal Dev, P. S.; Kazanas, D.; Mohapatra, R. N.; Teplitz, V. L.; Zhang, Yongchao
2016-01-01
We discuss a simple non-supersymmetric model based on the electroweak gauge group SU(2) (sub L) times SU(2) prime times U(1) (Sub B-L) where the lightest of the right-handed neutrinos, which are part of the leptonic doublet of SU(2) prime, play the role of a long-lived unstable dark matter with mass in the multi-Peta-electronvolt range. We use a resonant s-channel annihilation to obtain the correct thermal relic density and relax the unitarity bound on dark matter mass. In this model, there exists a 3-body dark matter decay mode producing tau leptons and neutrinos, which could be the source for the Peta-electronvolt cascade events observed in the IceCube experiment. The model can be tested with more precise flavor information of the highest-energy neutrino events in future data.
... to be quiet and think about their behavior. Time out is an effective disciplinary technique that does not use physical punishment. Professionals report that NOT physically punishing children may help ...
Fidelman, Uri
The hemispheric paradigm verifies Kant's suggestion that time and space are our subjective modes of perceiving experience. Time and space are two modes of organizing the sensory input by the l- and right-hemispheric neural mechanisms, respectively. The neural structures of the l- and right-hemispheric mechanisms force our consciousness to perceive time as one-dimensional and propagating from the past towards the future, and space as a simultaneously perceived multidimensional structure. The introduction of temporal propagation from the future towards the past by Feynman and other physicists caused the transfer of the concept time from the l hemisphere (which cannot perceive this change of the temporal direction) to the right one. This transfer requires and allows for the introduction of additional temporal axes in order to solve paradoxes in physics.
Rovelli, Carlo
2009-01-01
Following a line of research that I have developed for several years, I argue that the best strategy for understanding quantum gravity is to build a picture of the physical world where the notion of time plays no role. I summarize here this point of view, explaining why I think that in a fundamental description of nature we must "forget time", and how this can be done in the classical and in the quantum theory. The idea is to develop a formalism that treats dependent and independent variables...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kothari, Ninad B.; Wohlgemuth, Melville J.; Hulgard, Katrine
2014-01-01
To successfully negotiate a cluttered environment, an echolocating bat must control the timing of motor behaviors in response to dynamic sensory information. Here we detail the big brown bat's adaptive temporal control over sonar call production for tracking prey, moving predictably or unpredicta......To successfully negotiate a cluttered environment, an echolocating bat must control the timing of motor behaviors in response to dynamic sensory information. Here we detail the big brown bat's adaptive temporal control over sonar call production for tracking prey, moving predictably...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Horsbøl, Anders; Lassen, Inger
2011-01-01
In this article we study the relationship of temporality and ideology through examples from a local controversy over field testing of genetically modified maize in a rural area in the north of Denmark. The primary focus of our study is on ways in which participants frame time on different...... timescales, ranging from representations of time in the present moment to representations of processes at shorter or longer timescales in the past or future. Looking at discourse from a temporal perspective opens up to simultaneous spatial scales where a global issue finds recontextualized meanings in local...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Populizio Ivan
2002-06-01
Full Text Available According to Einstein’s renowned declaration, for those who believe in physics – or, more precisely, in its capability to offer a “scientific” representation of the world – the distinction between present, past and future is just “an illusion, though obstinate”. If we consider an effective analogy by Mauro Dorato, we can state that those who agree with the famous German scientist will recognize in the present, past and future a relationship very similar to that between “here” and “somewhere else” – in other words, the present is just a located moment and has no privileged status. In other conceptual universes, some of which are explored by philosophy, or imagined by art, as well as in other scientific disciplines like biology, the need for a strong distinction between “what has happened”, “what will happen” and “what is happening” seems to be unavoidable. At the macroscopic level of living beings there does not seem to be a way out of the “eternal present”, which cannot be escaped even by the desire of some well-developed mammals to understand reality or such an apparently primary experience as the “passing of time”. Even the “timeless” description of reality offered by physics is immersed in time and changes with it. This paradox seems to contain the core of the irreducibility between two cultural constructions which we will be calling “the time of the soul” and “the time of the world”, after Ricoeur. The main thesis of this essay is that there are two fundamentally different ways of facing the mystery of time, which have a precise relationship with the mentioned contrast between the subjective and the objective conception of time – mental, qualitative and experienced in the first case; physical, quantitative and measurable in the second. Considering Ricoeur’s research on time and stories, we can conclude that this dichotomy may give rise to another similarly radical difference between
Phantom space-times in fake supergravity
Bu Taam, Maryam; Sabra, Wafic A.
2015-12-01
We discuss phantom metrics admitting Killing spinors in fake N = 2, D = 4 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets. The Abelian U (1) gauge fields in the fake theory have kinetic terms with the wrong sign. We solve the Killing spinor equations for the standard and fake theories in a unified fashion by introducing a parameter which distinguishes between the two theories. The solutions found are fully determined in terms of algebraic conditions, the so-called stabilisation equations, in which the symplectic sections are related to a set of functions. These functions are harmonic in the case of the standard supergravity theory and satisfy the wave-equation in flat (2 + 1)-space-time in the fake theory. Explicit examples are given for the minimal models with quadratic prepotentials.
Phantom space–times in fake supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maryam Bu Taam
2015-12-01
Full Text Available We discuss phantom metrics admitting Killing spinors in fake N=2, D=4 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets. The Abelian U(1 gauge fields in the fake theory have kinetic terms with the wrong sign. We solve the Killing spinor equations for the standard and fake theories in a unified fashion by introducing a parameter which distinguishes between the two theories. The solutions found are fully determined in terms of algebraic conditions, the so-called stabilisation equations, in which the symplectic sections are related to a set of functions. These functions are harmonic in the case of the standard supergravity theory and satisfy the wave-equation in flat (2+1-space–time in the fake theory. Explicit examples are given for the minimal models with quadratic prepotentials.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Donghua Chen
2011-12-01
Full Text Available Since the opening of China’s securities market, there have been a number of bull and bear cycles. This paper discusses how executives use the market timing approach to manage earnings in different cycles to maximize firm value. We find that Chinese listed companies choose to release more earnings during bull markets and this phenomenon is more evident in companies that are more profitable and have higher valuations. We also find that executives who do not release more earnings during bull markets are more likely to be dismissed.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Simonsen, Karen-Margrethe
2018-01-01
The focus of this article is the relation between time and transcultural space in literary history. The argument is that the concept of anachronism can help us understand the complexity of temporality and that the analysis of transcultural exchanges between European and Latin American art...... and literature may change literary history and further an understanding of the anachronism of Eurochronology. Two examples of a transcultural and anachronistic relation between Europe and America will be analysed, both of them novels and writers of magical realism. Gabriel García Márquez’s novel Cien años de...
Space-time wormholes with Yang-Mills fields
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rey, S.J. (California Univ., Santa Barbara (USA). Dept. of Physics)
1990-05-21
Recently, Hosoya and Ogura found a wormhole instanton solution with a nontrivial SU(2) magnetic field. In this paper, we identify their solution with the gravitating meron configuration of the SU(2) gauge theory. In addition, we also find a generalized Yang-Mills wormhole solution with nontrivial electric and magnetic fields. These correspond to the 'nested' meron wormholes. Fermion dynamics on these wormhole backgrounds and implications for low-energy physics are also discussed. (orig.).
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thordur Runolfsson
2000-01-01
Full Text Available A risk-sensitive optimal control problem is considered for a hybrid system that consists of continuous time diffusion process that depends on a discrete valued mode variable that is modeled as a Markov chain. Optimality conditions are presented and conditions for the existence of optimal controls are derived. It is shown that the optimal risk-sensitive control problem is equivalent to the upper value of an associated stochastic differential game, and insight into the contributions of the noise input and mode variable to the risk sensitivity of the cost functional is given. Furthermore, it is shown that due to the mode variable risk sensitivity, the equivalence relationship that has been observed between risk-sensitive and H∞ control in the nonhybrid case does not hold for stochastic hybrid systems.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andreasen, Karen Egedal; Rasmussen, Annette
such as the PISA studies, and tendencies in educational politics and schoolsystems in Europe, USA, Australia and Asia. This spring (2011) all danish pupils in grade 6. has been tested nationally for the first time in reading skills and mathematics. The argumentation behind the initiative points to both economical......During 2011 national standardised testing within areas such as reading, mathematics, science etc. has been introduced in Danish compulsory school by the Educational Ministry as something new. The inspirations behind this initiative are both the international comparative educational studies...... advantages and to, that testing is meant to support pupils development of academical skills at school. Though the important question is which effects that will in fact be the consequences from this initiative. As a part of a research project supported by The Danish Research Council, initiated spring 2010 I...
Lockwood, Dean
2012-01-01
The âCloudâ, hailed as a new digital commons, a utopia of collaborative expression and constant connection, actually constitutes a strategy of vitalist post-hegemonic power, which moves to dominate immanently and intensively, organizing our affective political involvements, instituting new modes of enclosure, and, crucially, colonizing the future through a new temporality of control. The virtual is often claimed as a realm of invention through which capitalism might be cracked, but it is precisely here that power now thrives. Cloud time, in service of security and profit, assumes all is knowable. We bear witness to the collapse of both past and future virtuals into a present dedicated to the exploitation of the spectres of both.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gang Wu
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We study a system of second-order dynamic equations on time scales (p1u1∇Δ(t-q1(tu1(t+λf1(t,u1(t,u2(t=0,t∈(t1,tn,(p2u2∇Δ(t-q2(tu2(t+λf2(t,u1(t, u2(t=0, satisfying four kinds of different multipoint boundary value conditions, fi is continuous and semipositone. We derive an interval of λ such that any λ lying in this interval, the semipositone coupled boundary value problem has multiple positive solutions. The arguments are based upon fixed-point theorems in a cone.
Simeonov, Plamen L
2015-01-01
This paper presents yet another personal reflection on one the most important concepts in both science and the humanities: time. This elusive notion has been not only bothering philosophers since Plato and Aristotle and goes throughout human history embracing all analytical and creative (anthropocentric) disciplines from mathematics through physical and life sciences to philosophy, psychology, music and art, with a vast body of knowledge across different theories and categories concerning its nature (rational, irrational, arational), appearances/qualia, degrees, dimensions and scales of conceptualization (internal, external, rational, irrational, fractal, discrete, continuous, mechanical, quantum, local, global, etc.), duration ranges, resolutions, modes (present, now, past, future), variety of tenses (e.g. present perfect, present progressive, etc.) and some intuitive, but also fancy phenomenological characteristics such as arrow, stream, texture, width, depth, and perhaps the most distinct one of them, the ...
Gedanken Worlds without Higgs: QCD-Induced Electroweak Symmetry Breaking
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab /Karlsruhe U., TTP; Shrock, Robert; /YITP, Stony Brook
2009-01-01
To illuminate how electroweak symmetry breaking shapes the physical world, we investigate toy models in which no Higgs fields or other constructs are introduced to induce spontaneous symmetry breaking. Two models incorporate the standard SU(3){sub c} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} U(1){sub Y} gauge symmetry and fermion content similar to that of the standard model. The first class--like the standard electroweak theory--contains no bare mass terms, so the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry within quantum chromodynamics is the only source of electroweak symmetry breaking. The second class adds bare fermion masses sufficiently small that QCD remains the dominant source of electroweak symmetry breaking and the model can serve as a well-behaved low-energy effective field theory to energies somewhat above the hadronic scale. A third class of models is based on the left-right-symmetric SU(3){sub c} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} SU(2){sub R} {circle_times} U(1)B?L gauge group. In a fourth class of models, built on SU(4){sub PS} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} SU(2){sub R} gauge symmetry, lepton number is treated as a fourth color. Many interesting characteristics of the models stem from the fact that the effective strength of the weak interactions is much closer to that of the residual strong interactions than in the real world. The Higgs-free models not only provide informative contrasts to the real world, but also lead us to consider intriguing issues in the application of field theory to the real world.
Process algebra with timing: Real time and discrete time
Baeten, J.C.M.; Middelburg, C.A.
1999-01-01
We present real time and discrete time versions of ACP with absolute timing and relative timing. The startingpoint is a new real time version with absolute timing, called ACPsat , featuring urgent actions and a delay operator. The discrete time versions are conservative extensions of the discrete
Large deviation estimates for exceedance times of perpetuity sequences and their dual processes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Buraczewski, Dariusz; Collamore, Jeffrey F.; Damek, Ewa
2016-01-01
this estimate, and related estimates, to more general processes, little work has been devoted to understanding the path behavior of these processes. In this paper, we derive sharp asymptotic estimates for the large exceedance times of $\\{ Y_n \\}$. Letting $T_u := (\\log\\, u)^{-1} \\inf\\{n: Y_n > u \\}$ denote...... the normalized first passage time, we study ${\\mathbb P} \\left\\{ T_u \\in G \\right\\}$ as $u \\to \\infty$ for sets $G \\subset [0,\\infty)$. We show, first, that the scaled sequence $\\{ T_u \\}$ converges in probability to a certain constant $\\rho > 0$. Moreover, if $G \\cap [0,\\rho] \
Science takes time : families take time!
Hultberg, Kirsti Baird
2000-01-01
Who has time to have a family ? Scientists are the «heroes» of our time. Science takes time - Families take time. Who gives time ? My case -study consists of interviews with scientific workers of both sexes. They are asked how they juggle the time required in the production of scientific knowledge and family life. My findings indicate that it is women, who give of their time.
Conductors and newforms for U(1,1)
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22
local level raising' issues. See [12]. ..... ˜I of level l (≥ 1) and let ˜π be the corresponding supercuspidal representation of ˜G. Let σ = ResI (˜σ ). Then σ = σ1 ⊕ σ2 for two irreducible representations σi (i = 1, 2) of I and γ conjugates one.
Extra U(1), effective operators, anomalies and dark matter
Dudas, Emilian; Mambrini, Yann; Zaldivar, Bryan
2013-01-01
A general analysis is performed on the dimension-six operators mixing an almost hidden Z' to the Standard Model (SM), when the Z' communicates with the SM via heavy mediators. These are fermions charged under both Z' and the SM, while all SM fermions are neutral under Z'. We classify the operators as a function of the gauge anomalies behaviour of mediators and explicitly compute the dimension-six operators coupling Z' to gluons, generated at one-loop by chiral but anomaly-free, sets of fermion mediators. We prove that only one operator contribute to the couplings between Z' charged matter and on-shell gluons. We then make a complete phenomenological analysis of the scenario where the lightest fermion charged under Z' is the dark matter candidate. Combining results from WMAP/PLANCK data, mono-jet searches at LHC, and direct/indirect dark matter detections restrict considerably the allowed parameter space.
Underground storage tank 253-D1U1 Closure Plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mancieri, S.; Giuntoli, N.
1993-09-01
This report is a closure plan for a diesel fuel tank at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Included are maps of the site, work plans, and personnel information regarding training and qualification.
Magnetic String with a Nonlinear U(1 Source
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. H. Hendi
2014-01-01
is adS. Next, we generalize the static metric to the case of rotating solutions and find that the value of the electric charge depends on the rotation parameter. Furthermore, conserved quantities will be calculated through the use of the counterterm method. Finally, we extend four-dimensional magnetic solutions to higher dimensional solutions. We present higher dimensional rotating magnetic branes with maximum rotation parameters and obtain their conserved quantities.
Lifescience Database Archive (English)
Full Text Available bidopsis Thaliana Molecule: 5-Methyltetrahydropteroyltriglutamate-- Homocysteine Methyltransferase; Chain: A...QKDEALFSANAAALASRRSSPRVTNEGVQKAAAALKGSDHRRATNVSARLDAQQKKLNLPILPTTTIGSFPQTVELRRVRREYKAKKVSEEDYVKAI...GPVTILNWSFVRNDQPRHETCYQIALAIKDEVEDLEKGGIGVIQIDEAALREGLPLRKSEHAFYLDWAVHSFRITNCGVQDSTQIHTHMCYSHFNDIIHSIIDMDADV
General practice cooperatives: long waiting times for home visits due to long distances?
Giesen, Paul; van Lin, Nieke; Mokkink, Henk; van den Bosch, Wil; Grol, Richard
2007-02-12
The introduction of large-scale out-of-hours GP cooperatives has led to questions about increased distances between the GP cooperatives and the homes of patients and the increasing waiting times for home visits in urgent cases. We studied the relationship between the patient's waiting time for a home visit and the distance to the GP cooperative. Further, we investigated if other factors (traffic intensity, home visit intensity, time of day, and degree of urgency) influenced waiting times. Cross-sectional study at four GP cooperatives. We used variance analysis to calculate waiting times for various categories of traffic intensity, home visit intensity, time of day, and degree of urgency. We used multiple logistic regression analysis to calculate to what degree these factors affected the ability to meet targets in urgent cases. The average waiting time for 5827 consultations was 30.5 min. Traffic intensity, home visit intensity, time of day and urgency of the complaint all seemed to affect waiting times significantly. A total of 88.7% of all patients were seen within 1 hour. In the case of life-threatening complaints (U1), 68.8% of the patients were seen within 15 min, and 95.6% of those with acute complaints (U2) were seen within 1 hour. For patients with life-threatening complaints (U1) the percentage of visits that met the time target of 15 minutes decreased from 86.5% (less than 2.5 km) to 16.7% (equals or more than 20 km). Although home visits waiting times increase with increasing distance from the GP cooperative, it appears that traffic intensity, home visit intensity, and urgency also influence waiting times. For patients with life-threatening complaints waiting times increase sharply with the distance.
Finite temperature quantum correlations in su(2)(c) quark states and quantum spin models
Hamieh, S; Tawfik, A
The entanglement at finite temperatures is analyzed by using thermal models for colored quarks making tip the hadron physical states. We have found that these quantum correlations entirely vanish at T-c >= m(q)/ln(1.5). For temperatures larger than T-c the correlations are classical. We have also
Higher representations on the lattice: numerical simulations. SU(2) with adjoint fermions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Patella, Agostino; Pica, Claudio
2008-01-01
We discuss the lattice formulation of gauge theories with fermions in arbitrary representations of the color group, and present in detail the implementation of the HMC/RHMC algorithm for simulating dynamical fermions. We discuss the validation of the implementation through an extensive set of tes...
Confining vs. conformal scenario for SU(2) with 2 adjoint fermions. Gluonic observables
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino
2010-01-01
Walking technicolor is a mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking without Higgs field. The Higgs mechanism is provided by chiral symmetry breaking in the technicolor theory. An essential ingredient is the vicinity to an IR fixed point, which could reconcile technicolor with the electroweak...
Two-Dimensional Exactly Solvable Quantum Model Obtained from SU(3)/SU(2) Homogenous Space
Panahi, H.; Nemati, M.
2017-07-01
In this paper by using of the Euler-angle parametrization of SU(3) Lie group and its symmetry space on S 5≅ S U(3) / S U(2), we obtain one two-dimensional Hamiltonian defined on S 2sphere. We show that the quantum system can be interpreted as the motion of a charged particle in presence of an external electric field. We solve the model and obtain its spectrum.
SU(2) Flavor Asymmetry of the Proton Sea in Chiral Effective Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McKenney, J. R. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Sato Gonzalez, Nobuo [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Melnitchouk, Wally [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Ji, Cheung-Ryong [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
2016-07-01
We refine the computation of the $\\bar{d}$ - $\\bar{u}$ flavor asymmetry in the proton sea with a complementary effort to reveal the dynamics of pion exchange in high-energy processes. In particular, we discuss the efficacy of pion exchange models to simultaneously describe leading neutron electroproduction at HERA along with the $\\bar{d}$ - $\\bar{u}$ flavor asymmetry in the proton. A detailed χ^{2} analysis of the ZEUS and H1 data, when combined with constraints on the pion flux from Drell-Yan data, allows regions of applicability of one-pion exchange to be delineated. Based on the fit results, we also address a possible estimate for leading proton structure functions in upcoming tagged deep-inelastic scattering experiments at Jefferson Lab on the deuteron with forward protons.
Badr, Salah M.; Bruztman, Donald P.; Nelson, Michael L.; Byrnes, Ronald Benton
1992-01-01
This paper presents an introduction to the basic issues involved in real-time systems. Both real-time operating sys and real-time programming languages are explored. Concurrent programming and process synchronization and communication are also discussed. The real-time requirements of the Naval Postgraduate School Autonomous Under Vehicle (AUV) are then examined. Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), hard real-time system, real-time operating system, real-time programming language, real-time sy...
Evaluating Distributed Timing Constraints
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kristensen, C.H.; Drejer, N.
1994-01-01
In this paper we describe a solution to the problem of implementing time-optimal evaluation of timing constraints in distributed real-time systems.......In this paper we describe a solution to the problem of implementing time-optimal evaluation of timing constraints in distributed real-time systems....
Choosing between his time and her time?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Deding, Mette; Lausten, Mette
When adding up market work and non-market work, Danish men and women work about the same number of hours per day. While men do the major share of the market work, women do the major share of the non-market work. In this paper, we investigate the interaction between the different time use activities...... for Danish working couples. The analysis is based on the Danish Time Use Survey from 2001, which contains detailed time use information for both spouses. We analyse the time used by each spouse on market work and non-market work, taking the endogeneity of time regressors into account. Non-market work...... consists of both ordinary housework and childcare. We analyse whether these two activities are structurally different by estimating them separately and find strong evidence in favour of this hypothesis. Results show that substitution between time use activities is found both for individuals and between...
Current problems in the weak interactions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pais, A
1977-01-01
Some reasons are discussed showing why the recent SU(2) x U(1) gauge theory of weak and electromagnetic interactions is not a complete theory of these interactions, Lepton theory, charm, and the CP problem are considered. 60 references. (JFP)
Shackle in time - time in Shackle
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Mogens Ove
2015-01-01
GLS Shackle got much and the crucial inspiration from John Maynard Keynes. But that's not all. He took a number of further consequences of Keynes’ thoughts. This implies for example ideal claims to economists - having to deal with both mechanical time and expectational time. In consequence the idea...
Sacha, Krzysztof; Zakrzewski, Jakub
2018-01-01
Time crystals are time-periodic self-organized structures postulated by Frank Wilczek in 2012. While the original concept was strongly criticized, it stimulated at the same time an intensive research leading to propositions and experimental verifications of discrete (or Floquet) time crystals—the structures that appear in the time domain due to spontaneous breaking of discrete time translation symmetry. The struggle to observe discrete time crystals is reviewed here together with propositions that generalize this concept introducing condensed matter like physics in the time domain. We shall also revisit the original Wilczek’s idea and review strategies aimed at spontaneous breaking of continuous time translation symmetry.
Hannah, Robert
2008-01-01
Time in Antiquity explores the different perceptions of time from Classical antiquity, principally through the technology designed to measure, mark or tell time. The material discussed ranges from the sixth century BC in archaic Greece to the 3rd century AD in the Roman Empire, and offers fascinating insights into ordinary people's perceptions of time and time-keeping instruments.
Reaction Time (Polish language)
Iermakov, Sergii
2014-01-01
Reaction time is the interval time between the presentation of a stimulus and the initiation of the muscular response to that stimulus.If there is only one possible response (simple reaction time) it will only take a short time to react. If there are several possible responses (choice reaction time) then it will take longer to determine which response to carry out.
... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000355.htm Screen time and children To use the sharing features on ... videos is considered unhealthy screen time. Current Screen Time Guidelines Children under age 2 should have no ...
Shmaliy, Yuriy
2006-01-01
Gives a modern description of continuous-time deterministic signals Signal formation techniquesTime vs. frequency and frequency vs. time analysisCorrelation and energy analysisNarrowband signals and sampling.
Time-frequency / time-scale analysis
Flandrin, Patrick
1999-01-01
This highly acclaimed work has so far been available only in French. It is a detailed survey of a variety of techniques for time-frequency/time-scale analysis (the essence of "Wavelet Analysis"). This book has broad and comprehensive coverage of a topic of keen interest to a variety of engineers, especially those concerned with signal and image processing. Flandrin provides a discussion of numerous issues and problems that arise from a mixed description in time and frequency, as well as problems in interpretation inherent in signal theory. Key Features * Detailed coverage of both linear and quadratic solutions * Various techniques for both random and deterministic signals.
Out of Time: Maternal time and disability
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rachel Robertson
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Starting from a maternal experience of temporal dissonance, this article takes a feminist disability studies approach to exploring disabled maternal temporality. After establishing how notions of time are central to discourses about disability and summarising some key discussions on women's time and caring, I use Lisa Baraitser's work on interrupted time and mothering to develop a parallel between the way both maternal and disabled subjectivities problematise temporality. My discussion then draws on Alison Kafer's and Rosemarie Garland-Thomson's discussions about futurity to explore the relationship between futurity, maternal subjectivity and disability, arguing for the ethical value of the maternal experience.
Raju, C. K.
1991-01-01
A study of time in Newtonian physics is presented. Newton's laws of motion, falsifiability and physical theories, laws of motion and law of gravitation, and Laplace's demon are discussed. Short bibliographic sketches of Laplace and Karl Popper are included. (KR)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Johann-Albrecht Meylahn
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Maybe, before we speak of time, or maybe whilst we are speaking of time, or maybe after we have spoken of time, in the various modes of time’s insistence to exist, one should give time to the talk of time. There are various different modes of time’s insistence to exist, such as quantum physics in conversation with relativity theory where time is constructed as a fourth dimension of space. Or there are the modes of time in history, religion, psychology and philosophy, and each of these modes is composed, and composes its own specific object called time, and a particular subject who understands and interprets time in that particular mode. Yet, before, whilst or after these modes of time’s insistence to exist, one should maybe give time to time’s time. Give time for the various times to articulate themselves in the various modes of existence, thereby creating both a whole plurality of differing subjects, as well as plurality of differing objects, all called ‘time’. Once time has been given time to talk its talk, to articulate itself within the various modes, it will be interrupted by the articulations of time in various modes of time still to come. These disruptions of time by time always still to come opens the door for a theological narrative – a narrative on time, but created by the coming of messianic times, interpreted in the mode of hope but also in the mode of a promise from the past.
McEwan, Anna E.
2012-01-01
This essay invites reflection on the phenomena of time as it impacts the day-to-day life of teachers. It also explores assumptions about time and teaching in three areas: first, beliefs about the force of time and the teacher's struggle to control it; second, beliefs about the potential of time and the benefits of its passing for teachers and…
Aziz, V M; Warner, N J
2005-01-01
The delusion that the usual passage of time has been changed and that time has been interfered with or is repeating itself is rare. Four patients with the delusion of warped time are presented and the significance of the symptom is discussed. The perception of the passage of time and its disorders is discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dolce Donatello
2013-09-01
Full Text Available Elementary particles, i.e. the basic constituents of nature, are characterized by quantum recurrences in time. The flow of time of every physical system can be therefore decomposed in elementary cycles of time. This allows us to enforce the local nature of relativistic time, yielding interesting unified descriptions of fundamental aspects of modern physics, as shown in recent publications. Every particle can be regarded as a reference clock with time resolution of the order of the Compton time particle, many orders of magnitude more accurate than the atomic clocks. Here we report basic implications about the resulting notion of time.
Perceptions of Time and Long Time Intervals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drottz-Sjoeberg, Britt-Marie [Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway). Dept. of Psychology
2006-09-15
There are certainly many perspectives presented in the literature on time and time perception. This contribution has focused on perceptions of the time frames related to risk and danger of radiation from a planned Swedish repository for spent nuclear fuel. Respondents from two municipalities judged SSI's reviews of the entrepreneur's plans and work of high importance, and more important the closer to our time the estimate was given. Similarly were the consequences of potential leakage from a repository perceived as more serious the closer it would be to our time. Judgements of risks related to the storage of spent nuclear fuel were moderately large on the used measurement scales. Experts are experts because they have more knowledge, and in this context they underlined e.g. the importance of reviews of the radiation situation of time periods up to 100,000 years. It was of interest to note that 55% of the respondents from the municipalities did not believe that the future repository would leak radioactivity. They were much more pessimistic with respect to world politics, i.e. a new world war. However, with respect to the seriousness of the consequences given a leakage from the repository, the public group consistently gave high risk estimates, often significantly higher than those of the expert group. The underestimations of time estimates, as seen in the tasks of pinpointing historic events, provide examples of the difficulty of making estimations involving long times. Similar results showed that thinking of 'the future' most often involved about 30 years. On average, people reported memories of about 2.5 generations back in time, and emotional relationships stretching approximately 2.5 generations into the future; 94% of the responses, with respect to how many future generations one had an emotional relationship, were given in the range of 1-5 generations. Similarly, Svenson and Nilsson found the opinion that the current generations
Mayato, R; Egusquiza, I
2002-01-01
The treatment of time in quantum mechanics is still an important and challenging open question in the foundation of the theory. This book describes the problems, and the attempts and achievements in defining, formalizing and measuring different time quantities in quantum theory, such as the parametric (clock) time, tunneling times, decay times, dwell times, delay times, arrival times or jump times. This multiauthored book, written as an introductory guide for the non-initiated as well as a useful source of information for the expert, covers many of the open questions. A brief historical overview is to be found in the introduction. It is followed by 12 chapters devoted to conceptual and theoretical investigations as well as experimental issues in quantum-mechanical time measurements. This unique monograph should attract physicists as well as philosophers of science working in the foundations of quantum physics.
Holmlid, Leif
2015-01-01
Laser-induced processes in ultra-dense deuterium D(0) layers eject multi-MeV u-1 particles using ns laser pulse energies of <200 mJ. Such particles have been observed previously as mA currents to time-of-flight (TOF) collectors at up to 1 m distance. The signal current is mainly due to the ejection of secondary electrons by impinging MeV particles on the collectors. Improved two-collector time-of-flight measurements now show that the energy of the particles is in the range 1-50 MeV u-1. Their distributions are almost thermal at up to 13 MeV u-1 or are sharper than thermal. The fastest sharp peak may indicate shock-wave acceleration by many-body energy transfer. A magnetic field of 0.4 T deflects only a small part of the multi-MeV particle flux which thus mainly consists of neutral particles. By combining the TOF method with magnetic deflection, it is ascertained that the multi-MeV particles are studied and not any slower particle emission from the target. The neutral multi-MeV particles are concluded to be...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Balbi Amedeo
2013-09-01
Full Text Available Time has always played a crucial role in cosmology. I review some of the aspects of the present cosmological model which are more directly related to time, such as: the definition of a cosmic time; the existence of typical timescales and epochs in an expanding universe; the problem of the initial singularity and the origin of time; the cosmological arrow of time.
Brackx, E.; Laval, J. P.; Dugne, O.; Feraud, J. P.; Arab-Chapelet, B.
2015-01-01
In the context of research on U/minor actinides for nuclear fuel reprocessing in the transmutation process, developments are first studied with surrogates containing uranium and lanthanides to facilitate testing. The tests consist of precipitating and calcining a hydrazinium uranium/cerium oxalate. The structure of this oxalate had not been previously determined, but was necessary to validate the physicochemical mechanisms involved. The present study, firstly demonstrates the structural similarity of the U/Ce oxalate phase (N2H5,H)2.9U1.1Ce0.9(C2O4)5·10H2O, synthesized using a vortex precipitator for continuous synthesis of actinide oxalates, with previously known oxalates, crystallizing in P63/mmc symmetry, obtained by more classical methods. This fast precipitation process induces massive nucleation of fine powders. Their structural and microstructural determination confirms that the raw and dried phases belong to the same structural family as (NH4)2U2(C2O4)5·0.7H2O whose structure was described by Chapelet-Arab in P63/mmc symmetry, using single crystal data. However, they present an extended disorder inside the tunnels of the structure, even after drying at 100 °C, between water and hydrazinium ions. This disorder is directly related to the fast vortex method. This structure determination can be used as a basis for further semi-quantitative analysis on the U/minor actinides products formed under various experimental conditions.
Time, Self & Intertemporal Choice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cintia eRetz Lucci
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Neuroscientific studies of intertemporal choice (IC have focused mainly on the neural representation of self-control mechanisms and valuation. This reflects what has been considered as the core of the IC phenomenon. The claim of this paper is that deviations from exponential reward discounting as a function of time might be fully accounted for by the deviation of subjective time from calendar time. This claim is based on evidence that specificities of time perception can modulate discounting. Consequently, time perception is fundamental to IC and it is crucial to understand the mechanisms underlying time processing in different situations; to investigate when human time perception differs from time as represented by the calendar metric system; and to study how time perception predicts choices. This paper surveys the recent literature on time perception in order to discuss the measuring of IC through time-perception specificities. The notion of self is also discussed within this temporal perspective. If time perception modulates discounting, and time perception is related to self, the relationship between self and time perception becomes a new path to be explored in the IC studies.
Reichenbach, Hans
1999-01-01
Ever a source of philosophical conjecture and debate, the concept of time represents the beating heart of physics. This final work by the distinguished physicist Hans Reichenbach represents the culmination and integration of a lifetime's philosophical contributions and inquiries into the analysis of time. The result is an outstanding overview of such qualitative, or topological, attributes of time as order and direction.Beginning with a discussion of the emotive significance of time, Reichenbach turns to an examination of the time order of mechanics, the time direction of thermodynamics and m
Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a very heavy fourth quark generation
Gerhold, P.; Jansen, K.; Kallarackal, J.
2011-01-01
We study the effect of a potential fourth quark generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection...
Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the Higgs boson mass bounds
Gerhold, P.; Jansen, K.; Kallarackal, J.
2010-01-01
We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying $SU(2)_L\\times U(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection o...
Rotating NS5-brane solution and its exact string theoretical description
Sfetsos, K.
1999-01-01
We construct the most general solution in type-II string theory that represents N coincident non-extremal rotating NS5-branes and determine the relevant thermodynamic quantities. We show that in the field theory limit, it has an exact description. In particular, it can be obtained by an O(3,3) duality transformation on the exact string background for the coset model SL(2,R)_{-N}/U(1) \\times SU(2)_N. In the extreme supersymmetric limit we recover the multicenter solution, with a ring singulari...
Simplified models for dark matter face their consistent completions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gonçalves, Dorival; Machado, Pedro A. N.; No, Jose Miguel
2017-03-01
Simplified dark matter models have been recently advocated as a powerful tool to exploit the complementarity between dark matter direct detection, indirect detection and LHC experimental probes. Focusing on pseudoscalar mediators between the dark and visible sectors, we show that the simplified dark matter model phenomenology departs significantly from that of consistent ${SU(2)_{\\mathrm{L}} \\times U(1)_{\\mathrm{Y}}}$ gauge invariant completions. We discuss the key physics simplified models fail to capture, and its impact on LHC searches. Notably, we show that resonant mono-Z searches provide competitive sensitivities to standard mono-jet analyses at $13$ TeV LHC.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chris Quigg
2001-08-10
After a short essay on the current state of particle physics, the author reviews the antecedents of the modern picture of the weak and electromagnetic interactions and then undertakes a brief survey of the SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} U(1){sub Y} electroweak theory. The authors reviews the features of electroweak phenomenology at tree level and beyond, presents an introduction to the Higgs boson and the 1-TeV scale, and examines arguments for enlarging the electroweak theory. The author concludes with a brief look at low-scale gravity.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Elkind, David; Rinaldi, Carla; Flemmert Jensen, Anne
Proceedings from the conference "Children, Time, and Play". Danish University of Education, January 30th 2003.......Proceedings from the conference "Children, Time, and Play". Danish University of Education, January 30th 2003....
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Amandine E Rey; George A Michael; Corina Dondas; Marvin Thar; Luis Garcia-Larrea; Stéphanie Mazza
2017-01-01
.... We show that being in pain leads to an expansion of subjective time whereby a stronger increase in pain perception relative to non-painful stimulation leads to a stronger time-estimate distortion...
Time, Self & Intertemporal Choice
Cintia eRetz Lucci
2013-01-01
Neuroscientific studies of intertemporal choice (IC) have focused mainly on the neural representation of self-control mechanisms and valuation. This reflects what has been considered as the core of the IC phenomenon. The claim of this paper is that deviations from exponential reward discounting as a function of time might be fully accounted for by the deviation of subjective time from calendar time. This claim is based on evidence that specificities of time perception can modulate discounting...
Forsyth, Patrick
2016-01-01
Packed with tips and techniques, Successful Time Management serves as a guide to reviewing and assessing new work practices to improve time management. It includes great time-saving ideas, practical solutions, checklists, and advice on controlling paperwork, delegating and working with others, prioritizing to focus on key issues, and getting and staying organized. This new third edition contains new practical tips on using email in a time effective manner and dealing with other internet-based tools and apps to help productivity.
International atomic time and time transfer
Lewandowski, Wlodzimierz
Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) keep a central role in the international timekeeping. American Global Positioning System (GPS) is a navigation system that has proven itself to be a reliable source of positioning for both the military community and the civilian community. But, little known by many, is the fact that GPS has proven itself to be an important and valuabe utility to the timekeeping community (Lewandowski et al. 1999). GPS is a versatile and global tool which can be used to both distribute time to an arbitrary number of users and synchronise clocks over large distances with a high degree of precision and accuracy. Similar performance can be obtained with Russian Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS). It is expected in the near future satellites of a new European navigation system GALILEO might bring some important opportunities for international timekeeping. This paper after a brief introduction to international timekeeping focuses on the description of recent progress in time transfer techniques using GNSS satellites.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
systems, robots, space applications, farming, biotech- nology and even medicine. The disciplines of continuous-time and discrete-time sig- nals and systems have become increasingly entwined. Without any doubt, it is advantageous to process conti- nuous-time signals by sampling them. The computer control system for a ...
... Food Shopping Healthy Drinks for Kids Toddler Reading Time KidsHealth > For Parents > Toddler Reading Time Print A A A What's in this article? ... Kids make big leaps in vocabulary during this time, and learn about letters, shapes, colors, weather, animals, ...
2013-01-01
Time series analysis can be used to quantitatively monitor, describe, explain, and predict road safety developments. Time series analysis techniques offer the possibility of quantitatively modelling road safety developments in such a way that the dependencies between the observations of time series
Andries van den Broek; Koen Breedveld; Jos de Haan; Joep de Hart; Frank Huysmans
2004-01-01
How do the Dutch spend their time? How much time for example do they devote to remunerated work, care, reading or voluntary work? And: how is time structured in Dutch society? To what extent is Sunday still a special day? The Social and Cultural Planning Office has been participating in a
Springintveld, Jan; Vaandrager, Frits; d' Argenio, P.R.
2001-01-01
We present a generalization of the classical theory of testing for Mealy machines to a setting of dense real-time systems. A model of timed I/O automata is introduced, inspired by the timed automaton model of Alur and Dill, together with a notion of test sequence for this model. Our main
Springintveld, Jan; Vaandrager, Frits; d' Argenio, P.R.
We present a generalization of the classical theory of testing for Mealy machines to a setting of dense real-time systems. A model of timed I/O automata is introduced, inspired by the timed automaton model of Alur and Dill, together with a notion of test sequence for this model. Our main
Buying time promotes happiness
Whillans, Ashley; Dunn, Elizabeth; Smeets, Paul M.; Bekkers, R.H.F.P.; Norton, M.I.
2017-01-01
Around the world, increases in wealth have produced an unintended consequence: a rising sense of time scarcity. We provide evidence that using money to buy time can provide a buffer against this time famine, thereby promoting happiness. Using large, diverse samples from the United States, Canada,
Zheng, F.
2011-01-01
Urban travel times are intrinsically uncertain due to a lot of stochastic characteristics of traffic, especially at signalized intersections. A single travel time does not have much meaning and is not informative to drivers or traffic managers. The range of travel times is large such that certain
Elton, L. R. B
1978-01-01
Time and Man focuses on the endeavors of humans to probe the mysteries of time and to elucidate its properties. The discussions are both philosophical and factual in nature and encompass science as well as the physical sciences, biology and related disciplines (for example, evolution), and the humanities (for example, religion). Factual information is presented to help the reader gain a better understanding of the concepts associated with time.Comprised of nine chapters, this volume first considers the passage of time and the experiences which humans associate with the concept of time before r
Reck, Phillipp; Gorini, Cosimo; Goussev, Arseni; Krueckl, Viktor; Fink, Mathias; Richter, Klaus
2017-04-01
Both metaphysical and practical considerations related to time inversion have intrigued scientists for generations. Physicists have strived to devise and implement time-inversion protocols, in particular different forms of "time mirrors" for classical waves. Here we propose an instantaneous time mirror for quantum systems, i.e., a controlled time discontinuity generating wave function echoes with high fidelities. This concept exploits coherent particle-hole oscillations in a Dirac spectrum in order to achieve population reversal, and can be implemented in systems such as (real or artificial) graphene.
Random center vortex lines in continuous 3D space-time
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Höllwieser, Roman [Department of Physics, New Mexico State University, PO Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States); Institute of Atomic and Subatomic Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Operngasse 9, 1040 Vienna (Austria); Altarawneh, Derar [Department of Physics, New Mexico State University, PO Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States); Department of Applied Physics, Tafila Technical University, Tafila, 66110 (Jordan); Engelhardt, Michael [Department of Physics, New Mexico State University, PO Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States)
2016-01-22
We present a model of center vortices, represented by closed random lines in continuous 2+1-dimensional space-time. These random lines are modeled as being piece-wise linear and an ensemble is generated by Monte Carlo methods. The physical space in which the vortex lines are defined is a cuboid with periodic boundary conditions. Besides moving, growing and shrinking of the vortex configuration, also reconnections are allowed. Our ensemble therefore contains not a fixed, but a variable number of closed vortex lines. This is expected to be important for realizing the deconfining phase transition. Using the model, we study both vortex percolation and the potential V(R) between quark and anti-quark as a function of distance R at different vortex densities, vortex segment lengths, reconnection conditions and at different temperatures. We have found three deconfinement phase transitions, as a function of density, as a function of vortex segment length, and as a function of temperature. The model reproduces the qualitative features of confinement physics seen in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Elena Olivo
2009-06-01
Full Text Available The contemporary complexity has changed and conditioned the spatiality. The concept of space is more and more articulated and complex, it is attached to the concept of Time. It is necessary to research constitutives and structural elements of the contemporary Space-Time. The Contemporary needs plan of Time. In the Contemporary “the depth of Time” succeed to the “depth of Space”, and the Project became project of time in different scales, with different shaps, in different ways. In architecture and urbanistic composition everything depends on the measure of time against space. Perhaps, after music, the most perfect metrical expression of time, no other expressive activity requires as specifically characteristic a use of Time, as compositional material, as does the architecture and town-planning scheme.
Buying time promotes happiness.
Whillans, Ashley V; Dunn, Elizabeth W; Smeets, Paul; Bekkers, Rene; Norton, Michael I
2017-08-08
Around the world, increases in wealth have produced an unintended consequence: a rising sense of time scarcity. We provide evidence that using money to buy time can provide a buffer against this time famine, thereby promoting happiness. Using large, diverse samples from the United States, Canada, Denmark, and The Netherlands (n = 6,271), we show that individuals who spend money on time-saving services report greater life satisfaction. A field experiment provides causal evidence that working adults report greater happiness after spending money on a time-saving purchase than on a material purchase. Together, these results suggest that using money to buy time can protect people from the detrimental effects of time pressure on life satisfaction.
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Theodore R. Schatzki
2006-01-01
Full Text Available This essay pursues two goals: (1 to argue that two fundamental types of time—the time of objective reality and “the time of the soul”—meet in human activity and history and (2 to defend the legitimacy of calling a particular version of the second type a kind of time. The essay begins by criticizing Paul Ricoeur’s version of the claim that times of these two sorts meet in history. It then presents an account of human activity based on Heidegger’s Being and Time, according to which certain times of the two types—existential temporality and succession—meet in human activity. The legitimacy of calling existential temporality a kind of time is then defended via an expanded analysis of activity that examines where the two times meet there. The concluding section briefly considers a conception of historical time due to David Carr before showing why history is a broader domain encompassing human activity where the two times meet.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Theodore R. Schatzki
2005-01-01
Full Text Available This essay pursues two goals: (1 to argue that two fundamental types of time—the time of objective reality and “the time of the soul”—meet in human activity and history and (2 to defend the legitimacy of calling a particular version of the second type a kind of time. The essay begins by criticizing Paul Ricoeur’s version of the claim that times of these two sorts meet in history. It then presents an account of human activity based on Heidegger’s Being and Time, according to which certain times of the two types—existential temporality and succession—meet in human activity. The legitimacy of calling existential temporality a kind of time is then defended via an expanded analysis of activity that examines where the two times meet there. The concluding section briefly considers a conception of historical time due to David Carr before showing why history is a broader domain encompassing human activity where the two times meet.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nuno Vieira
2013-11-01
Full Text Available Time conceptions have had an evolution along the time, defining itself as one key element for both social and scientific activities. Nowadays time studies does not belong to a specific scientific subject, it has a multi-referential status and its study must be based on multidisciplinary perspectives. Even our circadian times are ruled by external entities such as work, and we learn to walk by the (temporal rhythms at school. Time rulers, like clocks, bells, rings, defines our lives and the way we live them, undertaken by a global synchronism. This synchronic activities oppresses (Freire our lives because it overrules our inner time and dictates the way we live in the moment that we start going to school.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jørgensen, Kenneth Yrke; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand; Srba, Jiri
2012-01-01
in order to compare the performance of time-darts and the complete discretization. The main conclusion is that in all our experiments the time-dart method outperforms the complete discretization and it scales significantly better for models with larger constants. [45] Verification of Liveness Properties......Symbolic data structures for model checking timed systems have been subject to a significant research, with Difference Bound Matrices (DBMs) still being the preferred data structure in several mature verification tools. In comparison, discretization offers an easy alternative, with all operations...... having linear-time complexity in the number of clocks, and yet valid for a large class of closed systems. Unfortunately, fine-grained discretization causes itself a state-space explosion. We introduce a new data structure called time-darts for the symbolic representation of state-spaces of timed automata...
Baucells, Manel; Sarin, Rakesh K.
2007-01-01
We consider a resource allocation problem in which time is the principal resource. Utility is derived from time-consuming leisure activities, as well as from consumption. To acquire consumption, time needs to be allocated to income generating activities (i.e., work). Leisure (e.g., social relationships, family and rest) is considered a basic good, and its utility is evaluated using the Discounted Utility Model. Consumption is adaptive and its utility is evaluated using a reference-dependent m...
TIME MANAGEMENT FOR ACCOUNTANTS
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Cristina Elena BIGIOI
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Time is money. Every accountant knows that. In our country, the taxes are changing frequently. The accountants have to update their fiscal knowledge. The purpose of the article is to find how the accountants manage their time, taking into consideration the number of fiscal declarations and the fiscal changes. In this article we present some ways to improve time management for accountants.
Bozga, Marius; Graf, Susanne; Mounier, Laurent; Ober, Iulian; Roux, Jean-Luc; Vincent, Daniel
2001-01-01
International audience; In this paper we propose some extensions necessary to enable the specification and description language SDL to become an appropriate formalism for the design of real-time and embedded systems. The extensions we envisage concern both roles of SDL: First, in order to make SDL a real-time specification language, allowing to correctly simulate and verify real-time specifications, we propose a set of annotations to express in a flexible way assumptions and assertions on tim...
Characteristic Time Model Validation
1988-09-01
Characteristic Time Model Validation Final Technical Report .’ ". Tallio, R.C. Prior, Jr., and A. M. Mellor* U.S. Army Research Office Contract...Park, NC 27709-2211 I N I 11, TITLE (Include Securrty Cassification) Characteristic Time Model Validation (unclassified)512 PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Tallio...number) FIELD GROUP SUB-GROUP Two-dimensional confined shear layers; two-dimensional prefilming airblast atomizers; characteristic time model; finite
Yin, Dong-shan; Gao, Yu-ping; Zhao, Shu-hong
2017-07-01
Millisecond pulsars can generate another type of time scale that is totally independent of the atomic time scale, because the physical mechanisms of the pulsar time scale and the atomic time scale are quite different from each other. Usually the pulsar timing observations are not evenly sampled, and the internals between two data points range from several hours to more than half a month. Further more, these data sets are sparse. All this makes it difficult to generate an ensemble pulsar time scale. Hence, a new algorithm to calculate the ensemble pulsar time scale is proposed. Firstly, a cubic spline interpolation is used to densify the data set, and make the intervals between data points uniform. Then, the Vondrak filter is employed to smooth the data set, and get rid of the high-frequency noises, and finally the weighted average method is adopted to generate the ensemble pulsar time scale. The newly released NANOGRAV (North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves) 9-year data set is used to generate the ensemble pulsar time scale. This data set includes the 9-year observational data of 37 millisecond pulsars observed by the 100-meter Green Bank telescope and the 305-meter Arecibo telescope. It is found that the algorithm used in this paper can reduce effectively the influence caused by the noises in pulsar timing residuals, and improve the long-term stability of the ensemble pulsar time scale. Results indicate that the long-term (> 1 yr) stability of the ensemble pulsar time scale is better than 3.4 × 10-15.
Pre-Big Bang, space-time structure, asymptotic Universe
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Gonzalez-Mestres Luis
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Planck and other recent data in Cosmology and Particle Physics can open the way to controversial analyses concerning the early Universe and its possible ultimate origin. Alternatives to standard cosmology include pre-Big Bang approaches, new space-time geometries and new ultimate constituents of matter. Basic issues related to a possible new cosmology along these lines clearly deserve further exploration. The Planck collaboration reports an age of the Universe t close to 13.8 Gyr and a present ratio H between relative speeds and distances at cosmic scale around 67.3 km/s/Mpc. The product of these two measured quantities is then slightly below 1 (about 0.95, while it can be exactly 1 in the absence of matter and cosmological constant in patterns based on the spinorial space-time we have considered in previous papers. In this description of space-time we first suggested in 1996-97, the cosmic time t is given by the modulus of a SU(2 spinor and the Lundmark-Lemaître-Hubble (LLH expansion law turns out to be of purely geometric origin previous to any introduction of standard matter and relativity. Such a fundamental geometry, inspired by the role of half-integer spin in Particle Physics, may reflect an equilibrium between the dynamics of the ultimate constituents of matter and the deep structure of space and time. Taking into account the observed cosmic acceleration, the present situation suggests that the value of 1 can be a natural asymptotic limit for the product H t in the long-term evolution of our Universe up to possible small corrections. In the presence of a spinorial space-time geometry, no ad hoc combination of dark matter and dark energy would in any case be needed to get an acceptable value of H and an evolution of the Universe compatible with observation. The use of a spinorial space-time naturally leads to unconventional properties for the space curvature term in Friedmann-like equations. It therefore suggests a major modification of
Marks-Tarlow, Terry
Linear concepts of time plus the modern capacity to track history emerged out of circular conceptions characteristic of ancient and traditional cultures. A fractal concept of time lies implicitly within the analog clock, where each moment is treated as unique. With fractal geometry the best descriptor of nature, qualities of self-similarity and scale invariance easily model her endless variety and recursive patterning, both in time and across space. To better manage temporal aspects of our lives, a fractal concept of time is non-reductive, based more on the fullness of being than on fragments of doing. By using a fractal concept of time, each activity or dimension of life is multiply and vertically nested. Each nested cycle remains simultaneously present, operating according to intrinsic dynamics and time scales. By adding the vertical axis of simultaneity to the horizontal axis of length, time is already full and never needs to be filled. To attend to time's vertical dimension is to tap into the imaginary potential for infinite depth. To switch from linear to fractal time allows us to relax into each moment while keeping in mind the whole.
Variable camshaft timing system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Butterfield, R.P.; Smith, F.R.
1989-09-05
This patent describes an improvement in a variable camshaft timing system for an internal combustion engine having intake and exhaust valves and a camshaft for each of the intake and exhaust valves, an intake sprocket and an exhaust sprocket keyed to their respective camshaft, only one of the camshafts being directly driven by an engine crankshaft, and a timing chain engaging both sprockets. The improvement comprising a single bracket carrying at least one idler sprocket engaging the timing chain, the bracket being mounted for movement to alter the timing relationship between the intake and exhaust sprockets.
Minguzzi, E.
2010-09-01
Every time function on spacetime gives a (continuous) total preordering of the spacetime events which respects the notion of causal precedence. The problem of the existence of a (semi-)time function on spacetime and the problem of recovering the causal structure starting from the set of time functions are studied. It is pointed out that these problems have an analog in the field of microeconomics known as utility theory. In a chronological spacetime the semi-time functions correspond to the utilities for the chronological relation, while in a K-causal (stably causal) spacetime the time functions correspond to the utilities for the K + relation (Seifert’s relation). By exploiting this analogy, we are able to import some mathematical results, most notably Peleg’s and Levin’s theorems, to the spacetime framework. As a consequence, we prove that a K-causal (i.e. stably causal) spacetime admits a time function and that the time or temporal functions can be used to recover the K + (or Seifert) relation which indeed turns out to be the intersection of the time or temporal orderings. This result tells us in which circumstances it is possible to recover the chronological or causal relation starting from the set of time or temporal functions allowed by the spacetime. Moreover, it is proved that a chronological spacetime in which the closure of the causal relation is transitive (for instance a reflective spacetime) admits a semi-time function. Along the way a new proof avoiding smoothing techniques is given that the existence of a time function implies stable causality, and a new short proof of the equivalence between K-causality and stable causality is given which takes advantage of Levin’s theorem and smoothing techniques.
Time Here, Time There, Time Everywhere: Teaching Young Children Time through Daily Routine
Lee, Joohi; Lee, Joo Ok; Fox, Jill
2009-01-01
According to Piaget, 5- or 6-year-old children gradually acquire the concept of time based on events (Piaget, 1969). In his experiment of investigating children's time concepts, Piaget found that children of these ages were able to place pictures based on sequential events with some errors; the younger children made more errors. The National…
Zielinski, Theresa Julia; Brooks, David W.; Crippen, Kent J.; March, Joe L.
2001-06-01
Time management is an important issue for teachers and students. This article discusses teachers' use of time from the perspective of curriculum and instruction. Average high school students spend fewer than 5 hours per week in outside-of-class study; average college students spend about 20 hours. Procrastination, often viewed in a negative light by teachers, usually pays off so well for college students that seniors become better at it than freshmen. Three suggestions for designing instruction are: test early and often; do not waste the best students' time in an effort to improve overall performance; and use engaging activities that motivate students to give of their time. The impact of computers on curricula is a double-edged sword. Time must be devoted to teaching the use of applications, but the programs reduce busywork. Will this turn out to be a simple tradeoff, or will the programs make us much more efficient so that less time is required? Will computer programs ultimately lead to an expanded criterion for expertise, thus demanding even more time to become an expert? These issues are described and suggestions for controlling time during instruction are provided.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Øhrstrøm, Peter
2011-01-01
Some very good arguments can be given in favor of the Augustinean wisdom, according to which it is impossible to provide a satisfactory definition of the concept of time. However, even in the absence of a proper definition, it is possible to deal with conceptual problems regarding time. It can be...
Vatakis, A.; Allman, M.
2015-01-01
Time Distortions in Mind brings together current research on temporal processing in clinical populations to elucidate the interdependence between perturbations in timing and disturbances in the mind and brain. For the student, the scientist, and the stepping-stone for further research.
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Madsen, Mogens Ove
2016-01-01
GLS Shackle got much and the crucial inspiration from John Maynard Keynes. But that’s not all. He took a number of further consequences of Keynes’ thoughts. This implies for example ideal claims to economists — having to deal with both mechanical time and expectational time. In consequence the idea...
... the breast for longer periods of time. Frequent nursing for growth spurts is temporary. After a few days, your milk supply will increase to provide enough milk at each feeding. Then your baby will eat less often and for shorter periods of time.
Olden, G.D.J. van; Vugt, A.B. van; Biert, J.; Goris, R.J.A.
2003-01-01
Documenting the timing and organisation of trauma resuscitation can be utilised to assess performance standards, and to ensure a high quality of trauma resuscitation procedures. Since there is no European literature available on trauma resuscitation time (TRT) in the emergency room, the aim of this
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Dalsgård, Anne Line
2017-01-01
in the neighbourhood, as credit credit cards are locked in a punctuated time, where dates are crucial. Using an episode that I happened to be part of as point of departure, I argue that decepção is the estrangement experienced, when a moment of trust is thrown back upon you, distorted by the process of time....
... Look Like? How Can Caregivers Create a Safe Sleep Environment? Babies Need Tummy Time! FAQs Myths and Facts Printer-Friendly Email Page Skip sharing on social media links Babies Need Tummy Time! Page Content Tummy ...
Time management and procrastination
van Eerde, W.; Mumford, M.D.; Frese, M.
2015-01-01
This chapter combines the topics time management and procrastination. Time management is an overarching term derived from popular notions on how to be effective at work. Procrastination has been mainly researched from a personality perspective, addressing the emotional and psychological issues of
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Knud Smed
2000-01-01
Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems.......Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems....
Cao, Ming; Morse, A. Stephen
Dwell-time switching is a logic for orchestrating the switching between controllers in a family of candidate controllers in order to control a process with a highly uncertain model. An analysis is given of dwell-time switching which is appropriate to a variety of control problems in which the class
Pickover, Clifford A.
1999-09-01
"Bucky Fuller thought big," Wired magazine recently noted, "Arthur C. Clarke thinks big, but Cliff Pickover outdoes them both." In his newest book, Cliff Pickover outdoes even himself, probing a mystery that has baffled mystics, philosophers, and scientists throughout history--What is the nature of time?In Time: A Traveler's Guide , Pickover takes readers to the forefront of science as he illuminates the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe--time itself. Is time travel possible? Is time real? Does it flow in one direction only? Does it have a beginning and an end? What is eternity? Pickover's book offers a stimulating blend of Chopin, philosophy, Einstein, and modern physics, spiced with diverting side-trips to such topics as the history of clocks, the nature of free will, and the reason gold glitters. Numerous diagrams ensure readers will have no trouble following along.By the time we finish this book, we understand a wide variety of scientific concepts pertaining to time. And most important, we will understand that time travel is, indeed, possible.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
UNHCR
2002-07-01
Full Text Available A real-time evaluation (RTE is a timely, rapid andinteractive review of a fast evolving humanitarianoperation undertaken at an early phase. Its broadobjectives are to gauge the effectiveness and impactof a given UNHCR response and to ensure that itsfindings are used as an immediate catalyst fororganisational and operational change.
Sander, H.H.
1960-08-30
The travel time of a nuclear shock wave from its point of origin to a location can be determined accurately by an apparatus for noting and comparably recording both zerotime, as indicated by the electromagnetic transient associated with the nuclear detonation, and shock wave arrival time.
van Ommeren, J.N.; Rietveld, P.
2005-01-01
We examine the conditions for the 'commuting time paradox' which states that the average commuting time does not vary between different periods. We develop therefore an equilibrium job search model with endogenously chosen commuting costs. Presuming wage bargaining between workers and firms, the
Transition path time distributions
Laleman, M.; Carlon, E.; Orland, H.
2017-12-01
Biomolecular folding, at least in simple systems, can be described as a two state transition in a free energy landscape with two deep wells separated by a high barrier. Transition paths are the short part of the trajectories that cross the barrier. Average transition path times and, recently, their full probability distribution have been measured for several biomolecular systems, e.g., in the folding of nucleic acids or proteins. Motivated by these experiments, we have calculated the full transition path time distribution for a single stochastic particle crossing a parabolic barrier, including inertial terms which were neglected in previous studies. These terms influence the short time scale dynamics of a stochastic system and can be of experimental relevance in view of the short duration of transition paths. We derive the full transition path time distribution as well as the average transition path times and discuss the similarities and differences with the high friction limit.
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Davis, Lee N.; Davis, Jerome D.; Hoisl, Karin
2013-01-01
This paper studies the contextual factors that influence whether invention occurs during work time or leisure time. Leisure time invention, a potentially important but thus far largely unexplored source of employee creativity, refers to invention where the main underlying idea occurs while...... the employee is away from the workplace. We build on existing theory in the fields of organizational creativity and knowledge recombination, especially work relating context to creativity. The paper’s main theoretical contribution is to extend our understanding of the boundaries of employee creativity...... by adding to the discussion of how access to and exploitation of different types of resources—during work hours or during leisure time — may affect creativity. Based on survey data from more than 3,000 inventions from German employee inventors, we find that leisure time inventions are more frequently...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Murakami, Kyoko
2012-01-01
This article is a continuous dialogue on memory triggered by Brockmeier’s (2010) article. I drift away from the conventionalization of the archive as a spatial metaphor for memory in order to consider the greater possibility of “time” for conceptualizing memory. The concept of time is central...... to understanding the nature of human experience as a process in which a constant flux of change in organism, cultural and social practices is observed. Two categories of time have been explored, firstly the Aristotelian, physical time for an experimental paradigm, and secondly, the way in which we experience time...... in terms of autobiographical memory. The second category of time is discussed, drawing on Augustine and Bergson amongst others. Bergson’s notion of duration has been considered as a promising concept for a better understanding of autobiographical memory. Psychological phenomena such as autobiographical...
Gino, Francesca; Mogilner, Cassie
2014-02-01
Money, a resource that absorbs much daily attention, seems to be involved in much unethical behavior, which suggests that money itself may corrupt. This research examined a way to offset such potentially deleterious effects-by focusing on time, a resource that tends to receive less attention than money but is equally ubiquitous in daily life. Across four experiments, we examined whether shifting focus onto time can salvage individuals' ethicality. We found that implicitly activating the construct of time, rather than money, leads individuals to behave more ethically by cheating less. We further found that priming time reduces cheating by making people reflect on who they are. Implications for the use of time primes in discouraging dishonesty are discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oleg Svatos
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper we analyze complexity of time limits we can find especially in regulated processes of public administration. First we review the most popular process modeling languages. There is defined an example scenario based on the current Czech legislature which is then captured in discussed process modeling languages. Analysis shows that the contemporary process modeling languages support capturing of the time limit only partially. This causes troubles to analysts and unnecessary complexity of the models. Upon unsatisfying results of the contemporary process modeling languages we analyze the complexity of the time limits in greater detail and outline lifecycles of a time limit using the multiple dynamic generalizations pattern. As an alternative to the popular process modeling languages there is presented PSD process modeling language, which supports the defined lifecycles of a time limit natively and therefore allows keeping the models simple and easy to understand.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carajilescov, Pedro; Moreira, Joao M.L., E-mail: pedro.carajilescov@ufabc.edu.b, E-mail: joao.moreira@ufabc.edu.b [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Center of Engineering, Modeling and Applied Social Sciences
2011-07-01
The cost of electricity generated by nuclear power is greatly affected by the capital cost, which is dependent on the construction time of the plant. This work analyses the construction time of PWRs in several countries with different market structure and licensing experience. Countries which succeeded to establish a more collaborative environment among utilities, constructors, regulators, and energy planners through effective partnerships were able to build PWRs in shorter times. The construction time in Germany, France and Russia was around 80 months and in Japan, about 60 months. The envelope of 95% of the cases includes a range between 50 and 250 months of construction time. The evaluations show that construction time of PWRs has been longer for countries that did not hold the technology to build their own reactors, and depended on contracts with foreign suppliers. The nominal power of the reactors was considered a measure of plant size, technology complexity and standardization. Countries with standardized reactor designs (France, Japan and Russia) were able to build plants in shorter times. (author)
Time Asymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arno R. Bohm
2011-09-01
Full Text Available The meaning of time asymmetry in quantum physics is discussed. On the basis of a mathematical theorem, the Stone-von Neumann theorem, the solutions of the dynamical equations, the Schrödinger equation (1 for states or the Heisenberg equation (6a for observables are given by a unitary group. Dirac kets require the concept of a RHS (rigged Hilbert space of Schwartz functions; for this kind of RHS a mathematical theorem also leads to time symmetric group evolution. Scattering theory suggests to distinguish mathematically between states (defined by a preparation apparatus and observables (defined by a registration apparatus (detector. If one requires that scattering resonances of width Γ and exponentially decaying states of lifetime τ=h/Γ should be the same physical entities (for which there is sufficient evidence one is led to a pair of RHS's of Hardy functions and connected with it, to a semigroup time evolution t_0≤t<∞, with the puzzling result that there is a quantum mechanical beginning of time, just like the big bang time for the universe, when it was a quantum system. The decay of quasi-stable particles is used to illustrate this quantum mechanical time asymmetry. From the analysis of these processes, we show that the properties of rigged Hilbert spaces of Hardy functions are suitable for a formulation of time asymmetry in quantum mechanics.
Eisemann, Elmar; Assarsson, Ulf; Wimmer, Michael
2011-01-01
Important elements of games, movies, and other computer-generated content, shadows are crucial for enhancing realism and providing important visual cues. In recent years, there have been notable improvements in visual quality and speed, making high-quality realistic real-time shadows a reachable goal. Real-Time Shadows is a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of real-time shadow techniques. It covers a large variety of different effects, including hard, soft, volumetric, and semi-transparent shadows.The book explains the basics as well as many advanced aspects related to the domain
Stupar, Sandra
2017-01-01
One of the most important questions concerning the foundations of physics, especially since the discovery of relativity and quantum theory, is the nature and role of time. In this book we bring together researchers from different areas of physics, mathematics, computer science and philosophy to discuss the role time plays in physics. There have been few books on this topic to date, and two of the key aims of the workshop and this book are to encourage more researchers to explore this area, and to pique students’ interest in the different roles time plays in physics.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Behrmann, Gerd; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand; Rasmussen, Jacob Illum
2004-01-01
This contribution reports on the considerable effort made recently towards extending and applying well-established timed automata technology to optimal scheduling and planning problems. The effort of the authors in this direction has to a large extent been carried out as part of the European...... projects VHS [22] and AMETIST [17] and are available in the recently released UPPAAL CORA [12], a variant of the real-time verification tool UPPAAL [20,5] specialized for cost-optimal reachability for the extended model of priced timed automata....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Moskowitz, Tobias J.; Ooi, Yao Hua; Heje Pedersen, Lasse
2012-01-01
We document significant “time series momentum” in equity index, currency, commodity, and bond futures for each of the 58 liquid instruments we consider. We find persistence in returns for one to 12 months that partially reverses over longer horizons, consistent with sentiment theories of initial...... under-reaction and delayed over-reaction. A diversified portfolio of time series momentum strategies across all asset classes delivers substantial abnormal returns with little exposure to standard asset pricing factors and performs best during extreme markets. Examining the trading activities...... of speculators and hedgers, we find that speculators profit from time series momentum at the expense of hedgers....
Galay, Karma
2008-01-01
The study of time use in different Bhutanese regions presents a wide array of information related to public policy issues. For instance it was found that rural people spend quite a substantial amount of time on travel and commute as well as waiting for services to be delivered. This amounts to a waste of people's precious time since they are not able to work in their farms during such days. Such information could be very useful to our policy makers involved in planning rural roads and transpo...
Baird, William; Secrest, Jeffery; Padgett, Clifford; Johnson, Wayne; Hagrelius, Claire
2016-09-01
Using the Sun to tell time is an ancient idea, but we can take advantage of modern technology to bring it into the 21st century for students in astronomy, physics, or physical science classes. We have employed smartphones, Google Earth, and 3D printing to find the moment of local noon at two widely separated locations. By reviewing GPS time-stamped photos from each place, we are able to illustrate that local noon is longitude-dependent and therefore explain the need for time zones.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
David, A.; Larsen, K.G.; Legay, A.
2015-01-01
A specification theory combines notions of specifications and implementations with a satisfaction relation, a refinement relation, and a set of operators supporting stepwise design. We develop a specification framework for real-time systems using Timed I/O Automata as the specification formalism......, with the semantics expressed in terms of Timed I/O Transition Systems. We provide constructs for refinement, consistency checking, logical and structural composition, and quotient of specifications-all indispensable ingredients of a compositional design methodology. The theory is implemented in the new tool Ecdar...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christiansen, Steen Ledet
Time travel films necessarily fragment linear narratives, as scenes are revisited with differences from the first time we saw it. Popular films such as Back to the Future mine comedy from these visitations, but there are many different approaches. One extreme is Chris Marker's La Jetée - a film...... made almost completely of still images, recounting the end of the world. These stills can be viewed as fragments that have survived the end of the world and now provide the only access to the events that occured. Shane Carruth's Primer has a different approach to time travel, the narrative diegesis...
Epidemiological Methods: About Time
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Helena Chmura Kraemer
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Epidemiological studies often produce false positive results due to use of statistical approaches that either ignore or distort time. The three time-related issues of focus in this discussion are: (1 cross-sectional vs. cohort studies, (2 statistical significance vs. public health significance, and (3, how risk factors "work together" to impact public health significance. The issue of time should be central to all thinking in epidemiology research, affecting sampling, measurement, design, analysis and, perhaps most important, the interpretation of results that might influence clinical and public-health decision-making and subsequent clinical research.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nancy J. Knauer
2013-09-01
Full Text Available This paper engages the unspoken fourth dimension of intersectionality—time. Using the construction of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT identities as an example, it establishes that identity, as it is lived and experienced, is not only multivalent, but also historically contingent. It then raises a number of points regarding the temporal locality of identity—the influence of time on issues of identity and understanding, its implications for legal interventions, social movement building, and paradigms of progressive change. As the title suggests, the paper asks us to consider the frame of identity over time.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kulezić-Wilson Danijela
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Comparative analysis of linear, non-linear and multiple temporal dimensions in music and film reveals that the understanding and utilisation of time in these two arts reflect not only the aesthetic inclinations of its creators and their subjective experiences of temporality but also their philosophical views and, sometimes, spiritual beliefs. Viewed in the context of contemporary theories about Time, particularly Shallis' interpretation of different temporalities as symbolic of various levels of reality and J. T. Fraser's concept of time as a hierarchical nest of different temporalities or Umwelts, the results of this comparison lead to the conclusion that the time in which music and film unfold belongs to a separate, artificial Umwelt of its own - art-temporality.
Lippmann, C
2013-01-01
The Time Projection Chamber (TPC) is the main device in the ALICE 'central barrel' for the tracking and identification (PID) of charged particles. It has to cope with unprecedented densities of charges particles.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Atkin, Andrew J; Ekelund, Ulf; Møller, Niels Christian
2013-01-01
, 800, 1100 counts-per-minute) and non-wear criteria (10-, 20-, 60-, 100-min consecutive zeros). Adiposity was assessed by sum of four skin-fold thickness measures. A clustered metabolic risk score was calculated as the mean of standardised metabolic syndrome components, including blood pressure......, insulin resistance, and inverted fasting HDL-cholesterol. Analyses were conducted using multi-level cross-sectional time-series regression, adjusted for overall physical activity (accelerometer counts per minute). Meta-analysis was used to obtain pooled estimates of the exposure-outcome association over...... on associations of sedentary time with adiposity and clustered metabolic risk. METHODS: Data were from the European Youth Heart Study, which included assessment of sedentary time by accelerometer. Sixteen sedentary time variables were constructed based upon combinations of frequently used cut-points (100, 500...
... your daily exercise goal. Kicking it into high gear. If your activity sessions are vigorous, you only ... 24, 2016. No time for exercise? Try our top 10 tips to get more! American Heart Association. ...
Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.
1994-01-01
A rather simple and non-technical exposition of our new approach to {\\em Time, Quantum Physics, Black-Hole dynamics}, and {\\em Cosmology}, based on non-critical string theory, is provided. A new fundamental principle, the {\\em Procrustean Principle}, that catches the essence of our approach is postulated: the low-energy world is {\\em unavoidably} an ``open" system due to the spontaneous truncation of the {\\em delocalized, topological} string modes in continuous interaction with the low-lying-{\\em localized} string modes. The origin of space-time, the expansion of the Universe, the entropy increase and accompanied irreversibility of time, as well as the collapse of the wavefunction are all very neatly tied together. Possible observable consequences include: quantum relaxation with time of the Universal, fundamental constants, like the velocity of light c and the Planck constant \\hbar decreasing towards their asymptotic values, and the cosmological constant \\Lambda_C diminishing towards zero; possible violation...
... is a perfect time to enjoy fruits and vegetables children need for optimal health. Try fresh seasonal fruit alone or in cereal, add frozen fruits to yogurt or toss chopped vegetables into an omelet. Pack your breakfast to go. ...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David A. Winkler
2015-12-01
Full Text Available As Einstein identified so clearly, space and time are intimately related. We discuss the relationship between time and Euclidean space using spectroscopic and radioastronomical studies of interstellar chemistry as an example. Given the finite speed of light, we are clearly studying chemical reactions occurring tens of thousands of years ago that may elucidate the primordial chemistry of this planet several billion years ago. We also explore space of a different kind – chemical space, with many more dimensions than the four we associate as space–time. Vast chemical spaces also need very efficient (computational methods for their exploration to overcome this ‘curse of dimensionality’. We discuss methods by which the time to explore these new spaces can be very substantially reduced, opening the discovery useful new materials that are the key to our future.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Center for Human Reliability Studies
2007-05-01
The purpose of this monograph is to provide information on drug retention times in the human body. The information provided is based on plausible illegal drug use activities that might be engaged in by a recreational drug user.
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Kulezic-Wilson, Danijela
2008-01-01
Comparative analysis of linear, non-linear and multiple temporal dimensions in music and film reveals that the understanding and utilisation of time in these two arts reflect not only the aesthetic...
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Agnes Shanley
2017-01-01
.... Working with T-Systems, a vendor of private cloud hosting, the companies are developing a proof of concept that would use blockchain-based smart contracts, with Roambee offering real-time product...
CMS Collaboration
2014-01-01
The CMS electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL) is made of about 75000 scintillating lead tungstate crystals arranged in a barrel and two endcaps. The scintillation light is read out by avalanche photodiodes in the barrel and vacuum phototriodes in the endcaps, at which point the scintillation pulse is amplified and sampled at 40 MHz by the on-detector electronics. The fast signal from the crystal scintillation enables energy as well as timing measurements from the data collected in proton-proton collisions with high energy electrons and photons. The stability of the timing measurement required to maintain the energy resolution is on the order of 1ns. The single-channel time resolution of ECAL measured at beam tests for high energy showers is better than 100 ps. The timing resolution achieved with the data collected in proton-proton collisions at the LHC is presented.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Katrine Remmen
? These are research questions Katrine Dirckinck - Holmfeld explores in the artistic research project Time in the Making: Rehearsing Reparative Critical Practices. Through the development of video installations Leap into Colour (20 12 - 2015) and movement (2012) and in dialogue with the work of artists Rania & Raed...... Rafei, Julie Ault and the cabaret Metro Al Madina in Beirut, Time in the Making investigates how to shift Sedgwick’s concept of the reparative practice from a hermeneutic reading practice to artistic practices and an image in itself. Time in the Making articulates an understanding of the reparative...... as artistic practices that style new forms of subjectivity through a complex engagement with affect, materiality and time. The Ph D project contributes to the “reparative turn” in queer feminist scholarship (Robyn Wiegman) by interweaving reparative critical practices with artistic research, as an emerging...
Schirmer, Annett
2011-01-01
Experimental evidence suggests that emotions can both speed-up and slow-down the internal clock. Speeding up has been observed for to-be-timed emotional stimuli that have the capacity to sustain attention, whereas slowing down has been observed for to-be-timed neutral stimuli that are presented in the context of emotional distractors. These effects have been explained by mechanisms that involve changes in bodily arousal, attention, or sentience. A review of these mechanisms suggests both merits and difficulties in the explanation of the emotion-timing link. Therefore, a hybrid mechanism involving stimulus-specific sentient representations is proposed as a candidate for mediating emotional influences on time. According to this proposal, emotional events enhance sentient representations, which in turn support temporal estimates. Emotional stimuli with a larger share in ones sentience are then perceived as longer than neutral stimuli with a smaller share.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Uzelac Nikola
2004-01-01
Full Text Available Time dimension of marketing has got its place in literature. For example, the time is basic independent variable in widely accepted concepts of product life cycle and diffusion of innovation. In addition, efforts have been made to bring this issue to the theoretic basis of the discipline. But, some important areas are still under researched, or even disregarded. Moreover, projects directed at investigation of the real behavior of marketing managers are rare, and in normative sense very few options have been advocated. This particularly pertains to the issues of time horizon, durability of relations with customers, timeliness of decision-making, and time allocation by managers and customers. In this regard, the literature of strategic management contains solutions which might be useful, and the ideas of some authors from marketing deserve support.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Annett eSchirmer
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Experimental evidence suggests that emotions can both speed-up and slow-down the internal clock. Speeding-up has been observed for to-be-timed emotional stimuli that have the capacity to sustain attention, whereas slowing-down has been observed for to-be-timed neutral stimuli that are presented in the context of emotional distractors. These effects have been explained by mechanisms that involve changes in bodily arousal, attention or sentience. A review of these mechanisms suggests both merits and difficulties in the explanation of the emotion-timing link. Therefore, a hybrid mechanism involving stimulus-specific sentient representations is proposed as a candidate for mediating emotional influences on time. According to this proposal, emotional events enhance sentient representations, which in turn support temporal estimates. Emotional stimuli with a larger share in ones sentience are then perceived as longer than neutral stimuli with a smaller share.
Multivariate Time Series Search
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Multivariate Time-Series (MTS) are ubiquitous, and are generated in areas as disparate as sensor recordings in aerospace systems, music and video streams, medical...
Time-predictable architectures
Rochange, Christine; Uhrig , Sascha
2014-01-01
Building computers that can be used to design embedded real-time systems is the subject of this title. Real-time embedded software requires increasingly higher performances. The authors therefore consider processors that implement advanced mechanisms such as pipelining, out-of-order execution, branch prediction, cache memories, multi-threading, multicorearchitectures, etc. The authors of this book investigate the timepredictability of such schemes.
Žarnić, Berislav
2016-01-01
In this paper the minimal theory of temporal order has been defined and axiomatically presented. The concept of time captured by the minimal theory has been termed ‘basic time’. The concept of basic time has been divided into four types with respect to criteria of uniqueness and totality of temporal order. The exemplar scientific concepts corresponding to the three of four types have been found in the history of ideas (Newton, Kant, Einstein) and classified (strong temporal monism, weak tempo...
LEADERSHIP AND TIME MANAGEMENT
Nikezic, Srdan; BATAVELJIC2 Dragan; NIKEZIC Stefan; BATAVELJIC Branka
2014-01-01
When it comes to resources, it is primarily referred to material and financial and rarely human. It is assumed that human resources are used in the right way that their involvement, measured in time and intensity, is properly set to goals and tasks. Practice, unfortunately disproves this assumption. Employees spend too much time for unnecessary and low-priority activities, not realizing that the implementation of certain, key activities the requirement for achieving the ...
Dorner, Reinhard
2014-05-01
We will discuss experimental studies of ICD in van der Vaals dimers of rare gas atoms and small molecules using the COLTRIMS technique. The talk will cover ICD after resonant Auger excitation (Nature 505, 664 (2014)) and two studies unveiling the time dependence of ICD in the energy (PRL 111, 233004 (2013)) and in the time domain (PRL 111, 093401 (2013)). A new technique to make ultrafast movies without the use of short pulses will be discussed.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hisdal, H.; Holmqvist, E.; Hyvärinen, V.
Awareness that emission of greenhouse gases will raise the global temperature and change the climate has led to studies trying to identify such changes in long-term climate and hydrologic time series. This report, written by the......Awareness that emission of greenhouse gases will raise the global temperature and change the climate has led to studies trying to identify such changes in long-term climate and hydrologic time series. This report, written by the...
Branes for Higgs phases and exact conformal field theories
Sfetsos, K
1999-01-01
We consider multicenter supergravity solutions corresponding to Higgs phases of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories with Z_N symmetric vacuua. In certain energy regimes, we find a description in terms of a generalized wormhole solution that corresponds to the SL(2,R)/U(1) \\times SU(2)/U(1) exact conformal field theory. We show that U-dualities map these backgrounds to purely gravitational ones and comment on the relation to the black holes arising from intersecting D1 and D5 branes. We also discuss supersymmetric properties of the various solutions and the relation to 2-dim solitons, on flat space, of the reduced axion-dilaton-gravity equations. Finally, we address the problem of understanding other supergravity solutions from the multicenter ones. As prototype examples we use rotating D3 branes and NS5 and D5 branes associated to non-Abelian duals of 4-dim hyper-Kahler metrics with SO(3) isometry.
Thomson, Alex; Sachdev, Subir
2017-06-01
Quantum electrodynamics in 2+1 dimensions (QED3) is a strongly coupled conformal field theory (CFT) of a U(1) gauge field coupled to 2 N two-component massless fermions. The N =2 CFT has been proposed as a ground state of the spin-1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We study QED3 in the presence of weak quenched disorder in its two spatial directions. When the disorder explicitly breaks the fermion flavor symmetry from SU (2 N ) → U(1) × SU (N ) but preserves time-reversal symmetry, we find that the theory flows to a nontrivial fixed line at nonzero disorder with a continuously varying dynamical critical exponent z >1 . We determine the zero-temperature flavor (spin) conductivity along the critical line. Our calculations are performed in the large-N limit, and the disorder is handled using the replica method.
Keeping time - Performing Place
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dvinge, Anne Christine
2012-01-01
Candace Allen’s novel Valaida (2004) illustrates the migratory patterns of early 20th century jazz music and musicians, positing the art form and its performers as “heterotopians”; simultaneously in and outside of the power relations of hegemonic time-space compression, travelling in an alternate...... and performance offers an alternate space, where the radical potential lies in the moment of communication and community, constituting a diasporic practice and heterutopian spaces of sound and time.......Candace Allen’s novel Valaida (2004) illustrates the migratory patterns of early 20th century jazz music and musicians, positing the art form and its performers as “heterotopians”; simultaneously in and outside of the power relations of hegemonic time-space compression, travelling in an alternate...... and reactionary and suggests that the way time is employed in a heterotopic space determines its progressive potential. Spaces of accumulative, static, or frozen time refuse to yield any utopian promise, whereas fluid, dynamic, and ephemeral time offers moments of agency. In the case of Valaida, music...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sylvie Droit-Volet
Full Text Available This study examined the effects of emotion on implicit timing. In the implicit timing task used, the participants did not receive any temporal instructions. Instead they were simply asked and trained to press a key as quickly as possible after a stimulus (response stimulus that was separated from a preceding stimulus by a given temporal interval (reference interval duration. However, in the testing phase, the interval duration was the reference interval duration or a shorter or longer interval duration. In addition, the participants attended two sessions: a first baseline session in which no stimulus was presented during the inter-stimulus intervals, and a second emotional session in which emotional facial expressions (angry, neutral and sad facial expressions were presented during these intervals. Results showed faster RTs for interval durations close to the reference duration in both the baseline and the emotional conditions and yielded a U-shaped curve. This suggests that implicit processing of time persists in emotional contexts. In addition, the RT was faster for the facial expressions of anger than for those of neutrality and sadness. However, the U-shaped RT curve did not peak clearly at a shorter interval duration for the angry than for the other facial expressions. This lack of time distortion in an implicit timing task in response to arousing emotional stimuli questions the idea of an automatic speeding-up of the interval clock system involved in the representation of time.
Droit-Volet, Sylvie
2016-01-01
This study examined the effects of emotion on implicit timing. In the implicit timing task used, the participants did not receive any temporal instructions. Instead they were simply asked and trained to press a key as quickly as possible after a stimulus (response stimulus) that was separated from a preceding stimulus by a given temporal interval (reference interval duration). However, in the testing phase, the interval duration was the reference interval duration or a shorter or longer interval duration. In addition, the participants attended two sessions: a first baseline session in which no stimulus was presented during the inter-stimulus intervals, and a second emotional session in which emotional facial expressions (angry, neutral and sad facial expressions) were presented during these intervals. Results showed faster RTs for interval durations close to the reference duration in both the baseline and the emotional conditions and yielded a U-shaped curve. This suggests that implicit processing of time persists in emotional contexts. In addition, the RT was faster for the facial expressions of anger than for those of neutrality and sadness. However, the U-shaped RT curve did not peak clearly at a shorter interval duration for the angry than for the other facial expressions. This lack of time distortion in an implicit timing task in response to arousing emotional stimuli questions the idea of an automatic speeding-up of the interval clock system involved in the representation of time.
Phantom Space-times in Fake Supergravity
Taam, Maryam Bu; Sabra, Wafic A.
2015-01-01
We discuss phantom metrics admitting Killing spinors in fake N=2 , D=4 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets. The Abelian U(1) gauge fields in the fake theory have kinetic terms with the wrong sign. We solve the Killing spinor equations for the standard and fake theories in a unified fashion by introducing a parameter which distinguishes between the two theories. The solutions found are fully determined in terms of algebraic conditions, the so-called stabilisation equations, in which the ...
Polidoro, B.; Iervolino, I.; Chioccarelli, E.; Giorgio, M.
2012-04-01
Probabilistic seismic hazard is usually computed trough a homogeneous Poisson process that even though it is a time-independent process it is widely used for its very convenient properties. However, when a single fault is of concern and/or the time scale is different from that of the long term, time-dependent processes are required. In this paper, different time-dependent models are reviewed with working examples. In fact, the Paganica fault (in central Italy) has been considered to compute both the probability of occurrence of at least one event in the lifespan of the structure, as well as the seismic hazard expressed in terms of probability of exceedance of an intensity value in a given time frame causing the collapse of the structure. Several models, well known or novel application to engineering hazard have been considered, limitation and issues in their applications are also discussed. The Brownian Passage Time (BPT) model is based on a stochastic modification of the deterministic stick-slip oscillator model for characteristic earthquakes; i.e., based on the addition of random perturbations (a Gaussian white noise) to the deterministic load path predicted by elastic rebound theory. This model assumes that the load state is at some ground level immediately after an event, increases steadly over time, reaches a failure threshold and relaxes instantaneously back to the ground level. For this model also a variable threshold has been considered to take into account the uncertainty of the threshold value. For the slip-predictable model it is assumed that the stress accumulates at a constant rate starting from some initial stress level. Stress is assumed to accumulate for a random period of time until an earthquake occurs. The size of the earthquake is governed by the stress release and it is a function of the elapsed time since the last event. In the time-predictable model stress buildup occurs at a constant rate until the accumulated stress reaches a threshold
SNS Diagnostics Timing Integration
Long, Cary D; Murphy, Darryl J; Pogge, James; Purcell, John D; Sundaram, Madhan
2005-01-01
The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accelerator systems will deliver a 1.0 GeV, 1.4 MW proton beam to a liquid mercury target for neutron scattering research. The accelerator complex consists of a 1 GeV linear accelerator, an accumulator ring and associated transport lines. The SNS diagnostics platform is PC-based running Windows XP Embedded for its OS and LabVIEW as its programming language. Coordinating timing among the various diagnostics instruments with the generation of the beam pulse is a challenging task that we have chosen to divide into three phases. First, timing was derived from VME based systems. In the second phase, described in this paper, timing pulses are generated by an in house designed PCI timing card installed in ten diagnostics PCs. Using fan-out modules, enough triggers were generated for all instruments. This paper describes how the Timing NAD (Network Attached Device) was rapidly developed using our NAD template, LabVIEW's PCI driver wizard, and LabVIEW Channel Access library. The NAD...
Gleick, James
2016-01-01
From the acclaimed author of The Information and Chaos, here is a mind-bending exploration of time travel: its subversive origins, its evolution in literature and science, and its influence on our understanding of time itself. The story begins at the turn of the previous century, with the young H. G. Wells writing and rewriting the fantastic tale that became his first book and an international sensation: The Time Machine. It was an era when a host of forces was converging to transmute the human understanding of time, some philosophical and some technological: the electric telegraph, the steam railroad, the discovery of buried civilizations, and the perfection of clocks. James Gleick tracks the evolution of time travel as an idea that becomes part of contemporary culture—from Marcel Proust to Doctor Who, from Jorge Luis Borges to Woody Allen. He investigates the inevitable looping paradoxes and examines the porous boundary between pulp fiction and modern physics. Finally, he delves into a temporal shift that...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Estrid Sørensen
2007-01-01
Full Text Available While time and space form a classic duality in social science, this article demonstrates a perspective on time, space and materiality as a core trinity. As a prominent figure in contemporary discussions on materiality in the social sciences Science and Technology Studies (STS emphasizes relational approaches. STS however lacks a clear relational definition of materiality and tends instead to focus on the agency of entities, on for instance material agency. The article suggests a relational definition of materiality and notes that this move implies turning the question of the time of materiality into an empirical question. It is argued that relational materiality must be studied spatially, and thus a spatial approach describing patterns of relations is presented. Based on field work in a primary school classroom and computer lab, three materials are analyzed: the blackboard, a bed-loft and an online 3D virtual environment. The empirical descriptions depict three different materialities, and it is shown how time is formed differently in each of them. Time, it is argued, is an emergent and characterizing aspect of materialities as spatial formations. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs070122
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thomas eWidlok
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Cognitive Scientists interested in causal cognition increasingly search for evidence from non-WEIRD people but find only very few cross-cultural studies that specifically target causal cognition. This article suggests how information about causality can be retrieved from ethnographic monographs, specifically from ethnographies that discuss agency and concepts of time. Many apparent cultural differences with regard to causal cognition dissolve when cultural extensions of agency and personhood to non-humans are taken into account. At the same time considerable variability remains when we include notions of time, linearity and sequence. The article focuses on ethnographic case studies from Africa but provides a more general perspective on the role of ethnography in research on the diversity and universality of causal cognition.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Berg Johansen, Christina
2017-01-01
I want to feel the temporalities I am theorizing and writing about. To feel, explore, be moved through, tugged under by my research subject, to not know where my explorations will take me. How does time appear when I take responsibility for it instead of placing it as and with the Other? Can my...... temporal research emerge in symbiotic play with other human and non-human entities? In this essay, I will share how a methodological breakdown opened to me a net of (auto-)ethnographic wo/anderings, dialogical interviews and performative time-laboratories. I do not know where I am headed, but every...... sensuous memory lies in store, waiting for its time....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sandvik, Kjetil; Refslund Christensen, Dorthe
This paper explores relations between ritualized spatiality and the conceptions of time reflected in memorial websites such as the Danish site Mindet.dk, a narrowly framed, socially protective online community in which individuals can perform their grief through design of individual entries...... (‘memories’) for their deceased loved ones and get personal, social support in their mourning processes through communication with other mourners, through mutual appreciation of each other’s postings and through emotional labor reflected on the individual sites. The main focus in this paper is how online...... referred to through accounts of ‘how death occurred’; second, a present time constituted by emotional and social stress and, thirdly, a wishful time or subjunctive mode articulating relational potentialities of these children and inventing memories with them (“I wish you would have lived to….”). We analyze...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Svejvig, Per; Geraldi, Joana; Grex, Sara
Despite the ubiquitous pressure for speed, our approaches to accelerate projects remain constrained to the old-fashioned understanding of the project as a vehicle to deliver products and services, not value. This article explores an attempt to accelerate time to benefit. We describe and deconstruct...... of the time. Although all cases valued speed and speed to benefit, and implemented most practices proposed by the methodology, only three of the five projects were more successful in decreasing time to speed. Based on a multi-case study comparison between these five different projects and their respective...... the implementation of a large intervention undertaken in five project-based organizations in Denmark – the Project Half Double where the same project methodology has been applied in five projects, each of them in five distinct organizations in Denmark, as a bold attempt to realize double the benefit in half...
Time Domain Induced Polarization
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Fiandaca, Gianluca; Auken, Esben; Christiansen, Anders Vest
2012-01-01
Time-domain-induced polarization has significantly broadened its field of reference during the last decade, from mineral exploration to environmental geophysics, e.g., for clay and peat identification and landfill characterization. Though, insufficient modeling tools have hitherto limited the use......%. Furthermore, the presence of low-pass filters in time-domain-induced polarization instruments affects the early times of the acquired decays (typically up to 100 ms) and has to be modeled in the forward response to avoid significant loss of resolution. The developed forward code has been implemented in a 1D...... polarization response when compared to traditional integral chargeability inversion. The quality of the inversion results has been assessed by a complete uncertainty analysis of the model parameters; furthermore, borehole information confirm the outcomes of the field interpretations. With this new accurate...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None, None
2007-05-01
The purpose of this monograph is to provide information on drug retention times in the human body. The information provided is based on plausible illegal drug use activities that might be engaged in by a recreational drug user. Based on anecdotal evidence, most people “party” during extended time away from the work environment. Therefore, the following scenarios were envisioned: (1) a person uses an illicit drug at a party on Saturday night (infrequent user); (2) a person uses a drug one time on Friday night and once again on Saturday night (infrequent user); and (3) a person uses a drug on Friday night, uses a drug twice on Saturday night, and once again on Sunday (frequent user).
Time Discretization Techniques
Gottlieb, S.
2016-10-12
The time discretization of hyperbolic partial differential equations is typically the evolution of a system of ordinary differential equations obtained by spatial discretization of the original problem. Methods for this time evolution include multistep, multistage, or multiderivative methods, as well as a combination of these approaches. The time step constraint is mainly a result of the absolute stability requirement, as well as additional conditions that mimic physical properties of the solution, such as positivity or total variation stability. These conditions may be required for stability when the solution develops shocks or sharp gradients. This chapter contains a review of some of the methods historically used for the evolution of hyperbolic PDEs, as well as cutting edge methods that are now commonly used.
Johansen, Anders
2004-07-01
In a recent preprint (Dialog in e-mail traffic, preprint cond-mat/0304433), the temporal dynamics of an e-mail network has been investigated by Eckmann, Moses and Sergi. Specifically, the time period between an e-mail message and its reply were recorded. It will be shown here that their data agrees quantitatively with the frame work proposed to explain a recent experiment on the response of “internauts” to a news publication (Physica A 296(3-4) (2001) 539) despite differences in communication channels, topics, time-scale and socio-economic characteristics of the two population. This suggest a generalized response time distribution ∼ t-1 for human populations in the absence of deadlines with important implications for psychological and social studies as well the study of dynamical networks.
LHC Phenomenology and Cosmology of String-Inspired Intersecting D-Brane Models
Anchordoqui, Luis A.; Goldberg, Haim; Huang, Xing; Lust, Dieter; Taylor, Tomasz R.; Vlcek, Brian
2012-01-01
We discuss the phenomenology and cosmology of a Standard-like Model inspired by string theory, in which the gauge fields are localized on D-branes wrapping certain compact cycles on an underlying geometry, whose intersection can give rise to chiral fermions. The energy scale associated with string physics is assumed to be near the Planck mass. To develop our program in the simplest way, we work within the construct of a minimal model with gauge-extended sector U (3)_B \\times Sp (1)_L \\times U (1)_{I_R} \\times U (1)_L. The resulting U (1) content gauges the baryon number B, the lepton number L, and a third additional abelian charge I_R which acts as the third isospin component of an SU(2)_R. All mixing angles and gauge couplings are fixed by rotation of the U(1) gauge fields to a basis diagonal in hypercharge Y and in an anomaly free linear combination of I_R and B-L. The anomalous $Z'$ gauge boson obtains a string scale St\\"uckelberg mass via a 4D version of the Green-Schwarz mechanism. To keep the realizatio...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Assis, A.K.T. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil)
2011-07-01
Full text: Isaac Newton (1642-1727) defended in his book Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, also know as Principia, published in 1687, the utilization of absolute time in physics. According to him 'absolute, true, and mathematical time, of itself, and from its own nature, flows equably without relation to anything external'. Leibniz (1646-1716), on the other hand, was against this concept and proposed relative time to replace it: 'As for my opinion, I have said more than once, that I hold space to be something merely relative, as time is; that I hold it to be an order of coexistence, as time is an order of successions'. Leibniz ideas were accepted and developed by Ernst Mach (1838-1916) in his book The Science of Mechanics, published in 1883. In this work we consider the implementation of relational time, as proposed by Leibniz and Mach, and the consequences this implementation will mean for physics as a whole. We consider some specific examples related to mechanics (Newton's bucket experiment, the flattening of the Earth, Foucault's pendulum experiment) and to electromagnetism (Ampere's force between current carrying wires, an electric charge describing a Larmor radius due to a nearby large magnet, two charges orbiting around one another). We generalize these ideas considering the principle of physical proportions (PPP), according to which no absolute magnitudes should appear in the laws of physics. We present some laws satisfying this principle and others which do not comply with it. The laws which do not satisfy the PPP should be based upon incomplete theories. We present the consequences of complete theories complying with this fundamental principle of nature. (author)
Madsen, Henrik
2007-01-01
""In this book the author gives a detailed account of estimation, identification methodologies for univariate and multivariate stationary time-series models. The interesting aspect of this introductory book is that it contains several real data sets and the author made an effort to explain and motivate the methodology with real data. … this introductory book will be interesting and useful not only to undergraduate students in the UK universities but also to statisticians who are keen to learn time-series techniques and keen to apply them. I have no hesitation in recommending the book.""-Journa
Woodward, Wayne A; Elliott, Alan C
2011-01-01
""There is scarcely a standard technique that the reader will find left out … this book is highly recommended for those requiring a ready introduction to applicable methods in time series and serves as a useful resource for pedagogical purposes.""-International Statistical Review (2014), 82""Current time series theory for practice is well summarized in this book.""-Emmanuel Parzen, Texas A&M University""What an extraordinary range of topics covered, all very insightfully. I like [the authors'] innovations very much, such as the AR factor table.""-David Findley, U.S. Census Bureau (retired)""…
Vedavyas
A Multi-disciplinary Research into the Chronologies of Ancient Nations -- like the Vedas of India Rishies, the Chaldeans, Babylonians, Egyptians and the Chinese. Which traces how the "Measurement of Time" -- which began with the observations of sunrise and Sunset, Full-Moons, eclipses, the movement of stars and the Discovery of the Zodiac that starry pathway of sun in his annual Cycle of the 12-Zodiacal months, the Measurement of Time by planetary Cycles the Discovery of Astronomy and Symbolic or Kabalistic Astrology of the Bible's Old Testament; the Epics of Babylonians and 'Cosmic Cycles' of Chaldeans and Egyptians also the Ancient "Four Yugas" or Hindu Vedic Cycles.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ho Woo Lee
2000-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we analyze a production system with a finite feedback buffer and dispatching time. Parts enter a “main buffer” before they are processed. Processed parts leave the system with probability 1−p or are fed back to a “feedback buffer” with probability p. As soon as the feedback buffer becomes full, the parts in the feedback buffer are dispatched, all at once, to the main buffer by the server for reprocessing. The dispatching time follows a general distribution. Thus the server is engaged either in one of the following states: idle, processing, dispatching.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Øhrstrøm, Peter
2009-01-01
This paper deals with A.N. Prior's analysis of the concepts of dynamic and static time, i.e. McTaggart's so-called A- and B-concepts. The relations and mutual dependencies between these temporal concepts are investigated, and Prior's response to McTaggart's views is discussed. Futhermore, Prior......'s notion of branching time is analysed. It is argued that Prior can be criticized for identifying 'plain future'. Finally, Prior's four grades of tense-logical involvement are introduced and discussed. It is argued that the third grade is the most attractive form a philosophical point of view....
Fowler, William R.
1989-01-01
Reading for pleasure and enlightenment is a critical, and endangered, element in a well-informed citizenry. As a basis for intellectual growth, reading is threatened by media misuse and lack of encouragement of recreational reading. Solutions include emphasis on integrated skills, improved time allocation, and cooperation among parents, teachers,…
DELPHI time projection chamber
1989-01-01
The time projection chamber is inserted inside the central detector of the DELPHI experiment. Gas is ionised in the chamber as a charged particle passes through, producing an electric signal from which the path of the particle can be found. DELPHI, which ran from 1989 to 2000 on the LEP accelerator, was primarily concerned with particle identification.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 15; Issue 2. Swinging in Imaginary Time - More on the Not-So-Simple Pendulum. Cihan Saclioglu. General Article Volume 15 Issue 2 February 2010 pp 104-115. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:
Improving Hospital Discharge Time
El-Eid, Ghada R.; Kaddoum, Roland; Tamim, Hani; Hitti, Eveline A.
2015-01-01
Abstract Delays in discharging patients can impact hospital and emergency department (ED) throughput. The discharge process is complex and involves setting specific challenges that limit generalizability of solutions. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of using Six Sigma methods to improve the patient discharge process. This is a quantitative pre and post-intervention study. Three hundred and eighty-six bed tertiary care hospital. A series of Six Sigma driven interventions over a 10-month period. The primary outcome was discharge time (time from discharge order to patient leaving the room). Secondary outcome measures included percent of patients whose discharge order was written before noon, percent of patients leaving the room by noon, hospital length of stay (LOS), and LOS of admitted ED patients. Discharge time decreased by 22.7% from 2.2 hours during the preintervention period to 1.7 hours post-intervention (P discharge. Hospital LOS dropped from 3.4 to 3.1 days postintervention (P hospital was significantly lower in the postintervention period (6.9 ± 7.8 vs 5.9 ± 7.7 hours; P discharge time. The focus of institutions aspiring to tackle delays in the discharge process should be on adopting the core principles of Six Sigma rather than specific interventions that may be institution-specific. PMID:25816029
Lombardi, Michael A; Novick, Andrew N; Lopez R, J Mauricio; Jimenez, Francisco; de Carlos Lopez, Eduardo; Boulanger, Jean-Simon; Pelletier, Raymond; de Carvalho, Ricardo J; Solis, Raul; Sanchez, Harold; Quevedo, Carlos Andres; Pascoe, Gregory; Perez, Daniel; Bances, Eduardo; Trigo, Leonardo; Masi, Victor; Postigo, Henry; Questelles, Anthony; Gittens, Anselm
2011-01-01
The Sistema Interamericano de Metrologia (SIM) is a regional metrology organization (RMO) whose members are the national metrology institutes (NMIs) located in the 34 nations of the Organization of American States (OAS). The SIM/OAS region extends throughout North, Central, and South America and the Caribbean Islands. About half of the SIM NMIs maintain national standards of time and frequency and must participate in international comparisons in order to establish metrological traceability to the International System (SI) of units. The SIM time network (SIMTN) was developed as a practical, cost effective, and technically sound way to automate these comparisons. The SIMTN continuously compares the time standards of SIM NMIs and produces measurement results in near real-time by utilizing the Internet and the Global Positioning System (GPS). Fifteen SIM NMIs have joined the network as of December 2010. This paper provides a brief overview of SIM and a technical description of the SIMTN. It presents international comparison results and examines the measurement uncertainties. It also discusses the metrological benefits that the network provides to its participants.