Supersymmetric flipped SU(5) revitalized
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, I.; Ellis, J.; Hagelin, J.S.; Nanopoulos, D.V.
1987-08-06
We describe a simple N = 1 supersymmetric GUT based on the group SU(5) x U(1) which has the following virtues: the gauge group is broken down to the SU(3)/sub C/ x SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1)/sub y/ of the standard model using just 10, 10 Higgs representations, and the doublet-triplet mass splitting problem is solved naturally by a very simple missing-partner mechanism. The successful supersymmetric GUT prediction for sin/sup 2/theta/sub w/ can be maintained, whilst there are no fermion mass relations. The gauge group and representation structure of the model may be obtainable from the superstring.
String threshold corrections and flipped SU(5)
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Antoniadis, I. (Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de Physique Theorique, 91 - Palaiseau (France) Theory Div., CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)); Ellis, J. (Theory Div., CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)); Lacaze, R. (Service de Physique Theorique, CEN-Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)); Nanopoulos, D.V. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Dept. of Physics, Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, HARC, The Woodlands, TX (United States) Theory Div., CERN, Geneva (Switzerland))
1991-10-10
We revise previous calculations of the effective unification scale m{sub SU} at which the extrapolated low-energy gauge couplings should appear to become equal, and we show explicitly how to calculate m{sub SU} in the fermionic construction of four-dimensional strings. In the case of the flipped SU(5) GUT derived from the string, the SU(5) and U(1) couplings defined in the anti Danti R scheme become equal to g{sub SU} at m{sub SU} {approx equal} 1.76 x g{sub SU} x 10{sup 18} GeV. This scale is significantly larger than m{sub GUT}, the scale at which the low-energy SU(3) and SU(2) couplings become equal if extrapolated using the renormalization group equations of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. The existence of an intermediate SU(5) x U(1) phase could have an observable effect on the calculated value of sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub w}. (orig.).
SU(5) monopoles, magnetic symmetry and confinement
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Daniel, M.; Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
1980-01-01
The monopoles of the unified SU(5) gauge theory broken down to Hsub(E) = SU(3)sub(c) x U(1)sub(EM) [or to Ksub(E) = SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2) x U(1)sub(γ)], are classified. They belong to representations of a magnetic group Hsub(M)(Ksub(M)), which is found to be isomorphic to Hsub(E)(Ksub(E)). For SU(5) broken down to Hsub(E), there exists a regular and stable monopole which is a colour magnetic triplet, and carries a non-zero abelian magnetic charge. It is suggested that composite operators made out of this monopole and its antiparticle fields develop a non-zero vacuum expectation value, and so lead to a squeezing of the colour electric flux. Finally, we comment on the cosmological production of SU(5) monopoles. (orig.)
Broken SU(5) x SU(5) chiral symmetry and the classification of B mesons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hatzis, M.
1984-01-01
We consider broken SU(5) x SU(5) chiral summetry and we assume that the vacuum is SU(5)-symmetric. Using the observed mass spectrum of pseudoscalar mesons, and setting the bu mass in the range 5.2 +- 0.06 GeV, we predict the masses of bs, bc, and etasub(b) states as well as axial current couplings fsub(i)/fsub(π). SU(5) x SU(5) is found to be consistent with SU(4) x SU(4) breaking. The problem of eta - eta' - eta sub(c) - eta sub(b) mixing is also discussed
Classification of three-family grand unification in string theory. II. The SU(5) and SU(6) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kakushadze, Z.; Tye, S.H.
1997-01-01
Requiring that supersymmetric SU(5) and SU(6) grand unifications in the heterotic string theory must have three chiral families, adjoint (or higher representation) Higgs fields in the grand unified gauge group, and a non-Abelian hidden sector, we construct such string models within the framework of free conformal field theory and asymmetric orbifolds. Within this framework, we construct all such string models via Z 6 asymmetric orbifolds that include a Z 3 outerautomorphism, the latter yielding a level-three current algebra for the grand unification gauge group SU(5) or SU(6). We then classify all such Z 6 asymmetric orbifolds that result in models with a non-Abelian hidden sector. All models classified in this paper have only one adjoint (but no other higher representation) Higgs field in the grand unified gauge group. This Higgs field is neutral under all other gauge symmetries. The list of hidden sectors for three-family SU(6) string models are SU(2), SU(3), and SU(2)circle-times SU(2). In addition to these, three-family SU(5) string models can also have an SU(4) hidden sector. Some of the models have an apparent anomalous U(1) gauge symmetry. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Coherent states related with SU(N) and SU(N,1) groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gitman, D.M.; Shelepin, A.L.
1990-01-01
The basis of coherent state (CS) for symmetric presentations of groups SU(N) and SU(N,1) is plotted, its properties being investigated. Evolution of CS is considered. Relation between CS of groups SU(N) and Glauber is ascertained
Distinguishing between SU(5) and flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dorsner, Ilja [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Fileviez Perez, Pavel [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy) and Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Facultad de Fisica, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile)]. E-mail: fileviez@higgs.fis.puc.cl
2005-01-13
We study in detail the d=6 operators for proton decay in the two possible matter unification scenarios based on SU(5) gauge symmetry. We investigate the way to distinguish between these two scenarios. The dependence of the branching ratios for the two body decays on the fermion mixing is presented in both cases. We point out the possibility to make a clear test of flipped SU(5) through the decay channel p->{pi}{sup +}{nu}-bar , and the ratio {tau}(p->K{sup 0}e{sub {alpha}}{sup +})/{tau}(p->{pi}{sup 0}e{sub {alpha}}{sup +})
Flipped SU(5) times U(1) in superconformal models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bailin, D.; Katechou, E.K. (Sussex Univ., Brighton (United Kingdom). School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences); Love, A. (London Univ. (United Kingdom))
1992-01-10
This paper reports that flipped SU(5) {times} U(1) models are constructed in the framework of tensoring of N = 2 superconformal minimal models quotiented by discrete symmetries. Spontaneous breaking of flipped SU(5) {times} U(1) and extra U(1) factors in the gauge group along F-flat directions of the effective potential is studied.
Radiative gauge symmetry breaking in supersymmetric flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drees, M.
1988-05-19
The radiative breaking of the SU(5)xU(1) symmetry in the flipped SU(5) model recently proposed by Antoniadis et al. is studied using renormalization group techniques. It is shown that gaugino masses can only be the dominant source of supersymmetry breaking at the Planck scale if the U(1) gaugino mass M/sub 1/ is at least 10 times larger than the SU(5) gaugino mass M/sub 5/. If M/sub 1/ approx. = M/sub 5/ at the Planck scale, non-vanishing trilinear soft breaking terms ('A-terms') are needed already at the Planck scale. In both cases consequences for the sparticle spectrum at the weak scale are discussed.
SU(5)c color model constraints from UA2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Foot, R.; Hernandez, O.F.; Rizzo, T.G.; Ames Lab., IA; Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames
1991-01-01
We investigate the possibility that the color gauge group SU(3) may arise as a consequence of the spontaneous symmetry breaking of SU(5) c . In an earlier paper we examine the constraints imposed on the SU(5) c color model by recent measurements of the dijet mass distribution at CDF. We found that the CDF data did not exclude any region of parameter space in the model. Here we consider similar data from UA2 and find that it leads to the constraint Msub(Z') > or approx. 280 GeV. (orig.)
Some comments on flipped SU(5) times U(1) and flipped unification in general
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barr, S.M. (Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (US))
1989-10-01
A general group-theoretical discussion of flipped embeddings is given. In addition to the well-known flipped SU(5) and flipped SO(10), the existence of flipped E{sub 6} and E{sub 7} is shown, as well as several families and special cases of flipped embeddings. A possible physical reason, essentially based on the group theory of flipped embeddings, why nature prefers the low-energy group SU(3){times}SU(2){times}U(1) to alternatives such as SU(4){times}U(1) and SU(5) is pointed out.
Some comments on flipped SU(5)xU(1) and flipped unification in general
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barr, S.M.
1989-01-01
A general group-theoretical discussion of flipped embeddings is given. In addition to the well-known flipped SU(5) and flipped SO(10), the existence of flipped E 6 and E 7 is shown, as well as several families and special cases of flipped embeddings. A possible physical reason, essentially based on the group theory of flipped embeddings, why nature prefers the low-energy group SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1) to alternatives such as SU(4)xU(1) and SU(5) is pointed out
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Giveon, A.; Sarid, U.; Hall, L.J.; California Univ., Berkeley, CA
1991-01-01
Model-independent criteria for unification in the SU(5) framework are studied. These are applied to the minimal supersymmetric standard model and to the standard model with a split 45 Higgs representation. Although the former is consistent with SU(5) unification, the superpartner masses can vary over a wide range, and may even all lie well beyond the reach of planned colliders. Adding a split 45 to the standard model can also satisfy the unification criteria, so supersymmetric SU(5) is far from unique. Furthermore, we learn that separate Higgs doublets must couple to the top and bottom quarks in order to give a correct m b /m τ prediction. (orig.)
Remarks on broken chiral SU(5) x SU(5) symmetry and B mesons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, D.Y.; Sinha, S.N.
1985-01-01
In a recent paper, Hatzis has estimated the masses and weak decay constants of b-flavored pseudoscalar mesons in a broken chiral SU(5) x SU(5) symmetry method. The estimated weak decay constant of B meson, f sub(B) f sub(K)(f sub(B)/f sub(K) approximately equal to 1.4) evaluated by Mathur et al. with the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) sum-rule model. We re-examined the problem applying the broken chiral SU(5) x SU(5) symmetry approach using a set of mass formulae. With this method we estimate the symmetry-breaking parameters and decay constants of pseudoscalar mesons. We found a consistent result for the decay constant: f sub(K) < or approximately equal to f sub(D) < or approximately equal to f sub(B). The explicit numerical value of these constants, however, are lower than that of the QCD sum rule. This may be due to the limited validity of the broken chiral symmetry approach for heavy mesons
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Ahl Laamara
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Using finite discrete group characters and symmetry breaking by hyperflux as well as constraints on top-quark family, we study minimal low energy effective theory following from SU5×D4 models embedded in F-theory with non-abelian flux. Matter curves spectrum of the models is obtained from SU5×S5 theory with monodromy S5 by performing two breakings: first from symmetric group S5 to S4 subsymmetry, and next to dihedral D4 subgroup. As a consequence, and depending on the ways of decomposing triplets of S4, we end with three types of D4-models. Explicit constructions of these theories are given and a MSSM-like spectrum is derived.
Intersecting Branes Flip SU(5)
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Ellis, John
2002-01-01
Within a toroidal orbifold framework, we exhibit intersecting brane-world constructions of flipped SU(5) \\times U(1) GUT models with various numbers of generations, other chiral matter representations and Higgs representations. We exhibit orientifold constructions with integer winding numbers that yield 8 or more conventional SU(5) generations, and orbifold constructions with fractional winding numbers that yield flipped SU(5) \\times U(1) models with just 3 conventional generations. Some of these models have candidates for the 5 and {\\bar 5} Higgs representations needed for electroweak symmetry breaking, but not for the 10 and {\\bar 10} representations needed for GUT symmetry breaking, or vice-versa.
Nonperturbative flipped SU(5) vacua in heterotic M-theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Faraggi, Alon E. E-mail: faraggi@thphys.ox.ac.uk; Garavuso, Richard E-mail: garavuso@thphys.ox.ac.uk; Isidro, Jose M. E-mail: isidro@thphys.ox.ac.uk
2002-10-07
The evidence for neutrino masses in atmospheric and solar neutrino experiments provides further support for the embedding of the Standard Model fermions in the chiral 16 SO(10) representation. Such an embedding is afforded by the realistic free fermionic heterotic-string models. In this paper we advance the study of these string models toward a nonperturbative analysis by generalizing the work of Donagi, Pantev, Ovrut and Waldram from the case of G=SU(2n+1) to G=SU(2n) stable holomorphic vector bundles on elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds with fundamental group Z{sub 2}. We demonstrate existence of G=SU(4) solutions with three generations and SO(10) observable gauge group over Hirzebruch base surface, whereas we show that certain classes of del Pezzo base surface do not admit such solutions. The SO(10) symmetry is broken to SU(5)xU(1) by a Wilson line. The overlap with the realistic free fermionic heterotic-string models is discussed.
Flipped SU(5) from Z{sub 12-I} orbifold with Wilson line
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Jihn E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: jekim@phyp.snu.ac.kr; Kyae, Bumseok [School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, 207-43 Cheongryangri-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: bkyae@kias.re.kr
2007-05-14
We construct a three family flipped SU(5) model from the heterotic string theory compactified on the Z{sub 12-I} orbifold with one Wilson line. The gauge group is SU(5)xU(1){sub X}xU(1){sup 3}x[SU(2)xSO(10)xU(1){sup 2}]{sup '}. This model does not derive any non-Abelian group except SU(5) from E{sub 8}, which is possible only for two cases in case of one shift V, one in Z{sub 12-I} and the other in Z{sub 12-II}. We present all possible Yukawa couplings. We place the third quark family in the twisted sectors and two light quark families in the untwisted sector. From the Yukawa couplings, the model provides the R-parity, the doublet-triplet splitting, and one pair of Higgs doublets. It is also shown that quark and lepton mixings are possible. So far we have not encountered a serious phenomenological problem. There exist vector-like flavor SU(5) exotics (including Q{sub em}=+/-16 color exotics and Q{sub em}=+/-12 electromagnetic exotics) and SU(5) vector-like singlet exotics with Q{sub em}=+/-12 which can be removed near the GUT scale. In this model, sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub W}{sup 0}=38 at the full unification scale.
Unifying flipped SU(5) in five dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barr, S.M.; Dorsner, Ilja
2002-01-01
It is shown that embedding a four-dimensional flipped SU(5) model in a five-dimensional SO(10) model preserves the best features of both flipped SU(5) and SO(10). The missing partner mechanism, which naturally achieves both doublet-triplet splitting and suppression of d=5 proton decay operators, is realized as in flipped SU(5), while the gauge couplings are unified as in SO(10). The masses of down quarks and charged leptons, which are independent in flipped SU(5), are related by the SO(10). Distinctive patterns of quark and lepton masses can result. The gaugino mass M 1 is independent of M 3 and M 2 , which are predicted to be equal
Asymptotically free SU(5) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kogan, Ya.I.; Ter-Martirosyan, K.A.; Zhelonkin, A.V.
1981-01-01
The behaviour of Yukawa and Higgs effective charges of the minimal SU(5) unification model is investigated. The model includes ν=3 (or more, up to ν=7) generations of quarks and leptons and, in addition, the 24-plet of heavy fermions. A number of solutions of the renorm-group equations are found, which reproduce the known data about quarks and leptons and, due to a special choice of the coupling constants at the unification point are asymptotically free in all charges. The requirement of the asymptotical freedom leads to some restrictions on the masses of particles and on their mixing angles [ru
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nanopoulos, D.V.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison,
1988-01-01
Flipped SU(5) possesses some unique features as a grand unified theory: elegant missing partner mechanism, see-saw neutrino masses, no Higgs adjoints. This last property makes flipped SU(5) the only known grand unified theory derivable from 4-dimensional superstrings. When derived from the superstrings, flipped SU(5) possesses, in addition a hierarchical fermion mass spectrum. All these recent developments involving flipped SU(5) are discussed in a detailed but simple way, including phenomenological consequences at low energies
Factoriality of representations of the group of paths on SU(n)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Albeverio, S.
We prove factoriality in the cyclic component of the vacuum for the energy representation of SU(n)-valued paths groups. The main tool is a lemma concerning generic pairs of Cartan subalgebras in the Lie algebra su(n) of SU(n) groups. (orig.)
Dynamical symmetry breakdown in SU(5) and SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shellard, R.C.
1983-09-01
Some restrictions imposed upon Grand Unified Theories by dynamical symmetry breakdown are examined. It is observed in particular, that theories with SU(5) as symmetry group, with 3 or more fermion families undergo dynamical symmetry breakdown, and some of the fermions will acquire mass at the Grand Unified scale. On the other hand, the SO(10) group, with 3 families is free from this problem. (Author) [pt
Restrictions on SU(5) as a grand unified theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shellard, R.C.
1984-01-01
Some restrictions imposed upon Grand Unified Theories by dynamical symetry breakdown are examined. They are shown that, in particular, theories SU(5) as symmetry group, with 3 or more fermion families undergo dynamical symmetry breakdown, and some of the fermions will acquire mass at the Grand Unified scale. On the other hand, the SO(10) group, with 3 families is free from this problem. (Author) [pt
Vector-like quarks and leptons, SU(5) ⊗ SU(5) grand unification, and proton decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Chang-Hun; Mohapatra, Rabindra N.
2017-01-01
SU(5) ⊗ SU(5) provides a minimal grand unification scheme for fermions and gauge forces if there are vector-like quarks and leptons in nature. We explore the gauge coupling unification in a non-supersymmetric model of this type, and study its implications for proton decay. The properties of vector-like quarks and intermediate scales that emerge from coupling unification play a central role in suppressing proton decay. We find that in this model, the familiar decay mode p→e + π 0 may have a partial lifetime within the reach of currently planned experiments.
Neutrino masses in the SU(5) x (lower case x) SU(5)' mirror symmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Collie, M.; Foot, R.
1998-02-01
Motivated by the atmospheric and solar neutrino anomalies, we study neutrino masses in a parity invariant SU(5) x SU(5)' grand unified model. Two distinct ways of incorporating neutrino masses into this model are envisaged. One way involves adding a gauge singlet fermion to each generation. The other way, is to extend the scalar sector. This possibility suggests that photon - mirror photon kinetic mixing is non-zero since is generated radiatively. It is argued that the kinetic mixing is such models may well be close to the experimental limit
Semidirect product gauge group [SU(3)cxSU(2)L]xU(1)Y and quantization of hypercharge
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hattori, Chuichiro; Matsunaga, Mamoru; Matsuoka, Takeo
2011-01-01
In the standard model the hypercharges of quarks and leptons are not determined by the gauge group SU(3) c xSU(2) L xU(1) Y alone. We show that, if we choose the semidirect product group [SU(3) c xSU(2) L ]xU(1) Y as its gauge group, the hyperchages are settled to be n/6 mod Z(n=0,1,3,4). In addition, the conditions for gauge-anomaly cancellation give strong constraints. As a result, the ratios of the hypercharges are uniquely determined and the gravitational anomaly is automatically canceled. The standard charge assignment to quarks and leptons can be properly reproduced. For exotic matter fields their hypercharges are also discussed.
Symmetry breaking in a five-dimensional SU(5) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Svetovoi, V.B.; Khariton, N.G.
1986-01-01
Two-state symmetry breaking in a SU(5) model in a space with M 4 x S 1 topology is discussed. The scalar 24-plet is a component of a five-vector and acquires a nonzero vacuum expectation value at the quantum level. The vacuum differs substantially from that of the standard SU(5) model. Its orientation in the SU(5) space and absolute magnitude are fixed uniquely. The second stage of the symmetry breaking occurs on account of a five-scalar in the fundamental representation of SU(5) by means of the Weinberg mechanism. The small mass of the scalar SU(2) doublet is not explained
Poincare group, SU(3) and V-A in leptonic decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Boehm, A.
1975-07-01
From as few assumptions as possible about the relations between the Poincare group, the particle classifying SU(3) and V-A we derive properties of the K/sub l 3 / and K/sub L 2 / decays. From the assumed relation between SU(3) and the Poincare group and the first class condition it follows that the formfactor ratio Xi of K/sub l 3 / decay is Xi = --0.57, and that a value of Xi = 0 is in disagreement with very general and well accepted theoretical assumptions. Assuming universality of V-A, the Cabibbo suppression is derived from the relations between SU(3) and V-A as a consequence of the brokenness of SU(3). (U.S.)
Neutrino masses in the flipped SU(5) x U(1) and the SU(4) x O(4) GUT models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ranfone, S.; Papageorgiu, E.
1992-03-01
We classify the different neutrino-mass pattern arising in string-inspired Grand Universal Theory (GUT) and supersymmetric GUT models based on the flipped SU(5)xU(1) and the SU(4)xO(4) gauge groups. Phenomenologically interesting spectra are obtained through the interplay of the two seesaw mechanisms present, with typical neutrino masses {approx}10{sup -3} eV in the supersymmetric GUT models and of order 0.1 - 10 KeV in the ordinary GUTs. (author).
Neutrino masses in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) and the SU(4)xO(4) GUT models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Papageorgiu, E.; Ranfone, S. (Rutherford Appleton Lab., Chilton (United Kingdom))
1992-05-21
We classify the different neutrino-mass patterns arising in string-inspired GUT and supersymmetric GUT models based on the flipped SU(5)xU(1) and the SU(4)xO(4) gauge groups. Phenomenologically interesting spectra are obtained through the interplay of the two seesaw mechanisms present, with typical neutrino masses {proportional to}10{sup -3} eV in the supersymmetric GUT models and of order 0.1-10 keV in the ordinary GUTs. (orig.).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pan Feng
1991-01-01
VCS representations of SO 5 contains SU 2 + SU 2 contains U 1 + U 1 and SO 5 contains U 1 + U 1 are discussed. Reduced matrix elements for SO 5 contains SU 2 + SU 2 are derived. The multiplicity of a weight for SO 5 is determined by using the K-matrix technique
Flipped SU(5) predicts {delta}T/T
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kyae, Bumseok [School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, 207-43, Cheongnyangni-Dong, Dongdaemun-Gu, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: bkyae@kias.re.kr; Shafi, Qaisar [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)]. E-mail: shafi@bartol.udel.edu
2006-04-20
We discuss hybrid inflation in supersymmetric flipped SU(5) model such that the cosmic microwave anisotropy {delta}T/T is essentially proportional to (M/M{sub P}){sup 2}, where M denotes the symmetry breaking scale and M{sub P} (=2.4x10{sup 18} GeV) is the reduced Planck mass. The magnitude of M determined from {delta}T/T measurements can be consistent with the value inferred from the evolution of SU(3) and SU(2) gauge couplings. In other words, one could state that flipped SU(5) predicts (more precisely 'postdicts') {delta}T/T. The scalar spectral index n{sub s}=0.993+/-0.007, the scalar to tensor ratio satisfies r-bar 10{sup -6}, while dn{sub s}/dlnk-bar 4x10{sup -4}.
New Higgs Inflation in a No-Scale Supersymmetric SU(5) GUT
Ellis, John; Xianyu, Zhong-Zhi
2015-01-01
Higgs inflation is attractive because it identifies the inflaton with the electroweak Higgs boson. In this work, we construct a new class of supersymmetric Higgs inflationary models in the no-scale supergravity with an SU(5) GUT group. Extending the no-scale Kahler potential and SU(5) GUT superpotential, we derive a generic potential for Higgs inflation that includes the quadratic monomial potential and a Starobinsky-type potential as special limits. This type of models can accommodate a wide range of the tensor-to-scalar ratio $r = O(10^{-3}-10^{-1})$, as well as a scalar spectral index $n_s \\sim 0.96$.
Three particle Poincare states and SU(6) x SU(3) as a classification group for baryons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buccella, F.; Sciarrino, A.; Sorba, P.
1975-05-01
A complete set of democratic quantum numbers is introduced to classify the states of an irreducible unitary representation (IUR) of the Poincare group obtained from the decomposition of the direct products of three I.U.R. Such states are identified with the baryon states constituted of three free relativistic quarks. The transformation from current to constituent quarks is then easily reobtained. Moreover, the group SU(6) x SU(3) appears naturally as a collinear classification group for baryons. Results similar to those of the symmetric harmonic oscillator quark model are obtained [fr
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lipkin, H.J.
1980-09-01
Quark-lepton unification is examined without assuming higher symmetries on more general gauge theories. In particular, properties are sought which are generally attributed to SU(5) models which are already present without the assumption of SU(5)
The search for a realistic flipped SU(5) string model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez, J.L. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, TX (United States)); Nanopoulos, D.V. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, TX (United States)); Yuan, K. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))
1993-07-05
We present an extensive search for a class of flipped SU(5) models built within the free fermionic formulation of the heterotic string. We describe a set of algorithms which constitute the basis for a computer program capable of generating systematically the massless spectrum and the superpotential of all possible models within the class we consider. Our search through the huge parameter space to be explored is simplified considerably by the constraint of N=1 spacetime supersymmetry and the need for extra Q, anti Q representations beyond the standard ones in order to possibly achieve string gauge coupling unification at scales of O(10[sup 18] GeV). Our results are remarkably simple and evidence the large degree of redundancy in this kind of constructions. We find one model with gauge group SU(5)xU(1)sub(Y tilde)xSO(10)[sub h]xSU(4)[sub h]xU(1)[sup 5] and fairly acceptable phenomenological properties. We study the D- and F-flatness constraints and the symmetry breaking pattern in this model and conclude that string gauge coupling unification is quite possible. (orig.)
White dwarf axions, PAMELA data, and flipped-SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bae, Kyu Jung [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Huh, Ji-Haeng [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: jhhuh@phya.snu.ac.kr; Kim, Jihn E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: jekim@ctp.snu.ac.kr; Kyae, Bumseok [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: bskyae@gmail.com; Viollier, Raoul D. [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa)
2009-08-11
Recently, there are two hints arising from physics beyond the standard model. One is a possible energy loss mechanism due to emission of very weakly interacting light particles from white dwarf stars, with a coupling strength {approx}0.7x10{sup -13}, and another is the high energy positrons observed by the PAMELA satellite experiment. We construct a supersymmetric flipped-SU(5) model, SU(5)xU(1){sub X} with appropriate additional symmetries, [U(1){sub H}]{sub gauge}x[U(1){sub R}xU(1){sub {gamma}}]{sub global}xZ{sub 2}, such that these are explained by a very light electrophilic axion of mass 0.5 meV from the spontaneously broken U(1){sub {gamma}} and two component cold dark matters from Z{sub 2} parity. We show that in the flipped-SU(5) there exists a basic mechanism for allowing excess positrons through the charged SU(5) singlet leptons, but not allowing antiproton excess due to the absence of the SU(5) singlet quarks. We show the discovery potential of the charged SU(5) singlet E at the LHC experiments by observing the electron and positron spectrum. With these symmetries, we also comment on the mass hierarchy between the top and bottom quarks.
More flipped SU(5) x U(1) baryosynthesis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, J.; Hagelin, J.S.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Olive, K.A.
1988-06-30
We supplement a previous discussion of baryosynthesis in flipped SU(5)xU(1) GUTs by including (1) the large incoherent field energy density which is likely when SU(5) is broken, and (2) the possibility of additional Higgs triplet fields suggested by four-dimensional string model-building. We consider strong (weak) reheating scenarios in which the Universe is (is not) SU(5) symmetric after inflation. We find an adequate baryon asymmetry subsequent to strong reheating, whatever the number of Higgs triplets (although beware of possible difficulties with quasi-stable relic particles), whereas weak reheating requires at least two Higgs triplets.
Phase structure of the SU(5) Coleman-Weinberg theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tkachev, I.I.
1984-01-01
The phase structure of the SU(5) Coleman-Weinberg theory in the one-loop approximation is obtained with account of temperature and space-time curvature. We show that the most essential contribution is that from the interaction between 5 and 24 scalar fields which reflects the existence of two strongly different mass scales in the model. A stability boundary of the SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) phase is found. It is shown that the SU(4) x U(1) phase in the Coleman-Weinberg theory is unstable. (orig.)
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Walker, J; Ellis, John
2002-01-01
Minimal supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs are being squeezed by the recent values of alpha_s, sin^2 theta_W, the lower limit on the lifetime for p to nubar K decay, and other experimental data. We show how the minimal flipped SU(5) GUT survives these perils, accommodating the experimental values of alpha_s and sin^2 theta_W and other constraints, while yielding a p to e/mu+ pi0 lifetime beyond the present experimental limit but potentially accessible to a further round of experiments. We exemplify our analysis using a set of benchmark supersymmetric scenarios proposed recently in a constrained MSSM framework.
Introduction to unified theories of weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions - SU(5)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Billoire, Alain; Morel, Andre.
1980-11-01
These notes correspond to a series of lectures given at Salay during winter 1979-1980. They are meant to be an introduction to the so-called grand unified theories of weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions. In a first part, we recall in a very elementary way the standard SU(2) model of electroweak interactions, putting the emphasis on the questions which are left open by this model and which unified theories help to answer. In part II, we explain in a systematic way how unified theories can be constructed, and develop the SU(5) model in great detail. Other models, like SO(10) and E 6 , are not presented, because SU(5) is the simplest one and has been subject to the deepest investigations up to now. Also it appears that most concepts and general results are not specific to any particular symmetry group [fr
Higgs Mass Textures in Flipped SU(5)
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Rizos, J; Ellis, John
1999-01-01
We analyze the Higgs doublet-triplet mass splitting problem in the version of flipped SU(5) derived from string theory. Analyzing non-renormalizable terms up to tenth order in the superpotential, we identify a pattern of field vev's that keeps one pair of electroweak Higgs doublets light, while all other Higgs doublets and all Higgs triplets are kept heavy, with the aid of the economical missing-doublet mechanism found in the field-theoretical version of flipped SU(5). The solution predicts that second-generation charge -1/3 quarks and charged leptons are much lighter than those in the third generation.
A supersymmetric flipped SU(5) intersecting brane world
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, C.-M. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: cchen@physics.tamu.edu; Kraniotis, G.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: kraniotis@physics.tamu.edu; Mayes, V.E. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: eric@physics.tamu.edu (and others)
2005-03-31
We construct an N=1 supersymmetric three-family flipped SU(5) model from type IIA orientifolds on T{sup 6}/(Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2}) with D6-branes intersecting at general angles. The spectrum contains a complete grand unified and electroweak Higgs sector. In addition, it contains extra exotic matter both in bi-fundamental and vector-like representations as well as two copies of matter in the symmetric representation of SU(5)
Present status of SU(5)-based grand unifications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ahmad, S.M.W.
1990-10-01
This paper is a brief communique on the Georgi-Glashow SU(5) paper: Unity of all Elementary Forces, published in 1974; and the other more important papers based on SU(5) or linked with the Georgi-Glashow paper which was welcomed by many a theoretical physicist as a great step. At the end of the paper, a concise review of the experiments (in operation) and the proposed ones is given. (author). 22 refs
Is neutralino dark matter compatible with flipped SU(5) models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McDonald, J.
1989-07-13
We consider the possibility that the lightest supersymmetric particle in flipped SUSY SU(5)xU(1) models is cosmologically stable and corresponds to a neutralino. Previous studies of dark matter in flipped SUSY SU(5) models have suggested that the decay of the oscillations of the SU(5) breaking scalar field would result in too many neutralinos, if they are stable. We show that it is possible for an acceptable density of neutralinos to occur in the case where the neutralino corresponds to a light photino, if the temperature at the end of the oscillation dominated period is
Flipped and unflipped SU(5) as type IIA flux vacua
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen Chingming [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Li Tianjun [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States) and Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)]. E-mail: tjli@physics.rutgers.edu; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States); Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece)
2006-09-04
On type IIA orientifolds with flux compactifications in supersymmetric AdS vacua, we for the first time construct SU(5) models with three anti-symmetric 10 representations and without symmetric 15 representations. We show that all the pairs of the anti-fundamental 5-bar and fundamental 5 representations can obtain GUT/string-scale vector-like masses after the additional gauge symmetry breaking via supersymmetry preserving Higgs mechanism. Then we have exact three 5-bar , and no other chiral exotic particles that are charged under SU(5) due to the non-Abelian anomaly free condition. Moreover, we can break the SU(5) gauge symmetry down to the SM gauge symmetry via D6-brane splitting, and solve the doublet-triplet splitting problem. Assuming that the extra one (or several) pair(s) of Higgs doublets and adjoint particles obtain GUT/string-scale masses via high-dimensional operators, we only have the MSSM in the observable sector below the GUT scale. Then the observed low energy gauge couplings can be generated via RGE running if we choose the suitable grand unified gauge coupling by adjusting the string scale. Furthermore, we construct the first flipped SU(5) model with exact three 10, and the first flipped SU(5) model in which all the Yukawa couplings are allowed by the global U(1) symmetries.
The flipped SU(5)xU(1) string model revamped
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, I.; Ellis, J.; Hagelin, J.S.; Nanopoulos, D.V. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland))
1989-11-02
We present a refined version of our three-generation flipped SU(5)xU(1) string model with the following properties. The complete massless spectrum is derived and shown to be free of all gauge and mixed anomalies apart from a single anomalous U(1). The imaginary part of the dilaton supermultiplet is eaten by the anomalous U(1) gauge boson, and the corresponding D-term is cancelled by large VEVs for singlet fields that break surplus U(1) gauge factors, leaving a supersymmetric vacuum with an SU(5)xU(1) visible gauge group and an SO(10)xSO(6) hidden gauge group. There are sufficient Higgs multiplets to break the visible gauge symmetry down to the standard model in an essentially unique way. All trilinear superpotential couplings have been calculated and there are in particular some giving m{sub t}, m{sub b}, m{sub tau}ne0. A renormalization group analysis shows that m{sub t}<190 GeV and m{sub b}{approx equal}3m{sub tau}. Light Higgs doublets are split automatically from heavy Higgs triplets, leaving no residual dimension-five operators for baryon decay, and the baryon lifetime tau{sub B} {approx equal} 2x10{sup 34{plus minus}2} yr. There are no tree-level flavour-changing neutral currents, but muyieldsegamma may occur at a detectable level: B(muyieldsegamma){proportional to} 10{sup -11}-10{sup -14}. (orig.).
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E.; Weiglein, G. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C.; Buchmueller, O.; Citron, M.; Richards, A.; De Vries, K.J. [Imperial College, High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, London (United Kingdom); Sakurai, K. [University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Department of Physics, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham (United Kingdom); University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland); Borsato, M.; Chobanova, V.; Lucio, M.; Martinez Santos, D. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); University of Illinois at Chicago, Physics Department, Chicago, IL (United States); Roeck, A. de [CERN, Experimental Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland); Antwerp University, Wilrijk (Belgium); Dolan, M.J. [University of Melbourne, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, Parkville (Australia); Ellis, J.R. [King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Flaecher, H. [University of Bristol, H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Bristol (United Kingdom); Heinemeyer, S. [Campus of International Excellence UAM+CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Isidori, G. [Universitaet Zuerich, Physik-Institut, Zurich (Switzerland); Olive, K.A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2017-02-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has seven parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R} - χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub τ} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC. (orig.)
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Blackett Lab.; Sakurai, K. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomonology; Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Collaboration: MasterCode Collaboration; and others
2016-10-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and avour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets+E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R}-χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub T} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC.
Avoiding the secondary magnetic monopole problem in the inflation theories: The 75 of SU(5)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, C.W.; Kim, J.E.; Kim, J.S.
1985-01-01
A class of inflation models suffer from the secondary monopole problem which cannot be diluted by inflation. Using the Coleman-Weinberg potential for the 75-dimensional representation of SU(5), we suggest a group theoretical way to avoid the problem. It is shown that the vacuum, when released from the origin, starts to evolve and roll down along the Sp(4) . U(1) direction. It is noticed that the 75 provides an option for the vacuum to roll down to the SU(3) . SU(2) . U(1) vacuum without causing the secondary cosmological monopole problem. (orig.)
Likelihood Analysis of Supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Bagnaschi, E.
2017-01-01
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\\mathbf{5}$ and $\\mathbf{\\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\\tan \\beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringi...
Three-generation flipped SU(5) string models on orbifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burwick, T.T. (Zurich Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik); Kaiser, R.K.; Mueller, H.F. (ETH-Hoenggerberg, Zurich (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik)
1991-09-16
We construct four-dimensional twisted string models on non-prime orbifolds which have as gauge group flipped SU(5) with a phenomenologically interesting matter spectrum of k generations plus (k-3) antigenerations. Using generalized selection rules for Yukawa couplings on non-prime orbifolds, we analyse one model in greater detail and obtain the following phenomenologically promising features: We find one pair of H and anti H GUT Higgs fields which break the GUT gauge group into the standard model, and in addition generate large mass terms for the unwanted triplet parts of the standard model Higgs fields, plus one pair of standard model Higgs fields. Moreover, we obtain couplings of the standard model Higgs to quark and lepton fields in all families. (orig.).
Generalization of trinification to theories with 3N SU(3) gauge groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carone, Christopher D.
2005-01-01
We consider a natural generalization of trinification to theories with 3N SU(3) gauge groups. These theories have a simple moose representation and a gauge boson spectrum that can be interpreted via the deconstruction of a 5D theory with unified symmetry broken on a boundary. Although the matter and Higgs sectors of the theory have no simple extra-dimensional analog, gauge unification retains features characteristic of the 5D theory. We determine possible assignments of the matter and Higgs fields to unified multiplets and present theories that are viable alternatives to minimal trinified GUTs
Baryon number generation in a flipped SU(5) x U(1) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campbell, B.; Hagelin, J.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Olive, K.A.
1988-01-01
We consider the possibilities for generating a baryon asymmetry in the early universe in a flipped SU(5) x U(1) model inspired by the superstring. Depending on the temperature of the radiation background after inflation we can distinguish between two scenarios for baryogenesis: (1) After reheating the original SU(5) x U(1) symmetry is restored, or there was no inflation at all; (2) reheating after inflation is rather weak and SU(5) x U(1) is broken. In either case the asymmetry is generated by the out-of-equilibrium decays of a massive SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) singlet field φ m . In the flipped SU(5) x U(1) model, gauge symmetry breaking is triggered by strong coupling phenomena, and is in general accompanied by the production of entropy. We examine constraints on the reheating temperature and the strong coupling scale in each of the scenarios. (orig.)
SU(5) x U(1) phenomenology: Theorems on neutral-current analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zee, A.; Kim, J.E.
1980-01-01
We embed the SU(5) unified theory of Georgi and Glashow in a U(5) theory. This may result from the breaking of an SU(N), N>5, theory or of a GL(5,c) theory. At low energy this leads to an SU(2) x U(1) x U(1) electroweak theory. We show that, with a suitable choice of Higgs representations, the predictions of this theory for neutral-current experiments are characterized by three parameters. For appropriate values of these parameters, the predictions are practically indistinguishable from the standard SU(2) x U(1) theory. Certain theorems on the analysis of neutral-current interactions are proved. (Section V is independent for readers who are interested only in the theorems.) More accurate neutral-current measurement might answer the question of whether SU(5) x U(1) is relevant. Possible verification of the present electroweak theory can result from (roughly) an order suppression relative to the standard prediction on the asymmetries in e + e - → μ + μ - and discovery of two Z bosons around 90 --100 GeV. GL(n,c) gauge theories are formulated in the Appendix
The phase transition in the SU(5) model at high temperatures
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Daniel, M.; Vayonakis, C.E.
1981-01-01
Within the minimum GUT model we have studied the nature of the fluctuation-induced transition between the SU(5) and the SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2) x U(1) phase which occurs at high temperatures. Our analysis is limited to the case when the phase transition occurs outside the critical (fluctuation-dominated) region. For this to happen the SU(5) model has to be in a mode analogous to the type I superconductor. This corresponds to having the scalar quartic couplings in the Higgs sector less than the squared gauge coupling. For generic values of the coupling constants the phase transition is found to be weakly first order. As we approach the boundaries for the region of the SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2) x U(1) phase, however, a strong first-order transition occurs. The SU(5) mode (analogous to the type II superconductor) when the phase transition occurs inside the fluctuation-dominated region has been recently studied by Ginsparg. His results together with ours show that there is a continuous merging of the type I mode into the type II mode. Finally our analysis elucidates some aspects of the monopole problem in grand unified theories. (orig.)
Embeddings of SU/sup c/3 in unifying gauge groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Slansky, R.
1978-01-01
Hypothetical models that attempt to unify electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions into a simple, compact gauge group G are discussed. The problem of embedding the strong group SU 3 /sup c/ in any larger simple group is solved, and a complete classification of theories where the color in some representation is restricted to 1/sup c/, 3/sup c/, and anti 3/sup c/ is given
Proton decay in non-minimal SU(5) GUTs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rudaz, S.
1984-01-01
We first give an overview of the minimal SU(5) GUT, outlining its successes and failures: we argue that in view of the failure of this theory to reproduce correctly light quark and lepton mass ratios, the lack of experimental evidence for the decay mode p → e + π 0 is hardly surprising. We then consider non-minimal extensions of the basic SU(5) model, with or without supersymmetry, which give rise to quite different hierarchies of nucleon decay modes. These considerations serve to emphasize the importance of ''broad band'' searches for proton decay in all possible modes in the next generation of experiments. 31 refs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hueffel, H.
1982-01-01
By exhibiting the relationship between the full SU(5) theory in the unitary gauge and the underlying Higgs-Goldstone system in the t'Hooft-Feynman gauge the high energy limits of amplitudes (involving gauge and Higgs bosons) can be calculated easily. As an application tree unitarity bounds on Higgs parameters and masses are discussed. (Author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim Il Kang
1986-01-01
On the basis of semi-simple gauge group G=SU(18) L x SU(18) R the unified theory of strong, weak and electromagnetic fields is constructed, and it is shown that the Weinberg angle and the energy of unification are in good agreement with the experimental values. (author)
Particle-hole excitations in the interacting boson model; 4, the U(5)-SU(3) coupling
De Coster, C; Heyde, Kris L G; Jolie, J; Lehmann, H; Wood, J L
1999-01-01
In the extended interacting boson model (EIBM) both particle- and hole-like bosons are incorporated to encompass multi-particle-multi-hole excitations at and near to closed shells.We apply the group theoretical concepts of the EIBM to the particular case of two coexisting systems in the same nucleus exhibiting a U(5) (for the regular configurations) and an SU(3) symmetry (for the intruder configurations).Besides the description of ``global'' symmetry aspects in terms of I-spin , also the very specific local mixing effects characteristic for the U(5)-SU(3) symmetry coupling are studied.The model is applied to the Po isotopes and a comparison with a morerealistic calculation is made.
A generalized Wigner function for quantum systems with the SU(2) dynamical symmetry group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Klimov, A B; Romero, J L
2008-01-01
We introduce a Wigner-like quasidistribution function to describe quantum systems with the SU(2) dynamic symmetry group. This function is defined in a three-dimensional group manifold and can be used to represent the states defined in several SU(2) invariant subspaces. The explicit differential Moyal-like form of the star product is found and analyzed in the semiclassical limit
UV completions of partial compositeness: the case for a SU(4) gauge group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ferretti, Gabriele
2014-01-01
We present a model of partial compositeness arising as the IR limit of a SU(4) gauge theory with only fermionic matter. This group is one of the most promising ones among a handful of possible choices allowing a symmetry breaking pattern incorporating custodial symmetry and a top partner candidate, while retaining asymptotic freedom. It is favored for not giving rise to lepto-quarks or Landau poles in the SM gauge couplings. The minimal UV theory consists of five hyperfermions in the anti-symmetric representation and three in the fundamental and anti-fundamental. The IR theory is centered around the coset SU(5)/SO(5), with top partners in the fundamental of SO(5), giving rise to one composite fermion of electric charge 5/3, three of charge 2/3 and one of charge −1/3. Electro-Weak symmetry breaking occurs via top-quark-driven vacuum misalignment. The top quark mass is generated via the mechanism of partial compositeness, while the remaining fermions acquire a mass via a standard quadratic coupling to the Higgs. We compute the top and bottom quark mass matrix and the Electro-Weak currents of the composite fermions. The model does not give rise to unacceptably large deviations from the SM Z→bb-bar decay width.
On Parametrization of the Linear GL(4,C) and Unitary SU(4) Groups in Terms of Dirac Matrices
Red'Kov, Victor M.; Bogush, Andrei A.; Tokarevskaya, Natalia G.
2008-02-01
Parametrization of 4 × 4-matrices G of the complex linear group GL(4,C) in terms of four complex 4-vector parameters (k,m,n,l) is investigated. Additional restrictions separating some subgroups of GL(4,C) are given explicitly. In the given parametrization, the problem of inverting any 4 × 4 matrix G is solved. Expression for determinant of any matrix G is found: det G = F(k,m,n,l). Unitarity conditions G+ = G-1 have been formulated in the form of non-linear cubic algebraic equations including complex conjugation. Several simplest solutions of these unitarity equations have been found: three 2-parametric subgroups G1, G2, G3 - each of subgroups consists of two commuting Abelian unitary groups; 4-parametric unitary subgroup consis! ting of a product of a 3-parametric group isomorphic SU(2) and 1-parametric Abelian group. The Dirac basis of generators Λk, being of Gell-Mann type, substantially differs from the basis λi used in the literature on SU(4) group, formulas relating them are found - they permit to separate SU(3) subgroup in SU(4). Special way to list 15 Dirac generators of GL(4,C) can be used {Λk} = {μiÅνjÅ(μiVνj = KÅL ÅM )}, which permit to factorize SU(4) transformations according to S = eiaμ eibνeikKeilLeimM, where two first factors commute with each other and are isomorphic to SU(2) group, the three last ones are 3-parametric groups, each of them consisting of three Abelian commuting unitary subgroups. Besides, the structure of fifteen Dirac matrices Λk permits to separate twenty 3-parametric subgroups in SU(4) isomorphic to SU(2); those subgroups might be used as bigger elementary blocks in constructing of a general transformation SU(4). It is shown how one can specify the present approach for the pseudounitary group SU(2,2) and SU(3,1).
Flat directions in flipped SU(5). I: All-order analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cleaver, G.B. E-mail: gcleaver@rainbow.physics.tamu.edu; Ellis, J. E-mail: john.ellis@cern.ch; Nanopoulos, D.V. E-mail: dimitri@soda.physics.tamu.edu
2001-04-23
We present a systematic classification of field directions for the string-derived flipped SU(5) model that are D- and F-flat to all orders. Properties of the flipped SU(5) model with field values in these directions are compared to those associated with other flat directions that have been shown to be F-flat to specific finite orders in the superpotential. We discuss the phenomenological Higgs spectrum, and quark and charged-lepton mass textures.
Flat Directions in Flipped SU(5); 1, All-Order Analysis
Cleaver, G B; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V
2001-01-01
We present a systematic classification of field directions for the string-derived flipped SU(5) model that are D- and F-flat to all orders. Properties of the flipped SU(5) model with field values in these directions are compared to those associated with other flat directions that have been shown to be F-flat to specific finite orders in the superpotential. We discuss the phenomenological Higgs spectrum, and quark and charged-lepton mass textures.
Constrained Sypersymmetric Flipped SU (5) GUT Phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John; /CERN /King' s Coll. London; Mustafayev, Azar; /Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst.; Olive, Keith A.; /Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst. /Minnesota U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2011-08-12
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, Min, above the GUT scale, M{sub GUT}. We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino {chi} and the lighter stau {tilde {tau}}{sub 1} is sensitive to M{sub in}, as is the relationship between m{sub {chi}} and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons A,H. For these reasons, prominent features in generic (m{sub 1/2}, m{sub 0}) planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to Min, as we illustrate for several cases with tan {beta} = 10 and 55. However, these features do not necessarily disappear at large Min, unlike the case in the minimal conventional SU(5) GUT. Our results are relatively insensitive to neutrino masses.
Constrained supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [CERN, TH Division, PH Department, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); King' s College London, Theoretical Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Mustafayev, Azar [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Olive, Keith A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Stanford University, Department of Physics and SLAC, Palo Alto, CA (United States)
2011-07-15
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, M{sub in}, above the GUT scale, M{sub GUT}. We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino {chi} and the lighter stau {tau}{sub 1} is sensitive to M{sub in}, as is the relationship between m{sub {chi}} and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons A,H. For these reasons, prominent features in generic (m{sub 1/2},m{sub 0}) planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to M{sub in}, as we illustrate for several cases with tan {beta}=10 and 55. However, these features do not necessarily disappear at large M{sub in}, unlike the case in the minimal conventional SU(5) GUT. Our results are relatively insensitive to neutrino masses. (orig.)
Constrained supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT phenomenology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, John; Mustafayev, Azar; Olive, Keith A.
2011-01-01
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, M in , above the GUT scale, M GUT . We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino χ and the lighter stau τ 1 is sensitive to M in , as is the relationship between m χ and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons A,H. For these reasons, prominent features in generic (m 1/2 ,m 0 ) planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to M in , as we illustrate for several cases with tan β=10 and 55. However, these features do not necessarily disappear at large M in , unlike the case in the minimal conventional SU(5) GUT. Our results are relatively insensitive to neutrino masses. (orig.)
Supersymmetric SU(5) GUT with Stabilized Moduli
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Panda, Binata
2008-01-01
We construct a minimal example of a supersymmetric grand unified model in a toroidal compactification of type I string theory with magnetized D9-branes. All geometric moduli are stabilized in terms of the background internal magnetic fluxes which are of "oblique" type (mutually non-commuting). The gauge symmetry is just SU(5) and the gauge non-singlet chiral spectrum contains only three families of quarks and leptons transforming in the $10+{\\bar 5}$ representations.
Twin-unified SU(5) × SU( 5)′ GUT and phenomenology
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Specific pattern of the GUT symmetry breaking causes new strong dynamics at ... Issues of the gauge coupling unification, generation of the charged fermion and ...... the SU(3)′ strong sector) and EW symmetry breaking, the scenario shares ...
Path integral quantization of the Symplectic Leaves of the SU(2)*Poisson-Lie Group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morariu, B.
1997-01-01
The Feynman path integral is used to quantize the symplectic leaves of the Poisson-Lie group SU(2)*. In this way we obtain the unitary representations of Uq(su(2)). This is achieved by finding explicit Darboux coordinates and then using a phase space path integral. I discuss the *-structure of SU(2)* and give a detailed description of its leaves using various parameterizations and also compare the results with the path integral quantization of spin
Classification of flipped SU(5) heterotic-string vacua
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Faraggi, Alon E., E-mail: alon.faraggi@liv.ac.uk [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom); Rizos, John, E-mail: irizos@uoi.gr [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, GR45110 Ioannina (Greece); Sonmez, Hasan, E-mail: Hasan.Sonmez@liv.ac.uk [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom)
2014-09-15
We extend the classification of free fermionic heterotic-string vacua to models in which the SO(10) GUT symmetry is reduced at the string level to the flipped SU(5) subgroup. In our classification method the set of boundary condition basis vectors is fixed and the enumeration of string vacua is obtained in terms of the Generalised GSO (GGSO) projection coefficients entering the one-loop partition function. We derive algebraic expressions for the GGSO projections for all the physical states appearing in the sectors generated by the set of basis vectors. This enables the programming of the entire spectrum analysis in a computer code. For that purpose we developed two independent codes, based on FORTRAN95 and JAVA, and all results presented are confirmed by the two independent routines. We perform a statistical sampling in the space of 2{sup 44}∼10{sup 13} flipped SU(5) vacua, and scan up to 10{sup 12} GGSO configurations. Contrary to the corresponding Pati–Salam classification results, we do not find exophobic flipped SU(5) vacua with an odd number of generations. We study the structure of exotic states appearing in the three generation models, that additionally contain a viable Higgs spectrum, and demonstrate the existence of models in which all the exotic states are confined by a hidden sector non-Abelian gauge symmetry, as well as models that may admit the racetrack mechanism.
On integral representation of the Clebsh-Gordan coefficients of SU(3) group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mal'tsev, V.M.
1985-01-01
The projection of arbitrary quark-gluon state on a singlet representation of SU(3) group is considered. It is given by an integral on the group. In this case the square of a Clebsch-Gordan coefficient is evaluated as the eight-fold integral over corresponding Eulerian angles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leontaris, G.K.; Rizos, J.; Tamvakis, K. (Ioannina Univ. (Greece). Theoretical Physics Div.)
1990-06-28
We calculate the trilinear superpotential of the hidden sector of the three generation flipped SU(5)xU(1)xU(1){sup 4}xSO(10)xSU(4) superstring model. We perform a renormalization group analysis of the model taking into account the hidden sector. We find that, in all relevant cases, fractionally charged tetraplets of the hidden SO(6) gauge group are confined at a high scale. Nevertheless, their contribution to the observable U(1) gauge coupling evolution results in a drastic reduction of the available freedom in the values of a{sub 3}(m{sub w}), sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub w} and M{sub x} that allow superunification. (orig.).
Comparison of lattice gauge theories with gauge groups Z2 and SU(2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mack, G.; Petkova, B.
1978-11-01
We study a model of a pure Yang Mills theory with gauge group SU(2) on a lattice in Euclidean space. We compare it with the model obtained by restricting varibales to 2 . An inequality relating expectation values of the Wilson loop integral in the two theories is established. It shows that confinement of static quarks is true in our SU(2) model whenever it holds for the corresponding 2 -model. The SU(2) model is shown to have high and low temperature phases that are distinguished by a qualitatively different behavior of the t'Hooft disorder parameter. (orig.) [de
Precision electroweak tests of the minimal and flipped SU(5) supergravity models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez, J.L.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Park, G.T.; Pois, H.; Yuan, K. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, Texas A M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, Texas 77381 (United States))
1993-10-01
We explore the one-loop electroweak radiative corrections in the minimal SU(5) and the no-scale flipped SU(5) supergravity models via explicit calculation of vacuum polarization contributions to the [epsilon][sub 1,2,3] parameters. Experimentally, [epsilon][sub 1,2,3] are obtained from a global fit to the CERN LEP observables, and [ital M][sub [ital W
A new flavour imprint of SU(5-like grand unification and its LHC signatures
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Fichet
2015-03-01
Full Text Available We point out that the hypothesis of an SU(5-like supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory (GUT implies a generic relation within the flavour structure of up-type squarks. Contrary to other well-known SU(5 relations between the down-quark and charged lepton sectors, this relation remains exact in the presence of any corrections and extra operators. Moreover it remains valid to a good precision at the electroweak scale, and opens thus new possibilities for testing SU(5-like GUTs. We derive the low-energy effective theory of observable light up-type squarks, that also constitutes a useful tool for squark phenomenology. We use this effective theory to determine how to test SU(5 relations at the LHC. Focusing on scenarios with light stops, compatible with Natural SUSY, it appears that simple tests involving ratios of event rates are sufficient to test the hypothesis of an SU(5-like GUT theory. The techniques of charm-tagging and top-polarimetry are a crucial ingredient of these tests.
Flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} models from F-theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jiang Jing [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Li Tianjun, E-mail: tjli@physics.rutgers.ed [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States); Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece); Xie Dan [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)
2010-05-01
We systematically construct flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} models without and with bulk vector-like particles from F-theory. To realize the decoupling scenario, we introduce sets of vector-like particles in complete SU(5)xU(1) multiplets at the TeV scale, or at the intermediate scale, or at the TeV scale and high scale. To avoid the Landau pole problem for the gauge couplings, we can only introduce five sets of vector-like particles around the TeV scale. These vector-like particles can couple to the Standard Model singlet fields, and obtain suitable masses by Higgs mechanism. We study gauge coupling unification in detail. We show that the U(1){sub X} flux contributions to the gauge couplings preserve the SU(5)xU(1){sub X} gauge coupling unification. We calculate the SU(3){sub C}xSU(2){sub L} unification scales, and the SU(5)xU(1){sub X} unification scales and unified couplings. In most of our models, the high-scale or bulk vector-like particles can be considered as string-scale threshold corrections since their masses are close to the string scale. Furthermore, we discuss the phenomenological consequences of our models. In particular, in the models with TeV-scale vector-like particles, the vector-like particles can be observed at the Large Hadron Collider, the proton decay is within the reach of the future Hyper-Kamiokande experiment, the lightest CP-even Higgs boson mass can be increased, the hybrid inflation can be naturally realized, and the correct cosmic primordial density fluctuations can be generated.
Does the SU(5) monopole catalyze proton decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hussain, F.; Pak, N.K.
1983-08-01
The role of Higgs induced mass for the fermions in the SU(5) monopole catalysis of the baryon decay problem is investigated. We find that the inclusion of such a mass does not rule out the Rubakov effect but it does suppress the catalysis cross-section
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Krasnikov, N.V.; Rodenberg, R.
1993-01-01
From the requirement of the absence of the Landau pole singularity for the effective top quark Yukawa coupling constant up to Planck scale in SU(5) supersymmetric model we find an upper bound m t ≤ 187 GeV for the top quark mass. For the SU(5) fixed point renormalization group solution for top quark Yukawa coupling constant which can be interpreted as the case of composite superhiggs we find that m t ≥ 140 GeV. Similar bound takes place in all models with big anti h t (m t ). For m t ≤ 160 GeV we find also that the Higgs boson is lighter than m Z and hence it can be discovered at LEP2
Neutralino constraints on the flipped SU(5) model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abel, S.A.; Cottingham, W.N. (Bristol Univ. (UK). H.H. Wills Physics Lab.); Whittingham, I. (James Cook Univ. of North Queensland, Townsville (Australia). Dept. of Physics)
1990-07-19
We examine the decay width of Z{yields}neutral invisibles in the supersymmetric flipped SU(5) model. It is found that these processes would give contributions to the Z width leading to the inference of a non-integer number of generations between close to three and {approx equal} 3.5, and we argue that an accurate determination of this quantity could lead to significant restrictions on the allowable parameter space in this model. (orig.).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hueffel, H.
1980-01-01
In the framework of the minimal SU(5) model of Georgi and Glashow the explicit couplings between the various mass eigenstate Higgs bosons and the gauge fields as well as the Higgs boson self couplings are presented. As an application bounds for the parameters of the Higgs potential and for the Higgs boson masses are derived by applying partial wave unitarity to the tree graphs of Higgs-Higgs scattering. (Auth.)
Neutrino bilarge mixing and flavor physics in the flipped SU(5) model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huang Chaoshang; Li Tianjun; Liao Wei E-mail: liaow@ictp.trieste.it
2003-11-24
We have constructed a specific supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model in which bilarge neutrino mixing is incorporated. Because the up-type and down-type quarks in the model are flipped in the representations ten and five with respect to the usual SU(5), the radiatively generated flavor mixing in squark mass matrices due to the large neutrino mixing has a pattern different from those in the conventional SU(5) and SO(10) supersymmetric GUTs. This leads to phenomenological consequences quite different from SU(5) or SO(10) supersymmetric GUT models. That is, it has almost no impact on B physics. On the contrary, the model has effects in top and charm physics as well as lepton physics. In particular, it gives promising prediction on the mass difference, {delta}M{sub D}, of the D-D-bar mixing which for some ranges of the parameter space with large tan{beta} can be at the order of 10{sup 9} {Dirac_h} s{sup -1}, one order of magnitude smaller than the experimental upper bound. In some regions of the parameter space {delta}M{sub D} can saturate the present bound. For these ranges of parameter space, t{yields}u,c+h{sup 0} can reach 10{sup -5}-10{sup -6} which would be observed at the LHC and future {gamma}-{gamma} colliders.
Testable flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jiang Jing [Institute of Theoretical Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 (United States); Li Tianjun [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States) and Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)]. E-mail: tjli@physics.rutgers.edu; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States); Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece)
2007-06-11
The little hierarchy between the GUT scale and the string scale may give us some hints that can be tested at the LHC. To achieve string-scale gauge coupling unification, we introduce additional vector-like particles. We require that these vector-like particles be standard, form complete GUT multiplets, and have masses around the TeV scale or close to the string scale. Interestingly, only the flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} models can work elegantly. We consider all possible sets of vector-like particles with masses around the TeV scale. And we introduce vector-like particles with masses close to the string scale which can mimic the string-scale threshold corrections. We emphasize that all of these vector-like particles can be obtained in the interesting flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} string models from the four-dimensional free fermionic string construction. Assuming the low-energy supersymmetry, high-scale supersymmetry, and split supersymmetry, we show that the string-scale gauge coupling unification can indeed be achieved in the flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} models. These models can be tested at the LHC by observing simple sets of vector-like particles at the TeV scale. Moreover, we discuss a simple flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} model with string-scale gauge coupling unification and high-scale supersymmetry by introducing only one pair of the vector-like particles at the TeV scale, and we predict the corresponding Higgs boson masses. Also, we briefly comment on the string-scale gauge coupling unification in the model with low-energy supersymmetry by introducing only one pair of the vector-like particles at the intermediate scale. And we briefly comment on the mixings among the SM fermions and the corresponding extra vector-like particles.
Experimentally verifiable Yang-Mills spin 2 gauge theory of gravity with group U(1) x SU(2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peng, H.
1988-01-01
In this work, a Yang-Mills spin 2 gauge theory of gravity is proposed. Based on both the verification of the helicity 2 property of the SU(2) gauge bosons of the theory and the agreement of the theory with most observational and experimental evidence, the authors argues that the theory is truly a gravitational theory. An internal symmetry group, the eigenvalues of its generators are identical with quantum numbers, characterizes the interactions of a given class. The author demonstrates that the 4-momentum P μ of a fermion field generates the U(1) x SU(2) internal symmetry group for gravity, but not the transformation group T 4 . That particles are classified by mass and spin implies that the U(1) x SU(2), instead of the Poincare group, is a symmetry group of gravity. It is shown that the U(1) x SU(2) group represents the time displacement and rotation in ordinary space. Thereby internal space associated with gravity is identical with Minkowski spacetime, so a gauge potential of gravity carries two space-time indices. Then he verifies that the SU(2) gravitational boson has helicity 2. It is this fact, spin from internal spin, that explains alternatively why the gravitational field is the only field which is characterized by spin 2. The Physical meaning of gauge potentials of gravity is determined by comparing theory with the results of experiments, such as the Collella-Overhauser-Werner (COW) experiment and the Newtonian limit, etc. The gauge potentials this must identify with ordinary gravitational potentials
String unification and leptophobic Z` in flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez, J.L. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Bonner Nuclear Labs.
1997-01-01
We summarize recent developments in the prediction for {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub Z}), self-consistent string unification and the dynamical determination of mass scales, and leptophobic Z` gauge bosons in the context of stringy flipped SU(5). (orig.).
Braids as a representation space of SU(5)
Cartin, Daniel
2015-06-01
The standard model of particle physics provides very accurate predictions of phenomena occurring at the sub-atomic level, but the reason for the choice of symmetry group and the large number of particles considered elementary is still unknown. Along the lines of previous preon models positing a substructure to explain these aspects, Bilson-Thompson showed how the first family of elementary particles is realized as the crossings of braids made of three strands, with charges resulting from twists of those strands with certain conditions; in this topological model, there are only two distinct neutrino states. Modeling the particles as braids implies these braids must be the representation space of a Lie algebra, giving the symmetries of the standard model. In this paper, this representation is made explicit, obtaining the raising operators associated with the Lie algebra of SU(5), one of the earliest grand unified theories. Because the braids form a group, the action of these operators are braids themselves, leading to their identification as gauge bosons. Possible choices for the other two families are also given. Although this realization of particles as braids is lacking a dynamical framework, it is very suggestive, especially when considered as a natural method of adding matter to loop quantum gravity.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abel, S.A. (Bristol Univ. (UK). H.H. Wills Physics Lab.); Whittingham, I. (James Cook Univ. of North Queensland, Townsville (Australia). Dept. of Physics)
1990-02-22
We examine the electric dipole moment of the neutron and flavour changing Z decays in the flipped SU(5) grand unification scheme. We find that the new couplings at energy scales above M{sub GUT} can lead to neutron electric dipole moments vertical strokedvertical stroke{approx equal} 10{sup -25} e cm and decays of the form Z{yields}banti s, santi b with a branching ratio Bsub(Z{yields}banti s,santi b) {approx equal} 10{sup -6}, of which a large proportion ({epsilon}{le}1/4) may be CP violating. The first two effects are found to be slightly suppressed in the currently popular no-scale theories, but the CP violation parameter, {epsilon}, is relatively theory independent. (orig.).
Flipped SU(5) from D-branes with type IIB fluxes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen Chingming [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: cchen@physics.tamu.edu; Mayes, V.E. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: eric@physics.tamu.edu; Nanopoulos, D.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States) and Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States) and Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece)]. E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu
2006-02-16
We construct flipped SU(5) GUT models as type IIB flux vacua on Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2} orientifolds. Turning on supergravity self-dual NSNS and RR three-form fluxes fixes the toroidal complex structure moduli and the dilaton. We give a specific example of a three-generation flipped SU(5) model with a complete Higgs sector where supersymmetry is softly broken by the supergravity fluxes in the closed string sector. All of the required Yukawa couplings are present if global U(1) factors resulting from a generalized Green-Schwarz mechanism are broken spontaneously or by world-sheet instantons. In addition, the model contains extra chiral and vector-like matter, potentially of mass O(M{sub string}) via trilinear superpotential couplings.
Gravity-assisted exact unification in minimal supersymmetric SU(5) and its gaugino mass spectrum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tobe, Kazuhiro; Wells, James D.
2004-01-01
Minimal supersymmetric SU(5) with exact unification is naively inconsistent with proton decay constraints. However, it can be made viable by a gravity-induced non-renormalizable operator connecting the adjoint Higgs boson and adjoint vector boson representations. We compute the allowed coupling space for this theory and find natural compatibility with proton decay constraints even for relatively light superpartner masses. The modifications away from the naive SU(5) theory have an impact on the gaugino mass spectrum, which we calculate. A combination of precision linear collider and large hadron collider measurements of superpartner masses would enable interesting tests of the high-scale form of minimal supersymmetric SU(5)
SU(5) orientifolds, Yukawa couplings, Stringy Instantons and Proton Decay
Kiritsis, Elias; Schellekens, Bert; 10.1016
2009-01-01
We construct a large class of SU(5) orientifold vacua with tadpole cancellation both for the standard and the flipped case. We give a general analysis of superpotential couplings up to quartic order in orientifold vacua and identify the properties of needed Yukawa couplings as well as the baryon number violating couplings. We point out that successful generation of the perturbatively forbidden Yukawa couplings entails a generically disastrous rate for proton decay from an associated quartic term in the superpotential, generated from the same instanton effects. This problem seems generic and may appear in F-theory vacua as well. We search for the appropriate instanton effects that generate the missing Yukawa couplings in the SU(5) vacua we constructed and find them in a small subset of them.
Decaying dark matter in supersymmetric SU(5) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luo Mingxing; Wang Liucheng; Wu Wei; Zhu Guohuai
2010-01-01
Motivated by recent observations from PAMELA, Fermi and H.E.S.S., we consider dark matter decays in the framework of supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification theories. An SU(5) singlet S is assumed to be the main component of dark matters, which decays into visible particles through dimension six operators suppressed by the grand unification scale. Under certain conditions, S decays dominantly into a pair of sleptons with universal coupling for all generations. Subsequently, electrons and positrons are produced from cascade decays of these sleptons. These cascade decay chains smooth the e + +e - spectrum, which permit naturally a good fit to the Fermi-LAT data. The observed positron fraction upturn by PAMELA can be reproduced simultaneously. We have also calculated diffuse gamma-ray spectra due to the e ± excesses and compared them with the preliminary Fermi-LAT data from 0.1 GeV to 10 GeV in the region 0 deg. ≤l≤ 360 deg., 10 deg. ≤|b|≤20 deg. The photon spectrum of energy above 100 GeV, mainly from final state radiations, may be checked in the near future.
Naturally light neutrinos in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, I.; Rizos, J. (Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France)); Tamvakis, K. (Physics Dept., Univ. Ioannina (Greece))
1992-04-16
We analyze the SU(5)xU(1)'xU(1){sup 4}xSO(10)xSU(4) superstring model, taking into account non-renormalizable superpotential interactions up to sixth order, and find that all neutrinos stay naturally light within the experimental mass bounds. (orig.).
SU(5)-invariant decomposition of ten-dimensional Yang-Mills supersymmetry
Baulieu, Laurent
2011-01-01
The N=1,d=10 superYang-Mills action is constructed in a twisted form, using SU(5)-invariant decomposition of spinors in 10 dimensions. The action and its off-shell closed twisted scalar supersymmetry operator Q derive from a Chern-Simons term. The action can be decomposed as the sum of a term in the cohomology of Q and of a term that is Q-exact. The first term is a fermionic Chern-Simons term for a twisted component of the Majorana-Weyl gluino and it is related to the second one by a twisted vector supersymmetry with 5 parameters. The cohomology of Q and some topological observables are defined from descent equations. In this SU(5)
Evidence for dynamic SU(5) symmetry breaking in meson mass multiplets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frikkee, E.
1994-07-01
It is shown that the mass differences and multiplet pattern for pseudoscalar and vector mesons correspond to a chain of dynamic symmetry reductions SU(n) contains SU(n-1)xU(1). In this symmetry-reduction model, the differences between the masses of the quark flavours are the result of intra-hadronic interactions. Quark confinement is explained as a consequence of the fact that this symmetry breaking chain only occurs in hadrons. The results of a quantitative analysis of mass splittings in meson multiplets indicate that SU(5) is probably the highest symmetry for hadron states. In the proposed dynamic symmetry breaking scheme with five quark flavours there is no one-to-one correspondence between lepton and quark generations. (orig.)
The muon magnetic moment in flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abel, S.A.; Cottingham, W.N. (Bristol Univ. (UK). H.H. Wills Physics Lab.); Whittingham, I.B. (James Cook Univ. of North Queensland, Townsville (Australia). Dept. of Physics)
1991-04-25
The magnetic moment of the muon is examined for the no-scale supersymmetric flipped SU(5) theory, and it is found that supersymmetric contributions to (g-2){sub {mu}} are (-7{+-}2)x10{sup -9} and within this range are predominantly dependent on the scale of supersymmetry breaking. It is therefore suggested that experiments to measure this quantity may serve to limit the parameters of this model. (orig.).
Avoiding domain wall problem in SU(N) grand unified theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fujimoto, Y.; Zhiyong, Z.
1982-08-01
We look for the possibility of embedding the discrete sub-group of U(1)-Pecci-Quinn symmetry into the continuous one to avoid the domain wall problem. We find, within some restricted context, among various SU(N) models only one-family SU(5) and SU(6). (author)
SU(5)×U(1)X grand unification with minimal seesaw and Z‧-portal dark matter
Okada, Nobuchika; Okada, Satomi; Raut, Digesh
2018-05-01
We propose a grand unified SU (5) × U(1)X model, where the standard SU(5) grand unified theory is supplemented by minimal seesaw and a right-handed neutrino dark matter with an introduction of a global Z2-parity. In the presence of three right-handed neutrinos (RHNs), the model is free from all gauge and mixed-gravitational anomalies. The SU(5) symmetry is broken into the Standard Model (SM) gauge group at MGUT ≃ 4 ×1016GeV in the standard manner, while the U(1)X symmetry breaking occurs at the TeV scale, which generates the TeV-scale mass of the U(1)X gauge boson (Z‧ boson) and the three Majorana RHNs. A unique Z2-odd RHN is stable and serves as the dark matter (DM) in the present Universe, while the remaining two RHNs work to generate the SM neutrino masses through the minimal seesaw. We investigate the Z‧-portal RHN DM scenario in this model context. We find that the constraints from the DM relic abundance, and the Z‧ boson search at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and the perturbativity bound on the U(1)X gauge coupling are complementary to narrow down the allowed parameter region in the range of 3.0 ≤mZ‧ [TeV ] ≤ 9.2 for the Z‧ boson mass. The allowed region for mZ‧ ≤ 5TeV will be fully covered by the future LHC experiments. We also briefly discuss the successful implementation of Baryogenesis and cosmological inflation scenarios in the present model.
Phenomenology of SU(5 low-energy realizations: The diphoton excess and Higgs flavor violation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrea Di Iura
2016-10-01
Full Text Available We discuss different SU(5 low-energy realizations and illustrate their use with the diphoton excess and Higgs flavor violation, which require new physics at the TeV scale. In particular, we study two scenarios for a 750 GeV resonance: in the first one the resonance belongs to the adjoint of SU(5, being either an SU(2L singlet or a triplet, while in the second case the signal is due to the CP-even and CP-odd states of a new SU(2L Higgs doublet belonging to a 45H or a 70H representations, giving rise to a two-Higgs doublet model at low energies. We study the fine-tuning needed for the desired members of the multiplets to be light enough, while having the rest at the GUT scale. In these scenarios, the production and decay into photons of the new resonance are mediated by the leptoquarks (LQ present in these large SU(5 representations. We analyze the phenomenology of such scenarios, focusing on the most relevant predictions that can help to disentangle the different models, like decays into gauge bosons, Standard Model (SM fermions and LQs pair production. In the case of the 45H (the Georgi–Jarlskog model, we also study the possibility to have Higgs flavor violation. We find that Bs mixing limits (in addition to τ→μγ always imply that Br(h→τμ,bs≲10−5.
On grand unified SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Yu.F.
1980-01-01
A set of general prjnciples justifying the choice of the group SU(N)sub(L)xSU(N)sub(R) with N=8 as the grand unified symmetry group is considered. Accordjng to these principles the group SU(N)sub(L)xSU(N)sub(R) is one of the most natural unified groups. Namely this group is maximum symmetry group of kinetic term of the Lagrangian of one family, which conserves fermion number. A new principle has been introduced according to which one of the manifestations of extended conformal invariance at small distances is mirror doubling of set of fermions, which is necessary on the other hand for renormalizability of the given unified model
On SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R) grand unified model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Yu.F.
1981-01-01
A set of general propositions is considered which ground the choice of the SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R) group as a unified symmetry group. According to these propositions the group SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R) is the most natural unified group, it is the maximal symmetry group of the kinetic term of the lagrangian single family which conserves the fermion number. A new principle is introduced. According to this principle, the mirror doubling of the fermion spectrum, necessary for renormalizability of the given unified model is, on the other hand, a manifestation of the extended conformal invariance at short distances [ru
Prospects for discovery of supersymmetric No-Scale F-SU(5) at the once and future LHC
Li, Tianjun; Maxin, James A.; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.; Walker, Joel W.
2012-06-01
We present the reach of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) into the parameter space of No-Scale F-SU(5), starting our analysis with the current operating energy of √{s}=7 TeV, and extending it on through the bright future of a 14 TeV beam. No-Scale F-SU(5) is a model defined by the confluence of the F-lipped SU(5) Grand Unified Theory, two pairs of hypothetical TeV scale vector-like supersymmetric multiplets with origins in F-theory, and the dynamically established boundary conditions of No-Scale Supergravity. When searching for a five standard deviation signal, we find that the CMS experiment at the √{s}=7 TeV LHC began to penetrate the phenomenologically viable parameter space of this model at just under 1 fb of integrated luminosity, and that the majority of this space remains intact, subsequent to analyses of the first 1.1 fb of CMS data. On the contrary, the ATLAS experiment had not reached the F-SU(5) parameter space in its first 1.34 fb of luminosity. Since the CMS and ATLAS detectors have now each amassed a milestone of 5 fb of collected luminosity, the current LHC is presently effectively probing No-Scale F-SU(5). Upon the crossing of the 5 fb threshold, the 7 TeV LHC will have achieved five standard deviation discoverability for a unified gaugino mass of up to about 532 GeV, a light stop of 577 GeV, a gluino of 728 GeV, and heavy squarks of just over 1 TeV. Extending the analysis to include a future LHC center-of-mass beam energy of √{s}=14 TeV, the full model space of No-Scale F-SU(5) should be visible to CMS at about 30 fb of integrated luminosity. We stress that the F-SU(5) discoverability thresholds discussed here are contingent upon retaining only those events with nine jets or more for the CMS experiment and seven jets or more for the ATLAS experiment.
Neutrino masses in flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abel, S.A. (Bristol Univ. (UK). H.H. Wills Physics Lab.)
1990-01-04
It is demonstrated that the, recently proposed, SU(5)xU(1) unification scheme is one of only a small number of the current candidates that allows, in its parameter space, the possibility of heavy neutrinos. This is due to the fact that the usual GIM suppression mechanism does not operate, leading to fast decays of heavy tau neutrinos of the form {nu}{yields}{nu}{gamma}, with an estimated lifetime of O(1 yr) for a tau neutrino mass of 1 MeV. Using well known cosmological arguments, based on the observed 3 K background radiation, the mass of the electron neutrino is constrained to be either greater than O(1 eV), or less than the usual limit of O(10{sup -2} eV). (orig.).
Effect of a physical activity intervention on suPAR levels
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rohde, Christopher; Polcwiartek, Christoffer; Andersen, Eivind
2018-01-01
OBJECTIVES: Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel inflammatory marker, associated with lifestyle diseases and mortality risk. No studies have investigated whether physical activity may reduce suPAR levels using a randomized controlled design. DESIGN AND METHODS......: suPAR and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined in blood samples from a previous randomized controlled trial with Pakistani immigrants in Norway, 2008. The study included physically inactive men that were randomized to an intervention group (supervised group exercises) or a control group...... and followed for 5 months. A linear regression model was used and adjusted for age, inactivity level at baseline, and mean difference in CRP levels. RESULTS: Overall, 80 and 53 participants were included in the intervention and control group, respectively. Obesity and smoking were associated with higher su...
Digital Group Multiplexers (DGM). Volume 2. Section 3.0, 5.0, 7.0, 15.4
1980-02-01
SCANNR WO REUA ORS -1. [IVE M.U DEMUX GROUP FRAMINC, GROUP MODEM DATAER INREI PATE ORDERWIRE S~U C ANNE RLOI GA T CICK BUSS RWE Bus ERIOR BUS ERPACE G...tIi 5’E CARD I I IDICOI 1 hi FUL VIAND 02OTCSL A ARE s~o N Th0T EXTIRMAL ENERGIME ( NOPAL ’ -z; 0NC Figure 5-14. LGM Alarm Implementation Block Diagram...all four wires placing a peak current threat to the unit of 5,000 amps per wire. As the primary protection we are using a Siemens gas filled surge
Constrained Supersymmetric Flipped SU(5) GUT Phenomenology
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A
2011-01-01
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, $M_{in}$, above the GUT scale, $M_{GUT}$. We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino and the lighter stau is sensitive to $M_{in}$, as is the relationship between the neutralino mass and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons. For these reasons, prominent features in generic $(m_{1/2}, m_0)$ planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to $M_{in}$, as we illustrate for several cases with tan(beta)...
All unitary ray representations of the conformal group SU(2,2) with positive energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mack, G.
1975-12-01
We find all those unitary irreducible representations of the infinitely - sheeted covering group G tilde of the conformal group SU(2,2)/Z 4 which have positive energy P 0 >= O. They are all finite component field representations and are labelled by dimension d and a finite dimensional irreducible representation (j 1 , j 2 ) of the Lorentz group SL(2C). They all decompose into a finite number of unitary irreducible representations of the Poincare subgroup with dilations. (orig.) [de
Could a Weak Coupling Massless SU(5) Theory Underly the Standard Model S-Matrix
White, Alan R.
2011-04-01
The unitary Critical Pomeron connects to a unique massless left-handed SU(5) theory that, remarkably, might provide an unconventional underlying unification for the Standard Model. Multi-regge theory suggests the existence of a bound-state high-energy S-Matrix that replicates Standard Model states and interactions via massless fermion anomaly dynamics. Configurations of anomalous wee gauge boson reggeons play a vacuum-like role. All particles, including neutrinos, are bound-states with dynamical masses (there is no Higgs field) that are formed (in part) by anomaly poles. The contributing zero-momentum chirality transitions break the SU(5) symmetry to vector SU(3)⊗U(1) in the S-Matrix. The high-energy interactions are vector reggeon exchanges accompanied by wee boson sums (odd-signature for the strong interaction and even-signature for the electroweak interaction) that strongly enhance couplings. The very small SU(5) coupling, αQUD ≲ 1/120, should be reflected in small (Majorana) neutrino masses. A color sextet quark sector, still to be discovered, produces both Dark Matter and Electroweak Symmetry Breaking. Anomaly color factors imply this sector could be produced at the LHC with large cross-sections, and would be definitively identified in double pomeron processes.
Symmetries of quantum spaces. Subgroups and quotient spaces of quantum SU(2) and SO(3) groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Podles, P.
1995-01-01
We prove that each action of a compact matrix quantum group on a compact quantum space can be decomposed into irreducible representations of the group. We give the formula for the corresponding multiplicities in the case of the quotient quantum spaces. We describe the subgroups and the quotient spaces of quantum SU(2) and SO(3) groups. (orig.)
The return of the King: No-Scale F-SU(5
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tianjun Li
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We revisit the viable parameter space in No-Scale F-SU(5, examining the Grand Unified Theory within the context of the prevailing gluino mass limits established by the LHC. The satisfaction of both the No-Scale boundary condition and the experimentally measured Standard Model (SM like Higgs boson mass requires a lower limit on the gluino mass in the model space of about 1.9 TeV, which maybe not coincidentally is the current LHC supersymmetry search bound. This offers a plausible explanation as to why a supersymmetry signal has thus far not been observed at the LHC. On the contrary, since the vector-like flippon particles are relatively heavy due to the strict condition that the supersymmetry breaking soft term Bμ must vanish at the unification scale, we also cannot address the recently vanished 750 GeV diphoton resonance at the 13 TeV LHC. Therefore, No-Scale F-SU(5 returns as a King after the spurious 750 GeV diphoton excess was gone with the wind.
Vibrational states as a representations of a SU(6) group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abdulvahabova, S.G.; Barkhalova, N.Sh.; Bayramova, T.O.
2012-01-01
Full text : In any event it is proved that a description of collective states in terms of a SU(6) model might be appropriate, especially in the two limiting situations in which the approximate symmetries O + (5) and SU(3) occur. For nuclei whose spectrum is not too far from these exact symmetries it might be useful to use the respective unperturbed wave functions and energies. The symmetry structure of the nuclear many body system is in general very complex. However, since only few degrees of freedom play a dominant role in the description of the collective states, it is hoped that the Hamiltonian of the system when written in terms of these degrees of freedom has simple symmetry properties. It is important to notice that our collective Hamiltonian yields a finite energy matrix for a given value of N and a definite spin. This is a consequence of the symmetry properties of our collective operators. Because the boson-boson interaction in Hamiltonian splits the degeneracy of the multiplets, this limit describes an anharmonic vibrator. It is worth nothing that the knowledge of the invariance properties of the Hamiltonian provides directly a solution to the eigenvalue problem.
The Kadanoff lower-bound variational renormalization group applied to an SU(2) lattice spin model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thorleifsson, G.; Damgaard, P.H.
1990-07-01
We apply the variational lower-bound Renormalization Group transformation of Kadanoff to an SU(2) lattice spin model in 2 and 3 dimensions. Even in the one-hypercube framework of this renormalization group transformation the present model is characterised by having an infinite basis of fundamental operators. We investigate whether the lower-bound variational renormalization group transformation yields results stable under truncations of this operator basis. Our results show that for this particular spin model this is not the case. (orig.)
Threshold corrections to dimension-six proton decay operators in non-minimal SUSY SU(5 GUTs
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Borut Bajc
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We calculate the high and low scale threshold corrections to the D=6 proton decay mode in supersymmetric SU(5 grand unified theories with higher-dimensional representation Higgs multiplets. In particular, we focus on a missing-partner model in which the grand unified group is spontaneously broken by the 75-dimensional Higgs multiplet and the doublet–triplet splitting problem is solved. We find that in the missing-partner model the D=6 proton decay rate gets suppressed by about 60%, mainly due to the threshold effect at the GUT scale, while the SUSY-scale threshold corrections are found to be less prominent when sfermions are heavy.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [King' s College London, Theoretical Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); CERN, Theoretical Physics Department, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Evans, Jason L. [KIAS, School of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nagata, Natsumi [University of Tokyo, Department of Physics, Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku (Japan); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V. [Texas A and M University, George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, College Station, TX (United States); Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Astroparticle Physics Group, Woodlands, TX (United States); Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, Athens (Greece); Olive, Keith A. [University of Minnesota, School of Physics and Astronomy, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2017-04-15
We reconsider the minimal SU(5) grand unified theory (GUT) in the context of no-scale supergravity inspired by string compactification scenarios, assuming that the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters satisfy universality conditions at some input scale M{sub in} above the GUT scale M{sub GUT}. When setting up such a no-scale super-GUT model, special attention must be paid to avoiding the Scylla of rapid proton decay and the Charybdis of an excessive density of cold dark matter, while also having an acceptable mass for the Higgs boson. We do not find consistent solutions if none of the matter and Higgs fields are assigned to twisted chiral supermultiplets, even in the presence of Giudice-Masiero terms. However, consistent solutions may be found if at least one fiveplet of GUT Higgs fields is assigned to a twisted chiral supermultiplet, with a suitable choice of modular weights. Spin-independent dark matter scattering may be detectable in some of these consistent solutions. (orig.)
Chiral Lagrangian calculation of nucleon branching ratios in the supersymmetric SU(5) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chadha, S.; Daniel, M.
1983-12-01
The branching ratios are calculated for the two body nucleon decay modes involving pseudoscalars in the minimal SU(5) supersymmetric model with three generations using the techniques of chiral dynamics. (author)
Baryon decay: Flipped SU(5) surmounts another challenge
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, J. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.); Lopez, J.L.; Nanopoulos, D.V. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA). Center for Theoretical Physics Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Woodlands, TX (USA). Astroparticle Physics Group)
1990-12-06
Effective four-dimensional field theories derived from string theories may contain superpotential terms that violate baryon number. Terms that are cubic in the standard model particles are well known to lead to excessively rapid proton decay, and the same is true for terms that are quartic in these light fields. This holds even if the terms contain many powers of fields with large intermediate vacuum expectation values, corresponding to asymmetric manifolds of compactification. We show that no such B-violating superpotential interaction arises in flipped SU(5), thanks to an extra symmetry of the effective cubic d=4 and quartic d=5 superpotentials terms, induced at short distances. We conclude that in this model baryon decay proceeds predominantly through conventional d=6 gauge boson exchange, and we recalculate its rate using the latest LEP data to estimate the heavy gauge boson masses. (orig.).
SU(2) X SU(2) X U(1) basis for symmetric SO(6) representations: matrix elements of the generators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Piepenbring, R.; Silvestre-Brac, B.; Szymanski, Z.
1987-01-01
Matrix elements of the group generators for the symmetric irreducible representations of SO(6) are explicitly calculated in a closed form employing thedecomposition chain SO(6) is contained in SU(2) X SU(2) X U(1) (which is different from the well known Wigner supermultiplet scheme). The relation to the Gel'fand Tsetlin method using SO(6) contained in SO(5) up to ... SO(2) is indicated. An example of a physical application is given
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Minkowski, P.
1986-01-01
The metric and contorsion tensors are constructed which yield a combined Riemann curvature tensor of the form Rsup(+-)sub(μνsigmatau)=(1/2a 2 )(gsub(μsigma)gsub(νtau) - gsub(μtau)gsub(νsigma)+-√g epsilonsub(μνsigmatau)). The metric with euclidean signature (++++) describes a sphere S 4 with radius a, i.e. admits the isometry group O5. For selfdual (antiselfdual) curvature tensor the contorsion tensor is given by the antiselfdual (selfdual) instanton configuration with respect to the spin gauge group SU2sub(R) (SU2sub(L)). The selfdual (antiselfdual) Riemann tensor admits two covariantly constant right-handed (left-handed) spin 1/2 fermion zero modes, one J=1/2 and one J=3/2 right-handed (left-handed) multiplet corresponding to L=1, transforming as a pseudoreal representation of O4 (SU2sub(R(L))). The hermitean Dirac equation retains only the two constant chiral modes. (orig.)
Effect of simvastatin and ezetimibe on suPAR levels and outcomes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hodges, Gethin W; Bang, Casper N; Forman, Julie L
2018-01-01
-lowering therapy also lowers suPAR levels is unknown. METHODS: We investigated whether treatment with Simvastatin 40 mg and Ezetimibe 10 mg lowered plasma suPAR levels in 1838 patients with mild-moderate, asymptomatic aortic stenosis, included in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis (SEAS) study, using...... and Ezetimibe treatment impeded the progression of the time-related increase in plasma suPAR levels. Year-1 suPAR was associated with all-cause mortality, MCE, and AVE irrespective of baseline levels (SEAS study: NCT00092677)....... cardiovascular events (MCE) composed of ischemic cardiovascular events (ICE) and aortic valve related events (AVE). RESULTS: After 4.3 years of follow-up, suPAR levels had increased by 9.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.0%-11.5%) in the placebo group, but only by 4.1% (1.9%-6.2%) in the group with lipid...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hagedorn, Claudia; King, Stephen F.; Luhn, Christoph
2012-01-01
Following the recent results from Daya Bay and RENO, which measure the lepton mixing angle θ 13 l ≈0.15, we revisit a supersymmetric (SUSY) S 4 ×SU(5) model, which predicts tri-bimaximal (TB) mixing in the neutrino sector with θ 13 l being too small in its original version. We show that introducing one additional S 4 singlet flavon into the model gives rise to a sizable θ 13 l via an operator which leads to the breaking of one of the two Z 2 symmetries preserved in the neutrino sector at leading order (LO). The results of the original model for fermion masses, quark mixing and the solar mixing angle are maintained to good precision. The atmospheric and solar mixing angle deviations from TB mixing are subject to simple sum rule bounds.
A K-theory anomaly free supersymmetric flipped SU(5) model from intersecting branes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, C.-M. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: cchen@physics.tamu.edu; Kraniotis, G.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: kraniotis@physics.tamu.edu; Mayes, V.E. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: eric@physics.tamu.edu; Nanopoulos, D.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States) and Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States) and Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece)]. E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu; Walker, J.W. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: jwalker@physics.tamu.edu
2005-10-06
We construct an N=1 supersymmetric three-family flipped SU(5) model from type IIA orientifolds on T{sup 6}/(Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2}) with D6-branes intersecting at general angles. The model is constrained by the requirement that Ramond-Ramond tadpoles cancel, the supersymmetry conditions, and that the gauge boson coupled to the U(1){sub X} factor does not get a string-scale mass via a generalised Green-Schwarz mechanism. The model is further constrained by requiring cancellation of K-theory charges. The spectrum contains a complete grand unified and electroweak Higgs sector, however the latter in a non-minimal number of copies. In addition, it contains extra matter both in bi-fundamental and vector-like representations as well as two copies of matter in the symmetric representation of SU(5)
Duality between SU(N)k and SU(k)N WZW models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Naculich, S.G.; Schnitzer, H.J.
1990-01-01
We exhibit a duality of the SU(N) k WZW model under interchange of the group parameter N and the level k. The primary fields of SU(N) k and SU(k) N are related by transposition of their associated Young tableaux. The holomorphic blocks of the four-point functions of the primary fields are in one-to-one correspondence, and satisfy orthogonality and completeness relations with respect to one another. We derive these relations through a path integral realization of the SU(N) k WZW model in terms of a theory of constrained Dirac fermions. (orig.)
On the SU(2)× SU(2) symmetry in the Hubbard model
Jakubczyk, Dorota; Jakubczyk, Paweł
2012-08-01
We discuss the one-dimensional Hubbard model, on finite sites spin chain, in context of the action of the direct product of two unitary groups SU(2)× SU(2). The symmetry revealed by this group is applicable in the procedure of exact diagonalization of the Hubbard Hamiltonian. This result combined with the translational symmetry, given as the basis of wavelets of the appropriate Fourier transforms, provides, besides the energy, additional conserved quantities, which are presented in the case of a half-filled, four sites spin chain. Since we are dealing with four elementary excitations, two quasiparticles called "spinons", which carry spin, and two other called "holon" and "antyholon", which carry charge, the usual spin- SU(2) algebra for spinons and the so called pseudospin-SU(2) algebra for holons and antiholons, provide four additional quantum numbers.
Path integrals and coherent states of SU(2) and SU(1,1)
Inomata, Akira; Kuratsuji, Hiroshi
1992-01-01
The authors examine several topical subjects, commencing with a general introduction to path integrals in quantum mechanics and the group theoretical backgrounds for path integrals. Applications of harmonic analysis, polar coordinate formulation, various techniques and path integrals on SU(2) and SU(1, 1) are discussed. Soluble examples presented include particle-flux system, a pulsed oscillator, magnetic monopole, the Coulomb problem in curved space and others.The second part deals with the SU(2) coherent states and their applications. Construction and generalization of the SU(2) coherent sta
A continuous family of realistic SUSY SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bajc, Borut, E-mail: borut.bajc@ijs.si [J. Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, 1000, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
2016-06-21
It is shown that the minimal renormalizable supersymmetric SU(5) is still realistic providing the supersymmetric scale is at least few tens of TeV or large R-parity violating terms are considered. In the first case the vacuum is metastable, and different consistency constraints can give a bounded allowed region in the tan β − m{sub susy} plane. In the second case the mass eigenstate electron (down quark) is a linear combination of the original electron (down quark) and Higgsino (heavy colour triplet), and the mass ratio of bino and wino is determined. Both limits lead to light gravitino dark matter.
Calculation of the top quark mass in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leontaris, G.K.; Rizos, J.; Tamvakis, K. (Ioannina Univ. (Greece). Dept. of Physics)
1990-11-08
We present a complete renormalization group calculation of the top-quark mass in the SU(5)xU(1) superstring model. We solve the coupled renormalization group equations for the gauge and Yukawa couplings in the two-loop approximation and obtain the top-quark mass as a function of two parameters of the model which could be chosen to be ratios of singlet VEVs associated with the surplus (U(1)){sup 4} breaking. We obtain a heavy top-quark with 150 GeV{le}m{sub t}<200 GeV, for most part of the parameter space, while lower values are possible only in a very small extremal region. We also compute the allowed range of unification parameters (M{sub x}, sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub w}, {alpha}{sub 3}(M{sub W})) in the presence of a heavy top-quark. (orig.).
Masses and mixing angles in SU(5) gauge model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nandi, S.; Tanaka, K.
1979-01-01
Georgi and Jarlskog mass relations m/sub μ/m/sub e/ = 9m/sub s//m/sub d/, m/sub b/ = m/sub tau/ are obtained above the grand unification mass M = 10 15 GeV with two approx. 5's and one approx. 45 Higgs representations of SU(5) and a discrete symmetry. In the lowest order, the Kobayashi-Maskawa angles are found to be s 2 = -(m/sub c//m/sub t/) /sup 1/2/ and s 3 = -(m/sub u//m/sub t/) /sup 1/2//s 1 , where s 1 is the sine of the Cabibbo angle. The CP violation is considered, and the b quark decays predominantly into c quarks with lifetime of tau/sub b/ approx. equal to 10 -13 s for m/sub t/ = 25 GeV
Sharpening the flipped SU(5) string model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez, J.L. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Dept. of Physics, Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, TX (United States)); Nanopoulos, D.V. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Dept. of Physics, Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, TX (United States) Theoretical Physics Div., CERN, Geneva (Switzerland))
1991-10-17
We present an improved version of the flipped SU(5) string model which accommodates numerous existing and expected features of the low-energy physics world, such as (i) two Higgs doublets with adequate mixing between them; (ii) hierarchy of quark and lepton masses, including relations such as m{sub s}/m{sub b}{proportional to}m{sub {mu}}/m{sub {tau}}, and m{sub c}/m{sub t}{sup 1/2.}, (iii) sufficiently suppressed proton decay operators, with gauge-boson mediated decays favoring p{yields}anti {nu}{sub {tau}}{pi}{sup +} and n{yields}anti {nu}{sub {tau}}, {pi}{sup 0}, (iv) nearly massless {nu}{sub {mu}} and {nu}{sub {tau}}, and {nu}{sub e} in the eV range; (v) heavy top quark (m{sub t} < or approx. 170 GeV) and large ratio of vacuum expectation values (tan {beta} < or approx. 33). (orig.).
A generalization of the deformed algebra of quantum group SU(2)q for Hopf algebra
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ludu, A.; Gupta, R.K.
1992-12-01
A generalization of the deformation of Lie algebra of SU(2) group is established for the Hopf algebra, by modifying the J 3 component in all of its defining commutators. The modification is carried out in terms of a polynomial f, of J 3 and the q-deformation parameter, which contains the known q-deformation functionals as its particular cases. (author). 20 refs
String derived exophobic SU(6)×SU(2) GUTs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bernard, Laura; Faraggi, Alon E.; Glasser, Ivan; Rizos, John; Sonmez, Hasan
2013-01-01
With the apparent discovery of the Higgs boson, the Standard Model has been confirmed as the theory accounting for all sub-atomic phenomena. This observation lends further credence to the perturbative unification in Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) and string theories. The free fermionic formalism yielded fertile ground for the construction of quasi-realistic heterotic-string models, which correspond to toroidal Z 2 ×Z 2 orbifold compactifications. In this paper we study a new class of heterotic-string models in which the GUT group is SU(6)×SU(2) at the string level. We use our recently developed fishing algorithm to extract an example of a three generation SU(6)×SU(2) GUT model. We explore the phenomenology of the model and show that it contains the required symmetry breaking Higgs representations. We show that the model admits flat directions that produce a Yukawa coupling for a single family. The novel feature of the SU(6)×SU(2) string GUT models is that they produce an additional family universal anomaly free U(1) symmetry, and may remain unbroken below the string scale. The massless spectrum of the model is free of exotic states.
Witten's loop in the flipped SU(5) unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Malinský, Michal, E-mail: malinsky@ipnp.troja.mff.cuni.cz [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Rodríguez, Carolina Arbeláez [Centro de Física Teórica de Partículas, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001, Lisboa Portugal and AHEP Group, Instituto de Física Corpuscular - C.S.I.C./Uni (Spain); Kolešová, Helena [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic and Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Techni (Czech Republic)
2014-06-24
We study a very simple, yet potentially realistic renormalizable flipped SU(5) scenario in which the right-handed neutrino masses are generated at very high energies by means of a two-loop diagram similar to that identified by E. Witten in the early 1980's in the SO(10) GUT framework. This mechanism leaves its traces in the baryon number violating signals such as the proton decay, especially in the 'clean' channels with a charged lepton and a neutral meson in the final state.
On the standard model group in F-theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Choi, Kang-Sin
2014-01-01
We analyze the standard model gauge group SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) constructed in F-theory. The non-Abelian part SU(3) x SU(2) is described by a surface singularity of Kodaira type. Blow-up analysis shows that the non-Abelian part is distinguished from the naive product of SU(3) and SU(2), but that it should be a rank three group along the chain of E n groups, because it has non-generic gauge symmetry enhancement structure responsible for desirablematter curves. The Abelian part U(1) is constructed from a globally valid two-form with the desired gauge quantum numbers, using a similar method to the decomposition (factorization) method of the spectral cover. This technique makes use of an extra section in the elliptic fiber of the Calabi-Yau manifold, on which F-theory is compactified. Conventional gauge coupling unification of SU(5) is achieved, without requiring a threshold correction from the flux along the hypercharge direction. (orig.)
SU(5) finite unified theories and the mass of the top quark
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mondragon, M.; Zoupanos, G.
1994-01-01
We present results of a study of phenomenologically interesting SU(5) supersymmetric GUT's, which are finite to all-loops before spontaneous symmetry breaking. The finiteness conditions provide the spontaneously broken theory with relationships among the Yukawa and gauge couplings at the unification point. These in turn predict a heavy top quark mass (∼175-190 GeV). (orig.)
$\\theta_13$, Rare Processes and Proton Decay in Flipped SU(5)
Shafi, Q; Shafi, Qaisar; Tavartkiladze, Zurab
2006-01-01
We consider an extended flipped SU(5) model, supplemented by a flavor ${\\cal U}(1)$ symmetry, which yields bi-large neutrino mixings, charged fermion mass hierarchies and CKM mixings. The third leptonic mixing angle $\\te_{13}$ turns out to lie close to 0.07. For lepton flavor violating processes we find the branching ratios, ${\\rm BR}(\\mu \\to e\\ga)\\sim {\\rm BR}(\\tau \\to e \\ga) \\sim 10^{-4}\\cdot {\\rm BR}(\\tau \\to \\mu \\ga) \\stackrel{<}{_\\sim}5\\cdot 10^{-14}$. The proton lifetime is estimated to $\\tau_{p\\to \\pi^0 e^{+}}\\simeq 10^{34}-10^{36}$ yrs.
Inflation and monopoles in supersymmetric SU(4)c x SU(2)L x SU(2)R
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jeannerot, R.; Khalil, S.; Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
2000-02-01
We show how hybrid inflation can be successfully realized in a supersymmetric model with gauge group G PS = SU(4) c x SU(2) L x SU(2) R . By including a non-renormalizable superpotential term, we generate an inflationary valley along which G PS is broken to the standard model gauge group. Thus, catastrophic production of the doubly charged magnetic monopoles, which are predicted by the model, cannot occur at the end of inflation. The results of the cosmic background explorer can be reproduced with natural values (of order 10 -3 ) of the relevant coupling constant, and symmetry breaking scale of G PS close to 10 16 GeV. The spectral index of density perturbations lies between unity and 0.94. Moreover, the μ-term is generated via a Peccei-Quinn symmetry and proton is practically stable. Baryogenesis in the universe takes place via leptogenesis. The low deuterium abundance constraint on the baryon asymmetry, the gravitino limit on the reheat temperature and the requirement of almost maximal ν μ - ν τ mixing from SuperKamiokande can be simultaneously met with m νμ , m ντ and heaviest Dirac neutrino mass determined from the large angle MSW resolution of the solar neutrino problem, the SuperKamiokande results and SU(4) c symmetry respectively. (author)
Analytic study of SU(3) lattice gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zheng Xite; Xu Yong
1989-01-01
The variational-cumulant expansion method has been extended to the case of lattice SU(3) Wilson model. The plaquette energy as an order paramenter has been calculated to the 2nd order expansion. No 1st order phase transition in the D = 4 case is found which is in agreement with the monte Carlo results, and the 1st order phase transition in the d = 5 case is clearly seen. The method can be used in the study of problems in LGT with SU(3) gauge group
Gauge symmetry breaking in the hidden sector of the flipped SU(5)xU(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, I.; Rizos, J. (Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France)); Tamvakis, K. (Theoretical Physics Div., Univ. Ioannina (Greece))
1992-03-26
We analyze the SU(5)xU(1)'xU(1){sup 4}xSO(10)xSU(4) superstring model with a spontaneously broken hidden sector down to SO(7)xSO(5) taking into account non-renormalizable superpotential terms up to eight order. As a result of the hidden sector breaking the 'exotic' states get a mass and the 'observable' spectrum is composed of the standard three families. In addition, Cabibbo mixing arises at sixth order and an improved fermion mass hierarchy emerges. (orig.).
SU(4): algebraic approach to new resonances. Technical report No. 76-139
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oneda, S.; Takasugi, E.
1976-01-01
Present status of algebraic approach (including the conventional group theoretical method) to new boson resonances in SU(4) is reviewed. The mass formulas, intermultiplet mass relations and the derivation of selection rules for the new resonances are discussed. It is stressed that one does not need to subscribe to the perturbation theoretic point of view towards SU(4) breaking. A possible relation between the SU(3) and SU(4) world is demonstrated. Some crude discussion is given to the new possible P-wave states in the 3.4 to 3.5 GeV region and the problems associated with the X
New grand unified models with intersecting D6-branes, neutrino masses, and flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cvetic, Mirjam [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6396 (United States)]. E-mail: cvetic@cvetic.hep.upenn.edu; Langacker, Paul [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6396 (United States); School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
2007-07-30
We construct new supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified models based on Z{sub 4}xZ{sub 2} orientifolds with intersecting D6-branes. Unlike constructions based on Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2} orientifolds, the orbifold images of the three-cycles wrapped by D6-branes correspond to new configurations and thus allow for models in which, in addition to the chiral sector in 10 and 5-bar representations of SU(5), only, there can be new sectors with (15+15-bar) and (10+10-bar) vector-pairs. We construct an example of such a globally consistent, supersymmetric model with four-families, two Standard Model Higgs pair-candidates and the gauge symmetry U(5)xU(1)xSp(4). In an N=2 sector, there are 5x(15+15-bar) and 1x(10+10-bar) vector-pairs, while another N=1 sector contains one vector-pair of 15-plets. The N=2 vector-pairs can obtain a large mass dynamically by parallel D6-brane splitting in a particular two-torus. The 15-vector-pairs provide, after symmetry breaking to the Standard Model (via parallel D-brane splitting), triplet pair candidates which can in principle play a role in generating Majorana-type masses for left-handed neutrinos, though the necessary Yukawa couplings are absent in the specific construction. This model can also be interpreted as a flipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} grand unified model where the 10-vector-pairs can play the role of Higgs fields, though again there are phenomenological difficulties for the specific construction.
Leptophobic Z{sup {prime}} in stringy flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez, J.L. [Bonner Nuclear Lab, Department of Physics, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States); Nanopoulos, D.V. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, Texas AM University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States)]|[Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Mitchell Campus, The Woodlands, Texas 77381 (United States)
1997-01-01
We show that leptophobic Z{sup {prime}} gauge bosons occur naturally in flipped SU(5) and may shift R{sub b} in an interesting way without upsetting the good values of {Gamma}{sub had} and R{sub c}. Within a string-derived version of the model, we study three possible scenarios and the constraints imposed on model building that would allow the new symmetry to remain unbroken down to low energies. Such a Z{sup {prime}} gauge boson has generation nonuniversal couplings to quarks that violate parity maximally in the up-quark sector, and may contribute significantly to spin asymmetries in polarized pp scattering experiments now being prepared for BNL RHIC. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}
Kim, Jihn E.; Kyae, Bumseok; Nam, Soonkeon
2017-12-01
In string compactifications, frequently the anomalous U(1) gauge symmetry appears which belongs to E_8 × E_8' of the heterotic string. This anomalous U(1) gauge boson obtains mass at the compactification scale (≈ 10^{18 } {GeV}) by absorbing one pseudoscalar (corresponding to the model-independent axion) from the second rank antisymmetric tensor field B_{MN}. Below the compactification scale a global symmetry U(1)_{anom} results whose charge Q_anom is the original gauge U(1) charge. This is the most natural global symmetry, realizing the "invisible" axion. This global symmetry U(1)_{anom} is suitable for a flavor symmetry. In the simplest compactification model with the flipped SU(5) grand unification, all the low energy parameters are calculated in terms of the vacuum expectation values of the standard model singlets.
Instanton partons in 5-dimensional SU(N) gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bolognesi, Stefano; Lee, Kimyeong
2011-01-01
The circle compactification of the 6-dimensional (2,0) superconformal theory of A N-1 type leads to the 5-dimensional SU(N) maximally supersymmetric gauge theory. Instanton solitons embody Kaluza-Klein modes and are conjectured to be composed of partonic constituents. We realize such a parton of 1/N instanton topological charge at the intersection of magnetic flux sheets. After a further compactification with nontrivial Wilson-line expectation value, instantons or calorons have been shown to be split into fundamental monopoles of fractional instanton charge. In the symmetric phase with trivial Wilson-line expectation value, Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield instanton partons emerge more concretely as non-Abelian Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield monopoles of minimum charge allowed in Dirac quantization.
SU(5) unification with TeV-scale leptoquarks
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cox, Peter [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), UTIAS,The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8583 (Japan); Kusenko, Alexander [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California,Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1547 (United States); Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), UTIAS,The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8583 (Japan); Sumensari, Olcyr [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay,Orsay, 91405 (France); Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo,C.P. 66.318, São Paulo, 05315-970 (Brazil); Yanagida, Tsutomu T. [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), UTIAS,The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8583 (Japan)
2017-03-07
It was previously noted that SU(5) unification can be achieved via the simple addition of light scalar leptoquarks from two split 10 multiplets. We explore the parameter space of this model in detail and find that unification requires at least one leptoquark to have mass below ≈16 TeV. We point out that introducing splitting of the 24 allows the unification scale to be raised beyond 10{sup 16} GeV, while a U(1){sub PQ} symmetry can be imposed to forbid dangerous proton decay mediated by the light leptoquarks. The latest bounds from LHC searches are combined and we find that a leptoquark as light as 400 GeV is still permitted. Finally, we discuss the interesting possibility that the leptoquarks required for unification could also be responsible for the 2.6σ deviation observed in the ratio R{sub K} at LHCb.
SUSY signals at DESY HERA in the no-scale flipped SU(5) supergravity model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopez, J.L.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Wang, X.; Zichichi, A. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, Texas A M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, Texas 77381 (United States) CERN, Geneva (Switzerland))
1993-11-01
Sparticle production and detection at DESY HERA are studied within the recently proposed no-scale flipped SU(5) supergravity model. Among the various reaction channels that could lead to sparticle production at HERA, only the following are within its limit of sensitivity in this model: [ital e][sup [minus
Reason for SU(6) grand unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, J.E.
1981-08-01
An SU(6) model can naturally guarantee strong CP invariance. This also includes Georgi and Glashow's SU(5) model. The axion in this model can be either invisible or visible, depending on the symmetry breaking scheme. The invisible axion is identical to a Majoron. Also, there exists a relationship between 24sub(H) and 45sub(H) of SU(5). (author)
Hierarchical Neutrino Masses and Mixing in Flipped-SU(5)
Rizos, J
2010-01-01
We consider the problem of neutrino masses and mixing in the framework of flipped SU(5). The right-handed neutrino mass, generated through the operation of a seesaw mechanism by a sector of gauge singlets, leads naturally, at a subsequent level, to the standard seesaw mechanism resulting into three light neutrino states with masses of the desired phenomenological order of magnitude. In this framework we study simple Ansatze for the singlet couplings for which hierarchical neutrino masses emerge naturally, parametrized in terms of the Cabbibo parameter. The resulting neutrino mixing matrices are characterized by a hierarchical structure, in which theta-(13) is always predicted to be the smallest. Finally, we discuss a possible factorized parametrization of the neutrino mass that, in addition to Cabbibo mixing, encodes also mixing due to the singlet sector.
From Minimal to Realistic Supersymmetric SU(5) Grand Unification
Altarelli, Guido; Masina, I; Altarelli, Guido; Feruglio, Ferruccio; Masina, Isabella
2000-01-01
We construct and discuss a "realistic" example of SUSY SU(5) GUT model, with an additional U(1) flavour symmetry, that is not plagued by the need of large fine tunings, like those associated with doublet-triplet splitting in the minimal model, and that leads to an acceptable phenomenology. This includes coupling unification with a value of alpha_s(m_Z) in much better agreement with the data than in the minimal version, an acceptable hierarchical pattern for fermion masses and mixing angles, also including neutrino masses and mixings, and a proton decay rate compatible with present limits (but the discovery of proton decay should be within reach of the next generation of experiments). In the neutrino sector the preferred solution is one with nearly maximal mixing both for atmospheric and solar neutrinos.
Constraints from proton decay in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leontaris, G.K.; Tamvakis, K. (Ioannina Univ. (Greece). Theoretical Physics Div.)
1991-05-16
We discuss the constraints the emerge from the existence of dimension-5 baryon-violating operators in the flipped SU(5) x U(1) superstring model. These are constraints on matter field assignments and on singlet VEV values. Although baryon-violating dimension-5 operators that appear as quintic non-renormalizable terms vanish as has been proven before and as we verify here, effective dimension-5 operators resulting from Higgs exchange put non-trivial but feasible constraints on the model. Constraints are also extracted from the presence of higher order non-renormalizable terms that generate such operators which do not a priori vanish. (orig.).
An approach to gauge hierarchy in the minimal SU(5) model of grand unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ghose, P.
1982-08-01
It is shown that if all mass generation through spontaneous symmetry breaking is predominantly caused by scalar loops in the minimal SU(5) model of grand unification, it is possible to have an arbitrarily large gauge hierarchy msub(x) >> msub(w) with all Higgs bosons superheavy. No fine tuning is necessary in every order. (author)
Coherent states for polynomial su(2) algebra
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sadiq, Muhammad; Inomata, Akira
2007-01-01
A class of generalized coherent states is constructed for a polynomial su(2) algebra in a group-free manner. As a special case, the coherent states for the cubic su(2) algebra are discussed. The states so constructed reduce to the usual SU(2) coherent states in the linear limit
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kynshi, M.L.; Parida, M.K.
1993-01-01
We find that the presence of a real scalar in the grand desert transforming as ζ(3,0,8) under SU(2) L xU(1) Y xSU(3) C ensures the agreement of the GUT predictions with the data from CERN LEP and proton lifetime (τ p ). The mass of ζ is predicted to be close to the Peccei-Quinn symmetry-breaking scale. The computation of the threshold effects in SU(5) with Higgs representations 24, 5, and 75 shows that the maximum allowed τ p for reasonable superheavy Higgs boson masses is accessible to experimental tests at low energies. The additional predictions in SO(10) are small neutrino masses compatible with solutions to the solar-neutrino problem and the dark matter of the Universe
Strongest experimental constraints on SU(5)xU(1) supergravity models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lopez, J.L.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Park, G.T.; Zichichi, A.
1994-01-01
We consider a class of well-motivated string-inspired flipped SU(5) supergravity models which include four supersymmetry-breaking scenarios: no-scale, strict no-scale, dilaton, and special dilaton, such that only three parameters are needed to describe all new phenomena (m t ,tanβ,m g ). We show that the CERN LEP precise measurements of the electroweak parameters in the form of the ε 1 variable and the CLEO II allowed range for B(b→sγ) are at present the most important experimental constraints on this class of models. For m t approx-gt 155 (165) GeV, the ε 1 constraint [at 90 (95)% C.L.] requires the presence of light charginos (m χ1 ± approx-lt 50--100 GeV depending on m t ). Since all sparticle masses are proportional to m g , m χ1 ± approx-lt 100 GeV implies m χ1 0 approx-lt 55 GeV, m χ2 0 approx-lt 100 GeV, m g approx-lt 360 GeV, m q approx-lt 350 (365) GeV, m e R approx-lt 80 (125) GeV, m e L approx-lt 120 (155) GeV, and m n u approx-lt 100 (140) GeV in the no-scale (dilaton) flipped SU(5) supergravity model. The B(b→sγ) constraint excludes a significant fraction of the otherwise allowed region in the (m χ1 ± ,tanβ) plane (irrespective of the magnitude of the chargino mass), while future experimental improvements will result in decisive tests of these models
Phase-structure of SU(3) lattice gauge-higgs model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gerdt, V.P.; Mitrjushkin, V.K.; Zadorozhny, A.M.
1985-01-01
Phase structure is investigated of SU(3) symmetric gauge-Higgs theory with a defrost radial mode. The Higgs fields are considered in the fundamental representation of SU(3) group. It is shown that the phase structures of SU(3) and SU(2) symmetric coincide qualitatively
Vortices in the SU(N) x SU(N) spin systems in two dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kares, R.J.D.
1982-01-01
The SU(N) x SU(N) or chiral spin systems in two dimensions with spin variables in both the fundamental and the adjoint representations of SU(N) are considered. In the adjoint representation the chiral models are found to possess topologically stable, classical vortex solutions which carry a Z(N) topological charge. A relationship is established between the chiral models and massive Yang-Mills theory in two dimensions. This relationship is exploited to prove the asymptotic freedom of the chiral models and to find their weak coupling mass gap. The connection between the vortices of the chiral models and those of the massive Yang-Mills theory is discussed. The behavior of a gas of vortices in the SU(2) chiral model is considered. This gas is converted to an equivalent field theory and studied using the renormalization group. It is shown that the SU(2) vortex gas does not undergo a Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition. This behavior probably persists for the higher SU(N) groups as well. Finally, using the massive Yang-Mills theory the effect of the coupling of vortices to spin wave fluctuations is investigated. It is argued that as a result of the vortex-spin wave interaction the vortices acquire a mass scale dynamically. A self consistency condition is derived for the vortex scale and used to compute the mass gap for the chiral models in the presence of vortices. The mass gap obtained in this way is found to be in agreement with the weak coupling result suggesting that vortices may be responsible for generating the mass gap in the chiral models near T = 0
Hoenigl, Martin; Raggam, Reinhard B; Wagner, Jasmin; Valentin, Thomas; Leitner, Eva; Seeber, Katharina; Zollner-Schwetz, Ines; Krammer, Werner; Prüller, Florian; Grisold, Andrea J; Krause, Robert
2013-02-01
Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) serum concentrations have recently been described to reflect the severity status of systemic inflammation. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of suPAR, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) to predict bacteremia in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) was compared. A total of 132 patients with SIRS were included. In 55 patients blood cultures had resulted positive (study group 1, Gram positive bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus spp., n=15; study group 2, Gram-negative bacteria, n=40) and 77 patients had negative blood culture results (control group, n=77). Simultaneously with blood cultures suPAR, CRP, PCT, IL-6 and white blood count (WBC) were determined. SuPAR values were significantly higher in study group 1 (median 8.11; IQR 5.78-15.53; p=0.006) and study group 2 (median 9.62; IQR 6.52-11.74; p<0.001) when compared with the control group (median 5.65; IQR 4.30-7.83). ROC curve analysis revealed an AUC of 0.726 for suPAR in differentiating SIRS patients with bacteremia from those without. The biomarkers PCT and IL-6 showed comparable results. Regarding combinations of biomarkers multiplying suPAR, PCT and IL-6 was most promising and resulted in an AUC value of 0.804. Initial suPAR serum concentrations were significantly higher (p=0.028) in patients who died within 28 days than in those who survived. No significant difference was seen for PCT, IL-6 and CRP. In conclusion, suPAR, IL-6 and PCT may contribute to predicting bacteremia in SIRS patients. Copyright © 2012 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Phenomenological implications of the flipped SU(5) x U(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tamvakis, K. (Physics Dept., Univ. of Ioannina (Greece))
1991-07-01
We study in detail gauge symmetry breaking in the SU(5)xU(1)'xU(1){sup 4}xSO(10)xSO(6) superstring model, solving the D and F-flatness conditions and taking into account quartic and quintic superpotential terms. We find that, to this order, the model describes two massive generations of quarks and leptons as well as a massless generation expected to receive naturally suppressed masses from higher order non-renormalizable terms. D and F-flatness restricts the number of massless isodoublets to four. We solve the coupled renormalization group equations for the gauge and Yukawa couplings in the two-loop approximation and obtain the top-quark mass as a function of two parameters of the model which could be chosen to be ratios of singlet v.e.v's associated with the surplus (U(1)){sup 4} breaking. We obtain a heavy top-quark with 150GeV {<=} m{sub 1} < 200GeV, for most part of the parameter space, while lower values are possible only in a very small extermal region. We also compute the allowed range of unification parameters (M{sub x}, sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub w}, {alpha}{sub 3}(M{sub w})) in the presence of a heavy top quark. (orig.).
Hierarchical neutrino masses and mixing in flipped-SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rizos, J. [Physics Department, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina (Greece); Tamvakis, K., E-mail: tamvakis@uoi.g [Physics Department, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina (Greece); Physics Department, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)
2010-02-22
We consider the problem of neutrino masses and mixing in the framework of flipped SU(5). The right-handed neutrino mass, generated through the operation of a seesaw mechanism by a sector of gauge singlets, leads naturally, at a subsequent level, to the standard seesaw mechanism resulting into three light neutrino states with masses of the desired phenomenological order of magnitude. In this framework we study simple Ansaetze for the singlet couplings for which hierarchical neutrino masses emerge naturally as lambda{sup n}:lambda:1 or lambda{sup n}:lambda{sup 2}:1, parametrized in terms of the Cabbibo parameter. The resulting neutrino mixing matrices are characterized by a hierarchical structure, in which theta{sub 13} is always predicted to be the smallest. Finally, we discuss a possible factorized parametrization of the neutrino mass that, in addition to Cabbibo mixing, encodes also mixing due to the singlet sector.
Superheavy contributions to FCNC in the flipped SU(5) x U(1)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gabbiani, F.; Masiero, A.
1988-08-04
In the supersymmetric GUT's the presence of the superheavy fields yields new contributions to flavour-changing neutral-current effects at low energy. We analyse this phenomenon in the context of the flipped SU(5) x U(1) superstring (-inspired) model. We show that possibly sizeable flavour leptonic changes (..mu.. -> e..gamma.., ..mu.. -> eeanti e, ..mu..-e conversion in nuclei) are generated. K-anti K, B-anti B mixings and b -> s..gamma.. constrain new couplings at the superlarge scale, which are unrelated to the standard Yukawa coefficients.
New hierarchy in GUTs based on SU(n,1)/SU(n)U(1) SUGRA
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hayashi, M.J.; Murayama, Akihiro
1985-01-01
Grand unified theories (GUTs) in the framework of SU(n, 1)/SU(n) x U(1) supergravity are discussed which naturally generate a new hierarchy, Msub(P) (Planck mass): Msub(X) (GUT scale):msub(3/2) (gravitino mass):m (explicit supersymmetry breaking scale)=1:epsilon:epsilon 3 :epsilon 5 α(Msub(X)) with Msub(P) as the only input mass scale. The SUSY breaking scale m is expected to be fixed radiatively as mproportionalMsub(W), i.e., epsilonproportional10 -3 . Our method would be applicable to any GUT based on SU(n, 1)/SU(n) x U(1) supergravity. (orig.)
Flavor violations in no-scale flipped SU(5)xU(1)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Faraggi, A.E.; Lopez, J.L.; Nonopoulos, D.V.; Yuan, K.
1989-05-04
We study lepton-number violations in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) model in the context of no-scale supergravity. We find that the experimental limits on ..mu..->e..gamma.., ..mu..->eeanti e, and ..mu.. conversion in nuclei generally imply an upper bound on the top quark mass and a lower bound on the gaugino mass. We conclude that the seed of supersymmetry breaking in no-scale models (gaugino masses) radically changes some results obtained in ''minimal'' N=1 supergravity in the leptonic sector, while results in the hadronic sector (e.g. K-anti K, B-anti B mixings, and b->s..gamma..) remain essentially unchanged.
Hadronic EDMs in SUSY SU(5) GUTs with right-handed neutrinos
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hisano, Junji; Kakizaki, Mitsuru; Nagai, Minoru; Shimizu, Yasuhiro
2004-01-01
We discuss hadronic EDM constraints on the neutrino sector in the SUSY SU(5) GUT with the right-handed neutrinos. The hadronic EDMs are sensitive to the right-handed down-type squark mixings, especially between the second and third generations and between the first and third ones, compared with the other low-energy hadronic observables, and the flavor mixings are induced by the neutrino Yukawa interaction. The current experimental bound of the neutron EDM may imply that the right-handed tau neutrino mass is smaller than about 10 14 GeV in the minimal supergravity scenario, and it may be improved furthermore in future experiments, such as the deuteron EDM measurement
Group theory for unified model building
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Slansky, R.
1981-01-01
The results gathered here on simple Lie algebras have been selected with attention to the needs of unified model builders who study Yang-Mills theories based on simple, local-symmetry groups that contain as a subgroup the SUsup(w) 2 x Usup(w) 1 x SUsup(c) 3 symmetry of the standard theory of electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions. The major topics include, after a brief review of the standard model and its unification into a simple group, the use of Dynkin diagrams to analyze the structure of the group generators and to keep track of the weights (quantum numbers) of the representation vectors; an analysis of the subgroup structure of simple groups, including explicit coordinatizations of the projections in weight space; lists of representations, tensor products and branching rules for a number of simple groups; and other details about groups and their representations that are often helpful for surveying unified models, including vector-coupling coefficient calculations. Tabulations of representations, tensor products, and branching rules for E 6 , SO 10 , SU 6 , F 4 , SO 9 , SO 5 , SO 8 , SO 7 , SU 4 , E 7 , E 8 , SU 8 , SO 14 , SO 18 , SO 22 , and for completeness, SU 3 are included. (These tables may have other applications.) Group-theoretical techniques for analyzing symmetry breaking are described in detail and many examples are reviewed, including explicit parameterizations of mass matrices. (orig.)
Fischer matrices of Dempwolff group $2^{5}{^{cdot}}GL(5,2$
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ayoub Basheer Mohammed Basheer
2012-12-01
Full Text Available In cite{Demp2} Dempwolff proved the existence of a group of theform $2^{5}{^{cdot}}GL(5,2$ (a non split extension of theelementary abelian group $2^{5}$ by the general linear group$GL(5,2$. This group is the second largest maximal subgroup of thesporadic Thompson simple group $mathrm{Th}.$ In this paper wecalculate the Fischer matrices of Dempwolff group $overline{G} =2^{5}{^{cdot}}GL(5,2.$ The theory of projective characters isinvolved and we have computed the Schur multiplier together with aprojective character table of an inertia factor group. The fullcharacter table of $overline{G}$ is then can be calculated easily.
SU(3)xSU(2) color symmetry and Usub(B)(1)xSUsub(f)(4) quark model of hadrons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Khrushchov, V.V.
1982-01-01
A quark model with a generalized color group SUsub(c)(3)xSU'sub(c)(2) is treated in the framework of the SUsub(f)(4)xUsub(B)(1) symnetry of strong interactions. The model contains twelve standard u, d, s, c quarks and new quarks belonging to representation 6 of the SU(4) group. The properties of new quarks are considered with respect to the color group and some properties of the exotic states, predicted by the model are presented
Low-energy lepton violation from supersymmetric flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brahm, D.E.; Hall, L.J. (Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (US) Theoretical Physics Group, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720)
1989-10-01
We construct a supersymmetric flipped SU(5){direct product}U(1) model which violates {ital R} parity and electron number at low energies, through a superpotential term (1/2{ital C}{sup {ital ijk}}L{sub i}L{sub j}E{sub k}{sup c}). Rotation of the electron and Higgs superfields makes this term also responsible for charged-lepton masses. The model employs a missing-partners mechanism for the Higgs fields and a seesaw mechanism for the neutrinos. It correctly predicts the approximate electron mass and several mass relations, as well as numerical values for the grand unification scale and the {ital C}{sup {ital ijk}} coefficients. The electron-neutrino Majorana mass is close to experimental limits, and provides constraints. Interesting {ital Z}{sup 0} decays are predicted: e.g., {ital Z}{sup 0}{r arrow}e{sup {minus}}{mu}{sup +}e{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}} with invariant-mass peaks in the ({ital e},{mu}) channels.
On the Weyl character formula for SU(n)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Plymen, R.J.
1976-01-01
A straight line is drawn between the representation theory of SU(3) and the SU(3)-classification schemes in particle physics. The approach is based on that of Weyl (The Theory of Groups and Quantum Mechanics, Dover, New York, p. 381 (1950)). The present formulation brings an important part of particle physics into line with two contemporary accounts of compact Lie groups. (author)
SP(6) X SU(2) and SO(8) X SU(2) - symmetric fermion-dynamic model of multinucleon systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baktybaev, K.
2007-01-01
In last years a new approach describing collective states of multinucleon system on the base of their fermion dynamic symmetry was developed. Such fermion model is broad and logical one in comparison with the phenomenological model of interacting bosons. In cut fermion S- and D- pair spaces complicated nucleons interactions are approximating in that way so multinucleon system Hamiltonian becomes a simple function of fermion generators forming corresponding Lie algebra. Correlation fermion pairs are structured in such form so its operators of birth and destruction together with a set multiband operators are formed Sp(6) and SO(8) algebra of these pairs and SU(2)-algebra for so named anomalous pairs. For convenience at the model practical application to concrete systems the dynamical-symmetric Hamiltonian is writing by means of independent Casimir operators of subgroup are reductions of a large group. It is revealed, that observed Hamiltonians besides the known SU 3 , and SO 6 asymptotic borders have also more complicated 'vibration-like' borders SO 7 , SO 5 XSU 2 and SU 2 XSO 3 . In the paper both advantages and disadvantages of these borders and some its applications to specific nuclear systems are discussing
The algebra and geometry of SU(3) matrices
Mallesh, KS; Mukunda, N
1997-01-01
We give an elementary treatment of the defining representation and Lie algebra of the three-dimensional unitary unimodular group SU(3). The geometrical properties of the Lie algebra, which is an eight dimensional real Linear vector space, are developed in an SU(3) covariant manner. The f and d symbols of SU(3) lead to two ways of 'multiplying' two vectors to produce a third, and several useful geometric and algebraic identities are derived. The axis-angle parametrization of SU(3) is developed...
Diversity of off-shell twisted (4,4) multiplets in SU(2)xSU(2) harmonic superspace
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ivanov, E.A.; Sutulin, A.O.
2004-01-01
We elaborate on four different types of twisted N=(4,4) supermultiplets in the SU(2)xSU(2), 2D harmonic superspace. In the conventional N=(4,4), 2D superspace they are described by the superfields q ia , q Ia , q IA , subjected to proper differential constraints, (i, I, a, A) being the doublet indices of four groups SU(2) which form the full R-symmetry group SO(4) L xSO(4) R of N=(4,4) supersymmetry. We construct the torsionful off-shell sigma-model actions for each type of these multiplets, as well as the corresponding invariant mass terms, in an analytic subspace of the SU(2)xSU(2) harmonic superspace. As an instructive example, N=(4,4) superconformal extension of the SU(2)xU(1) WZNW sigma-model action and its massive deformation are presented for the multiplet q iA . We prove that N=(4,4) supersymmetry requires the general sigma-model action of pair of different multiplets to split into a sum of sigma-model actions of each multiplet. This phenomenon also persists if a larger number of non-equivalent multiplets are simultaneously included. We show that different multiplets may interact with each other only through mixed mass terms which can be set up for multiplets belonging to 'self-dual' pairs (q ia , q IA ) and (q Ia , q iA ). The multiplets from different pairs cannot interact at all. For a 'self-dual' pair of the twisted multiplets we give the most general form of the on-shell scalar potential
The winding number of three complexes in SU(3)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lasher, G.
1989-01-01
The Phillip-Stone algorithm for the topological charge of a lattice gauge field requires the computation of the winding number of certain 3-complexes in the space of the group. The extension of the computational procedure for the SU(2) gauge group to SU(3) requires an understanding of the SU(3) geometry. An important issue is the behavior of a 3-cell in SU(3) as it approaches a critical configuration, i.e., one at which the cell is a discontinuous function of its vertices. A measure of the proximity of a cell to criticality is found and a method for computing its contribution to the winding number is recommended. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kibler, M.; Grenet, G.
1979-07-01
The SU 2 unit tensor operators tsub(k,α) are studied. In the case where the spinor point group G* coincides with U 1 , then tsub(k α) reduces up to a constant to the Wigner-Racah-Schwinger tensor operator tsub(kqα), an operator which produces an angular momentum state. One first investigates those general properties of tsub(kα) which are independent of their realization. The tsub(kα) in terms of two pairs of boson creation and annihilation operators are realized. This leads to look at the Schwinger calculus relative to one angular momentum of two coupled angular momenta. As a by-product, a procedure is given for producing recursion relationships between SU 2 Wigner coefficients. Finally, some of the properties of the Wigner and Racah operators for an arbitrary compact group and the SU 2 coupling coefficients are studied
Determination of the chiral SU(4) x SU(4) breaking parameters
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Das, K.P.; Deshpande, N.G.
1978-06-01
Broken chiral SU(4) x SU(4) symmetry: from the observed mass spectrum of pseudoscalar charmed mesons the symmetry breakig parameters of the theory could be solved. It is found that both vacuum and Hamiltonian breaking play an important role as far as charmed states are concerned. Purely from the masses of D and F mesons the current algebra mass ratio m/sub c//m/sub s/ < 5 is deduced. This differs greatly from values obtained using linear or quadratic mass formulas. Considering eta, eta', and eta/sub c/ mixing a good solution with m/sub c//m/sub s/ approx. 3.2 and (anti cc)/anti uu) approx. 5.67 is further obtained. 18 references
UTC(SU) and EOP(SU) - the only legal reference frames of Russian Federation
Koshelyaevsky, Nikolay B.; Blinov, Igor Yu; Pasynok, Sergey L.
2015-08-01
There are two legal time reference frames in Russian Federation. UTC(SU) deals with atomic time and play a role of reference for legal timing through the whole country. The other one, EOP(SU), deals with Earth's orientation parameters and provides the official EOP data for scientific, technical and metrological applications in Russia.The atomic time is based on two essential hardware components: primary Cs fountain standards and ensemble of continuously operating H-masers as a time unit/time scale keeper. Basing on H-maser intercomparison system data, regular H-maser frequency calibration against Cs standards and time algorithm autonomous TA(SU) time scale is maintained by the Main Metrological Center. Since 2013 time unit in TA(SU) is the second (SU) reproduced independently by VNIIFTRI Cs primary standards in accordance to it’s definition in the SI. UTC(SU) is relied on TA(SU) and steering to UTC basing on TWSTFT/GNSS time link data. As a result TA(SU) stability level relative to TT considerably exceeds 1×10-15 for sample time one month and more, RMS[UTC-UTC(SU)] ≤ 3 ns for the period of 2013-2015. UTC(SU) is broadcasted by different national means such as specialized radio and TV stations, NTP servers and GLONASS. Signals of Russian radio stations contains DUT1 and dUT1 values at 0.1s and 0.02s resolution respectively.The definitive EOP(SU) are calculated by the Main Metrological Center basing on composition of the eight independent individual EOP data streams delivered by four Russian analysis centers: VNIIFTRI, Institute of Applied Astronomy, Information-Analytical Center of Russian Space Agency and Analysis Center of Russian Space Agency. The accuracy of ultra-rapid EOP values for 2014 is estimated ≤ 0.0006" for polar motion, ≤ 70 microseconds for UT1-UTC and ≤ 0.0003" for celestial pole offsets respectively.The other VNIIFTRI EOP activities can be grouped in three basic directions:- arrangement and carrying out GNSS and SLR observations at five
SU(3)_C× SU(2)_L× U(1)_Y( × U(1)_X ) as a symmetry of division algebraic ladder operators
Furey, C.
2018-05-01
We demonstrate a model which captures certain attractive features of SU(5) theory, while providing a possible escape from proton decay. In this paper we show how ladder operators arise from the division algebras R, C, H, and O. From the SU( n) symmetry of these ladder operators, we then demonstrate a model which has much structural similarity to Georgi and Glashow's SU(5) grand unified theory. However, in this case, the transitions leading to proton decay are expected to be blocked, given that they coincide with presumably forbidden transformations which would incorrectly mix distinct algebraic actions. As a result, we find that we are left with G_{sm} = SU(3)_C× SU(2)_L× U(1)_Y / Z_6. Finally, we point out that if U( n) ladder symmetries are used in place of SU( n), it may then be possible to find this same G_{sm}=SU(3)_C× SU(2)_L× U(1)_Y / Z_6, together with an extra U(1)_X symmetry, related to B-L.
The algebra and geometry of SU(3) matrices
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mallesh, K.S.; Mukunda, N.
1997-01-01
We give an elementary treatment of the defining representation and Lie algebra of the three-dimensional unitary unimodular group SU(3). The geometrical properties of the Lie algebra, which is an eight dimensional real linear vector space, are developed in an SU(3) covariant manner. The f and d symbols of SU(3) lead to two ways of multiplying two vectors to produce a third, and several useful geometric and algebraic identities are derived. The axis-angle parametrization of SU(3) is developed as a generalization of that for SU(2), and the specifically new features are brought out. Application to the dynamics of three-level system is outlined. (author)
Analysis list: Su(var)205 [Chip-atlas[Archive
Lifescience Database Archive (English)
Full Text Available Su(var)205 Adult,Embryo,Larvae + dm3 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3.../target/Su(var)205.1.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Su(var)205.5.tsv http://dbarc...hive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Su(var)205.10.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/c...olo/Su(var)205.Adult.tsv,http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Su(var)205.Embryo.tsv,http:...//dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Su(var)205.Larvae.tsv http://dbarchive
Sunnetcioglu, Aysel; Sunnetcioglu, Mahmut; Adıyaman, Fırat; Binici, Irfan; Soyoral, Lokman
2017-11-01
Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a biomarker that is increasingly used for evaluation of systemic inflammation. This study was performed to investigate whether suPAR may possess a diagnostic value in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This clinical study was performed in the anesthesia intensive care units (ICUs) of our university. In addition to descriptive data, WBC, serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and suPAR prior to and after development of VAP were noted and compared in 31 patients (22 men, 9 women) diagnosed with VAP (Study Group) and 19 patients without VAP (Control Group) in ICU (14 men, 5 women). The suPAR (P = 0.023), CRP (P = 0.037), WBCs (P = 0.024) in patients with VAP were significantly higher than patients without VAP. There was no remarkable difference in terms of WBCs (P = 0.052) and suPAR levels (P = 0.616) between groups on the first day of connection to mechanical ventilator. The suPAR and CRP levels in patients with VAP were significantly higher than prior to development of VAP (P = 0.001 for both). Area under curve value after diagnosis of pneumonia was found 0.248 (P = 0.002). To conclude, our results suggest that suPAR can be a useful diagnostic biomarker in patients with VAP. However, clinical trials on larger series are warranted to explore the clinical significance more accurately. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Gauge hierarchy problem and a nonscaling SU(5) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tajnov, Eh.A.
1987-01-01
It is shown that the problems of gauge hierarchy anf Higgs hierarchy have a common origin, and a way is proposed for their combined solution in a no-scale supersymmetric SU(5) gauge model, related to the N=1 supergravity. A reason of appearance of the grand unification scale, M G , is the dimensional transmutation owing to quantum corrections to the classical potential. In this model, the Higgs hierarchy is established automatically by means of the singlet mechanism, which does not require a fine tuning of the superpotential parameters. The effective potential for the singlet field X has a minimum at =M G =2.2x10 16 GeV. The scale parameter M G does not depend on the gravitino mass and initial values of the Yukawa coupling constants but depends on initial values of the gauge constant α -1 (0)=22.7 and on the trilinear supergravity constant A=1.84 at a scale M=M p /√8π=2.43x10 18 GeV
Minimal supersymmetric hybrid inflation, flipped SU(5) and proton decay
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rehman, Mansoor Ur; Shafi, Qaisar [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Wickman, Joshua R., E-mail: jwickman@udel.ed [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)
2010-04-26
Minimal supersymmetric hybrid inflation utilizes a canonical Kaehler potential and a renormalizable superpotential which is uniquely determined by imposing a U(1) R-symmetry. In computing the scalar spectral index n{sub s} we take into account modifications of the tree level potential caused by radiative and supergravity corrections, as well as contributions from the soft supersymmetry breaking terms with a negative soft mass-squared term allowed for the inflaton. All of these contributions play a role in realizing n{sub s} values in the range 0.96-0.97 preferred by WMAP. The U(1) R-symmetry plays an important role in flipped SU(5) by eliminating the troublesome dimension five proton decay. The proton decays into e{sup +}pi{sup 0} via dimension six operators arising from the exchange of superheavy gauge bosons with a lifetime of order 10{sup 34}-10{sup 36} years.
On reducibility of mapping class group representations: the SU(N) case
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Fjelstad, Jens
2010-01-01
of examples where we can show reducibility significantly by establishing the existence of algebras with the required properties using methods developed by Fuchs, Runkel and Schweigert. As a result we show that the quantum representations are reducible in the SU(N) case, N>2, for all levels k\\in \\mathbb...
On the algebraic realization of SU(4) symmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asatryan, G.M.; Zaslavsky, A.N.
1976-01-01
A possibility of nonlinear realization of the symmetry with linearization on the SU(4)xYxC group is discussed. Algebraic properties of SU(4) are restored from the Weinberg condition: amplitudes of goldstone scattering on particles should have a reasonable (as in the Regge theory) asymptotic behaviour. In this case the breaking appears to be minimal. Large values of psi meson masses lead to high-lying charmed trajectories in the SU(4) algebraic realization
Nataf, Pierre; Mila, Frédéric
2018-04-01
We develop an efficient method to perform density matrix renormalization group simulations of the SU(N ) Heisenberg chain with open boundary conditions taking full advantage of the SU(N ) symmetry of the problem. This method is an extension of the method previously developed for exact diagonalizations and relies on a systematic use of the basis of standard Young tableaux. Concentrating on the model with the fundamental representation at each site (i.e., one particle per site in the fermionic formulation), we have benchmarked our results for the ground-state energy up to N =8 and up to 420 sites by comparing them with Bethe ansatz results on open chains, for which we have derived and solved the Bethe ansatz equations. The agreement for the ground-state energy is excellent for SU(3) (12 digits). It decreases with N , but it is still satisfactory for N =8 (six digits). Central charges c are also extracted from the entanglement entropy using the Calabrese-Cardy formula and agree with the theoretical values expected from the SU (N) 1 Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal field theories.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maurice R. Kibler
2010-07-01
Full Text Available We propose a group-theoretical approach to the generalized oscillator algebra Aκ recently investigated in J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 2010, 43, 115303. The case κ ≥ 0 corresponds to the noncompact group SU(1,1 (as for the harmonic oscillator and the Pöschl-Teller systems while the case κ < 0 is described by the compact group SU(2 (as for the Morse system. We construct the phase operators and the corresponding temporally stable phase eigenstates for Aκ in this group-theoretical context. The SU(2 case is exploited for deriving families of mutually unbiased bases used in quantum information. Along this vein, we examine some characteristics of a quadratic discrete Fourier transform in connection with generalized quadratic Gauss sums and generalized Hadamard matrices.
Super-No-Scale F-SU(5): A dynamic determination of M{sub 1/2} and tan{beta}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li Tianjun, E-mail: junlt@physics.tamu.edu [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Maxin, James A., E-mail: jmaxin@physics.tamu.edu [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V., E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States); Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece); Walker, Joel W., E-mail: jwalker@shsu.edu [Department of Physics, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX 77341 (United States)
2011-09-20
We study the Higgs potential in No-Scale F-SU(5), a model built on the tripodal foundations of the F-lipped SU(5)xU(1){sub X} Grand Unified Theory, extra F-theory derived TeV scale vector-like particle multiplets, and the high scale boundary conditions of no-scale supergravity. V{sub min}, the minimum of the potential following radiative electroweak symmetry breaking, is a function at fixed Z-boson mass of the universal gaugino boundary mass M{sub 1/2} and tan{beta}, the ratio of Higgs vacuum expectation values. The so-scale nullification of the bilinear Higgs soft term B{sub {mu}} at the boundary reduces V{sub min}(M{sub 1/2}) to a one-dimensional dependency, which may be secondarily minimized. This 'Super-No-Scale' condition dynamically fixes tan{beta} and M{sub 1/2} at the local minimum minimorum of V{sub min}. Fantastically, the walls of this theoretically established secondary potential coalesce in descent to a striking concurrency with the previously phenomenologically favored 'Golden Point' and 'Golden Strip'.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Jihn E. [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kyae, Bumseok [Pusan National University, Department of Physics, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2017-12-15
In string compactifications, frequently the anomalous U(1) gauge symmetry appears which belongs to E{sub 8} x E{sub 8}{sup '} of the heterotic string. This anomalous U(1) gauge boson obtains mass at the compactification scale (∼ 10{sup 18} GeV) by absorbing one pseudoscalar (corresponding to the model-independent axion) from the second rank antisymmetric tensor field B{sub MN}. Below the compactification scale a global symmetry U(1){sub anom} results whose charge Q{sub anom} is the original gauge U(1) charge. This is the most natural global symmetry, realizing the ''invisible'' axion. This global symmetry U(1){sub anom} is suitable for a flavor symmetry. In the simplest compactification model with the flipped SU(5) grand unification, all the low energy parameters are calculated in terms of the vacuum expectation values of the standard model singlets. (orig.)
Flipped SU(5) from manifold compactification of the ten-dimensional heterotic string
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campbell, B.A.; Ellis, J.; Hagelin, J.S.; Ticciati, R.; Nanopoulos, D.V.
1987-11-19
We show that a recently proposed flipped SU(5) x U(1) GUT cannot be obtained from a conventional SO(10) GUT, nor from the heterotic string by Hosotani gauge symmetry breaking of E/sub 6/ on a manifold with (2,2) world-sheet supersymmetry. It can in principle be obtained by Hosotani gauge symmetry breaking of SO(10) on a manifold with (1,2) world-sheet supersymmetry. We identify the topological conditions under which the required chiral matter generations, Higgs multiplets, and gauge singlet fields can be light. In particular we show that non-perturbative world-sheet instanton effects neither destabilize the manifold nor give masses to the gauge singlets. The required Yukawa couplings are not forbidden by any known selection rules.
Retracing the phenomenology of the flipped SU(5)xU(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rizos, J.; Tamvakis, K. (Ioannina Univ. (Greece). Dept. of Physics)
1990-11-22
We study in detail gauge symmetry breaking in the SU(5)xU(1)'xU(1){sup 4}xSO(10)xSO(6) superstring model, solving the D- and F-flatness conditions and taking into account quartic and quintic superpotential terms. We find that, to this order, the model describes two massive generations of quarks and leptons as well as a massless generation expected to receive naturally suppressed masses from higher order non-renormalizable terms. We show that D-flatness restricts the number of massless isodoublets to four. We also extract an inequality relating the top quark mass to M{sub W}. (orig.).
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. We introduce in this paper embedded Gaussian unitary ensemble of random matrices, for m fermions in Ω number of single particle orbits, generated by random two- body interactions that are SU(4) scalar, called EGUE(2)-SU(4). Here the SU(4) algebra corresponds to Wigner's supermultiplet SU(4) symmetry in ...
SU(n)c x SU(m)L x U(1)N generalizations of the standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pleitez, V.
1993-01-01
Generalizations of the Standard Model which are based on the gauge symmetry SU(n) c x SU(m) L x U(1) N are considered. Although the most interesting possibility occurs when n = 3, it will be considered also the cases n = 4,5, both with m = 3,4. It will also be given possible grand unification scenarios. (author). 18 refs
A separate SU(2) for the third family: Topflavor
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Muller, D.J.; Nandi, S.; Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX
1996-01-01
The authors consider the extended electroweak gauge group SU(2) 1 xSU(2) x xU(1) Y where the first and second families of fermions couple to SU(2) 1 while the third family couples to SU(2) 2 . Bounds based on precision electroweak observables and heavy gauge boson searches are placed on the new parameters of the theory. The extra gauge bosons can be as light as about a TeV and can be discovered at future colliders such as the NLC and LHC for a wide range of the parameter space. FCNC interactions are also considered
Analysis list: Su(z)12 [Chip-atlas[Archive
Lifescience Database Archive (English)
Full Text Available Su(z)12 Embryo,Larvae + dm3 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/S...u(z)12.1.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Su(z)12.5.tsv http://dbarchive.bioscience...dbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Su(z)12.10.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Su(z)12.Embryo....tsv,http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Su(z)12.Larvae.tsv http://dbarchive.bioscience...dbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Embryo.gml,http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Larvae.gml ...
Neutrinos, neutralinos, and light neutral Higgs bosons in supersymmetric flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drees, M.; Tata, X.
1988-05-19
It is shown that the flipped SU(5) model recently proposed by Antoniadis et al. necessarily contains a light scalar N, a light pseudoscalar A, and a light higgsino N. We argue that m/sub N/ and mN lie in the range of a few GeV to a few tens of GeV whereas m/sub A/ is estimated to be below 1 GeV. The interactions of these particles with ordinary matter occur only via superheavy particle exchanges making their direct detection via laboratory experiments essentially impossible. The photino, or more generally the lightest supersymmetric particle of conventional SUSY models, might decay into N + ..gamma.. with a lifetime of order 10/sup 3/ years. Some cosmological implications of the existence of these light particles are pointed out.
Semiclassical description of quantum rotator in terms of SU(2) coherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gitman, D M; Petrusevich, D A; Shelepin, A L
2013-01-01
We introduce coordinates of the rigid body (rotator) using mutual positions between body-fixed and space-fixed reference frames. Wave functions that depend on such coordinates can be treated as scalar functions of the group SU(2). Irreducible representations of the group SU(2) × SU(2) in the space of such functions describe their possible transformations under independent rotations of the both reference frames. We construct sets of the corresponding group SU(2) × SU(2) Perelomov coherent states (CS) with a fixed angular momentum j of the rotator as special orbits of the latter group. Minimization of different uncertainty relations is discussed. The classical limit corresponds to the limit j → ∞. Considering Hamiltonians of rotators with different characteristics, we study the time evolution of the constructed CS. In some cases, the CS time evolution is completely or partially reduced to their parameter time evolution. If these parameters are chosen as Euler angles, then they obey the Euler equations in the classical limit. Quantum corrections to the motion of the quantum rotator can be found from exact equations on the CS parameters. (paper)
Starobinsky-like inflation, supercosmology and neutrino masses in no-scale flipped SU(5)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, King' s College London, WC2R 2LS London (United Kingdom); Garcia, Marcos A.G. [Physics and Astronomy Department, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Nagata, Natsumi [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, 77843 Texas (United States); Olive, Keith A., E-mail: john.ellis@cern.ch, E-mail: marcos.garcia@rice.edu, E-mail: natsumi@hep-th.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu, E-mail: olive@physics.umn.edu [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)
2017-07-01
We embed a flipped SU(5) × U(1) GUT model in a no-scale supergravity framework, and discuss its predictions for cosmic microwave background observables, which are similar to those of the Starobinsky model of inflation. Measurements of the tilt in the spectrum of scalar perturbations in the cosmic microwave background, n {sub s} , constrain significantly the model parameters. We also discuss the model's predictions for neutrino masses, and pay particular attention to the behaviours of scalar fields during and after inflation, reheating and the GUT phase transition. We argue in favor of strong reheating in order to avoid excessive entropy production which could dilute the generated baryon asymmetry.
Fermion Mass Textures in an M-Inspired Flipped SU(5) Model Derived from String
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Lola, S; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V
1998-01-01
We are inspired by the facts that M-theory may reconcile the supersymmetric GUT scale with that of quantum gravity, and that it provides new avenues for low-energy supersymmetry breaking, to re-examine a flipped SU(5) model that has been derived from string and may possess an elevation to a fully-fledged M-phenomenological model. Using a complete analysis of all superpotential terms through the sixth order, we explore in this model a new flat potential direction that provides a pair of light Higgs doublets, yields realistic textures for the fermion mass matrices, and is free of R-violating interactions and dimension-five proton decay operators.
Group 5 Pulmonary Hypertension: The Orphan's Orphan Disease.
Kalantari, Sara; Gomberg-Maitland, Mardi
2016-08-01
Pulmonary hypertension is a complex disorder with multiple etiologies; the World Health Organization classification system divides pulmonary hypertension patients into 5 groups based on the underlying cause and mechanism. Group 5 pulmonary hypertension is a heterogeneous group of diseases that encompasses pulmonary hypertension secondary to multifactorial mechanisms. For many of the diseases, the true incidence, etiology, and treatment remain uncertain. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and management of many of the group 5 pulmonary hypertension disease states. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Quantization of the Poisson SU(2) and its Poisson homogeneous space - the 2-sphere
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sheu, A.J.L.
1991-01-01
We show that deformation quantizations of the Poisson structures on the Poisson Lie group SU(2) and its homogeneous space, the 2-sphere, are compatible with Woronowicz's deformation quantization of SU(2)'s group structure and Podles' deformation quantization of 2-sphere's homogeneous structure, respectively. So in a certain sense the multiplicativity of the Lie Poisson structure on SU(2) at the classical level is preserved under quantization. (orig.)
Phenomenology of the SU(3)cxSU(3)LxU(1)X model with exotic charged leptons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Salazar, Juan C.; Ponce, William A.; Gutierrez, Diego A.
2007-01-01
A phenomenological analysis of the three-family model based on the local gauge group SU(3) c xSU(3) L xU(1) X with exotic charged leptons, is carried out. Instead of using the minimal scalar sector able to break the symmetry in a proper way, we introduce an alternative set of four Higgs scalar triplets, which combined with an anomaly-free discrete symmetry, produce quark and charged lepton mass spectrum without hierarchies in the Yukawa coupling constants. We also embed the structure into a simple gauge group and show some conditions to achieve a low energy gauge coupling unification, avoiding possible conflict with proton decay bounds. By using experimental results from the CERN-LEP, SLAC linear collider, and atomic parity violation data, we update constraints on several parameters of the model
Semblanza y liderazgo de Omar Dengo: vigencia de su pensamiento
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Magdalena Alfaro-Rodríguez
2009-06-01
Full Text Available Recibido 29 de noviembre de 2007 • Aprobado 17 de junio de 2008 • Corregido 5 de mayo de 2009 Aspectos de la vida de Omar Dengo delinean su obra y lo definen como figura de connotado liderazgo humanista. Su quehacer docente y compromiso social se reflejan en su acción civilista que trasciende su época y aún hoy es vigente.
Unconstrained SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills classical mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dahmen, B.; Raabe, B.
1992-01-01
A systematic study of contraints in SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills classical mechanics is performed. Expect for the SU(2) case with spatial angular momenta they turn out to be nonholonomic. The complete elimination of the unphysical gauge and rotatinal degrees of freedom is achieved using Dirac's constraint formalism. We present an effective unconstrained formulation of the general SU(2) Yang-Mills classical mechanics as well as for SU(3) in the subspace of vanishing spatial angular momenta that is well suited for further explicit dynamical investigations. (orig.)
Upper bounds on Higgs and top quark masses in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Durand, L.; Lopez, J.L.
1989-02-02
In this letter, we use a simplified method to calculate high-energy unitarity constraints on grand unified broken supersymmetric models. We apply the method to the ''flipped'' SU(5)xU(1) superstring model, obtain the constraints at a grand unified mass scale M/sub G/=4x10/sup 16/ GeV, and then use the renormalization group equations to evolve the constraints to the low-energy mass scale M/sub W/. We find upper bounds on the low-energy superpotential parameters which in turn imply absolute upper bounds on the top quark mass, m/sub t/< or approx.200 GeV, and on the lightest neutral Higgs boson mass, Msub(H/sub 1//sup 0/)< or approx.155 GeV. We also obtain an upper bound on Msub(H/sub 1//sup 0/) as a function of m/sub t/ which shows that for favored values of the ratio of Higgs vacuum expectation values Msub(H/sub 1//sup 0/)< or approx.125 GeV.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gunaydin, Murat; Pavlyk, Oleksandr
2005-01-01
We study the minimal unitary representations of noncompact exceptional groups that arise as U-duality groups in extended supergravity theories. First we give the unitary realizations of the exceptional group E 8(-24) in SU*(8) as well as SU(6,2) covariant bases. E 8(-24) has E 7 x SU(2) as its maximal compact subgroup and is the U-duality group of the exceptional supergravity theory in d=3. For the corresponding U-duality group E 8(8) of the maximal supergravity theory the minimal realization was given. The minimal unitary realizations of all the lower rank noncompact exceptional groups can be obtained by truncation of those of E 8(-24) and E 8(8) . By further truncation one can obtain the minimal unitary realizations of all the groups of the 'Magic Triangle'. We give explicitly the minimal unitary realizations of the exceptional subgroups of E 8(-24) as well as other physically interesting subgroups. These minimal unitary realizations correspond, in general, to the quantization of their geometric actions as quasi-conformal groups. (author)
Unconstrained SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills clasical mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dahmen, B.; Raabe, B.
1992-01-01
A systematic study of constraints in SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills classical mechanics is performed. Expect for the SU(2) case with vanishing spatial angular momenta they turn out to be non-holonomic. Using Dirac's constraint formalism we achieve a complete elimination of the unphysical gauge and rotational degrees of freedom. This leads to an effective unconstrained formulation both for the full SU(2) Yang-Mills classical mechanics and for the SU(3) case in the subspace of vanishing spatial angular momenta. We believe that our results are well suited for further explicit dynamical investigations. (orig.)
Reducing the rank of gauge groups in orbifold compactification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sato, Hikaru
1989-01-01
The report introduces general twisted boundary conditions on fermionic string variables and shows that a non-Abelian embedding is possible when background gauge field is introduced on orbifold. This leads to reduction of the rank of the gauge group. The report presents a procedure to obtain the lower-rank gauge groups by the use of non-Abelian Wilson lines. The unbroken gauge group is essentially determined by the eigen vector which should obey the level-matching conditions. The gauge symmetry is determined by certain conditions. In a particular application, it is not necessary to introduce explicit form of the non-Abelian Wilson lines. The procedure starts with introduction of desired eigen vectors which are supposed to be obtained by diagonalization of the boundary conditions with the appropriate transformation matrix. The rank is reduced by one by using the Wilson lines which transform as 3 of SU(2) R or SU(2) in SU(4). A possible way of reducing the rank by two is to use the Wilson lines from SU(2) R x SU(2) or SU(3) in SU(4). The rank is reduced by three by means of the Wilson lines which transform as SU(4) or SU(2) R SU(3). Finally the rank is reduced by four when the Wilson lines with full symmetry of SU(2) R x SU(4) are used. The report tabulates the possible lower-rank gauge groups obtained by the proposed method. Massless fermions corresponding to the eigen vectors are also listed. (N.K.)
Black holes with su(N) gauge field hair and superconducting horizons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shepherd, Ben L.; Winstanley, Elizabeth [Consortium for Fundamental Physics, School of Mathematics and Statistics,The University of Sheffield,Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)
2017-01-16
We present new planar dyonic black hole solutions of the su(N) Einstein-Yang-Mills equations in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space-time, focussing on su(2) and su(3) gauge groups. The magnetic part of the gauge field forms a condensate close to the planar event horizon. We compare the free energy of a non-Abelian hairy black hole with that of an embedded Reissner-Nordström-anti-de Sitter (RN-AdS) black hole having the same Hawking temperature and electric charge. We find that the hairy black holes have lower free energy. We present evidence that there is a phase transition at a critical temperature, above which the only solutions are embedded RN-AdS black holes. At the critical temperature, an RN-AdS black hole can decay into a hairy black hole, and it is thermodynamically favourable to do so. Working in the probe limit, we compute the frequency-dependent conductivity, and find that enlarging the gauge group from su(2) to su(3) eliminates a divergence in the conductivity at nonzero frequency.
Black holes with su(N) gauge field hair and superconducting horizons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shepherd, Ben L.; Winstanley, Elizabeth
2017-01-01
We present new planar dyonic black hole solutions of the su(N) Einstein-Yang-Mills equations in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space-time, focussing on su(2) and su(3) gauge groups. The magnetic part of the gauge field forms a condensate close to the planar event horizon. We compare the free energy of a non-Abelian hairy black hole with that of an embedded Reissner-Nordström-anti-de Sitter (RN-AdS) black hole having the same Hawking temperature and electric charge. We find that the hairy black holes have lower free energy. We present evidence that there is a phase transition at a critical temperature, above which the only solutions are embedded RN-AdS black holes. At the critical temperature, an RN-AdS black hole can decay into a hairy black hole, and it is thermodynamically favourable to do so. Working in the probe limit, we compute the frequency-dependent conductivity, and find that enlarging the gauge group from su(2) to su(3) eliminates a divergence in the conductivity at nonzero frequency.
Superstring sigma models from spin chains: the SU(1,1 vertical bar 1) case
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bellucci, S.; Casteill, P.-Y.; Morales, J.F.
2005-01-01
We derive the coherent state representation of the integrable spin chain Hamiltonian with non-compact supersymmetry group G=SU(1,1 vertical bar 1). By passing to the continuous limit, we find a spin chain sigma model describing a string moving on the supercoset G/H, H being the stabilizer group. The action is written in a manifestly G-invariant form in terms of the Cartan forms and the string coordinates in the supercoset. The spin chain sigma model is shown to agree with that following from the Green-Schwarz action describing two-charged string spinning on AdS 5 xS 5
Quantum critical spin-2 chain with emergent SU(3) symmetry.
Chen, Pochung; Xue, Zhi-Long; McCulloch, I P; Chung, Ming-Chiang; Huang, Chao-Chun; Yip, S-K
2015-04-10
We study the quantum critical phase of an SU(2) symmetric spin-2 chain obtained from spin-2 bosons in a one-dimensional lattice. We obtain the scaling of the finite-size energies and entanglement entropy by exact diagonalization and density-matrix renormalization group methods. From the numerical results of the energy spectra, central charge, and scaling dimension we identify the conformal field theory describing the whole critical phase to be the SU(3)_{1} Wess-Zumino-Witten model. We find that, while the Hamiltonian is only SU(2) invariant, in this critical phase there is an emergent SU(3) symmetry in the thermodynamic limit.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guenaydin, M.; Saclioglu, C.
1981-06-01
We give a construction of the Lie algebras of the non-compact groups appearing in four dimensional supergravity theories in terms of boson operators. Our construction parallels very closely their emergence in supergravity and is an extension of the well-known construction of the Lie algebras of the non-compact groups Sp(2n,IR) and SO(2n) from boson operators transforming like a fundamental representation of their maximal compact subgroup U(n). However this extension is non-trivial only for n >= 4 and stops at n = 8 leading to the Lie algebras of SU(4) x SU(1,1), SU(5,1), SO(12) and Esub(7(7)). We then give a general construction of an infinite class of unitary irreducible representations of the respective non-compact groups (except for Esub(7(7)) and SO(12) obtained from the extended construction). We illustrate our construction with the examples of SU(5,1) and SO(12). (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lisboa, P.; Michael, C.
1982-01-01
We address the question of designing optimum discrete sets of points to represent numerically a continuous group manifold. We consider subsets which are extensions of the regular discrete subgroups. Applications to Monte Carlo simulation of SU(2) and SU(3) gauge theory are discussed. (orig.)
Denominator function for canonical SU(3) tensor operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Biedenharn, L.C.; Lohe, M.A.; Louck, J.D.
1985-01-01
The definition of a canonical unit SU(3) tensor operator is given in terms of its characteristic null space as determined by group-theoretic properties of the intertwining number. This definition is shown to imply the canonical splitting conditions used in earlier work for the explicit and unique (up to +- phases) construction of all SU(3) WCG coefficients (Wigner--Clebsch--Gordan). Using this construction, an explicit SU(3)-invariant denominator function characterizing completely the canonically defined WCG coefficients is obtained. It is shown that this denominator function (squared) is a product of linear factors which may be obtained explicitly from the characteristic null space times a ratio of polynomials. These polynomials, denoted G/sup t//sub q/, are defined over three (shift) parameters and three barycentric coordinates. The properties of these polynomials (hence, of the corresponding invariant denominator function) are developed in detail: These include a derivation of their degree, symmetries, and zeros. The symmetries are those induced on the shift parameters and barycentric coordinates by the transformations of a 3 x 3 array under row interchange, column interchange, and transposition (the group of 72 operations leaving a 3 x 3 determinant invariant). Remarkably, the zeros of the general G/sup t//sub q/ polynomial are in position and multiplicity exactly those of the SU(3) weight space associated with irreducible representation [q-1,t-1,0]. The results obtained are an essential step in the derivation of a fully explicit and comprehensible algebraic expression for all SU(3) WCG coefficients
Automorphisms of the affine SU(3) fusion rules
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ruelle, P.
1994-01-01
We classify the automorphisms of the (chiral) level-k affine SU(3) fusion rules, for any value of k, by looking for all permutations that commute with the modular matrices S and T. This can be done by using the arithmetic of the cyclotomic extensions where the problem is naturally posed. When k is divisible by 3, the automorphism group ( similar Z 2 ) is generated by the charge conjugation C. If k is not divisible by 3, the automorphism group ( similar Z 2 xZ 2 ) is generated by C and the Altschueler-Lacki-Zaugg automorphism. Although the combinatorial analysis can become more involved, the techniques used here for SU(3) can be applied to other algebras. (orig.)
Quantum mechanics on space with SU(2) fuzziness
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fatollahi, Amir H.; Shariati, Ahmad; Khorrami, Mohammad [Alzahra University, Department of Physics, Tehran (Iran)
2009-04-15
Quantum mechanics of models is considered which are constructed in spaces with Lie algebra type commutation relations between spatial coordinates. The case is specialized to that of the group SU(2), for which the formulation of the problem via the Euler parameterization is also presented. SU(2)-invariant systems are discussed, and the corresponding eigenvalue problem for the Hamiltonian is reduced to an ordinary differential equation, as is the case with such models on commutative spaces. (orig.)
Quantum mechanics on space with SU(2) fuzziness
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fatollahi, Amir H.; Shariati, Ahmad; Khorrami, Mohammad
2009-01-01
Quantum mechanics of models is considered which are constructed in spaces with Lie algebra type commutation relations between spatial coordinates. The case is specialized to that of the group SU(2), for which the formulation of the problem via the Euler parameterization is also presented. SU(2)-invariant systems are discussed, and the corresponding eigenvalue problem for the Hamiltonian is reduced to an ordinary differential equation, as is the case with such models on commutative spaces. (orig.)
SU(7) GUT and evasion of the survival hypothesis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Umemura, I.; Yamamoto, K.
1981-01-01
Characteristic features of an SU(7) GUT are discussed, in which the fundamental representation 7 consists of SU(5)'5 and its two singlets with charge q = +-1/2. The so-called survival hypothesis for fermions is naturally evaded by a kind of electric charge conservation due to q = +-1/2, and a brief comment on the suppression of the νsub(e) mass is given also. (orig.)
Noncentral extension of the $AdS_5 x S^5$ superalgebra supermultiplet of brane charges
Lee, S; Lee, Sangmin; Park, Jeong-Hyuck
2004-01-01
We propose an extension of the su(2,2|4) superalgebra to incorporate the F1/D1 string charges in type IIB string theory on the AdS_5 X S^5 background, or the electro-magnetic charges in the dual super Yang-Mills theory. With the charges introduced, the superalgebra inevitably undergoes a noncentral extension, as noted recently in [1]. After developing a group theoretical method of obtaining the noncentral extension, we show that the charges form a certain nonunitary representation of the original unextended superalgebra, subject to some constraints. We solve the constraints completely and show that, apart from the su(2,2|4) generators, there exist 899 complex brane charges in the extended algebra. Explicitly we present all the super-commutators among them.
On grand unified SU(8)sub(L) x SU(8)sub(R) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Yu.F.
1980-01-01
In the model of early chiral grand unification SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R) with intermediate symmetry hierarchies the radiation corrections for sinsup(2)thetasub(W)(μ) and α(μ) are calculated and unification mass M 8 is found in the one loop approximation with Higgs fields contribution being neglected. It is shown that there exists a natural hierarchy, leading to the decrease of sinsup(2)thetasub(W)(Msub(W)) down to the value sinsup(2)thetasub(W)=1/5-1/4 and simultaneous decrease of M 8 down to M 8 =(10 6 -10 7 ) GeV as compared with the values when there is no hierarchy [ru
Flipped SU(6) from ten dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Panagiotakopoulos, C. (Bartol Research Inst., Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (US))
1990-06-20
The authors study the compactification of the heterotic supersting on the only known three generation Calabi-Yau space with flux breakings leading to SU(6) {times} U(1) as the gauge group in four dimensions. We compute the massless spectrum and identify the discrete symmetries of the internal space that survive flux breaking. The possible four-dimensional models are classified according to their honest discrete symmetries. The allowed breaking chains of SU(6) {times} U(1) are listed. Model building with SU(6) {times} U(1) is discussed in general and a concrete realistic model is constructed which does not suffer from the gauge hierarchy problem, fast proton decay or any other obvious phenomenological disaster. A distinct experimental signature of this class of models is the presence in the low energy spectrum of vector-like quarks and antiquarks, outside the three known families, with masses of the order of the supersymmetry breaking scale.
26 CFR 301.6226(b)-1 - 5-percent group.
2010-04-01
... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 5-percent group. 301.6226(b)-1 Section 301.6226... ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Assessment In General § 301.6226(b)-1 5-percent group. (a) In general. All members of a 5-percent group shall join in filing any petition for judicial review. The...
Phenomenology of the SU(3)c x SU(3)L x U(1)X model with right-handed neutrinos
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gutierrez, D.A.; Ponce, W.A.; Sanchez, L.A.
2006-01-01
A phenomenological analysis of the three-family model based on the local gauge group SU(3) c x SU(3) L x U(1) X with right-handed neutrinos is carried out. Instead of using the minimal scalar sector able to break the symmetry in a proper way, we introduce an alternative set of four Higgs scalar triplets, which combined with an anomaly-free discrete symmetry, produces a quark mass spectrum without hierarchies in the Yukawa coupling constants. We also embed the structure into a simple gauge group and show some conditions for achieving a low energy gauge coupling unification, avoiding possible conflict with proton decay bounds. By using experimental results from the CERN-LEP, SLAC linear collider, and atomic parity violation data, we update constraints on several parameters of the model. (orig.)
New Bessel-type function associated with SU(3) representation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tanimura, N.; Tanimura, O.
1990-01-01
A new set of functions that are given by the coefficients of the character expansion of the single-link action in the SU(3) lattice-gauge theory is studied. The function is specified by the indices λ and μ of the SU(3) representation of the Young tableau. From the Schwinger-Dyson variational method the recursion relations among the functions are derived. By combining the recursion relation and the relation of the differentiation, the linear differential equation of the sixth order for the function is derived. The properties of the function are discussed in detail in comparison with the functions in the SU(2) group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Keller, Stephan; Blagoi, Gabriela; Lillemose, Michael; Haefliger, Daniel; Boisen, Anja
2008-01-01
This paper summarizes the results of the process optimization for SU-8 films with thicknesses ≤5 µm. The influence of soft-bake conditions, exposure dose and post-exposure-bake parameters on residual film stress, structural stability and lithographic resolution was investigated. Conventionally, the SU-8 is soft-baked after spin coating to remove the solvent. After the exposure, a post-exposure bake at a high temperature T PEB ≥ 90 °C is required to cross-link the resist. However, for thin SU-8 films this often results in cracking or delamination due to residual film stress. The approach of the process optimization is to keep a considerable amount of the solvent in the SU-8 before exposure to facilitate photo-acid diffusion and to increase the mobility of the monomers. The experiments demonstrate that a replacement of the soft-bake by a short solvent evaporation time at ambient temperature allows cross-linking of the thin SU-8 films even at a low T PEB = 50 °C. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy is used to confirm the increased cross-linking density. The low thermal stress due to the reduced T PEB and the improved structural stability result in crack-free structures and solve the issue of delamination. The knowledge of the influence of different processing parameters on the responses allows the design of optimized processes for thin SU-8 films depending on the specific application
sdg boson model in the SU(3) scheme
Akiyama, Yoshimi
1985-02-01
Basic properties of the interacting boson model with s-, d- and g-bosons are investigated in rotational nuclei. An SU(3)-seniority scheme is found for the classification of physically important states according to a group reduction chain U(15) ⊃ SU(3). The capability of describing rotational bands increases enormously in comparison with the ordinary sd interacting boson model. The sdg boson model is shown to be able to describe the so-called anharmonicity effect recently observed in the 168Er nucleus.
Phenomenology of the hierarchical lepton mass spectrum in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) string model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leontaris, G.K.; Nanopoulos, D.V.
1988-09-29
A detailed phenomenological analysis of the lepton mass matrices and their implications in the low energy theory are discussed, within the recently proposed SU(5)xU(1) string model. The unification scale is highly constrained while the Yukawa couplings lie in a natural region. The flavour changing decays ..mu.. -> e..gamma.., ..mu.. -> 3e, ..mu.. -> e are highly suppressed while the depletion in the flux of muon neutrinos reported by the Kamiokande is explained through ..nu../sub ..mu../ reversible ..nu../sub tau/ oscillations.
Strongest experimental constraints on SU(5)×U(1) supergravity models
Lopez, Jorge L.; Nanopoulos, D. V.; Park, Gye T.; Zichichi, A.
1994-01-01
We consider a class of well-motivated string-inspired flipped SU(5) supergravity models which include four supersymmetry-breaking scenarios: no-scale, strict no-scale, dilaton, and special dilaton, such that only three parameters are needed to describe all new phenomena (mt,tanβ,mg~). We show that the CERN LEP precise measurements of the electroweak parameters in the form of the ɛ1 variable and the CLEO II allowed range for B(b-->sγ) are at present the most important experimental constraints on this class of models. For mt>~155 (165) GeV, the ɛ1 constraint [at 90 (95)% C.L.] requires the presence of light charginos (m+/-χ1360 GeV, mq~sγ) constraint excludes a significant fraction of the otherwise allowed region in the (m+/-χ1,tanβ) plane (irrespective of the magnitude of the chargino mass), while future experimental improvements will result in decisive tests of these models. In light of the ɛ1 constraint, we conclude that the outlook for chargino and selectron detection at LEP II and at DESY HERA is quite favorable in this class of models.
Yılmaz, Nigar; Yılmaz, Mustafa; Sirin, Burcu; Yılmaztekin, Sureyya; Kutlu, Gülnihal
2017-10-01
Migraine is one of the most common types of pain associated with sterile inflammatory conditions. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a potential novel inflammatory marker. We aim to determine the association between serum values of suPAR, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and migraine disease characteristics. The study involved a total of 60 migraine patients (33 patients in the interictal period, 27 patients in the attack period) and 30 healthy individuals. The serum values of suPAR were found to be significantly higher in migraine patients in the attack period than in migraine patients in the interictal period, and in healthy individuals (p migraine with aura patients than in migraine without aura patients. When we subdivided migraine patients according to frequency of attack (attacks/month), significant differences were found between the suPAR and procalcitonin levels (measured during the attack period) of those in the frequent-attack group (4-5 or more) versus those in the less frequent attack group (less than 4). Serum levels of procalcitonin were shown to be significantly higher in migraine patients during the attack period compared with migraine patients in the interictal period and in control subjects (p = .001 for both). Significant differences were found between plasma levels of fibrinogen in migraine patients versus control subjects (p migraine patients versus the control group. These findings may show that presenting a high level of suPAR in migraine patients with attack and aura results to predisposition to occurring on the symptoms and that high levels of suPAR, procalcitonin and fibrinogen in patients with migraine result in neurogenic inflammation during migraine headaches.
Mambrini, Matthieu; Orús, Román; Poilblanc, Didier
2016-11-01
We elaborate a simple classification scheme of all rank-5 SU(2) spin rotational symmetric tensors according to (i) the onsite physical spin S , (ii) the local Hilbert space V⊗4 of the four virtual (composite) spins attached to each site, and (iii) the irreducible representations of the C4 v point group of the square lattice. We apply our scheme to draw a complete list of all SU(2)-symmetric translationally and rotationally invariant projected entangled pair states (PEPS) with bond dimension D ≤6 . All known SU(2)-symmetric PEPS on the square lattice are recovered and simple generalizations are provided in some cases. More generally, to each of our symmetry class can be associated a (D -1 )-dimensional manifold of spin liquids (potentially) preserving lattice symmetries and defined in terms of D -independent tensors of a given bond dimension D . In addition, generic (low-dimensional) families of PEPS explicitly breaking either (i) particular point-group lattice symmetries (lattice nematics) or (ii) time-reversal symmetry (chiral spin liquids) or (iii) SU(2) spin rotation symmetry down to U(1 ) (spin nematics or Néel antiferromagnets) can also be constructed. We apply this framework to search for new topological chiral spin liquids characterized by well-defined chiral edge modes, as revealed by their entanglement spectrum. In particular, we show how the symmetrization of a double-layer PEPS leads to a chiral topological state with a gapless edge described by a SU (2) 2 Wess-Zumino-Witten model.
Dearden, Rachel
2012-01-01
Infiltration SuDS are sustainable drainage systems (SuDS) that allow surface water to infiltrate to the ground. Examples include soakaways, infiltration basins, infiltration trenches and permeable pavements. Before planning to install Infiltration SuDS, the suitability of the ground should be assessed. The British Geological Survey has developed a bespoke Infiltration SuDS Map that enables a preliminary assessment of the suitability of the ground for infiltration SuDS. Th...
Dimensional reduction of exceptional E6,E8 gauge groups and flavour chirality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Koca, M.
1984-01-01
Ten-dimensional Yang - Mills gauge theories based on the exceptional groups E 6 and E 8 are reduced to four-dimensional flavour-chiral Yang - Mills - Higgs theories where the extra six dimensions are identified with the compact G 2 /SU(3) and SO(7)/SO(6) coset spaces. A ten-dimensional E 8 theory leads to three families of SU(5), one of which lies in the 144-dimensional representation of SO(10)
Luis Felipe Fajardo (1927-2013. Su vida y su obra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hernando Sarasti Obregón
2017-09-01
Full Text Available FragmentoTeniendo en cuenta los grandes logros de este médico colombiano, en la Academia Nacional de Medicina se le rindió un homenaje a su memoria. Los ponentes de la sesión fueron los académicos Sarasti y Patiño. Por lo importante del tema, hemos querido incluir sus presentaciones en este artículo de la revista MEDICINA. El tema tocado por el doctor Sarasti fue el siguiente:El 5 de julio de 2013 falleció en los Estados Unidos en la ciudad de Palo Alto, California, el patólogo colombiano Dr. Luis Felipe Fajardo Lobo- Guerrero. Había nacido en Bogotá el 23 de enero de 1927 en el hogar de Don Luís Antonio Fajardo Suárez y Doña María Teresa Lobo-Guerrero.Se graduó como Bachiller en el Colegio de La Salle en 1944, hizo su medicatura rural en Restrepo (Meta y recibió el título de Médico en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia en 1952. Inició su entrenamiento en Patología en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Bogotá y lo continuó en los Estados Unidos en la Universidad de Yale entre 1954 y 1958. Ese mismo año fue certificado por el American Board of Pathology, contrajo matrimonio con Lorela Enterline y regresó a Colombia a ejercer su especialidad en el Hospital de la Samaritana.En noviembre de 1959 volvió a los Estados Unidos para ocupar un “locum tenens” en Connecticut en el New Britain General Hospital y regresó nuevamente a Colombia en octubre de 1960 como Profesor Asistente de Patología de la Universidad Nacional al mismo tiempo que fue Jefe del Laboratorio Clínico del Hospital San Juan de Dios.El Dr. Fajardo y el suscrito formábamos parte de la generación de médicos colombianos que hacia mediados del siglo XX viajamos a los Estados Unidos para especializarnos en diversas ramas de la Medicina.
Using the 5 P Relay in Task Groups
Stanley, Paula Helen
2006-01-01
This article describes the 5 P Relay, a group exercise that can increase the effectiveness of task groups. The 5 P Relay is based on the principles and concepts of the Invitational Model, which emphasizes the importance of assessing the effectiveness or health of five aspects of an organization's environment: people, places, programs, processes,…
Sdg boson model in the SU(3) scheme
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Akiyama, Y.
1985-02-11
Basic properties of the interacting boson model with s-, d- and g-bosons are investigated in rotational nuclei. An SU(3)-seniority scheme is found for the classification of physically important states according to a group reduction chain U(15)containsSU(3). The capability of describing rotational bands increases enormously in comparison with the ordinary sd interacting boson model. The sdg boson model is shown to be able to describe the so-called anharmonicity effect recently observed in the /sup 168/Er nucleus.
sdg boson model in the SU(3) scheme
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Akiyama, Y.
1985-01-01
Basic properties of the interacting boson model with s-, d- and g-bosons are investigated in rotational nuclei. An SU(3)-seniority scheme is found for the classification of physically important states according to a group reduction chain U(15)containsSU(3). The capability of describing rotational bands increases enormously in comparison with the ordinary sd interacting boson model. The sdg boson model is shown to be able to describe the so-called anharmonicity effect recently observed in the 168 Er nucleus. (orig.)
Unitary relation for the time-dependent SU(1,1) systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Song, Dae-Yup
2003-01-01
The system whose Hamiltonian is a linear combination of the generators of SU(1,1) group with time-dependent coefficients is studied. It is shown that there is a unitary relation between the system and a system whose Hamiltonian is simply proportional to the generator of the compact subgroup of SU(1,1). The unitary relation is described by the classical solutions of a time-dependent (harmonic) oscillator. Making use of the relation, the wave functions satisfying the Schroedinger equation are given, for a general unitary representation, in terms of the matrix elements of a finite group transformation (Bargmann function). The wave functions of the harmonic oscillator with an inverse-square potential is studied in detail, and it is shown that through an integral, the model provides a way of deriving the Bargmann function for the representation of positive discrete series of SU(1,1)
Static forces in d=2+1 SU(N) gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Meyer, H.B.
2006-07-01
Using a three-level algorithm we perform a high-precision lattice computation of the static force up to 1fm in the 2+1 dimensional SU(5) gauge theory. Discretization errors and the continuum limit are discussed in detail. By comparison with existing SU(2) and SU(3) data it is found that σr 2 0 =1.65-(π)/(24) holds at an accuracy of 1% for all N≥2, where r 0 is the Sommer reference scale. The effective central charge c(r) is obtained and an intermediate distance r s is defined via the property c(r s )=(π)/(24). It separates in a natural way the short-distance regime governed by perturbation theory from the long-distance regime described by an effective string theory. The ratio τ s /τ 0 decreases significantly from SU(2) to SU(3) to SU(5), where r s 0 . We give a preliminary estimate of its value in the large-N limit. The static force in the smallest representation of N-ality 2, which tends to the k=2 string tension as r→∞, is also computed up to 0.7 fm. The deviation from Casimir scaling is positive and grows from 0.1% to 1% in that range. (Orig.)
Spontaneously broken SU(2) gauge invariance and the ΔI=1/2 rule
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shito, Okiyasu
1977-01-01
A model of nonleptonic weak interactions is proposed which is based on spontaneously broken SU(2) gauge invariance. The SU(2) group is taken analogously to the U-spin. To this scheme, the source of nonleptonic decays consists of only neutral currents, and violation of strangeness stems from weak vector boson mixings. The model can provide a natural explanation of the ΔI=1/2 rule and of the bulk of the ΔI=1/2 nonleptonic amplitude. As a consequence, a picture is obtained that weak interactions originate in spontaneously broken gauge invariance under orthogonal SU(2) groups. Finally, a possibility of unifying weak and electromagnetic interactions is indicated. (auth.)
SU(4) properties of the Dirac equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Linhares, C.A.; Mignaco, J.A.
1988-01-01
The Dirac equation in four dimensions has an intimate connection with the representations of the group SU(4). This connection is shown in detail and subsequente properties are displayed in the continuum as well as in the lattice description. (author) [pt
SU(4) proprerties of the Dirac equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Linhares, C.A.; Mignaco, J.A.
1985-09-01
The Dirac equation in four dimensions has an intimate connection with the representations of the group SU(4). This connection is shown in detail and subsequent properties are displayed in the continuum as well as in the lattice description [pt
Focus point gauge mediation in product group unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruemmer, Felix; Ibe, Masahiro; Tokyo Univ., Kashiwa; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
2013-03-01
In certain models of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking with messenger fields in incomplete GUT multiplets, the radiative corrections to the Higgs potential cancel out during renormalization group running. This allows for relatively heavy superpartners and for a 125 GeV Higgs while the ne-tuning remains modest. In this paper, we show that such gauge mediation models with ''focus point'' behaviour can be naturally embedded into a model of SU(5) x U(3) product group unification.
Null structure groups in eleven dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cariglia, Marco; Mac Conamhna, Oisin A. P.
2006-01-01
We classify all the structure groups which arise as subgroups of the isotropy group (Spin(7)xR 8 )xR, of a single null Killing spinor in 11 dimensions. We construct the spaces of spinors fixed by these groups. We determine the conditions under which structure subgroups of the maximal null structure group (Spin(7)xR 8 )xR may also be embedded in SU(5), and hence the conditions under which a supersymmetric spacetime admits only null, or both timelike and null, Killing spinors. We discuss how this purely algebraic material will facilitate the direct analysis of the Killing spinor equation of 11 dimensional supergravity, and the classification of supersymmetric spacetimes therein
Large (g-2)$_{\\mu}$ in SU(5) x U(1) supergravity models
López, J L; Wang, X
1994-01-01
We compute the supersymmetric contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon within the context of $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ supergravity models. The largest possible contributions to $a^{susy}_\\mu$ occur for the largest allowed values of $\\tan\\beta$ and can easily exceed the present experimentally allowed range, even after the LEP lower bounds on the sparticle masses are imposed. Such $\\tan\\beta$ enhancement implies that $a^{susy}_\\mu$ can greatly exceed both the electroweak contribution ($\\approx1.95\\times10^{-9}$) and the present hadronic uncertainty ($\\approx\\pm1.75\\times10^{-9}$). Therefore, the new E821 Brookhaven experiment (with an expected accuracy of $0.4\\times10^{-9}$) should explore a large fraction (if not all) of the parameter space of these models, corresponding to slepton, chargino, and squarks masses as high as 200, 300, and 1000 GeV respectively. Moreover, contrary to popular belief, the $a^{susy}_\\mu$ contribution can have either sign, depending on the sign of the Higgs mixing parameter...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Partensky, A.; Maguin, C.
1976-11-01
The main results of a work concerning the calculation of the matrices of the generators of SU(4) in a given (p,p',p'') irreducible representation, in which the states are labelled by the spin quantum numbers, S, MS, are given. Then the SU(4) algebra is defined, the labelling problem of the states is discussed and the Racah formula transformed, which facilitates the calculation. The semi-reduced matrix elements of the Q, Vsup(Q) and Wsup(Q) vectors are defined. Finally an explicit formulation of the matrix elements of Q is given, in the particular case T=p for any S, or S=p for any T; the example of the (3 2 0) irreducible representation is treated
Unified SU(4) color models in ten dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hanlon, B.E.; Joshi, G.C.
1992-01-01
Some aspects of constructing unified models with SU(4) as the color group via a unifying group defined in ten dimensions are examined. Four dimensional theories are recovered using the Coset Space Dimensional Reduction scheme. Candidate models are considered in order to highlight some of the difficulties in constructing realistic four dimensional theories. 30 refs
Disconnected forms of the standard group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
McInnes, B.
1996-10-01
Recent work in quantum gravity has led to a revival of interest in the concept of disconnected gauge groups. Here we explain how to classify all of the (non-trivial) groups which have the same Lie algebra as the ''standard group'', SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1), without requiring connectedness. The number of possibilities is surprisingly large. We also discuss the geometry of the ''Kiskis effect'', the ambiguity induced by non-trivial spacetime topology in such gauge theories. (author). 12 refs
CKM and PMNS mixing matrices from discrete subgroups of SU(2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Potter, Franklin
2015-01-01
Remaining within the realm of the Standard Model(SM) local gauge group, this first principles derivation of both the PMNS and CKM matrices utilizes quaternion generators of the three discrete (i.e., finite) binary rotational subgroups of SU(2) called [3,3,2], [4,3,2], and [5,3,2] for three lepton families in R 3 and four related discrete binary rotational subgroups [3,3,3], [4,3,3], [3,4,3], and [5,3,3] represented by four quark families in R 4 . The traditional 3x3 CKM matrix is extracted as a submatrix of the 4x4 CKM4 matrix. If these two additional quarks b' and t' of a 4th quark family exist, there is the possibility that the SM lagrangian may apply all the way down to the Planck scale. There are then numerous other important consequences. The Weinberg angle is derived using these same quaternion generators, and the triangle anomaly cancellation is satisfied even though there is an obvious mismatch of three lepton families to four quark families. In a discrete space, one can also use these generators to derive a unique connection from the electroweak local gauge group SU(2) L x U(1) Y acting in R 4 to the discrete group Weyl E 8 in R 8 . By considering Lorentz transformations in discrete (3,1)-D spacetime, one obtains another Weyl E 8 discrete symmetry group in R 8 , so that the combined symmetry is Weyl E 8 x Weyl E 8 = 'discrete' SO(9,1) in 10-D spacetime. This unique connection is in direct contrast to the 10 500 possible connections for superstring theory! (paper)
SU(N) Irreducible Schwinger Bosons
Mathur, Manu; Raychowdhury, Indrakshi; Anishetty, Ramesh
2010-01-01
We construct SU(N) irreducible Schwinger bosons satisfying certain U(N-1) constraints which implement the symmetries of SU(N) Young tableaues. As a result all SU(N) irreducible representations are simple monomials of $(N-1)$ types of SU(N) irreducible Schwinger bosons. Further, we show that these representations are free of multiplicity problems. Thus all SU(N) representations are made as simple as SU(2).
Simulating plasma instabilities in SU(3) gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berges, Juergen; Gelfand, Daniil; Scheffler, Sebastian; Sexty, Denes
2009-01-01
We compute nonequilibrium dynamics of plasma instabilities in classical-statistical lattice gauge theory in 3+1 dimensions. The simulations are done for the first time for the SU(3) gauge group relevant for quantum chromodynamics. We find a qualitatively similar behavior as compared to earlier investigations in SU(2) gauge theory. The characteristic growth rates are about 25% lower for given energy density, such that the isotropization process is slower. Measured in units of the characteristic screening mass, the primary growth rate is independent of the number of colors.
Symmetries and groups in particle physics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Scherer, Stefan
2016-01-01
The aim of this book consists of a didactic introduction to the group-theoretical considerations and methods, which have led to an ever deeper understanding of the interactions of the elementary particles. The first three chapters deal primarily with the foundations of the representation theory of primarily finite groups, whereby many results are also transferable to compact Lie groups. In the third chapter we discuss the concept of Lie groups and their connection with Lie algebras. In the remaining chapter it is mainly about the application of group theory in physics. Chapter 4 deals with the groups SO(3) and SU(2), which occur in connection with the description of the angular momentum in quantum mechanics. We discuss the Wigner-Eckar theorem together with some applications. In chapter 5 we are employed to the composition properties of strongly interacting systems, so called hadrons, and discuss extensively the transformation properties of quarks with relation to the special unitary groups. The Noether theorem is generally treated in connection to the conservation laws belonging to the Galilei group and the Poincare group. We confine us in chapter 6 to internal symmetries, but explain for that extensively the application to quantum field theory. Especially an outlook on the effect of symmetries in form of so called Ward identities is granted. In chapter 7 we turn towards the gauge principle and discuss first the construction of quantum electrodynamics. In the following we generalize the gauge principle to non-Abelian groups (Yang-Mills theories) and formulate the quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Especially we take a view of ''random'' global symmetries of QCD, especially the chiral symmetry. In chapter 8 we illuminate the phenomenon of spontaneous symmetry breaking both for global and for local symmetries. In the final chapter we work out the group-theoretical structure of the Standard Model. Finally by means of the group SU(5) we take a view to
An SU(5) grand unified model with hadrons as nontopological solitons. Pt. 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen Shihao
1994-01-01
A new grand unified model containing the known three generations of quark and lepton in which hadrons are regarded as nontopological solitons formed from quarks is presented. According to the model leptons and quarks are the same in essence. The differences between them are caused by spontaneous symmetry breaking. When a quark is located inside a hadron, its properties will be the same as those of a known quark and its mass very small. When a quark is outside hadrons, its properties will be the same as those of a known lepton, its mass very large and it will rapidly decay. Except defining charge Q 0 and fermion number F 0 which are exactly conserved, we also define interior colour, interior charge and interior fermion number approximately conserved inside a hadron. The (L-B) conservation in the known SU(5) model corresponds to the fermion number F 0 conservation in the present model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anon.
2000-01-01
The Sued-Chemie group, the head office of which is based in Munich, is one of the world's leading producers of catalysts for the 'syngas' gas chemistry, the refining and the petrochemical industry. Questioned by Info Chimie Magazine, Stefan Brejc, the Product Manager for 'syngas' catalysts, reviews the products in the range. (authors)
What is special about the group of the standard model?
Nielsen, H. B.; Brene, N.
1989-06-01
The standard model is based on the algebra of U 1×SU 2×SU 3. The systematics of charges of the fundamental fermions seems to suggest the importance of a particular group having this algebra, viz. S(U 2×U 3). This group is distinguished from all other connected compact non semisimple groups with dimensionality up to 12 by a characteristic property: it is very “skew”. By this we mean that the group has relatively few “generalised outer automorphisms”. One may speculate about physical reasons for this fact.
What is special about the group of the standard model?
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nielsen, H.B.; Brene, N.
1989-03-01
The standard model is based on the algebra of U 1 xSU 2 xSU 3 . The systematics of charges of the fundamental fermions seems to suggest the importance of a particular group having this algebra, viz. S(U 2 xU 3 ). This group is distinguished from all other connected compact non semisimple groups with dimensionality up to 12 by a characteristic property: it is very 'skew'. By this we mean that the group has relatively few 'generalised outer automorphisms'. One may speculate about physical reasons for this fact. (orig.)
Focus point gauge mediation in product group unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bruemmer, Felix [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Ibe, Masahiro [Tokyo Univ., Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli IPMU, TODIAS; Tokyo Univ., Kashiwa (Japan). ICRR; Yanagida, Tsutomu T. [Tokyo Univ., Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli IPMU, TODIAS
2013-03-15
In certain models of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking with messenger fields in incomplete GUT multiplets, the radiative corrections to the Higgs potential cancel out during renormalization group running. This allows for relatively heavy superpartners and for a 125 GeV Higgs while the ne-tuning remains modest. In this paper, we show that such gauge mediation models with ''focus point'' behaviour can be naturally embedded into a model of SU(5) x U(3) product group unification.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Costa Jorge, Patricia M. da; Peres, Patricia Duarte; Boldo, J.L.
1997-06-01
This work uses FORM software aspects for obtaining a series of formal results in the non-Abelian gauge theory, with SU(3) group. The work also studies field transformation, Lagrangian density invariance, field equations, energy distribution and the theory reparametrization in terms of fields associated to particles which are possible to be detected in accelerators
New narrow boson resonances and SU(4) symmetry: Selection rules, SU(4) mixing, and mass formulas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takasugi, E.; Oneda, S.
1975-01-01
General SU(4) sum rules are obtained for bosons in the theoretical framework of asymptotic SU(4), chiral SU(4) direct-product SU(4) charge algebra, and a simple mechanism of SU(4) and chiral SU(4) direct-product SU(4) breaking. The sum rules exhibit a remarkable interplay of the masses, SU(4) mixing angles, and axial-vector matrix elements of 16-plet boson multiplets. Under a particular circumstance (i.e., in the ''ideal'' limit) this interplay produces selection rules which may explain the remarkable stability of the newly found narrow boson resonances. General SU(4) mass formulas and inter-SU(4) -multiplet mass relations are derived and SU(4) mixing parameters are completely determined. Ground state 1 -- and 0 -+ 16-plets are especially discussed and the masses of charmed and uncharmed new members of these multiplets are predicted
Complex quantum group, dual algebra and bicovariant differential calculus
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carow-Watamura, U.; Watamura, Satoshi
1993-01-01
The method used to construct the bicovariant bimodule in ref. [CSWW] is applied to examine the structure of the dual algebra and the bicovariant differential calculus of the complex quantum group. The complex quantum group Fun q (SL(N, C)) is defined by requiring that it contains Fun q (SU(N)) as a subalgebra analogously to the quantum Lorentz group. Analyzing the properties of the fundamental bimodule, we show that the dual algebra has the structure of the twisted product Fun q (SU(N))x tilde Fun q (SU(N)) reg *. Then the bicovariant differential calculi on the complex quantum group are constructed. (orig.)
5 CFR 9901.211 - Career groups.
2010-01-01
... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Career groups. 9901.211 Section 9901.211 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS SYSTEMS (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NATIONAL SECURITY PERSONNEL SYSTEM...
Global analysis of general SU(2)xSU(2)xU(1) models with precision data
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hsieh, Ken; Yu, Jiang-Hao; Yuan, C.-P.; Schmitz, Kai
2010-01-01
We present the results of a global analysis of a class of models with an extended electroweak gauge group of the form SU(2)xSU(2)xU(1), often denoted as G(221) models, which include as examples the left-right, the leptophobic, the hadrophobic, the fermiophobic, the un-unified, and the nonuniversal models. Using an effective Lagrangian approach, we compute the shifts to the coefficients in the electroweak Lagrangian due to the new heavy gauge bosons, and obtain the lower bounds on the masses of the Z ' and W ' bosons. The analysis of the electroweak parameter bounds reveals a consistent pattern of several key observables that are especially sensitive to the effects of new physics and thus dominate the overall shape of the respective parameter contours.
Global analysis of general SU(2) x SU(2) x U(1) models with precision data
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hsieh, Ken; Yu, Jiang-Hao; Yuan, C.P.; Schmitz, Kai; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI
2010-05-01
We present the results of a global analysis of a class of models with an extended electroweak gauge group of the form SU(2) x SU(2) x U(1), often denoted as G(221) models, which include as examples the left-right, the lepto-phobic, the hadro-phobic, the fermio-phobic, the un-unified, and the non-universal models. Using an effective Lagrangian approach, we compute the shifts to the coeffcients in the electroweak Lagrangian due to the new heavy gauge bosons, and obtain the lower bounds on the masses of the Z' and W' bosons. The analysis of the electroweak parameter bounds reveals a consistent pattern of several key observables that are especially sensitive to the effects of new physics and thus dominate the overall shape of the respective parameter contours. (orig.)
Random SU(2) invariant tensors
Li, Youning; Han, Muxin; Ruan, Dong; Zeng, Bei
2018-04-01
SU(2) invariant tensors are states in the (local) SU(2) tensor product representation but invariant under the global group action. They are of importance in the study of loop quantum gravity. A random tensor is an ensemble of tensor states. An average over the ensemble is carried out when computing any physical quantities. The random tensor exhibits a phenomenon known as ‘concentration of measure’, which states that for any bipartition the average value of entanglement entropy of its reduced density matrix is asymptotically the maximal possible as the local dimensions go to infinity. We show that this phenomenon is also true when the average is over the SU(2) invariant subspace instead of the entire space for rank-n tensors in general. It is shown in our earlier work Li et al (2017 New J. Phys. 19 063029) that the subleading correction of the entanglement entropy has a mild logarithmic divergence when n = 4. In this paper, we show that for n > 4 the subleading correction is not divergent but a finite number. In some special situation, the number could be even smaller than 1/2, which is the subleading correction of random state over the entire Hilbert space of tensors.
Effects of design geometry on SU8 polymer waveguides
Holland, Anthony S.; Balkunje, Vishal S.; Mitchell, Arnan; Austin, Michael W.; Raghunathan, Mukund K.; Kostovski, Gorgi
2005-02-01
The spin-on photoresist SU8 from MicroChem has a relatively high refractive index (n=1.57 at 1550nm) compared with other polymers. It is stable and has high optical transmission at optical communication wavelengths. In this paper we study rib waveguides fabricated using SU8 as the core layer and thermoset polymers UV15 (n=1.50 at 1550nm) from Master Bond and NOA61 (n=1.54 at 1550nm) from Gentec as the cladding layers. The rib height is varied from 0.3 to 1.7μm high. This is part of the SU8 layer sandwiched between the cladding layers. The waveguides are tested to determine the effects of varying this geometry for single mode optical transmission. The lengths of the waveguides were 1.5 cm to 5 cm.
Phenomenology of an SU(2)×SU(2)×U(1) model with lepton-flavour non-universality
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boucenna, Sofiane M. [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN,Via Enrico Fermi 40, 100044 Frascati (Italy); Celis, Alejandro [Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics, Fakultät für Physik,Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,Theresienstrasse 37, 80333 München (Germany); Fuentes-Martín, Javier; Vicente, Avelino [Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Universitat de València - CSIC,E-46071 València (Spain); Virto, Javier [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics,Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bern,CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland)
2016-12-14
We investigate a gauge extension of the Standard Model in light of the observed hints of lepton universality violation in b→cℓν and b→sℓ{sup +}ℓ{sup −} decays at BaBar, Belle and LHCb. The model consists of an extended gauge group SU(2){sub 1}×SU(2){sub 2}×U(1){sub Y} which breaks spontaneously around the TeV scale to the electroweak gauge group. Fermion mixing effects with vector-like fermions give rise to potentially large new physics contributions in flavour transitions mediated by W{sup ′} and Z{sup ′} bosons. This model can ease tensions in B-physics data while satisfying stringent bounds from flavour physics, and electroweak precision data. Possible ways to test the proposed new physics scenario with upcoming experimental measurements are discussed. Among other predictions, the ratios R{sub M}=Γ(B→Mμ{sup +}μ{sup −})/Γ(B→Me{sup +}e{sup −}), with M=K{sup ∗},ϕ, are found to be reduced with respect to the Standard Model expectation R{sub M}≃1.
SU(4) Kondo effect in double quantum dots with ferromagnetic leads
Weymann, Ireneusz; Chirla, Razvan; Trocha, Piotr; Moca, Cǎtǎlin Paşcu
2018-02-01
We investigate the spin-resolved transport properties, such as the linear conductance and the tunnel magnetoresistance, of a double quantum dot device attached to ferromagnetic leads and look for signatures of the SU (4 ) symmetry in the Kondo regime. We show that the transport behavior greatly depends on the magnetic configuration of the device, and the spin-SU(2) as well as the orbital and spin-SU(4) Kondo effects become generally suppressed when the magnetic configuration of the leads varies from the antiparallel to the parallel one. Furthermore, a finite spin polarization of the leads lifts the spin degeneracy and drives the system from the SU(4) to an orbital-SU(2) Kondo state. We analyze in detail the crossover and show that the Kondo temperature between the two fixed points has a nonmonotonic dependence on the degree of spin polarization of the leads. In terms of methods used, we characterize transport by using a combination of analytical and numerical renormalization group approaches.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hodges, Gethin W; Bang, Casper N; Wachtell, Kristian
2015-01-01
The fundamental role of inflammation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) has prompted interest in numerous biomarkers that detect subclinical levels of inflammation. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel biomarker that correlates significantly with cardiovascular events ...... comprehensive review of suPAR in CVD and explore its function and usefulness in predicting cardiovascular events....
Analiza kvalitete procesa sušenja u klasičnim komornim sušionicama
Sedlar, Tomislav; Pervan, Stjepan
2010-01-01
U radu su dani rezultati ispitivanja kvalitete sušenja u klasičnoj komornoj sušionici. Ispitivanje se temelji na novoj metodologiji kojom se prikazuje razina uspješnosti procesa sušenja na temelju analize kvalitete tog procesa u klasičnoj komornoj sušionici, korištenjem znanstveno unaprijeđene verzije liste provjere u svakodnevnoj praktičnoj primjeni. Za verificiranje nove metodologije ispitivanja izabrano je poduzeće koje se specijaliziralo za izradu lamel parketa i klasičnog parketa. U s...
Global analysis of general SU(2) x SU(2) x U(1) models with precision data
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hsieh, Ken; Yu, Jiang-Hao; Yuan, C.P. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Schmitz, Kai [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
2010-05-15
We present the results of a global analysis of a class of models with an extended electroweak gauge group of the form SU(2) x SU(2) x U(1), often denoted as G(221) models, which include as examples the left-right, the lepto-phobic, the hadro-phobic, the fermio-phobic, the un-unified, and the non-universal models. Using an effective Lagrangian approach, we compute the shifts to the coeffcients in the electroweak Lagrangian due to the new heavy gauge bosons, and obtain the lower bounds on the masses of the Z' and W' bosons. The analysis of the electroweak parameter bounds reveals a consistent pattern of several key observables that are especially sensitive to the effects of new physics and thus dominate the overall shape of the respective parameter contours. (orig.)
Diagrammatic group theory in quark models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Canning, G.P.
1977-05-01
A simple and systematic diagrammatic method is presented for calculating the numerical factors arising from group theory in quark models: dimensions, casimir invariants, vector coupling coefficients and especially recoupling coefficients. Some coefficients for the coupling of 3 quark objects are listed for SU(n) and SU(2n). (orig.) [de
Müller, W D; Karamfilov, T; Bufe, A; Fahlbush, B; Wolf, I; Jäger, L
1996-04-01
Selected human T cell clones reactive with group 5 allergens of timothy grass (Phl p 5) were cross-stimulated in specific proliferation assays with group 1 allergens of rye grass (Lol p 1). Such interspecies cross-reactivities result obviously from structural motifs presented on defined Phl p 5 fragments as shown with recombinant Phl p 5 products.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luz Ángela Argote O.
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Para explorar las prácticas sobre protección y cuidado durante la transición del climaterio a la menopausia se llevó a cabo un estudio en mujeres colombianas afrodescendientes que viven en el Distrito de Aguablanca, Cali, Colombia, a fin de evaluar los factores socioculturales que influyen en su cuidado. Se siguió la etnoenfermería con el objeto de averiguar la perspectiva femenina étnica, e identificar las prácticas beneficiosas y de riesgo para su salud. La investigación tuvo como participantes claves a 17 mujeres. En la consolidación de la muestra se aplicaron los criterios de saturación de datos. En los resultados se evidenció la relación de las mujeres con su propio cuerpo, su defensa y fortificación desde la menarquia como fase preparatoria de sus funciones reproductivas, hasta cuando aparece la menopausia. De acuerdo con su cultura, si no tienen en cuenta estas prácticas tradicionales, sufrirán diversas dolencias en la etapa final de su periodo de procreación. Los cuidados sobresalientes se relacionan con el significado de la sangre, así como con el ejercicio de la sexualidad, la limpieza, la alimentación especial y el equilibrio que se debe guardar entre el calor y el frío. Las entrevistadas atribuyen a la menopausia cambios en su cuerpo, en sus diferencias emocionales de conducta y en las expectativas de la sexualidad. Para el presente estudio estos hallazgos se agruparon en tres temas principales: sentir los profundos cambios en la vida: el cuerpo; sentir los cambios en los estados de ánimo; y vivir la sexualidad.
Group contractions in quantum field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Concini, C. De; Vitiello, G.
1979-01-01
General theorems are given for SU(n) and SO(n). A projective geometry argument is also presented with disclosure of the occurrence a group contraction mechanism as a geometric consequence of spontaneous breakdown of symmetry. It is also shown that a contraction of the conformal group gives account of the number of degrees of freedom of an n-pseudoparticle system in an Euclidean SU(2) gauge invariant Yang-Mills theory, in agreement with the result obtained by algebraic geometry methods. Low-energy theorems and ordered states symmetry patterns are observable manifestations of group contractions. These results seem to support the conjecture that the transition from quantum to classical physics involves a group contraction mechanism. (author)
Dark revelations of the [SU(3)]3 and [SU(3)]4 gauge extensions of the standard model
Kownacki, Corey; Ma, Ernest; Pollard, Nicholas; Popov, Oleg; Zakeri, Mohammadreza
2018-02-01
Two theoretically well-motivated gauge extensions of the standard model are SU(3)C × SU(3)L × SU(3)R and SU(3)q × SU(3)L × SU(3)l × SU(3)R, where SU(3)q is the same as SU(3)C and SU(3)l is its color leptonic counterpart. Each has three variations, according to how SU(3)R is broken. It is shown here for the first time that a built-in dark U(1)D gauge symmetry exists in all six versions. However, the corresponding symmetry breaking pattern does not reduce properly to that of the standard model, unless an additional Z2‧ symmetry is defined, so that U(1)D ×Z2‧ is broken to Z2 dark parity. The available dark matter candidates in each case include fermions, scalars, as well as vector gauge bosons. This work points to the possible unity of matter with dark matter, the origin of which may not be ad hoc.
Dark revelations of the [SU(3]3 and [SU(3]4 gauge extensions of the standard model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Corey Kownacki
2018-02-01
Full Text Available Two theoretically well-motivated gauge extensions of the standard model are SU(3C×SU(3L×SU(3R and SU(3q×SU(3L×SU(3l×SU(3R, where SU(3q is the same as SU(3C and SU(3l is its color leptonic counterpart. Each has three variations, according to how SU(3R is broken. It is shown here for the first time that a built-in dark U(1D gauge symmetry exists in all six versions. However, the corresponding symmetry breaking pattern does not reduce properly to that of the standard model, unless an additional Z2′ symmetry is defined, so that U(1D×Z2′ is broken to Z2 dark parity. The available dark matter candidates in each case include fermions, scalars, as well as vector gauge bosons. This work points to the possible unity of matter with dark matter, the origin of which may not be ad hoc.
Finite flavour groups of fermions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grimus, Walter; Ludl, Patrick Otto
2012-01-01
We present an overview of the theory of finite groups, with regard to their application as flavour symmetries in particle physics. In a general part, we discuss useful theorems concerning group structure, conjugacy classes, representations and character tables. In a specialized part, we attempt to give a fairly comprehensive review of finite subgroups of SO(3) and SU(3), in which we apply and illustrate the general theory. Moreover, we also provide a concise description of the symmetric and alternating groups and comment on the relationship between finite subgroups of U(3) and finite subgroups of SU(3). Although in this review we give a detailed description of a wide range of finite groups, the main focus is on the methods which allow the exploration of their different aspects. (topical review)
Minimal Supersymmetric $SU(4) \\to SU(2)_L \\to SU(2)_R$
King, S F
1998-01-01
We present a minimal string-inspired supersymmetric $SU(4) \\times SU(2)_L potential in this model, based on a generalisation of that recently proposed by Dvali, Lazarides and Shafi. The model contains a global U(1) R-symmetry and reduces to the MSSM at low energies. However it improves on the MSSM since it explains the magnitude of its $\\mu$ term and gives a prediction for $\\tan \\beta both `cold' and `hot' dark matter candidates. A period of hybrid inflation above the symmetry breaking scale is also possible in this model. Finally it suggests the existence of `heavy' charge $\\pm e/6$ (colored) and $\\pm e/2$ (color singlet) states.
Some restrictions on possible supergroups and flavor groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Saclioglu, C.
1977-01-01
It is pointed out that a suggestion of Nambu which yields diquark currents from the usual flavor or color quark currents may be relevant for classifying similar currents which arise in gauge theories unifying strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions. The requirement that charges of SU(3)/sub color/ x SU(n)/sub flavor/ plus the new diquark currents complete the generators of a simple vectorlike supergroup G can be met only in the cases n = 3,G = F 4 ; n = 6,G = E 7 ; and n = 7,G = SU(15) for n 2 and E 6 result from an analogous generalization of SU(3) and SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3). Explicit generators involving diquark and leptoquark charges are constructed for the groups G 2 and F 4
Duality relations between SU(N)k and SU(k)NWZW models and their braid matrices
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Naculich, S.G.; Schnitzer, H.J.
1990-01-01
Dual relations are found between the primary fields, correlators, and conformal blocks of SU(N) k and SU(k) N WZW models, which in turn imply dual relations between the braid matrices of the two theories. These results are a consequence of the fact that the spaces of conformal blocks of SU(N) k and SU(k) N correlation functions are dual. (orig.)
Culture suédoise, culture d’entreprise, culture populaire
Merle, Anthony
2013-01-01
Plus qu’un commerce, IKEA est un phénomène culturel à trois dimensions, à la fois image (construite ?) de la culture suédoise, modèle (prétendu ?) d’une certaine culture d’entreprise, et marque imprégnant largement la culture populaire. Par sa communication et sa politique, le groupe IKEA se présente comme vendeur d’un Ailleurs, à savoir celui de son origine suédoise. À partir du cas IKEA, cet article a pour objectif d’interroger le rôle de la distance cognitive (Ici/Ailleurs) pour comprendre...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aslaksen, H.
1988-01-01
In this paper we will study triangles in SU(3). The orbit space of congruence classes of triangles in SU(3) has dimension 8. Each corner is made up of a pair of tangent vectors (X,Y), and we consider the 8 functions trX 2 , i trX 3 , trY 2 , i trY 3 , trXY, i trY 2 Y, i trXY 2 , trX 2 Y 2 which are invariant under the full isometry group of SU(3). We show that these 8 corner invariants determine the isometry class of the triangle. We give relations (laws of trigonometry) between the invariants at the different corners, enabling us to determine the invariants at the remaining corners, including the values of the remaining side and angles, if we know one set of corner invariants. The invariants that only depend on one tangent vector we will call side invariants, while those that depend on two tangent vectors will be called angular invariants. For each triangle we then have 6 side invariants and 12 angular invariants. Hence we need 18 - 8 = 10 laws of trigonometry. The basic tool for deriving these laws is a formula expressing tr(exp X exp Y) in terms of the corner invariants
Renormalization effects in the SU(16) maximally gauged theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mahdavi-Hezaveh, E.
1981-03-01
In the context of a quark-lepton unified gauge theory, when fermionic degrees of freedom are maximally gauged, several intermediate mass scales filling the grand plateau, between 10 2 Gev. and the grand unifying mass scale, M, may exist. In particular, when renormalization effects are taken into account for the SU(16) ''maximal'' gauge symmetry, [in which lepton number is regarded as the fourth color quantum number], it turns out that two intermediate stages governed by the symmetries G 2 =SU(8)sub(I) S SU(8)sub(II) X U(1)sub(F) and G 3 =SU(2)sub(L) X XU(2)sub(R) X SU(4)sub(C) can naturally coexist if Sin 2 theta (Msub(W))>1/6+5/9(α(Msub(W)/αsub(S)(Msub(W)). It is shown that these symmetries break down at a mass scale of the order of Msub(X) approximately equal to 10 4 -10 5 Gev. If neutral current phenomenology (or any other experiment) predicts Sin 2 theta (Msub(W))>0.206, then quark-lepton unification and left-right symmetry simultaneously break down at M approximately equal to 10 4 Gev. (at which αsub(C)(Msub(X) approximately equal to 0.041). It is then argued that apart from proton decay, n-anti n oscillation and neutrinoless double β decay processes, an accurate experimental value of Sin 2 theta (Msub(W)), to α 10 -4 accuracy) plays a crucial role in determining the possible existence of such intermediate stages. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klevers, Denis [Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Taylor, Washington [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2016-06-29
We give an explicit construction of a class of F-theory models with matter in the three-index symmetric (4) representation of SU(2). This matter is realized at codimension two loci in the F-theory base where the divisor carrying the gauge group is singular; the associated Weierstrass model does not have the form associated with a generic SU(2) Tate model. For 6D theories, the matter is localized at a triple point singularity of arithmetic genus g=3 in the curve supporting the SU(2) group. This is the first explicit realization of matter in F-theory in a representation corresponding to a genus contribution greater than one. The construction is realized by “unHiggsing” a model with a U(1) gauge factor under which there is matter with charge q=3. The resulting SU(2) models can be further unHiggsed to realize non-Abelian G{sub 2}×SU(2) models with more conventional matter content or SU(2){sup 3} models with trifundamental matter. The U(1) models used as the basis for this construction do not seem to have a Weierstrass realization in the general form found by Morrison-Park, suggesting that a generalization of that form may be needed to incorporate models with arbitrary matter representations and gauge groups localized on singular divisors.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marina Cordisco
2013-12-01
Full Text Available From the converged concepts identity, culture, heritage and territory, is analyzed the possibility of formulating and implementing a strategy of differentiation for the agritourism activity developed by farms of group Cortaderas II (Cambio Rural, INTA, in Coronel Suárez (province of Buenos Aires. With this aim was made a diagnostic through direct interviews and observations of the farms involved. Emphasizing own aspects of its rural environment, was tried to identify cultural values and products with territorial anchorage that they impose a distinctive stamp to the tourist service that they offer. In addition, was investigated in what measure the members are prepared to manage the business, recognizing in them managerial competitions and enterprising characteristics. Finally, it is thought over brings over of the degree of maturity reached, typifying the individual enterprise culture and according to the group work, of way of evaluating if the putting in value of its resources evolves from a " domestic character " up to coming to a " commercial formal character ". It is observed the construction of a socio- cultural-economic identity that makes viable a competitive differential strategy with anchorage in the territory, as well as conditions for the development of the most formalized tourist activity based on the quality management
Topology of unitary groups and the prime orders of binomial coefficients
Duan, HaiBao; Lin, XianZu
2017-09-01
Let $c:SU(n)\\rightarrow PSU(n)=SU(n)/\\mathbb{Z}_{n}$ be the quotient map of the special unitary group $SU(n)$ by its center subgroup $\\mathbb{Z}_{n}$. We determine the induced homomorphism $c^{\\ast}:$ $H^{\\ast}(PSU(n))\\rightarrow H^{\\ast}(SU(n))$ on cohomologies by computing with the prime orders of binomial coefficients
Los Grammy Latino, su meta inicial y su fin comercial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marinés Arroyo Sotomayor
2015-01-01
Full Text Available El artículo refiere lo que es este festival musical que premia el talento latino, quienes participan, su meta inicial y su fin comercial. Muestra que a pesar de la tradición de intolerancia del exilio cubano, la música sirvió, una vez más, como puente de cultura
Quregisters, Symmetry Groups and Clifford Algebras
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cervantes, D; Morales-Luna, G
2016-01-01
Natural one-to-one and two-to-one homomorphisms from SO(3) into SU(2) are built conventionally, and the collection of qubits, is identified with a subgroup of SU(2). This construction is suitable to be extended to corresponding tensor powers. The notions of qubits, quregisters and qugates are translated into the language of symmetry groups. The corresponding elements to entangled states in the tensor product of Hilbert spaces reflect entanglement properties as well, and in this way a notion of entanglement is realised in the tensor product of symmetry groups. (paper)
SU(2) and SU(1,1) squeezing of interacting radiation modes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abdalla Sebawe, M.; Faisal El-Orany, A.A.; Perina, J.
2000-01-01
In this communication we discuss SU(1,1) and SU(2) squeezing of an interacting system of radiation modes in a quadratic medium in the framework of Lie algebra. We show that regardless of which state being initially considered, squeezing can be periodically generated. (authors)
ɛ '/ ɛ anomaly and neutron EDM in SU(2) L × SU(2) R × U(1) B- L model with charge symmetry
Haba, Naoyuki; Umeeda, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Toshifumi
2018-05-01
The Standard Model prediction for ɛ '/ ɛ based on recent lattice QCD results exhibits a tension with the experimental data. We solve this tension through W R + gauge boson exchange in the SU(2) L × SU(2) R × U(1) B- L model with `charge symmetry', whose theoretical motivation is to attribute the chiral structure of the Standard Model to the spontaneous breaking of SU(2) R × U(1) B- L gauge group and charge symmetry. We show that {M_W}{_R}study a correlation between ɛ ' /ɛ and the neutron EDM. We confirm that the model can solve the ɛ ' /ɛ anomaly without conflicting the current bound on the neutron EDM, and further reveal that almost all parameter regions in which the ɛ ' /ɛ anomaly is explained will be covered by future neutron EDM searches, which leads us to anticipate the discovery of the neutron EDM.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Litchfield, P.
1977-09-01
An elementary account of the SU(6) formalism for baryons is given. The assignment of the known resonances to SU(6) multiplets is discussed and an experimental scheme given for the spectrum of SU(6) x 0(2) multiplets. (author)
SU2 nonstandard bases: the case of mutually unbiased bases
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Olivier, Albouy; Kibler, Maurice R.
2007-02-01
This paper deals with bases in a finite-dimensional Hilbert space. Such a space can be realized as a subspace of the representation space of SU 2 corresponding to an irreducible representation of SU 2 . The representation theory of SU 2 is reconsidered via the use of two truncated deformed oscillators. This leads to replace the familiar scheme [j 2 , j z ] by a scheme [j 2 , v ra ], where the two-parameter operator v ra is defined in the universal enveloping algebra of the Lie algebra su 2 . The eigenvectors of the commuting set of operators [j 2 , v ra ] are adapted to a tower of chains SO 3 includes C 2j+1 (2j belongs to N * ), where C 2j+1 is the cyclic group of order 2j + 1. In the case where 2j + 1 is prime, the corresponding eigenvectors generate a complete set of mutually unbiased bases. Some useful relations on generalized quadratic Gauss sums are exposed in three appendices. (authors)
Improved anti-stiction coating of SU-8 molds
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lange, Jacob Moresco; Clausen, Casper Hyttel; Svendsen, Winnie Edith
2010-01-01
of the epoxy groups by oxygen plasma or sulfuric acid improves the deposition of FDTS. The deposition of FDTS on acid-activated and untreated SU-8 gave an identical well performing anti-stiction coating, as opposed to oxygen plasma activated surface which resulted in a poor FDTS coverage. In this paper...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hodges, Gethin W; Bang, Casper N; Eugen-Olsen, Jesper
2018-01-01
complications with a HR of 2.7 (95% CI 1.5 to 5.1, P=0.002), per doubling in suPAR. After adjusting for the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation or Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk score, suPAR remained associated with postoperative mortality with a HR 3.2 (95% CI 1.2 to 8.6, P=0.025) and 2...
Infrared behaviors of SU(2 gauge theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tuominen Kimmo
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We will discuss some recent results in the determination of the location of the conformal window in SU(2 gauge theory with Nf fermions in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. In particular, we will demonstrate that the long distance behavior of the continuum theory with Nf = 6 is governed by an infrared stable fixed point.
Klevers, Denis
2016-01-01
We give an explicit construction of a class of F-theory models with matter in the three-index symmetric (4) representation of SU(2). This matter is realized at codimension two loci in the F-theory base where the divisor carrying the gauge group is singular; the associated Weierstrass model does not have the form associated with a generic SU(2) Tate model. For 6D theories, the matter is localized at a triple point singularity of arithmetic genus g=3 in the curve supporting the SU(2) group. This is the first explicit realization of matter in F-theory in a representation corresponding to a genus contribution greater than one. The construction is realized by "unHiggsing" a model with a U(1) gauge factor under which there is matter with charge q=3. The resulting SU(2) models can be further unHiggsed to realize non-Abelian G_2xSU(2) models with more conventional matter content or SU(2)^3 models with trifundamental matter. The U(1) models used as the basis for this construction do not seem to have a Weierstrass real...
The $SU(\\infty)$ twisted gradient flow running coupling
Pérez, Margarita García; Keegan, Liam; Okawa, Masanori
2015-01-01
We measure the running of the $SU(\\infty)$ 't Hooft coupling by performing a step scaling analysis of the Twisted Eguchi-Kawai (TEK) model, the SU($N$) gauge theory on a single site lattice with twisted boundary conditions. The computation relies on the conjecture that finite volume effects for SU(N) gauge theories defined on a 4-dimensional twisted torus are controlled by an effective size parameter $\\tilde l = l \\sqrt{N}$, with $l$ the torus period. We set the scale for the running coupling in terms of $\\tilde l$ and use the gradient flow to define a renormalized 't Hooft coupling $\\lambda(\\tilde l)$. In the TEK model, this idea allows the determination of the running of the coupling through a step scaling procedure that uses the rank of the group as a size parameter. The continuum renormalized coupling constant is extracted in the zero lattice spacing limit, which in the TEK model corresponds to the large $N$ limit taken at fixed value of $\\lambda(\\tilde l)$. The coupling constant is thus expected to coinc...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mölkänen, T; Ruotsalainen, E; Thorball, C W
2011-01-01
The soluble form of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a new inflammatory marker. High suPAR levels have been shown to associate with mortality in cancer and in chronic infections like HIV and tuberculosis, but reports on the role of suPAR in acute bacteremic infections...... are scarce. To elucidate the role of suPAR in a common bacteremic infection, the serum suPAR levels in 59 patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) were measured using the suPARnostic ELISA assay and associations to 1-month mortality and with deep infection focus were analyzed. On day three, after...... the first positive blood culture for S. aureus, suPAR levels were higher in 19 fatalities (median 12.3; range 5.7-64.6 ng/mL) than in 40 survivors (median 8.4; range 3.7-17.6 ng/mL, p = 0.002). This difference persisted for 10 days. The presence of deep infection focus was not associated with elevated su...
A natural flipped SU(6) three-generation Calabi-Yau superstring model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Panagiotakopoulos, C. (Theory Div., CERN, Geneva (Switzerland))
1991-10-24
We construct a realistic three-generation Calabi-Yau superstring model is which the gauge group SU(6) XU (1) breaks down spontaneously to the standard model group at the compactification scale. Its most remarkable property is the adequate suppression of the proton decay rate without any small trilinear superpotential couplings. (orig.).
Measurement properties of the EQ-5D-5L compared to the EQ-5D-3L across eight patient groups
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Janssen, M F; Pickard, A Simon; Golicki, Dominik
2012-01-01
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the measurement properties of the 5-level classification system of the EQ-5D (5L), in comparison with the 3-level EQ-5D (3L). METHODS: Participants (n = 3,919) from six countries, including eight patient groups with chronic conditions (cardiovascular...... of the 3-level system which improves upon the measurement properties, reducing the ceiling while improving discriminatory power and establishing convergent and known-groups validity.......), redistribution properties, ceiling, discriminatory power, convergent validity, and known-groups validity. RESULTS: Missing values were on average 0.8 % for 5L and 1.3 % for 3L. In total, 2.9 % of responses were inconsistent between 5L and 3L. Redistribution from 3L to 5L using EQ dimension-specific rating scales...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wei Liqiang; Dalgarno, Alexander
2004-01-01
We show that general 3n-j(n > 2) symbols of the first and second kinds for the group SU(2) can be reformulated in terms of binomial coefficients. The proof is based on the graphical technique established by Yutsis et al and through a definition of a reduced 6-j symbol. The resulting 3n-j symbols thereby take a combinatorial form which is simply the product of two factors. The one is an integer or polynomial which is the single sum over the products of reduced 6-j symbols. They are in the form of summing over the products of binomial coefficients. The other is a multiplication of all the triangle relations appearing in the symbols, which can also be rewritten using binomial coefficients. The new formulation indicates that the intrinsic structure for the general recoupling coefficients is much nicer and simpler, which might serve as a bridge for study with other fields. Along with our newly developed algorithms, this also provides a basis for a direct, exact and efficient calculation or tabulation of all the 3n-j symbols of the SU(2) group for all the range of quantum angular momentum arguments. As an illustration, we present the results for the 12-j symbols of the first kind
Implications of Anomalous U(1) Symmetry in Unified Models the Flipped SU(5) x U(1) Paradigm
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Rizos, J; Ellis, John
2000-01-01
A generic feature of string-derived models is the appearance of an anomalousAbelian U(1)_A symmetry which, among other properties, constrains the Yukawacouplings and distinguishes the three families from each other. In this paper,we discuss in a model-independent way the general constraints imposed by such aU(1)_A symmetry on fermion masses, R-violating couplings and proton-decayoperators in a generic flipped SU(5) x U(1)' model. We construct all possibleviable fermion mass textures and give various examples of effective low-energymodels which are distinguished from each other by their different predictionsfor B-, L- and R-violating effects. We pay particular attention to predictionsfor neutrino masses, in the light of the recent Super-Kamiokande data.
Grupping, Katrijn; Campora, Laura; Douha, Martine; Heineman, Thomas C; Klein, Nicola P; Lal, Himal; Peterson, James; Vastiau, Ilse; Oostvogels, Lidia
2017-12-12
Protection against herpes zoster (HZ) induced by the live attenuated zoster vaccine Zostavax (ZVL) wanes within 3-7 years. Revaccination may renew protection. We assessed whether (re)vaccination with the adjuvanted HZ subunit vaccine candidate (HZ/su) induced comparable immune responses in previous ZVL recipients and ZVL-naive individuals (HZ-NonVac). In an open-label, multicenter study, adults ≥65 years of age, vaccinated with ZVL ≥5 years previously (HZ-PreVac), were matched to ZVL-naive adults (HZ-NonVac). Participants received 2 doses of HZ/su 2 months apart. The primary objective of noninferiority of the humoral immune response 1 month post-dose 2 was considered demonstrated if the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval (CI) of the adjusted anti-glycoprotein E geometric mean concentration (GMC) ratio of HZ-NonVac over HZ-PreVac was <1.5. HZ/su cellular immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety were also assessed. In 430 participants, humoral immune response to HZ/su was noninferior in HZ-PreVac compared with HZ-NonVac (adjusted GMC ratio, 1.04 [95% CI, .92-1.17]). Cellular immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety appeared to be comparable between groups. HZ/su was well-tolerated, with no safety concerns raised within 1 month post-dose 2. HZ/su induces a strong immune response irrespective of prior vaccination with ZVL, and may be an attractive option to revaccinate prior ZVL recipients. NCT02581410. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Ma, Ernest
2018-05-01
An extra SU(2)D gauge factor is added to the well-known left-right extension of the standard model (SM) of quarks and leptons. Under SU(2)L × SU(2)R × SU(2)D, two fermion bidoublets (2 , 1 , 2) and (1 , 2 , 2) are assumed. The resulting model has an automatic dark U (1) symmetry, in the same way that the SM has automatic baryon and lepton U (1) symmetries. Phenomenological implications are discussed, as well as the possible theoretical origins of this proposal.
Las acciones que usted toda en su diario vivir tienen un impacto en su medioambiente y su salud. La Agencia de Protección Ambiental de EE.UU. (EPA, por sus siglas en inglés) ofrece información sobre los pasos que puede tomar para protegerse a usted y prote
SU(2)xSU(2) coupling rule and a tensor glueball candidate
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lanik, J.
1984-01-01
The data on the decay of THETA(1640) particles are considered. It is shown that the SU(2)xSU(2) mechanism for coupling of theta(1640) tensor glueball candidate to pseudoscalar Gold-stone mesons is in a remarkable agreement with existing experimental data
M5-brane as a Nambu-Poisson geometry of a multi-D1-brane theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
De Castro, A.; Garcia del Moral, M.P.; Martin, I.; Restuccia, A.
2004-01-01
We introduce a Nambu-Poisson bracket in the geometrical description of the D=11 M5-brane. This procedure allows us, under some assumptions, to eliminate the local degrees of freedom of the antisymmetric field in the M5-brane Hamiltonian and to express it as a D=11 p-brane theory invariant under symplectomorphisms. The explicit expression of the Hamiltonian is obtained. The existence of nontrivial physical configurations annihilating the energy density is shown. Finally, a regularization of the M5-brane in terms of a multi D1-brane theory invariant under the SU(N)xSU(N) group in the limit when N→∞ is constructed
Study of Λ parameters and crossover phenomena in SU(N) x SU(N) sigma models in two dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shigemitsu, J.; Kogut, J.B.
1981-01-01
The spin system analogues of recent studies of the string tension and Λ parameters of SU(N) gauge theories in 4 dimensions are carried out for the SU(N) x SU(N) and O(N) models in 2 dimensions. The relations between the Λ parameters of both the Euclidean and Hamiltonian formulation of the lattice models and the Λ parameter of the continuum models are obtained. The one loop finite renormalization of the speed of light in the lattice Hamiltonian formulations of the O(N) and SU(N) x SU(N) models is calculated. Strong coupling calculations of the mass gaps of these spin models are done for all N and the constants of proportionality between the gap and the Λ parameter of the continuum models are obtained. These results are contrasted with similar calculations for the SU(N) gauge models in 3+1 dimensions. Identifying suitable coupling constants for discussing the N → infinity limits, the numerical results suggest that the crossover from weak to strong coupling in the lattice O(N) models becomes less abrupt as N increases while the crossover for the SU(N) x SU(N) models becomes more abrupt. The crossover in SU(N) gauge theories also becomes more abrupt with increasing N, however, at an even greater rate than in the SU(N) x SU(N) spin models
On exact correlation functions in SU(N) $ \\mathcal{N}=2 $ superconformal QCD
Baggio, Marco; Papadodimas, Kyriakos
2015-01-01
We consider the exact coupling constant dependence of extremal correlation functions of ${\\cal N} = 2$ chiral primary operators in 4d ${\\cal N} = 2$ superconformal gauge theories with gauge group SU(N) and N_f=2N massless fundamental hypermultiplets. The 2- and 3-point functions, viewed as functions of the exactly marginal coupling constant and theta angle, obey the tt* equations. In the case at hand, the tt* equations form a set of complicated non-linear coupled matrix equations. We point out that there is an ad hoc self-consistent ansatz that reduces this set of partial differential equations to a sequence of decoupled semi-infinite Toda chains, similar to the one encountered previously in the special case of SU(2) gauge group. This ansatz requires a surprising new non-renormalization theorem in ${\\cal N} = 2$ superconformal field theories. We derive a general 3-loop perturbative formula for 2- and 3-point functions in the ${\\cal N} = 2$ chiral ring of the SU(N) theory, and in all explicitly computed exampl...
Entropy of entangled states and SU(1,1) and SU(2) symmetries
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Santana, A.E.; Khanna, F.C.; Revzen, M.
2002-01-01
Based on a recent definition of a measure for entanglement [Plenio and Vedral, Contemp. Phys. 39, 431 (1998)], examples of maximum entangled states are presented. The construction of such states, which have symmetry SU(1,1) and SU(2), follows the guidance of thermofield dynamics formalism
SU{sub 2} nonstandard bases: the case of mutually unbiased bases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Olivier, Albouy; Kibler, Maurice R. [Universite de Lyon, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, Universite Lyon, CNRS/IN2P3, 43 bd du 11 novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)
2007-02-15
This paper deals with bases in a finite-dimensional Hilbert space. Such a space can be realized as a subspace of the representation space of SU{sub 2} corresponding to an irreducible representation of SU{sub 2}. The representation theory of SU{sub 2} is reconsidered via the use of two truncated deformed oscillators. This leads to replace the familiar scheme [j{sub 2}, j{sub z}] by a scheme [j{sup 2}, v{sub ra}], where the two-parameter operator v{sub ra} is defined in the universal enveloping algebra of the Lie algebra su{sub 2}. The eigenvectors of the commuting set of operators [j{sup 2}, v{sub ra}] are adapted to a tower of chains SO{sub 3} includes C{sub 2j+1} (2j belongs to N{sup *}), where C{sub 2j+1} is the cyclic group of order 2j + 1. In the case where 2j + 1 is prime, the corresponding eigenvectors generate a complete set of mutually unbiased bases. Some useful relations on generalized quadratic Gauss sums are exposed in three appendices. (authors)
ROGERS SU PENSAMIENTO PROFESIONAL Y SU FILOSOFÍA PERSONAL
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gina Pezzano de Vengoechea
2001-01-01
Full Text Available Carl Rogers denominó a su enfoque psicológico «Psicoterapia centrada en el cliente» y se asocia a la Psicología Humanista, que dignifica y valora el esfuerzo de la persona por desarrollar sus potencialidades. En esta ponencia se describen las ventajas y alcances de este enfoque, así como las limitaciones que muestra su empleo en medios socioeconómicos en desventaja. De igual manera, se analizan las enseñanzas más significativas de este psicoterapeuta acerca de las relaciones entre los individuos.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anja Boisen
2008-03-01
Full Text Available Here, we present the activities within our research group over the last five yearswith cantilevers fabricated in the polymer SU-8. We believe that SU-8 is an interestingpolymer for fabrication of cantilevers for bio/chemical sensing due to its simple processingand low YoungÃ¢Â€Â™s modulus. We show examples of different integrated read-out methodsand their characterisation. We also show that SU-8 cantilevers have a reduced sensitivity tochanges in the environmental temperature and pH of the buffer solution. Moreover, weshow that the SU-8 cantilever surface can be functionalised directly with receptormolecules for analyte detection, thereby avoiding gold-thiol chemistry.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nordström, M.; Keller, Stephan Urs; Lillemose, Michael
2008-01-01
Here, we present the activities within our research group over the last five years with cantilevers fabricated in the polymer SU-8. We believe that SU-8 is an interesting polymer for fabrication of cantilevers for bio/chemical sensing due to its simple processing and low Young's modulus. We show...
Anja Boisen; Mogens Havsteen-Jakobsen; Gabriela Blagoi; Daniel Haefliger; SÃƒÂ¸ren Dohn; Alicia Johansson; Michael Lillemose; Stephan Keller; Maria NordstrÃƒÂ¶m
2008-01-01
Here, we present the activities within our research group over the last five years with cantilevers fabricated in the polymer SU-8. We believe that SU-8 is an interesting polymer for fabrication of cantilevers for bio/chemical sensing due to its simple processing and low Young's modulus. We show examples of different integrated read-out methods and their characterisation. We also show that SU-8 cantilevers have a reduced sensitivity to changes in the environmental temperature and pH of the bu...
Kink-induced symmetry breaking patterns in brane-world SU(3)^3 trinification models
Demaria, Alison; Volkas, Raymond R.
2005-01-01
The trinification grand unified theory (GUT) has gauge group SU(3)^3 and a discrete symmetry permuting the SU(3) factors. In common with other GUTs, the attractive nature of the fermionic multiplet assignments is obviated by the complicated multi-parameter Higgs potential apparently needed for phenomenological reasons, and also by vacuum expectation value (VEV) hierarchies within a given multiplet. This motivates the rigorous consideration of Higgs potentials, symmetry breaking patterns and a...
A comment on the quark mixing in the supersymmetric SU(4)xO(4) GUT model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ranfone, S.
1992-08-01
The SU(4) x O(4) and the ''flipped'' SU(5) x U(1) models seem to be the only possible Grand Universal Theories (GUT's) derivable from string theories with Kac-Moody level K=1. Naively, the SU(4) x O(4) model, at least in its minimal GUT version, is characterized by the lack of any mixing in the quark sector. In this ''Comment'' we show that, although some mixing may be generated as a consequence of large vacuum-expectation-values for the scalar partners of the right-handed neutrinos, it turns out to be too small by several orders of magnitude, in net contrast with our experimental information concerning the Cabibbo mixing. Our result, which therefore rules out the minimal SU(4) x O(4) GUT model, also applies to ''flipped'' SU(5) x U(1) in the case of the embedding in SO(10). (Author)
Symmetry breaking and asymptotic freedom in colour SU(3) gauge models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ma, E.
1976-01-01
A class of quark models based on the colour gauge group SU(3) is shown to be asymptotically free despite the complete breakdown of local symmetry to guarantee infrared stability. The symmetry breakdown is achieved by the presence of elementary scalar fields either through the Higgs mechanism or dynamically as first proposed by Coleman and Weinberg. Asymptotic freedom is preserved by imposing eigenvalue conditions on the coupling constants as first proposed by Chang. New quark species must be present, but below their production threshold, colour can still be a global symmetry which is approximate under SU(3), but exact under SU(2). Among the many implications of this class of models is the possibility of producing isolated quarks and gluons of non-zero mass without altering the short-distance behaviour of the superstrong interaction which binds them. (Auth.)
Group theoretical quantization of isotropic loop cosmology
Livine, Etera R.; Martín-Benito, Mercedes
2012-06-01
We achieve a group theoretical quantization of the flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model coupled to a massless scalar field adopting the improved dynamics of loop quantum cosmology. Deparemetrizing the system using the scalar field as internal time, we first identify a complete set of phase space observables whose Poisson algebra is isomorphic to the su(1,1) Lie algebra. It is generated by the volume observable and the Hamiltonian. These observables describe faithfully the regularized phase space underlying the loop quantization: they account for the polymerization of the variable conjugate to the volume and for the existence of a kinematical nonvanishing minimum volume. Since the Hamiltonian is an element in the su(1,1) Lie algebra, the dynamics is now implemented as SU(1, 1) transformations. At the quantum level, the system is quantized as a timelike irreducible representation of the group SU(1, 1). These representations are labeled by a half-integer spin, which gives the minimal volume. They provide superselection sectors without quantization anomalies and no factor ordering ambiguity arises when representing the Hamiltonian. We then explicitly construct SU(1, 1) coherent states to study the quantum evolution. They not only provide semiclassical states but truly dynamical coherent states. Their use further clarifies the nature of the bounce that resolves the big bang singularity.
Balanced Hermitian metrics from SU(2)-structures
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fernandez, M.; Tomassini, A.; Ugarte, L.; Villacampa, R.
2009-01-01
We study the intrinsic geometrical structure of hypersurfaces in six-manifolds carrying a balanced Hermitian SU(3)-structure, which we call balanced SU(2)-structure. We provide sufficient conditions, in terms of suitable evolution equations, which imply that a five-manifold with such structure can be isometrically embedded as a hypersurface in a balanced Hermitian SU(3)-manifold. Any five-dimensional compact nilmanifold has an invariant balanced SU(2)-structure, and we show how some of them can be evolved to give new explicit examples of balanced Hermitian SU(3)-structures. Moreover, for n=3,4, we present examples of compact solvmanifolds endowed with a balanced SU(n)-structure such that the corresponding Bismut connection has holonomy equal to SU(n)
Factorial representations of path groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Albeverio, S.; Hoegh-Krohn, R.; Testard, D.; Vershik, A.
1983-11-01
We give the reduction of the energy representation of the group of mappings from I = [ 0,1 ], S 1 , IRsub(+) or IR into a compact semi simple Lie group G. For G = SU(2) we prove the factoriality of the representation, which is of type III in the case I = IR
On symmetry hierarchy and radiative corrections in the grand unified model SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Yu.F.
1982-01-01
In the model of precocious chiral unification SU(8)sub(L)xSU(8)sub(R) radiative corrections are calculated for the effective parameters sin 2 thetaw(μ) and α(μ) and the unification mass M 8 is determifed in presence of a hierarchy of intermediate symmetries. The one-loop approximation is used and contributions from the Higgs fields are neglected. It is shown that a natural hierarchy exists leading to a decrease of sinsup(2)thetasub(w)(Msub(wsub(L))) up to sinsup(2)thetasub(w)=1/5-1/4 together with a decrease of M 8 up to M 8 =10 6 -10 7 GeV, as compared with the magnitudes without the hierarchy [ru
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Y.F.
1982-01-01
In the SU(8)/sub L/ x SU(8)/sub R/ model of precocious chiral unification, radiative corrections for the effective parameters sin 2 theta/sub W/(μ) and α(μ) are calculated in the one-loop approximation, neglecting contributions of the Higgs fields, and the unification mass M 8 is determined in the presence of a hierarchy of intermediate symmetries. It is shown that a natural hierarchy exists which leads to a decrease in sin 2 theta/sub W/(M/sub W/L) down to the value sin 2 theta/sub W/ = (1/5)--(1/4) together with a decrease in M 8 down to M 8 = 10 6 --10 7 GeV in comparison with the values in the absence of a hierarchy
Bischoff, Rainer; Coull, J.M.; Regnier, F.E.
1987-01-01
Oligodeoxyribonucleotides terminating in a 5'-primary amine group are synthesized using solid-phase supported phosphoramidite chemistry. The 5'-terminal amine group in the deprotected oligomers is further derivatized with either succinic anhydride to give 5'-carboxylic acid or with
8x8 and 10x10 Hyperspace Representations of SU(3) and 10-fold Point-Symmetry Group of Quasicrystals
Animalu, Alexander
2012-02-01
In order to further elucidate the unexpected 10-fold point-symmetry group structure of quasi-crystals for which the 2011 Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to Daniel Shechtman, we explore a correspondence principle between the number of (projective) geometric elements (points[vertices] + lines[edges] + planes[faces]) of primitive cells of periodic or quasi-periodic arrangement of hard or deformable spheres in 3-dimensional space of crystallography and elements of quantum field theory of particle physics [points ( particles, lines ( particles, planes ( currents] and hence construct 8x8 =64 = 28+36 = 26 + 38, and 10x10 =100= 64 + 36 = 74 + 26 hyperspace representations of the SU(3) symmetry of elementary particle physics and quasicrystals of condensed matter (solid state) physics respectively, As a result, we predict the Cabibbo-like angles in leptonic decay of hadrons in elementary-particle physics and the observed 10-fold symmetric diffraction pattern of quasi-crystals.
On coherent states for the simplest quantum groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jurco, B.
1991-01-01
The coherent states for the simplest quantum groups (q-Heisenberg-Weyl, SU q (2) and the discrete series of representations of SU q (1, 1)) are introduced and their properties investigated. The corresponding analytic representations, path integrals, and q-deformation of Berezin's quantization on C, a sphere, and the Lobatchevsky plane are discussed. (orig.)
Bicovariant differential calculus on quantum groups and wave mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carow-Watamura, U.; Watamura, S.; Hebecker, A.; Schlieker, M.; Weich, W.
1992-01-01
The bicovariant differential calculus on quantum groups defined by Woronowicz and later worked out explicitly by Carow-Watamura et al. and Jurco for the real quantum groups SU q (N) and SO q (N) through a systematic construction of the bicovariant bimodules of these quantum groups, is reviewed for SU q (2) and SO q (N). The resulting vector fields build representations of the quantized universal enveloping algebras acting as covariant differential operators on the quantum groups and their associated quantum spaces. As an application, a free particle stationary wave equation on quantum space is formulated and solved in terms of a complete set of energy eigenfunctions. (author) 15 refs
Physical symmetry groups and associated bundles in field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Crumeyrolle, A.
1986-01-01
A previous paper, ''Some geometrical consequences of physical symmetries'' describes in some detail invariant submanifolds of the linear representation space C /sup 4m/ for the physical symmetry group : SU(2,2)xSU(m) and its subgroup PxSU(m). In this paper the author intends to give a geometric version using homogeneous spaces and a spinorial approach. Some concrete orbits by means of spinor structures considered in the modern scope and some plausible physical consequences are discussed
Su(4) properties of the Dirac-Kaehler equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Linhares, C.A.; Mignaco, J.A.
1991-01-01
We use the Dirac-Kaehler formalism in the space of differential forms (endowed with a Clifford product) to study the SU(4) symmetry related to the description of spin-1/2 particles found previously in the usual matrix treatment. We show that differential forms may be taken as the generators spanning the algebra of the SU(4) group and how the operations of this group can be related to a change of frame of reference in the algebra. We demonstrate that minimal left ideals of the algebra constitute irreducible representations for spin-1/2 particles for Clifford operation from the left, and exhibit how these ideals are related via space inversion, time reversal and their product. We also consider the dual space of minimal right ideals and show how the Dirac-Kaehler differential operator acts from the right, leaving the minimal right ideals invariant. This allows the introduction of an adjoint form and through the definition of a suitable scalar product, of conserved currents. We emphasize the relevance of all these features to the problem of proliferation of fermion species in the continuum limit of the lattice formalism. (author)
O(5)sub(L)xO(5)sub(R)xU(1)sub(V) electro-weak gauge theory and the neutrino pairing mechanism
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Samiullah, M.; Mubarak, A.
1981-08-01
The possibility of using the group O(5)sub(L)xO(5)sub(R)xU(1)sub(V) for unifying the weak and electromagnetic interactions is studied. We are led to an anomaly free theory. Potentially the theory has the advantage of incorporating the previous results. For example, all the results of O(5)sub(L)xU(1) studies are, as a special case, obtainable at low energies. In the process of breaking the symmetry down to Weinberg-Salam theory at the level of SU(2)sub(L)xSU(2)sub(R)xU(1)sub(V), we have employed the neutrino proposed by Mannheim. We have been able to reproduce several of the conventional electroweak aspects such as the parity violation in both the lepton and charged quark sectors, Weinberg mixing pattern in the neutral current sector while keeping the left-handed neutrinos massless. All the salient features of low energy phenomenology are shown to follow. (author)
On coherent states for the simplest quantum groups
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jurco, B. (Palackeho Univ., Olomouc (Czechoslovakia). Dept. of Optics)
1991-01-01
The coherent states for the simplest quantum groups (q-Heisenberg-Weyl, SU{sub q}(2) and the discrete series of representations of SU{sub q}(1, 1)) are introduced and their properties investigated. The corresponding analytic representations, path integrals, and q-deformation of Berezin's quantization on C, a sphere, and the Lobatchevsky plane are discussed. (orig.).
Conformal maps and group contractions in nuclear structure
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bonatsos, D.
2011-01-01
In mathematics, a conformal map is a function which preserves angles. We show how this procedure can be used in the framework of the Bohr Hamiltonian, leading to a Hamiltonian in a curved space, in which the mass depends on the nuclear deformation β, while it remains independent of the collective variable γ and the three Euler angles. This Hamiltonian is proved to be equivalent to that obtained using techniques of Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics. Group contraction is a procedure in which a symmetry group is reduced into a group of lower symmetry in a certain limiting case. Examples are provided in the large boson number limit of the Interacting Boson Approximation (IBA) model by a) the contraction of the SU(3) algebra into the [R 5 ]SO(3) algebra of the rigid rotator, consisting of the angular momentum operators forming SO(3), plus 5 mutually commuting quantities, the quadrupole operators, b) the contraction of the O(6) algebra into the [R 5 ]SO(5) algebra of the γ-unstable rotator. We show how contractions can be used for constructing symmetry lines in the interior of the symmetry triangle of the IBA model. (author)
Integrable multi parametric SU(N) chain
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Foerster, Angela; Roditi, Itzhak; Rodrigues, Ligia M.C.S.
1996-03-01
We analyse integrable models associated to a multi parametric SU(N) R-matrix. We show that the Hamiltonians describe SU(N) chains with twisted boundary conditions and that the underlying algebraic structure is the multi parametric deformation of SU(N) enlarged by the introduction of a central element. (author). 15 refs
Finite size giant magnons in the SU(2) x SU(2) sector of AdS4 x CP3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lukowski, Tomasz; Sax, Olof Ohlsson
2008-01-01
We use the algebraic curve and Luescher's μ-term to calculate the leading order finite size corrections to the dispersion relation of giant magnons in the SU(2) x SU(2) sector of AdS 4 x CP 3 . We consider a single magnon as well as one magnon in each SU(2). In addition the algebraic curve computation is generalized to give the leading order correction for an arbitrary multi-magnon state in the SU(2) x SU(2) sector.
Broken SU(8) symmetry and the new particles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kramer, G.; Schiller, D.H.
1976-05-01
We study the mass spectra and wave functions for vector and pseudoscalar mesons in broken SU(8) (SU(8) is contained in SU(4)F * SU(2)J), where F stands for flavour and J for usual spin. The connection with the standard mass breaking in SU(4)F is worked out. We find that even in the presence of strong SU(8) breaking the ideal mixing scheme for the vector mesons can be approximately retained. For the pseudoscalar mesons the mixing of the singlet with the 63-plet representation of SU(8) turns out to be essential and stongly nonideal. (orig.) [de
Reducibility of quantum representations of mapping class groups
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Fjelstad, Jens
2010-01-01
that the quantum representations of all the mapping class groups built from the modular tensor category are reducible. In particular, for SU(N) we get reducibility for certain levels and ranks. For the quantum SU(2) Reshetikhin–Turaev theory we construct a decomposition for all even levels. We conjecture...... this decomposition is a complete decomposition into irreducible representations for high enough levels....
Fermion unification model based on the intrinsic SU(8 symmetry of a generalized Dirac equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Eckart eMarsch
2015-10-01
Full Text Available A natural generalization of the original Dirac spinor into a multi-component spinor is achieved, which corresponds to the single lepton and the three quarks of the first family of the standard model of elementary particle physics. Different fermions result from similarity transformations of the Dirac equation, but apparently there can be no more fermions according to the maximal multiplicity revealed in this study. Rotations in the fermion state space are achieved by the unitary generators of the U(1 and the SU(3 groups, corresponding to quantum electrodynamics (QED based on electric charge and chromodynamics (QCD based on colour charge. In addition to hypercharge the dual degree of freedom of hyperspin emerges, which occurs due to the duplicity implied by the two related (Weyl and Dirac representations of the Dirac equation. This yields the SU(2 symmetry of the weak interaction, which can be married to U(1 to generate the unified electroweak interaction as in the standard model. Therefore, the symmetry group encompassing all the three groups mentioned above is SU(8, which can accommodate and unify the observed eight basic stable fermions.
su(1,2) Algebraic Structure of XYZ Antiferromagnetic Model in Linear Spin-Wave Frame
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jin Shuo; Xie Binghao; Yu Zhaoxian; Hou Jingmin
2008-01-01
The XYZ antiferromagnetic model in linear spin-wave frame is shown explicitly to have an su(1,2) algebraic structure: the Hamiltonian can be written as a linear function of the su(1,2) algebra generators. Based on it, the energy eigenvalues are obtained by making use of the similar transformations, and the algebraic diagonalization method is investigated. Some numerical solutions are given, and the results indicate that only one group solution could be accepted in physics
The SU(1, 1) Perelomov number coherent states and the non-degenerate parametric amplifier
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ojeda-Guillén, D., E-mail: dojedag@ipn.mx; Granados, V. D. [Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ed. 9, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, C.P. 07738 México D. F. (Mexico); Mota, R. D. [Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Unidad Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. Santa Ana No. 1000, Col. San Francisco Culhuacán, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04430, México D. F. (Mexico)
2014-04-15
We construct the Perelomov number coherent states for an arbitrary su(1, 1) group operation and study some of their properties. We introduce three operators which act on Perelomov number coherent states and close the su(1, 1) Lie algebra. By using the tilting transformation we apply our results to obtain the energy spectrum and eigenfunctions of the non-degenerate parametric amplifier. We show that these eigenfunctions are the Perelomov number coherent states of the two-dimensional harmonic oscillator.
What is special about the group of the standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nielsen, H.B.; Brene, N.
1989-06-15
The standard model is based on the algebra of U/sub 1/xSU/sub 2/xSU/sub 3/. The systematics of charges of the fundamental fermions seems to suggest the importance of a particular group having this algebra, viz. S(U/sub 2/xU/sub 3/). This group is distinguished from all other connected compact non semisimple groups with dimensionality up to 12 by a characteristic property: it is very ''skew''. By this we mean that the group has relatively few ''generalised outer automorphisms''. One may speculate about physical reasons for this fact. (orig.).
Enhancement of H→γγ in SU(5) model with 45{sub H}-plet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Khalil, S., E-mail: skhalil@zewailcity.edu.eg [Center for Theoretical Physics, Zewail City for Science and Technology, 6 October City, Cairo (Egypt); Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Salem, S. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Zewail City for Science and Technology, 6 October City, Cairo (Egypt); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt)
2013-11-11
We show that the low energy effective model derived from SU(5) with 45-plet Higgs can account for the recently reported enhanced diphoton decay rate of the Standard Model (SM)-like Higgs with mass about 125 GeV. This model extends the SM by an extra Higgs doublet and color-octet scalar doublet. We show that the charged octet scalars are not severely constrained by flavor changing neutral current and can be light. However, the K{sup 0}–K{sup ¯0} mixing implies that the neutral octet-scalar mass should be larger than 400 GeV for tanβ∼O(1). The role of charged octet scalar in the loop of Higgs decay into diphoton is investigated. We point out that the most significant impact of this model on the diphoton decay width comes from the suppression of top-quark coupling with SM-like Higgs or even flipping its sign that leads to important enhancement in Γ(h→γγ). We also study the implications of the neutral octet-scalar contributions to the gluon fusion Higgs production cross section in alleviating the apparent tension between enhancement of diphoton decay rate and suppression of σ(gg→h)
Thermodynamics of one-dimensional SU(4) and SU(6) fermions with attractive interactions
Hoffman, M. D.; Loheac, A. C.; Porter, W. J.; Drut, J. E.
2017-03-01
Motivated by advances in the manipulation and detection of ultracold atoms with multiple internal degrees of freedom, we present a finite-temperature lattice Monte Carlo calculation of the density and pressure equations of state, as well as Tan's contact, of attractively interacting SU(4)- and SU(6)-symmetric fermion systems in one spatial dimension. We also furnish a nonperturbative proof of a universal relation whereby quantities computable in the SU(2) case completely determine the virial coefficients of the SU(Nf) case. These one-dimensional systems are appealing because they can be experimentally realized in highly constrained traps and because of the dominant role played by correlations. The latter are typically nonperturbative and are crucial for understanding ground states and quantum phase transitions. While quantum fluctuations are typically overpowered by thermal ones in one and two dimensions at any finite temperature, we find that quantum effects do leave their imprint in thermodynamic quantities. Our calculations show that the additional degrees of freedom, relative to the SU(2) case, provide a dramatic enhancement of the density and pressure (in units of their noninteracting counterparts) in a wide region around vanishing β μ , where β is the inverse temperature and μ the chemical potential. As shown recently in experiments, the thermodynamics we explore here can be measured in a controlled and precise fashion in highly constrained traps and optical lattices. Our results are a prediction for such experiments in one dimension with atoms of high nuclear spin.
suPAR remains uninfluenced by surgery in septic patients with bloodstream infection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rabensteiner, Jasmin
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Surgical trauma induces activation of the immune system and may cause an increase of inflammatory biomarkers tested postoperatively in septic patients treated for bloodstream infection. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of surgical interventions on the novel sepsis biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR and to compare results with those of routine laboratory parameters CRP, PCT, and IL-6 in patients with culture-proven bloodstream infection. Forty-six adult patients with positive blood culture undergoing minor or major surgical intervention were investigated, 12 blood culture positive patients served as control group. Blood was collected 24 hours before and after surgical intervention for determination of the sepsis biomarkers suPAR, CRP, PCT, and IL-6. Within the surgical study cohort, a non-significant increase of suPAR, CRP, and PCT was observed postoperatively ( 0.642; 0.773; 0.087. In contrast, a slight decrease of IL-6 ( 0.599 was observed. A significant correlation was calculated for the pre- and postoperative difference of CRP ( 0.028 and PCT and type of surgical intervention received: after minor surgical intervention only PCT decreased significantly (<0.001, while after major surgical interventions no significant differences were observed for all biomarkers evaluated. In the control group, a significant decrease of CRP ( 0.005 and PCT ( 0.005 was observed. In patients treated adequately for bloodstream infections, postoperative suPAR levels remained uninfluenced of the surgical trauma and might therefore be a reliable parameter for postoperative infectious monitoring. After minor surgical intervention, PCT seems to be the most reliable parameter.
Independent SU(2)-loop variables
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Loll, R.
1991-04-01
We give a reduction procedure for SU(2)-trace variables and introduce a complete set of indepentent, gauge-invariant and almost local loop variables for the configuration space of SU(2)-lattice gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions. (orig.)
3D gauged supergravity from SU(2) reduction of $N=1$ 6D supergravity
Gava, Edi; Narain, K S
2010-01-01
We obtain Yang-Mills $SU(2)\\times G$ gauged supergravity in three dimensions from $SU(2)$ group manifold reduction of (1,0) six dimensional supergravity coupled to an anti-symmetric tensor multiplet and gauge vector multiplets in the adjoint of $G$. The reduced theory is consistently truncated to $N=4$ 3D supergravity coupled to $4(1+\\textrm{dim}\\, G)$ bosonic and $4(1+\\textrm{dim}\\, G)$ fermionic propagating degrees of freedom. This is in contrast to the reduction in which there are also massive vector fields. The scalar manifold is $\\mathbf{R}\\times \\frac{SO(3,\\, \\textrm{dim}\\, G)}{SO(3)\\times SO(\\textrm{dim}\\, G)}$, and there is a $SU(2)\\times G$ gauge group. We then construct $N=4$ Chern-Simons $(SO(3)\\ltimes \\mathbf{R}^3)\\times (G\\ltimes \\mathbf{R}^{\\textrm{dim}G})$ three dimensional gauged supergravity with scalar manifold $\\frac{SO(4,\\,1+\\textrm{dim}G)}{SO(4)\\times SO(1+\\textrm{dim}G)}$ and explicitly show that this theory is on-shell equivalent to the Yang-Mills $SO(3)\\times G$ gauged supergravity the...
Introduction to quantum groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Monteiro, Marco A.R.
1994-01-01
An elementary introduction to quantum groups is presented. The example of Universal Enveloping Algebra of deformed SU(2) is analysed in detail. It is also discussed systems made up of bosonic q-oscillators at finite temperature within the formalism of Thermo-Field Dynamics. (author). 39 refs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
1993-01-01
Full text: In his review 'Genesis of Unified Gauge Theories' at the symposium in Honour of Abdus Salam (June, page 23), Tom Kibble of Imperial College, London, looked back to the physics events around Salam from 1959-67. He described how, in the early 1960s, people were pushing to enlarge the symmetry of strong interactions beyond the SU(2) of isospin and incorporate the additional strangeness quantum number. Kibble wrote - 'Salam had students working on every conceivable symmetry group. One of these was Yuval Ne'eman, who had the good fortune and/or prescience to work on SU(3). From that work, and of course from the independent work of Murray Gell- Mann, stemmed the Eightfold Way, with its triumphant vindication in the discovery of the omega-minus in 1964.' Yuval Ne'eman writes - 'I was the Defence Attaché at the Israeli Embassy in London and was admitted by Salam as a part-time graduate student when I arrived in 1958. I started research after resigning from the Embassy in May 1960. Salam suggested a problem: provide vector mesons with mass - the problem which was eventually solved by Higgs, Guralnik, Kibble,.... (as described by Kibble in his article). I explained to Salam that I had become interested in symmetry. Nobody at Imperial College at the time, other than Salam himself, was doing anything in groups, and attention further afield was focused on the rotation - SO(N) - groups. Reacting to my own half-baked schemes, Salam told me to forget about the rotation groups he taught us, and study group theory in depth, directing me to Eugene Dynkin's classification of Lie subalgebras, about which he had heard from Morton Hamermesh. I found Dynkin incomprehensible without first learning about Lie algebras from Henri Cartan's thesis, which luckily had been reproduced by Dynkin in his 1946 thesis, using his diagram method. From a copy of a translation of Dynkin's thesis which I found in the British Museum Library, I
Adhesive pad differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster depends on the Polycomb group gene Su(z)2.
Hüsken, Mirko; Hufnagel, Kim; Mende, Katharina; Appel, Esther; Meyer, Heiko; Peisker, Henrik; Tögel, Markus; Wang, Shuoshuo; Wolff, Jonas; Gorb, Stanislav N; Paululat, Achim
2015-04-15
The ability of many insects to walk on vertical smooth surfaces such as glass or even on the ceiling has fascinated biologists for a long time, and has led to the discovery of highly specialized adhesive organs located at the distal end of the animals' legs. So far, research has primarily focused on structural and ultrastructural investigations leading to a deeper understanding of adhesive organ functionality and to the development of new bioinspired materials. Genetic approaches, e.g. the analysis of mutants, to achieve a better understanding of adhesive organ differentiation have not been used so far. Here, we describe the first Drosophila melanogaster mutant that develops malformed adhesive organs, resulting in a complete loss of climbing ability on vertical smooth surfaces. Interestingly, these mutants fail to make close contact between the setal tips and the smooth surface, a crucial condition for wet adhesion mediated by capillary forces. Instead, these flies walk solely on their claws. Moreover, we were able to show that the mutation is caused by a P-element insertion into the Su(z)2 gene locus. Remobilization of the P-element restores climbing ability. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the P-element insertion results in an artificial Su(z)2 transcript, which most likely causes a gain-of-function mutation. We presume that this transcript causes deregulation of yet unknown target genes involved in pulvilli differentiation. Our results nicely demonstrate that the genetically treatable model organism Drosophila is highly suitable for future investigations on adhesive organ differentiation. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
Integration of two RAB5 groups during endosomal transport in plants
Ebine, Kazuo; Choi, Seung-won; Ichinose, Sakura; Uemura, Tomohiro; Nakano, Akihiko
2018-01-01
RAB5 is a key regulator of endosomal functions in eukaryotic cells. Plants possess two different RAB5 groups, canonical and plant-unique types, which act via unknown counteracting mechanisms. Here, we identified an effector molecule of the plant-unique RAB5 in Arabidopsis thaliana, ARA6, which we designated PLANT-UNIQUE RAB5 EFFECTOR 2 (PUF2). Preferential colocalization with canonical RAB5 on endosomes and genetic interaction analysis indicated that PUF2 coordinates vacuolar transport with canonical RAB5, although PUF2 was identified as an effector of ARA6. Competitive binding of PUF2 with GTP-bound ARA6 and GDP-bound canonical RAB5, together interacting with the shared activating factor VPS9a, showed that ARA6 negatively regulates canonical RAB5-mediated vacuolar transport by titrating PUF2 and VPS9a. These results suggest a unique and unprecedented function for a RAB effector involving the integration of two RAB groups to orchestrate endosomal trafficking in plant cells. PMID:29749929
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gipson, J.M.; Marshak, R.E.
1984-01-01
The supersymmetric versions of the left-right-symmetric SU/sub C/(4) x SU/sub L/(2) x SU/sub R/(2) Pati-Salam theory and the grand unified SO(10) theory are studied. In the minimal versions of these models the requirement of soft or spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry, together with renormalizibility, leads to an accidental global U(1) symmetry which leads to baryon-number conservation. A necessary condition for this symmetry to be broken is the existence of fields which are antisymmetric in at least two SU/sub C/(4) indices. The introduction of such fields may allow for observable neutron oscillation
Closed flux tubes in D=2+1SU(N) gauge theories: dynamics and effective string description
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Athenodorou, Andreas [Department of Physics, University of Cyprus,POB 20537, 1678 Nicosia (Cyprus); Computation-based Science and Technology Research Center, The Cyprus Institute,20 Kavafi Str., Nicosia 2121 (Cyprus); Teper, Michael [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford,1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)
2016-10-18
We extend our earlier calculations of the spectrum of closed flux tubes in SU(N) gauge theories in 2+1 dimensions, with a focus on questions raised by recent theoretical progress on the effective string action of long flux tubes and the world-sheet action for flux tubes of moderate lengths. Our new calculations in SU(4) and SU(8) provide evidence that the leading O(1/l{sup γ}) non-universal correction to the flux tube ground state energy does indeed have a power γ≥7. We perform a study in SU(2), where we can traverse the length at which the Nambu-Goto ground state becomes tachyonic, to obtain an all-N view of the spectrum. Our comparison of the k=2 flux tube excitation energies in SU(4) and SU(6) suggests that the massive world sheet excitation associated with the k=2 binding has a scale that knows about the group and hence the theory in the bulk, and we comment on the potential implications of world sheet massive modes for the bulk spectrum. We provide a quantitative analysis of the surprising (near-)orthogonality of flux tubes carrying flux in different SU(N) representations, which implies that their screening by gluons is highly suppressed even at small N.
Closed flux tubes in D=2+1SU(N) gauge theories: dynamics and effective string description
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Athenodorou, Andreas; Teper, Michael
2016-01-01
We extend our earlier calculations of the spectrum of closed flux tubes in SU(N) gauge theories in 2+1 dimensions, with a focus on questions raised by recent theoretical progress on the effective string action of long flux tubes and the world-sheet action for flux tubes of moderate lengths. Our new calculations in SU(4) and SU(8) provide evidence that the leading O(1/l"γ) non-universal correction to the flux tube ground state energy does indeed have a power γ≥7. We perform a study in SU(2), where we can traverse the length at which the Nambu-Goto ground state becomes tachyonic, to obtain an all-N view of the spectrum. Our comparison of the k=2 flux tube excitation energies in SU(4) and SU(6) suggests that the massive world sheet excitation associated with the k=2 binding has a scale that knows about the group and hence the theory in the bulk, and we comment on the potential implications of world sheet massive modes for the bulk spectrum. We provide a quantitative analysis of the surprising (near-)orthogonality of flux tubes carrying flux in different SU(N) representations, which implies that their screening by gluons is highly suppressed even at small N.
Topological susceptibility in the SU(3) gauge theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Giusti, Leonardo; Pica, Claudio
2004-01-01
We compute the topological susceptibility for the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory by employing the expression of the topological charge density operator suggested by Neuberger's fermions. In the continuum limit we find r_0^4 chi = 0.059(3), which corresponds to chi=(191 +/- 5 MeV)^4 if F_K is used to set...
Symmetries and groups in particle physics; Symmetrien und Gruppen in der Teilchenphysik
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Scherer, Stefan [Mainz Univ. (Germany)
2016-07-01
The aim of this book consists of a didactic introduction to the group-theoretical considerations and methods, which have led to an ever deeper understanding of the interactions of the elementary particles. The first three chapters deal primarily with the foundations of the representation theory of primarily finite groups, whereby many results are also transferable to compact Lie groups. In the third chapter we discuss the concept of Lie groups and their connection with Lie algebras. In the remaining chapter it is mainly about the application of group theory in physics. Chapter 4 deals with the groups SO(3) and SU(2), which occur in connection with the description of the angular momentum in quantum mechanics. We discuss the Wigner-Eckar theorem together with some applications. In chapter 5 we are employed to the composition properties of strongly interacting systems, so called hadrons, and discuss extensively the transformation properties of quarks with relation to the special unitary groups. The Noether theorem is generally treated in connection to the conservation laws belonging to the Galilei group and the Poincare group. We confine us in chapter 6 to internal symmetries, but explain for that extensively the application to quantum field theory. Especially an outlook on the effect of symmetries in form of so called Ward identities is granted. In chapter 7 we turn towards the gauge principle and discuss first the construction of quantum electrodynamics. In the following we generalize the gauge principle to non-Abelian groups (Yang-Mills theories) and formulate the quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Especially we take a view of ''random'' global symmetries of QCD, especially the chiral symmetry. In chapter 8 we illuminate the phenomenon of spontaneous symmetry breaking both for global and for local symmetries. In the final chapter we work out the group-theoretical structure of the Standard Model. Finally by means of the group SU(5) we take a view to
The SU(∞) twisted gradient flow running coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pérez, Margarita García [Instituto de Física Teórica UAM-CSIC,Nicolás Cabrera 13-15, E-28049-Madrid (Spain); González-Arroyo, Antonio [Instituto de Física Teórica UAM-CSIC,Nicolás Cabrera 13-15, E-28049-Madrid (Spain); Departamento de Física Teórica, C-15, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid,E-28049-Madrid (Spain); Keegan, Liam [PH-TH, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Okawa, Masanori [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University,Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)
2015-01-09
We measure the running of the SU(∞) ’t Hooft coupling by performing a step scaling analysis of the Twisted Eguchi-Kawai (TEK) model, the SU(N) gauge theory on a single site lattice with twisted boundary conditions. The computation relies on the conjecture that finite volume effects for SU(N) gauge theories defined on a 4-dimensional twisted torus are controlled by an effective size parameter l-tilde=l√N, with l the torus period. We set the scale for the running coupling in terms of l-tilde and use the gradient flow to define a renormalized ’t Hooft coupling λ(l-tilde). In the TEK model, this idea allows the determination of the running of the coupling through a step scaling procedure that uses the rank of the group as a size parameter. The continuum renormalized coupling constant is extracted in the zero lattice spacing limit, which in the TEK model corresponds to the large N limit taken at fixed value of λ(l-tilde). The coupling constant is thus expected to coincide with that of the ordinary pure gauge theory at N=∞. The idea is shown to work and permits us to follow the evolution of the coupling over a wide range of scales. At weak coupling we find a remarkable agreement with the perturbative two-loop formula for the running coupling.
On the unitarity of string propagation on SU(1,1)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mohammedi, N.
1989-12-01
We discuss the consistency (unitarity) of string propagation on the non-compact group SU(1,1) x G c and find the restrictions on the level of the Kac-Moody algebra for this propagation to be unitary. We also suggest some modifications to the Virasoro generators and obtain a manifestly unitary string theory. (author). 10 refs
Weak mixing angle and the SU(3)CxSU(3) model on M4xS1/(Z2xZ'2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li Tianjun; Wei Liao
2002-05-01
We show that the desirable weak mixing angle sin 2 θ W =0.2312 at m Z scale can be generated naturally in the SU(3) C xSU(3) model on M 4 xS 1 /(Z 2 x Z 2 ') where the gauge symmetry SU(3) is broken down to SU(2) L xU(1) Y by orbifold projection. For a supersymmetric model with a TeV scale extra dimension, the SU(3) unification scale is about hundreds of TeVs at which the gauge couplings for SU(3) C and SU(3) can also be equal in the mean time. For the non-supersymmetric model, SU(2) L xU(1) Y are unified at order of 10 TeV. These models may serve as good candidates for physics beyond the SM or MSSM. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bauer, M.; Itzykson, C.
1990-01-01
Recent investigations on the classification of rational conformal theories have suggested relations with finite groups. It is not known at present if this is more than a happy coincidence in simple cases or possibly some more profound link exploiting the analogy between fusion rules and decompositions of tensor products of group representations or even in a more abstract context q-deformations of Lie algebras for roots of unity. Although finite group theory is a very elaborate subject the authors review on a slightly non-trivial example some of its numerous aspects, in particular those related to rings of invariants. The hope was to grasp, if possible, some properties which stand a chance of being related to conformal theories. Subgroups of SU(2) were found to be related to the A-D-E classification of Wess-Zumino-Witten models based on the corresponding affine Lie algebra. Extending the investigations to SU(3) the authors have picked one of its classical subgroups as a candidate of interest
Numerical renormalization group studies of the partially brogen SU(3) Kondo model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fuh Chuo, Evaristus
2013-04-01
The two-channel Kondo (2CK) effect with its exotic ground state properties has remained difficult to realize in physical systems. At low energies, a quantum impurity with orbital degree of freedom, like a proton bound in an interstitial lattice space, comprises a 3-level system with a unique ground state and (at least) doubly degenerate rotational excitations with excitation energy Δ 0 . When immersed in a metal, electronic angular momentum scattering induces transitions between any two of these levels (couplings J), while the electron spin is conserved. We show by extensive numerical renormalization group (NRG) calculations that without fi ne-tuning of parameters this system exhibits a 2CK fixed point, due to Kondo correlations in the excited-state doublet whose degeneracy is stabilized by the host lattice parity, while the channel symmetry (electron spin) is guaranteed by time reversal symmetry. We find a pronounced plateau in the entropy at S(T K 0 )=k B ln 2 between the high-T value, S(T>>Δ 0 )=k B ln 3, and the 2CK ground state value, S(0)=k B ln √(2). This indicates a downward renormalization of the doublet below the non-interacting ground state, thus realizing the 2CK fixed point, in agreement with earlier conjectures. We mapped out the phase diagram of the model in the J-Δ 0 plane. The Kondo temperature T K shows non-monotonic J-dependence, characteristic for 2CK systems. Beside the two-channel Kondo effect of the model, we also study the single-channel version, which is realized by applying a strong magnetic fi eld to the conduction band electrons so that their degeneracy is lifted and consequently having only one kind of electrons scattering off the impurity. This single-channel case is easier to analyze since the Hilbert space is not as large as that of the 2CK. We equally find a downward renormalization of the excited state energy by the Kondo correlations in the SU(2) doublet. In a wide range of parameter values this stabilizes the single
TkPl_SU: An Open-source Perl Script Builder for Seismic Unix
Lorenzo, J. M.
2017-12-01
TkPl_SU (beta) is a graphical user interface (GUI) to select parameters for Seismic Unix (SU) modules. Seismic Unix (Stockwell, 1999) is a widely distributed free software package for processing seismic reflection and signal processing. Perl/Tk is a mature, well-documented and free object-oriented graphical user interface for Perl. In a classroom environment, shell scripting of SU modules engages students and helps focus on the theoretical limitations and strengths of signal processing. However, complex interactive processing stages, e.g., selection of optimal stacking velocities, killing bad data traces, or spectral analysis requires advanced flows beyond the scope of introductory classes. In a research setting, special functionality from other free seismic processing software such as SioSeis (UCSD-NSF) can be incorporated readily via an object-oriented style to programming. An object oriented approach is a first step toward efficient extensible programming of multi-step processes, and a simple GUI simplifies parameter selection and decision making. Currently, in TkPl_SU, Perl 5 packages wrap 19 of the most common SU modules that are used in teaching undergraduate and first-year graduate student classes (e.g., filtering, display, velocity analysis and stacking). Perl packages (classes) can advantageously add new functionality around each module and clarify parameter names for easier usage. For example, through the use of methods, packages can isolate the user from repetitive control structures, as well as replace the names of abbreviated parameters with self-describing names. Moose, an extension of the Perl 5 object system, greatly facilitates an object-oriented style. Perl wrappers are self-documenting via Perl programming document markup language.
Micromechanical testing of SU-8 cantilevers
Hopcroft, M; Kramer, T; Kim, G; Takashima, K; Higo, Y; Moore, D; Brugger, J
2005-01-01
SU-8 is a photoplastic polymer with a wide range of possible applications in microtechnology. Cantilevers designed for atomic force microscopes were fabricated in SU-8. The mechanical properties of these cantilevers were investigated using two microscale testing techniques: contact surface profilometer beam deflection and static load deflection at a point on the beam using a specially designed test machine. The SU-8 Young's modulus value from the microscale test methods is approximately 2-3 GPa.
CKM and Tri-bimaximal MNS Matrices in a SU(5) x (d)T Model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen, Mu-Chun; UC, Irvine; Mahanthappa, K.T.
2007-01-01
We propose a model based on SU(5) x (d) T which successfully gives rise to near tri-bimaximal leptonic mixing as well as realistic CKM matrix elements for the quarks. The Georgi-Jarlskog relations for three generations are also obtained. Due to the (d) T transformation property of the matter fields, the b-quark mass can be generated only when the (d) T symmetry is broken, giving a dynamical origin for the hierarchy between m b and m t . There are only nine operators allowed in the Yukawa sector up to at least mass dimension seven due to an additional Z 12 x Z(prime) 12 symmetry, which also forbids, up to some high orders, operators that lead to proton decay. The resulting model has a total of nine parameters in the charged fermion and neutrino sectors, and hence is very predictive. In addition to the prediction for θ 13 ∼θ c /3√2, the model gives rise to a sum rule, tan 2 θ # circle d ot∼#tan 2 θ # circle d ot# ,TBM - 1/2 θ c cosβ, which is a consequence of the Georgi-Jarlskog relations in the quark sector. This deviation could account for the difference between the experimental best fit value for the solar mixing angle and the value predicted by the tri-bimaximal mixing matrix
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Townsend, P.K.; Sierra, G.
1983-01-01
Chiral anomalies for gauge theories in any even dimension are computed and the results applied to supersymmetric theories in D=6, 8 and 10. For D=8 there is an anomalous chiral U(1) invariance, just as in D=4, except for certain special groups. For D=6 and D=10 there is no anomalous chiral U(1) symmetry, but the gauge current is anomalous except for certain ''anomaly-free'' groups. For D=6 the group is thereby constrained to be one of [SU(2), SU(3), exceptional], while for D=10 it is constrained to be one of [SU(n)n 8 ]. (orig.)
Non-Commutative Integration, Zeta Functions and the Haar State for SU{sub q}(2)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matassa, Marco, E-mail: marco.matassa@gmail.com [SISSA (Italy)
2015-12-15
We study a notion of non-commutative integration, in the spirit of modular spectral triples, for the quantum group SU{sub q}(2). In particular we define the non-commutative integral as the residue at the spectral dimension of a zeta function, which is constructed using a Dirac operator and a weight. We consider the Dirac operator introduced by Kaad and Senior and a family of weights depending on two parameters, which are related to the diagonal automorphisms of SU{sub q}(2). We show that, after fixing one of the parameters, the non-commutative integral coincides with the Haar state of SU{sub q}(2). Moreover we can impose an additional condition on the zeta function, which also fixes the second parameter. For this unique choice the spectral dimension coincides with the classical dimension.
MWP phase shifters integrated in PbS-SU8 waveguides.
Hervás, Javier; Suárez, Isaac; Pérez, Joaquín; Cantó, Pedro J Rodríguez; Abargues, Rafael; Martínez-Pastor, Juan P; Sales, Salvador; Capmany, José
2015-06-01
We present new kind of microwave phase shifters (MPS) based on dispersion of PbS colloidal quantum dots (QDs) in commercially available photoresist SU8 after a ligand exchange process. Ridge PbS-SU8 waveguides are implemented by integration of the nanocomposite in a silicon platform. When these waveguides are pumped at wavelengths below the band-gap of the PbS QDs, a phase shift in an optically conveyed (at 1550 nm) microwave signal is produced. The strong light confinement produced in the ridge waveguides allows an improvement of the phase shift as compared to the case of planar structures. Moreover, a novel ridge bilayer waveguide composed by a PbS-SU8 nanocomposite and a SU8 passive layer is proposed to decrease the propagation losses of the pump beam and in consequence to improve the microwave phase shift up to 36.5° at 25 GHz. Experimental results are reproduced by a theoretical model based on the slow light effect produced in a semiconductor waveguide due to the coherent population oscillations. The resulting device shows potential benefits respect to the current MPS technologies since it allows a fast tunability of the phase shift and a high level of integration due to its small size.
40 CFR 76.5 - NOX emission limitations for Group 1 boilers.
2010-07-01
... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false NOX emission limitations for Group 1 boilers. 76.5 Section 76.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.5 NOX emission limitations...
O(5) x U(1) electroweak theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mukku, C.; Sayed, W.A.
1981-01-01
An anomaly-free O(5) x U(1) theory of electroweak interactions is described which provides a unified description of electroweak phenomena for two families of standard leptons and quarks. No ''new'' nonsequential-type fermions are introduced, unlike the case for all past studies based on this group. The present scheme requires the introduction of two further charged and three more neutral gauge fields over and above those of SU(2) x U(1) giving rise to new neutral and charged currents
An SU(2) x SU(2) symmetric Higgs-Fermion model with staggered fermions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berlin, J.; Heller, U.M.
1991-01-01
We have simulated on SU(2)xSU(2) symmetric Higgs-Fermion model with a four component scalar field coupled with a Yukawa type coupling to two flavours of staggered fermions. The results show two qualitatively different behaviours in the broken phase. One for weak coupling where the fermion masses obey the perturbative tree level relation M F =y , and one for strong coupling where the behaviour agrees with a 1/d expansion. (orig.)
Controllability of pure states for the Poeschl-Teller potential with a dynamical group SU(2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dong, S.-H.; Tang Yu; Sun, G.-H.; Lara-Rosano, F.; Lozada-Cassou, M.
2005-01-01
The controllability of a quantum system for the modified Poeschl-Teller (MPT) potential with the discrete bound states is investigated. The creation and annihilation operators of this potential are constructed directly from the normalized wave function with the factorization method and associated to an su(2) algebra. It is shown that this quantum system with the nondegenerate discrete bound states can, in principle, be strongly completely controllable, i.e., the system eigenstates can be guided by the external field to approach arbitrarily close to a target state, which could be theoretically realized by the actions of the creation and annihilation operators on the ground state
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Govil, Karan; Gunaydin, Murat
2013-01-01
Quantization of the geometric quasiconformal realizations of noncompact groups and supergroups leads directly to their minimal unitary representations (minreps). Using quasiconformal methods massless unitary supermultiplets of superconformal groups SU(2,2|N) and OSp(8 ⁎ |2n) in four and six dimensions were constructed as minreps and their U(1) and SU(2) deformations, respectively. In this paper we extend these results to SU(2) deformations of the minrep of N=4 superconformal algebra D(2,1;λ) in one dimension. We find that SU(2) deformations can be achieved using n pair of bosons and m pairs of fermions simultaneously. The generators of deformed minimal representations of D(2,1;λ) commute with the generators of a dual superalgebra OSp(2n ⁎ |2m) realized in terms of these bosons and fermions. We show that there exists a precise mapping between symmetry generators of N=4 superconformal models in harmonic superspace studied recently and minimal unitary supermultiplets of D(2,1;λ) deformed by a pair of bosons. This can be understood as a particular case of a general mapping between the spectra of quantum mechanical quaternionic Kähler sigma models with eight super symmetries and minreps of their isometry groups that descends from the precise mapping established between the 4d, N=2 sigma models coupled to supergravity and minreps of their isometry groups.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Antonio de Cabo de la Vega
2012-06-01
Full Text Available En el presente artículo se abordan la cuestión teórica del papel de la democracia representativa en las constituciones de los Estados capitalistas y algunos debates en torno a su definición y calidad que han tratado de orientar su comprensión y funcionamiento efectivos.
Confinement in F4 Exceptional Gauge Group Using Domain Structures
Rafibakhsh, Shahnoosh; Shahlaei, Amir
2017-03-01
We calculate the potential between static quarks in the fundamental representation of the F4 exceptional gauge group using domain structures of the thick center vortex model. As non-trivial center elements are absent, the asymptotic string tension is lost while an intermediate linear potential is observed. SU(2) is a subgroup of F4. Investigating the decomposition of the 26 dimensional representation of F4 to the SU(2) representations, might explain what accounts for the intermediate linear potential, in the exceptional groups with no center element.
Geometrical Lagrangian for a Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory on the Group Manifold
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Borges, M. F.
2002-01-01
Perhaps one of the main features of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity is that spacetime is not flat itself but curved. Nowadays, however, many of the unifying theories like superstrings on even alternative gravity theories such as teleparalell geometric theories assume flat spacetime for their calculations. This article, an extended account of an earlier author's contribution, it is assumed a curved group manifold as a geometrical background from which a Lagrangian for a supersymmetric N=2, d=5 Yang-Mills - SYM, N=2, d=5 - is built up. The spacetime is a hypersurface embedded in this geometrical scenario, and the geometrical action here obtained can be readily coupled to the five-dimensional supergravity action. The essential idea that underlies this work has its roots in the Einstein-Cartan formulation of gravity and in the 'group manifold approach to gravity and supergravity theories'. The group SYM, N=2, d=5, turns out to be the direct product of supergravity and a general gauge group G:G=GxSU(2,2/1)-bar
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kanno, Shoichi; Matsuo, Yutaka; Shiba, Shotaro
2010-01-01
We give some evidences of the Alday-Gaiotto-Tachikawa-Wyllard relation between SU(3) quiver gauge theories and A 2 Toda theory. In particular, we derive the explicit form of 5-point correlation functions in the lower orders and confirm the agreement with Nekrasov's partition function for SU(3)xSU(3) quiver gauge theory. The algorithm to derive the correlation functions can be applied to a general n-point function in A 2 Toda theory, which will be useful to establish the relation for more generic quivers. Partial analysis is also given for the SU(3)xSU(2) case, and we comment on some technical issues that need clarification before establishing the relation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bovier, A.; Lueling, M.; Wyler, D.
1980-12-01
We present a new class of finite subgroups of SU(3) of the form Zsub(m) s zsub(n) (semidirect product). We also apply the methods used to investigate semidirect products to the known SU(3) subgroups Δ(3n 2 ) and Δ(6n 2 ) and give analytic formulae for representations (characters) and Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. (orig.)
SU(6) symmetry and the quark forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bartnik, E.A.; Namyslowski, J.M.
1984-01-01
The short distance forces between 3 valence quarks in the proton are investigated in perturbative QCD formulated on the light cone. These forces are the driving terms in the Brodsky-Lepage type evolution equation for the partially decomposed distribution amplitudes. The one-gluon exchange force, which is the lowest order force in the running coupling constant αsub(s) retains the SU(6) symmetry, while the αsub(s) 2 -order force, corresponding to one Coulomb gluon and one transverse gluon, breaks the SU(6) symmetry. The latter force contributes to the deviation from 1/2 of the d/u ratio for the proton, observed experimentally. In the kinematical domain of one fast quark, the αsub(s) 2 -order force gives the leading (1-x) 3 behaviour of the deep inelastic structure function F 2 (x), in contrast to the αsub(s)-order force, which gives (1-x) 5 , for xapprox.=1. (orig.)
Independent SU(2)-loop variables and the reduced configuration space of SU(2)-lattice gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Loll, R.
1992-01-01
We give a reduction procedure for SU(2)-trace variables and an explicit description of the reduced configuration sace of pure SU(2)-gauge theory on the hypercubic lattices in two, three and four dimensions, using an independent subset of the gauge-invariant Wilson loops. (orig.)
Functionalization of SU-8 photoresist surfaces with IgG proteins
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blagoi, Gabriela; Keller, Stephan; Johansson, Alicia; Boisen, Anja; Dufva, Martin
2008-01-01
The negative epoxy-based photoresist SU-8 has a variety of applications within microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and lab-on-a-chip systems. Here, several methods to functionalize SU-8 surfaces with IgG proteins were investigated. Fluorescent labeled proteins and fluorescent sandwich immunoassays were employed to characterize the binding efficiency of model proteins to bare SU-8 surface, SU-8 treated with cerium ammonium nitrate (CAN) etchant and CAN treated surfaces modified by aminosilanization. The highest binding capacity of antibodies was observed on bare SU-8. This explains why bare SU-8 in a functional fluorescent sandwich immunoassay detecting C-reactive protein (CRP) gave twice as high signal as compared with the other two surfaces. Immunoassays performed on bare SU-8 and CAN treated SU-8 resulted in detection limits of CRP of 30 and 80 ng/ml respectively which is sufficient for detecting CRP in clinical samples, where concentrations of 3-10 μg/ml are normal for healthy individuals. In conclusion, bare SU-8 and etched SU-8 can be modified with antibodies by a simple adsorption procedure which simplifies building lab-on-a-chip systems in SU-8. Additionally, we report the fabrication process and use of microwells created in a SU-8 layer with the same dimensions as a standard microscope glass slide that could fit into fluorescent scanners. The SU-8 microwells minimize the reagent consumption and are straightforward to handle compared to SU-8 coated microscope slides
Novel method for chemical modification and patterning of the SU-8 photoresist
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Blagoi, Gabriela; Keller, Stephan Urs; Boisen, Anja
2007-01-01
the wetting behaviour of SU-8. The resolution limit of the AQ photopatterning method was 20 μm when using an uncollimated light source. AQ modification followed by a reaction with amino groups of Alexa-647 cadaverine and a Biotin-amino derivative proved possible modification and patterning of polymeric...
SU (2) with fundamental fermions and scalars
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Martin; Janowski, Tadeusz; Pica, Claudio
2018-01-01
We present preliminary results on the lattice simulation of an SU(2) gauge theory with two fermion flavors and one strongly interacting scalar field, all in the fundamental representation of SU(2). The motivation for this study comes from the recent proposal of "fundamental" partial compositeness...... the properties of light meson resonances previously obtained for the SU(2) model. Preprint: CP3-Origins-2017-047 DNRF90...
Finite-size effect of η-deformed AdS5×S5 at strong coupling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Changrim Ahn
2017-04-01
Full Text Available We compute Lüscher corrections for a giant magnon in the η-deformed (AdS5×S5η using the su(2|2q-invariant S-matrix at strong coupling and compare with the finite-size effect of the corresponding string state, derived previously. We find that these two results match and confirm that the su(2|2q-invariant S-matrix is describing world-sheet excitations of the η-deformed background.
A computational note on finite groups with two generators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Saeed-ul-Islam, M.
1983-12-01
Finite groups with two independent generators attracted the attention of mathematicians during 1940-1959. These groups are subgroups of SU(n) and an interest is now being shown in these groups by particle physicists. In this note we give a brief history of these groups and announce some of the computations done by using a computer. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Orlandi, Paolo; Biagioni, Cristian; Pasero, Marco; Merlino, Stefano; Demartin, Francesco; Campostrini, Italo
2015-01-01
Mambertiite, BiMo"5"+_2_._8_0O_8(OH), is a new mineral identified in small vugs of quartz veins from Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy. It occurs as pale yellow {001} tabular crystals, up to 1 mm in length and few μm thick, with adamantine lustre. Mambertiite is brittle, with a conchoidal fracture. It is associated with ferrimolybdite, muscovite, quartz, sardignaite, and wulfenite. Electron microprobe data (wt% - mean of 12 spot analyses) are: Mo_2O_5 59.59, Bi_2O_3 36.96, WO_3 2.03, H_2O_c_a_l_c 1.48, sum 100.06. On the basis of 9 O atoms per formula unit, the empirical formula is Bi_0_._9_9(Mo"5"+_2_._7_4W_0_._0_5)_Σ_2_._7_9O_7_._9_7(OH)_1_._0_3. Infrared spectra showed absorption bands consistent with the occurrence of OH- groups. Mambertiite is triclinic, space group P1, with a = 5.854(2), b = 9.050(3), c = 7.637(3) Aa, α = 112.85(1), β = 102.58(1), γ = 90.04(1) , V = 362.3(2) Aa"3, Z = 2. The crystal structure of mambertiite was solved and refined down to R_1 = 0.050 on the basis of 2019 observed [F_o>4σ(F_o)] reflections. It is composed by eight-fold coordinated Bi-centred polyhedra and five independent Mo-centred octahedra. Among the latter, two are completely occupied by molybdenum, whereas the remaining three are only partially occupied. Two kinds of (10 anti 1) layers occur in mambertiite, alternating along [10 anti 1]*: one is composed by Bi-centered polyhedra and the two partially occupied Mo_4 and Mo_5 sites, whereas the other is composed by the zigzag chains, running along c, formed by the fully occupied Mo_1 and Mo_2 sites, and the partially occupied Mo_3 site. Mambertiite is structurally related to gelosaite, BiMo"6"+_2O_7(OH) . H_2O; their relationships can be conveniently described through the OD theory. Mambertiite is the fourth known mineral with Bi and Mo as essential components. Its name honours the Italian mineral collector Marzio Mamberti (b. 1959) for his contribution to the knowledge of the Sardinian mineralogy. The
El genio maligno de Suárez: Suárez y Descartes
Baciero Ruiz, Francisco Tadeo
2007-01-01
[ES] Tradicionalmente se ha considerado la filosofía cartesiana como un comienzo casi absoluto en la historia de la Filosofía. Sin embargo, las conocidas hipótesis del “genio maligno” y del “Dios engañador”, parte fundamental del artificio de la “duda metódica” en las Meditaciones metafísicas, se encuentran en la Disputación metafísica 9 de Suárez (la única mención de Suárez en todo Descartes, precisamente en las “Respuestas” a las Meditaciones). Parece claro, a partir de la correspondencia d...
Plasma suPAR is lowered by smoking cessation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Eugen-Olsen, Jesper; Ladelund, Steen; Sørensen, Lars Tue
2016-01-01
BACKGROUND: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a stable inflammatory biomarker. In patients, suPAR is a marker of disease presence, severity and prognosis. In the general population, suPAR is predictive of disease development, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease a...
The spin-orbit interaction and SU(3) generators in superdeformation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sugawara-Tanabe, K [School of Social Information, Otsuma Women` s University, Tokyo (Japan); Arima, A [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics
1992-08-01
The authors found that the effect of spin-orbit coupling becomes smaller for the parity doublet level and for some other levels around superdeformation. This is because of the strongly deformed quadrupole field, which indicates the L-S coupling scheme is recovered for these levels. These levels can be described by an SU-3 group with eight generators and a Casimir operator. 6 refs., 3 figs.
Numerical renormalization group studies of the partially brogen SU(3) Kondo model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fuh Chuo, Evaristus
2013-04-15
The two-channel Kondo (2CK) effect with its exotic ground state properties has remained difficult to realize in physical systems. At low energies, a quantum impurity with orbital degree of freedom, like a proton bound in an interstitial lattice space, comprises a 3-level system with a unique ground state and (at least) doubly degenerate rotational excitations with excitation energy {Delta}{sub 0}. When immersed in a metal, electronic angular momentum scattering induces transitions between any two of these levels (couplings J), while the electron spin is conserved. We show by extensive numerical renormalization group (NRG) calculations that without fi ne-tuning of parameters this system exhibits a 2CK fixed point, due to Kondo correlations in the excited-state doublet whose degeneracy is stabilized by the host lattice parity, while the channel symmetry (electron spin) is guaranteed by time reversal symmetry. We find a pronounced plateau in the entropy at S(T{sub K}
Greenlee, Heather; Gaffney, Ann Ogden; Aycinena, A Corina; Koch, Pam; Contento, Isobel; Karmally, Wahida; Richardson, John M; Lim, Emerson; Tsai, Wei-Yann; Crew, Katherine; Maurer, Matthew; Kalinsky, Kevin; Hershman, Dawn L
2015-05-01
There is a need for culturally relevant nutrition programs targeted to underserved cancer survivors. Our aim was to examine the effect of a culturally based approach to dietary change on increasing fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake and decreasing fat intake among Hispanic breast cancer survivors. Participants were randomized to Intervention and Control groups. Diet recalls, detailed interviews, fasting blood, and anthropometric measures were collected at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Hispanic women (n=70) with stage 0 to III breast cancer who completed adjuvant treatment and lived in New York City were randomized between April 2011 and March 2012. The Intervention group (n=34) participated in ¡Cocinar Para Su Salud!, a culturally based nine-session (24 hours over 12 weeks) intervention including nutrition education, cooking classes, and food-shopping field trips. The Control group (n=36) received written dietary recommendations for breast cancer survivors. Change at 6 months in daily F/V servings and percent calories from total fat were the main outcome measures. Linear regression models adjusted for stratification factors and estimated marginal means were used to compare changes in diet from baseline to 3 and 6 months. Baseline characteristics were the following: mean age 56.6 years (standard deviation 9.7 years), mean time since diagnosis 3.4 years (standard deviation 2.7 years), mean body mass index (calculated as kg/m²) 30.9 (standard deviation 6.0), 62.9% with annual household income ≤$15,000, mean daily servings of all F/V was 5.3 (targeted F/V 3.7 servings excluding legumes/juices/starchy vegetables/fried foods), and 27.7% of daily calories from fat. More than 60% in the Intervention group attended seven or more of nine classes, with overall study retention of 87% retention at 6 months. At month 6, the Intervention group compared with Control group reported an increase in mean servings of F/V from baseline (all F/V: +2.0 vs -0.1; P=0.005; targeted F/V: +2
Fabrication of SU-8 low frequency electrostatic energy harvester
Ramadan, Khaled S.; Foulds, Ian G.
2011-01-01
A 1500μm × 1500μm × 150μm out-of-plane, gap closing, electrostatic energy harvester is designed and fabricated to harvest low-frequency ambient vibrations. SU-8 is used to fabricate the proof mass (1200μm × 1200μm × 150μm) and the 5 m springs
SU(6) quadrupole phonon model for even and odd nuclei and the SU(3) limit
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paar, V; Brant, S [Zagreb Univ. (Yugoslavia). Prirodoslovno Matematicki Fakultet; Canto, L F [Rio de Janeiro Univ. (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica; Leander, G [Lund Inst. of Tech. (Sweden). Dept. of Mathematical Physics; Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Vouk, M [Zagreb Univ. (Yugoslavia). Computing Centre SRCE
1982-04-05
Analogous to the equivalence between the SU(6) quadrupole-phonon model (TQM) and the interacting boson model (IBM), the equivalence is pointed out for odd systems between the SU(6) particle quadrupole-phonon coupling model (PTQM) and the interacting boson-fermion model (IBFM). PTQM is formulated starting from the Dyson representation for the odd system. Different aspects of the SU(3) limit of TQM and PTQM are studied; the quadrupole-phonon block structure of rotational bands in even and odd nuclei and analytic expressions based on the coherent state; signature effects generated in PTQM; electromagnetic properties and correction factors for PTQM; overlaps of the PTQM analogs of Nilsson states with Coriolis-coupled Nilsson states and the relation to the rotational model representation.
SU-F-T-244: Radiotherapy Risk Estimation Based On Expert Group Survey
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Koo, J; Yoon, M; Chung, W; Chung, M; Kim, D
2016-01-01
Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of RPN (Risk Priority Number) decided by expert group and to provide preliminary data for adapting FMEA in Korea. Methods: 1163 Incidents reported in ROSIS for 11 years were used as a real data to be compared with, and were categorized into 146 items. The questionnaire was composed of the 146 items and respondents had to valuate ‘occurrence (O)’, ‘severity (S)’, ‘detectability (D)’ of each item on a scale from 1 to 10 according to the proposed AAPM TG-100 rating scales. 19 medical physicists from 19 different organizations in Korea had participated in the survey. Because the number of ROSIS items was not evenly spread enough to be classified into 10 grades, 1–5 scale was chosen instead of 1–10 and survey result was also fit to 5 grades to compare. Results: The average O,S,D were 1.77, 3.50, 2.13, respectively and the item which had the highest RPN(32) was ‘patient movement during treatment’ in the survey. When comparing items ranked in the top 10 of each survey(O) and ROSIS database, two items were duplicated and ‘Simulation’ and ’Treatment’ were the most frequently ranked RT process in top 10 of survey and ROSIS each. The Chronbach α of each RT process were ranged from 0.74 to 0.99 and p-value was <0.001. When comparing O*D, the average difference was 1.4. Conclusion: This work indicates the deviation between actual risk and expectation. Considering that the respondents were Korean and ROSIS is mainly composed of incidents happened in European countries and some of the top 10 items of ROSIS cannot be applied in radiotherapy procedure in Korea, the deviation could have been came from procedural difference. Moreover, if expert group was consisted of experts from various parts, expectation might have been more accurate. Therefore, further research on radiotherapy risk estimation is needed.
SU-F-T-244: Radiotherapy Risk Estimation Based On Expert Group Survey
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Koo, J; Yoon, M [Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chung, W; Chung, M; Kim, D [Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Gangdong-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2016-06-15
Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of RPN (Risk Priority Number) decided by expert group and to provide preliminary data for adapting FMEA in Korea. Methods: 1163 Incidents reported in ROSIS for 11 years were used as a real data to be compared with, and were categorized into 146 items. The questionnaire was composed of the 146 items and respondents had to valuate ‘occurrence (O)’, ‘severity (S)’, ‘detectability (D)’ of each item on a scale from 1 to 10 according to the proposed AAPM TG-100 rating scales. 19 medical physicists from 19 different organizations in Korea had participated in the survey. Because the number of ROSIS items was not evenly spread enough to be classified into 10 grades, 1–5 scale was chosen instead of 1–10 and survey result was also fit to 5 grades to compare. Results: The average O,S,D were 1.77, 3.50, 2.13, respectively and the item which had the highest RPN(32) was ‘patient movement during treatment’ in the survey. When comparing items ranked in the top 10 of each survey(O) and ROSIS database, two items were duplicated and ‘Simulation’ and ’Treatment’ were the most frequently ranked RT process in top 10 of survey and ROSIS each. The Chronbach α of each RT process were ranged from 0.74 to 0.99 and p-value was <0.001. When comparing O*D, the average difference was 1.4. Conclusion: This work indicates the deviation between actual risk and expectation. Considering that the respondents were Korean and ROSIS is mainly composed of incidents happened in European countries and some of the top 10 items of ROSIS cannot be applied in radiotherapy procedure in Korea, the deviation could have been came from procedural difference. Moreover, if expert group was consisted of experts from various parts, expectation might have been more accurate. Therefore, further research on radiotherapy risk estimation is needed.
SU(3) techniques for angular momentum projected matrix elements in multi-cluster problems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hecht, K.T.; Zahn, W.
1978-01-01
In the theory of integral transforms for the evaluation of the resonating group kernels needed for cluster model calculations, the evaluation of matrix elements in an angular momentum coupled basis has proved to be difficult for cluster problems involving more than two fragments. For multi-cluster wave functions SU(3) coupling and recoupling techniques can furnish a tool for the practical evaluation matrix elements in an angular momentum coupled basis if the several relative motion harmonic oscillator functions in Bargmann space have simple SU(3) coupling properties. The method is illustrated by a three-cluster problem, such as 12 C = α + α + α, involving three 1 S clusters. 2 references
Multi-Group Covariance Data Generation from Continuous-Energy Monte Carlo Transport Calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Dong Hyuk; Shim, Hyung Jin
2015-01-01
The sensitivity and uncertainty (S/U) methodology in deterministic tools has been utilized for quantifying uncertainties of nuclear design parameters induced by those of nuclear data. The S/U analyses which are based on multi-group cross sections can be conducted by an simple error propagation formula with the sensitivities of nuclear design parameters to multi-group cross sections and the covariance of multi-group cross section. The multi-group covariance data required for S/U analysis have been produced by nuclear data processing codes such as ERRORJ or PUFF from the covariance data in evaluated nuclear data files. However in the existing nuclear data processing codes, an asymptotic neutron flux energy spectrum, not the exact one, has been applied to the multi-group covariance generation since the flux spectrum is unknown before the neutron transport calculation. It can cause an inconsistency between the sensitivity profiles and the covariance data of multi-group cross section especially in resolved resonance energy region, because the sensitivities we usually use are resonance self-shielded while the multi-group cross sections produced from an asymptotic flux spectrum are infinitely-diluted. In order to calculate the multi-group covariance estimation in the ongoing MC simulation, mathematical derivations for converting the double integration equation into a single one by utilizing sampling method have been introduced along with the procedure of multi-group covariance tally
A human repair gene ERCC5 is involved in group G xeroderma pigmentosum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shiomi, Tadahiro
1994-01-01
In E. coli, ultraviolet-induced DNA damage is removed by the coordinated action of UVR A, B, C, and D proteins (1). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, more than ten genes have been reported to be involved in excision repair (2). The nucleotide excision repair pathway has been extensively studied in these organisms. To facilitate studying nucleotide excision repair in mammalian cells. Ultraviolet-sensitive rodent cell mutants have been isolated and classified into 11 complementation groups (9,10). The human nucleotide excision repair genes which complement the defects of the mutants have been designated as the ERCC (excision repair cross-complementing) genes; a number is added to refer to the particular rodent complementation group that is corrected by the gene. Recently, several human DNA repair genes have been cloned using rodent cell lines sensitive to ultraviolet. These include ERCC2 (3), ERCC3 (4), and ERCC6 (5), which correspond to the defective genes in the ultraviolet-sensitive human disorders xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) group D (6) and group B (4), and Cockayne's syndrome (CS) group B (7), respectively. The human excision repair gene ERCC5 was cloned after DNA-mediated gene transfer of human HeLa cell genomic DNA into the ultraviolet-sensitive mouse mutant XL216, a member of rodent complementation group 5 (11,12) and the gene was mapped on human chromosome 13q32.3-q33.1 by the replication R-banding fluorescence in situ hybridization method (13). The ERCC5 cDNA encodes a predicted 133 kDa nuclear protein that shares some homology with product of the yeast DNA repair gene RAD 2. Transfection with mouse ERCC5 cDNA restored normal levels of ultraviolet-resistance to XL216 cells. Microinjection of ERCC5 cDNA specifically restored the defect of XP group G cells (XP-G) as measured by unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS), and XP-G cells stably transformed with ERCC5 cDNA showed nearly normal ultraviolet resistance. (J.P.N.)
Intoxicação em suínos pela ingestão de sementes de Aeschynomene indica (Leg.Papilionoideae)
Oliveira,Fabiano N.; Rech,Raquel R.; Rissi,Daniel R.; Barros,Ricardo R.; Barros,Claudio S.L.
2005-01-01
Relata-se um surto espontâneo de intoxicação em suínos pela ingestão de sementes de Aeschynomene indica e a reprodução da doença nessa espécie animal. O surto espontâneo ocorreu numa propriedade de criação de suínos localizada na região central do Rio Grande do Sul. Nessa propriedade havia 100 suínos (20 matrizes e 80 suínos jovens de várias categorias). Os suínos eram alimentados com uma ração feita na propriedade pela mistura de 50% farelo de milho, 25% de farelo de soja, 5% de um suplement...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yadav, Vikas; Sil, Karunava; Misra, Aalok
2017-01-01
Meson spectroscopy at finite gauge coupling - whereat any perturbative QCD computation would break down - and finite number of colors, from a top-down holographic string model, has thus far been entirely missing in the literature. This paper fills this gap. Using the delocalized type IIA SYZ mirror (with SU(3) structure) of the holographic type IIB dual of large-N thermal QCD of Mia et al. (Nucl Phys B 839:187. arXiv:0902.1540 [hep-th], 2010) as constructed in Dhuria and Misra (JHEP 1311:001. arXiv:1306.4339 [hep-th], 2013) at finite coupling and number of colors (N c = number of D5(D5)-branes wrapping a vanishing two-cycle in the top-down holographic construct of Mia et al. (Nucl Phys B 839:187. arXiv:0902.1540 [hep-th], 2010) = O(1) in the IR in the MQGP limit of Dhuria and Misra (JHEP 1311:001. arXiv:1306.4339 [hep-th], 2013) at the end of a Seiberg-duality cascade), we obtain analytical (not just numerical) expressions for the vector and scalar meson spectra and compare our results with previous calculations of Sakai and Sugimoto (Prog Theor Phys 113:843. doi:10.1143/PTP.113.843 arXiv:hep-th/0412141, 2005) and Dasgupta et al. (JHEP 1507:122. doi:10.1007/JHEP07(2015)122 arXiv:1409.0559 [hep-th], 2015), and we obtain a closer match with the Particle Data Group (PDG) results of Olive et al. (Particle Data Group) (Chin Phys C 38:090001, 2014). Through explicit computations, we verify that the vector and scalar meson spectra obtained by the gravity dual with a black hole for all temperatures (small and large) are nearly isospectral with the spectra obtained by a thermal gravity dual valid for only low temperatures; the isospectrality is much closer for vector mesons than scalar mesons. The black-hole gravity dual (with a horizon radius smaller than the deconfinement scale) also provides the expected large-N suppressed decrease in vector meson mass with increase of temperature. (orig.)
Unitary gauge calculation of K0/sub L/ → μ+μ- in the Weinberg SU(2)'/sub L/ x U(1) gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Olenick, R.P.
1979-01-01
The rare weak decay K 0 /sub L/ → μ + μ - is calculated in the unitary gauge of the Weinberg SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1) model of weak and electromagnetic interactions. A historical development of gauge theories is presented first; this indicates the need for extension of the hadron symmetry group to SU(4). The GIM mechanism, which extends this group by introducing the charmed quark, is incorporated into Weinberg theory. Explicit calculations of the fourth-order Feynman diagrams representing W + W - , Z 0 , γ, and Higgs scalar intermediate states are performed. Through the technique of dimensional regularization the divergent amplitudes are evaluated, and the calculation is shown to be renormalizable by counterterms generated from the original Lagrangian. The Higgs scalar contribution to the effective Lagrangian is found to be greatly suppressed compared to the W + W - and Z 0 contributions, which are used to estimate the charmed quark mass. Analysis reveals that a charmed quark mass less than or equal to 5 GeV will suppress the decay rate to the experimentally observed value. Concluding remarks are made
Estado Vital de la Materia. Su origen, su evolución y su futuro.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Hernando Ordoñez
2001-04-01
Full Text Available
En este artlculo se hacen algunas observaciones sobre un estado de la materia (estado vital, propuesto para reemplazar el de materia viva, que se usa habitualmente.
La materia en estado vital se organiza por una fuerza interna, que podríamos calificar como inteligente, que hace que los átomos se orienten y se organicen con determinada finalidad para fabricar células, para modelar órganos y, éstos, para culminar su obra integrándose con la armonía más admirable, para constituirse en organismos ya sea vegetales o animales.
Los planetas no tienen materia en estado vital; son masas que giran y giran, aparentemente sin finalidad conocida. En cambio, en nuestro planeta una buena parte de su masa adquirió vida, lo que llamamos biomasa, que abarca todos los organismos vivos, tanto vegetales como animales, en una proporción tal que si se pudiera calcular su peso nos daría cifras astronómicas.
Sobre el futuro de nuestro sol los científicos predicen que en los próximos 1.100 millones de años aumentará su luminosidad en un 10%. Esto sobre calentará a la Tierra como consecuencia de un severo efecto de invernadero. El agua de los mares y océanos hervirá y la vida en el planeta se extinguirá.
El universo está constituido por energía y materia, que pueden transformarse la una en la otra. La energía se presenta en varias fases, entre ellas, en la energía eléctrica, la luz y el calor, cuya naturaleza íntima nos es tan desconocida. La materia también está en varios estados: sólido, líquido, gaseoso, iónico, molecular y coloidal.
En el presente estudio intento hacer algunas observaciones sobre otro estado de la materia, que he denominado estado vital, nombre que propongo para reemplazar el de materia viva, que se usa habitualmente. Par hacerlo me baso en una consideración elemental: los átomos que integran la biomasa terrestre son los mismos que constituyen la materia inerte, no están vivos. En
O(5) x U(1) electroweak theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mukku, C.; Sayed, W.A.
1980-12-01
An anomaly free O(5) x U(1) theory of electroweak interactions is described which provides a unified description of electroweak phenomena for two families of standard leptons and quarks. No ''new'' non-sequential type fermions of the standard model are introduced as has been the case for all past studies based on this group. The present scheme requires the introduction of two further charged and three more neutral gauge fields over and above the Wsup(+-), Z and photon fields of SU(2) x U(1) giving rise to new neutral and charged currents. In this note we outline our reasons for proposing the present electroweak scheme, give the basic structure of the model, discuss the symmetry breaking pattern which ensures that SU(2)sub(L) x U(1) is the low energy symmetry, point out the new interactions present in the extended framework and obtain limits on the masses of all the gauge fields. (author)
Functionalization of SU-8 Photoresist Surfaces with IgG Proteins
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Blagoi, Gabriela; Keller, Stephan Urs; Johansson, Alicia
2008-01-01
immunoassays were employed to characterize the binding efficiency of model proteins to bare SU-8 surface, SU-8 treated with cerium ammonium nitrate (CAN) etchant and CAN treated surfaces modified by aminosilanization. The highest binding capacity of antibodies was observed on bare SU-8. This explains why bare...... SU-8 in a functional fluorescent sandwich immunoassay detecting C-reactive protein (CRP) gave twice as high signal as compared with the other two surfaces. Immunoassays performed on bare SU-8 and CAN treated SU-8 resulted in detection limits of CRP of 30 and 80 ng/ml respectively which is sufficient...... for detecting CRP in clinical samples, where concentrations of 3–10 μg/ml are normal for healthy individuals. In conclusion, bare SU-8 and etched SU-8 can be modified with antibodies by a simple adsorption procedure which simplifies building lab-on-a-chip systems in SU-8. Additionally, we report the fabrication...
In situ SU-8 silver nanocomposites
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Søren V. Fischer
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Nanocomposite materials containing metal nanoparticles are of considerable interest in photonics and optoelectronics applications. However, device fabrication of such materials always encounters the challenge of incorporation of preformed nanoparticles into photoresist materials. As a solution to this problem, an easy new method of fabricating silver nanocomposites by an in situ reduction of precursors within the epoxy-based photoresist SU-8 has been developed. AgNO3 dissolved in acetonitrile and mixed with the epoxy-based photoresist SU-8 forms silver nanoparticles primarily during the pre- and post-exposure soft bake steps at 95 °C. A further high-temperature treatment at 300 °C resulted in the formation of densely homogeneously distributed silver nanoparticles in the photoresist matrix. No particle growth or agglomeration of nanoparticles is observed at this point. The reported new in situ silver nanocomposite materials can be spin coated as homogeneous thin films and structured by using UV lithography. A resolution of 5 µm is achieved in the lithographic process. The UV exposure time is found to be independent of the nanoparticle concentration. The fabricated silver nanocomposites exhibit high plasmonic responses suitable for the development of new optoelectronic and optical sensing devices.
Summary Report of Working Group 5: Beam and Radiation Generation, Monitoring, and Control
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Church, Mike; Kim, Kiyong
2010-01-01
This paper summarizes the activities and presentations of Working Group 5 of the Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop held at Annapolis, Maryland in June 2010. Working Group 5 touched on a broad range of topics in the fields of beam and radiation generation and their monitoring and control. These topics were not comprehensively covered in this Workshop, but rather the Working Group concentrated on specific new developments and recent investigations. The Working Group divided its sessions into four broad categories: cathodes and electron guns, radiation generation, beam diagnostics, and beam control and dynamics. This summary is divided into the same structure.
IEC Quality Assurance Task Group 5: UV, Temperature, and Humidity (Presentation)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Miller, D.; Bath, J.; Kohl, M.; Shioda, T.
2014-03-01
Taskgroup 5 (TG5) is concerned with a comparative aging standard incorporating factors including ultraviolet radiation, temperature, and humidity. Separate experiments are being conducted in support of a test standard via the regional sub-groups in Asia, Europe, and the United States. The authors will describe the objectives and timeline for TG5 as well as providing an update on the experiments in progress.
Migdal-Kadanoff renormalization group for the Z(5) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baltar, V.L.V.; Carneiro, G.M.; Pol, M.E.; Zagury, N.
1984-01-01
The Migdal-Kadanoff renormalization group methods is used to calculate the phase diagram of the AF Z(5) model. It is found that this scheme simulates a fixed line which it is interpreted as the locus of attraction of a critical phase. This result is in reasonable agreement with the predictions of Monte Carlo simulations. (Author) [pt
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Raja Ben Othman
2017-08-01
Full Text Available The 5’-alkynylation of uridine-derived aldehydes is described. The addition of alkynyl Grignard reagents on the carbonyl group is significantly influenced by the 2’,3’-di-O-protecting groups (R1: O-alkyl groups led to modest diastereoselectivities (65:35 in favor of the 5’R-isomer, whereas O-silyl groups promoted higher diastereoselectivities (up to 99:1 in favor of the 5’S-isomer. A study related to this protecting group effect on the diastereoselectivity is reported.
Katzer Lia Helena; Bernardi Mari Lourdes; Bortolozzo Fernando Pandolfo; Wentz Ivo
2005-01-01
Foram realizados dois experimentos para avaliar o efeito da incubação prévia e da taxa de resfriamento sobre a viabilidade de sêmen suíno resfriado. Doses de sêmen de 100ml, com três bilhões de espermatozóides, foram armazenadas a 17masculineC ou 5masculineC. Foram avaliados os percentuais de motilidade (MOT), de acrossomas normais (ACN) e de membranas íntegras (MI). Foram coletados 5 e 6 ejaculados de 6 e 4 machos, nos experimentos I e II, respectivamente. No experimento I, foram comparados ...
Diffusion of water into SU-8 microcantilevers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liu, C.J.; Liu, Y.; Sokuler, M.
2010-01-01
We present a method to monitor the diffusion of liquid molecules in polymers. A microdrop of water is deposited by a piezoelectric drop generator onto the upper surface of a cantilever made of SU-8 based photoresist. In response, the cantilever bends in the opposite direction. We find...... sophisticated finite element model the diffusion coefficient of water in the SU-8 polymer can be determined quantitatively from the dynamics of cantilever bending....... that this bending is mainly caused by the diffusion of water into the cantilever and the consequent swelling of SU-8. Using a one-dimensional diffusion model and assuming a simple swelling law, we qualitatively model the bending of the cantilever during in and out diffusion of water in SU-8. With a more...
The inflammatory marker suPAR after cardiac arrest
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rundgren, Malin; Lyngbaek, Stig; Fisker, Helle
2015-01-01
. This pilot study aimed at investigating suPAR levels in relation to outcome after CA and mild induced hypothermia. METHODS: suPAR levels were measured at 6, 36, and 72 hours in patients treated with hypothermia after CA. suPAR levels were analyzed in relation to survival after 6 months. Receiver operating...
New Developments in Supersymmetry (5/5)
CERN. Geneva
2001-01-01
Introduction to supersymmetric grand unified theories. An introduction to the MSSM and different mechanisms for supersymmetry breaking. Then the details of SU(5) and SO(10) unification, the new gauge sector beyond the standard model, representations of quarks and leptons. Gauge and Yukawa coupling unification and some predictions.
The hidden SO(4) symmetry of general SU(2) Thirring models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Curci, G.; Paffuti, G.; Rossi, P.
1988-01-01
General four-fermion interactions in two dimensions with SU(2) invariance are shown to possess a hidden SO(4) symmetry. As a consequence physical states belong to irreducible representations of the two commuting O(3) subgroups and their interactions decouple accordingly. Two independent stable trajectories of the renormalization group are shown to exist perturbatively and are consistently reproduced by abelian bosonization. (orig.)
Eric Hobsbawm y su lectura marxista de la historia
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pilatowsky, Mauricio
2014-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a brief survey of the contributions made by the historian Eric Hobsbawm to the field of History and his Marxist stance, both in his academic work and political practice. According to the author, the circumstances in which the researchers live are determinant to their study; hence this analysis includes a review of his biography. This perspective discusses his interpretation of Marx and Marxism, his understanding of History, his militancy in the Communist Party, his Jewish identity, and how he addresses nationalism in relation to the study of capitalism.En este ensayo se presenta un breve estudio de las aportaciones del historiador Eric Hobsbawm en el campo de la historia y de sus posturas marxistas; tanto en su trabajo académico como en su práctica política. El análisis incluye una revisión de su biografía ya que según el autor los investigadores y su manera de investigar responden a las circunstancias que les toca vivir. Desde esta perspectiva se aborda su interpretación de Marx y del marxismo, su forma de entender la historia, su militancia en el Partido Comunista, su identidad judía y el tratamiento del nacionalismo en su relación con el estudio del capitalismo.
Exceptional gauge groups and quantum theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Horwitz, L.P.; Biedenharn, L.C.
1979-01-01
It is shown that a Hilbert space over the real Clifford algebra C 7 provides a mathematical framework, consistent with the structure of the usual quantum mechanical formalism, for models for the unification of weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions utilizing the exceptional Lie groups. In particular, in case no further structure is assumed beyond that of C 7 , the group of automorphisms leaving invariant a minimal subspace acts, in the ideal generated by that subspace, as G 2 , and the subgroup of this group leaving one generating element (e 7 ) fixed acts, in this ideal, as the color gauge group SU(3). A generalized phase algebra AcontainsC 7 is defined by the requirement that quantum mechanical states can be consistently constructed for a theory in which the smallest linear manifolds are closed over the subalgebra C(1,e 7 ) (isomorphic to the complex field) of C 7 . Eight solutions are found for the generalized phase algebra, corresponding (up to an overall sign), in effect, to the use of +- e 7 as imaginary unit in each of four superselection sectors. Operators linear over these alternative forms of imanary unit provide distinct types of ''lepton--quark'' and ''quark--quark'' transitions. The subgroup in A which leaves expectation values of operators linear over A invariant is its unitary subgroup U(4), and is a realization (explicitly constructed) of the U(4) invariance of the complex scalar product. An embedding of the algebraic Hilbert space into the complex space defined over C(1,e 7 ) is shown to lead to a decomposition into ''lepton and ''quark'' superselection subspaces. The color SU(3) subgroup of G 2 coincides with the SU(3) subgroup of the generalized phase U(4) which leaves the ''lepton'' space invariant. The problem of constructing tensor products is studied, and some remarks are made on observability and the role of nonassociativity
SU-8 Based Piezoresistive Mechanical Sensor
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thaysen, Jacob; Yalcinkaya, Arda Deniz; Vestergaard, R.K.
2002-01-01
We present the first SU-8 based piezoresistive mechanical sensor. Conventionally, silicon has been used as a piezoresistive material due to its high gauge factor and thereby high sensitivity to strain changes in a sensor. By using the fact that SU-8 is much softer than silicon and that a gold...
Flop transitions in cuprate and color superconductors: From SO(5) to SO(10) unification?
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chandrasekharan, S.; Chudnovsky, V.; Schlittgen, B.; Wiese, U.-J
2001-03-01
The phase diagrams of cuprate superconductors and of QCD at non-zero baryon chemical potential are qualitatively similar. The Neel phase of the cuprates corresponds to the chirally broken phase of QCD, and the high-temperature superconducting phase corresponds to the color superconducting phase. In the SO(5) theory for the cuprates the SO(3){sub s} spin rotational symmetry and the U(1){sub em} gauge symmetry of electromagnetism are dynamically unified. This suggests that the SU(2){sub L} x SU(2){sub R} x U(1){sub B} chiral symmetry of QCD and the SU(3){sub c} color gauge symmetry may get unified to SO(10). Dynamical enhancement of symmetry from SO(2){sub s} x Z(2) to SO(3){sub s} is known to occur in anisotropic antiferromagnets. In these systems the staggered magnetization flops from an easy 3-axis into the 12-plane at a critical value of the external magnetic field. Similarly, the phase transitions in the SO(5) and SO(10) models are flop transitions of a 'superspin'. Despite this fact, a renormalization group flow analysis in 4 -- {epsilon} dimensions indicates that a point with full SO(5) or SO(10) symmetry exists neither in the cuprates nor in QCD.
Flop transitions in cuprate and color superconductors: From SO(5) to SO(10) unification?
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chandrasekharan, S.; Chudnovsky, V.; Schlittgen, B.; Wiese, U.-J.
2001-01-01
The phase diagrams of cuprate superconductors and of QCD at non-zero baryon chemical potential are qualitatively similar. The Neel phase of the cuprates corresponds to the chirally broken phase of QCD, and the high-temperature superconducting phase corresponds to the color superconducting phase. In the SO(5) theory for the cuprates the SO(3) s spin rotational symmetry and the U(1) em gauge symmetry of electromagnetism are dynamically unified. This suggests that the SU(2) L x SU(2) R x U(1) B chiral symmetry of QCD and the SU(3) c color gauge symmetry may get unified to SO(10). Dynamical enhancement of symmetry from SO(2) s x Z(2) to SO(3) s is known to occur in anisotropic antiferromagnets. In these systems the staggered magnetization flops from an easy 3-axis into the 12-plane at a critical value of the external magnetic field. Similarly, the phase transitions in the SO(5) and SO(10) models are flop transitions of a 'superspin'. Despite this fact, a renormalization group flow analysis in 4 -- ε dimensions indicates that a point with full SO(5) or SO(10) symmetry exists neither in the cuprates nor in QCD
Alternative [SU(3]4 model of leptonic color and dark matter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Corey Kownacki
2018-03-01
Full Text Available The alternative [SU(3]4 model of leptonic color and dark matter is discussed. It unifies at MU∼1014 GeV and has the low-energy subgroup SU(3q×SU(2l×SU(2L×SU(2R×U(1X with (u,hR instead of (u,dR as doublets under SU(2R. It has the built-in global U(1 dark symmetry which is generalized B–L. In analogy to SU(3q quark triplets, it has SU(2l hemion doublets which have half-integral charges and are confined by SU(2l gauge bosons (stickons. In analogy to quarkonia, their vector bound states (hemionia are uniquely suited for exploration at a future e−e+ collider.
Alternative [SU(3)]4 model of leptonic color and dark matter
Kownacki, Corey; Ma, Ernest; Pollard, Nicholas; Popov, Oleg; Zakeri, Mohammadreza
2018-03-01
The alternative [ SU (3) ] 4 model of leptonic color and dark matter is discussed. It unifies at MU ∼1014 GeV and has the low-energy subgroup SU(3)q × SU(2)l × SU(2)L × SU(2)R × U(1)X with (u , h) R instead of (u , d) R as doublets under SU(2)R. It has the built-in global U (1) dark symmetry which is generalized B- L. In analogy to SU(3)q quark triplets, it has SU(2)l hemion doublets which have half-integral charges and are confined by SU(2)l gauge bosons (stickons). In analogy to quarkonia, their vector bound states (hemionia) are uniquely suited for exploration at a future e-e+ collider.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Naculich, S.G.; Schnitzer, H.J.
1998-01-01
One-instanton predictions are obtained from the Seiberg-Witten curve derived from M-theory by Landsteiner and Lopez for the Coulomb branch of N=2 supersymmetric SU(N) gauge theory with a matter hypermultiplet in the antisymmetric representation. Since this cubic curve describes a Riemann surface that is non-hyperelliptic, a systematic perturbation expansion about a hyperelliptic curve is developed, with a comparable expansion for the Seiberg-Witten differential. Calculation of the period integrals of the SW differential by the method of residues of D'Hoker, Krichever, and Phong enables us to compute the prepotential explicitly to one-instanton order. It is shown that the one-instanton predictions for SU(2), SU(3), and SU(4) agree with previously available results. For SU(N), N≥5, our analysis provides explicit predictions of a curve derived from M-theory at the one-instanton level in field theory. (orig.)
Olofsson, Simon
2018-01-01
The goal of the FuSuMaTecH IP workshop, organised at CERN Ideaquare 19-20 April, was to educate superconductivity and magnet experts about intellectual property. About 30 participants from multiple institutes and companies worked together in this two day interactive program which was facilitated by CERN Knowledge Transfer. Great progress was made in shaping the FuSuMaTech industrial demonstrator projects as well as the R&D&I subjects.
Uniform fabrication of thick SU-8 patterns on small-sized wafers for micro-optics applications
Abada, S.; Reig, B.; Daran, E.; Doucet, JB; Camps, T.; Charlot, S.; Bardinal, V.
2014-05-01
This paper reports on an alternative method for precise and uniform fabrication of 100μm-thick SU-8 microstructures on small-sized or non-circular samples. Standard spin-coating of high-viscosity resists is indeed known to induce large edge beads, leading to an air gap between the mask and the SU-8 photo-resist surface during UV photolithography. This results in a non uniform thickness deposition and in a poor pattern definition. This problem becomes highly critical in the case of small-sized samples. To overcome it, we have developed a soft thermal imprint method based on the use of a nano-imprint equipment and applicable whatever sample fragility, shape and size (from 2cm to 6 inches). After final photolithography, the SU8 pattern thickness variation profile is measured. Thickness uniformity is improved from 30% to 5% with a 5μm maximal deviation to the target value over 2cm-long samples.
Lemieux, Samuel; Manceau, Mathieu; Sharapova, Polina R.; Tikhonova, Olga V.; Boyd, Robert W.; Leuchs, Gerd; Chekhova, Maria V.
2016-01-01
Bright squeezed vacuum, a promising tool for quantum information, can be generated by high-gain parametric down-conversion. However, its frequency and angular spectra are typically quite broad, which is undesirable for applications requiring single-mode radiation. We tailor the frequency spectrum of high-gain parametric down-conversion using an SU(1,1) interferometer consisting of two nonlinear crystals with a dispersive medium separating them. The dispersive medium allows us to select a narr...
Phase structure of lattice gauge theories for non-abelian subgroups of SU(3)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grosse, H.; Kuehnelt, H.
1981-01-01
The authors study the phase structure of Euclidean lattice gauge theories in four dimensions for certain non-abelian subgroups of SU(3) by using Monte-Carlo simulations and strong coupling expansions. As the order of the group increases a splitting of one phase transition into two is observed. (Auth.)
The Wilson loop expectation values in 2-and 3-dimensional SU(2) LGT
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li Zhibing; Zheng Weihong; Guo Shuohong
1989-01-01
An improved Monte Carlo scheme is applied to the computation of expectation values of nxm Wilson loops in both 2-and 3-dimensional SU(2) lattice gauge theories. The results are compared with those simulated by the discrete group Y 120 and the exact results in two dimensions
Contraction of graded su(2) algebra
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Patra, M.K.; Tripathy, K.C.
1989-01-01
The Inoenu-Wigner contraction scheme is extended to Lie superalgebras. The structure and representations of extended BRS algebra are obtained from contraction of the graded su(2) algebra. From cohomological consideration, we demonstrate that the graded su(2) algebra is the only superalgebra which, on contraction, yields the full BRS algebra. (orig.)
Quantum groups in hadron phenomenology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gavrilik, A.M.
1997-01-01
We show that application of quantum unitary groups, in place of ordinary flavor SU(n f ), to such static aspects of hadron phenomenology as hadron masses and mass formulas is indeed fruitful. So-called q-deformed mass formulas are given for octet baryons 1/2 + and decuplet baryons 3/2 + , as well as for the case of vector mesons 1 - involving heavy flavors. For deformation parameter q, rigid fixation of values is used. New mass sum rules of remarkable accuracy are presented. As shown in decuplet case, the approach accounts for effects highly nonlinear in SU(3)-breaking. Topological implication (possible connection with knots) for singlet vector mesons and the relation q ↔ Θ c (Cabibbo angle) in case of baryons are considered
The SU(3)xU(1) invariant breaking of gauged N=8 supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nicolai, H.; Warner, N.P.
1985-01-01
The SU(3) x U(1) invariant stationary point of N=8 supergravity is described in some detail. This vacuum has N=2 supersymmetry, and it is shown how the fields of N=8 supergravity may be collected into multiplets of SU(3) x Osp(2, 4). A new kind of shortened massive multiplet is described, and the multiplet shortening conditions for this and other multiplets are used to determine, by the use of group theory alone, the masses of many of the fields in the vacuum. The remaining masses are determined by explicit calculation. The critical point realizes Gell-Mann's scheme for relating the spin-1/2 fermions of the theory to the observed quarks and leptons. (orig.)
SU(8) family unification with boson-fermion balance
CERN. Geneva
2014-01-01
Grand unification has been intensively investigated for over forty years, and many different approaches have been tried. In this talk I propose a model that involves three ingredients that do not appear in the usual constructions: (1) boson--fermion balance without full supersymmetry, (2) canceling the spin 1/2 fermion gauge anomalies against the anomaly from a gauged spin 3/2 gravitino, and (3) using a scalar field representation with non-zero U(1) generator to break the SU(8) gauge symmetry through a ground state which, before dynamical symmetry breaking, has a periodic U(1) generator structure. The model has a number of promising features: (1) natural incorporation of three families, (2) incorporation of the experimentally viable flipped SU(5) model, (3) a symmetry breaking pathway to the standard model using the scalar field required by boson-fermion balance, together with a stage of most attractive channel dynamical symmetry breaking, without postulating additional Higgs fields, (4) vanishing of bare Yuk...
Assmann, Karen E; Andreeva, Valentina A; Jeandel, Claude; Hercberg, Serge; Galan, Pilar; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle
2015-10-15
This study's objective was to investigate healthy aging in older French adults 5 years after a period of daily nutritional-dose supplementation with antioxidant nutrients. The study was based on the double-blind, randomized trial, Supplementation with Antioxidant Vitamins and Minerals (SU.VI.MAX) Study (1994-2002) and the SU.VI.MAX 2 Follow-up Study (2007-2009). During 1994-2002, participants received a daily combination of vitamin C (120 mg), β-carotene (6 mg), vitamin E (30 mg), selenium (100 µg), and zinc (20 mg) or placebo. Healthy aging was assessed in 2007-2009 by using multiple criteria, including the absence of major chronic disease and good physical and cognitive functioning. Data from a subsample of the SU.VI.MAX 2 cohort, initially free of major chronic disease, with a mean age of 65.3 years in 2007-2009 (n = 3,966), were used to calculate relative risks. Supplementation was associated with a greater healthy aging probability among men (relative risk = 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.04, 1.29) but not among women (relative risk = 0.98, 95% confidence interval: 0.86, 1.11) or all participants (relative risk = 1.07, 95% confidence interval: 0.99, 1.16). Moreover, exploratory subgroup analyses indicated effect modification by initial serum concentrations of zinc and vitamin C. In conclusion, an adequate supply of antioxidant nutrients (equivalent to quantities provided by a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables) may have a beneficial role for healthy aging. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Evidence for SU(3) symmetry breaking from hyperon production
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yang Jianjun
2002-01-01
We examine the SU(3) symmetry breaking in hyperon semileptonic decays (HSD) by considering two typical sets of quark contributions to the spin content of the octet baryons: set 1 with SU(3) flavor symmetry and set 2 with SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking in the HSD. The quark distributions of the octet baryons are calculated with a successful statistical model. Using an approximate relation between the quark fragmentation functions and the quark distributions, we predict the polarizations of the octet baryons produced in e + e - annihilation and semi-inclusive deep lepton-nucleon scattering in order to reveal the SU(3) symmetry breaking effect on the spin structure of the octet baryons. We find that the SU(3) symmetry breaking significantly affects the hyperon polarization. The available experimental data on the Λ polarization seem to favor the theoretical predictions with SU(3) symmetry breaking. We conclude that there is a possibility to get collateral evidence for SU(3) symmetry breaking from hyperon production. The theoretical errors for our predictions are discussed
Low Cost SU8 Based Above IC Process for High Q RF Power Inductors Integration
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ghannam, A.; Bourrier, D.; Viallon, Ch.; Parra, Th.
2011-01-01
This paper presents a new process for integration of high-Q RF power inductors above low resistivity silicon substrates. The process uses the SU8 resin as a dielectric layer. The aim of using the SU8 is to form thick dielectric layer that can enhance the performance of the inductors. The flexibility of the process enables the possibility to realize complex shaped planar inductors with various dielectric and metal thicknesses to meet the requirements of the application. Q values of 55 at 5 GHz has been demonstrated for an inductance value of 0.8 nH using a 60 μm thick SU8 layer and 30 μm thick copper ribbons. (author)
Weinberg Angle Derivation from Discrete Subgroups of SU(2 and All That
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Potter F.
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The Weinberg angle W of the Standard Model of leptons and quarks is derived from specific discrete (i.e., finite subgroups of the electroweak local gauge group SU(2 L U(1 Y . In addition, the cancellation of the triangle anomaly is achieved even when there are four quark families and three lepton families!
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ashraf, Shakeel; Mattsson, Claes G; Thungström, Göran; Fondell, Mattis; Lindblad, Andreas
2015-01-01
This article reports on plasma treatment of SU-8 epoxy in order to enhance adhesive strength for metals. Its samples were fabricated on standard silicon wafers and treated with (O 2 and Ar) RF plasma at a power of 25 W at a low pressure of (3 × 10 −3 Torr) for different time spans (10–70 s). The sample surfaces were characterized in terms of contact angle, surface (roughness and chemistry) and using a tape test. During the contact angle measurement, it was observed that the contact angle was reduced from 73° to 5° (almost wet) and 23° for (O 2 and Ar) treated samples, respectively. The root mean square surface roughness was significantly increased by 21.5% and 37.2% for (O 2 and Ar) treatment, respectively. A pattern of metal squares was formed on the samples using photolithography for a tape test. An adhesive tape was applied to the samples and peeled off at 180°. The maximum adhesion results, more than 90%, were achieved for the O 2 -treated samples, whereas the Ar-treated samples showed no change. The XPS study shows the formation of new species in the O 2 -treated sample compared to the Ar-treated samples. The high adhesive results were due to the formation of hydrophilic groups and new O 2 species in the O 2 -treated samples, which were absent in Ar-treated samples. (paper)
Yadav, Vikas; Misra, Aalok; Sil, Karunava
2017-10-01
Meson spectroscopy at finite gauge coupling - whereat any perturbative QCD computation would break down - and finite number of colors, from a top-down holographic string model, has thus far been entirely missing in the literature. This paper fills this gap. Using the delocalized type IIA SYZ mirror (with SU(3) structure) of the holographic type IIB dual of large- N thermal QCD of Mia et al. (Nucl Phys B 839:187. arXiv:0902.1540 [hep-th], 2010) as constructed in Dhuria and Misra (JHEP 1311:001. arXiv:1306.4339 [hep-th], 2013) at finite coupling and number of colors (N_c = number of D5(\\overline{D5})-branes wrapping a vanishing two-cycle in the top-down holographic construct of Mia et al. (Nucl Phys B 839:187. arXiv:0902.1540 [hep-th], 2010) = O(1) in the IR in the MQGP limit of Dhuria and Misra (JHEP 1311:001. arXiv:1306.4339 [hep-th], 2013) at the end of a Seiberg-duality cascade), we obtain analytical (not just numerical) expressions for the vector and scalar meson spectra and compare our results with previous calculations of Sakai and Sugimoto (Prog Theor Phys 113:843. doi: 10.1143/PTP.113.843 arXiv:hep-th/0412141, 2005) and Dasgupta et al. (JHEP 1507:122. doi: 10.1007/JHEP07(2015)122 arXiv:1409.0559 [hep-th], 2015), and we obtain a closer match with the Particle Data Group (PDG) results of Olive et al. (Particle Data Group) (Chin Phys C 38:090001, 2014). Through explicit computations, we verify that the vector and scalar meson spectra obtained by the gravity dual with a black hole for all temperatures (small and large) are nearly isospectral with the spectra obtained by a thermal gravity dual valid for only low temperatures; the isospectrality is much closer for vector mesons than scalar mesons. The black-hole gravity dual (with a horizon radius smaller than the deconfinement scale) also provides the expected large- N suppressed decrease in vector meson mass with increase of temperature.
Intoxicação aguda com sementes de Crotalaria spectabilis (Leg. Papilionoideae em suínos
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D.G. Ubiali
2011-04-01
Full Text Available Relata-se necrose hepatocelular em suínos após consumo de ração que continha grãos de sorgo-granífero (Sorghum bicolor acidentalmente contaminado com sementes de Crotalaria spectabilis. Morreram 76 suínos em quatro propriedades no município de Juscimeira, MT. Os sinais clínicos iniciaram-se 24-48 horas após o consumo da ração contaminada e foram caracterizados por depressão, letargia, apatia, inapetência, vômito, mucosas ictéricas ou pálidas, ascite, decúbito esternal, decúbito lateral com movimentos de pedalagem e convulsões, a evolução clínica foi de 48-60 horas seguida de morte. As Principais alterações macroscópicas foram fígado aumentado de tamanho com evidenciação do padrão lobular, ascite e hidrotórax com líquido de coloração amarelo avermelhado contendo filamentos com aspecto de fibrina, linfonodos aumentados e edema pulmonar interlobular. A doença foi reproduzida utilizando-se 16 suínos divididos em seis grupos que receberam sementes de C. spectabilis em diferentes doses. Necrose hepatocelular ocorreu em sete suínos, sendo dois que receberam doses diárias 2,5g/kg e cinco que receberam doses únicas de 5,0 e 9,5g/kg. Dez doses diárias de 0,5 e 1,25g/kg causaram fibrose hepática.
ALFONSO ESGUERRA GÓMEZ: SU PERSONALIDAD Y SU OBRA
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alfonso Agusti Pastor
1982-06-01
Full Text Available
Comenzaba el año de 1928 cuando una tarde se presentó al Consejo de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional el Profesor Julio Aparicio para anunciar su retiro de la cátedra de Fisiología y candidatizar para ese cargo, al joven médico Dr. Alfonso Esguerra Gómez, quien lo había asesorado en París en la adquisición de un laboratorio para su
cátedra; consideraba el dimitente que no había nadie en el país tan preparado como su candidato para dar un vuelco en la enseñanza de las ciencias básicas, sacándolas de la enseñanza netamente teórica y dándole un carácter más moderno, pragmático y experimental a la docencia.
Muy afortunada fue la designación porque el novel profesor resultó que había heredado la facilidad de dicción y las dotes pedagógicas de su ilustre padre el Prof. Carlos Esguerra. Además de ello exhibió desde el primer momento un dinamismo realmente asombroso: en muy corto tiempo instaló, superando dificultades de toda índole, el laboratorio por él escogido y logró la colaboración de un grupo selecto de médicos jóvenes entre los cuales se destacaban Ramón Atalaya, Juan Pablo Llinás, Daniel Brigard Herrera, Ernesto asomo,
para no citar sino unos pocos. Allí se pusieron en práctica por la primera vez en el país vivisecciones sobre ranas para demostrar a los alumnos el hecho básicamente elemental de transmisión de la excitación eléctrica del nervio ciático a la musculatura estriada correspondiente; se inició la cirugía animal sobre perros, principalmente, familiarizando a sus discípulos con las teorías de Pavlov y verificando las pruebas respectivas, se aplicaron las corrientes eléctricas directamente sobre el cerebro descubierto, sobre las zonas motoras para observar su propagación por las neuronas hasta alcanzar la musculatura estriada y la consiguiente contracción; se inició el método gráfico con registros del pulso y
de la tensión arterial; se
Integral dimension in the string theory based on a group manifold
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Toyota, N.
1990-01-01
We study string models on a group manifold with Kac-Moody symmetry where the critical dimension d is integer. In particular the possibility of four-dimensional models is investigated. We find that only nine group manifolds with a relevant k level can have four as the critical dimension among an infinite number of compact Lie groups. They are all listed. The models with minimal conformal sectors adding to the Kac-Moody sector are investigated. In the cases with minimal conformal sector, there are only two groups, SU(5) and SO(43), that can give d=4. Among the cases with some tensoring products of minimal conformal sectors we discuss a few special cases with k=0 and k=1. The cases based on N=1 super Kac-Moody algebra are also studied. Finally we discuss the possibility of the enlargement of gauge symmetry. (orig.)
MICROSTRUCTURING OF SU-8 RESIST FOR MEMS AND BIO-APPLICATIONS
Dey, P.K.; Pramanick, B.; RaviShankar, A.; Ganguly, P.; Das, S.
2017-01-01
Some studies on the fabrication of micro-needles, micro-pillers, and micro-channels using SU-8 negative photoresist for MEMS and bio-applications are reported. The SU-8 processing technology was standardized for the purpose. Micro-pillars were fabricated on SU-8 polymer by soft lithographic technique. Micro-needles were realized on SU-8 film utilizing lensing effect of the etched groove structure of the glass substrate. Micro-channel was fabricated by molding of PDMS polymer on patterned SU-8...
Higher-genus su(N) fusion multiplicities as polytope volumes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Flynn, G; Rasmussen, J; Tahic, M; Walton, M A
2002-01-01
We show how higher-genus su(N) fusion multiplicities may be computed as the discretized volumes of certain polytopes. The method is illustrated by explicit analyses of some su(3) and su(4) fusions, but applies to all higher-point and higher-genus su(N) fusions. It is based on an extension of the realm of Berenstein-Zelevinsky triangles by including so-called gluing and loop-gluing diagrams. The identification of the loop-gluing diagrams is our main new result, since they enable us to characterize higher-genus fusions in terms of polytopes. Also, the genus-2 0-point su(3) fusion multiplicity is found to be a simple binomial coefficient in the affine level
A simple argument for confinement in the large N limit of SU(N)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Durhuus, B.; Olesen, P.
1981-03-01
Using rather general assumptions it is shown that the QCD vacuum consists of a condensate of color magnetic vortices in the large N limit of the SU(N) gauge group. In this argument it is important that the gauge group has a non-trivial center. Some observations are also made on the finite N case in the strong coupling lattice gauge theory, and it is shown that there is much similarity between N=infinity and N finite. (Auth.)
Renormalization group coupling flow of SU(3) gauge theory
QCDTARO Collaboration
1998-01-01
We present our new results on the renormalization group coupling flow obtained i n 3 dimensional coupling space $(\\beta_{11},\\beta_{12},\\beta_{twist})$. The value of $\\beta_{twist}$ turns out to be small and the coupling flow projected on $(\\beta_{11},\\beta_{12})$ plane is very similar with the previous result obtained in the 2 dimensional coupling space.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Charles, P.A.
1990-01-01
This paper discusses the characteristics and the source of energy of the explosive stars called cataclysmic variables (CVs), with special attention given to the SU UMa stars, which represent CVs which have disks. In SU UMa binaries, a gas stream from a cool reddish star hits an accretion disk spiraling around a white dwarf. The impact of the stream produces a bright 'hot spot' on the edge of the disk, seen only when the system is quiescent and the disk is relatively dim (during outbursts, the hot spot is swamped by the light of the disk itself). The principal source of energy and light of most CVs is the gravitational potential energy released by matter falling from the dim reddish companion onto the white dwarf. The mechanism involved in the overflow of the reddish star is believed to be magnetic braking. Simulations are presented that explain the SU UMa phenomena and which may be applicable to other high-mass-ratio interacting binaries
Met receptor inhibitor SU11274 localizes in the endoplasmic reticulum.
Wiest, Edwin J; Smith, Heather Jensen; Hollingsworth, Michael A
2018-07-02
We discovered that SU11274, a class I c-Met inhibitor, fluoresces when excited by 488 nm laser light and showed rapid specific accumulation in distinct subcellular compartments. Given that SU11274 reduces cancer cell viability, we exploited these newly identified spectral properties to determine SU11274 intracellular distribution and accumulation in human pancreatic cancer cells. The aim of the studies reported here was to identify organelle(s) to which SU11274 is trafficked. We conclude that SU11274 rapidly and predominantly accumulates in the endoplasmic reticulum. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pengcheng Zhao
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We demonstrated optical amplification in BaYF5: 20% Yb3+, 2% Er3+ (BYF nanocrystals doped polymer waveguide. BYF nanocrystals with an average size of ∼13 nm were synthesized by a high-boiling solvent process. Intense 1.53 μm fluorescence was obtained in the nanocrystals under excitation at 980 nm. An optical polymer waveguide was fabricated by using BYF nanocrystals doped SU-8 polymer as the core material. A relative optical gain of ∼10.4 dB at 1525 nm was achieved in a 1.1 cm long waveguide for an input signal power of ∼0.09 mW and a pump power of ∼212 mW.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campos, Francisco Antonio Pena
1995-12-31
The present work consists in a 1/N expansion of extended version of the SU(3) Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model in the context of the Functional Integral. The gap equations, meson propagators, triangle diagram, etc, appear quite naturally as different orders in the expansion. The new features of this approach is the inclusion of high order corrections in the 1/N leading orders, which have never included in the previous one. The method also allows for the construction of a chiral Lagrangian of interacting mesons based on the SU(3) NJL model, here obtained for the first time. (author) 32 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oakdale, James S.; Kwisnek, Luke; Fokin, Valery V.
2016-01-01
Functional polystyrenes and polyacrylamides, containing combinations of fluorosulfate, aromatic silyl ether, and azide side chains, were used as scaffolds to demonstrate the postpolymerization modification capabilities of sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange (SuFEx) and CuAAC chemistries. Fluorescent dyes bearing appropriate functional groups were sequentially attached to the backbone of the copolymers, quantitatively and selectively addressing their reactive partners. Furthermore, this combined SuFEx and CuAAC approach proved to be robust and versatile, allowing for a rare accomplishment: triple orthogonal functionalization of a copolymer under essentially ambient conditions without protecting groups.
Greenlee, Heather; Gaffney, Ann Ogden; Aycinena, A Corina; Koch, Pam; Contento, Isobel; Karmally, Wahida; Richardson, John M; Lim, Emerson; Tsai, Wei-Yann; Crew, Katherine; Maurer, Matthew; Kalinsky, Kevin; Hershman, Dawn L
2015-05-01
There is a need for culturally relevant nutrition programs targeted to underserved cancer survivors. Our aim was to examine the effect of a culturally based approach to dietary change on increasing fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake and decreasing fat intake among Hispanic breast cancer survivors. Participants were randomized to Intervention and Control groups. Diet recalls, detailed interviews, fasting blood, and anthropometric measures were collected at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Hispanic women (n=70) with stage 0 to III breast cancer who completed adjuvant treatment and lived in New York City were randomized between April 2011 and March 2012. The Intervention group (n=34) participated in ¡Cocinar Para Su Salud!, a culturally based nine-session (24 hours over 12 weeks) intervention including nutrition education, cooking classes, and food-shopping field trips. The Control group (n=36) received written dietary recommendations for breast cancer survivors. Change at 6 months in daily F/V servings and percent calories from total fat were the main outcome measures. Linear regression models adjusted for stratification factors and estimated marginal means were used to compare changes in diet from baseline to 3 and 6 months. Baseline characteristics were the following: mean age 56.6 years (standard deviation 9.7 years), mean time since diagnosis 3.4 years (standard deviation 2.7 years), mean body mass index (calculated as kg/m(2)) 30.9 (standard deviation 6.0), 62.9% with annual household income ≤$15,000, mean daily servings of all F/V was 5.3 (targeted F/V 3.7 servings excluding legumes/juices/starchy vegetables/fried foods), and 27.7% of daily calories from fat. More than 60% in the Intervention group attended seven or more of nine classes, with overall study retention of 87% retention at 6 months. At month 6, the Intervention group compared with Control group reported an increase in mean servings of F/V from baseline (all F/V: +2.0 vs -0.1; P=0.005; targeted F
Static properties of baryons in the SU(3) Skyrme model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sriram, M.S.; Mani, H.S.; Ramachandran, R.
1984-01-01
We study the SU(3) x SU(3) Skyrme model with explicit chiral- and flavor-symmetry-breaking terms. We evaluate the SU(3)-symmetric meson-baryon coupling-constant ratio α, SU(3) mass breaking in the octet and decuplet, and the ΔI = 1 part of the electromagnetic mass splitting in baryons. The theoretical numbers are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values
B-decay anomalies in Pati-Salam SU(4)
Barbieri, Riccardo; Tesi, Andrea
2018-03-01
Attempts to incorporate in a coherent picture the B-decay anomalies presumably observed in b→ c and b→ s semi-leptonic decays have to face the absence of signals in other related experiments, both at low and at high energies. By extending and making more precise the content of Barbieri et al. (Eur Phys J C 77(1):8, 2017), we describe one such attempt based on the Pati-Salam SU(4) group, that unifies colour and the B- L charge, in the context of a new strongly interacting sector, equally responsible for producing a pseudo-Goldstone Higgs boson.
Summary report of working group 5: Beam sources, monitoring and control
Conde, Manoel; Zgadzaj, Rafal
2017-03-01
This paper summarizes the topics presented in Working Group 5 at the 17th Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop, which was held from 31 July to 5 August 2016 at the Gaylord Hotel and Conference Center, National Harbor, MD, USA. The presentations included a variety of topics covering cathode and RF gun design, new user facilities, beam phase space manipulation, and a range of novel diagnostic techniques.
SU(3) chiral symmetry for baryons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dmitrasinovic, V.
2011-01-01
Three-quark nucleon interpolating fields in QCD have well-defined SU L (3)xSU R (3) and U A (1) chiral transformation properties, viz. [(6,3)+(3,6)], [(3,3-bar)+(3-bar,3)], [(8,1)+(1,8)] and their 'mirror' images. It has been shown (phenomenologically) in Ref. [2] that mixing of the [(6,3)+(3,6)] chiral multiplet with one ordinary ('naive') and one 'mirror' field belonging to the [(3,3-bar)+(3-bar,3)], [(8,1)+(1,8)] multiplets can be used to fit the values of the isovector (g A (3) ) and the flavor-singlet (isoscalar) axial coupling (g A (0) ) of the nucleon and then predict the axial F and D coefficients, or vice versa, in reasonable agreement with experiment. In an attempt to derive such mixing from an effective Lagrangian, we construct all SU L (3)xSU R (3) chirally invariant non-derivative one-meson-baryon interactions and then calculate the mixing angles in terms of baryons' masses. It turns out that there are (strong) selection rules: for example, there is only one non-derivative chirally symmetric interaction between J 1/2 fields belonging to the [(6,3)+(3,6)] and the [(3,3-bar)+(3-bar,3)] chiral multiplets, that is also U A (1) symmetric. We also study the chiral interactions of the [(3,3-bar)+(3-bar,3)] and [(8,1)+(1,8)] nucleon fields. Again, there are selection rules that allow only one off-diagonal non-derivative chiral SU L (3)xSU R (3) interaction of this type, that also explicitly breaks the U A (1) symmetry. We use this interaction to calculate the corresponding mixing angles in terms of baryon masses and fit two lowest lying observed nucleon (resonance) masses, thus predicting the third (J = 1/2, I = 3/2)Δ resonance, as well as one or two flavor-singlet Λ hyperon(s), depending on the type of mixing. The effective chiral Lagrangians derived here may be applied to high density matter calculations.
IAEA INTOR workshop report, groups 2, 5, 7, 9, 10 and 15
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1980-02-01
In order to prove scientific feasibility of magnetic confinement fusion, large fusion devices are under construction in several countries (JT-60 in Japan, T-15 in U.S.S.R., TFTR in U.S.A. and JET in EC). International Tokamak Reactor (INTOR) Workshop was organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to identify roles, objectives and characteristics of the next generation fusion device. This report is a compilation of the home task reports of six groups on INTOR engineering aspects by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute for workshop sessions 2 and 3 held in 1979. Tasks of the respective groups are group 2: first wall/blanket/shield, group 5: magnetics, group 7: systems integration and structure, group 9: assembly and remote maintenance, group 10: radiation shielding and personnel access, group 15: safety and environment. (author)
Global gauge anomaly of classical groups in even dimension
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Okubo, S.; Zhang, H.
1989-01-01
Explicit expression of global gauge anomaly coefficients A(ω) of locally anomaly-free representation ωof classical groups SU(N), Sp(2N) and SO(N) have been calculated in even dimensional space-time by uses of group theory and homotopy theory. As a by-product, the authors prove some modular relations involving the n-th Dynkin indices Q n ω of these groups
Quantum spaces, central extensions of Lie groups and related quantum field theories
Poulain, Timothé; Wallet, Jean-Christophe
2018-02-01
Quantum spaces with su(2) noncommutativity can be modelled by using a family of SO(3)-equivariant differential *-representations. The quantization maps are determined from the combination of the Wigner theorem for SU(2) with the polar decomposition of the quantized plane waves. A tracial star-product, equivalent to the Kontsevich product for the Poisson manifold dual to su(2) is obtained from a subfamily of differential *-representations. Noncommutative (scalar) field theories free from UV/IR mixing and whose commutative limit coincides with the usual ϕ 4 theory on ℛ3 are presented. A generalization of the construction to semi-simple possibly non simply connected Lie groups based on their central extensions by suitable abelian Lie groups is discussed. Based on a talk presented by Poulain T at the XXVth International Conference on Integrable Systems and Quantum symmetries (ISQS-25), Prague, June 6-10 2017.
Infinite statistics and the SU(1, 1) phase operator
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gerry, Christopher C
2005-01-01
A few years ago, Agarwal (1991 Phys. Rev. A 44 8398) showed that the Susskind-Glogower phase operators, expressible in terms of Bose operators, provide a realization of the algebra for particles obeying infinite statistics. In this paper we show that the SU(1, 1) phase operators, constructed in terms of the elements of the su(1, 1) Lie algebra, also provide a realization of the algebra for infinite statistics. There are many realizations of the su(1, 1) algebra in terms of single or multimode bose operators, three of which are discussed along with their corresponding phase states. The Susskind-Glogower phase operator is a special case of the SU(1, 1) phase operator associated with the Holstein-Primakoff realization of su(1, 1). (letter to the editor)
Population genetic study of 34 X-Chromosome markers in 5 main ethnic groups of China.
Zhang, Suhua; Bian, Yingnan; Li, Li; Sun, Kuan; Wang, Zheng; Zhao, Qi; Zha, Lagabaiyila; Cai, Jifeng; Gao, Yuzhen; Ji, Chaoneng; Li, Chengtao
2015-12-04
As a multi-ethnic country, China has some indigenous population groups which vary in culture and social customs, perhaps as a result of geographic isolation and different traditions. However, upon close interactions and intermarriage, admixture of different gene pools among these ethnic groups may occur. In order to gain more insight on the genetic background of X-Chromosome from these ethnic groups, a set of X-markers (18 X-STRs and 16 X-Indels) was genotyped in 5 main ethnic groups of China (HAN, HUI, Uygur, Mongolian, Tibetan). Twenty-three private alleles were detected in HAN, Uygur, Tibetan and Mongolian. Significant differences (p population differentiation of HUI and Uygur. However, the HAN, Tibetan and Mongolian ethnic groups were closely clustered. Eighteen X-Indels exhibited in general congruent phylogenetic signal and similar cluster among the 5 ethnic groups compared with 16 X-STRs. Aforementioned results proved the genetic polymorphism and potential of the 34 X-markers in the 5 ethnic groups.
Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) Project Briefing
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Eames, Malcolm; Mortensen, Jonas Egmose; Adebowale, Maria
This project briefing gives a short overview of the Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) Project.......This project briefing gives a short overview of the Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) Project....
¿Cómo determinar su riesgo empresarial?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Roberto Celaya Figueroa
2013-07-01
Full Text Available Las empresas cambian de manera constante, operativa o estructuralmente, sea para responder a las necesidades del mercado o para adecuarse a los cambios. Cualquier persona interesada en analizar una empresa tiene a su alcance herramientas de análisis que van desde determinar su liquidez, rentabilidad y solvencia o sus niveles de operación y los cambios que se generan en su estructura financiera; pero un análisis muy importante y difícil, por los sesgos que sus resultados pueden generar, es la determinación del riesgo inherente a la empresa, tema al que se aboca el presente trabajo
Luis de León (1527-1591 y su teoría de la justicia: aspectos principales de su doctrina
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sebastián Contreras
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Las investigaciones sobre Luis de León se han centrado, sobre todo, en su mística, narrativa y teoría literaria. En este trabajo, el autor intenta desarrollar los principales aspectos de su teoría jurídica. Al igual que otros grandes teólogos de la Escuela de Salamanca, también León ha estudiado el problema de la naturaleza de la ley humana y su vinculación con el derecho natural. Éste es, justamente, el tema del siguiente trabajo.
PMMA to SU-8 Bonding for Polymer Based Lab-on-a-chip Systems with Integrated Optics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Brian Bilenberg; Nielsen, Theodor; Nilsson, Daniel
2003-01-01
An adhesive bonding technique for wafer-level sealing of SU-8 based lab-on-a-chip microsystems with integrated optical components is presented. Microfluidic channels and optical components, e.g. waveguides, are fabricated in cross-linked SU-8 and sealed with a Pyrex glass substrate by means...... strength of 16 MPa is achieved at bonding temperatures between 110 oC and 120oC, at a bonding force of 2000 N on a 4-inch wafer. The optical propagation loss of multi-mode 10ym (thickness)x 30ym (width)SU-8 waveguides is measured. The propagation loss in PMMA bonded waveguide struc-tures is more than 5 d......B/cm lower, at wavelengths between 600nm and 900 nm, than in similar structures bonded by an intermediate layer of SU-8. Furthermore 950K PMMA shows no tendency to flow into the bonded structures during bonding because of its high viscosity....
Temperature dependence of shear viscosity of SU(3)-gluodynamics within lattice simulation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Astrakhantsev, N.Yu. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,25 B. Cheremushkinskaya St., 117218, Moscow (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology,9 Institutskii per., 141700, Dolgoprudny (Russian Federation); Braguta, V.V. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,25 B. Cheremushkinskaya St., 117218, Moscow (Russian Federation); Institute for High Energy Physics NRC “Kurchatov Institute”,1 Pobedy St., Protvino, 142281 (Russian Federation); School of Biomedicine, Far Eastern Federal University,8 Sukhanova St., 690950, Vladivostok (Russian Federation); Kotov, A.Yu. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,25 B. Cheremushkinskaya St., 117218, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2017-04-18
In this paper we study the SU(3)-gluodynamics shear viscosity temperature dependence on the lattice. To do so, we measure the correlation functions of the energy-momentum tensor in the range of temperatures T/T{sub c}∈[0.9,1.5]. To extract the shear viscosity we used two approaches. The first one is to fit the lattice data with a physically motivated ansatz for the spectral function with unknown parameters and then determine the shear viscosity. The second approach is to apply the Backus-Gilbert method allowing to extract the shear viscosity from the lattice data nonparametrically. The results obtained within both approaches agree with each other. Our results allow us to conclude that within the range T/T{sub c}∈[0.9,1.5] the SU(3)-gluodynamics reveals the properties of a strongly interacting system, which cannot be described perturbatively, and has the ratio η/s close to the value 1/4π of the N=4 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory.
El ambiente emocional del aula y su influencia en el aprendizaje del niño de 4 a 5 años
Benavides Yépez, Diana Paola
2003-01-01
El presente trabajo bajo el tema “El ambiente emocional del aula y su influencia en el aprendizaje” está concebido para conocer y comprender mejor la relación y adaptación persona – ambiente y cómo los ambientes sociales en donde se lleva a cabo el aprendizaje pueden motivar o desmotivar a los niños a aprender y a comportarse. La vida del niño, como continuación del hogar, es la ampliación de su círculo de vida social al encontrar en el nivel preescolar nuevas condiciones de adaptación al ...
PYMES: Ciclo de Vida y Etapas de su Desarrollo
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Juan Carlos Leiva Bonilla
2013-02-01
Full Text Available Apoyar a las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas(mipymes es una forma de incrementar la competitividady con ello el desarrollo nacional. Uno de los principalesobstáculos que revierte este apoyo es la carencia de untrato individualizado para cada empresa considerando susparticularidades y grado de desarrollo. Buscando atenuar lo anterior se diseñó un modelo bajoel cual se puedan clasificar a las empresas, según su estadoevolutivo en diversas variables, y con ello “individualizar”cada organización. El modelo se construyó en torno a siete variables: *Rol del emprendedor. *Enfoque de la gestión. *Rol de los recursos humanos. *Estructura. *Sistemas (operativos y directivos. *Ventas e indicadores financieros. *Infraestructura. Tomando en cuenta las citadas variables y su senderoevolutivo, la empresa podría ubicarse en las siguientesetapas: 1. La empresa surge y pone a prueba su oferta en elmercado. 2. La empresa percibe que su oferta es aceptada y empiezaa crecer. 3. La empresa alcanza un crecimiento importante y debeprofesionalizarse. 4. La empresa se consolida mediante profesionalización ycomo organización. 5. La empresa empieza a mostrar signos de envejecimiento. Adicionalmente se efectuó un análisis de los temas yenfoques de gestión que debería implementar una empresaacorde a su ubicación en el de ciclo de vida propuesto. Lacomprobación empírica y el estudio de campo se efectuaronen 55 mipymes registradas en la base de datos del Programade Emprendedores del ITCR. ABSTRACT The support the micro, small and medium companies(smes is a way to increase their competitiveness and thusnational development. One of the main obstacles that hinderthis support is the lack of an individualized treatment foreach company that considers its particularities and degree ofdevelopment. Looking to attenuate the above a model was designedunder which it is possible to classify the companies, accordingto their evolutionary state by diverse
Biased Monte Carlo algorithms on unitary groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Creutz, M.; Gausterer, H.; Sanielevici, S.
1989-01-01
We introduce a general updating scheme for the simulation of physical systems defined on unitary groups, which eliminates the systematic errors due to inexact exponentiation of algebra elements. The essence is to work directly with group elements for the stochastic noise. Particular cases of the scheme include the algorithm of Metropolis et al., overrelaxation algorithms, and globally corrected Langevin and hybrid algorithms. The latter are studied numerically for the case of SU(3) theory
Thermodynamics of two-parameter quantum group Bose and Fermi gases
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Algin, A.
2005-01-01
The high and low temperature thermodynamic properties of the two-parameter deformed quantum group Bose and Fermi gases with SU p/q (2) symmetry are studied. Starting with a SU p/q (2)-invariant bosonic as well as fermionic Hamiltonian, several thermodynamic functions of the system such as the average number of particles, internal energy and equation of state are derived. The effects of two real independent deformation parameters p and q on the properties of the systems are discussed. Particular emphasis is given to a discussion of the Bose-Einstein condensation phenomenon for the two-parameter deformed quantum group Bose gas. The results are also compared with earlier undeformed and one-parameter deformed versions of Bose and Fermi gas models. (author)
Francisco Suárez en la vida de su tiempo y en la del nuestro. Editorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Juana María Gil Ruiz
2017-09-01
Full Text Available Con la aparición de este número dedicado —como no puede ser de otro modo— a Francisco Suárez, en la vida de su tiempo y en la del nuestro, con motivo del cuarto centenario de su fallecimiento, ACFS inaugura una nueva etapa —la tercera— que pretende, además de aprovechar este homenaje, afrontar los nuevos retos planteados por la sociedad-economía del conocimiento y sus variados indicadores —formales— de medición de calidad. Es cierto que lo que marca la calidad, al menos la científica, debería sobrepasar cualquier requisito formal, pero más allá de lo que siempre debió y debe ser lo importante, el fondo, las revistas jurídicas han tenido que reinventarse para cumplir con los requerimientos de indexación exigidos por las reconocidas Bases de Datos.
Le marketing d'un pays : Label Suède
Olsson, Erik; Gustavsson, Anna
2006-01-01
Résumé L’objet de ce mémoire est d’analyser la composition du label « Suède » et si c'est possible d'utiliser les méthodes de marketing traditionnel quand un pays est commercialisé. Nous centrons l‘attention sur l’office suédois du tourisme et des voyages qui est responsable pour le marketing de la Suède comme destination touristique. Comment travaillent-ils pour commercialiser la Suède en général et particulièrement vers la France? Nous avons commencé par étudier des différentes théories du ...
Quantum SU(2|1) supersymmetric Calogero-Moser spinning systems
Fedoruk, Sergey; Ivanov, Evgeny; Lechtenfeld, Olaf; Sidorov, Stepan
2018-04-01
SU(2|1) supersymmetric multi-particle quantum mechanics with additional semi-dynamical spin degrees of freedom is considered. In particular, we provide an N=4 supersymmetrization of the quantum U(2) spin Calogero-Moser model, with an intrinsic mass parameter coming from the centrally-extended superalgebra \\widehat{su}(2\\Big|1) . The full system admits an SU(2|1) covariant separation into the center-of-mass sector and the quotient. We derive explicit expressions for the classical and quantum SU(2|1) generators in both sectors as well as for the total system, and we determine the relevant energy spectra, degeneracies, and the sets of physical states.
The microscopic structure and group theory of the interacting boson model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lipkin, H.J.
1980-01-01
The chains of groups used in calssifying states of the IBM are compared with the chains used in a composite model with j = 3/2 fermion pairs. Many similarities are found, along with differences due to Pauli principle effects in continuum fermion pairs. The classifications are shown to be characterized by several different seniority numbers, which are physically similar but formally different in the two cases because fermion pair and boson pair states used to define seniority in each model correspond to single bosons and four-fermion clusters, respectively, in the other model. The SO(6) and SO(5) groups which define boson pair seniorities in the boson sextet model are isomorphic, respectively, to SU(4) and Sp(4) which have simple physical interpretations in fermion quartet models. (orig.)
SU(2) with fundamental fermions and scalars
Hansen, Martin; Janowski, Tadeusz; Pica, Claudio; Toniato, Arianna
2018-03-01
We present preliminary results on the lattice simulation of an SU(2) gauge theory with two fermion flavors and one strongly interacting scalar field, all in the fundamental representation of SU(2). The motivation for this study comes from the recent proposal of "fundamental" partial compositeness models featuring strongly interacting scalar fields in addition to fermions. Here we describe the lattice setup for our study of this class of models and a first exploration of the lattice phase diagram. In particular we then investigate how the presence of a strongly coupled scalar field affects the properties of light meson resonances previously obtained for the SU(2) model. Preprint: CP3-Origins-2017-047 DNRF90
Effective SU(2) theory for the pseudogap state
Montiel, X.; Kloss, T.; Pépin, C.
2017-03-01
This paper exposes in a detailed manner the recent findings about the SU(2) scenario for the underdoped phase of the cuprate superconductors. The SU(2) symmetry is formulated as a rotation between the d -wave superconducting (SC) phase and a d -wave charge order. We define the operators responsible for the SU(2) rotations and we derive the nonlinear σ model associated with it. In this framework, we demonstrate that SU(2) fluctuations are massless in finite portions of the Brillouin zone corresponding to the antinodal regions (0 ,π ) and (π ,0 ). We argue that the presence of SU(2) fluctuations in the antinodal region leads to the opening of Fermi arcs around the Fermi surface and to the formation of the pseudogap. Moreover, we show that SU(2) fluctuations lead, in turn, to the emergence of a finite momentum SC order—or pair density wave (PDW)—and more importantly to a new kind of excitonic particle-hole pairs liquid, the resonant excitonic state (RES), which is made of patches of preformed particle-hole pairs with multiple momenta. When the RES liquid becomes critical, we demonstrate that electronic scattering through the critical modes leads to anomalous transport properties. This new finding can account for the strange metal (SM) phase at finite temperature, on the right-hand side of the SC dome, shedding light on another notoriously mysterious part of the phase diagram of the cuprates.
Innovative SU-8 Lithography Techniques and Their Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jeong Bong Lee
2014-12-01
Full Text Available SU-8 has been widely used in a variety of applications for creating structures in micro-scale as well as sub-micron scales for more than 15 years. One of the most common structures made of SU-8 is tall (up to millimeters high-aspect-ratio (up to 100:1 3D microstructure, which is far better than that made of any other photoresists. There has been a great deal of efforts in developing innovative unconventional lithography techniques to fully utilize the thick high aspect ratio nature of the SU-8 photoresist. Those unconventional lithography techniques include inclined ultraviolet (UV exposure, back-side UV exposure, drawing lithography, and moving-mask UV lithography. In addition, since SU-8 is a negative-tone photoresist, it has been a popular choice of material for multiple-photon interference lithography for the periodic structure in scales down to deep sub-microns such as photonic crystals. These innovative lithography techniques for SU-8 have led to a lot of unprecedented capabilities for creating unique micro- and nano-structures. This paper reviews such innovative lithography techniques developed in the past 15 years or so.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Álvaro Menin
2008-09-01
Full Text Available As enterites infecciosas bacterianas provocam severas perdas para a indústria suína em todo o mundo. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram determinar os agentes bacterianos, associados com a ocorrência de diarréia em suínos, em diferentes faixas etárias, no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, e verificar o perfil de resistência das cepas de Escherichia coli e Salmonella spp, frente aos principais antimicrobianos utilizados em granjas de suínos. Os principais gêneros/espécies bacterianos diagnosticados foram Escherichia coli, Clostridium spp, Salmonella spp Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, Brachyspira pilosicoli e Lawsonia intracellularis. Os fatores de virulência de E. coli mais prevalentes na fase de maternidade foram F5 / (K99 20%, F6 / (987P 16,3%, F42 6,8% e F41 5,7%, já nas fases de creche e terminação, predominaram cepas com fimbrias F4 (K88 11,2% e 5,4%, respectivamente. Para E. coli os maiores índices de resistência foram encontrados para oxitetraciclina (94% e tetraciclina (89,5% e os menores índices de resistência para neomicina (55%, ceftiofur (57,4%. Quanto às amostras de Salmonella spp, estas apresentaram maior resistência à oxitetraciclina (77%, e à tetraciclina (42,1% e menor à gentamicina (3,5% e amoxicilina (4,8%.Infectious bacterial enteritis causes severe losses to the swine industry worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiology of bacterial agents that are associated with the occurrence of diarrhea in pigs at different age groups, and to verify the profile of resistance of strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp to the main antimicrobial agents. The main bacterial species diagnosed were Escherichia coli, Clostridium spp, Salmonella spp, Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, Brachyspira pilosicoli and Lawsonia intracellularis. The E. coli virulence factors of higher prevalence in preweaning piglets were F5 / (K99 20%, F6 / (987P 16.3%, F42 6.8% and F41 5.7%, whereas at the nursery and with
Structural properties of the self-conjugate SU(3) tensor operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lohe, M.A.; Biedenharn, L.C.; Louck, J.D.
1977-01-01
Denominator functions for the set of self-conjugate SU(3) tensor operators are explicitly obtained and shown to be uniquely related to SU(3) -invariant structural properties. This relationship becomes manifest through the appearance of zeroes of the denominator functions which thereby express the fundamental null space properties of SU(3) tensor operators. It is demonstrated that there exist characteristic denominator functions whose zeroes, in position and multiplicity, possess the interesting, and unexpected, property of forming SU(3) weight space patterns
Aggression and 5HTT polymorphism in females: study of synchronized swimming and control groups.
Sysoeva, Olga V; Maluchenko, Natalia V; Timofeeva, Marina A; Portnova, Galina V; Kulikova, Maria A; Tonevitsky, Alexandr G; Ivanitsky, Alexey M
2009-05-01
Aggression is a heterogeneous heritable psychological trait, also influenced by environmental factors. Previous studies, mostly conducted on male population, have found some associations of the aggression with the polymorphisms of genes, regulating the activity of serotonin (5-HT) in the brain. However, psychological as well as biochemical manifestations of the aggression are different in males and females. Our study aimed to investigate the association of 5-HTT gene polymorphism with different facets of aggression (BDHI) in females. Two groups: the synchronized swimming and non-athlete control, - were examined to study the possible modulation effect of sport on the association between 5-HTT gene polymorphism and aggression. It was found that in both groups the low-active 5-HTT polymorphism (SS) was associated with increased scores on Indirect Hostility scale and decreased scores on Negativism scale, compared to LL genotype. No interaction effect between sport and 5-HTT polymorphism was found. The higher percentage of LL-carriers and lower of LS-carriers in the synchronized swimming group compared to the control one was observed. This may be the sign of the importance of LL polymorphism of 5-HTT gene, previously associated with higher resistance to stress factors, for being an athlete, although this result has to be taken cautiously keeping in mind the stratification problem. Synchronized swimmers had lower scores on Assault, Negativism, Irritability and Verbal Hostility compared to age-matched control girls (in general and for each 5-HTT genotype separately), suggesting that they may have more matured emotional system (older control group has also lower scores on these scales).
Fabrication of raised and inverted SU8 polymer waveguides
Holland, Anthony S.; Mitchell, Arnan; Balkunje, Vishal S.; Austin, Mike W.; Raghunathan, Mukund K.
2005-01-01
Polymer films with high optical transmission have been investigated for making optical devices for several years. SU8 photoresist and optical adhesives have been investigated for use as thin films for optical devices, not what they were originally designed for. Optical adhesives are typically a one component thermoset polymer and are convenient to use for making thin film optical devices such as waveguides. They are prepared in minutes as thin films unlike SU8, which has to be carefully thermally cured over several hours for optimum results. However SU8 can be accurately patterned to form the geometry of structures required for single mode optical waveguides. SU8 in combination with the lower refractive index optical adhesive films such as UV15 from Master Bond are used to form single and multi mode waveguides. SU8 is photopatternable but we have also used dry etching of the SU8 layer or the other polymer layers e.g. UV15 to form the ribs, ridges or trenches required to guide single modes of light. Optical waveguides were also fabricated using only optical adhesives of different refractive indices. The resolution obtainable is poorer than with SU8 and hence multi mode waveguides are obtained. Loss measurements have been obtained for waveguides of different geometries and material combinations. The process for making polymer waveguides is demonstrated for making large multi mode waveguides and microfluidic channels by scaling the process up in size.
The SU(2 vertical stroke 3) spin chain sigma model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hernandez, R.; Lopez, E.
2005-01-01
The one-loop planar dilatation operator of N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills is isomorphic to the hamiltonian of an integrable PSU(2,2 vertical stroke 4) spin chain. We construct the non-linear sigma model describing the continuum limit of the SU(2 vertical stroke 3) subsector of the N = 4 chain. We explicitly identify the spin chain sigma model with the one for a superstring moving in AdS 5 x S 5 with large angular momentum along the five-sphere. (Abstract Copyright [2005], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rabna, Paulo; Andersen, Andreas; Wejse, Christian
2010-01-01
-suPAR was measured using a commercial ELISA (suPARnostic®). We found that U-suPAR carried significant prognostic information on mortality for HIV-infected subjects with an area under the ROC curve of 0.75. For HIV-negative individuals, little or no prognostic effect was observed. However, in both HIV positives...... and negatives, the predictive effect of U-suPAR was found to be inferior to that of P-suPAR....
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nha, Hyunchul; Kim, Jaewan
2006-01-01
We derive a class of inequalities, from the uncertainty relations of the su(1,1) and the su(2) algebra in conjunction with partial transposition, that must be satisfied by any separable two-mode states. These inequalities are presented in terms of the su(2) operators J x =(a † b+ab † )/2, J y =(a † b-ab † )/2i, and the total photon number a +N b >. They include as special cases the inequality derived by Hillery and Zubairy [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 050503 (2006)], and the one by Agarwal and Biswas [New J. Phys. 7, 211 (2005)]. In particular, optimization over the whole inequalities leads to the criterion obtained by Agarwal and Biswas. We show that this optimal criterion can detect entanglement for a broad class of non-Gaussian entangled states, i.e., the su(2) minimum-uncertainty states. Experimental schemes to test the optimal criterion are also discussed, especially the one using linear optical devices and photodetectors
Model with a gauged lepton flavor SU(2) symmetry
Chiang, Cheng-Wei; Tsumura, Koji
2018-05-01
We propose a model having a gauged SU(2) symmetry associated with the second and third generations of leptons, dubbed SU(2) μτ , of which U{(1)}_{L_{μ }-L_{τ }} is an Abelian subgroup. In addition to the Standard Model fields, we introduce two types of scalar fields. One exotic scalar field is an SU(2) μτ doublet and SM singlet that develops a nonzero vacuum expectation value at presumably multi-TeV scale to completely break the SU(2) μτ symmetry, rendering three massive gauge bosons. At the same time, the other exotic scalar field, carrying electroweak as well as SU(2) μτ charges, is induced to have a nonzero vacuum expectation value as well and breaks mass degeneracy between the muon and tau. We examine how the new particles in the model contribute to the muon anomalous magnetic moment in the parameter space compliant with the Michel decays of tau.
Interpolating Lagrangians and SU(2) gauge theory on the lattice
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buckley, I.R.C.; Jones, H.F.
1992-01-01
We apply the linear δ expansion to non-Abelian gauge theory on the lattice, with SU(2) as the gauge group. We establish an appropriate parametrization and evaluate the average plaquette energy E P to O(δ). As a check on our results, we recover the large-β expansion up to O(1/β 2 ), which involves some O(δ 2 ) contributions. Using these contributions we construct a variant of the 1/β expansion which gives a good fit to the data down to the transition region
Optimization of renormalization group transformations in lattice gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lang, C.B.; Salmhofer, M.
1988-01-01
We discuss the dependence of the renormalization group flow on the choice of the renormalization group transformation (RGT). An optimal choice of the transformation's parameters should lead to a renormalized trajectory close to a few-parameter action. We apply a recently developed method to determine an optimal RGT to SU(2) lattice gauge theory and discuss the achieved improvement. (orig.)
Differential calculus on quantized simple Lie groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jurco, B.
1991-01-01
Differential calculi, generalizations of Woronowicz's four-dimensional calculus on SU q (2), are introduced for quantized classical simple Lie groups in a constructive way. For this purpose, the approach of Faddeev and his collaborators to quantum groups was used. An equivalence of Woronowicz's enveloping algebra generated by the dual space to the left-invariant differential forms and the corresponding quantized universal enveloping algebra, is obtained for our differential calculi. Real forms for q ε R are also discussed. (orig.)
Vitoria y Suárez: el Derecho Internacional
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Adolfo J. Sánchez Hidalgo
2017-09-01
Full Text Available Este artículo pretende mostrar la convivencia de dos estructuras de pensamiento en la escolástica española y, especialmente, en Suárez. Vitoria presenta una visión comunitaria del orden internacional y sus enseñanzas serán transmitidas a Suárez, quien, al contrario, presenta una visión societaria del orden internacional. Esta diferencia no es una casualidad, sino un auténtico cambio de paradigma en el sabio granadino, que hace de él un autor más próximo a la modernidad que a la tradición escolástica. Gracias a un estudio comparado mostraremos el punto de inflexión que supone Suárez en el tránsito hacia la modernidad y su idea de un orden mundial fundado en una sociedad de Estados.
Meson-baryon four-body reaction amplitudes in exact SU(4)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Liede, I.; Maalampi, J.; Roos, M.
1976-01-01
Fully SU(4) symmetric meson-baryon four body reaction amplitudes are presented in terms of SU(4) eigenamplitudes. The mesons and baryons considered belong to the SU(4) representations 15 and 20, respectively. Using these reletions, the cross-sections for the production of charmed particles can be predicted from known uncharmed reactions. (author)
"QUERIDÍSIMA FRIEDUCHA"!... CARTAS DE GUILLERMO KAHLO A SU HIJA FRIDA
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Annette B. Ramírez de Arellano
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Entre 1932 y 1933, Guillermo Kahlo escribió una docena de cartas extensas a su hija Frida, quien se encontraba en Estados Unidos en compañía de su esposo Diego Rivera. Estas cartas revelan un padre afectuoso, preocupado por el bienestar de su hija y empeñado en aconsejarle contra algunas de las "fallas" del temperamento que ambos compartían. También muestran el luto y la soledad que embargaban a Guillermo luego de la muerte de su esposa, la madre de Frida, y los intentos de la hija por buscarle distracciones y actividades. Las misivas también revelan el sentido del humor de Guillermo y su tendencia a lanzar dardos epistolares cuando quería recalcar su punto de vista.
SU (N) lattice integrable models and modular invariance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zuber, J.B.; Di Francesco, P.
1989-01-01
We first review some recent work on the construction of RSOS SU (N) critical integrable models. The models may be regarded as associated with a graph, extending from SU (2) to SU (N) an idea of Pasquier, or alternatively, with a representation of the fusion algebra over non-negative integer valued matrices. Some consistency conditions that the Boltzmann weights of these models must satisfy are then pointed out. Finally, the algebraic connections between (a subclass of) the admissible graphs and (a subclass of) modular invariants are discussed, based on the theory of C-algebras. The case of G 2 is also treated
Functionalized SU-8 patterned with X-ray Lithography
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Balslev, Søren; Romanato, F.
2005-01-01
spontaneous emission light source that couples out light normal to the chip plane. In addition we examine the influence of the x-ray irradiation on the fluorescence of thin films of dye doped SU-8. The dye embedded in the SU-8 is optically excited during, characterization by an external light source tuned......In this work we demonstrate the feasibility of x-ray lithography on SU-8 photoresist doped with the laser dye Rhodamine 6G, while retaining the photoactive properties of the embedded dye. Two kinds of structures are fabricated via soft x-ray lithography and characterized: a laser and in amplified...
Estado Vital de la Materia. Su origen, su evolución y su futuro.
J. Hernando Ordoñez
2001-01-01
En este artlculo se hacen algunas observaciones sobre un estado de la materia (estado vital), propuesto para reemplazar el de materia viva, que se usa habitualmente.
La materia en estado vital se organiza por una fuerza interna, que podríamos calificar como inteligente, que hace que los átomos se orienten y se organicen con determinada finalidad para fabricar células, para modelar órganos y, éstos, para culminar su obra integrándose con la armonía más admirable, par...
Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) in acute care
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Line Jee Hartmann; Ladelund, Steen; Haupt, Thomas Huneck
2016-01-01
for age, sex, Charlson score and C reactive protein. Area under the curve for receiver operating characteristics curve analysis of suPAR for 30-day mortality was 0.84 (95% CI 0.81 to 0.86). Furthermore, in the entire cohort, women had slightly higher suPAR compared with men, and suPAR was associated...
La poesía ebanita y su precursor Candelario Obeso
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ramiro Lagos
1983-01-01
Full Text Available Colombia, crisol de un claro mestizaje acriollado, donde la raza se funda, no en el color sino en el bronce de su valor y de su épica, unido a esa patina de cultura que da al colombiano un perfil singular, es quizá una de las naciones que más se han liberado, por su cultura, de las consabidas discriminaciones que separan al blanco del negro, del mulato y del aindiado. No es Colombia un país estrictamente criollo como las naciones rioplatenses que se precian de su ancestro europeo. Sin embargo, tan criollo culturalmente, se enorgullece de serlo el colombiano como aquel que lo es por dictados de la sangre ancestral, considerándose Colombia uno de los países más hispánicos, no sólo por la sangre cultural que colma su espíritu neorenacentista, sino por el purismo de su lenguaje castizo con que se expresan, para hablar con énfasis y claridad, las voces múltiples de sus portavoces raciales.
Calculating the renormalisation group equations of a SUSY model with Susyno
Fonseca, Renato M.
2012-10-01
Susyno is a Mathematica package dedicated to the computation of the 2-loop renormalisation group equations of a supersymmetric model based on any gauge group (the only exception being multiple U(1) groups) and for any field content. Program summary Program title: Susyno Catalogue identifier: AEMX_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEMX_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 30829 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 650170 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Mathematica 7 or higher. Computer: All systems that Mathematica 7+ is available for (PC, Mac). Operating system: Any platform supporting Mathematica 7+ (Windows, Linux, Mac OS). Classification: 4.2, 5, 11.1. Nature of problem: Calculating the renormalisation group equations of a supersymmetric model involves using long and complicated general formulae [1, 2]. In addition, to apply them it is necessary to know the Lagrangian in its full form. Building the complete Lagrangian of models with small representations of SU(2) and SU(3) might be easy but in the general case of arbitrary representations of an arbitrary gauge group, this task can be hard, lengthy and error prone. Solution method: The Susyno package uses group theoretical functions to calculate the super-potential and the soft-SUSY-breaking Lagrangian of a supersymmetric model, and calculates the two-loop RGEs of the model using the general equations of [1, 2]. Susyno works for models based on any representation(s) of any gauge group (the only exception being multiple U(1) groups). Restrictions: As the program is based on the formalism of [1, 2], it shares its limitations. Running time can also be a significant restriction, in particular for models with many fields. Unusual features
The renormalization group and lattice QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gupta, R.
1989-01-01
This report discusses the following topics: scaling of thermodynamic quantities and critical exponents; scaling relations; block spin idea of Kadanoff; exact RG solution of the 1-d Ising model; Wilson's formulation of the renormalization group; linearized transformation matrix and classification of exponents; derivation of exponents from the eigenvalues of Τ αβ ; simple field theory: the gaussian model; linear renormalization group transformations; numerical methods: MCRG; block transformations for 4-d SU(N) LGT; asymptotic freedom makes QCD simple; non-perturbative β-function and scaling; and the holy grail: the renormalized trajectory
Fabrication of high-aspect ratio SU-8 micropillar arrays
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Amato, Letizia; Keller, Stephan S.; Heiskanen, Arto
2012-01-01
to the resolution limit of photolithography. This paper describes process optimization for the fabrication of dense SU-8 micropillar arrays (2.5μm spacing) with nominal height ⩾20μm and nominal diameter ⩽2.5μm (AR ⩾8). Two approaches, differing in temperature, ramping rate and duration of the baking steps were...... compared as part of the photolithographic processing, in order to evaluate the effect of baking on the pattern resolution. Additionally, during the post-processing, supercritical point drying and hard baking were introduced yielding pillars with diameter 1.8μm, AR=11 and an improved temporal stability....
Vargas Murga, Horacio
2017-01-01
Se presenta una revisión de la literatura científica nacional e internacional, así como de documentos técnicos, sobre la violencia contra la mujer infligida por su pareja y su relación con la salud mental de los hijos adolescentes. Se abordan aspectos generales a manera de introducción y luego se muestra información sobre la epidemiología de la violencia contra la mujer, la violencia contra la mujer infligida por su pareja, los efectos de la violencia contra la mujer, los efectos sobre la sal...
Adler, Stephen L.
2017-07-01
We continue our study of Coleman-Weinberg symmetry breaking induced by a third rank antisymmetric tensor scalar, in the context of the SU(8) model (Adler 2014 Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 29 1450130) we proposed earlier. We focus in this paper on qualitative features that will determine whether the model can make contact with the observed particle spectrum. We discuss the mechanism for giving the spin \\frac{3}{2} field a mass by the BEH mechanism, and analyze the remaining massless spin \\frac{1}{2} fermions, the global chiral symmetries, and the running couplings after symmetry breaking. We note that the smallest gluon mass matrix eigenvalue has an eigenvector suggestive of U(1) B-L , and conjecture that the theory runs to an infrared fixed point at which there is a massless gluon with 3 to -1 ratios in generator components. Assuming this, we discuss a mechanism for making contact with the standard model, based on a conjectured asymmetric breaking of Sp(4) to SU(2) subgroups, one of which is the electroweak SU(2), and the other of which is a ‘technicolor’ group that binds the original SU(8) model fermions, which play the role of ‘preons’, into composites. Quarks can emerge as 5 preon composites and leptons as 3 preon composites, with consequent stability of the proton against decay to a single lepton plus a meson. A composite Higgs boson can emerge as a two preon composite. Since anomaly matching for the relevant conserved global symmetry current is not obeyed by three fermion families, emergence of three composite families requires formation of a Goldstone boson with quantum numbers matching this current, which can be a light dark matter candidate.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
José Fernando Barahona Vinasco
2017-09-01
Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar cómo la actitud que tienen los vendedores ante la tecnología puede representar un factor decisivo en la implementación de los procesos de automatización de la fuerza de ventas (afv. Se parte del modelo de aceptación tecnológica (tam, por su sigla en inglés, que asume que la actitud viene determinada por la utilidad percibida y por la facilidad de uso de esta, e introducimos como novedad en el modelo su relación con el desempeño. Se contrasta el modelo conceptual en una muestra de vendedores colombianos a través de un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados establecen que la percepción de la facilidad de uso de la tecnología influye positivamente en su utilidad percibida, al igual que la percepción de facilidad de uso influye positivamente en la actitud hacia su uso. Sin embargo, la utilidad percibida de la tecnología no muestra una relación directa frente a la actitud hacia su uso, y de igual forma no existe relación directa entre la actitud hacia el uso y el desempeño en ventas.
A diagram approach to character formulae for finite and compact groups
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kibler, M.; Elbaz, E.
1978-06-01
Some basic relations for the representation theory and the Wigner-Racah algebra of a finite or compact continuous group are discussed and transcribed in terms of diagrams. Special emphasis is placed on the case of a simply reducible group and all the diagrams are applicable to SU 2 without any change
Nanomechanical recognition of prognostic biomarker suPAR with DVD-ROM optical technology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bache, Michael; Bosco, Filippo G; Brøgger, Anna L; Frøhling, Kasper B; Boisen, Anja; Alstrøm, Tommy Sonne; Hwu, En-Te; Chen, Ching-Hsiu; Hwang, Ing-Shouh; Eugen-Olsen, Jesper
2013-01-01
In this work the use of a high-throughput nanomechanical detection system based on a DVD-ROM optical drive and cantilever sensors is presented for the detection of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor inflammatory biomarker (uPAR). Several large scale studies have linked elevated levels of soluble uPAR (suPAR) to infectious diseases, such as HIV, and certain types of cancer. Using hundreds of cantilevers and a DVD-based platform, cantilever deflection response from antibody–antigen recognition is investigated as a function of suPAR concentration. The goal is to provide a cheap and portable detection platform which can carry valuable prognostic information. In order to optimize the cantilever response the antibody immobilization and unspecific binding are initially characterized using quartz crystal microbalance technology. Also, the choice of antibody is explored in order to generate the largest surface stress on the cantilevers, thus increasing the signal. Using optimized experimental conditions the lowest detectable suPAR concentration is currently around 5 nM. The results reveal promising research strategies for the implementation of specific biochemical assays in a portable and high-throughput microsensor-based detection platform. (paper)
An improved estimate of SU(4) symmetry mixing in light nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haq, R.; Parikh, J.C.; Bhatt, K.H.
1974-01-01
The spectral distribution method of French has been very successful in determining ground state energies and mixing intensities of various irreps of a group near the ground state. For the SU(4) group these methods have been extensively used. The method incorporated actually estimates an upper limit for the mixing and lower amounts of mixing cannot be ruled out. This is beacuse the total variance sigmasup(2) which is composed of sigmasup(2) external and sigmasup(2) internal is used for estimating the amount of mixing. Whereas sigmasup(2) int gives rise to spreading of various irreps, it is only sigmasup(2) ext which leads to symmetry mixing. Better methods of estimating the mixing shall be discussed. (author)
Infrared fixed point of SU(2) gauge theory with six flavors
Leino, Viljami; Rummukainen, Kari; Suorsa, Joni; Tuominen, Kimmo; Tähtinen, Sara
2018-06-01
We compute the running of the coupling in SU(2) gauge theory with six fermions in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. We find strong evidence that this theory has an infrared stable fixed point at strong coupling and measure also the anomalous dimension of the fermion mass operator at the fixed point. This theory therefore likely lies close to the boundary of the conformal window and will display novel infrared dynamics if coupled with the electroweak sector of the Standard Model.
Nuevos dibujos de Alonso Cano y su círculo
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Navarrete Prieto, Benito
2001-12-01
Full Text Available No es fácil abordar el estudio de los dibujos de Alonso Cano. Su versatilidad, su dominio y aplicación en las diferentes técnicas y sobre todo las obras de su círculo más inmediato y de seguidores y copistas dificultan en grado extremo la catalogación correcta de sus diseños, algo imprescindible para poder conocer en profundidad la obra y el alcance de la pintura del artista granadino, así como su forma de trabajo, que ejemplifica sin lugar a dudas las preocupaciones de un hombre culto, formado en un ambiente intelectual y erudito y sobre todo con un bagaje cultural amplio según se deduce de su biblioteca comprada por Vicente Salvador Gómez en 1673 y que se publica en este mismo número de Archivo.…