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Sample records for struktur och orsaker

  1. Attitudes towards a final repository for the spent nuclear fuel. Structure and causes; Attityd till slutfoervar av anvaent kaernbraensle. Struktur och orsaker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sjoeberg, Lennart (Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden). Center for Risk Research)

    2008-09-15

    This report presents the results of a questionnaire survey of attitudes towards a final repository for the spent nuclear fuel. The questionnaire was mailed to 3,000 persons. Participants were young and older people in Oskarshamn municipality and Oesthammar municipality as well as in the rest of the country. Fifty-one percent responded. The questionnaire included a large number of questions of possible relevance for understanding the structure of and reasons for the person's attitude towards a final repository. Questions concerning nuclear power were dealt with in a special section. Men were more positively disposed towards a repository than women, older people more than young. The gender differences are mainly attributable to the variation in attitude towards nuclear power and concern about nuclear accidents. In the case of older people, interest was also a factor. Young people were not as interested in the issue. The most important factor in determining the attitude towards a final repository was the benefit it was expected to bring to the municipality. Moral and emotional aspects were also important. Risk played a relatively subordinate role. Social aspects were very important: those who frequently spoke with people who were positively disposed tended to be positive themselves, and vice versa for those who were negative. This factor could explain some of the gender differences in attitude. Attitudes in Oskarshamn were slightly more positive than in Oesthammar, probably due to the fact that the residents in Oskarshamn had a greater sense of participation in the municipality's decision in the matter. Information from SKB was also found to be an important factor for the differences in attitude between the municipalities. Eight percentage points more people had received information in Oskarshamn than in Oesthammar. The difference may be small, but it exists and does appear to be of some importance. Attitudes in Oskarshamn and Oesthammar continued to be much more positive than in the rest of the country, which was probably due to the availability of information but also to the fact that many people in these municipalities worked in the nuclear industry. Despite the positive attitude, there had been some decrease in positivity since 2005, especially among young people, perhaps due to the incidents in Forsmark in the summer of 2006 and in February 2007. It is interesting that there does not seem to have been a corresponding decrease in positivity in attitudes towards nuclear power in the country as a whole. When it came to nuclear power, the results showed that people had a fairly positive attitude towards the Swedish nuclear power programme, whose benefit was the most important component of this attitude. There was, however, some concern, and attitudes had become less positive in Oskarshamn and Oesthammar since 2005. Men were more positive than women, and older people more than young. Risk played a less important role, but a factor of great importance for attitudes was whether the person believed that a substitute could be found for nuclear power or not. Emotional reactions were important, but general values were less important for the attitude towards nuclear power. Social aspects seemed to play an important role for both the attitude towards a final repository and the attitude towards nuclear power: those who spoke with people who were negatively disposed tended to share that attitude, and the same was true of those who were positive. This factor may be part of the explanation for the gender differences in the attitude towards nuclear power, as well as the attitude towards a final repository

  2. Deposits on heat exchanging surfaces, causes in the bleaching process and countermeasures; Belaeggningar paa vaermevaexlare, orsaker i blekprocessen och aatgaerder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjurstroem, Henrik [AaF-Energi och Miljoe AB, Stockholm (Sweden); Staahl, Charlotte; Widell, Lars [AaF-Celpap AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2003-06-01

    Energy conservation in process industry implies to a large extent recovery of heat (or cold) from a process stream and its utilization for another process stream. The savings of energy that can be achieved depend on the process streams, but also on the efficiency of the heat exchange. A small driving temperature difference is a condition for an extensive recovery and a satisfactory preservation of its quality, i.e. its temperature. As process streams contain compounds or components that can precipitate and form deposits on heat exchanging surfaces, the recovery of heat is degraded. In the pulp and paper industry, two trends combine to increase the extent of fouling: a larger degree of closure for the process and a change in pH-profile caused by a switch to elementary chlorine free bleaching. In this study, the occurrence of deposits has been investigated for the mills that produce mechanical pulp and for the fiber line in mills producing chemical pulp. Deposits on the evaporator surfaces are treated in a parallel study. Except for some plants, deposits are not an important problem today. That does not mean that there has not been any problem or that problems will not occur. The origin of deposits lies in the chemistry of the process, but deposits have consequences for the thermal energy management. A list of possible actions in order to avoid deposits or to mitigate their consequences has been dressed in this report. They should be considered with the following order of priority: avoiding that the compounds that may form deposits enter at all the process, section 6.1; avoiding that these compounds form a deposit once they have entered the process, section 6.2; cleaning if nothing else helps or costs too much, section 6.3. Some of these methods are well known or are conventional changes in the processes. Some of these methods are less well proven or less well documented. In a longer time perspective, the kidney technology that is being developed could contribute to lower concentrations of the inorganic components of deposits in the process streams. The formation of oxalate can, however, hardly be avoided. Deposits may nevertheless occur, but their severity will be reduced.

  3. Arkitekturer i operativsystem : en fallstudie i monolitisk och micro kernel

    OpenAIRE

    Hjortsberg, Andreas; Frederiksen, Kristofer

    2001-01-01

    Den tekniska utvecklingen driver fram allt mer avancerade datorsystem. Samtidigt ställs allt större krav på stabilitet och flexibilitet i de operativsystem som ska användas på dessa system. De senaste årtiondena har micro kernel arkitekturen varit föremål för intensiv forskning och det finns idag ett flertal operativsystem på marknaden som använder denna arkitektur. Traditionella monolitiska operativsystem är relativt resurskrävande system som ofta anklagats för att sakna struktur. Micro kern...

  4. Kreativitet och innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jacob Østergaard; Skov, Hanne

    2016-01-01

    Kreativitet i arbetsterapi beskriver och analyserar kreativitetens många uttryck ur flera olika perspektiv: dels som en etablerad dimension av arbetsterapeutiska arbetsmetoder och yrkeskunskap, dels som en aktuell och efterfrågad grund för ny utveckling och innovation inom framtidens vård. Boken...... innehåller många praktiska exempel på hur vi kan se krea­tiviteten i arbetsterapeutens arbete såväl med klienter som när det gäller de system och den miljö människor lever och arbetar i. Boken beskriver också hur arbetsterapeuter arbetar och tänker kreativt samt hur de använder sig av kreativa strategier...

  5. Fotboll och huliganism i Skandinavien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Kristian

    De skandinaviska länderna är lika i en rad hänseenden, exempelvis samhällsstruktur, lagstiftning och kultur. Också när det gäller fotboll finns stora likheter ? Danmark, Norge och Sverige introducerades ungefär samtidigt under 1970- och 80-talen till den engelska fotbollen och dess supporterkultu...

  6. Struktur Metafora Melayu Pada Gurindam Dua Belas

    OpenAIRE

    Muliani, Suri

    2010-01-01

    Skripsi ini berjudul “ Struktur Metafora Melayu Pada Gurindam Dua Belas”. Dalam penulisan skripsi ini penulis menggunakan metode penelitian kepustakaan dengan mengumpulkan data atau bahan-bahan yang berhubungan dengan struktur metafora. Pembahasan dalam skripsi ini merupakan pemaparan tentang struktur metafora Melayu, yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang jenis-jenis metafora ditinjau dari sintaksis. Dalam hal ini objek penelitiannya adalah puisi rakyat yaitu gurindam. Dari hasil penelitia...

  7. Lakon Baratayuda Versi Klaten: Kajian Struktur Naratif

    OpenAIRE

    Endah Budiarti

    2013-01-01

    Tulisan ini dimaksudkan untuk menemukan aliran tindakan hero dalam Lakon Baratayuda versi Klaten. Teori struktur cerita rakyat Vladimir Propp diadaptasi dan dimodifikasi dalam tulisan ini. Teori Propp mengatakan bahwa sebuah cerita rakyat memiliki struktur yang dibentuk dari fungsi-fungsi yang bergerak berurutan. Berdasarkan teori tersebut, metode analisis yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah metode struktural model Propp. Upaya untuk dapat menemukan aliran tindakan sang hero p...

  8. Teckensnitt och dess personlighetsdrag

    OpenAIRE

    Linnarsson, Johan; Borja, Mårten

    2014-01-01

    När du arbetar med teckensnitt, vare sig du skapar – eller helt enkelt väljer ett teckensnitt, finns det konsekvenser till följd av skapandet och/eller valet. Läslighet och läsbarhet ligger i hjärtat av teckensnitts utformning – men principerna kring läslighet och läsbarhet är flexibla och kan komma att bortses ifrån, beroende på den tänkta kontexten för teckensnittet. Ett grepp om historiken bakom användningen av vissa teckensnitt, såväl som kunskap om de möjliga associationer de kan väcka ä...

  9. Projektering av produktions- och lagerhall

    OpenAIRE

    Englund, Elin

    2016-01-01

    Detta examensarbete är utfört åt Ingenjörsbyrå Mathias Smeds. Syftet med arbetet var att projektera en hallbyggnad som skulle fungera som produktions- och lagerhall åt företaget i fråga och åt andra företag som köper delar i hallen. I arbetet ingår att uppgöra bygglovshandlingar, en byggsättsbeskrivning, en jämförelse mellan energikällor och enkel kostnadskalkyl. Efter diskussioner och möten med beställaren blev resultatet en hall med limträstomme och med NR-takstolar som vindsbjälklag. Y...

  10. Pendugaan Struktur Patahan Dengan Metode Gaya Berat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Sota

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pendugaan struktur patahan mengguankan metode gayaberat. Kontras densitas tersebut berasosiasi dengan ketebalan sedimen dan keberadaan struktur patahan atau lipatan. Untuk mengetahui lokasi patahan dan lipatan maka anomali residual terlebih dahulu dipisahkan dari anomali total (anomali Bouguer dengan metode perata-rataan bergerak. Kontur anomali residual memperlihatkan keberadaan lipatan dan patahan secara kualitatif sedangkan interpretasi kuantitatif dengan pemodelan kedepan 2D memperlihatkan secara jelas lokasi patahan. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa lokasi patahan/sesar naik berada di bagian timurlaut yang berorientasi baratlaut-tenggara sedangkan patahan/sesar normal tersebar secara lokal yang juga berorientasi baratlaut-tenggara.

  11. KARAKTERISASI STRUKTUR MIKRO DAN STRUKTUR KRISTAL FILM TEBAL FETIO3 DARI BAHAN MINERAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yus Rama Denny

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan studi awal pembuatan dan pengolahan bahan mineral Indonesia sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan termistor NTC. Bahan mineral yarosit dari alam dimurnikan dengan larutan HCl, diendapkan dengan menggunakan NH4OH dan dipanaskan pada suhu kalsinasi 700oC selama 2 jam. Pembuatan termistor NTC dilakukan dengan mecampurkan serbuk yarosit hasil pemurnian dan pengendapan dengan TiO2. Pasta termistor FeTiO3 dicetak dipermukaan alumina substrat dengan metode screen printing, kemudian dilakukan pemanasan pada suhu 500oC selama 1 jam diruangan udara dilanjutkan disinter pada suhu 1100oC selama 1 jam diruangan hidrogen. Sifat listrik keramik film tebal hasil sinter diukur pada berbagai suhu. Struktur kristal dievaluasi dengan difraksi sinar x (XRD, dan struktur mikro dievaluasi dengan menggunakan SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope. Data analisis XRD memperlihatkan bahwa seluruh keramik film tebal berstruktur heksagonal (Illiminite. Data struktur mikro dan sifat listrik memperlihatkan bahwa termistor dari yarosit memenuhi kebutuhan pasar.

  12. Tidsperspektiv, mindfulness och stress: : en korrelationsstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Koudriavtseva, Antonina

    2017-01-01

    Denna studie undersökte det potentiella sambandet mellan tidsperspektiv, mindfulness och upplevd stress. Kring 60 studenter besvarade en online-enkät som inkluderade den svenska versionen av Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire och Perceived Stress Scale. Analyserna omfattade bivariata korrelationer, multipel linjär regressionsanalys och path analys. I linje med hypoteserna indikerade resultaten statistiskt signifikanta samband mellan mindfulness, ett ...

  13. Metoder och verktyg för motivation till och integration av arbetsmiljöarbete

    OpenAIRE

    Åteg, Mattias; Nygren, Olle; Andersson, Ing-Marie; Laring, Jonas; Neely, Greg; Rosén, Gunnar

    2006-01-01

    Rapporten utgår från forskningsområdet "Hur kan och bör arbetsmiljöarbete bedrivas och integreras i organisationers kärnverksamhet?" vid tema SMARTA, Arbetslivsinstitutet. I ett tidigare arbete har ett antal egenskaper identifierats som viktiga för motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete, sk Moveit-egenskaper. Dessa egenskaper och deras roll i arbetsmiljöarbetet ställs här i relation till perspektivet integrerat arbetsmiljöarbete, där arbetsmiljön ingår i styrsystemet och arbetsmiljöa...

  14. Autism och Asperger syndromtvå studier om pedagogers ochspecialpedagogers kunskaper och erfarenheter

    OpenAIRE

    Lindgren, Pauline; Olsson, Sofia; Simonsson, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    Lindgren, P, Olsson, S & Simonsson, D. (2008) Autism och Asperger syndrom – två studier om pedagogers och specialpedagogers kunskaper och erfarenheter (Autism and Asperger syndrome – two studies of teachers´ and special educators´ knowledge and experience). Högskolan, Kristianstad. Specialpedagogiska programmet. Syftet med vårt arbete är att undersöka vilka kunskaper som specialpedagoger inom grund-skola och grundsärskola har, samt hur pedagoger uppfattar sina kunskaper och erfarenheter när d...

  15. Musik- och Kulturskolans framtid… : En kvalitativ studie om musiklärares och rektorers tankar om dagens och framtidens musik- och kulturskola

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, David

    2011-01-01

    Den här undersökningen syftar till att få en djupare förståelse för hur musik- och kulturskolans verksamhet kan se ut i framtiden. Jag vill få en inblick i vilka faktorer som påverkar utvecklingen av den kommunala musik- och kulturskolan, samt hur musik- och kulturskolan väljer att förhålla sig till dessa faktorer. För att undersöka detta har jag använt mig av kvalitativ intervju som forskningsmetod för att därigenom få fram fyra instrumentallärares och tre musikledares tankar och erfarenhete...

  16. ANALISIS PENGARUH PERUBAHAN EARNINGS DAN RISIKO PASAR TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endi Sarwoko

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji perbedaan rata-rata struktur modal antar industri, menguji pengaruh perubahan earnings perusahaan terhadap struktur modal, dan menguji pengaruh risiko pasar dengan struktur modal perusahaan. Struktur modal dalam penelitian ini diproksikan dengan debt to equity ratio dan debt to total assets. Data diperoleh dari Pojok Bursa Efek Jakarta (BEJ Universitas Brawijaya, sampel sebanyak 40 perusahaan yang diambil secara Purposive dengan kriteria perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut aktif mencatatkan laporan keuangannya di BEJ dan aktif melakukan perdagangan saham selama 6 tahun terakhir. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh terbalik antara perubahan earnings perusahaan terhadap D/E tetapi perubahan earnings ternyata tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap D/A. Risiko pasar tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap debt to equity, hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa ketika akan melakukan pembelian saham investor tidak mempertimbangkan risiko pasar. Sedangkan berdasarkan pengaruh terhadap D/A diperoleh hasil risiko pasar berpengaruh signifikan terhadap debt to total assets,  manajemen perusahaan sangat memperhatikan dampak risiko pasar dalam menentukan kebijakan struktur modal perusahaan, karena dalam memberikan pinjaman kreditur biasanya sangat mempertimbangkan aset yang dimiliki perusahaan didanai dari mana, hutang atau modal sendiri.

  17. Sociala medier och levnadsvanor : Användning av Facebook och Twitter samt mat-, motions- och sömnvanor

    OpenAIRE

    Lindström, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrund: Ohälsosamma levnadsvanor bidrar avsevärt till sjukdomsbördan. Allt mer tid spenderas vid skärm och forskning tyder på negativa effekter på mat-, motions- och sömnvanor. Teknikens utveckling har förändrat skärmtiden. Sociala medier har intagit en viktig plats i mångas liv och skärmtid är inte längre automatisk förknippat till faktorer såsom stillasittande samt möjlighet att äta mer. Forskning om levnadsvanor och sociala medier saknas. Syfte: Att undersöka graden av användning av de s...

  18. Sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i Sörmlands skolor

    OpenAIRE

    Karolina Öjemalm, Karolina

    2009-01-01

    Sexualitet är ett grundläggande behov hos människor och påverkar individens upplevelse av hälsa och välbefinnande. Skolan fungerar som en viktig arena för att främja unga vuxnas sexuella hälsa och sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen i skolan kan ha stor betydelse för unga vuxnas utveckling. Sex- och samlevnadsundervisning har varit obligatorisk i svenska skolor sedan år 1955. Trots det visar en kvalitetsgranskning av sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen i svenska skolor från år 1999 att kvaliteten...

  19. KAJIAN STRUKTUR SOSIAL MASYARAKAT NELAYAN DI EKOSISTEM PESISIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Susilo

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perubahan sosial masyarakat dan dinamika kapasitas ruang dan titik kritis struktur sosial dalam ekosistem pesisir. Penyebab utama perubahan struktur adalah masuknya unsur-unsur pembentuk struktur dari luar (individu, sistem, atau karena meningkatnya akses masyarakat terhadap perubahan di lingkungan lokal, maupun di lingkungan sosial luarnya. Dinamika kapasitas ruang struktur sosial di ekosistem pesisir Karanggongso selama masa pengamatan dapat dijelaskan melalui dua indikator penting, obyektif dan subyektif. Titik kritis ada yang berlaku secara umum, dan ada yang berlaku secara khusus. Penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa teori evolusi berpeluang besar untuk disintesakan dengan teori-teori lain seperti teori konflik, ekuilibrium, dan teori timbul –tenggelam. Proses sistesa ini merupakan langkah opearasional pemetaan teori skematis yang dilakukan oleh Appelbaum. Dinamika struktur sosial sangat penting diketahui oleh pemeritah dan LSM, yang mana mereka memiliki perencanaan pembangunan dalam masyarakat nelayan. Kata kunci: struktur sosial, evolusi, kapasitas ruang, titik kritis ABSTRACT Research aim is to analyse any social changes and dynamic of space capacity and critical point of social structure in  coastal ecosystem. The main factor of  structural change is external factor of structural formation (individu , system, or increase of community access to the change of local social environment, and external social environment. Dynamics of space capacity of social structure in coastal ecosystem of Karanggongso during periode of research can be explained through the two indicators, objective and subjective. There are a general critical point and a special critical point. This results explain that a evolution theory  suggest a high possibility to be synthesized with any other theories, e.g. a conflict theory, an equilibrium theory,   and a “timbul-tenggelam” theory. The synthesis process is an

  20. Bland prinsessor och soldater : En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av genus och stereotyper i två Disneyfilmer

    OpenAIRE

    Jonsson, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Syfte: Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur genus representeras och hur feministisk kritik syns i Disneyfilmerna Mulan och Frost. Arbetet behandlar kopplingen till tidigare Disneyfilmer och stereotypa framställningar av manligt och kvinnligt. Det utgår från ett genusperspektiv som tar hänsyn till könsroller som är resultatet av sociala konstruktioner. Metod: Filmerna har studerats i sin helhet och sedan har specifika scener och sekvenser valts ut för närmare studie. De har analys...

  1. PENGARUH VARIASI TEMPERATUR TUANG TERHADAP KETANGGUHAN IMPAK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADA PENGECORAN ALUMINIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Tofa Wijaya

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menyelidiki pengaruh temperatur tuang terhadap ketangguhan impak dan struktur mikro hasil pengecoran paduan aluminium dengan menggunakan cetakan pasir. Bahan penelitian ini adalah paduan alumunium dari scrap aluminium, kemudian dilebur dan dituang ke dalam cetakan dengan variasi temperatur tuang dari 660 °C, 700 °C dan 740 °C. Pengujian impak dilakukan untuk mengetahui ketangguhan impak pada hasil coran dengan menggunakan alat uji impak Charpy (ASTM E 23-02a. Foto struktur mikro dilakukan dengan menggunakan mikroskop optik Nikon seri 661103. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variasi temperatur tuang pada saat pengecoran berpengaruh terhadap nilai ketangguhan impak dan struktur mikro hasil coran. Dari tiga variasi temperatur tuang yang dilakukan, semakin tinggi temperatur tuang maka nilai ketangguhan impaknya juga semakin meningkat. Struktur mikro yang terbentuk dari  logam paduan aluminium coran secara umum memiliki bentuk struktur mikro berupa struktur dendrite.

  2. Facebook applikationsutveckling : En analys och guide

    OpenAIRE

    Klinkmann, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    Facebook har blivit det ledande sociala nätverket på nätet. Facebook erbjuder även mycket goda möjligheter för företag att presentera sig, skapa sig ett brand på sidan och utveckla nya försäljningsinitiativ. Arcada har redan en tid haft en Facebook-sida. Nu ville de satsa mera på den och därför prova på att göra en kampanj i form av en facebook-applikation. Detta gjordes i och med deras brandförnyelse för läsåret 2011-2012. Detta examensarbete analyserar applikationen jag gjort tillsamma...

  3. Belöning och motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Blomqvist, Johnny

    2015-01-01

    Många företag använder sig av belöningssystem för att hålla kvar den nuvarande personalen och för att motivera personalen till ett bättre resultat i framtiden. För att ett belöningssystem skall fungera måste personalen vara motiverade. Syftet med detta arbete är att utreda vad personalen i några företag på Kimitoön anser om belöning och betydelsen av belöning i arbetet. I undersökningen utreder jag även motivationens betydelse i arbetet och vilken typ av belöning som motiverar på längre si...

  4. Analisis Kekuatan Struktur Pallet Menggunakan Metode Elemen Hingga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tria Mariz Arief

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pallet sebagai suatu alat bantu untuk mempermudah proses bongkar-muat logistik. Palletdigunakan hampir dalam berbagai lingkungan transportasi logistik. Pada bahasan berikutdikhususkan dalam lingkup transportasi di dalam pesawat udara khususnya pada pesawatangkut militer. Di lingkungan militer pallet digunakan untuk transport logistik baik secara normalmuat (loading dan bongkar (unloading maupun kondisi bongkar dengan diterjunkan daripesawat udara. Untuk pemenuhan penggunaan tersebut dilakukan perancangan ulang (reverseengineering struktur pallet yang dapat dimanufaktur secara lokal. Hipotesis awal menunjukkanbahwa berdasarkan kondisi pembebanan pada pallet dapat diperkirakan bahwa kondisitegangan dan regangan maksimum akan terjadi pada posisi sudut struktur pallet yang ditransferbebannya ke komponen plat besi penahan siku-siku dan baut. Material yang digunakan padastruktur pallet adalah Allumunium Alloy 7075-T6 dengan kekuatan tarik sebesar 503 MPa.Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan simulasi numerik dengan metoda elemen hingga(FEM. Proses simulasi numerik kekuatan struktur pallet difokuskan pada pembebanan statis(termasuk pengaruh factor G dalam interval beban statis 4 ton sampai 7 ton. Analisis dilakukanpada perubahan variabel tegangan dan regangan terhadap variasi beban yang diberikan untukmendapatkan tingkat keamanan struktur (margin safety. Pemodelan dilakukan denganidealisasi model ¼ bagian menggunakan elemen terstruktur dengan jenis elemen hexahedral(brick dengan jumlah 73803 elemen dan 360323 node. Hasil analisis menunjukkan teganganekuivalen maksimum struktur Pallet adalah 94 MPa yang terjadi di penguat sudut (anglebracket. Sedangkan pada struktur penguat lapis (sandwich structure berbahan thick blockyang mempunyai kekuatan sebesar 20 MPa adalah sebesar 0.84 MPa. Tingkat keamanansecara keseluruhan struktur dengan mempertimbangkan factor G hingga 2 adalah 5.3.Kata kunci: Analisis struktur, pallet, logistik, reverse engineering, FEM

  5. FAKTOR PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL: STUDI EMPIRIK PADA PERUSAHAAN MULTIFINANSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Ridloah

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variabel struktur aktiva, ukuran perusahaan, operating leverage, profitabilitas, likuiditas dan pertumbuhan penjualan terhadap Struktur Modal perusahaan sektor keuangan serta mengetahui variabel manakah yang paling berpengaruh terhadap stuktur modal. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua perusahaan sektor keuangan multifinansial yang terdaftar di BEI yang memiliki laporan keuangan dalam ICMD tahun 2008. Penentuan sampel penelitian ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh secara simultan variabel independen terhadap Struktur Modal. Hanya ada tiga variabel independen yang berpengaruh signifikan secara parsial terhadap variabel dependen yaitu ukuran perusahaan, profitabilitas dan likuiditas. Dari variabel-variabel tersebut, variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap stuktur modal adalah ukuran perusahaan. Saran yang penulis sampaikan dalam penelitian ini, bahwa untuk mencapai Struktur Modal yang optimal, perusahaan perlu meningkatkan profitabilitas, likuiditas dan ukuran perusahaan dengan cara meningkatkan profit margin dan meningkatkan asset yang dimiliki perusahaan. This study aims to determine the effect of asset structure variables, firm Size, operating leverage, profitability, liquidity and growth in sales of corporate capital structure of the financial sector as well as knowing which variables most affect the capital structure. The populations of this study were all multifinansial financial sector companies have been listed on the Stock Exchange which has ICMD financial statements in 2008. Purposive sampling method is used to analyse the samples of this study. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that there is a simultaneous effect of independent variables of corporate capital structure of the financial sector. There are only three independent variables that significantly influence the dependent variable that is

  6. Analisis Hasil Filtering Karous-Hjelt Berdasarkan Beda Spasi Dalam Penggambaran Struktur Bawah Permukaan Tanah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftakhul Maulidina

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Struktur penyusun tanah di setiap wilayah dapat digambarkan melalui pemodelan berdasarkan nilai resistivitas material penyusunnya. Tujuan penelitian ini membuat penggambaran struktur bawah permukaan tanah melalui filtering Karous-Hjelt dengan variasi spasi. Adapun spasi dalam pengambilan data di lapangan adalah spasi 1 meter dan spasi 0,5 meter pada masing-masing line. Penelitian ini sekaligus melengkapi hasil penelitian sebelumnya tentang penentuan struktur bawah permukaan tanah di sekitar Candi Gambar Wetan (Maulidina, 2015. Data yang dimasukkan merupakan data hasil pengukuran Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic di area Candi Gambar Wetan. Metode yang digunakan yaitu pengolahan data menggunakan filtering Karous-Hjelt untuk penggambaran struktur bawah permukaan tanah pada kedalaman 0 – 6 meter untuk dua jenis data berdasarkan variasi spasi. Hasil pengolahan menunjukkan penggambaran struktur bawah permukaan tanah spasi 0,5 m memiliki rentang nilai resistivitas yang lebih mendetail dibandingkan spasi 1 m. Hasil ini dapat menambah informasi dan bisa digunakan sebagai acuan dalam penelitian berikutnya.

  7. Hjälplöshet och hopplöshet : samtidig och prediktiv relation till depression och ångest

    OpenAIRE

    Hansson, Charlotta; Lindberg, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    Forskning visar att hjälplöshet och hopplöshet är betydelsefulla faktorer för förståelse av depression och ångest. Enligt Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress (CATS) är känslor av hjälplöshet och hopplöshet dessutom prediktiva för psykopatologi. Hjälplöshet definieras som den inlärda förväntan att egen ansträngning inte kan åstadkomma skillnad, och hopplöshet som att egen ansträngning leder till försämring. Den här studien undersökte relationen mellan hjälplöshet/hopplöshet och depression/ån...

  8. Konflikter och mobbning på arbetsplatsen : En osynlig kostnad

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Linda

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka vilka negativa konsekvenser konflikter och mobbning kan orsaka medarbetare och organisationer. Den ekonomiska krisen har medfört nedskärningar, ökad osäkerhet och hård konkurrens som påverkat arbetsmiljöerna i Finland. Eftersom arbetsvälbefinnande sjunkit på grund av dessa yttre faktorer, vill jag med detta examensarbete beskriva varför arbetsvälfärden borde få hög proritet. Detta examensarbete är baserat på litteratur, lagar, statistik och inter...

  9. Budgetering och budgeteringsprocessen inom ekonomiförvaltningen

    OpenAIRE

    Finnström, Anders

    2013-01-01

    Syftet med undersökningen är att ge en bild av vad budgetering är och budgeteringsprocessen inom ekonomiförvaltningen. Forskningsproblemet är att ta reda på vilken kritiken är mot budgetering, hur man kan förbättra budgetarbetet och få fram vilka de alternativa metoderna är till budgetering. I lärdomsprovets teoretiska del behandlas vad en budget är, syften med en budget, huvud- och delbudgetar, budgeteringsprocessen, kritik och alternativa metoder till budgeteringen. I den empiriska delen ha...

  10. Chaos Paintball : -En investering och finansieringsbedömning

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Per; Söderqvist, Hanna

    2009-01-01

     I uppsatsen "Chaos Paintball, en investerings- och finansieringsbedömning" har en undersökning gällande en nyinvestering och finansieringen avseende nya aktiviteter och en byggnad genomförts. Undersökningen har utförts genom att tre olika byggnadsalternativ har tagits i beaktande och beräkningar på byggnadsalternativen har gjorts. Företagets planerade aktiviteter har undersökts genom att, med hjälp av kalkyler, genomföra beräkningar. Detta har lett fram till en rekommendation om vilka aktivi...

  11. ESTIMASI BAYESIAN PADA MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL DENGAN VARIABEL KATEGORIK TERURUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Yunita

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  This article explains about parameter estimation of structural equation model with ordered categorical variable using Bayes method. The basic assumptions of SEM are the data type is continuous, minimum scale is interval, and it has to satisfy the normality assumption. The categorical data is ordinal data which the observation is in discrete form, and to treat the categorical data as normally distributed continuous data is by finding threshold parameter for each categorical data. Bayes method only focuses on individual data by combining sample data and the research data before (prior information, in order to minimize the error rate. Hence, the parameter estimation of structural equation model can be obtained well. In this estimation process, it is done numerically by using Monte Carlo method, i.e. Gibbs Sampling and Metropolis Hasting. Keywords:   Structural Equation Modeling ,categorical data, Threshold, Gibbs Sampling, Metropolis Hasting. Abstrak Dalam artikel ini dijelaskan tentang estimasi parameter dari model persamaan struktural dengan variabel kategorik terurut dengan menggunakan metode Bayes. Asumsi dasar dari SEM adalah  jenis datanya kontinu dan minimal berskala interval serta memenuhi asumsi normalitas. Sementara data kategorik merupakan data ordinal dengan pengamatan dalam bentuk diskrit, untuk dapat memperlakukan data kategorik sebagai data kontinu berdistribusi normal yaitu dengan mencari treshold paramater untuk masing-masing data kategorik. Metode Bayes  hanya berfokus pada data individu dengan menggabungkan antara data sampel dengan data penelitian sebelumnya (informasi prior, dengan tujuan untuk meminimalkan tingkat kesalahan. Sehingga estimasi parameter dari model persamaan struktural dapat dihasilkan dengan baik. Dalam proses estimasi, hal ini dilakukan secara numerik dengan menggunakan metode Monte Carlo, yaitu Gibbs Sampling dan Metropolis Hasting. Kata Kunci:  Model Persamaan Struktural, data kategorik

  12. Vinylskivor, Nivea och Teinitalo, Genus- och åldersperspektiv på reklam i ungdomstidningen Suosikki 1964

    OpenAIRE

    Rydman, Ina

    2016-01-01

    Populärkulturen och ungdomskulturen uppkom på 1950-talet då Finland hade börjat klassas som ett modernt konsumtionssamhälle. Ett ekonomiskt uppsving under efterkrigstiden ledde till ökad konsumtion i samhället och till den så kallade tonårsindustrin. Det skedde en amerikanisering som syntes i finsk media och i reklam vilket präglade ungdomskulturen. I början av 1960-talet var en stor del av landets befolkning unga och de hörde till babyboom-generationen. I ungdomstidningar kan man se tecken p...

  13. STRUKTUR PROTEOMIK VIRUS DENGUE DAN MANFAATNYA SEBAGAI TARGET ANTIVIRUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novia Rachmayanti

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakVirus dengue (DENV telah menyebabkan sekitar 50 juta kasus infeksi demam berdarah setiap tahunnya, akan tetapi hingga saat ini belum terdapat vaksin maupun antivirus yang mampu mencegah atau mengobati penyakit tersebut. Selama pengembangan vaksin dan antivirus, diperoleh berbagai informasi tentang struktur protein DENV yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai target obat. Makalah membahas tentang struktur proteomik pada DENV, yaitu glikoprotein pada envelope, NS3 protease, NS3 helikase, NS5 metiltransferase, dan NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polimerase.AbstractDengue virus (DENV has caused over 50 millions infection every year. However, to date neither vaccine nor medicine could be used to prevent or cure the illness. During researches in finding the vaccine or antiviral for DENV, information on DENV protein structure has been obtained which is potentially used as drug target. This paper disscuss DENV proteomic structure that consist of envelope glicoprotein, NS3 protease, NS3 helicase, NS5 methyl-transferase, and NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

  14. KARAKTERISTIK MORFO-ANATOMI STRUKTUR VEGETATIF SPESIES RHIZOPORA APICULATA (RHIZOPORACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atok Masofyan Hadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Rhizhopora apiculata is the plants mangrove of the tribe Rhizoporaceae. Detailed study of related species in Indonesia is still lacking. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the character of morphological and anatomical structure of vegetative species. The method used is the method of observation and exploration of the facts as a marker plant systematics. The results showed that the morphological characteristics of stem leaves roots in accordance with existing literature. Data anatomical vegetative structure is new data that is used to strengthen its position in Rhizoporaceae. Rhizhopora apiculata merupakan tumbuhan mangrove dari suku Rhizoporaceae. Kajian secara mendetail terkait spesies di Indonesia masih sangat kurang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis karakter morfologis dan anatomis struktur vegetatif spesies. Metode penelitian yang digunakan ialah metode pengamatan dan eksplorasi fakta sebagai penanda sistematika tumbuhan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik morfologi daun batang akar sesuai dengan literatur yang telah ada. Data anatomi struktur vegetatif merupakan data baru yang digunakan untuk memperkuat kedudukannya dalam Rhizoporaceae.

  15. KR’PTA. Samtidspoesin och Derrida : Spår och ärrbildningar hos Johannes Heldén, Ingrid Storholmen och Anna Hallberg

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    Lisa Schmidt, KR’PTA. Samtidspoesin och Derrida. Spår och ärrbildningar hos Johannes Hel­dén, Ingrid Storholmen och Anna Hallberg. (CR’PT. Contemporary Poetry and Derrida: Traces and Scarring in the Poetry of Johannes Heldén, Ingrid Storholmen and Anna Hallberg.) Through the analyses of three contemporary Nordic poets whose work challenges the boun­daries of literature and even the laws of grammar, I draw attention to the term linguistic materialism. I also sketch an historical line between t...

  16. Pengaruh Metode Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD dan Pemahaman Struktur Kalimat terhadap Keterampilan Menulis Narasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Widiyarto

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini  untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode Teams Achievment Division dan pemahaman  struktur kalimat terhadap keterampilan menulis Bahasa kalimat narasi. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan analisis dua jalur (Anova.Data  di lapangan  memakai hasil tes. Sampel diambil pada kelas VII SMP Swasta Future Gate Jatikramat Kota Bekasi. Jumlah siswa pada kelas kontrol dan eksperimen sebanyak 50 siswa. Berdasarkan analisis data yang dihitung dengan memakai Spss 22 dapat disimpulkan : 1.   Terdapat pengaruh signifikan metode Student Teams Achievment Division( STAD terhadap keterampilan menulis. 2 Tidak terdapat Pengaruh Struktur Kalimat terhadap Keterampilan menulis narasi. . 3. Tidak terdapat pengaruh  Metode STAD dan pemahaman  struktur kalimat secara bersama-sama terhadap keterampilan menulis narasi Kata Kunci  :  metode STAD, Penguasaan struktur kalimat dan keterampilan menulis narasi 

  17. Pengaruh Struktur Organisasi dan Ukuran Perusahaan Terhadap Penerapan Business Entity Concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widya Exsa Marita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Masalah pengelolaan dana merupakan momok yang sering mengakibatkan kegagalan usaha pada suatu perusahaan terutama UMKM. Pengelolaan dana yang efektif dan efisien dapat tercapai jika suatu perusahaan mampu menerapkan akuntansi yang baik. Penerapan akuntansi yang baik haruslah diawali dengan penerapan konsep akuntansi, salah satunya yaitu business entity concept. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan terhadap penerapan business entity concept. Objek penelitian yang diambil adalah UD. Agung Mulia Jaya dengan sampel sebanyak 200 reponden yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini adalah struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah penerapan business entity concept. Untuk menguji adanya pengaruh struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan terhadap penerapan business entity concept, maka dilakukan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil pengujian secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa kedua variabel bebas yaitu struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan berpengaruh terhadap penerapan business entity concept. Secara parsial, struktur organisasi berpengaruh positif terhadap penerapan business entity concept, namun sebaliknya ukuran perusahaan berpengaruh negatif terhadap penerapan business entity concept. Koefisien determinasi menghasilkan nilai 67,4% yang berarti penerapan business entity concept dapat dijelaskan oleh variabel struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan sebesar 67,4% atau bersifat kuat.

  18. Promene komponenata i strukture mleka tokom fermentacije dodatkom nekonvencionalnog startera

    OpenAIRE

    Kanurić Katarina

    2014-01-01

    Promene komponenata i strukture mleka ispitane su tokom fermentacije korišćenjem inokuluma kombuhe kultivisane na crnom čaju zaslađenom saharozom u koncentraciji 10%. Fermentacija mleka sa 2,2% mlečne masti izvršena je na dve različite temperature (37°C i 42°C) i uzorci su analizirani na sledećim pH vrednostima: 6,1; 5,8; 5,4; 5,1; 4,8 i 4,6. Urađena je determinacija i identifikacija produkata fermentacije laktoze kao što su: šećeri, organske kiseline i masne kiseline. Ispitane su teksturalne...

  19. Kembalikan Lagu Anak-anak Indonesia: Sebuah Analisis Struktur Musik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardipal - -

    2015-12-01

    . Yaitu musik sebagai pengembangan seni di lingkungan tertentu  dan musik sebagai seni komersial. Dari sisi musik komersial, hampir dua dekade terakhir  ini lagu anak-anak menghilang di media massa. Digantikan oleh lagu orang dewasa. Hal ini tentu mempengaruhi perkembangan psikologis, fisik, dan mental anak-anak. Secara teoritik, masalah ini hal ini dapat ditinjau dari produksi musik melalui pendekatan (1 konfik (hegemoni dan (2 interpretasi/makna. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan struktur musik lagu anak-anak dan struktur musik orang dewasa. Data diambil dari lagu anak-anak dan lagu pop orang dewasa. Metoda analisis difokuskan pada fitur lagu berdasarkan struktur musik dan dampaknya. Instrumen kunci dalam penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri dan instrumen pembantu berupa panduan kodifikasi data. Kemudian mendeskripsikan unsur-unsur tersebut yang terdapat dalam beberapa lagu anak-anak dan dewasa. Untuk menjaga keabsahan data, dilakukan kegiatan triangulasi data. Kegiatan analisis data dimulai dari tahap memilih dan mengodifikasi data, menganalisis data sesuai dengan fitur musiknya masing-masing, dan tahap menarik kesimpulan serta verifikasi. Dari data lagu yang diambil sebagai sampel penelitian, terlihat bahwa pola ritmis, melodis, interval, tempo, hingga rentang nada belum laik  dinyanyikan oleh anak-anak. Pemaksaan anak-anak untuk meniru lagu tersebut dapat berakibat fatal seperti kerusakan pita suara, kram otot rahang. Akhirnya, disarankan agar partisipan seni, dan juga Demikian juga jaringan infrastuktur seni, harus dapat memiliki pandangan yang sama dan kuat  dalam pengembangan seni musik di Indonesia, khususnya untuk lagu anak-anak. Kata Kunci: lagu anak-anak, lagu perjuangan, lagu orang dewasa, struktur musik

  20. KOSAKATA SISTEM PERTANIAN TRADISIONAL SUNDA: KAJIAN STRUKTUR DAN MAKNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Setyadi Aras

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Identity of Indonesia as agrarian country begins fading. A lot of the traditional farmers change their job to industrial sectors then impacting on behavior patterns of society to the environment and reducing the knowledge and skills in the traditional farming. The issues examined are the vocabulary of Sundanese traditional agricultural systems by using study the structure and semantics. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive method. This research applies some theories from Djajasudarma (2009 and 2013, Kridalaksana (2005, and Ramlan (1991. The results of this study that a category of vocabulary of Sundanese traditional agriculture systems divide into four classes, verbs and verbal, nouns and nominal, numeralia, derivative formand adjectives. The structure divides into two forms; base form and derivative form. Derivative form has four types, affixation, reduplication, acronym, and the combined of word. The meaning of vocabulary referring to tools and equipment, cultivation activities, circumstances and conditions of paddy, planting, place and crock, time, traditional ceremonies, community leaders’ rice pests, and size or dosage. ABSTRAK Identitas Indonesia sebagai negara agraris mulai luntur. Tidak sedikit petani tradisional beralih pekerjaan ke sektor industri sehingga berdampak pada pola perilaku masyarakat terhadap lingkungan serta mengikis pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam tata cara bertani tradisional. Masalah yang diteliti adalah kosakata sistem pertanian tradisional berbahasa Sunda dengan menggunakan kajian struktur dan makna. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teori yang digunakan yaitu teori Djajasudarma (2009 dan 2013, Kridalaksana (2005, dan Ramlan (1991 . Berdasarkan penelitian, diketahui empat kelas kata yang ditemukan, yaitu verba(l, nomina(l, numeralia, dan adjektiva. Struktur kosakata ada dua bentuk, yaitu bentuk dasar dan turunan. Bentuk turunan ada empat, yaitu berdasarkan

  1. Atmospheric Chemistry of CH3CH2OCH3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mads Peter Sulbæk; Bjørn Svendsen, Sissel; Østerstrøm, Freja From

    2017-01-01

    The atmospheric chemistry of methyl ethyl ether, CH3CH2OCH3, was examined using FT-IR/relative-rate methods. Hydroxyl radical and chlorine atom rate coefficients of k(CH3CH2OCH3+OH) = (7.53 ± 2.86) × 10−12 cm3 molecule−1 s−1 and k(CH3CH2OCH3+Cl) = (2.35 ± 0.43) × 10−10 cm3 molecule−1 s−1 were...

  2. Millennials och baby boomers attityder till fake news : Generationernas upplevelser av nyhetsmediers sanningshalt

    OpenAIRE

    Adolfsson, Claes; Strömberg, Markus; Stenberg, John

    2017-01-01

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att ta reda på generationerna millennials och baby boomers inställning till mediernas sanningshalt och politiska neutralitet. Detta gjordes med hjälp av följande frågeställningar: Vilka attityder och vilken inställning har millennials och baby boomers till nyhetsmediernas sanningshalt? Finns skillnader och likheter kvar när vi väger in variablerna kön och politiskt ställningstagande?   För att definiera generationerna använde vi oss av Cliff Zukins generationsteor...

  3. Higher Ground : Stevie Wonder och New Age

    OpenAIRE

    Nyman, Jonas

    2005-01-01

    Syftet med min uppsats är att jämföra religiösa företeelser från tre av Stevie Wonders album med New Age för att på så sätt uttröna om Stevie Wonders texter påverkats av New Age- föreställningar. Jag hittar både skillnader och likheter när jag jämför det religiösa budskapet i Stevie Wonders texter med New Age. De New Age- företeelser som går att hitta i texterna är få i förhållande till New Age i sin helhet och det är svårt att avgöra vilka influenser som kommer ifrån Stevie Wonder, New Age ...

  4. Teoretisk och praktisk genomgång av IPv6 och dess säkerhetsaspekter

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, David

    2012-01-01

    Den här uppsatsen går teoretiskt och praktiskt igenom IPv6 för att skapa en förståelse för det nya protokollet. Uppsatsen beskriver utöver den teoretiska genomgången av protokollet även det praktiska arbete som ligger bakom implementationen som är tänkt att kunna ge såväl privatpersoner som mindre organisationer tillgång till en säker IPv6 lösning även om Internetleverantören endast kan erbjuda IPv4.   Arbetet är gjort på eget initiativ då behovet av kunskap kring IPv6 växer lavinartat och då...

  5. Thermal decomposition of FC(O)OCH3 and FC(O)OCH2CH3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berasategui, M; Argüello, G A; Burgos Paci, M A

    2018-05-09

    The thermal decomposition of methyl and ethyl formates has been extensively studied due to their importance in the oxidation of several fuels, pesticidal properties and their presence in interstellar space. We hitherto present the study of the thermal decomposition of methyl and ethyl fluoroformates, which could help in the elucidation of the reaction mechanisms. The reaction mechanisms were studied using FTIR spectroscopy in the temperature range of 453-733 K in the presence of different pressures of N2 as bath gas. For FC(O)OCH3 two different channels were observed; the unimolecular decomposition which is favored at higher temperatures and has a rate constant kFC(O)OCH3 = (5.3 ± 0.5) × 1015 exp[-(246 ± 10 kJ mol-1/RT)] (in units of s-1) and a bimolecular channel with a rate constant kFC(O)OCH3 = (1.6 ± 0.5) × 1011 exp[-(148 ± 10 kJ mol-1/RT)] (in units of s-1 (mol L)-1). However for ethyl formate, only direct elimination of CO2, HF and ethylene operates. The rate constants of the homogeneous first-order process fit the Arrhenius equation kFC(O)OCH2CH3 = (2.06 ± 0.09) × 1013 exp[-(169 ± 6 kJ mol-1/RT)] (in units of s-1). The difference between the mechanisms of the two fluoroformates relies on the stabilization of a six-centered transition state that only exists for ethyl formate. First principles calculations for the different channels were carried out to understand the dynamics of the decomposition.

  6. Surdegsbröd och jästbröd : skillnad i smak och GI-värde

    OpenAIRE

    Björkman, Andreas; Jeppsson, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Inledning: Surdeg är idag en trend som fångats av många och de flesta bagerier ochdagligvarubutiker säljer bröd som kallas för surdegsbröd. Ett traditionellt surdegsbröd är ettbröd där surdegen används som enda hävningsmedel i brödet. Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka skillnader i sensoriska egenskaper, utifrån ettkonsumentperspektiv, samt GI-värde mellan surdegsbröd, jästbröd och bröd bakat på bådesurdeg och jäst. Material och metod: Metoderna som användes var två olika konsumenttester för att...

  7. AKUMULASI TIMBAL (PB DAN STRUKTUR STOMATA DAUN PURING (CODIAEUM VARIEGATUM LAM. BLUME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susi Sulistiana

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman mempunyai kemampuan untuk mengatasi atau mengeliminir pencemaran udara yang terjadi di kota, salah satunya adalah tanaman puring. Stomata adalah salah satu organ tumbuhan yang digunakan untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungannya. Fungsi utama stomata adalah sebagai tempat pertukaran gas, seperti CO2 yang diperlukan oleh tumbuhan dalam proses fotosintesis. Namun, stomata juga bertindak sebagai salah satu jalur masuknya polutan khususnya polutan yang berasal dari udara. Untuk mempertegas pengaruh akumulasi timbal terhadap daun tanaman puring secara morfologi yang telah dilakukan oleh Sulistiana dan Setijorini tahun 2014, perlu dilakukan penelitian lanjutan dengan melakukan pengamatan anatomi daun terutama struktur stomata daun tanaman puring. Penelitian bertujuan membandingkan struktur stomata antar kultivar puring dan membuktikan adanya hubungan antara akumulasi timbal (Pb dengan struktur stomata daun dari beberapa kultivar puring. Bahan penelitian yang digunakan adalah daun segar dari 13 kultivar tanaman puring yang ditanam di Perumahan Batan Indah, Kecamatan Kademangan, Tangerang Selatan. Pengamatan struktur stomata daun dilakukan dengan cara pembuatan preparat paradermal Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian meliputi jumlah stomata, jumlah sel epidermis, panjang stomata, lebar stomata, indeks stomata, dan kerapatan stomata. Hasil yang diperoleh adanya korelasi positif antara kadar Pb dan struktur stomata daun kultivar puring melalui parameter-paramater yang diamati terutama jumlah stomata, lebar stomata, indeks stomata, dan kerapatan stomata.

  8. PENGARUH STRUKTUR AKTIVA, PERPUTARAN MODAL DAN PENDANAAN TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PERUSAHAAN FARMASI

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    Fitri Rahmiyatun

    2016-10-01

    ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kebijakan modal kerja yang terdiri dari struktur aktiva, perputaran modal kerja dan pendanaan modal kerja terhadap profitabilitas pada perusahaan farmasi yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Populasi penelitian ini adalah perusahaan farmasi yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2005 sampai dengan 2015 yang berjumlah 10 perusahaan. Sedangkan sampel penelitian ini adalah dua perusahaan yaitu PT. Kimia Farma yang mewakili perusahaan milik BUMN dan PT.Kalbe Farma yang mewakili perusahaan swasta. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa: (1 struktur aktiva berpengaruh positif dan sangat signifikan terhadap profitabilitas; (2 pendanaan modal kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap profitabilitas, dan (3 struktur aktiva dan pendanaan modal kerja secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap profitabilitas.Implikasinya adalah bahwa perusahaan yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia khususnya PT. Kimia Farma dan PT. Kalbe Farma harus meningkatkan secara optimal struktur aktiva karena berpengaruh sangat signifikan terhadap profitabilitas. Peningkatan struktur aktiva akan berdampak baik terhadap kinerja perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut. Hal ini sangat relevan mengingat masih minimnya penelitian di bidang ini.   Kata kunci: Perputaran Modal Kerja, Pendanaan Modal Kerja Dan Profitabilitas.

  9. Pengaruh Growth Opportunity, Liquidity, Profitability, dan Tangibility terhadap Struktur Modal pada Perusahaan Manufaktur yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Artika Hemdi

    2015-01-01

    Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pengaruh komponen growth opportunity, liquidity, profitability, dan tangibility terhadap struktur modal pada perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh komponen growth opportunity, liquidity, profitability, dan tangibility terhadap struktur modal. Hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah komponen growth opportunity, liquidity, profitability, d...

  10. Psikoanalisa Islam, Menggali Struktur Psikis Manusia dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Lalu Heri Afrizal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Teori Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud dalam kajian psikologi modern cukup dominan mewarnai ilmu pengetahuan secara umum yang berbicara tentang manusia, seperti kedokteran, filsafat, agama, seni, sastra, antropologi, maupun politik. Padahal teori-teori Freud tentang konsep manusia, yang menjadi basis utama dalam mengkaji prilaku dan kejiwaan manusia, sangat dipengaruhi oleh doktrin ateisme yang dianutnya. Kondisi ini tentu sangat memprihatinkan. Sebab, ketika psikologi semacam ini diajarkan dan diyakini oleh umat Islam yang belum sadar terhadap paradigma psikologi modern, maka akan menjadi masalah. Padahal doktrin-doktrin di dalamnya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Sementara itu, kajian-kajian ilmuwan Muslim kontemporer mengenai hal ini belum banyak mewarnai. Oleh karena itu,sangat diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai ilmu psikologi yang berbasis pandangan hidup Islam, sehingga ditemukan konsep manusia yang utuh dan islami. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji permasalahan psikologi melalui kajian tematis-analitis terhadap teks-teks al-Qur’an dan al-Hadits. Sebagai perbandingan, kajian dimulai dengan mengungkap konsep manusia menurut Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud, kemudian disusul pembahasan tentang struktur psikis manusia menurut Islam.

  11. STRUKTUR RANGKA RUANG BAJA SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG LANTAI ATAS

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    Huthudi Huthudi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A one level space, which lies between two buildings of two levels. This one level room, has to be designed to be two levels. The function of this one level, a space of 12 x 12 square meters, is a boxing training hall. This building is a part off sports facilities buildings in the Pajajaran street of Bandung. The budget for the development is very low, so it needs to minimise the expenses. The abstackle for this development are for example : the existing walls, and foundation must not be changed. Especially the roof, which will be elevated to the upper floor. And last but not least the time limit of construction is fixed at maximum 3 months, or 12 weeks only. The structure of this first level, must gives the impression of being light, but solid. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Sebuah ruang berlantai satu yang terletak bersebelahan dengan bangunan 2 lantai, harus ditingkatkan menjadi 2 lantai. Bangunan satu lantai ini berfungsi sebagai ruang latih tinju yang berukuran 12 x 12 meter, dan merupakan sebagian ruang suatu komplek olah raga di jalan Pajajaran Bandung. Biaya pembangunan amatlah kecil, hingga memerlukan penghematan secara maksimal. Beberapa kendala dalam penambahan ruang terdapat di sini misalnya, dinding diusahakan tidak dibongkar apalagi pondasi, terutama rangka atap akan dipakai kembali. Dan yang terutama adalah waktu pembangunan disediakan sebanyak 3 bulan atau 12 minggu. Kesan fisik ruang bawah harus ringan , namun kokoh serta kuat. Kata kunci: pendukung lantai, struktur rangka ruang, estetika, kokoh dan kuat.

  12. Determinan Permodalan Bank Melalui Profitabilitas, Risiko, Ukuran Perusahaan, Efisiensi Dan Struktur Aktiva

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    Sugeng Haryanto

    2016-08-01

      Penelitian ini menganalisis kausalitas antara CAR, profitabilitas, risiko, ukuran perusahaan, efisiensi dan struktur aset industri perbankan. Teknik sampling yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling dengan kriteria bank telah go public sebelum 2008 dan menerbitkan laporan keuangan 2008-2013. Total sampel adalah 23 bank. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh profitabilitas, risiko, ukuran perusahaan, efisiensi dan struktur modal dari aset bank. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa profitabilitas, ukuran dan struktur aktiva memiliki dampak positif terhadap CAR. Sementara itu, risiko bank memiliki dampak negatif terhadap CAR. Efisiensi tidak berdampak pada CAR. Kontribusi penelitian ini untuk pengelolaan industri perbankan, peneliti dan regulator (Bank Indonesia adalah bahwa ada suatu keharusan untuk meningkatkan rasio kecukupan modal dalam rangka meningkatkan daya saing perbankan nasional.

  13. Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare

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    Ingemar Johansson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1 ledarskapsideal, (2 kollegialt stöd, (3 ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4 begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: "Ledarskapsparadox" speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL.

  14. Vad och hur gör de? − att synliggöra lärande i grundskolans slöjdpraktik via videoetnografi och mikroanalys

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    Marléne Johansson

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Artikeln bygger på resultat och erfarenheter av etnografiskt insamlade videoinspelningar från grundskolans slöjdundervisning utgående från tre studier; dels vid ett projekt med förstudier under slutet av 1990-talet (Johansson, 1996, dels vid avhandlingsprojektet Slöjdpraktik i skolan (Johansson, 2002 och dels inom forskningsprojektet Kommunikation och lärande i slöjdpraktiker, (”Komolär-projektet”, under 2005−2010 (Lindström, Borg, Johansson & Lindberg, 2003.Att insamla empiri i autentiska slöjdmiljöer är av intresse då lärandesituationer kan synliggöras när elever med hjälp av material och redskap arbetar med att tillverka artefakter. Utifrån detaljerade analyser av slöjdaktiviteter går det att upptäcka det som utspelar sig och möjligheter ges att uppfatta något annat jämfört med vad man kan tro känna väl eller ha förenklade och till och med felaktiga uppfattningar om. Videoobservationer möjliggör att antaganden istället görs på empiriskt grundat datamaterial. Med risk att videofilma och analysera det man tror sig veta och söka har forskningsprojektens insamlingar mer förutsättningslöst arbetat efter vad och hur elever och lärare gör i slöjdpraktik och vad man får veta när slöjdaktiviteter analyseras mer ingående. Videomaterialen har analyserats både på en mer övergripande nivå och detaljerat med hjälp av mikroanalyser. Därefter har lärandet synliggjorts och beskrivits bland annat i teman för att visa hur personerna är resurser för varandra och hur lärandet utvecklas genom olika språkanvändning och med slöjdpraktikens fysiska redskap och material.Sökord: metod, slöjd, klassrumsforskning, videoetnografi, mikroanalysURN:NBN:no-29955

  15. Employer branding. : - En fallstudie vid Sandvik AB om uppfattningar av begreppet employer branding och hur detta tillämpas idag och i framtiden.

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Johan

    2012-01-01

    Employer branding är ett begrepp som är aktuellt bland företagen just nu och allt fler väljer att satsa på employer branding som marknadsföringsstrategi. Den här studien handlar om employer branding på Sandvik och begreppet employer branding.Syftet med denna fallstudie av en global koncern är att förklara och beskriva begreppet employerbranding, samt hur man arbetar med detta och vilka framtidsvisioner man har på Sandvik.Studien genomfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med ett antal ny...

  16. Identifikasi Struktur Bawah Permukaaan Pada Lapangan Panasbumi X Dengan Menggunakan Metode Audio Magnetotelurik Dan Magnetotelurik

    OpenAIRE

    Dewi, Cinantya Nirmala; Maryanto, Sukir; Gaffar, Eddy Z

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian geofisika dengan menggunakan metode audio magnetotelurik dan magnetotelurik telah dilaksanakan di lapangan panasbumi X. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi struktur bawah permukaan dan menentukan sistem panasbumi di daerah penelitian. Daerah penelitian terdiri dari 3 lintasan dengan jumlah titik pengukuran sebanyak 24 titik. Pengolahan data dilakukan hingga didapatkan peta kontur resistivitas. Hasil pengolahan data 2D menunjukkan bahwa nilai resistivitas lapisan bawah p...

  17. Analisis Struktur Kristal Lifepo4 Olivine Sebagai Bahan Katoda Batere Li-Ion

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    Indra Gunawan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sintesis LiFePO4 dilakukan dengan pencampuran LiCl, FeCl2.4H2O dan H3PO4 ekuimolar ke dalam air. Homogenasi larutan dilakukan dengan pengaduk magnetic pada suhu 60o C. Prekursor LiFePO4 diperoleh setelah pemanasan 200o C dengan furnace selama 2 jam. Sintering prekursor LiFePO4 dilakukan pada suhu 700o C dengan furnace selama 4 jam dengan aliran N2 untuk membentuk fasa kristalit LiFePO4. Kemurnian fasa dan struktur kristal dianalisis dengan menggunakan XRD. Analisis struktur kristal dari pola difraksi sinar-X dilakukan dengan perangkat lunak FULLPROF. Pengamatan morfologinya dilakukan dengan menggunakan SEM dengan kombinasi energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS dan pengukuran gugus fungsional dengan FT-IR. Hasil analisis struktur kristal menunjukkan bahwa senyawa LiFePO4 memiliki struktur Kristal orthorhombic, space group 62, simbol Pnma (Hermann-Mauguin dengan parameter kisi a= 6.0019999, b= 10.330000, c= 4.6999998. 

  18. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan terhadap Nilai Perusahaan dengan Kinerja Keuangan dan Kebijakan Hutang sebagai Variabel Intervening

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    Dewi Kusuma Wardani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to determine the influence of ownership structure on firm value of financial performance and debt policy as an intervening variable. Data used in this research is secondary data obtained from the OSIRIS database and indexes that are the result of previous research. This study used the path analysis conducted using the Eviews 6.0 and SPSS 17 programs. From the results of data analysis can be concluded that in Indonesia (1 the ownership structure proxied by insider ownership has no relationship with debt policy; (2 the ownership structure proxied by insider ownership has relationship with financial performance; (3 debt policy has not affect stock prices, as a proxy of firm value; (4 there is a positive influence on financial performance with corporate values; and (5 there is no influence of ownership structure on corporate value through debt policy and financial performance as an intervening variable.Keywords: ownership structure, firm value, debt policy, financial performanceAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh struktur kepemilikan terhadap kinerja keuangan yang mana kebijakan hutang sebagai variabel intervening. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari database OSIRIS dan indeks yang merupakan hasil dari penelitian sebelumnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis jalur (path analysis yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan program Eviews 6.0 dan program SPSS 17. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa di Indonesia (1 struktur kepemilikan yang ditunjukkan oleh insider ownership tidak memiliki hubungan dengan kebijakan utang; (2 struktur kepemilikan yang ditunjukkan oleh insider ownership memiliki hubungan dengan kinerja keuangan, (3 kebijakan hutang tidak mempengaruhi nilai perusahaan yang diproksi oleh harga saham; (4 ada pengaruh positif kinerja keuangan terhadap nilai perusahaan, dan (5 tidak ada pengaruh struktur kepemilikan terhadap nilai perusahaan melalui kebijakan

  19. Barbröstade grabbar, med färgat hår och litervis med öl : En analys av Aftonbladets skildring av herr- och damfotboll i Herr-VM 2006 och Dam-VM 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Mårtensson, Henning

    2012-01-01

    I den här uppsatsen har jag undersökt hur män och kvinnor framställs i bild och text i Aftonbladets rapportering från herrarnas fotbolls-VM i Tyskland 2006 och damernas fotbolls-VM i Kina 2007. Mitt syfte var att titta på hur konstrueringen av en nationell diskurs skiljer sig åt i texterna om dam- och herrfotboll, om det finns någon tydlig manlig och kvinnlig diskurs på bilderna, samt hur väl min undersökning stämmer in på beprövade genusteorier. För att kunna besvara mitt syfte använde jag m...

  20. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK DAN KINERJA AGROINDUSTRI PANGAN LOKAL SAGU DI PROPINSI MALUKU: SUATU PENDEKATAN MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL

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    Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela

    2014-07-01

    berlangsung baik dan lancar. Hasil analisis terhadap pengukuran indeks struktural statistik seperti indeks pengukuran GFI (0,901, AGFI (0,857, TLI (0,994, CFI (0,995, CMIN/DF (1,022, RMSEA (0,015, probabilitas (0,423 dan nilai χ2 (84,834. Data tersebut berada dalam rentang nilai yang diharapkan memenuhi kriteria. Kata kunci:  Manajemen rantai pasok, kinerja agroindustri, pangan lokal, dan model persamaan struktural

  1. Pemanfaatan TKKS Sebagai Pengisi Komposit Epoxy Untuk Struktur Bergerak Mesin CNC Perkayuan

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    Farkhan

    2017-04-01

    , namun mesin CNC perkayuan umumnya dibangun dengan struktur logam yang berat, baik untuk struktur penopang maupun struktur bergeraknya. Kenyataannya, bahan baku kayunya sendiri jauh lebih ringan ketimbang struktur yang menggerakkannya. Dinamika gerakan pada struktur bergerak yang berat ini menyebabkan pemborosan daya dan getaran berlebih yang mempengaruhi ketelitian, keawetan pahat potong, dan produktivitas. Penelitian ini mengembangkan bahan komposit ringan baru dengan memanfaatkan sumber terbarukan dari limbah tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS sebagai bahan pengisinya dengan matriks polimer epoxy untuk dibangun sebagai struktur bergerak mesin CNC perkayuan metode permesinan cepat 3 dimensi, untuk meningkatkan unjuk kerja dinamiknya. Analisa perbandingan menunjukkan bahan ini memiliki unjuk kerja dinamik lebih baik pada proses permesinan cepat ketimbang menggunakan besi tuang sebagai bahan tradisionalnya.

  2. Lämplighetsbedömningar av unga kvinnor och män – Värme- och kompetensdimensionernas betydelse i rekrytering

    OpenAIRE

    Rönnblad, Charlotta

    2013-01-01

    I frågan om social bedömning av andra individer och grupper utgör värme och kompetens två centrala dimensioner. Värme syftar på hur snäll, vänlig och omtänksam en person är, dess funktion är att bedöma vad personens avsikt är. Kompetens tyder på hur intelligent, självsäker och rationell en person är, dess funktion är att bedöma hur kapabel personen är att utföra avsikterna. Vanligtvis attribueras män utgående från kompetensdimensionen och kvinnor från värmedimensionen. Utgående från teorin om...

  3. Konflikten mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv : En kvalitativ studie om småbarnsföräldrars upplevelser av psykisk hälsa och balans i tillvaron

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlzén, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    Dagens arbetsliv ställer helt andra krav på individen än förr. På arbetsmarknaden krävs flexibilitet och eget ansvar, där individen förväntas kunna arbeta när som helst och var som helst. Dessa faktorer har bidragit till en obalans mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv som kan orsaka olika former av ohälsa. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur småbarnsföräldrar upplever sin psykiska hälsa i relation till balansen mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv. Studien bygger på en kvalitativ metod och dat...

  4. ANALISIS KEKUATAN MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADA MATERIAL POLIMER PENYUSUN KIPAS RADIATOR

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    Ery Diniardi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia yang kaya bahan baku untuk industri mempunyai potensi yang besar untuk menghasilkan produk industri lokal satunya adalah polimer. Pemanfaatan polimer mengalami pemanfaatan yang sangat pesat, terutama pada industri otomotif. Polimer dibedakan menjadi 4 macam, menurut sifat masing-masing bahan tersebut, diantaranya adalah thermoplastik, thermoset, elastomer dan thermoplastik elastomer. Dalam penelitian ini untuk mengetahui mutu dan unsur dari bahan polimer, khususnya pada kipas radiator. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah pengujian tarik, impak dan struktur mikro (identifikasi pada bahan polimer. Hasil uji tarik pada berbagai tingkat temperatur tarik menunjukan perbedaan yang signifikan, namun demikian regangan patah pada temperatur uji 90oC mempunyai nilai jauh lebih besar dibandingkan pada temperatur uji 24oC, demikian halnya dengan hasil uji impak. Hasil indentifikasi struktur mikro bahan tersebut diketahui sebagai polipropilen (PP.

  5. ANALISIS STRUKTUR MIKRO LAPISAN BOND COAT NIAL THERMAL BARRIER COATING (TBC PADA PADUAN LOGAM BERBASIS CO

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    Toto Sudiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kehandalan dan umur pakai sistem Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC ditentukan oleh kestabilan lapisan bond coat dan thermal grown oxide (TGO. Sehingga sangatlah penting untuk memahami mekanisme pembentukan dan degradasi lapisan ini. Pada makalah ini akan dibahas analisis struktur mikro lapisan bond coat NiAl yang dideposisikan pada substrat CoCrNi dengan menggunakan gabungan metoda electroplating dan pack-cementation. Pada makalah ini juga dibahas mekanisme pembentukan void disepanjang interface bond coat¬-substrat setelah tes oksidasi.

  6. PENGARUH FREE CASH FLOW DAN STRUKTUR KEMPEMILIKAN TERHADAP DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO

    OpenAIRE

    Jurica Lucyanda; Lilyana -

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji bagaimana free cash flow dan struktur kepemilikan berpengaruh terhadap dividend payout ratio pada perusahaan nonkeuangan yang terdaftar pada Bursa Efek Indonesia. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Penelitian ini menggunakan data empiris dari Bursa Efek Indonesia dengan sampel sebanyak 70 perusahaan per tahun untuk tiga periode (2007-2009). Berdasarkan hasil pengujian, ditemukan bahwa variabel yang mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhad...

  7. Struktur-Eigenschaftsbeziehungen in smektischen Flüssigkristallen vom de Vries-Typ

    OpenAIRE

    Nonnenmacher, Dorothee

    2014-01-01

    Ziel dieser Arbeit war es, ein besseres physikalisches Verständnis der Struktur-Eigenschaftsbeziehungen in smektischen Flüssigkristallen vom de Vries-Typ zu erarbeiten und damit eine Basis für rationale Synthesestrategien dieser wissenschaftlich wie technologisch interessanten Materialklasse zu schaffen. Im Sinne dieser Zielvorstellung wurden drei Aspekte bearbeitet: Der Mechanismus der Phasenumwandlung SmA - SmC vom de Vries-Typ, das rationale Design smektischer Flüssigkristalle vom de Vries...

  8. Analisis Keandalan Struktur Padeye Berdasarkan Konfigurasi Rigging pada Lifting Upper Deck Modul Modec dengan Pendekatan Dinamik

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    Iqbal Gayuh Raharjaning Mukti Sumarsono

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Di dalam perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang fabrikasi, lifting merupakan salah satu tahapan terpenting dalam membangun bangunan lepas pantai sehingga diperlukan perhitungan dan analisis tambahan untuk memperhatikan apakah struktur tersebut aman ataupun tidak. Sekenario lifting berdasarkan konfigurasi rigging dapat dibuat untuk menentukan rigging equipment yang tepat. Pada kasus ini, struktur yang di-lifting adalah struktur upper deck dari modul MODEC yang dikerjakan oleh PT. GPS Batam. Deck ini memiliki panjang sekitar 19,5 m dan lebar 9 m. Berat total struktur dengan equipment sebesar 55 ton. Konfigurasi rigging yang akan digunakan ada tiga, yaitu Model A (tanpa spreader bar, Model B (satu spreader bar, dan Model C (dua spreader bar. Dari ketiga konfigurasi tersebut akan diperoleh dimensi padeye yang berbeda- beda. Model A, Model B, dan Model C memiliki diameter hole padeye masing-masing sebesar 74 mm, 65 mm, dan 52 mm. Tegangan dan UC tertinggi sama- sama terjadi pada Model A sebesar 17625,99 psi dan untuk UC sebesar 0,52. Tetapi hal ini berbanding terbalik apabila ditinjau dari daerah lubang. Tegangan ataupun UC yang lebih tinggi jatuh pada Model C yang menggunakan dua spreader bar sebesar 13936,58 psi dan nilai UC sebesar 0,45. Tegangan yang terjadi di attachments maupun sekitar hole dijadikan variabel dalam mencari keandalan yang terjadi pada tiap padeye dengan metode Mean value first order second moment (MVFOSM. Sehingga didapatkan Probality of Failure (PoF pada attachments padeye pada Model A, B, dan C masing- masing sebesar 0,126%, 0,064 %, dan 0,0001 %. Sedangkan PoF pada hole padeye sebesar 0,062% untuk Model A, 0,10 % untuk Model B, dan 0,23% untuk Model C.

  9. Pengaruh Struktur Audit, Konflik Peran, dan Ketidakjelasan Peran terhadap Kinerja Auditor

    OpenAIRE

    Hanif, Rheny Afriana

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji dan memperoleh bukti empiris mengenaipengaruh struktur audit, konflik peran, dan ketidakjelasan peran terhadap kinerjaauditor.Penelitian ini dilakukan di Jawa Timur dengan responden auditor yang bekerjapada Kantor Akuntan Publik Jawa Timur sesuai dengan Directory KantorAkuntan Publik yang dikeluarkan oleh IAI. Pengambilan sample dilakukandengan tehnik proportionate stratified random sampling yang didasarkan padadua strata yaitu partner dan staf audit. Pe...

  10. Struktur Komunitas Fitoplankton di Perairan yang Terdampak Air Bahang PLTU Paiton Kabupaten Probolinggo Jawa Timur

    OpenAIRE

    Muzaki, Farid Kamal; Aunurohim, Aunurohim; Indraswari, Boing

    2015-01-01

    PLTU Paiton merupakan salah satu pembangkit listrik tenaga uap menggunakan air sebagai pendingin kondensor kemudian dikembalikan lagi ke perairan sekitar sebagai air bahang, sehingga akan memberikan input panas bagi perairan. Meningkatnya suhu perairan akibat air bahang ini, secara langsung maupun tidak langsung akan berpengaruh terhadap komponen biotik dan abiotik penyusun ekosistem laut, salah satu yang akan terpengaruh adalah fitoplankton yakni berupa struktur komunitas yang meliputi keane...

  11. Benthic processes on and around artificial structures in Swedish coastal waters; Bentiska processer paa och runt artificiella strukturer i Sveriges kustvatten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malm, Torleif (Stockholms Universitet, Stockholms marina forskningscentrum (Sweden)); Engkvist, Roland (Linneuniversitetet, Institutionen foer Naturvetenskap, Vaexjoe (Sweden))

    2011-03-15

    Within the next few decades, wind farms with an extension of many square kilometres probably will be built in Swedish coastal waters. These installations may affect the ecological communities in various ways, e.g.; by the already known reef-effect, by changing the population structure of key predators such as fish and birds and thereby cause trophic cascades down into the benthic community or by causing changes in the hydrology that may benefit some species, mainly soft bottom species, while others may be disadvantaged. How the wind farms will affect the ecological communities depends probably very much on the initial conditions. During the period 2005-2009 a study was carried out with the aim to investigate the benthic community structure on hard bottoms, before and after larger wind farms have been constructed. The areas explored were Skottarevet in Kattegat, Lillgrund in Oeresund, Utgrunden II in southern Kalmar Strait, Kaarehamn off north-eastern Oeland and Klasaadern off south-western Gotland. For legal and economic reasons, only one farm, Lillgrund was constructed during the project period. Significant differences were found at both species and functional level. The largest divergence was found between the Kattegat and the Baltic Sea with large differences in species composition and in part also with other functional groups. Furthermore, between the Baltic Sea sites, significant differences were also found. The natural communities in the two straits had significantly higher biomass of blue mussels (M. edulis) per square meter compared with the open areas at Gotland and Oeland. In addition,the algal flora differed significantly. Filamentous brown algae favoured by eutrophication dominated the substrate in the straits while the bottoms along the open coastlines were covered with perennial red algae. The wind farm at Lillgrund affected the benthic communities moderately but significant. Mussels and barnacles colonized the surface of the towers and the granite stones in the scour protection quickly. The artificial and natural substrates had a similar community structure after two years. In contrast it seems like the bottom has been affected by the farm throughout the area. Compared with previous years, the natural substrates in 2009 had a larger biomass of mussels and barnacles and a lower biomass of filamentous algae. The differences, however, were small. The conclusion of this study is that wind power farms may potentially cause ecological effects in the benthic communities but as our study lack geographical and temporal extension, this conclusion is weak. As the abiotic conditions around our coasts shift, it is impossible to draw firm conclusions from one site. It is also difficult to draw conclusions from the short period after the construction of the farm. Meteorological and oceanographic processes not related to the wind farm may have contributed to the result

  12. Crystallization-induced dynamic resolution R-epimer from 25-OCH3-PPD epimeric mixture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Sainan; Tang, Yun; Cao, Jiaqing; Zhao, Chen; Zhao, Yuqing

    2015-11-15

    25-OCH3-PPD is a promising antitumor dammarane sapogenin isolated from the total saponin-hydrolyzed extract of Panax ginseng berry and Panax notoginseng leaves. 20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD was more potent as an anti-cancer agent than 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD and epimeric mixture of 25-OCH3-PPD. This paper describes the rapid separation process of the R-epimer of 25-OCH3-PPD from its epimeric mixture by crystallization-induced dynamic resolution (CIDR). The optimized CIDR process was based on single factor analysis and nine well-planned orthogonal design experiments (OA9 matrix). A rapid and sensitive reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with evaporative light-scattering detector (ELSD) was developed and validated for the quantitation of 25-OCH3-PPD epimeric mixture and crystalline product. Separation and quantitation were achieved with a silica column using a mobile phase consisting of methanol and water (87:13, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0mL/min. The ELSD detection was performed at 50°C and 3L/min. Under conditions involving 3mL of 95% ethanol, 8% HCl, and a hermetically sealed environment for 72h, the maximum production of 25(R)-OCH3-PPD was achieved with a chemical purity of 97% and a total yield of 87% through the CIDR process. The 25(R)-OCH3-PPD was nearly completely separated from the 220mg 25-OCH3-PPD epimeric mixture. Overall, a simple and steady small-batch purification process for the large-scale production of 25(R)-OCH3-PPD from 25-OCH3-PPD epimeric mixture was developed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Verksamhetsanalys, Planering och Utveckling av en webbtjänst

    OpenAIRE

    Kindstedt, Tomas

    2013-01-01

    Arbetet behandlar utvecklingsprocessen av programmet SECTMA, ett cirkeltränings-program designat för människor som utövar kampsporter. Programmet är designat för alla konditionsnivåer från toppidrottare till de som endast vill förbättra sin kondition. Arbetet är tudelat, i den första delen går jag igenom teori för STOF och Agile för att skapa en grund och en förståelse för hur jag vill utveckla programmet. Den andra delen följer med utvecklingsprocessen stegvis. STOF erbjuder ett ramverk...

  14. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Struktur Organisasi Pengelola Teknologi Informasi dengan Rencana Jangka Panjang Instansi (Studi Kasus pada Dinas XYZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Anwar Shodiq

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Setiap lembaga atau instansi memerlukan teknologi informasi (TI untuk mendukung banyak aktivitas dalam menangani proses bisnisnya. Untuk itu, dibutuhkan pengelolaan teknologi informasi yang ideal dan pembentukan struktur organisasi yang relevan dan dapat menjawab kebutuhan akan kelancaran proses bisnisnya. Tidak terkecuali pada Dinas XYZ sebagai lembaga pemerintahan yang bertugas sebagai pengelola pendidikan dan kebudayaan di tingkat provinsi. Dibutuhkan sebuah struktur organisasi pengelola teknologi informasi yang selaras dengan Rencana Jangka Panjang Instansi untuk mendukung tujuan bisnisnya. Dan ketika perencanaan strategis ini diperbaharui, struktur organisasi juga dituntut untuk diperbaharui mengikuti perubahan kebijakan yang baru. Untuk itu, diperlukan analisis komprehensif mengenai perancangan struktur organisasi yang ideal bagi Dinas XYZ ini, yang meliputi studi pendahuluan yang mengkaji literatur dan kondisi kekinian Dinas XYZ, identifikasi Business Goals, identifikasi IT Goals dan IT Process, penentuan struktur organisasi pengelola TI masa depan beserta tanggung jawab masing-masing bagian, dan analisis gap mengenai kondisi saat ini dan kebutuhan TI masa depan, yang semua itu disesuaikan dengan framework COBIT 4.1 sebagai acuan best practice bagi pengelolaan teknologi informasi.

  15. Balans mellan arbete och familjeliv : Ett vinnande koncept för alla

    OpenAIRE

    Holmgren, Viktor; Ajena, David

    2012-01-01

    Under de senaste årtionden har en stor förändring skett hos familjers olika sätt att förhålla sig till arbetslivet. Den traditionella arbetsdagen på 8-timmar är inte längre normen, och den framväxande informations- och kommunikations teknologin gör att en anställd kan få tillgång till allt arbete 24/7. En följd av dessa förändringar är att efterfrågan på familjerelaterande- och hushållsnäratjänster har ökat både för män och kvinnor. Rapporten har visat forskning och studier som påvisar att de...

  16. Ramverk för en drift- och underhållsstrategi ur ett regelstyrt infrastrukturperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Espling, Ulla

    2004-01-01

    Att förvalta statens järnvägar är en komplex uppgift där hänsyn måste tas till interna och externa faktorer och processer samtidigt som krav på effektivitet ställs från ägare, kunder och slutkunder. Banverket bildade 1988 genom att det affärsdrivande verket Statens Järnvägar delades i ett infrastrukturverk, Banverket, och ett trafikutövningsverk SJ. Vid tidpunkten för delningen var infrastrukturanläggningarna i stort behov av upprustning och förnyelse. Till att börja med tillämpades regelstyr...

  17. Förbättring av IKEAs Kvalitetstester och Hantering av Kundklagomål : - Köksluckor och Bänkskivor

    OpenAIRE

    Assbring, Lisa; Halilović, Elma

    2012-01-01

    IKEA grundades 1943 av Ingvar Kamprad och återförsäljs idag i 44 länder runt om i världen. Med den 25-års garanti på kök som IKEA erbjuder har det blivit allt viktigare för dem att bekräfta kvaliteten på kökssortimentet och hur tillfredsställd kunden är. Syftet med detta examensarbete har varit att identifiera de mest kritiska faktorerna för köksfronter och bänkskivor baserat på nuvarande kundklagomål och vilka testmetoder som kan användas för att testa dessa faktorer i produktutvecklingsproc...

  18. ADO.NET och Entity Framework : En jämförelse av prestanda mellan en objektorienterad databas och en relationsdatabas

    OpenAIRE

    Lindgren, Emelie; Andreasen, Ulrika

    2012-01-01

    Denna uppsats mäter och jämför prestanda mellan en objektorienterad databas och en relationsdatabas. Uppsatsen bygger på en utredande karaktär utifrån vår hypotes och vårt intresse att testa den.Hypotesen bygger på problematiken omkring mängden kod utvecklaren måste skriva för att kunna koppla ihop applikation med databas. En större mängd skriven kod som utvecklaren måste skriva borde göra att prestanda och svarstider blir långsammare. Därför ville vi undersöka om verktyg som medför en mindre...

  19. Från outsiderfilmmakare till etablerad indieregissör : David Lynch, Jim Jarmusch och Steven Soderbergh

    OpenAIRE

    Simberg, Maximilian

    2014-01-01

    Det här arbetet behandlar kreativ frihet och konstnärligt oberoende i filmskapande, utgående från begreppet independent film och regissörerna David Lynch, Jim Jarmusch och Steven Soderbergh. Den centrala frågeställningen är hur det har varit möjligt för en filmkonstnär att uppnå konstnärligt oberoende och samtidigt ha en långlivad och framgångsrik karriär. Arbetets fokus ligger på de tre regissörernas genombrottsfilmer; Eraserhead, Stranger Than Paradise och sex, lies, and videotape, och förs...

  20. PERBEDAAN VISUALISASI ATRIBUT DAN STRUKTUR TUBUH WAYANG KULIT PURWA PADA TOKOH ANTAREJA GAYA YOGYAKARTA DENGAN GAYA SURAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanang Prisandy

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendiskripsikan perbedakan visualisasi atribut dan struktur tubuh pada tokoh Antareja Yogyakarta dengan Surakarta. Sumber data utamanya adalah wayang kulit Antareja Yogyakarta dan Surakarta. hasil dari penelitian ini adalah perbedakan atribut dan struktur tubuh (sanggul, jamang , sumping, garuda mungkur, dewala, ulur-ulur, kelat bahu, gelang tangan, praba, sabuk/paningset, pending , badong, kampuh, uncal wastra, uncal kencana, kunca, seluar terluar, seluar panjang, krocong, muka, mata, mulut, hidung, badan, tangan, kaki pada Antareja Yogyakarta dengan Antareja Surakarta.

  1. UJI TOKSISITAS DAN PERUBAHAN STRUKTUR MIKROANATOMI INSANG IKAN NILA LARASATI (Oreochromis nilloticus YANG DIPAPAR TIMBAL ASETAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FAM Mulyani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Nilai LC50-96 jam pada uji toksisitas ikan Nila Larasati yang dipapar timbal; mengetahui perubahan struktur  mikroanatomi dan mengetahui pada konsentrasi berapa timbal menyebabkan perubahan struktur mikroanatomi insang. Sampel uji toksisitas sebanyak 120 ekor untuk mengetahui tingkat  kematian ikan hingga 50% dalam 96 jam, dan uji perlakuan sebanyak 80 ekor dengan konsentrasi 0 ppm; 259,51 ppm; 291,94 ppm; dan 324,38 ppm. Pada akhir minggu ke empat diambil sampel insang dan dilakukan analisis gambaran struktur mikroanatomi insang secara diskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan kerusakan edema 0%-25%, fusi lamela antara 1%-75%, hiperplasia 0%-50%, epithelial lifting 0%-50%, dan nekrosis 0%-50%. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa nilai  LC50-96 jam pada uji toksisitas ikan Nila Larasati sebesar 324,38 ppm dan mulai terjadi perubahan struktur mikroanatomi insang pada konsentrasi 259,51 ppm. The objective of thje study was to determine the value of LC50-96 hours in a toxicity test of Nila Larasati fish exposed to lead acetate; to determine the changes in the microanatomy structure and to determine the concentration of lead acetate which causes microanatomy structure changes in the gills of Nila Larasati fish. The samples were 120 fish to find out the 50% fish mortality within 96 hours, and 80 fish in treatment test with the lead acetate concentrations of 0 ppm; 259.51 ppm; 291.94 ppm; and 324.38 ppm. At the end of the 4th week of the research, the gill samples were taken and the analysis of the microanatomy structure was carried out descriptively. The result of the analysis showed that there were 0%-25% edema, 1%-75% lamella fusion, 0%-50% hyperplasia, 0%-50% epithelial lifting and 0%-50% necrosis. It was concluded that the value of LC50-96 hours in Nila Larasati fish toxicity test was 324.38 ppm; and microanatomy changes started to occur in the lead acetate concentration of 259.51 ppm. 

  2. MUSEUM TARI DI MAKASSAR DENGAN PENDEKATAN EKSPOSE STRUKTUR PADA FASAD BANGUNAN DAN PENERAPAN TEORI FRAKTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Arfan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Pentingnya museum tari di Makassar adalah untuk memperkenalkan budaya yang dimiliki di Sulawesi Selatan yang dapat dikenal oleh seluruh manca negara, serta parawisatawan dan semua orang untuk berkunjung. Tujuan penelitian non arsitektural ini adalah menampilkan unsur kebudayaan, sejarah serta memperkenalkan Tari Tradisional yang ada di Sulawesi Selatan, sedangkan tujuan arsitekturalnya adalah menentukan lokasi yang sesuai dengan keberadaan museum tari, merancang ruang-ruang yang dibutuhkan sesuai dengan standar Museum serta kebutuhan ruang untuk Museum seni tari, merancang museum tari yang dikaitkan dengan ekspos struktur pada fasad dan penggabungannya dengan teori fraktal, merancang penggunaan fasad bangunan,struktur, utilitas, penampilan bangunan, serta tranformasi bentuk pada museum tari dan merancang tata massa pada museum tari. Hasil laporan ini adalah mendesain bangunan museum tari di Makassar dengan pendekatan ekspos pada struktur fasade bangunan dan penerapan teori fraktal yang disesuaikan dengan standar dan kebutuhan ruang. Kata Kunci :Museum tari, struktur, fasad, fractal Abstract-The importance of dance in Makassar museum is to introduce a culture held in South Sulawesi, which can be known by all foreign countries, as well as parawisatawan and everyone to visit. The research objective non architecturally it is featuring elements of culture, history and introduce Traditional Dance in South Sulawesi, while the purpose of the architectural is to determine the location that corresponds to the existence of the museum of dance, designing spaces required in accordance with the standards Museum as well as the need for space for art museum dance, design a museum of dance that is associated with exposure to the facade structure and merger with fractal theory, designing the use of facades of buildings, structures, utilities, appearance of the building, as well as the transformation of the museum forms of dance and design the masses on

  3. Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel : underlagsrapporter 1-10

    OpenAIRE

    Carlén, Björn; Hultkrantz, Lars; Liu, Xing; Lunander, Anders; Mandell, Svante; Mellin, Anna; Nilsson, Jan-Eric; Pyddoke, Roger; Sorkina, Edith; Vierth, Inge

    2014-01-01

    VTI notat 28-2014 innehåller de tio underlagsrapporter som ligger till grund för VTI rapport 831: ”Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel – Sammanfattande rapport”. I VTI rapport 831 diskuterar forskarna flera dimensioner av hur växthusgaserna från godstransportsektorn ska kunna minskas, till exempel med hjälp av så kallade Gröna korridorer. Vidare diskuteras hur man ska se på de klimatpolitiska konsekvenserna av överflyttning från väg till järnväg eller elektrifierade fordon på v...

  4. Room-temperature plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition of SiOCH films using tetraethoxysilane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamaoka, K.; Yoshizako, Y.; Kato, H.; Tsukiyama, D.; Terai, Y.; Fujiwara, Y.

    2006-01-01

    Carbon-doped silicon oxide (SiOCH) thin films were deposited by room-temperature plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) using tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). The deposition rate and composition of the films strongly depended on radio frequency (RF) power. The films deposited at low RF power contained more CH n groups. The SiOCH films showed high etch rate and low refractive index in proportion to the carbon composition. The deposition with low plasma density and low substrate temperature is effective for SiOCH growth by PECVD using TEOS

  5. STRUKTUR TINGKAT TROFIK KOMUNITAS IKAN DI WADUK WADASLINTANG KABUPATEN WONOSOBO, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoirul Fatah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Waduk Wadas lintang memiliki potensi perikanan yang cukup besar baik perikanan tangkap maupun perikanan budidaya. Kegiatan penangkapan ikan di waduk Wadaslintang saat ini sudah cukup tinggi, yang akan berdampak langsung pada struktur komunitas ikan yang menyebabkan pergeseran pola hubungan antara pemangsa,mangsa atau pesaing pada berbagai tingkat trofik. Tujuan penelitian ini untukmengetahui pola hubungan antar kelompok ikan berdasarkan tingkat trofik dari tingkat trofik terendah sampai kepada ikan karnivor, sehingga diperoleh gambaran peran kelompok ikan dalam komunitas. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan April, Juni, September dan Nopember 2013 di perairan waduk Wadaslintang. Analisa data mencakup komposisi hasil tangkapan dan kebiasaan makan ikan serta tingkat trofik komunitas ikan. Analisis sidik ragam untuk mengetahui perbedaan antar tingkat trofik. Ikan contoh diperoleh dari nelayan dengan alat tangkap jaring, mulai dari ukuran 0,75 – 4,5 inchi. Hasil penelitian diketemukan sebanyak 15 jenis ikan yang didominasi oleh ikan nila dengan persentase berat mencapai 56,45%. Struktur komunitas ikan di perairan waduk Wadaslintang tersusun atas tiga kelompok tingkat trofik yaitu ikan patin, nila, tawes dan nilem mempunyai jenjang trofik terendah (3,5. Kelompok ikan pada tingkat trofik rendah 3.5. Fish group on trophic level < 2.5 levels is very important group in supporting good community structure in Wadaslintang reservoir as a way to sustainability of populaion oh the other groups with higher trophic level.

  6. PENENTU-PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL PERUSAHAAN YANG SAHAMNYA MASUK JAKARTA ISLAMIC INDEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astiwi Indriani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi struktur modal (Debt to Equity Ratio/DER perusahaan yang sahamnya aktif dalam Jakarta Islamic Index periode tahun 2003-2005, dengan menggunakan variabel pertumbuhan penjualan, pertumbuhan aset, Return on Asset (ROA, ukuran perusahaan serta likuiditas. Penentuan struktur modal perusahaan yang efeknya masuk kategori efek syariah merupakan kebijakan yang diambil manajemen untuk memperoleh sumber dana yang dapat digunakan perusahaan secara maksimal dengan memenuhi ketentuan syariah. Dengan purposive sampling didapatkan sampel sebanyak 11 perusahaan. Hasil regresi menunjukkan bahwa ROA berpengaruh negatif, dan ukuran perusahaan (size firm  berpengaruh positif terhadap DER.This study investigates the factors that influence capital structure i.e. debt to equity ratio (DER. Sales growth, asets growth, Return on Aset (ROA, firm size and liquidity are used as independent variable The determination of capital structure is management policy to obtain  funds that can be used optimally. Syaria stocks have certain capital structure rule. Sample of this study is active stocks in Jakarta Islamic  Index traded in the period of 2003-2005. Using purposive sampling, 11 stocks are included as sample. The result shows that Return on Aset effect negatively and firm size has positive influence on Debt Equity Ratio.

  7. MARKET TIMING DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR INDONESIA YANG IPO TAHUN 2000-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miswanto Miswanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aimed to test whether there is equity market timing on capital structure manufacturing company in Indonesia, and whether market timing of equity in the long term (persistent effect on the capital structure of Indonesian manufacturing company. The sample used is the Indonesian manufacturing companies that go public in Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI in 2000-2008, and the data used is panel. Results of this study indicate that there is equity market timing on capital structure. Thus, there are indications of the practice of issuing shares at high and repurchasing at a low price. The results also indicate that equity market timing persistent influence on the capital structure.Keywords: equity market timing, market-to-book ratio, leverage, capital structure, and market value.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji apakah ada market timing ekuitas pada struktur modal perusahaan manufaktur di Indonesia, dan apakah market timing ekuitas dalam jangka panjang (persisten berpengaruh terhadap struktur modal perusahaan manufaktur Indonesia. Sampel yang digunakan adalah perusahaan manufaktur Indonesia yang melakukan IPO di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI tahun 2000–2008, dan data yang digunakan adalah data panel. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada market timing ekuitas pada struktur modal. Dengan demikian, ada indikasi praktik menerbitkan ekuitas saham pada saat harga (nilai pasar ekuitas tinggi dan stock repurchase (membeli kembali saham pada harga rendah. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa market timing ekuitas berpengaruh secara persisten terhadap struktur modal.Kata kunci: market timing ekuitas, market-to-book ratio, leverage, struktur modal, dan nilai pasar.

  8. Komplexitet för kvalitet i lärande och undervisning: bedömning av komplexa problem och studenters resonemang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Kjellström

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Vi utbildar studenter för att de ska ha möjlighet att lösa mycket komplexa samhällsproblem,men hur vet vi att de har utvecklat de former av tänkande och handlande som krävs? Forskning visar att vuxna tänker, talar och handlar utifrån olika nivåer av komplexitet, och att utbildning i hög grad påverkar människors förmågor. Model of Hierarchical Complexity(MHC är en teori som beskriver hur komplext information sätts samman och hur komplext personer resonerar i en fråga, vanligtvis på någon av nivåerna konkret, abstrakt, formellt, systematiskt eller metasystematisk. Syftet med denna artikel är att introducera MHC och visa på dess relevans som verktyg inom högre utbildning. Med hjälp av teorin är det möjligt att analysera både hur komplex en uppgift är och hur studenter klarar av att lösa den, vilket speglar förståelse inom ett ämne. Med modellen som mått på komplexitet tydliggörs svårighetsgraden i det som ska läras och på vilken nivå studenterna klarar att ta till sig kunskapsinnehållet. Avslutningsvis diskuteras hur studenter kan stödjas att utvecklasina förmågor till komplext resonerande och därmed skapa kvalitet i både lärande och undervisningOne of the aims of higher education is to teach students to solve complex problems, but what is the complexity of problems and the reasoning of students? The Model of Hierarchical Complexity (MHC is a theory applicable to all domains in which information is organized and accounts for increases in behavioral complexity which includes cognitive or reasoning complexity. The paper is a theoretical introduction to MHC as a tool for teaching in higher education. The model clarifies and shows the gap between the complexity in the subject and the students understanding of the same subject. We also discuss how to support the development of more complex reasoning in students.

  9. IKEA nätbutik och hemleverans - En marknadsundersökning

    OpenAIRE

    Hasselström, Matias

    2011-01-01

    Konkurrensen på marknaderna blir ständigt hårdare. Internet och nät handel har medfört möjligheten att nå kunder dygnet runt och nästan helt utan geografiska begränsningar. För att företaget skall klara av konkurrensen måste deras produkter och tjänster tillfredsställa de alltmer krävande kundernas behov. För att tillfredsställa kundernas behov måste företagen undersöka vad kunderna efterfrågar och om företaget möter dessa krav. I detta arbete beskrivs hur en marknadsundersökning för IKEA nät...

  10. Inre och yttre motivation till träning : en kvalitativ studie bland regebundet aktiva kvinnor

    OpenAIRE

    Jonsson, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    Bakgrund: Regelbunden träning är viktig för både fysiskt och psykisktvälbefinnande. För att bibehålla en regelbundenhet i träningen krävs det ettengagemang och en motivation. En person kan motiveras av både inre ochyttre faktorer beroende på personens intresse. Trots att människor tenderaratt vara mer stillasittande, tycks intresset för träning och hälsa öka. Inteminst syns detta på sociala medier, där bilder och inlägg medträningsbudskap förmedlas frekvent. Syfte: Studiens syfte är att under...

  11. Flavours – det smakar doft : Upplevelsen av mat och vin i kombination

    OpenAIRE

    Hult, Jonas; Lagnetoft, David; Nygren, Nadia

    2011-01-01

    Inledning: Den vetenskapliga förankringen om mat och vin i kombination är låg. Upplevelsenav en måltid involverar alla de mänskliga sinnena, vilket således har gjort den svår att mäta.Hur stor roll spelar egentligen grundsmakerna och krävs det ytterligare element för att lyfta enkombination av mat och vin till högre höjder?Bakgrund: Förutom smaklökarna på tungan som bildar den grundläggande uppfattningen avdet vi stoppar i munnen, är det främst munkänsla och flavours som bidrar till helheten ...

  12. Bankvärldens framtid : En studie kring hur banker utnyttjar den teknologiska utvecklingen och digitaliseringen av tjänster, samt dess påverkan på kundrelationer, förtroende och lojalitet

    OpenAIRE

    Grip, Sebastian; Hellström, Gustav; Skyttevall, Tobias

    2017-01-01

    Titel: Bankvärldens framtid: En studie kring hur banker utnyttjar den teknologiska utvecklingen och digitaliseringen av tjänster samt dess påverkan på kundrelationer, förtroende och lojalitet   Nivå: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi   Akademi: Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalens Högskola   Författare: Sebastian Grip, Gustav Hellström och Tobias Skyttevall (92/04/22), (94/02/28), (95/05/21) Handledare: Hadjikhani, Annoch   Datum: 05–06–17   Bakgrund: Att skapa en lojal kun...

  13. Guide för referenshantering : APA-manual inom Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap (BUVA)

    OpenAIRE

    Engdahl, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    Denna guide behandlar först hur du enligt APA refererar i löpande text och därefter hur man skriver en referenslista. För en komplett guide till APA Style hänvisas till Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010) eller till hemsidan http://www.apastyle.org, där det finns tydlig introduktion i ljud och bild till APA Style.

  14. Reduksi Suara Lengkingan pada Struktur Cakram dengan Beban Gesek melalui Penambahan Massa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muchlisinalahuddin Muchlisinalahuddin

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Suara lengkingan (squeal noise sering terjadi jika salah satu permukaan kontak logambergesekan dengan permukaan logam lainnya padakondisi tertentu. Dalam banyakpengamatan, spektrum frekuensi yang dihasilkan didominasi oleh sejumlah puncak yangsangat tajam biasanya dalam rentang frekuensi 1-20 kHz, sering berupa bentuk frekuensitunggal. Tulisan ini difokuskan pada modifikasi struktur untuk mengurangi suara lengkinganyaitu dengan menambahkan massa pada struktur bebentuk cakram sebagai pemodelan daribentuk sederhana dari roda kereta api. Beberapa massa ditambahkan pada struktur cakramuntuk mencegah getaran yang tidak stabil akibat gesekan dan untuk untuk mengurangi suaralengkingan. Dalam penelitian sebelumnya ditemukan bahwa penambahan massa untukstruktur dengan gesekan yang menyebabkan suara lengkingan dapat diterapkan untukmenggeser atau mengurangi wilayah yang tidak stabil dari modus terkopel. dengan caramenghilangkan daerah tak stabil dari kondisi kerja. Pada penelitian ini, penambahan dua,empat dan delapan massa tambahan dengan berbagai ukuran ditambahkan di tepi cakram,dimana amplitudo getarannya lebih tinggi dibandingkan diposisi lainnya. Sehingga didapatkanbahwa dengan menambahkan delapan massa tambahan ditepi cakram suara lengkingan dapatdihilangkan, terutama dengan penambahan massa 50 gram dapat menghilangkan suaralengkingan dan dapat menggeser frekuensi pribadi menjadi 2114 Hz.Kata Kunci : suara lengkingan, modus terkopel, peredam dinamik,penambahan massa Squeal noise often occurs when a contact surfaces of metal rubbing against another metalsurface under certain conditions. In many observations, the frequency spectrum is dominatedby a number of very sharp peaks typically in the frequency range 1-20 kHz, often in singlefrequency form. This paper is focused on structural modifications to reduce the squeal noise byadding a mass in a simple thin disc as a simple model of train wheel where squeal noise isfrequently found when the train moves

  15. Teori Pecking Order dan Trade-Off dalam Analisis Struktur Modal di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Agus Harjito

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to test the pecking order theory and trade-off theory of capital structure in the analysis of the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Pecking order theory is represented by the variable profitability and growth, while the variables volatility of earnings, tangibility of assets and the size represents a trade-off theory. The company's goal is prosperity of shareholder value. To achieve these objectives the company needs funds from internal sources and external sources. Internal sources in the form of retained earnings, while the external sources of debt and shareholders' approval in the pecking order theory. This study uses the data of financial ratios of the firms during the period 2000-2010. To analyze the data, this study uses a multiple regression with the dependent variable is the debt ratio, while profitability, growth, volatility of earnings, tangibility of assets and size as independent variables. The results show that asset structure and company size has a positive and significant impact on capital structure, while profitability has a negative effect on debt ratios. But company's growth rate has not relationship with the debt ratio or capital structure. Simultaneously, the all independent variables affect capital structure significantly.Keywords: pecking order, trade-off, capital structure, debt rasioAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji teori pecking order dan teori trade-off dalam analisis struktur modal di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Teori pecking order diwakili oleh variabel profitability dan growth, sementara variabel-variabel volatility of earnings, tangibility of assets dan size mewakili teori trade-off. Tujuan perusahaan adalah memakmurkan nilai pemegang saham. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut perusahaan membutuhkan dana yang diperoleh dari sumber internal dan sumber eksternal. Sumber internal berupa laba ditahan, sedangkan sumber eksternal berupa hutang dan saham sebagaimana dijelaskan dalam teori pecking order

  16. INTERPRETASI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN DAERAH MATA AIR PANAS KRAKAL KEBUMEN DENGAN METODE GEOLISTRIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Fauziyah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Energi geothermal merupakan salah satu kekayaan sumber daya alam yang sedang dikembangkan. Salah satu kawasan geothermal tersebut adalah kawasan wisata mata air panas Krakal, Kebumen. Sumber daya alam geothermal tersebut dikembangkan sebagai objek wisata. Dalam pengembangannya, belum ada informasi struktur bawah permukaan daerah wisata tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran struktur bawah permukaan daerah mata air panas Krakal. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan metode geolistrik konfigurasi schlumberger pada 5 lintasan dengan 3 titik sounding tiap lintasan. Pengolahan data menggunakan software Progress dan Surfer 10.  Hasil pengolahan data menunjukkan struktur bawah permukaan tersusun oleh 3 lapisan batuan yaitu batu pasir dengan kisaran nilai resistivitas kurang dari 10 Ωm dan ketebalan hingga 20 meter, batu lempung berpasir  dengan rentang nilai resistivitas 10-50 Ωm dan ketebalan mencapai 20 meter, dan batu lempung gamping dengan kisaran resistivitas 50-65 Ωm dan ketebalan 20 meter. Anomali resistivitas rendah mengindikasikan adanya akuifer air panas dan air dingin yang muncul ke permukaan.  Geothermal energy is one of the wealth of natural resources that are being developed. One such area is the tourist area of geothermal hot springs Krakal, Kebumen. Natural geothermal resources were developed as a tourist attraction. In its development, no information on subsurface structure of the tourist area. This study aims to reveal the subsurface structure of the Hot Springs area Krakal. Data collection was performed by Schlumberger configuration geoelectric method in five 3-point sounding track with each track. Data processing using the software Surfer Progress and 10. The results of the processing of the data showed subsurface structure is composed of 3 layers of rock is sandstone with a range of resistivity values of less than 10 Ωm and a thickness of up to 20 meters, sandy clay stone with a range of values of

  17. Struktur Vegetasi Kawasan Hutan Alam dan Hutan Rerdegradasi di Taman Nasional Tesso Nilo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Kusumo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Hutan Tesso Nilo merupakan kawasan dengan tingkat keanekaragaman tanaman berpembuluh dan merupakan habitat bagi satwa terancam punah yaitu harimau sumatera (Panthera tigris sumatrae dan gajah sumatera (Elephas maximus sumatranus. Kawasan ini tidak luput dari kegiatan perambahan dan di konversi menjadi perkebunan dan permukiman. Pembukaan lahan hutan akan mengakibatkan rusaknya fungsi hutan dan mengakibatkan musnahnya berbagai jenis flora dan fauna. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui akibat yang ditimbulkan oleh perambahan hutan terhadap strukur vegetasi kawasan hutan. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei dengan menggunakan sampling vegetasi petak dalam jalur dilokasi hutan alam dan hutan terdegradasi akibat perambahan. Hasil dianalisis untuk mengetahui kelimpahan vegetasi, indeks nilai penting dan indeks keanekaragaman (Shannon-Wiener. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perambahan hutan mengakibatkan terjadinya perubahan pada struktur vegetasi. Perambahan mengakibatkan penurunan jumlah kelimpahan vegetasi, nilai keanekaragaman, dan dominansi jenis (indeks nilai penting baik pada tingkat semai, pancang, tiang dan pohon. Kata kunci: Taman Nasional Tesso Nilo, struktur vegetasi, perambahan ABSTRACT Tesso Nilo forest is an area with a greater diversity of vascular plants and habitat for an endangered species, namely the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae and the Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus. This area was not spared from encroachment and conversion to plantations and settlements. Forest clearing will cause damage to forest functions and lead to the extinction of various species of flora and fauna. The purpose of this study was to determine the consequences caused by the encroachment of the structure of forest vegetation. The method used was a survey by sampling vegetation plots in the path of the location of natural forests and forests degraded due to encroachment. The results were analyzed to determine the

  18. Water-soluble derivatives of 25-OCH3-PPD and their anti-proliferative activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wu-Xi; Sun, Yuan-Yuan; Yuan, Wei-Hui; Zhao, Yu-Qing

    2017-05-01

    (20R)-25-Methoxyl-dammarane-3β,12β,20-triol (25-OCH 3 -PPD, AD-1) is a dammarane-type sapogenin showing anti-tumor potential. In the search for new anti-tumor agents with higher potency than our previously identified compound 25-OCH 3 -PPD, 11 novel sulfamic acid and diacid derivatives that could improve water solubility and contribute to good drug potency and pharmacokinetic profiles were designed and synthesized. Their in vitro anti-tumor activities in MCF-7, A-549, HCT-116, and BGC-823 cell lines and one normal cell line were tested by standard MTT assay. Results showed that compared with compound 25-OCH 3 -PPD, compounds 1, 4, and 5 exhibited higher cytotoxic activity on almost all cell lines, together with lower toxicity in the normal cell. In particular, compound 1 exhibited the best anti-tumor activity in the in vitro assays. The water solubility of 25-OCH 3 -PPD and its derivatives was tested and the results showed that the solubility of 25-OCH 3 -PPD sulfamic acid and diacid derivatives were better than that of 25-OCH 3 -PPD in water, which may provide valuable data for the research and development of new anti-tumor agents. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. För vilka finns kroppspositivismen? : En diskursanalytisk och semiotisk studie av hur kroppsaktivister på Instagram artikulerar kroppspositivism

    OpenAIRE

    Wallén, Camilla

    2017-01-01

    Denna studie har genomförts med syfte att undersöka hur kroppsaktivister artikulerar kropp och kroppspositivitet genom bilder och texter på deras Instagramkonton. Studien syftar även till att undersöka om, och i så fall hur, artikulationerna av kroppspositivitet skiljer sig mellan olika kroppsaktivister. Slutligen syftar studien till att studera hur kroppsaktivisterna artikulerar syftet med rörelsen. Det teoretiska ramverket består av tidigare forskning och etablerade teorier i postmodern fem...

  20. Hur äldres sexualitet och sexuella hälsa är kopplade till deras livskvalitet : En litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Heinrich, Elsa; Johansson, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    Sexualiteten och den sexuella hälsan är en grundpelare i att varje människas individualitet. Det finns ett fördomsfullt synsätt angående äldre och deras sexualitet där gruppen blir betraktade som asexuell. Ämnet är tabubelagt och det föreligger relativt lite kunskap kring det. Livskvalitet är en subjektiv upplevelse som förändras över tid. Åldrandet bidrar till flera riskfaktorer som kan leda till nedsatt livskvalitet. Denna litteraturstudies syfte var att undersöka hur sexualitet och sexuell...

  1. Nu mår man? : en kvalitativ studie om tidspress och välmående

    OpenAIRE

    Asfedai Larsson, Joel; Falk, Emil

    2017-01-01

    Tidigare forskning visar att många akademiker upplever hög arbetsbelastning och påtaglig tidspress på arbetsplatsen. Det kan leda till en konflikt mellan arbete och fritid. Tidspress och välmående är aktuella ämnen, vilket dagspressen styrker. Tidigare forskning upplever dessutom en kunskapslucka vad gäller forskning om obalans mellan arbete och fritid, samt vilket effekt det får på individens välmående. Studiens syfte är således att utforska hur redovisningskonsulten upplever tidspress utifr...

  2. Batman: En musikalisk berättelse : En analys av filmerna Batman: The Movie, Batman och The Dark Knight

    OpenAIRE

    Bohlin, Benjamin

    2017-01-01

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera hur filmmusiken har använts i Batman: The Movie (1966), Batman (1989) och The Dark Knight (2008). Att se en narrativ användning och beskrivning av Batman samt hur upplevelsen av filmen ändras när man ser den utan musik. Kompositörerna till filmerna är, för Batman: The Movie (1966) Nelson Riddle, till Batman (1989) är det Danny Elfman och till The Dark Knight (2008) är kompositörerna Hans Zimmer och James Newton Howard. Filmerna analyserats från ett mult...

  3. Evidensgraderingssystemet GRADE : Ett sätt att granska vetenskaplig kunskap om metoder och arbetssätt i hälso- och sjukvården

    OpenAIRE

    Roback, Kerstin; Carlsson, Per

    2009-01-01

    Beslut om införande av nya behandlingsmetoder och arbetssätt i sjukvården präglas alltid av en viss grad av osäkerhet. De studier som gjorts av metodens för- och nackdelar kan vara av olika god kvalitet och därmed ge mer eller mindre säkra resultat. Efter att användningen av systematiska litteraturstudier vid medicinsk teknologiutvärdering tog fart på 1980-talet började man efterfråga ett beslutsunderlag som även tar hänsyn till olika studiers kvalitet. Detta initierade utvecklingen av flera ...

  4. Starbucksfenomenet i Finland : Hur uppfattar och upplever finska konsumenter tillhörande generation Y och Z varumärket Starbucks?

    OpenAIRE

    Emtö, Anna

    2014-01-01

    I den här undersökningen har jag undersökt hur finska konsumenter uppfattar och upplever varumärket Starbucks. Jag har utfört undersökningen genom att använda mig av fokusgruppintervjuer. Intervjuerna utfördes på basen av min frågeguide som utvecklats kring de relevanta teoriområden som är presenterade i arbetet. Mitt urval för intervjuerna var finska konsumenter tillhörande generationerna Y och Z i och med att dessa vuxit upp med varumärket samt upplevt inflytandet av sociala medier i vardag...

  5. Penentuan Posisi Hiposenter Gempabumi dengan Menggunakan Metoda Guided Grid Search dan Model Struktur Kecepatan Tiga Dimensi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendro Nugroho

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu penelitian ilmu kebumian yang perlu dilakukan untuk membantu upaya mitigasi bencana gempabumi adalah menentukan pusat gempa dengan presisi tinggi. Dalam hal ini ketelitian sangat diperlukan oleh karena adanya heterogenitas materi bumi yang dilewati gelombang gempa dari hiposenter ke stasiun pencatat. Oleh karena itu dengan bantuan model geotomografi (model struktur 3D kecepatan rambat gelombang gempa diharapkan akan dapat diperoleh posisi sumber gempa yang lebih baik. Untuk studi ini daerah penelitian yang diambil adalah Jawa dan sekitarnya, yaitu : 7° LS - 11° LS dan 105° BT - 114° BT. Data yang digunakan adalah waktu tiba gelombang P dari seismogram yang direkam pada seismograf broadband di Indonesia. Penentuan hiposenter menggunakan metoda guided grid search dengan model kecepatan 3D untuk busur Sunda. Hasil penentuan hiposenter gempa dengan pendekatan ini memberikan tingkat kesalahan yang lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan jika digunakan model kecepatan 1D.

  6. STRUKTUR MODAL DAN MODAL KERJA PT XYZ SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Untung Setiono

    2017-01-01

    (Automatic Teller Machine dan EDC (Electronic Data Capture. Di tahun 2012 perusahaan membeli software tandem dari vendor luar negeri dimana menghabiskan dana USD 3,4 juta, dengan pembelian ini maka dari itu penting untuk di teliti: 1 kebijakan struktur modal perusahaan, 2 kebijakan modal kerja  perusahaan dan 3 hubungan kinerja keuangan perusahaan berdasarkan dua kebijakan tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi linier berganda, mengukur hubungan variabel struktur modal dan modal kerja perusahaan. Pada penelitian telah menemukan: 1 kebijakan struktur modal perusahaan sejalan dengan teori Pecking Order, dimana perusahaan lebih menggunakan dana modal sendiri sebelum menggunakan hutang jangka panjang pada pihak lain, 2 kebijakan modal kerja perusahaan kurang efisien, dikarenakan sebagian besar asset lancar adalah dalam bentuk deposito berjangka bulanan dan bahkan melebihi hutang lancer itu sendiri, dan 3 hubungan antara hutang jangka pendek dan rasio likuiditas adalah negative, sedangkan total hutang (jangka pendek dan jangka panjang berkorelasi positif dengan rasio solvabilitas/leverage perusahaan. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan manajemen untuk lebih mengurangi asset lancer mereka dan lebih menggunakan asset tersebut untuk investasi jangka panjang, bukan hanya untuk deposito berjangka.Kata kunci: ATM, EDC, regresi, struktur modal, kinerja keuangan

  7. Kan ekologisk och ekonomisk hållbarhet kombineras? : En studie av en neoklassisk jämviktsmodell och dess relation till hållbarhet

    OpenAIRE

    Pettersson, David

    2015-01-01

    Bakgrunden till examensarbetet är att aktiviteter kopplat till den globala ekonomin samt tillväxt av denna har skapat en situation som i dagsläget inte uppfyller den ekologiska dimensionen av hållbarhet. Lösningar för att minska den miljöpåverkan som sker idag samtidigt som ekonomisk tillväxt sker har kritiserats och istället föreslås ekonomier med låg eller ingen tillväxt. Med bakgrund till detta har forskningsprojektet Bortom BNP-tillväxt startat och examensarbetet genomförs hos ekonomiska ...

  8. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL, UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, ASIMETRI INFORMASI, DAN PROFITABILITAS TERHADAP KUALITAS LABA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iin Mutmainah Eka Risdawaty

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh struktur modal, ukuran perusahaan, asimetri informasi, dan profitabilitas terhadap kualitas laba. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh perusahaan manufaktur yang  terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI yang berjumlah 123 perusahaan. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan mengunakan metode purposive sampling dan diperoleh sebanyak 59 perusahaan. Data di analisa dengan menggunakan Regresi Linier Berganda. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa struktur modal yang diproksikan dengan leverage dan profitabilitas yang diproksikan oleh return on asset (ROA memiliki pengaruh dengan kualitas laba. Sementara itu ukuran perusahaan yang diproksikan dengan Ln Log total Asset dan asimetri informasi yang diproksikan dengan Spread tidak memiliki pengaruh dengan kualitas laba. Hasil penelitian secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa seluruh variable independen berpengaruh terhadap kualitas laba. Penelitian selanjutnya bisa menggunakan proksi lain untuk mengukur kualitas laba seperti Corporate Governance.This study aimed to analyze the effect of capital structure, company size, asymmetry of information, and the profitability of the quality of earnings. The study population was all companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI, which amounted to 123 companies. Sampling was done by using purposive sampling method and obtained as many as 59 companies. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The result showed that the capital structure and leverage proxies with proxy profitability by return on assets (ROA has influence with the quality of earnings. While the size of the company which is proxied by Log Ln total assets and information asymmetry Spread proxy with no influence by the quality of earnings. Simultaneous research results show that all the independent variables affect the quality laba. Future studies could use another proxy to measure the quality of earnings as Corporate Governance.

  9. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  10. POLITISASI GENDER DAN HAK-HAK PEREMPUAN KENDALA STRUKTURAL KETERLIBATAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PENCALONAN LEGISLATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwan Abdullah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Peluang partisipasi perempuan dalam politik melalui kuota tiga puluh persen pada kenyataannya masih mengalami sejumlah kendala struktural. Penyebabnya adalah kesalah pahaman dari peran perempuan yang menempatkan perempuan bukan sebagai pemimpin tetapi hanya sebagai ‘pemanis’ politik untuk menarik massa pemilih. Selain itu, kurangnya tindakan afirmatif yang dilakukan oleh pihak partai juga melemahkan posisi perempuan dalam politik. Artikel ini menyimpulkan bahwa hambatan struktural untuk keterlibatan perempuan dalam politik dapat diselesaikan dengan komitmen dan kerjasama dari berbagai pihak, yaitu perempuan itu sendiri, masyarakat, partai politik dannegara sebagai penjamin yang bertanggung jawab untuk pemenuhan hak-hak politik perempuan. Tanpa sinergi berbagai pihak, hak-hak politik perempuan masih akan diabaikan. kata kunci: Calon anggota legislatif perempuan, Hakpolitik perempuan, Reposisi perempuan   The opportunities of women participation in politics through a quota of thirty percent in reality is still experiencing a number of structural constraints.The cause is a misconception of women role which places women not as a leader but only as a political‘sweetener’ to attract the masses of voters. Besides,the lack of affirmative actions undertaken by theparties also weakens the position of women in politics.The article concludes that the structural obstacles towomen’s involvement in politics can be solved with the commitment and cooperation of many parties, namelythe women themselves, society, political parties andthe state as the guarantor which is responsible for thefulfillment of the political rights of women. Without thesynergy of various parties, women’s political rights willstill be neglected. Keywords : Candidates for Legislative Women, Women’sPolitical Rights, Women Repositioning

  11. Förskolechefens anavar och uppdrag i ett kommunalt förvaltningsperspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Eriksson

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The revision of the Swedish Education Act and of the Pre-School Curriculum of 2010 involved a demand for improved pedagogical quality and for an alteration and clarification of roles and responsibilities within the pre-school sector. In the revision the responsibilities, authorizations and rights to make decisions of the Heads of Preschool were articulated and clarified. This article describes and discusses how the new responsibilities and tasks of the Heads of Preschool have been interpreted and how the response to the revisions has manifested itself within a framework of municipal public administration. The data used consists of a questionnaire answered by 48 administrative officials with responsibility for education government in different municipalities. The result shows that the Heads of Preschool in a majority of municipalities are faced with increasing responsibilities and a new accountability structure. In order to meet the demands for improved pedagogical quality they are also expected to provide competence development opportunities for preschool staff.2010-års revideringen av skollagen och förskolans läroplan innebar dels ökade krav på pedagogisk kvalitet och dels på en förändrad och förtydligad ansvarsstruktur i förskolan. För förskolechefens del explicitgjordes och förtydligades både ansvar, befogenhet och beslutsrätt. I artikeln beskrivs och problematiseras hur förskolechefens ansvar och uppdrag tolkas och kommer till uttryck i ett övergripande kommunalt förvaltningsperspektiv i samband med dessa revideringar. Data utgörs av en enkätundersökning besvarad av 48 förvaltningstjänstemän anställda i olika kommuner. Resultatet visar att förskolechefen i flertalet kommuner har tilldelats ett stort ansvar när det gäller att tolka och initiera den förtydligade ansvarsstrukturen och skapa förutsättningar i form av kompetensutvecklingsinsatser för förskolepersonalen för att möta de ökade kraven p

  12. DISAIN STRUKTURAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF KEARIFAN LOKAL PADA RUMAH TRADISIONAL MELAYU KOTA SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zairin Zain

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Rumah itu dibangun untuk memenuhi kebutuhan fisik dan spiritual bagi penghuni. Ini berarti bahwa fungsi rumah secara fisik dibangun untuk mempertahankan hidup mereka dari ancaman lingkungan seperti iklim, cuaca atau hewan liar, sementara rumah juga diperuntukkan untuk kebutuhan rohani mereka dengan memfasilitasi interaksi antara penghuni di rumah atau interaksi dengan orang di luar rumah. Untuk itu, menarik untuk mendalami kearifan lokal  yang hidup di  masyarakat tradisional di Kota  Sambas Kalimantan Barat, melalui pemahaman disain struktural  dari  elemen-elemen  tempat tinggal tersebut. Disain struktural bangunan dikerjakan dalam memenuhi tujuan-tujuan untuk  safety,  values,  fitness,  compatibility  dan  flexibility. Dari hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa disain struktural rumah tradisional Melayu di kota Sambas dibangun dengan  Tujuan  Safety  diperoleh dari keadaan yang memperhatikan kedominanan, proporsi dan keseimbangan; Tujuan Value diperoleh dari perhatian terhadap konstruksi ruang, keterhubungan ruang, susunan dan perletakan kolom; Tujuan Fitness diperoleh dari pemilihan dan pola struktur; Tujuan Compatibility diperoleh dari perhatian terhadap pemilihan material, orientasi bangunan dan bentuk-bentuk struktur ruang; sedangkan Tujuan Flexibility diperoleh dari susunan dan keterkaitan ruang serta pemilihan sistem struktur.   The house was built to meet the physical and spiritual needs of the occupants. This means that the physical functions of house was bulit to maintain their living from environmental threats such as climate, weather or wild animals, while the house as well intended for their spiritual needs to facilitating the interaction between the occupants in the house or interaction with people outside the house. For that, it is interesting to explore the local wisdom that growing in traditional people of the Sambas town West Kalimantan, through an understanding of the structural design of the

  13. Mödrars upplevelser av att drabbas av postpartumdepression

    OpenAIRE

    Wallin, Rebecca; Pitkämäki, Kia

    2016-01-01

    Bakgrund: Postpartumdepression (PPD) drabbar mellan 8-15% av alla kvinnor som föder barn och innebär stora påfrestningar för både modern, partnern och spädbarnet. Utvecklandet av PPD har multifaktoriella orsaker som tidigare psykiatrisk sjukdom, dåligt parförhållande och brist på socialt stöd. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka kvinnors upplevelser av postpartumdepression. Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt där vetenskapliga artiklar motsvarande studiens syfte granskades. Samtliga a...

  14. Anti-lung cancer effects of novel ginsenoside 25-OCH(3)-PPD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Rayburn, Elizabeth R; Hang, Jie; Zhao, Yuqing; Wang, Hui; Zhang, Ruiwen

    2009-09-01

    20(S)-25-methoxyl-dammarane-3beta, 12beta, 20-triol (25-OCH(3)-PPD), a newly identified natural product from Panax notoginseng, exhibits activity against a variety of cancer cells. Herein, we report the effects of this compound on human A549, H358, and H838 lung cancer cells, and compare these effects with a control lung epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B. 25-OCH(3)-PPD decreased survival, inhibited proliferation, and induced apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest in the lung cancer cell lines. The P. notoginseng compound also decreased the levels of proteins associated with cell proliferation and cell survival. Moreover, 25-OCH(3)-PPD inhibited the growth of A549 lung cancer xenograft tumors. 25-OCH(3)-PPD demonstrated low toxicity to non-cancer cells, and no observable toxicity was seen when the compound was administered to animals. In conclusion, our preclinical data indicate that 25-OCH(3)-PPD is a potential therapeutic agent in vitro and in vivo, and further preclinical and clinical development of this agent for lung cancer is warranted.

  15. Dubbel ABC-analys av inrednings- och gåvoartiklar för en blombutik

    OpenAIRE

    Ruokolainen, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    Kirkkonummen Kukkapiste är en blombutik i Kyrkslätt centrum, som år 2012 utvidgade sitt sortiment av inrednings- och gåvoartiklar. Konkurrensen är hög och en ABC-analys kan hjälpa företagare att identifiera vilka faktorer i ett företag som det lönar sig att lägga tid och resurser på, vilket i sin tur effektiverar verksamheten. Syftet med detta arbete är att med hjälp av en dubbel ABC-analys för Kirkkonummen Kukkapiste ta reda på vilka inrednings- och gåvoartiklar som binder mest kapital och v...

  16. Varumärket IKEA : en studie om identitet och image vid företagets etablering i Karlstad

    OpenAIRE

    Almqvist, Jessica; Reinholdsson, Åsa

    2007-01-01

    IKEA är i nuläget ett av Sveriges och världens starkaste varumärken och under sommaren 2007 kommer IKEA att etablera sig i Karlstad. För att ett varumärke ska kunna anses vara starkt krävs det att företagets identitet och image stämmer överens. Identitet är de signaler som företaget sänder ut till kunden och image är den uppfattning som uppstår i kundens medvetande om själva företaget. Intresset i nuläget var att se till vad IKEA har för identitet och vad boende i Karlstad med omnejd har för ...

  17. "Oftast du vet själv vad är det rätta" : Högstadieelevers sociala mediavanor och regelperception i onlinesammanhang

    OpenAIRE

    Bergman, Mikael

    2018-01-01

    Sammanfattning: Sociala medier spelar en allt större roll i hur vi kommunicerar och uttrycker oss. Denna studie är ämnad att utveckla och koppla ihop den redan existerande forskningen om ungdomars sociala mediavanor på Snapchat och Instagram, och forskning om vad sociala mediaanvändare upplever vad man kan och får publicera på dessa sociala medier. Denna studie utforskar detta genom tre fokusgruppsintervjuer med 15 åriga niondeklassare. Resultatet analyseras genom dramaturgi som till stor del...

  18. Struktur, Fungsi, dan Makna Talempong Bundo dalam Upacara Maanta Padi Saratuih

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilma Sriwulan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Talempong bundo adalah istilah untuk permainan musik talempong oleh sekelompok musisiperempuan di Nagari Singkarak Minangkabau. Permainan musik ini hanya dipertunjukkan dalamupacara maanta padi saratuih, yaitu upacara persembahan hasil panen yang dilakukan oleh perempuanperempuandari pihak induak bako dalam rangkaian tradisi perkawinan anak pisangnya. Dalam upacaraini induak bako menjemput anak pisang, membawanya ke rumah bako, kemudian mengantarkankembali dengan arak-arakan maanta padi saratuih. Talempong bundo merupakan satu-satunya musikprosesi yang dihadirkan dalam upacara itu, dan hingga saat ini kehadirannya masih dijunjung tinggioleh masyarakat setempat. Fokus dari tulisan ini menjelaskan latar belakang kehadiran talempong bundodi dalam upacara maanta padi saratuih, melacak dan menjelaskan struktur talempong bundo dan relasiantar struktur secara fungsional, dan kemudian menjelaskan makna talempong bundo dalam upacaratersebut. Melalui teori fungsionalisme struktural A.R. Radcliffe-Brown dibantu dengan teori simbolVictor Turner diperoleh pemahaman bahwa prosesi arak-arakan maanta padi saratuih yang didukungoleh bunyi-bunyian talempong bundo mengumandangkan kepada masyarakat bahwa eksistensi pihakinduak bako masih fenomenal di daerah tersebut. Talempong bundo merupakan simbol eksistensipihak induak bako dalam konteks legitimasi terhadap anak pisangnya. Keberadaan talempong bundodalam upacara maanta padi saratuih merupakan representasi sistem matrilineal dalam masyarakatMinangkabau di Nagari Singkarak The Structure, Function, and Meaning of Talempong Bundo in the Ceremony of MaantaPadi Saratuih. Talempong bundo is a term that is used for music performace of talempong by some femalemusicians in Nagari Singkarak, Minangkabau. The music is typically performed only in the ceremony ofmaanta padi saratuih, namely an offering ceremony for a rice harvest that is made by some women of induakbako in a context of their anak pisang, a tradition of its

  19. Lekfull kreativitet. Fysiska användargränssnitt som erbjuder social och fysisk interaktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brooks, Eva Irene

    2017-01-01

    I den här artikeln presenteras en studie som ägde rum under två år i fem olika förskolor i Danmark och som inkluderade 55 barn. Specifikt undersökte vi hur fysiska användargränssnitt kan stötta social och fysisk interaktion. Studien applicerade en design-baserad metodologi som följde en iterativ,......, cyklisk process. Analysen visade att fysiska gränssnitt som främjar utforskande aktiviteter, verbala interaktioner och samarbete har en potential att erbjuda lekfulla lärande situationer som understödjer fria men också guidade aktiviteter....

  20. Tre lampor och ett ben : produktserie för Gotlands Lampfabrik

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Emma

    2010-01-01

    Gotlands Lampfabrik är en nystartad verksamhet (2009) som drivs av Jonas Kling och Jane Odell centralt på Gotland. De producerar stilrena lampskärmar i ett ljust polymermaterial med papp på båda sidorna. Produktionen är liten och görs för hand på plats i den egna fabriken i Väskinde. Sortimentet består av 33 lampskärmar och i nuläget producerar inte Gotlands Lampfabrik sina egna lampben eller upphängningar utan köper in dem från fristående parter vilket medför att sortimentet kan uppfattas so...

  1. Boye och "jag" : En grammatisk analys av en litterär persona

    OpenAIRE

    Lindström, Elina

    2015-01-01

    I denna uppsats använder jag den interpersonella metafunktionen inom systemisk-funktionell grammatik för att undersöka sex av Karin Boyes dikter, detta med syfte att se huruvida en sådan här analys kan säga något av intresse om diktjaget. Analysen genomfördes enligt Holmberg och Karlssons modell i Grammatik med betydelse, där subjekt och finit tagits ut varpå språkhandlingar markerats och modalitet kommenterats. Dikterna är hämtade ur Boyes Samlade dikter. Av min analys framgår att jaget beha...

  2. Ogräs, åkertistlar och taggiga växter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Klintwall

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Psykiatriska diagnoser är kontroversiella. Vissa, ofta psykiatriker, menar att psykiska tillstånd går att dela upp i distinkta klasser medan andra, ofta psykologer, menar att all sådan uppdelning gör våld på verkligheten. Dessutom har psykiatrin anklagats för att vara moraliserande: vem kan avgöra vad som är sjukt och friskt? Är autism en sjukdom? Utifrån en pragmatisk begreppsanalys är uppdelningen mellan sjukt och friskt nödvändigtvis godtycklig. Precis som när en trädgårdsmästare avgör vad som är ogräs så beror det på situationen och ens syften. Och precis som växterarter ibland är distinkta arter så kan vissa psykiatriska diagnoser vara distinkta klasser, och andra inte. Kanske är autism en avgränsad diagnos, kanske inte. Men ibland är inte artsuppdelning det mest användbara för en trädgårdsmästare, precis som det inte behöver vara det för psykiatrin. Istället kan man formulera nya kategoriseringar helt baserade på pragmatiska hänsyn. Ibland räcker det med taggiga växter och socialt indifferenta barn.

  3. STRUKTUR BENTUK KOMPOSISI DAN AKULTURASI MUSIK TERBANG BIOLA SABDO RAHAYU DESA PEKIRINGAN, KECAMATAN TALANG, KABUPATEN TEGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endri Muris Jatmiko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu Desa Pekiringan,Kecamatan Talang, Kabupaten Tegal merupakan kesenian yang lahir dari masyarakat pendukungnya, kesederhanaan penampilannya  menjadi cirri-khas. Terbang Biola merupakan hasil kreatif  daribentuk kesenian  rebana yang ditambahkan instrumen musik biola, gambang, seruling, kecrek (marakas, dan kentongan. Masalah yang diangkat dalam penelitianadalah bagaimana struktur bentuk komposisi musik Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu dan akulturasi musik yang terjadi dalam musik Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu.  Metode penelitian pendekataninterdisiplin.Teknik pengambilan data dengan wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumen.Teknikanalisis data yang diterapkan adalah isi teks dan konteks.Hasil analisa data, wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumen selanjutnya dicocokan dengan menggunakan triangulasi.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu merupakan kesenian bentuk musik campuran musik vokal dan musik instrumental.Bentuk komposisi musik didalamnya mencakup notasi, tanda kunci, melodi, ritme, harmoni, tempo, dinamik, tangga nada, dan ekspresi.Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu merupakan  kesenian akulturasiberdasarkan instrumen musik yang digunakan yaitu, rebana (Arab, biola (Eropa, dan  gambang (Jawa.

  4. Zur Struktur des deutschen Satzes. Systematische Betrachtung der einzelnen Satzpositionen unter didaktischen Gesichtspunkten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Schmid

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Die Struktur, d.h. die Syntax des deutschen Satzes ist möglicherweise das komplexeste Thema der deutschen Grammatik. Es scheint, dass die meisten Fehler in diesem Bereich gemacht werden, und selbst Muttersprachler und Muttersprachlerinnen sind oft unsicher bzgl. der richtigen Wortstellung, insbesondere im Mittelfeld des Satzes. Dieser Aufsatz versucht, Deutschlehrern und -lehrerinnen eine Hilfestellung zu geben, indem er − aufbauend auf das topologische oder Stellungsfeldermodell von Erich Drach (vgl. Musan 2009: 10 − die wichtigsten Stellungsregeln für die verschiedenen Satzelemente angibt. Dies geschieht dadurch, dass alle möglichen „Positionen“ des deutschen Satzes systematisch untersucht werden, eine nach der anderen. The structure, i.e., the syntax of the German sentence is perhaps the most complex topic of German grammar. It seems that most mistakes are made in this area, and even native speakers are often not sure about the correct word order, especially in the middle-field of the sentence. This paper tries to help German teachers by giving them − based on the topological field model of Erich Drach − the most important rules about the correct positioning of the different elements of the sentence. It does so by examining systematically all the possible “positions” of the German sentence, one after the other.

  5. STRUKTUR META TEORI AKUNTANSI KEUANGAN (Sebuah Telaah dan Perbandingan antara FASB dan IASC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Narsa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this paper is to analyses the structure of meta-theoretical of financial accounting that was used by FASB and IASC to develop the conceptual framework for financial accounting reporting. The discussion of conceptual framework conducted by comparison of the basic different between the FASB and IASC framework, then analyses the constraints to implement IFRS and identify the way out of the constraints faced by the body. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membahas struktur meta teori yang dipergunakan oleh FASB dan IASC dalam mengembangkan rerangka konseptual, menelaah perbedaan-perbedaan mendasar, menganalisis hambatan-hambatan yang dialami serta mengidentifikasi upaya-upaya yang harus dilakukan agar IFRS diterapkan oleh negara-negara anggota. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara membandingkan rerangka dasar yang diatur dalam FASB dan IASC dan kemudian menganalisa hambatan yang timbul dengan adanya penerapan IFRS dan mengidentifikasi bagaimana hambatan tersebut dapat diselesaikan. Kata kunci: globalisasi, harmonisasi, meta teori, FASB dan IASC, kerangka dasar, akuntansi keuangan

  6. Motivation beroende på anställningsform? : En fallstudie om motivationsrelaterade skillnader mellan fast anställda och inhyrda medarbetare på ett bank- och försäkringsföretag

    OpenAIRE

    Sundqvist Swahn, Sofia; Emthén, Niklas; Persson, Katarina

    2011-01-01

    Bemanningsbranschen växer och allt fler personer blir anställda via bemanningsföretag. Bemanningsföretagens viktigaste uppgift är att öka flexibiliteten på arbetsmarknaden. De gör det lättare för företagen att snabbt anpassa arbetsstyrkan till efterfrågan. Samtidigt finns problem och risker med att hyra in personal. Flertalet studier kring dessa problem tangerar ämnena motivation och/eller inhyrda medarbetare, men forskningen är begränsad vad gäller inhyrda medarbetares motivation. Under anta...

  7. Imageskapande och marknadsföringskommunikation : En deskriptiv studie om Örebro Bostäders arbete i Vivalla och Markbacken

    OpenAIRE

    Abedian Sanandaji, Foad

    2011-01-01

    Slutsatsen efter genomfört arbetet är att Örebro Bostäder AB bland annat har en önskvärd image av Vivalla som ett område med en unik och personlig omgivning med mindre individuella bostadsområden där det finns något för alla smaker. I Markbacken vill Öbo behålla och förstärka en image av variation, där allt från barnfamiljer till den som söker ett lite mer exklusivt boende skall lockas. Vidare har undersökningen visat att dessa önskvärda imager främst förmedlas via mun till mun-metoden, massm...

  8. PENGARUH GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR YANG TERDAFTAR DI BEI TAHUN 2010-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fifi Widyaningsih

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti pengaruh good corporate governance dan struktur kepemilikan saham dalam perusahaan terhadap peningkatan kinerja perusahaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder, yaitu laporan keuangan tahunan perusahaan manufaktur yang telah terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia untuk tahun 2010-2011. Pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling. Analisis data dengan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil analisis regresi linier berganda dalam penelitian ini adalah corporate governance memiliki pengaruh yang positif terhadap kinerja perusahaan, sedangkan struktur kepemilikan saham baik kepemilikan dari pihak institusional ataupun manajerial tidak berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja perusahaan.

  9. Löslighet och transport av sällsynta jordartsmetaller i Källfallsfältets gruvsandsmagasin

    OpenAIRE

    de Campos Pereira, Hugo

    2014-01-01

    Löslighet och transport av sällsynta jordartsmetaller i Källfallsfältets gruvsandsmagasin Hugo de Campos Pereira Syftet med detta arbete har varit att kartlägga vilka mekanismer som styr lösligheten av sällsynta jordartsmetaller (eng. rare earth elements, REE) i sulfidhaltig anrikningssand vid den föredetta gruvan Källfallsfältet i Västmanland. För syftet har markvatten- och grundvattenprovtagning utförts, tillsammans med laktester och geokemisk modellering med Visual MINTEQ ver. 3.0. Resulta...

  10. Struktur Komunitas Ikan Karang di Perairan Kendari (Community Structure of Coral Reef Fishes at Kendari Waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Adrim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan ikan karang merupakan salah satu bioindikator terhadap kondisi terumbu karang yang baik. Penelitian ikan karang di perairan Kendari bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi jenis, kelimpahan, sebaran, dan struktur komunitas ikan karang di perairan tersebut. Pengumpulan data dilakukan bulan Juli 2011 pada lima lokasi di bagian utara dan selatan Kendari. Data dihimpun dengan menggunakan teknik Underwater Visual Census (UVC dan metode transek (Line Intersept Transect, LIT dengan peralatan SCUBA. Total jenis ikan karang terkumpul sebanyak 111 jenis yang mewakili 24 famili, terdiri dari 31 jenis ikan target (ikan konsumsi, 17 jenis ikan indikator (indicator species, dan kelompok major 63 jenis. Kelornpok ikan pangan (target yang dominan; Caesio cuning, Siganus vulpinus dan Ctenochaetus striatus. Jenis yang paling dominan dari ikan indikator adalah Chaetodon octofasciatus. Sedangkan kelompok lainnya (major yang dominan adalah Pomacentrus smithii, Chrysiptera rollandi, Chrysiptera springeri, dan Pomacentrus alexanderae. Nilai Indeks keanekaragaman berkisar 1,36– 3,23. Indeks dominasi Margalef (d berkisar 4,74–8,66. Indeks kemerataan Pielou (J’=H’/logeS diperololeh pada kisaran 0,38–0,81 . Hasil analisis kluster pada matrik kesamaan Bray-Curtis 37 % diperoleh dendrograrn yang menunjukkan dua pengelompokan stasiun. Berdasarkan ordinasi sampel dengan MDS diperoleh dari kesamaan (stress= 0 dengan jelas menunjukkan dua komunitas yang berbeda. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi masukan sebagai data dasar untuk pengelolaan daerah pesisir bagi pemerintahan daerah (PEMDA. Kata kunci: ikan karang, struktur komunitas, indeks ekologi, perairan Kendari. Coral reef Fishes is one of bio-indicators for good condition coral reef ecosystem. A study on coral reef fishes in the Kendari waters was aimed to find out species composition, abundance, distribution and community structure of coral reef fishes in that area. The study was conducted in

  11. Sociala medier - en påverkande faktor på identitetsutveckling och psykiskt välbefinnande : En kvalitativ studie om unga kvinnors uppfattningar och erfarenheter av sociala medier

    OpenAIRE

    Wiksten, Isabell; Ström, Johanna

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och uppmärksamma unga kvinnors uppfattningar och erfarenheter avseende hur sociala medier påverkar deras identitetsutveckling och psykiska välbefinnande. Det är en kvalitativ studie baserad på två fokusgrupper med tre högskole- och universitetsstuderande kvinnor, i åldern 18 - 25. Det genomfördes även en individuell intervju med en professionell som är verksam på en stödmottagning för psykisk ohälsa. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i analysen är symbolis...

  12. LCA som verktyg för ökad kunskap om miljöpåverkan från golvmaterialen vinyl, linoleum och parkett : Utifrån certifieringskriterier om relevans, potential och styrbarhet

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmaz, Secil

    2012-01-01

    Life Cycle Assesment, LCA, används för att sammanställa och utvärdera in- och utflöden ur ett system samt potentiell miljöpåverkan under en produkts livscykel. Beräkningarna görs genom att se hela produkten ur ett livscykelperspektiv, dvs. från det att produkten är en råvara till det att den hanteras som avfall. Beroende på måldefinition och systemgränser kan detaljgraden och tidsramen för LCA-studien varieras. LCA används för att identifiera möjligheter att förbättra produkten i olika delar ...

  13. Structure of the amplitude equation of the climate; Struktur der Amplitudengleichung des Klimas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hauschild, A. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Meteorologie

    1999-04-01

    The structure of the `amplitude equation`, a new dynamic equation on the seasonal time scale is derived, in which the weather scales may be treated statistically. The elsewhere-introduced climate-specific seasonally smoothed amplitudes and phases of the Fourier spectral representation are used as new prognostic variables. For the vorticity it is shown, that the still unsolved problem of the parameterisation of subscale transports may be solved in the `amplitude equation`. The approach could be successful because of the empirically derived statistical properties of the amplitudes (Poisson distribution and ergodicity) and of the phases (equipartition) of sub-planetary waves could be used. They allow a scale separation of weather and climate and lead to a tremendous reduction of the number of the horizontal degree of freedom of the amplitude equation to be between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4}. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird die Struktur der `Amplitudengleichung`, einer neuen dynamischen Gleichung auf der saisonalen Zeitskala abgeleitet. Anhand analysierter Daten des EZMW wird gezeigt, dass in der `Amplitudengleichung` die explizite Dynamik des Wetters tatsaechlich statistisch behandelt werden kann. Als prognostische Variablen der Gleichung werden die woanders neu eingefuehrten, klimaspezifischen, saisonal geglaetteten Amplituden und Phasen der Fourier-Spektraldarstellung verwendet. Am Beispiel der Vorticity wird gezeigt, dass das bisher ungeloeste Problem der Behandlung der subskaligen Transporte in der `Amplitudengleichung` grundsaetzlich geloest werden kann. Dies gelingt durch Ausnutzung der ebenfalls empirisch abgeleiteten besonderen statistischen Eigenschaften der Amplituden (Poissonverteilung und Ergodizitaet) und Phasen (Gleichverteilung) der subplanetaren Wellen, die eine Skalentrennung von Wetter und Klima ermoeglichen. Dies fuehrt zur erheblichen Reduktion der Zahl der horizontalen Freiheitsgrade der Amplitudengleichung auf 10{sup 3} bis 10{sup 4}. Die Ableitung

  14. Pelapisan Sosial dan Pernikahan Ideal dalam Mitos Sangkuriang: Telaah Struktural Antropologi Lévi-Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asep Yudha Wirajaya

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Mitos Sangkuriang merupakan mitos yang pesan kearifan tradisinya “gagal” dicerna oleh masyarakat pemiliknya. Mitos ini pada akhirnya hanya mampu menceritakan asal mula ”kelahiran” sebuah gunung dan cekungan Bandung, dan tidak ada hubungannya dengan kehidupan manusia kecuali tentang perjalanan kehidupan seorang anak manusia yang durhaka pada orang tuanya. Tampak bahwa, pesan-pesan mitos ini sedemikian naifnya jika dibandingkan dengan dinamika perjalanan kehidupan yang dijalani oleh manusia Sangkuriang. Karena itulah perlu cara pandang, pemahaman dan penafsiran yang tidak hanya menangkap berbagai fenomena atas peristiwa yang terjadi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari tetapi juga untuk melihat ‘batin sosial’ suatu masyarakat bahkan melihat ke dalam ‘struktur dalam’ (deep structure suatu masyarakat. Dengan demikian mitos sebagai sebuah ”proses komunikasi” lintas generasi dalam tataran simbolis mampu hadir dan bermakna dalam tatanan yang apik dan rapih sebagai alternatif solusi mengatasi atau memecahkan berbagai kontradiksi empiris yang selama ini tidak terpahami oleh nalar manusia. Abstract: Sangkuriang myth represents myth whose message of its tradition wisdom is "fail" to be digested by its owner society. This myth in the end only can narrate provenance "birth" a Bandung hollow and mount, and there no relation with human life except about life journey a disaffected human being child at its old fellow. See that, messages of this myth is naive in such a way in comparison with life journey dynamics experienced by Sangkuriang human being. Therefore, it needs a way of approach, interpretation and understanding which do not only catch various phenomenon to the event that happened in everyday life, but also to see 'social mind' society, even see into 'structure in' (structure deep society. Thereby myth as a "communications process" passed by quickly generation in symbolic devices can attend and have a meaning of in nice structure and good

  15. POTENSI PEMAKAIAN KERIKIL PATERONGAN TORJUN DAN OMBEN DI PULAU MADURA UNTUK BETON STRUKTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julistiono Handojo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of structural concrete in Madura increases with the development of the island, however coarse and fine aggregates which are used, mostly come from Jawa. This research explores the possibility of using the coarse aggregates from Madura taken from Paterongan, Torjun, and Omben. Although it is shown that in general the coarse aggregates are physically the same with aggregates from Mojokerto or Pasuruan and pass SNI, ACI, ASTM, and BS, only aggregate from Torjun pass the flakiness requirements. The fineness modulus of the aggregates do not pass SNI but pass the BS requirement. Using the aggregates in 225kg/cm2 concrete strength mix design fail to reach the target strength. Aggregates from Paterongan and Omben are only recommended for lean concrete, but there is a possibility to use aggregates from Torjun for structural concrete, with betterment in grading. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pemakaian beton di pulau Madura meningkat seiring dengan perkembangan pulau Madura tetapi agregat kasar dan halus yang digunakan untuk pembuatan beton masih banyak didatangkan dari pulau Jawa. Untuk melihat kemungkinan penggunaan krikil Madura sebagai agregat kasar beton, telah dilakukan penelitian kekuatan terhadap kerikil Madura yang berasal dari Paterongan, Torjun, dan Omben. Meskipun secara umum dapat dikatakan sifat-sifat fisik kerikil tersebut mendekati sama dengan kerikil dari Mojokerto atau Pasuruan dan memenuhi syarat SNI, ACI, ASTM maupun BS, hanya krikil dari Torjun yang memenuhi syarat kepipihan. Modulus kehalusan kerikil tersebut juga tidak memenuhi syarat SNI walaupun masih memenuhi syarat BS. Penggunaan kerikil Paterongan, Torjun, dan Omben untuk mix disain 225 kg/cm2 ternyata di bawah target yang diharapkan, sehingga kerikil Paterongan dan Omben direkomendasi hanya untuk beton rabat, sedangkan kerikil dari Torjun kemungkinan masih bisa digunakan untuk beton struktur dengan perbaikan gradasi.

  16. PENGARUH FREE CASH FLOW DAN STRUKTUR KEMPEMILIKAN TERHADAP DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurica Lucyanda

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji bagaimana free cash flow dan struktur kepemilikan berpengaruh terhadap dividend payout ratio pada perusahaan nonkeuangan yang terdaftar pada Bursa Efek Indonesia. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Penelitian ini menggunakan data empiris dari Bursa Efek Indonesia dengan sampel sebanyak 70 perusahaan per tahun untuk tiga periode (2007-2009. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian, ditemukan bahwa variabel yang mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap pembagian dividen adalah free cash flow, kepemilikan institusional, dan ukuran perusahaan. Jumlah free cash flow perusahaan yang tinggi, persentase kepemilikan institusional yang rendah, dan ukuran perusahaan yang besar akan menghasilkan dividend payout ratio yang tinggi. Variabel kepemilikan keluarga, kepemilikan asing, kebijakan utang, dan kesempatan investasi tidak terbukti mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap Dividend Payout Ratio perusahaan.This study aims at testing the effect of free cash flow and ownership structure on the dividend payout ratio of non-financial companies, listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Multiple regression was employed to analyze data. The study collected empirical data from the Indonesia Stock Exchange consisting of 70 companies. The data were collected from financial report from three consecutive years (2007-2009. The finding indicates that the variables which have a significant effect on the dividend payout ratio are free cash flow, institutional ownership, and firm size. The high free cash flow,  the low percentage of institutional ownership, and the large size companies will produce high dividends. The variable of family ownership, foreign ownership, debt policy, and investment opportunities do not significantly effect corporate dividend payout ratio.

  17. Krav och Kontroll på arbetet : - vilka förklaringsvariabler påverkar individens upplevelse?

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöberg-Linna, Annica

    2011-01-01

    Arbetsmiljön kan enligt Karasek och Theorell (1990) karaktäriseras i två dimensioner, psykologiska krav från arbetet och i vilken utsträckning individen möter dessa med hjälp av egenkontrollen. De har utvecklat krav-kontroll modellen som mäter den psykosociala arbetsmiljön. Modellen används i denna studie för att undersöka huruvida några förklaringsvariabler relaterar till individens upplevelse av krav och kontroll på arbetet. Deltagarna fick besvara en enkät besående av olika variabler och s...

  18. Om rättssäkerheten i instans- och processordningen : ur ett svenskt asylrättsligt perspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Gisslén, Kristofer

    2007-01-01

    Den 1 Mars 2006 ersattes den gamla UtlL (1989:529) av en ny UtlL (2005:716) med stora förändringar i instans- och processordningen. De grundläggande kraven på denna var att öppenheten i asylprocessen skulle öka, att de sökande skulle ges ökade möjligheter till muntlig förhandling vid överklagande av asyl- och medborgarskapsärenden, att processen skulle bestå av en tvåpartsprocess och att instans- och processordningen skulle utformas så att kraven på skyndsam handläggning uppfylldes. I denna u...

  19. Vinstvarningars påverkan på företag i Large och Small Cap? :  

    OpenAIRE

    Maliqi, Agon; Persson, Henric

    2013-01-01

    Den här studien undersöker hur vinstvarningar påverkar stora och små företag. För att förklara dess påverkan på företagen har den effektiva marknadshypotesen och behavioral finance använts som grund. Avgränsningen har gjorts till Stockholmsbörsen då inga tidigare studier haft fokus på den. Empirin visar att företag i Large Cap påverkas med i snitt -4,63% och företagen i Small Cap med -8,42%. Large Cap visade signifikanta abnorma avkastningar under eventdatumet och dagen efter medan Small Cap ...

  20. Analisis Zona Permeabel Fluida Sistem Panas Bumi Gunungapi Slamet Berdasarkan Analisis Kerapatan Kelurusan Citra SRTM Dan Struktur Geologi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachrul Iswahyudi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan manifestasi panasbumi di sekitar Gunungapi Slamet tidak dapat dipisahkan dari zona-zona permeabilitas yang berkembang. Lokasi-lokasi lulus air tersebut (zona permeabel yang memungkinkan terbentuknya sirkulasi fluida tempat air masuk untuk mengisi reservoir panas bumi dan air keluar ke permukaan bumi sebagai manifesatasi mata air panasbumi di sekitar Gunungapi Slamet. Publikasi yang berupa hasil penelitian ini mencoba mengidentifikasi zona-zona permeabel tersebut berdasarkan anaslisis kerapatan kelurusan yang terekam dalam citra SRTM. Identifikasi kelurusan-kelurusan pada citra berdasarkan komponen-komponen interpretasi citra, yaitu tona, tekstur, pola, bentuk dan relief. Hasil analisis tersebut dikompilasi dengan data struktur geologi regional yang sebelumnya telah diidentifikasi dan data lapangan berupa manifestasi mata air panas. Lokasi-lokasi dengan kerapatan kelurusan yang tinggi pada citra SRTM umumnya bersesuaian dengan zona struktur geologi regional keberadaan manifestasi mata air panas. Daerah tersebut memanjang relatif utara-selatan di bagian barat dan timur-barat di bagian selatan peta. Daerah-daerah inilah yang merupakan daerah lulus air tempat fluida bersirkulasi membentuk sistem panasbumi Gunungapi Slamet.

  1. STRUKTUR MORFOLOGI, KOMPOSISI KIMIA DAN RESISTANSI LAPISAN TIO2-CU SEBAGAI LAPISAN AKTIF PADA SEL SURYA FOTOELEKTROKIMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Prasetyowati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan efisiensi sel surya titania terus dikembangkan. Salah satunya adalah memodifikasi titania yang berfungsi sebagai lapisan aktif. Lapisan titania dapat disisipi dengan logam Cu. Penyisipan logam Cu pada TiO2 dilakukan melalui pembuatan nanokomposit TiO2-Cu dengan metode sol-gel. Lapisan TiO2-Cu yang terbentuk dikarakterisasi dengan SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy untuk mengetahui struktur morfologi permukaan, EDX (Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy untuk mengetahui komposisi bahan. Sedangkan resistansi lapisan diukur menggunakan Jembatan Wheatstone. Berdasarkan hasil SEM dapat ditunjukkan bahwa struktur morfologi permukaan lapisan TiO2-Cu tidak berbeda secara signifikan dengan lapisan TiO2, yaitu cukup homogen dan memiliki ukuran butir (grain yang hampir sama. Tetapi dari hasil EDX diperoleh bahwa lapisan TiO2-Cu yaitu lapisan TiO2 yang disisipi logam tembaga mengandung  unsur Ti sebanyak 59,8%, unsur O sebanyak 40,02% dan unsur Cu sebanyak 0,19%. Sedangkan lapisan TiO2 saja mengandung unsur Ti sebanyak 54,25% dan unsur O sebanyak 45,75%. Penyisipan logam tembaga pada lapisan titania dapat menurunkan resistansi listrik lapisan. Nilai resistansi lapisan TiO2 adalah 7,714 kilo ohm. Sedangkan nilai resistansi lapisan TiO2-Cu adalah 6,624 kilo ohm.

  2. Från yrkesvalslärare till karriärvägledare : Studie- och yrkesvägledaryrket i ett professionaliseringsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Holmsten, Nina; Lehninger, Jeannette

    2009-01-01

    I Sverige finns det idag ett stort antal yrken och en del av dessa är i en professionaliseringsprocess. Studie- och yrkesvägledaryrket är ett exempel på ett yrke i denna process. Syftet är att beskriva utvalda aktörers syn på studie- och yrkesvägledaryrkets avgränsningar, kompetens samt eventuella auktorisation i ett professionaliseringsperspektiv. En kvalitativ metod har använts och fem elitintervjuer har genomförts med representanter från Lärarförbundet, Lärarnas Riksförbund, Sveriges vägle...

  3. Gympa på skärmen : En kvalitativ studie om IKT-stöd i undervisning i idrott och hälsa

    OpenAIRE

    Herco, Adnan

    2017-01-01

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka elevernas upplevelser och erfarenheter av IKT-stöd i undervisningen i idrott och hälsa och hur användningen av IKT bidrog till deras lärande. Den metod som användes i studien var kvalitativa intervjuer genom stimulated recall och nio elever från en högstadieskola intervjuades. Eleverna som intervjuades i studien hade deltagit i IKT-stödd undervisning under en tvåårsperiod där en del av lektionerna spelades in på video. Videodokumentationens syf...

  4. HUBUNGAN PANJANG BOBOT, FAKTOR KONDISI DAN STRUKTUR UKURAN IKAN LEMURU (Sardinella lemuru DI PERAIRAN SELAT BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Wujdi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ikan lemuru merupakan jenis ikan hasil tangkapan utama kegiatan perikanan di perairan Selat Bali yang status pemanfaatannya sudah mengalami lebih tangkap dan memerlukan upaya pengelolaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan panjang dan bobot, faktor kondisi, serta struktur ukuran ikan lemuru di perairan Selat Bali. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Agustus 2010 hingga Desember 2011 dengan metode survei dan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan panjang dan bobot ikan lemuru mengikuti persamaan W=0,007FL3,167 dan memiliki pola pertumbuhan allometrik positif (b>3 namun pada setiap bulannya mengalami perubahan pola pertumbuhan. Nilai faktor kondisi relatif berkisar antara 0,95-1,28 dan berfluktuasi setiap bulannya. Hasil ini diduga dipengaruhi oleh ketersediaan makanan. Ikan lemuru berukuran kecil atau “sempenit” (<11 cmFL banyak tertangkap pada bulan Agustus dan September 2010 serta Juli dan November 2011 dan diduga pada waktu tersebut terjadi awal rekruitmen.   Bali sardinella (“lemuru” is mostly caught by fishers in the Bali Strait waters, and its status predicted have overfishing so that it needs to manage this resources. The purpose of this study to investigate the length-weight relationship, the condition factors and size structure of lemuru in the Bali Strait waters. The data was collected through survey and direct observation in the field from August 2010 to December 2011. The result of this study shows that length-weight relationship could be described as W = 0.007 FL3, 167. Nevertheless,  it is change on the growth pattern by monthly. The value of relative condition factors of lemuru were ranging from 0.95 to 1.28 and very fluctuated by monthly. It is predicted that influenced by feed availability in Bali Strait waters. The smaal size of lemuru, namely “sempenit (<11 cmFL are dominantly caught during August to September 2010 and July and November 2011 that indicated

  5. PELAKSANAAN KEWENANGAN KEPALA DAERAH DALAM PENENTUAN MUTASI PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL DALAM JABATAN STRUKTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adia Ferizko

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak                   :            Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan kewenangan bupati dalam menentukan mutasi PNS dalam jababtan structural di lingkungan Kabupaten Rokan Hilir . Metode dalam melakukan penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum empiris . Sebagai data utama adalah data primer , yaitu data yang langsung diperoleh dari sumber dan wawancara dan didukung oleh data sekunder. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis kualitatif . Dalam menarik kesimpulan, penelitian ini menggunakan metode penalaran induktif , berdasarkan contoh khusus untuk mencapai kesimpulan umum tentang sesuatu.  Hasil penelitian ini adalah kewenangan bupati dalam menentukan mutasi PNS dalam jababtan struktural di lingkungan Kabupaten Rokan Hilir .telah dilakukan dengan baik meskipun ada beberapa kasus mutasi tercemar dengan alasan politik atau balas jasa , tapi masih sesuai dengan hukum. Kata Kunci        :    Pelaksanaan kewenangan, penentu mutasi Abstract               :    The aim of this research paper is to find out the regent’s authority implementation in deciding structural-rank civil servant officers mutation in Rokan Hilir regency administration. The method in conducting this research paper is empirical legal research. As the main data is primary data, namely data directly gained from source and interview and supported by secondary data. This research paper uses qualitative analytical method. In drawing conclusion, this research paper uses inductive reasoning method, based on particular examples to reach a general conclusion about something. The result of this research paper is the regent’s authority in deciding structural-rank civil servant officers mutation in Rokan Hilir regency administration has been carried out well although there are some mutation cases tainted with political or logrolling reason, but it’s still in line with the law.  Keyword     

  6. Riskuppfattningar om preventivmedel för män och kvinnor : altruism, riskbenägenhet och traditionella könsroller

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson Gauffin, Rebecka

    2017-01-01

    Preventivmedel för kvinnor innefattar en betydande andel biverkningar. Hittills har män inte upplevt några allvarliga biverkningar av de testade preventivmedlen för män, trots detta är det biverkningarna som stoppat preventivmedel för män från att lanseras på marknaden. I denna studie argumenteras för att en möjlig förklaring till detta ligger i skilda riskuppfattningar om preventivmedel för män och kvinnor. Studien undersöker riskuppfattningar om preventivmedel samt hur individers egenskaper...

  7. Modellering och analys av grundvattenflödet i en byggnads grundläggning

    OpenAIRE

    Hargelius, Malcolm

    2018-01-01

    På en fastighet i Luthagen i Uppsala uppfördes en byggnad grundlagd på träpålar år 1936. Under 60-talet uppstod läckage på en spillvattenledning vilket ledde till en kontaminering av sprickvattenakviferen där träpålar är särskilt utsatta för påverkan av bakterie, svamp- och virusangrepp till följd av torrläggning. För att spola bort kontaminerat sprickvatten och för att hålla en jämn sprickvattennivå i akviferen installerades påfyllningsbrunnar på två platser i källaren under huset. Brunnarna...

  8. Expansion av e-handelsverksamhet i detaljhandeln : En studie om utmaningar och framgångsfaktorer

    OpenAIRE

    Steen Lagerstam, Nathalie

    2016-01-01

    I vårt allt mer digitaliserade samhälle har internet fått en central roll, och har förändrat många aspekter i vårt vardagsliv. Ett av de områden som påverkats starkt av denna utveckling, är den svenska detaljhandelns e-handelsmarknad. De senaste 10 åren har dess omsättning sexdubblats, och prognoser tyder på att denna expansiva trend kommer att hålla i sig. Detta innebär helt nya förutsättningar för de svenska detaljhandelsföretag som tidigare bara bedrivit försäljning i fysiska butiker, elle...

  9. Fascians funktion och olika fysioterapeutiska interventioners effekt på fascian

    OpenAIRE

    Hackman, Mikaela

    2017-01-01

    Fasciabehandlingar är ett relativt nytt område inom fysioterapin, även om intresse för ämnet funnits redan under antikens tid. Forskningsmetoderna har i dag blivit bättre och vi kan undersöka vävnader som varit omöjliga att undersöka tidigare, på grund av tek-nikbrist. Syftet med det här arbetet är att ta reda på vad forskningen idag kommit fram till i fråga om fascia, ffa då det handlar om smärta, och hur fysioterapeuten kan ha nytta av kunskapen vid behandling av klienter. Den första forskn...

  10. Solcellsparkeringen : En jämförande fallstudie för elbilar och bensinbilar

    OpenAIRE

    Myrén Andersson, Isac; Yttermyr-Sütt, Frans

    2017-01-01

    Av Sveriges totala växthusgasutsläpp är det i nuläget transportsektorn som står för den största andelen och står för mer än 30 % av alla utsläpp. Med ett ökande fordonsbestånd och ett fortsatt behov av transporter blir lösningar som minskar utsläppen från denna sektor avgörande för Sveriges hållbara utveckling. Eftersom 93 % av Sveriges drygt 4,7 miljoner personbilar drivs av fossila bränslen skulle investeringar i alternativa färdmedel såsom elbilar kunna leda Sverige i rätt riktning. Förfat...

  11. Multifaktormodeller på den svenska marknaden - En studie av OMX Stockholm mellan 1996 och 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Hammarfrid, Peter; Henningsson, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Bakgrund:CAPM räcker i flera tillfällen inte till för att estimera framtida avkastning. Vissa av prisavvikelsernafrån CAPM är väldokumenterade och har bestått över tid, vilket har lett till uppkomsten avkorrigerande faktorer. En modell som använder sig av två sådana korrigerande faktorer är Fama ochFrenchs tre-faktormodell. Den har testats flertalet gånger på den svenska marknaden där den visat gehögre förklaringsgrader än CAPM. År 2012 samt år 2014 presenterades två nya multifaktormodeller,s...

  12. Determination of 25-OCH3-PPD and the related substances by UPLC-MS/MS and their cytotoxic activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Meng; Lu, Jingjing; Zhao, Chen; Zhang, Sainan; Zhao, Yuqing

    2016-06-01

    20(R)-25-methoxyl-dammarane-3β,12β,20-triol (25-OCH3-PPD) is a promising antitumor compound belonging to triterpenoid saponins isolated from radix notoginseng. A systematic research on the related impurities in raw material of 25-OCH3-PPD has not been conducted. In this study, three impurities obtained by HPLC-ELSD and characterized by (13)C NMR and MS were observed in the raw material of 25-OCH3-PPD. Cytotoxic activities of the related substances were also evaluated, of which impurity B with 25-OCH3-PPD showed synergistic inhibitory activity against BGC-823 with IC50 values of 8.33μM. Furthermore, a rapid and selective UPLC-MS/MS method was developed for simultaneous determination of the principal component and three related substances in the raw material of 25-OCH3-PPD. Multiple reaction monitoring scan mode was used for the quantification of 20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD and its three related substances. The four constituents were separated within 11min on a BEH C18 column (100 mm×2.1mm, 1.7μm) using a mobile phase comprising methanol and 0.03% formic acid water (82:18, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.2mL/min. The proposed UPLC-MS/MS method displayed acceptable levels of linearity, precision, repeatability, and accuracy. In addition, the proposed method was successfully applied for the establishment of a rational quality control standard for the raw material of 25-OCH3-PPD. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. STRUKTUR PUNDEN BERUNDAK GUNUNG PADANG DAN ADAPTASI LINGKUNGAN Structure of Gunung Padang Stone Terrace and Enviromental Adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutfi Yondri

    2016-06-01

    Abstrak Situs Gunung Padang merupakan hasil temuan kembali pada tahun 1979. Sebelumnya temuan ini pernah dicatat oleh N.J. Krom pada tahun 1914. Sejak penemuan kembali pada tahun 1979, berturut-turut telah dilakukan penelitian oleh tim baik dari Direktorat Purbakala, PUSPAN (saat sekarang bernama Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi Nasional, Balai Arkeologi Bandung, Pemerintah Daerah, serta berbagai kelompok masyarakat yang mencoba menggali nilai-nilai lain yang terkandung dalam tinggalan tersebut. Dalam tulisan ini dibahas tentang fisik dan pola susun balok-balok batu penyusun struktur punden berundak dengan menerapkan metode deskriptif. Melalui penerapan metode ini diharapkan dapat diuraikan tentang refleksi adaptasi terhadap kondisi lingkungan dari masyarakat pendukung tradisi budaya pengagungan arwah nenek moyang (megalitik yang terjadi pada masa lalu.   Kata kunci: Gunung Padang, budaya megalitik, konstruksi, pola susun, adaptasi

  14. Analisis Pengaruh Cooling Rate pada Material ASTM A36 Akibat Kebakaran Kapal Terhadap Nilai Kekuatan, Kekerasan dan Struktur Mikronya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanus Arie Nugroho

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Pemadaman api pada kasus kebakaran kapal biasanya menggunakan air laut. Proses pemadaman api menyerupai perlakuan panas dengan pendinginan cepat yaitu quenching. Quenching adalah salah satu perlakuan panas pada material dengan pendinginan dalam waktu yang singkat. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh laju pendinginan cepat (quench terhadap nilai kekuatan, kekerasan serta struktur mikro dari material dengan variasi waktu quenching 30, 60 dan 90 menit serta variasi suhu 750oC, 850oC, dan 950oC untuk masing-masing perlakuan quenching. Hasil dari penelitian ini didapat, material dengan perlakuan panas dan tanpa perlakuan panas memiliki nilai kuat tarik, kekerasan dan struktur yang berbeda. Didapatkan nilai kuat tarik berbanding lurus dengan nilai kekerasan namun berbanding terbalik dengan diameter butir. Nilai kuat tarik tertinggi dimiliki oleh pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 850oC dan quenching 30 menit dengan nilai 587.51 MPa sedangkan nilai kuat tarik terendah dimiliki oleh pelat tanpa perlakuan dengan nilai 294.817 MPa. Pelat dengan nilai kekerasan tertinggi dimiliki oleh pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 950oC dan quenching 30 menit dengan nilai kekerasan 167.07HV dan nilai kekerasan terendah dimiliki oleh pelat tanpa perlakuan dengan nilai 108.17HV. Pelat tanpa perlakuan memiliki diameter butir terbesar yaitu 85.99 μm dan pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 950oC dan quenching 30 menit memiliki diameter besar butir 44.83 μm. Tingginya kuat tarik pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 850oC juga disebabkan karena jumlah persentase Pearlite yang tinggi sebesar 64.56%.

  15. Kendala Struktural dan Kultural Praktek Keterbukaan Informasi Publik di Badan Publik Non-Pemerintah : Studi Kasus PSSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narayana Mahendra Prastya

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discuss about case study on how Indonesian Football Association (Indonesian FA give their respond to do the Public Information Disclosure. Indonesian FA than express their objection to the demand. Indonesian FA choose as the object in this case, as a representative of non-governmental public organization. This article use Indonesian FA statement related to the Public Information Disclosure, that posted on official website www.pssi.org. Then I use frame analysis Robert N.Entman model as a analytical tool to the statement. The results show that there are two factors that cause Indonesian FA objection. First is structural factor that came from the Indonesian Public Disclosure Act and Act related to the management of football federation. The second is cultural factor that non-governmental public organization in Indonesia, in general, not accustomed to public disclosure obligation. Tulisan ini mengambil studi kasus bagaimana Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia merespon tuntutan untuk Keterbukaan Informasi Publik. Keputusan Komisi Informasi Pusat (KI Pusat bahwa PSSI harus menerapkan praktek Keterbukaan Informasi Publik mendapatkan keberatan dari pihak PSSI. Permasalahan pun berbuntut panjang hingga sampai di persidangan tingkat Mahkamah Agung. PSSI dipilih sebagai objek penelitian guna mengkaji bagaimana badan publik non-pemerintah memahami Keterbkaan Informasi Publik. Data dalam tulisan ini menggunakan pernyataan-pernyataan yang disampaikan PSSI melalui website www.pssi.org berkaitan dengan keputusan KI Pusat. Pernyataan tersebut kemudian dianalisis menggunakan framing model Robert N.Entman. Analisis menunjukkan terdapat kendala struktural dan kultural. Faktor struktural datang dari peraturan yang berkaitan dengan PSSI dan peraturan di UU KIP itu sendiri. Sedangkan faktor kultural berkaitan dengan kondisi badan publik non-pemerintah yang tidak terbiasa menghadapi tuntutan keterbukaan informasi.

  16. Natural product ginsenoside 25-OCH3-PPD inhibits breast cancer growth and metastasis through down-regulating MDM2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Zhang, Xu; Qin, Jiang-Jiang; Voruganti, Sukesh; Nag, Subhasree Ashok; Wang, Ming-Hai; Wang, Hui; Zhang, Ruiwen

    2012-01-01

    Although ginseng and related herbs have a long history of utility for various health benefits, their application in cancer therapy and underlying mechanisms of action are not fully understood. Our recent work has shown that 20(S)-25-methoxyl-dammarane-3β, 12β, 20-triol (25-OCH(3)-PPD), a newly identified ginsenoside from Panax notoginseng, exerts activities against a variety of cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. This study was designed to investigate its anti-breast cancer activity and the underlying mechanisms of action. We observed that 25-OCH(3)-PPD decreased the survival of breast cancer cells by induction of apoptosis and G1 phase arrest and inhibited the growth of breast cancer xenografts in vivo. We further demonstrated that, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, 25-OCH(3)-PPD inhibited MDM2 expression at both transcriptional and post-translational levels in human breast cancer cells with various p53 statuses (wild type and mutant). Moreover, 25-OCH(3)-PPD inhibited in vitro cell migration, reduced the expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, and prevented in vivo metastasis of breast cancer. In summary, 25-OCH(3)-PPD is a potential therapeutic and anti-metastatic agent for human breast cancer through down-regulating MDM2. Further preclinical and clinical development of this agent is warranted.

  17. M2-metoden: Minne och motivation i harmoni för ökad genomströmning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonard Suppatt Ngaosuvan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available God genomströmning är en ekonomisk förutsättning för lärosäten inom högre utbildning. Studiens syfte var att testa en didaktisk metod där studenter övar med tentamensuppgifter under kursens gång. Metoden testades på ett moment i metod och statistik på en samhällsvetenskaplig utbildning. Ett treveckorsmoment i kvantitativ metod och statistik genomfördes på avancerad nivå och bestod av föreläsningar, statistikövningar och gruppövningar. Inför momentet presenterades 117 uppgifter ur vilka ett stratifierat slumpvist urval konstituerade salstentan. Studenterna arbetade självständigt med studieuppgifterna med lärarstöd. Resultatet visade god genomströmning, där samtliga 64 förstagångstentander blev godkända. Metodens framgång i genomströmning förklaras i termer av både minnes- och motivationspsykologi. 

  18. MKB and SMB in the Northern countries[Environmental impact assessment; Strategic environmental assessment; Radiactive waste disporal]; MKB och SMB i Norden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broden, K. [Studsvik RadWaste AB (Sweden); Andersson, K. [Krinta konsult (Sweden)

    2001-12-01

    A meeting on Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment has been held in Turku, Finland, August 22-24 2001. It was held within the framework of two NKS projects: SOS-3 (Radioactive waste) and SOS- 1 (Risk assessment and strategies for safety). The meeting included presenta- tions, discussions and a study visit to the final repository for low- and intermedi- ate level radioactive waste and the intermediate storage for spent nuclear fuel at Olkiluoto. Abstract in Danish: Inom ramen for NKS-projekten SOS-3 (Avfall) och SOS-1 (Riskvaardering och strategi for saakerhet) har ett seminarium om miljokonsekvensbeskrivningar och strategisk miljokonsekvensbedomning haallits i Aabo 22-24 augusti, 2001. Seminariet omfattade foredrag, diskussioner samt en studieresa till Olkoluoto daar besok gjordes till mellanlagret for anvaant braansle och till slutforvaret for laag- och medelaktivt avfall. Under forutsaattning att styrelsen for NKS samtycker kommer ett nytt MKB- seminarium att haallas i Osthammar 2002. (au)

  19. Work-life balance utifrån ett arbetsgivarperspektiv : Om arbetsgivares arbete och inställning mot work-life balance

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Johan

    2014-01-01

    I och med att tid spenderad på arbetsplatsen verkar fortsätta öka blir allt mindre och mindre tid kvar till familj och fritid, eller det som i denna uppsats benämns som övrigt liv. Den vanligaste orsaken till att en individ upplever obalans är att arbetssfären är för dominerande och lämnar kvar för lite tid till övriga sfärer. Därför har syftet i denna uppsats varit att öka förståelsen för hur och varför olika arbetsgivare arbetar med work-life balance samt att ta reda på vad de har för instä...

  20. Digitala spel : En kvalitativ studie om E-sportspelares erfarenheter från karriär och upplevd hälsa

    OpenAIRE

    Szilagyi, Ivan

    2017-01-01

    Ungdomar och unga vuxna är de främsta användarna av digitala spel och även de främsta entusiasterna av fenomenet E-sport. Spelvanor är av betydelse då studier har påvisat att det finns determinanter, både fysiologiska och psykologiska som kan påverka individens välbefinnande.Syftet med studien var att undersöka professionella E-sportspelares erfarenheter av att utöva sin sport och hur de upplever att detta påverkar hälsan. En kvalitativ metod användes och datainsamling utfördes genom intervju...

  1. "Humankind before the flood" : En kvalitativ studie om användningen av retorik i en dokumentärfilm av och med Leonardo DiCaprio

    OpenAIRE

    Björnberg, Nana; Hansen, Jonna

    2018-01-01

    Följande studie undersökte Before the Flood, en dokumentärfilm av och med Leonardo DiCaprio, utifrån ett retoriskt perspektiv. Studiens syfte var att undersöka om och i så fall på vilket sätt Leonardo DiCaprio, experter och skaparna bakom dokumentärfilmen använde retoriska strategier för att förstärka Before the Flood’s budskap och verka övertygande inför sin publik. Som metod tillämpade studien kvalitativ textanalys och de tre grundläggande appellformerna, visuell retorik samt argumentation ...

  2. Föräldrar och förskolans matematik : En enkätundersökning om föräldrars inställning och uppfattning om matematik på förskolan

    OpenAIRE

    Elvsén, Johanna

    2006-01-01

    Enligt Lpfö-98 skall man på förskolan arbeta med att barnen utvecklar sin förmåga att upptäcka och använda matematik i meningsfulla sammanhang. Jag tror att en förutsättning för en lyckad förskoleverksamhet är att man har föräldrarnas stöd och intresse i de aktiviteter som förekommer och har därför genom enkäter undersökt hur föräldrar uppfattar matematik i förskolan, viken inställning de har, samt deras eventuella tankar om utformningen. Detta har jämförts med den aktuella förskolans tankar ...

  3. Sol och stränder eller bra bibliotek? : En studie över vilka faktorer som påverkar utlandsstudenters val av destination och lärosäte

    OpenAIRE

    Jokinen, Charlotta; Halling, Lisa Kristin

    2009-01-01

    Sammanfattning Akademi:     Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling, Mälardalens högskola. Nivå:             Kandidatuppsats i marknadsföring, 15 hp. Datum:         2009-05-18 Författare:   Lisa Kristin Halling och Charlotta Jokinen. Handledare: Lars Albert. Bakgrund:   I dagens samhälle är det vanligt att åka utomlands på semester och tidigare forskning har gjorts för att undersöka vilka faktorer det är som påverkar en resenär vid val av destination. Det är även vanligt förekomma...

  4. Ledarskapet och de två faktorerna : En induktiv studie för att förstå hur organisationsfaktorer och könsstereotyper påverkar ledarskap

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Hampus; Tang, Vinh; Vannfält, Jessica

    2018-01-01

    Sammanfattning   Titel: Ledarskapet och de två faktorerna: En induktiv studie för att förstå hur organisationsfaktorer och könsstereotyper påverkar ledarskap.   Seminariedatum: 2018-01-09   Akademi: Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalen Högskola   Ämne/kurs: FOA300, examensarbete i företagsekonomi på kandidatnivå.   Författare: Larsson, Hampus 930903, Tang, Vinh 940523, Vannfält, Jessica 911031   Handledare: Magnus Linderström   Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att genom en i...

  5. 25-OCH3-PPD induces the apoptosis of activated t-HSC/Cl-6 cells via c-FLIP-mediated NF-κB activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yan-ling; Wan, Ying; Jin, Xue-Jun; OuYang, Bing-Qing; Bai, Ting; Zhao, Yu-Qing; Nan, Ji-Xing

    2011-11-15

    25-OCH(3)-PPD is a dammarane-type triterpene sapogenin isolated from the roots, leaves and seeds of Panax notoginseng, which has shown anti-tumor effects in several human cancer lines. In this study, we evaluated the effects of 25-OCH(3)-PPD on apoptosis of activated t-HSC/Cl-6 cells induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The inhibitory effects of eleven compounds isolated from Panax ginseng and P. notoginseng were detected in activated t-HSC/Cl-6 cells. 25-OCH(3)-PPD produced a significant inhibitory effect on activated t-HSC/Cl-6 cells. However, 25-OCH(3)-PPD showed almost no effect on the cell viability of Chang liver cells, a type of normal human hepatic cell line. Therefore, we aimed to determine the anti-fibrotic potential of 25-OCH(3)-PPD and to characterize the signal transduction pathways involved in activated HSCs. 25-OCH(3)-PPD decreased the fibrosis markers, including α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), transforming growth factor β-1 (TGF-β1) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1). 25-OCH(3)-PPD elevated the level of cellular GSH in activated HSCs, which demonstrated that 25-OCH(3)-PPD might inhibit HSC activation by its antioxidant capacity. Further analyses revealed that 25-OCH(3)-PPD increased the levels of cleaved caspase-3, decreased the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and the expression of survivin via c-FLIP-mediated NF-κB activation and shed light on the regulation of apoptosis. Therefore, 25-OCH(3)-PPD may prove to be an excellent candidate agent for the therapy of hepatic fibrosis. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL DAN VOLUME PENJUALAN TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PADA PRIMER KOPERASI PURNAWIRAWAN ANGKATAN BERSENJATA REPUBLIK INDONESIA (PRIMKOPPABRI DI KABUPATEN KENDAL PERIODE 2010-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masumi Ananingati Rahayu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh secara parsial maupun simultan struktur modal dan volume penjualan terhadap profitabilitas pada Primer Koperasi Purnawirawan Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia(PRIMKOPPABRI di Kabupaten Kendal. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan motede statistik dan bersifat kausalitas yang mengacu pada laporan keuangan (neraca dan rugi laba dalam bentuk bulanan periode Januari sampai Desember selama tahun 2010-2012. Berdasarkan hasil uji secara parsial untuk struktur modal dan volume penjualan terhadap profitabilitas berpengaruh secara signifikan dengan kontribusi sebesar 14,5% untuk struktur modal sedangkan volume penjualan sebesar 7,07%. Secara simultan ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara struktur modal dan volume penjualan terhadap profitabilitas pada PRIMKOPPABRI Kab.Kendal dengan kontribusi sebesar 18,5%. Dari hasil perhitungan diperoleh persamaan regresi berganda sebagai berikut: Y= -0,005 + 0,029 X1+ 0,019 X 2 + e. The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze the effect of partially and simultaneously the capital structure on profitability and sales volume in the Primary Cooperative Retired Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia (PRIMKOPPABRI in Kendal. This study used a quantitative approach and descriptive research using statistical motede and causality are referring to the financial statements (balance sheet and income statement in the form of a monthly period of January to December during the years 2010-2012. Based on the test results for the partial capital structure on profitability and sales volume of significant influence with a contribution of 14,5 % to the capital structure while sales volume amounted to 7,07%. Simultaneously there is a significant influence of capital structure on profitability and sales volume in PRIMKOPPABRI Kab.Kendal with a contribution of 18,5 %. From the calculations

  7. Bildskapande i relation till genus i förskolans verksamhet : Att skapa sig själv och genus

    OpenAIRE

    Brännlund, Angelika

    2018-01-01

    Studiens syfte är att bidra till ökad medvetenhet för verksamma inom förskolans område kring frågor som rör pedagogers förhållningssätt kring relationen mellan bildskapande och genus, men även hur dessa förhållningssätt kan påverka barnens möjligheter i deras bildskapande. En viktig fråga som burits med från starten av arbetet och som lyser igenom i resultatdelen har varit: Vilka möjligheter att förhålla sig till bildskapande och genus kan uppstå om ett kritiskt sätt att tänka kring könsstere...

  8. It´s called being fabulous! : Genus och sexualitet i de visuella praktikerna kring Youtube-fenomenet Pewdiepie

    OpenAIRE

    Abrahamsson, Ola

    2013-01-01

    Denna uppsats behandlar hur olika föreställningar kring genus och sexualitet tar sig uttryck, dels i de videos som producerar på internet av karaktären Pewdiepie men också i det material som fansen genererar. Studien fokusera på en specifik videohändelse, en sekvens där Pewdiepie ikläder sig en rosa boa och bland annat säger säger ”It’s not called being gay. It’s called being fabulous!” samt vad som görs med denna händelse, hur den remedieras och tas i bruk av fansen. Detta har jag gjort geno...

  9. Motivation : En studie om lärares och elevers syn på motivation i skolan

    OpenAIRE

    Sundström, Jenny; Wiman, Malin

    2009-01-01

    I vårt examensarbete undersöker vi olika typer av motivation. Vårt syfte med arbetet var att undersöka lärares syn motivation samt elevers egen motivation i skolan. De frågeställningar vi utgick från var: 1. Vilken typ av motivation har elever i år 4 och år 5? 2. Finns det någon skillnad mellan pojkars och flickors motivation? 3. Vilken typ av motivation strävar lärare efter att elever ska erhålla och använda sig av? 4. Hur ser lärare på intrinsic (inre) motivation, extrinsic (yttre) motivati...

  10. Musikbranschen i förändring : Artistens möjligheter med och utan skivbolag

    OpenAIRE

    Järnström, Sofia Maria

    2011-01-01

    Syftet med mitt examensarbete är att undersöka i vilken utsträckning artister kan nå en publik utan att ingå ett skivkontrakt och att klargöra för vilka kanaler som finns tillgäng-liga för självständig marknadsföring. Undersökningen är kvalitativ och jag kommer att fokusera på fyra intervjuer med personer inom branschen. Jag fokuserar på dessa frågor: 1) Hur kan en artist nå ut med sin musik, utan att ha ett skivbolag bakom sig som marknadsförare och distributör? 2) Vilka nya...

  11. Hållbarhetsredovisning : Identifiering och prioritering av hållbarhetsfrågor i en verksamhet som Sweco Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Söderström, Anna-Karin

    2017-01-01

    I en hållbarhetsredovisning redovisar en organisation information om sin påverkan inom ekonomisk, miljömässig och social hållbar utveckling. Några av de inledande stegen i en redovisningsprocess är att identifiera organisationens hållbarhetsfrågor, och att bestämma frågornas prioriteringsordning för att på så sätt kunna bestämma ett väsentligt innehåll till redovisningen. De här stegen av redovisningsprocessen har varit i fokus under arbetet. En identifiering och prioritering av konsultbolage...

  12. Slutrapport - utökad samordning av landskapsövervakning och uppföljning av Natura 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Ståhl, Göran; Gardfjell, Hans; Glimskär, Anders; Hagner, Åsa; Holm, Sören; Walheim, Mats

    2007-01-01

    I denna kortversion av 2006 års slutrapport från projektet ”utökad samordning av landskaps- övervakning och uppföljning av Natura 2000” redovisas de viktigaste resultaten på ett sätt som gör dem enklare tillgängliga för inriktningsbeslut om ambitionsnivå för uppföljnings- arbetet. Nuvarande målsättning är att Naturamoment införlivas i Nationell Inventering av Landskapet i Sverige (NILS) och Riksinventeringen av Skog (RIS) från och med 2008; under 2009 beräknas kompletteran...

  13. Analys och förslag till förbättringar med avseende på GUI och funktion ur ett användbarhetsperpektiv av programvaran Service Desk Manager

    OpenAIRE

    Lindström, Håkan

    2012-01-01

    Företaget Kerfi AB i Norrköping är en leverantör av informationsteknik och har bland annat specialistkompetens inom service management. För detta använder de programvara från företaget CA technologies. CA Service Desk Manager är en så kallad IT Service Management applikation med processer för samordning och styrning av service management. Under inledande diskussioner kom det fram att även om programvaran har varit i bruk under flera år så finns det fortfarande problem med användargränssnittet...

  14. Machoideal och/eller meningslös underhållning? : Om fem mäns berättelser kring krigsfilmen Saving Private Ryan med fokus på maskulinitet och publiken som meningsskapare.

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Eva

    2005-01-01

    Uppsatsen undersöker fem mäns berättelser kring krigsfilmen Saving Private Ryan, med fokus på maskulinitet. Föreställningarna och bilderna kring maskulinitet som kan urskiljas i intervjupersonernas berättelser, knyts till R.W. Connells teoretiska ramverk kring hegemonisk maskulinitet och de hierarkiska relationerna mellan olika maskuliniteter. Vidare resoneras det kring hur berättelserna exemplifierar en syn på mediepublik som aktiva meningsskapare, då intervjupersonerna tar fasta på olika as...

  15. PENGARUH LEVEL OF ASSURANCE, REPUTASI KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK, STRUKTUR MODAL CALON DEBITUR, DAN UKURAN BANK TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN PEMBERIAN KREDIT BANK DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Tjondro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This research intends to know the influence of the level of assurance, CPA firm's reputation, aspirant debitor's capital structure and bank size on bank loan decisions. The applied regression technique used to solve this problem are Chi-square test, Friedman test and Regression with the help of software SPSS 10th version. This research's results proved that the aspirant debitor's capital structure and bank size have influence on bank lending decisions, while level of assurance and CPA firm's reputation proved of no influence on bank lending decisions. From these two variables, aspirant debitor's capital structure has the highest impact on bank loan decisions in Indonesia. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah level of assurance, reputasi kantor akuntan publik, struktur modal calon debitur, dan ukuran bank mempengaruhi keputusan pemberian kredit oleh bank. Teknik analisis yang digunakan untuk memecahkan masalah tersebut adalah Chi-square test, Friedman test, dan Regresi dengan memakai alat bantu software SPSS versi 10.0. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa struktur modal calon debitur dan ukuran bank berpengaruh terhadap keputusan pemberian kredit bank, sedangkan variabel level of assurance dan reputasi kantor akuntan publik terbukti tidak mempengaruhi keputusan pemberian kredit bank. Dari kedua variabel tersebut, struktur modal adalah variabel yang memiliki tingkat pengaruh paling tinggi terhadap keputusan pemberian kredit bank di Indonesia. Kata kunci: level of assurance, keputusan pemberian kredit bank.

  16. Feminismens skilda erfarenheter : Problematiken att kombinera islam och feminism för muslimska kvinnor i Sverige

    OpenAIRE

    Malmberg, Erik

    2016-01-01

    Till följd av att en muslimsk kvinna misshandlades i en förort till Stockholm på grund av att hon bar slöja, genomfördes den politiska manifestationen Hijabuppropet. Denna manifestation resulterade i att kvinnor uppmanades att beslöja sig i syfte att visa solidaritet för den misshandlade kvinnan, och muslimska kvinnor som en marginaliserad samhällsgrupp. Agerandet möttes med en stark kritik från bland annat den svenska kvinnorörelsen som menade att slöjan är anti-feministisk och representerar...

  17. Functional characterization of the gene FoOCH1 encoding a putative α-1,6-mannosyltransferase in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Min-Hui; Xie, Xiao-Ling; Lin, Xian-Feng; Shi, Jin-Xiu; Ding, Zhao-Jian; Ling, Jin-Feng; Xi, Ping-Gen; Zhou, Jia-Nuan; Leng, Yueqiang; Zhong, Shaobin; Jiang, Zi-De

    2014-04-01

    Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC) is the causal agent of banana Fusarium wilt and has become one of the most destructive pathogens threatening the banana production worldwide. However, few genes related to morphogenesis and pathogenicity of this fungal pathogen have been functionally characterized. In this study, we identified and characterized the disrupted gene in a T-DNA insertional mutant (L953) of FOC with significantly reduced virulence on banana plants. The gene disrupted by T-DNA insertion in L953 harbors an open reading frame, which encodes a protein with homology to α-1,6-mannosyltransferase (OCH1) in fungi. The deletion mutants (ΔFoOCH1) of the OCH1 orthologue (FoOCH1) in FOC were impaired in fungal growth, exhibited brighter staining with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Concanavalin A, had less cell wall proteins and secreted more proteins into liquid media than the wild type. Furthermore, the mutation or deletion of FoOCH1 led to loss of ability to penetrate cellophane membrane and decline in hyphal attachment and colonization as well as virulence to the banana host. The mutant phenotypes were fully restored by complementation with the wild type FoOCH1 gene. Our data provide a first evidence for the critical role of FoOCH1 in maintenance of cell wall integrity and virulence of F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Variable-energy positron annihilation study of subnanopores in SiOCH-based PECVD films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ito, Kenji; Oka, Toshitaka; Kobayashi, Yoshinori; Suzuki, Ryoichi; Ohdaira, Toshiyuki

    2007-01-01

    Subnanoporosity was introduced into SiOCH-based thin films by mixing tetraethyl orthosilicate with hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) in the plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition process, and was evaluated by the variable-energy positron annihilation lifetime technique. It was found that with increasing the HMDSO fraction both porosity and pore size were enhanced, as evidenced by the decreased refractive index and increased ortho-positronium lifetime. The lifetimes from 2.0 to 6.8 ns suggested the tunable pore volumes within a range of 0.1-0.7 nm 3

  19. Tjernobyl och rennäringen - Lägesrapport från Sverige

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Åhman

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available Status report about Chernobyl and reindeer husbandry in Sweden including participants' discussion.Abstract in Swedish / Sammanfattning: Den 1 juli hojdes grånsvårdet for Cs-137 i bl a renkott från 300 till 1 500 Bq/kg. Efter hojningen av grånsvårdet friklassades nåstan alla samebyar i Norrbottens lån under sarvslakten. Samtliga fjållsamebyar i Norrbottens lån utom den sydligaste år tills vidare helt friklassade. Tre samebyar i sodra delen av Jåmtlands lån var friklassade under sarvslakten. I ovrigt omfattas all renslakt i Våsterbottens och Jåmtlands lån av kontroll betråffande Cs-137. Under juli - aug i år var cesiumhalten lågre ån vid motsvarande tidpunkt i f jol (tabell 1 och figur 1. Under juli - aug slaktades drygt 1 000 renar i skogslandet i sodra delen av Våsterbottens lån (tabell 3. Fr.o.m. andra veckan i juli godkåndes de fiesta slaktkropparna. Halveringstiden for Cs-137 i renarna, som betade i skogslandet kring inlandsbanan i sodra delen av Våsterbottenslån, har beråknats till ca en vecka. Genom tidigarelåggning av sarvslakter i Våsterbottens lån (tabell 3 och norra delen av Jåmtlands lån (tabell 5 minskades kassationen med ett par tusen slaktkroppar. Under senare delen av september steg cesiumhalten till ungefår samma nivå som i f jol. En långsiktig prognos har utarbetats betråffande halten Cs-137 i renar på naturbete. Prognosen visar att omfattande åtgårder kommer att behova vidtagas under de nårmaste 15 - 25 åren om ren-kottet från samebyarna i sodra delen av Våsterbottens lån och norra delen av Jåmtlands lån skall kunna god-kånnas som livsmedel vid ett riktvårde på 1 500 Bq Cs-137/kg kott.

  20. Comparison Of Several Metrology Techniques For In-line Process Monitoring Of Porous SiOCH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fossati, D.; Imbert, G.; Beitia, C.; Yu, L.; Plantier, L.; Volpi, F.; Royer, J.-C.

    2007-01-01

    As porous SiOCH is a widely used inter-metal dielectric for 65 nm nodes and below, the control of its elaboration process by in-line monitoring is necessary to guarantee successful integration of the material. In this paper, the sensitivities of several non-destructive metrology techniques towards the film elaboration process drifts are investigated. It appears that the two steps of the process should be monitored separately and that corona charge method is the most sensitive technique of the review for this application

  1. Lärares yrkesetiska dilemman och den ökande juridifieringen i Sverige

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunnel Colnerud

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Följande artikel under temat “Etikbølgen i yrkesutdanning og praksis” beskriver och diskuterar etik och juridik i läraryrket med utgångspunkt i det dilemma som lärare själva anser vara ett av de svåraste enligt två svenska empiriska studier – att ingripa mot en kollega som handlar etiskt klandervärt mot elever. Artikeln diskuterar vidare den dygdetiska kritik mot regeletik som förekom vid tillkomsten av de etiska principerna. Vidare pekar den på de problem som följer av att lärarna är föremål för en tilltagande juridifiering. En våg, en bølge, kan beröra endast ytan som en krusning eller vara en djupgående och energirik rörelse. För att använda den aktuella metaforen på mitt studieobjekt skulle jag vilja påstå att diskussionen av lärares yrkesetik och medvetenheten om svenska lärares etiska riktlinjer utvecklades till en våg av endast blygsam storlek. I dagsläget (2014 har den ersatts av en juridisk våg med stor kraft.Nyckelord: etik i läraryrket, etiska dilemman, juridifiering av lärarpraktikenEnglish summary: Teachers’ ethical dilemmas and the juridification of the Swedish schoolIn this article, ethics and law in the teaching profession are described and discussed, starting with the ethical dilemma that teachers point to as the most difficult, according to referred empirical studies – intervention when a colleague acts in an ethically incorrect way towards students. Furthermore the author discusses the critique coming from virtue ethics in relation to ethical principles and shows that even Aristotle suggests ethical principles under certain circumstances. Swedish teachers’ ethical principles had very little time to be achieved before an increasing juridification of teaching took place. This phenomenon is discussed in terms of professional autonomy and professional judgement.http://dx.doi.org/10.5324/eip.v8i2.1856

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN MODIFIED STUDENT TEAMS ACHIEVEMENT DIVISION (MSTAD DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA PEMBELAJARAN STRUKTUR ALJABAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartika Sari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The application of Students Team Achievement Division (STAD model in learning algebra structure indicated that the model is slow on detecting an error in understanding the material and it also need more time to completely delivered all of the course’s material. Therefore, in this study STAD was modified into Modified Students Teams Achievement Division (MSTAD. MSTAD development was carried out through three stages: developing new ideas based on previous research, developing results, and conducting trials. Trials  were performed  on  students taking  Algebra Structure 1  course in  2013/2014  and  2014/2015 academic year in one of the universities in Bali. Results showed that error in understanding the material was detected early, and every material was delivered on time. Statistical analysis also showed that class where MSTAD was applied achieve significantly better learning outcomes compared to STAD class and conventional class for 2013/2014 academic year (t= -9,339 < t0,05(41 = -2,702 as well as 2014/2015 academic year (Z0,5(1-0,01=0,4950 = 2,57.   ABSTRAK Penerapan   model   Student Team Achievement Division (STAD dalam pembelajaran Struktur Aljabar menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan dalam memahami materi lambat terdeteksi dan perlu tambahan waktu untuk menyelesaikan semua materi. Oleh karena itu, dalam penelitian ini dikembangkan modifikasi model STAD yaitu model pembelajaran Modified Student Teams Achievement Division (MSTAD.Pengembangan dilakukan melalui tiga tahap yaitu mengembangkan ide baru berdasarkan penelitian sebelumnya, mengem- bangkan hasil, dan melaksanakan uji coba. Uji coba dilakukan pada mahasiswa yang mengambil mata kuliah Struktur Aljabar 1 pada Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014 dan 2014/2015 di Jurusan Matematika salah satu Universitas di Bali. Hasil ujicoba menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan dalam memahami materi dapat terdeteksi lebih awal dan materi juga dapat diselesaikan tepat waktu. Hasil analisis statistik juga menunjukkan

  3. Vem leder organisationens narrativ? : En jämförelse mella Kvinnojouren Emblas och Rädda Barnens kommunikation på Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Pakola Monsen, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    Det är inget nytt att undersöka interaktioner på Facebook, dock är det oftast ur privatpersoners synvinkel Facebook undersöks och inte lika ofta ur en organisations synvinkel. Den här studien syftar till att fylla en del av gapet i medie- och kommunikationsforskningen om hur ideella organisationer beter sig på Facebook genom att undersöka den narrativa processen hos två ideella organisationer och hur delaktiga användare är i organisationernas berättelse beroende på organisationens storlek, Kv...

  4. Bör Barnkonventionen bli lag i Sverige? : En komparativrättslig studie om barnets rättigheter i Sverige och Norge.

    OpenAIRE

    Hedman, Wendela

    2014-01-01

    Abstrakt ”Bör barnkonventionen bli lag i Sverige? – En komparativrätts-lig studie on barnets rättigheter genom barnkonventionen i Sverige & Norge” Uppsatsen diskuterar med en komparativrättslig metodik implementeringen och inkorporering av barnkonventionen i Sverige och Norge. I tre steg ämnar uppsatsen att undersöka huruvida barnkonventionen bör implementeras till fullo och göras till svensk lag på samma sätt som Norge har valt att göra.Uppsatsen fokuserar på FN:s barnrättkommittés yttra...

  5. Etik och marknadsföring i bloggar : Var går gränsen för smygreklam?

    OpenAIRE

    Hellman, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att belysa marknadsföringen i bloggar och dess etiska problem. Avsikten är att redogöra för var gränsen för smygreklam går och att få reda på hur mycket bloggarna känner till om ämnet. Bloggarnas andel av sociala medier samt mängden bloggläsare har vuxit explosionsartat. Marknadsföring och reklam i soci-ala medier har vuxit i och med populariteten av sociala medier bland folket. På grund av den ökade marknadsföringen i bloggar har smygreklam uppstått. Efterso...

  6. Fantasifull utflykt med skilda perspektiv : En studie om genus, normbrytning och stereotyper i bilderboken Se upp för krokodilen! (2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Ljungberg, Sofia

    2015-01-01

    Studien undersöker hur könsroller gestaltas ur ett genusperspektiv i bilderboken Se upp för krokodilen! (Moroni & Eriksson, 2013). Syftet är att få djupare kunskaper om hur dessa skildringar speglar målen i läroplanen för förskolan om att motverka traditionella könsnormer och främja jämställdhet och likabehandling mellan könen. Forskare menar att bilderboken är ett användbart och didaktiskt verktyg för att fånga barns intressen och påverka deras tankegångar. Tidigare forskning (Kåreland, ...

  7. Webb Couture : En studie om hur modedesign kan inspirera och förändra webbdesignprocessen för att utmana User Experience standarder

    OpenAIRE

    Carlfjord, Adam; Gustavsson, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Webbdesign är ett hantverk med potential till oändlig variation och oräkneliga möjligheter, men det är även en process styrd av standarder och förhållningssätt för att optimera resultatet för slutanvändaren. Begrepp så som user experience och framför allt user experience design har i och med utvecklingen blivit allt viktigare aktörer inom webbdesign. Samtidigt som de underlättar i utvecklingsprocessen genom att diktera hur design bör utformas, skapar de inte också då begränsningar av potentia...

  8. Karlstads universitet - Ut i skogen, vad ska jag dit och göra? : En rapport om skapandet av ett unikt monterkoncept

    OpenAIRE

    Bergman, Karin; Jernberg, Jonna

    2012-01-01

    Sammanfattning Mässor förekom som fenomen redan under medeltiden och har allt sedan dess använts som en kanal för försäljning och marknadsföring. Idag tävlar företag och organisationer om mässbesökares uppmärksamhet genom att skapa attraktiva montrar med vinnande koncept som ska locka människor och få dem att lägga företagsnamnet på minnet. Detta är vad Karlstads universitet haft i åtanke då de utformat beskrivningen till detta projekt. Bakgrunden till projektet är att universitetet finns r...

  9. Etching Enhancement Followed by Nitridation on Low-k SiOCH Film in Ar/C5F10O Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyawaki, Yudai; Shibata, Emi; Kondo, Yusuke; Takeda, Keigo; Kondo, Hiroki; Ishikawa, Kenji; Okamoto, Hidekazu; Sekine, Makoto; Hori, Masaru

    2013-02-01

    The etching rates of low-dielectric-constant (low-k), porous SiOCH (p-SiOCH) films were increased by nitrogen-added Ar/C5F10O plasma etching in dual-frequency (60 MHz/2 MHz)-excited parallel plate capacitively coupled plasma. Previously, perfluoropropyl vinyl ether [C5F10O] provided a very high density of CF3+ ions [Nagai et al.: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45 (2006) 7100]. Surface nitridation on the p-SiOCH surface exposed to Ar/N2 plasma led to the etching of larger amounts of p-SiOCH in Ar/C5F10O plasma, which depended on the formation of bonds such as =C(sp2)=N(sp2)- and -C(sp)≡N(sp).

  10. Sjuksköterskor och skötares upplevelser av möten i psykiatrisk öppenvård : En intervjustudie

    OpenAIRE

    Bäckman, Jenny; Nyman, Nyman

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka sjuksköterskors och skötares upplevelser av möten med patienter i psykiatrisk öppenvård.   Bakgrund – I psykiatrisk öppenvård möter sjuksköterskor och skötare många olika människor med individuella behov. Sedan tidigare forskning har det framkommit att patienters känsla av trygghet uppkommer genom faktorer som personalens inställning och empati. Relationen mellan personal och patient är viktig för patientens känsla av att bli tagen på allvar samt att bli b...

  11. [Minna Ahokas. Valistus suomalaisessa kirjakulttuurissa 1700-luvulla. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 188] / Tuija Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Tuija, 1964-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Minna Ahokas. Valistus suomalaisessa kirjakulttuurissa 1700-luvulla. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 188. Diss. Sasatamala : Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (Suomen Tiedeseura, 2011)

  12. Effektivisering av materialhantering inom hälso- och sjukvård : En fallstudie på Barnonkologen, Uppsala Akademiska sjukhus

    OpenAIRE

    Forsberg, Marcus; Tådne, Lukas

    2016-01-01

    Barnonkologen vid Uppsala Akademiska sjukhus är en barnavdelning för blod- och tumörsjukdomar. Avdelningen hanterar dagligen en stor mängd förbrukningsvaror för att kunna utföra en högkvalitativ och säker vård för patienterna. Ett identifierat behov är att effektivisera det nuvarande inventerings- och beställningsförfarandet på avdelningen, samt att organisera förråden efter personalens behov. Denna studie utreder och ger förslag på hur Barnonkologen kan förbättra sin hantering av förbrukning...

  13. I nöd och lust : En praktisk studie om hållbara bröllopssminkningar inspirerat av årstidernas färger

    OpenAIRE

    Guldbrand, Ida

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med detta arbete är att beskriva med vilka sminktekniker och produkter man får till hållbara bröllopssminkningar inspirerade av årstidernas färger, för att visa hur färger, tekniker och produkter anpassas i bröllopssminkningar. Detta för att visa de egna kunskaperna inom området och för att kunna inspirera blivande brudar. Arbetet kommer även vara till nytta för estenomer, branschmänniskor och andra människor som är intresserade av området då de också kan inspireras av arbetet. So...

  14. RANCANG BANGUN GAME ALGORITMA DAN STRUKTUR DATA BERBASIS ROLE PLAYING GAME (RPG SEBAGAI MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MAHASISWA TEKNIK INFORMATIKA UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cindy Taurusta

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil survey yang dilakukan peneliti pada Mahasiswa/i Teknik Informatika semester 5 sebanyak 41.9% dan semester 7 sebanyak 24.2%, diperoleh hasil bahwa dari beberapa pelajaran pemrograman dasar di Jurusan Teknik Informatika, mata kuliah Algortima dan Struktur Data lah yang memiliki prosentasi tingkat kepahaman paling rendah yaitu 11.5% dan tingkat kesukaan/minat hanya 8.2%. Maka dari itu peneliti membuat Rancang Bangun Game Algoritma dan Struktur Data Berbasis Role Playing Game (RPG Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Mahasiswa Teknik Informatika Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo. mayoritas mahasiswa lebih suka bermain game sambil mengungkapkan misi yaitu sebesar 85,7%. Dan didapat bahwa sebesar 61,9% koresponden mengatakan bahwa game Algoritma dan Struktru Data “Fun with ALGOS” ini sudah dapat dikatakan sangat efektif, bagus, dan menyenangkan. Sedangkan hasil apakah game ini perlu diterapkan dalam metode pengajaran Algoritma dan Struktur Data, didapat sebesar 66,7% mahasiswa mendukung metode ini diterapkan di seluruh Universitas. Sedangkan dari sisi Ahli Materi, sebesar 100% mengatakan bahwa perlu ada metode pengajaran baru. Dan ketika peneliti menanyakan apakah metode pembelajaran baru itu berupa game, maka kedua ahli meteri tersebut juga seluruhnya yaitu 100% mengatakan setuju, karena memberikan warna baru dalam dunia pengajaran. Namun untuk materinya sendiri masih kurang sesuai penyampaiaan dalam setiap misinya, maka perlu ditingkatkan kepahaman materi dengan misi yang harus diselesaikan pemain. Dari segi ahli media sendiri mengatakan bahwa sebesar 100% mengatakan bahwa game ini menarik untuk dimainkan begitupun dari segi storyboard-nya. Namun dari segi grafisnya seluruh ahli media yaitu 100% mengatakan cukup menarik dan dari segi karakternya masih kurang dan monoton. Sedangkan dari segi ketertarikan seluruh aspek koresponden mulai dari mahasiswa, ahli materi, dan ahli media terdapat rata – rata 3.67 (sangat baik yang membuktikan

  15. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS DAN RELUNG MAKANAN IKAN PASCA INTRODUKSI IKAN PATIN SIAM (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus DI WADUK MALAHAYU, KABUPATEN BREBES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunto Purnomo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Studi tentang struktur komunitas ikan dan pembagian sumber daya pakan ikan pasca introduksi ikan patin siam (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus di Waduk Malahayu (620 ha dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi jenis ikan, preferensi makanan, dan luas relung tiap jenis ikan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan metode survei pada bulan Agustus sampai Nopember 2009 dan bulan Maret sampai Oktober 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa struktur komunitas ikan terdiri atas 13 jenis ikan, yang didominansi oleh ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus, udang (Macrobrachium sp., dan gabus (Channa striata. Jenis-jenis sumber daya pakan yang dimanfaatkan oleh ikan adalah fitoplankton (20%, detritus (19%, zooplankton (17%, insekta (11%, tumbuhan air (9%, ikan (9%, udang (9%, dan moluska (6%. Ikan patin siam, mujair (Oreochromis mossambicus, dan beunteur (Puntius binotatus bersifat generalis karena mampu memanfaatkan semua sumber daya pakan alami yang tersedia. Ikan sili (Macrognathus aculeatus dan keting (Mystus nigriceps lebih bersifat spesialis karena hanya memanfaatkan insekta sebagai makanan utamanya. Peluang kompetisi antara ikan patin siam (diintroduksikan tahun 2009 dan ikan nila relatif kecil sebab sumber daya pakan utamanya berbeda, yaitu ikan patin siam memanfaatkan moluska sebagai makanan utamanya sedangkan ikan nila sebagian memanfaatkan fitoplankton. Hasil tangkapan ikan di waduk ini berkisar antara 34,3-1.323,1 ton/tahun dengan rata-rata 157,3 ton/tahun.   Malahayu Reservoir located in Brebes Regency, was impounded in 1930, with a surface area of 620 hectares, a mean water depth of 8 m. Its main function are flood control and irrigation. Study on fish community structure and food resource partitioning of fishes in Malahayu Reservoir were conducted from August to November 2009 and March to October 2010. The aim of the study was to evaluate the existing condition of fish resources, with emphasis on species composition, food preferency, and

  16. KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAN EKONOMI PEMERINTAH KOLONIAL BELANDA YANG BERPENGARUH PADA MORPOLOGI BENTUK DAN STRUKTUR BEBERAPA KOTA DI JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Political, economic and security situation after the end of War of Java (1825 - 1830 greatly influenced the morphology (shape and structure of towns in Java. The overruling power, which grew stronger and stronger on the remote towns after the war, had caused the colonial government to appoint Bandung with a garrison in Cimahi as the 'garrison town' for the hinterland of West Java, Magelang for Central Java, and Malang for East Java. Economically, the political decision to run 'Cultuurstelsel' (Enforced Cultivation, 1830 - 1870, and the published 'Law of Land Ownership' (1870 had caused the occurrence of 'central cities of production, distribution and trade' in several regions in Java. Besides this, the increase of prosperity level due to economic development especially at the beginning of the 20th century has created resort towns in the mountainous areas in West Java, Central Java and East Java. Traces of the formation process of these towns are still visible up to now. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Situasi politik, ekonomi dan keamanan sesudah selesainya Perang Jawa (1825-1830 , berpengaruh sangat besar terhadap morpologi (bentuk dan struktur kota-kota di P. Jawa. Cengkeraman kekuasaan yang makin kuat terhadap kota-kota pedalaman sesudah Perang Jawa mengakibatkan pemerintah kolonial menentukan kota Bandung dengan garnizun di Cimahi sebagai 'kota garnizun' untuk pedalaman Jawa Barat, Magelang untuk pedalaman Jawa Tengah dan Malang untuk pedalaman Jawa Timur. Sedangkan dalam bidang ekonomi keputusan politik untuk menjalankan sistim Tanam Paksa (Cultuurstelsel, th. 1830-1870, serta dikeluarkannya 'undang-undang agraria' (th.1870 mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota sentra produksi, distribusi dan perdagangan' di berbagai tempat di Jawa. Sedangkan naiknya tingkat kemakmuran akibat kemajuan ekonomi terutama pada awal abad ke 20, mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota peristirahatan' di daerah pegunungan di Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah maupun Jawa Timur. Jejak

  17. OPTIMASI FORMULA DAN STRUKTUR MIKROSKOPIK PASTA BEBAS GLUTEN BERBAHAN DASAR PUREE UBI JALAR UNGU DAN TEPUNG KACANG HIJAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ira Mulyawanti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to optimize gluten free pasta formula made from purple sweet potato puree and mung bean flour. Aplication of a mixture design allowed to find the optimal composition to achieve the desirable characteristic. The results showed that the optimal formula was mixture of 45.25% purple sweet potato puree and 51.75% mung bean flour. The characteristics of the chosen formula were springiness of 2.29 mm, 0.38 cohesiveness, cooking loss 17.62%,333.48 ͼHue, Ie   20.59%, and 42.42 mg/L anthocyanin content. Microscopic structure showed that cooked pasta with purple sweet potato puree composition below 50% in the formula had a solid texture appearance.   Keywords: Pasta, purple sweet potatoes, gluten free food, formulation optimization   ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengoptimasi formula pasta bebas gluten berbahan dasar puree ubi jalar ungu dan tepung kacang hijau. Aplikasi mixture design dalam optimasi formula dapat menghasilkan formula yang optimal dengan karakteristik produk sesuai dengan yang diinginkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi optimal puree ubi jalar ungu dengan tepung kacang hijau dalam formula adalah 45,25% puree ubi jalar ungu dan 51,75% tepung kacang hijau. Pada komposisi tersebut dihasilkan pasta ubi jalar ungu dengan karakteristik yaitu kekenyalan 2,29 mm, cohesiveness 0,38, KKP 17,62%, warna 333,48, Ie   20,59%, dan kandungan antosianin 42,42 mg/L. Dari segi mikroskopik, pasta ubi jalar ungu matang dengan rasio puree ubi jalar ungu dengan formula di bawah 50% sudah menunjukkan adanya struktur yang kompak. Kata kunci: Pasta, ubi jalar ungu, pangan bebas gluten, optimasi formula

  18. I betraktarens ögon – Betydelsen av kön och ålder för studenters läraromdömen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Karlsson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Under senare år har studenters läraromdömen allt mer hamnat i fokus inom skola såväl som högre utbildning. Parallellt med dessa utvecklingar har olika typer av internettjänster genom vilka studenter kan betygsätta sina lärare dykt upp i flera länder. I Sverige lanserades 2008 tjänsten ”Studenter tycker till” (STT där studenter kan registrera sig och fylla i bedömningar av lärare enligt kriterierna utlärningsförmåga, kunskap, engagemang och lärandestöd. I denna studie undersöks betydelsen av lärarens kön och ålder för studenters läraromdömen genom en kvantitativ analys av omdömen av 98 högskole- och universitetslärare som givits på hemsidan STT. Syftet är att synliggöra hur sociala markörer, i detta fall om läraren är man eller kvinna, ung eller gammal, spelar en stor roll för hur en lärare utvärderas. Resultaten visar att kvinnor och unga lärare systematiskt ges lägre betyg av studenter, än män och äldre lärare. Studenter är således inte könsblinda eller oberoende av föreställningar om förhållandet mellan ålder och kompetens i sina bedömningar. Studien aktualiserar betydelsen av sociala markörer så som kön och ålder måste synliggöras och tas i beaktning när studenters utvärderingar av lärare och kurser behandlas inom högre utbildning.

  19. "Vi är inte en tummelplats för dårar" : Hur journalister och ansvariga utgivare resonerar kring och förhåller sig till användargenererat material i lokaltidningar

    OpenAIRE

    Öberg, Therese; Borgström, Johanna

    2010-01-01

    Sedan 1700-talet har läsarnas medverkan varit en väsentlig del i tidningarnas produktion. Utan deras deltagande har det inte heller blivit någon tidning. En förändring på området skedde när professionaliseringen av publicistrollen blev ett faktum och läsarnas medverkan ifrågasattes. Samhällsförändringar och tekniska utvecklingar har sedan lett fram till det vi har idag: ett samhälle där medieorganisationerna är i allt större behov av att läsarna återigen deltar i olika former. Syftet med stud...

  20. ANALISIS STRUKTUR PERILAKU DAN KINERJA PASAR (STRUCTURE, CONDUCT AND MARKET PERFORMAN KOMODITI PADI DI DESA BUNGA RAYA DAN DESA KEMUNING MUDA KECAMATAN BUNGA RAYA KABUPATEN SIAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOVIA DEWI

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis struktur, perilaku, dan kinerja pemasaran beras di Kabupaten Bunga Raya. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan dengan menggunakan metode purpossive sampling yaitu dua desa menjadi sentra produksi padi. Responden penelitian adalah petani padi dan semua agensi pemasaran yang terlibat dalam pemasaran beras dari petani sebagai produsen ke pedagang besar sebagai konsumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada tiga saluran pemasaran beras yaitu saluran pemasaran I petani menjual kepada pedagang pengumpul dan kemudian dijual ke pedagang besar, saluran pemasaran II petani menjual ke pedagang pengumul yang memiliki penggilingan padi kemudian dijual ke pedagang grosir dan saluran pemasaran III yaitu petani menjual langsung ke pedagang grosir. Struktur pasar beras adalah pasar oligopsoni karena dilihat dari jumlah pembeli yang relatif sangat sedikit, kemudian dilihat dari nilai market share, rasio konsentrasi dan indeks Herfindahl dari pedagang manapun menunjukkan nilai yang tidak terlalu berbeda. Petani sebagai produsen adalah penerima harga (price taker, dimana petani sebagai produsen mendapatkan perubahan nilai harga lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan pedagang grosir sebagai konsumen. Margin pemasaran terlihat dari setiap saluran pemasaran yang terjadi menunjukkan bahwa margin dan keuntungan paling banyak didapat oleh pedagang yang melakukan lebih banyak fungsi pemasaran.

  1. ANALISIS VEGETASI DAN VISUALISASI STRUKTUR VEGETASI HUTAN KOTA BARUGA, KOTA KENDARI Vegetation Analysis and Visualization of vegetation Structure Baruga Urban Forest, Kendari City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulkarnain Zulkarnain

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi, struktur dan tingkat keragaman vegetasi di Hutan Kota Baruga, Kota Kendari. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode sensus. Data dianalisis untuk memperoleh Indeks Nilai Penting (INP dan Index Keanekaragaman Shannon-Wiener (H'. Software Sexi-FS digunakan untuk mendapatkan visualisasi distribusi vegetasi dan stratifikasi lapisan tajuk yang menyerupai kondisi lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi vegetasi disusun oleh 76 spesies yang terkelompok dalam 29 famili dengan jumlah total 8.296 individu untuk semua spesies. Alstonia macrophylla, Gironniera subaequalis dan Nephelium lappaceum adalah spesies yang mendominasi komunitas vegetasi. Distribusi vegetasi menunjukkan pola distribusi mengelompok, dengan stratifikasi terdiri 4 lapisan tajuk, yang menunjukkan bahwa lokasi-studi disusun oleh lapisan tajuk yang relatif lengkap. Indeks keragaman tergolong tinggi, dengan nilai lebih dari 3 pada tingkat pertumbuhan pohon, tiang dan pancang, kecuali pada tingkat semai dengan H'= 2,89. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa ketahanan ekosistem hutan cukup baik. Kata Kunci : Komposisi vegetasi, Keanekaragaman, Struktur vegetasi, Hutan Kota.

  2. Antitumor activity of ginseng sapogenins, 25-OH-PPD and 25-OCH3-PPD, on gastric cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Chen; Su, Guangyue; Wang, Xude; Zhang, Xiaoshu; Guo, Shuang; Zhao, Yuqing

    2016-01-01

    25-Hydroxyprotopanaxadiol (25-OH-PPD) and 25-methoxylprotopanaxadiol (25-OCH3-PPD), two ginseng sapogenins, have potent antitumor activity and their effects on gastric cancer (BGC-823, SGC-7901, MKN-28) cells and a gastric mucosa (GES-1) cell line are reported. Both compounds significantly inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cells, while having lesser inhibitory effects on GES-1 cells by MTT assay. A mechanistic study revealed that the two ginseng sapogenins could induce apoptosis in BGC-823 cells by morphological observation, DNA fragmentation, flow cytometry and western blot analysis. Besides, the apoptosis was inhibited by Ac-DEVD-CHO, a caspase 3 inhibitor, which was confirmed by cell viability analysis. These results indicate that 25-OH-PPD and 25-OCH3-PPD have potential to be promising agents for the treatment of gastric cancer.

  3. Att arbeta i restaurangbranschen : En kvalitativ studie om arbetstagares upplevelser av psykosocial arbetsmiljö och stress

    OpenAIRE

    Sauer, Emma

    2016-01-01

    En utgångspunkt för arbetslivet bör vara att skapa en arbetsmiljö som ger individer förutsättningar att ingå, kvarstå och utvecklas i arbetet. Arbetsmiljön är betydande för både individers hälsa och verksamheters utveckling samt förutsättningar för tillväxt. Arbetsplatsen betonas därmed vara en betydande arena för förebyggande insatser. Det är arbetsgivaren som har huvudsakligt ansvar för arbetsmiljön. Ingen arbetstagare ska riskera att skadas eller drabbas av ohälsa i arbetet. Syftet med stu...

  4. Livsbalans i det nya arbetslivet : En kvantitativ studie om chefer och övriga anställda

    OpenAIRE

    Eltell, Maria; Nordin, Matilda

    2014-01-01

    Syfte: Det nya arbetslivet har inneburit en rad förändringar för den lönearbetande populationen i Sverige, gällande allt ifrån tid, rum och tillgänglighet i de alltmer flexibla arbetsvillkoren. Syftet med denna studie är därför att undersöka ett antal faktorer i det nya arbetslivet som kan ha inverkan på den lönearbetande populationens livsbalans. Studien undersöker också om det finns skillnader mellan chefers och övriga anställdas livsbalans samt även om chefens nivå i hierarkin påverkar liv...

  5. En undersökning av Norwegians kriskommunikation under flygstrejken 2015. : En textanalys av Facebookinlägg och pressmeddelanden.

    OpenAIRE

    Emma, Mickelsson

    2016-01-01

    Numera lever vi i ett krissamhälle där vi nästan varje dag nås av budskap från olika typer av kriser. När en organisation drabbas av en kris är det viktigt att tänka på vilken kommunikation man använder för att nå ut med sitt budskap. Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka hur en organisation använder sig av olika försvarsstrategier och retoriska appeller i sin kriskommunikation. Organisationen som valdes ut var flygbolaget Norwegian och deras hantering av den 11 dagar långa flygs...

  6. Hydrologi i Ulleråker : En studie om dagvattenhantering och dess inverkan på grundvatten

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlquist, Josefin; Larsson, Martin; Rickfält, Tea

    2017-01-01

    Vattenbehovet stiger i världen till följd av ökande befolkning. Med ökad urbaniseringskapas mer hårdgjorda ytor där föreningar ackumuleras. Dagvattnet transporterar dessa föroreningar som således kan nå grundvattnet. Ett miljömål har antagits i Sverigeför att skydda grundvattentäkter och därmed säkra framtida dricksvattenförsörjning. Rullstensåsar innehåller stora grundvattenmagasin och har hög infiltrationsförmåga för vatten från markytan. Uppsala kommun tar 95 % av sitt dricksvatten från ru...

  7. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Saham Leverage Faktor Intern Dan Faktor Ekstern Terhadap Nilai Perusahaan (Studi empirik pada perusahaan manufaktur dan non manufaktur di Bursa Efek Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujoko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study is to examine the impact of ownership structure%2C leverage%2C external factor%2C internal factor on the value of the firms in Jakarta Stock Exchange. It is argued that unlike the agency problem advanced stock market%2C the agency problem in the Jakarta Stock Exchange is the divergence of interest between the minority holders and majority holders. This is because the Jakarta Stock Exchange is characterized%2C among other things%2C by the domination of large shareholders. It is hypotheses that :(1 there are the impact ownership structure %2C external factor%2C internal factor%2C on leverage%2C (2 there are the impact of ownership structure %2C external factor%2C internal factor%2C leverage on value of the firm . This study is to examine Agency Theory%2C Jensen and Meckling (1976%2C Pecking Order Theory%2C Myers (1984%2C Trade Off Model and Signaling Theory (1979. Population in this study are public company listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange during 2000 – 2004. As much as 134 firms listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange were taken as a sample using a purposive sampling method.The data were then analyzed by the structural equation modeling ( SEM analysis%2C using the AMOS Program version 4.01.The results of this study show that (1 there are the impact of ownership structure %2C external factor%2C internal factor on leverage%2C(2there are the impact of ownership structure%2C external factor%2C internal factor%2C leverage%2C on valueof the firm . The result of the study is not support the Agency Theory%2C Jensen and Meckling (1976%2C but the result of the study is support Pecking Order Theory%2C Myers (1984%2C Trade off model and Signaling Theory%2C Battacharya (1979. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan utama dari studi ini adalah untuk menguji pengaruh struktur kepemilikan%2C leverage%2C faktor ekstern%2C dan faktor intern terhadap nilai perusahaan di Bursa Efek Jakarta. Tidak seperti pada permasalahan keagenan di pasar

  8. Bristande samsyn i lärares definition av hot och våld : En kvalitativ studie om förekomst av hot och våld mot lärare på högstadieskolor.

    OpenAIRE

    Eklund, Anton; Johansson, Tommy

    2017-01-01

    Denna kvalitativa studie syftar till att studera förekomsten av hot och våld mot lärare på högstadieskolor, hur man på de undersökta skolorna arbetar med att minimera förekomsten av hot och våld samt hur lärare definierar sin syn på vad som kan vara hot och våld från föräldrar och elever. Studien är baserad på ett riktat bekvämlighetsurval där skyddsombud på högstadieskolor i den undersökta kommunen valdes ut. I samband med analysen av studiens resultat har Lintons rollteori använts för att s...

  9. Ginsenoside 25-OCH3-PPD promotes activity of LXRs to ameliorate P2X7R-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome in the development of hepatic fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xin; Song, Jian; Lian, Li-Hua; Yao, You-Li; Shao, Dan-Yang; Fan, Ying; Hou, Li-Shuang; Wang, Ge; Zheng, Shuang; Wu, Yan-Ling; Nan, Ji-Xing

    2018-06-22

    Ginseng is widely used in energy drinks, dietary supplements and herbal medicines, and its pharmacological actions are related with energy metabolism. As an important modulating energy metabolism pathway, liver X receptors (LXRs) can promote the resolving of hepatic fibrosis and inflammation. The present study aims to evaluate the regulation of 25-OCH3-PPD, a ginsenoside isolated from Panax ginseng, against hepatic fibrosis and inflammation in thioacetamide (TAA)-stimulated mice by activating LXRs pathway. 25-OCH3-PPD decreases serum ALT/AST levels and improves the histological pathology of liver in TAA-induced mice; attenuates transcripts of pro-fibrogenic markers associated with hepatic stellate cell activation; attenuates the levels of pro-Inflammatory cytokines and blocks apoptosis happened in liver; inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome by affecting P2X7R activation; regulates PI3K/Akt and LKB1/AMPK-SIRT1. 25-OCH3-PPD also facilitates LX25Rs and FXR activities decreased by TAA stimulation. 25-OCH3-PPD also decreases α-SMA via regulation of LXRs and P2X7R-NLRP3 in vitro. Our data suggest the possibility that 25-OCH3-PPD promotes activity of LXRs to ameliorate P2X7R-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome in the development of hepatic fibrosis.

  10. Leksaker baserade på teknik sedda ur ett genusperspektiv : En studie om 6-åringars preferenser och användande av könsstereotypa konstruktionsleksaker

    OpenAIRE

    Bernström, Annelie

    2007-01-01

    Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med barn i förskoleklass och genom enkätundersökningar hos pedagoger har jag fått svar på mina frågeställningar som handlar om pojkar, flickor och deras leksaksval då det gäller teknikbaserade leksaker. Syftet var att försöka se om det fanns skillnader i valet och användandet av dessa leksaker och i så fall försöka tydliggöra dem, och dessutom ta reda på varför barnen är olika i sina leksakspreferenser. Resultatet påvisar att för barnen i denna förskoleklass är ko...

  11. Survey of biological processes for odor reduction; Kartlaeggning och studie av biologiska processer foer luktreduktion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arrhenius, Karine; Rosell, Lars [SP Technical Research Inst. of Sweden, Boraas (Sweden); Hall, Gunnar [SIK Swedish Inst. for Food and Biotechnology, Gothenburg (Sweden)

    2009-09-15

    This project aims to characterize chemical and subsequently odor emissions from a digester plant located closed to Boraas in Sweden (Boraas Energi och Miljoe AB). The digestion produces mainly 2 by-products, biogas and high quality organic biofertilizer. Biogas is a renewable source of electrical and heat energy and subsequently digester have a promising future. Unfortunately, release of unpleasant odours is one of the problems that may limit development of the technique as odours strongly influence the level of acceptance of the neighbours. The number of complaints due to odours depends mostly, upon the degree of odour release, the weather condition and plant environment (which influence the risks for spreading out), and the tolerance of the neighbours. These parameters are strongly variable. Many processes inside the plant distributed on a large surface may contribute to odour release. Chemical emissions were studied, in this project, by extensive sampling inside the plant. Results were then evaluated regarding risk for odour releases. The goal was to suggest controls and routines to limit releases. The conditions leading to the higher risks for odour emissions were studied by performing sampling at different periods of the year and subsequently different weather conditions. At first, places for measurement were chosen together with personal of the plant. Three zones are considered to mainly contribute to the odour emissions: the landfill region, the cisterns region and the leaching lake region. Totally 13 places were studied with regard to odour and chemical emissions under 2008-2009 at different weather conditions. Some results from a previous project (2007) are also presented here. Results show that the spreading out of can be maintained to an acceptable level as long as the plant is functioning without disturbances. The early stages of the treatment of waste should be confined in locals with closed doors to avoid spreading out of odours. Through controlled

  12. She’s the Boss – HR och kvinnligt chefskap : Hur Human Resources kan arbeta för att främja kvinnorschefskarriärer

    OpenAIRE

    Linderfyhr, Jessica; Malm, Mikaela

    2017-01-01

    Enligt undersökningar som chefsorganisationen Ledarna publicerar årligen finns det en återkommande problematik med att rekrytera unga kvinnor till chefspositioner. Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka vad som kan inverka på kvinnors vilja att söka en chefstjänst och att utforma en HR strategi som främjar och motiverar kvinnor att söka chefstjänster. Unga kvinnor kan känna tvekan inför chefskap på grund av känslan av bristande erfarenhet och svårighet med att identifiera sig med den ster...

  13. Sambandet mellan Theory of Mind, språkliga förmågor och exekutiva funktioner hos barn i treårsåldern

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Anna; Sirén, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    Barns fem första levnadsår präglas av en omfattande utveckling av språkliga förmågor och exekutiva funktioner, vilka är färdigheter som visat sig ha en stor påverkan på hur barn utvecklar förståelse för sina egna och andras tankar, det vill säga deras Theory of Mind. En central aspekt inom forskning har varit att undersöka hur förmågorna samvarierar vid olika åldrar. Syftet i föreliggande studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan Theory of Mind, språkliga förmågor och exekutiva funktioner hos...

  14. Importprocessen för inrednings- och gåvoartiklar från USA till Finland : En handbok för företagaren

    OpenAIRE

    Smeds, Desiré; Backlund, Johanna

    2016-01-01

    Det här examensarbetet handlar om import från USA med fokus på inrednings- och gåvoartiklar. I arbetet lyfter vi steg för steg fram de delar som utgör importprocessen hela vägen från hur man hittar en pålitlig leverantör till förtullningen av produkterna här i Finland. Syftet med arbetet är att det skall kunna fungera som en handbok för företag som vill starta en småskalig importverksamhet av inrednings- och gåvoartiklar. Vi tar även upp information om import och internationell handel i a...

  15. Våga vara dig själv : Att förstå och skapa en illusion av ljus med digitala medier

    OpenAIRE

    Persson, Jasmin; Lundbladh, Mia

    2015-01-01

    Vi omges ständigt av ljus i vår vardag, det finns naturligt ljus samt artificiellt. Även under de grå dagarna finns det ljus och dess närvaro är alltid där även om den inte alltid är som klarast. I detta kandidatarbete beskrivs ljuset ur olika synvinklar, men framförallt hur Rembrandt och impressionisterna i sina konstverk använt ljuset i sitt skapande. För att få en bredare syn på vår process tar vi hjälp av de två begreppen “fluid” och “fire” som kommer från aktör-nätver...

  16. Låt medborgarna skapa staden : Om tactical urbanism och idéburen stadsförbättring samt medborgarnas rätt till staden

    OpenAIRE

    Bretz, Martin

    2015-01-01

    I skapandet av staden har människan möjlighet att göra om sig själv och förverkliga sitt hjärtas önskan. Hur och för vem staden ska utformas för är troligtvis en diskussion vilken kommer att finnas lika länge som staden i sig. Genom historien har privat ägande och andra samhälleliga former av dominans kontrollerat dess rum, vilket ofta resulterat i olika former av proteströrelser.   Tactical urbanism har i flertalet städer världen över blivit en populär metod för att förbättra livskvaliteten ...

  17. Word of mouth muntligt och via sociala medier : - På vilket sätt påverkar det turisters reseplanering?

    OpenAIRE

    Hugosson, Jennie; Ahlberg, Madeleine

    2017-01-01

    Vår studie belyser hur informationsspridning både muntligt och via internet kan påverka turisters reseplaneringsprocess. Studien undersöker vilka känslomässiga attityder individer upplever genom word of mouth och electronic word of mouth och hur vida dessa attityder påverkar valet av ett nytt resmål. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur word of mouth kan påverka turisters val av nya resmål. För att möjliggöra detta har vi genomfört intervjuer med respondenter utifrån förutbestämda kriterie...

  18. ANALISIS ANOMALI GRAVITASI SEBAGAI ACUAN DALAM PENENTUAN STRUKTUR GEOLOGI BAWAH PERMUKAAN DAN POTENSI GEOTHERMAL (Studi Kasus Di Daerah Songgoriti Kota Batu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Hidayat, Abdul Basid

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian dengan metode gravitasi pada tanggal 26 - 27 April 2011 di daerah Songgoriti Kota Batu dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pola anomali Bouguer dan struktur geologi bawah permukaan serta potensi panasbumi di daerah tersebut. Berdasarkan interpretasi kualitatif pada kontur anomali Bouguer  lengkap didapatkan variasi nilai anomali Bouguer antara  47,3 - 67,4 mGal dengan nilai anomali tinggi terdapat pada arah tenggara penelitian dan nilai anomali sedang pada arah tenggara-selatan dan timur laut daerah penelitian. Hampir 75% daerah penelitian didominasi oleh nilai anomali Bouguer rendah. Hasil interpretasi kuantitatif pada model penampang 2D lintasan AB dan CD, didapatkan tujuh lapisan batuan di bawah permukaan yaitu lapisan lapuk, tufa pasiran, anglomerat, lempung pasir, breksi tufaan terlempungkan, lava, dan breksi Vulkanik. Berdasarkan interpretasi kualitatif dan kuantitatif serta penelitian sebelumya dapat disimpulkan bahwa potensi geothermal di daerah penelitian sangat kecil.

  19. PEMODELAN KONDUKTIVITAS ION DALAM STRUKTUR Li2Sc3(PO43 (Modeling Ionic Conductivity in Li2Sc3(PO43 Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram La Kilo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Fasa Li2Sc3(PO43 merupakan material konduktor superionik yang dapat diaplikasikan sebagai baterai yang dapat diisi ulang (rechargeable. Ion Li+ dalam struktur Li2Sc3(PO4 dapat mengalami migrasi dari posisi terisi ke posisi kosong. Penelitian ini telah memodelkan migrasi ion Li+ dalam struktur Li2Sc3(PO4 dengan menggunakan metode bond valence sum (BVS. Metode ini dapat memprediksi bilangan oksidasi suatu atom berdasarkan jarak dengan atom-atom tetangga. Source code berbasis BVS yang digunakan adalah JUMPITER yang mensimulasi efek gaya listrik eksternal yang bertindak pada ion litium sehingga nilai BVS litium dapat dipetakan terhadap jarak. Hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa konduksi ion Li+ dapat terjadi pada arah [010], [101], dan [120]. Namun, lintasan konduksi ion Li+ lebih mudah terjadi pada arah [120] atau bidang ab dengan nilai maksimum BVS adalah 0,982. ABSTRACT g-phase of Li2Sc3(PO43 is a lithium super ionic conductor which can be applied as a rechargeable lithium battery. Lithium ions of g-Li2Sc3(PO43 can migrate from occupied site to vacant site. In this research, simulation of Li+ ions migration in the structure of g-Li2Sc3(PO43 carried out using bond valence sum (BVS to predict the oxidation state of Li+ion based on the distance of the ion to neighboring atoms. BVS-based code used JUMPITER to simulate the effect of external electrical force acting on the lithium ions to produce the lithium BVS value which can be mapped to the distance. The simulation results shows that Li+ ion conduction can be occurred on [010], [101], and [120] directions. However, the Li ion conduction pathway occur more easily in the direction of [120] or ab plane with the BVS maximum value is 0.982.

  20. Ripsteg mot spetskunskap i samisk matematik:lärares perspektiv på transformeringsaktiviteter i samisk förskola och sameskola

    OpenAIRE

    Jannok-Nutti, Ylva

    2010-01-01

    Syftet med föreliggande avhandling är att utifrån lärarperspektiv beskriva, analysera och försöka förstå transformering av utbildning i matematik så att ett samiskt perspektiv blir utgångspunkt för utbildningen. Avhandlingen genomfördes såsom ett aktionsforskningsprojekt med fokus på lärares perspektiv avseende transformering och genomförande av transformeringsaktiviteter i matematik. Teoretiska utgångspunkter togs utifrån Smiths teori om urfolksperspektiv, Banks teori för integrering av mult...

  1. STRUKTUR DAN PROSES MEMORI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Bhinnety

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes structures and processes of human memory system according to the modal model. Sensory memory is described as the first system to store information from outside world. Short‐term memory, or now called working memory, represents a system characterized by limited ability in storing as well as retrieving information. Long‐term memory on the hand stores information larger in amount and longer than short‐term memory

  2. Hypertextsorten : Definition, Struktur, Klassifikation

    OpenAIRE

    Rehm, Georg

    2005-01-01

    Suchmaschinen im WWW indexieren und durchsuchen Dokumente in großer Geschwindigkeit. Trotz der quantitativ beeindruckenden Ergebnisse lässt die Qualität der Treffer jedoch oft zu wünschen übrig. Die vorliegende Arbeit zielt darauf ab, die theoretischen und praktischen Grundlagen für strukturelle Verbesserungen der Funktionsweise von Suchmaschinen zu liefern. Der Schlüssel hierfür liegt in der maschinellen Identifikation von Hypertextsorten. Dieser Begriff bezeichnet den generellen Typ e...

  3. STRUKTUR DAN PROSES MEMORI

    OpenAIRE

    Bhinnety, Magda

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes structures and processes of human memory system according to the modal model. Sensory memory is described as the first system to store information from outside world. Short‐term memory, or now called working memory, represents a system characterized by limited ability in storing as well as retrieving information. Long‐term memory on the hand stores information larger in amount and longer than short‐term memory

  4. Investigation of the O+allyl addition/elimination reaction pathways from the OCH2CHCH2 radical intermediate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FitzPatrick, Benjamin L.; Lau, K.-C.; Butler, Laurie J.; Lee, S.-H.; Lin, Jim Jr-Min

    2008-01-01

    These experiments study the preparation of and product channels resulting from OCH 2 CHCH 2 , a key radical intermediate in the O+allyl bimolecular reaction. The data include velocity map imaging and molecular beam scattering results to probe the photolytic generation of the radical intermediate and the subsequent pathways by which the radicals access the energetically allowed product channels of the bimolecular reaction. The photodissociation of epichlorohydrin at 193.3 nm produces chlorine atoms and c-OCH 2 CHCH 2 radicals; these undergo a facile ring opening to the OCH 2 CHCH 2 radical intermediate. State-selective resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) detection resolves the velocity distributions of ground and spin-orbit excited state chlorine independently, allowing for a more accurate determination of the internal energy distribution of the nascent radicals. We obtain good agreement detecting the velocity distributions of the Cl atoms with REMPI, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoionization at 13.8 eV, and electron bombardment ionization; all show a bimodal distribution of recoil kinetic energies. The dominant high recoil kinetic energy feature peaks near 33 kcal/mol. To elucidate the product channels resulting from the OCH 2 CHCH 2 radical intermediate, the crossed laser-molecular beam experiment uses VUV photoionization and detects the velocity distribution of the possible products. The data identify the three dominant product channels as C 3 H 4 O (acrolein)+H, C 2 H 4 +HCO (formyl radical), and H 2 CO (formaldehyde)+C 2 H 3 . A small signal from C 2 H 2 O (ketene) product is also detected. The measured velocity distributions and relative signal intensities at m/e=27, 28, and 29 at two photoionization energies show that the most exothermic product channel, C 2 H 5 +CO, does not contribute significantly to the product branching. The higher internal energy onset of the acrolein+H product channel is consistent with the relative barriers en route to

  5. Investigation of the O+allyl addition/elimination reaction pathways from the OCH2CHCH2 radical intermediate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Benjamin L.; Lau, Kai-Chung; Butler, Laurie J.; Lee, Shih-Huang; Lin, Jim-Min, Jr.

    2008-08-01

    These experiments study the preparation of and product channels resulting from OCH2CHCH2, a key radical intermediate in the O+allyl bimolecular reaction. The data include velocity map imaging and molecular beam scattering results to probe the photolytic generation of the radical intermediate and the subsequent pathways by which the radicals access the energetically allowed product channels of the bimolecular reaction. The photodissociation of epichlorohydrin at 193.3 nm produces chlorine atoms and c-OCH2CHCH2 radicals; these undergo a facile ring opening to the OCH2CHCH2 radical intermediate. State-selective resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) detection resolves the velocity distributions of ground and spin-orbit excited state chlorine independently, allowing for a more accurate determination of the internal energy distribution of the nascent radicals. We obtain good agreement detecting the velocity distributions of the Cl atoms with REMPI, vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoionization at 13.8 eV, and electron bombardment ionization; all show a bimodal distribution of recoil kinetic energies. The dominant high recoil kinetic energy feature peaks near 33 kcal/mol. To elucidate the product channels resulting from the OCH2CHCH2 radical intermediate, the crossed laser-molecular beam experiment uses VUV photoionization and detects the velocity distribution of the possible products. The data identify the three dominant product channels as C3H4O (acrolein)+H, C2H4+HCO (formyl radical), and H2CO (formaldehyde)+C2H3. A small signal from C2H2O (ketene) product is also detected. The measured velocity distributions and relative signal intensities at m/e=27, 28, and 29 at two photoionization energies show that the most exothermic product channel, C2H5+CO, does not contribute significantly to the product branching. The higher internal energy onset of the acrolein+H product channel is consistent with the relative barriers en route to each of these product channels

  6. Dömda att leva i skuggan : En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hälsan hos personer med albinism i Rwanda, utifrån begreppen diskriminering, coping och socialt stöd

    OpenAIRE

    Niyonkuru, Elsie Diane

    2016-01-01

    Bakgrund: Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) är en ärftlig sjukdom som fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt påverkar de drabbade individerna. Okunskap, fördomar och myter om albinism utgör de största orsakerna till den diskriminering som personer med albinism utsatts för särskilt i vissa länder i Afrika söder om Sahara. Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva hälsan hos personer med albinism i Rwanda, utifrån begreppen diskriminering, coping och socialt stöd. Metod: En kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats ligger t...

  7. Blockkedjeteknik

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Kim

    2017-01-01

    Blockkedjan, tekniken bakom Bitcoin och populariserad i dess introduktion, fungerar som en distribuerad databas och en publik huvudbok för transaktioner. Blockkedjetek-niken har även andra implementeringar och användningsområden än endast Bitcoin. Syftet med arbetet är att beskriva blockkedjetekniken och några typiska blockkedjetilllämpningar. I detta arbete presenteras blockkedjans struktur och säkerhet, publika, privata och tillståndsbelagda blockkedjor samt bevis på arbete, bevis på andel ...

  8. [Stat-kyrka-samhälle : Den stormaktstida samhällsordningen i Sverige och Östersjöpinserna] / Enn Küng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Küng, Enn, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Arvustus: Stat-kyrka-samhälle : Den stormaktstida samhällsordningen i Sverige och Östersjöpinserna. (Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis Studia Baltica Stockholmiensa, 21). Stockholm, 2000. Stockholmi Ülikooli Balti Uuringute Keskuse teaduslik väljaanne "Riik-kirik-ühiskond" Rootsi suurriigi provintsipoliitikast Eesti- ja Liivimaal 16.-17. sajandil

  9. MODEL PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH BERKELANJUTAN MELALUI TRANSFORMASI STRUKTUR BKONOMI BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA PERTAMBANGAN KE SUMBERDAYA LOKAL TERBARUKAN (Sustainable Local Development Model by means Economic Structure Transformation from Mine Resources Basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Malanuang

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sektor pertambangan tembaga dan emas yang dioperasikan oleh PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara di Sumbawa Barat sangat dominan terhadap struktur perekonomian kabupaten tersebut sejak 2000-2006 dengan rata-rata 94,00 % dalam PDRB. Terkait dengan sifat sumberdaya mineral yang tidak terbarukan, deposit rnineral yang terbatas dan masa produksi pertambangan yang relatif pendek maka ketergantungan terhadap satu sektor (pertambangan dalam jangka menengah dan panjang akan berpengamh signifikan bagi pembangunan wilayah Sumbawa Barat. Untuk itu perlu solusi mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap tambang dengan melakukan transformasi struktur ekonomi dengan membangun rantai pohon industri pertanian lokal yang merupakan sumberdaya terbarukan dan ekowisata. Selain itu semakin berkurang dan habisnya pertambangan pada masa mendatang akan sangat beresiko terhadap kinerja pembangunan. Peran pemerintah daerah dalam mengalokasikan anggaran dengan tepat dan kerjasama antar daerah dalam memperbaiki dan mempertahankan kinerja pembangunan sangat penting dilakukan. Hasil analisis isi (content analysis peraturan perundangan sektor pertambangan belum mengarah pada tercapainya tujuan pembangunan berkelanjutan.   ABSTRACT Copper and Gold mine sector that operated by PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara in West Sumbawa has dominated the regency economic structure since 2000-2006 with average share for Product Domestic Regional Bruto is 94,00 %. Regarding to mineral resources characteristic such as unrenewable, limited mineral deposit and relative short of long life project therfore dependency only on one sector (mining for long and medium terms will have significant effect on the development of West Sumbawa. Therefore, it‘s need a solution to reduce the dependency on the mine sector to tranform economic structure by means stablished local agro-industrial tree chain that characterized by renewable resources and ecotourism. In other hand, more reduction and exhaustment of mine production

  10. PENGARUH VARIASI PUTARAN CETAKAN, INOKULAN TI-B PADA CENTRIFUGAL CASTING TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADUAN ALUMINIUM A356.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Nugroho

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Paduan alumunium  A-356.0 merupakan  salah satu bahan material yang cocok untuk bahan baku pembuatan velg racing (cast wheel mobil maupun sepeda motor. Karena memiliki beberapa kelebihan seperti: ringan, tahan korosi dan warnanya menarik, namun memiliki kekurangnan yaitu sifat mekanisnya belum memenuhi syarat. proses pembuatannya  menggunakan proses Vertical Centrifugal Casting (VCC dengan penambahan inokulan Al-Ti-B sebagai unsur penghalus butir, inokulan Al-Ti-B akan dicampurkan kedalam 8 kg cairan aluminium dengan komposisi variasi campuran 0, 6, 9, dan 12 gram untuk selanjutnya dituangkan ke dalam cetakan dengan 2 variasi putaran yaitu 450 dan 850 rpm. Selanjutnya hasil dari pengecoran centrifugal casting diuji secara mekanis menggunakan pengujian standar yaitu; uji kekerasan, uji tarik dan struktur mikro nya mengunakan standar ASTM. Hasil pengujian di peroleh nilai kekerasan dan kekuatan tarik  yang paling tinggi pada spesimen A3 dan B3 yaitu 64.73 BHN dan 67.81 BHN, 182.18 Mpa  dan 188.28 Mpa. Titanium  yang  dikombinasikan  dengan  Boron  atau  Carbon  merupakan  unsur  paduan Al-Si  yang  berfungsi  untuk  menghaluskan butiran  (grain  refiner Hal  inilah  yang mempengaruhi  adanya  perubahan  sifat mekanik  dan  struktur  mikro  tersebut.  Dengan semakin  halus  butiran,  maka  penjalaran dislokasinya  akan  semakin  sulit,  sehingga mempunyai ketahanan yang lebih besar, karena diperlukan  energi  yang  lebih  besar  untuk merusak  butiran  yang  halus  tersebut. adanya gaya sentrifugal (CF selama proses penuangan kedalam cetakan. Logam cair akan dilempar oleh gaya sentrifugal sehingga menimbulkan tekanan pada setiap layer, hal ini juga menjelaskan bahwa .produk yang dibuat dengan menggunakan metode ini bebas cacat porosity, sisi terluar dari produk sentrifugal akan memiliki nilai kekerasan yang tinggi dibandingkan dengan sisi tengah produk, sifat mekanisnya juga akan memiliki nilai yang

  11. PENGARUH VARIASI PUTARAN CETAKAN DAN PENAMBAHAN INOKULAN Ti-B PADA CENTRIFUGAL CASTING TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADUAN ALUMINIUM A356.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Nugroho

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan industri pengecoran global hingga lokal sampai saat ini tumbuh dengan sangat pesat. Salah satu produk yang banyak dicari konsumen adalah velg, part pada roda sepeda motor. Tetapi sayangnya velg lokal sering dikeluhkan memiliki kualitas lebih rendah dari pabrikan. Paduan alumunium  A-356.0 merupakan  salah satu bahan material yang cocok untuk bahan baku pembuatan velg racing (cast wheel mobil maupun sepeda motor. Karena memiliki beberapa kelebihan seperti: ringan, tahan korosi dan warnanya menarik, namun memiliki kekurangnan yaitu sifat mekanisnya belum memenuhi syarat. proses pembuatannya  menggunakan proses Vertical Centrifugal Casting (VCC dengan penambahan inokulan Al-Ti-B sebagai unsur penghalus butir, inokulan Al-Ti-B akan dicampurkan kedalam 8 kg cairan aluminium dengan komposisi variasi campuran 0, 6, 9, dan 12 gram untuk selanjutnya dituangkan ke dalam cetakan dengan 2 variasi putaran yaitu 450 dan 850 rpm. Selanjutnya hasil dari pengecoran centrifugal casting diuji secara mekanis menggunakan pengujian standar yaitu; uji kekerasan, uji tarik dan struktur mikro nya mengunakan standar ASTM. Hasil pengujian di proleh nilai kekerasan dan kekuatan tarik  yang paling tinggi pada spesimen A3 dan B3 yaitu 64.73 BHN dan 67.81 BHN, 182.18 Mpa  dan 188.28 Mpa. Titanium  yang  dikombinasikan  dengan  Boron  atau  Carbon  merupakan  unsur  paduan Al-Si  yang  berfungsi  untuk  menghaluskan butiran  (grain  refiner Hal  inilah  yang mempengaruhi  adanya  perubahan  sifat mekanik  dan  struktur  mikro  tersebut.  Dengan semakin  halus  butiran,  maka  penjalaran dislokasinya  akan  semakin  sulit,  sehingga mempunyai ketahanan yang lebih besar, karena diperlukan  energi  yang  lebih  besar  untuk merusak  butiran  yang  halus  tersebut. adanya gaya sentrifugal (CF selama proses penuangan kedalam cetakan. Logam cair akan dilempar oleh gaya sentrifugal sehingga menimbulkan tekanan pada setiap

  12. Reduktion av slöseri inom den spanska ölindustrin : – en studie av åtgärder och metoder i spåren av krisen

    OpenAIRE

    Carlström, Carl

    2014-01-01

    Den rådande eurokrisen har påverkat det spanska samhället och den spanska ölindustrin negativt. Industrin står inför utmaningar vad gäller minskad försäljning och förändrade kundpreferenser. I tider då intäkterna och försäljningen minskar finns det många sätt att öka sina marginaler. Ett av detta sätt är att börja arbeta med resurseffektivitet och att se till att slöseriet av de resurser man har minskar. De frågor studien besvarar är hur bryggeriindustrin i Spanien har arbetat för att minska ...

  13. Interkulturell kommunikation i en kinesisk kontext : En undersökning av svenska och kinesiska företagsrepresentanters upplevelser av det interkulturella mötet. Ett teoretiskt perspektiv på en praktisk utmaning.

    OpenAIRE

    Hjalmarsson, Ida

    2010-01-01

    Jag har genom en förberedande fältstudie, litteraturgenomgång och enkätintervjuer undersökt svenska och kinesiska företagsrepresentanters upplevelser av det interkulturella mötet, med utgångspunkt i svenska företag som opererar på den kinesiska marknaden. Det var uppsatsens syfte och jag har utgått ifrån frågeställningen: Hur upplever svenska och kinesiska företagsrepresentanter det interkulturella mötet? Subfrågor till denna är: Vilka kulturella faktorer skapar det kinesiska sättet att kommu...

  14. Face to Face : Marknadsföring på Facebook - en studie av åsikter från ett inifrån- och utifrånperspektiv.

    OpenAIRE

    Christensson, Annika; Hedborn, Jenny; Källberg, Hanna

    2008-01-01

    Sociala nätverk, eller så kallade communityn är ett fenomen som fått större betydelse idag och snabbt spridit sig runt om i världen. Communityn Facebook har blivit känd för att den samlar många användare och har en god målgruppskännedom, vilket gör Facebook till en attraktiv marknadsföringsplats som har uppmärksammats av en rad olika företag och organisationer. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vilka möjligheter och begränsningar Facebook har som marknadsföringskanal, samt undersöka s...

  15. Vem vill betala för musik? : En studie om populariteten av digitala musiktjänster och illegal fildelning bland Generation Y i en svenskspråkig yrkeshögskola

    OpenAIRE

    Hjort, Ted

    2011-01-01

    Generation Y skiljer sig mycket från tidigare generationer enligt många forskare och inte minst då när det gäller konsumtionsbeteende och värderingar. Till Generation Y tillhör de personer som är födda från åttiotalets början till mitten av nittiotalet. Under de senaste tio åren har sättet vi konsumerar musik ändrat mycket drastiskt. Genom internet och digitaliseringen av musiken har de flesta och inte minst Generation Y gått över från att köpa Cd-skivor i butiken till att ladda ner, båd...

  16. Det gränslösa arbetslivets genomtränglighet i Spotify-rekryterarnas sfärer : hur flexibilitet och tillgänglighet påverkar work-life balance

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Emelie; Hallgren, Malin

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med en förståelse för hur rekryterare upplever och hanterar flexibilitet, tillgänglighet och work-life balance i en multinationell och expanderande organisation präglad av det gränslösa arbetslivet. Denna förståelse är betydelsefull då det gränslösa arbetslivet innebär ett stort eget ansvar för individen, vilket skapar en utmaning för individen själv att måna om sin work-life balance och upprätthållandet av ett långsiktigt välmående. För att uppfylla studi...

  17. Finansiell Bootstrapping i SME : en kvantitativ studie om hur ett starkt socialt och affärsmässigt nätverk påverkar valet av bootstrappingmetoder

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Ida; Sacic, Zehra

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats är se hur ett starkt socialt och affärsmässigt nätverk påverkar valet av bootstrappingmetoder i små och medelstora företag (SME). Detta eftersom SME står för 99,9 procent av samtliga företag på den svenska marknaden och därmed är betydelsefulla för landets ekonomiska tillväxt och sysselsättning. Däremot möter SME svårigheter vid extern finansiering av sin verksamhet. SME kompenserar detta genom att engagera sig i olika ”bootstrappingaktiviteter”. Bootstrapping...

  18. Låt inte gästen få sista ordet. : En kvalitativ studie om hur tjänsteföretag inom besöksnäringen arbetar och skulle kunna arbeta med Sociala medier, WOM och eWOM

    OpenAIRE

    Braunander, Joacim; Olofsson, Fredrik

    2015-01-01

    Internet har utvecklats snabbt de senaste åren och med utvecklingen har sociala medier blivit en stor del av Internet. Sociala medier innebär all form av kommunikation som sker på Internet så som exempelvis Tripadvisor, Facebook, Twitter, Booking.com eller Instagram. Konsumenter som väljer att kommentera upplevelser och produkter på sociala medier ökar. Enligt forskning så litar framtida konsumenter mer på andra konsumenters kommentarer än vad de litar på företagets marknadsföring över deras ...

  19. Företagens behov av resebyråtjänster : Case: Karleby Resebyrå Ab

    OpenAIRE

    Björkroth, Pinja

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med arbetet är att utreda orsaker till varför resebyråtjänster används samt utreda vilka andra möjliga behov företagen har gällande resebyråtjänster. Undersökningen görs till Karleby Resebyrå. I den teoretiska delen behandlas marknadsmixerna 4P, 4C och 7P, business to business och kundlojaliteten. Som forskningsmetod i arbetet användes en kvantitativ metod med hjälp av en webbenkät. Enkäten består av 21 frågor varav 11 är öppna frågor. Webbenkäten skickades per e-post till 50 föret...

  20. Luhmanns masmedieteori och Internet som ett artificiellt intelligent semiotiskt system Luhmanns massmedieteori och Internet som ett artificiellt intelligent semiotiskt system [Luhmann’s mass-media theory and Internet as an artificial intelligent semiotic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Kåhre

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Artikeln diskuterar hur en modern form av AI-programmering, som kallas Konnektionism i en design som kallas Distribuerad AI (DAI, påverkar den uppfattning Luhmann har om massmediernas roll för den andra ordningens observationer. DAI använder noder för att skapa aktivitet i systemen och inte de koder som styr processerna i den klassiska eller symboliska formen av AI. Luhmanns teori kan utvecklas genom att ersätta systemens koder med noder som förändras beroende på i vilken relation de står till andra noder. På så sätt kan kommunikationsbegreppet utvecklas så att det också omfattar systemens interaktioner med omvärlden. Det skapar en bättre förutsättning för att observationsmöjligheter direkt uppstår genom systemens relationer till omvärlden. Internet och AI-programmerade söksystem och robotar kan då fungera som ett artificiellt semiotiskt system som skapar möjligheter att göra observationer.The article discusses how a modern form of AI programming, known as Connectionism in a design known as Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI, affects the perception Luhmann has on mass media's role concerning second-order observations. DAI uses nodes to create activity in the systems and not the codes used by the Classic or Symbolic form of AI. Luhmann’s theory can be developed by replacing the systems codes with nodes that change depending on their relations to other nodes. In this way, we can reformulate the concept of communication, so that it includes the systems interactions with the environment. It creates better conditions so that observing opportunities may arise directly from these interactions. Internet and AI-programmed search systems and robots can then act as an artificial semiotic system that creates opportunities for making observations.

  1. Pengaruh Temperatur, Massa Zink, Substrat Dan Waktu Tahan Terhadap Struktur Dan Morfologi Zno Hasil Sintesis Dengan Metode Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arisela Distyawan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Material Zink Oksida (ZnO telah berhasil disintesis menggunakan metode Chemical Vapour Transport dengan bahan dasar prekursor berupa serbuk Zn yang dipanaskan hingga mencapai temperatur uap dalam furnace horisontal. Adapun variasi yang diberikan dalam penelitian adalah berupa temperatur pemanasan (850, 900, dan 950oC, massa prekursor Zn (0,15, 0,25, dan 0,35g, lama waktu sputtering substrat (90 dan 180 detik, dan waktu tahan khusus untuk mengetahui initial growth ZnO (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, dan 60 menit. Pembentukan Zink Oksida (ZnO dikonfirmasi melalui data X-RD, dimana telah terbentuk material ZnO dengan struktur hexagonal wurtzite. Berdarsarkan data XRD juga diketahui ukuran kristal pada sampel sputtering 90 detik mengalami penurunan bersamaan penambahan massa Zn. Dari hasil pengamatan SEM didapatkan bahwa morfologi permukaan lapisan tipis ZnO terdiri dari berbagai macam bentuk berupa nanoparticle, nanowires, nanorods, dan nanotetrapod. Lapisan Zno paling tebal sebesar ±350 nm pada sampel 950oC-0,15g sputter 90 detik. Semakin tinggi temperatur operasi berdampak peningkatan ukuran partikel. Pengujian FTIR turut menguatkan terbentuknya lapisan tipis di permukaan substrat Alumina. Hal ini didasarkan terjadinya penyerapan vibrasi yang membentuk lekukan pada kisaran area 509 cm-1 dari masing-masing sampel.

  2. BENZYLIDENESALICYLOYLHYDRAZINATO- N,OTIN(IV] (R = OCH3, Br, N(CH32 AND THEIR ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Shmatkova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The complexes [SnCl4(2-OH-HB-4R-b] ·CH3CN (R = 4-OCH3 (І, 4-Br(II were obtained by interaction of SnCl4 with salicyloylhydrazones 4–R- benzaldehydes (2-OH-HB-4R-b in acetonitrile. The composition and structure (O(C=O-N(CH=N – the coordination of ligand’s amide form were established by element analysis methods, conductometry, thermogravimetry and IR spectroscopy. It was studied the anti-inflammatory activity of (I, II and previously synthesized, structurally characterized [SnCl4(2-OH-HB-4R-b∙H] (R=N (CH32 (III in model of aseptic carrageenan induced swelling, and it is shown that compound (II demonstrates the highest activity.

  3. Patientstråldosjämförelse vid konventionell urografi och lågdos CT-urografi

    OpenAIRE

    Gohil, Jignasa; Bertell, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Röntgensjuksköterskans huvudområde är radiografi som innefattar bland annat användning av joniserande strålning. CT undersökningar av urinvägssystemen och dess funktion ökar. CT ger en högre stråldos till patienter, jämfört med konventionell röntgen, vilket kan medföra olika sorters skador hos den som bestrålats. ALARAprincipen skall användas för att minska joniserande strålning så mycket som möjligt. Studien är utförd på Höglandsjukhuset i Eksjö där de har implementerat lågdosprotokoll på CT...

  4. En socialpsykologisk analys av samkönat partnervåld ur ett makt- och normativitetsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    von Braun, Thérèse

    2009-01-01

    Uppsatsens syfte var att nå en större teoretisk förståelse av samkönat partnervåld, genom att analysera olika forskningsartiklars narrativa konstruktioner av våldet. De två frågeställningarna var: 1. Hur diskuterar forskningslitteraturen samkönat partnervåld med fokus på temana relationsdynamik, karaktär hos parterna, kön, genus och sexualitet samt betydelsen av social kontext? 2. Hur diskuterar forskningslitteraturen det professionella bemötandet av samkönat partnervåld? De 21 valda primärdo...

  5. UV absorption spectrum of CH3OCH2 radicals and kinetics of the reaction of CH3OCH2O2 radicals with NO and NO2 in the gas phase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langer, S.; Ljungström, E.; Ellermann, T.

    1995-01-01

    Alkyl and alkylperoxy radicals originating from dimethyl ether have been studied in the gas phase at 296 K. A pulse radiolysis-UV absorption technique was used. Absorption cross-sections were quantified over the wavelength range 220-350 nm. At 230 nm, sigma(CH3OCH2) = (4.2 +/- 0.5) X 10(-18) cm(2...

  6. Planering och genomförandet av en leende-kampanj för de anställda på Esbo IKEA

    OpenAIRE

    Hietanen, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Kundservice är viktigt för ett företags framgång och därför bör de investera i det. Då kundernas upplevelser överrensstämmer med de förväntningar de haft för företaget kommer de mer sannolikt att komma tillbaka och berätta om upplevelserna till personer i sin omgivning. De anställda har en avgörande roll i detta sammanhang. De kan med sitt agerande inverka både positivt samt negativt på synen på kundservicenivån i företaget. Syftet med detta examensarbete är att planera samt genomföra en leen...

  7. Den inre och yttre självkänslans betydelse för tendensen att bruka self-handicapping

    OpenAIRE

    Ottosson, Olivia

    2008-01-01

    Självkänsla är något vi ständigt bär med oss och den inverkar på vårt agerande samt våra val i livet. Johnson (2003) delar in självkänslan i två delar den inre och yttre, vilka kan kombineras till fyra personligheter. Forskning har visat att självkänslan samvarierar med tendensen till att bruka self-handicapping. Self-handicapping innebär att människan skapar hinder för sig själv påhittade eller verkliga. Etthundrasju studenter fyllde i en enkät bestående av 58 påståenden, vilken mätte inre, ...

  8. Isolation, structural determination, and evaluation of the biological activity of 20(S)-25-methoxyl-dammarane-3beta, 12beta, 20-triol [20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD], a novel natural product from Panax notoginseng.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Y; Wang, W; Han, L; Rayburn, E R; Hill, D L; Wang, H; Zhang, R

    2007-01-01

    Ginseng has been used extensively for medicinal purposes, with suggested utility for indications as diverse as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Herein we report the discovery and characterization of 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD, a ginsenoside that inhibits growth and survival of cancer cells. The novel dammarane triterpene sapogenin (C31H56O4; molecular weight 492) was isolated from the total hydrolyzed saponins extracted from the leaves of Panax notoginseng using conventional and reverse-phase silica gel chromatography. Based on physicochemical characteristics and NMR data, the compound was identified as 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD. The biological activities of 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD and its known analogs, 20(S)-PPD and Rg3, were evaluated in 12 human cancer cell lines. In all cell lines, the order of cytotoxicity of the test compounds was 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD > 20(S)-PPD > Rg3. 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD also induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase, and inhibited proliferation in breast cancer cell lines, demonstrating its potent biological effects. In regard to cytotoxicity, the IC50 values of 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD for most cell lines were in the lower microM range, a 5-15-fold greater cytotoxicity relative to 20(S)-PPD and a 10-100-fold increase over Rg3. These findings suggest a structure-activity relationship among dammarane-type sapogenins. The data presented here may provide a basis for the future development of 20(S)-25-OCH3-PPD as a novel anti-cancer agent.

  9. Är vi överens om det? Samspel och samstämmighet i svensklärares bedömningssamtal om gymnasieelevers skrivande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Blomqvist

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Artikeln beskriver svensklärares interaktion och samstämmighet i samtal om summativ bedömning av gymnasieelevers skrivande. I ett dialogiskt perspektiv (Linell, 2011 undersöks interaktionella mönster avseende dominans, dynamik och koherens i tre svensklärargruppers bedömningssamtal. Dessa interaktionella mönster ställs i relation till uttryck för samstämmighet inom och mellan lärargrupperna. Resultatet visar att lärarna uttrycker hög grad av samstämmighet i bedömningssamtalen men att de bedömningar som lärarna gör enskilt i anslutning till samtalen enbart till viss del överensstämmer med gruppens beslut. Lägst grad av samstämmighet uppvisar den lärargrupp som i samtalen framstod som mest samstämmig. Där kännetecknas beslutsprocesserna av låg intensitet genom att få alternativ till bedömningar prövas. I de lärargrupper där intensiteten är högre genom att flera lärare styr samtalet i olika riktningar och där lärarna tillsammans prövar flera olika förslag på bedömning överensstämmer även enskilda lärares bedömningar i högre grad med gruppens beslut. Bedömningsöverensstämmelsen mellan lärargrupperna är däremot låg.

  10. PCB and Dioxin content of Swedish waste fuels; PCB- och dioxininnehaall i svenska avfallsbraenslen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blomqvist, Evalena (Swedish National Testing and Research Inst., Boraas (Sweden)) (and others)

    2009-06-15

    Reported dioxin data in the literature presents a rather large variation, 1-255 ng I-TEQ/kg, among different municipal solid waste (MSW) mixture samples taken within different countries. However the variation is not only large between different countries, a significant variation is reported within each study as well. Results that shows the importance of using reliable and representative sampling methods. The majority of the reported dioxin levels is within 4 to 45 ng I-TEQ/kg waste. In some of the reported studies the dioxin content has as well been analysed in sources-sorted fractions. The majority, 90-95%, of the detected dioxins were found in the fraction consisting of textiles and leather. This study aims to analyse the amount and variations, of the toxic dioxin and PCB congeners within a typical MSW mixture in Sweden, before it is energy recovered in a waste incineration plant. The study includes 20 samples, taken from two different plants in Sweden i.e. Renova and Boraas Energi och Miljoe, during 2007/2008. A well evaluated sampling method were used at both plants to achieve representative samples. Each sampling campaign resulted in a 30 kg sample that was transported in sealed containers to a laboratory. The heat value and a complete determination of the elementary content was analysed as well as the levels of toxic dioxins and PCBs in all samples. All results, both organic and inorganic, were rather similar between the two incineration plants. The resemblance within the results is an outcome of that good and representative sampling method has been used during the sampling campaigns. The average value (+/- standard deviation) of all 20 samples is 29 +/-15 ng I-TEQ per kilo of dry MSW. An average value which is within the lower range of the previous reported levels in the literature. The lower dioxin content within Swedish MSW mixtures is most likely due to the relative well-controlled waste management and sorting system in Sweden. The majority of the

  11. Den komplexa väven Att organisera för barns övergångar till och från förskoleklass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Ackesjö

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on how children's transitions to and from preschool classes are organized in different schools. Principal’s arguments for this organization were sought via a web-based survey and analyzed using the frame factor theory in addition to theories of practical sense and the concept of continuity. The results show that children tend to make more transitions between social communities the younger they are. The distribution of the principal’s answers show that the majority of them, because of external conditions, split the preschool groups to new classes in the transition to preschool class. However, the same movements are not indicated in the transition to first grade. The results show how the work of organizing chidren’s transitions represent a complex web of external actual conditions as the number of children and the recruitment area of the school, the internal logics and ideas about what is best for children and best for continued learning as well as the school's own traditions of working with transitions. Föreliggande studie fokuserar på hur barns övergångar till och från förskoleklass organiseras på olika skolor. Via en webbaserad enkät söks skolledares argument för denna organisering. I analysen nyttjas ett ramfaktorteoretiskt tänkande som kompletteras med teorier om praktiskt förnuft samt kontinuitetsbegreppet. Resultaten visar att barn tenderar att göra fler övergångar mellan barngrupper och sociala gemenskaper ju yngre de är. Fördelningen av skolledarnas svar visar att majoriteten, på grund av yttre villkor, delar förskolegrupperna till nya klasser i övergången till förskoleklass. Däremot indikeras inte samma rörlighet i övergången till årskurs 1. Resultaten visar hur arbetet med att organisera övergångarna utgör en komplex väv av yttre faktiska villkor som barnantal och upptagningsområdets storlek, av inre logiker och föreställningar om vad som är det bästa för barnen och det b

  12. Conformational and spectroscopic study of xanthogen ethyl formates, ROC(S)SC(O)OCH2CH3. Isolation of CH3CH2OC(O)SH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juncal, Luciana C.; Cozzarín, Melina V.; Romano, Rosana M.

    2015-03-01

    ROC(S)SC(O)OCH2CH3, with R = CH3sbnd , (CH3)2CHsbnd and CH3(CH2)2sbnd , were obtained through the reaction between potassium xanthate salts, ROC(S)SK, and ethyl chloroformate, ClC(O)OCH2CH3. The liquid compounds were identified and characterized by 1H and 13C NMR and mass spectrometry. The conformations adopted by the molecules were studied by DFT methods. 6 conformers were theoretically predicted for R = CH3sbnd and (CH3)2CHsbnd , while the conformational flexibility of the n-propyl substituent increases the total number of feasible rotamers to 21. For the three molecules, the conformers can be associated in 3 groups, being the most stable the AS forms - the Cdbnd S double bond anti (A) with respect to the Csbnd S single bond and the Ssbnd C single bond syn (S) with respect to the Cdbnd O double bond - followed by AA and SS conformers. The vibrational spectra were interpreted in terms of the predicted conformational equilibrium, presenting the ν(Cdbnd O) spectral region signals corresponding to the three groups of conformers. A moderated pre-resonance Raman enhancement of the ν(Cdbnd S) vibrational mode of CH3(CH2)2OC(S)SC(O)OCH2CH3 was detected, when the excitation radiation approaches the energy of a n → π∗ electronic transition associated with the Cdbnd S chromophore. UV-visible spectra in different solvents were measured and interpreted in terms of TD-DFT calculations. The unknown molecule CH3CH2OC(O)SH was isolated by the UV-visible photolysis of CH3OC(S)SC(O)OCH2CH3 isolated in Ar matrix, and also obtained as a side-product of the reaction between potassium xanthate salts, ROC(S)SK, and ethyl chloroformate, ClC(O)OCH2CH3.

  13. Från tonåring till toppbloggare : En kvalitativ fallstudie om självpresentation och det personliga varumärket kommunicerat genom en blogg

    OpenAIRE

    Laricchia, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    Sammanfattning Detta är en fallstudie över en Sveriges mest välkända och framgångsrika bloggar – www.kenzas.se, driven av Kenza Zouiten. Syftet med studien var att ta reda på hur man via självpresentation genom en blogg kan bygga upp och skapa sig ett starkt personligt varumärke. De frågeställningar studien utgick ifrån var hur Kenza Zouiten väljer att framställa sig själv som person i skriven text och i bilder, samt huruvida det finns några skillnader i hur hon väljer att framställa sig själ...

  14. Hur reagerar läsarna på sponsrade inlägg publicerade på Isabella Löwengrips blogg? : En teoriprövande studie av Stuart Halls teori om inkodning och avkodning.

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentzon, Karin; Gustafsson, Victor

    2017-01-01

    Denna studie handlar om hur ett sponsrat blogginlägg av en influencer inkodas och hur läsarna i kommentarerna avkodar meddelandet och reagerar på inlägget. Studiens syfte är att öka förståelsen för hur läsare avkodar sponsrade blogginlägg. Vi antog innan genomförandet att fler skulle avkoda meddelandena på ett sätt som skulle vara mer kritiskt gentemot samarbetet, därför har det gjorts en teoriprövande studie av Stuart Halls teori om inkodning och avkodning. För uppnå vårt syfte har vi använt...

  15. Employer branding på Q-Med : En fallstudie i hur företagsspecifika värden förmedlas till potentiella och befintliga medarbetare

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Stina; Ljungmark, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Sammanfattning "Employer branding på Q-Med – En fallstudie i hur företagsspecifika värden förmedlas till potentiella och befintliga medarbetare" Datum: 19 januari, 2011 Nivå: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 ECTS Institution: Akademin för hållbar samhälls‐ och teknikutveckling, HST, Mälardalens Högskola Författare: Erik Ljungmark 29 januari 1980, Stina Nilsson 25 april 1983 Titel: Employer branding på Q-Med – En fallstudie i hur företagsspecifika värden förmedlas till potentiella och...

  16. Arbetet med arbetsgivarvarumärkets attraktivitet : En kvalitativ intervjustudie i tre företag om hur arbetet med "Employer branding" ser ut och implementeras i företag.

    OpenAIRE

    Drugge, Marie; Bernelind, Diana

    2013-01-01

    Arbetet med att stärka ett arbetsgivarvarumärkes attraktivitet, både internt och externt, det alltmer välbekanta begreppet “Employer branding”, är ett vanligt förekommande koncept i dagens organisationer. Syftet med studien är att försöka ta reda på vad fenomenet “Employer branding” är och hur organisationer kan bedriva arbetet med att göra sitt arbetsgivarvarumärket attraktiv på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Tieto, COWI och Klarna AB är de företag som deltar i studien. Begreppen legitimitet o...

  17. Disproportionation and thermochemical sulfate reduction reactions in S-H20-Ch4 and S-D2O-CH4 systems from 200 to 340 °C at elevated pressures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Shunda; Chou, I-Ming; Burruss, Robert A.

    2013-01-01

    Elemental sulfur, as a transient intermediate compound, by-product, or catalyst, plays significant roles in thermochemical sulfate reduction (TSR) reactions. However, the mechanisms of the reactions in S-H2O-hydrocarbons systems are not clear. To improve our understanding of reaction mechanisms, we conducted a series of experiments between 200 and 340 °C for S-H2O-CH4, S-D2O-CH4, and S-CH4-1m ZnBr2 systems in fused silica capillary capsules (FSCC). After a heating period ranging from 24 to 2160 hours (hrs), the quenched samples were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy. Combined with the in situ Raman spectra collected at high temperatures and pressures in the S-H2O and S-H2O-CH4 systems, our results showed that (1) the disproportionation of sulfur in the S-H2O-CH4 system occurred at temperatures above 200 °C and produced H2S, SO42-, and possibly trace amount of HSO4-; (2) sulfate (and bisulfate), in the presence of sulfur, can be reduced by methane between 250 and 340 °C to produce CO2 and H2S, and these TSR temperatures are much closer to those of the natural system (2O-CH4 system may take place simultaneously, with TSR being favored at higher temperatures; and (4) in the system S-D2O-CH4, both TSR and the competitive disproportionation reactions occurred simultaneously at temperatures above 300 °C, but these reactions were very slow at lower temperatures. Our observation of methane reaction at 250 °C in a laboratory time scale suggests that, in a geologic time scale, methane may be destroyed by TSR reactions at temperatures > 200 °C that can be reached by deep drilling for hydrocarbon resources.

  18. Att lära sig se trådraken – om tvekan och fokusförskjutning på väg mot förändrat kunnande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marléne Johansson

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Utgångspunkten i denna artikel är empiriskt förankrade exempel från textilslöjdspraktiker i den svenska skolan; grundskolans slöjdundervisning årskurs 8 och ett specialutformat program inom gymnasieskolan med textil inriktning i årskurserna 1 och 3. Artikelns videoutdrag handlar alla om principiellt samma handling – trådrak mönsterutläggning på tyg – men, dels finns det två olika inramningar (grundskolan och gymnasieskolan, och dels exemplifierar de olika skeden av kunnande. Syftet är att beskriva skillnader i kunnande och vad som framstår som svårt för elever med liten eller ingen erfarenhet av att lägga ut mönster på ett tyg inför tillklippning och hur kunnandet förändras med ökande erfarenhet, liksom vilka nya svårigheter som följer med att elever arbetar med mönster av ökande komplexitet. Det som vid en första blick kan framstå som samma handling utvecklas över tid från något som framstår som enkel handling till att utvecklas i komplexitet. I de tvekan-situationer som beskriv finns potential för ett förändrat deltagande, där förändringen idealt är ett mer kompetent deltagande där ingen tvekan förekommer. Med ökad förtrogenhet kan uppmärksamheten förflyttas till något annat. Det vi är förtrogna med blir till rutiner och därmed behövs det en avvikelse för att fånga uppmärksamheten. I avvikelsen ligger möjligheterna till fortsatt lärande. Artikelns empiriska exempel synliggör dessa skillnader i kunnande som annars oreflekterat kan uppfattas som lika. Eleverna bygger in kunskap i sina handlingar, fokus flyttar från att inte veta vad man tittar på till självklarheten i handlingen. Eleverna lär sig se och urskilja.

  19. Low-k SiOCH Film Etching Process and Its Diagnostics Employing Ar/C5F10O/N2 Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Mikio; Hayashi, Takayuki; Hori, Masaru; Okamoto, Hidekazu

    2006-09-01

    We proposed an environmental harmonic etching gas of C5F10O (CF3CF2CF2OCFCF2), and demonstrated the etching of low-k SiOCH films employing a dual-frequency capacitively coupled etching system. Dissociative ionization cross sections for the electron impact ionizations of C5F10O and c-C4F8 gases have been measured by quadrupole mass spectroscopy (QMS). The dissociative ionization cross section of CF3+ from C5F10O gas was much higher than those of other ionic species, and 10 times higher than that of CF3+ from C4F8 gas. CF3+ is effective for increasing the etching rate of SiO2. As a result, the etching rate of SiOCH films using Ar/C5F10O/N2 plasma was about 1000 nm/min, which is much higher than that using Ar/C4F8/N2 plasma. The behaviours of fluorocarbon radicals in Ar/C5F10O/N2 plasma, which were measured by infrared diode laser absorption spectroscopy, were similar to those in Ar/C4F8/N2 plasma. The densities of CF and CF3 radicals were markedly decreased with increasing N2 flow rate. Etching rate was controlled by N2 flow rate. A vertical profile of SiOCH with a high etching rate and less microloading was realized using Ar/C5F10O/N2 plasma chemistry.

  20. Rehabilitering efter dekompression och diskoperation - framställandet av en fysioterapeutisk patientanvisning : Ett beställningsarbete av Tölö sjukhus

    OpenAIRE

    Nyberg, Jasmina

    2016-01-01

    Examensarbetet är ett praktiskt inriktat examensarbete med fokus på rehabiliteringen efter en dekompressions- och diskoperation. Det är ett beställningsarbete av Tölö sjukhus med syftet att framställa en fysioterapeutisk patientanvisning. Önskemål från uppdragsgivare var att utforma en tydlig patientanvisning för ryggopererade bestående av skriftliga instruktioner angående postoperativ rehabilitering i form av vardagliga aktiviteter, fysisk aktivitet, ryggens viloställningar, vi...

  1. Främja medarbetarnas engagemang : Ett ledarskapsverktyg för att öka engagemang och undvika utbrändhet

    OpenAIRE

    Järnström, Ida

    2016-01-01

    De senaste åren har engagemang varit ett mycket omtalat ämne, då forskning har visat att engagemang har en positiv inverkan på organisationens framgång. Dagens turbulenta värld tvingar dock organisationerna att kräva högre prestationer av sina medarbetare trots färre resurser, vilket kan resultera i oengagemang och utbrändhet. Detta bekräftas utgående från gallupundersökningar, vilka visar att en endast en liten del av medarbetarna verkligen är engagerade på sina arbetsplatser. Syftet med...

  2. Characterization of a distonic isomer C6H5C+(OH)OCH2 of methyl benzoate radical cation by associative ion-molecule reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dechamps, Noémie; Flammang, Robert; Gerbaux, Pascal; Nam, Pham-Cam; Nguyen, Minh Tho

    2006-03-01

    The C6H5C+(OH)OCH2 radical cation, formally a distonic isomer of ionized methyl benzoate, has been prepared by dissociative ionization of neopentyl benzoate, as earlier suggested by Audier et al. [H.E. Audier, A. Milliet, G. Sozzi, S. Hammerum, Org. Mass. Spectrom. 25 (1990) 44]. Its distonic character has now been firmly established by its high reactivity towards neutral methyl isocyanide (ionized methylene transfer) producing N-methyl ketenimine ions. Other mass spectrometric experiments and ab initio quantum chemical calculations also concur with each other pointing toward the existence of a stable distonic radical cation.

  3. Atmospheric chemistry of (CF3)2CHOCH3, (CF3)2CHOCHO, and CF3C(O)OCH3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østerstrøm, Freja From; Wallington, Timothy J.; Andersen, Mads Peter Sulbæk

    2015-01-01

    Smog chambers with in situ FTIR detection were used to measure rate coefficients in 700 Torr of air and 296 ± 2 K of: k(Cl+(CF3)2CHOCH3) = (5.41 ± 1.63) × 10(-12), k(Cl+(CF3)2CHOCHO) = (9.44 ± 1.81) × 10(-15), k(Cl+CF3C(O)OCH3) = (6.28 ± 0.98) × 10(-14), k(OH+(CF3)2CHOCH3) = (1.86 ± 0.41) × 10(-1...

  4. Pengaruh NiCrAlY, Ni/Cr2O3/CrxCy Sebagai Variasi Bond Coat Dengan Penambahan Lapisan Al2O3 dan YSZ Pada Inconel 625 Terhadap Struktur Mikro Lapisan Menggunakan Metode Flame Spraying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprian Immanuel

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC berfungsi untuk mengurangi temperatur substrat serta meningkatkan daya tahannya terhadap korosi dan oksidasi. Pada penelitian ini, digunakan flame spraying dari variasi bond coat (Ni-Cr-Al-Y, (Ni/CrO3/CrXCY dan tanpa bond coat serta melapisi kembali lapisan bond coat dengan Al2O3 dan ZrO2 – 8%Y2O3 sebagai Thermal Barrier Coating untuk diteliti pengaruhnya terhadap struktur mikro lapisan yang terbentuk. Hasil flame spray diamati dengan SEM pada variasi bond coat NiCrAlY ditemukan beberapa serbuk dari material top coat dengan beberapa kondisi yaitu meleleh (melted, meleleh sebagian (semi melted, dan tidak meleleh (unmelted. Ditemukan poros yang merata hampir di seluruh permukaan sampel dan munculnya pengintian retak. Perbedaan sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan ada pada persebaran setiap unsur di setiap spesimen, dan lapisan oksida yang terbentuk pada seluruh variasi bond coat

  5. Att veta när man ska göra det man vet att man ska göra : om barn med ADHD, uppfattning av tid och att komma ihåg att göra det man har planerat

    OpenAIRE

    Hillertz, Anna

    2005-01-01

    I den här studien undersöks om det är bristande tidsuppfattning som orsakar sämre prospektivt minne hos barn med diagnos ADHD. Studien syftar även till att utreda vad prospektivt minne har för relation till arbetsminne och exekutiva funktioner. Studien har genomförts genom att två grupper, en grupp barn med diagnos ADHD och en kontrollgrupp, har utfört uppgifter som ger mått på prospektivt minne, tidsuppfattning, arbetsminne och exekutiva funktioner. Barnen i ADHD-gruppen har även deltagit i ...

  6. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS TUMBUHAN DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DI LAHAN KRITIS, IMOGIRI YOGYAKARTA (Community Structure of Plant and Environmental Factor in Critical Land, Imogiri Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maizer Said Nahdi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan mempelajari struktur komunitas tumbuhan pada berbagai tingkat pertumbuhan  sebagai  respon  terhadap aktivitas masyarakat, dan kualitas fisik kimia tanah yang terbentuk di kawasan lahan kritis Imogiri. Metode penelitian menggunakan kuadrat plot, dengan  ukuran plot 1x1, 5x5, 10x10, ulangan 6 – 10 diletakkan secara stratified random sampling. Pengumpulan data dengan mengamati kehadiran cacah spesies, dihitung kerapatan, dominansi, frekuensi spesies, dan Nilai Penting. Analisis ordinasi dua dimensi digunakan untuk mengelompokkan komunitas pada berbagai tingkat pertumbuhan, dengan analisis t-test untuk uji signifikansi unsur fisik kimia tanah. Hasil penelitian ditemukan 303 spesies, terdiri dari 34 tingkat pohon, 62 sapling dan 207 tumbuhan bawah dengan distribusi yang bervariasi. Kemelimpahan menunjukkan bahwa pada tingkat pohon terjadi pengelompokan, sedangkan pada tingkat sapling dan tumbuhan bawah mengumpul menjadi satu. Dalbergia sisso tingkat pohon dan sapling serta tumbuhan bawah  Euphatorium inulifolium merupakan spesies paling dominan dan merespon kondisi lahan kritis sehingga dapat dijumpai pada semua lokasi kajian. Kemelimpahan tingkat pohon sangat dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas masyarakat, dan mineral organik yang terbentuk sehingga didominasi vegetasi dengan nilai ekonomi tinggi. Sedangkan kehadiran spesies tingkat sapling dan tumbuhan bawah merespon kandungan hara yang terbentuk.   ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to study the community structure of plant at different growth-forms in response to the activities of the local community (people and the physico-chemical characteristics of soil in the critical land of Imogiri. The research methods employed random quadrat with plot size of 1 x 1, 5 x 5, 10 x 10 m.  The placement of the plot followed stratified random sampling. At each plot, species richness, density, dominance, frequency of species, importance values were calculated. The grouping of

  7. Structure of X-ray photoelectron spectra of low-energy and core electrons of Ln(C6H4OCH3COO-3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teterin Yury A.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the results of an X-ray photo electron spectroscopy of lanthanide ortho-metoxybenzoates Ln(C6H4OCH3COO-3, where Ln represents lanthanides La through Lu except for Pm and C6H4OCH3COO- - residuum of ortho-metoxybenzoic acid. The core and outer electron X-ray photo electron spectroscopy spectra in the binding energy range of 0-1250 eV were shown to exhibit a complex, fine structure. The said structure was established due to the outer (0-15 eV binding energy and inner (15-50 eV binding energy valence molecular orbital from the filled Ln5p and O2s atomic shells multiple splitting, many-body perturbation, dynamic effect, etc. The mechanisms of such a fine structure formation were shown to manifest different probabilities in the spectrum of a certain electronic shell. There fore, the fine X-ray photo electron spectroscopy spectral structure resulting from a certain mechanism can be interpreted and its quantitative parameters related to the physical and chemical properties of the studied com pounds (degree of delocalization and participation of Ln4f electrons in the chemical bond, electronic configuration and oxidation states, density of uncoupled electrons on paramagnetic ions, degree of participation of the low binding energy filled electronic shells of lanthanide and ligands information of the outer and in nervalence molecular orbitals, lanthanide close environment structure in amorphous materials, etc.

  8. Spytkirtlernes normale struktur og funktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Jensen, Siri Beier; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2011-01-01

    , bidrager til dannelse af en beskyttende og smørende overflade på tænder og mundslimhinde, har en betydelig antimikrobiel funktion, indeholder komponenter, der forebygger demineralisering af tandoverfladen, ligesom spyt medvirker til at vedligeholde et neutralt pH i mundhulen. Endelig har spyttet betydning...

  9. TEORI STRUKTUR MODAL : SEBUAH SURVEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujoko Sujoko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explored capital structure theory since 1952 to 1996. The Capital Structure theory firstly introduced by David Duran (1952 to estimate value of the firm. Modigliani and Miller introduced MM-theory and become landmark the capital structure theory because the many paper always referred to the paper. Pecking order theory, Agency Theory and Signaling  theory and Dynamic capital structure explained in this paper.

  10. A computational study of the addition of ReO3L (L = Cl(-), CH3, OCH3 and Cp) to ethenone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aniagyei, Albert; Tia, Richard; Adei, Evans

    2016-01-01

    The periselectivity and chemoselectivity of the addition of transition metal oxides of the type ReO3L (L = Cl, CH3, OCH3 and Cp) to ethenone have been explored at the MO6 and B3LYP/LACVP* levels of theory. The activation barriers and reaction energies for the stepwise and concerted addition pathways involving multiple spin states have been computed. In the reaction of ReO3L (L = Cl(-), OCH3, CH3 and Cp) with ethenone, the concerted [2 + 2] addition of the metal oxide across the C=C and C=O double bond to form either metalla-2-oxetane-3-one or metalla-2,4-dioxolane is the most kinetically favored over the formation of metalla-2,5-dioxolane-3-one from the direct [3 + 2] addition pathway. The trends in activation and reaction energies for the formation of metalla-2-oxetane-3-one and metalla-2,4-dioxolane are Cp Cp Cp Cp Cp. The direct [2 + 2] addition pathways leading to the formations of metalla-2-oxetane-3-one and metalla-2,4-dioxolane is thermodynamically the most favored for the ligands L = OCH3 and Cl(-). The difference between the calculated [2 + 2] activation barriers for the addition of the metal oxide LReO3 across the C=C and C=O functionalities of ethenone are small except for the case of L = Cl(-) and OCH3. The rearrangement of the metalla-2-oxetane-3-one-metalla-2,5-dioxolane-3-one even though feasible, are unfavorable due to high activation energies of their rate-determining steps. For the rearrangement of the metalla-2-oxetane-3-one to metalla-2,5-dioxolane-3-one, the trends in activation barriers is found to follow the order OCH3 Cp. The trends in the activation energies for the most favorable [2 + 2] addition pathways for the LReO3-ethenone system is CH3 > CH3O(-) > Cl(-) > Cp. For the analogous ethylene-LReO3 system, the trends in activation and reaction energies for the most favorable [3 + 2] addition pathway is CH3 > CH3O(-) > Cl(-) > Cp [10]. Even though the most favored pathway in the ethylene-LReO3 system is

  11. Självkänsla hos daghemsbarn : En kvalitativ undersökning om hur barnträdgårdslärare bekräftar och stärker barnets självkänsla på daghem

    OpenAIRE

    Fant, Sofia

    2017-01-01

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att ta reda på hur en barnträdgårdslärare kan stärka och bekräfta barnets självkänsla på daghem. Vilken syn och uppfattning finns det om självkänslan på daghem och hur kan man stödja barnen på bästa sätt när det gäller självkänslan? I detta examensarbete har jag genom litteratur tagit fram vad självkänsla är, men även olika definitioner kring självkänslan och hur miljön runt om kan påverka självkänslan hos barnet. I intervjuerna som blev gjorda framkom ...

  12. Fouling and slagging problems at recovered wood fuel combustion; Orsaker till askrelaterade driftproblem vid eldning av returtraeflis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersson, Christer; Hoegberg, Jan [Vattenfall Utveckling AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2001-03-01

    CHP-plants that use a large portion of sorted wood waste fuel can face ash-related problems. By analysing the circumstances about these problems, the goal is to find causes for the problems and measures that can be taken. This knowledge can then be utilised in plants where it is desired to increase the portion of sorted wood waste fuel. For the measurements, a deposit probe is a good tool to use since the result is independent of many boiler-specific factors. Compared with forest residues, sorted wood waste causes a more problematic ash. The risk of troublesome fouling and corrosion seems to increase with increased admixture of sorted wood waste fuel. Plugging of the grate is associated with melts that are formed from metallic contamination in the fuel. These melts obstruct the air holes. The melts that have been seen during the project have had a content of aluminium, brass and zinc. In order to solve these problems, the construction and cooling of the grate and quality assurance of the fuel are important aspects. One problem that was found in all of the studied boilers (grates as well as fluidized beds) is growth of fouling on surfaces for heat transfer. Measurements with deposit probe show that the initial growth rate on superheaters are approximately 3 - 5 times higher when sorted wood waste is used than if forest residues is used. Even if this growth rate can not be extrapolated to a complete operating season, the relative difference between the fuels remains. The extent of the problem depends on the dimensioning of the boiler. The fouling tends to have a light outer layer that can be disadvantageous for the absorption of heat radiation. Haendeloe P11 needs for example to be stopped for cleaning with an interval of 2 - 3 months because of lost heat absorption in the furnace and the convection path. The most obvious ash related problem that was found in Haendeloe P11 when 100 % sorted wood waste fuel was used was corrosion on the walls of the lower parts of the furnace. The corrosion has forced an exchange of large parts of the panel walls. More or less severe corrosion on the superheaters is reported from all of the boilers that were studied in the project. Since most of them use sorted wood waste mixed with some other fuel, it is difficult to make conclusions about the specific role of the sorted wood waste fuel for this corrosion. Long-term measurements with a deposit probe in Haendeloe P11 shows that the deposit growth rate varies with a factor five from day to day, although the load is relatively constant. In addition to the typical components in wood fuel ash such as calcium, potassium and sulphur, also zinc, lead, and in some cases titanium are concentrated in the deposits. Zinc is common in the deposits from the grate furnaces and the CFB within the concentration interval 5 - 20 % (also higher contents occur). The zinc content was lower in the deposits from the CFB. Lead and titanium was found to a higher extent in the fluidized bed boilers.

  13. Vad behöver eleverna undervisning i för att utveckla sitt skrivande? Förväntningsnormer och didaktiska beslut i svensklärares bedömningssamtal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Blomqvist

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available I studien samtalar tre lärargrupper om elevers skrivande och skrivundervisning i ämnet svenska på gymnasiet. Det teoretiska perspektiv som läggs på dessa samtal är didaktiskt och inriktas på hur lärare formulerar och använder bedömningsinformation om elevers skrivande för beslut om skrivundervisningens innehåll. Resultatet visar att lärares bedömningar av elevers skrivande behandlar fler och delvis andra aspekter av skrivförmåga än vad deras didaktiska beslut sedan omfattar. De kvalitetsuppfattningar och förväntningsnormer som lärarna uttrycker i sina bedömningar av elevers skrivande inriktas huvudsakligen på texters kommunikativa kvaliteter, den stilistiska utformningen och textuppbyggnaden, följt av ämnesinnehåll och källanvändning. De didaktiska beslut som fattas utifrån bedömningen av elevers texter inriktas däremot i stort sett enbart på att eleverna behöver skrivundervisning i att disponera text och att använda källor. Detta gör att överensstämmelsen är låg mellan lärarnas beslut om skrivundervisningens inriktning och deras förväntningar på vad eleverna ska kunna. De didaktiska besluten omfattar i begränsad utsträckning den bedömningsinformation som lärarna själva har formulerat.Nyckelord: Skrivbedömning, kvalitetsuppfattningar, förväntningsnormer, didaktiska beslut, formativ bedömning, svenskämnets didaktik, svenska på gymnasietAbstractThis article presents an analysis of teacher group discussions about students’ writing in the subject of Swedish in upper secondary school. The study adopts a pedagogical perspective on these discussions and focuses on examining teachers’ expressed assessment criteria and relating them to their pedagogical decision-making. The results reveal that the teachers’ assessments of students’ writing focus on much more, and partly other, criteria than their pedagogical decisions. The quality standards that teachers express in the discussions about

  14. Studiemotivation en jämförelse mellan gymnasieelevers egen uppfattning om motivationsnivå och Self-Determination Theory : en jämförelse mellan gymnasieelevers egen uppfattning om motivationsnivå och Self-Determination Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Hagdahl, Kristina; Jimmy, Hammarbäck

    2014-01-01

    Studien handlar om svenska gymnasieelevers motivation för att studera matematikämnet. Den teoretiska grunden hämtas ifrån Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur väl gymnasieelevers egen uppfattning om sin motivationsnivå kan prediceras genom de fyra ingående motivationsorienteringarna i Self-Determination Theory: (1) external regulation; (2) introjected regulation; (3) identified regulation; och (4) intrinsic motivation. Deltagarna (n = 132), 44...

  15. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Terhadap Kinerja Dengan Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAIC Sebagai Variabel Intervening [The Influence of Ownership Structure on Performance with Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAIC as an Intervening Variable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Ismiyanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Development of science, innovation, and economics shifts the view of how to run a labor-based business into a knowledge-based business. Intellectual capital (IC, which is based on the competitive advantage of companies, is considered as one of the hidden assets that contributes to the measurement of companies’ value. Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAICTM is a method developed by Pulic, which became the standard to gauge IC on research in various countries. Ownership structure has indicated effects on VAICTM, because shareholder’s governance reflects the control and supervision of company's assets and performance. VAICTM also has indicated impacts on ROE and company’s market performance, which is proxied by Q  Ratio Modification. The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of ownership structure, such as managerial, domestic institutional, foreign institutional, and government ownership on VAICTM, as well as the influence of VAICTM to the ROE and Q  Ratio Modification on 218 observations of listed companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period of 2009-2011 using the recursive regression analysis method. The results showed a significantly negative effect of government ownership on VAICTM, and VAICTM had a significantly positive effect on ROE and Q  Ratio Modification. BAHASA INDONESIA ABSTRAK: Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan, inovasi, dan ekonomi menggeser pandangan cara menjalankan bisnis yang berbasis tenaga kerja (labor-based business menjadi bisnis yang berkarakter ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge-based business. Intellectual capital (IC yang bertumpu pada keunggulan bersaing perusahaan dianggap menjadi salah satu hidden assets yang berkontribusi terhadap pengukuran nilai perusahaan. Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAICTM adalah metode yang dikembangkan oleh Pulic, yang menjadi standar pengukur IC pada banyak penelitian di berbagai negara. Struktur kepemilikan diindikasikan memiliki efek terhadap

  16. Volkswagen - Ett globalt fusk : En deskriptiv studie om biljättens utsläppsskandal och dess påverkan

    OpenAIRE

    Edlund, Erik; de Bourgh, Oscar

    2016-01-01

    Genom åren har ett flertal bolag världen över involverats i olika slags skandaler, en del som rena brott och andra som skylls på misstag eller olyckshändelser. Några av det större slaget är t.ex. BP-skandalen där miljontals fat med olja läckte ut i mexikanska golfen, detta skylldes på en olyckshändelse. Andra exempel är Enron som gjorde ett rent bedrägeri i form av bokföringsbrott eller Stora Enso som sysslade med barnarbete i utvecklingsländer, vilket blossade upp som en skandal i form av bo...

  17. Arbetstidsförkortning : för ökad arbetstillfredsställelse och bättre relationer.

    OpenAIRE

    Hultberg, Jenny; Klarenius, Karna; Liljekvist, Per

    2004-01-01

    Bakgrund: Redan på 1700-talet diskuterade Owen att det inte var bra att ha barn som arbetade långa arbetspass i treskift. Detta synsätt införde han på sin fabrik, vilket han fick mycket kritik för. Först 1962 väcktes tanken på 6-timmars arbetsdag i Sverige. Sedan dess har flera försök genomförts bl.a. hos Helsingborgs stads äldreomsorg, äldreomsorgen i Höganäs kommun samt Toyota Center i Mölndal. Problem: Dagens företag är relativt fokuserade på traditionella mått som t.ex. lönsamhet och prod...

  18. Familjearbetaren hos en ensamförsörjare : en kvalitativ studie om ensamförsörjarens livssituation och hur familjearbetet påverkas

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöblom, Mikaela; Azimi, Diana

    2013-01-01

    Syftet med vårt lärdomsprov är att redogöra för familjearbetarnas åsikter om familjearbetet har specifika drag i utförandet av det hos familjer med en försörjare. I teoridelen tas det upp om familjepolitiken i Finland, familjearbete samt om hur en ensamförsörjares livssituation kan se ut. I undersökningen använde vi oss av kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer. Undersökningspersonerna bestod av åtta familjearbetare från fyra olika kommuner. Intervjuerna gjordes både i grupper och som individue...

  19.  Svensk företagsetablering i Dubai :   - en studie om företagens motiv och processer

    OpenAIRE

    Thaqi, Alban; Edvinsson, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Inledning Ett ökat intresse för globalisering har gjort att företag söker sig till nya marknader kontinuerligt, svenska företag utgör inget undantag. En mycket aktuell marknad för utlandsetablering är Dubai. Från att ha varit ett litet fisk- och pärlsamhälle är det idag ett globalt center för affärer som attraherar aktörer från hela världen. Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka varför samt hur svenska företag väljer att etablera sig i Dubai. Metod Studien bygger på en kvalitativ metod...

  20. Överensstämmelsen mellan ett företags önskade employer brand och den faktiska uppfattningen bland de anställda.

    OpenAIRE

    Leander, Kajsa; Johannesson, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Employer branding (som kan ses som ett företags arbetsgivarvarumärke) är ett begrepp som det under det senaste decenniet riktats mycket uppmärksamhet mot och i denna uppsats undersöks hur ett företags önskade interna employer brand överensstämmer med uppfattningen de anställda har om företaget i fråga. För att undersöka den interna uppfattningen har en kvantitativ undersökning genomförts i form av enkäter som sedan kompletterats med en kvalitativ undersökning bestående av intervjuer för att p...

  1. 1+1=3? : en studie om co-branding och dess påverkan på ett varumärkes värde

    OpenAIRE

    Lindberg, Ida; Andersson, Sandra

    2008-01-01

    Co-branding, vilket är en typ av varumärkessamarbete, har på senare tid blivit en populär strategi i strävan efter att skapa ett högre värde för konsumenten samt nå fördelar så som ökade intäkter samt möjligheten att skapa och attrahera lojala kunder. Dock finns det siffror som pekar på att många co-brandingsamarbeten misslyckas. Mot denna bakgrund har syftet med denna studie varit att, utifrån lojala kunders perspektiv, undersöka vilken påverkan ett varumärkessamarbete av typen co-branding k...

  2. Tack, men nej tack : En undersökning om Online Behavioral Advertising och dess förhållande till blockeringstjänster

    OpenAIRE

    Holgersson, Pontus; Haglund, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Online Behavioral Advertising betyder att man spårar användares beteende över Internet för att kunna skapa skräddarsydda annonser till användare baserat på deras internetaktiviteter. Det är kostnadseffektivt och ger möjlighet för företag att skapa relevanta annonser för internetanvändare. Online Behavioral Advertising möts ofta av motstånd eftersom att företag inkräktar på den personliga integriteten när man samlar in information om människor för att skapa annonser. Samtidigt har användandet ...

  3. Rotational Spectrum, Conformational Composition, and Quantum Chemical Calculations of Cyanomethyl Formate (HC(O)OCH2C≡N), a Compound of Potential Astrochemical Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samdal, Svein; Møllendal, Harald; Carles, Sophie

    2015-08-27

    The rotational spectrum of cyanomethyl formate (HC(O)OCH2C≡N) has been recorded in the 12–123 GHz spectral range. The spectra of two conformers were assigned. The rotamer denoted I has a symmetry plane and two out-of plane hydrogen atoms belonging to the cyanomethyl (CH2CN) moiety. In the conformer called II, the cyanomethyl group is rotated 80.3° out of this plane. Conformer I has an energy that is 1.4(6) kJ/mol lower than the energy of II according to relative intensity measurements. A large number of rotational transitions have been assigned for the ground and vibrationally excited states of the two conformers and accurate spectroscopic constants have been obtained. These constants should predict frequencies of transitions outside the investigated spectral range with a very high degree of precision. It is suggested that cyanomethyl formate is a potential interstellar compound. This suggestion is based on the fact that its congener methyl formate (HC(O)OCH3) exists across a large variety of interstellar environments and the fact that cyanides are very prevalent in the Universe. The experimental work has been augmented by high-level quantum chemical calculations. The CCSD/cc-pVQZ calculations are found to predict structures of the two forms that are very close to the Born–Oppenheimer equilibrium structures. MP2/cc-pVTZ predictions of several vibration–rotation interaction constants were generally found to be rather inaccurate. A gas-phase reaction between methyl formate and the cyanomethyl radical CH2CN to produce a hydrogen atom and cyanomethyl formate was mimicked using MP2/cc-pVTZ calculations. It was found that this reaction is not favored thermodynamically. It is also conjectured that the possible formation of cyanomethyl formate might be catalyzed and take place on interstellar particles.

  4. Omsättning, rörelseresultat och kapitalstruktur – Påverkas företags kapitalstruktur av förändringar i dess omsättning eller rörelseresultat?

    OpenAIRE

    Lisstorp, Mattias; Steinberger, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur omsättning och rörelseresultat har samband med företagets kapitalstruktur. Resultaten jämförs med befintlig teori för att verifiera de teoretiska ansatserna. Regressionsanalys av tidsserier för 32 svenska börsnoterade företag med mer än 20 miljarder svenska kronor i omsättning 2010 har använts vid den här undersökningen. Data från åren 2004 till 2010 till varje företag är tagen från databasen ”Affärsdata” och undersöks genom regressionsanalys. Först u...

  5. Förhållandet mellan den fria rörligheten inom EU och internationella dubbelbeskattningsavtal : En analys med utgångspunkt i EU-domstolens praxis

    OpenAIRE

    Österman, Catharina

    2013-01-01

    När en skattskyldig blir beskattad flera gånger för samma inkomst, i minst två länder och under samma tidsperiod, uppstår juridisk dubbelbeskattning. En vanlig metod för att i möjligaste mån undvika dubbelbeskattning är att stater ingår bilaterala dubbelbeskattningsavtal med varandra. I ett dubbelbeskattningsavtal avgör de avtalsslutande staterna vilken stat som, i en rad olika situationer, ska ha beskattningsrätt och vilken stat som till följd därav avstår från sin rätt till beskattning. Där...

  6. "Stendum, feg och impotent är Turkiets president" : En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av den tyska mediedebatten om Jan Böhmermann-affären utifrån olika argument för yttrandefrihet.

    OpenAIRE

    Lindström, Malin

    2017-01-01

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker argument för yttrandefrihet som framkommit i den så kallade Böhmermannaffären som inträffade våren 2016 i Tyskland, då den tyska satirikern Jan Böhmermann läste upp en niddikt om Turkiets president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Erdoğan kände sig kränkt och anmälde Böhmermann enligt ett tyskt lagrum. Undersökningen syftar till att utröna vilka typargument för yttrandefrihet som framkommit i debatten om Böhmermannaffären från olika aktörer och utifrån vilket intresse dessa ...

  7. Comparison calculation/experiment on the load case ``shutdown of TH high pressure pumps under consideration of fluid structure interaction``; Vergleich Rechnung/Messung zum Lastfall ``Abschaltung der TH-Hochdruckpumpen unter Beruecksichtigung der Fluid-Struktur-Wechselwirkung``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erath, W.; Nowotny, B.; Maetz, J. [KED, Rodenbach (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    Measurements of an experiment in a pipe system with pump shutdown and valve closing have been performed in the nuclear power plant KRB II. Comparative calculations of fluid and structure including interaction show an excellent agreement with the measured results. Theory and implementation of the fluid/structure interaction and the results of the comparison are described. It turns out that the consideration of the fluid/structure interaction is mostly a significant increase of the effective structural damping. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wurden Messungen am nuklearen Nachkuehlsystem des Kernkraftwerks Gundremmingen (KRB II) bei einem Versuche mit Pumpenabschalten und Ventilschliessen durchgefuehrt. Vergleichsrechnungen der Fluid-Strukturdynamik unter echter Beruecksichtigung der Wechselwirkung ergaben eine ausgezeichnete Uebereinstimmung der Rechnung mit den Messungen. Es werden Theorie und Implementierung der Koppelung der Fluid- und Struktur-Berechnungen sowie die Vergleiche von Messung und Rechnung beschrieben. Es ergibt sich, dass die Beruecksichtigung der Wechselwirkung notwendig ist zur genaueren Berechnung von `weichen` Rohrleitungsystemen. Eine wichtige Folge der Wechselwirkung ist meist eine deutliche Erhoehung der effektiven Strukturdaempfung. (orig.)

  8. Leca, bostad och landskap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne; Dahl, Torben; Sørensen, Peter

    1993-01-01

    I december 1992 var svensk LECA inviteret til en åben svensk konkurrence. Målet var at tegne en lille boligblok med 5-12 boliger. De skulle udformes inden for det eksisterende bygningsreglement. Publikationen viser vinderforslagene fra konkurrencen ...

  9. Det afghanska valet i svensk media : En diskursanalys av svensk medias rapportering om parlamentsvalet 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Arvidsson, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Den här uppsatsen analyserar svensk medias rapportering om valet i Afghanistan 2010. Med hjälp av metoder framtagna av Van Dijk har en analys av artiklar som berör valet 2010 gjorts. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna är postkolonialism och orientalism. Med hjälp av de perspektiven och Van Dijks medieanalys analyseras materialet för att tydliggöra strukturer i media.

  10. Methodology - evaluation of strategies -and the system for taking care of spent nuclear fuel; Metodval - utvaerdering av strategier och system foer att ta hand om anvaent kaernbraensle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-10-15

    This report deals with the question of how the Swedish spent nuclear fuel is to be disposed of. What are the requirements? What are the alternatives? In the main chapter of the report, an evaluation is made of the KBS-3 method compared with other strategies and systems for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. An appendix to the report presents in general terms how the KBS-3 method has developed from the end of the 1970s up to today. The report is one of a number of supporting documents for SKB's applications for construction and operation of the final repository for spent nuclear fuel. In parallel with and as a basis for the present report, SKB has prepared the reports 'Principer, strategier och system foer slutligt omhaendertagande av anvaent kaernbraensle' ('Principles, strategies and systems for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel') /Grundfelt 2010a/, 'Jaemfoerelse mellan KBS-3-metoden och deponering i djupa borrhaal foer slutlig foervaring av anvaent kaernbraensle' ('Comparison between the KBS-3 method and deposition in deep boreholes for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel') /Grundfelt 2010b/ and 'Utvecklingen av KBS-3-metoden. Genomgaang av forskningsprogram, saekerhetsanalyser, myndighetsgranskningar samt SKB:s internationella forskningssamarbete' ('Development of the KBS-3 method. Review of research programmes, safety assessments, regulatory reviews and SKB's international research cooperation') /SKB 2010a/. The reports are in Swedish, but contain summaries in English. The first report is an update of the comprehensive account of alternative methods presented by SKB in 2000. The second report presents a comparison between the KBS-3 method and the Deep Boreholes concept, plus a status report on research and development in the area of Deep Boreholes. The last report describes how the KBS-3 method has been developed from the end of the 1970s up to today. It further describes how the

  11. Insamling av geografisk information med UAV över området Stomsjö i Värnamo kommun : En effektiv arbetsmetod för kartering i 2D och 3D samt dokumentation av arbetsgång och kvalitetssäkring av geografisk information

    OpenAIRE

    Bauner, Mikael

    2017-01-01

    I detta examensarbetesprojekt genomfördes en flygkartering över deponiområdet Stomsjö i Värnamo kommun, mha. en drönare, eller den i detta sammanhang mer använda benämningen UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle). Värnamo kommuns tekniska avdelning var i behov av beräkning av massor vid deponin, ett område på ca 15 hektar samt modellering av densamma. Den låga kostnaden för inköp av UAV och programvara motiverade kommunen att driva egen verksamhet jämfört med att köpa tjänsterna från konsulter. Projek...

  12. PENGARUH UMUR POHON, BONITA DAN POSISI AKSIAL BATANG TERHADAP STRUKTUR MAKROSKOPIS DAN KUALITAS KAYU JATI SEBAGAI BAHAN FURNITUR (Effect of Tree Age, Site Quality Index and Trunk Axial Position on Macroscopic Structure and Quality of Teak Wood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustinus Suranto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penggunaan kayu jati muda merupakan solusi alternatif terhadap terbatasnya ketersediaan bahan baku yang dihadapi oleh industri mebel. Kayu muda cenderung memiliki kayu berkualitas rendah. Salah satu pengukur kualitas kayu adalah sifat struktur makroskopik. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh umur pohon, bonita dan posisi aksial batang terhadap struktur makroskopis kayu dan kualitas kayu. Tiga puluh enam pohon jati muda ditebang dari kawasan hutan KPH Kendal, Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Tiga cakram berketebalan 3 cm diambil dari masing-masing posisi aksial batang, yaitu bagian pangkal, tengah dan ujung. Pengukuran proporsi kayu teras dan dimensi lingkaran tahun dilakukan berdasarkan perbedaan warna alami dan dengan menggunakan lembaran plastik transparan bergambar pola milimeter. Data dianalisis dengan analisis varians dalam rancangan acak lengkap berblok yang disusun secara faktorial. Pengujian lanjutan dilakukan dengan uji HSD Duncan. Kualitas kayu ditentukan dengan analisis determinan berdasarkan kurva normal Z. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa interaksi tiga faktor tidak berpengaruh terhadap proporsi kayu teras, dan dimensi lingkaran tahun. Interaksi kelas umur dan bonita pengaruh nyata terhadap proporsi kayu teras dan dimensi lingkarah tahun. Posisi aksial batang berpengaruh secara nyata terhadap proporsi kayu teras dan berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap dimensi lingkaran tahun. Semakin mendekat pada posisi pangkal batang, semakin tinggi proporsi kayu teras dan dimensi lingkaran tahun. Interaksi tiga faktor yaitu kelas umur V, bonita 4 dan posisi tengah batang menghasilkan kualitas kayu tertinggi, yaitu kelas 2, dan interaksi kelas umur V, bonita 3 dan bagian ujung batang menghasilkan kualitas terendah, yaitu kelas 4. Penggunaan kayu berbasis kualitas akan memaksimalkan nilai guna dan meningkatkan umur pakai produk, sehingga mengurangi intensitas penebangan hutan dan lebih ramah lingkungan hidup. ABSTRACT Young teak utilization

  13. Omvårdnadsåtgärder för att minska rädsla, oro och ångest hos barn 0-18 år i samband med en röntgenundersökning : En litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Mohsen, Nadja; Imsirovic, Amela

    2016-01-01

    Bakgrund: Att besöka en röntgenavdelning kan vara något nytt och skrämmande för många barn. Den nya miljön kan orsaka rädsla, oro och ångest hos barn. Därför är det viktigt att röntgensjuksköterskan har kunskap om barnets behov för att upplevelsen på röntgenavdelningen ska vara så bra som möjligt. Syfte: Syftet med den här studien är att beskriva omvårdnadsåtgärder för att minska rädsla, oro och ångest hos barn 0-18 år i samband med röntgenundersökning. Metod: Detta arbete är en litteraturstu...

  14. Preparation of Ultra Low-κ Porous SiOCH Films from Ring-Type Siloxane with Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Side Chains by Spin-On Deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chun-Xiao, Yang; Chi, Zhang; Qing-Qing, Sun; Sai-Sheng, Xu; Li-Feng, Zhang; Yu, Shi; Shi-Jin, Ding; Wei, Zhang

    2010-01-01

    An ultra-low-dielectric-constant (ultra low-k, or ULK) porous SiOCH film is prepared using a single ring-type siloxane precursor of the 2,4,6,8-tetravinyl-2,4,6,8-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane by means of spin-on deposition, followed by crosslinking reactions between the precursor monomers under UV irradiation. The as-prepared film has an ultra low k of 2.41 at 1 MHz due to incorporation of pores and hydrocarbon crosslinkages, a leakage current density of 9.86 × 10 −7 A/cm 2 at 1 MV/cm, as well as a breakdown field strength of ∼1.5 MV/cm. Further, annealing at 300°C results in lower k (i.e., 1.94 at 1 MHz), smaller leakage current density (2.96 × 10 −7 A/cm 2 at 1 MV/cm) and higher breakdown field strength (about 3.5 MV/cm), which are likely caused by the short-ranged structural rearrangement and reduction of defects in the film. Finally, the mechanical properties and surface morphology of films are also evaluated after different temperature annealing. (condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties)

  15. Reactions of 11C recoil atoms in the systems H2O-NH3, H2O-CH4 and NH3-CH4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nebeling, B.

    1988-11-01

    In this study the chemical reactions of recoil carbon 11 in the binary gas mixtures H 2 O-NH 3 , H 2 O-CH 4 and NH 3 -CH 4 in different mixing ratios as well as in solid H 2 O and in a solid H 2 O-NH 3 mixture were analyzed in dependence of the dose. The analyses were to serve e.g. the simulation of chemical processes caused by solar wind, solar radiation and cosmic radiation in the coma and core of comets. They were to give further information about the role of the most important biogeneous element carbon, i.e. carbon, in the chemical evolution of the solar system. Besides the actual high energy processes resulting in the so-called primary products, also the radiation-chemical changes of the primary products were also observed in a wide range of dosing. The generation of the energetic 11 C atoms took place according to the target composition by the nuclear reactions 14 N(p,α) 11 C, 12 C( 3 He,α) 11 C or the 16 O(p,αpn) 11 C reaction. The identification of the products marked with 11 C was carried out by means of radio gas chromatography or radio liquid chromatography (HPLC). (orig./RB) [de

  16. Fattigdomens hjälplöshet – too hot to handle? Hur Astrid Lindgrens böcker om Madicken översatts i USA och Storbritannien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolowski-Bogomoloff, Angelika

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In children’s literature, power relations are fundamentally assymetrical. This is furthermore accentuated in the process of translation where translation norms, social and cultural norms as well as the power game of adult authorities play a major part.The Swedish author Astrid Lindgren’s ideology is based on the notion that no aspects of life should be hidden from the child, making her thematize as well as break taboos in her writing for children. There has been extensive research on Lindgren’s authorship per se, but research on translations of her books seems to be limited. The fact that discussions on taboo elements in children’s books in general, and Lindgren’s source texts and target texts in particular are sparse indicates that this is a vast – and interesting – field still to be explored.This paper focuses on the American and British translations of Lindgren’s Madicken (1960 and Madicken och Junibackens Pims (1976 in order to find out why and to what extent these books were censored in translation.

  17. Constraining the Molecular Complexity in the Interstellar Medium—The Formation of Ethyl Methyl Ether (CH3OCH2CH3) in Star-forming Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergantini, Alexandre; Frigge, Robert; Kaiser, Ralf I.

    2018-05-01

    We report the first confirmed synthesis of ethyl methyl ether (EME, CH3CH2OCH3) within astrophysical model ices containing water (H2O) and methane (CH4) exposed to ionizing radiation at ultra-low temperatures of 5 K. EME (also known as methoxyethane), was recently observed toward Orion KL and currently is the largest confirmed oxygen-bearing molecule found in the interstellar medium. Exploiting isomer-selective photoionization (PI) of the subliming molecules in the temperature-programmed desorption phase at 10.49, 9.92, and 9.70 eV, coupled with reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry and isotopic substitution experiments (H2 18O–CH4), the detection of fragment ions of EME at m/z = 45 (C2H5O+) and m/z = 59 (C3H7O+), and probing the proton transfer in subliming ethanol–EME complexes via m/z = 61 (C3H9O+), the present study reveals that EME can be formed from suprathermal reactions initiated by cosmic rays and secondary electrons generated within astrophysical ices. The detection of EME in our experiments represents a significant advance in the understanding of formation pathways of complex organic molecules present in hot cores and helps to constrain astrochemical models on the formation of such species within molecular clouds.

  18. Koolipärimuse kogumisest Noarootsis ja Vormsis 2006. aasta kevadel : Rootsi-Eesti lastenaljade kogumik Det var en ko och det var poängen / Piret Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voolaid, Piret, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Autor käsitleb artiklis Ahvenamaa Põhjamaade Instituudi (Nordens Institut på Åland) eestvedamisel korraldatud lastepärimuse projekti, mille käigus koguti koolipärimust Soomest Ahvenamaalt ja Rootsist Gotlandilt ning Eestist endistelt rannarootsi aladelt. Kogutu põhjal ilmus rootsikeelne antoloogiline naljakogumik Det var en ko och det var poängen. Artiklis keskendutakse välitööde kogumismetoodikale ja tulemustele Eestis. Välitööd toimusid Noarootsi Koolis ja Vormsi Põhikoolis

  19. Pulsmätning och stegräkning från Android Wear : Utveckling av en applikation för att spara mätdata

    OpenAIRE

    Lund, Fredrik

    2016-01-01

    Detta examensarbete beskriver utvecklingen av en applikation för att överföra data från en Android Wear smartklocka till en Android smarttelefon som sedan skickar datan vidare till en server. Servern sätter in datan i en MySQL-databas. Android Wear smartklockornas sensorer undersöks även. Smartklockorna har sensorer för stegräkning och pulsmätning. I examensarbetet beskrivs det hur sensorerna fungerar. Därtill genomgås Androids historia i korta drag samt basfunktionerna i Android operativsyst...

  20. Correlation between stress-induced leakage current and dielectric degradation in ultra-porous SiOCH low-k materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, C., E-mail: Chen.Wu@imec.be; De Wolf, I. [imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Department of Materials Engineering, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven (Belgium); Li, Y.; Leśniewska, A.; Varela Pedreira, O.; Marneffe, J.-F. de; Ciofi, I.; Verdonck, P.; Baklanov, M. R.; Bömmels, J.; Tőkei, Zs.; Croes, K. [imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2015-10-28

    Stress-Induced Leakage Current (SILC) behavior during the dielectric degradation of ultra-porous SiOCH low-k materials was investigated. Under high voltage stress, SILC increases to a critical value before final hard breakdown. This SILC increase rate is mainly driven by the injected charges and is negligibly influenced by temperature and voltage. SILC is found to be transient and shows a t{sup −1} relaxation behavior, where t is the storage time at low voltages. This t{sup −1} transient behavior, described by the tunneling front model, is caused by both electron charging of neutral defects in the dielectric close to the cathode interface and discharging of donor defects close to the anode interface. These defects have a uniform density distribution within the probed depth range, which is confirmed by the observed flat band voltage shift results collected during the low voltage storage. By applying an additional discharging step after the low voltage storage, the trap energies and spatial distributions are derived. In a highly degraded low-k dielectric, the majority of defects have a trap depth between 3.4 eV and 3.6 eV and a density level of 1 × 10{sup 18 }eV{sup −1 }cm{sup −3}. The relation between the defect density N and the total amount of the injected charges Q is measured to be sub-linear, N ∼ Q{sup 0.45±0.07}. The physical nature of these stress-induced defects is suggested to be caused by the degradation of the Si-O based skeleton in the low-k dielectric.

  1. BIM som Informationsbärare in i Förvaltningen : En studie vid Forsmarks Kraftgrupp

    OpenAIRE

    Svens, Therése

    2013-01-01

    BIM, Building Information Modeling, börjar vinna mark inom byggbranschen i Sverige och är en vedertagen process i vart och vartannat byggprojekt. Forsmarks Kraftgrupp står inför både upprustningar av sina anläggningar och nyproduktion av bland annat kontor, verkstad och hotell. BIM framstår nu som en lukrativ metod för att dra ner på projektkostnaderna, men även för att få ytterligare ordning och struktur på den enorma mängd dokumentation som ackumulerat under de dryga trettio åren av drift. ...

  2. BIOAKUMULASI MERKURI DAN STRUKTUR HEPATOPANKREAS PADA TEREBRALIA SULCATA DAN NERITA ARGUS (MOLUSKA: GASTROPODA DI KAWASAN BEKAS PENGGELONDONGAN EMAS, MUARA SUNGAI LAMPON, BANYUWANGI, JAWA TIMUR(Bioaccumulation of mercury and the hepatopancreas structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susintowati Susintowati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Amalgamasi pada proses penggelondongan emas tradisional di muara sungai Lampon menggunakan Merkuri (Hg. Limbah dibuang langsung ke muara dan lingkungan sekitar. Walaupun aktivitas penggelondongan emas telah dihentikan, efek cemar Merkuri terhadap lingkungan termasuk biota terus berlangsung. Bioakumulasi Merkuri dapat ditelusuri menggunakan bioindikator anggota Gastropoda. Penelusuran bioakumulasi Merkuri menggunakan spesimen Terebralia sulcata yang hidup di hutan mangrove sekitar lokasi penggelondongan, dan Nerita argus yang hidup di muara pantai. Analisis Merkuri berdasar metode SNI 06-6992.2-2004 menggunakan perangkat Mercury Analyzer. Hepatopankreas sebagai organ detoksifikasi Merkuri digunakan sebagai parameter patologis. Hepatopankreas masing-masing spesimen dipreparasi dengan metode parafin, diwarnai dengan Hematoksilin Ehrlich’s-Eosin untuk pengamatan struktur mikroskopis. Bioakumulasi Merkuri dalam tubuh T. sulcata hingga 3,10 ppm, sedangkan dalam tubuh N. argus hingga 3,03 ppm. Tampak banyak vesikula residu diduga berisi inklusi pemadatan elektron dan metalotionin sebagai dampak detoksifikasi ion logam Merkuri dalam hepatopankreas. Tubulus hepatopankreas N. argus mengalami disintegrasi dan atropi cukup parah. Walaupun tambang emas di Lampon berskala kecil dan telah ditutup, efek patologis pencemaran Merkuri terhadap biota terutama Gastropoda sangat signifikan.   ABSTRACT Traditional gold mining at Lampon Banyuwangi district was used mercury amalgamation. Tailings are discharged to waters, that caused mercury pollution. Mercury accumulation can be trace in sediments and benthic organisms such as Gastropods. Although the gold mining has been ceased, the impact of mercury pollution can be traced. The purposes of this study are to know the mercury accumulation in sediments, to know mercury bioaccumulation in the soft body of Gastropod bioindicators, to know mercury pathological effect in hepatopancreas. Terebralia sulcata and

  3. Struktur und Dynamik in der Netzwerkanalyse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trier, M.; Stegbauer, C.; Häußling, R.

    2010-01-01

    Die Methodik der sozialen Netzwerkanalyse (SNA) ist auf die quantitative Untersuchung von strukturellen Mustern in Graphen ausgerichtet. Die Analyse arbeitet gegenwärtig meist mit Daten aus einer einmaligen und kumulierten Erhebung der Netzwerkstruktur zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt. Diese

  4. Keterkaitan Rg-aljabar Dan Struktur Grup

    OpenAIRE

    Yudi, Irwan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper is discussed an algebraic structure which is called RG-algebra. The RG-algebra is a subclass of BCI-algebra and a sub subclass of K-algebra. Therefore, everyRG-algebra is a BCI-algebra, but conversly is not true. The RG-algebra andGroup Structure have a relation. Its relation is RG-algebra can be constructed by acommutativegroup and conversly commutativegroup can be constructed by a RG-algebra. The RG-algebra is a K-algebra with commutativegroupas generator group.

  5. Determinan Struktur Modal: Studi di Asia Tenggara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Ria Murhadi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate factors that determine the structure of capital in existing firms in the mining sector in ASEAN countries. This study also examines whether there are differences in capital structure determination on these companies. The sample size consists of 70 companies that exist in the mining sector with sample criteria used is the company publishes a complete financial report and is available in the database Osiris. The dependent variable in this study is debt, while the independent variables are profitability, firm size, asset tangibility, firm growth, and non-debt tax shield. This study applies a pooled least square approach. The results show that the factors determining the debt policy are the profitability, firm size, tangible assets and the growth rate, whereas non-debt tax shield has no significant effect. The study also finds that there is no real difference in practice between the use of debt in the six ASEAN countries.

  6. Perilaku Nonlinier Buckling pada Struktur Cangkang Bola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumirin Sumirin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a numerical study using the finite element method in geometrical nonlinear on camped shallow spherical shells under uniform pressure. The shell structure was modelled by finite axisymmetric thin shell elements and quadrilateral elements. The geometrical nonlininear problem was solved by a scheme of incremental iterative procedures applying Newton-Raphson method in combination with arch length methods. The results of finite element analysis compared with the experimental results of previous reseacher.

  7. Lakon Baratayuda Versi Klaten: Kajian Struktur Naratif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Budiarti

    2013-11-01

    Lakon Baratayuda versi Klaten: Study of Narative Structure. This paper is intended to find the flow of the action hero in the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. The theory of the structure of folk tales Vladimir Propp adapted and modified in this paper. Propp’s theory says that a folk tale has a structure formed of functions that move sequentially. With regard to the theory, the method of analysis used is the method of Propp’s structural models. To be able to find the flow of the  action hero first revealed what functions (action dramatic personae are present, then determine the sequence of functions (action dramatic personae, and further reveals the narrative structure of the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. There are several things that can be raised from the analysis of Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. The first, discovered fourteen function (action hero is tracked from the stream acts as a hero in the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. Second, the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version contains more than one main story movement. Keywords: Baratayuda, structural, Propp

  8. STRUKTUR KEPRIBADIAN MANUSIA PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGI DAN FILSAFAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhermanto Ja'far

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Personality term refer to a principal that unite biological and social aspects. Personality defined differently by each psychological perspective. Freud with his psychoanalysis defined personality by hierarchy that consists of id, ego, and super ego. Alfred Adler as individual psychology theorist considered personality as medium that arranged facts and transform it into a personal and unique personality formed by self creativity. Jung with his analytical psychology suggested that personality or psyche is a dynamic with continually movement. Each personalilty aspect is required to complete an optimal differentiation and development level to achieve a healthy and integrated personality. Behaviorism considered behavior as main factor in defining personality. The personality components that consistent is the behavior it self. Humanistic psychology views personality as a union between body and soul which construct a historical awareness on its existence that point on an authentic and individual behavioural pattern.

  9. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaki Imadudin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The  purpose  of  this  study  is  to  examine  the  impact  of  capital  structure  on corporate performance after crisis 2008. DAR and DER are used as independent variables and ROA and ROE are used as dependent variables. Two variables are used as control variables namely size and sales.  The population in this study is index LQ 45 which are listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2009-2012. Regression analysis were used to test the impact of capital structure on corporate performance. The result shows that DAR has impact positive but not signifi cant with ROA and negative but not signifi cant with ROE while DER has negative but not signifi cant with ROA dan positive but not signifi cant with ROE. Size has negative but not signifi cant with ROA and ROE and Sales has positive signifi cant with ROA and ROE.  Keywords :Capital Structure, corporate performance, size, sales.

  10. Pengaruh Struktur Organisasi Terhadapkomunikasi dalam Tim Audit

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad, Rifqi

    2009-01-01

    Some audit researchers suggest that high levels of audit team structure may encumber communication within audit teams by impeding information-gathering activities. Others suggest that structure benefits communication by coordinating controlling information flows. This study evaluated these arguments by examining the relationship between the structure of audit teams and selected communication variables (information overload, boundary spanning, satisfaction with supervision, and accuracy of inf...

  11. ”På Facebook slipper man vara närvarande” : En studie kring unga vuxnas syn på användande, identitetsskapande och kvarlämnade digitala identiteter på Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Michael, Carlsson; Lahdensuo, Jonna

    2009-01-01

    Bakgrund: Facebook är ett socialt onlinenätverk som under sina levnadsår har ökat explosionsartat i popularitet. På Facebook sköter många användare stora delar av sina sociala relationer och delar med sig mycket av sig själva. Det finns inget tidigare socialt nätverk i stil med Facebook som har haft samma genomslagskraft hos internetanvändarna. I användandet skapas en digital identitet som lämnar spår på Facebook, även om en användare är död. Kring dessa kvalämnade digitala identiteter vill v...

  12. "Det är inte mig det är fel på, det är huset" : en studie av prognosfaktorer och bemötande med fokus på sjuka hus-syndromet

    OpenAIRE

    Edvardsson, Berit

    2015-01-01

    Bakgrund: Sick Building Syndrome, SBS, är fortfarande 2015 ett tillstånd som vållar mycket diskussion. Symtomen kan grupperas i slemhinnesymtom, hudsymtom och allmänna symtom. I definitionen ingår att personen/ personerna som fått symtom har exponerats för dålig inomhusluft i en speciell byggnad. När personen inte är i byggnaden så förbättras eller försvinner symtomen. Många olika faktorer kan orsaka eller medverka till uppkomst eller försämringar av SBS-symtom, som t.ex. luftens innehåll av ...

  13. Optimization of lime addition in a dry air pollution control device; Optimerad rening av HCl och SO{sub 2} med minskade kalktillsatser vid torr roeasrening

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wikstroem-Blomqvist, Evalena; Samuelsson, Jessica; Ohlsson, Anna

    2006-12-15

    The focus of this project is to optimize the absorption of hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sulphuric acid (SO{sub 2}) in a dry air pollution control device system connected to a waste combustor. A significant amount of absorbent are generally added into the processes to achieve an efficient cleaning of the flue gas. Reduced absorbent consumption has double benefits on the operative expenses due to decreased purchase and landfilling costs. The objective was to study the affect of flue gas temperature and moisture, (relative humidity, RH), on the efficiency of HCl and SO{sub 2} absorption on hydrated lime. Additionally, the efficiency of a pre-treated hydrated lime with larger specific surface and pore volume was investigated. The measuring campaign was conducted on the 20 MW fluidized bed waste incinerator own by Boraas Energi och Miljoe AB in Sweden. Results from 26 experimental days with normal hydrated lime showed a positive correlation between the efficiency of the lime and RH in the flue gas. Four levels of RH between 3.28% to 4.84% were tested. The levels were adjusted by lowering the flue gas temperature and/or by adding water to the waste fuel. The smallest effect where achieved by solely adding water to the waste fuel. RH increased solely to 3.62% and the amount of lime consumption was reduced with only 5% compare to normal condition. By lowering the flue gas temperature 10 deg C to 143 deg C, RH increased to 4.06% and the amount of lime added was reduced with 13%. The largest impact was found when both the flue gas temperature and the moisture content were changed. At those process conditions RH reach 4.84 % and the usage of lime were reduced with 26%. Additional 12 experimental days were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of a pretreated hydrated lime with larger specific surface and pore volume. The results showed that the surface enlarged absorbent was almost twice as effective as the normal hydrated lime. Moreover, the results indicated an equal

  14. Tjock och vacker - kvinnlighet och kroppsstorlek bland nicaraguanska kvinnor

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Anna

    1996-01-01

    Fat and beautiful - femininity and body size among Nicaraguan women This article aims to illuminate and discuss body size as a central element in the social construction of a feminine body. It also emphases the variations in the social definitions and experiences of womens body size; historical and social as well as cultural ones. The dominant body ideal today in Western culture is the slender and fat free body. Women are to a higher extent then men subdued to the disciplinary practices of fa...

  15. Politisk liberalism och skolans religionsundervisning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joachim Rosenquist

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available POLITICAL LIBERALISM AND RELIGIOUS EDUCATION. Based on John Rawls’ latertheory of political liberalism, this article critically analyses what religiouseducation could mean in times of increasing societal pluralism and a world-wide revival of religion. Important elements of political liberalism – such asthe notions of reasonable persons and public reason – are elaborated onand related to religious individuals and perspectives. It is argued that polit-ical liberalism supports mandatory religious education, but of a certainkind. Schools have an obligation to provide students with knowledge aboutreligions, and to foster a spirit of tolerance and respect for the demands ofpublic reason. But they cannot legitimately give students the impression thatall religions are equally true or false. This makes for a problematic situation:how is it possible to teach students about religion without crossing the lineand teaching religious relativism? If it is not possible, then political liberalismseems to be more controversial than Rawls would admit.

  16. Findability och informationskompetens vid webbnavigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fransson, Jonas

    2011-01-01

    needed. But the information is not equally available, even if it is published and freely available on the Web. Each Web page, or other information object, has a degree of findability. The degree of the findability depends on the relationships between object, system and the Web. Six sub concepts......The article discusses the relationship between users, information objects, information systems and the Web, combined with the concepts findability and information literacy. An important aspect in all information literacy definitions is the ability to effectively gain access to the information...... are identified: the object's characteristics, accessibility, internal navigation, internal search, reachability and web prestige. Both information literacy and findability are defined as query independent aspects of the search, working on a structural level....

  17. STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, PROFITABILITAS, PERTUMBUHAN AKTIVA DAN UKURAN PERUSAHAAN TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartini Kartini

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to test influence of the Ownership Structure, Profitability, Assetgrowth, and Size measure of firm to Capital Structure. This Research was limited onlymanufacturing company which had gone public in Jakarta Stock Exchange. This research wasconducted by taking secondary data. Population in this research was manufacturing companyobtained from share which was listed and “go public” in Jakarta Stock Exchange period 2002-2005. The intake technique was random sampling, and the obtained data was 38 companies.Result of analysis or T test in this research indicated that the ownership structure, asset growth,and size of company were significant or accepted. Only unprovable profitability was refused.While result F test showed that independent variable had an effect on the significance toCapital Structure of company in significance level 5%, and variable of size of company insignificance level 10%.

  18. Oral nano-delivery of anticancer ginsenoside 25-OCH3-PPD, a natural inhibitor of the MDM2 oncogene: Nanoparticle preparation, characterization, in vitro and in vivo anti-prostate cancer activity, and mechanisms of action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voruganti, Sukesh; Qin, Jiang-Jiang; Sarkar, Sushanta; Nag, Subhasree; Walbi, Ismail A; Wang, Shu; Zhao, Yuqing; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Ruiwen

    2015-08-28

    The Mouse Double Minute 2 (MDM2) oncogene plays a critical role in cancer development and progression through p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms. Both natural and synthetic MDM2 inhibitors have been shown anticancer activity against several human cancers. We have recently identified a novel ginsenoside, 25-OCH3-PPD (GS25), one of the most active anticancer ginsenosides discovered thus far, and have demonstrated its MDM2 inhibition and anticancer activity in various human cancer models, including prostate cancer. However, the oral bioavailability of GS25 is limited, which hampers its further development as an oral anticancer agent. The present study was designed to develop a novel nanoparticle formulation for oral delivery of GS25. After GS25 was successfully encapsulated into PEG-PLGA nanoparticles (GS25NP) and its physicochemical properties were characterized, the efficiency of MDM2 targeting, anticancer efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety were evaluated in in vitro and in vivo models of human prostate cancer. Our results indicated that, compared with the unencapsulated GS25, GS25NP demonstrated better MDM2 inhibition, improved oral bioavailability and enhanced in vitro and in vivo activities. In conclusion, the validated nano-formulation for GS25 oral delivery improves its molecular targeting, oral bioavailability and anticancer efficacy, providing a basis for further development of GS25 as a novel agent for cancer therapy and prevention.

  19. The Role of Anisotropic Exchange in Single Molecule Magnets: A CASSCF/NEVPT2 Study of the Fe4 SMM Building Block [Fe2(OCH32(dbm4] Dimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Lunghi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The rationalisation of single molecule magnets’ (SMMs magnetic properties by quantum mechanical approaches represents a major task in the field of the Molecular Magnetism. The fundamental interpretative key of molecular magnetism is the phenomenological Spin Hamiltonian and the understanding of the role of its different terms by electronic structure calculations is expected to steer the rational design of new and more performing SMMs. This paper deals with the ab initio calculation of isotropic and anisotropic exchange contributions in the Fe(III dimer [Fe 2 (OCH 3 2 (dbm 4 ]. This system represents the building block of one of the most studied Single Molecule Magnets ([Fe 4 RC(CH 2 O 3 2 (dpm 6 ] where R can be an aliphatic chain or a phenyl group just to name the most common functionalization groups and its relatively reduced size allows the use of a high computational level of theory. Calculations were performed using CASSCF and NEVPT2 approaches on the X-ray geometry as assessment of the computational protocol, which has then be used to evinced the importance of the outer coordination shell nature through organic ligand modelization. Magneto-structural correlations as function of internal degrees of freedom for isotropic and anisotropic exchange contributions are also presented, outlining, for the first time, the extremely rapidly changing nature of the anisotropic exchange coupling.

  20. Är vi där än? - BIM inom produktion och försäljning : En fallstudie om hur BIM kan utveckla byggföretaget

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Christoffer; Hansson, Mikaela

    2013-01-01

    Titania köpte hösten 2010 in programvaran Revit för att skapa möjligheten att kunna BIM-projektera sina ROT-projekt. En övergång från 2D-projektering har ännu inte skett då den allmänna synen inom företaget är att projekten innehåller för många komplexa delar i utförandet och därför bör lösas på plats. Idag säljer Titania sina råvindslägenheter när dessa står färdiga men de har som mål att tidigarelägga försäljningen av sina projekt, om detta ska kunna ske måste företaget ha mer material att ...

  1. Opto-electronic properties and light-emitting device application of widegap layered oxychalcogenides: LaCuOCh (Ch=chalcogen) and La2CdO2Se2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hiramatsu, Hidenori; Hirano, Masahiro; Kamioka, Hayato; Ueda, Kazushige; Ohta, Hiromichi; Kamiya, Toshio; Hosono, Hideo

    2006-01-01

    Electronic and optical properties of widegap oxychalcogenides, LaCuOCh (Ch chalcogen) and La 2 CdO 2 Se 2 , are reviewed with a focus on those relevant to their layered crystal structures, including high hole mobility, degenerate p-type conduction, room temperature exciton, and large third order optical nonlinearity. In particular, the widegap p-type metallic conduction was realized in Mg-doped LaCuOSe: the first demonstration among any class of widegap materials including GaN:Mg. Furthermore, we demonstrate the room temperature operation of a blue light-emitting diode using a pn hetero-junction composed of a LaCuOSe epilayer and an n-type amorphous InGaZn 5 O 8 . Those results strongly suggest that a series of the layered oxychalcogenides are applicable to the light-emitting layers in opto-electronic devices that operate in the ultraviolet-blue region as well as to transparent p-type conductors. (copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (Abstract Copyright [2006], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  2. Characterization of structure and coagulation behaviour of refractory organic substances (ROS) using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and x-ray microscopy; Charakterisierung von Struktur und Koagulationsverhalten von Refraktaeren Organischen Saeuren (ROS) mit Hilfe von Neutronenkleinwinkelstreuung (SANS), Roentgenkleinwinkelstreuung (SAXS) und Roentgenmikroskopie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pranzas, P.K. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstofforschung

    1999-07-01

    In this work structure, coagulation and complexation behaviour of aquatic refractory organic substances (ROS) (humic and fulvic acids) were characterized. For this purpose a structural analytical system with the methods small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and X-ray microscopy with synchrotron radiation was developed and established. Size distributions of ROS of different origin were calculated from the scattering curves. Spherical ROS units were obtained, which coagulated by forming chainlike structures or disordered ROS agglomerates at higher concentrations. Additionally the average molecular weights of several ROS were calculated. Studies of the coagulation behaviour of ROS towards copper ions resulted in larger ROS-agglomerates besides the spherical ROS units. A linear relation between the addition of Cu{sup 2+} and the formation of the ROS-Cu{sup 2+}-agglomerates was found. With X-ray microscopy an extensive ROS-Cu{sup 2}-network structure could be registrated. For mercury and cadmium ions such coagulation interactions were not found. Investigations with X-ray microscopy of the coagulation behaviour of ROS towards the cationic surfactant DTB resulted in micel-like structures of equal size, which were spread throughout the solution. With increasing concentrations of DTB larger agglomerates up to network structures were obtained. (orig.) [German] In dieser Arbeit wurden Struktur, Koagulations- und Komplexierungsverhalten von aquatischen refraktaeren organischen Saeuren (ROS) (Humin- und Fulvinsaeuren) charakterisiert. Zu diesem Zweck wurde ein strukturanalytisches Gesamtsystem mit den Methoden Neutronenkleinwinkelstreuung (SANS), Roentgenkleinwinkelstreuung (SAXS) und Roentgenmikroskopie mit Synchrotronstrahlung entwickelt und etabliert. Fuer ROS unterschiedlicher Herkunft in Loesung wurden Groessenverteilungen aus den Streukurven berechnet. Es wurden kugelfoermige ROS-Einheiten gefunden, die bei hoeheren ROS

  3. Bottom ash from fluidising bed boilers as filler material in district heating pipe culverts. Chemical and geotechnical characterisation; Pannsand som kringfyllnadsmaterial foer fjaerrvaermeroergravar. Kemisk och geoteknisk karaktaerisering av fluidbaeddsand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pettersson, Roger; Rogbeck, Jan; Suer, Pascal

    2004-01-01

    Bottom ashes from fluid bed boilers have been characterised, both geotechnically and chemically, in order to investigate the possibility to use them as filler material in district heating pipe culverts. Bottom ashes from both biofuel boilers and waste boilers are represented in this project. The companies which ashes have been characterised are Sundsvall Energi AB, Sydkraft OestVaerme AB, Sydkraft MaelarVaerme AB, Eskilstuna Miljoe och Energi, Stora Enso Fors, Soederenergi and Fortum Vaerme. A total of ten ashes have been analysed where three ashes originates from Sundsvall Energi AB, two from Sydkraft OestVaerme AB and one from the each of the remaining companies. The chemical analyses have been performed both on fresh ashes and on ashes aged for three months. The geotechnical analyses performed are grain size distribution, packing abilities and permeability. Chemical analyses performed are total content, available content, leaching tests (leaching both by shaking method and column procedure) and organic analyses (PAH, EOX, TOC, dioxin and fenol). The geotechnical analyses show that the ashes fulfils the demands that are put on the filler material used in district heating pipe culverts. When using the ashes in applications, light compaction should be performed due to the risk of crushing the material which may cause an increased amount of fine material. The leachability of fine material is larger than for coarse material. The ashes are relatively insensitive to precipitation. Bio fuel based bottom ashes have a lower content of environmental affecting substances than waste fuel based ashes. This is also shown in the leaching analyses. The leaching water from fresh ashes contains a higher concentration of leachable components than aged ashes. When aged the pH in the ashes decreases due to carbon uptake and hydration and this makes metals as Pb, Cu, Cr and Zn less mobile. On the other hand, an increase in leachability of Sb, Mo and SO{sub 4} is shown when the ashes

  4. Synthesis and X-ray structure of the dysprosium(III complex derived from the ligand 5-chloro-1,3-diformyl-2-hydroxybenzene-bis-(2-hydroxybenzoylhydrazone [Dy2(C22H16ClN4O53](SCN 3.(H2O.(CH3OH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliou H. Barry

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The title compound [Dy2(C22H16ClN4O53](SCN 3.(H2O.(CH3OH has been synthesized and its crystal structure determined by single X-ray diffraction at room temperature. The two nine coordinated Dy(III are bound to three macromolecules ligand through the phenolic oxygens of the p-chlorophenol moieties, the nitrogen atoms and the carbonyl functions of the hydrazonic moieties. The phenolic oxygen atoms of the 2-hydroxybenzoyl groups are not bonded to the metal ions. In the bases of the coordination polyhedra the six Dy-N bonds are in the range 2.563(13-2.656(13 Å and the twelve Dy-O bonds are in the range 2.281(10-2.406(10 Å.

  5. Tuning the composition of metastable CoxNiyMg100−xy(OH)(OCH3) nanoplates for optimizing robust methane dry reforming catalyst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fan, Xiaoli; Liu, Zhiting; Zhu, Yi-An

    2015-01-01

    of the metastable precursor CoxNiyMg100−x−y(OH)(OCH3) derived from solvothermal synthesis. The catalyst composition and reaction conditions have been modulated to achieve maximum coke resistance and catalyst stability. Long-term stability for 1000 h time on stream at 800°C has been achieved for the optimized Co0.......075Ni7.425Mg92.5O catalyst. The role of Co in the catalyst has been disclosed through kinetic measurements and detailed characterization of the spent catalysts. Co is enriched on the Co–Ni alloy surface under reforming conditions and accelerates the gasification of coke intermediates. Co also enhances...

  6. Utveckling av riktningsanalys exergiberäkningar i Luleå och Strängnäs kommuner eller Hur kan man veta om man hushållar med resurserna på ett hållbart sätt?

    OpenAIRE

    Delin, Staffan; Gundelius, Eva

    1998-01-01

    Bakgrunden till projektet är den riktningsanalys som utvecklades av Eva Grundelius år 1991. Riktningsanalysen som är uppbyggd kring sex frågor fungerar som en checklista för hållbar utveckling. Den kan användas i många slag av beslutssituationer. För att göra riktningsanalysen mer operativ och kvantifierbar har den i detta projekt kopplats samman med en exergianalys. Exergi är ett fysiskt mått på resursers värde. Denna analys görs med utgångspunkt från det livsuppehållande systemet, ekosystem...

  7. Lärplatta som verktyg för elever i behov av särskilt stöd! : En specialpedagogisk studie om hur elever i åk 4-7 använder lärplatta i klassrummet och hur uppföljning av användningen sker

    OpenAIRE

    Lindgren, Ditte; Nordström, Ulrika

    2017-01-01

    Studiens syfte var att få kunskap om hur lärplatta används som verktyg för elever i behov av särskilt stöd i åk 4-7, samt om lärplattan används utifrån specialpedagogens syfte för den enskilda eleven med den. Använda datainsamlingsmetoder är kvalitativa intervjuer med specialpedagoger, lärare och elever, samt elevobservationer. De frågeställningar som studien sökt svar på är: i vilket syfte valdes lärplatta som verktyg av specialpedagog för elever i behov av särskilt stöd, hur använder elever...

  8. "Mu vend mu õde ja mina põgeneme Valguskoonused kalduvad ..." = "Min bror min syster och jag flyr Ljuskäglor välter över vägkanten ..." : [luuletused] / Catharina Gripenberg ; tlk. Juta-Tiia Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gripenberg, Catharina

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Mu vend mu õde ja mina põgeneme Valguskoonused kalduvad ..." = "Min bror min syster och jag flyr Ljuskäglor välter över vägkanten ..."; "Tean, et kajad vastavad, aga väga lühidalt. Valad sa välja oma ..." = "Vet att ekon svarar, men i all korthet. Gjuter du ut ditt hjärta ..."; "Kirjasõber, ma otsin välja jääkraabitsa ..." = "Brevvän, jag lagrar upp med fönsterskapare ..."; "Säravselge hommik. Linnupojad trügivad välja kolbast ..." = "Det var en glasklar morgon. Fågelungarna knuffas från skallen ..."; Armastuskiri = Kärleksbrev

  9. Sweden's Future Climate in the short- and medium-term perspective. Basis for development of climate adaptation tools; Sveriges framtida klimat paa kort och medellaang sikt. Underlag foer utveckling av verktyg foer klimatanpassning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsen, Henrik; Parmhed, Oskar

    2008-12-15

    This report studies two questions - how the actual amount of greenhouse gas emissions has changed over time in comparison with previous assumptions and what will happen to Sweden's climate from short and medium term perspectives given the future development of the climate in general. The content of this report shall be used as the basis for continued work in the development of climate adaptation tools that can be used primarily in Sweden. The first section of this report presents the development of actual greenhouse gas emissions in recent years. Eight years have passed since IPCC published its emissions scenarios (SRES) and for this reason a comparison between the emissions levels from the report and the experimental data from observations made in recent years is well due. Measurements show that current levels of emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels exceed the average of the SRES families as a whole. Among other implications, this means that emission levels are significantly higher than the levels assumed in the climate scenarios of the Swedish Commission on Climate and Vulnerability (Klimat- och saarbarhetsutredningen). There is little support from the experimental data to indicate that this rate of increase will subside. In addition, studies are indicating that the increased emissions are not solely attributable to a rise in population levels and increased wealth (GNP/capita). Another aspect is that the carbon intensity, measured as the amount of carbon dioxide per unit production price, has been declining since 2000. This is entirely contrary to the assumptions made in all of the emissions scenarios in SRES that carbon dioxide efficiency would continue to increase. The report therefore concludes that work with climate adaptation in Sweden must take into consideration to a greater extent than is currently done today the consequences of emissions levels that are in line with or exceed the highest SRES levels. The second section of this report takes

  10. Struktur und Entwicklung des Immunsystems der Hühnerlunge

    OpenAIRE

    Zengerling, Grammatia

    2006-01-01

    Comparatively little is known about the structure and development of the lung associated immune system in the chicken, despite its important role in the defence numerous infectious diseases. In this study lung samples were obtained from line M11 leghorn chickens on days 1, 3 and 7 after hatch and of 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 13 weeks old birds for immunohistological, scanning as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Monclonal antibodies reactive with T-cells (CD3, CD4, CD8), B cells (BU-1),...

  11. KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN, KEMISKINAN STRUKTURAL DAN PERLAWANAN MASYARAKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deddy Winarwan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The government's implementation of various forest management policies often fails to protect forest and reduce the number of poor communities around it. This study aims to discover disctimination in forest management oplicies issued and implementation by the State, the erultant structural proverty, and social resistance from by communities within and around forest conservation areas. this study was a qualitative one using a descriptive analytical approach conducted at the State level, Husserl's phenomenology at an individual level and Berger at collective level. The location of the result of the study indicate that the logging done by the local community was due to their displeasure with the goverment's policies, considered discriminatory in their application to the timber company and community. Implementation of deliberative policy to resolve conflicts between the government and Atar Lebar community int the TNBBS forest conservation area is necessary for the resolution of the socio-structural problems in Atar Lebar

  12. STRUKTUR PASAR PERSAINGAN PERBANKAN INDONESIA DALAM PERIODE KONSOLIDASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutardjo Sutardjo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate evidence of market structure and to analyze market structure variables that influence bank revenue in the Indonesian banking market during the consolidation era. The Hirschman-Herfindahl (HHI and Concentration Ratio Four (CR4 indices indicated decreasing trend and low level of market concentration. The test of market competition by using Panzar-Rosse approach at industry level indicating a monopolistic competition behaviors among banks. In addition,the market for interest-based income is found to be more competitive than that of for fee-based income. The study also suggest that during the consolidation period, input price of banks product seems higher. In addition, the study conclude that there is no indication of changes of the Indonesian banking market structure in the period of 1999-2009. The result of partial analysis also indicate a monopolistic competition behaviors among banks according to their ownership status. Accordingly, the market for non interest based income is found to be more competitive than that of interest based income for the Joint Venture Bank (Bank Campuran and the Foreign Bank (Bank Asing.Keywords : Market Structure, HHI, CR4, Panzar and Rosse

  13. ANALISIS PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Komara

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractAt this time, business growth requires proper company’s financial strategy, especially by managing the capitalstructure to meet funding need of business operations. This research describes the impact of capital structure onfinancial performance of finance company listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the years 2009-2013. The dependent variable in this study is financial performance composed of return on assets ratio (ROA,return on equity ratio (ROE and price-to-earnings ratio (PER.While the independent variable in the form ofcapital structure is the ratio of debt to total assets (DAR and the ratio of debt to total equity (DER. The resultof panel data regression analysis showed that the capital structure has negative significant effect on financialperformance of ROA and ROE, but has positive significant effect on PER. Based on these results, the financecompanies should apply the precautionary principle in managing capital resources coming from debt financing,because the increased component of excessive debt in the capital structure of the company could lead to anincrease in the financial burden that affects the reduction in company’s profit.

  14. Der Herrscherhof im Mittelalter. Struktur, Raum und Represantation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvořáčková-Malá, Dana

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 14, - (2010), s. 59-90 ISSN 1210-8499 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB800150802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : Social System * the Middle Ages * ruling Court Subject RIV: AB - History

  15. Struktur und Reaktionsmechanismus der Pyrrolysinsynthase (PylD)

    KAUST Repository

    Quitterer, Felix; Beck, Philipp; Bacher, Adelbert; Groll, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The final step in the biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid, pyrrolysine, is catalyzed by PylD, a structurally and mechanistically unique dehydrogenase. This catalyzed reaction includes an induced-fit mechanism achieved by major structural rearrangements of the N-terminal helix upon substrate binding. Different steps of the reaction trajectory are visualized by complex structures of PylD with substrate and product.

  16. Keanekaragaman dan struktur komunitas semut pada perkebunan lada di Lampung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudiyanto Yudiyanto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of ants in agricultural habitat is related to the availability of food resources as well as environmental condition for its nesting site. As predator, ants play an important role on controlling pest population in agricultural habitat. The objective of this research was to study the diversity of ants in pepper plantation. The research outcome can be used as basic information for cultivation management of pepper. Ecological observation was conducted in four regencies in Lampung Province with two selected plots on each regency. On each plot, ants were sampled using pitfall traps. In total, 28 ant species were recorded from pepper field in four regencies. Two species i.e. Anoplolepis gracilipes and Solenopsis geminataare well-known as tramp and invasive species. There is significantly different of ant species composition among regencies. The occurrence of ants in pepper plantationis probably affected by habitat condition surrounding pepper plantation and precipitation.

  17. Struktur und Reaktionsmechanismus der Pyrrolysinsynthase (PylD)

    KAUST Repository

    Quitterer, Felix

    2013-05-29

    The final step in the biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid, pyrrolysine, is catalyzed by PylD, a structurally and mechanistically unique dehydrogenase. This catalyzed reaction includes an induced-fit mechanism achieved by major structural rearrangements of the N-terminal helix upon substrate binding. Different steps of the reaction trajectory are visualized by complex structures of PylD with substrate and product.

  18. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU TEKS GEOGRAFI DENGAN STRUKTUR PENULISAN ENSIKLOPEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iskandar Iskandar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Efficacy of study as a whole very depend on efficacy of teacher design study items. Difficulty of teacher for the mengkolaborasikan of study scientificly, obliging teacher to manage Iesson items which in it have to there are scientific element (perceiving, enquiring, eksploration, association, and communicate, see clarification at textbook of Geografi limited will very application difficult to to five the element in one Iesson items. Creativity learn very needed to develop the mareri. at, textbook of Geografi used by is student and teacher in school not yet included the overall of problems and phenomenon which can be analysed by student. Clarification at textbook still limited and still relate at cognate aspect of just student. Besides, clarification at textbook not yet can to instruct student learn scientificly. Overcoming the problems, require to the existence of development of textbook matching with requirement of student. Pursuant to assessment of student to enquette the alloted, amount of answer score the got to amount to 551, hence assessment of student to usage of textbook is (551:600 x 100 = 92% from which is expected (100%. obtained data of student at forming items and exploiting of land; ground is 92% with category very good. Comment and suggestion written by student made by consideration to complete textbook. Inferential that textbook needn't again there is reviseing related to overall of component in textbook. Keberhasilan pembelajaran secara keseluruhan sangat tergantung pada keberhasilan guru merancang materi pembelajaran. Kesulitan guru untuk mengkolaborasikan pembelajaran secara saintifik, mengharuskan guru untuk mengelola materi pelajaran yang di dalamnya harus terdapat unsur saintifik (mengamati, menanya, mengeksplorasi, mengasosiasi, dan mengomunikasikan. Melihat penjelasan pada buku teks Geografi yang terbatas akan sangat sulit untuk mengaplikasikan ke lima unsur tersebut dalam satu materi pelajaran. Kreativitas guru sangat diperlukan untuk mengembangkan mareri tersebut. Buku teks Geografi yang digunakan guru dan siswa di sekolah belum mencakup keseluruhan fenomena dan permasalahan yang bisa dianalisis siswa. Penjelasan pada buku teks masih terbatas dan masih mengacu pada aspek kognitif siswa saja. Selain itu, penjelasan pada buku teks belum mampu untuk mengarahkan siswa belajar secara saintifik. Mengatasi permasalahan tersebut, perlu adanya pengembangan buku teks yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan siswa. Berdasarkan penilaian siswa terhadap angket yang dibagikan, jumlah skor jawaban yang didapat berjumlah 551, maka penilaian siswa terhadap penggunaan buku teks adalah (551:600 x 100% = 92% dari yang diharapkan (100%. Data yang diperoleh dari siswa pada materi pembentukan dan pemanfaatan tanah adalah 92% dengan kategori sangat baik. Komentar dan saran tertulis oleh siswa dijadikan bahan pertimbangan untuk menyempurnakan buku teks. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa buku teks tidak perlu lagi ada revisi terkait dengan keseluruhan komponen dalam buku teks.

  19. Pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility, Struktur Corporate Governance dan Nilai Perusahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salmah Pattisahusiwa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of the corporate social responsibility has a significant interest in Indonesia because believed to increase corporate’s value for shareholders. This study aims to find the effect of corporate social responsibility disclosure and corporate governance structure on corporate value. The data were taken from annual report of mining companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange for period of 2014-2015. The sample collection has been done by using purposive sampling with the certain criteria so that 18 companies which meet criteria have been obtained as samples. Multiple Regression analysis was employed to analyze data. The result of this research show that corporate social responsibility disclosure and corporate governance structure have significant effect to thecorporate value.

  20. Informationsdesign von Bildungsportalen : Struktur und Aufbau netzbasierter Bildungsressourcen

    OpenAIRE

    Panke, Stefanie

    2009-01-01

    Sowohl Unternehmen als auch Bildungseinrichtungen, Verlage, politische Organisationen, Verbände, Interessengruppen und Privatpersonen nutzen das Internet, um Informationen zu verbreiten. Die Varianz an Akteuren, Adressaten und Botschaften spiegelt sich wider in einem wachsenden Spektrum an Web-Genres: Suchmaschine, E-Commerce-Auftritt und Online-Zeitung teilen sich die Aufmerksamkeit der Leser unter anderem mit privaten Weblogs und kollaborativen Wissenssammlungen wie der Enzyklopädie Wikiped...

  1. Transformasi Loro Blonyo – Rumah Joglo dalam Analisis Struktural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Subiyantoro

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows that the form and structure of a traditional Javanese house joglo is a transformation from loro blonyo sculptures representing a pair of human figures. This pair of statues and also the traditional Javanese house are basically a manifestation of the Javanese way of life that emphasizes harmony and unity of values between two different worlds such as men and women, physical and spiritual, and macrocosm and microcosm.

  2. PENATAAN LEMBAGA NEGARA MANDIRI DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN INDONESIA

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    Retno Mawarini Sukmariningsih

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This purpose of this article is to harmonize and to synchronize regulations of independent state agencies in order to avoid from the overlapping within those agencies so that they persistently can exercise their function, and further to analyze them normatively as ad-hoc commissions under the effective regulations or otherwise. The rearrangement is purported to reconstruct the regulations of independent state agencies and it must begin from the constitution so that we internally can simplify to supervise and to minimize abuse of power carried on by the independent state agencies in order to answer people’s serious challenge. Tulisan ini mempunyai tujuan agar ada harmonisasi regulasi lembaga negara mandiri supaya sesama lembaga negara mandiri tidak overlappingdalam menjalankan fungsinya dan lebih jauh lagi untuk mengkaji secara normatif lembaga negara mandiri seperti komisi-komisi yang dibentuk secara ad-hocdalam peraturan perundang-undangan jauh lebih efektif atau justru sebaliknya. Penataan regulasi ini bermaksud untuk penataan regulasi kelembagaan negara khususnya lembaga negara mandiri yang diawali dari konstitusi, sehingga akan memudahkan pengawasan secara internal dan meminimalisir penyalahgunaan kekuasaan lembaga negara mandiri yang pembentukannya mestinya untuk menjawab tantangan kebutuhan masyarakat.

  3. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STRUKTUR MODAL

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    Putria Yusintha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to find out the determinants of capital structure on manufacturing companies in Indonesia. The initial samples used in this research are 48 firm listed in Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI during the period 2004-2008. There are 5 variables, choosed as the measurements of capital structure, those are: Tangibility of Assets, Profitability, Firm Size, Growth Sales, and Growth Firm. This research uses multiple linear regressions as the analysis method. The statistic test find out that the independent variables, which are Profitability, Firm Size, and Growth Sales have an influence on capital structure. However, Tangibility of Assets and Growth Firm has no influence on capital structure. Another result from this research is Tangibility of Assets, Profitability, Firm Size, Growth Sales, and Growth Firm have an influence on capital structure simultaneously.

  4. INTERMEDIASI, STRUKTUR MODAL, EFISIENSI, PERMODALAN DAN RISIKO TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS BANK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djamil thalib

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aimed to analyze the causality between intermediation as measured by the LDR, capitalstructure measured by DER, efficiency as measured by ROA, capital measured by CAR and NPL to quantifythe risk to profitability. This study took a sample of 25 banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange period2008 to 2013, with a purposive sampling method. The data analysis technique multiple linear regressionmodel. The results showed that the LDR, DER, CAR positive effect on profitability. While ROA and NPLinfluenced by the negative direction towards profitability.

  5. HUBUNGAN STRUKTUR MODAL DAN KEPUTUSAN INVESTASI PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR

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    Risa Rolita

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The background of this study was begun with the manufacturing company needs capital to continually improvetheir performance and investors needs to look at the capital structure to determine their decision to invest. Thepurpose of this research was to know the relation between capital structure and investment decisions in ManufacturingCompany listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during six years (2008-2013. This study was a causalresearch. Sampling technique used purposive sampling method. Adjusted R2 test was used to measure the modelcapability in explaining the variation of dependent variable. T-test was used to test the partial regression coefficientwith a significance level of 5%. Capital structure was represented by Debt to Asset Ratio (DAR, Debt toEquity Ratio (DER, Long term Debt to Asset Ratio (LDAR, Long term Debt to Equity Ratio (LDER, Equity toAsset Ratio (EAR. Investment decision was represented by changes of Fixed Asset Ratio (“AT Ratio. The resultof this research was DAR and DER gave significant effect on investment decisions.

  6. 96 Über die Morphosyntaktische Struktur von Nominalkomposita im ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die Yorùbá-Sprache, die von mehr als 25 Millionen Menschen allein in Nigeria gesprochen wird (vgl. Weisser 2008:1), ist die. Sprache der Yorùbá. Sie wird neben anderen Sprachen hauptsächlich in Südwest-Nigeria und z.T. in Benin, Togo,. Brasilien und Kuba gesprochen. Sie ist eine isolierende. Tonsprache, die zum ...

  7. INTERPRETASI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN GUNUNG MURIA MENGGUNAKAN ANALISA DATA GRAVITASI

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    Nasrun Balulu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A geophysical survey using gravity method was carried out in Muria  volcano. This research aimed to interpret the subsurface geology condition of the research area based on gravity data analysis. Research area is (47,6 x 45 km2    with 222 observation  points. Gravitymeter  LaCoste & Romberg type G-1118 MVR was used to    measure the  gravity field, and differential method of Global Positioning System (GPS was used to measure the position and elevation. Data processing was performed to gain complete Bouguer  anomaly of both residual and  regional. Bouguer density using graphical method resulted to the value of 2.67 gr/cm3.  Transformation to a horizontal plane was performed obtain by using equivalent mass method with horizontal level’s height of 1602 meters beyond the spheroid reference and equivalent The separation of regional anomaly and residual  anomaly  was  generated  through  upward  continuation  method  and  resulted  to  regional anomaly in the height of  15000 meters up the spheroid reference. The residual anomaly acquired by subtract the regional anomaly toward the complete Bouguer anomaly in a horizontal plane. The subsurface modelling of Muria  volcano and its surrounding was acquired from  Grav2DC for Windows. The result shows that Muria volcano and its surrounding was regionally controlled by rock resulted from volcanic processes as lava (density 2,91 gr/cm3. This volcanic rock due to the gravity collapse performed a caldera filled by andesit (density 2,58 gr/cm3. Another rock which is deposited in  Muria  volcano  are  tuff  from  Muria  Tuff  (density  2,4  gr/cm3,  tuff  sandstone  from  Patiayam formation (density 2,5 gr/cm3,  limestone from Bulu formation (density 2,7 gr/cm3, and  limestone from Ngrayong formation (density 2,8 gr/cm3. Keywords:Bouguer anomaly, Regional anomaly, Residual anomaly,  Modeling, Subsurface stracture.

  8. ANALISIS PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN PERUSAHAAN

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    Ika Puspita Kristianti

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to empirically identify the impacts of capital structure chosen by company on firm’s financial perfomances. This research examine the effects of variable Debt to Asset Ratio (DR and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER, partially and simultaneously to Return on Assets and Return on Equity. This research analyze secondary data using cross sectional method. The research specifically choose multi-finance companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange as research population, with consideration of the characteristics and unique business risk level. The result of hypotheses tests proves that capital structure has a significant effect to firm’s financial performance.  The added of debt proportion will affect added interest expense, which will lower the asset’s effectivity to earn income. On contrary, higher debt also gives positive impact for income. Higher debt means more resources that could be used by firm in maximizing business opportunity. This result is relevant with firm’s business process that provide financial services to its customers. The more funds that firms could provide for its customers, then there will be higher opportunities for the firm to get higher interest income. The objective of this study is to empirically identify the impacts of capital structure chosen by company on firm’s financial perfomances. This research examine the effects of variable Debt to Asset Ratio (DR and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER, partially and simultaneously to Return on Assets and Return on Equity. This research analyze secondary data using cross sectional method. The research specifically choose multi-finance companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange as research population, with consideration of the characteristics and unique business risk level. The result of hypotheses tests proves that capital structure has a significant effect to firm’s financial performance.  The added of debt proportion will affect added interest expense, which will lower the asset’s effectivity to earn income. On contrary, higher debt also gives positive impact for income. Higher debt means more resources that could be used by firm in maximizing business opportunity. This result is relevant with firm’s business process that provide financial services to its customers. The more funds that firms could provide for its customers, then there will be higher opportunities for the firm to get higher interest income.   Key words: capital structure, financial performance, profitability

  9. KUALITAS AIR WADUK PENJALIN BERDASARKAN STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROBENTHOS

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    Ratih Junika Widjaja Putri

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Macrobenthos is one of the biotic water constituent and can be used as bioindicator in determining water quality conditions. Water quality can be seen in terms of community structure of macrobenthos. The present study aimed to determine the physical and chemical water qualities in Penjalin Reservoir and to know the community structure of macrobenthos contained in the waters of Penjalin Reservoir. Community structure includes Density (organism/m2, Relative Density, Dominance Index (C and Diversity Index (H ' as well as to determine the relationship between the water quality (physical and chemical and the macrobenthos density. The physical and chemical qualities of Penjalin Reservoir water was good based on class III water quality standard according to PP No. 82 Ttahun 2001. Based on observation, 11 macrobenthos were obtained. Diversity Index (H' based on the criteria of Lee  et al. (1978 showed moderate values (2.07 to 1.66 suggesting a low contamination level. The relationship of macrobenthos density and its chemical and physical quality of water pH, temperature, light penetration, depth, DO, BOD was weak, but had strong relationship with TSS. The results showed a linear regression equation Y = 898.76 X - 236.946 (Y = density and X = TSS which could be interpreted that the more value of macrobenthos density the higher value of TSS contained in the water.

  10. STRUKTUR EKONOMI DAN SEKTOR UNGGULAN SEKTORAL PADA PROPINSI RIAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmatullah Rahmatullah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine and analyze the structure of the economy, the dominant sector of economic regions, economic sectors effect on the growth of regional economy and the impact on the growth of leading sectors of economic sectors in the province of Riau. The research shows that The economic structure based on the demand and supply of output, gross value added and employment. Riau is the main structure: The food and beverage industry, tobacco, trade, construction, other services and goods paper & printing industry. Dominant sector in 2000 Riau oil, gas and geothermal energy, petroleum refining, transportation equipment industry, machinery & equipment, trade, plantation crops and buildings. Year 2005 plantation crops, food industry, beverages & tobacco, paper and printed material industry, commerce, fisheries, mining, oil, gas and geothermal energy, and buildings. The variable government investment, suwasta investment, exports, imports, employment, forward linkage, backward lingkage, the impact of output and gross value added impact of simultaneous positive effect on regional economic growth (GDP in Riau.DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v1i1.2596

  11. Analisis Kekuatan Dan Stabilitas Struktur Sistem Parkir Otomatis Berbantuan Software

    OpenAIRE

    Reinaldo, Eko; Irawan, Agustinus Purna; Daywin, Frans Jusuf

    2014-01-01

    Structure analysis software. Resulted of Automatic parking system is a car parking system which moves the vehicle from the parking lot entrance to the parking space automatically with no drivers. Automatic car parking system accepts the load's structure which should be done by the calculation and the structural strength analysis to get a strong and stable structure with expected safety level. structural strength analysis which has been done in this thesis is strong and stable automatic car pa...

  12. Peningkatan Keunggulan Kompetitif Perguruan Tinggi melalui Analisis Struktur Industri Porter

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    Robert Roy Rondonuwu

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The existence of competitive advantage for an organization is something that cannot be avoided. Globalization and hyper-competitive market condition makes the management try to consolidate and count their assests in order to definie the way and position that they want to achieve in the market. By using the business process reengineering, the organization can get new energy (revitalization to make it one of the best in the competition. The objective of this paper is to motivate the organization by evaluating its internal condition in order to achieve the competitive advantage. The competitive advantage concept of Michael E. Porter is the central topic in all of the efforts to make the organization ambitions grow and expand in a dynamic market.

  13. Perubahan Struktur Ekonomi dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Andi Alfarabi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know changes the structure economy in the range of time  in  1996 – 2009  and  the  all  factors  that  affect  changes  the  structure  economy  was  also  know  the impact of career safety and a reduction poverty in Provinces Jambi. Of Result research is so well known changes structure economic that was started  with  growth  economic a then had an impact on  in  changes  pattern  consumption  society  relative  low,  but  there is a shift in 1996-1997.  advanced  known  factors-  factors  that  affect  changes  the structure  in  Province  Jambi  which  is divided  according to his  sector  (primary, industry, tools & services. Then  impact  changes  the  structure  economic  in  Province  Jambi  to : (a  Career Summary : changes structure economic that  happened  in  Provinces  Jambi  (four  sectors economy  did  not  have an effect  on  significant  the  enforced  career  safety  in  Province Jambi; (b Poverty: only share sector industry and share the sector  tools  that  have  influence  significant  to decrease the number poverty in Province Jambi. Keywords: Poverty, Sector Economy, Career Safety

  14. ANALISIS STRUKTUR KEUANGAN TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PADA PT TELKOMINDONESIA, Tbk MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina Merdekawati

    2017-05-01

    Methods of analysis used in this research is the analysis of the ratio of four aspects: Assets measured by the ratio Turnover Total Assets and ratios Turnover Fixed Assets, aspects of liquidity is measured by current ratio, quick ratio and cash ratio, Aspect Equity is measured by the ratio On the equity and debt aspects of Profitability measured by the ratio Profit Margin, Economic Profitability ratios, profitability ratios Equity and Net Profit Margin.

  15. Hubungan Ketenagakerjaan Dan Perubahan Struktur Ekonomi terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Hukom

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the relationship between employment changes in the economic structure of the welfare of the people in Indonesia using Sobel test approach. Employment is an economic analysis of the behavior of workers and employers as well as their interaction on the labor market. Changes in the economic structure of an economic transformation from traditional to modern can be generally defined as a change in the economy related to the composition of demand, trade, production and other factors necessary to continously increase revenue and social welfare through an increase in income per capita . The results showed that the employment effect on welfare through structural change in Indonesia. This means that the presence of employment in the capitalist sector (non-agricultural employment without reducing the agricultural sector led to increased surplus is then invested back into the capitalist sector. Therefore, the growth of these sectors leads to structural changes in the economy which in turn have an impact on improving people's welfare.

  16. Budaya Birokrasi dalam Konteks Transformasi Struktural: Antara Harapan dan Kenyataan

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    Moeljarto Tjokrowinoto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The form bureaucracy in a country basically reflects the interaction between value premise and factual premise. An effort in the reformation administration, which in reality, is a process for manipulating several determinants of bureaucracy so that the entire components of bureaucracy will be oriented towards the objeaisw, which is intended to be shaped through the development process, all requires a lot of consideration on the determinants of bureaucratic reformation earlier on mentioned This is because it is necessary to realize that some determinants of bureaucratic reformation often times, pass by the structural-pracediral dimension, psychological dimendon, economic and stuctural dmention, cod finalty the cultural dimention. It is apparent that bureaucracy in Indonesia is signified by the coexistence between Weberian bireaucracy which onginatesfivm the west and the traditional bureaucracy which has its roots in the socio-cultural aspects of the place. With due consideration to the conditions which have been pointed out above, this writing suggests that the process of bureaucratic transformation is not only able to make an emphasis on the formal aspects of a modfying system. In order that the administration reformation must point out not only at the industrialization process, but also on the phenomenon or the shape of the industrial society with the values which arc inherent in that particular society.

  17. ANALISIS PENGUJIAN STRUKTUR BALOK LAMINASI KAYU SENGON DAN KAYU KELAPA

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    Sri Handayani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Wood Sengon (Sengon is a type of timber that can quickly grow, accessible but its use as a construction material has not been optimized. The technology used to support the wood as a construction material is a laminate. Engineering experiments was done by making laminated beams of wood Sengon and wood coconut. The purpose of this study is to determine how much the increase in flexural strength for laminated wood Sengon beams and wood Coconut beams as a replacement of structural beam with a variety of adhesive and timber placement. The method used is an experimental method for flexural strength testing of laminated beams. The results showed an average flexural strength of the maximum obtained in laminated beams with variations EP-S (adhesive epoxy glue and placement position in the wood Sengon amounted to 679 350 kg / cm2. An increase in the strength of 254 025 kg / cm2 (59.72% are from wood Sengon bending strength 425 325 kg / cm2 (probe grade IV to 679 350 kg / cm2 (strong class III. The use of technology should pay attention to the position of the bearing laminated wood. Wood with strong higher class should be put on the outside position to provide reinforcement for the wood with a powerful low grade placed in the position.

  18. MAKNA KEJAHATAN STRUKTURAL KORUPSI DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI STRUKTURASI ANTHONY GIDDENS

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    Imadah Thoyibbah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Corruption is the reality of crime that can not be separated from the structure and human agency. The perspective of structuration theory emphasizes the duality relation between agents and structures. The structure includes the rules and resources and the social systems are mobilized in space-time by the social agents. Corruption as a structural crime involving micro structures and macro structures. First, corruption is a crime that occurs due to banality (omission/habituation whose motive is greed, dishonesty, arrogance, pettiness, shallowness of thought and the subjective satisfaction. Motifs are encased in a system of production and reproduction of social activity that is dialectic. Secondly, corruption is sustained by the conditions of a globalized modernity as a result of events like the separation of time and spice, the development of disembedding mechanism of localized context, and the reflexive appropriation of knowledge. Agents are those that have a value of intervention (effect against a corrupt act. Various efforts to justify acts of corruption is a form of rationalization of actions by human agents as creative and reflexive beings. Their motive is to avoid moral responsibility and social law. Social change can be done by 'deroutinization' of structure or distancing by reflexive monitoring of structure while constraining and enabling the seeds of corruption that involves the structure of signification, domination, and legitimation in the constitutions of society.

  19. Nilai dan Loyalitas Pelanggan Restoran: Aplikasi Pemodelan Persamaan Struktural (SEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Firdaus

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Customer value and loyalty in many cases are often examined by using descriptive analysis. The usage of structural analysis for such cases in Indonesia is still limited. This study aimed to analyze the customer value and loyalty in a restaurant. Structural equation modelling is used to investigate the relationship between value and loyalty, and the factors which influence the customer value and loyalty. This study shows the positive relationship between such variables. Image is the most siginificant factor which influence the customer value.

  20. PERUBAHAN VIABILITAS DAN STRUKTUR SUBSELULER SPERMATOZOA DOMBA SETELAH PENGERINGBEKUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takdir Saili

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Several methods i.e. cooling, freezing, and freeze-drying have been widely used to preserve spermatozoa with various degree of success. Freeze-drying appears to provide a method to preserve spermatozoa in a dry state without requiring liquid nitrogen for storing frozen spermatozoa. Freeze-drying procedures can have a detrimental effect on plasma membrane and acrosomal cap of the spermatozoa. In this experiment study, the viability and subcellular changes of freeze-dried ram spermatozoa were evaluated using staining method and scanning electron microscopy. The results revealed that all freeze-dried spermatozoa were dead following evaluation using eosin staining and Hoechst-propidium iodide staining methods. Morover, plasma membrane and acrosomal cap of freeze-dried ram spermatozoa was disrupted observed using scanning electron microscope.

  1. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS FITOPLANKTON DI DANAU TOBA, SUMATERA UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Rahman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Lake Toba is the largest lake in Indonesia, located in the Province of North Sumatra. Lake Toba is used to aquaculture, agricultural, tourism, and residential areas. These activities will produce organic and anorganic matter that can affect water quality and can cause eutrophication. Some indicators of eutrophication are an increase in phytoplankton biomass and changes in phytoplankton community structure. The aim of this study was to describe the phytoplankton community structure in Lake Toba. This study was conducted on 20-24 October 2014 at 23 stations around the Samosir Island, Lake Toba. The results showed that the phytoplankton abundance ranged 216-68.319.716 cells/m3. The phytoplankton composition consists of 35 genera from four classes: Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, and Dinophyceae. Chyanophyceae is a dominant phytoplankton groups based on the composition of abundance (>40%. Structure of phytoplankton communities in Lake Toba dominated by Anabaena.

  2. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Terhadap Profitabilitas Perusahaan Manufaktur di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulius Ardy Wiranata

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ownership structure on profitability in the manufacturing sector. Independent variables used for this study are consisted of foreign ownership, government ownership, managerial ownership, institusional ownership, family ownership. Profitability is measured by ROA (Return On Assets, while firm size and leverage are used as the control variables. This study is used 224 samples of manufacturing companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange for the period 2010-2011. The results show that foreign ownership and leverage have a positive and significant effect to profitability. Family ownership has a negative and significant effect to profitability. However, government ownership, managerial ownership, institutional ownership and firm size have no influence to profitability.

  3. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Dan Ukuran Perusahaan Terhadap Pengungkapan Manajemen Risiko

    OpenAIRE

    Prayoga, Edo Bangkit; Almilia, Luciana Spica

    2013-01-01

    Every company inevitably face risk in terms of financial risk or operational risk. In an uncertain economic situation, risk management is one way to reduce and deal with any risk that the company may face. This study aimed to analyze the effect of managerial ownership, domestic institutional ownership, foreign institutional ownership, public ownership and firm size on the risk management disclosure. The population used here was secondary data from the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI), i.e. ...

  4. Den danske brødindustri: Struktur, teknologi, forskningsbehov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvistgaard, Morten; Plichta, Kirsten; Rasmussen, Ole

    1993-01-01

    Executive summary: 1) Up through the eighties the Danish bread industry has experienced an important structural development. This development is a result of changing consumer patterns in the bread market, where the consumption of traditional dark and white bread is declining, and consumption of new...

  5. Siklus Hidup Perusahaan sebagai Determinan Struktur Organisasi: Suatu Pendekatan Kontinjensi

    OpenAIRE

    Habbe, Abdul Hamid

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses the determinant factors in the organizational structure as the design contingency theory perspective. This paper assumes that no single best way in the organizational structure as the design expert opinion classics (such as Weber, Taylor, Fayol). Design of effective and efficient organization structure strongly related to contextual variables. Centralized organizational structure, specialized, standardized, formalized, configured, differentiated, complex, extensive con...

  6. Struktur Komunitas Artropoda pada Ekosistem Padi tanpa Perlakuan Pestisida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Mahrub

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Generally, rice ecosystem was les stable because the structure of natural community often change, and it may cause decrease in the natural biodiversity. The research has been done in the lowland ricefield during wet and dry season without pesticides application. Observation was started when the plant (IR64 was 7 days old after transplanting with interval of 8 days until one week before harvest, to collect the arthropods from each samples. The objectives were to study the structure of community of arthropods during wet and dry season and to study food web chain in natural ecosystem and its implementation in the Integrated Pest Management Program. The results showed that in rice ecosystem four arthropod groups or guilds, was found i.e. Pests, Predators, Parasites and Neutral Arthropods. The diversity and species abundance of arthropods were high but the highest abundance of arthropods was found on the member of certain order and family only. The population of pest was lower than predator. The relative abundance of pests were 5.75% in wet season and 8.57% in dry season, while predators were 27.96% in wet season and 33.88% in dry season. The population density of spider predators especially Lycosa sp. during wet and dry season were very high. It was supported by the abundant of neutral arthropods as alternate prey when the pest population was very low. This condition may support negative feed back interaction and increase the potential of natural control in the absence of pesticide application. Key words: predator, parasite, neutral arthropod

  7. Pengaruh Keputusan Keuangan dan Struktur Kepemilikan terhadap Nilai Perusahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Akbar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This  research examines the effect of  financial decision (debt policy, dividend policy and investment  and  ownership structure (insider ownership and institutional ownership to  firm value. This study  used  96 firm-year samples of firms listed  in Indonesian Stock Exchange during 2002 until 2006. Data are analyzed using multivariate regression method. The result of this research indicated that the debt policy, dividend policy, insider ownership  are not  significantly affect to  the firm value. The effect of investment  to firm value is positively  significant but  institutional ownweship is negatively significant.

  8. Kapitalstruktur och Affärsrisk

    OpenAIRE

    Eckerhall, Marc; Karlsson, Mårten

    2001-01-01

    During the past year it has been made possible to buy back a company’s outstanding stock. This is done in order to change the capital structure towards a situation with less equity. A change in capital structure means a change in the cost of capital for a company and by that a change in the value for the stockholder. This Master Thesis studies the relation between capital structure and business risk. Studying the debt to equity ratio in a company captures capital structure. Studying the volat...

  9. Sexuella trakasserier och identitetsskapande bland unga

    OpenAIRE

    Runsö, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Sexual harassments have since long been an issue all over the world and schools have not been an exception. Reports from Swedish secondary schools show how 47% of the female pupils state that they have, sometime during their time in school, been the victim of sexual harassment. Other studies claim that pupils exposed to sexual harassments will develop low self-esteem and a decreased sense of self. The Swedish curriculum state that all children shall have the right to a harassment free school ...

  10. Skolidentitet och managementkultur som mytologisk diskurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Lunneblad

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available School identity management culture as a mythological discourse.As inter-related educational reforms spread, they permeate and re-orient educational systems in different social and political contexts. The new package of reforms is held against older policy technologies of professionalism and bureaucracy and thereby it helps to re-align the public sector towards the methods and ethics of private markets. The focus of this article is on displaying the strategies that school leaders of a suburban school in a low income and multi-ethnic area use. The article displays that the strategies employed are a strong leadership and the identity work of creating the image of the “successful school”. An important part of is to maintain and create good relations to media and municipal politicians. This article argues that this has resulted in that school leaders are paying less attention to the real pedagogical needs of their students and more attention to “impression anagement”.

  11. Mina sociologiska stationer - om utsikter och insikter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertilsson, Margareta

    2014-01-01

    This special issue of Sociologisk Forskning contains 14 papers by distinguished Swedish sociologists on the Development of sociology in Sweden during the last decades and the forming of their own academic habitus in relation to that development....

  12. Bildning till verklighet och icke-representationell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Dahlin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the educational significance of the critique of representationalism. As it includes the notion of non-representational knowledge, Rudolf Steiner’s epistemology is introduced and further linked to elements in Bergson and Deleuze. Humboldt’s idea of Menschenbildung as the central function of knowledge is brought in, since both Humboldt and Steiner emphasise knowledge as mediating the interplay between self and world, producing a deeper sense of reality. Such an education must respect the living nature of genuine concepts as well as the aesthetic aspects of learning. After a note on the educational abuse of language in discursive closures, some traits of Steiner’s practical pedagogy are presented as possible practical implications.

  13. On the Formation of the C{sub 2}H{sub 6}O Isomers Ethanol (C{sub 2}H{sub 5}OH) and Dimethyl Ether (CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}) in Star-forming Regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergantini, Alexandre; Maksyutenko, Pavlo; Kaiser, Ralf I., E-mail: ralfk@hawaii.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)

    2017-06-01

    The structural isomers ethanol (CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}OH) and dimethyl ether (CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}) were detected in several low-, intermediate-, and high-mass star-forming regions, including Sgr B2, Orion, and W33A, with the relative abundance ratios of ethanol/dimethyl ether varying from about 0.03 to 3.4. Until now, no experimental data regarding the formation mechanisms and branching ratios of these two species in laboratory simulation experiments could be provided. Here, we exploit tunable photoionization reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry (PI-ReTOF-MS) to detect and analyze the production of complex organic molecules (COMs) resulting from the exposure of water/methane (H{sub 2}O/CH{sub 4}) ices to energetic electrons. The main goal is to understand the formation mechanisms in star-forming regions of two C{sub 2}H{sub 6}O isomers: ethanol (CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}OH) and dimethyl ether (CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}). The results show that the experimental branching ratios favor the synthesis of ethanol versus dimethyl ether (31 ± 11:1). This finding diverges from the abundances observed toward most star-forming regions, suggesting that production routes on interstellar grains to form dimethyl ether might be missing; alternatively, ethanol can be overproduced in the present simulation experiments, such as via radical–radical recombination pathways involving ethyl and hydroxyl radicals. Finally, the PI-ReTOF-MS data suggest the formation of methylacetylene (C{sub 3}H{sub 4}), ketene (CH{sub 2}CO), propene (C{sub 3}H{sub 6}), vinyl alcohol (CH{sub 2}CHOH), acetaldehyde (CH{sub 3}CHO), and methyl hydroperoxide (CH{sub 3}OOH), in addition to ethane (C{sub 2}H{sub 6}), methanol (CH{sub 3}OH), and CO{sub 2} detected from infrared spectroscopy. The yield of all the confirmed species is also determined.

  14. La{sub 0,7}Sr{sub 0,3}MnO{sub 3} thin layers on SrTiO{sub 3}(001) substrate. Structure and Mn valence; La{sub 0,7}Sr{sub 0,3}MnO{sub 3}-Duennschichten auf SrTiO{sub 3}(001)-Substrat. Struktur und Mn-Wertigkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riedl, Thomas

    2007-07-01

    nadelfoermigen Zwillingsdomaenen besteht. Aus hochaufgeloesten Raster-TEM-Abbildungen mit den unter grossem Winkel gestreuten Elektronen geht hervor, dass die LSMO/STO-Grenzflaechen eine kohaerente, gelegentlich mit Elementarzellenstufen versehene Gitterstruktur aufweisen. Insbesondere vermitteln die Stufen (Einfach- und Mehrfachstufen) die wellige Struktur der LSMO/STO-Multilagen. Schliesslich wird gezeigt, dass die mit konvergenter Beugung bestimmte Fehlorientierung zwischen LSMO-Schicht und STO-Substrat bei geringer Dicke der TEM-Lamelle die erwartete Netzebenenneigung der Zwillinge uebersteigt. Dafuer wird eine nachtraegliche Relaxation der LSMO-Schicht waehrend der Ionenduennung verantwortlich gemacht. (orig.)

  15. Electron pairing analysis of the Fischer-type chromium-carbene complexes (CO){sub 5}Cr=C(X)R (X=H, OH, OCH{sub 3}, NH{sub 2}, NHCH{sub 3} and R=H, CH{sub 3}, CH=CH{sub 2}, Ph, C-CH )

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poater, Jordi; Cases, Montserrat; Fradera, Xavier; Duran, Miquel; Sola, Miquel

    2003-10-15

    The electron-pair density distributions of a series of 25 Fischer carbene complexes of the type (CO){sub 5}Cr=C(X)R (X=H, OH, OCH{sub 3}, NH{sub 2}, NHCH{sub 3} and R=H, CH{sub 3}, CH=CH{sub 2}, Ph, C-CH) are analyzed using the Atoms in Molecules theory. Localization and delocalization indices are used to characterize the electron pairing taking place in the Cr=C---X moiety in these complexes. Electron delocalization between the Cr and C atoms and between the C atom and the X group are related to the {pi}-donor strength of the X group and the degree of back-donation between the chromium pentacarbonyl and the carbene fragments. The results obtained with the Atoms in Molecules theory complement those obtained in a previous study by means of energy and charge decomposition analyses. Electron delocalization between the Cr atom and the X group is consistent with the hypothesis of a weak 3-center 4-electron bonding interaction in the Cr=C-X group of atoms. Except for X=H, {delta}(Cr,X) increases with the decrease of the {pi}-donor character of the X group.

  16. Atmospheric chemistry of HFE-7000 (CF(3)CF (2)CF (2)OCH (3)) and 2,2,3,3,4,4,4-heptafluoro-1-butanol (CF (3)CF (2)CF (2)CH (2)OH): kinetic rate coefficients and temperature dependence of reactions with chlorine atoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-de-Mera, Yolanda; Aranda, Alfonso; Bravo, Iván; Rodríguez, Diana; Rodríguez, Ana; Moreno, Elena

    2008-10-01

    The adverse environmental impacts of chlorinated hydrocarbons on the Earth's ozone layer have focused attention on the effort to replace these compounds by nonchlorinated substitutes with environmental acceptability. Hydrofluoroethers (HFEs) and fluorinated alcohols are currently being introduced in many applications for this purpose. Nevertheless, the presence of a great number of C-F bonds drives to atmospheric long-lived compounds with infrared absorption features. Thus, it is necessary to improve our knowledge about lifetimes and global warming potentials (GWP) for these compounds in order to get a complete evaluation of their environmental impact. Tropospheric degradation is expected to be initiated mainly by OH reactions in the gas phase. Nevertheless, Cl atoms reaction may also be important since rate constants are generally larger than those of OH. In the present work, we report the results obtained in the study of the reactions of Cl radicals with HFE-7000 (CF(3)CF(2)CF(2)OCH(3)) (1) and its isomer CF(3)CF(2)CF(2)CH(2)OH (2). Kinetic rate coefficients with Cl atoms have been measured using the discharge flow tube-mass spectrometric technique at 1 Torr of total pressure. The reactions of these chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) substitutes have been studied under pseudo-first-order kinetic conditions in excess of the fluorinated compounds over Cl atoms. The temperature ranges were 266-333 and 298-353 K for reactions of HFE-7000 and CF(3)CF(2)CF(2)CH(2)OH, respectively. The measured room temperature rate constants were k(Cl+CF(3)CF(2)CF(2)OCH(3)) = (1.24 +/- 0.28) x 10(-13) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1)and k(Cl+CF(3)CF(2)CF(2)CH(2)OH) = (8.35 +/- 1.63) x 10(-13) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) (errors are 2sigma + 10% to cover systematic errors). The Arrhenius expression for reaction 1 was k (1)(266-333 K) = (6.1 +/- 3.8) x 10(-13)exp[-(445 +/- 186)/T] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) and k (2)(298-353 K) = (1.9 +/- 0.7) x 10(-12)exp[-(244 +/- 125)/T] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) (errors

  17. Addition of ash on drained forested peatlands in southern Sweden. Effects on forest production, fluxes of greenhouse gases and water chemistry; Tillfoersel av aska i tallskog paa dikad torvmark i soedra Sverige. Effekter paa skogsproduktion, avgaang av vaexthusgaser och vattenkemi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Ernfors, Maria; Jacobson, Staffan; Klemedtsson, Leif; Nilsson, Mats; Ring, Eva

    2006-04-15

    , accumulation of tree biomass needs to increase by approximately 2%. In run off, sampled in the main ditches, the electric conductivity increased after addition of 3.1 tonnes of crushed ash, as well as the concentrations of B, Br, Ca, Cd, Co, K, Cl, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, P, PO{sub 4}-P, S, SO{sub 4}-S and Zn. For most elements, the increase appeared immediately after the ash application, and lasted from a few months to the whole observation period (c. one year). The concentrations of Pb and V was lower than expected during six and nine months, respectively. Thereafter, the Pb-concentration tended to be higher than the control. The concentration of TOC was reduced during eight months, and pH was reduced during three months after the ash addition. The effects on ground water chemistry corresponded to the effects on chemistry in run off. Two months after treatment, the concentrations of B, Ca, Cd, Co, K, Cl{sup -}, Li, Mn, Na, P, S och SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}S were elevated in the groundwater in the ash treated area. For some of the elements this was evident down to 90 - 100 cm depth. The concentrations of As and TOC at 30 - 40 cm tended to be lower in the area treated with ash. The results from this study demonstrate the initial effects (1 - 2.5 years) of wood ash addition in some drained, oligotrophic peatland forests in southern Sweden. Ash addition may affect the turn over of the peat, and potentially affect other ecosystem properties, for several decades. Hence, in order to confirm the duration of the shown short-term effects, to establish the duration of not yet ceased effects, and, establish effects that might show up in a long-term perspective, continuous follow up of the established experiments is important. This long-term monitoring is also a prerequisite of a more complete evaluation of the benefits and possible detrimental effects on the environment of wood ash addition.

  18. CSR och politisk konsumtion : - en studie av Nikes och Pumas CSR- rapporter

    OpenAIRE

    Björling, Ameli

    2010-01-01

    “CSR and political consumption – a study of Nike’s and Puma’s CSR-reports” The purpose of this dissertation is to examine if political consumption has influenced multinational corporations to improve their Corporate Social Responsibility reports and policies more, than a company who has not been a target for political consumption. This dissertation is a content analysis of Nike’s and Puma’s first (Nike 2001, Puma 2001) and latest (Nike 2007/09, Puma 2007/08) CSR- reports. Archie Carroll’s mod...

  19.  Moderbolagsperspektiv kontra enhetsperspektiv  : - motiv och konsekvens i teori och praktik

    OpenAIRE

    Lorenz, Anna; Gustavson, Jennie

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The development towards an international accounting standard implies that Swedish groups of companies that are not quoted on the stock exchange can use a parent company perspective or an entity perspective while making their group accounting. The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the motives behind the groups of companies choice of perspective and to show how these motives agrees with the effect it has on the profit and loss account and on the balance sheet. The study...

  20. Resultat och berättelser - En analys av sportnyheterna i finsk och svensk television

    OpenAIRE

    Silfverberg, Kalle

    2004-01-01

    Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler. Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library. Vain tiivi...

  1. Mannen och kvinnan i reklamen. : En studie av annonserna i tidskrifterna Café och Elle.

    OpenAIRE

    Jonsson, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Men and women in advertising - a study of the ads in the magazines Café and Elle is an essay in media and communication studies covering 15hp. The author examines what is considered masculinity and femininity in a variety of advertisements, and which products are linked to masculinity and femininity. Besides this, the author also examines the production of happiness, and how this may differ between men and women. Although stereotypes, myths and metaphors are examined. The essay is examined on...

  2. Dödsfallsutredningar : med oklar bakgrund och avsikt hos barn och ungdomar

    OpenAIRE

    Sandrehav, Jenny; Björkehed, Johan

    2006-01-01

    Violence against children and particularly the “Bobby Case” in spring 2006 initiated an unprecedented debate in the Swedish media about child maltreatment and child murder. There are however some children whose death causes never will be solved, and some of these cases are erroneously classified as something else. The present survey is commissioned by the Swedish Rescue Services Agency and the Swedish Centre for Lessons Learned from Incidents & Accidents, and will serve as the basis for a...

  3. Barn och stress : Lärare och fritidspedagogers medvetenhet om orsakerna till stress hos barn.

    OpenAIRE

    Bäckström, Sebastian

    2013-01-01

    In today's society it is not uncommon for all of us at some point to suffer from stress. There may be situations where we have a lot to do at work, in family relationships, death, illness, relationships with our friends, the pace of our surroundings, external and internal demands that we often carry with us. The children are also affected to a greater extent of stress and distress of it. The purpose of this essay was to study the awareness of teachers and recreation instructors have about the...

  4. Synthesis and Structural Characterisation of [Ir4(CO8(CH3(m4-h3-Ph2PCCPh(m-PPh2] and of the Carbonylation Product [Ir4(CO8{C(OCH3}(m4-h3-Ph2PCCPh(m-PPh2]; First Evidence for the Formation of a CO Cluster Adduct before CO Insertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braga Dario

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Deprotonation of [(mu-HIr4(CO10(mu-PPh2], 1, gives [Ir4(CO10(mu-PPh2]- that reacts with Ph2PCCPh and CH3I to afford [Ir4(CO8(CH3(mu4-eta³-Ph2PCCPh(mu-PPh2], 2 (34%, besides [Ir4(CO9(mu3-eta³-Ph2PC(HCPh(mu-PPh2] and [(mu-HIr4(CO9(Ph2PCºCPh(mu-PPh2]. Compound 2 was characterised by a single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and exhibits a flat butterfly of metal atoms, with the Ph2PCCPh ligand interacting with all four Ir atoms and the methyl group bonded terminally to a wingtip Ir atom. Carbonylation of 2 yields initially (25 °C, 20 min a CO addition product that, according to VT 31P{¹H} and 13C{¹H} studies, exists in solution in the form of two isomers 4A and 4B (8:1, and then (40 °C, 7 h, the CO insertion product [Ir4(CO8{C(OCH3}(mu4-eta³-Ph2PCCPh(mu-PPh2], 5. The molecular structure of 5, established by an X-ray analysis, is similar to that of 2, except for the acyl group that remains bound to the same Ir atom. The process is reversible at both stages. Treatment of 2 with PPh3 and P(OMe3 affords the CO substitution products [Ir4(CO7L(CH3(mu4-eta³-Ph2PCCPh(mu-PPh2] (L = PPh3, 6 and P(OMe3, 7, instead of the expected CO inserted products. According to the ¹H and 31P{¹H} NMR studies, the PPh3 derivative 6 exists in the form of two isomers (1:1 that differ with respect to the position of this ligand.

  5. Key ratios for energy and climate 2012 - Buildings and transportation of municipal and county; Nyckeltal energi och klimat 2012 - Byggnader och transporter i kommun och landsting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-12-15

    This is the second report that presents key ratios on energy and climate for municipalities, county councils and regions. It has been developed through a collaboration between SKL and Energy Agency. The key ratios show inter alia a sharply increased share of renewable fuels in public transport and some reduction in energy in both commercial and residential premises. The main content is derived from the data on energy use in their own premises and transport in 2012 reported by those who sought support for energy efficiency improvement in municipalities and county from the Swedish Energy Agency.

  6. Pox-rättegången, Mangafallet och Tintin-gate : en diskursanalys av debatter och nyhetsrapportering i svensk media om tecknade serier och censur

    OpenAIRE

    Jansson, Elin

    2013-01-01

    The study aims to examine how censorship and comics have been discussed in three debates. The aim is also to identify discourses and the orders and relations of power constructed in the debates, and to examine how librarians should handle debates about censorship and comics. Selected sources are articles from Swedish newspapers and tabloids about the debates on the Pox-trial, the manga case and the debate about Tintin in Kulturhuset. The results from the analysis indicates that the debates ha...

  7. Vad associeras egentligen med begreppet feminism? : En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie av hur begreppet och identiteten feminism porträtteras i tidningarna Aftonbladet och Nyheter24.

    OpenAIRE

    Edmark, Sofie

    2016-01-01

    Feminism is a concept that stands for equality and it is being lively discussed in both political, private and media spheres. As a concept that is so discussed and that is essential in the fight for equality between men and women, it is essential to study what is connected to it. The aim with this study was to examine how the concept feminism and the identity feminist were being illustrated and constructed in the newspaper Aftonbladet and newssite Nyheter24. The methods for the study were qua...

  8. Pengaruh faktor ukuran, pertumbuhan, risiko keuangan, struktur aktiva dan non debt tax shield perusahaan terhadap struktur modal pada Bursa Efek Enam Negara ASEAN

    OpenAIRE

    Situmorang, Christina Verawaty

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the research was to analyze the influence of some factors such as measurement, growth, financial risk, assets structure, and non debt tax shield simultaneously and partially on the capital structure of a real estate company. The population was 285 real estate companies listed in the Stock Exchanges of six ASEAN countries : Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam in 2011, and 210 of them with 210 analysis units were used as the samples, using purposiv...

  9. Bylocks Drakskeppstrilogi – analogi och kulturmöten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingemansson, Mary

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In my thesis “It could just as well have happened today”: Maj Bylock's Drakskeppstrilogi and historical consciousness in ten- to twelve-year-olds, I provide a textual, thematic analysis of the three novels from 1997–1998. Further, in an empirical study I have documented the reading of Bylock's fictitious, historical trilogy about the Viking era as done by 11-year-old children, whose thematic work and development of a historical consciousness also have been part of the study. This article deals only with the textual analysis aspect, which purpose is to show what in the texts might produce a historical consciousness in children as well as how the characters are portrayed in order for children to identify with them. Two functions of the novels are studied: knowledge and analogy. The focus is on the main character Petite/Åsa and her development with a view to gender, ethnicity and class as seen from an intersectional perspective. I use postcolonial concepts such as diaspora and hybrid identity in order to describe cultural encounters brought on by migration. I portray female characters gaining a higher level of empowerment, a term used by Joanne Brown and Nancy St. Clair. Bylock claims that she is reflecting the present in her historical texts and that this is more straightforwardly achieved when the events are set several hundred years ago. As a result irrelevant details can be removed and the focus be placed on timeless, human phenomena, for instance cultural encounters. In the light of the above and ideas about how best to describe cultural encounters I analyse the cultural contexts in which the main character finds herself focusing on her transition from a girl into a woman and her quest for a multicultural identity. I elaborate on the concepts mentioned in the previous by describing two cultural encounters which provide an analogy with the present.

  10. Import of biofuels and peat; Import av biobraenslen och torv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albertsson, N

    1993-06-01

    In areas neighbouring Sweden, i.e., foremost the Baltic States, it is probable that a large part of the available amounts will be consumed on the domestic market. Studies of the possible use of wood fuel in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are being made by the World Bank. Considerable investments will probably be made in the near future to replace existing coal- and oil-fired boiler plants with plants burning wood fuel. Consequently, the opportunities for exports of wood fuel will probably be small. In a global perspective, peat is used only to a limited extent as fuel. In the former Soviet Union alone it is estimated that the amount of peat that is economically feasible to extract is about 166x10{sup 9} tonnes at a moisture content of 40%. Among the most interesting bio products that can be used in energy production from different food processing industries are nut-shells and fruit stones. Some stones, such as those in olives, plums and peaches, are excellent as fuels. The advantage with olive stones, in comparison with chips is that the bulk weight is high and the moisture content is low. Olive stones are thus similar to processed biofuels such as pellets. Due to their high energy content the olive stones can replace coal, which cannot be done by unprocessed fuels without expensive investments in materials handling equipment. Our survey shows that processed forest fuels and crushed olive stones are the products of greatest interest for the Swedish market. It also shows that both chips and peat-based products from the Baltic States are competitive.

  11. "Konfettaskar" och "typografiska läckerbitar" eller funktionalistisk formgivning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Druker, Elina

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Eva Billow as picture book artist and graphic designerThe 1940’s and 50’s was a dynamic period for the Nordic picture book. There is a general aspiration to explore picture book aesthetics, a need to find imagery and expressions capturing a new era. In my article, I will discuss how these ideas are expressed in the illustrator and graphic artist Eva Billow’s picture books. Her illustration style is originated in a modernist tradition of simplicity, clarity and typographic precision. Also, an idea about books as an art form is evident through her production. Eva Billow’s production covers a wide field of graphic design, from picture books, cartoons and illustrations to book art, posters and advertisements. I will discuss Billow’s use of aesthetics that can be related to functionalist ideas and will further place this approach in a larger context in the history of Swedish graphic design. The general interest in graphic design and new printing techniques among picture book illustrators can also be seen as a part of a tendency within Nordic Modernism where the artist aspired to make arts a part of the society. But the appeal for the picture book among the young Nordic artists and authors, prior and after the Second World War, also expresses an inter-artistic tendency, where the limits between different forms of art are explored.

  12. Robust and reliable fuel cells; Robusta och tillfoerlitliga braensleceller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordlund, Joakim [Cellkraft AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-03-15

    For fuel cells to be a viable alternative for backup power in applications, where reliability is a critical factor, the reliability of fuel cells has to be high and documented. Based on intrinsic properties of fuel cells, it is safe to argue that it is possible to make them highly reliable, but to unleash the full reliability potential of fuel cells, some great engineering work has to be performed. Cellkraft has since many years been addressing this issue and this project is an important piece of this puzzle. The project included both a large number of laboratory testing of fuel cells and long experiments in field environment to verify the results from the laboratory work. The development work performed within this project is a solid base for the continuous work to fulfil Cellkraft's own, tough, technical reliability targets. The project targets below were achieved within this project: 1. The fuel cell start with 100 % reliability. 2. The fuel cell provides nominal power within 30 seconds in 100 % of the cases. 3. The fuel cell keeps providing nominal power as long as there is a demand in 100 % of the cases. 4. No cell in the fuel cell deviates from the mean cell potential with more than 0,1 V at full power.

  13. Föräldrars kunskaper om kost och karies

    OpenAIRE

    Hamiti, Edona; Weinås, Ingrid

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate parents' knowledge about diet and dental caries. The survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire consisting of 19 questions regarding knowledge of diet and caries, and preventive measures. The questionnaires were distributed to parents who were visiting a dental hygienist or prophylaxis nurse with their children aged 0-3 years. A total of 88 completed surveys were collected. The study showed that the majority of the parents had knowledge ...

  14. Naturkunskapens sexualitets- och relationsundervisning analyserad ur ett heteronormativitetsperspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ylwa Li Hast

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Title: Teaching about sexuality and relation within science education analysed from the perspective of heteronormativityIn Sweden, a new subject syllabus for Science Studies (Naturkunskap in upper secondary school was introduced in 2011. In this syllabus knowledge about norms concerning sexualities and relations was brought to the fore as a core content. The aim of this paper is to explore how norms concerning sexuality guide the teaching, through a case study where three upper secondary school teachers were observed and their teaching was analysed from the perspective of companion meanings. All three observed teachers did teach about homosexuality, bisexuality, and transgender identities, often using genetics or evolution as their explanatory model. The teaching most often assumed that all students in the class were heterosexual, positioning LGBT-people as the Other, and did at no times take power perspectives into account.

  15. Utbildning – mellan individ, nation och samhälle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carsten Ljunggren

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Education – between the individual, the nation and the society. In this lecture I dwell on the question of how different forms of national identity affect the education of young citizens. Although this significant contemporary problem is by no means new in the history of education it has become increasingly evident during the 21st century. Starting with a brief picture of a downward trend for a multicultural policy I argue that the increasing focus on national identity, when related to education, is about individual and collective self-consciousness – a consciousness that is further characterized in terms of citizenship education. By referring to Jürgen Habermas’ thesis of a public sphere and nationality; John Dewey’s focus on the meaning of democracy; Hannah Arendt’s highlighting of the authentic person taking place in the public sphere, and to Richard Rorty’s emphasis on contingency as an ontological condition of the individual and society, I discuss the principles for a citizenship education that treats nationality as a political claim, rather than an ethno-cultural fact. I do this in terms of an expressive agonism.

  16. Utvärdering av aktuella rehabiliteringsinsatser. Problem och metodval

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forsberg, B; Diderichsen, Finn

    1993-01-01

    the difficulties involved in assessing the impact of such political measures, when at the same time the chances of people being able to return to work after extended sick leave are reduced owing to the recession. An evaluation model is presented which, in addition to variables related to monetary savings...... to the community, incorporates indicators capable of identifying gains due to a rehabilitation programme that are important determinants of the changes of target groups returning to a productive and meaningful life....

  17. Utbildningens villkor – globalisering och lokal mångfald

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ninni Wahlström

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The conditions of education – globalization and local plurality. Taking some of my previous research as a point of departure, in this inaugural lecture I want to formulate a conception of education that reflects some principles that are specific for the period starting with the Educational Reform 1991. With gradual displacements this reform is still going on. Through an analysis of three different arenas within a framework of curriculum theory; the society arena, the governing- and curricula arena, and the arena of the local school and classroom, it is possible to characterize these arenas in terms of internationalization, management by demand and control, and individual choice. It may be argued that this is a new conception of education; a denationalized – instrumental conception. The national education arena becomes denationalized in two ways: globally there is an increasing influence by transnational organizations (and corporations; and locally, the privatization of schools has been extensive. The conception is instrumental in its basic assumption that there is a fairly simple connection between clearly expresseddemands and the productivity of the school.

  18. Dialog, olikhet och globalisering. En intervju med Nicholas Burbules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klas Roth

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available DIALOGUE, DIFFERENCE AND GLOBALIZATION. In this interview Associate Profes-sor Klas Roth talks with Nicholas Burbules, Grayce Wicall Gauthier Pro-fessor in the Department of Educational Policy Studies, College of Educa-tion, Illinois University, USA, about the value and importance of philoso-phy of education for education in general and teachers in particular, aswell as the barriers to philosophical reflection in schools. They also talkabout issues of difference, globalization, and dialogue in times of transi-tion, and especially about Burbules’s own writing and thinking on theseissues. In particular Professor Burbules puts forward his ideas on thetragic sense of education, which he says is probably the most importantperspective for him in his work on education and related issues.

  19. The heat market and the large customers; Vaermemarknaden och storkunderna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maardsjoe, Olle

    2007-12-28

    This report focuses on the cost of heating in multiple-occupancy buildings, commercial premises and industrial premises. A summary has been created of the development of heating, primarily in the 2000s, for as long as statistics are available (essentially 2004). Total heating has seen a reduction over the period as regards both total usage and specifically in kWh/sq. m. District heating, on the other hand, has seen an increase in total turnover, now accounting for around two-thirds of demand - or about 42 TWh - as well. The increase in district heating has come about partly as a result of property renovation and people exchanging their sources of heating. A reduction in oil consumption has been the primary cause of this transition. There has also been a slight increase in the number of heat pumps in use. In total, heat pumps account for a small proportion of the heating of the properties in question. Heating costs account for a large proportion of operating expenses for property owners, in fact up to 40-50 percent of ongoing operating expenses. Reducing the cost of heating is very important, as this directly affects the property owners' bottom lines. Contractors are offering services to help property owners to optimise their energy-saving measures. The price of district heating, where this is available, is being used as a basis. This is why the structure of the price of district heating affects what measures are implemented. In price constructions with too high a flexible element, there is plenty of incentive to make savings on energy. District heating suppliers' coverage of set costs is reduced once the measures to ensure savings have been implemented, and so they have to increase their prices retrospectively. In price constructions with a high set element, there is little incentive to make savings, with a subsequent increase in demand for heating in extreme cases. District heating suppliers can be forced to make investments in both generation and distribution systems and will be forced to charge higher prices in order to cover the increase in set costs. All in all, the composition of the price of district heating constitutes a business risk as it affects the long-term behaviour of customers. In addition to this, there are also risks due to the weather, fuel prices, the cost of finance, etc. Competition model and skills balance sheets are used as a basis for discussion of how property owners can organise and implement energy and cost savings. The criteria differ for smaller and larger property owners. The smaller ones are unable to maintain their own skills base; instead, they have to buy in skills for both analysis and implementation. Their skills as regards buying these services may be limited. The odds are against property owners with not much in the way of resources, and they would benefit greatly from having assistance and support to help them work effectively. Conditions are better for major property owners. They can either build up organisations of their own or acquire external assistance by professional means. Their larger property stock allows them to implement benchmarking between various initiatives and make the most of the results. District heating companies should have every opportunity to help property owners make savings on energy. As long as the price of district heating is correct in terms of cost with regard to the cost of generation, and as long as the company's profit margin is covered mainly by the set element of the price, district heating suppliers do not need to suffer financial harm on account of energy savings. Using the skills available among contractors, using energy savings as a business concept, district heating companies can add even more value for property owners. Furthermore, this will also make it easier to increase utilisation of distribution networks and reduce generation costs. The competitiveness of district heating companies on the heating market can be enhanced by means of more active customer work with a view to reducing costs for customers.

  20. Läkemedelsinteraktioner inom medicinsk onkologi och hematologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergmann, Troels Korshøj

    2010-01-01

    Kittelhåndbog for onkologer og hæmatologer i Sverige (oversættelse af Dansk udgave) Håndteringen af lægemiddelinteraktioner i klinisk praksis er vanskelig. Patienternes kliniske udtryk er præget af broget mangfoldighed og evidensniveauet for flertallet af interaktioner begrænser sig ofte til kasu...

  1. Innovation and Safety. A prestudy; Innovation och saekerhet. En foerstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rollenhagen, Carl; Hansson, Sven Ove; Hortberg, Johan; Jakobsson, Fredrik; Zhau, Victoria Jing; Mojeri, Sara

    2010-04-15

    The project summarized in this report was initiated to explore relations between innovation and safety. The first two sections of the report discuss some previously conducted research and give a general background to the subject. It is concluded that safety research and innovation research, by and large, has developed as separate academic disciplines. The concepts of 'innovative safety culture' and 'safe innovation cultures' are suggested as two concepts that can be used to integrate research: innovative safety cultures depart from safety culture research but attempts to introduce an innovative dimension with the aim to create adaptive and innovative safety cultures that efficiently can handle risks arising from existing innovations. Safe innovation cultures have focus on innovation itself, but with the ambition to introduce concepts and methods from safety research in the innovative processes. Three subprojects conducted in the context of the present research are summarized. The first project examines how an existing organization (e.g. SKB - Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management) attempts to integrate both innovative activities and operative activities in the same organisation. Interviews with key personnel explored different views about how innovative and safety work coexists in the organisation. The second project focuses on how major retrofit projects of a nuclear power plant is managed in parallel to operative activities (e.g. operating the plant on an everyday basis). By means of an innovative technique (e.g. system groups) seminars were held to suggest improvements in the technical change process. The third project conducted a risk analysis of a major organisational change (e.g. control centres for energy distribution). Experiences from the three projects are finally discussed in terms of similarities and differences associated with the cultures for innovation and safety. Suggestions for further research are made

  2. Chernobyl and our health. Tjernobyl och vaar haelsa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ragnarsson, P; Larsson, B; Johansson, K J; Walinder, G; Barnaby, F; Sjoeberg, L

    1986-01-01

    The health impacts in Sweden of the Chernobyl accident are discussed in this booklet. Five experts of different relevant fields (biology, radioecology, nuclear physics and psychology) give their views on probable radiation doses and health effects from these doses, contamination of food chains etc. (L.E.).

  3. Current and future sustainable biofuels; Dagens och framtidens haallbara biodrivmedel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boerjesson, Paal [Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Lundgren, Joakim [Luleaa Univ. of Technology Bio4Energy, Luleaa (Sweden); Ahlgren, Serina [Sveriges Lantbruksuniv., Uppsala (Sweden)

    2013-07-01

    This report has been prepared as a background paper for the government study of Fossil-Free Vehicle traffic (FFF investigation). The purpose of this study is to describe and summarize the current knowledge on the production of biofuels and linkages to sustainability issues such as energy and land efficiency, GHG performance and costs. The report includes both existing and future fuel systems under development and based on different raw materials and production processes. The study has primarily a Swedish perspective, but with international outlooks. The report's analysis of energy efficiency, GHG performance and production costs are based on system analysis and a life-cycle perspective. The focus is on the production chain up to produced fuel (well-to-tank). Results are based on current research and production chains and is based primarily on standardized LCA and for some systems also on industrial systems analysis.

  4. Current and future sustainable biofuels; Dagens och framtidens haallbara biodrivmedel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boerjesson, Paal [Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Lundgren, Joakim [Luleaa Tekniska Univ., Luleaa (Sweden); Ahlgren, Serina [Sveriges Lantbruksuniv., Uppsala (Sweden); Nystroem, Ingrid [Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels, Goeteborg (Sweden); CIT Industriell Energi., Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2013-09-01

    This report has been prepared as a background paper for the state investigation 'Fossil Free Vehicle Traffic'. The purpose of this study is to describe and summarize the current knowledge on production of biofuels and linkages to sustainability issues such as energy and land efficiency, GHG performance and costs. The report includes both existing and future fuel systems under development and based on different raw materials and production processes. The study has primarily a Swedish perspective, but with international views. The report includes both existing and future fuel systems under development, and based on different raw materials and production processes. The study has primarily a Swedish perspective, but with international views. The report's analysis of energy efficiency, greenhouse gas performance and production costs is based on system analysis and a life-cycle perspective. The focus is on the production chain to the produced fuel (well-to-tank). Results are based on current research and commercial development of the respective chains. They are based primarily from standardized life cycle analysis and, in some production systems, also on industrial systems analysis. These two approaches have some differences in methodology, which are highlighted in the report. In the overview values and results have been compiled to make it possible to compare the results.

  5. Current and future sustainable biofuels; Dagens och framtidens haallbara biodrivmedel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boerjesson, Paal [Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Lundgren, Joakim [Luleaa Univ. of Technology Bio4Energy, Luleaa (Sweden); Ahlgren, Serina [Sveriges Lantbruksuniv., Uppsala (Sweden)

    2013-07-01

    This report has been prepared as a background paper for the government study of Fossil-Free Vehicle traffic (FFF investigation). The purpose of this study is to describe and summarize the current knowledge on the production of biofuels and linkages to sustainability issues such as energy and land efficiency, GHG performance and costs. The report includes both existing and future fuel systems under development and based on different raw materials and production processes. The study has primarily a Swedish perspective, but with international outlooks. The report's analysis of energy efficiency, GHG performance and production costs are based on system analysis and a life-cycle perspective. The focus is on the production chain up to produced fuel (well-to-tank). Results are based on current research and production chains and is based primarily on standardized LCA and for some systems also on industrial systems analysis.

  6. Current and future sustainable biofuels; Dagens och framtidens haallbara biodrivmedel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boerjesson, Paal [Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Lundgren, Joakim [Luleaa Tekniska Univ., Luleaa (Sweden); Ahlgren, Serina [Sveriges Lantbruksuniv., Uppsala (Sweden); Nystroem, Ingrid [Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels, Goeteborg (Sweden); CIT Industriell Energi., Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2013-09-01

    This report has been prepared as a background paper for the state investigation 'Fossil Free Vehicle Traffic'. The purpose of this study is to describe and summarize the current knowledge on production of biofuels and linkages to sustainability issues such as energy and land efficiency, GHG performance and costs. The report includes both existing and future fuel systems under development and based on different raw materials and production processes. The study has primarily a Swedish perspective, but with international views. The report includes both existing and future fuel systems under development, and based on different raw materials and production processes. The study has primarily a Swedish perspective, but with international views. The report's analysis of energy efficiency, greenhouse gas performance and production costs is based on system analysis and a life-cycle perspective. The focus is on the production chain to the produced fuel (well-to-tank). Results are based on current research and commercial development of the respective chains. They are based primarily from standardized life cycle analysis and, in some production systems, also on industrial systems analysis. These two approaches have some differences in methodology, which are highlighted in the report. In the overview values and results have been compiled to make it possible to compare the results.

  7. Water and steam sampling systems; Provtagningssystem foer vatten och aanga

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hellman, Mats

    2009-10-15

    The supervision of cycle chemistry can be divided into two parts, the sampling system and the chemical analysis. In modern steam generating plants most of the chemical analyses are carried out on-line. The detection limits of these analyzers are pushed downward to the ppt-range (parts per trillion), however the analyses are not more correct than the accuracy of the sampling system. A lot of attention has been put to the analyzers and the statistics to interpret the results but the sampling procedures has gained much less attention. This report aims to give guidance of the considerations to be made regarding sampling systems. Sampling is necessary since most analysis of interesting parameters cannot be carried out in- situ on-line in the steam cycle. Today's on-line instruments for pH, conductivity, silica etc. are designed to meet a water sample at a temperature of 10-30 deg C. This means that the sampling system has to extract a representative sample from the process, transport and cool it down to room temperature without changing the characteristics of the fluid. In the literature research work, standards and other reports can be found. Although giving similar recommendations in most aspects there are some discrepancies that may be confusing. This report covers all parts in the sampling system: Sample points and nozzles; Sample lines; Valves, regulating and on-off; Sample coolers; Temperature, pressure and flow rate control; Cooling water; and Water recovery. On-line analyzers connecting to the sampling system are not covered. This report aims to clarify what guidelines are most appropriate amongst the existing ones. The report should also give guidance to the design of the sampling system in order to achieve representative samples. In addition to this the report gives an overview of the fluid mechanics involved in sampling. The target group of this report is owners and operators of steam generators, vendors of power plant equipment, consultants working in Sweden that come in contact or are involved in cycle chemistry

  8. Boiler system lay-up; Avstaellning och konservering av pannanlaeggningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hellman, Mats

    2007-04-15

    Corrosion in power plant equipment is to a large extent a result of poor lay-up procedures. This applies for all equipment on the water and steam side e.g. condensers, boilers, turbines, heat exchangers etc. In theory, lay-up procedures are quite straightforward. The main objective is to avoid a combination of water and oxygen on the steel surfaces within the system. When using dry lay-up procedure, a totally dry environment is essential. The corrosion of steel cannot take place if there is no humidity; in spite of the abundance of oxygen i.e. air. As an alternative the steam side system can be purged with nitrogen so that no air ingress can take place. When using wet lay-up procedures it is important to achieve an oxygen free environment. Creating a slight over-pressure thus avoiding air in leakage can achieve this. Oxygen scavengers might be used as an alternative. Usually problems of maintaining the above mentioned conditions are rarely of technical art. More likely it is due to a lack of knowledge and commitment or short sighted economical considerations. This report summarises the experiences gathered at several visits at plants and discussions with vendors, users and consultants in the power industry. In addition to that, guidelines from well-reputed organisations, international and domestic, have been studied. In many cases the power plant managers believe they have proper lay-up routines but often the routines just regard long time lay-up. This may be regarded as the most important case. However, a number of shorter plant outages in combination with poor lay-up routines can result in severe damages. There is a consensus that a proper lay-up can only be achieved by plant specific lay-up procedures. Each unit is unique in terms of needs and requirements. In order to have as low corrosion as possible a systematic review to evaluate and revise lay-up procedures is preferred. A high in-house knowledge of the power plant enhances the possibility to maintain the equipment in good condition. Lay-up control is an important part of the life extension of the plant. In the literature there are many guidelines regarding lay-up procedures. However an overall scheme that applies to all kind of boilers will either become very complex or too superficial to be user friendly. The objective of this report is to give information and know-how of current lay-up practices. Furthermore the report describes the considerations to be taken when designing a plant specific guideline for lay-up.

  9. Folkbildning i (avkoloniseringens skugga Demokrati, nationella mytologier och solidaritetens paradoxer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Dahlstedt

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Popular adult education in the shadows of (decolonialization.In Sweden and among Swedish popular movements, there has long been agreat willingness to share experiences from establishing the “Swedish model” of welfare and democracy with countries in other parts of the world. In this sharing of experience, popular adult education has played an important role. Over the years, there have also been several attempts to spread the “Swedish model” of education of this kind, i.e. study circles and folk high schools.Here, we analyse a large-scale project to establish Folk Development Colleges (FDCs in Tanzania in the 1970s and 1980s, focusing on the ways in which Swedish popular adult educators have described the project. In theoretical terms, the article is based on a postcolonial framework, highlighting the continuing importance of the legacies of colonialism in today’s society. One of the main conclusions drawn is that, in the process of “exporting” the ideaof popular adult education around the world, there is an ongoing formation of national self-images in contrast to images of “the Other”, involving a constant risk of reproducing ideas from a colonial past.

  10. Strategies for rationalisation and safety; Rationaliseringsstrategier och saekerhet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lundqvist, Karin [Castor Analys AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2001-09-01

    The electricity sector is undergoing an extensive restructuring due to deregulation. This presents a challenge not only to the power industry but also to the regulatory agencies. In order to assess safety conditions the authorities have to be one step ahead. The aim of this report is to show in what way enterprises and organizations are transformed due to new business strategies in the 'network society'. Experiences of industrial downsizing and rationalisation in the late nineties are also analysed in order to serve as a framework for the personnel of nuclear power plants when reflecting over their own change process. Temporary employment and project work is spreading. The world of work is becoming more flexible and individualised and the traditional carrier- and employment pattern is eroding. Process orientation is the common denominator of the rationalisation process in enterprises. The main aim is to fasten the business cycles by eliminating unnecessary loops and turns. The processes are flowing horizontally; i.e. straight across the functions. Enterprises are integrated systems, which demand a synchronised change of all steering variables, of which important ones are business strategy, economic- and performance measures, organization, competence, reward systems, leadership style, culture and values. Contradictions and conflicts between those will counteract sustainable changes and be a threat to safety. The change process will be complex and put high demands on organization, management and participation of the staff. The concept of 'lean production' seams to have been interpreted by many managers as if the workforce and not the organization ought to be slimmed. Organisations have in many cases been heavily downsized with the result of negative consequences like undermanning and stress. Undermanning creates reactive actions. Developmental work is neglected when there is a strong time pressure and the organizational learning vanishes. Suboptimization enforces a special kind of behaviour, as an individual one perceive the situation as highly dependent on the one's own activities. In practice process orientation in many cases only seems to mean continuous improvements of routines. A serious shortcoming in the model is the lack of organizational analysis and development. Decades of research have given us deep knowledge about the relations between work organization, leadership, human development and health. One can ask why this knowledge has not been applied. During periods of change it is common that the organisation's driving force is lost. The whole business will be negatively affected if the change process isn't managed in a proper way. The organizational change process differs from the technical. In order to changes their attitudes, values, competence and ways of working, the staff must be mobilized and willing to participate in all steps of the process. The transformation from functional to process-oriented forms of organisations has in practise turned out to be problematic. Few corporations have managed to break with the functional organisation but an evolution of power from the functional units to process-owners and projects can be observed. In this field of tension conflicts concerning power and resources are arising. Lack of resources and authority restrains flexibility and causes frustrations among the staff. To be able to quickly adjust to changing conditions there must be direct connections between working teams and units. Vertical co-ordination is a barrier to networking and direct communication between units. Creating those connections and bridges between units is a new and important task for middle managers. Most performance measures are still adjusted to the functional organization Rigid systems of economy and performance measures are hindering the transformation to horizontal 'network' organizations. With the process in focus, control systems and performance measures must capture the integrative whole and not the performance of isolated units. It is not unusual that contradictory measurement systems are used at the same time. Systems of reward are important steering instruments and will have to be adjusted to the new conditions. Not only salaries and wages are include here, but also corporate climate and leadership style. When the environment becomes more unpredictable goals, visions, culture and values become more important as steering means. When outsourcing functions enterprises have to act as 'intelligent customers', which means that they must have resources to review and assess the competence and activities of contractors. A number of events have recently occurred where contractors have been involved showing that their knowledge of safety has been inadequate. The main question is what shall be considered as core competencies of the licensee and accordingly be kept in-house. When organisations are streamlined there are increased risks of slack and redundancy.(abstract truncated)

  11. Gasification - Status and Technology; Foergasning - Status och teknik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Held, Joergen

    2011-07-15

    In this report gasification and gas cleaning techniques for biomass are treated. The main reason for gasifying biomass is to refine the fuel to make it suitable for efficient CHP production, as vehicle fuel or in industrial processes. The focus is on production of synthesis gas that can be used for production of vehicle fuel and for CHP production. Depending on application different types of gasifiers, gasification techniques and process parameters are of interest. Two gasification techniques have been identified as suitable for syngas generation, mainly due to the fact that they allow the production of a nitrogen free gas out of the gasifier; Indirect atmospheric gasification and Pressurized oxygen blown gasification For CHP production there are no restrictions on the gas composition in terms of nitrogen and here air-blown gasification is of interest as well. The main challenge when it comes to gas cleaning is related to sulphur and tars. There are different concepts and alternatives to handle sulphur and tars. Some of them is based on conventional techniques with well-proven components that are commercially available while others more advantageous solutions, still need further development. The report deals to a minor extent with the conversion of syngas to synthetic fuels. The ongoing research and development of gasification techniques is extensive, both on national and international level. Although many process concepts and components have been demonstrated, there is still no full-scale plant for the production of synthetic fuels based on biomass. Factors affecting the choice of technology are plant size, operating conditions, the possibility for process integration, access to feedstock, market aspects, incentives and economic instruments et cetera. Increased competition for biofuels will inevitably lead to higher raw material costs. This in turn means that the fuel chains with high efficiency, such as biomethane through gasification and methanation, are favored. The lower the investment cost, the lower the financial risk. This implies that techniques that are relatively cost-effective in the smaller scale, may benefit initially. As the technology develops and experience is built up the plant size will increase.

  12. Damages and methods for reparation; Hydropower structures; Skador och reparationsmetoder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandstroem, Tomas

    2008-10-15

    As the focus of the Swedish Hydropower Industry shifted from the developing phase of the 20th century to the present phase of managing and maintenance of the hydropower plants and the adherent structures knowledge regarding issues concerning repair work and degradation processes of concrete has become truly important. Hydropower structures are submitted to live loads (for example caused by ice, water, snow and wind) and physical attacks such as Freeze/thaw, leaching and erosion (abrasion and cavitation). Hydropower structures are also submitted to chemical and electro chemical attacks like ASR and corrosion of the reinforcement bars. All of the mentioned processes have a negative affect on concrete structures service life. As it is today the Hydropower Industry possesses a rather high degree of knowledge concerning principal repair and strengthening techniques like shotcreting and grouting. The purpose of this report is (1) to point out the Swedish Hydropower Industry's need for extensive knowledge regarding overlays and toppings and (2) the potential advantages of overlays and toppings as repair techniques with respect to hydropower environments and the corresponding degradation processes acting on those structures. The performance of repairing a concrete structure using overlays or toppings is principally executed by the removal (totally or partially) of the damaged concrete surface, afterwards a new concrete overlay or topping is applied. The overlay must be able to withstand the live loads and the physical, chemical and electro-chemical attacks that are acting on the structure. The overlay is also required to co-operate with, and protect, the host material for a very long time. This report deals with the most common types of physical and chemical processes that are acting in Hydropower environments and the damages that they are causing concrete structures. Some of the common principal repair techniques that can be used when repairing the damaged concrete structures are also presented in this report. The input used for establishing the most common types of damage are taken from studies made in the USA and Sweden as well as from the literature and from observations made at some Swedish hydropower plants. In conclusion, the following can be said about the need of overlays in regard to Hydropower applications and about the deteriorating processes acting in those environments: The bulk of the damages that occur on the concrete structures can be derived to the environment and the physical and chemical attacks caused by it. The deterioration of concrete structures are therefore more likely to occur due to the environmental affects than due to extensive live loads caused by ice, wind, water, snow etc. Overlays and/toppings are repair techniques that are adequate for repairing most of the damages that occur on concrete structures in Hydropower environments. The performance of the repair work as well as the determination of the composition of the repair mortar or concrete can sometimes be difficult tasks to undertake, often due to the environment (location of the damage and the underlying cause of damage). The continuing work regarding overlays and toppings for Hydropower environments should focus on long-term properties and affects with regards to the whole repair work (including the repair material, the host material and the transition zone). The conclusions above show that there are a rather high potential good with the pursuing of an extensive knowledge in this area

  13. Influence map baserad Ms. Pac-Man och Ghost Kontroller

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Johan

    2012-01-01

    This thesis will cover the use oftheinfluence map technique applied to the retro game Ms. Pac-Man. A game thatis easy to learn but hard to master. The Ms. Pac-Man controller is implemented with five main parameters that alters the behaviour of the controller while the Ghost controller have three parameters. The experimental results of the controllers is explored to using the alterations of the parameters to find its peak of performance. The conclusion from using the influence map for this gam...

  14. w; 1ch tum 1qto~ochesJ' !aye

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    encourage the development of language skills. Working on a specific ... important step in helping children to find the words they need to ... and to describe it. (See Figure 1). The children were encouraged to note anything of interest about their tree e.g. fruit, pods, flowers, insect and other life as well as possible uses. A walk.

  15. Mobila och semi-mobila slakterier som alternativa slaktsystem

    OpenAIRE

    Hedberg, Eva; Gebresenbet, Girma

    1999-01-01

    Mobile and semi-mobile abattoirs, in which animals can be slaughtered on the farm or near the farm, could be an alternative slaughtersystem to the conventional one. This alternative is aimed to minimize stress induced by handling and transport activities on animals prior to slaughtering, and thereby attenuate the risks for reduced meat quality. More over, minimized transport could lead to reduction of environmental degradation imposed by emissions generated from vehicles. The objective of the...

  16. Manlighet, mod och moral: Amanda Kerfstedts Carl Bergs skoltid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersson, Maria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Amanda Kerfstedt’s ”Carl Bergs skoltid” describes a boy’s journey to manhood in late 19th century Sweden. This article pertains that the text contrasts an ideal of masculinity based on physical strength with an ideal emphasizing morality. Although a true man, as described in the story, is expected to be strong as well as righteous, the moral component is the most important. The text shows that courage and force, which are not checked by a sense of ethics, may turn into brutality and abuse of power. Different types of masculinity are compared in ”Carl Bergs skoltid” but masculinity is also defined in relation to ideas about femininity. The association with women is utilized to stress a lack of courage in men as well as to redefine a masculine ideal that has focused too much on physical prowess instead of strength of character.

  17. Manure digestate recycling - Technologies and manufacturers; Biogoedselfoeraedling - Tekniker och leverantoerer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlberg, Carl (SWECO Environment AB (Sweden))

    2010-11-15

    Today, several biogas plants are planned. Some are large-scale or in localizations that means a long distance to croplands. The digestate indeed contain phosphorus and nitrogen but above all large quantities of water, which makes it tempting to try to refine the product. Low concentration of nutrients in the digestate means that the theoretically possible value is low which sets high demand on resource consumption of the processes to be used. In this report you can find ammonia stripping, evaporation, ultra filter + reverse osmosis and struvite precipitation, but there might be other methods. None of these methods will generate a profit, but are dependent of that the alternative, handling of not dewatered digestate, for some reason (e.g. transport distance) is to expensive. Dewatering of digestate followed by reject water treatment with aim to transform the ammonia and organic nitrogen to airborne nitrogen (disposal) has not been discussed in this report. In this project, visits have been made to three full scale plants and one pilot plant. The techniques on these plants have been ammonia stripping to ammonium sulphate, ammonia stripping to ammonia nitrate, ultra filter + reverse osmosis and struvite precipitation (pilot plant). Any appropriate plant where evaporation with developed energy recovery is used has not been found. Both plants with ammonia stripping work satisfying as well as the struvite precipitation plant. Struvite precipitation should be seen as a way to separate the phosphate from the reject water. Ultra filter + Reverse Osmosis are a functioning technique, but the concentrate was too dilute to be possible to transport any longer distance at the current facility

  18. Organizational change. Success factors and risks; Foeraendringsarbete. Framgaangsfaktorer och risker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lundqvist, K. [Castor Analys AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2002-01-01

    The electricity sector is undergoing a restructuring due to deregulation. This might present a challenge to safety. Safety issues cannot be separated from organizational issues. They must be an integral part of the change process from the very beginning. This overview is based on a study of recent literature about organizational development and change management in general. The 'multi standard' organizations of today are no consistent creations, but conglomerates of loosely coupled units. This form of organization has developed during the latest 30-40 years and is also called a 'network organization'. Relatively autonomous groups of actors are identifying themselves with the same type of groups in other organizations and they meet on external scenes of development. They are for instance human resource experts, managers on different levels, safety delegates, quality experts, engineers and economists. The expansion of the network enterprise also means a closer interaction with suppliers and customers. Impulses of change are reaching the organization from many angles and this creates plenty of imbalances and tensions. The traditional view that changes are initiated and steered top - down is challenged. The organizations of today are difficult to change in a planned way due to the influence of those powerful forces. The organizational behavior is not so 'rational' as could be expected. A strong, but often neglected force, is the social or symbolic environment of an organization. The organizational identity is formed in relation to other significant organizations and actors. The search for identity is a powerful driving force. Norms and conventions are influencing how a company shall be organized at a certain period of time. Several organizational models and concepts, often of American origin, have been replacing each other's during recent years. Marketing, fashion and actions of significant others are also influencing the behavior of organizations. Inherent of the 'programmatic' change strategy is that changes can be planned and implemented in detail. This strategy can work under conditions that are clearly defined and demarcated, but are less useful when people are to be mobilized and when attitudes, values and ways of working are to be changed. An alternative approach is the 'learning strategy', in which the participation of those concerned is essential. The idea is that learning and shared control of the situation will be developed through dialogues and common activities. When the total organization is to be restructured a strategy for dealing with several parallel change processes is needed. Creating developmental networks is a new strategy based on cooperation between companies. Networks can also be formed within a 'loosely coupled' enterprise. The network strategy is built on cooperation between several self-steering units, which gives the possibility to work with change processes in several units at the same time. This will have several advantages. The change process will be speeded up, a more informal and situational way of working is possible, and development and spreading can be made in parallel. The point of departure of a planned change process is to create a vision of the future. This vision will then steer the change work. For change to come trough every one involved has to understand the reasons for change and share the vision. The first step is to get everybody to understand the motives for change. The implementation will then be a joint realization of the vision. The change process is ideally driven by a 'learning' way of working, which means formulating stepwise, measurable goals, developing of solutions, making up and continuously monitoring action plans, and reflecting over the results. By trying and reflecting the organization will be altered. Of utmost importance for a new identity to be formed is the staff's participation and their possibilities of personal development. The phases of the change process are in practice iterative, they will be repeated when formulating stepwise goals, making action plans implementing, monitoring and reflecting over what has been achieved. This will develop organizational change competence. The phases are over-lapping. Not only one, but several processes are going on in different phases. The on-going change processes have to be coordinated and synchronized. The safety issues cannot be separated from other organizational issues. All organizational changes have to be synchronized. Issues of competence and staffing have to be continuously analyzed. The motivation of the staff will be effected in the beginning of a change process. Participation is a key to success. The work organization must be continuously developed. 'Just in time'- thinking can be in conflict with 'just in case'- thinking in high-risk environments. Under manning. Temporary staff. Outsourcing. (abstract truncated)

  19. Heating and cooling distribution in residential and non-residential premises; Distribution av kyla och vaerme i bostaeder och lokaler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jardeby, Aasa; Soleimani-Mohseni, Mohsen; Axell, Monica

    2009-08-15

    The building sector accounts for approximately 40% of energy use in Europe, and about the same ratio applies to Sweden. Distribution systems for heating and cooling are an important part of the building's heating and cooling systems. The desired indoor climate can not be achieved without a properly sized distribution system. The aim of this report is to highlight the opportunities for energy efficiency with a properly designed distribution system by identifying and comparing different system solutions for the distribution of heating and cooling in residential and non-residential premises. The report presents which affect various factors have on the system as a whole, such as media selection, sizing of the piping system, heat transfer surface and regulation and control strategies. It also gives a picture of the possibilities and limitations of different needs and requirements of indoor environment (such as requirements for the thermal environment, air quality, noise, space, etc.). By having a systems perspective at the heating and/or cooling, energy efficiency is achieved. There are possibilities of big gains with a systems approach, since the choices made in designing a distribution system, affects many other parts of the system and there is a risk of poor optimization. A first step in reducing the energy use is to reduce the cooling and heating loads in the building. A heating and cooling systems should be designed properly so as not to consume excessive energy. There are other strategies to reduce energy consumption, e.g. by allowing more variations in temperature. However, it is important that it is not at the expense of the needs and requirements of the building. If the building has a cooling requirement that can be covered by the air flow required for ventilation it is recommended to provide under tempered air. In addition, the air can be cooled by free cooling from outside over large parts of the year. If the building has greater cooling requirements hydronic cooling is recommended since water has a higher specific heat capacity and is able to handle large heat surplus. Constant flow systems (for both air and water) will help the regulation and the design of the system, but typically entail higher energy. By allowing variable flow, pump and fan energy can be saved both because of a lower flow but also by fewer valves which introduces pressure drops. Introducing capacity controlled pumps and fans leads to better part load conditions but also that the flow does not need to be throttled and thus reducing pressure drops and the work of the system. It is also possible to choose a decentralized system that saves energy because pumps and fans do not need to be dimensioned for the total pressure drop in the system. However, it should be ensured that the additional units will not cause unacceptable sound levels. Another way to save operating energy is to replace older pumps and fans with newer with better efficiencies. In the selection of heat and/or cooling transfer devices one should take into account the requirements that they impose on the supply water temperatures. A larger transfer area leads to lower supply water temperatures in the case of heating and higher in the case of cooling. These changes in temperature lead to that certain production of heat and cold can be used with higher efficiency, such as solar heating and heat pumps. Apart from this example the design of the distribution system gives different degrees of freedom in the selection of production units. Air systems can, for example make greater use of free cooling. Variable flow systems provide greater temperature differences which is beneficial for various production techniques

  20. Presence and effects of copper in water and soil; Upptraedande och effekter av koppar i vatten och mark

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sternbeck, J.

    2000-01-01

    Copper is one of the most common metals in society. Although Cu is essential to all forms of life, high exposure can lead to toxic effects. It is difficult to assess the risk for eco toxicological effects to appear in a certain situation, because Cu is largely present in chemical species with low bioavailability. In this report it is analysed how the bioavailability of Cu is regulated in natural environments, and how different organism groups may be affected bu Cu. Significant emission sources and exposure pathways are briefly described. It appears that the relationship between concentration and bioavailability is highly dynamic in natural environments. Relatively moderate increases of total-Cu can lead to strongly increasing bioavailability. The ability to control Cu intracellularly differs between different organism groups. This brings about that the sensitivity toward Cu differs widely between different organism groups.

  1. Bioenergy: Resource efficiency and contributions to energy- and climate policy objectives; Bioenergi: Resurseffektivitet och bidrag till energi- och klimatpolitiska maal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berndes, Goeran; Karlsson, Sten [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden). Div. of Physical Resource Theory; Boerjesson, Paal; Rosenqvist, Haakan [Lund Univ., Lund (Sweden). Environmental and Energy Systems Studies

    2008-09-15

    Increasing the use of bioenergy in place of fossil fuels is motivated by a number of energy policy goals. Individual bioenergy systems must be evaluated relative to a particular goal or set of goals. Depending on which specific political goal that is in focus, the attractiveness of different bioenergy systems can vary in relation to even broad objectives such as the resource-efficient use of agricultural and forest land. Furthermore, the outcome of a specific evaluation is sensitive to explicit as well as implicit assumptions and choices regarding, e.g., definition of system boundaries, economic conditions, implementation of policies, byproduct markets, and establishment of new technologies. Several biofuels production chains generate byproducts of value. Energy balance calculations are greatly influenced by how such byproducts are taken into account. Often, the most important factor underlying different results from different energy balance studies is a difference in analytic assumptions, for instance in allocation methods and system borders. Different studies can only be accurately compared if they are based on comparable analytic assumptions. Which methods are justified in a given energy balance study is determined by the current conditions for the specific bioenergy system under analysis. In the future, bioenergy systems may increasingly consist of various generation combinations wherein liquid biofuels may for instance be co-generated with power, heat, and solid biofuels, etc. from a mix of raw biomass. The driving factors are the synergies available with the higher total energy efficiency and resources efficiency obtained by combined approaches, compared to when the energy carriers are produced on their own. These solutions imply that if there is a market for the other energy carriers, and the total net system exchange is high, a lower net value for liquid fuels may be acceptable. The climate efficiency of a bioenergy system also depends on its impact on greenhouse gas emissions other than carbon dioxide, for instance nitrous oxide and methane. In some cases, a bioenergy system may reduce certain greenhouse gas emissions such as methane. One example of this is biogas produced from manure. A broad life cycle analysis perspective is important for analyzing the climate efficacy of bioenergy systems correctly. Broad bioenergy system studies should also consider the possibility of expansion of energy crops with respect to geography, economics, and potential rate of expansion. Certain energy crops such as oil crops and sugar beets have a relatively limited possibility for expansion in Sweden with the current methods of production and climate, while the opposite is true of crops such as grasses and grain. The short-rotation woody crops such as willow fall somewhere in between; willow does best on somewhat higher quality agricultural land in southern and mid- Sweden as well as in areas with sufficiently high precipitation. The best choice in a given situation is not always provided by the bioenergy alternative that has the best score on production costs, LCA, and/or energy balance. Energy system modeling provides an opportunity to evaluate and compare bioenergy alternatives to each other and to other energy alternatives such as wind and hydro power in terms of climate neutral power generation. This means that the competitiveness of a bioenergy system and the potential extent of non-biomass based systems are relevant to determining the most attractive option. One example of how the availability and cost of other alternatives plays a major role in determining the priorities for biomass is the choice between using biomass in stationary applications or as liquid fuel for transportation. A critical factor in this determination is the projected availability of climate neutral transportation not dependent on biofuels. The projected schedule for commercial availability of various technologies in relation to the requirements on the rate of transition, and given specific targets for mitigation or use of renewables within a certain sector, is also important. In addition to climate impact, bioenergy initiatives are motivated by for example the goal of creating jobs as well as the goal of improving the nation's security of supply. Discussions surrounding security of supply have mainly focused on our dependency on imported oil. Naturally, this puts the transportation sector in sharp relief; consequently, liquid biofuels are advocated as the most effective bioenergy alternative when the goal is increasing the security of energy supply. However, in the rest of Europe, the growing dependency on imported natural gas is also a central issue. In the long run, conditions may change dramatically when new technologies are established, if these are deployed large-scale. For instance, plug-in hybrid technology makes possible a far-reaching liberation from the need for transportable fuels in the transportation sector.

  2. Fruktsamhet och barnafödande : upplevelser, tankar och attityder bland kvinnor som inte fött barn

    OpenAIRE

    Söderberg, Malin

    2013-01-01

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis is to describe experiences offertility, interpret thoughts on childbearing, and compare attitudes to fertility and childbearing with background characteristics, among women not yet mothers. Methods:In study I a phenomenological method was used to describe women’s experiences of fertility. In study II a lifeworldhermeneutic approach was used to interpret women’s thoughts on childbearing. In study III explorative factor analysis with prin...

  3. Genetic gain from present and future seed orchards and clone mixes; Genetiska vinster i nuvarande och framtida froeplantager och klonblandningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosvall, O; Jansson, Gunnar; Andersson, Bengt; Ericsson, Tore; Karlsson, Bo; Sonesson, Johan; Stener, L.G.

    2001-10-01

    This report is intended to be the basis for decisions concerning establishment of the third cycle of seed orchards of Pinus sylvestris, Pinus contorta, Picea abies and Betula pendula in Sweden. First genetic gain is presented for existing seed orchards and clone mixes for vegetative propagation and the additional improvement possible by genetic thinning. Then the potential additional gain is given for the two coming cycles of seed orchards and clone mixes and the point in time when this can bee realised for each seed zone. The calculations were based on genetic parameters summarised from hundreds of genetic tests throughout Sweden. The gain refers to the genetic level of the unimproved source populations and assumes ideal functioning of seed orchards and clone mixes e.g. no background pollination. A simplification is that the gain is presented as if only one character were considered, per hectare production, although in reality an index of many traits is used, including also e.g. survival, stem quality. For Scots pine in harsh areas gain in survival is also given. In general the genetic gain of existing seed orchards is 10-25%, while it can reach 20-25% in all third cycle orchards. The feasible gain from thinning is 2-3%. That is half of the theoretical gain, which can be attained only in the most closely spaced orchards. The next step of improvement will reach 35% for orchard establishment in the period 2015-2020, in some cases already in 2010. Clone mix gains are of the same magnitude as seed orchards, but can be realised in commercial planting stock with less delay. All production populations gain predictions took into account sufficient genetic variability.

  4. Substituent Effects Dehalogenation of Aryl Bromides with NaAlH2(OCH2CH2OCH3)2

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Czakoová, Marie; Hetflejš, Jiří; Včelák, Jaroslav

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 72, č. 2 (2001), s. 277-287 ISSN 0133-1736 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/97/1173 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4072921 Keywords : substituent effects * aryl bromides * Co-assisted debromination Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.475, year: 2001

  5. Evaporative and sorptive cooling. Possibilities and limitations in air treatment.; Evaporativ och sorptiv kylning. Moejligheter och begraensningar vid luftbehandling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindholm, T. [Chalmers Univ. of Techn., Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Building Services Engineering

    2001-10-01

    A primary demand for a good indoor climate in a building is that temperature and humidity are maintained at comfortable levels, regardless of the prevailing outdoor climate. Some buildings often have a heat surplus for a great part of the year due to internal activities, even in climates with moderate ambient temperatures. This heat surplus has to be removed in order to fulfil the specified requirements on the indoor climate. The focus in this report is on possibilities and limitations using evaporative and desiccant cooling to satisfy the cooling demands in such buildings. Today the most common technical solution is to use a compressor refrigeration system for air-conditioning. As a result of the greenhouse effect and the ozone depletion debate, the prerequisites for compressor refrigeration systems have been changed. Evaporative cooling is an interesting alternative to conventional compressor refrigeration systems. However, the use of evaporative cooling presupposes all-air systems. The use of such a system will also, to a large extent, be limited by ambient conditions as well as the settled demands on the indoor climate. High outdoor humidity levels have great influence on the supply-air temperature achievable, i.e., cooling loads possible to meet. One way to considerably reduce the influence of these limitations is to use desiccant cooling, i.e., to dehumidify the ambient air before the evaporative stages. In this report, a general methodology to describe possibilities and limitations for evaporative and desiccant cooling, is presented. The major advantage of this methodology is that it may give rise to an increased understanding of these processes and, hence, be a guide to a proper dimensioning.

  6. Barnmisshandel ur barns och ungas perspektiv : Omfattning, hälsa, avslöjande och stöd

    OpenAIRE

    Jernbro, Carolina

    2015-01-01

    Child abuse is a major public health problem which is largely hidden in the society. The main aim of the thesis was to study child maltreatment from children’s and young people’s perspectives focusing on prevalence, health, disclosure and support. The thesis is based on four studies. Quantitative and qualitative data from three national surveys of child maltreatment, including children in different age groups and young adults, have been analysed. The results showed that child maltreatment is ...

  7. Alva Myrdal och svenskt familjeplaneringsbistånd : Affinitet mellan välfärdsideologi och principerna bakom befolkningskontroll

    OpenAIRE

    Lundberg, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Around the 1950s an explosive population growth started in the Third World. Parallel with the population growth a global network grew up advocating population control and limited population growth. Sweden had a unique place in that network through a pioneering role promoting the issue in the UN organization. During the 20th century Sweden was a pioneer country in terms of initiatives for population control. Ceylon family planing pilot project was something new in a time when other donors cons...

  8. Control and follow-up of fly ash roads - Communication and Acceptance; Kontroll och uppfoeljning av askvaegar - Kommunikation och acceptans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macsik, Josef; Edeskaer, Tommy; Hellman, Fredrik

    2011-10-15

    The report is aimed at those who perform or plan to perform stabilization of the unbound layers or terrace gravel roads or industrial areas, with binder where a major binder component is fly ash from bio-peat or coal fuel. Stabilization of unbound layers of road structures is a promising technique from technical, economical and environmental point of view. The need of demonstration projects on road sections to show the relationship of laboratory measurements and field measurements are great in order to promote this stabilization technique. Results from follow-up of several stabilized distances and industrial surfaces are presented, where the fly ash is a binder component. The results complement the guidance, Munde et al. (2006) respect to durability, environmental characteristics on several years of perspective. Our hope is that report will serve as a support for the implementation of demonstration projects of stabilized terrace or unbound layers of fly ash as binder component.

  9. Uppfatta och reagera : En kvalitativ studie om IT-relaterade resursers roll i kundkännedomsprocesser och kundresponskapacitet

    OpenAIRE

    Åhlin, Mairon; Bergqvist, Linnéa

    2014-01-01

    The structures of organizations have gone through a dramatic change over the last years; as a result customer service is no longer a small side activity but a critical part in customer relationship management. Development in information technology has created opportunities as well as challenges for organizations when it comes to providing a customer service with capacity of sensing and responding to customers' needs. Previous research shows a relationship between customer response capability ...

  10. Uppsamling och lagring av natursnö för kyla och smältvattenrening i Uppsala

    OpenAIRE

    Lundahl, Emma

    2017-01-01

    This thesis examines the possibility to provide cooling for the Uppsala University Hospital by using a snow cooling plant. The reason for this is to increase the cooling system's resilience and decrease the dependence on district cooling. This is done by modelling the possible share of the hospital's cooling demand that can be covered with snow cooling. Furthermore it's investigated if the pollution levels in the snow can decreased by treating the meltwater in the snow cooling plant and if it...

  11. I skilda idrottsvärldar : barn, ledare och föräldrar i flick- och pojkfotboll

    OpenAIRE

    Eliasson, Inger Jeanette

    2009-01-01

    The sporting triangle represents the relationships among children, leaders and parents in the context of child sport. These relations are of significant importance for the child’s experience of sport. Taking the sporting triangle as its point of departure this thesis aims to describe and understand the socialisation processes among children, leaders and parents in girls’ and boys’ football teams, focusing on how the children's perspective is reflected in practice. The study has an ethnographi...

  12. Piranti Lunak Pengujian Struktur Matematika Grup, Ring, Field Berbasis Osp (Open Source Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngarap Im Manik

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This design of a computer software is a development and continuation of the software made on the previous research (2009/2010. However, this further research developed and expanded the scopes of testing more on the Siclic Group, Isomorphism Group, Semi Group, Sub Group and Abelian Group, Factor Ring, Sub Ring and Polynomial Ring; developed on the OSP (Open Source Program-based. The software was developed using the OSP-based language programming, such Java, so it is open and free to use for its users. This research succeeded to develop an open source software of Java program that can be used for testing specific mathematical Groups, such Ciclic Group, Isomorphism Group, Semi Group, Sub Group and Abelian Group, and Rings, Commutative Ring, Division Ring, Ideal Sub Ring, Ring Homomorphism, Ring Epimorphism and Fields. By the results, the software developed was able to test as same as the results from manual testing.

  13. ANALISIS STRUKTUR AKTANSIAL DAN FUNGSIONAL DALAM VOYAGE AUCENTREDELA TERRE KARYA JULES VERNE

    OpenAIRE

    Ade Yolanda Latjuba, Dr. M.A

    2017-01-01

    Berdasarkan hasil analisis, maka dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut: 1. Roman Voyage au centre de la terre menceritakan tentang Prof. Lidenbrock, Axel, dan Hans Bjelke melakukan perjalanan luar biasa menuju pusat bumi berdasarkan petunjuk dari Ame Saknussemm yang Axel dan si Professor dapatkan secara tidak sengaja terselip di dalam sebuah buku tua karya Snorre Tarlesson. 2. Prof. Lidenbrock, Axel dan Hans Bjelke memulai perjalanan mereka menuju pusat bumi dengan cara menuruni gunung bera...

  14. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KEMUNGKINAN KESULITAN KEUANGAN PADA BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Indra Hastuti

    2015-01-01

    Financial distresses have strong relationships with the company’s bankruptcy. The financial distress can be predicted by using information contained in the financial statements and the company’s corporate governance mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to prove the effect of ownership structure, liquidity ratios, leverage ratios, activity ratios, and the size of the company to possible financial distress of manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange. Populations of this study are ma...

  15. Struktur, Reaktivität und Photophysik von Kupfer(I)-Komplexen

    OpenAIRE

    Nitsch [geb. Lube], Jörn S.

    2015-01-01

    In der Arbeit wurden die Strukturen, Reaktivitäten und die Photophysik von verschiedenen Kupfer(I)-Komplexen untersucht. Dazu wurden zunächst Kupfer(I)-Halogenid und -Pseudohalogenid Verbindungen der Typen [CuX] und [Cu2I2] mit Phenanthrolin und dessen Derivaten sowohl strukturell als auch photophysikalisch detailliert charakterisiert. Diese Verbindungen weisen eine breite XMLCT-Absorption zwischen 450-600 nm und Emissionsbanden zwischen 550-850 nm im Festkörper auf. Es zeigte sich für diese...

  16. Pengaruh Massa Zn Dan Temperatur Hydrotermal Terhadap Struktur Dan Sifat Elektrik Material Graphene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Rizki Ilhami

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan teknologi yang sangat berkembang pada saat ini membutuhkan material yang tidak hanya kecil ataupun ringan, tetapi juga memiliki sifat thermal, elektrik, dan mekanik yang baik. Graphene adalah material yang dapat menjawab kebutuhan hal tersebut. Permasalahan yang kemudian muncul adalah proses sintesis massal yang masih menjadi kendala. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mensintesis material graphene dengan metode hydrothermal dan menggunakan serbuk Zn sebagai reduktor. Penelitian ini menganalisa pengaruh varaiasi penambahan massa sebesar 0,8 gram, 1,6 gram, dan 2,4 gram zinc serta variasi temperatur hydrthermal 160ᵒC, 180ᵒC, 200ᵒC. Proses karakterisasi material graphene dilakukan dengan pengujian Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD, Fourier Transform Infraredspectroscopy, Thermo Gravimetric Analysis/Differential Scanning Calorimetry (TGA/DSC, dan Four Point Probe digunakan untuk mengetahui nilai konduktivitas elektrik material. Morfologi dari graphene yang dihasilkan berbentuk lembaran-lembaran transparan dan tipis yang saling menumpuk.Semakin banyak serbuk Zn yang diberikan menjadikan permukaan graphene semakin tipis. Nilai konduktivitas elektrik terbesar dihasilkan dari variasi panambahan serbuk zinc sebesar 2,4 gram dan temperatur hydrothermal sebesar 180ᵒC dengan nilai sebesar 0,012526 S/cm.

  17. Studi Hubungan Struktur Mikro dan Keaktifan Zeolit Alam Akibat Proses Pengasaman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Cuaca Vahindra Suriawan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Natural zeolite is known as metal pollutant adsorbent in industrial waste treatment. As initial study for utilization ofnatural zeolite from Indonesia for metal pollutants adsorbent in liquid waste, then the physical properties should berecognized first. Activation is the first step in order to the natural zeolite able to adsorb the metal pollutants in the waste.One method to activate is by applying acid solution such as sulfuric acid (H2SO4 to activate the natural zeolite. The purposeof this research is to observe the change on microstructure of natural zeolite obtained from the mining at Tasikmalaya, WestJava, Indonesia due to chemical activated, to be compared to one without chemical activation. The variation of concentrationof H2SO4 namely: 2 4 , 6, 8, and 10 % , with 30 minutes soaking time , in a room temperatur. The microstructure then isobserved by using optical microscope following standard for ceramography. The change in microstructure then is analyzedand studied to be related with the ability of natural zeolite in adsorb the metal pollutant. The level activity of the zeolite canbe recognized by measuring its porosity.

  18. Studi Komparasi Antara Pracetak Masif Dan Fly Slab Studi Kasus : Struktur Gedung Rusunawa Surakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Wirawan, Aria; Wicaksono, Budi; Nuroji, Nuroji; Partono, Windu

    2013-01-01

    Fly slab is one of the precast concrete slab technological development that has been researched and patented by Ir . Sulistyana in 2011. The concept is how to reduce the mass of precast concrete slab with makes ribs on the concrete slab. To minimize the volume of concrete plate and while maintaining tensile area to makes the style transfer mechanism of concrete to reinforcement or otherwise, are expected to reduce the mass of the structure without reducing strength.Comparative study will be c...

  19. Munajat Dalam Tarekat Naqsyabandiah Babussalam Langkat: Kajian Terhadap Fungsi, Makna Teks, Dan Struktur Melodi

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Wiwin Syahputra

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on the analysis of form, function and meaning Munajat as ideology and the media in keeping the congregation Naqsyabandiah lineage in the village of Padang Tualang Besilam Langkat District, North Sumatra Province. The study was conducted to provide a thorough understanding of the role of the congregation chanting Munajat Naqsyabandiah used as a sign of the entry of Fajr prayers, Maqhrib and Friday prayers. As the creator and the civilizing traditions of chanting Munajat read...

  20. Den danske frugt- og grøntbranche - Struktur, teknologi, forskningsbehov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plichta, Kirsten; Rossen, Lone; Skovboe, Pernille

    Executive summary 1. In the decade between 1981-91, the production value of the Danish fruit and vegetable industry increased by over 100%. In 1991, it stood at just under DKK 2.8 bn, corresponding to about 2.8% of the total production value of the Danish food sector. 2. The value added...... frozen and refrigerated products depends largely on trends in buyer preferences, the demands, needs and power of the retail trade, the development and diffusion of complementary technologies (deepfreeze and refrigerated counters), together with the costs of using them. Since developments in refrigeration...... in the fruit and vegetable industry in 1991 was 38%, which was somewhat higher than for the food sector as a whole. 3. The structural reorganisation of the fruit and vegetable industry carried out between 1981-91 reduced the number of firms from 23 in 1981 to only 14 in 1991. This only affected firms...

  1. KONSEP PAKAIAN JOGJA FASHION WEEK CARNIVAL DALAM STRUKTUR SOSIAL DI YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Setiawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Jogja Fashion Week Carnival (JFWC is related to various agendas of the local government in Yogyakarta, particularly in industrial and tourism sectors. The JFWC event is correlated to the domestic industries in which one of them has a positive impact upon the progress and the existence of this industry in order to reduce the rate of import from outside Yogyakarta. In another domain, the use of public space, which is often done by JFWC event, gives entertainment and cultural education to the people, thus this event is useful and appropriate if it is held as a routine agenda for the existence of the tourism industry in Yogyakarta. The education given to the people includes the global warming issue, the treatment and utilization of hazardous waste, and the important role of JFWC event in an attempt to create clothing trend centre in Yogyakarta. The dialectics of JFWC clothes can be seen as a process of cultural diplomacy locally, nationally, and internationally. In addition, the existence of JFWC clothes can be viewed as a sustainability phenomenon of contemporary artworks in Indonesia.

  2. HUBUNGAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN DAN EXTERNAL MONITORING TERHADAP AGENCY COST DAN ALIRAN KAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustina Ade

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Capital credit was credit given by private/government public bank to solve theproblem of liquidation on companies. In a small company, inhibiting liquidation andinformation which was asymmetric influenced manpower recruitment, especially in managerlevel and it could make adverse selction problem. In agency theory, it was mentioned thatagency problem could appear if there was a different self-interest between (1 capital ownerand manager (2 capital owner and bank. This research was aimed to analyze if ownershipstructure and external monitoring had influence to agency cost and whether agency cost hadinfluence to cash flow. The samples of this research were small companies running inmanufatures, corporation, and which got capital credit. Samples taken were 101 companiesand the analyzes method used was SEM. This research concluded that agency cost was in smallcompanies that the manager was not the capital owner, but there was no indication of moralhazard.

  3. Pengaruh Kondisi Perawatan Pada Kekuatan Dan Struktur Mikro Beton Memadat Sendiri Dengan Volume Abu Terbang Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    Sondakh, Chichilya S.P; Manalip, H; Wallah, S

    2016-01-01

    In the process of normal concrete casting is often to experience constraints due to the distance between the reinforcement is too dense, so it can resulting segregation. Therefore the last few years started to develop Self Compacting Concrete (SCC). SCC is a concrete that is able to solidify themselves with fairly high of slump. In contrast to normal concrete, the composition of cement that needed in the mix design of SCC more than the normal concrete's. This is also often used as research to...

  4. PRINSIP KEHATI-HATIAN DALAM KONSISTENSI PENERBITAN KEBIJAKAN PPAP SEBAGAI UPAYA MENCIPTAKAN STRUKTUR PERBANKAN YANG SEHAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Ibrahim

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Banks are intermediary institutions that play a role in improving the quality of life, in which the bank to collect funds from the public in the form of savings and channel them back in the form of loans. Given the role and functions of the bank are very strategic, and management of the bank should do well. Good bank management should refer to the statutory provisions and adhere to the prudential  principle. One form of management of the bank in an effort to create a healthy banking-based risk management is to make Establishment Allowance for Earning Assets (PPAP for non-performing loans. Establishment Allowance for Earning Assets (PPAP on its implementation should be done consistently, so the need for intensive supervision of Bank Indonesia and the importance of coherence of legislation that serves as an umbrella act for the general operations of the bank Keywords: Prudential Principle, PPAP and Banking Structure.

  5. KARAKTERISTIK PERUSAHAAN DAN RISIKO BISNIS TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN OTOMOTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Haryanto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The company financial management should be able to meet the needs of the funds that would be used to operateor expand their businesses. Financing the use of corporate funds was faced to a choice: debt or raise capital withthe level of consequence risk of each. Consideration of a company was choosing the source of funds in anefficient and profitable enterprise for both current and for the foreseeable future. It considered that the choice ofthe source of the funds would have an impact on corporate performance in the future, namely funding responsibilityof the company. The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of company characteristics andbusiness risk significantly influenced capital structure, to determine the effect of the variable characteristics ofcompanies and business risk simultaneously on the company’s capital structure, to determine the variables ofcompany characteristics and business risk simultaneously toward the company capital structure, to know thevariables that had most dominant impact toward capital structure. The results of the analysis showed theintensity of DOL assets, sales growth, profitability (ROA affected the company’s capital structure, while thevariable of ROA had dominant contribution. Free variables simultaneously affected the capital structure.

  6. Die Struktur von schlankem Materialfluss mit Lean Production Kanban und Innovationen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheid, Wolf-Michael

    In der Literatur wird Materialfluss überwiegend in Spezialdisziplinen betrachtet, etwa der Steuerungslogik, der Logistiktechnik oder dem Supply Chain Management. Ein charakterisierendes Merkmal des Materialflusses ist jedoch, dass er sich aus vielfältigen Einzelbausteinen zusammensetzt, die alle harmonisch abgestimmt sein müssen. Die maximal erreichbare Effizienz wird nicht durch Höchstleistungen in dem einen oder anderen Spezialthema bestimmt, sondern durch das schwächste Glied im gesamten komplexen Netzwerk. Den Schnittstellen zwischen den betroffenen Fachbereichen in einem Unternehmen kommt hier eine ganz besondere Bedeutung zu: Erst ein harmonischer Einklang ermöglicht hohe Effektivität. Dies setzt umfassendes Verständnis für interdisziplinäre Notwendigkeiten, ein hohes Maß an Abstimmung mit den operativen Prozessen und letztlich einen einvernehmlichen Umgang und den Respekt vor den Problemstellungen des Anderen voraus.

  7. Pengaruh Variasi Kadar Zn Dan Temperatur Hydrotermal Terhadap Struktur Dan Nilai Konduktivitas Elektrik Material Graphene

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    Lita Nur Azizah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Graphene adalah bentuk 2D dari karbon dengan sifat-sifat unggul yang menarik untuk dikembangkan. Permasalahan yang kemudian muncul adalah proses sintesis massal yang masih menjadi kendala. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mensintesis material graphene secara kimiawi dengan menggunakan reduktor zinc dan metode hydrothermal dan menganalisa pengaruh varaiasi penambahan massa sebesar 0,8 gram, 1,6 gram, dan 2,4 gram zinc serta variasi temperatur hydrthermal 160ᵒC, 180ᵒC, 200ᵒC. Proses karakterisasi material graphene dilakukan dengan pengujian Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Uji Iodine number, dan Four Point Probe digunakan untuk mengetahui nilai konduktivitas elektrik material. Morfologi dari graphene yang dihasilkan berbentuk lembaran-lembaran transparan dan disertai dengan kerutan pada permukaannya. Nilai konduktivitas elektrik terbesar dihasilkan dari variasi panambahan serbuk zinc sebesar 0,8 gram dan temperatur hydrothermal sebesar 200ᵒC dengan nilai sebesar 0,10281 S/cm dan bilangan iodine 11384,64.

  8. Distribusi Spasial Dan Struktur Komunitas Plankton Di Daerah Teluk Penerusan, Kabupaten Buleleng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Made Dewi Damayanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Research spatial distribution and community structure of plankton in the Penerusan bay has been done on 22 February 2016.Plankton samples were taken at 17 stations using the Horizontal haul. The results obtained by the group of phytoplankton of the most widely found are from class Bacillariophyceae with the abundance of species composition percentage of 77% and the group most zooplankton were found came from class Maxillopoda with the percentage of the species composition of 85%. Highest abundance of phytoplankton found in abundance station 5, while the highest abundance of zooplankton found in abundance station 4. Index values diversity, uniformity and dominance of phytoplankton that is 1,06, 0.40 and 0.11 while the index value of diversity, uniformity and dominance zooplankton are 0.52,0.40 and 0.34. Results of the spatial distribution of phytoplankton abundance scattered in the middle of the bay towards the outside while the spatial distribution of zooplankton abundance spread from the south of the bay towards the middle of the bay and to the north of the bay Forwarding. Water quality in Penerusan Bay of physicists chemical parameters such as temperature obtained ranged from 31.1to 32,5 0C, average brightness obtained 87 %, turbidity obtained ranges between 0,73 to 2.62 ntu, dissolved oxygen (DO obtained ranged from 6 to 8.3 mg/l , the degree of acidity (pH obtained ranged from 7.17 to 8.04, salinity obtained ranged from 31-35 ppt, nitrate values obtained ranged from 0.60 to 1.83 mg/l and phosphate values obtained ranged from 0.10 to 0.78 mg/l.

  9. Struktur Biaya dan Profitabilitas Usaha Tani Kacang Tanah di Desa Pulahenti Kecamatan Sumalata Kabupaten Gorontalo Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuriko Boekoesoe

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the cost structure of the peanut farm in the village of Pulahenti and to determine the profitability of farming in the village Pulahenti peanuts. The method used in this study is a survey method consists of primary data obtained through interviews with peanut farmers using questionnaires / questionnaire and secondary data obtained from the Office of Rural Pulahenti and BPS. sampling technique is done by using the method of sampling saturated or where all members of a population census respondents sampled farmers. Analysis of the data used is the cost of farming, farm receipts, farm profits, and analysis of R / C ratio. Results of data analysis showed that the cost structure of the peanut farm in the village Pulahenti consisting of a fixed fee that includes the cost of land taxes, depreciation of equipment, and wage labor in the family and the variable costs include the cost of seeds, fertilizers, medicines, and wage labor work outside the family. The average profitability of peanut farm profitability in the Village Pulahenti of Rp. 4.859.992,5/ farmers with the R / C ratio of Rp. 1,86. Based on the criterion value R / C ratio of more than one meaning can be said peanut farm in the village of Pulahenti profitable and worth the effort

  10. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL, UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, DAN KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN TERHADAP KOEFISIEN RESPON LABA

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    Nana Novianti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to empirically examine the influence of the capital structure, firm size and dividend policy of the earnings response coefficients and the influence of conservatism accounting as moderation variable. Techniques of data analysis in this study used moderated regression Analysis. The results of this study showed that partially results of the study showed that capital structure and firm size had negatif and significant effect on earnings response coefficients, but the dividend policy had not significant effect on earnings response coefficients. Capital structure had does not affect accounting conservatism moderated the earnings response coefficient; firm size moderated accounting  conservatism and dividend policy had an affect on moderated  accounting conservatism effect on earnings response coefficientsDOI: 10.15408/etk.v13i2.1882

  11. Sémantické slapy v textových strukturách

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hřebíček, Luděk

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 68, č. 2 (2007), 83-90 ISSN 0037-7031 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90210515 Keywords : semantic (contextual) weight of lexical units * Menzerath-Altmann´s law * text theory Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  12. Penerapan Fungsi Humas Sesuai Struktur Organisasi Perusahaan (Studi Di Hotel Gran-puri Manado)

    OpenAIRE

    Kindangen, Erwino Fially

    2015-01-01

    Era globalisasi Komunikasi dan Informasi dewasa ini membuat peran Hubungan Masyarakat (Humas) menjadi sangat penting mengingat fungsinya sebagai “jembatan penghubung” untuk mengkomunikasikan apa yang menjadi kebijakan pihak manajemen di satu sisi dan keinginan publik di sisi lain, baik internal maupun eksternal.Mengingat pentingnya fungsi dan peranan dari Hubungan Masyarakat di dalam suatu organisasi atau lembaga USAha ini sehingga dapat dimaklumi ketika Bapak Humas modern Ivy Ledbetter Lee m...

  13. Structure and lattice dynamics in non-centrosymmetric borates; Struktur und Gitterdynamik in azentrischen Boraten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stein, W.D.R.

    2007-04-23

    This thesis deals with a study of structural and lattice dynamical properties of some noncentrosymmetric borates with outstanding non-linear optical properties. The focus was on the compound bismuth triborate (BiB{sub 3}O{sub 6}). The structure of the tetraborates MB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (M=Pb,Sr,Ba) was also investigated. The structural investigations in bismuth triborate include powder and single crystal diffraction experiments on X-ray and neutron sources. The crystal structure was under examination in the temperature range from 100 K to room temperature and the lattice constants in the temperature range from 20 K to 800 K. The lattice constants show a nearly linear dependency from temperature. Our observations are in good agreement with investigations of the thermal expansion, which shows a strong anisotropy within the layer-like structure of bismuth triborate. Within the borate layers, along the polar axis a strong positive and in the orthogonal direction a negative thermal expansion is observed. This effect can be explained by a zig-zag effect within the borate layers. The lone electron pair at the bismuth atom is discussed to be possibly the origin of the temperature dependency of the coordination environment of the bismuth atom. The influence of the lone electron pair on the crystal structure is raising by lowering the temperature. At the bismuth atom distinct anharmonic effects are observed, where the maximum points along the direction of the polar axis and therefore along the direction of the lone electron pair. The phonon dispersion of bismuth triborate has been investigated by inelastic neutron scattering. The low symmetry of the crystal structure depicts to be a special challenge. The dispersion was observed along the three reciprocal lattice constants. Along the polar axis the dispersion could be characterized to a maximum energy of 20 THz. The low energy acoustic branch along the polar axis shows a softening at the zone boundary. In the orthogonal directions the dispersion was investigated to a maximum energy of 10 THz. For experimental phonon dispersion several lattice dynamical models are discussed. A shell model with angular forces and additional force constants could describe the phonon dispersion with an averaged deviation of 0.234 THz. The crystal structure of the tetraborates was investigated at room temperature and in addition for the barium and lead compound at 100 K. The comparison of the structure of the isostructural compounds SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} and PbB{sub 4}O{sub 7} shows a noticeable shift of the lead against the strontium position, which as a result of the similar ion radii of the two ions could be assigned to the lone electron pair at the lead atom. The comparison of the crystal structure at low temperature shows similar to bismuth triborate an increase of the influence of the lone electron pair at lower temperatures. In barium tetraborate two different bond valence sums of the two crystallographic different barium positions are observed. As its origin the strong internal stresses are discussed. (orig.)

  14. MAKNA VERBA MAJEMUK ~KIRU DALAM BAHASA JEPANG Kajian Struktur dan Semantis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taqdir .

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this paper is to know the structure of compound verb (V + V in Japanese. The structure is a forming of zenkoudoushi (first verb and koukoudoushi (second verb. The second verb is kiru. And the first verbs are joutai doushi (statis keizoukudoushi (contuinity, shunkandoushi (fungtual, and daiyoushudoushi (the four verb. This classification from the Kindaichi’s classification. As a single verb kiru means to cut, to slice, to decide, and to turn off. When it combined with other verbs, the verb kiru will form a compound verb which has several meanings. Commonly, compound verb kiru has two meanings, namely in terms of lexical meaning and syntactical meaning. Lexically, compound verb kiru means setsudan ‘cutting’ and shuketsu ‘ends/over’, while syntactically this verb means kyokudo ‘extraordinary/ infinite’ and kansui ‘perfective’. The compound verb ~kiru which attached to continuity (keizokudoushi has meaning as setsudan ‘cutting’, shuketsu ‘ends/over’, and kansui ‘perfective’, while when it is attached to the punctual verb (shuunkandoushi means kyokudo ‘extraordinary/ infinite’. Keyword : zenkoudoushi, koukoudoushi, compound verb, ~kiru  

  15. DETERMINAN STRUKTUR MODAL PADA SEKTOR KEUANGAN YANG LISTING DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI KETUT SUKASIH

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of partial and simultaneous determinants of capital structure, including the cost of interest, dividend policy, size of the company, return on equity (ROE and return on investment (ROI and taxes paid in the financial sector. This research is limited to banking and lease corporation listing on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Hypothesis is tested using multiple regression analysis and chow test. The results show that banking interest expense, dividend policy, company size, ROE, ROI and paid taxes simultaneously affect capital structure with adjusted R square value of 0.298 (29.8% which means that 29.8% of the variation in capital structure can be explained by the six independent variables, interest, dividend policy, company size, ROE, ROI and taxes while the remaining 70.2% is explained by other variables. Results of the lease obtain the adjusted R square of 0.353 (35.3% meaning that variation in capital structure can be explained by the six independent variables, while the remaining 64.7% is explained by other variables.

  16. KEPEMILIKAN MANAJERIAL, KEPEMILIKAN INSTITUSIONAL, DAN KINERJA KEUANGAN SEBAGAI PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Maftukhah

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kepemilikan manajerial, kepemilikan institusional, pertumbuhan asset, ROA, DPR, net sales, fixed asset ratio dan corporate tax rate terhadap DER pada perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia periode 2004-2008. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sepuluh perusahaan manufaktur. Metode pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan purposive sampling. Data yang diteliti diperoleh dari Indonesian Capital Market Directory (ICMD masing-masing perusahaan. Teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel dummy untuk kepemilikan manajerial dan ROA berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap DER. Variabel pertumbuhan aset dan DPR berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap DER. Variabel kepemilikan isntitusional berpengaruh positif dan  signifikan terhadap DER. Sedangkan net sales, fixed asset ratio dan corporate tax rate berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap DER. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan nilai adjusted R2 sebesar 33,4%.  The objective of this research is to analyze the influence of managerial ownership, institutional ownership, asset growth, ROA, DPR, net sales, fixed asset ratio and corporate tax rate toward stock DER manufacturing company that listed on Indonesian Stock Exchange in the period of 2004-2008. Sample of this research consists of 10 manufacturing company. Purposive sampling methods were used as samples determining method. Data were provided by Indonesian Capital Market Directory (ICMD for each company. Analysis technique that used in this research is multiple linier regression. The result of this research shows that Managerial ownership as dummy variable and ROA have a negative and significant influence toward DER. Asset growth and DPR have a positive and significant influence toward DER. Institutional ownership have a positive and  significant influence toward DER. Otherwise net sales, fixed asset ratio and corporate tax rate have a positive and not significant influence toward DER. The result of this research shows that adjusted R2 is 33,4%

  17. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS CACING PARASITIK PADA IKAN KEMBUNG (RASTRELLIGER SPP. DI PERAIRAN TELUK BANTEN DAN PELABUHAN RATU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forcep Rio Indaryanto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The short mackerel is the most commercially important small pelagic fish in Indonesia. Parasitism plays a central role in fish biology. Parasitism is a ubiquitous phenomenon in the marine environment and it is probable that all marine fishes are infected with parasites. Helminth parasitic of Rastrelliger spp. are Lechitocladium angustonum (Digenea: Hemiuridae, Lecitochirium sp. (Digenea: Hemiuridae, Prodistomum orientalis (Digenea: Lepocreadiidae and Anisakis typica (Nematodes: Anisakidae, with 90.12% of prevalence. They are not significant different of helminth parasitic abundance from R. kanagurta and R. brachysoma, but significant in helminth species richness. This different of helminth species richness was because of L. angustonum dominances. The different location wasn’t have significant different of helminth parasitic abundance because Indonesian in the tropical zone. Anisakis species in Java sea have a same genetic with Anisakis typical and not zoonotic parasite kategories. The fish digestion was a microhabitat for helminth parasitik because they have much food stuff. The fish growth have significant different in helminth parasitic abundance and intencity. This situation was because the fish immunity development and the food habit of fish.

  18. HUBUNGAN ANGGARAN PARTISIPASI, KECUKUPAN ANGGARAN, KOMITMEN ORGANISASI, MOIWASI DAN KINERJA MANAJERIAL DENGAN MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Nasir

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This research objective is to study the effect of budget adequacy, organizational commitment, and motivation on the relationship between budget participation and managerial performance. Data collection used 201 respondents that managers participate in preparing budget in public listed in Indonesia.and its' colleted by using questionnaire. Data analyzed by using structural equation model. This study found that budget participation have positive influenced on budget adequacy, but negative influence on organizational commitment. Budget participation have positive influenced on motivation but not significant. Budget participation have positive influenced on managerial performance. Budget adequacy have negative on managerial performance. Organizational commitment have positive influenced on managerial performance. Motivation have positive influenced on managerial performance. Budget participation influences on managerial performance directly more significant than through budget adequacy, organizational commitment, and motivation. The future research suggests it can be used by measurement model. Keywords: budget participation, budget adequacy, organizational commitment, motivation, managerial performance, structural equation model.

  19. Pengenalan Ababil: Program Finite Element Analysis (FEA 3-Dimensi Untuk Struktur Rangka-Batang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Waluyo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ababil is an open source computer program working on the basis offinite element method (FEM which is aimed to analyze frame structures. It is mainly designed as a solver without embedded pre-or/and post-processing units. Recently, the solver is compatible only for reading and writing in the Gmsh [1] pre- and post-processing software environment. The FEM kinematics formulation applied here is relied on the Timoshenko Beam Theory (TBT using linear shape function. Finally, the well-known FEM software MSC.Nastranis used to ensure the capability of Ababil in the prediction of frame deformation by means of FEMsimulation

  20. Untersuchung perturbativer und nichtperturbativer Struktur der Momente hadronischer Ereignisformvariablen mit den Experimenten JADE und OPAL

    CERN Document Server

    Pahl, Christoph Johannes

    2007-01-01

    In Hadronproduktionsdaten der e+e− - Vernichtungsexperimente JADE und OPAL messen wir die ersten f¨unf Momente von zw¨olf hadronischen Ereignisformvariablen bei Schwerpunktsenergien von 14 bis 207GeV. Aus dem Vergleich der QCD NLO-Vorhersage mit den mittels MC-Modellen um Hadronisierung korrigierten Daten erhalten wir den Referenzwert der starken Kopplung αs(MZ0) = 0.1254 ± 0.0007(stat.) ± 0.0010(exp.)+0.0009 −0.0023(had.)+0.0069 −0.0053(theo.) . F¨ur einige, insbesondere h¨ohere, Momente sind systematische Unzul¨anglichkeiten in der QCD NLO-Vorhersage erkenntlich. Simultane Fits an zwei Momente unter Annahme identischer Renormierungsskalen ergeben Skalenwerte von xμ=0.057 bis xμ=0.196 . Wir pr¨ufen Vorhersagen verschiedener nichtperturbativer Modelle. Aus der Single Dressed Gluon - N¨aherung ergibt sich eine perturbative Vorhersage in O(α5 s ) mit zu vernachl¨assigender Energiepotenzkorrektur, die den Mittelwert von Thrust auf Hadronniveau gut beschreibt mit αs(MZ0) = 0.1186 ± 0.0007(st...

  1. Recht und Rechtssystem als globale Struktur und Medium der Verhaltensorientierung / Raul Narits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narits, Raul, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Äratr.: Multiple Modernität, Globalisierung der Rechtsordnung und Kommunikationsstruktur der Rechtssysteme : Internationales Symposium zur Theorie der Rechtskommunikation an der Universität Tartu im April 2006 ; II. Sonderheft Estland. Berlin, 2008, lk. 219-238. - (Rechtstheorie : Zeitschrift für Logik und Juristische Methodenlehre, Rechtsinformatik, Kommunikationsforschung, Normen- und Handlungstheorie, Soziologie und Philosophie des Rechts ; Bd. 38, 2007, H. 2/3)

  2. Pengaruh Profitabilitas, Resiko Keuangan, Nilai Perusahaan, Struktur Kepemilikan dan Dividend Payout Ratio terhadap Perataan Laba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dika Fajar Pratama

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to test empirically the effect of profitability, financial risk, firm value, ownership structure and dividend payout ratio to income smoothing. The sample in this research are 33 manufacture companies that have been listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in period of 2006 to 2009. Sample was obtained by purposive sampling method. Analysis tool uses regression analysis with logistic regression method.  The results of analysis indicate that profitability, financial risk, firm value, public ownership and dividend payout ratio do not influence income smoothing in manufacture companies except managerial ownership.

  3. Struktur Geologi dan Sebaran Batubara daerah Bentian Besar, Kabupaten Kutai Barat, Propinsi Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmoro Widagdo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is a surface geological mapping work to determine the geological conditions in the study area and in particular the presence of coal of Bentian Besar District, West Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan Province. The goal is to determine the position and spread of coal layer, coal quality and quantity of coal resources in the study area. Research on the existence of coal deposits is done through field survey methods, by observing, define and measure elements of geological structures encountered. At this stage of field work carried identification, observation, measurement of the coal position and takes it sample. In the study area encountered 2 (two rock formations, Pamaluan, and Pulubalang Formation. Coal deposits found in rock unit known as Pulubalang Formation. Direction of the dip of the rock layers in the study area form a syncline structure. At this structure of the coal seam, there are three dip directions, namely: rocks on the southeast side of syncline axis tilted toward the northwest, rocks on the northwest side of the syncline axis tilted to the southeast, while the dip of the rocks on the southwest side Syncline tilted toward the northeast.

  4. Modelování struktur tvárné litiny

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šenberger, J.; Musilová, I.; Bažan, J.; Million, Bořivoj; Dobrovská, J.; Kavička, F.; Stránský, K.

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 3 (2004), s. 495-498 ISSN 1335-1532. [14. medzinárodná vedecká konferencia Iron and Steelmaking. 041013-041015, Malá Lučivná] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA106/04/1006; GA ČR(CZ) GA106/04/0949; GA ČR(CZ) GA106/03/0271 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2041904 Keywords : thermodynamic model * ductile iron * Mn and Cu heterogeneity Subject RIV: JG - Metallurgy

  5. STRUKTUR ANATOMI DAN KUALITAS SERAT KAYU DAN AKAR GANTUNG BERINGIN (FICUS BENJAMINA LINN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krisdianto

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn. is one of typical fast growing tree species which are commonly found in Indonesia. The trees grow with hanging roots which grow larger and often can merged with the main stem, then its timber is not optimally utilized. This paper studies the anatomical structure and fiber quality of main stem and large, medium, and small diameter of hanging roots of beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn. tree. Anatomical structure was observed macroscopically and microscopically, while fiber dimensions were measured from macerated samples. The results show that the anatomical structure pattern of the roots is similar with those of main stem, however the quantity and dimension of anatomical components of hanging roots are smaller and shorter than components of main stem. Likewise, the fiber dimensions of roots are shorter and thinner than those taken from the main stem. Based on fiber dimensions and its derivative value, beringin wood fibers are classified into class quality II for pulp and paper. The creamy white color with white streaky figure of beringin wood from main stem is recommended for indoor decoration products such as wooden venetian blind, while the small roots are recommended for strap or webbing material crafts.

  6. Pengaruh Pengalaman dan Pelatihan Auditor terhadap Struktur Pengetahuan Tentang Kekeliruan Auditor

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Haryanti, Caecilia

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of auditor experience on knowledge of the error that occurred and analyze training on knowledge about the error that occurred. The study sample comprised 60 auditors covering large auditors, smalla uditors and students who have taken courses auditing. Size of sample size was determined using the formula Slovin, sampling techniques using simple random sampling. Multiple regression analysis is used to examine the effect of experience and t...

  7. Struktur mikroskopis kartilago epifisialis tibia fetus mencit (Mus musculus L. dari induk dengan perlakuan kafein

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    Heri Budi Santoso

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Caffeine affects activity of enzyme of polimerase DNA, induce the mitosis of cells mammal of before replication DNA ended the perfection, and also pursue the activity of enzyme fosfodiesterase is hence anticipated by a potential caffeine generate the developmental defect, for example can pursue the process of ossification endochondralis in growth plate. This present research studied the effect of caffeine gift by oral on pregnant dam during organogenesis to structure of histologi growth plate tibia foetus. Twenty four pregnant mice (6 per group were treated by gavage with 0 (control, 40, 80, 120 mg/kg b.w caffeine from gestation day 6 to 15. On day 18 of pregnancy, fetuses was removed from dams by caecarean section.. Observation of histological structure of the tibial growth plate preparation by paraffin method (Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The result showed that caffeine cause slightened proliferative zone, maturation zone, and cartilage calcification zone on the mouse tibial growth plate.

  8. KONFLIK POLITIK INTERNAL KERAJAAN: PROLOG ISLAMISASI MASSIF DAN STRUKTURAL DI BIMA

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    Nurhilaliati Nurhilaliati

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Bima used to be well known as a producer of high quality spices, and attracted many traders from Sumatera, Sulawesi, and Java which then led Bimanese traders and people in general into a direct communication and interrelationship among traders from other places outside Bima. It in turn resulted in broader contact among different cultures, traditions, and religions. This was the starting point that Bimanese people began to be influenced by the new religion, Islam, which then attracted them to be its followers, Muslims.The process of coming and spreading of Islam in Bima ran through phases from an early contact with Muslim traders from outside Bima to a structural and massive islamization by the power of Bima Sultanate. Many factors played their respective roles in supporting or obscuring the process. But, above all other factors, political conflict among the ruling royals in Bima Kingdom was the most significant one. It was the conflict between Tureli Nggampo (Prime Minister Salisi and Jena Teke (crown prince, which then resulted in assassination on the later. Salisi declared himself the King of Bima. Next Jena Teke (younger brother of the killed first Jena Teke with the help of Gowa Sultanate took over Salisi’s crown. This political conflict can be considered a blessing in disguise in terms of it was the turning point and gateway of structural and massive islamization in Bima.

  9. PENGARUH STRUKTUR CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN KUALITAS AUDIT TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN KOMPENSASI MANAJEMEN KUNCI DI LAPORAN KEUANGAN

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    Stalsa Frani Akmyga

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate governance has impacts on the disclosure of key management compensation in the financial statements through the application of the principle of transparancy. This research aims to analyze the impact of corporate governance structure, such as family ownership, managerial ownership and the effectiveness of the audit committee, as well as audit quality of key management compensation disclosures in the financial statements according to PSAK No. 7 (Revised 2010. The research using multiple regressions examined non-financial companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2011. The research found that companies that are controlled by family and not part of a business group significantly affect management to comply with the mandatory disclosure related to key management compensation information in the financial statements. The research also found that the effectiveness of the audit committee significantly affects management to provide better information related to financial disclosures. Furthermore, the audit quality significantly increases the transparency of the compensation of key management related to PSAK No. 7 (Revised 2010.

  10. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Struktur og tilrettelaeggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, K V; Kristensen, F B; Andersen, A M

    1989-01-01

    examination and certain conditions of organization. The obstetricians could describe three different types of antenatal examinations depending upon the place and arrangement of work. The percentage replies received were 62 for general practice, 86 for the midwives and 62, 69 and 55 from the doctors...

  11. TRANSKRIPSI STRUKTUR PENYAJIAN LAKON RABINE PANJI PADA KELOMPOK WAYANG TOPENG TRADISI KEDUNGMONGGO MALANG

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    Endang Wara Suprihatin Suprihatin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Malang is popular with one of its traditional dance that is Malang Puppet Mask (Wayang Topeng Malang, shortened into WTM. WTM has several characteristics, they are: (1 retelling Panji stories; (2 all dancers wear puppet mask with its own characters; (3 puppet master is usually performed by male and is responsible to tell stories and narrate the dialogs; (4 the stage has its definite patterns and cannot be changed according to the puppet master’s will. Panji’s stories and narration are based on folk lore so that the form and the structure are based on the puppet master’s memories, perception and variation, WTM artists, and the society. Sanggar Asmoro Bangun as one of WTM groups, located in Kedungmonggo village, Malang District, presents the dance into two versions, they are: (1 full duration to perform Rabine Panji (Panji’s Marroage; and (2 short version in performing Rabine Panji. Both versions influence several aspects in performing the dances, such as, the structure, the time, the scenes and the music.

  12. STRUKTUR SIMBOLIK TARI TOPENG PATIH PADA DRAMATARI WAYANG TOPENG MALANG DI DUSUN KEDUNGMONGGO

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    Soerjo Wido Mintarto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Dramatari   Wayang  Topeng  Malang  reflects  the  life  style  of  the Malangese. They are believed to have historical relevance with the development Malang s oldest culture which was under the reign of Kanjuruhan Kingdom around 7th   century.  Topeng  Patih  dance,  the  opening  dance  of  the  traditional  theatre performance are closely related to the pattern of the show related to the space, time, and content. So the symbolic structuralist theoretical approach would be the chosen strategy to understand the symbolic internal meanings. The analysis indicates that the choreographic structure of Tari Topeng Patih consists of 7 elements: character, ritual, communication, body movement, make up and wardrobe art, instrument, and stage for the performance. All of them are oriented towards the grandeur of refined character or attitude

  13. SPK Rekomendasi Pemilihan Kandidat Pejabat Struktural Menggunakan Metode Profile Matching (Studi Kasus: Pemerintah Kota Tarakan

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    Ria Astriratma

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Through the State Civil Apparatus Law, the Government attempt to reduce nepotism by creating an open competition system among civil servants in the process of filling positions. Regional Civil Service Agency (BKD Tarakan already has personnel database and decision support system that can combine the existing database with the scoring model to get the candicate profile who fit with vacant positions is needed to support more objective performance. The Application of profile matching method in this decision support system is expected to help the candidate selection process on structural officer in the Government of Tarakan comply with the ability of a required field in a position. From the research we concluded that the change in the value of the candicate profile, and the number of subcriteria that used to categorize the positions can affect the closeness of candidates with vacant position and the use of profile matching method for case that the highest value is the best value requires that the ideal value used is the value the maximum in order to avoid exceeding the expectations of ideal.

  14. Zur Struktur der „Musikkultur des Ostseeraumes“ während des 17. Jahrhunderts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwab, Heinrich Wilhelm

    2012-01-01

    Begrebet ”Østersøområdets musikkultur” stammer far svenkeren Carl-Allan Moberg (1957). Artiklen sammenstiller de vigtigste forudsættninger (geografisk, sprogligt, konfessionelt) og karakteristika af en regional, ikke national musikkultur: engagement af musiker i forskellige riger og byer (fx. Val....... Valentin Meder; Lübeck, København, Reval, Riga, Danzig), fælles repertoire. Undersøgelsen er koncentreret om de tre hovedcentrer: hof – by – land og deres genre-specifica (fx. italiensk opera, fransk kammermusik, polsk dansemusik, tyske / danske / svenske ”lieder”)....

  15. Studi Eksperimental Kekuatan dan Perilaku Sambungan Kolom pada Struktur DfD (Design for Disassembly

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    Intan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available DfD building system is a new approach in construction. Using DfD building system can reduce construction waste and reuse building components. This research examines the strength and behaviour of DfD column connections. Two types column connections were studied.The first connection employed H shaped steel elements bolted to the column while the second connection was bolt and plate connection. The behavior of columns with connections was compared to that of without connection. This study was carried out to investigate the strength, crack patterns, and failure mechanisms of precast concrete with dry joint on DfD column structure. All specimens were subject to normal force applied with an eccentricity of 67 mm. The test results indicate that both columns with connections were able to withstand design loads. This study also confirmed that the shear strength calculation of corbel based on SNI 03-2847-2002 section 13.9 was conservative to use as the value was still smaller than that obtained from this experiment.

  16. Struktur Komunitas Uca Sp Di Kawasan Teluk Benoa Pada Karakteristik Substrat Yang Berbeda

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    Ni Wayan Loviasari

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The mangrove ecosystem is home to a variety of fauna, ranging from water animals to primates, as a breeding ground for a variety of aquatic animals such as fish, crustaceans, crabs and mollusks, as well as a place to feed a number of wildlife such as reptiles and mammals. Uca sp is one of the fauna that utilizes and helps mangrove in its ecological balance. This research was conducted on 3 mangrove areas with the purpose of knowing the types and structure of Uca sp community on different substrate characteristics, where in Mertasari mangrove have the type of sandy substrate, Muara Waduk Nusa Dua Denpasar has kind of sandy loam substrate and Tanjung Benoa has kind sandy substrate. The sampling time was conducted in December 2016 when the lowest tide of the month. Determination of stations taken at each research location (station using purposive sampling method. From the results of the study found Uca sp as many as 5 types, namely Uca cryptica, Uca dussumieri, Uca rosea, Uca cryptica and Uca crassipes. The highest density of Uca sp that is at station 2 located in Muara Waduk Nusa Dua Denpasar is 52,75 ind/m2 and lowest at station 3 in Tanjung Benoa get 32,25 ind /m2. The index values ??of the diversity of the three research stations are categorized into low diversity. In all three research stations categorized into uniformity index with depressed community or low uniformity. Based on the calculation on the three stations have a high dominance index.

  17. STRUKTUR EKONOMI, KESEMPATAN KERJA DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Suhartono Suhartono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of article is to analyze the potential economic sectors, opportunity job and disparity income in Central Java. The methods using Location Quotient (LQ, Shift Share and Inequality Index Williamson. The results of LQ analysis shows that threre are potential sectors to be developed in the province of Central Java. They are agriculture, livestock, forestry and fisheries, mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply, communications and transport sector, financial sector, leasing and banking services and the services sector. Shift Share analysis results that in the cities in Central Java province has been a shift or change in the economic structure of the primary sector to tertiary sector. Meanwhile, the calculation of income inequality shows that income inequality between regions in Central Java province is very high, Recommendations addressed to the local government to implement economic development with more attention to aspects of equitable distribution of income.

  18. Embriogenesis somatik anggrek bulan Phalaenopsis amabilis (L. Bl: struktur dan pola perkembangan

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    Edy Setiti Wida Utami

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Research of the structure and development pattern of somatic embryos from callus of leaf explants moon orchid Phalaenopsis amabilis (L Bl had been done. One year old of plantlets were used as explants sources. Basal leaf of these explants were cultured in Somatic Embryo Induction Medium (SEIM e.i.: NP(New Phalaenopsis medium added with 2 mg/L NAA, 1 mg/L BA, 10 g/L sucrose, and 2 g/L gellan gum. Then somatic embryos were transferred to EMM (Embryo Maturation Medium e.i.: NP medium added with 1 mg/L NAA, 1 mg/L BA, 10 g/L sucrose, and 2 g/L gellan gum. Finally, mature somatic embryo were transferred to NP medium without plant growth regulator as Embryo Germination Medium (EGM. The origin of somatic embryos initially from single cell at the pheriphery of embryogenic callus. These cells then devided in mitotic repeatedly formed globular proembryo, elongation embryo, and completed embryo. The structure and development pattern of somatic embryos as the same as with zygotic embryo.

  19. IMPLEMENTASI PRINSIP DEMOKRASI DAN NOMOKRASI DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN RI PASCA AMANDEMEN UUD 1945

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    Martha Pigome

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The principle of democracy and nomocracy as state in the Constitution 1945 is the embodiment of the state that based on civil sovereignty and state characteristics that uphold the law. Implemention of those two principles changes the structure of the state that established the Constitutional Court. This institution known as the guardian of democracy of any process of political democatization and legal policy. The consitutional Court plays an important role in maintaining the state constitution (Constitution 1945. Constitutional Court have an authority to solve dispute elections and general election. This institution also have a role to judicial review of any statute that not synchronize with the Constitution 1945.   Keywords : Demoratization, Rule of Law, Constitution and Legal Policy

  20. IMPLEMENTASI PRINSIP DEMOKRASI DAN NOMOKRASI DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN RI PASCA AMANDEMEN UUD 1945

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    Martha Pigome

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The principle of democracy and nomocracy as state in the Constitution 1945 is the embodiment of the state that based on civil sovereignty and state characteristics that uphold the law. Implemention of those two principles changes the structure of the state that established the Constitutional Court. This institution known as the guardian of democracy of any process of political democatization and legal policy. The consitutional Court plays an important role in maintaining the state constitution (Constitution 1945. Constitutional Court have an authority to solve dispute elections and general election. This institution also have a role to judicial review of any statute that not synchronize with the Constitution 1945.

  1. Strukturna karakterizacija CaMnOз nanoprahova dopiranih itrijumom i teorijsko modelovanje stabilnosti perovskitske strukture

    OpenAIRE

    Zagorac, Jelena B.

    2014-01-01

    In the first part of dissertation structural, microstructural and phase analysis of the nanopowders with the general formula Ca1-xYxMnO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were performed using XRPD diffraction technique and Rietveld refinement. The most abundant crystal phases in these nanopowders are the members of ABO3 solid solutions with the perovskite structure type. Seven nanopowders of nominal composition CaMnO3 (Ca100), Ca0.95Y0.05MnO3 (Ca95), Ca0.85Y0.15MnO3 (Ca85), Ca0.75Y0.25MnO3 (Ca75), ...

  2. Frihet & struktur : en kvalitativ studie av skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Siverts, Torstein

    2005-01-01

    Sammendrag. Tittel: Skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette Syndrom Med bakgrunn i egen erfaring fra arbeid med elever med Tourette Syndrom i grunnskolen, og i studier i spesialpedagogisk teori og empiri, etterstrebes det i denne studien å utvikle økt forståelse for hva slags erfaringer fra og perspektiver på sitt skoleliv elever med denne funksjonshemmende lidelsen har. Med grunnlag i analyser av intervjuer med elever om deres erfaringer og perspektiver, har jeg prøvd å b...

  3. Elusidasi struktur isolat skualena dari ikan hiu cucut botol (Centrophurus sp

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    Aniek Setiya Budiatin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The main source of squalene was liver oil of shark. Producing of squalene this oil could be separated from other components inside. The research obtained that the value of squalene was 75.83 ± 1.14%. To discover the purification and safety to consume squalene which had been isolated from oil of the liver €™s shark cucut botol €˜ was used a method which available in AOAC, therefore that could be done elucidation of the structure of isolate with any instruments such as KLT; FTIR; GC; GC-MS; and NMR. Structure elucidation of isolate compare with standard of squalene had result as follows: a. KLT: Rf isolate = 0.457; Rf standard = 0,457; b. FTIR = 2980 €“ 2850 CH of methyl and methylene; 1668.58 & 1446.74 a double chain of carbon (C=C; 1381.16 & 835.25 = branch chain that all for isolate was the same with standard; GC tR = 9.065 minute of isolate and standard was 9.124 minutes; GC-MS the main fraction with mass 69 was one unit of isoprene (C5H9; the value of proton NMR (δ = ppm were 1.601 & 1.674; 2.016; 5.150 & 5.155 for isolate; the standard were 1.599 & 1.670; 2.016; 5.155. The result of elucidation structure could be concluded that the isolate was the same with the squalene standard. Therefore, isolate could be able to consume safety as natural health food for all consumers because it had already pure and free from other compound such as cholesterol.

  4. PENENTU BESARAN TRANSAKSI PIHAK BERELASI: TATA KELOLA, TINGKAT PENGUNGKAPAN, DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN

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    Cynthia Afriani Utama

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian firms are characterized by conglomeration that tends to conduct related party transaction (RPT. Extant academic literature provides two competing views on RPTs: the efficient transaction hypothesis and the conflict of interest hypothesis. The purpose of this study is to investigate RPT from the point of view of the conflict of interest hypothesis. Specifically, this study examines the size of RPT which is performed by majority shareholders to expropriate minority shareholders. The size of RPT measures the direct influence of RPT on shareholders’ wealth. In this study, the size of RPT is measured by RPT transactions of assets plus liabilities (RPTAL and sales plus expenses (RPTSE relative to book value of equity. Furthermore, this study investigates whether RPTAL and RPSE are determined by CG practices, disclosure of RPT, and ownership structure. This study cannot find the influence of CG on size of RPTAL and RPTSE. The results of the study also show that only disclosure of RPT and ownership structure that have positive impact on size of RPTSE. Disclosure of RPT increases more efficient RPTSE than abusive RPTSE. This study find that the relationship between the disclosure and RPTAL is insignificant as efficient RPTAL does not dominate abusive RPTAL, while concentrated ownership has a positive impact on abusive RPTSE.

  5. PENGARUH UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, DAN SIKLUS OPERASI TERHADAP KUALITAS PELAPORAN KEUANGAN

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    Nadiya Rosyida

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Laporan keuangan yang dipublikasikan merupakan sumber informasi bagi sebagian besar pemakai laporan keuangan serta pihak-pihak yang berkepentingan untuk mendukung pengambilan keputusan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ukuran perusahaan, kepemilikan manajerial, kepemilikan institusional, dan siklus operasi perusahaan terhadap kualitas pelaporan keuangan pada perusahaan manufaktPopulasi penelitian ini adalah perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2011-2012. Pemilihan sampel ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Berdasarkan metode ini, diperoleh sampel perusahaan sebanyak 25 perusahaan. Metode analisis data penelitian ini yaitu regresi berganda. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa ukuran perusahaan, kepemilikan institusional, dan siklus operasi perusahaan berpengaruh positif terhadap kualitas pelaporan keuangan, sedangkan kepemilikan manajerial tidak berpengaruh terhadap kualitas pelaporan keuangan.Saran dari penelitian ini adalah perlu menggunakan atribut lain dalam penilaian kualitas pelaporan keuangan berbasis pasar (market based attributes. Menggunakan variabel lain seperti pertumbuhan investasi terkait pelaporan keuangan yang dilakukan perusahaan, maupun rasio keuangan seperti likuiditas untuk menghasilkan penelitian yang lebih baik. Published financial statements are the source of information for most of the users of financial statements and the parties concerned to support decision making.. This study aims to determine the effect of firm size, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, and the operating cycle of the financial reporting quality in manufacturing companies.This study population is manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2011-2012. The sample selection is using purposive sampling method. Based on this method, it is obtained a sample consisted of 25 companies. Methods of data analysis of this study is multiple regression.The results show that the firm size, institutional ownership, and the operating cycle have positive affect on the financial reporting quality, while managerial ownership does not affect the financial reporting quality.Suggestions from this study is the need to use other attributes in the assessment of the financial reporting quality based on the market (market based attributes. Using other variables such as growth-related investments by the company's financial reporting as well as financial ratios such as liquidity to generate better research.

  6. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KEMUNGKINAN KESULITAN KEUANGAN PADA BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

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    Indra Hastuti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Financial distresses have strong relationships with the company’s bankruptcy. The financial distress can be predicted by using information contained in the financial statements and the company’s corporate governance mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to prove the effect of ownership structure, liquidity ratios, leverage ratios, activity ratios, and the size of the company to possible financial distress of manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange. Populations of this study are manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange, which are published in the financial statements from the years 2008-2012,samples of the research  are 156 financial. Data analysis uses a logistic regression .The results of this study indicate that managerial ownership significantly influence of financial distress. While institutional ownership does not significantly influence of financial distress. Liquidity ratios and activity ratios significantly influence of financial distress. While the leverage ratio and firm size had no significant effect on the financial distress. The results can be used for decision making corporate leaders and investors as well as potential investors to always attention Managerial ownership, liquidity ratio, and the ratio of the activity, because these three variables has a contribution in influencing the potential for financial distress.

  7. PENDEKATAN STRUKTURAL, EKONOMI DAN SPASIAL (ALMIRAL SEBAGAI MODEL ALTERNATIF PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN

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    Dwi Eko Waluyo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted to develop an integrated model of poverty reduction based on spatial aspects, economic areas, structural, and administrative of East Java province. The research applied some analysis tools which include: Analysis of dominant sectors, supporting capacity analysis, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP, and qualitative descriptive method. The results showed that Bangkalan, Lamongan, Bojonegoro, and Batu had the highest number of very poor population due to some factors such as the low income of population, low levels of education, and poverty that were passed down by the family. Poverty reduction efforts through institutional capacity optimization has greatly intensified and running well,yet the constraints arise from other instruments such as the adequacy of programs, activities, and funding that has not been managed properly.

  8. Studi Eksperimental tentang Pengaruh Dinding Bata Merah Terhadap Ketahanan Lateral Struktur Beton Bertulang

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    Jafril Tanjung

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Reinforced-Concrete (R/C frame structures with unreinforced clay brick masonry (URM infill walls are commonly used in developing countries with regions of high seismicity. The walls are usually treated as non-structural components, and their interaction with the bounding frames is often ignored in designing process. Field evidences after West Sumatera earthquake have shown that URM infill walls can help reduce the vulnerability of the R/C frame structures against lateral load. In the present paper, it is an attempt to highlight the series laboratory experimental results of the R/C frame structures with URM infill walls. Results of the experimental studies which have indicated URM infill walls can have a significant influence on the lateral resistance of the R/C frame structures. Increasing the lateral resistance is also observed on the R/C frame structures uses larger size of the clay brick masonry and uses mortar on the infill walls’ surfaces.

  9. PENGARUH SKALA OPERASI DAN STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA OPERASI BANK UMUM-BPR

    OpenAIRE

    Arif Julianto Sri Nugroho

    2007-01-01

    This study describes the effect of asset structures and capital structures on bank financial performance. Recently, bank financial performance could be seen through bank’s financial report published on mass media. The measurement criterias of bank performance are established by Bank Indonesia based on five aspects of CAMEL ie capital adequacy ratio, assets quality, management, earnings power and liquidity. This research involves 15 Public Banks and 15 BPR’s at Klaten as sample...

  10. DRGs: Auswirkungen auf Ökonomie und Struktur einer Krankenhausabteilung am Beispiel der Plastischen Chirurgie

    OpenAIRE

    Heinze, Ralf M.

    2010-01-01

    Mit der Einführung des DRG-Systems als Abrechnungsinstrument in deutschen Kliniken änderten sich die Abrechnungsmodalitäten grundlegend. Für die Abbildung des Fachbereiches Plastische Chirurgie im DRG-System lagen bisher noch keine ausführlichen Daten vor. In dieser Arbeit werden mit der Untersuchung und Auswertung von 236 Diagnosen und 1302 Prozeduren aus dem plastisch chirurgischen Fachgebiet und deren DRG-Einordnung erstmals umfassende Daten über die Abbildung der Plastischen Chirurgie im ...

  11. Podoby a proměny strukturální tematiky

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sládek, Ondřej

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 41, - (2009), s. 41-54 ISSN 0231-5904 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90560517 Keywords : structuralism * Vodička, Felix * thematics * Propp, Vladimir Jakovlevič * Lévi-Strauss, Claude * Doležel, Lubomír * Mukařovský, Jan Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  12. MAJOR HYSTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX: STRUKTUR, FUNGSI, HUBUNGAN DENGAN PENYAKIT DAN PEMANFAATAN DALAM RESPON IMUN

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    Basundari Sri Utama

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Respon imun terhadap antigen asing dapat terjadi karena kemampuan dari organisme untuk membedakan "non self" dengan "self", sehingga dapat terhindar dari efek patogen dari antigen yang masuk. Hal ini terjadi karena kemampuan polimorfisme dari komponen molekul yang terdapat pada permukaan sel presentan pada saat proses respon imun terjadi. Komponen molekul tersebut disebut MHC (Major Hystocompatibility Complex pada tikus diberi kode H-2 atau HLA (Human Leucocyt Antifen pada manusia. Pengkode genetik MHC pada tikus terletak pada kromosom 17, pada manusia terletak pada kromosom 6. MHC tersebar pada hampir semua permukaan sel tubuh. Pada tikus MHC kelas 1 terdapat sel-sel yang berinti, platelet dan sel darah merah. Pada manusia terdapat pada sel-sel yang berinti dan platelet. MHC pada tikus terutama terdapat pada sel B, makrofag, sel epithel, sel limfosit T. Pada manusia terutama terdapat pada sel B dan makrofag. Fungsi MHC kelas I diantaranya adalah reaksi penolakan jaringan, stimulasi produksi antibodi, proses interaksi antigen dengan sel T. MHC kelas II diperlukan dalam proses presentasi antigen. Pengetahuan tentang MHC/HLA seseorang, dapat dipakai untuk memperkirakan risiko seseorang mendapatkan penyakit yang bersifat herediter atau kelainan imunologik. Dengan mengetahui bahwa MHC/HLA hanya dapat mengikat peptida, hal ini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk pencegahan reaksi alergi.

  13. STUDI STRUKTUR EPIDERMIS DAUN Dasymaschalon blumei Finet & Ganep. (Annonaceae DI JAWA DAN SUMATERA

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    Subekti Nurmawati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Dasymaschalon blumei Finet & Gagnep. Is one of the species from the genus Dasymaschalon (Hook. F & Thomson Dalla Torre & Harms which can be recognized from its peculiar moniliform fruits. It widespread in Java and Sumatera. An anatomical of leaves from herbarium specimens of D. blumei collected from Java and Sumatera has been carried out by using light microscope in Herbarium Bogoriense. The objectives of this study is to observe the leaves anatomy of D. blumei and to support the classification of  the species concept of D. blumei.  The specimens are divided into three categories based on the elevation, those were: specimens collected from 500 m of sea level. The result showed that from the epidermal section, the type of the stomata from the three categories were similar, and also the number and the index of the stomata. Variations however exists because of the environment factors.

  14. Struktur Komunitas Zooplankton di Bendungan Telaga Tunjung, Kabupaten Tabanan-Bali

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    Ni Wayan Desy Wahyudiati

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Zooplankton are the heterotroph aquatic organisms and has a week swimming. Zooplankton acts as the first consumer in the waters, which utilize phytoplankton as their food. This research located in Telaga Tunjung reservoir, Timpag Village, Kerambitan Subdistrict, Tabanan Regency. The reservoir is used for industry, irrigation and tourism development. The aim of the research was to determine the community structure of zooplankton in Telaga Tunjung reservoir. This research was conducted from January to February 2016. Water sampling was conducted twice with a sampling interval of 2 weeks in 4 stations. There was a total of 23 species of zooplankton found, consisting of 6 classes: Eurotatoria (8 genera, Ciliatea (1 genera, Branchiopoda (4 genera, Monogononta (1 genera, Tubulinea (1 genera and Maxillopoda (3 genera. The most common species of zooplankton found in the sampling station were Polyarthra vulgaris (3.04 ind/l, Anuraeopsis coelata (1.28 ind/l, Keratella valga (0.43 ind/l, Vorticella sp. (0.49 ind/l, Diaphanosoma brachyurum (0.28 ind/l, Nauplius sp. (0.16 ind/l and Megacyclops viridis (1.16 ind/l. The average abundance of zooplankton was 9.38 ind/l. Based on the abundance of zooplankton, the trophic status of Telaga Tunjung reservoir is mesotrophic.

  15. Struktur Komunitas Makrozoobenthos Sebagai Indikator Kualitas Perairan di Pantai Serangan Provinsi Bali

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    Yulihatul Meisaroh

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Serangan Island is a small island located approximately 5 km in south of Denpasar City and has a maximum length of 2.9 km and a width of 1 km which is administratively as part of the Denpasar City, Bali Province. Serangan Island is widely used for aquaculture and fisheries activities, moreover Serangan is also used as tourism activities, transportation routes, the harbour of ships and residences which may have impact on the aquatic ecosystem balance. The purpose of this research is to know how the structure of macrozoobenthos community and the water quality condition in Serangan Island. The research was conducted on February to March 2017 by using descriptive quantitative method in 3 research stasions. The result showed that there are 23 species of macrozoobenthos that consists of 7 classes, namely Gastropods, Bivalve, Crustacea, Echinoidea, Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Holothuroidea. The highest total of abundance was at station 1 about 46,8 ind/m2. The diversity index ranged from 0,66-2,14  and the equibility index ranged from 0,60-0,81, while the dominance index ranged from 0,17-0,63. Based on the criteria of the Shanon-Wiener diversity index (H', the diversity index at station 1 and 2 indicates moderate diversity which has moderate species distribution and moderately polluted waters, whereas the value of the diversity index at station 3 indicates that the diversity in this stasion is low, showed by low abundance of species, low stability of the community and severe polluted condition.

  16. Das Symbolische zwischen Struktur und Handlung Anmerkungen zur Diskussion des Symbols in der Wissenschaftsgeschichte Frankreichs

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    Wolfgang Neurath

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Noch nie war Politik symbolischer als in Zeiten der Krise; es wird daher immer drängender sich der Frage zu stellen, ob die symbolischen Ordnungen mit denen wir tagtäglich konfrontiert sind, zur "Wahl" stehen, d. h. durch politische Handlungen erneuert werden müssen und damit auch veränderbar sind, oder ob symbolische Ordnungen in gewisser Weise auf uns zukommen und es nur darum gehen kann, an einer strukturellen Ereignishaftigkeit oder an Fluchtlinien zu partizipieren, die von den nicht geglückten symbolischen Übersetzungen ermöglicht/erzwungen werden, die sich durch die Funktionsweise des Symbolischen selbst ergeben (Loïc Wacquant hat dies das autotelische Wirken einer semiotischen Algebra genannt. Dadurch spaltet sich der Raum des Politischen vorerst in ein symbolisches Funktionssystem und in Symbolisierungen von nicht geglückten Übersetzungen auf. Diese Frage nach dem Status und der Politik des "Symbolischen" wurde in den 70er Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts in Frankreich intensiv und unablässig gestellt und man kann mit Fug und Recht behaupten, dass das strukturale Denksystem durchaus zum Tanzen gebracht wurde und durch die Arbeit an Begriff wie Konzept des Symbolischen eine äußerst schillernde Ambiguität aufzutauchen beginnt.

  17. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN DALAM MEKANISME CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP COST OF EQUITY CAPITAL

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    tarjo tarjo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Corporate governance mechanisms believed to have strong impact to the companies’ performance. Corporate governance mechanisms examined in this study are managerial ownership and institutional ownership structure. The purposes of this study are to know the variables effect of managerial ownership and institutional ownership on cost of equity capital. The samples of the study are firms listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange in 2005. The F-test on the all variables at the level confidence 1% indicates the effect of all variables on cost of equity capital is significant. The result of this study showed that managerial ownership and institutional ownership have positive significant impact (at the level of confidence 1% and 5% on the cost of equity capital. However this result showed that corporate governance mechanisms fail to decrease the cost of equity capital.  Keywords: corporate governance, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, cost of equity capital.

  18. PENGARUH EFEKTIVITAS DEWAN KOMISARIS DAN KOMITE AUDIT, STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, DAN KUALITAS AUDIT TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA

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    Eka Lestari

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine, analyze, and find empirical evidence of the influence the effectiveness of the board of commissioners and audit committee, concentrated ownership, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, and audit quality on earnings management with company size, company performance, and leverage as variable controls. The sample used in this study was 42 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX in period 2013-2015. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. This study used multiple regression analysis. The results of this study show that effectiveness of the board of commissioners, concentrated ownership, managerial ownership have negative effect on earnings management. However, the effectiveness of audit committees, institutional ownership, and audit quality doesn’t have effect on earnings management. As well, the firm size, firm performance, and leverage have effect on earnings management.

  19. PENGARUH LIPUTAN MEDIA, KEPEKAAN INDUSTRI, DAN STRUKTUR TATA KELOLA PERUSAHAAN TERHADAP KUALITAS PENGUNGKAPAN LINGKUNGAN

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    Badingatus Solikhah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the influence of media coverage, industry sensitivity and corporate governance structure on the quality of environmental disclosure. The sample of this study is taken from six industries (mining, energy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food and beverages from Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2011, 2012 and 2013. This study uses panel data regression analysis and employs 128 listed companies as the samples of the study. The results show that industry sensitivity, multiple directorship, board size, firm size and ROA positively affect the quality of environmental disclosure. The results also show a negative effect of independent commissionaire on environmental disclosure. This study also provides evidence that media, gender and institutional ownership have no effect on environmental disclosure.

  20. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA DAN KINERJA KEUANGAN

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    Lusye Corvanty Kumaat

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The research was aimed to examine the effect of corporate governance and ownership structure on profitmanagement and financial performance. Corporate governance mechanisms that were used in this researchwere managerial ownership, independent commissioner and audit committee. Ownership structure that wasused was concentrated ownership structure. Research was conducted on the manufacturing companies thatwere listed at Indonesia Stock Exchange in period of 2007-2011. Sampling technique was purposive sampling.Hypothesis testing tool was multiple regression. Earning management in this research was measuredusing Modified Jones Models, while financial performance was measured by cash flow return on assets (CFROA.Result of research indicated that managerial ownership, independent commissioner, and ownership structurewas positively influencing profit management. Independent commissioner and ownership structure positivelyinfluenced financial performance, while managerial ownership negatively influenced financial performance.Audit committee was not influencing earning management and financial performance, and earning managementwas not proved as influencing financial performance.