WorldWideScience

Sample records for structural magnetic properties

  1. Magnetic structures and properties of vanadium diiodide.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuindersma, S. R.; Haas, C.; Sanchez, J. P.; Al, R.

    1979-01-01

    Single-crystal measurements of the magnetic susceptibilities of VI2 show an anomaly at a crit. temp. of ∼14 K. This anomaly can be ascribed to a magnetic phase transition from a 120° structure to a collinear arrangement of the spins with a magnetic unit cell amagn = a√3, bmagn = 2 a and cmagn = 2 c.

  2. Structural and electronic properties of non-magnetic intermetallic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 39; Issue 1. Structural and electronic properties of non-magnetic intermetallic YAuX (X = Ge and Si) in ... The calculated lattice parameters were in good agreement with experiment. Also, the structural and electronic properties of the non-magnetic half-Heusler YAuPb ...

  3. Structure and Magnetic Properties of Lanthanide Nanocrystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dickerson, James Henry [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)

    2014-06-01

    We have had considerable success on this project, particularly in the understanding of the relationship between nanostructure and magnetic properties in lanthanide nanocrystals. We also have successfully facilitated the doctoral degrees of Dr. Suseela Somarajan, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Dr. Melissa Harrison, in the Materials Science Program. The following passages summarize the various accomplishments that were featured in 9 publications that were generated based on support from this grant. We thank the Department of Energy for their generous support of our research efforts in this area of materials science, magnetism, and electron microscopy.

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of the layered

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The brownmillerite-type layered compound Ca2.375La0.125Sr0.5GaMn2O8 has been synthesized. The crystal and magnetic structures have been refined by the Rietveld analysis of the neutron powder diffraction patterns at 300 and 20 K. This compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic symmetry under the space group ...

  5. Investigations on structural, optical and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 40; Issue 1. Investigations on structural, optical and magnetic properties of solution-combustion-synthesized nanocrystalline iron molybdate. KRITHIKADEVI RAMACHANDRAN SIVA CHIDAMBARAM BALRAJ BASKARAN ARULMOZHI MUTHUKUMARASAMY JOHN ...

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of Mg substituted Co nanoferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Jyoti, E-mail: jyotijoshi.phy2008@gmail.com; Parashar, Jyoti; Jadoun, Priya; Saxena, V. K.; Bhatnagar, D. [Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 (India); Sharma, Neha [Department of Physics, VEC Lakhanpur, Sarguja University, Ambikapur (C.G.) India (India); Yadav, Premlata [School of Physical Sciences, Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi (India); Sharma, K. B. [Department of Physics, S. S. Jain Subodh P. G. College, Jaipur, 302004 (India)

    2016-05-23

    The structural and magnetic properties of magnesium substituted cobalt nano ferrites Co{sub x}Mg{sub 1-x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x= 0.2, 0.4 and 1.0) have been investigated. The structural characterization has been done by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The magnetic studies indicate that the samples show ferromagnetic behaviour at room temperature as well as at low temperature. The magnetization decreases with Mg content in both the cases due to the less magnetic nature of Mg ions than that of the Co ions.

  7. The structural and magnetic properties of holmium/scandium superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryn-Jacobsen, C.; Cowley, R.A.; McMorrow, D.F.

    1997-01-01

    The properties of Ho/Sc superlattices grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) have been investigated using X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. Structural studies reveal the novel existence of more than one a lattice parameter. Examining the magnetic properties, it is found that the Ho 4f...

  8. Microstructure characterization and magnetic properties of nano structured materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, X.C

    2000-07-01

    The present thesis deals with the unique microstructural properties and their novel magnetic properties of core-shell Ni-Ce nano composite particles, carbon encapsulated Fe, Co, and Ni nanoparticles and the nano crystallization behavior of typical ferromagnetic Fe{sub 78}Si{sub 9}B{sub 13} ribbons. These properties have intensively been investigated by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HREM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (Sem), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy [eds.]; selected area electron diffraction pattern (SAED), Ft-IR, differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). In addition, magnetic moments measurements at different temperatures and applied fields have been performed by transmission Moessbauer spectroscopy, superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The present studies may provide the insights for the better understanding of the correlation between the unique microstructure and novel magnetic properties for several magnetic nano structured materials. (Author)

  9. Magnetic and Structural Properties of Co5 Ge3 Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehi-Fashami, Mohammad; Deepchand, Vimal; Skomski, Ralph; Sellmyer, David J.; Hadjipanayis, George C.

    Magnetic semiconductor alloy nanostructures play a crucial role in advanced technologies due to their tunable band gaps and electronic properties. Among these magnetic semiconductor alloys, Co-Ge is important both scientifically and technologically. In this work, we studied the magnetic and transport properties of Co5Ge3 nanoparticles(NPs) fabricated by cluster-beam deposition. The NPs were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and the results demonstrated that they had the same hexagonal structure P63/mm-type as in bulk.Transmission-electron-microscope observations revealed that the particles have a single crystalline structure with an average size of 8nm. Selected-area electron diffraction(SAED) confirmed the XRD data, showing clearly that the particles have the hexagonal structure mentioned above. High-resolution electron microscopy images show lattice fringes with spacing of 1.99A and 2.02A which correspond to the (102) and (110) superlattice reflections of the hexagonal ordered Co5Ge3 structure. Magnetic properties showed that these nanoparticles are ferromagnetic at room temperature as-compared to bulk samples that are paramagnetic at all temperatures. This magnetic behavior in Co-Ge nanoparticles indicates new size-controlled spin structures in confined nanosize systems. Work supported by DOE DE-FG02-04ERU4612 and DE-FG02-04ER46152.

  10. Synthesis, structure, thermal, transport and magnetic properties of VN ceramics

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Huber, Š.; Jankovský, O.; Sedmidubský, D.; Luxa, J.; Klimová, K.; Hejtmánek, Jiří; Sofer, Z.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 42, č. 16 (2016), s. 18779-18784 ISSN 0272-8842 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-20507S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : vanadium mononitride * phase transition * electronic structure * heat capacity * transport properties Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.986, year: 2016

  11. Crystal structure, characterization and magnetic properties of a 1D ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A new 1D polymeric copper(II) complex [{Cu(L)(CF3COO)}2]n has been synthesized using a potentially tetradentate Schiff base ... 1D copper(II) polymer; Schiff base; crystal structure; electrochemistry; EPR; magnetic properties. 1. Introduction ... number of copper(II) poly-clusters/assemblies may be mentioned in this regard ...

  12. Effect of alloying on the electronic structure and magnetic properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Abstract. We use the self-consistent, augmented space recursion technique to study the electronic structure and magnetic properties of alloys of the transition metals, Fe, Co and Ni with the noble metals, Ag and Au. We analyse the effect of local environment and the hybridization between the constituent bands on the elec-.

  13. Influence of temperature on structural and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    step sol–gel auto-combustion method in which the metal nitrate (MN)-to-citric acid (CA) ratio was adjusted to 0⋅5: 1 and pH to 7, respectively. The structural and magnetic properties of as-burnt and annealed samples were studied as a function of ...

  14. Effect of heat treatment on structure and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fe46Co35Ni19/CNTs nanocomposites have been prepared by an easy two-step route including adsorption and heat treatment processes. We investigated the effect of heat treatment conditions on structure, morphology, nanoparticle sizes and magnetic properties of the Fe46Co35Ni19 alloy nanoparticles attached on the ...

  15. Structure and magnetic properties of Zr–Mn substituted strontium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 39; Issue 5. Structure and magnetic properties of Zr–Mn substituted strontium hexaferrite Sr(Zr,Mn) x Fe 12 − 2 x O 19 nanoparticles synthesized by sol–gel auto-combustion method. S ALAMOLHODA S M MIRKAZEMI Z GHIAMI M NIYAIFAR. Volume 39 Issue 5 ...

  16. Crystal structure, characterization and magnetic properties of a 1D ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 128; Issue 6. Crystal structure, characterization and magnetic properties of a 1D copper(II) polymer incorporating a Schiff base with carboxylate side arm. SHYAMAPADA SHIT MADHUSUDAN NANDY CORRADO RIZZOLI CÉDRIC DESPLANCHES SAMIRAN MITRA.

  17. Structure and magnetic properties of colossal magnetoresistance ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of tolerance factor t for the perovskite structure explained in terms of the average ionic size (rR) at La site. Due to La site substitution, a decrease in (rR) reduces the transition temperature Tc. Within the framework of DE interactions, the effective eg electron transfer between Co3+ and Co4+ ions is given by t0 cos(θ/2) where ...

  18. Boron: Enabling Exciting Metal-Rich Structures and Magnetic Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheifers, Jan P; Zhang, Yuemei; Fokwa, Boniface P T

    2017-09-19

    Boron's unique chemical properties and its reactions with metals have yielded the large class of metal borides with compositions ranging from the most boron-rich YB66 (used as monochromator for synchrotron radiation) up to the most metal-rich Nd2Fe14B (the best permanent magnet to date). The excellent magnetic properties of the latter compound originate from its unique crystal structure to which the presence of boron is essential. In general, knowing the crystal structure of any given extended solid is the prerequisite to understanding its physical properties and eventually predicting new synthetic targets with desirable properties. The ability of boron to form strong chemical bonds with itself and with metallic elements has enabled us to construct new structures with exciting properties. In recent years, we have discovered new boride structures containing some unprecedented boron fragments (trigonal planar B4 units, planar B6 rings) and low-dimensional substructures of magnetically active elements (ladders, scaffolds, chains of triangles). The new boride structures have led to new superconducting materials (e.g., NbRuB) and to new itinerant magnetic materials (e.g., Nb6Fe1-xIr6+xB8). The study of boride compounds containing chains (Fe-chains in antiferromagnetic Sc2FeRu5B2), ladders (Fe-ladders in ferromagnetic Ti9Fe2Rh18B8), and chains of triangles (Cr3 chains in ferrimagnetic and frustrated TiCrIr2B2) of magnetically active elements allowed us to gain a deep understanding of the factors (using density functional theory calculations) that can affect magnetic ordering of such low-dimensional magnetic units. We discovered that the magnetic properties of phases containing these magnetic subunits can be drastically tuned by chemical substitution within the metallic nonmagnetic network. For example, the small hysteresis (measure of magnetic energy storage) of Ti2FeRh5B2 can be successively increased up to 24-times by gradually substituting Ru for Rh, a result that was

  19. Hydrothermal synthesized bismuth ferrites particles: thermodynamic, structural, and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Yi; Cheng, Zhenxiang; Yu, Zhenwei; Dou, Shi Xue; Wang, Xiaolin; Liu, L Q

    2012-02-01

    A family of bismuth ferrites (BFO), including Bi2Fe4O9, BiFeO3, and Bi25FeO39 with different morphologies, has been prepared by the hydrothermal method assisted by different alkaline mineralizers. X-ray diffraction refinement calculations are carried out to study the crystal structures of bismuth ferrites. A thermodynamic calculation based on the dissolution-precipitation model was carried out to analyze the hydrothermal synthesis of BFO powders. Magnetic measurements of the obtained bismuth ferrites show different magnetic properties from 5 K to 350 K.

  20. Tunable dynamic response of magnetic gels: impact of structural properties and magnetic fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarama, Mitsusuke; Cremer, Peet; Borin, Dmitry Y; Odenbach, Stefan; Löwen, Hartmut; Menzel, Andreas M

    2014-10-01

    Ferrogels and magnetic elastomers feature mechanical properties that can be reversibly tuned from outside through magnetic fields. Here we concentrate on the question of how their dynamic response can be adjusted. The influence of three factors on the dynamic behavior is demonstrated using appropriate minimal models: first, the orientational memory imprinted into one class of the materials during their synthesis; second, the structural arrangement of the magnetic particles in the materials; and third, the strength of an external magnetic field. To illustrate the latter point, structural data are extracted from a real experimental sample and analyzed. Understanding how internal structural properties and external influences impact the dominant dynamical properties helps to design materials that optimize the requested behavior.

  1. A Study of Structure and Magnetic Properties of Low Purity Fe-Co-Based Metallic Glasses

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sabina Lesz

    2017-01-01

    ...) and bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) as well as determining their magnetic properties. The structure and magnetic properties of Fe-Co-based CMGs and BMGs prepared from ferroalloys and pure elements, were studied...

  2. Surface magnetism Correlation of structural, electronic and chemical properties with magnetic behavior

    CERN Document Server

    Getzlaff, Mathias

    2010-01-01

    This volume reviews on selected aspects related to surface magnetism, a field of extraordinary interest during the last decade. The special emphasis is set to the correlation of structural, electronic and magnetic properties in rare earth metal systems and ferromagnetic transition metals. This is made possible by the combination of electron emission techniques (spin polarized photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetic dichroism in photoemission and spin polarized metastable deexcitation spectroscopy) and local probes with high lateral resolution down to the atomic scale (spin polarized scanning tunneling microscopy / spectroscopy).

  3. Structural and Magnetic Properties of Glass Doped with Iron Oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaewkhao, J [Center of Excellence in Glass Technology and Materials Science (CEGM), Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand, 73000 (Thailand); Siriprom, W [Faculty of Resources and Environment, Kasetsart University, Sriracha Campus, Chonburi Thailand, 20110 (Thailand); Insiripong, S [Physics Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Muban Chombueng Rajabhat University Thailand, 70150 (Thailand); Ratana, T; Kedkaew, C; Limsuwan, P [Department of Physics, King Mongkut' s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok Thailand, 10140 (Thailand); Ratana, T, E-mail: mink110@gmail.com [Industrial Chemistry Department, Faculty of Applied Science, King Mongkut' sInstitute of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand, 10800 (Thailand)

    2011-01-01

    Glasses based on borosilicate system were prepared by melt-quenching method in the composition range of (mol%) 20Na{sub 2}O : 1.0Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} : 13B{sub 2}O{sub 3} : 6.3CaO : 0.2Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} : 4.5BaO : (55-X)SiO{sub 2} : xFe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25) and the structural, optical and magnetic properties were investigated. The result showed that the density and molar volume of glasses increased with increasing of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration. This might be due to an increase of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration at the expense of SiO{sub 2} caused the opened glass network structure. Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} also affected the change of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} structure detected by FTIR technique. The magnetic measurement revealed that the glass sample exhibited a ferrimagnetic behavior when doping with 25 % mol Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of the Ti/Fe multilayers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fnidiki, A.; Juraszek, J.; Teillet, J.; Duc, N. H.; Danh, T. M.; Kaabouchi, M.; Sella, C.

    1998-09-01

    The structure and magnetic properties of the rf-sputtered Fe/Ti multilayers with the fixed Ti-layer thicknesses (series 1: tTi=1 nm and series 2: tTi=2 nm) and the variable Fe-layer thicknesses (1 nm⩽tFe⩽6 nm) have been studied by the high-angle x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, conversion electron Mössbauer spectrometry and vibrating sample magnetometer. The results show that Fe layers with thicknesses less than 1 nm are alloyed forming an amorphous TiFe2 phase. As the Fe-layer thickness increases, the iron-rich crystalline Fe-Ti alloy is formed at the interface and, finally, the pure crystalline α-Fe and Ti layers appear in the center of the individual subsystems. The spin orientation in Fe layers is then strongly aligned in the film plane. However, in the interfacial region, perpendicular spin orientation is evidenced. This perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is associated to the Fe-rich alloy at the interface and is discussed in terms of reduced symmetry effects on the band structure of the 3d(Fe)-itinerant electrons.

  5. Structure and magnetic properties of Zr–Mn substituted strontium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    TEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy .... taken on TEM. Magnetic properties have been taken out at room temperature at the maximum applied field of 14kOe by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) .... a decrease by increase of (Mn, Zr) content.

  6. Magnetic and structural properties of ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pariona, N.; Camacho-Aguilar, K.I.; Ramos-González, R. [Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Cinvestav-Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila 25900 (Mexico); Martinez, Arturo I., E-mail: mtz.art@gmail.com [Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Cinvestav-Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila 25900 (Mexico); Herrera-Trejo, M. [Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Cinvestav-Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila 25900 (Mexico); Baggio-Saitovitch, E. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Río de Janeiro 22290-180 (Brazil)

    2016-05-15

    A rich variety of ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites (NCs) with specific size, composition and properties were obtained in transformation reactions of 2-line ferrihydrite. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations showed that the NCs consist of clusters of strongly aggregated nanoparticles (NPs) similarly to a “plum pudding”, where hematite NPs “raisins” are surrounded by ferrihydrite “pudding”. Magnetic measurements of the NCs correlate very well with TEM results; i.e., higher coercive fields correspond to greater hematite crystallite size. First order reversal curve (FORC) measurements were used for the characterization of the magnetic components of the NCs. FORC diagrams revealed that the NCs prepared at short times are composed by single domains with low coercivity, and NCs prepared at times larger than 60 min exhibited elongated distribution along the Hc axis. It suggested that these samples consist of mixtures of different kinds of hematite particles, ones with low coercivity and others with coercivity greater than 600 Oe. For NCs prepared at times larger than 60 min, Mossbauer spectroscopy revealed the presence of two sextets, which one was assigned to fine hematite particles and other to hematite particles with hyperfine parameters near to bulk hematite. The correlation of the structural and magnetic properties of the ferrihydrite/hematite NCs revealed important characteristics of these materials which have not been reported elsewhere. - Highlights: • Ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites were prepared. • The “plum pudding” morphology of the ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites was found. • The FORC diagrams of ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites have been measured.

  7. Structural and magnetic properties of granular CoPd multilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vivas, L.G.; Figueroa, A.I.; Bartolomé, F. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Física de la Materia Condensada, E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Rubín, J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales y Fluidos, E-50018 Zaragoza (Spain); García, L.M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Física de la Materia Condensada, E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Deranlot, C.; Petroff, F. [Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, F-91767 Palaiseau Cedex, France and Université Paris-Sud, F-191405 Orsay Cedex (France); Ruiz, L.; González-Calbet, J.M [Dept. de Química Inorgánica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Brookes, N.B.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), CS40220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Bartolomé, J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Física de la Materia Condensada, E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain)

    2016-02-15

    Multilayers of bimetallic CoPd alloyed and assembled nanoparticles, prepared by room temperature sequential sputtering deposition on amorphous alumina, were studied by means of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, SQUID-based magnetometry and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Alloying between Co and Pd in these nanoparticles gives rise to a high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Their magnetic properties are temperature dependent: at low temperature, the multilayers are ferromagnetic with a high coercive field; at intermediate temperature the behavior is of a soft-ferromagnet, and at higher temperature, the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in the nanoparticles disappears. The magnetic orbital moment to spin moment ratio is enhanced compared with Co bare nanoparticles and Co fcc bulk. - Highlights: • CoPd granular nanolayers show perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. • Three magnetic phases are detected: hard-ferro, soft-ferro and superparamagnetism. • The nanoparticles have Co-core and CoPd alloy shell morphology.

  8. Chalcopyrite Magnetic Semiconductors: An Ab-Initio Study of Their Structural, Electronic and Magnetic Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    STRUCTURAL, ELECTRONIC AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES S. PICOZZIt, A. CONTINENZAf, W. T. GENG§, Y. J. ZHAO5 and A. J. FREEMANW t INFM - Dip. Fisica , Univ...U.S.A.) ABSTRACT Stimulated by recent experimental observations of room temperature ferromagnetism of MnCdi_-GeP 2, we investigate the structural...alignment is the most stable ordering for all the systems studied, at variance with that experimentally reported. Moreover, we find that there is a

  9. Structural and magnetic properties of ball milled copper ferrite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goya, G.F.; Rechenberg, H.R.; Jiang, Jianzhong

    1998-01-01

    The structural and magnetic evolution in copper ferrite (CuFe2O4) caused by high-energy ball milling are investigated by x-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and magnetization measurements. Initially, the milling process reduces the average grain size of CuFe2O4 to about 6 nm and induces...

  10. Correlation of Crystalline Structure with Magnetic and Transport Properties of Glass-Coated Microwires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcady Zhukov

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available We overviewed the correlation between the structure, magnetic and transport properties of magnetic microwires prepared by the Taylor-Ulitovsky method involving rapid quenching from the melt and drawing of the composite (metallic core, glass coated wire. We showed that this method can be useful for the preparation of different families of magnetic microwires: soft magnetic microwires displaying Giant magnetoimpedance (GMI effect, semi-hard magnetic microwires, microwires with granular structure exhibiting Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR effect and Heusler-type microwires. Magnetic and transport properties of magnetic microwires depend on the chemical composition of metallic nucleus and on the structural features (grain size, precipitating phases of prepared microwires. In all families of crystalline microwires, their structure, magnetic and transport properties are affected by internal stresses induced by the glass coating, depending on the quenching rate. Therefore, properties of glass-coated microwires are considerably different from conventional bulk crystalline alloys.

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of chromium-doped ferrite nanopowders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, A.C.F.M., E-mail: anacristina@dema.ufcg.edu.b [Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande, Av. Aprigio Veloso - 882, Bodocongo, 58429-140 Campina Grande, PB (Brazil); Silva, V.J.; Ferreira, H.S. [Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande, Av. Aprigio Veloso - 882, Bodocongo, 58429-140 Campina Grande, PB (Brazil); Costa, A.A. [Department of Physics, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, PE (Brazil); Cornejo, D.R. [Institute of Physics, Sao Paulo University, 05508-900 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Kiminami, R.H.G.A. [Federal University of Sao Carlos, Department of Materials Engineering, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Gama, L. [Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande, Av. Aprigio Veloso - 882, Bodocongo, 58429-140 Campina Grande, PB (Brazil)

    2009-08-26

    This paper reports on a study of Cr{sup 3+}-doped nanosized Ni-Zn ferrites produced by combustion reaction, and evaluates their morphological and magnetic properties. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and SEM and magnetic properties. All the compositions showed the formation of the inverse spinel phase of Ni-Zn ferrite. The average crystallite size ranged from 21 to 26 nm. The saturation magnetization was found to be in the range of 53-43 emu/g. The increase in Cr{sup 3+} concentration in the Ni-Zn ferrite caused a reduction in hysteresis losses and a slight reduction in the saturation magnetization.

  12. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of MnB2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The self-consistent ab-initio calculations, based on density functional theory approach and using the full potential linear augmented plane wave method, are performed to investigate both electronic and magnetic properties of the MnB2 compounds. Polarized spin and spin–orbit coupling are included in calculations within ...

  13. Magnetic properties of dendrimer structures with different coordination numbers: A Monte Carlo study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masrour, R., E-mail: rachidmasrour@hotmail.com; Jabar, A.

    2016-11-01

    We investigate the magnetic properties of Cayley trees of large molecules with dendrimer structure using Monte Carlo simulations. The thermal magnetization and magnetic susceptibility of a dendrimer structure are given with different coordination numbers, Z=3, 4, 5 and different generations g=3 and 2. The variation of magnetizations with the exchange interactions and crystal fields have been given of this system. The magnetic hysteresis cycles have been established. - Highlights: • The dendrimer structure is investigated using Monte Carlo simulations. • The transition temperatures are obtained for different coordination numbers and generations. • The magnetic hysteresis cycle has been established. • The dendrimer structure exhibit the superparamagnetic behavior.

  14. Structure and magnetic properties of thin films and superlattices

    CERN Document Server

    Bentall, M J

    2002-01-01

    Thin layers of rare earth elements and Laves phase superlattices were grown using molecular beam epitaxy. Their structure and magnetic properties have been probed using x-ray and neutron scattering, magnetisation measurements and high resolution electron microscopy. When holmium is grown on yttrium, the x-ray scattering from layers with a thickness below T sub c ' 115 A is characteristic of a pseudomorphic layer with the same in-plane lattice parameter as the yttrium substrate to within 0.05%. For layers above T sub c ' there is a sharp reduction in misfit strain which is probably due to the creation of edge dislocations. When gadolinium is grown on yttrium, no sharp change of strain of the thin layer was observed up to a thickness of 2920 A. This is characteristic of a pseudomorphic layer, and a failure to nucleate dislocations. For the Laves phase superlattices, a study of the x-ray scattering near several Bragg reflections revealed the presence of numerous superlattice peaks, showing that the samples exhib...

  15. Structural and magnetic properties of Gd/Fe multilayers grown by pulsed laser deposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kant, K. Mohan; Bahl, Christian Robert Haffenden; Pryds, Nini

    2010-01-01

    This work investigates the structural and the magnetic properties of Gd/Fe multilayered thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition onto Si (001) substrates at room temperature. he Fe layer thickness is varied from 70 to 150 nm and its effect on the structural and magnetic properties of Fe/Gd/Fe ...

  16. Magnetic, structural, and dielectric properties of CuB(2)O(4)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nenert, G.; Bezmaternykh, L. N.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Palstra, T. T. M.

    2007-01-01

    We have studied the magnetic, structural, and dielectric properties of a single crystal of CuB(2)O(4). We show that both reported magnetic transitions are observable in the magnetization, irrespective of the measured direction of the crystal. This is in agreement with recent neutron data. More

  17. Structure and properties of sintered MM-Fe-B magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, R. X.; Xiong, J. F.; Li, R.; Zuo, W. L.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, T. Y.; Chen, R. J.; Sun, J. R.; Shen, B. G.

    2017-05-01

    MM14Fe79.9B6.1 magnets were prepared by conventional sintering method. The Curie temperature of the sintered MM2Fe14B magnet was about 210 °C. When the sintering temperature increased from 1010 °C to 1030 °C, the density of the magnet increased from 6.85 g/cm3 to 7.52 g/cm3. After the first stage tempering at 900 °C, the (BH)max and Hcj had a slight increase. The maximum value of (BH)max = 7.6 MGOe and Hcj = 1080 Oe was obtained when sintered at 1010 °C and tempering at 900 °C, respectively. The grain size grew very large when the sintering temperature increased to 1050 °C, and the magnetic properties deteriorated rapidly. La reduced by ˜ 7.5 at. % in grains, which is almost equal to the increased percentage of Nd. That is mainly because La-Fe-B is very difficult to form the 2: 14: 1 phase.

  18. Structure and properties of sintered MM–Fe–B magnets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. X. Shang

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available MM14Fe79.9B6.1 magnets were prepared by conventional sintering method. The Curie temperature of the sintered MM2Fe14B magnet was about 210 °C. When the sintering temperature increased from 1010 °C to 1030 °C, the density of the magnet increased from 6.85 g/cm3 to 7.52 g/cm3. After the first stage tempering at 900 °C, the (BHmax and Hcj had a slight increase. The maximum value of (BHmax = 7.6 MGOe and Hcj = 1080 Oe was obtained when sintered at 1010 °C and tempering at 900 °C, respectively. The grain size grew very large when the sintering temperature increased to 1050 °C, and the magnetic properties deteriorated rapidly. La reduced by ∼ 7.5 at. % in grains, which is almost equal to the increased percentage of Nd. That is mainly because La-Fe-B is very difficult to form the 2: 14: 1 phase.

  19. Structural, optical, magnetic and photocatalytic properties of Co doped CuS diluted magnetic semiconductor nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sreelekha, N.; Subramanyam, K. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Department of Physics, Raghu Engineering College, Visakhapatnam, Andrapradesh 531162 (India); Amaranatha Reddy, D. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Institute for Functional Materials, Pusan National University, Busan 609735 (Korea, Republic of); Murali, G. [Department of BIN Fusion Technology & Department of Polymer-Nano Science and Technology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk (Korea, Republic of); Ramu, S. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Rahul Varma, K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley (United States); Vijayalakshmi, R.P., E-mail: vijayaraguru@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India)

    2016-08-15

    Highlights: • Cu{sub 1−x}Co{sub x}S nanoparticles were synthesized via chemical co-precipitation method. • Structural, band gap, magnetization and photocatalysis studies were carried out. • All the doped samples exhibited intrinsic room temperature ferromagnetism. • Effect of magnetic properties on photocatalytic activity was analyzed. • CuS:Co nanoparticles may find applications in photocatalytic and spintronic devices. - Abstract: Pristine and Co doped covellite CuS nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous solution by facile chemical co-precipitation method with Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid (EDTA) as a stabilizing agent. EDAX measurements confirmed the presence of Co in the CuS host lattice. Hexagonal crystal structure of pure and Co doped CuS nanoparticles were authenticated by XRD patterns. TEM images indicated that sphere-shape of nanoparticles through a size ranging from 5 to 8 nm. The optical absorption edge moved to higher energies with increase in Co concentration as indicated by UV–vis spectroscopy. Magnetic measurements revealed that bare CuS sample show sign of diamagnetic character where as in Co doped nanoparticles augmentation of room temperature ferromagnetism was observed with increasing doping precursor concentrations. Photocatalytic performance of the pure and Co doped CuS nanoparticles were assessed by evaluating the degradation rate of rhodamine B solution under sun light irradiation. The 5% Co doped CuS nanoparticles provide evidence for high-quality photocatalytic activity.

  20. Magnetic, structural, and dielectric properties of CuB(2)O(4)

    OpenAIRE

    Nenert, G.; Bezmaternykh, L. N.; Vasiliev, A N; Palstra, T. T. M.

    2007-01-01

    We have studied the magnetic, structural, and dielectric properties of a single crystal of CuB(2)O(4). We show that both reported magnetic transitions are observable in the magnetization, irrespective of the measured direction of the crystal. This is in agreement with recent neutron data. More importantly, our study demonstrates the absence of dielectric anomalies at the various magnetic transitions despite the reported magnetoelectric symmetry. This demonstrates that the polarization remains...

  1. Structural and electronic properties of non-magnetic intermetallic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    heavy Fermion behaviour [3,4], half-metallic properties [5,6], mixed valent behaviour in Eu, Yb and Ce compounds [7–12], giant magnetoresistance [13] superconductivity [8,14], etc. Approximately 50 hexagonal RETX compounds crystal- lize in the LiGaGe structure, which can be thought of as a. REn+ ion stuffing a wurtzite ...

  2. Structure and magnetic properties of Fe/Fe oxide clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crisan, O., E-mail: ocrisan@yahoo.com; Haeften, K. von [University of Leicester, Condensed Matter Physics CMP (United Kingdom); Ellis, A. M. [University of Leicester, Department of Chemistry (United Kingdom); Binns, C. [University of Leicester, Condensed Matter Physics CMP (United Kingdom)

    2008-12-15

    Fe clusters have been synthesised in ultra-high-vacuum chamber using a gas-stabilized cluster aggregation method that ensures good control of the cluster size and naturally oxidized in order to obtain Fe/Fe oxide core-shell nanoparticles. The morphology of an individual nanoparticle, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy, consists of a Fe core of an average diameter of 4.4 nm surrounded by an oxide shell of uniform thickness of about 1.2 nm in average. The nanoparticles may be assimilated with a ferro-/antiferromagnetic (FM/AF) system. The morpho-structural features have been correlated with magnetic measurements on the core-shell nanoparticles. A significant exchange bias effect has been measured, when the sample was field-cooled under an applied field of 3 T. As the morphology of core-shell nanoclusters is much more complicated than in FM/AF bilayers of regular thickness due to the particular geometry of the coronal AF layer, the shape and surface anisotropy have to be taken into account for a correct interpretation of the magnetic data.

  3. Electronic structures and magnetic/optical properties of metal phthalocyanine complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baba, Shintaro; Suzuki, Atsushi, E-mail: suzuki@mat.usp.ac.jp; Oku, Takeo [Department of Materials Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture. 2500 Hassaka, Hikone, Shiga 522-8533 (Japan)

    2016-02-01

    Electronic structures and magnetic / optical properties of metal phthalocyanine complexes were studied by quantum calculations using density functional theory. Effects of central metal and expansion of π orbital on aromatic ring as conjugation system on the electronic structures, magnetic, optical properties and vibration modes of infrared and Raman spectra of metal phthalocyanines were investigated. Electron and charge density distribution and energy levels near frontier orbital and excited states were influenced by the deformed structures varied with central metal and charge. The magnetic parameters of chemical shifts in {sup 13}C-nuclear magnetic resonance ({sup 13}C-NMR), principle g-tensor, A-tensor, V-tensor of electric field gradient and asymmetry parameters derived from the deformed structures with magnetic interaction of nuclear quadruple interaction based on electron and charge density distribution with a bias of charge near ligand under crystal field.

  4. Magnetic Properties and Structure of Chromium Niobium Oxide and Iron Tantalum Oxide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørlund Christensen, A.; Johansson, T.; Lebech, Bente

    1976-01-01

    Crystal structures were obtained from X-ray powder patterns. The magnetic properties were investigated between 4.2 and 300K by magnetization measurements and neutron diffraction. Both compounds show spin-glass transitions at low temperatures. In CrNbO4, the cusp in the susceptibility is observed ...

  5. Structural, electrical and magnetic properties of transition metal nickel oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guoqing

    Neutron powder diffraction, high pressure, magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements, as well as x-ray powder diffraction and iodometric titration, have been conducted on transition metal nickel oxides (TMOs), representative Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) phases Lan+1NinO3n+1 (n = 1, 2, ..., infinity) and hole-doped La2-xSr xNiO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.2). The first complete study of La 2-xSrxNiO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.2) and La n+1NinO3n+1 (n = 2 and 3) phases under high pressure is produced. Strong direct experimental evidence for polaron dominated electrical conduction in these charge transfer (CT) gap La2-xSr xNiO4 compounds is provided. Temperature evolution of the crystal structure of La2-xSrxNiO4 (x = 1/4 and 1/3) is revealed through neutron powder diffraction, structural relationships among n = 1, 2, and 3 phases are exhibited, and charge density wave (CDW) in multilayer Lan+1NinO3n+1 phases is strongly suggested. No superconductivity is observed at pressures up to 1.6 GPa and temperatures down to 4.2 K.

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of Fe2CoGa Heusler nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Changhai; Casper, Frederick; Gasi, Teuta; Ksenofontov, Vadim; Balke, Benjamin; Fecher, Gerhard H.; Felser, Claudia; Hwu, Yeu-Kuang; Lee, Jeu-Jau

    2012-07-01

    Fe2CoGa Heusler nanoparticles are synthesized by a chemical method. The structure and magnetic properties of Fe2CoGa Heusler nanoparticles are investigated by x-ray diffraction, extended x-ray absorption fine structure and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The crystal structure of Fe2CoGa nanoparticles is described by the X-type structure (prototype: Li2AgSb). Magnetic measurements reveal the presence of small Fe2CoGa nanoparticles and lower magnetic moments compared with the theoretically predicted values.

  7. Structural and Magnetic Properties of Co-Mn-Sb Thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meinert, M.; Schmalhorst, J.-M.; Ebke, D.; Liu, N. N.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Kanak, J.; Stobiecki, T.; Arenholz, E.

    2009-12-17

    Thin Co-Mn-Sb films of different compositions were investigated and utilized as electrodes in alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFe counterelectrode. The preparation conditions were optimized with respect to magnetic and structural properties. The Co-Mn-Sb/Al-O interface was analyzed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism with particular focus on the element-specific magnetic moments. Co-Mn-Sb crystallizes in different complex cubic structures depending on its composition. The magnetic moments of Co and Mn are ferromagnetically coupled in all cases. A tunnel magnetoresistance ratio of up to 24% at 13 K was found and indicates that Co-Mn-Sb is not a ferromagnetic half-metal. These results are compared to recent works on the structure and predictions of the electronic properties.

  8. Effect of annealing on magnetic properties and structure of Fe-Ni based magnetic microwires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhukova, V. [Dpto. de Física de Materiales, Fac. Químicas, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Dpto. de Física Aplicada, EUPDS, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Korchuganova, O.A.; Aleev, A.A. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Tcherdyntsev, V.V.; Churyukanova, M. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Medvedeva, E.V. [Institute of Electrophysics, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences 620016 Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Seils, S.; Wagner, J. [Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ipatov, M. [Dpto. de Física de Materiales, Fac. Químicas, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Dpto. de Física Aplicada, EUPDS, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Blanco, J.M. [Dpto. de Física Aplicada, EUPDS, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Kaloshkin, S.D. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Aronin, A. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Insitute of Solid State Physics, Moscow Region, 142432 Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); Abrosimova, G.; Orlova, N. [Insitute of Solid State Physics, Moscow Region, 142432 Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); and others

    2017-07-01

    Highlights: • High domain wall mobility of Fe-Ni-based microwires. • Enhancement of domain wall velocity and mobility in Fe-rich microwires after annealing. • Observation of areas enriched by Si and depleted by B after annealing. • Phase separation in annealed Fe-Ni based microwires in metallic nucleus and near the interface layer. - Abstract: We studied the magnetic properties and domain wall (DW) dynamics of Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} and Fe{sub 77.5}Si{sub 7.5}B{sub 15} microwires. Both samples present rectangular hysteresis loop and fast magnetization switching. Considerable enhancement of DW velocity is observed in Fe{sub 77.5}Si{sub 7.5}B{sub 15}, while DW velocity of samples Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} is less affected by annealing. The other difference is the magnetic field range of the linear region on dependence of domain wall velocity upon magnetic field: in Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} sample is considerably shorter and drastically decreases after annealing. We discussed the influence of annealing on DW dynamics considering different magnetoelastic anisotropy of studied microwires and defects within the amorphous state in Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2}. Consequently we studied the structure of Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} sample using X-ray diffraction and the atom probe tomography. The results obtained using the atom probe tomography supports the formation of the B-depleted and Si-enriched precipitates in the metallic nucleus of Fe-Ni based microwires.

  9. Magnetic and structural properties of Co nanocluster thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koch, SA; Palasantzas, G; Vystavel, T; De Hosson, JTM; Binns, C; Louch, S

    In this work we report on the magnetic characterization of thin films composed of gas-phase cobalt nanoclusters deposited on surfaces. Measurements of magnetization curves at ambient temperature indicate a strong exchange interaction between the clusters, while at cryogenic temperatures an exchange

  10. Size Induced Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4), a well-known hard magnetic material high frequency applications and high-density recording media. Due to their good chemical and thermal stability, high permeability, high electrical resistivity, high saturation magnetization and coercivity etc. they found wide technological applications.

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of multi-core nanoparticles analysed using a generalised numerical inversion method

    OpenAIRE

    P. Bender; L. K. Bogart; O. Posth; W. Szczerba; S. E. Rogers; A. Castro; L. Nilsson; L. J. Zeng; A. Sugunan; J. Sommertune; A. Fornara; D. González-Alonso; L. Fernández Barquín; C. Johansson

    2017-01-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of magnetic multi-core particles were determined by numerical inversion of small angle scattering and isothermal magnetisation data. The investigated particles consist of iron oxide nanoparticle cores (9 nm) embedded in poly(styrene) spheres (160 nm). A thorough physical characterisation of the particles included transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation. Their structure was ultimately disclosed by...

  12. Magnetic and structural properties of yellow europium oxide compound and Eu(OH){sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Dongwook, E-mail: dongwookleedl324@gmail.com [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J Thomson Av., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Seo, Jiwon, E-mail: jiwonseo@yonsei.ac.kr [Department of Physics and IPAP, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Valladares, Luis de los Santos [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J Thomson Av., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Avalos Quispe, O. [Laboratorio de Cerámicos y Nanomateriales, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Ap. Postal 14-0149, Lima, Perú (Peru); Barnes, Crispin H.W. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J Thomson Av., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2015-08-15

    A new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound was prepared from europium oxide in a high vacuum environment. The structural and magnetic properties of the material were investigated. Owing to the absence of a crystal structure, the material exhibited a disordered magnetic behavior. In a reaction with deionized (DI) water without applied heat, the compound assumed a white color as soon as the DI water reached the powder, and the structure became polycrystalline Eu(OH){sub 3}. The magnetic properties, such as the thermal hysteresis, disappeared after the reaction with DI water, and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened. The magnetic properties of Eu(OH){sub 3} were also examined. Although Eu{sup 3+} is present in Eu(OH){sub 3}, a high magnetic moment due to the crystal field effect was observed. - Graphical abstract: (top left) Optical image of the yellow europium oxide compound. (top right) Optical image of the product of DI water and yellow europium oxide. (bottom) Magnetization curves as a function of temperature measured in various magnetic field. - Highlights: • We prepared a new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound from europium oxide. • We characterized the magnetic properties of the material which exhibits a disordered magnetic behavior such as thermal hysteresis. • The compound turned white (Eu(OH){sub 3}) as soon as the DI water reached the powder. • The thermal hysteresis disappeared after the reaction with DI water and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened.

  13. Structure and magnetic properties of chromium doped cobalt molybdenum nitrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guskos, Niko; Żołnierkiewicz, Grzegorz; Typek, Janusz; Guskos, Aleksander [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Piastów 48, 70-311 Szczecin (Poland); Adamski, Paweł; Moszyński, Dariusz [Institute of Inorganic Chemical Technology and Environment Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin (Poland)

    2016-09-15

    Four nanocomposites containing mixed phases of Co{sub 3}Mo{sub 3}N and Co{sub 2}Mo{sub 3}N doped with chromium have been prepared. A linear fit is found for relation between Co{sub 2}Mo{sub 3}N and chromium concentrations. The magnetization in ZFC and FC modes at different temperatures (2–300 K) and in applied magnetic fields (up to 70 kOe) have been investigated. It has been detected that many magnetic characteristics of the studied four nanocomposites correlate not with the chromium concentration but with nanocrystallite sizes. The obtained results were interpreted in terms of magnetic core-shell model of a nanoparticle involving paramagnetic core with two magnetic sublattices and a ferromagnetic shell related to chromium doping. - Highlights: • A new chromium doped mixed Co-Mn-N nanocomposites were synthesized. • Surface ferromagnetism was detected in a wide temperature range. • Core-shell model was applied to explain nanocomposites magnetism.

  14. The magnetic properties and structure of the quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet CoPS3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wildes, A. R.; Simonet, V.; Ressouche, E.; Ballou, R.; McIntyre, G. J.

    2017-11-01

    The magnetic properties and magnetic structure are presented for CoPS3, a quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet on a honeycomb lattice with a Néel temperature of TN ∼120 K. The compound is shown to have XY-like anisotropy in its susceptibility, and the anisotropy is analysed to extract crystal field parameters. For temperatures between 2 K and 300 K, no phase transitions were observed in the field-dependent magnetization up to 10 Tesla. Single-crystal neutron diffraction shows that the magnetic propagation vector is k  =  (0 1 0) with the moments mostly along the {a} axis and with a small component along the {c} axis, which largely verifies the previously-published magnetic structure for this compound. The magnetic Bragg peak intensity decreases with increasing temperature as a power law with exponent 2β = 0.60 +/- 0.01 for T > 0.9~TN .

  15. Structural effects on the magnetic hyperthermia properties of iron oxide nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric C. Abenojar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs are heavily explored as diagnostic and therapeutic agents due to their low cost, tunable properties, and biocompatibility. In particular, upon excitation with an alternating current (AC magnetic field, the NPs generate localized heat that can be exploited for therapeutic hyperthermia treatment of diseased cells or pathogenic microbes. In this review, we focus on how structural changes and inter-particle interactions affect the heating efficiency of iron oxide-based magnetic NPs. Moreover, we present an overview of the different approaches to evaluate the heating performance of IONPs and introduce a new theranostic modality based on magnetic imaging guided–hyperthermia.

  16. Structural and magnetic properties of nano-crystalline Ag + doped NiFe 2O 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, M. A.; El-Dek, S. I.; El-Kashef, I. M.; Helmy, N.

    2011-05-01

    Ni ferrite nanoparticles were prepared using citrate method. XRD pattern revealed the formation of the samples as synthesized in the spinel cubic structure. Silver doping effect on the magnetic properties of Ni ferrite was investigated. The lattice parameter was slightly increased while the values of the Curie temperature decreased with increasing Ag content. The magnetic susceptibility was measured using Faraday's method and the calculated magnetic constants were reported. The data showed that χM and effective magnetic moment decrease with increasing Ag content.

  17. Influence of the structural properties on the pseudocritical magnetic behavior of single-wall ferromagnetic nanotubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar-Enriquez, C.D. [PCM Computational Applications, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Manizales, A.A. 127 Manizales (Colombia); Restrepo-Parra, E., E-mail: erestrepopa@unal.edu.co [PCM Computational Applications, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Manizales, A.A. 127 Manizales (Colombia); Restrepo, J. [Grupo de Magnetismo y Simulacion Gplus, Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Antioquia, A.A. 1226 Medellin (Colombia)

    2012-04-15

    In this work we address the influence of the crystalline structure, concretely when the system under study is formed by square or hexagonal unit cells, upon the magnetic properties and pseudocritical behavior of single-wall ferromagnetic nanotubes. We focus not only on the effect of the geometrical shape of the unit cell but also on their dimensions. The model employed is based on the Monte Carlo method, the Metropolis dynamics and a nearest neighbors classical Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Magnetization per magnetic site, magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and magnetic energy were computed. These properties were computed varying the system size, unit cell dimension and temperature. The dependence of the nearest neighbor exchange integral on the nanotubes geometrical characteristics is also discussed. Results revealed a strong influence of the system topology on the magnetic properties caused by the difference in the coordination number between square and hexagonal unit cell. Moreover, the nanotubes diameter influence on magnetic properties is only observed at very low values, when the distance between atoms is less than it, presented by the 2D sheet. On the other hand, it was concluded that the surface-related finite-size effects do not influence the magnetic nanotubes properties, contrary to the case of other nano-systems as thin films and nanoparticles among others. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unit cell geometry has strong influence on the magnetic properties in ferromagnetic nanotubes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The nanotube diameter increase produces a decrease of interaction between nearest neighbor. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Surface-related finite-size effects do not influence the magnetic nanotubes properties.

  18. Structural and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline FeNiMioB precursor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vojtanik, P; Matejko, R; Varga, R; Ocelik, Vaclav; Baryakhtar, VG

    2001-01-01

    The magnetic and structural properties of amorphous Fe40Ni39Mo4B18 alloy which is a precursor of new nanocrystalline material have been investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the temperature dependence of resistivity were used to determine the structural stability and the

  19. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of selected lanthanide and actinide intermetallic Laves-phase alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Olle; Johansson, Börje; Brooks, M. S. S.

    1989-01-01

    The electronic structure and magnetic properties of some yttrium and uranium Laves-phase pseudobinary alloys with 3d elements have been calculated. The calculations were done by simulating the electronic structure of the alloy by that of an ordered compound with the same stoichiometry. In general...

  20. Structural and magnetic properties of mechanochemically synthesized nanocrystalline titanium monoxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barudžija Tanja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nano-sized titanium monoxide (TiO powder was prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. A mixture of commercial Ti and TiO2 (rutile powders with the molar ratio of 1:1 was milled in a planetary ball mill for 5, 10, 20, 30 and 60 min under argon atmosphere. The final single-phase titanium monoxide sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, magnetic measurements using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA. The temperature dependency of the magnetic susceptibility is characterized by significant contribution of Pauli paramagnetism due to conduction electrons.

  1. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type graphene, BN and BC2N nanoribbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, T.; Azevedo, S.; Kaschny, J. R.

    2017-04-01

    Graphene nanoribbons are predicted to be essential components in future nanoelectronics. The size, edge type, arrangement of atoms and width of nanoribbons drastically change their properties. Boronnitrogencarbon nanoribbons properties are not fully understood so far. In the present contribution it was investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type carbon, boron nitride and BC2N nanoribbons, using first-principles calculations. The results indicate that the structural stability is closely related to the discrepancies in the bond lengths, which can induce structural deformations and stress. Such nanoribbons present a wide range of electronic behaviors, depending on their composition and particularities of the atomic arrangement. A net magnetic moment is found for structures that present carbon atoms at the nanoribbon borders. Nevertheless, the calculated magnetic moment depends on the peculiarities of the symmetric arrangement of atoms and imbalance of carbon atoms between different sublattices. It was found that all structures which have a significant energy gap do not present magnetic moment, and vice-versa. Such result indicates the strong correlation between the electronic and magnetic properties of the chevron-type nanoribbons.

  2. Structures, energetics and magnetic properties of AunSFem and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bheema

    This complete coating can prevent iron from oxidation and may also prevent coalescence of iron clusters and formation of thromboses. The coupling of iron atoms in this work remains ferromagnetic irrespective of the number of gold atoms in the cluster. Keywords: Cluster, Magnetic moment, Coating, Nanoparticles. 1.

  3. Investigations on structural, optical and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1Department of Petrochemical Technology, Anna University – BIT Campus, Thiruchirappalli 620024, India. 2Department of Physics and ... temperature combustion strategy using hexamine as a fuel. The obtained β-Fe2(MoO4)3 ... methanol–formaldehyde oxidations [18–21], dye degra- dation [22] and magnetic devices [23] ...

  4. Sterically stabilized water based magnetic fluids: Synthesis, structure and properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bica, Doina [Laboratory of Magnetic Fluids, Center for Fundamental and Advanced Technical Research, Romanian Academy, Timisoara Division, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 24, 300223 Timisoara (Romania); Vekas, Ladislau [Laboratory of Magnetic Fluids, Center for Fundamental and Advanced Technical Research, Romanian Academy, Timisoara Division, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 24, 300223 Timisoara (Romania) and National Centre for Engineering of Systems with Complex Fluids, University Politehnica Timisoara, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 1, 300222 Timisoara (Romania)]. E-mail: vekas@acad-tim.tm.edu.ro; Avdeev, Mikhail V. [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Marinica, Oana [National Centre for Engineering of Systems with Complex Fluids, University Politehnica Timisoara, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 1, 300222 Timisoara (Romania); Socoliuc, Vlad [National Institute R and D for Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter, Str. Diaconu Coressi 144, 300588 Timisoara (Romania); Balasoiu, Maria [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Garamus, Vasil M. [GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht (Germany)

    2007-04-15

    Magnetic fluids (MFs), prepared by chemical co-precipitation followed by double layer steric and electrostatic (combined) stabilization of magnetite nanoparticles dispersed in water, are presented. Several combinations of surfactants with different chain lengths (lauric acid (LA), myristic acid (MA), oleic acid (OA) and dodecyl-benzene-sulphonic acid (DBS)) were used, such as LA+LA, MA+MA, LA+DBS, MA+DBS, OA+DBS, OA+OA and DBS+DBS. Static light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, small angle neutron scattering, magnetic and magneto-rheological measurements revealed that MFs with MA+MA or LA+LA biocompatible double layer covered magnetite nanoparticles are the most stable colloidal systems among the investigated samples, and thus suitable for biomedical applications.

  5. Thermal, magnetic, and structural properties of soft magnetic FeCrNbCuSiB alloy ribbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosales-Rivera, A. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 127, Manizales (Colombia)]. E-mail: arosalesr@unal.edu.co; Valencia, V.H. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 127, Manizales (Colombia); Quintero, D.L. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 127, Manizales (Colombia); Pineda-Gomez, P. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 127, Manizales (Colombia); Gomez, M. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, A.A. 127, Manizales (Colombia)

    2006-10-01

    The thermal, magnetic and structural properties of amorphous magnetic Fe{sub 73.5-x}Cr{sub x}Nb{sub 3}Cu{sub 1}Si{sub 13.5}B{sub 9} alloy ribbons, with x=0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10, were studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), magneto-impedance measurements and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The ribbons exhibit ultrasoft magnetic behavior, especially giant magneto-impedance effect, GMI. A three-peak behavior was observed in GMI curves. Particular attention has been given to observation of crystallization kinetics via DSC and TGA. The primary crystallization T{sub pcr}, and Curie T{sub c}, temperatures were determined from DSC and TGA data, respectively. The effect of partial substitution of iron by Cr on the thermal and magnetic properties is discussed.

  6. Magnetic and structural properties of cobalt and nickel ferrites obtained by combustion method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, D.K.S.; Melo, D.M.A.; Araujo, J.H.; Costa, A.F. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), RN (Brazil); Pimentel, P.M. [Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Arido (UFERSA), Mossoro, RN (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    Spinel-type ferrites have shown great potential for applications due to their optical electrical and magnetic properties. It has been reported that magnetic properties of ferrites depend on composition and cation distribution. According to the occupancy of cations in the A and B sites, these materials can exhibit ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic behavior . In this work cobalt and nickel ferrites were prepared by microwave-assisted self-combustion synthesis. This synthesis process is a cost efficient method used to produce homogeneous and fine particles with high reproducibility. The resulting powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction combined with the Rietveld refinement method, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and magnetic measurements. The Rietveld XRD data had shown to formation of the partially inverse spinel-type structure. SEM images revealed the formation of irregular porous powders. It is observed that the saturation magnetization and coercive field decreases with the presence of nickel in spinel structure. (author)

  7. Magnetic properties and structure of low temperature phase MnBi with island structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Masashi; Tanaka, Yoshitomo; Satoh, Takuya; Mankey, Gary; Schad, Rainer; Suzuki, Takao

    2017-05-01

    The magnetic properties of the low temperature phase (LTP) MnBi thin films of islands structure are discussed. The LTP MnBi islands are formed onto silica substrates after the multilayers Bi(3.2nm)/Mn(2nm)x N are deposited and then annealed at 450C for 0.5hr, where N is the number of the repetition of a pair of Mn and Bi layer. Those islands are found to be of the LTP MnBi, with the c-axis orientation along the normal to the sample plane for N=10 ˜ 40. Their size vary from place to place, but are averagely of about a few hundred nm in height and a few μm in width for N from 10 to 40. For N=200, the elongated islands are formed densely, with the length of about a few tens of μm. The coverage of those islands increases with N. The temperature dependence of saturation magnetization Ms is qualitatively similar to that for bulk, though the absolute values for Ms are smaller by 20%. The magnetic anisotropy constants of Ku1 and Ku2 are evaluated for the samples with N=10 ˜ 40, where Ku1 and Ku2 are the magnetic anisotropy constants corresponding to the second and fourth power term in the uniaxial magnetic anisotropy energy expression. It is found that the Ku1 increases with T monotonously, reaching to about 1x107 erg/cc at 400K. On the other hand, the Ku2 remains nearly zero for temperatures below 300K, and then becomes negative, reaching to about 7 x 106 erg/cc at 400K. This is the first to report of the temperature dependence of Ku1 and Ku2 in the LTP MnBi of an island structure. It is also noted that the decrease of Ku for a temperature range beyond around 450 K is possibly due to the decrease of the Ku2 component, as demonstrated in the present study.

  8. The magnetic, electrical and structural properties of copper-permalloy alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qader, Makram A.; Vishina, Alena; Yu, Lei; Garcia, Cougar; Singh, R. K.; Rizzo, N. D.; Huang, Mengchu; Chamberlin, Ralph; Belashchenko, K. D.; van Schilfgaarde, Mark; Newman, N.

    2017-11-01

    Copper-permalloy [Cu1-x(Ni80Fe20)x] alloy films were deposited by co-sputtering and their chemical, structural, magnetic, and electrical properties were characterized. These films are found to have favorable weak ferromagnetic properties for low temperature magnetoelectronic applications. Our results show that by varying the composition, the saturation magnetization (Ms) can be tuned from 700 emu/cm3 to 0 and the Curie temperature (Tc), can be adjusted from 900 K to 0 K. The Ms and Tc are found to scale linearly between x = 25% and 100%. Electronic structure calculations are used to provide a strong fundamental understanding of the mechanisms responsible for establishing the observed electrical and magnetic properties. The theoretical results also show that the introduction of Cu into the permalloy lattice results in very strong spin scattering in the minority spin channel, with only moderate interactions in the majority channel.

  9. Magnetic and structure properties of Cd doping Bi-2223 superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SE Mousavi Ghahfarokhi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, Bi1.64-xPb0.36CdxSr2Ca2Cu3Oy (BPCSCCO superconductor with x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.04 and 0.06 is made by the solid state reaction method. The magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed using AC susceptometer. The microstructure and morphology of the samples have been studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray. The results show that the partial substitution of Pb for Bi in the Bi-based superconductor increases the volume fraction of Bi-2223 phase. We also found that by doping of Cd, the high Tc phase is promoted and stabilized in the Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system. The results of the X-Ray diffraction patterns and magnetic susceptibility measurements show that the low amount of Cd and long annealing time enhance the fraction of Bi-2223 phase. The maximum value volume fraction of Bi-2223 phase for sample with annealing time of 270 hours and 0.04 of Cd doping is obtained

  10. Preparation and magnetic properties of the Sr-hexaferrite with foam structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerrero, A.L., E-mail: azdlobo@gmail.com [Instituto de Física-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Facultad de Ingeniería-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Espericueta, D.L. [Facultad de Ingeniería-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Palomares-Sánchez, S.A. [Facultad de Ciencias-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Elizalde-Galindo, J.T. [Instituto de Ingeniería y Tecnología-UACJ, Av. Plutarco Elías Calles 1210, Fovissste Chamizal, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (Mexico); Watts, B.E [IMEM-CNR, Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A, 43124 Parma (Italy); Mirabal-García, M. [Instituto de Física-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico)

    2016-12-01

    This work reports an optimal way to fabricate strontium hexaferrite with porous-reticulated structure using a variation of the replication technique and taking two different precursors, one obtained from the coprecipitation and the other from the ceramic method. Changes made to the original replication technique include the addition of Arabic gum as binder, and the addition of ethylene glycol to form the ceramic sludge. In addition, some parameters such as the relation between solid material and liquid phase, the quantity of binder and the heat treatment were varied to obtain high quality magnetic foams. Two polymeric sponges were used as patterns, one with average pore size of 300 μm diameter and the other with 1100 μm. The characterization of the samples included the analysis of the structure and phase purity, the magnetic properties, the remanence properties, magnetic interactions and the microstructural characteristics. Results indicate that both, the powder precursors and the polymeric pattern play an important role in the configuration of the foam structure and this configuration has an important influence on the dipolar interactions which tend to demagnetize the samples. In addition, it was analyzed the behavior between the minimum value of the δM curves and the hysteresis properties. - Highlights: • New way to obtain Sr-hexaferrite with foam structure and high magnetic performance. • Relation between pore structure and the magnetic properties in ceramic foams. • Analysis of magnetostatic interactions with the magnetism of Sr-hexaferrite foams. • Relation between microstructural characteristics and the magnetization of the foams.

  11. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of the polyoxovanadate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (NH2(CH2)2NH2)5][{Zn(NH2(CH2)2NH2)2}2{V18O42(H2O)}] ⋅ x H2O ( ∼ 12), possessing a layered structure. Srinivasan ... Keywords. Polyoxovanadate clusters; layerd structure; Zn-ethylenediamine complex; frustrated behaviour.

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of core-shell iron-iron oxide nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhn, Luise Theil; Bojesen, A.; Timmermann, L.

    2002-01-01

    magnetite (Fe3O4). We observed that the nanoparticles were stable against further oxidation, and Mossbauer spectroscopy at high applied magnetic fields and low temperatures revealed a stable form of partly oxidized magnetite. The nanocrystalline structure of the oxide shell results in strong canting......We present studies of the structural and magnetic properties of core-shell iron-iron oxide nanoparticles. alpha-Fe nanoparticles were fabricated by sputtering and subsequently covered with a protective nanocrystalline oxide shell consisting of either maghaemite (gamma-Fe2O3) or partially oxidized...... of the spin structure in the oxide shell, which thereby modifies the magnetic properties of the core-shell nanoparticles....

  13. Electronic structures and magnetic properties of RB4 (R =Yb,Pr,Gd,Tb,Dy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, H. C.; Laref, Amel; Shim, J. H.; Kwon, S. K.; Min, B. I.

    2009-04-01

    Most rare-earth tetraborides RB4 have antiferromagnetic ground states except for YbB4 and PrB4. We have investigated the electronic structures and magnetic properties of RB4 (R =Yb,Pr,Gd,Tb,Dy) employing the first-principles total energy band method. It is found that YbB4 has the paramagnetic ground state, while the other tetraborides are in the magnetic ground state, which is in agreement with experiments. We have obtained the spin and orbital magnetic moments and discussed the importance of the spin-orbit interaction and the on-site Coulomb repulsion (U ) in these systems.

  14. Chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of LaFeCoSi alloy: Surface and bulk properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lollobrigida, V. [Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy); Basso, V.; Kuepferling, M.; Coïsson, M.; Olivetti, E. S.; Celegato, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), I-10135 Torino (Italy); Borgatti, F. [CNR, Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati (ISMN), I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Torelli, P.; Panaccione, G. [CNR, Istituto Officina dei Materiali (IOM), Lab. TASC, I-34149 Trieste (Italy); Tortora, L. [Laboratorio di Analisi di Superficie, Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Università Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Stefani, G.; Offi, F. [Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy)

    2014-05-28

    We investigate the chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of the magnetocaloric LaFeCoSi compound with bulk and surface sensitive techniques. We put in evidence that the surface retains a soft ferromagnetic behavior at temperatures higher than the Curie temperature of the bulk due to the presence of Fe clusters at the surface only. This peculiar magnetic surface effect is attributed to the exchange interaction between the ferromagnetic Fe clusters located at the surface and the bulk magnetocaloric alloy, and it is used here to monitor the magnetic properties of the alloy itself.

  15. Structure stability and magnetic properties of OsnB (n= 11–20) clusters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The structure and magnetic properties of OsB( = 11–20) clusters have been systematically investigated by using density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). For each size, the average binding energy per atom, the second-order differences of total energies, the dissociation energies ...

  16. Electronic structure, cohesive, and magnetic properties of the actinide-iridium Laves phases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, O.; Johansson, B.; Brooks, M. S. S.

    1989-01-01

    The electronic structure of the isostructural AIr2 systems (A=Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, and Am) has been obtained by means of the scalar relativistic and fully relativistic linear muffin-tin orbital techniques. Ground-state properties such as lattice constants and onset of magnetic order have been...

  17. Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Sm 3 Ni 5 Al 19 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Sm3Ni5Al19: A compound in the Sm2n+mNi4n+mAl15n+4m homologous series. Udumula Subbarao Aloke Kumar Ghosh Sumanta Sarkar Sebastian C Peter. Special issue on Chemical Crystallography Volume 126 Issue 5 September 2014 pp 1605-1613 ...

  18. Structural and optical properties of diluted magnetic Ga1− xMnxAs ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 40; Issue 7. Structural and optical properties of diluted magnetic Ga 1 − x Mn x As–AlAs quantum wells grown on high-index GaAs planes. MUSTAFA GUNES CEBRAIL GUMUS YARA GALVÃO GOBATO MOHAMED HENINI. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp ...

  19. Structure stability and magnetic properties of OsnB (n = 11–20 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    OsnB (n = 11–20) clusters; structure stability; magnetic property. 1. Introduction. Recently, much attention has been paid to study the atomic clusters, especially the doped clusters in theory and exper- iment, because the doped clusters exhibit special proper- ties that are different from the pure clusters. When different.

  20. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of La1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The thermal decomposition process investigated by means of differential and thermal gravimetric analysis (TG–DTA) showed that the use of PVA as a fuel was satisfactory in the synthesis of the perovskite manganite compound. Structural study using X-ray diffraction showed that all the samples were single phasic without ...

  1. Structural characterization and adsorption properties of pluronic F127 onto iron oxides magnetic nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehvari, Khalilalrahman; Lin, Kuen-Song; Wang, Steven S S

    2014-03-01

    Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated with polymers have shown low toxicity and chemical stability in physiological condition, thereby can be used to deliver encapsulated drugs throughout the body by external magnetic fields. In this study, magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized thorough co-precipitation method and their interaction with Pluronic F127 block copolymer as well as adsorption properties of polymer onto nanoparticles were investigated. Adsorption measurement revealed different adsorption behaviors below and above the polymer's critical micelle concentration. The Freundlich isotherm was found to better describe the adsorption behavior of Pluronic F127 onto SIONPs particles below the block copolymer critical micelle concentration. At higher concentration, the adsorbed amount is likely to diminish due to interpenetration of the adsorbed macromolecular micelles and volume-excluded effects for block copolymers. Furthermore, magnetic nanocomposites with different concentration of polymers were prepared through hydrothermal method. The crystalline structure, morphology, pore structure, and magnetic properties of magnetic nanoparticles/nanocomposites products at different pH and polymer concentration were studied. Results showed that due to the hematite impurities, magnetic nanocomposites synthesized at higher pH have lower magnetization.

  2. Structures, phase transitions, and magnetic properties of C o3Si from first-principles calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xin; Yu, Shu; Wu, Shunqing; Nguyen, Manh Cuong; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Ho, Kai-Ming

    2017-07-01

    C o3Si was recently reported to exhibit remarkable magnetic properties in the nanoparticle form [B. Balasubramanian et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 152406 (2016)], 10.1063/1.4945987, yet better understanding of this material should be promoted. Here we report a study on the crystal structures of C o3Si using an adaptive genetic algorithm and discuss its electronic and magnetic properties from first-principles calculations. Several competing phases of C o3Si have been revealed from our calculations. We show that the hexagonal C o3Si structure reported in experiments has lower energy in the nonmagnetic state than in the ferromagnetic state at zero temperature. The ferromagnetic state of the hexagonal structure is dynamically unstable with imaginary phonon modes and transforms into a new orthorhombic structure, which is confirmed by our structure searches to have the lowest energy for both C o3Si and C o3Ge . Magnetic properties of the experimental hexagonal structure and the lowest-energy structures obtained from our structure searches are investigated in detail.

  3. Effect of heat treatment on structure and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wintec

    Figure 1. XRD patterns of the Fe46Co35Ni19/CNTs nanocom- posite reduced at different temperatures for 4 h. sites reduced at different temperatures for 4 h. A transi- tion of the crystalline structure from bcc phase to fcc–bcc dual phase was observed with increasing reducing tem- perature (Tr). When Tr = 300°С, 350°С, the ...

  4. Tuning structural and magnetic properties of Fe films on Si substrates by hydrogenation processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandu, S.G. [National Institute of Materials Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Bucharest University, Faculty of Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Palade, P.; Schinteie, G. [National Institute of Materials Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Birsan, A. [National Institute of Materials Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Bucharest University, Faculty of Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Trupina, L. [National Institute of Materials Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Kuncser, V., E-mail: kuncser@infim.ro [National Institute of Materials Physics, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • Fe films have been grown on Si(0 0 1) substrates and subsequently hydrogenated. • As deposited films present soft magnetic character and a strong magnetic texture. • Structural and magnetic properties can be tuned via hydrogenation treatments. • Ferromagnetic/semiconductor interfaces might be manipulated via hydrogenation. -- Abstract: In order to study specific phenomena at ferromagnetic/semiconducting interfaces, of potentially high interest in spintronics and information technology, structural aspects and magnetic properties of Fe thin films grown on Si(0 0 1) substrates by RF sputtering have been investigated using {sup 57}Fe conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) and magneto-optic Keer effect (MOKE). Films of different thicknesses have been deposited either directly on crystalline Si substrates or on Cu buffer layers. An inherent Fe oxide layer is observed in all as prepared films, with a relative thickness decreasing drastically with the deposition time. The Cu buffer layer does not diminish either the interfacial diffusion or the oxidation process. An efficient method to prepare sharper oxygen- and silicon-free interfaces for an improved spin injection, via thermal treatment in hydrogen atmosphere, is proposed. Accordingly, the hydrogenation treatments are very efficient in the modification of the ferromagnetic film structure, phase composition, magnetic properties and interfacial mixing.

  5. Structure and magnetic properties of PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Qiang; Guo, Yongquan [North China Electric Power University, School of Energy Power and Mechanical Engineering, Beijing (China)

    2016-04-15

    The synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x} have been systematically investigated using X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements. Co doping into PrIn{sub 3} causes the presence of satellite peaks, which has been indexed as a hexagonal structure. Rietveld's structural refinement shows this structure is an isomorphic structure of CaIn{sub 2} type with a space group of P6{sub 3}/mmc and Z=2. There are two non-equivalent crystal positions in one unit cell, which are occupied by 2Pr and 4(In,Co), respectively. Doping of Co into PrIn{sub 3} induces room temperature ferromagnetic order, and the magnetization increases with increasing Co content. It is suggested that the ferromagnetism in PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x} is caused by the spin-spin interactions between Co and Co or Co and Pr. The magnetic moment increase of PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x} could result from the partial substitution of non-magnetic element In by magnetic element Co in the host material through dilute doping of Co, and thus, a net moment is produced. (orig.)

  6. Magnetic and Structural Properties of Magnetite in Radular Teeth of Chiton Acanthochiton Rubrolinestus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Y. N.; Liu, C. L.; Yao, L. D.; Wang, Y.; Han, X. F.

    2008-03-01

    The major radular lateral teeth of Polyplacophora Chiton comprise a magnetite biomineral cap.We have investigated the structure and magnetic properties of the biomineralized magnetite crystallites in mature teeth of Chiton Acanthochiton Rubrolinestus. From the measurement of magnetic properties of tooth particles using SQUID magnetometry we find that the saturation magnetization and the Verwey transition temperature (Tv) are 78.4 emu/g and 105 K, respectively. An in situ examination of the structure of magnetite-bearing region within individual tooth using the high resolution TEM, together with electron diffraction (ED) pattern and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses indicates magnetite microcrystal form electron-dense polycrystalline sheets with typical length 800 nm and width 150 nm or so. These polycrystalline sheets are arranged regularly along the longitude direction of the tooth cutting surface. Furthermore, the microcrystallites in polycrystalline sheet take on the generally good crystallinity.

  7. Structural and magnetic properties of new uniaxial nanocrystalline Pr5Co19 compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouzidi, W.; Mliki, N.; Bessais, L.

    2017-11-01

    Highly-coercive nanocrystalline Pr5Co19 powders have been synthesized by mechanical milling for the first time. The structural properties are studied by X-ray diffraction and refined with Rietveld method. This analysis revealed that whatever annealing temperature, samples crystallize in the rhombohedral (3R) of Ce5Co19-type structure (space group R 3 bar m). The magnetization curve as a function of temperature shows a magnetic transition state at the Curie temperature TC = 690 K. The optimum hard magnetic properties have been obtained for Pr5Co19 milled for 5 h and annealed at 1048 K for 30 min. These alloys exhibit a coercivity of 15 kOe at room temperature. This high coercivity is attributed to the high uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy, nanoscale grain size, and to the homogeneous nanostructure developed by mechanical milling process and subsequent annealing.

  8. Structural and magnetic properties of FeCoC system obtained by mechanical alloying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rincón Soler, A. I.; Rodríguez Jacobo, R. R.; Medina Barreto, M. H.; Cruz-Muñoz, B.

    2017-11-01

    Fe96-XCoXC4 (x = 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 at. %) alloys were obtained by mechanical alloying of Fe, C and Co powders using high-energy milling. The structural and magnetic properties of the alloy system were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) and Mössbauer Spectrometry at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed a BCC-FeCoC structure phase for all samples, as well as a lattice parameter that slightly decreases with Co content. The saturation magnetization and coercive field were analyzed as a function of Co content. The Mössbauer spectra were fitted with a hyperfine magnetic field distribution showing the ferromagnetic behavior and the disordered character of the samples. The mean hyperfine magnetic field remained nearly constant (358 T) with Co content.

  9. Structural and magnetic properties of FeCoC system obtained by mechanical alloying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rincón Soler, A. I. [Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Fac. de Ciencias, Depto. de Física (Colombia); Rodríguez Jacobo, R. R., E-mail: rrrodriguez@uao.edu.co [Universidad Autónoma de Occidente, Fac. de Ciencias Básicas, Depto. de Física (Colombia); Medina Barreto, M. H.; Cruz-Muñoz, B. [Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Fac. de Ciencias, Depto. de Física (Colombia)

    2017-11-15

    Fe{sub 96−X}Co{sub X}C{sub 4} (x = 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 at. %) alloys were obtained by mechanical alloying of Fe, C and Co powders using high-energy milling. The structural and magnetic properties of the alloy system were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) and Mössbauer Spectrometry at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed a BCC-FeCoC structure phase for all samples, as well as a lattice parameter that slightly decreases with Co content. The saturation magnetization and coercive field were analyzed as a function of Co content. The Mössbauer spectra were fitted with a hyperfine magnetic field distribution showing the ferromagnetic behavior and the disordered character of the samples. The mean hyperfine magnetic field remained nearly constant (358 T) with Co content.

  10. Spin orientation, structure, morphology, and magnetic properties of hematite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, S., E-mail: siyang10000@gmail.com [Western Digital Corporation, San Jose, California 95138 (United States); Habib, A. H. [Intel Corporation, Chandler, Arizona 85226 (United States); Gee, S. H. [Seagate Technology, Bloomington, Minnesota 55435 (United States); Hong, Y. K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States); McHenry, M. E. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

    2015-05-07

    Monodisperse hematite (α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) nanoparticles were synthesized by forced hydrolysis of acidic Fe{sup 3+} solution. Rietveld analysis was applied to the X-ray powder diffraction data to refine the lattice constants and atomic positions. The lattice constants for a hexagonal unit cell were determined to be a ∼ 0.50327 and c ∼ 1.37521 nm. High resolution transmission electron microscopy was employed to study the morphology of the particles. Atomic scale micrographs and diffraction patterns from several zone axes were obtained. These reveal the high degree of crystallinity of the particles. A series of observations made on the particles by tilting them through a range of ±45° revealed the particles to be micaceous with stacking of platelets with well defined crystallographic orientations. The Morin transition in these nanoparticles was found to occur at 210 K, which is lower temperature than 263 K of bulk hematite. It was ascertained from the previous Mössbauer studies that the spin orientation for nano-sized hematite particle flips from 90° to 28° with respect to the c-axis of the hexagonal structure during the Morin transition, which is in contrast to that observed in bulk hematite where spin orientation flips from 90° to 0°.

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of Co-substituted NiCu ferrite nanopowders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Le-Zhong; Zhong, Xiao-Xi; Wang, Rui; Tu, Xiao-Qiang; Peng, Long

    2017-07-01

    Co-substituted NiCu ferrite nanopowders with the chemical formula Ni0.5-xCu0.5-xCo2xFe2O4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.50) were synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method. The effects of Co substitution on the cation distribution, structural and magnetic properties of the NiCu ferrite nanopowders have been investigated. Differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) measurements were used to characterize the chemical, structural and magnetic properties of the ferrite nanopowders, respectively. The DTA-TG results indicate that there are three steps of the combustion process. XRD results indicate that there are Fe2O3 and CuO impurity phases when x ≤ 0.10. Furthermore, the lattice parameter increases, and the X-ray density and the average crystallite size decrease with increasing Co substitution. And the obtained particle size from TEM image is in very good agreement with the average crystallite size estimated by XRD measurements. The saturation magnetization and coercivity monotonically increase with the increase of Co substitution. The increase of the saturation magnetization is due to the substitution of Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions with lower magnetic moment by Co2+ ions with higher magnetic moment on the octahedral sites. And the increase of the coercivity is mainly due to the increase of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy.

  12. Crystal structure, magnetic properties and advances in hexaferrites: A brief review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jotania, Rajshree

    2014-10-01

    Hexaferrites are hard magnetic materials and specifically ferri-magnetic oxides with hexagonal magnetoplumbite type crystallographic structure. Hexagonal ferrites are used as permanent magnets, high-density perpendicular and magneto-optical recording media, and microwave devices like resonance isolators, filters, circulators, phase shifters because of their high magnetic permeability, high electrical resistivity and moderable permittivity. In addition to these; hexagonal ferrites have excellent chemical stability, mechanical hardness and low eddy current loss at high frequencies. The preparation of hexaferrites is a complicated process. Various experimental techniques like standard ceramic techniques, solvent free synthesis route, co precipitation, salt-melt, ion exchange, sol-gel, citrate synthesis, hydrothermal synthesis, spray drying, water-in-oil microemulsion, reverse micelle etc are used to prepare hexaferrite materials. Structural, dielectric and magnetic properties, crystallite size of hexaferrites depend upon nature of substituted ions, method of preparation, sintering temperature and time. The recent interest is nanotechnology, the development of hexaferrite fibres and composites with carbon nano tubes (CNT). Magnetic properties of some doped and un-doped hexaferrites are discussed here. Recent advances in hexaferrites also highlighted in present paper.

  13. Effect of Al substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of Co-Zn ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murali, N.; Margarette, S. J.; Kumar, G. Pavan; Sailaja, B.; Mulushoa, S. Yonatan; Himakar, P.; Babu, B. Kishore; Veeraiah, V.

    2017-10-01

    In this work we investigate the effect of aluminum (Al) substitution on the structural, morphological and magnetic properties of Co0.5Zn0.5AlxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.0, 0.05 and 0.1) prepared by sol-gel method. The structural and magnetic properties are performed by using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) studies. The XRD data revealed the formation of single phase cubic spinel with crystallite sizes around 45.83-51.84 nm for Al substituted samples. Two significant absorption bands around 600 and 400 cm-1 are observed from FT-IR spectra of the samples under investigation, which confirmed the formation of a single-phase cubic spinel. Interionic bond lengths and bond angles confirm the solubility of Al in the spinel lattice and support the observed variation in magnetic properties. Using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), saturation magnetization and coercivity are measured. A decrease in lattice parameter and saturation magnetization with increasing Al concentration is attributed to the difference in the ionic radii and weakening of exchange interactions.

  14. Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Ca10Cr7O28

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balz, Christian; Lake, Bella; Reehuis, Manfred; Nazmul Islam, A. T. M.; Prokhnenko, Oleksandr; Singh, Yogesh; Pattison, Philip; Tóth, Sándor

    2017-06-01

    A detailed diffraction study of Ca10Cr7O28 is presented which adds significant new insights into the structural and magnetic properties of this compound. A new crystal structure type was used where the a and b axes are doubled compared to previous models providing a more plausible structure where all crystallographic sites are fully occupied. The presence of two different valences of chromium was verified and the locations of the magnetic Cr5+ and non-magnetic Cr6+ ions were identified. The Cr5+ ions have spin-\\frac{1}{2} and form distorted kagome bilayers which are stacked in an ABC arrangement along the c axis. These results lay the foundation for understanding of the quantum spin liquid behavior in Ca10Cr7O28 which has recently been reported in Balz et al (2016 Nat. Phys. 12 942).

  15. Effect of chromium substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline zinc ferrite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abu-Dief, Ahmed M., E-mail: ahmed_benzoic@yahoo.com [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, 82524 Sohag (Egypt); Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, University of Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, University of Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); Abdelbaky, Mohammed S.M. [Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, University of Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); Martínez-Blanco, David; Amghouz, Zakariae [Scientific and Technical Services, University of Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); García-Granda, Santigo [Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, University of Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain)

    2016-05-01

    Single-phase Cr doped zinc ferrites have been synthesized by hydrothermal method. The crystal structure, microstructure, crystallite size and distribution, composition and magnetic properties of the synthesized nanoparticles were determined using X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopies and vibrating sample magnetometry. Powders are composed of ultrafine spherical nanoparticles with a highly homogeneous elemental composition. The nanoparticles have partially inversed cubic spinel structure with average crystallite size below 10 nm. Superparamagnetic behavior is observed at high temperature while ferrimagnetic ordering and surface spin canting is reported at 5 K. Substitution of Fe with Cr ions controls both structural and magnetic parameters. - Highlights: • Single-phase Cr doped zinc ferrites nanoparticles have been synthesized. • The prepared nanoparticles have been characterized using different tools. • The investigated nanoparticles were tested for their magnetic behavior.

  16. Structural, Electronic, Magnetic, and Vibrational Properties of Graphene and Silicene: A First-Principles Perspective

    KAUST Repository

    Kaloni, Thaneshwor P.

    2013-11-01

    This thesis covers the structural, electronic, magnetic, and vibrational properties of graphene and silicene. In Chapter I, we will start with an introduction to graphene and silicene. In Chapter II, we will briefly discuss about the methodology (i. e. density functional theory)In Chapter III, we will introduce band gap opening in graphene either by introducing defects/doping or by creating superlattices with h-BN substrate. In Chapter IV, we will focus on the structural and electronic properties of K and Ge-intercalated graphene on SiC(0001). In addition, the enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature in Li-decorated graphene supported by h-BN substrate will be discussed. In Chapter V, we will discuss the vibrational properties of free-standing silicene. In addition, superlattices of silicene with h-BN as well as the phase transition in silicene by applying an external electric field will be discussed. The electronic and magnetic properties transition metal decorated silicene will be discussed, in particular the realization of the quantum anomalous Hall effect will be addressed. Furthermore, the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of Mn decorated silicene supported by h-BN substrate will be discussed. The conclusion is included in Chapters VI. Finally, we will end with references and a list of publications for this thesis.

  17. Magnetic and structural properties of ferrofluids based on Cobalt-Zinc ferrite nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, P.; Lopez, J.; Gomez, M. E.; Prado, J.; Caicedo, J.; Zambrano, G.; Gonzalez, L.; Esteve, J.

    2012-02-01

    Ferrofluids are colloidal systems composed of a single domain of magnetic nanoparticles with a mean diameter around 10 nm, dispersed in a liquid carrier. Magnetic Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles were prepared via co-precipitation method from aqueous salt solutions in an alkaline medium. The composition and structure of the samples were characterized through EDX and XRD, respectively. Transmission Electron Microscopy studies permitted determining nanoparticle size. Grain size of nanoparticle conglomerates was established via Atomic Force Microscopy. The magnetic behavior of ferrofluids was characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer; and finally, a Magnetic Force Microscope was used to visualize the magnetic domains of nanoparticles. The mean size of the crystallite of nanoparticles determined by using the Scherrer approximation diminished when the Zn concentration increases. The size of the nanoparticles obtained by TEM is in good agreement with the crystallite size calculated from XRD measures. The magnetic properties investigated at room temperature presented super-paramagnetic behavior, determined by the shape of the hysteresis loop. Finally, our magnetic nanoparticles are considered a soft magnetic material.

  18. Structural, atomic Hirschfeld surface, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of SmNi{sub 5} compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouri, K., E-mail: nouri@icmpe.cnrs.fr [C.M.T.R, I.C.M.P.E, CNRS, Université Paris Est Créteil, UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Jemmali, M. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Chemistry Departement, College of Science and Arts at Ar-Rass, Qassim University, P.O. Box53 (Saudi Arabia); Walha, S. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Zehani, K. [C.M.T.R, I.C.M.P.E, CNRS, Université Paris Est Créteil, UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Ben Salah, A. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Bessais, L. [C.M.T.R, I.C.M.P.E, CNRS, Université Paris Est Créteil, UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France)

    2016-07-05

    The SmNi{sub 5} intermetallic compound has been investigated by arc-melting. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis and Rietveld refinement revealed that the sample crystallized in the hexagonal CaCu{sub 5}-type structure P6/mmm space group with the following lattice parameters: a = 4.9203 (1) Å, c = 3.9662 (1) Å. These lattice parameters for the compound are in good agreement with previous theoretical result and experimental data. The EDX analysis has been performed to confirm the composition of this compound. The chemical bonding in SmNi{sub 5} was analyzed using atomic Hirshfeld surfaces, and this analysis supports the presence of the structural elements and the coordination of Sm (1a), Ni (2c) and Ni (3 g). This study indicates the different types of interatomic interactions between the Sm and Ni atoms and the weak interactions between Sm–Sm atoms were also observed along the c axis. The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) have been established by the magnetization and isothermal magnetization of different temperature measurements. The magnetization curve as a function of temperature shows a magnetic transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic state at the Curie temperature T{sub C} = 29 K. We have studied the MCE phenomena in the vicinity of magnetic phase transitions in terms of magnetic entropy change. The temperature dependence of the magnetization, the magnetic entropy changeΔS{sub M}, as well as the relative cooling power around the second-order magnetic transition and the Arrott plots for the alloys are reported. - Highlights: • The SmNi{sub 5} intermetallic compound has been investigated by arc-melting. • The chemical bonding in SmNi{sub 5} was analyzed using atomic Hirshfeld surfaces. • The second order magnetocaloric material SmNi{sub 5} is investigated.

  19. Magnetic properties of cubic FeCo nanoparticles with anisotropic long chain structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinming Liu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Cubic FeCo alloy nanoparticles (NPs with body-centered cubic (bcc phase were prepared using sputter based gas-condensation method. When the NPs formed long chain assemblies, the magnetic properties were quite different from that of well-dispersed NPs. Most of the well-dispersed NPs were superparamagnetic at room temperature while the long chain NP assemblies were ferromagnetic with coercivities around 765 Oe, which displayed quite different magnetic properties. The ferromagnetism of long chain NPs was from the exchange coupling between NPs, which eventually led to the transition from superparamagnetism (SPM to superferromagetism (SFM. Zero-field-cooled (ZFC and field-cooled (FC curves were obtained and long chain NP assemblies displayed ferromagnetism at the temperature ranging from 10 K to 400 K. Time-dependent remanent magnetic moment curves also indicated that the long chain structure had better thermal stability due to the strong exchange coupling.

  20. Magnetic properties and structure of electrodeposited Zn-Co alloys granular thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vlad, L., E-mail: laviniavlad@gmail.co [Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Bd. Carol I, No. 11, Iasi 700506 (Romania); Pascariu, P.; Tanase, S.I.; Pinzaru, D.; Dobromir, M.; Nica, V.; Georgescu, V. [Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Bd. Carol I, No. 11, Iasi 700506 (Romania)

    2011-04-01

    We present several results concerning the preparation by means of electrolysis and characterization of Zn-Co alloys thin films. Films of Zn, Co and Zn-Co with various compositions (8-16 at% Co) were prepared in sulfate baths, using potentiostatic control, envisaging applications in the domain of corrosion resistant magnetic sensors. The effects of applied voltage on the magnetic properties, microstructure and phase content of the electrodeposited Zn-Co films were investigated. The applied voltage significantly influenced the film composition and their magnetic properties. These films, when deposited at an applied voltage of 4.5 V exhibited multiphase behavior due to the inclusion of new phases (cobalt hydroxide), whereas at 3.0 V, only Zn-Co alloys were deposited. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).

  1. Structural, elastic, electronic and magnetic properties of Fe3AC; A = Al, Ga and In

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medkour Y.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available We report first principle calculations on the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of antiperovskite Fe3AC; A = Al, Ga and In. Calculations show that these compounds are more stable in the magnetic states, the estimated equilibrium lattice parameters (a and V are in agreement with the experimental data. From the single crystal elastic constants, the polycrystalline elastic moduli is estimated. Similar to previous studies on carbides antiperovskite, these compounds are good electrical conductors. The analysis of the total and partial densities of states shows that the conductivity is assured by d electrons of the transition metal atoms. The magnetic character in these compounds is mainly related to the spin polarization of Fe-d electrons. The magnetic moment per unit formula is found to decrease from 3.52 μB to 3.06 μB corresponding to Fe3InC and Fe3AlC respectively.

  2. Structural elucidation, optical, magnetic and nonlinear optical properties of oxystyryl dyes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koleva, Bojidarka B.; Stoyanov, Stanimir; Kolev, Tsonko; Petkov, Ivan; Spiteller, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Structure, magnetic and optical properties of tetraphenylborate salts of 2,5-[1-methyl-4-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]piridinium]-propane and butane are performed in gas and condense phase by means of solution and solid-state conventional and linear-polarized IR-spectroscopy of oriented colloids in nematic liquid crystal suspension, UV-vis and fluorescence methods, HPLC tandem ESI mess spectrometry (MS/MS), 1H, 13C and 1H- 1H COSY NMR, TGV and DSC methods. Quantum chemical DFT calculations are used for performing of the structures, optical and nonlinear optical properties of the studied compounds.

  3. Manganese ferrite prepared using reverse micelle process: Structural and magnetic properties characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashim, Mohd, E-mail: md.hashim09@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002 (India); Shirsath, Sagar E. [Spin Device Technology Centre, Department of Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano 380-8553 (Japan); Meena, S.S. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Mane, M.L. [Department of Physics, S.G.R.G. Shinde Mahavidyalaya, Paranda 413502, MS (India); Kumar, Shalendra [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon, Gyeongnam 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Bhatt, Pramod [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Kumar, Ravi [Centre for Material Science Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, HP (India); Prasad, N.K.; Alla, S.K. [Deptartment of Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005 (India); Shah, Jyoti; Kotnala, R.K. [National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110012 (India); Mohammed, K.A. [Department of Mathematics & Physics Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Nizwa, Nizwa (Oman); Şentürk, Erdoğan [Department of Physics, Sakarya University, Esentepe, 54187 Sakarya (Turkey); Alimuddin [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002 (India)

    2015-09-05

    Highlights: • Preparation of Mn{sup 3+} substituted MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite by Reverse microemulsion process. • Characterization by XRD, SEM, VSM, Mössbauer spectroscopy and dielectric measurements techniques. • Magnetic properties of MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} enhanced after Mn{sup 3+} substitution. • The dielectric constant and ac conductivity increased with Mn{sup 3+} substitution. - Abstract: Reverse microemulsion process was employed to prepare of nanocrystalline Mn{sup 3+} substituted MnFe{sub 2−x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 4} ferrites. The structural, magnetic and dielectric properties were studied for different concentrations of Mn{sup 3+}. The structural and microstructural properties were analyzed using X-ray diffraction technique (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy techniques. The phase identification of the materials was studied by Rietveld refined XRD patterns which reveals single phase with cubic symmetry for the samples. The lattice parameters were ranged in between 8.369 and 8.379 Å and do not show any significant change with the substitution of Mn{sup 3+}. The average particles size was found to be around 11 ± 3 nm. Magnetization results obtained from the vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) confirm that the substitution of Mn{sup 3+} in MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite caused an increase in the saturation magnetization and coercivity. The dependence of Mössbauer parameters on Mn{sup 3+} substitution has been analyzed. Magnetic behavior of the samples were also studied at field cooled (FC) and zero field cooled (ZFC) mode. The dependence of Mössbauer parameters on Mn{sup 3+} substitution was also analyzed. All the magnetic characterization shows that Mn{sup 3+} substitution enhance the magnetic behavior of MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite nanoparticles.

  4. Microwave processed NiMg ferrite: Studies on structural and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandra Babu Naidu, K.; Madhuri, W., E-mail: madhuriw12@gmail.com

    2016-12-15

    Ferrites are magnetic semiconductors realizing an important role in electrical and electronic circuits where electrical and magnetic property coupling is required. Though ferrite materials are known for a long time, there is a large scope in the improvement of their properties (vice sintering and frequency dependence of electrical and magnetic properties) with the current technological trends. Forth coming technology is aimed at miniaturization and smart gadgets, electrical components like inductors and transformers cannot be included in integrated circuits. These components are incorporated into the circuit as surface mount devices whose fabrication involves low temperature co-firing of ceramics and microwave monolithic integrated circuits technologies. These technologies demand low temperature sinter-ability of ferrites. This article presents low temperature microwave sintered Ni–Mg ferrites of general chemical formula Ni{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.8, 1) for potential applications as transformer core materials. The series of ferrites are characterized using X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared and vibrating sample magnetometer for investigating structural, morphological and magnetic properties respectively. The initial permeability is studied with magnesium content, temperature and frequency in the temperature range of 308 K–873 K and 42 Hz–5 MHz. - Highlights: • First article on microwave processed NiMgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} giving. • The article gives systematic magnetic studies. • Cation distribution is discussed based on magnetic moments from VSM. • Promising candidates for transformer core and soft magnet manufacturing.

  5. A Study of Structure and Magnetic Properties of Low Purity Fe-Co-Based Metallic Glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Lesz

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is related to the evaluation of the possibility of using ferroalloys for the production of conventional (CMGs and bulk metallic glasses (BMGs as well as determining their magnetic properties. The structure and magnetic properties of Fe-Co-based CMGs and BMGs prepared from ferroalloys and pure elements, were studied. The CMGs and BMGs were in the form of ribbons and rods, respectively. The thickness of the ribbons were 0.07, 0.12, and 0.27 mm and the diameters of the rods were 1.5 and 2.5 mm. The investigations of the structure of the test specimens were carried out using the X-ray diffraction (XRD method and electron microscopy methods (HRTEM—high-resolution transmission electron microscope, SEM—scanning electron microscope. The relationship between the structure and magnetic properties of the Fe36.00Co36.00B19.00Si5Nb4 and Fe35.75Co35.75B18.90Si5Nb4Cu0.6 CMGs and BMGs was determined. The possibility of using new materials, i.e., CMGs and BMGs, prepared on the basis of ferroalloys, lies in the scope of the presently conducted research and allows us to obtain the utility properties, while avoiding high costs associated with the purchase of raw materials.

  6. Magnetic properties

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Texturing of the fluid was carried out when the paraffin wax was in a molten state. Special care was taken during texturing so that the particles did not aggre- gate. The texturing of the sample was carried out using an electromagnet having field uniformity within 1% un- der different texturing magnetic fields (HT). In the pre-.

  7. Structural, magnetic, and electron transport properties of MnBi:Fe thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kharel, P; Li, XZ; Shah, VR; Al-Aqtash, N; Tarawneh, K; Sabirianov, RF; Skomski, R; Sellmyer, DJ

    2012-04-01

    The structural, magnetic, and electron transport properties of Mn55-xFexBi45 (x = 0, 2, 4, 5, 8, 11, 13, 16) films prepared by multilayer deposition and annealing using e-beam evaporation have been investigated. Fe doping has produced a significant change in the magnetic properties of the samples including the decrease in saturation magnetization and magnetocrystalline anisotropy and increase in coercivity. Although the magnetization shows a smooth decrease with increasing Fe concentration, the coercivity jumps abruptly from 8.5 kOe to 22 kOe as Fe content changes from 4% to 5%, but the change in coercivity is small as the concentration goes beyond 5%. The temperature dependence of resistivity shows that the samples with low Fe concentration (<= 4%) are metallic, but the resistivity increases unexpectedly as the concentration reaches 5%, where the resistance increases with decreasing temperature below 300 K. First-principle calculations suggest that the observed magnetic properties can be understood as the consequences of competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between the interstitial atom and the rest of the MnBi lattice. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3675615

  8. Structural, magnetic, and electron transport properties of MnBi:Fe thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kharel, P.; Skomski, R.; Sellmyer, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States); Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States); Li, X. Z.; Shah, V. R. [Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States); Al-Aqtash, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska 68182 (United States); Tarawneh, K. [Department of Science and Humanities, Princes Sumaya University for Technology (PSUT) Amman (Jordan); Sabirianov, R. F. [Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Nebraska 68182 (United States)

    2012-04-01

    The structural, magnetic, and electron transport properties of Mn{sub 55-x}Fe{sub x}Bi{sub 45} (x = 0, 2, 4, 5, 8, 11, 13, 16) films prepared by multilayer deposition and annealing using e-beam evaporation have been investigated. Fe doping has produced a significant change in the magnetic properties of the samples including the decrease in saturation magnetization and magnetocrystalline anisotropy and increase in coercivity. Although the magnetization shows a smooth decrease with increasing Fe concentration, the coercivity jumps abruptly from 8.5 kOe to 22 kOe as Fe content changes from 4% to 5%, but the change in coercivity is small as the concentration goes beyond 5%. The temperature dependence of resistivity shows that the samples with low Fe concentration ({<=}4%) are metallic, but the resistivity increases unexpectedly as the concentration reaches 5%, where the resistance increases with decreasing temperature below 300 K. First-principle calculations suggest that the observed magnetic properties can be understood as the consequences of competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between the interstitial atom and the rest of the MnBi lattice.

  9. MAGNETIC WOVEN FABRICS - PHYSICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GROSU Marian C

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A coated material is a composite structure that consists of at least two components: base material and coating layer. The purpose of coating is to provide special properties to base material, with potential to be applied in EMI shielding and diverse smart technical fields. This paper reports the results of a study about some physical and magnetic properties of coated woven fabrics made from cotton yarns with fineness of 17 metric count. For this aim, a plain woven fabric was coated with a solution hard magnetic polymer based. As hard magnetic powder, barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19 was selected. The plain woven fabric used as base has been coated with five solutions having different amounts of hard magnetic powder (15% - 45% in order to obtain five different magnetic woven fabrics. A comparison of physical properties regarding weight (g/m2, thickness (mm, degree of charging (% and magnetic properties of magnetic woven samples were presented. Saturation magnetizing (emu/g, residual magnetizing (emu/g and coercive force (kA/m of pure hard magnetic powder and woven fabrics have been studied as hysteresis characteristics. The magnetic properties of the woven fabrics depend on the mass percentage of magnetic powder from coating solution. Also, the residual magnetism and coercive field of woven fabrics represents only a part of bulk barium hexafferite residual magnetism and coercive field.

  10. Phase structure and magnetic properties of Mn{sub 3}Ga{sub 2} alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Q. M., E-mail: qmlu@bjut.edu.cn; Yu, F.; Yue, M.; Zhang, H. G.; Li, Y. Q.; Liu, Y. Q.; Zhang, J. X. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Yan, X. L. [Institute of Solid State Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10, 1040 Wien (Austria)

    2014-05-07

    In this paper, Mn{sub 3}Ga{sub 2} alloys with high saturation magnetization and high Curie temperatures were prepared by levitation melting high pure Mn and Ga elements followed by annealing. The effect of annealing temperature on phase structure and magnetic properties was investigated by means of x-ray diffraction and a vibrating sample magnetometer. A single phase alloy Mn{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}, which has tetragonal P4/mmm structure, was obtained with an annealing temperature of 773 K and annealing time of 24 h. The hysteresis curve of its easy axis for this single phase alloy shows that the room temperature coercivity and saturation magnetization are 4.18 kOe and 50.81 emu/g, respectively. The thermomagnetic curves indicate that the Curie temperature is about 650 K and a phase transformation occurs above 823 K.

  11. Effect of air annealing on structural and magnetic properties of Ni/NiO nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nadeem, K., E-mail: kashif.nadeem@iiu.edu.pk [Nanomagnetism and Nanotechnology Laboratory, International Islamic University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Ullah, Asmat; Mushtaq, M.; Kamran, M.; Hussain, S.S. [Nanomagnetism and Nanotechnology Laboratory, International Islamic University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Mumtaz, M. [Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, International Islamic University, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2016-11-01

    We reported systematic study on structural and magnetic properties of nickel/nickel oxide (Ni/NiO) nanoparticles annealed under air atmosphere at different temperatures in the range 400–800 °C. The XRD spectra revealed two phases such as Ni and NiO. The average crystallite size increases with increasing annealing temperature. A phase diagram was developed between two phases versus annealing temperature using XRD analysis. At lower annealing temperatures, Ni phase is dominant which does not easily undergo oxidation to form NiO. The NiO phase increases with increasing annealing temperature. FTIR spectroscopy revealed an increase in the NiO phase content at higher annealing temperature, which is in agreement with the XRD analysis. SEM images showed that nanoparticles are well separated at lower annealing temperatures but get agglomerated at higher annealing temperatures. The ferromagnetic (FM) Ni phase content and saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) showed nearly the same trend with increasing annealing temperature. The nanoparticles annealed at 500 °C and 800 °C revealed highest and lowest M{sub s} values, respectively, which is in accordance with the XRD phase diagram. Coercivity showed an overall decreasing trend with increasing annealing temperature due to decreased concentration of FM Ni phase and increasing average crystallite size. All these measurements indicate that the structural and magnetic properties of Ni/NiO nanoparticles are strongly influenced by the annealing temperature. - Highlights: • Air annealing effects on structural and magnetic properties of Ni/NiO nanoparticles have been studied. • The XRD spectra revealed two phases such as Ni and NiO. • A phase diagram was developed between two phases versus annealing temperature using XRD analysis. • The magnetic properties are well governed by ferromagnetic Ni phase.

  12. Electronic structures and magnetic and optical properties of Co-Al alloys

    CERN Document Server

    Rhee, J Y; Kudryavtsev, Y V; Lee, Y P

    1999-01-01

    The electronic structures, the magnetic moments and the optical conductivity spectra of the Co sub 1 sub - sub x Al sub x (x=0.5, 0.4375, and 0.375) alloys were calculated using the tight-binding linearized-muffin-tin-orbital method. The supercell method was employed to calculate the properties of the alloys with the off-stoichiometric concentrations. The calculated magnetic moments were in reasonable agreement with the experimental results. The inclusion of corrections for both the real and the imaginary parts of the self-energy markedly improved the agreement between the experimental and calculated the optical conductivity spectra.

  13. Preparation and investigation of structural, magnetic and microwave absorption properties of cerium doped barium hexaferrite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Kameli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study the structure, magnetic and microwave absorption properties of cerium (Ce doped barium hexaferrite with general formulae BaCexFe12-xO19 (x=0.0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2 have been investigated. These samples have been prepared by sol- gel method. Influence of replacing Fe+3 ion by rare- earth Ce+3 ion on the structural, magnetic and microwave absorption properties have been investigated by X- ray diffraction (XRD, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR, Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM and vector network analyzer (VNA. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the samples are of single phase with space group p63/mmc. The magnetic properties of samples indicated that with the Ce doping the saturation magnetization show no regular behavior. Moreover, coercivity (Hc first decreased and reached to the minimum value for x=0.1 sample and then increased with Ce content increasing. Also, measurement of electromagnetic wave absorption in X and Ku frequency bands indicated that the maximum of reflection loss obtained for x=0.15 sample. Moreover, result indicated that absorption peak shifted toward a lower frequency when thickness was increased.

  14. Microwave processed NiMg ferrite: Studies on structural and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra Babu Naidu, K.; Madhuri, W.

    2016-12-01

    Ferrites are magnetic semiconductors realizing an important role in electrical and electronic circuits where electrical and magnetic property coupling is required. Though ferrite materials are known for a long time, there is a large scope in the improvement of their properties (vice sintering and frequency dependence of electrical and magnetic properties) with the current technological trends. Forth coming technology is aimed at miniaturization and smart gadgets, electrical components like inductors and transformers cannot be included in integrated circuits. These components are incorporated into the circuit as surface mount devices whose fabrication involves low temperature co-firing of ceramics and microwave monolithic integrated circuits technologies. These technologies demand low temperature sinter-ability of ferrites. This article presents low temperature microwave sintered Ni-Mg ferrites of general chemical formula Ni1-xMgxFe2O4 (x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.8, 1) for potential applications as transformer core materials. The series of ferrites are characterized using X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared and vibrating sample magnetometer for investigating structural, morphological and magnetic properties respectively. The initial permeability is studied with magnesium content, temperature and frequency in the temperature range of 308 K-873 K and 42 Hz-5 MHz.

  15. Structural and Magnetic Properties of Transition-Metal-Doped Zn 1- x Fe x O

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Baset, T. A.; Fang, Yue-Wen; Anis, B.; Duan, Chun-Gang; Abdel-Hafiez, Mahmoud

    2016-02-01

    The ability to produce high-quality single-phase diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) is the driving factor to study DMS for spintronics applications. Fe-doped ZnO was synthesized by using a low-temperature co-precipitation technique producing Zn 1- x Fe x O nanoparticles ( x= 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, and 0.1). Structural, Raman, density functional calculations, and magnetic studies have been carried out in studying the electronic structure and magnetic properties of Fe-doped ZnO. The results show that Fe atoms are substituted by Zn ions successfully. Due to the small ionic radius of Fe ions compared to that of a Zn ions, the crystal size decreases with an increasing dopant concentration. First-principle calculations indicate that the charge state of iron is Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ with a zinc vacancy or an interstitial oxygen anion, respectively. The calculations predict that the exchange interaction between transition metal ions can switch from the antiferromagnetic coupling into its quasi-degenerate ferromagnetic coupling by external perturbations. This is further supported and explains the observed ferromagnetic bahaviour at magnetic measurements. Magnetic measurements reveal that decreasing particle size increases the ferromagnetism volume fraction. Furthermore, introducing Fe into ZnO induces a strong magnetic moment without any distortion in the geometrical symmetry; it also reveals the ferromagnetic coupling.

  16. Magnetic and structural properties of Fe-implanted cubic GaN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Righetti, V. A. N.; Gratens, X.; Chitta, V. A.; de Godoy, M. P. F.; Rodrigues, A. D.; Abramof, E.; Dias, J. F.; Schikora, D.; As, D. J.; Lischka, K.

    2016-09-01

    In this article, we report on structural and magnetic properties of cubic GaN epitaxial layers implanted with Fe ions and subsequently subjected to thermal annealing. The epitaxial quality of the layers was studied by X-ray diffraction rocking curves (ω-scans) and Raman spectroscopy. The results show that the implantation damages the crystal structure producing an expansion of the lattice parameter in the implanted region. These damages are partially removed by the thermal treatment. Room temperature ferromagnetism is observed for the sample implanted with a dose of 1.2 × 1016 cm-2, while samples implanted with 2.4 × 1016 cm-2 show a coexistence of ferromagnetism and paramagnetism due to disperse Fe3+. Thermal annealing changes these magnetic properties. For the low dose sample, the ferromagnetism is converted into paramagnetism while for the high dose we observed an enhancement of the ferromagnetic contribution characterized by a superparamagnetism behavior attributed to Fe-based particles.

  17. Fe{sub 3}C/Fe nanoparticles with urea: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Xiaobai [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012 (China); School of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin, 132022 (China); Zhang, Daguang [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021 China (China); Ren, Xiaozhen; Gao, Jiajia [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012 (China); Han, Yu [Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Yanbian University, Yanji, 133002 China (China); Chen, Xiaodong [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012 (China); Shi, Zhan [State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012 (China); Yang, Hua [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012 (China)

    2016-12-15

    Fe{sub 3}C/Fe nanocomposites were synthesized by a sol–gel method. Using urea as carbon source and reduce agent in the reaction process. The CTAB works as the surfactant and the bromine contained in CTAB plays a catalytic role. Appropriate choices of the amount of urea and CTAB, reaction temperature and time are very important to obtain high-quality of products. Above 650 °C, the precursor gel turned into the nanocomposites composed of iron carbide and iron. Their structures and magnetic properties are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The possible formation mechanism of as-prepared nanostructures is discussed. - Highlights: • The Fe{sub 3}C/Fe composites were synthetized by sol–gel method. • Their structure, magnetic properties are researched by XRD, VSM and TEM. • The possible formation mechanisms of the composites is discussed.

  18. Structure and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline CaB{sub 6} films deposited by magnetron sputtering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Guoqing; Zhang, Lin, E-mail: zhanglin2007@sdu.edu.cn; Hu, Lijie; Yu, Hui; Min, Guanghui, E-mail: ghmin@sdu.edu.cn; Yu, Huashun

    2014-06-25

    Highlights: • Nanocrystalline CaB{sub 6} films were deposited by dc magnetron sputtering. • CaB{sub 6} films showed weak ferromagnetism. • The relationship between the structure and the magnetic properties was explored. • The ferromagnetism was caused by structure defects rather than alien iron. - Abstract: The nanocrystalline CaB{sub 6} films with different thickness were fabricated using DC-magnetron sputtering. The structure and the magnetic properties of the films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM–EDS) and alternating gradient magnetometer (AGM). All films shows the lattice expansion and the (1 0 0) texture. With increasing of film thickness, the degree of lattice expansion decreased due to the intercalated argon atoms and the excess boron atoms. However, the grain size changed in the opposite tendency. The thinnest film (t = 500 nm) exhibited the greatest moment 3.76 × 10{sup −8} A m{sup 2}, resulting in a magnetization of 11.36 × 10{sup 3} A/m. Defects aroused mainly by the lattice expansion and the grain boundaries were likely origin of the magnetism.

  19. Crystalline structure, and magnetic and magneto-optical properties of MnSbBi thin films

    CERN Document Server

    Kang, K

    2001-01-01

    the c-axis texture and the saturation magnetisation due to less segregation of the non-magnetic phase in the annealed films. Using a thin Sb seed layer in Mn/Sb/Bi// films also results in an increase in both the c-axis texture and the saturation magnetisation. Decreasing the layer thicknesses in Mn/Bi/Sb// films results in a decrease in the grain size. By depositing the Sb layer first in Pt/Mn/Sb// and Co/Mn/Sb// films, the perpendicular c-axis texture can be kept before and after annealing. Computer simulation was carried out to investigate the relationship between the crystal structure and the magnetic properties before and after annealing. Comparing optical and MO properties of annealed Mn/Sb/Bi// and Mn/Sb// films suggests a possible origin of the peaks in Kerr spectra caused by adding Bi. This thesis reports work carried out to investigate some aspects of the crystal structure, and magnetic and magneto-optical (MO) properties in thin films of the Mn-Sb system. Reports of interesting properties and the po...

  20. Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Zn-Doped CoFe2O4 Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatarchuk, Tetiana; Bououdina, Mohamed; Macyk, Wojciech; Shyichuk, Olexander; Paliychuk, Natalia; Yaremiy, Ivan; Al-Najar, Basma; Pacia, Michał

    2017-02-01

    The effect of Zn-doping in CoFe2O4 nanoparticles (NPs) through chemical co-precipitation route was investigated in term of structural, optical, and magnetic properties. Both XRD and FTIR analyses confirm the formation of cubic spinel phase, where the crystallite size changes with Zn content from 46 to 77 nm. The Scherrer method, Williamson-Hall (W-H) analysis, and size-strain plot method (SSPM) were used to study of crystallite sizes. The TEM results were in good agreement with the results of the SSP method. SEM observations reveal agglomeration of fine spherical-like particles. The optical band gap energy determined from diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) varies increases from 1.17 to 1.3 eV. Magnetization field loops reveal a ferromagnetic behavior with lower hysteresis loop for higher Zn content. The magnetic properties are remarkably influenced with Zn doping; saturation magnetization (Ms) increases then decreases while both coercivity (HC) and remanent magnetization (Mr) decrease continuously, which was associated with preferential site occupancy and the change in particle size.

  1. Structural and magnetic properties evolution study method using a single ribbon-shaped sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moya, Javier A.

    2017-06-01

    A new type of study is presented for magnetic and structural characterization of amorphous or nanocrystalline metallic alloys in ribbon or wire-shaped samples. A single sample is subjecting to successive steps of flash isocurrent heat treatments with increasing duration in time, followed by a rapid cooling, while magneto-electric properties evolution are scanned in situ at room temperature. When one set of isocurrent heat treatments is finished, the annealing current is increased and a new set of isocurrent treatments starts. The properties studied were the saturation magnetization and the coercive field at 50 Hz, magnetic permeability at 100 kHz and electrical resistance from where we also obtained the crystalline fraction. The method was applied on two samples of Finemet-like alloys and the results were analyzed from the perspective of current literature. With the present method it is possible to obtain a general and meticulous understanding of the structural and magnetic evolution of the samples tested, with a considerable saving of time and samples.

  2. Comparison of Electronic Structure and Magnetic Properties of Few Layer Graphene and Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekhar Chandra Ray

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study has been made for the non-catalyst based few layer graphene (FLG and Fe-catalyst based multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs. Magnetic and electronic properties of FLG and MWCNTs were studied using magnetic M-H hysteresis loops and synchrotron radiation based X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy measurements. Structural defects and electronic and bonding properties of FLG/MWCNTs have been studied using Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS. The work functions of FLG and MWCNTs are 4.01 eV and 3.79 eV, respectively, obtained from UPS (He-I spectra. UPS (He-II results suggest that the density of states (DOS of MWCNTs is higher than FLG and is consistent with Raman spectroscopy result that shows the defect of MWCNTs is higher than FLG. The magnetic coercivity (Hc of the MWCNTs (~750 Oe is higher than FLG (~85 Oe which could be used for various technological magnetic applications.

  3. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of two-dimensional nonstoichiometric rutile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korotin, M. A.; Skorikov, N. A.; Anokhin, A. O.

    2017-12-01

    The coherent potential approximation is applied to study the influence of vacancies in the oxygen lattice on the electronic structure and magnetic properties of the TiO1.99 rutile (110) surface. Stoichiometric two-dimensional rutile is found to be a nonmagnetic semiconductor. Vacancies in the oxygen positions on the surface lead to the metallic type of the electronic spectrum. Additionally, they result in the appearance of spin magnetic moments on titanium atoms surrounded by only five oxygen atoms due to the surface formation. The vacancies in all the other oxygen positions except of the surface cause a nonmagnetic semiconducting character of the energy spectrum of two-dimensional TiO1.99. A mechanism that underlies the formation of spin magnetic moments of the titanium atoms, namely Stoner ferromagnetism of a defect related impurity band, is discussed.

  4. Effect of the Annealing Temperature on the Structure and Magnetic Properties of 2% Si Steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cunha Marco A. da

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available To study the effect of the annealing temperature on the structure and magnetic properties of a 2%Si non-oriented steel cold rolled samples were submitted to final annealing in the temperature range of 540 °C to 980 °C in hydrogen atmosphere. The samples had received cold rolling reduction of 75% to a final thickness of 0.50 mm. Recovery and recrystallization resulted in significant improvement of magnetic properties, with decrease of iron loss (W1.5 and increase of polarisation (J50 and relative permeability (µ1.5. On further grain growth, after recrystallization, there was simultaneous decrease of iron loss, polarisation and relative permeability. Texture evolution on grain growth accounts for the observed decrease of J50 and µ1.5. The beneficial effect of increasing grain size on core loss overcomes the detrimental effect of texture resulting in decrease of W1.5.

  5. Syntheses, Structures, and Magnetic Properties of Nickel-Doped Lepidocrocite Titanates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gao, Tao; Norby, Poul; Okamoto, Hiroshi

    2009-01-01

    Ni-doped titanate CsxTi2−x/2Nix/2O4 and its protonic derivative HxTi2−x/2Nix/2O4·xH2O (x = 0.7) were synthesized and characterized by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and magnetic measurements. CsxTi2−x/2Nix/2O4 crystallizes......H2O. Ni- and Mg-codoped titanates CsxTi2−x/2(NiyMg1−y)x/2O4 (x = 0.7, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1) were also reported. The crystal structure, interlayer chemistry, and magnetic properties of the titanates depend on the Ni substitution levels, indicating opportunities for tuning of the properties by controlling...

  6. Ni-Mn-Sn Heusler: milling and annealing effect on structural and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popa, Florin; Florin Marinca, Traian; Florin Chicinaş, Horea; Isnard, Olivier; Chicinaş, Ionel

    2017-10-01

    Nanocrystalline Ni51Mn19Sn30 Heusler alloy was prepared in the form of powder by solid state reaction in a planetary ball mill under argon atmosphere. After 10 h of milling the samples exhibit a mixture of two phases: disordered Heusler structure and half-Heusler structure. The stability of the phases was studied and a transformation of the disordered Heusler phase into the ordered Heusler and Ni3Sn2 phase was observed after heat treatment. Magnetic properties strongly depend on the phases promoted during milling and annealing. The phase change after annealing leads to the increase of the sample’s magnetisation.

  7. Crystal structure, microstructure and magnetic properties of Ni nanoparticles elaborated by hydrothermal route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouremana, A., E-mail: ahmed.bouremana@gmail.com [LPM, Faculty of Sciences, USTHB, BP 32, El-Alia, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers (Algeria); Guittoum, A.; Hemmous, M.; Rahal, B. [Nuclear Research Centre of Algiers, 02 Bd Frantz Fanon, BP 399, Alger-Gare, Algiers (Algeria); Sunol, J.J. [Departament de Fisica, Universitat de Girona, Campus de Montillivi, Girona 17071 (Spain); Martínez-Blanco, D. [SCTs, University of Oviedo, EPM, 33600 Mieres (Spain); Blanco, J.A. [Department of Physics, University of Oviedo, CalvoSotelo St., 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Gorria, Pedro [Department of Physics, EPI, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijón (Spain); Benrekaa, N. [LPM, Faculty of Sciences, USTHB, BP 32, El-Alia, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers (Algeria)

    2014-05-01

    We report on the crystal structure, microstructure and magnetic properties of Ni nanoparticles (NPs), with an average diameter of around 40 nm, produced by hydrothermal method. A series of Ni powders was synthesized at relatively low temperature (140 °C) by varying the NaOH concentration. The crystal structure, microstructure and magnetic properties were investigated by means of XRD, MEB coupled to EDX and VSM magnetometry. The XRD patterns show Bragg reflections corresponding to Ni with face centred cubic (fcc) crystal structure. EDX spectra confirm the purity of Ni powders. Moreover, the SEM micrographs show that the Ni-NPs are agglomerated forming entities of 1–5 μm in average size with different morphologies that change as the NaOH concentration increases. While those entities exhibit a flower-like form at the lowest concentration, a dendritic shape appears for the highest one. The room temperature values for the coercive field (<200 Oe) and saturation magnetization (≈52 Am{sup 2}/kg) were obtained from the magnetic hysteresis loops. We discuss about the influence of the particle morphology on the magnetic behaviour. - Highlights: • High purity Ni nanoparticles have been elaborated by hydrothermal method under the presence of sodium hydroxide with different concentrations. • The variation of the NaOH concentration seems to be irrelevant for the NP size, but plays an important role in the morphology. • The shape of Ni nanoparticles changes from spherical cores to flower-like entities and then to dendritic ones as the NaOH concentration increases. • The coercive field depends on the shape of nanoparticles.

  8. Structural, magnetic and luminescent properties of lanthanide complexes with N-salicylideneglycine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vančo, Ján; Trávníček, Zdeněk; Kozák, Ondřej; Boča, Roman

    2015-04-28

    A series of anionic heavy lanthanide complexes, involving the N-salicylideneglycinato(2-) Schiff base ligand (salgly) and having the general formula K[Ln(salgly)₂(H₂O)₂]∙H₂O (1-6), where Ln stands for Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm, was prepared using the one-pot template synthesis. The complexes were thoroughly characterized by elemental and Thermogravimetric/Differential Thermal Analyses (TG/DTA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), and photoluminescence spectroscopies, electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, and their magnetic properties were studied by temperature-dependent dc magnetic measurements using the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The X-ray structure of the terbium(III) complex (2), representing the unique structure between the lanthanide complexes of N-salicylideneamino acids, was determined. The results of spectral and structural studies revealed the isostructural nature of the prepared complexes, in which the lanthanide ion is octacoordinated by two O,N,O-donor salgly ligands and two aqua ligands. The analysis of magnetic data confirmed that the complexes behave as paramagnets obeying the Curie law. The results of photoluminescence spectral studies of the complexes showed the different origin in their luminescent properties between the solid state and solution. An antenna effect of the Schiff base ligand was observed in a powder form of the complex only, while it acts as a fluorophore in a solution.

  9. Structural, Magnetic and Luminescent Properties of Lanthanide Complexes with N-Salicylideneglycine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ján Vančo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A series of anionic heavy lanthanide complexes, involving the N-salicylideneglycinato(2- Schiff base ligand (salgly and having the general formula K[Ln(salgly2(H2O2]∙H2O (1–6, where Ln stands for Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm, was prepared using the one-pot template synthesis. The complexes were thoroughly characterized by elemental and Thermogravimetric/Differential Thermal Analyses (TG/DTA, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR, and photoluminescence spectroscopies, electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, and their magnetic properties were studied by temperature-dependent dc magnetic measurements using the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID. The X-ray structure of the terbium(III complex (2, representing the unique structure between the lanthanide complexes of N-salicylideneamino acids, was determined. The results of spectral and structural studies revealed the isostructural nature of the prepared complexes, in which the lanthanide ion is octacoordinated by two O,N,O-donor salgly ligands and two aqua ligands. The analysis of magnetic data confirmed that the complexes behave as paramagnets obeying the Curie law. The results of photoluminescence spectral studies of the complexes showed the different origin in their luminescent properties between the solid state and solution. An antenna effect of the Schiff base ligand was observed in a powder form of the complex only, while it acts as a fluorophore in a solution.

  10. Enhancement of structural and magnetic properties of M-type hexaferrite permanent magnet based on synthesis temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anjum, Safia; Sehar, Fatima; Mustafa, Zeeshan; Awan, M. S.

    2018-01-01

    The main purpose of this research work is to develop the single domain magnetic particles of M-type barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19) using oxide precursors employing conventional powder metallurgy technique. The phase formation and magnetic performance of the powders and magnets will be optimized by adjusting calcination and sintering temperatures. The synthesis of M-type barium hexaferrite was carried out in two sections. A series of four samples have been prepared by initial wet mixed powders calcined at different temperatures, i.e., 750, 850, 950 and 1050 °C. On the basis of structural analysis, the sample calcined at 950 °C has been selected and further divided into four parts to sintered them at 1100, 1150, 1200 and 1250 °C. The structural measurements depict the confirmation of M-type barium hexaferrite structure. SEM micrographs show the hexagonal-shaped grains. The abrupt decrease in coercivity for the sample sintered at 1250 °C has been seen which may be due to high sintering temperature, at which the particles have multi-domain properties.

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of turmeric functionalized CoFe2O4 nanocomposite powder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehran, E.; Farjami Shayesteh, S.; Sheykhan, M.

    2016-10-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of the synthesized pure and functionalized CoFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) are studied by analyzing the results from the x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), FT-IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). To extract the structure and lattice parameters from the XRD analysis results, we first apply the pseudo-Voigt model function to the experimental data obtained from XRD analysis and then the Rietveld algorithm is used in order to optimize the model function to estimate the true intensity values. Our simulated intensities are in good agreement with the experimental peaks, therefore, all structural parameters such as crystallite size and lattice constant are achieved through this simulation. Magnetic analysis reveals that the synthesized functionalized NPs have a saturation magnetization almost equal to that of pure nanoparticles (PNPs). It is also found that the presence of the turmeric causes a small reduction in coercivity of the functionalized NPs in comparison with PNP. Our TGA and FTIR results show that the turmeric is bonded very well to the surface of the NPs. So it can be inferred that a nancomposite (NC) powder of turmeric and nanoparticles is produced. As an application, the anti-arsenic characteristic of turmeric makes the synthesized functionalized NPs or NC powder a good candidate for arsenic removal from polluted industrial waste water. Project supported by the University of Guilan and the Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council.

  12. Effect of Cation Distribution on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nickel Cobalt Zinc Ferrites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. J. Azhagushanmugam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nanoparticles of Ni(0.8−x Co(0.2 Zn(x Fe2O4 ( = 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 are prepared by chemical coprecipitation method. Effects of zinc substitution on structural and magnetic properties have been investigated. The X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy are used to characterize the samples. The XRD pattern of the samples provides evidence of single phase formation of spinel structure with cubic symmetry. It is observed that the particle size decreases and lattice parameter increases with the increase in zinc concentration. TEM micrographs show a well-defined nanocrystalline state with an average particle size of around ≈17 nm. The B-H loops of all samples that are obtained by using vibrating sample magnetometer are displayed. The effect of Zn addition on saturation magnetization and the coercivity of all the samples are discussed.

  13. Structure, electronic and magnetic properties of Ca-doped chromium oxide studied by the DFT method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maldonado, Frank; Rivera, Richard [Grupo de Fisicoquimica de Materiales, Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja, Apartado 11-01-608, Loja (Ecuador); Stashans, Arvids, E-mail: arvids@utpl.edu.ec [Grupo de Fisicoquimica de Materiales, Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja, Apartado 11-01-608, Loja (Ecuador)

    2012-04-15

    Using first-principles density functional theory calculations within the generalised gradient approximation (GGA) as well as GGA+U method we study Ca-doped {alpha}-Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties due to the singular impurity incorporation have been investigated and discussed in detail. Atomic shifts as well as computed Bader charges on atoms imply the importance of ionic nature in the atomic interactions in chromium oxide. The study improves our knowledge on how the crystalline lattice reacts on the presence of a Ca dopant. According to our research it is found that Ca impurity incorporation produces some local changes upon the electronic band structure of the material without occurrence of local states within the band-gap. It is found that Ca incorporation produces change in magnetic behaviour of the crystal: it becomes ferromagnetic.

  14. Synthesis of {γ }-Fe {2}O {3} nanoparticles coated on silica spheres: Structural and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, S.; Mandal, S. K.; Nath, B. K.; Das, D.; Ganguli, D.; Chaudhuri, S.

    2003-07-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles dispersed on silica spheres prepared by sol-gel method were investigated. The properties of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles without silica were compared with those on silica spheres. Both the nanoparticle assemblages were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Mössbauer (20, 80 and 300 K) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) (80, 300 K) measurements. The XRD spectra clearly indicated the formation of pure γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and the absence of any other form of iron oxide. TEM images showed a uniform distribution of the nanoparticles of size ˜6 nm on the surfaces of silica spheres (diameter ˜ 35-60 nm). The size of the individual nanoparticles (without silica) varied within 5-6 nm. The low temperature (20 K) Mössbauer spectra consisted of a partially split sextet superimposed on a doublet. The partial magnetic splitting of the sextet at 20 K revealed the effect of surface magnetization and surface modifications of the γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles coated on silica spheres. The gradual collapse of the partially split sextet into a doublet with increasing temperature indicated the superparamagnetic relaxation exhibited by the γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with/without silica. The surface magnetization arising out of mis-aligned spins at the surface as evidenced by Mössbauer spectra was further confirmed by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies.

  15. Structure and magnetic properties of granular NiZn-ferrite - SiO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albuquerque Adriana Silva de

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Granular systems composed by nanostructured magnetic materials embedded in a non-magnetic matrix present unique physical properties that depend crucially on their nanostructure. In this work, we have studied the structural and magnetic properties of NiZn-ferrite nanoparticles embedded in SiO2, a granular system synthesized by sol-gel processing. Samples with ferrite volumetric fraction x ranging from 6% to 78% were prepared, and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. Our results show the formation of pure stoichiometric NiZn-ferrite in the SiO2 matrix for x < 34%. Above these fraction, our samples presented also small amounts of Fe2O3. Mössbauer spectroscopy revealed the superparamagnetic behaviour of the ferrimagnetic NiZn-ferrite nanoparticles. The combination of different ferrite concentration and heat treatments allowed the obtaintion of samples with saturation magnetization between 1.3 and 68 emu/g and coercivity ranging from 0 to 123 Oe, value which is two orders of magnitude higher than the coercivity of bulk NiZn-ferrite.

  16. The role of the nature of pillars in the structural and magnetic properties of magnetic pillared vlays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bachir, Cherifa; Lan, Yanhua; Mereacre, Valeriu

    2011-01-01

    properties of pillared clays and their magnetic forms were investigated using X-ray diffraction, N-2 adsorption, cation exchange capacity determination, and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurements. The properties of the magnetic pillared clays were investigated by superconducting quantum interference devices....... Similar experiments with Al- and Zr-pillars have been discussed. A correlation between the XRF data, porosity, FF calculation, and magnetic properties led to the conclusion that the sample Al-M-PILC previously calcined at 500 degrees C was the most stable material after the magnetization process. The same...

  17. Study of magnetic and structural properties of ferrofluids based on cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, J.; González-Bahamón, L. F.; Prado, J.; Caicedo, J. C.; Zambrano, G.; Gómez, M. E.; Esteve, J.; Prieto, P.

    2012-02-01

    Ferrofluids are colloidal systems composed of a single domain of magnetic nanoparticles with a mean diameter around 30 nm, dispersed in a liquid carrier. Magnetic Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 (x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75) ferrite nanoparticles were prepared via co-precipitation method from aqueous salt solutions in an alkaline medium. The composition and structure of the samples were characterized through Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, respectively. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) studies permitted determining nanoparticle size; grain size of nanoparticle conglomerates was established via Atomic Force Microscopy. The magnetic behavior of ferrofluids was characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM); and finally, a magnetic force microscope was used to visualize the magnetic domains of Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction patterns of Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 show the presence of the most intense peak corresponding to the (311) crystallographic orientation of the spinel phase of CoFe2O4. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy confirmed the presence of the bonds associated to the spinel structures; particularly for ferrites. The mean size of the crystallite of nanoparticles determined from the full-width at half maximum of the strongest reflection of the (311) peak by using the Scherrer approximation diminished from (9.5±0.3) nm to (5.4±0.2) nm when the Zn concentration increases from 0.21 to 0.75. The size of the Co-Zn ferrite nanoparticles obtained by TEM is in good agreement with the crystallite size calculated from X-ray diffraction patterns, using Scherer's formula. The magnetic properties investigated with the aid of a VSM at room temperature presented super-paramagnetic behavior, determined by the shape of the hysteresis loop. In this study, we established that the coercive field of Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles, the crystal and nanoparticle sizes determined by X-ray Diffraction and TEM, respectively, decrease with the

  18. Structural and Magnetic Properties of LaCoO3/SrTiO3 Multilayers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hongrui; Zhang, Jing; Yang, Huaiwen; Lan, Qianqian; Hong, Deshun; Wang, Shufang; Shen, Xi; Khan, Tahira; Yu, Richeng; Sun, Jirong; Shen, Baogen

    2016-07-20

    Structural and magnetic properties of the LaCoO3/SrTiO3 (LCO/STO) multilayers (MLs) with a fixed STO layer of 4 nm but varied LCO layer thicknesses have been systematically studied. The MLs grown on Sr0.7La0.3Al0.65Ta0.35O3 (LSAT) and SrTiO3 (STO) exhibit the in-plane lattice constant of the substrates, but those on LaAlO3 (LAO) show the in-plane lattice constant between those of the first two kinds of MLs. Compared with the LCO single layer (SL), the magnetic order of the MLs is significantly enhanced, as demonstrated by a very slow decrease, which is fast for the SL, of the Curie temperature and the saturation magnetization as the LCO layer thickness decreases. For example, clear ferromagnetic order is observed in the ML with the LCO layer of ∼1.5 nm, whereas it vanishes below ∼6 nm for the LCO SL. This result is consistent with the observation that the dark stripes, which are believed to be closely related to the magnetic order, remain clear in the MLs while they are vague in the corresponding LCO SL. The present work suggests a novel route to tune the magnetism of perovskite oxide films.

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of Gd-doped ZnO

    KAUST Repository

    Bantounas, Ioannis

    2014-01-01

    We use density functional theory to investigate structural and magnetic properties of Gd doped ZnO, accounting for the impurity 4f states using the GGA + U method. (i) We calculate the binding energy of forming [Gd-Gd] dimers, [VO - GdZn] and [VZn - GdZn] complexes and find that while the formation of [VZn - GdZn] is favourable, [GdZn - GdZn] and [VO - GdZn] complexes are less likely to form. Next, (ii) we investigate the spacial arrangement of two (and three) GdZn impurities in a 3 × 3 × 2 supercell and find that the magnetic impurities are energetically favourable when occupying distant lattice sites. Finally, we study the nature of interactions between the magnetic impurities (iii) for Gd in nearest-neighbour and non-nearest-neighbour Zn sites, (iv) in the presence of Zn or O vacancies, and (v) with and without additional charge carriers. Our results show mainly paramagnetic behaviour. In a few cases, e.g. magnetic impurities occupying in-plane nearest-neighbour zinc sites with n-type carrier doping, weak ferromagnetic coupling is observed. This magnetic ordering is of the order of a few meV and can be easily destroyed by thermal fluctuations. We thus expect Gd:ZnO to show paramagnetic behaviour at temperatures approaching room temperature.

  20. Structural, mechanical, and magnetic properties of GaFe{sub 3}N thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junaid, Muhammad, E-mail: junaid@mch.rwth-aachen.de; Music, Denis, E-mail: music@mch.rwth-aachen.de; Hans, Marcus; Schneider, Jochen M. [Materials Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Scholz, Tanja; Dronskowski, Richard [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Primetzhofer, Daniel [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, S-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2016-07-15

    Using the density-functional theory, the structural, mechanical, and magnetic properties were investigated for different GaFe{sub 3}N configurations: ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic, paramagnetic, and nonmagnetic. Ferrimagnetic and high-spin ferromagnetic states exhibit the lowest energy and are the competing ground states as the total energy difference is 0.3 meV/atom only. All theoretically predicted values could be fully confirmed by experiments. For this, the authors synthesized phase pure, homogeneous, and continuous GaFe{sub 3}N films by combinatorial reactive direct current magnetron sputtering. Despite the low melting point of gallium, the authors succeeded in the growth of GaFe{sub 3}N films at a temperature of 500 °C. Those thin films exhibit a lattice parameter of 3.794 Å and an elastic modulus of 226 ± 20 GPa. Magnetic susceptibility measurements evidence a magnetic phase transitions at 8.0 ± 0.1 K. The nearly saturated magnetic moment at ±5 T is about 1.6 μB/Fe and is close to the theoretically determined magnetic moment for a ferrimagnetic ordering (1.72 μB/Fe).

  1. Mn-doped ZnO nanocrystals synthesized by sonochemical method: Structural, photoluminescence, and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Othman, A.A., E-mail: aaelho@yahoo.com [Assiut University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Assiut 71516 (Egypt); Osman, M.A. [Assiut University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Assiut 71516 (Egypt); Ibrahim, E.M.M. [Sohag University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Sohag 82524 (Egypt); Ali, Manar A.; Abd-Elrahim, A.G. [Assiut University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Assiut 71516 (Egypt)

    2017-05-15

    Highlights: • Mn-doped ZnO nanostructures were synthesized by the sonochemical method. • Structural, morphological, optical, photoluminescence and magnetic properties were investigated. • Mn-doped ZnO nanostructures reveal a blue shift of the optical band gap. • Photoluminescence spectra of Mn-doped ZnO nanostructures show quenching in the emission intensity. • Mn-doped ZnO nanostructures exhibit ferromagnetic ordering at room temperature. - Abstract: This work reports the synthesis of Mn-doped ZnO nanostructures using ice-bath assisted sonochemical technique. The impact of Mn-doping on structural, morphological, optical, and magnetic properties of ZnO nanostructures is studied. The morphological study shows that the lower doped samples possess mixtures of nanosheets and nanorods while the increase in Mn content leads to improvement of an anisotropic growth in a preferable orientation to form well-defined edge rods at Mn content of 0.04. UV–vis absorption spectra show that the exciton peak in the UV region is blue shifted due to Mn incorporation into the ZnO lattice. Doping ZnO with Mn ions leads to a reduction in the PL intensity due to a creation of more non-radiative recombination centers. The magnetic measurements show that the Mn-doped ZnO nanostructures exhibit ferromagnetic ordering at room temperature, as well as variation of the Mn content can significantly affect the ferromagnetic behavior of the samples.

  2. Magnetic and structural properties of nitrided Fe and FeTi thin films

    CERN Document Server

    Bonder, M J

    2001-01-01

    presence of weak perpendicular anisotropy occurring as the bilayer thickness increased. As the bilayer thickness was increased there was an asymptotic approach of the magnetization to the level of the unexposed materials. The presence of the perpendicular anisotropy was maintained for a larger parameter space. In both series the anisotropy is attributed to stress induced by the substrate, Nitriding Fe and FeTi using the aforementioned technique provides a controlled and viable way to alter the magnetic and structural properties. This thesis investigates the magnetic and structural properties of Fe and Fe sub 8 sub 5 Ti sub 1 sub 5 thin films nitrided using a nitrogen atom source. In this novel technique, the atom source produces an atomic nitrogen beam for which multilayer samples with bilayers of the form Fe/FeN or FeTi/FeTiN were synthesized by varying the thickness of the Fe or FeTi exposed to the nitrogen beam. The samples studied here are all in the as-deposited state. X-Ray reflectivity confirms the pre...

  3. Structure and Magnetic Properties in Ruthenium-Based Full-Heusler Alloys: AB INITIO Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahlouli, S.; Aarizou, Z.; Elchikh, M.

    2013-12-01

    In this paper, we present ab initio calculations within density functional theory (DFT) to investigate structure, electronic and magnetic properties of Ru2CrZ (Z = Si, Ge and Sn) full-Heusler alloys. We have used the developed full-potential linearized muffin tin orbitals (FP-LMTO) based on the local spin density approximation (LSDA) with the PLane Wave expansion (PLW). In particular, we found that these Ruthenium-based Heusler alloys have the antiferromagnetic (AFM) type II as ground state. Then, we studied and discussed the magnetic properties belonging to our different magnetic structures: AFM type II, AFM type I and ferromagnetic (FM) phase. We also found that Ru2CrSi and Ru2CrGe exhibit a semiconducting behavior whereas Ru2CrSn has a semimetallic-like behavior as it is experimentally found. We made an estimation of Néel temperatures (TN) in the framework of the mean-field theory and used the energy differences approach to deduce the relevant short-range nearest-neighbor (J1) and next-nearest-neighbor (J2) interactions. The calculated TN are somewhat overestimated to the available experimental ones.

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of Si-doped Ni sub 3 Mn alloys

    CERN Document Server

    Ko, K Y; Al-Kanani, H J; Anderson, K

    2000-01-01

    The structural and the magnetic properties of some (Ni sub 3 sub - sub x Si sub x)Mn alloys (with 0.03<=x<=0.10) have been investigated by using neutron and X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry, and the ac susceptibility in the temperature range of 2 approx 300 K. After zero-field cooling down to 2 K, the magnetization with increasing temperature passes through a maximum at around 85 K. With decreasing temperature and field cooling it continues to rise beyond the value of the zero-field cooling maximum and gradually levels out. All the samples displayed hysteresis loops that were displaced from the origin after field cooling. The ac susceptibilities all showed a broad maximum at around 110 K, indicating re-entrant spin glass behavior. Neutron and X-ray diffraction confirmed the alloys to be single phases with a face-centered cubic structure. Neutron diffraction showed evidence that the magnetic properties of the alloys were influenced by atomic short-range order, particularly for x=0.07.

  5. Structural and magnetic properties of multi-core nanoparticles analysed using a generalised numerical inversion method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, P.; Bogart, L. K.; Posth, O.; Szczerba, W.; Rogers, S. E.; Castro, A.; Nilsson, L.; Zeng, L. J.; Sugunan, A.; Sommertune, J.; Fornara, A.; González-Alonso, D.; Barquín, L. Fernández; Johansson, C.

    2017-04-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of magnetic multi-core particles were determined by numerical inversion of small angle scattering and isothermal magnetisation data. The investigated particles consist of iron oxide nanoparticle cores (9 nm) embedded in poly(styrene) spheres (160 nm). A thorough physical characterisation of the particles included transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation. Their structure was ultimately disclosed by an indirect Fourier transform of static light scattering, small angle X-ray scattering and small angle neutron scattering data of the colloidal dispersion. The extracted pair distance distribution functions clearly indicated that the cores were mostly accumulated in the outer surface layers of the poly(styrene) spheres. To investigate the magnetic properties, the isothermal magnetisation curves of the multi-core particles (immobilised and dispersed in water) were analysed. The study stands out by applying the same numerical approach to extract the apparent moment distributions of the particles as for the indirect Fourier transform. It could be shown that the main peak of the apparent moment distributions correlated to the expected intrinsic moment distribution of the cores. Additional peaks were observed which signaled deviations of the isothermal magnetisation behavior from the non-interacting case, indicating weak dipolar interactions.

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of multi-core nanoparticles analysed using a generalised numerical inversion method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, P; Bogart, L K; Posth, O; Szczerba, W; Rogers, S E; Castro, A; Nilsson, L; Zeng, L J; Sugunan, A; Sommertune, J; Fornara, A; González-Alonso, D; Barquín, L Fernández; Johansson, C

    2017-04-11

    The structural and magnetic properties of magnetic multi-core particles were determined by numerical inversion of small angle scattering and isothermal magnetisation data. The investigated particles consist of iron oxide nanoparticle cores (9 nm) embedded in poly(styrene) spheres (160 nm). A thorough physical characterisation of the particles included transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation. Their structure was ultimately disclosed by an indirect Fourier transform of static light scattering, small angle X-ray scattering and small angle neutron scattering data of the colloidal dispersion. The extracted pair distance distribution functions clearly indicated that the cores were mostly accumulated in the outer surface layers of the poly(styrene) spheres. To investigate the magnetic properties, the isothermal magnetisation curves of the multi-core particles (immobilised and dispersed in water) were analysed. The study stands out by applying the same numerical approach to extract the apparent moment distributions of the particles as for the indirect Fourier transform. It could be shown that the main peak of the apparent moment distributions correlated to the expected intrinsic moment distribution of the cores. Additional peaks were observed which signaled deviations of the isothermal magnetisation behavior from the non-interacting case, indicating weak dipolar interactions.

  7. Effect of Zn and Ni substitution on structural, morphological and magnetic properties of tin oxide nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhuvana, S. [Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641046, Tamilnadu (India); Department of Physics, Dr. NGP Institute of Technology, Coimbatore 641048, Tamilnadu (India); Ramalingam, H.B.; Vadivel, K. [Department of Physics, Government Arts College, Udumalpet 642126, Tamilnadu (India); Ranjith Kumar, E., E-mail: ranjueaswar@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Dr. NGP Institute of Technology, Coimbatore 641048, Tamilnadu (India); Ayesh, Ahmad I. [Department of Math., Stat. and Physics, Qatar University, Doha (Qatar)

    2016-12-01

    Structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of Zn and Zn–Ni co-doped tin oxide (SnO{sub 2}) nanoparticles synthesized by sol-gel method. The influence of doping concentration on phase and particle size of the nanoparticles was determined by X-ray diffraction. The XRD study reveals that the lattice constant and crystallite size of the samples decrease with the increase of doping concentration. The change in the band gap energy of SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles influenced more by doping with Zn and Ni. The external morphology and particle size were recorded by SEM and TEM. The results indicated that Ni{sup 2+} ions would uniformly substituted into the Zn{sup 2+} sites of SnO{sub 2} lattice. The substitution of Ni creates a vital change in magnetic properties that has been measured by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). - Highlights: • Sn{sub 2-(x+y)} Ni{sub x}Zn{sub y}O{sub 2}, (x=y=0.07 to 0.10) nano particles are prepared by simple sol gel method. • X-ray diffraction data confirms the single phase rutile tetragonal structure. • The VSM was used to confirm, the codoping of (Ni, Zn) increases the magnetic moment of the sample prepared. • Inducing ferromagnetism in sample makes it suitable for future spintronics applications.

  8. Electrical, thermal, catalytic and magnetic properties of nano-structured materials and their applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zuwei

    Nanotechnology is a subject that studies the fabrication, properties, and applications of materials on the nanometer-scale. Top-down and bottom-up approaches are commonly used in nano-structure fabrication. The top-down approach is used to fabricate nano-structures from bulk materials by lithography, etching, and polishing etc. It is commonly used in mechanical, electronic, and photonic devices. Bottom-up approaches fabricate nano-structures from atoms or molecules by chemical synthesis, self-assembly, and deposition, such as sol-gel processing, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), focused ion beam (FIB) milling/deposition, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), and electro-deposition etc. Nano-structures can have several different dimensionalities, including zero-dimensional nano-structures, such as fullerenes, nano-particles, quantum dots, nano-sized clusters; one-dimensional nano-structures, such as carbon nanotubes, metallic and semiconducting nanowires; two-dimensional nano-structures, such as graphene, super lattice, thin films; and three-dimensional nano-structures, such as photonic structures, anodic aluminum oxide, and molecular sieves. These nano-structured materials exhibit unique electrical, thermal, optical, mechanical, chemical, and magnetic properties in the quantum mechanical regime. Various techniques can be used to study these properties, such as scanning probe microscopy (SPM), scanning/transmission electron microscopy (SEM/TEM), micro Raman spectroscopy, etc. These unique properties have important applications in modern technologies, such as random access memories, display, solar energy conversion, chemical sensing, and bio-medical devices. This thesis includes four main topics in the broad area of nanoscience: magnetic properties of ferro-magnetic cobalt nanowires, plasmonic properties of metallic nano-particles, photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide nanotubes, and electro-thermal-optical properties of carbon nanotubes. These materials and their

  9. Structure, microstructure and magnetic properties of electrodeposited Co and Co-Pt in different nanoscale geometries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khatri, Manvendra Singh

    2010-07-09

    Thin films and nanowires of Co-Pt have been prepared by means of electrodeposition. Composition, structure, microstructure and magnetic properties have been intensively studied using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry and correlated to the deposition parameters such as electrolyte composition, deposition current and/or potential. Co rich Co-Pt films have been deposited at various current densities. A nearly constant composition of Co{sub 70}Pt{sub 30} was achieved for current densities between 18 and 32 mA/cm{sup 2}. Detailed texture measurements confirmed an increasing fraction of the hexagonal phase with its c-axis aligned perpendicular to the film plane with increasing current density. Accordingly, magnetic properties are strongly affected by the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the hexagonal phase that competes with the shape anisotropy of the thin film geometry. Co-Pt nanowires have been prepared within alumina templates at different deposition potentials between -0.6 and -0.9 V{sub SCE} changing the composition from nearly pure Pt to Co. The composition Co{sub 80}Pt{sub 20} was observed at a deposition potential of -0.7 V{sub SCE}. Co-Pt nanowires are nanocrystalline in the as-deposited state. Magnetic measurements reveal changing fcc and hcp phase fractions within the wires as the effective anisotropy significantly differs from the expected shape anisotropy for nanowires with high aspect ratio. This change in effective anisotropy is attributed to the preferential alignment of the c-axis of hcp Co-Pt phase perpendicular to the nanowires axis. A promising alternative with much smaller feature sizes is the diblock copolymer template. Electrodeposition of Co and Co-Pt into these templates has been carried out. Inhomogeneities in the template thickness as well as a certain substrate roughness have been identified to be the reasons for inhomogeneous template filling. Thus magnetic properties are dominated by large

  10. Effect of RF power on structural and magnetic properties of La doped Bi2Fe4O9 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhiya, M.; Pugazhvadivu, K. S.; Balakrishnan, L.; Tamilarasan, K.

    2016-05-01

    Effect of RF power on structural and magnetic properties of lanthanum (La3+) doped Bi2Fe4O9 thin films grown on p-Si substrates by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering has studied in this investigation. It is observed that the sputtering power affects the crystalline nature and magnetic properties of grown thin films. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectrum confirms that the Bi2Fe4O9 (BFO) thin films were crystallized well with orthorhombic structure. The BFO thin films which was prepared at sputtering power of 100 W have good crystallinity than those prepared at 40 W. The magnetic properties are investigated by vibrating sample magnetometer. The magnetic hysteresis perceptive loop shows that the anti-ferromagnetic behavior of the sample at room temperature. These results confirms that the crystallinity and magnetic properties of the BFO thin films were enhanced at the higher sputtering power (100 W).

  11. Synthesis, structure and properties of oxalato and thio-oxalato molecule based magnets

    CERN Document Server

    Bradley, J M

    2001-01-01

    A number of techniques have been used to investigate the structure and magnetic properties of a range of materials based on transition metal complexes of the oxalate (C sub 2 O sub 4 sup 2 sup -) and dithio-oxalate (C sub 2 S sub 2 O sub 2 sup 2 sup -) ions. Structural studies were carried out using X ray and neutron diffraction. Magnetic properties were studied using DC magnetisation, neutron diffraction, muon spin relaxation and Mossbauer spectroscopy. Supporting evidence for structural studies was also gained from extended X ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). The materials studied are all mixed valence transition metal compounds with general formula AM sup I sup I M sup I sup I sup I (L) sub 3 (A = NR sub 4 sup + , PPh sub 4 sup +), M sup I sup I = Cr,Mn,Fe,Ni,Co, M sup I sup I sup I = Cr,Fe and L C sub 2 O sub 4 sup 2 sup - , C sub 2 S sub 2 O sub 2 sup 2 sup - , in which the metals are linked by either the oxalate or dithio-oxalate ligand to give 2 dimensional honeycomb lattices. These sheets are sep...

  12. Growth, structure and magnetic properties of single crystalline Fe/CoO/Ag(001) bilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abrudan, R.M.

    2007-07-16

    The structural and magnetic properties of epitaxially deposited single-crystalline CoO layers and Fe/CoO bilayers on Ag(001) were investigated. CoO films on Ag(001) exhibit (1 x 1) Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) patterns similar to the clean Ag(001) substrate. The vertical interlayer spacing of the CoO films, deduced from a kinematic analysis of LEED I(E) curves, is a {sub perpendicular} {sub to} /2=2.17 Aa, slightly expanded along the film normal. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) show a big improvement in the surface roughness after annealing the CoO films at 750 K in oxygen atmosphere. Magnetic measurements using the magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) show a characteristic increase of the coercive field when the Fe/CoO bilayer system is cooled down from room temperature to 150 K. The ordering temperature for the antiferromagnetic layer is in the same range as the Neel temperature for bulk CoO (T{sub N}=290 K). X-ray absorption spectroscopy was employed to probe magnetic and electronic properties with elemental selectivity. Absorption spectra taken from bilayers with different amounts of deposited Fe show only a weak indication for the formation of Fe oxide at the Fe/CoO interface (0.3 ML Fe). From the spectral shape it is concluded that an FeO type of oxide is formed. X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD) measurements exhibit a sizeable induced ferromagnetic signal at the Co L{sub 2,3} absorption edge, corresponding to an interface layer of 1.1 ML in which the magnetic spins couple with the Fe layer. The angular dependence of the X-ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism (XMLD) and X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism XMCD at both the Co and Fe L{sub 2,3} edges shows the orientation of the Co and Fe moments in the bilayers with respect to the crystallographic direction. PhotoElectron Emission Microscope (PEEM) is used to image each ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic layer separately. Magnetic contrast due to the induced magnetic spins at the interface is also

  13. Study of magnetic and structural properties of ferrofluids based on cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, J., E-mail: javierlo21@gmail.com [Thin Film Group, Universidad del Valle, A.A. 25360, Cali (Colombia); Gonzalez-Bahamon, L.F. [Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Universidad del Valle, A.A. 25360, Cali (Colombia); Prado, J.; Caicedo, J.C.; Zambrano, G.; Gomez, M.E. [Thin Film Group, Universidad del Valle, A.A. 25360, Cali (Colombia); Esteve, J. [Department de Fisica Aplicada i Optica, Universitat de Barcelona, Catalunya (Spain); Prieto, P. [Center of Excellence for Novel Materials, Universidad del Valle, Cali (Colombia)

    2012-02-15

    Ferrofluids are colloidal systems composed of a single domain of magnetic nanoparticles with a mean diameter around 30 nm, dispersed in a liquid carrier. Magnetic Co{sub (1-x)}Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75) ferrite nanoparticles were prepared via co-precipitation method from aqueous salt solutions in an alkaline medium. The composition and structure of the samples were characterized through Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, respectively. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) studies permitted determining nanoparticle size; grain size of nanoparticle conglomerates was established via Atomic Force Microscopy. The magnetic behavior of ferrofluids was characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM); and finally, a magnetic force microscope was used to visualize the magnetic domains of Co{sub (1-x)}Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction patterns of Co{sub (1-x)}Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} show the presence of the most intense peak corresponding to the (311) crystallographic orientation of the spinel phase of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy confirmed the presence of the bonds associated to the spinel structures; particularly for ferrites. The mean size of the crystallite of nanoparticles determined from the full-width at half maximum of the strongest reflection of the (311) peak by using the Scherrer approximation diminished from (9.5{+-}0.3) nm to (5.4{+-}0.2) nm when the Zn concentration increases from 0.21 to 0.75. The size of the Co-Zn ferrite nanoparticles obtained by TEM is in good agreement with the crystallite size calculated from X-ray diffraction patterns, using Scherer's formula. The magnetic properties investigated with the aid of a VSM at room temperature presented super-paramagnetic behavior, determined by the shape of the hysteresis loop. In this study, we established that the coercive field of Co{sub (1-x)}Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} magnetic

  14. Thickness dependencies of structural and magnetic properties of cubic and tetragonal Heusler alloy bilayer films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranjbar, R.; Suzuki, K. Z.; Sugihara, A.; Ando, Y.; Miyazaki, T.; Mizukami, S.

    2017-07-01

    The thickness dependencies of the structural and magnetic properties for bilayers of cubic Co-based Heusler alloys (CCHAs: Co2FeAl (CFA), Co2FeSi (CFS), Co2MnAl (CMA), and Co2MnSi (CMS)) and D022-MnGa were investigated. Epitaxy of the B2 structure of CCHAs on a MnGa film was achieved; the smallest thickness with the B2 structure was found for 3-nm-thick CMS and CFS. The interfacial exchange coupling (Jex) was antiferromagnetic (AFM) for all of the CCHAs/MnGa bilayers except for unannealed CFA/MnGa samples. A critical thickness (tcrit) at which perpendicular magnetization appears of approximately 4-10 nm for the CMA/MnGa and CMS/MnGa bilayers was observed, whereas this thickness was 1-3 nm for the CFA/MnGa and CFS/MnGa films. The critical thickness for different CCHAs materials is discussed in terms of saturation magnetization (Ms) and the Jex .

  15. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type graphene, BN and BC{sub 2}N nanoribbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerra, T.; Azevedo, S. [Departamento de Física/CCEN, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-900 João Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Kaschny, J.R. [Instituto Federal da Bahia-Campus Vitória da Conquista, Caixa Postal 3150, 45075-265 Vitória da Conquista, BA (Brazil)

    2017-04-15

    Graphene nanoribbons are predicted to be essential components in future nanoelectronics. The size, edge type, arrangement of atoms and width of nanoribbons drastically change their properties. Boronnitrogencarbon nanoribbons properties are not fully understood so far. In the present contribution it was investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type carbon, boron nitride and BC{sub 2}N nanoribbons, using first-principles calculations. The results indicate that the structural stability is closely related to the discrepancies in the bond lengths, which can induce structural deformations and stress. Such nanoribbons present a wide range of electronic behaviors, depending on their composition and particularities of the atomic arrangement. A net magnetic moment is found for structures that present carbon atoms at the nanoribbon borders. Nevertheless, the calculated magnetic moment depends on the peculiarities of the symmetric arrangement of atoms and imbalance of carbon atoms between different sublattices. It was found that all structures which have a significant energy gap do not present magnetic moment, and vice-versa. Such result indicates the strong correlation between the electronic and magnetic properties of the chevron-type nanoribbons. - Highlights: • Small discrepancies between distinct bond lengths can influence the formation energy of the BC{sub 2}N nanoribbons. • The electronic behavior of the BC{sub 2}N chevron-type nanoribbons depends on the atomic arrangement and structural symmetries. • There is a strong correlation between the electronic and magnetic properties for the BC{sub 2}N structures.

  16. Structural and Optical Properties of Single- and Few-Layer Magnetic Semiconductor CrPS4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jinhwan; Ko, Taeg Yeoung; Kim, Jung Hwa; Bark, Hunyoung; Kang, Byunggil; Jung, Soon-Gil; Park, Tuson; Lee, Zonghoon; Ryu, Sunmin; Lee, Changgu

    2017-10-30

    Atomically thin binary two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors exhibit diverse physical properties depending on their composition, structure, and thickness. By adding another element in these materials, which will lead to formation of ternary 2D materials, the property and structure would greatly change and significantly expanded applications could be explored. In this work, we report structural and optical properties of atomically thin chromium thiophosphate (CrPS4), a ternary antiferromagnetic semiconductor. Its structural details were revealed by X-ray and electron diffraction. Transmission electron microscopy showed that preferentially cleaved edges are parallel to diagonal Cr atom rows, which readily identified their crystallographic orientations. Strong in-plane optical anisotropy induced birefringence that also enabled efficient determination of crystallographic orientation using polarized microscopy. The lattice vibrations were probed by Raman spectroscopy and exhibited significant dependence on thickness of crystals exfoliated down to a single layer. Optical absorption determined by reflectance contrast was dominated by d-d-type transitions localized at Cr3+ ions, which was also responsible for the major photoluminescence peak at 1.31 eV. The spectral features in the absorption and emission spectra exhibited noticeable thickness dependence and hinted at a high photochemical activity for single-layer CrPS4. The current structural and optical investigation will provide a firm basis for future study and application of this kind of atomically thin magnetic semiconductors.

  17. Structural, thermal and magnetic properties of Pr-123 polycrystalline and thin film superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo-Moreira, F.M. E-mail: faraujo@df.ufscar.br; Lisboa-Filho, P.N.; Lanfredi, A.J.C.; Ortiz, W.A.; Zanetti, S.M.; Leite, E.R.; Mombru, A.W.; Ghivelder, L.; Zhao, Y.G.; Venkatesan, V

    2001-05-01

    We report the structural, thermal and magnetic properties of superconducting PrBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (Pr-123). The existence of superconductivity in samples of Pr-123 is still a polemic subject. To further study this problem, we have measured thin films and high-quality polycrystalline bulk samples by following a sol-gel method, associated with heat treatment in argon atmosphere. The present results confirm the occurrence of superconductivity in Pr-123 polycrystalline and thin film samples.

  18. Obtaining, structural, magnetic and corrosive properties of Nd–Fe–B alloy thin films on glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neacsu, Elena Ionela [“Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Romanian Academy, Splaiul Independentei 202, Bucharest (Romania); Constantin, Virgil, E-mail: virgilconstantin@yahoo.com [“Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Romanian Academy, Splaiul Independentei 202, Bucharest (Romania); Yanushkevish, Kazimir, E-mail: kazimir@ifttp.bas-net.by [Scientific-Practical Materials Research Center NAS, P. Broski Str.19, Minsk (Belarus); Galyas, Anatoly; Demidenko, Olga [Scientific-Practical Materials Research Center NAS, P. Broski Str.19, Minsk (Belarus); Calderon-Moreno, Jose; Popescu, Ana-Maria [“Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Romanian Academy, Splaiul Independentei 202, Bucharest (Romania)

    2014-09-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Nd–Fe–B thin film alloys are obtained by vacuum evaporation method. • XRD, SEM/EDS and XPS were used for characterization of the thin film alloys. • Magnetic properties determined by the ponderomotive method permit calculation of the coercive force and magnetic saturation field of Nd–Fe–B thin layers. • Corrosive properties were determined in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. • XPS analysis showed that the different electrochemical corrosion performance was associated with the ability of the thin films to form a big and continuous Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} passive film, while the formation of Nd(OH){sub 3} lead to a decrease of the corrosion resistance. - Abstract: By “flash” method at the installation of vacuum evaporation the thin Nd–Fe–B layers of 100 nm ≤ d ≤ 1000 nm were obtained on glass support. The structure and microstructure of the thin Nd–Fe–B films was studied by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The study of the specific magnetization temperature dependences of the Nd–Fe–B films on the glass substrate in the 80 ≤ T ≤ 800 K temperature range by ponderomotive method showed that the magnetization of the layer of d ≥ 1000 nm thickness are comparable to those for powder samples. The magnetization of film with d < 100 nm thickness at 100 K does not exceed 85 Å m{sup 2} kg{sup −1}. In such films the long-range structural order is destroyed. The values of the coercive force and magnetic saturation field of Nd–Fe–B thin layers are determined. The corrosion process of the thin Nd–Fe–B films magnets was studied experimentally in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that the different electrochemical corrosion performance was associated with the ability of the thin films to form a big and continuous Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} passive film, while the formation of Nd(OH){sub 3} lead to

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of Co-substituted NiCu ferrite nanopowders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Le-Zhong, E-mail: lezhongli@cuit.edu.cn; Zhong, Xiao-Xi; Wang, Rui; Tu, Xiao-Qiang; Peng, Long

    2017-07-01

    Highlights: • There are Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and CuO impurity phases when x ≤ 0.10. • The saturation magnetization and coercivity monotonically increase with the increase of Co substitution. • The anisotropy constant increases with the increase of Co substitution. • The calculated and observed values of magneton number are in close agreement with each other. - Abstract: Co-substituted NiCu ferrite nanopowders with the chemical formula Ni{sub 0.5−x}Cu{sub 0.5−x}Co{sub 2x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.50) were synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method. The effects of Co substitution on the cation distribution, structural and magnetic properties of the NiCu ferrite nanopowders have been investigated. Differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) measurements were used to characterize the chemical, structural and magnetic properties of the ferrite nanopowders, respectively. The DTA-TG results indicate that there are three steps of the combustion process. XRD results indicate that there are Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and CuO impurity phases when x ≤ 0.10. Furthermore, the lattice parameter increases, and the X-ray density and the average crystallite size decrease with increasing Co substitution. And the obtained particle size from TEM image is in very good agreement with the average crystallite size estimated by XRD measurements. The saturation magnetization and coercivity monotonically increase with the increase of Co substitution. The increase of the saturation magnetization is due to the substitution of Ni{sup 2+} and Cu{sup 2+} ions with lower magnetic moment by Co{sup 2+} ions with higher magnetic moment on the octahedral sites. And the increase of the coercivity is mainly due to the increase of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy.

  20. Structure, magnetism, and electron-transport properties of Mn2CrGa-based nanomaterials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyong Zhang

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Mn2CrGa in the disordered cubic structure has been synthesized using rapid quenching and subsequent annealing. The cubic phase transforms to a stable tetragonal phase when a fraction of Cr or Ga is replaced by Pt or Al, respectively. All samples are ferrimagnetic with high Curie temperatures (Tc; Mn2CrGa exhibits the highest Tc of about 813 K. The tetragonal samples have appreciable values of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy, which leads to an increase in coercivity (Hc that approaches about 10 kOe in the Pt-doped sample. The Hc linearly increases with a decrease of temperature, concomitant with the anisotropy change with temperature. All samples are metallic and show negative magnetoresistance with room-temperature resistivities on the order of 1 mΩcm. The magnetic properties including high Tc and low magnetic moment suggest that these tetragonal materials have potential for spin-transfer-torque-based devices.

  1. Structure and magnetic properties of nanosized magnetite obtained by glass recrystallization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandu, V; Nicolescu, M S; Kuncser, V; Popa, S; Pasuk, I; Ghica, C; Sandu, E

    2012-06-01

    We present the preparation, structural and magnetic properties of nanosized magnetite obtained by the crystallization of a series of Fe-containing borosilicate glasses. Several compositions with the ratio Fe2O3/SiO2 spanning from 0.37 to 0.67 were investigated as a function of two nucleators Cr2O3 and P2O5, respectively, and modifiers and intermediates (Al2O3 and MgO). Mössbauer spectroscopy revealed the degree, the type and the location of disorder induced by a specific composition and nucleators. In addition to magnetite, it was also revealed the presence of large amounts of Fe-rich paramagnetic phases. The magnetic response is analysed in relation with the amount of Fe ions which remain dispersed in the glassy matrix as noninteracting (paramagnetic) ions. We discuss the role of the nucleators on the disorder in both tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the magnetite.

  2. Structural, magnetic, and electronic properties of high moment FeCo nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zehani, K., E-mail: zehani@icmpe.cnrs.fr [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Bez, R. [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); LMOP, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092 Tunis (Tunisia); Boutahar, A. [LPMMAT, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ain Chock, B.P.5366 Maârif, Route d’El Jadida, km-8, Casablanca (Morocco); Hlil, E.K. [Institut Néel, CNRS et Université Joseph Fourier, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Lassri, H. [LPMMAT, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ain Chock, B.P.5366 Maârif, Route d’El Jadida, km-8, Casablanca (Morocco); Moscovici, J. [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Mliki, N. [LMOP, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092 Tunis (Tunisia); Bessais, L. [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France)

    2014-04-05

    Highlights: • The nanoparticles cobalt ferrite was synthesized in polyol medium (10 nm). • Subsequently, the ferrite is annealed under argon at 873 K for different times. • After annealing, we have obtained of nanoparticles FeCo. • Their Structural, electronic, and magnetic properties have been presented. • The sample annealed at 873 K for 4 h exhibits the best M{sub s} (M{sub s} = 235 emu g{sup −1}). -- Abstract: Soft-magnetic Fe{sub 55}Co{sub 45} alloy nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by the polyol reduction process followed by annealing under argon. The diethylene glycol (DEG) was used as solvent and reducing agent simultaneously in this process. The synthesized samples of nanoparticles were annealed at 873 K for different times. The alloy formation processes, the evolution of the microstructure, the magnetic properties, and the DOS calculation have been investigated before and after samples annealing. The X-ray diffraction of the synthesized product before annealing shows that a cobalt ferrite is spinel structure of crystallite size of about 10 nm. X-ray diffraction analysis of the samples annealed at 873 K for different times also shows that of the FeCo alloy has been obtained by reducing the cobalt ferrite. It has been confirmed the formation of a body-centered-cubic (bcc) single phase structure where the wt.% increases with annealing times leading to a pure phase after annealing during 4 h. These results are confirmed by transmission electron microscopy study. The saturation magnetization of the Fe–Co alloys increases with annealing time, indicating an increasing homogeneity in composition and the single bcc FeCo phase formation. The highest saturation magnetization of 235 emu g{sup −1}with a low coercivity of 76 Oe was obtained for the Fe{sub 55}Co{sub 45}nanoparticles annealed during 4 h. The local random anisotropy constant K{sub L} has been extracted. This work presents also detailed information about total, and atom

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of the nanocomposite materials based on a mesoporous silicon dioxide matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grigor’eva, N. A., E-mail: natali@lns.pnpi.spb.ru [St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation); Eckerlebe, H. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht (Germany); Eliseev, A. A.; Lukashin, A. V.; Napol’skii, K. S. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Kraje, M. [Reactor Institute Delft (Netherlands); Grigor’ev, S. V. [St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)

    2017-03-15

    The structural and magnetic properties of the mesoporous systems based on silicon dioxide with a regular hexagonal arrangement of pores several microns in length and several nanometers in diameter, which are filled with iron compound nanofilaments in various chemical states, are studied in detail. The studies are performed using the following mutually complementary methods: transmission electron microscopy, SQUID magnetometry, electron spin resonance, Mössbauer spectroscopy, polarized neutron small-angle diffraction, and synchrotron radiation diffraction. It is shown that the iron nanoparticles in pores are mainly in the γ phase of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} with a small addition of the α phase and atomic iron clusters. The effective magnetic field acting on a nanofilament from other nanofilaments is 11 mT and has a dipole nature, the ferromagnetic–paramagnetic transition temperature is in the range 76–94 K depending on the annealing temperature of the samples, and the temperature that corresponds to the change in the magnetic state of the iron oxide nanofilaments is T ≈ 50–60 K at H = 0 and T ≈ 80 K at H = 300 mT. It is also shown that the magnetization reversal of an array of nanofilaments is caused by the magnetostatic interaction between nanofilaments at the fields that are lower than the saturation field.

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of Co1+ySnyFe2–2y–xCrxO4 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 26; Issue 5. Structural and magnetic properties of Co 1 + y Sn y Fe 2 – 2 y – x Cr x O4 ferrite system. A A Pandit S S More R G Dorik K M Jadhav. Magnetic Materials Volume 26 Issue 5 August 2003 pp 517-521 ...

  5. Effect of single vacancy on the structural, electronic structure and magnetic properties of monolayer graphyne by first-principles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Jiangni, E-mail: niniyun@nwu.edu.cn; Zhang, Yanni; Xu, Manzhang; Wang, Keyun; Zhang, Zhiyong

    2016-10-01

    The effect of single vacancy on the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of monolayer graphyne is investigated by the first-principles calculations. The calculated results reveal that single vacancy can result in the spin polarization in monolayer graphyne and the spin polarization is sensitive to local geometric structure of the vacancy. In the case of monolayer graphyne with one single vacancy at the sp{sup 2} hybridized C site, the vacancy introduces rather weakly spin-polarized, flat bands in the band gap. Due to the localization nature of the defect-induced bands, the magnetic moment is mainly localized at the vacancy site. As for the monolayer graphyne with one single vacancy at the sp hybridized C site, one defect-induced state which is highly split appears in the band gap. The spin-up band of the defect-induced state is highly dispersive and shows considerable delocalization, suggesting that the magnetic moment is dispersed around the vacancy site. The above magnetization in monolayer graphyne with one single vacancy is possibly explained in terms of the valence-bond theory. - Graphical abstract: Calculated band structure of the monolayer graphyne without (a) and with one single vacancy at Vb site (b) and at Vr site(c), respectively. Blue and red lines represent the spin-up and spin-down bands, respectively. For the sake of clarity, the band structure near the Fermi energy is also presented on the right panel. The Fermi level is set to zero on the energy scale. - Highlights: • A Jahn-Teller distortion occurs in monolayer graphyne with single vacancy. • The spin polarization is sensitive to local geometric structure of the vacancy. • Vacancy lying at sp{sup 2} hybridized C site introduces weakly spin-polarized defect bands. • A strong spin splitting occurs when the vacancy lies at sp hybridized C site. • The magnetization is explained in terms of the valence-bond theory.

  6. Electrical and magnetic properties of multilayer polymer structures with nano inclusions as prepared by selective laser sintering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shishkovsky, Igor; Morozov, Yury

    2013-02-01

    Selective laser sintering (SLS) was used to prepare porous polymer nanocomposites comprising of a polycarbonate (PC) matrix doped with 30-50 wt% nano Ni or/and 10-30 wt% nano Cu. The electrical conductivity was measured at f = 1 MHz, bias dc voltage 40 V, and 300-400 K. Magnetic measurements were carried out at r.t. in magnetic fields of up to 10 kOe. Temperature dependence of electrophysical properties was studied for 3D samples derived from PC-Cu powders. Magnetic properties were measured for alternating ferromagnetic/non-magnetic layers with Ni and/or Cu core/polymer shell structures. Temperature dependencies for a real part of a dielectric permeability, loss tangent, and magnetization were found to have a hysteresis character. The structure of sintered items was found to depend of external dc magnetic field.

  7. Probing structure-property relationships in perpendicularly magnetized Fe/Cu(001) using MXLD and XPD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cummins, T.R.; Waddill, G.D. [Univ. of Missouri, Rolla, MO (United States); Goodman, K.W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    Magnetic X-ray Linear Dichroism (MXLD) in Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction (XPD) of the Fe 3p core level have been used to probe the magnetic structure-property relationships of perpendicularly magnetized Fe/Cu(001), in an element-specific fashion. A strong MEXLD effect was observed in the high resolution photoelectron spectroscopy of the Fe 3p at {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} emission and was used to follow the loss of perpendicular ferromagnetic ordering as the temperature was raised toward room temperature. In parallel with this, {open_quotes}Forward Focussing{close_quotes} in XPD was used as a direct measure of geometric structure in the overlayer. These results and the implications of their correlation will be discussed. Additionally, an investigation of the effect of Mn doping of the Fe/Cu(001) will be described. These measurements were performed at the Spectromicroscopy Facility (Beamline 7.0.1) of the Advanced Light Source.

  8. Structural, elastic and magnetic properties of Mn and Sb doped chromium nitride – An ab initio study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikram Un Nabi Lone; Sheik Sirajuddeen M Mohamed, E-mail: msheiksiraj@bsauniv.ac.in; Shameem Banu, I.B.; Sathik Basha, S.

    2017-05-01

    Structural, magnetic and elastic properties of Mn and Sb doped CrN were investigated by the electronic band structure calculations using Full Potential Linear Augmented Plane Wave (FP-LAPW) method. The host compound CrN was doped with Mn and Sb separately, in the doping concentration of 12.5% to replace Cr atoms. The introduction of Mn and Sb atoms replacing the Cr atoms does not change the structural stability of the compound. The changes in magnetic and elastic properties were investigated and compared in GGA and GGA+U methods. The doped CrN undergoes a relative increase in the magnetic order with the substitution of Mn and Sb atoms. In GGA method, the magnetic moments are found to be greater in Mn doped CrN than that found in Sb doped Cr{sub 0.875}NSb{sub 0.125}. When doped with Sb, the elastic moduli such as Young’s modulus, bulk modulus and rigidity modulus show a relative increase in comparison with that in Mn doped CrN. Using Hubbard model in GGA+U method, both the magnetic and elastic properties increase in Mn and Sb doped compounds. - Highlights: • Mn and Sb doped Chromium Nitride. • Structural properties. • Magnetic properties. • Elastic properties.

  9. Mn-doping effects on structural and magnetic properties of Ge nanocrystals on insulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aouassa, M.; Zrir, M. A.; Jadli, I.; Bandyopadhyay, A. K.; Karaman, I.; Panczer, G.; Maaref, H.

    2018-01-01

    A comparison between dewetting properties of amorphous Ge and GeMn layers on SiO2, followed by a detailed study of magnetic and structural properties of GeMn nanocrystals (NCs), is done by means of several characterization techniques. The formation of three-dimensional Ge and GeMn NCs by solid-state dewetting process was evidenced by transmission electron microscopy. Studying the dewetting morphologies revealed a weak dependence on the Mn content. We show that the size of the dewetted NCs is proportional to the initial film thickness. SQUID measurements of GeMn NCs show the ferromagnetic behavior of Mn5Ge3 phase with Curie temperature at 300 K. Raman spectroscopy was performed for GeMn self-assembled NCs in order to investigate the effects of Mn-doping and the nature of the capping layer on the strain level.

  10. Structural and Magnetic Interplay in Molecule-based Magnets with Photocontrollable Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calm, Y. M.; Knowles, E. S.; Pajerowski, D. M.; Ziegler, A. M.; Meisel, M. W.; Phan, H.; Shatruk, M.; Andrus, M. J.; Dumont, M. F.; Talham, D. R.

    2011-03-01

    Understanding the cooperative effects, such as electron-lattice interactions, in molecule-based magnetic coordination complexes possessing photoinduced phase transitions is an important step to being able to rationally tune the variables governing the process. Specifically, variable temperature FTIR spectroscopy and magnetometry have been used to explore the temperature and photocontrollable spin transitions in Co-Fe Prussian blue analogues, Aj Co k [Fe(CN)6 ]l . n H2 O, where A is an alkali ion, and in new Fe spin-crossover complexes. By studying nanoparticles and heterostructures, the data provide insight into the roles played by restricted lattice geometries and strain-pressure effects. Supported by NSF DMR-0701400 (MWM), CHE-0911109 (MS), DMR-1005581 (DRT), DMR-0851707 (UF Physics REU for AMZ), and DMR-0654118 (NHMFL).

  11. Synthesis of 2D and 1D graphene structures and their magnetic and plasmonic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Changgan

    The synthesis of 2D and 1D graphene structures is critical to explore their unique physical properties, including Dirac plasmonics in 2D graphene and spin-polarized edge states in zigzag graphene nanoribbons. We have developed a universal new method to synthesize 2D and 1D graphene structures, and further revealed the exotic magnetic and plasmonic properties of graphene at the quantum level. Our central findings include: 1) Self-assembled synthesis of monolayer graphene from aromatic molecules at low temperatures; 2) One-dimensional self-assembled synthesis of the narrowest zigzag graphene nanoribbons, with the pentacene segments connected by carbon tetragons, which are predicted to serve as definitive spin switches to reverse the spin orientations of the two edge channels; 3) Quantum control of the plasmon excitation and propagation in graphene; 4) Substantial enhancement of quantum coherence in graphene by plasmon coupling. Collectively, these findings help to shed new light on the synthesis of graphene structures with designed patterns and exploration of their emergent quantum properties. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Basic Research Program of China, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of Co−Ti substituted barium hexaferrite thick films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verma, Samiksha; Pandey, O.P. [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University Patiala, 147004, Punjab (India); Paesano, Andrea [Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Av. Colombo, 5790, Maringá (Brazil); Sharma, Puneet, E-mail: puneet.sharma@thapar.edu [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University Patiala, 147004, Punjab (India)

    2016-09-05

    Co−Ti substituted M-type barium hexaferrite BaFe{sub 12-2x}Co{sub x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 19} (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) thick films were prepared by screen printing method. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of single phase BaFe{sub 12}O{sub 19} (BaM). The preferential site occupation of Co{sup 2+} and Ti{sup 4+} ion for Fe{sup 3+} ion at five different crystallographic sites (12k, 4f{sub 1}, 4f{sub 2}, 2a, and 2b) was measured by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The analyses showed Co−Ti ions preferentially occupy 2b and 4f{sub 2} sites which were responsible for drastic decrease in magnetocrystalline anisotropy field (H{sub a}). Magnetization (M) value found to be higher for x = 0.5. The coercivity (H{sub c}) dropped dramatically, recording a reduction of about 95% at x = 1.0, attributed to decreased in H{sub a}. SEM micrographs of Co−Ti substituted films revealed hexagonal grain structure. The magnetic properties of Co−Ti substituted BaM, suggests a possible candidate for microwave applications. - Highlights: • Single phase Co−Ti substituted BaM thick films are prepared from screen printing method. • The effect of Co−Ti substitution on structural and magnetic properties is studied. • Mössbauer spectroscopy illustrate, Co−Ti ions are preferentially occupy 2b and 4f{sub 2} sites. • Drastic decrease in magnetocrystalline anisotropy (H{sub a}) and (H{sub c}) is observed.

  13. Structural and magnetic properties in Heusler-type ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukatani, N.; Inagaki, K.; Miyawaki, T.; Ueda, K.; Asano, H.

    2013-05-01

    The structure and magnetic properties of Heusler ferromagnet/antiferromagnet (FM/AFM) bilayers were investigated. Structural characterization revealed that Fe2CrSi/Ru2MnGe bilayers were epitaxially grown with an L21 ordered structure when the Ru2MnGe growth temperature was 573 K. The magnetization curve indicates that exchange bias occurs in the Fe2CrSi/Ru2MnGe bilayers at 77 K. The appearance of an exchange-anisotropy field Hex depends on the growth of Ru2MnGe layer, indicating that the exchange bias originates from the epitaxial Fe2CrSi/Ru2MnGe interface. The exchange anisotropy energy Jk of the Fe2CrSi/Ru2MnGe and Co2MnGe/Ru2MnGe bilayer systems appears to follow a Heisenberg-like exchange coupling model. This suggests that the Cr and Mn interface atoms in the FM layers play significant roles in exchange coupling in the Fe2CrSi/Ru2MnGe and Co2MnGe/Ru2MnGe bilayer systems, respectively.

  14. Magnetic and structural properties of FeC O3 at high pressures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golosova, N. O.; Kozlenko, D. P.; Dubrovinsky, L. S.; Cerantola, V.; Bykov, M.; Bykova, E.; Kichanov, S. E.; Lukin, E. V.; Savenko, B. N.; Ponomareva, A. V.; Abrikosov, I. A.

    2017-10-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of siderite FeC O3 have been studied by means of neutron powder diffraction at pressures up to 7.5 GPa and first-principles theoretical calculations. The lattice compression in the rhombohedral calcite-type structure is dominated by the reduction of the Fe-O bonds, while the changes of the C-O bonds are much less pronounced. The Néel temperature of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state increases substantially under pressure with a coefficient d TN/d P =1.8 K /GPa , which is about 1.5 times larger in comparison with those predicted by the empirical Bloch rule. The ab initio calculations were performed in the framework of the density functional theory including Hubbard-U correction. The calculated structural parameters and Néel temperature as functions of pressure provide a reasonable agreement with the experimental results. The analysis of the density of electronic states points toward increased covalent bonding between the Fe and O atoms upon pressure, giving rise to unexpectedly large pressure coefficient of the Néel temperature and reduced ordered magnetic moments of Fe atoms.

  15. Novel dense organic-lanthanide hybrid architectures: syntheses, structures and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Zheng-Shuai; Xu, Jing; Okamura, Taka-aki; Chen, Man-Sheng; Sun, Wei-Yin; Ueyama, Norikazu

    2009-04-14

    Six novel three-dimensional (3D) dense organic-lanthanide(III) frameworks with formula {[Ln(HBPTCA)(H2O)].3H2O}n [Ln = La (1), Ce (2), Sm (3)] and [Ln4(BPTCA)3(H2O)4]n [Ln = Tb (4), Dy (5), Ho (6)] were obtained by reactions of the corresponding lanthanide nitrate salt with 4,4'-bipyridine-2,2',6,6'-tetracarboxylic acid (H4BPTCA) under different conditions. Complexes 1-3 have the same structure with (4, 6(2))(2)(4(2), 6(10), 8(3)) topology, which is rare binodal (3, 6)-connecting rutile structure, while the complexes 4-6 also with the same structure have different topology of (4(2), 6)(4)(6, 8(2))(4)(4(3), 6(3))(4)(4(2), 6(4))(6)(4(4), 6(5), 8(5), 10). The results indicate that the reaction conditions have great influence on the structure of the resulted complexes in this system. In addition, the H4BPTCA was found to be an effective bridging ligand for construction of novel lanthanide-based dense hybrids, and two new coordination modes of the BPTCA4- were found in the complexes. The photoluminescent property of 4 and magnetic properties of 2, 5 and 6 were also investigated.

  16. Structural, magnetic and optical properties of ZnO nanostructures converted from ZnS nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patel, Prayas Chandra; Ghosh, Surajit; Srivastava, P.C., E-mail: pcsrivastava50@gmail.com

    2016-09-15

    Graphical abstract: The phase conversion of ZnS to highly crystalline hexagonal ZnO was done by heat treatment. - Highlights: • Phase change of cubic ZnS to hexagonal ZnO via heat treatment. • Band gap was found to decrease with increasing calcinations temperature. • ZnO samples have higher magnetic moment than ZnS. • Blocking Temperature of the samples is well above room temperature. • Maximum negative%MR with saturation value ∼38% was found for sample calcined at 600° C. - Abstract: The present work concentrates on the synthesis of cubic ZnS and hexagonal ZnO semiconducting nanoparticle from same precursor via co-precipitation method. The phase conversion of ZnS to highly crystalline hexagonal ZnO was done by heat treatment. From the analysis of influence of calcination temperature on the structural, optical and vibrational properties of the samples, an optimum temperature was found for the total conversion of ZnS nanoparticles to ZnO. Role of quantum confinement due to finite size is evident from the blue shift of the fundamental absorption in UV–vis spectra only in the ZnS nanoparticles. The semiconducting nature of the prepared samples is confirmed from the UV–vis, PL study and transport study. From the magnetic and transport studies, pure ZnO phase was found to be more prone to magnetic field.

  17. Structural and magnetic properties of reduced graphene oxide-TiO2 nanoflower composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahadur, Jitendra; Pal, Kaushik

    2017-06-01

    We have focused on the structural and magnetic properties of hazardous acid free synthesis of anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) phase nanoflower and reduced graphene oxide-TiO2 (rGO-TiO2) nanocomposite using hydrothermal process. Because, strong acids free synthesis is environmental friendly and reduce overall cost of synthesized samples. In the synthesis of rGO-TiO2, synthesized TiO2 nanoflower and graphene oxide (GO) were used as reagents. The resulting materials have analyzed using different techniques such as, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy and Fourier Transformation Infrared spectrophotometer for confirmation of flower like morphology, crystalline phase and chemical composition. Moreover, VSM analysis has revealed the ferromagnetism induced in the rGO-TiO2 composite at room temperature. The values of saturation magnetization were found to be 0.002 and 0.243±0.04 emu/g for TiO2 nanoflower and rGO-TiO2 nanocomposite, respectively. In comparison of pure TiO2, rGO-TiO2 exhibited larger magnetization at room temperature. This is because presences of various edge and site defects such as topological and point defects like vacancies, which create localized unpaired spins in reduced graphene oxide (rGO), induce the ferromagnetism behavior in rGO-TiO2 nanocomposite.

  18. Structural, transport, magnetic, magnetocaloric properties and critical analysis of Ni-Co-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arumugam, S.; Devarajan, U.; Esakki Muthu, S.; Singh, Sanjay; Thiyagarajan, R.; Raja, M. Manivel; Rama Rao, N. V.; Banerjee, Alok

    2017-11-01

    In this work, we have investigated structural, transport, magnetic, magnetocaloric (MC) properties and critical exponents analysis of the (Ni2.1-xCox)Mn0.9 Ga (x = 0, 0.04, 0.12 and 0.2) Heusler alloys. For all compositions, cubic austenite (A) phase with metallic character is observed at room temperature (RT). With increasing of Co content, magnitude of resistivity decreases, whereas residual resistivity (ρ0) and electron scattering factor (A) increases linearly. Magnetic measurements exhibit that ferromagnetic (FM) Curie temperature (TCA) increases towards RT by increasing Co concentration. All samples show conventional MC and maximum magnetic entropy change (ΔSMpeak) of -2.8 Jkg-1 K-1 is observed for x = 0.12 at 147 K under 5 T. Further, hysteresis is observed between cooling and warming cycles around FM-PM (TCA) transition in x = 0, 0.04 samples, which suggests that first order nature of transition. However, there is no hysteresis across TCA for x = 0.12 and 0.2 samples suggesting second-order nature of the transition. The critical exponents are calculated for x = 0.12 sample around TCA using Arrott plot and Kouvel-Fisher method, the estimated critical exponents are found closer to the mean-field model reveals the long range ferromagnetic ordering in this composition.

  19. Ab initio study of thermodynamic, electronic, magnetic, structural, and elastic properties of Ni4N allotropes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemzalová, P.; Friák, M.; Šob, M.; Ma, D.; Udyansky, A.; Raabe, D.; Neugebauer, J.

    2013-11-01

    We have employed parameter-free density functional theory calculations to study the thermodynamic stability and structural parameters as well as elastic and electronic properties of Ni4N in eight selected crystallographic phases. In agreement with the experimental findings, the cubic structure with Pearson symbol cP5, space group Pm3¯m (221) is found to be the most stable and it is also the only thermodynamically stable structure at T=0 K with respect to decomposition to the elemental Ni crystal and N2 gas phase. We determine structural parameters, bulk moduli, and their pressure derivatives for all eight allotropes. The thermodynamic stability and bulk modulus is shown to be anticorrelated. Comparing ferromagnetic and nonmagnetic states, we find common features between the magnetism of elemental Ni and studied ferromagnetic Ni4N structures. For the ground-state Ni4N structure and other two Ni4N cubic allotropes, we predict a complete set of single-crystalline elastic constants (in the equilibrium and under hydrostatic pressure), the Young and area moduli, as well as homogenized polycrystalline elastic moduli obtained by different homogenization methods. We demonstrate that the elastic anisotropy of the ground-state Ni4N is qualitatively opposite to that in the elemental Ni, i.e., these materials have hard and soft crystallographic directions interchanged. Moreover, one of the studied metastable cubic phases is found auxetic, i.e., exhibiting negative Poisson ratio.

  20. Iron sulfide (troilite) inclusion extracted from Sikhote-Alin iron meteorite: Composition, structure and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oshtrakh, M.I., E-mail: oshtrakh@gmail.com [Department of Physical Techniques and Devices for Quality Control, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Department of Experimental Physics, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Klencsár, Z. [Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Magyar tudósok körútja 2, Budapest, 1117 (Hungary); Petrova, E.V.; Grokhovsky, V.I. [Department of Physical Techniques and Devices for Quality Control, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Chukin, A.V. [Department of Theoretical Physics and Applied Mathematics, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Shtoltz, A.K. [Department of Electrophysics, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Maksimova, A.A. [Department of Physical Techniques and Devices for Quality Control, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Felner, I. [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem (Israel); Kuzmann, E.; Homonnay, Z. [Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (Hungary); Semionkin, V.A. [Department of Physical Techniques and Devices for Quality Control, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation); Department of Experimental Physics, Institute of Physics and Technology, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, 620002 (Russian Federation)

    2016-05-01

    Iron sulfide (troilite) inclusion extracted from Sikhote-Alin IIAB iron meteorite was examined for its composition, structure and magnetic properties by means of several complementary analytical techniques such as: powder X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, magnetization measurements, ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy and {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy with a high velocity resolution. The applied techniques consistently indicated the presence of daubréelite (FeCr{sub 2}S{sub 4}) as a minority phase beside troilite proper (FeS). As revealed by {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, the Fe atoms in troilite were in different microenvironments associated with either the ideal FeS structure or that of a slightly iron deficient Fe{sub 1–x}S. Phase transitions of troilite were detected above room temperature by ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy. A novel analysis of 295 and 90 K {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectra was carried out and the hyperfine parameters associated with the ideal structure of troilite were determined by considering the orientation of the hyperfine magnetic field in the eigensystem of the electric field gradient at the {sup 57}Fe nucleus. - Highlights: • The presence of daubréelite in iron sulfide inclusion in Sikhote-Alin iron meteorite. • The presence of the ideal FeS and iron deficient Fe{sub 1–x}S in iron sulfide inclusion. • New way of the iron sulfide Mössbauer spectrum approximation.

  1. Hydrothermal synthesis of mixed zinc-cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: structural and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coppola, P.; da Silva, F. G.; Gomide, G.; Paula, F. L. O.; Campos, A. F. C.; Perzynski, R.; Kern, C.; Depeyrot, J.; Aquino, R.

    2016-05-01

    We synthesize Zn-substituted cobalt ferrite (Zn x Co1- x Fe2O4, with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1) magnetic nanoparticles by a hydrothermal co-precipitation method in alkaline medium. The chemical composition is evaluated by atomic absorption spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy techniques. The structure and morphology of the nanopaticles are investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. XRD Rietveld refinements reveal the cation distribution among the tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites. It shows that up to x 0.5 zinc ions occupy preferably A-sites, above which Zn ions begin also a gradual occupancy of B-sites. TEM images show nanoparticles with different shapes varying from spheres, cubes, to octahedrons. Hysteresis loop properties are studied at 300 and 5 K. These properties are strongly influenced by the Zn and Co proportion in the nanoparticle composition. At 300 K, only samples with high Co content present hysteresis. At 5 K, the reduced remanent magnetization ratio ( M R/ M S) and the coercivity ( H C) suggest that nanoparticles with x < 0.5 have cubic anisotropy. A kink on the hysteresis loop, close to the remanence, is observed at low temperature. This feature is presumably associated to interplay between hard and soft anisotropy regimes in the powder samples.

  2. Magnetic Properties and Structure of Non-Oriented Electrical Steel Sheets after Different Shape Processing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bulín, Tomáš; Švábenská, Eva; Hapla, Miroslav; Ondrůšek, Č.; Schneeweiss, Oldřich

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 131, č. 4 (2017), s. 819-821 ISSN 0587-4246. [CSMAG 2016 - Czech and Slovak Conference on Magnetism /16./. Košice, 13.06.2016-17.06.2016] R&D Projects: GA TA ČR(CZ) TE02000232 Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : Magnetic properties * Silicon steel * Steel sheet Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.469, year: 2016

  3. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Au-based monolayer derivatives in honeycomb structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kapoor, Pooja, E-mail: pupooja16@gmail.com; Sharma, Munish; Ahluwalia, P. K. [Physics Department, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India 171005 (India); Kumar, Ashok [Centre for Physical Sciences, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India, 151001 (India)

    2016-05-23

    We present electronic properties of atomic layer of Au, Au{sub 2}-N, Au{sub 2}-O and Au{sub 2}-F in graphene-like structure within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). The lattice constant of derived monolayers are found to be higher than the pristine Au monolayer. Au monolayer is metallic in nature with quantum ballistic conductance calculated as 4G{sub 0}. Similarly, Au{sub 2}-N and Au{sub 2}-F monolayers show 4G{sub 0} and 2G{sub 0} quantum conductance respectively while semiconducting nature with calculated band gap of 0.28 eV has been observed for Au{sub 2}-O monolayer. Most interestingly, half metalicity has been predicted for Au{sub 2}-N and Au{sub 2}-F monolayers. Our findings may have importance for the application of these monolayers in nanoelectronic and spintronics.

  4. The structural, electrical and magnetic properties of La1-xCaxMnO3 Manganite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. B. Rostamnejadi

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available   Manganites are considered as subbranches of condensed matter physics with a great wealth of physical mechanisms. In this investigation we have studied the structural, electrical and magnetic properties of a series of La1-xCaxMnO3   manganite with x=0.1, 0.2, …,0.5. We observed that the crystal structure of this manganite, with small dopping, at room temperature is orthorhombic and by increasing the amount of dopping, its structure changes towards tetragonal. Also, by increasing calcium dopping a metallic phase induction occurs at low temperature and also a metal-insulator transition occurs at the samples Curie temperature. By increasing the amount of dopping to 0.5 the metalic-insulator transition temperature and the Curie temperature of the samples both increase first and then decrease. We suggest a theoretical model with which we can interpret qualitatively many properties of manganites, such as their metal-insulator phase transition and their colossal magnetoresistance.

  5. Novel structural and magnetic properties of Mg doped copper nanoferrites prepared by conventional and wet methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, M. A.; Afify, H. H.; El Zawawia, I. K.; Azab, A. A.

    2012-07-01

    Nanoferrites of the general formula Cu1-xMgxFe2O4 with 0≤x≤0.6 were prepared by standard ceramic and wet methods. The structure was studied by X-ray diffraction and IR spectroscopy. The density and lattice constant were calculated and reported. The particle size of the prepared nanoferrites ranged from 8.7 to 41.1 nm. It was found that the lattice parameter decreases with increasing cation substitution of Mg2+ due to the difference of ionic radius and atomic mass. The dc magnetic susceptibility was measured out using Faraday's method. The magnetic hysteresis measurement was performed using a vibrating sample magnetometer. Magnetic constants such as Curie temperature, effective magnetic moment, saturation magnetization, remanent magnetization and corecivicty were obtained and reported. The magnetic constants decrease with increasing Mg2+, except the remanent magnetization which increased.

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of [001] CoCr2O4 thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guzman, Roger; Heuver, Jeroen; Matzen, Sylvia; Magen, Cesar; Noheda, Beatriz

    2017-01-01

    The spinel CoCr2O4 (CCO) is one of the few bulk multiferroics with net magnetic moment. However, studies on the properties of CCO thin films are scarce. Here, we investigate the interplay between microstructure and magnetism of a series of CCO epitaxial thin films by means of x-ray diffraction,

  7. structural and magnetic properties of Fe(20Å /Ag(xÅ/Fe(20Å hetro-multilayers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Ghahramaninezhad

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We have deposited Fe/Ag/Fe multilayer by physical vapor deposition (PVDmethod in different Ag thickness as spacer working in a vacuum of 2×10-6mbar. The structural properties , magnetic response of the samples at low temperatures and room temperature was investigated by XRD, physical properties measurement system (PPMS and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM respectively. Hysteresis loops show that the easy axis of magnetization is in plane of the film . Also the magnetization and Hc of samples decrease with increasing temperature.

  8. Magnetic properties and interaction mechanisms of iron-based core-shell structures prepared by sputtering at low substrate temperatures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez-Villacorta, F; Prieto, C [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Cantoblanco, 28049-Madrid (Spain)

    2008-02-27

    The magnetic properties of partially oxidized nanocrystalline iron thin films prepared by DC-magnetron sputtering at low substrate temperatures in the 175-300 K range are studied. The preparation method is presented as a simple method for fabricating granular structures. Films prepared at intermediate temperatures exhibit granular magnetic behaviour, in which nanocrystalline grains act as almost decoupled particles, surrounded by an oxide shell, forming exchange bias core-shell systems. The magnetic features of granular systems obtained by this new method are described and the mechanisms of interaction between metallic grains and their oxide shells are explained, as are their effects in the magnetization reversal process.

  9. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of a two-fold interpenetrated diamondoid open framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Jing-Yun, E-mail: jyunwu@ncnu.edu.tw [Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chi Nan University, Nantou 545, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Fu-Yin [Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chi Nan University, Nantou 545, Taiwan (China); Chiang, Ming-Hsi, E-mail: mhchiang@chem.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China)

    2016-10-15

    Self-assembly of an enlarged angular pyridinecarboxylate ligand and cobalt(II) acetate under mild conditions afforded a three-dimensional open-framework coordination polymer, [Co{sub 2}(μ-H{sub 2}O)(pyca-43){sub 4}]{sub n} (1, Hpyca-43=(E)−3-((pyridin-4-yl)methyleneamino)benzoic acid). The molecular structure of 1 has rationalized to be a porous two-fold interpenetrated diamondoid-like network, with dinuclear Co{sub 2}(μ-H{sub 2}O)(O{sub 2}C){sub 4}N{sub 4} clusters as tetrahedral secondary building units (SBUs), possessing highly solvent accessible volume of approximately 53.0%. Least-squares fit of the magnetic susceptibility data (20–300 K) of 1 yields Curie constant C=6.15 cm{sup 3} mol{sup –1} K and Weiss constant θ=–11.6 K. Every Co{sub 2} subunit within the network is magnetically insulated to other dimers. The magnetic exchange parameter between Co(II) centers is estimated to −0.72 cm{sup –1}, suggesting a weak antiferromagnetic interaction. The g{sub av} value of 4.65 from fitting to the Lines model indicates that the decrease of the χ{sub M}T value upon cooling is dominated by depopulation of the excited Kramer's states to the effective ground singlet. In addition, the thermal stability and adsorption properties of 1 are also reported. - Graphical abstract: This work has synthesized and structurally characterized a porous two-fold interpenetrated diamondoid-like network, which possesses highly solvent accessible volume of approximately 53.0% and shows a weak antiferromagnetic interaction between the Co(II) centers.

  10. Investigation of structural, optical, magnetic and electrical properties of tungsten doped Nisbnd Zn nano-ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathania, Abhilash; Bhardwaj, Sanjay; Thakur, Shyam Singh; Mattei, Jean-Luc; Queffelec, Patrick; Panina, Larissa V.; Thakur, Preeti; Thakur, Atul

    2018-02-01

    Tungsten substituted nickel-zinc ferrite nanoparticles with chemical composition of Ni0.5Zn0.5WxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 & 1.0) were successfully synthesized by a chemical co-precipitation method. The prepared ferrites were pre sintered at 850 °C and then annealed at 1000 °C in a muffle furnace for 3 h each. This sintered powder was inspected by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) to study the structural, optical, and magnetic properties. XRD measurement revealed the phase purity of all the nanoferrite samples with cubic spinel structure. The estimated crystallite size by X-ray line broadening is found in the range of 49-62 nm. FTIR spectra of all the samples have observed two prominent absorption bands in the range 400-700 cm-1 arising due to tetrahedral and octahedral stretching vibrations. Vibrating sample magnetometer experiments showed that the saturation magnetizations (MS) decreased with an increase in non-magnetic tungsten ion doping. The electrical resistivity of tungsten doped Nisbnd Zn nano ferrites were examined extensively as a function of temperature. With an increase in tungsten composition, resistivity was found to decrease from 2.2 × 105 Ω cm to 1.9 × 105 Ω cm which indicates the semiconducting behavior of the ferrite samples. The activation energy also decreased from 0.0264 to 0.0221 eV at x = 0.0 to x = 1.0. These low coercive field tungsten doped Nisbnd Zn ferrites are suitable for hyperthermia and sensor applications. These observations are explained in detail on the basis of various models and theories.

  11. Electronic structure, magnetic and superconducting properties of co-doped iron-arsenide superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosner, Helge; Schnelle, Walter; Nicklas, Michael; Leithe-Jasper, Andreas [MPI CPfS Dresden (Germany); Weikert, Franziska [Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico (United States); HLD Dresden Rossendorf (Germany); Wosnitza, Joachim [HLD Dresden Rossendorf (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    We present a joint experimental and theoretical study of co-doped iron-arsenide superconductors of the 122 family A{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2-y}T{sub y}As{sub 2} (A = Ba,Sr,Eu; T = Co,Ru,Rh). In these systems, the co-doping enables the separation of different parameters - like electron count, disorder or the specific geometry of the FeAs layer - with respect to the position of the respective compounds in the general 122 phase diagram. For a series of compounds, we investigate the relevance of the different parameters for the magnetic, thermodynamic and superconducting properties. Our experimental investigations are supported by density functional electronic structure calculations applying different approximations for doping and disorder.

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of antiferromagnetic Heusler Ru2MnGe Epitaxial thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukatani, Naoto; Fujita, Hirohito; Miyawaki, Tetsuya; Ueda, Kenji; Asano, Hidefumi

    2013-08-01

    Structural and magnetic properties were investigated for Heusler-type alloy Ru2MnGe thin films. Ru2MnGe films on MgO substrate were subjected to an in-plane compressive strain, and exhibited enhanced antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition temperature ( T N ) up to 353 K, which exceeds by 37 K from the cubic bulk material ( T N = 316 K). We also observed the exchange coupling between Ru2MnGe and Heusler-type ferromagnetic (FM) half-metal Fe2CrSi thin films. The present AFM Heusler alloy with relatively high T N is useful to fabricate high-quality all Heusler-type half-metal AFM/FM junctions and is a promising material for the emerging field of AFM spintronics.

  13. Fe3C/Fe nanoparticles with urea: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaobai; Zhang, Daguang; Ren, Xiaozhen; Gao, Jiajia; Han, Yu; Chen, Xiaodong; Shi, Zhan; Yang, Hua

    2016-12-01

    Fe3C/Fe nanocomposites were synthesized by a sol-gel method. Using urea as carbon source and reduce agent in the reaction process. The CTAB works as the surfactant and the bromine contained in CTAB plays a catalytic role. Appropriate choices of the amount of urea and CTAB, reaction temperature and time are very important to obtain high-quality of products. Above 650 °C, the precursor gel turned into the nanocomposites composed of iron carbide and iron. Their structures and magnetic properties are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The possible formation mechanism of as-prepared nanostructures is discussed.

  14. Structural and magnetic properties of Gd{sup 3+} ion substituted magnesium ferrite nanopowders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elkady, Ashraf S. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (Saudi Arabia); Department of Reactor Physics, NRC, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo (Egypt); Hussein, Shaban I. [Department of Reactor Physics, NRC, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo (Egypt); Rashad, Mohamed M., E-mail: rashad133@yahoo.com [Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute, Helwan, Cairo 11421 (Egypt)

    2015-07-01

    Nanocrystalline MgGd{sub x}Fe{sub 2−x}O{sub 4} powders (where x=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3) have been synthesized by the ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)-based sol–gel combustion method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were applied in order to study the effect of variation of Gd{sup 3+} ion substitution and its impact on crystal structure, crystallite size, lattice parameters, nanostructure and magnetic properties of the formed powders. XRD indicated that, after doping and calcination at 400 °C for 2 h, all samples have two spinel ferrite structures namely cubic and tetragonal phases, which are dependent on Gd{sup 3+} ion concentration. The cubic phase is found to increase with increasing the Gd{sup 3+} ion molar ratio up to 0.1, compared to pure MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and higher Gd{sup 3+} content samples. Indeed, with increasing Gd{sup 3+} ion, the crystallite size was almost unchanged whereas the lattice parameter was found to increase. FT-IR spectrum showed broadening of the ν{sub 2} band and the presence of another band in the range (465–470 cm{sup −1}) upon adding Gd{sup 3+} ion, which confirm the presence of Gd{sup 3+} ion in addition to Fe{sup 3+} ion at octahedral site. Besides, these bands were assigned to the formation of (Gd{sup 3+}–O{sup 2−}) complexes at B-sites. HRTEM images showed that the studied samples consist of nanocrystallites having average particle sizes around 9 nm for pure MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} up to 27 and 42 nm for the Gd{sup 3+} ion substituted MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} of molar ratio 0.05 and 0.30, respectively. An examination of the magnetic properties revealed an increase in saturation magnetization with increasing Gd concentration incorporation up to x=0.1, as a result of the change of cubic and tetragonal spinel ratio and lattice parameters. Meanwhile, the formed powders exhibited

  15. Structural, optical, and magnetic properties of Mn-doped ZnO samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, S. A.

    This study investigated the microstructure, optical, and magnetic properties of Zn1-xMnxO powder samples with x = 0.02-0.08 synthesized by a solid-state reaction route. X-ray diffraction revealed that the cell parameters, a and c, increased with the increase in Mn content, which indicated that Mn ions substitute into the lattice of ZnO. UV-vis measurements revealed that the band gap decreased due to the incorporation of Mn. Photoluminescence studies confirmed the formation of oxygen vacancies (VO) in all samples. Magnetic measurements revealed that all samples exhibited room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM), and the average magnetic moment per Mn atom decreased as the Mn content, and annealing temperature (TA) increased. However, our results indicate that the ferromagnetic property is an intrinsic property of the ZnO:Mn samples due to VO and/or defects, and it does not originate from any secondary magnetic phase.

  16. Study of electronic structure and magnetic properties of epitaxial Co{sub 2}FeAl Heusler Alloy Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soni, S. [Department of Pure & Applied Physics, University of Kota, Kota 324007 (India); Dalela, S., E-mail: sdphysics@rediffmail.com [Department of Pure & Applied Physics, University of Kota, Kota 324007 (India); Sharma, S.S. [Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engineering College, Ajmer (India); Liu, E.K.; Wang, W.H.; Wu, G.H. [State Key Laboratory for Magnetism, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Kumar, M. [Department of Physics, Malviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur-302017 (India); Garg, K.B. [Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur-302004 (India)

    2016-07-25

    This work reports the magnetic and electronic characterization of plane magnetized buried Heusler Co{sub 2}FeAl nano thin films of different thickness by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements. . The spectra on both Fe- and Co L{sub 2,3} edges show a pronounced magnetic dichroic signal in remanence, corresponding to a ferromagnetically-aligned moments on Fe and Co atoms conditioning the peculiar characteristics of the Co{sub 2}FeAl Heusler compound (a half-metallic ferromagnet). The detailed knowledge of the related magnetic and electronic properties of these samples over a wide range of thickness of films are indispensable for achieving a higher tunnel magnetoresistance ratio, and thus for spintronics device applications. - Highlights: • Electronic structure and Magnetic Properties of Epitaxial Co{sub 2}FeAl Heusler Films. • X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). • Fe- and Co L{sub 2,3} edges show a pronounced magnetic dichroic signal in remanence. • Calculated Orbital, Spin and total magnetic moments of Fe and Co for 30 nm Co{sub 2}FeAl thin film. • The total magnetic moment of Fe at L{sub 2,3} edges increases with the thickness of the Co2FeAl films.

  17. Structure and phase formation behavior and dielectric and magnetic properties of lead iron tantalate-lead zirconate titanate multiferroic ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wongmaneerung, R., E-mail: re_nok@yahoo.com [Faculty of Science, Maejo University, Chiang Mai 50290 (Thailand); Tipakontitikul, R. [Department of Physics, Ubonratchathani University, Ubonratchathani 31490 (Thailand); Jantaratana, P. [Department of Physics, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand); Bootchanont, A.; Jutimoosik, J.; Yimnirun, R. [School of Physics, Institute of Science, and NANOTEC-SUT Center of Excellence on Advanced Functional Nanomaterials, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Ananta, S. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand)

    2016-03-15

    Highlights: • The multiferroic ceramics consisted of PFT and PZT. • Crystal structure changed from cubic to mixedcubic and tetragonal with increasing PZT content. • Dielectric showed the samples underwent a typical relaxor ferroelectric behavior. • Magnetic properties showed very interesting behavior with square saturated magnetic hysteresis loops. - Abstract: Multiferroic (1 − x)Pb(Fe{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5})O{sub 3}–xPb(Zr{sub 0.53}Ti{sub 0.47})O{sub 3} (or PFT–PZT) ceramics were synthesized by solid-state reaction method. The crystal structure and phase formation of the ceramics were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The local structure surrounding Fe and Ti absorbing atoms was investigated by synchrotron X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES) measurement. Dielectric properties were studied as a function of frequency and temperature using a LCR meter. A vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) was used to determine the magnetic hysteresis loops. XRD study indicated that the crystal structure of the sample changed from pure cubic to mixed cubic and tetragonal with increasing PZT content. XANES measurements showed that the local structure surrounding Fe and Ti ions was similar. Dielectric study showed that the samples underwent a typical relaxor ferroelectric behavior while the magnetic properties showed very interesting behavior with square saturated magnetic hysteresis loops.

  18. Structural, chemical and magnetic properties of secondary phases in Co-doped ZnO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ney, A; Kovács, András; Ney, V

    2011-01-01

    , chemical and magnetic properties of Co-doped ZnO samples. It can be established on a quantitative basis that the superparamagnetic (SPM) behavior observed by integral superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry is not an intrinsic property of the material but stems from precipitations...

  19. Structural stability and magnetic properties of CumConNO (m + n = 2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-09-27

    Sep 27, 2017 ... P-Y Huo et al configuration, stability, adsorption properties and magnetic properties of the NO molecules adsorbed on CumCon (2 ≤ m+n ≤ 7) clusters are studied, which may provide a research foundation for application of mechanism of NO adsorption on. Cu–Co alloy clusters. 2. Computational method.

  20. The structural and magnetic properties of Fe/native-oxide systems resolved by x-ray scattering and spectroscopy methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Couet, Sebastien

    2008-12-15

    . Surprisingly, it is observed that the magnetism in the oxide is stabilized only once the layer is covered by several nanometer of Fe. These findings lead to a comprehensive picture of the structure and magnetic properties of the buried oxide, paving the way for tailored magnetic properties in Fe/native-oxide systems. The results presented in this work lay the foundation for further studies of this relatively unexplored class of systems. (orig.)

  1. Structural analysis and magnetic properties of biphasic chromium-substituted copper ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiba, Zein K.; Wahba, Adel Maher; Mohamed, Mohamed Bakr

    2017-11-01

    Nano CuFe2-xCrxO4 ferrite has been prepared by citrate autocombustion method. The impact of heat treatment and Cr contents on the structural phases and parameters were studied by tracing X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. As-prepared samples were found to contain a major cubic CuFe2O4 phase associated with minorities of CuO and tetragonal CuFe2O4 phases. Upon annealing at 600 °C, the content of tetragonal phase increased while CuO phase disappeared. On the other hand, replacing Fe by Cr in the CuFe2-xCrxO4 system reduces the formation of the tetragonal phase. Carrying out Rietveld analysis, the phase percentage and lattice parameters of both phases as well as the crystallite size were correlated with Cr content. Moreover, the change of the inversion occupancy parameter and the degree of tetragonality were studied in detail. Finally, magnetic properties including saturation magnetization and coercive field of the annealed samples, and their dependence on the degree of tetragonality and crystallite size, were elaborated using vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM).

  2. Structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of polyaniline/MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitra, Palanisamy; Muthusamy, Athianna; Jayaprakash, Rajan

    2015-12-01

    Ferromagnetic PANI containing MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites were synthesized by in-situ chemical polymerization of aniline incorporated MnCoFe2O4 nanoparticles (20%, 10% w/w of fine powders) with and without ultrasonic treatment. The MnCoFe2O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by auto combustion method. The PANI/MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites were characterized with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The average particle size of the resulting PANI/MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites was confirmed from the TEM and XRD analysis. The structure and morphology of the composites were confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy, XRD and SEM. In addition, the electrical and magnetic properties of the nanocomposites were investigated. The PANI/MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites under applied magnetic field exhibited the hysteresis loops of ferromagnetic nature at room temperature. The variation of Dielectric constant, Dielectric loss, and AC conductivity of PANI/MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites at room temperature as a function of frequency in the range 50 Hz-5 MHz has been studied. Effect of ultrasonication on the PANI/MnCoFe2O4 nanocomposites was also investigated.

  3. Structural, optical and weak magnetic properties of Co and Mn codoped TiO2 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Anand; Kashyap, Manish K.; Sabharwal, Namita; Kumar, Sarvesh; Kumar, Ashok; Kumar, Parmod; Asokan, K.

    2017-11-01

    The present investigation focuses on the structural properties and magnetic response of Co, Mn and Co-Mn doped TiO2 nanoparticles (within 3% dilute doping) along with their optical and electrical studies. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns for all these samples show the formation of tetragonal TiO2 anatase phase with no extra impurity phases. Further, Raman bands at 143 cm-1, 396 cm-1, 516 cm-1 and 639 cm-1 also confirm the anatase phase in these samples. Diamagnetic response has been observed in pure TiO2 nanoparticles. However, room temperature (RT) ferromagnetism has been observed with Co and/or Mn doping which gets enhanced further with codoping of Co ions. The observed ferromagnetism has been attributed to the formation of shallow levels with doping/codoping. The Co and/or Mn-doped TiO2 nanoparticles are referred as diluted magnetic semiconductors due to their combined semiconducting and ferromagnetic response. UV-Vis spectra show the band gap of these samples are in the range of 3.03 eV-3.24 eV and a reduction in band gap is observed after codoping. The temperature dependent electrical conductivity measurements also show an enhancement in conductivity after codoping at RT.

  4. Solventless synthesis, morphology, structure and magnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Bratati; Kusz, Joachim; Reddy, V. Raghavendra; Zubko, Maciej; Bhattacharjee, Ashis

    2017-12-01

    In this study we report the solventless synthesis of iron oxide through thermal decomposition of acetyl ferrocene as well as its mixtures with maliec anhydride and characterization of the synthesized product by various comprehensive physical techniques. Morphology, size and structure of the reaction products were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray powder diffraction technique, respectively. Physical characterization techniques like FT-IR spectroscopy, dc magnetization study as well as 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy were employed to characterize the magnetic property of the product. The results observed from these studies unequivocally established that the synthesized materials are hematite. Thermal decomposition has been studied with the help of thermogravimetry. Reaction pathway for synthesis of hematite has been proposed. It is noted that maliec anhydride in the solid reaction environment as well as the gaseous reaction atmosphere strongly affect the reaction yield as well as the particle size. In general, a method of preparing hematite nanoparticles through solventless thermal decomposition technique using organometallic compounds and the possible use of reaction promoter have been discussed in detail.

  5. Defect induced modification of structural, topographical and magnetic properties of zinc ferrite thin films by swift heavy ion irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raghavan, Lisha [Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin 682022 (India); Inter University Accelerator Center, New Delhi 110067 (India); Joy, P.A. [National Chemical Laboratory, Pune (India); Vijaykumar, B. Varma; Ramanujan, R.V. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore); Anantharaman, M.R., E-mail: mraiyer@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin 682022 (India)

    2017-04-01

    Highlights: • Zinc ferrite films exhibited room temperature ferrimagnetic property. • On ion irradiation amorphisation of films were observed. • The surface morphology undergoes changes with ion irradiation. • The saturation magnetisation decreases on ion irradiation. - Abstract: Swift heavy ion irradiation provides unique ways to modify physical and chemical properties of materials. In ferrites, the magnetic properties can change significantly as a result of swift heavy ion irradiation. Zinc ferrite is an antiferromagnet with a Neel temperature of 10 K and exhibits anomalous magnetic properties in the nano regime. Ion irradiation can cause amorphisation of zinc ferrite thin films; thus the role of crystallinity on magnetic properties can be examined. The influence of surface topography in these thin films can also be studied. Zinc ferrite thin films, of thickness 320 nm, prepared by RF sputtering were irradiated with 100 MeV Ag ions. Structural characterization showed amorphisation and subsequent reduction in particle size. The change in magnetic properties due to irradiation was correlated with structural and topographical effects of ion irradiation. A rough estimation of ion track radius is done from the magnetic studies.

  6. Structural, Magnetic and Microwave Properties of Nanocrystalline Ni-Co-Gd Ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikzad, Alireza; Parvizi, Roghaieh; Rezaei, Ghasem; Vaseghi, Behrooz; Khordad, Reza

    2017-11-01

    A series of Co- and Gd-substituted NiFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles with the formula Ni1-x Co x Fe2-y Gd y O4 (where x = 0.0-1.0 and y = 0.0-0.1) have been successfully synthesized using a hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy results indicated that a highly crystallized spherical ferrite nanoparticle structure was obtained along with an increase in the lattice parameters. Compositional analysis of the prepared nanoferrite powders has been carried out using energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectra. The EDX analysis reveals the presence of Ni, Co, Gd and Fe elements in the specimens. Magnetization and the coercive field improved dramatically with an increase in the amount of cobalt and gadolinium added, attributed to the redistribution of cations in the spinel nanoferrite structure. Saturation magnetization and coercivity values up to 99 emu/g and 918 Oe, respectively, were measured using a vibration sample magnetometer at room temperature. Comparative microwave absorption experiments demonstrated that the reflection loss (RL) properties enhanced with increasing substitution of cations in the Ni-ferrite spinel structure for an absorber thickness of 1.8 mm. A maximum RL of - 26.7 dB was obtained for substituted Ni-Co-Gd nanoferrite with x = 1.0 and y = 0.1 at a frequency of 9.4 GHz with a bandwidth of 3.6 GHz (RL ≤ - 10 dB). Experimental results revealed that the synthesized nanoparticles possessed great potential in microwave absorption applications.

  7. Size-dependent structural, magnetic, and optical properties of MnCo2O4 nanocrystallites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, S.; Pramanik, P.; Sangaraju, S.; Mallick, A.; Giebeler, L.; Thota, S.

    2017-05-01

    Finite-size (d = 5.4-112 nm) and surface effects on the structural, optical, and magnetic properties of ferrimagnetic inverse-spinel MnCo2O4 are reported. For d ≥ 87 nm, partial tetragonal distortion of the inverse spinel-lattice was observed. The Curie temperature TC of MnCo2O4 nanostructures, as determined by dc-magnetic susceptibility (χ) measurements, follows a finite-size scaling relation TC(d) = TC(∞)[1-(ξ0/d)λ] with a shift exponent λ = 0.75 ± 0.15 and microscopic correlation length ξ0 = 1.4 ± 0.3 nm, which is consistent with the mean field theory. For T > TC, χ(T) fits Néel's expression for the two-sublattice model with antiferromagnetic molecular field (exchange) constants NBB ˜ 85.16 (JBB ˜ 2.94 × 10-22 J), NAB ˜ 110.96 (JAB ˜ 1.91 × 10-22 J), and NAA ˜ 43.8 (JAA ˜ 1.13 × 10-22 J) and asymptotic Curie temperature Ta ˜ 717.63 K. The optical energy bandgap Eg, evaluated from the Kubelka-Munk function ( [ F ( R ∞ ) ℏ ω ] 2 = C2( ℏ ω - Eg)) is blueshifted to 2.4 eV (d ˜ 5.4 nm) from 1.73 eV (d ˜ 112 nm) due to the quantum confinement and non-stoichiometry. The role of tetragonal distortion and grain-size-effects in the intensity of crystal field transitions and variation in the magnetic ordering are further discussed and compared with Co3O4 nanostructures.

  8. First principles study of the electronic structure and magnetic properties of YFeO3 oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoeffler, D.; Chaker, Z.

    2017-11-01

    The electronic structure and the magnetic properties of the multiferroic YFeO3 perovskite are investigated using two different first principles methods based on the Density Functional Theory with the so-called Hubbard correction. The results obtained with both the Projector Augmented Wave method implemented into the Vienna Ab inito Simulation Package and the Full-potential Linearized Augmented Plane Wave method implemented into FLEUR are compared to investigate the impact of the use of large Hubbard parameter UFe values allowing to get a reasonable bandgap. It is shown that both approaches lead to very similar results as long as the majority spin Fe d states remain hybridized with the O p states; this being the case up to UFe values around 4 eV. For larger UFe values, when the majority spin Fe d states are strongly localized and weakly hybridized with the O states, different crystal field splittings behaviors are obtained leading us to the conclusion that such large UFe values should be use with care. In addition, including the Spin-Orbit coupling contribution, the weakly canted antiferromagnetic structure is investigated and it is shown that the canting decreases when UFe is increased. Finally, the comparison with a method, taking the self-energy of the electrons (the GW approximation) into account, shows that even using small UFe values results in large distortion of the occupied part of the band structure for this particular system.

  9. Structural, optical and magnetic properties of pulsed laser deposited Co-doped ZnO films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karzazi, O., E-mail: ouiame_karzazi@hotmail.fr [Centre of Physics, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal); LPS, Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, BP 1796, Fes (Morocco); Sekhar, K.C. [Centre of Physics, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal); El Amiri, A. [LPTA, Université Hassan II-Casablanca, Faculté des Sciences, B.P. 5366, Maârif (Morocco); Hlil, E.K. [Institut Néel, CNRS, Université J. Fourier, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Conde, O. [Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa and CeFEMA, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa (Portugal); Levichev, S. [Research Institute for Chemistry, Nizhni Novgorod State University, 603950 Nizhni Novgorod (Russian Federation); Agostinho Moreira, J. [IFIMUP and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007, Porto (Portugal); Chahboun, A. [Centre of Physics, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal); FST Tanger, Physics Department, BP 416, Tangier (Morocco); Almeida, A. [IFIMUP and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007, Porto (Portugal); Gomes, M.J.M. [Centre of Physics, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal)

    2015-12-01

    Zn{sub 1−x}Co{sub x}O films with different Co concentrations (with x=0.00, 0.10, 0.15, and 0.30) were grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. The structural and optical properties of the films were investigated by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL). The magnetic properties were measured by conventional magnetometry using a SQUID and simulated by ab-initio calculations using Korring–Khon–Rostoker (KKR) method combined with coherent potential approximation (CPA). The effect of Co-doping on the GIXRD and Raman peaks positions, shape and intensity is discussed. PL studies demonstrate that Co-doping induces a decrease of the bandgap energy and quenching of the UV emission. They also suggest the presence of Zn interstitials when x≥0.15. The 10% Co-doped ZnO film shows ferromagnetism at 390 K with a spontaneous magnetic moment ≈4×10{sup −5} emu and coercive field ≈0.17 kOe. The origin of ferromagnetism is explained based on the calculations using KKR method. - Highlights: • Zn{sub 1−x}Co{sub x}O films (x=0.00, 0.10, 0.15, and 0.30) were grown by (PLD) technique. • Zn{sub 0.9}Co{sub 0.1}O film shows ferromagnetism above room temperature. • The origin of ferromagnetism behavior is attributed to the p-d hybridization. • Co-doping induces a decrease of the bandgap energy of the films.

  10. Hydrothermal synthesis of mixed zinc–cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: structural and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coppola, P. [Univ. de Brasília, Complex Fluids Group, Instituto de Química (Brazil); Silva, F. G. da [Univ. de Brasília, Laboratório de Nanociência Ambiental e Aplicada - LNAA, Faculdade UnB Planaltina (Brazil); Gomide, G.; Paula, F. L. O. [Univ. de Brasília, Complex Fluids Group, Instituto de Física (Brazil); Campos, A. F. C. [Univ. de Brasília, Laboratório de Nanociência Ambiental e Aplicada - LNAA, Faculdade UnB Planaltina (Brazil); Perzynski, R. [Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, Laboratoire PHENIX (France); Kern, C. [Univ. de Brasília, Complex Fluids Group, Instituto de Química (Brazil); Depeyrot, J. [Univ. de Brasília, Complex Fluids Group, Instituto de Física (Brazil); Aquino, R., E-mail: reaquino@unb.br [Univ. de Brasília, Laboratório de Nanociência Ambiental e Aplicada - LNAA, Faculdade UnB Planaltina (Brazil)

    2016-05-15

    We synthesize Zn-substituted cobalt ferrite (Zn{sub x}Co{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1) magnetic nanoparticles by a hydrothermal co-precipitation method in alkaline medium. The chemical composition is evaluated by atomic absorption spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy techniques. The structure and morphology of the nanopaticles are investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. XRD Rietveld refinements reveal the cation distribution among the tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites. It shows that up to x ~0.5 zinc ions occupy preferably A-sites, above which Zn ions begin also a gradual occupancy of B-sites. TEM images show nanoparticles with different shapes varying from spheres, cubes, to octahedrons. Hysteresis loop properties are studied at 300 and 5 K. These properties are strongly influenced by the Zn and Co proportion in the nanoparticle composition. At 300 K, only samples with high Co content present hysteresis. At 5 K, the reduced remanent magnetization ratio (M{sub R}/M{sub S}) and the coercivity (H{sub C}) suggest that nanoparticles with x < 0.5 have cubic anisotropy. A kink on the hysteresis loop, close to the remanence, is observed at low temperature. This feature is presumably associated to interplay between hard and soft anisotropy regimes in the powder samples.Graphical Abstract.

  11. Synthesis and structural, magnetic, thermal, and transport properties of several transition metal oxides and aresnides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, Supriyo [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Oxide compounds containing the transition metal vanadium (V) have attracted a lot of attention in the field of condensed matter physics owing to their exhibition of interesting properties including metal-insulator transitons, structural transitions, ferromagnetic and an- tiferromagnetic orderings, and heavy fermion behavior. Binary vanadium oxides VnO2n-1 where 2 ≤ n ≤ 9 have triclinic structures and exhibit metal-insulator and antiferromagnetic transitions.[1–6] The only exception is V7O13 which remains metallic down to 4 K.[7] The ternary vanadium oxide LiV2O4 has the normal spinel structure, is metallic, does not un- dergo magnetic ordering and exhibits heavy fermion behavior below 10 K.[8] CaV2O4 has an orthorhombic structure[9, 10] with the vanadium spins forming zigzag chains and has been suggested to be a model system to study the gapless chiral phase.[11, 12] These provide great motivation for further investigation of some known vanadium compounds as well as to ex- plore new vanadium compounds in search of new physics. This thesis consists, in part, of experimental studies involving sample preparation and magnetic, transport, thermal, and x- ray measurements on some strongly correlated eletron systems containing the transition metal vanadium. The compounds studied are LiV2O4, YV4O8, and YbV4O8. The recent discovery of superconductivity in RFeAsO1-xFx (R = La, Ce, Pr, Gd, Tb, Dy, Sm, and Nd), and AFe2As2 (A = Ba, Sr, Ca, and Eu) doped with K, Na, or Cs at the A site with relatively high Tc has sparked tremendous activities in the condensed matter physics community and a renewed interest in the area of superconductivity as occurred following the discovery of the layered cuprate high Tc superconductors in 1986. To discover more supercon- ductors

  12. First-principle investigation of structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Co2VIn and CoVIn Heusler compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zipporah, Muthui; Rohit, Pathak; Robinson, Musembi; Julius, Mwabora; Ralph, Skomski; Arti, Kashyap

    2017-05-01

    Investigation of the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of full-Heusler Co2VIn as well as half-Heusler CoVIn Cobalt based Heusler compounds using density functional theory (DFT) leads to the general conclusion that Co2VIn and CoVIn are half-metallic materials with a gap at the Fermi level in the minority states and majority states respectively. A Hubbard-like Coulomb correlation term U has been included in the DFT (DFT+U) for the computation of the electronic and magnetic properties of the compounds. The structural properties have been calculated for the paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phases, and both Co2VIn and CoVIn are found to be stable in the ferromagnetic phase. The calculated magnetic moments are 2 μB and 0.9 μB per formula unit for Co2VIn and CoVIn respectively.

  13. Structural, optical, and magnetic properties of Mn-doped ZnO samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Ahmed

    Full Text Available This study investigated the microstructure, optical, and magnetic properties of Zn1−xMnxO powder samples with x = 0.02–0.08 synthesized by a solid-state reaction route. X-ray diffraction revealed that the cell parameters, a and c, increased with the increase in Mn content, which indicated that Mn ions substitute into the lattice of ZnO. UV–vis measurements revealed that the band gap decreased due to the incorporation of Mn. Photoluminescence studies confirmed the formation of oxygen vacancies (VO in all samples. Magnetic measurements revealed that all samples exhibited room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM, and the average magnetic moment per Mn atom decreased as the Mn content, and annealing temperature (TA increased. However, our results indicate that the ferromagnetic property is an intrinsic property of the ZnO:Mn samples due to VO and/or defects, and it does not originate from any secondary magnetic phase. Keywords: Mn-doped ZnO, Optical properties, Magnetic properties

  14. Cobalt double-ring and double-dot structures: Magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    López-Urías, F., E-mail: flo@ipicyt.edu.mx [Advanced Materials Department, IPICYT, Camino a la presa San José 2055, Col. Lomas 4a sección, 78216, San Luis Potosí S.L.P., México (Mexico); Torres-Heredia, J.J. [Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Las Choapas, Col. J. M. Rosa do, 96980, Las Choapas, Veracruz (Mexico); Muñoz-Sandoval, E. [Advanced Materials Department, IPICYT, Camino a la presa San José 2055, Col. Lomas 4a sección, 78216, San Luis Potosí S.L.P., México (Mexico)

    2016-02-15

    The magnetization reversal mechanism of nanostructures of cobalt double-rings (D-rings) and double-dots (D-dots) is investigated in the framework of micromagnetic simulations. The arrays contain two identical coupled rings (wide and narrow) or dots with outer diameter of 200 nm and thicknesses ranging from 2–20 nm. Hysteresis loops, dipole–dipole and exchange energies are systematically calculated for the cases of the structures touching and the structures with a 50-nm inter-magnet separation; moreover, magnetization states along the hysteresis curve are analyzed. The results of both dot and ring D-magnets are compared with the corresponding individual magnets. Our results reveal that all D-ring (in contact and separated) arrays containing narrow rings exhibit non-null remanent magnetization; furthermore, higher coercive fields are promoted when the magnet thickness is increased. It is observed that the magnetization reversal is driven mainly by a clockwise rotation of onion-states, followed by states of frustrated vortices. Our results could help improve the understanding of the magnetic interactions in nanomagnet arrays.

  15. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of FeWO{sub 4} nanocrystals synthesized by the microwave-hydrothermal method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Almeida, M.A.P. [INCTMN-DQ-Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, P.O. Box 676, 13565-905, SP (Brazil); Cavalcante, L.S., E-mail: laeciosc@bol.com.br [INCTMN-Universidade Estadual, Paulista, P.O. Box 355, 14801-907, Araraquara, SP (Brazil); Morilla-Santos, C.; Filho, P.N. Lisboa [MAv-Universidade Estadual, Paulista, P.O. Box 473, 17033-360, Bauru, SP (Brazil); Beltran, A.; Andres, J.; Gracia, L. [Department de Quimica Fisica i Analitica, Universitat Jaume I, E-12071 Castello (Spain); Longo, E. [INCTMN-DQ-Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, P.O. Box 676, 13565-905, SP (Brazil); INCTMN-Universidade Estadual, Paulista, P.O. Box 355, 14801-907, Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    This communication reports that FeWO{sub 4} nanocrystals were successfully synthesized by the microwave-hydrothermal method at 443 K for 1 h. The structure and shape of these nanocrystals were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Rietveld refinement, and transmission electron microscopy. The experimental results and first principles calculations were combined to explain the electronic structure and magnetic properties. Experimental data were obtained by magnetization measurements for different applied magnetic fields. Theoretical calculations revealed that magnetic properties of FeWO{sub 4} nanocrystals can be assigned to two magnetic orderings with parallel or antiparallel spins in adjacent chains. These factors are crucial to understanding of competition between ferro- and antiferromagnetic behavior. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Monophasic FeWO{sub 4} nanocrystals were synthesized by the microwave-hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Rietveld refinement and clusters model for monoclinic structure Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic properties of FeWO{sub 4} nanocrystals at different temperatures.

  16. Investigation of Structural, Morphological, Magnetic Properties and Biomedical applications of Cu2+ Substituted Uncoated Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Margabandhu

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In the present work, Cu2+ substituted cobalt ferrite (Co1-xCuxFe2O4, x = 0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 and 1 magnetic nanopowders were synthesized via chemical co-precipitation method. The prepared powders were investigated by various characterization methods such as X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD, scanning electron microscope analysis (SEM, vibrating sample magnetometer analysis (VSM and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis (FTIR. The XRD analysis reveals that the synthesized nanopowders possess single phase centred cubic spinel structure. The average crystallite size of the particles ranging from 27-49 nm was calculated by using Debye-scherrer formula. Magnetic properties of the synthesized magnetic nanoparticles are studied by using VSM. The VSM results shows the magnetic properties such as coercivity, magnetic retentivity decreases with increase in copper substitution whereas the saturation magnetization shows increment and decrement in accordance with Cu2+ substitution in cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. SEM analysis reveals the morphology of synthesized magnetic nanoparticles. FTIR spectra of Cu2+ substituted cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles were recorded in the frequency range 4000-400cm-1. The spectrum shows the presence of water adsorption and metal oxygen bonds. The adhesion nature of Cu2+ substituted cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles with bacteria in reviewed results indicates that the synthesized nanoparticles could be used in biotechnology and biomedical applications.

  17. A novel rhombohedron-like nickel ferrite nanostructure: Microwave combustion synthesis, structural characterization and magnetic properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Suresh Kumar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Research on nickel ferrite nanostructures has drawn a great interest because of its inherent chemical, physical and electronic properties. In this study, we have synthesized rhombohedron – like nickel ferrite nanostructure by a rapid microwave assisted combustion method using ethylenediamminetetraacetic acid as a chelating agent. X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, transmission electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray microanalyser were used to characterize the prepared sample. The magnetic behaviour was analysed by means of field dependent magnetization measurement which indicates that the prepared sample exhibits a soft ferromagnetic nature with saturation magnetization of 63.034 emu/g. This technique can be a potential method to synthesize novel nickel ferrite nanostructure with improved magnetic properties.

  18. A dinuclear dysprosium complex based on schiff base ligand: synthesis, structure and magnetic property

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Peng; Xiao, Fengping; Wu, Lihuan; Chen, Zhisheng

    2017-12-01

    A novel dinuclear dysprosium complex, namely [Dy2 (L) 4 (COO) 2 (CH3OH)2] (1) (L = 2-hydroxy-3-methodxybenzaldehyde-5-bromo oxime), was synthesized, structurally and magnetically characterized. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis reveals that complex 1 is neutral dinuclear complex, in which two Dy(III) ions with nine-coordinated environment are bridged by two phenoxide groups from two schiff base ligands and four O ions from two molecules of methanoic acid. The magnetic study of complex 1 indicates the slow relaxation of magnetization.

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of “thick” microwires produced by the modernized Ulitovsky–Tailor method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shalygina, E.E., E-mail: shal@magn.ru [Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Kharlamova, A.M.; Shalygin, A.N. [Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Molokanov, V.V.; Umnov, P.P.; Umnova, N.V.; Chueva, T.R. [Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2016-10-01

    In this article the results on the detailed investigation of the structural, elastic and magnetic properties of the “thick” Fe{sub 73,5}Si{sub 13,5}B{sub 9}Nb{sub 3}Cu{sub 1} and Fe{sub 31}Co{sub 34}Ni{sub 10}(SiB){sub 25} amorphous microwires with the glass shell, produced by the modernized Ulitovsky–Tailor method, are presented. The diameter of the metallic core of microwires was varied from 50 to 200 µm. It was found that the core has the stable geometric parameters along the microwire length and the smooth (almost without defects) surface. The studied samples are characterized by the weak dispersion of magnetic anisotropy of the near-surface layers and the high homogeneity of the near-surface local magnetic properties. Furthermore, the microwires exhibit the high plasticity and strength. They are not destroyed even after their full tightening into a knot. The strong influence of tensile stress and torsion on the magnetic properties of the microwires was discovered. The comparison of magneto-field behavior of the studied samples was performed. - Highlights: • Properties of “thick” amorphous magnetic microwires with the glass shell are presented. • Amorphous microwires are produced by the modernized Ulitovsky–Tailor method. • The diameter of the metallic core of microwires was varied from 50 to 200 µm. • The strong influence of tensile on the magnetic properties of the microwires was discovered.

  20. Biferroic LuCrO{sub 3}: Structural characterization, magnetic and dielectric properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durán, A., E-mail: dural@cnyn.unam.mx [Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada, Apartado Postal 14, C.P. 22800 Ensenada, BC (Mexico); Meza F, C.; Morán, E.; Alario-Franco, M.A. [Departamento de Química Inorgánica y Laboratorio Complutense de Altas Presiones, Facultad de Química, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, EU, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Ostos, C., E-mail: ceostoso@gmail.com [Instituto de Química, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín (Colombia)

    2014-02-14

    Multiferroic LuCrO{sub 3} perovskite-type structure (Pbnm) obtained via auto-ignition synthesis was characterized by a combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric (TG) techniques, and through magnetization and permittivity measurements. Results showed that amorphous combustion powders were fully transformed to orthorhombic LuCrO{sub 3} structure at 1200 K after the first LuCrO{sub 4} crystallization at 700 K. The magnetic response displays thermal irreversibility between zero-field-cooling and field-cooling condition which is due to spin canted AF switching at 116 K. Accordingly, a hysteresis loop in the M(H) data confirms weak ferromagnetism in LuCrO{sub 3}. On the other hand, the permittivity measurement shows a broad peak transition typical of relaxor-type ferroelectrics transition at ∼450 K. Electrical conductivity increases as temperature increases showing an anomaly around the diffuse phase transition. The diffuse phase transition and the formation of the charge carriers are discussed in terms of a local distortion around the Lu Site. - Highlights: • Multiferroic LuCrO{sub 3} was successfully obtained via auto-ignition synthesis. • Amorphous powder is transformed first to LuCrO{sub 4} (700 K) and next to LuCrO{sub 3} (1100 K). • The CrO{sub 6} octahedra are tilted away and rotates from the ideal octahedral shape. • LuCrO{sub 3} exhibits a canted AFM transition (116 K) and a relaxor ferroelectric behavior. • Tilting and rotation of CrO{sub 6} octahedra influenced transport properties on LuCrO{sub 3}.

  1. Structural and magnetic properties of the products of the transformation of ferrihydrite: Effect of cobalt dications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camacho, K.I. [Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional Unidad Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila C.P.25000, México (Mexico); Pariona, N. [Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados, Instituto de Ecología A.C., Carretera Antigua a Coatepec 351, El Haya, 91070 Xalapa, Veracruz (Mexico); Martinez, A.I., E-mail: arturo.martinez@cinvestav.edu.mx [Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional Unidad Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila C.P.25000, México (Mexico); Baggio-Saitovitch, E. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Río de Janeiro 22290-180 (Brazil); Herrera-Trejo, M. [Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional Unidad Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila C.P.25000, México (Mexico); Perry, Dale L. [Mailstop 70A1150, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2017-05-01

    The effect of cobalt dications on the transformation of 2-line ferrihydrite (2LF) has been studied. The products of the transformation reaction were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), magnetometry, and first-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams. It was found that the concentration of cobalt dications plays an important role on the structural and magnetic properties of the products; i.e., for low cobalt concentrations, cobalt-substituted hematite is formed, while higher concentrations promote the formation of cobalt-substituted magnetite. Structural results revealed that formation of other iron oxide polymorphs is avoided and residual 2LF is always present in the final products. In this way, hematite/2LF and magnetite/2LF nanocomposites were formed. For all the samples, magnetic measurements yielded non-saturated hysteresis loops at a maximum field of 12 kOe. For cobalt-substituted hematite/2LF samples, FORC diagrams revealed the presence of multiple single-domain (SD) components which generate interaction coupling between SD with low and high coercivity. Moreover, for cobalt-substituted magnetite/2LF samples, the FORC diagrams revealed the components of wasp-waist hysteresis loops which consist of mixtures of SD and superparamagnetic particles. One of the goals of the present study is the rigorous, experimental documentation of ferrihydrite/hematite mixtures as a function of reaction conditions for use as analytical standards research. - Highlights: • Co(II) may stabilize ferrihydrite against transformation to more crystalline oxides. • The transformation is strongly dependent on the Co(II)/Fe(III) atomic ratio. • Cobalt-substituted hematite and cobalt-substituted magnetite were the products. • FORC diagrams identified the interaction coupling between single-domains.

  2. Structural Analysis and Magnetic Properties of FeCo Alloys Obtained by Mechanical Alloying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Sánchez-De Jesús

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A systematic study on the structural and magnetic properties of Fe100-xCox alloys (10structures were obtained. For Co-rich alloys (x≥70, different phases were found, revealing the formation of a metastable intermetallic phase (FeCo, wairauite together with fcc-Co and hcp-Co phases. The specific saturation magnetization increases by increasing Co content, reaching a maximum value of 225 emu/g for hcp-Fe70Co30, and then it shows a diminution up to 154 emu/g for bcc-Fe30Co70. All studied alloys (Fe100-xCox present low coercivity, in the range from 0 to 65 Oe, which is lower than reported. The coercivity increases with the increment in Co, reaching a maximum of 64.1 Oe for Fe40Co60. After that, the coercivity falls up to 24.5 Oe for Co-rich alloys, which make them a very low coercive material.

  3. Edge magnetism and electronic structure properties of zigzag nanoribbons of arsenene and antimonene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abid, M.; Shoaib, Anwer; Farooq, M. Hassan; Wu, Hongbo; Ma, Dashuai; Fu, Botao

    2017-11-01

    We have investigated the electronic and magnetic properties of zigzag nanoribbons (ZNRs) of arsenene and antimonene both in black phosphorene (BP) phase and hexagonal phase by using first principles calculations. Firstly, a novel metallic edge state emerges in the mid of the bulk band gap for ZNRs of all the systems. Secondly, edge magnetism have also been systematically studied for these systems by considering different magnetic configurations. An intra-edge antiferromagnetic semiconducting state is found to be the ground state for the ZNRs of arsenene and antimonene. Since the edges of ZNRs are easily saturated by Hydrogen and Oxygen atoms when the samples are exposed to the air in the experiment, we further investigate influence of edge passivation of Hydrogen or Oxygen atoms and find the edge magnetism vanished under H-passivation but still restored under O-atoms passivation. Thus the electronic and magnetic properties of the ZNRs can be effectively controlled by intentionally passivation with various elements. We hope these interesting electronic and magnetic properties of the ZNRs of arsenene/antimonene are useful for future applications in nanoelectronic and spintronic devices.

  4. Electronic, magnetic, and structural properties of the ferrimagnet Mn2CoSn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winterlik, Jürgen; Fecher, Gerhard H.; Balke, Benjamin; Graf, Tanja; Alijani, Vajiheh; Ksenofontov, Vadim; Jenkins, Catherine A.; Meshcheriakova, Olga; Felser, Claudia; Liu, Guodong; Ueda, Shigenori; Kobayashi, Keisuke; Nakamura, Tetsuya; Wójcik, Marek

    2011-05-01

    The magnetic ground state of the Heusler compound Mn2CoSn was predicted to be nearly half-metallic ferrimagnetic with a high spin polarization by ab initio electronic structure calculations. Mn2CoSn was synthesized, and the magnetic behavior of the compound was studied using a superconducting quantum interference device and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The experimental values were found to be in fair accordance with the theoretical predictions. The electronic structure and the crystal structure of Mn2CoSn were characterized comprehensively using x-ray powder diffraction, Sn119 Mössbauer spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, and hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

  5. Structural, magnetic and electrical properties of Zr-substitued NiZnCo ferrite nanopowders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Le-Zhong, E-mail: lezhongli@cuit.edu.cn; Zhong, Xiao-Xi; Wang, Rui; Tu, Xiao-Qiang

    2017-08-01

    Highlights: • The static magnetic properties of NiZnCoZr ferrite nanopowders have been investigated. • The dielectric constant increases with the increase of Zr substitution. • The relaxation peak of tan δ ∼ T curves is observed for x ≥ 0.10. • Electrical transport behavior is found to follow the impurity semiconductor. • The dc resistivity increases at transition temperature with Zr substitution. - Abstract: Zr-substituted NiZnCo ferrite nanopowders, Ni{sub 0.4−x}Zn{sub 0.5}Zr{sub x}Co{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 2.0}O{sub 4} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.20), were synthesized by the sol-gel auto-combustion method. The effects of Zr substitution on the structural, magnetic and electrical properties have been investigated. The DTA and TG results indicate that there are three steps of combustion process. The X-ray diffraction patterns show that the lattice parameter and the average crystallite size increase with the increase of Zr substitution. The saturation magnetization increases with the increase of Zr substitution when x ≤ 0.05, and then decreases when x > 0.05. Meanwhile, the coercivity initially decreases with the increase of Zr substitution when x ≤ 0.05, and then increases when x > 0.05. The polarization behavior for all the samples in the test frequency range from100 Hz to10 MHz obeys the charge polarization mechanism, which happens since the frequency of the hopping of electron exchange between Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} ions are far from the frequency of alternating-current field. And the dielectric constant increases with the increase of Zr substitution. The relaxation peak of the frequency dependence of dielectric loss is observed for x ≥ 0.10, which is due to the frequency of charge hopping between the Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} exactly matches with the frequency of the external applied field. Electrical transport behavior of the ferrite nanopowders is found to follow the impurity semiconductor, and the effect of Zr substitution on the temperature dependence

  6. Growth, structure and magnetic properties of magnetron sputtered FePt thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantelli, Valentina

    2010-07-01

    The L1{sub 0} FePt phase belongs to the most promising hard ferromagnetic materials for high density recording media. The main challenges for thin FePt films are: (i) to lower the process temperature for the transition from the soft magnetic A1 to the hard magnetic L1{sub 0} phase, (ii) to realize c-axes preferential oriented layers independently from the substrate nature and (iii) to control layer morphology supporting the formation of FePt-L1{sub 0} selforganized isolated nanoislands towards an increase of the signal-to-noise ratio. In this study, dc magnetron sputtered FePt thin films on amorphous substrates were investigated. The work is focused on the correlation between structural and magnetic properties with respect to the influence of deposition parameters like growth mode (cosputtering vs. layer - by - layer) and the variation of the deposition gas (Ar, Xe) or pressure (0.3-3 Pa). In low-pressure Ar discharges, high energetic particle impacts support vacancies formation during layer growth lowering the phase transition temperature to (320{+-}20) C. By reducing the particle kinetic energy in Xe discharges, highly (001) preferential oriented L1{sub 0}-FePt films were obtained on a-SiO{sub 2} after vacuum annealing. L1{sub 0}-FePt nano-island formation was supported by the introduction of an Ag matrix, or by random ballistic aggregation and atomic self shadowing realized by FePt depositions at very high pressure (3 Pa). The high coercivity (1.5 T) of granular, magnetic isotropic FePt layers, deposited in Ar discharges, was measured with SQUID magnetometer hysteresis loops. For non-granular films with (001) preferential orientation the coercivity decreased (0.6 T) together with an enhancement of the out-of- plane anisotropy. Nanoislands show a coercive field close to the values obtained for granular layers but exhibit an in-plane easy axis due to shape anisotropy effects. An extensive study with different synchrotron X-ray scattering techniques, mainly

  7. Site dilution in SrRuO3: effects on structural and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Renu; Pramanik, A. K.

    2017-03-01

    We have investigated the effect of site dilution with substitution of nonmagnetic element in SrRu1-x Ti x O3 (x  ⩽  0.7). The nature of ferromagnetic state in SrRuO3 is believed to be of itinerant type with transition temperature {{T}\\text{c}}˜ 162 K. Crystallographically, SrRuO3 has a distorted orthorhombic structure. Substitution of \\text{T}{{\\text{i}}+4} (3d 0) for Ru+4 (4d 4), however, does not introduce significant structural modification due to their matching ionic radii. This substitution, on the other hand, is expected to tune the electronic correlation effect and the d electron density in the system. With Ti substitution, we find that magnetic moment and Curie temperature decreases but T c remains unchanged which has been attributed to opposite tuning of electron correlation effect and density of states within the framework of itinerant ferromagnetism. The estimated critical exponent (β) related to magnetization implies a mean-field type of magnetic nature in SrRuO3. The value of β further increases with x which is understood from the dilution effect of magnetic lattice. The system evolves to exhibit Griffiths phase like behavior above T c which is usually realized in diluted ferromagnet following local moment model of magnetism. Our detail analysis of magnetization data indicates that magnetic state in SrRuO3 has contribution from both itinerant and local moment model of magnetism.

  8. Structure and magnetic properties of magnetron-sputtered FePt/Au superlattice films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Y S; Li, W L; Fei, W D [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, PO Box 405, Harbin 150001 (China); Li Haibo; Liu Mei; Zhang Yumei [College of Physics, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000 (China)], E-mail: wdfei@hit.edu.cn

    2008-12-21

    Using dc magnetron sputtering, FePt/Au multilayer films were prepared, and the effects of Au thickness and annealing temperature on structure and magnetic properties of the FePt/Au films were investigated. The as-deposited FePt/Au multilayer films with a thicker Au layer show a superlattice structure. The interatomic layer spacing d{sub (220)} in face centered cubic (fcc) FePt lattice increases with increase in Au thickness. Accordingly, the strain energy stored in the fcc FePt lattice increases. After annealing at 300 deg. C, ordered FePt films were obtained, and the in-plane and out-of-plane coercivities of the films were found to increase with the increase in the Au layer thickness. When the Au layer thickness is 3.5 nm, the in-plane and out-of-plane coercivities of the films can reach 2.08 kOe and 1.56 kOe, respectively. The strain energy stored in fcc FePt lattice is responsible for the lower temperature ordering of FePt phase. For the films annealed at high temperature, the thicker Au layer in the films restrained the ordering of the FePt phase, which leads to the decrease in the coercivities of the films with increasing Au thickness.

  9. The effect of Ag-additive on structural and magnetic properties of FePt alloy thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Le Minh, P.; Minh, P.T.L.; Van, N.D.; Thuy, N.P; Nguyen, L.T.; Lodder, J.C.; Thang, T.D.; Chan, N.T.N

    2003-01-01

    Two series of Fe54 Pt46 and (Fe54 Pt46 )96 Ag4 alloy .lms were deposited by RF-co-sputtering onto oxidized silicon substrates at room temperature.The structural and the magnetic properties of the samples have been investigated in dependence on heat treatment conditions and .lm thickness.It is worth

  10. Structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Heusler alloys Ni50Mn38Sb12 with boron addition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Nong, Ngo; Tai, N.T.; Huy, N.T.

    2011-01-01

    We report on the structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of the Ni50Mn38Sb12Bx alloys in term of boron addition with x=1, 3 and 5. We have found that both the paramagnetic–ferromagnetic austenitic transition (TC) and the ferromagnetic–antiferromagnetic martensitic transition (TM...

  11. Annealing-dependent structural and magnetic properties of nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles in a silica matrix

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nikolic, Dobrica; Panjan, Matjaz; Blake, Graeme R.; Tadic, Marin

    2015-01-01

    We show that annealing at high temperatures has a significant effect on the structural and magnetic properties of NiO/SiO2 nanostructures synthesized by a sol-gel combustion method. Samples underwent heat treatments at 500 degrees C, 800 degrees C, 950 degrees C and 1100 degrees C. As compared to

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of (NdBa)MnO3 films on lattice-matched substrates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khoryushin, Alexey V.; Mozhaeva, Julia E.; Mozhaev, Peter B.

    2013-01-01

    Structural and magnetic properties of (NdBa)MnO3 thin films grown on several perovskite substrates by pulsed laser deposition are presented. A high crystal quality epitaxial film with smooth surface and low level of internal strain may be grown up to thicknesses of 70 nm. The in-plane distortion ...

  13. Effect of chromium concentration on the structural, magnetic and electrical properties of praseodymium-calcium manganite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bettaibi, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux et des Nanomatériaux appliquée à l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Gabès cité Erriadh, Université de Gabès, 6079 Gabès (Tunisia); M' nassri, R., E-mail: rafik_mnassri@yahoo.fr [Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of Kasserine, Kairouan University, B.P. 471, 1200 Kasserine (Tunisia); Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux, Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences de Monastir, Université de Monastir, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia); Selmi, A. [Laboratory of Physics of Materials, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, B.P.1171, 3000 Sfax (Tunisia); Rahmouni, H. [Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux et des Nanomatériaux appliquée à l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Gabès cité Erriadh, Université de Gabès, 6079 Gabès (Tunisia); Chniba-Boudjada, N. [Institut NEEL, B.P.166, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 09 (France); Faculté des Sciences de Gabès cité Erriadh, Université de Gabès, 6079 Gabès (Tunisia); and others

    2015-11-25

    The influence of Cr doping on magnetic, magnetocaloric and electrical properties in a polycrystalline sample of Pr{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} is investigated. Structural studies show that our samples are single phase. The magnetization shows that the Pr{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 1−x}Cr{sub x}O{sub 3} ceramics exhibit a paramagnetic–ferromagnetic transition with a large magnetic entropy change. The relative cooling power (RCP) values are comparable to those of other manganite. DC conductance G{sub DC} measurements show that all samples are characterized by a semiconductor behavior. It is found that G{sub DC} decreases by two decades when increasing chromium concentrations. For the parent compound, dc-conductance is characterized by the appearance of a saturation region at a specific temperature (T{sub sat} = 200 K). For the doped compound, T{sub sat} go beyond room temperature. Conduction mechanism is found to be dominated by the small polaron hopping (SPH) process at high temperature and by variable range hopping one (VRH) at low temperature. AC conductance study confirms that the conductivity is governed by hopping process and obeys to the Jonscher universal power law. The exponent ‘n’ variation with temperature is in good agreement with Mott theory. Its variation as a function of chromium content indicates that the material turns from metallic to semi-insulating behavior when chromium composition increases. Impedance analysis proves the presence of electrical relaxation phenomenon in the material and confirms that grain boundaries played a main role in the conduction process. - Highlights: • Pr{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 1−x}Cr{sub x}O{sub 3} manganites phases crystallize in an orthorhombic (Pnma) structure. • Pr{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 0.95}Cr{sub 0.05}O{sub 3} has the highest relative cooling power. • DC conductivity measurement indicates that samples have a semiconductor character. • Conduction mechanism is well described by hopping

  14. Synthesis, structural, dielectric and magnetic properties of polyol assisted copper ferrite nano particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavithradevi, S. [Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Park College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore (India); Suriyanarayanan, N., E-mail: madurasuri2210@yahoo.com [Prof & Head, Department of Physics, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore (India); Boobalan, T. [Lecturer, Department of Physics, PSG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore (India)

    2017-03-15

    Nanocrystalline copper ferrite CuFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} is synthesized by co-precipitation method in ethylene glycol as chelating agent, using sodium Hydroxide as precipitator at pH 8. The as synthesized CuFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} is annealed at temperatures of 350 °C, 700 °C, and 1050 °C for 2 h respectively. The thermal analysis of the synthesized sample is done by TG technique. It is shown that at 260 °C ethylene glycol has evaporated completely and after 715 °C, spinel ferrite is formed with a cubic structure. The calculated lattice parameters are in agreement with the reported values. FTIR spectra of CuFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nano particles are as synthesized and annealed at 1050 °C and recorded between 400 cm{sup −1} and 4000 cm{sup −1}. It shows that when the temperature increases ethylene glycol gradually evaporates. Finally, nano crystalline single phase spinel ferrite is obtained. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron diffraction (EDS) studies show that the sample is indexed as the face centered cubic spinel structure. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that the particles are flaky and spherical with the crystallite size in the range of 25–34 nm. From the dielectric studies, the dielectric constant decreases as the frequency increases. Low value of dielectric loss at higher frequencies suggests that the material is suitable for high frequency applications. AC conductivity increases with frequency. The magnetic properties of the samples are measured using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) at room temperature, which shows that the sample exhibited a typical super paramagnetic behavior at low temperature. The saturation magnetization, remanant magnetism, and coercivity increases with applied field. - Highlights: • Complete removal of hematite phase along with ethylene glycol at 1050 °C. • Large decrease in particle sizes noticed along with ethylene glycol. • Ethylene glycol improves purity of the

  15. Structural and magnetic properties Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} obtained by the coprecipitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junior, M.E.; Junior, F.A.; Hernandez, E.P.; Barbosa, F.C.G.; Paulo, V.I.M.; Junior, J.N.A.; Almeida, J.C. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), PE (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    Full text: The study shows a structural and magnetic properties of cobalt oxide Co3O4 doped with Cr as a function of the parameters adopted during the synthesis by chemical co-precipitation were flowing neutralizing NaOH and calcination temperature to 800 °C and 1000 °C. First, a series of samples of this oxide in which the flow was changed neutralization of the NaOH solution was generated. Thermal treatments were carried out at 800 °C and 1000 °C in anticipation of changing voltages on the network, average crystal size, etc. XRD observed in this case that the major phase and Co3O4 was found that the change of flow, the average crystallite size of network parameters and changes suffered distorted. In magnetic measurements MxT for samples to 800 °C and 1000 °C we observed behavioral evidence of a ferri / ferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition. On the other hand, the Curie-Weiss parameter was found negative for all samples associated with the major phase Co3O4 antiferromagnetic. Thus, we could correlate these phenomena the possible presence of phase clusters / nanoclusters amorphous ferri / ferromagnetic with CoCr2O4 / CrO2 generated with the incorporation of Cr under different NaOH flows. These coupling steps leading to the observed behavior. Have the MXH measures to 1000 °C in 50K presented a characteristic hysteresis loop system ferri / ferromagnetic well pronounced and could associate this, beyond the coupling phase, the fact that higher temperatures increase the grain size decreasing the surface anisotropy and favoring phases ferri / ferromagnetic. We are convinced that the results of our research is an important contribution to the field. (author)

  16. Structures and magnetic properties of CrSin- (n = 3-12) clusters: Photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Xiangyu; Xu, Hong-Guang; Zheng, Weijun

    2012-08-01

    Chromium-doped silicon clusters, CrSin-(n = 3-12), were investigated with anion photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. The combination of experimental measurement and theoretical calculations reveals that the onset of endohedral structure in CrSin- clusters occurs at n = 10 and the magnetic properties of the CrSin- clusters are correlated to their geometric structures. The most stable isomers of CrSin- from n = 3 to 9 have exohedral structures with magnetic moments of 3-5μB while those of CrSi10-, CrSi11-, and CrSi12- have endohedral structures and magnetic moments of 1μB.

  17. Structural and magnetic properties of ZnO:TM (TM: Co, Mn) nanopowders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubi, D. [Institut de Ciencia de Materials de Barcelona (CSIC), Campus UAB, E08193 Belaterra (Spain)]. E-mail: drubi@icmab.es; Calleja, A. [Quality Chemicals, Fornal 35, Pol. Ind. Can Comelles Sud, Esparreguera 08292 (Spain); Arbiol, J. [TEM-MAT, Serveis Cientificotecnics, Universitat de Barcelona, Sole i Sabrais 1-3, Barcelona 08028 (Spain); Capdevila, X.G. [Facultat de Quimica, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Segarra, M. [Facultat de Quimica, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Aragones, Ll. [Quality Chemicals, Fornal 35, Pol. Ind. Can Comelles Sud, Esparreguera 08292 (Spain); Fontcuberta, J. [Institut de Ciencia de Materials de Barcelona (CSIC), Campus UAB, E08193 Belaterra (Spain)

    2007-09-15

    We report on the structural and magnetic characterization of Co{sub 0.1}Zn{sub 0.9}O and Mn{sub 0.1}Zn{sub 0.9}O nanopowders obtained by a soft chemistry route. We show that those samples fired at low temperatures display a ferromagnetic interaction that cannot be attributed to the presence of impurities. A magnetic aging mechanism is observed, reflecting the key role played by defects in the stabilization of ferromagnetism in this kind of diluted magnetic semiconductors.

  18. Structure and magnetic properties of iron-platinum particles with iron oxide shell.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basit, Lubna; Shukoor, Ibrahim; Ksenofontov, Vadim; Tremel, Wolfgang; Fecher, Gerhard H.; Felser, Claudia [Institut of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg - University, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Nepijko, Sergei A.; Schoenhense, Gerd [Institut of Physics, Johannes Gutenberg - University, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Klimenkov, Michael [Institut of Materials Research I, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    Nanoparticles of solid solution Fe{sub x}Pt{sub 1-x}, where 0.25{>=}x {>=}0 with Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} shell were synthesized and characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, electron energy loss spectroscopy, Moessbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry. The magnetic properties, of such two-phase particles are interesting because their core is antiferromagnetic or paramagnetic (at very small values of x) whereas the shell is ferrimagnetic. The size of the particles was in the range of several nanometers. {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy revealed a blocking temperature of about 100 K above which the particles are superparamagnetic. Towards lower temperatures, the magnetic characteristics showed an increase of magnetic rigidity. The saturation magnetization increases by a factor of 1.4 between room temperature and 5 K.

  19. Magnetic Properties of Tetragonally Distorted Fe3Pt and the Hybrid Structure Fe3Pt/Fe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuma, Akimasa

    1995-11-01

    To investigate the magnetic performance of a hybrid structure oftransition metals, we consider the Fe3Pt/Fe system and examine theeffects both of the tetragonal distortion of L12 type Fe3Pt andthe hybridization with bcc-Fe on the magnetic properties, usingLMTO-ASA method in the framework of LSD. The magnetic moment ofFe3Pthas a maximum stationary value of 8.85 µ B/ cell atc/a=1/\\sqrt{2}. The hypothetical struc-ture of Fe20Pt4 is supposed by combining Fe3Pt of c/a=1/\\sqrt{2} and bcc-Fe lattice. It is predicted that the magnetizationreaches 2.27 T with the magnetic anisotropy constant of 11×105 J/ m3. With using the coherent rotation model formagnetization reversal process, we get maximum energy product(BH) max=10.2 MJ/ m3.

  20. Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Co Doped CdTe Alloy Powders Prepared by Solid-State Reaction Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rigana Begam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Co doped CdTe powder samples were prepared by solid-state reaction method. In the present work effect of Co doping on structural, optical, and magnetic properties has been studied. X-ray diffraction studies confirm zinc blend structure for all the samples. The lattice parameter showed linear increase with the increase in Co content. The elemental constituents were characterized by EDAX. Optical studies showed the increase in band gap with increase in Co level. The samples were diluted magnetic semiconductors and exhibited clear hysteresis loop showing room temperature ferromagnetism as confirmed by vibrating sample magnetometer.

  1. Structural and magnetic properties of Ca-substituted barium W-type hexagonal hexaferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Kai [Engineering Technology Research Center of Magnetic Materials, Anhui Province, School of Physics & Materials Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China); Department of Mathmatic and Physics, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230601 (China); Liu, Xiansong, E-mail: xiansongliu@ahu.edu.cn [Engineering Technology Research Center of Magnetic Materials, Anhui Province, School of Physics & Materials Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China); Feng, Shuangjiu; Zhang, Zhanjun [Engineering Technology Research Center of Magnetic Materials, Anhui Province, School of Physics & Materials Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China); Yu, Jiangying [Department of Mathmatic and Physics, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230601 (China); Niu, Xiaofei; Lv, Farui; Huang, Xing [Engineering Technology Research Center of Magnetic Materials, Anhui Province, School of Physics & Materials Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China)

    2015-04-01

    A series of W-type hexagonal ferrites with the composition Ba{sub 1−x}Ca{sub x}Co{sub 2}Fe{sub 16}O{sub 27} (x=0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) were synthesized using a sol–gel method. The effects of doping on structural and magnetic properties are studied by X-ray diffraction, thermal analyzer, scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer and vector network analyzer, respectively. The X-ray diffraction analysis shows that the samples belong to the W-type hexagonal ferrite. The lattice constants a and c decreases as Ca contents increases. The grains exhibit well defined hexagonal shape. The saturation magnetization and the intrinsic coercive force increases with the increase of the Ca substitution amount. The real part of complex permittivity (ε′) and imaginary part (ε″) increase with more addition of Ca{sup 2+} amount. The imaginary part of complex permittivity (μ′) increases and the real part (μ′′) goes down after Ca{sup 2+} is doped. Furthermore, the Ca{sup 2+} ions doped in the ferrite improved microwave absorbency. - Highlights: • Various Ba{sub 1−x}Ca{sub x}Co{sub 2}Fe{sub 16}O{sub 27} (x=0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) ferrites are W-type phase with a space group of p63/mmc and no any extra peak were observed in the powder XRD patterns.The lattice constants a and c decrease as Ca contents increases. • Three weight loss steps corresponding to one sharp exothermic peak have been observed in the TG curve. • The shape and diameters of most the grains remains almost independent of Ca{sup 2+} substitution by scanning electron microscopy. • The saturation magnetization and the intrinsic coercive force increases with the increase of the Ca substitution amount. • The real part of complex permittivity (ε′) and imaginary part (ε″) increase with more addition of Ca{sup 2+} amount. The imaginary part of complex permittivity (μ′) increases and the real part (μ′′) goes down after Ca{sup 2+} is doped. Furthermore, the Ca{sup 2

  2. A dicopper complex with distant metal centers. Structure, magnetic properties, electrochemistry and catecholase activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasque, Laura; Ugalde-Saldívar, Víctor Manuel; Membrillo, Ingrid; Olguín, Juan; Mijangos, Edgar; Bernès, Sylvain; González, Ignacio

    2008-01-01

    The crystal structure and magnetic properties of a dinuclear copper(II) complex of the ligand [2,8-dimethyl-5,11-di-(dimethylethyleneamine) 1,4,5,6,7,10,11,12-octahydroimidazo [4,5-h] imidazo [4,5-c] [1,6]diazecine] dimeim have been investigated. Also, its catecholase activity has been explored in different solvent mixtures: MeCN/H2O and OH/H2O, each at several pH values. In CH3OH/H2O, where the activity was superior, the optimal pH value for the catalytic activity was found to be lower than in CH3CN/H2O. The study of the complex's electrochemical behavior (cyclic voltammetry) which was also investigated in these various media, revealed that although an increase in pH in both solvent mixtures results in an increase both in Me oxidizing power (E(1/2)) and reversibility (ipa/ipc) the change of solvent system seems to be a more influencing factor. The superior catalytic activity found in MeOH/H2O pH=8.0, is associated with a significantly more reversible behavior displayed in this medium. Potentiometric determination of the overall formation constant and three successive pKas for the complex, suggest the formation of stable hydroxo complexes which could be the catalytically active species.

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of La–Co substituted Sr–Ca hexaferrites synthesized by the solid state reaction method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Yujie; Liu, Xiansong, E-mail: xiansongliu@ahu.edu.cn; Jin, Dali; Ma, Yuqi

    2014-11-15

    Graphical abstract: The change of the remanence (B{sub r}) and intrinsic coercivity (H{sub cj}) with La content (x) and Co content (y) of hexagonal ferrite Sr{sub 0.7−x}Ca{sub 0.3}La{sub x}Fe{sub 12−y}Co{sub y}O{sub 19} magnets. - Highlights: • Sr{sub 0.7−x}Ca{sub 0.3}La{sub x}Fe{sub 12−y}Co{sub y}O{sub 19} hexaferrites were synthesized by the solid state reaction method. • B{sub r} continuously increases with increasing dopant contents. • H{sub cb}, H{sub cj} and (BH){sub max} for the magnets first increases and then decreases with an increase in the La–Co contents. - Abstract: Hexagonal ferrite Sr{sub 0.7−x}Ca{sub 0.3}La{sub x}Fe{sub 12−y}Co{sub y}O{sub 19} (x = 0.05–0.50; y = 0.04–0.40) magnetic powders and magnets were synthesized by the solid state reaction method. X-ray diffraction was employed to determine the phase compositions of the magnetic powders. There is a single magnetoplumbite phase in the magnetic powders with the substitution of La (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.15) and Co (0.04 ≤ y ≤ 0.12) contents. For the magnetic powders containing La (x ≥ 0.20) and Co (y ≥ 0.16), magnetic impurities begin to appear in the structure. A field emission scanning electron microscope was used to characterize the micrographs of the magnets. The magnets have formed hexagonal structures. Magnetic properties of the magnets were measured by a magnetic properties test instrument. The remanence continuously increases with increasing dopant contents. Whereas, the magnetic induction coercivity, intrinsic coercivity and maximum energy product for the magnets first increases and then decreases with an increase in the La–Co contents.

  4. Structure and magnetic properties of amorphous Fe-(Zr,Nb)-B melt spun alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamora, J.; Betancourt, I.

    2017-04-01

    In this work, we report the structure and magnetic behavior of an amorphous Fe81Zr5Nb4B10 melt-spun alloy. The radial distribution function (RDF) afforded the resolution of the nearest-neighbor configuration on the basis of the atom-pair distance information, for which the positions of each peak indicated the atom-to-atom separation involved for short-range ordering. The first peaks of RDF were attributed to the distances of B-B, Fe-Fe and Zr-Nb atomic pairs, indicating a glassy structure equivalent to a distorted bcc-Fe cluster. From magnetic measurements, a magnetic moment of 0.65 Bohr magneton per Fe atom was established, together with a Curie temperature of 334 K and an initial ac permeability of 550 for frequencies as high as 250 kHz. In addition, the magnetocaloric effect, quantified from isothermal magnetization measurements through the magnetic entropy variation, reached a maximum of 2.0 J/kg K for a magnetic field change of 2.0 T.

  5. Effects of magnetic annealing on structure and multiferroic properties of pure and dysprosium substituted BiFeO 3

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Shuxia

    2012-07-01

    In this work, the effects of magnetic annealing on crystal structure and multiferroic properties of BiFeO 3 and Bi 0.85Dy 0.15FeO 3 have been investigated. It is found that the X-ray diffraction patterns of pure BiFeO 3 samples are obviously broadened after magnetic annealing, whereas those of Bi 0.85Dy 0.15FeO 3 samples are almost unchanged. Magnetic field annealing did not affect the magnetic properties of these two kinds of samples much. However, ferroelectric properties of the two materials exhibited different behaviors after magnetic field annealing. For pure BiFeO 3 samples, the remnant polarizations (P r) are suppressed; in contrast, for Bi 0.85Dy 0.15FeO 3 samples, P r is greatly enhanced. Possible mechanisms for the effects of magnetic field annealing have been discussed. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Low temperature synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of Mn2[VO4]F

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisuke Mori

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The compound Mn2[VO4]F was synthesized using a hydrothermal synthesis route at low temperature and its crystal structure was determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data. Mn2[VO4]F was characterized by magnetic susceptibility and specific heat capacity measurements. Mn2[VO4]F crystallizes with the triplite-type structure, space group C2/c, a = 13.451(3 Å, b = 6.6953(16 Å, c = 10.126(3 Å, β = 116.587(4°, V = 815.6(3 Å3 and Z = 8. The structure consists of a 3D-framework built up of VO4 tetrahedra, and manganese (II polyhedra which form chains running along the [101] and [010] directions. The coordination of the manganese cations and the connectivity between the manganese polyhedra are not defined clearly due to the disorder of the fluoride anions which form zigzag chains along [001]. The magnetic susceptibility follows a Curie–Weiss behavior above 50 K with Θ = −88 K indicating that predominant magnetic interactions are antiferromagnetic. The specific heat capacity and magnetization measurements show that Mn2[VO4]F undergoes a three-dimensional magnetic ordering at TN = 30 K and a canted weak ferromagnetism due to mixed-anion effect.

  7. Structural and magnetic Properties of TbZn-substituted calcium barium M-type nano-structured hexa-ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khan, Hasan M. [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Department of Electronics, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Islam, M.U., E-mail: dr.misbahulislam@bzu.edu.pk [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Xu, Yongbing [Department of Electronics, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Nanjing–York International Centre of Spintronics and Nano-Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Asif Iqbal, M. [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); National University of Science and Technology, College of E and ME, Islamabad (Pakistan); Ali, Irshad [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan)

    2014-03-15

    Highlights: • Tb–Zn substituted Ca{sub 0.5}Ba{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 19} samples exhibit single magnetoplumbite phase. • Lattice parameters a and c have increasing values. • Coercivity can be tuned at lower substitution level • Crystallites size was found in the range 18–25 nm by TEM and by Scherrer formula. • These hexa-ferrites are suitable for microwave devices and magnetic recording media. -- Abstract: Effect of TbZn substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of Ca{sub 0.5}Ba{sub 0.5−x}Tb{sub x}Zn{sub y}Fe{sub 12−y}O{sub 19}, (x = 0.00–0.10; y = 0.00–1.00) ferrites prepared by sol–gel auto combustion is reported. The synthesized samples were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Vibrating Sample magnetometery. The X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed single phase M-type hexa-ferrite structure. The lattice parameters were found to increase as TbZn contents increases, which is attributed to the ionic sizes of the implicated cations. The TbZn seems to be completely soluble in the lattice. The results of scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy shows that the grain size decreases with increase of TbZn substitution. The coercivity values (1277–2025 Oe) of all samples lies in the range of M-type hexa-ferrite and indicate that an increase of anisotropy was achieved by substitution of TbZn, while the size of nanoparticles was drastically reduced between 18 and 25 nm. The increased anisotropy and fine particle size are useful for many applications, such as improving signal noise ratio of recording devices.

  8. A series of novel lanthanide carboxyphosphonates with a 3D framework structure: synthesis, structure, and luminescent and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kai; Dong, Da-Peng; Sun, Zhen-Gang; Jiao, Cheng-Qi; Li, Chao; Wang, Cheng-Lin; Zhu, Yan-Yu; Zhao, Yan; Zhu, Jiang; Sun, Shou-Hui; Zheng, Ming-Jing; Tian, Hui; Chu, Wei

    2012-08-28

    By introduction of 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid as the second organic ligand, a series of novel lanthanide carboxyphosphonates with a 3D framework structure, namely, [Ln(3)(H(2)L)(HL)(2)(bdc)(2)(H(2)O)]·7H(2)O (Ln = La (1), Ce (2), Pr (3), Nd (4), Sm (5), Eu (6), Gd (7), Tb (8); H(3)L = H(2)O(3)PCH(2)NC(5)H(9)COOH; H(2)bdc = HOOCC(6)H(4)COOH) have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Compounds are isostructural and feature a 3D framework in which Ln(III) polyhedra are interconnected by bridging {CPO(3)} tetrahedra into 2D inorganic layers parallel to the ab plane. The organic groups of H(2)L(-) are grafted on the two sides of the layer. These layers are further cross-linked by the bdc(2-) ligands from one layer to the Ln atoms from the other into a pillared-layered architecture with one-dimensional channel system along the a axis. The thermal stability of compounds has been investigated. Luminescent properties of compounds , and the magnetic properties of compound have also been studied.

  9. Structural Characteristics and Magnetic Properties of Al2O3 Matrix-Based Co-Cermet Nanogranular Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giap Van Cuong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic micro- and nanogranular materials prepared by different methods have been used widely in studies of magnetooptical response. However, among them there seems to be nothing about magnetic nanogranular thin films prepared by a rf cosputtering technique for both metals and insulators till now. This paper presented and discussed preparation, structural characteristics, and magnetic properties of alumina (Al2O3 matrix-based granular Co-cermet thin films deposited by means of the cosputtering technique for both Co and Al2O3. By varying the ferromagnetic (Co atomic fraction, x, from 0.04 to 0.63, several dominant features of deposition for these thin films were shown. Structural characteristics by X-ray diffraction confirmed a cermet-type structure for these films. Furthermore, magnetic behaviours presented a transition from paramagnetic- to superparamagnetic- and then to ferromagnetic-like properties, indicating agglomeration and growth following Co components of Co clusters or nanoparticles. These results show a typical granular Co-cermet feature for the Co-Al2O3 thin films prepared, in which Co magnetic nanogranules are dispersed in a ceramic matrix. Such nanomaterials can be applied suitably for our investigations in future on the magnetooptical responses of spinplasmonics.

  10. Structure and magnetic properties of iron-platinum particles with {gamma}-ferric-oxide shell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basit, L.; Shukoor, I.; Ksenofontov, V.; Fecher, G.H.; Tremel, W.; Felser, C. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Mainz (Germany); Nepijko, S.A.; Schoenhense, G. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Institut fuer Physik, Mainz (Germany); Klimenkov, M. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Institut fuer Materialforschung I, Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2009-03-15

    Nanoparticles of solid solution Fe{sub x}Pt{sub 1-x}, where 0.25{>=}x{>=}0 (fcc lattice) with {gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} shell (lattice of the spinel type) were synthesised and characterised by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, electron energy loss spectroscopy, Moessbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry. From the point of view of magnetic properties, such two-phase particles are interesting because their core is antiferromagnetic or paramagnetic (at very small values of x) whereas the shell is ferrimagnetic. The size of the particles was in the range of several nanometers. The Moessbauer measurements revealed a blocking temperature of about 100 K above which the particles are superparamagnetic. Towards lower temperatures, the magnetic characteristics of an ensemble of such particles show an increase of magnetic rigidity. (orig.)

  11. Processing, structure and magnetic properties correlation in co-precipitated Ca-ferrite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abasht, Behzad, E-mail: abasht@gmail.com [Space Thruster Research Institute, Iranian Space Research Center, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Beitollahi, Ali; Mirkazemi, Seyyed Mohammad [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-12-15

    La-substituted hexagonal calcium ferrite, Ca{sub 1−X}La{sub X}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 19} (x varies from 0 to 0.6 with the step of 0.2), was synthesized by applying co-precipitation method, in which the molar ratio of Fe{sup 3+}/(Ca{sup 2+}+La{sup 2+}) was 11. The ferrite precursors were prepared from aqueous solution of calcium nitrate, ferric nitrate and lanthanum nitrate by co-precipitation of calcium, iron and lanthanum ions by using an aqueous base of sodium hydroxide (1.5 M) at the pH of 14 and at room temperature. These precursors were calcinated with different amount of La at different temperature of 700, 1100 and 1200 °C for constant calcination time of 1 h in a static air atmosphere. Some tests such as simultaneous thermal analysis (STA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were carried out to investigate the thermal behavior, crystallographic properties, morphology and magnetic properties of the precursor powders which were calcinated at different temperatures. The powder XRD patterns of samples which consisted of La as dopant and were calcinated at 1200 °C for 1 h, indicates the formation of calcium hexaferrite and also α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} besides Magnetoplumbite-phase (M-phase). However, the results showed that CaFe{sub 4}O{sub 7} and α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phases were formed in the sample with the same condition but without using any dopant. The results of SEM showed that the calcium hexaferrite particle were regular hexagonal platelets with the size range of 1–2 µm. The magnetic properties such as maximum magnetization (M{sub Max}), remanent magnetization (M{sub r}) and coercivity (H{sub c}) were measured from the hysteresis loops. Low values of coercive field (16.3 kA m{sup −1}) and maximum magnetization (50.6 A m{sup 2} kg{sup −1}) were obtained from calcium hexaferrite particle in optimum amount of La (X=0.4) which calcinated at the temperature of 1200 °C. - Highlights: • In this

  12. Size dependent structural and magnetic properties of FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lak, Aidin; Kraken, Mathias; Ludwig, Frank; Kornowski, Andreas; Eberbeck, Dietmar; Sievers, Sibylle; Litterst, F. J.; Weller, Horst; Schilling, Meinhard

    2013-11-01

    The magnetic properties of monodisperse FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different mean sizes and volume fractions of FeO synthesized via decomposition of iron oleate were correlated to their crystallographic and phase compositional features by exploiting high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and field and zero field cooled magnetization measurements. A model describing the phase transformation from a pure Fe3O4 phase to a mixture of Fe3O4, FeO and interfacial FeO-Fe3O4 phases as the particle size increases was established. The reduced magnetic moment in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was attributed to the presence of differently oriented Fe3O4 crystalline domains in the outer layers and paramagnetic FeO phase. The exchange bias energy, dominating magnetization reversal mechanism and superparamagnetic blocking temperature in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles depend strongly on the relative volume fractions of FeO and the interfacial phase.The magnetic properties of monodisperse FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different mean sizes and volume fractions of FeO synthesized via decomposition of iron oleate were correlated to their crystallographic and phase compositional features by exploiting high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and field and zero field cooled magnetization measurements. A model describing the phase transformation from a pure Fe3O4 phase to a mixture of Fe3O4, FeO and interfacial FeO-Fe3O4 phases as the particle size increases was established. The reduced magnetic moment in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles was attributed to the presence of differently oriented Fe3O4 crystalline domains in the outer layers and paramagnetic FeO phase. The exchange bias energy, dominating magnetization reversal mechanism and superparamagnetic blocking temperature in FeO-Fe3O4 nanoparticles depend strongly on the relative volume fractions of FeO and the interfacial phase. Electronic supplementary

  13. Obtaining, structural, magnetic and corrosive properties of Nd-Fe-B alloy thin films on glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neacsu, Elena Ionela; Constantin, Virgil; Yanushkevish, Kazimir; Galyas, Anatoly; Demidenko, Olga; Calderon-Moreno, Jose; Popescu, Ana-Maria

    2014-09-01

    By "flash" method at the installation of vacuum evaporation the thin Nd-Fe-B layers of 100 nm ≤ d ≤ 1000 nm were obtained on glass support. The structure and microstructure of the thin Nd-Fe-B films was studied by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The study of the specific magnetization temperature dependences of the Nd-Fe-B films on the glass substrate in the 80 ≤ T ≤ 800 K temperature range by ponderomotive method showed that the magnetization of the layer of d ≥ 1000 nm thickness are comparable to those for powder samples. The magnetization of film with d < 100 nm thickness at 100 K does not exceed 85 Å m2 kg-1. In such films the long-range structural order is destroyed. The values of the coercive force and magnetic saturation field of Nd-Fe-B thin layers are determined. The corrosion process of the thin Nd-Fe-B films magnets was studied experimentally in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that the different electrochemical corrosion performance was associated with the ability of the thin films to form a big and continuous Nd2O3 passive film, while the formation of Nd(OH)3 lead to a decrease of the corrosion resistance.

  14. Synthesis, structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of zirconium copper doped M-type calcium strontium hexaferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashiq, Muhammad Naeem; Qureshi, Raheela Beenish [Institute of Chemical Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Malana, Muhammad Aslam, E-mail: draslammalana@gmail.com [Institute of Chemical Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Ehsan, Muhammad Fahad [National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), 11 Beiyitiao, Zhongguawn, Beijing (China)

    2014-12-25

    Highlights: • Particle size of these samples is suitable for high density recording media. • The samples have coercivity suitable for longitudinal magnetic recording media. • The sample (x = 0.8) has dielectric constant useful for high frequency applications. - Abstract: Zirconium copper substituted calcium strontium hexagonal ferrites with composition Ca{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 12−2x}Zr{sub x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 19} (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) have been synthesized by the chemical co precipitation procedure. These compounds were characterized by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry and scanning electron microscopy. Dielectric and magnetic properties of these hexaferrites were also explored. XRD analysis confirmed the single hexagonal phase of all the compounds and the average crystallite size was between 37 and 47 nm. The dielectric parameters show relaxation behaviour at higher frequencies. The values of dielectric parameters increase with dopants. In the range of magnetic field studied, the saturation magnetization decreases as the dopant contents increase which may be due to the nonmagnetic character of the substituents. The coercivity of the Zr–Cu doped derivatives of strontium calcium hexaferrites is increased up to x = 0.2 and then decreased. The values of coercivity are above 600 Oe which make them suitable materials for use in industries in longitudinal magnetic recording media.

  15. Effects of central metal on electronic structure, magnetic properties, infrared and Raman spectra of double-decker phthalocyanine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Atsushi, E-mail: suzuki@mat.usp.ac.jp; Oku, Takeo

    2016-09-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Electron density distributions were delocalized on the phthalocyanine rings. • The chemical shift was separated by the nuclear quadrupole interaction based on the EFG and η. • The magnetic parameters were dependent on the perturbation of the crystal field. • The vibration modes were shifted by the asymmetrical structure. - Abstract: The effects of the central metal in double-decker metal phthalocyanine on the electronic structure, magnetic properties, and infrared and Raman spectra of the complex were investigated. Electron density distributions were delocalized on the phthalocyanine rings. The narrow energy gap and infrared peaks observed in the ultra-violet–visible–near infrared spectra of the systems were attributed to phthalocyanine ring–ring interactions the between overlapping π-orbitals on each ring. The chemical shift behavior of the phthalocyanine rings was separated by the deformation of their structure owing to nuclear magnetic interaction of the nuclear quadrupole interaction as determined by the electronic field gradient and asymmetric parameters. The magnetic parameters of principle g-tensors were dependent on the perturbation of the crystal field by the hybridization of the d-spin in the central metal conjugated with nitrogen ligands. In the case of the vanadyl system, the IR vibration modes were shifted by the soft vibration mode for resolving the symmetrical structure. Inactive Raman vibration modes arose from no-polarization on the phthalocyanine rings. Double-decker metal phthalocyanines have great advantages for the control of the magnetic mechanism for quantum spin entanglement in the relaxation process.

  16. Effect of the template-assisted electrodeposition parameters on the structure and magnetic properties of Co nanowire arrays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kac, Malgorzata, E-mail: malgorzata.kac@ifj.edu.pl [Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Krakow (Poland); Zarzycki, Arkadiusz [Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Krakow (Poland); Kac, Slawomir [AGH University of Science and Technology, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Kopec, Marek; Perzanowski, Marcin; Dutkiewicz, Erazm M.; Suchanek, Katarzyna; Maximenko, Alexey; Marszalek, Marta [Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Krakow (Poland)

    2016-09-15

    Highlights: • Magnetic properties of Co nanowires in polycarbonate membranes were studied. • Electrodeposition stages were illustrated by SEM images. • Electrolyte and membrane parameters were optimized for Co nanowire fabrication. • Low temperature and potential favored nanowires with high coercivity and squareness. - Abstract: We studied the magnetic properties of Co nanowires electrodeposited in polycarbonate membranes as a function of the electrodeposition and template parameters. We showed the response of the current as a function of time, for nanowires prepared in various conditions. X-ray diffraction measurements indicate that nanowires have polycrystalline hcp structure with small addition of fcc phase. Magnetic properties analyzed by SQUID measurements suggest that easy axis of magnetization follows the nanowire axis with coercivity increasing with a decrease of nanowire diameter and length. The largest coercivity, equal to 850 Oe, was obtained for nanowires with the diameter of 30 nm and the length of 1.5 μm. We find the coercivity to be insensitive to pH value. Low electrodeposition temperature, low cathodic potential, and medium pH are the synthesis parameters most beneficial for large coercivity and/or magnetic anisotropy with easy axis along nanowires.

  17. Magnetic, transport and electronic structure properties of U{sub 2}RuGa{sub 8}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troc, R. [W. Trzebiatowski, Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower Silesia, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland)]. E-mail: troc@int.pan.wroc.pl; Bukowski, Z. [W. Trzebiatowski, Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower Silesia, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); SuIkowski, C. [W. Trzebiatowski, Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower Silesia, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); Morkowski, J.A. [W. Trzebiatowski, Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower Silesia, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); Szajek, A. [W. Trzebiatowski, Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower Silesia, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); CheIkowska, G. [W. Trzebiatowski, Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lower Silesia, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland)

    2005-04-30

    A single crystal of uranium ternary intermetallic of U{sub 2}RuGa{sub 8} was grown by the Ga self-flux method. This compound crystallizes in the tetragonal unit cell of space group P4/mmm. Despite the fairly large U-U shortest distance of 4.22A, this compound shows no signs of any magnetic ordering down to 1.9K. Instead, the susceptibility measured along the a and c axes, goes through a broad maximum at T{sub max}=220K showing a distinct anisotropy. For j||a there is a weak temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity with a large value of {rho}{sub 0}=117{mu}{omega}cm, while for j||c the {rho}(T) curve goes through a maximum at about 130K. The magnetoresistivity measured along two crystallographic directions is small and positive. The thermopower S for the two directions studied is positive and larger along the a-axis. It goes through a broad maximum at 175K reaching a value of 45{mu}V/K. The electronic structure has been calculated by the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital method (TB-LMTO) and the results were used in calculation of the valence band near the Fermi level compared next to that found in photoemission experiment. The core 4f spectra are also presented. All the above properties are discussed in view of mixed valence behaviour of uranium atom in this compound.

  18. Influence of the Quenching Rate on the Structure and Magnetic Properties of the Fe-Based Amorphous Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabiałek M.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of investigations into the structure, microstructure and magnetic properties of Fe61Co10Y8W1B20 amorphous alloy. The alloy samples were in two physical forms: (1 plates of approximate thickness 0.5 mm (so-called bulk amorphous alloys and (2 a ribbon of approximate thickness 35 μm (so-called classic amorphous alloy. The investigations comprised: X-ray diffractometry, Mössbauer spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy, and selected magnetic measurements; all of the investigations were carried out on samples in the as-quenched state. Analysis of the obtained SEM and TEM images, X-ray diffraction patterns, Mössbauer spectrometry results and measurements of the magnetisation in a high magnetic field facilitated collectively the detailed description of the structure of the investigated alloy, which was found to depend on the quenching speed.

  19. Composition dependence of structural, magnetic and electrical properties of Co substituted magnesium ferrite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramarao, K.; Rajesh Babu, B.; Kishore Babu, B.; Veeraiah, V.; Ramarao, S. D.; Rajasekhar, K.; Venkateswara Rao, A.

    2018-01-01

    In this work cobalt substituted magnesium spinel ferrite having general formula Mg1-xCoxFe2O4 (where x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.15,0.2,0.25 and 0.3) was synthesized by solid state reaction method. All the sample are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and dc resistivity measurements. XRD analysis confirms the formation of single phase spinel and the calculated lattice constant 'aexp' from XRD decreases as substitution of Co (x) is increased. The FTIR spectra reveled two prominent frequency bands in the wave number range 400-600 cm-1, which confirm the cubic spinel structure. Magnetic studies revealed that the saturation magnetization attains a maximum value when x = 0.2, and then decreases for higher concentration of (x). This non-linear trend in magnetization has been explained on the basis of redistribution of magnetic and non-magnetic cations among A and B sites of the spinel lattice. A significant influence of cation distribution observed on DC electrical resistivity and activation energy.

  20. FP-LMTO investigation of the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Heusler compounds Ru2CrZ(Ge, Sn, Si)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahlouli, S.; Aarizou, Z.; Elchikh, M.; Vergoten, G.

    2013-01-01

    We report structural and magnetic properties as well as band structures and density of states (DOS) of full Heusler Ru2CrSi, Ru2CrGe and Ru2CrSn. This was performed in the frame work of self-consistent first-principle calculations, using the Full-Potential Linearized Muffin Tin Orbital (FP-LMTO) method based on the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA), to investigate the structure and magnetic properties through the calculation of the electronic structure, equilibrium lattice constant and magnetic properties. Our results will show that our three Full-Heusler compounds are antiferromagnets.

  1. Effect of Synthesis Parameters on the Structure and Magnetic Properties of Magnetic Manganese Ferrite/Silver Composite Nanoparticles Synthesized by Wet Chemistry Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huy, L.T.; Tam, L.T.; Phan, V.N.

    2016-01-01

    In the present work, magnetic manganese ferrite/silver (MnFe2O4-Ag) composite nanoparticles were synthesized by wet chemistry method. This synthesis process consists of two steps: first, the seed of manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MnFe2O4 NPs) was prepared by a coprecipitationmethod; second......, growth of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the MnFe2O4 seed by modified photochemical reaction. We have conducted systematically the effects of synthesis parameters such as pH value, synthesis time, precursor salts concentration, mass ratio and stabilizing agents on the structure and magnetic properties...

  2. Structural interconversion between a chain polymer and a two-dimensional network accompanied by tunable magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chao; Sun, Jian-Ke; Li, Wei; Chen, Chang-Neng; Zhang, Jie

    2011-06-21

    The reaction of 2-hydroxypyrimidine-4,6-dicarboxylic acid (H(3)hpdc) with CuCl(2) under different temperatures gives a chain-like compound [Cu(2)(hpdc)(OH)(H(2)O)(4)]·H(2)O and a layer-like compound [Cu(2)(hpdc)(OH)(H(2)O)], which exhibit structural interconversion and tunable magnetic properties upon dehydration and hydration. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

  3. Structural and Magnetic Properties of Mn doped ZnO Thin Film Deposited by Pulsed Laser Deposition

    KAUST Repository

    Baras, Abdulaziz

    2011-07-01

    Diluted magnetic oxide (DMO) research is a growing field of interdisciplinary study like spintronic devices and medical imaging. A definite agreement among researchers concerning the origin of ferromagnetism in DMO has yet to be reached. This thesis presents a study on the structural and magnetic properties of DMO thin films. It attempts to contribute to the understanding of ferromagnetism (FM) origin in DMO. Pure ZnO and Mn doped ZnO thin films have been deposited by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) using different deposition conditions. This was conducted in order to correlate the change between structural and magnetic properties. Structural properties of the films were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) was used to investigate the magnetic properties of these films. The structural characterizations showed that the quality of pure ZnO and Mn doped ZnO films increased as oxygen pressure (PO) increased during deposition. All samples were insulators. In Mn doped films, Mn concentration decreased as PO increased. The Mn doped ZnO samples were deposited at 600˚C and oxygen pressure from 50-500mTorr. All Mn doped films displayed room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM). However, at 5 K a superparamagnetic (SPM) behavior was observed in these samples. This result was accounted for by the supposition that there were secondary phase(s) causing the superparamagnetic behavior. Our findings hope to strengthen existing research on DMO origins and suggest that secondary phases are the core components that suppress the ferromagnetism. Although RTFM and SPM at low temperature has been observed in other systems (e.g., Co doped ZnO), we are the first to report this behavior in Mn doped ZnO. Future research might extend the characterization and exploration of ferromagnetism in this system.

  4. Crystal structures and magnetic properties of strontium and copper doped lanthanum ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sora, Isabella Natali, E-mail: isabella.natali-sora@unibg.it [INSTM R.U. and Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Bergamo, Dalmine, BG, I-24044 (Italy); Caronna, Tullio; Fontana, Francesca [INSTM R.U. and Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Bergamo, Dalmine, BG, I-24044 (Italy); Julian Fernandez, Cesar de [INSTM R.U. Firenze and Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); CNR-Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie Molecolari (ISTM), 20133 Milano (Italy); Caneschi, Andrea [INSTM R.U. Firenze and Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Green, Mark [Center for Neutron Research, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2115 (United States)

    2012-07-15

    The crystal and magnetic structures of La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 3-w} compounds, which exhibit coercive fields larger than any others reported for iron-based perovskites, have been analyzed at room temperature with the neutron powder diffraction technique and the Rietveld method of profile fitting. For x in the range 0.05-0.10 the material is monophasic with orthorhombic symmetry (space group Pnma), and crystallizes in the perovskite-like cell of LaFeO{sub 3}, Fe/Cu cations occupy octahedral sites, La/Sr cations are twelve-fold coordinated. For x=0.20 the material is biphasic, with a main orthorhombic phase (space group Pnma) and a secondary rhombohedral phase with space group R-3c (hexagonal setting). The structural transition from the orthorhombic to the rhombohedral phase reduces the structural distortion of the (Fe/Cu)O{sub 6} octahedron. The average bond distance (Fe/Cu)-O and the pseudo-cubic unit cell volume decrease with increasing Cu content in accordance with the presence of higher valence states of the transition metals. The magnetic structure was modeled for the monophasic samples (x=0.05 and 0.10) assuming an antiferromagnetic interaction between Fe/Cu neighboring cations (G-type): the magnetic moments order antiferromagnetically along the b-axis, with the spin direction along a-axis. The magnetic moments of the Fe/Cu atoms are {mu}{sub x}=2.66(3){mu}{sub B} and 2.43(3){mu}{sub B} for the compositions x=0.05 and 0.10, respectively. By measuring the first magnetization curve and the hysteresis loops, coexisting antiferromagnetic and weak ferromagnetic interactions were observed for all samples. - Graphical abstract: Hysteresis loops measured at room temperature of the sample with x=0.05. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Iron based perovskites with the largest coercive fields. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sr and Cu lanthanum ferrites as magnetic materials. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Doped lanthanum ferrites show

  5. Targeted crystal growth of rare Earth intermetallics with synergistic magnetic and electrical properties: structural complexity to simplicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Devin C; Drake, Brenton L; McCandless, Gregory T; Chan, Julia Y

    2015-03-17

    The single-crystal growth of extended solids is an active area of solid-state chemistry driven by the discovery of new physical phenomena. Although many solid-state compounds have been discovered over the last several decades, single-crystal growth of these materials in particular enables the determination of physical properties with respect to crystallographic orientation and the determination of properties without possible secondary inclusions. The synthesis and discovery of new classes of materials is necessary to drive the science forward, in particular materials properties such as superconductivity, magnetism, thermoelectrics, and magnetocalorics. Our research is focused on structural characterization and determination of physical properties of intermetallics, culminating in an understanding of the structure-property relationships of single-crystalline phases. We have prepared and studied compounds with layered motifs, three-dimensional magnetic compounds exhibiting anisotropic magnetic and transport behavior, and complex crystal structures leading to intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity. In this Account, we present the structural characteristics and properties that are important for understanding the magnetic properties of rare earth transition metal intermetallics grown with group 13 and 14 metals. We present phases adopting the HoCoGa5 structure type and the homologous series. We also discuss the insertion of transition metals into the cuboctahedra of the AuCu3 structure type, leading to the synthetic strategy of selecting binaries to relate to ternary intermetallics adopting the Y4PdGa12 structure type. We provide examples of compounds adopting the ThMn12, NaZn13, SmZn11, CeCr2Al20, Ho6Mo4Al43, CeRu2Al10, and CeRu4Al16-x structure types grown with main-group-rich self-flux methods. We also discuss the phase stability of three related crystal structures containing atoms in similar chemical environments: ThMn12, CaCr2Al10, and YbFe2Al10. In

  6. Influence of cobalt content on the structure and hard magnetic properties of nanocomposite (Fe,Co)-Pt-B alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabias, A.; Kopcewicz, M.; Latuch, J.; Oleszak, D.; Pękała, M.; Kowalczyk, M.

    2017-07-01

    The influence of Co content on the structural and hard magnetic properties of two sets of nanocrystalline Fe52-xCoxPt28B20 (x = 0-26) and Fe60-yCoyPt25B15 (y = 0-40) alloys was studied. The alloys were prepared as ribbons by the rapid quenching technique. The nanocomposite structure in the alloys was obtained by annealing at 840-880 K for 30 min. Structural characterization of the samples was performed using the Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Magnetic properties of the samples were studied by the measurements of the hysteresis loops and of the magnetization at increasing temperatures. An amorphous phase prevailed in the as-quenched Fe52-xCoxPt28B20 alloys while a disordered solid solution of fcc-(Fe,Co)Pt was a dominating phase in the Fe60-yCoyPt25B15 ribbons. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements revealed one or two exothermic peaks at temperatures up to 993 K, depending on the composition of the alloys. Thermal treatment of the samples led to the formation of the magnetically hard ordered L10 tetragonal (Fe,Co)Pt nanocrystallites and magnetically softer phases of (Fe,Co)B (for Fe52-xCoxPt28B20) or (Fe,Co)2B (for Fe60-yCoyPt25B15). Detailed Mössbauer spectroscopy studies revealed that cobalt substituted for iron in both the L10 phase and in iron borides. The nanocomposite Fe60-yCoyPt25B15 alloys exhibited significantly larger magnetic remanence and maximum energy products but a smaller coercivity than those observed for the Fe52-xCoxPt28B20 alloys. Co addition caused a reduction of the magnetization and the energy product in both series of the alloys. The largest magnetic remanence of 0.87 T and the highest energy product (BH)max = 80 kJ/m3 were obtained for the Co-free Fe52Pt28B20 alloy while the largest coercivity (HC > 950 kA/m) was observed for the Fe50Co10Pt25B15 and Fe30Co30Pt25B15 alloys. Differences in the hard magnetic properties of the nanocomposite alloys were related to different phase compositions influencing the strength of

  7. Structural, Electrical, Magnetic and Resistive Switching Properties of the Multiferroic/Ferroelectric Bilayer Thin Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Cheng Kao

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Bi0.8Pr0.2Fe0.95Mn0.05O3/Bi3.96Gd0.04Ti2.95W0.05O12 (BPFMO/BGTWO bilayer thin films with Multiferroic/Ferroelectric (MF/FE structures were deposited onto Pt(111/Ti/SiO2/Si(100 substrates by using the sol-gel method with rapid thermal annealing. The BPFMO/BGTWO thin films exhibited well-saturated ferromagnetic and ferroelectric hysteresis loops because of the electro-magnetic coupling induced by the MF/FE structure. The remnant magnetization (2Mr and remnant polarization (2Pr were 4.6 emu/cm3 and 62 μC/cm2, respectively. Moreover, the bipolar I-V switching curves of BPFMO/BGTWO bilayer thin films resistive random access memory (RRAM devices were discussed, and investigated for LRS/HRS.

  8. Structural, electrical and magnetic properties of rare-earth and transition element co-doped bismuth ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verma, Vivek, E-mail: vermavivek.neel@gmail.com

    2015-08-25

    Highlights: • Sm-doping increases the symmetry and decreases the second phase formation. • Ferromagnetic, ferroelectric and dielectric properties enhanced with doping. • M–H loops represents weak ferromagnetic (FM) behavior. • A modification in dielectric constant is observed due to doping of Mn, Co and Cr. • Saturation polarization (P{sub s}), remnant polarization (P{sub r}) and coercive field (E{sub c}) increased with doping. - Abstract: Pure and doped multiferroic samples of bismuth ferrites (BFO) were successfully synthesized by the sol–gel technique. Detailed investigations were made on the influence of (Sm and Mn, Co, Cr) co-doping on structural, electrical, ferroelectric and magnetic properties of the BFO. A structural phase transformation from rhombohedral to orthorhombic with co-doping is confirmed through XRD. It is also observed that Sm-doping increases the symmetry and decreases the second phases noticeably. Microstructure investigation using the scanning electron microscope showed a reduction of grain size with doping in BFO. Magnetic hysteresis loops showed that retentivity (Mr), coercivity (Hc) and saturation magnetization (Ms) of the doped samples were improved. Furthermore, the co-doping enhances the dielectric properties as a result of the reduction in the Fe{sup 2+} ions and oxygen vacancies. The room temperature P–E loop study shows that ferroelectric properties are strongly depend on doping.

  9. Investigation of structural and magnetic properties of Zr-Co doped nickel ferrite nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Rajjab; Khan, Muhammad Azhar; Manzoor, Alina; Shahid, Muhammad; Haider, Sajjad; Malik, Abdul Sattar; Sher, Muhammad; Shakir, Imran; FarooqWarsi, Muhammad

    2017-05-01

    Nano-sized Zr-Co doped nickel ferrites with nominal composition, NiZrxCoxFe2-2xO4 (x=0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) were synthesized using the micro-emulsion route. The structural elucidation of the synthesized materials was carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The XRD analysis confirmed face centered cubic (FCC) structure of all compositions of NiZrxCoxFe2-2xO4 nanocrystallites. Crystallite size was calculated by Scherrer's formula found in the range 10-15 nm. The variation in lattice parameter as determined by XRD data agreed with size variation of host (Fe3+) and guest (Zr4+ and Co2+) cations. FTIR spectra of doped NiFe2O4 exhibited the typical octahedral bands at 528.4 cm-1 which is the characteristic feature of spinel structure of spinel ferrites. The characterized spinel NiZrxCoxFe2-2xO4 nano-ferrites were evaluated for their potential applications by magnetic hysteresis loops and dielectric measurements. The value of saturation magnetization (Ms) decreased from 47.9 to 13.09 emu/g up to x=0.8 with ups and downs fluctuations in between x=0.0 to x=0.8. The high values of Ms of some compositions predicted the potential applications in high density perpendicular recording media and microwave devices. The frequency dependent behavior of permittivity (ε') is recorded and discussed with the help of hopping mechanism of both holes and electrons. The dielectric and magnetic data of NiZrxCoxFe2-2xO4 nano-ferrites suggested the potential applications of these ferrite nanoparticles in high frequency and magnetic data storage devices fabrication.

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of layered perovskite manganite LaCaBiMn2O7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oubla M.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The layered perovskite oxide, LaCaBiMn2O7, has been prepared by the conventional aqueous solution precipitation method. The powder X-ray diffraction studies suggest that the phase crystallizes with tetragonal unit cell in the space group I4/mmm. The magnetic properties suggest that the ferromagnetic interactions are dominant and manganese ion in the phase is present in mixed valence states Mn3+and Mn4+. The thermomagnetization curve is found to obey the Bloch law. Spin wave stiffness constant D and the approximate value for JMnMnexchange interaction were estimated from the experimental results.

  11. Electronic and magnetic properties of MoSe2 armchair nanoribbons controlled by the different edge structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hui; Zhao, Xu; Gao, Yonghui; Wang, Haiyang; Wang, Tianxing; Wei, Shuyi

    2018-03-01

    Tow-dimensional materials obviously have potential applications in next-generation nanodevices because of their extraordinary physical and chemical properties and the demands of the market. Using first-principle calculation based on density functional theory, we explore electronic and magnetic properties of the different nanoribbons with various edge structures, namely, with hydrogenation or not. In addition, we also calculate the binding energy to analyze the stability of the nanoribbon. Our calculations tell us that the passivated nanoribbons have the positive binding energies, which indicates the passivated nanoribbons are relative stable and hydrogenation can improve the stability of the bare nanoribbons due to the reduction of the dangling bonds. Among of them, full hydrogenation has the highest stability. We find all the nanoribbons with full and without hydrogenation are nonmagnetic semiconductors. It is worth mentioning that hydrogenation can induce the bare nanoribbons to transform gradually from indirect band gap semiconductor to direct band gap semiconductor, even to half-metal. In addition, the magnetic moment of the bare nanoribbon change bit by bit as the rate of hydrogenation increases. When the edge atoms are fully hydrogenated, the magnetic moment return to zero. What's more, our research results still confirm that electronic and magnetic properties of the nanorribons without and with different edge passivation are mainly contributed by the atoms at the edges. These studies about MoSe2 nanoribbons will shed light on the further development of the relevant nanodevices in versatile applications, such as spintronics and energy harvesting.

  12. Electronic, magnetic and structural properties of Co3O4 (100) surface: a DFT+U study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, Ameerul Hazeeq; Zayed, Ala'Omar Hasan; Zain, Sharifuddin Md; Lee, Vannajan Sanghiran; Said, Suhana Mohd

    2018-01-01

    The three most stable (100), (110), and (111) surfaces exposed by Co3O4 are effective catalysts for various oxidation reactions. Among these surfaces, (100) has not yet received ample attention. In this study, we investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Co3O4 (100) surface using density functional theory calculations. By considering both stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric surface structures of the two possible terminations, A and B. Besides the greater stability of the newly proposed stoichiometric models compared to nonstoichiometric models reported in previous studies, the results show that the B termination is energetically preferred over the entire range of oxygen chemical potentials. Unlike the bulk, Co3+ octahedral ions become magnetic at the surface, which leads to interesting surface magnetic properties. Density of states (DOS) indicate a small band gap of 1.15 eV for the B-stoichiometric model, due to the presence of surface states in the bulk band gap. More polar surface with a very narrow band gap is found in the A-nonstoichiometric model. These surface states may play an important role in the magnetism and metallicity observed experimentally in several Co3O4 systems.

  13. Influence of magnetic field-aided filler orientation on structure and transport properties of ferrite filled composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goc, K., E-mail: Kamil.Goc@fis.agh.edu.pl [Department of Solid State Physics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 Mickiewicza Street, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Gaska, K.; Klimczyk, K.; Wujek, A.; Prendota, W.; Jarosinski, L. [Department of Solid State Physics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 Mickiewicza Street, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Rybak, A.; Kmita, G. [ABB Corporate Research Center, 13A Starowislna Street, 31-038 Krakow (Poland); Kapusta, Cz. [Department of Solid State Physics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 Mickiewicza Street, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)

    2016-12-01

    Epoxy resins are materials commonly used for insulations and encapsulations due to their easy processing process and mechanical strength. For their applications in power industry and electronics the effective heat dissipation is essential, thus their thermal conductivity is one of the most important properties. Introduction of appropriate dielectric powders, preferably in an ordered way, can increase the thermal conductivity of the polymer while keeping its good electrical insulation properties. In this work we used strontium ferrite as a filler to study the evolution of the filler particles distribution in the fluid before curing. Magnetic ferrite particles were dispersed in liquid epoxy resin and formation of chain-like or more complex structures under applied external magnetic field was observed and investigated. Computer simulations made show that with increasing magnetic field these structures are characterized by longer chains, higher speed of particles displacement and stronger structural anisotropy. However, for highly-filled systems, stronger inter-particle interactions make the alignment process less effective. The effective thermal conductivity simulated with FEM methods increases with increasing filler content and the percolation threshold in aligned systems is achieved at lower filler concentrations than for reference isotropic samples. The results are compared with the experimental data and a good qualitative agreement is obtained. - Highlights: • Influence of magnetic field on the particle chains in epoxy composites is analysed. • Strontium ferrite fillers with good thermal and low electrical conductivity. • Influence of interparticle interactions for agglomeration efficiency. • The impact of chains formed on the heat transfer by creating conductive paths. • Connection between structural anisotropy and transport properties anisotropy.

  14. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of (N, C)-codoped ZnO nanotube: First principles study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmailian, Amirhosein; Shahrokhi, Masoud; Kanjouri, Faramarz

    2015-04-01

    We have studied the electronic structure and magnetic properties of Nitrogen and Carbon codoped ZnO (5,0) single-walled zigzag nanotube using first-principle calculations based on the density functional theory. We performed our calculations for N- and C- codoping ZnO nanotube in two different configurations. For the first configuration in which the two impurity atoms (N or C) are on first nearest-neighbor sites in the plane of codoping, our calculation predicts that the N- and C-codoped ZnO nanotubes are antiferromagnetic material with no net magnetization. On the other hand, it is found that for the configuration in which the two impurity atoms are next nearest-neighbors, a spin polarization results in a magnetic moment in the N- and C-codoped ZnO nanotubes.

  15. Structural and magnetic properties of planar nanowire arrays of Co grown on oxidized vicinal silicon (111) templates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, S. K.; O'Dowd, B. J.; Nistor, C.; Balashov, T.; Ballesteros, B.; Lodi Rizzini, A.; Kavich, J. J.; Dhesi, S. S.; Gambardella, P.; Shvets, I. V.

    2012-04-01

    We fabricated planar arrays of Co nanowires (NWs) on oxidized step-bunched Si (111) templates using shallow angle deposition. These planar NW arrays exhibit ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature for NW widths down to 25 nm. The NWs possess polycrystalline character with hcp-crystal structure, and present a lightly oxidized interface when capped with MgO. The magnetic anisotropy of the NW array is dominated by the shape anisotropy, which keeps the magnetization in-plane with easy axis parallel to the wires. By reducing the inter-wire separation, we obtain NW arrays with reduced coercivity demonstrating the importance of magneto-static interactions in determining the magnetic properties of the NWs.

  16. Structural and magnetic properties of ZnFe2-xInxO4 nanoparticles synthesized by solution combustion method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasheminiasari, M.; Masoudpanah, S. M.; Mirkazemi, S. M.; Bayat, F.

    2017-11-01

    ZnFe2-xInxO4 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15) nanoparticles have been prepared by solution combustion synthesis method. The effects of In3+ substitution on the cation distribution between tetrahedral and octahedral sites in the spinel structure, and on the magnetic properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer methods. The results showed that the indium preferentially occupied the tetrahedral sites and pushed Fe3+ cations to the octahedral sites. The magnetic measurements revealed that the saturation magnetization decreased from 11.8 to 2.2 emu/g, because of the reduction in total moments with the In3+ substitution and redistribution of cations between the tetrahedral and octahedral sites.

  17. Comparative investigation of CuFe2O4 nano and microstructures for structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raja, G.; Gopinath, S.; Raj, R. Azhagu; Shukla, Arun K.; Alhoshan, Mansour S.; Sivakumar, K.

    2016-09-01

    CuFe2O4 nanocrystals were synthesized by the sol-gel method (SGM) and microwave method (MM) by using sucrose as a fuel. The structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of the products were determined and characterized in detail by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD results confirmed the formation of cubic phase CuFe2O4. The formation of CuFe2O4 nano and microstructures were confirmed by HR-SEM. Photoluminescence emissions were determined by PL spectra, respectively. The relatively high saturation magnetization (78.22 emu/g) of CuFe2O4-MM shows that it is ferromagnetic and low saturation magnetization (35.98 emu/g) of CuFe2O4O-SGM confirms the super paramagnetic behavior.

  18. Structure-Controllable Synthesis of Multiferroic YFeO₃ Nanopowders and Their Optical and Magnetic Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Meng; Wang, Ting; Song, Shenhua; Tan, Manlin

    2017-06-07

    Phase-pure hexagonal and orthorhombic YFeO₃ nanopowders are synthesized by low-temperature solid-state reaction along with Zr doping. The obtained powders are characterized by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and physical property measurements. The hexagonal YFeO₃ exhibits a narrower optical band gap in comparison to the orthorhombic one, while the orthorhombic YFeO₃ presents better magnetic properties. The formation of hexagonal or orthorhombic phase can be effectively controlled by Zr doping. The temperature range of synthesizing the hexagonal YFeO₃ nanopowders is increased by ~200 °C due to Zr doping so that they can be easily synthesized, which possesses a finer particle size and a smaller optical band gap, making it favorable for optical applications.

  19. The Effect of Nd Content Variation on Crystal Structure and Microstructure to Improve Magnetic Properties Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusnaeni, Nenen; Sarjono, Priyo; Taufik; Hanifah; Muljadi

    2017-07-01

    Nd2Fe14B magnet powder has been fabricated by mixing Fe, B, and Nd powder based on their stoichiometric proportion at 650°C for 2 hours. Heat treatment series were applied at 720°C for one hour and continued with annealing at 100°C for 4 hours on different Nd stoichiometric variations; 26.6 %wt, 32.6 %wt, and 40.6 %wt. The results obtained from the X-ray Diffraction (XRD) phase analysis of Nd-rich Nd-Fe-B alloy suggested that the alloy has monophasic composition with hard magnetic Nd2Fe14B phase as a composition. The mean of the crystal grain size was determined using XRD analysis, while the microstructure and composition of the alloys were analyzed using the Scanning Electron Microscope - Energy Dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX). The magnetic properties characterization were determined using the Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), which indicates that the sample with 40.6 %wt Nd was able to achieve the highest remanence of 446.50 G and BHmax of 17.83 kGOe. Despite the high remanence result, the coercivity and BHmax value of the third sample was still lower than the commercial’s but has adequate potential value.

  20. Effect of size on structural, optical and magnetic properties of SnO2 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thamarai Selvi, E.; Meenakshi Sundar, S.

    2017-07-01

    Tin Oxide (SnO2) nanostructures were synthesized by a microwave oven assisted solvothermal method using with and without cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) capping agent. XRD confirmed the pure rutile-type tetragonal phase of SnO2 for both uncapped and capped samples. The presence of functional groups was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Scanning electron microscopy shows the morphology of the samples. Transmission electron microscopy images exposed the size of the SnO2 nanostructures. Surface defect-related g factor of SnO2 nanoparticles using fluorescence spectroscopy is shown. For both uncapped and capped samples, UV-visible spectrum shows a blue shift in absorption edge due to the quantum confinement effect. Defect-related bands were identified by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The magnetic properties were studied by using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). A high value of magnetic moment 0.023 emu g-1 at room temperature for uncapped SnO2 nanoparticles was observed. Capping with CTAB enhanced the saturation magnetic moment to high value of 0.081 emu g-1 by altering the electronic configuration on the surface.

  1. Effect of particle size on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of manganese substituted nickel ferrite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, E. Ranjith, E-mail: ranjueaswar@gmail.com [Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya, Swami Shivananda Higher Secondary School, Coimbatore- 641020, Tamil Nadu (India); Kamzin, Aleksandr S. [Ioffe Physical–Technical Institute of RAS, St.-Petersburg 194026 (Russian Federation); Prakash, T. [Department of Science and Humanities, Tamilnadu College of Engineering, Karumathampatti, Coimbatore-641 659, Tamil Nadu (India)

    2015-03-15

    Mn substituted NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite nanoparticles (Mn–NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) were synthesized by the auto-combustion method. Their actions were carried out at different fuel ratios (50%, 75% and 100%). The nanoparticles have been investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The average crystallite size of the synthesized and annealed samples was between 25 and 75 nm, which were found to be dependent on both fuel ratio and annealing temperatures. However, lattice parameters, interplanar spacing and grain size were controlled by varying the fuel ratio. Magnetic characterizations of the nanoparticles were carried out using a vibrating sample magnetometer at room temperature. The saturation magnetization was computed and found to lie between 6 emu/g and 57 emu/g depending on the particle size of the studied sample. The coercivity was found to exhibit non-monotonic behavior with the particle size. Such behavior can be accounted for by the combination between surface anisotropy and thermal energies. The value of dielectric constant and dielectric loss was found to exhibit almost linear dependence on the particle size. - Highlights: • An auto-combustion method support to prepare less size of particles. • The excellent magnetic properties obtained by as-burnt samples. • Nature of the ferrite was affected with increasing annealing temperature.

  2. Effect of Sintering Temperature to Physical, Magnetic Properties and Crystal Structure on Permanent Magnet BaFe12O19 Prepared From Mill Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramlan; Muljadi; Sardjono, Priyo; Gulo, Fakhili; Setiabudidaya, Dedi

    2017-07-01

    Permanent magnet of Barium hexa Ferrite with formula BaFe12O19 has been made by metallurgy powder method from raw materials : Barium carbonate (BaCO3 E-merck) and Iron Oxide (Fe2O3 from mill scale). Both of raw materials have been mixed with stoichiometry composition by using a ball mill for 24 hours. The fine powder obtained from milling process was formed by using a hydraulic press at pressure 50 MPa and continued with sintering process. The sintering temperature was varied : 1150°C, 1200°C, 1250°C and 1300°C with holding time for 1 hour. The sintered samples were characterized such as : physical properties (bulk density, porosity and shrinkage), magnetic properties (flux density, remanence, coercivity and magnetic saturation) by using VSM and crystal structure by using XRD. According characterization results show that the crystal structure of BaFe12O19 does not change after sintering process, but the grain size tends to increase. The optimum condition is achieved at temperature 1250°C, and at this condition, the sample has characterization such as : bulk density = 4.35 g/cm3, porosity = 1.03% and firing shrinkage = 11.63%, flux density = 681.1 Gauss, remanence (σr) = 20.78 emu/g, coercivity (Hc) = 2058 Oe and magnetic saturation (σs) 45.16 emu/g.

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of the iron substituted lithium-manganese spinel oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolska, E.; Nowicki, W.; Darul, J.; Piszora, P. [Adam Mickiewicz Univ., Lab. of Magnetochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Poznan (Poland); Tovar, M. [Hahn Meitner Institute, Berlin (Germany); Andrzejewski, B. [Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan (Poland); Knapp, M. [Darmstadt University of Technology, Institute of Materials Science (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    Most studies on the lithium-manganese oxide as a cathode material have concentrated on the stabilization of the cubic spinel structure, mainly by doping other transition metal ions into LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} lattice. Partial substitution of Fe{sup 3+} ions for Mn{sup 3+} restrains the Jahn-Teller effect, owing to the reduction of Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} ratio. In LiFe{sub 0.1}Mn{sub 1.9}O{sub 4} spinel oxide the phase transitions from cubic to orthorhombic and/or tetragonal structure, appearing for LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} below the room temperature, may be totally suppressed. The changes in stoichiometry of LiFe{sub x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} system, modify the sequence of phase transitions and lower the transition temperature. A superexchange magnetic interaction between the Mn ions via oxygen atoms alters, with the Fe{sup 3+} - content in Li{sub x}Mn{sub 3-x}O{sub 4} increasing from x = 0.0-0.1, showing the antiferromagnetic ordering at very low temperature. The Neel point increases from 7 to 27 K. Effect of Fe{sup 3+} ions substitution in the LiFe{sub x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} system on its low-temperature structural phase transitions, have been investigated using high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and the magnetic susceptibility measurements. Divergences appear in the interpretation of magnetic structure on the basis of experimental results, acquired from neutron diffraction data, and obtained from the direct current susceptibility measurements. (authors)

  4. Study of structural, electrical and magnetic properties of Cr doped Ni–Mg ferrite nanoparticle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashim, Mohd, E-mail: md.hashim09@gmail.com [Department of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002 (India); Meena, S.S. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Kotnala, R.K. [National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110 012 (India); Shirsath, Sagar E. [Spin Device Technology Centre, Department of Information Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano 380-8553 (Japan); Roy, Aashis S. [Department of Materials Science, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585 106, Karnataka (India); Parveen, Ameena [Department of Physics, Govt. First Grade College, Gurmitkal Yadgir 585 214, Karnataka (India); Bhatt, Pramod [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Kumar, Shalendra [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon, Gyeongnam 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Jotania, R.B. [Department of Physics, University School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad 380 009 (India); Kumar, Ravi [Centre for Material Science Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur 171 005, HP (India); Alimuddin [Department of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002 (India)

    2014-07-25

    Highlights: • Our studies reveal that the all samples (x = 0.0–1.0) have mixed spinel structure. • The lattice constant and H{sub hf} decrease with increasing Cr{sup 3+} ions. • Cr{sup 3+} ions occupy at B-site confirmed by Mössbauer spectroscopy. • Line width of both the sextets increase with increasing Cr{sup 3+} ions. • The ac resistivity decreases with increasing the frequency. - Abstract: We have reported the effect of Cr{sup 3+} ion doping on the structural, ac transport and Mössbauer spectral studies of ferrite nanoparticles Ni{sub 0.5}Mg{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Cr{sub x}O{sub 4} (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0) prepared by sol–gel auto combustion technique. The micro-structural studies of the samples were obtained by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The dependence of Mössbauer parameters, viz., line width, isomer shift, quadrupole splitting and hyperfine magnetic field on Cr{sup 3+} substitution have been analysed. Hyperfine magnetic field and isomer shift values decreases whereas line width increases with Cr{sup 3+} substitution. Rietveld refinement and Mössbauer spectroscopy studies reveal that the Ni{sub 0.5}Mg{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Cr{sub x}O{sub 4} with various concentrations of x belongs to mixed spinel structure. Nèel’s molecular field model is used to explain the variation of hyperfine magnetic field with increasing Cr{sup 3+} substitution.

  5. Influence of Ni{sup 2+} substitution on the structural, dielectric and magnetic properties of Cu–Cd ferrite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashim, Mohd., E-mail: md.hashim09@gmail.com [Department of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002 (India); Alimuddin [Department of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002 (India); Shirsath, Sagar E. [Spin Device Technology Centre, Department of Information Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano 380-8553 (Japan); Kotnala, R.K. [National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr. K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110 012 (India); Meena, Sher Singh [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Kumar, Shalendra [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790 784 (Korea, Republic of); Roy, Aashis [Department of Materials Science, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585106, Karnataka (India); Jotania, R.B. [Department of Physics, University School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad 380 009 (India); Bhatt, Pramod [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Kumar, Ravi [Centre for Material Science Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, HP 171 005 (India)

    2013-10-05

    Highlights: •XRD and IR measurements reveal the formation of Cu–Cd–FeO in spinel phase. •The dielectric response shows decreasing trend while resistivity increases with enhancing the doping ion content. •Temperature dependent magnetization study shows that the magnetization and Curie temperature increases with increase in Ni{sup 2+} substitution. -- Abstract: Nanoparticles with compositions of Cu{sub 0.4−0.5x}Cd{sub 0.2}Ni{sub 0.4+x}Fe{sub 2−0.5x}O{sub 4} (0.0 ⩽ x ⩽ 0.5) were successfully synthesized by a citrate–nitrate sol–gel auto combustion route. The combusted powder was calcinated at four hours in a furnace and then slowly cooled to room temperature. The analysis methods of FTIR, XRD, FESEM, VSM and dielectric measurements were used to characterize prepared magnetic particles. The effect of Ni{sup 2+} substitution on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of Cu–Cd ferrite nanoparticles was studied. The comprehensive studies on compositional and frequency dependent dielectric properties were carried out by means of AC conductivity (σ{sub ac}), imaginary dielectric constant (ε′′), loss tangent (tan δ), impedance and dielectric modulus (real and imaginary) measurements in frequency range of 50 Hz–5 MHz at room temperature. The structural properties investigated by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction pattern and FTIR results revealed that synthesized samples are in single phase. It is observed that the dielectric constant (ε′′) and dielectric loss (tan δ) value decreases with increase in Ni{sup 2+} concentration (x). At low frequency the Maxwell type interfacial polarization was observed. Magnetization measurement shows that the Curie temperature of the samples increases with Ni{sup 2+} concentration, which is explained by a change in the A–O–B super exchange interaction.

  6. Tuning magnetic properties of non-collinear magnetization configuration in Pt/[Pt/Co]{sub 6}/Pt/Co/Pt multilayer structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalaycı, Taner, E-mail: taner.kalayci@marmara.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Marmara University, 34722, Kadıköy, Istanbul (Turkey); Deger, Caner [Department of Physics, Marmara University, 34722, Kadıköy, Istanbul (Turkey); Akbulut, Salih [Department of Physics, Gebze Technical University, 41400, Gebze, Kocaeli (Turkey); Yildiz, Fikret, E-mail: fyildiz@gtu.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Gebze Technical University, 41400, Gebze, Kocaeli (Turkey)

    2017-08-15

    Highlights: • Effects of Pt spacer and reference layers thickness are investigated by MOKE and FMR. • Controlling of non-collinear states in multilayered thin film systems is studied. • Micromagnetic approach is used for modeling of magnetic multilayered structure. • Magnetic parameters are determined by a simulation based on metropolis algorithm. - Abstract: In this study, effects of Pt spacer and Co reference layers thickness in [Co/Pt]{sub 6}/Pt/Co multilayer have been revealed to tailor magnetization directions in non-collinear configuration. Magneto-optic Kerr effect and ferromagnetic resonance techniques were employed to investigate magnetic properties. Bilinear coupling between [Co/Pt]{sub 6} and Co layers and anisotropy constants were determined by a micromagnetic simulation based on metropolis algorithm. 3 nm spacer causes ferromagnetic coupling while the samples have 4 and 5 nm spacer are coupled anti-ferromagneticaly. Also, tuning magnetic anisotropy of [Co/Pt]{sub 6} layer was accomplished by Co reference layer. It is revealed that controlling of non-collinear states in such systems is possible by variation of thickness of spacer and reference layers and [Co/Pt]{sub 6}/t{sub Pt}/t{sub Co} trilayer system can be used in multilayered magnetic systems.

  7. Effect of crystallization annealing under loading on the magnetic properties and the structure of a soft magnetic FeSiNbCuB alloy doped with chromium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ershov, N. V.; Fedorov, V. I.; Chernenkov, Yu. P.; Lukshina, V. A.; Shishkin, D. A.

    2017-09-01

    The changes of quasi-static magnetic hysteresis loops and X-ray diffraction patterns of the Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 doped to 10 at % chromium instead of iron have been studied to elucidate the influence of the thermomechanical treatment consisting of annealing and cooling of the alloy under the tensile stress (tensile-stress annealing (TSA)) on the magnetic properties and the structure of these alloys. It is shown that the treatment results in the induction of the magnetic anisotropy of the hard axis type at which the magnetization reversal along the direction of applying the external stress during annealing is hampered. The energy of the induced magnetic anisotropy decreases as the chromium content increases. During TSA, the nanocrystal lattices are deformed, and the deformation is retained after cooling. The interplanar spacings increase along the extension direction and decrease in the transverse direction. The deformation anisotropy is observed for crystallographic directions. The anisotropic deformation of the bcc lattice of nanocrystals with high content of the ordered Fe3Si phase characterized by a negative magnetoelastic interaction is the cause of formation of the state with the transverse magnetic anisotropy of the hard axis type.

  8. Tunable electronic structures and magnetic properties in two-dimensional stanene with hydrogenation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Sheng-shi; Zhang, Chang-wen, E-mail: zhchwsd@163.com

    2016-04-15

    Based on tight-binding model and first-principles calculations, we systematically investigate the geometric, electronic, and magnetic properties of hydrogenated stanene. The results indicate that the half-hydrogenation breaks the π-bondings of stanene, leaving π electrons in unsaturated Sn atoms localized and unpaired, which makes it transform into half-metal (HM) with room-temperature ferromagnetism. Especially, the magnetism of hydrogenated stanene can be effectively tuned by different rates of coverage for hydrogen atoms. While for the case of full-hydrogenated stanene, two different configurations exhibit the nature of semiconductor and semimetal, respectively, which is dependent on the arrangement of hydrogen atoms. We also find that the band gaps of stanane bilayer and monolayer can be effectively modulated by external electric field and strain. These findings demonstrate that hydrogenation is an efficient way to tune the electronic properties of stanene, and it provides a new perspective for the potential application in nanoelectronics. - Highlights: • Room temperature ferromagnetism in half hydrogenated stanene. • The effects of the ratio of hydrogenation and electric field. • Tunable band gaps of stanane by external factor.

  9. Template-free synthesis of sub-micrometric cobalt fibers with controlled shape and structure. Characterization and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lakhdar, Allagui [Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Lamellaires et Nano-Matériaux Hybrides, Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte, Université de Carthage, 7021 Bizerte (Tunisia); Borges, Joao P. [i3N/CENIMAT, Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Campus de Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Ben Haj Amara, Abdesslam [Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Lamellaires et Nano-Matériaux Hybrides, Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte, Université de Carthage, 7021 Bizerte (Tunisia); Dakhlaoui-Omrani, Amel, E-mail: dakhlaoui_amel@yahoo.fr [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Arts-Khulais, University of Jeddah, Khulais, P. O. Box 355, Postal Code 21921 (Saudi Arabia); Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National des Recherches en Sciences des Matériaux, Technopôle de Bordj Cedria, BP 73, 8027 Soliman (Tunisia)

    2017-03-01

    Sub-micrometric Co fibers were prepared via a modified polyol process at 90 °C under an external magnetic field of about 550 Oe, using ethelyne glycol as solvent and hydrazine as reducing agent. The structure, the size and the morphology of the as-elaborated products were highly controlled through properly monitoring the synthesis parameters (amount of NaOH added, the amount of the reducing agent, precursor’ concentration and precursors mixing protocol). The XRD characterization confirmed the formation of pure cobalt powders with either hexagonal compact (hcp) or face-centered-cubic (fcc) structure depending on the concentration of the metal precursor and sodium hydroxide. The scanning electron microscopy observations of the powders shows sub-micrometric fibers with about 0.4–0.6 µm in diameter and a length that could reach 15 µm. Fibers prepared at high reducing ratio were constituted of flower-like spheres that coalesce in the direction of the applied magnetic field. For their high contact surface, these fibers offer new opportunities for catalysis applications. The hysteresis loop measurements show an enhancement of the Hc of the as-obtained fibers compared to their bulk counterparts and permit to confirm the relationship between the structure and the magnetic properties of the materials. - Highlights: • Template free synthesis of cobalt sub-micrometric fibers. • High control of the structure the structure, the size and the morphology of the products through properly monitoring the synthesis parameters. • cobalt sub-micrometric fibers with enhanced magnetic properties compared to bulk cobalt.

  10. Influence of La3+ Substitution on Structure, Morphology and Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Ni-Zn Ferrite.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y K Dasan

    Full Text Available Lanthanum substituted Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles (Ni0.5Zn0.5LaxFe1-xO4; 0.00 ≤x≤ 1.00 synthesized by sol-gel method were presented. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal the typical single phase spinel cubic ferrite structure, with the traces of secondary phase for lanthanum substituted nanocrystals. In addition, the structural analysis also demonstrates that the average crystallite size varied in the range of 21-25 nm. FTIR spectra present the two prominent absorption bands in the range of 400 to 600 cm-1 which are the fingerprint region of all ferrites. Surface morphology of both substituted and unsubstituted Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticle samples was studied using FESEM technique and it indicates a significant increase in the size of spherical shaped particles with La3+ substitution. Magnetic properties of all samples were analyzed using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM. The results revealed that saturation magnetization (Ms and coercivity (Hc of La3+ substituted samples has decreased as compared to the Ni-Zn ferrite samples. Hence, the observed results affirm that the lanthanum ion substitution has greatly influenced the structural, morphology and magnetic properties of Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles.

  11. Influence of magnetic field-aided filler orientation on structure and transport properties of ferrite filled composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goc, K.; Gaska, K.; Klimczyk, K.; Wujek, A.; Prendota, W.; Jarosinski, L.; Rybak, A.; Kmita, G.; Kapusta, Cz.

    2016-12-01

    Epoxy resins are materials commonly used for insulations and encapsulations due to their easy processing process and mechanical strength. For their applications in power industry and electronics the effective heat dissipation is essential, thus their thermal conductivity is one of the most important properties. Introduction of appropriate dielectric powders, preferably in an ordered way, can increase the thermal conductivity of the polymer while keeping its good electrical insulation properties. In this work we used strontium ferrite as a filler to study the evolution of the filler particles distribution in the fluid before curing. Magnetic ferrite particles were dispersed in liquid epoxy resin and formation of chain-like or more complex structures under applied external magnetic field was observed and investigated. Computer simulations made show that with increasing magnetic field these structures are characterized by longer chains, higher speed of particles displacement and stronger structural anisotropy. However, for highly-filled systems, stronger inter-particle interactions make the alignment process less effective. The effective thermal conductivity simulated with FEM methods increases with increasing filler content and the percolation threshold in aligned systems is achieved at lower filler concentrations than for reference isotropic samples. The results are compared with the experimental data and a good qualitative agreement is obtained.

  12. Brownmillerite CaCoO2.5: Synthesis, Re-entrant Structural Transitions and Magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Junjie; Zheng, Hong; Malliakas, Christos; Allred, Jared; Ren, Yang; Li, Qing'an; Han, Tianheng; Mitchell, John

    2015-03-01

    Cobalt oxides attract both fundamental and technological attention due to their physical properties including thermoelectricity, giant magnetoresistance, superconductivity and multiferroicity. Here we report the first synthesis of CaCoO2.5 single crystals using a high pressure optical-image floating zone technique. We find that it is an ordered oxygen-deficient perovskite of the brownmillerite type, and it undergoes an unprecedented re-entrant structural phase transitions (Pcmb --> P2/c11 --> P121/m1 --> Pcmb) with decreasing temperature. We describe its temperature-dependent structural, thermal, and magnetic properties, including AFM ordering near 240 K, with a weakly spin canted ferromagnet ground state below 140 K. The magnetic response of CaCoO2.5 depends markedly on the cooling rate and field history. Magnetization data also imply the potential of a distinct, field-induced phase arising uniquely from the P121/m1 structure, revealed as kinetically trapped by a rapid-cooling protocol. Work in the Materials Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Science and Engineering.

  13. Synthesis, structures, and magnetic properties of metal-coordination polymers with benzenepentacarboxylate linkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin-Yi; Sevov, Slavi C

    2008-02-04

    Three hybrid organic-inorganic coordination polymers with benzenepentacarboxylate (BPCA) linkers, [Co3(C6H(COO)5)(OH)(H2O)3] (1-Co), [Zn3(C6H(COO)5)(OH)(H2O)3] (2-Zn), and [Co5(C6H(COO)5)2(H2O)12].(H2O)12 (3-Co), were synthesized hydrothermally and were characterized structurally and magnetically. 1-Co and 2-Zn are isostructural [C2/c; Z=8; 1-Co, a=19.5350(6) A, b=10.4494(4) A, and c=13.2353(5) A, beta=97.2768(8) degrees; 2-Zn, a=19.5418(9) A, b=10.3220(10) A, and c=13.4660(10) A, beta=98.455(10) degrees] with three-dimensional structures that contain [M6] secondary building units bridged by BPCA ligands. A different cobalt-based compound, 3-Co, forms at lower pH and lower reaction temperature. Its structure [P21/c; Z=2; a=12.6162(2) A, b=11.3768(2) A, and c=15.3401(3) A, beta=91.539(1) degrees] is a more loosely packed framework with free (noncoordinated) carboxylic groups pointing at water-filled cavities in the framework. The magnetic phase diagram of 1-Co established through detailed magnetic measurements shows a metamagnetic transition below TN=3.8 K. The less-packed compound 3-Co, on the other hand, remains paramagnetic above 1.9 K. The three compounds are the first examples of coordination polymers with benzenepentacarboxylate linkers and fill the gap of coordination polymers involving benzenepolycarboxylate linkers of the general type C6H6-n(COOH)n, where n=2-6.

  14. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of 3d metal trioxide clusters-doped monolayer graphene: A first-principles study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafique, Muhammad; Shuai, Yong; Tan, He-Ping; Hassan, Muhammad

    2017-03-01

    We present first-principles density-functional calculations for the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of monolayer graphene doped with 3d (Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Co, Mn and Ni) metal trioxide TMO3 halogen clusters. In this paper we used two approaches for 3d metal trioxide clusters (i) TMO3 halogen cluster was embedded in monolayer graphene substituting four carbon (C) atoms (ii) three C atoms were substituted by three oxygen (O) atoms in one graphene ring and TM atom was adsorbed at the hollow site of O atoms substituted graphene ring. All the impurities were tightly bonded in the graphene ring. In first case of TMO3 doped graphene layer, the bond length between Csbnd O atom was reduced and bond length between TM-O atom was increased. In case of Cr, Fe, Co and Ni atoms substitution in between the O atoms, leads to Fermi level shifting to conduction band thereby causing the Dirac cone to move into valence band, however a band gap appears at high symmetric K-point. In case of TiO3 and VO3 substitution, system exhibits semiconductor properties. Interestingly, TiO3-substituted system shows dilute magnetic semiconductor behavior with 2.00 μB magnetic moment. On the other hand, the substitution of CoO3, CrO3, FeO3 and MnO3 induced 1.015 μB, 2.347 μB, 2.084 μB and 3.584 μB magnetic moment, respectively. In second case of O atoms doped in graphene and TM atoms adsorbed at the hollow site, the O atom bulges out of graphene plane and bond length between TM-O atom is increased. After TM atoms adsorption at the O substituted graphene ring the Fermi level (EF) shifts into conduction band. In case of Cr and Ni adsorption, system displays indirect band gap semiconductor properties with 0.0 μB magnetic moment. Co adsorption exhibits dilute magnetic semiconductor behavior producing 0.916 μB magnetic moment. Fe, Mn, Ti and V adsorption introduces band gap at high symmetric K-point also inducing 1.54 μB, 0.9909 μB, 1.912 μB, and 0.98 μB magnetic moments, respectively

  15. Structural and magnetic properties of polycrystalline La2NiMnO6 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh, Pittala; Laxmi, K. Vijaya; Bhat, Shwetha G.; Kumar, P. S. Anil

    2017-07-01

    Polycrystalline thin films of La2NiMnO6 (LNMO) are deposited successfully on SiO2/Si substrates using pulsed laser deposition technique. Structural characterization using X-ray diffraction confirms the formation of a single phase with P21/n space group. Cross-sectional FE-SEM shows the film thickness ˜195 nm. The deposition temperature and the oxygen pressure played a crucial role determining the crystallization behavior and the magnetic transition temperatures. The ferromagnetic transition temperature is achieved to be ˜277 K by optimizing the deposition conditions.

  16. Investigation of doping and particle size effect on structural, magnetic and magnetoresistance properties of manganites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hakimi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available  In this paper after introduction of manganites, we have studied the effect of particle size and doping on structural, magnetic and magnetoresistance of LSMO manganite samples. The magnetoresistance measurements show that, by decreasing the particle size LFMR increases. Also the results show that the LFMR increases at low doping levels and decreases at high doping levels. The spin dependent tunneling and scattering at the grain boundaries is the origin of increasing the LFMR at low doping levels. Also the substitution of impurity ions at Mn sites and subsequently weaking of double exchange is responsible for decreasing of LFMR at high doping level.

  17. Three-dimensional metal azide coordination polymers with amino carboxylate coligands: synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zi-Lu; Jiang, Chun-Fang; Yan, Wei-Hong; Liang, Fu-Pei; Batten, Stuart R

    2009-06-01

    The reaction of M(II) ions with azido ligands in the presence of different amino carboxylic acids gave four three-dimensional metal-azido coordination polymers, [Mn(3,5-daba)(N(3))](n) (1), [Cd(3,5-daba)(N(3))](n) (2; 3,5-daba = 3,5-diaminobenzoate), [Mn(4-aba)(N(3))](n) (3; 4-aba = 4-aminobenzoate), and [Cu(2)(gly)(2)(N(3))(2)](n) (4; gly = glycinate), which display different topological structures. Polymers 1 and 2 present 4,6-connected 3D networks with different Schlafli symbols. However, 3 and 4 feature an unprecedented trinodal 3,6-connected network with the Schlafli symbol (4(2).6)(4.6(2))(4(3).6(6).8(6)) and an unusual 4-connected 3D net with the Lonsdaleite (hexagonal diamond) topology, respectively. Magnetic susceptibility measurements revealed dominant antiferromagnetic couplings for 1 and 3 and an overall dominant ferromagnetic coupling for 4, which presents metamagnetic behavior with a magnetic phase transition at a critical temperature of 6 K and a transition field of ca. 6030 Oe. The results demonstrate that the EE azido and syn-anti carboxylato bridges in our cases induce an antiferomagnetic interaction, and the anti-anti carboxylato bridge in 4 mediates a ferromagnetic interaction. The magnetic interaction through the EO azido bridge in 3 and 4 has a dependence on the value of the M-N-M bond angle.

  18. Magnetic Properties and Structural Study of Ni-Co/Cu Multilayers Prepared by Electrodeposition Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Jafari Fesharaki

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ni-Co/Cu multilayers have been grown by electrodeposition method from a single electrolyte (based on Ni(SO4.6H2O, Co(SO4.7H2O, Cu(SO4 and H3BO3 using galvanostatic control on titanium sublayers. The X-ray diffraction (XRD patterns confirmed the multilayered structure with the nanometer thicknesses. Also, electron diffraction x-ray (EDX  analysis confirmed the purity of deposited samples. The morphology of the samples was estimated by scanning electron microscope (SEM. Magnetoresistance (MR measurements were carried out at room temperature for the Ni-Co/Cu multilayers by measuring the resistivity in a magnetic fields varying between ±6kOe as a function of the Ni-Co and Cu layer thicknesses; (1 dCu(nm 4 and 3 dNi-Cu(nm 5. The Maximum value of giant magnetoresistance (GMR was obtained when the Ni-Co and Cu thicknesses were 4.0nm and 4.0nm respectively. The hysteresis loop of the samples at room temperature was studied using an alternating gradient force magnetometer (AGFM. Finally, the temperature dependence of magnetization for Ni-Co/Cu multilayers; (dNi-Cu(4nm/dCu(2nm and dNi-Cu(3nm/dCu(3nm measured by Faraday balance and decreasing the magnetization with increasing the temperature discussed according to electron scattering due to spin fluctuation.

  19. Structure and magnetic properties of irradiated Fe/Fe oxide core-shell nanoclusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCloy, John S.; Jiang, Weilin; Sundararajan, Jennifer A.; Qiang, You; Burks, Edward; Liu, Kai

    2013-04-25

    A cluster deposition method was used to produce a film of loosely aggregated particles of Fe-Fe3O4 core-shell nanoclusters with an 8 nm iron core size and 2 nm oxide shell thickness. The film of particles on a silicon substrate was irradiated with 5.5 MeV Si2+ ions to a fluence of 1016 cm-2 near room temperature, and computer simulations based on the SRIM (Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter) code show that the implanted Si species stops near the film-substrate interface. The ion irradiation creates a structural change in the film with corresponding chemical and magnetic changes. X-ray diffraction shows that the core size and chemistry stay the same but the shell becomes FeO that grows to a thickness of 17 nm. Helium ion microscopy shows that the previously separate particles have densified into a nearly continuous film. Major loop magnetic hysteresis measurements show a decrease in saturation magnetization that we attribute to the presence of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) FeO shell. First-order reversal curve measurements on the irradiated film performed with a vibrating sample magnetometer show that the AFM shell prevents the particles from interacting magnetically, leading to low coercivity from the iron core and little bias field from the core interactions. These results, and others reported previously on different compositions (Fe3O4 or FeO+Fe3N nanoclusters), show that the ion irradiation behavior of nanocluster films such as these depends strongly on the initial nanostructure and chemistry.

  20. Probing the Structural, Electronic, and Magnetic Properties of Ag n V (n = 1-12) Clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Ran; Die, Dong; Xiao, Lu; Xu, Yong-Gen; Shen, Xu-Ying

    2017-12-16

    The structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of Ag n V (n = 1-12) clusters have been studied using density functional theory and CALYPSO structure searching method. Geometry optimizations manifest that a vanadium atom in low-energy AgnV clusters favors the most highly coordinated location. The substitution of one V atom for an Ag atom in Ag n + 1 (n ≥ 5) cluster modifies the lowest energy structure of the host cluster. The infrared spectra, Raman spectra, and photoelectron spectra of Ag n V (n = 1-12) clusters are simulated and can be used to determine the most stable structure in the future. The relative stability, dissociation channel, and chemical activity of the ground states are analyzed through atomic averaged binding energy, dissociation energy, and energy gap. It is found that V atom can improve the stability of the host cluster, Ag2 excepted. The most possible dissociation channels are Ag n V = Ag + Ag n - 1V for n = 1 and 4-12 and Ag n V = Ag2 + Ag n - 2V for n = 2 and 3. The energy gap of Ag n V cluster with odd n is much smaller than that of Ag n + 1 cluster. Analyses of magnetic property indicate that the total magnetic moment of Ag n V cluster mostly comes from V atom and varies from 1 to 5 μ B. The charge transfer between V and Ag atoms should be responsible for the change of magnetic moment.

  1. Effect of Fe{sup 3+} substitution on structural, optical and magnetic properties of barium titanate ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dang, N.V.; Dung, N.T. [Department of Physics and Technology, Thai Nguyen University of Science, Thai Nguyen City (Viet Nam); Phong, P.T., E-mail: ptphong.nh@khanhhoa.edu.vn [Department of Natural Sciences, Nha Trang Pedagogic College, 1- Nguyen Chanh Street, Nha Trang City, Khanh Hoa Province (Viet Nam); Department of Advanced Materials Chemistry, Dongguk University-Gyeongju, 707 Suckjang-dong, Gyeongju-Si, Gyeongbuk 780-714 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, In-Ja, E-mail: lij@dongguk.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials Chemistry, Dongguk University-Gyeongju, 707 Suckjang-dong, Gyeongju-Si, Gyeongbuk 780-714 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-15

    Multiferroic BaTi{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 3} (0≤x≤0.12) materials were synthesized using the solid-state reaction method. The influence of Fe on the crystalline structure, the electronic structure, the optical properties and the magnetic property of BaTi{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 3} samples were investigated. The obtained X-ray diffraction patterns, Raman and UV–vis spectra showed that the structure of the material sensitively depends on Fe dopant content, x, and transforms gradually from the tetragonal (P4mm) phase to the hexagonal (P6{sub 3}/mmc) one with increasing x. The photoluminescence emission of BaTi{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 3} was attributed to structural disorder. All of the samples exhibit both ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism at room temperature. The relaxor like behavior was observed for all samples. The magnetization at a magnetic field of 1 T abnormally depends on x, increases up to 0.1 then decreases monotonously afterward. This anomaly in the magnetic behavior can be explained in terms of the changes in the oxidation state of ions such as the Fe{sup 3+}-to-Fe{sup 4+} and/or Ti{sup 4+}-to-Ti{sup 3+} change induced by oxygen vacancies. The substitution of Fe into Ti sites also causes the changes in the conductivity of the material and impurity (acceptor) levels in the band gap, which can be evident from the absorption spectra, and time-dependent leakage current measured at room temperature.

  2. Magnetic properties and electronic structure of the Heusler compounds Ru2-x Fex CrSi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiroi, Masahiko; Rokkaku, Tsugumi; Mizutani, Sou; Fujii, Sinpei; Ishida, Shoji

    2009-03-01

    We have been trying to find Heusler compounds with high spin polarization which are robust against chemical disorders, because it is considered that disorders often degrade high spin polarization. The Heusler compound Ru2-x Fe:cCrSi is shown to be such a material from first principles band structure calculations, and it is also shown that for the Ru-rich compound antiferromagnetic states are energetically preferable to the ferromagnetic state. Experimentally the Fe-rich compound is shown to be ferromagnetic, whereas for x <= 0.2 ferromagnetism is found to disappear and a cusp in the temperature dependence in magnetization is found, which appears to indicate an antiferromagnetic transition. These results seem to agree with the theory on the whole. The experimental results are examined in the light of calculated band structures.

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of cobalt-doped iron oxide nanoparticles prepared by solution combustion method for biomedical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatesan, Kaliyamoorthy; Rajan Babu, Dhanakotti; Kavya Bai, Mane Prabhu; Supriya, Ravi; Vidya, Radhakrishnan; Madeswaran, Saminathan; Anandan, Pandurangan; Arivanandhan, Mukannan; Hayakawa, Yasuhiro

    2015-01-01

    Cobalt-doped iron oxide nanoparticles were prepared by solution combustion technique. The structural and magnetic properties of the prepared samples were also investigated. The average crystallite size of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) magnetic nanoparticle was calculated using Scherrer equation, and it was found to be 16±5 nm. The particle size was measured by transmission electron microscope. This value was found to match with the crystallite size calculated by Scherrer equation corresponding to the prominent intensity peak (311) of X-ray diffraction. The high-resolution transmission electron microscope image shows clear lattice fringes and high crystallinity of cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles. The synthesized magnetic nanoparticles exhibited the saturation magnetization value of 47 emu/g and coercivity of 947 Oe. The anti-microbial activity of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles showed better results as an anti-bacterial agent. The affinity constant was determined for the nanoparticles, and the cytotoxicity studies were conducted for the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles at different concentrations and the results are discussed.

  4. Size-dependent structure and magnetic properties of co-evaporated Fe-SiO2 nanoparticle composite film under high magnetic field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonghui Ma

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Composite film of Fe nanoparticles embedded in a SiO2 matrix has been prepared by the co-evaporation of Fe and SiO2. Both source temperature and in-situ high magnetic field (HMF have been used to adjust the Fe particle size and the growth of Fe-SiO2 film. The size of Fe particle decreased with increasing the source temperature without HMF. When HMF was presented during the growth of the film, the size of Fe particle was enlarged and reduced for source temperatures of 1300 °C and 1400 °C, respectively. Meanwhile, the preferred orientation of the film grown at 1400 °C became uniform with the application of HMF. In addition, it is also found that the film was formed in two layers. One layer is formed by the Fe particle, while the other is free of Fe particles due to the existence of more SiO2. The structural variation has a significant effect on the magnetic properties. The coercivity (90 Oe of the 1300 °C film is much higher than that (6 Oe of the 1400 °C film with a small particle size and uniform orientation. The saturation magnetization can be increased by increasing the Fe particle volume fraction. This study develops a new method to tune the soft magnetic properties by the co-evaporation of Fe and SiO2.

  5. Comparative studies on impact of synthesis methods on structural and magnetic properties of magnesium ferrite nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navneet Kaur

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Magnesium ferrite nanoparticles (NPs were synthesized by co-precipitation, sol-gel and solution combustion methods. Polyethylene glycol (PEG, urea and oxalyl dihydrazide (ODH were used as fuels for the combustion. Various physicochemical techniques viz. X-ray diffraction (XRD, vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR, BET surface analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM were utilized to study the effect of synthetic methodology on the properties of synthesized NPs. Differences in crystallinity, surface area, particle size and magnetic parameters of the ferrite NPs synthesized by different methods were observed. XRD pattern of NPs obtained by sol-gel and combustion methods confirmed phase purity where as in co-precipitation method alpha-Fe2O3 was detected as impurity phase which also resulted in greater value of physical density and lowering of magnetic parameters of the final thermolysis product. TEM micrographs indicated that ferrite NPs are spherical with average diameter of 12–25 nm. Presence of rectangular shaped crystallites of alpha-Fe2O3 was clearly evident in the TEM images of the NPs synthesized by co-precipitation method.

  6. Correlation between structural, electrical and magnetic properties of GdMnO{sub 3} bulk ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samantaray, S. [Institute of Materials Science, Planetarium Building, Bhubaneswar 751013, Odisha (India); Mishra, D.K. [Department of Physics, Institute of Technical Education and Research, S ‘O’ A University, Bhubaneswar 751030, Odisha (India); Pradhan, S.K. [Institute of Materials Science, Planetarium Building, Bhubaneswar 751013, Odisha (India); Mishra, P.; Sekhar, B.R. [Institue of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar, Odisha (India); Behera, Debdhyan [Advanced Materials Technology Department, CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar 751013, Odisha (India); Rout, P.P.; Das, S.K. [Institute of Materials Science, Planetarium Building, Bhubaneswar 751013, Odisha (India); Sahu, D.R. [School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa); Roul, B.K., E-mail: ims@iopb.res.in [Institute of Materials Science, Planetarium Building, Bhubaneswar 751013, Odisha (India)

    2013-08-15

    This paper reports the effect of sintering temperature on ferroelectric properties of GdMnO{sub 3} (GMO) bulk ceramics at room temperature prepared by the conventional solid state reaction route following slow step sintering schedule. Ferroelectric hysteresis loop as well as sharp dielectric anomaly in pure (99.999%) GMO sintered ceramics has been clearly observed. Samples sintered at 1350 °C become orthorhombic with Pbnm space group and showed frequency independent sharp dielectric anomalies at 373 K and a square type of novel ferroelectric hysteresis loop was observed at room temperature. Interestingly, dielectric anomalies and ferroelectric behavior were observed to be dependent upon sintering temperature of GdMnO{sub 3}. Room temperature dielectric constant (ε{sub r}) value at different frequencies is observed to be abnormally high. The magnetic field and temperature dependent magnetization show antiferromagnetic behavior at 40 K for both 1350 °C and 1700 °C sintered GMO. Present findings showed the possibility of application of GdMnO{sub 3} at room temperature as multifunctional materials. - Highlights: • Preparation of single-phasic polycrystalline GdMnO{sub 3} sample by the solid state sintering route. • Observation of square type P–E hysteresis loop with higher saturation and remnant polarization. • Observation of antiferromagnetic behavior at 40 K in polycrystalline GdMnO{sub 3}. • Possibility of room temperature application of GdMnO{sub 3} as multifunctional material.

  7. Magnetic and structural properties of manganese doped (Al,Ga)N studied with emission Mössbauer spectroscopy

    CERN Multimedia

    Gallium nitride (GaN) and related compounds form a unique class of semiconductors with extraordinary qualities in terms of their crystal structure, optical properties, and electrical properties. These novel properties have made them useful in a wide range of applications in optoelectronic and high-frequency devices such as light emitting diodes, laser diodes and high power field effect transistors. When doped with a few percents of Mn and in the presence of free holes, GaN has been predicted to be a magnetic semiconductor with Curie temperature above room temperature. Mixed semiconductors of Al$_{x}$Ga$_{1-x}$N (AlGaN) composition, give rise to unexpected and critical magnetic and photonic functionalities when doped with magnetic ion species. Here we propose an experiment on very thoroughly characterised AlGaN doped with Mn utilising extremely dilute $^{57}$Mn (T$_{1/2}$=1.5 min), $^{57}$Co (T$_{1/2}$ = 272 d) and $^{119}$In (T$_{1/2}$=2.1 min) implantations, in order to perform $^{57}$Fe and $^{119}$Sn emiss...

  8. The structural, magnetic and microwave properties of spherical and flake shaped carbonyl iron particles as thin multilayer microwave absorbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khani, Omid; Shoushtari, Morteza Zargar; Ackland, Karl; Stamenov, Plamen

    2017-04-01

    An increase in microwave permeability is a prerequisite for reducing the thickness of radar absorber coatings. The aim of this paper is to increase the magnetic loss of commercial carbonyl iron particles for fabricating wideband microwave absorbers with a multilayer structure. For this purpose, carbonyl iron particles were milled and their static and dynamic magnetic properties were studied before and after milling. A distinct morphological change from spherical to flake-like particles is measured with increased milling time, whereas no distinct changes in magnetic properties are measured with increased milling time. The imaginary part of the permeability (μ״) of the milled carbonyl iron particles increased from 1.23 to 1.88 and showed a very broad peak over the entire frequency range 1-18 GHz. The experimental results were modeled using the Rousselle effective medium theory (EMT) in the Neo formulation. The theoretical predictions showed good agreement with the experimental results. Two layer absorbers were designed according to the measured microwave parameters and the multilayer design. The results revealed that a thin multilayer with a thickness of 1.75 mm can effectively absorb microwaves in both the entire X and Ku frequency bands. The results suggest that microwave absorbers with excellent absorption properties could be mass-produced, using commercial carbonyl iron particles.

  9. Influence of cooling rate on structural and magnetic properties of (Fe78Nb8B141-xTbx alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Ziółkowski

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In the presented work we are focused on the influence of cooling rate on structural and magnetic properties of (Fe78Nb8B141-xTbx (x = 0.08, 0.1, 0.12 nanocrystalline bulk alloys. The samples were fabricated using the vacuum suction technique with different cooling rates controlled by different sample diameters (from 0.5 to 1.5 mm. The increased Nb content leads to the formation of specific microstructure and allows obtaining ultra-high coercive alloys just after casting without any additional treatment. The coercivity exceeds 8.6 T at the room temperature in case of optimal chemical and preparation conditions (x = 0.12, d = 0.5 mm and 5.6 T for x = 0.1. The impact of Tb content as well as the cooling rate on magnetic and structural (XRD, SEM, MFM properties is widely discussed in the context of reduction of rare earths in the RE-based permanent magnets.

  10. Influence of layer thickness on the structure and the magnetic properties of Co/Pd epitaxial multilayer films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tobari, Kousuke, E-mail: tobari@futamoto.elect.chuo-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551 (Japan); Ohtake, Mitsuru; Nagano, Katsumasa; Futamoto, Masaaki [Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551 (Japan)

    2012-03-15

    Co/Pd epitaxial multilayer films were prepared on Pd(111){sub fcc} underlayers hetero-epitaxially grown on MgO(111){sub B1} single-crystal substrates at room temperature by ultra-high vacuum RF magnetron sputtering. In-situ reflection high energy electron diffraction shows that the in-plane lattice spacing of Co on Pd layer gradually decreases with increasing the Co layer thickness, whereas that of Pd on Co layer remains unchanged during the Pd layer formation. The CoPd alloy phase formation is observed around the Co/Pd interface. The atomic mixing is enhanced for thinner Co and Pd layers in multilayer structure. With decreasing the Co and the Pd layer thicknesses and increasing the repetition number of Co/Pd multilayer film, stronger perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is observed. The relationships between the film structure and the magnetic properties are discussed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Epitaxial Co/Pd multilayer films are prepared on Pd(111){sub fcc} underlayers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lattice strain in Co layer and CoPd-alloy formation are noted around the interface. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic property dependence on layer thickness is reported.

  11. Compositional, morphological, structural, microstructural, optical, and magnetic properties of Fe, Co, and Ni doped ZnS nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poornaprakash, B.; Chalapathi, U.; Vattikuti, S. V. Prabhakar

    2017-04-01

    We present the compositional, morphological, structural, microstructural, optical, and magnetic properties of undoped, Fe, Co, and Ni doped ZnS diluted magnetic semiconductor nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized by chemical refluxing technique at 80 °C using Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a stabilizer. EDS spectra confirmed the presence of Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, and S in the samples with expected stoichiometry. XRD and Raman studies revealed that all the samples exhibited cubic structure without any impurity phases. The average diameter of the particles confirmed by HRTEM studies was in the range 5-8 nm. From DRS, the estimated band-gap values were 3.92, 3.70, 3.98, and 3.76 eV for undoped, Ni, Fe, and Co doped ZnS samples, respectively. Photoluminescence studies indicated that the undoped and doped samples exhibited broad and asymmetric PL peaks covering a wide visible range. Room temperature magnetisation studies revealed that the undoped, Fe, Co, and Ni doped samples exhibited diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic behaviors, respectively. The use of these ions with magnetic properties in systems doped by an innovative method and thus creating a quantum confinement effect.

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of zinc ferrite thin films irradiated by 90 keV neon ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gafton, E.V., E-mail: elena.gafton@insp.jussieu.fr [Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Physics, 11 Carol I Blv., Iasi 700506 (Romania); Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7588, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France); Bulai, G., E-mail: georgiana.bulai@yahoo.com [Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Physics, 11 Carol I Blv., Iasi 700506 (Romania); Caltun, O.F., E-mail: caltun@uaic.ro [Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Physics, 11 Carol I Blv., Iasi 700506 (Romania); Cervera, S., E-mail: sophie.cervera@insp.jussieu.fr [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7588, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France); Macé, S., E-mail: stephane.mace@insp.jussieu.fr [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7588, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France); Trassinelli, M., E-mail: martino.trassinelli@insp.jussieu.fr [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7588, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France); Steydli, S., E-mail: sebastien.steydli@insp.jussieu.fr [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7588, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France); Vernhet, D., E-mail: dominique.vernhet@insp.jussieu.fr [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7588, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 75005 Paris (France)

    2016-08-30

    Highlights: • Effect of different ion beam fluences on zinc ferrite thin films structure was investigated. • First reported results on zinc ferrite thin films irradiated with slow highly charged ions. • Increased magnetization was observed for samples irradiated even at low fluence. • Measurements of blocking temperature of thin films before and after irradiation. - Abstract: The effects of 90 keV neon beam irradiation on the structure and magnetic properties of zinc ferrite thin films have been investigated through several methods, namely, X-ray diffraction technique, Vibrating Sample and SQUID magnetometers. Beforehand, the pristine have also been characterized using profilometry and microscopy techniques. In particular single-phase formation of the thin films deposited on monocrystalline Si (111) substrate by pulsed laser deposition technique was confirmed. Crystal lattice, coercivity, saturation magnetization have been studied for the first time, as a function of ion penetration depth and irradiation fluence. The chemical composition and the crystallinity of the films are not affected with the ion impact acting as a mechanical stress relief. On the contrary, both magnetization and coercivity are sensitive to Ne{sup q+} ion irradiation and exhibit different behaviours depending on the ion fluence range.

  13. Modification of structural and magnetic properties of soft magnetic multi-component metallic glass by 80 MeV {sup 16}O{sup 6+} ion irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kane, S.N., E-mail: kane_sn@yahoo.com [School of Physics, D.A. University, Khandwa Road Campus, Indore 452001 (India); Shah, M.; Satalkar, M.; Gehlot, K. [School of Physics, D.A. University, Khandwa Road Campus, Indore 452001 (India); Kulriya, P.K.; Avasthi, D.K. [Inter-University Accelerator Centre, P.O. Box No. 10502, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Sinha, A.K. [Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, P.O. CAT, Indore 452013 (India); Modak, S.S. [Physics Department, Jaypee University of Eng. & Tech., A-B Road, Raghogarh, Guna 473226 (India); Ghodke, N.L.; Reddy, V.R. [UGC-DAE CSR, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452001 (India); Varga, L.K. [RISSPO, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 49, 1525 Budapest (Hungary)

    2016-07-15

    Effect of 80 MeV {sup 16}O{sup 6+} ion irradiation in amorphous Fe{sub 77}P{sub 8}Si{sub 3}C{sub 5}Al{sub 2}Ga{sub 1}B{sub 4} alloy is reported. Electronic energy loss induced modifications in the structural and, magnetic properties were monitored by synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD), Mössbauer and, magnetic measurements. Broad amorphous hump seen in SXRD patterns reveals the amorphous nature of the studied specimens. Mössbauer measurements suggest that: (a) alignment of atomic spins within ribbon plane, (b) changes in average hyperfine field suggests radiation-induced decrease in the inter atomic distance around Mössbauer (Fe) atom, (c) hyperfine field distribution confirms the presence of non-magnetic elements (e.g. – B, P, C) in the first near-neighbor shell of the Fe atom, thus reducing its magnetic moment, and (d) changes in isomer shift suggests variation in average number of the metalloid near neighbors and their distances. Minor changes in soft magnetic behavior – watt loss and, coercivity after an irradiation dose of 2 × 10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2} suggests prospective application of Fe{sub 77}P{sub 8}Si{sub 3}C{sub 5}Al{sub 2}Ga{sub 1}B{sub 4} alloy as core material in accelerators (radio frequency cavities).

  14. The structural, magnetic and electronic properties of p-type and n-type doped monolayer WS2 systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yuan-Yan; Zhang, Jian-Min

    2017-12-01

    The structural, magnetic and electronic properties of the p-type (group VA elements N, P, As or Sb) and n-type (group VIIA elements Cl, Br, I or At) doped monolayer WS2 systems have been systematically investigated using the spin-polarized first-principle calculations. The results show that whether p-type or n-type doped monolayer WS2 systems, the greater the atomic radius of the dopant X, the greater the bond length dX-W and height difference hS, but the smaller the bond angle θW-X-W . All doped systems are easier to form and more stable under W-rich condition than S-rich condition. Specially, the N- and Cl-doped cases are the most stable in p-type and n-type doped monolayer WS2 systems, respectively. The total magnetic moment Mtot of the N-doped system is 0.773μB contributed mainly by N-p orbitals, the total magnetic moments Mtot of the P-, As- and Sb-doped systems are all approximately zero, and the total magnetic moments Mtot of the Cl-, Br-, I- and At-doped systems are 0.543, 0.810, 0.989 and 0.999μB , respectively, contributed mainly by the first nearest-neighbor atom W-d orbitals. Although the pristine monolayer WS2 system is a nonmagnetic semiconductor, the doped system changes to magnetic semiconductor for N-doped system, nonmagnetic metal for P-, As- and Sb-doped systems, magnetic metal for Cl- and Br-doped systems and magnetic half-metal for I- and At-doped systems.

  15. Enhancing the magnetic properties of magnetic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlburg, Jakob; Saura-Múzquiz, Matilde; Stingaciu, Marian

    Enhancing the magnetic properties of magnetic nanoparticles J. V. Ahlburg, M. S. Músquiz, C. Zeuthen, S. Kjeldgaard, M. Stingaciu, M. Christensen Center for Materials Crystallography, Departement of Chemistry & iNano, Aarhus University, Denmark Strong magnets with a high energy product are vital...

  16. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of 3d metal trioxide clusters-doped monolayer graphene: A first-principles study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rafique, Muhammad [School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 92 West Dazhi Street, Harbin 150001 (China); M.U.E.T, S.Z.A.B, Campus Khairpur Mir' s, Sindh (Pakistan); Shuai, Yong, E-mail: shuaiyong1978@gmail.com [School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 92 West Dazhi Street, Harbin 150001 (China); Tan, He-Ping; Hassan, Muhammad [School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 92 West Dazhi Street, Harbin 150001 (China)

    2017-03-31

    Highlights: • First-principles calculations are performed for TMO{sub 3} cluster-doped and TM atoms adsorbed at three O atoms-doped graphene. • Significant magnetic coupling behavior is observed between TM atoms and neighboring C and O atoms for both cases. • The direction of charge transfer is always from monolayer graphene to TMO{sub 3} clusters incorporated into graphene. • TiO{sub 3} and VO{sub 3} doped structures display dilute magnetic semiconductor behavior. • Five different orbitals (d{sub xy}, d{sub yz}, d{sub z}{sup 2}, d{sub xz} and d{sub x}{sup 2}{sub -y}{sup 2}) of 3d TM atoms give rise to magnetic moments for both cases. - Abstract: We present first-principles density-functional calculations for the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of monolayer graphene doped with 3d (Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Co, Mn and Ni) metal trioxide TMO{sub 3} halogen clusters. In this paper we used two approaches for 3d metal trioxide clusters (i) TMO{sub 3} halogen cluster was embedded in monolayer graphene substituting four carbon (C) atoms (ii) three C atoms were substituted by three oxygen (O) atoms in one graphene ring and TM atom was adsorbed at the hollow site of O atoms substituted graphene ring. All the impurities were tightly bonded in the graphene ring. In first case of TMO{sub 3} doped graphene layer, the bond length between C−O atom was reduced and bond length between TM-O atom was increased. In case of Cr, Fe, Co and Ni atoms substitution in between the O atoms, leads to Fermi level shifting to conduction band thereby causing the Dirac cone to move into valence band, however a band gap appears at high symmetric K-point. In case of TiO{sub 3} and VO{sub 3} substitution, system exhibits semiconductor properties. Interestingly, TiO{sub 3}-substituted system shows dilute magnetic semiconductor behavior with 2.00 μ{sub B} magnetic moment. On the other hand, the substitution of CoO{sub 3}, CrO{sub 3}, FeO{sub 3} and MnO{sub 3} induced 1.015 μ{sub B}, 2

  17. Temperature dependent structural, vibrational and magnetic properties of K3Gd5(PO4)6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevara, Samatha; Achary, S Nagabhusan; Mishra, Karuna Kara; Ravindran, T R; Sinha, Anil K; Sastry, P U; Tyagi, Avesh Kumar

    2017-02-22

    Herein we report the evolution of the crystal structure of K3Gd5(PO4)6 in the temperature range from 20 K to 1073 K, as observed from variable temperature X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopic studies. K3Gd5(PO4)6 has an open tunnel containing a three dimensional structure built by [Gd5(PO4)6]3- ions which in turn are formed of PO4 tetrahedra and GdOn (n = 8 and 9) polyhedra. The empty tunnels in the structure are occupied by K+ ions and maintain charge neutrality in the lattice. Evolution of unit cell parameters with temperature shows a systematic increase with temperature. The average axial thermal expansion coefficients between 20 K and 1073 K are: αa = 10.6 × 10-6 K-1, αb = 5.5 × 10-6 K-1 and αc = 16.4 × 10-6 K-1. The evolution of distortion indices of the various coordination polyhedra with temperature indicates a gradual decrease with increasing temperature, while those of Gd2O9 and K2O8 polyhedra show opposite trends. The overall anisotropy of the lattice thermal expansion is found to be controlled largely by the effect of temperature on GdOn polyhedra and their linkages. Temperature dependent Raman spectroscopic studies indicated that the intensities and wavenumbers of most of the Raman modes decrease continuously with increasing temperature. Anharmonic analyses of Raman modes indicated that the lattice, rigid translation and librational modes have larger contributions towards thermal expansion of K3Gd5(PO4)6 compared to high frequency internal modes. The temperature and field dependent magnetic measurements indicated no long range ordering down to 2 K and the observed effective magnetic moment per Gd3+ ion and the Weiss constant are 7.91 μB and 0.38 K, respectively.

  18. Structural and magnetic properties of magnesium ferrite nanoparticles prepared via EDTA-based sol–gel reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussein, Shaban I. [Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA), NRC, Cairo (Egypt); Elkady, Ashraf S., E-mail: elkady8@gmail.com [Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA), NRC, Cairo (Egypt); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (Saudi Arabia); Rashad, M.M. [Central Metallurgical Research & Development Institute, Helwan, Cairo (Egypt); Mostafa, A.G. [Department of Physics, Faculty of science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt); Megahid, R.M. [Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA), NRC, Cairo (Egypt)

    2015-04-01

    Magnesium ferrite (MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) nanoparticles have been prepared, for the first time, by ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)-based sol–gel combustion method. The prepared ferrite system is calcined at 400, 500 and 600 °C. Thermo-gravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA–DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) were applied for elucidating the structural and magnetic properties of the prepared system. XRD patterns revealed that the prepared system have two spinel MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} structures, namely cubic and tetragonal phases that are dependent on calcination temperature (T{sub c}). The crystallite sizes varied from 8.933 to 41.583 nm, and from 1.379 to 292.565 nm for the cubic and tetragonal phases respectively depending on T{sub c}. The deduced lattice parameters for the cubic and (tetragonal) systems are a=8.368, 8.365 and 8.377 and (a=7.011, 5.922, 5.908 and c=6.622, 8.456, 8.364) Å at T{sub c}=400, 500 and 600 °C respectively. While the cation distribution of the cubic phase is found to be mixed spinel and T{sub c}-dependent, it is an inverse spinel in the tetragonal phase where the Fe{sup 3+} ions occupy both the tetrahedral A- and octahedral B-sites in almost equal amount; the Mg{sup 2+} ions are found to occupy only the B-sites. The HRTEM and selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) revealed the detailed morphology of the nanoparticles, and confirmed their crystalline spinel structure. VSM indicated the existence of an appreciable fraction of superparamagnetic particles at room temperature, with pure superparamagnetic behavior observed for samples calcined at 400 °C. Besides, the magnetic properties are found to change by thermal treatment as a result of the varied phase concentration, cation distribution and lattice parameters. Thus, the new synthesis route used in this study by applying

  19. Structural, optical, and magnetic properties of Fe doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krishna, N. Sai [Thin Films Laboratory, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632 014, Tamilnadu (India); Kaleemulla, S., E-mail: skaleemulla@gmail.com [Thin Films Laboratory, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632 014, Tamilnadu (India); Amarendra, G. [Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102, Tamilnadu (India); UGC-DAE-CSR, Kalpakkam Node, Kokilamedu 603 104, Tamilnadu (India); Rao, N. Madhusudhana; Krishnamoorthi, C.; Kuppan, M.; Begam, M. Rigana [Thin Films Laboratory, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632 014, Tamilnadu (India); Reddy, D. Sreekantha [Department of Physics and Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT), Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Omkaram, I. [Department of Electronics and Radio Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • Synthesis of Fe doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders using a solid state reaction. • Characterization of the samples using XRD, UV–vis-NIR, FT-IR, and VSM. • All Fe doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders exhibited the cubic structure of In{sub 2}O{sub 3}. • All the Fe doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} samples exhibited room temperature ferromagnetism. - Abstract: Iron doped indium oxide dilute magnetic semiconductor (In{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = 0.00, 0.03, 0.05, and 0.07) powders were synthesized by standard solid state reaction method followed by vacuum annealing. The effect of Fe concentration on structural, optical, and magnetic properties of the (In{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} powders have been systematically studied. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the polycrystalline cubic structure of all the samples. An optical band gap increases from 3.12 eV to 3.16 eV while Fe concentration varying from 0.03 to 0.07. Magnetic studies reveal that virgin/undoped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} is diamagnetic. However, all the Fe-doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} samples are ferromagnetic. The saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) of ferromagnetic (In{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = 0.03, 0.05, and 0.07) samples increases from 11.56 memu/g to 148.64 memu/g with x = 0.03–0.07. The observed ferromagnetism in these samples was attributed to magnetic nature of the dopant (Fe) as well as defects created in the samples during vacuum annealing.

  20. Fe-doping effects on the structural, vibrational, magnetic, and electronic properties of ceria nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragón, Fermin F. H.; Aquino, Juan C. R.; Ramos, Jesus E.; Coaquira, José A. H.; Gonzalez, Ismael; Macedo, Waldemar A. A.; da Silva, Sebastião W.; Morais, Paulo C.

    2017-11-01

    In this work, we report on a single-pot synthesis route based on a polymeric precursor method used for successfully producing undoped and iron-doped CeO2 nanoparticles with iron contents up to 10.0 mol. %. The formation of high-crystalline nanoparticles with a cubic fluorite structure is determined for all the studied samples. Meanwhile, the magnetic measurements of the undoped ceria nanoparticles revealed the occurrence of ferromagnetism of bound magnetic polarons of a fraction of Ce3+ at room temperature, and only a paramagnetic behavior of Fe3+ ions was determined for Fe-doped ceria nanoparticles. A monotonous reduction of the effective magnetic moment of the Fe3+ ions was determined. It suggests a change from a high-spin to low-spin state of Fe ions as the Fe content is increased. The 3+ valence state of the iron ions has been confirmed by the Fe K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data analysis evidenced a coexistence of Ce3+ and Ce4+ ions and a decreasing tendency of the relative fraction of Ce3+ ions in the surface region of the particles as the iron content is increased. Although the coexistence of Ce3+ and Ce4+ is confirmed by results obtained via Ce L3-edge XANES measurements, any clear dependence of the relative relation of Ce3+ ions on the iron content is determined, suggesting a homogeneous distribution of Ce3+ and Ce4+-ions in the whole volume of the particles. Ce L3-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure revealed that the Ce-O bond distance shows a monotonous decrease as the Fe content is increased, which is in good agreement with the shrinking of the unit cell volume with the iron content determined from XRD data analysis, reinforcing the substitutional solution of Ce and Fe ions in the CeO2 matrix.

  1. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 2}-based full Heusler alloys: A first principle study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahmane, F., E-mail: fethallah05@gmail.com [Département de SM, Institue des sciences et des technologies, Centre universitaire de Tissemsilt, 38000, Tissemsilt (Algeria); Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Sidi Bel-Abbes, 22000 Sidi Bel-Abbes (Algeria); Mogulkoc, Y. [Department of Engineering Physics, Ankara University, Ankara (Turkey); Doumi, B.; Tadjer, A. [Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Sidi Bel-Abbes, 22000 Sidi Bel-Abbes (Algeria); Khenata, R. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique de la Matière et de Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Université de Mascara, 29000 Mascara (Algeria); Bin Omran, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Rai, D.P. [Department of Physics, Pachhunga University College, Aizawl-796001 (India); Murtaza, G. [Materials Modeling Lab, Department of Physics, Islamia College University, Peshawar (Pakistan); Varshney, Dinesh [Materials Science Laboratory, School of Physics, Vigyan Bhavan, Devi Ahilya University, Khandwa Road Campus, Indore 452001 (India)

    2016-06-01

    Using the first-principles density functional calculations, the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of the Fe{sub 2}XAl (X=Cr, Mn, Ni) compounds in both the Hg{sub 2}CuTi and Cu{sub 2}MnAl-type structures were studied by the full-potential linearized augmented plane waves (FP-LAPW) method. The exchange and correlation potential is treated by the generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) where the results show that the Cu{sub 2}MnAl-type structure is energetically more stable than the Hg{sub 2}CuTi-type structure for the Fe{sub 2}CrAl and Fe{sub 2}MnAl compounds at the equilibrium volume. The full Heusler compounds Fe{sub 2}XAl (X=Cr, Mn) are half-metallic in the Cu{sub 2}MnAl-type structure. Fe{sub 2}NiAl has a metallic character in both CuHg{sub 2}Ti and AlCu{sub 2}Mn-type structures. The total magnetic moments of the Fe{sub 2}CrAl and Fe{sub 2}MnAl compounds are 1.0 and 2.0 μ{sub B}, respectively, which are in agreement with the Slater–Pauling rule M{sub tot}=Z{sub tot}− 24.

  2. Structural analysis and magnetic properties of solid solutions of Co–Cr system obtained by mechanical alloying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betancourt-Cantera, J.A. [Área Académica de Ciencias de la Tierra y Materiales, UAEH Carr., Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, Pachuca, Hidalgo 42184 (Mexico); Sánchez-De Jesús, F., E-mail: fsanchez@uaeh.edu.mx [Área Académica de Ciencias de la Tierra y Materiales, UAEH Carr., Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, Pachuca, Hidalgo 42184 (Mexico); Bolarín-Miró, A.M. [Área Académica de Ciencias de la Tierra y Materiales, UAEH Carr., Pachuca-Tulancingo Km. 4.5, Pachuca, Hidalgo 42184 (Mexico); Betancourt, I.; Torres-Villaseñor, G. [Departamento de Materiales Metálicos y Cerámicos, Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F. 04510 (Mexico)

    2014-03-15

    In this paper, a systematic study on the structural and magnetic properties of Co{sub 100−x}Cr{sub x} alloys (0structures were obtained. The saturation polarization indicated a maximum value of 1.17 T (144 Am{sup 2}/kg) for the Co{sub 90}Cr{sub 10}, which decreases with the increasing of the Cr content up to x=80, as a consequence of the dilution effect of the magnetic moment which is caused by the Cr content and by the competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. The coercivity increases up to 34 kA/m (435 Oe) for Co{sub 40}Cr{sub 60}. For Cr rich compositions, it is observed an important decrease reaching 21 kA/m (272 Oe) for Co{sub 10}Cr{sub 90,} it is related to the grain size and the structural change. Besides, the magnetic anisotropy constant was determined for each composition. Magnetic thermogravimetric analysis allowed to obtain Curie temperatures corresponding to the formation of hcp-Co(Cr) and fcc-Co(Cr) solid solutions. - Highlights: • Mechanical alloying (MA) induces the formation of solid solutions of Co–Cr system in non-equilibrium. • We report the crystal structure and the magnetic behavior of Co–Cr alloys produced by MA. • MA improves the magnetic properties of Co–Cr system.

  3. Structure and magnetic properties of highly textured nanocrystalline Mn–Zn ferrite thin film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph, Jaison, E-mail: jaisonjosephp@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Goverment College, Khandola, Goa 403107 India (India); Tangsali, R.B. [Department of Physics, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa 403206 India (India); Pillai, V.P. Mahadevan [Department of Optoelectronics, University of Kerala,Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581 India (India); Choudhary, R.J.; Phase, D.M.; Ganeshan, V. [UGC-DAE-CSR Indore, Madhya Pradesh 452017 India. (India)

    2015-01-01

    Nanoparticles of Mn{sub 0.2}Zn{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were chemically synthesized by co-precipitating the metal ions in aqueous solutions in a suitable alkaline medium. The identified XRD peaks confirm single phase spinal formation. The nanoparticle size authentication is carried out from XRD data using Debye Scherrer equation. Thin film fabricated from this nanomaterial by pulse laser deposition technique on quartz substrate was characterized using XRD and Raman spectroscopic techniques. XRD results revealed the formation of high degree of texture in the film. AFM analysis confirms nanogranular morphology and preferred directional growth. A high deposition pressure and the use of a laser plume confined to a small area for transportation of the target species created certain level of porosity in the deposited thin film. Magnetic property measurement of this highly textured nanocrystalline Mn–Zn ferrite thin film revealed enhancement in properties, which are explained on the basis of texture and surface features originated from film growth mechanism.

  4. Structure, magnetic and electronic properties in Ga doped α-Cr2O3 oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siva, K. Venkata; Bhowmik, R. N.

    2017-05-01

    The samples of Ga doped Cr2O3 oxide have been prepared using chemical co-precipitation route. X-ray diffraction pattern and Raman spectroscopy have confirmed rhombohedral crystal structure with space group R3 ¯C in the samples. Magnetic measurement of the samples in the temperature range 5K-350 K has indicated the dilution of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin order in Ga doped α-Cr2O3 system. Further, the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature at about 320 K in bulk α-Cr2O3 oxide has been suppressed in Ga doped α-Cr2O3 system that exhibited signature of ferrimagnetic behavior. Small grain size effect of the samples has dominated magnetic features at lower temperatures by exhibiting superparamagnetic type behavior of surface spins. The current-voltage (I-V) curves of the Ga doped samples have shown highly non-linear behavior and exhibited many unique features, especially hysteresis loop with two irreversible electronic states and negative differential resistance (NDR).

  5. Structural and magnetic properties of GaSb:MnSb granular layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dynowska, E., E-mail: dynow@ifpan.edu.pl [Institute of Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02668 Warsaw (Poland); Bak-Misiuk, J.; Romanowski, P.; Domagala, J.Z. [Institute of Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02668 Warsaw (Poland); Sadowski, J. [Institute of Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02668 Warsaw (Poland); MAX-Lab, Lund University P.O. Box. 118, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Wojciechowski, T.; Kret, S.; Kurowska, B. [Institute of Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnikow 32/46, PL-02668 Warsaw (Poland); Kwiatkowski, A. [Institute of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoza 69, PL-00681 Warsaw (Poland); Caliebe, W. [Hasylab at DESY, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)

    2011-10-15

    The results of structural and magnetic characterization of GaMnSb layers grown on GaSb(0 0 1) and GaAs(1 1 1) substrates are presented. The presence of hexagonal, highly oriented MnSb inclusions embedded in GaSb matrix has been demonstrated. The lattice parameters of these inclusions were the same as those for bulk MnSb for the layers grown on GaSb(1 0 0) substrate while for the layers grown on GaAs(1 1 1) the MnSb inclusions were strained. The influence of a presence of MnSb clusters on the lattice parameter of GaSb matrix has been demonstrated. It was confirmed that in all cases the MnSb clusters exhibit a ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature.

  6. On the adsorption properties of magnetic fluids: Impact of bulk structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kubovcikova, Martina [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice (Slovakia); Gapon, Igor V. [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Physics Department, Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv (Ukraine); Zavisova, Vlasta [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice (Slovakia); Koneracka, Martina, E-mail: konerack@saske.sk [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice (Slovakia); Petrenko, Viktor I. [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Physics Department, Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv (Ukraine); Soltwedel, Olaf [Max-Planck-Institut for Solid State Research, Outstation at MLZ, Garching (Germany); Almasy, László [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary); Avdeev, Mikhail V. [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Physical Faculty, St. Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation); Kopcansky, Peter [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice (Slovakia)

    2017-04-01

    Adsorption of nanoparticles from magnetic fluids (MFs) on solid surface (crystalline silicon) was studied by neutron reflectometry (NR) and related to the bulk structural organization of MFs concluded from small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The initial aqueous MF with nanomagnetite (co-precipitation reaction) stabilized by sodium oleate and MF modified by a biocompatible polymer, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), were considered. Regarding the bulk structure it was confirmed in the SANS experiment that comparatively small and compact (size~30 nm) aggregates of nanoparticle in the initial sample transfer to large and developed (size>130 nm, fractal dimension 2.7) associates in the PEG modified MF. This reorganization in the aggregates correlates with the changes in the neutron reflectivity that showed that a single adsorption layer of individual nanoparticles on the oxidized silicon surface for the initial MF disappears after the PEG modification. It is concluded that all particles in the modified fluid are in the aggregates that are not adsorbed by silicon. - Highlights: • Different bulk structure of initial MF and PEG modified MF was confirmed. • PEG modification of MF transforms small MNPs aggregates to large and developed. • Individual non-aggregated nanoparticles are preferably adsorbed on oxidized silicon. • Nanoparticles from MF form a single adsorption layer on the silicon surface. • PEG modified MF compose large developed aggregates that are not adsorbed by surface.

  7. MgZn2-type {Ho, Er, Tm}FeGa rare earth compounds: Crystal structure and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morozkin, A. V.; Genchel, V. K.; Garshev, A. V.; Yapaskurt, V. O.; Nirmala, R.; Quezado, S.; Malik, S. K.

    2017-09-01

    The crystal structure of new hexagonal MgZn2-type {Ho, Tm}FeGa compounds (space group P63/mmc, N 194, hP12) has been established using powder X-ray diffraction studies. The magnetic properties of polycrystalline MgZn2-type ErFeGa compound have been studied using bulk magnetization data. ErFeGa exhibits ferromagnetic ordering at TC = 77 K and field sensitive antiferromagnetic-like ordering at Tm 58 K in field of 100 Oe and Tm 10 K in field of 5 kOe. The paramagnetic susceptibility follows Curie-Weiss law with effective paramagnetic moment per formula unit (Meff/fu) of 9.59 μB and paramagnetic Weiss temperature (ΘP) of 27 K. At 2 K, ErFeGa exhibits hard magnetic properties with remanent magnetization per formula unit (Mres/fu) of 3.7 μB, coercive field (Hcoer) of 8.2 kOe and critical field (Hcrit) of 9.6 kOe. The magnetocaloric effect of ErFeGa has been calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change (ΔSm) and maximum ΔSm values are -5.5 J/kg K for a field change of 0-50 kOe (relative cooling power RCP50 kOe 410 J/kg), -13.0 J/kg K for a field change of 0-140 kOe (RCP140 kOe 1230 J/kg) at 70 K and +1.7 J/kg K for a field change of 0-10 kOe at 10 K (RCP10 kOe 34 J/kg).

  8. Structural and magnetic properties of CaMg2Fe16O27

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . Magnetic Materials Volume 24 Issue 1 February 2001 pp 47-50 ... The molar magnetic susceptibility was measured in the temperature range 300–850 K and the results show that the compound is ferrimagnetic at room temperature.

  9. Insights into the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of V-doped copper clusters: comparison with pure copper clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Die, Dong; Zheng, Ben-Xia; Zhao, Lan-Qiong; Zhu, Qi-Wen; Zhao, Zheng-Quan

    2016-01-01

    The structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Cun+1 and CunV (n = 1–12) clusters have been investigated by using density functional theory. The growth behaviors reveal that V atom in low-energy CunV isomer favors the most highly coordinated position and changes the geometry of the three-dimensional host clusters. The vibrational spectra are predicted and can be used to identify the ground state. The relative stability and chemical activity of the ground states are analyzed through the binding energy per atom, energy second-order difference and energy gap. It is found that that the stability of CunV (n ≥ 8) is higher than that of Cun+1. The substitution of a V atom for a Cu atom in copper clusters alters the odd-even oscillations of stability and activity of the host clusters. The vertical ionization potential, electron affinity and photoelectron spectrum are calculated and simulated for all of the most stable clusters. Compare with the experimental data, we determine the ground states of pure copper clusters. The magnetism analyses show that the magnetic moments of CunV clusters are mainly localized on the V atom and decease with the increase of cluster size. The magnetic change is closely related to the charge transfer between V and Cu atoms. PMID:27534599

  10. Structural, magnetic and electrical properties of Fe{sub x}Ni{sub 100−x}/Si(100) films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guechi, N. [Laboratoire d' Etude des Surfaces et Interfaces des Matériaux Solides (LESIMS), Université Sétif 1, 19000 Sétif (Algeria); Bourzami, A., E-mail: abourzami@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire d' Etude des Surfaces et Interfaces des Matériaux Solides (LESIMS), Université Sétif 1, 19000 Sétif (Algeria); Guittoum, A. [Laboratoire d' Etude des Surfaces et Interfaces des Matériaux Solides (LESIMS), Université Sétif 1, 19000 Sétif (Algeria); Centre de Recherche Nucléaire d' Alger, 2 Bd Frantz Fanon, BP 399, Alger-Gare, Alger 16000 (Algeria); Kharmouche, A. [Laboratoire d' Etude des Surfaces et Interfaces des Matériaux Solides (LESIMS), Université Sétif 1, 19000 Sétif (Algeria); Colis, S. [Institut de Physique et Chimie des Matériaux de Strasbourg (IPCMS), UMR 7504 UDS-CNRS (UDS-ECPM) 23, rue du Loess, BP 43, F-67034 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Meni, N. [Laboratoire ENMC, Université Sétif 1, 19000 Sétif (Algeria)

    2014-05-15

    A series of Fe{sub x}Ni{sub 100−x} (2≤x≤100) thin films with thicknesses between 110 and 150 nm were evaporated on Si(100) substrates. The structural, magnetic and electrical properties of the films were studied by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Alternating Gradient Field Magnetometer (AGFM) and four probe-point techniques. It was found that the films are polycrystalline and grow with 〈111〉 and 〈110〉 textures in the nickel-rich and iron-rich regions, respectively. The crystallite size and the internal strain rate ε were computed vs. the at% Fe using the line profile analysis of a single peak. The study of the magnetization curves shows that all films have an in-plane easy magnetization axis. The saturation magnetization and the coercive field have been studied as a function of the iron atomic percentage. The electric measurements indicate a maximum electrical resistivity of 45 µΩ cm near the Anyster composition.

  11. Perovskite solid solutions La0.75Bi0.25Fe1-xCrxO3: Preparation, structural, and magnetic properties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ivanov, S. A.; Beran, Přemysl; Bazuev, G. V.; Tellgren, R.; Sarkar, T.; Nordblad, P.; Mathieu, R.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 254, OCT (2017), s. 166-177 ISSN 0022-4596 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LM2015056 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : ceramics * electronic materials * neutron scattering * X-ray diffraction * crystal structure * magnetic properties Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.299, year: 2016

  12. What will freestanding borophene nanoribbons look like? An analysis of their possible structures, magnetism and transport properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Fuente, A.; Carrete, J.; Vega, A.; Gallego, L. J.

    We report a density-functional-theoretic study of the stability and electronic structure of two recently proposed borophene sheets with Pmmn symmetry and nonzero thickness. We then investigate nanoribbons (BNRs) derived from these nanostructures, with particular attention to technologically relevant properties like magnetism and electronic transport. We consider two perpendicular directions for the edges of the stripes as well as different lateral widths. We show that the Pmmn8 sheet, with 8 atoms in its unit cell and generated by two interpenetrating lattices, has a larger binding energy than the Pmmn2 sheet, with only 2 atoms per unit cell. We also use their phonon spectra to show that the mechanical stability of the Pmmn8 sheet is superior to that of the Pmmn2 sheet. Nanoribbons derived from Pmmn8 are not only more stable than those derived from Pmmn2, but also more interesting from the technological point of view. We find a rich variety of magnetic solutions, depending on the borophene "mother structure", edge orientation, width and, in the case of Pmmn8-derived BNRs, the sublattice of edge atoms. We show that one can build BNRs with magnetic moment in both, one or none of the edges, as well as with parallel or antiparallel magnetic coupling between the edges when magnetic; moreover, their electronic character can be semiconducting, metallic or half-metallic, creating a perfect spin valve at low bias. These different behaviors are reflected in their densities of states, spin density and electronic transport coefficients, which are analyzed in detail. Our work provides a complete overview of what one may expect if nanoribbons are cut out from Pmmn sheets with a view to potential technological applications.

  13. Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Sm3Ni5Al19: A ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    axis. Magnetic susceptibility data on Sm3Ni5Al19 confirms the paramagnetic nature with a complicated magnetic ordering below 18 K. The inverse susceptibility data follows modified Curie-Weiss law above 150 K with effective magnetic ...

  14. Synthesis of Zn{sup 2+} substituted maghemite nanoparticles and investigation of their structural and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mozaffari, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shatooti, S. [Department of Physics, Razi University, Kermanshah 67149-67346 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Jafarzadeh, M., E-mail: mjafarzadeh1027@yahoo.com [Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah 67149-67346 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Niyaifar, M. [Department of Physics, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Aftabi, A. [Department of Physics, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj 66177-15175 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadpour, H. [Department of Physics, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Amiri, Sh. [Department of Physics, Razi University, Kermanshah 67149-67346 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Maghemite and Zn{sup 2+} substituted maghemite (γ-Fe{sub 2−y} Zn{sub 3y/2}O{sub 3}, y=0.0, 0.11, 0.24, 0.36, 0.50 and 0.66) nanoparticles were prepared by coprecipitation method. The effect of Zn{sup 2+} substitution on the structural, morphological and magnetic properties of the nanoparitcles were studied by different techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), magnetometry, magnetic thermogravimetry and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The results of XRD showed that all samples have spinel structure with an increase in lattice parameter by increasing the content of Zn{sup 2+}. FTIR spectra were proved the synthesis of maghemite and Zn{sup 2+} substituted maghemite with appearance of the related absorption bands and band shift upon Zn{sup 2+} substitution. Morphological studies by FESEM demonstrated that the nanoparticles were uniform and spherical with average particle size in range of 20–24 nm. Room temperature magnetic measurements showed that as Zn{sup 2+} content increases, saturation magnetization initially increase up to 75.34 emu/g for y=0.11 and then decrease to 3.65 emu/g for y=0.66, due to substitution of magnetic Fe{sup 3+} by non-magnetic Zn{sup 2+}. Decrease in Curie temperature of the samples, from 510 for maghemite to 250 °C for y=0.36, by increasing the Zn{sup 2+} substitution was a result of reduction of superexchange interactions between different sites. Then, the Curie temperature increased up to 680 °C for y=0.66 which was due to migration of some Zn{sup 2+} ions from A to B sites in the structure of spinel. Room temperature Mössbauer spectra exhibited that the sample with y=0.0 was superparamagnetic, while by increasing the content of Zn{sup 2+}, relaxation effect increased by weakening of A–B exchange interaction. - Highlights: • Synthesis of Zn{sup 2+}-substituted maghemite via co-precipitation/oxidation method. • Increase in lattice

  15. Synthesis, structures, and luminescent and magnetic properties of Ln-Ag heterometal-organic frameworks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiao-Qing; Zhao, Bin; Wei, Shi; Cheng, Peng

    2009-12-07

    A series of Ln-Ag heterometal-organic frameworks based on 4-hydroxylpyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (H(3)CAM) with formulas {LaAg(2)(CAM)(HCAM)(H(2)O)(2)}(n) (1), {LnAg(HCAM)(2)(H(2)O)(3)}(n) (Ln = Pr, 2; Nd, 3; Sm, 4; Eu, 5), and {LnAg(3)(CAM)(2)(H(2)O)}(n) (Ln = Gd, 6; Tb, 7; Dy, 8; Tm, 9; Yb, 10), have been synthesized with the hydrothermal reaction of Ln(OH)(3), Ag(2)O, and H(3)CAM at 160 degrees C. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that three kinds of structures are exclusively governed by the size of lanthanide ions and the progression of structures is mainly ascribed to the lanthanide contraction effect. Compound 1 consists of a 3D network with an alpha-polonium-like Ag(+)-homometallic net and helical La(3+) chain. Compounds 2-5 display a 2D honeycomb-like structure with 18-membered Ln(3)Ag(3)O(12) motifs, and compounds 6-10 can be described as a sandwich-like 3D framework built of a 3D Ag(+)-homometallic net and 2D Ln(3+)-4(4) layer. In 4 (Sm), 5 (Eu), 7 (Tb), and 8 (Dy) samples, the efficient energy transfer from CAM to Ln(III) ions was observed, which results in the typical intense emissions of corresponding Ln(III) ions in the visible region, and the strongest emissions are (4)G(5/2) --> (6)H(7/2) (602 nm), (5)D(0) --> (7)F(2) (614 nm), (5)D(4) --> (7)F(5) (548 nm), and (4)F(9/2) --> (6)H(13/2) (576 nm) transitions. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements of 6-10 show that the ferromagnetic interaction between gadolinium(III) ions appears in 6, whereas the mu(eff) values of 7-10 smoothly decrease on cooling. For the orbital contribution of Ln(III) ions, it is very difficult to determine the intrinsic magnetic interactions between Ln(III) ions.

  16. On the adsorption properties of magnetic fluids: Impact of bulk structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubovcikova, Martina; Gapon, Igor V.; Zavisova, Vlasta; Koneracka, Martina; Petrenko, Viktor I.; Soltwedel, Olaf; Almasy, László; Avdeev, Mikhail V.; Kopcansky, Peter

    2017-04-01

    Adsorption of nanoparticles from magnetic fluids (MFs) on solid surface (crystalline silicon) was studied by neutron reflectometry (NR) and related to the bulk structural organization of MFs concluded from small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The initial aqueous MF with nanomagnetite (co-precipitation reaction) stabilized by sodium oleate and MF modified by a biocompatible polymer, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), were considered. Regarding the bulk structure it was confirmed in the SANS experiment that comparatively small and compact (size 30 nm) aggregates of nanoparticle in the initial sample transfer to large and developed (size>130 nm, fractal dimension 2.7) associates in the PEG modified MF. This reorganization in the aggregates correlates with the changes in the neutron reflectivity that showed that a single adsorption layer of individual nanoparticles on the oxidized silicon surface for the initial MF disappears after the PEG modification. It is concluded that all particles in the modified fluid are in the aggregates that are not adsorbed by silicon.

  17. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of transition metal atom-doped ZnS dilute magnetic semiconductors: A first-principles study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Zhu-Hua [College of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian, 710119, Shaanxi (China); Zhang, Jian-Min, E-mail: jmzhang@snnu.edu.cn [College of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian, 710119, Shaanxi (China); Xu, Ke-Wei [State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xian Jiaotong University, Xian, 710049, Shaanxi (China)

    2016-11-01

    The spin-polarized first-principles calculations are performed to study the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of a single and two identical transition metal (TM) atoms X (X = V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) doped ZnS dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS). The single V-, Cr-, Fe- and Ni-doped ZnS systems exhibit the magnetic half-metallic (HM) characters, while Mn- and Co-doped ZnS systems display magnetic semiconducting characters. For two identical TM atoms doped ZnS systems, the two identical V, Cr and Ni atoms are in a ferromagnetic (FM) coupling under the double-exchange (DE) mechanism, leading V-, Cr- and Ni-doped ZnS systems to be HM with FM coupling. While two identical Mn- and Co-doped ZnS systems are semiconductors with antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupling consisting with the superexchange (SE) mechanism. Specifically, two identical Fe atoms display a competition between the SE and DE mechanisms. The Zn{sub 70}Fe{sub 2}S{sub 72} system is metal with AFM coupling at the nearest separation of two Fe atoms while HM with FM coupling at the farther separations of two Fe atoms. - Graphical abstract: The 3 × 2 × 3 supercell containing 72 formula units of zincblende ZnS. Red (Green) balls represent the S (Zn) atoms. One TM atom or two identical TM atoms X (X = V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co or Ni) to substitute for one Zn atom at position 0 or two Zn atoms at positions 0 and i (i = 1, 2, 3 or 4). - Highlights: • A single V, Cr, Fe or Ni (Mn or Co) atoms doped ZnS are magnetic HM (magnetic semiconductor). • Two V, Cr or Ni (two Mn or Co) atoms doped ZnS are FM HM (AFM semiconductor). • Two Fe atoms doped ZnS are AFM metal (FM HM) at the nearest (farther) separations.

  18. Structural, magnetic and electronic properties on the Li-doped manganites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmed, A.M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, 82524 Sohag (Egypt); Papavassiliou, G. [Institute of Materials Science, NCSR Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi (Greece); Mohamed, H.F., E-mail: h.fathy@science.sohag.edu.eg [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, 82524 Sohag (Egypt); Ibrahim, E.M.M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, 82524 Sohag (Egypt)

    2015-10-15

    We present results of a comprehensive investigation of the structural, frequency dependent ac susceptibility, dc magnetization, magnetoresistance and thermoelectric power measurements on polycrystalline samples of La{sub 1−x}Li{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (0.05≤x≤0.30). All samples undergo ferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition and metal to semiconductor transition. A cusp in the zero field-cooled in dc magnetization and a frequency-dependent peak in the ac susceptibility reveal the glassy behaviors. The out of phase component of the ac susceptibility shows frequency-dependent peaks below the Curie temperature (indicative of glassy behavior) which have previously been interpreted in terms of freezing of clusters. The grain boundaries play a dominant role in the conduction process. The framework of the magnon and phonon drag concept analyzed thermoelectric power data at low temperature, while small polaron conduction mechanism explained thermoelectric power data at high temperature. It has been found that the percolation threshold sample is x=0.10, so the author’s point of view refers to make spot on this sample in the future works. - Highlights: • The investigated samples undergo FM to PM and metal to semiconductor transition. • The M(T){sub ZFC} and χ(T){sub ZFC} measurements reveal that the glassy behaviors. • The χ''(T){sub ZFC} shows dependent peak where interpreted in the cluster freeze. • The TEP data analyzed in the magnon and phonon drag, and small polaron mechanism.

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of Ni nanofilms on Ge(001) by molecular beam epitaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocirnea, Amelia Elena; Costescu, Ruxandra Maria; Pasuk, Iuliana; Lungu, George Adrian; Teodorescu, Cristian Mihail

    2017-12-01

    Ni films of 20 nm nominal thickness were grown on Ge(001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy at several different temperatures from room temperature up to 400 °C. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveal the nucleation of Ni-Ge compounds (NiGe, Ni2Ge, Ni5Ge2) as well as a departure from the fcc Ni structure exhibited by the films at and beyond a temperature of 100 °C. The binding energy of the Ni 2p peak increases from the RT value (852.7 eV) by 0.5-1.1 eV for the Ni/Ge(001) samples, while the Ge 2p binding energy changes by 0.6-0.7 eV after Ni growth compared to a clean Ge(001) substrate (there is only a ±0.15 eV shift among the samples grown on substrates at higher temperatures). By increasing substrate temperature, we obtained higher intermixing of Ni and Ge, but rather than both Ni and Ge interdiffusing, we find that Ni diffuses further into the germanium with higher substrate temperature, forming increasingly Ni-rich Ni-Ge compounds diluted into the Ge matrix. Based on Magneto-optic Kerr Effect measurements, Ni/Ge(001) grown on substrates at 100 and 200 °C does not exhibit a hysteresis loop, while the samples on 300 and 400 °C substrates show magnetic behavior, which we attribute to the magnetic character of hexagonal Ni5Ge2 (which is determined here for the first time to be a ferromagnetic phase).

  20. Heating efficiency and correlation between the structural and magnetic properties of oleic acid coated MnFe2O4 nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raland, R. D.; Saikia, D.; Borgohain, C.; Borah, J. P.

    2017-08-01

    In pursuit of developing magnetic nanoparticles with optimal heat dissipation capabilities, we have successfully synthesized manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles coated with various concentrations of oleic acid (OA) via co-precipitation. We found that the particle size decreases gradually with increasing OA concentration (35 nm for 0% OA  →  30 nm for 5% OA  →  27 nm for 7% OA  →  20 nm for 9% OA), which was confirmed by the x-ray diffractogram, Williamson-Hall plot and transmission electron micrograph. We also observe a decrease in lattice parameter, and interestingly, change in the shape of MnFe2O4 nanoparticles to quasi-cubic with the increase of OA concentration. These structural changes also manifest in the cation re-distribution, bond length and angle between the octahedral and tetrahedral sites. The magnetic properties are determined by vibrational sample magnetometry (VSM), which shows an increase in the saturation magnetization (M s) from 26 emu g-1 to 38 emu g-1 with almost negligible coercivity, indicating the superparamagnetic nature of the nanoparticles. Finally, the efficiency of induction heating is measured by its specific absorption rate (SAR) and intrinsic loss power (ILP), whose value varies as a function of saturation magnetization, engendered by the changes in the structural motifs of the MnFe2O4 nanoparticles under the influence of OA coating and their concentrations. This study demonstrates the quantitative link between the size, shape and magnetic anisotropy, which are intimately entwined with the heating performance of the nanoparticle.

  1. Synthesis of ferrofluids based on cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: Influence of reaction time on structural, morphological and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirabadizadeh, Ahmad; Salighe, Zohre; Sarhaddi, Reza; Lotfollahi, Zahra

    2017-07-01

    In this work, for first time the ferrofluids based on the cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles were prepared by the co-precipitation method at different reaction times (0.5-6.5 h). Crystal structure, morphology and magnetic properties of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and the ferrofluids based on the nanoparticles were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD patterns of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles synthesized at different reaction times indicated that all samples are single phase in accordance with inverse cubic spinel structure with space group Fd-3m, and no impurity phase was observed. By increasing the reaction time to 3.5 h, the lattice parameter and the average crystallites size increased and then afterwards decreased by increasing the reaction time. The microscopic studies indicated the formation of nanosized particles with nearly spherical in shape, whereas the average particle size for all samples is found to be less than 50 nm. The results of VSM also showed that the saturation magnetization and coercivity field of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and the ferrofluids were influenced by reaction time, whereas the ferrofluids have lower values of magnetic parameters than that of nanoparticles.

  2. Structural and magnetic properties of transition metal substituted BaFe2As2 compounds studied by x-ray and neutron scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Min Gyu [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of my dissertation is to understand the structural and magnetic properties of the newly discovered FeAs-based superconductors and the interconnection between superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and structure. X-ray and neutron scattering techniques are powerful tools to directly observe the structure and magnetism in this system. I used both x-ray and neutron scattering techniques on different transition substituted BaFe2As2 compounds in order to investigate the substitution dependence of structural and magnetic transitions and try to understand the connections between them.

  3. Influence of rare earth (Nd{sup +3}) doping on structural and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline manganese-zinc ferrite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naik, Pranav P., E-mail: drppn1987@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa, 403206 (India); Tangsali, R.B. [Department of Physics, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa, 403206 (India); Meena, S.S.; Yusuf, S.M. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, 400085 (India)

    2017-04-15

    Ultrafine nanopowders of Mn{sub 0.6}Zn{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 2-x}Nd{sub x}O{sub 4} (x = 0, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, and 0.1) were prepared using combustion method. The influence of Nd{sup +3} doping on structural parameters, morphological characteristics and magnetic properties were investigated. Formation of pure spinel phase was confirmed using X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD). Nd{sup +3} doping in Mn-Zn ferrite samples have shown remarkable influence on all the properties that were under investigation. An increase in lattice constant commensurate with increasing Nd{sup +3} concentrations was observed in the samples. The crystallite size calculated from XRPD data and grain size observed from Transmission Electron Microscope showed a proportionate decrement with increment in rare earth doping. An increase in mass density, X-ray density, particle strain and decrease in porosity were the other effects noticed on the samples as a result of Nd{sup +3} doping. The corresponding tetrahedral, octahedral bond lengths and bond angles estimated from XRPD data have also shown substantial influence of the Nd{sup +3} doping. Magnetic parameters namely saturation magnetization (M{sub S}) and net magnetic moment η{sub B}, estimated using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were found to depend on the Nd{sup +3} doping. Mössbauer spectroscopy was employed to study the magnetic environment of Mössbauer active ions and detection of superparamagnetic behavior in nanocrystalline rare earth ferrite material. The isomer shift values obtained from Mössbauer spectra indicate the presence of Fe{sup +3} ions at tetrahedral site (A-site) and octahedral site (B-site), respectively. - Highlights: • Synthesis of Nd doped Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles using combustion method. • Successful doping of Nd{sup +3} at octahedral site in ferrite structure. • Existence of Fe{sup +3} oxidation state at both A-Site and B-site. • Enhanced saturation magnetization due to altered cation distribution by Nd doping

  4. Structure and Magnetic Properties of a Mixed-Valence Heptanuclear Manganese Cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbati, Gian Luca; Cornia, Andrea; Fabretti, Antonio C.; Caneschi, Andrea; Gatteschi, Dante

    1998-07-27

    Two novel polynuclear manganese(II,III) complexes have been synthesized by exploiting controlled methanolysis. A one-pot reaction of MnCl(2), NaOMe, dibenzoylmethane (Hdbm), and O(2) in anhydrous methanol, followed by recrystallization from MeOH/CHCl(3) mixtures, afforded the alkoxomanganese complexes [Mn(7)(OMe)(12)(dbm)(6)].CHCl(3).14MeOH (2) and [Mn(2)(OMe)(2)(dbm)(4)] (3). Complex 2 crystallizes in trigonal space group R&thremacr; with a = 14.439(2) Å, alpha = 86.34(1) degrees, and Z = 1. Complex 3 crystallizes in triclinic space group P&onemacr; with a = 9.612(1) Å, b = 10.740(1) Å, c = 13.168(1) Å, alpha = 80.39(1) degrees, beta = 87.66(1) degrees, gamma = 83.57(1) degrees, and Z = 1. The solid-state structure of 2 comprises a [Mn(6)(OMe)(12)(dbm)(6)] "crown" with crystallographically imposed 6-fold symmetry plus a central manganese ion. The layered Mn/O core mimics a fragment of the manganese oxide mineral lithiophorite. Conductivity measurements confirmed the nonionic character of 2 and suggested a mixed-valence Mn(II)(3)Mn(III)(4) formulation. The metrical parameters of the core were analyzed with the aid of bond-valence sum calculations. The central ion is essentially a valence-trapped Mn(II) ion, whereas the average Mn-O distances for the manganese ions of the "crown" are consistent with the presence of two Mn(II) and four Mn(III) ions. However, (1)H NMR spectra in solution strongly support valence localization and suggest that the observed solid-state structure may be a result of static disorder effects. Magnetic susceptibility vs T and magnetization vs field data at low temperature are consistent with an S = (17)/(2) ground state. Complex 3 is a symmetric alkoxo-bridged dimer. The two high-spin Mn(III) ions are antiferromagnetically coupled with J = 0.28(4) cm(-)(1), g = 1.983(2), and D = -2.5(4) cm(-)(1).

  5. Synthesis and property investigations of well-defined polymer/inorganic core-shell nanomaterials with structural, optical, electronic and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravano, Stefanie Marie

    Polymer grafted inorganic nano-objects typically consist of an inorganic core with an end-grafted, tailored polymer shell. Herein described is the combination of magnetic, electronic, or optical properties of the inorganic core with the versatile mechanical and chemical properties of the polymer shell. The synthesis, characterization and application of nanomaterials require interdisciplinary work. For example, Fe2O3/Poly(styrene) core-shell structures were synthesized using chemical analysis, characterized using physics and implemented as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) agent using biology. There are three structural components to the core-shell particles: the inorganic core, the interface and the polymer shell. The inorganic core can impart properties to the overall structure, such as photoluminescence, magnetism, and mechanical reinforcement, which cannot easily be obtained using just organic materials. The interface where the core and shell meet is another key component in the design of the core-shell nanoparticle. The polymeric shell must be tethered to the core for optimum stability of the structure and to overcome potential incompatibilities between the two phases. The distribution of polymeric initiators as tethers allowed for polymerization from the surface. The research described used "grafting from" methods by living polymerizations. The grafted polymer can add function to the overall hybrid, as chemical functionality in the side chains can assist in particle self-assembly or serve as a scaffold for the attachment of biological molecules. The polymer, itself, can serve as a protective barrier, a matrix for the composite, or a solubility/dispersibility enhancer. The effect of variations in the length of the polymer chains on mechanical and morphological properties was studied. The research described herein will develop the ideas of core-shell structures: (1) in macro-scale synthesis and application of spherical silica particles in poly

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of Ni-Zn and Ni-Zn-Co ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knyazev, A.V., E-mail: knyazevav@gmail.com [N.I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, Gagarin Prospekt 23/2, 603950 Nizhni Novgorod (Russian Federation); Zakharchuk, I.; Lähderanta, E. [Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851 Lappeenranta (Finland); Baidakov, K.V.; Knyazeva, S.S. [N.I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, Gagarin Prospekt 23/2, 603950 Nizhni Novgorod (Russian Federation); Ladenkov, I.V. [Joint-stock Company “Research and Production Company “Salut”, Nizhni Novgorod (Russian Federation)

    2017-08-01

    Highlights: • Ni-Zn and Ni-Zn-Co ferrite powders were prepared by the solid-state reaction at 1073 K. • The room temperature saturation magnetizations are 59.7 emu/g for Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and 57.1 emu/g for Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.3}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. • The coercivity of the samples is found to be much larger than that of bulk ferrites and increases with Co introduction. • The temperature dependences of magnetization exhibit large spin frustration and spin-glass-like behavior. - Abstract: Ni-Zn and Ni-Zn-Co ferrite powders with nominal compositions Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.3}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were prepared by the solid-state reaction synthesis with periodic regrinding during the calcination at 1073 K. The structure of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.3}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was refined assuming space group F d-3m. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the average sizes of the crystalline ferrite particles are 130–630 nm for Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and 140–350 nm for Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.3}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. The room temperature saturation magnetizations are 59.7 emu/g for Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and 57.1 emu/g for Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.3}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. The coercivity of the samples is found to be much larger than that of bulk ferrites and increases with Co introduction. The Curie temperature tends to increase upon Zn substitution by Co, as well. The temperature dependences of magnetization measured using zero-field cooled and field cooled protocols exhibit large spin frustration and spin-glass-like behavior.

  7. Cu–Ni core–shell nanoparticles: structure, stability, electronic, and magnetic properties: a spin-polarized density functional study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Qiang, E-mail: wangqiang@njtech.edu.cn; Wang, Xinyan; Liu, Jianlan; Yang, Yanhui [Nanjing Tech University, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Institute of Advanced Synthesis (IAS) (China)

    2017-02-15

    Bimetallic core–shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) have attracted great interest not only because of their superior stability, selectivity, and catalytic activity but also due to their tunable properties achieved by changing the morphology, sequence, and sizes of both core and shell. In this study, the structure, stability, charge transfer, electronic, and magnetic properties of 13-atom and 55-atom Cu and Cu–Ni CSNPs were investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The results show that Ni@Cu CSNPs with a Cu surface shell are more energetically favorable than Cu@Ni CSNPs with a Ni surface shell. Interestingly, three-shell Ni@Cu{sub 12}@Ni{sub 42} is more stable than two-shell Cu{sub 13}@Ni{sub 42}, while two-shell Ni{sub 13}@Cu{sub 42} is more stable than three-shell Cu@Ni{sub 12}@Cu{sub 42}. Analysis of Bader charge illustrates that the charge transfer increases from Cu core to Ni shell in Cu@Ni NPs, while it decreases from Ni core to Cu shell in Ni@Cu NPs. Furthermore, the charge transfer results that d-band states have larger shift toward the Fermi level for the Ni@Cu CSNPs with Cu surface shell, while the Cu@Ni CSNPs with Ni surface shell have similar d-band state curves and d-band centers with the monometallic Ni NPs. In addition, the Cu–Ni CSNPs possess higher magnetic moment when the Ni atoms aggregated at core region of CSNPs, while having lower magnetic moment when the Ni atoms segregate on surface region. The change of the Cu atom location in CSNPs has a weak effect on the total magnetic moment. Our findings provide useful insights for the design of bimetallic core–shell catalysts.

  8. Six new coordination polymers constructed by 3-carboxyl-5-oxycarboxymethylpyridinio-1-carboxylate: Crystal structures, topologies, photoluminescent and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan, Hong-Yan [Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Reactive Chemistry on Solid Surfaces, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004 (China); Dazhou Vocational and Technical College, 448 Xujiabei Road, Sishuan 635000 (China); Han, Min-Min; Jiang, Xian-Rong; Jiang, Zhan-Guo [Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Reactive Chemistry on Solid Surfaces, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004 (China); Feng, Yun-Long, E-mail: sky37@zjnu.cn [Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Reactive Chemistry on Solid Surfaces, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004 (China)

    2013-06-01

    Six new two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers, [ML(H₂O)₃]ₙ (M=Zn (1), Cd (2), Mn (3), Co (4)), [CdL(H₂O)]ₙ} (5), [CdL(4,4´-bipy)]ₙ·nH₂O (6), (H₂L=3-carboxyl-5-oxycarboxymethylpyridinio-1-carboxylate, 4,4´-bipy=4,4´-bipyridine), have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, IR spectra, and thermogravimetric analyses. 1, 2, 3, 4 are isostructural and feature a binodal (4,6)-connected topology with left- and right-handed helical chains with a pitch of 9.9560 Å. 5 can be topologically presented as an uninodal 6-connected network if the hydrogen bonds are also considered. 6 is a binodal (3,5)-connected 2D layer network. The photoluminescent properties of 1, 2, 5, 6 and magnetic properties of 3, 4 have been studied and discussed. - Graphical abstract: The structural differences show that the ligand, the metal center, and the reaction conditions have great influence on the structure of the final assembly. Highlights: • A new asymmetric flexible tricarboxylate ligand of 3-carboxyl-5-oxycarboxymethylpyridinio-1-carboxylate was synthesized. • Six new two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers have been hydrothermally obtained. • 1, 2, 3, 4 are isostructural and feature a binodal (4,6)-connected topology with left- and right-handed helical chains. • The photoluminescent properties of 1, 2, 5, 6 and magnetic properties of 3, 4 have been studied.

  9. One-dimensional Co(II)/Ni(II) complexes of 2-hydroxyisophthalate: Structures and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kai; Zou, Hua-Hong; Chen, Zi-Lu; Zhang, Zhong; Sun, Wei-Yin; Liang, Fu-Pei

    2015-03-01

    The solvothermal reactions of 2-hydroxyisophthalic acid (H3ipO) with M(NO3)2•6H2O (M=Co, Ni) afforded two complexes [Co2(HipO)2(Py)2(H2O)2] (1) and [Ni(HipO)(Py)H2O] (2) (Py=pyridine). They exhibit similar zig-zag chain structures with the adjacent two metal centers connected by a anti-syn bridging carboxylate group from the HipO2- ligand. The magnetic measurements reveal the dominant antiferromagnetic interactions and spin-canting in 1 while ferromagnetic interactions in 2. Both of them exhibit magnetocaloric effect (MCE) with the resulting entropy changes (-ΔSm) of 12.51 J kg-1 K-1 when ΔH=50 kOe at 3 K for 1 and 11.01 J kg-1 K-1 when ΔH=50 kOe at 3 K for 2, representing the rare examples of one-dimensional complexes with MCE.

  10. Effect of Er doping on the structural and magnetic properties of cobalt-ferrite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prathapani, Sateesh; Vinitha, M.; Das, D., E-mail: ddse@uohyd.ernet.in [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Jayaraman, T. V. [Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)

    2014-05-07

    Nanocrystalline particulates of Er doped cobalt-ferrites CoFe{sub (2−x)}Er{sub x}O{sub 4} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.04), were synthesized, using sol-gel assisted autocombustion method. Co-, Fe-, and Er- nitrates were the oxidizers, and malic acid served as a fuel and chelating agent. Calcination (400–600 °C for 4 h) of the precursor powders was followed by sintering (1000 °C for 4 h) and structural and magnetic characterization. X-ray diffraction confirmed the formation of single phase of spinel for the compositions x = 0, 0.01, and 0.02; and for higher compositions an additional orthoferrite phase formed along with the spinel phase. Lattice parameter of the doped cobalt-ferrites was higher than that of pure cobalt-ferrite. The observed red shift in the doped cobalt-ferrites indicates the presence of induced strain in the cobalt-ferrite matrix due to large size of the Er{sup +3} compared to Fe{sup +3}. Greater than two-fold increase in coercivity (∼66 kA/m for x = 0.02) was observed in doped cobalt-ferrites compared to CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (∼29 kA/m)

  11. One-dimensional Co(II)/Ni(II) complexes of 2-hydroxyisophthalate: Structures and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Kai [Coordination Chemistry Institute, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for the Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Medicinal Resources, School of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004 (China); Zou, Hua-Hong; Chen, Zi-Lu; Zhang, Zhong [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for the Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Medicinal Resources, School of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004 (China); Sun, Wei-Yin [Coordination Chemistry Institute, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Liang, Fu-Pei, E-mail: fliangoffice@yahoo.com [State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for the Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Medicinal Resources, School of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004 (China); College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004 (China)

    2015-03-15

    The solvothermal reactions of 2-hydroxyisophthalic acid (H{sub 3}ipO) with M(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}∙6H{sub 2}O (M=Co, Ni) afforded two complexes [Co{sub 2}(HipO){sub 2}(Py){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (1) and [Ni(HipO)(Py)H{sub 2}O] (2) (Py=pyridine). They exhibit similar zig-zag chain structures with the adjacent two metal centers connected by a anti-syn bridging carboxylate group from the HipO{sup 2−} ligand. The magnetic measurements reveal the dominant antiferromagnetic interactions and spin-canting in 1 while ferromagnetic interactions in 2. Both of them exhibit magnetocaloric effect (MCE) with the resulting entropy changes (−ΔS{sub m}) of 12.51 J kg{sup −1} K{sup −1} when ΔH=50 kOe at 3 K for 1 and 11.01 J kg{sup −1} K{sup −1} when ΔH=50 kOe at 3 K for 2, representing the rare examples of one-dimensional complexes with MCE. - Graphical abstract: Synopsis: Two Co(II)/Ni(II) complexes with zig-zag chain structures have been reported. 1-Co shows cant-antiferromagnetism while 2-Ni shows ferromagnetism. Magnetocaloric effect is also found in both of them. - Highlights: • Two one-dimensional Co(II)/Ni(II) complexes were solvothermally synthesized. • The Co-complex exhibits canted antiferromagnetism. • The Ni-complex exhibits ferromagnetism. • Both of the complexes display magnetocaloric effect.

  12. Surfactant-thermal syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of Mn-Ge-sulfides/selenides

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Guodong

    2014-10-06

    Although either surfactants or amines have been investigated to direct the crystal growth of metal chalcogenides, the synergic effect of organic amines and surfactants to control the crystal growth has not been explored. In this report, several organic bases (hydrazine monohydrate, ethylenediamine (en), 1,2-propanediamine (1,2-dap), and 1,3-propanediamine (1,3-dap)) have been employed as structure-directing agents (SDAs) to prepare four novel chalcogenides (Mn3Ge2S7(NH3)4 (1), [Mn(en)2(H2O)][Mn(en)2MnGe3Se9] (2), (1,2-dapH)2{[Mn(1,2-dap)2]Ge2Se7} (3), and (1,3-dapH)(puH)MnGeSe4(4) (pu = propyleneurea) under surfactant media (PEG-400). These as-prepared new crystalline materials provide diverse metal coordination geometries, including MnS3N tetrahedra, MnGe2Se7 trimer, and MnGe3Se10 T2 cluster. Compounds 1-3 have been fully characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), powder XRD, UV-vis spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. Moreover, magnetic measurements for compound 1 showed an obvious antiferromagnetic transition at ∼9 K. Our research not only enriches the structural chemistry of the transitional-metal/14/16 chalcogenides but also allows us to better understand the synergic effect of organic amines and surfactants on the crystallization of metal chalcogenides.

  13. Structural and magnetic properties in Mn-doped ZnO films prepared by pulsed-laser deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiang; Wang, Yuyin; Liu, Jiandang; Kong, Wei; Ye, Bangjiao

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the structural and magnetic properties of Zn0.95Mn0.05O films prepared on sapphire substrates by pulsed-laser deposition. Only low temperature ferromagnetism (Curie temperature lower than 50 K) was observed in Mn-doped samples, while pure ZnO film shows a typical paramagnetic behavior. Structural analyses indicate that the substitutional Mn2+ ions play a significant role for the low temperature ferromagnetism. Lattice defects such as VO and VZn were not proven to be effective factors for the origin of ferromagnetism in the films. The low temperature ferromagnetism might be interpreted as p-d hybridization from indirect coupling of Mn ions (Mn-O-Mn).

  14. Structure and magnetic properties of magnetron-sputtered [(Fe/Pt/Fe)/Au]{sub n} multilayer films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Y.S. [College of Physics, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Li Haibo, E-mail: lihaibo@jlnu.edu.c [College of Physics, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000 (China); Li, W.L. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Liu Mei; Zhang Yumei [College of Physics, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000 (China); Fei, W.D. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)

    2010-07-15

    Using dc magnetron sputtering, Fe/Pt/Au multilayer films were prepared, and the effects of Au layer thickness and annealing temperature on structure and magnetic properties of the Fe/Pt/Au multilayer films were investigated. The as-deposited Fe/Pt/Au multilayer films have good periodic structure with composition modulation along the growth direction. The stress stored in the as-deposited films promoted the ordering of the films annealed at 400 deg. C. When the films were annealed at 500 deg. C, the thicker Au layer could restrain the order-disorder transformation region volume and lead to the decrease of the ordered volume fraction with Au layer thickness increasing.

  15. Polyhedral magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets: facile synthesis, structural modelling, magnetic properties and application for high capacity lithium storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Dawei; Horvat, Josip; Munroe, Paul; Ahn, Hyojun; Ranjbartoreh, Ali R; Wang, Guoxiu

    2012-01-09

    Polyhedral magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets were synthesised by a low temperature hydrothermal method. Atomistic simulation and calculations on surface attachment energy successfully predicted the polyhedral structure of magnetite nanocrystals with multiple facets. X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and high resolution transmission microscopy confirmed the crystal structure of magnetite, which is consistent with the theoretical modelling. The magnetic property measurements show the superspin glass state of the polyhedral nanocrystals, which could originate from the nanometer size of individual single crystals. When applied as an anode material in lithium ion cells, magnetite nanocrystals demonstrated an outstanding electrochemical performance with a high lithium storage capacity, a satisfactory cyclability, and an excellent high rate capacity. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Mn{sub 3}N{sub 2}(0 0 1) surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerrero-Sánchez, J., E-mail: guerrero@ifuap.buap.mx [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Instituto de Física “Ing Luis Rivera Terrazas”, Apartado Postal J-48, Puebla 72570 (Mexico); Mandru, Andrada-Oana; Wang, Kangkang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Takeuchi, Noboru [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 14, Ensenada, Baja California, Codigo Postal 22800 (Mexico); Cocoletzi, Gregorio H. [Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Instituto de Física “Ing Luis Rivera Terrazas”, Apartado Postal J-48, Puebla 72570 (Mexico); Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States)

    2015-11-15

    Graphical abstract: - Abstract: Spin-polarized first-principles total energy calculations have been performed to study the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Mn{sub 3}N{sub 2}(0 0 1) surfaces. It is found that three surface terminations are energetically stable, in agreement with previous scanning tunneling microscopy experiments that have found three different electronic contrasts in their images. It is also found that in all three cases, the topmost layer has a MnN stoichiometry. Density of states calculations show a metallic behavior for all the stable structures with the most important contribution close to the Fermi level coming from the Mn-d orbitals. Our Tersoff–Hamann scanning tunneling microscopy simulations are in good agreement with previous experimental results.

  17. Structural, electrical and magnetic properties of mechanically activated manganese and zinc ferrite

    OpenAIRE

    Luković, Miloljub D.; Nikolić, Maria Vesna; Balaz, Nelu; Milutinov, Miodrag; Vasiljević, Zorka; Labus, Nebojša; Aleksić, Obrad

    2017-01-01

    Starting hematite (Fe2O3), zinc oxide (ZnO) and manganese carbonate (MnCO3) powders were homogenized in a planetary ball mill in stainless steel bowls with stainless steel balls for 15 min, calcined in air at 1000 C for 2 h, milled in a planetary ball mill for 30 minutes, followed by 4 h in an aghate mill, sieved through a 325 mesh to form four starting powders: MnFe2O4, ZnFe2O4, Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 and a two-phase mixture of zinc and manganese ferrite. Structural properties of the obtained powd...

  18. Structural and magnetic properties of holmium-scandium alloys and superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryn-Jacobsen, C.; Cowley, R.A.; McMorrow, D.F.

    1997-01-01

    in the alloys form a basal-plane helix at all temperatures, with distortions of the helical arrangement for samples with the highest Ho concentrations. The dependences of the Neel temperature, T-N and the helical wave vector upon both temperature and concentration are compared with those of other alloy systems......The properties of Ho-Sc alloys and superlattices grown by molecular-beam epitaxy have been investigated using x-ray and neutron-diffraction techniques. Structural studies reveal that the alloy samples have different a lattice parameters for the Sc-seed layer and the Ho:Sc alloy grown on top....... It is found that a good description of the dependence of T-N upon concentration is given by a virtual-crystal model where the peak in the conduction-electron susceptibility varies linearly between that of the pure constituents. In the superlattices, the moments also form a basal-plane helix at T...

  19. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of Eu-doped CoFe2O4 nano-ferrites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiman Zubair

    Full Text Available Europium (Eu doped spinel cobalt ferrites having composition CoEuxFe2−xO4 where x = 0.00, 0.03, 0.06, 0.09, 0.12 were fabricated by co-precipitation route. In order to observe the phase development of the ferrite samples, thermo-gravimetric analysis was carried out. The synthesized samples were subjected to X-ray diffraction analysis for structural investigation. All the samples were found to constitute face centered cubic (FCC spinel structure belonging to Fd3m space group. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the formation of nanocrystalline grains with spherical shape. Energy dispersive X-ray spectra confirmed the presence of Co, Eu, Fe and O elements with no existence of any impurity. The magnetic hysteresis curves measured at room temperature exhibited ferrimagnetic behavior with maximum saturation magnetization (Ms of 65 emu/g and coercivity (Hc of 966 Oe. The origin of ferrimagnetism in Eu doped cobalt ferrites was discussed in detail with reverence to the allocation of Co2+ and Fe3+ ions within the spinel lattice. The overall coercivity was increased (944–966 Oe and magnetization was decreased (65–46 emu/g with the substitution of Eu3+. The enhancement of former is ascribed to the transition from multi domain to single domain state and reduction in lateral is attributed to the incorporation of nonmagnetic Eu ions for Fe, resulting in weak superexchange interactions. Keywords: Europium doped cobalt ferrites, Co-precipitation, X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy, Magnetic properties

  20. Structural, Magnetic and Microwave Absorption Properties of Hydrothermally Synthesized (Gd, Mn, Co) Substituted Ba-Hexaferrite Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torabi, Z.; Arab, A.; Ghanbari, F.

    2017-11-01

    Gd, Mn and Co substituted barium hexagonal ferrite nanoparticles, according to the formula Ba1-x Gd x Fe12-2y (MnCo) y O19 and the proportion of y = x/2 (and x = 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, 1), have been prepared by hydrothermal method. Structural, magnetic and absorption microwave properties of the compositions were evaluated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), vibrating sample magnetometry, and vector network analysis. Studying the XRDs data showed the single-phase structure of all samples without any impurities at 900°C calcination temperature. FE-SEM micrographs demonstrated that the morphology of the nanoparticles has planar and nearly hexagonal morphology. The nanoparticles size calculated within the range of 62-85 nm. Study of the room temperature hysteresis loops of calcined samples indicated that maximum magnetizations and coercivities decreased compared to undoped composite with respect to x. The alterations of magnetizations and coercivities are related to the site occupation of substituted ions, change in grain growth inhibition and the effect of spin canting. Moreover, the results of microwave absorption measurements demonstrated that the maximum reflection loss of substituted Ba-hexaferrite equivalent to - 47 dB in sample x = 0.5 with thickness 5.6 mm at a frequency about 17.2 GHz and a bandwidth of 2 GHz greater than - 10 dB. The results showed that Gd has good potential for use as a rare-earth substitution in permanent magnet hexaferrites and these composites can be employed as absorbers in the gigahertz frequency range.

  1. Synthesis of ferrofluids based on cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: Influence of reaction time on structural, morphological and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amirabadizadeh, Ahmad; Salighe, Zohre; Sarhaddi, Reza, E-mail: reza.sarhaddi@birjand.ac.ir; Lotfollahi, Zahra

    2017-07-15

    Highlights: • Ferrofluids based on cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation method. • The crystallite and particle size of cobalt ferrite can be controlled effectively by reaction time. • The ferrofluids have lower values of saturation magnetization and coercivity as compared to nanoparticles. • By increasing the size of nanoparticles, the narrower and sharper spikes of ferrofluids are formed. - Abstract: In this work, for first time the ferrofluids based on the cobalt ferrite (CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) nanoparticles were prepared by the co-precipitation method at different reaction times (0.5–6.5 h). Crystal structure, morphology and magnetic properties of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and the ferrofluids based on the nanoparticles were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD patterns of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles synthesized at different reaction times indicated that all samples are single phase in accordance with inverse cubic spinel structure with space group Fd-3m, and no impurity phase was observed. By increasing the reaction time to 3.5 h, the lattice parameter and the average crystallites size increased and then afterwards decreased by increasing the reaction time. The microscopic studies indicated the formation of nanosized particles with nearly spherical in shape, whereas the average particle size for all samples is found to be less than 50 nm. The results of VSM also showed that the saturation magnetization and coercivity field of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and the ferrofluids were influenced by reaction time, whereas the ferrofluids have lower values of magnetic parameters than that of nanoparticles.

  2. Structural stability, electronic structure and magnetic properties of the new hypothetical half-metallic ferromagnetic full-Heusler alloy CoNiMnSi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elahmar M.H.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the structural stability as well as the mechanical, electronic and magnetic properties of the Full-Heusler alloy CoNiMnSi using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW method. Two generalized gradient approximations (GGA and GGA + U were used to treat the exchange-correlation energy functional. The ground state properties of CoNiMnSi including the lattice parameter and bulk modulus were calculated. The elastic constants (Cij and their related elastic moduli as well as the thermodynamic properties for CoNiMnSi have been calculated for the first time. The existence of half-metallic ferromagnetism (HM-FM in this material is apparent from its band structure. Our results classify CoNiMnSi as a new HM-FM material with high spin polarization suitable for spintronic applications.

  3. Several (4,4)- and (5,6,8)-connected lanthanide-organic frameworks: structures, luminescence and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiao-Qing; Liu, Xu-Hui; Zhao, Bin

    2013-10-01

    A series of lanthanide-based organic frameworks with formulas of {[PrL(H2O)2]·2H2O}n () and {[Ln3L3(H2O)2]·2H2O}n (Ln = Eu (), Gd (), Tb (), Dy (), Ho (), Er (); H3L = 4-(carboxymethoxy)isophthalic acid), were hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. It is the first time that 4-(carboxymethoxy)isophthalic acid is employed in producing lanthanide compounds. The seven compounds exhibit two types of structures with the decreasing radius of the lanthanide ions, representing the lanthanide contraction effect. Compound with the large Pr(3+) ion displays a 2D layered structure with a binodal (4,4)-connected topology with the Schläfli symbol of (3(3)6(3))2, whereas compounds with small Ln(3+) ions feature a 3D framework constructed from carboxyl groups with a (5,6,8)-connected topology with the Schläfli symbol of (3(2)4(4)5(4))·(3(4)4(4)5(4)6(3))·(3(4)4(8)5(6)6(9)8). The luminescence and magnetic properties were investigated, and the results indicate that the H3L ligand can sensitize the lanthanide luminescence in compounds , and and makes a contribution to the antiferromagnetic interactions in compound or the uncertain magnetic interactions in compounds . Additionally, the thermal analyses suggest the high thermal stability of compounds .

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of yttrium and lanthanum-doped Ni-Co and Ni-Co-Zn spinel ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stergiou, Charalampos, E-mail: stergiou@cperi.certh.gr [Laboratory of Inorganic Materials, Centre for Research and Technology-Hellas, 57001, Thermi (Greece); Litsardakis, George, E-mail: lits@eng.auth.gr [Laboratory of Materials for Electrotechnics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124, Thessaloniki (Greece)

    2014-11-05

    Rare earth doping of Co-rich spinel ferrites is investigated through the preparation of two groups of polycrystalline Ni-Co and Ni-Co-Zn ferrites, where Fe is partly substituted by Y and La. The characterization of the sintered ferrites by means of X-ray powder diffraction and Rietveld profile analysis, indicates the subtle expansion of the spinel unit cell and the cation redistribution in the doped ferrites in order to accommodate the incorporation of Y and La in the lattice. The impurity traces, detected only in the Ni-Co-Zn group, is ascribed to the Zn population in the tetrahedral A-sites impeding the cation transfer. Moreover, the examined microstructure of the doped Ni-Co samples comprises enlarged and more homogeneous grains, whereas grain growth is moderated in the doped Ni-Co-Zn ferrites. The discussed characteristics of the crystal and magnetic structure along with the morphological aspects define the impact of Y and La doping on the static magnetic properties of Ni-Co and Ni-Co-Zn ferrites, saturation magnetization MS and coercivity HC, which were extracted from the respective hysteresis loops.

  5. Electronic structures and magnetic properties of 3d and 4d transition-metal impurities in ferromagnetic Fe

    CERN Document Server

    Park, J H; Min, B I; Cho, H S

    2000-01-01

    Employing the self-consistent local approach, the tight-binding linear-muffin-tin orbital recursion method, we have investigated the electronic structures and the magnetic properties of 3d and 4d transition-metal (TM) impurities in ferromagnetic bcc Fe. In both 3d and 4d TM impurities, virtual bound states appear and are characterized by a high density of states in the energy spectrum. The characters of the states are studied by calculating the bond order between interaction orbitals. For early TM impurities, the states at the impurity sites have more antibonding characters, while the states at neighboring Fe sites have more bonding characters. For late TM impurities, the situation is reversed. late TM impurities of both the 3d and the 4d TM series have the same magnetic ordering as the host Fe atoms whereas early TM impurities have magnetic moments antiparallel to that of the host. As for the Mn impurity, an inward relaxation of neighboring Fe atoms stabilizes the antiferromagnetic ordering with respect to t...

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of epitaxial Heusler alloy Fe2Cr0.5Co0.5Si

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu-Pu; Han, Gu-Chang; Lu, Hui; Qiu, Jinjun; Yap, Qi-Jia; Teo, Kie-Leong

    2014-05-01

    This paper reports the study of structural and magnetic properties of Heusler alloy Fe2Cr0.5Co0.5Si (FCCS) thin film and its tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) effect. The smooth quaternary Heusler alloy FCCS film with surface roughness of rms value of 0.25 nm measured by atomic force microscopy and partial L21 phase was obtained by magnetron sputtering at room temperature followed by in-situ annealing at 400 °C. The saturation magnetization and coercivity of FCCS are 410 emu/cm3 and 20 Oe, respectively. The magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) using FCCS as free layer were studied in detail as a function of post-annealing temperature. A TMR ratio of 15.6% has been achieved with 300 °C post-annealing. This is about twice the highest TMR ratio obtained in MTJs using Fe2CrSi. The enhancement of TMR ratio can be attributed to the successful tuning of the Fermi level of Fe2CrSi close to the center of the minority band gap by Co-doping.

  7. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nano-particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alarifi, A. [Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Deraz, N.M., E-mail: nmderaz@yahoo.co [Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Physical Chemistry Department, Laboratory of Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo (Egypt); Shaban, S. [Refining Division, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI), Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)

    2009-11-03

    NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nano-particles were synthesized by a simple and cost-effective method using Ni and Fe nitrates and glycine. Significant effect of the ratio between glycine and nitrates on the physical parameters like crystalline phase, crystallite size, and particle size, lattice constant and magnetic properties of the nano-particles has been investigated. The X-ray diffraction, IR and selected-area electron diffraction results indicated that the synthesized nickel ferrite particles have the nanometer size and inverse spinel structure. Room temperature magnetization results showed a ferromagnetic behavior of the NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nano-particles, with saturation specific magnetization values in the range of 2.387-57 emu/g at 15 kOe. The corecivity of the NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nano-powders changed from 65.58 to 148.8 Oe according to the change in the ratio between glycine and nitrates.

  8. Magnetically frustrated double perovskites: synthesis, structural properties, and magnetic order of Sr{sub 2}BOsO{sub 6} (B = Y, In, Sc)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, Avijit Kumar; Sarapulova, Angelina; Adler, Peter; Kanungo, Sudipta; Mikhailova, Daria; Schnelle, Walter; Hu, Zhiwei; Kuo, Changyang; Yan, Binghai; Felser, Claudia; Tjeng, Liu Hao [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe,Dresden (Germany); Reehuis, Manfred [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany); Siruguri, Vasudeva; Rayaprol, Sudhindra [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research (CSR), Mumbai Centre, Mumbai (India); Soo, Yunlian [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu (China); Jansen, Martin [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe,Dresden (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2015-02-15

    Double perovskites Sr{sub 2}BOsO{sub 6} (B = Y, In, and Sc) were prepared from the respective binary metal oxides, and their structural, magnetic, and electronic properties were investigated. At room temperature all these compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/n. They contain magnetic osmium (Os{sup 5+}, t{sub 2g}{sup 3}) ions and are antiferromagnetic insulators with Neel temperatures T{sub N} = 53 K, 26 K, and 92 K for B = Y, In, and Sc, respectively. Powder neutron diffraction studies on Sr{sub 2}YOsO{sub 6} and Sr{sub 2}InOsO{sub 6} showed that the crystal structures remain unchanged down to 3 K. The Y and In compounds feature a type I antiferromagnetic spin structure with ordered Os moments of 1.91 μ{sub B} and 1.77 μ{sub B}, respectively. The trend in T{sub N} does not simply follow the development of the lattice parameters, which suggests that d{sup 0} compared to d{sup 10} ions on the B site favor a somewhat different balance of exchange interactions in the frustrated Os{sup 5+} fcc-like lattice. (Copyright copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. Magnetic Structure of Erbium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gibbs, D.; Bohr, Jakob; Axe, J. D.

    1986-01-01

    , and at positions split symmetrically about the fundamental. As the temperature is lowered below 52 K the charge and magnetic scattering display a sequence of lock-in transitions to rational wave vectors. A spin-slip description of the magnetic structure is presented which explains the wave vectors...

  10. Crystalline and Electronic Structures and Magnetic and Electrical Properties of La-Doped Ca2Fe2O5 Compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phan, T. L.; Tho, P. T.; Tran, N.; Kim, D. H.; Lee, B. W.; Yang, D. S.; Thiet, D. V.; Cho, S. L.

    2018-01-01

    Brownmillerite Ca2Fe2O5 has been observed to exhibit many outstanding properties that are applicable to ecotechnology. However, very little work on doped Ca2Fe2O5 compounds has been carried out to widen their application scope. We present herein a detailed study of the crystalline/geometric and electronic structures and magnetic and electrical properties of Ca2- x La x Fe2O5 ( x = 0 to 1) prepared by conventional solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction patterns indicated that the compounds with x = 0 to 0.05 exhibited brownmillerite-type single phase. La doping with higher content ( x ≥ 0.1) stimulated additive formation of Grenier- (LaCa2Fe3O8) and perovskite-type (LaFeO3) phases. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at the Fe K-edge and electron spin resonance spectroscopy revealed presence of Fe3+ in the parent Ca2Fe2O5 ( x = 0) and both Fe3+ and Fe4+ in the doped compounds ( x ≥ 0.05). The Fe4+ content tended to increase with increasing x. This stimulates ferromagnetic exchange interactions between Fe3+ and Fe4+ ions and directly influences the magnetic properties of Ca2- x La x Fe2O5. Electrical resistivity ( ρ) measurements in the temperature range of T = 20 K to 400 K revealed that all the compounds exhibit insulator behavior; the ρ( T) data for x ≥ 0.1 could be described based on the adiabatic small polaron hopping model.

  11. Electrical and Structural Properties of Copper Thin Films Deposited by Novel RF Magnetized Plasma Sputtering with Gyratory Square-Shaped Arrangement by Bar Permanent Magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Md Amzad; Ohtsu, Yasunori

    2016-09-01

    Rotating square-shaped arrangement by bar permanent magnets has been proposed for uniform target utilization in high-density radio frequency (RF) magnetized sputtering plasma. In this work, copper thin films are grown on unheated Si wafer by RF sputtering technique. The experiments are done in stainless-steel cylindrical vacuum chamber with outer diameter of 235 mm, inner diameter of 160 mm and 195 mm in height, whereas argon (Ar) gas pressure of 1.03 [Pa], rotating the iron yoke with speed of 40 [rpm,] sputtering time of 1.5 [h], and RF input power of 100 [W] at 13.56 [MHz] are realized. The deposited copper film thickness, electrical, structural properties and plasma density are investigated for case (a) without iron cover and case (b) with iron cover, respectively placed on the contact zone between the N-pole and the S-pole magnets. Radial profiles of the deposited copper thin film thickness and resistivity for case (b) are more uniform than case (a). It is found that the resistivities of deposited copper thin film for case (a) and (b) are approximately 7.89 × 10-8 Ω -m and 4.33 × 10-8 Ω -m, respectively at r = 30 mm. From AFM analysis, the uniformity of thin films grown throughout surface is better case (b) than case (a). The roughness of radial profile of the film thickness for case (a) and case (b) are 22.3% and 6.55%, respectively.

  12. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of magnetically dead layers in epitaxial CoF e2O4/A l2O3/Si (111 ) films studied by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakabayashi, Yuki K.; Nonaka, Yosuke; Takeda, Yukiharu; Sakamoto, Shoya; Ikeda, Keisuke; Chi, Zhendong; Shibata, Goro; Tanaka, Arata; Saitoh, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Masaaki; Fujimori, Atsushi; Nakane, Ryosho

    2017-09-01

    Epitaxial CoF e2O4/A l2O3 bilayers are expected to be highly efficient spin injectors into Si owing to the spin filter effect of CoF e2O4 . To exploit the full potential of this system, understanding the microscopic origin of magnetically dead layers at the CoF e2O4/A l2O3 interface is necessary. In this paper, we study the cation distribution, electronic structures, and the magnetic properties of CoF e2O4(111 ) layers with various thicknesses (thickness d =1.4 , 2.3, 4, and 11 nm) in the epitaxial CoF e2O4(111 ) /A l2O3(111 ) /Si (111 ) structures using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) combined with cluster-model calculation. The magnetization of CoF e2O4 measured by XMCD gradually decreases with decreasing thickness d , and finally, a magnetically dead layer is clearly detected at d =1.4 nm . The magnetically dead layer has frustration of magnetic interactions, which is revealed from comparison between the magnetizations at 300 and 6 K. From analysis using configuration-interaction cluster-model calculation, the decrease of d leads to a decrease in the inverse-to-normal spinel structure ratio and also a decrease in the average valence of Fe at the octahedral sites. These results strongly indicate that the magnetically dead layer at the CoF e2O4/A l2O3 interface originates from various complex networks of superexchange interactions through the change in the cation distribution and electronic structure. Furthermore, from comparison of the magnetic properties between d =1.4 and 2.3 nm, it is found that the ferrimagnetic order of the magnetically dead layer at the CoF e2O4/A l2O3 interface is partially restored by increasing the thickness from d =1.4 to 2.3 nm.

  13. Magnetic Structure of Sunspots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan M. Borrero

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this review we give an overview about the current state-of-knowledge of the magnetic field in sunspots from an observational point of view. We start by offering a brief description of tools that are most commonly employed to infer the magnetic field in the solar atmosphere with emphasis in the photosphere of sunspots. We then address separately the global and local magnetic structure of sunspots, focusing on the implications of the current observations for the different sunspots models, energy transport mechanisms, extrapolations of the magnetic field towards the Corona, and other issues.

  14. Ti{sub 2}FeZ (Z=Al, Ga, Ge) alloys: Structural, electronic, and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liping, Mao, E-mail: mlp_920306@163.com [Department of Medical Engineering and Technology, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang (China); Yongfan, Shi [Department of Medical Engineering and Technology, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang (China); Yu, Han [Xinjiang New Energy Research Institute, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang (China)

    2014-11-15

    Using the first-principle projector augmented wave potential within the generalized gradient approximation taking into account the on-site Coulomb repulsive, we investigate the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Ti{sub 2}FeZ (Z=Al, Ga, Ge) alloys with Hg{sub 2}CuTi-type structure. These alloys are found to be half-metallic ferrimagnets. The total magnetic moments of the Heusler alloys Ti{sub 2}FeZ follow the µ{sub t}=Z{sub t}−18 rule and agree with the Slater–Pauling curve quite well. The band gaps are mainly determined by the bonding and antibonding states created from the hybridizations of the d states between the Ti(A)–Ti(B) coupling and Fe atom. - Highlights: • Ti{sub 2}FeZ (Z=Al, Ga, Ge) are found to be half-metallic ferrimagnets. • The band gaps are mainly determined by the hybridizations of the d states between the Ti(A)–Ti(B) coupling and Fe atom. • The s–p elements play an important role in the half-metallicity of these Heusler alloys.

  15. First-principle study of the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of amorphous Fe-B alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tian Hua; Zhang Chong [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams, Dalian University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); College of Advanced Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Jijun, E-mail: zhaojj@dlut.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams, Dalian University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China); College of Advanced Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Dong Chuang [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams, Dalian University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Wen Bin [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China); Wang Qing [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams, Dalian University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2012-01-15

    The structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of amorphous Fe{sub 100-x}B{sub x} alloys (x=9, 17, 25, 27.3, 33.3, 36.3) are investigated using first-principles calculations. In these amorphous alloys, the short-range order is manifested as a series of Fe- or B-centered polyhedra such as tricapped trigonal prism, icosahedron, and bcc-like structural unit. The electron densities of states of the amorphous alloys resemble those of crystalline Fe borides, which further confirm the similarity of the local order in the amorphous and crystalline phases. All B atoms carry small negative moments of about -0.1{mu}{sub B}, while small negative moments are also found on very few Fe sites for the Fe-rich compositions (x=9, 17). The average magnetic moment per Fe atom decreases nonlinearly with increasing B composition, which can be associated with the nonlinear relationship between mass density and composition.

  16. Structural and magnetic properties of Sr1− xLaxFe12− x (Cu0. 5Co0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The morphology of the materials was characterized by a field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The particles were hexagonal platelets. Magnetic properties of the materials were measured by a permanent magnetic measure equipment. The remanence of the materials increases with from 0 to 0.50. However, the ...

  17. Effect of high-energy ball milling time on structural and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite powders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cedeño-Mattei, Yarilyn, E-mail: yarilyn.cedeno@upr.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico—Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, PR 00681 (Puerto Rico); Perales-Pérez, Oscar [Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico—Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, PR 00681 (Puerto Rico); Department of Engineering Science and Materials, University of Puerto Rico—Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, PR 00681 (Puerto Rico); Uwakweh, Oswald N.C. [Department of Engineering Science and Materials, University of Puerto Rico—Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, PR 00681 (Puerto Rico)

    2013-09-15

    Cobalt ferrite nanocrystals synthesized by conventional and size-controlled coprecipitation methods were treated by high-energy ball milling, HEBM, in order to study the effect of crystal size reduction and/or strain on the resulting magnetic properties. Processed nanocrystals were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller surface area analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometry. The cobalt ferrite nanocrystals exhibited crystal size reduction from initial values (average crystallite sizes of 12±1 nm and 18±3 nm, respectively) down to 10 nm after HEBM for 10 h. The specific surface area was decreased by milling (from 96.5 to 59.4 m{sup 2}/g; for the 12 nm cobalt ferrite nanocrystals), due to particles aggregation. TEM analyses corroborated the aggregation of the nanoparticles at such long milling times. The same cobalt ferrite nanocrystals exhibited a rise in coercivity from 394 to 560 Oe after 5 h ball milling which was attributed to the introduction of strain anisotropy, namely point defects, as suggested by the systematic shift of the diffraction peaks towards higher angles. In turn, the magnetic characterization of the starting 18 nm-nanocrystals reported a drop in coercivity from 4506 Oe to 491 Oe that was attributed predominantly to size reduction within the single domain region. A correlation between particle size, cationic distribution, and HEBM processing conditions became evident. - Highlights: • Effect of ball milling on the structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite. • Prolonged milling promotes interparticle aggregation. • Tunable coercivity due to crystal size, strain, and cation distribution.

  18. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of linear monoatomic chains adsorption on beryllium oxide nanotube: First-principle study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Liang-Cai, E-mail: maliangcai@126.com [School of Physics and Electrical Information Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, Ningxia (China); Zhao, Hong-Sheng; Yan, Wen-Jie [School of Physics and Electrical Information Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, Ningxia (China)

    2013-03-15

    By using first-principle calculations, we have systematically investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of six 3d transition metals (TM=Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn and Fe) linear monoatomic chains adsorbed on the (5,5) single-walled beryllium oxide nanotube (BeONT) at five different sites. The results indicate that all TM chains can be spontaneously adsorbed on the outer surface of the BeONT; and the O site is the most stable adsorption site for all TM chains with the highest binding energies, while the adsorption on the Z site is unstable. The dispersion character occurs in energy band curves of stable TM/BeONT systems and brings about the band gap disappearance in comparison with that of pure (5,5) BeONT. Interestingly, the Ti/BeONT and V/BeONT systems at O site show half-metal character; Cr at O site and Fe at O site as well as V at H site have high spin polarization P(E{sub F}) and these adsorbed systems are usable in spintronics devices. The TM chain adsorbed BeONT systems exhibit high stability, promising electronic properties and high magnetic moments, which may be useful for a wide variety of next-generation nanoelectronic device components. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer All TM chains can be spontaneously adsorbed on the outer surface of BeONT. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer O site is the most stable adsorption site with the highest binding energies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ti/BeONT and V/BeONT systems at O sites show half-metal character. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TM chain adsorbed BeONT systems exhibit high magnetic moments.

  19. Potassium doping effects on the structure and magnetic properties of Sr{sub 2}FeMoO{sub 6}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Y.C., E-mail: yanchunhu@htu.cn [College of Physics and Information Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007 (China); Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures, Key Lab of Solid State Microstructures, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Han, H.X. [Road and Bridge Construction Co. Limited of Henan Zhongzhou, Zhoukou, Henan 466000 (China); Hu, H.J. [School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan 464000 (China); Zhang, K.L.; Wang, H.Y.; Jiang, Y.J.; Ma, H.; Lu, Q.F. [College of Physics and Information Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007 (China)

    2012-06-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Potassium is successfully incorporated in Sr{sub 2}FeMoO{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The AS defect in Sr{sub 2}FeMoO{sub 6} may be adjusted by potassium doping. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The magnetoresistance of the series is sensitive to vacancies content. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fe may increase the valance state after potassium doping and Mo remain that unchanged. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The unit cell magnetization at 280 K is 1.12 {mu}{sub B} for x = 0 and 1.26 {mu}{sub B} for x = 0.04, respectively. - Abstract: The crystal structure and magnetic properties for the ordered double perovskite oxides Sr{sub 2-x}K{sub x}FeMoO{sub 6} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.04) are investigated. X-ray powder diffraction studies reveal that all the samples are single phase and have the I4/m symmetry. The anti-site defect (AS) in double perovskite oxides of Sr{sub 2-x}K{sub x}FeMoO{sub 6} may be adjusted by alkali metal element of K doping. The unit cell magnetization at 280 K is 1.12 {mu}{sub B} for x = 0 and 1.26 {mu}{sub B} for x = 0.04, respectively. The cation-ordering and the Fe-O(1)-Mo bond-angle play the competition roles on the magnetism in the doping system.

  20. Preparation and investigation of structural properties of magnetic diatomite nanocomposites formed with different iron content

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yusan, Sabriye, E-mail: sabriye.doyurum@ege.edu.tr [Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Korzhynbayeva, Kuralay [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 050040 Almaty (Kazakhstan); Aytas, Sule [Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Tazhibayeva, Sagdat; Musabekov, Kuanyshbek [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 050040 Almaty (Kazakhstan)

    2014-09-01

    Highlights: • Magnetic diatomite nanocomposites were generated by partial reduction co-precipitation method. • VSM results showed that nanocomposites have superparamagnetic behaviour. • The nanocomposites were also characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, DTA/TGA and BET. - Abstract: Magnetic diatomite nanocomposites (MDNC) were synthesized successfully by partial reduction co-precipitation method from iron salt solution at different concentrations and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal analyses (DTA/TGA), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and surface area measurements (BET). The XRD pattern of magnetic diatomite nanocomposites is face centered cubic with an average diameter of 4.67, 4.11 and 4. 82 nm as MDNC-1, MDNC-2 and MDNC-3, respectively. The saturation magnetization values for magnetic diatomite composites (diatomite/Fe ratio 1:1.5, 1:2.0 and 1:3.0) were found to be 13.81, 13.37 and 16.42 emu/g, respectively. By FT-IR spectra it was found that the main features of the silica framework were maintained after magnetite incorporation and some peak intensities were increased with magnetite loading. The cell parameter increase and the surface area decrease with increase in Fe content, observed by N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption technique, were considered as evidence of metal concentration effect in the synthesis procedure.

  1. Atomic structure and magnetic properties of the pseudobinary alloys Fe/sub 3/(Al,Si)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneeweiss, O.; Zemcik, T.; Zak, T. (Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved, Brno. Ustav Fyzikalni Metalurgie); Mager, S. (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR, Dresden. Zentralinstitut fuer Festkoerperphysik und Werkstofforschung)

    1983-09-16

    The influence of substitution of Al by Si on the atomic order, saturation magnetic polarization, and electrical resistivity is studied in Fe/sub 3/Al/sub 1-x/Si/sub x/, 0 <= x <= 1, alloys. The changes in the hyperfine parameters of the /sup 57/Fe Moessbauer spectra indicate that the degree of DO/sub 3/ order after order anneal is rised, accompanied by a separation of the Fe/sub 3/Si and Fe/sub 3/Al types of local surroundings. The most significant changes of isomer shifts, magnetic hyperfine fields, saturation magnetic polarization, and electrical resistivity due to atomic order are observed near the Fe/sub 3/Al and Fe/sub 3/Al/sub 0.25/Si/sub 0.75/ compositions.

  2. Structural setting and magnetic properties of pseudotachylyte in a deep crustal shear zone, western Canadian shield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orlandini, O. F.; Mahan, K. H.; Brown, L. L.; Regan, S.; Williams, M. L.

    2012-12-01

    Seismic slip commonly produces pseudotachylytes, a glassy vein-filling substance that is typically interpreted as either a frictional melt or an ultra-triturated cataclasite. In either form, pseudotachylytes are commonly magnetite enriched, even in magnetite-free host rocks, and therefore are potentially useful as high fidelity recorders of natural magnetic fields at the time of slip in a wide array of lithologies. Pseudotachylytes generally have high magnetic susceptibility and thus should preserve the dominant field present as the material passes the Curie temperatures of magnetic minerals, primarily magnetite. Two potential sources have been proposed for the dominant magnetic field recorded: the earth's magnetic field at the time of slip or the temporary and orders of magnitude more intense field created by the presence of coseismic currents along the failure plane. Pseudotachylytes of the Cora Lake shear zone (CLsz) in the Athabasca Granulite Terrain, western Canadian shield, are consistently hosted in high strain ultramylonitic orthogneiss. Sinistral and extensional oblique-slip in the CLsz occurred at high-pressure granulite-grade conditions of ~1.0 GPa and >800°C and may have persisted to somewhat lower P-T conditions (~0.8 GPa, 700 °C) during ductile deformation. Pseudotachylyte-bearing slip surfaces have sinistral offset, matching the larger shear zone, and clasts of wall rock in the more brecciated veins display field evidence for ductile shear along the same plane prior to brittle failure. The presence of undeformed pseudotachylyte in kinematically compatible fracture arrays localized in ultramylonite indicates that brittle failure may have occurred in the waning stages of shear zone activity and at similar deep crustal conditions. Field-documented occurrences of pseudotachylyte include 2 cm-thick veins that run subparallel to mylonitic foliation and contain small flow-aligned clasts and large, heavily brecciated foliation-crosscutting zones up to

  3. Synthesis, structure, photoluminescence and magnetic properties of lanthanide-pyridine-2,4,6-tricarboxylate coordination polymers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Yong-Wei; Zhu, Hong-Lin; Wang, Jian-Fei; Zheng, Yue-Qing

    2012-06-01

    Two new lanthanide-pyridine-2,4,6-tricarboxylate coordination polymers [Pr(H2O)3(ptc)]ṡH2O (1) and [Tb2(H2O)9(ptc)2]·3H2O (2) (H3ptc = pyridine-2,4,6-tricarboxylic acid) have been synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound (1) crystallize as 2D layer, which are further engaged in hydrogen bonding leading to a novel 3D supramolecular architecture. Complex (2) exists as a centrosymmetric tetranuclear unit, which are assembled into a 3D supramolecular architecture via extensively hydrogen bonding interaction. The luminescence experiments show that Pr(III) and Tb(III) compounds exhibit typical luminescence in the visible region. Besides luminescence, the magnetic properties of (1) and (2) were investigated and indicate the anti-ferromagnetic couplings between the Ln(III) ions.

  4. Electronic structures, magnetic properties and band alignments of 3d transition metal atoms doped monolayer MoS2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Maokun; Yao, Xiaolong; Hao, Yuan; Dong, Hong; Cheng, Yahui; Liu, Hui; Lu, Feng; Wang, Weichao; Cho, Kyeongjae; Wang, Wei-Hua

    2018-01-01

    Utilizing first-principles calculations, the electronic structures, magnetic properties and band alignments of monolayer MoS2 doped by 3d transition metal atoms have been investigated. It is found that in V, Cr, Mn, Fe-doped monolayers, the nearest neighboring S atoms (SNN) are antiferromagnetically polarized with the doped atoms. While in Co, Ni, Cu, Zn-doped systems, the SNN are ferromagnetically coupled with the doped atoms. Moreover, the nearest neighboring Mo atoms also demonstrate spin polarization. Compared with pristine monolayer MoS2, little change is found for the band edges' positions in the doped systems. The Fermi level is located in the spin-polarized impurity bands, implying a half-metallic state. These results provide fundamental insights for doped monolayer MoS2 applying in spintronic, optoelectronic and electronic devices.

  5. Effect of sintering temperature and vinca petals extract on structural and magnetic properties of delafossite CuFeO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhruv, Preksha N.; Solanki, Neha; Kulkarni, Shailja; Jotania, R. B.

    2016-05-01

    Delafossite CuFeO2 multiferroic powder was synthesized using Sol-Gel auto combustion method. Influence of vinca flower petals extract on structural and magnetic property of CuFeO2 were investigated. X-ray analysis of normal samples (synthesized without presence of vinca petals extract) shows formation of hematite and ferrite phases while the sample synthesized in presence of vinca petals extract show only mono phase. The absorption bands in FTIR spectra present between 510-460 cm-1 in both the samples are due to stretching of Fe-O vibrations. VSM analysis shows that the squareness ratio (Mr/Ms) of the sample prepared using vinca petals extract obtains value of squareness ratio < 0.5, which attributes multi domain formation of samples.

  6. Assembling Metal Ions Induced Cyanide-Bridged Heterometallic 1D and Ion-Pair Complexes: Synthesis, Crystal Structures and Magnetic Properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong, Lingqian [Liaocheng Univ., Liaocheng (China); Zhao, Zengdian; Chen, Kexun; Wang, Ping; Zhang, Daopeng [Shandong Univ. of Technology, Zibo (China)

    2013-07-15

    We obtained a heterobimetallic one-dimensional cyanide-bridged Mn(II)-Ni(II) complex and an Co(III)-Ni(II) ion-pair complex with [Ni(CN){sub 4}]{sup 2-} as building block and M(II)-phenanthroline (M = Mn, Co) compounds as assembling segment. The different structural types of complexes 1 and 2 indicate that the property of the metal ions the assembling segment contained have obvious influence on the structure of the cyanide-bridged complex. Investigation over the magnetic properties of complex 1 reveals an overall weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the adjacent Mn(II) ions bridged by the antiferromagnetic [-NC-Ni-CN-] unit. Among of all the molecular magnetism systems, for the well known reasons, cyanide-containing complexes have been widely employed as bridges to assemble homo/hetero-metallic molecular magnetic materials by using the cyanide bridge transferring magnetic coupling between the neighboring paramagnetic ions, in whichsome showed interesting magnetic properties, such as high-Tc magnets, spin crossover materials, single-molecule magnets (SMMs) and single-chain magnets (SCMs)

  7. Enhanced microwave absorption properties and mechanism of core/shell structured magnetic nanoparticles/carbon-based nanohybrids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qi, Xiaosi, E-mail: sci.xsqi@gzu.edu.cn [Physics Department, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Jiangsu Provincial Laboratory for NanoTechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Hu, Qi; Xu, Jianle; Xie, Ren; Bai, Zhongchen; Jiang, Yang; Qin, Shuijie [Physics Department, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Zhong, Wei, E-mail: wzhong@nju.edu.cn [Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Jiangsu Provincial Laboratory for NanoTechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Du, Youwei [Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Jiangsu Provincial Laboratory for NanoTechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2016-09-15

    Graphical abstract: In the article, core/shell Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/C, Fe/helical carbon nanotubes were synthesized selectively. The results indicated that the optimum reflection loss (RL) could reach −47.1 dB at 17.39 GHz with a matching thickness of 1.39 mm. The absorption bandwidth with the RL below −20 dB was up to 11.59 GHz. Moreover, based on the obtained results, the possibly enhanced microwave absorption mechanisms were also discussed in detail. - Highlights: • An efficient scheme was designed to synthesize core/shell magnetic nanoparticles/carbon-based hybrids. • By controlling the temperature, different categories of core/shell nanohybrids were synthesized. • The obtained Fe/CNT hybrid exhibits enhanced microwave absorption property. • Enhanced microwave absorbing mechanism was discussed in detail. - Abstract: An efficient scheme was designed to selectively synthesize different categories of core/shell structured magnetic nanoparticles/carbon-based nanohybrids such as Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/C and Fe/helical carbon nanotubes (HCNTs) through the decomposition of acetylene directly over Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanotubes by controlling the pyrolysis temperature. The measured electromagnetic parameters indicated that the Fe/HCNT nanohybrids exhibited enhanced microwave absorption properties, which may be related to their special structures. The optimum reflection loss (RL) could reach −47.1 dB at 17.39 GHz with a matching thickness of 1.39 mm. The absorption bandwidth with the RL values below −20 dB was up to 11.59 GHz. Moreover, based on the obtained results, the possible enhanced EM absorption mechanisms were also discussed in detail. The results show excellent microwave absorption materials that are lightweight, have strong absorption and a wide absorption frequency band may be realized in these nanohybrids.

  8. Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of [Cu(mal)(abpt ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Complex 1 consist of a neutral mononuclear [Cu(mal)(abpt)(H2O)] unit and water molecule of crystallization in a distorted square pyramidal coordination sphere, while complex 2 is viewed as being made up of [Cu(sq)(abpt)2] units with the squarato ligand bridging the two copper(II) cations. Variable temperature magnetic ...

  9. Structures, energetics and magnetic properties of Au n SFe m and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This complete coating can prevent iron from oxidation and may also prevent coalescence of iron clusters and formation of thromboses. The coupling of iron atoms in this work remains ferromagnetic irrespective of the number of gold atoms in the cluster. Keywords: Cluster, Magnetic moment, Coating, Nanoparticles.

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of size-controlled Mn0. 5Zn0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles with tunable Curie temperature and saturation magnetization are synthesized using hydrothermal co-precipitation method. Particle size is controlled in the range of 54 to 135 Å by pH and incubation time of the reaction. All the particles exhibit super-paramagnetic behaviour at room ...

  11. Structural, optical and magnetic properties of cobalt-doped CdSe ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    obtained from TEM analysis. The decrease in average crystallite size and blue shift in the band gap has been observed with Co-doping into the host CdSe nanoparticles. The magnetic analysis shows the ferromagnetic behaviour up to 10% of Co-doping concentration. The increase of Co content beyond 10% doping ...

  12. Fabrication and magnetic properties of Fe/GaAs/Fe hybrid structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wong, P.K.J.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, W.; Wu, J.; Will, I.G.; Xu, Y.B.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D.A.

    2010-01-01

    In this contribution, experimental results on the fabrication and magnetic characterization of a novel type vertical Fe/GaAs(100)/Fe spin-valve (SV) spintronic device are presented. An array of techniques has been developed by combining use of ex-situ chemical and selective etching of

  13. Effect of Mn2+ substitution on structural, magnetic, electric and dielectric properties of Mg-Zn ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghodake, U. R.; Chaudhari, N. D.; Kambale, R. C.; Patil, J. Y.; Suryavanshi, S. S.

    2016-06-01

    In this work, Mn substituted Mg-Zn spinel ferrites having general formula Zno.4Mg0.6-xMnxFe2O4 (0≤x≤0.30) have been synthesized by oxalate precursor chemical method and investigated their structural, magnetic and electric properties. X-ray diffraction (XRD) is used to study the crystal structure of synthesized materials. XRD study reveals the formation of polycrystalline cubic spinel lattice structure without any impurity phase having crystallite size in the range from 39.97 nm to 45.62 nm. Scanning electron micrographs revealed, increase in grain size (D) with increase in Mn2+ content up to x=0.10; then it decreases for x>0.10. Energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDAX) confirms the presence of Mg2+, Mn2+, Fe3+, Zn2+ and O2- ions as per the stoichiometry. The magnetic moment (nB), with Mn2+ substitution is found to increase initially up to x=0.10 and then it deceases with further Mn2+ substitution. The observed variation in the magnetic moment (nB) is explained by considering the variation of saturation magnetization, anisotropy constant, density values and exchange interaction. The d.c. electrical resistivity decreased with increase in temperature in accordance with semiconducting behavior. Furthermore, the conductivity was found to obey the Arrhenius relation with a change in slope at critical temperature (i.e. the Curie temperature). The increase in d.c. resistivity is attributed to the hindering of Verwey mechanism between Fe2+⇔Fe3+ ions and Mn2+⇔Mn3+. The dielectric constant (ε‧) measurement revealed the dielectric dispersion behavior in accordance with the Maxwell-Wagner model and Koops phenomenological theory, which is responsible for conduction and polarization. The dielectric characteristics (ε‧, ε″ and tan δ) exhibit dispersion due to Maxwell-Wagner type interfacial polarization. The values of dielectric constant (ε‧) and a.c. resistivity (ρac) exhibit highest magnitude at x=0.10 and decreases further with Mn2+ substitution.

  14. Structural, electronic, magnetic and optical properties of Ni,Ti/Al-based Heusler alloys. A first-principles approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adebambo, Paul O. [Univ. of Agriculture. Abeokuta (Nigeria). Dept. of Physics; McPherson Univ., Abeokuta (Nigeria). Dept. of Physical and Computer Sciences; Adetunji, Bamidele I. [Univ. of Agriculture. Abeokuta (Nigeria). Dept. of Physics; Bells Univ. of Technology, Oto (Nigeria). Dept. of Mathematics; Olowofela, Joseph A. [Univ. of Agriculture. Abeokuta (Nigeria). Dept. of Physics; Oguntuase, James A. [Univ. of Agriculture. Abeokuta (Nigeria). Dept. of Mathematics; Adebayo, Gboyega A. [Univ. of Agriculture. Abeokuta (Nigeria). Dept. of Physics; Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy)

    2016-05-01

    In this work, detailed first-principles calculations within the generalised gradient approximation (GGA) of electronic, structural, magnetic, and optical properties of Ni,Ti, and Al-based Heusler alloys are presented. The lattice parameter of C1{sub b} with space group F anti 43m (216) NiTiAl alloys is predicted and that of Ni{sub 2}TiAl is in close agreement with available results. The band dispersion along the high symmetry points W→L→Γ→X→W→K in Ni{sub 2}TiAl and NiTiAl Heusler alloys are also reported. NiTiAl alloy has a direct band gap of 1.60 eV at Γ point as a result of strong hybridization between the d state of the lower and higher valence of both the Ti and Ni atoms. The calculated real part of the dielectric function confirmed the band gap of 1.60 eV in NiTiAl alloys. The present calculations revealed the paramagnetic state of NiTiAl. From the band structure calculations, Ni{sub 2}TiAl with higher Fermi level exhibits metallic properties as in the case of both NiAl and Ni{sub 3}Al binary systems.

  15. The effect of Cr substitution on the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of pulsed laser deposited NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panwar, Kalpana [Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engineering College, Ajmer, 305002 India (India); Department of Pure and Applied Physics, University of Kota, Kota, 324010 India (India); Tiwari, Shailja, E-mail: tiwari_shailja@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engineering College, Ajmer, 305002 India (India); Bapna, Komal [Department of Physics, M. L. Sukhadia University, Udaipur, 313001 India (India); Heda, N.L. [Department of Pure and Applied Physics, University of Kota, Kota, 324010 India (India); Choudhary, R.J.; Phase, D.M. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Indore, 452001 India (India); Ahuja, B.L. [Department of Physics, M. L. Sukhadia University, Udaipur, 313001 India (India)

    2017-01-01

    We have studied the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of pulsed laser deposited thin films of Ni{sub 1−x}Cr{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x=0.02 and 0.05) on Si (111) and Si (100) substrates. The films reveal single phase, polycrystalline structure with larger grain size on Si (111) substrate than that on Si (100) substrate. Contrary to the expected inverse spinel structure, x-ray photoemission (XPS) studies reveal the mixed spinel structure. XPS results suggest that Ni and Fe ions exist in 2+ and 3+ states, respectively, and they exist in tetrahedral as well as octahedral sites. The deviation from the inverse spinel leads to modified magnetic properties. It is observed that saturation magnetization drastically drops compared to the expected saturation value for inverse spinel structure. Strain in the films and lattice distortion produced by the Cr doping also appear to influence the magnetic properties. - Highlights: • Thin films of Ni{sub 1−x}Cr{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} are grown on Si(111) and Si(100) substrates. • Films on Si(111) substrate are better crystalline than those on Si(100). • XRD and FTIR results confirm the single phase growth of the films. • Cationic distribution deviates from inverse spinel structure, as revealed by XPS. • Saturation magnetization is larger on Si(100) but lower than the bulk value.

  16. Structural and magnetic properties of zinc-and aluminum-substituted ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Spinal ferrites having the general formula Co1-ZnFe2-AlO4 ( = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6) were prepared using the wet chemical co-operation technique. The samples were annealed at 800°C for 12 h and were studied by means of X-ray diffraction, magnetization and low field AC susceptibility measurements.

  17. Crystalline structure, magnetic and magnetoelastic properties of Nd6Fe13-xCoxCu intermetallic compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Iranmanesh

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Influence of the partial substitution of Co for Fe on the structural, magnetic and magnetoelastic properties of Nd6Fe13Cu compounds are investigated. Analysis of X-ray diffraction patterns indicates that the multi-phase sample is formed for all samples. Upon Co substitution, the second phase Nd2Fe17, Nd2Fe17-yCoy with 0 < y < 1 and Nd2Fe17-zCoz with 1 < z < 2 is formed in the samples with x = 0, 1, 2, respectively so that the lattice parameters are decreased and the Curie temperature is increased. Due to the ferromagnetic phase Nd2Fe17-yCoy in sample with x = 1, the change of the anisotropy and increase of exchange effects are observed. The effects of long-range magnetic ordering processes on Néel temperature clearly appear in the temperature dependence of the spontaneous magnetostriction. Longitudinal (λl and transverse (λt magnetostrictions are measured to study the magnetoelastic behaviour of these compounds using a strain gauge method. In the low field region, magnetostrictive strains are small and then increase with increasing fields. Strong pining center of Nd atoms that creates large magnetocrystalline anisotropy prevents easy movement of domain walls. In the sample with x = 0, the magnetostriction contribution from the rare earth sublattice (Nd dominates at low temperature and the Fe sublattice contribution becomes increasingly important as temperature rises.

  18. Structural and magnetic properties of a mechanochemically activated Ti-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} solid mixture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cristobal, A.A. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales (INTEMA), CONICET-UNMdP, J.B. Justo 4302 - B7608FDQ, Mar del Plata (Argentina); Ramos, C.P. [Centro Atomico Constituyentes (CAC), CNEA, Av. Gral. Paz 1499 (1650), San Martin (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Bercoff, P.G. [Facultad de Matematica, Astronomia y Fisica (FaMAF), Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Medina Allende s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, (5000) Cordoba (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET) (Argentina); Conconi, S.; Aglietti, E.F. [Centro de Tecnologia de Recursos Minerales y Ceramica (CETMIC), CONICET - CIC, Camino, P. Centenario y 506 - B1897ZCA, M.B. Gonnet (Argentina); Botta, P.M., E-mail: pbotta@fi.mdp.edu.ar [Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales (INTEMA), CONICET-UNMdP, J.B. Justo 4302 - B7608FDQ, Mar del Plata (Argentina); Lopez, J.M. Porto [Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales (INTEMA), CONICET-UNMdP, J.B. Justo 4302 - B7608FDQ, Mar del Plata (Argentina)

    2010-12-15

    The mechanochemical effects on the reactivity and properties of a titanium/hematite powder mixture with molar ratio of 1/2 are investigated. Crystalline-phase structure, composition, hyperfine and magnetic behaviors were analyzed as a function of activation time by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Moessbauer spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. The results showed that at relatively short activation times metallic Ti reduces part of the ferric ions, yielding a complex product formed mainly by a mix of two solid solutions Fe{sub 3-x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 4} (titanomagnetites), both with very different x values (0 < x < 1). Also metallic iron and superparamagnetic hematite particles were detected by Moessbauer spectroscopy. As the mechanical treatment extends the composition of the reactive mixture changes, prevailing in the end the solid solution with higher x value. In contrast, when these activated samples are thermally treated the fraction of the solid solution which is richer in Ti diminishes. This fact produces a significant variation of the saturation magnetization of the obtained material.

  19. Ab initio calculations of structural and magnetic properties of Ni-Co-Mn-Cr-Sn alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zagrebin Mikhail

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The composition dependences of crystal lattice parameters, bulk modulus, magnetic moments, magnetic exchange parameters in Ni2-yCoyMn1.5-xCrxSn0.5 (y = 0.2, 0.4; 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4 Heusler alloys are investigated with the help of ab initio calculations. Our simulations have shown that crystal lattice parameter firstly increased and then decreased with Cr content (x increasing. The strongest ferromagnetic interaction for Ni1.6Co0.4Mn1.4Cr0.1Sn0.5 is nearest-neighbor interaction between Co and Mn1 (on own sites. The strongest antiferromagnetic interaction is observed between nearest-neighbor Mn1-Cr atoms in the first coordination sphere and it is equal to -15meV. Total magnetic moment of Ni2-yCoyMn1.5-xCrxSn0.5 (y =0.2, 0.4; 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4 takes value in region from 6.1 μB to 6.6 μB.

  20. Structural, optical, XPS and magnetic properties of Zn particles capped by ZnO nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morozov, Iu.G., E-mail: yugmor@hotmail.com [Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Materials Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician Osipyan Street 8, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region 142432 (Russian Federation); Belousova, O.V. [Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Materials Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician Osipyan Street 8, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region 142432 (Russian Federation); Ortega, D., E-mail: daniel.ortega@imdea.org [Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia (IMDEA-Nanociencia), Cantoblanco 28049, Madrid (Spain); Mafina, M.-K., E-mail: m.k.mafina@qmul.ac.uk [School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End, Eng, 231, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Kuznetcov, M.V., E-mail: maxim1968@mail.ru [Department of Chemistry, Materials Chemistry Research Centre, University College London, 20 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AJ (United Kingdom)

    2015-06-05

    Highlights: • Levitation-jet aerosol synthesis of Zn particles capped by ZnO nanoparticles (NPs). • TEM, XRD, UV–vis, FT-IR, Raman, XPS and magnetic characterization of the NPs. • Correlation between unit-cell volume of crystal lattice and maximum magnetization. - Abstract: Spherical zinc particles ranging from 42 to 760 nm in average size and capped with plate-like zinc oxide particles of 10–30 nm in sizes have been prepared by levitation-jet aerosol synthesis through condensation of zinc vapor in an inert/oxidizer gas flow. The nanoparticles have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET measurements, ultra violet visible (UV–vis) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray electron spectroscopy (XPS), superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), and vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM). Magnetic and XRD data indicate that the observed ferromagnetic ordering related to the changes in unit-cell volume of Zn in the Zn/ZnO interface of the nanoparticles. These results are in good correlation with the optical measurements data.

  1. Structural, optical, vibrational, and magnetic properties of sol-gel derived Ni doped ZnO nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinet, Gunjan; Kumar, Ravindra; Sajal, Vivek

    2013-07-01

    With a view to study structural, optical, vibrational, and magnetic properties of solgel derived Zn1-xNixO (x = 0.02, 0.04, and 0.06) nanoparticles, systematic investigations have been carried out. The Rietveld refinement of X-ray powder diffraction data revealed a single hexagonal phase with space group P63mc. The secondary phase of NiO appeared only in 6% Ni doped sample. Phonon modes in Ni doped ZnO nanoparticles were studied through Fourier transform infrared measurements. Furthermore, the enhancement in optical band gap with Ni doping from 3.29 to 3.32 eV has been observed through UV-visible spectroscopic analysis. Photoluminescence spectra of Zn1-xNixO show the UV-emission peak showing the blue shift with increase in doping concentration followed by broad visible (blue) emission corresponding to the defect emission whose intensity decreased with increasing Ni concentration. A clear room temperature ferromagnetism is observed in all samples but saturation magnetization decreased with increasing Ni content. The suitability of bound magnetic polarons (BMP) model is checked and numbers of BMPs are found to be of the order 1015 per cm3, which is very small for the percolation in ZnO. In the present case, oxygen rich stoichiometry with enhanced Zn-O bonding favours the indirect Ni-O-Ni ferromagnetic exchange coupling and reduction of oxygen vacancies leading to strong hybridization of Ni in ZnO host matrix responsible for room temperature ferromagnetism.

  2. Structure and magnetic properties of Heusler alloy Co{sub 2}RuSi melt-spun ribbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xin, Yuepeng; Ma, Yuexing; Hao, Hongyue [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Luo, Hongzhi, E-mail: luo_hongzhi@163.com [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Meng, Fanbin; Liu, Heyan [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Liu, Enke; Wu, Guangheng [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2017-08-01

    Highlights: • New Heusler alloy Co{sub 2}RuSi has been prepared by melt-spinning successfully. • Magnetic and electronic properties of Co{sub 2}RuSi were investigated. • Ru has a strong site preference for A, C sites in the lattice of Co{sub 2}RuSi. • Site preference of Ru cannot be determined by “number of valence electrons”. - Abstract: Heusler alloy Co{sub 2}RuSi has been synthesized by melt-spinning technology successfully. Co{sub 2}RuSi bulk sample after annealing is composed of an HCP Co-rich phase and a BCC Ru-Si phase, but melt-spinning can suppress the precipitation of the HCP phase and produce a single Co{sub 2}RuSi Heusler phase. In the XRD pattern, it is found that Ru has a strong preference for the (A, C) sites, though it has fewer valence electrons compared with Co. This site preference is different from the case in Heusler alloys containing only 3d elements and is supported further by first-principles calculations. Melt-spun Co{sub 2}RuSi has a M{sub s} of 2.67 μ{sub B}/f.u. at 5 K and a Tc of 491 K. An exothermic peak is observed at 871 K in the DTA curve, corresponding to the decomposition of the Heusler phase. Finally, the site preference and magnetic properties of Co{sub 2}RuSi were discussed based on electronic structure calculation and charge density difference.

  3. Structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of polyaniline/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chitra, Palanisamy [PG and Research Department of Chemistry, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore 641020, Tamil Nadu (India); Muthusamy, Athianna, E-mail: muthusrkv@gmail.com [PG and Research Department of Chemistry, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore 641020, Tamil Nadu (India); Jayaprakash, Rajan [Department of Physics, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore 641020, Tamil Nadu (India)

    2015-12-15

    Ferromagnetic PANI containing MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites were synthesized by in-situ chemical polymerization of aniline incorporated MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (20%, 10% w/w of fine powders) with and without ultrasonic treatment. The MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles were synthesized by auto combustion method. The PANI/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites were characterized with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The average particle size of the resulting PANI/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites was confirmed from the TEM and XRD analysis. The structure and morphology of the composites were confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy, XRD and SEM. In addition, the electrical and magnetic properties of the nanocomposites were investigated. The PANI/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites under applied magnetic field exhibited the hysteresis loops of ferromagnetic nature at room temperature. The variation of Dielectric constant, Dielectric loss, and AC conductivity of PANI/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites at room temperature as a function of frequency in the range 50 Hz–5 MHz has been studied. Effect of ultrasonication on the PANI/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocomposites was also investigated. - Highlights: • An auto-combustion method support to prepare less size of particles. • The particle size influences more on dielectric property. • Effect of ultrasonication on the PANI/MnCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was also investigated.

  4. Structural, catalytic and magnetic properties of Cu{sub 1-X}Co{sub X}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briceno, Sarah, E-mail: sbriceno@ivic.gob.ve [Laboratorio de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Centro de Fisica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Apartado 20632, Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Del Castillo, Hector [Laboratorio de Cinetica y Catalisis, Departamento de Quimica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Sagredo, V. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Bramer-Escamilla, Werner; Silva, Pedro [Laboratorio de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Centro de Fisica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Apartado 20632, Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cu{sub 1-X}Co{sub X}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural identification, magnetic and catalytic properties were investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization by TGA, DTA, XRD, SEM, TEM and VSM techniques. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic properties decrease with the increase of Cu{sup 2+} doping. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The selective conversion to N{sub 2} is higher for Cu-Co mixed ferrites. - Abstract: Copper substituted cobalt ferrite Cu{sub 1-X}Co{sub X}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (0 {<=}x {<=} 1) have been synthesized using sol-gel auto combustion method with citric acid as fuel. Structural identification, magnetic and catalytic properties were investigated using thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry and their application in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx were studied. Analysis of structural properties reveals that all samples have cubic spinel structure. Room temperature magnetic hysteresis measurements as a function of magnetic field infer that the magnetic properties decrease with Cu{sup 2+} doping which may be due to the difference of the magnetic moment of Cu{sup 2+} and Co{sup 2+} ions. The higher activity of the samples in NO selective reduction to N{sub 2} occurs at 350 Degree-Sign C, reaching a maximum of 38% NO conversion and 95% of selective conversion to N{sub 2}. The compositions containing both Cu{sup 2+} and Co{sup 2+} ions are more active to the products selectivity to N{sub 2}, suggesting a synergistic effect on the active surface of ferrite and the effect of Co{sup 2+} is more pronounced than Cu{sup 2+} towards NO conversion.

  5. Magnetic and structural properties of Zn-doped yttrium iron garnet nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pena-Garcia, R.; Delgado, A.; Guerra, Y.; Farias, B.V.M.; Martinez, D. [Pos Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Skovroinski, E. [Departamento de Quimica Fundamental, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Galembeck, A. [Pos Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Departamento de Quimica Fundamental, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Padron-Hernandez, E. [Pos Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2016-09-15

    Zn-doped YIG was prepared using the sol-gel method with TGA measurements showing the phase formation between 900 and 1000 C. XRD analysis showed close to 1100 C the formation of Franklinite phase, coexisting with the cubic YIG. Y{sub 3}(Fe{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}){sub 5}O{sub 12} samples with different Zn concentrations (x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, and 0.05) were prepared and analyzed for a magnetic study. A decrease in magnetic moment of the samples was confirmed on increasing the concentration of Zn ions. This decrease is due to the substitution of Fe ions by Zn. This also confirmed the results of XRD showing the linear increase in the lattice parameter. Fittings by Bloch's law shows results compared with those already reported in the literature. The exponent and constant for the Bloch law presented similar values to those reported for YIG doped with other ions. We obtained the parameter α ∝10{sup -6} K{sup -n} with n close to 1.9 for all samples. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of mechanically alloyed Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tung, Do Khanh [Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Ha Noi (Viet Nam); Manh, Do Hung, E-mail: manhdh@ims.vast.ac.vn [Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Ha Noi (Viet Nam); Phong, P.T. [Nha Trang Pedagogic College, Khanh Hoa Province (Viet Nam); Phong, L.T.H.; Dai, N.V.; Nam, D.N.H.; Phuc, N.X. [Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Ha Noi (Viet Nam)

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} nanoparticles were prepared by MA in air combined with annealing. • Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} phase was observed by the XRD and SAED measurements. • M{sub S} is dependent both the annealing temperature and the milling time. • M{sub S}(T) of Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} nanoparticles is well described by a Bloch’s T{sup 3/2} law below T{sub C}. - Abstract: Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} nanoparticles were prepared by mechanical alloying method in air and subsequently annealing at various temperatures (773 K, 873 K, and 973 K). X-ray diffraction and selective area electron diffraction measurements on the powder sample milled for 10 h showed the Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} coexisting with a minor secondary phase of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}. It was found that the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} phase decreased gradually with increasing annealing temperature and disappeared at 973 K. Moreover, the saturation magnetization of annealed samples was found not only depend on the annealing temperature but also the milling time. Finally, we showed that the temperature dependence of the saturation magnetization of sample after annealing at 973 K could be well descried by the Bloch’s law.

  7. Rhenium(IV)-copper(II) heterobimetallic complexes with a bridge malonato ligand. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuevas, Alicia; Chiozzone, Raúl; Kremer, Carlos; Suescun, Leopoldo; Mombrú, Alvaro; Armentano, Donatella; De Munno, Giovanni; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Juan; Faus, Juan

    2004-11-29

    The Re(IV) complex [ReCl4(mal)]2-, in the form of two slightly different salts, (AsPh4)1.5(HNEt3)0.5[ReCl4(mal)] (1a) and (AsPh4)(HNEt3)[ReCl4(mal)] (1b), and the Re(IV)-Cu(II) bimetallic complexes [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(phen)2].CH3CN (2), [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(bpy)2] (3), and [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(terpy)] (4) (mal=malonate dianion, AsPh4=tetraphenylarsonium cation, HNEt3=triethylammonium cation, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine and terpy=2,2':6',2' '-terpyridine) have been synthesized and the structures of 1a, 1b, 2, and 3 determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structures of 1a and 1b are made up of discrete [ReCl4(mal)]2- anions and AsPh4+ and HNEt3+ cations, held together by electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonds. The Re(IV) atom is surrounded by four chloride anions and a bidentate malonate group, in a distorted octahedral environment. The structure of 2 consist of neutral dinuclear units [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(phen)2], with the metal ions united through a bridge carboxilato. The environment of Re(IV) is nearly identical to that in the mononuclear complex, and Cu(II) is five coordinate, being surrounded by four nitrogen atoms of two bidentate phen ligands and one oxygen atom of the malonato ligand. In 3, there are also dinuclear units, [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(bpy)2], but the Cu(II) ions complete a distorted octahedral coordination by binding with the free malonato oxygen atom of a neighbor unit, resulting in an infinite chain. The magnetic properties of 1-4 were also investigated in the temperature range 2.0-300 K. The magnetic behavior of 1a and 1b is as expected for a Re(IV) complex with a large value of the zero-field splitting (2D ca. 110 cm(-1)). For the bimetallic complexes, the magnetic coupling between Re(IV) and Cu(II) is antiferromagnetic in 2 (J=-0.39 cm(-1)), ferromagnetic in 4 (J=+1.51 cm(-1)), and nearly negligible in 3 (J=-0.09 cm(-1)).

  8. Evolution of structure and magnetic properties of stoichiometry and oxygen rich LaMnO3 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, Priyanka; Rath, Chandana

    2017-11-01

    In this report, the evolution of structure and magnetic properties in stoichiometry and oxygen rich LaMnO3 samples synthesized by a simple, cost effective, conventional co-precipitation technique are systematically studied. While X-ray powder diffraction reveals a monoclinic, I2/a structure in both samples, Reitveld refinement demonstrates higher John-Teller (J-T) distortion in the former one. Higher J-T distortion is accompanied with a large deviation in Mnsbnd O bond length. FESEM (Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy) analysis combined with crystallite size calculated from XRD peak profile suggest that the particles are of 50-60 nm and are polycrystalline in nature. The antiferromagnetism observed in bulk LaMnO3 with TN = 140 K evolves towards a ferromagnetic order in both stoichiometry and oxygen rich samples. However, Curie temperature, TC, is found to be higher in oxygen rich sample due to higher Mnsbnd Osbnd Mn bond angle. The large effective magnetic moment calculated from Curie-Weiss plot is found to be higher in stoichiometry sample. Higher moment is ascribed to high oxygen vacancies evidenced from XPS analysis. Dispersion behavior observed in frequency dependent ac susceptibility (χ) indicates the spin-glass, cluster-glass and interacting superparamagnetic behavior. Fitting the susceptibility data with phenomenological models such as Neel-Arrhenius, Vogel-Fulcher and Power law, while canonical spin-glass, cluster-glass and interacting superparamagnetism is ruled out, the spin-glass behavior with a higher relaxation time in oxygen rich sample is confirmed.

  9. Structural, magnetic and electric properties of Nd and Ni co-doped BiFeO3 materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dao Viet Thang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Multiferroic Bi1−xNdxFe0.975Ni0.025O3 (x = 0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.125, and 0.15 (BNFNO and BiFeO3 (BFO materials were synthesized by a sol-gel method. Crystal structure, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric properties of the as-synthesized materials were investigated. Results showed that Nd3+ and Ni2+ co-doping affected to the electrical leakage, enhanced ferroelectric polarization and magnetization of BiFeO3. Co-doped sample with 12.5 mol% of Nd3+ and 2.5 mol% of Ni2+ exhibited an enhancement in both ferromagnetism and ferroelectric properties up to MS ~ 0.528 emu/g and PS ~ 18.35 μC/cm2 with applied electric field at 5 kV/cm, respectively. The origins of ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity enhancement were discussed in the paper.

  10. Optical properties, electronic structure and magnetism of alpha '-NaxV2O5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Konstantinovic, MI; Popovic, ZV; Presura, C; Gajic, R; Isobe, M; Ueda, Y; Moshchalkov, VV

    2002-01-01

    The optical properties of sodium-deficient alpha'-NaxV2O5 (0.85 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 1.00) single crystals are analyzed using ellipsometry, and infrared reflectivity techniques. In sodium deficient samples, the optical absorption peak associated to the fundamental electronic

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of pyrochlores Gd{sub 2-x}M{sub x}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} (M=Ho, Y)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, M.D.R., E-mail: danielle@df.ufpe.br [Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais, UFPE, 50670-901 Recife (Brazil); Portela, F.S.; Oliveira, A.A.M. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife (Brazil); Barrozo, Petrucio; Moreno, N.O. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, 49100-000 Sao Cristovao (Brazil); Brito, P.C.A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife (Brazil); Albino Aguiar, J. [Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia de Materiais, UFPE, 50670-901 Recife (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife (Brazil)

    2012-08-15

    In this paper we investigated the structural and magnetic properties of the Gd{sub 2-x}M{sub x}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} (M=Ho and Y, x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 1.0 and 2.0) pyrochlores. The samples were prepared by solid state reaction method, characterized structurally by X-ray diffraction with Rietveld refinement and magnetically by measuring the temperature dependence of the magnetization. X-ray diffractograms of all samples studied presented a cubic pyrochlore type crystal structure with lattice parameters varying linearly in accordance with Vegards law. It is shown that by substituting Gd by Ho one can tune the magnetic order of this system moving from antiferromagnetic (in the absence of Ho) to ferromagnetic (in the absence of Gd). On the other hand by replacing Gd for Y the antiferromagnetic order is decreased. Copyright-Sign 2010 Elsevier Science.

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of iron oxides in co-sputtered granular thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randrianantoandro, N.; Laffez, P.; Sella, C.; Greneche, J. M.

    2000-02-01

    Granular Fe-V2O5 thin films with different iron concentrations prepared by means of radiofrequency magnetron co-sputtering technique were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy and ^{57}Fe Mössbauer spectrometry as a function of iron concentration. A common experimental feature reveals that a percolation-like threshold occurs at around 23-25% atomic Fe. Below such a critical value, the co-sputtering process favours the presence of ultrafine amorphous oxide grains with sizes lower than 10 nm embedded in a vanadium oxide matrix. Above, one clearly observes the presence of fine grains (sizes comprised between 10-100 nm) composed of either hematite or maghemite phases dispersed in the same matrix, the set displaying a magnetic order at room temperature.

  13. Annealing effects on the structure and magnetic properties of Ni/Ti multilayers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sella, C.; Maˆaza, M.; Kaabouchi, M.; El Monkade, S.; Miloche, M.; Lassri, H.

    1993-03-01

    Interfaces of Ni-Ti multilayers deposited by dc triode sputtering under high purity conditions (base pressure 10 -7 Torr plus getter-sputtering) and their thermal evolution are studied. This was achieved by combining high energy electron diffraction, secondary ion mass spectrometry and magnetometry. The study shows the existence of a non-magnetic interfacial amorphous layer due to interdiffusion over very short distances during deposition. A marked asymmetry between the two sides of a given layer is observed, due to interfacial contamination of Ti by C and O acting as a diffusion barrier. Annealing treatments yield an increase in amorphization and finally crystallization of the interfacial amorphous phase to a NiTi stable phase.

  14. Structural and magnetic properties correlated with cation distribution of Mo-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heiba, Z.K. [Faculty of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box: 888, Al-Haweiah, Taif (Saudi Arabia); Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Mostafa, Nasser Y., E-mail: nmost69@yahoo.com [Faculty of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box: 888, Al-Haweiah, Taif (Saudi Arabia); Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522 (Egypt); Abd-Elkader, Omar H. [Department of Zoology, Science College, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Electron Microscope and Thin Films Department, National Research Center (NRC), El-Behooth Street, Dokki, Cairo 12622 (Egypt)

    2014-11-15

    Mo-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles; CoFe{sub 2−2x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 4} (0.0≤x≤0.3) were prepared by a one-step solution combustion synthesis technique. The reactants were metal nitrates and glycine as a fuel. The samples were characterized using an X-ray diffraction (XRD), a transmission electron microscope (TEM) and a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). XRD analysis revealed a pure single phase of cubic spinel ferrites for all samples with x up to 0.3. The lattice parameter decreases with Mo{sup 6+} substitution linearly up to x=0.15, then nonlinearly for x≥0.2. Rietveld analysis and saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) revealed that Mo{sup 6+} replaced Fe{sup 3+} in the tetrahedral A-sites up to x=0.15, then it replaced Fe{sup 3+} in both A-sites and B-sites for x≥0.2. The saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) increases with increasing Mo{sup 6+} substitution up to x=0.15 then decreases. The crystallite size decreased while the microstrain increased with increasing Mo{sup 6+} substitution. Inserting Mo{sup 6+} produces large residents of defects and cation vacancies. - Highlights: • Nano-sized Mo-substituted cobalt ferrite CoFe{sub 2−2x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 4} (0.0≤x≤0.3) were prepared by solution combustion. • The change in M{sub s} with increasing Mo-substitution was investigated. • The cations distributions of ferrites were obtained from Rietveld analysis. • Inserting Mo{sup 6+} produces large residents of defects and cation vacancies.

  15. Variation of structure and magnetic properties with thickness of thin Co59Fe26Ni15 films

    OpenAIRE

    Chechenin, NG; van Voorthuysen, EHD; De Hosson, JTM; Boerma, DO

    2005-01-01

    Variations of phase composition and magnetic properties of electrodeposited nanocrystalline Co-Fe-Ni films with film thickness in the range of 50-500 nm were analyzed. The samples were magnetically soft with coercivity in the range H-c = 2-20 Oe and uni axial magnetic anisotropy up to H-k = 20 Oe. It was found that H-c decreases and H-k increases with increasing film thickness. The BCC phase dominates at small film thickness up to about 80 nm and the FCC phase increases when the film growths ...

  16. Growth, structure, surface topography and magnetic properties of GdMnO3 multiferroic epitaxial thin films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukovskii Ya.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Epitaxial GdMnO3 thin films were grown in various regimes on (001 NdGaO3 and (001 SrTiO3 substrates by RF magnetron sputtering. X-ray analysis revealed that the films grown at a substrate temperature of 650-900 °C are single phase (GdMnO3 with orthorhombic Pbnm structure. Films grown on NdGaO3 substrates at lower temperature (750 °C reveal two orientations, i.e. GdMnO3(001||NdGaO3(001 and GdMnO3(110||NdGaO3(001. These results are confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Films grown on SrTiO3 substrates have two orientations, i.e. GdMnO3(001||SrTiO3(001 and GdMnO3(110||SrTiO3(001, in the whole temperature range in which the phase exists. Using atomic force microscopy the correlation between the topography of the films and their crystallographic structure was studied. The magnetic properties of the films differ from those of bulk samples and revealed spin-glass behavior.

  17. Structural and magnetic properties of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles

    OpenAIRE

    Coaquira, L. León Fénix J. A. H.; Martínez, M. A. R.; Goya, G. F.; Mantilla, J.; Sousa, M. H.; Valladares, L. de los Santos; Barnes, C. H. W.; Morais, P. C.

    2017-01-01

    We present a systematic study of core-shell Au/Fe_3O_4 nanoparticles produced by thermal decomposition under mild conditions. The morphology and crystal structure of the nanoparticles revealed the presence of Au core of = (6.9\\pm 1.0) nm surrounded by Fe_3O_4 shell with a thickness of ~3.5 nm, epitaxially grown onto the Au core surface. The Au/Fe_3O_4 core-shell structure was demonstrated by high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis. The magnetite shell...

  18. Physical Properties of semiconducting/magnetic nanocomposites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra eGranitzer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this review the fabrication of porous silicon/magnetic nanocomposite materials and their physical properties are elucidated. Especially the investigation of the presented systems with respect to their magnetic properties is reported. Furthermore the influence of the semiconducting matrix on the properties of the nanocomposites is highlighted. The main focus will be put on silicon used as template-material. In general the nanocomposite systems are fabricated in a two-step process, first by anodization of a silicon wafer to achieve porous silicon structures, and second by electrodeposition of a magnetic material into the pores. The morphology of the porous silicon template offers straight pores, grown perpendicular to the wafer surface. The magnetic nanostructures deposited within the pores lead to specific properties of the composite dependent on their size and shape. Due to their mutual arrangement magnetic coupling between these structures can occur whereas, coupling between adjacent pores depends on the porous silicon morphology. In a first section different types of such template/metal systems are reviewed and second an experimental part follows implying the porous silicon formation as well as the subsequent metal deposition process. Third the magnetic and optical properties of the systems are described. In a forth chapter the influence of the semiconducting matrix on these properties is elucidated and finally some prospects and conclusions are addressed.

  19. Structure and magnetic properties of a new binuclear copper(II) complex of a tripodal oxime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Premužić, Dejan; Korabik, Maria; Hołyńska, Małgorzata

    2014-02-01

    Perchlorate salt of a new binuclear [Cu2] cationic complex (1) with tris(1-propan-2-onyl oxime)amine acting as a ligand is introduced. In each complex cation two Cu2+ cations are linked by oxime groups from two ligands, whereas two remaining oxime groups per ligand remain non-deprotonated and participate in bifurcated O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. Cu2+ ions are strongly antiferromagnetically coupled with singlet-triplet energy gap of about 2J = -750 cm-1, giving rise to interesting EPR properties.

  20. Effect of Ag in structural, electrical and magnetic properties of Ag-sheated Bi-2223 wires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Sohrabi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available  In this study, the superconducting properties of Bi-2223/Ag wires, made by the PIT method have been studied. Powder samples were prepared using conventional solid state reaction method. After calcination, samples with different Ag percent (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 prepared and sintered at 830 °C. It was shown that Ag addition has not only affected the formation of the desired Bi-2223 phase and the microstructure of these wires, but also influenced on the critical current density (JC and critical temperature.

  1. Structural, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect in Ni-doped antiperovskite compounds GaCMn{sub 3-x}Ni{sub x} (0<=x<=0.10)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, B.S. [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei 230031 (China); Tong, P., E-mail: tongpeng@issp.ac.c [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei 230031 (China); Sun, Y.P., E-mail: ypsun@issp.ac.c [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei 230031 (China); High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Tang, W.; Li, L.J.; Zhu, X.B.; Yang, Z.R.; Song, W.H. [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei 230031 (China)

    2010-05-15

    The effects of Ni substitution on the structure, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of antipervoskite compounds GaCMn{sub 3-x}Ni{sub x} (0<=x<=0.10) have been investigated systematically. As the doping level x increases, both the Curie temperature T{sub C} and the saturated magnetization M{sub S} at 200 K increase, while the antiferromagnetic ground state gradually decreases. The observed behavior could be well interpreted by considering the lattice shrinkage and band filling effects. The magnetic entropy change DELTAS{sub M} with an applied field change of 48 kOe shows a plateau-like temperature dependent behavior for x=0.05, 0.07 and a caret-like behavior for x=0.10. Our results indicate that the magnetic properties and MCE of GaCMn{sub 3} may be easily tunable by chemical doping in Mn site.

  2. Synthesis, crystal structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of homodinuclear lanthanide complexes with a flexible tripodal carboxylate ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ai-Jiang; Wang, Ya-Wen; Dou, Wei; Dong, Ming; Zhang, Yan-Ling; Tang, Yu; Liu, Wei-Sheng; Peng, Yu

    2011-03-28

    Six new homodinuclear lanthanide(III) complexes with a flexible tripodal carboxylate ligand (H(3)L), of formulae [Ln(2)L(2)(DMF)(4)]·4DMF (Ln = La (1), Nd (2), Eu (3), Gd (4), Tb (5), Dy (6), DMF = N, N-Dimethylformamide) have been synthesized. Among them, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which crystallized in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n with a = 13.309(2) Å, b = 27.404(4) Å, c = 16.686(3) Å, β = 105.115(2) and V = 5875.2(17) Å(3) for 1, a = 13.3016(5) Å, b = 27.1952(12) Å, c = 16.6339(7) Å, β = 105.030(2) and V = 5811.3(4) Å(3) for 2, a = 13.2797(10) Å, b = 27.072(2) Å, c = 16.6564(13) Å, β = 104.9390(10) and V = 5785.7(8) Å(3) for 3, a = 13.2855(3) Å, b = 27.0074(6) Å, c = 16.6357(3) Å, β = 104.9790(10) and V = 5766.2(2) Å(3) for 4, a = 13.2837(5) Å, b = 26.9105(10) Å, c = 16.6066(6) Å, β = 104.917(2) and V = 5736.3(4) Å(3) for 6. The crystal structures reveal that these complexes are isostructural, and molecules are connected from 0D to 3D supramolecular structures by hydrogen bonds. All of them were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, XRD and TGA. Unusually, non-luminescent Tb(III) complex was obtained. The photophysical property of the Eu(III) complex and the magnetic property of Gd(III) complex are investigated and discussed in detail.

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of CaMg2Fe16O27

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    W-type ferrite; electrical conductivity; paramagnetic susceptibility; Curie molar constant. 1. Introduction. Calcium hexaferrite CaMg2–W belongs to the family of. W-type ferrites like BaFe18O27 and SrFe18O27 (Smit and. Wijn 1959; Lotgering et al 1980). The crystal structure and the chemistry of W-type hexaferrites are closely.

  4. Magnetic and structural properties of Fe-Co nanowires fabricated by matrix synthesis in the pores of track membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolov, K. V.; Zagorskii, D. L.; Lyubutin, I. S.; Chuev, M. A.; Perunov, I. V.; Bedin, S. A.; Lomov, A. A.; Artemov, V. V.; Sulyanov, S. N.

    2017-03-01

    Fe1- x Co x nanowires are obtained by electrochemical deposition into the pores of track-etched membranes. The characteristics of the growth process that allow controlling the length and aspect ratio of the nanowires are established. The elemental composition and magnetic properties of the nanowires depend on the diameter of the track-etched pores, which varies from 30 to 200 nm, and the electrochemical potential U (650-850 mV), which determines the nanowire growth rate. According to the results of elemental analysis and the Mössbauer spectroscopy data, the Co content in Fe1- x Co x lies in the range of x=0.20-0.25. It is found that the orientation of the magnetic moment of Fe-Co nanoparticles in the wires depends both on the track pore size d and on the nanowire growth rate. Thus, the magnetic moments in nanowires grown in 50-nm-diameter pores are oriented within 0°-40° with respect to the nanowire axis. The magnetic properties of the nanowires are explained in the framework of a theoretical model describing the magnetic dynamics of nanocomposites, which was extended to include the relaxation of the magnetization vector and to take into account interaction between the particles. The key physical parameters important for the technological applications of the nanowires are determined, their dependence on the nanowire growth conditions is traced, and the possibility of controlling them is established.

  5. Magnetic properties of hematite nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Franz; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt; Bender Koch, Christian

    2000-01-01

    The magnetic properties of hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) particles with sizes of about 16 nm have been studied by use of Mossbauer spectroscopy, magnetization measurements, and neutron diffraction. The nanoparticles are weakly ferromagnetic at temperatures at least down to 5 K with a spontaneous magneti...

  6. Structure, magnetism and electronic properties in 3d–5d based double perovskite ({Sr_{1-x}} Y x )2FeIrO6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharkwal, K. C.; Pramanik, A. K.

    2017-12-01

    The 3d–5d based double perovskites are of current interest as they provide model systems to study the interplay between electronic correlation (U) and spin–orbit coupling (SOC). Here, we report detailed structural, magnetic and transport properties of doped double perovskite material (Sr1-x Y x )2FeIrO6 with x ≤slant 0.2 . With substitution of Y, the system retains its original crystal structure but structural parameters change with x in nonmonotonic fashion. The magnetization data for Sr2FeIrO6 show antiferromagnetic type magnetic transition around 45 K however, a close inspection of the data indicates a weak magnetic phase transition around 120 K. No change of structural symmetry has been observed down to low temperature, although the lattice parameters show sudden changes around the magnetic transitions. Sr2FeIrO6 shows an insulating behavior over the whole temperature range, which nevertheless does not change with Y substitution. The nature of charge conduction is found to follow thermally activated Mott’s variable range hopping and power law behavior for parent and doped samples, respectively. Interestingly, evolution of structural, magnetic and transport behavior in (Sr1-x Y x )2FeIrO6 is observed to reverse with x > 0.1 , which is believed to arise due to a change in the transition metal ionic state.

  7. Structure, magnetism and electronic properties in 3d-5d based double perovskite (Sr1-xYx)2FeIrO6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharkwal, Kishor Chandra; Pramanik, Ashim Kumar

    2017-10-17

    The 3$d$-5$d$ based double perovskites are of current interest as they provide model system to study the interplay between electronic correlation ($U$) and spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Here we report detailed structural, magnetic and transport properties of doped double perovskite material (Sr$_{1-x}$Y$_x$)$_2$FeIrO$_6$ with $x$ $\\leq$ 0.2. With substitution of Y, system retains its original crystal structure but structural parameters modify with $x$ in nonmonotonic fashion. The magnetization data for Sr$_2$FeIrO$_6$ show antiferromagnetic type magnetic transition around 45 K, however, a close inspection in data indicates a weak magnetic phase transition around 120 K. No change of structural symmetry has been observed down to low temperature, although the lattice parameters show sudden changes around the magnetic transitions. Sr$_2$FeIrO$_6$ shows an insulating behavior over the whole temperature range which yet does not change with Y substitution. Nature of charge conduction is found to follow thermally activated Mott's variable range hopping and power law behavior for parent and doped samples, respectively. Interestingly, evolution of structural, magnetic and transport behavior in (Sr$_{1-x}$Y$_x$)$_2$FeIrO$_6$ is observed to reverse with $x$ $>$ 0.1 which is believed to arise due to change in transition metal ionic state. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.

  8. Electrical and magnetic properties of Nb2O5-γ crystallographic shear structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cava, R.J.; Batlogg, B.; Krajewski, J.J.

    1991-01-01

    The reduced niobium oxides Nb25O62, Nb47O116, Nb22O54, and Nb12O29 have been prepared in pure polycrystalline form by a niobium-metal gettering technique. They are related to the high niobia parent structure through the action of cystallographic shear to accommodate oxygen deficiency in Nb2O5-del....... Electrical conductivities increase with increasing reduction: Nb12O29 is a metallic conductor down to 0.3 K. All show, surprisingly, Curie-Weiss behavior in the chi-vs-T curves, with Nb12O29 ordering antiferromagnetically at 12 K....

  9. Size Effect on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nanosized Perovskite LaFeO3 Prepared by Different Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Thuy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nanosized LaFeO3 material was prepared by 3 methods: high energy milling, citrate gel, and coprecipitation. The X-ray diffraction (XRD, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA show that the orthorhombic LaFeO3 phase was well formed at a low sintering temperature of 500°C in the citrate-gel and co-precipitation methods. Scanning electron microscope (SEM and transmission electron microscope (TEM observations indicate that the particle size of the LaFeO3 powder varies from 10 nm to 50 nm depending on the preparation method. The magnetic properties through magnetization versus temperature M(T and magnetization verses magnetic field M(H characteristics show that the nano-LaFeO3 exhibits a weak ferromagnetic behavior in the room temperature, and the M(H curves are well fitted by Langevin functions.

  10. Dependence Of The Structure And Magnetic Properties Of Cast Plate-Shaped Nd60Fe30Al10 Samples On Their Thickness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michalski B.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The hard magnetic Nd-Fe-Al alloys are inferior to Nd-Fe-B magnets as far as the magnetic properties are concerned, but their great advantage is that they need no additional annealing to achieve good magnetic properties. These properties depend on the cooling rate from the melting state, and on the thickness of the sample - the best values are achieved at the quenching rates at which the samples have a thickness of 0.3-2 mm. The present study is concerned with the correlation between the magnetic properties of the plate-shaped Nd60Fe30Al10 samples and their size - thickness. Two casting ways: with the melt stream perpendicular direction and parallel to the surface of the plates were used. The plates were produced by pressure casting and suction casting. The studies have shown that the cooling rates depends on local propagation on liquid metal in the mold resulting in heterogeneity of structure and properties.

  11. The effect of Lanthanum vacancy on structural, electrical and magnetic properties of La1-xMnO3+δ manganite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Hosseinzadeh

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available  In this investigation, the effect of Lanthanum vacancy on the structural, electrical and magnetic properties of La1-xMnO3+δ manganite (x=0, 0.05 was studied. Decreasing La3+ amount in samples led to creation of some Mn4+ cations. By increasing the Mn4+content in atomic structure of samples, double exchange interaction was strengthened. Results of Ac magnetic susceptibility measurements indicated that both samples (x=0, 0.05 have spin glass-like behavior at low temperatures. Electrical transport measurements showed a decrease in resistivity of samples, which can be attributed to variation in Mn3+ to Mn4+ ratio and different kinds of magnetic interactions in the samples. Furthermore, it was shown that fast cooling (FC is an appropriate method in controlling the oxygen of samples. The samples prepared by FC method showed similar properties with stoichiometric La1-xMnO3.

  12. Effects of Ga substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of half metallic Fe{sub 2}MnSi Heusler compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedro, S. S., E-mail: sandrapedro@uerj.br; Caraballo Vivas, R. J.; Andrade, V. M.; Cruz, C.; Paixão, L. S.; Contreras, C.; Costa-Soares, T.; Rocco, D. L.; Reis, M. S. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói-RJ (Brazil); Caldeira, L. [IF Sudeste MG, Campus Juiz de Fora - Núcleo de Física, Juiz de Fora-MG (Brazil); Coelho, A. A. [Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Unicamp, Campinas-SP (Brazil); Carvalho, A. Magnus G. [Laboratório Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, CNPEM, Campinas-SP (Brazil)

    2015-01-07

    The so-called half-metallic magnets have been proposed as good candidates for spintronic applications due to the feature of exhibiting a hundred percent spin polarization at the Fermi level. Such materials follow the Slater-Pauling rule, which relates the magnetic moment with the valence electrons in the system. In this paper, we study the bulk polycrystalline half-metallic Fe{sub 2}MnSi Heusler compound replacing Si by Ga to determine how the Ga addition changes the magnetic, the structural, and the half-metal properties of this compound. The material does not follow the Slater-Pauling rule, probably due to a minor structural disorder degree in the system, but a linear dependence on the magnetic transition temperature with the valence electron number points to the half-metallic behavior of this compound.

  13. Magnetic properties of sulfur-doped graphene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Clemson Nanomaterial Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Park, H. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Podila, R., E-mail: rpodila@g.clemson.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Clemson Nanomaterial Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); COMSET, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Wadehra, A. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Ayala, P. [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria); Oliveira, L.; He, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Zakhidov, A.A.; Howard, A. [Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX (United States); Wilkins, J. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Rao, A.M., E-mail: arao@g.clemson.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Clemson Nanomaterial Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); COMSET, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States)

    2016-03-01

    While studying magnetism of d- and f-electron systems has been consistently an active research area in physics, chemistry, and biology, there is an increasing interest in the novel magnetism of p-electron systems, especially in graphene and graphene-derived nanostructures. Bulk graphite is diamagnetic in nature, however, graphene is known to exhibit either a paramagnetic response or weak ferromagnetic ordering. Although many groups have attributed this magnetism in graphene to defects or unintentional magnetic impurities, there is a lack of compelling evidence to pinpoint its origin. To resolve this issue, we systematically studied the influence of entropically necessary intrinsic defects (e.g., vacancies, edges) and extrinsic dopants (e.g., S-dopants) on the magnetic properties of graphene. We found that the saturation magnetization of graphene decreased upon sulfur doping suggesting that S-dopants demagnetize vacancies and edges. Our density functional theory calculations provide evidence for: (i) intrinsic defect demagnetization by the formation of covalent bonds between S-dopant and edges/vacancies concurring with the experimental results, and (ii) a net magnetization from only zig-zag edges, suggesting that the possible contradictory results on graphene magnetism in the literature could stem from different defect-types. Interestingly, we observed peculiar local maxima in the temperature dependent magnetizations that suggest the coexistence of different magnetic phases within the same graphene samples. - Highlights: • Magnetic properties of pristine and S-doped graphene were investigated. • Pristine graphene with intrinsic defects exhibits a non-zero magnetic moment. • The addition of S-dopants was found to quench the magnetic ordering. • DFT calculations confirmed that magnetization in graphene arises from defects. • DFT calculations show S-dopants quench local magnetic moment of defect structures.

  14. Structural and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 60}Al{sub 40} alloys prepared by means of a magnetic mill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernal-Correa, R. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales (Colombia); Rosales-Rivera, A., E-mail: arosalesr@unal.edu.c [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales (Colombia); Pineda-Gomez, P. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales (Colombia); Universidad de Caldas, Manizales (Colombia); Salazar, N.A. [Laboratorio de Magnetismo y Materiales Avanzados, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales (Colombia)

    2010-04-16

    A study on synthesis, structural and magnetic characterization of Fe{sub 60}Al{sub 40} (at.%) alloys prepared by means of mechanical alloying process is presented. The mechanical alloying was performed using a milling device with magnetically controlled ball movement (Uni-Ball-Mill 5 equipment) at several milling times. The characterization was carried out via X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The effects of milling time on the structural state, morphological evolution and magnetic behaviour of the Fe{sub 60}Al{sub 40} (at.%) alloys are discussed. Besides, in this current study we emphasize the result that indicating a ferro-para-ferromagnetic transition from a correlation between X-ray diffraction and magnetization data.

  15. Effect of Gd doping on the structural, optical band-gap, dielectric and magnetic properties of ZnO nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, A., Jr.; Pessoni, H. V. S.

    2017-02-01

    Nanostructured Zn1-xGdxOδ (0 ≤ x ⩽ 0.02) powders were synthesized by the combustion reaction method (CR) with the purpose to investigate the effect of Gd doping on the structural, optical band-gap, dielectric and magnetic properties at room temperature. The structure and morphology of all samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The XRD patterns of all samples exhibited sharp and intensive peaks of hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO without any evidence of spurious crystalline phases. The nanoparticles crystalized in roughly spherical morphology with bimodal particle size distribution centered at ∼ 30 , ∼ 100 and ∼ 70 , ∼ 160 nm for undoped and Gd - doped ZnO (x=0.02), respectively. Diffuse reflectance spectrum of each sample was obtained by using a UV/VIS/Near spectrometer and the optical band-gap, Eg, values decreased with increasing Gd doping concentration; being ∼ 3.23 , and ∼ 3.17 eV for x=0 and 0.02, respectively at room temperature. This red shift on the band-gap was discussed in terms of new band levels below the conducting band. Also, the dielectric permittivity data of all samples could be evaluated by the Cole- Cole model. Seems that both oxygen vacancies (VO) or/and interstitial oxygen (O″ı¨) defects present in the Gd - doped ZnO samples play an important rule in the dielectric permittivity at room temperature. Furthermore, all Gd - doped ZnO samples exhibited typical paramagnetic behavior at rom temperature.

  16. Syntheses, crystal structures, magnetic and luminescent properties of two classes of molybdenum(VI) rich quaternary lanthanide selenites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Su-Yun; Mao, Jiang-Gao

    2011-06-06

    Hydrothermal reactions of lanthanide(III) oxide, molybdenum oxide, and SeO(2) at 230 °C lead to five new molybdenum-rich quaternary lanthanide selenites with two types of structures, namely, H(3)Ln(4)Mo(9.5)O(32)(SeO(3))(4)(H(2)O)(2) (Ln = La, 1; Nd, 2) and Ln(2)Mo(3)O(10)(SeO(3))(2)(H(2)O) (Ln = Eu, 3; Dy, 4; Er, 5). Compounds 1 and 2 feature a complicated three-dimensional (3D) architecture constructed by the intergrowth of infinite molybdenum selenite chains of [Mo(4.75)SeO(19)](5.5-) and one-dimensional (1D) lanthanide selenite chains. The structures of 3, 4, and 5 exhibit 3D network composed of 1D [Mo(3)SeO(13)](4-) anionic chains connected by lanthanide selenite chains. The molybdenum selenite chain of [Mo(4.75)SeO(19)](5.5-) in 1 and 2 is composed of a pair of [Mo(3)SeO(13)](4-) chains as in 3, 4, and 5 interconnected by a [Mo(1.75)O(8)](5.5-) double-strand polymer via corner-sharing. The lanthanide selenite chains in both structures are similar in terms of coordination modes of selenite groups as well as the coordination environments of lanthanide(III) ions. Luminescent studies at both room temperature and 10 K indicate that compound 2 displays strong luminescence in the near-IR region and compound 3 exhibits red fluorescent emission bands with a luminescent lifetime of 0.57 ms. Magnetic properties of these compounds have been also investigated. © 2011 American Chemical Society

  17. Structural variety and magnetic properties of oxime-bridged copper(II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hołyńska, Małgorzata

    2015-10-01

    A series of new oxime-bridged copper(II) complexes is introduced with phenyl 2-pyridyl ketoxime (ppkoH) as a ligand: polymeric [Cu2(ppko)2(ppkoH)2](NO3)(BF4)·CH3OH (1), dinuclear [Cu2(ppko)2(ppkoH)2](ClO4)2 (2), [Cu2(ppko)2(ppkoH)](ClO4)2·0.75CH3OH (3), trinuclear [Cu3(OH)(ppko)3(CH3OH)]·[Cu3(OH)(ppko)3(CH3OH)2](ClO4)4·CH3OH (4) and [Cu3(OH)(ppko)3(CH3OH)](BF4)(NO3) (5). Structural aspects are described in detail, other characterization techniques include elemental analyses, IR and EDX spectra.

  18. Magnetic and structural properties of Bi(2223doped by pb and Sb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Salamati

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available   In a systematic approach, we have investigated the effect of the presence of Pb and Sb in the Bi site in a BSCCO (2223 phase superconductor. There are some contradictory reports in substitution of Sb in the Bi site. Some researchers report an increase in the Tc of these materials. So, we have made an accurate stoichiometry of these superconductors and selected extra pure starting materials with appropriate ratios of Pb+Sb.   The susceptility of these samples have been measured and the structures of the systems have been studied by SEM and XRD. The results of this investigation show that, Although the presence of Pb is essential for formation of (2223 phase, but addition of small amount of Sb helps to stabilize and enhance the ratio of higher phase. Our results show that, presence of Sb would raise the critical current density, but would not affect the Tc of these superconductors.

  19. Multiferroic YCrO3 thin films: Structural, ferroelectric and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervacio-Arciniega, J. J.; Murillo-Bracamontes, E.; Contreras, O.; Siqueiros, J. M.; Raymond, O.; Durán, A.; Bueno-Baques, D.; Valdespino, D.; Cruz-Valeriano, E.; Enríquez-Flores, C. I.; Cruz, M. P.

    2018-01-01

    Highly oriented and locally epitaxial multiferroic YCrO3 (001) thin films, 20 nm thick, were deposited by r.f. magnetron sputtering on SrTiO3 (110) substrates at 890 °C. The structure was investigated by x-ray diffraction and cross section high resolution transmition electron microscopy, a clear local matching between the YCrO3 film and the substrate was observed. Ferroelectricity was confirmed by means of switching areas with opposite polarization directions, first and second harmonic electromechanical signals, and local hysteresis ferroelectric curves obtained by piezoresponse force microscopy. Additionally, below the Néel temperature, a clear ferromagnetic hysteresis loop was observed. These results will encourage further studies on the mechanism that promotes the ferroelectric nature in YCrO3 compound.

  20. Two new coordination polymers based on a flexible bib ligand: Structures and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yong-Liang; Liu, Ping; Li, Ke-Bin; Zhou, Chun-Sheng; Yue, Ke-Fen

    2017-11-01

    Two new coordination polymers, {[Co(bib)0.5(bdc-Br2)]·CH3OH}n (1) and {[Co(bib)(1,4-ndc)]·0.5H2O}n (2) have been synthesized. The results of X-ray crystallographic analysis show that compound 1 exhibits a 6-connected three-dimensional (3D) 2-fold interpenetrated architectures with the point symbol of 412.63, 2 displays a 4-connected 3D 4-fold [2 + 2] interpenetrated structures with the point symbol of 66. The formulas of 1 and 2 were determined by X-ray crystallography, elemental analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In addition, the compounds 1 and 2 reveal antiferromagnetic interactions.

  1. New polar intermetallic phases RE2Zn5Tt (RE = La-Nd; Tt = Sn and Pb): synthesis, structure, chemical bonding, and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suen, Nian-Tzu; Bobev, Svilen

    2013-08-05

    Reported are the synthesis, crystal structure, electronic structure, and magnetic properties of a series of zinc-rich ternary phases with formulas RE2Zn5Tt (RE = La-Nd; Tt = Sn and Pb). The structures of these compounds have been established by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. They crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm (No. 63, LaRhSn2 structure type, Pearson symbol oC32). The most prominent structural feature is the trigonal-planar coordination of the Sn(Pb) atoms; the latter interconnect layers of Zn atoms to comprise a complex [Zn5Tt] polyanionic framework. The structural relationships between the structure of the title compounds and the EuIn4, La3Al11, and YIrGe2 structure types are highlighted. Temperature-dependent DC magnetization measurements indicate Pauli-like paramagnetism for La2Zn5Sn, while Ce2Zn5Sn, Pr2Zn5Sn, and Nd2Zn5Sn display Curie-Weiss behavior in the high-temperature regime. At cryogenic temperatures, the magnetic responses of Ce2Zn5Sn, Pr2Zn5Sn, and Nd2Zn5Sn appear to deviate from the Curie-Weiss law; however, no magnetic orderings could be observed down to 5 K. Theoretical considerations of the electronic structure on the basis of the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital (TB-LMTO-ASA) method are also presented and discussed.

  2. Structural, magnetic, dielectric and bonding properties of BiMnO3 grown by co-precipitation technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Hanif

    Full Text Available In this work, powders of BiMnO3 (BMO are prepared by using co-precipitation method. The effect of sintering temperature on the physical properties is observed. The X-ray diffraction (XRD reveals monoclinic structure, while the surface morphology observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM indicates sintering temperature dependent grain growth and an increased surface uniformity. The paramagnetic behavior is exhibited by the grown samples at room temperature (RT, which is due to the ordering temperature well below RT. The dielectric constant and the dielectric loss decay with frequency, which is due to the dipole relaxation. Moreover, Mn–O and Bi–O vibrational bands have been observed in the range 800–850 cm−1 and 500–600 cm−1, respectively. The prepared samples find potential application as a multiferroic material, with simultaneous control over both the magnetism and the dielectric characteristics. Keywords: Multiferroics, Paramagnetism, Co-precipitation, Dielectric constant, Surface morphology

  3. RbNb6Cl12O2: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhili Gulo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A novel niobium oxychloride cluster compound, RbNb6Cl12O2 was obtained by solid state synthesis from stoichiometric mixture of RbCl, Nb2O5, NbCl5 and Nb powder, heated at 675 °C. Its structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in the monoclinic system (a = 6.8097(4 Å, b = 11.6700(9 Å, c = 12.5090(9 Å, ß = 101.337(4 °, V = 974.68(12 Å3, and Z = 2 with the space group of P21/c. The cluster framework of this compound is based on  units connected via oxide ligands in the a-direction with two Nb-O linkages between adjacent clusters, which resembles intercluster bonding in Chevrel-Sergent phases. In the other two directions, the linkages occur through single Cla-a bridges. The framework generates channels where the cations Rb+ are located. This compound contains valence electron concentration (VEC of 15 per cluster unit and therefore exhibits the paramagnetic behavior.   Keywords: niobium oxychloride cluster, solid state, VEC, paramagnetic

  4. Structure and magnetic properties of metastable Co-Cu solid solution nanowire arrays fabricated by electrodeposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Tao; Li, Fashen; Wang, Ying; Song, Lijing [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou Univesity, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2006-08-15

    Nanowire arrays of the metastable Co{sub x}Cu{sub 1-x} (0.20{<=}x{<=}0.85) solid solution system which can not be obtained by equilibrium methods, were prepared by electrodeposition in pores of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template, and subsequently annealed at different temperatures. The as-deposited samples all show single phase of fcc structure, and lattice parameters decrease with the increase of Co content and fundamentally accord with Vegard's law. The phase transition with heat treatment was investigated by X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis (DTA) which further confirmed the formation of solid solution. With Co content increasing, the coercivity along nanowire axis for as-deposited samples increases, but it decreases for the annealed samples at 700 C. This phenomenon was explained considering the interaction of Co particles through Cu in nanowires after phase separation. (copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  5. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of distorted Y{sub x}La{sub 1-x}FeO{sub 3}: Effects of mechanochemical activation and composition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cristobal, A.A. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales, INTEMA (CONICET-UNMdP), J.B. Justo 4302 B7608FDQ, Mar del Plata (Argentina); Botta, P.M., E-mail: pbotta@fi.mdp.edu.ar [Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales, INTEMA (CONICET-UNMdP), J.B. Justo 4302 B7608FDQ, Mar del Plata (Argentina); Aglietti, E.F.; Conconi, M.S. [Centro de Tecnologia de Recursos Minerales y Ceramica, CETMIC (CIC-CONICET), Camino P. Centenario y 506 B1897ZCA, Gonnet (Argentina); Bercoff, P.G. [Facultad de Matematica, Astronomia y Fisica, FaMAF UNC and IFEG (CONICET), Ciudad Universitaria (5000), Cordoba (Argentina); Porto Lopez, J.M. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencia y Tecnologia de Materiales, INTEMA (CONICET-UNMdP), J.B. Justo 4302 B7608FDQ, Mar del Plata (Argentina)

    2011-11-01

    Highlights: {yields} Y{sub x}La{sub 1-x}FeO{sub 3} phases (0 {<=} x {<=} 1) were prepared at RT by mechanochemical treatment. {yields} The obtained materials showed an anisotropic distortion of its crystal structure. {yields} Combination of Y-doping and mechanochemistry produced weak ferromagnetic materials. {yields} Thermal treatments improved the structural order, leading to antiferromagnetic solids. {yields} Neel temperature decreased with x due to less stable magnetic structures. - Abstract: The influence of mechanochemical treatment on the synthesis and properties of Y{sub x}La{sub 1-x}FeO{sub 3} (0 {<=} x {<=} 1) orthoferrites is studied. Solid mixtures of the corresponding metal oxides were treated in a high-energy ball-mill. X-ray diffraction revealed that during the milling the disappearance of the reactants and a fast conversion to orthoferrite phase take place. Magnetic measurements showed a weak ferromagnetic behavior of the obtained materials, observing higher magnetization for larger x. The activated powders heated at 600 and 800 deg. C showed a progressive crystalline ordering together with a significant drop of magnetization. Thermal treatments at 1000 deg. C produced the formation of the phase Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} for the samples richer in yttrium, increasing the magnetization. Rietveld refinements of the diffraction patterns and dynamical scanning calorimetry were used respectively to determine the lattice parameters and Neel temperatures for the formed orthoferrites. The effect of the composition on the structure and magnetic behavior is discussed.

  6. Structural, optical and magnetic properties of Zn{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}O dilute magnetic semiconductors thin films by pulsed laser deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang Shanying [College of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014 (China); Laiwu Vocational and Technical College, Laiwu, Shandong 271100 (China); Man, B.Y., E-mail: byman@sdnu.edu.c [College of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014 (China); Liu, M.; Chen, C.S.; Gao, X.G.; Wang, C.C.; Hu, B. [College of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014 (China)

    2010-09-15

    We fabricated Zn{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}O (x=0.05) thin films on sapphire (0 0 0 1) substrates by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method at various temperatures in an oxygen-deficient ambient. X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra, UV-vis transmittance spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) were used for charecterization. All samples possessed the wurtzite structure with the preferential c-axis orientation; PL located at about 418, 450 and 471 nm was observed; Co{sup 2+} ions incorporated into the ZnO lattice with substitution for Zn{sup 2+} ions, oxygen vacancies, oxygen antisites and Zn interstitials existed in the as-samples. Results of magnetic property of the films investigated by an alternating gradient magnetometer (AGM) indicated that all samples take on room temperature ferromagnetism. It suggested that the ferromagnetism originated from the Co{sup 2+}-Co{sup 2+} exchange interaction related to oxygen vacancies, oxygen antisites and Zn interstitials.

  7. Thin yttrium iron garnet films grown by pulsed laser deposition: Crystal structure, static, and dynamic magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sokolov, N. S., E-mail: nsokolov@fl.ioffe.ru; Fedorov, V. V.; Korovin, A. M.; Suturin, S. M.; Baranov, D. A.; Gastev, S. V.; Krichevtsov, B. B.; Bursian, V. E.; Lutsev, L. V. [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Maksimova, K. Yu.; Grunin, A. I. [Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad 236041 (Russian Federation); Tabuchi, M. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

    2016-01-14

    Pulsed laser deposition has been used to grow thin (10–84 nm) epitaxial layers of Yttrium Iron Garnet Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} (YIG) on (111)–oriented Gadolinium Gallium Garnet substrates at different growth conditions. Atomic force microscopy showed flat surface morphology both on micrometer and nanometer scales. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the films are coherent with the substrate in the interface plane. The interplane distance in the [111] direction was found to be by 1.2% larger than expected for YIG stoichiometric pseudomorphic film indicating presence of rhombohedral distortion in this direction. Polar Kerr effect and ferromagnetic resonance measurements showed existence of additional magnetic anisotropy, which adds to the demagnetizing field to keep magnetization vector in the film plane. The origin of the magnetic anisotropy is related to the strain in YIG films observed by XRD. Magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements revealed important role of magnetization rotation during magnetization reversal. An unusual fine structure of microwave magnetic resonance spectra has been observed in the film grown at reduced (0.5 mTorr) oxygen pressure. Surface spin wave propagation has been demonstrated in the in-plane magnetized films.

  8. Improved magnetic induction heating of nanoferrites for hyperthermia applications: Correlation with colloidal stability and magneto-structural properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khot, V.M., E-mail: wish_khot@yahoo.co.in [Center for Interdisciplinary Research, D. Y. Patil University, Kolhapur 416006 (India); Salunkhe, A.B. [Advanced Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Savitribai Phule University of Pune (India); Ruso, J.M. [Soft Matter and Molecular Biophysics Group, Applied Physics Department, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Pawar, S.H. [Center for Interdisciplinary Research, D. Y. Patil University, Kolhapur 416006 (India)

    2015-06-15

    Nanoferrites with compositions Mn{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, Co{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, Ni{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (MZF, CZF and NZF respectively) coated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) were prepared in a single step. These nanoparticles are highly water dispersible with zeta potential values between 14 and 21 mV. Magnetic induction heating characteristics of these NPs have been studied as a function of magnetic field amplitude from 6.7 to 26.7 kA m{sup −1} (at fixed frequency 265 kHz) and concentration of nanoparticles. Notable enhancement in specific absorption rate (334.5 W g{sup −1}) by CZF nanoparticles has been observed. This enhanced induction heating properties have been studied and correlated with colloidal stability and magnetostructural properties such as tuned magnetic anisotropy arising from zinc substitution. Cytotoxicity of synthesized mixed ferrites has been evaluated in vitro on HeLa cell lines using MTT assay to explore their use as heating agents in magnetic hyperthermia. - Highlights: • Magnetic nanoferrites (sizes 8–12 nm) with improved specific absorption rate (334.5 W g{sup −1}) at lowest particle concentration have been prepared • The results have been explained by correlating colloidal stability and magnetostructural properties such as magnetocrystalline anisotropy. • It has been shown that substitution of zinc tunes anisotropy of cobalt iron oxide within the value optimized previously in achieving high throughput in magnetic induction heating. • In vitro cytotoxicity proves nanoparticles are non-toxic suggesting their use as a potential heating agent in hyperthermia therapy.

  9. Structural and magnetic properties of CoFe{sub 2−x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 4} nanocrystalline ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohamed, Mohamed Bakr [Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Physics Department, Cairo (Egypt); Wahba, Adel Maher, E-mail: a_m_wahba@yahoo.co.uk [Tanta University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Tanta (Egypt); Yehia, M. [Reactor Physics Department, Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, PO Box 13759 Cairo (Egypt)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Crystallite size decreases with increasing Mo content. • XRD peaks and IR bands confirmed spinel structure. • VSM and Mössbauer data revealed that Mo substitution has softened the magnetic properties. • A proposed cation distribution was proposed based on experimental results. - Abstract: Structural and magnetic properties of CoFe{sub 2−x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 4} (x 0, 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.16, 0.2, and 0.3) nano ferrites synthesized by autocombustion method were investigated. X-ray powder diffraction patterns have confirmed the pure cubic crystalline phase of the synthesized nanoparticles. Magnetic properties were explored using vibrating sample magnetometry and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Both the crystallite size (D) and the saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) decreased continuously with increasing Mo content. Bertaut method based on X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy (IR) data, saturation magnetization and Mössbauer spectroscopy were used to suggest the cation distribution in tetrahedral (A) and octahedral [B] sites for the whole samples.

  10. Optimizing the structure and magnetic properties of SmCo nanoferrites synthesized by auto-combustion processing techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, M. A.; Okasha, N.; Mohamed, A. A.; Mmdouh, I.

    2014-05-01

    Nano-particles of polycrystalline SmxCoFe2-xO4; 0≤x≤0.04 were prepared using flash auto-combustion method. It was obtained as dried powder after the successful chemical reaction of their respective metal nitrates solutions in the presence of urea as fuel. Synthesis of materials in single phase cubic spinel is determined using XRD analyses. The structure and composition of Sm doped Co-ferrite were analyzed and the nanosize was confirmed by TEM micrograph. The magnetic susceptibility (χM) and hysteresis studies revealed the magnetic behavior through analysis of the change in Curie temperature (TC), saturation magnetization (Ms), effective magnetic moment (μeff), and coercivity (Hc) of these nanomaterials.

  11. Crystal growth, structure, magnetic properties and theoretical exchange interaction calculations of Cu2MnBO5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofronova, S.; Moshkina, E.; Nazarenko, I.; Seryotkin, Yu.; Nepijko, S. A.; Ksenofontov, V.; Medjanik, K.; Veligzhanin, A.; Bezmaternykh, L.

    2016-12-01

    Single crystals of ludwigite Cu2MnBO5 were synthesized by flux growth technique. The detailed structural and magnetic characterizations of the synthesized samples have been carried out. The cations composition of the studied crystal was determined using X-ray diffraction and EXAFS technique, the resulting composition differ from the content of the initial Mn2O3-CuO components of the flux. Magnetic susceptibility measurements and the calculations of the exchange integrals in frameworks of indirect coupling model revealed that monoclinic distortions strongly affect exchange interactions and appearance of magnetic ordering phase at the temperature T=93 K. The hypothesis of the existence of several magnetic subsystems was supposed.

  12. Electrical and Structural Properties Study of Layered Dielectric and Magnetic Composites and Blends Structures for RF and Microwave Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-12

    Graduação em Engenharia de Teleinformática (2012) 3- STUDY of THERMAL STABILITY of microwave Resonant frequency of (τf) of DIELETRICS and...PROPERTIES OF CERAMIC MATRIX SrBi2Nb2O9 (SBN) FOR USE IN RF AND MICROWAVE DEVICES, EMMANUELLE DE OLIVEIRA SANCHO PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ENGENHARIA ...PROPERTIES OF CERAMIC MATRIX BaBi4Ti4O15 (BBT) AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN ANTENNAS Paulo Maria de Oliveira Silva, PROGRAMA DE PÓS- GRADUAÇÃO EM ENGENHARIA

  13. Magnetic and structural properties of nano sized Dy-doped cobalt ferrite synthesized by co-precipitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karimi, Z., E-mail: Zahra_kr64@yahoo.com [Department of Materials Engineering, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 51666-16471 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadifar, Y.; Shokrollahi, H. [Electroceramics Group, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Asl, Sh. Khameneh [Department of Materials Engineering, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 51666-16471 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Yousefi, Gh. [Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Biomaterials, Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karimi, L. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-06-01

    Regarding the various applications of cobalt ferrite as a magnetic ceramic in various scientific and industrial categories, it is essential to modify and optimize its microstructural and magnetic features. Chemical composition (doped elements and their quantities) is a determining factor which has been studied in this research. For this purpose, cobalt-dysprosium ferrite ceramic nanoparticles with the chemical formula Co{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x=0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.1) were synthesized by the co-precipitation chemical method and then analyzed from the structural and magnetic perspectives. The desirable spinel phase formation was confirmed via x-ray diffractometry, and the other crystallographic parameters and cation distribution were calculated. The microscopic image of the samples showed 15 nm particles. The type and strength of the interionic bonds were determined by infrared spectroscopy. The hysteresis loop of the material was affected noticeably by doped elements as the room temperature saturation magnetization was decreased, but the residual magnetization and coercivity of ferrite were promoted by 50 and 150% after adding dysprosium, respectively. The maximum anisotropy constant, which is equal to 19.1 erg/g for undoped cobalt ferrite, was increased to 45.2 erg/g by doping 0.05 dysprosium. It is worth mentioning that introducing dopants into the lattice led to a great decrease in Curie temperature. - Highlights: • Magnetic and structural studies of Dy{sup 3+}–Co–ferrite are investigated. • Simple co-precipitation method involving less energy and low-cost is used. • The nanoparticles with high coercivity, magnetization and loop area are obtained. • The composition Co{sub 0.95}Dy{sub 0.05}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} has the maximum coercivity and high residual magnetization.

  14. Tuning the Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Randall Lee

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The tremendous interest in magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs is reflected in published research that ranges from novel methods of synthesis of unique nanoparticle shapes and composite structures to a large number of MNP characterization techniques, and finally to their use in many biomedical and nanotechnology-based applications. The knowledge gained from this vast body of research can be made more useful if we organize the associated results to correlate key magnetic properties with the parameters that influence them. Tuning these properties of MNPs will allow us to tailor nanoparticles for specific applications, thus increasing their effectiveness. The complex magnetic behavior exhibited by MNPs is governed by many factors; these factors can either improve or adversely affect the desired magnetic properties. In this report, we have outlined a matrix of parameters that can be varied to tune the magnetic properties of nanoparticles. For practical utility, this review focuses on the effect of size, shape, composition, and shell-core structure on saturation magnetization, coercivity, blocking temperature, and relaxation time.

  15. Tuning the Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolhatkar, Arati G.; Jamison, Andrew C.; Litvinov, Dmitri; Willson, Richard C.; Lee, T. Randall

    2013-01-01

    The tremendous interest in magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) is reflected in published research that ranges from novel methods of synthesis of unique nanoparticle shapes and composite structures to a large number of MNP characterization techniques, and finally to their use in many biomedical and nanotechnology-based applications. The knowledge gained from this vast body of research can be made more useful if we organize the associated results to correlate key magnetic properties with the parameters that influence them. Tuning these properties of MNPs will allow us to tailor nanoparticles for specific applications, thus increasing their effectiveness. The complex magnetic behavior exhibited by MNPs is governed by many factors; these factors can either improve or adversely affect the desired magnetic properties. In this report, we have outlined a matrix of parameters that can be varied to tune the magnetic properties of nanoparticles. For practical utility, this review focuses on the effect of size, shape, composition, and shell-core structure on saturation magnetization, coercivity, blocking temperature, and relaxation time. PMID:23912237

  16. Europium substitution effects on structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties in La0.5Ca0.5MnO3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boujelben W.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We have investigated structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of polycrystalline samples La0.5-xEuxCa0.5MnO3 (x=0 and 0.1. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns show that our samples are single phase and crystallize in the orthorhombic structure with Pnma space group. Magnetization measurements versus temperature at a magnetic applied field of 500 Oe indicate that La0.4Eu0.1Ca0.5MnO3 sample exhibits a paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition with decreasing temperature. Magnetic measurements reveal strong magnetocaloric effect in the vicinity of the Curie temperature TC. The parent compound shows a negative magnetic entropy change of ∆SM=−1.13Jkg−1K−1 at 220K and a positive magnetocaloric effects ∆SM=1Jkg−1K−1 at 150K under a magnetic applied field of 2T. La0.4Eu0.1Ca0.5MnO3 exhibits a maximum value of magnetic entropy change ∆SM=−1.15Jkg−1K−1 at 130K under an applied field of 2T and a large relative cooling power RCP with a maximum value of 72 J/kg.

  17. Anion ordering, magnetic structure and properties of the vacancy ordered perovskite Ba{sub 3}Fe{sub 3}O{sub 7}F

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clemens, Oliver, E-mail: oliver.clemens@nano.tu-darmstadt.de [Technische Universität Darmstadt, Joint Research Laboratory Nanomaterials, Jovank a-Bontschits-Straße 2, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Nanotechnologie, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); University of Birmingham, School of Chemistry, Birmingham B152TT (United Kingdom); Reitz, Christian; Witte, Ralf; Kruk, Robert [Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Nanotechnologie, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Smith, Ronald I. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Campus, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

    2016-11-15

    This article describes a detailed investigation of the crystallographic and magnetic structure of perovskite type Ba{sub 3}Fe{sub 3}O{sub 7}F by a combined analysis of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data. Complete ordering of vacancies within the perovskite lattice could be confirmed. In addition, the structure of the anion sublattice was studied by means of the valence bond method, which suggested partial ordering of the fluoride ions on two of the six crystallographically different anion sites. Moreover, the compound was found to show G-type antiferromagnetic ordering of Fe moments, in agreement with magnetometric measurements as well as previously recorded {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy data. - Graphical abstract: The vacancy and anion ordered structure of Ba{sub 3}Fe{sub 3}O{sub 7}F is described together with its magnetic properties. - Highlights: • Ba{sub 3}Fe{sub 3}O{sub 7}F possesses a unique vacancy order not found for other perovskite type compounds. • The valence bond method was used to locate oxide and fluoride ions. • Fluoride ions are distributed only on two of the six anion sites in Ba{sub 3}Fe{sub 3}O{sub 7}F. • The compound shows G-type antiferromagnetic ordering of magnetic moments. • The magnetic structure could be refined in one of the maximal magnetic subgroups of the nuclear structure.

  18. Influence of Fe-Doping on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of ZnO Nanopowders, Produced by the Method of Pulsed Electron Beam Evaporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. G. Il’ves

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The nanopowders (NPs ZnO-Zn-Fe and ZnO-Fe with the various concentrations of Fe (xFe (0≤xFe≤0.619 mass.% were prepared by the pulsed electron beam evaporation method. The influence of doping Fe on structural and magnetic properties of NPs was investigated. X-ray diffraction showed that powders contain fine-crystalline and coarse-crystalline ZnO fractions with wurtzite structure and an amorphous component. Secondary phases were not found. The magnetic measurements made at room temperature, using the vibration magnetometer and Faraday’s scales, showed ferromagnetic behavior for all powders. Magnetization growth of NPs ZnO-Zn and ZnO-Zn-Fe was detected after their short-term annealing on air at temperatures of 300–500°C. The growth of magnetization is connected with the increase in the concentration of the phase ZnO with a defective structure as the result of oxidation nanoparticles (NPles of Zn. The scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM showed a lack of Fe clusters and uniform distribution of atoms dopant in the initial powder ZnO-Zn-Fe. A lack of logical correlation between magnetization and concentration of a magnetic dopant of Fe in powders is shown.

  19. Crystal Fields and the Magnetic Properties of Praseodymium and Neodymium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Torben; Lebech, Bente; Nielsen, Mourits

    1970-01-01

    The magnetic properties of Pr and Nd single crystals have been studied by neutron-diffraction and susceptibility measurements. In contrast to earlier results on polycrystals, monocrystalline Pr is found not to be magnetically ordered, because of crystal field effects, but a magnetic field induces...... a large moment. Anisotropic effective exchange results in a large magnetic anisotropy. The complex magnetic structure of Nd is substantially modified by a magnetic field....

  20. Crystal growth, structure, magnetic properties and theoretical exchange interaction calculations of Cu{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sofronova, S. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Moshkina, E. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); M V Reshetnev Siberian State Aerospace University, 660014 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Nazarenko, I. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Seryotkin, Yu. [V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, SB RAS, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Nepijko, S.A. [Institute of Physics, University of Mainz, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Ksenofontov, V. [Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Mainz, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Medjanik, K. [Lund University, MAX IV Laboratory, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Veligzhanin, A. [National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation); Bezmaternykh, L. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation)

    2016-12-15

    Single crystals of ludwigite Cu{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5} were synthesized by flux growth technique. The detailed structural and magnetic characterizations of the synthesized samples have been carried out. The cations composition of the studied crystal was determined using X-ray diffraction and EXAFS technique, the resulting composition differ from the content of the initial Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3}–CuO components of the flux. Magnetic susceptibility measurements and the calculations of the exchange integrals in frameworks of indirect coupling model revealed that monoclinic distortions strongly affect exchange interactions and appearance of magnetic ordering phase at the temperature T=93 K. The hypothesis of the existence of several magnetic subsystems was supposed. - Highlights: • Single crystals of ludwigite Cu{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5} were synthesized. • Structural characterization was carried out by the X-ray diffraction and EXAFS technique. • Cations composition was determined by X-ray diffraction and EXAFS technique. • Cu{sub 2}MnBO{sub 5} magnetic behavior was analyzed in frameworks of indirect coupling model.

  1. Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4@Ag core-shell: structural, morphological, and magnetic properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Ghazanfari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a report on the synthesis of the Fe3O4@Ag core-shell with high saturation magnetization of magnetite nanoparticles as the core, by using polyol route and silver shell by chemical reduction. X-ray diffraction (XRD and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses confirmed that the particles so produced were monophase. The magnetic properties of the product were investigated by using a vibrating sample magnetometer. Magnetic saturation of magnetite was 91 emu/g that around about bulk magnetization. This high saturation magnetization can be attributed to the thin dead layer. By using polyethylene glycol as a surfactant to separate a