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Sample records for structural characterization luminescence

  1. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and luminescent ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 39; Issue 4. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of lanthanide-doped NaLaF 4 nanoparticles. JIGMET LADOL HEENA KHAJURIA SONIKA KHAJURIA ... Keywords. Citric acid; X-ray diffraction; down-conversion emission; energy transfer.

  2. Zinc(II) halide complexes with 2-methoxyaniline ligand: Synthesis, characterization, thermal analyses, crystal structure determination and luminescent properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amani, Vahid

    2018-03-01

    Three new mononuclear zinc(II) complexes, [Zn(2-MeO-C6H4NH2)2X2] (X is Cl in 1, Br in 2 and I in 3), were prepared from the reactions of ZnX2 with 2-methoxyaniline (2-MeO-C6H4NH2) ligand in methanol. Suitable crystals of these complexes were obtained for X-ray diffraction measurements by slow evaporation of methanol solution at room temperature. The three complexes were thoroughly characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, elemental analysis (CHNO), spectral methods (IR, UV-Vis, 13C{1H}NMR, 1H NMR and luminescence), and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The X-ray structural analysis indicated that in the structures of these complexes, the zinc(II) cation is four-coordinated in a distorted tetrahedral configuration by two N atoms from two 2-methoxyanyline ligands and two halide anions. Also, in these complexes intermolecular interactions, for example Nsbnd H⋯X hydrogen bonds (in 1-3), Csbnd H⋯X hydrogen bonds (in 3), Csbnd H⋯π interactions (in 1 and 2) and π⋯π interactions (in 3), are effective in the stabilization of the crystal structures. In addition, the luminescence spectra of all complexes in methanolic solution show that the intensity of their emission bands is stronger than that for free 2-methoxyaniline ligand.

  3. Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Up-Conversion Luminescence Properties of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs Nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giang, Lam Thi Kieu; Marciniak, Lukasz; Huy, Tran Quang; Vu, Nguyen; Le, Ngo Thi Hong; Binh, Nguyen Thanh; Lam, Tran Dai; Minh, Le Quoc

    2017-10-01

    This paper describes a facile synthesis of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+ nanoparticles embraced in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), known as NaYF4:Er3+, Yb3+@MOFs core/shell nanostructures, by using iron(III) carboxylate (MIL-100) and zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8). Morphological, structural and optical characterization of these nanostructures were investigated by field emission-scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and up-conversion luminescence measurements. Results showed that spherical-shaped NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MIL-100 nanocomposites with diameters of 150-250 nm, and rod-shaped NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@ZIF-8 nanocomposites with lengths of 300-550 nm, were successfully synthesized. Under a 980-nm laser excitation at room temperature, the NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs nanocomposites exhibited strong up-conversion luminescence with two emission bands in the green part of spectrum at 520 nm and 540 nm corresponding to the 2H11/2 → 4I15/2 and 4S3/2 → 4I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively, and a red emission band at 655 nm corresponding to the 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 transition of Er3+ ions. The above properties of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs make them promising candidates for applications in biotechnology.

  4. Mononuclear mercury(II) complexes containing bipyridine derivatives and thiocyanate ligands: Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure determination, and luminescent properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amani, Vahid; Alizadeh, Robabeh; Alavije, Hanieh Soleimani; Heydari, Samira Fadaei; Abafat, Marzieh

    2017-08-01

    A series of mercury(II) complexes, [Hg(Nsbnd N)(SCN)2] (Nsbnd N is 4,4‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine in 1, 5,5‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine in 2, 6,6‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine in 3 and 6-methyl-2,2‧-bipyridine in 4), were prepared from the reactions of Hg(SCN)2 with mentioned ligands in methanol. Suitable crystals of these complexes were obtained for X-ray diffraction measurement by methanol diffusion into a DMSO solution. The four complexes were thoroughly characterized by spectral methods (IR, UV-Vis, 13C{1H}NMR, 1H NMR and luminescence), elemental analysis (CHNS) and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The X-ray structural analysis indicated that in the structures of these complexes, the mercury(II) cation is four-coordinated in a distorted tetrahedral configuration by two S atoms from two thiocyanate anions and two N atoms from one chelating 2,2‧-bipyridine derivative ligand. Also, in these complexes intermolecular interactions, for example Csbnd H⋯N hydrogen bonds (in 1-4), Csbnd H⋯S hydrogen bonds (in 1, 2 and 4), π … π interactions (in 2-4), Hg⋯N interactions (in 2) and S⋯S interactions (in 4), are effective in the stabilization of the crystal structures and the formation of the 3D supramolecular complexes. Furthermore, the luminescence spectra of the title complexes show that the intensity of their emission bands are stronger than the emission bands for the free bipyridine derivative ligands.

  5. Preparation, characterization, and luminescence properties of dysprosium perchlorate with MABA-Si and phen or dipy complexes as well as SiO{sub 2}@Dy(MABA-Si)L core-shell structure nanometermeter luminescent composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Wen-Xian, E-mail: nmglwx@163.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021 (China); Zheng, Yu-Shan [Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Product Quality Inspection Institute, Hohhot 010010 (China); Cao, Xiao-fang; Bai, Juan; Fu, Zhi-Fang; Bao, Jin-Rong; Li, Yi-Lian [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021 (China)

    2016-10-15

    Two novel ternary rare earth complexes Dy(MABA-Si)·L{sub 2}(ClO{sub 4}){sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O (L= Phen or Dipy) were prepared using HOOCC{sub 6}H{sub 4}N(CONH(CH{sub 2}){sub 3}Si-(OCH{sub 2}CH{sub 3}){sub 3}){sub 2} which was abbreviated or denoted as MABA-Si. MABA-Si was the first ligand, L was the second ligand. The corresponding two SiO{sub 2}@Dy(MABA-Si)L nanometermeter luminescent composites were synthesized as well, and the silica spheres is the core, and the ternary rare earth complex Dy(MABA-Si)·L{sub 2}(ClO{sub 4}){sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O was the shell layer, who was abbreviated or denoted as Dy((MABA-Si)L). The ternary complexes have been characterized by element analysis, molar conductivity, IR spectra and {sup 1}HNMR spectra. The results showed that the chemical formula of the complex was Dy(MABA-Si)·L{sub 2}(ClO{sub 4}){sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O. The fluorescent spectra illustrated that the complexes displayed its characteristic luminescence in solid state, and the luminescence was superior than Dy{sup 3+}. The core-shell structure of SiO{sub 2}@Dy(MABA-Si)L nanometermeter luminescent composite was characterized by SEM, TEM and IR spectra. Based on the SEM photographs, the core-shell structure particles showed its regular microstructure including smooth surface, and good dispersity. The ternary complex coated on the mono-dispersed SiO{sub 2} spheres by self-assembly. The fluorescent spectra illustrated that the core-shell structure of SiO{sub 2}@Dy(MABA-Si)L nanometermeter luminescent composites exhibited stronger fluorescent than the ternary complexes. The fluorescence lifetime of the complexes and core-shell structure composites was measured as well.

  6. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and luminescent ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    that nanoparticles have cylindrical shape and crystalline nature of nanoparticles was confirmed by SAED patterns. Down- conversion (DC) luminescent properties of doped NaLaF4 were also .... Figure 1 shows the XRPD patterns of undoped NaLaF4 and .... which can be assigned to the transitions from the 7F6 ground.

  7. Preparation, structure and luminescent characterization of a series of metal-organic frameworks based on flexible ligands with nitrogen heterocycles and carboxyl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Hai-yu; Tang, Yu-yuan; Wang, Cui-juan; Chen, Shuang; Tong, Yan; Zhang, Zhi-Bing

    2017-12-01

    Seven new compounds, [Zn(pypymba)2]n(1), [Co(pypymba)2]n(2), [Cd(pypymba)2]n(3), [Cd(Hpypymba)Cl2]n(4), {[Cd(pypymba)Cl]·C2H5OH·H2O}n(5), [Cd(pypyaa)Cl]n(6), {[Cd2(pyznpy)2Cl2H2O]·H2O}n(7) [Hpypymba = 4-((3-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)benzoic acid, Hpyznpy = 4-((3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)benzoic acid, Hpypyaa = 2-(3-pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)acetic acid], were hydrothermally synthesized by tuning the metal ion's species, counter anions, solvents and pH values and characterized by routine methods: XRD, elemental analysis, fluorescence properties analysis, TGA and crystal structure analysis and single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The main structures of the compounds 1, 2, and 3 are extended to similar 3D structures by C-H…N, C-H…O hydrogen bonds and π…π stacking under the same synthesis method. Each Cd(II) node of compound 4 has four chlorine bridges (two pairs of double chlorine); Each Cd(II) node of compounds 5, 6 has two chlorine bridges (a pair of double chlorine bridges), while their spatial structures are expanded in different ways. Compound 7 also contains chlorine atoms, but does not contain chlorine bridged structures. The luminescent properties of compound 7 and the ones immersed in various kinds of organic compounds and nitrate@EtOH solutions have been investigated. Importantly, 7 shows highly sensitive response to nitrobenzene and Fe3+ through luminescence quenching effects, making it a promising luminescent sensor for nitrobenzene and Fe3+.

  8. Synthesis and structural characterization of luminescent inorganic materials of the type CS2NaErBr6 and CS2NaHoBr6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poblete, V.H.; Fack, G.

    2001-01-01

    The synthesis and structural characterization is described of two luminescent materials, with technological [1] and spectroscopic [2] interest, whose crystallographic charts have not been published in the literature. The synthesis of both systems: Cs 2 NaErBr 6 and CS 2 NaHoBr 6 , was done using solid state reactions in a controlled environment. The thermal analyses DTA/TGA, applied with a temperature gradient of 10 o C/min., established crystallization ranges of 490,4 o C to 545,4 o C, for the elpasolite CS 2 NaHoBr 6 and 501 o C to 556 o C, for the structure CS 2 NaErBr 6 .. The heat vacuum treatments were carried out at 505 o C and 526 o C respectively, obtaining optimum crystallization. The structural characterization was performed with powdered X-ray diffraction (XRD). The range between 12 o and 80 o (2θ), was analyzed for 3352 points, measured steps of 0.02 o (2θ using the Rietveld profile refining program. The following crystallographic parameters were established: a 0 = 11,279(1), and 11,293(4) Angstroms, for the two structures analyzed, respectively. The relationship R exp wp in both cases is highly accurate for the 32 test lines that were analyzed. The structures present cubic closed packing Cs 1+ 3 Cl 1- , with Ho 3+ and Er 3+ atoms, filling the octahedral holes. The test data obtained will be very useful for completing the mass of experimental data needed to develop the design engineering, with specific applications for luminescent devices

  9. Synthesis and structural characterization of inorganic luminescent materials of Cs2NaErBr6 and Cs2NaHoBr6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poblete, V.H; Fack, G

    2003-01-01

    The synthesis and structural characterization is described of two luminescent materials, with technological [1] and spectroscopic [2] interest, whose crystallographic charts have not been published in the literature. The synthesis of both systems: Cs 2 NaErBr 6 and CS 2 NaHoBr 6 , was done using solid state reactions in a controlled environment. The thermal analyses DTA/TGA, applied with a temperature gradient of 10 o C/min., established crystallization ranges of 490,4 o C to 545,4 o C, for the elpasolite CS 2 NaHoBr 6 and 501 o C to 556 o C, for the structure CS 2 NaErBr 6 .. The heat vacuum treatments were carried out at 505 o C and 526 o C respectively, obtaining optimum crystallization. The structural characterization was performed with powdered X-ray diffraction (XRD). The range between 12 o and 80 o (2θ), was analyzed for 3352 points, measured steps of 0.02 o (2θ using the Rietveld profile refining program. The following crystallographic parameters were established: a 0 = 11,279(1), and 11,293(4) Angstroms, for the two structures analyzed, respectively. The relationship R exp wp in both cases is highly accurate for the 32 test lines that were analyzed. The structures present cubic closed packing Cs 1+ 3 Cl 1- , with Ho 3+ and Er 3+ atoms, filling the octahedral holes. The test data obtained will be very useful for completing the mass of experimental data needed to develop the design engineering, with specific applications for luminescent devices (au)

  10. Luminescence characterization of a sodium rich feldspar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correcher, V.; Sanchez M, L.; Garcia G, J.; Rivera, T.

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports on the radioluminescence (RL) and thermoluminescence (TL) properties of a sodium rich feldspar ((Na,K)[AlSi 3 O 8 ]) with a mean molecular composition of orthoclase (Or) and albite (Ab) of Or 1 Ab 99 . Despite the complexity of the luminescence signals of the sample, it is possible to determine six different emission bands at about 300, 380, 420, 460, 550 and 680 nm. The 300 nm emission can be associated to structural defects related to the recombination process in which the Na + ion diffusion-limited is involved. The UV-blue emission band at (i) 380 nm is characteristic of mineral phases containing SiO 4 tetrahedral and could be related to intrinsic defects in the lattice, (ii) the 420 nm band could be associated to the presence of Cu (II) ions placed next to the hole traps or the recombination on a centre formed from a hole-oxygen atom adjacent to two Al atoms (Al-O-Al) and (iii) the 460 nm waveband could be due to the presence of Ti 4+ . The green and red emissions are respectively associated to the presence of Mn 2+ and Fe 3+ ions. The ratio between the relative intensities, peaked at 290 (the more intense waveband) and 550 nm is about 10:1 in both TL and RL; this fact indicates that the efficiency of recombination centres does no changes regardless on the type of the process. (Author)

  11. Luminescence and host lattice structure of crystalline micro and nanoparticles co-doped with lanthanide ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zurba, Nadia Khaled; Ferreira, Jose Maria da Fonte

    2012-01-01

    This article reports the investigation of crystalline micro and nanoparticles codoped with lanthanide ions, aiming at correlate their host lattice structure and chemical composition to the luminescence features. For this purpose, five phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, namely performed by their chromatic coordinates, radiance, luminance and PL emission spectra. This type of investigation concerning the optical characterization of luminescent crystalline micro and nanoparticles doped with lanthanide ions might be useful for scientific and practical applications, such as in light-emitting devices, luminescent paintings, ceramics, sensors, in nanoscience and nanotechnology. (author)

  12. Synthesis and characterization of bright green terbium coordination complex derived from 1,4-bis(carbonylmethyl)terephthalate: Structure and luminescence properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Mengjiao; Li, Congcong; Shu, Dengkun; Wang, Chaohua; Xi, Peng

    2018-02-01

    A photoluminescent terbium (Tb) complex involving a novel benzoic-acid compound with a unique coordinated structure, namely 1,4-bis(carbonylmethyl)terephthalate (BCMT), has been designed and synthesized. The new coordinate structure and energy-transfer mechanism between the ligand and Tb(III) ions were investigated in detail. The results demonstrated that the BCMT-Tb(III) complex shows strong fluorescence intensity (4 × 106 a.u.) and long fluorescence lifetime (1.302 ms), owing to the favorable degree of energy matching between the triplet excited level of the ligand and the resonant level of Tb(III) ions. Based on the analysis of three-dimensional luminescence spectra, the as-prepared Tb(III) complex can be effectively excited in the range of 250-310 nm, and it shows high color purity, with a bright green appearance.

  13. Bluish-White Luminescence in Rare-Earth-Free Vanadate Garnet Phosphors: Structural Characterization of LiCa3MV3O12 (M = Zn and Mg).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Takuya; Abe, Yusuke; Koizumi, Atsuya; Ueda, Tadaharu; Toda, Kenji; Sato, Mineo

    2018-01-16

    Extensive attention has been focused toward studies on inexpensive and rare-earth-free garnet-structure vanadate phosphors, which do not have a low optical absorption due to the luminescence color being easily controlled by its high composition flexibility. However, bluish emission phosphors with a high quantum efficiency have not been found until now. In this study, we successfully discovered bluish-white emitting, garnet structure-based LiCa 3 MV 3 O 12 (M = Zn and Mg) phosphors with a high quantum efficiency, and the detailed crystal structure was refined by the Rietveld analysis technique. These phosphors exhibit a broad-band emission spectra peak at 481 nm under near UV-light excitation at 341 nm, indicating no clear difference in the emission and excitation spectra. A very compact tetrahedral [VO 4 ] unit is observed in the LiCa 3 MV 3 O 12 (M = Zn and Mg) phosphors, which is not seen in other conventional garnet compounds, and generates a bluish-white emission. In addition, these phosphors exhibit high quantum efficiencies of 40.1% (M = Zn) and 44.0% (M = Mg), respectively. Therefore, these vanadate garnet phosphors can provide a new blue color source for LED devices.

  14. Synthesis, crystal structure, theoretical study and luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and Material Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, P. R. China. cChina-Australia Joint ... School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, P. R. China e-mail: ..... The title complex is luminescent.

  15. Novel lanthanide doped micro- and mesoporous solids. Characterization of ion-host-interactions, species distribution and luminescence properties using time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gessner, Andre

    2010-12-01

    In this work lanthanide-doped microporous zeolites, microporous-mesoporous hybrid materials and mesoporous silicates were investigated regarding their luminescence properties and the ion-host-interactions using time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy. Thereby, time-resolved emission spectra (TRES) provide information in the wavelength and time domain. For the analysis of the TRES a broad set of analytic methods was applied and thus a corresponding ''toolbox'' developed. Fitting of the luminescence decays was performed with a discrete number of exponentials and supported by luminescence decay times distributions. Time-resolved area normalized emission spectra (TRANES), an advancement of TRES, could be used for the determination of the number of emissive lanthanide species in porous materials for the first time. Calculation of the decay-associated spectra (DAS) allowed the correlation of spectral information with luminescence decay times and thus delivered the luminescence spectra of the different europium species. For europium(III) we could use in addition the time-dependent asymmetry ratio and spectral evolution of the 5 D 0 - 7 F 0 -transition with time to obtain further information about the distribution of the lanthanide ions in the host material. Luminescence decay times and spectra allowed conclusions on the number of OH-oscillators in and the symmetry of the first coordination sphere. For the microporous and microporous-mesoporous materials were found different lanthanide species, which were characterized by the above mentioned methods. These lanthanide species can be found on different positions in the host material. One position is located deep in the pore system. Here, lanthanide ions are hardly accessible for water and mainly coordinated by framework oxygens. This results in long luminescence decay times and distorted coordination spheres. The second position can be found near or on the outer surface or in the mesopores. Lanthanide ions located here, are

  16. Structure dependent luminescence characterization of green-yellow emitting Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors for near UV LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, J.K. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Hannah, M.E.; Piquette, A. [Central Research, OSRAM SYLVANIA, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); Hirata, G.A. [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnolgia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada Apdo, Ensenada, MX CP 22860 (Mexico); Talbot, J.B. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Mishra, K.C. [Central Research, OSRAM SYLVANIA, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); McKittrick, J., E-mail: jmckittrick@ucsd.edu [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

    2012-01-15

    This paper reports on the luminescence properties of mixtures of {alpha}- and {beta}-(Sr{sub 0.97}Eu{sub 0.03}){sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phosphors. These phosphors were prepared by 3 different synthesis techniques: a modified sol-gel/Pechini method, a co-precipitation method and a combustion method. The structural and optical properties of these phosphors were compared to those of solid state synthesized powders. The emission spectra consist of a weak broad blue band centered near 460 nm and a strong broad green-yellow band centered between 543 and 573 nm depending on the crystal structure. The green-yellow emission peak blue-shifts as the amount of {beta} phase increases and the photoluminescence emission intensity and quantum efficiency of the mixed phase powders is greater than those of predominant {alpha}-phase powders when excited between 370 and 410 nm. Thus, (Sr{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}){sub 2}SiO{sub 4} with larger proportion of the {beta} phase are more promising candidates than single {alpha}-phase powders for use as a green-yellow emitting phosphor for near UV LED applications. Finally the phosphors prepared by the sol-gel/Pechini method, which have larger amount of {beta} phase, have a higher emission intensity and quantum efficiency than those prepared by co-precipitation or combustion synthesis. - Highlights: > Mixtures of {alpha}- and {beta}-Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were prepared by 3 different synthesis methods. > Emission peak blue-shifts as the amount of {beta} phase increases. > Emission intensity and QE of the {alpha}+{beta} powders are greater than those of single {alpha} phase. > Phosphors prepared by sol-gel/Pechini have the highest emission intensity and QE.

  17. Characterization and luminescent properties of thermally annealed olivines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Colin-Garcia, Maria; Correcher, Virgilio; Garcia-Guinea, Javier; Heredia-Barbero, Alejandro; Roman-Lopez, Jesus; Ortega-Gutierrez, Fernando; Negron-Mendoza, Alicia; Ramos-Bernal, Sergio

    2013-01-01

    Olivine is an iron-magnesium solid solution silicate (Mg,Fe) 2 SiO 4 and it is probably one of the most abundant mineral phase in the Solar System, it is present in the primitive carbonaceous meteorites (i.e Allende), and in ordinary chondritic meteorite, comets or terrestrial planets. The olivine grains in those bodies have been exposed to different radiation sources like UV, electrons, cosmic radiation, etc. Here, we explore the effect of ionizing and non ionizing radiation on the luminescence emission of the two well-characterised olivine samples from Mexico and Spain by means of cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence. The analyses by X-ray dispersive energies in the scanning electron microscopy show differences between the samples in the amount of iron and magnesium and also show traces of rare elements. Olivine exhibits spectral cathodoluminescence emissions of low intensity, explained for the quenching of the luminescence of the iron, and sharp signals assigned as impurities. Cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence glow curves of the natural, and UV induced olivine samples were obtained. Our results show that thermal treatments at 1100 °C change the mineral molecular structure and the luminescence properties of this mineral phase. These results confirm an active participation of physical factors influencing the luminescent properties of olivine. -- Highlights: ► Luminescent properties of two olivines samples (Mexican and Spanish) were explored. ► EDS show different iron and magnesium content and traces of rare elements on both. ► Olivine exhibits spectral CL emissions of low intensity due to the quenching of iron. ► Treatments at 1100 °C change the mineral structure and its response to UV radiation

  18. Seismic Moment and Recurrence using Luminescence Dating Techniques: Characterizing brittle fault zone materials suitable for luminescence dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsakalos, E.; Lin, A.; Bassiakos, Y.; Kazantzaki, M.; Filippaki, E.

    2017-12-01

    During a seismic-geodynamic process, frictional heating and pressure are generated on sediments fragments resulting in deformation and alteration of minerals contained in them. The luminescence signal enclosed in minerals crystal lattice can be affected and even zeroed during such an event. This has been breakthrough in geochronological studies as it could be utilized as a chronometer for the previous seismic activity of a tectonically active area. Although the employment of luminescence dating has in some cases been successfully described, a comprehensive study outlining and defining protocols for routine luminescence dating applied to neotectonic studies has not been forthcoming. This study is the experimental investigation, recording and parameterization of the effects of tectonic phenomena on minerals luminescence signal and the development of detailed protocols for the standardization of the luminescence methodology for directly dating deformed geological formations, so that the long-term temporal behaviour of seismically active faults could be reasonably understood and modeled. This will be achieved by: a) identifying and proposing brittle fault zone materials suitable for luminescence dating using petrological, mineralogical and chemical analyses and b) investigating the "zeroing" potential of the luminescence signal of minerals contained in fault zone materials by employing experimental simulations of tectonic processes in the laboratory, combined with luminescence measurements on samples collected from real fault zones. For this to be achieved, a number of samples collected from four faults of four different geographical regions will be used. This preliminary-first step of the study presents the microstructural, and mineralogical analyses for the characterization of brittle fault zone materials that contain suitable minerals for luminescence dating (e.g., quartz and feldspar). The results showed that the collected samples are seismically deformed fault

  19. Preparation, characterization and luminescent properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 51667, Iran ... New compounds of rare earth complex oxides with perovskite structure in a combination of La with .... organic constituents the powder was calcined in a furnace.

  20. Characterization and luminescent properties of Eu3+ doped Gd2Zr2O7 nanopowders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rabasovic, M.S.; Sevic, D.; Krizan, J.; Terzic, M.; Mozina, J.; Marinkovic, B.P.; Savic-Sevic, S.; Mitric, M.; Rabasovic, M.D.; Romcevic, N.

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Nanopowders Gd 2 Zr 2 O 7 doped by europium ions (Eu 3+ ) have been synthesized. • Their luminescence properties have been measured at room temperature. • The temporal evolution of laser induced phenomena are presented using time-resolved technique. • Lifetime analysis for luminescence bands in emission spectra has been done. - Abstract: Nanopowders based on gadolinium zirconium oxide (Gd 2 Zr 2 O 7 ) doped by europium ions (Eu 3+ ) were successfully prepared using a flame combustion method. This material is suitable for various optical devices. The structure of prepared materials has been confirmed and characterized using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and photoluminescence (PL) techniques. The luminescence properties of synthesized nanopowders were characterized by emission spectra and luminescence lifetimes by using the streak camera system. PL spectra were obtained at three different excitation wavelengths (Optical Parametric Oscilator (OPO) at 360 nm, laser diode at 365 nm and Ar laser line at 514.5 nm). The strong emission lines at 611 nm and 630 nm corresponding to the 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 long lived transition could be used as a new red light source in optical devices

  1. Synthesis and characterization of luminescence magnetic nanocomposite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiplagat, Ayabei [DST/Mintek Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Department of Chemistry, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville (South Africa); Onani, Martin O., E-mail: monani@uwc.ac.za [DST/Mintek Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Department of Chemistry, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville (South Africa); Meyer, Mervin [DST/Mintek Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Department of Biotechnology, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville (South Africa); Akenga, Teresa A. [Department of Chemistry, University of Eldoret, P.O. Box 1125, Eldoret (Kenya); Dejene, Francis B. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, QwaQwa Campus, Private Bag X13, Phuthadithaba 9866 (South Africa)

    2016-01-01

    We report a new type of indium based quantum dots which were conjugated to the magnetic Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles. They were characterized by photoluminescence (PL), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and fourier transform infra-red (FTIR). The photoluminescence characteristics of the coupled and uncoupled indium based quantum dots were investigated to determine whether the fluorescing property could be retained in the bifunctional system. Generally, the PL intensity of the quantum dots was observed to reduce significantly and with huge red shift most probably due to quenching effects for the MNPs. The average size of the coupled nanoparticles were found to range between 4 and 5 nm for the quantum dots and range of 6–13 nm for the Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} magnetic nanoparticles as revealed by both HRTEM and XRD. The highest magnetic saturation reached for both bare and functionalized magnetic nanoparticles was 68.58 emu/g. The FTIR data revealed that the postulated functional groups were actually present in both the bare and functionalized nanoparticles. For instance, Fe–O was observed at around 580 cm{sup −1}, O–H at 3432 cm{sup −1} and thiol group at 2929 cm{sup −1} for meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid capped Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} magnetic nanoparticles. The energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) also confirmed that all the elements of the nanocomposite were actually present in the designed material.

  2. Preparations and Characterizations of Luminescent Two Dimensional Organic-inorganic Perovskite Semiconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjun Zhang

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the synthesis, structural and optical characterizations of some novel luminescent two dimensional organic-inorganic perovskite (2DOIP semiconductors. These 2DOIP semiconductors show a self-assembled nano-layered structure, having the electronic structure of multi-quantum wells. 2DOIP thin layers and nanoparticles have been prepared through different methods. The structures of the 2DOIP semiconductors are characterized by atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The optical properties of theb DOIP semiconductors are characterized from absorption and photoluminescence spectra measured at room and low temperatures. Influences of different components, in particular the organic parts, on the structural and optical properties of the 2DOIP semiconductors are discussed.

  3. Tb{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+}: YF{sub 3} nanophase embedded glass ceramics: Structural characterization, tunable luminescence and temperature sensing behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Daqin, E-mail: dqchen@hdu.edu.cn [College of Materials & Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, 310018 (China); Wang, Zhongyi; Zhou, Yang [College of Materials & Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, 310018 (China); Huang, Ping, E-mail: phuang@fjirsm.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on The Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Ji, Zhenguo, E-mail: jizg@hdu.edu.cn [College of Materials & Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, 310018 (China)

    2015-10-15

    Tb{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} co-doped transparent bulk glass ceramics containing orthorhombic β-YF{sub 3} nanocrystals were successfully synthesized by melt-quenching and subsequent heating. The partition of the active centers into the YF{sub 3} crystalline lattice was confirmed by elemental mapping in the scanning transmission electron microscope, emission spectra and decay curves. As a consequence, Tb{sup 3+} → Eu{sup 3+} energy transfer was demonstrated to be more efficient in the glass ceramic than in the precursor glass, which resulted in color tunable luminescence by simply modifying Eu{sup 3+} content and induced the linearly temperature-dependent fluorescence intensity ratio between the Tb{sup 3+}: {sup 5}D{sub 4} → {sup 7}F{sub 5} transition and the Eu{sup 3+}: {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 4} one in the Tb{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} co-doped glass ceramic. It is expected that the investigated glass ceramic might be a promising candidate for solid-state lighting as well as optical temperature sensor. - Highlights: • Lanthanide doped glass ceramics containing YF{sub 3} nanocrystals were fabricated. • Tb{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} dopants were confirmed to incorporate into YF{sub 3} lattice. • Tunable luminescence was realized via Tb{sup 3+} → Eu{sup 3+} energy transfer. • Linearly temperature-dependent fluorescence intensity ratio was detected.

  4. Synthesis and characterization of substituted Schiff-base ligands and their d(10) metal complexes: structure-induced luminescence tuning behaviors and applications in co-sensitized solar cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yu-Wei; Fan, Rui-Qing; Wang, Ping; Wei, Li-Guo; Wang, Xin-Ming; Zhang, Hui-Jie; Gao, Song; Yang, Yu-Lin; Wang, Yu-Lei

    2015-03-28

    Nine IIB group complexes, [ZnL1Cl2] (Zn1), [CdL1Cl2]2 (Cd1), [HgL1Cl2] (Hg1), [ZnL2Cl2] (Zn2), [CdL2Cl2] (Cd2), [HgL2Cl2] (Hg2), [ZnL3Cl2] (Zn3), [CdL3Cl2] (Cd3) and [HgL3Cl2] (Hg3), have been synthesized from the corresponding ortho-(6-methoxy-pyridyl)(CH[double bond, length as m-dash]NAr) (where Ar = 2,6-iPr2C6H3, L1; 4-MeC6H4, L2; 2-OMeC6H4, L3) Schiff base and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR and X-ray single-crystal analysis. Crystallographic studies reveal that the center metal of the complexes adopts a distorted tetrahedron geometry (except for Cd1 and Cd3, which display square pyramidal geometry) and C-HCl hydrogen bonds and ππ stacking interactions contribute to three-dimensional supramolecular structures. The series of complexes exhibit tunable luminescence from blue, through green, to light yellow by varying the temperature (298 K and 77 K), both in solution and in the solid state. Moreover, the quantum yields range from 0.027 to 0.422, and decrease according to the order of the periodic table (Zn > Cd > Hg). These results indicate that the center atom of the complexes leads to the geometry differences and hence to the tunable luminescence properties. Because Zn1-Zn3 exhibited higher molar extinction coefficients and a distinct absorption region, they were employed as co-sensitizers in ruthenium dye N719-sensitized photoanodes to deliver light-electricity efficiency enhancement, being assembled with counter-electrodes and electrolyte to prepare ZnX/N719 (where ZnX = Zn1, Zn2, and Zn3) co-sensitized dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) devices. The prepared co-absorbent could overcome the deficiency of N719 absorption in the low-wavelength region of the visible spectrum, and offset competitive visible-light absorption of I3(-). Application of these prepared complexes in N719-sensitized solar cells enhanced their performance by 10-36%, which indicated a potential application of these types of complexes in DSSCs.

  5. Coordination-organometallic hybrid materials based on the trinuclear M(II)-Ru(II) (M=Ni and Zn) complexes: Synthesis, structural characterization, luminescence and electrochemical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawal, S. B.; Lolage, S. R.; Chavan, S. S.

    2018-02-01

    A new series of trinuclear complexes of the type Ni[R-C6H4Ndbnd CH(O)C6H3Ctbnd CRu(dppe)2Cl]2 (1a-c) and Zn[Rsbnd C6H4Ndbnd CH(O)C6H3Ctbnd CRu(dppe)2Cl]2 (2a-c) have been prepared from the reaction of trans-[RuCl(dppe)2Ctbnd Csbnd C6H3(OH)(CHO)] (1) with aniline, 4-nitroaniline and 4-methoxyaniline (R1-3) in presence of nickel acetate and zinc acetate in CH2Cl2/MeOH (1:1) mixture. The structural properties of the complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses and spectroscopic techniques viz. FTIR, UV-Visible, 1H NMR and 31P NMR spectral studies. The crystal structure and morphology of the hybrid complexes was investigated with the help of X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The thermal properties of 1a-c and 2a-c were studied by thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. The electrochemical behaviour of the complexes reveals that all complexes displayed a quasireversible redox behaviour corresponding to Ru(II)/Ru(III) and Ni(II)/Ni(III) couples for 1a-c and only Ru(II)/Ru(III) couple for 2a-c. All complexes are emissive in solution at room temperature revealing the influence of substituents and solvent polarity on emission properties of the complexes.

  6. Luminescence and structural study of porous silicon films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Y. H.; Wilson, W. L.; Ross, F. M.; Mucha, J. A.; Fitzgerald, E. A.; Macaulay, J. M.; Harris, T. D.

    1992-03-01

    A combination of photoluminescence, TEM, and Fourier transform IR spectroscopy is used to investigate the luminescence properties of 3-micron thick, strongly emitting, and highly porous silicon films. TEMs indicate that these samples have structures of predominantly 6-7-nm size clusters. In the as-prepared films, there is a significant concentration of Si-H bonds which is gradually replaced by Si-O bonds during prolonged aging in air. Upon optical excitation these films exhibit strong visible emission, peaking at about 690 nm. The excitation edge is shown to be emission-wavelength dependent, revealing the inhomogeneous nature of both the initially photoexcited and luminescing species. The correlation of the spectral and structural information suggest that the source of the large blue shift of the visible emission compared to the bulk Si bandgap energy is due to quantum confinement in the nanometer-size Si clusters.

  7. Optical characterization of luminescent silicon nanocrystals embedded in glass matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Debieu, Olivier

    2008-12-16

    properties of embedded nc-Si. Proceeding to Ge implantation, we are convinced to synthesize for the first time luminescent alloy nc-Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x} with this technique. Taking into account this result, one can reasonably put forward the assumption that not only pure nc-Si can exhibit PL. Chapter 4 deals with the optical and structural properties of free O-passivated nc-Si and nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} systems synthesized by laser pyrolysis of silane and ion implantation, respectively. We were particularly interested in the formation nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} systems and their PL properties, the purpose of which is to obtain efficient luminescent samples into which additional atomic elements will be incorporated. In the last chapter, we focus on the effect of the incorporation of additional atomic elements into our nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} systems on their optical properties. Motivated by the desire to synthesize luminescent alloy nc-Si{sub 1} {sub -x}Ge{sub x}, we also applied our incorporation procedure to Ge.

  8. Synthesis and characterization of hafnium oxide for luminescent applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guzman Mendoza, J.; Aguilar Frutis, M.A.; Flores, G. Alarcon; Garcia Hipolito, M.; Azorin Nieto, J.; Rivera Montalvo, T.; Falcony, C.

    2008-01-01

    Full text: Hafnium oxide (HfO 2 ) is a material with a wide range of possible technological applications because it's chemical and physical properties such as high melting point, high chemical stability, high refraction index, high dielectric constant and hardness near to diamond in the tetragonal phase. The large energy gap and low phonon frequencies of the HfO 2 makes it appropriate as a host matrix for been doped with rare earth activators. Efficient luminescent materials find wide application in electroluminescent flat panel displays; color plasma displays panels, scintillators, cathode ray tubes, fluorescent lamps, lasers, etc. In recent years the study of luminescent materials based on HfO 2 has been intensified. Some groups have studied the optical properties of doped and undoped HfO 2 . In this contribution, Hafnium Oxide (HfO 2 ) films were prepared using the spray pyrolysis deposition technique. The material was synthesized using chlorides as raw materials in deionised water as solvent and deposited on Corning glass substrates at temperatures from 300 deg C to 600 deg C. For substrate temperatures lower than 400 deg C, the deposited films are amorphous, while for substrate temperatures higher than 450 deg C, the monoclinic phase of HfO 2 appears. Scanning electron microscopy with microprobe analysis was use to observe the microstructure and obtain the chemical composition of the films; rough surfaces with spherical particles were appreciated. UV and low energy X Ray radiations were used in order to achieve the thermoluminescent characterization of the films as a function of the deposition temperature

  9. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence property ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The design and construction of ... dination polymers. It is difficult to design coordination .... The first endotherm at about 180 ... graphic data for coordination polymer 1. ... Sheldrick G M 1997 SHELXS-97: Program for solution of crystal structures ...

  10. Ultrafine luminescent structures through nanoparticle self-assembly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prabhakaran, K; Goetzinger, S; Shafi, K V P M; Mazzei, A; Schietinger, S; Benson, O

    2006-01-01

    We report the fabrication of ultrafine structures consisting of regular arrays of nanoemitters through the self-assembly of luminescent nanoparticles on a silicon wafer. Nanoparticles of yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) doped with Eu 3+ ions were synthesized by a sonochemical technique. These particles, suspended in ethanol, are introduced onto a pre-patterned silicon wafer, covered with a thin oxide layer. On annealing the sample in an ultrahigh-vacuum chamber, the nanoparticles self-assemble along the pattern. We demonstrate this 'chemical lithography' by assembling the nanoparticles along a variety of patterns. We believe that such self-organized nanopatterning of functional structures is important for the realization of nanodevices

  11. Synthesis, structural characterization, luminescent properties and theoretical study of three novel lanthanide metal-organic frameworks of Ho(III), Gd(III) and Eu(III) with 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylate anion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, Lippy F. [Instituto de Química, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20550-013 (Brazil); Correa, Charlane C. [Departamento de Química-ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora-MG, 36036-330 (Brazil); Ribeiro, Sidney J.L.; Santos, Molíria V. dos [Institute of Chemistry, São Paulo State University − UNESP, CP 355 Araraquara-SP 14801-970 Brazil (Brazil); Dutra, José Diogo L.; Freire, Ricardo O. [Pople Computational Chemistry Laboratory, Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão-SE 49100-000 (Brazil); Machado, Flávia C., E-mail: flavia.machado@ufjf.edu.br [Departamento de Química-ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora-MG, 36036-330 (Brazil)

    2015-07-15

    In this paper, the synthesis of three new metal-organic frameworks of lanthanides (LnMOFs) ([Ln{sub 2}(2,5-tdc){sub 3}(dmso){sub 2}]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (Ln=Ho (1); Gd (2); Eu (3); 2,5-tdc=2,5-thiophenedicarboxylate anion; dmso=dimethylsulfoxide), and their complete characterization, including single crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis are reported. In especial, photophysical properties of Eu(III) complex have been studied in detail via both theoretical and experimental approaches. Crystal structure of (1) reveals that each lanthanide ion is seven-coordinated by oxygen atoms in an overall distorted capped trigonal – prismatic geometry. The 2,5-tdc{sup 2−} ligands connect four Ln(III) centers, adopting (κ{sup 1}–κ{sup 1})–(κ{sup 1}–κ{sup 1})–μ{sub 4} coordination mode, generating an 8-connected uninodal 3D network. In addition, theoretical studies for Eu(III) complex were performed using the Sparkle model for lanthanide complexes. - Graphical abstract: Three new metal-organic frameworks of lanthanides (LnMOFs) ([Ln{sub 2}(2,5-tdc){sub 3}(dmso){sub 2}]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (Ln=Ho (1); Gd (2); Eu (3); 2,5-tdc=2,5-thiophenedicarboxylate anion; dmso=dimethylsulfoxide), were synthesized and their complete characterization, including single crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis are reported. In especial, photophysical properties of Eu(III) complex have been studied in detail via both theoretical and experimental approaches. - Highlights: • Three new LnMOFs were synthesized and fully characterized. • Ho{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} complexes photoluminescence properties were investigated. • Theoretical approaches for Eu{sup 3+} complex luminescence has been performed. • An energy level diagram is used to establish the ligand-to-metal energy transfer. • These metal−organic frameworks can act as light conversion molecular devices.

  12. Assembly and luminescence properties of lanthanide-polyoxometalates/polyethyleneimine/SiO{sub 2} particles with core–shell structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Jun, E-mail: junwang924@yahoo.com.cn; Fan, Shaohua; Zhao, Weiqian; Zhang, Hongyan

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, two lanthanide-polyoxometalate (LnW{sub 10}) complexes were bonded on the surface of the polyethyleneimine (PEI)-modified silica nanoparticles with different sizes, resulting in the formation of LnW{sub 10}/PEI/SiO{sub 2} particles. The hybrid core–shell particles were characterized by infrared, luminescent spectra, scanning electronic microscope, and transmission electronic microscope. The particles obtained exhibit the fine spherical core–shell structure and the excellent luminescence properties. The luminescence spectra studies revealed that the formation of LnW{sub 10}/PEI/SiO{sub 2} particles and the size of particle have an influence on the luminescence properties of lanthanide ions. - Highlights: ► SiO{sub 2}/polyethyleneimine (PEI) shows the chemisorption for Ln-polyoxometalates (LnW{sub 10}). ► The core-shell LnW{sub 10}/PEI/SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles with different sizes were fabricated. ► The hybrid particles exhibit the excellent luminescence properties. ► The sizes of particles affect the luminescence properties of lanthanide ions.

  13. Preparation, characterization and luminescence of nanocrystalline Y2O3:Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biljan, Tomislav; Gajovic, Andreja; Meic, Zlatko; Mestrovic, Ernest

    2007-01-01

    Nanocrystalline Y 2 O 3 :Ho was synthesized by solution combustion method with ethylene glycol as fuel. Material was characterized using powder X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). X-ray diffraction and TEM showed that the material is nanostructured. Luminescence properties were studied using Raman spectrometers with excitation in near infrared (NIR) and visible regions. The visible and NIR luminescence spectra of nanocrystalline Y 2 O 3 :Ho show some important differences from those of bulk material. The convenience of using Raman instruments for studying luminescence of lanthanide ions is demonstrated

  14. Structural and Luminescent Characterization of Uraniferous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    68

    information about the oxidation state and form of uranium in this region. ...... equation where A1 and A2 are pre-exponential factors and τ1 and τ2 stands for the lifetime of ..... Uranium, thorium and radium content in phosphate rocks and their.

  15. structural and luminescence characterization of lithium ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bulus et al.

    1Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, ... Rare earth doped glasses have been a great deal of research ... optical industry. ... bubble-free molten was poured on a stainless steel plate in.

  16. Temperature and Pressure Sensors Based on Spin-Allowed Broadband Luminescence of Doped Orthorhombic Perovskite Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldridge, Jeffrey I. (Inventor); Chambers, Matthew D. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    Systems and methods that are capable of measuring pressure or temperature based on luminescence are discussed herein. These systems and methods are based on spin-allowed broadband luminescence of sensors with orthorhombic perovskite structures of rare earth aluminates doped with chromium or similar transition metals, such as chromium-doped gadolinium aluminate. Luminescence from these sensors can be measured to determine at least one of temperature or pressure, based on either the intense luminescence of these sensors, even at high temperatures, or low temperature techniques discussed herein.

  17. Characterization of UV written waveguides with luminescence microscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svalgaard, Mikael; Harpøth, Anders; Rosbirk, Tue

    2005-01-01

    Luminescence microscopy is used to measure the refractive index profile and molecular defect distribution of UV written waveguides with a spatial resolution of ~0.4 mm and high signal-to-noise ratio. The measurements reveal comlex waveguide formation dynamics with significant topological changes...... in the core profile. In addition, it is observed that thewaveguide formation process requires several milliseconds of UV exposure before starting....

  18. Highly Luminescent, Water-Soluble Lanthanide Fluorobenzoates: Syntheses, Structures and Photophysics, Part I: Lanthanide Pentafluorobenzoates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyakina, Alena S; Utochnikova, Valentina V; Bushmarinov, Ivan S; Ananyev, Ivan V; Eremenko, Igor L; Volz, Daniel; Rönicke, Franziska; Schepers, Ute; Van Deun, Rik; Trigub, Alexander L; Zubavichus, Yan V; Kuzmina, Natalia P; Bräse, Stefan

    2015-12-01

    Highly luminescent, photostable, and soluble lanthanide pentafluorobenzoates have been synthesized and thoroughly characterized, with a focus on Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes as visible emitters and Nd(III) , Er(III) , and Yb(III) complexes as infrared emitters. Investigation of the crystal structures of the complexes in powder form and as single crystals by using X-ray diffraction revealed five different structural types, including monomeric, dimeric, and polymeric. The local structure in different solutions was studied by using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) of terbium and europium complexes were 39 and 15 %, respectively; the latter value was increased almost twice by using the heterometallic complex [Tb0.5 Eu0.5 (pfb)3 (H2 O)] (Hpfb=pentafluorobenzoic acid). Due to the effectively utilized sensitization strategy (pfb)(-) →Tb→Eu, a pure europium luminescence with a PLQY of 29 % was achieved. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  19. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of phosphates A1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    rule and the localization of this cation in the structure, which is in agreement with the structural characterization. It appears that europium ... 1. Introduction. Atom isomorphism in complex crystalline compounds with ..... isotropic approx- imation of basis atom positions in the structures of phosphates Na0.7Eu0.1Zr2(PO4)3 and.

  20. A novel 3D nanoarchitecture of PrVO4 phosphor: Selective synthesis, characterization, and luminescence behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thirumalai, J.; Chandramohan, R.; Vijayan, T.A.

    2011-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Nanostructures of tetragonal PrVO 4 with novel 3D hierarchical architectures self-assembled nanorods were successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method in ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) mediated processes are ideal functional components for next generation luminescent devices. Research highlights: → Synthesis of self-assembled 3D nanoarchitecture of PrVO 4 phosphor. → Using template-free hydrothermal method. → pH, temperature and capping molecules control morphology of the products. → Detailed structural, morphology and luminescence were studied. - Abstract: Nanostructures of tetragonal PrVO 4 with novel 3D hierarchical architectures self-assembled nanorods were successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method in ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) mediated processes. Comprehensive structural, morphological studies like X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy were employed to characterize the as-obtained products. In the hydrothermal process, EDTA not only acts as a chelating reagent to facilitate the formation of PrVO 4 , but also acts as a surface capping agent to adhere to the newly created surface and to promote the crystal splitting. The formation mechanisms of nanorods to hierarchical architectures were proposed on the basis of a series of surfactant and time-dependent experiments. Photoluminescence (PL) studies of PrVO 4 showed strong red emission upon UV illumination, and this implied potential application in the luminescent field. A possible growth mechanism of the sheaf-like PrVO 4 hierarchical nanocrystals is proposed and discussed.

  1. Synthesis, Structure, and Luminescent Properties of Europium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Nanocrystalline Powders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ciobanu, C.S.; Iconaru, S.L.; Predoi, D.; Massuyeau, F.; Constantin, L.V.; Costescu, A.

    2012-01-01

    The luminescent europium-doped hydroxyapatite (Eu:HAp, Ca 10-x Eu x (PO 4 ) 6 (OH) 2 ) with 0>x>0.2 nanocrystalline powders was synthesized by coprecipitation. The structural, morphological, and textural properties were well characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The vibrational studies were performed by Fourier transform infrared, Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopies. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that hydroxyapatite is the unique crystalline constituent of all the samples, indicating that Eu has been successfully inserted into the HAp lattice. Eu doping inhibits HAp crystallization, leading to a decrease of the average crystallite size from around 20 nm in the undoped sample to around 7 nm in the sample with the highest Eu concentration. Furthermore, the samples show the characteristic 5 D 0 → 7 F 0 transition observed at 578 nm related to Eu 3+ ions distributed on Ca 2+ sites of the apatitic structure

  2. Characterization of Nanostructured Semiconductors by Ultrafast Luminescence Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Jolie

    Single nanostructures are predicted to be the building blocks of next generation devices and have already been incorporated into prototypes for solar cells, biomedical devices and lasers. Their role in such applications requires a fundamental understanding of their opto-electronic properties and in particular the charge carrier dynamics occurring on an ultrafast timescale. Luminescence detection is a common approach used to investigate electronic properties of nanostructures because of the contact-less nature of these methods. They are, however, often not equipped to efficiently measure multiple single nanostructures nor do they have the temporal resolution necessary for observing femtosecond dynamics. This dissertation intends to address this paucity of techniques available for the contact-less measurement of single nanostructures through the development of an ultrafast wide-field Kerr-gated microscope system and measurement technique. The setup, operational in both the steady state and transient mode and capable of microscopic and spectroscopic measurements, was developed to measure the transient luminescence of single semiconductor nanostructures. With sub micron spatial resolution and the potential to achieve a temporal resolution greater than 90 fs, the system was used to probe the charge carrier dynamics at multiple discrete locations on single nanowires exhibiting amplified spontaneous emission. Using a rate model for amplified spontaneous emission, the transient emission data was fitted to extract the values of the competing Shockley-Read-Hall, non-geminate and Auger recombination constants. The capabilities of the setup were first demonstrated in the visible detection range, where single nanowires of the ternary alloy CdS x Se1-x were measured. The temporal emission dynamics at two separate locations were compared and calculation of the Langevin mobility revealed that the large carrier densities generated in the nanowire allows access to non

  3. Preparation of Ca0.5Zr2(PO4)3 and Ca0.45Eu0.05Zr2(PO4)3 nanopowders: structural characterization and luminescence emission study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alcaraz, L; Isasi, J; Díaz-Guerra, C; Peiteado, M; Caballero, A C

    2016-01-01

    Ca 0.5 Zr 2 (PO 4 ) 3 and Ca 0.45 Eu 0.05 Zr 2 (PO 4 ) 3 nanophosphors have been synthesized by a sol–gel process under acid and basic conditions. In order to achieve the reduction of Eu 3+ to Eu 2+ , europium-doped samples were treated in a reducing atmosphere flow. The effects of the different synthesis conditions and the partial substitution of calcium by europium ions on the structure of the samples were analyzed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Luminescence and magnetic properties were investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements. XRD patterns can be indexed to a rhombohedral symmetry of space group R-3 with Z  =  6, consistent with a NASICON-type structure. A higher crystallinity was found in the samples prepared under basic conditions. TEM images of all the synthesized samples show spherically shaped particles. A broadening of the Raman bands as a result of non-equivalent vibrations of the orthophosphate groups is observed for samples prepared under acid conditions. The same effect was found when calcium is substituted by europium into the Ca 0.5 Zr 2 (PO 4 ) 3 host. PL spectra exhibit strong emission in the blue-green spectral range due to Eu 2+ 4f 6 5d 1 -4f 7 transitions and no evidence of Eu 3+ emission. Magnetic measurements confirm the 2+  oxidation state of europium ions in all samples. (paper)

  4. Patterned dye structures limit reabsorption in luminescent solar concentrators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tsoi, S.; Broer, D.J.; Bastiaansen, C.W.M.; Debije, M.G.

    2010-01-01

    This work describes a method for limiting internal losses of a luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) due to reabsorption through patterning the fluorescent dye doped coating of the LSC. By engineering the dye coating into regular line patterns with fill factors ranging from 20 - 80%, the surface

  5. Investigation of electro-optical properties for electrochemical luminescence device with a new electrode structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ok, Jung-Woo; Pooyodying, Pattarapon; Anuntahirunrat, Jirapat; Sung, Youl-Moon

    2018-04-01

    In this paper, we investigate electrochemical luminescent (ECL) device with a new structure and the ECL cell device with proposed electrode configuration works reliably at AC voltage. In particular, the conventional ECL cell has counter electrodes in which a cathode and an anode are opposed to each other, whereas the proposed structure has parallel electrodes in which a cathode and an anode are arranged on a single substrate. The proposed electrode configuration has a structural feature that electric short-circuiting is less likely to occur during bending than the conventional electrode configuration. The electro-optical characteristics of the new electrode configuration such as the current density, the light emission intensity, and the time evolution of the emission are investigated. The proposed ECL device exhibited higher light emitting efficiency than the conventional structure. Especially, at AC operation mode, the new structure showed the distinctive luminescence characteristic which is combined the first luminescence near the surface of electrode with the delayed second luminescence near the center of between electrodes. It was closely related to the behavior of luminescent particles. The proposed the ECL cell structure is expected to be utilized as a flexible display device by taking advantage of its characteristics and practicality.

  6. Comparative study of the luminescence of structures with Ge nanocrystals formed by dry and wet oxidation of SiGe films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    RodrIguez, A; Ortiz, M I; Sangrador, J; RodrIguez, T; Avella, M; Prieto, A C; Torres, A; Jimenez, J; Kling, A; Ballesteros, C

    2007-01-01

    The luminescence emission of structures containing Ge nanocrystals embedded in a dielectric matrix obtained by dry and wet oxidation of polycrystalline SiGe layers has been studied as a function of the oxidation time and initial SiGe layer thickness. A clear relationship between the intensity of the luminescence, the structure of the sample, the formation of Ge nanocrystals and the oxidation process parameters that allows us to select the appropriate process conditions to get the most efficient emission has been established. The evolution of the composition and thickness of the growing oxides and the remaining SiGe layer during the oxidation processes has been characterized using Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy. For dry oxidation, the luminescence appears suddenly, regardless of the initial SiGe layer thickness, when all the Si of the SiGe has been oxidized and the remaining layer of the segregated Ge starts to be oxidized forming Ge nanocrystals. Luminescence is observed as long as Ge nanocrystals are present. For wet oxidation, the luminescence appears from the first stages of the oxidation, and is related to the formation of Ge-rich nanoclusters trapped in the mixed (Si and Ge) growing oxide. A sharp increase of the luminescence intensity for long oxidation times is also observed, due to the formation of Ge nanocrystals by the oxidation of the layer of segregated Ge. For both processes the luminescence is quenched when the oxidation time is long enough to cause the full oxidation of the Ge nanocrystals. The intensity of the luminescence in the dry oxidized samples is about ten times higher than in the wet oxidized ones for equal initial thickness of the SiGe layer

  7. Structural, electrical and luminescent characteristics of ultraviolet light emitting structures grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Y. Polyakov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Electrical and luminescent properties of near-UV light emitting diode structures (LEDs prepared by hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE were studied. Variations in photoluminescence and electroluminescence efficiency observed for LEDs grown under nominally similar conditions could be attributed to the difference in the structural quality (dislocation density, density of dislocations agglomerates of the GaN active layers, to the difference in strain relaxation achieved by growth of AlGaN/AlGaN superlattice and to the presence of current leakage channels in current confining AlGaN layers of the double heterostructure.

  8. Synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of lanthanide complexes with an unsymmetrical tripodal ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan Zhenzhong [State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Tang Yu [State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)], E-mail: tangyu@lzu.edu.cn; Liu Weisheng; Tan Minyu [State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2008-09-15

    Solid complexes of lanthanide nitrates with a new unsymmetrical tripodal ligand, bis[(2'-benzylaminoformyl)phenoxyl)ethyl](ethyl)amine (L) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra and molar conductivity measurements. At the same time, the luminescent properties of the Sm(III), Eu(III), Tb(III) and Dy(III) nitrate complexes in solid state were also investigated. Under the excitation of UV light, these complexes exhibited characteristic emission of central metal ions.

  9. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence properties of lanthanide coordination polymers with a new semirigid bridging thenylsalicylamide ligand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song, Xue-Qin; Wang, Li; Zhao, Meng-Meng; Wang, Xiao-Run; Peng, Yun-Qiao; Cheng, Guo-Quan

    2013-01-01

    Two new lanthanide coordination polymers based on a semirigid bridging thenylsalicylamide ligand ([Ln 2 L 3 (NO 3 ) 6 ]·(C 4 H 8 O 2 ) 2 ) ∞ were obtained and characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, IR and TGA measurements. The two compounds are isostructure and possess one dimensional trapezoid ladder-like chain built up from the connection of isolated LnO 3 (NO 3 ) 3 polyhedra (distorted monocapped antisquare prism) through the ligand. The photoluminescence analysis suggest that there is an efficient ligand-to-Ln(III) energy transfer in Tb(III) complex and the ligand is an efficient “antenna” for Tb(III). From a more general perspective, the results demonstrated herein provide the possibility of controlling the formation of the desired lanthanide coordination structure to enrich the crystal engineering strategy and enlarge the arsenal for developing excellent luminescent lanthanide coordination polymers. - Graphical abstract: We present herein one dimensional lanthanide coordination polymers of a new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand which not only display interesting structures but also possess strong luminescence properties. Display Omitted - Highlights: • We present lanthanide coordination polymers of a new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand. • The lanthanide coordination polymers exhibit interesting structures. • The luminescent properties of Tb(III) complexes are discussed in detail

  10. Luminescent and structural properties of Zn_xMg_1_-_xWO_4 mixed crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krutyak, N.; Nagirnyi, V.; Spassky, D.; Tupitsyna, I.; Dubovik, A.; Belsky, A.

    2016-01-01

    The structural and luminescent properties of perspective scintillating Zn_xMg_1_-_xWO_4 mixed crystals were studied. The following characteristics were found to depend linearly on x value: the energy of several vibrational modes detected by Raman spectroscopy, the bandgap width deduced from the shift of the excitation spectrum onset of a self-trapped exciton (STE) emission, the position of thermally stimulated luminescence peaks. It is also shown that the thermal stability of the STE luminescence decreases gradually when x decreases. These data indicate that each Zn_xMg_1_-_xWO_4 mixed crystal is not a mixture of two constituents, but possesses its original crystalline structure, as well as optical and luminescent properties. - Highlights: • The structural and luminescent properties of Zn_xMg_1_-_xWO_4 were studied. • The energy of Raman modes, the bandgap width, TSL peak position linearly depend on x. • Each Zn_xMg_1_-_xWO_4 possesses its original crystalline structure.

  11. Crystal structure and luminescence of complexes of Eu(III) and Tb(III) with furan-2,5-dicarboxylate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Akerboom, S.; Fu, W.T.; Lutz, M.; Bouwman, E.

    2012-01-01

    Four new Ln(III) complexes (Ln = Eu, Tb) with furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (H2FDA) as a ligand have been synthesized and characterized in the solid state. Luminescence studies indicate that the compounds exhibit line-like luminescence characteristic of the lanthanide centre upon excitation in the

  12. Design, synthesis and characterization of a highly luminescent Eu-complex monomer featuring thenoyltrifluoroacetone and 5-acryloxyethoxymethyl-8-hydroxyquinoline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu Cunjin [State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); College of Material, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036 (China); Li Bogeng, E-mail: bgli@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Wan Jintao; Bu Zhiyang [State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2011-08-15

    A multi-functional ligand, 5-acryloxyethoxymethyl-8-hydroxyquinoline (Hamq), was synthesized, which contained a polymerizable C=C double bond for the copolymerization with other vinyl monomers and acted as photon antenna able to transfer energy to Eu{sup 3+} ions effectively. The triplet state energy of Hamq was determined to be 22,370 cm{sup -1} via the phosphorescence spectra of Hamq and its gadolinium complex. The title complex monomer Eu(tta){sub 2}(amq) was prepared by coordination reaction of Hamq with europium isopropoxide and 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (Htta) in dry organic solvents under argon atmosphere and characterized by elemental analysis and IR spectrum. The photophysical properties of the complex were studied in detail with UV-vis, luminescence spectra, luminescence lifetime and quantum yield. The complex exhibited nearly monochromatic red emission at 612 nm, a remarkable luminescence quantum yield at room temperature (30.6%) upon ligand excitation and a long {sup 5}D{sub 0} lifetime (389 {mu}s), which indicated that the ligand Hamq could sensitize the luminescence of Eu(III) ion efficiently in Eu(tta){sub 2}(amq), resulting in a strong luminescence of its copolymer poly[MMA-co-Eu(TTA){sub 2}(amq)] under UV excitation. The excellent luminescence properties of the complex made it not only a promising light-conversion molecular device but also an excellent luminescent monomer. - Highlights: >iWe designed and synthesized a highly luminescent Eu-complex monomer. > Quantum yield and lifetime of the complex are 30.6% and 389 {mu}s, respectively. > Excellent luminescence of the complex made it an excellent luminescent monomer.

  13. Synthesis, characterization and luminescence study of Eu3+ doped Y2Sn2O7 nano-particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nigam, Sandeep; Sudarsan, V.; Vatsa, R.K.

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, advanced materials derived from Pyrochlore-type oxides (A 2 B 2 O 7 ), have been of extensive scientific and technological interest. Chemical substitution of A or B sites of pyrochlore oxide by rare earth ions is a widely used approach to prepare thermally stable, lanthanide ion doped luminescent materials. The present study deals with the synthesis and characterization of Eu 3+ doped Y 2 Sn 2 O 7 : nanoparticles prepared by the hydrolysis of Y 3+ , Sn 4+ , and Eu 3+ in ethylene glycol medium followed by heating at 700 deg C for 4 hours. As prepared samples are amorphous in nature and 700 deg C heated sample showed well crystalline pyrochlore structure in XRD studies. Average particle size is calculated from the width of the X-ray diffraction peaks and found to t be around 5 nm. Luminescence measurements were carried out for as prepared and 700 deg C heated samples. The undoped as prepared sample showed a broad emission peak around 420 nm after excitation at 285 nm. While for 700 deg C undoped heated sample, the peak maxima was shifted to 435 nm. The emission spectrum for doped as prepared samples is characterized by both host emission around 420 nm along with the characteristic Eu 3+ emission peaks in the visible region. However, very poor Eu 3+ emission from heated sample was observed

  14. Characterization and luminescent properties of Eu{sup 3+} doped Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} nanopowders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rabasovic, M.S., E-mail: majap@ipb.ac.rs [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade (Serbia); Sevic, D. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade (Serbia); Krizan, J. [Faculty for Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia); Terzic, M. [Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad (Serbia); Mozina, J. [Faculty for Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia); Marinkovic, B.P.; Savic-Sevic, S. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade (Serbia); Mitric, M. [Vinča Institute of Nuclear Science, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia); Rabasovic, M.D.; Romcevic, N. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade (Serbia)

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • Nanopowders Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} doped by europium ions (Eu{sup 3+}) have been synthesized. • Their luminescence properties have been measured at room temperature. • The temporal evolution of laser induced phenomena are presented using time-resolved technique. • Lifetime analysis for luminescence bands in emission spectra has been done. - Abstract: Nanopowders based on gadolinium zirconium oxide (Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}) doped by europium ions (Eu{sup 3+}) were successfully prepared using a flame combustion method. This material is suitable for various optical devices. The structure of prepared materials has been confirmed and characterized using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and photoluminescence (PL) techniques. The luminescence properties of synthesized nanopowders were characterized by emission spectra and luminescence lifetimes by using the streak camera system. PL spectra were obtained at three different excitation wavelengths (Optical Parametric Oscilator (OPO) at 360 nm, laser diode at 365 nm and Ar laser line at 514.5 nm). The strong emission lines at 611 nm and 630 nm corresponding to the {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} long lived transition could be used as a new red light source in optical devices.

  15. Characterization of an optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) material for thermal neutron detection: SrS:Ce,Sm,B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ravotti, Federico; Garcia, Pierre; Prevost, Hildegarde; Dusseau, Laurent; Lapraz, Dominique; Vaille, Jean-Roch; Benoit, David

    2008-01-01

    SrS:Ce,Sm exhibits some interesting phosphorescent and charge storage properties that are used in OSL (optically stimulated luminescence) radiation dosimetry. To enhance the thermal neutron sensitivity of this phosphor, a new material obtained by boron doping has been developed. This OSL, B material was analysed with respect to its optical and structural characteristics in order to study possible modifications induced by doping procedure. Optical study highlights a decrease in the material luminescence of about 40% with TL and OSL experiments. The emission spectrum remains the same after boron addition. This result is in agreement with the structural characterization analysis since the lattice parameters were not modified. 11B MAS NMR results indicate that boron atoms are present in the host lattice in form of BO4 groups. Consequences on dosimetry applications are discussed. The neutron response of the OSL, B irradiated in a nuclear reactor is linear up to a fluence of 5 x 1011 cm -2 and it is possible to separate the thermal neutron and gamma components. (copyright 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  16. Characterization of the proton irradiation induced luminescence of materials and application in radiation oncology dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darafsheh, Arash; Zhang, Rongxiao; Kassaee, Alireza; Finlay, Jarod C.

    2018-03-01

    Visible light generated as the result of interaction of ionizing radiation with matter can be used for radiation therapy quality assurance. In this work, we characterized the visible light observed during proton irradiation of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and silica glass fiber materials by performing luminescence spectroscopy. The spectra of the luminescence signal from PMMA and silica glass fibers during proton irradiation showed continuous spectra whose shape were different from that expected from Čerenkov radiation, indicating that Čerenkov radiation cannot be the responsible radioluminescence signal. The luminescence signal from each material showed a Bragg peak pattern and their corresponding proton ranges are in agreement with measurements performed by a standard ion chamber. The spectrum of the silica showed two peaks at 460 and 650 nm stem from the point defects of the silica: oxygen deficiency centers (ODC) and non-bridging oxygen hole centers (NBOHC), respectively. The spectrum of the PMMA fiber showed a continuous spectrum with a peak at 410 nm whose origin is connected with the fluorescence of the PMMA material. Our results are of interest for various applications based on imaging radioluminescent signal in proton therapy and will inform on the design of high-resolution fiber probes for proton therapy dosimetry.

  17. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and up/down-conversion luminescence of barium rare earth fluoride nanocrystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jia, Li-Ping; Zhang, Qiang; Yan, Bing

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Lanthanide ions doped bare earth rare earth fluoride nanocrystals are synthesized by hydrothermal technology and characterized. The down/up-conversion luminescence of them are discussed. - Highlights: • Mixed hydrothermal system H 2 O–OA (EDA)–O-A(LO-A) is used for synthesis. • Barium rare earth fluoride nanocrystals are synthesized comprehensively. • Luminescence for down-conversion and up-conversion are obtained for these systems. - Abstract: Mixed hydrothermal system H 2 O–OA (EDA)–O-A(LO-A) is developed to synthesize barium rare earth fluorides nanocrystals (OA = oleylamine, EDA = ethylenediamine, O-A = oleic acid and LO-A = linoleic acid). They are presented as BaREF 5 (RE = Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Tm, Lu) and Ba 2 REF 7 (RE = La, Sm, Ho, Er, Yb). The influence of reaction parameters (rare earth species, hydrothermal system and temperature) is checked on the phase and shape evolution of the fluoride nanocrystals. It is found that reaction time and temperature of these nanocrystals using EDA (180 °C, 6 h) is lower than those of them using OA (220 °C, 10 h). The photoluminescence properties of these fluorides activated by some rare earth ions (Nd 3+ , Eu 3+ , Tb 3+ ) are studied, and especially up-conversion luminescence of the four fluoride nanocrystal systems (Ba 2 LaF 7 :Yb, Tm(Er), Ba 2 REF 7 :Yb, Tm(Er) (RE = Gd, Y, Lu)) is observed

  18. Luminescence and structure of manganese(II) halogenides. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oelkrug, D.; Kempny, W.

    1976-01-01

    The luminescence decay times tau and luminescence intensities I of the mixed crystals Mnsub(x)Cdsub(1-x)Hal 2 (Hal = Bl, Br, J; x 6 -octahedra and of some compounds A 2 MnHal 4 (A = large cation) with unlinked MnHal 4 -tetrahedra were investigated between 4.2 K and 295 K. In Osub(h)-coordinated compounds tau decreases with increasing temperature, most strongly in the iodide namely by a factor of five. On the other hand I correspondingly increases to the same extent so that in all cases I x tau = const. That justifies the assumption of quantum yields independent of temperature with the ideal value of one. In Tsub(d)-coordinated compounds tau and I taken as such are constant in the whole temperature range. The Osub(h) - Tsub(d) contrast in tau and I is attributed to oscillator strengths either dependent on temperature or constant. In the case of MnHal 6 coordination the dependency on temperature may be expressed by the function ctgh(hνc/2kT), (νsub(J) = 80, νsub(Br) = 140, νsub(Cl) = 190 cm -1 ), νsup(Hal) very well corresponding with the mean value of the odd optical k = 0 phonons in the CdHal 2 lattice. (orig.) [de

  19. Synthesis, characterization, and cytotoxicity in human erythrocytes of multifunctional, magnetic, and luminescent nanocrystalline rare earth fluorides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzyb, Tomasz; Mrówczyńska, Lucyna; Szczeszak, Agata; Śniadecki, Zbigniew; Runowski, Marcin; Idzikowski, Bogdan; Lis, Stefan

    2015-10-01

    Multifunctional nanoparticles exhibiting red or green luminescence properties and magnetism were synthesized and thoroughly analyzed. The hydrothermal method was used for the synthesis of Eu3+- or Tb3+-doped GdF3-, NaGdF4-, and BaGdF5-based nanocrystalline materials. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples confirmed the desired compositions of the materials. Transmission electron microscope images revealed the different morphologies of the products, including the nanocrystal sizes, which varied from 12 nm in the case of BaGdF5-based nanoparticles to larger structures with dimensions exceeding 300 nm. All of the samples presented luminescence under ultraviolet irradiation, as well as when the samples were in the form of water colloids. The highest luminescence was observed for BaGdF5-based materials. The obtained nanoparticles exhibited paramagnetism along with probable evidence of superparamagnetic behavior at low temperatures. The particles' magnetic characteristics were also preserved for samples in the form of a suspension in distilled water. The cytotoxicity studies against the human erythrocytes indicated that the synthesized nanoparticles are non-toxic because they did not cause the red blood cells shape changes nor did they alter their membrane structure and permeabilization.

  20. Synthesis, characterization, and cytotoxicity in human erythrocytes of multifunctional, magnetic, and luminescent nanocrystalline rare earth fluorides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grzyb, Tomasz; Mrówczyńska, Lucyna; Szczeszak, Agata; Śniadecki, Zbigniew; Runowski, Marcin; Idzikowski, Bogdan; Lis, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Multifunctional nanoparticles exhibiting red or green luminescence properties and magnetism were synthesized and thoroughly analyzed. The hydrothermal method was used for the synthesis of Eu 3+ - or Tb 3+ -doped GdF 3 -, NaGdF 4 -, and BaGdF 5 -based nanocrystalline materials. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples confirmed the desired compositions of the materials. Transmission electron microscope images revealed the different morphologies of the products, including the nanocrystal sizes, which varied from 12 nm in the case of BaGdF 5 -based nanoparticles to larger structures with dimensions exceeding 300 nm. All of the samples presented luminescence under ultraviolet irradiation, as well as when the samples were in the form of water colloids. The highest luminescence was observed for BaGdF 5 -based materials. The obtained nanoparticles exhibited paramagnetism along with probable evidence of superparamagnetic behavior at low temperatures. The particles’ magnetic characteristics were also preserved for samples in the form of a suspension in distilled water. The cytotoxicity studies against the human erythrocytes indicated that the synthesized nanoparticles are non-toxic because they did not cause the red blood cells shape changes nor did they alter their membrane structure and permeabilization

  1. Mathematical characterization of continuous wave infrared stimulated luminescence signals (CW-IRSL) from feldspars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pagonis, V.; Phan, Huy; Goodnow, Rebecca; Rosenfeld, Sara; Morthekai, P.

    2014-01-01

    Continuous-wave infrared stimulated luminescence signals (CW-IRSL) from feldspars have been the subject of many experimental studies, due to their importance in luminescence dating and dosimetry. Accurate mathematical characterization of the shape of these CW-IRSL signals in feldspars is of practical and theoretical importance, especially in connection with “anomalous fading” of luminescence signals in dating studies. These signals are known to decay in a non-exponential manner and their exact mathematical shape as a function of stimulation time is an open research question. At long stimulation times the IRSL decay has been shown experimentally to follow a power law of decay, and previous researchers have attempted to fit the overall shape of these signals empirically using the well known Becquerel function (or compressed hyperbola decay law). This paper investigates the possibility of fitting CW-IRSL curves using either the Becquerel decay law, or a recently developed analytical equation based on localized electronic recombination of donor–acceptor pairs in luminescent materials. It is shown that both mathematical approaches can give excellent fits to experimental CW-IRSL curves, and the precision of the fitting process is studied by analyzing a series of curves measured using a single aliquot of a feldspar sample. Both fitting equations are solutions of differential equations involving numerically similar time dependent recombination probabilities k(t). It is concluded that both fitting equations provide approximately equivalent mathematical descriptions of the CW-IRSL curves in feldspars, and can be used as mathematical representations of the shape of CW-IRSL signals. - Highlights: • Feldspar CW-IRSL curves fitted using Becquerel decay law and new analytical equation. • Both mathematical approaches give excellent fits to experimental CW-IRSL curves. • Series of experimental CW-IRSL curves analyzed using both fitting expressions. • The time

  2. Characterization and luminescence studies of Eu doped Barite nanophosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahl, Shaila, E-mail: shaila.bahl@gmail.com [Medical Physics Unit, IRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi 110029 (India); Lochab, S.P. [Inter-University Accelerator Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India); Pandey, Anant [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara College, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110021 (India); Kumar, Vipin [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110007 (India); Aleynikov, V.E.; Molokanov, A.G. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation); Kumar, Pratik [Medical Physics Unit, IRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi 110029 (India)

    2014-05-01

    Barite (BaSO{sub 4}) nanophosphors were successfully prepared by the co-precipitation method. The structural analysis of the sample was carried out by analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. XRD study reveals that the particles exhibit orthorhombic structure and are approximately 50 nm in size, while TEM study further confirms the particle size in the range 48–52 nm and depicts oval shape of the particles. The FTIR spectrum displays the bands centered at 1197 to1077 cm{sup −1} and the shoulder at 982 cm{sup −1} corresponding to the symmetrical vibration of SO{sub 4}{sup 2−} ion. Moreover, S–O bending and stretching are the Raman signature of barite, which were proven by the Raman spectra, unveiling the various vibrational modes of the compound. Samples were irradiated by gamma rays and proton beams and their Thermoluminescent (TL) glow curves were plotted and studied. On applying two different types of irradiations in addition to large energy difference, the sample showed almost a similar TL glow curve structure, which is the remarkable feature of this phosphor. Analysis of the glow curve was also carried out by the glow curve deconvolution method. Photoluminescence (PL) study shows broad excitation spectra with the main peak at around 250 nm whereas the emission band excited by the wavelength 250 nm was observed at 374 nm which corresponds to the 4f{sup 6}5d→4f{sup 7} ({sup 8}S{sub 7/2}) transitions of Eu{sup 2+} ions. The sample was also examined for its PL response to different exposures of gamma irradiations where it showed an increase in the PL intensity up to a dose of 800 Gy for both excitation and emission spectra. The present sample shows good crystal quality along with high TL and PL sensitivity. Hence our results suggest possible potential applications of nanocrystalline BaSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor in dosimetric study of

  3. Syntheses, structures and luminescent properties of lanthanide coordination polymers assembled from imidazophenanthroline derivative and oxalate ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao, Hui; Sun, Xiao-Xia; Hu, Huai-Ming; An, Ran; Yang, Meng-Lin; Xue, Ganglin

    2017-01-01

    Nine new lanthanide coordination polymers, namely, [Ln(Hsfpip)(ox) 0.5 (H 2 O)] n ·2n(H 2 O) ((Ln=Eu (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), Er (5), Yb (6), Y(7)), [Ln(H 2 sfpip)(ox)(H 2 O) 4 ] n ·2n(H 2 O) (Ln=Nd (8) Sm (9)), [H 2 ox=oxalic acid, H 3 sfpip=2-(2,4-disulfophenyl)imidazo(4,5-f)(1,10)-phenanthroline] have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by IR spectra, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and single crystal X-ray diffraction. When sodium oxalate is added, the reactions of lanthanide ions with H 3 sfpip resulted in two types of structures. Compounds 1–7 are obtained at pH 5.0 and exhibit 3D tfz-d networks with ox 2− anions as linkers to bridge the adjacent layers. Compounds 8–9 are obtained at pH 2.0, and display a 1D chain which is further extended to a 3D supramolecular framework through intermolecular hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions. The structural variation from compounds 1–7 to 8–9 can attribute to the pH effect on construction of lanthanide coordination polymers. Moreover, the thermal stabilities and luminescence properties of 1–9 were also investigated. - Graphical abstract: Nine new lanthanide coordination polymers have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Compounds 1–7 exhibit a 3D tfz-d network. Compounds 8–9 display a 1D chain structure. The structural variation from compounds 1–7 to 8–9 can attribute to the pH effect on construction of lanthanide coordination polymers. - Highlights: • Nine lanthanide coordination polymers were prepared under hydrothermal conditions. • Their crystal structures have been determined. • The luminescence and thermal stabilities were studied in the solid state.

  4. Syntheses, structures and luminescent properties of lanthanide coordination polymers assembled from imidazophenanthroline derivative and oxalate ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Hui; Sun, Xiao-Xia; Hu, Huai-Ming, E-mail: ChemHu1@NWU.EDU.CN; An, Ran; Yang, Meng-Lin; Xue, Ganglin

    2017-01-15

    Nine new lanthanide coordination polymers, namely, [Ln(Hsfpip)(ox){sub 0.5}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n}·2n(H{sub 2}O) ((Ln=Eu (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), Er (5), Yb (6), Y(7)), [Ln(H{sub 2}sfpip)(ox)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{sub n}·2n(H{sub 2}O) (Ln=Nd (8) Sm (9)), [H{sub 2}ox=oxalic acid, H{sub 3}sfpip=2-(2,4-disulfophenyl)imidazo(4,5-f)(1,10)-phenanthroline] have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by IR spectra, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and single crystal X-ray diffraction. When sodium oxalate is added, the reactions of lanthanide ions with H{sub 3}sfpip resulted in two types of structures. Compounds 1–7 are obtained at pH 5.0 and exhibit 3D tfz-d networks with ox{sup 2−} anions as linkers to bridge the adjacent layers. Compounds 8–9 are obtained at pH 2.0, and display a 1D chain which is further extended to a 3D supramolecular framework through intermolecular hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions. The structural variation from compounds 1–7 to 8–9 can attribute to the pH effect on construction of lanthanide coordination polymers. Moreover, the thermal stabilities and luminescence properties of 1–9 were also investigated. - Graphical abstract: Nine new lanthanide coordination polymers have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Compounds 1–7 exhibit a 3D tfz-d network. Compounds 8–9 display a 1D chain structure. The structural variation from compounds 1–7 to 8–9 can attribute to the pH effect on construction of lanthanide coordination polymers. - Highlights: • Nine lanthanide coordination polymers were prepared under hydrothermal conditions. • Their crystal structures have been determined. • The luminescence and thermal stabilities were studied in the solid state.

  5. Synthesis and characterization of lanthanide-based luminescent nanoparticles: toward new bio-labels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lechevallier, Severine

    2010-01-01

    This work deals with the development of luminescent nanoparticles (NPs) suitable as bio-labels. Inorganic NPs have been synthesized, in which luminescent ion (Eu 3+ in most of cases) is substituting ions of the oxide host matrix. NPs of Ln(OH)CO 3 :Eu 3+ (Ln = Y or Gd), Ln 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ , Ln 2 O 2 S:Eu 3+ and SiO 2 :Eu 3+ have been characterized by the way of TGA, WAXS-XRD, TEM, IR and photoluminescence (PL) techniques. The controlled precipitation using urea as precipitating agent is the way chosen and optimized to obtain spherical and monodispersed in size (150±15 nm) NPs. These particles of amorphous lanthanide hydroxycarbonate can directly be used as luminescent bio-labels or after their conversion in oxide or oxi-sulfide. For the silica particles, the synthesis by aerosol pyrolysis has been used. The obtained particles are spherical with a main diameter of 350 nm. In a second step, the surface of the inorganic NPs has been modified, in order to graft amino-reactive functions. Several modification ways have been explored: with APTES (aminopropyltriethoxysilane), with TEOS (tetra-ethoxysilane) and then APTES, or with a TEOS/APTES mixture. The same characterizations techniques have been applied to the modified particles, and chemical analysis, solid state NMR and XPS. DLS and ζ-potential of the NPs dispersed in water have also been measured. These analyses have been completed by the evaluation of the number of accessible amine functions by coupling with FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate). The direct modification of oxides (Y 2 O 3 or Gd 2 O 3 ) with APTES is the best way, and an homogenous layer of 1 nm with a high number of accessible amine can be graft. Finally, to move toward luminescent bio-labelling in biological medium, the luminescence of the NPs has been observed and analyzed using: - A spectro-fluorimeter, after their dispersion in water; - A fluorescence microscope, on glass slides, under broad band excitation; - A confocal microscope, under laser

  6. Luminescence characterization of dental ceramics for individual retrospective dosimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correcher, V.; Gomesdarocha, R. [CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Garcia G, J. [Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Rivera M, T., E-mail: v.correcher@ciemat.es [IPN, Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada, Av. Legaria 694, 11500 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2015-10-15

    Full text: Ceramic materials in general and dental crowns in particular exhibit thermoluminescence (Tl) properties and are of interest in the field of individual retrospective dosimetry. This property could be potentially employed to provide a means of determining cumulative exposure to external gamma radiation arising from accidents or large-scale incidents (radiological terrorism) involving population groups where conventional monitoring has not been established. The thermal stability and dose effect of the UV-blue Tl emission of a well characterized Spanish samples (by means of cathodoluminescence and electron-probe microanalysis) are here reported. It displays (i) an excellent linearity in the range of 0.12 - 9.6 Gy, (II) good stability of the Tl signal of 0.6, 1.2 and 2.4 Gy irradiated samples after 6 months of storage showing an initial rapid decay (ca. 30%) maintaining the stability from 30 days onwards. It means that the electron population decreases asymptotically by the X - axis and the involved electrons are located in deeper traps at room temperature. (III) The reusability performed on the dental ceramic, involving successive cycles of irradiation (1.2 Gy) followed by readout (up to 500 degrees C), exhibited a negligible variation in the Tl response, when measured six times. (IV) The tests of thermal stability at different temperatures (in the range of 100-240 degrees C) confirms a continuum in the trap distribution with progressive changes in the glow curve shape, intensity and temperature position of the maximum peak. Therefore, these preliminary results suggest that dental ceramics could be used as suitable dosimeters in retrospective conditions. (Author)

  7. Luminescence characterization of dental ceramics for individual retrospective dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correcher, V.; Gomesdarocha, R.; Garcia G, J.; Rivera M, T.

    2015-10-01

    Full text: Ceramic materials in general and dental crowns in particular exhibit thermoluminescence (Tl) properties and are of interest in the field of individual retrospective dosimetry. This property could be potentially employed to provide a means of determining cumulative exposure to external gamma radiation arising from accidents or large-scale incidents (radiological terrorism) involving population groups where conventional monitoring has not been established. The thermal stability and dose effect of the UV-blue Tl emission of a well characterized Spanish samples (by means of cathodoluminescence and electron-probe microanalysis) are here reported. It displays (i) an excellent linearity in the range of 0.12 - 9.6 Gy, (II) good stability of the Tl signal of 0.6, 1.2 and 2.4 Gy irradiated samples after 6 months of storage showing an initial rapid decay (ca. 30%) maintaining the stability from 30 days onwards. It means that the electron population decreases asymptotically by the X - axis and the involved electrons are located in deeper traps at room temperature. (III) The reusability performed on the dental ceramic, involving successive cycles of irradiation (1.2 Gy) followed by readout (up to 500 degrees C), exhibited a negligible variation in the Tl response, when measured six times. (IV) The tests of thermal stability at different temperatures (in the range of 100-240 degrees C) confirms a continuum in the trap distribution with progressive changes in the glow curve shape, intensity and temperature position of the maximum peak. Therefore, these preliminary results suggest that dental ceramics could be used as suitable dosimeters in retrospective conditions. (Author)

  8. Silica-modified luminescent LaPO4 :Eu@LaPO4 @SiO2 core/shell nanorods: Synthesis, structural and luminescent properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari, Anees A

    2018-02-01

    Monoclinic-type tetragonal LaPO 4 :Eu (core) and LaPO 4 :Eu@LaPO 4 (core/shell) nanorods (NRs) were successfully prepared using a urea-based co-precipitation process under ambient conditions. An amorphous silica layer was coated around the luminescent core/shell NRs via the sol-gel process to improve their solubility and colloidal stability in aqueous and non-aqueous media. The prepared nano-products were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction pattern, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and FTIR, UV/Vis, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to examine their phase purity, crystal phase, surface chemistry, solubility and luminescence characteristics. The length and diameter of the nano-products were in the range 80-120 nm and 10-15 nm, respectively. High solubility of the silica-modified core/shell/Si NRs was found for the aqueous medium. The luminescent core NRs exhibited characteristic excitation and emission transitions in the visible region that were greatly affected by surface growth of insulating LaPO 4 and silica layers due to the multiphonon relaxation rate. Our luminescence spectral results clearly show a distinct difference in intensities for core, core/shell, and core/shell/Si NRs. Highly luminescent NRs with good solubility could be useful candidates for a variety of photonic-based biomedical applications. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Investigation on three new metal carboxydiphosphonates: Syntheses, structures, magnetic and luminescent properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang Sifu; Pan Xiaobo; Lv Xiaoxia [Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101 (China); Zhao Xuebo, E-mail: zhaoxb@qibebt.ac.cn [Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101 (China)

    2013-01-15

    A new multifunctionalized phosphoric acid, (2-(diphosphonomethylamino)nicotinic acid, Py(COOH)(NHCH--(PO{sub 3}H{sub 2}){sub 2}), H{sub 5}L{sup 1}), has been employed as ligand for the construction of new metal phosphonates. By reacting it with different metal chlorides under hydrothermal condition, three new transition metal phosphonates, namely, [Co{sub 2}(HL{sup 1})(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}][H{sub 2}O]{sub 3} (1), Zn(H{sub 3}L{sup 1}) (2) and [Cd(H{sub 3}L{sup 1})(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}][H{sub 2}O] (3) were successfully obtained. The single-crystal structure measurements indicated that the coordination mode of ligand H{sub 5}L{sup 1} is metal-dependant and results in different structures. For compound 1, it features 2D layered structure. Whereas compounds 2 and 3 have 1D chain structures. Under the excitation of 250 nm light, both compounds 2 and 3 show intraligand and ligand to metal charge transfer (LMCT) emission bands at about 415 and 420 nm, respectively. Magnetic study shows that compound 1 displays antiferromagnetic behavior. - Graphical abstract: Three new metal phosphonates were synthesized from a multifunctionalized phosphonate ligand and different metal chlorides. Their structures, thermal stabilities, luminescent and magnetic properties were characterized. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three new metal phosphonates were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compound 1 exhibits 2D layered structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compounds 2 and 3 have 1D infinite chain structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compound 1 displays antiferromagnetic behavior. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compounds 2 and 3 show intraligand and ligand to metal charge transfer emission bands.

  10. Gamma response characterizations of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) affects personal dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monthonwattana, S.; Esor, J.; Rungseesumran, T.; Intang, A.

    2017-06-01

    Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) is the current technique of personal dosimetry changed by Nuclear Technology Service Center instead of Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) because OSL has more advantages, such as repeat reading and elimination of heating process. In this study, OSL was used to test the gamma response characterizations. Detailed OSL investigation on personal dosimetry was carried out in the dose range of 0.2 - 3.0 mSv. The batch homogeneity was 7.66%. R2 value of the linear regression was 0.9997. The difference ratio of angular dependence at ± 60° was 8.7%. Fading of the reading was about 3%.

  11. Luminescence of Lanthanoides (Rare-earth elements) – Probes of structural variations in minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lenz, C.

    2015-01-01

    This cumulative PhD thesis summarises several individual studies on the luminescence of REE (rare-earth elements; i.e., trivalent lanthanoides), which are typically incorporated in accessory minerals such as zircon, titanite, monazite–(Ce) and xenotime–(Y). A main objective of these studies is to examine the powerfulness of REE luminescence-spectroscopy as structural probe. In particular, this concerns the potential use of REE3+ emissions in characterising structural disorder of their accessory host minerals as caused by radiation damage and/or compositional heterogeneity. Especially the former (i.e., mineral disorder due to radiation damage) is of interest to Earth and materials scientists, for instance for the understanding of changed physicochemical properties of initially crystalline materials that are affected by structural damage as caused by the radioactive decay of actinides. Moreover, a substantial contribution of the studies presented lies in the field of basic properties of the REE luminescence of natural accessory minerals. First, the investigations have addressed the identification of diverse REE species in diverse natural host minerals (which is done using synthetic REE-doped analogues). Second, factors that may bias the quantitative estimation of spectroscopic parameters have been studied, including effects of experimental parameters (crystal orientation and temperature) and the samples’ compositional heterogeneity. The results will be particularly useful to the growing community of Earth scientists who apply REE luminescence-spectroscopy in studying geological materials. (author) [de

  12. Structural and luminescent properties of Fe3+ doped PVA capped CdTe nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravindranadh K.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available During recent decades, magnetic and semiconductor nanoparticles have attracted significant attention of scientists in various fields of engineering, physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. Fe3+ doped PVA capped CdTe nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation method and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, SEM, TEM, FT-IR, optical, EPR and PL techniques to collect the information about the crystal structure, coordination/local site symmetry of doped Fe3+ ions in the host lattice and the luminescent properties of prepared sample. Powder XRD data revealed that the crystal structure belongs to a cubic system and its lattice cell parameters were evaluated. The average crystallite size was estimated to be 8 nm. The morphology of prepared samples was analyzed by using SEM and TEM investigations. Functional groups of the prepared sample were observed in FT-IR spectra. Optical absorption and EPR studies have shown that on doping, Fe3+ ions enter the host lattice in octahedral site symmetry. PL studies of Fe3+ doped PVA capped CdTe nanoparticles revealed UV and blue emission bands. CIE chromaticity coordinates were also calculated from the emission spectrum of Fe3+ doped PVA capped CdTe nanoparticles.

  13. Syntheses, structures and luminescent properties of lanthanide coordination polymers assembled from imidazophenanthroline derivative and oxalate ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Hui; Sun, Xiao-Xia; Hu, Huai-Ming; An, Ran; Yang, Meng-Lin; Xue, Ganglin

    2017-01-01

    Nine new lanthanide coordination polymers, namely, [Ln(Hsfpip)(ox)0.5(H2O)]n·2n(H2O) ((Ln=Eu (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), Er (5), Yb (6), Y(7)), [Ln(H2sfpip)(ox)(H2O)4]n·2n(H2O) (Ln=Nd (8) Sm (9)), [H2ox=oxalic acid, H3sfpip=2-(2,4-disulfophenyl)imidazo(4,5-f)(1,10)-phenanthroline] have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by IR spectra, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and single crystal X-ray diffraction. When sodium oxalate is added, the reactions of lanthanide ions with H3sfpip resulted in two types of structures. Compounds 1-7 are obtained at pH 5.0 and exhibit 3D tfz-d networks with ox2- anions as linkers to bridge the adjacent layers. Compounds 8-9 are obtained at pH 2.0, and display a 1D chain which is further extended to a 3D supramolecular framework through intermolecular hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions. The structural variation from compounds 1-7 to 8-9 can attribute to the pH effect on construction of lanthanide coordination polymers. Moreover, the thermal stabilities and luminescence properties of 1-9 were also investigated.

  14. Syntheses, structures and luminescence properties of lanthanide coordination polymers with helical character

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Ruisha; Cui Xiaobing; Song Jiangfeng; Xu Xiaoyu; Xu Jiqing; Wang Tiegang

    2008-01-01

    A series of lanthanide coordination polymers, (Him) n [Ln(ip) 2 (H 2 O)] n [Ln=La(1), Pr(2), Nd(3) and Dy(4), H 2 ip=isophthalic acid, im=imidazole] and [Y 2 (ip) 3 (H 2 O) 2 ] n .nH 2 O (5), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR), ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-Vis-NIR) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. The isostructural compounds 1-4 possess 3-D structures with three different kinds of channels. Compound 5 features a 2-D network making of two different kinds of quadruple-helical chains. Compounds 2 and 3 present the characteristic emissions of Pr(III) and Nd(III) ions in NIR region, respectively. Compound 4 shows sensitized luminescence of Dy(III) ions in visible region. - Graphical abstract: A series of lanthanide coodination polymers, (Him) n [Ln(ip) 2 (H 2 O)] n [Ln=La(1), Pr(2), Nd(3) and Dy(4)] and [Y 2 (ip) 3 (H 2 O) 2 ] n .nH 2 O (5), have been reported. The isostructural compounds 1-4 possess 3-D structures with three different kinds of channels. Compound 5 displays a 2-D network making of two kinds of quadruple-helical chains. Display Omitted

  15. Synthesis, Structure, and Luminescent Properties of Europium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Nanocrystalline Powders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Steluta Ciobanu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The luminescent europium-doped hydroxyapatite (Eu:HAp, Ca10−xEux(PO46(OH2 with 0≤x≤0.2 nanocrystalline powders was synthesized by coprecipitation. The structural, morphological, and textural properties were well characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The vibrational studies were performed by Fourier transform infrared, Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopies. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that hydroxyapatite is the unique crystalline constituent of all the samples, indicating that Eu has been successfully inserted into the HAp lattice. Eu doping inhibits HAp crystallization, leading to a decrease of the average crystallite size from around 20 nm in the undoped sample to around 7 nm in the sample with the highest Eu concentration. Furthermore, the samples show the characteristic 5D0→7F0 transition observed at 578 nm related to Eu3+ ions distributed on Ca2+ sites of the apatitic structure.

  16. Efficient green luminescence of terbium oxalate crystals: A case study with Judd-Ofelt theory and single crystal structure analysis and the effect of dehydration on luminescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Dinu; Joy, Monu; Thomas, Kukku; Sisira, S.; Biju, P. R.; Unnikrishnan, N. V.; Sudarsanakumar, C.; Ittyachen, M. A.; Joseph, Cyriac

    2018-06-01

    Design and synthesis of Lanthanide based metal organic framework is a frontier area of research owing to their structural diversity enabling specific applications. The luminescence properties of rare earths, tuned by the structural features of Ln-MOFs are investigated extensively. Rare earth oxalates which can be synthesized in a facile method, ensuring the structural features of MOFs with excellent photoluminescence characteristics deserves much attention. This work is the first time report on the single crystal structure and Judd-Ofelt (JO) theoretical analysis - their correlation with the intense and sharp green luminescence of Terbium oxalate crystals. The intense green luminescence observed for Terbium oxalate crystals for a wide range of excitation from DUV to visible region despite the luminescence limiting factors are discussed. The absence of concentration quenching and lifting up of forbidden nature of f-f transitions, allowing direct excitation of Terbium ions is analysed with the help of JO theory and single crystal structure analysis. The JO analysis predicted the asymmetry of Terbium sites, allowing the electric dipole transitions and from the JO intensity parameters, promising spectroscopic parameters - emission cross section, branching ratio, gain band width and gain coefficient of the material were calculated. The single crystal structure analysis revealed the asymmetry of Tb sites and structure of Terbium oxalate is formed by the hydrogen bonded stacking of overlapped six Terbium membered rings connected by the oxalate ligands. The molecularly thick layers thus formed on the crystal surface are imaged by the atomic force microscopy. The presence of water channels in the structure and the effect of lattice water molecules on the luminescence intensity are also investigated.

  17. Structure and luminescent investigation of new Ln(III)-TTA complexes containing N-methyl-ε-caprolactam as ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges, Alex Santos, E-mail: alexb@ifes.edu.br [Coordenadoria de Química e Biologia, IFES, Vitória, ES 29040-780 (Brazil); Caliman, Ewerton Valadares [Coordenadoria de Engenharia Metalúrgica, IFES, Vitória, ES 29040-780 (Brazil); Dutra, José Diogo L. [Departamento de Química Fundamental, UFPE, Recife, PE 50590-470 (Brazil); Da Silva, Jeferson G. [Departamento de Farmácia, UFJF, Governador Valadares, MG 35010-17 (Brazil); Araujo, Maria Helena, E-mail: maria.araujo@pq.cnpq.br [Departamento de Química, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-901 (Brazil)

    2016-02-15

    The synthesis and photoluminescent properties of Ln(III)-TTA complexes (Ln=Eu(III) and Sm(III) ions; TTA=3-thenoyltrifluoroacetonate) with N-methyl-ε-caprolactam (NMC) are reported. The Ln complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, complexometric titration with EDTA and infrared spectroscopy. The molecular structures of the [Eu(TTA){sub 3}(NMC)(H{sub 2}O)] and [Sm(TTA){sub 3}(NMC)(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O compounds were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. In these structures, the three TTA molecules are coordinated to the metal in anionic form as bidentate ligands, while the H{sub 2}O and NMC molecules are coordinated to the metal in neutral form as monodentated ligands. The coordination polyhedron around the Ln(III) atom can be described as square antiprismatic molecular geometry. The geometry of the [Eu(TTA){sub 3}(NMC)(H{sub 2}O)] complex was optimized with the Sparkle/RM1 model for Ln(III) complexes, allowing analysis of intramolecular energy transfer processes of the Eu(III) compound. The spectroscopic properties of the 4f{sup 6} intraconfigurational transitions of the Eu(III) complex were then studied experimentally and theoretically. The low value of emission quantum efficiency of {sup 5}D{sub 0} emitting level (η) of Eu(III) ion (ca. 36%) is due to the vibrational modes of the water molecule that act as luminescence quenching. In addition, the luminescence decay curves, the experimental intensity parameters (Ω{sub λ}), lifetimes (τ), radiative (A{sub rad}) and non-radiative (A{sub nrad}) decay rates, theoretical quantum yield (q{sub cal}) were also determined and discussed. - Highlights: • New Ln-TTA complexes with lactam were obtained and their luminescence investigated. • Jablonsky diagram for the Eu(III) complex shows the main channel for the IET process. • Data confirm the potentiality of the Eu(III) complex to produce red luminescence. • LUMPAC has provided useful information on the luminescence of the Eu

  18. Fabrication and characterization of dual-functional ultrafine composite fibers with phase-change energy storage and luminescence properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Peng; Zhao, Tianxiang; Xia, Lei; Shu, Dengkun; Ma, Menjiao; Cheng, Bowen

    2017-01-09

    Ultrafine composite fibers consisting of a thermoplastic polyurethane solid-solid phase-change material and organic lanthanide luminescent materials were prepared through a parallel electrospinning technique as an innovative type of ultrafine, dual-functional fibers containing phase-change and luminescent properties. The morphology and structure, thermal energy storage, and luminescent properties of parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers possessed the desired morphologies with smaller average fiber diameters than those of traditional mixed electrospun ultrafine fibers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were composed of two parts. Polymeric phase-change materials, which can be directly produced and spun, were used to provide temperature stability, while a mixture of polymethyl methacrylate and an organic lanthanide complex acted as the luminescent unit. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and luminescence measurements indicated that the unique structure of the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers provides the products with good thermal energy storage and luminescence properties. The fluorescence intensity and the phase-change enthalpy values of the ultrafine fibers prepared by parallel electrospinning were respectively 1.6 and 2.1 times those of ultrafine fibers prepared by mixed electrospinning.

  19. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescence properties of two metal carboxyphosphonates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Chaonan; Feng, Pingjing; Li, Jintang, E-mail: leejt@xmu.edu.cn; Luo, Xuetao

    2017-05-15

    Two metal carboxyphosphonates, [Co{sub 2}(OOCC{sub 5}H{sub 3}NPO{sub 3}){sub 2·}(H{sub 2}O){sub 3}] (Compound1) and Zn{sub 3}[OOCC{sub 6}H{sub 3}CH(OH)PO{sub 3}]{sub 2·}2H{sub 2}O (Compound2) were successfully synthesized under the hydrothermal reactions. In compound 1, two (Co1-NO{sub 5}) octahedra link the (CPO{sub 3}) by sharing the corner, which link the two (Co2-O{sub 6}) octahedra. From a-axis the six clusters form the layer. Each layer is linked through hydrogen bond. In compound 2, the (Zn-O{sub 4}) tetrahedron and (CPO{sub 3}) tetrahedron are corner-shared, which arrange in line. From a-axis, each line forms the columnar. The thermal and luminescence properties of these compounds were investigated. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis conditions of the two compounds and the crystal morphology. Compound 1 shows the layer and the compound 2 shows the pillared-layer. - Highlights: • Two new carboxyphosphonate ligands have been prepared. • Using the two ligands, two metal carboxyphosphonates have been synthesized. • The two MOFs may be candidates for fluorescent materials.

  20. A New 1D Chained Coordination Polymer: Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Antitumor Activity and Luminescent Property

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi-Shi Tai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A new 1D chained coordination polymer of Zn(II, {[Zn(L2(4,4′-bipy]·(H2O}n(1 (HL = N-acetyl-l-phenylalanine; 4,4′-bipy = 4,4′-bipyridine has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. Theresults show that each asymmetric unit of Zn(II complex belongs to monoclinic, space group P21 with a = 11.421(2 Å, b = 9.2213(17 Å, c = 15.188(3 Å,β = 106.112(3°, V = 1536.7(5 Å3, Z = 2, Dc = 1.444 g·cm−3, µ = 0.857 mm−1, F(000 = 696, and final R1 = 0.0439, ωR2 = 0.1013. The molecules form one-dimensional chained structure by its the bridging 4,4′-bipyridine ligands. The antitumor activities and luminescent properties of Zn(II coordination polymer have also been investigated.

  1. A new zinc(II supramolecular square: Synthesis, crystal structure, thermal behavior and luminescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Xiu-Yan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A new square-shaped Zn(II complex, namely, [Zn4(L4(phen4]•6H2O (1 (L = 2-hydroxynicotinate and phen = 1,10- phenanthroline, has been synthesized under hydrothermal condition. The crystal of 1 belongs to triclinic, space group P -1 with a = 10.773(2 Å, b = 12.641(3 Å, c = 13.573(3 Å, α = 107.44(3º, β = 102.66(3º, γ = 93.89(3°, C72H56N12O18Zn4, Mr = 1638.77, V = 1702.8(6 Å3 , Z = 1, Dc = 1.598 g/cm3 , S = 1.045, μ(MoKα = 1.475 mm-1 , F(000 = 836, R = 0.0472 and wR = 0.0919. In 1, four L ligands bridge four Zn(II atoms to form a square-shaped structure, where four phen ligands are respectively located on four corners of the square. The π-π stacking interactions extend the adjacent squares into a 1D supramolecular chain. The thermal behavior of 1 has been characterized. Moreover, its solid state luminescence property has been studied at room temperature.

  2. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of zinc (II) complexes with terpyridine derivatives as ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Xuegang; Zhou Quanguo; Cheng Yanxiang; Geng Yanhou; Ma Dongge; Xie Zhiyuan; Wang Lixiang

    2007-01-01

    Five zinc (II) complexes (1-5) with 4'-phenyl-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine (ptpy) derivatives as ligands have been synthesized and fully characterized. The para-position of phenyl in ptpy is substituted by the group (R), i.e. tert-butyl (t-Bu), hexyloxy (OHex), carbazole-9-yl (Cz), naphthalen-1-yl-phenyl-amine-N-yl (NPA) and diphenyl amine-N-yl (DPA), with different electron-donating ability. With increasing donor ability of the R, the emission color of the complexes in film was modulated from violet (392 nm) to reddish orange (604 nm). The photoexcited luminescence exhibits significant solvatochromism because the emission of the complexes involves the intra-ligand charge transfer (ILCT) excited state. The electrochemical investigations show that the complexes with stronger electro-donating substituent have lower oxidation potential and then higher HOMO level. The electroluminescence (EL) properties of these zinc (II) complexes were studied with the device structure of ITO/PEDOT/Zn (II) complex: PBD:PMMA/BCP/AlQ/LiF/Al. Complexes 3, 4 and 5 exhibit EL wavelength at 552, 600 and 609 nm with maximum current efficiency of 5.28, 2.83 and 2.00 cd/A, respectively

  3. Synthesis, structural and luminescence properties of Bi3+ co-doped Y2Sn2O7:Tb nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nigam, S.; Sudarsan, V.; Vatsa, R.K.

    2010-01-01

    Full text: In recent years, advanced materials derived from Pyrochlore-type oxides (A 2 B 2 O 7 ) have been of extensive scientific and technological interest. Chemical substitution of A or B sites of pyrochlore oxide by rare earth ions is a widely used approach to prepare thermally stable, lanthanide ion doped luminescent materials. Due to the higher symmetry around the A and B sites in the lattice lanthanide ions like Eu 3+ and Tb 3+ when incorporated at the A or B sites give very poor luminescence. This problem can be avoided by incorporating other ions like Bi 3+ in the lattice so that the lattice gets distorted and luminescent intensity from the lanthanide ions increases. The present study deals with the synthesis and characterization of Bi 3+ co-doped Y 2 Sn 2 O 7 :Tb nanoparticles. For the preparation of Tb 3+ and Bi 3+ doped Y 2 Sn 2 O 7 nano-materials, Sn metal, Bi(NO 3 ) 3 , Tb 4 O 7 , Y 2 CO 3 , were used as starting materials. The solution containing Y 3+ , Sn 4+ ,and Bi 3+ -Tb 3+ in ethylene glycol medium was slowly heated up to 120 deg C and then subjected to urea hydrolysis. The obtained precipitate after washing was heated to 700 deg C. As prepared samples are amorphous in nature and 700 deg C heated sample showed well crystalline pyrochlore structure as revealed by the XRD studies. Average particles size is calculated from the width of the X-ray diffraction peaks and found to be ∼ 5 nm. TEM images of the nanoparticles obtained at 700 deg C shows very fine spherical particles having a diameter in the range of 2-5 nm. Luminescence measurements were carried out for as prepared and 700 deg C heated samples of 2.5%Tb doped Y 2 Sn 2 O 7 nanoparticles. Green emission characteristic 5 D 4 7 F 5 transition of Tb 3+ has been observed from as prepared sample but on heating to 700 deg C the emission characteristic of Tb 3+ ions got completely removed . However, there is a significant improvement in Tb 3+ emission from 2.5% Bi 3+ co-doped Y 2 Sn 2 O 7 :Tb 3

  4. A series of copper complexes with carbazole and oxadiazole moieties: Synthesis, characterization and luminescence performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bai Weiyang, E-mail: baiwy02@163.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054 (China); Sun Li [Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2012-10-15

    In this paper, various moieties of ethyl, carbazole and oxadiazole are attached to 2-thiazol-4-yl-1H-benzoimidazole to form a series of diamine ligands. Their corresponding Cu(I) complexes are also synthesized using bis(2-(diphenylphosphanyl)phenyl) ether as the auxiliary ligand. Crystal structures, thermal property, electronic nature and luminescence property of these Cu(I) complexes are discussed in detail. These Cu(I) complexes are found to be efficient green-emitting ones in solutions and the emissive parameters are improved largely by the incorporation of substituent moieties. Detailed analysis suggests that the effective suppression of solvent-induced exciplex quenching is responsible for this phenomenon. On the other hand, the introduction of substituent moieties exerts no obvious influence on molecular structure, thermal stability and emitting-energy of the Cu(I) complexes, owing to their absence from inner coordination sphere. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Diamine ligands with various moieties and Cu(I) complexes are synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal structures and photophysical property are discussed in detail. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The incorporation of substituent moieties improves luminescence performance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solvent-induced exciplex quenching is suppressed by substituent moieties.

  5. Structural Characterization and Absolute Luminescence Efficiency Evaluation of Gd2O2S High Packing Density Ceramic Screens Doped with Tb3+ and Eu3+ for further Applications in Radiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dezi, Anna; Monachesi, Elenasophie; D'Ignazio, Michela; Scalise, Lorenzo; Montalto, Luigi; Paone, Nicola; Rinaldi, Daniele; Mengucci, Paolo; Loudos, George; Bakas, Athanasios; Michail, Christos; Valais, Ioannis; Fountzoula, Christine; Fountos, George; David, Stratos

    2017-11-01

    Rare earth activators are impurities added in the phosphor material to enhance probability of visible photon emission during the luminescence process. The main activators employed are rare earth trivalent ions such as Ce+3, Tb+3, Pr3+ and Eu+3. In this work, four terbium-activated Gd2O2S (GOS) powder screens with different thicknesses (1049 mg/cm2, 425.41 mg/cm2, 313 mg/cm2 and 187.36 mg/cm2) and one europium-activated GOS powder screen (232.18 mg/cm2) were studied to investigate possible applications for general radiology detectors. Results presented relevant differences in crystallinity between the GOS:Tb doped screens and GOS:Eu screens in respect to the dopant agent present. The AE (Absolute efficiency) was found to rise (i) with the increase of the X-ray tube voltage with the highest peaking at 110kVp and (ii) with the decrease of the thickness among the four GOS:Tb. Comparing similar thickness values, the europium-activated powder screen showed lower AE than the corresponding terbium-activated.

  6. Synthesis, Characterization, Luminescence and Biological Activity of Two Lanthanide Complexes Involving Mixed Ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Deyun; Guo, Haifu; Qin, Liang [Zhaoqing Univ., Zhaoqing (China); Xu, Jun [Jinan Univ., Guangzhou (China)

    2013-09-15

    Two new isostructural dinuclear complexes, Ln{sub 2}(4-cpa){sub 6}(bpy){sub 2} (Ln = Eu (1); Tb (2), 4-cpa = 4-chlorophenyl-acetate, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The lanthanide ions are bridged by two bidentate and two terdentate carboxylate groups to give centrosymmetric dimers with Ln···Ln separations of 3.967(2) and 3.956(3) A, respectively. Each metal atom is nine-coordinate and exhibits a distorted tricapped trigonal prismatic geometry. Three-dimensional fluorescence spectra show that both 1 and 2 emit bright red and green luminescence at room temperature, with long lifetimes of up to 0.369 ms (at 614 nm) and 0.432 ms (at 543 nm), respectively. Moreover, poor luminescence efficiency has been noted for complex 2. The 4-Hcpa ligand and complexes 1-2 have been screened for their phytogrowth-inhibitory activities against Brassica napus L. and Echinochloa crusgalli L., and the results are compared with the activity of quizalofop-P-ethyl.

  7. Organic luminescent materials. First results on synthesis and characterization of Alq{sub 3} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldacchini, G.; Gagliardi, S.; Montereali, R.M.; Pace, A. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Frascati, Frascati, RM (Italy). Div. Fisica Applicata; Balaji Pode, R. [Nagpur University, Nagpur (India). Dept. of Physics

    2000-07-01

    Inorganic semiconductor diodes brought a technological revolution in the field of efficient light and laser sources in the last 20 years. New development in this field are expected from organic compounds, thanks to their low cost of synthesis and the relative easiness of growth as thin films. In particular, electrically pumped luminescent devices based on organic thin layers are among the most promising systems for next generation flat panel displays and semiconductor lasers. The tris - (8-hydroxy quinoline)-aluminium complex-Alq{sub 3} - is one of the most studied electro luminescent materials. In this paper, after a short introduction regarding historical development in the field, are reported preliminary results on the growth of Alq{sub 3} films and on their optical and spectroscopic characterization. [Italian] Negli ultimi 20 anni i diodi semiconduttori hanno portato una rivoluzione tecnologica nel campo delle sorgenti luminose e laser. Un nuovo sviluppo possibile in questo campo sono i composti organici, grazie al basso costo di sintesi e la relativa facilita' di crescerli in forma di film sottile. In particolare, dispositivi luminescenti pompati elettricamente basati su film sottili di materiali organici sono promettenti per una nuova generazione di display per schermi piatti e laser a Alq{sub 3} e' uno dei materiali elettroluminescenti piu' studiati. In questo rapporto, dopo una breve introduzione sullo sviluppo storico in questo campo, presentiamo i nostri primi risultati sulla crescita e caratterizzazione ottica di film di Alq{sub 3}.

  8. Characterization, phase change and conductivity crossover of new luminescent ferroelectric Mn (II) organic-inorganic hybrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mostafa, Mohga F., E-mail: Mohga40@yahoo.com; El Dean, Thana Sh., E-mail: th_sh2000@yahoo.com; Tammam, Ahmed K., E-mail: physicsoman@yahoo.com

    2016-09-01

    Synthesis and characterization of new luminescent ferroelectric [(CH{sub 3})(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}){sub 3}P]{sub 2}MnBr{sub 4} organic-inorganic hybrid (OIH) are reported. Powder x-ray diffraction showed the following phases: {sup P2/m} {sup (280 K)} Phase (IV) {sup P21} {sup (298 K)} Phase (III) {sup Pna21} {sup (350 K)} Phase (II) {sup Pnma} {sup (370 K)} Phase (I). Room temperature lattice parameters are a = 9.6233 (Å), b = 12.5653 (Å) c = 16.4503 (Å) and β = 105.6° (T = 298 K). UV-VIS and Ac magnetic susceptibility confirm tetrahedral symmetry of [MnBr{sub 4}]{sup 2−}. DSC and dielectric measurements showed four phase transitions at T{sub 4peak} = 279.1 ± 1 K (ΔS = 1.03 J/mol K), T{sub 3peak} = 300.1 ± 2 K (ΔS = 2.33 J/mol K), T{sub 2peakt} = 353.2 ± 3 K (ΔS = 2.68 J/mol K) and T{sub 1peak} = 379.1 ± 3 K (ΔS = 2.43 J/mol K). Calculated lattice potential energy values vary from 827 (kJ/mol) at 280 K to (797 kJ/mol) at 370 K. Ac conductivity measurements (220 < T(K) < 400) and (0.081 < f (kHz) < 30) are presented. It is ferroelectric with Curie temperature T{sub c} = 309 K. Hybrid is semiconductor in the temperature range 309 ± 14 K, where conductivity follows Jonscher’s universal dielectric response otherwise it is an insulator where crossover to super-linear power law prevails. Comparison to the corresponding chloride is discussed. - Graphical abstract: Plot of real part of permittivity [ln(ε′)] versus temperature (K). - Highlights: • Conductivity crossover from SlPL to UDR is confirmed. • Change from semiconductor to insulator. • Structural phase transformation.

  9. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Luminescence Properties of a New Calcium(II Coordination Polymer Based on L-Malic Acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duraisamy Senthil Raja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new calcium coordination polymer [Ca(HL-MA]n (H3L-MA = L-malic acid has been solvothermally synthesized. The structure of the newly synthesized complex has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and further characterized by elemental analysis, reflectance UV-Vis & IR spectra, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA. The single crystal structure analysis showed that the complex forms three-dimensional framework. The new Ca(II complex has displayed very high thermal stability which was inferred from TGA and PXRD results. As far as the optical property of the new complex is concerned, the complex emitted its own characteristic sensitized luminescence.

  10. Synthesis, Characterization and Comparative Luminescence Studies of Rare-Earth-Doped Gd2O3 Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyngrope, D.; Singh, L. R.; Prasad, A. I.; Bora, A.

    2018-04-01

    A facile direct precipitation method was used for the synthesis of luminescence nanomaterial. Gd2O3 doped with rare earth element Eu3+ is synthesized by polyol route. The synthesized nanoparticles show their characteristic red emission. The nanoparticles are characterized by x-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and photoluminescence (PL) study. The synthesized nanoparticles are spherical particles with 30 nm size. The photoluminescence studies show the characteristic Eu3+ red emission. The PL study shows the intensity of the magnetic dipole transition ( 5 D0 \\to 7 F1 ) at 592 nm compared to that of the electronic dipole transition ( 5 D0 \\to 7 F2 ) at 615 nm. The nanomaterials can show significant application in various display devices and biomedical applications for tracking.

  11. Structures and luminescent properties of new uranyl-based hybrid materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Severance, R.C.; Vaughn, S.A.; Smith, M.D.; Hans-Conrad zur, Loye [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, 631 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States)

    2011-06-15

    Six uranyl coordination compounds, UO{sub 2}(OH)(PYCA) (1), UO{sub 2}(PYCA){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O).2H{sub 2}O (2), UO{sub 2}(PIC){sub 2} (3), UO{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(NIC){sub 2} (4), UO{sub 2}(OH)(HINIC)(INIC) (5), and UO{sub 2}(PYTAC){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} (6) were grown as single crystals via hydrothermal synthesis (PYCA - pyrazine-2-carboxylate, PIC - picolinate, NIC - nicotinate, INIC - iso-nicotinate, and PYTAC - 2-(pyridin-4-yl)thiazole-5-carboxylate) to study their optical properties. All six compounds have been identified via single crystal X-ray diffraction and fully characterized via powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy. Three of the complexes, 1, 3, and 6, represent new structures, and their synthesis and structural characterization is detailed within. The structures of 2, 4, and 5 have previously been reported in the literature. Coordination polymer 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pca21 (a = 13.5476(5) Angstroms, b = 6.6047(2) Angstroms, c = 8.3458(3) Angstroms), and forms infinite 1-D chains of corner-sharing uranium polyhedra connected into 2-D layers by bridging ligands. Coordination polymer 3 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group Cc (a = 8.4646(8) Angstroms, b = 13.0357(11) Angstroms, c = 11.8955(10) Angstroms, {beta} = 96.815(2) degrees), and forms ligand-bridged 1-D chains. Complex 6 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 (a = 5.6272(7) Angstroms, b = 8.9568(10) Angstroms, c = 10.4673(12) Angstroms, {alpha} 90.508(2) degrees, {beta} = 104.194(2) degrees, {gamma} = 91.891(2) Angstroms), and consists of isolated uranyl complexes connected via hydrogen bonds. The structures and luminescent properties of UO{sub 2}(OH)(PYCA) (1), UO{sub 2}(PYCA){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O).2H{sub 2}O (2), UO{sub 2}(PIC){sub 2} (3), UO{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(NIC){sub 2} (4), UO{sub 2}(OH)(HINIC)(INIC) (5), and UO{sub 2}(PYTAC){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} (6) are discussed. (authors)

  12. Structural, vibrational and luminescence properties of the (1−x)CaWO{sub 4}−xCdWO{sub 4} system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taoufyq, A. [Institut Matériaux Microélectronique et Nanosciences de Provence, Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Université de Toulon, IM2NP UMR 7334, 83957, La Garde (France); Laboratoire Matériaux et Environnement LME, Faculté des Sciences, Université Ibn Zohr, BP 8106, Cité Dakhla, Agadir, Maroc (Morocco); CEA/DEN, Département d’Études des Réacteurs, Laboratoire Dosimétrie Capteurs Instrumentation, CEA Cadarache, 13108, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Société CESIGMA, Signals and Systems, 1576 Chemin de La Planquette, 83130 La Garde (France); Guinneton, F.; Valmalette, J-C.; Arab, M. [Institut Matériaux Microélectronique et Nanosciences de Provence, Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Université de Toulon, IM2NP UMR 7334, 83957, La Garde (France); Benlhachemi, A.; Bakiz, B. [Laboratoire Matériaux et Environnement LME, Faculté des Sciences, Université Ibn Zohr, BP 8106, Cité Dakhla, Agadir, Maroc (Morocco); Villain, S. [Institut Matériaux Microélectronique et Nanosciences de Provence, Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Université de Toulon, IM2NP UMR 7334, 83957, La Garde (France); and others

    2014-11-15

    In the present work, we investigate the structural, microstructural, vibrational and luminescence properties of the system (1−x)CaWO{sub 4}−xCdWO{sub 4} with x ranging between 0 and 1. Polycrystalline samples were elaborated using a coprecipitation technique followed by thermal treatment at 1000 °C. The samples were then characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and luminescence analyses. X-ray diffraction profile analyses using Rietveld method showed that two kinds of solid solutions Ca{sub 1−x}Cd{sub x}WO{sub 4} having scheelite and wolframite structures, with respectively tetragonal and monoclinic crystal cells, were observed, with a biphasic system for compositions x=0.6 and 0.7. The scanning electron microscopy experiments showed a complex evolution of morphologies and crystallite sizes as x increased. The vibration modes of Raman spectra were characteristic of composition-dependent disordered solid solutions with decreasing wavenumbers as x increased. Luminescence experiments were performed under UV-laser light irradiation. The energies of emission bands increased linearly with cadmium composition x. The integrated intensity of luminescence reached a maximum value for the substituted wolframite phase with composition x=0.8. - Graphical abstract: Luminescence on UV excitation (364.5 nm) of (1−x)CaWO{sub 4−x}CdWO{sub 4} system, elaborated from coprecipitation technique at 1000 °C, with 0luminescence intensity for the composition x=0.8. - Highlights: • Solid solutions Ca{sub 1−x}Cd{sub x}WO{sub 4} are elaborated from coprecipitation technique. • The structures of two types of solid solutions are refined using Rietveld method. • A maximum of luminescence is obtained for an intermediate composition x=0.8.

  13. Zinc-coordinated MOFs complexes regulated by hydrogen bonds: Synthesis, structure and luminescence study toward broadband white-light emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Hui; Dan, Wenyan; Fang, Xiangdong

    2018-04-01

    Two new compounds, namely {[Zn(apc)2]·H2O}n (1) and [Zn(apc)2(H2O)2] (2), have been designed and synthesized with a multi-functional ligand 2-aminopyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (Hapc). Both compounds were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis (SC-XRD), elemental analysis (EA), infrared spectroscopy (IR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TG). In solid-state structures, 1 features a two-fold interpenetrating pillared-layer 3D framework with point symbol {83}2{86}, referring to tfa topology; while 2 exhibits a 3D framework based on super unit of Zn(apc)2(H2O)2 interconnected via hydrogen bonds. Furthermore, the luminescent properties of 1 and 2 were discussed.

  14. Mineralizer-assisted high-pressure high-temperature synthesis and characterization of novel phosphorus nitride imides and luminescent alkaline earth metal (oxo)nitridophosphates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marchuk, Alexey

    2016-01-01

    The main objectives of this thesis were the synthesis, identification and structural characterization of new alkaline earth metal (oxo)nitridophopshates and phosphorus nitrides. Furthermore, luminescence properties of the resulting materials should be investigated and a connection between these properties and the respective structures should be established. For this purpose, a range of synthesis strategies was employed, including conventional solid-state syntheses in silica ampoules and high-pressure high-temperature syntheses using the multianvil technique. The emphasis of the synthetic part of this thesis lies on the development of new synthetic strategies in order to increase crystallinity of alkaline earth metal (oxo)nitridophosphates and thus accelerate their structure determination. This involves the selection of a suitable mineralizer and the investigation of its interaction with the respective starting materials. In addition, the analytical methods applied in this thesis in order to identify and characterize the compounds are just as essential as the synthesis strategies. X-ray diffraction on single crystals and on powders was carried out as the main analytical method while being supported by quantitative and qualitative 1 H and 31 P solid-state NMR measurements, FTIR and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, as well as electron microscopy methods including both imaging and diffraction techniques. Implied by the large number of novel structures investigated, theoretical studies including topological analysis, calculations of lattice energies and bond-valence sums also played a major role in this thesis. Optical analysis methods such as reflectance spectroscopy, luminescence microscopy and photoluminescence measurements helped to determine the luminescence properties of some of the presented compounds.

  15. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of lanthanide complex with a new tetrapodal ligand featuring salicylamide arms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song Xueqin; Wen Xiaoguang; Liu Weisheng; Wang Daqi

    2010-01-01

    A new tetrapodal ligand 1,1,1-tetrakis{[(2'-(2-furfurylaminoformyl))phenoxyl]methyl}methane (L) has been prepared and their coordination chemistry with Ln III ions has been investigated. The structure of {[Ln 4 L 3 (NO 3 ) 12 ].H 2 O} ∞ (Ln=Nd, Eu)] shows the binodal 4,3-connected three-dimensional interpenetration coordination polymers with topology of a (8 6 ) 3 (8 3 ) 4 notation. [DyL(NO 3 ) 3 (H 2 O) 2 ].0.5CH 3 OH and [ErL(NO 3 ) 3 (H 2 O) (CH 3 OH)].CH 3 COCH 3 is a 1:1 mononuclear complex with interesting supramolecular features. The structure of [NdL(H 2 O) 6 ].3ClO 4 .3H 2 O is a 2:1 mononuclear complex which further self-assembled through hydrogen bond to form a three-dimensional supramolecular structures. The result presented here indicates that both subtle variation of the terminal group and counter anions can be applied in the modulation of the overall molecular structures of lanthanide complex of salicylamide derivatives due to the structure specialties of this type of ligand. The luminescence properties of the Eu III complex are also studied in detail. - Grapical Abstract: We present here a series of zero- to three-dimensional lanthanide coordination structures and luminescence properties of Eu(III) complex of a new tetrapodal ligand.

  16. A comparative study of the structure and luminescence of mono- and dinuclear crown-ether lanthanide complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Keyla M.N. de [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, S/N – Dois Irmãos, 52171-900 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Batista, Hélcio J., E-mail: helciojb@gmail.com [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, S/N – Dois Irmãos, 52171-900 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Belian, Mônica F. [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, S/N – Dois Irmãos, 52171-900 Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil); Silva, Wagner E. [Unidade Acadêmica do Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, 54510-000 Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Pernambuco (Brazil); Silva, Juliana A.B. da [Centro Acadêmico do Agreste, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 55002-970 Caruaru, Pernambuco (Brazil)

    2016-02-15

    Using as precursor the mononuclear lanthanide (Ln) macrocyclic complex, based on the 15-crown-5 ether (C) ligand and coordinated water (W) molecules, [LnCW{sub 4}]{sup 3+}, four novel analogous complexes for each of the three Ln(III) ions (Ln=Eu, Tb and Gd) were synthesized through systematic substitution of water molecules by the antenna-type ligands: 2,2′-dipyridyl (D), 1,10-phenanthroline (P) and 2,2′;6',2′′-terpyridine (T). The corresponding formulae of the complexes, obtained in a trichloride salt form, were the following: [LnCW{sub 4}]{sup 3+}, [LnCP{sub 2}]{sup 3+}, [LnCDW]{sup 3+}, [LnCDP]{sup 3+}, and [LnCT]{sup 3+}. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, UV and infrared spectroscopy and investigated through luminescence spectroscopy. For the Eu(III) and Tb(III) complex series, the most luminescent ones were [EuCDP]{sup 3+} and [TbCT]{sup 3+}, respectively. Motivated by this fact, two dinuclear analogous Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes, based on the two-site coordinating macrocyclic ligand lariat-silacrown ether (S), as well as analogous Gd(III) complexes, were obtained as hexachloride salts with the following formulae: [Eu{sub 2}SD{sub 2}P{sub 2}]{sup 6+}, [Gd{sub 2}SD{sub 2}P{sub 2}]{sup 6+}, [Tb{sub 2}ST{sub 2}]{sup 6+} and [Gd{sub 2}ST{sub 2}]{sup 6+}. Also, [Eu{sub 2}SW{sub 8}]{sup 6+}, [Tb{sub 2}SW{sub 8}]{sup 6+} and [Gd{sub 2}SW{sub 8}]{sup 6+} complexes were prepared and used as reference non-antenna type dinuclear compounds. Comparing the luminescence between the antenna mononuclear complexes with the analogous dinuclear ones, for Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions, almost no change was observed. On the other hand, in the particular case of Eu(III), comparing the mono- and dinuclear non-antenna reference complexes [EuCW{sub 4}]{sup 3+} and [Eu{sub 2}SW{sub 8}]{sup 6+}, a surprisingly much higher luminescence intensity was observed for the dinuclear complex (~ one order of magnitude). The proposed cause for this behavior is the

  17. luminescence properties

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Chemistry, Bozok University, Yozgat 66900, Turkey. 2Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Erciyes ... synthesized by the conventional solid-state reaction method, their crystal structures and luminescence properties were investigated. X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) ...

  18. Two-step excitation structure changes of luminescence centers and strong tunable blue emission on surface of silica nanospheres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Lei, E-mail: nanoyang@qq.com; Jiang, Zhongcheng; Dong, Jiazhang; Zhang, Liuqian [Hunan University, College of Materials Science and Engineering (China); Pan, Anlian, E-mail: anlian.pan@gmail.com; Zhuang, Xiujuan [Hunan University, Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province (China)

    2015-10-15

    We report a scheme for investigating two-step stimulated structure change of luminescence centers. Amorphous silica nanospheres with uniform diameter of 9–15 nm have been synthesized by Stöber method. Strong hydroxyl-related infrared-absorption band is observed in infrared spectrum. The surface hydroxyl groups exert great influence on the luminescent behavior of silica. They provide stable and intermediate energy states to accommodate excitation electrons. The existence of these surface states reduces the energy barrier of photochemical reactions, creating conditions for two-step excitation process. By carefully examining excitation and emission process, the nearest excitation band is absent in both optical absorption spectrum and excitation spectrum. This later generated state confirms the generation of new luminescence centers as well as the existence of photochemical reactions. Stimulated by different energies, two-step excitation process impels different photochemical reactions, prompting generation of different lattice defects on surface area of silica. Thereby, tunable luminescence is achieved. After thermal treatment, strong gap excitation band appears with the disappearance of strong surface excitation band. Strong blue luminescence also disappears. The research is significance to precise introducing structural defects and controlling position of luminescence peaks.

  19. Synthesis, characterization, photoluminescence and cytotoxic properties of novel luminescent Eu(III)complexes based on chromone Schiff base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saif, M.; El-Shafiy, Hoda F.; Mashaly, Mahmoud M.; Eid, Mohamed F.; Nabeel, A. I.; Fouad, R.

    2018-06-01

    Three novel Eu(III) phosphor complexes, [Eu(HL)(OH2)2(C2H5OH)](NO3)2 (1), [Eu(HL)(Bpy)(NO3)2(EtOH)] (2) and [Eu(HL)(Phen)(NO3)2(H2O)] (3) (HL = (11E)-2-hydroxy-N/-((4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide; Bpy = 2,2/-bibyridyl and Phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) were prepared. Elemental, thermal, FT-IR and XRD methods were used to characterize their structural configuration. The HL behaves as a monoanionic tridentate ligand. The XRD analysis shows that the ligand and its Eu3+complexes are in nano domain. From fluorescence spectroscopy, all the prepared complexes are highly luminescent, having an impressive visual emission under UV excitation. The H2L and its Eu3+nano-complexes (1-3) were tested for their in vitro cytotoxicity against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma cell line (EAC). The Eu(III) nano-complexes (1-3) effectively inhibited EAC growth with IC50 value of 25 μM. The high antitumor activity of the Eu(III) nano-complexes (1-3) were attributed to its chemical structure, and nano size properties.

  20. Synthesis and Characterization of Fluoro- and Chlorobimetallic Alkoxides as Precursors for Luminescent Metal Oxide Materials via Sol-Gel Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ATHAR, Taimur; SEOK, Sang II; KWON, Jeong Oh

    2007-01-01

    Heterobimetallic alkoxides are broadly recognized as versatile precursors for luminescence materials, and efforts are being made to develop novel routes by applying the concept of geometrical molecular design, for their synthesis and to design a single source precursor suited to photoluminescent materials. Novel and new series of bimetallic alkoxides has been prepared by metathesis route. They exhibit a lower sensitivity towards hydrolysis and so they are easier to handle as compared to other alkoxides. All the compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and multinuclear NMR spectroscopies. FT-IR revealed that the molecular structure of these metal spectroscopy provided useful information about chemical shifts for better understanding the likely structure based on interactions with their coordinate metals. The mass spectra show similar types of fragmentation pattern.SEM-EDS analyses showed consistency with the formulation. XRD patterns show an enhanced homogeneity at high temperature. TGA measurements show that thermal decomposition occured in steps that depended entirely on the chemical compositions and the synthesis routes. SEM observation reveals that the morphology and particle size strongly depend on synthesis routes for their precursors.

  1. Structure, luminescence, and dynamics of Eu2O3 nanoparticles in MCM-41

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Wei; Joly, Alan G.; Kowalchuk, George A.; Malm, Jan-Olle; Huang, Yining; Bovin, Jan-Olov

    2001-01-01

    The structure, luminescence spectroscopy, and lifetime decay dynamics of Eu2O3 nanoparticles formed in MCM-41 have been investigated. Both X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscope observations indicate that Eu2O3 nanoparticles of monoclinic structure are formed inside channels of MCM-41 by heating at 140 C. However, heat treatment at 600 and 700 C causes migration of Eu2O3 from the MCM-41 channels forming nanoparticles of cubic structure outside of the MCM-41 channels. The feature of the hypersensitive 5D0? 7F2 emission profile of Eu3+ is used to follow the structural changes. Photoluminescence lifetimes show the existence of short (< 1 microsecond) and long (microsecond to millisecond) components for each sample. The fast decay is attributed to quenching by surface states of the nanoparticles or energy transfer to the MCM-41 while the longer time decays show the effects of concentration quenching. The monoclinic sample prepared at 140 C shows a higher luminescence intensity than the cubic samples or the bulk powder

  2. Temperature dependent structural, luminescent and XPS studies of CdO:Ga thin films deposited by spray pyrolysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moholkar, A.V.; Agawane, G.L.; Sim, Kyu-Ung; Kwon, Ye-bin; Choi, Doo Sun; Rajpure, K.Y.; Kim, J.H.

    2010-01-01

    Research highlights: → The CdO:Ga thin films seems an alternative to traditional TCO materials used in photovoltaic applications. This work deals the effect of deposition temperature on sprayed CdO:Ga films with respect to the structural, luminescent and XPS studies. → The crystalline quality of the GCO films improves with deposition temperature. → The oxygen vacancies are responsible for n-type conductivity and green emission. → The minimum resistivity, highest carrier concentration and mobility are 1.9 x 10 -4 Ω cm, 11.7 x 10 21 cm -3 and 27.64 cm 2 V -1 s -1 , respectively. - Abstract: The structural, compositional, photoluminescent and XPS properties of CdO:Ga thin films deposited at temperatures ranging from 275 to 350 o C, using spray pyrolysis are reported. X-ray diffraction characterization of as-deposited GCO thin films reveals that films are of cubic structure with a (2 0 0) preferred orientation. The crystalline quality of the GCO films improves and the grain size increases with deposition temperature. The EDS analyses confirm oxygen deficiency present in the film and are responsible for n-type conductivity. The photoluminescence spectra demonstrated that the green emission peaks of CdO thin films are centered at 482 nm. The relative intensity of these peaks is strongly dependent on the deposition temperature. Oxygen vacancies are dominant luminescent centers for green emission in CdO thin films. The XPS measurement shows the presence of Cd, Ga, O and C elements and confirms that CdO:Ga films are cadmium-rich.

  3. Optical parameters of ITO/TPD/Alq3/Al luminescent structures, containing arrays of CdSe/ZnS colloidal quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhailov, I. I.; Tarasov, S. A.; Lamkin, I. A.; Tadtaev, P. O.; Kozlovich, L. I.; Solomonov, A. V.; Stepanov, E. M.

    2016-08-01

    The luminescent organic ITO/TPD/Alq3/Al structures and CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QD) arrays were created. Electrical and optical properties of the samples were examined. The luminescence of the layers and QD arrays was shown in the range of wavelengths from 400 to 680 nm. Luminescent structures with phosphors corresponding to the emission standards with CRI>98 and with color temperature of 5500 K and 6504 K were created.

  4. Ligand-assisted fabrication, structure, and luminescence properties of Fe:ZnSe quantum dots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie, Ruishi; Zhang, Xingquan; Liu, Haifeng

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • A green route is developed for synthesis of water-soluble and fluorescent Fe:ZnSe quantum dots. • Tunable luminescence intensity can be realized with different ligand-to-Zn molar ratios. • The obtained quantum dots are in the so-called “quantum confinement regime”. -- Abstract: Here, we report a synthetic route for highly emissive Fe:ZnSe quantum dots in aqueous media using the mercaptoacetic acid ligand as stabilizing agent. The structural, morphological, componential, and optical properties of the resulting quantum dots were explored by the X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence and UV–visible absorption spectroscopies. The average crystallite size was calculated to be about ca., 4.0 nm using the Scherrer equation, which correlates well with the value obtained from the transmission electron microscopy analysis. The obtained water-soluble Fe:ZnSe quantum dots in the so-called “quantum confinement regime” are spherical shaped, possess the cubic sphalerite crystal structure, and exhibit tunable luminescence properties. The presence of mercaptoacetic acid on the surface of Fe:ZnSe quantum dots was confirmed by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. As the ligand/Zn molar ratio increases from 1.3 to 2.8, there is little shift in the absorption peak of the Fe:ZnSe sample, indicating that the particle size of the obtained quantum dots is not changed during the synthetic process. The photoluminescence quantum yield of the as-prepared water-soluble Fe:ZnSe quantum dots can be up to 39%. The molar ratio of ligand-to-Zn plays a crucial role in determining the final luminescence properties of the resulting quantum dots, and the maximum PL intensity appears as the ligand-to-Zn molar ratio is 2.2. In addition, the underlying mechanism for

  5. Ligand-assisted fabrication, structure, and luminescence properties of Fe:ZnSe quantum dots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie, Ruishi, E-mail: rxie@foxmail.com; Zhang, Xingquan; Liu, Haifeng

    2014-03-15

    Highlights: • A green route is developed for synthesis of water-soluble and fluorescent Fe:ZnSe quantum dots. • Tunable luminescence intensity can be realized with different ligand-to-Zn molar ratios. • The obtained quantum dots are in the so-called “quantum confinement regime”. -- Abstract: Here, we report a synthetic route for highly emissive Fe:ZnSe quantum dots in aqueous media using the mercaptoacetic acid ligand as stabilizing agent. The structural, morphological, componential, and optical properties of the resulting quantum dots were explored by the X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence and UV–visible absorption spectroscopies. The average crystallite size was calculated to be about ca., 4.0 nm using the Scherrer equation, which correlates well with the value obtained from the transmission electron microscopy analysis. The obtained water-soluble Fe:ZnSe quantum dots in the so-called “quantum confinement regime” are spherical shaped, possess the cubic sphalerite crystal structure, and exhibit tunable luminescence properties. The presence of mercaptoacetic acid on the surface of Fe:ZnSe quantum dots was confirmed by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. As the ligand/Zn molar ratio increases from 1.3 to 2.8, there is little shift in the absorption peak of the Fe:ZnSe sample, indicating that the particle size of the obtained quantum dots is not changed during the synthetic process. The photoluminescence quantum yield of the as-prepared water-soluble Fe:ZnSe quantum dots can be up to 39%. The molar ratio of ligand-to-Zn plays a crucial role in determining the final luminescence properties of the resulting quantum dots, and the maximum PL intensity appears as the ligand-to-Zn molar ratio is 2.2. In addition, the underlying mechanism for

  6. Characterization of optically stimulated luminescence for assessment of breast doses in mammography screening

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alothmany, N.; Jiman, A.; Molla, N.I.; Natto, H.; Tayeb, M.; Nadwi, F.; Yusuf, M.; Alothmany, D.; Kinsara, A.A.; Saoudi, A.; Mail, N.; Khafaji, M.A.

    2016-01-01

    Landauer optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) technology nanoDot dosimeters (OSLDs) are characterized for use in mammography screening at various tube voltages, mAs values and target/filter combinations. The average glandular dose (AGD) for a 50-mm breast, based on the representative compressed breast thickness of a 45-mm polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) phantom, is assessed using OSLDs with different beam conditions. Further, the linearity of the OSLD response is measured and angular dependence tests are performed for various tube potentials, mAs and target/filter combinations. The breast-absorbed doses are measured at various depths for a 32-kVp X-ray beam at 100 mAs, with a Mo/Rh target/filter combination. The measured incident air kerma values at different lateral positions exhibit a maximum deviation of 6%, and the average relative response of the OSLDs at the reference point (center) with respect to various lateral positions is found to be 1.001 ± 0.09%. The calculated AGD values are in the 1.3 ± 0.1-3.5 ± 0.2 mGy range, depending on the tube potential, tube loading and target/filter combinations. An exposure setup featuring the auto-exposure control (AEC) mode, 28 kVp, 73.8 mAs, and a Mo/Rh target/filter combination may be preferred for mammography screening for a compressed breast thickness of 45 mm. (authors)

  7. The origin of luminescence from di[4-(4-diphenylaminophenyl)phenyl]sulfone (DAPSF), a blue light emitter: an X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Duo; Zhang, Hui; Zhang, Xiaohong; Sham, Tsun-Kong; Hu, Yongfeng; Sun, Xuhui

    2016-03-07

    The electronic structure and optical properties of di[4-(4-diphenylaminophenyl)phenyl]sulfone (denoted as DAPSF), a highly efficient fluorophor, have been investigated using X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy at excitation energies across the C, N, O K-edges and the sulfur K-edge. The results indicate that the blue luminescence is mainly related to the sulfur functional group.

  8. Structural and luminescence studies on Dy{sup 3+} doped lead boro–telluro-phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selvi, S. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram 624302 (India); Venkataiah, G. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Arunkumar, S.; Muralidharan, G. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram 624302 (India); Marimuthu, K., E-mail: mari_ram2000@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram 624302 (India)

    2014-12-01

    This paper reports results obtained on the structural and luminescence properties of Dy{sup 3+}doped lead boro−telluro-phosphate glasses prepared following the melt quenching technique. FTIR spectra exhibit the presence of B−O vibrations, P−O−P symmetric vibrations and Te−O stretching modes of TeO{sub 3} and TeO{sub 6} units. The metal–ligand bond was identified through UV−vis−NIR absorption spectra and to determine the band tailing parameter, direct and indirect band gap energy of the prepared glasses. The Judd−Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters (Ω{sub 2}, Ω{sub 4} and Ω{sub 6}), experimental and theoretical oscillator strengths were also determined and reported. Luminescence measurements were made to determine the transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub P}{sup E}) and branching ratio (β{sub R}) for the transitions that include {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 11/2}, {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} and {sup 6}H{sub 15/2} bands. The effect of Dy{sup 3+} ion concentration on the intensity ratio of yellow to blue emission bands has also been studied and reported. The lifetime corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} level of the title glasses has been found to decrease with the increase in Dy{sup 3+} ion concentration. The chromaticity coordinates (x,y) have been estimated from the luminescence spectra and the suitability of title glasses for white light applications has been analyzed using CIE chromaticity diagram. The variation of optical properties with the concentration of dysprosium oxide content in the glasses have been studied and reported.

  9. Structural and luminescence studies on Dy3+ doped lead boro-telluro-phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvi, S.; Venkataiah, G.; Arunkumar, S.; Muralidharan, G.; Marimuthu, K.

    2014-12-01

    This paper reports results obtained on the structural and luminescence properties of Dy3+doped lead boro-telluro-phosphate glasses prepared following the melt quenching technique. FTIR spectra exhibit the presence of B-O vibrations, P-O-P symmetric vibrations and Te-O stretching modes of TeO3 and TeO6 units. The metal-ligand bond was identified through UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra and to determine the band tailing parameter, direct and indirect band gap energy of the prepared glasses. The Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6), experimental and theoretical oscillator strengths were also determined and reported. Luminescence measurements were made to determine the transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross-section (σPE) and branching ratio (βR) for the transitions that include 4F9/2→6H11/2, 6H13/2 and 6H15/2 bands. The effect of Dy3+ ion concentration on the intensity ratio of yellow to blue emission bands has also been studied and reported. The lifetime corresponding to the 4F9/2 level of the title glasses has been found to decrease with the increase in Dy3+ ion concentration. The chromaticity coordinates (x,y) have been estimated from the luminescence spectra and the suitability of title glasses for white light applications has been analyzed using CIE chromaticity diagram. The variation of optical properties with the concentration of dysprosium oxide content in the glasses have been studied and reported.

  10. [Structure and luminescence properties of Ga2O3 : Cr3+ by Al doping].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xian-Sheng; Wan, Min-Hua; Wang, Yin-Hai; Zhao, Hui; Hu, Zheng-Fa; Li, Hai-Ling

    2013-11-01

    The Al doping gallate phosphor (Ga(1-x)Al(x))2O3 : Cr3+ (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5) was synthesized by a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffractions show that the phase of the phosphors remains to be Ga2 O3 structure with increase in the contents of Al3+ ion. Beside, the fact that the X-ray diffraction peak shifts towards big angles with increasing Al3+ ions content shows that Al3+ ions entered the Ga2 O3 lattice. The peaks of the excitation spectra located at 258, 300, 410 and 550 nm are attributed to the band to band transition of the matrix, charge transfer band transition, and 4A2 --> 4T1 and 4A2 --> 4T2 transition of Cr3+ ions, respectively. Those excitation spectrum peak positions show different degrees of blue shift with the increase in the Al3+ ions content. The blue shift of the first two peaks are due to the band gap energy of substrate and the electronegativity between Cr3+ ions and ligands increasing, respectively. The blue shift of the energy level transition of Cr3+ ion is attributed to crystal field strength increasing. The Cr3+ ion luminescence changes from a broadband emission to a narrow-band emission with Al3+ doping, because the emission of Cr3+ ion changed from 4 T2 --> 4A2 to 2E --> 4A2 transition with the crystal field change after Al3+ ions doping. The Al3+ ions doping improved the long afterglow luminescence properties of samples, and the sample showed a longer visible near infrared when Al3+ ions content reaches 0.5. The thermoluminescence curve shows the sample with suitable trap energy level, and this is also the cause of the long afterglow luminescence materials.

  11. Luminescence and energy transfer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blasse, G; Bleijenberg, K C; Powell, R C

    1980-01-01

    This paper deals with the luminescence of uranate centres in solids. The luminescence properties are influenced by the coordination number of the hexavalent uranium ion and by the crystallographic surroundings of the uranate centre. Transitions playing a role in the luminescence processes within the octahedral UO/sub 6//sup 6 -/ group are discussed using the results from both theoretical and experimental studies on another octahedral uranium complex: UF/sub 6/. The luminescence of the octahedral uranate group in oxidic compounds is discussed. Attention is paid to the vibrational structure, which is observed in the luminescence spectra at low temperatures and to the temperature quenching of the luminescence. The temperature quenching of the uranate luminescence in uranium-doped tungstates with ordered perovskite structure can be described in terms of a three state single configurational coordinate diagram. The complicated luminescence spectra of uranium-activated sodium fluoride (NaF-U) crystals have been unraveled using chemical variation of the crystal compositions and using site selective laser excitation techniques. Four different luminescent uranate centres have been observed in NaF-U. A model for the configurations of the luminescent centres has been deduced using the results from ionic conductivity experiments.

  12. Structural and luminescence properties of GaN nanowires grown using cobalt phthalocyanine as catalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Shivesh; Rodríguez-Fernández, Carlos; de Lima, Mauricio M.; Cantarero, Andres; Dhar, Subhabrata

    2015-12-01

    Catalyst free methods have usually been employed to avoid any catalyst induced contamination for the synthesis of GaN nanowires with better transport and optical properties. Here, we have used a catalytic route to grow GaN nanowires, which show good optical quality. Structural and luminescence properties of GaN nanowires grown by vapor-liquid-solid technique using cobalt phthalocyanine as catalyst are systematically investigated as a function of various growth parameters such as the growth temperature and III/V ratio. The study reveals that most of the nanowires, which are several tens of microns long, grow along [ 10 1 ¯ 0 ] direction. Interestingly, the average wire diameter has been found to decrease with the increase in III/V ratio. It has also been observed that in these samples, defect related broad luminescence features, which are often present in GaN, are completely suppressed. At all temperatures, photoluminescence spectrum is found to be dominated only by a band edge feature, which comprises of free and bound excitonic transitions. Our study furthermore reveals that the bound excitonic feature is associated with excitons trapped in certain deep level defects, which result from the deficiency of nitrogen during growth. This transition has a strong coupling with the localized vibrational modes of the defects.

  13. Obtainment and characterization of pure and doped gadolinium oxy ortho silicates with terbium III, precursor of luminescent silicates with sulphur

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simoneti, J.A.

    1992-01-01

    Silicate and sulfide lattices are uniquely efficient luminescent materials to excitation by cathodic rays and furthermore the cathodoluminescence study of these compounds have been few investigated. In this work it has been prepared, characterized and investigated some spectroscopic properties of pure and Tb a+ - activated Gd 2 Si O 3 system and it has been tried to substitute oxygen by sulphur in order to obtain this or sulfide-silicate lattices. Products were characterized by vibrational infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction patterns and electronic emission in UV-VIS region. (author)

  14. Structure and luminescence spectra of lutetium and yttrium borates synthesized from ammonium nitrate melt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klassen, Nikolay V.; Shmurak, Semion Z.; Shmyt'ko, Ivan M.; Strukova, Galina K.; Derenzo, Stephen E.; Weber, Marvin J.

    2005-01-01

    Lutetium and yttrium borates doped with europium, terbium, gadolinium, etc. have been synthesized by dissolving initial oxides and nitrates in ammonium nitrate melt and thermal decomposition of the solvent. Annealings in the range of 500-1100 deg. C modified the dimensions of the grains from 2 to 3 nm to more than 100 nm. Significant dependence of the structure of lutetium borate on slight doping with rare earth ions has been found: terbium makes high-temperature vaterite phase preferential at room temperature, whereas europium stabilizes low-temperature calcite phase. Influence of the structure of the borates on the pattern of the luminescence spectra of europium dopant was observed. Possibilities for manufacturing of scintillating lutetium borate ceramics by means of this method of synthesis are discussed

  15. Structure and luminescence spectra of lutetium and yttrium borates synthesized from ammonium nitrate melt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klassen, Nikolay V.; Shmurak, Semion Z.; Shmyt'ko, Ivan M.; Strukova, Galina K.; Derenzo, Stephen E.; Weber, Marvin J.

    2005-01-01

    Lutetium and yttrium borates doped with europium, terbium, gadolinium, etc. have been synthesized by dissolving initial oxides and nitrates in ammonium nitrate melt and thermal decomposition of the solvent. Annealings in the range of 500-1100°C modified the dimensions of the grains from 2 to 3 nm to more than 100 nm. Significant dependence of the structure of lutetium borate on slight doping with rare earth ions has been found: terbium makes high-temperature vaterite phase preferential at room temperature, whereas europium stabilizes low-temperature calcite phase. Influence of the structure of the borates on the pattern of the luminescence spectra of europium dopant was observed. Possibilities for manufacturing of scintillating lutetium borate ceramics by means of this method of synthesis are discussed.

  16. Luminescencestructure relationships in MYP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} (M=K, Rb, Cs)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watras, A., E-mail: A.Watras@int.pan.wroc.pl [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, PAS, Okolna 2, 50-422 Wroclaw (Poland); Boutinaud, P. [Université Clermont Auvergne, SIGMA Clermont, Institut de Chimie de Clermont-Ferrand, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand (France); Pązik, R.; Dereń, P.J. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, PAS, Okolna 2, 50-422 Wroclaw (Poland)

    2016-07-15

    In this work we present the series of MYP{sub 2}O{sub 7} phosphates doped with 3% of Eu{sup 3+} ions. All samples were prepared using wet-chemistry methods. The structural properties were characterized by XRD and Raman spectroscopy. The detailed spectroscopic properties like emission spectra at 10 and 300 K, VUV excitation spectra, luminescence kinetics and luminescence temperature quenching were performed to determine the influence of alkali metal ion. In MYP{sub 2}O{sub 7} compounds, the Eu{sup 3+} ions enter two different sites – one with C{sub 1} symmetry (Y{sup 3+} sites) and one with S{sub 4} site (M{sup +} site). All phosphors have a broad charge transfer (CT) absorption band located in the UV region (200–250 nm). The ratio between CT and 4f–4f bands is decreasing with increasing the alkali metal ion size. The mechanisms responsible of luminescence temperature quenching are thermalization of higher lying {sup 5}D{sub J} levels, energy transfer between two nearby Eu{sup 3+} sites and non-radiative losses on defects in the host lattices.

  17. X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES) of Calcium L3,2 Edges of Various Calcium Compounds and X-Ray Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL) Studies of Luminescent Calcium Compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ko, J. Y. Peter; Zhou Xingtai; Sham, T.-K.; Heigl, Franziskus; Regier, Tom; Blyth, Robert

    2007-01-01

    X-ray absorption at calcium L3,2 edges of various calcium compounds were measured using a high resolution Spherical Grating Monochromator (SGM) at the Canadian Light Source (CLS). We observe that each compound has its unique fine structure of L3,2 edges. This uniqueness is due to differences in local structure of compounds. We also performed (X-ray Excited Optical Luminescence) XEOL of selected luminescent calcium compounds to investigate their optical properties. XEOL is a photon-in-photon-out technique in which the optical luminescence that is excited by tunable x-rays from a synchrotron light source is monitored. Depending on excitation energy of the x-ray, relative intensities of luminescence peaks vary. Recent findings of the results will be presented here

  18. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structures, and luminescent properties of a series of new lanthanide oxalatophosphonates with a layer architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yan-Yu; Sun, Zhen-Gang; Tong, Fei; Liu, Zhong-Min; Huang, Cui-Ying; Wang, Wei-Nan; Jiao, Cheng-Qi; Wang, Cheng-Lin; Li, Chao; Chen, Kai

    2011-05-28

    Eleven new lanthanide oxalatophosphonate hybrids with a 2D layered structures, namely, [Ln(H(3)L)(C(2)O(4))]·2H(2)O (Ln = La-Dy, Er and Y, H(4)L = C(6)H(5)CH(2)N(CH(2)PO(3)H(2))(2)), have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and structurally characterized by X-ray single-crystal diffraction, X-ray powder diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. Compounds 1-11 are isomorphous and they exhibit a 2D framework structure. Two {LnO(8)} polyhedra and four {CPO(3)} tetrahedra are interconnected into a unit via corner-sharing, and the so-built units are bridged by the oxalate anions into a layer. The result of connections in this manner is the formation of a 24-atom window. The thermal stabilities and guest desorption-sorption properties of compounds 1-11 have been investigated. The luminescent properties of compounds 5, 6, 8 and 9 have also been studied.

  19. Luminescence and structural properties of RbGdS.sub.2./sub. compounds doped by rare earth elements

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jarý, Vítězslav; Havlák, Lubomír; Bárta, J.; Mihóková, Eva; Nikl, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 35, č. 6 (2013), s. 1226-1229 ISSN 0925-3467 R&D Projects: GA TA ČR TA01011017 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : luminescence * X-ray diffraction * crystal structure * optical materials * ternary sulfides * rare earth s doping Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers Impact factor: 2.075, year: 2013

  20. Novel lanthanide doped micro- and mesoporous solids. Characterization of ion-host-interactions, species distribution and luminescence properties using time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy; Neuartige Lanthanoid-dotierte mikro- und mesoporoese Feststoffe. Charakterisierung von Ion-Wirt-Wechselwirkungen, Speziesverteilung und Lumineszenzeigenschaften mittels zeitaufgeloester Lumineszenzspektroskopie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gessner, Andre

    2010-12-15

    In this work lanthanide-doped microporous zeolites, microporous-mesoporous hybrid materials and mesoporous silicates were investigated regarding their luminescence properties and the ion-host-interactions using time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy. Thereby, time-resolved emission spectra (TRES) provide information in the wavelength and time domain. For the analysis of the TRES a broad set of analytic methods was applied and thus a corresponding ''toolbox'' developed. Fitting of the luminescence decays was performed with a discrete number of exponentials and supported by luminescence decay times distributions. Time-resolved area normalized emission spectra (TRANES), an advancement of TRES, could be used for the determination of the number of emissive lanthanide species in porous materials for the first time. Calculation of the decay-associated spectra (DAS) allowed the correlation of spectral information with luminescence decay times and thus delivered the luminescence spectra of the different europium species. For europium(III) we could use in addition the time-dependent asymmetry ratio and spectral evolution of the {sup 5}D{sub 0}-{sup 7}F{sub 0}-transition with time to obtain further information about the distribution of the lanthanide ions in the host material. Luminescence decay times and spectra allowed conclusions on the number of OH-oscillators in and the symmetry of the first coordination sphere. For the microporous and microporous-mesoporous materials were found different lanthanide species, which were characterized by the above mentioned methods. These lanthanide species can be found on different positions in the host material. One position is located deep in the pore system. Here, lanthanide ions are hardly accessible for water and mainly coordinated by framework oxygens. This results in long luminescence decay times and distorted coordination spheres. The second position can be found near or on the outer surface or in the

  1. Structural and luminescence properties of Mn2+ ions doped calcium zinc borophosphate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wan, Ming Hua; Wong, Poh Sum; Hussin, Rosli; Lintang, Hendrik O.; Endud, Salasiah

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • FT-IR revealed that the network structures are from borate and phosphate network. • The PL spectrum exhibits a green emission band at 582 nm ( 4 T 1g → 6 A 1g ). • As the concentration of Mn 2+ ions is increased, the emission band had been red shifted. • These glasses are found to have potential applications as luminescent optical materials. - Abstract: Calcium zinc borophosphate glasses (CaZnBP) doped with various concentrations of Mn 2+ ions and borate and phosphate as variable were prepared using conventional melt quenching technique. The structure of obtained glasses were examined by means of use: X-ray diffraction (XRD) and fourier transform infrared (FT-IR). XRD analysis confirmed amorphous nature of glass samples. The FT-IR spectra reveals the presence of both borate and phosphate vibrational modes in the prepared glasses. The doping of Mn 2+ ions (2–10 mol%) shows no significant changes in the main IR vibrational bands. Optical properties were studied by measuring the near infrared photoluminescence (PL) spectra. CaZnBP glasses exhibited intense green emission peak (582 nm) (tetrahedral symmetry), which is assigned to a transition from the upper 4 T 1g → 6 A 1g ground state of Mn 2+ ions. As the concentration of Mn 2+ ions increases, the emission band increases from 582 nm to 650 nm and exhibited a red light emission (octahedral symmetry). The decay curves of 4 T 1g level were examined for all concentrations and the measured lifetimes are found to depend strongly on Mn 2+ concentrations. From the emission characteristic parameters of 6 A 1g (S) level, it shows that the CaZnBP glasses could have potential applications as luminescent optical materials, visible lasers and fluorescent display devices

  2. Synthesis, structure, theoretical studies and luminescent properties of a ternary erbium(III) complex with acetylacetone and bathophenanthroline ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martín-Ramos, Pablo [CEMDRX, Department of Physics, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Advanced Materials Laboratory, ETSIIAA, Universidad de Valladolid, Avenida de Madrid 44, 34004 Palencia (Spain); Silva, Pedro S. Pereira, E-mail: psidonio@pollux.fis.uc.pt [CEMDRX, Department of Physics, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Chamorro-Posada, Pedro [Higher Technical School of Telecommunications Engineering, Universidad de Valladolid, Campus Miguel Delibes, Paseo Belén 15, 47011 Valladolid (Spain); Silva, Manuela Ramos [CEMDRX, Department of Physics, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Milne, Bruce F. [Centre for Computational Physics, Department of Physics, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Donostia International Physics Centre, Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal 4, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián (Spain); Nogueira, Fernando [Centre for Computational Physics, Department of Physics, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Martín-Gil, Jesús [Advanced Materials Laboratory, ETSIIAA, Universidad de Valladolid, Avenida de Madrid 44, 34004 Palencia (Spain)

    2015-06-15

    A novel erbium(III) complex with acetylacetone (Hacac) and bathophenanthroline (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, bath) ligands, formulated as [Er(acac){sub 3}(bath)], has been characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, absorption and emission spectroscopies. In the theoretical part of this study, semi-empirical quantum chemistry methods using AM1, PM3, PM6 and PM7 models have been employed to predict the structure of the complex, calculate the geometric and crystallographic parameters, and make comparisons with spectroscopic data using INDO/S-CI calculations. Real-time time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) has also been used to calculate the optical absorption spectrum of the complex in the gas phase. - Highlights: • Synthesis and structure of a new erbium(III) β-diketonate complex. • TDDFT used for the first time to calculate the optical absorption spectrum. • Complex show strong near-infrared luminescence at 1.53 µm due to antenna effect.

  3. Synthesis, structure, theoretical studies and luminescent properties of a ternary erbium(III) complex with acetylacetone and bathophenanthroline ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martín-Ramos, Pablo; Silva, Pedro S. Pereira; Chamorro-Posada, Pedro; Silva, Manuela Ramos; Milne, Bruce F.; Nogueira, Fernando; Martín-Gil, Jesús

    2015-01-01

    A novel erbium(III) complex with acetylacetone (Hacac) and bathophenanthroline (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, bath) ligands, formulated as [Er(acac) 3 (bath)], has been characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, absorption and emission spectroscopies. In the theoretical part of this study, semi-empirical quantum chemistry methods using AM1, PM3, PM6 and PM7 models have been employed to predict the structure of the complex, calculate the geometric and crystallographic parameters, and make comparisons with spectroscopic data using INDO/S-CI calculations. Real-time time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) has also been used to calculate the optical absorption spectrum of the complex in the gas phase. - Highlights: • Synthesis and structure of a new erbium(III) β-diketonate complex. • TDDFT used for the first time to calculate the optical absorption spectrum. • Complex show strong near-infrared luminescence at 1.53 µm due to antenna effect

  4. Characterization and Luminescence Properties of Color-Tunable Dy3+-Doped BaY2ZnO5 Nanophosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonika; Khatkar, S. P.; Khatkar, Avni; Kumar, Rajesh; Taxak, V. B.

    2015-01-01

    Dy3+-doped BaY2ZnO5 nanophosphors were successfully synthesized by use of a solution combustion process. The effects of sintering temperature and dysprosium concentration on the structural and luminescence characteristics of the phosphors were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the formation of pure orthorhombic BaY2ZnO5 with the space group Pbnm at 1100°C. Morphological investigation revealed spherical nanoparticles with smooth surfaces. The luminescence features of the nanophosphor were studied by use of photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and photoluminescence emission (PL), with luminescence decay curves and color ( x, y) coordinates. On excitation at 355 nm, BaY2ZnO5 nanophosphor doped with trivalent dysprosium ion emits white light as a mixture of blue (4F9/2 → 6H15/2) and yellow (4F9/2 → 6H13/2) emission. Concentration quenching is explained on the basis of cross-relaxation between intermediate Dy3+ states. Thus, BaY2ZnO5:Dy3+ nanophosphor may be suitable for producing efficient white light for ultraviolet-light-emitting diodes (UV-LEDs), fluorescent lamps, and a variety of optical display panels.

  5. Structural and luminescence studies of Ho{sup 3+}-doped zinc-aluminium-sodium-phosphate (ZANP) glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brahmachary, K.; Rajesh, D.; Ratnakaram, Y. C., E-mail: ratnakaramsvu@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517502 (India)

    2015-06-24

    Trivalent holmium doped zinc-aluminium-sodium-phosphate (ZANP) glasses were prepared by conventional melt-quenching technique and characterized for their structural and luminescence properties. The amorphous nature, elemental analysis and thermal stability of the glasses were studied by using X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectrum and differential scanning calorimetry analysis, respectively. The absorption and fluorescence spectra have been recorded at room temperature. Based on the absorption spectra, the Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative parameters such as spontaneous transition probabilities (A{sub R}), branching ratios (β{sub R}), radiative lifetimes (τ{sub R}) were calculated and discussed. From the emission spectra emission peak positions (λ{sub P}), effective bandwidths (Δλ{sub eff}) and stimulated emission cross-sections (σ{sub P}) were calculated for the observed emission transitions,{sup 5}S{sub 2} ({sup 5}F{sub 4}→{sup 5}I{sub 8}) and {sup 5}F{sub 5}→{sup 5}I{sub 8} in all the glass samples. The stimulated emission cross-section is higher for ZANPHo10 glass matrix and so it may be useful for laser excitation.

  6. Structural, physicochemical characterization and antimicrobial ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Structural, physicochemical characterization and antimicrobial activities of a new Tetraaqua ... Antimicrobial activity of 1 was tested. ... was prepared as good quality yellow single crystals .... at 540 nm. Increase of OD was compared to control.

  7. Structural and luminescence properties of Gd{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce prepared by solution combustion followed by heat treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinde, Seema; Pitale, Shreyas; Singh, S.G.; Ghosh, M.; Tiwari, B.; Sen, S.; Gadkari, S.C., E-mail: gadkari@barc.gov.in; Gupta, S.K.

    2015-05-05

    Highlights: • Synthesis of triclinic and orthorhombic phases of Gd{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce by a two step process. • Method involves solution combustion followed by a post heat treatment. • Ce concentration is found to affect the orthorhombic phase formation temperature. • First time reporting a double exponential decay in nano sized Gd{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce. - Abstract: A method comprising solution combustion followed by a heat treatment has been employed to synthesize cerium doped gadolinium pyrosilicate (Gd{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce, or GPS:Ce) compounds. The powder obtained after the combustion was annealed at 1200 °C for 4 h and 1600 °C for 3 h to synthesize triclinic and orthorhombic phases of the GPS, respectively. Structural and morphological characterizations of the synthesized compounds were carried out using X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) techniques. A change in the enthalpy was observed in the differential thermal analysis data as a consequence of triclinic to orthorhombic phase transition in the GPS. Luminescence spectra and fluorescence decay time were measured at room temperature to characterize emission centers created in GPS compounds doped with trivalent rare earth ion (Ce{sup 3+}). The triclinic GPS:Ce phase exhibited photoluminescence peaks at 379 nm and 410 nm while for the orthorhombic phase emissions at 353 nm and 380 nm were observed. A multi-component exponential decay pattern of the luminescence is observed for both the GPS:Ce phases. In addition, samples of the orthorhombic GPS:Ce were found to exhibit X-ray excited luminescence (XEL)

  8. Luminescent lanthanide complexes with 4-acetamidobenzoate: Synthesis, supramolecular assembly via hydrogen bonds, crystal structures and photoluminescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yin Xia; Fan Jun; Wang Zhihong; Zheng Shengrun; Tan Jingbo; Zhang Weiguang

    2011-01-01

    Four new luminescent complexes, namely, [Eu(aba) 2 (NO 3 )(C 2 H 5 OH) 2 ] (1), [Eu(aba) 3 (H 2 O) 2 ].0.5 (4, 4'-bpy).2H 2 O (2), [Eu 2 (aba) 4 (2, 2'-bpy) 2 (NO 3 ) 2 ].4H 2 O (3) and [Tb 2 (aba) 4 (phen) 2 (NO 3 ) 2 ].2C 2 H 5 OH (4) were obtained by treating Ln(NO 3 ) 3 .6H 2 O and 4-acetamidobenzoic acid (Haba) with different coligands (4, 4'-bpy=4, 4'-bipyridine, 2, 2'-bpy=2, 2'-bipyridine, and phen=1, 10-phenanthroline). They exhibit 1D chains (1-2) and dimeric structures (3-4), respectively. This structural variation is mainly attributed to the change of coligands and various coordination modes of aba molecules. Moreover, the coordination units are further connected via hydrogen bonds to form 2D even 3D supramolecular networks. These complexes show characteristic emissions in the visible region at room temperature. In addition, thermal behaviors of four complexes have been investigated under air atmosphere. The relationship between the structures and physical properties has been discussed. - Graphical abstract: Structure variation of four complexes is attributed to the change of coligands and various coordination modes of aba molecules. Moreover, they show characteristic emissions in the visible region. Highlights: → Auxiliary ligands have played the crucial roles on the structures of the resulting complexes. → Isolated structure units are further assembled via H-bonds to form supramolecular networks. → These solid-state complexes exhibit strong, characteristic emissions in the visible region.

  9. Determination of molecular structures of aromatic hydrocarbons of crystal fractions of Noriysk crude by a series of luminescent-spectral methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogloblina, A.I.; Alekseyeva, T.A.; Barabadze, Sh.Sh.; Melikadze, L.D.; Teplitskaya, T.A.

    1979-01-01

    The structure of crystalline aromatic hydrocarbons isolated from the high boiling fraction (540-560 degrees) of Noriysk crude was studied using methods of luminescent-spectral analysis. The individual composition of the crystalline aromatic hydrocarbons was analyzed by a combination of fine structure luminescent spectroscopy and spectrofluorimetric methods in frozen matrices using spectra of fluorescence, phosphorescence and excitation of luminescence. The composite method used at 77 K is very effective and allows detailed characteristics of the molar-group composition of complex mixtures of petroleum aromatic hydrocarbons to the point of identification of individual components.

  10. Crystal structures and luminescence of two cadmium-carboxylate cluster-based compounds with mixed ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Hui-Fang; Lei, Qian; Wang, Yu-Ling; Yin, Shun-Gao; Liu, Qing-Yan [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Key Lab. of Functional Small Organic Molecule of Ministry of Education, Jiangxi Normal Univ., Nanchang (China)

    2017-04-04

    Reactions of Cd(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O with 2-quinolinecarboxylic acid (H-QLC) in the presence of 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (H{sub 2}-BDC) or 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (H-BTC) in DMF/H{sub 2}O solvent afforded two compounds, namely, [Cd(QLC)(BDC){sub 1/2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1) and [Cd(QLC)(BTC){sub 1/3}]{sub n} (2). Both compounds are two-dimensional (2D) frameworks but feature different cadmium-carboxylate clusters as a result of the presence of the polycarboxylate ligands with different geometries and coordination preference. The dinuclear Cd{sub 2}(QLC){sub 2} units in 1 are bridged by the pairs of bridging water ligands to give a one-dimensional (1D) chain, which is further linked by the second ligand of BDC{sup 2-} to form a 2D structure. Compound 2 is constructed from unique hexanuclear macrometallacyclic Cd{sub 6}(QLC){sub 6} clusters, which are linked by the surrounding BTC{sup 3-} ligands to generate a 2D structure. Photoluminescence studies showed both compounds exhibit ligand-centered luminescent emissions with emission maxima at 405 and 401 nm, respectively. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  11. Structural and luminescence properties of Mn{sup 2+} ions doped calcium zinc borophosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wan, Ming Hua, E-mail: wanminghua819@gmail.com [Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Wong, Poh Sum, E-mail: pohsumwong@gmail.com [Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Hussin, Rosli, E-mail: roslihussin@utm.my [Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Lintang, Hendrik O., E-mail: hendrik@ibnusina.utm.my [Catalytic Science and Technology (CST) Research Group, Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Endud, Salasiah, E-mail: salasiah@kimia.fs.utm.my [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor (Malaysia)

    2014-05-15

    Highlights: • FT-IR revealed that the network structures are from borate and phosphate network. • The PL spectrum exhibits a green emission band at 582 nm ({sup 4}T{sub 1g} → {sup 6}A{sub 1g}). • As the concentration of Mn{sup 2+} ions is increased, the emission band had been red shifted. • These glasses are found to have potential applications as luminescent optical materials. - Abstract: Calcium zinc borophosphate glasses (CaZnBP) doped with various concentrations of Mn{sup 2+} ions and borate and phosphate as variable were prepared using conventional melt quenching technique. The structure of obtained glasses were examined by means of use: X-ray diffraction (XRD) and fourier transform infrared (FT-IR). XRD analysis confirmed amorphous nature of glass samples. The FT-IR spectra reveals the presence of both borate and phosphate vibrational modes in the prepared glasses. The doping of Mn{sup 2+} ions (2–10 mol%) shows no significant changes in the main IR vibrational bands. Optical properties were studied by measuring the near infrared photoluminescence (PL) spectra. CaZnBP glasses exhibited intense green emission peak (582 nm) (tetrahedral symmetry), which is assigned to a transition from the upper {sup 4}T{sub 1g} → {sup 6}A{sub 1g} ground state of Mn{sup 2+} ions. As the concentration of Mn{sup 2+} ions increases, the emission band increases from 582 nm to 650 nm and exhibited a red light emission (octahedral symmetry). The decay curves of {sup 4}T{sub 1g} level were examined for all concentrations and the measured lifetimes are found to depend strongly on Mn{sup 2+} concentrations. From the emission characteristic parameters of {sup 6}A{sub 1g} (S) level, it shows that the CaZnBP glasses could have potential applications as luminescent optical materials, visible lasers and fluorescent display devices.

  12. Electron beam induced coloration and luminescence in layered structure of WO3 thin films grown by pulsed dc magnetron sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karuppasamy, A.; Subrahmanyam, A.

    2007-01-01

    Tungsten oxide thin films have been deposited by pulsed dc magnetron sputtering of tungsten in argon and oxygen atmosphere. The as-deposited WO 3 film is amorphous, highly transparent, and shows a layered structure along the edges. In addition, the optical properties of the as-deposited film show a steplike behavior of extinction coefficient. However, the electron beam irradiation (3.0 keV) of the as-deposited films results in crystallization, coloration (deep blue), and luminescence (intense red emission). The above changes in physical properties are attributed to the extraction of oxygen atoms from the sample and the structural modifications induced by electron bombardment. The present method of coloration and luminescence has a potential for fabricating high-density optical data storage device

  13. C8-structured carbon quantum dots: Synthesis, blue and green double luminescence, and origins of surface defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xifang, Chen; Wenxia, Zhang; Qianjin, Wang; Jiyang, Fan

    Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have attracted great attention in the past few years due to their low cytotoxicity, exploited various synthesis methods, unexampled abundance of raw materials on earth, and robust near-infrared to near-UV luminescence. Carbon nanoparticles have applications in biological labeling, delivery of drugs and biological molecules into cells, and light emitting diodes and lasing. CQDs generally exist as nanodiamonds or graphite quantum dots according to previous research reports. In this study, we report the first synthesis of the third-allotrope CQDs through carbonization of sucrose and study their luminescence properties. These CQDs have a body-centered cubic structure and each lattice point is composed of eight atoms which form a sub-cube (so called C8 crystal structure). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction confirm the C8 structure of the synthesized carbon nanocrystallites with an average size of 2 nm. The C8 CQDs exhibit double-band luminescence with two peaks centered at around 432 and 520 nm. The study based on the photoluminescence, UV-Vis absorption, Fourier-transform infrared, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies reveals that the green emission originates from the C=O related surface defect.

  14. Characterization of luminescent praseodymium-doped ZrO{sub 2} coatings deposited by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos-Brito, F [Laboratorio de Materiales Optoelectronicos, DiDe, Centro de Ciencias de Sinaloa, Av. De las Americas No. 2771 Nte. Col. Villa Universidad, C.P. 80010 Culiacan, Sinaloa (Mexico); Garcia-Hipolito, M [Departamento de Materiales Metalicos y Ceramicos, Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 70-360 Coyoacan 04510 DF (Mexico); Alejo-Armenta, C [Laboratorio de Materiales Optoelectronicos, DiDe, Centro de Ciencias de Sinaloa, Av. De las Americas No. 2771 Nte. Col. Villa Universidad, C.P. 80010 Culiacan, Sinaloa (Mexico); Alvarez-Fragoso, O [Departamento de Materiales Metalicos y Ceramicos, Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 70-360 Coyoacan 04510 DF (Mexico); Falcony, C [Departamento de Fisica, CINVESTAV-IPN, Apdo. Postal 14-740, 07000 DF (Mexico)

    2007-11-07

    ZrO{sub 2} : Pr films were synthesized by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis process. X-ray diffraction studies, as a function of the deposition temperature, indicate a tetragonal crystal structure of zirconia as the substrate temperature was increased. Luminescence (photo- and cathodoluminescence) properties of the films were studied as a function of growth parameters such as the substrate temperature and the praseodymium concentration. For an excitation wavelength of 290 nm, all the photoluminescent emission spectra show peaks located at 490, 510, 566, 615, 642, 695, 718, 740 and 833 nm, associated with the electronic transitions {sup 3} P{sub 0} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 4}, {sup 3}P{sub 0} {yields} {sup 3} H{sub 4}, {sup 3}P{sub 1} + {sup 1}I{sub 6} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 5}, {sup 1}D{sub 2} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 4}, {sup 3} P{sub 0} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 6}, {sup 1}D{sub 2} {yields} {sup 3} H{sub 5}, {sup 1}D{sub 2} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 5}, {sup 3} P{sub 0} {yields} {sup 3}F{sub 3,4} and {sup 1}D{sub 2} {yields} {sup 3} F{sub 2} of the Pr{sup 3+} ion. As the deposition temperature is increased, an increasing intensity of the luminescence emission is observed. Also, quenching of the luminescence, with increasing doping concentration, is observed. The chemical composition of the films as determined by energy dispersive spectroscopy is reported as well. In addition, the surface morphology characteristics of the films, as a function of the deposition temperature, are presented.

  15. Synthesis, electronic structure and luminescent properties of a new red-emitting phosphor GdBiW2O9:Eu3+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Zhi; Zhou, Weiwei; Zhao, Wang; Zhang, Hao; Hu, Qichang; Xu, Xuee

    2017-10-01

    Red phosphor of GdBiW2O9:Eu3+ was prepared by solid-state reaction method. The phase purity and structure of the samples were characterized by XRD. The electronic structures of GdBiW2O9 host were estimated by DFT calculation. The PLE and PL spectra were also investigated. The optimal luminescent properties of GdBiW2O9:Eu3+ phosphors were obtained at 900 °C with 40 mol% of Eu3+ concentration. The phosphors can be excited efficiently by 396 nm NUV light and emit intense red light peaking at 618 nm. The results indicate GdBiW2O9:Eu3+ can act as a potential red-emitting phosphor for LEDs application.

  16. Crystal structures and luminescence properties of two Cd(II) complexes based on 2-(1H-imidazol-1methyl)-6-methyl-1H-benzimidazole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Yuhong; Meng, Xiangru; Wen, Yu; Li, Peng; Ma, Lin; Zhang, Qiuju

    2015-01-01

    Two new complexes, {[Cd(immb)I 2 ].DMF} n (1) and {[Cd 3 (immb)(btc) 2 ]. H 2 O} n (2) (immb = 2-(1H-imidazol- 1-methyl)-6-methyl-1H-benzimidazole, btc = 1,2,3-benzenetricarboxylate, DMF = dimethyl formamide), have been synthesized and characterized. Single crystal X-ray diffraction shows that 1 exhibits a chain structure constructed by immb ligands bridging Cd(II) ions. In 2, Cd(II) ions are linked by immb ligands with bridging mode and btc3- anions with the μ 2 -η 2 :η 1 bonding pattern leading to a 2D structure. Luminescent properties have been investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  17. Metal-organic and supramolecular networks driven by 5-chloronicotinic acid: Hydrothermal self-assembly synthesis, structural diversity, luminescent and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gao, Zhu-Qing, E-mail: zqgao2008@163.com [School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030021 (China); Li, Hong-Jin [School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030021 (China); Gu, Jin-Zhong, E-mail: gujzh@lzu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zhang, Qing-Hua [School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030021 (China); Kirillov, Alexander M. [Centro de Química Estrutural, Complexo I, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049–001 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2016-09-15

    Four new crystalline solids, namely [Co{sub 2}(µ{sub 2}-5-Clnic){sub 2}(µ{sub 3}-5-Clnic){sub 2}(µ{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Co(5-Clnic){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]·2(5-ClnicH) (2), [Pb(µ{sub 2}-5-Clnic){sub 2}(phen)]{sub n} (3), and [Cd(5-Clnic){sub 2}(phen){sub 2}]·3H{sub 2}O (4) were generated by hydrothermal self-assembly methods from the corresponding metal(II) chlorides, 5-chloronicotinic acid (5-ClnicH) as a principal building block, and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) as an ancillary ligand (optional). All the products 1–4 were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, thermogravimetric (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Their structures range from an intricate 3D metal-organic network 1 with the 3,6T7 topology to a ladder-like 1D coordination polymer 3 with the 2C1 topology, whereas compounds 2 and 4 are the discrete 0D monomers. The structures of 2 and 4 are further extended (0D→2D or 0D→3D) by hydrogen bonds, generating supramolecular networks with the 3,8L18 and ins topologies, respectively. Synthetic aspects, structural features, thermal stability, magnetic (for 1) and luminescent (for 3 and 4) properties were also investigated and discussed. - Graphical abstract: A new series of crystalline solids was self-assembled and fully characterized; their structural, topological, luminescent and magnetic features were investigated. Display Omitted.

  18. Analysis of structure origin and luminescence properties of Yb(3+)-Er(3+) co-doped fluorophosphate glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fangze; Jing, Xufeng; Wei, Tao; Wang, Fengchao; Tian, Ying; Xu, Shiqing

    2014-08-14

    The near infrared luminescence properties of Yb(3+)-Er(3+) co-doped fluorophosphate glasses have been investigated. The various effects on structure and 1.53 μm emission were analyzed as a function of Yb(3+) concentration. The energy transfer mechanism was proposed. High measured lifetime (10.75 ms), large effective full widths at half maximum (73.71 nm) and large gain per unit length (62.8 × 10(-)(24)cm(2)s) have been achieved in prepared glass. The present glass co-doped with 6mol% YbF3 and 2 mol% ErF3 showed magnificent luminescence properties for telecommunication application. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Physical, structural and luminescence investigation of Eu3+-doped lithium-gadolinium bismuth-borate glasses for LEDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaman, F.; Rooh, G.; Srisittipokakun, N.; Wongdeeying, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2018-06-01

    The aim of the current report is to fabricate Eu3+-doped glasses with the chemical composition of 50Li2O-15Gd2O3-5Bi2O3-(30-x)B2O3-xEu2O3 (where x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mol%), with the help of conventional melt quenching technique. The fabricated glasses have been studied with help of physical, structural and luminescence properties for application of LEDs. The structural properties were investigated by XRD and FTIR spectra. Physical properties have been measured. Direct and indirect optical energy band gap (Eg) have been calculated and found to be increasing with Eu2O3 concentration. Luminescence spectra have been observed from photo and radioluminescence spectra and found in good agreement with each other, however the concentration quenching was not determined for the samples. The high-covalence and asymmetric nature was confirmed from Photoluminescence emission and RL emission transition as well as from the higher values of luminescence intensity ratio. The JO parameters have been found for the better performance of lasing materials. The lifetime's data have been found to be decreasing from 1.64 to 1.50 ms, which is the confirmation of energy transfer in Eu3+ ions through cross relaxations. From the calculated properties it has been suggested that the present glass samples might be good for red-light emitting devices.

  20. Influence of surface functionalization on structural and photo-luminescence properties of CeF{sub 3}:Tb nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ansari, Anees A., E-mail: aneesaansari@gmail.com

    2017-07-01

    Graphical abstract: We designed highly aqueous dispersible CeF{sub 3}:Tb@LaF{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles. The epitaxial growth of inert LaF{sub 3} shell and further amorphous silica, respectively, enhanced their optical and luminescence properties, which is highly usable for luminescent biolabeling, and optical bio-probe etc. - Abstract: Highly luminescent and aqueous soluble CeF{sub 3}:Tb (core),CeF{sub 3}:Tb@LaF{sub 3}(core/shell) and CeF{sub 3}:Tb@LaF{sub 3}@ SiO{sub 2} (core/shell/Si) nanoparticles(NPs) with mean particle size 12 nm were prepared by co-precipitation method at low temperature. X-ray diffraction pattern verified the phase purity, high crystallinity of hexagonal structure. The TEM image and SAED pattern revealed the single phase polycrystalline nature, well-dispersed irregular shaped hexagonal structure. FTIR spectra show the characteristic infrared peaks of silica, it suggests the successful silica surface coating around the core/shell NPs. The excitation and emission intensity of core/shell NPs were remarkably increased then their counterpart core NPs. It implies that a significant amount of nonradiative transition centers existing on the surface of core NPs has been eliminated due to the formation of passivated LaF{sub 3} layer. The silica surface modification over the core/shell NPs strikingly enhanced the solubility character in an aqueous environment.

  1. Effect of ultrasound treatment on the morpho-structural and luminescent characteristics of cerium doped yttrium silicate phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muresan, L.E., E-mail: laura_muresan2003@yahoo.com [“Raluca Ripan” Institute for Research in Chemistry, Babeş Bolyai University, Fântânele 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Cadis, A.I.; Perhaita, I. [“Raluca Ripan” Institute for Research in Chemistry, Babeş Bolyai University, Fântânele 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Silipas, D.T. [National Institute for R& D of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Donath 67-103, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Tudoran, L. Barbu [Electronic Microscopy Centre, Babeş Bolyai University, Clinicilor 37, 400006 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce is prepared by gel combustion in ultrasound conditions (US). • Morpho-structural characteristics are revealed based on FTIR, SEM, XRD, BET. • Incorporation of Ce{sup 3+} in X1/X2 type centers depends on preparative conditions. • US treatment increases the luminescent performances up to 151%. - Abstract: Cerium activated yttrium silicate (Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce) phosphors were prepared by gel-combustion, using yttrium–cerium nitrate as oxidizer, aspartic acid as fuel and TEOS as source of silicon. Two modalities for samples preparation were approached namely: the classical gel-combustion and sonication gel-combustion. The ultrasound treatment during the gelling stage has a positive effect on the structural and luminescent characteristics of the final product. Therefore, a well crystallized single X2–Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} phase phosphor was obtained at 1200 °C. Based on FT-IR and XRD investigations, conversion of X1 to X2–Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} phases is observed as the firing temperature is varied (1100 °C, 1200 °C, 1300 °C 1400 °C). The ultrasound treatment leads to smaller particle size and enhances the luminescent performances up to 151% in comparison with samples prepared by classical way.

  2. Piezoelectric and deformation potential effects of strain-dependent luminescence in semiconductor quantum well structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Aihua; Peng, Mingzeng; Willatzen, Morten

    2017-01-01

    The mechanism of strain-dependent luminescence is important for the rational design of pressure-sensing devices. The interband momentum-matrix element is the key quantity for understanding luminescent phenomena. We analytically solved an infinite quantum well (IQW) model with strain, in the frame......The mechanism of strain-dependent luminescence is important for the rational design of pressure-sensing devices. The interband momentum-matrix element is the key quantity for understanding luminescent phenomena. We analytically solved an infinite quantum well (IQW) model with strain......, in the framework of the 6 × 6 k·p Hamiltonian for the valence states, to directly assess the interplay between the spin-orbit coupling and the strain-induced deformation potential for the interband momentum-matrix element. We numerically addressed problems of both the infinite and IQWs with piezoelectric fields...... to elucidate the effects of the piezoelectric potential and the deformation potential on the strain-dependent luminescence. The experimentally measured photoluminescence variatio½n as a function of pressure can be qualitatively explained by the theoretical results....

  3. Features of the core-valence luminescence and electron energy band structure of A1-xCsxCaCl3 (A = K,Rb) crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chornodolskyy, Ya; Stryganyuk, G; Syrotyuk, S; Voloshinovskii, A; Rodnyi, P

    2007-01-01

    From luminescence spectroscopy of CsCaCl 3 , Rb 1-x Cs x CaCl 3 and K 1-x Cs x CaCl 3 crystals, we have found evidence for intrinsic and impurity core-valence luminescence due to the radiative recombination of valence electrons with the holes of intrinsic or impurity 5p Cs + core states. The structural similarity of core-valence luminescence spectra has been revealed for the A 1-x Cs x CaCl 3 (A = K,Rb) crystals investigated. The electron energy structure of the CsCaCl 3 crystal has been calculated using the pseudopotential approach taking into account the gradient corrections for the exchange-correlation energy. The calculated density of the electronic states of CsCaCl 3 has been compared with corresponding parameters obtained from the analysis of core-valence luminescence spectra

  4. Luminescence of LiH(D):Ru monocrystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sabirzyanov, A.A.; Oparin, D.V.; Pilipenko, G.I.; Gavrilov, F.F.

    1993-01-01

    Luminescence of lithium hydride (deuteride) activated by ruthenium is recorded for the first time. The features connected with the structure and oscillations of the basic lattice are detected in luminescence spectrum. The qualitative model of luminescence spectrum is suggested

  5. Structural characterization of electrodeposited boron

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Structural characterization of electrodeposited boron was carried out by using transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Electron diffraction and phase contrast imaging were carried out by using transmission electron microscopy. Phase identification was done based on the analysis of electron diffraction ...

  6. Characterization of Injection Molded Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sun, Ling; Søgaard, Emil; Andersen, Nis Korsgaard

    for different applications. We show how to correlate the structures of the polymer replicas with respect to their functionalities. Furthermore, we introduce how we coordinate with all partners in the “Nanoplast” project, and how we utilize the existing facilities of each method to understand structure......Microscopy has been widely applied to understand surface structures of solid samples. According to the instrumental methodology, there are different microscopy methods: optical microscopy, electron microscopy, and scanning probe microscopy (SPM). These microscopy methods have individual advantages...... and limitations. Therefore, it would be difficult to characterize complex, especially hierarchical structures by using only one method. Here we present a combined optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and scanning probe microscopy study on injection molded structures. These structures are used...

  7. The luminescence properties of the octahedral uranate group in oxides with perovskite structure, ch. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hair, J.Th.W. de

    1976-01-01

    This chapter describes how the luminescence properties of the octahedral uranate group are influenced by the chemical constitution of its environment. Especially the quenching temperature of the emission is very sensitive. It is stronger influenced by the nature of the neighbouring B cations in the [100] direction than by the A cations in the [111] direction. This variation of the quenching temperature as a function of the chemical constitution of the host lattice is discussed in terms of a configurational coordinate model. The luminescence properties of uranium-activated oxides A 2+ La 3+ B + B'O 6 are also discussed. Remarkably enough in SrLaNaWO 6 -U the luminescence originates from UO 2 2+ groups. (Auth.)

  8. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Luminescent Property of Cd (II Complex with N-Benzenesulphonyl-L-leucine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xishi Tai

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A new trinuclear Cd (II complex [Cd3(L6(2,2-bipyridine3] [L = N-phenylsulfonyl-L-leucinato] has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. The results show that the complex belongs to the orthorhombic, space group P212121 with a = 16.877(3 Å, b = 22.875(5 Å, c = 29.495(6 Å, α = β = γ = 90°, V = 11387(4 Å3, Z = 4, Dc= 1.416 μg·m−3, μ = 0.737 mm−1, F (000 = 4992, and final R1 = 0.0390, ωR2 = 0.0989. The complex comprises two seven-coordinated Cd (II atoms, with a N2O5 distorted pengonal bipyramidal coordination environment and a six-coordinated Cd (II atom, with a N2O4 distorted octahedral coordination environment. The molecules form one dimensional chain structure by the interaction of bridged carboxylato groups, hydrogen bonds and p-p interaction of 2,2-bipyridine. The luminescent properties of the Cd (II complex and N-Benzenesulphonyl-L-leucine in solid and in CH3OH solution also have been investigated.

  9. Luminescence nanothermometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaque, Daniel; Vetrone, Fiorenzo

    2012-07-01

    The current status of luminescence nanothermometry is reviewed in detail. Based on the main parameters of luminescence including intensity, bandwidth, bandshape, polarization, spectral shift and lifetime, we initially describe and compare the different classes of luminescence nanothermometry. Subsequently, the various luminescent materials used in each case are discussed and the mechanisms at the root of the luminescence thermal sensitivity are described. The most important results obtained in each case are summarized and the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches are discussed.The current status of luminescence nanothermometry is reviewed in detail. Based on the main parameters of luminescence including intensity, bandwidth, bandshape, polarization, spectral shift and lifetime, we initially describe and compare the different classes of luminescence nanothermometry. Subsequently, the various luminescent materials used in each case are discussed and the mechanisms at the root of the luminescence thermal sensitivity are described. The most important results obtained in each case are summarized and the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches are discussed. This work was supported by the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (Project S2009/MAT-1756), by the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (MAT2010-16161) and by Caja Madrid Foundation.

  10. Synthesis, characterization and luminescence studies of gold(I–NHC amide complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Gómez-Suárez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A flexible, efficient and straightforward methodology for the synthesis of N-heterocyclic carbene gold(I–amide complexes is reported. Reaction of the versatile building block [Au(OH(IPr] (1 (IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimidazol-2-ylidene with a series of commercially available (heteroaromatic amines leads to the synthesis of several [Au(NRR’(IPr] complexes in good yields and with water as the sole byproduct. Interestingly, these complexes present luminescence properties. UV–vis and fluorescence measurements have allowed the identification of their excitation and emission wavelengths (λmax. These studies revealed that by selecting the appropriate amine ligand the emission can be easily tuned to achieve a variety of colors, from violet to green.

  11. Synthesis and characterization of the europium (III) complex as an organic luminescent material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhuo Zuliang; Zhang Fujun; Xu Zheng; Lu Lifang; Li Junming; Wang Yongsheng; Lv Yuguang

    2010-01-01

    The red emission organic material Eu(coumarin) 3 ·2H 2 O complex was synthesized and its morphology, energy level alignment and luminescence characteristics were studied by using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, cyclic voltammetry and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. Eu(coumarin) 3 ·2H 2 O shows bright red emission originating from Eu 3+ ions under 345 nm light excitation. The luminescence lifetime of Eu 3+ in this complex is about 580 μs. To improve the quality of Eu(coumarin) 3 ·2H 2 O thin films, Eu(coumarin) 3 ·2H 2 O was doped with a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) solution. The organic materials 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) and aluminum quinoline (Alq 3 ) were used as hole-blocking and electron-transporting layers in our fabricated electroluminescence (EL) devices on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates, respectively. The EL devices ITO/poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly-(styrenesulphonic acid) (PEDOT:PSS)/emitting layer (PVK:Eu)/BCP/Alq 3 /Al were fabricated, and EL spectra were measured under different driving voltages. There is one emission peaking at 490 nm in addition to the characteristic emission peaks of Eu 3+ , which should be attributed to the spectral overlap between the PVK emission and electroplex emission originating from PVK and BCP interfaces. This explanation can be positively supported by the dependence of the EL spectral variation of ITO/ PVK/BCP/Alq 3 /Al devices on the driving voltage.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of the europium (III) complex as an organic luminescent material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuo, Zuliang; Zhang, Fujun; Lv, Yuguang; Xu, Zheng; Lu, Lifang; Li, Junming; Wang, Yongsheng

    2010-11-01

    The red emission organic material Eu(coumarin)3·2H2O complex was synthesized and its morphology, energy level alignment and luminescence characteristics were studied by using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, cyclic voltammetry and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. Eu(coumarin)3·2H2O shows bright red emission originating from Eu3+ ions under 345 nm light excitation. The luminescence lifetime of Eu3+ in this complex is about 580 μs. To improve the quality of Eu(coumarin)3·2H2O thin films, Eu(coumarin)3·2H2O was doped with a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) solution. The organic materials 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) and aluminum quinoline (Alq3) were used as hole-blocking and electron-transporting layers in our fabricated electroluminescence (EL) devices on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates, respectively. The EL devices ITO/poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly-(styrenesulphonic acid) (PEDOT:PSS)/emitting layer (PVK:Eu)/BCP/Alq3/Al were fabricated, and EL spectra were measured under different driving voltages. There is one emission peaking at 490 nm in addition to the characteristic emission peaks of Eu3+, which should be attributed to the spectral overlap between the PVK emission and electroplex emission originating from PVK and BCP interfaces. This explanation can be positively supported by the dependence of the EL spectral variation of ITO/ PVK/BCP/Alq3/Al devices on the driving voltage.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of the europium (III) complex as an organic luminescent material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhuo Zuliang; Zhang Fujun; Xu Zheng; Lu Lifang; Li Junming; Wang Yongsheng [Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Optical Information (Beijing Jiaotong University), Ministry of Education, Beijing 100044 (China); Lv Yuguang, E-mail: fjzhang@bjtu.edu.c [The Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomaterials, College of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi 154007 (China)

    2010-11-15

    The red emission organic material Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O complex was synthesized and its morphology, energy level alignment and luminescence characteristics were studied by using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, cyclic voltammetry and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O shows bright red emission originating from Eu{sup 3+} ions under 345 nm light excitation. The luminescence lifetime of Eu{sup 3+} in this complex is about 580 {mu}s. To improve the quality of Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O thin films, Eu(coumarin){sub 3{center_dot}}2H{sub 2}O was doped with a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) solution. The organic materials 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) and aluminum quinoline (Alq{sub 3}) were used as hole-blocking and electron-transporting layers in our fabricated electroluminescence (EL) devices on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates, respectively. The EL devices ITO/poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly-(styrenesulphonic acid) (PEDOT:PSS)/emitting layer (PVK:Eu)/BCP/Alq{sub 3}/Al were fabricated, and EL spectra were measured under different driving voltages. There is one emission peaking at 490 nm in addition to the characteristic emission peaks of Eu{sup 3+}, which should be attributed to the spectral overlap between the PVK emission and electroplex emission originating from PVK and BCP interfaces. This explanation can be positively supported by the dependence of the EL spectral variation of ITO/ PVK/BCP/Alq{sub 3}/Al devices on the driving voltage.

  14. Crystal structure and luminescence properties of a novel red-emitting phosphor BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Wanping, E-mail: cwp0918@aliyun.com; Zhou, Ahong; Liu, Yan; Dai, Xiaoyan; Yang, Xin

    2014-12-15

    A series of novel red-emitting phosphors BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2}:xEu{sup 3+} (0.001≤x≤0.08) were first synthesized via a high temperature solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectroscopy were used to characterize the crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of the phosphor, respectively. The phosphor can be effectively excited with a 395 nm light, and shows a dominant {sup 5}D{sub 0}−{sup 7}F{sub 2} emission with chromatic coordination of 0.628 and 0.372. The optimal doping concentration is about 0.04. Rietveld refinement results and the luminescence behavior of Eu{sup 3+} indicate that the Eu{sup 3+} ion occupies a C{sub 3} symmetry site, and the host BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2} has a hexagonal structure with P-6 space group. In addition, the phosphor could be a potential candidate as red-emitting phosphor for application in white light-emitting diode. - Graphical abstract: The luminescence behavior and Rietveld refinement of BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} indicate that the red-emitting phosphor has potential application in white LED and the host has a hexagonal structure with P-6 space group. - Highlights: • A novel red-emitting phosphor BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} is first synthesized. • The crystal structure of BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2} is confirmed. • The phosphor shows potential application in white LED.

  15. A series of novel lanthanide carboxyphosphonates with a 3D framework structure: synthesis, structure, and luminescent and magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kai; Dong, Da-Peng; Sun, Zhen-Gang; Jiao, Cheng-Qi; Li, Chao; Wang, Cheng-Lin; Zhu, Yan-Yu; Zhao, Yan; Zhu, Jiang; Sun, Shou-Hui; Zheng, Ming-Jing; Tian, Hui; Chu, Wei

    2012-08-28

    By introduction of 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid as the second organic ligand, a series of novel lanthanide carboxyphosphonates with a 3D framework structure, namely, [Ln(3)(H(2)L)(HL)(2)(bdc)(2)(H(2)O)]·7H(2)O (Ln = La (1), Ce (2), Pr (3), Nd (4), Sm (5), Eu (6), Gd (7), Tb (8); H(3)L = H(2)O(3)PCH(2)NC(5)H(9)COOH; H(2)bdc = HOOCC(6)H(4)COOH) have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Compounds are isostructural and feature a 3D framework in which Ln(III) polyhedra are interconnected by bridging {CPO(3)} tetrahedra into 2D inorganic layers parallel to the ab plane. The organic groups of H(2)L(-) are grafted on the two sides of the layer. These layers are further cross-linked by the bdc(2-) ligands from one layer to the Ln atoms from the other into a pillared-layered architecture with one-dimensional channel system along the a axis. The thermal stability of compounds has been investigated. Luminescent properties of compounds , and the magnetic properties of compound have also been studied.

  16. Structural characterization of silver nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, Paulo Ricardo; Sousa, Edi Carlos Pereira de; Pontuschka, Walter Maigon; Oliveira, Cristiano Luis Pinto de, E-mail: pauloricardoafg@yahoo.com.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica

    2016-07-01

    Full text: Due to magnetic, optical and electrical properties metallic nanoparticles have been extensively studied to potential applications in biosensor production, separation of biological molecules, image techniques, drug delivery among several others. For such applications, it is crucial to have crystals with morphology and well defined structure. In this work we presented a detailed structured characterization of silver nanoparticles using small angle x-rays and light scattering methods. The comparison and correlation of these results with electron microscopy images permitted the determination of interesting structural parameters for the studied systems. The oscillations of the intensity curve of SAXS data reveal that this sample has particles with reasonable stability and well defined sizes. The mean radius obtained from the size distribution curve is in good agreement with the ones obtained by TEM images. As will be shown, the combination of several techniques and the correct analysis for the obtained experimental data provides unique information on the structure of the studied systems. (author)

  17. Two three-dimensional coordination polymers of lead(II) with iminodiacetate and naphthalene-dicarboxylate anions: Synthesis, characterization and luminescence behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hazari, Debdoot; Jana, Swapan Kumar [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721 102, West Bengal (India); Fleck, Michel [Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Vienna, Geozentrum, Althanstr. 9, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Zangrando, Ennio [Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Dalai, Sudipta, E-mail: sudipta@mail.vidyasagar.ac.in [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721 102, West Bengal (India)

    2014-11-15

    Two lead(II) compounds [Pb{sub 3}(idiac){sub 3}(phen){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]·2(H{sub 2}O) (1) and [Pb(ndc)]{sub n} (2), where H{sub 2}idiac=iminodiacetic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline and H{sub 2}ndc=naphthalene-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis showed that compound 1 is a discrete trinuclear complex (of two-fold symmetry) which evolves to a supramolecular 3D network via π–π interactions, while in compound 2 the naphthalene dicarboxylate anion act as a linker to form a three dimensional architecture, where the anion adopts a bis-(bidentate bridging) coordination mode connecting four Pb(II) centers. The photoluminescence property of the two complexes has been studied. - graphical abstract: Two new topologically different 1D coordination polymers formed by Pb{sub 4} clusters have been synthesized and characterized by x-ray analysis. The luminescence and thermal properties have been studied. - Highlights: • 1 is a trinuclear complex of Pb(II) growing to 3D network via weak interactions. • In 1, layers of (4,4) rhomboidal topology are identified. • In 2, the ndc anion adopts interesting bis-(bidentate bridging) coordination. • In 2, network is reinforced by C–H…π-ring interactions between the ndc rings.

  18. Synthesis and luminescent properties of CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors with core-shell structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Min; Kang, Ming; Chen, Kexu; Mou, Yongren; Sun, Rong

    2018-03-01

    Integrating the processes of preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+ and its surface-coating, core-shell structured CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors with red emission were synthesized by the carbonation method and surface precipitation procedure using sodium silicate as silica source. The phase structure, thermal stability, morphology and luminescent property of the as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrum, thermal analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope and photoluminescence spectra. The experimental results show that Eu3+ ions as the luminescence center are divided into two types: one is at the surface of the CaCO3 and the other inhabits the site of Ca2+. For CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors, the SiO2 layers are continuously coated on the surface of CaCO3:Eu3+ and show a typical core-shell structure. After coated with SiO2 layer, the luminous intensity and the compatibility with the rubber matrix increase greatly. Additionally, the luminous intensity increases with the increasing of Eu3+ ions concentration in CaCO3 core and concentration quenching occurs when Eu3+ ions concentration exceeds 7.0 mol%, while it is 5.0 mol% for CaCO3:Eu3+ phosphors. Therefore, preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors can not only simplify the experimental process through integrating the preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+ and SiO2 layer, but also effectively increase the luminous intensities of CaCO3:Eu3+ phosphors. The as-obtained phosphors may have potential applications in the fields of optical materials and functional polymer composite materials, such as plastics and rubbers.

  19. A two-dimensional zinc(II) coordination polymer based on mixed dimethyl succinate and bipyridine ligands: synthesis, structure, thermostability and luminescence properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Feng, Yong Lan; Fu, Wei Wei

    2016-04-01

    From the viewpoint of crystal engineering, the construction of crystalline polymeric materials requires a rational choice of organic bridging ligands for the self-assembly process. Multicarboxylate ligands are of particular interest due to their strong coordination activity towards metal ions, as well as their various coordination modes and versatile conformations. The structural chemistry of dicarboxylate-based coordination polymers of transition metals has been developed through the grafting of N-containing organic linkers into carboxylate-bridged transition metal networks. A new luminescent two-dimensional zinc(II) coordination polymer containing bridging 2,2-dimethylsuccinate and 4,4'-bipyridine ligands, namely poly[[aqua(μ2-4,4'-bipyridine-κ(2)N:N')bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanedioato)-κ(4)O(1),O(1'):O(4):O(4');κ(5)O(1):O(1),O(4):O(4),O(4')-dizinc(II)] dihydrate], {[Zn2(C6H8O4)2(C10H8N2)(H2O)]·2H2O}n, has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and elemental, IR and thermogravimetric analyses. In the structure, the 2,2-dimethylsuccinate ligands link linear tetranuclear Zn(II) subunits into one-dimensional chains along the c axis. 4,4'-Bipyridine acts as a tethering ligand expanding these one-dimensional chains into a two-dimensional layered structure. Hydrogen-bonding interactions between the water molecules (both coordinated and free) and carboxylate O atoms strengthen the packing of the layers. Furthermore, the luminescence properties of the complex were investigated. The compound exhibits a blue photoluminescence in the solid state at room temperature and may be a good candidate for potential hybrid inorganic-organic photoactive materials.

  20. Rare-earth organic frameworks involving three types of architecture tuned by the lanthanide contraction effect: hydrothermal syntheses, structures and luminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Zhao-Peng; Kang, Wei; Huo, Li-Hua; Zhao, Hui; Gao, Shan

    2010-07-21

    The first example of rare-earth organic frameworks with 3-aminopyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (Hapca) was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, PL, TG, powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. These ten complexes exhibit three different structure types with decreasing lanthanide radii: [La(apca)(3)](n) () for type I, {[Ln(apca)(ox)(H(2)O)(2)].H(2)O}(n) (Ln = Pr (2), Nd (3), ox = oxalate) for type II, and [Ln(2)(apca)(4)(OH)(2)(H(2)O)(2)](n) (Ln = Sm (4), Eu (5), Gd (6), Tb (7), Dy (8), Er (9), Y (10)) for type III. The structure of type I consists of 1D "snowflake" chains along a-axis, which are further interconnected by hydrogen bonds to produce a 3D sra net topology containing infinite (-C-O-La-)(n) rod-shaped SBU. Type II has 2D Ln-apca-ox 4(4)-net, in which a planar udud water tetramers (H(2)O)(4) are formed by coordinated and free water molecules. Type III also comprises of 2D 4(4)-layer network constructed from Ln-apca-OH. The structure diversity is mainly caused by the variation of coordinated ligand and lanthanide contraction effect. Remarkably, the oxalate in type II was in situ synthesized from 3-aminopyrazine-2-carboxylic acid through an oxidation-hydrolysis reaction. The luminescent investigations reveal that complex exhibits strong blue emission and complex exhibits characteristic luminescence of Eu(3+).

  1. Practical Implementation, Characterization and Applications of a Multi-Colour Time-Gated Luminescence Microscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lixin; Zheng, Xianlin; Deng, Wei; Lu, Yiqing; Lechevallier, Severine; Ye, Zhiqiang; Goldys, Ewa M.; Dawes, Judith M.; Piper, James A.; Yuan, Jingli; Verelst, Marc; Jin, Dayong

    2014-10-01

    Time-gated luminescence microscopy using long-lifetime molecular probes can effectively eliminate autofluorescence to enable high contrast imaging. Here we investigate a new strategy of time-gated imaging for simultaneous visualisation of multiple species of microorganisms stained with long-lived complexes under low-background conditions. This is realized by imaging two pathogenic organisms (Giardia lamblia stained with a red europium probe and Cryptosporidium parvum with a green terbium probe) at UV wavelengths (320-400 nm) through synchronization of a flash lamp with high repetition rate (1 kHz) to a robust time-gating detection unit. This approach provides four times enhancement in signal-to-background ratio over non-time-gated imaging, while the average signal intensity also increases six-fold compared with that under UV LED excitation. The high sensitivity is further confirmed by imaging the single europium-doped Y2O2S nanocrystals (150 nm). We report technical details regarding the time-gating detection unit and demonstrate its compatibility with commercial epi-fluorescence microscopes, providing a valuable and convenient addition to standard laboratory equipment.

  2. Synthesis and characterization of germane/stannane-capped polysiloles for the fabrication of luminescent OLED.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Myoung-Hee; Woo, Hee-Gweon; Kim, Whan Gi; Cho, Myong-Shik

    2009-12-01

    Dehydropolymerization (with various inorganic hydrides) and subsequent germane/stannane-capping (with Me2GeHCI and Ph2SnHCI) of 1,1-dihydrotetraphenylsilole (1) give electroluminescent germane/stannane-capped polysiloles (2) in high yield. The polymerization yield and molecular weight with Selectride increase in the order L-Selectride < N-Selectride < K-Selectride. The molecular weights increase in the order Red-Al < K-Selectride < Super Hydride. The germane/stannane-capped polysiloles 2 emit at 521 nm and are electroluminescent at 522 nm. The fluorescence quantum yield of 2 in toluene is (1.66 +/- 0.26) x 10(-2). The emission color is green and the maximum brightness of the device is 2,800 cd/m2 with a luminous efficiency of 0.68 lm/W. The type of end group exhibited no appreciable effect on the luminescent properties of polysilole backbone. Thus, the germane/stannane-capped polysiloles are found to be a good material for OLED fabrication.

  3. Characterization of luminescent samarium doped HfO2 coatings synthesized by spray pyrolysis technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chacon-Roa, C; Guzman-Mendoza, J; Aguilar-Frutis, M; Garcia-Hipolito, M; Alvarez-Fragoso, O; Falcony, C

    2008-01-01

    Trivalent samarium (Sm 3+ ) doped hafnium oxide (HfO 2 ) films were deposited using the spray pyrolysis deposition technique. The films were deposited on Corning glass substrates at temperatures ranging from 300 to 550 deg. C using chlorides as raw materials. Films, mostly amorphous, were obtained when deposition temperatures were below 350 deg. C. However, for temperatures higher than 400 deg. C, the films became polycrystalline, presenting the HfO 2 monoclinic phase. Scanning electron microscopy of the films revealed a rough surface morphology with spherical particles. Also, electron energy dispersive analysis was performed on these films. The photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence characteristics of the HfO 2 : SmCl 3 films, measured at room temperature, exhibited four main bands centred at 570, 610, 652 and 716 nm, which are due to the well-known intra-4f transitions of the Sm 3+ ion. It was found that the overall emission intensity rose as the deposition temperature was increased. Furthermore, a concentration quenching of the luminescence intensity was also observed

  4. Luminescence dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rieser, U.

    2009-01-01

    The luminescence techniques have evolved over the last 40 years to a powerful dating instrument in archaeology and geoscience. Depending on how the luminescence is stimulated, one distinguishes the phenomena of thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL). Each of these phenomena has its specific potential for dating various archaeological materals in the time range from medieval back to palaeolithic periods, or, speaking in geological terms, for dating of Holocene and late Pleistocene objects. The OSL and IRSL techniques are sometimes treated together as 'optical dating'. The luminescence techniques differ from other major dating techniques, such as 14 C, essentially by their applicability to inorganic materials, their wide age-range from about 100 years to more than 100,000 years and the kind of datable events which are the last exposure to heat or to light. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs.

  5. Luminescence dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rieser, U.

    2008-01-01

    The luminescence techniques have evolved over the last 40 years to a powerful dating instrument in archaeology and geoscience. Depending on how the luminescence is stimulated, one distinguishes the phenomena of thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL). Each of these phenomena has its specific potential for dating various archaeological materals in the time range from medieval back to palaeolithic periods, or, speaking in geological terms, for dating of Holocene and late Pleistocene objects. The OSL and IRSL techniques are sometimes treated together as 'optical dating'. The luminescence techniques differ from other major dating techniques, such as 14 C, essentially by their applicability to inorganic materials, their wide age-range from about 100 years to more than 100,000 years and the kind of datable events which are the last exposure to heat or to light. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs

  6. Luminescence dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rieser, U.

    2012-01-01

    The luminescence techniques have evolved over the last 40 years to a powerful dating instrument in archaeology and geoscience. Depending on how the luminescence is stimulated, one distinguishes the phenomena of thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL). Each of these phenomena has its specific potential for dating various archaeological materials in the time range from medieval back to palaeolithic periods, or, speaking in geological terms, for dating of Holocene and late Pleistocene objects. The OSL and IRSL techniques are sometimes treated together as 'optical dating'. The luminescence techniques differ from other major dating techniques, such as 14 C, essentially by their applicability to inorganic materials, their wide age-range from about 100 years to more than 100,000 years and the kind of datable events which are the last exposure to heat or to light. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs.

  7. Luminescence dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rieser, U.

    2009-01-01

    The luminescence techniques have evolved over the last 40 years to a powerful dating instrument in archaeology and geoscience. Depending on how the luminescence is stimulated, one distinguishes the phenomena of thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL). Each of these phenomena has its specific potential for dating various archaeological materals in the time range from medieval back to palaeolithic periods, or, speaking in geological terms, for dating of Holocene and late Pleistocene objects. The OSL and IRSL techniques are sometimes treated together as 'optical dating'. The luminescence techniques differ from other major dating techniques, such as 14 C, essentially by their applicability to inorganic materials, their wide age-range from about 100 years to more than 100,000 years and the kind of datable events which are the last exposure to heat or to light. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs

  8. Luminescence dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rieser, U.

    2013-01-01

    The luminescence techniques have evolved over the last 40 years to a powerful dating instrument in archaeology and geoscience. Depending on how the luminescence is stimulated, one distinguishes the phenomena of thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL). Each of these phenomena has its specific potential for dating various archaeological materials in the time range from medieval back to palaeolithic periods, or, speaking in geological terms, for dating of Holocene and late Pleistocene objects. The OSL and IRSL techniques are sometimes treated together as 'optical dating'. The luminescence techniques differ from other major dating techniques, such as 14 C, essentially by their applicability to inorganic materials, their wide age-range from about 100 years to more than 100,000 years and the kind of datable events which are the last exposure to heat or to light. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs.

  9. Enhanced UV luminescence from InAlN quantum well structures using two temperature growth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zubialevich, Vitaly Z.; Sadler, Thomas C.; Dinh, Duc V.; Alam, Shahab N.; Li, Haoning; Pampili, Pietro; Parbrook, Peter J.

    2014-01-01

    InAlN/AlGaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) emitting between 300 and 350 nm have been prepared by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition on planar AlN templates. To obtain strong room temperature luminescence from InAlN QWs a two temperature approach was required. The intensity decayed weakly as the temperature was increased to 300 K, with ratios I PL (300 K)/I PL (T) max up to 70%. This high apparent internal quantum efficiency is attributed to the exceptionally strong carrier localization in this material, which is also manifested by a high Stokes shift (0.52 eV) of the luminescence. Based on these results InAlN is proposed as a robust alternative to AlGaN for ultraviolet emitting devices. - Highlights: • InAlN quantum wells with AlGaN barriers emitting in near UV successfully grown using quasi-2T approach. • 1 nm AlGaN capping of InAlN quantum wells used to avoid In desorption during temperature ramp to barrier growth conditions. • Strong, thermally resilient luminescence obtained as a result of growth optimization. • Promise of InAlN as an alternative active region for UV emitters demonstrated

  10. Synthesis and formation process of SrSO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors with hierarchical structures and its electron trapping luminescence properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Jiayue, E-mail: jiayue_sun@126.com; Sun, Guangchao; Xue, Bing; Cui, Dianpeng

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: •SrSO{sub 4} flower-like structures were synthesized by a aqueous solution route. •The as-prepared SrSO{sub 4} crystals have high crystalline. •The flower-like structures are composed of well aligned microtablets. •SrSO{sub 4} nuclei spontaneous attach by an “oriented attachment” process. •The SrSO{sub 4} crystals have excellent electron trapping luminescence properties. -- Abstract: Novel three-dimensional (3D) flower-like Strontium sulfate (SrSO{sub 4}) microstructures with hierarchical architecture were successfully fabricated by using Sr(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} react with Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} aqueous solution under ambient conditions at room temperature. The SrSO{sub 4} flower-like microcrystals have a uniform diameter of about 10 μm, which are composed of numerous well-aligned single tablet-like SrSO{sub 4} crystals oriented radially to their center. The growth mechanism of the flower-like hierarchical celestine particles is discussed to obtain a better understanding on their formation process. XRD patterns confirm the single crystal phase of SrSO{sub 4}. In the photoluminescence property investigations of SrSO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+}, narrow bands observed are well identified with the electronic transition configurations of Sm{sup 3+}. The temperature-dependent photoluminescence spectra show that the temperature of maximum emission intensity is 25 °C. The thermal stability and electron trapping luminescence properties were also characterized.

  11. Structure and luminescent property of complexes of aryl carboxylic acid-functionalized polystyrene with Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Baojiao; Shi, Nan; Qiao, Zongwen

    2015-11-05

    Via polymer reactions, naphthoic acid (NA) and benzoic acid (BA) were bonded onto the side chains of polystyrene (PS), respectively, and two aryl carboxylic acid-functionalized polystyrenes, PSNA and PSBA, were obtained. Using PSNA and PSBA as macromolecule ligands and Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) ions as central ions, various luminescent binary polymer-rare earth complexes were prepared. At the same time, with 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) and 4,4'-bipyridine (Bipy) as small-molecule co-ligands, various ternary polymer-rare earth complexes were also prepared. On the basis of characterizing PSNA, PSBA and complexes, the relationship between structure and luminescent property for these prepared complexes were mainly investigated. The study results show that the macromolecule ligands PSNA and PSBA, or the bonded NA and BA ligands, can strongly sensitize the fluorescence emissions of Eu(3+) ion or Tb(3+) ion, but the sensitization effect is strongly dependent on the structure of the ligands and the property of the central ions, namely it is strongly dependent on the matching degree of energy levels. The fluorescence emission of the binary complex PS-(NA)3-Eu(III) is stronger than that PS-(BA)3-Eu(III), indicating ligand NA has stronger sensitization action for Eu(3+) ion than ligand BA; the binary complex PS-(BA)3-Tb(III) emit strong characteristic fluorescence of Tb(3+) ion, displaying that ligand BA can strongly sensitize Tb(3+) ion, whereas the binary complex PS-(NA)3-Tb(III) nearly does not emit the characteristic fluorescence of Tb(3+) ion, showing that ligand NA does not sensitize Tb(3+) ion. The fluorescence intensity of the ternary complexes is much stronger than that of the binary complexes in the same series. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescent properties of lanthanide extended structure with asymmetrical dinuclear units based on 2-(methylthio)benzoic acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Cristiane K.; Souza, Viviane P. de; Luz, Leonis L. da [Departamento de Química Fundamental, UFPE, 50.740-560 Recife, PE (Brazil); Menezes Vicenti, Juliano R. de [Escola de Química e Alimento, FURG, 96203-900 Rio Grande, RS (Brazil); Burrow, Robert A. [Departamento de Química, UFSM, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Severino Alves; Longo, Ricardo L. [Departamento de Química Fundamental, UFPE, 50.740-560 Recife, PE (Brazil); Malvestiti, Ivani, E-mail: ivani@ufpe.br [Departamento de Química Fundamental, UFPE, 50.740-560 Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2016-02-15

    The extended structures [Ln{sub 2}(L){sub 6}(OH{sub 2}){sub 4}] with L=2-(methylthio)benzoato (2-CH{sub 3}S–C{sub 6}H{sub 4}COO{sup −}) and Ln=Tb (1), Eu (2) and Gd (3) were successfully synthesized and characterized. The single crystal structure of compound 1 was determined and showed an extended structure made up of asymmetrical dinuclear units with the formula catena-poly[{Tb(H_2O)_4}-(μ-L-1κO:2κO'){sub 2}-{Tb(L-κO,O')_2}-(μ-L-1κO:2κO'){sub 2}]. In the molecule of 1, there are two distinct metal sites. The Tb atom in site 1 is bound to four coordinated water molecules and four oxygen atoms from four different benzoate ligands, two of which bridge to site 2 Tb atoms on one side and two to site 2 Tb atoms on the other side. The site 2 Tb atom is bound to four oxygen atoms from two chelating benzoate ligands and four oxygen atoms from four different benzoate ligands, two of which bridge to site 1 Tb atoms on one side and two to site 1 Tb atoms on the other side. The bridging benzoate ligands extend the framework in one-dimension with alternating site 1/site 2 Tb atoms. The luminescent properties of these asymmetric dinuclear extended structures are quite peculiar and showed a single emitting lanthanide center. The quantum yields of 1 (ca. 50–55%) is practically independent of the excitation energy, whereas those of 2 are vanishing small (<1%) when excited at the ligand states and become sizable (ca. 10–20%) upon excitation at the intra-4f manifold. To reconcile these experimental observations in conjunction with the spectral data for compounds 1 and 3, a strong interaction between the lanthanide emitting states at sites 1 and 2 was proposed. For compound 1, the numerical solutions of the rate equations provided evidences that when the transition rates between the emitting states at both sites are larger than the highest decaying rate of these states, the system becomes an effective single emitter. This establishes, for the first time

  13. Luminescent cyclometalated alkynylgold(III) complexes with 6-phenyl-2,2'-bipyridine derivatives: synthesis, characterization, electrochemistry, photophysics, and computational studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, Vonika Ka-Man; Lam, Wai Han; Wong, Wing-Tak; Yam, Vivian Wing-Wah

    2012-07-16

    A novel class of luminescent gold(III) complexes containing various tridentate cyclometalating ligands derived from 6-phenyl-2,2'-bipyridine and alkynyl ligands, [Au(RC^N^N)(C≡C-R')]PF(6), has been successfully synthesized and characterized. One of the complexes has also been determined by X-ray crystallography. Electrochemical studies show a ligand-centered reduction originated from the cyclometalating RC^N^N ligands as well as an alkynyl-centered oxidation. The electronic absorption and photoluminescence properties of the complexes have also been investigated. In acetonitrile at room temperature, the complexes show intense absorption at higher energy region with wavelength shorter than 320 nm, and a moderately intense broad absorption band at 374-406 nm, assigned as the metal-perturbed intraligand π-π* transition of the cyclometalating RC(∧)N(∧)N ligand, with some charge transfer character from the aryl ring to the bipyridine moiety. Most of the complexes have been observed to show vibronic-structured emission bands at 469-550 nm in butyronitile glass at 77 K, assigned to an intraligand excited state of the RC^N^N ligand, with some charge transfer character from the aryl to the bipyridyine moiety. Insights into the origin of the absorption and emission have also been provided by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations.

  14. Dosimetric characterization of BeO samples in alpha, beta and X radiation beams using luminescent techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Groppo, Daniela Piai

    2013-01-01

    In the medical field, the ionizing radiation is used both for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes, in a wide range of radiation doses. In order to ensure that the objective is achieved in practice, detailed studies of detectors and devices in different types of radiations beams are necessary. In this work a dosimetric characterization of BeO samples was performed using the techniques of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) by a comparison of their response for alpha, beta and X radiations and the establishment of an appropriated system for use in monitoring of these radiations beams. The main results are: the high sensitivity to beta radiation for both techniques, good reproducibility of TL and OSL response (coefficients of variation lower than 5%), maximum energy dependence of the X radiation of 28% for the TL technique, and only 7% for the OSL technique, within the studied energy range. The dosimetric characteristics obtained in this work show the possibility of applying BeO samples to dosimetry of alpha, beta and X radiations, considering the studied dose ranges, using the TL and OSL techniques. From the results obtained, the samples of BeO showed their potential use for beam dosimetry in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy. (author)

  15. Effects of thermal treatment on the structure and luminescent properties of Eu3+ doped SiO2–PMMA hybrid nanocomposites prepared by a sol–gel process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jesus, Filipe Augusto de; Tarse Sobrinho Santos, Simei; Caiut, José Maurício Almeida; Sarmento, Victor Hugo Vitorino

    2016-01-01

    Hybrid nanocomposites are multifunctional materials and their properties are the consequence of molecular interaction between inorganic and organic phases. These materials are interesting hosts for lanthanide ions, such as Eu 3+ . The purpose of this research was to synthesize Eu 3+ doped SiO 2 –PMMA hybrid nanocomposites by a sol–gel process and to study the effects of thermal treatment on the structure and luminescent properties of the material. Structural characterization was carried out using the FTIR, TG and 29 Si NMR techniques, however, the luminescence studies were more sensitive to detect the slight structural changes resulting from the thermal treatment. The Eu 3+ ions inserted into the matrix behaved as a structural probe and make it possible to notice the symmetry change from Eu 3+ site, the decrease in the number of hydroxyl coordinated groups and the improvement in quantum efficiency as a result of the thermal treatment. In addition, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters were obtained and supported the interaction between the rare earth and hybrid material. The hybrid was obtained as a stable material until 200 °C and the high sensitivity of the Eu 3+ ions in the system may be used in future applications as thermal sensors, for example. - Highlights: • Eu 3+ -doped SiO 2 –PMMA hybrid nanocomposites were synthesized through a sol–gel process. • FTIR, NMR and TG techniques were used to structural characterization of the material. • Luminescence analysis showed changes in Eu 3+ coordination sphere caused by thermal treatments. • Thermal treatments increase the interaction between the lanthanide ions and the host. • There was a huge improvement in the quantum efficiency of Eu 3+ in heat treated sample.

  16. Effects of thermal treatment on the structure and luminescent properties of Eu{sup 3+} doped SiO{sub 2}–PMMA hybrid nanocomposites prepared by a sol–gel process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jesus, Filipe Augusto de; Tarse Sobrinho Santos, Simei [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Av. Vereador Olímpio Grande s/n, Centro, Itabaiana, SE (Brazil); Caiut, José Maurício Almeida [Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Sarmento, Victor Hugo Vitorino, E-mail: vhsarmento@ufs.br [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Av. Vereador Olímpio Grande s/n, Centro, Itabaiana, SE (Brazil)

    2016-02-15

    Hybrid nanocomposites are multifunctional materials and their properties are the consequence of molecular interaction between inorganic and organic phases. These materials are interesting hosts for lanthanide ions, such as Eu{sup 3+}. The purpose of this research was to synthesize Eu{sup 3+} doped SiO{sub 2}–PMMA hybrid nanocomposites by a sol–gel process and to study the effects of thermal treatment on the structure and luminescent properties of the material. Structural characterization was carried out using the FTIR, TG and {sup 29}Si NMR techniques, however, the luminescence studies were more sensitive to detect the slight structural changes resulting from the thermal treatment. The Eu{sup 3+} ions inserted into the matrix behaved as a structural probe and make it possible to notice the symmetry change from Eu{sup 3+} site, the decrease in the number of hydroxyl coordinated groups and the improvement in quantum efficiency as a result of the thermal treatment. In addition, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters were obtained and supported the interaction between the rare earth and hybrid material. The hybrid was obtained as a stable material until 200 °C and the high sensitivity of the Eu{sup 3+} ions in the system may be used in future applications as thermal sensors, for example. - Highlights: • Eu{sup 3+}-doped SiO{sub 2}–PMMA hybrid nanocomposites were synthesized through a sol–gel process. • FTIR, NMR and TG techniques were used to structural characterization of the material. • Luminescence analysis showed changes in Eu{sup 3+} coordination sphere caused by thermal treatments. • Thermal treatments increase the interaction between the lanthanide ions and the host. • There was a huge improvement in the quantum efficiency of Eu{sup 3+} in heat treated sample.

  17. Supramolecular assembly of borate with quaternary ammonium: Crystal structure and tunable luminescent properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang, Jie; Wang, Yong-gang [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, Ying-xia, E-mail: wangyx@pku.edu.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Liao, Fu-hui [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Lin, Jian-hua, E-mail: jhlin@pku.edu.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2013-04-15

    A new borate [C{sub 6}H{sub 16}N][B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}] (1) is synthesized hydrothermally by the reaction of isopropyltrimethylammonium hydroxide with boric acid. It crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with the parameters a=9.1578(10) Å, b=9.372(9) Å, c=9.9812(10) Å, α=66.508(2)°, β=74.751(2)°, γ=81.893(2)°. The [B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}]{sup −} anions are interlinked via hydrogen bonding forming a 3D supramolecular network containing large cavities, where reside the (CH{sub 3}){sub 3}(i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}) N{sup +} cations. This borate shows tunable luminescent properties with temperature, heating-treatment, exciting-light, and solvents. The fluorescent intensity of 1 enhances 6-fold with decreasing the temperature from 25 K to 78 K. By treatment under different temperatures, the luminescence of 1 shifted from blue to white and the sample treated at 230 °C emits bright white light to naked eyes. The hybrid borate can disperse in different solvents, and shows a red-shifted and intense emission in polar solvents. - Graphical abstract: The new quaternary ammonium borate [C{sub 6}H{sub 17}N][B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}] contains a 3D supramolecular network formed by hydrogen bond linked [B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}]{sup −} anions and shows tunable luminescent properties with temperature, excitation light, and solvents. Highlights: ► A novel quaternary ammonium borate was synthesized. ► It possesses a supramolecular network fomed by H-bonded [B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}]{sup −} anions. ► This borate shows tunable luminescent properties with temperature, heating treatment, excitation light, and solvents.

  18. Elastico-mechanoluminescence and crystal-structure relationships in persistent luminescent materials and II–VI semiconductor phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandra, B.P., E-mail: bpchandra4@yahoo.co.in [School of Studies in Physics and Astrophysics, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur 492010, Chattisgarh (India); Chandra, V.K. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology, Shivaji Nagar, Kolihapuri, Durg 491001, Chattisgarh (India); Jha, Piyush [Department of Applied Physics, Raipur Institute of Technology, Chhatauna, Mandir Hasuad, Raipur 492101, Chattisgarh (India)

    2015-04-15

    Elastico-mechanoluminescence (EML) has recently attracted the attention of a large number of researchers because of its potential in different types of mechano-optical devices. For understanding the mechanism of EML the relationships between elastico-mechanoluminescence (EML) and crystal-structure of a large number of persistent luminescent materials and II–VI semiconductor phosphors known to date are investigated. It is found that, although most of the non-centrosymmetric crystals exhibit EML, certain non-centrosymmetric crystals do not show EML. Whereas, many centrosymmetric crystals do not exhibit EML, certain centrosymmetric crystals exhibit EML. Piezoelectric ZnS:Cu,Cl single crystals do not show EML, but piezoelectric ZnS:Cu,Cl microcrystalline phosphors show very intense EML. Piezoelectric single crystals of undoped ZnS do not show EML. It seems that EML is related to local piezoelectrification near the impurities in crystals where piezoelectric constant is high. Suitable piezoelectric field near the local piezoelectric region and stable charge carriers in traps are required for appearance of EML. The EML of persistent luminescent materials and II–VI semiconductor phosphors can be understood on the basis of piezoelectrically-induced trap-depth reduction model of EML. Using suitable dopants both in non-centrosymmetric and centrosymmetric crystals intense elastico-mechanoluminescent materials emitting desired colours can be tailored, which may find applications in several mechano-optical devices.

  19. Core shell structured nanoparticles of Eu3+ doped SnO2 with SiO2 shell: luminescence studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ningthoujam, R.S.; Sudarsan, V.; Kulshreshtha, S.K.

    2005-01-01

    Re dispersible SnO 2 nanoparticles with and without Eu 3+ doping nanoparticles were prepared at 185 deg C by the urea hydrolysis of Sn 4+ in ethylene glycol medium. X-ray diffraction and 119 Sn MAS NMR studies of these particles revealed that these nanoparticles are crystalline with Cassiterite structure having an average crystallite size of 7 nm. Undoped SnO 2 gave a emission peak centered around 470 nm characteristic of the traps present in the nanoparticles. For Eu 3+ doped samples, emission around 590 and 615 nm was observed on both direct excitation as well as indirect excitation through traps, indicating that there is an energy transfer between the traps present in the nanoparticles and Eu 3+ ions. The asymmetric ratio of luminescence (relative intensity ratio of 590 to 615 nm transitions) has been found to be 1.2. For SnO 2 :Eu(5%)-SiO 2 nanoparticles, the asymmetric ratio of luminescence change significantly indicating the formation of nanoparticles with SnO 2 :Eu(5%) core covered with SiO 2 shell. (author)

  20. Elastico-mechanoluminescence and crystal-structure relationships in persistent luminescent materials and II–VI semiconductor phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chandra, B.P.; Chandra, V.K.; Jha, Piyush

    2015-01-01

    Elastico-mechanoluminescence (EML) has recently attracted the attention of a large number of researchers because of its potential in different types of mechano-optical devices. For understanding the mechanism of EML the relationships between elastico-mechanoluminescence (EML) and crystal-structure of a large number of persistent luminescent materials and II–VI semiconductor phosphors known to date are investigated. It is found that, although most of the non-centrosymmetric crystals exhibit EML, certain non-centrosymmetric crystals do not show EML. Whereas, many centrosymmetric crystals do not exhibit EML, certain centrosymmetric crystals exhibit EML. Piezoelectric ZnS:Cu,Cl single crystals do not show EML, but piezoelectric ZnS:Cu,Cl microcrystalline phosphors show very intense EML. Piezoelectric single crystals of undoped ZnS do not show EML. It seems that EML is related to local piezoelectrification near the impurities in crystals where piezoelectric constant is high. Suitable piezoelectric field near the local piezoelectric region and stable charge carriers in traps are required for appearance of EML. The EML of persistent luminescent materials and II–VI semiconductor phosphors can be understood on the basis of piezoelectrically-induced trap-depth reduction model of EML. Using suitable dopants both in non-centrosymmetric and centrosymmetric crystals intense elastico-mechanoluminescent materials emitting desired colours can be tailored, which may find applications in several mechano-optical devices

  1. Effect of annealing on structural and luminescence properties of Eu3+ doped NaYF4 phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Trilok K.; Kumar, Ashwini; Swart, H. C.; Kroon, R. E.

    2018-04-01

    Eu3+ doped NaYF4 phosphors have been synthesized by the combustion method. The effect of annealing on the structural, morphological and luminescence properties has been investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the Eu3+ doped NaYF4 phosphors consisted of mixed phases: α-phase and β-phase which were affected by the annealing of the phosphor. The surface morphology showed a significant change with annealing in the Eu3+ doped NaYF4 phosphors. The elemental mapping and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy spectra proved the formation of the desired materials. The photoluminescence spectra illustrated the optical properties of Eu3+ in the as-prepared and annealed Eu3+ doped NaYF4 phosphors. The intensity of the peaks 5D0 → 7F2 and 5D0 → 7F1 varied in as-prepared and annealed samples. The lifetime of the Eu3+ luminescence at 615 nm was also weakly affected by the Eu3+ doping and annealing temperature.

  2. Structure and luminescence properties of Dy2O3 doped bismuth-borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mugoni, Consuelo; Gatto, C.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Siligardi, C.

    2017-01-01

    In this study heavy bismuth-borate glasses were studied as host matrices of Dy 2 O 3 rare earth, for potential application as scintillator materials in high energy physics experiments and in general radiation detection systems. Glass matrices were prepared from 20BaO-xBi 2 O 3 -(80-x)B 2 O 3 (x = 20, 30, 40 mol%) ternary systems and synthesized by the melt-quenching method at different temperatures in order to obtain high density and high transparency in the UV/Vis range. Particularly, the glass manifesting the higher transparency and with sufficiently high density was doped with Dy 2 O 3 (2.5 and 5 mol%) in order to induce the luminescence characteristics. The effects of Bi 2 O 3 and Dy 2 O 3 on density, thermal behaviour, transmission as well as luminescence properties under UV excitation, were investigated. The experimental results show that the synthesized glasses can be considered promising candidate materials as dense scintillators, due to the Dy 3+ centres emission.

  3. Synthesis, structure, terahertz spectroscopy and luminescent properties of copper (I) complexes with bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and N-donor ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Wei-Wei; Li, Zhong-Feng; Li, Jiao-Bao; Yang, Yu-Ping; Yuan, Yuan; Tang, Han-Qin; Gao, Ling-Xiao; Jin, Qiong-Hua; Zhang, Zhen-Wei; Zhang, Cun-Lin

    2015-11-01

    The reactions of copper(I) salts CuX [X = Cl, OTf (OTf = CF3SO3) and ClO4] and bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm) with 4,4-bipyridine (4,4-bipy), 2,2-bipyridine (2,2-bipy), isoquinoline (i-C9H7N) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) lead to five new copper(I) complexes: [CuCl(dppm)(i-C9H7N)]2 (1), {[CuCl(dppm)(phen)]2•5H2O}n (2), [Cu2Cl2(dppm)2(4,4-bipy)]•4CH3CN (3), [Cu(dppm)(2,2-bipy)]2(OTf)2 (4), {[Cu2Cl(dppm)2(4,4-bipy)](ClO4)}n (5). Complexes 1, 3 and 4 are of dinuclear structure with eight-membered Cu2P4C2 rings. The structure of compound 2 can be simplified as three-dimensional topology. Complex 5 is of infinite chain structure linked by 4,4-bipy. All these complexes are characterized by IR, elemental analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, luminescence, NMR and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.

  4. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescent properties of zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks constructed from terpyridyl derivative ligand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Xiao-Le; Shangguan, Yi-Qing; Hu, Huai-Ming; Xu, Bing; Wang, Bao-Cheng; Xie, Juan; Yuan, Fei; Yang, Meng-Lin; Dong, Fa-Xin; Xue, Gang-Lin

    2014-01-01

    Five zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks, [Zn 3 (344-pytpy) 2 Cl 6 ] n ·n(H 2 O) (1), [Zn(344-pytpy)(ox)] n (2), [Zn 2 (344-pytpy)(bdc) 2 ] n ·1.5n(H 2 O) (3), [Zn 2 (344-pytpy) 2 (sfdb) 2 ] n ·1.5n(H 2 O) (4) and [Zn 3 (344-pytpy) 2 (btc) 2 ] n ·2n(H 2 O) (5), (344-pytpy=4′-(3-pyridyl)-4,2′:6′,4″-terpyridine, H 2 ox=oxalic acid, H 2 bdc=1,4-benzenedi-carboxylic acid, H 2 sfdb=4,4′-sulfonyldibenzoic acid and H 3 btc=1,3,5-benzene-tricarboxylic acid) have been prepared by hydrothermal reactions. Compound 1 is a 1D chain structure, in which 344-pytpy ligand links three Zn II centers through three of terminal N-donors. Compound 2 is a 4-connected 3D framework with the dia topological net and the Schläfli symbol of 6 6 . Compound 3 displays a unusual 3-fold interpenetrating 3D coordination network which exhibits a new intriguing (3,3,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (4.8 2 )(4.8 5 )(8 3 ). Compound 4 features a two-fold interpenetrating 4-connected 2D framework with the sql topological net and the Schläfli symbol of (4 4 .6 2 ). Compound 5 is a new self-interpenetrating (3,3,4,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (6.8 2 ) 2 (6 2 .8 2 .10.12)(6 2 .8 3 .10) 2 (6 2 .8) 2 . The luminescence properties of 1–5 have been investigated by emission spectra and they possess great thermal stabilities which can be stable up to around 400 °C. - Graphical abstract: Five new Zn(II) metal–organic frameworks based on dicarboxylate and terpyridyl derivative ligands have been synthesized by hydrothermal reactions, giving networks from 1D to 3D structures. The thermal stability and luminescent property have been investigated. - Highlights: • Five zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks have been prepared under hydrothermal conditions. • Their crystal and topological structures have been investigated. • The luminescent properties have been investigated. • They possess great thermal stabilities which can be stable up to

  5. Applications of structural and spectroscopic techniques to the experimental and theoretical study of new luminescent materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Navarro Ahumada, Gustavo Adolfo

    2001-01-01

    This thesis discusses the general problem of the radiation-matter interaction in the case of a family of crystals known as elpasolites, which belong to the spatial group FM3M(O 5 H ). These systems present complications, from a theoretical as well as experimental point of view. The study was carried out in stoichiometric elpasolite type systems, characterized by empirical formulas of the general type Cs2NaLnCl 6 where Ln is a lanthanide of the first series of internal transition with electronic configurations for the trivalent state (Ln +3 ) of the form ∫ 1 → ∫ 13 . An analysis of the atomic spectra for these gaseous phase ions shows a diversity of permitted states, due to relativistic and non relativistic effects. Systems with positive trivalent lanthanide ions of the form Dy 3+ (∫ 9 ), Ho 3+ (∫ 10 ) y Er 3+ (∫ 11 ) have been selected at the level of the stoichiometric elpasolites and are characterized by complex energetic spectra. A careful experimental study of the emission states suggests that the elpasolite of Er 3+ is interesting, and its study is very relevant. The assignments and identifications of the peaks, during absorption as well as during emission, are more precise for the configuration Er 3+ , and careful studies show that fluorescence between terminal states with the rule of selection for the total orbital angular momentum:ΔJ = 6 is observed for this system. A declining cascade that can reasonably explain the unsuspected related spectral intensity, in the order of 10-9, is presented and suggested although a value was predicted for the electric dipolar force of lesser than 4 orders of magnitude what was observed. This problem is discussed and a mechanism is proposed for spectral intensities associated with two emissions characterized by ΔJ = 4 (electric hexadecapole) and ΔJ = 2 (electric cuadrupole). The laboratory tests made, include synthesis by solid state reactions of Dy 3+ and Ho 3+ , type elpasolites, structural characterization

  6. Synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of mixed phase bismuth molybdate-doped with Eu3+ ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liyong; Guo, Xiaoqing; Cai, Xiaomeng; Song, Qingwei; Han, Yuanyuan; Jia, Guang

    2018-02-01

    Red phosphors of Eu3+-doped bismuth molybdate (BMO) are prepared by a low temperature hydrothermal method assisting with Phenol Formaldehyde resin (PFr), and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, Fourier transform infrared-spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), differential thermal analyzer (DTA), and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. PL properties influence factors including molar ratio of Bi3+ and Mo3+ ions, PFr dosage and dopants concentration are discussed in detail. The results show that BMO can act as a useful host for Eu3+ ions doping, and energy transferring from Bi3+ to Eu3+ achieved efficiently, the BMO phosphors displayed intense red color emission under ultraviolet light excitation.

  7. Luminescence materials for pH and oxygen sensing in microbial cells - structures, optical properties, and biological applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Xianshao; Pan, Tingting; Chen, Lei; Tian, Yanqing; Zhang, Weiwen

    2017-09-01

    Luminescence including fluorescence and phosphorescence sensors have been demonstrated to be important for studying cell metabolism, and diagnosing diseases and cancer. Various design principles have been employed for the development of sensors in different formats, such as organic molecules, polymers, polymeric hydrogels, and nanoparticles. The integration of the sensing with fluorescence imaging provides valuable tools for biomedical research and applications at not only bulk-cell level but also at single-cell level. In this article, we critically reviewed recent progresses on pH, oxygen, and dual pH and oxygen sensors specifically for their application in microbial cells. In addition, we focused not only on sensor materials with different chemical structures, but also on design and applications of sensors for better understanding cellular metabolism of microbial cells. Finally, we also provided an outlook for future materials design and key challenges in reaching broad applications in microbial cells.

  8. Synthesis, structural and luminescent aspect of Tb3+ doped Sr2SnO4 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taikar, Deepak R.

    2016-01-01

    A novel green emitting, Tb 3+ doped Sr 2 SnO 4 phosphor was synthesized by the co-precipitation method and its photoluminescence characterization was performed. Sr 2 SnO 4 has an ordered tetragonal K 2 NiF 4 -type structure with space group I4/mmm. The structure of Sr 2 SnO 4 consists of SnO 6 octahedra. From the structure of Sr 2 SnO 4 , it was observed that the sites of Sn 4+ ions have inverse symmetry while the Sr 2+ ions have the low symmetry. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the formation of Sr 2 SnO 4 :Tb 3+ . Photoluminescence measurements showed that the phosphor exhibited bright green emission at about 543 nm attributed to 5 D 4 à 7 F 5 transition of Tb 3+ ion under UV excitation. The emission spectra did not exhibit conventional blue emission peaks of Tb 3+ ions due to 5 D 3 → 7 F J transitions in the spectral region 350-470 nm. The excitation spectra indicate that this compound may be useful as a lamp phosphor. (author)

  9. Synthesis, structures, and luminescent properties of lanthanide complexes with triphenylphospine oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Yan; Xu, Shan; Wang, Xin; Li, Yue-Xue; Jin, Qiong-Hua [Department of Chemistry, Capital Normal University, Beijing (China); Liu, Min [The College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology (China); Xin, Xiu-Lan [School of Food and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University (China)

    2017-07-03

    Seven lanthanide complexes [Ln(OPPh{sub 3}){sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}] (1-3) (OPPh{sub 3} = triphenylphosphine oxide, Ln = Nd, Sm, Gd), [Dy(OPPh{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}) (4), [Ln(OPPh{sub 3}){sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}]{sub 2} (5-7) (Ln = Pr, Eu, Gd) were synthesized by the reactions of different lanthanide salts and OPPh{sub 3} ligand in the air. These complexes were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, elemental analysis, IR and fluorescence spectra. Structure analysis shows that complexes 1-4 are mononuclear complexes formed by OPPh{sub 3} ligands and nitrates. The asymmetric units of complexes 5-7 consist of two crystallographic-separate molecules. Complex 1 is self-assembled to construct a 2D layer-structure of (4,4) net topology by hydrogen bond interactions. The other complexes show a 1D chain-like structure that was assembled by OPPh{sub 3} ligands and nitrate ions through C-H..O interactions. Solid emission spectra of compounds 4 and 6 are assigned to the characteristic fluorescence of Tb{sup 3+} (λ{sub em} = 480, 574 nm) and Eu{sup 3+} (λ{sub em} = 552, 593, 619, 668 nm). (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  10. Luminescence and circularly polarized luminescence of macrocyclic Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes embedded in xerogel and sol-gel SiO2 glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morita, M.; Rau, D.; Kai, T.

    2002-01-01

    Luminescence, time-resolved luminescence, circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) and decay profiles of Ln(III)(15-crownether-5) (Ln=Ce, Sm, Eu, Tb) and Tb(III)-(R),(S)-cyclen derivative complexes doped in xerogel and sol-gel silica glasses are measured at temperatures down to 10 K to characterize luminescence properties and the electronic structure in the excited states. Luminescence spectral profiles and calculation of crystal field parameters (B 0 (2) ,B 2 (2) ) in the 5 D 0 → 7 F J (J=1,2) transition give evidence of the fact that the pentagonal and planar structure of Eu(III) (15-crownether-5) does hold in xerogel and sol-gel glasses prepared at temperatures below 100 deg. C. As annealing temperatures are increased from 80 deg. C to 750 deg. C, Eu(III) complexes in sol-gel glasses are found to decompose gradually to SiO 2 :Eu 3+ . Tb(III)-(R) and (S)-cyclen derivative complexes in xerogel reveal at room temperature and 10 K sharp CPL spectra with luminescence dissymmetry factors g lum =-0.1 and 0.1, respectively. These complexes doped in sol-gel glasses represent luminescence characteristics of rare earth ions encapsulated in the nano-porous host

  11. Syntheses, structural analyses and luminescent property of four alkaline-earth coordination polymers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Sheng; Qu, Xiao-Ni; Xie, Gang; Wei, Qing; Chen, San-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Four alkaline-earth coordination polymers, [Ba(Pzdc)(H 2 O)] n (1), [Ba(Pzdc)] n (2), [AgSr(Pzdc)(NO 3 )(H 2 O)] n (3), [Ag 2 Ca(Pzdc) 2 (H 2 O)] n (4) (H 2 Pzdc=2, 3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 afford 2D layer networks generated by one-dimensional chains containing the [Ba 2 O 11 N] units. Compound 3 is of 2D mixed-metal coordination network formed by one-dimensional chain units, while 4 is of a 3D heterometallic framework. Interestingly, 1 and 2 can undergo reversible SCSC structural transformation upon dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. In addition, the π–π stacking interactions dominate fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2. - Graphical abstract: Four new coordination polymers [Ba(Pzdc)(H 2 O)] n (1), [Ba(Pzdc)] n (2), [AgSr(Pzdc)(NO 3 )(H 2 O)] n (3), [Ag 2 Ca(Pzdc) 2 (H 2 O)] n (4) (H 2 Pzdc=2, 3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized. Compounds 1–3 display 2D topology structures and compound 4 exhibits a 3D topology structure. Fortunately, 1 and 2 undergo reversible dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. Display Omitted - Highlights: • All structures are generated by 1D chains. • 1 and 2 show reversible dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. • The π–π stacking interactions dominate fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2

  12. Syntheses, structural analyses and luminescent property of four alkaline-earth coordination polymers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Sheng; Qu, Xiao-Ni; Xie, Gang; Wei, Qing; Chen, San-Ping, E-mail: sanpingchen@126.com

    2014-02-15

    Four alkaline-earth coordination polymers, [Ba(Pzdc)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Ba(Pzdc)]{sub n} (2), [AgSr(Pzdc)(NO{sub 3})(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3), [Ag{sub 2}Ca(Pzdc){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}Pzdc=2, 3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 afford 2D layer networks generated by one-dimensional chains containing the [Ba{sub 2}O{sub 11}N] units. Compound 3 is of 2D mixed-metal coordination network formed by one-dimensional chain units, while 4 is of a 3D heterometallic framework. Interestingly, 1 and 2 can undergo reversible SCSC structural transformation upon dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. In addition, the π–π stacking interactions dominate fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2. - Graphical abstract: Four new coordination polymers [Ba(Pzdc)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Ba(Pzdc)]{sub n} (2), [AgSr(Pzdc)(NO{sub 3})(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3), [Ag{sub 2}Ca(Pzdc){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}Pzdc=2, 3-pyrazinedicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized. Compounds 1–3 display 2D topology structures and compound 4 exhibits a 3D topology structure. Fortunately, 1 and 2 undergo reversible dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. Display Omitted - Highlights: • All structures are generated by 1D chains. • 1 and 2 show reversible dehydration/rehydration of coordinated water molecules. • The π–π stacking interactions dominate fluorescent properties of compounds 1 and 2.

  13. Luminescent properties of Al2O3: Tb powders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esparza G, A.E.; Garcia, M.; Falcony, C.; Azorin N, J.

    2000-01-01

    In this work the photo luminescent and cathode luminescent characteristics of aluminium oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) powders impurified with terbium (Tb) were studied for their use in dosimetry. The optical, structural, morphological characteristics of the powders as function of variation in the impurity concentration and the annealing temperature will be presented. As regards the optical properties of powders (photoluminescence and cathode luminescence) it was observed a characteristic emission associated with radiative transitions between electron energy levels of terbium, the spectra associated with this emission consists of several peaks associated with such transitions. In the structural and morphological characterization (X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy) it was appreciated that in accordance the annealing temperature of powders is augmented it is evident the apparition of certain crystalline phases. The results show that this is a promissory material for radiation dosimetry. (Author)

  14. Characterization of genetic structure of Podophyllum hexandrum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Characterization of genetic structure of Podophyllum hexandrum populations, an endangered medicinal herb of Northwestern Himalaya, using ISSR-PCR markers and its relatedness with podophyllotoxin content.

  15. Reconstruction of settlement phases at Intermediate Bronze Age structures in the Negev Highlands (Israel) using luminescence dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junge, Andrea; Lomax, Johanna; Shahack-Gross, Ruth; Dunseth, Zachary C.; Finkelstein, Israel; Fuchs, Markus

    2016-04-01

    OSL dating is usually applied to sediments in paleoenvironmental sciences. However, there is only limited experience with determining the age of archaeological stone structures by OSL using dust deposits associated with these structures. The age of trapped dust deposits may be used to date the onset of settlement (sediment below structures), settlement activity (occupation layer), or the time after settlement (sediment between collapsed walls and roofs). In this study, OSL dating is applied for establishing a chronology of settlement structures situated in the Negev Highlands, Israel. Two archaeological sites are investigated to identify the occupation history, by dating the aeolian dust trapped within the remains of ancient buildings. OSL dating techniques are applied using coarse grain quartz and a standard SAR protocol. First results indicate that the luminescence properties of the trapped sediments are suitable for OSL dating. Therefore, it was possible to date the onset of sedimentation in a later phase of the human occupation or shortly after the settlement was abandoned, which is supported by archaeological evidence gained from pottery finds and the architecture of the buildings.

  16. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and luminescence of Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Li; Wan, Yingpeng; Li, Yuze; Pu, Yinfu; Huang, Yanlin; Chen, Cuili; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2016-01-01

    Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers were synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction method. The structural refinement was conducted on the base of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements. The surface properties of the Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers were investigated by the measurements such as the scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the energy dispersive spectrum (EDS). The nanofiber has a diameter of about 100 nm and a length of several micrometers. The luminescence properties such as photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission spectra (PL), decay lifetime, color coordinates, and the absolute internal quantum efficiency (QE) were reported. Ca_2B_2O_5:Eu"3"+ nanofibers show the red luminescence with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.41, y = 0.51) and the luminescence lifetime of 0.63 ms. The luminescence of Ca_2B_2O_5:Tb"3"+ nanofibers is green color (x = 0.29, y = 0.53) with the lifetime of 2.13 ms. However, Dy"3"+-doped Ca_2B_2O_5 nanofibers present a single-phase white-color phosphor with the fluorescence decay of 3.05 ms. Upon near-UV excitation, the absolute quantum efficiency is measured to be 65, 35, and 37 % for Eu"3"+-, Tb"3"+-, Dy"3"+-doped Ca_2B_2O_5 nanofibers, respectively. It is suggested that Ca_2B_2O_5:RE (RE = Eu"3"+, Tb"3"+, Dy"3"+) nanofibers could be an efficient phosphor for lighting and display.

  17. Zero-phonon line and fine structure of the yellow luminescence band in GaN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reshchikov, M. A.; McNamara, J. D.; Zhang, F.; Monavarian, M.; Usikov, A.; Helava, H.; Makarov, Yu.; Morkoç, H.

    2016-07-01

    The yellow luminescence band was studied in undoped and Si-doped GaN samples by steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence. At low temperature (18 K), the zero-phonon line (ZPL) for the yellow band is observed at 2.57 eV and attributed to electron transitions from a shallow donor to a deep-level defect. At higher temperatures, the ZPL at 2.59 eV emerges, which is attributed to electron transitions from the conduction band to the same defect. In addition to the ZPL, a set of phonon replicas is observed, which is caused by the emission of phonons with energies of 39.5 meV and 91.5 meV. The defect is called the YL1 center. The possible identity of the YL1 center is discussed. The results indicate that the same defect is responsible for the strong YL1 band in undoped and Si-doped GaN samples.

  18. Effect of structure, size and copper doping on the luminescence properties of ZnS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamal, Ch. Satya [Crystal Growth and Nanoscience Research Centre, Government College (A), Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh 533 105 (India); Mishra, R.K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Patel, Dinesh K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Casali Center for Applied Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 9190401 (Israel); Rao, K. Ramachandra, E-mail: drkrcr@gmail.com [Crystal Growth and Nanoscience Research Centre, Government College (A), Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh 533 105 (India); Sudarsan, V., E-mail: vsudar@barc.gov.in [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Vatsa, R.K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2016-09-15

    Highlights: • Blue and green emission intensity form ZnS is sensitive to crystallographic form. • For ZnS nanoparticles, emission characteristics are not affected by copper doping. • Cu solubility poor in ZnS nanoparticles compared to corresponding bulk. - Abstract: Luminescence properties of wurtzite and cubic forms of bulk ZnS have been investigated in detail and compared with that of ZnS nanoparticles. Blue emission observed in both hexagonal and cubic forms of undoped bulk ZnS is explained based on electron–hole recombination involving electron in conduction band and hole trapped in Zn{sup 2+} vacancies where as green emission arises due to electron hole recombination from Zn{sup 2+} and S{sup 2−} vacancies. Conversion of wurtzite form to cubic form is associated with relative increase in intensity of green emission due to increased defect concentration brought about by high temperature heat treatment. Copper doping in ZnS, initially leads to formation of both Cu{sub Zn} and Cu{sub i} (interstitial copper) centers, and latter to mainly Cu{sub Zn} centers as revealed by variation in relative intensities of blue and green emission from the samples.

  19. SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    B. S. Chandravanshi

    ABSTRACT. Reaction of [VO(acac)2] (acac = acetylacetonate) with ... Single crystal X-ray structural studies indicate that the hydrazone ligands coordinate to ..... Molecular structure of complex (1) at 30% probability displacement. Figure 4.

  20. SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    Reaction of [MoO2(acac)2] (where acac = acetylacetonate) with N'-(2-hydroxy-4- ... Single crystal X-ray structural studies indicate that the hydrazone ligand coordinates .... Molecular structure of the complex at 30% probability displacement.

  1. Thiocyanate cadmium(II) complexes of 2,4,6-tri(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine – Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nawrot, I.; Machura, B.; Kruszynski, R.

    2014-01-01

    Two new thiocyanate cadmium(II) complexes of 2,4,6-tri(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine were synthesized and characterized. The resulted complexes [Cd(SCN)(NO 3 )(tptz)(H 2 O)] (1) and [Cd(SCN) 2 (tptz)(MeOH)] (2) were studied by IR, UV–vis spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray analysis. The luminescent properties of 1 and 2 were studied in solution and solid state and compared with the free ligand. To get detailed insight into the electronic structure and spectroscopic properties of [Cd(SCN)(NO 3 )(tptz)(H 2 O)] and [Cd(SCN) 2 (tptz)(MeOH)], the density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations were performed. - Highlights: • Two novel thiocyanate cadmium(II) compounds of 2,4,6-tri(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine were synthesized. • The compounds were identified by IR, UV–vis spectroscopy and X-ray analysis. • The fluorescence properties of the complexes were examined and compared with the free ligand. • The electronic spectra were investigated at the TD-DFT level employing B3LYP/LANL2DZ

  2. Preparation of three terbium complexes with p-aminobenzoic acid and investigation of crystal structure influence on luminescence property

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ye Chaohong; Sun Haoling; Wang Xinyi; Li Junran; Nie Daobo; Fu Wenfu; Gao Song

    2004-01-01

    Three new rare earth p-aminobenzoic acid complexes, [Tb 2 L 6 (H 2 O) 2 ] n (1), [Tb 2 L 6 (H 2 O) 4 ].2H 2 O (2) and [Tb(phen) 2 L 2 (H 2 O) 2 ](phen)L·4H 2 O (3) (HL: p-aminobenzoic acid; phen: 1, 10-phenanthroline), with different structural forms are reported in this paper. Complex 1 is a polymolecule with a two-dimensional plane structure. Compound 2 is a binuclear molecule, and 3 appears to be a mononuclear complex. The fluorescence intensity, the fluorescence life-time and emission quantum yield of 2, which has two coordination water molecules, is better than those of 1, which has only one coordination water molecule. This is an unusual phenomenon for general fluorescent rare earth complexes. The fluorescence performance of 3 is the most unsatisfactory among the three complexes. Their crystal structures show that the coordination mode of the ligand is an important factor influencing the luminescence properties of a fluorescent rare earth complex

  3. Synthesis, characterization, and near-infrared luminescent properties of the ternary thulium complex covalently bonded to mesoporous MCM-41

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feng Jing; Song Shuyan; Xing Yan; Zhang Hongjie; Li Zhefeng; Sun Lining; Guo Xianmin; Fan Weiqiang

    2009-01-01

    The crystal structure of a ternary Tm(DBM) 3 phen complex (DBM=dibenzoylmethane; phen=1, 10-phenanthroline) and the synthesis of hybrid mesoporous material in which the complex covalently bonded to mesoporous MCM-41 are reported. Crystal data: Tm(DBM) 3 phen C 59 H 47 N 2 O 7 Tm, monoclinic, P21/c, a=19.3216(12) A, b=10.6691(7) A, c=23.0165(15) A, α=90 deg., β=91.6330(10) deg., γ=90 deg., V=4742.8(5) A 3 , Z=4. The properties of the Tm(DBM) 3 phen complex and the corresponding hybrid mesoporous material [Tm(DBM) 3 phen-MCM-41] have been studied. The results reveal that the Tm(DBM) 3 phen complex is successfully covalently bonded to MCM-41. Both Tm(DBM) 3 phen complex and Tm(DBM) 3 phen-MCM-41 display typical near-infrared (NIR) luminescence upon excitation at the maximum absorption of the ligands, which contributes to the efficient energy transfer from the ligands to the Tm 3+ ion, an antenna effect. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) centered at 1474 nm in the emission spectrum of Tm(DBM) 3 phen-MCM-41 is 110 nm, which is the potential candidate of broadening amplification band from C band (1530-1560 nm) to S + band (1450-1480 nm) in optical area. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of Tm(DBM) 3 phen complex (DBM=dibenzoylmethane; phen=1, 10-phenanthroline). The complex is successfully covalently bonded to MCM-41 (Tm(DBM) 3 phen-MCM-41). After ligand-mediated excitation, the emission spectrum of Tm(DBM) 3 phen-MCM-41 shows the bands 802 and 1474 nm. The FWHM of the 1474-nm band for Tm(DBM) 3 phen-MCM-41 is 110 nm, such a broad spectrum enables a wide gain bandwidth for optical amplification

  4. An alkaline one-pot reaction to synthesize luminescent Eu-BTC MOF nanorods, highly pure and water-insoluble, under room conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Medina-Velazquez, D. Y., E-mail: dyolotzin@correo.azc.uam.mx; Alejandre-Zuniga, B. Y.; Loera-Serna, S.; Ortiz, E. M. [Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería (Mexico); Morales-Ramirez, A. de J. [CIITEC IPN, Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Mexico); Garfias-Garcia, E. [Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería (Mexico); Garcia-Murillo, A. [CIITEC IPN, Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Mexico); Falcony, C. [Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados, Departamento de Física (Mexico)

    2016-12-15

    The increasing demand for optoelectronic devices requires the development of luminescent materials with high luminescence efficiency and low energy demands, and the metalorganic frameworks (MOFs) with lanthanides ions offer great potential in this area. The metalorganic materials provide properties of flexibility, low density, low-cost methods of synthesis, and insolubility in water, which gives them an advantage over traditional phosphors. In this study, a benzenetricarboxylate ligand (BTC) with a Eu{sup 3+} MOF was synthesized, and its structural and luminescent properties were measured. The metalorganic compound was generated in a one-pot reaction from europium nitrate and trimesic acid precursors. Through characterization by X-ray diffraction powder, infrared spectroscopy, SEM structural characterization, and luminescent spectroscopy, the formation of Europium benzenetricarboxylate (Eu-BTC) MOF nanorods was tested and the calculated value was in the range of 30–60 nm. A red luminescent emission with high intensity was observed for all the procedures.

  5. Lanthanide coordination polymers based on multi-donor ligand containing pyridine and phthalate moieties: Structures, luminescence and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng, Xun [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471022 (China); Liu, Lang [College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450002 (China); College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471022 (China); Wang, Li-Ya, E-mail: wlya@lynu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471022 (China); College of Chemistry and Pharmacy Engineering, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang 473601 (China); Song, Hong-Liang; Qiang Shi, Zhi; Wu, Xu-Hong [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471022 (China); Ng, Seik-Weng [Department of Chemistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603 (Malaysia); Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 80203 (Saudi Arabia)

    2013-10-15

    A new family of five lanthanide-organic coordination polymers incorporating multi-functional N-hetrocyclic dicarboxylate ligand, namely, [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}(dpp){sub 2}]{sub n}Ln=Pr(1), Eu(2), Gd(3), Dy(4), Er(5) (H{sub 2}dpp=1-(3, 4-dicarboxyphenyl) pyridin-4-ol) have been fabricated successfully through solvothermal reaction of 1-(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)-4-hydroxypyridin-1-ium chloride with trivalent lanthanide salts, and have been characterized systematically. The complexes 1–5 are isomorphous and isostructural. They all feature three dimensional (3D) frameworks based on the interconnection of 1D double chains composed of the binuclear moiety [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}]{sup 4+} basic carboxylate as secondary building unit (SBU). The results of magnetic analysis shows the same bridging fashion of carboxylic group in this case results in the different magnetic properties occurring within lanthanide polymers. Moreover, the Eu(III) and Dy(III) complexes display characteristic luminescence emission in the visible regions. - Graphical abstract: A new family of lanthanide-organic frameworks incorporating multi-donor twisted ligand has been fabricated successfully, and has been characterized systematically. The complexes 1–5 are isostructural, and all feather three dimensional (3D) frameworks based on the interconnection of 1D double stride chains composed of the binuclear moiety [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}]{sup 2+} basic carboxylate as secondary building unit (SBU). Display Omitted - Highlights: • New family of lanthanide–organic coordination polymers incorporating multifunctional N-hetrocyclic dicarboxylate ligand has been fabricated. • They have been characterized systematically. • They all feather three dimensional frameworks based on the binuclear moiety of [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}]{sup 2+}. • The Eu(III) and Dy(III) analogues exhibit intense photoluminescence.

  6. Structural diversity of a series of terpyridyl carboxylate coordination polymers: Luminescent sensor and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Fei; Yuan, Chun-Mei; Hu, Huai-Ming; Wang, Ting-Ting; Zhou, Chun-Sheng

    2018-02-01

    Eleven new coordination polymers, [Zn2(ctpy)2(HCOO)2]n·3nH2O (1), [Zn2(ctpy)2(HCOO)2(H2O)2]n·nH2O (2), [Zn2(ctpy)2(H2O)4]n·2n(CH3COO)·nH2O (3), [Zn2(ctpy)2(CH3COO)2]n·nH2O (4), [Zn(ctpy)2]n·nH2O (5), [Zn2(ctpy)2(Hidc)(H2O)2]n(6), [Cd2(ctpy)4]n(7), [Cd2(ctpy)2(Hidc)]n(8), [Co2(ctpy)2(HCOO)2(H2O)2]n·nH2O (9), [Co(ctpy)(DMF)(ox)0.5]n(10), [Co(ctpy)(ox)0.5]n(11) and the closely related compound [Zn(ctpy)(ox)0.5]n·0.5nH2O (12) (Hctpy = 4‧-carboxy-4,2‧:6‧,4‧‧-terpyridine, H2ox = oxalic acid and H3idc = imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid) have been synthesized by hydro(solvo)thermal reaction of 4‧-carboxy-4,2‧:6‧,4‧‧-terpyridine with divalent metal salts and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 4 have similar structure which demonstrate a two-fold interpenetrating 3D framework with a 3-connected utp topological net, which contains the same number of left and right-handed 21 helical chains. Compounds 2 and 9 are isostructural 2D layer with a 3-connected hcb topological net. Similar to 2, compound 3 also displays a 3-connected 2D hcb topological net. Compounds 5 and 10 are a 2D layer with a 4-connected sql topological net. Compound 6 shows a chiral 2D layer based on a 1D left- or right-handed helical chains, which are further extended into an achiral 2D + 2D→3D supramolecular network by hydrogen bonds with alternately arrangement. Compound 7 features an unusual 2-fold interpenetrating 3D coordination network which exhibits a new intriguing (3,5)-connected binodal topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (52·6)(53·63·73·8). Compound 8 shows a 2D→3D supramolecular structure based on (3,4)-connected 2D bilayers with the Schläfli symbol of (44·62). Compound 11 displays an unusual three-dimensional coordination network which exhibits an intriguing (3,8)-connected binodal new topological net with Schläfli symbol (42·62)2(42·623·83). Compound 12 features a two

  7. Structural and luminescence properties of samarium doped lead alumino borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Shaweta; Kaur, Simranpreet; Singh, D. P.; Kaur, Puneet

    2017-11-01

    The study reports the effect of samarium concentration on the physical, structural and spectroscopic characteristics of samarium doped lead alumino borate glasses having composition 20PbO-(10-x)Al2O3-70B2O3-xSm2O3; x = 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mol %. The glasses were fabricated by conventional melt-quenching technique and then characterized by XRD, FTIR, optical absorption and fluorescence spectra. X-ray diffraction studies confirmed the amorphous nature of the prepared glasses. FTIR spectra indicate the presence of BO3, BO4, AlO6 and a few other structural groups. Various physical properties such as density, molar volume, refractive index, rare earth ion concentration, boron-boron distance and polarizability etc. were determined using conventional methods and standard formulae. The Judd-Ofelt theory was applied on the optical absorption spectra of the glasses to evaluate the three phenomenological intensity parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6. The value of Ω2 was found to be highest for glass with 1 mol% Sm2O3 and attributed to the asymmetry of the ligand field at the rare earth ion site and the rare earth oxygen (Sm-O) covalency. The calculated intensity parameters and fluorescence spectra were further used to predict the radiative transition probability (A), radiative lifetime (τR), branching ratio (βR), peak wavelength (λp), effective line widths (Δλeff) and stimulated emission cross-section (σ) for the characteristic 4G5/2 → 6H5/2, 6H7/2 and 6H9/2 transitions of the Sm3+ ion. Concentration quenching was observed for 2 mol% concentration of Sm2O3 and ascribed to energy transfer through various cross-relaxation channels between Sm3+ ions. Reasonably high values of branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-section for the prepared glasses points towards their utility in the development of visible lasers emitting in the reddish-orange spectral region. However, the glass with 1 mol% Sm2O3 was found to show better radiative properties.

  8. Laser-induced luminescence of multilayer structures based on polyimides and CdSe and CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chistyakov, A A; Dayneko, S V; Zakharchenko, K V; Kolesnikov, V A; Tedoradze, M G; Mochalov, K E; Oleinikov, V A

    2009-01-01

    Laser-induced luminescence of multilayer structures based on the solids of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals, different organic semiconductors and on the layers of organic semiconductors with embedded nanocrystals has been investigated. Drastic decrease of luminescence quantum yield is observed in the films of CdSe nanocrystals on organic semiconductors compared to those on optical glasses. The luminescence of the nanocrystals in the matrices of organic semiconductors and in multilayer structures is shown to be suppressed. The effects observed are explained by the transfer of photogenerated carriers from the nanocrystals to the molecules of organic semiconductors. The presence of the charge transfer is confirmed by a drastic increase in the conductivity (by 2 – 4 orders of magnitude) and in photovoltaic effect at the presence of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals in the structures under investigation. The prospects of using the multilayer structures for development new materials for solar cells are discussed

  9. Structural and luminescence properties of self-yellow emitting undoped and (Ca, Ba, Sr)-doped Zn2V2O7 phosphors synthesized by combustion method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foka, Kewele E.; Dejene, Birhanu F.; Koao, Lehlohonolo F.; Swart, Hendrik C.

    2018-04-01

    A self-activated yellow emitting Zn2V2O7 was synthesized by combustion method. The influence of the processing parameters such as synthesis temperature and dopants concentration on the structure, morphology and luminescence properties was investigated. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed that the samples have a tetragonal structure and no significant structural change was observed in varying both the synthesis temperature and the dopants concentration. The estimated average crystallite size was 78 nm for the undoped samples synthesized at different temperatures and 77 nm for the doped samples. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images showed agglomerated hexagonal-shaped particles with straight edges at low temperatures and the shape of the particles changed to cylindrical structures at moderate temperatures. At higher temperatures, the morphology changed completely. However, the morphologies of the doped samples looked alike. The photoluminescence (PL) of the product exhibited broad emission bands ranging from 400 to 800 nm. The best luminescence intensity was observed for the undoped Zn2V2O7 samples and those synthesized at 600 ℃ . Any further increase in synthesis temperature, type and concentration of dopants led to a decrease in the luminescence intensity. The broad band emission peak of Zn2V2O7 consisted of two broad bands corresponding to emissions from the Em1 (3T2→1A1) and Em2 (3T1→1A1) transitions.

  10. SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a

    KEY WORDS: Barium, Crystal structure, 2,6-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid .... The rational design of novel metal-organic frameworks has attracted great ..... Bond, A.D.; Jones, W. Supramolecular Organization and Materials Design, Jones, W.; Rao,.

  11. Controlled synthesis and relationship between luminescent properties and shape/crystal structure of Zn2SiO4:MN2+ phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wan Junxi; Wang Zhenghua; Chen Xiangying; Mu Li; Yu Weichao; Qian Yitai

    2006-01-01

    Mn-doped Zn 2 SiO 4 phosphors with different morphology and crystal structure, which show different luminescence and photoluminescence intensity, were synthesized via a low-temperature hydrothermal route without further calcining treatment. As-synthesized zinc silicate nanostructures show green or yellow luminescence depending on their different crystal structure obtained under different preparation conditions. The yellow peak occurring at 575 nm comes from the β-phase zinc silicate, while the green peak centering at 525 nm results from the usual α-phase zinc silicate. From photoluminescence spectra, it is found that Zn 2 SiO 4 nanorods have higher photoluminescence intensity than Zn 2 SiO 4 nanoparticles. It can be ascribed to reduced surface-damaged region and high crystallinity of nanorods

  12. The exploration and characterization of an orange emitting long persistent luminescence phosphor LiSr4(BO3)3:Eu2+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jin, Yahong; Hu, Yihua; Wu, Haoyi; Chen, Li; Wang, Xiaojuan

    2016-01-01

    An orange emitting long persistent phosphor LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :Eu 2+ was prepared successfully using a conventional solid state reaction method. The luminescent and persistent luminescence properties were studied using fluorescence spectra, decay curves, persistent luminescence spectra and thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves. The effects on the fluorescence and persistent luminescence properties by the dosage of Li 2 CO 3 were explored. The relationship between the Eu 2+ contents and persistent luminescence properties were studied. The optimal doping concentration of Eu 2+ was experimentally to be 1 mol%. The detailed processes and a possible mechanism were also discussed. - Highlights: • Li 2 CO 3 plays a critical role in producing persistent luminescence. • 40 % excess of Li 2 CO 3 makes the largest enhancement on persistent luminescence. • The optimal doping concentration of Eu 2+ was experimentally to be 1mol %. • Possible mechanism for persistent luminescence was discussed.

  13. Studies in crystal structure and luminescence properties of Eu3+-doped metal tungstate phosphors for white LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Gwan-Hyoung; Kang, Shinhoo

    2011-01-01

    The correlation between the crystal structure and luminescent properties of Eu 3+ -doped metal tungstate phosphors for white LEDs was investigated. Red-emitting A 4-3x (WO 4 ) 2 :Eu x 3+ (A=Li, Na, K) and B (4-3x)/2 (WO 4 ) 2 :Eu x 3+ (B=Mg, Ca, Sr) phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reactions. The findings confirmed that these phosphors exhibited a strong absorption in the near UV to green range, due to the intra-configurational 4f-4f electron transition of Eu 3+ ions. The high doping concentration of Eu 3+ enhanced the absorption of near UV light and red emission without any detectable concentration quenching. Based on the results of a Rietveld refinement, it was attributed to the unique crystal structure. In the crystal structure of the Eu 3+ -doped metal tungstate phosphor, the critical energy transfer distance is larger than 5 A so that exchange interactions between Eu 3+ ions would occur with difficulty, even at a high doping concentration. The energy transfer between Eu 3+ ions, which causes a decrease in red emission with increasing concentration of Eu 3+ , appears to be due to electric multi-polar interactions. In addition, the Eu-O distance in the host lattice affected the shape of emission spectrum by splitting of emission peak at the 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 transition of Eu 3+ . - Highlights: → Eu 3+ -doped metal tungstate was synthesized as a red phosphor for white LEDs. → Crystal structure is tetragonal with a space group of I4 1 /c. → A strong absorption in the near UV to green range was observed. → High doping of Eu 3+ enhanced the absorption of near UV light and red emission.

  14. Silver-induced reconstruction of an adeninate-based metal-organic framework for encapsulation of luminescent adenine-stabilized silver clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonckheere, Dries; Coutino-Gonzalez, Eduardo; Baekelant, Wouter; Bueken, Bart; Reinsch, Helge; Stassen, Ivo; Fenwick, Oliver; Richard, Fanny; Samorì, Paolo; Ameloot, Rob; Hofkens, Johan; Roeffaers, Maarten B J; De Vos, Dirk E

    2016-05-21

    Bright luminescent silver-adenine species were successfully stabilized in the pores of the MOF-69A (zinc biphenyldicarboxylate) metal-organic framework, starting from the intrinsically blue luminescent bio-MOF-1 (zinc adeninate 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylate). Bio-MOF-1 is transformed to the MOF-69A framework by selectively leaching structural adenine linkers from the original framework using silver nitrate solutions in aqueous ethanol. Simultaneously, bright blue-green luminescent silver-adenine clusters are formed inside the pores of the recrystallized MOF-69A matrix in high local concentrations. The structural transition and concurrent changes in optical properties were characterized using a range of structural, physicochemical and spectroscopic techniques (steady-state and time-resolved luminescence, quantum yield determination, fluorescence microscopy). The presented results open new avenues for exploring the use of MOFs containing luminescent silver clusters for solid-state lighting and sensor applications.

  15. Luminescent properties and structure of multicomponent naphthalene-{beta}-cyclodextrin complexes. 1. Effect of adding third parties, o-carborane or/and adamantane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nazarov, Valery B. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Moscow region, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); Avakyan, Vitaly G., E-mail: avak@photonics.ru [Photochemistry Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119421 Moscow, Novatorov 7a (Russian Federation); Rudyak, Vladimir Y.; Alfimov, Michail V. [Photochemistry Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119421 Moscow, Novatorov 7a (Russian Federation); Vershinnikova, Tatiana G. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Moscow region, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation)

    2011-09-15

    Luminescence spectra of water solution of {beta}-cyclodextrin ({beta}-CD) inclusion complexes with naphthalene have been studied in the presence of carcass compounds (CC), adamantane and ocarborane, added in solution as the third parties. It was observed that the CC structure completely determines luminescence type displayed by the three-component complex. Adding adamantane to the solution leads to the disappearance of the spontaneous excimer fluorescence observed usually along with a monomer fluorescence of naphthalene and the appearance of the long lived phosphorescence at room temperature. At the same time, introducing o-carborane in solution of {beta}-CD inclusion complexes with naphthalene results in the dramatic growth of intensity of the excimer band at the expense of lowering intensity of monomer fluorescence. These phenomena were explained using results of the quantum-chemical calculation of the structure and complexation energies at the semi-empirical PM3 and DFT levels of theory. - Highlights: > Structure of carcass compounds determines luminescence types for naphthalene - betaCD complex. > Adding o-carborane leads to the growth of excimer fluorescence at low naphthalene concentrations. > Adding adamantane leads to the room temperature phosphorescence without deoxygenation.

  16. Novel polymeric potassium complex: Its synthesis, structural characterization, photoluminescence and electrochemical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ceyhan, Goekhan [Chemistry Department, K.Maras Suetcue Imam University, 46100 K.Maras (Turkey); Tuemer, Mehmet, E-mail: mtumer@ksu.edu.tr [Chemistry Department, K.Maras Suetcue Imam University, 46100 K.Maras (Turkey); Koese, Muhammet; McKee, Vickie [Chemistry Department, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU Leicestershire (United Kingdom)

    2012-03-15

    In this paper, we obtained a novel poly(vanillinato potassium) complex (PVP) as a single crystal and characterized by analytical and spectroscopic methods. A single crystal of the PVP was obtained from the acetone solution. X-ray structural data show that crystals contain polymeric K{sup +} complex of vanillin. Each potassium ion in the polymeric structure is identical and seven-coordinate, bonded to two methoxy, two phenoxy and three aldehyde oxygen atoms from four vaniline molecules. Two aldehyde oxygen atoms are bridging between potassium ions. It crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group P2{sub 1}/c, with lattice parameters a=9.6215(10) A, b=17.4139(19) A, c=9.6119(10) A, {beta}=100.457(2) Degree-Sign and Z=4. Thermal properties of the PVP were investigated by TGA, DTA and DSC methods. The electrochemical properties of the complex were studied in different solvents and at various scan rates. The luminescence properties of the complex in different solvents and at different pH values have been investigated. The results show that the complex exhibits more efficient luminescence property in CH{sub 3}CN and n-butanol. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Novel polymeric potassium complex was prepared and fully characterized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer X-ray crystal structure of complex was reported. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Electrochemical properties of compound were investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal and DSC measurements of complex were examined.

  17. Exploring Polaronic, Excitonic Structures and Luminescence in Cs4PbBr6/CsPbBr3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Byungkyun; Biswas, Koushik

    2018-02-15

    Among the important family of halide perovskites, one particular case of all-inorganic, 0-D Cs 4 PbBr 6 and 3-D CsPbBr 3 -based nanostructures and thin films is witnessing intense activity due to ultrafast luminescence with high quantum yield. To understand their emissive behavior, we use hybrid density functional calculations to first compare the ground-state electronic structure of the two prospective compounds. The dispersive band edges of CsPbBr 3 do not support self-trapped carriers, which agrees with reports of weak exciton binding energy and high photocurrent. The larger gap 0-D material Cs 4 PbBr 6 , however, reveals polaronic and excitonic features. We show that those lattice-coupled carriers are likely responsible for observed ultraviolet emission around ∼375 nm, reported in bulk Cs 4 PbBr 6 and Cs 4 PbBr 6 /CsPbBr 3 composites. Ionization potential calculations and estimates of type-I band alignment support the notion of quantum confinement leading to fast, green emission from CsPbBr 3 nanostructures embedded in Cs 4 PbBr 6 .

  18. Synthesis and structural characterization of lithium

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    synthesis and characterization of two new iminophos- phonamine ligands ... structures. 2.3 General synthetic method for ligands (1 and 2) ... 2.3b General method for the Synthesis of ligands ...... studies are currently underway in our laboratory.

  19. Structural Characterization of Peptide Antibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chailyan, Anna; Marcatili, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The role of proteins as very effective immunogens for the generation of antibodies is indisputable. Nevertheless, cases in which protein usage for antibody production is not feasible or convenient compelled the creation of a powerful alternative consisting of synthetic peptides. Synthetic peptides...... can be modified to obtain desired properties or conformation, tagged for purification, isotopically labeled for protein quantitation or conjugated to immunogens for antibody production. The antibodies that bind to these peptides represent an invaluable tool for biological research and discovery....... To better understand the underlying mechanisms of antibody-antigen interaction here we present a pipeline developed by us to structurally classify immunoglobulin antigen binding sites and to infer key sequence residues and other variables that have a prominent role in each structural class....

  20. Experimental and first principle study of the structure, electronic, optical and luminescence properties of M-type GdNbO4 phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Shoujun; Zhang, Haotian; Zhang, Qingli; Chen, Yuanzhi; Dou, Renqin; Peng, Fang; Liu, Wenpeng; Sun, Dunlu

    2018-06-01

    In this work, GdNbO4 polycrystalline with monoclinic phase was prepared by traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction. Its structure was determined by X-ray diffraction and its unit cell parameters were obtained with Rietveld refinement method. Its luminescence properties (including absorbance, emission and luminescence lifetime) were investigated with experiment method and the CIE chromaticity coordinate was presented. Furthermore, a systematic theoretical calculation (including band gap, density of states and optical properties) based on the density function theory methods was performed on GdNbO4. Lastly, a comparison between experiment and calculated results was conducted. The calculated and experiment results obtained in this work can provide an essential understanding of GdNbO4 material.

  1. Water-resistant, monodispersed and stably luminescent CsPbBr3/CsPb2Br5 core-shell-like structure lead halide perovskite nanocrystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Bo; Song, Pengjie; Cao, Jingyue; Zhao, Suling; Shen, Zhaohui; Gao, Di; Liang, Zhiqin; Xu, Zheng; Song, Dandan; Xu, Xurong

    2017-11-01

    Lead halide perovskite materials are thriving in optoelectronic applications due to their excellent properties, while their instability due to the fact that they are easily hydrolyzed is still a bottleneck for their potential application. In this work, water-resistant, monodispersed and stably luminescent cesium lead bromine perovskite nanocrystals coated with CsPb2Br5 were obtained using a modified non-stoichiometric solution-phase method. CsPb2Br5 2D layers were coated on the surface of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals and formed a core-shell-like structure in the synthetic processes. The stability of the luminescence of the CsPbBr3 nanocrystals in water and ethanol atmosphere was greatly enhanced by the photoluminescence-inactive CsPb2Br5 coating with a wide bandgap. The water-stable enhanced nanocrystals are suitable for long-term stable optoelectronic applications in the atmosphere.

  2. Identification and characterization of the Luc2-type luciferase in the Japanese firefly, Luciola parvula, involved in a dim luminescence in immobile stages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bessho-Uehara, Manabu; Oba, Yuichi

    2017-09-01

    Nocturnal Japanese fireflies, Luciola parvula, emit from their lanterns a yellow light, one of the most red-shifted colors found among fireflies. Previously, we isolated and characterized two different types of luciferase gene, Luc1 and Luc2, from the fireflies Luciola cruciata and Luciola lateralis; Luc1 is responsible for the green-yellow luminescence of larval and adult lanterns, whereas Luc2 is responsible for the dim greenish glow of eggs and pupal bodies. The biological role of firefly lanterns in adults is related to sexual communication, but why the eggs and pupae glow remains uncertain. In this study, we isolated the gene Luc2 from L. parvula, and compared its expression profiles and enzymatic characteristics with those of Luc1. A semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showed that Luc1 was predominantly expressed in larvae, prepupae, pupae and adults, whereas Luc2 was expressed in eggs, prepupae, pupae and adult females. Enzymatic analyses showed that the luminescent color of Luc1 matches the visual sensitivity of L. parvula eyes, whereas that of Luc2 is very different from it. These results suggest that the biological role of Luc2 expressed in immobile stages is not intraspecific communication. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. Preparation and characterization of bifunctional dendrimer modified Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/CdTe nanoparticles with both luminescent and superparamagnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Xiuling, E-mail: wxling_self@163.com [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009 (China); Gu, Yinjun; Dong, Shuling [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009 (China); Zhao, Qin [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226019 (China); Liu, Yongjian [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009 (China)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • The fluorescent superparamagnetic dendrimeric Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/CdTe nanoparticles are synthesized in this paper. • The synthesized nanocomposites maintain excellent magnetic properties. • The synthesized nanocomposites maintain highly luminescent markers with narrow emission bands. - Abstract: Magnetic nanoparticles Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} were prepared by hydrothermal coprecipitation of ferric and ferrous ions using NaOH. The surface modification of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticle by dendrimers has rendered the nanoparticle surface with enriched amine groups which facilitated the adsorption and conjugation of thioglycolic acid (TGA) modified CdTe quantum dots to form a stable hybrid nanostructure. Three generations (first generation: G0F, second generation: G1F, third generation: G3F) of bifunctional dendrimeric Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/CdTe nanoparticles were successfully prepared using this technique and characterized by microscopy. The optical and magnetic properties of the dendrimeric Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/CdTe nanoparticle were also investigated. The microscopic study reveals 3 different sizes for 3 generations, 16 nm (G0F), 31 nm (G1F) and 47 nm (G3F). Among three generations of nanoparticles, the G1F has the best optical property with a luminescent quantum yield of 25.6% and the G0F has the best magnetic property with a saturation magnetization of 19.3 emμ/g.

  4. Structural, luminescence and biological studies of trivalent lanthanide complexes with N,N Prime -bis(2-hydroxynaphthylmethylidene)-1,3-propanediamine Schiff base ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taha, Ziyad A., E-mail: tahaz33@just.edu.jo [Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110 (Jordan); Ajlouni, Abdulaziz M. [Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110 (Jordan); Al Momani, Waleed [Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Al Balqa Applied University (Jordan)

    2012-11-15

    New eight lanthanide metal complexes were prepared. These complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity measurements, spectral analysis ({sup 1}H NMR, FT-IR, UV-vis), luminescence and thermal gravimetric analysis. All Ln(III) complexes were 1:1 electrolytes as established by their molar conductivities. The microanalysis and spectroscopic analysis revealed eight-coordinated environments around lanthanide ions with two nitrate ligands behaving in a bidentate manner. The other four positions were found to be occupied with tetradentate L{sub III} ligand. Tb-L{sub III} and Sm-L{sub III} complexes exhibited characteristic luminescence emissions of the central metal ions and this was attributed to efficient energy transfer from the ligand to the metal center. The L{sub III} and Ln-L{sub III} complexes showed antibacterial activity against a number of pathogenic bacteria. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ln(III) ion adopts an eight-coordinate geometry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Luminescence spectra of Sm-L{sub III} and Tb-L{sub III} complexes display the metal centered line emission. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Energy transfer process from L{sub III} to Sm in Sm-L{sub III} complex is more efficient than to Tb in Tb-L{sub III} complex. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ln(III) complexes may serve as models for biologically important species.

  5. Structural and light up-conversion luminescence properties of Er3+-Yb3+-W6+ substituted Bi4Ti3O12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bokolia, Renuka; Rai, Vineet K.; Chauhan, Lalita; Sreenivas, K.

    2016-05-01

    The structural and light up-conversion (UC) luminescence properties of W6+ substituted Bi3.79Er0.03Yb0.18Ti3-xWxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.10) ceramics prepared by solid state reaction method have been investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirms the formation of single phase material with orthorhombic structure. A decrease in the lattice parameters and unit cell volume is observed with increasing W content. Strong UC luminescence at 527, 548 and 662 nm is seen under an excitation of 980 nm for an optimum W content (x = 0.06) and is attributed to the transitions 2H11/2 →4I15/2, 4S3/2 →4I15/2 and 4F9/2 →4I15/2 respectively. The improved UC luminescence is ascribed to the reduced defects such as oxygen vacancies and change in the crystal field around Er3+ ions due to B-site (Ti4+) substitution with W6+ ions. Enhanced UC emission is observed for an optimum content of w6+ in the prepared composition Bi3.79Er0.03Yb0.18Ti3-xWxO12 for x = 0.06.

  6. On characterization of anisotropic plant protein structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krintiras, G.A.; Göbel, J.; Bouwman, W.G.; Goot, van der A.J.; Stefanidis, G.D.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a set of complementary techniques was used to characterize surface and bulk structures of an anisotropic Soy Protein Isolate (SPI)–vital wheat gluten blend after it was subjected to heat and simple shear flow in a Couette Cell. The structured biopolymer blend can form a basis for a

  7. The Characterization of Galaxy Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaritsky, Dennis

    There is no all-encompassing intuitive physical understanding of galactic structure. We cannot predict the size, surface brightness, or luminosity of an individual galaxy based on the mass of its halo, or other physical characteristics, from simple first principles or even empirical guidelines. We have come to believe that such an understanding is possible because we have identified a simple scaling relation that applies to all gravitationally bound stellar systems,from giant ellipticals to dwarf spheroidals, from spiral galaxies to globular clusters. The simplicity (and low scatter) of this relationship testifies to an underlying order. In this proposal, we outline what we have learned so far about this scaling relationship, what we need to do to refine it so that it has no free parameters and provides the strongest possible test of galaxy formation and evolution models, and several ways in which we will exploit the relationship to explore other issues. Primarily, the proposed work involves a study of the uniform IR surface photometry of several thousand stellar systems using a single data source (the Spitzer S4G survey) to address shortcomings posed by the current heterogeneous sample and combining these data with the GALEX database to study how excursions from this relationship are related to current or on-going star formation. This relationship, like its antecedents the Fundamental Plane or Tully-Fisher relationship, can also be used to estimate distances and stellar mass-to-light ratios. We will describe the key advantages our relationship has relative to the existing work and how we will exploit those using archival NASA data from the Spitzer, GALEX, and WISE missions.

  8. Luminescent screens

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lu, C.-I.

    1982-01-01

    Luminescent screens which are useful for such purposes as intensifying screens for radiographs are comprised of a support bearing a layer of finely divided particles of a phosphor dispersed in a cross-linked polymeric matrix formed by heat-curing of a coating composition comprising an unsaturated cross-linkable polymer, a polymerizable acrylic monomer, a thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer, and a heat-activatable polymerization initiator. The phosphor layer includes voids formed by evaporation of an evaporable component which is present in the coating composition from which such layer is formed. (author)

  9. Structural, optoelectronic, luminescence and thermal properties of Ga-doped zinc oxide thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shinde, S.S.; Shinde, P.S.; Oh, Y.W.; Haranath, D.; Bhosale, C.H.; Rajpure, K.Y.

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► The ecofriendly deposition of Ga-doped zinc oxide. ► Influence of Ga doping onto physicochemical properties in aqueous media. ► Electron–phonon coupling by Raman. ► Chemical bonding structure and valence band analysis by XPS. - Abstract: Ga-doped ZnO thin films are synthesized by chemical spray pyrolysis onto corning glass substrates in aqueous media. The influence of gallium doping on to the photoelectrochemical, structural, Raman, XPS, morphological, optical, electrical, photoluminescence and thermal properties have been investigated in order to achieve good quality films. X-ray diffraction study depicts the films are polycrystalline and fit well with hexagonal (wurtzite) crystal structure with strong orientations along the (0 0 2) and (1 0 1) planes. Presence of E 2 high mode in Raman spectra indicates that the gallium doping does not change the wurtzite structure. The coupling strength between electron and LO phonon has experimentally estimated. In order to understand the chemical bonding structure and electronic states of the Ga-doped ZnO thin films XPS analysis have been studied. SEM images shows the films are adherent, compact, densely packed with hexagonal flakes and spherical grains. Optical transmittance and reflectance measurements have been carried out. Room temperature PL spectra depict violet, blue and green emission in deposited films. The specific heat and thermal conductivity study shows the phonon conduction behavior is dominant in these polycrystalline films.

  10. Study of structure modification influence of polymer matrix on the impurity centers luminescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Akylbaev, Zh.S.; Karitskay, S.G.; Nikitina, L.A.; Kobzev, G.I.

    2002-01-01

    Data on study of influence of polymer matrix structure change on impurity centers fluorescence are cited. In the capacity of polymer matrix the polyvinyl butyryl (PVB) serves, and as fluorescence centers the dye molecules the crystal violet (CV) are serving. Computerized simulation of processes of PVB matrixes structuring under the oxygen action from air, produced under annealing of the film at thermal treatment of liquid polymer. Calculation of KV spectral lines wave length under optimization of the dye-polymer system is carried out by the Mm+ molecular mechanics method, and then by semi-empiric method ZINDO1

  11. Synthesis, crystal structure and photo luminescent property of a 3D ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    isonicotinate)2(suc)2]n. Empirical formula. C20H16Cd3N2O12. Formula weight. 813.58 ..... SMART and SAINT, Bruker AXS Inc, Madison, WI. 1998. 47. Sheldrick G M 1997 SHELXS-97 Program for solution of crystal structures, University of Gottingen, ...

  12. Omnidirectional luminescence enhancement of fluorescent SiC via pseudoperiodic antireflective subwavelength structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ou, Yiyu; Jokubavicius, Valdas; Yakimova, Rositza

    2012-01-01

    In the present work, an approach of fabricating pseudoperiodic antireflective subwavelength structures (ARS) on fluorescent SiC by using self-assembled etch mask is demonstrated. By applying the pseudoperiodic (ARS), the average surface reflectance at 6° incidence over the spectral range of 390...

  13. Electronic structure, charge transfer, and intrinsic luminescence of gadolinium oxide nanoparticles: Experiment and theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatsepin, D. A.; Boukhvalov, D. W.; Zatsepin, A. F.; Kuznetsova, Yu. A.; Mashkovtsev, M. A.; Rychkov, V. N.; Shur, V. Ya.; Esin, A. A.; Kurmaev, E. Z.

    2018-04-01

    The cubic (c) and monoclinic (m) polymorphs of Gd2O3 were studied using the combined analysis of several materials science techniques - X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Density functional theory (DFT) based calculations for the samples under study were performed as well. The cubic phase of gadolinium oxide (c-Gd2O3) synthesized using a precipitation method exhibits spheroidal-like nanoclusters with well-defined edges assembled from primary nanoparticles with an average size of 50 nm, whereas the monoclinic phase of gadolinium oxide (m-Gd2O3) deposited using explosive pyrolysis has a denser structure compared with natural gadolinia. This phase also has a structure composed of three-dimensional complex agglomerates without clear-edged boundaries that are ∼21 nm in size plus a cubic phase admixture of only 2 at.% composed of primary edge-boundary nanoparticles ∼15 nm in size. These atomic features appear in the electronic structure as different defects ([Gd…Osbnd OH] and [Gd…Osbnd O]) and have dissimilar contributions to the charge-transfer processes among the appropriate electronic states with ambiguous contributions in the Gd 5р - O 2s core-like levels in the valence band structures. The origin of [Gd…Osbnd OH] defects found by XPS was well-supported by PL analysis. The electronic and atomic structures of the synthesized gadolinias calculated using DFT were compared and discussed on the basis of the well-known joint OKT-van der Laan model, and good agreement was established.

  14. Luminescent features of sol–gel derived rare-earth multi-doped oxyfluoride nano-structured phosphors for white LED application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gouveia-Neto, A.S.; Silva, A.F. da; Bueno, L.A.; Costa, E.B. da

    2012-01-01

    Rare-earth doped oxyfluoride 75SiO 2 :25PbF 2 nano-structured phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes were synthesized by thermal treatment of precursor sol–gel derived glasses. Room temperature luminescence features of Eu 3+ , Sm 3+ , Tb 3+ , Eu 3+ /Tb 3+ , and Sm 3+ /Tb 3+ ions incorporated into low-phonon-energy PbF 2 nanocrystals dispersed in the aluminosilicate glass matrix and excited with UV light emitting diode were investigated. The luminescence spectra exhibited strong emission signals in the red (600, 610, 625, and 646 nm), green (548 and 560 nm), and blue (485 nm) wavelength regions. White-light emission was observed in Sm/Tb and Eu/Tb double-doped activated phosphors employing UV-LED excitation at 395 nm. The dependence of the luminescence emission intensities upon annealing temperature and rare-earth concentration was also examined. The results indicated that there exist optimum annealing temperature and activator ion concentration in order to obtain intense visible emission light with high color rendering index. The study suggests that the nanocomposite phosphor based upon 75SiO 2 :25PbF 2 host herein reported is a promising contender for white-light LED applications. - Highlights: ► White-light emission in double-doped activated phosphors employing UV-LED excitation. ► Luminescent features of europium, samarium, and terbium in nanocrystals dispersed in aluminosilicate glass. ► New nanocomposite phosphor host for white-light LED applications.

  15. Electronic structure and optical properties of CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1−x} solid solution nanostructures from X-ray absorption near edge structure, X-ray excited optical luminescence, and density functional theory investigations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, M. W. [DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron), FS-PEX, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Yiu, Y. M., E-mail: yyiu@uwo.ca; Sham, T. K. [Department of Chemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A5B7 (Canada); Ward, M. J. [Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS), Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Liu, L. [Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM) and Soochow University-Western University Center for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123 (China); Hu, Y. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N2V3 (Canada); Zapien, J. A. [Center Of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF) and Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (China); Liu, Yingkai [Institute of Physics and Electronic Information, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, Yunnan, 650500 (China)

    2014-11-21

    The electronic structure and optical properties of a series of iso-electronic and iso-structural CdS{sub x}Se{sub 1−x} solid solution nanostructures have been investigated using X-ray absorption near edge structure, extended X-ray absorption fine structure, and X-ray excited optical luminescence at various absorption edges of Cd, S, and Se. It is found that the system exhibits compositions, with variable local structure in-between that of CdS and CdSe accompanied by tunable optical band gap between that of CdS and CdSe. Theoretical calculation using density functional theory has been carried out to elucidate the observations. It is also found that luminescence induced by X-ray excitation shows new optical channels not observed previously with laser excitation. The implications of these observations are discussed.

  16. The preparation and characterization of a loess sediment reference material for QC/QA of the annual radiation dose determination in luminescence dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Corte, F.; De Wispelaere, A.; Vandenberghe, D.; Hossain, S.M.; Van den haute, P.

    2005-01-01

    Of crucial importance for obtaining reliable results in the luminescence dating of sediments, is the accurate and precise assessment of both the palaeodose and the annual radiation dose [cf the age equation: luminescence-age (ka) = palaeodose (Gray)/annual radiation dose (Gray.ka -1 )]. Clearly, for QC/QA of the annual radiation dose determination, a sediment reference material - not readily available up to now - would be highly useful. Therefore, in the present work a loess sediment was prepared and characterized with well-defined K, Th and U contents (the radiation dose being built up mainly by 40 K, and by 232 Th and 235,238 U and their decay daughters) and - otherwise expressed - alpha, beta, gamma and total radiation dose-rates. The material, a fine-grained aeolian loess sediment deposited in the Young-Pleistocene (Weichselian), a part of the Quaternary, was collected at Volkegem, Belgium. At the sampling site, NaI(Tl) field gamma-ray spectrometry was performed, yielding - via comparison with the 'Heidelberg calibration block' - concentrations (wet loess weight) for K, Th and U. About 14 kg material was brought to the laboratory and kept for ∼1 week at 110 degree C until constant weight (water content ≅14%). Then, the dried loess was subject to agate ball milling so as to pass through a 50 μm sieve. The ∼12 kg powder obtained in this way was homogenized both in a turbula mixer and manually. For the thus prepared loess material, good homogeneity for its K, Th and U content was found, as investigated via k 0 -INAA. For the final concentration and radiation dose-rate characterization, use was made of (next to NaI(Tl) field gamma-ray spectrometry and k 0 -INAA): extended energy-range low-background Ge gamma-ray spectrometry (also showing that the 232 Th and 238 U decay series were in secular equilibrium), thick source ZnS alpha-counting and GM beta-counting. For the latter', the conversion factors 'beta count-rate mutually implies radiation dose-rate' were

  17. Synthesis, crystal structures, and luminescent properties of two series' of new lanthanide (III) amino-carboxylate-phosphonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Tian-Hua; Yi, Fei-Yan; Li, Pei-Xin; Mao, Jiang-Gao

    2010-02-01

    Hydrothermal reactions of lanthanide(III) chlorides with 4-HOOC-C(6)H(4)-CH(2)NHCH(2)PO(3)H(2) (H(3)L) at different ligand-to-metal (L/M) ratios afforded nine new lanthanide(III) carboxylate-phosphonates with two types of 3D network structures, namely, LnCl(HL)(H(2)O)(2) (Ln = Sm, 1; Eu, 2; Gd, 3; Tb, 4; Dy, 5; Er, 6) and [Ln(2)(HL)(H(2)L)(L)(H(2)O)(2)].4H(2)O (Ln = Nd, 7; Sm, 8; Eu, 9). Compounds 1-6 are isostructural and feature a 3D network in which the LnO(7)Cl polyhedra are interconnected by bridging CPO(3) tetrahedra into 2D inorganic layers parallel to the bc plane. These layers are further cross-linked by organic groups of the carboxylate-phosphonate ligands via the coordination of the carboxylate groups into a pillared-layered architecture. Compounds 7-9 are also isostructural and feature a 3D open-framework composed of 1D lanthanide(III) phosphonate inorganic slabs which are further bridged by organic groups of the carboxylate-phosphonate liagnds via the coordination of the carboxylate groups, forming large 1D tunnels along the b-axis which are filled by lattice water molecules. Luminescent measurements indicate that compounds 2, 4, and 5 show strong emission bands in red, green, and yellow light region, respectively. Magnetic properties of 2, 3, 5, and 7 have also been studied.

  18. Luminescence enhancement of uranyl ion by benzoic acid in acetonitrile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Satendra Kumar; Maji, S.; Joseph, M.; Sankaran, K.

    2014-01-01

    Uranyl ion is known for its characteristic green luminescence and therefore luminescence spectroscopy is a suitable technique for characterizing different uranyl species. In aqueous medium, luminescence of uranyl ion is generally weak due to its quenching by water molecules and therefore in order to enhance the luminescence of uranyl ion in aqueous medium, luminescence enhancing reagents such as H 3 PO 4 , H 2 SO 4 , HCIO 4 have been widely used. The other method to enhance the uranyl luminescence is by ligand sensitized luminescence, a method well established for lanthanides. In this work, luminescence of uranyl ion is found to be enhanced by benzoic acid in acetonitrile medium. In aqueous medium benzoic acid does not enhance the uranyl luminescence although it forms 1:1 and 1:2 complexes with uranyl ion. Luminescence spectra of uranyl benzoate revealed that enhancement is due to sensitization of uranyl luminescence by benzoate ions. UV-Vis spectroscopy has been utilized to characterize the specie formed in the in acetonitrile medium. UV-Vis spectroscopy along with luminescence spectra revealed that the specie to be tribenzoate complex of uranyl (UO 2 (C 6 H 5 COO) 3 ) - having D 3 h symmetry. (author)

  19. Structural and luminescence effects of Ga co-doping on Ce-doped yttrium aluminate based phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ayvacikli, M. [Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Muradiye, Manisa (Turkey); Canimoglu, A. [Nigde University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Physics Department, Nigde (Turkey); Muresan, L.E., E-mail: laura_muresan2003@yahoo.com [Babes Bolyai University, Raluca Ripan Institute for Research in Chemistry, Fantanele 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Barbu Tudoran, L. [Babes Bolyai University, Electronic Microscopy Centre, Clinicilor 37, 400006 Cluj Napoca (Romania); Garcia Guinea, J. [Museo Nacional Ciencias Naturales, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Karabulut, Y. [Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Muradiye, Manisa (Turkey); Jorge, A. [Museo Nacional Ciencias Naturales, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Karali, T. [Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 35100 Bornova, İzmir (Turkey); Can, N., E-mail: cannurdogan@yahoo.com [Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Muradiye, Manisa (Turkey); Jazan University, Physics Department, P.O. Box 114, 45142 Jazan (Saudi Arabia)

    2016-05-05

    Herein, we primarily focus on luminescence spectrum measurements of various types of green emitting yttrium aluminate phosphors modified with gallium (Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5-x}Ga{sub x}O{sub 12}) synthesised by solid state reaction. The luminescent emission of samples depends on sample temperature and excitation radiation such as incident X-ray, electron and laser beam. Here, we measured radioluminescence (RL), cathodoluminescence (CL), photoluminescence (PL) along with XRD in order to clarify relationship between lattice defects and the spectral luminescence emissions. The RL and CL spectra of YAG:Ce exhibit an emission band ranging from 300 to 450 nm related to Y{sub Al} antisite defects. The broad emission band of garnet phosphors is shifted from 526 nm to 498 nm with increasing of Ga{sup 3+} content, while full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the band tends to be greater than the width of unmodified YAG:Ce garnet. Deconvolution of the spectrum reveals that three emission bands centred at 139, 234 and 294 °C occur in aluminate host garnets. - Highlights: • We present preparation of YAG:Ce{sup 3+}, Ga{sup 3+} phosphors by a solid state reaction method. • The shape and size of phosphor particles were investigated. • The luminescence properties were studied by different excitation sources.

  20. Anodic luminescence, structural, photoluminescent, and photocatalytic properties of anodic oxide films grown on niobium in phosphoric acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stojadinović, Stevan, E-mail: sstevan@ff.bg.ac.rs [University of Belgrade, Faculty of Physics, Studentski trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Tadić, Nenad [University of Belgrade, Faculty of Physics, Studentski trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Radić, Nenad [University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Department of Catalysis and Chemical Engineering, Njegoševa 12, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Stefanov, Plamen [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 11, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Grbić, Boško [University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Department of Catalysis and Chemical Engineering, Njegoševa 12, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Vasilić, Rastko [University of Belgrade, Faculty of Physics, Studentski trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia)

    2015-11-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Anodic luminescence is correlated to the existence of morphological defects in the oxide. • Spectrum under spark discharging reveals only oxygen and hydrogen lines. • Oxide films formed under spark discharging are crystallized and composed of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}. • Photocatalytic activity and photoluminescence of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} films increase with time. - Abstract: This article reports on properties of oxide films obtained by anodization of niobium in phosphoric acid before and after the dielectric breakdown. Weak anodic luminescence of barrier oxide films formed during the anodization of niobium is correlated to the existence of morphological defects in the oxide layer. Small sized sparks generated by dielectric breakdown of formed oxide film cause rapid increase of luminescence intensity. The luminescence spectrum of obtained films on niobium under spark discharging is composed of continuum radiation and spectral lines caused by electronic spark discharging transitions in oxygen and hydrogen atoms. Oxide films formed before the breakdown are amorphous, while after the breakdown oxide films are partly crystalline and mainly composed of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} hexagonal phase. The photocatalytic activity of obtained oxide films after the breakdown was investigated by monitoring the degradation of methyl orange. Increase of the photocatalytic activity with time is related to an increase of oxygen vacancy defects in oxide films formed during the process. Also, higher concentration of oxygen vacancy defects in oxide films results in higher photoluminescence intensity.

  1. The electronic structure of rare-earth luminescent centre in alkaline-earth sulphides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng Qingqi; Pan Wei; Huang Maichun; He Xiaoguang

    1988-09-01

    The cluster method is used to investigate the electronic structure of rare-earth Eu 2+ and Ce 3+ doped SrS and CaS alkaline-earth sulphides in the local density theory regime. The ground state is obtained self-consistently by the DV-X α method, while the transition state theory is used to calculate the excited states. The energy difference between ground state and excited state is 2.95 eV (420 nm) for CaS:Eu is in good agreement with the experimental data of 430 nm for the absorption peak in SrS:Cu. The composition of ground state and excited state is also calculated which can give information about the EL excitation mechanism. (author). 7 refs, 4 figs, 3 tabs

  2. Vortex structure and characterization of quasiperiodic functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dana, Itzhack; Chernov, Vladislav E

    2002-01-01

    Quasiperiodic functions (QPFs) are characterized by their full vortex structure in one unit cell. This characterization is much finer and more sensitive than the topological one given by the total vorticity per unit cell (the 'Chern index'). It is shown that QPFs with an arbitrarily prescribed vortex structure exist by constructing explicitly such a 'standard' QPF. Two QPFs with the same vortex structure are equivalent, in the sense that their ratio is a function which is strictly periodic, nonvanishing and at least continuous. A general QPF can then be approximately reconstructed from its vortex structure on the basis of the standard QPF and the equivalence concept. As another application of this concept, a simple method is proposed for calculating the quasiperiodic eigenvectors of periodic matrices. Possible applications to the quantum-chaos problem on a phase-space torus are briefly discussed

  3. Luminescence properties of uranyl-acetate species

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkmann, Hannes; Moll, Henry [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Inst. of Resource Ecology; Stumpf, Thorsten [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Biogeochemistry

    2017-06-01

    Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) was applied to characterize uranium(VI)- acetate species based on their luminescence properties. In contrast to previous interpretations, no indications were detected for the existence of the 1: 3 complex.

  4. Calibration beads containing luminescent lanthanide ion complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    The reliability of lanthanide luminescence measurements, by both flow cytometry and digital microscopy, will be enhanced by the availability of narrow-band emitting lanthanide calibration beads. These beads can also be used to characterize spectrographic instruments, including mi...

  5. Study on luminescence characteristics of blue OLED with phosphor-doped host-guest structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen; Liu, Fei; Zheng, Xin; Chen, Ai; Xie, Jia-feng; Zhang, Wen-xia

    2018-05-01

    In this study, we design and fabricate phosphor-doped host-guest structure organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), where the blue-ray iridium complex electrophosphorescent material FIrpic acts as object material. Properties of the device can be accommodated by changing the host materials, dopant concentration and thickness of the light-emitting layer. The study shows that the host material N,N'-dicarbazolyl-3,5-benzene (mCP) has a higher triplet excited state energy level, which can effectively prevent FIrpic triplet excited state energy backtracking to host material, thus the luminous efficiency is improved. When mCP is selected as the host material, the thickness of the light-emitting layer is 30 nm and the dopant concentration is 8 wt%, the excitons can be effectively confined in the light-emitting region. As a result, the maximum current efficiency and the maximum brightness of the blue device can reach 15.5 cd/A and 7 196.3 cd/m2, respectively.

  6. [Molecular structure and luminescent property of bis(2-(4-methyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazolate) zinc].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hui-Xia; Chen, Liu-Qing; Wang, Hua; Hao, Yu-Ying; Xu, Bing-She

    2011-02-01

    Bis(2-(4-methyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazolate) zinc(Zn(4-MeBTZ)2) was synthesized. Its molecular structure was confirmed by single-crystal x-ray diffraction. Single-crystal data are as follows: space group triclinic, P-1; a = 8.989 9(11) angstroms, b =12.161 7 (15) angstroms, c = 12.871 9 (16) angstroms, alpha = 63.492 (2) degrees, beta = 84.825 (2) degrees, gamma =71.187 (2) degrees. The steric hindrance provided by introduction methyl groups on phenoxide ring prohibited effectively the formation of pentacoordinate complex. There is distinct intermolecular pi-pi interaction between molecules. The dihedral angle between the phenol and benzothiazolate rings of Zn(4-MeBTZ)2 is 2.166 degrees. The HOMO energy, LUMO energy and optical gap are -5.84, -3.46 and 2.37 eV, respectively. The maximum wavelength peak of PL spectra located at 470 nm. The double-layer devices were employed using Zn(4-MeBTZ)2 as emitter and NPB as hole-transport material. The EL spectra split into two peaks located at 501 and 544 nm respectively. The broadened EL spectra were demonstrated to be originated from the exciplexes formed at the interface between NPB and Zn(4-MeBTZ)2.

  7. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Luminescence Property of a New Silver(I) Dimer with Isonicotinic Acid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yuan, Qi; Liu, Bing

    2005-01-01

    The absorption spectrum was calculated from reflection spectrum by the Kubelka.Munk function. The energy gap of the title compound determined by extrapolation from the linear portion of the absorption edge in a (α/S) versus energy plot is 1.91 eV, which suggests that the title compound behaves as semiconductor. Isonicotinic acid (Iso), namely 4.pyridinecarboxylate, a multi.functional chelating and/or bridging ligand, has proved to be very powerful for the construction of multi. dimensional metal.organic coordination networks. Furthermore, The isonicotinic acid complexes has raised many interests in fluorescence probing with numerous potential applications for studies of microsecond diffusion and dynamics of membranes. Metal centers are potential carriers of electrochemical, magnetic, catalytic, or optical properties that may be introduced into the inorganic.organic hybrid materials. d"1"0 metals with rich photophysical and photochemical character have focused attentions to synthesize polynuclear complexes. Considering the versatile coordination abilities of Iso, we employ the ligand to coordinate with silver nitrate to fabricate a coordination complex with excellent fluorescence property. Herein we report the synthesis, crystal structure and fluorescence property of a new d"1"0 coordination dimer [Ag_2(Iso)_2(NO_3)_2

  8. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Luminescence Property of a New Silver(I) Dimer with Isonicotinic Acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan, Qi [Pharmacy College of Henan University, Kaifeng (China); Liu, Bing [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou (China)

    2005-10-15

    The absorption spectrum was calculated from reflection spectrum by the Kubelka.Munk function. The energy gap of the title compound determined by extrapolation from the linear portion of the absorption edge in a (α/S) versus energy plot is 1.91 eV, which suggests that the title compound behaves as semiconductor. Isonicotinic acid (Iso), namely 4.pyridinecarboxylate, a multi.functional chelating and/or bridging ligand, has proved to be very powerful for the construction of multi. dimensional metal.organic coordination networks. Furthermore, The isonicotinic acid complexes has raised many interests in fluorescence probing with numerous potential applications for studies of microsecond diffusion and dynamics of membranes. Metal centers are potential carriers of electrochemical, magnetic, catalytic, or optical properties that may be introduced into the inorganic.organic hybrid materials. d{sup 10} metals with rich photophysical and photochemical character have focused attentions to synthesize polynuclear complexes. Considering the versatile coordination abilities of Iso, we employ the ligand to coordinate with silver nitrate to fabricate a coordination complex with excellent fluorescence property. Herein we report the synthesis, crystal structure and fluorescence property of a new d{sup 10} coordination dimer [Ag{sub 2}(Iso){sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}].

  9. Structural and luminescence behavior of Er(3+) ions doped Barium tellurofluoroborate glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annapoorani, K; Maheshvaran, K; Arunkumar, S; Suriya Murthy, N; Marimuthu, K

    2015-01-25

    Er(3+) doped Barium tellurofluoroborate glasses (BTFBxE) with the chemical composition (30-x)TeO2+30B2O3+20BaO+20BaF+xEr2O3 (where x=0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 in wt%) were prepared following the melt quenching technique. The different vibrational modes of borates and tellurites in the prepared glasses were explored through FTIR and Raman spectra. The optical absorption spectra have been used to determine the ionic/covalent nature of the metal-ligand bond in the prepared glasses with the help of Nephelauxetic ratio (β) and bonding parameter (δ) studies. The optical band gap of direct and indirect allowed transitions were determined from Tauc's plot and the variations of band gap energy with structural arrangements were discussed. The Urbach energy values were determined and the relatively lower values of the Urbach's energy reveal the minimal degree of disorderness in the prepared glasses. The oscillator strengths (fexp and fcal) and Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6) were calculated with the application of JO theory and the trends of the JO intensity parameters are found to be Ω2>Ω6>Ω4 for all the prepared glasses with a minimum variation in Ω2 intensity parameter values. A bright green emission was observed from the (2)H11/2+(4)S3/2→ (4)I15/2 transition and the radiative properties such as transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross-section (σP(E)), branching ratio (βr) and radiative lifetime (τ) were calculated using the JO parameters. The suitability of the prepared glasses for the fabrication of photonic devices were also discussed and reported in the present work. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Fabrication and characterization of woodpile structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zalkovskij, Maksim; Malureanu, Radu; Andryieuski, Andrei

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present the whole fabrication and characterization cycle for obtaining 3D metal-dielectric woodpile structures. The optical properties of these structures have been measured using different setups showing the need of considering e.g. border effects when planning their use in real......-life devices. It was found that the behavior of the structures close to the edge is very different from the one in the middle. The existence of special features in the former spectra still needs to be completely understood and explained....

  11. A new (4, 6)-connected Cu(I) coordination polymer based on rare tetranuclear [Cu4I2] clusters: Synthesis, crystal structure, luminescent and photocatalytic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Li-Jing; Liu, Chun-Yan; Bian, Ming; Yu, Li-Jun

    2018-03-01

    A new Cu(I) coordination polymer, namely [Cu5I3(L)2]n (1 HL = 3-(4-pyridyl)-5-(3-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolyl), was solvothermally synthesized using CuI, HL and NaI as the starting materials. Single crystal X-ray structural analysis shows that compound 1 features a (4, 6)-connected 3D framework employing rare tetranuclear [Cu4I2] clusters as building subunits. It exhibits intense metal-to-ligand luminescence and excellent photocatalytic activity on degradation of methylene blue (MB).

  12. Unusual broadening of the NIR luminescence of Er{sup 3+}-doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystals embedded in silica host: Preparation and their structural and spectroscopic study for photonics applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aquino, Felipe Thomaz; Pereira, Rafael R. [Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, CEP 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Ferrari, Jefferson Luis [Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, CEP 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Grupo de Pesquisa em Química de Materiais – (GPQM), Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Campus Dom Bosco, Praça Dom Helvécio, 74, 36301-160 São João Del Rei, MG (Brazil); Ribeiro, Sidney José Lima [Laboratório de Materiais Fotônicos, Instituto de Química, UNESP, Caixa Postal 355, 14801-970 Araraquara, SP (Brazil); Ferrier, Alban; Goldner, Philippe [Chimie-Paristech, Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris, CNRS-UMR 7574, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 11 Rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); and others

    2014-10-15

    This paper reports on the preparation of novel sol-gel erbium-doped SiO{sub 2}-based nanocomposites embedded with Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystals fabricated using a bottom-up method and describes their structural, morphological, and luminescence characterization. To prepare the glass ceramics, we synthesized xerogels containing Si/Nb molar ratios of 90:10 up to 50:50 at room temperature, followed by annealing at 900, 1000, or 1100 °C for 10 h. We identified crystallization accompanying host densification in all the nanocomposites with orthorhombic (T-phase) or monoclinic (M-phase) Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystals dispersed in the amorphous SiO{sub 2} phase, depending on the niobium content and annealing temperature. A high-intensity broadband emission in the near-infrared region assigned to the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} → {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition of the Er{sup 3+} ions was registered for all the nanocomposites. The shape and the bandwidth changed with the Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} crystalline phase, with values achieving up to 81 nm. Er{sup 3+} ions were located mainly in Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-rich regions, and the complex structure of the different Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} polymorphs accounted for the broadening in the emission spectra. The materials containing the T-phase, displayed higher luminescence intensity, longer {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} lifetime and broader bandwidth. In conclusion, these nanostructured materials are potential candidates for photonic applications like optical amplifiers and WDM devices operating in the S, C, and L telecommunication bands. - Highlights: • Rare earth doped Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanocrystals prepared from a bottom-up approach. • Unusual broadband NIR emission in glass ceramic system. • Structural features tuning the luminescence properties. • Potential as optical amplifiers and WDM devices. • Photonic devices operating in the S, C, and L telecommunication.

  13. Novel and easy access to highly luminescent Eu and Tb doped ultra-small CaF2, SrF2 and BaF2 nanoparticles - structure and luminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Benjamin; Haida, Philipp; Fink, Friedrich; Krahl, Thoralf; Gawlitza, Kornelia; Rurack, Knut; Scholz, Gudrun; Kemnitz, Erhard

    2017-02-28

    A universal fast and easy access at room temperature to transparent sols of nanoscopic Eu 3+ and Tb 3+ doped CaF 2 , SrF 2 and BaF 2 particles via the fluorolytic sol-gel synthesis route is presented. Monodisperse quasi-spherical nanoparticles with sizes of 3-20 nm are obtained with up to 40% rare earth doping showing red or green luminescence. In the beginning luminescence quenching effects are only observed for the highest content, which demonstrates the unique and outstanding properties of these materials. From CaF 2 :Eu10 via SrF 2 :Eu10 to BaF 2 :Eu10 a steady increase of the luminescence intensity and lifetime occurs by a factor of ≈2; the photoluminescence quantum yield increases by 29 to 35% due to the lower phonon energy of the matrix. The fast formation process of the particles within fractions of seconds is clearly visualized by exploiting appropriate luminescence processes during the synthesis. Multiply doped particles are also available by this method. Fine tuning of the luminescence properties is achieved by variation of the Ca-to-Sr ratio. Co-doping with Ce 3+ and Tb 3+ results in a huge increase (>50 times) of the green luminescence intensity due to energy transfer Ce 3+ → Tb 3+ . In this case, the luminescence intensity is higher for CaF 2 than for SrF 2 , due to a lower spatial distance of the rare earth ions.

  14. Synthesis and characterization of Ca{sup 2+} substituted barium niobate nanopaticles for photocatalytic and luminescence applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dudhe, C.M. [Department of Physics, Government Institute of science, Nagpur 440001 (India); Nagdeote, S.B. [Department of Physics, Amolakchand Mahavidhyalaya, Yavatmal 445001 (India); Palikundwar, U.A., E-mail: chandraguptadudhe@gmail.com [Department of Physics, R. T. M. Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033 (India)

    2016-09-15

    Highlights: • Nanoparticles of Ca{sup 2+} (30 mol%) substituted BaNb{sub 2}O{sub 6} were synthesized. • Ca{sup 2+} ions occupy newer 8d Wyckoff positions rather than 4c. • Self-activated photoluminescence was observed. • Excellent H{sub 2} generation tendency from pure water under UV light was also observed. - Abstract: Ca{sup 2+} substituted barium niobate i.e. Ca{sub x}Ba{sub 1-x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (x = 0.3) compound in nanoparticles form was synthesized by a simple co-precipitation method for the first time and its structural characterization has been done by using powder X-ray diffraction data. Other characterizations were done by using transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. It was found that the Ca{sub x}Ba{sub 1-x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (x = 0.3) compound stabilizes in the orthorhombic phase (Pbcn space group) with the lattice parameters a = 14.984 Å, b = 5.761 Å and c = 5.216 Å. A representative TEM image shows the irregular sphere like morphology of the synthesized particles with the size ranging from 70 to 120 nm. The optical band gap energy was found to be 3.74 eV. It was observed that the synthesized nanoparticles exhibit excellent H{sub 2} evolution tendency and self–activated photoluminescence under the excitation of UV light. These activities were assigned to the nanocrystalline nature of the synthesized material.

  15. Synthesis, crystal structures, and luminescent properties of Cd(II) coordination polymers assembled from semi-rigid multi-dentate N-containing ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan, Gang; Shao, Kui-Zhan; Chen, Lei; Liu, Xin-Xin [Institute of Functional Material Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin (China); Su, Zhong-Min, E-mail: zmsu@nenu.edu.cn [Institute of Functional Material Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin (China); Ma, Jian-Fang [Institute of Functional Material Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin (China)

    2012-12-15

    Three new polymers, [Cd(L){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n} (1), [Cd{sub 3}(L){sub 2}({mu}{sub 3}-OH){sub 2}({mu}{sub 2}-Cl){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n} (2), {l_brace}[Cd{sub 2}(L){sub 2}(nic){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O{r_brace}{sub n} (3) (HL=5-(4-((1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl)phenyl)-1H-tetrazole, Hnic=nicotinic acid) have been prepared and structurally characterized. Compounds 1 and 2 display 2D monomolecular layers built by the inter-linking single helical chains and L{sup -} ligands connecting chain-like [Cd({mu}{sub 3}-OH)({mu}{sub 2}-Cl)]{sub n} secondary building units, respectively. Compound 3 is constructed from the mixed ligands and possesses a (3,4)-connected framework with (4{center_dot}8{sup 2})(4{center_dot}8{sup 2}{center_dot}10{sup 3}) topology. Moreover, the fluorescent properties of HL ligand and compounds 1-3 are also been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Three new coordination polymers based on the semi-rigid multidentate N-donor ligand have been successfully synthesized by hydrothermal reaction. Complexes 1 and 2 exhibit the 2D layers formed by inter-linking single helices and L{sup -} anions bridging 1D chain-like SBUs, respectively. Complex 3 is buit by L{sup -} and assistant nic{sup -} ligands connecting metal centers and possesses a (3,4)-connected framework with (4 Multiplication-Sign 8{sup 2})(4 Multiplication-Sign 8{sup 2} Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3}) topology. Moreover, these complexes display fluorescent properties indicating that they may have potential applications as optical materials. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three Cd-compounds were prepared from semi-rigid HL ligand with different N-containing groups. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer They exhibit diverse structures from 2D monomolecular layer to 3D covalent framework. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The HL ligands displayed various coordination modes under different reaction conditions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These compounds exhibit

  16. Tetranuclear cluster-based Pb(II)-MOF: Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence sensing for CS2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yanli

    2018-05-01

    A new Pb(II) coordination polymer, namely [Pb2(bptc)(DMA)]n (1, H4bptc = biphenyl-3,3‧,5,5‧-tetracarboxylic acid, DMA = N, N‧- dimethylacetamide), has been synthesized by the combination of H4bptc with Pb(NO3)2 under solvothermal conditions. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that compound 1 features a 3D framework based on tetranuclear [Pb4(COO)6] subunits, and topological analysis revealed that compound represents a binodal (4, 8)-connected scu-type topological network with the point symbol of {416,612}{44,62}2. Luminescence studies indicated that 1 and 1' (1‧ represents the desolvated samples) showed intense yellow emissions. Significantly, 1‧ exhibited sensitive luminescence sensing for CS2 solvent molecules at a low concentration.

  17. Preparation, luminescence and structural properties of RE-doped RbLaS.sub.2./sub. compounds

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havlák, Lubomír; Jarý, Vítězslav; Nikl, Martin; Boháček, Pavel; Bárta, J.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 59, č. 16 (2011), 6219-6227 ISSN 1359-6454 R&D Projects: GA TA ČR TA01011017; GA AV ČR KAN300100802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521; CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : X-ray diffraction * optical materials * crystal growth * luminescence Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.755, year: 2011

  18. Synthesis and characterization of borane-terminated poly(silole-co-germole) for the evaluation of luminescent PLED.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Myoung-Hee; Lee, Jun; Kim, Jong-Hyun; Woo, Hee-Gweon; Kim, Bo-Hye; Yang, Kap Seung; Sohn, Honglae

    2012-05-01

    Codehydrocoupling (in the presence of various inorganic B, Al-hydrides) followed by borane-capping (with Ph2BCl) of 1,1-dihydrotetraphenylsilole (1) and 1,1-dihydrotetraphenylgermole (2) (9:1 mole ratio) gave electroluminescent poly(silole-co-germole)s containing borane-ends (3) in high yield. The polymerization yield and molecular weight with Selectrides increase in the order L-Selectride L-Selectride < Red-Al luminescent properties of 3. The electroluminescent copolymer 3 with boranyl end group is hence a good candidate for PLED fabrication.

  19. Characterization of light element impurities in ultrathin silicon-on-insulator layers by luminescence activation using electron irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakagawa-Toyota, Satoko; Tajima, Michio; Hirose, Kazuyuki; Ohshima, Takeshi; Itoh, Hisayoshi

    2009-01-01

    We analyzed light element impurities in ultrathin top Si layers of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers by luminescence activation using electron irradiation. Photoluminescence (PL) analysis under ultraviolet (UV) light excitation was performed on various commercial SOI wafers after the irradiation. We detected the C-line related to a complex of interstitial carbon and oxygen impurities and the G-line related to a complex of interstitial and substitutional carbon impurities in the top Si layer with a thickness down to 62 nm after electron irradiation. We showed that there were differences in the impurity concentration depending on the wafer fabrication methods and also that there were variations in these concentrations in the respective wafers. Xenon ion implantation was used to activate top Si layers selectively so that we could confirm that the PL signal under the UV light excitation comes not from substrates but from top Si layers. The present method is a very promising tool to evaluate the light element impurities in top Si layers. (author)

  20. Luminescence in medical image science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kandarakis, I.S., E-mail: kandarakis@teiath.gr

    2016-01-15

    Radiation detection in Medical Imaging is mostly based on the use of luminescent materials (scintillators and phosphors) coupled to optical sensors. Materials are employed in the form of granular screens, structured (needle-like) crystals and single crystal transparent blocks. Storage phosphors are also incorporated in some x-ray imaging plates. Description of detector performance is currently based on quality metrics, such as the Luminescence efficiency, the Modulation Transfer Function (MTF), the Noise Power Spectrum (NPS) and the Detective Quantum Efficiency (DQE) can be defined and evaluated. The aforementioned metrics are experimental evaluated for various materials in the form of screens. A software was designed (MINORE v1) to present image quality measurements in a graphical user interface (GUI) environment. Luminescence efficiency, signal and noise analysis are valuable tools for the evaluation of luminescent materials as candidates for medical imaging detectors. - Highlights: • Luminescence based medical imaging detectors. • Image science: MTF, NPS, DQE. • Phosphors screens light emission efficiency experimental evaluation. • Theoretical models for estimation of phosphor screen properties. • Software for medical image quality metrics.

  1. Characterization of nano structured metallic materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marin A, M.; Gutierrez W, C.; Cruz C, R.; Angeles C, C.

    1997-01-01

    Nowadays the search of new materials with specific optical properties has carried out to realize a series of experiments through the polymer synthesis [(C 3 N 3 ) 2 (NH) 3 ] n doped with gold metallic nanoparticles. The thermal stability of a polymer is due to the presence of tyazine rings contained in the structure. The samples were characterized by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-ray diffraction by the Powder method, Ft-infrared and its thermal properties by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetry (TGA). One of the purposes of this work is to obtain nano structured materials over a polymeric matrix. (Author)

  2. Synthesis, structural and electrical characterizations of thermally ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synthesis, structural and electrical characterizations of thermally evaporated Cu 2 SnS 3 thin films. ... The surface profilometer shows that the deposited films are rough. The XRD spectra identified the ... The electrical resistivity of the deposited Cu2SnS3 film is 2.55 x 10-3 Ωcm. The conductivity is in the order of 103 Ω-1cm-1.

  3. Feldspar, Infrared Stimulated Luminescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jain, Mayank

    2014-01-01

    This entry primarily concerns the characteristics and the origins of infrared-stimulated luminescence in feldspars.......This entry primarily concerns the characteristics and the origins of infrared-stimulated luminescence in feldspars....

  4. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescent properties of a new pyrochlore type tungstate CsGa0.333W1.667O6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Dan; Zhao, Ji; Fan, Yun-Chang; Ma, Zhao; Zhang, Rui-Juan; Liu, Bao-Zhong

    2018-06-01

    High temperature solution reaction leads to a new tungstate compound CsGa0.333W1.667O6, whose structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The results show that it crystallizes in pyrochlore structure with cubic space group Fd-3m and a = 10.2529 (13) Å. In this structure, Ga and W atoms are in a statistical disorder manner. The self-activated luminescent properties CsGa0.333W1.667O6 were studied. Under the excitation of 323 nm, the emission spectrum exhibits a blue emission centered at 466 nm with the chromaticity coordinates (0.1838, 0.1814).

  5. Influence of Impurities on the Luminescence of Er3+ Doped BaTiO3 Nanophosphors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. D. Webler

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The influence of the presence of barium carbonate (BaCO3 phase on the luminescence properties of barium titanate nanocrystals (BaTiO3 powders was investigated. Structural and optical characterizations of erbium (Er3+ doped BaTiO3 synthesized by the sol-emulsion-gel were performed. Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction, we identified the presence of impurities related to BaCO3 and quantified its fraction. It was observed that the presence of BaCO3 phase, even at low levels, depletes significantly the infrared-to-visible upconverted luminescence efficiency of the produced nanopowders.

  6. Mapping and quantifying electric and magnetic dipole luminescence at the nanoscale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aigouy, L; Cazé, A; Gredin, P; Mortier, M; Carminati, R

    2014-08-15

    We report on an experimental technique to quantify the relative importance of electric and magnetic dipole luminescence from a single nanosource in structured environments. By attaching a Eu^{3+}-doped nanocrystal to a near-field scanning optical microscope tip, we map the branching ratios associated with two electric dipole and one magnetic dipole transitions in three dimensions on a gold stripe. The relative weights of the electric and magnetic radiative local density of states can be recovered quantitatively, based on a multilevel model. This paves the way towards the full electric and magnetic characterization of nanostructures for the control of single emitter luminescence.

  7. Defects in ZnO, CdTe, and Si: Optical, structural, and electrical characterization

    CERN Multimedia

    Deicher, M; Kronenberg, J; Johnston, K; Roder, J; Byrne, D J

    Electronic and optical properties of semiconductors are extremely sensitive to defects and impurities that have localized electronic states with energy levels in the band gap of the semiconductor. Spectroscopic techniques like photo-luminescence (PL), deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS), or Hall effect that are able to detect and characterize band gap states do not reveal direct information about their microscopic origin. To overcome this chemical "blindness" radioactive isotopes are used as a tracer. Moreover, the recoil energies involved in ${\\beta}$- and ${\\gamma}$-decays can be used to create intrinsic, isolated point defects (interstitials, vacancies) in a controlled way. A microscopic insight into the structure and the thermodynamic properties of complexes formed by interacting defects can be gained by detecting the hyperfine interaction between the nuclear moments of radioactive dopants and the electromagnetic fields present at the site of the radioactive nucleus. These techniques will be used to...

  8. Controlled agglomeration of Tb-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals studied by x-ray absorption fine structure, x-ray excited luminescence, and photoluminescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soo, Y.L.; Huang, S.W.; Kao, Y.H.; Chhabra, V.; Kulkarni, B.; Veliadis, J.V.; Bhargava, R.N.

    1999-01-01

    Local environment surrounding Y atoms in Y 2 O 3 :Tb nanocrystals under various heat treatment conditions has been investigated by using the extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) technique. X-ray excited luminescence (XEL) with the incident x-ray energy near Y K edge and Tb L edges has also been measured to investigate the mechanisms of x-ray-to-visible down conversion in these doped nanoparticles. The observed changes in EXAFS, XEL, and photoluminescent data can be explained on the basis of increased average size of the nanoparticles as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy studies. Our results thus demonstrate that the doped nanoparticles can agglomerate to a controllable degree by varying the heat treatment temperature. At higher temperatures, the local environment surrounding Y atoms in the nanoparticles is found to become similar to that in bulk Y 2 O 3 while the XEL output still shows the characteristics of nanocrystals. These results indicate that appropriate heat treatment can afford an effective means to control the intensity and signal-to-background ratio of green luminescence output of these doped nanocrystal phosphors, potentially useful for some device applications. copyright 1999 American Institute of Physics

  9. Effect of Al/Ga substitution on the structural and luminescence properties of Y3(Al1-xGax)5O12: Ce3+ phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Sheng; Tan, Jin; Bai, Xin; Yang, Shanjie; You, Lei; Du, Zhengkang

    2018-01-01

    As candidates for display and lighting materials, a series of gallium-substituted cerium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3(GaxAl1-x)5O12: Ce3+) phosphors were synthesized by high temperature solid-state reaction. The phases, morphology, luminescence spectra and thermal stability of the phosphors were investigated. The volatilization of Ga2O3 induces the constituents out of stoichiometric ratio and different impurities in the system. The excitation and emission spectra occur red shift (339 nm - 351 nm) and blue shift (465 nm - 437 nm), and blue shift (541 nm - 517 nm), respectively. The spectra have no further blue shift and the luminescence intensity decrease with x over 0.4. Combining crystal structure with PL spectrum, the distortion of dodecahedron and crystal field splitting of 5d level of Ce3+ are influenced by Ga3+ in octahedral coordination polyhedron rather than tetrahedron. The crystalline perfection and Ga3+ occupying the tetrahedron induce less garnet phase formation, more impurities and the 5d level located in the conductive bands, thus accounting for the x = 0.4 turning points of the PL and PLE intensity. Based on the thermal quenching and CIE, the Y3(GaxAl1-x)5O12: Ce3+0.06 phosphors have great potential for use on the w-LED.

  10. Luminescence basic concepts, applications and instrumentation

    CERN Document Server

    Virk, Hardev Singh

    2014-01-01

    The word luminescence was first used by a German physicist, Eilhardt Wiedemann, in 1888. He also classified luminescence into six kinds according to the method of excitation. No better basis of classification is available today. He recognized photoluminescence, thermoluminescence, electroluminescence, crystalloluminescence, triboluminescence, and chemiluminescence. The designations are obvious, characterized by the prefix. This Volume consists of 9 Chapters, including 8 Review Papers and one Case Study. The first two papers are based on OLEDs. Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been th

  11. SYNTHESIS, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND LUMINESCENT PROPERTY OF A DINUCLEAR Tb(II COMPLEX WITH HOMOPHTHALIC ACID AND 2,2’-BIPYRIDYL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LI-HUA WANG

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A novel dinuclear Tb(III complex, [Tb(bpy2L2] (bpy = 2,2’-bipyridine, H2L = homophthalic acid, has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The Tb(III complex is monoclinic, space group P21/c with a = 9.368(2 Å, b = 15.948(4 Å, c = 12.216(3 Å, β = 103.023(4º, V= 1778.2(7 Å3, Z = 2, Dc = 1.910 mg·m-3, μ = 4.011 mm-1, F(000 = 996, and final R1 = 0.0602, ωR2 = 0.2192. The result shows that the Tb(III center is seven-coordination with a N2O5 distorted pengonal bipyramidal geometry. The luminescent property of Tb(III complex was investigated.

  12. Photovoltaic Performance Characterization of Textured Silicon Solar Cells Using Luminescent Down-Shifting Eu-Doped Phosphor Particles of Various Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Wen-Jeng; Deng, Yu-Jie; Liu, Jheng-Jie; Feng, Sheng-Kai; Lin, Jian-Cheng

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports on efforts to enhance the photovoltaic performance of textured silicon solar cells through the application of a layer of Eu-doped silicate phosphor with particles of various dimensions using the spin-on film technique. We examined the surface profile and dimensions of the Eu-doped phosphors in the silicate layer using optical microscopy with J-image software. Optical reflectance, photoluminescence, and external quantum efficiency were used to characterize the luminescent downshifting (LDS) and light scattering of the Eu-doped silicate phosphor layer. Current density-voltage curves under AM 1.5G simulation were used to confirm the contribution of LDS and light scattering produced by phosphor particles of various dimensions. Experiment results reveal that smaller phosphor particles have a more pronounced effect on LDS and a slight shading of incident light. The application of small Eu-doped phosphor particles increased the conversion efficiency by 9.2% (from 12.56% to 13.86%), far exceeding the 5.6% improvement (from 12.54% to 13.32%) achieved by applying a 250 nm layer of SiO₂ and the 4.5% improvement (from 12.37% to 12.98%) observed in cells with large Eu-doped phosphor particles.

  13. Multiscale Persistent Functions for Biomolecular Structure Characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xia, Kelin [Nanyang Technological University (Singapore). Division of Mathematical Sciences, School of Physical, Mathematical Sciences and School of Biological Sciences; Li, Zhiming [Central China Normal University, Wuhan (China). Key Laboratory of Quark and Lepton Physics (MOE) and Institute of Particle Physics; Mu, Lin [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Division

    2017-11-02

    Here in this paper, we introduce multiscale persistent functions for biomolecular structure characterization. The essential idea is to combine our multiscale rigidity functions (MRFs) with persistent homology analysis, so as to construct a series of multiscale persistent functions, particularly multiscale persistent entropies, for structure characterization. To clarify the fundamental idea of our method, the multiscale persistent entropy (MPE) model is discussed in great detail. Mathematically, unlike the previous persistent entropy (Chintakunta et al. in Pattern Recognit 48(2):391–401, 2015; Merelli et al. in Entropy 17(10):6872–6892, 2015; Rucco et al. in: Proceedings of ECCS 2014, Springer, pp 117–128, 2016), a special resolution parameter is incorporated into our model. Various scales can be achieved by tuning its value. Physically, our MPE can be used in conformational entropy evaluation. More specifically, it is found that our method incorporates in it a natural classification scheme. This is achieved through a density filtration of an MRF built from angular distributions. To further validate our model, a systematical comparison with the traditional entropy evaluation model is done. Additionally, it is found that our model is able to preserve the intrinsic topological features of biomolecular data much better than traditional approaches, particularly for resolutions in the intermediate range. Moreover, by comparing with traditional entropies from various grid sizes, bond angle-based methods and a persistent homology-based support vector machine method (Cang et al. in Mol Based Math Biol 3:140–162, 2015), we find that our MPE method gives the best results in terms of average true positive rate in a classic protein structure classification test. More interestingly, all-alpha and all-beta protein classes can be clearly separated from each other with zero error only in our model. Finally, a special protein structure index (PSI) is proposed, for the first

  14. Facile synthesis, structural characterization, and photoluminescence mechanism of Dy3+ doped YVO4 and Ca2+ co-doped YVO4:Dy3+ nano-lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhiren Meetei, Sanoujam; Deben Singh, Mutum; Dorendrajit Singh, Shougaijam

    2014-05-01

    Light plays a vital role in the evolution of life. From sunlight to candle-light and then to other form of lighting devices, human beings are utilizing light since time immemorial. Lighting devices such as conventional incandescent lamp and fluorescent lamp have been replaced by Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for the later is cheap, durable, etc. Now-a-days, phosphor converted LEDs have been burning issues in the fabrication of lighting devices. Especially, lanthanide ion(s) doped phosphors are of great interest for the same. However, doped phosphors have a limitation of luminescence quenching, i.e., instead of increasing luminescence on increasing dopant concentration, the luminescence decreases. Therefore, it must be rectified by one or other means so as to get maximum desirable intensity for uses in display or lighting devices. In the present work, YVO4:Dy3+ and YVO4:Dy3+/Ca2+ nano-lattices are synthesized by a facile technique. Structural characterizations such as x-ray diffraction, SEM, TEM, HRTEM, and Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) of the samples are reported. Photoluminescence (PL) excitation and emission, enhanced mechanism, and lifetime are thoroughly discussed. PL intensity of the quenched YVO4:Dy3+ is made increased up to 432.63% by Ca2+ co-doping. Role of the Ca2+ on the luminescence enhanced mechanism of YVO4:Dy3+/Ca2+ is elucidated.

  15. Luminescent Eosin Y–SiO{sub 2} hybrid nano and microrods prepared by sol–gel template method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Secu, M., E-mail: msecu@infim.ro [National Institute for Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, Bucharest–Magurele, 077125 (Romania); Secu, C.E.; Sima, M.; Negrea, R.F.; Bartha, C. [National Institute for Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, Bucharest–Magurele, 077125 (Romania); Dinescu, M.; Damian, V. [National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation, P.O. Box MG-36, Bucharest–Magurele 077125 (Romania)

    2013-11-15

    Sol–gel chemistry within the pores of a polycarbonate template membrane was used for the preparation of Eosin Y–SiO{sub 2} hybrid nano- and microrods, using tetraethylorthosilicate [TEOS, Si(OC{sub 2}H{sub 5}){sub 4}] as the precursor in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) catalyst. The ethanolic solution of Eosin-Y was added to the silica sol to trap dye molecules inside the SiO{sub 2} gel network during the gelation. Structural and morphological characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and luminescence microscopy have shown the formation of rods with 200 nm and 1.2 μm diameter and about 30 μm length, exhibiting luminescence properties. Spectroscopic characterization has shown that the luminescence is due to Eosin-Y molecule in the xerogel porous network, surrounded by a solvation shell given mainly by the water. -- Highlights: • Sol–gel template method was used to prepare Eosin Y–SiO{sub 2} hybrid rods-type structures. • Morphological characterization has shown nano- and microrods with luminescent properties. • Luminescence is due to Eosin-Y molecule surrounded by a solvation shell given by water.

  16. Luminescent Eosin Y–SiO2 hybrid nano and microrods prepared by sol–gel template method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Secu, M.; Secu, C.E.; Sima, M.; Negrea, R.F.; Bartha, C.; Dinescu, M.; Damian, V.

    2013-01-01

    Sol–gel chemistry within the pores of a polycarbonate template membrane was used for the preparation of Eosin Y–SiO 2 hybrid nano- and microrods, using tetraethylorthosilicate [TEOS, Si(OC 2 H 5 ) 4 ] as the precursor in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) catalyst. The ethanolic solution of Eosin-Y was added to the silica sol to trap dye molecules inside the SiO 2 gel network during the gelation. Structural and morphological characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and luminescence microscopy have shown the formation of rods with 200 nm and 1.2 μm diameter and about 30 μm length, exhibiting luminescence properties. Spectroscopic characterization has shown that the luminescence is due to Eosin-Y molecule in the xerogel porous network, surrounded by a solvation shell given mainly by the water. -- Highlights: • Sol–gel template method was used to prepare Eosin Y–SiO 2 hybrid rods-type structures. • Morphological characterization has shown nano- and microrods with luminescent properties. • Luminescence is due to Eosin-Y molecule surrounded by a solvation shell given by water

  17. Structural characterization of MAPLE deposited lipase biofilm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aronne, Antonio [Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Piazzale V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Ausanio, Giovanni; Bloisi, Francesco [CNR-SPIN and Department of Physics, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Piazzale V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Calabria, Raffaela [Istituto Motori-CNR, via G. Marconi 8, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Califano, Valeria, E-mail: v.califano@im.cnr.it [Istituto Motori-CNR, via G. Marconi 8, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Fanelli, Esther [Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Piazzale V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Massoli, Patrizio [Istituto Motori-CNR, via G. Marconi 8, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Vicari, Luciano R.M. [CNR-SPIN and Department of Physics, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Piazzale V. Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy)

    2014-11-30

    Highlights: • Lipase from Candida Rugosa was deposited by Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (MAPLE) on KBr pellets, mica and glass substrate. • The deposited film was characterized morphologically and structurally by optical microscopy, SEM and FTIR analysis. • Results of characterization underlined a phenomenon of aggregation taking place. • The aggregation phenomenon was reversible since lipase showed activity in the transesterification reaction between soybean oil and isopropyl alcohol once detached from the substrate. - Abstract: Lipases (triacylglycerol ester hydrolases) are enzymes used in several industrial applications. Enzymes immobilization can be used to address key issues limiting widespread application at industrial level. Immobilization efficiency is related to the ability to preserve the native conformation of the enzyme. MAPLE (Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation) technique, a laser deposition procedure for treating organic/polymeric/biomaterials, was applied for the deposition of lipase enzyme in an ice matrix, using near infrared laser radiation. Microscopy analysis showed that the deposition occurred in micrometric and submicrometric clusters with a wide size distribution. AFM imaging showed that inter-cluster regions are uniformly covered with smaller aggregates of nanometric size. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used for both recognizing the deposited material and analyzing its secondary structure. Results showed that the protein underwent reversible self-association during the deposition process. Actually, preliminary tests of MAPLE deposited lipase used for soybean oil transesterification with isopropyl alcohol followed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry gave results consistent with undamaged deposition of lipase.

  18. Structural and luminescence properties of Sm3+ -doped bismuth phosphate glass for orange-red photonic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damodaraiah, S; Reddy Prasad, V; Ratnakaram, Y C

    2018-05-01

    In the present study, the effect of bismuth oxide (Bi 2 O 3 ) content on the structural and optical properties of 0.5Sm 3+ -doped phosphate glass and the effect of concentration on structural and optical properties of Sm 3+ -doped bismuth phosphate (BiP) glass were studied. Structural characterization was accomplished using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and 31 P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Optical properties were studied using absorption, photoluminescence and decay measurements. Using optical absorption spectra, Judd-Ofelt parameters were derived to determine the local structure and bonding in the vicinity of Sm 3+ ions. The emission spectra of Sm 3+ -doped BiP glass showed two intense emission bands, 4 G 5/2 → 6 H 7/2 (orange) and 4 G 5/2 → 6 H 9/2 (red) for which the stimulated emission cross-sections (σ e ) and branching ratios (β) were found to be higher. The quantum efficiencies were also calculated from decay measurements recorded for the 4 G 5/2 level of Sm 3+ ions. The suitable combination of Bi 2 O 3 (10 mol%) and Sm 3+ (0.5 mol%) ions in these glasses acted as an efficient lasing material and might be suitable for the development of visible orange-red photonic materials. Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure, luminescent and magnetic properties of a new mononuclear GdIII coordination complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coban, Mustafa Burak

    2018-06-01

    A new GdIII coordination complex, {[Gd(2-stp)2(H2O)6].2(4,4'-bipy).4(H2O)}, complex 1, (2-stp = 2-sulfoterephthalate anion and 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine), has been synthesized by hydrothermal method and characterized by elemental analysis, solid state UV-Vis and FT-IR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, solid state photoluminescence and variable-temperature magnetic measurements. The crystal structure determination shows that GdIII ions are eight coordinated and adopt a distorted square-antiprismatic geometry. Molecules interacting through intra- and intermolecular (O-H⋯O, O-H⋯N) hydrogen bonds in complex 1, give rise to 3D hydrogen bonded structure and the discrete lattice 4,4'-bipy molecules occupy the channel of the 3D structure. π-π stacking interactions also exist 4,4'-bipy-4,4'-bipy and 4,4'-bipy-2-stp molecule rings in 3D structures. Additionally, solid state photoluminescence properties of complex 1 at room temperature have been investigated. Under the excitation of UV light (at 349 nm), the complex 1 exhibited green emissions (at 505 nm) of GdIII ion in the visible region. Furthermore, Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility and isothermal magnetization as function of external magnetic field studies reveal that complex 1 displays possible antiferromagnetic interaction.

  20. Structural and luminescence behavior of Sm{sup 3+} ions doped lead boro-telluro-phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selvi, S.; Marimuthu, K.; Muralidharan, G., E-mail: muraligru@gmail.com

    2015-03-15

    The Sm{sup 3+} ions doped lead boro-telluro-phosphate glasses with the chemical composition 30H{sub 3}O{sub 3}+(20–x)PbO+15TeO{sub 2}+10P{sub 2}O{sub 5}+10ZnO+15BaCO{sub 3}+xSm{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x=0.05, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 in wt%) have been prepared by a melt quenching technique and their structural and optical behavior were studied and reported. The physical properties like, refractive index, density and dielectric constant etc., have been estimated. FTIR and Raman spectral studies have been made to explore the presence of functional groups and various structural units in the prepared glasses. The formation of bridging and non-bridging oxygens of BO{sub 4}, BO{sub 3}, TeO{sub 3}, TeO{sub 6} and PbO{sub 4} structural units have been investigated. From the absorption spectra, the direct (n=1/2), indirect (n=2) band gap, band tailing parameter (B) and Urbach energy (ΔE) values were estimated. The ionic nature of the metal–ligand bond in the title glasses has been discussed. The Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω{sub λ,}λ=2, 4, and 6), oscillator strength of ƒ−ƒ electric dipole transitions and transition probability (A) have been evaluated. The predicted radiative lifetime (τ{sub rad}) and branching ratio (β{sub R}) values of the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} excited level of the Sm{sup 3+} ions to the lower energy levels were determined and compared with the experimentally measured values. From the recorded fluorescence spectra, the strong transitions of Sm{sup 3+} ions {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 5/2} (565 nm), {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 7/2} (602 nm), {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 9/2} (648 nm) and a weak transition, {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 11/2} (709 nm) have been observed. The significant laser parameters like, gain bandwidth (σ{sub p}{sup E}×λ{sub eff}), optical gain (σ{sub p}{sup E}×τ{sub rad}) and stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub p}{sup E}) values were estimated for the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub J} (J=5

  1. Effect of structural packing on the luminescence properties in tungsten bronze compounds M{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} (M=Ca, Sr, Ba)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin Xin; Shi Liu [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructures and CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Wei Ang, E-mail: iamawei@njupt.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays, 9 Wenyuan Road, Nanjing 210046 (China); Wan Dongyun; Wang Yaoming [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructures and CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Huang Fuqiang, E-mail: huangfq@mail.sic.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructures and CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2012-08-15

    Tungsten bronze compounds M{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) were successfully synthesized, and the luminescence properties were investigated. Among the three compounds, Ca{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} showed an obviously broad band of host luminescence at 460 nm with exciting at 269 nm. By doping Eu{sup 3+} into the M sites, Ca{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15}:Eu{sup 3+} displayed strong red emission from Eu{sup 3+} ions characteristic transitions, nearly four times higher than Sr{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15}:Eu{sup 3+} and seven times higher than Ba{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15}:Eu{sup 3+}. Crystal packing factor (PF) was introduced to account for this luminescence difference, lower PF being correlated to higher luminescence intensity for perovskite-related structure. Both the as-prepared compounds and the literature examples were proved to fit this correlation. This can be explained through the influence of the structural packing on the environment distortion and crystal field splitting of the doping site. - Graphical abstract: Tungsten bronze compounds M{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) show the dependence of luminescence properties on structural packing, among which Ca{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} has the superior luminescence. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tungsten bronze compounds were synthesized by solid state reaction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ca{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} displayed remarkably blue host luminescence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ca{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15}:Eu{sup 3+} showed more intense red emission than M{sub 2}KNb{sub 5}O{sub 15}:Eu{sup 3+} (M=Sr, Ba). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The relationship between crystal packing factor and luminescence was obtained.

  2. The effect of micro-structure on upconversion luminescence of Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glass-ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Minghui; Wen, Haiqin; Pan, Xiuhong; Yu, Jianding; Jiang, Meng; Yu, Huimei; Tang, Meibo; Gai, Lijun; Ai, Fei

    2018-03-01

    Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped La2O3-TiO2-ZrO2 glasses have been prepared by aerodynamic levitation method. The glasses show high refractive index of 2.28 and Abbe number of 18.3. Glass-ceramics heated at 880 °C for 50 min perform the strongest upconversion luminescence. X-ray diffraction patterns of glass-ceramics with different depths indicate that rare earth ions restrain crystallization. Body crystallization mechanism mixed with surface crystallization is confirmed in the heat treatment. Surface crystals achieve priority to grow, resulting in important effects on upconversion luminescence. The results of atomic force microscope and scanning electron microscope indicate that crystal particles with uniform size distribute densely and homogenously on the surface and large amount of glass matrix exists in the glass ceramics heated at 880 °C for 50 min. Crystals in the glass-ceramics present dense structure and strong boundaries, which can reduce the mutual nonradiative relaxation rate among rare earth ions and then improve upconversion luminescence effectively. Based on micro-structural study, the mechanism that upconversion luminescence can be improved by heat treatment has been revealed. The results of micro-structural analysis agree well with the spectra.

  3. A study of size dependent structure, morphology and luminescence behavior of CdS films on Si substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaushik, Diksha; Singh, Ragini Raj; Sharma, Madhulika; Gupta, D.K.; Lalla, N.P.; Pandey, R.K.

    2007-01-01

    Size tunable cadmium sulfide (CdS) films deposited by a dip coating technique on silicon (100) and indium tin oxide/glass substrates have been characterized using X-ray diffraction, X-ray reflectivity, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The structural characterization indicated growth of an oriented phase of cadmium sulfide. Transmission electron microscopy used to calculate the particle size indicated narrow size dispersion. The tendency of nanocrystalline CdS films to form ordered clusters of CdS quantum dots on silicon (100) substrate has been revealed by morphological studies using atomic force microscopy. The photoluminescence emission spectroscopy of the cadmium sulfide films has also been investigated. It is shown that the nanocrystalline CdS exhibit intense photoluminescence as compared to the large grained polycrystalline CdS films. The effect of quantum confinement also manifested as a blue shift of photoluminescence emission. It is shown that the observed photoluminescence behavior of CdS is substantially enhanced when the nanocrystallites are assembled on silicon (100) substrate

  4. Electro-mechanical characterization of structural supercapacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, T.; LaMaster, D.; Ciocanel, C.; Browder, C.

    2012-04-01

    The paper presents electrical and mechanical properties of structural supercapacitors and discusses limitations associated with the approach taken for the electrical properties evaluation. The structural supercapacitors characterized in this work had the electrodes made of carbon fiber weave, separator made of several cellulose based products, and the solid electrolyte made as PEGDGE based polymer blend. The reported electrical properties include capacitance and leakage resistance; the former was measured using cyclic voltammetry. Mechanical properties have been evaluated thorough tensile and three point bending tests performed on structural supercapacitor coupons. The results indicate that the separator material plays an important role on the electrical as well as mechanical properties of the structural capacitor, and that Celgard 3501 used as separator leads to most benefits for both mechanical and electrical properties. Specific capacitance and leakage resistance as high as 1.4kF/m3 and 380kΩ, respectively, were achieved. Two types of solid polymer electrolytes were used in fabrication, with one leading to higher and more consistent leakage resistance values at the expense of a slight decrease in specific capacitance when compared to the other SPE formulation. The ultimate tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of the developed power storage composite were evaluated at 466MPa and 18.9MPa, respectively. These values are 58% and 69% of the tensile strength and modulus of elasticity values measured for a single layer composite material made with the same type of carbon fiber and with a West System 105 epoxy instead of solid polymer electrolyte.

  5. Luminescent beam stop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryant, Diane; Morton, Simon A.

    2017-10-25

    This disclosure provides systems, methods, and apparatus related to beam stops. In one aspect, a device comprises a luminescent material, a beam stop plate, and an optical fiber. The luminescent material is a parallelepiped having a first side and a second side that are squares and having a third side that is a rectangle or a square. The first side and the second side are perpendicular to the third side. The beam stop plate is attached to the first side of the luminescent material. The optical fiber has a first end and a second end, with the first end of the optical fiber attached to the third side of the luminescent material.

  6. Luminescence detection of shellfish

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanderson, D.C.W.; Carmichael, L.A.; Spencer, J.Q.; Naylor, J.D.

    1996-01-01

    The Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre (SURRC) has been active in the development and application of luminescence techniques in the detection of irradiated foods, in support of UK legislation. Thermoluminescence (TL), photostimulated luminescence (PSL) and photo-transfer luminescence (PTTL) are radiation-specific phenomena which arise due to energy stored by trapped charge carriers following irradiation. The energy released following stimulation is accompanied by detectable luminescence. The TL method involves preparation of pure silicate extracts from the sample and subsequent TL analysis, whereas PSL uses stimulation by electromagnetic radiation (visible, or near visible wavelengths) thus avoiding heating the sample. (author)

  7. Structural Characterization of Bimetallic Nanocrystal Electrocatalysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cullen, David A [ORNL

    2016-01-01

    Late transition metal nanocrystals find applications in heterogeneous catalysis such as plasmon-enhanced catalysis and as electrode materials for fuel cells, a zero-emission and sustainable energy technology. Their commercial viability for automotive transportation has steadily increased in recent years, almost exclusively due to the discovery of more efficient bimetallic nanocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode. Despite improvements to catalyst design, achieving high activity while maintaining durability is essential to further enhance their performance for this and other important applications in catalysis. Electronic effects arising from the generation of metal-metal interfaces, from plasmonic metals, and from lattice distortions, can vastly improve sorption properties at catalytic surfaces, while increasing durability.[1] Multimetallic lattice-strained nanoparticles are thus an interesting opportunity for fundamental research.[2,3] A colloidal synthesis approach is demonstrated to produce AuPd alloy and Pd@Au core-shell nanoicosahedra as catalysts for electro-oxidations. The nanoparticles are characterized using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (ac-STEM) and large solid angle energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) on an FEI Talos 4-detector STEM/EDS system. Figure 1 shows bright-field (BF) and high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) ac-STEM images of the alloy and core-shell nanoicosahedra together with EDS line-scans and elemental maps. These structures are unique in that the presence of twin boundaries, alloying, and core-shell morphology could create highly strained surfaces and interfaces. The shell thickness of the core-shell structures observed in HAADF-STEM images is tuned by adjusting the ratio between metal precursors (Figure 2a-f) to produce shells ranging from a few to several monolayers. Specific activity was measured in ethanol electro-oxidation to examine the effect of shell thickness on

  8. Synthesis and luminescent properties of a novel green-emitting Tb (Ⅲ) complex based on amino-modified fluorine silicone oil and isophorone diisocyanate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Haixia; Chu, Yang; Yu, Zhenjiang; Xie, Hongde; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2017-10-01

    The novel luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes, denoted as (PFSi-IPDI)-Tb(Ⅲ)-Phen, have been successfully synthesized and can be made into flexible films. Amino-modified fluorine silicone oil-isophorone diisocyanate (PFSi-IPDI) was used as the host macromolecular ligand, and 1, 10-Phenanthroline (Phen) as the secondary small-molecular co-ligand. The luminescent lanthanide complexes were characterized by fourier transform infrared (FITR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The luminescent properties were investigated through photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission (PL) spectroscopy. FTIR analysis verifies the successful preparation and integration of PFSi-IPDI to Tb3+. The comparatively uniform morphological structure can be observed in the images of SEM. The polymer-rare earth complexes display the typical luminescence emission peaks under the excitation wavelength of 330 nm. From the decay curve, the short lifetime (about 0.89 ms) is observed for (PFSi-IPDI)-Tb(Ⅲ)-Phen (0.6 mol/L). Moreover, these luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes possess superior thermal stability (T5 > 195 °C). All the interesting results suggest the potential application of the luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes in green-emitting luminescent materials under high temperature.

  9. Physical and structural characterization of oxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hussain, A.

    2012-01-01

    Objective of this thesis was the synthesis of the nano whiskers of aluminum ammonium carbonate hydroxide (AACH) from the mixture of aluminum nitrate and urea with different content levels of urea by hydrothermal process. The AACH precursor of nano alumina whiskers is added into zirconia powder along with CTAB and ethanol to obtain fine precipitates ready for calcining at 650 C. Fine powder of zirconia with alumina whiskers is compacted to form pellets of 5 mm diameter. Sintering of pellets has been performed at 1500 C in open atmosphere. Fabrication of sintered pellets is being done by using uniaxial press under 5 ton loads. The addition of alumina whiskers resulted better mechanical properties like compactness, hardness and flexural strength etc. The influence of urea composition upon the growth of alumina whisker has been revealed by FE-SEM. Low content of urea at 6 gm. to 8 gm. formed urchin like morphology of AACH whiskers, while at higher level 12 gm. of urea independent whiskers obtained. In second stage the varying amount of urea in aluminum nitrate was performed and calcined at different temperatures 80, 100, 200, 300, 400 degree C to reveal the effect on the pure AACH whiskers morphologies. Different characterization like SEM is used for structure morphologies, XRD used for determining of type of structure, FTIR technique used for the study of nature of functional groups, and impedance spectroscopy applied for electrical properties measurements. XRD pattern show the presence of a-alumina, FTIR tells about the missing peaks and absence of functional group due to increases in the temperature and SEM analysis of fractured surface of sintered pellets done for revealing structure morphology. Fracture study of nuclear fuel has also done by SEM analysis in this work to study cause of peeling off flakes at the outer edge of sintered UO 2 pellets. (author)

  10. One-pot synthesis of hollow structured upconversion luminescent β-NaYF4:Yb0.2Er0.02 nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, Qinglong; Pei, Jianfeng; De, Gejihu

    2014-01-01

    Monodisperse, uniform, and hollow structured hexagonal sodium yttrium fluoride nanoparticles co-doped with Yb 3+ and Er 3+ (NaYF 4 :Yb 3+ , Er 3+ ) were successfully prepared by a facile one-pot thermal decomposition route. The crystal structure, morphology and upconversion spectra of the sample were investigated using X-ray powder diffractometer, transmission electron microscope, and fluorescence spectrophotometer with an external 980 nm single-wavelength diode laser. The synthesized nanoparticles were easily dispersed in nonpolar solvents, showed an extremely narrow particle distribution, and were determined to have a diameter about (14.3)±(1.1) nm. Moreover, the nanoparticles were dispersed in water via modification of the capping oleic acid ligand by HCl. To the synthesis of such monidisperse, water-soluble, hollow structured lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles may lead to potential applications in drug delivery and bioimaging. - Highlights: • Hollow structured hexagonal NaYF 4 :Yb 0.2 Er 0.02 luminescent nanoparticles were prepared by a facile one-pot thermal decomposition route. • HCl was used to render the nanoparticles to water solubility. • The bright green light and transparent solution indicate that as-treated water-soluble nanoparticles may lead to potential applications in drug delivery and bioimaging

  11. Towards Luminescence Dating Of Mosaic Glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galli, A.; Martini, M.; Sibila, E.; Villa, I.

    The possibility of dating archaeological glass by means of luminescent techniques has been investigated in recent years, despite the difficulties of this application, mainly linked to the amorphous structure of the material. We focused in particular on mosaic glass, after the encouraging results obtained on byzantine and medieval samples. Further studies were devoted to the comprehension of the luminescent mechanisms in silica glasses, and to the investigation of the relationships between luminescence, colouring or opacifier ions and crystalline phase of the vitreous matrix. The results of a study on the dosimetric characteristics of thermoluminescence (TL) and Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) of a few medieval blue-green mosaic glasses from the San Lorenzo church (Milan) are presented, and the experimental protocols established to identify their suitability for dating are discussed.

  12. Optical and Structural Characterizations of GaN Nano structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shekari, L.; Abu Hassan, H.; Thahab, S.M.

    2011-01-01

    We have grown wurtzite GaN nano wires (NWs) on polished silicon (Si) either with or without Au as catalyst, using commercial GaN powder by thermal evaporation in an atmosphere of argon (Ar) gas. Structural and optical characterizations were performed using high resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) spectroscopy. Results indicate that the nano wires are of single-crystal hexagonal GaN and the nano wires on Si with Au catalyst are more oriented than those without Au catalyst; and using catalyst make the NWs grow much faster and quite well-ordered. The compositional quality of the grown nano wires on the substrates are mostly same, however the nano wires on the Au coated silicon are of low density, while the nano wires on the Si are of high density. (author)

  13. Luminescence studies on phosphor screens

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Panayiotakis, G.; Nomikos, C.; Bakas, A.; Proimos, B.

    1994-01-01

    We report our results on x-ray phosphor screens prepared of some new materials focusing attention on their efficiency under fluoroscopy conditions, on optimization conditions and on comparisons among the various materials. All data are presented in absolute values. A theoretical model is presented, that takes into account the granular structure of the screens, permitting the explanation and prediction of the luminescence properties of the screens. (authors)

  14. Luminescence studies on phosphor screens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panayiotakis, G; Nomikos, C; Bakas, A; Proimos, B [Medical Physics Department, University of Patras, 265 00 Patras, Greece (Greece)

    1994-12-31

    We report our results on x-ray phosphor screens prepared of some new materials focusing attention on their efficiency under fluoroscopy conditions, on optimization conditions and on comparisons among the various materials. All data are presented in absolute values. A theoretical model is presented, that takes into account the granular structure of the screens, permitting the explanation and prediction of the luminescence properties of the screens. (authors). 12 refs, 3 figs.

  15. A series of luminescent Re(I) complexes with electron-donor/acceptor moieties: Synthesis, characterization, and photoluminescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ge Hu; Qing She; Lei Guo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we synthesize three Re(I) complexes of Re(CO) 3 (PPO)Br, Re(CO) 3 (PTO)Br, and Re(CO) 3 (PBI)Br, where PPO=2-phenyl-5-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole, PTO=2-(pyridin-2-yl)-5-p-tolyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole, PBI=2-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole. Their single crystals and photophysical properties are measured and discussed in detail. The correlation between ligand structure and corresponding PL characteristics of Re(I) complex has been investigated. It is found that a ligand with strong electron-donor can efficiently increase both absorption and emissive energy of Re(I) complex. In addition, electron-rich ligand can increase the electron density of the complex and thus enhance the oscillator strength of electronic transition, improving the photoluminescence performance. - Highlights: ► Three novel phosphorescent Re(I) complexes are synthesized. ► Molecular structures, photophysical, and electronic properties are studied. ► Strong electron-donor can increase emissive energy. ► Electron-rich ligand can enhance the oscillator strength of electronic transition.

  16. Tunable luminescent emission characterization of type-I and type-II systems in CdS-ZnSe core-shell nanoparticles: Raman and photoluminescence study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ca, Nguyen Xuan; Lien, V T K; Nghia, N X; Chi, T T K; Phan, The-Long

    2015-11-06

    We used wet chemical methods to synthesize core-shell nanocrystalline samples CdS(d)/ZnSe N , where d = 3-6 nm and N = 1-5 are the size of CdS cores and the number of monolayers grown on the cores, respectively. By annealing typical CdS(d)/ZnSe N samples (with d = 3 and 6 nm and N = 2) at 300 °C for various times t an = 10-600 min, we created an intermediate layer composed of Zn1-x Cd x Se and Cd1-x Zn x S alloys with various thicknesses. The formation of core-shell structures and intermediate layers was monitored by Raman scattering and UV-vis absorption spectrometers. Careful photoluminescence studies revealed that the as-prepared CdS(d)/ZnSe N samples with d = 5 nm and N = 2-4, and the annealed samples CdS(3 nm)/ZnSe2 with t an ≤ 60 min and CdS(6 nm)/ZnSe2 with t an ≤ 180 min, show the emission characteristics of type-II systems. Meanwhile, the other samples show the emission characteristics of type-I systems. These results prove that the partial separation of photoexcited carriers between the core and shell is dependent strongly on the engineered core-shell nanostructures, meaning the sizes of the core, shell, and intermediate layers. With the tunable luminescence properties, CdS-ZnSe-based core-shell materials are considered as promising candidates for multiple-exciton generation and single-photon sources.

  17. Structure, electronic properties, luminescence and chromaticity investigations of rare earth doped KMgBO{sub 3} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Jianghui; Cheng, Qijin [School of Energy Research, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Wu, Shunqing [Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005 (China); Zhuang, Yixi [College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Guo, Ziquan; Lu, Yijun [Department of Electronic Science, Fujian Engineering Research Center for Solid-state Lighting, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Chen, Chao, E-mail: cchen@xmu.edu.cn [School of Energy Research, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005 (China); Department of Electronic Science, Fujian Engineering Research Center for Solid-state Lighting, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)

    2015-09-01

    In this work, the optimization of the geometry and the electronic properties of the host matrix KMgBO{sub 3} were investigated using density functional theory, and the comprehensive photoluminescence and chromaticity properties on five rare earth ion-doped (RE = Ce{sup 3+}, Tm{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) KMgBO{sub 3} phosphors were also studied. By introducing RE ions into the KMgBO{sub 3} host, excellent purple, blue, green, red and white emitting light could be obtained under the near-ultraviolet light excitation. The results suggest that rare earth doped KMgBO{sub 3} phosphors are potential luminescence materials for the application in the near-ultraviolet white light-emitting diodes. - Highlights: • The electronic properties of the host matrix KMgBO{sub 3} were investigated. • The PL properties on rare earth ions doped KMgBO{sub 3} phosphors were studied. • The chromaticity properties on rare earth ions doped KMgBO{sub 3} samples were studied. • Tm{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} doped KMgBO{sub 3} samples show higher color purity than commercial phosphors.

  18. The diversity of five metal-organic complexes based on an unsymmetrical biphenyl tetracarboxylate: Synthesis, structures, magnetism and luminescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Si-si; Xie, Ling; Lu, Li-ping; Zhu, Miao-li; Su, Feng

    2018-02-01

    Careful investigation of the effects of metal ions and pH value resulted in five multi-dimensional metal-organic complexes, [Co5(μ3-OH)2(α-bptc)2(H2O)6]n (1), {(H3O)2[Co4(μ3-O)(α-bptc)2(H2O)]·4H2O}n (2), {K2[Zn4(μ3-OH)2(α-bptc)2(H2O)3]}n (3), [Zn4(α-bptc)2(H2O)3]n (4), and {[Cd4(α-bptc)2(H2O)7]·2H2O}n (5) (α-H4bptc = 2,3,3',4'-biphenyl tetracarboxylic acid). The complexes consisted of different highly connected secondary building units (SBUs) assembled via hydrothermal in situ routes. The pH value as well as the kinds of metal ions influenced the coordination modes of α-H4bptc and also introduced the hydroxyl ligand at high pH value, resulting in the diversity of SBUs and dimensionality. Variable temperature magnetic measurements indicated the antiferromagnetic behavior in the Co5 core in 1, and the intra-chain ferrimagnetic behavior in complex 2. Moreover, the luminescent properties of the complexes 3-5 indicated the existence of intra-ligand charge transfer.

  19. Fabrication of luminescent hydroxyapatite nanorods through surface-initiated RAFT polymerization: Characterization, biological imaging and drug delivery applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heng, Chunning [Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Degradable Biomedical Materials, Shaanxi R& D Center of Biomaterials and Fermentation Engineering, School of Chemical and Engineering, Northwest University, Xi’an, 710069 (China); Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, 999 Xuefu Avenue, Nanchang 330031 (China); Zheng, Xiaoyan [Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Degradable Biomedical Materials, Shaanxi R& D Center of Biomaterials and Fermentation Engineering, School of Chemical and Engineering, Northwest University, Xi’an, 710069 (China); Liu, Meiying; Xu, Dazhuang; Huang, Hongye; Deng, Fengjie [Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, 999 Xuefu Avenue, Nanchang 330031 (China); Hui, Junfeng, E-mail: huijunfeng@126.com [Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Degradable Biomedical Materials, Shaanxi R& D Center of Biomaterials and Fermentation Engineering, School of Chemical and Engineering, Northwest University, Xi’an, 710069 (China); Zhang, Xiaoyong, E-mail: xiaoyongzhang1980@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, 999 Xuefu Avenue, Nanchang 330031 (China); Wei, Yen, E-mail: weiyen@tsinghua.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry and the Tsinghua Center for Frontier Polymer Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 (China)

    2016-11-15

    Highlights: • Hydrophobic hydroxyapatite nanorods were obtained from hydrothermal synthesis. • Surface initiated RAFT polymerization was adopted to surface modification of hydroxyapatite nanorods. • These modified hydroxyapatite nanorods showed high water dispersibility and biocompatibility. • These modified hydroxyapatite nanorods can be used for controlled drug delivery. - Abstract: Hydroxyapatite nanomaterials as an important class of nanomaterials, have been widely applied for different biomedical applications for their excellent biocompatibility, biodegradation potential and low cost. In this work, hydroxyapatite nanorods with uniform size and morphology were prepared through hydrothermal synthesis. The surfaces of these hydroxyapatite nanorods are covered with hydrophobic oleic acid, making them poor dispersibility in aqueous solution and difficult for biomedical applications. To overcome this issue, a simple surface initiated polymerization strategy has been developed via combination of the surface ligand exchange and reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Hydroxyapatite nanorods were first modified with Riboflavin-5-phosphate sodium (RPSSD) via ligand exchange reaction between the phosphate group of RPSSD and oleic acid. Then hydroxyl group of nHAp-RPSSD was used to immobilize chain transfer agent, which was used as the initiator for surface-initiated RAFT polymerization. The nHAp-RPSSD-poly(IA-PEGMA) nanocomposites were characterized by means of {sup 1}H nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and thermal gravimetric analysis in detailed. The biocompatibility, biological imaging and drug delivery of nHAp-RPSSD-poly(IA-PEGMA) were also investigated. Results showed that nHAp-RPSSD-poly(IA-PEGMA) exhibited excellent water dispersibility, desirable optical properties, good biocompatibility and high drug loading capability, making them promising candidates for

  20. Fabrication of luminescent hydroxyapatite nanorods through surface-initiated RAFT polymerization: Characterization, biological imaging and drug delivery applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heng, Chunning; Zheng, Xiaoyan; Liu, Meiying; Xu, Dazhuang; Huang, Hongye; Deng, Fengjie; Hui, Junfeng; Zhang, Xiaoyong; Wei, Yen

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Hydrophobic hydroxyapatite nanorods were obtained from hydrothermal synthesis. • Surface initiated RAFT polymerization was adopted to surface modification of hydroxyapatite nanorods. • These modified hydroxyapatite nanorods showed high water dispersibility and biocompatibility. • These modified hydroxyapatite nanorods can be used for controlled drug delivery. - Abstract: Hydroxyapatite nanomaterials as an important class of nanomaterials, have been widely applied for different biomedical applications for their excellent biocompatibility, biodegradation potential and low cost. In this work, hydroxyapatite nanorods with uniform size and morphology were prepared through hydrothermal synthesis. The surfaces of these hydroxyapatite nanorods are covered with hydrophobic oleic acid, making them poor dispersibility in aqueous solution and difficult for biomedical applications. To overcome this issue, a simple surface initiated polymerization strategy has been developed via combination of the surface ligand exchange and reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Hydroxyapatite nanorods were first modified with Riboflavin-5-phosphate sodium (RPSSD) via ligand exchange reaction between the phosphate group of RPSSD and oleic acid. Then hydroxyl group of nHAp-RPSSD was used to immobilize chain transfer agent, which was used as the initiator for surface-initiated RAFT polymerization. The nHAp-RPSSD-poly(IA-PEGMA) nanocomposites were characterized by means of "1H nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and thermal gravimetric analysis in detailed. The biocompatibility, biological imaging and drug delivery of nHAp-RPSSD-poly(IA-PEGMA) were also investigated. Results showed that nHAp-RPSSD-poly(IA-PEGMA) exhibited excellent water dispersibility, desirable optical properties, good biocompatibility and high drug loading capability, making them promising candidates for biological

  1. Effect of structure, particle size and relative concentration of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions on the luminescence properties of Eu3+ co-doped Y2O3:Tb nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mukherjee, S; Sudarsan, V; Vatsa, R K; Tyagi, A K; Godbole, S V; Kadam, R M; Bhatta, U M

    2008-01-01

    Eu 3+ co-doped Y 2 O 3 :Tb nanoparticles were prepared by the combustion method and characterized for their structural and luminescence properties as a function of annealing temperatures and relative concentration of Eu 3+ and Tb 3+ ions. For Y 2 O 3 :Eu,Tb nanoparticles annealed at 600 and 1200 deg. C, variation in the relative intensity of excitation transitions between the 7 F 6 ground state and low spin and high spin 4f 7 5d 1 excited states of Tb 3+ is explained due to the combined effect of distortion around Y 3+ /Tb 3+ in YO 6 /TbO 6 polyhedra and the size of the nanoparticles. Increase in relative intensity of the 285 nm peak (spin-allowed transition denoted as peak B) with respect to the 310 nm peak (spin-forbidden transition denoted as peak A) with decrease of Tb 3+ concentration in the Y 2 O 3 :Eu,Tb nanoparticles heated at 1200 deg. C is explained based on two competing effects, namely energy transfer from Tb 3+ to Eu 3+ ions and quenching among the Tb 3+ ions. Back energy transfer from Tb 3+ to Eu 3+ in these nanoparticles is found to be very poor

  2. Structural and Luminescence Properties of Lu2O3:Eu3+ F127 Tri-Block Copolymer Modified Thin Films Prepared by Sol-Gel Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jesus Morales Ramírez, Angel; Hernández, Margarita García; Murillo, Antonieta García; de Jesús Carrillo Romo, Felipe; Palmerin, Joel Moreno; Velazquez, Dulce Yolotzin Medina; Jota, María Luz Carrera

    2013-01-01

    Lu2O3:Eu3+ transparent, high density, and optical quality thin films were prepared using the sol-gel dip-coating technique, starting with lutetium and europium nitrates as precursors and followed by hydrolysis in an ethanol-ethylene glycol solution. Acetic acid and acetylacetonate were incorporated in order to adjust pH and as a sol stabilizer. In order to increment the thickness of the films and orient the structure, F127 Pluronic acid was incorporated during the sol formation. Structural, morphological, and optical properties of the films were investigated for different F127/Lu molar ratios (0–5) in order to obtain high optical quality films with enhanced thickness compared with the traditional method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that the films present a highly oriented cubic structure beyond 1073 K for a 3-layer film, on silica glass substrates. The thickness, density, porosity, and refractive index evolution of the films were investigated by means of m-lines microscopy along with the morphology by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and luminescent properties. PMID:28809336

  3. Crystal structure and luminescence properties of the first hydride oxide chloride with divalent europium. LiEu{sub 2}HOCl{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudolph, Daniel; Schleid, Thomas [Institute for Inorganic Chemistry, University of Stuttgart (Germany); Enseling, David; Juestel, Thomas [Department of Chemical Engineering, Muenster University of Applied Sciences, Steinfurt (Germany)

    2017-11-17

    The mixed-anionic hydride oxide chloride LiEu{sub 2}HOCl{sub 2} with divalent europium was synthesized by the reduction of Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} with LiH in a LiCl flux at 750 C for 4 d in silica-jacketed niobium capsules. According to structure determination by single-crystal X-ray diffraction the yellow compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm (a = 1492.30(11) pm, b = 570.12(4) pm, c = 1143.71(8) pm, Z = 8) with a crystal structure closely related to that one of the quaternary hydride oxide LiLa{sub 2}HO{sub 3} and the hydride nitride LiSr{sub 2}H{sub 2}N. On the other hand it can also be derived from the PbFCl-type structure of EuHCl showing astonishingly short Eu{sup 2+}..Eu{sup 2+} contacts of 326 and 329 pm. Both crystallographically different Eu{sup 2+} cations have nine anionic neighbors, while all other ions (Li{sup +}, H{sup -}, O{sup 2-} and Cl{sup -}) reside in six-membered coordination spheres. LiEu{sub 2}OCl{sub 2}H exhibits a bright yellow luminescence with an emission maximum at 581 nm upon excitation at 440 nm. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Polarization Characterization of a Multi-Moded Feed Structure

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Polarization Characterization of a Multi-Moded Feed Structure projects characterize the polarization response of a multi-moded feed horn as an innovative...

  5. Luminescence of porous silicon doped by erbium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bondarenko, V.P.; Vorozov, N.N.; Dolgij, L.N.; Dorofeev, A.M.; Kazyuchits, N.M.; Leshok, A.A.; Troyanova, G.N.

    1996-01-01

    The possibility of the 1.54 μm intensive luminescence in the silicon dense porous layers, doped by erbium, with various structures is shown. Low-porous materials of both porous type on the p-type silicon and porous silicon with wood-like structure on the n + type silicon may be used for formation of light-emitting structures

  6. Luminescence characterization of sol-gel derived Pr{sup 3+} doped NaGd(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors for solid state lighting applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durairajan, A., E-mail: durairajan.a@gmail.com [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai, 600025 (India); I3N-Aveiro, Department of Physics, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, 3810 193 (Portugal); Thangaraju, D. [Research Institute of Electronics, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, 432-8011 (Japan); Moorthy Babu, S. [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai, 600025 (India); Valente, M.A. [I3N-Aveiro, Department of Physics, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, 3810 193 (Portugal)

    2016-08-15

    In the present work, xPr{sup 3+}:NaGd(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} (0.5 ≤ x ≤ 5.0 mol%) sub-micron phosphors were synthesised by sol-gel method. Low cost precursors of metal nitrates and low temperature thermal treatment was used compared to conventional solid state reaction. The formation of highly crystalline phosphors with tetragonal structure was confirmed by XRD and increase of Pr{sup 3+} ions content in host matrix leads to expansion of the unit cell volume. The surface morphology, size and particle distribution of the phosphors were observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). A rectangular shape particle with a size distribution ranging from 400 to 600 nm and tightly packed surface was seen in FE-SEM micrographs. The various internal and external phonon modes vibration corresponding to double tungstate structure was observed in Raman spectra. The optical properties of the synthesised phosphors were explored by ultraviolet visible (UV–Vis) absorption in diffuse reflectance and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. UV–Vis measurements distinguished the host and Pr{sup 3+} absorption and also reveal an increase in optical band gap values with an increase of Pr{sup 3+}. The PL measurements show various emissions from green and red regions under 450 nm. The maximum intensity emission at 489 nm is due to {sup 3}P{sub 0} → {sup 3}H{sub 4} transition of Pr{sup 3+}. From the maximum emission the critical doping concentration was calculated to be at 3.5 mol% and critical distance between two adjacent Pr{sup 3+} ions as 20.43 Å. - Highlights: • A sol-gel method was used to prepare Pr{sup 3+} doped NaGd(WO{sub 4}){sub 2} at low temperature. • Structural, spectroscopic, morphological, and optical and luminescence properties were studied. • The praseodymium ions are in trivalent state, the site symmetry is distorted and S{sub 4} local symmetry with Na{sup +} ions. • Strong green emission was observed under UV and visible excitation.

  7. Luminescence characterization of sol-gel derived Pr"3"+ doped NaGd(WO_4)_2 phosphors for solid state lighting applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Durairajan, A.; Thangaraju, D.; Moorthy Babu, S.; Valente, M.A.

    2016-01-01

    In the present work, xPr"3"+:NaGd(WO_4)_2 (0.5 ≤ x ≤ 5.0 mol%) sub-micron phosphors were synthesised by sol-gel method. Low cost precursors of metal nitrates and low temperature thermal treatment was used compared to conventional solid state reaction. The formation of highly crystalline phosphors with tetragonal structure was confirmed by XRD and increase of Pr"3"+ ions content in host matrix leads to expansion of the unit cell volume. The surface morphology, size and particle distribution of the phosphors were observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). A rectangular shape particle with a size distribution ranging from 400 to 600 nm and tightly packed surface was seen in FE-SEM micrographs. The various internal and external phonon modes vibration corresponding to double tungstate structure was observed in Raman spectra. The optical properties of the synthesised phosphors were explored by ultraviolet visible (UV–Vis) absorption in diffuse reflectance and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. UV–Vis measurements distinguished the host and Pr"3"+ absorption and also reveal an increase in optical band gap values with an increase of Pr"3"+. The PL measurements show various emissions from green and red regions under 450 nm. The maximum intensity emission at 489 nm is due to "3P_0 → "3H_4 transition of Pr"3"+. From the maximum emission the critical doping concentration was calculated to be at 3.5 mol% and critical distance between two adjacent Pr"3"+ ions as 20.43 Å. - Highlights: • A sol-gel method was used to prepare Pr"3"+ doped NaGd(WO_4)_2 at low temperature. • Structural, spectroscopic, morphological, and optical and luminescence properties were studied. • The praseodymium ions are in trivalent state, the site symmetry is distorted and S_4 local symmetry with Na"+ ions. • Strong green emission was observed under UV and visible excitation.

  8. Luminescent amine sensor based on europium(III) chelate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrochenkova, Nataliya V; Mirochnik, Anatolii G; Emelina, Tatyana B; Sergeev, Alexander A; Leonov, Andrei A; Voznesenskii, Sergey S

    2018-07-05

    The effect of methylamine vapor on luminescence of Eu(III) tris-benzoylacetonate (I) immobilized in thin-layer chromatography plates has been investigated. It has been revealed that interaction of I with analyte vapor results in increase of the intensity of Eu(III) luminescence. The mechanism of the effect of methylamine vapors on intensification of the Eu(III) luminescence has been suggested using the data of IR spectroscopy and quantum chemistry calculations. The mechanism of luminescence sensitization consists in bonding of an analyte molecule with a water molecule into the coordination sphere of Eu(III). As a result, the bond of a water molecule with the luminescence centre weakens, rigid structural fragment including europium ion, water and methylamine molecules forms. The presence of such fragment must naturally promote decrease of influence of OH-vibrations on luminescence of the complex I. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Luminescence centers in bismuth orthogermanate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bordun, O.M.

    2001-01-01

    The luminescence and photoexcitation spectra of single crystals,ceramics,and thin films of Bi 4 Ce 3 O 1 2 are studied.The decomposition of the luminescence spectra into elementary components by the Alentsev-Fock method showed that they consist of three bands with maxima at 2.7,2.4,and 2.05 eV.The bands with maxima at 2.7 and 2.4 eV are assigned to the emission of self-trapped Frenkel excitons describing the excited state of a (BiO 6 ) 9- molecular ion. Emission bands with maxima at 2.0 5 eV are assigned to recombination on traps caused by structural defects

  10. Review of present trends in luminescence research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Williams, F.; Delaware Univ., Newark

    1981-01-01

    The difficulties of a comprehensive review of the broad and diverse branches of molecular and solid-state luminescence research are noted. This review is thus limited to selective topics. Some general concepts and trends are then introduced, including: luminescence excitation as a collective excitation of a many-body problem, encompassing in some cases the source and probe in its formulation; continuing trends towards extremal conditions of experiments and towards inhomogeneous and structured materials, from man-made superlattices to biological materials; and increased attention to applications of luminescence research to lamps, displays, solar devices and biological research. Representative recent and new specific research areas include: site selection spectroscopy and 'hole burning'; picosecond delayed coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering; computer simulation of dynamical processes in luminescence; electron-hole expansion from the Fermi pressure of e-h plasmas; and hot electron phenomena and hot luminescence. Finally some pending problems in luminescence research, such as reconciling the configuration coordinate model and the electronic band theory and clarifying multi-phonon non-radiative processes, are discussed. (orig.)

  11. Structural characterization of copolymer embedded magnetic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nedelcu, G.G., E-mail: ggnedelcu@yahoo.com [Faculty of Physics, University “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Carol I Bulevard, Nr.11, 700506 Iasi (Romania); Nastro, A.; Filippelli, L. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, Cosenza (Italy); Cazacu, M.; Iacob, M. [Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry “Petru Poni”, Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda, nr. 41A, 700487 Iasi (Romania); Rossi, C. Oliviero [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, Cosenza (Italy); Popa, A.; Toloman, D. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath Str., 400293 Cluj-Napoca 5 (Romania); Dobromir, M.; Iacomi, F. [Faculty of Physics, University “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Carol I Bulevard, Nr.11, 700506 Iasi (Romania)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • The emulsion polymerization method was used to synthesize three samples of poly(methyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) coated magnetite obtained before through co-precipitation technique. • Poly(methyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) coated magnetite nanoparticles were prepared having spherical shape and dimensions between 13 and 16 nm without agglomerations. • Fourier transform infrared spectra have found that the magnetite was pure and spectral characteristics of PMMA-co-AAc were present. • The electron spin resonance spectra revealed that interactions between nanoparticles are very weak due to the fact that the nanoparticles have been individually embedded in polymer. • The resonance field values as function of temperature demonstrate that the presence of polymer has not modified essentially its magnetic properties, except that at temperatures below 140 K there was a change due to decreasing of the magnetic anisotropy. - Abstract: Small magnetic nanoparticles (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}) were synthesized by co-precipitation and coated by emulsion polymerization with poly(methyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) (PMMA-co-AAc) to create surface functional groups that can attach drug molecules and other biomolecules. The coated and uncoated magnetite nanoparticles were stored for two years in normal closed ships and than characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The solid phase transformation of magnetite to maghemite, as well as an increase in particle size were evidenced for the uncoated nanoparticles. The coated nanoparticles preserved their magnetite structure and magnetic properties. The influences of monomers and surfactant layers on interactions between the magnetic nanoparticles evidenced that the thickness of the polymer has a significant effect on magnetic properties.

  12. Novel Sr{sub 2}LuF{sub 7}–SiO{sub 2} nano-glass-ceramics: Structure and up-conversion luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanes, A.C.; Castillo, J. del, E-mail: fjvargas@ull.edu.es; Luis, D.; Puentes, J.

    2016-02-15

    Novel transparent nano-glass-ceramics comprising RE-doped Sr{sub 2}LuF{sub 7} nanocrystals have been obtained by thermal treatment of precursor sol–gel glasses. The precipitated Sr{sub 2}LuF{sub 7} nanocrystals with sizes from 4.5 to 11.5 nm, confirmed by X-Ray Diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy images, show a cubic phase structure. The luminescent features of Eu{sup 3+} ions, used as structural probes, evidence the distribution of RE ions into the fluoride nanocrystals. Under 980 nm laser excitation, intense UV, vis and NIR up-conversion emissions were observed and studied in Yb{sup 3+}–Tm{sup 3+}, Yb{sup 3+}–Er{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+}–Ho{sup 3+} co-doped nano-glass-ceramics. These results suggest considering these nano-glass-ceramics for potential optical applications as high efficient UV up-conversion materials in UV solid state lasers, infrared tuneable phosphors and photonic integrated devices. - Highlights: • Novel sol-gel glass-ceramics with RE{sup 3+}-Sr{sub 2}LuF{sub 7} doped nanocrystals were obtained. • Eu{sup 3+} probe ion was used to distinguish between amorphous and crystalline environments. • The incorporation of an important fraction of RE ions into nanocrystals was confirmed. • Under 980 nm excitation, intense UV-vis-NIR up-conversion emissions were observed.

  13. Structural, luminescence and photophysical properties of novel trimetallic nanocomposite CeO2·ZnO·ZnAl2O4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subhan, Md Abdus; Ahmed, Tanzir; Sarker, Prosenjit; Pakkanen, Tuula T.; Suvanto, Mika; Horimoto, Masahiro; Nakata, Hiroyasu

    2014-01-01

    A novel trimetallic nanocomposite was prepared at a temperature of around 220 °C using co-precipitation of their carbonates from aqueous solutions of the metal nitrates. The morphology of the composite was investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The X-ray, FTIR and SEM/EDS analyses data indicate that as-synthesized composite which was heated at around 220 °C exists in a nanosized form consisting of crystalline Zn 6 Al 2 (OH) 16 CO 3 ·4H 2 O and CeO 2 . Annealing at temperatures between 400 and 920 °C converts the as-synthesized composite to CeO 2 ·ZnO·ZnAl 2 O 4 multi-metal oxide consisting of crystalline CeO 2 , ZnO and semicrystalline ZnAl 2 O 4 . Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the as-synthesized sample showed emissions at 440 and 590 nm. PL spectra of CeO 2 ·ZnO·ZnAl 2 O 4 annealed at 920 °C was recorded and three sharp lines were observed at 627 nm (1.98 eV), 530 nm (2.34 eV) and 465 nm (2.67 eV) with broad peaks at 540 nm (2.3 eV) and 400 nm (3.1 eV). These sharp lines resemble to those of CeO 2 and the broad peaks originate from ZnO. The indirect band gap of the as-synthesized composite was found to be 2.44 eV. The luminescence lifetime at 4 K was measured to be 38 μs. -- Highlights: • A novel trimetallic nanocomposite, CeO 2 ·ZnO·ZnAl 2 O 4 has been synthesized and characterized. • At around 220 °C as-synthesized samples exist in crystalline Zn 6 Al 2 (OH) 16 CO 3 ·4H 2 O and CeO 2 . • Annealing at temperatures between 400 and 920 °C converts the composite to CeO 2 ·ZnO·ZnAl 2 O 4 . • The luminescence lifetime of the composite at 4 K was measured to be 38 μs. • PL of CeO 2 ·ZnO·ZnAl 2 O 4 shows three sharp peaks at 627 nm, 530 nm and 465 nm

  14. Syntheses, structures and luminescence for zinc coordination polymers based on a multifunctional 4′-(3-carboxyphenyl)- 3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine ligand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Yue; Yang, Meng-Lin; Hu, Huai-Ming, E-mail: ChemHu1@NWU.EDU.CN; Xu, Bing; Wang, Xiaofang; Xue, Ganglin

    2016-07-15

    Six new coordination polymers, [ZnLCl]{sub n}(1), [ZnL{sub 2}]{sub n}·2nH{sub 2}O (2), [Zn{sub 2}L(o-bdc)(OH)]{sub n}·0.5nH{sub 2}O (3), [Zn{sub 2}L(m-bdc)(OH)]{sub n}·nH{sub 2}O (4), [Zn{sub 2}L{sub 2}(p-bdc) (H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n}·nH{sub 2}O (5), [Zn{sub 2}L(1,2,4-btc)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n}(6), (HL=4′-(3-carboxyphenyl)- 3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine, H{sub 2}(o-bdc)= benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid, H{sub 2}(m-bdc)= benzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid, H{sub 2}(p-bdc)= benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, H{sub 3}(1,2,4-btc)= benzene-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid) have been synthesized under the hydrothermal conditions. Compound 1 displays a 3-connected 2D network structure with point symbol of {8"2.10}. Compound 2 exhibits 1D infinite loop chain structure. Compound 3 possesses a (3,8)-connected 3D framework composed of tetranuclear units with point symbol of {4"3}{sub 2}{4"6.6"1"8.8"4}. Compound 4 features a typical 2D hcb network based on tetranuclear zinc(II) units with point symbol of {4"4.6"2}. Compound 5 presents a classical two-fold penetration sql network with point symbol of {6"3}. Compound 6 can be seen as a (3,3,6)-connected 3D net with point symbol of {4"2.6"4.8"9}{4"2.6}{6"3}. The thermal stability and luminescent properties of compounds 1–6 in the solid state are discussed in detail. - Graphical abstract: Six new Zn(II) coordination polymers based on multicarboxylate and terpyridyl derivative ligands have synthesized under the hydrothermal conditions and the thermal stability and luminescence are discussed. Display Omitted.

  15. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of binary and ternary complexes of lanthanide (Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}) with salicylic acid and 1,10-phenanthroline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Chen-Qi; Yan, Tian-Lu; Wang, Yi-Ting; Ye, Zi-Jun; Xu, Cun-Jin, E-mail: cjxu@hznu.edu.cn; Zhou, Wen-Jun

    2017-04-15

    A series of binary and ternary complexes of lanthanide (Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}) with salicylic acid (Hsal) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) were synthesized, and characterized by element analysis, coordination titration analysis, IR, UV and TG-DTA. Their compositions were (NH{sub 4})[Ln(sal){sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (Ln=Eu (1), Sm (2), Tb (3)) and (NH{sub 4})[Ln(sal){sub 4}(phen){sub 2}] (Ln=Eu (4), Sm (5), Tb (6)), respectively. In particular, the ternary complex of Eu{sup 3+}, 4, was characterized by X-ray diffraction, and luminescence intensities of binary and ternary complexes were compared. In case of Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} complexes, ternary complexes emitted stronger luminescence than corresponding binary complexes of salicylic acid and Ln{sup 3+}. On the other hand, the ternary Tb{sup 3+} complex had weaker luminescence than the binary complex because of back energy transfer from Tb{sup 3+} to phen. The CIE coordinates of 1–6 were calculated as (0.65, 0.35), (0.52, 0.48), (0.33, 0.59), (0.67, 0.33), (0.62, 0.38) and (0.36, 0.58), respectively, which enable these complexes to be promising candidates for red, green, or yellow component in OLEDs.

  16. Five new Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers constructed by 3,5-bis-oxyacetate-benzoic acid: Syntheses, crystal structures, network topologies and luminescent properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang Xianrong; Yuan Hongyan; Feng Yunlong

    2012-01-01

    Five Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers, [Zn 2 (BOABA)(bpp)(OH)]·0.5H 2 O (1), [Cd 3 (BOABA) 2 (bpp) 2 (H 2 O) 6 ]·2H 2 O (2), [Cd 3 (BOABA) 2 (2,2′-bipy) 3 (H 2 O) 4 ]·5.5H 2 O (3), [CdNa(BOABA)(H 2 O)] 2 ·H 2 O (4) and [Cd 2 (BOABA)(bimb)Cl(H 2 O) 2 ]·H 2 O (5) (H 3 BOABA=3,5-bis-oxyacetate-benzoic acid, bpp=1,3-bi(4-pyridyl)propane, 2,2′-bipy=2,2′-bipyridine, bimb=1,4-bis(imidazol-1′-yl)butane), have been solvothermally synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analyses, IR spectra and TG analyses. 1 is an uninodal 4-connected 2D square grid network based on binuclear zinc clusters. 2 is 2D wavelike layer structure and further linked by hydrogen bonds into the final 3D (5,6,6)-connected topology network. 3 is 3-connected 2D topology network and the 2,2′-bipy ligands decorate in two different types. 4 is a (4,8)-connected 2D topology network with heterocaryotic {Cd 2 Na 2 } clusters and BOABA 3– ligands. 5 can be rationalized as a (3,10)-connected 3D topology network with tetranuclear {Cd 4 Cl 2 } clusters and BOABA 3– ligands. Meanwhile, photoluminescence studies revealed that these five coordination polymers display strong fluorescent emission bands in the solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Five new d 10 metal(II) coordination polymers based on H 3 BOABA ligand were obtained and characterized. They display different topological structures and luminescent properties. Highlights: ► Five d 10 metal(II) polymers based on 3,5-bis-oxyacetate-benzoic acid were obtained. ► The polymers were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. ► Polymers 1–5 display different topological structures. ► They show strong fluorescent emission bands in the solid state.

  17. Controllable synthesis of Ln3+ (Ln = Tb, Eu) doped zinc phosphate nano-/micro-structured materials: phase, morphology and luminescence properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Dan; Lu, Wei; Li, Chunyang; Zhang, Xinlei; Liu, Chunxia; Wang, Zhenling

    2014-01-01

    Ln3+ (Ln = Tb, Eu) doped zinc phosphate tetrahydrate (ZPT:Ln3+) and ammonium zinc phosphate (AZP:Ln3+) nano-/micro-structured materials were synthesized in aqueous solution without the addition of any structure-directing agent. The phase structures, morphologies and luminescence properties of the as-synthesized samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and lifetime. These investigations indicate that different phosphate sources MnH(3-n)PO4 (M = NH4+ or Na+, n = 1, 2, 3) can lead to the altering of morphology from nanosheet to microflower, but have no significant effect on the phase structure of the samples. The microlump, nanosheet, and microflower (constructed by the primary microlumps or nanosheets) of orthorhombic ZPT:Ln3+ could be selectively prepared by adjusting the pH value from 3.5 to 7.0. A mixture of orthorhombic ZPT:Ln3+ and monoclinic AZP:Ln3+ with a microflower morphology was obtained when the pH value was adjusted to 8.0. Monoclinic AZP:Ln3+ microplate, microcube and nanoparticle morphologies were obtained at pH values of 8.5, 9.0 and 11.0 respectively. The phase transformation and growth mechanism of the diverse morphologies were proposed, and ZPT:Ln3+ (Ln3+ = Eu or Tb) samples exhibit red or green emission under the excitation of UV light.Ln3+ (Ln = Tb, Eu) doped zinc phosphate tetrahydrate (ZPT:Ln3+) and ammonium zinc phosphate (AZP:Ln3+) nano-/micro-structured materials were synthesized in aqueous solution without the addition of any structure-directing agent. The phase structures, morphologies and luminescence properties of the as-synthesized samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and lifetime. These

  18. Structural and morphological characterization of cellulose pulp

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ocwelwang, A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the structure of cellulose is of utmost importance in order to enhance its accessibility and reactivity to chemical processing. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ultrasound pretreatment on the structure...

  19. Structure-based characterization of multiprotein complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiederstein, Markus; Gruber, Markus; Frank, Karl; Melo, Francisco; Sippl, Manfred J

    2014-07-08

    Multiprotein complexes govern virtually all cellular processes. Their 3D structures provide important clues to their biological roles, especially through structural correlations among protein molecules and complexes. The detection of such correlations generally requires comprehensive searches in databases of known protein structures by means of appropriate structure-matching techniques. Here, we present a high-speed structure search engine capable of instantly matching large protein oligomers against the complete and up-to-date database of biologically functional assemblies of protein molecules. We use this tool to reveal unseen structural correlations on the level of protein quaternary structure and demonstrate its general usefulness for efficiently exploring complex structural relationships among known protein assemblies. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Structural and luminescence studies of Eu3+: TeO2sbnd B2O3sbnd AOsbnd AF2 (A = Pb, Ba, Zn, Cd, Sr) glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvi, S.; Marimuthu, K.; Muralidharan, G.

    2017-09-01

    Eu3+ doped oxyfluoro boro-tellurite (TBXFE) with molar composition 29 TeO2sbnd 30B2O3sbnd 20AOsbnd 20AF2sbnd 1Eu2O3 (where A = Pb, Ba, Zn, Cd, Sr) glasses were prepared and investigated by XRD, FTIR, UV-Vis-NIR, luminescence and decay measurements. XRD patterns confirm the glassy nature of the prepared glasses. The influence of metal ions on the structure of boro-tellurite glasses were investigated through FTIR spectra. The intra band (4f-4f) transitions of Eu3+ ions are discussed through UV-Vis-NIR absorption spectra. The covalent nature around the Eu3+ ions with ligands are discussed using the bonding parameter (δ) and nephelauxetic ratio (β). The fundamental absorption edge, direct, indirect band gap, Urbach energy and band tailing parameters are reported. A bright red emission at 616 nm corresponding to the 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ ions could be observed in the title glasses. Judd-Ofelt parameters were estimated from the emission spectra of Eu3+ ions. The dependence of these parameters on the composition of the glass is discussed. Judd-Ofelt parameters were used to derive the radiative parameters such as transition probabilities (A, s-1), branching ratios (βR), radiative lifetime (τrad) and stimulated emission cross-section (σPE) for the 5D0 → 7FJ (J = 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4) transitions. The luminescence intensity ratio (LIR) of 5D0 → 7F2/5D0 → 7F1 transitions was estimated to analyze the local site symmetry around the Eu3+ ions in the present glasses. The chromaticity coordinates and colour purity were calculated from the emission spectra and analyzed with Commission International de I'Eclairage (CIE) 1931 diagram. The experimental lifetime of 5D0 level could be fitted to a single exponential indicating the absence of energy transfer between the Eu3+ ions in the present glasses.

  1. Hydrothermal synthesis, structure and characterization of new ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Keywords. Hydrothermal; crystal structure; solid electrolyte; iron (III) pyrophosphate. 1. Introduction ... tion, structure and electrical conductivity and the higher values of ..... type cavity structure. Acknowledgements. The authors would like to express their thanks to DST,. New Delhi, for financial assistance under the projects.

  2. SDSL-ESR-based protein structure characterization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strancar, J.; Kavalenka, A.A.; Urbancic, I.; Ljubetic, A.; Hemminga, M.A.

    2010-01-01

    As proteins are key molecules in living cells, knowledge about their structure can provide important insights and applications in science, biotechnology, and medicine. However, many protein structures are still a big challenge for existing high-resolution structure-determination methods, as can be

  3. Multifunctional uranyl hybrid materials: structural diversities as a function of pH, luminescence with potential nitrobenzene sensing, and photoelectric behavior as p-type semiconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Jian; Gao, Xue; Wang, Zhi-Nan; Li, Cheng-Ren; Xu, Qi; Bai, Feng-Ying; Shi, Zhong-Feng; Xing, Yong-Heng

    2015-09-21

    A series of uranyl-organic frameworks (UOFs), {[(UO2)2(H2TTHA)(H2O)]·4,4'-bipy·2H2O}n (1), {[(UO2)3(TTHA)(H2O)3]}n (2), and {[(UO2)5(TTHA) (HTTHA)(H2O)3]·H3O}n (3), have been obtained by the hydrothermal reaction of uranyl acetate with a flexible hexapodal ligand (1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine hexaacetic acid, H6TTHA). These compounds exhibited three distinct 3D self-assembly architectures as a function of pH by single-crystal structural analysis, although the used ligand was the same in each reaction. Surprisingly, all of the coordination modes of the H6TTHA ligand in this work are first discovered. Furthermore, the photoluminescent results showed that these compounds displayed high-sensitivity luminescent sensing functions for nitrobenzene. Additionally, the surface photovoltage spectroscopy and electric-field-induced surface photovoltage spectroscopy showed that compounds 1-3 could behave as p-type semiconductors.

  4. Structural morphology, upconversion luminescence and optical thermometric sensing behavior of Y2O3:Er(3+)/Yb(3+) nano-crystalline phosphor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, C; Dwivedi, A; Rai, S B

    2014-08-14

    Infrared-to-visible upconverting rare earths Er(3+)/Yb(3+) co-doped Y2O3 nano-crystalline phosphor samples have been prepared by solution combustion method followed by post-heat treatment at higher temperatures. A slight increase in average crystallite size has been found on calcinations verified by X-ray analysis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirms the nano-crystalline nature of the as-prepared and calcinated samples. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis shows the structural changes in as-prepared and calcinated samples. Upconversion and downconversion emission recorded using 976 and 532 nm laser sources clearly demonstrates a better luminescence properties in the calcinated samples as compared to as-prepared sample. Upconversion emission has been quantified in terms of standard chromaticity diagram (CIE) showing a shift in overall upconversion emission of as-prepared and calcinated samples. Temperature sensing behaviour of this material has also been investigated by measurement of fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) of various signals in green emission in the temperature range of 315 to 555 K under 976 nm laser excitation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. The crystal structure and luminescence quenching of poly- and single-crystalline KYW{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Tb{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwung, Sebastian [Fachbereich Chemieingenieurwesen, Fachhochschule Münster, Stegerwaldstraße 39, 48565 Steinfurt (Germany); Rytz, Daniel, E-mail: rytz@fee-io.de [Forschungsinstitut für mineralische und metallische Werkstoffe-Edelsteine/ Edelmetalle-GmbH (FEE), Struthstraße 2, 55743 Idar-Oberstein (Germany); Heying, Birgit; Rodewald, Ute Ch.; Niehaus, Oliver [Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Münster, Corrensstrasse 30 48149 Münster (Germany); Enseling, David [Fachbereich Chemieingenieurwesen, Fachhochschule Münster, Stegerwaldstraße 39, 48565 Steinfurt (Germany); Jüstel, Thomas, E-mail: tj@fh-muenster.de [Fachbereich Chemieingenieurwesen, Fachhochschule Münster, Stegerwaldstraße 39, 48565 Steinfurt (Germany); Pöttgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.de [Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Münster, Corrensstrasse 30 48149 Münster (Germany)

    2015-10-15

    Terbium-substituted KYW{sub 2}O{sub 8} single crystals of high optical quality were grown by the top seeded solution growth technique. The degree of yttrium–terbium mixed occupancy was determined for two samples through structure refinements on the basis of single crystal X-ray diffractometer data. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility data underline the paramagnetic nature of terbium doped crystals. No magnetic ordering is evident down to 2 K. Luminescence measurements yield the typical excitation and emission spectra as expected for Tb{sup 3+} activated materials. The decay time of Tb{sup 3+} decreases linearly with the Tb{sup 3+} concentration, while the excess of thermal quenching does not change significantly. At about 405 K the decay time is reduced by roughly 50% relative to the low-temperature value, both for the powders as for the single crystals. - Highlights: • Single crystalline and powder series of K(Y,Tb)W{sub 2}O{sub 8.} • Refined XRD data of high quality crystals. • Linear decrease of the decay time with Tb{sup 3+} content.

  6. SDSL-ESR-based protein structure characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strancar, Janez; Kavalenka, Aleh; Urbancic, Iztok; Ljubetic, Ajasja; Hemminga, Marcus A

    2010-03-01

    As proteins are key molecules in living cells, knowledge about their structure can provide important insights and applications in science, biotechnology, and medicine. However, many protein structures are still a big challenge for existing high-resolution structure-determination methods, as can be seen in the number of protein structures published in the Protein Data Bank. This is especially the case for less-ordered, more hydrophobic and more flexible protein systems. The lack of efficient methods for structure determination calls for urgent development of a new class of biophysical techniques. This work attempts to address this problem with a novel combination of site-directed spin labelling electron spin resonance spectroscopy (SDSL-ESR) and protein structure modelling, which is coupled by restriction of the conformational spaces of the amino acid side chains. Comparison of the application to four different protein systems enables us to generalize the new method and to establish a general procedure for determination of protein structure.

  7. Unique Chiral Interpenetrating d-f Heterometallic MOFs as Luminescent Sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zhi-Lei; Dong, Jie; Ni, Wei-Yan; Zhang, Bo-Wen; Cui, Jian-Zhong; Zhao, Bin

    2015-06-01

    One novel three-dimensional (3D) 3d-4f metal-organic framework (MOF), [TbZn(L)(CO3)2(H2O)]n (1) [HL = 4'-(4-carboxyphenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine], has been successfully synthesized and structurally characterized. Structural analysis shows that compound 1 features a unique chiral interpenetrating 3D framework for the first time. The resulting crystals of 1 are composed of enantiomers 1a (P41) and 1b (P43), as was clearly confirmed by the crystal structure and the corresponding circular dichroism (CD) analyses of eight randomly selected crystals. The investigations on CD spectra based on every single crystal clearly assigned the Cotton effect signals. The powder X-ray diffraction measurement of 1 after being immersed in common solvents reveals that 1 possess excellent solvent stability. Furthermore, luminescent studies imply that 1 displays highly selective luminescent sensing of aldehydes, such as formol, acetaldehyde, and propanal.

  8. Erbium-doped borosilicate glasses containing various amounts of P2O5 and Al2O3: Influence of the silica content on the structure and thermal, physical, optical and luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bourhis, Kevin; Massera, Jonathan; Petit, Laeticia; Koponen, Joona; Fargues, Alexandre; Cardinal, Thierry; Hupa, Leena; Hupa, Mikko; Dussauze, Marc; Rodriguez, Vincent; Ferraris, Monica

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Er 3+ doped borosilicate glasses were processed with different compositions and characterizations. • An increase in the SiO 2 content leads to a silicate-rich environment around the Er 3+ site. • An increase in the SiO 2 content decreases the Er 3+ absorption cross-section at 980 nm. • Glasses with 60 mol% of SiO 2 exhibit a stronger emission intensity at 1530 nm than glasses with x = 50. • Highest 1.5 μm emission intensity was achieved for the Al and P containing glass with 60 mol% of SiO 2 . - Abstract: The influence of the silica content on several properties of Er-doped borosilicate glasses in the presence of various amounts of P 2 O 5 and Al 2 O 3 has been investigated. The introduction of P 2 O 5 and/or Al 2 O 3 are responsible for structural modifications in the glass network through a charge-compensation mechanism related to the formation of negatively-charged PO 4 and AlO 4 groups or through the formation of AlPO 4 -like structural units. In this paper, we show that an increase in the SiO 2 content leads to a silicate-rich environment around the Er 3+ site, resulting in an increased dependence of the Er 3+ ions optical and luminescence properties on the P 2 O 5 and/or Al 2 O 3 concentration. The highest emission intensity at 1.5 μm was achieved for the glass with an equal proportion of P and Al in the glass system with 60 mol% of SiO 2

  9. Positron-Induced Luminescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenson, E. V.; Hergenhahn, U.; Stoneking, M. R.; Pedersen, T. Sunn

    2018-04-01

    We report on the observation that low-energy positrons incident on a phosphor screen produce significantly more luminescence than electrons do. For two different wide-band-gap semiconductor phosphors (ZnS:Ag and ZnO:Zn), we compare the luminescent response to a positron beam with the response to an electron beam. For both phosphors, the positron response is significantly brighter than the electron response, by a factor that depends strongly on incident energy (0-5 keV). Positrons with just a few tens of electron-volts of energy (for ZnS:Ag) or less (for ZnO:Zn) produce as much luminescence as is produced by electrons with several kilo-electron-volts. We attribute this effect to valence band holes and excited electrons produced by positron annihilation and subsequent Auger processes. These results demonstrate a valuable approach for addressing long-standing questions about luminescent materials.

  10. Structure, chemistry and luminescence properties of dielectric La{sub x}Hf{sub 1-x}O{sub y} films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaichev, V.V., E-mail: vvk@catalysis.ru [Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Smirnova, T.P.; Yakovkina, L.V. [Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Ivanova, E.V.; Zamoryanskaya, M.V. [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Saraev, A.A. [Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Pustovarov, V.A. [Ural State Technical University, Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Perevalov, T.V.; Gritsenko, V.A. [Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2016-06-01

    Dielectric films of La{sub 2}O{sub 3}, HfO{sub 2}, and La{sub x}Hf{sub 1-x}O{sub y} were synthesized by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. Structural, chemical, and luminescence properties of the films were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, methods of X-ray diffraction and selected area electron diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and a cathodoluminescence technique. It was found that doping of hafnium oxide with lanthanum leads to the formation of a continuous series of solid solutions with a cubic structure. This process is accompanied by the formation of oxygen vacancies in the HfO{sub 2} lattice. Cathodoluminescence spectra of the La{sub x}Hf{sub 1-x}O{sub y}/Si films exhibited a wide band with the maximum near 2.4–2.5 eV, which corresponds to the blue emission. Quantum-chemical calculations showed that this blue band is due to oxygen vacancies in the HfO{sub 2} lattice. - Highlights: • HfO{sub 2} and solid solution La{sub x}Hf{sub 1-x}O{sub y} films were synthesized by MOCVD. • The continuous series of solid solutions with a cubic structure was formed at La doping of HfO{sub 2}. • Cathodoluminescence band at 2.4–2.5 eV is observed due to the oxygen vacancies in La{sub x}Hf{sub 1-x}O{sub y}. • The cathodoluminescence decreases in intensity when the La concentration increases.

  11. Some experiences with absorption, phonon Raman, and luminescence spectroscopic probes of crystal structure of f-element compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peterson, J.R.

    1992-01-01

    Structural information is crucial to the study and understanding of the basic chemical properties of the f elements. X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques are usually used to obtain crystal structure information. However, the transuranium (5f) elements, because of their radioactivity and limited availability, present problems for standard XRD analysis. For some time now we have been developing and using various spectroscopic probes of crystal structure; an overview of our research in this area is presented here

  12. Luminescent polymethyl methacrylate modified by gamma radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morais, Guilherme F. [Faculdade de Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (FATEC-ZL), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Forster, Pedro L.; Marchini, Leonardo G.; Lugao, Ademar B.; Parra, Duclerc F., E-mail: dfparra@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Thin films of PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) doped with luminescent complexes have been studied and developed for applications in advanced technologies. The problem of stability of these films is focused in this study. Films stabilization by reaction with fluorinated monomers is a recent study that aims to increase its luminescence properties for long time. The films were prepared by dilution of PMMA in chloroform with addition of europium complex, at proportion of 5% by weight of polymer. The luminescent polymer films were obtained by casting. Thin layer slides of the film were separated in three parts. One was reacted with fluorinated monomers (C{sub 2}F{sub 4}) in closed reactor for 48 hours. A second part was reacted with C{sub 2}F{sub 4} after irradiation in gamma source at 5 kGy in simultaneous process. The last part was used as obtained. The luminescent polymer matrices were characterized using the techniques of infrared (FTIR) and thermogravimetry (TGA/DTG). Samples of the films were, in presence of fluorine monomers, exposed to ionizing radiation in dose of 5 kGy, for react with monomers in the doped polymer surface. In this case the effects of radiation were evaluated on the luminescent films. (author)

  13. Luminescent polymethyl methacrylate modified by gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morais, Guilherme F.; Forster, Pedro L.; Marchini, Leonardo G.; Lugao, Ademar B.; Parra, Duclerc F.

    2011-01-01

    Thin films of PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) doped with luminescent complexes have been studied and developed for applications in advanced technologies. The problem of stability of these films is focused in this study. Films stabilization by reaction with fluorinated monomers is a recent study that aims to increase its luminescence properties for long time. The films were prepared by dilution of PMMA in chloroform with addition of europium complex, at proportion of 5% by weight of polymer. The luminescent polymer films were obtained by casting. Thin layer slides of the film were separated in three parts. One was reacted with fluorinated monomers (C 2 F 4 ) in closed reactor for 48 hours. A second part was reacted with C 2 F 4 after irradiation in gamma source at 5 kGy in simultaneous process. The last part was used as obtained. The luminescent polymer matrices were characterized using the techniques of infrared (FTIR) and thermogravimetry (TGA/DTG). Samples of the films were, in presence of fluorine monomers, exposed to ionizing radiation in dose of 5 kGy, for react with monomers in the doped polymer surface. In this case the effects of radiation were evaluated on the luminescent films. (author)

  14. Synthesis and characterization of (Lu{sub 1−x−y}Y{sub x}Ce{sub y}){sub 2}SiO{sub 5} luminescent powders with fast decay time

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aburto-Crespo, M. [Programa de Posgrado en Física de Materiales CICESE-UNAM, Km. 107 Carretera Tij-Ens, Ensenada, B. C. 22860, México (Mexico); Hirata, G.A., E-mail: hirata@cnyn.unam.mx [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología-Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada, Ensenada, B. C. 22860, México (Mexico); McKittrick, J. [University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0411 (United States)

    2013-04-15

    The structural and luminescent properties of blue-emitting (Lu{sub 1−x−y}Y{sub x}Ce{sub y}){sub 2}SiO{sub 5} (0.1≤x≤0.4, y=0.05, 0.005) phosphors prepared by combustion synthesis and post-annealed at 1200 °C for different annealing times are reported. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the formation of a (Lu,Y){sub 2}SiO{sub 5} solid solution as a majority phase with small traces of a residual phase that was identified as Lu{sub 2}SiO{sub 7}. Under long-UV excitation, the powders yield a very bright blue-emission consisting of two bands with maximum emissions located at λ=405 nm and λ=440 nm, both corresponding to the Ce{sup 3+} allowed transitions {sup 2}D{sub 3/2}→{sup 2}F{sub 5/2} and {sup 2}D{sub 5/2}→{sup 2}F{sub 7/2}, respectively. Moreover, luminescence decay times of 38–45 ns were measured, which depend on the composition, making these powders excellent candidates for application as scintillators in medical imaging. -- Highlights: ► A facile technique to fabricate (Lu,Y)-oxyorthosilicate nanophosphors is presented. ► The structural and excellent luminescent properties including excitation, emission and short decay times are reported. ► The Ce-doped oxyorthosilicates nanophosphors present a fast decay time of the order of 38–45 ns.

  15. Luminescent lanthanide coordination polymers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, L.; Evans, O.R.; Foxman, B.M.; Lin, W.

    1999-12-13

    One-dimensional lanthanide coordination polymers with the formula Ln(isonicotinate){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} (Ln = Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb; 1a-f) were synthesized by treating nitrate or perchlorate salts of Ln(III) with 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde under hydro(solvo)thermal conditions. Single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction studies indicate that these lanthanide coordination polymers adopt two different structures. While Ce(III), Pr(III), and Nd(III) complexes adopt a chain structure with alternating Ln-(carboxylate){sub 2}-Ln and Ln-(carboxylate){sub 4}-Ln linkages, Sm(III), Eu(III), and Tb(III) complexes have a doubly carboxylate-bridged infinite-chain structure with one chelating carboxylate group on each metal center. In both structures, the lanthanide centers also bind to two water molecules to yield an eight-coordinate, square antiprismatic geometry. The pyridine nitrogen atoms of the isonicotinate groups do not coordinate to the metal centers in these lanthanide(III) complexes; instead, they direct the formation of Ln(III) coordination polymers via hydrogen bonding with coordinated water molecules. Photoluminescence measurements show that Tb(isonicotinate){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} is highly emissive at room temperature with a quantum yield of {approximately}90%. These results indicate that highly luminescent lanthanide coordination polymers can be assembled using a combination of coordination and hydrogen bonds. Crystal data for 1a: monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c, a = 9.712(2) {angstrom}, b = 19.833(4) {angstrom}, c = 11.616(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 111.89(3){degree}, Z = 4. Crystal data for 1f: monoclinic space group C2/c, a = 20.253(4) {angstrom}, b = 11.584(2) {angstrom}, c = 9.839(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 115.64(3){degree}, Z = 8.

  16. Soil structure characterized using computed tomographic images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhanqi Cheng; Stephen H. Anderson; Clark J. Gantzer; J. W. Van Sambeek

    2003-01-01

    Fractal analysis of soil structure is a relatively new method for quantifying the effects of management systems on soil properties and quality. The objective of this work was to explore several methods of studying images to describe and quantify structure of soils under forest management. This research uses computed tomography and a topological method called Multiple...

  17. Characterizing urban structure using taxi GPS data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zheng, Zhong; Zhou, Suhong; Rasouli, S.; Timmermans, H.J.P.

    2014-01-01

    Scholars have explored urban structure from many perspectives. Developments in ICT have made it possible to discover spatial patterns in activities using big data. The identified patterns allow us to better understand urban structure. This chapter reports the collection of taxi GPS records for a

  18. Goldenphilicity: Luminescent gold compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sansores, L.E.

    2002-01-01

    In the solids and molecules different types of bonds are presented depending on the involved atoms, covalent bonds are common among elements of open shell, where more bond orbitals are filled than anti bond orbitals. It is expected that ionic bonds among closed shell atoms which have charges of opposite sign. Bonds type Van der Waals are presented among molecules which have a bipolar moment. It would not be expected bonds among zero charge species, or more generally with the same nominal charge and in any case the attractive forces would be very small. In fact it is expected that two metallic cations to be repelled each other. There recently is evidence that in organic or organometallic compounds could exist attractive interactions between two cations of the d 8 -d 10 -s 2 families. These bonds are weak but stronger than those of Van der Waals. They are compared with the hydrogen bonds. In this work it was reviewed some examples in which the goldenphilicity plays an important role in the luminescence that the gold complexes present. Examples of mono, bi and trinuclear and the structures that these organometallic compounds could take are examined. (Author)

  19. Synthesis, structure, and luminescence properties of In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7}/SnO{sub 2} core-shell nanowires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sunghoon; An, Soyeon; Jin, Changhyun; Lee, Chongmu [Inha University, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7}/SnO{sub 2} core-shell nanowires were synthesized by using a two-step process: thermal evaporation of a mixture of In and Ge powders and atomic layer deposition of SnO{sub 2}. The core-shell nanowires were characterized using by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7} cores in these core-shell nanowires varied from 50 to 100 nanometers in diameter and up to a few hundreds of micrometers in length, and the SnO{sub 2} shell layer thickness ranged from 5 to 15 nm. Photoluminescence measurements showed that the In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7} nanowires had a weak broad violet emission band centered at approximately 405 nm. In contrast, the In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7}/SnO{sub 2} core-shell nanowires had a taller blue-violet emission peak at approximately 440 nm. The optimum shell layer thickness of the In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7}/SnO{sub 2} core-shell nanowires for the highest PL intensity was found to be 15 nm. Our results also showed that the intensity of the blue-violet emission was increased further by thermal annealing in an Ar atmosphere. The origins of the change on and the enhancement of the luminescence of the In{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7} nanowires by SnO{sub 2} coating and annealing are discussed.

  20. Crystal structure and Temperature-Dependent Luminescence Characteristics of KMg4(PO4)3:Eu2+ phosphor for White Light-emitting diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jian; Liu, Yangai; Mei, Lefu; Liu, Haikun; Fang, Minghao; Huang, Zhaohui

    2015-01-01

    The KMg4(PO4)3:Eu2+ phosphor was prepared by the conventional high temperature solid-state reaction. The crystal structure, luminescence and reflectance spectra, thermal stability, quantum efficiency and the application for N-UV LED were studied respectively. The phase formation and crystal structure of KMg4(PO4)3:Eu2+ were confirmed from the powder X-ray diffraction and the Rietveld refinement. The concentration quenching of Eu2+ in the KMg4(PO4)3 host was determined to be 1mol% and the quenching mechanism was certified to be the dipole–dipole interaction. The energy transfer critical distance of as-prepared phosphor was calculated to be about 35.84Å. Furthermore, the phosphor exhibited good thermal stability and the corresponding activation energy ΔE was reckoned to be 0.24eV. Upon excitation at 365nm, the internal quantum efficiency of the optimized KMg4(PO4)3:Eu2+ was estimated to be 50.44%. The white N-UV LEDs was fabricated via KMg4(PO4)3:Eu2+, green-emitting (Ba,Sr)2SiO4:Eu2+, and red-emitting CaAlSiN3:Eu2+ phosphors with a near-UV chip. The excellent color rendering index (Ra = 96) at a correlated color temperature (5227.08K) with CIE coordinates of x = 0.34, y = 0.35 of the WLED device indicates that KMg4(PO4)3:Eu2+ is a promising blue-emitting phosphor for white N-UV light emitting diodes (LEDs). PMID:25855866

  1. Structuring a cost-effective site characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berven, B.A.; Little, C.A.; Swaja, R.E.

    1990-01-01

    Successful chemical and radiological site characterizations are complex activities which require meticulously detailed planning. Each layer of investigation is based upon previously generated information about the site. Baseline historical, physical, geological, and regulatory information is prerequisite for preliminary studies at a site. Preliminary studies then provide samples and measurements which define the identity of potential contaminants and define boundaries around the area to be investigated. The goal of a full site characterization is to accurately determine the extent and magnitude of contaminants and carefully define the site conditions such that the future movements of site contaminants can be assessed for potential exposure to human occupants and/or environmental impacts. Critical to this process is the selection of appropriate measurement and sampling methodology, selection and use of appropriate instrumentation and management/interpretation of site information. Site investigations require optimization between the need of information to maximize the understanding of site conditions and the cost of acquiring that information. 5 refs., 1 tab

  2. Powder diffraction in structural characterization of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    scientists for studying the structure and microstruc- ture of crystalline solids. .... No specific colour brown habit, brown habit, dark red habit, brown habit, dark red ..... polymorphic modifications of this compound, where atom N14 will play a role ...

  3. Synthesis and Crystal Structures of Luminescent Mononuclear Ni(ii and Cd(ii Complexes with 1,10-phenanthroline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecaterina Tocana

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available New supramolecular systems of Ni(II and Cd(II with 1,10-phenanthroline constructed by non-covalent interactions have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffractometry. The smaller nickel(II ion forms a cis complex with outer-sphere perchlorates, while the cadmium(II ion forms a trans complex involving inner-sphere perchlorates. Both compoundsrevealintraligand-basedluminescentproperties.

  4. The structure of the blue luminescent delta-phase of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminium(III) (Alq3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cölle, Michael; Dinnebier, Robert E; Brütting, Wolfgang

    2002-12-07

    The existence of the facial isomer in the delta-phase of Alq3 is proven by X-ray structural analysis, revealing that both the different molecular structure and the weaker overlap of the pi-orbitals of hydroxyquinoline ligands belonging to neighboring Alq3 molecules as compared to other phases (alpha, beta) are likely to be the origin of the significantly different optical properties of delta-Alq3.

  5. Preparation and up-conversion luminescence of SrAlF{sub 5}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} nanorods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Jun [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); Hua, Ruinian, E-mail: rnhua@dlnu.edu.cn [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Zhang, Wei; Feng, Zhiqing; Tang, Dongxin; Na, Liyan [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Chen, Baojiu, E-mail: chenmbj@sohu.com [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)

    2014-03-05

    Graphical abstract: The SrAlF{sub 5} nanorods co-doped with various Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} concentrations was synthetized via a microemulsion-hydrothermal process for the first time. It was found that the optimum doping concentration of Yb{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+} in SrAlF{sub 5} matrix was about 4 mol%. Furthermore, the temperature effect of upconversion luminescence was investigated. It was also found that the post heat-treatment could greatly improve upconversion luminescence. Highlights: • SrAlF{sub 5}:Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} nanorods were synthesized via a microemulsion-hydrothermal process. • Crystal structure and morphology were characterized by using XRD and FESEM. • The upconversion luminescence intensity depend on LD working current was studied. • The post heat-treatment could greatly improve upconversion luminescence. -- Abstract: Yb{sup 3+} and Er{sup 3+} co-doped SrAlF{sub 5} nanorods with average diameter of 35 nm and average length of 400 nm were synthesized via a microemulsion-hydrothermal process, and their crystal structure and morphology were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), respectively. The optimum doping concentration of Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} in SrAlF{sub 5} matrix was about 4 mol%. The upconversion luminescence intensity dependence on the laser diode (LD) working current was studied and the possible upconversion mechanism was analyzed. Furthermore, the temperature effect of upconversion luminescence was investigated. It was also found that the post heat-treatment could greatly improve upconversion luminescence.

  6. AFM Structural Characterization of Drinking Water Biofilm ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Due to the complexity of mixed culture drinking water biofilm, direct visual observation under in situ conditions has been challenging. In this study, atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed the three dimensional morphology and arrangement of drinking water relevant biofilm in air and aqueous solution. Operating parameters were optimized to improve imaging of structural details for a mature biofilm in liquid. By using a soft cantilever (0.03 N/m) and slow scan rate (0.5 Hz), biofilm and individual bacterial cell’s structural topography were resolved and continuously imaged in liquid without loss of spatial resolution or sample damage. The developed methodology will allow future in situ investigations to temporally monitor mixed culture drinking water biofilm structural changes during disinfection treatments. Due to the complexity of mixed culture drinking water biofilm, direct visual observation under in situ conditions has been challenging. In this study, atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed the three dimensional morphology and arrangement of drinking water relevant biofilm in air and aqueous solution. Operating parameters were optimized to improve imaging of structural details for a mature biofilm in liquid. By using a soft cantilever (0.03 N/m) and slow scan rate (0.5 Hz), biofilm and individual bacterial cell’s structural topography were resolved and continuously imaged in liquid without loss of spatial resolution or sample damage. The developed methodo

  7. Ion beam induced luminescence of germano-silicate optical fiber preform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Hyunkyu; Kim, Jongyeol; Lee, Namho [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Youngwoong; Han, Wontaek [Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Markovic, Nikola; Jaksic, Milko [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Zagred (Croatia)

    2014-05-15

    When an optical fiber is exposed to radiation, the attenuation (RIA, Radiation Induced Attenuation) in the optical fiber (OF) is increased because of the color centers which deteriorate the transmission property and generate the absorption loss. In order to understand the radiation induced defect, Ion Beam induced luminescence (IBIL) was introduced to investigate it. IBIL technique is to analyze IR/VIS/UV luminescence related to ion beam interaction with outer shell electrons involved in chemical bonds and structure defects of target atoms. So IBIL is sensitive to its chemical composition and has been used in analysis of material characterization, geological samples and cultural heritage objects. In silica material, four O atoms are surrounding one Si atom in tetrahedral coordination. In this study, the influence of Copper (Cu) and Cerium (Ce) dopants to germano silica core optical fibers were investigated under proton irradiation at RBI using Ion Beam induced luminescence (IBIL) method. To understand the radiation induced defect of optical fibers, IBIL were tested to a germano-silica core fiber under 2 MeV proton irradiation. Although a Cu or Ce dopant was not detected by IBIL technique, the relation between the amount of radiation and luminescence can be established. This experiment showed a potential technique of studying the effects and behavior of additive elements for silica core fiber. To increase the radiation resistance of optical fibers, further investigations are needed, i. e. the proper additives and its contents and an interaction mechanism between Ge-related defects and additives.

  8. Comparison of temperature sensing of the luminescent upconversion and ZnCdS nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanina, I. Yu.; Volkova, E. K.; Sagaidachnaya, E. A.; Konyukhova, J. G.; Kochubey, V. I.; Tuchin, V. V.

    2018-02-01

    The luminescence spectra of upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and ZnCdS nanoparticles (ZnCdSNPs) were measured and analyzed in a wide temperature range: from room to human body and further to a hyperthermic temperature resulting in tissue morphology change. The results show that the luminescence signal of UCNPs and ZnCdSNPs placed within the tissue is reasonably good sensitive to temperature change and accompanied by phase transitions of lipid structures of adipose tissue. The most likely that the multiple phase transitions are associated with the different components of fat cells, such as phospholipids of cell membrane and lipids of fat droplets. In the course of fat cell heating, lipids of fat droplet first transit from a crystalline form to a liquid crystal form and then to a liquid form, which is characterized by much less scattering. The results of phase transitions of lipids were observed as the changes in the slope of the temperature dependence of the intensity of luminescence of the film with nanoparticles embedded into tissue. The obtained results confirm a high sensitivity of the luminescent UCNPs and ZnCdSNPs to the temperature variations within thin tissue samples and show a strong potential for the controllable tissue thermolysis.

  9. Synthesis of porous silicon nano-wires and the emission of red luminescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Congli, Sun; Hao, Hu; Huanhuan, Feng; Jingjing, Xu; Yu, Chen; Yong, Jin; Zhifeng, Jiao; Xiaosong, Sun

    2013-01-01

    This very paper is focusing on the characterization of porous silicon nano-wires prepared via a two-step route, the electroless chemical etching and the following post-treatment of HF/HNO 3 solution. Hence, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and confocal fluorescence microscopy are employed for this purpose. From the results of experiments, one can find that the as-prepared silicon nano-wire is of smooth surface and that no visible photo-luminescence emission could be seen. However, the porous structure can be found in the silicon nano-wire treated with HF/HNO 3 solution, and the clear photo-luminescence emission of 630 nm can be recorded with a confocal fluorescence microscope. The transmission electron microscopy test tells that the porous silicon nano-wire is made up of a porous crystalline silicon nano-core and a rough coating of silicon oxide. Besides, based on the post-HF- and -H 2 O 2 - treatments, the emission mechanism of the red luminescence has been discussed and could be attributed to the quantum confinement/luminescence center model which could be simply concluded as that the electron–hole pairs are mainly excited inside the porous silicon nano-core and then tunneling out and recombining at the silicon oxide coating.

  10. Synthesis of porous silicon nano-wires and the emission of red luminescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Congli, Sun [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University (China); Hao, Hu [National Engineering Research Center for Biomaterials, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan (China); Huanhuan, Feng; Jingjing, Xu; Yu, Chen; Yong, Jin; Zhifeng, Jiao [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University (China); Xiaosong, Sun, E-mail: sunxs@scu.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University (China)

    2013-10-01

    This very paper is focusing on the characterization of porous silicon nano-wires prepared via a two-step route, the electroless chemical etching and the following post-treatment of HF/HNO{sub 3} solution. Hence, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and confocal fluorescence microscopy are employed for this purpose. From the results of experiments, one can find that the as-prepared silicon nano-wire is of smooth surface and that no visible photo-luminescence emission could be seen. However, the porous structure can be found in the silicon nano-wire treated with HF/HNO{sub 3} solution, and the clear photo-luminescence emission of 630 nm can be recorded with a confocal fluorescence microscope. The transmission electron microscopy test tells that the porous silicon nano-wire is made up of a porous crystalline silicon nano-core and a rough coating of silicon oxide. Besides, based on the post-HF- and -H{sub 2}O{sub 2}- treatments, the emission mechanism of the red luminescence has been discussed and could be attributed to the quantum confinement/luminescence center model which could be simply concluded as that the electron–hole pairs are mainly excited inside the porous silicon nano-core and then tunneling out and recombining at the silicon oxide coating.

  11. Ion beam induced luminescence of germano-silicate optical fiber preform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jung, Hyunkyu; Kim, Jongyeol; Lee, Namho; Kim, Youngwoong; Han, Wontaek; Markovic, Nikola; Jaksic, Milko

    2014-01-01

    When an optical fiber is exposed to radiation, the attenuation (RIA, Radiation Induced Attenuation) in the optical fiber (OF) is increased because of the color centers which deteriorate the transmission property and generate the absorption loss. In order to understand the radiation induced defect, Ion Beam induced luminescence (IBIL) was introduced to investigate it. IBIL technique is to analyze IR/VIS/UV luminescence related to ion beam interaction with outer shell electrons involved in chemical bonds and structure defects of target atoms. So IBIL is sensitive to its chemical composition and has been used in analysis of material characterization, geological samples and cultural heritage objects. In silica material, four O atoms are surrounding one Si atom in tetrahedral coordination. In this study, the influence of Copper (Cu) and Cerium (Ce) dopants to germano silica core optical fibers were investigated under proton irradiation at RBI using Ion Beam induced luminescence (IBIL) method. To understand the radiation induced defect of optical fibers, IBIL were tested to a germano-silica core fiber under 2 MeV proton irradiation. Although a Cu or Ce dopant was not detected by IBIL technique, the relation between the amount of radiation and luminescence can be established. This experiment showed a potential technique of studying the effects and behavior of additive elements for silica core fiber. To increase the radiation resistance of optical fibers, further investigations are needed, i. e. the proper additives and its contents and an interaction mechanism between Ge-related defects and additives

  12. Continuous Dimensionality Characterization of Image Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Felsberg, Michael; Kalkan, Sinan; Krüger, Norbert

    2009-01-01

    gradient field. By making use of a cone structure and barycentric co-ordinates, we can associate three confidences to the three different ideal cases of intrinsic dimensions corresponding to homogeneous image patches, edge-like structures and junctions. The main novelty of our approach......Intrinsic dimensionality is a concept introduced by statistics and later used in image processing to measure the dimensionality of a data set. In this paper, we introduce a continuous representation of the intrinsic dimension of an image patch in terms of its local spectrum or, equivalently, its...... is the representation of confidences as prior probabilities which can be used within a probabilistic framework. To show the potential of our continuous representation, we highlight applications in various contexts such as image structure classification, feature detection and localisation, visual scene statistics...

  13. Influence of core size on the upconversion luminescence properties of spherical Gd2O3:Yb3+/Er3+@SiO2 particles with core-shell structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng, Kezhi; Liu, Zhenyu; Liu, Ye; Song, Weiye; Qin, Weiping

    2013-01-01

    Spherical SiO 2 particles with different sizes (30, 80, 120, and 180 nm) have been coated with Gd 2 O 3 :Yb 3+ /Er 3+ layers by a heterogeneous precipitation method, leading to the formation of core-shell structural Gd 2 O 3 :Yb 3+ /Er 3+ @SiO 2 particles. The samples were characterized by using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, upconversion (UC) emission spectra, and fluorescent dynamical analysis. The obtained core-shell particles have perfect spherical shape with narrow size distribution. Under the excitation of 980 nm diode laser, the core-shell samples showed size-dependent upconversion luminescence (UCL) properties. The inner SiO 2 cores in core-shell samples were proved to have limited effect on the total UCL intensities of Er 3+ ions. The UCL intensities of core-shell particles were demonstrated much higher than the values obtained in pure Gd 2 O 3 :Yb 3+ /Er 3+ with the same phosphor volume. The dependence of the specific area of a UCL shell on the size of its inner SiO 2 particle was calculated and analyzed for the first time. It was confirmed that the surface effect came from the outer surfaces of emitting shells is dominant in influencing the UCL property in the core-shell samples. Three-photon UC processes for the green emissions were observed in the samples with small sizes of SiO 2 cores. The results of dynamical analysis illustrated that more nonradiative relaxation occurred in the core-shell samples with smaller SiO 2 core sizes

  14. Synthesis, structural and surface morphological characterizations of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sulfated zirconia (SZ) nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully synthesized and deposited via chemical route called sol-gel technique. The structural, morphological, and optical properties the samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDX), Scanning Electron Microscopy ...

  15. Synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Mo atom in the complex is in octahedral coordination. Thermal stability of the complex has also been studied. KEY WORDS: Molybdenum complex, Hydrazone ligand, Crystal structure, X-ray diffraction, Thermal property. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2014, 28(3), 409-414. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v28i3.10 ...

  16. Structural and ethnobotanical characterization of velvet tamarind ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The velvet tamarind (Dialium guineense Willd) is one of the key species for domestication in Sub-Saharan Africa. In order to help the sustainable management and conservation of this species, its structural characteristics and ethnobotanical traits were studied in the 4 vegetation types (typical dense forest, degraded dense ...

  17. Cleavage Luminescence from Cleaved Indium Phosphide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dong-Guang, Li

    2008-01-01

    We outline the experiments performed to gain further information about the structure and properties of cleaved InP surfaces. The experiments involved detecting the luminescence produced after cleaving thin InP plates within a high vacuum, by a process of converting the luminescence to an electrical signal which could be amplified and measured accurately. The experimental results show that the detected luminescence durations from cleaved InP are usually only about 10μs. It is believed that this time represents the time of travel of the crack with the actual recombination time being much shorter. Strong signals could also be picked up from cleaved InP in air

  18. Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and luminescence of Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Li; Wan, Yingpeng; Li, Yuze; Pu, Yinfu; Huang, Yanlin, E-mail: huang@suda.edu.cn [Soochow University, State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Novel Functional Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science (China); Chen, Cuili; Seo, Hyo Jin, E-mail: hjseo@pknu.ac.kr [Pukyong National University, Department of Physics and Interdisciplinary Program of Biomedical Engineering (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-04-15

    Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers were synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction method. The structural refinement was conducted on the base of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements. The surface properties of the Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers were investigated by the measurements such as the scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the energy dispersive spectrum (EDS). The nanofiber has a diameter of about 100 nm and a length of several micrometers. The luminescence properties such as photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission spectra (PL), decay lifetime, color coordinates, and the absolute internal quantum efficiency (QE) were reported. Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:Eu{sup 3+} nanofibers show the red luminescence with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.41, y = 0.51) and the luminescence lifetime of 0.63 ms. The luminescence of Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:Tb{sup 3+} nanofibers is green color (x = 0.29, y = 0.53) with the lifetime of 2.13 ms. However, Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers present a single-phase white-color phosphor with the fluorescence decay of 3.05 ms. Upon near-UV excitation, the absolute quantum efficiency is measured to be 65, 35, and 37 % for Eu{sup 3+}-, Tb{sup 3+}-, Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanofibers, respectively. It is suggested that Ca{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}:RE (RE = Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanofibers could be an efficient phosphor for lighting and display.

  19. Dimensional characterization of biperiodic imprinted structures using optical scatterometry

    KAUST Repository

    Gereige, Issam; Pietroy, David; Eid, Jessica; Gourgon, Cé cile

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we report on the characterization of biperiodic imprinted structures using a non-destructive optical technique commonly called scatterometry. The nanostructures consist of periodic arrays of square and circular dots which were

  20. Structural characterization of vegetation in the fynbos biome

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Campbell, BM

    1981-08-01

    Full Text Available A proposed system for the standardization of descriptive terminology for structural characterization of vegetation in the Fynbos Biome is presented in tabular form. Specific applications of the system are described and illustrations of some...

  1. Combustion synthesis and structural characterization of Li–Ti mixed

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Combustion synthesis and structural characterization of Li–Ti mixed nanoferrites ... were prepared by combustion method at lower temperatures compared to the ... first time at low temperatures, using PEG which acts as a new fuel and oxidant.

  2. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Luminescent Property of A Novel Cd(II) Coordination Polymer with Bis-imidazole Ligand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou, Yong Hong

    2013-01-01

    The key to the successful design of metal-organic coordination polymers is the judicious selection of organic ligand. Recently, polydentate aromatic nitrogen heterocyclic ligands with five-membered rings have been well-studied in the construction of supramolecular structure for their N-coordinated sites apt to coordinating to transition metals. Similar to six-membered N-heterocyclic ligands, the azole-based five-membered N-heterocyclic ligands, such as imidazoles, triazoles and tetrazoles have been extensively employed in the construction of various coordination polymers with diverse topologies and interesting properties. The bis(azole) ligands in which N-donor azole rings (imidazole, triazole, or tetrazole) are separated by alkyl, (CH 2 ) n , spacers are good choices for flexible bridging ligands. The conformational flexibility of the spacers makes the ligands adaptable to various coordination networks with one-, two-, and three dimensional structures

  3. Ru(II)-polypyridyl surface functionalised gold nanoparticles as DNA targeting supramolecular structures and luminescent cellular imaging agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Calvo, Miguel; Orange, Kim N; Elmes, Robert B P; la Cour Poulsen, Bjørn; Williams, D Clive; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2016-01-07

    The development of Ru(II) functionalized gold nanoparticles 1–3·AuNP is described. These systems were found to be mono-disperse with a hydrodynamic radius of ca. 15 nm in water but gave rise to the formation of higher order structures in buffered solution. The interaction of 1–3·AuNP with DNA was also studied by spectroscopic and microscopic methods and suggested the formation of large self-assembly structures in solution. The uptake of 1–3·AuNP by cancer cells was studied using both confocal fluorescence as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM), with the aim of investigating their potential as tools for cellular biology. These systems displaying a non-toxic profile with favourable photophysical properties may have application across various biological fields including diagnostics and therapeutics.

  4. Structural characterization of some substituted azolidine molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andreocci, M.V.; Bossa, M.; Furlani, C.; Mattogno, G.; Zanoni, R.; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome; Devillanova, F.A.; Verani, G.

    1981-01-01

    The electronic structure of a series of organic molecules of general formula RN - (CH 2 ) 2 - X - C = Y, which are also of interest in inorganic chemistry because of their properties as ligands towards metals, have been investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results suggest a general picture of atomic charge distribution within the investigated molecules, and allow an assessment of the effect of the different substituent groups X, Y, R (X = NR', O, S, CH 2 ; Y = O, S, Se; R, R' = H, alkyl) on the electronic structure of the ligands. Satisfactory correlation is found between experimental binding energies and computed CNDO/2 atomic charges, after correction for intramolecular Madelung potentials. (orig.)

  5. Characterization of Creases in Polymers for Adaptive Origami Structures (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    in space. Shape change is seen in origami when a flat sheet of paper is folded into a complex geometry or model. Origami is not limited to artistic...AFRL-RX-WP-JA-2015-0036 CHARACTERIZATION OF CREASES IN POLYMERS FOR ADAPTIVE ORIGAMI STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) Philip R. Buskohl UES, Inc. Richard...From – To) 08 June 2011 – 08 September 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE CHARACTERIZATION OF CREASES IN POLYMERS FOR ADAPTIVE ORIGAMI STRUCTURES

  6. Persistent luminescence, TL and OSL characterization of beta irradiated SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ combustion synthesized phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zúñiga-Rivera, N.J.; García, R.; Rodríguez-Mijangos, R.; Chernov, V.; Meléndrez, R.; Pedroza-Montero, M.; Barboza-Flores, M.

    2014-01-01

    The persistent luminescence (PLUM), thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of strontium aluminates co-doped with Eu +2 and Dy +3 exposed to beta radiation is reported. The phosphor was synthesized by the combustion synthesis method employing a highly exothermic redox reaction between the metal nitrates [Al(NO 3 ) 3 , Sr(NO 3 ) 2 , Eu(NO 3 ) 3 and Dy(NO 3 ) 3 ] and organic fuel carbohydrazide (CH 6 N 4 O). The long decay PLUM emission, TL and OSL were measured as a function of beta radiation dose. A wide emission band centered at 510 nm (green) related to Eu 2+ ions and lattice defects were observed for the synthesized samples. The presence of a variety of defects and aggregates were responsible for the observed broad 100 °C peaked TL glow curve of the irradiated sample which is composed of several overlapped TL peaks. The existence of multiple trapping levels, with different trapping/detrapping probabilities, is behind the particular features for the PLUM, TL and OSL emissions. We conclude that in the SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors, the low temperature TL peaked around 30–75 °C is responsible for the PLUM emission and those around 100 °C were related to very stable trapping states which provide suitable radiation storage properties to be used as a PLUM/TL/OSL radiation phosphor

  7. Determination of uranium by luminescent method (tablet variant)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sergeev, A.N.; Yufa, B.Ya.

    1985-01-01

    A new tablet variant of luminescent determination of uranium in rocks is developed. The analytical process includes the following operations: sample decomposition, uranium separation from luminescence quencher impurities, preparation of luminescent sample (tablet), photometry of the tablet. The method has two variants developed: the first one is characterized by a more hard decomposition, sample mass being 0.2 g; the second variant has a better detection limit (5x10 -6 %), the sample mass being 0.2-1 g. Procedures of the sample preparation for both variants of analysis are described

  8. Luminescent properties of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}: Tb powders; Propiedades luminiscentes de polvos de Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}: Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esparza G, A.E.; Garcia, M.; Falcony, C.; Azorin N, J. [CICATA-IPN, Legaria 694, Col. Irrigacion, 11500 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    In this work the photo luminescent and cathode luminescent characteristics of aluminium oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) powders impurified with terbium (Tb) were studied for their use in dosimetry. The optical, structural, morphological characteristics of the powders as function of variation in the impurity concentration and the annealing temperature will be presented. As regards the optical properties of powders (photoluminescence and cathode luminescence) it was observed a characteristic emission associated with radiative transitions between electron energy levels of terbium, the spectra associated with this emission consists of several peaks associated with such transitions. In the structural and morphological characterization (X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy) it was appreciated that in accordance the annealing temperature of powders is augmented it is evident the apparition of certain crystalline phases. The results show that this is a promissory material for radiation dosimetry. (Author)

  9. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy investigation of CaTiO3:Eu for luminescence property: effect of Eu3+ ion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Kaichen; Zhao, Baijun; Gao, Lu

    2016-01-01

    Graphical abstract: The influence on the photoluminescent performance due to the electronic structure change in Eu-doped CaTiO 3 of the specific core-level and valence band spectrum via X-ray photoemission spectroscopy were characterized. - Highlights: • Single phase CaTiO 3 and CaTiO 3 : Eu crystals were prepared under mild hydrothermal method. • Crystal structure, doping level and the relations to their luminescent property were discussed. • Charge compensation mechanism was discussed via valance band spectrum by XPS. - Abstract: Charge compensation of on-site Eu 4f–5d transition that determines the luminescent performance was confirmed with valance band spectrum. Influence of photoelectrons from CaTiO 3 : Eu to the corresponding luminescent performance was discussed based on the crystal structure, doping level and the relations to their luminescent property. This paper is important to further optimize the luminescent performance for improving the efficiency and reducing the cost in light emitting diode industry.

  10. Polyol-synthesized Zn{sub 0.9}Mn{sub 0.1}S nanoparticles as potential luminescent and magnetic bimodal imaging probes: synthesis, characterization, and toxicity study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaceur, M.; Giraud, M., E-mail: marion.giraud@univ-paris-diderot.fr; Hemadi, M.; Nowak, S. [ITODYS, Universite Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite (France); Menguy, N. [IMPMC, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (France); Quisefit, J. P. [LISA, Universite Paris Diderot, Universite Paris Est Creteil (France); David, K. [Universite de Cergy-Pontoise, ERRMECe EA1391, Institut des Materiaux (France); Jahanbin, T.; Benderbous, S. [INSERM U-825, Pavillon Baudot (France); Boissiere, M. [Universite de Cergy-Pontoise, ERRMECe EA1391, Institut des Materiaux (France); Ammar, S., E-mail: ammarmer@univ-paris-diderot.fr [ITODYS, Universite Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite (France)

    2012-07-15

    We report here the synthesis, by the polyol method, of Mn-doped ZnS nanocrystals with the zinc blende structure. Phase transfer of the as-produced quantum dots from organic solvent into water was achieved by surface complexation with mercaptoacetate ligands. The magnetic and optical properties of the powders and aqueous colloids obtained were evaluated by SQUID magnetometry as well as electronic absorption and emission spectroscopies, to test their potential as magnetic and luminescent bimodal probes for medical imaging. With a 10 % concentration of Mn{sup 2+}, the nanoparticles are paramagnetic at body temperature, and the aqueous colloids they form have high relaxivity with a r{sub 1} value of 20 mM{sup -1} s{sup -1} at 3 T. They are highly luminescent with a blue-green emission on 405-nm excitation. Viability assays and genotoxicity tests on Chinese hamster ovarian cells revealed neither acute cellular death, nor cell toxicity, nor damage to the nucleus after exposure for 24 h to particle doses of up to 100 {mu}g mL{sup -1}.

  11. Structure and luminescence of α and β ThBr4: optical properties of U4+ in α ThBr4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simoni, E.

    1988-05-01

    The aim of this work is to understand the comparative structural and intrinsic luminescence properties of the pure matrices α and β - ThBr 4 , and to study the electronic structure by optical spectroscopy of the U 4+ ion in the α-ThBr 4 matrix. 1)Under U.V. excitation, βThBr 4 is intensively fluorescent in the blue-purple and α-ThBr 4 is fluorescent in the red. The main results concerning β-ThBr 4 are the following: -the optical absorption in the U.V. is under the form of a sudden absorption front and for a same temperature, its threshold energy has the same value as the threshold energy of the excitation function and of the photocurrent peak; -the intensity and the life time of the emission decrease when the temperature increases from 300 K until 400 K ( extinction temperature). All the obtained results have been explained either with the molecular orbitals levels of the ThBr 8 4- cluster or with the valence and conduction bands of the pure matrix. 2)The absorption and emission spectra of U 4+ in α-ThBr 4 (in which U 4+ has a point symmetry S 4 ) obtained between 300 K and 4.2 K have allowed to index 30 levels. The calculation of the spectroscopic parameters F k , ξ and B k q has been carried out in symmetry D 2d and S 4 . The comparison of these parameters with those calculated for U 4+ in β-ThBr 4 and β-ThCl 4 show that the global force of the crystalline field is practically the same in the three matrices, but that the structure transformation β→α occurs more on the values of these B k q than on the change of the ligands Br - →Cl - . On the other hand, it has been possible with the α-ThBr 4 matrix, or the β-ThBr 4 and the β-ThCl 4 , to observe the fluorescence spectra of the U 4+ ion (particularly weak phonons energies). (O.M.)

  12. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Luminescence, Electrochemical and Antimicrobial Properties of Bis(salamo-Based Co(II Complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Wang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A newly designed Co(II complex, [Co3(L(OAc2(CH3OH2]·CH3OH, by the reaction of a bis(salamo-type tetraoxime ligand (H4L with Co(II acetate tetrahydrate was synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis spectra and single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The UV-vis titration experiment manifested that a trinuclear (L:M = 1:3 complex was formed. It is worth noting that the two terminal Co(II (Co1 and Co3 atoms of the Co(II complex have different coordination modes and geometries unreported earlier. Furthermore, through intermolecular interactions (C–H···O, C–H···π and O–H···O, a 2D layer-like network is constructed. In addition, the fluorescence behaviors, antimicrobial activities and electrochemical properties of H4L and its Co(II complex were investigated.

  13. Synthesis, Structures and Luminescence Properties of Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on Lithium-Lanthanide and Terephthalate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed S. M. Abdelbaky

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Metal-organic frameworks assembled from Ln(III, Li(I and rigid dicarboxylate ligand, formulated as [LiLn(BDC2(H2O·2(H2O] (MS1-6,7a and [LiTb(BDC2] (MS7b (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb, Y0.96Eu0.04, Y0.93Tb0.07, and H2BDC = terephthalic acid, were obtained under hydrothermal conditions. The isostructural MS1-6 crystallize in monoclinic P21/c space group. While, in the case of Tb3+ a mixture of at least two phases was obtained, the former one (MS7a and a new monoclinic C2/c phase (MS7b. All compounds have been studied by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, thermal analyses (TGA, vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX. The structures of MS1-6 and MS7a are built up of inorganic-organic hybrid chains. These chains constructed from unusual four-membered rings, are formed by edge- and vertex-shared {LnO8} and {LiO4} polyhedra through oxygen atoms O3 (vertex and O6-O7 (edge. Each chain is cross-linked to six neighboring chains through six terephthalate bridges. While, the structure of MS7b is constructed from double inorganic chains, and each chain is, in turn, related symmetrically to the adjacent one through the c glide plane. These chains are formed by infinitely alternating {LiO4} and {TbO8} polyhedra through (O2-O3 edges to create Tb–O–Li connectivity along the c-axis. Both MS1-6,7a and MS7b structures possess a 3D framework with 1D trigonal channels running along the a and c axes, containing water molecules and anhydrous, respectively. Topological studies revealed that MS1-6 and MS7a have a new 2-nodal 3,10-c net, while MS7b generates a 3D net with unusual β-Sn topology. The photoluminescence properties Eu- and Tb-doped compounds (MS5-6 are also investigated, exhibiting strong red and green light emissions, respectively, which are attributed to the efficient energy transfer process from the BDC ligand to Eu3+ and Tb3+.

  14. Luminescent chiral ionic Ir(III) complexes: Synthesis and photophysical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricciardi, Loredana, E-mail: loredana.ricciardi@unical.it [CNR NANOTEC-Istituto di Nanotecnologia U.O.S. Cosenza, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende (CS) (Italy); La Deda, Massimo; Ionescu, Andreea; Godbert, Nicolas; Aiello, Iolinda; Ghedini, Mauro [MAT-INLAB (Laboratorio di Materiali Molecolari Inorganici), LASCAMM and CR INSTM, Unità INSTM della Calabria, Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie Chimiche, Università della Calabria, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende (CS) (Italy); Fusè, Marco, E-mail: marco.fuse@unimi.it [Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università di Milano, Via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano (Italy); Rimoldi, Isabella; Cesarotti, Edoardo [Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università di Milano, Via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano (Italy)

    2016-02-15

    Three homologous series of luminescent octahedral ionic Ir(III) complexes (1–12) with a dual stereogenic center of general formula {sup Δ,Λ} {sup (R,S)}[(ppy){sub 2}Ir(R-campy)]X, where ppy=2-phenylpyridine, R-campy=2-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinolin-8-amine (Me-campy) or 8-amino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinolines (H-campy) and as counterions X{sup −}=Cl{sup −} or CH{sub 3}COO{sup −} have been synthesized and characterized. The NMR characterization of each complex highlighted the diastereoisomeric purity and the absolute configuration has been confirmed by Electronic Circular Dichroism spectroscopy. The absorption and the luminescence properties of the compounds in solution and in solid state have been investigated by UV–vis, steady-state emission and time-correlated single-photon counting spectroscopy. The obtained results from the 12 compounds highlight the difficult to correlate photophysical properties in solution to the stereochemistry, while excited states decay studies of the solid state samples indicate a correlation between photophysics and packing mode which is affected by the different stereochemistry. - Highlights: • Luminescent chiral ionic Ir(III) complexes have been synthesized and characterized. • Presence in the same structure of two stereogenic centers. • Use of camphorsulfonate as resolving anion to obtain enantiomerically pure samples. • Stereoisomers produce aggregates with different emitting properties. • Lifetimes from solid samples show the presence of AIPE.

  15. Hydrothermal synthesis of Gd2O3:Eu3+ nanophosphors: Effect of surfactant on structural and luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dhananjaya, N.; Nagabhushana, H.; Sharma, S.C.; Rudraswamy, B.; Shivakumara, C.; Nagabhushana, B.M.

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Gd(OH) 3 :Eu 3+ , GdOOH:Eu 3+ and Gd 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ phases were prepared by hydrothermal method. • Phosphors were well characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, Raman, UV–Vis, FT-IR. • Cubic Gd 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ show intense red emission, which was highly useful for photonics application. • HDA surfactant plays an important role in conversion of cubic to hexagonal phases. -- Abstract: Various morphologies of Eu 3+ activated gadolinium oxide have been prepared by hydrothermal method using hexadecylamine (HDA) as surfactant at different experimental conditions. The powder X-ray diffraction studies reveal as-formed product is hexagonal Gd(OH) 3 :Eu 3+ phase and subsequent heat treatment at 350 and 600 °C transforms to monoclinic GdOOH:Eu 3+ and cubic Gd 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ phases respectively. SEM pictures of without surfactant show irregular shaped rods along with flakes. However, in the presence of HDA surfactant, the particles are converted into rods of various sizes. The temperature dependent morphological evolution of Gd 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ without and with HDA surfactant is studied. TEM micrographs of Gd(OH) 3 :Eu 3+ sample with HDA confirms smooth nanorods with various diameters in the range 20–100 nm. FTIR studies reveal that HDA surfactant plays an important role in conversion of cubic to hexagonal phases. Among these three phases, cubic phase Gd 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ (λ ex = 254 nm) show red emission at 612 nm corresponding to 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 and is more efficient host than the monoclinic counterpart. The band gap for hexagonal Gd(OH) 3 :Eu 3+ is more when compared to monoclinic GdOOH:Eu 3+ and cubic Gd 2 O 3 :Eu 3+

  16. Preparation, structural and luminescent properties of nanocrystalline ZnO films doped Ag by close space sublimation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khomchenko, Viktoriya; Mazin, Mikhail; Sopinskyy, Mykola; Lytvyn, Oksana; Dan'ko, Viktor; Piryatinskii, Yurii; Demydiuk, Pavlo

    2018-05-01

    The simple way for silver doping of ZnO films is presented. The ZnO films were prepared by reactive rf-magnetron sputtering on silicon and sapphire substrates. Ag doping is carried out by sublimation of the Ag source located at close space at atmospheric pressure in air. Then the ZnO and ZnO-Ag films were annealed in wet media. The microstructure and optical properties of the films were compared and studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL). XRD results indicated that all the ZnO films have a polycrystalline hexagonal structure and a preferred orientation with the c-axis perpendicular to the substrate. The annealing and Ag doping promote increasing grain's sizes and modification of grain size distribution. The effect of substrate temperature, substrate type, Ag doping and post-growth annealing of the films was studied by PL spectroscopy. The effect of Ag doping was obvious and identical for all the films, namely the wide visible bands of PL spectra are suppressed by Ag doping. The intensity of ultraviolet band increased 15 times as compared to their reference films on sapphire substrate. The ultraviolet/visible emission ratio was 20. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) for a 380 nm band was 14 nm, which is comparable with that of epitaxial ZnO. The data implies the high quality of ZnO-Ag films. Possible mechanisms to enhance UV emission are discussed.

  17. Structural and Geophysical Characterization of Oklahoma Basement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, C.; Johnston, C. S.; Carpenter, B. M.; Reches, Z.

    2017-12-01

    Oklahoma has experienced a large increase in seismicity since 2009 that has been attributed to wastewater injection. Most earthquakes, including four M5+ earthquakes, nucleated at depths > 4 km, well within the pre-Cambrian crystalline basement, even though wastewater injection occurred almost exclusively in the sedimentary sequence above. To better understand the structural characteristics of the rhyolite and granite that makeup the midcontinent basement, we analyzed a 150 m long core recovered from a basement borehole (Shads 4) in Rogers County, NE Oklahoma. The analysis of the fracture network in the rhyolite core included measurements of fracture inclination, aperture, and density, the examination fracture surface features and fill minerology, as well as x-ray diffraction analysis of secondary mineralization. We also analyzed the highly fractured and faulted segments of the core with a portable gamma-ray detector, magnetometer, and rebound hammer. The preliminary analysis of the fractures within the rhyolite core showed: (1) Fracture density increasing with depth by a factor of 10, from 4 fractures/10m in the upper core segment to 40 fracture/10m at 150 m deeper. (2) The fractures are primarily sub-vertical, inclined 10-20° from the axis of the vertical core. (3) The secondary mineralization is dominated by calcite and epidote. (4) Fracture aperture ranges from 0.35 to 2.35mm based on the thickness of secondary filling. (5) About 8% of the examined fractures display slickenside striations. (6) Increases of elasticity (by rebound hammer) and gamma-ray emissions are systematically correlated with a decrease in magnetic susceptibility in core segments of high fracture density and/or faulting; this observation suggests diagenetic fracture re-mineralization.

  18. Geophysical characterization of the Chicxulub impact structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulick, S. P.; Christeson, G. L.; Barton, P. J.; Grieve, R. A.; Morgan, J. V.; Fucugauchi, J. U.

    2013-05-01

    The Chicxulub impact structure, conclusively linked to the 65.5 Ma mass extinction, includes three sets of inward dipping, ring faults, between 70 and 130 km radially with a topographically elevated inner rim, at the inner edge of these faults except in the northeast where such a rim is absent. Slump blocks offset by large faults result in a terrace zone, that steps down from the inner rim into the annular trough. The inner blocks underlie the peak ring --an internal topographic ring of topography that exhibits variable relief due to target asymmetries and bounds the coherent melt sheet within the central basin. Impact breccias lie within the annular trough above the slump blocks and proximal ejecta and within the central basin above the melt sheet. Beneath the melt sheet is the top of the central uplift, displaced by >10 km vertically, and an upwarped Moho, displaced by 1-2 km. These interpretations and hydrocode models support the following working hypothesis for the formation of Chicxulub: a 50 km radius transient cavity, lined with melt and impact breccia, formed within 10s of seconds of the 65.5 Ma impact and within minutes, weakened rebounding crust rose above kilometers above the surface, the transient crater rim underwent localized, brittle deformation and collapsed into large slump blocks resulting in a inner rim being preserved 70-85 km from crater center, and ring faults forming farther outwards. The overheightened central uplift of weakened crust collapsed outwards forming the peak ring, and buried the inner slump blocks. Most impact melt that lined the transient cavity was transported on top of the central uplift, ultimately emplaced as a coherent <3-km thick melt sheet that shallows within the inner regions of the peak ring. Smaller pockets of melt flowed into the annular trough. During and likely for sometime after these events, slope collapse, proximal ejecta, ground surge, and tsunami waves infilled the annular trough with sediments up to 3 km

  19. Modal analysis application for dynamic characterization of simple structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pastorini, A.J.; Belinco, C.G.

    1987-01-01

    The knowledge of the dynamic characteristics of a structure helps to foresee the vibrating behaviour under operating conditions. The modal analysis techniques offer a method to perform the dynamic characterization of a studied structure from the vibration modes of such structure. A hammer provided with a loaded cell to excite a wide frequency band and accelerometer and, on the basis of a measurement of the transfer function at different points, various simple structures were given with a dynamic structures analysis (of the type of Fourier's rapidly transformation) and the results were compared with those obtained by other methods. Different fields where these techniques are applied, are also enumerated. (Author)

  20. Carbon nano structures: Production and characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beig Agha, Rosa

    L'objectif de ce memoire est de preparer et de caracteriser des nanostructures de carbone (CNS -- Carbon Nanostructures, en licence a l'Institut de recherche sur l'hydrogene, Quebec, Canada), un carbone avec un plus grand degre de graphitisation et une meilleure porosite. Le Chapitre 1 est une description generale des PEMFCs (PEMFC -- Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell) et plus particulierement des CNS comme support de catalyseurs, leur synthese et purification. Le Chapitre 2 decrit plus en details la methode de synthese et la purification des CNS, la theorie de formation des nanostructures et les differentes techniques de caracterisation que nous avons utilises telles que la diffraction aux rayons-X (XRD -- X-ray diffraction), la microscopie electronique a transmission (TEM -- transmission electron microscope ), la spectroscopie Raman, les isothermes d'adsorption d'azote a 77 K (analyse BET, t-plot, DFT), l'intrusion au mercure, et l'analyse thermogravimetrique (TGA -- thermogravimetric analysis). Le Chapitre 3 presente les resultats obtenus a chaque etape de la synthese des CNS et avec des echantillons produits a l'aide d'un broyeur de type SPEXRTM (SPEX/CertiPrep 8000D) et d'un broyeur de type planetaire (Fritsch Pulverisette 5). La difference essentielle entre ces deux types de broyeur est la facon avec laquelle les materiaux sont broyes. Le broyeur de type SPEX secoue le creuset contenant les materiaux et des billes d'acier selon 3 axes produisant ainsi des impacts de tres grande energie. Le broyeur planetaire quant a lui fait tourner et deplace le creuset contenant les materiaux et des billes d'acier selon 2 axes (plan). Les materiaux sont donc broyes differemment et l'objectif est de voir si les CNS produits ont les memes structures et proprietes. Lors de nos travaux nous avons ete confrontes a un probleme majeur. Nous n'arrivions pas a reproduire les CNS dont la methode de synthese a originellement ete developpee dans les laboratoires de l'Institut de

  1. Synthesis and luminescence properties of erbium silicate thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miritello, Maria; Lo Savio, Roberto; Iacona, Fabio; Franzo, Giorgia; Bongiorno, Corrado; Priolo, Francesco

    2008-01-01

    We have studied the structure and the room temperature luminescence of erbium silicate thin films deposited by rf magnetron sputtering. Films deposited on silicon oxide layers are characterized by good structural properties and excellent stability. The optical properties of these films are strongly improved by rapid thermal annealing processes performed in the range of temperature 800-1250 deg. C. In fact through the reduction of the defect density of the material, a very efficient room temperature photoluminescence at 1535 nm is obtained. We have also investigated the influence of the annealing ambient, by finding that treatments in O 2 atmosphere are significantly more efficient in improving the optical properties of the material with respect to processes in N 2 . Upconversion effects become effective only when erbium silicate is excited with high pump powers. The evidence that all Er atoms (about 10 22 cm -3 ) in erbium silicate films are optically active suggests interesting perspectives for optoelectronic applications of this material

  2. Luminescence study of spodumene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Isotani, S.; Fujii, A.T.; Antonini, R.; Pontuschka, W.M.; Rabani, S.R.; Furtado, W.W.

    1990-02-01

    A comparative study is made of the luminescence of five kinds of spodumene from Minas Gerais, Brazil, studied previously by optical absorption spectroscopy. Natural gemstones are used which, in the course of the experiments, were irradiated with X-rays. (L.C.) [pt

  3. Silicon: electrochemistry and luminescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, Ernst Stefan

    1997-01-01

    The electrochemistry of crystalline and porous silicon and the luminescence from porous silicon has been studied. One chapter deals with a model for the anodic dissolution of silicon in HF solution. In following chapters both the electrochemistry and various ways of generating visible

  4. Splitting of the luminescent excited state of the uranyl ion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flint, C.D.; Sharma, P.; Tanner, P.A.

    1982-01-01

    The luminescence spectra of some uranyl compounds has been studied. It has been proposed that the splitting of the luminescent excited state of the uranyl ion is due to a descent in symmetry experienced by the uranyl ion when it is placed in a crystal field. In recent years there has been developed a highly successful model of the electronic structure of the uranyl ion. In this paper the authors use this model to interpret the luminescence spectra of a variety of uranyl compounds

  5. Five new Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers constructed by 3,5-bis-oxyacetate-benzoic acid: Syntheses, crystal structures, network topologies and luminescent properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang Xianrong; Yuan Hongyan [Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Reactive Chemistry on Solid Surfaces, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004 (China); Feng Yunlong, E-mail: sky37@zjnu.edu.cn [Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Reactive Chemistry on Solid Surfaces, Institute of Physical Chemistry, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004 (China)

    2012-07-15

    Five Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers, [Zn{sub 2}(BOABA)(bpp)(OH)]{center_dot}0.5H{sub 2}O (1), [Cd{sub 3}(BOABA){sub 2}(bpp){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O (2), [Cd{sub 3}(BOABA){sub 2}(2,2 Prime -bipy){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{center_dot}5.5H{sub 2}O (3), [CdNa(BOABA)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub 2}{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (4) and [Cd{sub 2}(BOABA)(bimb)Cl(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (5) (H{sub 3}BOABA=3,5-bis-oxyacetate-benzoic acid, bpp=1,3-bi(4-pyridyl)propane, 2,2 Prime -bipy=2,2 Prime -bipyridine, bimb=1,4-bis(imidazol-1 Prime -yl)butane), have been solvothermally synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analyses, IR spectra and TG analyses. 1 is an uninodal 4-connected 2D square grid network based on binuclear zinc clusters. 2 is 2D wavelike layer structure and further linked by hydrogen bonds into the final 3D (5,6,6)-connected topology network. 3 is 3-connected 2D topology network and the 2,2 Prime -bipy ligands decorate in two different types. 4 is a (4,8)-connected 2D topology network with heterocaryotic {l_brace}Cd{sub 2}Na{sub 2}{r_brace} clusters and BOABA{sup 3-} ligands. 5 can be rationalized as a (3,10)-connected 3D topology network with tetranuclear {l_brace}Cd{sub 4}Cl{sub 2}{r_brace} clusters and BOABA{sup 3-} ligands. Meanwhile, photoluminescence studies revealed that these five coordination polymers display strong fluorescent emission bands in the solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Five new d{sup 10} metal(II) coordination polymers based on H{sub 3}BOABA ligand were obtained and characterized. They display different topological structures and luminescent properties. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Five d{sup 10} metal(II) polymers based on 3,5-bis-oxyacetate-benzoic acid were obtained. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The polymers were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Polymers 1-5 display different

  6. Structural and light up-conversion luminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}-Yb{sup 3+}-W{sup 6+} substituted Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bokolia, Renuka, E-mail: renuka1274@gmail.com; Chauhan, Lalita; Sreenivas, K. [Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 (India); Rai, Vineet K. [Laser & Spectroscopy Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad 826 004, Jharkhand (India)

    2016-05-23

    The structural and light up-conversion (UC) luminescence properties of W{sup 6+} substituted Bi{sub 3.79}Er{sub 0.03}Yb{sub 0.18}Ti{sub 3-x}W{sub x}O{sub 12} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.10) ceramics prepared by solid state reaction method have been investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirms the formation of single phase material with orthorhombic structure. A decrease in the lattice parameters and unit cell volume is observed with increasing W content. Strong UC luminescence at 527, 548 and 662 nm is seen under an excitation of 980 nm for an optimum W content (x = 0.06) and is attributed to the transitions {sup 2}H{sub 11/2} →{sup 4}I{sub 15/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2} →{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} →{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} respectively. The improved UC luminescence is ascribed to the reduced defects such as oxygen vacancies and change in the crystal field around Er{sup 3+} ions due to B-site (Ti{sup 4+}) substitution with W{sup 6+} ions. Enhanced UC emission is observed for an optimum content of w{sup 6+} in the prepared composition Bi{sub 3.79}Er{sub 0.03}Yb{sub 0.18}Ti{sub 3-x}W{sub x}O{sub 12} for x = 0.06.

  7. Structural and luminescence properties of europium(III)-doped zirconium carbonates and silica-supported Eu3+-doped zirconium carbonate nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sivestrini, S.; Riello, P.; Freris, I.; Cristofori, D.; Enrichi, F.; Benedetti, A.

    2010-01-01

    The synthesis, morphology and luminescence properties of europium(III)-doped zirconium carbonates prepared as bulk materials and as silica-supported nanoparticles with differing calcination treatments are reported. Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses have, respectively, been used to study the morphology and to quantify the atomic amount of europium present in the optically active phases of the variously prepared nanomaterials. Rietveld analysis was used to quantify the constituting phases and to determinate the europium content. Silica particles with an approximate size of 30 nm were coated with 2 nm carbonate nanoparticles, prepared in situ on the surface of the silica core. Luminescence measurements revealed the role of different preparation methods and of europium-doping quantities on the optical properties observed.

  8. Luminescence and the light emitting diode the basics and technology of leds and the luminescence properties of the materials

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, E W; Pamplin, BR

    2013-01-01

    Luminescence and the Light Emitting Diode: The Basics and Technology of LEDS and the Luminescence Properties of the Materials focuses on the basic physics and technology of light emitting diodes (LEDS) and pn junction lasers as well as their luminescence properties. Optical processes in semiconductors and the useful devices which can be made are discussed. Comprised of 10 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to the crystal structure and growth, as well as the optical and electrical properties of LED materials. The detailed fabrication of the LED is then considered, along with the lu

  9. Ab initio calculations of cross luminescence materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kanchana, V.

    2016-01-01

    Abintio calculations have been performed to study the structural, electronic, and optical properties of ABX 3 (A=alkali, B=alkaline-earth, and X=halide) compounds. The ground state properties are calculated using the pseudopotential method with the inclusion of van der Waals interaction, which we find inevitable in reproducing the experimental structure properties in alkali iodides because of its layered structure. All calculations were performed using the Full-Potential Linearized Augmented Plane Wave method. The band structures are plotted with various functionals and we find the newly developed Tran and Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential to improve the band gap significantly. The optical properties such as complex dielectric function, refractive index, and absorption spectra are calculated which clearly reveal the optically isotropic nature of these materials though being structurally anisotropic, which is the key requirement for ceramic scintillators. Cross luminescence materials are very interesting because of its fast decay. One of the major criteria for the cross luminescence to happen is the energy difference between valence band and next deeper core valence band being lesser when compared to energy gap of the compound, so that radiative electronic transition may occur between valence band and core valence band. We found this criteria to be satisfied in all the studied compounds leading to cross luminescence except for KSrI 3 , RbSrI 3 . The present study suggest that among the six compounds studied, CsSrI 3 , CsMgCl 3 , CsCaCl 3 , and CsSrCl 3 compounds are cross luminescence materials, which is well explained from the band structure, optical properties calculations. Chlorides are better scintillators that iodides and CsMgCl 3 is found to be promising one among the studied compounds. Apart from these materials we have also discussed electronic structure and optical properties of other scintillator compounds. (author)

  10. Influence of P2O5 and Al2O3 content on the structure of erbium-doped borosilicate glasses and on their physical, thermal, optical and luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bourhis, Kevin; Massera, Jonathan; Petit, Laeticia; Ihalainen, Heikki; Fargues, Alexandre; Cardinal, Thierry; Hupa, Leena; Hupa, Mikko; Dussauze, Marc; Rodriguez, Vincent; Boussard-Plédel, Catherine; Bureau, Bruno; Roiland, Claire; Ferraris, Monica

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Reorganization of the glass structure induced by the addition of P 2 O 5 or Al 2 O 3 . • Emission properties related to the presence of P or Al in the Er 3+ coordination shell. • Declustering observed upon addition of P 2 O 5 . • No declustering upon addition of Al 2 O 3 . - Abstract: The effect of P 2 O 5 and/or Al 2 O 3 addition in Er-doped borosilicate glasses on the physical, thermal, optical, and luminescence properties is investigated. The changes in these glass properties are related to the glass structure modifications induced by the addition of P 2 O 5 and/or Al 2 O 3 , which were probed by FTIR, 11 B MAS NMR and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. Variations of the polymerization degree of the silicate tetrahedra and modifications in the [3] B/ [4] B ratio are explained by a charge compensation mechanism due to the formation of AlO 4 , PO 4 groups and the formation of Al-O-P linkages in the glass network. From the absorption and luminescence properties of the Er 3+ ions at 980 nm and 1530 nm, declustering is suspected for the highest P 2 O 5 concentrations while for the highest Al 2 O 3 concentrations no declustering is observed

  11. NIR luminescent Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped SiO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2} nanostructured planar and channel waveguides: Optical and structural properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunha, Cesar dos Santos [Departamento de Quimica, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901, Ribeirao Preto/SP (Brazil); Ferrari, Jefferson Luis [Grupo de Pesquisa em Quimica de Materiais - (GPQM), Departamento de Ciencias Naturais, Universidade Federal de Sao Joao Del Rei, Campus Dom Bosco, Praca Dom Helvecio, 74, 36301-160, Sao Joao Del Rei, MG (Brazil); Oliveira, Drielly Cristina de [Departamento de Quimica, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901, Ribeirao Preto/SP (Brazil); Maia, Lauro June Queiroz [Grupo Fisica de Materiais, Instituto de Fisica, UFG, Campus Samambaia, Caixa Postal 131, 74001-970, Goiania/GO (Brazil); Gomes, Anderson Stevens Leonidas [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Cidade Universitaria, Recife/PE, 50670-901 (Brazil); Ribeiro, Sidney Jose Lima [Laboratorio de Materiais Fotonicos, Instituto de Quimica, UNESP, Caixa Postal 355, 14801-970, Araraquara/SP (Brazil); and others

    2012-09-14

    Optical and structural properties of planar and channel waveguides based on sol-gel Er{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} co-doped SiO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2} are reported. Microstructured channels with high homogeneous surface profile were written onto the surface of multilayered densified films deposited on SiO{sub 2}/Si substrates by a femtosecond laser etching technique. The densification of the planar waveguides was evaluated from changes in the refractive index and thickness, with full densification being achieved at 900 Degree-Sign C after annealing from 23 up to 500 min, depending on the ZrO{sub 2} content. Crystal nucleation and growth took place together with densification, thereby producing transparent glass ceramic planar waveguides containing rare earth-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanocrystals dispersed in a silica-based glassy host. Low roughness and crack-free surface as well as high confinement coefficient were achieved for all the compositions. Enhanced NIR luminescence of the Er{sup 3+} ions was observed for the Yb{sup 3+}-codoped planar waveguides, denoting an efficient energy transfer from the Yb{sup 3+} to the Er{sup 3+} ion. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sol-gel high NIR luminescent nanostructured planar and channel waveguides. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Microstructured channels written by a femtosecond laser etching technique. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transparent glass ceramic with rare earth-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanocrystals in a silica host. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Enhanced NIR luminescence, efficient energy transfer from the Yb{sup 3+} to the Er{sup 3+} ion. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New planar channel waveguides to be applied as EDWA in the C telecommunication band.

  12. Characterization of Structure and Damage in Materials in Four Dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, I. M. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States); Schuh, C. A. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Vetrano, J. S. [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Browning, N. D. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Field, D. P. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States); Jensen, D. J. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Roskilde (Denmark); Miller, M. K. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Baker, I. [Darmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States); Dunand, D. C. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Dunin-Borkowski, R. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark); Kabius, B. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Kelly, T. [Cameca Instruments Corp., Madison, WI (United States); Lozano-Perez, S. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom); Misra, A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Rohrer, G. S. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Rollett, A. D. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Taheri, M. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States); Thompson, G. B. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States); Uchic, M. [Air Force Research Lab. (AFRL), Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States); Wang, X. L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Was, G. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2010-09-30

    The materials characterization toolbox has recently experienced a number of parallel revolutionary advances, foreshadowing a time in the near future when materials scientists can quantify material structure across orders of magnitude in length and time scales (i.e., in four dimensions) completely. This paper presents a viewpoint on the materials characterization field, reviewing its recent past, evaluating its present capabilities, and proposing directions for its future development. Electron microscopy; atom-probe tomography; X-ray, neutron and electron tomography; serial sectioning tomography; and diffraction-based analysis methods are reviewed, and opportunities for their future development are highlighted. Particular attention is paid to studies that have pioneered the synergetic use of multiple techniques to provide complementary views of a single structure or process; several of these studies represent the state-of-the-art in characterization, and suggest a trajectory for the continued development of the field. Based on this review, a set of grand challenges for characterization science is identified, including suggestions for instrumentation advances, scientific problems in microstructure analysis, and complex structure evolution problems involving materials damage. The future of microstructural characterization is proposed to be one not only where individual techniques are pushed to their limits, but where the community devises strategies of technique synergy to address complex multiscale problems in materials science and engineering.

  13. Crystal structure, characterization and magnetic properties of a 1D ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Crystal structure, characterization and magnetic properties of a 1D copper(II) polymer incorporating a Schiff base with carboxylate side arm. SHYAMAPADA SHIT MADHUSUDAN NANDY CORRADO RIZZOLI CÉDRIC DESPLANCHES SAMIRAN MITRA. Regular Article Volume 128 Issue 6 June 2016 pp 913-920 ...

  14. Synthesis and structural characterization of a calcium coordination ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    gly = glycine) has been isolated from the calcium chloride-glycine-water system and structurally characterized. Each Ca(II) in 1 is eight-coordinated and is bonded to eight oxygen atoms three of which are from terminal water molecules and five ...

  15. Novel biosynthesis of Ag-hydroxyapatite: Structural and spectroscopic characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro de Jesús Ruíz-Baltazar

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Silver-doped hydroxyapatite (Ag-HAP was obtained by green synthesis route. The dopant silver nanoparticles (AgNPs were obtained by biosynthesis based on Melissa officinalis extract. This research is focused on the characterization and the use of the nontoxic and environment-friendly Ag-HAP nanocomposite. The structural and morphological characterization of Ag-HAP nanocomposite was carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM, X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy. The obtained nanoparticles exhibited a great interaction with the HAP matrix, performing an Ag-HAP nanocomposite. Changes in the structure of the Ag-HAP nanocomposite were corroborated by the different characterization techniques. Additionally, a homogeneous distribution of the AgNPs on the HAP structure was observed. The heterogeneous nucleation process employed to doping the HAP, offer a functional route to obtain a green composite with potentials applications in multiple fields, such as tissue engineering, bone repair as well as protein. These properties can be evaluated in subsequent studies. Keywords: Green synthesis, Ag nanoparticles, Hydroxyapatite, Structural characterization, Spectroscopy

  16. Characterization and global analysis of a family of Poisson structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez-Bermejo, Benito

    2006-01-01

    A three-dimensional family of solutions of the Jacobi equations for Poisson systems is characterized. In spite of its general form it is possible the explicit and global determination of its main features, such as the symplectic structure and the construction of the Darboux canonical form. Examples are given

  17. Characterization and global analysis of a family of Poisson structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez-Bermejo, Benito [Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnologia, Edificio Departamental II, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Calle Tulipan S/N, 28933 (Mostoles), Madrid (Spain)]. E-mail: benito.hernandez@urjc.es

    2006-06-26

    A three-dimensional family of solutions of the Jacobi equations for Poisson systems is characterized. In spite of its general form it is possible the explicit and global determination of its main features, such as the symplectic structure and the construction of the Darboux canonical form. Examples are given.

  18. Synthesis and structural characterization of a calcium coordination ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synthesis and structural characterization of a calcium coordination polymer based on a μ3-bridging. tetradentate binding mode of glycine. SUBRAMANIAN NATARAJAN*a, BIKSHANDARKOIL R. SRINIVASANb , J. KALYANA SUNDARa, K. RAVIKUMARc , R.V. KRISHNAKUMARd , J. SURESHe,. aSchool of Physics, ...

  19. Structural and biochemical characterization of 3-hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montersino, S.

    2012-01-01

    The thesis deals with the characterization of a new flavoprotein hydroxylase 3 hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylase (3HB6H) from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1. 3HB6H is able to insert exclusively oxygen in para-position and the enzyme has been chosen to study the structural basis of such regioselectivity. As

  20. Structural modulation and luminescent properties of four Cd{sup II} coordination architectures based on 3-(pyridin-4-yl)-5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole and flexible/rigid dicarboxylate ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xia, Liang; Dong, Wen-Wen, E-mail: dongww1@126.com; Ye, Xiao; Zhao, Jun; Li, Dong-Sheng, E-mail: lidongsheng1@126.com

    2016-10-15

    To systematically investigate the influence of the flexible or rigid auxiliary ligands on the structures and properties of transition metal compounds, we synthesized four new d{sup 10} coordination polymers (CPs) from 3-(pyridin-4-yl)-5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole (4-Hpzpt) and flexible/rigid dicarboxylate ligands, [Cd(4-pzpt){sub 2}]{sub n} (1), [Cd{sub 3}(4-pzpt){sub 2}(suc){sub 2}]{sub n} (2), [Cd{sub 2}(4-Hpzpt)(nbc){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (3) and ([Cd{sub 2}(4-pzpt){sub 2}(tfbdc)(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}suc=1,2-ethanedicarboxylic acid, H{sub 2}nbc=hthalene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, H{sub 2}tfbdc =2,3,5,6-tetrafluoroterephthalic acid). Single crystal X-ray analysis indicates that compound 1 shows a 4{sup 4}-sql layer, which is extended to a 3D network via nonclassical C–H{sup …}N hydrogen bonds. Compound 2 possesses a 6-connected pcu-4{sup 12}0.6{sup 3} net composed of trinuclear Cd{sup II}-clusters. Compound 3 represents a rare 3D (3,4,4,5)-connected topology with a Schläfli symbol of (4·6·7)(4·5{sup 3}·7{sup 2})(5{sup 3}·6·7·9)(4{sup 2}·5{sup 5}·6·7{sup 2}). Compound 4 exhibits a 2D+2D→2D parallel interpenetrated 6{sup 3}-hcb network. The adjacent 2D networks are interdigitated with each other to form the resulting 3D supramolecular architecture through classical O–H{sup …}N and O–H{sup …}O hydrogen bonds. Structural diversities indicate that the nature of flexible/rigid-dicarboxlates plays crucial roles in modulating structures of these compounds. Moreover, the luminescent properties of them have been briefly investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four new Cd{sup II} coordination architectures constructed from the primary ligand 4-Hpzpt and flexible/rigid dicarboxylate coligands. Structural diversities indicate that the nature of flexible/rigid-dicarboxlates plays crucial roles in modulating structures of these compounds. And more, the thermal stability and luminescence are discussed. - Highlights:

  1. Luminescent solar concentrator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugce Tosun

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Luminescent solar concentrator (LSC is a device that has luminescent molecules embedding or topping polymeric or glass waveguide to generate electricity from sunlight with a photovoltaic cell attachment. LSCs can be employed both in small and large scale projects, independent on the direction or angle of the surface with respect to the sun, promising more freedom for integration in urban environments compared to the traditional PV systems. The aim of the SEB&C PDEng project is to investigate the applicability of this innovative technology in the built environment and to bridge the gap of knowledge linking societal, design and technological aspects. The final goal is to exhibit potential application concepts of LSC developed by co-creative methods at SPARK campus which is a hub for open innovation in built environment. Necessity of a paradigm shift towards sustainable and smart cities came into being due to the significant increase in energy demand of the buildings. The challenge is to increase renewable sources in the energy mix while designing aesthetic environments. Thus, building integrated renewable energy technologies represent a great opportunity to help overcome this current challenge. Smart energy, energy efficiency and use of renewable sources are key aspects to be considered nowadays and many innovative technologies need further exploitation to be commercially viable, such as luminescent solar concentrator.

  2. Quantitative luminescence imaging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin, David N.; Kiel, Johnathan L.; Batishko, Charles R.; Stahl, Kurt A.

    1990-01-01

    The QLIS images and quantifies low-level chemiluminescent reactions in an electromagnetic field. It is capable of real time nonperturbing measurement and simultaneous recording of many biochemical and chemical reactions such as luminescent immunoassays or enzyme assays. The system comprises image transfer optics, a low-light level digitizing camera with image intensifying microchannel plates, an image process or, and a control computer. The image transfer optics may be a fiber image guide with a bend, or a microscope, to take the light outside of the RF field. Output of the camera is transformed into a localized rate of cumulative digitalized data or enhanced video display or hard-copy images. The system may be used as a luminescent microdosimetry device for radiofrequency or microwave radiation, as a thermal dosimeter, or in the dosimetry of ultra-sound (sonoluminescence) or ionizing radiation. It provides a near-real-time system capable of measuring the extremely low light levels from luminescent reactions in electromagnetic fields in the areas of chemiluminescence assays and thermal microdosimetry, and is capable of near-real-time imaging of the sample to allow spatial distribution analysis of the reaction. It can be used to instrument three distinctly different irradiation configurations, comprising (1) RF waveguide irradiation of a small Petri-dish-shaped sample cell, (2) RF irradiation of samples in a microscope for the microscopie imaging and measurement, and (3) RF irradiation of small to human body-sized samples in an anechoic chamber.

  3. Structural characterization of indium oxide nanostructures: a Raman analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berengue, Olivia M; Rodrigues, Ariano D; Chiquito, Adenilson J; Dalmaschio, Cleocir J; Leite, Edson R; Lanfredi, Alexandre J C

    2010-01-01

    In this work we report on structural and Raman spectroscopy measurements of pure and Sn-doped In 2 O 3 nanowires. Both samples were found to be cubic and high quality single crystals. Raman analysis was performed to obtain the phonon modes of the nanowires and to confirm the compositional and structural information given by structural characterization. Cubic-like phonon modes were detected in both samples and their distinct phase was evidenced by the presence of tin doping. As a consequence, disorder effects were detected evidenced by the break of the Raman selection rules.

  4. Characterization of technical surfaces by structure function analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalms, Michael; Kreis, Thomas; Bergmann, Ralf B.

    2018-03-01

    The structure function is a tool for characterizing technical surfaces that exhibits a number of advantages over Fourierbased analysis methods. So it is optimally suited for analyzing the height distributions of surfaces measured by full-field non-contacting methods. The structure function is thus a useful method to extract global or local criteria like e. g. periodicities, waviness, lay, or roughness to analyze and evaluate technical surfaces. After the definition of line- and area-structure function and offering effective procedures for their calculation this paper presents examples using simulated and measured data of technical surfaces including aircraft parts.

  5. Rethinking Sensitized Luminescence in Lanthanide Coordination Polymers and MOFs: Band Sensitization and Water Enhanced Eu Luminescence in [Ln(C15H9O5)3(H2O)3]n (Ln = Eu, Tb).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einkauf, Jeffrey D; Kelley, Tanya T; Chan, Benny C; de Lill, Daniel T

    2016-08-15

    A coordination polymer [Ln(C15H9O9)3(H2O)3]n (1-Ln = Eu(III), Tb(III)) assembled from benzophenonedicarboxylate was synthesized and characterized. The organic component is shown to sensitize lanthanide-based emission in both compounds, with quantum yields of 36% (Eu) and 6% (Tb). Luminescence of lanthanide coordination polymers is currently described from a molecular approach. This methodology fails to explain the luminescence of this system. It was found that the band structure of the organic component rather than the molecular triplet state was able to explain the observed luminescence. Deuterated (Ln(C15H9O9)3(D2O)3) and dehydrated (Ln(C15H9O9)3) analogues were also studied. When bound H2O was replaced by D2O, lifetime and emission increased as expected. Upon dehydration, lifetimes increased again, but emission of 1-Eu unexpectedly decreased. This reduction is reasoned through an unprecedented enhancement effect of the compound's luminescence by the OH/OD oscillators in the organic-to-Eu(III) energy transfer process.

  6. Growth and characterization of para-hexaphenyl based organic hetero-structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schwabegger, G.

    2013-01-01

    The properties of organic semiconductors have been studied intensively in the last two decades. The main motivation for these research efforts are possible applications of this material class as building blocks of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic field effect transistors (OFETs). Additionally, there is considerable interest concerning the optical properties of this material class including strong fluorescence and a high absorption cross section for stimulated emission. Consequently, it seems to be promising to utilize such molecules for organic solid state lasers. A profound understanding of the crystallization processes of organic semiconductor materials is necessary in order to realize such applications. The latter statement motivates the main focus of this work, which is the preparation and characterization of crystalline organic nanostructures consisting of oligomer molecules vacuum deposited on inorganic substrates by means of hot wall epitaxy (HWE). With this respect, the molecule para-Hexaphenyl (6P) and the substrate muscovite mica have achieved outstanding importance, because this combination leads to the formation of crystalline and highly anisotropic nano-needles. These nano-needles exhibit intense polarized fluorescence in the blue spectral regime and they can be utilized as wave-guides and as sources for laser radiation. To enlarge the spectrum of conceivable applications and to change the emission properties of the nano-structures, 6P can be replaced by other organic molecules. However this usually leads to multiple (non-parallel) needle orientations causing crossing points, which is cumbersome for the proposed optical applications. Organic-organic multilayer systems are discussed in this work as a possible strategy to overcome these limitations, which combines the outstanding structural properties of 6P with different optical properties of molecules like sexithiophene (6T). The morphology and structure of such multilayer organic

  7. Fluorescence microscopy for the characterization of structural integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Street, Kenneth W.; Leonhardt, Todd A.

    1991-01-01

    The absorption characteristics of light and the optical technique of fluorescence microscopy for enhancing metallographic interpretation are presented. Characterization of thermally sprayed coatings by optical microscopy suffers because of the tendency for misidentification of the microstructure produced by metallographic preparation. Gray scale, in bright field microscopy, is frequently the only means of differentiating the actual structural details of porosity, cracking, and debonding of coatings. Fluorescence microscopy is a technique that helps to distinguish the artifacts of metallographic preparation (pullout, cracking, debonding) from the microstructure of the specimen by color contrasting structural differences. Alternative instrumentation and the use of other dye systems are also discussed. The combination of epoxy vacuum infiltration with fluorescence microscopy to verify microstructural defects is an effective means to characterize advanced materials and to assess structural integrity.

  8. Structural and functional characterization of P4-ATPase lipid flippases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulstrup, Jakob

    2018-01-01

    to its much larger substrate and how the mechanism allowing the transport unfolds. This is one of the central questions in the field known as the “giant substrate problem”. To this date, no structural information of P4-ATPases is available. The focus of this thesis is divided into two projects, both...... focusing on P4-ATPases from the yeast organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae: I. The structural characterization of the flippase Drs2p in complex with its auxiliary subunit Cdc50p. II. Establishing a protocol for obtaining a homogenous sample of the flippase Neo1p suitable for biochemical characterization...... and substrate identification. Part I was performed using X-ray crystallography and single-particle electron microscopy as the main methods. A 3D envelope was obtained by cryo-EM extending to a resolution of 4.4 Å. This envelope reveals the first structural insight of the conformational organization of the Drs2p...

  9. A new luminescent terbium 4-methylsalicylate complex as a novel sensor for detecting the purity of methanol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Cheng-Hui; Yang, Yang-Yi; Zhu, Yi-Min; Wang, Hong-Ming; Chu, Tian-Shu; Ng, Seik Weng

    2012-01-01

    A new dinuclear terbium complex [Tb(2)(4-msal)(6)(H(2)O)(4)]·6H(2)O (1) (4-msal = 4-methylsalcylate) was synthesized. Its structure was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, and the complex was characterized by PXRD, FT-IR, fluorescence, TGA and DTA. Complex 1 exists as discrete molecules that are linked by extensive O-H … O hydrogen bonds into a 3D network. The luminescence lifetimes of 3 μM methanol solution and solid sample of 1 are 1.321 and 1.009 ms, respectively. The quantum yield of solid sample is 6.0%. The luminescence quenched more than 50% when 3% (vol/vol) different impurities (acetone, acetonitrile, chloroform, dichloromethane, dioxane, DMF, DMSO, ethanol, ether, ethyl acetate, glycol, H(2)O, hexane, TEA, THF and toluene or their mixture) were added. The inverse linear relationship between the Lg value of fluorescence intensity and the volume ratio of the minor component (to a maximum of 20%) is interpreted in terms of LgI = a-bX (I: luminescence intensity; X: volume ratio of impurities in methanol; a, b are constants). So 1 is a potential luminescent sensor for analyzing the purity of methanol. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Photochemistry and Photobiology © 2012 The American Society of Photobiology.

  10. Luminescence properties of a nanoporous freshwater diatom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Bondita; Choudhury, Amarjyoti; Buragohain, Alak K

    2012-01-01

    Freshwater diatom frustules show special optical properties. In this paper we observed luminescence properties of the freshwater diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana. To confirm the morphological properties we present scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies were carried out to visualize the structural properties of the frustules, confirming that silica present in diatom frustules crystallizes in an α-quartz structure. Study of the optical properties of the silica frustules of diatoms using ultra-violet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy confirmed that the diatom C. meneghiniana shows luminescence in the blue region of the electromagnetic spectrum when irradiated with UV light. This property of diatoms can be exploited to obtain many applications in day-to-day life. Also, using time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy (TRPL) it was confirmed that this species of diatom shows bi-exponential decay. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. Synthesis and luminescence characterization of Pr3+ doped Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidyadharan, Viji; Mani, Kamal P.; Sajna, M. S.; Joseph, Cyriac; Unnikrishnan, N. V.; Biju, P. R.

    2014-12-01

    Luminescence properties of Pr3+ activated Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphors synthesized by solid state reaction method are reported in this work. Blue, orange red and red emissions were observed in the Pr3+ doped sample under 444 nm excitation and these emissions are assigned as 3P0 → 3H4, 3P0 → 3H6 and 3P0 → 3F4 transitions. The emission intensity shows a maximum corresponding to the 0.5 wt% Pr3+ ion. The decay analysis was done for 0.05 and 0.5 wt% Pr3+ doped samples for the transition 3P0 → 3H6. The life times of 0.05 and 0.5 wt% Pr3+ doped samples were calculated by fitting to exponential and non-exponential curve respectively, and are found to be 156 and 105 μs respectively. The non-exponential behaviour arises due to the statistical distribution of the distances between the ground state Pr3+ ions and excited state Pr3+ ions, which cause the inhomogeneous energy transfer rate. The XRD spectrum confirmed the triclinic phase of the prepared phosphors. The compositions of the samples were determined by the energy dispersive X-ray spectra. From the SEM images it is observed that the particles are agglomerated and are irregularly shaped. IR absorption bands were assigned to different vibrational modes. The well resolved peaks shown in the absorption spectra are identical to the excitation spectra of the phosphor samples. Pr3+ activated Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphors can be efficiently excited with 444 nm irradiation and emit multicolour visible emissions. From the CIE diagram it can be seen that the prepared phosphor samples give yellowish-green emission.

  12. Crystal structure, intensity luminescence characteristics and stimulated radiation of disordered gallate LaSr2Ga11O20-Nd3+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaminskij, A.A.; Mill', B.V.; Belokoneva, E.L.; Butashin, A.V.; Sarkisov, S.Eh.; Kurbanov, K.; Khodzhabagyan, G.G.

    1986-01-01

    LnA 2 2+ Ga 11 O 20 and A 3 2+ M 0.5 5+ Ga 10.5 O 20 compounds are synthesized, LaSr 2 Ga 11 O 20 and LaSr 2 Ga 11 O 20 -Nd 3+ monocrystals are grown by Czochralski method. Their X-ray diffraction analysis is conducted, absorption - luminescence characteristics are obtained, stimulated Nd 3+ ion radiation is excited and investigated in two generating channel waves 4 F 3/2 → 4 I 11/2,13/2 at 300 K

  13. Structural and electrical characterization of zinc oxide doped with antimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Juárez Díaz

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In this work we report the results of structural and electrical characterization realized on zinc oxide single crystal samples with (001 orientation, which were doped with antimony. Doping was carried out by antimony thermal diffusion at 1000 °C for periods of 1 and 2 hours under nitrogen environment from a solid source formed by antimony oxide. Electrical characterization by I-V curves and Hall effect shown an increase in acceptor concentration which demonstrates that doping is effective and create holes in zinc oxide samples.

  14. Room-temperature wide-range luminescence and structural, optical, and electrical properties of SILAR deposited Cu-Zn-S nano-structured thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jose, Edwin; Kumar, M. C. Santhosh

    2016-09-01

    We report the deposition of nanostructured Cu-Zn-S composite thin films by Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction (SILAR) method on glass substrates at room temperature. The structural, morphological, optical, photoluminescence and electrical properties of Cu-Zn-S thin films are investigated. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy studies indicate that the films exhibit a ternary Cu-Zn-S structure rather than the Cu xS and ZnS binary composite. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies show that the Cu-Zn-S films are covered well over glass substrates. The optical band gap energies of the Cu-Zn-S films are calculated using UV-visible absorption measurements, which are found in the range of 2.2 to 2.32 eV. The room temperature photoluminescence studies show a wide range of emissions from 410 nm to 565 nm. These emissions are mainly due to defects and vacancies in the composite system. The electrical studies using Hall effect measurements show that the Cu-Zn-S films are having p-type conductivity.

  15. Luminescence dating of Netherland's sediments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wallinga, J.; Davids, F.; Dijkmans, J.W.A.

    2007-01-01

    Over the last decades luminescence dating techniques have been developed that allow earth scientists to determine the time of deposition of sediments. In this contribution we revity: 1) the development of the methodology, 2) tests of the reliability of luminescence dating on Netherlands' sediments;

  16. Characterization of turbulent coherent structures in square duct flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atzori, Marco; Vinuesa, Ricardo; Lozano-Durán, Adrián; Schlatter, Philipp

    2018-04-01

    This work is aimed at a first characterization of coherent structures in turbulent square duct flows. Coherent structures are defined as connected components in the domain identified as places where a quantity of interest (such as Reynolds stress or vorticity) is larger than a prescribed non-uniform threshold. Firstly, we qualitatively discuss how a percolation analysis can be used to assess the effectiveness of the threshold function, and how it can be affected by statistical uncertainty. Secondly, various physical quantities that are expected to play an important role in the dynamics of the secondary flow of Prandtl’s second kind are studied. Furthermore, a characterization of intense Reynolds-stress events in square duct flow, together with a comparison of their shape for analogous events in channel flow at the same Reynolds number, is presented.

  17. Structural characterization of asphaltenes from vacuum residue distillation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Ronaldo C.; Seidl, Peter R.; Menezes, Sonia M.C. de; Teixeira, Marco A.G.

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this work was to do structural characterization of asphaltenes from different vacuum residues distillation. Several average molecular parameters using some analytical techniques were obtained and these techniques were: nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1 H and 13 C NMR), elemental analysis (C,H,N,O and S content), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), vapor pressure osmometry and gel permeation chromatography. Particularly from NMR, some important molecular parameters were obtained, such as aromatic carbon fraction, aliphatic carbons fraction, alkyl substituted aromatic carbons, unsubstituted aromatic carbons, etc. Molecular modeling will be employed to build the structure of asphaltenes using the experimental data. (author)

  18. Synthesis and luminescence properties of Eu"2"+ doped CaSO_4 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aghalte, G.A.; Dhoble, S.J.; Pawar, N.R.

    2016-01-01

    Eu"2"+ doped CaSO_4 Phosphor were synthesized by precipitation method. PL analysis of Eu"2"+ activated CaSO_4 phosphor exhibited characteristic emission properties; CaSO_4:Eu Phosphor has received considerable attention because of its high sensitivity to X-ray and λ ray irradiation. CaSO_4:Eu phosphor powder was successfully synthesized by the wet chemical co-precipitation method. The structure morphology and luminescent properties of the phosphor were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy

  19. Luminescence from metals and insulators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crawford, O.H.

    1985-01-01

    The term luminescence is normally applied to light emission that is not explainable by the mechanisms discussed by the other speakers in this meeting. Specifically, it is not transition radiation, surface plasmon radiation, or bremsstrahlung. One normally thinks of luminescence as arising from one-electron transitions within a medium. This talk consists of an overview of luminescence from condensed matter under irradiation by either energetic particles or photons. The author begins with organic molecules, where luminescence is best understood, and then discusses inorganic insulators and metals. Finally, the dependence of yield upon projectile species and velocity is discussed, and predictions are made concerning the relative effectiveness of electrons, protons, and hydrogen atoms in exciting luminescence

  20. A luminescent nisin biosensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Immonen, Nina; Karp, Matti

    2006-02-01

    Nisin is a lantibiotic, an antibacterial peptide produced by certain Lactococcus lactis strains that kills or inhibits the growth of other bacteria. Nisin is widely used as a food preservative, and its long-time use suggests that it can be generally regarded as safe. We have developed a method for determining the amount of nisin in food samples that is based on luminescent biosensor bacteria. Bacterial luciferase operon luxABCDE was inserted into plasmid pNZ8048, and the construct was transformed by electroporation into Lc. lactis strain NZ9800, whose ability to produce nisin has been erased by deletion of the gene nisA. The operon luxABCDE has been modified to be functional in gram-positive bacteria to confer a bioluminescent phenotype without the requirement of adding an exogenous substrate. In the plasmid pNZ8048, the operon was placed under control of the nisin-inducible nisA promoter. The chromosomal nisRK genes of Lc. lactis NZ9800 allow it to sense nisin in the environment and relay this signal via signal transduction proteins NisK and NisR to initiate transcription from nisA promoter. In the case of our sensor bacteria, this leads to production of luciferase and, thus, luminescence that can be directly measured from living bacteria. Luminescence can be detected as early as within minutes of induction. The nisin assay described here provides a detection limit in the sub-picogram level per ml, and a linear area between 1 - 1000 pg/ml. The sensitivity of this assay exceeds the performance of all previously published methods.

  1. Novel biosynthesis of Ag-hydroxyapatite: Structural and spectroscopic characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruíz-Baltazar, Álvaro de Jesús; Reyes-López, Simón Yobanny; Silva-Holguin, Pamela Nair; Larrañaga, Daniel; Estévez, Miriam; Pérez, Ramiro

    2018-06-01

    Silver-doped hydroxyapatite (Ag-HAP) was obtained by green synthesis route. The dopant silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were obtained by biosynthesis based on Melissa officinalis extract. This research is focused on the characterization and the use of the nontoxic and environment-friendly Ag-HAP nanocomposite. The structural and morphological characterization of Ag-HAP nanocomposite was carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy. The obtained nanoparticles exhibited a great interaction with the HAP matrix, performing an Ag-HAP nanocomposite. Changes in the structure of the Ag-HAP nanocomposite were corroborated by the different characterization techniques. Additionally, a homogeneous distribution of the AgNPs on the HAP structure was observed. The heterogeneous nucleation process employed to doping the HAP, offer a functional route to obtain a green composite with potentials applications in multiple fields, such as tissue engineering, bone repair as well as protein. These properties can be evaluated in subsequent studies.

  2. LUMINESCENCE DETERMINATION OF ETODOLAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Yegorova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A highly sensitive, simple and rapid method for determination of non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drug – etodolac (Et in washings from surfaces of pharmaceutical equipment have been proposed. The intensity of native luminescence of water-n-propanol solutions of etodolac (λex= 274 nm; λlum= 350 nm was used as the analytical signal. The calibration graph is linear in the concentration range 0.014-2.3 μg/ml, the limit of detection is 0.5 ng/ml.

  3. Dimensional characterization of biperiodic imprinted structures using optical scatterometry

    KAUST Repository

    Gereige, Issam

    2013-12-01

    In this paper, we report on the characterization of biperiodic imprinted structures using a non-destructive optical technique commonly called scatterometry. The nanostructures consist of periodic arrays of square and circular dots which were imprinted in a thermoplastic polymer by thermal nanoimprint lithography. Optical measurements were performed using spectroscopic ellipsometry in the spectral region of 1.5-4 eV. The geometrical profiles of the imprinted structures were reconstructed using the Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis (RCWA) to model the diffraction phenomena by periodic gratings. The technique was also adapted for large scale evaluation of the imprint process. Uniqueness of the solution was examined by analyzing the diffraction of the structure at different experimental conditions, for instance at various angles of incidence. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Luminescence dating in archaeology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wintle, A.G.

    2001-01-01

    Thermoluminescence (TL) dating is routinely applied to burnt lithic material. Simple fires are capable of enabling stones weighing a few hundred grams to reach 450 o C, thus zeroing the TL signal. TL dates have been obtained for Upper and Lower Paleolithic sites in Europe and the Near East. TL dating continues to be used for dating pottery and for authentification of ceramic works of art. Some recent studies report the use of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) (also know as photoluminescence) for dating very small samples of quartz, e.g. from small pieces of pottery or frm metallurgical slag The major recent advance has been in the development of a reliable laboratory procedure for using the OSL signal from quartz to obtain the past radiation exposure. The quartz OSL signal is extremely sensitive to light and is reduced to a negligible level on exposure to direct sunlight for radionuclides during burial, signal to date san.sized quartz grains extracted from sediments, The OSL signal is stimulated by 470 nm light from emitting diodes and the detected using flirters centred on 340 nm A similar signal can be obtained from feldspar grain when are exposed to infrared wavelengths around 880 nm. The infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) signals is also rapidly depleted by exposure to sunlight, and dating of colluvial deposits from archaeological sites has been reported

  5. The influence of post-deposition annealing on the structure, morphology and luminescence properties of pulsed laser deposited La0.5Gd1.5SiO5 doped Dy3+ thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogugua, Simon N.; Swart, Hendrik C.; Ntwaeaborwa, Odireleng M.

    2018-04-01

    The influence of post-deposition annealing on the structure, particle morphology and photoluminescence properties of dysprosium (Dy3+) doped La0.5Gd1.5SiO5 thin films grown on Si(111) substrates at different substrate temperatures using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique were studied. The X-ray diffractometer results showed an improved crystallinity after post-annealing. The topography and morphology of the post-annealed films were studied using atomic force microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy respectively. The elemental composition in the surface region of the films were analyzed using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The photoluminescence studies showed an improved luminescent after post-annealing. The cathodoluminescence properties of the films are also reported. The CIE colour coordinates calculated from the photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence data suggest that the films can have potential application in white light emitting diode (LED) and field emission display (FED) applications.

  6. A luminescent Lanthanide-free MOF nanohybrid for highly sensitive ratiometric temperature sensing in physiological range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, You; Zhang, Denan; Zeng, Jin; Gan, Ning; Cuan, Jing

    2018-05-01

    Luminescent MOF materials with tunable emissions and energy/charge transfer processes have been extensively explored as ratiometric temperature sensors. However, most of the ratiometric MOF thermometers reported thus far are based on the MOFs containing photoactive lanthanides, which are potentially facing cost issue and serious supply shortage. Here, we present a ratiometric luminescent thermometer based on a dual-emitting lanthanide-free MOF hybrid, which is developed by encapsulation of a fluorescent dye into a robust nanocrystalline zirconium-based MOF through a one-pot synthesis approach. The structure and morphology of the hybrid product was characterized by Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), N 2 adsorption-desorption measurement and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The pore confinement effect well isolates the guest dye molecules and therefore suppresses the nonradiative energy transfer process between dye molecules. The incorporated dye emission is mainly sensitized by the organic linkers within MOF through fluorescence resonance energy transfer. The ratiometric luminescence of the MOF hybrid shows a significant response to temperature due to the thermal-related back energy transfer process from dye molecules and organic linkers, thus can be exploited for self-calibrated temperature sensing. The maximum thermometric sensitivity is 1.19% °C -1 in the physiological temperature range, which is among the highest for the ratiomtric MOF thermometers that operating in 25-45°C. The temperature resolution is better than 0.1°C over the entire operative range (20-60°C). By integrating the advantages of excellent stability, nanoscale nature, and high sensitivity and precision in the physiological temperature range, this dye@MOF hybrid might have potential application in biomedical diagnosis. What' more, this work has expanded the possibility of non-lanthanide luminescent MOF materials for the development of ratiometric temperature sensors. Copyright © 2018

  7. Quantitative study of luminescence optical tomography. Application to sources localisation in molecular imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boffety, Matthieu

    2010-01-01

    Molecular imaging is a major modality in the field of preclinical research. Among the existing methods, techniques based on optical detection of visible or near infrared radiation are the most recent and are mainly represented by luminescence optical tomography techniques. These methods allow for 3D characterization of a biological medium by reconstructing maps of concentration or localisation of luminescent beacons sensitive to biological and chemical processes at the molecular or cellular scale. Luminescence optical tomography is based on a model of light propagation in tissues, a protocol for acquiring surface signal and a numerical inversion procedure used to reconstruct the parameters of interest. This thesis is structured around these three axes and provides an answer to each problem. The main objective of this study is to introduce and present the tools to evaluate the theoretical performances of optical tomography methods. One of its major outcomes is the realisation of experimental tomographic reconstructions from images acquired by an optical imager designed for 2D planar imaging and developed by the company Quidd. In a first step we develop the theory of transport in scattering medium to establish the concept on which our work will rely. We present two different propagation models as well as resolution methods and theoretical difficulties associated with them. In a second part we introduce the statistical tools used to characterise tomographic systems. We define and apply a procedure to simple situations in luminescence optical tomography. The last part of this work presents the development of an inversion procedure. After introducing the theoretical framework we validate the procedure from numerical data before successfully applying it to experimental measurements. (author) [fr

  8. Influence of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} content on the structure of erbium-doped borosilicate glasses and on their physical, thermal, optical and luminescence properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourhis, Kevin, E-mail: k.bourhis@argolight.com [Politecnico di Torino, DISAT, Istituto di Ingegneria e Fisica dei Materiali, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Massera, Jonathan [Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Biskopsgatan 8, FI-20500 Turku (Finland); Petit, Laeticia; Ihalainen, Heikki [nLIGHT Corporation, Sorronrinne 9, FI-08500 Lohja (Finland); Fargues, Alexandre; Cardinal, Thierry [CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, ISM, 351Cours de la Libération, F-33405 Talence (France); Hupa, Leena; Hupa, Mikko [Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Biskopsgatan 8, FI-20500 Turku (Finland); Dussauze, Marc; Rodriguez, Vincent [CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, ICMCB, 87 Avenue du Dr Schweitzer, F-33608 Pessac (France); Boussard-Plédel, Catherine; Bureau, Bruno; Roiland, Claire [Equipe Verres et Céramiques, UMR-CNRS 6226, Inst. des Sciences chimiques de Rennes, Université de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes CEDEX (France); Ferraris, Monica [Politecnico di Torino, DISAT, Istituto di Ingegneria e Fisica dei Materiali, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy)

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: • Reorganization of the glass structure induced by the addition of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} or Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. • Emission properties related to the presence of P or Al in the Er{sup 3+} coordination shell. • Declustering observed upon addition of P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. • No declustering upon addition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. - Abstract: The effect of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and/or Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} addition in Er-doped borosilicate glasses on the physical, thermal, optical, and luminescence properties is investigated. The changes in these glass properties are related to the glass structure modifications induced by the addition of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and/or Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, which were probed by FTIR, {sup 11}B MAS NMR and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. Variations of the polymerization degree of the silicate tetrahedra and modifications in the {sup [3]}B/{sup [4]}B ratio are explained by a charge compensation mechanism due to the formation of AlO{sub 4}, PO{sub 4} groups and the formation of Al-O-P linkages in the glass network. From the absorption and luminescence properties of the Er{sup 3+} ions at 980 nm and 1530 nm, declustering is suspected for the highest P{sub 2}O{sub 5} concentrations while for the highest Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentrations no declustering is observed.

  9. Study on the light-color mixing of rare earth luminescent materials for anti-counterfeiting application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jishu; Zhang, Yingzi; Tao, Jin; Zhu, Yanan

    2018-04-01

    In order to find out the light color mixing mechanism of rare earth luminescent materials used in anti-counterfeiting fibers, we prepared three kinds of rare earth luminescent materials according to RGB tri-primary color, and mixed it together to form different mixtures in certain proportion. The phase structures of the luminescent material monomers were measured by x-ray diffractometer. The photochromic properties of the luminescent materials were tested and analyzed by fluorescence spectrophotometer. The results show that the light color mixing was consistent with the blending principle of additive color, but not the same because of the photochromic properties of rare earth luminescent materials, and we explored the reasons in the light wavelength and intensity. It was found that the enhancement of the luminescence intensity of the mixture on account of the superimposing of luminescence.

  10. Characterization structural and morphology ZSM-5 zeolite by hydrothermal synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, V.J.; Crispim, A.C.; Queiroz, M.B.; Laborde, H.M.; Rodrigues, M.G.F.; Menezes, R.R.

    2009-01-01

    Solid acids are catalytic materials commonly used in the chemical industry. Among these zeolites are the most important business processes including water treatment, gas separation, and cracking long hydrocarbon chains to produce high octane gasoline. Its synthesis, characterization and applications have been widely studied. The objective this study was to synthesize the ZSM-5 zeolite for future use in separation processes and catalysis. The zeolite ZSM-5 was prepared by hydrothermal synthesis at 170°C, using silica, deionized water and the director of structures (TPABr - tetrapropylammonium bromide). The materials were characterized by X ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and semiquantitative chemical analysis by X ray fluorescence (XRF). According to the XRD was possible to observe the formation of ZSM-5 zeolite, with peaks intense and well defined. The SEM showed the formation of individual particles, clean, rounded shapes. (author)

  11. Porous Structure Characterization in Titanium Coating for Surgical Implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.V. Oliveira

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Powder metallurgy techniques have been used to produce controlled porous structures, such as the porous coatings applied for dental and orthopedic surgical implants, which allow bony tissue ingrowth within the implant surface improving fixation. This work presents the processing and characterization of titanium porous coatings of different porosity levels, processed through powder metallurgy techniques. Pure titanium sponge powders were used for coating and Ti-6Al7Nb powder metallurgy rods were used as substrates. Characterization was made through quantitative metallographic image analysis using optical light microscope for coating porosity data and SEM analysis for evaluation of the coating/substrate interface integrity. The results allowed optimization of the processing parameters in order to obtain porous coatings that meet the requirements for use as implants.

  12. Syntheses, crystal structures and luminescent properties of two new 1D d 1 coordination polymers constructed from 2,2'-bibenzimidazole and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wen Lili; Li Yizhi; Dang Dongbin; Tian Zhengfang; Ni Zhaoping; Meng Qingjin

    2005-01-01

    Two novel interesting d 1 metal coordination polymers, [Zn(H 2 bibzim)(BDC)] n (1) and [Cd(H 2 bibzim)(BDC)] n (2) [H 2 bibzim=2,2'-bibenzimidazole, BDC=1,4-benzenedicarboxylate] have been synthesized under solvothermal conditions and structurally characterized. Both 1 and 2 are constructed from infinite neutral zigzag-like one-dimensional (1D) chains. The π-π interactions and interchain hydrogen-bonding interactions further extend the 1D arrangement to generate a 3D supramolecular architecture for 1 and 2. Both complexes have high thermal stability and display strong blue fluorescent emissions in the solid state upon photo-excitation at 365 nm at room temperature. They are the first two examples that 2,2'-bibenzimidazole has been introduced into the d 1 coordination polymeric framework

  13. Luminescent properties of the potassium zinc phosphates of composition K1-xTlxZn(PO3)3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El Abiad, A.; Mesnaoui, M.; Maazaz, M.; Parent, C.; Le Flem, G.

    2003-01-01

    Crystalline and glassy K 1-x Tl x Zn(PO 3 ) 3 polyphosphates have been synthesized and characterized. UV-visible spectroscopy was systematically used in order to analyze the optical properties of Tl + ions both in crystalline and glassy forms with the similar compositions. The investigated polyphosphates can be considered as a model system since the spectroscopic properties of Tl + ions in the glasses could be deduced by comparison with those in crystals. From structural point of view, in the crystalline forms the thallium ions are six-fold coordinated in a dissymmetrical oxygenated sites. Three luminescences (α, A X , A T ) have been then observed and were attributed to the isolated Tl + ions. In the glassy forms, an additional luminescence (D) has been detected in the low-energy range and was assigned to the Tl + pairs formation. The relationship between the Tl + site symmetry and its optical properties is discussed in the context of the Fukuda's model

  14. Luminescence properties of Si-containing porous matrix–PbS nanoparticle systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tarasov, S. A.; Aleksandrova, O. A.; Lamkin, I. A.; Maksimov, A. I.; Maraeva, E. V.; Mikhailov, I. I.; Moshnikov, V. A.; Musikhin, S. F.; Nalimova, S. S.; Permyakov, N. V.; Spivak, Yu. M.; Travkin, P. G.

    2015-01-01

    The luminescence properties of systems that contain lead-sulfide nanoparticles deposited onto substrates fabricated from porous silicon, oxidized porous silicon, and porous (tin-oxide)–(silicon-oxide) layers are studied. It is shown that the structure and composition of the matrix induce a strong effect on the luminescence spectra of colloidal quantum dots, defining their emission wavelength

  15. Characterizing structural transitions using localized free energy landscape analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilesh K Banavali

    Full Text Available Structural changes in molecules are frequently observed during biological processes like replication, transcription and translation. These structural changes can usually be traced to specific distortions in the backbones of the macromolecules involved. Quantitative energetic characterization of such distortions can greatly advance the atomic-level understanding of the dynamic character of these biological processes.Molecular dynamics simulations combined with a variation of the Weighted Histogram Analysis Method for potential of mean force determination are applied to characterize localized structural changes for the test case of cytosine (underlined base flipping in a GTCAGCGCATGG DNA duplex. Free energy landscapes for backbone torsion and sugar pucker degrees of freedom in the DNA are used to understand their behavior in response to the base flipping perturbation. By simplifying the base flipping structural change into a two-state model, a free energy difference of upto 14 kcal/mol can be attributed to the flipped state relative to the stacked Watson-Crick base paired state. This two-state classification allows precise evaluation of the effect of base flipping on local backbone degrees of freedom.The calculated free energy landscapes of individual backbone and sugar degrees of freedom expectedly show the greatest change in the vicinity of the flipping base itself, but specific delocalized effects can be discerned upto four nucleotide positions away in both 5' and 3' directions. Free energy landscape analysis thus provides a quantitative method to pinpoint the determinants of structural change on the atomic scale and also delineate the extent of propagation of the perturbation along the molecule. In addition to nucleic acids, this methodology is anticipated to be useful for studying conformational changes in all macromolecules, including carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

  16. Facile synthesis, structural characterization, and photoluminescence mechanism of Dy{sup 3+} doped YVO{sub 4} and Ca{sup 2+} co-doped YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} nano-lattices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dhiren Meetei, Sanoujam, E-mail: sdmdhiren@gmail.com; Dorendrajit Singh, Shougaijam, E-mail: dorendrajit@yahoo.co.in, E-mail: mdebensingh@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal-795003, Manipur (India); Deben Singh, Mutum, E-mail: dorendrajit@yahoo.co.in, E-mail: mdebensingh@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Thambal Marik College, Oinam-795134, Bishnupur, Manipur (India)

    2014-05-28

    Light plays a vital role in the evolution of life. From sunlight to candle-light and then to other form of lighting devices, human beings are utilizing light since time immemorial. Lighting devices such as conventional incandescent lamp and fluorescent lamp have been replaced by Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for the later is cheap, durable, etc. Now-a-days, phosphor converted LEDs have been burning issues in the fabrication of lighting devices. Especially, lanthanide ion(s) doped phosphors are of great interest for the same. However, doped phosphors have a limitation of luminescence quenching, i.e., instead of increasing luminescence on increasing dopant concentration, the luminescence decreases. Therefore, it must be rectified by one or other means so as to get maximum desirable intensity for uses in display or lighting devices. In the present work, YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} and YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+}/Ca{sup 2+} nano-lattices are synthesized by a facile technique. Structural characterizations such as x-ray diffraction, SEM, TEM, HRTEM, and Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) of the samples are reported. Photoluminescence (PL) excitation and emission, enhanced mechanism, and lifetime are thoroughly discussed. PL intensity of the quenched YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} is made increased up to 432.63% by Ca{sup 2+} co-doping. Role of the Ca{sup 2+} on the luminescence enhanced mechanism of YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+}/Ca{sup 2+} is elucidated.

  17. Structural characterization of lipidic systems under nonequilibrium conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yaghmur, Anan; Rappolt, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This review covers recent studies on the characterization of the dynamics of lipidic nanostructures formed via self-assembly processes. The focus is placed on two main topics: First, an overview of advanced experimental small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) setups combined with various sample...... negatively charged vesicles with calcium ions, and in situ hydration-induced formation of inverted-type liquid-crystalline phases loaded with the local anesthetic bupivacaine are summarized. These in situ time-resolved experiments allow real-time monitoring of the dynamics of the structural changes...

  18. Synthesis and structural characterization of oaklin-catechins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, André; Fernandes, Ana; Mateus, Nuno; De Freitas, Victor

    2012-02-15

    Condensation reactions of procyanidin dimer B4 with two representative oak wood cinnamic aldehydes (coniferaldehyde and sinapaldehyde) were conducted in winelike model solutions. Coniferaldehyde led to the formation of guaiacylcatechin-pyrylium-catechin (GCP-catechin, 737 m/z), whereas sinapaldehyde led to the formation of syringylcatechin-pyrylium-catechin (SCP-catechin, 767 m/z). The former was also structurally characterized by 1D and 2D NMR, allowing an elucidation of the formation mechanism of these oaklin-catechin adducts and demonstrating the importance of procyanidins in the formation of colored compounds through the reaction with cinnamic aldehydes extracted from oaks during storage.

  19. Process for producing a self luminescent material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, E

    1962-01-28

    A self luminescent material is produced by a process comprising applying a hydroxide or fluoride of promethium-147 suspended in a medium of paraffinic acid to the surface of a fluorescent body. Promethium-147 decays with a half-life of 2.6 years and emits beta-rays but not alpha- and gamma-rays so that it is suitable for manufacturing self luminescent materials. A chloride of promethium-147 cannot be employed because its structure is destroyed by acids. Although fluorides and hydroxides of promethium-147 are difficult to mix with the fluorescent body material, they become mixable when paraffinic acids containing from 12 to 20 carbon atoms, (for example, steric acid, palmitic acid and margaric acid) are used as a medium. In embodiments, the self luminescent materials are prepared by either neutralization of a promethium-147 chloride solution having a specific radioactivity of 1.2 c/cc. with an ammonium hydroxide solution to form gelatinous hydroxide, or the reaction of a promethium-147 chloride solution with H/sub 2/SiF/sub 6/ by heating at 80/sup 0/C to form a fluoride of promethium-147. The products have a specific radioactivity of 8 to 12 mc/g. These products are suspended in vehicles of polystyrene and methacrylic resin to produce the self luminescent coating materials. Tests show that the initical brightness is comparatively high, the decreasing rate of brightness is small, no blackening effects by alpha-rays occur and costs are low. The brightness of the coating containing promethium-147 is 82-85 after 5 days, 100-105 after 100 days and 82-92 after 180 days. With respect to the coating containing radium the values are 31-70 after 5 days, 28-49 after 100 days and 19-31 after 180 days.

  20. Structural and functional characterization of two alpha-synuclein strains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousset, Luc; Pieri, Laura; Ruiz-Arlandis, Gemma; Gath, Julia; Jensen, Poul Henning; Habenstein, Birgit; Madiona, Karine; Olieric, Vincent; Böckmann, Anja; Meier, Beat H.; Melki, Ronald

    2013-10-01

    α-synuclein aggregation is implicated in a variety of diseases including Parkinson’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, pure autonomic failure and multiple system atrophy. The association of protein aggregates made of a single protein with a variety of clinical phenotypes has been explained for prion diseases by the existence of different strains that propagate through the infection pathway. Here we structurally and functionally characterize two polymorphs of α-synuclein. We present evidence that the two forms indeed fulfil the molecular criteria to be identified as two strains of α-synuclein. Specifically, we show that the two strains have different structures, levels of toxicity, and in vitro and in vivo seeding and propagation properties. Such strain differences may account for differences in disease progression in different individuals/cell types and/or types of synucleinopathies.

  1. Structural characterization and lipid composition of acquired cholesteatoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloksgaard, Maria; Svane-Knudsen, Viggo; Sørensen, Jens A

    2012-01-01

    HYPOTHESIS: The goal of this work is to characterize the morphology and lipid composition of acquired cholesteatoma. We hypothesize that constitutive lipid membranes are present in the cholesteatoma and resemble those found in human skin stratum corneum. METHODS: We performed a comparative...... noninvasive structural and lipid compositional study of acquired cholesteatoma and control human skin using multiphoton excitation fluorescence microscopy-related techniques and high-performance thin-layer chromatography. RESULTS: The structural arrangement of the cholesteatoma is morphologically invariant...... along a depth of more than 200 μm and resembles the stratum corneum of hyperorthokeratotic skin. Lipid compositional analyses of the cholesteatoma show the presence of all major lipid classes found in normal skin stratum corneum (ceramides, long chain fatty acids, and cholesterol). Consistent with this...

  2. Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drapak, S.I. [Frantsevich Institute of Materials Science Problems, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Chernivtsi Department, 5 Iryna Vilde Str., 58001 Chernivtsi (Ukraine)]. E-mail: drapak@unicom.cv.ua; Bakhtinov, A.P. [Frantsevich Institute of Materials Science Problems, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Chernivtsi Department, 5 Iryna Vilde Str., 58001 Chernivtsi (Ukraine); Gavrylyuk, S.V. [Frantsevich Institute of Materials Science Problems, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Chernivtsi Department, 5 Iryna Vilde Str., 58001 Chernivtsi (Ukraine); Drapak, I.T. [Chernivtsi National University, 2 Kotsyubynskii Str., 58012 Chernivtsi (Ukraine); Kovalyuk, Z.D. [Frantsevich Institute of Materials Science Problems, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Chernivtsi Department, 5 Iryna Vilde Str., 58001 Chernivtsi (Ukraine)

    2006-10-31

    We have performed structural and optical characterizations of the propolis (an organic entity of biological nature) films grown on various non-organic substrates. The films were grown from a propolis melt or a propolis alcohol solution. The crystal structure has been observed in the films precipitated from the solution onto substrates such as an amorphous glass and sapphire or semiconductor indium monoselenide. For any growth method, the propolis film is a semiconductor with the bandgap of 3.07 eV at 300 K that is confirmed by a maximum in photoluminescence spectra at 2.86 eV. We argue that propolis films might be used in various optoelectronic device applications.

  3. Thermo-luminescent dosimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reither, M; Schorn, B; Schneider, E

    1981-01-01

    The development of paediatric radiology which began in the late 195O's has been characterised by the need to limit the dose of ionising radiation to which the child is subjected. The aim has been to keep radiation exposure as low as possible by the introduction of suitable techniques and by the development of new methods. It is therefore surprising that studies in dosimetry in the paediaytric age range have only been carried out in recent years. One reason for this may have been the fact that a suitable technique of measurement was not available at the time. The introduction of solid state dosimetry based on thermo-luminescence, first into radiotherapy (1968) and subsequently into radiodiagnosis, has made it possible to abandon the previously widely used ionisation chamber. The purpose of the present paper is to indicate the suitability of this form of dose measurement for paediatric radiological purposes and to stimulate its application in this field.

  4. Persistent luminescence nanothermometers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín Rodríguez, Emma; López-Peña, Gabriel; Montes, Eduardo; Lifante, Ginés; García Solé, José; Jaque, Daniel; Diaz-Torres, Luis Armando; Salas, Pedro

    2017-08-01

    Persistent phosphorescence nanoparticles emitting in the red and near-infrared spectral regions are strongly demanded as contrast nanoprobes for autofluorescence free bioimaging and biosensing. In this work, we have developed Sr4Al14O25:Eu2+, Cr3+, Nd3+ nanopowders that produce persistent red phosphorescence peaking at 694 nm generated by Cr3+ ions. This emission displays temperature sensitivity in the physiological temperature range (20-60 °C), which makes these nanoparticles potentially useful as fluorescence (contactless) nanothermometers operating without requiring optical excitation. Nd3+ ions, which act as shallow electron traps for the red Cr3+ persistent emission, also display infrared emission bands, extending the fluorescence imaging capability to the second biological window. This unique combination of properties makes these nanoparticles multifunctional luminescent probes with great potential applications in nanomedicine.

  5. Engineering characterization of ground motion. Task II: Soil structure interaction effects on structural response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luco, J E; Wong, H L [Structural and Earthquake Engineering Consultants, Inc., Sierra Madre, CA (United States); Chang, C -Y; Power, M S; Idriss, I M [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Walnut Creek, CA (United States)

    1986-08-01

    This report presents the results of part of a two-task study on the engineering characterization of earthquake ground motion for nuclear power plant design. The overall objective of this research program sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) is to develop recommendations for methods for selecting design response spectra or acceleration time histories to be used to characterize motion at the foundation level of nuclear power plants. Task I of the study, which is presented in Vol. 1 of NUREG/CR-3805, developed a basis for selecting design response spectra taking into account the characteristics of free-field ground motion found to be significant in causing structural damage. Task II incorporates additional considerations of effects of spatial variations of ground motions and soil-structure interaction on foundation motions and structural response. The results of Task II are presented in Vols. 2 through of NUREG/CR-3805 as follows: Vol. 2 effects of ground motion characteristics on structural response considering localized structural nonlinearities and soil-structure interaction effects; Vol. 3 observational data on spatial variations of earthquake ground motions; Vol. 4 soil-structure interaction effects on structural response; and Vol. 5, summary based on Tasks I and II studies. This report presents the results of the Vol. 4 studies.

  6. Excitonic surface polaritons in luminescence from ZnTe crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brodin, M.S.; Bandura, V.M.; Matsko, M.G.

    1984-01-01

    The form and structure of reflection and exciton-polariton luminescence spectra of ZnTe crystals are studied in the region of the ground (n = 1) exciton state. The longitudinal-transverse splitting magnitude ΔE/sub LT/ is determined from the shape of the reflection spectra. A detected doublet structure of an emission band from the lower polariton branch is associated with the k-linear term. The evolution of bulk and surface polariton luminescence spectra versus temperature and wavelength of the exciting light is investigated. (author)

  7. Excitonic surface polaritons in luminescence from ZnTe crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodin, M.S.; Bandura, V.M.; Matsko, M.G. (AN Ukrainskoj SSR, Kiev. Inst. Fiziki)

    1984-10-01

    The form and structure of reflection and exciton-polariton luminescence spectra of ZnTe crystals are studied in the region of the ground (n = 1) exciton state. The longitudinal-transverse splitting magnitude ..delta..E/sub LT/ is determined from the shape of the reflection spectra. A detected doublet structure of an emission band from the lower polariton branch is associated with the k-linear term. The evolution of bulk and surface polariton luminescence spectra versus temperature and wavelength of the exciting light is investigated.

  8. Fabrication and characterization of GaP/polymer nanocomposites for advanced light emissive device structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pyshkin, S. L.; Ballato, J.; Luzinov, I.; Zdyrko, B.

    2011-01-01

    GaP nanoparticles have been prepared using white P and a mild aqueous synthesis at decreased temperature followed by ultrasonication and stored as the suspension in water–ethanol mixture. They were characterized by standard methods of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Raman light scattering, and photoluminescence. Properties of GaP nanoparticles were compared with industrial and specially grown perfect GaP single crystals. It was shown that the GaP nanoparticles in suspension are the most suitable for high quality GaP/polymers nanocomposites because only they are uniform with dimensions of about 10 nm which is optimal for appearance of the pronounced quantum confinement effect. Polyglycidyl methacrylate (PGMA), polyglycidyl methacrylate-co-polyoligoethyleneglycol methacrylate (PGMA-co-POEGMA), and biphenyl vinyl ether (BPVE) polymers were used to prepare GaP polymer nanocomposites. The thickness of the polymer nanocomposite film was about 250–300 nm defined from AFM scratch experiment. The resulting nanocomposites yielded a bright luminescence at room temperature in a broad band with the maximum ranging from 2.5 to 3.2 eV and showed pronounced quantum confinement effects and other interesting and important for application phenomena leading to dramatic 1 eV expansion of GaP luminescence to the UV spectral region.

  9. Reflection measurements for luminescent powders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroon, R. E.

    2018-04-01

    Luminescent materials are useful in applications varying from lighting and display technologies to document security features and medical research, amongst many others. Measurement of the excitation range is an important consideration, and absorption bands are often determined from a decrease in the measured diffuse reflectance of the material using a ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometer with an integrating sphere. Such a system may provide questionable results when used to measure the reflectance of a luminescence material, which is demonstrated for a Tb doped silica phosphor, because the system cannot differentiate between the reflected light and luminescence. It is shown that more reliable results are achieved for this phosphor by measuring the reflectance using a synchronous zero-offset scan in a fluorescence spectrometer equipped with an integrating sphere. This method is therefore recommended instead of traditional reflectance measurements using a UV-vis spectrophotometer for luminescent powders.

  10. Structural characterization of galactomannan from Cassia fistula seeds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Leonira M. da; Pires, Natalia R.; Sampaio, Joao Victor F.T. de; Cunha, Pablyana L.R.; Maciel, Jeanny da S.

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this paper was the partially structural characterization of galactomannan from endosperm Brasilian seeds of Cassia fistula (Caesalpinaceae Family). On the literature it is reported a few data related to structural characterization from this galactomannan from Indian species. The galactomannan was obtained by water extraction followed for precipitation with ethanol. The galactomannan yield in relation to seed mass was 27%. The intrinsic viscosity [η] value and Viscosity average molecular weight (M v ) obtained to GCF were 9,73 dL/g and 1.11 x 10 6 g/mol respectively. The peak molar mass (Mpk) obtained by GPC is 1.9 x 10 5 g/mol, the mannose:galactose (Man:Gal) ratio (3.2:1), amount of protein (7.52%) and uronic acid (3.2%) were similar to values reported for galactomannan extracted from other Cassia seeds. The analysis of δ 77.0 - 76.0 region on 13 NMR attributed to C-4 of mannose residue is coherent with the Man:Gal ratio about 3:1. (author)

  11. Amyloid oligomer structure characterization from simulations: A general method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, Phuong H., E-mail: phuong.nguyen@ibpc.fr [Laboratoire de Biochimie Théorique, UPR 9080, CNRS Université Denis Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité IBPC, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); Li, Mai Suan [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Derreumaux, Philippe, E-mail: philippe.derreumaux@ibpc.fr [Laboratoire de Biochimie Théorique, UPR 9080, CNRS Université Denis Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité IBPC, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); Institut Universitaire de France, 103 Bvd Saint-Germain, 75005 Paris (France)

    2014-03-07

    Amyloid oligomers and plaques are composed of multiple chemically identical proteins. Therefore, one of the first fundamental problems in the characterization of structures from simulations is the treatment of the degeneracy, i.e., the permutation of the molecules. Second, the intramolecular and intermolecular degrees of freedom of the various molecules must be taken into account. Currently, the well-known dihedral principal component analysis method only considers the intramolecular degrees of freedom, and other methods employing collective variables can only describe intermolecular degrees of freedom at the global level. With this in mind, we propose a general method that identifies all the structures accurately. The basis idea is that the intramolecular and intermolecular states are described in terms of combinations of single-molecule and double-molecule states, respectively, and the overall structures of oligomers are the product basis of the intramolecular and intermolecular states. This way, the degeneracy is automatically avoided. The method is illustrated on the conformational ensemble of the tetramer of the Alzheimer's peptide Aβ{sub 9−40}, resulting from two atomistic molecular dynamics simulations in explicit solvent, each of 200 ns, starting from two distinct structures.

  12. Characterization of monomeric intermediates during VSV glycoprotein structural transition.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurélie A Albertini

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Entry of enveloped viruses requires fusion of viral and cellular membranes, driven by conformational changes of viral glycoproteins. Crystal structures provide static pictures of pre- and post-fusion conformations of these proteins but the transition pathway remains elusive. Here, using several biophysical techniques, including analytical ultracentrifugation, circular dichroïsm, electron microscopy and small angle X-ray scattering, we have characterized the low-pH-induced fusogenic structural transition of a soluble form of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV glycoprotein G ectodomain (G(th, aa residues 1-422, the fragment that was previously crystallized. While the post-fusion trimer is the major species detected at low pH, the pre-fusion trimer is not detected in solution. Rather, at high pH, G(th is a flexible monomer that explores a large conformational space. The monomeric population exhibits a marked pH-dependence and adopts more elongated conformations when pH decreases. Furthermore, large relative movements of domains are detected in absence of significant secondary structure modification. Solution studies are complemented by electron micrographs of negatively stained viral particles in which monomeric ectodomains of G are observed at the viral surface at both pH 7.5 and pH 6.7. We propose that the monomers are intermediates during the conformational change and thus that VSV G trimers dissociate at the viral surface during the structural transition.

  13. Cloning, expression, and preliminary structural characterization of RTN-1C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fazi, Barbara; Melino, Sonia; Sano, Federica Di; Cicero, Daniel O.; Piacentini, Mauro; Paci, Maurizio

    2006-01-01

    Reticulons (RTNs) are endoplasmic reticulum-associated proteins widely distributed in plants, yeast, and animals. They are characterized by unique N-terminal parts and a common 200 amino acid C-terminal domain containing two long hydrophobic sequences. Despite their implication in many cellular processes, their molecular structure and function are still largely unknown. In this study, the reticulon family member RTN-1C has been expressed and purified in Escherichia coli and its molecular structure has been analysed by fluorescence and CD spectroscopy in different detergents in order to obtain a good solubility and a relative stability. The isotopically enriched protein has been also produced to perform structural studies by NMR spectroscopy. The preliminary results obtained showed that RTN-1C protein possesses helical transmembrane segments when a membrane-like environment is produced by detergents. Moreover, fluorescence experiments indicated the exposure of tryptophan side chains as predicted by structure prediction programs. We also produced the isotopically labelled protein and the procedure adopted allowed us to plan future NMR studies to investigate the biochemical behaviour of reticulon-1C and of its peptides spanning out from the membrane

  14. Ambazone-lipoic acid salt: Structural and thermal characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kacso, Irina [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath street, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Racz, Csaba-Pal; Santa, Szabolcs [Babes-Bolyai' University, Faculty of Chemistry, 11 Arany Janos street, Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Rus, Lucia [' Iuliu Hatieganu' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, 6 Louis Pasteur street, 400349 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Dadarlat, Dorin; Borodi, Gheorghe [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath street, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Bratu, Ioan, E-mail: ibratu@gmail.com [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath street, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2012-12-20

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Salt of Ambazone with lipoic acid obtained by solvent-drop grinding. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ambazone lipoate salt crystallizes in monoclinic system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer FTIR data suggest the deprotonation of the lipoic acid. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal behaviour different of ambazone salt as compared to the starting compounds. - Abstract: A suitable method for increasing the solubility, dissolution rate and consequently the bioavailability of poor soluble acidic or basic drugs is their salt formation. The aim of this study is to investigate the structural and thermal properties of the compound obtained by solvent drop grinding (SDG) method at room temperature, starting from the 1:1 molar ratios of ambazone (AMB) and {alpha}-lipoic acid (LA). The structural characterization was performed with X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The thermal behaviour of the obtained compound (AMB{center_dot}LA) was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG). The photopyroelectric calorimetry, in front detection configuration (FPPE), was applied to measure and compare the room temperature values of one dynamic thermal parameter (thermal effusivity) for starting and resulting compounds. Both structural and supporting calorimetric techniques pointed out a salt structure for AMB{center_dot}LA compound as compared to those of the starting materials.

  15. Sol–gel synthesis and luminescence of undoped and Mn-doped zinc orthosilicate phosphor nanocomposites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El Ghoul, J., E-mail: ghoultn@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux et des Nanomatériaux Appliquée à l’Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Gabès, Cité Erriadh Manara Zrig, 6072 Gabès (Tunisia); El Mir, L. [Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux et des Nanomatériaux Appliquée à l’Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Gabès, Cité Erriadh Manara Zrig, 6072 Gabès (Tunisia); Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), College of Sciences, Departement of Physics, Riyadh 11623 (Saudi Arabia)

    2014-04-15

    Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Mn particles embedded in SiO{sub 2} host matrix prepared by sol gel method under supercritical conditions of ethyl alcohol in two steps. Were prepared by a simple solid-phase reaction under natural atmosphere at 1200 °C after the incorporation of ZnO and ZnO:Mn nanoparticles, respectively, in silica monolith. In the case of SiO{sub 2}/Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} nanocomposite, the powder with an average particle size of 80 nm shows a strong luminescence band centred at around 760 nm in the visible range. In addition, the PL spectrum for the SiO{sub 2}/Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Mn nanocomposite showed that a dominant peak at 525 nm appeared, which originated from the {sup 4}T{sub 1}–{sup 6}A{sub 1} transitions of Mn{sup 2+} ions. The luminescence properties of nanocomposites were characterized by emission and excitation spectra as well their dependencies of upon temperature and power excitation density. -- Highlights: • The Synthesis of Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} nanocomposites. • Structural and optical characterizations of Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Mn nanocomposites. • The willemite α-Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} structure was formed to the heat treatment temperature 1200 °C. • The powder exhibits a nanometric size. • Strong bands of luminescence have appeared.

  16. Characterization of adhesive from oysters: A structural and compositional study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberts, Erik

    The inability for man-made adhesives to set in wet or humid environments is an ongoing challenging the design of biomedical and marine adhesive materials. However, we see that nature has already overcome this challenge. Mussels, barnacles, oysters and sandcastle worms all have unique mechanisms by which they attach themselves to surfaces. By understanding what evolution has already spent millions of years perfecting, we can design novel adhesive materials inspired by nature's elegant designs. The well-studied mussel is currently the standard for design of marine inspired biomimetic polymers. In the work presented here, we aim to provide new insights into the adhesive produced by the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Unlike the mussel, which produces thread-like plaques comprised of DOPA containing-protein, the oyster secretes an organic-inorganic hybrid adhesive as it settles and grows onto a surface. This form of adhesion renders the oyster to be permanently fixed in place. Over time, hundreds of thousands of oyster grow and agglomerate to form extensive reef structures. These reefs are not only essential to survival of the oyster, but are also vital to intertidal ecosystems. While the shell of the oyster has been extensively studied, curiously, only a few conflicting insights have been made into the nature of the adhesive and contact zone between shell and substrate, and even lesfs information has been ascertained on organic and inorganic composition. In this work, we provide microscopy and histochemical studies to characterize the structure and composition of the adhesive, using oyster in the adult and juvenile stages of life. Preliminary work on extracting and characterizing organic components through collaborative help with solid-state NMR (SSNMR) and proteomics are also detailed here. We aim to provide a full, comprehensive characterization of oyster adhesive so that in the future, we may apply what we learn to the design of new materials.

  17. Luminescence enhancement in irradiated polyethylene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charlesby, A.; Owen, G.P.

    1976-01-01

    Results are presented for the luminescence decay in polyethylene following irradiation at liquid nitrogen temperature and its enhancement on application of an electric field. It is found that both the luminescence enhancement and its subsequent decay may be described by a model involving electron tunnelling from a monoenergetic trap distribution to the parent positive ion. The possible nature of the trap is briefly discussed. (author)

  18. Study of the luminescence properties of a natural amazonite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correcher, V., E-mail: v.correcher@ciemat.es [CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 22, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Garcia-Guinea, J. [Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain)

    2011-09-15

    Most gemstones, being natural materials (silicates, carbonates, phosphates, etc.), exhibit luminescence emission. This property could be potentially employed for personal dosimetry in the case of radiation accident or radiological terrorism where conventional monitoring has not been established. We, herein, report on the thermoluminescence (TL), radioluminescence (RL) and infra-red stimulated luminescence (IRSL) response of a well-characterised natural amazonite (KAlSi{sub 3}O{sub 8}) that, due to its bright blue-green colour when polished, is used as a gemstone. The luminescence emission wavelengths, intensities and thermal kinetics of the amazonite luminescence curves reveal that the ultraviolet band measured on amazonite aliquots is similar to other common K-rich feldspars. On this basis, one can conclude (i) association between twinning and the UV-blue TL emission can be related to structural defects located in the twin-domain boundaries where ionic alkali-self-diffusion, irreversible water losses and irreversible dehydroxylation processes can be involved. (ii) Amazonite exhibits a complex structure with several planar defects (twinning and exsolution interphases which can hold hydroxyl groups, water molecules, etc.) and point defects (impurities, Na, Pb, Mn, etc.) that can act as luminescence centres, and in fact, green and red emissions are respectively associated with the presence of Mn and Fe impurities. Finally, (iv) the thermal stability tests performed on the TL emission of the amazonite confirm a continuum in the trap distribution, i.e. progressive changes in the glow curve shape, intensity and temperature position of the maximum peak.

  19. Surfactant mediated hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of GdPO{sub 4}: Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} @ GdPO{sub 4} core shell nanorods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khajuria, Heena; Ladol, Jigmet; Khajuria, Sonika; Shah, Mohd Syed; Sheikh, H.N., E-mail: hnsheikh@rediffmail.com

    2016-08-15

    Highlights: • Core shell nanorods were synthesised by surfactant assisted hydrothermal method. • Morphology of core shell nanorods resembles those of core nanorods indicating coating of shell on cores. • More uniform and non-aggregated core shell nanorods were prepared in presence of surfactants. • Surfactant assisted prepared core shell nanorods show intense emission as compared to uncoated core nanorods. - Abstract: Core shell GdPO{sub 4}: Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} @ GdPO{sub 4} nanorods were synthesized via hydrothermal route in the presence of different surfactants [cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and Sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS)]. The nanorods were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and photoluminescence (PL) studies. The X-ray diffraction results indicate good crystallinity and effective doping in core and core shell nanorods. SEM and TEM micrographs show that all of the as prepared gadolinium phosphate products have rod like shape. The compositional analysis of GdPO{sub 4}: Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} core was done by EDS. The emission intensity of the GdPO{sub 4}: Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} @ GdPO{sub 4} core shell increased significantly with respect to those of GdPO{sub 4}: Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} core nanorods. The effect of surfactant on the uniformity, thickness and luminescence of the core shell nanorods was investigated.

  20. Function Discovery and Structural Characterization of a Methylphosphonate Esterase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiang, Dao Feng [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Patskovsky, Yury [Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Nemmara, Venkatesh V. [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Toro, Rafael [Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Almo, Steven C. [Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Raushel, Frank M. [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)

    2015-05-12

    Pmi1525, an enzyme of unknown function from Proteus mirabilis HI4320 and the amidohydrolase superfamily, was cloned, purified to homogeneity, and functionally characterized. The three-dimensional structure of Pmi1525 was determined with zinc and cacodylate bound in the active site (PDB id: 3RHG). We also determined the structure with manganese and butyrate in the active site (PDB id: 4QSF). Pmi1525 folds as a distorted (β/α)8-barrel that is typical for members of the amidohydrolase superfamily and cog1735. Moreover, the substrate profile for Pmi1525 was determined via a strategy that marshaled the utilization of bioinformatics, structural characterization, and focused library screening. The protein was found to efficiently catalyze the hydrolysis of organophosphonate and carboxylate esters. The best substrates identified for Pmi1525 are ethyl 4-nitrophenylmethyl phosphonate (kcat and kcat /Km values of 580 s–1 and 1.2 × 105 M–1 s–1, respectively) and 4-nitrophenyl butyrate (kcat and kcat /Km values of 140 s–1 and 1.4 × 105 M–1 s–1, respectively). Pmi1525 is stereoselective for the hydrolysis of chiral methylphosphonate esters. The enzyme hydrolyzes the (SP)-enantiomer of isobutyl 4-nitrophenyl methylphosphonate 14 times faster than the corresponding (RP)-enantiomer. The catalytic properties of this enzyme make it an attractive template for the evolution of novel enzymes for the detection, destruction, and detoxification of organophosphonate nerve agents.

  1. Luminescence studies of molecular materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miller, P.F.

    2000-01-01

    Molecular materials have been widely studied for their potential uses in novel semiconductor devices. They occupy the intellectually interesting area between molecular and bulk descriptions of matter, and as such often have unique and useful characteristics. The design and engineering of these structures is inter-disciplinary in its nature, embracing the fields of physics, electrical engineering and both synthetic and physical chemistry. In this thesis luminescence studies of molecular materials will be presented that probe the nature of the excited states in two promising semiconductor systems. Luminescence techniques provide a powerful and sensitive tool in the investigation of kinetic pathways of radiative and non-radiative emission from these samples. This is particularly appropriate here, as the materials being studied are of potential use in electroluminescent devices. The suitability of photoluminescence techniques comes from both the electroluminescence and photoluminescence sharing the same emitting state. The first class of material studied here is an organic semiconducting polymer, cyano-substituted polyphenylenevinylene (CN-PPV). Conjugated polymers combine semiconducting electronic properties with favourable processing properties and offer the possibility of tuning their optical and electronic properties chemically. The cyanosubstitution increases the electron affinity of the polymer backbone, facilitating electron injection in light-emitting diodes. The polymers are soluble in solvents such as toluene and chloroform due the presence of alkoxy sidegroups. CdSe semiconductor nanocrystals are the other class of material characterised in this work. Semiconductor nanocrystals exhibit interesting size-tunable optical properties due to the confinement of the electronic wave functions. Characterisation of samples produced by different synthetic routes has been carried out to demonstrate the advantages of a novel synthetic method in terms of physical and

  2. Structural investigation and luminescence of nanocrystalline lanthanide doped NaNbO{sub 3} and Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pin, Sonia [Paul Scherrer Institute, General Energy Research (ENE), Laboratory for Bioenergy and Catalysis, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Piccinelli, Fabio [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Universita di Verona and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37134 Verona (Italy); Upendra Kumar, Kagola [Grupo de Fotonica e Fluidos Complexos, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceio-AL (Brazil); Enzo, Stefano [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Sassari, 07100 Sassari (Italy); Ghigna, Paolo [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Pavia, V.le Taramelli 16, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Cannas, Carla; Musinu, Anna [Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Universita di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria Monserrato, I-09042 Cagliari (Italy); Mariotto, Gino [Dipartimento di Informatica, Universita di Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37134 Verona (Italy); Bettinelli, Marco [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Universita di Verona and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37134 Verona (Italy); Speghini, Adolfo, E-mail: adolfo.speghini@univr.it [Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Universita di Verona and INSTM, UdR Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, I-37134 Verona (Italy)

    2012-12-15

    Nd{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} doped NaNbO{sub 3} and Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} nanostructured multiferroics (nanoparticles or nanorods) were prepared by a sol-gel route. X-Ray powder diffraction results evidence that the sodium and mixed sodium-potassium niobates show orthorhombic (Pmc2{sub 1} space group), and monoclinic structure (Pm space group), respectively, confirmed by the Raman spectra. The local structure around the trivalent lanthanides was investigated with Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy at the Ln-K edge and luminescence spectroscopy. The Ln{sup 3+} ions enter the structure by substituting the alkali metals, with a 12-fold oxygen coordination, and inducing a large amount of static disorder. The visible emission bands of the Eu{sup 3+} ions indicate that multiple sites exist for the lanthanide ions, in agreement with the EXAFS results showing the largest amount of static disorder in these samples. A possible indication of clustering of oxygen vacancies around the Ln{sub Na} Double-Prime defect is obtained by VBS calculations. - Graphical Abstract: Ln{sup 3+} doped NaNbO{sub 3} and Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} nanoparticles or nanorods can be prepared by a simple sol-gel procedure. The synergy of X-ray diffraction, EXAFS and luminescence spectroscopy gives important information on the Ln{sup 3+} local environment. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nd{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} doped NaNbO{sub 3} and Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3} nanoparticles or nanorods are prepared by sol-gel. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EXAFS indicates that the Ln{sup 3+} ions substitutes the Na{sup +} and K{sup +} ions, inducing a large amount of static disorder. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The visible emission bands of the Eu{sup 3+} ions confirm that multiple sites exist for the lanthanide ions.

  3. Modified ferrite core-shell nanoparticles magneto-structural characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klekotka, Urszula; Piotrowska, Beata; Satuła, Dariusz; Kalska-Szostko, Beata

    2018-06-01

    In this study, ferrite nanoparticles with core-shell structures and different chemical compositions of both the core and shell were prepared with success. Proposed nanoparticles have in the first and second series magnetite core, and the shell is composed of a mixture of ferrites with Fe3+, Fe2+ and M ions (where M = Co2+, Mn2+ or Ni2+) with a general composition of M0.5Fe2.5O4. In the third series, the composition is inverted, the core is composed of a mixture of ferrites and as a shell magnetite is placed. Morphology and structural characterization of nanoparticles were done using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Infrared spectroscopy (IR). While room temperature magnetic properties were measured using Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS). It is seen from Mössbauer measurements that Co always increases hyperfine magnetic field on Fe atoms at RT, while Ni and Mn have opposite influences in comparison to pure Fe ferrite, regardless of the nanoparticles structure.

  4. A structural framework for anomalous change detection and characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prasad, Lakshman [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Theiler, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    We present a spatially adaptive scheme for automatically searching a pair of images of a scene for unusual and interesting changes. Our motivation is to bring into play structural aspects of image features alongside the spectral attributes used for anomalous change detection (ACD). We leverage a small but informative subset of pixels, namely edge pixels of the images, as anchor points of a Delaunay triangulation to jointly decompose the images into a set of triangular regions, called trixels, which are spectrally uniform. Such decomposition helps in image regularization by simple-function approximation on a feature-adaptive grid. Applying ACD to this trixel grid instead of pixels offers several advantages. It allows: (1) edge-preserving smoothing of images, (2) speed-up of spatial computations by significantly reducing the representation of the images, and (3) the easy recovery of structure of the detected anomalous changes by associating anomalous trixels with polygonal image features. The latter facility further enables the application of shape-theoretic criteria and algorithms to characterize the changes and recognize them as interesting or not. This incorporation of spatial information has the potential to filter out some spurious changes, such as due to parallax, shadows, and misregistration, by identifying and filtering out those that are structurally similar and spatially pervasive. Our framework supports the joint spatial and spectral analysis of images, potentially enabling the design of more robust ACD algorithms.

  5. Characterization of photonic structures using visible and infrared polarimetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kral Z.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Photonic Crystals are materials with a spatial periodic variation of the refractive index on the wavelength scale. This confers these materials interesting photonic properties such as the existence of photonic bands and forbidden photon frequency ranges, the photonic band gaps. Among their applications it is worth mentioning the achievement of low-threshold lasers and high-Q resonant cavities. A particular case of the Photonic Crystals is well-known and widely studied since a long time: the periodic thin film coatings. The characterization of thin film coatings is a classical field of study with a very well established knowledge. However, characterization of 2D and 3D photonic crystals needs to be studied in detail as it poses new problems that have to be solved. In this sense, Polarimetry is a specially suited tool given their inherent anisotropy: photonic bands depend strongly on the propagation direction and on polarization. In this work we show how photonic crystal structures can be characterized using polarimetry equipment. We compare the numerical modeling of the interaction of the light polarization with the photonic crystal with the polarimetry measurements. With the S-Matrix formalism, the Mueller matrix of a Photonic Crystal for a given wavelength, angle of incidence and propagation direction can be obtained. We will show that useful information from polarimetry (and also from spectrometry can be obtained when multivariate spectra are considered. We will also compare the simulation results with Polarimetry measurements on different kinds of samples: macroporous silicon photonic crystals in the near-IR range and Laser-Interference-Lithography nanostructured photoresist.

  6. SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BIS-(2-HYDROXYBENZALDEHYDEDIAMINOGUANIZONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Dragancea, Vladimir B. Arion, Sergiu Shova

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The new ligand, bis(2-hydroxybenzaldehydediaminoguanizone (1 has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and 1H NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structure of the compound was determined by X-ray diffraction. The ligand C15H15N5O2·C2H5OH crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with unit cell parameters a = 8.9102(3, b = 10.0357(3, c = 19.7618(6 Å, β = 98.385(2°, Z = 4, V = 1748.21(9 Å3, R1 = 0.040. The amino form of the ligand adopts a planar conformation stabilized by two intramolecular hydrogen bonds of the type O–H···N, in which the H atoms of the central amino group are directed to the lone-pair regions of the azomethine nitrogen atoms.

  7. Characterization of Thermal and Mechanical Impact on Aluminum Honeycomb Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Christen M.

    2013-01-01

    This study supports NASA Kennedy Space Center's research in the area of intelligent thermal management systems and multifunctional thermal systems. This project addresses the evaluation of the mechanical and thermal properties of metallic cellular solid (MCS) materials; those that are lightweight; high strength, tunable, multifunctional and affordable. A portion of the work includes understanding the mechanical properties of honeycomb structured cellular solids upon impact testing under ambient, water-immersed, liquid nitrogen-cooled, and liquid nitrogen-immersed conditions. Additionally, this study will address characterization techniques of the aluminum honeycomb's ability to resist multiple high-rate loadings or impacts in varying environmental conditions, using various techniques for the quantitative and qualitative determination for commercial applicability.

  8. Tensile Characterization of FRP Rods for Reinforced Concrete Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micelli, F.; Nanni, A.

    2003-07-01

    The application of FRP rods as an internal or external reinforcement in new or damaged concrete structures is based on the development of design equations that take into account the mechanical properties of FRP material systems.The measurement of mechanical characteristics of FRP requires a special anchoring and protocol, since it is well known that these characteristics depend on the direction and content of fibers. In this study, an effective tensile test method is described for the mechanical characterization of FRP rods. Twelve types of glass and carbon FRP specimens with different sizes and surface characteristics were tested to validate the procedure proposed. In all, 79 tensile tests were performed, and the results obtained are discussed in this paper. Recommendations are given for specimen preparation and test setup in order to facilitate the further investigation and standardization of the FRP rods used in civil engineering.

  9. Structural Characterization of Core Region in Erwinia amylovora Lipopolysaccharide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Casillo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Erwinia amylovora (E. amylovora is the first bacterial plant pathogen described and demonstrated to cause fire blight, a devastating plant disease affecting a wide range of species including a wide variety of Rosaceae. In this study, we reported the lipopolysaccharide (LPS core structure from E. amylovora strain CFBP1430, the first one for an E. amylovora highly pathogenic strain. The chemical characterization was performed on the mutants waaL (lacking only the O-antigen LPS with a complete LPS-core, wabH and wabG (outer-LPS core mutants. The LPSs were isolated from dry cells and analyzed by means of chemical and spectroscopic methods. In particular, they were subjected to a mild acid hydrolysis and/or a hydrazinolysis and investigated in detail by one and two dimensional Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR spectroscopy and ElectroSpray Ionization Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance (ESI FT-ICR mass spectrometry.

  10. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of ZnS Quantum Dots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Selim, H.; Khalil, M.M.H.; Al-Kotb, M.S.; Kotkata, M.F.; Amer, H.H.

    2013-01-01

    Zinc sulfide QDs have been synthesized via a simple reaction of Zn (CH 3 COO) 2 and Na 2 S in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) acting as an anionic capping material. The structure as well as characterization of the synthesized materials has been studied by XRD, EDX, SEM, TEM, TGA and FT-IR spectroscopy. Analysis of the obtained results revealed products of zinc blende ZnS nanoparticles with an average size of 5.3±0.2 nm in diameter distributed spherically and uniformly. The UV-visible absorption spectrum of the synthesized ZnS nanoparticles reflects an energy gap of 4.30 eV

  11. Synthesis, structure characterization and catalytic activity of nickel tungstate nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pourmortazavi, Seied Mahdi; Rahimi-Nasrabadi, Mehdi; Khalilian-Shalamzari, Morteza; Zahedi, Mir Mahdi; Hajimirsadeghi, Seiedeh Somayyeh; Omrani, Ismail

    2012-01-01

    Graphical abstract: NiWO 4 nanoparticles were prepared via precipitation technique. Experimental parameters of procedure were optimized statistically. Highlights: ► NiWO 4 spherical nanoparticles were synthesized via direct precipitation method. ► Taguchi robust design was used for optimization of synthesis reaction parameters. ► Composition and structural properties of NiWO 4 nanoparticles were characterized. ► EDAX, XRD, SEM, FT-IR, UV–vis and photoluminescence techniques were employed. ► Catalytic activity of the product in a cyclo-addition reaction was investigated. - Abstract: Taguchi robust design was applied to optimize experimental parameters for controllable, simple and fast synthesis of nickel tungstate nanoparticles. NiWO 4 nanoparticles were synthesized by precipitation reaction involving addition of nickel ion solution to the tungstate aqueous reagent and then formation of nickel tungstate nucleolus which are insoluble in aqueous media. Effects of various parameters such as nickel and tungstate concentrations, flow rate of reagent addition and reactor temperature on diameter of synthesized nickel tungstate nanoparticles were investigated experimentally by the aid of orthogonal array design. The results for analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that particle size of nickel tungstate can be effectively tuned by controlling significant variables involving nickel and tungstate concentrations and flow rate; while, temperature of the reactor has a no considerable effect on the size of NiWO 4 particles. The ANOVA results proposed the optimum conditions for synthesis of nickel tungstate nanoparticles via this technique. Also, under optimum condition nanoparticles of NiWO 4 were prepared and their structure and chemical composition were characterized by means of EDAX, XRD, SEM, FT-IR spectroscopy, UV–vis spectroscopy, and photoluminescence. Finally, catalytic activity of the nanoparticles in a cycloaddition reaction was examined.

  12. Synthesis, structure characterization and catalytic activity of nickel tungstate nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pourmortazavi, Seied Mahdi, E-mail: pourmortazavi@yahoo.com [Faculty of Material and Manufacturing Technologies, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rahimi-Nasrabadi, Mehdi, E-mail: rahiminasrabadi@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khalilian-Shalamzari, Morteza [Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zahedi, Mir Mahdi; Hajimirsadeghi, Seiedeh Somayyeh [Islamic Azad University, Varamin Pishva Branch, Varamin (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Omrani, Ismail [Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    Graphical abstract: NiWO{sub 4} nanoparticles were prepared via precipitation technique. Experimental parameters of procedure were optimized statistically. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NiWO{sub 4} spherical nanoparticles were synthesized via direct precipitation method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Taguchi robust design was used for optimization of synthesis reaction parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Composition and structural properties of NiWO{sub 4} nanoparticles were characterized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EDAX, XRD, SEM, FT-IR, UV-vis and photoluminescence techniques were employed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Catalytic activity of the product in a cyclo-addition reaction was investigated. - Abstract: Taguchi robust design was applied to optimize experimental parameters for controllable, simple and fast synthesis of nickel tungstate nanoparticles. NiWO{sub 4} nanoparticles were synthesized by precipitation reaction involving addition of nickel ion solution to the tungstate aqueous reagent and then formation of nickel tungstate nucleolus which are insoluble in aqueous media. Effects of various parameters such as nickel and tungstate concentrations, flow rate of reagent addition and reactor temperature on diameter of synthesized nickel tungstate nanoparticles were investigated experimentally by the aid of orthogonal array design. The results for analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that particle size of nickel tungstate can be effectively tuned by controlling significant variables involving nickel and tungstate concentrations and flow rate; while, temperature of the reactor has a no considerable effect on the size of NiWO{sub 4} particles. The ANOVA results proposed the optimum conditions for synthesis of nickel tungstate nanoparticles via this technique. Also, under optimum condition nanoparticles of NiWO{sub 4} were prepared and their structure and chemical composition were characterized by means of EDAX, XRD, SEM, FT-IR spectroscopy, UV

  13. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of rock surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sohbati, Reza

    There are many examples of rock surfaces, rock art and stone structures whose ages are of great importance to the understanding of various phenomena in geology, climatology and archaeology. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating is a well-established chronological tool that has successfully...... to include the effects of the environmental dose rate. By fitting the model to the dose-depth variation from a single clast, four events (two light exposures of different durations each followed by a burial period) in the history of a single cobble are identified and quantified. However, the use of model...

  14. Luminescence properties of tetravalent uranium in aqueous solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kirishima, A.; Kimura, T.; Nagaishi, R.; Tochiyama, O.

    2004-01-01

    The luminescence spectra of U 4+ in aqueous solutions were observed in the UV-VIS region at ambient and liquid nitrogen temperatures. The excitation spectrum indicates that the luminescence is arising from the deexcitation of a 5f electron at the 1 S 0 level and no other emissions of U 4+ in aqueous solutions were detected for other f-f transitions. All the luminescence peaks were assigned to the transitions from 1 S 0 to lower 5f levels. To estimate the luminescence lifetime, luminescence decay curves were measured using time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. At room temperature, the decay curve indicated that the lifetime was shorter than 20 ns. On the other hand, the frozen sample of U 4+ in aqueous solution at liquid nitrogen temperature showed the same emission spectrum as at room temperature and its lifetime was 149 ns in H 2 O system and 198 ns in D 2 O system. The longer lifetime at liquid nitrogen temperature made it possible to measure the spectrum of U 4+ at the concentration as low as 10 -6 M. The difference in the anion species (ClO 4 - , Cl - , SO 4 2- ) affected the structure of the emission spectrum to some extent. (orig.)

  15. Recent Advances on Luminescent Enhancement-Based Porous Silicon Biosensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenie, S N Aisyiyah; Plush, Sally E; Voelcker, Nicolas H

    2016-10-01

    Luminescence-based detection paradigms have key advantages over other optical platforms such as absorbance, reflectance or interferometric based detection. However, autofluorescence, low quantum yield and lack of photostability of the fluorophore or emitting molecule are still performance-limiting factors. Recent research has shown the need for enhanced luminescence-based detection to overcome these drawbacks while at the same time improving the sensitivity, selectivity and reducing the detection limits of optical sensors and biosensors. Nanostructures have been reported to significantly improve the spectral properties of the emitting molecules. These structures offer unique electrical, optic and magnetic properties which may be used to tailor the surrounding electrical field of the emitter. Here, the main principles behind luminescence and luminescence enhancement-based detections are reviewed, with an emphasis on europium complexes as the emitting molecule. An overview of the optical porous silicon microcavity (pSiMC) as a biosensing platform and recent proof-of-concept examples on enhanced luminescence-based detection using pSiMCs are provided and discussed.

  16. The effect of urea:nitrate ratio on the structure and luminescence properties of YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foka, K.E., E-mail: fokake@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of the Free State (Qwaqwa), Private Bag x13, Phuthaditjhaba 9866 (South Africa); Dejene, B.F. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State (Qwaqwa), Private Bag x13, Phuthaditjhaba 9866 (South Africa); Swart, H.C. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P. O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300 (South Africa)

    2016-01-01

    YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor has been successfully synthesised using combustion method. The dependence of the properties of YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor upon urea:nitrate concentration was investigated. The single tetragonal phase was observed by x-ray diffraction spectra. A highly crystalline YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} sample was obtained when increasing the ratio of the urea to 2. The estimated crystalline sizes from the Scherrer’s formula were found to be 20, 38, 33, 30, and 27 nm for the sample prepared with the ratio of 1, 2, 2.5, 3 and 4, respectively. The formation of agglomerated particles was observed by Scanning electron microscope images and it was observed that when increasing the concentration of urea further, flake-like particles formed. The diffuse reflectance spectra of YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} with various ratios of urea indicated that the determined optical band gap was ranging from 3.3 to 2.3 eV. Luminescence properties of YVO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} showed that the phosphor emit yellow colour at 573 nm and blue colour at 482 nm corresponding to {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transitions, respectively. A very weak band at 663 nm which correspond to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 11/2} transition was also observed. It was found that the Photoluminescent emission intensity increased with an increase in the ratio of urea and reached a maximum at 2 then decreased when increasing the ratio of urea further.

  17. Facial fluid synthesis for assessment of acne vulgaris using luminescent visualization system through optical imaging and integration of fluorescent imaging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbin, Jessie R.; Dela Cruz, Jennifer C.; Camba, Clarisse O.; Gozo, Angelo D.; Jimenez, Sheena Mariz B.; Tribiana, Aivje C.

    2017-06-01

    Acne vulgaris, commonly called as acne, is a skin problem that occurs when oil and dead skin cells clog up in a person's pores. This is because hormones change which makes the skin oilier. The problem is people really do not know the real assessment of sensitivity of their skin in terms of fluid development on their faces that tends to develop acne vulgaris, thus having more complications. This research aims to assess Acne Vulgaris using luminescent visualization system through optical imaging and integration of image processing algorithms. Specifically, this research aims to design a prototype for facial fluid analysis using luminescent visualization system through optical imaging and integration of fluorescent imaging system, and to classify different facial fluids present in each person. Throughout the process, some structures and layers of the face will be excluded, leaving only a mapped facial structure with acne regions. Facial fluid regions are distinguished from the acne region as they are characterized differently.

  18. Anti-Stokes Luminescence in High Quality Quantum Wells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinattieri, A.; Bogani, F.; Miotto, A.; Ceccherini, S.

    1997-11-01

    We present a detailed investigation of the anti-Stokes (AS) luminescence which originates from exciton recombination when below gap excitation is used, in a set of high quality quantum well structures. We observe strong excitonic resonances in the AS signal as measured from photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation spectra. We demonstrate that neither the electromagnetic coupling between the wells nor the morphological disorder can explain this up-conversion effect. Time-resolved luminescence data after ps excitation and fs correlation spectroscopy results provide clear evidence of the occurrence of a two-step absorption which is assisted by the exciton population resonantly excited by the first photon.

  19. Luminescence properties of isomeric and tautomeric lanthanide pyridinedicarboxylates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Puntus, L.N.; Zolin, V.F.; Babushkina, T.A.; Kutuza, I.B.

    2004-01-01

    The luminescence and PMR spectra of europium salts of six isomers of 2,3-, 2,4-, 2,5-, 2,6-, 3,4-, and 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acids (PDA) had been studied. The distribution of the effective charge in the nearest surroundings of the Eu 3+ ion in these salts was evaluated from Stark splittings of electronic transitions. The values of relative integral intensities of electronic transitions 5 D 0 - 7 F J (J=0-4) in the luminescence spectra were reported. Compounds investigated were divided into three subgroups taking into account the details of the structure of the ligands and details of the luminescence spectra. The ligand coordination manners as well as the strength of interaction between lanthanide ion and ligands were confirmed by data of the PMR and IR spectroscopy

  20. Production and Structural Characterization of Lactobacillus helveticus Derived Biosurfactant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Deepansh; Saharan, Baljeet Singh; Chauhan, Nikhil; Bansal, Anshul; Procha, Suresh

    2014-01-01

    A probiotic strain of lactobacilli was isolated from traditional soft Churpi cheese of Yak milk and found positive for biosurfactant production. Lactobacilli reduced the surface tension of phosphate buffer saline (PBS) from 72.0 to 39.5 mNm−1 pH 7.2 and its critical micelle concentration (CMC) was found to be 2.5 mg mL−1. Low cost production of Lactobacilli derived biosurfactant was carried out at lab scale fermenter which yields 0.8 mg mL−1 biosurfactant. The biosurfactant was found least phytotoxic and cytotoxic as compared to the rhamnolipid and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) at different concentration. Structural attributes of biosurfactant were determined by FTIR, NMR (1H and 13C), UPLC-MS, and fatty acid analysis by GCMS which confirmed the presence of glycolipid type of biosurfactant closely similar to xylolipids. Biosurfactant is mainly constituted by lipid and sugar fractions. The present study outcomes provide valuable information on structural characterization of the biosurfactant produced by L. helveticus MRTL91. These findings are encouraging for the application of Lactobacilli derived biosurfactant as nontoxic surface active agents in the emerging field of biomedical applications. PMID:25506070

  1. Structural Characterization of Iron Meteorites through Neutron Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Caporali

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this communication, we demonstrate the use of neutron tomography for the structural characterization of iron meteorites. These materials prevalently consist of metallic iron with variable nickel content. Their study and classification is traditionally based on chemical and structural analysis. The latter requires cutting, polishing and chemical etching of large slabs of the sample in order to determine the average width of the largest kamacite lamellae. Although this approach is useful to infer the genetical history of these meteorites, it is not applicable to small or precious samples. On the base of different attenuation coefficient of cold neutrons for nickel and iron, neutron tomography allows the reconstruction of the Ni-rich (taenite and Ni-poor (kamacite metallic phases. Therefore, the measure of the average width of the largest kamacite lamellae could be determined in a non-destructive way. Furthermore, the size, shape, and spatial correlation between kamacite and taenite crystals were obtained more efficiently and accurately than via metallographic investigation.

  2. Synthesis, characterization and structural refinement of polycrystalline uranium substituted zirconolite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shrivastava, O.P.; Narendra Kumar; Sharma, I.B.

    2005-01-01

    Ceramic precursors of Zirconolite (CaZrTi 2 O 7 ) family have a remarkable property of substitution Zr 4+ cationic sites. This makes them potential material for nuclear waste management in 'synroc' technology. In order to simulate the mechanism of partial substitution of zirconium by tetravalent actinides, a solid phase of composition CaZr 0.95 U 0.5 Ti 2 O 7 has been synthesized through ceramic route by taking calculated quantities of oxides of Ca, Ti and nitrates of uranium and zirconium respectively. Solid state synthesis has been carried out by repeated pelletizing and sintering the finely powdered oxide mixture in a muffle furnace at 1050 degC. The polycrystalline solid phase has been characterized by its typical powder diffraction pattern. Step analysis data has been used for ab initio calculation of structural parameters. The uranium substituted zirconolite crystallizes in monoclinic symmetry with space group C2/c (15). The following unit cell parameters have been calculated: a =12.4883(15), b =7.2448(5), c 11.3973(10) an