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Sample records for states army military

  1. Military Rebellion and Reason of State : Pacification of Mutinies in the Habsburg Army of Flanders, 1599-1601

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kattenberg, L.

    2016-01-01

    The frequent mutinies in the Army of Flanders confronted the Spanish-Habsburg authorities with both military-strategic and political dilemmas. Although military rebellion violated moral and religious laws of authority, rulers depended on the army for the preservation of their state, or the power and

  2. First United States Army Observers of Military Conflicts in Post Napoleonic Europe (1855-1871)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    York Tribune, “GEN. SHERIDAN,” 5. 39 Union Army of Sheridan’s memory . Yet Prussia continued to expand and refine its military base of power for...time depicting his grand hunt of stag and boar on the palace grounds of the King of Venice then in his eyewitness account of Napoleon III’s

  3. A Content Analysis of Army Newspapers Based in the Continental United States (CONUS) to Determine Editorial Differences Between Military and Civilian Editors

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Swiergosz, Paul

    1998-01-01

    A content analysis of four civilian enterprise Army newspapers published in the United States was conducted to determine if editorial differences in content and tone existed between military and civilian editors...

  4. Erica Marat, The Military and the State in Central Asia: From Red Army to Independence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Petric

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Erica Marat is a one of the United States’ most brilliant Central Asian political scientists. She has offered numerous analyses of political transformations as presented by different think tanks and American foundations. In this book, Marat focuses on the role of the army in building state processes in contemporary Central Asian states. The book offers a wide panorama of Central Asian armies, compiling sources already published (books, reports in Russian and English etc. and some original da...

  5. Military rebellion and reason of state. Pacification of mutinies in the Habsburg Army of Flanders, 1599-1601

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Kattenberg

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The frequent mutinies in the Army of Flanders confronted the Spanish-Habsburg authorities with both military-strategic and political dilemmas. Although military rebellion violated moral and religious laws of authority, rulers depended on the army for the preservation of their state, or the power and dominion on which the integrity of their realms depended. This article focuses on the negotiations that the Spanish-Habsburg authorities conducted with their rebel soldiers in order to regain their support. One case, the negotiations during the great mutiny of Hamont (1599-1601, not only sheds new light on the practical solution to the dilemma of mutiny, but also provides insight into contemporary political discourse concerning civil and military rebellion applied to concrete moments of decision-making. Reactions of authorities were suffused with political realism and directed at the interest of the state. De vele muiterijen in het Habsburgse leger in de Nederlanden plaatsten overheden zowel militair-strategisch als politiek in een lastige positie. Militaire opstand was in strijd met moreel-religieuze wetten van koninklijk gezag, maar tegelijkertijd waren autoriteiten afhankelijk van het leger bij het behoud van hun staat, oftewel de macht en heerschappij die de basis vormden voor de samenhang van de Spaanse monarchie. Dit artikel richt zich op de onderhandelingen die de Spaans-Habsburgse autoriteiten voerden met hun opstandige soldaten om van hun diensten gebruik te kunnen blijven maken. Als casus biedt het onderhandelingsproces rond de muiterij van Hamont (1599-1601 niet alleen uniek inzicht in de praktische uitweg uit het dilemma van muiterij, maar ook in het contemporaine politieke discours rondom militaire en civiele opstanden. De reacties van autoriteiten doordrongen van politiek realisme, en doordrongen van het belang van de staat.

  6. Army Military Land Tracts (AMLT)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Geographic Data Committee — This data set is part of a collection of real estate data concerning current and historic military installations whose real property interests are managed by the...

  7. 2014 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Military Leader Findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-22

    quality of military leadership . Implicit leadership theory (Eden & Leviatan, 1975; Yukl, 7 The...Eden, D., & Leviatan, U. (1975). Implicit leadership theory as a determinant of the factor structure underlying supervisory behavior scales. Journal...2014 CENTER FOR ARMY LEADERSHIP ANNUAL SURVEY OF ARMY LEADERSHIP (CASAL): MILITARY LEADER FINDINGS TECHNICAL REPORT 2015-01

  8. Economic Value of Army Foreign Military Sales

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    34 Figure 10. Foreign Military Sales Comparative Case Study Approach ......................38 Figure 11. Sources of Cost ...analyzed 35 weapon systems across the Department of Defense (DOD) and noted that only 50% of FMS resulted in a cost savings to the United States. The sales ...The working paper titled Foreign Military Sales and U.S. Weapons Costs found that, for the most part, FMS did not produce significant cost savings

  9. Comparative analysis of field ration for military personnel of the ukrainian army and armies of other countries worldwide

    OpenAIRE

    M. Mardar; M. Hkrupalo; M. Stateva

    2017-01-01

    For the purpose of improvement of the Ukrainian nutritional standards this Article provides comparative analysis of field rations of different countries worldwide to make a proposal on improvement of food-stuff assortment in food ration for military personnel in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Army of USA, the British Army, Army of Germany, Army of Italy, Army of Canada, Army of France, Army of Belarus, Army of Armenia. In accordance with the comparative analysis it was established that ration c...

  10. USAWC (United States Army War College) Military Studies Program. Training, Motivation and Intrinsic Task Value. Essential Elements of Excellence (Readiness).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-04

    Churchman . C. West . The Systems Approach. New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1968. Downey, J. C. T. Management in the Armed Forces. Berkshire...READINESS) Lt) BY a) COLONEL CHARLES 0. HAINES 146r JAN 2 4 1985 <A 4 JUNE 1984 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is...NUMSERfe) COL Charles 0- Haines S. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEaMNT. PROJECT. TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS US Army War

  11. The Wellbeing of Army Personnel in Dual Military Marriages

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    2015) also discussed a key component to a successful dual-military marriage is navigating some key life events such as whose career takes precedence...key component to a successful dual-military marriage is navigating key life events such as whose career takes precedence, when/if the couple should...1   AD_________________ Award Number: W81XWH-12-2-0043 TITLE: The Wellbeing of Army Personnel in Dual-Military Marriages PRINCIPAL

  12. Cyber armies: the unseen military in the grid

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Aschmann, M

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Information in the Global Digital Industrial Economic Age is viewed as a strategic resource. This article focus on the establishment of cyber armies within the World Wide Web, commonly known as the Grid, with the emphases on an unseen military cyber...

  13. Comparative analysis of field ration for military personnel of the ukrainian army and armies of other countries worldwide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mardar

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available For the purpose of improvement of the Ukrainian nutritional standards this Article provides comparative analysis of field rations of different countries worldwide to make a proposal on improvement of food-stuff assortment in food ration for military personnel in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Army of USA, the British Army, Army of Germany, Army of Italy, Army of Canada, Army of France, Army of Belarus, Army of Armenia. In accordance with the comparative analysis it was established that ration composition used for the Armed Forces of Ukraine military personnel lags behind developed countries of the world both in nutrition arrangement and in nutrient composition, especially in relation to assortment and variety of ration food-stuff. Moreover, a field ration is strictly unified and doesn’t consider individual needs of military personnel in calories, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, food fibers. Selection of individual field ration takes to account only age of military personnel, i. e. individual needs related to nutrition composition such as physical abilities, level of physical activity, gender, type of occupation before military conscription and etc. are not consideredThe obtained results confirms practicability of assortment products assortment included to field rations for the purpose to correct nutrition rations towards optimal balance for military efficiency of army, adaptation of military personnel to physical and psychological loads.

  14. Military Personnel Strengths in the Army National Guard

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stewart, Derek

    2002-01-01

    The accuracy of reported personnel strength and training participation rates has a direct impact on the reliability of the Army National Guard's budget and the allocation of funds to individual states...

  15. Boards Versus Bureaucracies: Field Grade Officer Education in the United States Army, 1946-1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    poor student diversity. COL Wass de Czege claimed outdated teaching methodologies were “ spoon feeding ” fundamentals and not forcing students to “dig...Edward B. Bankston United States Army School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth...Director, School of Advanced Military Studies Thomas C. Graves, COL Accepted this 23rd day of May 2013 by: , Director, Graduate

  16. Which US States Pose the Greatest Threats to Military Readiness and Public Health? Public Health Policy Implications for a Cross-sectional Investigation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Mass Index, and Injuries Among US Army Recruits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Daniel B; Grieve, George L; Clennin, Morgan N; McLain, Alexander C; Whitsel, Laurie P; Beets, Michael W; Hauret, Keith G; Jones, Bruce H; Sarzynski, Mark A

    2018-01-09

    Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security. Sex-specific state-level values for injuries and fitness among 165 584 Army recruits were determined. Next, the relationship between median cardiorespiratory fitness and injury incidence at the state level was examined using Spearman correlations. Finally, multivariable Poisson regression models stratified by sex examined state-level associations between fitness and injury incidence, while controlling for BMI, and other covariates. Cardiorespiratory fitness and training-related injury incidence. A cluster of 10 states from the south and southeastern regions (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas) produced male or female recruits who were significantly less fit and/or more likely to become injured than recruits from other US states. Compared with the "most fit states," the incidence of injuries increased by 22% (95% CI, 17-28; P fit states," respectively. The impact of policies, systems, and environments on physical activity behavior, and subsequently fitness and health, has been clearly established. Advocacy efforts aimed at active living policies, systems, and environmental changes to improve population health often fail. However, advocating for active living policies to improve national security may prove more promising, particularly with legislators. Results from this study demonstrate how certain states, previously identified for their disproportionate public health

  17. Evolution of United States Army Deployment Operations: The Santiago Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-03

    the leader of the campaign. Secretary of War Russell Alger; Adjutant General of the United States Army, Colonel Henry Corbin ; and Commanding...Military Studies Henry A. Arnold III, COL Accepted this 23rd day of May 2015 by: _________________________________________, Director...stores and one telegraph office. The main attraction was the Tampa Bay Hotel that rested on six acres with a silver dome covering a small casino. Henry B

  18. The effect of environment factors of ladar army on neurobehavioral function of military task population

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deng Chaohui; Gong Xifen; Yu Zhengping; Zhang Yanwen; Wang Xubu; Li Caixia; An Xiaojing; Xu Qing; Pei Liping; Chen Chunhai; Guo Yan; Xu Shangcheng

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of the electromagnetic irradiation of ladar army on neurobehavioral function of military task population. Methods: 40 workers exposed to electromagnetic irradiation and 20 controls were investigated with questionnaire survey, profile of mood state and Some other neurobehavioral function tests. Results: Of all the rational symptoms, visual fatigue is ware obvious in the irradiation group and fatigue of POMS form of irradiation group have significant increased. The sum of the pursuit aiming test and the second self intercrossing test have obvious decreased. Conclusion: The mood state, hand operation ability and work efficiency in occupational people are affected by electromagnetic irradiation. (authors)

  19. The Army Method Revisited: The Historical and Theoretical Backgrounds of the Military Intensive Language Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayuk, Milla; Bayuk, Barry S.

    A program currently in use by the military that gives instruction in the so-called "sensitive" languages is based on the "Army Method" which was initiated in military language programs during World War II. Attention to the sensitive language program initiated a review of the programs, especially those conducted by the military intelligence schools…

  20. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Reciprocal state-military action. 634.16 Section 634.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC SUPERVISION Driving Privileges § 634.16...

  1. Acquisition: Army Claims Service Military Interdepartmental Purchase Requests

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2002-01-01

    .... The Army Claims Service supports the Army and the Judge Advocate General Corps by managing the Army claims system, which includes processing tort and personnel claims, and recovering funds owed...

  2. Review and Evaluation Criteria for Management of the Army Foreign Military Sales Program

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Miller, John

    1976-01-01

    .... Army's Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. Current and planned reporting and Management Information Systems used for FMS management were reviewed and recommendations made for the use of a Series of customer satisfaction and program magnitude...

  3. The Need to Change Army Policies Toward Single Parents and Dual Military Couples With Children

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carroll, Carolyn

    2005-01-01

    ... and to best manage our single parent service members and dual-military couples. There is a need to address the Army regulations that are ambiguous and contradictory toward enlisting and retaining single parents...

  4. The Military Application of Narrative: Solving Army Warfighting Challenge #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    facto coalitions to loose affiliations. 4. These challenges cannot be managed if we remain diverted by 20th-century, state- centric mindsets and...culture to local areas. 4. Strategic communications that supports these goals. 5. Corps of political entrepreneurs , civilian and military, skilled at

  5. United States Army’s Current Capability to Conduct Combined Arms Maneuver

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    result, the Army established the training centers. In the United States, the dirt training centers were the National Training Center ( NTC ) at Fort...and highly dangerous levels of military conflict.”72 The project explores the challenges of a CAM operation against the People’s Liberation Army ( PLA ...The PLA doctrine is becoming more global and not just for internal security. China’s Defense Review states that the PLA “ensures that it is well

  6. The Army National Guard: Meeting the Needs of The National Military Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-13

    AD-A274 443 "The Army National Guard: Meeting the Needs of The National Military Strategy A Monograph by Lieutenant Colonel John P. Lewis Infantry...Leave bldnk) 2. REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD: MEETING THE NEEDS OF...NATIONAL GUARD: MEETING THE NEEDS OF THE NATIONAL MILITARY STRATEGY by LTC John P. Lewis, USA 67 pages. The strategic environment significantly changed

  7. The Formation of the Military Medical System of the Korean People's Army and the Military Medical Officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seonho

    2017-12-01

    The military medical system of the Korean People's Army (KPA) first appeared in August 1946 when a central military hospita was established at the headquarters. Inside the KPA, the military medical and veteran services were first established in February 1948. The military medical officers of the KPA were those who were initially engaged in North Korea's health care sector. Most of the early military medical officers were those who had been trained in the Japanese medical system before liberation and were surgeons. After the establishment of the government in September 1948, Lee Dongwha rapidly introduced the medical system of the Soviet army into the KPA. The KPA military medical system was a mix of Soviet, Japanese and Chinese military medical systems. The medical section of the KPA was similar to that of the Japanese army, and the medical section of the lower army was similar to that of the Soviet army. The stretcher platoon of the KPA were similar to those of the Japanese and Chinese armies. The KPA mainly used Japanese medical equipment at the beginning, and after the establishment of the North Korean regime in September 1948, they were gradually replaced with Soviet products. The military medical office of the KPA were equipped with treatment rooms, laboratories, hospitals, pharmacy, and inpatient rooms. The military medical office purchased medical journals and specimens for medical research and set up a separate research fund. In addition, the military medical office was equipped with a laboratory for medical experiments and raised laboratory animals. The KPA military medical system was specialized in the fields of infectious disease prevention and preventive medicine. At the time, infectious disease in North Korea was mainly caused by bacteria and viruses in unsanitary living environments. The KPA set up a special anti-infectious disease department in consideration of the soldiers living in the collective facilities. The second characteristic of the KPA

  8. Public-academic partnerships: working together to meet the needs of Army National Guard soldiers: an academic-military partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalack, Gregory W; Blow, Adrian J; Valenstein, Marcia; Gorman, Lisa; Spinner, Jane; Marcus, Sheila; Kees, Michelle; McDonough, Susan; Greden, John F; Ames, Barbara; Francisco, Burton; Anderson, James R; Bartolacci, James; Lagrou, Robert

    2010-11-01

    The conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq have greatly increased the number of veterans returning home with combat exposure, reintegration issues, and psychiatric symptoms. National Guard soldiers face additional challenges. Unlike active duty soldiers, they do not return to military installations with access to military health services or peers. The authors describe the formation and activities of a partnership among two large state universities in Michigan and the Michigan Army National Guard, established to assess and develop programming to meet the needs of returning soldiers. The process of forming the partnership and the challenges, opportunities, and benefits arising from it are described.

  9. [Catering services bases in the Russian army under military regulation of Peter the Great].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konyshev, I S; adamenko, A M; Koshelev, V P

    2014-01-01

    At Peter I the regular army was organized and the system of target state deliveries to troops of the food is created. Provisioning and fodder was normalized as portion and ration. Portion was contained the products forpeoplefood, and ration - fodder for horses food who were used by the serviceman. Portion and ration unit was identical to all categories of the military personnel. Difference in food level consisted in that, how many portions and rations serviceman received. Up to the end of existence of Russian army in 1918 in each rota there were contractor and the cook who were engaged in foodstuff and cooking under sergeant-major and one of rota officers supervision. According to the Charter it was necessary to carry with respect and attention to officers and soldiers, their needs, including in the field of supply and catering services and providing with the food: Despite the lack of scientific justification, soldiers' nutrition was sufficient to provide fighting capacity of the Russian army.

  10. Influence of Deployment on the Use of E-Cigarettes in the United States Army and Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-22

    12. REPORT TYPE 03/22/2018 Poster 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Influence of Deployment on the Use ofE-Cigarettes in the United States Army and Air Force...how military deployment affects the e-cigarette habit and its associated behaviors among a sample of Army and Air Force service members. MATERIALS...University of Health Sciences. Data were collected at Joint Base San Antonio - Lackland, TX (July-November 2015) and Womak Army Medical Center

  11. Red Army Inc.: An Analysis of the Military-Business Complex of the People's Liberation Army

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andrews, Westmond

    1998-01-01

    .... The Central Military Commission's (CMC) adoption of the "one military, two systems" concept in the late 1980's', spurred PLA military and administrative units at every echelon to become heavily involved in business...

  12. 32 CFR 644.389 - Army military-modified predisposal procedures where E.O. 11954 surveys have been made.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military-modified predisposal procedures... (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Predisposal Action § 644.389 Army military—modified predisposal procedures where E.O. 11954 surveys have been made. (a) DEs...

  13. Annihilating time and space: The electrification of the United States Army, 1875--1920

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shannon Allen

    2000-10-01

    The United States Army embraced electrical technology in the 1870s as part of a wider initiative to meet the challenge of the coastal defense mission. As commercial power storage, generation, and transmission technology improved and the army came to recognize the value of the energy source as a means and method of improving command and control, localized electrical networks were integrated into the active service of the military. New vulnerabilities emerged as the army became ever more reliant upon electric power, however, and electrification---the institutional adoption and adaptation of electrical technologies---emerged as a very expensive and contentious process guided by technical, political, and economic pressures, and influenced by conflicting personalities within the service. This study considers the institutional evolution of the U.S. Army before and during World War I with respect to the adoption and application of electrical technology. The changing relationships between the military and electrical manufacturing and utilities industries during the period 1875--1920 are also explored. Using a combination of military archival sources and published primary materials, this study traces the effects of electrification on the army. In the end, this study proves that electrification was, at first, a symptom of, and later, a partial solution to the army's struggle to modernize and centralize during the period under consideration. Electrification produced a set of conditions that encouraged a new maturity within the ranks of the army, in technical, doctrinal, and administrative terms. This growth eventually led to the development of new capabilities, new forms of military organization, new missions, and new approaches to warfare.

  14. Army Medical Department Leaders in Military Operations Other Than War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sadlon, Gary

    2000-01-01

    .... Likewise, the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) must insure its leaders, specifically those selected to deploy world-wide, have a more diverse skill set that enables them to fully operate within the full spectrum of scenarios...

  15. Old Age, the Ancient Military, and Alexander's Army: Positive Examples for a Graying America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kebric, Robert B.

    1988-01-01

    Presents examples from ancient Greece and Rome illustrating working aged and intergenerational dependence. Describes normal active participation of elderly as officers and common soldiers in ancient military as example of their capabilities. Notes that Alexander the Great's army, in particular, depended on contributions of older men. (Author/NB)

  16. Stereotypes of women solders about army and military service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. A. Kalahin

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of the results of the study showed that among women soldiers are not common stereotypes of patriarchal views on the presence of women in the military. The results showed dissemination of gender­determined stereotypes that structure the military activity in male and female. Stereotypes denying the allocation of military activity differences for men and women, are also common among women soldiers. Analysis of the results of the study revealed a new group of respondents who share the dominant stereotypes about the role of women in the military.

  17. THE MILITARY OCCUPATION OF CRAIOVA BY THE RED ARMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şerban PĂTRAŞCU

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study, based on published and unpublished documents, analyses the dynamics and dimension of the Soviet military occupation between 1944 and 1949, in the city of Craiova. The military occupation knew two periods: the first stage (September 1944 – May 1945, when the occupation appears to have a provisional character, and the second stage (1945-1949 marked by a massive military presence. In 1949 the withdrawal of the Soviet troops put an end to a severe and oppressive occupation, for the residents of Craiova.

  18. Zimbabwean army deserters in South Africa: military bonding and survival

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maringira, G.; Richters, A.; Gibson, D.

    2013-01-01

    Accounts of Zimbabwe's political crisis have mostly presented soldiers in the army as defenders of President Robert Mugabe's regime without any mention of the regime's victimization of its own soldiers. To escape further victimization many of these soldiers deserted and migrated to South Africa. In

  19. Streamlining U.S. Army Military Installation Map (MIM) Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    Assurance Plans ( QAPs ). Serves as the standardized data structure across all Army training and testing installations. Once populated, this...produced NGA MIMs and supporting documentation. All aspects reflect the layout, fonts, and features which are common to MIMs. Based on SRP QAP (CIP

  20. Developing Army Leaders through Increased Rigor in Professional Military Training and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    Thinking Clearly about War and the Future of Warfare–The US Army Operating Concept,” Military Balance Blog , October 23, 2014, accessed October 2...negatively impacting the graduate level education . . . as insinuated in a blog posted on Foreign Policy.com.50 TRADOC’s Pamphlet 525-8-2: The US Army...Busted and in the Ditch,” Foreign Policy Blog , December 18, 2015, accessed January 22, 2016, http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/12/18/ finally-official

  1. Technical analysis of US Army Weapons Systems and related advanced technologies of military interest. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-06-14

    This report summarizes the activities and accomplishments of an US Army technology security project designed to identify and develop effective policy guidelines for militarily critical technologies in specific Army systems and in broad generic technology areas of military interest, Individual systems analyses are documented in separate Weapons Systems Technical Assessments (WSTAs) and the general generic technology areas are evaluated in the Advanced Technology Assessment Reports (ATARs), However, specific details of these assessments are not addressed here, only recommendations regarding aspects of the defined approach, methodology, and format are provided and discussed.

  2. The effects of German Military Commission and Balkan wars on the reorganization and modernization of the Ottoman Army

    OpenAIRE

    Topal, Ali E.

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This thesis investigates the consequences of the Ottoman Army reform initiatives from the establishment of German Military Commission (18821918) to the outbreak of World War I (19141918). The Ottoman Army undertook huge change, supported by the German Military Commission, for the survival of the Empire. During this period, the results of the Balkan Wars (19121913) provided a critical impetus to accomplish these reforms efforts. The ef...

  3. Restoring the Nexus of History-Theory-Doctrine in Military Thought: Implications for the Republic of Korea Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    disconnections will likely only continue to widen in the future. Ironically , the current strategic environment on the peninsula is now providing the... Ironically , if Korea had not been lulled into complacency by its success in preserving peace along its borders for over two centuries, it might have been...military were introduced to the ROK Army without paying costs of Korean blood and sweat . The Professional Military Education (PME) of the ROK Army

  4. US Army is Family metaphorical model within the context of the military-political discourse (as exemplified in English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanov A.S.

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available this study is intended to unveil a correlation between metaphorical images of the US Armed Forces and ethnic stereotypes of the army subculture within the Anglophone military-political discourse. The US Army is Family metaphorical model serves as a foundation for analyzing ethnic stereotypes of mass perception of the socio-professional environment of service members. According to the authors, metaphorical modeling is perceived as a linguistic means of explication of ethnic stereotypes attributed to the US Army subculture.

  5. Wynberg military base and the army officers club | Brann | Scientia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 19, No 1 (1989) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file ...

  6. WYNBERG MILITARY BASE AND THE ARMY OFFICERS' CLUB

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28. Wynberg Times, 25th January, 1919, South African Library, Cape Town. 29. Military Information Bureau, Pretoria. 11. Acknowledgements. The author expresses his appreciation to the following people for assisting with the compila- tion of this article. 1. Commander W.M. Bisset: S01 SADF Mu- seum Service, The Castle, ...

  7. Analysis of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) in U.S. Army Acquisition Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Military Sales industry was not without its challenges. The debate would occur in Congress when Senator Gerald P. Nye (R-ND) established a...U.S. arms industry was an outcome of the Nye Committee’s efforts. This included the establishment of a munitions control board” (DISAM, 2015, pp. A2...has criticized the congressional mandated add- ons for tanks the army did not need nor afford. The 2012 defense appropriations bill added $255

  8. Classifying U.S. Army Military Occupational Specialties using the Occupational Information Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadermann, Anne M; Heeringa, Steven G; Stein, Murray B; Ursano, Robert J; Colpe, Lisa J; Fullerton, Carol S; Gilman, Stephen E; Gruber, Michael J; Nock, Matthew K; Rosellini, Anthony J; Sampson, Nancy A; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M; Kessler, Ronald C

    2014-07-01

    To derive job condition scales for future studies of the effects of job conditions on soldier health and job functioning across Army Military Occupation Specialties (MOSs) and Areas of Concentration (AOCs) using Department of Labor (DoL) Occupational Information Network (O*NET) ratings. A consolidated administrative dataset was created for the "Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers" (Army STARRS) containing all soldiers on active duty between 2004 and 2009. A crosswalk between civilian occupations and MOS/AOCs (created by DoL and the Defense Manpower Data Center) was augmented to assign scores on all 246 O*NET dimensions to each soldier in the dataset. Principal components analysis was used to summarize these dimensions. Three correlated components explained the majority of O*NET dimension variance: "physical demands" (20.9% of variance), "interpersonal complexity" (17.5%), and "substantive complexity" (15.0%). Although broadly consistent with civilian studies, several discrepancies were found with civilian results reflecting potentially important differences in the structure of job conditions in the Army versus the civilian labor force. Principal components scores for these scales provide a parsimonious characterization of key job conditions that can be used in future studies of the effects of MOS/AOC job conditions on diverse outcomes. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  9. 2015 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Military Leader Findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    sports , and competitions; and recognition, awards, and incentives to motivate subordinates. Ineffective Mitigation of Workload Stress. The themes for the...Assignment Practices The assignment process is a mechanism by which the Army can utilize leadership talent and deliberately develop leadership skills...Commissioned Officer Professional Development and Career Management). Assignments are one of several aspects of how organizations employ talent

  10. Putting the military back into the history of the military-industrial complex: the management of technological innovation in the U.S. Army, 1945-1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassman, Thomas C

    2015-03-01

    In 1946 General Dwight Eisenhower, the Army Chief of Staff, established the Research and Development (R&D) Division on the War Department General Staff to expedite major technological breakthroughs in weapons technology. This goal, based on the separation of the management of R&D from procurement, captured the Army's preference for qualitative rather than quantitative superiority on the battlefield, but it threatened to upend entrenched methods of incremental product improvement under way in the Army's supply organizations, collectively called the technical services. The division's brief existence (it ceased operations in 1947) contrasted sharply with the longevity of the Ordnance Department's in-house manufacturing arsenals; for more than a century they had exploited synergies between R&D and production to turn out new weapons mass-produced in industry. The history of the R&D Division and the corresponding management of technological innovation in the technical services broadens an otherwise narrow historiographical interpretation of postwar knowledge production in the United States that is still focused heavily on the moral and political economy of military-funded academic research.

  11. Rebalance to the Pacific: A Case for Greater Amphibious Capabilities in the US Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    10-1. 38 Center of Military History ( CMH ) Publication 30-22, American Military History: The United States Army in a Global Era 1917-2008...54 Ibid., 126. 55 Center of Military History ( CMH ) Publication 30-22, American Military History: The United States Army in a Global

  12. Multiple enteropathogenic viruses in a gastroenteritis outbreak in a military exercise of the Portuguese Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes-João, António; Costa, Inês; Mesquita, João R; Oleastro, Mónica; Penha-Gonçalves, Carlos; Nascimento, Maria S J

    2015-07-01

    Gastroenteritis is one of the most common infectious diseases in the military populations and can diminish operational effectiveness and impede force readiness. The present study investigates the cause and the source of an acute gastroenteritis outbreak that occurred during a military exercise of the Portuguese Army, in February 2013. A retrospective investigation was performed and stool samples, food items and water were screened for common foodborne bacteria and viruses, namely Norovirus GI, Norovirus GII, Astrovirus, Rotavirus, Adenovirus and Sapovirus. From the total of 160 soldiers that participated in the military exercise 20 developed gastroenteritis (attack rate of 12.5%). Symptoms were predominantly vomiting (n=17, 85%) and diarrhoea (n=9, 45%). The first cases occurred 24-48h after drinking water from the creek, the plausible origin of the outbreak. The epidemic peak was registered 2 days after and the last cases 6 days after, upon returning to base. No pathogenic bacteria were found in stools however virological analysis revealed the presence of multiple enteropathogenic viruses, namely Norovirus GI (GI.3), Norovirus GII (GII.4 New Orleans 2009), Astrovirus and Sapovirus, as single or co-infections. Food and water samples were not tested for the presence of viruses due to exhaustion of samples on bacteriological analysis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of a viral gastroenteritis outbreak among military personnel in the Portuguese Army. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Military positions and post-service occupational mobility of Union Army veterans, 1861-1880.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chulhee

    2007-01-01

    Although the Civil War has attracted a great deal of scholarly attention, little is known about how different wartime experiences of soldiers influenced their civilian lives after the war. This paper examines how military rank and duty of Union Army soldiers while in service affected their post-service occupational mobility. Higher ranks and non-infantry duties appear to have provided more opportunities for developing skills, especially those required for white-collar jobs. Among the recruits who were unskilled workers at the time of enlistment, commissioned and non-commissioned officers were much more likely to move up to a white-collar job by 1880. Similarly, unskilled recruits assigned to white-collar military duties were more likely to enter a white-collar occupation by 1880. The higher occupational mobility of higher-ranking soldiers is likely to have resulted from disparate human capital accumulations offered by their military positions rather than from their superior abilities.

  14. Suicide Attempts in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ursano, Robert J.; Kessler, Ronald C.; Stein, Murray B.; Naifeh, James A.; Aliaga, Pablo A.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kao, Tzu-Cheg; Colpe, Lisa J.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Cox, Kenneth L.; Heeringa, Steven G.

    2015-01-01

    Importance The U.S. Army suicide attempt rate increased sharply during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Comprehensive research on this important health outcome has been hampered by a lack of integration among Army administrative data systems. Objective To identify risk factors for Regular Army suicide attempts during the years 2004–2009 using data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). Design, Setting, and Participants There were 9,791 medically documented suicide attempts among Regular Army soldiers during the study period. Individual-level person-month records from Army and Department of Defense administrative data systems were analyzed to identify socio-demographic, service-related, and mental health risk factors distinguishing suicide attempt cases from an equal-probability control sample of 183,826 person-months. Main Outcome and Measures Suicide attempts were identified using Department of Defense Suicide Event Report records and ICD-9 E95x diagnostic codes. Predictor variables were constructed from Army personnel and medical records. Results Enlisted soldiers accounted for 98.6% of all suicide attempts, with an overall rate of 377/100,000 person-years, versus 27.9/100,000 person-years for officers. Significant multivariate predictors among enlisted soldiers included socio-demographic characteristics (female gender, older age at Army entry, younger current age, low education, non-hispanic white), short length of service, never or previously deployed, and the presence and recency of mental health diagnoses. Among officers, only socio-demographic characteristics (female gender, older age at Army entry, younger current age, and low education) and the presence and recency of mental health diagnoses were significant. Conclusions and Relevance Results represent the most comprehensive accounting of U.S. Army suicide attempts to date and reveal unique risk profiles for enlisted soldiers and officers, and highlighting the

  15. U.S. Army-Baylor University Health Care Administration Program: evidenced-based outcomes in the military health system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangelsdorff, A David; Rogers, Jody; Finstuen, Kenn; Pryor, Rene

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to assess the impact of an educational program on the Military Health System on some of the evidence-based educational outcomes for the Individual (student) and the Society (all Army Medical Treatment Facilities). The U.S. Army-Baylor University HCA program provides a unique opportunity to assess the impact of an educational program on the Military Health System (MHS). Since the majority of the graduate students are military officers who serve in military medical treatment facilities (MTFs), tracking their career progression allows assessing the value added of the U.S. Army-Baylor University HCA experience from 1951 to 2001 (n = 2234). The context of Society outcomes includes all the Army MTFs where U.S. Army-Baylor University HCA graduates execute their leadership skills. During the time from 1994 to 2001, all of the Army MTFs in the MHS (n = 38) were examined by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). In a similar but shorter time frame (1997-2001), DoD patient satisfaction assessments were conducted. The Individual outcomes (career advancement, increase in status, higher professional association membership) demonstrate that the selection criteria used for program admission appear to be successful. The Society outcomes showed higher JCAHO scores and satisfied consumers in Army facilities with Baylor graduates as the Deputy Commander for Administration (DCA). Continued internal program assessments (curriculum reviews) and external reviews (Accrediting Commission on Education for Health Services Administration accreditations of 5 years in 1987, 8 years in 1993 and 7 years in 2001, and 7 ACHE student chapter awards) attest to the strengths of the U.S. Army-Baylor University HCA program. Educating the MHS shareholders (patients, beneficiaries, professional and support staff, senior leaders) and leveraging technology to. share best practices for all administrators (including non-Baylor graduates) will

  16. Suicide risk factors in the professional military personnel in the Army of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedić Gordana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Recognition of suicide risk factors is important in taking adequate suicide preventive measures, Suicide Prevention Program for Professional Military Personnel (PMP implemented in the Army of Serbia in 2003. The aim of our study was to establish suicide risk factors in PMP of the Army of Serbia. Methods. Analysis of suicide risk factors in PMP was carried out on the basis of data obtained by psychological suicide autopsy. The controls were demographically similar psychiatric outpatients with no history of suicidal behavior. A descriptive statistics method was used for risk factors analysis. The t-test was used for testing statistical hypotheses. Results. A total of 30 PMP, aged 22-49 years (30.53 ± 6.24 on average committed suicide within the period 1998-2007. Distal suicide risk factors in PMP were considered to be not being married, psychiatric heredity, having no outpatient psychiatric treatment, gambling, regular physical practice (bodybuilding, less transfer to a different post, low motivation for military service (p < 0.001, not having children, parental loss in early childhood, alcohol abuse (p < 0.005, low salary (p < 0.01 uncompleted military school, debts in the family (p < 0.05. The commonest proximal suicide risk factors were: actual family problems (36.6%, actual mental problems (13.3%, burnout (13.3%, negative balance of accounts (13.3%, professional problems (6.7%, behavioral model while for 10.0% PMP suicide risk factors could not be established. Conclusion. According to the presence of multiple suicide risk factors, Suicide Prevention Program for PMP in the Army of Serbia is directed to the prevention of both proximal and distal suicide risk factors.

  17. 32 CFR 644.388 - Army military-screening, clearance, preliminary report of excess, except where an E.O. 11954...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military-screening, clearance, preliminary... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Predisposal Action § 644.388 Army military—screening, clearance, preliminary report of...

  18. The mobile Army surgical hospital (MASH): a military and surgical legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Booker; Jatoi, Ismalil

    2005-01-01

    Operation Iraqi Freedom was perhaps the last military campaign that will ever utilize the services of a mobile Army surgical hospital (MASH). The Army has now essentially replaced the MASH with combat surgical hospitals (CSH) and forward surgical teams (FST). MASH units were designed as mobile, flexible, forward-deployed military hospitals, providing care for the wounded near the frontlines of the battlefield. These hospitals not only saved thousands of lives during war but also greatly influenced the delivery of trauma and critical care in civilian hospitals. The MASH was made popular by the television series of the 1970s, depicting the 4077th during the Korean War. Although a comical series, these television episodes provided viewers with a glimpse of life in a MASH during time of war. This article chronicles the history of the MASH from its inception during World War II to recent experiences in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 p656-a PMID:15926641

  19. English Educational Policies of the U.S. Army Military Government in Korea from 1945 to 1948 and Their Effects on the Development of English Language Teaching in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Gyong

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the English language teaching (ELT) policies and measures taken under the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) from 1945 to 1948, in an attempt to illuminate their implications on the current ELT in Korea. The study analyzes data derived from documents of the Korean and the U.S. governments, literature on…

  20. A prospective investigation of injury incidence and injury risk factors among Army recruits in military police training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Graham, Bria; Cobbs, Jacketta; Thompson, Diane; Steelman, Ryan; Jones, Bruce H

    2013-01-17

    United States Army military police (MP) training is a 19-week course designed to introduce new recruits to basic soldiering skills, Army values and lifestyle, and law enforcement skills and knowledge. The present investigation examined injury rates and injury risk factors in MP training. At the start of training, 1,838 male and 553 female MP recruits were administered a questionnaire containing items on date of birth, height, weight, tobacco use, prior physical activity, injury history, and menstrual history. Injuries during training were obtained from electronic medical records and the training units provided data on student graduation and attrition. Successfully graduating from the course were 94.3% of the men and 83.7% of the women. Experiencing at least one injury during training were 34.2% of the men and 66.7% of the women (risk ratio (women/men) = 1.95, 95% confidence interval = 1.79-2.13). Recruits were at higher injury risk if they reported that they were older, had smoked in the past, or had performed less frequent exercise or sports prior to MP training. Men were at higher injury risk if they reported a prior injury and women were at higher risk if they reported missing at least six menstrual cycles in the last year or had previously been pregnant. The present investigation was the first to identify injury rates and identify specific factors increasing injury risk during MP training.

  1. The Current State of the United States Army: The Numbers, the Needs, and the Consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-20

    The Current State of the United States Army: The Numbers, the Needs , and the Consequences...DATES COVERED 00-00-2009 to 00-00-2009 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Current State of the United States Army: The Numbers, the Needs , and the

  2. United States Army Annual Financial Statement FY00. The Army in Transformation Responsive to the Needs of the Nation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    United States Army Annual Financial Statement “The Army in Transformation—Responsive to the Needs of the Nation” The picture of the digitized soldier...mailing the postage paid comment card enclosed at the back of this report. “The Army in Transformation —Responsive to the Needs of the Nation” “The...Army in Transformation —Responsive to the Needs of the Nation” “The Army in Transformation—Responsive to the Needs of the Nation” Table of Contents FY00

  3. United States military posture for FY 1989

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-01-01

    The primary purpose of this statement on the military posture of the United States is to supplement testimony by the Chairman and other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at congressional hearings in support of the FY 1989 Defense Budget. Chapter I is an overview that describes the main challenges to US national security, outlines objectives and elements of US military strategy, and highlights continuing efforts to field the best possible armed forces for the protection of US national interests. Chapter II compares US defense requirements and resource commitment with those of the Soviet Union. Chapter III provides an overview of the global military environment by comparing US and allied forces with Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces. Chapter IV assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces to meet the Soviet nuclear threat. Chapter V assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces, in concert with friends and allies, to meet the Soviet conventional military threat. This chapter deals primarily with joint perspectives that have increased the capabilities and efficiency of our forces. Chapter VI addresses other topics of interest. Unless otherwise noted, data shown in this report have used operational as opposed to treaty inventories for strategic weapon systems, a fiscal year cutoff date of 30 September 1987, and mobilized forces. Additionally, data have been developed based on a global as opposed to regional war scenario.

  4. The U.S. Army Person-Event Data Environment: A Military-Civilian Big Data Enterprise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vie, Loryana L; Scheier, Lawrence M; Lester, Paul B; Ho, Tiffany E; Labarthe, Darwin R; Seligman, Martin E P

    2015-06-01

    This report describes a groundbreaking military-civilian collaboration that benefits from an Army and Department of Defense (DoD) big data business intelligence platform called the Person-Event Data Environment (PDE). The PDE is a consolidated data repository that contains unclassified but sensitive manpower, training, financial, health, and medical records covering U.S. Army personnel (Active Duty, Reserve, and National Guard), civilian contractors, and military dependents. These unique data assets provide a veridical timeline capturing each soldier's military experience from entry to separation from the armed forces. The PDE was designed to afford unprecedented cost-efficiencies by bringing researchers and military scientists to a single computerized repository rather than porting vast data resources to individual laboratories. With funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania Positive Psychology Center joined forces with the U.S. Army Research Facilitation Laboratory, forming the scientific backbone of the military-civilian collaboration. This unparalleled opportunity was necessitated by a growing need to learn more about relations between psychological and health assets and health outcomes, including healthcare utilization and costs-issues of major importance for both military and civilian population health. The PDE represents more than 100 times the population size and many times the number of linked variables covered by the nation's leading sources of population health data (e.g., the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). Following extensive Army vetting procedures, civilian researchers can mine the PDE's trove of information using a suite of statistical packages made available in a Citrix Virtual Desktop. A SharePoint collaboration and governance management environment ensures user compliance with federal and DoD regulations concerning human subjects' protections and also provides a secure

  5. Epidemiological investigation of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-he XIAO

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the epidemiological characters of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army.Methods The data of servicemen with ocular injuries,hospitalized in 11 military evacuation hospitals from 2005-01-01 to 2009-12-31,were entered into a registration table.The data included the time and place when the injury happened,type and cause of injury,examination records,treatment,rehabilitation level,etc.All data were input into the database for statistical analysis.Results Of all the cases of ocular injuries,189(45.5% were related to military training and operations.The mean age of the 189 cases was 23.4±5.4 years,all of them were men,and soldiers accounted for 91.0% and officers accounted for 9.0%.The incidence declined in 2006 compared with that in 2005,and then rose gradually thereafter year by year.Eight patients(4.2% were complicated with bodily injuries,and 4.2% of patients had the history of eye surgery or eye disease before the ocular injury.Of the 189 cases,in 172(91.0% one eye was injured while in 17(9.0% both eyes were injured.After injury,in 35.0% of patients sight restoration to grade 1,in 20.6% to grade 2,in 13.6% to grade 3,in 25.7% to grade 4,and in 4.4% to grade 5.In 87.3% of patients injuries were due to mechanical forces and in 12.7% ocular injuries were not mechanical.Most patients with eye injury occurring in military training and operations were sent to evacuation hospital and treated timely,and good results were obtained.Conclusions Military training and operations related ocular injury is a prevalent ocular injury occurring in Chinese armed forces,and should be paid more attention in prevention.One important measure is to improve the prevention awareness of Chinese servicemen,and a detailed prevention measures should be further studied.

  6. Traditional Military Thinking and the Defensive Strategy of China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jijun, Li

    1997-01-01

    ... education institutions. In support of China's policies of 'reform and opening up,' the People's Liberation Army is actively seeking military-to-military relations with other nations, particularly with the United States...

  7. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army, Mar-Apr 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    see their government as unable to do anything about them or illegal narcotic activity. Ruben Barragan Monterrubi, alias “El Montes,” is presented to...the symbiosis between the military and the emergence of the modern nation-state system, the editors have avoided the controversies associated with

  8. The United States Army Comprehensive Soldier Fitness: A Critical Look

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    The broad narrative describes this methodology and how to interpret the data and provides any Soldier with a red score a hyperlink and phone number... Psychoanalysis Professor Stephen Soldz, stated “the problems identified with CSF are legion. It is time for the Army to step back from uncritically

  9. Millennial Generation Spirituality and Religion in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    more comfortable with their parents values than any other generation in living 9 memory, millennials support convention-the idea that social ... millennials . 3. Emphasis on inclusion , and de-emphasis on anything that separates: ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, religion, philosophy, etc. 4... Millennial Generation Spirituality and Religion in the United States Army by Chaplain (Lieutenant Colonel) John Stephen

  10. Evaluation of the Nutrition of the Bulgarian Army Military Personnel During the Preparation for Participation in Expeditionary Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nichev Nikolay

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of the military art and of the rapidly changing security environment, define the developing and the formation of new capabilities for their management. The increasing importance of the Expeditionary Forces of NATO demands the developing of the national legislation, connected with the nutrition of the Bulgarian Army military personnel, participating in expeditionary operations. In response to the tasks, delegated to the armed forces during their participation in expeditionary operations, the provision of the units with food becomes a priority logistic capability.

  11. [The system of selection and training of military-medical staff for the 40th army (1979-1989)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryabinkin, V V

    2015-10-01

    In December 1979 in order to fulfil their internationalist duty troops and units of the 40th Army of the Armed Forces of the USSR was brought into Afghanistan. For complete and qualitative manning of the army with the military doctors it was needed in a short time to create a system capable to carry out candidates selection, their education and specialized training for work in extreme conditions of combat operations. This system was created in a short time. The article presents information about its features, advantages and problems that had to be solved during the entire period of the Soviet-Afghan war. The complex staff arrangements had allowed solving medical support problems of the 40th Army on the high level.

  12. Diversity Issues in the Army as Perceived by Army Students at the United States Army War College

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Webster, Cecil

    1997-01-01

    ..., welfare, and other related programs. In recognizing this diversity, this paper identifies some diversity issues within the Army, analyzes the perception of those diversity issues by the resident Army students in the USAWC Class of 1997...

  13. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  14. The United States Army Air Arm, April 1861 to April 1917

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hennessy, Juliette A

    1985-01-01

    This monograph recounts the development of aviation in the United States Army from April 1861, when the Army first became interested in balloons as a means of observation, to April 1917, when America entered World War...

  15. Laboratory and Field Studies of Poly(2,5-bis(N-methyl-N-hexylaminophenylene vinylene (BAM-PPV: A Potential Wash Primer Replacement for Army Military Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Zarras

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, an electroactive polymer (EAP, poly(2,5-bis(N-methyl-N- hexylaminophenylene vinylene (BAM-PPV, was tested as an alternative to current hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI-based Army wash primers. BAM-PPV was tested in both laboratory and field studies to determine its adhesive and corrosion-inhibiting properties when applied to steel and aluminum alloys. The Army Research Laboratory (ARL tests showed that BAM-PPV combined with an epoxy primer and the Army chemical agent-resistant coating (CARC topcoat met Army performance requirements for military coatings. After successful laboratory testing, the BAM-PPV was then field tested for one year at the Aberdeen Test Center (ATC. This field testing showed that BAM-PPV incorporated into the Army military coating survived with no delamination of the coating and only minor corrosion on the chip sites.

  16. Influence of new military athletic footwear on the kinetics and kinematics of running in relation to army boots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Jonathan; Taylor, Paul J

    2014-10-01

    Musculoskeletal injuries in the lower extremities are common in military recruits. Army boots have frequently been cited as a potential mechanism behind these high injury rates. In response to this, the British Army introduced new footwear models, the PT-03 (cross-trainer) and PT1000 (running shoes), which are issued to each new recruit in an attempt to reduce the incidence of these injuries. The aim of the current investigation was to examine the kinetics and kinematic of the PT-03 and PT1000 footwear in relation to conventional army boots. Thirteen participants ran at 4.0 m·s in each footwear condition. Three-dimensional kinematics from the hip, knee, and ankle were measured using an 8-camera motion analysis system. In addition, simultaneous ground reaction forces were obtained. Kinetic parameters were obtained alongside joint kinematics and compared using repeated-measures analyses of variance. The kinetic analysis revealed that impact parameters were significantly greater when running in the army boot compared with the PT-03 and PT1000. The kinematic analysis indicated that, in comparison with the PT-03 and PT1000, running in army boots was associated with significantly greater eversion and tibial internal rotation. It was also found that when running in the PT-03 footwear, participants exhibited significantly greater hip adduction and knee abduction compared with the army boots and PT1000. The results of this study suggest that the army boots and PT-03 footwear are associated with kinetic and kinematic parameters that have been linked to the etiology of injury; thus, it is recommended that the PT1000 footwear be adopted for running exercises.

  17. The Need to Change Army Policies Toward Single Parents and Dual Military Couples With Children

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carroll, Carolyn

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to identify the key challenges with current Army personnel policies and to provide recommendations that would reduce the impact of single parents on Army unit readiness...

  18. United States Army Officer Personnel Reforms and the Decline of Rank Flexibility, 1890s-1920s

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-04

    United States” in The Armies of Today: A Description of the Armies of the Leading Nations at the Present Time (New York: Harper & Brothers , 1893), 3...Washington Monthly, December 2007, accessed October 1, 2014, http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2007/0712.tilghman.html. 213 Volney Warner , General...Present Time. New York: Harper & Brothers , 1893. Millett, Allan Reed, Peter Maslowski, and William B. Feis. For the Common Defense: A Military

  19. Fiscal Year 2014 United States Army Annual Financial Report: Maintaining Readiness Through Fiscal Responsibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    the board, the Army responded quickly to emerging threats and met several significantly challenging missions; cementing our Soldiers’ and Civilians...components of leader development. Due to the high operational demand over the past decade, many Army leaders did not attend professional military...individual for SSC attendance can immediately backfill against the position and mitigate any disruption to the organizational mission. Based on its prior

  20. Armenian Expedition of Emperor Constantius II in 338/339 A.D. and Military Units of Thracian Expeditionary Army at the Near East: on the Late Roman Military Organization in the Mid-4th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    10.15688/jvolsu4.2017.5.26

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with the history of military corps, which Roman emperor Constantius II sent to Great Armenia in 338/339 A.D. for to fight with the Persians. The main evidence on Constantius II’s Persian expedition are preserved in the works of prominent Armenian historians, that are Moses Khorenatsi and Pawstos Buzand. Constantius II held this campaign in order to free Armenia from the Persians and to bring back its state freedom. According to Moses Khorenatsi and Pawstos Buzand, Constantius II sent in Armenia bodyguards, who were representatives of Armenian noble families allied to the Romans, but the Roman regular forces themselves collected in Galatia (the Asia Minor, moved in Mesopotamia and Atropatene (south of modern Azerbaijan and Iranian Azerbaijan. As the author supposes, Roman troops arrived in Armenia and took part in fight with the Persians, strictly due to Roman military help Armenian naχarars could expel the Persians from Armenia. In this connection the author poses a question – which military units arrived at the Roman Near East (in Mesopotamia from the Asia Minor and how Constantius II’s military campaign in Armenia influenced on the further development of Roman-Persian frontier and its defence system. On the ground of epigraphic data (inscriptions from Mesopotamia and Arabia author made a conclusion that in 338/339 A.D. Constantius II moved at the Near East military units which previously were parts of Thracian expeditionary army and garrisoned in Thracia, since inscriptions under discussion mention soldiers who bear Thracian names that reveal their Thracian origin.

  1. [Pre-hospital care for wounded in military conflicts: state and prospects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samokhvalov, I M; Reva, V A

    2015-10-01

    Pre-hospital care is one of the most important links in a chain of the military medical tenet. A survival of the most of severe casualties at the scene depends on a good quality and well-timed first aid and paramedic care. Based on the current state of medical equipment and training of the soldiers of the Russian and foreign armies, we summarized the data about the main medical products designed for pre-hospital care, briefly analyzed and compared their effectiveness to the foreign analogues. It is currently obvious, that fundamental changes in First aid kit modification and Medical Bags are warranted according to the reality and soldier's demands in combat operations. Proposals for modernization of military medical equipment were put forward.

  2. Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eveleigh Douglas E

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol. This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis. Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did

  3. Military occupation and deployment: descriptive epidemiology of active duty U.S. Army men evaluated for a disability discharge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gubata, Marlene E; Piccirillo, Amanda L; Packnett, Elizabeth R; Cowan, David N

    2013-07-01

    Physically demanding jobs and history of deployment put Soldiers at increased risk for injury, hospitalizations, and disability. Characterizing differences in disability outcomes by occupation and deployment history may identify specific military populations for targeted prevention and intervention programs as well as potential areas of future research. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted on U.S. Army enlisted men evaluated in the Department of Defense's Disability Evaluation System (DES) between fiscal years 2005 and 2011, comparing those assigned a Combat Arms military occupational specialty (MOS) to individuals with any other MOS (Other). Among deployed Soldiers, those with Combat Arms MOS were substantially and significantly more likely to receive medical disability retirement than Other MOS and were more likely to be evaluated for conditions compatible with combat exposures, including post-traumatic stress disorder, residuals of traumatic brain injury, and paralysis. Among nondeployed Soldiers, Combat Arms MOS were only slightly more likely to receive medical disability than Other MOS, and no substantial differences in medical conditions were noted between the two MOS groups. Combat Arms MOS is a significant risk factor for disability retirement primarily among deployed men. Further research is needed to identify specific military occupations most at risk for disability retirement. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  4. Self-Synchronization, the Future Joint Force and the United States Army’s Objective Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-05-22

    Hall 250 Gibbon Ave Fort Leavenworth, KS66027 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER ATZL-SWV 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME AND ADDRESS , 10...Institute Proceedings, 124, no.1., January 1998, 28-35. Conner , William M., "Emerging Army Doctrine: Command and Control." Military Review, March-April 2002

  5. Soviet Military Thought. The Command and Staff of the Soviet Army Air Force in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945 - A Soviet View,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    sociopolitical and ideological unity of the Soviet people, and the enormous ideological, political, organizational, agitational, and propaganda work of the...formations at the V. I. Lenin Military- Politica A..ademy. Extensive measures were implemented to prepare the theater of military op- erations. Runway...the USSR People’s Commissar of Defense in Order No. 30, dated 29 January 1941, and in the Soviet Army Main Political Propaganda Directorate "On Reor

  6. Mission essential fitness: comparison of functional circuit training to traditional Army physical training for active duty military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, Katie M; Spencer, Vincent; Fehl, Nathanael; Poston, Walker S Carlos

    2012-10-01

    Appropriate and effective physical fitness training is imperative for soldier survival and mission success. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Mission Essential Fitness (MEF) circuit-style training program compared to standard Army Physical Readiness Training (APRT) on fitness, physiological, and body composition changes. Active duty Army personnel were randomly assigned to two groups (MEF = 34 or APRT = 33) for 8 weeks of training (15 sessions each). The MEF program included functional movements focused on strength, power, speed, and agility. Fifteen exercises were performed continuously for 60 to 90 seconds for 45 minutes. Baseline and post-test measures included the Army physical fitness test, physiological indicators, body composition, and additional fitness indicators. One-way analysis of covariance models indicated that MEF participants significantly increased their push-ups (p = 0.033), bench press (p = 0.001), and flexibility (p = 0.003) and significantly decreased their 2-mile run (p = 0.003) and step test heart rate (p = 0.004) compared to participants doing APRT. Both groups maintained body composition (p > 0.05) and reported no injuries. The MEF training program safely improved muscular strength and endurance, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility, supporting functional fitness circuit-style exercise training for military personnel.

  7. The Greek military camp in the ten thousand´s army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvárez Rico, Mauricio G.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The first and main conclusion of this study of the Xenophon´s works is that the Greek military camp should be the subject of research and should get more than ten pages at most in any handbook on Greek warfare. Once the castramental vocabulary problem is resolved, and we know the exact difference on meaning between words like τὸ στρατόπεδον, τὰ ὄπλα or σκηνὲω, it will be possible to attempt an approximation to Greek castramental theory of the 4th century as it would have been described in lost contemporary works, such as the one by Aeneas Tacticus. The Greek military camp seems to have had a high level of professional organisation, with a regular plan and internal structure, a very sophisticated watch guard system and a routine that shows the generals concern for the order and discipline of their troops. Inside the camp it was the συσκηνὶα (the group of soldiers who shared the same tent the basic logistical (and also probably, tactical unit in the Greek armies on campaign.

    La conclusión principal de este estudio de las obras de Jenofonte es que el campamento militar griego puede y debe ser investigado, pudiéndosele dedicar más de las diez páginas que como mucho se le han venido otorgando en los manuales de historia militar de la Grecia clásica. Una vez solventado el problema del vocabulario, y conociendo la diferencia exacta de significado entre términos como τὸ στρατόπεδον, τὰ ὄπλα o σκηνὲω hemos podido aproximarnos a la teoría castramental griega del s. IV tal y como pudo aparecer en obras hoy perdidas como la de Eneas Táctico. La castramentación griega parece haber alcanzado un alto grado de profesionalidad, con campamentos que mostraban un plano y una estructura interna regular, con un sofisticado sistema de guardias, y un horario que demuestra la preocupación de los generales por el mantenimiento del orden y la disciplina entre la tropa. Dentro del

  8. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  9. Discovering the Army's Core Competencies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rudesheim, Frederick

    2001-01-01

    This paper seeks to answer the question, "Has the Army correctly identified its core competencies to ensure the Army can adequately respond to the national military strategy?" FM 1, The Army (Prototype Draft...

  10. The Need to Change Army Policies Toward Single Parents and Dual Military Couples With Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-18

    SINGLE PARENT STATUS ACTIVE DUTY ENLISTED SOLDIERS ..8 TABLE 6. ACTIVE DUTY GENDER DISTRIBUTION BY GRADE ............................................ 10...493,563 (100%) TABLE 6. ACTIVE DUTY GENDER DISTRIBUTION BY GRADE WHAT THESE METRICS TELL US These data indicate that there is a problem in the Army...Army War College, March 1998) Fifth Amendment Sisters. "Pregnancy Disrimination ." Available from <http://userpages.aug.com /captbarb/pregnancy.html

  11. The Needs of the Army: Using Compulsory Relocation in the Military to Estimate the Effect of Air Pollutants on Children's Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lleras-Muney, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    Recent research suggests that pollution has a large impact on asthma and other respiratory and cardiovascular conditions. But this relationship and its implications are not well understood. I use changes in location due to military transfers, which occur entirely to satisfy the needs of the army, to identify the causal impact of pollution on…

  12. DETERMINING KEY COMPETENCIES AS A STARTING BASE OF THE COMPETENCE MODEL IN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF EXEMPTED MILITARIES FROM BULGARIAN ARMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venelin Terziev

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Scientific study in the paper is directed towards determining key competences of exempted militaries from Bulgarian army and substantiating of a mathematical competence model for making estimations of those competences, and creation of a theoretical and practical algorithm for the application of the model.

  13. The Army vs. the People: The Opposition of the Soviet Military to Baltic Independence

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    untouched. General Fyodor Kuz’min, the commander of the Baltic Military District became Gorbachev’s de facto "Military Governer", the only powerful and...Following the line laid down by Gorbachev, a writer in Krasnaya Zvezda allowed that "not all aspects of Soviet prewar foreign policy meet the high... Sindrome ’, Neustavshchinye i Natsional’noi Aspekte Voinskoi Sluzhby" [Youth Try on Overcoats: on the ’Occupation Syndrome’, Non-Regulation Behavior, and

  14. U.S. Army Military Police: The Force of Choice for Defense Support to Civil Authorities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    ammunition and the proper riot control equipment, mainly a restrictive locking plate that would prevent weapons from firing in full- automatic mode, the...ammunition, and critical civil disturbance equipment to include face shields, riot batons, M-16 lock plates , and communications equipment.65 Third was the...Detention Specialist), and 31K (Military Working Dog Handler), as well as the various additional skill identifiers germane to the Military Police Soldier

  15. Body mass index predicts selected physical fitness attributes but is not associated with performance on military relevant tasks in U.S. Army Soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Joseph R; DeGroot, David W; Grier, Tyson L; Hauret, Keith G; Nindl, Bradley C; East, Whitfield B; McGurk, Michael S; Jones, Bruce H

    2017-11-01

    Army body composition standards are based upon validated criteria; however, certain field-expedient methodologies (e.g., weight-for-height, body mass index [BMI]) may disqualify individuals from service who may otherwise excel on physical performance and military-relevant tasks. The purpose was to assess soldier physical performance and military-specific task/fitness performance stratified by BMI. Cross-sectional observational study. Male (n=275) and female (n=46) soldiers performed a wide-array of physical fitness tests and military-specific tasks, including the Army physical fitness test (APFT). Within-sex performance data were analyzed by BMI tertile stratification or by Army Body Composition Program (ABCP) weight-for-height (calculated BMI) screening standards using ANOVA/Tukey post-hoc or independent t-tests, respectively. BMI stratification (higher vs. lower BMI) was associated with significant improvements in muscular strength and power, but also with decrements in speed/agility in male and female soldiers. Within the military specific tasks, a higher BMI was associated with an increased APFT 2-Mile Run time; however, performance on a 1600-m Loaded March or a Warrior Task and Battle Drill obstacle course was not related to BMI in either sex. Male and Female soldiers who did not meet ABCP screening standards demonstrated a slower 2-Mile Run time; however, not meeting the ABCP BMI standard only affected a minimal number (∼6%) of soldiers' ability to pass the APFT. Military body composition standards require a careful balance between physical performance, health, and military readiness. Allowances should be considered where tradeoffs exist between body composition classifications and performance on physical tasks with high military relevance. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  16. 32 CFR 581.3 - Army Board for Correction of Military Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... in the interest of justice. (iv) Deny applications when the alleged error or injustice is not... application is not filed within prescribed time limits and when it is not in the interest of justice to excuse... behalf of the Army, settle claims that are based on ABCMR final actions. (v) Report quarterly to the...

  17. United States military contributions to the National Cancer Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarvis, Jamey A; Thompson, Ian M

    2009-01-01

    To review contributions from the Department of Defense and the United States military to cancer research and the National Cancer Institute. The Department of Defense and the military have a number of programs aimed at cancer research with significant dedication to prostate cancer, such as the Prostate Cancer Research Program and Center for Prostate Disease Research. In addition, the military has significant involvement with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) through the various Cooperative Research Groups. The military has played a critical role in large NCI sponsored multi-institutional clinical trials such as the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) and the Servicemen's Testicular Tumor Environmental Endocrine Determinants Study (STEED). The Department of Defense has demonstrated a consistent commitment to cancer research.

  18. Reports of Military Observers Attached to the Armies in Manchuria during the Russo-Japanese War. Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1906-10-01

    medical department, profiting by its experience, has made earnest efforts to remedy its shortcomings and de- ficiencies so far as lies in its power, so...fectly digestible. The bread (rye brown bread), as already stated, is mildly laxative, so that constipation is unknown in’ the Russian army, the...of freight cars, with passenger cars for the per- sonnel. Her duties consisted in taking charge of the sick in four cars, administering remedies

  19. The United States Army Medical Department Journal. July-September 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    results of excision. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89(3):476-486. 16. Ahrengart L. Periarticular heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty ...articulated our charge: Modularity is the Army’s major force transformation initiative which involves the total redesign of the operational Army into a...GLOSSARY ATLS - advanced trauma life support MEDEVAC - military medical evacuation DCS - damage control surgery RTS - revised trauma score EM

  20. United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter Research Focusing on the Past 25 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    and pyridostigmine bromide were examined for their impact on thermoregulation and physical performance in hot and cold environments. Wearing CB-PC... thermoregulation and the ability to perform in hot or cold environments. Military nutrition research focused on evaluating the nutri- tional adequacy of...Army published official medical/performance doctrines for operations in the heat and cold and at high altitude. The current Global War on Terrorism

  1. Child Abuse and Neglect United States Army U.S. Army Central Registry (1989-1996)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McCarroll, James

    1998-01-01

    ..., the offender's history of violence and abuse, substance abuse involvement of the victim and the offender, and the military and civil actions that had occurred at the time the case was reported...

  2. Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-03

    worn-out leftovers from World War II.”9 The low personnel and equipment readiness levels in 1950 became apparent during the initially weak U.S. military...the Vietnam War in 1968, the Army grew to over 1,570,000 men and women . The conscripted Army of the Vietnam War had a disproportionate...these numbers. Characterizing the Pacific region, the Army notes three of the world’s largest economies (United States, China , Japan); four of the

  3. Military Service in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-01

    in the 1980’s: issues and choices. Interr3tional Szcurtv Review 5:347-374, Fall 1980. Blitzer, Ron. v wets’ view. (letter) Wall Street Journal 100: 16...service system. Wall Street Journal 193:24, 14 June 1979. 10 fS Kaiser, Robert B. A sign and a conviction (compulsory military service) New York Times p...National Guardsman 33:17-19, June 1979. Limited draft in mid-80’s may be forced by demographics, defense head warns. Wall Street Journal 103:16:2, 17

  4. Child Abuse and Neglect United States Army U.S. Army Central Registry (1989-1996)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-31

    This report is an analysis of the child abuse and neglect cases that have been recorded in the Army Central Registry between 1989-1996. The following...were 30,551 initial substantiated cases of child abuse and neglect, or an average of about 3,80 cases per year. There were 2,336 subsequent incidents

  5. United States Army physical readiness training: rationale and evaluation of the physical training doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Rieger, William; Palkoska, Frank; Van Camp, Steven; Darakjy, Salima

    2009-07-01

    This paper reviews the rationale and evaluations of Physical Readiness Training (PRT), the new U.S. Army physical training doctrine designed to improve soldiers' physical capability for military operations. The purposes of PRT are to improve physical fitness, prevent injuries, progressively train soldiers, and develop soldiers' self-confidence and discipline. The PRT follows the principles of progressive overload, regularity, specificity, precision, variety, and balance. Specificity was achieved by examining the standard list of military (warrior) tasks and determining 1) the physical requirements, 2) the fitness components involved, and 3) the training activities that most likely could improve the military tasks. Injury-prevention features include reduced running mileage, exercise variety (cross-training), and gradual, progressive training. In 3 military field studies, the overall adjusted risk of injury was 1.5-1.8 times higher in groups of soldiers performing traditional military physical training programs when compared with groups using a PRT program. Scores on the Army Physical Fitness Test were similar or higher in groups using PRT programs. In an 8-week laboratory study comparing PRT with a weightlifting/running program, both programs resulted in major improvements in militarily relevant tasks (e.g., 3.2-km walk/run with 32-kg load, 400-m run with 18-kg load, 5- to 30-second rushes to and from prone position, 80-kg casualty drag, obstacle course). When compared with traditional military physical training programs, PRT consistently resulted in fewer injuries and in equal or greater improvements in fitness and military task performance.

  6. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. September-October 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-01

    alejandro, De la Guerra . . . a la Guerra: La Dificil Transicion Politica en Guatemala (Guatemala: Fondo de Cultura editorial), 1995. 27. in our view, the...religious beliefs and tribal patterns of social behavior take decades to change. efforts to include sunnis in the Iraqi army are laudable. In addi- tion...and deal with “human terrain”—the social , ethnographic, cultural, economic, and political elements of the people among whom a force is operating.2

  7. Enhancing Military-Civilian Medical Synergies: The Role of Army Medical Practice in Civilian Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    for medical malpractice while providing medical services in a civilian facility have been topics of major discus- sion and policy guidance from the...and Dental Care, Section 1089, Defense of Certain Suits Arising Out of Medical Malpractice . As of November 7, 2015: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/granule...Melinda Moore, Michael A. Wermuth, Gary Cecchine, Paul M. Colthirst Enhancing Military–Civilian Medical Synergies The Role of Army Medical

  8. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army, July-August 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    physicians. Attention and sympa- thy result in instant gratification for all people, as much in this culture as any. And, who better to provide this...U.S. Army Human terrain teams help commanders understand the people, the key factor in a counterinsurgency fight. 85 Warfare by Internet : The...we turn away from social science and enter the field of program evalu- ation. A quick internet search of the term “program evaluation” reveals a

  9. Organizational Analysis of the United States Army Evaluation Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Technology Development ( TD ) Phase (from Army Test and Evaluation Command, 2013, p. 65) .......................................39  Figure 11.  Evaluation...Technology Development ( TD ) Phase (from Army Test and Evaluation Command, 2013, p. 65) 40 Figure 11. Evaluation Activities during Engineering...question and answer session with the AEC Command Group; CSM Top Nine; AST Basics & Mock AST; Program Manager’s Perspective; DOT& 101 and DASD (DT&E

  10. United States Army in the Gulf War. Certain Victory,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Operations, February 27, 1400 5-6, Ground Operations, February 28, 2000 xiii In war, then, let our great object be victory, not lengthy campaigns. Sun Tzu, The...began a fundamental reforma - tion of Army training. It adopted a simple and direct slogan: "An army must train as it fights." Training reform began by...or pro- gram deserved funding priority. Legions of young officer-analysts labored intently to produce tightly argued, amply documented justifica

  11. Fog of War: Psychopharmaceutical "Side Effects" and the United States Military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chua, Jocelyn Lim

    2016-09-20

    The unprecedented reliance today on psychiatric drugs to maintain mission readiness in war and to treat veterans at home has been the subject of ethical debate in the United States. While acknowledging these debates, I advocate for an ethnography of how US soldiers and veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars themselves articulate political and ethical tensions in their experiences of psychiatric drug treatment. Detailing one army veteran's interpretations of drug effects as narrated through the lens of his current antiwar politics, I examine the radicalizing transformations of self and subjectivity that he attributes both to his witnessing drug use in Iraq and to the neurochemical effects of his own medications. Playing on the biomedical notion of "side effects," I highlight surprising political and ethical openings that can surface when psychopharmaceuticals and war intersect. Psychotropic medication use offers a critical realm for furthering the ethnographic study of the lived tensions and contradictions of military medicine and medicalization as revealed in militarized embodied experience.

  12. The U.S. Army in a Civil-Military Support Role in Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-01

    American countries, but if 3 106 Carta de Conducta de Riobamba [Charter of Conduct] presented to the United Nations General Assembly by the Permanent...34Perspectives on Nationbuilding in Low-Intensity/High-Probability Conflicts: Medical Strategy." Military Review 2 (February 1989). Carta de Conducta

  13. Right Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    insignia or rank. In the account of Hu Jintao’s speech published by Xinhua News Service, Hu is quoted as saying that “the Second Artillery Corps is...archives keeper, club director, auto service unit head, driving instructor, head of soldiers training unit, nurse, and [logistics manager] in...were filled by contract civilian personnel.33 While these contract workers wear military uniforms (without insignia or rank) and may be required to go

  14. Military Recruiting: Army National Guard Needs to Continue Monitoring, Collect Better Data, and Assess Incentives Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    stations, and misconduct or juvenile major misconduct for drug use, possession, or drug paraphernalia, to include marijuana . DOD agreed in its comments...isolated incident. The way in which a soldier’s discharge is characterized affects certain benefits , such as future reenlistment into military...service, obtaining civilian employment, and receipt of veteran’s benefits . In addition, the ARNG may recoup incentives from soldiers who received unearned

  15. A Shared Burden: The Military and Civilian Consequences of Army Pain Management Since 2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    their mental processes while in the actively addicted stage. People who are addicted to a drug often steal to have resources to buy the drugs that...military orders when they begin taking opioids, in contrast to a demand-side driven drug abuse crisis fueled by undisci- plined soldiers buying drugs...such as an opioid, in order to operate normally. This is known as dependency. When there is the added psychological compulsion , or obsession, to

  16. DOD Financial Management: Actions Needed to Address Deficiencies in Controls over Army Active Duty Military Payroll

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    guidance on basic pay calculations; special pays, including pay of medical and dental officers, pay for hostile fire or imminent danger, and pay for...agents collect, analyze, and disseminate criminal intelligence; conduct protective service operations; provide forensic laboratory support; and maintain...focused our analysis on the remaining 221 investigations consisting of 190 investigations that related only to potential military pay fraud and 31 that

  17. The Army’s Military Decision Making: Adequate or Update and Expand

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-22

    spread of tuberculosis by an American determined to attend his wedding and honeymoon in Greece gripped the nation.4 Further, ideas can be exchanged...civilian support? Tear down the barriers that currently exist between the military and the civilian population. Allow gays to openly serve, allow...organization doesn’t necessarily have to like gays or those who prefer gothic style dress. What is important is that the desired endstate is the

  18. India’s British Army: the Honorable East India Company’s Lasting Military Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    gaps which were as great or greater than that which American forces faced in 21st century Iraq and Afghanistan. Definitions and Terms The...between the Company’s model and that of American campaigns of the 21st century . While the employment of mercenaries was common during the Company’s era...18th, and 19th centuries by cultivating a privatized and indigenous military force there by way of the Honorable East India Company. In doing so

  19. Continental United States Military Housing Inspections Southeast

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-24

    Federal Government by leading change , speaking truth, and promoting excellence—a diverse organization, working together as one professional team...and safety, including focus on mold, asbestos, radon, lead-based paint, drinking water quality, and pest management. We conducted this inspection in...throughout the United States. Introduction 2 │ DODIG-2015-181 Southeastern United States The climate of the Southeastern region (Figure 1) of the United States

  20. The State of the US Army and Space Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Allison, Avery

    1998-01-01

    .... This study explores the importance of space support to U.S. ground warfighters. U.S. military planners have made efforts to develop space policy and doctrine reflecting the end of the Cold War and emerging space systems technology...

  1. Effects of Age and Military Service on Strength and Physiological Characteristics of U.S. Army Soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abt, John P; Perlsweig, Katherine; Nagai, Takashi; Sell, Timothy C; Wirt, Michael D; Lephart, Scott M

    2016-02-01

    Soldiers must maintain tactical performance capabilities over the course of their career. Loss in physical readiness may be a function of age and the operational demands associated with increasing years of service. The purpose of this study was to assess strength and physiological characteristics in different cohorts of U.S. Army Soldiers based on years of service and age. A total of 253 Soldiers (age: 28.1 ± 6.8 years; height: 1.76 ± 0.11 m; mass: 84.1 ± 12.2 kg) participated. Individual subject cohorts were created based on years of service (1-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years) and age (20-24 years, 25-29 years, 30-34 years, 35-39 years, 40-44 years). Testing included shoulder, knee, ankle, and torso strength, aerobic capacity/lactate threshold, anaerobic power/capacity, and body composition/total mass. Those with 11 to 15 years of service and between ages 30 and 34 had a higher percentage of body fat, and lower aerobic capacity and lactate threshold than younger Soldiers with fewer years of service. Physical training interventions should focus on maintenance of physiological characteristics to offset the loss of readiness at the similar time point of 11 to 15 years of service and 30 to 34 years of age. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  2. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army, July-August 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    small part to the relative stability afforded Mexico by the long reign of Porfirio Diaz . That peace came at a price: Diaz was a military officer who...seized power and ruled as a de facto dictator for most of the years between 1876 and 1911. Mexico began to mod- ernize under the Diaz regime, but his...popular support for the aging general. When Diaz backtracked on his promise to step down from power and allow a fair election in 1910, a new revolution

  3. Bridging the Planning Gap: Linking Conceptual Army Design to Military Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    Peter Paret (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976), 100-108; Antoine Henri de Jomini, The Art of War, trans. By CPT. G.H Mendell , and LT...Antoine Henri de. The Art of War. Trans by CPT G.H. Mendell , and LT. W.P. Craighill. Philadelphia, PA: Praeger Publishers, 1862. Revised Edition...September-October 2008): 33-39. Gregor , William J. “Military Planning Systems and Stability Operations.” PRISM. Volume 1, No. 3 ( June 2010): 99-114

  4. A Shrinking Army in Europe: Can the US Achieve Its Military Strategic Goals Without It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    European Military Capabilities 2013- 2025 Challenges and Avenues Report,” 16 (May 2013): 17-18; Luke Coffey, “The Future of U.S. Bases in Europe: A View...to Participate in Steadfast Jazz,” “Steadfast Jazz 2013 is [how] we demonstrate our strong national commitment to NATO.” LTG Campbell . 224NATO... Luke . “The Future of U.S. Bases in Europe: A View from America.” Lecture, Baltic Defense College, Tartu, Estonia, June 12, 2013. Coffey, Luke , and

  5. Effects of military-authorized activities on the San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berry, W.H.; Standley, W.G.; O`Farrell, T.P.; Kato, T.T.

    1992-10-01

    The effects of military-authorized activities on San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) were investigated at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site from 1988 to 1991. Military-authorized activities included military training exercises, facilities maintenance, new construction, controlled burning, livestock grazing, and public-access hunting. Positive effects of the military included habitat preservation, preactivity surveys, and natural resources management practices designed to conserve kit foxes and their habitat. Perceived negative effects such as entrapment in dens, shootings during military exercises, and accidental poisoning were not observed. Foxes were observed in areas being used simultaneously by military units. Authorized activities were known to have caused the deaths of three of 52 radiocollared foxes recovered dead: one became entangled in concertina wire, one was believed shot by a hunter, and one was struck by a vehicle. Entanglement in communication wire may have contributed to the death of another radiocollared fox that was killed by a predator. Approximately 10% of kit fox dens encountered showed evidence of vehicle traffic, but denning sites did not appear to be a limiting factor for kit foxes.

  6. United States cost of military force projection in the Persian Gulf, 1976-2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stern, Roger J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the first estimate of United States military cost for Persian Gulf force (C PGfp ) derived entirely by a quantitative method. An activity-based cost (ABC) model uses geographic distribution of aircraft carriers as a proxy allocator of Department of Defense (DoD) baseline cost to regional operations. Allocation follows simply from DoD data that since 1990 no less than one aircraft carrier has been continuously on-station in the Persian Gulf; that eight are required to keep one on-station there; that the Navy has had eleven-fifteen carriers since 1990; and that Army and Air Force units are virtually never deployed to combat operations without Navy units. For 1976-2007 C PGfp is estimated to be $6.8 x 10 12 and for 2007 $0.5 x 10 12 (2008$). This substantial military investment is not a remedy for the market failure at the heart of regional security problem, which is oil market power. When C PGfp is added to economic losses attributed to market power in another recent study, the severity of this market failure becomes more apparent. (author)

  7. Low fitness, low body mass and prior injury predict injury risk during military recruit training: a prospective cohort study in the British Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Mark; Siddall, Andrew; Bilzon, James; Thompson, Dylan; Greeves, Julie; Izard, Rachel; Stokes, Keith

    2016-01-01

    Injuries sustained by military recruits during initial training impede training progression and military readiness while increasing financial costs. This study investigated training-related injuries and injury risk factors among British Army infantry recruits. Recruits starting infantry training at the British Army Infantry Training Centre between September 2008 and March 2010 were eligible to take part. Information regarding lifestyle behaviours and injury history was collected using the Military Pre-training Questionnaire. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, physical fitness and injury (lower limb and lower back) data were obtained from Army databases. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were used to explore the association between time to first training injury and potential risk factors. 58% (95% CI 55% to 60%) of 1810 recruits sustained at least 1 injury during training. Overuse injuries were more common than traumatic injuries (65% and 35%, respectively). The lower leg accounted for 81% of all injuries, and non-specific soft tissue damage was the leading diagnosis (55% of all injuries). Injuries resulted in 122 (118 to 126) training days lost per 1000 person-days. Slower 2.4 km run time, low body mass, past injury and shin pain were independently associated with higher risk of any injury. There was a high incidence of overuse injuries in British Army recruits undertaking infantry training. Recruits with lower pretraining fitness levels, low body mass and past injuries were at higher risk. Faster 2.4 km run time performance and minimal body mass standards should be considered for physical entry criteria.

  8. Secular Trends in the Physical Fitness of United States Army Recruits on Entry to Service, 1975-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Sharp, Marilyn A; Steelman, Ryan A

    2017-07-01

    Knapik, JJ, Sharp, MA, and Steelman, RA. Secular trends in the physical fitness of United States Army recruits on entry to service, 1975-2013. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2030-2052, 2017-A systematic literature search was conducted to identify and analyze articles that reported on physical fitness of new US Army recruits. The National Library of Medicine's PubMed and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched using the keywords (military personnel OR trainee OR recruit OR soldier) AND (physical fitness OR strength OR endurance OR flexibility OR balance OR coordination OR muscle contraction OR running OR exercise OR physical conditioning). Reference lists of obtained articles and contact with authors enhanced the search. Studies were selected if they involved recruits in Basic Combat Training or One-Station Unit Training, provided a quantitative assessment of at least one fitness measure, and the fitness measure(s) were obtained early in training. Average values for each fitness measure were obtained, plotted by the year of data collection, and fitted to linear regression models (fitness measure × year). Fifty-three articles met the review criteria. Regression analysis indicated little temporal change in height, but body weight, body mass index, body fat, and fat-free mass increased over time. Limited V[Combining Dot Above]O2max data suggested no temporal change in male recruits, but those in female recruits V[Combining Dot Above]O2max seem to have slightly improved. Apparently contradicting the V[Combining Dot Above]O2max findings, performance on endurance runs (1- and 2-mile) declined, possibly because of the increase in body weight. Muscular endurance (push-ups, sit-ups) demonstrated little systematic change over time. Limited but multiple measures of muscular strength suggest a temporal increase in strength. Specific components of US Army recruit fitness seem to have changed over time.

  9. Injuries and injury prevention among senior military officers at the Army War College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; McCollam, Rebecca; Canham-Chervak, Michelle; Hoedebecke, Edward; Arnold, Stephanie; Craig, Steven; Barko, William

    2002-07-01

    Injuries and activities associated with injuries were extracted from a retrospective review of the medical records of officers attending the U.S. Army War College during academic years 1999 and 2000 (AY99 and AY00). In AY99, cumulative injury incidence (officers with one or more injuries) was 56%. The next year (AY00), there was command emphasis on injury reduction and education of students on injury prevention strategies. Cumulative injury incidence in AY00 was 44%, significantly lower than in AY99 (p = 0.01, risk ratio [AY99/AY99] = 1.3, 95% confidence interval = 1.1-1.5). Among activities that could be linked to injuries, sports were associated with 41% in AY99 and 45% in AY00. Recommendations for ongoing injury reduction include the following: (1) continued command emphasis and instruction on injury reduction techniques; (2) encouraging the use of semirigid ankle braces to reduce ankle sprains; (3) reducing the number of practice and game sessions in sports activities; (4) encouraging overrunning of second and third base in softball; (5) prohibiting contact with the center line below the net in volleyball; and (6) encouraging medical care providers to record the activity associated with each injury in the medical records.

  10. Unparalleled Need: Human Intelligence Collectors in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    1977 and 1997 comprise 27% of the current workforce and are referred to as “the Echo of the Baby Boom, Net Generation, Gen Y, or Millennials .”40 Most... advertisements to this generation through recruiting chat rooms, online recruiters, Facebook and other social media outlets. This type of... advertisement focuses on showcasing Army life, benefits, and provides a brief overview of job opportunities. The Net Generation spends time online researching

  11. The United States Army Medical Department Journal. October - December 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    readiness of healthcare providers to deliver palliative care in a combat environment Medium Closed Evaluating pain management by examining...promotes quality care outcomes. The CNL master’s level curriculum is offered in response to the profound changes in the increasingly complex healthcare...of Army Nurses’ Redeployment Experiences COL Denise L. Hopkins-Chadwick Combat Casualty Care Nursing Research and the Joint Combat Casualty Research

  12. United States Army Rangers in Somalia: An Analysis of Combat Casualties on an Urban Battlefield

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mabry, Robert L; Holcomb, John B; Baker, Andrew M; Cloonan, Clifford C; Uhorchak, John M; Perkins, Denver E; Canfield, Anthony J; Hagmann, John H

    2000-01-01

    .... From July 1998 to March 1999 data were collected for a retrospective analysis of all combat casualties sustained by United States military forces in Mogadishu, Somalia, on October 3 and 4, 1993...

  13. Evaluation of the management excellency program: the Perception of the Military of the Permanent Corp of the Preparatory School of Cadets of the Brazilian Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogerio da Silva Nunes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the implementation of the Management Excellence Program of the Brazilian Army (PEG-EB in the Preparatory School Army Cadets (EsPCEx identify the importance of the program and show the perception of this permanent implantation in the body of officers and men. The military presented their perceptions on the program and its implementation across the seven quality criteria Quality Program of the Federal Government (PQGF. We administered a survey instrument with 53 assertions, referring to the criteria adopted by the PEG-EB, the 175 soldiers belong to the complementary Officer (QCO and Technical Services Temporary (STT of EsPCEx with a Likert scale, graded zero to four. The results were tabulated with multivariate analysis, performed using a statistical package(SPSS and shows the participants' perception of the quality program for each of the criteria adopted by the PEG-EB.

  14. The United States Army Medical Department Journal. July - September 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    the distribution of mosquito- proof screens for drinking water containers; and placement, by volunteers , of 2 to 5 lethal ovitraps with the pyrethroid...addition to their increasing importance to the tourism industry. Protecting military personnel and civilians against arthropod vectors and the...past, multiple travelers returning to Guam from other locations have brought back cases of dengue, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, and even filariasis

  15. Colonial Army Formats in Africa and Post-Colonial Military Coups:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSOS USER

    Table 1: Governments in the 'Nigerian' supra-national state, 1960-1999. Duration. Head of state. Government. Ethnic origin. How rule ended. 1960-66. Balewa. Civilian ... runaway Hausa slaves.24 In 1903, almost half a century later, the bulk of the forces ...... in Africa while ignoring the relevant need to address its origin.

  16. Russian Basic Course: Military Situations, Exercises 1-35.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    Thirty-five military situations treated in this volume provide exercises in the use of practical military terminology received from the United States Army General School. Each exercise is devoted to a specific topic, and in each case lists of new words and idioms together with their English equivalents are provided. Lessons consist primarily of…

  17. [Formation and development of military-medical service of Terek Cossak Army in XIX--beginning XX c].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhmadov, T Z

    2012-10-01

    The article is dedicated to one nor enough investigated question of medical supplement of irregular Cossak army in North Caucasus in XIX--beginning XX c. The role of the government and cossaks in formation and development of medical service in Terek Cossak Army is showed. Characteristic pecularities of health care of mountain population after administrative development of the district by Tsar Russia. The author underlined that despite the disadvantages, medical service of Terek Cossak Army and Terek district in described period was right developing system of medical care for irregular army and population.

  18. The Military Intelligence Officer Corps: Evolving Into the 21st Century

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Torrisi, Annette L

    2007-01-01

    For the past two decades the Military Intelligence (MI) Officer Corps of the United States Army, has evolved in response to legislative requirements, organizational culture and the changing security environment of the nation...

  19. Educating for Innovation: Finding Balance in the Army’s Professional Military Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    challenges of future warfare as volatile, complex, and uncertain. It goes on to state that winning in such an environment “will require innovative...Williams, M.A. Accepted this 10th day of June 2016 by: , Director, Graduate Degree Programs Robert F. Baumann, Ph.D. The opinions...describes the challenges of future warfare as volatile, complex, and uncertain. It goes on to state that winning in such an environment “will require

  20. Use of Acupuncture in the United States Military Healthcare System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Cathaleen; Patel, Avni; Vaughan, Megan; Koehlmoos, Tracey

    2018-02-01

    Objectives: The Military Healthcare System (MHS) shows increasing interest in acupuncture as an alternative to opioids for pain control. However, specific factors associated with this procedure in the MHS are not well-described in literature. This study examines usage within the MHS to determine patterns among the diagnoses, provider types, and facilities associated with acupuncture. Materials and Methods: Acupuncture-treated patients were identified from TRICARE claims data in the MHS Data Repository as having at least one acupuncture treatment in fiscal year (FY) 2014. Bivariate analysis was performed to determine demographics, diagnoses, and number of visits, for both active-duty and nonactive-duty personnel. Descriptive statistics were used to show associated provider and facility types. Results: A total of 15,761 people received acupuncture in the MHS in FY 2014. Use of acupuncture was greater for Army service, white race, and senior enlisted rank overall, and for males ages 26-35 among active-duty and females ages 46-64 among nonactive-duty beneficiaries. A cumulative 76% of diagnoses were for musculoskeletal or nerve and system issues. Approximately 60% of patients received acupuncture from physicians, 16% from physical therapists or chiropractors, and 9.7% from physician extenders. Specific acupuncture techniques (traditional, auricular, etc.) could not be determined from the data set. Conclusions: The most common diagnoses associated with acupuncture are consistent with pain management. However, full analysis is hampered by inconsistent coding and lack of granularity regarding specific techniques. Given the popularity of acupuncture in the MHS, further research is necessary to explore the full scope of this intervention.

  1. An Assessment of Alcohol and Drug Education/Prevention Programs in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-12-01

    paraphernalia such as exotic pipes, black lights, psychedelic posters, and the like. These elements of the drug culture must be considered when one...methods used were successf-il in curbing hard drug use, and that the benefits outweigh the costs, we recommend that the Army implemeni the program on a...Research ProbI~t • KI•773-3 ,’AN_ ASSESSMENIT OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG - EDUCATIONP/ EVENTIOON PROGRAMS IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY. 0t -.. -’. "--,’- D D

  2. Army Support of Military Cyberspace Operations: Joint Contexts and Global Escalation Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Alexander as well as its cur- rent operations led by Admiral Michael Rog - ers. Also, it assesses the command’s mission to direct operations, defend...Questions for Vice Admiral Michael S. Rog - ers, USN Nominee for Commander, United States Cyber Com- mand,” Washington, DC: U.S. Senate, March 11

  3. Fiscal Year 2011 United States Army Annual Financial Report. America’s Army: At a Strategic Crossroads

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    effective. Comprehensive efforts are being aggresively engaged to reform the Army’s procurement methods with the following goal: to develop and...Research and Development Center; (3) the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command laboratories; and, (4) the Army Research Institute for Behavioral and

  4. Suggestions to organizational structure of system of state administration of military-technical policy of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. F. Salnikova

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the article the organizational structure of the system of state administration of military-technical policy is offered. Management of military-technical policy, as by the single integral system, is fixed in basis of construction of the system of state administration is considered. Connection of organizational structure of state administration of military-technical policy and development of its theory assist successful activity in military-technical sphere. In the article the spheres of cooperation of military-technical policy are distinguished with other systems. An author notices that military-technical policy can be examined as a certain result cooperations of many systems, that, in turn, feel the limited influence of military-technical policy, that, accordingly, can promote efficiency of functioning each of the cooperating with her systems. An author gives suggestions to the organizational structure of the system of state administration of military-technical policy, basic from which are: possibility of the balanced account in military-technical policy: political, soldiery, economic, resource, moral, cultural, social, educational and other interests of the state, society, different groups of population and separate members; possibility quickly to set rational technology of activity of the state of military-technical sphere and its constituents, including technology of development, creation and production of new standards, complexes of armament, taking into account world their progress and development of world military industry trends; possibility of coordination of activity of organs of executive power, ministries, at departments in military-technical sphere by decrees, commissions and orders of higher public servant of Ukraine in the real mode of time; possibility of establishment of single policy of the state in relation to the basic products of military-oriented and resources.

  5. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-15

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals Matthew C. Weed Specialist in Foreign...Policy Legislation January 15, 2016 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R43760 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force...about the President’s authority to use military force against the Islamic State. Some efforts began near the end of the 113 th Congress to consider

  6. The United States Army and malaria control in World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hays, C W

    2000-06-01

    The United States Army faced difficult malaria control problems both at home and abroad during World War II. This challenge forced the Army to develop new tools and strategies for use in malarious areas where fighting was occurring. Due to the severe malaria problems being faced in some combat areas and the need to solve these problems quickly, intensive malaria research and operational programs were developed and implemented. With these concerted efforts and the simultaneous development of new control technologies, malaria was successfully controlled in most locations. In order to accomplish this high level of control both in the US and overseas, the Army developed a very organized approach to the malaria problem and implemented it in an effective manner. The creation of new technical solutions was also strongly emphasized and out of this effort came the development of effective antimalaria drugs to replace quinine, of new insecticides and of more effective systems for delivering these insecticides. Some of the major new tools which came out of this research were DDT and drugs such as Atabrine and chloroquine. The availability of Atabrine and DDT revolutionized malaria control throughout the world. The knowledge and experience gained through the use of these new tools by the US Army and other agencies in World War II provided the basis for a new optimism regarding malaria control which then led to the development of the global malaria eradication strategy in the post-war years.

  7. 75 FR 60159 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7189] Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2010... investigating, prosecuting, and punishing military and police personnel who have been credibly alleged to have...

  8. [Role of the army physician in health protection of military personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belevitin, A B; Shelepov, A M; Kul'nev, S V; Mironkin, N A

    2011-01-01

    In the article are considered: the history of formation of military medicine in Russia; requirements, presented to the level of processing of military doctors and formulated in the form of competences. The disadvantages are analyzed and single out the ways of perfection in work of the troop echelon of medical service in modern conditions of reforming of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

  9. How the United States Army Reserve Can Effectively Support the Defense Support of Civilian Authorities Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-15

    status, Soldiers are paid for unit training assemblies or UTAs . A UTA lasts four hours and is equal to one day of active duty base pay. An eight-hour...radiological nuclear (CBRN) units in communities throughout the United States. The USAR focus on the homeland security and defense mission will allow the...active Army to concentrate its resources on preparing for and responding to overseas contingency operations. Using the USAR in support of the ARNG in

  10. Physical Fitness Symposium, 12-14 October 1970, United States Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-10-14

    supervision of the Leadership Department, United States Army Infantry School. In the Academic Section, a student-faculty ratio of approximately 3:1 would...Preventive measures generally include development of the muscles and connective tissue in the knee area. Strengthening the quadricep and... hamstring muscles greatly increases stabilization of the knee Joint. Most of the exercises recocnended for this purpose require some type of apparatus

  11. Building on a Foundation of Strength: Fiscal Year 2012 United States Army Annual Financial Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    lightweight armor, energetic materials, night vision) and when the commercial incentive to invest is lacking due to limited markets, e.g., vaccines for...and continue to exist. Because of inherent limitations in internal controls, misstatements due to error or fraud , losses, or noncompliance may...instances of fraud . The Army stated that the target date for correcting this material weakness is the second quarter of FY 2013. Reconciliation of

  12. Information as Power: An Anthology of Selected United States Army War College Student Papers. Volume 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    operations, but “the commander also needs to overcome the false need for instant gratification that is the expected norm for kinetic measures of...with a camera cell phone or personal digital device with Internet capability understands this. Adversary use of information as an asymmetric strategic...Strategy Lieutenant Colonel Douglas S. Smith United States Army Reserve Cyberspace has become part of the fabric of the modern world. Internet usage is

  13. 32 CFR 631.14 - Army policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Soldiers, military and/or Department of the Army Civilian (DAC) police performing off-installation... areas OCONUS. (b) Military and/or DAC police assigned to off-installation operations have the sole... under the command of, U.S. Army superiors. Military and DAC police may come to the aid of civilian law...

  14. Improved Mood State and Absence of Sex Differences in Response to the Stress of Army Basic Combat Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Harris R; Karl, J Philip; McClung, James P; Williams, Kelly W; Cable, Sonya

    2016-11-01

    It is reported that women are more susceptible to stress than men but they have not been compared in stressful, real-world, team-centered, occupational/training environments. This study investigated effects of Army Basic Combat Training (BCT), a structured military training program, on the mood of young adult men and women. Using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire, 169 soldiers (98 men and 71 women) were assessed prior to starting BCT and after each phase of training. Significant improvements were found in five of six subscales over the course of BCT. Men and women responded positively and similarly to BCT. POMS scores attributable to an interaction of time and each factor of sex, age group, education level, ethnicity, and race were not significantly different. When studied in the same environment and exposed to the same stressors, men and women in this study responded similarly. The positive changes in mood in both sexes during BCT appear to result from the interaction of a structured physical and cognitive training program conducted in a team-oriented environment, and indicate that BCT enhances soldier mood similarly regardless of sex. © 2016 The Authors. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Association of Applied Psychology.

  15. Brigadier General James Stevens Simmons (1890-1954), Medical Corps, United States Army: a career in preventive medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marble, Sanders

    2012-02-01

    James Simmons began his career in the US Army as a laboratory officer and his assignments progressed into tropical medicine research. His interests and work evolved into preventive medicine (PM, as the Army termed public health), and he took both a PhD and a Doctorate in Public Health. As the Army's leading PM officer he was appointed head of PM in 1940 and guided the Army's PM effort through World War II. His responsibility ran from gas masks through healthy nutrition and occupational health to an enormous variety of diseases; by the war's end, the breadth and importance of PM was reflected in the Preventive Medicine Division, having fully one-sixth of all military personnel at the Surgeon General's Office. Simmons used his strong professional credentials to tap into civilian medicine for expertise the Army lacked and he established organizations that survive to this day. After retirement, he sought to expand the field of public health and raise another generation of public health physicians.

  16. Incidence and epidemiology of spinal cord injury within a closed American population: the United States military (2000-2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenfeld, A J; McCriskin, B; Hsiao, M; Burks, R

    2011-08-01

    Cohort study. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) within the population of the United States military from 2000-2009. This investigation also sought to define potential risk factors for the development of SCI. The population of the United States military from 2000-2009. The Defense Medical Epidemiology Database was queried for the years 2000-2009 using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for SCI (806.0, 806.1, 806.2, 806.3, 806.4, 806.5, 806.8, 806.9, 952.0, 952.1, 952.2, 952.8, 952.9). The raw incidence of SCI was calculated and unadjusted incidence rates were generated for the risk factors of age, sex, race, military rank and branch of service. Adjusted incidence rate ratios were subsequently determined via multivariate Poisson regression analysis that controlled for other factors in the model and identified significant independent risk factors for SCI. Between 2000 and 2009, there were 5928 cases of SCI among a population at-risk of 13,813,333. The raw incidence of SCI within the population was 429 per million person-years. Male sex, white race, enlisted personnel and service in the Army, Navy or Marine Corps were found to be significant independent risk factors for SCI. The age groups 20-24, 25-29 and >40 were also found to be at significantly greater risk of developing the condition. This study is one of the few investigations to characterize the incidence, epidemiology and risk factors for SCI within the United States. Results presented here may represent the best-available evidence for risk factors of SCI in a large and diverse American cohort.

  17. The United States Army Medical Department Journal, April - June 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Fort Sam Houston. CONCLUSION The 2006 DoD Quadrennial Defense Review states: …the ability to wage irregular and unconventional war- fare and the...interest as those of the US armed forces. Additionally, the KNIH conducts sero-surveillance for the presence of JE antibodies /infection from slaughtered...daily, lifetime exposure, and are typically derived to protect children, pregnant women, and other sensitive populations. These are not effect levels

  18. Evaluation of the utility and energy monitoring and control system installed at the US Army, Europe, 409th Base Support Battalion, Military Community at Grafenwoehr, Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broders, M.A.; Ruppel, F.R.

    1993-05-01

    Under the provisions of Interagency Agreement DOE 1938-B090-A1 between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Army Europe (USAREUR), Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., is providing technical assistance to USAREUR in the areas of computer science, information engineering, energy studies, and engineering and systems development. One of the initial projects authorized under this interagency agreement is the evaluation of utility and energy monitoring and control systems (UEMCSs) installed at selected US Army installations in Europe. This report is an evaluation of the overall energy-conservation effectiveness and use of the UEMCS at the 409th Base Support Battalion located in Grafenwoehr, Germany. The 409th Base Support Battalion is a large USAREUR military training facility that comprises a large training area, leased housing, the main post area, and the camp areas that include Camps Aachen, Algier, Normandy, Cheb, and Kasserine. All of these facilities are consumers of electrical and thermal energy. However, only buildings and facilities in the main post area and Camps Aachen, Algier, and Normandy are under the control of the UEMCS. The focus of this evaluation report is on these specific areas. Recommendations to further increase energy and cost savings and to improve operation of the UEMCS are proposed.

  19. The Politics of Air Power: From Confrontation to Cooperation in Army Aviation Civil-Military Relations, 1919-1940

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rice, Rondall

    2002-01-01

    .... In order to sway public opinion and elected officials, air leaders used propaganda to arouse public sentiment and circumvented military and civilian superiors to appeal directly to like-minded congressmen...

  20. Women’s Work: Incorporating Females into the United States Military Strategy to Contain and Degrade Boko Haram

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    view. My most important source of support this year came from my family. Being dual military with two young kids it quickly became apparent that it...ARCIC). 2017. “Army Warfighting Challenges.” January 26. Accessed January 26, 2017. https://www.milsuite.mil/ book /servlet/ JiveServlet /preview Body

  1. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Needs to Improve Contract Oversight of Military Construction Projects at Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    Inspector General of the Department of Defense,400 Army Navy Drive,Arlington,VA,22202-4704 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING...11-14 (Contract No. W912ER-10-C-0044). The purpose of the project was to construct four concrete masonry unit barracks (phases 11-14) to provide

  2. The Effects of German Military Commission and Balkan Wars on the Reorganization and Modernization of the Ottoman Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    family. I find it impossible to adequately express my thanks for my father, Ali Riza , who taught me patience and discipline; my mother, Seçim, who... Arif İsmet Bey reprimanded the ulema by saying, “While you are lounging in leisure in the corners of the medrese, the army remains hungry and destitute

  3. Influence of a Viscoelastic Insole on Foot, Knee and Back Pain among Members of the United States Army Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    mat and shoe softness during prolonged work in upright position: based on measurements of low back muscle EMG , foot volume changes, discomfort and...have been associated with musculoskeletal pain of the feet as well as discomfort and fatigue of the back and lower extremities. U.S. Army Band...MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY BAND AUGUST 2009-MARCH 2010 1. INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE. Minimizing fatigue and musculoskeletal pain is important

  4. Tesks and the role of the All-Army Register in health estimation of servicemen-liquidators of the Chenrobyl NPP disaster consequences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shantyr', I.I.; Korobov, S.B.

    1993-01-01

    The All-Army Register produced in 1988 is the structural element of the State Medical-Dosimetric Register of Russia. The All-Army Register realizes personal automated registration of the officers of the Russian Federation Military Ministry, who took part in the Chernobyl NPP accident elimination, automated registration of irradiation doses and diseases developed later. Reference-information data base is formed

  5. Increased Suicides in the United States Army: Improving the Effectiveness of the US Army’s Suicide Prevention Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    a major cause of suicide, as expressed by an individual who suffered from it to the extent that he made a compulsive decision that almost cost him...Has the US Army Suicide Prevention Program changed the rate (either increased or decreased) of suicide in terms of more “ buy in” from senior leadership

  6. Human Emotional State and its Relevance for Military VR Training

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rizzo, Albert; Morie, Jacquelyn F; Williams, Josh; Pair, Jarrell; Buckwalter, J. G

    2005-01-01

    .... Real world military training often naturally includes stress induction that aims to promote a similarity of internal emotional stimulus cues with what is expected to be present on the battlefield...

  7. The Airman and the State: An F-22 Pilot’s Perspective on Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-18

    military relations. The Air Force remained wedded to the Huntingtonian notion that the F-22 program lay in the military sphere and should be free of...Clinton’s intention to allow gays to serve openly. 60 Douglas Johnson and Steven Metz, “Civil-Military Relations in the United States: The State of the

  8. Force Structure: Capabilities and Cost of Army Modular Force Remain Uncertain

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2006-01-01

    .... The Army's goals for increasing combat power while introducing predictability in deployments for its soldiers are important, and the Army leadership in headquarters, military and civilian staffs...

  9. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 89, Number 2, March-April 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    conjures images of Buddhist monks in secluded med- itation, but also draws upon imagery of motorcycle maintenance to attract an audience with a...Yet the senior generals never issued clear guidelines, leaving advisers not knowing how to deal with the sleaze and corruption they routinely ...containment barriers, outposts in police precincts, neighborhood watches, combined small unit patrolling, and routine partner- ing with both the Iraqi Army

  10. Politico-Military Relations, a Basis for Military Interaction between Argentina and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-15

    cited regarding the number of the " desaparecidos ," from a high of 30,000 as provided by the subversive organizations down to only a few as provided by...the military. More than a difference of inflating or deflating numbers, the problem is the definition itself of what a " desaparecido " really is. Many

  11. THE MILITARY STATE IN SOUTH AMERICA: INTERVENTIONISM, CAUDILLOS AND ARMED FORCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDRO RIVAS NIETO

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available In this work the author analyzes the elements of the Military State, which was the result of National Security Regimes. They ruled South America during the last third of the 20th century. The behaviour of the Armed Forces is compared with that of the classic caudillos. The Armed Forces-Civil Society relationship is studied too. And, of course, the intervention in political issues by the military and their relationship with political parties is also analyzed, as well. The conclusion ends with an analysis of the authoritarian nature of Military State.

  12. Effect of Food, Diet and Nutrition on Military Readiness and Preparedness of Army Personnel and Dependents in a Peacetime Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-15

    Law 45CFR46. " -, i0 -- In conducting research utilizing recombinant DNA technology , the investigator(s) adhered to current guidelines promulgated by...3) Diet, Neurotransmitters and Behavior, Chandan Prasad, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, 4) Cardiovascular Helth Promotion for Military Personnel and...Report, Volume 1, Number 7. Applied Technology Associates, Inc. 1989. 18 8. Multidimensional leukocyte differential analysis. Coulter Hematology

  13. The Army Selected Reserve Dental Readiness System: overview, assessment, and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honey, James R

    2013-06-01

    The Army Selected Reserve Dental Readiness System (ASDRS) is a key dental program directed by the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower & Reserve Affairs) starting in fiscal year 09. The Army National Guard and Army Reserve have steadily implemented ASDRS over the past 3 years as a means to improve the historically abysmal dental readiness of the Army Reserve Component (RC). Dental readiness is essential for sustaining an Army RC Operational Force. ASDRS is a tool for RC commanders to provide contract dental readiness care in support of over 558 thousand nonmobilized Selected Reserve Citizen-Soldiers dispersed throughout the 54 states and U.S. territories, at home station before alert, and if necessary after alert (throughout the Army force generation cycle). This article examines the status of ASDRS implementation, assesses its effectiveness in improving Army RC Dental Readiness, and provides Army leadership recommendations regarding the following focus areas: (1) command emphasis, (2) program execution, and (3) synergy with the Military Health System and Department of Veterans Affairs. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  14. 75 FR 22756 - Federal Advisory Committee; United States Army Science Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... relating to the Army's scientific, technical, manufacturing, acquisition, logistics, and business... the following disciplines: Science, technology, manufacturing, acquisition, logistics, business...; the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology; and as requested, other...

  15. Gender Disparities Within US Army Orthopedic Surgery: A Preliminary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Christopher M; Dworak, Theodora C; Anderson, Ashley B; Brelin, Alaina M; Nesti, Leon J; McKay, Patricia L; Gwinn, David E

    2018-01-01

    Women account for approximately 15% of the active duty US Army, and studies show that women may be at an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury during sport and military training. Nationally, the field of orthopedic surgery comprises 14% women, lagging behind other surgical fields. Demographics for US Military orthopedic surgeons are not readily available. Similarly, demographic data of graduating medical students entering Military Medicine are not reported. We hypothesize that a gender disparity within military orthopedics will be apparent. We will compare the demographic profile of providers to our patients and hypothesize that the two groups are dissimilar. Secondarily, we examine the demographics of military medical students potentially entering orthopedics from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) or the Health Professions Scholarship Program. A census was formed of all US Army active duty orthopedic surgeons to include staff surgeons and residents, as well as US Army medical student graduates and orthopedic patients. There are 252 Army orthopedic surgeons and trainees; 26 (10.3%) are women and 226 (89.7%) are men. There were no significant demographic differences between residents and staff. Between 2014 and 2017, the 672 members of the USUHS graduating classes included 246 Army graduates. Of those, 62 (25%) were female. Army Health Professions Scholarship Program graduated 1,072 medical students, with women comprising 300 (28%) of the group. No statistical trends were seen over the 4 yr at USUHS or in Health Professions Scholarship Program. In total, 2,993 orthopedic clinic visits during the study period were by Army service members, 23.6% were women. There exists a gender disparity among US Army orthopedic surgeons, similar to that seen in civilian orthopedics. Gender equity is also lacking among medical students who feed into Army graduate medical education programs. The gender profile of our patient population is not

  16. Right-Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    CMC.65 He wore a PLA uniform without insignia or rank. In the account of Hu Jintao’s speech published by Xinhua News Service, Hu is quoted as saying...warehouse chief, confidential archives keeper, club director, auto service unit head, driving instructor, head of soldiers training unit, nurse, and...contract civilian personnel.33 While these contract workers wear military uniforms (without insignia or rank) and may be required to go to the field to

  17. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. October 2006. Special Edition, Counterinsurgency Reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-01

    insane ...advisers with hamlet chief in Binh Dinh Province, 1969. Te xa s Te ch V ie tn am V irt ua l A rc hi ve 79MILITARY REVIEW  March-April 2006, p11 CORDS...conference in Virginia. During the ensuing discussion, participants acknowledged that Te xa s Te ch V ie tn am V irt ua l A rc hi ve CORDS adviser,

  18. China’s Incomplete Military Transformation: Assessing the Weaknesses of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnais- sance (C4ISR) systems and its space and cyber warfare capabilities (for example, Pollpeter, 2012 ...primary sources, this analysis relied on official docu- ments, such as Chinese defense white papers, and on key PLA publica - tions on military...about the political intentions—such as whether they are intended to support Xi Jinping’s political agenda and, if so, whether they being used primarily

  19. Army Business Transformation: The Utility of Using Corporate Business Models within the Institutional Army

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bailer, Jr., John J

    2007-01-01

    .... Through a survey of the literature of published corporate business plans and models, military reports, Army depot case studies, and comparative analysis of emerging computer software technology...

  20. The Quality Improvement of Solid-State Fermentation with Cordyceps militaris by UVB Irradiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Jeng Huang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cordyceps militaris, a medicinal and edible mushroom, was used to ferment buckwheat and embryo rice by solid-state fermentation (SSF. Our aim was to investigate the effect of ultraviolet B (UVB light irradiation on the content of vitamin D2 and biologically effective components, and antioxidant properties of buckwheat and embryo rice in SSF with C. militaris. Irradiated samples of buckwheat and embryo rice fermented by C. militaris had significantly increased vitamin D2 content, from 0-0.3 to 1.18-16.79 μg/g, while the increase in fresh embryo rice fermented by C. militaris was up to 16.79 μg/g. The content of adenosine, cordycepin and polysaccharide in irradiated dry samples fermented by C. militaris was 0.08 to 11.15 mg/g, higher than that of the irradiated fresh samples fermented by C. militaris (0.07–8.40 mg/g. Samples fermented by C. militaris had lower EC50 values and higher content of antioxidants than did unfermented samples. When the solid-state fermented sample was irradiated with UVB light, the content of biologically effective and antioxidant components and antioxidant property of sample decreased. However, it still contained enough of these biologically effective and antioxidant components.

  1. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of... § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The term “military or naval forces of the United States” and the term “Armed Forces of the United States” each includes all regular...

  2. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  3. Aiming for Educated Offices: Curriculum Evolution in Early Professional Military Education in the United States, 1880-1914

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Donovan, William R; Burlbaw, Lynn M

    2007-01-01

    .... Thus, the need for education of military officers beyond their practical, academy or college-based, training provided the impetus for the establishment of schools that would eventually form the nucleus of today's Professional Military Education (PME) system of command and staff colleges and war colleges for military officers in the United States.

  4. The United States Military and the War on Drugs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Randolph, David E

    1992-01-01

    The end of the Cold War has brought wrenching changes to the U.S. Armed Forces. At a time when declining budgets and building down are the order of the day, there is one area where the military's role is actually growing: the war on drugs...

  5. Use of Acupuncture in the United States Military Healthcare System

    OpenAIRE

    Madsen, Cathaleen; Patel, Avni; Vaughan, Megan; Koehlmoos, Tracey

    2018-01-01

    Objectives: The Military Healthcare System (MHS) shows increasing interest in acupuncture as an alternative to opioids for pain control. However, specific factors associated with this procedure in the MHS are not well-described in literature. This study examines usage within the MHS to determine patterns among the diagnoses, provider types, and facilities associated with acupuncture.

  6. The Potential for Religious Conflict in the United States Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    U.S. military, Armed Forces Chaplains Board (AFCB), chaplain, chaplaincy, Judaism, Jewish, Jews, Wicca , Wiccan, pagan, neo-pagan, Satan, Native...48 b. Moral and Ethical Challenges .................................... 49 2. Gardnerian Wicca & Wicca ...75 Figure 2. Gardnerian Wicca ............................................................................... 77 Figure 3. Wicca

  7. Social Structures Affecting Army Performance

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Segal, David R

    2007-01-01

    The Center for Research on Military Organization undertook a multi-year research program on the impact of social change on the performance of Army units and of Soldiers after the end of the Cold War...

  8. US Colored Troops: A Model for US Army Foreign Army Development and Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Over the course of the Civil War, 186,000 former slaves and freedmen of African descent served in the Union Army designated as US Colored Troops...procedures, recruited, raised, trained, and organized a predominantly uneducated force for military service. The United States Colored Troops was a...force built from a population considered second class inhabitants at best, property at worst. Besides the color barrier, the white populace, government

  9. The Scroll and the Sword: Synergizing Civil-Military Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-14

    scroll is indeed mightier than the sword , both are mightiest in unison. This synergy, more than anything else, will help ensure that America and its...USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT THE SCROLL AND THE SWORD : SYNERGIZING CIVIL-MILITARY POWER by Colonel Christopher J. Holshek United States Army... Sword Synergizing Civil-Military Power 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Christopher Holshek 5d. PROJECT

  10. Minimalist Running Shoes and Injury Risk Among United States Army Soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grier, Tyson; Canham-Chervak, Michelle; Bushman, Timothy; Anderson, Morgan; North, William; Jones, Bruce H

    2016-06-01

    Minimalist running shoes (MRS) are lightweight, are extremely flexible, and have little to no cushioning. It has been thought that MRS will enhance running performance and decrease injury risk. To compare physical characteristics, fitness performance, and injury risks associated with soldiers wearing MRS and those wearing traditional running shoes (TRS). Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Participants were men in a United States Army brigade (N = 1332). Physical characteristics and Army Physical Fitness Test data were obtained by survey. Fitness performance testing was administered at the brigade, and the types of footwear worn were identified by visual inspection. Shoe types were categorized into 2 groups: TRS (stability, cushioning, and motion control) and MRS. Injuries from the previous 12 months were obtained from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. A t test was used to determine mean differences between personal characteristics, training, and fitness performance metrics by shoe type. Hazard ratios and 95% CIs were calculated to determine injury risk by shoe type, controlling for other risk factors. A majority of soldiers wore cushioning shoes (57%), followed by stability shoes (24%), MRS (17%), and motion control shoes (2%). Soldiers wearing MRS were slightly younger than those wearing TRS (P shoe type between soldiers wearing MRS compared with TRS. Soldiers who chose to wear MRS were younger and had higher physical performance scores compared with soldiers wearing TRS. When these differences are controlled, use of MRS does not appear to be associated with higher or lower injury risk in this population. © 2016 The Author(s).

  11. 32 CFR 621.1 - Loan of Army/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) owned property for use at national and State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Loan of Army/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) owned property for use at national and State conventions. 621.1 Section 621.1 National Defense Department of... of Army/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) owned property for use at national and State conventions. (a...

  12. United States military service members and their tattoos: a descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lande, R Gregory; Bahroo, Bhagwan A; Soumoff, Alyssa

    2013-08-01

    To explore the characteristics of military service tattoos a descriptive study was conducted at Walter Reed Army Medical Center to collect information from a convenience sample. An investigator-developed questionnaire provided the data for this study. Over the ensuing 12 month-period the researchers collected 126 questionnaires. Typical respondents were enlisted men with at least one deployment to an area of combat operations. Among the respondents, 57% acquired their tattoos before their deployment. One-quarter of the respondents reported only one tattoo, leaving the majority with multiple tattoos. Men received their first tattoo at an earlier age than women. The most common tattoo listed a person's name. Respondents did not regret their tattoos and rarely acquired the body art under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Little evidence was found to support a connection between tattoos and deployment. Few regretted their decisions and most all approached the tattoo experience free of any mind-altering substance. All this seems to suggest that military tattoos are a well-accepted means of self-expression. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 87, Number 5, September-October 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-01

    The ���an�ar� �a��k f��r�e had three motorized infantry bat- �al���n��, ��ne en���neer �����any, ��ne re���nna�����an�e �����any (��� �lear u� an...Chilean-argentine integration Process, “is it time to Create Permanent Combined Military Units?” ( Proceso de integración Chileno-argentino. ¿Momento

  14. The Army Profession: A Narrative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    profile cases of alleged misconduct” were symptomatic of “a much larger issue affecting the armed forces.”9 In the Associated Press, Lolita Baldor ...of-misconduct-among-high-level-military-leaders?lite (accessed January 02, 2013). 10Lolita C. Baldor , "US Army Brigadier General Jeffrey Sinclair to...Science: An Academic Discipline." Army Magazine, no. 5 (May 2005): 14-15. Baldor , Lolita C. and Michael Biesecker. "US Army Brigadier General

  15. 78 FR 43796 - Indebtedness of Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... Department of the Army 32 CFR Part 513 Indebtedness of Military Personnel AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Final rule; removal. SUMMARY: This action removes regulations concerning indebtedness of military... CFR Part 112, ``Indebtedness of Military Personnel,'' and DoD Financial Management Review (FMR...

  16. Comparison of occupational hearing losses among military engineers and their civilian counterparts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, J L; Chandler, D W

    1983-10-01

    A previous study (Chandler and Fletcher, J. Aud. Res., 1983, 23, 23-32) examined group hearing loss of 209 U.S. Army engineers by comparing current with reference audiograms. The sample was categorized by military occupation specialty, age, and time on job. The present study reports comparable data for 187 civilian engineers on the same Army post exposed to essentially the same noise. These had less hearing loss than their military counterparts. Some reasons are suggested, such as attrition of the civilian workforce because of hearing problems, and a likely greater exposure of the military engineers to noises not job-related. Age was less important than time on the job. Both groups, however, exhibited significantly lower hearing levels than the industrial population of Glorig et al (Am. Acad. Ophthalmol. Otolaryngol., 1957) at the 1954 Wisconsin State Fair, possibly because both military and civilian personnel at this Army post had been for some years in an aggressive hearing conservation program.

  17. Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI): A successful start to a national program in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muths, Erin; Jung, Robin E.; Bailey, Larissa L.; Adams, Michael J.; Corn, P. Stephen; Dodd, C. Kenneth; Fellers, Gary M.; Sadinski, Walter J.; Schwalbe, Cecil R.; Walls, Susan C.; Fisher, Robert N.; Gallant, Alisa L.; Battaglin, William A.; Green, D. Earl

    2005-01-01

    Most research to assess amphibian declines has focused on local-scale projects on one or a few species. The Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI) is a national program in the United States mandated by congressional directive and implemented by the U.S. Department of the Interior (specifically the U.S. Geological Survey, USGS). Program goals are to monitor changes in populations of amphibians across U.S. Department of the Interior lands and to address research questions related to amphibian declines using a hierarchical framework of base-, mid- and apex-level monitoring sites. ARMI is currently monitoring 83 amphibian species (29% of species in the U.S.) at mid- and apex-level areas. We chart the progress of this 5-year-old program and provide an example of mid-level monitoring from 1 of the 7 ARMI regions.

  18. CERP in Afghanistan: Refining Military Capabilities in Development Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    agribusiness development teams (ADTs) in 2008 to augment PRTs and agricul- tural expertise and to assist in the revitalization of Afghanistan’s... agribusiness sector.13 Regardless of their numbers, USAID and State personnel assigned to PRTs and District Support Teams have access to several...tool in stability operations. Institutionalize agribusiness development teams. The military should formalize the ADT structure in the Army

  19. Species Profile: Least Tern (Sterna antillarum), Interior Population, on Military Installations in the Southeastern United States

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mitchell, Wilma

    1998-01-01

    .... Although few southeastern U.S. military installations are located on rivers within the range of the interior population, installations with suitable habitat in other sections of the United States should benefit from this profile. This document is one of a series of Species Profiles being developed for threatened, endangered, and sensitive species inhabiting southeastern United States plant communities.

  20. 75 FR 9763 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    .... Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces..., many U.S. military and civilian personnel were assigned outside the United States in support of... between the Federal Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among...

  1. The military and energy: Moving the United States beyond oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Closson, Stacy

    2013-01-01

    Energized by service members wounded and killed protecting fuel convoys in Iraq in the mid-2000s and stunned by the oil price spike in 2008, the Department of Defense (DOD) had already started to seriously address energy challenges when the Obama Administration took steps to accelerate these actions. Real-world events, a growing military realization of threats and opportunities, and an Administration intent on fostering American leadership in clean-energy innovation have coalesced to promote change across the military services in the energy domain. This has been particularly evident in the Department's efforts to lessen its oil consumption. However, the ability to turn policy into practice has met numerous challenges from within and without the defense establishment. The question remains whether the DOD will be able to move beyond oil in a significant way. By examining a series of US government policy documents and programs, this article seeks to analyze the motivations behind the drive by the DOD to reduce oil consumption, to identify the challenges in meeting this objective, and to analyze efforts underway by the Department. Given that replacing oil for the largest transport fleet in the world will take several decades, it will require a sustained leadership from senior military officials. - Highlights: • The drive for less oil is about cost, combat maneuverability, and climate change. • Culture of oil, lagging research and development, and lack of leadership pose challenges. • Ultimately, the US Congress questioning the necessity to replace oil could derail the effort. • Lessening operational oil use could take several decades of sustained leadership

  2. Disabling Knee Injury in the United States Army: Classification of Injury for Etiologic Research

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patnaik, P

    2000-01-01

    .... Army, and have substantial economic consequences in both direct and indirect costs. The lack of consistent, specific definitions of injuries results in misclassification bias and hinders etiologic research...

  3. Command History. United States Military Assistance Command, Vietnam 1965. Sanitized

    Science.gov (United States)

    1965-01-01

    tic VC air defense (one VC was found chained to his machine .n). Four aircraft were shot down and 21 were damaged. In all, 696 air strike sorties, 18...was shot down but direct hits were scored on the exposed VC with napalm and CBT.=causing them to break off the attack at 1900.259 In a related battle...er of the JUMO Zzmtlve Board, rpresenting the ACotS, J3 (and USACV) in the voutin coordination of tission psyope. Military members of the mJSPAO star

  4. MILITARY RECRUITMENT MODEL FOR ARMED FORCES OF SMALL STATES AND MIDDLE POWERS

    OpenAIRE

    Jaroslav Usiak; Erik Gorner

    2018-01-01

    States have many functions. The core one should be keeping its sovereignty and territorial integrity. Diplomacy and international law cannot guarantee their security. An armed force is an inherent part of each state that wants to be truly independent. Small states and middle powers have more difficulties when recruiting manpower for the military service compared to the great powers. The aim of this article is to find out what kind of recruitment model is the most suitable for small states and...

  5. Non-Military Education and the United States Army: A History

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1943), p. 188; Charles F. Pitts, Chaplains in Gray (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1957), p. 82. J. William Jones, Christ in the Camp...XVII (January 1898), pp. 533-543. Pitts, Charles F. Chaplains in Gray. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1957. Porter, David R. "Education Among American

  6. The effect of army vest design on the occurrence of stress fractures and overuse injuries in female military recruits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmanovich, Ezequiel; Frankl, M; Nyska, M; Hetsroni, I; Constantini, N; Trejo, L; Bechar, R; Novak, G; Lankovsky, Z; Mann, G

    2017-08-01

    Stress fractures (SFs) occur when microdamage caused by repetitive mechanical load exceeds the biological load-bearing capacity of the bone. The study objective was to test whether a vest specifically designed and manufactured for female recruits, compared with the standard vest used on a regular basis by Border Police recruits, would reduce the incidence of SF in female Border Police recruits. Data based on reports of military personnel show that women are more likely to sustain SFs. A follow-up of 240 female Border Police infantry recruits, divided into two trial groups, was conducted from 2007 to 2009. Two different vests were evaluated-the standard special unit fighting vest, which was conventionally used by both men and women during basic training, and the new fighting vest, specially design for female body shape. No significant difference was noted in the number of SFs between the two groups which may be attributed to increased weight of the new vest. There was a lower incidence of long bone SFs which may have been due to the superior vest design. The female Border Police Infantry recruits expressed great satisfaction with the new vest. Increased effort should be invested to further reduce the weight of female combat gear, alongside efforts to improve fit and comfort. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  7. Protecting who? Small state roles in large-scale military interventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen; Wivel, Anders

    of the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P). The aim of this paper is to explore how policy-makers of one small European state, Denmark, have navigated competing and sometimes conflicting protection agendas and calls for action. We argue that Danish military polices since 2001 have been formulated at the intersection......When, why and how do small states follow their bigger allies into large scale military interventions? This problem has been prominent since the end of the Cold War and become particularly acute since 2001, which marked the beginning of the so-called war on terror as well as the launch...... of external demands in the form of socialization to the unipolar world order and domestic demands reflecting Danish strategic culture. We explore how different ‘logics of protection’ have served to legitimize Danish military participation in large-scale US-led interventions. Based on this analysis, we discuss...

  8. A dynamic courtship : The Salvation Army and the Welfare State in the Netherlands (1887-1990)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stijn Bollinger

    2013-01-01

    The Salvation Army has been battling social problems in the Netherlands for more than 125 years. Over the course of this period, the Dutch Salvation Army has developed into a well-known faith-based organization as well as an important professional social service provider. These two characteristics:

  9. A Case Study of the United States Military’s Response to the 2014 Ebola Epidemic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    collapse of the Roman Empire may be linked to the spread of plague by Roman soldiers returning home from battle in the Persian Gulf around 165 AD.11...Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War, Volume 4, Activities Concerning Mobilization Camps and Ports of Embarkation (Washington...efforts were 55 also established with contracting personnel; logistics personnel (G-4); the Defense Logistics Agency support personnel; port operations

  10. The Role of the United States Military in Counterdrug Operations in the Year 2000

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hodges, Adele

    1997-01-01

    .... in doing this, he enrolled the use of many Federal agencies to include the military. The drug threat remains a threat to the United States as many countries abroad continue to depend on the income from illegal drug products for their livelihood...

  11. Military, University, and Police Agency Command and Staff Colleges in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Richard H.

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses three models of command and staff colleges (CSC). Five university models, five United States Military models, and one police agency model are discussed. The 11 CSCs provide leadership development in various training and education programs all leading to the increased capabilities of leaders and potential leaders for public…

  12. Changes in LASSI Scores Among Reading and Study Skills Students at the United States Military Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ince, Elizabeth J.; Priest, Robert

    1998-01-01

    Describes administration of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) to three groups of United States Military Academy students in order to evaluate changes in student performance as a result of taking a student-success course (RS101). LASSI measures students' affective growth upon completion of the RS101 course and their growth in…

  13. MILITARY RECRUITMENT MODEL FOR ARMED FORCES OF SMALL STATES AND MIDDLE POWERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Usiak

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available States have many functions. The core one should be keeping its sovereignty and territorial integrity. Diplomacy and international law cannot guarantee their security. An armed force is an inherent part of each state that wants to be truly independent. Small states and middle powers have more difficulties when recruiting manpower for the military service compared to the great powers. The aim of this article is to find out what kind of recruitment model is the most suitable for small states and middle powers, focusing on the example of European democratic states. The article concludes that the best military recruitment system is based on a strong link between armed forces and society. National defence education is also of high importance. Regular armed forces should be composed of highly trained professionals backed by reserves

  14. Information Management: Military Affiliate Radio System (MARS)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1986-01-01

    .... It describes a program sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Department of the Army in which military installations, military units, clubs, and volunteer licensed amateur radio...

  15. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 88, Number 2, March-April 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    Company for Vegetable Oils Industry, Baghdad 45. Al Monsour State Company, Baghdad 46. State Company for Tobacco and Cigarettes , Baghdad 47. Baghdad...management-by-objectives-type performance evaluations as well as statistical controls found in popular concepts such as “reengineering,” “balanced...the 1948-1960 british campaign in Malaysia underscored the impor- tance of economics to counterinsurgency (Coin) as well as the need for a coordinated

  16. Sociodemographic and career history predictors of suicide mortality in the United States Army 2004–2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, S. E.; Bromet, E. J.; Cox, K. L.; Colpe, L. J.; Fullerton, C. S.; Gruber, M. J.; Heeringa, S.G.; Lewandowski-Romps, L.; Millikan-Bell, A.M.; Naifeh, J. A.; Nock, M. K.; Petukhova, M. V.; Sampson, N. A.; Schoenbaum, M.; Stein, M. B.; Ursano, R. J.; Wessely, S.; Zaslavsky, A.M.; Kessler, R. C.

    2014-01-01

    Background The US Army suicide rate has increased sharply in recent years. Identifying significant predictors of Army suicides in Army and Department of Defense (DoD) administrative records might help focus prevention efforts and guide intervention content. Previous studies of administrative data, although documenting significant predictors, were based on limited samples and models. A career history perspective is used here to develop more textured models. Method The analysis was carried out as part of the Historical Administrative Data Study (HADS) of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). De-identified data were combined across numerous Army and DoD administrative data systems for all Regular Army soldiers on active duty in 2004–2009. Multivariate associations of sociodemographics and Army career variables with suicide were examined in subgroups defined by time in service, rank and deployment history. Results Several novel results were found that could have intervention implications. The most notable of these were significantly elevated suicide rates (69.6–80.0 suicides per 100000 person-years compared with 18.5 suicides per 100000 person-years in the total Army) among enlisted soldiers deployed either during their first year of service or with less than expected (based on time in service) junior enlisted rank; a substantially greater rise in suicide among women than men during deployment; and a protective effect of marriage against suicide only during deployment. Conclusions A career history approach produces several actionable insights missed in less textured analyses of administrative data predictors. Expansion of analyses to a richer set of predictors might help refine understanding of intervention implications. PMID:25055175

  17. Sociodemographic and career history predictors of suicide mortality in the United States Army 2004-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, S E; Bromet, E J; Cox, K L; Colpe, L J; Fullerton, C S; Gruber, M J; Heeringa, S G; Lewandowski-Romps, L; Millikan-Bell, A M; Naifeh, J A; Nock, M K; Petukhova, M V; Sampson, N A; Schoenbaum, M; Stein, M B; Ursano, R J; Wessely, S; Zaslavsky, A M; Kessler, R C

    2014-09-01

    The US Army suicide rate has increased sharply in recent years. Identifying significant predictors of Army suicides in Army and Department of Defense (DoD) administrative records might help focus prevention efforts and guide intervention content. Previous studies of administrative data, although documenting significant predictors, were based on limited samples and models. A career history perspective is used here to develop more textured models. The analysis was carried out as part of the Historical Administrative Data Study (HADS) of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). De-identified data were combined across numerous Army and DoD administrative data systems for all Regular Army soldiers on active duty in 2004-2009. Multivariate associations of sociodemographics and Army career variables with suicide were examined in subgroups defined by time in service, rank and deployment history. Several novel results were found that could have intervention implications. The most notable of these were significantly elevated suicide rates (69.6-80.0 suicides per 100 000 person-years compared with 18.5 suicides per 100 000 person-years in the total Army) among enlisted soldiers deployed either during their first year of service or with less than expected (based on time in service) junior enlisted rank; a substantially greater rise in suicide among women than men during deployment; and a protective effect of marriage against suicide only during deployment. A career history approach produces several actionable insights missed in less textured analyses of administrative data predictors. Expansion of analyses to a richer set of predictors might help refine understanding of intervention implications.

  18. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America: Redefining America’s Military Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    and exercises with the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia , Pakistan, Indonesia, Singapore, and other states in Oceania – working with them...preventive actions to diminish the tragic risks of suicide, traumatic brain injury, substance abuse, homelessness , domestic violence, and other challenges

  19. Military Strategy Of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Zaitsev

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the evolution of military strategy of the Republic of India and key factors that influences its development. New Delhi keeps an eye on the balance of power in South Asia to create favorable conditions for its economic and social development, yet the remaining threats and new challenges still undermine the security and stability in India. The ambitions of China aspiring to power in Asia-Pacific region, combined with its immense military build-up and territorial disputes, cause disturbance in New Delhi. The remaining tensions between India and Pakistan also cause often border skirmishes and medium-scale conflicts. Close relations between China and Pakistan, labeled as “all-weather friendship”, are a source of major concern for India. The fact that both Beijing and Islamabad wield nuclear weapons means that without effective mechanisms of nuclear deterrence any military conflict may turn into a full-scale nuclear war. Terrorist activities and insurgency in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and in the North-Eastern regions of the country, along with maritime piracy and illicit drug trafficking contribute to the complicated nature of the challenges to the Indian security. Indian military strategy is considered as a combination of the army doctrine, maritime doctrine and nuclear doctrine. The Indian political and military leadership wants to meet the challenges of changing geopolitical environment and thus continuously adapts its strategy. However, there is still a gap between theory and practice: Indian armed forces lack the capacity to implement the declared goals because of bulky bureaucratic system, outdated military equipment and insufficient level of command and control. The government needs to mobilize political will and administrative resources to upgrade its defense sector to counter its security threats and challenges.

  20. The Army's Flexible Display Center (FDC) at Arizona State University (ASU)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Morton, David; Raupp, Gregory B

    2007-01-01

    As Army transformation unfolds through the Future Combat Systems (FCS) program, the ability to perform essential command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance/mobility (C4ISR/M...

  1. Organizational Analysis of the United States Army Contracting Command-Kuwait

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Orr, Kristine R

    2008-01-01

    This study of the U.S. Army Contracting Command - Kuwait (USACC-KU) used an organizational systems framework to analyze factors related to strategy structure, processes and results experienced at USACC-KU during 2006-2008...

  2. 2005 United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Post-Hurricane Katrina Levee Surveys

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These topographic data were collected for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers by a helicopter-mounted LiDAR sensor over the New Orleans Hurricane Protection Levee...

  3. Who was in Harold Bluetooth’s army?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Price, Douglas; Frei, Karin; Dobat, A.S.

    2011-01-01

    The circular fortress of Trelleborg on Zealand in Denmark is well known as a military camp with a key role in the formation of the Danish state under Harald Bluetooth in the tenth century AD. Taking a sample of 48 burials from the fort, strontium isotope analysis once again demonstrates its abili...... with a silver casket. Trelleborg, home of Harald Bluetooth's army, was a fortress of foreigners with vivid implications for the nature of his political mission...

  4. POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS PITTSBURGH ENGINEER WAREHOUSE AND REPAIR STATION AND EMSWORTH LOCKS AND DAMS PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report summarizes work conducted at the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Pittsburgh Engineering Warehouse and Repair Station (PEWARS) and Emsworth Locks and Dams in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Waste Reduction...

  5. The priorities of an enlightened monarch: the limitations of the military-fiscal state under Charles III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Torres Sánchez

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the features of the Spanish Military-Fiscal State of Charles III. We have compared the Spanish state with Britain in order to revise Barbier and Klein´s thesis about how the military priorities of Charles III restricted the modernization of his state and caused the monarchy´s fall into debt and bankruptcy. The British case demonstrates how its own success was based on the establishment of a Military-Fiscal State and the constant military activity driven by an aggressive mercantile policy. We conclude that the Military-Fiscal State in Charles III´s Spain was not as well-developed as that of contemporary Great Britain. Spain devoted fewer resources to war, maintained a minimum military activity, and the mobilisation of resources lacked the flexibility found in Britain´s case. All this, along with a profound distrust in the use of public debt as the main way to fund war, meant that Charles III´s state did not become a real “war machine” as did George III´s state. In this article we propose that the weakness of Charles III lay in his limited interest in the development of a true Military-Fiscal State.

  6. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 89, Number 3, May-June 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    has the capacity to be nearly ubiq- uitous. With only a few notable exceptions (e.g., Chechnya and Western China ), there is little escape from its...Chiarelli, while as a Division Commander in Baghdad, described his area of operations as “ overpopulated yet underdeveloped, divided into neighborhoods...While Chavez has worked with China , Russia, and Iran to diversify his economy, the United States remains Venezuela’s largest trading partner by

  7. How Can the United States Army Improve Human Intelligence in Peace Operations?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wright, David

    2003-01-01

    .... These secondary collectors, such as the Military Police, Psychological Operations, Civil Affairs and Line Units conduct liaison with international and local police forces, host-government official...

  8. 75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ..., the Veterans Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development Act of 1999, and the Military Reservist... SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION [Disaster Declaration 12341 Disaster ZZ-00006] The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan AGENCY: U.S. Small Business...

  9. Implementing the CASPiE course-based research experience at the United States Military Academy: Affective responses and effects on critical thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Anthony Michael

    The Center for Authentic Science Practices in Education (CASPiE) pioneered a course-based research experience approach to teaching chemistry laboratory courses. The method had previously been studied in a variety of institutional settings. Recently, the United States Military Academy at West Point decided to develop CASPiE-style modules for the introductory honors chemistry course. This research setting presents clean experimental-control comparisons and a group of faculty who were completely new to the method. Equipping students with authentic research experiences early in their education is important regardless of the institution. However, cadets at a military academy must make decisions relatively early (the outset of their second year) as to what their career trajectory will be as eventual officers. In the new CASPiE-based experience, cadets are given the opportunity to select from one of three different modules (analytical chemistry, toxicology, and chemical engineering) in which to participate during the course. These three modules represent subsections of an overall Army waste-to-energy research project. Cadets generate unique hypotheses, real data, and research posters towards the advancement of the project. Posters are then presented in a session. that includes an audience of project stakeholders, course instructors, and other academy faculty and staff. Here, I will present my research methods, evaluative procedures, and findings in the affective domain, critical thinking, and laboratory content comprehension.

  10. Complexity and Army Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calhoun, Mark T.

    On 12 Octther 1999, the U.S. Army began a journey down a new path to innovation, when General Eric Shinseki presented his vision of Army Transformation at the 45th annual meeting of the Association of the United States Army. In this speech, General Shinseki described the Army as an organization consisting of heavy forces with excellent staying power but poor strategic responsiveness, light forces with excellent responsiveness but poor staying power, and a logistics system with an excessively large footprint. His proposed solution, a comprehensive change of the Army resulting in full-spectrum dominance and strategic responsiveness, would occur so quickly as to "be unnerving to some." [Shinseki. 1999] While this prediction has turned out in some ways to be true, it is not necessarily the speed of change that is unnerving to many of the people studying Army Transformation.

  11. Listening to Historys Rhyme:Preparing the United States Army for Future Irregular Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    December 2007), 10. 44. Mission: Readiness, Too Fat to Fight: Retired Military Leaders Want Junk Food Out of Schools (Washington, DC, April 2010), 2...Politics and Strategy 50, no. 1 (February-March 2008): 19-30. Mission: Readiness. Too Fat to Fight: Retired Military Leaders Want Junk Food Out

  12. History of development and modern condition of Chinese military psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr G. Karayani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Russian military psychology is actively analyzing the achievements gained over the years of its reform and with great interest turns to the military psychological experience of foreign armies. Acquaintance with this experience allows Russian military psychology to assess its place in the world military psychological science, to assess the dynamics and fidelity of the general direction of development. In this regard, it is quite interesting to get acquainted with the state, capabilities, and the most important guidelines for the development of the Chinese military psychology. Objective. The objective of this paper is to get acquainted with the invaluable experience of trial and error, ups and downs, stagnation and real breakthroughs, which can be learnt through getting acquainted with the history and modern functioning of the psychological structures of the Chinese army. Design. The paper considers the centuries-old history and a modern condition of military psychology in China. The methodological foundations of the Chinese military psychology are proved to be the philosophical ideas of Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism. Theoretical sources Chinese military psychology is rooted in the writings of the great thinkers and generals of ancient China – Sun Tzu, Wu Tzu, Zhuge Liang. The two most vigorously developing areas of military psychology: the psychological selection of military personnel, theory and practice of psychological warfare. The historical analysis of traditions and technologies development for the period of four thousand years is given. The development of psychological selection in the army of China was affected by cooperation with the American psychologists during the Second World War. The overall state and program approach to perfect the system of selecting military men using the psychology methods is underlined. Historical development tendencies and the Chinese paradigm of the theory and practice of psychological war

  13. IMAGE TRANSFORMATION OF THE RUSSIAN ARMY: EXPERIENCE AND PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Kislyakov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the formation of a positive image of the armed forces of the Russian Federation among various social groups is necessary. Many citizens want to have a full understanding of the army, since this is one of the most important institutions of the state and the country's security directly depends on it. One of the most important components is the image of the armed forces in the youth environment, as in Russia there is a mixed recruitment of troops, and many servicemen carry out their service on conscription. The transformation of the information sphere into a system-forming factor in the life of a society that actively influences its state, development and security is in demand. Therefore, the information security aspect is rather difficult to overestimate. It is very important for our state, in the current conditions of information confrontation, to respond in a timely manner to the information activity of potential adversaries who may try to form a negative image of the Russian army, undermining its fighting capacity, authority, and people's trust. There is an urgent increase in the role of information and communication technologies in politics and the public sphere. In this regard, it becomes possible to more effectively form, introduce and develop the image of the Armed Forces in the minds of citizens. There is a proliferation of conflicting and diverse information about the army, which is often untrue. To change such activities, effective approaches are needed in the production and broadcasting of information on the Armed Forces, the use of various channels of communication to enhance the prestige of military service and trust in it. It is necessary to cover competently and professionally the activities of the Armed Forces in military conflicts. Effective information support of the army's participation in military operations (including media reduces the potential of potential adversaries to discredit the Armed Forces. And the

  14. White Paper 1983: The Army Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-15

    support. 4 "+1° I t I " I j The advent of the All Volunteer Force caused the Army’s leaders to address military personnel policies from a new...Children Children w/ Teens Gone Retirement 36.3% 16.6% 37.5% 9.3% 0.2% 17 24 18 30 20 35 36 50 51 59 60 i FIGURE 6 7 I - - .-, *L II...remarriage in their families. Another significant change has been delayed or foregone childbearing . Birthrates in the United States have declined

  15. Negotiating Race: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    What had caused these dramatic changes to occur in a country that, at that time, still firmly embraced apartheid ? Half a world apart, the state of...capability status. In the era of apartheid , blacks in South Africa did not have the right to vote, and their disenfranchisement meant that the black

  16. Military Parents' Personal Technology Usage and Interest in e-Health Information for Obesity Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jai, Tun-Min; McCool, Barent N; Reed, Debra B

    2016-03-01

    U.S. military families are experiencing high obesity rates similar to the civilian population. The Department of Defense's Military Health System (MHS) is one of the largest healthcare providers in the United States, serving approximately 9.2 million active duty service members, retirees, spouses, and children. The annual cost to the MHS for morbidities associated with being overweight exceeds $1 billion. The preschool age has been suggested as an opportune time to intervene for the prevention of obesity. Thus, this study investigated the current level of technology usage by military service member families and assessed their needs and interests in health/nutrition information. This needs assessment is crucial for researchers/educators to design further studies and intervention programs for obesity prevention in military families with young children. In total, 288 military parents (233 Army and 55 Air Force) at two military bases whose children were enrolled in military childcare centers in the southwestern United States participated in a Technology Usage in Military Family (TUMF) survey in 2013. Overall, both bases presented similar technology usage patterns in terms of computer and mobile device usage on the Internet. Air Force base parents had a slightly higher knowledge level of nutrition/health information than Army base parents. The TUMF survey suggested practical ways such as mobile applications/Web sites, social networks, games, etc., that health educators can use to disseminate nutrition/health information for obesity prevention among military families with young children.

  17. Military westernization and state repression in the post-Cold War era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swed, Ori; Weinreb, Alexander

    2015-09-01

    The waves of unrest that have shaken the Arab world since December 2010 have highlighted significant differences in the readiness of the military to intervene in political unrest by forcefully suppressing dissent. We suggest that in the post-Cold War period, this readiness is inversely associated with the level of military westernization, which is a product of the acquisition of arms from western countries. We identify two mechanisms linking the acquisition of arms from western countries to less repressive responses: dependence and conditionality; and a longer-term diffusion of ideologies regarding the proper form of civil-military relations. Empirical support for our hypothesis is found in an analysis of 2523 cases of government response to political unrest in 138 countries in the 1996-2005 period. We find that military westernization mitigates state repression in general, with more pronounced effects in the poorest countries. However, we also identify substantial differences between the pre- and post-9/11 periods. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Among Soldiers of the Military Police of Bahia State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filho, Romário Teixeira Braga; D'Oliveira, Argemiro

    2014-07-01

    The mortality rate of men is generally higher than that of women, irrespective of the age group. Currently, a key concern for health care professionals is the prevalence of risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of individual risk factors for cardiovascular disease as well as the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men serving in the Military Police Corps of the state of Bahia, Brazil. This service employs mostly men, and they are known to experience high levels of occupational stress and professional victimization. We conducted a cross-sectional study among military police soldiers (n = 452) who were candidates for a military police training course in Bahia, Brazil. All candidates who attended the selection process were evaluated according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Panel III in order to assess the presence of medical disorders that could contribute to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. The authors identified a high prevalence of hypertension (55.76%), hypertriglyceridemia (50.85%), waist circumference of >102 cm (31.76%), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (30.46%), and impaired fasting glucose (28.15%) in our subjects. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 38.54%. The authors suggest that measures should be taken to ensure that military policemen receive continued medical care, both in their professional capacity and in their personal circumstances, and that attention be focused on intervention programs. © The Author(s) 2013.

  19. Continental United States Military Housing Inspection National Capital Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-13

    team, recognized as leaders in our field. For more information about whistleblower protection, please see the inside back cover. I N T E G R I T Y...housing in Asia , specifically in Japan, the Republic of Korea (ROK), and Afghanistan. We announced this project on December 15, 2014, and inspected...State, and Local laws and regulations as agreed upon in the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) that exists between the privatized housing partner

  20. United States Security Assistance Training of Latin American Militaries: Intentions and Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-09-01

    los Derechos Humanos en Colombia y el Papel del Gobierno y las Fuerzas Armadas para su Defensa," Military Review. (Hispanic Edition) 60-82. (April...Guatemalan efforts were in opposition to subversion of the Partido Guatemalteco de Trabajo (PGT), or the communist party. The PGT had received some...Training School Noncommissioned Officer Organization of American States Partido Guatemalteco de Trabajo (Guatemalan Communist Party) Peace Keeping

  1. Separation of Church and State: Has the Military Gone too Far?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-27

    Chaplains served through the Revolutionary War, and the current form of military chaplain dates back to the First World War. It is important to...the Department of Defense was alarmed when they discovered engraved Bible verses on rifle sights provided for United States forces fighting the wars...proselytizing is strictly 14 forbidden. Engraving Bible verses on rifle sights provided to Marines is a violation of the First Amendment

  2. Human Performance Modeling in Military Simulation: Current State of the Art and the Way Ahead (2002 TTCP HUM Group Meeting)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2004-01-01

    .... This report examines the requirements for human performance modeling within the military, assesses the state of the practice in current operational models, documents ongoing human performance research and development (R and D...

  3. Genetic Counseling in Military Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    mother allegedly mistreated for preeclampsia at Tripler Army Medical Center could maintain an action for medical malpractice nothwithstanding Feres.1 2...perinatologists at most military hospitals perform genetic counseling. Due to their primary responsibilities fo management of high risk pregnancies

  4. Military Review: A Changing Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    eventually on the ra- war after Tet. tionale for US involvement in that war. It was -On the one hand are those such as David Hal- unfortunate for the...and com- followed. mand effectively at succeedingly higher levels of Siegfried Sassoon makes this point well in his responsibility. ’ 2 book, The...34 the An organization adopting an MOE unsuitable to war on drugs. Each agency’s (or relevant actor’s) ef- its purpose may be guilty of what David Hackett

  5. Trends in European Environmental Policy: Implications for the Activities of the United States Army in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-14

    interdisciplinarity in Germany and the disciplines tend to restrict their viewpoints to their own subjects; * many of the US Army’s German employees are... disabling many more. A $15 billion suit was filed against Union Carbide. Chernobyl On 25 April, 1986 the worst accident recorded at a nuclear power station

  6. A Study of United States Army Product Support Manager (PSM) Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-25

    guidance to the Project Manager on the execution of his research Development Test & Evaluation (RDTE) / Army Procurement Appropriations ( APA ) programs...dealing with multiple Integrated Product Support (IPS) elements, including sustainment areas such as technical manuals and supply support. Also, the

  7. Longitudinal study of sleep patterns of United States Military Academy cadets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Nita Lewis; Shattuck, Lawrence G; Matsangas, Panagiotis

    2010-12-01

    The study provided an opportunity to observe sleep patterns in a college-age population attending the United States Military Academy. This 4-year longitudinal study investigated sleep patterns of cadets. A stratified sample of 80 cadets had sleep patterns monitored using actigraphy for 8 months: one month in both fall and spring academic semesters over a 4-year period. Data were collected at the United States Military Academy, West Point, NY. Participants were members of the class of 2007 (n˜1300) ranging in age from 17 to 22 when entering USMA. A sample of the class (n=80) wore wrist activity monitors and completed activity logs for one month in fall and spring academic semesters for the 4-year period. On average over the 4 years, cadets sleptsleep debt. Cadets slept more during fall than spring semesters. Male and female cadet sleep patterns varied dramatically, with males consistently receiving less sleep than females (˜21 m for nighttime sleep and ˜23 m for daily sleep). Cadet sleep at USMA is related to academic year, semester, season, sex, school day or weekend, and day of the week. These students suffer from chronic sleep debt. Restrictions imposed by the military academy limit the generalizability of the findings to other college age populations.

  8. State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed.

  9. 76 FR 66282 - Army Educational Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ... Committee: U.S. Army War College Subcommittee of the Army Education Advisory Committee. Dates of Meeting: November 15, 2011. Place of Meeting: U.S. Army War College, 122 Forbes Avenue, Carlisle, PA, Command... issues and matters related to the continued growth and development of the United States Army War College...

  10. 76 FR 72914 - Army Educational Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ...: U.S. Army War College Subcommittee of the Army Education Advisory Committee. Dates of Meeting: December 14, 2011. Place of Meeting: U.S. Army War College, 122 Forbes Avenue, Carlisle, PA, Command... issues and matters related to the continued growth and development of the United States Army War College...

  11. Understanding Chinese Military Strategic Thinking: The Message from the People’s Liberation Army’s Modernization and Weapons Acquisition Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    strategic military concept was heavily influenced by Chairman Mao Zedong .5 Mao proclaimed that the only legitimate use of military force was to...strategists Sun-Tzu, Wu -Tzu and Guan-Tzu and has its cultural roots in Chinese ancient statecraft. PLA’s current structure and organization for...

  12. Prestige-Seeking small states: Danish and Norwegian military contributions to U.S.-led Operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo; Ringsmose, Jens; Saxi, Håkon Lunde

    2018-01-01

    their standing and prestige in Washington. Both governments regarded prestige as a form of soft power, which they could later convert into access, influence, and US support. Our findings are far from trivial. They make a theoretical contribution by demonstrating that small powers understand and seek prestige......In this article we broaden the conventional understanding of prestige and show that prestige-seeking played a major role in the Danish and Norwegian decisions to provide military support to post-Cold War US-led wars. Both countries made costly military contributions in the hope of increasing...... in ways that differ fundamentally from the ways great powers do. They also help to explain why smaller US allies made costly contributions to the Balkan, Afghan, Iraq, and Libyan wars at a time when there was no direct threat to their national security and their security dependence on the United States...

  13. Climate Assessment for Army Enterprise Planning Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-30

    or private organizations . Outcomes of DOD SERDP program climate change investments are being leveraged and adapted to Army enterprise process...Software Estimating Resistance and Resilience of Military Lands Using Vegetation Indices Tech report Climate Change Vulnerability of Army...TITLE: Climate Assessment for Army Enterprise Planning SUBMITTING ORGANIZATION : ERDC STO START YEAR / END YEAR: FY14-FY17 1. NARRATIVE

  14. The Brief Military Career of Dr. William H. Welch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, James K

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the Army service of Dr. William H. Welch during World War I. Archival research utilizing prime source documents in the William H. Welch Collection of the Alan M. Chesney Medical Archives for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Welch joined the Army at the age of 67 after serving as one of the principal transformational forces for reforming medical education in the United States and founding the first academic institution for educating public health professionals in the United States, the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene. His longstanding relationship with Army Surgeon General William Gorgas served as the backdrop for Welch's service. Welch served as both a staff officer and as a traveling medical inspector general, assessing the medical care of troops preparing for overseas duty. He did not adapt particularly well to military dress and decorum but his status as one of the icons of American medicine rendered these shortcomings insignificant. Welch was joined in Army service by a number of American medical luminaries-both Mayo brothers, George Crile, and Harvey Cushing among them. Although Welch remained on active duty for only 13 months, he maintained a nominal relationship with Army medicine through appointment to the Medical Officer Reserve Corps until the time of his death. 2016 marks the centennial of the establishment of the first independent academic institution in America dedicated to education and training of professionals focused on public health and hygiene issues. 2017 marks the centennial of U.S. entry into World War I. Dr. William H. Welch played an important role in both of these historic events and, although his active service was brief, the impact of his example was substantial. Analysis of his military career in its full historical context provides insight into the relationship between academic medicine and military medicine during periods of armed conflict. Reprint & Copyright © 2017

  15. Building A Better Force: Regular Army / Reserve Components Integration In The Army Chemical Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    Fort Hood , TX, CPT Mike Larmore cased the colors of the 46th Chemical Company for the last time, signifying its inactivation from the Regular Army... Joshua E. Kastenberg, Shaping US Military Law: Governing a Constitutional Military, (Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2014), 204-5, accessed December 28, 2015...Kastenberg, Joshua E. Shaping US Military Law: Governing a Constitutional Military. Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2014. Accessed December 28, 2015

  16. Nutrient Recovery of Starch Processing Waste to Cordyceps militaris: Solid State Cultivation and Submerged Liquid Cultivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joonyeob; Cho, Kyungjin; Shin, Seung Gu; Bae, Hyokwan; Koo, Taewoan; Han, Gyuseong; Hwang, Seokhwan

    2016-09-01

    This study demonstrated the potential for managing starch processing waste (SPW) by bioconversion to Cordyceps militaris mycelia using solid state cultivation (SSC) and submerged liquid cultivation (SLC). The growth characteristics of C. militaris mycelium were accessed and compared for SSC and SLC systems on SPW under various conditions of initial SPW concentration, pH, and operating temperature. To quantify the mycelial biomass in SLC, original primer sets targeting the 18S rRNA gene of C. militaris were developed. In SSC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (543.1 mm(2)/day) was predicted to occur at 25.6 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 23.8 °C. In SLC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (1918.6 mg/L/day) was predicted to occur at 35.5 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 22.0 °C. Temperature was suggested as the most significant factor in both systems. The higher optimum substrate concentration observed for SLC than for SSC was likely due to difference in mycelial morphology and mixing effect.

  17. Commentary - The Early Days of Central Asian Military Integration: the Kyrgyz National Division of the Red Army in 1927-1928

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Ohayon

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a brief overview of the sociology of a national division of the Red Army in the early days of its formation in Kyrgyzstan, as described in two documents about soldiers of Kyrgyz nationality in 1927 and 1928. At that time the Soviet Army was not seeking to substantially increase its numbers but rather recruiting in line with the intentions of the nationality policy, by integrating ethnic groups and regions that had been ignored by the high command. Kyrgyzstan is a striking exampl...

  18. The Falls City Engineers: A History of the Louisville District Corps of Engineers United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-12-24

    direction of Colone l Simpson in 1864 and 1865 were of the lat- ter type of construction. Colon e l Simpson appointed John R. Gilliss , as assistant...construction; he took with him his Louisville assistant engineer, John R. Gilliss . Gilliss designed tunnels for the Central Pacific Railroad through the...Quartermaster General of the Union Army: A Biography of M. C . Meigs (New York, 1959), pp. 330-33, 346; George B. Nich olson, " John Roberts Gilliss

  19. Blood Program in World War II. Medical Department, United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1964-01-01

    of other replacement fluids constituted a specialized branch of medi- cine . Well-trained technicians were necessary to collect blood, gr’oup it...Army Forces, CBI, December 1943. 43. Medical Directora ,, India, Technical Instructions No. 11, General Headquarters, India, 10 Dec. 1943, subject...Uniited Kingdom, 16, 459, 473, 475, 477, P~ennsylvania Graduate School of ’Medi- 478, 479, 481, 489, 498. 504, 510), 511, cine , 74, 376, 377, 788 5l3

  20. The United States Army in the Phillippine Insurrection, 1899-1902

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-06

    large-scale conflict, the Headquarters of the ArMy hbd little capacity for the manage - ment of a sieable force and there were no permanent fiel4... leadershp was united in a desire for freedoa from foreign control of the Islands. Most wanted absolute indepeadmene, but some would not have been averse to...government, and fewer of the masses it pzoposed to repro- sent and govern, had any real idea of the theory or operation of a genuine republican or

  1. Controls exercised by the Army over radioactive consumer-type items

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taras, D.N.

    1978-01-01

    There are considerations that must be taken into account in the selection of radioactive products for military use that are of less consequence in consumer use. Because of these considerations, the Army and the other military services exercise control over radioactive commodities for military use. This paper describes the requirements of the Army safety policy

  2. Army aeromedical crash rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lorenzo, R A; Freid, R L; Villarin, A R

    1999-02-01

    Safety is a principal concern for everyone in aviation, including those in military and civilian aeromedical programs. The U.S. Army flies thousands of helicopter missions each year, including many aeromedical flights. The comparison between Army general and aeromedical aviation crash data provides a benchmark for establishing patterns in aeromedical safety and may be useful for similar programs examining safety profiles. To determine the crash rates of Army aeromedical rotary-wing (helicopter) programs and compare them with crash rates in Army general aviation. Retrospective review of safety data from 1987 to 1995. Crashes or mishaps are categorized into three classes: A, B, and C. Class A reflects the most serious mishap and involves loss of life or aircraft destruction, whereas classes B and C represent lesser but still significant mishaps. Crash rates are compared on a year-by-year basis and are reported as events per 100,000 flight hours. Statistical analysis was performed by the z test with Yates' correction, with significance set at p crash rate was 1.86 compared with the aeromedical rate of 2.02. The mean general class A to C crash rate was 7.37 compared with the aeromedical rate of 7.44. Between 1992 and 1995, there were 3 years when the Army aeromedical program suffered no class A mishaps. Differences between study groups are statistically significant, but they are interpreted conservatively given the very low incidence of mishaps in both groups. Both rates are comparable with published civilian mishap rates. There is a very low overall incidence of crashes in both groups. There may be no practical difference between Army general and aeromedical aviation mishap rates. Furthermore, Army crash rates are comparable with published civilian mishap rates.

  3. The United States Army Medical Department Journal, July-September 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Cirillo VJ. Winged sponges – houseflies as carriers of typhoid fever in 19th- and early 20th-century military camps. Perspect Biol and Med. 2006;49...The house fly (Musca domestica) as a carrier of pathogenic microorganisms in a hospital environment. J Hosp Infect. 1992;20:209-215. 24. Gregorio

  4. Forecasting Water Use on Fixed Army Installations within the Contiguous United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-22

    Laundromats Car wash L Cafeterias/ restaurants Main clubs and annexes Industrial Public/Institutional Vehicle and aircraft wash facilities Offices and...indoor swimming pools; banks, service personnel clubs and open restaurants ; theaters and auditoriums, recreational and entertainment workshops and craft...accommodate medical mission sustentation . Operations This category of buildings is dominated by military mission-related 110 activities, such as

  5. The all Volunteer Army: Impact on Readines

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-06-08

    directing traffic at busy installations to flying UH-l helicopters. Of the 377 enlisted military occupational specialties in the Army today, about... childish and unimportant. Military sanitation reasons for shorter hair are the normal responses to the question of longer hair. Rarely, if ever, are the

  6. Mercenaries in the Army of Hellenistic Athens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Vostrikov

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article interests in history of armed forces of the antiquity states, their structure, deployment order, the organization of command, evolution of arms, policy strokes, action of armies in the military conflicts, and to their use in internal political fight, as well as to involvement of mercenaries. During the Classical Period of Greek history big fame was gained by armed forces of Athens and Sparta. Athens in the 5th century BC was at the peak of power and pursued active foreign policy which was in many respects supported by powerful army and fleet. The reason of traditionally high interest in history of Athens of the Classical Period including the armed forces history of the polis also lies in it. However Athens and their armed forces suffered a serious loss and got beaten in the Peloponnese war and the final decline of political and military power of Athens occurred after defeat in Lamian war therefore military activity of the polis sharply decreases. Therefore the history of Hellenistic period Athens gets much less attention. Proceeding from it, the purpose of article consists in a research of the role of mercenaries in armed forces of Athens in the period of Hellenism. The leading method of this research is the comparative-historical method allowing tracking mercenaries hire by Athens during the specified period on the basis of a complex sources use. The main research results consist in identification of an order and features of the hired contingents use, their places in armed forces of the polis. Materials of article can be useful to the further scientific research regarding the history of Athens and military ancient history as well as to creating educational and handbooks on this perspective.

  7. Service to the Nation, Strength for the Future. Fiscal Year 2013 United States Army Annual Financial Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Warrior Transition Command ( WTC ) ensures focused and effective management across all aspects of the WCTP. In FY 2013, the Army dedicated $321...the WTC leading the way, the Army cares for over 25,500 Soldiers and veterans annually. Under WTC’s direction, the Army Wounded Warrior Program

  8. Military Housing Inspections - Republic of Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-28

    With regard to Mold, the Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center stated that, “any extensive indoor mold growth should be treated as a potential...blocks, and pores in concrete masonry units. In the United States, the radon concentration for outdoor air ranges from 0.02 to 1.0 pCi/L and for indoor...by each Service is shown in Table B. Appendixes 38 │ DODIG-2015-013 Table B1. Radon Requirements by Military Service Army Navy /Marine Corps Air Force

  9. Army Science Board (ASB) Report of the AD HOC Subgroup on Water Supply and Management on Army Installations in the Western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    provided a source of food and water. Army explorers, Capt. Meriwether Lewis and Lt. William Clark, led an expedition up the Missouri River. They crossed...USACE Divisions (SPD, NPD , MRD, and SWD), dated 11 Feb 87, request to provide Mr. Waddell with names of a representative from the division to attend

  10. Dissent and Strategic Leadership of the Military Professions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Snider, Don M

    2008-01-01

    ...." It was unexpected because the professional ethic of the Army in the modern era has held that, in civilian-military relations, the military is the servant of its Constitutionally-mandated civilian...

  11. Quality Assurance for Radiographic Imaging (Military Corps Hospitals in Khartoum State) in Sudan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohamad, M. Y.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Quality Assurance procedures in the Military Corps in Khartoum state, through the comprehensive Quality Control QC procedures of the x-ray machines and darkrooms in the x-ray departments, and to provide a Quality Assurance Manual to support the federal ministry of Health running QA program. This study is the first time that the departments of the Military Corps apply QC tests on their x-ray machines. The total number of x-ray machines in Khartoum state is 10 machines with 4 darkrooms. Only three of the x-ray machines are tested and the results showed that there are unacceptable parameters of the major exposure factors which determine the image quality. The percentage of accuracy defects are 67% for kVp Accuracy, 67% for Time Accuracy, 33% for Relative mA Linearity, 33% for Relative mAs Linearity, 67% for kVp Reproducibility, 67% for Collimator test. Also the tested darkrooms showed that the percentage of unacceptable parameters as: 15% for tested intensifying screens, 18% for tested Cassettes, 100% for light leakage, 67% for Safelight. Reject film Analysis showed that 5.3% and 10% is the reject percentage during four months for the main and casualty centers respectively. Personal monitoring records showed that the dose is within the dose limits the maximum and minimum Dose equivalent in 2001 is 4.231 Sv, 0.154 Sv and in 2002 is 2.736 Sv, 0.167 Sv consequently, and the monitoring has been stopped since July 2002. Also the study reveals that only 4% from the total cost of the x-ray machines owned by the mentioned hospitals is the price of the QC test tools equipments. The study gives a review of all definitions and QC procedures needed for the QA manual and can be referenced as a QA Manual for the Military Corps or any other hospital.

  12. United States Army in the Korean War: EBB and Flow, November 1950-July 1951

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    requests fr-om ground units mim. guns. Of* significant benefit to the to the 3d Air Rescue Squadronl of’ (lhe dlivisions inl Korea was the virtual atl...Fleet had in mind another use benefits of the operation did notjustify for Kansong as part of an operation he the risks entailed. The Eighth Army’s...and N& acAi thur’s t elief: 362, 364 3d Air Rescue: 32 Mantchuriani hot der policy: 42. 413 45th Tactical Reconniaissantce: 551t ntegotiatedI

  13. Military Ethnomusicology: Understanding the Positive Impact of Music on the United States Military within the American Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    Corps, typically have a martial or patriotic style or genre of music . Military music in the U.S. generally refers to music orchestrated, performed...war and peace. Martial music has been used to communicate, enhance disCipline, as a psychological instrument of war, to calm troops, and to improve... music plays an instrumental part of building and maintaining the elan, for which the Marine Corps is famous. Recognizing how martial music influences

  14. The Phenomenon of Private Military Companies in the Military and Power Policies of States in the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Kurilev

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Two main issues are considered in this article. The first is the changing historical and legal status of private military companies (PMCs. Emerging after the end of World War II, the PMC phenomenon became wellestablished by the mid-1990s. In the first decade of the 21st century, PMCs not only engaged in military activity in different regions of the world but also participated as independent economic actors capable of occupying a certain niche in the military segment of the world economy. Following this review, the article examines the practical activities of PMCs drawing on the example of the conflict in Ukraine during the civil war that began there after the coup d’etat of February 2014 and which saw the removal of the legally elected president V. Yanukovych and the rise of nationalist radicals to power. It should be noted that the Ukrainian crisis is only one of many examples of the use of PMCs. Moreover, as demonstrated in this study, the most powerful PMCs in the world are represented in the territory of Ukraine, pointing to the extreme importance of the processes occurring in Ukraine from the view point of the interests of the dominant actors in the modern international system involved in Ukrainian affairs.

  15. Beyond Military Service: An Analysis of United States Naval Academy Graduates' Civilian Career Experiences

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bederman, Jeanette M

    2005-01-01

    .... Both the first salary after leaving the military service and the current salary are analyzed. Both salary models find that varsity athletes, honors graduates, submariners, and those who achieved higher military ranks earn more than their...

  16. [Evaluation of dental care coverage in the State Military Police in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro-Sobrinho, Clóvis; Souza, Luís Eugênio Portela Fernandes de; Chaves, Sônia Cristina Lima

    2008-02-01

    This study seeks to evaluate dental care coverage in the State Military Police in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil, from 2002 to 2004, estimating potential and real coverage rates. A single descriptive study was performed. Calculations were made of potential coverage rates considering hourly workloads of staff dentists and the real rates resulting from actual outpatient treatment. Potential human resources coverage was adequate (1 dentist per 1,618 policemen), while the real coverage rate was considered below the standard proposed by the Brazilian Ministry of Health (0.39 procedures per policeman per year). The low real coverage rate could be related to low productivity, the reasons for which should be investigated in greater depth in future studies, and might include organizational problems and lack of a management system to improve the quality of professional practice, with specifically defined targets.

  17. [Center of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of Central military district celebrates 70 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedniakov, V V; Kunaev, A V

    2012-04-01

    The history of the centre of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of Central military district stationed in Kazan is stated shortly. This institution originated in 104th sanitary and epidemiological detachment, which was formed in May 1942 in complement of Bryansk Navy. During 1942-1945 104th SED was allotted to Braynsk, Central, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Belarus's fronts. Nowadays this Center in Kazan is component part of the united territorial system of medical supply of troops stationed in republic of Tatarstan, Udmurtiya, Chuvashiya, Mariy Al. It is modern profile institution where work highly skilled physicians and medical stuff of medium-level. Employees of the center have great experience in realization of prophylactic and anti-epidemiological actions.

  18. U.S. Army Medical Department Journal (July-September 1998)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Peake, James B; Goodman, Robert L; Hillhouse, Roger H; Newsome, Steve; Reed, Lester H; Hume, Jr., Carroll R. Dotson ;Roderick F; Gussenhoven, Elisabeth; Garland, Frederick N; Still, Ron; Campbell, Kyle D; Austerman, Wayne R

    1998-01-01

    .... The "MAMC Improvement Award Program" describes the Madigan Army Medical Center's incentive program to reward organizational groups within a military hospital for improving efficiency, quality of care...

  19. The Significance of the Bulgarian Senior Military Leadership in World War I: A Comparative Study of the Bulgarian Army Operations at Dobro Pole and Doiran in 1918

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    INTRODUCTION Background Whether we support the brute and cruel military struggle or not, whether we are mild peace-lovers or adherents of power, the...was very persistent in his demands for additional clothing, supplies, and ammunition. He used every opportunity to request his superiors, even Crown

  20. Young Australians’ Attitudes to the Military and Military Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Wadham

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available What are young Australians’ understandings of, and attitudes to, the military and military service? This article describes a pilot study of 320 young Australian university students’ attitudes to the military and military service during a time when Australia was engaged in the Afghanistan war. The main purpose of this study was to develop a survey instrument for further work in researching civil–military relations in Australia. Civil–military relations describe the complex set of relationships between the civil and military spheres. The role of the military, the relationship between the state and the military, the division of labor between civilian and military entities, foreign policy, and knowledge of military service are some of the fields that constitute a study of civil–military relations. This article reports on beliefs about, and attitudes to the specificities of military service and responses to the broader field of civil–military relations.

  1. Quality assurance for radiographic imaging (military corps hospitals in Khartoum State) in Sudan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamadalneel, M. Y.; Osman, M. Y.

    2006-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality assurance procedures in the military corps in Khartoum State, through the comprehensive quality control Q C procedures of the x-ray machines and darkrooms in the x-ray departments, and to provide a quality assurance manual to support the federal ministry of health running Q A program. This study is the first time that the departments of the military corps apply Q C tests on their x-ray machines. The total number of x-ray machines in Khartoum State is 10 machines with 4 darkrooms. Only three of the x-ray machines are tested and the results showed that there are unacceptable parameters of the major exposure factors which determine the image quality. The percentage of accuracy defects are 67% for k Vp accuracy, 67% for time accuracy, 33% for relative m A linearity, 33% for relative m As linearity, 67% for k Vp reproducibility, 67% for collimator test. Also the tested darkrooms showed that the percentage of unacceptable parameters as: 15% for tested intensifying screens, 18% for tested cassettes, 100% for light leakage, 67% for safe light. Reject film analysis showed that 5.3% and 10% is the reject percentage during four months for the main and casualty centers respectively. Personal monitoring records showed that the dose is within the dose limits the maximum and minimum dose equivalent in 2001 is 4.231μ Sv, 0.154μSv and in 2002 is 2.736μSv, 0.167μSv consequently, and the monitoring has been stopped since july 2002. Also the study reveals that only 4% from the total cost of the x-ray machines owned by the mentioned hospitals is the price of the Q C test tools equipment s. The study gives a review of all definitions and Qc procedures needed for the Q A manual and can be referenced as a Q A manual for the military corps or any other hospital.(Author)

  2. A Descriptive Study on the Military Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammed Kürşad Özlen; Anes Zukic

    2013-01-01

    This study provides more complete deliberation of the current practices of leadership in the surveyed Armed Forces. This study aims to descriptively identify the degree of motivating military leadership, military environment, characteristics of military leaders and military leadership benefits in the selected army. The research method conducted was based on survey of 200 respondents in Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina and descriptive analyses of the survey data. According to the results...

  3. Managing the Civil-Military Relationship: A Study of Lincoln’s Management of the Army of the Potomac Within the Context of Mission Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    Unilaterally, however, these largely military led studies have recommended changes to the management of personalities or development of talents of...of a relationship. This relationship has changed over time, but during the Civil War Lincoln closely managed most aspects of the relationship himself... communicate and move both troops and supplies. This information was of paramount importance in terms of Lincoln’s ability to issue mission orders in

  4. Incidence and epidemiology of spinal cord injury within a closed American population: the United States military (2000–2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Schoenfeld, AJ; McCriskin, B.; Hsiao, M.; Burks, R.

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) within the population of the United States military from 2000–2009. This investigation also sought to define potential risk factors for the development of SCI.

  5. Religious Education Reform under the US Military Occupation: The Interpretation of State Shinto in Japan and Nazism in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Masako

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses the treatment of religion in Japanese education in the post-World War Two period. During the Allied Military Occupation, Japan adopted the principle of the separation of state and religion as a means to democratize the totalitarian, ethno-nationalistic education system of pre-1945. The case of Germany is also dealt with here…

  6. [Retrospective study of ALS in French military personnel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drouet, A; Desjeux, G; Balaire, C; Thevenin-Garron, V

    2010-01-01

    An apparent increased risk for developing Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), a multifactorial neurodegenerative disease, is considered to exist in the military population. ALS military and veteran patients were retrospectively recruited in April 2008 by searching medical data (Hippocrate) and repayment data (Erasme) of the French National Military Health Care Fund (Caisse nationale militaire de sécurité sociale, CNMSS) from de January 1991 to December 2007. We report a series of 73 patients, 69 male and four female, average age of 52.5 years (range 27 to 72 years) with a peak of patients in the 50-59 year age class. The branch of military service was Army (n=26 patients), Air force (n=14), Navy (n=10) and State Police Force (n=22). The incidence among male active duty military personnel was stable from 2002 to 2007; it was less than the general population (1.7/100,000 per year in 2007), but higher in the 40-44 and 50-54 year age classes (1.90 and 5.07/100,000 per year in 2007 respectively). Duration of active duty was on average 31 years. The retrospective nature of the data and the incomplete population with loss of retired military personnel without CNMSS affiliation are limitations of our study. Another means of collecting all cases of ALS among French military personnel and veterans would be to conduct a search in the 17 ALS centers in France with analysis by occupational activity for entire career.

  7. Social Science Research and Literature on the Contemporary Military in Socialist States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-01

    research activities i i , edical and personnel selection outfits. The study of foreign hostile militaries and s:=: trtzgic studies take place in civilian...8217 total time; various chores (cleaning barracks etc.) - 8.63 percent; mass communication - 7.58 percent; leisure, amusement, sports - 9.18 percent... model of civil-military relations has developed in a society lacking democratic traditions of civilian control over the military, of parliamentary

  8. The United States Humanitarian Demining Program: Civil-Military Relations in Humanitarian Demining

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    Mike Croll, The History of Landmines (Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 1998), 52. 10 Integrated Regional Information Networks , “Humanitarian Mine Clearance...2015, http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/15/newsid_2530000/ 2530603.stm. 15 Integrated Regional Information Networks ...and the military. 15 The third perspective in understanding civil-military relations is the tripartite interrelationship between the military, the

  9. Death of the Westphalia State System, Implications for Future Military Employment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McCoy, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    ...; and second the assertion arising out of globalization that a conventionally focused military designed to protect those principles seems to be increasingly anachronistic in a globalized, interdependent world...

  10. United States Military Presence in Central Asia: Implications of United States Basing for Central Asian Stability

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dockery, Jr, Leon W

    2006-01-01

    .... Immediately following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, the United States moved quickly to establish a presence in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, and after the defeat of the Taliban, several bases...

  11. Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    music festival.154 ASSESSMENT These joint Russian- Chinese military exercises serve several important national security purposes for both governments...APR 2015 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Parsing Chinese -Russian Military Exercises 5a. CONTRACT...support of Army participation in national security policy formulation. iii Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press PARSING CHINESE

  12. Autochthonous Chagas disease in the southern United States: A case report of suspected residential and military exposures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, N; Woc-Colburn, L; Gunter, S M; Gorchakov, R; Murray, K O; Rossmann, S; Garcia, M N

    2017-09-01

    Chagas disease is a parasitic infection that can result in a progressive dilated cardiomyopathy. Here, we present the epidemiologic details of a suspected locally acquired transmission case originating from the southern United States. This is the first published report of Chagas disease in a young, healthy United States veteran with repeat triatomine exposures in Arizona. Military personnel and Arizona residents should be aware of their Chagas disease transmission risks. © 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  13. U.S. Army War College Key Strategic Issues List

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2008-01-01

    The Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) offers military and civilian researchers a ready reference of topics that are of particular interest to the Department of the Army and the Department of Defense...

  14. U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID). The dedicated members of the USAMRIID staff ... military personnel and civilians from the threat of infectious diseases. We participate in support of emerging disease investigations, ...

  15. The Emerging Pattern of Civil-Military Relations in Islamist States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    the military is impermeable to its influence. By his definition all militaries have an “ethic” that is “ concrete , permanent, and universal.”54...authoritarian regimes might be influenced by general principles that Linz describes as “mentalities,” these do not comprise a concrete vision of the

  16. The United States Military’s Role in Combating Transnational Organized Crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    transnational crime and violent extremism. Separately from the formerly referred to Colombian case, the Peruvian military battled the Shining Path ( Sendero ... Luminoso ) that gleaned considerable revenues from narcotics trafficking. In Sri Lanka, the military has fought the Tamil Tigers who derive significant

  17. Military Mail Radio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bîlbîie Răduţ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural and scientific personalities from the army, military experts and creators of the doctrine have collaborated with the radio from the beginnings of radiophony, the educational role of this new, persuasive communication channel being evident not only for Romania or the Romanian army but also for all the countries that had radiophony services. This happens in the context of the end of the crisis and the start of economic and social development, promoting culture, creating a solid class of peasants with a certain social status, in villages, together with the priest, teacher and gendarme, increasing of the number of subscriptions and development of the Romanian radiophony.

  18. USAWC (United States Army War College) Military Studies Program. The Chaplain as Personal/Special Staff Officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-13

    effec- tiveness as a personal or special staff officer through historical analysis of chaplin initiatives in the past fifteen years. The most current DA...what Ch Charlie Brown called, ’covering yourself.’ Every staff officer will cover himself and insure that the commander gets a clean filtered

  19. Learning from Our Military History: The United States Army, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the Potential for Operational Art and Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    on his innate talent, he will find himself outside the model and in conflict with it; no matter how versatile the code, the situation will always lead...Enlightenment and philosophers such as Kant and Hegel. Clausewitz recognized this, but projected it onto the realm of warfare. 52The Infantry Journal...their innate talent and ability. Focusing on the latter—the officer in being—should thus mentally and intellectually prepare the officer 81Herbert, 54

  20. TECHNOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE MILITARY ENGINEERING TO THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RODRIGO CARO DE KARTZOW

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of the Chilean military industry is closely related to the growing of the national industry. Similarly to the way the history of the Army and the country are tightly related, the history of the military engineering is an example of organic growth when compared to its civilian counterpart. Collaboration instead of competition is the distinctive seal that best shows the development of weaponry, explosives, cartography and nuclear power. This collaboration have lasted with the years and we can afirm today that the relationship within civilian professionals and technicians and their military counterparts has reached an state that has never seen before. The governmental policies that fund R&D of initiatives that facilitate the science and technology study and research, come of a futuristic vision, born in the rim of the independent movements, driven naturally by the need of self sustain as sovereign nations.

  1. Army Contract Writing System (ACWS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Army Contract Writing System (ACWS) Defense Acquisition Management Information Retrieval...Military Construction MS - Milestone N/A - Not Applicable O&S - Operating and Support OSD - Office of the Secretary of Defense PB - President’s...Budget RDT&E - Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation SAE - Service Acquisition Executive TBD - To Be Determined TY - Then Year U.S.C- United

  2. Enhancing Combat Effectiveness, The Evolution of the United States Army Infantry Rifle Squad Since the End of World War II

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Karcher, Timothy

    2002-01-01

    This study analyzes the organization of the US Army infantry rifle squad since the end of World War II, focusing on the attempt to gain and then maintain the capability of fire and maneuver at the squad level...

  3. The Impact of Training and Culture on Leadership Values and Perceptions at the United States Army Engineer School

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thomas, Ted

    1998-01-01

    .... The EOBC students are training to assume leadership positions which the EOAC students were in. A random sample of business leaders values were then compared to the Army engineers values to draw cultural leadership...

  4. Mentoring the Afghan Army at the Officer Academy in Kabul

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mynster Christensen, Maya

    Capacity building of host nation militaries is a central component of current multinational military operations, which is likely to become increasingly vital to future military interventions in conflict settings. Focusing on the mentoring of the Afghan National Army at the British-led officer...... academy in Kabul, this policy brief stresses the urgency with which Western militaries should improve military capacity building efforts. Based on qualitative data collected at the British Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and the Afghan National Army Officer Academy, the brief outlines five clusters...... of military-specific recommendations on ‘measurements of success’, ‘local ownership’, ‘mentoring’, ‘coalition cultures’ and ‘Afghan values and visions’, which may be helpful in generating sustainable security solutions in Afghanistan and beyond....

  5. US Army blood program: 2025 and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Richard; Taylor, Audra L; Atkinson, Andrew J; Malloy, Wilbur W; Macdonald, Victor W; Cap, Andrew P

    2016-03-01

    In preparing to support the Army in 2025 and beyond, the Army Blood Program remains actively engaged with the research and advanced development of blood products and medical technology to improve blood safety and efficacy in conjunction with the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. National and International Blood Bank authorities have noted that the US Army research and development efforts in providing new blood products and improving blood safety operate on the cutting edge of technology and are transformational for the global blood industry. Over the past 14 years, the Army has transformed how blood support is provided and improved the survival rate of casualties. Almost every product or process developed by or for the military has found an application in treating civilian patients. Conflicts have many unwanted consequences; however, in times of conflict, one positive aspect is the identification of novel solutions to improve the safety and efficacy of the blood supply. © 2015 AABB.

  6. How Big Should the Army Be Considerations for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-02

    How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress Lawrence Kapp, Coordinator Specialist in Military Manpower Policy Andrew Feickert... the Army Be? Considerations for Congress Congressional Research Service 2 Figure 1. Army End Strength, FY1989-2016 Source: Defense Manpower Data...strength increase—as well as what component—it is difficult to ascertain the impact on readiness. An important factor is that of operational tempo. If the

  7. Fires Readiness: The State of US Army Fires in Support of Combined Arms Maneuver at the Division Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    DIVARTY Division Artillery DOTMLPF Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education , Personnel, Facilities FA Field Artillery...Program MMAS Masters of Military Arts and Sciences MOS Military Occupational Specialty OC/T Observer Coach Trainer SAMS School for Advanced Military...while serving as an observer coach trainer (OC/T) with the Mission Command Training Program (MCTP) from 2013 to 2015 I have noticed that units

  8. Army Audit Agency Process for Determining Audit Requirements and Requesting Resources

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1999-01-01

    .... The mission of the Army Audit Agency is to provide an independent and objective internal audit service to the Department of the Army through an appropriate mix of financial and performance audits. Internal audits by the Army Audit Agency of military commands, installations, or activities are scheduled on a periodic basis determined by the Auditor General.

  9. Childhood vaccination coverage rates among military dependents in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Angela C; Black, Carla L; Arnold, John; Brodine, Stephanie; Waalen, Jill; Binkin, Nancy

    2015-05-01

    The Military Health System provides universal coverage of all recommended childhood vaccinations. Few studies have examined the effect that being insured by the Military Health System has on childhood vaccination coverage. The purpose of this study was to compare the coverage of the universally recommended vaccines among military dependents versus other insured and uninsured children using a nationwide sample of children. The National Immunization Survey is a multistage, random-digit dialing survey designed to measure vaccination coverage estimates of US children aged 19 to 35 months old. Data from 2007 through 2012 were combined to permit comparison of vaccination coverage among military dependent and all other children. Among military dependents, 28.0% of children aged 19 to 35 months were not up to date on the 4:3:1:3:3:1 vaccination series excluding Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine compared with 21.1% of all other children (odds ratio: 1.4; 95% confidence interval: 1.2-1.6). After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, compared with all other US children, military dependent children were more likely to be incompletely vaccinated (odds ratio: 1.3; 95% confidence interval: 1.1-1.5). Lower vaccination coverage rates among US military dependent children might be due to this population being highly mobile. However, the lack of a military-wide childhood immunization registry and incomplete documentation of vaccinations could contribute to the lower vaccination coverage rates seen in this study. These results suggest the need for further investigation to evaluate vaccination coverage of children with complete ascertainment of vaccination history, and if lower immunization rates are verified, assessment of reasons for lower vaccination coverage rates among military dependent children. Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  10. The Financing and Personnel of the Lithuanian Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jokubauskas Vytautas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2014, at the beginning of the crisis in Ukraine and Russia‘s aggression against this neighboring country, Lithuania became concerned about the strengthening of its military capabilities, augmenting the National Defense System (NDS budget by almost 50% in two years. This may be considered unprecedented, if seen against the background of the presidential elections and those to the European Parliament, the fiscal discipline, the introduction of euro, as well as Russia‘s economic sanctions, the political decision in the course of 2014 on increasing the defense assignation by 130 million litas and in 2015 the increase by planned additional 356 million litas. This article analyzes two closely related problems of the Lithuanian NDS capabilities. First of all, changes in the NDS financing are explored in the context of permanent agreements of Lithuanian political parties concerning the allocation of 2% of the GDP for defense. This is followed by the discussion of the issues of military personnel staffing and training of the reserve as well as future challenges. This research contributes to the assessment of the critical NDS financing and staffing not only within academic circles but particularly among politicians and society in general. Additionally, it contributes to the awareness of the problems the army encountered in seeking to implement the objective set for it: to ensure the military security of the state. In the presence of the emerging threats in the region, this is of particularly great significance to the demilitarized and pacifist society of Lithuania. The article aims at identifying financing and personnel planning problems throughout a quarter of the century, ranging from the restoration of the Army of the Republic of Lithuania to 2014 inclusively. At the same time, the study encourages a discussion by the academic community on issues of the military security of the Lithuanian State and provides analyses as well as possible

  11. The 20 year evolution of an energy conversion course at the United States Military Academy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bailey, Margaret; Oezer Arnas, A.; Potter, Robert; Samples, Jerry W.

    2004-01-01

    Over the past several years, an energy conversion course offered by the Mechanical Engineering Program at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, has evolved into a cohesive series of lessons addressing three general topical areas: advanced thermodynamics, advanced mechanical system analysis, and direct energy conversion systems. Mechanical engineering majors enroll in Energy Conversion Systems (ME 472) during the fall semester of their senior year as an advanced elective. ME 472 builds directly on the material covered in Thermodynamics (EM 301) taken during the student's junior year. In the first segment of ME 472, the students study advanced thermodynamic topics including exergy and combustion analyses. The students then analyze various mechanical systems including refrigeration systems, internal combustion engines, boilers, and fossil fuel fired steam and gas turbine combined power plants. Exergetic efficiencies of various equipment and systems are determined. The final portion of the course covers direct energy conversion technology, including fuel cells, photovoltaics, thermoelectricity, thermionics and magnetohydrodynamics. Supplemental lessons on energy storage, semi-conductors and nonreactive energy sources (such as solar collectors, wind turbines, and hydroelectric plants) are included here. This paper discusses the evolution of ME 472 since its inception and explains the motivations for the course's progress

  12. Counter - Drug: Mandate for the Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-01

    active and reserve forces, and restart the Military Assistance Training Advisor ( MATA ) course at Fort Bragg. (5) Provide positive examples of CONUS...reduced or no charge, and at either US or host country sites. Develop a CONUS-based training course for source country security forces (El Salvador ...JAG Judge Advocate General JRTC Joint Readiness Training Center JTF joint task force LEA law enforcement agency MACOM major Army command MATA Military

  13. Authentic science in education: Studies in course-based research at the United States Military Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Anthony M.

    This dissertation consists of two studies at the United States Military Academy. Both studies involve the use of Course-based Undergraduate Research Experiences (CUREs). These experiences give students the ability to engage in undergraduate research at an early point in their academic career by replacing traditional laboratory activities with semester-long research projects. Both studies show an implementation of this type of instruction from the Center for Authentic Science Practice in Education (CASPiE). Study 1 shows the specific method of implementation at the military academy and explores learning-based outcomes. Primarily the outcome of critical thinking is demonstrated. Critical thinking is a construct that many curriculum developers and instructors want to foster within their students but often lack clear definitions or evaluation plans. This study gives a definition of critical thinking and an outcome of a critical thinking test. Significant gains in critical thinking are observed by students participating in the CURE as well as significant gains in three affective factors (Interest in Science/Chemistry, Authenticity, Perceived Learning). The gains in critical thinking are then further statistically linked to students’ perceptions of how authentically they saw the research in the course. If they felt that the course was demonstrating more authentic science practices, they gained significantly more in their critical thinking scores. The second study in this dissertation adds an additional transfer focus to the instructional materials that the CURE was meant to support. The treatment group in this study received instruction that was framed expansively. The expansively framed instruction showed students ways that the material was applicable outside of the course. The assessments and instructional materials of this study were transfer assessments with contrasting cases. Instances of negative or “overzealous transfer” were also reported. Findings suggest

  14. Monitoring and Assessment of Military Installation Land Condition under Training Disturbance Using Remote Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rijal, Santosh

    Various military training activities are conducted in more than 11.3 million hectares of land (> 5,500 training sites) in the United States (U.S.). These training activities directly and indirectly degrade the land. Land degradation can impede continuous military training. In order to sustain long term training missions and Army combat readiness, the environmental conditions of the military installations need to be carefully monitored and assessed. Furthermore, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and the U.S. Army Regulation 200-2 require the DoD to minimize the environmental impacts of training and document the environmental consequences of their actions. To achieve these objectives, the Department of Army initiated an Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) program to manage training lands through assessing their environmental requirements and establishing policies and procedures to achieve optimum, sustainable use of training lands. One of the programs under ITAM, Range and Training Land Assessment (RTLA) was established to collect field-based data for monitoring installation's environmental condition. Due to high cost and inefficiencies involved in the collection of field data, the RTLA program was stopped in several military installations. Therefore, there has been a strong need to develop an efficient and low cost remote sensing based methodology for assessing and monitoring land conditions of military installations. It is also important to make a long-term assessment of installation land condition for understanding cumulative impacts of continuous military training activities. Additionally, it is unclear that compared to non-military land condition, to what extent military training activities have led to the degradation of land condition for military installations. The first paper of this dissertation developed a soil erosion relevant and image derived cover factor (ICF) based on linear spectral mixture (LSM) analysis to assess and

  15. Proliferation of Russian Military Equipment: Implications for United States Air and Space Power

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kwast, Steven

    2003-01-01

    Russia is flooding world markets with military equipment. This flood of equipment is acting like a fuel source for terrorist organizations and countries around the world to use force against their enemies...

  16. Guinea’s 2008 Military Coup and Relations with the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-16

    little popular support. In early April, a military junta calling itself the Military Committee of National Recovery ( Conseil Militaire de Redressement...multinational aluminum firm Alcoa, for instance, is a major shareholder in the Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee, a bauxite mining and export partnership with...These protests, together with Conté’s ill health and reclusiveness, also led to power struggles within the cabinet and Conté’s inner circle

  17. Pakistan: Civil-Military Relations in a Post-Colonial State

    OpenAIRE

    Ejaz Hussain

    2012-01-01

    This article has attempted to explain why the military has remained a powerful political institution/force in Pakistan. Its purpose was to test a hypothesis that posited that the colonial authority structure and the 1947 partition-oriented structural dynamics provided an important structural construct in explaining politics and the military in post-colonial Pakistan. To explain and analyse the problem, the study used books, journals, newspapers and government documents for quantitative/ expla...

  18. Changing of the Guard: Nation Building and the United States Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    decade after hostilities ended in Vietnam. Listing numerous military failures between the Sontay prison raid in 1970 and Grenada in 1983, Richard... homosexuals to serve openly in the military. 2 Dale Herspring suggests the new president lacked the leadership qualities required of a commander...situation in a manner that maintained his popularity. Displaying exasperation, he suggested the Reagan administration had invaded Grenada as a

  19. Combating Drug Trafficking: Variation in the United StatesMilitary Cooperation with Colombia and Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    TRAFFICKING: VARIATION IN THE UNITED STATES’ MILITARY COOPERATION WITH COLOMBIA AND MEXICO by Brian S. Curry June 2017 Thesis Advisor...COOPERATION WITH COLOMBIA AND MEXICO 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Brian S. Curry 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval...open, and Colombia allows a garrison of U.S. military personnel in Colombia , leading to greater cooperation. Realism best explains reasons for when

  20. [Analysis of military service disability due to discopathy and spondylosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talar, J; Cierpisz, W

    1993-01-01

    One hundred medical certificates issued by the Local Military Medical Commission and which served as a basis for discharging the military from the Polish Army were used for the analysis of discopathy and spondylosis observed in this group of population. The age of subjects, length of military service and service conditions were taken into consideration. It was revealed that over 30% of active military men had been discharged from the army due to discopathy and spondylosis. The largest group of the military suffering from these diseases (about 60%) was found in troops of the line.

  1. A State Cinematographic Practice in Wartime. The Belgian Army Film Unit 1916-1922

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rochet, Bénédicte

    2016-01-01

    abstractMass media widely disseminated iconographic representations of the war. In this profusion of images, the behaviour of state authorities changed, while they had previously looked down on these two types of media. The alleged power of images led belligerents to take control of war pictures

  2. Medical Diplomacy in the United States Army: A Concept Whose Time Has Come

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-13

    particularly in conflict areas and resource poor environments ( Corbin 2007). It has been described in simpler terms as public health with the...recognized the powerful impact of the medical operations in the fight against the Viet Cong. Henry Cabot Lodge, the Ambassador to Vietnam, stated that...

  3. The Ukrainian Crisis and European Security: Implications for the United States and U.S. Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Corruption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Meeting Energy Needs...European Security: Implications for the United States Pursuing Reform and Reducing Corruption The first challenge is to implement a coherent and...Many, particularly former president Yanukovych, put personal power and greed ahead of the national interest. A related challenge is posed by the

  4. [Application and research of acupuncture in military].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lu; Li, Xiao-Qian; Chen, Hong-Yun; Li, Wei-Hong; Zhou, Shuang; Zhou, Qing-Hui

    2014-01-01

    Acupuncture has remarkable effects of pain relieving and functional restoration on injuries of soft tissue and joint due to military training. As more and more attention has been attached to the impact of psychological states and biorhythm disorder on the fighting ability of military staff, acupuncture has found its place in treating chronic fatigue, combat stress reaction, traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder as well as regulating circadian rhythms. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture in military training-related physical damage and psychological trauma has already been proved by numerous clinical practices and researches. It is held that using acupuncture as an alternative could not only save medical resources, but also enhance the fighting ability of the army. However, the current clinical studies is facing the problem of limited sample size. Therefore, randomized controlled trials in large scale and multiple centers should be further carried out toward military staff, so as to provide more speaking evidences to the prevention and treatment of physical and psychological diseases.

  5. An Evaluation of the Latent Tuberculosis Control Program in the United States Military at Accession

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    Communicable and Other Diseases. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army 1928. [38] Spillman R. The value of radiography in...Schulzer M, FitzGerald JM. A meta-analysis of the effect of Bacille Calmette Guerin vaccination on tuberculin skin test measurements. Thorax . 2002 Sep;57

  6. Factors predicting health behaviors among Army Reserve, active duty Army, and civilian hospital employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynd, Christine A; Ryan-Wenger, Nancy A

    2004-12-01

    This study identified health-risk and health-promoting behaviors in military and civilian personnel employed in hospitals. Intrinsic self-motivation and extrinsic organizational workplace factors were examined as predictors of health behaviors. Because reservists represent a blend of military and civilian lifestyles, descriptive analyses focused on comparing Army Reserve personnel (n = 199) with active duty Army (n = 218) and civilian employees (n = 193), for a total sample of 610. Self-motivation and social support were significant factors contributing to the adoption of health-promoting behaviors; however, organizational workplace cultures were inconsistent predictors of health among the three groups. Only the active Army subgroup identified a hierarchical culture as having an influence on health promotion, possibly because of the Army's mandatory physical fitness and weight control standards. Social support and self-motivation are essential to promoting health among employees, thus hospital commanders and chief executive officers should encourage strategies that enhance and reward these behaviors.

  7. Acupuncture in Military Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Soldiers and family members, and to reduce excessive use, or supplement judicious use of pain medications. The Acupuncture in Modern Medicine336 Army ... acupuncture . Acupuncture in Military Medicine http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/55146 331 3. A Holistic approach to pain Complementary and integrative (CI...medical care. More than other CI therapies, acupuncture has undergone a significant integration particularly as a complement to traditional pain manage

  8. Applicability Of The Law Of Requisite Variety In Major Military System Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    warfare through modern doctrine (Headquarters, Department of the Army, 2001). Ironically, a pair of authors who would publish a best- selling book on...responses to an adaptive and unconventional enemy. Their book was certainly not intended to be military related but it demonstrates the human and...Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, to track the progress of the MRAP program. He stated that he ended all of his meetings with “hurry up, kids are dying

  9. A Study to Identify the Transitional Training Needs for United States Army Medical Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-29

    of no current effort tinder way to ascertain the transitional training needs for members of this most vital segment of the health care team. The goal...leadership development, office communi-ations, professional and legal obligations, Rawls 8 and practice marketing . Because these newly trained physicians...specialty. It is felt, though, that insufficient data were obtained on which to state such inferences. It is conceivable that psychographic

  10. United States Army Counter Partisan Operations in Northern Virginia During the American Civil War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    destruction of the reserve brigade’s [supply] 18 Walter Coffee , The Civil War Months: A Month by Month...privileges of the prisoner of war.”57 The perceptions of senior Union leadership on partisan prisoners changed in 1864 when General Grant...CMH_Pub_73-3.pdf. Coffee , Walter. The Civil War Months: A Month by Month Compendium of the War Between the States. Bloomington: Author House, 2012

  11. Hand Surgery In World War II. Medical Department, United States Army,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1955-09-01

    This book remained almost the only standard text on hand care until the outbreak of World War II. During the intervening 25 years significant work in...such hand surgery was being done at the outbreak of World War II. Kanavel’s prin- ciples concerning the management of infections were accepted and...179, Anxiety states. See Psychotic patients, 208, 238, 263, 282, 283 (illus.), 296, categories of. 302, 303, 332, 352, 393, 394 (illus.), Arm boards

  12. Determining Market Categorization of United States Zip Codes for Purposes of Army Recruiting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    to the areas that are expected to have higher production . This circular logic presents the risk that there are ZIP codes in the United States that... production activities deduction A03240 Income Tax Average Domestic production activities deduction amount N04470 Income Tax Percentage of returns...Zone Improvement Plan (ZIP) codes to assign recruiters and to track recruit production . ZIP codes have different densities of potential recruits; the

  13. Closing the Door Behind You: How the United States Army Conducts Logistical Withdrawals after Lengthy Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    AirLand Battle doctrine. It remains an active Field Manual. FM 100-9 details the steps to regenerate combat power after extensive attrition by enemy...peace talks in Paris . After a heavy bombing campaign against North Vietnam forced a resumption of negotiations, the United States agreed to a cease-fire...march to Baghdad, hindered mobility throughout urban areas and stability operations. CJTF-7 leaders saw that additional forces would be required to

  14. Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space—A vision for virtual military amputee support

    OpenAIRE

    Ashley Fisher, MA; Doug Thompson

    2010-01-01

    The war in Iraq is the largest and longest sustained combat operation by the U.S. military since the Vietnam war. An estimated nearly 2 million U.S. military personnel have been deployed for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom [1]. Dr. Chuck Scoville, Col. Ret., Chief of Amputee Patient Care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, stated that as of November 2009, 937 war fighters have suffered an amputation as a result of a battle injury. The successful recovery from a traumati...

  15. Smokeless tobacco use in the United States military: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Hannah E; Hunt, Yvonne M; Augustson, Erik

    2012-05-01

    Smokeless tobacco (ST) use represents an important target for intervention in the U.S. military population because it impairs "military readiness" and harms the health of the military. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of ST studies conducted in the U.S. military population in order to assess the content of existing ST research in this population, provide estimates of prevalence and clinically relevant use patterns, and discuss how these findings might be used to guide future ST research among this population. We reviewed articles published through December 2010 using PubMed and PsycINFO databases, Google Scholar, and any relevant articles' reference lists. Inclusion criteria included focus on a U.S. military sample, English language, measured tobacco use, and ST prevalence was reported or could be calculated. To the extent possible, each article was coded for demographics, socioeconomic status, prevalence, amount, frequency, and length of use, and quit intentions/attempts. Thirty-nine articles met criteria for inclusion. Less than half focused primarily on ST use among military personnel. The remaining studies measured ST use in the context of other behaviors. Findings related to clinically relevant behaviors included a need for more cohort and intervention studies, a better understanding of ST use in combination with cigarettes (i.e., concurrent use), and identifying risk factors for ST initiation and use. ST use is prevalent among military personnel, as is concurrent use of cigarettes and ST. We provide a number of recommendations to guide future research in this important, yet understudied, area.

  16. IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE STATE FINANCIAL CONTROL IN THE SPHERE OF HIGH-TECH MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anzhela Zakhitovna Namitulina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The presented research topic is particularly relevant due to the high value and the need to strengthen fi nancial control for the development of the military-industrial complex (MIC, to ensure the country's economic security, preservation and development of scientifi c and technical potential. The urgency of acquiring those aspects of economic relations which are connected with the supply the export of high-tech military products in a limited budget funding State should have levers of infl uence on the functioning of the military-industrial complex, the ability to pursue an independent foreign military-technical policy. In the new economic conditions, it became necessary to address the problems of fi nancial security of the defense-industrial complex, in order to strengthen the independence and security of Russia, as well as the need to give priority nature of the measures of state control in the economy related to the implementation of the defense order, ie, in the sphere of military-industrial complex. At the present stage of economic development of Russia, the rate of growth of the national economy largely depends on what the situation is in the military-industrial complex (MIC. This is due to the fact that the defense industry is the most high-quality, high-tech economy. It concentrated the largest part of the Russian potential, the best staff of scientists and experts. Products and DIC technology widely used in other industries. The modern military-industrial complex produces a signifi cant part of civil production. DIC integration with civilian industries – it is also a technological basis for solving the basic problems currently facing the Russian economy, and, above all, the basis of the formation of a new technological basis for the development of high technology and competitive products, which determines the pace of scientifi c and technological progress and the growth of the national economy. Objectives. The aim of the paper is the

  17. Coping with Death and Grief: A Strategy for Army Leadership

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smith, Albert

    1999-01-01

    .... The military as a whole is not psychologically prepared to deal with death and grief. Military leaders and soldiers have learned from society that it is not okay to openly express their grief, which has a profound impact on morale in the Army...

  18. Suicide in the Army National Guard: An Empirical Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, James

    2012-01-01

    Since 2004, suicides in the U.S. military have risen, most notably in the Army National Guard (ARNG). Data used in this study were obtained for suicides occurring from 2007 to 2010 and for a random sample of nonsuicides from the general ARNG population. Of the military-related variables considered, a few showed relationships to suicide. Rather,…

  19. Army Solid State Laser Program: Design, Operation, and Mission Analysis for a Heat-Capacity Laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dane, C B; Flath, L; Rotter, M; Fochs, S; Brase, J; Bretney, K

    2001-01-01

    Solid-state lasers have held great promise for the generation of high-average-power, high-quality output beams for a number of decades. However, the inherent difficulty of scaling the active solid-state gain media while continuing to provide efficient cooling has limited demonstrated powers to 10X the diffraction limit. Challenges posed by optical distortions and depolarization arising from internal temperature gradients in the gain medium of a continuously cooled system are only increased for laser designs that would attempt to deliver the high average power in the form of high energy pulses (>25J) from a single coherent optical aperture. Although demonstrated phase-locking of multiple laser apertures may hold significant promise for the future scaling of solid-state laser systems,1 the continuing need for additional technical development and innovation coupled with the anticipated complexity of these systems effectively limits this approach for near-term multi-kW laser operation outside of a laboratory setting. We have developed and demonstrated a new operational mode for solid-state laser systems in which the cooling of the gain medium is separated in time from the lasing cycle. In ''heat-capacity'' operation, no cooling takes place during lasing. The gain medium is pumped very uniformly and the waste heat from the excitation process is stored in the solid-state gain medium. By depositing the heat on time scales that are short compared to thermal diffusion across the optical aperture, very high average power operation is possible while maintaining low optical distortions. After a lasing cycle, aggressive cooling can then take place in the absence of lasing, limited only by the fracture limit of the solid-state medium. This mode of operation is ideally suited for applications that require 1-30s engagements at very high average power. If necessary, multiple laser apertures can provide continuous operation. Land Combat mission analysis of a stressing air defense

  20. Mortality surveillance in the U.S. Army, 2005-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancha, Brent E; Watkins, Eren Youmans; Nichols, Jerrica N; Seguin, Peter G; Bell, Amy Millikan

    2014-12-01

    Mortality rates in the U.S. Army from 2005 to 2011 were examined over time and compared to the U.S. general population. Cases were U.S. Army Soldiers (active duty or activated National Guard/Reserve) with dates of death between 2005 and 2011 and between 18 and 64 years of age in the Department of Defense Medical Mortality Registry. Age- and sex-adjusted annual mortality rates (AR) were calculated for each category of death and examined via linear regression. Proportions of underlying causes of death were also examined. The trend in AR in the U.S. Army significantly decreased for combat deaths, the average annual percent change (AAPC) = 15.2% decrease in the log of the rate (LAR); p = 0.04 and accident deaths, AAPC = 5.4% decrease in the LAR; p = 0.002 and significantly increased for suicides, AAPC = 10.6% increase in the LAR; p = 0.001. The trend in AR for suicides for the Army was significantly different compared to the U.S. general population, AAPC = 11.0% increase in the LAR; p Army suicide rate increased in comparison to the United States. 70% of accident deaths were transportation related. Almost 70% of suicides and homicides were firearm related. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  1. Evolving the Army’s Government-Owned Contractor-Operated (GOCO) Facilities Business Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    two are GOGOs, Tooele Army Depot ( TEAD ) and Anniston Army Depot (ANAD), and the other two are GOCO‟s, Hawthorne Army Ammunition (HWAAD) and Holston...Making-the-Military-More-Efficient. (accessed January 27, 2011) 15 Kathy Anderson, “ TEAD Participates in Special Installation Pilot Study”, May 26...2010 http://www.army.mil/-news/2010/05/26/39847- tead -participates-in-special-installation-pilot-study/ (accessed February, 27 2011) 16 Ibid. 21

  2. Military laser weapons: current controversies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seet, B; Wong, T Y

    2001-09-01

    Military laser weapons systems are becoming indispensable in most modern armies. These lasers have undergone many stages of development, and have outpaced research on eye protection measures, which continue to have inherent limitations. Eye injuries caused by military lasers are increasingly reported, leading to speculation that these would become an important cause of blinding in modern conflicts. As part of the effort to ban inhumane weapons, international laws have been passed to restrict the proliferation of such blinding weapons. However, there are controversies concerning the interpretation, implementation and effectiveness of these laws. The ophthalmic community can play a greater role in highlighting ocular morbidity from military lasers, and in preventing their further proliferation.

  3. Human Rights and United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance in Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    hearts and minds of local populations by seeing to the provision of their basic needs, such as potable water and healthcare. These projects, many...Socialist Deputy Questions U.S. Troop Presence,” G1. 102 Ibid.; “Deputy Aguas Rejects U.S. Military Presence,” [text] Quito, Quito Radio [Spanish], 2300 GMT...online: www.humanrights- usa.net/statements/0425RtoD.htm Accessed 3 September 2003. “Deputy Aguas Rejects U.S. Military Presence,” [text] Quito, Quito

  4. Selection and Classification of United States Military Officers: A fifty-Year Bibliography (1937-1986)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-01

    Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University, Air Command and Staff College. 332 Boyd, J.L. (1972). The impact of the civilian testing industry upon military personnel...Medicine, 15, 131-135. 551 Johnson, H.M. (1944). (In cooperation with M.L. Boots & R.J. Wherry with the assistance of O.C. Hotaling , L.G. Martin, & F.P...Vol. 9, pp. 201-205). New York: MacMillan Co. 1972 706 Boyd, J.L. (197?). The impact of the civilian testing industry upon military personnel

  5. Has Goldwater-Nichols Improved the United States Military’s Ability to Meet Strategic Objectives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    respective service Chief or Statf. (3:499-505) One important point was that this act did not proviae tor a military Chairman of the Joint Chiers of Start...wanted a single point of contact in the military to provide that information to him. (7:73-75) 9 The position of Cnairman of the Joint Chiers of Staff...the Joint Chiers of Start. Goldwater-Nichois was the culmination of over three years of work by both the Senate and House of Representatives Committees

  6. Structure: Suitable Staffing and Training of Functional Specialists within the United States Army Reserve Civil Affairs Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    15Stuart E. Johnson , John E. Peters, Karin E. Kitchens, and Aaron Martin, A Review of the Army’s Modular Force Structure (Arlington, VA...coordinate effectively with the military. When President Johnson disbanded the OCO, the US Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV) Commander...H., Kenneth Finlayson, Robert W. Jones, Jr., Cherilyn A. Walley, A. Dwayne Aaron, Michael R. Mullins, and James A. Schroder. All Roads Lead To

  7. Music for the injured soldier: a contribution of American women's military bands during World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Jill M

    2007-01-01

    This study is an investigation of the contributions of women's military bands in the United States to the reconditioning of the injured American troops during World War II. Primary and secondary sources revealed that these bands welcomed home hospital ships, performed for convalescing soldiers in hospitals, and provided music for hospital dances. While each of the bands investigated served in similar capacities, only one, the 403rd Women's Army Corps (WAC) Band, was stationed at a hospital. While entertainment by women's bands was an important part of the Army Reconditioning Program for the injured, the study also revealed a working partnership that developed between these musicians and the medical community. Sixty years after the war, band members believe their performances in hospitals were the most important contribution of their service. Some historians have concluded that music used in military hospitals during the war was the impetus for the music therapy profession.

  8. 75 FR 53266 - United States Army Restricted Area, Designated Portions of Eagle Bay and Eagle River, Fort...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ... noise during certain training exercises; Army control of this area is also necessary to prevent... Eagle River in order to enhance safety and security. This portion of Eagle River runs through an active... Web site is an anonymous access system, which means we will not know your identity or contact...

  9. POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS GARRISON DAM HYDRO- ELECTRIC POWERPLANT - RIVERDALE, NORTH DAKOTA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report describes the results of pollution prevention opportunity assessments conducted at a representative U.S. Army Corps of Engineers civil works dam and hydroelectric power plant. ecommended methods for reducing pollution resulting primarily from the operation of these fac...

  10. Women and Work: A Focused Examination of Female Contributions to the Army Nurse Corps within the American Military during the Second World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Tracy

    2011-01-01

    Women have been involved within the public sphere of the workforce for thousands of years. Within the United States during the 18 th and 19th Centuries, it was often with socially mandated stipulations. Once a woman was married, she usually withdrew to tend to the home front. If she became widowed, it was deemed tolerable for her to once again…

  11. 76 FR 63188 - Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This document gives notice of OSHA's... federal OSHA for conducting safety and health inspections of private sector employers within the borders of all military installations in Hawaii. Accordingly, OSHA amends its regulations to reflect this...

  12. The military, prostitution, and colonial peoples: India and the Philippines, 1885-1917.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pivar, David J

    1981-08-01

    British moral reformers, under the leadership of Josephine Butler, Henry J. Wilson and James Stansfeld, successfully campaigned for the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts. These Acts had introduced a military system of regulated prostitution into England modeled on state regulated prostitution utilized on the Continent from 1864 to 1869. These initial antiprostitution agitations later took the form of a social purification movement. Repeal in 1886 left the British Army in India in noncompliance with Parliamentary efforts at abolition. In 1891 American members of the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union undertook a sociological investigation of Indian military cantonments-the Abolitionist cause had been extended to the United States and the Continent. Based on these reports, reformers at home were able to extract admissions from the military and government that the system continued in existence. Nevertheless, the British Army reorganized its program, according to subsequent investigations, into neoregulationism. During World War I, the British Army in India finally abandoned its neoregulationist policy. Symbolic reform was another matter. British reformers met with successes in introducing social purity into Indian social reform. Future campaigns against temple prostitution and Indian social progress grew from these efforts. The American experience with the Philippines was a logical extension of reform policy toward India. Failures paralleled those of British and Indian reformers. As in the case of British reform, there was a redirection of efforts to antiopium and antigambling reforms. Generally, anti-vice reforms were instrumentalities contributing to early efforts at "modernization."

  13. Medicinal uses of the mushroom Cordyceps militaris: current state and prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Shonkor Kumar; Masuda, Mina; Sakurai, Akihiko; Sakakibara, Mikio

    2010-12-01

    Cordyceps militaris is a potential harbour of bio-metabolites for herbal drugs and evidences are available about its applications for revitalization of various systems of the body from ancient times. Amongst all the species, C. militaris is considered as the oldest source of some useful chemical constituents. Besides their popular applications for tonic medicine by the all stairs of the community, the constituents of C. militaris are now used extensively in modern systems of medicine. The current survey records the mysterious potentials of C. militaris are boosting up the present herbal treatments, as well as gearing up the green pharmacy revolution, in order to create a friendly environment with reasonable safety. Evidence showed that the active principles of C. militaris are beneficial to act as pro-sexual, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant/anti-aging, anti-tumour/anti-cancer/anti-leukemic, anti-proliferative, anti-metastatic, immunomodulatory, anti-microbial, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-protozoal, insecticidal, larvicidal, anti-fibrotic, steroidogenic, hypoglacaemic, hypolipidaemic, anti-angiogenetic, anti-diabetic, anti-HIV, anti-malarial, anti-fatigue, neuroprotective, liver-protective, reno-protective as well as pneumo-protective, let alone their other synergistic activities, which let it be marketable in the western countries as over-the-counter medicine. A number of culture techniques for this mushroom have been noticed, for example, storage/stock culture, pre-culture, popular/indigenous culture (spawn culture, husked rice culture and saw dust culture) and, special/laboratory culture (shaking culture, submerged culture, surface liquid culture and continuous/repeated batch culture). The prospects for herbal biotechnology regarding drug discovery using C. militaris delivering what it has promised are high, as the technology is now extremely more powerful than before. This study chiefly highlights the medicinal uses of the mushroom C. militaris

  14. A Case History Study of the Recycling Efforts from the United States Army Corps of Engineers Hurricane Katrina Debris Removal Mission in Mississippi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Leroy Brandon

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In support of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA, the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE managed the removal of Hurricane Katrina storm debris in several states. This paper focuses on the debris removal practices in 16 southern Mississippi counties and the recycling efforts. Debris was removed from public and private property. The debris included vegetation, construction material, electronic waste, vehicles, and vessels. The scope of the USACE mission was expanded several times. The scope within the respective counties varied from vegetation only to the removal of every eligible form of debris. The recommendations proposed should enhance recycling efforts during future debris removal missions.

  15. Are Large Scale (Brigade Combat Team or Regimental Level and Above) United States Army Airborne Operations Effective in the Context of 21st Century Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-15

    Grave, across the Waal at Nijmegen and over the Rhine at Arnhem.൮ Speed was crucial to the operation in preventing the Germans from recovering and...53United States Military Academy History Department. http://www.dean.usma.edu/departments/history/web03/ atlases /conflicts%2058%20west/conflicts...executed this with precision and speed . By seizing the Rio Hato airfield and Fort Cimarron, this isolated Panama City so that operations could be

  16. Constraints on the Soft Power Efforts of Authoritarian States: The Case of the 2015 Military Parade in Beijing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørup Sørensen, Camilla Tenna

    2017-01-01

    Is it possible for authoritarian states such as China, Russia, and Iran to combine the soft power narratives directed primarily towards an international audience with the narratives directed primarily towards a domestic audience that are aimed at maintaining regime security? To investigate...... this question, this article analyses the 2015 military parade in Beijing, using this case to highlight and discuss the constraints on Chinese leaders’ efforts to project soft power. The key finding is that soft power will continue to be the weak link in China’s pursuit of a great power position and status...

  17. Weekend Warriors for Water: Combating Water Scarcity in West Africa with United States Army National Guard and Reserve Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    any other provision of law , no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a...personal goals. To the former members of 3d Platoon, 92d Chemical Company , 3d Infantry Division, thank you for giving me faith in myself and the Army...solutions (U.S. Water Partnership 2017). Other Organizations There are a plethora of private and public companies , agencies, and governments that strive to

  18. The Use of the Virginia Military Institute Corps of Cadets as a Military Unit before and during the War between the States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    containing chapters on everything from Army Organization and Arms, Evolutions of the Regiment to Honors and Ceremonies. The manual was used for a...purchase supplies in Europe. The supplies were successfully run from Nassau through the blockade on Ficklin’s boat the Giraffe . However, getting

  19. Serving the army as secretaries: intersectionality, multi-level contract and subjective experience of citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomsky-Feder, Edna; Sasson-Levy, Orna

    2015-03-01

    With the growing elusiveness of the state apparatus in late modernity, military service is one of the last institutions to be clearly identified with the state, its ideologies and its policies. Therefore, negotiations between the military and its recruits produce acting subjects of citizenship with long-lasting consequences. Arguing that these negotiations are regulated by multi-level (civic, group, and individual) contracts, we explore the various meanings that these contracts obtain at the intersectionality of gender, class, and ethnicity; and examine how they shape the subjective experience of soldierhood and citizenship. More particularly, we analyse the meaning of military service in the retrospective life stories of Israeli Jewish women from various ethno-class backgrounds who served as army secretaries - a low-status, feminine gender-typed occupation within a hyper-masculine organization. Findings reveal that for women of the lower class, the organizing cultural schema of the multi-level contract is that of achieving respectability through military service, which means being included in the national collective. Conversely, for middle-class women, it is the sense of entitlement that shapes their contract with the military, which they expect to signify and maintain their privileged status. Thus, while for the lower class, the multi-level contract is about inclusion within the boundaries of the national collective, for the dominant groups, this contract is about reproducing social class hierarchies within national boundaries. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2014.

  20. Political change in Europe and the future of United States military presence in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Zduniak, Pawel Piotr

    2005-01-01

    This thesis analyzes American basing structure in Germany, in a new political environment at the beginning of the 21st century. The end of the Cold War changed the political and strategic situation in Europe and the substance of American military presence in Europe. The War on Terrorism suggests that the current threats are dynamic and unpredictable and the idea of a permanent U.S. basing structure in the heart of Europe should be reconsidered. Specifically, this thesis describes the reasons...

  1. Military Support to Law Enforcement Agencies Along the United States Southwestern Border

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    the Military. There are numerous resources available discussing the Merida Initiative developed along the same lines as Plan Colombia was in previous...all US cocaine transits Mexico. Mexico is also the dominant source of methamphetamine production for the US market . The drug cartels have criminal...low wages makes the Mexican employees an easy target for cartels. A recent study of pharmaceutical shipment thefts found that 65 percent of the

  2. Longitudinal Study of Sleep Patterns of United States Military Academy Cadets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    chronic sleep debt and insomnia and a variety of physical and mental health issues.23-25 Additional evidence points to the role of sleep in...poor sleep hygiene which could quite possibly result in lifelong habits that could follow them into their military careers. This possibility is...school fosters ex- tremely bad habits that may carry over to the workplace. Our findings clearly demonstrate the significant sleep deprivation

  3. MILITARY AIRCRAFT: Services Need Strategies to Reduce Cannibalizations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    .... This would impair aircraft and other equipment readiness. To compensate for shortfalls in logistics, all the military services Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps have resorted to cannibalization...

  4. Evaluation of Purging Solutions for Military Fuel Tanks

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rhee, In-Sik

    2003-01-01

    .... It is also a biodegradable water based solvent. Because of this property, US Army has used this environmentally friendly solvent as a purging solution in all military fuel tanks including Heavy Expanded Mobility Truck (HEMTT...

  5. Military conscription in South Africa, 1952-1972

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Callister

    , and a great professional pride surrounded the army, often accompanied by mistrust and even ... Boer War most Afrikaners did not wish to be participants in what they saw as ... African Military and Intelligence (Halfway House, 1996), p. 122.

  6. Military Occupational Stressors in Garrison, Training, and Deployed Environments

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Adler, Amy

    2004-01-01

    As part of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) program to model soldier stress, health, and performance, stressors are analyzed across a variety of environments in terms of their impact on military personnel...

  7. Using Deliberate Practice to Train Military-Civilian Interagency Coordination

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Beaubien, Jeffrey M; Shadrick, Scott B; Paley, Michael J; Badugu, Sibyl; Ennis Jr., Charles W; Jacklin, Steve

    2006-01-01

    ...) to relieve suffering and help local authorities respond to crises. To be successful during SASOs, Army officers must effectively interact with their counterparts from other military, civilian, and non-profit organizations...

  8. Risk factors for severe outcomes among members of the United States military hospitalized with pneumonia and influenza, 2000-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Kerkhove, Maria D; Cooper, Michael J; Cost, Angelia A; Sanchez, Jose L; Riley, Steven

    2015-12-08

    The progression from hospitalization for a respiratory infection to requiring substantial supportive therapy is a key stage of the influenza severity pyramid. Respiratory infections are responsible for 300,000-400,000 medical encounters each year among US military personnel, some of which progress to severe acute respiratory infections. We obtained data on 11,086 hospitalizations for pneumonia and influenza (P&I) among non-recruit US military service members during the period of 1 January 2000 through 31 December 2012. From these, we identified 512 P&I hospitalizations that progressed to severe episodes using standard case definitions. We evaluated the effect of demographic and occupational characteristics, co-morbid conditions, and history of influenza vaccination on the risk of a hospitalized P&I case becoming a severe case. We also evaluated the risk of a severe outcome and the length of time since influenza vaccination (within 180, 60, and 30 days). The median age of subjects at the time of the P&I episode was 32 years (range, 28-40) and subjects were predominantly male (89.5%). In a univariate analysis, demographic risk factors for a severe episode included service in the US Air Force (RR=1.6 relative to US Army, 95%CI 1.3-2.1), US Coast Guard (RR=2.1, 1.2-3.7) or US Navy (RR=1.4, 1.1-1.8). Being born in the US and recent influenza vaccination (within 180 days of episode) were protective against developing severe disease. Among co-morbid conditions, univariate risk factors for severe disease included chronic renal or liver disease (RR=4.98, 95%CI 4.1-6.1), diseases of the circulatory system (RR=3.1, 95%CI 2.6-3.7), diabetes mellitus (RR=2.3, 95%CI 1.5-3.6), obesity (RR=1.6, 95%CI 1.2-2.1), cancer (RR=1.6, 95%CI 1.3-2.0), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (RR=1.4, 95%CI 1.1-1.7). Although many of the risk factors found to be significant in univariate analysis were no longer significant under a multivariate analysis, receipt of any influenza vaccine

  9. Home Station to Theater Employment Readiness for the United States Army Reserve and the Defense Distribution Process Owner

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    many cases they outsource the function to third party logistics ( 3PL ) providers. 3PL providers are harnessing technology that is available to always...provide the next best solution, so the 3PL can remain competitive. Following Desert Shield/Desert Storm, we increasingly find it is the military

  10. The association of state per capita income and military service deaths in the Vietnam and Iraq wars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maynard Charles

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the United States, social burdens including war casualties are often distributed unequally across groups of individuals, communities, and states. The purpose of this report was to examine the association between war deaths and per capita income in the 50 states and District of Columbia during the Vietnam and Iraq wars. Methods The numbers of deaths by the home state of record for each conflict were obtained from Department of Defense records on the Internet as were key variables including age at death, gender, race, branch of service, rank, circumstances of death, home state of record and the ratio of wounded to dead. In addition, we obtained state per capita income and state population for the relevant times. Results Characteristics of decedents in the 2 conflicts were very similar with young, white enlisted men accounting for the majority of deaths. However, in the Iraq war, women accounted for a 2.4% of casualties. Also of note was the higher ratio of wounded to dead in Iraq. At the level of the state, the correlation between the ratio of deaths per 100,000 and per capita income was -0.51 (p Conclusion For military service members serving in the Vietnam and Iraq conflicts, there were many more women who died in the latter war. Whether war deaths resulted in lower per capita income cannot be determined from these cross sectional data; we simply note a strong association between per capita income and war casualty rates for both wars.

  11. Vitamin D status in female military personnel during combat training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Andrew J

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for maintaining bone health. Recent data suggest that vitamin D and calcium supplementation might affect stress fracture incidence in military personnel. Although stress fracture is a health risk for military personnel during training, no study has investigated changes in vitamin D status in Soldiers during United States (US Army basic combat training (BCT. This longitudinal study aimed to determine the effects of BCT on 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OHD and parathyroid hormone (PTH levels in female Soldiers. Serum 25(OHD and PTH were assessed in 74 fasted Soldier volunteers before and after an 8-week BCT course conducted between August and October in Columbia, South Carolina. In the total study population, 25(OHD levels decreased (mean ± SD from 72.9 ± 30.0 to 63.3 ± 19.8 nmol/L (P P P P

  12. United States and German Military Cemeteries in Italy – Cultural Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urmson, Birgit

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The US and German military cemeteries in Italy differ greatly from one another in style and message. Art-historical methods such as stylistic analysis and iconographic interpretation along with historical research are used to explore the ideological character of each nation’s cemeteries. These, in turn, are used to illuminate aspects of the respective cultures at the time of their design and construction. The results reveal post World War II US society becoming more conformist and politically conservative and German society undergoing a redefinition of its values.

  13. Reflections on moral care when conducting qualitative research about suicide in the United States military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polanco, Marcela; Mancías, Saraí; LeFeber, Tirzah

    2017-09-01

    Critical suicidology (White, Marsh, Kral, & Morris, 2016 ) offers a critique of positivism as the mainstream rhetoric of scientific research. In this article, the authors add a critique to the moral detachment of scientific inquiry (Wilkinson & Kleinman, 2016 ) in suicidology. They provide a discussion at the intersection of theory and research when considering moral care of all stakeholders in the implementation of suicide research toward the development of more humanitarian policies and program alternatives. The authors reflect upon their experience of conducting an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (Finlay, 2011 ) on suicide in the U.S. military.

  14. How Do Chaplains in the United States Army Work to Assist in Stemming the Tide of Suicide Cases?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-11

    volume of suicide cases. Issues These are some of the issues at hand : 1. The level of suicide cases has passed the average for the national population...s Army: The Strenght of the Nation” (Brief to DTG on 8 June 2009). The above figure illustrates that there was a total of 32 cases of suicide...USACHPPM produce the hand card TA-095-0605 “Ask, Care and Escort” (ACE), and this is listed at Appendix B. This is touted as the A, B, C of suicide

  15. The American Military and the Far East, Proceedings of the Ninth Military History Symposium, United States Air Force Academy, 1-3 October 1980,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    revolution against Spain and then the Americans, but also participating in highly spiritual millennial movements or engaging in social banditry, com- mon...mission failed in its ultimate purpose because the goal was unachievable. The impulse was not Chinese.... China was a problem for which there was no...extended their perimeter into the surrounding countryside, trying not to overtax their meager numbers. Their object was to buy time until the Army

  16. Outbreak of staphylococcal food poisoning from a military unit lunch party - United States, July 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    On July 30, 2012, the emergency department at a military hospital was visited by 13 persons seeking care for gastrointestinal illness with onset 2-3 hours after a work lunch party. The hospital responded by opening up temporary evaluation and treatment capacity in primary-care clinics and a progressive-care unit and by diverting one patient to a local civilian hospital. An immediate outbreak investigation was conducted by local military public health personnel with assistance from CDC. Initial epidemiologic analysis implicated "perlo" (a chicken, sausage, and rice dish) and bacterial intoxication as the outbreak mechanism. This enabled public health personnel to 1) recommend no further consumption of perlo and 2) reassure appropriate authorities that no additional ill persons likely would be seeking care and advise that nothing more than supportive care of ill persons likely would be required. After interviewing party attendees, investigators found nine additional persons who met their case definition. Subsequent CDC laboratory analysis of a sample of perlo detected staphylococcal enterotoxin A, supporting the epidemiologic findings. Improper food handling and preparation measures were identified and addressed by the appropriate authorities, who provided additional detailed education on food preparation safety for the persons who prepared the meal.

  17. Army Medical Imaging System - ARMIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-08

    Melvin P. Siedband Frank C. Grenzow Craig A. Heilman James R. Gray Huilian Zhang A ... NTtS CFA?•I " U ; J C l A t j. University of Wisconsin _. I e...Medical Imaging System - ARMIS Contract # 6.AUTHOR(S) Melvin P. Siedband James R. Gray DAMDI7-88C-8058 Frank C. Grenzow Huilian Zhang 63807A Craig A...its use is inconsistent to the people who must manage it. The consistency of the Macin- tosh operating system permits easier staff training as imaging

  18. Proceedings: Special session on the rehabilitation of US Army Training Lands, Second Annual Conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration, held in Chicago, Illinois, April 29--May 3, 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hinchman, R.R.

    1993-05-01

    US Army lands are currently being degraded at a rate that often exceeds natural resource conservation goals. The US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories is developing and implementing the Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) program at several installations in the United States and Germany to reverse the rate of degradation and maintain realistic training habitat. The ITAM program includes environmental education/awareness tools, revegetation and erosion-control technologies, standardized land-monitoring methodologies, and computerized land-management decision-support systems that are integrated with military training mission requirements to provide a long-term, land-management program

  19. Building a Common State Army Forces in Post-War Bosnia-Herzegovina: Assessing its Peace-Building Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bedrudin Brljavac

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available When the war in Bosnia ended in December 1995 with the Dayton Agreement, the armed forces in the country were divided along the ethnic lines. However, in 2005 the country’s politicians agreed on defence reforms that led to merging former rival armed forces into a unified army of BiH as a condition for Bosnia to join NATO. Thus, today unified BiH army is making small but significant contributions towards security maintenance both at national and global level. In order to explain efforts of Bosnian politicians to bring the country into the Euro-Atlantic structures and send their troops into multi-national missions we have used the security community theory coined by Karl Deutsch. Thus, NATO-related reforms have strengthened security and peace-building attempts among the former warring ethnic groups. Also, the country's participation in multi-national peace missions abroad has been a crucial commitment to the world security and peace. Thus, today as a NATO aspirant Bosnia has practically become a country that exports security.

  20. The analysis of modern approaches to physical fitness testing of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glazunov Sergej Ivanovich

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of research is to determine modern approaches to the physical fitness testing of service personnel. In the army with modern military experience, marked by a tendency to view the content of tests to determine the level of physical fitness of military personnel. Observed differentiation of unified systems tests to determine the general physical and military training military application. Summary of tests determined the nature of loads and motions of the structure inherent in the military during combat operations.

  1. The United States Special Operations Command Civil Military Engagement Program - A Model for Military-Interagency Low Cost / Small Footprint Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-02

    enduring relationships that are not wedded to parochial norm.”11 Civil-Military Relations Joint Publication 1 defines interagency coordination as...dissemination of public press releases and ribbon cutting ceremonies , while placing Jordanian government at the forefront. The CMSE projects are tangible

  2. Army - Air Force Cooperation: Looking Backward to Move Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    the land battle.1 Today’s disagreements focus more on control of unmanned reconnaissance drones , providing air base defense and conducting counter... History demonstrates that ever-changing strategic environments require a military willing to transform and adapt.6 The Army, in its 2014 operating...cooperation between the Army and the Air Force. While the and Missions, by Richard I. Wolf (Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History , 1987), v. 5 Elwood

  3. Administration: Army Congressional Fellowship Program

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    This printing publishes a new Army Regulation. This regulation presents the policies and procedures under which the Army manages the Army Congressional Fellowship Program and supplements applicable Department...

  4. Socioeconomic Status and Performance in the US Army and US Marine Corps

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Booth, Stefan

    1998-01-01

    The purpose or this study was to examine socioeconomic status (SES) of recruits in the Army and Marine Corps and to analyze the relationship between a recruit's SES background and his or her performance in the military over time...

  5. CALS Baseline Architecture Analysis of Weapons System. Technical Information: Army, Draft. Volume 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    This effort was performed to provide a common framework for analysis and planning of CALS initiatives across the military services, leading eventually to the development of a common DoD-wide architecture for CALS. This study addresses Army technical ...

  6. Army medical imaging system: ARMIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siedband, M.P.; Kramp, D.C.

    1987-01-01

    Recent advances of stimulable phosphor screens, data cards using optical storage means, and new personal computers with image processing capability have made possible the design of economical filmless medical imaging systems. The addition of communication links means that remote interpretation of images is also possible. The Army Medical Imaging System uses stimulable phosphor screens, digital readout, a small computer, an optical digital data card device, and a DIN/PACS link. Up to 200 images can be stored in the computer hard disk for rapid recall and reading by the radiologist. The computer permits image processing, annotation, insertion of text, and control of the system. Each device contains an image storage RAM and communicates with the computer via the small computer systems interface. Data compression is used to reduce the required storage capacity and transmission times of the 1-mB images. The credit card-size optical data cards replace film and can store 12 or more images. The data cards can be read on an independent viewer. The research is supported by the U.S. Army Biomedical Research and Development Laboratory

  7. THE BAND OF ABDUL QAHHAR MUDZAKKAR: Biographical Sketch of Rebelious Leaders of Islamic State-Indonesian Islamic Army (DI/TII of Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hasbi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The rebellious movement of Islamic State-Indonesian Islamic Army (DI/TII began from dissa­tis­faction towards the secular state of newly indepen­dent Indonesia. Abd. Qahhar Mudzakkar, the leader of DI/TII in Sulawesi and his followers revolted against the govern­ment, and subsequently formed their own Islamic government. Since Qahhar graduated from Muhammadiyah school, his theological basis in his cause to establishing an Islamc state is very prevalent. He believed that his Islamic state is to uphold the truth and to defend the religion of Allah. Thus whoever opposed his DI/TII movement would be considered infidel simply because of favoring or supporting the Indonesian government they considered secular and communist. His followers and supporters were preachers and clerics, who helped Qahhar by carrying out specific functions and positions in his Islamic state. In addition, those people played an important role in getting recognition and acceptance of Sulawesi muslim society for Islamic state campaign launched by Abdul Qahhar Mudzak­kar. Without their involvement, DI/TII would never had been so popular among muslim community in Sulawesi.

  8. Diversity and distribution of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in a military area in the state of Amazonas, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Luís Henrique Monteiro; Albuquerque, Maria Ivonei Carvalho; Rocha, Liliane Coelho da; Pinheiro, Francimeire Gomes; Franco, Antonia Maria Ramos

    2013-08-01

    This study reports the distribution, ecotopes and fauna diversity of sandflies captured in five training bases on a military reserve in Manaus, state of Amazonas (AM). A total of 10,762 specimens were collected, which were distributed among 58 species, with the highest number recorded at Base Instruction 1 (BI1). A higher rate of species richness was found at the Base Instruction Boina Rajada and low levels of diversity associated with a high abundance index with the clear dominance of Lutzomyia umbratilis, Lutzomyia ruii and Lutzomyia anduzei were found at BI1. The abundance of Lu. umbratilis raises the possibility of outbreaks of American cutaneous leishmaniasis by the main vector of the disease in AM.

  9. Diversity and distribution of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae in a military area in the state of Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Henrique Monteiro Gomes

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the distribution, ecotopes and fauna diversity of sandflies captured in five training bases on a military reserve in Manaus, state of Amazonas (AM. A total of 10,762 specimens were collected, which were distributed among 58 species, with the highest number recorded at Base Instruction 1 (BI1. A higher rate of species richness was found at the Base Instruction Boina Rajada and low levels of diversity associated with a high abundance index with the clear dominance of Lutzomyia umbratilis, Lutzomyia ruii and Lutzomyia anduzei were found at BI1. The abundance of Lu. umbratilis raises the possibility of outbreaks of American cutaneous leishmaniasis by the main vector of the disease in AM.

  10. Prevalence, predictors and correlates of insomnia in US army soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingaman, Elizabeth A; Brownlow, Janeese A; Boland, Elaine M; Mosti, Caterina; Gehrman, Philip R

    2017-10-11

    The objective of this study was to investigate the rates, predictors and correlates of insomnia in a national sample of US Army soldiers. Data were gathered from the cross-sectional survey responses of the All-Army Study, of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members. Participants were a representative sample of 21 499 US Army soldiers who responded to the All-Army Study self-administered questionnaire between 2011 and 2013. Insomnia was defined by selected DSM-5 criteria using the Brief Insomnia Questionnaire. The results highlight significant functional difficulties associated with insomnia among US soldiers, as well as insights into predictors of insomnia specific to this population. Insomnia was present in 22.76% of the sample. Predictors of insomnia status in logistic regression included greater number of current mental health disorders, less perceived open lines of communication with leadership, less unit member support and less education. Insomnia had global, negative associations with health, social functioning, support, morale, work performance and Army career intentions. The results provide the strongest evidence to-date that insomnia is common in a military population, and is associated with a wide array of negative factors in the domains of health, military readiness and intentions to remain in military careers. © 2017 European Sleep Research Society.

  11. The U.S. Army in Asia, 2030-2040

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Asia , 2030–2040 The fifth element of the military strategy is deterrence and escala - tion. Although the balance of military power may be shifting against...1. REPORT DATE 2014 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The U.S. Army in Asia , 2030-2040 5a...Terrence K. Kelly, James Dobbins, David A. Shlapak, David C. Gompert, Eric Heginbotham, Peter Chalk, Lloyd Thrall The U.S. Army in Asia , 2030–2040 C O

  12. The Military and Society. Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (5th), United States Air Force Academy, 5-6 October 1972,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    34 ’- Speaking for many of his fellow Army officers,G..neral Henry H. Arnold put it more succinctly: "Negro pilots cannotbe used in our present Air Force...demonstrated, and Yarmolinsky approached the Secretary on the idea economic sanctio of forming a committee under Attorney Gerhard Gesell to survey the the duty...this group argued, was the need to protect Gesell Committ the physical well-being of the individual black soldier. In a decade when G963 d it civil

  13. Reachback in crisis management: lessons learned from the military domain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rypkema, J.A.; Brake, G.M. te; Lee, M. van der

    2006-01-01

    Military and crisis management organizations show many similarities. Within the military domain, a study is being done on the use of reachback concepts for the Royal Netherlands Army (RNLA) brigade staff. This paper shows that the results are applicable to the crisis management domain. However,

  14. The Deployment Life Study: Longitudinal Analysis of Military Families Across the Deployment Cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meadows, Sarah O; Tanielian, Terri; Karney, Benjamin; Schell, Terry; Griffin, Beth Ann; Jaycox, Lisa H; Friedman, Esther M; Trail, Thomas E; Beckman, Robin; Ramchand, Rajeev; Hengstebeck, Natalie; Troxel, Wendy M; Ayer, Lynsay; Vaughan, Christine Anne

    2017-01-01

    In 2009, RAND launched the Deployment Life Study, a longitudinal study of military families across a deployment cycle in order to assess family readiness. Family readiness refers to the state of being prepared to effectively navigate the challenges of daily living experienced in the unique context of military service. The study surveyed families at frequent intervals throughout a complete deployment cycle---before a service member deploys (sometimes months before), during the actual deployment, and after the service member returns (possibly a year or more after she or he redeployed). It assessed a number of outcomes over time, including: the quality of marital and parental relationshipsthe psychological, behavioral, and physical health of family memberschild and teen well-being (e.g., emotional, behavioral, social, and academic)military integration (e.g., attitudes toward military service, retention intentions).This culminating paper briefly reviews the study design and data collection procedures, presents results from analyses of the longitudinal data collected from some 2,700 military families, and offers recommendations for programs and future research related to military families. The research was jointly sponsored by the Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army, and by the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury.

  15. The Army Spouse: Perceptions of Educational Needs during Deployment and Nondeployment Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Alicia G.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and compare educational needs and goals during deployment and nondeployment of spouses of active-duty Army service members. The sample consisted of spouses of active-duty military service members from the Army brigades who had recently returned from a deployment or who were experiencing a deployment…

  16. Hunting The Ghost Gun: An Analysis Of The U.S. Army Infantry Rifle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    U.S. Government Printing Office. History of U.S. Army weapons. (n.d.). Retrieved 19 May 2015 from http://www.military.com/army- birthday /history-of...Assembly. (1999, June). Report of the group of experts on the problem of ammunition and explosives, Chapter II material addressed in the present report

  17. Effects of Climate Change and Urban Development on Army Training Capabilities: Firing Ranges and Maneuver Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    innovative solutions in civil and military engineering, geospatial sciences, water resources, and environmental sciences for the Army, the Department of...regions represent ecological provinces as defined by Bailey (1980) .................................................. 41 10 Predicted mean January...Harrop, Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA). The work was performed by the Ecological Processes Branch (CNN) of the Installations Division (CN

  18. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Try it free Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from ... Veterans Health Administration 2,027 views 25:30 Language: English Location: United States Restricted Mode: Off History ...

  19. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Try it free Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from ... Veterans Health Administration 2,027 views 25:30 Language: English Location: United States Restricted Mode: Off History ...

  20. Transforming Military Leaders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Weiss, Bartholomew W

    2006-01-01

    ... a catastrophic event in another part. Consequentially, the United States must transform its military instrument of power to defeat its enemies and show its alliance with friends to defeat this adverse aspect of globalization...

  1. Putting a Price on Strategy: Implementing a Prediction Market in a Modern Military Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Major, United States Army B.A., University of Nevada -Reno, 2000 John M. Wear Gunnery Sergeant, United States Marine Corps B.S., Joint Military...Quarterback for the NY Jets first regular season game? 9 14 1.56 Will “The Hunger Games” bring in more than $120 million in its opening weekend? 7 13...Who will start at Quarterback for the NY Jets first regular season game? - - - - - - - 5 9 2 300 $11,784.80 1 Will "The Hunger Games" bring in more

  2. Military Engagement with Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    take advantages of the many languages supported by these social media tools to communicate with brothers in different regions of the continent. On...needs to properly engage and develop a comprehensive social media strategy to utilize the available social networks and stay current with the ever...or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. MILITARY ENGAGEMENT WITH SOCIAL MEDIA BY

  3. Consequences of Making Weight: A Review of Eating Disorder Symptoms and Diagnoses in the United States Military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodell, Lindsay; Forney, Katherine Jean; Keel, Pamela; Gutierrez, Peter; Joiner, Thomas E

    2014-12-01

    Eating disorders are serious psychiatric illnesses associated with health problems. Such problems may compromise military performance, highlighting the need to establish the level of eating pathology that exists in military samples. This article qualitatively reviews prevalence estimates of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in military samples, providing nonmilitary estimates for context. Findings suggest that eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in cadets and active duty service members, especially when using self-report measures. The increased salience of weight in the military and increased exposure to trauma may influence risk for eating disorders. Alternatively, individuals at risk for eating disorders may self-select into the military. Overall, this review suggests that eating disorder symptoms are common in military samples and that further research is warranted.

  4. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  5. Military Responses to State-Sponsored Terrorism: Re-Thinking Deterrence and Coercion Theory

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bellon, Timothy

    1999-01-01

    ... or coercing states into ceasing their sponsorship. This thesis uses conventional deterrence and coercion theory, as well as comparative case studies to analyze the utility of deterrence and coercion against state-sponsored terrorism...

  6. Collaborative Research and Support of Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center Defense Women's Health Research Program Projects Assessment of Dietary Calcium Intake, Physical Activity and Habits Affecting Skeletal Health Among Premenopausal Military Women (Protocol #9)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McDermott, Michael

    1996-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study was to survey 1,000 active duty military premenopausal women in regards to skeletal health habits such as current levels of calcium intake, exercise, smoking, alcohol intake...

  7. Collaborative Research and Support of Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center DWH Research Program Projects. Assessment of Dietary Calcium Intake, Physical Activity and Habits Affecting Skeletal Health Among Premenopausal Military Women. Protocol 9

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hayes, Robert

    1995-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study is to survey 1,000 active duty military premenopausal women in regards to skeletal health habits such as current levels of calcium intake, exercise, smoking, alcohol intake...

  8. Use of Integrative Medicine in the United States Military Health System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathaleen Madsen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Integrative medicine (IM is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a “whole person” approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature “polytrauma triad” of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS. These modalities range from conventional nondrug, nonsurgical options such as cognitive-behavioral therapy to nonconventional options such as acupuncture, chiropractic, and mind-body techniques. These are of particular interest for their potential to relieve symptoms without relying on opiates, which impair performance and show high potential for abuse while often failing to provide full relief. This review describes the use of IM in the MHS, including definitions of the model, common therapies and potential for use, and controversy surrounding the practice. More research is needed to build a comprehensive usage analysis, which in turn will inform sound clinical and financial practice for the MHS and its beneficiaries.

  9. Use of Integrative Medicine in the United States Military Health System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Cathaleen; Vaughan, Megan; Koehlmoos, Tracey Pérez

    2017-01-01

    Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS). These modalities range from conventional nondrug, nonsurgical options such as cognitive-behavioral therapy to nonconventional options such as acupuncture, chiropractic, and mind-body techniques. These are of particular interest for their potential to relieve symptoms without relying on opiates, which impair performance and show high potential for abuse while often failing to provide full relief. This review describes the use of IM in the MHS, including definitions of the model, common therapies and potential for use, and controversy surrounding the practice. More research is needed to build a comprehensive usage analysis, which in turn will inform sound clinical and financial practice for the MHS and its beneficiaries.

  10. Managing military uranium and plutonium in the United States and the former Soviet Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bunn, M.; Holdren, J.P.

    1997-01-01

    Effective approaches to the management of plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU)--the essential ingredients of nuclear weapons--are fundamental to controlling nuclear proliferation and providing the basis for deep, transparent, and irreversible reductions in nuclear weapons stockpiles. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the ongoing dismantlement of tens of thousands of nuclear weapons are creating unprecedented stresses on the systems for managing these materials, as well as unprecedented opportunities for cooperation to improve these systems. In this article, the authors summarize the technical background to this situation, and the current and prospective security challenges posed by military stockpiles of these materials in the US and Russia. They then review the programs in place to address these challenges, the progress of these programs to date, and the work remaining to be done, in five areas: (a) preventing theft and smuggling of nuclear warheads and fissile materials; (b) building a regime of monitored reductions in nuclear warhead and fissile material stockpiles; (c) ending further production of excess fissile materials; (d) reducing stockpiles of excess fissile materials; and (e) avoiding economic collapse in the nuclear cities where substantial fractions of these materials and their guardians reside. 128 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs

  11. David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye and Bruce W. Menning, eds., Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution, Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center and Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Stone

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available David Schimmelpenninck and Bruce Menning have produced an excellent volume collecting contributions of a number of both well-established and junior scholars on the history and development of the tsarist military, grouped together around the general theme of reform. In some ways, it is comparable to Eric Lohr and Marshall Poe's complementary The Military and Society in Russia, 1450-1917 (Leiden, 2002. Schimmelpenninck and Menning's contributors, however, focus more on political and institutio...

  12. Development of a Measure of Family Adaptation to the Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    NAME OF FUNDING/SPONSORING r8b. OFFICE SYMBOL 9. PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER 3: GANZATIONU.b. Army R serch (If applicable...family strengths and family adaptation to the military. It provides data on how to develop programs and services that assist families in making...providers, and policy makers. Researchers can use the new measures to assess the strengths and adaptability of the military families in their

  13. The US Army Corps of Engineers Roadmap for Life-Cycle Building Information Modeling (BIM). Supplement 2 - BIM Implementation Guide for Military Construction (MILCON) Projects Using the Bentley Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    Building Information Modeling ( BIM ...12-2, Supplement 2 November 2012 The US Army Corps of Engineers Roadmap for Life-Cycle Building Information Modeling ( BIM ) Supplement 2 – BIM ...39180 ERDC SR-12-2, Supplement 2 (November 2012) ii Abstract Building Information Modeling ( BIM ) technology has rapidly gained ac-

  14. Overwhelming Force - A Persistent Concept in US Military Thinking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, Philip Christian

    In the second brief in the series Overwhelming Force – A Persistent Concept in US Military Thinking, Philip Chr. Ulrich analyzes how the US Army reacted to the defeat in the Vietnam War. The US Army wanted to avoid operations, which might lead to a long term engagement in stability operations......, as engagement in such operations were seen as the reason for the defeat in Vietnam. The US Army also chose to exclude stability operations and counterinsurgency from its doctrines and teachings. Instead, the US Army chose to focus on conventional war, supplemented by an increasing fascination with technology...

  15. Operational Army Reserve Implications for Organizational Health

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dahms, Jonathan A

    2007-01-01

    The Army Reserve has been in a constant state of mobilization since 1995 with the advent of the Bosnia crisis and the pace of mobilization increased exponentially after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001...

  16. A Pilotless Army in the Megalopolis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wegner, Robert

    2004-01-01

    This monograph answers the question, "Can unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) supplant manned United States Army attack and reconnaissance helicopters in the conduct of future urban operations" and the answer is, "not completely...

  17. Fabrication of advanced military radiation detector sensor and performance evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kang, Sin Yang

    2010-02-01

    Recently, our country is facing a continuous nuclear weapons threat. Therefore, we must have a high-level nuclear weapons protection system. The best protection against nuclear weapons is detecting their use to reduce casualties in our country to a minimum. That means, the development of a military radiation detector is a very important issue. The Korea army is using the 'PDR - 1K portable military radiation surveymeter' in NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical warfare) operations. The PDR - 1K military detector can measure beta and gamma rays only but it cannot detect alpha particles. Because of its characteristics, the Korea army has weaknesses in tactical operations. The PDR - 1K sensor is based on a GM - tube sensor system. For the mechanical structure, detectors utilizing a GM-tube sensor do not work on a high - radiation battlefield and they do not carry out nuclide analysis for fixed electron signal output. In the meantime, the United States of America and Germany are using 'AN/PDR - 77' and 'SVG - 2' that were made from scintillator sensors. They have excellent physical qualities and radiation responses for military use. Also, nuclide analysis is available. Therefore, in this study we fabricated a military - grade scintillator radiation sensor that is able to detect alpha, beta, and gamma - rays to overcome PDR - 1K's weaknesses. Also, physical characteristics and radiation response evaluation for the fabricated sensors was carried out. The alpha - particle sensor and beta - ray sensor were fabricated using a ZnS(Ag) powder state scintillator, and a Saint - Gobain organic plastic scintillator BC-408 panel, respectively. The gamma ray sensor was manufactured using a 10 x 10 x 10 mm 3 CsI(Tl) inorganic scintillator crystal. A detailed explanation follows. The alpha particle sensor was fabricated by using air - brushing method to Zns(Ag) powder scintillator spreading. The ZnS(Ag) layer thickness was 35 μm (detection efficiency: 41%). This alpha - particle sensor

  18. Tobacco Product Use Among Military Veterans - United States, 2010-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odani, Satomi; Agaku, Israel T; Graffunder, Corinne M; Tynan, Michael A; Armour, Brian S

    2018-01-12

    In 2015, an estimated 18.8 million U.S. adults were military veterans (1). Although the prevalence of tobacco-attributable conditions is high among veterans (2), there is a paucity of data on use of tobacco products, other than cigarettes, in this population. To monitor tobacco product use among veterans, CDC analyzed self-reported current (i.e., past 30-day) use of five tobacco product types (cigarettes, cigars [big cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars], roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco [chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus]) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Overall, 29.2% of veterans reported current use of any of the assessed tobacco products. Cigarettes were the most commonly used tobacco product (21.6%), followed by cigars (6.2%), smokeless tobacco (5.2%), roll-your-own tobacco (3.0%), and pipes (1.5%); 7.0% of veterans currently used two or more tobacco products. Within subgroups of veterans, current use of any of the assessed tobacco products was higher among persons aged 18-25 years (56.8%), Hispanics (34.0%), persons with less than a high school diploma (37.9%), those with annual family income <$20,000 (44.3%), living in poverty (53.7%), reporting serious psychological distress (48.2%), and with no health insurance (60.1%). By age and sex subgroups, use of any of the assessed tobacco products was significantly higher among all veteran groups than their nonveteran counterparts, except males aged ≥50 years. Expanding the reach of evidence-based tobacco control interventions among veterans could reduce tobacco use prevalence in this population.

  19. Military and Political Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey I. Podberyozkin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Military-political issues is an important area of research work at MGIMO. The difference in this direction from the classical international specialization is that it is at the intersection of several disciplines: military science, military-technical and military-industrial as well as International Relations. A specialist in military and political issues should not only be an expert in the field of international relations and diplomacy, but also have a deep knowledge of military-technical issues to understand the basic trends in the development of scientific and technological progress and its impact on the balance of forces in the world. Global changes in the balance of power and the nature of the conflict, the emergence of new types of weapons are changing the basic methods and approaches to the art of war, which requires a science-based perspective on problem solving and multi-disciplinary approach in achieving the goals. Military and political studies allow us to understand how the development of military technology and military organization of the state affected by the political situation in the world, the national security of the country and its place in the system of international relations. Military-political research has been developing at MGIMO for a few decades. It laid down the basis for a scientific school of political-military studies. Its founding fathers were such prominent scholars of international affairs, as I.G. Usachyov, A.D. Nikonov, A.G. Arbatov, V.G. Baranovsky, V.M. Kulagin, A.N. Nikitin and other well-known experts. Their work covers a wide range of military and political issues, including the topics of arms control and disarmament, international, and especially European security, military policy, NATO, the Western military-political doctrines and their practical application. Now the lead in the development of this research at MGIMO has taken Center for Military-Political Studies, which became a concentration of relevant

  20. 2012 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Army Civilian Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 23-05-2013 2. REPORT TYPE Technical Report 3. DATES COVERED...VDAS_ArmyPostureStatement/2011/information_p apers /PostedDocument.asp?id=210 United States Office of Personnel Management (2012). Federal employee viewpoint survey

  1. Mobile gaming for military : Two case studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, T.J.; Boer-Visschedijk, G. van de

    2017-01-01

    Mobile games have the interest of the Royal Netherlands Army (RNLA), as they provide unique opportunities to educate and train the military. Particularly the ubiquity and accessibility of mobile devices and the availability of location data distinguish mobile games from regular (serious) digital

  2. MILITARY LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT: THE FIVE POINT STAR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erasmus

    policies mention the importance of the character of a leader, but its approach to leadership development is to ..... mission as, “Through military training and education, to develop the qualities of leadership, character and ..... elite units of the SANDF, such as the SA Army Women's College in George. (Western Cape) stand ...

  3. Role of the Military, Unit III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Terry

    This unit on the role of the military in Wyoming history provides activities which focus on the system of forts which began in 1849, Indian conflicts, World War II, and the Army and Air National Guard. Student activities include illustrating various battles, locating major Wyoming forts on a map, field trips to F.E. Warren Air Force Base and Fort…

  4. Role Of The Army In Modern Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislav Viktorovich Vorobiev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the political development of the country in the modern period. Special attention is paid to the position of the army and its role in the Pakistani society. The article explores in detail the processes of gradual distancing of the army from politics and strengthening of civil society institutions. It is the first time in the Pakistani history that the civilian government managed to complete its full five-year constitutional term. Meanwhile, the country has been advancing on the path to democracy even after the elections 2013: a new civilian government has been formed in Pakistan. As compared with the previous phases of the country's development, the status of the army has considerably changed, evolved from "guiding force" to "shadow" guarantee of democratic development. The process has been largely encouraged by popular among officers feeling of tiredness: many of them are not ready to take power into their own hands and committed to their strictly constitutional duties. Despite this recent positive trend, the army continues to enjoy great authority in the society, often brokers political crisis and helps civilian authorities in settling such pressing problems as, for example, fight against extremism. The military will exert influence on government unless civil authorities are able to resist the current challenges and settle the actual problems. The role of "power broker" fully serves the interests of the top army brass.

  5. ROLE OF THE ARMY IN MODERN PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislav Viktorovich Vorobiev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the political development of the country in the modern period. Special attention is paid to the position of the army and its role in the Pakistani society. The article explores in detail the processes of gradual distancing of the army from politics and strengthening of civil society institutions. It is the first time in the Pakistani history that the civilian government managed to complete its full five-year constitutional term. Meanwhile, the country has been advancing on the path to democracy even after the elections 2013: a new civilian government has been formed in Pakistan. As compared with the previous phases of the country's development, the status of the army has considerably changed, evolved from "guiding force" to "shadow" guarantee of democratic development. The process has been largely encouraged by popular among officers feeling of tiredness: many of them are not ready to take power into their own hands and committed to their strictly constitutional duties. Despite this recent positive trend, the army continues to enjoy great authority in the society, often brokers political crisis and helps civilian authorities in settling such pressing problems as, for example, fight against extremism. The military will exert influence on government unless civil authorities are able to resist the current challenges and settle the actual problems. The role of "power broker" fully serves the interests of the top army brass.

  6. The Role of FORSCOM (United States Army Forces Command) in the Reception and Care of Refugees from Cuba in the Continental United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-11-01

    responsibilities of both the military and civilian agencies involved because of the pronounced anti-social behavior of a large number of the refugees in the... behavioral problems, while others were returned because they did not want to work for a living, or some sponsors changed their minds at the last minute. The...considered ’to have been successful due to the aggresive program devised by the Fort Indiantown 4ap Public Affairs Office. The command information element of

  7. Field procedures in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heeringa, Steven G; Gebler, Nancy; Colpe, Lisa J; Fullerton, Carol S; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald C; Naifeh, James A; Nock, Matthew K; Sampson, Nancy A; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M; Stein, Murray B; Ursano, Robert J

    2013-12-01

    The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multi-component epidemiological and neurobiological study of unprecedented size and complexity designed to generate actionable evidence-based recommendations to reduce US Army suicides and increase basic knowledge about determinants of suicidality by carrying out coordinated component studies. A number of major logistical challenges were faced in implementing these studies. The current report presents an overview of the approaches taken to meet these challenges, with a special focus on the field procedures used to implement the component studies. As detailed in the paper, these challenges were addressed at the onset of the initiative by establishing an Executive Committee, a Data Coordination Center (the Survey Research Center [SRC] at the University of Michigan), and study-specific design and analysis teams that worked with staff on instrumentation and field procedures. SRC staff, in turn, worked with the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Army (ODUSA) and local Army Points of Contact (POCs) to address logistical issues and facilitate data collection. These structures, coupled with careful fieldworker training, supervision, and piloting, contributed to the major Army STARRS data collection efforts having higher response rates than previous large-scale studies of comparable military samples. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Factors Associated With Medical School Entrants' Interest in Military Financial Assistance in Exchange for a Service Obligation: The Michigan State University College of Human Medicine Cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sienko, Dean G; Oberst, Kathleen

    2017-07-01

    The U.S. military offers comprehensive scholarships to medical students to help offset costs in exchange for either reserve or active duty service commitments. Our goal was to describe to what degree newly admitted students to Michigan State University's College of Human Medicine were aware of and interested in these opportunities. We surveyed 176 newly admitted students at the beginning and immediately following a presentation on military medicine opportunities. We collected anonymous paper surveys from program attendees and entered the data into Stata v13.1. The project was submitted for institutional review board review and deemed to not involve human subjects. Tests of association were performed using Chi-square test of independence and Fisher's exact test where needed. Our cohort was 49% female, 51% male, and over 90% were less than 30 years of age. Only 14% reported having family involved in the military. Our results indicated that over 90% of students were aware of these programs but less than 3% took advantage of the offerings. Despite 65% reporting somewhat or significant concerns over debt, financial concerns were not statistically associated with scholarship interest level. Instead, having a family member in the military was the most significant positive predictor of interest (47% compared with 17%, p benefits of military service aside from financial support. Career vignettes and summaries may offer better insight into the service experience for those lacking familiarity thereby potentially increasing interest and applications. Focus groups with current scholarship awardees may inform recruitment strategies. Reprint & Copyright © 2017 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  9. Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups Abroad: Implications for the United States Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ochmanek, David

    2003-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study is to help defense planners anticipate the types of demands that future operations against terrorists will place on the armed forces of the United States, particularly...

  10. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-21

    forces” fighting alongside Al Qaeda and the Taliban that it asserts are also targetable under the 2001 AUMF.6 The Obama Administration had stated... Taliban ,” as well as groups associated with these entities that are “co-belligerent ... in hostilities against the United States.” This authority would...has remained consistent, relying on the previous 2001 AUMF against those who perpetrated the September 11, 2001, terror attacks (and, to a lesser

  11. The Evolution of U.S. Army Doctrine: from Active Defense to Airland Battle and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-13

    Army with fighting 1 aud 1/2 wars, the budget only financed 1 war.1 0 2 In 1972, the U.S. Strike Command, which coordinated military intervention...Donald J. "In Search of the Unicorn : Military Innovation and the American Temperament." Air University Review (September 1986): 28-44. Matthews, Lloyd

  12. terrain analysis in the course curricula of the south african army

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a_lodi

    ensuring that terrain is utilised and employed to the benefit of the South African. Army.5 Military terrain analysis ... terrain to determine the manoeuvre potential, ways to reduce natural and enemy obstacles, and how they ... working relationship with the military intelligence staff and the engineer terrain warrant officer. For the ...

  13. Syphilis in the Russian army (in the 18 th and 20 th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zavyalov A.I.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the domestic medical literature, reflecting the incidence of syphilis in the Russian army and the Russian military civilians in times of conflict in the XVII — beginning of XX century. The methods of struggle with sexually transmitted diseases and their prevention in the military in wartime and peacetime are present.

  14. Defining the Information within Military Information Operations: Utilizing a Case Study of the Jammu and Kashmir Conflict

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bookard, Joe D

    2006-01-01

    The current operating environment requires the United States military to conduct military information operations throughout the conflict spectrum, during all phases, and across various military operations...

  15. Aspects of army road transport management | Japhet | Scientia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 10, No 4 (1980) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Aspects of army road transport ...

  16. Is the army literate? | Heitman | Scientia Militaria: South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 10, No 1 (1980) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Is the army literate?

  17. South African army ranks and insignia | Radburn | Scientia Militaria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 20, No 2 (1990) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. South African army ranks and ...

  18. British army commisions by purchase | Usher | Scientia Militaria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 8, No 4 (1978) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. British army commisions by ...

  19. The Marketability of Army Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-14

    capital ( Nussbaum , 1988).I I I I 1 19 I Governmental measures at the state level which foster job training include the California Employment Training I...Plight. Business Month, 133 (1) : 50-51. Nussbaum , B. 1988. Needed: Human Capital. Business Week, 3070: 100-103. Novack, J. 1991. Back to civy street...The second son of Howell J. and Martha Malham, he graduated from Memorial High School, Houston, I Texas, in May 1976 and entered the United States Army

  20. US army land condition-trend analysis (LCTA) program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diersing, Victor E.; Shaw, Robert B.; Tazik, David J.

    1992-05-01

    The US Army Land Condition-Trend Analysis (LCTA) program is a standardized method of data collection, analysis, and reporting designed to meet multiple goals and objectives. The method utilizes vascular plant inventories, permanent field plot data, and wildlife inventories. Vascular plant inventories are used for environmental documentation, training of personnel, species identification during LCTA implementation, and as a survey for state and federal endangered or threatened species. The permanent field plot data documents the vegetational, edaphic, topographic, and disturbance characteristics of the installation. Inventory plots are allocated in a stratified random fashion across the installation utilizing a geographic information system that integrates satellite imagery and soil survey information. Ground cover, canopy cover, woody plant density, slope length, slope gradient, soil information, and disturbance data are collected at each plot. Plot data are used to: (1) describe plant communities, (2) characterize wildlife and threatened and endangered species habitat, (3) document amount and kind of military and nonmilitary disturbance, (4) determine the impact of military training on vegetation and soil resources, (5) estimate soil erosion potential, (6) classify land as to the kind and amount of use it can support, (7) determine allowable use estimates for tracked vehicle training, (8) document concealment resources, (9) identify lands that require restoration and evaluate the effectiveness of restorative techniques, and (10) evaluate potential acquisition property. Wildlife inventories survey small and midsize mammals, birds, bats, amphibians, and reptiles. Data from these surveys can be used for environmental documentation, to identify state and federal endangered and threatened species, and to evaluate the impact of military activities on wildlife populations. Short- and long-term monitoring of permanent field plots is used to evaluate and adjust land

  1. [Cell engineering in nephrology: The current state and prospectives from the point of view of military medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bel'skih, A N; Golota, A S; Krassii, A B; Nagibovich, O A

    2015-09-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology from the point of view of military medicine. The review is based on publications from January 1, 2014, to June 1, 2015, and consists of two parts. In the first part the main directions of the cell engineering development are mentioned. The only two clinical trials existed in the field are discussed in more detail. The second part deals with prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology. It is shown that currently this field is in the stage of preclinical experimentation. Of the two known clinical trials the first has failed to demonstrate any effectiveness of cell engineering, the second--will be completed only at the end of 2016. Also, the review notes an extraordinary cost of cell engineering experiments in nephrology. The analysis of publications allows to come to a conclusion that the future progress in prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury could go not in the direction of cell engineering but rather non-cell technologies. One of. the practical consequence of such a conclusion is a necessity to continue the improvement of already existing methods of machine renal replacement therapy.

  2. Mission aware energy saving strategies for Army ground vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dattathreya, Macam S.

    Fuel energy is a basic necessity for this planet and the modern technology to perform many activities on earth. On the other hand, quadrupled automotive vehicle usage by the commercial industry and military has increased fuel consumption. Military readiness of Army ground vehicles is very important for a country to protect its people and resources. Fuel energy is a major requirement for Army ground vehicles. According to a report, a department of defense has spent nearly $13.6 billion on fuel and electricity to conduct ground missions. On the contrary, energy availability on this plant is slowly decreasing. Therefore, saving energy in Army ground vehicles is very important. Army ground vehicles are embedded with numerous electronic systems to conduct missions such as silent and normal stationary surveillance missions. Increasing electrical energy consumption of these systems is influencing higher fuel consumption of the vehicle. To save energy, the vehicles can use any of the existing techniques, but they require complex, expensive, and time consuming implementations. Therefore, cheaper and simpler approaches are required. In addition, the solutions have to save energy according to mission needs and also overcome size and weight constraints of the vehicle. Existing research in the current literature do not have any mission aware approaches to save energy. This dissertation research proposes mission aware online energy saving strategies for stationary Army ground vehicles to save energy as well as to meet the electrical needs of the vehicle during surveillance missions. The research also proposes theoretical models of surveillance missions, fuzzy logic models of engine and alternator efficiency data, and fuzzy logic algorithms. Based on these models, two energy saving strategies are proposed for silent and normal surveillance type of missions. During silent mission, the engine is on and batteries power the systems. During normal surveillance mission, the engine is

  3. Commentary on "The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)": Army STARRS: a Framingham-like study of psychological health risk factors in soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ressler, Kerry J; Schoomaker, Eric B

    2014-01-01

    Although historically the Army suicide rate has been significantly lower than the civilian rate, in 2004, the suicide and accidental death rates began trending upward. By 2008, the Army suicide rate had risen above the national average (20.2 per 100,000). In 2009, 160 active duty Soldiers took their lives, making suicide the third leading cause of death among the Army population. If accidental death, frequently the result of high-risk behavior, is included, then more Soldiers died by their own actions than in combat in 2009. The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) was thus created in 2009 to begin to address these problems. The Army STARRS project is a large consortium of seven different studies to develop data-driven methods for mitigating or preventing suicide behaviors and improving the overall mental health and behavioral functioning of Army Soldiers during and after their Army service. The first research articles from the Army STARRS project were published in late 2013 and early 2014. This work has already begun to outline important facets of risk in the military, and it is helping to drive an empirically derived approach to improvements in understanding mental disorders and risk behavior and to improve prevention and support of mental health and resilience. The Framingham Heart Study, started in the 1940s, marked a watershed event in utilizing large cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal collaborative research to identify and understand risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The Army STARRS project, through its collaborative, prospective, and robust innovative design and implementation, may provide the beginning of a similar scientific cohort in mental disorders. The work of this project will help understand biological and psychological aspects of military service, including those leading to suicide. When coupled with timely feedback to Army leadership, it permits near real-time steps to diagnose, mitigate, and

  4. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    and Afghanistan.247 According to Robert Gilpin in Robert Betts’ Conflict After the Cold War: Arguments and Causes of War and Peace, he states that an...3, 1998. Gilpin , Robert . “Hegemonic War and International Change.” In Conflict After the Cold War: Arguments on the Causes of War and Peace, edited...Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates, both proclaimed the importance of building HNSF capacity and the advisor mission as an enduring requirement. However

  5. Forgetting the Lessons of Vietnam: Army Force Structure Changes as a Result of Reduced Budgets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-16

    Army end strength peaked at 570,000.18 The Army proposes to return to an active end strength 5 similar to what it had prior to the Global War on...for the last 30 years at 350,000.20 During the Global War on Terror the Army Guard grew only slightly to a peak of 358,000.21 The Army plan...substance abuse, homelessness and other quality of life issues for veterans and military members currently receive broad support and legislative action

  6. Determining If the United States Military is Ready to Eliminate Its Pilots: Use of Combat Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fingal, Tod

    2001-01-01

    .... Increased costs associated with operating a viable Air Force combined with a growing aversion to human, combat losses have prompted military leaders to look for alternate means of conducting warfare...

  7. [Modern state and prospects of development of medical-and-psychological support of military servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusupov, V V; Ovchinnikov, B V; Korzunin, V A; Nagibovich, O A; Goncharenko, A Yu; Porozhnikov, P A

    2016-01-01

    The authors analysed state and prospects of medical-and-psychological support of military servicemen, which is supposed to consider as a complex of measures aimed at monitoring of professional psychological health, professional-and-psychological expertise, psychophysiological and pharmacological, correction, and medical-and-psychological rehabilitation. Organisation and maintaince of the above mentioned measures should be carried out by specialists of medical--and-psychological support groups and medical-and-psychological correction.

  8. Sleep Patterns of Young Men and Women Enrolled at the United States Military Academy: Results from Year 1 of a 4-Year Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    searchers hope will lead to bener sleep hygiene among cadets. The importance of instilling good sleep habits in cadets at USMA and providing them with... Sleep Patterns of Young Men and Women Enrolled at the United States Military Academy: Results from Year 1 of a 4-Year Longitudinal Study Nita leWIs... Sleep patterns of young adults Bre different from those of other age groups .. This study eKamined sleep patterns of cadets during their first year

  9. Foreign Military Sales: A Growing Concern. Departments of State and Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    th€ Budget and Accounting Act, 1921 (Jl U.S.C. 531, and the Accounting and Auditing Act of 1950 (31 u.s.c. 67). We are se:ding c-:> pies of the...See p. 27.) --Implications of providing lo1.stical sup- port for de ~ense articles sold to foreign countries. (Seep. 28.) --Recovery of full cost... tipoing the United States by 12 perc0nt~ In lY74 this margin was increased to L 50 percent. Soviet arms wore directed at a few ~ountries with Syria

  10. Baseline Marine Biological Survey ROI-NAMUR Outfall United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1997(NODC Accession 0000630)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Roi-Namur is located at the northernmost tip of Kwajalein Atoll, approximately 64 kilometers north of the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll(USAKA) central command post on...

  11. Baseline marine biological survey at Roi-Namur sewage outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1997 (NODC Accession 0000630)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Roi-Namur is located at the northernmost tip of Kwajalein Atoll, approximately 64 kilometers north of the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) central command post on...

  12. Marine biological survey of ROI-NAMUR outfall at the United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, May 2000 (NODC Accession 0000653)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Roi-Namur is located at the northernmost tip of Kwajalein Atoll, approximately 64 kilometers north of the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) central command post on...

  13. Electronics-X: A Study of Military Electronics with Particular Reference to Cost and Reliability. Volume 2: Complete Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-01-01

    Report Unsatisfactory Report United States Army United States Air Force United States Army, Alaska United States Army, Europe United States Army...radars were replaced by neophytes , the MTBF of the very same sample of radars under the very same operating conditions suddenly dropped ) to 3.8...information. Currently, LORAN D is one of the systems for radio navigation that is being considered for Air Force and Army use in Europe , for

  14. The United States Army in Europe, 1995 and Beyond: Determinants for a Dual-Based, Smaller Yet Substantive Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    now only one first- rate power, the United States, and that there is no prospect in the near future of any rival to that status emerging.1 8 Followers of...adverse consequences of possible instabilities arising from the realignment of Central and Eastern Europe. These instabilities include overpopulation ...the United States. This prompted immediate calls from Congressmen, who were about to suffer unemployment and other disruptions within their districts

  15. Defense Infrastructure: DOD Needs to Improve Oversight of Relocatable Facilities and Develop a Strategy for Managing Their Use across the Military Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Army Facilities Management ” (Feb. 12, 2008); and Army Memorandum, “Interim Policy Change on Relocatable Buildings for Paragraphs 6-13 through 6...17 in AR 420-1, Army Facilities Management ” (Feb. 19, 2008). Page 8 GAO-09-585 Defense Infrastructure uses funds from its Military

  16. The Nation and the Soldier in German Civil-Military Relations, 1800-1945

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brumley, Donald W

    2005-01-01

    This study of civil-military relations addresses the parallel development of the professional soldier and the Prussian-German Army from 1806 until 1945, as well as the rise of nationalism in central...

  17. Contractors on the Battlefield: Has the Military Accepted Too Much Risk?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Croft, Christopher

    2001-01-01

    Contracting for services is not new. Throughout the history of warfare, armies used the services of non-military personnel or civilians to accomplish logistical functions to maintain the force and support combat operations...

  18. Sleep patterns of young men and women enrolled at the United States Military Academy: results from year 1 of a 4-year longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Nita Lewis; Shattuck, Lawrence G

    2005-07-01

    Sleep patterns of young adults are different from those of other age groups.. This study examined sleep patterns of cadets during their first year at the United States Military Academy. This paper presents initial results of a 4-year longitudinal investigation into sleep patterns of college-age men and women. Data were collected at the United States Military Academy, a 4-year undergraduate institution that develops men and women in 4 areas: intellectual, physical, military, and moral-ethical. Survey data were obtained from all members of the Class of 2007 (N approximately 1300), who ranged in age from 17 to 22 years. A stratified sample (n = 80) was selected to wear wrist-activity monitors. An additional 40 members of the junior and senior classes participated in the summer portion of the study. Sleep patterns prior to entering the United States Military Academy were compared with patterns during cadet basic training and fall and spring semesters. Actigraphy data were recorded on a sample of the class (n = 80) for 50 days during cadet basic training and 30 days during fall and spring semesters. During cadet basic training, incoming cadets received 5 hours 40 minutes of sleep per night. During fall 2003 semester, these same cadets received 4 hours 50 minutes of sleep on school nights and 6 hours 32 minutes on weekends. Sleep received during spring 2004 semester was similar, with 5 hours 06 minutes on school nights and 6 hours 29 minutes on weekends. This first year of baseline data collection describes cadet sleep patterns and sets the stage to assess the effectiveness of follow-on interventions.

  19. States of Terror: Understanding Evolving Islamist Terrorist Organizations and the Threat They Pose

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    the infidels of the world will take place in Northern Syria near a town called Dabiq. Supporters of the Islamic State have taken strides to bring...the Eastern Roman Empire.34 Another theory maintains that any infidel army, including U.S. armed forces, could be Rome.35 The Islamic State uses...In order to generate support, meet political and military aims, and finance its operations, JFS has been known to stage

  20. Virtual Reality: State of Military Research and Applications in Member Countries (La realite virutelle: L’etat actuel des travaux de recherche et des applications militaires dans les pays membres de l’Alliance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-02-01

    virtual showroom of products. In this showroom the products (cars, busses, airplanes, trams) can be presented to a potential customer in a realistic...SEINE CEDEX, FRANCE RTO TECHNICAL REPORT 18 Virtual Reality: State of Military Research and Applications in Member Countries (La réalité virtuelle...ANCELLE, F-92201 NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE CEDEX, FRANCE RTO TECHNICAL REPORT 18 Virtual Reality: State of Military Research and Applications in Member Countries

  1. "You're Always First a Girl": Emerging Adult Women, Gender, and Sexuality in the Israeli Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Dana S.

    2011-01-01

    The Israeli army drafts both men and women, and most Israelis complete their military service during their emerging adulthood years. This study examined Israeli women's experiences as soldiers in the army. Twenty-three women (18 emerging adults, 5 young adults) were recruited using purposive sampling and interviewed about how they experienced…

  2. Birth of the American Force Projection Army: The Impact of Political, Military, and National Culture and Strategic Position on US Efforts to Incorporate a Prussian-Style General Staff System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-16

    to Adjutant General Henry C. Corbin . Initially, McKinley relieved neither Alger nor Miles (Alger would eventually be relieved by McKinley and Miles...prestige or importance. To the contrary, first 28 General Henry Halleck and then General Ulysses Grant, both West Point graduates, succeeded...had spawned wars in Europe for centuries. 1Lt Col Marvin A. Kreidberg and 1st Lt Merton G. Henry , History of Military Mobilization in the United

  3. Military Strategy vs. Military Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfoed, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    The article argues that while doctrine represents the more scientific side of warfare, strategy represents the artistic side. Existing doctrine will almost never meet the requirements for winning the next war; it is through the artistic application of generic peacetime doctrine to the specific st...... strategic and operational context, using doctrine as building blocks for a context specific military strategy, that the military commander outwits and defeats or coerces the adversary and achieves the military objectives....

  4. Unleashed Potential: The Potential of Civil Military Support Elements in Theater Security Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    the Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART ...MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate: Major Clayton D. Curtis Thesis Title: Unleashed Potential: The Potential of Civil...Thanks to my fellow Paraguayan Army Officers, COL Jorge Mieres, COL Pablo Halaburda, and LTC Marcial Rivas for providing me important information on

  5. Army Maintenance System Transformation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gilbertson, Frank V

    2006-01-01

    .... Used in conjunction with pertinent historical data and developed with Army transformation goals in mind, General Systems thinking can provide the framework for guiding maintenance transformation...

  6. Edgar Allan Poe: The Army Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, J. Thomas

    This issue of the United States Military Academy Library Bulletin reviews the reported facts of Poe's biography from his enlistment at the age of 15 to the termination of his military sojourn. The 1831 and the 1966 Corps of Cadets' subscriptions for Poe's "Poems" are also discussed, and a long-term inaccuracy regarding the poet's West…

  7. Creation of the Driver Fixed Heel Point (FHP) CAD Accommodation Model for Military Ground Vehicle Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-04

    DRIVER FIXED HEEL POINT (FHP) CAD ACCOMMODATION MODEL FOR MILITARY GROUND VEHICLE DESIGN Frank J. Huston II Gale L. Zielinski US Army, Tank ...Registration No. -Technical Report- U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center Detroit Arsenal Warren, Michigan 48397...Institute, Ann Arbor, MI UNCLASSIFIED: Distribution Statement A Approved for Public Release Creation of the Driver Fixed Heel Point (FHP) CAD

  8. Military Representation: The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Population Representation in the American Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-01

    It can be seen chat the middle- income "squeeze" occurs for each Service. The "squeeze" is slightly tighter in the Army. The Army also has noticeably...word pedo , a foot soldier. The "lowly life" of a G.I. is an old story, and a story which is now being retold and reapplied to the volunteer military

  9. A Summary of Source Data in Military Psychiatric Epidemiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-12-01

    AD-A02 1 265 A SUMMARY OF SOURCE DATA IN MILITARY PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY Willia m E. Datel Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Washington...Psychiatry Division of Neuropsychiatry Walter Reed AI"’IY Institute of Research l Washington, D. C. 20012...through the first six months of 1973. The United Stater ? Army active duty population rnc^ivss the greatest emphasis in the material presented

  10. Educating Captains For War: Deliberately Designing Professional Military Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    operating environments? By providing historical context on the development of Professional Military Education ( PME ) for captains and examining the process...improved the quality and efficacy of captains’ PME in preparing them to meet the demands of complex operating environments. 15. SUBJECT TERMS SALT...CCC; PME ; Common Core; ALCC; Design; ADRP 5-0; Education; Mid-Grade Learning Continuum 2015; Army Learning Model 2015, Army Learning Concept 2015 16

  11. Execution of the highest power in military sphere by the dictators of Early

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dementieva, Vera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Roman dictators regularily (invested with power by the Roman state in the 5th – 3rd bce с. in the situations of serious military treats to the Republic had to accomplish three legally regulated public acts. They closed the courts, declare, if necessary, a levy in mass (if the warriors already called up for military service by ordinary magistrates were not numerous enough for starting a campaign, and personally supervised recruitment and training of the troops. Their orders were published in the form of an edictum which, most probably, contained all these regulations. Regardless of the purpose of its declaration, the dictatorship transferred the civil life of the city in the state of militiae. The newly formed army swore fidelity (called sacramentum to the commander and – from the time of the Second Punic war – made a formal declaration of loyalty, ius iurandum. Contrary to a widespread scholarly opinion the author argues that it is the applicable legal rules, rather then the sphere of their applicability that distinguishes the imperium of an ordinary magistrate from this of an extraordinary one. Therefore, talking (not quite correctly about “military imperium” of an extraordinary magistrate, the historians of Roman law are in reality dealing with an application of his imperium in military sphere.

  12. Prepare the Army for War. A Historical Overview of the Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1973 - 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Italy and the United States. Upon approval by the U.S. Army Chief of Staff, planning began immediately, and the first discussions were held in Rome in...4-11. Romjue, John L. The Army of Excellence: The Development of the 1980s Army. TRADOC Historical Monograph Series. Office of the Command Historia ...45, 46, 76, 80bilateral exchange with, 88, 89 Poland, 115, 118, 120, 121 Rome , Italy, 86 Post-conflict operations, 142, 146 Roundout brigades, 128

  13. Psychological Safety During Military Integrations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wermser, Frederik; Täuber, Susanne; Essens, Peter; Molleman, Henricus; Beeres, Robert; Bakx, Gwendolyn; de Waard, Erik; Rietjens, Sebastiaan

    Increased military cooperation between member states of the European Union is a political given. The Netherlands and Germany form a spearhead in this process by integrating entire military units (i.e., brigades, battalions, companies) into higher-order units of the respective other nation (i.e.,

  14. The Death of Military Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Military Court of Appeals ruled in United States v. Beeker that “the use or possession of marihuana was service connected because the use or...possession . . . of marihuana and narcotics has a special military significance since their use has ‘disastrous effects on the health, morale and fitness

  15. Body composition and military performance--many things to many people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedl, Karl E

    2012-07-01

    Soldiers are expected to maintain the highest possible level of physical readiness because they must be ready to mobilize and perform their duties anywhere in the world at any time. The objective of Army body composition standards is to motivate physical training and good nutrition habits to ensure a high state of readiness. Establishment of enforceable and rational standards to support this objective has been challenging even at extremes of body size. Morbidly obese individuals are clearly not suited to military service, but very large muscular individuals may be superbly qualified for soldier performance demands. For this reason, large individuals are measured for body fat using a waist circumference-based equation (female soldiers are also measured for hip circumference). The main challenge comes in setting appropriate fat standards to support the full range of Army requirements. Military appearance ideals dictate the most stringent body fat standards, whereas health risk thresholds anchor the most liberal standards, and physical performance associations fall on a spectrum between these 2 poles. Standards should not exclude or penalize specialized performance capabilities such as endurance running or power lifting across a spectrum of body sizes and fat. The full integration of women into the military further complicates the issue because of sexually dimorphic characteristics that make gender-appropriate standards essential and where inappropriately stringent standards can compromise both health and performance of this segment of the force. Other associations with body composition such as stress effects on intraabdominal fat distribution patterns and metabolic implications of a fat reserve for survival in extreme environments are also relevant considerations. This is a review of the science that underpins the U.S. Army body composition standards.

  16. USAWC (United States Army War College) Military Studies Program. The Russio-Finnish War, 1939-1940. A Study in Leadership, Training, and Esprit-de- Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-15

    kelnojen valimeuue tnUalaa klyttlnlj byvikl psykolo. g1.1., amo.1ooglela, antropologiula js alts tistee~U met- Tolson amelaanodea alkune iasoun Salk @=n...voimassa aina vuoteen 1929 saakka, jona vuonna RPr:sta ei ollut joukkoja kes~leirilla. Ainoan poikkeuksen jarjestelyyn teki vuosi 1925, jolloin 1. ja

  17. Proceedings of the 1980 Army Science Conference, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, 17-20 June 1980. Volume 2. Principal Authors E through M.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-21

    importance in the light of recent work reported by IBM (13) on high atomic-numbered (Z) acrylic polymer resist compositions. IBM has studied Thallium (Z = 81...displacement transducer to measure the ram displacement. The temperatures of the incoming billet (after cabbaging and piercing) and of the product

  18. A Model Midshipman: Factors Related to Academic and Military Success of Prior Enlisted Midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wyrick, Jared

    2005-01-01

    ... to be successful at the Naval Academy. Linear and Bi-Linear regression models are used to analyze the influence of prior-enlisted experience on academic and military performance at the Naval Academy on the classes from 1999 through 2004...

  19. US MILITARY OVERSEAS BASES- HOW THEY BEGAN AND THE ENDURING NEED FOR FORWARD BASED UNITED STATES TROOPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    Cold War dramatically altered the global landscape bringing about a significant reduction of US forces, and change, in the military posture. The...territories.6 It wasn’t until after the US victory in the 1898 Spanish -American War and governance over regions in the Far East and the Caribbean, when

  20. Land rover military one-tonne

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, James

    2015-01-01

    A fully illustrated history of the Land Rover 101 One-Tonne - the forward-control military vehicle developed as a gun tractor for the British Army, in production from 1975-1978. This essential guide to these small yet powerful 4 x 4 vehicles covers: production histories; design and prototypes; specification guides; the 101 in British military service between 1975 and 1998; the 101 variants - ambulances, Rapier tractors, hard-bodied versions for electronic warfare and special field conversions; sales to overseas military authorities and, finally, advice on buying and owning a 101 today. Of great interest to Land Rover and military vehicle enthusiasts, historians and owners' clubs and illustrated with 207 original colour photographs.

  1. [The military odyssey of Norman Bethune].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, C A

    2000-04-01

    While visiting the People's Republic of China in 1982, I became aware of the work of the Canadian, Norman Bethune, as a military surgeon. Bethune first served as a stretcher - bearer in an ambulance unit and later as a medical officer with the Allies during the First World War. He also participated in the Spanish Civil War as a military physician. He died in China while serving with Mao Tsetung's Eighth Route Army, fighting the Japanese invaders in Yen'an. Bethune pioneered the use of whole blood transfusions in combat areas, first in Spain and then in China. In the annals of Chinese military history, he has been given an honored place as a military surgeon and a martyr. He is also credited in China, with improving the practice of battlefield medicine, as an organizer, teacher and innovator. Bethune's fame in China is now spreading to Canada.

  2. The United States Army Logistics Center Historical Summary. (RCS-HIS-6 (R2)). 1 October 1976 to 30 September 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-10

    Stephen A. Wilson, the former wife of the aAist, Orland Campbell, the portrait was hung in the Center’s main lobby. 30 On 12 September 1977, the Society...USA Materiel Development and Readiness Command (DARCOM): 16 Dec 77 Honorable Walter B. LaBerge , Under Secretary of the Army: 1978 Members of the... LaBerge , Undersecretary of the Army, was the main recipient. The briefing attempted to answer the question, "Why does a US division have more personnel in

  3. Military Observers 1815-1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-16

    where he made reconnaissance of the Amazonas and upper Madeira River Regions; As a Colonel, in Venezuela as military attache from 1942 to 1943; At...absence in Europe I examining means for protecting Delta Rivers from inundation in I 1853-54. Brigadier General and Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army...of Delta Rivers from Jul, : to November .9, D7: n Isave of absencm in Europe from June 17. 1S77 to jL’n5Z 1--33 -olanei on April 7, 19E8. 1704 William

  4. Distance Education: A University's Pioneering Master of Social Work Program Partnership with the U.S. Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Terri Moore; Freeman, Dexter

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the relevance of an army-university partnership in view of the cultures of both public higher education and the military graduate education system. The article also outlines the planning model used to navigate through the various issues that should be considered when a university partners with a federal or military agency to…

  5. U.S. Army Physical Demands Study: Development of the Occupational Physical Assessment Test for Combat Arms soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulis, Stephen A; Sharp, Marilyn A; Redmond, Jan E; Frykman, Peter N; Warr, Bradley J; Gebhardt, Deborah L; Baker, Todd A; Canino, Maria C; Zambraski, Edward J

    2017-11-01

    The United States Army sought to create a legally defensible, scientifically validated physical pre-employment screening test. The purpose of this study was to identify a single combination of predictor tests that would predict physical performance on all of the criterion measure task simulations relevant to the Combat Arms military occupational specialties. Concurrent validation. Data from 838 (608 males, 230 females) soldiers who completed both the criterion measure task simulations of a military occupational specialty and up to 14 predictor tests were used in the development of the test batteries. Stepwise regressions were used to identify test batteries that significantly predicted performance on the criterion measure task simulations of the military occupational specialties. Three test batteries were developed based on different subsets of the predictor tests: Test Battery 1 consisted of the medicine ball put, squat lift, beep test, standing long jump, and arm ergometer (adjusted R 2 =0.80-0.85, pTest Battery 2 consisted of the medicine ball put, squat lift, beep test, and standing long jump (adjusted R 2 =0.79-0.80, pTest Battery 3 consisted of the standing long jump, 1-minute push-ups, 1-minute sit-ups, 300m sprint, and Illinois agility test (adjusted R 2 =0.55-0.71, pTest Battery 2 was selected as the Army's Occupational Physical Assessment Test. It was highly predictive of performance of the Combat Arms military occupational specialties, required no complex equipment, and covered a range of physical fitness domains. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. Social Security, Cash Payments and Awards to Servicemen of the Red Army Air Force in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander P. Abramov

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the historical and sociological material presented materials about the Soviet state measures during the Great Patriotic War for the implementation of social policy in respect of the military air force of the Red Army, expressed in monetary incentives, rewards and social guarantees. The author notes that the implementation of social management practices at each stage of warfare timely adjustments depending on acquired combat experience and the strategic objectives of war. Existing wartime monetary awards system and social guarantees in respect of the personnel of the Red Army Air Force was not a major, but significant moral incentive for both pilots, as for representatives of other arms and services.

  7. Evaluating Mobile Device Ownership and Usage in the U.S. Army: Implications for Army Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Mercado University of Central Florida Randall D. Spain U.S. Army Research Institute July 2014 United States Army...NUMBER 633007 6. AUTHOR(S) Joseph E. Mercado ; Randall D. Spain 5c. PROJECT NUMBER A792 5d. TASK NUMBER 5e...13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Subject Matter POC and Subject Matter Expert: Joseph E. Mercado 14. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words): As the U.S

  8. How will military/civilian coordination work for reception of mass casualties from overseas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenzie, Colin; Donohue, John; Wasylina, Philip; Cullum, Woodrow; Hu, Peter; Lam, David M

    2009-01-01

    In Maryland, there have been no military/civilian training exercises of the Medical Mutual Aid Agreement for >20 years. The aims of this paper are to describe the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS), to coordinate military and civilian medical mutual aid in response to arrival of overseas mass casualties, and to evaluate the mass-casualty reception and bed "surge" capacity of Maryland NDMS Hospitals. Three tabletop exercises and a functional exercise were performed using a simulated, overseas, military mass-casualty event. The first tabletop exercise was with military and civilian NMDS partners. The second tested the revised NDMS activation plan. The third exercised the Authorities of State Emergency Medical System and Walter Reed Army Medical Center Directors of Emergency Medicine over Maryland NDMS hospitals, and their Medical Mutual Aid Agreement. The functional exercise used Homeland Security Exercise Evaluation Program tools to evaluate reception, triage, staging, and transportation of 160 notional patients (including 20 live, moulaged "patients") and one canine. The first tabletop exercise identified deficiencies in operational protocols for military/civilian mass-casualty reception, triage, treatment, and problems with sharing a Unified Command. The second found improvements in the revised NDMS activation plan. The third informed expectations for NDMS hospitals. In the functional exercise, all notional patients were received, triaged, dispatched, and accounted in military and five civilian hospitals within two hours. The canine revealed deficiencies in companion/military animal reception, holding, treatment, and evacuation. Three working groups were suggested: (1) to ensure 100% compliance with triage tags, patient accountability, and return of equipment used in mass casualty events and exercises; (2) to investigate making information technology and imaging networks available for Emergency Operation Centers and Incident Command; and (3) to establish NDMS

  9. Military Vortices

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lovell, D

    2003-01-01

    .... This topic area will not be considered further in this paper, but results from current research indicate that military organizations should derive large potential benefits from this technology when it reaches maturity...

  10. The constraints on the soft power efforts of authoritarian states. The case of the 2015 military parade in Beijing – strengthening patriotic pride, soft power and strategic deterrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Camilla T. N.

    2017-01-01

    Is it possible for authoritarian states such as China, Russia and Iran to combine the soft power narratives directed primarily towards an international audience with the narratives directed primarily towards a domestic audience and aimed at maintaining regime security? To investigate this question...... further, this article analyses the 2015 military parade in Beijing and uses this case to highlight and discuss the constraints on the Chinese leaders’ efforts to project soft power. The key finding is that soft power will continue to be the weak link in China’s pursuit for a great power position...

  11. Army Sustainment. Volume 41, Issue 5, September-October 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    indeed end and that the United States would emerge from it as the only superpower on the planet . And yet the peace dividend at the end of the Cold War...Army 21 and its sup- porting vision, Log 21, presented design-of-the-future prospects, with the Army beginning to invest heav - ily in these

  12. The identity, legal status and origin of the Roman army's medical staff in the imperial age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bader, Pascal

    2014-01-01

    More than a hundred epigraphic documents on different writing materials refer to medical staff in the Roman army. This paper focuses on the identity, legal status and origin of the Roman army medical staff--a topic which until now has hardly been studied. Various titles were conferred to a large number of medical staff in every unit of the Roman army; the doctors (medici) were the most numerous and had different ranks and status. The onomastic study of the inscriptions reveals a large proportion of Roman citizens in the military medical service. Most of them are ingenui with a Latin name, but freedmen with a Greek origin are frequently attested, though less so than among civilian doctors. These results dispel some misconceptions such as the Greek origin of most military doctors, which can be explained by the legal requirements of the recruitment into the Roman army.

  13. Resistance to Organizational Cultural Change in the Military -- A JFO Case Study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kelly, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    .... While military leaders are well educated about leadership principles, they should be given more education in cultural climate and cultural dynamics. This project will use the joint Army/Air Force Joint Fires Observer (JFO) initiative to explore the need for mastering change leadership in the military.

  14. The presentation of depression in the British Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnegan, Alan; Finnegan, Sara; Thomas, Mike; Deahl, Martin; Simpson, Robin G; Ashford, Robert

    2014-01-01

    The British Army is predominately composed of young men, often from disadvantaged backgrounds, in which Depression is a common mental health disorder. To construct a predictive model detailing the presentation of depression in the army that could be utilised as an educational and clinical guideline for Army clinical personnel. Utilising a Constructivist Grounded Theory, phase 1 consisted of 19 interviews with experienced Army mental health clinicians. Phase 2 was a validation exercise conducted with 3 general practitioners. Depression in the Army correlates poorly with civilian definitions, and has a unique interpretation. Young soldiers presented with symptoms not in the International Classification of Disorders and older soldiers who feared being medically downgraded, sought help outside the Army Medical Services. Women found it easier to seek support, but many were inappropriately labelled as depressed. Implications include a need to address the poor understanding of military stressors; their relationships to depressive symptoms and raise higher awareness of gender imbalances with regard to access and treatment. The results have international implications for other Armed forces, and those employed in Young Men's Mental Health. The results are presented as a simple predictive model and aide memoire that can be utilised as an educational and clinical guideline. There is scope to adapt this model to international civilian healthcare practice. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Nostalgia in the Army (17th-19th Centuries).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battesti, Michèle

    2016-01-01

    People died from nostalgia in the army in the 17th-19th centuries. The term 'nostalgia', created by the doctor Johannes Hofer (1669-1752), from Mulhouse, came from the Germanic Heimweh, or 'homesickness'. It affected the young people enrolled in the army, such as Swiss mercenaries. Longing for their native land, they were consumed by an ongoing desire to return home. If it was impossible to do so, they sank into 'a sadness accompanied with insomnia, anorexia and other unpleasant symptoms' that could lead to death. Nostalgia became classified as a disease during the last quarter of the 18th century and ravaged the French army during the Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. However, as soon as the wars ended, it ceased to exist in the army (except the colonial army). It was removed from the nosology in the first half of the 19th century. Rapidly explained as an example of a misdiagnosis or a confusion between 'connection and cause', nostalgia needs to be assessed in regard to the medical debate between 'alienists' and 'organicists'. Creating much concern, nostalgia needs to be considered in the historical context of a society destabilized by modernity, with some individuals uprooted by the sudden transition from civil society to military life. It raises questions about the role that the army played in the creation of the French national union. Nostalgia may have also covered psychic traumatisms later designated as combat fatigue, war neurosis, or post-traumatic stress disorder. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Military wheeled vehicles

    CERN Document Server

    Hansen, Grace

    2016-01-01

    Wheeled vehicles are used in militaries around the world every single day. Readers will learn that wheeled vehicles in the military are not just for getting from place-to-place, but can also act as necessary protection for soldiers travelling through dangerous areas. Big full-bleed photographs, new glossary terms, and a close up look at a vehicle will keep readers wanting more! Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Abdo Kids Jumbo is an imprint of Abdo Kids, a division of ABDO.

  17. Creativity and Strategic Vision: The Key to the Army’s Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-21

    future strategic leadership . 22 ENDNOTES 1. U.S. Army War College, Army Command. Leadership , and Management : Theory and Practice ([Carlisle Barracks...referring to a strategic leader, the Army War College reference text on command, leadership and management quoted earlier states. "he develops and...strategic leadership , are still applicable. He suggests that the Army should identify and track creative Individuals at the accession point, managing

  18. Is Tube Artillery a Viable Fire Support Platform for the United States Military on the Battlefields of the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    assigned to the FBI Houston Division where he investigated White Collar Crime matters. In 1999, SA Harris was transferred to the Los Angeles Division...Investigation Division, Drug Unit. In 2012, SSA Harris was promoted and detailed to the Department of Justice’s Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task...the U.S. Military used tube artillery has caused some to question its viability as a primary fire support platform for ground combat forces in the

  19. Incidence of Norovirus-Associated Medical Encounters among Active Duty United States Military Personnel and Their Dependents.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Rha

    Full Text Available Norovirus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis episodes and outbreaks in US military deployments, but estimates of endemic disease burden among military personnel in garrison are lacking.Diagnostic codes from gastroenteritis-associated medical encounters of active duty military personnel and their beneficiaries from July 1998-June 2011 were obtained from the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center. Using time-series regression models, cause-unspecified encounters were modeled as a function of encounters for specific enteropathogens. Model residuals (representing unexplained encounters were used to estimate norovirus-attributable medical encounters. Incidence rates were calculated using population data for both active duty and beneficiary populations.The estimated annual mean rate of norovirus-associated medically-attended visits among active duty personnel and their beneficiaries was 292 (95% CI: 258 to 326 and 93 (95% CI: 80 to 105 encounters per 10,000 persons, respectively. Rates were highest among beneficiaries <5 years of age with a median annual rate of 435 (range: 318 to 646 encounters per 10,000 children. Norovirus was estimated to cause 31% and 27% of all-cause gastroenteritis encounters in the active duty and beneficiary populations, respectively, with over 60% occurring between November and April. There was no evidence of any lag effect where norovirus disease occurred in one population before the other, or in one beneficiary age group before the others.Norovirus is a major cause of medically-attended gastroenteritis among non-deployed US military active duty members as well as in their beneficiaries.

  20. Biogeochemical Attributes That Affect the Fate and Transport of Military Relevant Contaminants Under Freeze-thaw Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeMonte, J.; Price, C. L.; Seiter, J.; Crocker, F. H.; Douglas, T.; Chappell, M. A.

    2017-12-01

    The roles and missions that the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) undertakes in the Arctic are being reshaped by significant changes in the operational environment as a result of rising global temperatures and increased development of the vast training ranges available in Alaska. The Arctic is warming faster than any other region on Earth resulting in changing seasonality and precipitation patterns that, in turn, are leading to alterations in above ground vegetation, permafrost stability and summer sea ice extent. Collectively, these poorly defined ecosystem changes play critical roles in affecting the transport and eventual fate of persistent military relevant contaminants through unique Arctic and Subarctic terrestrial environments. As a result, management of military contaminants in a changing Arctic represents a unique and potentially significant liability to the Army and the DoD. The United States footprint in the Arctic region falls within the state of Alaska and U.S. Army Alaska manages 10% of all active Army training lands worldwide, which cover nearly 2,500 square miles in total land area. Primary recalcitrant contaminants of concern at active training ranges and at legacy sites include energetics (i.e. RDX and 2,4-dinitrotoluene) and heavy metals (i.e. antimony and lead). Through a series of field sampling and laboratory experiments, the objectives of this work are to: 1) quantify soil biogeochemical attributes that effect the physical fate and transport of military relevant contaminants in Arctic and subarctic soils under freeze-thaw conditions with a focus on near surface processes, and 2) quantify microbial diversity in Arctic and subarctic soils and the environmental constraints on community activity while exploring the effects of amendments on community function as they relate to contaminant transformation.