WorldWideScience

Sample records for state rio grande

  1. History of mesquite introduction in Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Silva dos Santos

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The mesquite (Prosopis juliflora (Sw DC was established as a successful action of xerophilous introduction in Brazilian Northeast dry region. Its fruits are used in animal feed and the wood may be used as piles, firewood and charcoal. The species was introduced in 1942, spreading in "low areas" in Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia and Piauí States. This article aims to elucidate how mesquite was introduced in Rio Grande do Norte State and to understand how it was spread. It was first introduced in Rio Grande do Norte State by the introduction experiments installed at São Miguel farm in the municipality of Angicos. The enthusiasm of technicians and researchers promoted the distribution of pods and seedlings on farms and cities in the state. In addition, there were government incentives to production, distribution and planting the species. This work aims to establish considerations to be used as historical basis on studies about this species and to consider aspects regarding current situation of this culture in Brazilian Northeast.

  2. Genetic progress in sunflower crop in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follmann, D N; Cargnelutti Filho, A; Lorentz, L H; Boligon, A A; Caraffa, M; Wartha, C A

    2017-04-13

    The sunflower has adaptability to growing regions with different climatic and soil characteristics, showing drought tolerance and high-quality oil production. The State of Rio Grande do Sul is the third largest sunflower producer in Brazil, with research related to the sunflower breeding initiated after the decade of 1950. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic progress for grain yield, oil content, and oil yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Data of grain yield, oil content, and oil yield obtained from 58 sunflower cultivar yield trials in 19 municipalities in Rio Grande do Sul during the period from 2005 to 2014 were used. Genetic progress was studied according to the methodology proposed by Vencovsky and data from sunflower cultivar yield trials were used. Annual genetic progress of sunflower during the period of 10 years (2005-2014) was 132.46 kg⋅ha -1 ⋅year -1 for grain yield, -0.17%/year for oil content, and 48.11 kg⋅ha -1 ⋅year -1 for oil yield. The sunflower-breeding programs in the State of Rio Grande do Sul were efficient for the traits grain yield and oil yield and presented no efficiency for oil content.

  3. Albuquerque/Middle Rio Grande Urban Waters Viewer

    Science.gov (United States)

    These data have been compiled in support of the Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque Urban Waters Partnership for the region including Albuquerque, New Mexico.The Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque Urban Waters Federal Partnership is co-chaired by the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. There are also a number of other federal agencies engaged in projects with Tribal, State, and local officials, and community stakeholders. Like many western river ecosystems, the Middle Rio Grande faces numerous challenges in balancing competing needs within a finite water supply and other resource constrains. Historical practices by our ancestors and immigrants to the Middle Rio Grande have established the conditions that we have inherited. Long-term drought exacerbated by climate change is changing conditions that affect natural and human communities as we strive to improve our precious Rio Grande.The Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque Urban Waters Federal Partnership will reconnect our urban communities, particularly those that are overburdened or economically distressed, with the waterway by improving coordination among federal agencies and collaborating with community-led revitalization efforts. Our projects will improve our community water systems and promote their economic, environmental and social benefits. Specifically, the Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque Urban Waters Federal Partnership will support the development of the Valle de Oro

  4. Ecologia da paisagem da hantavirose no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Landscape ecology of hantavirosis in Rio Grande do Sul State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldir E. Henkes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho tem como objetivo estudar a ecologia da paisagem das hantaviroses no Rio Grande do Sul através do mapeamento da ocorrência de casos e sua sobreposição a mapas de vegetação e relevo. A maior parte dos casos ocorre na primavera em regiões serranas com vegetação secundária e atividade agrícola.The aim of this work was to study the landscape ecology of hantavirosis in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. This was achieved through geocoding the occurrence of cases and overlaying onto vegetation and relief maps. The majority of cases occurred during Spring, in highland areas dominated by secondary vegetation and agricultural activity.

  5. Meliponiculture in Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulysses Madureira Maia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Maia U.M., Jaffe R., Carvalho A.T. & Imperatriz-Fonseca V.L. [Meliponiculture in Rio Grande do Norte.] Meliponicultura no Rio Grande do Norte. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 37(4:327-333, 2015. Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenida Bandeirantes, 3900, Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, SP 14040-901, Brasil. E-mail: ummaia@usp.br This study aimed to assess the current status of stingless bee beekeeping (meliponiculture in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, with the aid of structured questionnaires made during visits to beekeepers. The results were compared with a previous census made in the state and with a similar study from Australia. Meliponiculture in Rio Grande do Norte is still informal and little standardized. The activity has grown in recent years considering the mean number of nests per beekeeper. Most apiaries are formed of up to 50 colonies, usually distributed in the backyards of homes. Twelve species of stingless bees were reared in the state, and the most common was the “Jandaíra” bee (Melipona subnitida, whose honey is considered medicinal. While many beekeepers already know the importance of bees as pollinators, stingless bees are still not used for crop pollination. Compared to a recent analysis of beekeeping in Australia, meliponiculture in Brazil is more traditional, honey is the main product and the number of colonies per beekeeper is much higher. Our results highlight the need to reinforce knowledge about bees and promote specific training aimed at improving and standardizing management practices.

  6. Herpetofauna of Núcleo Experimental de Iguaba Grande, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, AR; Bruno, SF.; Navegantes, AQ.

    2012-01-01

    The Atlantic Rain forest, which is considered the second largest pluvial forest in the American continent, has had an estimated 93% of its original area destroyed. Although studies concerning the herpetofaunal diversity in this biome have been intensified in the past years, its diversity is still underestimated. The Nucleo Experimental de Iguaba Grande (NEIG) is included in an Environmental Protection Area (APA de Sapeatiba) in the Iguaba Grande municipality, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil (22º...

  7. Human migration, railways and the geographic distribution of leprosy in Rio Grande do Norte State – Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nobre, Mauricio Lisboa; Dupnik, Kathryn Margaret; Nobre, Paulo José Lisboa; De Souza, Márcia Célia Freitas; Dűppre, Nádia Cristina; Sarno, Euzenir Nunes; Jerŏnimo, Selma Maria Bezerra

    2016-01-01

    Summary Introduction Leprosy is a public health problem in Brazil where 31,044 new cases were detected in 2013. Rio Grande do Norte is a small Brazilian state with a rate of leprosy lower than other areas in the same region, for unknown reasons. Objectives We present here a review based on the analysis of a database of registered leprosy cases in Rio Grande do Norte state, comparing leprosy's geographic distribution among municipalities with local socio-economic and public health indicators and with historical documents about human migration in this Brazilian region. Results The current distribution of leprosy in Rio Grande do Norte did not show correlation with socio-economic or public health indicators at the municipal level, but it appears related to economically emerging municipalities 100 years ago, with spread facilitated by railroads and train stations. Drought-related migratory movements which occurred from this state to leprosy endemic areas within the same period may be involved in the introduction of leprosy and with its present distribution within Rio Grande do Norte. Conclusions Leprosy may disseminate slowly, over many decades in certain circumstances, such as in small cities with few cases. This is a very unusual situation currently and a unique opportunity for epidemiologic studies of leprosy as an emerging disease. PMID:26964429

  8. Vigilando la Calidad del Agua de los Grandes Rios de la Nacion: El Programa NASQAN del Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lurry, Dee L.; Reutter, David C.; Wells, Frank C.; Rivera, M.C.; Munoz, A.

    1998-01-01

    La Oficina del Estudio Geologico de los Estados Unidos (U.S. Geological Survey, 0 USGS) ha monitoreado la calidad del agua de la cuenca del Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte) desde 1995 como parte de la rediseiiada Red Nacional para Contabilizar la Calidad del Agua de los Rios (National Stream Quality Accounting Network, o NASOAN) (Hooper and others, 1997). EI programa NASOAN fue diseiiado para caracterizar las concentraciones y el transporte de sedimento y constituyentes quimicos seleccionados, encontrados en los grandes rios de los Estados Unidos - incluyendo el Misisipi, el Colorado y el Columbia, ademas del Rio Grande. En estas cuatro cuencas, el USGS opera actualmente (1998) una red de 40 puntos de muestreo pertenecientes a NASOAN, con un enfasis en cuantificar el flujo en masa (la cantidad de material que pasa por la estacion, expresado en toneladas por dial para cada constituyente. Aplicacando un enfoque consistente, basado en la cuantificacion de flujos en la cuenca del Rio Grande, el programa NASOAN esta generando la informacion necesaria para identificar fuentes regionales de diversos contaminantes, incluyendo sustancias qui micas agricolas y trazas elementos en la cuenca. EI efecto de las grandes reservas en el Rio Grande se puede observar segun los flujos de constituyentes discurren a 10 largo del rio. EI analisis de los flujos de constituyentes a escala de la cuenca proveera los medios para evaluar la influencia de la actividad humana sobre las condiciones de calidad del agua del Rio Grande.

  9. The Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, as a segmented internationalization territory of the national space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolmar A. Rückert

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes recent scenarios of the territorial restructuring and the new roles of territories as links of the global society, specially limited to the case of the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The constitutional reform of the Brazilean economy southeast portion of the country - particularly in Rio Grande do Sul, a southern state that borders Argentina and Uruguay. The above process has redefined the role of borders from defensive to articulating, focusing the strategic infrastructure and the industrial economy's dynamic nuclei toward the geoeconomical core Mercosur. This has led to deepening of the interreglonal inequalities in southeastern and southern Brazil, as well as internally amongthe Federation states.

  10. First record of Phaethornis pretrei (Birds, Trochilidae in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Vargas Damiani

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available There are 18 species of the genus Phaethornis, Swainson 1827 (Trochilidae in Brazil. In the state of Rio Grande do Sul, to date, only Phaethornis eurynome (Lesson, 1832 has been found. This work presents the first record of Phaethornis pretrei (Lesson & Delattre, 1839 in Rio Grande do Sul. The record was made in the urban perimeter of the town of Campinas do Sul. The species was documented in three ways by use of photography, video, and the recording of a spontaneous call.

  11. Histoplasmose pulmonar aguda no Rio Grande do Sul Acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Unis

    2005-02-01

    growth and transmission of Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum in nature. OBJECTIVE: To identify epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients with acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS and compare these aspects with those of other cluster outbreaks reported in Brazil. METHOD: The charts of 212 patients diagnosed with histoplasmosis over a 25-year period (1977-2002 were obtained from the archives of the Laboratório de Micologia from Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa (Santa Casa Hospital Mycology Laboratory, in the city of Porto Alegre (RS. In reviewing these patient charts, we identified and included in the study cases of acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in which there was a positive culture and/or histopathological findings consistent with the diagnosis. Outbreaks were defined as one confirmed case or positive immunodifusion Histoplasma capsulatum with compatible clinical history. All reported Brazilian outbreaks were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 212 patient charts reviewed, 18 (8.5% were selected for inclusion in the study. Among those 18 patients, ages ranged from 8 to 63 years (median, 35.4, and 67% were male. Epidemiological histories were suggestive of the disease in 11 patients (61%. The most common disease type, seen in 17 patients (95%, was primary acute pulmonary histoplasmosis, and there was a predominance of isolated cases. CONCLUSION: The identification of isolated cases and the presence of cluster outbreaks demonstrate the abundance of H. capsulatum in the soil and, together with the occurrence of all forms of the disease, confirms the assumption that Rio Grande do Sul is a hyperendemic region for histoplasmosis.

  12. Geographic distribution of genetic diversity in populations of Rio Grande Chub Gila pandora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galindo, Rene; Wilson, Wade; Caldwell, Colleen A.

    2016-01-01

    In the southwestern United States (US), the Rio Grande chub (Gila pandora) is state-listed as a fish species of greatest conservation need and federally listed as sensitive due to habitat alterations and competition with non-native fishes. Characterizing genetic diversity, genetic population structure, and effective number of breeders will assist with conservation efforts by providing a baseline of genetic metrics. Genetic relatedness within and among G. pandora populations throughout New Mexico was characterized using 11 microsatellite loci among 15 populations in three drainage basins (Rio Grande, Pecos, Canadian). Observed heterozygosity (HO) ranged from 0.71–0.87 and was similar to expected heterozygosity (0.75–0.87). Rio Ojo Caliente (Rio Grande) had the highest allelic richness (AR = 15.09), while Upper Rio Bonito (Pecos) had the lowest allelic richness (AR = 6.75). Genetic differentiation existed among all populations with the lowest genetic variation occurring within the Pecos drainage. STRUCTURE analysis revealed seven genetic clusters. Populations of G. pandora within the upper Rio Grande drainage (Rio Ojo Caliente, Rio Vallecitos, Rio Pueblo de Taos) had high levels of admixture with Q-values ranging from 0.30–0.50. In contrast, populations within the Pecos drainage (Pecos River and Upper Rio Bonito) had low levels of admixture (Q = 0.94 and 0.87, respectively). Estimates of effective number of breeders (N b ) varied from 6.1 (Pecos: Upper Rio Bonito) to 109.7 (Rio Grande: Rio Peñasco) indicating that populations in the Pecos drainage are at risk of extirpation. In the event that management actions are deemed necessary to preserve or increase genetic diversity of G. pandora, consideration must be given as to which populations are selected for translocation.

  13. Analysis of the marine shrimp farm production chain in Rio Grande do Sul state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Randow de Freitas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify, describe, and analyze the main links of the marine shrimp culture production chain in the extreme south of Brazil, specifically in the Rio Grande and São José do Norte municipalities, Rio Grande do Sul state. The research was carried out through prior bibliographic, in loco research and the application of interviews and questionnaires to identify the entire local productive process from the inputs needed for production to the arrival at the final consumer. The results indicate that the production chain requires actions in the process until the product’s final commercialization. Even as a growing market in Brazil, more investments, better support from the Government for the installation of new farmers, a reduction of bureaucracy in public agencies, training of actors involved in production, and some other points identified in this study can help decision makers, inherent to the activity, to establish sustainable production strategies aimed at lasting and full development of local shrimp production.

  14. Diagnóstico da floricultura no Rio Grande do Sul Diagnosis of floriculture in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atelene Normann Kämpf

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o segmento da produção de flores e plantas ornamentais no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, por meio de um levantamento a campo. O estudo faz parte de um projeto global, apoiado pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Floricultura (IBRAFLOR e pelo Ministério da Agricultura e do Abastecimento (MAARA, através do Departamento Nacional de Cooperativismo (DENACOOP. Com base nos formulários preenchidos nas propriedades, foi elaborado um cadastro dos floricultores, com seus endereços e produções. A floricultura gaúcha conta com 257 produtores, que cultivam o total de 304ha em 65 municípios; 30% dessa área é ocupada com flores de corte, 33% com mudas para jardim, 29% com outros produtos da floricultura e 8% com plantas envasadas. O sistema de cultivo predominante é a céu aberto (89%, com baixos investimentos tecnológicos.A survey was conducted to quantify flower and ornamental plant production in the State of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The Brazilian Floriculture Institute (IBRAFLOR and the Agriculture Ministry (MAARA - DENACOOP granted this research. Based on an inventory formulary a catalog including the nurseries, addresses and main crops was elaborated. There are 257 growers in this State with an area of 304ha distributed among 65 counties; 30% of this area are cultivated with cut flowers, 33% with annuals and perennials for garden, 29% with other floriculture products and 8% with potted plants. The main system of cultivation is not protected with low technological investments.

  15. A New species and records of Gripopterygidae (Plecoptera) from Rio Grande do Sul State, Southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novaes, Marcos Carneiro; Da Conceição Bispo, Pitágoras

    2016-10-17

    Specimens of Gripopterygidae (Plecoptera) from Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil were studied. A new species, Tupiperla sepeensis n. sp. is described. Tupiperla misionera Froehlich 2002 is a new record for Brazil and Gripopteryx reticulata Brauer 1866 and Tupiperla tessellata Brauer 1866 are new records for southern Brazil.

  16. Overview of natural gas in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil; Panorama do gas natural no Rio Grande do Norte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teixeira, Pedro Helio Gomes [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (GREEN/UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Centro de Tecnologia. Grupo de Estudos Energeticos

    2008-07-01

    This work draws a picture of what the natural gas means to Rio Grande do Norte in its quantitative dimension, expressed in the numbers and reserve indicators, production and structure of consume. In another dimension, it broaches the processes of energetic substitution by the natural gas in the state energetic matrix. (author)

  17. Determination of βS haplotypes in patients with sickle-cell anemia in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Hatsue Kitayama Cabral

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available βS haplotypes were studied in 47 non-related patients with sickle-cell anemia from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Molecular analysis was conducted by PCR/RFLP using restriction endonucleases XmnI, HindIII, HincII and HinfI to analyze six polymorphic sites from the beta cluster. Twenty-seven patients (57.5% were identified with genotype CAR/CAR, 9 (19.1% CAR/BEN, 6 (12.8% CAR/CAM, 1 (2.1% BEN/BEN, 2 (4.3% CAR/Atp, 1 (2.1% BEN/Atp and 1 (2.1% with genotype Atp/Atp. The greater frequency of Cameroon haplotypes compared to other Brazilian states suggests the existence of a peculiarity of African origin in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.

  18. Exórdio para o estudo da pedagogia libertária em Rio Grande

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas, Francisco Furtado Gomes Riet

    2007-01-01

    Aborda a História da Pedagogia Libertária e suas implicações práticas com ênfase ao Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, no Brasil. It approaches the History of Libertarian Pedagogy and its practical implications with emphasis to the State of Rio Grande do Sul, in Brazil.

  19. Espécies de Adelpha Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Limenitidinae ocorrentes no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocco Alfredo Di Mare

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Species of Adelpha Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Limenitidinae occurring in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Based on literature, collections and sampled butterflies, a list of twelve species of Adelpha Hübner occurring in Rio Grande do Sul State is presented, including host plants. Adelpha epizygis Fruhstorfer, [1916], Adelpha falcipennis Fruhstorfer, [1916], Adelpha goyama Schaus, 1902 and Adelpha isis (Drury, 1782 are new reports to Rio Grande do Sul. The species are illustrated and keyed.

  20. Assistive Technology and specific care in the granting of wheelchairs in Rio Grande do Norte state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Regina Cabral Galvão

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The Orthesis and Prosthesis Grant Program from Rio Grande do Norte State was restructured by a team of occupational and physical therapists specialized in Assistive Technology. The sector has a showroom for the equipment, prepares prescriptions, and makes deliveries after individual assessment made by the team. The work is developed in conjunction with orthopedic workshop technicians to adjust and adapt the wheelchairs when necessary. Social workers guide and follow the bureaucratic processes of documentation and purchasing, which allows the handing in of wheelchairs throughout the year. This program is considered distinctive compared to programs from other states. In this work, a study was conducted to characterize the demand for locomotion assistance devices, such as wheelchairs, and describe the delivery and acquisition process of the Orthesis and Prosthesis Grant Program from Rio Grande do Norte State. The study was carried out after analyzing and correlating information on the wheelchair delivery process in the past three years. A discussion on the organizational structure, operation, and acquisition facilities of this program is presented in order to promote the social inclusion of people with special needs.

  1. Fatores associados ao atraso no desenvolvimento em crianças, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Factores asociados con retraso en el desarrollo de los niños, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Factors associated with delay in development in children, Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Alves Veleda

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudo analítico com o objetivo de avaliar os fatores associados ao atraso no desenvolvimento em crianças entre 8 a 12 meses de idade indicadas como de risco ao nascer no município do Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foram utilizados como instrumentos o Teste de Triagem de Desenvolvimento de Denver II (TTDD II, a avaliação antropométrica e questionários estruturados. Participaram 220 crianças consideradas de risco ou não ao nascer. Foi encontrada uma prevalência de 20,5% de suspeita de atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. As crianças que apresentaram risco de um TTDD II suspeito faziam parte de famílias de mais baixa renda; eram filhos de mães que haviam realizado menos de seis consultas de pré-natal e apresentavam índice peso-idade inadequado. Os dados sugerem a necessidade de um replanejamento das políticas de saúde infantil, visto que outros critérios poderiam ser incluídos nas condições de risco para a criança ao nascer.Estudio analítico con el objetivo de evaluar los factores asociados al atraso en el desarrollo en niños de 8 a 12 meses de edad indicados como riesgo al nacer en el municipio de Rio Grande, RS, Brasil. Fueron utilizadas como herramientas la Prueba de Tamizaje del Desarrollo de Denver II, la evaluación antropométrica y cuestionarios estructurados. Participaron 220 niños considerados de riesgo o no al nacer. Fue encontrada una prevalencia del 20,5% de sospecha de atraso en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor. Los niños que presentaron riesgo de un DDST II sospechoso formaban parte de familias de más baja renta; eran hijos de madres que habían realizado menos de seis consultas de prenatal y presentaban índice peso-edad inadecuado. Los datos sugieren la necesidad de un replanteamiento de las políticas de salud infantil, así como otros criterios podrían ser inclusos en las condiciones de riesgo para el niño al nacer.This analytical study aims to evaluate the factors associated to

  2. Mecistogaster amalia (Burmeister Odonata: Pseudostigmatidae: First Record from Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Dalzochio

    2011-07-01

    Resumo. Mecistogaster é um gênero da Família Pseudostigmatidae, restrito ao Novo Mundo e pobremente estudado devido sua preferência por clareiras e trilhas dentro de matas. No Brasil, apenas uma espécie é conhecida, Mecistogaster amalia (Burmeister. A distribuição de M. amalia se estende do sudeste do Brasil (nos estados do Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo até a Argentina. Aqui, reportamos pela primeira vez M. amalia para o estado do Rio Grande do Sul State, Sul do Brasil. O presente estudo amplia o registro de ocorrência da espécie em 630 km, a partir do registro anterior na Floresta Paranaense, na Província de Missiones, Argentina.

  3. Mesohabitats, fish assemblage composition, and mesohabitat use of the Rio Grande silvery minnow over a range of seasonal flow regimes in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo del Norte, in and near Big Bend National Park, Texas, 2010-11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moring, J. Bruce; Braun, Christopher L.; Pearson, Daniel K.

    2014-01-01

    In 2010–11, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, evaluated the physical characteristics and fish assemblage composition of mapped river mesohabitats at four sites on the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo del Norte (hereinafter Rio Grande) in and near Big Bend National Park, Texas. The four sites used for the river habitat study were colocated with sites where the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has implemented an experimental reintroduction of the Rio Grande silvery minnow (Hybognathus amarus), a federally listed endangered species, into part of the historical range of this species. The four sites from upstream to downstream are USGS station 08374340 Rio Grande at Contrabando Canyon near Lajitas, Tex. (hereinafter the Contrabando site), USGS station 290956103363600 Rio Grande at Santa Elena Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Tex. (hereinafter the Santa Elena site), USGS station 291046102573900 Rio Grande near Ranger Station at Rio Grande Village, Tex. (hereinafter the Rio Grande Village site), and USGS station 292354102491100 Rio Grande above Stillwell Crossing near Big Bend National Park, Tex. (hereinafter the Stillwell Crossing site).

  4. Micetomas actinomicóticos no Rio Grande do Sul: relato de quatro casos Actinomycotic mycetomas in Rio Grande do Sul: report of 4 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto T. Londero

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available São relatados quatro casos de micetoma causados por Nocardia brasiliensis, ocorridos no Rio Grande do Sul. É revista a literatura rio-grandense-do-sul.Four cases of mycetoma caused by N. brasiliensis, occurring in Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil, are reported.

  5. Research of the Rio Grande Ecosystem Management Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the mission, objectives, and preliminary results of the Middle Rio Grande Ecosystem Management Research Program managed at the Rocky Mountain Research Station's Albuquerque laboratory. This program was initiated in 1994 to address growing pressures to effectively manage the limited resources of the middle Rio Grande Basin. The program is...

  6. Species of Hypholoma (Fr. P. Kumm. (Strophariaceae, Agaricales in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil Espécies de Hypholoma (Fr. P. Kumm. (Strophariaceae, Agaricales no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vagner Gularte Cortez

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Detailed descriptions, illustrations, discussions and a key for identification of the known species of the genus Hypholoma (Fr. P. Kumm. in Rio Grande do Sul state are presented, as well as a revision of the Hypholoma specimens deposited in the Fungi Rickiani collection. Based on the authors' collections and the herbarium revision, the following species were recognized: H. aurantiacum (Cooke Faus, H. ericaeum (Pers.: Fr. Kühner, and H. subviride (Berk. & M.A. Curtis Dennis.Neste trabalho são apresentadas descrições, ilustrações, discussões e chave de identificação para as espécies do gênero Hypholoma (Fr. P. Kumm. conhecidas no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, além de uma revisão do material de Hypholoma depositado na coleção Fungi Rickiani. A partir das coletas realizadas pelos autores, bem como estudo do material depositado nos principais herbários do estado e do país, verificou-se a ocorrência das seguintes espécies: H. aurantiacum (Cooke Faus, H. ericaeum (Pers.: Fr. Kühner e H. subviride (Berk. & M.A. Curtis Dennis.

  7. Groundwater Challenges of the Lower Rio Grande: A Case Study of Legal Issues in Texas and New Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Wheat

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1938, Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado signed the Rio Grande Compact, establishing terms of apportionment for some of the water from the Rio Grande for the three states. Following congressional approval in 1939, this compact governs water allocation in a region with a variable climate and frequent drought conditions and established the Rio Grande Compact Commission, comprised of a commissioner from each state and one from the federal government, to enforce the compact. With an increasing population and declining surface water supply, the Compact has been tested among the parties and within the states themselves. In a case currently before the U.S. Supreme Court, Texas v. New Mexico and Colorado (2013, Texas claims New Mexico is violating the Compact and Rio Grande Project Act by using water in excess of its apportionment through its allowance of diversions of surface and groundwater. The issue is further compounded by disputes within Texas over separate legal regimes for groundwater and surface water. Combined with growing scarcity issues, the allocation of water in the Lower Rio Grande presents a timely natural resource challenge. This review explores legal issues involved in the case as well as growing challenges of population growth, agricultural development needs, and water shortages.

  8. Herpetofauna of Núcleo Experimental de Iguaba Grande, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AR Martins

    Full Text Available The Atlantic Rain forest, which is considered the second largest pluvial forest in the American continent, has had an estimated 93% of its original area destroyed. Although studies concerning the herpetofaunal diversity in this biome have been intensified in the past years, its diversity is still underestimated. The Nucleo Experimental de Iguaba Grande (NEIG is included in an Environmental Protection Area (APA de Sapeatiba in the Iguaba Grande municipality, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil (22º 51' S and 42º 10' W. The goal of this study was to conduct an inventory of the reptile and amphibian species that occur in this area between July 2008 and December 2009. We recorded 19 species of amphibians (18 anurans and one caecilian and 15 species of reptiles (three lizards, 11 snakes and one amphisbaenian. Leptodactylus latrans and L. mystacinus had the highest capture rates among amphibians captured, and among reptiles, Ameiva ameiva, Hemidactylus mabouia and Mabuya agilis had the highest capture rates. Rarefaction curves for both amphibians and reptiles did not reach the asymptote, indicating that the species richness in the NEIG is still underestimated.

  9. A prospective study on Aeromonas in outpatients with diarrhea in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karoline de Campos Prediger

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Aeromonas spp. were identified in five (2,7% of 182 diarrheal stool cultures, A. caviae was predominant, resistant mainly to ampicillin and cephalotin. This is the first study showing the presence of Aeromonas spp. in diarrheal stools of outpatients in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

  10. Diagnóstico dos resíduos de serviços de saúde no interior do Rio Grande do Sul Diagnosis of medical wastes in central Rio Grande do Sul State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ernando da Silva

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar e avaliar aspectos do gerenciamento dos resíduos de serviços de saúde (RSS nos municípios pertencentes à bacia hidrográfica do rio Vacacaí, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Através de levantamento em campo, foram analisados os procedimentos adotados no manejo dos RSS gerados nos hospitais, postos de saúde e laboratórios clínicos. Todos os estabelecimentos de saúde apresentaram falhas nas várias fases da gestão de seus resíduos, não atendendo os princípios preconizados na Resolução CONAMA N. 283/2001. A taxa de geração de resíduos nos hospitais foi de 3,245 kg/leito.dia, sendo 17,6 % referente aos resíduos do Grupo A. O total de resíduos gerados na área de estudo foi estimado em 182.640 kg/mês (22,1 % do Grupo A.The paper aims to analyze and evaluate the medical wastes management in the cities of Vacacaí river basin in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Health care facilities (hospitals, health centers and clinical laboratories were surveyed to provide information about the management, segregation, generation, storage and disposal of medical wastes. The results about management aspects indicate that practices in most healthcare facilities do not comply with the principles stated in Brazilian legislation (CONAMA Resolution N. 283/2001. Average generation rate of total waste in the hospitals was estimated to be 3,245 kg/bed.day (17.6% from Group A. A total medical waste generated in the study area was estimated to be 182,640 kg/month (22.1% from Group A.

  11. Plants, arthropods, and birds of the Rio Grande [chapter 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch; Gale L. Wolters; Wang Yong; Mary Jean Mund

    1995-01-01

    Human populations have increased dramatically along the Rio Grande since European settlement. Human use of water for irrigation and consumption, and human use of land for agriculture, urban centers, livestock grazing, and recreation have changed Rio Grande ecosystems by altering flood cycles, channel geomorphology, upslope processes, and water quality and quantity....

  12. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula M. Goetz

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Galls are specific changes induced by insects on plant organs mainly through increases in plant cell number and/or size. Gall diversity is easy to recognize in the field because gallers are mostly species-specific, and thus each gall morphotype can be a proxy for a galling species. Insect galls are virtually unknown in Seasonal Deciduous and Semi-Deciduous forests of southern Brazil. Here, galls and host plants were surveyed between 2015 and 2017 in four forest fragments of Rio Grande do Sul State in these two vegetation types, in secondary-growth and areas under restoration. We recorded 89 gall morphotypes, with gallers belonging to Lepidoptera and Diptera, with the latter represented mainly by Cecidomyiidae. Galls were associated to 46 plant species in 27 families. Asteraceae, Piperaceae, Fabaceae, Myrtaceae and Lauraceae were the richest families in terms of galls, whilst Piper aduncum and Mikania glomerata were superhosts. Most galls occurred in leaves and shoots. The most common shapes were fusiform, globoid and lenticular. Forty-eight gall morphotype records are new for both Rio Grande do Sul and Brazil, an expressive number considering only two seasonal forest types sampled and few sampling points, showing how important surveys still are for these little know fauna both in taxonomic and ecological terms.

  13. O "abrasileiramento" das associações esportivas de Teutônia/Estrela no Rio Grande do Sul The "abrasileiramento" of the sports associations from Teutônia/Estrela in Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Elisa Kilpp

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available As associações esportivas teuto-brasileiras de Teutônia/Estrela no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul sofreram o processo de abrasileiramento no período da Primeira Guerra Mundial (1914-1918 e da Segunda Grande Guerra (1939-1945. Este artigo objetivou identificar os conflitos de identidades culturais nas associações esportivas de Teutônia/Estrela desencadeados pelas ações nacionalizadoras conduzidas pelos interventores do Estado Rio Grande do Sul no período das grandes guerras mundiais. As fontes históricas consultadas revelaram que a prática de esportes tradicionais nas associações teuto-brasileiras enfraqueceu, como no caso do bolão, ao mesmo tempo que outros esportes foram incorporados, principalmente o futebol. A adesão a esta nova prática esportiva significa um movimento na direção do processo de integração às ações nacionalizadoras.The German-Brazilian sport associations of Teutônia/Estrela in the State of Rio Grande do Sul suffered the process of abrasileiramento in the period of the World War I (1914-1918 and of the World War II (1939-1945. This article aimed to identify the conflicts of cultural identities in the sport associations of Teutônia/Estrela developed by the nationalization actions leaded by the intervenors of the Rio Grande do Sul State in the period of the great world wars. Historical sources revealed that the practice of traditional sports in the German-Brazilian sport associations weakened, asthe bolão, while other sports were incorporated, mainly the soccer. The adhesion to this new sport means a movement in the direction of the process of integration in the nationalization actions.

  14. First records of Casiornis rufus (Vieillot, 1816) (Aves, Tyrannidae) for the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vizentin-Bugoni, Jeferson; Bellagamba-Oliveira, Danielle; Bellagamba, Gina

    2015-01-01

    The Rufous Casiornis, Casiornis rufus (Vielliot, 1916), is widespread in central South America, reaching its southernmost distribution in northern Argentina and Uruguay. Here we present the first nine records of the species for Rio Grande do Sul state, southern Brazil. The records were documented...

  15. Symposium 19: Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul: its Role in the Biochemistry Teaching in the Southernmost Brazilian States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clóvis M.D. Wannmacher

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available K-Education(Portuguese Chair: V. Trindade Bayardo Torres; Clovis Wannmacher; Denise Macedo  Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul: its Role in the Biochemistry Teaching in the Southernmost Brazilian States. Wannmacher, C.M.D. Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.   At present, most Biochemistry teaching in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina has its origin in the Department of Biochemistry of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. In the 70’s, all the teachers of the Department wrote a book together: “Fundamental Biochemistry”. This book was always used in the classes by groups of students of different careers supervised by the respective teacher. At the same time, this methodology was not used by pharmaceutical teachers, but they recommended the Department’s book to their students. Along the next years, Biochemistry teaching was adapted according to the professional course and to the teacher’s personal characteristics. Today, there are two extremes strategies again: one traditional for the most basic biochemistry student’s formation (including theoretical, laboratorial, seminars and informatics classes and the other, experimental-clinical, for physician’s formation (including seminars of molecular approach to the most prevalent diseases, mainly, those leading to failure of organs/systems and the interaction with patients from HCPA by the interpretation of their biochemical data. On the other hand, the Post Graduation Program, at first, emphasized biochemistry teaching in a traditional form, but gradually changed the emphasis to investigation, and most classes changed to scientific paper reports. To stimulate the teaching formation, two activities were offered to post-graduation students: Biochemistry Teaching Methodology and Teaching Practice in Biochemistry. These activities promote opportunity for the students to

  16. The flower-visiting social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae in two areas of Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel G. Hermes

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The flower-visiting social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae in two areas of Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil. The structure of flower-visiting social wasps' assemblages in the CPCN Pró-Mata of São Francisco de Paula and in the Green Belt of Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, are characterized. A total of 879 polistine wasps were collected, of which 475 (11 spp. in the CPCN and 404 (21 spp. in the Green Belt, from September 1997 to April 2001 and from September 2001 to April 2004, respectively. Foraging social wasps were observed on flowers of 36 species of angiosperms (20 families in the Green Belt, and on flowers of 54 species of angiosperms (21 families in the CPCN. Asteraceae was the most visited plant family on both studied localities. A list of pant species visited by the polistines is provided.Vespas sociais (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae visitantes de flores em duas áreas no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A estrutura da assembléia de vespas sociais que visitam flores no CPCN Pró-Mata de São Francisco de Paula e no Cinturão Verde de Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, são caracterizadas. Do total de 879 polistíneos, 475 (11 spp. foram coletados no CPCN, e 404 (21 spp. no Cinturão Verde entre Setembro de 1997 a Abril de 2000 e Setembro de 2001 a Abril de 2004, respectivamente. Vespas sociais foram observadas em flores de 36 espécies de angiospermas (20 famílias no Cinturão Verde, e em flores de 54 espécies de angiospermas (21 famílias no CPCN. Asteraceae foi a família de planta que mais recebeu visitas por parte das vespas nas duas localidades estudadas. Uma lista com as espécies de plantas visitadas pelos polistíneos é apresentada.

  17. Estresse no trabalho em agentes dos centros de atendimento socioeducativo do Rio Grande do Sul Estrés en el trabajo en agentes en los centros de atención socioeducativa de Rio Grande do Sul Job stress in agents at the socio-educational service centers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Bitencourt Toscani Greco

    2013-03-01

    psicológicas en trabajo del agente.The study was both to understand the association of work stress, socio-demographic and labor characteristics, habits and working conditions of the Socio-educational agents in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It was a cross-sectional study with 381 agents of the Socio-educational Service Centers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The Brazilian version of the Job Stress Scale for assessment of work stress has been applied. Were classified in a situation of high strain 19.2% of the agents. The following factors were related to job stress: the need for counseling, lack of leisure time, day shift work, dissatisfaction with the workplace, the need for absence from work due to health problems and insufficient scale work. There is a need to further research working conditions and execution of Occupational Health Service acting in order to minimize the effects of psychological demands at work of a socio-educational agent.

  18. [Violence and social distress among transgender persons in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Martha Helena Teixeira de; Malvasi, Paulo; Signorelli, Marcos Claudio; Pereira, Pedro Paulo Gomes

    2015-04-01

    The authors conducted an ethnographic research with transgender persons in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 2012, using participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and following their everyday lives. These individuals invariably experienced physical and symbolic violence and the resulting distress, a condition they had to deal with in their careers and daily practices and tasks. The article discusses the violence experienced by transvestites (in the family, school, police precincts, and health services), specifically seeking to understand how such violence relates to their experiences with health services and how the latter respond.

  19. Dating by thermoluminescence of some costal sand deposits of last climatic cycle, from the northeastern region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poupeau, G.; Rivera, A.

    1988-01-01

    Six coastal quartz sand deposits from the northeastern region of the Rio Grande do Sul State (Brazil), with reasonnably well known ages, from ∼ 1700 yr to ∼ 120.000 yr, were dated by thermoluminescence. (M.W.O.) [pt

  20. Albuquerque/Middle Rio Grande Urban Waters Viewer

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — These data have been compiled in support of the Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque Urban Waters Partnership for the region including Albuquerque, New Mexico.The Middle...

  1. Moraceae da Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Moraceae of Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Cardoso PEDERNEIRAS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta o levantamento florístico das espécies nativas de Moraceae ocorrentes na Ilha Grande, município de Angra dos Reis, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Com base na análise de coleções científicas, revisão da literatura e excursões a campo, foram registradas 11 espécies nativas: Brosimum guianense, Dorstenia arifolia, Ficus adhatodifolia, F. arpazusa, F. cyclophylla, F. gomelleira, F. nevesiae, F. organensis, F. pulchella, Sorocea hilarii, S. guilleminiana. Apresentamos, também, a chave de identificação para os táxons, descrições, ilustrações, informações sobre a distribuição geográfica e comentários sobre as espécies. This work presents a floristic survey of native species of Moraceae occurring in Ilha Grande, municipality of Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. It was based on analysis of herbarium collections, literature review and the field excursions, resulting in 11 native species: Brosimum guianense, Dorstenia arifolia, Ficus adhatodifolia, F. arpazusa, F. cyclophylla, F. gomelleira, F. nevesiae, F. organensis, F. pulchella, Sorocea hilarii, S. guilleminiana. We also present the identification key to the taxa, descriptions, illustrations, information about geographic distribution and comments on these species that enriched the results.

  2. Recent records of birds of conservation concern in the extreme north of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Fischer Barcellos dos Santos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Our goal is to communicate the occurrence of conservation concern bird species in an Atlantic Forest area of Rio Grande do Sul, in the town of Iraí (27°11’49”S, 53°14’32”W. Compositional data was collected from September 2006 to September 2008 through 364h of field work effort. We registered 23 bird species of conservation interest: sixteen are threatened with extinction in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, four are Near Threatened worldwide (including two regionally threatened, other four are near threatened regionally, and one species is uncommon in the state with poor records. Bird composition in the area shows the importance of conservation and restoration of forests in Iraí, as well as others located in the extreme north of Rio Grande do Sul, since these areas could represent one of the last remaining refuges for a great number of threatened bird species in that region.

  3. 76 FR 6517 - San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad-Petition for a Declaratory Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35380] San Luis & Rio... petition filed by San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad (SLRG), the Board instituted a declaratory order... proposed operation of a truck-to-rail transload facility in Antonito, Colorado. See San Luis & Rio Grande R...

  4. Upper Rio Grande water operations model: A tool for enhanced system management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gail Stockton; D. Michael Roark

    1999-01-01

    The Upper Rio Grande Water Operations Model (URGWOM) under development through a multi-agency effort has demonstrated capability to represent the physical river/reservoir system, to track and account for Rio Grande flows and imported San Juan flows, and to forecast flows at various points in the system. Testing of the Rio Chama portion of the water operations model was...

  5. Raptor Use of the Rio Grande Gorge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ponton, David A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-03-20

    The Rio Grande Gorge is a 115 km long river canyon located in Southern Colorado (15 km) and Northern New Mexico (100 km). The majority of the canyon is under the administration of the Bureau of Land Management {BLM), and 77 km of the canyon south of the Colorado/New Mexico border are designated Wild River under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1968. Visits I have made to the Rio Grande Gorge over the past 15 .years disclosed some raptor utilization. As the Snake River Birds of Prey Natural Area gained publicity, its similarity to the Rio Grande Gorge became obvious, and I was intrigued by the possibility of a high raptor nesting density in the Gorge. A survey in 1979 of 20 km of the northern end of the canyon revealed a moderately high density of red-tailed hawks and prairie falcons. With the encouragement of that partial survey, and a need to assess the impact of river-running on nesting birds of prey, I made a more comprehensive survey in 1980. The results of my surveys, along with those of a 1978 helicopter survey by the BLM, are presented in this report, as well as general characterization of the area, winter use by raptors, and an assessment of factors influencing the raptor population.

  6. Guidebook to Rio Grande rift in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawley, J.W.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the details of geologic features along the rift zone. Included are short papers on topics relative to the overall region. These papers and the road logs are of special interest to any one pursuing further study of the rift. This book is a comprehensive guide to the middle and late Cenozoic geology of the Rio Grande region of Colorado and New Mexico. Though initially used on field trips for the International Symposium on Tectonics and Magmatism of the Rio Grande rift, the guidebook will be useful to anyone interested in the Cenozoic history of the 600-mi-long area extending from central Colorado to El Paso, Texas.

  7. What are the Main Reasons to Obtain Certification ISO 14001? A Study of Enterprises in the State of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenon Schmitz Brisolara

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Environmental certification is considered as an advance to a company’s environmental management, in order to adapt its processes continuously, to reduce damage to the environment and avoiding compromising the quality of the community life. This study aims to find out what makes companies in the State of Rio Grande do Sul adhere to the ISO 14001 environmental certification, understanding their relationship with internal and external competitiveness, which is increasing worldwide due to globalization. The competitiveness of the market is so fierce, that to prevent the entrance of goods in certain countries, non-tariff barriers are created, such as the requirement of environmental certification standards. Even so, there is a low compliance rate to ISO 14001of companies in Rio Grande do Sul. Through researching, the reason has been found why that State has only six organisations certified: the high costs of implementation make it unfeasible for small and medium-sized companies which do not have sufficient funds for membership.

  8. Leishmaniasis transmission in an ecotourism area: potential vectors in Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Bruno Moreira; Maximo, Michele; Costa, Wagner Alexandre; de Santana, Antonio Luís Ferreira; da Costa, Simone Miranda; da Costa Rego, Taiana Amancio Neves; de Pita Pereira, Daniela; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

    2013-11-13

    The south coast of Rio de Janeiro State, in Brazil, is endemic for cutaneous and visceral leishmaniases and is frequently visited by tourists from different parts of the world. Since the complex epidemiology of leishmaniases demands local studies, the goal of this study was to investigate the phlebotomine sand fly fauna and leishmaniases transmission in Ilha Grande, an ecotourism area of Angra dos Reis municipality. Sand fly fauna was sampled in three monitoring stations using HP light traps in domiciles, peridomiciles and forests. Species abundance was evaluated by the Index of Species Abundance. A Leishmania natural infection survey was done using multiplex PCR and dot blot hybridization. During 15 consecutive months of sand fly monitoring, 1093 specimens from 16 species were captured. The potential leishmaniases vectors found were Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia, L. migonei, L. (N.) flaviscutellata, L. (Psychodopygus) ayrozai and L. (Lutzomyia) longipalpis. Five species were new records in Ilha Grande: L. (Sciopemyia) microps, L. termitophila, L. firmatoi, L. rupicola and L. (P.) ayrozai. Higher species richness was found inside forest areas, although potential leishmaniases vectors were present in deforested areas, peridomiciles and inside houses. Lutzomyia (N.) intermedia and L. migonei were the most abundant species. Females of L. migonei showed a high rate (10.3%) of natural infection by Leishmania (Viannia) sp., probably Leishmania (V.) braziliensis. The detection of leishmaniases transmission and potential vectors in Ilha Grande is of public health concern, especially because tourists are frequently visiting the island. Besides reinforcing the epidemiological importance of L. (N.) intermedia in Rio de Janeiro State, the role of L. migonei in cutaneous leishmaniasis transmission is highlighted with its high rate of Leishmania natural infection. The finding of L. (L.) longipalpis confirmed the human autochthonous case of visceral leishmaniasis from the

  9. Application of the exploratory analysis of data in the geographical discrimination of okra of Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Santos Panero

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The contents of Cu, Zn, Na, Fe, K, Ca, Mn, Mg, PO43-, Cl- and SO42- were determined in samples of okra of the municipal districts of Caruaru and Vitória de Santo Antão, in Pernambuco, as well as in the municipal districts of Ceará-Mirim, Macaíba and Extremoz in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. The objective of this work is the application of two methods of  exploratory analysis of data: Principal Component Analysis - PCA and Hierarquical Cluster Analysis - HCA in the geographical discrimination of okra originating in the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco. The results showed that Cl- and Na were the main elements for the differentiation of the samples of Rio Grande do Norte and, the samples of Pernambuco presented the largest amount of Fe, Cu, Mn, Mg, Ca, Zn, K, PO43-, and SO42-. Boths the methods of exploratory analysis of data investigated are efficient for geographical discrimination of okra originating in Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco.

  10. Pesquisa sobre tabagismo entre médicos de Rio Grande, RS: prevalência e perfil do fumante Cigarette smoking survey among physicians of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul: prevalence and smoker's profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUÍS SUÁREZ HALTY

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available O tabagismo é um grave problema de saúde pública. A luta antitabágica está em grande parte alicerçada nos profissionais da área da saúde, em especial, nos médicos. O médico frente à sua comunidade é um modelo de conduta e como tal deve dar o exemplo de não fumar. Objetivo: Avaliar a magnitude e distribuição do tabagismo na população médica de Rio Grande, RS, e caracterizar o perfil do fumante. Método: Os dados foram obtidos no ano de 1999, através da aplicação e análise de questionário, elaborado segundo modelo proposto pela OMS, entre 333 médicos, sendo 213 (64% homens e 120 (36% mulheres. A média de idade da amostra foi de 43 (± 10,5 anos, com 65,1% no grupo de 30 a 50 anos. Resultados: Constatou-se prevalência de tabagismo atual de 18,3% (15,9% fumantes regulares + 2,4% fumantes ocasionais. A prevalência de tabagismo regular quanto ao gênero foi de 17,8% entre homens e 12,5% entre mulheres, sem diferença estatisticamente significante (p > 0,05. O consumo de cigarros foi, em média, de 24,3 maços/ano, sendo maior no sexo masculino e aumentando com a idade. Verificou-se que 86,8% dos fumantes iniciaram o tabagismo antes dos 20 anos de idade, tendo por motivação, em 63,2% dos casos, a vontade própria e/ou influência dos amigos. Conclusão: Embora a prevalência tabágica entre os médicos rio-grandinos seja inferior à de outros países, ainda é inaceitável, visto que esta categoria tem papel determinante na prevenção e na luta antitabágica, justificando uma campanha contra o fumo entre eles.Smoking is a serious public health problem. The campaign against tobacco is largely supported by health professionals, especially doctors. The physician is a model for the community and therefore should give the example avoiding smoking. Objectives: This work seeks to evaluate the magnitude and the distribution of smoking habit among physicians in Rio Grande, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, and

  11. White grubs (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae in the "Planalto Region", Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil: Key for identification, species richness and distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana A. Cherman

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available White grubs (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae in the "Planalto Region", Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil: Key for identification, species richness and distribution. The objective of this study was to survey the occurrence and geographic distribution of white grub species (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae in cultivated and non-cultivated fields of the "Planalto Region", Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil and develop a key at genus-level. Twenty-eight species from 15 genera and three subfamilies were recorded: Dynastinae, Melolonthinae and Rutelinae. The species or genera recorded for the first time in the state are: Cyclocephala metrica, C. tucumana, Isonychus albicinctus, Liogenys bidenticeps, L. fusca, L. obesa and L. sinuaticeps, Paranomala violacea, as well as unidentified species of Amononyx, Dicrania, Leucothyreus, Macrodactylus, Plectris and Rhizogeniates. Among the species recorded, 23 were associated with winter crops. Only Cyclocephala metrica, Dyscinetus rugifrons, two species of Leucothyreus and one species of the tribe Sericini were not present in cultivated crop fields. Cyclocephala flavipennis and Diloboderus abderus occurred in most of the municipalities sampled, often associated with Plectris sp., C. modesta and C. putrida. The highest richness of melolonthids was concentrated in the northeast of the Planalto region.

  12. Innovation in production organic rice systems in Rio Grande do Sul Inovação em sistemas de produção de arroz orgânico no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Monks da Silveira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Rio Grande do Sul is the largest producer of rice. In the state, rice is conventionally produced in large areas with intensive use of machinery and inputs, which has been associated with environmental impacts. Innovation can help to change this reality. Some initiatives are being developed in recent years trying to adapt the conventional system the global trend of consumption concerned about the environment. An example is the production of organic rice. In this sense, has established itself as objective to identify the groups of organic production in the state of Rio Grande do Sul and the innovations associated with these groups. The research was characterized as qualitative. The current stage of research enabled us to identify the group of producers associated with the Center for Environmental Education and Rice Agroecological Management Group, coordinated the Cooperative Central Settlements of Rio Grande do Sul. Have been identified other producers or groups. As for innovations, the results of the group of producers associated with the Center for Environmental Education and Monitoring are under review. Still it was found that new more sustainable alternatives are being adopted by producers and that this type of cultivation has increased in recent seasons.DOI: 10.5902/198346597782O Rio Grande do Sul é o maior produtor brasileiro de arroz. No estado, o arroz é convencionalmente produzido em grandes áreas, com o uso intensivo de máquinas e de insumos, o que tem sido associado a impactos ambientais. A inovação pode contribuir para a mudança dessa realidade. Algumas iniciativas estão sendo desenvolvidas nos últimos anos, buscando adaptar o sistema convencional à tendência mundial de consumo preocupado com o meio ambiente. Um exemplo é a produção de arroz orgânico. Nesse sentido, estabeleceu-se como objetivo identificar os grupos de produção orgânica no estado do Rio Grande do Sul e as inovações associadas a estes grupos. O

  13. Ocorrência de raiva em ovinos no Rio Grande do Sul Occurrence of rabies in sheep in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel R. Rissi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se a ocorrência de raiva em ovinos na região Central do Rio Grande do Sul em novembro de 2003. Foram afetados dois ovinos de raça mista, um macho de três meses e uma fêmea de 2,5 anos de idade que apresentaram sinais clínicos com evolução de cinco dias e caracterizados por dificuldade de locomoção, tremores musculares, decúbito lateral, convulsões, opistótono e febre. Histologicamente havia mielomeningoencefalite não-supurativa, associada a inclusões eosinofílicas intracitoplasmáticas (corpúsculos de Negri em neurônios nos dois ovinos afetados. Em um ovino em que o gânglio de Gasser foi examinado, havia ganglionite não-supurativa. As lesões concentravam-se predominantemente na substância cinzenta da medula espinhal, no tronco encefálico e no cerebelo. Antígeno viral foi detectado em seções selecionadas de ponte e bulbo submetidas ao teste de imuno-histoquímica utilizando anticorpo policlonal anti-ribonucleoproteína do vírus da raiva. Os casos ocorreram em meio a um surto de raiva bovina transmitida por morcegos e foram considerados, com bases epidemiológicas, como transmitidos da mesma forma, como ocorre na raiva endêmica de bovinos no Rio Grande do Sul.Cases of rabies in sheep occurring in November 2003, in central Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, are described. A 3-month-old male, and a 2.5-month-old female sheep were affected. Clinical signs were characterized by abnormal gait, trembling, lateral recumbency, convulsion, opisthotonus, and fever. Histological findings included a non-suppurative myelomeningoencephalitis associated with intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusion (Negri bodies in neurons. Lesions were predominantly observed in gray matter of the spinal cord, brainstem and cerebellum. There was non-suppurative Gasserian ganglionitis in one sheep in which this structure was examined. Immunohistochemistry using rabies virus ribonucleoprotein polyclonal antibody yelded positive result in brain

  14. Land use changes after the period commodities rising price in the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Celestino Pires Silveira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: At the end of the 20th and early 21st century, agricultural systems incorporated definitively a new mission: to generate goods for a world population that continues to grow and whose way of life demand food with low environmental impact. Soybean is the main raw material for the production of biodiesel in Brazil, accountably responsible for 82.4% of the total produced between 2006 and 2013. The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS, which is formed by the Pampa and the Atlantic forest biomes, was responsible for 35.7% of the country's biodiesel production in the referred period. The aim of this paper was to verify the impact of the increased area of soybean cultivation in land use in Rio Grande do Sul State, in the period between 1990 and 2015, considering separately its two biomes (Pampa and Atlantic Forest original areas, using both census dataset and satellite images. We used the period from 1990 to 2000 as before commodity rising price (BCRP and the period from 2000 to 2013 as commodity rising price (CRP. The 505,162 ha from Atlantic Forest biome and 1,192,115ha from Pampa biome were added to soybean production in the CRP period. In the Atlantic Forest, this enlargement occurred in the border of the main production area, while in Pampa biome conversion of natural grassland to crop land was the main reason for the large increment in the cultivated area.

  15. Towards a Pedagogy of a New Social Contract: Lessons from Participatory Budgeting in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streck, Danilo R.

    This paper analyzes the pedagogical dimension within the process of participatory budgeting in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, taking into consideration the local and regional culture, as well as the political milieu. The question is whether, in this social movement which involved around 400,000 people in 2001, signs can be identified that…

  16. Advanced functions using VBA for the Yacuiba Rio Grande (GASYRG) gas pipeline; Funcoes avancadas usando VBA no gasoduto Yacuiba Rio Grande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres Vega, Raul [TRANSIERRA S.A., Santa Cruz (Bolivia)

    2005-07-01

    The Yacuiba - Rio Grande Gas Pipeline is remote operated from the Supervision and Control Center (CSC) located in the offices of Transierra S.A. in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. This operation is made by means of a SCADA system based on satellite communication, it starts off at Yacuiba and finishes in Rio Grande, where it deliveries the export gas to Brazil. An Advanced Functions application was developed at the Transierra's CSC, This application runs under Intellution's iFix (HMI of the SCADA) in a Windows platform. It gathers transportation data in real time and by means of a mathematical process and a steady state simulation it makes the following on line calculations: Line Pack, Leak Detection, Transport Efficiency, Pressure Estimate in intermediate points and gas real velocity in the pipeline. The application was developed using Visual BASIC for Applications (VBA) (included in Intellution's iFix) and by means of an interphase to a historical server (iHistorian, Intellution) it is possible to store the obtained results, this integration also allows for the creation of graphs and trends with a great flexibility and to activate alarm points. With a practically null investment, this application replaces high cost specialized packages that are accessories to simulation or SCADA applications. (author)

  17. Simulations of Precipitation Variability over the Upper Rio Grande Basin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Costigan, Keeley R.; Bossert, James E.; Langley, David L.

    1997-10-01

    In this research, we study Albuquerque's water and how it may be affected by changes in the regional climate, as manifested by variations in Rio Grande water levels. To do this, we rely on the use of coupled atmospheric, runoff, and ground water models. Preliminary work on the project has focused on uncoupled simulations of the aquifer beneath Albuquerque and winter precipitation simulations of the upper Rio Grande Basin. The latter is discussed in this paper

  18. Igreja e italianidade: Rio Grande do Sul (1875-1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Possamai

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the position adopted by the catholic clergy concerning the italianità policy among the Italian immigrants in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. While the Carlists protected the Italian nationalism among the colonists and were inclined to a good relationship between the Catholic Church and the Kingdom of Italy, to the Capuchins the italianità was useful to preserve the catholic faith among the colonists, although they also supported the conservative point of view of the Vatican, that the liberal Italian State was the usurper of the papacy lands.

  19. Coordenadas geográficas na estimativa das temperaturas máxima e média decendiais do ar no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Geographic coordinates in the ten-day maximum and mean air temperature estimation in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Cargnelutti Filho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir dos dados referentes à temperatura máxima média decendial (Tx e à temperatura média decendial (Tm do ar de 41 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, de 1945 a 1974, este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar se a Tx e a Tm podem ser estimadas em função da altitude, latitude e longitude. Para cada um dos 36 decêndios do ano, realizou-se análise de correlação e estimaram-se os parâmetros do modelo das equações de regressão linear múltipla, considerando Tx e Tm como variável dependente e altitude, latitude e longitude como variáveis independentes. Na validação dos modelos de estimativa da Tx e Tm, usou-se o coeficiente de correlação linear de Pearson, entre a Tx e a Tm estimada e a Tx e a Tm observada em dez municípios do Estado, com dados da série de observações meteorológicas de 1975 a 2004. A temperatura máxima média decendial e a temperatura média decendial podem ser estimadas por meio da altitude, latitude e longitude, em qualquer local e decêndio, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.The objective of this research was to estimate ten-day maximum (Tx and mean (Tm air temperature using altitude and the geographic coordinates latitude and longitude for the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Normal ten-day maximum and mean air temperature of 41 counties in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, from 1945 to 1974 were used. Correlation analysis and parameters estimate of multiple linear regression equations were performed using Tx and Tm as dependent variable and altitude, latitude and longitude as independent variables, for the 36 ten-day periods of the year. Pearson's linear correlation coefficient between estimated and observed Tx and Tm, calculated for tem counties using data of were used as independent data sets. The ten-day maximum and mean air temperature may be estimated from the altitude and the geographic coordinates latitude and longitude in the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

  20. Ocorrência do ácaro vermelho europeu Panonychus ulmi (Koch (Tetranychidae associado à cultura da videira no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil European red spider mite Panonychus ulmi (Koch (Tetranychidae occurrence of vineyards in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noeli Juarez Ferla

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo é descrita ocorrência e o dano causado pelo ácaro vermelho europeu Panonychus ulmi (Koch associado à cultura da videira. As coletas foram realizadas na safra 2005-2006 em Vitis vinifera L. da cultivar Merlot, nos municípios de Bento Gonçalves e Candiota, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. As folhas infestadas apresentaram bronzeamento, com manchas avermelhadas na face adaxial, resultando na queda prematura das mesmas. Esse é o primeiro registro do ácaro vermelho europeu danificando a cultura da videira no Rio Grande do Sul.The occurrence and the damage caused for the European red spider mite Panonychus ulmi (Koch associated to the culture of the grapevine are described. The collections had been carried through in 2005-2006 seasons in Vitis vinifera L. of cultivating Merlot in Bento Gonçalves and Candiota counties, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The infested leaves had presented bronzing, with spots redly in the adaxial face resulting in the premature fall. This is the first register of the European red mite damaging the culture of the grapevine in Rio Grande do Sul.

  1. Consolidação das contas públicas: análise do cumprimento do art. 51 da LRF pelos municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte = Public account consolidation: an analysis of the enforcement of LRF art. 51 by the municipalities in the State of Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Corrêa da Silva

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A consolidação das contas tem por objetivo apresentar demonstrações financeiras de duas ou mais sociedades, como se fossem uma única entidade. As sociedades consolidadas continuam existindo juridicamente, sendo a consolidação efetuada apenas extracontabilmente. O objetivo geral desta pesquisa é analisar a situação dos municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte quanto a cumprir o encaminhamento de suas contas, conforme determinado pelo Art. 51 da LRF, no período de 2000 a 2008. Para tal, foram utilizadas as pesquisas descritiva, documental, bibliográfica e qualitativa. Os dados da pesquisa foram extraídos do sítio eletrônico da Secretaria do Tesouro Nacional (STN - www.stn.fazenda.gov.br. Na pesquisa foi utilizada uma amostra intencional dos 167 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, agrupados em quatro Mesorregiões. Os resultados revelaram que dos 167 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, 20 municípios se encontram pendentes, em determinado ano, de encaminhar os dados de suas contas para a consolidação das contas públicas nacionais, e que a grande maioria dos municípios potiguares remeteu seus dados com atraso (após 30 de abril. Account consolidation has as its objective to present financial statements of two or more organizations, as if they were one. The consolidated organizations continue to exist from a legal perspective, with the consolidation being performed only outside an accounting viewpoint. The general objective of this research is to analyze the situation of the municipalities in the State of Rio Grande do Norte as to the enforcement on the forwarding of their accounts, determined by Art. 51 of LRF from 2000 to 2008. For such, a descriptive, documental, bibliographical and qualitative research has been used. The research data were extracted from the electronic website of the National Treasury Secretary (STN - www.stn.fazenda.gov.br. An intentional sample of the 167 municipalities of the State of

  2. FLORISTIC AND SIMILARITY ANALYSIS OF TREE SPECIES IN “MATA DA PRAIA DO TOTÓ’, PELOTAS, RIO GRANDE DO SUL STATE BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Schuch Venzke

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050987548The floristic survey of tree species was performed in a ‘Restinga’ forest, municipality of Pelotas, RioGrande do sul State, Brazil. The area studied is known as ‘Mata da Praia do Totó’(‘Totó’ beach forest,and comprises a remnant formed by a sandy and turf ‘Restinga’ forest. A total 65 native species weresampled comprising 51 genera distributed in 34 families. The family with the greatest number of specieswasMyrtaceae, with ten species, followed bySalicaceaeandRubiaceae.The most representative generawereMyrsineandEugenia,respectivelly sampled with four and three species. The analysis of similaritysampled that the sandy forest is floristically related to riparian and hillside forests and the forest peat isrelated to other forests located in areas of permanent water saturation of soil. Species richness of the siteis high for ‘Restinga’ forests in Rio Grande do Sul state, probably due to the influence of forests located inSerra dos Tapes and by diversity of the environments that make up the study area.

  3. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF VERNALIZATED SEMI-NOBLE GARLIC CULTIVARS IN WESTERN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAFAELLA RAYANE MACEDO DE LUCENA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Garlic is a vegetable that has economic and social relevance in Brazil. Rio Grande do Norte is among the consumer states, however, despite having regions with favorable conditions for growing garlic, it depends on imports of this product to meet its demand. The introduction of cultivars that have high yield and quality, and the adjustments in vernalization technology, which is a key issue for adaptation of new cultivars, are mechanisms that can contribute to garlic revitalization in areas previously producing this vegetable. Therefore, the objective of this work was to assess the quality characteristics of semi-noble garlic cultivars subjected to different bulb-seed pre-planting vernalization periods in two counties of the Western Mesoregion of Rio Grande do Norte State (RN, Brazil. Two experiments were simultaneously conducted in Barauna RN and Governador Dix-sept Rosado RN, from April to November, 2012. A complete randomized block experimental design was used with four replications. The treatments were arranged in split-plot design, with the plots consisted of cultivars (Gigante-do-Nucleo and BRS-Hozan and subplots consisted of bulb-seed pre-planting vernalization (4±1°C periods (0, 10, 20 and 30 days. The evaluations consisted of bulb diameter, pH, titratable acidity, soluble solids, total soluble sugars, reducing sugars, pungency, total solids and industrial index. The use of 10-day bulb-seed pre-planting vernalization increased the semi-noble garlic quality produced in Barauna and Governador Dix-sept Rosado. The cultivars Gigante-do-Nucleo and BRS-Hozan presented good prospects for industrialization, with good characteristics of flavor and aroma.

  4. Observações sobre stomatopoda Squilla brasiliensis calman, 1917 na plataforma continental do Rio Grande do Sul Observation on the Stamatopoda Squilla brasiliensis Calman, 1917 on the continental shelf of the Rio Grande do Sul State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Roberto Tommasi

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available O Stomatopoda Squilla brasiliensis ocorreu em 60 estações na plataforma continental do Rio Grande do Sul. É aparentemente, bastante freqüente entre 19 e 285 m de profundidade, mas especialmente entre 100 e 150 m, temperatura da água de fundo de 12,22 a 24,45ºC, salinidade de 30,20 a 36,16º/.., fundo de areia fina e lodo com baixo teor de calcario (0-20% na fração menor do que 44µ. Ocorreu especialmente em fundos sob influencia da massa de água Subtropical. As maiores abundancias ocorreram entre 30º e 31ºS e entre 49º e 50ºW. Vários exemplares, tanto machos como fêmeas, apresentaram telso com bordos entumescidos, o que sugere não ser essa uma característica ligada ao sexo nesta espécie .The distribution of Squilla brasiliensis Caiman, 1917 (Crustacea Stomatopoda is by the first time discussed in the continental plataform in the region of Rio Grande do Sul State, in relationship with depth, temperature and salinity. Apparently the distribution of that species is more related to salinity than to depth and temperature, and specially to the water mass of Subtropical origin. The largest densities were found between 84 and 128 m depth.

  5. Panel - Rio Grande restoration: Future directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch; Pete V. Domenici; Jeffrey. C. Whitney; Steve Harris; Brian Shields; Clifford S. Crawford

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this panel was to discuss historical and current changes to the Rio Grande system, focusing on the middle Basin, and to present and review different individual, organizational, and political perspectives on the future of the system. Invitations were made to panelists based on their past and current interests and activities pertaining to restoration of...

  6. Microbial contamination and chemical toxicity of the Rio Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valles Adrian

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Rio Grande River is the natural boundary between U.S. and Mexico from El Paso, TX to Brownsville, TX. and is one of the major water resources of the area. Agriculture, farming, maquiladora industry, domestic activities, as well as differences in disposal regulations and enforcement increase the contamination potential of water supplies along the border region. Therefore, continuous and accurate assessment of the quality of water supplies is of paramount importance. The objectives of this study were to monitor water quality of the Rio Grande and to determine if any correlations exist between fecal coliforms, E. coli, chemical toxicity as determined by Botsford's assay, H. pylori presence, and environmental parameters. Seven sites along a 112-Km segment of the Rio Grande from Sunland Park, NM to Fort Hancock, TX were sampled on a monthly basis between January 2000 and December 2002. Results The results showed great variability in the number of fecal coliforms, and E. coli on a month-to-month basis. Fecal coliforms ranged between 0–106 CFU/100 ml while E. coli ranged between 6 to > 2419 MPN. H. pylori showed positive detection for all the sites at different times. Toxicity ranged between 0 to 94% of inhibition capacity (IC. Since values above 50% are considered to be toxic, most of the sites displayed significant chemical toxicity at different times of the year. No significant correlations were observed between microbial indicators and chemical toxicity. Conclusion The results of the present study indicate that the 112-Km segment of the Rio Grande river from Sunland Park, NM to Fort Hancock, TX exceeds the standards for contact recreation water on a continuous basis. In addition, the presence of chemical toxicity in most sites along the 112-Km segment indicates that water quality is an area of concern for the bi-national region. The presence of H. pylori adds to the potential health hazards of the Rio Grande. Since no

  7. Previsão do preço dos principais grãos produzidos no Rio Grande do Sul Forcasting the price of major grains produced in Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analice Marchezan

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se realizar previsões para o ano de 2007, referente ao preço das principais culturas das lavouras temporárias desenvolvidas no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os dados-base da quantidade produzida dos principais grãos analisados foram a média anual, de 1995 a 2006, as previsões de preços, de janeiro de 1995 a dezembro de 2006. Para realização das previsões do preço das culturas de soja, arroz e milho no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul foi utilizada Metodologia Box & Jenkins. Para as culturas destacadas, a metodologia captou vários modelos significativos, mas por meiodos Critérios Penalizadores, AIC, SBC e Erro Quadrado Médio, escolheu-se o melhor modelo para cada série, sendo ideal o modelo ARIMA (0,1,2(0,1,0 para a soja; o modelo SARIMA(1,1,0(1,0,1 para o arroz e o modelo ARIMA (2,1,1(0,1,0 para o milho.The aim of this research was to make predictions for 2007, referring to the price of temporary crops developed in the Rio Grande do Sul state. The data-base of the amout produced of the major grain analyzed were the annual average1995 to 2006 and price produced, from January 1995 to December 2006. To accomplish the forecasts in relation to prices of soybean, rice and sweetcorn in RS state, it was used the Box & Jenkins methodology. To such cultivations, the methodoly showed many significant models, however, through the penalizing criterias, AIC e SBC, in addition to the square average error, it was possible to choose the best model for each serie, being the model ARIMA (0,1,2(0,1,0 to soybean; the model SARIMA (1,1,0(1,0,1 to rice and the model ARIMA (2,1,1(0,1,0 to sweetcorn.

  8. First record of Chara indica and Chara zeylanica (Charophyceae, Charales, Characeae in the semiarid reservoirs the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Catarina Bueno

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present study we present the first record of the macroalgaes Chara indica and Chara zeylanica for the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, and the semiarid northeastern. Specimens of C. indica and C. zeylanica were collected in Santa Cruz and Umari reservoirs, respectively. Both reservoirs are located in the river basin Apodi-Mossoró (Western State in the Caatinga Biome.

  9. 27 CFR 9.119 - Middle Rio Grande Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Middle Rio Grande Valley. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is... 1979. (24) Veguita, N. Mex. (1952), revised 1979. (25) Wind Mesa, N. Mex. (1952), revised 1967. (c...

  10. Perfil dos médicos auditores no estado do Rio Grande do Sul Profile of a medical auditing group in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus Michael Preger

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O presente artigo analisa o perfil do médico auditor no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, tomando por base o grupo de médicos que participou dos cursos de pós-graduação em Auditoria em Saúde, Fundação Unimed, nas cidades de Porto Alegre e Caxias do Sul. MÉTODOS: Apresentamos uma revisão histórica, estudo das leis e normas que regem a função de médico auditor e uma revisão bibliográfica sobre a auditoria médica no Brasil. Foi aplicado um instrumento fechado, no qual constavam dados pessoais e de formação profissional, assim como relativos à satisfação pessoal, saúde e bem-estar do entrevistado. RESULTADOS: Responderam ao questionário 71 médicos auditores com um total de 85 funções de auditoria médica em locais diversos de trabalho: 83,8% do sexo masculino, com faixa de idade preponderante de 41 a 50 anos (38%, formados em média há 21,96 +/- 7,68 anos, com tempo de atuação em auditoria médica de 7,24 +/- 6,62 anos, e 88,7% possuem títulos universitários e/ou cursos de especialização médica nas mais diversas áreas de atuação. Do grupo pesquisado, 25,37% têm relação formal de emprego, 60% encontram-se satisfeitos como pessoa e como profissional, estando bem fisicamente. No grupo entrevistado, não existem médicos com menos de 33 anos de idade nem formados há menos de 7 anos. CONCLUSÕES: Fica evidente o alto grau de formação, especialização e de atualização dos médicos auditores entrevistados. O presente estudo contribuirá para que se possa estabelecer o perfil do médico auditor brasileiro.BACKGROUND: This paper aims to determine the profile of the medical auditor in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, based upon a group of physicians who participated in the post-graduation courses of Unimed Foundation Health Auditing, in the cities of Porto Alegre and Caxias do Sul, together with other professionals performing the same activity in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. METHODS: A historical

  11. Gênero e agricultura: a situação da mulher na agricultura do Rio Grande do Sul Gender and agriculture: the situation of women in agriculture in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Brumer

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto examina as formas de inserção das mulheres na agricultura familiar, procurando explicar a seletividade de gênero do processo migratório. Primeiramente, aborda a distribuição da população, por sexo e por grupos de idade, em diversas regiões do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, caracterizando o maior índice de emigração de mulheres jovens do que dos demais grupos etários e de sexo. Depois, trata da divisão do trabalho por sexo e idade, dos efeitos da modernização sobre o trabalho agrícola, da inserção dos jovens no trabalho da unidade produtiva familiar, das atividades fora da agricultura e dos procedimentos utilizados pelos produtores agrícolas para a transmissão da propriedade rural para os filhos. Finalmente, discute o possível efeito do acesso das mulheres rurais à Previdência Rural sobre suas perspectivas de permanecer ou não na atividade agrícola.The paper examines the forms of insertion of women in the agricultural farm, with the purpose of explaining the gender selectivity of migration. Firstly, it deals with the population distribution, by sex and age groups, in different regions of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in order to characterize the higher emigration of young women in comparison with other groups. Afterwards, it deals with the division of work by sex and age, the effects of modernization upon the agricultural work and the ways in which the farmers transfer their property to the children. Finally it discusses the possible effects of the access of rural women to the Social Security on their perspectives of remaining or not in the agricultural activity.

  12. Identificação botânica e química de espécies vegetais de uso popular no Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Botanical and chemical identification of plant species of popular use in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Félix-Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Plantas medicinais são utilizadas mundialmente como uma das principais formas de cuidado primário de saúde. No entanto, a literatura indica que muitas espécies podem apresentar composição química variável, toxicidade ou difícil identificação. O objetivo do presente estudo foi obter critérios úteis para o controle de qualidade farmacognóstico das principais espécies vegetais de uso popular no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, utilizando metodologias de análise botânica (morfodiagnose macro e microscópica e química (triagem fitoquímica e cromatografia em camada delgada, evitando assim adulterações ou uso inadequado dessas plantas medicinais no estado. No total, sete espécies foram analisadas Acmella oleracea, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Lippia alba, Mentha piperita, Ocimum gratissimum, Peumus boldus e Rosmarinus officinalis. Diversos marcadores botânicos e fitoquímicos foram identificados, contribuindo dessa forma para a correta identificação destas espécies de plantas medicinais importantes no estado do Rio Grande do Norte.Medicinal plants are worldwide used as one of the main forms of primary healthcare. However, the literature indicates that many species may have variable chemical composition, toxicity, or even difficult identification. The aim of this study was to obtain useful criteria for pharmacognostic quality control of the main plant species of popular use in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, using methods of botanical (macro and microscopic morphodiagnosis and chemical (phytochemical screening and thin-layer chromatography analysis, thus preventing adulteration or inappropriate use of these medicinal plants in the state. In total, seven species were analyzed Acmella oleracea, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Lippia alba, Mentha piperita, Ocimum gratissimum, Peumus boldus and Rosmarinus officinalis. Several botanical and phytochemical markers were identified, thereby contributing to the correct identification of these

  13. Anticorpos anti-Neospora caninum em bovinos, ovinos e bubalinos no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Antibodies to Neospora caninum in cattle, sheep and water buffalo in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Silveira Flôres Vogel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A infecção pelo Neospora caninum é distribuída mundialmente e tem sido considerada uma importante causa de abortos em bovinos, que são hospedeiros intermediários do protozoário. O presente artigo relata um estudo sorológico da infecção pelo N. caninum em 1.024 amostras de bovinos, ovinos e bubalinos, oriundos de 55 propriedades em 16 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RS. Anticorpos contra o agente foram detectados por um teste imunoenzimático do tipo ELISA em 11,4% (89/781 das amostras de bovinos, em 14,6% (24/164 dos bubalinos e em 3,2% (2/62 dos ovinos. Bovinos soropositivos foram detectados em todos os municípios amostrados. Esses resultados demonstram que a infecção pelo N. caninum encontra-se amplamente difundida no rebanho bovino e também em outras espécies de ruminantes do Estado. Aliados a relatos clínicos e histopatológicos anteriores, esses resultados ressaltam a importância do N. caninum como agente etiológico de falhas reprodutivas em bovinos no RS.The infection by Neospora caninum is distributed worldwide and has been considered an important cause of abortion in cattle, which are intermediate hosts of the parasite. The present article reports an serological survey of the N.caninum infection in 1024 serum samples of cattle, sheep and water buffalo from 55 herds in 16 counties of the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS. Antibodies to the agent were detected by ELISA in 11.4% (89/781 bovine samples, in 14.6% (24/164 water buffalo and in 3.2% (2/62 sheep sera. Positive cattle were detected in all tested counties. These results demonstrate that N. caninum infection is widespread among bovine and other ruminants in the state. Taken together with previous clinical and pathological reports, these results are indicative of the importance of the parasite as the etiological agent of reproductive failure in cattle in RS.

  14. Caracterização antigênica e molecular de oito amostras do vírus da doença de Aujeszky isoladas no estado do Rio Grande do Sul em 2003 Antigenic and molecular characterization of eight samples of Aujeszky's disease virus isolated in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra D'Ávila da Silva

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Aujeszky ou pseudoraiva (DA, causada pelo vírus da pseudoraiva (PRV é a maior preocupação na produção de suínos. No estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, a DA foi somente detectada em 1954, em bovino. Em 2003, ocorreram dois surtos de encefalite em granjas na região norte do estado, fronteira com o estado de Santa Catarina. O vírus da doença de Aujeszky (VDA foi isolado a partir de animais coletados em oito granjas distintas da região e submetido a análises antigênicas e moleculares. As amostras de VDA isoladas foram comparadas com as amostras padrão NIA-3 e NP. A caracterização antigênica dos mesmos foi realizada com testes de imunoperoxidase frente a um painel de anticorpos mono-clonais (Mabs preparado contra epitopos de glicoproteinas virais (gB, gC, gD e gE. A caracterização genômica foi realizada através da análise restrição enzimática (REA sobre o genoma total das amostras, com a enzima de restrição (REA Bam HI. O perfil antigênico das oito amostras isoladas no Rio Grande do Sul, bem como os apresentados pelas amostras padrão NIA-3 e NP, foram similares. A REA revelou que todos as oito amostras do Rio Grande do Sul apresentaram um arranjo genômico do tipo II, genótipo frequentemente encontrado em surtos prévios de DA em outros estados do Brasil. Os resultados aqui obtidos indicam que as oito amostras isoladas no Rio Grande do Sul são similares.Pseudorabies or Aujeszky's disease (AD, caused by pseudorabies virus (PRV is a major concern in swine production. In the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, AD was only detected in 1954, in cattle. In 2003 two outbreaks of encephalitis occurred on the northern region of the state, close to the border with the state of Santa Catarina. Pseudorabies virus (PRV was isolated from distinct farms within the region and subjected to antigenic and genomic analyses. These isolates were compared with prototype strains NIA-3 and NP. Antigenic characterization with a

  15. Abiquiu Dam and Reservoir, Rio Grande Basin, Rio Chama, New Mexico. Embankment Criteria and Performance Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    EMBANKMENT CRITERIA AND PERFORMANCE REPORT PERTINENT DATA 1. General Data. LOCATION: Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, on the Rio Chama at river mile 33. PURPOSE...is located across the Rio Chama, approximately 30 miles upstream from its confluence with the Rio Grande, in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. The dam is...6600- 4 i ’. 6600 65060- -60 6600- a + v6500s-go FA**v~w -6500 6300- 60 - ~ ~ ~ wo Ala filll------------------ EMBNKEN SECTION62 *LDN WOR SAFEL VAIE

  16. Encontro de Haemagogus (Conopostegus leucocelaenus (Diptera: Culicidae, no Município de Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Finding of Haemagogus (Conopostegus leucocelaenus (Diptera: Culicidae, in the municipality of Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almério de Castro Gomes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Em novembro de 2006, foi realizada uma investigação entomológica numa mata nativa do município de Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. O resultado foi a captura de várias espécies Culicidae, incluindo o primeiro registro da presença de Haemagogus leucocelaenus na localidade. Esta espécie é considerada vetora do vírus da febre amarela em alguns municípios do Estado, motivando esta comunicação para alertar sobre o potencial da área para circulação do agente etiológico desta doença.In November 2006, an entomological investigation was carried out in a native forest in the municipality of Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul. The result was the capture of several Culicidae species, including the first recording of the presence of Haemagogus leucocelaenus in this locality. This species is considered to be a vector for the yellow fever virus in some municipalities of this State, and this was the motivation for the present communication, in order to warn regarding the potential of this area for circulation of the etiological agent for this disease.

  17. Novos registros de Eunotia Ehrenberg (Eunotiaceae-Bacillariophyta para o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul e Brasil New reports of Eunotia Ehrenberg (Eunotiaceae-Bacillariophyta for Rio Grande do Sul State and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Brugalli Bicca

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar as características morfológicas, e/ou estruturais e métricas de 12 espécies de Eunotia (E. batavica A. Berg, E. deficiens Metz., Lange-Bert & García-Rodr., E. genuflexa Nörpel-Sch., E. hepaticola Lang-Bert. & Wydrz., E. herzogii Krasske, E. mucophila (Lange-Bert., Nörpel-Sch. & Alles Lange-Bert., E. pileus Ehr., E. pirla Carter & Flower, E. schwabei Krasske, E. subarcuatoides Alles, Nörpel-Sch. & Lange-Bert., E. transfuga Metz. & Lange-Bert. e E. yanomami Metz. & Lange-Bert. encontradas nas áreas da Lagoa do Casamento e dos Butiazais de Tapes, entre as coordenadas 30º10'-30º40'S e 50º30'-51º30'W, na Planície Costeira do Rio Grande do Sul. São incluídos comentários sobre a distribuição e os ambientes onde os táxons foram encontrados.This paper presents the morphological and/or structural and mensurable characteristics of 12 Eunotia species (E. batavica A. Berg, E. deficiens Metz., Lange-Bert. & García-Rodr., E. genuflexa Nörpel-Sch., E. hepaticola Lang-Bert. & Wydrz., E. herzogii Krasske, E. mucophila (Lange-Bert., Nörpel-Sch. & Alles Lange-Bert., E. pileus Ehr., E. pirla Carter & Flower, E. schwabei Krasske, E. subarcuatoides Alles, Nörpel-Sch. & Lange-Bert., E. transfuga Metz. & Lange-Bert. and E. yanomami Metz. & Lange-Bert. found in the Lagoa do Casamento and Butiazais de Tapes areas, between 30º10'-30º40'S and 50º30'-51º30'W, on the Rio Grande do Sul State Coastal Plain. Comments on distribution and habitats where the taxons are found are included.

  18. Synopsis of Dorstenia (Moraceae in Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna De Oliveira Boeni

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A taxonomic synopsis of Dorstenia (Moraceae in Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Southern Brazil, is presented. Three species were recorded: D. brasiliensis, D. carautae, a new record for the state of RS, and D. tenuis. All species are described and illustrated through detailed photos of living specimens. A taxonomic key to separate the species, as well as details on distribution, overall phenology, habitat, conservation status and ecology are presented.

  19. Survey of hydrologic models and hydrologic data needs for tracking flow in the Rio Grande, north-central New Mexico, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillery, Anne; Eggleston, Jack R.

    2012-01-01

    The six Middle Rio Grande Pueblos have prior and paramount rights to deliveries of water from the Rio Grande for their use. When the pueblos or the Bureau of Indian Affairs Designated Engineer identifies a need for additional flow on the Rio Grande, the Designated Engineer is tasked with deciding the timing and amount of releases of prior and paramount water from storage at El Vado Reservoir to meet the needs of the pueblos. Over the last three decades, numerous models have been developed by Federal, State, and local agencies in New Mexico to simulate, understand, and (or) manage flows in the Middle Rio Grande upstream from Elephant Butte Reservoir. In 2008, the Coalition of Six Middle Rio Grande Basin Pueblos entered into a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Geological Survey to conduct a comprehensive survey of these hydrologic models and their capacity to quantify and track various components of flow. The survey of hydrologic models provided in this report will help water-resource managers at the pueblos, as well as the Designated Engineer, make informed water-resource-management decisions that affect the prior and paramount water use. Analysis of 4 publicly available surface-water models and 13 publicly available groundwater models shows that, although elements from many models can be helpful in tracking flow in the Rio Grande, numerous data gaps and modeling needs indicate that accurate, consistent, and timely tracking of flow on the Rio Grande could be improved. Deficient or poorly constrained hydrologic variables are sources of uncertainty in hydrologic models that can be reduced with the acquisition of more refined data. Data gaps need to be filled to allow hydrologic models to be run on a real-time basis and thus ensure predictable water deliveries to meet needs for irrigation, domestic, stock, and other water uses. Timeliness of flow-data reporting is necessary to facilitate real-time model simulation, but even daily data are sometimes difficult to

  20. Limits to co-combustion of coal and eucalyptus due to water availability in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoffmann, Bettina Susanne; Szklo, Alexandre; Schaeffer, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Brazil holds reserves of high ash coal that can only be used in mine-mouth plants. • Water scarcity requires the use of wet or dry cooling systems in several regions. • The co-firing of 30 wt% eucalyptus is possible regarding the biomass availability. • Biomass cultivation would aggravate the water scarcity in several regions. - Abstract: Brazil has favorable edaphoclimatic conditions for the cultivation of biomass for energy. On the other hand, the country plans to expand its thermal power park using fossil fuels, including Brazil’s high ash coal. This study estimates the potential of co-firing biomass from energy forests in power plants fired with Brazilian coal in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, focusing on the limits given by biomass and water availability. Results show that the state holds coal reserves that could support a potential of approximately 8 GW. Referring to limits due to water availability, different outcomes were found for the various coal fields in Rio Grande do Sul. The Candiota coal field, which represents the most important coal field, holding a capacity of 4 GW, shows severe restrictions for water availability that would be aggravated by intense eucalyptus cultivation

  1. Bibliometric analysis of undergraduate final research projects in Nutrition courses in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taiana Brito MENÊZES

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the profile of academic production of undergraduates in Nutrition courses in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Methods: The bibliometric study was conducted with undergraduate final research projects from five courses in Nutrition in the state of Rio Grande do Norte during 2013 and 2014. The following variables were collected: institution, title of project, number of authors, academic degree of the advisor, study design, area of study interest, type of study, study setting, submission to the ethics committee, and keywords. Pearson's Chi-square test was used to assess the variable area of study interest with a significance level at p≤0.05 and 95% confidence interval. Results: Of the 195 projects analyzed, 79.0% were developed at universities. We found a higher frequency of academic articles (68.2% developed by a single student (65.6%, advised by a professor with a Masters degree (57.9%, with a cross-sectional study design (48.2%, and without submission to the research ethics committee (49.2%. The mean adequacy of keywords was 50.0%. Conclusion: The quantitative approach was the most predominant characteristic of the final research projects and the most frequently researched area of knowledge was public health. The methodological approaches of the research projects were considered weak, which suggests the need to improve the quality of scientific methodology during undergraduate studies, considering the important benefits derive from researches as an active methodology.

  2. Germanidade e banhos medicinais nos primórdios dos balneários no Rio Grande do Sul Germanism and medicinal bathing in the early days of health resorts in Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvio Marcus de Souza Correa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Nos primórdios dos balneários no Rio Grande do Sul, encontravam-se alguns imigrantes alemães, não apenas entre os banhistas, mas também entre os empresários do incipiente ramo do curismo-turismo. Era um grupo pequeno de imigrantes de origem urbana que, em geral, já conhecia as vantagens curativas ou revigorantes dos banhos em balneários europeus. Entre eles destacavam-se os médicos, importantes emissores de um discurso científico em prol dos balneários. As práticas terapêuticas de banhos de mar chegaram ao Brasil meridional pela imigração européia da segunda metade do século XIX, embora sua difusão só tenha ocorrido na primeira metade do século seguinte, quando se desenvolveram as primeiras praias balneárias no Rio Grande do Sul.In the early days of bathing resorts some German immigrants were found not only among the bathers, but also among the entrepreneurs of the incipient branch of 'curism-tourism'. It was a small group of immigrants of urban origin who, in general, already knew the curative or reinvigorating advantages of the baths in European bathing resorts. Among them, doctors were prominent, important emissaries of a scientific discourse in favor of bathing resorts. The therapeutic practices of bathing in the sea arrived to meridional Brazil with the European immigration of the second half of the nineteenth century, although its diffusion only took place in the first half of the following century, when the first bathing beaches in Rio Grande do Sul were developed.

  3. Pequena monografia sobre o Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Pinho

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Pequena monografia desenvolvida por membros do Colégio Sevigne, que versa sobre diversos assuntos a respeito do Rio Grande do Sul, divididos em histórico, fronteiras, organização política administrativa, características geográficas, formação geomorfológica, economia, aspectos históricos e geográficos da capital do Estado, generalidades étnicas, e sobre o gaúcho em si. Grande quantidade de ilustrações e poemas enriquecem o artigo.

  4. Rio Branco, grand strategy and naval power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Alsina Jr.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses Baron of Rio Branco's grand strategy and the role played by the naval reorganization program (1904-1910 in this context. The ensuing case study determined the domestic and international constraints that affected the program, as well as the worldview of the patron of Brazilian diplomacy regarding military power's instrumentality to foreign policy.

  5. Middle Rio Grande Basin Research Report 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch; Catherine Dold

    2008-01-01

    An ecosystem is rarely static. A natural system composed of plants, animals, and microorganisms interacting with an area's physical factors, an ecosystem is always fluctuating and evolving. But sometimes, often at the hands of humans, ecosystems change too much. Such is the case with many of the ecosystems of the Middle Rio Grande Basin of New Mexico.

  6. Pitiose cutânea em bovinos na região Sul do Rio Grande do Sul Cutaneous pythiosis in cattle in the Southern region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiane B. Grecco

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se a ocorrência de pitiose cutânea em bovinos de corte na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Os animais foram introduzidos em área alagada e desenvolveram lesões cutâneas ulcerativas e úmidas, de tamanhos variados, localizadas na região distal dos membros e no chanfro nasal. Histologicamente, as lesões eram caracterizadas por múltiplos granulomas com hifas intralesionais, melhor observadas pela coloração de metenamina nitrato de prata de Gomori, e circundadas por abundante tecido conjuntivo fibroso. O diagnóstico foi realizado com base na epidemiologia, lesões macroscópicas e histológicas e pela reação imuno-histoquímica positiva com anticorpo policlonal anti-Pythium insidiosum. A morbidade foi de 23,8% e os animais adoeceram 15-90 dias após a introdução na área alagada. Em todos os casos as lesões evoluíram para a cura sem tratamento. Sugere-se que a doença possa ser mais frequente em bovinos do que se supõe, principalmente em áreas alagadas da região Sul do Rio Grande do Sul.An outbreak of cutaneous pythiosis is described in cattle from southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Cattle were introduced into flooded pastures and developed ulcerative and wet cutaneous lesions on distal limbs and Planum nasale. Histologically, the lesions were characterized by multiple granulomas with intralesional hyphae, better seen in the methenamine silver stain, and surrounded by abundant fibrous tissue. Diagnosis was based on epidemiology, gross and histological lesions, and by positive immuno-histochemical reaction with anti-Pythium insidiosum polyclonal antibody. Morbidity was 23.8% and lesions were observed 15-90 days after cattle were introduced in the flooded area. Affected cattle had spontaneous healing without treatment. It is suggested that the disease is more frequent than what was earlier thought, mainly in flooded areas of the Southern region of the Rio Grande do Sul State.

  7. Impressionismo no Rio Grande do Sul: luz e sombras de Oscar Boeira = Impressionism in Rio Grande do Sul: light and shadows of Oscar Boeira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa, Fernanda Soares da

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho busca traçar a trajetória do pintor gaúcho Oscar Boeira (1883-1943 no campo das artes plásticas no Rio Grande do Sul. Importante artista de sua época possui os maiores expoentes de sua carreira inspirados pela arte impressionista. Com obras inovadoras traz um olhar diferenciado e sensível, de relevância, a ser compreendido e estudado. Seu caminho nas artes, suas pinturas de paisagem e retrato, bem como seus desenhos traçam aspectos da sociedade rio-grandense do início do século XX, período este em que ocorrem transformações socioeconômicas significativas para a sociedade gaúcha, sendo que a arte carrega grande influencia de sua época e de seus indivíduos. Vida e obra de Boeira são trazidas para melhor compreendermos sua arte e sua atuação nesse campo. Sua forma de ser e de ver o mundo influencia não só em suas produções, nos reflete peculiaridades desta figura importante para as artes plásticas do Rio Grande do Sul, que até hoje pouco estudado, merece um olhar mais aprofundado em seu legado

  8. Molecular analysis of the iap gene of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from cheeses in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Análise molecular do gene iap de Listeria monocytogenes isoladas de queijos no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozi Fagundes de Mello

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The polymorphic region sequences in the iap gene were analyzed in 25 strains of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from cheeses in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, and compared with reference strains. This investigation distinguished two clusters of L. monocytogenes: I (20 strains and II (5 strains.A seqüência da região polimórfica do gene iap foi analisada em 25 cepas de Listeria monocytogenes isoladas de queijo no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul e comparadas com cepas referências. Esta investigação distinguiu L. monocytogenes em dois grupos: I (20 cepas e II (5 cepas.

  9. Rich in Rio Grande do Sul and MRPA: PNADS 1992, 2002 and 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane Ferreira da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to characterize the rich in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS and in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre (MRPA based on a national survey named Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra e Domicílio (PNAD, in 1992, 2002 and 2007. The results show for both Rio Grande do Sul and MRPA that the rich are men, living in urban areas, with 15 years or more of education and are divided in two groups of income: those who earn between 10 and 20 minimum wages monthly and those who earn more than 20 minimum wages monthly. Most of the rich is concentrated in the RMPA. In both groups of income the rich are, at least, graduated, which means 15 years of education and those who earn more than 20 minimum wages monthly usually work more hours per week, explaining to some extent their higher income.

  10. JUDGMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE: WHICH ASPECTS RELATE WITH APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stênnia Maria Ferreira de Brito

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify factors that relate to the judgment of political parties accountability operating in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Twenty-four political parties with directory in the state were selected considering those who have had their accounts judged between 2006 to 2013. In order to determine which factors are related to the trial of party accounts, logistic regression were considered for the analysis. Independent variables were the total revenues received by the party (in logarithm, dummy for political parties with or without the resources of the party fund and dummy for years that there were state elections, while the trial of the accounts of parties (approval / disapproval is dependent variable. The results show that only the dummy's Party Fund positively influence the judgments of the annual accounts parties. Thus, it is understood that the parties receiving public funds are more likely to provide better information and, therefore, have its accounts approved by the Unidade Técnica do Tribunal Regional Eleitoral do Rio Grande do Norte. Moreover, one can even say that the parties receiving such government help have a trend or an indication of concern with the concept of accountability, since the party fund is a public resource. It is recommended that future studies address other indicators, for example, liquidity, debt and profitability. Moreover, as also proxies related to the disclosure of financial statements, number of persons elected by party in relation to the number of candidates and party members number could become plausible indicators for future research that would use the same methodology. In addition, replicate this metodology to other states for comparative issues, and even use the same methodology at national level could be aspects of research to be worked for the future.

  11. Taxonomic synopsis and analytical key for the genera of Solanaceae from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sinopse taxonômica e chave ilustrada dos gêneros de Solanaceae ocorrentes no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Luís de Carvalho Soares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This work consists of a taxonomic synopsis of the genera of Solanaceae in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Solanaceae is represented by 28 genera in this state: Acnistus Schott, Athenaea Sendtn., Aureliana Sendtn., Bouchetia Dunal, Browalia L., Brugmansia Pers., Brunfelsia L., Calibrachoa La Llave & Lex., Capsicum L., Cestrum L., Datura L., Dyssochroma Miers, Grabowskia Schltdl., Jaborosa Juss., Lycianthes (Dunal Hassl., Melananthus Walp., Nicandra Adans., Nicotiana L., Nierembergia Ruiz & Pav., Petunia Juss., Physalis L., Salpichroa Miers, Schwenckia L., Sessea Ruiz & Pav., Solandra Sw., Solanum L. (including Cyphomandra Sendtn. and Lycopersicon Mill., Streptosolen Miers and Vassobia Rusby. Of these, 23 consist of native species , while five are represented exclusively by introduced species. The total number of species is 149, of which 118 are native and 31 are introduced (adventitious or cultivated. An identification key for genera, and also comments on the most relevant taxonomic characters of each one are presented, plus comments on the species that occur in Rio Grande do Sul state.Este trabalho consiste em uma sinopse taxonômica dos gêneros de Solanaceae no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Constatou-se a ocorrência de 28 gêneros: Acnistus Schott, Athenaea Sendtn., Aureliana Sendtn., Bouchetia Dunal, Browalia L., Brugmansia Pers., Brunfelsia L., Calibrachoa La Llave & Lex., Capsicum L., Cestrum L., Datura L., Dyssochroma Miers, Grabowskia Schltdl., Jaborosa Juss., Lycianthes (Dunal Hassl., Melananthus Walp., Nicandra Adans., Nicotiana L., Nierembergia Ruiz & Pav., Petunia Juss., Physalis L., Salpichroa Miers, Schwenckia L., Sessea Ruiz & Pav., Solandra Sw., Solanum L. (incluindo Cyphomandra Sendtn. e Lycopersicon Mill., Streptosolen Miers e Vassobia Rusby. Destes, 23 apresentam espécies nativas, enquanto cinco estão representados exclusivamente por espécies introduzidas. O número total de espécies é de 149, sendo que 118 s

  12. Novos registros do gênero Trachelomonas Ehr. (Euglenophyceae no Parque Estadual Delta do Jacuí e no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil New records for the genus Trachelomonas Ehr. (Euglenophyceae in Jacuí Delta State Park, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Maria Alves-da-Silva

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O levantamento do gênero Trachelomonas Ehr. (Euglenophyceae em 26 corpos d´água da área do Parque Estadual Delta do Jacuí, localizado a 29º 56' e 30º 03'S, 5lº l2' e 51º 25'W, resultou no registro de nove novas citações de espécies de Trachelomonas Ehr. para o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, são elas: Trachelomonas abrupta Swir. emend. Defl. var. obesa (Playf. Defl. T. conica Playf., Trachelomonas duquei Conf. & Nudelman, Trachelomonas megalacantha Cunha var. crenulatocollis Bour. & Manguin, Trachelomonas verrucosa Stockes var. granulosa (Playf. Hub.-Pest., Trachelomonas zingeri Roll, três são ainda novos registros para o país: Trachelomonas cylindraceae f. cylindraceae (Playf. Pop., Trachelomonas helvetica Lemm. emend. Defl. e Trachelomonas splendidissima Middelhoek. São apresentadas descrições, ilustrações, comentários, distribuição geográfica e a amplitude de condições ambientais em que cada táxon foi encontrado.A study of the genus Trachelomonas Ehr. (Euglenophyceae in 26 water bodies at Jacuí Delta State Park near the state capital of Rio Grande do Sul (29º56', 30º03'S; 51º12', 51º18'W revealed nine new records of Trachelomonas species for this state, as follows: Trachelomonas abrupta Swir. emend. Defl. var. obesa (Playf. Defl., T. conica Playf., Trachelomonas duquei Conf. & Nudelman, Trachelomonas megalacantha Cunha var. crenulatocollis Bour. & Manguin, Trachelomonas verrucosa Stockes var. granulosa (Playf. Hub.-Pest., Trachelomonas zingeri Roll; three are new records for Brazil: Trachelomonas cylindraceae f. cylindraceae (Playf. Pop., Trachelomonas helvetica Lemm. emend. Defl. and Trachelomonas splendidissima Middelhoek. Descriptions, illustrations, comments, geographic distribution and the range of environmental conditions in which each taxon was found are presented.

  13. State of Flood Related Modeling Along Middle Rio Grande: Report Documentary 2007-2008 Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    Bosque Environment (CBE) Title Prepared By Rio Grande Silvery Minnow Sanctuary Proposed Site, 1-D HEC - RAS Model of Area of Interest Jonathan Acbuchon...Erosion Jennifer G. Duan Case Study: Application of the HEC -6 Model for the Main Stem of the Kankakee River in Illinois Nani G. Bhowmik, D.WRE...1 bank-attached bar HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS One-dimensional HEC - RAS models – Fixed-bed analysis – Calibrated to gauged flow at time of survey and 2005

  14. Sementes nocivas que ocorreram em amostras de sementes de azevém (Lolium multiflorum, analisadas no Rio Grande do Sul nos anos de 1978 e 1979 Weed seeds in ryegrass seeds, analysed in Rio Grande do Sul, during 1978 and 1979

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Giaretta

    1984-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram levantadas informações sobre a qualidade da semente de azevém utilizadas no Rio Grande do Sul e produzida no próprio Estado ou em outras uni dades da Federação e mesmo em outros Países, nos anos de 1978 e 1979. Estas informações foram obtidas através de fichas e Boletins de Análise de Sementes dos Laboratórios de Análise de Sementes (LAS do Rio Grande do Sul. Em 1978 analisou-se 2.319 t de azevém sendo 74% da semente oriunda do Rio Grande do Sul e 26% introduzida, enquanto que das 4.772 t analisadas em 1979 99,6% são do Rio Grande do Sul e 0,4% são introduzidas. O percentual de sementes de azevém, produzidas no Estado, contaminadas com sementes nocivas foi de 61,5% em 1978 e de 60,0% em 1979; e o de sementes int roduzidas no Estado foi de 45,6% em 1978 e de 29,4%em 1979. Foi observado que ent re as sementes originárias do RS destacaram -se com maior ocorrênci a em 1978 as espécies nocivas de Silene gallica, Setaria geniculata, Anthemis cotula, Digitaria adscendens e Echinochloa spp, enquanto que nas sementes int roduzidas desta caram-se Sida spp e Rumex spp; em 1979, na semente oriunda do Estado desta caram-se Amaranthus spp, Silene gallica e Setaria geniculata, enquanto que nas sementes introduzidas a maior ocorrência foi de Setaria geniculata, Echinochloa spp e Solanum spp.This paper presents a quality record of rye-grass seeds produced in Rio Grande do Sul or imported from other countries. It refers to the presence of weeds in ryegrass during 1978 and 1979. These record were obtained in the Analysis Bulletins at the Seed Analysis Laboratory of the Instituto de Pesquisas Agronômicas (IPAGRO Rio Grande do Sul°Brasil and in those from other institutions. This State produced 74% of 2.319 t analysed seeds and 26% come from other places in 1978. In 1979 4.772 t were registred, 99,6% from here and 0,4% from outside. The percentage of ryegrass seeds contaminated with weed seeds produced in the State, in 1978, were 61

  15. Progress on the palynostratigraphy of the Permian strata in Rio Grande do Sul State, Paraná Basin, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza Paulo A.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of published papers and results of analysis of new material have allowed improvements on the palynostratigraphy of the Permian strata of the Paraná Basin in Rio Grande do Sul State. Based on first and last occurrences of certain species of pollen taxa, two palynozones are formalized, these are the Vittatina costabilis and Lueckisporites virkkiae Interval Zones, in ascending order. The Vittatina costabilis Interval Zone is subdivided into two units, in ascending order the Protohaploxypinus goraiensis and the Hamiapollenites karrooensis Subzones, and is recognized from the glacial (Itararé Group and post-glacial sequence (Rio Bonito Formation and the base of the Palermo Formation. The Lueckisporites virkkiae Interval Zone occurs from the uppermost Rio Bonito Formation, through the Palermo and Irati formations, and into the Serra Alta and Teresina formations. The main characteristics and reference sections are established, as well as additional criteria to recognize biostratigraphical units, in accordance with the International Stratigraphic Guide. Palynostratigraphical correlation suggests that the Vittatina costabilis Zone concerns the Early Permian (early Cisuralian, while the Lueckisporites virkkiae is regarded as late Early Permian to early Middle Permian (late Cisularian to early Guadalupian.

  16. [Femicide in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: gender iniquities in dying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneghel, Stela Nazareth; Margarites, Ane Freitas

    2017-12-18

    Femicide is the murder of women as the result of gender inequalities. It is the most extreme form of violence against women. The theoretical and methodological frame of reference used in this study was patriarchy theory and critical discourse analysis. We analyzed the discourses from 64 police inquiries categorized as femicides in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, from 2006 to 2010. The victims were mostly poor young women living in outlying areas of the city with high rates of prostitution and women murdered by the drug traffic, deaths not routinely classified as femicides by the police. Many inquiries were shelved for purported lack of evidence, and many other cases were not even started. The discourse in the police reports often demeaned and blamed the victims, although some criticized the inequalities between men and women and identified the lethal effects of male chauvinism. Police inquiries are important sources for studying femicide in society, adding abundant information on the crimes' victims, perpetrators, and scenarios.

  17. The sacrifice of animals in Afro-Brasilian religions: analysis of a recent controversy in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Pedro Oro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses a controversy in Rio Grande do Sul, involving the local Afro-religious community, after the State Assembly approved a State Code for the Protection of Animals, which could jeopardize the ritual practice of sacrificing animals in "terreiros". We examine the different standpoints on animal sacrifice in Afro-religious rituals on the part of the main actors and institutions involved, as well as the repercussions of such debates in Brazil and abroad. The controversy is an opportunity for discussing the limits of religious freedom in Brazil.

  18. Análise da publicidade de medicamentos veiculada em emissoras de rádio do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Analysis of non-prescription drug radio advertising in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Heineck

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available As propagandas de medicamentos veiculadas nas principais rádios do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, foram analisadas no período de agosto de 1995 a janeiro de 1996. Durante o período de observação foram documentadas 250 peças publicitárias referentes a 28 produtos. A maioria destas propagandas (>80% não apresenta declarações quanto ao nome genérico, à composição, à posologia e ao laboratório fabricante do produto, infringindo, dessa forma, a legislação vigente no país. Além disso, um número significativo das peças publicitárias (39% enfatizam a ausência de quaisquer riscos, mediante declarações como "Não tem contra-indicações", caracterizando a indução ao uso indiscriminado. A análise mostra que os medicamentos são promovidos como produtos quaisquer, omitindo-se informações fundamentais a respeito de cuidados, reações adversas e contra-indicações.Drug advertisements for non-prescription (over-the-counter drugs on the main radio stations in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were analyzed as to the information provided about generic names, pharmaceutical company, composition, and dosage. From August 1995 to January 1996, 250 advertisements for 28 products were recorded. More than 80% of these advertisements provided no information on these topics and thus failed to comply with Brazilian legislation. On the contrary, a large number of advertisements (39% emphasize absence of risks, with claims such as "no contraindications", inducing consumers to use such drugs indiscriminately. The study showed that drugs were advertised like any other merchandise, with no concern over fundamental information such as product identification, precautions, and possible side effects.

  19. Evaluation and path analysis the value of milk in stats of Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul / Avaliação e análise de trilha do valor do leite nos estados do Paraná e Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maicon Carard

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the conduct and path analysis the series of historical value of milk in stats of Parana and Rio Grande do Sul. The database was composed of historical series of amounts paid to the litre of milk in real, general price index, exchange rate, value of a litre of milk in dollars, value of the bag of maize, soya and wheat in real draws for the states of Parana and Rio Grande do Sul. Statistical analysis of the data involved path analysis and analysis of variance average, the test Tukey at 5% probability. It was observed that the greatest historical value of the value of milk in the state of Rio Grande do Sul was for the years 2007 with an average of R$ 0.60 and 2008 with average value of R$ 0.64. The value of a litre of milk in the state of Parana was significantly higher (P O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o comportamento e análise de trilha da série histórica do valor do leite nos estados do Paraná e Rio Grande do Sul. O banco de dados foi composto das séries históricas dos valores pagos ao litro de leite em reais, índice geral de preços, taxa de câmbio, valor do litro de leite em dólar, valor da saca de milho, soja e trigo em reais para os estados do Paraná e Rio Grande do Sul. A análise estatística dos dados envolveu análise de trilha e análise de variância das médias, pelo teste de Tukey ao nível de 5% de probabilidade. Observou-se que o maior valor histórico do valor do leite no estado do Rio Grande do Sul foi para os anos de 2007 com média de R$ 0,60 e 2008 com valor médio de R$ 0,64. O valor do litro de leite no estado do Paraná foi significativamente maior (P < 0,05 em 2007 e 2008 com médias de R$ 0,61 e R$ 0,64. Foram observadas diferenças significativas nos valores médios mensais do valor pago ao litro de leite nos estados. O valor da saca de trigo no estado do Paraná teve um elevado efeito direto de correlação de 0,7698 no valor do leite e o valor da saca de soja

  20. Geomorphic evolution of the San Luis Basin and Rio Grande in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruleman, Chester A.; Machette, Michael; Thompson, Ren A.; Miggins, Dan M; Goehring, Brent M; Paces, James B.

    2016-01-01

    The San Luis Basin encompasses the largest structural and hydrologic basin of the Rio Grande rift. On this field trip, we will examine the timing of transition of the San Luis Basin from hydrologically closed, aggrading subbasins to a continuous fluvial system that eroded the basin, formed the Rio Grande gorge, and ultimately, integrated the Rio Grande from Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico. Waning Pleistocene neotectonic activity and onset of major glacial episodes, in particular Marine Isotope Stages 11–2 (~420–14 ka), induced basin fill, spillover, and erosion of the southern San Luis Basin. The combined use of new geologic mapping, fluvial geomorphology, reinterpreted surficial geology of the Taos Plateau, pedogenic relative dating studies, 3He surface exposure dating of basalts, and U-series dating of pedogenic carbonate supports a sequence of events wherein pluvial Lake Alamosa in the northern San Luis Basin overflowed, and began to drain to the south across the closed Sunshine Valley–Costilla Plain region ≤400 ka. By ~200 ka, erosion had cut through topographic highs at Ute Mountain and the Red River fault zone, and began deep-canyon incision across the southern San Luis Basin. Previous studies indicate that prior to 200 ka, the present Rio Grande terminated into a large bolson complex in the vicinity of El Paso, Texas, and systematic, headward erosional processes had subtly integrated discontinuously connected basins along the eastern flank of the Rio Grande rift and southern Rocky Mountains. We propose that the integration of the entire San Luis Basin into the Rio Grande drainage system (~400–200 ka) was the critical event in the formation of the modern Rio Grande, integrating hinterland basins of the Rio Grande rift from El Paso, Texas, north to the San Luis Basin with the Gulf of Mexico. This event dramatically affected basins southeast of El Paso, Texas, across the Chisos Mountains and southeastern Basin and Range province, including the Rio

  1. Evaluation of natural foci of Panstrongylus megistus in a forest fragment in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Eloy dos Santos Jr

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Panstrongylus megistus is commonly found in wild environments of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The aim of this study was to characterize the network of refuges used by triatomine in a forest fragment of Porto Alegre and to identify Trypanosoma cruzi infection, associated hosts and the epidemiological importance of both hosts and triatomines. Methods Techniques including the spool-and-line method and active searching (transects were used to identify natural foci. Results The food source for each triatomine was determined using the precipitin test, and the infection of marsupials was determined by xenodiagnosis. A total of 33 adults (domestic environment and 27 nymphs (wild environment of P. megistus were found in addition to 43 Didelphis albiventris specimens. The infection rates of triatomine adults, triatomine nymphs and opossums with T. cruzi I were 64%, 73% and 69%, respectively. Birds, rodents and opossums were the main resources used by triatomine. Conclusions This work presents the first characterization of a natural focus of P. megistus in Rio Grande do Sul. The natural characteristics of this focus and its implication in the transmission of T. cruzi are discussed.

  2. Contribution to a macromycete survey of the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Sobestiansky

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Collections of macromycetes made in seven municipalities in southern Brazil, viz. six in Rio Grande do Sul and one in Santa Catarina, are listed. They belonged to the Myxomycota (6 spp., Ascomycota (54 spp. and Basidiomycota (189 spp.. First records for Brazil could be Battarrea phalloides, Amanita rubescens, Boletus edulis and Mycena filopes, the last three found under exotic Pinus.São listadas as coletas executadas pelo autor em sete municípios no sul do Brasil, sendo seis no estado de Rio Grande do Sul e um no estado de Santa Catarina. Pertencem à Myxomycota (6 espécies, Ascomycota (54 espécies e Basidiomycota (189 espécies. Primeiros registros para o Brasil são aparentemente: Battarrea phalloides, Amanita rubescens, Boletus edulis e Mycena filopes, as últimas três encontradas sob espécies de Pinus.

  3. Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico da zona sul do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Roney Tagliani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The environmental licensing is one of management tools established by the Environmental National Policy in Brazil that is being implemented in the scale of the municipalities in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The licensing, in this context, will only be possible if the municipalities meet the requirements demanded by the State’s Environmental Agency. One of them is the ecological and economical zoning (ZEE, a very difficult task to perform due to lack of technical personnel in the municipalities and the difficulty of integrating legal, inter institutional and scientific data to their realization. The Federal University of Rio Grande has drafted a proposal of ZEE to the 22 municipalities that together make up the southern part of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. After a technical meeting with professionals from various related subject areas, a methodology to be applied for the development of the proposal was defined. This includes the identification and characterization of basic territorial units with the aid of a Geographical Information System, for which shall be defined goals, guidelines, potential and usage restrictions, based on their vulnerabilities and/or environmental weaknesses. The regional mapping was presented at the scale of 1: 100,000 and should be used as a basis for further details on the municipal scale.

  4. Enterotoxemia em caprinos no Rio Grande do Sul Caprine enterotoxaemia in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson M. Colodel

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available São descritos surtos de enterotoxemia em caprinos em cinco propriedades no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os animais afetados eram, normalmente, encontrados mortos ou apresentavam evolução aguda de 2 a 3 horas com acentuada depressão, cólicas abdominais e diarréia profusa com fibrina. Em duas propriedades relataram-se casos com a evolução de até 12 horas. Em treze animais necropsiados observaram-se aumento de líquidos nas cavidades abdominal, torácica e pericárdica, congestão e hiperemia da serosa e mucosa do intestino, conteúdo do cólon líquido com fibrina além de hemorragias de serosa e fibrina. Em um animal constatou-se microangiopatia cerebral caracterizada por acúmulo de material homogêneo e eosinofílico no espaço perivascular. No conteúdo intestinal, colônias com bastonetes morfológica e bioquimicamente sugestivos de Clostridium perfringens foram caracterizadas no estudo bacteriológico. A soroneutralização em camundongos com conteúdo intestinal dos animais afetados, revelou a presença da toxina épsilon. Estes achados evidenciam a enterotoxemia como doença de importância para criação de caprinos no Rio Grande do Sul.Five outbreaks of caprine enterotoxaemia in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were studied. The animals were found dead or had a clinical course that usually lasted 2-3 hours. From two farms a clinical manifestation period of 12 hours was reported. Clinical signs were characterized by depression, marked abdominal discomfort, profuse watery diarrhea with fibrin clots, and death. Thirteen necropsies were performed and hydropericardium, hydrothorax and hydroperitoneum were commonly found. The mucosa and serosa of the colon were congested, and its contents was watery with multiple fibrin clots. Serosal hemorrhages and fibrin clots in the gallbladder were also seen. Fibrinous colitis and thyphilitis were the most frequent histological changes. Cerebral microangiopathy was observed in one case, which was

  5. Porta-enxertos para a tangerineira 'Michal' no Rio Grande do Sul Rootstocks for 'Michal' tangerine in Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Cesar Brugnara

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available A tangerineira 'Michal' (Citrus clementina x C. tangerina poderá ser uma boa alternativa ao Rio Grande do Sul como cultivar copa para produção de frutos em época precoce. No entanto, há falta de informações sobre seu comportamento em cultivo nas condições ambientais desse Estado. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desenvolvimento das plantas, a produção e a qualidade dos frutos da tangerineira 'Michal' enxertada sobre cinco porta-enxertos: citrangeiro 'Troyer', citrumeleiro 'Swingle', limoeiro 'Cravo', tangerineira 'Sunki' e trifoliata 'Flying Dragon', na Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: a altura das plantas, a circunferência do tronco, a área de projeção da copa (APC, o número e a massa (MF de frutos produzidos, a relação MF/APC (IP, o teor de sólidos solúveis totais (SST, a acidez total titulável (ATT e a relação SST/ATT do suco, além do tamanho dos frutos e do rendimento de suco. O citrumeleiro 'Swingle' promoveu bom vigor, boa produção, bom IP, bons níveis de SST e de ATT da 'Michal', enquanto o limoeiro 'Cravo' conferiu bom vigor, boa produção, bom IP e bom tamanho dos frutos, ambos podendo ser indicados como porta-enxertos em pomares de tangerineira 'Michal'.'Michal' tangerine (Citrus clementina x C. tangerina can be a good choice as canopy for early maturing fruit production in Rio Grande do Sul. The limitation is the lack of information about its performance and management. The aim of this research was to evaluate the development, production and fruit quality of 'Michal' tangerine grafted on five rootstocks: 'Troyer' citrange, 'Swingle' citrumelo, 'Cravo' lemon, 'Sunki' tangerine and 'Flying Dragon' trifoliate orange, in the Depressão Central of Rio Grande do Sul. The following variables were evaluated: plant height; trunk circumference; canopy projection area (APC; produced fruit number and weight (MF; MF/APC relation (IP; juice total soluble solids

  6. Investigation and comparison of the main corrosion processes on different electric power substations of the Rio Grande de Sul state, Brazil; Investigacao e comparacao dos principais processos de corrosao em diferentes subestacoes de energia eletrica do estado do Rio Grande do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brusamarello, Valner; Bianchi, Andre L.; Rieder, Ester S.; Balbinot, Alexandre; Wentz, Marcio; Konig, Diogo; Radke, Carlos [Universidade Luterana do Brasil (Ulbra), Canoas, RS (Brazil)

    2006-07-01

    In this work experiments have been developed on four electric power substations, three located at the coastal of the state of Rio Grande do Sul and one at the capital od the state, Porto Alegre city. The study had the objective to determine the corrosion ratios of the different metallic materials exposed to aggressive agents of the environment where the substations are exposed, and to determine the corrosive attack mechanisms of those materials as well, viewing the optimization using of those materials for a more extended useful life.

  7. Urban Waters and the Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque (New Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque (New Mexico) of the Urban Waters Federal Partnership (UWFP) reconnects urban communities with their waterways by improving coordination among federal agencies and collaborating with community-led efforts.

  8. Estrutura populacional de Poecilia vivípara Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (Atheriniformes, Poeciliidae do rio Ceará-Mirim - Rio Grande do Norte Populational structure of Poecilia vivipara Block & Schneider, 1801 (Atheriniformes, Poeciliidae of Ceará-Mirim river, State of Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Swany Soares Nascimento

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de elucidar aspectos da estrutura populacional de Poecilia vivipara do rio Ceará-Mirim, município de Poço Branco, Rio Grande do Norte, foram capturados 3.390 exemplares em coletas mensais, no período de junho de 1995 a maio de 1997, utilizando-se tarrafas e peneiras. A partir dos resultados obtidos, constatou-se que as fêmeas, em relação aos machos, predominaram na proporção de 8:1, considerando-se as análises total e sazonal. No que se refere à distribuição por classes de comprimento para os sexos separados, observou-se uma maior amplitude de comprimento das fêmeas em relação aos machos e ainda uma ausência de diferenças entre as estações chuvosa e seca. De acordo com os valores obtidos para o &Teta; (3,86, verificou-se, para a espécie, um crescimento do tipo alométrico positivo. Quanto à influência dos fatores abióticos, fotoperíodo, pluviosidade, temperatura e nível do rio, relacionados aos aspectos da estrutura populacional, não foram verificados resultados significativos que a confirmassemWith the aim of clarifying aspects of the populational structure of Poecilia vivipara in the Ceará-Mirim river, State of Rio Grande do Norte, a total of 3,390 specimens were captured in monthly collections June 1995 trough May 1997, using nets and sieves. Results showed that females, prevailed in the proportion of 8:1, in the whole period as well as seasonaly. The total length classes distribution for separate sexes indicated that females reaches greatest lengths than males with no difference between dry and rainy seasons. The species growth is of the alometric positive type as suggested by the &Teta; value (3,86. No correlation between abiotic factors (photoperiod duration, rainfall, temperature and river water level and the population structure was found

  9. [Use of dental services by preschool children in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Paulo Floriani; Ardenghi, Thiago Machado; Ferreira, Simone; Fischer, Laura de Almeida; Cardoso, Luciana; Feldens, Carlos Alberto

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the use of dental services and age at first dental visit in preschool children in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A representative sample of under-five children was surveyed on National Children's Vaccination Day. Children's parents completed questionnaires containing socio-demographic data and age at first dental visit. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. 192 children were examined. 13.3% of the sample had already visited the dentist at least once, but only 4.3% had their first dental visit by one year of age. The number of children who had already visited a dentist increased with age. Girls showed higher odds of having visited a dentist (OR = 1.46; 95%CI: 1.01-2.1). Public health strategies are needed to determine the effectiveness of health promotion and improve the use of dental services by preschool children.

  10. 77 FR 12818 - Intent To Prepare a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Rio Grande...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... damage from floods emanating from the Rio Grande. The local cost-sharing sponsors of the proposed project...; flood and sediment control dams; local levees; intermittent levee replacement; watershed land treatment... and Fish, and the New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officer. Coordination will continue...

  11. Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato(Ixodidae in synantropic rodents in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen Tavares Winkel

    Full Text Available Rhipicephalus sanguineus, the brown dog tick, is responsible for maintaining and transmitting various pathogens, both in animals and human beings, and it is of great sanitary importance. This communication reports the first occurrence of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato parasitizing Rattus norvegicus in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and it is also the first record of this tick species parasitizing Rattus rattus in Brazil. The rodents were captured from the port area, located in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. We collected 6 larvae of this tick species from 2 male R. rattus individuals, and 3 larvae from 2 female R. norvegicus individuals; parasitized specimens of both rodent species were captured from different sites within the experimental area. This record broadens the number of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato hosts in urban areas, indicating the need for continued monitoring on population density for both R. sanguineus and synanthropic rodents.

  12. Geomorphology of plutonium in the Northern Rio Grande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, W.L. [Arizona Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). Dept., of Geography

    1993-03-01

    Nearly all of the plutonium in the natural environment of the Northern Rio Grande is associated with soils and sediment, and river processes account for most of the mobility of these materials. A composite regional budget for plutonium based on multi-decadal averages for sediment and plutonium movement shows that 90 percent of the plutonium moving into the system is from atmospheric fallout. The remaining 10 percent is from releases at Los Alamos. Annual variation in plutonium flux and storage exceeds 100 percent. The contribution to the plutonium budget from Los Alamos is associated with relatively coarse sediment which often behaves as bedload in the Rio Grande. Infusion of these materials into the main stream were largest in 1951, 1952, 1957, and 1968. Because of the schedule of delivery of plutonium to Los Alamos for experimentation and weapons manufacturing, the latter two years are probably the most important. Although the Los Alamos contribution to the entire plutonium budget was relatively small, in these four critical years it constituted 71--86 percent of the plutonium in bedload immediately downstream from Otowi.

  13. Geomorphology of plutonium in the Northern Rio Grande

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graf, W.L.

    1993-03-01

    Nearly all of the plutonium in the natural environment of the Northern Rio Grande is associated with soils and sediment, and river processes account for most of the mobility of these materials. A composite regional budget for plutonium based on multi-decadal averages for sediment and plutonium movement shows that 90 percent of the plutonium moving into the system is from atmospheric fallout. The remaining 10 percent is from releases at Los Alamos. Annual variation in plutonium flux and storage exceeds 100 percent. The contribution to the plutonium budget from Los Alamos is associated with relatively coarse sediment which often behaves as bedload in the Rio Grande. Infusion of these materials into the main stream were largest in 1951, 1952, 1957, and 1968. Because of the schedule of delivery of plutonium to Los Alamos for experimentation and weapons manufacturing, the latter two years are probably the most important. Although the Los Alamos contribution to the entire plutonium budget was relatively small, in these four critical years it constituted 71--86 percent of the plutonium in bedload immediately downstream from Otowi

  14. Vazões máximas e mínimas para bacias hidrográficas da região alto Rio Grande, MG Maximum and minimum discharges for Alto Rio Grande region basins, Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rogério de Mello

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Vazões máximas são grandezas hidrológicas aplicadas a projetos de obras hidráulicas e vazões mínimas são utilizadas para a avaliação das disponibilidades hídricas em bacias hidrográficas e comportamento do escoamento subterrâneo. Neste estudo, objetivou-se à construção de intervalos de confiança estatísticos para vazões máximas e mínimas diárias anuais e sua relação com as características fisiográficas das 6 maiores bacias hidrográficas da região Alto Rio Grande à montante da represa da UHE-Camargos/CEMIG. As distribuições de probabilidades Gumbel e Gama foram aplicadas, respectivamente, para séries históricas de vazões máximas e mínimas, utilizando os estimadores de Máxima Verossimilhança. Os intervalos de confiança constituem-se em uma importante ferramenta para o melhor entendimento e estimativa das vazões, sendo influenciado pelas características geológicas das bacias. Com base nos mesmos, verificou-se que a região Alto Rio Grande possui duas áreas distintas: a primeira, abrangendo as bacias Aiuruoca, Carvalhos e Bom Jardim, que apresentaram as maiores vazões máximas e mínimas, significando potencialidade para cheias mais significativas e maiores disponibilidades hídricas; a segunda, associada às bacias F. Laranjeiras, Madre de Deus e Andrelândia, que apresentaram as menores disponibilidades hídricas.Maximum discharges are applied to hydraulic structure design and minimum discharges are used to characterize water availability in hydrographic basins and subterranean flow. This study is aimed at estimating the confidence statistical intervals for maximum and minimum annual discharges and their relationship wih the physical characteristics of basins in the Alto Rio Grande Region, State of Minas Gerais. The study was developed for the six (6 greatest Alto Rio Grande Region basins at upstream of the UHE-Camargos/CEMIG reservoir. Gumbel and Gama probability distribution models were applied to the

  15. Isolation and identification of Vibrio species in the Rio Bravo/Grande and water bodies from Reynosa, Tamaulipas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guardiola-Avila, I; Martínez-Vázquez, V; Requena-Castro, R; Juárez-Rendón, K; Aguilera-Arreola, M G; Rivera, G; Bocanegra-García, V

    2018-05-23

    The Rio Bravo (Rio Grande) adjoins various states in the Mexican region and has a great importance in water distribution in the northeast Tamaulipas (Mexico). In this work 161 strains were isolated, identified and characterized from the water samples taken from the flow of the Rio Bravo and the two inner canals that cover Reynosa city. The strains were identified as V. cholerae (74.5%), Vibrio spp. (1.2%) and V. mimicus (0.6%). Furthermore, the detected virulence genes in the V. cholerae strains, were the hlyA, ompU, tcpA, toxR genes in 78.3%, 62.5%, 15.8% and 90.8%, respectively. Only the ompU and vmh genes were detected in the V. mimicus strain. These results indicate the presence of multi-toxigenic V. cholerae strains in the Rio Bravo/Grande and in the water bodies from Reynosa city, which could represent a risk for the exposed population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  16. Evaluating the State of Water Management in the Rio Grande/Bravo Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz Partida, Jose Pablo; Sandoval-Solis, Samuel; Diaz Gomez, Romina

    2017-04-01

    Water resource modeling tools have been developed for many different regions and sub-basins of the Rio Grande/Bravo (RGB). Each of these tools has specific objectives, whether it is to explore drought mitigation alternatives, conflict resolution, climate change evaluation, tradeoff and economic synergies, water allocation, reservoir operations, or collaborative planning. However, there has not been an effort to integrate different available tools, or to link models developed for specific reaches into a more holistic watershed decision-support tool. This project outlines promising next steps to meet long-term goals of improved decision support tools and modeling. We identify, describe, and synthesize water resources management practices in the RGB basin and available water resources models and decision support tools that represent the RGB and the distribution of water for human and environmental uses. The extent body of water resources modeling is examined from a perspective of environmental water needs and water resources management and thereby allows subsequent prioritization of future research and monitoring needs for the development of river system modeling tools. This work communicates the state of the RGB science to diverse stakeholders, researchers, and decision-makers. The products of this project represent a planning tool to support an integrated water resources management framework to maximize economic and social welfare without compromising vital ecosystems.

  17. Organização e qualidade da assistência à saúde dos índios Kaingáng do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Organization and quality of health care for Kaingáng Indians in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yara Hahr Marques Hökerberg

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo pretende avaliar o atendimento à saúde prestado aos índios Kaingáng do Rio Grande do Sul. Os óbitos evitáveis por assistência básica de saúde dos indígenas, ocorridos entre 1985 e 1995, foram comparados aos óbitos do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os dados secundários relativos aos serviços de saúde foram complementados por entrevistas realizadas em campo com lideranças indígenas e com funcionários das instituições envolvidas na assistência à saúde do índio. Foi utilizado o Sistema de Informações Geográficas, visando relacionar a distribuição dos óbitos ao grau de acesso aos serviços de saúde. As áreas indígenas Kaingáng estão ligadas por estradas pavimentadas a municípios que contam com, pelo menos, um centro de saúde, ou ainda, hospitais de pequeno porte. O segundo nível de atenção situa-se em Palmeiras das Missões e Frederico Westphallen e o terceiro nível, em Passo Fundo. O que diferencia estas áreas indígenas do restante do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul é a quantidade de óbitos evitáveis pela assistência básica de saúde, tais como as causas mal definidas, a desnutrição, a tuberculose e o câncer cérvico-uterino.This study assesses the health care provided to Kaingáng Indians in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Deaths preventable by primary health care among the Indians and occurring from 1985 to 1995 were compared to the same rates for the State of Rio Grande do Sul as a whole. Secondary data on health care services were supplemented by field interviews with indigenous leaders and with employees from participating institutions. A Geographic Information System (GIS was used to correlate distribution of deaths and access to health services. The Kaingáng settlements are connected by paved roads to counties with at least a public health clinic or even a small hospital in some cases. Secondary referrals are treated in Palmeiras das Missões and Frederico Westphallen and tertiary care is

  18. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni N. Maurício

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Information on the breeding biology of birds is essential for improving avian life-history theory and implementing sound management and conservation actions for these organisms. Comprehensive reviews of this kind of information are lacking for most Neotropical regions, including Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost Brazilian state. Aiming to update the knowledge on the reproductive status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, we reviewed breeding records of all potential breeding species recorded in the state using a set of predefined, restrictive criteria for accepting breeding evidences as effective. Data satisfying our criteria were available for 165 species in the literature. We also collected novel breeding information obtained in the state for an additional 126 species, including observations for several species whose reproductive biology is poorly known. Among these are birds previously unknown to breed in Brazil. This new data and the critical review of the previous information resulted in a total of 291 species for which breeding evidences are accepted as effective. This corresponds to 54.7% of the 532 species considered either confirmed or potential breeders in the state. In addition to providing information on nesting dates, clutch size, nest architecture and breeding behavior of south Brazilian birds, our review serves as a benchmark for the adequate assessment of avian breeding records elsewhere. We hope to stimulate observers to rigorously document breeding events, especially for taxa for which basic information is lacking.

  19. Plutonium and the Rio Grande: Environmental change and contamination in the nuclear age

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graf, W.L.

    1994-01-01

    An attempt is made to analyze questions concerning the issue of plutonium in the Rio Grande. The author describes in great detail how he arrived at the conclusions. The objective has been to produce research that is absolutely transparent, so that its results can be fairly evaluated and duplicated by anyone. The results of this work show that plutonium from Los Alamos National Laboratory and atmospheric fallout has been deposited along the Rio Grande in small, though detectable, quantities in certain predictable places

  20. Pre-cambrian geochronology in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galindo, A.C.

    1981-08-01

    The Precambrian region polyciclic caracter, in the Rio Grande do Norte State has make difficulties to its geochronological and geological studies. Four importants tectonometamorphic occurences identified dissimulate the original isotopic composition of the rocks. Is much defined the presence of three geochronological events wich left vestiges in the differents Serido litological units. The first event is related with Jequie cicle (2,7 b.y) and related with the Caico Group rocks. The second important event define the Transamazonic cicle (2.1 b.y). The third is correlated with Brazilian Cicle, when occurred the granitoids and pegmatites bodies formation. This third event was the last in this region and affect the other units too. (C.D.G.) [pt

  1. MIdentidade de classe : um olhar sobre os estivadores do porto do Rio Grande/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Cedrez da Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to understand the identity notion that permeates the charaxter of the docker of the Port of Rio Grande / RS in its work universe. Starting from the theoretical framework of class identity, the reflection of documental and oral sources, as well as the existing literature on this subject, the profile of the docker of Rio Grande, between 1931 and 1960, will be analyzed.

  2. DIETARY CHARACTERIZATIONS IN A STUDY OF HUMAN EXPOSURES IN THE LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY: I. FOODS AND BEVERAGES

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Lower Rio Grande Valley Environmental Study (LRGVES), a cooperative effort between various federal and state agencies, responded to concerns of the local community about possible adverse health effects related to environmental conditions. The LRGVES pilot project, conducted d...

  3. Pós-colheita de mamão híbrido UENF/CALIMAN 01 cultivado no Rio Grande do Norte Postharvest shelf life of papaya UENF/CALIMAN 01 produced in Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Lígia Dantas de Morais

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, foi desenvolvido um novo híbrido de mamão obtido através de melhoramento do cruzamento entre um progenitor do Grupo Formosa e um progenitor do Grupo Solo. Recentemente, os produtores de mamões do Rio Grande do Norte introduziram o cultivo desse híbrido em seus pomares: no entanto, os estudos acerca do potencial de conservação desses frutos restringem-se aos testes realizados nas próprias empresas. O presente trabalho propôs-se a avaliar a vida útil pós-colheita do mamão híbrido UENF/Caliman 01 cultivado no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Os frutos foram provenientes de um plantio comercial, localizado no município de Ceará-Mirim-RN. Os mamões foram colhidos no estádio de maturação I (menos de 15% da superfície da casca amarela. No galpão de embalagem, os frutos passaram por lavagem, seleção, tratamentos hidrotérmico, imersão em fungicida e cera. No laboratório da Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido (Mossoró-RN, os frutos foram armazenados à temperatura de 25º C ± 2º C e umidade relativa de 55% ± 5%. Aos 0; 2; 4; 6; 8 e 10 dias de armazenamento, realizaram-se avaliações sobre as seguintes variáveis: aparência externa e interna, coloração da casca, perda de massa, firmeza, sólidos solúveis, acidez titulável, pH e açúcares. Esse híbrido apresenta características fenotípicas do Grupo Formosa, com frutos alongados, massa média de 1,28 kg, polpa com espessura de 2,74 cm, coloração vermelha e conteúdo elevado de sólidos solúveis (13,65% e açúcares (10,53%. As variáveis de qualidade analisadas limitaram a vida útil pós-colheita do híbrido UENF/Caliman 01 em oito dias.A new papaya hybrid was developed in Brazil obtained by breeding with the crossing of progenitors from Solo x Formosa groups. Recently, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, this hybrid was introduced by the farmers in their orchards. However, the studies concerning to the conservation potential of these fruits

  4. A pedagogia da ilustração e os guarani-missioneiros no Rio Grande de São Pedro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Protásio Paulo Langer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available  O presente trabalho visa abordar o projeto pedagógico do iluminismo português imposto aos guaranis provenientes dos Sete Povos das Missões e estabelecidos na aldeia de Nossa Senhora dos Anjos, entre 1762 e 1801. Consideramos o tema relevante não só por suscitar problemas relativos aos primórdios da implantação da educação oficial no Rio Grande do Sul, mas também pelos resultados obtidos com o programa civilizatório pombalino que objetivava a substituição cultural dos guarani-missioneiros no Rio Grande de São Pedro. Palavras-chave: guarani-missioneiros, iluminismo, Rio Grande de São Pedro. Abstract This paper aims to approach the pedagogical project based on the portuguese iluminism which was imposed upon the Guarani indians of the Sete Povos das Missões (the Seven Peoples of the Missions that lived in the aldeia Nossa Senhora dos Anjos (Our Lady of the Angel's village between 1762 and 1801. This subject is relevant because it raises problems related to the early implementation of the official education in Rio Grande do Sul, as wel as the results obtained through the civilizatory program devised by marquês de Pombal which intended to promote the westernization of the Guarani indians in the Province of the Rio Grande de São Pedro. Keywords:  Guarani indians, iluminism, Rio Grande de São Pedro.

  5. 78 FR 16569 - Iowa Pacific Holdings, LLC, Permian Basin Railways, and San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad-Corporate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35721] Iowa Pacific Holdings, LLC, Permian Basin Railways, and San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad--Corporate Family Transaction... subsidiaries Permian Basin Railways (PBR) and San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad (SLRG), and Massachusetts Coastal...

  6. An international borderland of concern: Conservation of biodiversity in the Lower Rio Grande Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie,, David M.

    2016-07-20

    The Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) of southern Texas is located on the United States-Mexico borderland and represents a 240-kilometer (150-mile) linear stretch that ends at the Gulf of Mexico. The LRGV represents a unique transition between temperate and tropical conditions and, as such, sustains an exceptionally high diversity of plants and animals—some of them found in few, or no other, places in the United States. Examples include Leopardus pardalis albescens (northern ocelot) and Falco femoralis septentrionalis (northern aplomado falcon)—both endangered in the United States and emblematic of the LRGV. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) manages three national wildlife refuges (Santa Ana, Lower Rio Grande Valley, and Laguna Atascosa) that together make up the South Texas Refuge Complex, which actively conserves biodiversity in about 76,006 hectares (187,815.5 acres) of native riparian and upland habitats in the LRGV. These diminished habitats harbor many rare, threatened, and endangered species. This report updates the widely used 1988 USFWS biological report titled “Tamaulipan Brushland of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of South Texas: Description, Human Impacts, and Management Options” by synthesizing nearly 400 peer-reviewed scientific publications that have resulted from biological and sociological research conducted specifically in the four Texas counties of the LRGV in the past nearly 30 years. This report has three goals: (1) synthesize scientific insights gained since 1988 related to the biology and management of the LRGV and its unique biota, focusing on flora and fauna of greatest conservation concern; (2) update ongoing challenges facing Federal and State agencies and organizations that focus on conservation or key natural resources in the LRGV; and (3) redefine conservation opportunities and land-acquisition strategies that are feasible and appropriate today, given the many new and expanding constraints that challenge conservation

  7. A PHOTO OF POOR SIDE OF THE FAMILY FARM IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joacir Rufino Aquino

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to highlight the social dimension and analyze the socioeconomic and productive characteristics of the poor farmers, classified according to the rules of the PRONAF Group B in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS. In theoretical and methodological terms, we used the approach of capabilities Amartya Sen and the approach of Frank Ellis to gather conceptual elements necessary to the understanding of "multiple productive needs" of this particular group of farmers. The data used are from special tabulations from the 2006 Agricultural Census, IBGE. Research shows that the farms in low-income classifiable in Group B of PRONAF are present in all the RS micro, coming to encompass half the farmers in some areas and approximately 30% of the segment in the state. Research results also point to the high social vulnerability of these gauchos producers in various dimensions of their livelihoods (appropriations of natural capital, physical, human, social and financial, demonstrating that there is need for improvement in its asset platform (access land, water, finance and technology as well as in their basic training (formal education and level of social organization.

  8. Geochronologic (K-Ar/Fission track) east-west profile of the Rio Grande do Sul shield

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poupeau, G.; Baitelli, R.; Berbert, M.

    1985-01-01

    An E-W sampling was executed from Pelotas to Dom Pedrito, Rio Grande do Sul state, for K-Ar and Fission-track (FT) dating. Within the Dom Feliciano Orogenic Belt, from pelotas to Pinheiro Machado, K-Ar in biotites increase from 530m.y. to 655 m.y., with a discontinuity at the level of the approx.10Km wide Cangacu cataclastic Zone. In two samples from the Rio de La Plata Craton, at the western end of our profile, hornblendes present K-Ar ages of 1.555m.y. and 1.594m.y. FT ages in apatites record cooling of these minerals below 120 + - 20 0 C. From Pelotas to Pinheiro Machado, four sample present concordant ages at 270 + - 10m.y., whiel western most sample records a later event at 216 m.y. From the structure of plateau-ages it is suggested that the events dated are two positive tectonic pulses. Examination of the sedimentary of the Parana Basin confirms this interpretation. We therefore dated isotopically, for the firts time in Rio Grande do Sul basement, the ages of the two tectonic pulses wich affected the sedimentation in the Parana Basin. (Author) [pt

  9. Geochronologic (K-Ar/Fission Track) east-west profile of the Rio Grande do Sul shield

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poupeau, G.; Baitelli, R.; Berbert, M.; Kawashita, K.

    1985-01-01

    An E-W sampling was executed from Pelotas to Dom Pedrito, Rio Grande do Sul State, for K-Ar and fission-track (FT) dating. Within the Dom Feliciano Orogenic Belt, from Pelotas to Pinheiro Machado, K-Ar in biotites increase from 530 m.y. to 655 m.y., with a discontinuity at the level of the 10 km wide Cangacu cataclastic Zone. In two samples from the Rio de La Plata Craton, at the Western end of our profile, hornblendes present K-Ar ages of 1.555 m.y and 1.594 m.y. FT ages in apatites record the cooling of these minerals below 120+- 20 0 C. From Pelotas to Pinheiro Machado, four samples present concordant ages at 270+ -10 m.y., while the western sample records a later event at 216 m.y. From the structure of plateau-ages it is suggested that the events dated are two positive tectonic pulses. Examination of the sedimentary of the Parana Basin confirms this interpretation. We therefore dated isotopically, for the first time in Rio Grande do Sul basement, the ages of the two tectonic pulses which affected the sedimentation in the Parana Basin. (Author) [pt

  10. Oral health self-perception in quilombola communities in Rio Grande do Sul: a cross-sectional exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidinotto, Augusto Bacelo; D'Ávila, Otávio Pereira; Martins, Aline Blaya; Hugo, Fernando Neves; Neutzling, Marilda Borges; Bairros, Fernanda de Souza; Hilgert, Juliana Balbinot

    2017-01-01

    There's a shortage of evidence on the oral health of quilombolas. This study aims to describe oral health self-perception, as well as to verify its associated factors in quilombola communities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The data for this cross-sectional health survey were collected by application of a questionnaire. Since this study was part of a survey on nutritional security, the probabilistic cluster sample was estimated for the outcome of nutritional insecurity, comprising 583 individuals across quilombola communities in Rio Grande do Sul. The association between the outcome of negative oral health self-perception and sociodemographic, general health, and oral health variables was measured by prevalence ratios obtained through Poisson regressions with robust variance and 95% confidence intervals. Negative self-rated oral health was reported by 313 (53.1%) of the individuals. Satisfaction with chewing ability and satisfaction with oral appearance were associated with a higher prevalence of negative perception of oral health, while there was no association between the outcome and number of teeth. Use of alcohol had a borderline association with the outcome. Satisfaction with appearance and chewing ability are factors associated with oral-health self-perception of the quilombolas in Rio Grande do Sul.

  11. Characterization of ceramic product of the Apodi region in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sousa, Maria R.; Freire, Juvenise T.C.

    2011-01-01

    Due to the great precariousness of information on ceramics products, as the brick of Rio Grande do Norte state, the purpose of this work was to analyze the physical and mechanical characteristics of ceramic bricks for construction manufactured in Assu region of the state. Therefore, samples were collected in cities belonging to different potters poles. The bricks were subjected to several tests: visual, absorption, suction, compressive strength, dimensions and flatness deviation from the square. According to ABNT standard, the products need some improvement in quality

  12. Epidemiologia e controle dos focos da doença de Aujeszky no Rio Grande do Sul, em 2003 Epidemiology and control of pseudorabies outbreaks in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando H. Sauter Groff

    2005-03-01

    has significant economic impact on the pig industry worldwide. The infection produces direct and indirect economic losses, mainly due to restrictions to international trade of swine products. Since the beginning of the 20th century, AD had been notified in several Brazilian regions, yet the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS remained as a "provisionally free" area under the International Organization of Epizooties (OIE guidelines. In 2003, two outbreaks were notified in swine herds located in northern RS, boundary with Santa Catarina, a state where the infection is endemic. Control/eradication measures consisted in tracing back all swine movements, quarantine and eradication of the affected herds by sanitary slaughter under official inspection. In outbreak # 1 (Pinheirinho do Vale, January/2003 six herds were affected, one of which presented animals with clinical signs. Starting from this outbreak, 146 herds and 42.399 pigs were traced back, six herds (7.822 animals being depopulated - the herd where the index outbreak plus five other herds with positive serology. The outbreak # 2 (Aratiba, September/2003 resulted in a wider spread of the infection, involving another three counties and 77 herds (9 with clinical signs, 68 with positive serology. From the index case, 109.316 pigs in 630 herds were traced back; 28.443 animals from positive herds were slaughtered. Total numbers reached 151.715 traced back animals in 776 herds; 71 herds were found serologically positive. The adopted measures were efficient to eliminate the outbreaks and to stop the disease spread to neighboring areas, reestablishing the sanitary status previous to the outbreaks.

  13. Auto-estima e fatores associados em gestantes da cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Self-esteem and associated factors in pregnant women in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle de Souza Dias

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo tem como objetivo mensurar a auto-estima e fatores associados em gestantes atendidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS na cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. É do tipo transversal, tendo-se entrevistado 560 gestantes nos meses de maio a novembro de 2006, nos ambulatórios e enfermarias dos hospitais universitários e do centro de atendimento da Prefeitura Municipal. Dentre as gestantes atendidas, 62,9% receberam o diagnóstico de alto-risco. Para avaliação da auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de Rosenberg. Na amostra total a média de pontos na escala foi de 9,2 e o desvio-padrão de 4,6. As variáveis associadas positiva e significativamente com auto-estima foram idade, nível de escolaridade e nível econômico. Já as variáveis percepção de risco à saúde do bebê e número de gestações mostraram-se associadas negativamente à auto-estima. Além disso, as gestantes com condição gestacional de alto-risco têm uma auto-estima mais elevada quando comparadas com as de baixo-risco.This study analyzes self-esteem and associated factors in pregnant women treated by the Unified National Health System (SUS in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Using a cross-sectional design, 560 pregnant women were interviewed from May to November 2006. The interviews were held in specific locations like University outpatient clinics and hospital wards and a center run by the city government. A full 62.9% were diagnosed as high-risk pregnancies. Mean self-esteem according to the Rosenberg scale was 9.2 (SD = 4.6. Variables showing a positive, significant association with self-esteem were age, schooling, and income. Perception of risk to the unborn infant's health and parity were both negatively associated with maternal self-esteem. These high-risk pregnant women also showed higher self-esteem than low-risk pregnant women.

  14. Acidentes de trabalho envolvendo conjuntos tratorizados em propriedades rurais do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Work accidents involving tractor-implement systems in farms of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Debiasi

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo determinar as causas genéricas e específicas dos acidentes de trabalho envolvendo conjuntos tratorizados, no intuito de subsidiar a tomada de medidas mais efetivas de prevenção dos mesmos. A pesquisa foi executada em 21 municípios pertencentes a três microregiões geográficas do Rio Grande do Sul: Santa Maria, Restinga Seca e Cachoeira do Sul. Foram amostradas aleatoriamente 114 propriedades, dentro das quais 141 operadores foram entrevistados. Os acidentes analisados foram tanto aqueles ocorridos com o proprietário ou empregados da propriedade amostrada como aqueles ocorridos com operadores não pertencentes à propriedade, mas dos quais os entrevistados tinham conhecimento. 82% dos acidentes de trabalho envolvendo conjuntos tratorizados foram causados por atitudes inseguras e 18% por condições inseguras. As principais causas específicas de acidentes foram a operação do trator em condições para as quais não foi projetado, a perda de controle em aclives/declives, a permissão de carona e o consumo excessivo de álcool. Com base nestes resultados, pode-se concluir que as ações visando à prevenção dos acidentes de trabalho envolvendo conjuntos tratorizados devem dar ênfase à eliminação das causas específicas apuradas.The objective of this work was to determine generic and specific causes of work accidents involving tractor-implement systems, to help taking more effective prevetion measures. The research was carried out in twenty-one municipal districts belonging to three regions of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: Santa Maria, Restinga Seca e Cachoeira do Sul. 114 farms were randomly sampled in these regions, in which 141 operators were evaluated. The accidents analyzed were both te ones that occurred with the owner or employees of the same farm and the ones that occured with operators not belonging that farm - but whose cases were known by the interwiees - 82% of the work accidents

  15. 76 FR 31678 - San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad-Continuance in Control Exemption-Saratoga and North Creek Railway...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35499] San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad--Continuance in Control Exemption--Saratoga and North Creek Railway, LLC San Luis & Rio Grande Railroad (SLRG), a Class III rail carrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption to continue in...

  16. Using aerial photography for mapping giant reed infestations along the Texas-Mexico portion of the Rio Grande.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giant reed (Arundo donax L.) is an invasive weed throughout the southern half of the United States with the densest stands growing along the coastal rivers of southern California and the Rio Grande in Texas. The objective of this study was to use aerial photography to map giant reed infestations and...

  17. Society and Health in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, William

    Shedding light on problems of mental health and illness that have baffled public health workers attempting to improve the health and welfare of Mexican Americans living in the lower Rio Grande Valley, this document reports the folk customs, social organization, medical practices, and beliefs of the Mexican American of this area. Chapters describe…

  18. Primeiro registro de Trichopria anastrephae, parasitoide de moscas-das-frutas, no Rio Grande do Sul First record of Trichopria anastrephae, parasitoid of fruit flies, in the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Postalli Cruz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Existem poucas informações sobre as espécies nativas de himenópteros parasitoides de moscas-das-frutas da Região Neotropical, o que objetivou a realização do presente trabalho. Assim, coletas de goiaba (Psidium guajava L. foram realizadas de janeiro a março de 2009 na Área Experimental em Estudos de Produção Agroecológica (AEEPA da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, no município de Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul. Os frutos foram levados ao laboratório, contados, pesados e acondicionados individualmente em potes plásticos contendo areia umedecida e telado na parte superior. Semanalmente, o substrato foi peneirado, os pupários recolhidos e acondicionados em placas de Petri com papel filtro umedecido com água destilada. Os pupários foram mantidos em sala climatizada (26±2°C, 60±10% de umidade relativa e 12h fotofase onde foram efetuadas observações semanais para verificar a emergência de moscas e/ou parasitoides e posterior identificação das espécies. Trichopria anastrephae Lima (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae foi obtida de pupários de Anastrepha fraterculus, com parasitismo de 5,8%.There is little information on native species of hymenopteran parasitoids of fruit flies from the Neotropical region. Collections of guava (Psidium guajava L. were conducted from January to March 2009 at the Experimental Area of Agroecological Production studies (AEEPA, Federal University of Pelotas, Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul. Fruits were taken individually to the laboratory, counted, weighed and packaged in plastic pots containing moist sand and mesh on top. Weekly substrate was sieved, the pupae collected and placed in Petri dishes with filter paper moistened with distilled water. The pupae were placed in a room (26±2°C, 60±10% RH and 12h photophase where observations were made weekly to check the emergence of adult flies or parasitoids and subsequent species identification. Trichopria anastrephae Lima was obtained from Anastrepha

  19. Streamflow gains and losses and selected water-quality observations in five subreaches of the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo del Norte from near Presidio to Langtry, Texas, Big Bend area, United States and Mexico, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raines, Timothy H.; Turco, Michael J.; Connor, Patrick J.; Bennett, Jeffery B.

    2012-01-01

    Few historical streamflow and water-quality data are available to characterize the segment of the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo del Norte (hereinafter Rio Grande) extending from near Presidio to near Langtry, Texas. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, collected water-quality and streamflow data from the Rio Grande from near Presidio to near Langtry, Texas, to characterize the streamflow gain and loss and selected constituent concentrations in a 336.3-mile reach of the Rio Grande from near Presidio to near Langtry, Texas. Streamflow was measured at 38 sites and water-quality samples were collected at 20 sites along the Rio Grande in February, March, and June 2006. Streamflow gains and losses over the course of the stream were measured indirectly by computing the differences in measured streamflow between sites along the stream. Water-quality data were collected and analyzed for salinity, dissolved solids, major ions, nutrients, trace elements, and stable isotopes. Selected properties and constituents were compared to available Texas Commission on Environmental Quality general use protection criteria or screening levels. Summary statistics of selected water-quality data were computed for each of the five designated subreaches. Streamflow gain and loss and water-quality constituent concentration were compared for each subreach, rather than the entire segment because of the temporal variation in sample collection caused by controlled releases upstream. Subreach A was determined to be a losing reach, and subreaches B, C, D, and E were determined to be gaining reaches. Compared to concentrations measured in upstream subreaches, downstream subreaches exhibited evidence of dilution of selected constituent concentrations. Subreaches A and B had measured total dissolved solids, chloride, and sulfate exceeding the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality general use protection criteria

  20. Os Testudines continentais do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: taxonomia, história natural e conservação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clóvis S. Bujes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O Rio Grande do Sul é o estado mais meridional do Brasil, apresentando fauna e flora peculiares associadas às características morfoclimáticas da região. A diversidade de Testudines do Rio Grande do Sul é representada por seis espécies continentais e cinco marinhas. Este estudo apresenta comentários sobre a diversidade de quelônios continentais do Rio Grande do Sul, através de uma compilação de dados publicados e alguns inéditos sobre sua biologia e estado de conservação.

  1. Landsat Evapotranspiration for Historical Field-scale Water Use (1984-2015) in the Upper Rio Grande River Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senay, G. B.; Schauer, M.; Singh, R. K.; Friedrichs, M.

    2017-12-01

    Field-scale water use maps derived from evapotranspiration (ET) can characterize water use patterns and the impacts of water management decisions. This project generated historical (1984-2015) Landsat-based ET maps for the entire Upper Rio Grande basin which makes this one of the largest regions in the United States with remotely sensed historical ET at Landsat resolution. More than 10,000 Landsat images spanning 32 years were processed using the Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model which integrates weather data and remotely sensed images to estimate monthly and annual ET. Time-series analysis focused on three water-intensive study areas within the basin: the San Luis Valley in Colorado, irrigated fields along the Rio Grande River near Albuquerque, NM, and irrigated fields near Las Cruces, NM. Preliminary analysis suggests land use changes result in declining water use in irrigated areas of the basin which corresponds with increases in land surface temperatures. Time-series analysis of water use patterns at multiple temporal and spatial scales demonstrates the impact of water management decisions on the availability of water in the basin. Comparisons with cropland data from the USDA (NASS CDL) demonstrate how water use for particular crop types changes over time in response to land use changes and shifts in water management. This study illustrates a useful application of "Big Data" earth observation science for quantifying impacts of climate and land use changes on water availability within the United States as well as applications in planning water resource allocation, managing water rights, and sustaining agricultural production in the Upper Rio Grande basin.

  2. Evaluation of an indicator for water yield in a watershed of Alto Rio Grande Region, State of Minas Gerais , Brazil Avaliação de um indicador de produção de água em uma bacia hidrográfica no Alto Rio Grande - MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto de Mattos

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian Law stipulates that water is a limited natural resource doted of economic value, thus it is necessary to develop mechanisms for its adequate management. Actions that encourage the farmers to apply soil conservation practices with the purpose of increase water yield from springs and to promote improvement of its quality, reducing production of sediment transportation, is being encouraged by governments, even with financial compensation for owners. From these assertions, this study aims to quantify the benefits of the conservation actions of the management units and to characterize a Water Yield Indicator (WYI to support sustainable actions in the watershed of Alto Rio Grande region, in the state of Minas Gerais (MG. To assess the impact of actions it were identified four scenarios of land use and occupation of the watershed from Marcela stream which is located in Alto Rio Grande Region. After analyzing the results, it can be stated that the scenarios simulation has demonstrated important changes in water yield and that the definition of the Water Yield Index from the junction of the erosion potential with the water storage potential, has proved effective, as it integrate quantity and quality of water.A legislação brasileira estabelece que a água é um recurso natural limitado e dotado de valor econômico; logo, há necessidade de se criar mecanismos para sua adequada gestão. Medidas que estimulam os produtores rurais a adotarem práticas conservacionistas, visando a maior produção de água, melhoria de sua qualidade e redução da produção de sedimentos, vêm sendo estimuladas pelos governos, utilizando para isso até mesmo uma compensação financeira. A partir destas asserções, objetivou-se quantificar os benefícios das ações de conservação nas unidades de gestão e definir um Indicador de Produção de Água (IPA para a tomada de decisão em uma bacia hidrográfica da região Alto Rio Grande-MG. Para avaliar o

  3. Incidência de meningite por Haemophilus influenzae no RS 1999-2010: impacto da cobertura vacinal Incidence of meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae in the state of Rio Grande do Sul 1999-2010: impact of vaccination campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marli Matiko Anraku de Campos

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar e verificar a situação epidemiológica das meningites causadas pelo agente Haemophilus influenzae tipo b nos últimos 10 anos no Rio Grande do Sul. Estudo retrospectivo, descritivo, utilizando o sistema de dados de notificação de meningites, e cobertura vacinal, armazenados em base on line Tabnet - Tabulação de dados Epidemiológicos - CEVS/SES/RS, abrangendo o período de 1999 a 2010. Foram utilizados casos notificados e confirmados, tendo como critério de seleção o ano de inicio dos sintomas, idade, diagnostico e evolução. Foi analisado o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, representado por 19 coordenadorias de saúde. Comparações entre proporções foram avaliadas pelo teste de z. No RS foram notificados 3043 casos confirmados de meningite bacteriana, sendo 6,77% dos casos causados por H. influenzae. O coeficiente de incidência da meningite por H. influenzae, sem considerar faixa etária, caiu significativamente (95,6% após 1999, assim como a mortalidade. Crianças menores de um ano continuam sendo as mais acometidas (52%, não havendo alteração na letalidade. Os resultados apresentados revelaram um impacto positivo das estratégias de vacinação contra Hib no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul nos últimos dez anos.This article seeks to analyze and update the epidemiological situation of meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in the past 10 years in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS. It is a retrospective, descriptive study, which used the data notification system of meningitis and vaccination campaign coverage, stored in the Epidemiological TABNET online database, for the period from 1999 to 2010. Cases notified and confirmed were used and the selection criteria were the year when the symptoms were detected, age, diagnosis, and evolution. Nineteen health centers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul were analyzed. The z-test was used to evaluate comparisons between the proportions. In the

  4. Primeira ocorrência de Pythium sp. E Rhizoctonia sp. causando podridão-de-raízes em ervais no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Poletto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2004, some plantations of Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil. In Taquari Valley, state of Rio Grande do Sul, started presenting growth stagnation, yellowing, leaf drop and necrosis in the root system, typical symptoms of root rot. Roots samples were collected in farms of two cities and sent for analysis at the Plant Disease Laboratory at the Department of Plant Protection/CCR/UFSM. The presence of Rhizoctonia and Pythium was diagnosed and these were pathogenic when inoculated in plants of erva-mate. This is the first observation of these two fungi causing root rot in erva-mate plantations in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

  5. O movimento "vistoria zero" e a resistência do patronato rural às políticas de assentamentos no Rio Grande do Sul The "zero inspection" movement and the rural employers' opposition to the settlement policies in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto da Ros

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analisaremos o processo de constituição de um movimento de resistência do patronato rural às vistorias de imóveis rurais realizadas pelo Incra no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, buscando verificar os desdobramentos dessa ação na contraposição à implementação das políticas de assentamentos durante os anos de 1999 e 2002. Este movimento eclodiu em março de 1998, e foi protagonizado pelos grandes proprietários fundiários filiados ao Sindicato Rural do município de Bagé que o denominaram como "vistoria zero". Tal movimento, além de ter sido inédito, logo se irradiou pelo Estado, passando a integrar o repertório das ações de contraposição do patronato rural gaúcho à continuidade dos processos de desapropriação por interesse social para fins de reforma agrária. Argumenta-se ao longo do trabalho que o bloqueio imposto pelo patronato rural gaúcho às vistorias repercutiu diretamente numa redução drástica do número de famílias assentadas pelo Incra no quadriênio de 1999/2002, contribuindo para fortalecer ainda mais a opção do segundo governo de Fernando Henrique Cardoso pela reforma agrária de mercado.This article analyzes the formation process of the rural employers' resistance movement against the inspection of rural properties conducted by Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária - INCRA (National Institute of Colonization and Land Reform in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in order to understand the ramifications of this action as opposed to the implementation of settlement policies from 1999 to 2002. This movement broke out in March 1998, led by big landowners from the Rural Union of the Municipality of Bagé, who called it "zero inspection". This unprecedented movement soon spread all over the State, an addition to the rural employers' opposition to the process of expropriation for land reform purposes. Throughout the article, the author maintains that the blockade the rural employers

  6. Characterization of beta-thalassemia mutations in patients from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zama Messala Luna da Silveira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available 35 unrelated individuals were studied for characterization as either heterozygous or homozygous for beta-thalassemia. Molecular analysis was done by PCR/RFLP to detect the mutations most commonly associated with beta-thalassemia (β0IVS-I-1, β+IVS-I-6, and β039. In the patients who showed none of these mutations, the beta-globin genes were sequenced. Of the 31 heterozygous patients, 13 (41.9% had the β+IVS-I-6 mutation, 15 (48.4% the β0IVS-I-1 mutation, 2 (6.5% the β+IVS-I-110 mutation and 1 (3.2% the β+IVS-I-5 mutation. IVS-I-6 was detected in the four homozygotes. The mutation in codon 39, often found in previous studies in Brazil, was not detected in the present case. This is the first study aiming at identifying mutations that determine beta-thalassemia in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.

  7. Cross-sectional study of the dispensation of synthetic anorectic drugs in community pharmacies in the city of Cruz Alta - State of Rio Grande do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Marcieli Maria Navarini; Viviane Cecilia Kessler Nunes Deuschle; Regis Augusto Norbert Deuschle

    2014-01-01

    Obesity is defined as the excess adipose tissue in the body. Drugs responsible for inhibiting the appetite are called anorectics or appetite suppressants. Sibutramine, fenproporex and amfepramone belongs to this class, and are capable of causing physical or psychological dependence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of prescriptions for appetite suppressants in community pharmacies at Cruz Alta, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sales of fenproporex, amfepramone and si...

  8. PRODUÇÃO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA TANGERINEIRA-'MONTENEGRINA' PROPAGADA POR ENXERTIA E ESTAQUIA, NO RIO GRANDE DO SUL MANDARIN CV. 'MONTENEGRINA' PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROPAGATED BY CUTTINGS AND GRAFTING IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL STATE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GILMAR SCHÄFER

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A tangerineira-'Montenegrina' (Citrus deliciosa Ten., devido às boas características de sabor, conservação e colheita tardia dos frutos, é muito apreciada e cultivada no Rio Grande do Sul. Os pomares comerciais são praticamente formados por mudas enxertadas sobre Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf. Devido à escassez de informações relativas à combinação desta cultivar com outros porta-enxertos, bem como sua propagação por estaquia, esta pesquisa objetivou estudar o comportamento inicial de plantas enxertadas sobre citrange 'Troyer' (Citrus sinensis (L. Osb. x P. trifoliata, citrumelo 'Swingle' (C. paradisi Macf. x P. trifoliata e P. trifoliata e de plantas propagadas por estaquia. O experimento foi instalado na Estação Experimental Agronômica da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, em junho de 1989, delineado em blocos casualisados, com cinco plantas úteis por parcela e quatro repetições. Os resultados compreenderam as primeiras safras ocorridas de 1993 a 1998. O citrumeleiro 'Swingle' foi o porta-enxerto que melhores resultados apresentou, aumentando a eficiência produtiva da tangerineira-'Montenegrina', cultivada na Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul, sendo que o Poncirus trifoliata diminuiu o desenvolvimento vegetativo das copas e induziu baixa eficiência produtiva. A propagação por estaquia não ofereceu vantagens em relação à enxertia sobre citrumeleiro 'Swingle' e citrangeiro 'Troyer'.The mandarin 'Montenegrina' (Citrus deliciosa Ten. yield from plants propagated either by grafting or cutting was evaluated at the 'Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul' experimental agronomic station, southern Brazil, from 1993 to 1998. Three rootstocks were used in the grafted plants. The rootstocks studied were: 'Swingle' citrumelo [Citrus paradisi Macf. x Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf.] 'Troyer' citrange (Citrus sinensis x P. trifoliata and trifoliate orange (P. trifoliata. The work was done using a randomized

  9. Geochronology Intermediary Laboratory implantation at the Rio Grande do Norte Federal University: the dating of the Serrinha Granitoid (RN) and the correlate Brasiliana extensional deformation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Macedo, Maria Helena F.; Sa, Emanuel F. Jardim de; Souza, Zorano S.; Mendes, Franklin S.; Ramalho, Karlos A.C.

    1997-01-01

    The article describes the activities developed by the Geochronology Intermediary Laboratory at the Federal University of the Rio Grande do Norte, a Brazilian university, where there were the preoccupation of establishing strategies for a geochronological development. It relates the Rubidium-Strontium (Rb/Sr) and Samarium-Neodymium (Sm/Nd) methods, describing the analysis realized in these methodologies. Afterward, it presents the geological and petrographic situation of the Granitoide de Serrinha, located at Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil and its geochronological data

  10. QUALIDADE AMBIENTAL DO RESERVATÓRIO CAJÁ, TABOLEIRO GRANDE (RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ericardo do Nascimento

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available O reservatório Cajá é o manancial responsável por abastecer a cidade de Taboleiro Grande mas, atualmente, sofre com alguns problemas relacionados ao uso e ocupação do entorno, além da diminuição do volume em função da baixa precipitação pluviométrica na região do Alto Oeste Potiguar. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma análise da qualidade ambiental do reservatório Cajá, localizado no município de Taboleiro Grande (RN. A metodologia de abordagem consistiu em leitura de parâmetros de qualidade de água com aparelho multiparâmetro, levantamento pontuais de impactos ambientais, e entrevistas com a população local sobre questões relacionadas ao uso e qualidade das águas do reservatório, tendo como principal foco a percepção ambiental dos munícipes. Os parâmetros utilizados para analisar a qualidade das águas foram: Temperatura, pH, Oxigênio Dissolvido e Condutividade Elétrica. Estabeleceram-se dois pontos no reservatório, onde as leituras foram realizadas em dois períodos sazonais, isto é, na estação seca e chuvosa. O resultado das análises mostrou que o OD e CE não apresentaram os índices estabelecidos pelo CONAMA 357/2005 para o consumo da água para o ser humano. Foram identificadas também algumas fontes que contribuem para a degradação da qualidade da água do manancial

  11. Mapping giant reed (Arundo donax) infestations along the Texas-Mexico portion of the Rio Grande using aerial photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giant reed is an invasive weed throughout the southern half of the United States with the densest stands growing along the coastal rivers of southern California and the Rio Grande in Texas. The objective of this study was to use aerial photography to map giant reed infestations and estimate infested...

  12. On-site evaluation of the suitability of a wetted instream habitat in the Middle Rio Grande, New Mexico, for the Rio Grande silvery minnow (Hybognathus amarus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Two in-situ exposure studies were conducted with the federally-listed endangered Rio Grande silvery minnow (Hybognathus amarus). One-year-old adults were exposed in cages deployed at three sites in the Middle Rio Grande, N. Mex., for 4 days to assess survival and for 26 days to evaluate survival, growth, overall health, and whole-body elemental composition. The test sites were located on the Pueblo of Isleta in the (1) main channel of the Middle Rio Grande, (2) 240-Wasteway irrigation return drain, and (3) wetted instream habitat created below the outfall of the 240-Wasteway irrigation return drain. During the cage exposures, temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity, and turbidity were monitored continuously (15-minute intervals) and common constituents, nutrients, carbons, metals, and pesticides were measured at discrete intervals. In both studies, there were statistical differences in several water-quality parameters among sites; and except for turbidity, these differences were small and were not considered to be biologically significant. The cages used in the 4-day exposure study were ineffective at preventing access to the fish by predators, and survival was highly variable (20 percent to 90 percent) across sites. In the 26-day chronic exposure study, weight and condition factor of caged-exposed fish at all sites were significantly lower than those at test initiation. After 26 days of exposure, there were no significant differences in survival, total length, weight, or condition factor of fish across sites, but absolute weight loss and relative reduction in condition factor were significantly greater in fish at the wetted instream habitat site compared to those at the Middle Rio Grande site. There were no statistical differences in health assessment indices, mesenteric fat indices, or prevalence of abnormalities in cage-exposed fish among sites. Cage-exposed fish had higher health assessment indices and prevalence of fin anomalies and a lower mesenteric

  13. Festas populares e turismo cultural - inserir e valorizar ou es-quecer? O caso dos Moçambiques de Osório, Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribeiro, Marcelo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analises the relations between popular culture, whith religious theme and cultural tourism. The structure of Moçambiques afrobrasilian group, in the Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil and his celebration like a cultural tourism resource. The formulation of cultural policies nearest to touristic policies and one shape of a new preservation and knowledge

  14. Por uma memória do cinema documentário no Rio Grande do Sul: desafios para uma nova historiografia do cinema brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássio dos Santos Tomaim

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de pesquisa bibliográfica e consulta a catálogos e dicionários de filmes brasileiros, buscamos uma compreensão histórica da produção de documentários no Rio Grande do Sul, a fim de problematizar a memória deste cinema. Primeiro foi preciso existir o cinema de não-ficção no Estado, em especial o de curta-metragem, para somente mais tarde ser possível o longa-metragem de ficção gaúcho. Indicativo de que a história do cinema no Rio Grande do Sul não é uma coleção de episódios isolados, como nos fez acreditar a historiografia clássica do cinema brasileiro.

  15. Survey of plants popularly used for pain relief in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Stolz, Eveline D.; Müller, Liz G.; Trojan-Rodrigues, Marilia; Baumhardt, Estela; Ritter, Mara R.; Rates, Stela M.K.

    2014-01-01

    Ethnobotanical data can be an important tool in the search for new drugs. The Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency accepts the registration of herbal medicines based on ethnopharmacological and ethnobotanical studies. With the purpose of increasing the knowledge of potentially useful plants for the treatment of painful conditions, we analyzed the ethnobotanical studies carried out in Rio Grande do Sul state (RS-Southern Brazil); we had access to nineteen studies.To our knowledge, this is the ...

  16. Ensino religioso e assistência religiosa no Rio Grande do Sul: quadros exploratórios = Religious education and religious assistance in Rio Grande do Sul: exploratory frameworks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giumbelli, Emerson

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo de uma perspectiva que se interessa pelas configurações geradas pela relação entre sociedade e religião, o texto aborda dois temas: ensino religioso em escolas públicas e assistência religiosa em instituições destinadas à internação de adolescentes que cumprem medida socioeducativa. A maior parte dos dados refere-se ao Rio Grande do Sul, procurando-se apresentar um quadro exploratório para ambos os temas. Mais especificamente, os resultados incidem sobre as formas que caracterizam o modo de relação entre determinadas instituições públicas e a religião e o modo pelo qual se definem configurações de diversidade religiosa

  17. Espécies do gênero Munida Leach (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae coletadas entre Torres (Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil e Maldonado (Uruguai pelo Programa Rio Grande do Sul (PRS I-II, GEDIP Species of the genus Munida Leach (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae collected between Torres (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and Maldonado (Uruguay, by the Project Rio Grande do Sul (PRS I-II, GEDIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo A.S. de Melo-Filho

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The project PRS-GEDIP was carried out in the Rio Grande do Sul coast, with some few stations off Maldonado (Uruguay, by means of a convention between Instituto Oceanográfico USP (IOUSP and the Grupo Executivo do Desenvolvimento da Indústria da Pesca (GEDIP of Rio Grande do Sul. The purpose of this project was the acquisition of data in order to have a better biotic and abiotic characterization of the southern Brazilian coast. Among the Galatheidae, about 1200 specimens of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 were collected, including five species as follows: Munida flinti Benedict, 1902; M. forceps A. Milne Edwards, 1880; M. iris A. Milne Edwards, 1880; M. irrasa A. Milne Edwards. 1880 and M. longipes A. Milne Edwards, 1880. The description, material examined, remarks and maps of the stations where each species was collected are done.

  18. Energy consumption and economic growth: an analysis for Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, in the period 1980-1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teixeira, Pedro Helio Gomes; Santos, Sara Macedo dos

    1999-01-01

    The aim of this work is to introduce and to analyze the energetic content of the gross domestic product of Rio Grande do Norte (a Brazilian state) economy in the period 1980-1994. Analysis plans, energy supply structure, energy consumption sectorial structure, and economic activity profile are presented. Just the qualitative evaluation is presented

  19. O Rio Grande do Sul no Governo Lula (2003-2010: vantagem competitiva, especialização e emprego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Schumacher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to assess the evolution of employment and identify the economic sectors of the state of Rio Grande do Sul that have competitive advantage and/or specialization in the governments of FHC and Lula. In the analysis, is used the structural-differential method and data from RAIS. It follows that employment increased more in the second mandate of government than in the first, in Brazil and Rio Grande do Sul, and the state growth rate was lower than national in the two mandates. In addition, of 25 sectors analyzed, the region showed competitive advantage in 3 of them in period of 2003- 2006 and in 12 of 2007-2010, which indicates that internal factors weren't the main determinants of regional performance. The specialization was higher at the end of first mandate (14 when compared to the second (12. The state, having a dynamic sector weaker than the national, even with growth, had one dynamic sector (the transport equipment industry in the first Lula government and 4 in the second (mechanic industry; transport equipment industry; wood and furniture industry; and food product industry.

  20. Euglenophyceae de ambientes lênticos na planície costeira do Rio Grande do Sul, Sul do Brasil: gêneros Euglena Ehr. e Lepocinclis Perty Euglenophyceae of lentic environments at the coastal plain of Rio Grande do Sul State, South of Brazil: genera Euglena Ehr. and Lepocinclis Perty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Maria Alves-da-Silva

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados 28 táxons específicos e infra-específicos dos gêneros Euglena Ehr. e Lepocinclis Perty como resultado do estudo do fitoplâncton e perifíton em ambientes lênticos (lagoas, açude e banhados da Lagoa do Casamento e ecossistemas associados (30º03'- 30º34'S e 50º25'- 50º47'W e ecossistemas próximos ao Butiazal de Tapes (30º23'- 30º38'S e 51º16'- 51º29'W na planície costeira do Rio Grande do Sul. As coletas abrangeram as estações de outono e primavera de 2003. As áreas úmidas (banhados associadas à Lagoa do Casamento na primavera de 2003 apresentaram maior riqueza específica destes dois gêneros. Lepocinclis salina Fritsch var. salina foi a espécie que se distinguiu quanto a distribuição por ter ocorrido em 41,2% do total de amostras analisadas. São novos registros para o estado do Rio Grande do Sul e país, L. playfairiana Defl. var. playfairiana e L. boseensis Xie, Qiu & Ling.Twenty eight specific and infra-specific taxa of the genera Euglena Ehr. and Lepocinclis Perty are presented as a result of phytoplankton and periphyton study in lentic systems next to Lagoa do Casamento (30º03'- 30º34'S and 50º25'- 50º47'W and Butiazal de Tapes (30º23'- 30º38'S and 51º16'- 51º29'W, coastal zone of Rio Grande do Sul State. Samples were collected in autumn and spring seasons in 2003. The swamps associated to Lagoa do Casamento in spring of 2003 presented more specific richness of these two genera. Lepocinclis salina Fritsch var. salina distinguished by its distribution, occuring in 41,2% of the analized samples. Two taxa are new records for the State and Brazil: L. playfairiana Defl. var. playfairiana and L. boseensis Xie, Qiu & Ling.

  1. A qualidade sócioambiental em assentamentos rurais do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil The socio-environmental quality of rural settlements in Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kilvia Kalidia Sales de Lima

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O processo de Reforma Agrária é oferecido como uma possível estratégia para redução da pobreza e aumento da equidade social, mas depende de políticas públicas eficientes, tornando os agricultores beneficiados auto-sustentáveis. Objetivando apresentar as principais problemáticas socioambientais de 33 assentamentos rurais do Rio Grande do Norte (nordeste brasileiro, foram avaliados aspectos sociais, econômicos e ambientais de 631 famílias desses assentamentos e de 16 relatórios PRAD (Plano de Recuperação de Áreas Degradadas do período de 2007 a 2010. Observou-se que a emancipação de um assentamento, medida através da geração de renda, grau de escolaridade e mudanças de hábitos ambientais, não está ligada ao seu tempo de fundação, e que a sua renda pouco depende da agricultura, sendo afetada principalmente pela proximidade de centros urbanos, pelo número de aposentados na família e pela participação em programas sociais. Os dados ambientais apontam o baixo nível de escolaridade e a maior idade dos assentamentos como fatores determinantes para o aumento da degradação das Reservas Legais e Áreas de Proteção Permanentes. Esses dados sugerem que o processo de Reforma Agrária ainda é deficiente na região nordeste, não priorizando a independência social dos assentamentos e ignorando a sua temática ambiental.The Brazilian land reform is a possible strategy to reduce poverty and increase social equality, but it depends on efficient public policies capable of making the peasants self-sustainable. With the goal of presenting the main socio-economic challenges of 33 rural settlements of former landless peasants in Rio Grande do Norte State (Northeastern Brazil, we evaluated socio, economic and environmental aspects of 631 families from these settlements and 16 "Restoration Plan for Degraded Areas" (PRAD, prepared between 2007 and 2010. The emancipation of a settlement, measured through income generation, schooling

  2. Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. (Copepoda, Kroyeriidaea gill parasite of the shark, Galeorhinus vitaminicus de Buen, in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. (Copepoda, Kroyeriidae um parasito de guelras do tubarão, Galeorhinus vitaminicus de Buen, no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vernon E. Thatcher

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. from the shark, Galeorhinus vitaminicus de Buen, 1950, from Rio Grande do Sul, State, Brazil, is described on the basis of 14 adult females. The new species is superficially similar to Kroyeria deetsi Dippenaar, Benz & Olivier, 2000, but differs from it in the following characters. The maxillipeds of the new species are large and project well beyond the lateral margins of the cephalothorax. Those of K. deetsi are much smaller. The third endopodal segments of K. deetsi are twice as long as the second endopodal segments and are provided with prominent marginal denticles. The second and third endopodal segments of the new species are rounded, of similar length and lack teeth.Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. proveniente de guelras de G. vitaminicus de Buen, 1950 do Rio Grande do Sul, é descrita baseada em 14 fêmeas adultas. A nova espécie aproxima-se de Kroyeria deetsi Dippenaar, Benz & Oliver, 2000, mas a nova espécie se distingue por apresentar os maxilípedes grandes e estendendo-se bem além das margens do cefalotorax. Os terceiros segmentos dos endopoditos de K. deetsi são duas vezes mais cumpridos que os segundos e têm dentículos marginais proeminentes. Os segundos e terceiros segmentos dos endopoditos da nova espécie são arredondados, de tamanhos parecidos e carecem de dentículos.

  3. Epidemiological profile of acute bacterial meningitis in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Perfil epidemiológico da meningite bacteriana aguda no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallace Andrino da Silva

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM remains a public health problem in Brazil. To evaluate the epidemiology of ABM cases at Giselda Trigueiro Hospital, Rio Grande do Norte, a descriptive retrospective survey was conducted covering 2005 to 2008. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were collected from the epidemiology department of the hospital and analyzed. RESULTS: Out of 168 ABM cases, 24.4%, 10.7%, and 2.4% were, respectively, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenza b, and 5.4% by other bacteria. The mean age was 22.48 ± 18.7 years old. CONCLUSIONS: Streptococcus pneumoniae was the main causative pathogen in the young urban population.INTRODUÇÃO: Meningite bacteriana aguda (MBA permanece um problema de saúde pública no Brasil. Para avaliar a epidemiologia da MBA atendida no Hospital Giselda Trigueiro, Rio Grande do Norte, um estudo retrospectivo-descritivo foi realizado de 2005 a 2008. MÉTODOS: Dados clínicos e laboratoriais foram coletados do departamento de epidemiologia hospitalar e analisados. RESULTADOS: Dos 168 casos de MBA, 24,4%, 10,7% e 2,4% foram, respectivamente, causados por Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis e Haemophilus influenzae b e 5,4% por outras bactérias. A média da idade foi 22,48 ± 18,7 anos. CONCLUSÕES: Streptococcus pneumoniae foi o principal patógeno causador na população urbana jovem.

  4. Characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi Strains Isolated from Chronic Chagasic Patients, Triatomines and Opossums Naturally Infected from the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cloé Duarte Fernandes

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available Thirty-five Trypanosoma cruzi strains were isolated from chronic chagasic patients, triatomines and opossums from different municipalities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Parasites were characterized by means of mice infectivity, enzyme electrophoresis and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD analysis. Twenty-nine strains were isolated from chagasic patients, 4 from triatomines (2 from Triatoma infestans and 2 from Panstrongylus megistus and 2 from opossums Didelphis albiventris. Thirty-three T. cruzi strains were of low and 2 strains of high virulence in mice. Both virulent strains were isolated from P. megistus. Isoenzyme analysis of the strains showed 3 different zymodemes. Eleven strains isolated from chagasic patients and 2 from D. albiventris were Z2. Eighteen strains from patients and 2 from T. infestans were ZB and 2 T. cruzi strains isolated from P. megistus were Z1. RAPD profiles obtained with 4 random primers showed a high genetic heterogeneity of the T. cruzi strains. Zymodeme 2 and ZB strains were the more polymorphic. A band sharing analysis of the RAPD profiles of Z2 and ZB strains using 3 primers, showed a very low percentage of shared bands, 20% among 13 ZB strains and 14% among 13 Z2 strains. According to the isoenzyme results, 3 T. cruzi populations were present in State of Rio Grande do Sul. Zymodeme 2 and ZB strains were found infecting man (domiciliar transmission cycle whereas Z1 strains were found infecting the sylvatic vector P. megistus

  5. Tempo de protrombina e de tromboplastina parcial ativada em caprinos criados extensivamente no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte Prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time in goats raised extensively at Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benito Soto-Blanco

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho objetivou-se estabelecer os padrões de normalidade para tempo de protrombina (TP e tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada (TTPA em caprinos criados extensivamente no estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Foram utilizados 40 caprinos SRD, 13 machos e 27 fêmeas, adultos, com idades entre 1 e 6 anos, todos clinicamente sadios. As amostras sanguíneas foram coletadas por venopunção jugular em tubos contendo citrato de sódio a 3,8%. O plasma foi imediatamente separado por centrifugação e refrigerado a ± 4ºC e, posteriormente, submetido às determinações de TP e TTPA por meio de métodos manuais utilizando kits comerciais. Os valores obtidos para caprinos da região, de 25,4 ± 0,90 e 39,5 ± 1,41 segundos para TP e TTPA, respectivamente, estavam dentro da normalidade.This study aimed to establish normal pattern for the prothrombin time (PT and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT in goats extensively raised at Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. A total of 40 clinically healthy adult goats (13 males and 27 females aged 1 to 6 years-old was used. Blood samples were collected from jugular vein in tubes containing 3.8% of sodium citrate. The plasma was immediately separated by centrifugation and refrigerated at ± 4ºC and after submitted to PT e APTT determinations through manual methods using commercial kits. The results for goats in the region of 25.4 ± 0.90 and 39.5 ± 1.41 seconds, respectively, for PT and APTT were in an adequate range.

  6. Perspectivas de jovens universitários da Região Norte do Rio Grande do Sul em relação à paternidade Las perspectivas de jóvenes universitarios de la región norte del estado de Rio Grande do Sul en relación a la paternidad Perspectives about paternity by young male university students from the northern region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleci Terezinha Perosa

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A visão do jovem em relação à paternidade e envolvimento com futuros filhos tem sido um assunto de veiculação ainda incipiente na nossa realidade. Este estudo, descritivo, qualitativo e exploratório, teve como objetivos estudar as perspectivas de jovens universitários da Região Norte do Rio Grande do Sul quanto à paternidade, estudar sua visão em relação à sua criação e educação para a paternidade e identificar como as instituições (família, grupo de amigos, escola influenciam no seu desenvolvimento e modo de pensar. Realizou-se na Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões, RS, com oito jovens universitários com idades entre 20 e 24 anos. Os dados coletados por grupo focal e entrevistas foram analisados mediante análise temática e apontaram para relevância da família, o papel do pai, estabilidade financeira, a importância da companheira, o papel do matrimônio e o jeito de ser pai na construção de suas vidas e paternidade.La visión del joven en relación a la paternidad y la relación con futuros hijos es un asunto que ha aparecido de forma reciente e incipiente en nuestra realidad. Este estudio, descriptivo, cualitativo y exploratorio, tuvo como objetivos: estudiar las perspectivas de los jóvenes universitarios de la Región Norte de Rio Grande do Sul, en lo que se refiere a la paternidad; estudiar su visión en relación a su creación y educación para la paternidad e identificar como las instituciones (familia, grupo de amigos, escuela influyen en su desarrollo y modo de pensar. Se realizó en la Universidad Regional Integrada del Alto Uruguay y de las Misiones, en Rio Grande do Sul, con ocho jóvenes universitarios con edades entre 20 y 24 años. Los datos recolectados, por grupo focal y entrevistas, fueron analizados mediante análisis temático y apuntaron para la relevancia de la familia; el papel del padre, la estabilidad financiera, la importancia de la compañera, el papel del

  7. Geology of Santa Rita Coal Basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correa da Silva, Z.C.; Bortoluzzi, C.A.; Cazzulo-Klepzig, M.; Dias-Fabricio, M.E.; Guerra-Sommer, M.; Marques-Toigo, M.; Paim, P.S.G.; Piccoli, A.E.M.; Silva Filho, B.C.

    1984-04-01

    Data on the sedimentology, stratigraphy, palynology, coal petrography and geochemistry of the Santa Rita Coal Basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, are presented. The investigations were carried out on samples obtained from drill cores of the sedimentary rocks of Tubarao Supergroup, Lower Permian of Parana Basin. (25 refs.)

  8. Rio Grande transboundary integrated hydrologic model and water-availability analysis, New Mexico and Texas, United States, and Northern Chihuahua, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Randall T.; Ritchie, Andre; Boyce, Scott E.; Ferguson, Ian; Galanter, Amy; Flint, Lorraine E.; Henson, Wesley

    2018-05-31

    Changes in population, agricultural development and practices (including shifts to more water-intensive crops), and climate variability are increasing demands on available water resources, particularly groundwater, in one of the most productive agricultural regions in the Southwest—the Rincon and Mesilla Valley parts of Rio Grande Valley, Doña Ana and Sierra Counties, New Mexico, and El Paso County, Texas. The goal of this study was to produce an integrated hydrological simulation model to help evaluate water-management strategies, including conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater for historical conditions, and to support long-term planning for the Rio Grande Project. This report describes model construction and applications by the U.S. Geological Survey, working in cooperation and collaboration with the Bureau of Reclamation.This model, the Rio Grande Transboundary Integrated Hydrologic Model, simulates the most important natural and human components of the hydrologic system, including selected components related to variations in climate, thereby providing a reliable assessment of surface-water and groundwater conditions and processes that can inform water users and help improve planning for future conditions and sustained operations of the Rio Grande Project (RGP) by the Bureau of Reclamation. Model development included a revision of the conceptual model of the flow system, construction of a Transboundary Rio Grande Watershed Model (TRGWM) water-balance model using the Basin Characterization Model (BCM), and construction of an integrated hydrologic flow model with MODFLOW-One-Water Hydrologic Flow Model (referred to as One Water). The hydrologic models were developed for and calibrated to historical conditions of water and land use, and parameters were adjusted so that simulated values closely matched available measurements (calibration). The calibrated model was then used to assess the use and movement of water in the Rincon Valley, Mesilla Basin

  9. Os ciganos do Rio Grande do Norte : caminhos e trânsitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisabete Coradini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the first registers made by partnerships between research groups and support, such as the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (RN and the Pastoral of the Nomads of Brazil (Pastoral dos Nômades do Brasil, the state of RN has a Gypsy population of around 5 400 people. This population is distributed in twelve cities in the state, where 70% of this total are sedentary Gypsies. The aim of this study is to provide an initial mapping, drawing a picture of the situation in which they are. For this, we used qualitative methods, including present observation, as well as interviews and audiovisual registration along with the Gypsy comunities on the periphery of the city of Natal and in the interior of RN.

  10. The Rio Grande do Norte electric power market: the competitiveness that won't come

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Neilton Fidelis da; Pernambuco Univ., Recife

    1999-01-01

    The central issue of debate was the need to align the energy sector's options and organization with changing global patterns of economic and social development, characterized by the increasing role played by the private sector, greater integration in the world economy, and new economic and social priorities such as efficiency, decentralization, deregulation, and a closer attention to environmental issues. The aim of the work was to analyze the Rio Grande Norte, a Brazilian state, electric power market after privatization advent based on regulations established by National Agency of Electric Energy

  11. A review of the ticks (Acari, Ixodida of Brazil, their hosts and geographic distribution - 1. The State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evans DE

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of the ticks (Acari, Ixodida of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, was completed as a step towards a definitive list (currently indicated as 12 of such species, their hosts and distribution. The ticks: Argas miniatus (poultry, Ixodes loricatus (opossums, Amblyomma aureolatum (dogs, A. calcaratum (anteaters, A. cooperi (capybaras, A. nodosum (anteaters, A. tigrinum (dogs (Neotropical and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (dogs (introduced, cosmopolitan, Afrotropical were confirmed as present, in addition to the predominant, Boophilus microplus (cattle (introduced, pan-tropical, Oriental. Of the further 18 species thus far reported in the literature as present in the state, but unavailable for examination: only Ornithodoros brasiliensis (humans and their habitations (Neotropical, Ixodes affinis (deer (Nearctic/Neotropical and I. auritulus (birds (Nearctic/Neotropical/Afrotropical/ Australasian are considered likely; 13 species would benefit from corroborative local data but the majority appear unlikely; reports of A. maculatum (Nearctic/Neotropical, but circum-Caribbean are considered erroneous; the validity of A. fuscum is in doubt. The very recent, first known report of the tropical Anocentor nitens (horses(Nearctic/Neotropical, but still apparent absence of the tropical A. cajennense (catholic (Nearctic/Neotropical and the sub-tropical/temperate Ixodes pararicinus (cattle (Neotropical in Rio Grande do Sul are important for considerations on their current biogeographical distribution and its dynamics in South America. The state has relatively long established, introduced ("exotic", Old World tick species (B. microplus, R. sanguineus that continue to represent significant pests and disease vectors to their traditional, introduced domestic animal hosts, cattle and urban dogs. There are also indigenous, New World ticks (A. miniatus, O. brasiliensis, A. aureolatum, A. nitens, as both long established and possibly newly locally

  12. Trypanosoma cruzi strains from triatomine collected in Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Rimoldi Ribeiro

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Collection of triatomines in domestic, peridomestic and sylvatic environments in states of Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul, Northeastern and Southern Brazil respectively, and isolation of Trypanosoma cruzi strains. METHODS First, the captured triatomines were identified using insect identification keys, then their intestinal content was examined by abdominal compression, and the samples containing trypanosomatid forms were inoculated in LIT medium and Swiss mice. RESULTS Six triatomine species were collected in cities in Bahia, namely Panstrongylus geniculatus (01, Triatoma melanocephala (11, T. lenti (94, T. pseudomaculata (02, T. sherlocki (26 and T. sordida (460, and two in cities in Rio Grande do Sul, namely T. circummaculata (11 and T. rubrovaria (115. Out of the specimens examined, T. cruzi was isolated from 28 triatomine divided into four different species: T. melanocephala (one, T. lenti (one, T. rubrovaria (16 and T. sordida (10. Their index of natural infection by T. cruzi was 6.4%. CONCLUSIONS The isolation of T. cruzi strains from triatomines found in domestic and peridomestic areas shows the potential risk of transmission of Chagas disease in the studied cities. The maintenance of those T. cruzi strains in laboratory is intended to promote studies that facilitate the understanding of the parasite-vector-host relationship.

  13. Analysis of entrance skin radiation dose in mammography equipment in Rio Grande do Sul state (Ijui municipality and surroundings) and Rio de Janeiro (metropolitan area)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Araujo, Geovane Silva; Padilha Filho, Lucas Gomes; Sousa, Carlos Henrique Simoes de; Feldmann, Gerson; Albrecht, Marcos R.A.; Souza, Sergio Augusto Lopes de

    2016-01-01

    Mammography is the technique widely used to the early detection of breast cancer, despite of not being a consensus the ideal age to initiate the radiologic examinations, it is recommended that women with the age of forty realize the examinations periodically. With the objective to analyze the entrance skin dose (ESD) in different mammography equipment, Were analyzed in the Estate of Rio Grande do Sul (Ijui City and neighborhoods) and in Rio de Janeiro (metropolitan area) 24 mammography equipment. Among them included in the study, just one presented ESD higher than the established limit of ANVISA. It was observed in the mammography equipment of Ijui and neighborhoods high levels of mAs to achieve the values of ESD next to the limit. (author)

  14. Consumption of alcohol in mental health services in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Prado Kantorski

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Alcoholism has been a major concern of public health worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, approximately 76.3 million people presented problems of alcohol abuse in 2004. Therefore, the risks arising from the association of psychiatric disorders with alcohol consumption should also be considered in the context of mental health services. Objective: This study aimed to analyze alcohol consumption by the users of Therapeutic Residential Services- SRT and Psychosocial Care Centers- CAPS in five municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methodology: The present study is part of a research entitled Rehabilitation Networks - REDESUL, carried out from September to December 2009 in five municipalities of the aforementioned Brazilian state. The total sample comprised 392 users: 143 from the SRT and 270 from the CAPS services, with intersection of 21 members. Results: The results showed that of the 392 care service users, only 29 had consumed alcohol during the four weeks prior to the survey. The majority of these 29 users were between 31 and 59 years old, male, single, and only n = 13 (48.28% reported being aware of their psychiatric disorders, with prevalence of schizophrenia n = 7 (24.13% followed by bipolar disorders n = 3 (10.34%. Conclusion: It is necessary that the mental health teams are also trained to work with alcohol users, regardless of the type of mental health service they work for, and that they develop actions in relation to guidance on alcohol consumption, treatment adherence, rehabilitation, and integration of users to the community.

  15. Monocyclic supracrustals at far west of Rio Grande do Norte, in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sa, E.F.J. de; Macedo, M.H.F.; Sa, J.M.

    1986-01-01

    A geochronological study of supracrustals and intrusive rocks from Rio Grande do Norte, in Brazil, is presented. Leucogranites and felsic metavolcanics were dated by Rb-Sr method. A summary of geologic relationship is given to supply the geochronological interpretation. (M.C.K.) [pt

  16. Caracterização geral do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amneris Morschheiser Cortazzi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Constitui-se de informações referentes à posição geográfica, área, população, relevo, clima, vegetação, hidrografia, entre outros elementos, referentes ao Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.

  17. RiSA: A Science Festival for the Bilingual and Bicultural Rio Grande Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Key, Joey Shapiro; Torres, Cristina; Stone, Robert

    2014-03-01

    The Rio Grande Science and Arts (RiSA) Festival organized by the Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy (CGWA) at the University of Texas at Brownsville (UTB) will use a wide variety of artforms to bring physics and science topics to the bilingual and bicultural population of the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas. The science and art faculty at UTB will partner with art and education professionals to create an annual community event celebrating science though art. Music, dance, poetry, and visual arts will headline the festival activities. Festival events and products will be produced in both English and Spanish to attract and inform the bilingual local community. The RiSA Festival is supported by the Science Festival Alliance and the Sloan Foundation. Supported by the Science Festival Alliance and the Sloan Foundation.

  18. Prevalence and concomitants of arthritis in the elderly in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio L Blay

    Full Text Available Information on the prevalence and concomitants of arthritis in developing countries is sparse. It is unclear whether they are comparable to findings in developed countries. To ascertain the prevalence, demographic characteristics, and health-related concomitants of arthritis in older persons in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, a middle income country.The state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, was subdivided into nine regions. Stratified random sampling was used to identify 880 community residents age ≥60 years in each region. One region with suspect data was excluded. Of 7040 community residents contacted in eight regions, 6963 participated (1.1% refusal rate. In 1995, trained, monitored interviewers, using structured questionnaires, conducted in-home interviews gathering information on demographic characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, living arrangements, employment status, health behaviors (physical activity, tobacco use, social activity, functional limitations, depression, and 15 self-reported health conditions, including arthritis. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression.Arthritis, reported by 43% of the sample, was more prevalent in women, among the less educated, those with lower income, and higher age. Severity, but not prevalence, differed by race/ethnicity. Controlled analyses indicated significant association with female gender, lower education, and less social activity. Arthritis was associated with reduced odds of stroke, but increased odds of hypertension, varicosities, bronchitis, renal problems, headache, gastrointestinal disorders, and depression. Arthritis was not significantly associated with age or functional limitations, and associations did not differ by gender.The prevalence, demographic and health characteristics associated with self-reported arthritis in this southern state in Brazil are similar to findings elsewhere in Brazil, and in developed

  19. SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL FOOD SECURITY OBSERVATORY: ANALYSIS OF FOOD PRODUCTION INDICATORS AT THE MUNICIPAL LEVEL IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica Cristina da Siqueira

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1990, the theme of Human Rights and Food Security (FS has been developed in Brazil, culminating in the construction of the National Policy and Plan of Food Security (PNSAN Observatório Socioambiental em Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional: análise dos indicadores... Redes (St. Cruz Sul, Online, v. 21, nº 2, p. 49 - 62, maio/ago. 2016 50 and PLANSAN 2012/2015. The PLANSAN proposes sixty indicators divided into seven dimensions, which are clearly related to the Millennium Development Goals. In order to operationalize these indicators in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS, the Socio-Environmental Food Security Observatory of Rio Grande do Sul (OBSSAN-RS was created in partnership with the State Council for Nutrition and Food Security (CONSEA-RS and the Informatics Department of UFRGS. In this context, the aim of this paper is to present the analysis of indicators of Dimension I (Food Production of the OBSSAN-RS at municipal level, discussing the importance of this tool for monitoring the establishment of the Human Right to Adequate Food (DHAA. The data available to the municipal level were compared with the indicators suggested by PLANSAN. It was observed that although contemplate important information for understanding the context of food production in the municipalities of the state, the proposed indicators have not reached entirely the requirements to monitoring the SAN in this territorial level, so adapting it is necessary to rating the state of SAN in municipalities of the RS.

  20. Características, sintomas depressivos e fatores associados em mulheres encarceradas no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Characteristics, depressive symptoms, and associated factors in incarcerated women in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Canazaro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou traçar o perfil, descrever as características sociodemográficas e clínicas da mulher prisioneira, além de verificar a prevalência de sintomas depressivos e de desesperança, uso, abuso e dependência de drogas e álcool. Participaram 287 mulheres de uma Penitenciária Feminina do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. O delineamento foi de um estudo quantitativo e transversal. Os achados mostram que o perfil caracteriza-se por ser solteira, jovem, ter no mínimo dois filhos, ter exercido atividades informais e geralmente de baixo status social e/ou econômico, possuir até o Ensino Fundamental incompleto. Foi encontrada alta prevalência de sintomas depressivos e uso, abuso e dependência de drogas, porém baixa prevalência de sintomas de desesperança. Diversos fatores, principalmente ligados à vida pregressa das participantes, foram associados significativamente com os sintomas depressivos.The study's objective was to describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of women inmates and verify the prevalence of depressive symptoms and hopelessness and drug and alcohol use, abuse, and addiction. The sample included 287 inmates at a Women's Penitentiary in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. The study design was quantitative and cross-sectional. According to the findings, the typical female inmate was single, young, had at least two children, had worked in the informal market, and had low social and/or economic status and incomplete primary schooling. There was a high prevalence of depressive symptoms and drug use, abuse, and addiction, but a low prevalence of symptoms of hopelessness. Various factors, especially linked to the participants' life history, were significantly associated with depressive symptoms.

  1. Dermatofitoses humanas no interior do Rio Grande do Sul no período 1988-1992 Human dermatophytoscs in Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil: 1988-1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge O. Lopes

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O espectro dos dermatófitos na região central do Rio Grande do Sul demonstrou importante variação na frequência das espécies no período 1988-1992. As espécies antropofilicas Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale e Epidermophyton floccosum diminuíram em frequência, enquanto as espécies zoofílicas Microsporum canis e T. mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes apresentaram sensível aumento. São comentadas as alterações na relação parasita/hospedeiro em função das alterações na morfología dos agentes e a dificuldade do isolamento destes agentes em cultivo.The relative frequency of the dermatophytes in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, have changed during a survey carried out from 1988-1992. The frequency of the antropophilic species T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale and E.floccosum have decreased in comparison with the zoophilic species M. canis and T. mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes. The relationship host/parasite and the low rate growth of dermatophytes in culture are discussed.

  2. Moscas frugívoras associadas a mirtáceas e laranjeira "Céu" na região do Vale do Rio Caí, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Frugivorous flies in myrtaceans and orange trees 'Céu' in the region of Vale do Rio Caí, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tacimara Gattelli

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve o objetivo de reconhecer as espécies de moscas frugívoras em mirtáceas: Eugenia uniflora L., Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg., Psidium cattleianum Sabine, Psidium guajava L. e Acca sellowiana (Berg. Burret., bem como em Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck (Rutaceae, na região do Vale do Caí, RS. Os frutos foram coletados no período de maturação de cada espécie frutífera, entre outubro de 2004 e julho de 2005, levados ao laboratório e acondicionados em potes com areia mantidos a 25 ± 1°C; 80 ± 10% UR e fotofase de 12 horas. Os pupários obtidos foram individualizados e suas características foram registradas. De Tephritidae foi registrada apenas Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann e de Lonchaeidae Neosilba n. sp. 3, Neosilba zadolicha McAlpine & Steyskal e Neosilba certa (Walker. As duas últimas são novos registros para o Rio Grande do Sul. Apenas em P. cattleianum foram registradas todas as espécies de moscas encontradas neste trabalho. Os resultados evidenciam que A. fraterculus é a espécie de mosca-das-frutas de maior ocorrência para a região do Vale do Caí, RS, nas frutíferas estudadas.This study aimed at recognizing frugivorous flies species in Myrtaceae: Eugenia uniflora L., Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg. Psidium cattleianum Sabine, Psidium guajava L. and Acca sellowiana (Berg. Burret., as well as in Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck (Rutaceae, at Vale do Cai region, Rio Grande do Sul. Fruits were collected at the maturation stage of each fruit species between October 2004 and July 2005, and at the laboratory they were placed in pots with sand and were kept at 12h photoperiod, 80 ± 10% RH and 25 ± 1°C. Pupae were individualized and their characteristics were recorded. In Tephritidae only Anastrepha fraterculus (Wied. was recorded and in Lonchaeidae, Neosilba n. sp. 3, Neosilba zadolicha McAlpine & Steyskal and Neosilba certa (Walker. These last two species were recorded for the first time in Rio Grande do Sul. Only on

  3. Distribution of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in soils of Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malanca, A.; Pessina, V.; Dallara, G.

    1996-01-01

    A survey programme aimed at studying the environmental radioactivity in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Norte was undertaken. Fifty-two soil samples, together with two rock and two uraniferrous ore samples were collected from the eastern and central regions of this state. Concentrations of radioelements in samples were determined by γ-ray spectrometry. The average concentrations of 226 Ra, 232 Th, and 40 K in the surveyed soils were 29.2 ± 19.5 (SD), 47.8 ± 37.3, and 704 ± 437 Bq kg -1 , respectively. Higher values were found in the rock samples. The distributions of 226 Ra and 232 Th were fitted by log-normal curves. Radiological measurements carried out with a portable scintillometer at the sampled sites revealed an average absorbed dose rate of 55 ± 27 (SD) nGy h -1 . Computed dose rates obtained through the Beck formula ranged from 15-179 nGy h -1 , with a mean value of 72.6 ± 38.7 (SD) nGy h -1 , and their distribution fitted a log-normal curve. An annual average effective dose equivalent of 552 μSν (range: 117-1361 μSν) was estimated for 51 sites in Rio Grande do Norte. (author)

  4. Chemical signature study of tupiguarani ceramic tradition from Central region of the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bona, Irene Akemy Tomiyoshi

    2006-01-01

    In this work a model based on experimental results using chemical composition data of the pottery sherds applied to Spearmann's no parametric test, principal component analysis and discriminant analysis, was applied. The samples are soils and Tupiguarani Tradition pottery sherd from the central area of the Rio Grande do Sul State. The chemical elements , Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Fe, K Mn, Pb, Rb, S, Si, Sr, Ti, V and Zn were determined by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXFR) while Ce, Cu, Gd, La, Nd, Pr, Sm, Th and Y by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP-MS) techniques. Relationships among the pottery characteristics, studied sites and sherd dispersion in the several sites were proposed. Indications of chemical signature of the small pottery with function to go or not to the fire were observed. The largest dispersion is of small pottery with surface treatment no corrugated. The potteries chemical fingerprints from Ijui River, Ibicui-Vacacai Mirim River and Jacui River were verified. (author)

  5. Salmonelloses in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, 2002 to 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Rech Wagner

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Salmonella has been identified as the main aetiological agent responsible for foodborne diseases in several countries worldwide, including Brazil. In the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS, southern Brazil, previews studies analysed official foodborne illnesses data, identifying Salmonella as the main bacterial agent of foodborne diseases during the period of 1997 to 2001. The present study aimed to analyse the official epidemiological data on salmonelloses occurred in the State of RS, during the period of 2002 to 2004. Even though data on recent salmonelloses were available, only data concerning the period comprising in 2002 to 2004 were analysed because the official worksheet records presented more consistent information about the salmonellosis outbreaks. Results indicated that, among the 624 foodborne outbreaks officially investigated, 202 (32.37% were confirmed as salmonellosis. Among them 23,725 people were involved, 4,148 became sick, 1,878 were hospitalized and one person died. The season with the highest incidence of salmonelloses was spring, and the most affected age group was composed of people aged between 20 to 49 years old (56.66%. Animal origin foods -especially eggs and meat products -were very often involved with the outbreaks, however homemade mayonnaise was identified as the main food vehicle for salmonelloses (53.51%. The majority of the cases occurred inside private homes (55.81% and food services (12.1%, and the main factors contributing to the occurrence of the outbreaks were the consumption of products without sanitary inspection (26.7% and exposure of food at room temperature for more than two hours (18.58%. Similarly to what was previously reported for the period of 1997 to 2001, Salmonella spp. was the most prevalent foodborne disease agent in the State of RS during the years of 2002 to 2004.

  6. Salmonelloses in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, 2002 to 2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Vanessa Rech; Silveira, Josete Baialardi; Tondo, Eduardo Cesar

    2013-01-01

    Salmonella has been identified as the main aetiological agent responsible for foodborne diseases in several countries worldwide, including Brazil. In the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), southern Brazil, previews studies analysed official foodborne illnesses data, identifying Salmonella as the main bacterial agent of foodborne diseases during the period of 1997 to 2001. The present study aimed to analyse the official epidemiological data on salmonelloses occurred in the State of RS, during the period of 2002 to 2004. Even though data on recent salmonelloses were available, only data concerning the period comprising in 2002 to 2004 were analysed because the official worksheet records presented more consistent information about the salmonellosis outbreaks. Results indicated that, among the 624 foodborne outbreaks officially investigated, 202 (32.37%) were confirmed as salmonellosis. Among them 23,725 people were involved, 4,148 became sick, 1,878 were hospitalized and one person died. The season with the highest incidence of salmonelloses was spring, and the most affected age group was composed of people aged between 20 to 49 years old (56.66%). Animal origin foods--especially eggs and meat products--were very often involved with the outbreaks, however homemade mayonnaise was identified as the main food vehicle for salmonelloses (53.51%). The majority of the cases occurred inside private homes (55.81%) and food services (12.1%), and the main factors contributing to the occurrence of the outbreaks were the consumption of products without sanitary inspection (26.7%) and exposure of food at room temperature for more than two hours (18.58%). Similarly to what was previously reported for the period of 1997 to 2001, Salmonella spp. was the most prevalent foodborne disease agent in the State of RS during the years of 2002 to 2004.

  7. Use of contraceptive methods by sexually active teenagers in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil Uso de métodos anticoncepcionais em adolescentes sexualmente ativos de 15 a 18 anos em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarissa Lisbôa Arla da Rocha

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the prevalence of contraceptive use by adolescents. A cross-sectional study was performed from March to September 2002 in a representative sample of adolescents 15 to 18 years of age in the urban area of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Multiple-stage sampling was used, and in the 448 census tracts located in the urban area, 90 were sampled and households were visited in each tract. Information was collected on sexual initiation and use of contraceptive methods. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions. The sample included 960 adolescents. 88% of subjects reported the use of any contraceptive method. Condoms were the most commonly used method (63.2%. Low adolescent schooling was the only variable associated with increased risk of non-use of contraceptives. Condom use was higher among males, adolescents whose mothers had 9 or more years of schooling, and those reporting several sexual partners in the previous year. Condoms were the most commonly used contraceptive method.O estudo avaliou o uso de métodos contraceptivos em adolescentes. Entre março e setembro de 2002, realizou-se um estudo transversal na zona urbana da cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A amostragem foi em múltiplos estágios, 90 dos 448 setores censitários da zona urbana de Pelotas foram sorteados e em cada setor 86 residências foram visitadas. Considerou-se a informação do adolescente sobre a prática de relações sexuais e do uso de métodos contraceptivos. Nas comparações entre as proporções utilizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado. Foram entrevistados 960 adolescentes, enquanto que para 79 não foi possível realizar a entrevista. Aproximadamente 88% dos adolescentes usavam algum método contraceptivo. O preservativo masculino foi encontrado como o método mais usado naqueles adolescentes que têm relação sexual (63,2%. A escolaridade do adolescente foi a única variável associada com o uso de contraceptivos. O

  8. Turismo no Rio Grande do Sul: A Presença Turística em Nova Petrópolis, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Roseli Schommer

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O município de Nova Petrópolis é parte da região turística da Serra Gaúcha, no Rio Grande do Sul, cuja relação inicial com o Turismo se deu em função de sua localização, junto ao caminho que conduz a Gramado, um dos principais destinos turísticos no Brasil. Este artigo tem por objetivo reunir e sistematizar informações sobre a trajetória histórica do Turismo no local, utilizando-se para tal a história oral, ancorada em entrevistas e tendo como outros suportes a pesquisa documental e bibliográfica. Busca-se, ainda, estabelecer os possíveis diálogos com a história regional do Turismo no Rio Grande do Sul. Os resultados destacam a importância da etnicidade, no caso, da germanidade, para o desenvolvimento turístico do município de Nova Petrópolis, primeiro a partir das expressões culturais ali presentes e, num segundo momento, com incentivo a sua reprodução com a criação de Parque Aldeia do Imigrante, um parque temático da cultura germânica.   Tourism In Rio Grande Do Sul: The Historical Presence In Nova Petrópolis, RS, Brazil - The municipality of Nova Petrópolis is part of the touristic region of the Serra Gaúcha, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, whose initial relationship with tourism occurred because of its localization on the way to Gramado. The objective of this article is to put together and systematize information about the historical trajectory of tourism in the place. For this purpose oral history was used anchored in interviews and having other supports such as documental and bibliographic research. It was also sought to establish the possible dialogues with the regional history of tourism in Rio Grande do Sul. The results highlight the importance of ethnicity, specifically germanity, for the touristic development of the municipality of Nova Petrópolis, firstly because of the cultural expression found there and secondly for the incentive to its reproduction with the creation of the Parque Aldeia do

  9. Geohydrology of White Rock Canyon of the Rio Grande from Otowi to Frijoles Canyon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purtymun, W.D.; Peters, R.J.; Owens, J.W.

    1980-12-01

    Twenty-seven springs discharge from the Totavi Lentil and Tesuque Formation in White Rock Canyon. Water generally acquires its chemical characteristics from rock units that comprise the spring aquifer. Twenty-two of the springs are separated into three groups of similar aquifer-related chemical quality. The five remaining springs make up a fourth group with a chemical quality that differs due to localized conditions in the aquifer. Localized conditions may be related to recharge or discharge in or near basalt intrusion or through faults. Streams from Pajarito, Ancho, and Frijoles Canyons discharge into the Rio Grande in White Rock Canyon. The base flow in the streams is from springs. Sanitary effluent in Mortandad Canyon from the treatment plant at White Rock also reaches the Rio Grande

  10. Alfredo Ferreira Rodrigues e uma notícia histórica e descritiva do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco das Neves Alves

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Representando o típico "homem das letras" de seu tempo, o historiador rio-grandino Alfredo Ferreira Rodrigues constitui-se em nome emblemático da produção cultural rio-grandense, dedicando-se à carreira de historiador, colecionou dados e documentos fundamentais à reconstrução histórica riograndense-do-sul. Seja por meio de livros, ensaios, artigos de jornais ou no famoso Almanaque Literário e Estatístico do Rio Grande do Sul, periódico por ele coordenado, Ferreira Rodrigues legou um significativo manancial de informações/interpretações históricas. Recebendo a influência do contexto histórico-historiográfico no qual esteve inserido, Alfredo Ferreira Rodrigues, por sua vez, elaboraria uma série de premissas que influenciaram vários dos discursos historiográficos entabulados no cenário sul-rio-grandense. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar algumas destas redes de influências presentes no trabalho Notícia histórica e descritiva do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.

  11. Self-medication in university students from the city of Rio Grande, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Self-medication is the use of medication without prescription, orientation, or supervision of a physician or dentist. Self-medication might become a serious health problem. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and factors associated with self-medication among first and last-year students enrolled in healthcare and non-healthcare programs. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Of 830 students in the sample, 95% answered the questionnaire – 789 students enrolled in 10 undergraduate programs. Mean age was 22 ± 6.17 years. The students answered a questionnaire covering socio-economic and demographic variables, use of medication, and medication knowledge. Information was collected on the conditions treated with medication, the medications used, and attitude towards self-medication. Results Of 789 students, 86.4% self-medicated (88.5% of 446 healthcare students). There were no significant differences in self-medication between healthcare and non-healthcare students, nor between first and last-year students. Bivariate and multivariate analyses showed a significant association between self-medication and having children (p = 0.01), having a home pharmacy (p Illicit drug use was significantly associated with self-medication in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion The fact that being a healthcare student was associated with higher medication knowledge, but not with less self-medication, suggests that medication knowledge might contribute to increase self-medication. This should be taken into account when designing educational interventions relating to self-medication. PMID:22568959

  12. Remote sensing techniques for monitoring the Rio Grande Valley cotton stalk destruction program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richardson, A.J.; Gerbermann, A.H.; Summy, K.R.; Anderson, G.L. (Department of Agriculture, Weslaco, TX (United States))

    1993-09-01

    Post harvest cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) stalk destruction is a cultural practice used in the Rio Grande Valley to suppress over wintering populations of boll weevils (Anthonomus grandis Boheman) without using chemicals. Consistent application of this practice could substantially reduce insecticide usage, thereby minimizing environmental hazards and increasing cotton production profits. Satellite imagery registered within a geographic information system was used to monitor the cotton stalk destruction program in the Rio Grande Valley. We found that cotton stalk screening procedures based on standard multispectral classification techniques could not reliably distinguish cotton from sorghum. Greenness screening for cotton plant stalks after the stalk destruction deadline was possible only where ground observations locating cotton fields were available. These findings indicate that a successful cotton stalk destruction monitoring program will require satellite images and earth referenced data bases showing cotton field locations.

  13. RESCUE OF Cucurbita spp. GERMPLASM IN RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GRACE KELLY LEITE DE LIMA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Com objetivo de resgatar germoplasma de Cucurbita spp. da agricultura familiar do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, quantificar a variabilidade fenotípica e identificar as principais espécies cultivadas, foram organizadas 17 expedições para coleta de acessos, nos municípios de Baraúna, Rio do Fogo e Touros (principais fornecedores de frutos para o comercio estadual e de mais oito municípios de diferentes microrregiões do Estado (Apodi, Caraúbas, Ceará Mirim, Cerro Corá, Currais Novos, João Câmara, Lagoa Nova e Macaíba. Cada acesso coletado foi composto por um fruto ou aproximadamente vinte sementes fornecidas pelo próprio agricultor. Todos os acessos foram identificados quanto à espécie botânica e realizados os procedimentos de acondicionamento, identificação e armazenamento das sementes em câmara fria para preservação do material. Uma amostra dos acessos coletados como frutos e uma pequena parte dos acessos obtidos como sementes da espécie C. moschata foram multiplicados usando-se autofecundação das plantas. Plantas e frutos foram caracterizados preliminarmente com auxílio de descritores morfológicos. Resgatou-se acessos em todos os municípios visitados, sendo 112 de C. moschata e 50 de C. maxima. Verificou-se predominância do cultivo da espécie C. moschata bem como constatou-se grande variabilidade para vários descritores de planta e fruto nos acessos que foram caracterizados.

  14. Contribution to a macromycete survey of the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Sobestiansky, Georg

    2005-01-01

    Collections of macromycetes made in seven municipalities in southern Brazil, viz. six in Rio Grande do Sul and one in Santa Catarina, are listed. They belonged to the Myxomycota (6 spp.), Ascomycota (54 spp.) and Basidiomycota (189 spp.). First records for Brazil could be Battarrea phalloides, Amanita rubescens, Boletus edulis and Mycena filopes, the last three found under exotic Pinus.São listadas as coletas executadas pelo autor em sete municípios no sul do Brasil, sendo seis no estado de R...

  15. Triagem de hemoglobinopatias em doadores de sangue de Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: prevalência em área de colonização italiana Screening for hemoglobinopathies in blood donors from Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: prevalence in an Italian colony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Lucia Alberti Lisot

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A alta prevalência de beta-talassemia em italianos e a participação dos mesmos na formação étnica da cidade de Caxias do Sul e arredores, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, conduziram-nos à investigação de hemoglobinopatias em uma amostra de 608 doadores de sangue do Hemocentro Regional de Caxias do Sul. Apesar da influência étnica, encontramos 1,81% de hemoglobinas anormais (0,16% Hb AC, 0,99%, Hb AS e 0,66% Hb AH, um padrão similar com o estudo do interior do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul para alterações qualitativas. Para as talassemias, as técnicas mais comuns, cruzadas com seqüenciamento de DNA, em nossas mãos, não foram capazes de esclarecer anormalidades quantitativas da hemoglobina. Esse resultado pode ser atribuído a alterações genéticas ainda não conhecidas, a limitações técnicas ou, mais simplesmente, à miscigenação.The high prevalence of beta thalassemia among Italians and their participation in the ethnic formation of Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and neighboring cities prompted us to investigate hemoglobinopathies in 608 blood donors at the Caxias do Sul Regional Blood Center. Despite the ethnic influence, abnormal hemoglobin levels were found in only 1.81% of the donors (0.16% Hb AC, 0.99% Hb AS, and 0.66% Hb AH, similar to the levels observed in a study on qualitative disorders conducted in the rural area of Rio Grande do Sul. In our setting, the most commonly used screening tests for thalassemia, combined with DNA sequencing, were unable to detect quantitative hemoglobin synthesis disorders. This may be attributable to still-unknown genetic disorders, technical limitations, or simply to miscegenation.

  16. Enxertia herbácea em Myrtaceae nativas do Rio Grande do Sul Herbaceans grafiting in native Myrtaceae on Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane Silva Lattuada

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi testar a viabilidade da técnica de enxertia herbácea em frutíferas nativas da família Myrtaceae. O experimento foi realizado em casa de vegetação do Departamento de Horticultura e Silvicultura/ UFRGS, em Porto Alegre. Duas espécies de Myrtaceae nativas foram usadas, tanto como porta-enxerto quanto como enxerto, Eugenia uniflora (Pitangueira e E. involucrata (Cerejeira-do-rio-grande ou Cerejeira-do-mato, totalizando quatro combinações. O método de enxertia adotado foi por garfagem em fenda cheia, em ramos herbáceos, com diâmetro médio do porta-enxerto de 0,1cm, enquanto os ramos dos enxertos apresentavam diâmetro médio entre 0,08 a 0,1cm, para as duas espécies. As análises foram quinzenais e, após 70 dias, foram analisadas estatisticamente a pega e a altura média das brotações emitidas. O delineamento experimental foi o completamente casualizado, com quatro repetições, sendo cada unidade experimental composta de cinco enxertos. Os resultados indicaram pega de 60% na combinação Pitangueira-Pitangueira (porta enxerto - enxerto. As demais combinações mostraram-se ineficientes.The objective of this study was to test the viability of the technique of green grafting in natives Myrtaceae. The experiment was conducted in greenhouse conditions of the Departamento de Horticultura e Silvicultura / UFRGS, in Porto Alegre. Two species of Myrtaceae were used, as well as rootstock and as graft, Eugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry and E. involucrata (Rio-grande-cherry or Cherry of the woods, totaling four combinations. The adopted grafting method consisted to cleft the graft on herbaceous branches, with an average diameter of the rootstock of 0.1 cm, while the branches of the grafts had an average diameter between 0.08 to 0.1 cm for both species. The observations were carried out every two weeks, and after 70 days were statiscally analyzed. The experimental design was completely randomized with four

  17. REESTRUTURAÇÃO PRODUTIVA NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Fransualdo de Azevedo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este articulo es analizar el proceso de reestruturación produtiva del sistema capitalista, discu- tiendo sus distintas dimensiones, concretamente la económica, social, política y técnica. Se trata, por tanto, de explicar como este proceso se à desarrollando em el territorio de Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil, teniendo em cuenta las vuejas y nuevas materialidades que constituyen este proceso de producción del espacio durante las últimas décadas. Al mismo tiempo que lo ayudan a explicar. Desde el punto de vista metodológico, se hace una breve revisión teórica y conceptual acerca de la recolección de datos y la sistematización y ana- lisi de los datos procedentes de fuentes oficiales. Como son las secretarias y los organos gubernamentales -Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Instituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Meio Ambiente do Rio Grande do Norte, Agência Nacional de Petróleo, Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas Empresas- y también algunas instituciones académicas, como es el caso del Observatório das Metrópoles. De todo ello parece desprenderse que los años 1980/90 estuvieron marcados por cambios importantes em el proceso de producción del espacio potiguar, destacando em particular los que estuvieron asociados a los incentivos estatales, em consonancia con acciones e intenciones del capítal privado interessado em el fo- mento de la reeestructuración de las actividades em todo el arco de la estructura económica: las actividades agropeciarias, la pesca, y la carcinicultura, así como el turismo, la extracción minera, la construcción de infrestructuras públicas, la industria textil, el comercio y los servicios.

  18. Pólen de gimnospermas e angiospermas em sedimentos quaternários de duas matas com Araucária, planalto leste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Gymnosperm and angiosperm pollen in Quaternary sediments from two Araucaria forests on the Rio Grande do Sul State eastern plateau, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Scherer

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Catálogos polínicos de material contido em sedimentos servem como referência em estudos de reconstituição paleoambiental dos últimos milênios. Nesse contexto, a análise palinológica de dois perfis sedimentares do interior de matas com Araucária do estado do Rio Grande do Sul foi realizada. São apresentadas descrições dos grãos de pólen e dados ecológicos dos respectivos táxons de gimnospermas e angiospermas. A análise envolveu amostras de dois perfis sedimentares do Quaternário Tardio de São Francisco de Paula (perfil 1: Alpes de São Francisco, 29º29'S-50º37'W, perfil 2: Banhado Amarelo, 29º18'S-50º08'W, coletados com o Amostrador de Hiller. O processamento químico das amostras seguiu o método padrão, com HCl, HF, KOH, acetólise e montagem das lâminas em gelatina-glicerinada. A análise foi realizada em microscopia óptica. A descrição de cada material é acompanhada de ilustrações. São apresentados palinomorfos de três gimnospermas e 65 angiospermas. A grande riqueza do espectro polínico mostra a potencialidade deste material em oferecer informações ambientais relevantes no estudo da gênese e dinâmica da mata com Araucária.Sedimentary pollen catalogues are aids in the study of paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the last millennia. In this context, palynological analysis of two sedimentary profiles from inside Araucaria forests of Rio Grande do Sul state was done. Descriptions of gymnosperm and angiosperm pollen and ecological data of the respective taxa are presented. The analysis involved samples of two sedimentary profiles from the Late Quaternary of São Francisco de Paula (profile 1: Alpes de São Francisco, 29º29'S-50º37'W, profile 2: Banhado Amarelo, 29º18'S-50º08'W, collected with a Hiller Sampler. Chemical processing of the samples followed standard methodology, using HCl, HF, KOH, acetolysis and slide mounts in glycerol-jelly. The analysis was done by light microscopy. All material is

  19. ANÁLISE CROMÁTICA DE VINHOS TINTOS DA VARIEDADE CABERNET SAUVIGNON DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    OpenAIRE

    Mariele dos Santos

    2011-01-01

    No Estado do Rio Grande do Sul a produção de uvas é uma atividade já consolidada, de significativa importância socioeconômica, responsável por cerca de 90% da produção nacional de uvas, vinhos e derivados. Neste sentido, o vinho é um importante produto devido ao valor agregado que transfere para as vinícolas e para os produtores de uvas. São cinco as principais regiões vitivinícolas do Rio Grande do Sul: Serra do Nordeste, Campanha, Serra do Sudeste, Região Central e Campos de Cima da Serra. ...

  20. The Influence of the Actor Network on the Innovative Process of Transgenic Soybean in Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doriana Daroit

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Rio Grande do Sul was the first Brazilian state to plant genetically modified soybean. The sowing occurred in 1998 with Roundup Ready soybean seeds from Monsanto smuggled from Argentina. The aim of this study is to investigate how this innovative process of planting transgenic soybean came about in Rio Grande do Sul based on the actor network involved in the period 1998 to 2003. Although the innovative process has been discussed in the literature on innovation management since the work of Schumpeter, there is still no clear understanding of the issues of interests and power that involve the innovative process. Given this, from within the literature we have sought a perspective that would understand the innovative process as being political. We adopted Actor Network Theory as a base for the discussion of the primary and secondary data obtained regarding the controversy surrounding transgenic soybean in RS. The results point to the existence of two translation chains that contribute towards the formation of actor networks.

  1. O estágio de ovo dos Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil The egg stage of Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Dell'Erba

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando-se da microscopia de luz e de varredura, são descritos e ilustrados os ovos dos seguintes Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil: Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Stichel, 1907, Dione juno juno (Cramer, 1779, Dione moneta moneta Hübner, 1825, Dryadula phaetusa (Linnaeus, 1758, Dryas iulia alcionea (Cramer, 1779, Philaethria wernickei (Röber, 1906, Eueides isabella dianasa (Hübner, 1806, Eueides aliphera aliphera (Godart, 1819, Heliconius ethilla narcaea Godart, 1819, Heliconius besckei Ménétriés, 1857 e Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius, 1775. Com base em diferenças morfológicas genéricas e ultraestruturais, associadas aos padrões de uso das plantas hospedeiras, elaborou-se uma chave dicotômica para a identificação das espécies.Based upon light and scanning electron microscopy, the external morphology of the egg stage is described and illustrated for the following Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae from Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Stichel, 1907, Dione juno juno (Cramer, 1779, Dione moneta moneta Hübner, 1825, Dryadula phaetusa (Linnaeus, 1758, Dryas iulia alcionea (Cramer, 1779, Philaethria wernickei (Röber, 1906, Eueides isabella dianasa (Hübner, 1806, Eueides aliphera aliphera (Godart, 1819, Heliconius ethilla narcaea Godart, 1819, Heliconius besckei Ménétriés, 1857, and Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius, 1775. A dichotomic key is provided for their identification, based upon differences at the levels of generic and ultrastructural morphology, and variation in host-plant use.

  2. A face oculta(da dos movimentos sociais: trânsito institucional e intersecção Estado-Movimento - uma análise do movimento de economia solidária no Rio Grande do Sul The hidden face of social movements: institutional transit and State-movement intersection - an analysis of the movement of solidarity economy in Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Kunrath Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As relações entre movimentos sociais, partidos políticos e Estado tornaram-se, nas últimas décadas, um dos focos centrais de problematização teórica e investigação empírica no campo de estudos sobre movimentos sociais. Inserindo-se nesse debate, o presente artigo propõe uma perspectiva de análise que possibilite apreender diferentes padrões de relação entre política institucionalizada e política não institucionalizada e, particularmente, como tais padrões oportunizam processos distintos de organização e atuação dos movimentos sociais. Para explorar as possibilidades analíticas de tal perspectiva, aborda-se a trajetória de militantes do denominado movimento de economia solidária no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Através dessas trajetórias, é possível identificar um processo organizativo que não apenas não se dá externamente ao Estado, mas é, em grande medida, fomentado por agentes e políticas governamentais. Ao contrário de abordar e criticar tal processo como exemplo de cooptação, instrumentalização ou colonização do movimento de economia solidária pelo Estado, busca-se mostrar que ele é fruto de um complexo padrão de relações entre sociedade civil e Estado, mediadas por partidos políticos (e, particularmente, pelo Partido dos Trabalhadores - PT, que emerge e se consolida no Brasil ao longo dos últimos 25 anos.The relations between social movements, political parties and the State has become, during the last decades, one of the central subjects of both theoretical inquiring and empirical research in the field of social movements studies. Inserted in this debate, the present paper offers an analytical perspective that allows apprehending distinct patterns of relation between institutionalized and non-institutionalized politics and, particularly, the way in which such patterns enable distinct processes of organization and action by social movements. In order to explore the analytical possibilities of

  3. Phenolic compounds in Merlot wines from two wine regions of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eugenio Daudt

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, the grape and wine production takes place mainly in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, and the region "Serra" is known as the traditional wine region. In the last years, new areas have emerged, with emphasis for the Campanha region; the red wines from this region have low acidity, little color intensity, and are wines to drink while young, even when produced from grape varieties such as Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different maceration types on the phenolic compounds of Merlot wines made with grapes produced in two regions of Rio Grande do Sul, Serra and Campanha, as well as to identify the key differences between the wines produced. The localization of the vineyards seems to have more influence on the wine characteristics than the maceration type. The color due copigmentation was an important aspect in the wines made with short maceration. The effect of extended maceration was different than the expected for the Campanha region wines; the extended maceration increased the extraction of tannins resulting in greater color intensity and a greater amount of anthocyanins. The pH control seems to be a key factor for the Campanha region wines.

  4. Clima e vegetação natural do estado do Rio Grande do Sul segundo o diagrama climático de Walter e Lieth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The natural vegetation in the State of Rio Grande do Sul was related to climatic availability through the climatic diagram of Walter and Lieth (1967. Values of mean monthly air temperature and rainfall from 41 meteorological stations during the period 1931-1960 were taken into account. For each meteorological station, a graph was plotted with months in the x axis and monthly air temperature and rainfall in the two y axis considering the y axis with rainfall two fold the y axis with air temperature. Results showed that Rio Grande do Sul as a whole fits in the zonobioma of warm humid temperate climate and forest vegetation. These results indicate the phytoclimate model of Walter and Lieth (1967 is not appropriate to represent the geographic distribution of the natural vegetation of the State, because this type of vegetation is not only that which covers the State that because it also parents praises.

  5. Diet of Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818 (Carnivora: Mustelidae in three limnic systems in Southern Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Marques Quintela

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present work was to study the diet of Lontra longicaudis in three limnic systems (anthropogenic shallow lakes, pluvial channel and coastal stream in Rio Grande do Sul State coastal plain, southern Brazil. Fishes were the most consumed item in all the three systems, being Mugilidae the most representative family in the pluvial channel and coastal stream and Cichlidae in the shallow lakes. Other identified items were mollusks, insects, crustaceans, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals and vegetal fragments. The high frequency of birds in the shallow lakes was remarkable, considering the lower frequencies of this item in previous investigations on the species diet. There was a high frequency of swamp eels (Synbranchidae, Synbranchus marmoratus in the pluvial channel and shallow lakes, which were usually absent or found in low frequencies in previous studies.

  6. [Working and health conditions of preschool teachers of the public school network of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Luciane Goulart; da Silva, Marcelo Cozzensa

    2013-11-01

    This study describes the working and health conditions of preschool teachers from the public school network in Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul. A descriptive census was conducted in schools of the city and the state that offered preschool classes. The questionnaire included social and demographic, behavioral, nutritional, health and work issues. All teachers were female, more than 55% were classified as being overweight, 12.6% were smokers and 73% were not sufficiently physically active during their leisure time. With respect to the working conditions, 66.7% reported working in an uncomfortable posture, 40.5% considered the desks and furniture inadequate, 50.5% replied that the intervals between classes and activities are insufficient for resting. The prevalence of back, thoracic, neck and shoulder pain was high, and 17.8% tested positive for minor psychiatric disorders. The prevalence rates for occupational exposure and poor health conditions of preschool teachers are significant and can interfere in the quality of life and work of these individuals.

  7. Agricultura familiar e políticas públicas: impacto do PRONAF no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Sacco dos Anjos

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available A aparição do Programa Nacional de Fortalecimento da Agricultura Familiar (PRONAF marca um momento singular na trajetória do processo de intervenção estatal na agricultura e no mundo rural do Brasil. Apesar de avanços no aperfeiçoamento e ampliação do universo de cobertura, o programa permanece ancorado numa ambigüidade básica tanto em termos do público-alvo a ser beneficiado quanto aos objetivos essenciais que persegue, onde, na retórica oficial, mesclam-se orientações tipicamente produtivistas com compromissos mais amplos, como a geração de empregos, a inclusão social e o desenvolvimento territorial. O artigo em questão desenvolve uma análise do PRONAF à luz de recente pesquisa realizada no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, inserida no contexto de um convênio firmado entre o PCT/IICA-PRONAF e a Fundação de Economia de Campinas - FECAMP para montar um sistema de acompanhamento das ações do Ministério do Desenvolvimento Agrário e avaliar os impactos deste programa. Os dados finais mostram fortes evidências de diferenciação social dentre os produtores familiares.The PRONAF (Programa Nacional de Fortalecimento da Agricultura Familiar creation defines a unique moment regarding state intervention in Brazilian agriculture. Despite enhancements and covering ampliation this program still show ambiguity related even with its benefited public or its essential objectives. Regarding official rethoric productive orientation is mixed with more general goals like job creation, social inclusion, and territorial development. This paper tries to analyze PRONAF considering recent research carried out in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil, which was an agreement between IICA (Inter American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture and Brazilian Government to create an action monitoring system and evaluate their impacts. Final data indicates strong evidences of social differentiation among family farmers.

  8. A Percepção sobre Carreira dos Funcionários de uma Empresa Automotiva do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Beatriz Busato Garay

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Os estudos sobre carreira têm se mostrado relevantes na área de gestão de pessoas, entretanto, a maioria das pesquisas relativas ao tema é voltada a gerentes e diretores de grandes corporações.  Este artigo, por sua vez, tem como objetivo conhecer a percepção sobre carreira de funcionários das áreas administrativa e de produção de uma empresa automotiva situada na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. Esta pesquisa, com abordagem qualitativa, caracteriza-se como um estudo de caso de natureza exploratório-descritiva. O quadro teórico utilizado contempla o contexto histórico das teorias de carreira, suas concepções e significados e sua gestão. Para obtenção dos dados, utilizaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas, realizadas com doze funcionários. A escolha dos respondentes considerou que eles não ocupassem cargos de gerência ou direção na organização, bem como seu nível de escolaridade. Os dados obtidos foram analisados quanto ao conteúdo e revelaram que a maioria dos entrevistados entende carreira como sinônimo de evolução ou ascensão profissional. Esses funcionários, de níveis hierárquicos inferiores, relacionam sua permanência na organização ao oferecimento de possibilidades de satisfação pessoal, crescimento e motivação profissional.

  9. Paediatric dialysis and renal transplantation in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, C; Goldani, J; Garcia, V

    1992-01-01

    Renal replacement therapy (RRT) for Brazilian children with uraemia has been utilized since 1970 in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. One hundred and eighty patients receiving this therapy between 1970 and 1988 have been reviewed. The annual acceptance rate of new paediatric patients in this period increased from 0.6 to 6.5 patients per million child population. Glomerulonephritis (36.1%) and pyelonephritis including urological anomalies (31.7%) were the most frequent causes of end-stage renal disease. Outpatient hospital haemodialysis was the primary form of dialytic treatment in patients 5-15 years of age. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis was more often used in patients less than 5 years of age. The survival after 1 year on dialysis was 79.9% for children aged 5-15 years starting dialysis during the period 1985-1988. Fluid overload with congestive heart failure and infection were the main causes of death in children on dialysis. Eighty-four children received 93 grafts; only 14 (15%) were from cadaveric donors. One-year patient and graft survival of first living-related donor transplants were 92.2% and 78.5% respectively during the period 1985-1988. Infection accounted for 43.5% of deaths after transplantation. We conclude that RRT is becoming increasingly successful for children in our region but that greater emphasis upon patient compliance with all forms of RRT and upon cadaver kidney donation is needed.

  10. Marine leech Ozobranchus margoi parasitizing loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sanguessugas Ozobranchus margoi parasitando uma tartaruga cabeçuda (Caretta caretta no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Rosane Rodenbusch

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the finding of several Ozobranchus margoi (Annelida: Hirudinea parasitizing a loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta that was found in the municipality of Tavares, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Since this parasite is considered to be a vector of chelonid herpesvirus 5 (ChHV-5, the leeches collected were tested for the presence of this virus. All the specimens were negative on PCR analysis. Although O. margoi is considered to be a common sea turtle parasite, this is the first official record describing collection of this parasite from a loggerhead turtle in southern Brazil, within the country's subtropical zone. This finding draws attention to the presence of this parasite and to the risk of leech-borne infectious diseases among turtles found along the coast of southern Brazil.Este artigo relata a descoberta de vários exemplares de Ozobranchus margoi (Annelida Hirudínea parasitando uma tartaruga cabeçuda (Caretta caretta encontrada no município de Tavares, Rio Grande do Sul, sul do Brasil. Uma vez que esse parasito é considerado vetor do chelonid herpesvirus 5 (ChHV 5, as sanguessugas foram testadas para a presença deste vírus. Todas as amostras foram negativas pela análise de PCR. Embora o O. margoi seja considerado um parasito comum de tartarugas marinhas, este é o primeiro registro oficial que descreve a coleta deste parasita em uma tartaruga cabeçuda no sul do Brasil, dentro da zona subtropical do país. Este achado chama a atenção para a presença deste parasita e para o risco de sanguessugas transmitirem doenças infecciosas em tartarugas no litoral sul do Brasil.

  11. [Court-ordered access to treatment of rare genetic diseases: Fabry Disease in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartori Junior, Dailor; Leivas, Paulo Gilberto Cogo; Souza, Mônica Vinhas de; Krug, Bárbara Corrêa; Balbinotto, Giacomo; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2012-10-01

    Court-ordered access to high-cost drugs for rare genetic diseases, such as Fabry Disease (alpha-galactosidase-A deficiency), is a growing phenomenon as yet lacking systematic study. An observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study was conducted to characterize the lawsuits related to access to treatment for Fabry Disease by Enzyme Replacement Therapy in the State of Rio Grande do Sul prior to 2007. The study identified 13 lawsuits and 17 plaintiffs, 11 requesting alfa and 6 betagalsidase. The State of RS, the Federal Government, and 5 municipalities figured as defendants, in the form of joinder of parties or otherwise. There were 13 requests for interlocutory relief of which 12 were granted, and 2 sentences were handed down, both favorable. "Risk of death" was alleged by doctors in 4 prescriptions and by lawyers in the 13 lawsuits. The data suggest the lack of discussions combining aspects of medical efficacy and safety, cost-effectiveness, economic impact, and legal and constitutional arguments, which requires a specific policy for rare genetic diseases to standardize access to treatment.

  12. Hallazgo de Triatoma platensis Neiva, 1913 (Hemiptera, Triatominae en el estado brasileño de "Rio Grande do Sul" Finding of Triatoma platensis Neiva, 1913 (Hemiptera, Triatominae in the Brazilian State of "Rio Grande do Sul"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Salvatella

    1991-02-01

    Full Text Available Triatoma platensis Neiva 1913 (Hemiptera, Triatominae, especie ornitófila, con área de dispersión conocida en Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay y Uruguay es notificada en un primer registro para Brasil. Hallada en el municipio de Uruguaiana (Río Grande do Sul en nidos de Anumbius annumbi (Vieillot, 1817 (Passeriformes, Furnariidae donde cohabitaba con cricétidos de la especie Orizomys flavescens. Ningún ejemplar de los siete colectados se presentó infectado por Trypanosoma cruzi.Triatoma platensis, an ornitophilic species, found in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay is reported for the first time in Brazil. It was found in the county of Uruguaiana (Rio Grande do Sul in nests of Anumbius annumbi (Vieillot, 1817 (Passeriformes, Furnariidae where it cohabited with cricetids belonging to the species Orizomys flavescens. None of the seven individuals collected were infected by Trypanosoma cruzi.

  13. Colonization of the eastern bluebird along the Rio Grande in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jean-Luc E. Cartron; Michael D. Means; David L. Hawksworth; Deborah M. Finch

    2007-01-01

    During the 20th century the Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) expanded its range westward, mainly as a result of anthropogenic alteration of habitats. Along the Rio Grande in New Mexico the species' numbers in winter have recently increased spectacularly, and from 1999 through 2004 four records of breeding were published. Here we report 30...

  14. Diagnóstico do sistema de gestão dos parques naturais municipais do norte do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Fátima Casanova

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The situation of the majority of national parks in the country remains irregular, even years after the establishment of the first Conservation Unit. New regulations and current laws still do not guarantee the best management system of these areas, which are inadequately offered to public use. The objective of this research is to evaluate the management system of Conservation Units of the category “Natural City Parks” in the north region of Rio Grande do Sul. Four factors were analyzed during the survey and diagnosis of the current management of these parks: environmental, social, economic/financial and institutional. By means of questionnaires given to managers and visits to the areas, some positive and negative aspects in each of the parks were analyzed as ways of understanding the existing problems, so that future action can be efficiently taken in order to preserve the protected areas in the north region of Rio Grande do Sul State.

  15. Self-medication in university students from the city of Rio Grande, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corrêa da Silva Marília

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Self-medication is the use of medication without prescription, orientation, or supervision of a physician or dentist. Self-medication might become a serious health problem. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and factors associated with self-medication among first and last-year students enrolled in healthcare and non-healthcare programs. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Of 830 students in the sample, 95% answered the questionnaire – 789 students enrolled in 10 undergraduate programs. Mean age was 22 ± 6.17 years. The students answered a questionnaire covering socio-economic and demographic variables, use of medication, and medication knowledge. Information was collected on the conditions treated with medication, the medications used, and attitude towards self-medication. Results Of 789 students, 86.4% self-medicated (88.5% of 446 healthcare students. There were no significant differences in self-medication between healthcare and non-healthcare students, nor between first and last-year students. Bivariate and multivariate analyses showed a significant association between self-medication and having children (p = 0.01, having a home pharmacy (p p = 0.01. The most frequently used active ingredients were acetaminophen (paracetamol, dipyrone, aspirin, phytotherapic compounds, and tea. Illicit drug use was significantly associated with self-medication in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion The fact that being a healthcare student was associated with higher medication knowledge, but not with less self-medication, suggests that medication knowledge might contribute to increase self-medication. This should be taken into account when designing educational interventions relating to self-medication.

  16. Variabilidade temporal e espacial do tamanho de amostra da temperatura mínima do ar no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cargnelutti Filho Alberto

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de verificar a existência de variabilidade temporal e espacial do tamanho de amostra da temperatura mínima do ar média mensal de trinta e sete municípios do Rio Grande do Sul, utilizaram-se os dados de temperatura mínima do ar do período de 1931 a 2000. Determinou-se o tamanho de amostra da temperatura mínima do ar média mensal em cada mês e município. Realizou-se análise de agrupamento dos meses e dos municípios pelo método hierárquico "vizinho mais distante". Há variabilidade do tamanho de amostra (número de anos para a estimativa da temperatura mínima do ar média mensal no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul no tempo e no espaço. Maior tamanho de amostra, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, é necessário nos meses de maio, junho e julho, com diminuição gradativa em direção a janeiro e dezembro. Há variabilidade do tamanho de amostra entre os municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.

  17. LAGOAS COSTEIRAS:PATRIMÔNIO AMBIENTAL DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane Lanzer

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Lagos e lagunas costeiras estão distribuídos nos diversos continentes. A Planície Costeira do Rio Grande do Sul possui um sistema de lagoas que teve origem nos processos de transgressão e regressão marinha durante o Pleistoceno e Holoceno. A gênese destes corpos de água tem um importante papel na sua caracterização ecológica e biodiversidade. Para efeito de estudo, o litoral rio-grandense pode ser dividido em três áreas que se distinguem, especialmente, quanto ao seu uso e impacto antrópico: litoral norte, de Torres a Quintão, se caracteriza pela concentração de veranistas; no litoral médio, até a Lagoa do Peixe e litoral sul, ao sul da barra da Lagoa dos Patos, há predomínio de atividades agrícola e pastoril, com uso da águas para irrigação. As Unidades de Conservação existentes na costa não contribuem com a preservação destes ecossistemas. O mau uso das lagoas tem contribuído para sua eutrofização, destruindo a biodiversidade, ainda pouco conhecida, e acelerando o processo de envelhecimento natural.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: lagoas costeiras; patrimônio ambiental; turismo; sul do Brasil. ABSTRACT:Lakes and coastal lagoons are distributed in the several continents. The Coastal Plain of Rio Grande do Sul has a system of coastal lake that was shaped by Pleistocene and Holocene transgression and regression phases. The origin of these lakes has an important role to the biodiversity and ecological conditions. The coastal of Rio Grande do Sul, in this study, can be divided into three distinguished areas , specially about their use and antropic impacts: north coast, from Torres to Quintão, has a great concentration of tourists; medium coast until the Lagoa do Peixe and south coast has more agricultural and cattle raising activities, with water use to irrigation. The protected areas in the Coastal Plain doesn’t improve the preservation of these ecosystems. The incorrect use of the lakes has initiated

  18. Projecting avian responses to landscape managment along the middle RIO GRANDE, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lack of flooding due to river impoundments on the middle Rio Grande has contributed to the spread of exotic vegetation with dense understory fuel loads. Restoration has focused on understory vegetation thinning but it is unclear how these actions impact bird populations. We quantified densities of ...

  19. Modelo de Negócio na Agroindústria do Leite no Estado do Rio Grande do SulThe Business Model in Agro industry of Milk in the Stare of Rio Grande do SulModelo de Negocio en la Agroindustria Lechera en el Estado de Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANTOS, Alessandra Santos dos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOA Cadeia Produtiva do leite no Rio Grande do Sul, onde este produto se mostra como principal fonte de renda é representada por um grande número de pequenos e médios produtores. A eficiência dessas empresas reflete no desenvolvimento de suas regiões. Sendo assim, buscou-se verificar neste estudo como algumas agroindústrias de leite praticam a gestão de seus recursos para responder as demandas ambientais desse setor. Os resultados encontrados refletiram uma preocupação maior com os recursos físicos, entretanto estes não são sustentados pela imobilidade e pela heterogeneidade, podendo comprometer a sustentabilidade dos negócios no longo prazo.ABSTRACTThe Productive Chain of milk in the Rio Grande do Sul is represented by a small number of and medium producers, where this product is the main source of income. The efficiency of these companies reflects in the development of its regions. The goal of this research was to verify how some milk agro industry coordinates the resources to respond for the environment demand in this sector. The results showed a major attention with the physical resource. However, it is not sustainable due to its immobility and heterogeneity fact that can compromise sustainability of business in long run.RESUMENLa cadena productiva de la leche en Rio Grande del Sur, está representada por gran número de pequeños y medios productores, que tienen en este producto su principal fuente de ingresos. La eficiencia de estas empresas se manifiesta en el desarrollo de sus regiones. Por este motivo, este estudio trató de analizar, cómo algunas agroindustrias lecheras practican la gestión de sus recursos para responder a las demandas ambientales de ese sector. Los resultados encontrados demostraron que la principal preocupación radicaba en los recursos físicos, que aunque no se apoyan en la inmovilidad ni en la heterogeneidad, pueden perjudicar el desarrollo sostenible de los negocios a largo plazo.

  20. Dating by thermoluminescence 127 pottery fragments collected from 4 archaeological sites in Taquari valley, Rio grande do Sul state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Shigueo; Cano, Nilo F.; Gennari, R.F.; Goncalves, D.C.; Machado, Neli T.G.

    2011-01-01

    127 fragments of pottery from excavation of four archaeological sites in Taquari Valley, close to Lajeado, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil have been dated by thermoluminescence. After usual crushing, sieving, immersing in HCl solution and then in HF solution, accumulated dose, Dac, (or equivalent or paleodose) has been measured using additive method. The annual dose rate of natural radiation was estimated from uranium, thorium and potassium content in both soil from where these fragments have been collected and in fragments itselves. Cosmic ray contribution was added. The interesting finding is that the glow curves of quartz grains from sites enumerated 101, 110 and 114 indicated rare variety of quartz known as reddish quarts, whereas the glow curves of quartz grains, from the site numbered 107 are equal to these of usual quartz (hyaline). Results of dating and the properties of reddish quartz will be discussed. (author)

  1. Resíduos de agrotóxicos na água de rios da Depressão Central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Residues of pesticides in the water of the Depression Central rivers in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enio Marchesan

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available A atividade orizícola é conduzida com uso intensivo de agrotóxicos, os quais, dependendo do manejo e das precipitações pluviais, podem chegar até os rios. O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar resíduos dos herbicidas clomazona, quincloraque, propanil, bentazona, 2,4-D e imazethapyr e dos inseticidas carbofurano e fipronil nos rios Vacacaí e Vacacaí-Mirim, situados na Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul, nas safras de 2003/04 a 2007/08, com coletas realizadas de novembro a fevereiro (cultivo do arroz. As análises dos herbicidas e do carbofurano foram realizadas por HPLC-DAD, e a análise do fipronil foi realizada por GC-ECD. Na safra 2003/04, em ambos os rios, os herbicidas clomazona, 2,4-D e propanil foram os mais frequentes nas amostras de água. Na safra 2004/05, o quincloraque foi detectado em maior número de amostras, já nas safras 2005/06 e 2006/07 fipronil foi o agrotóxico mais frequente nas amostras nos rios Vacacaí e Vacacaí-Mirim. Na safra de 2007/08, houve menor presença de resíduos de agrotóxicos nos rios Vacacaí e Vacacaí-Mirim. Há presença de agrotóxicos utilizados na lavoura de arroz nos rios Vacacaí e Vacacaí-Mirim durante o período de cultivo de arroz irrigado, destacando-se, entre os analisados, os herbicidas clomazona e quincloraque e o inseticida fipronil.The rice-growing activity is conducted out with intensive use of agrochemicals, which, depending on the management and rainfall can reach rivers. The study aimed to determine the residues of herbicides clomazone, quinclorac, propanil, bentazone, 2,4-D and imazethapyr and insecticides carbofuran and fipronil in the Vacacaí and Vacacaí-Mirim rivers, located in the Central Depression of Rio Grande do Sul, in the crop of 2003/04 untill 2007/08. Samples were collected from November to February (rice growing season. Analysis of herbicides and carbofuran were performed by HPLC-DAD and fipronil by GC-ECD. During 2003/04, in both rivers, the herbicide

  2. Mammal assemblage of the agroecosystem constituents of the Várzea River Basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil doi: 10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n4p91

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Bortolotto Peters

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide recent information on the richness of mammals along the agroecosystems of the Rio da Várzea Basin, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. We used different fi eld techniques to confi rm the occurrence of 46 mammal species in this area. Nine species are threatened in at least one of the three "red lists" at state, national and global levels. Adding the up-to-date results obtained in the fi eld to available data, mainly for conservation units, we present a richness of 85 species recorded for the basin. This number represents about 50% of mammals documented for Rio Grande do Sul state. The results suggest the importance of maintaining protected areas in altered regions, confi rming the relevance of inventories of local fauna as a fi rst approach to specifi c studies addressed to distribution, systematics, cytogenetics, physiology, population and community ecology.

  3. Comparison of total Hg results in sediment samples from Rio Grande reservoir determine by NAA and CV AAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Franklin, Robson L.

    2011-01-01

    The Rio Grande reservoir is located in the Metropolitan area of Sao Paulo and it is used for recreation purposes and as source water for drinking water production. During the last decades has been detected mercury contamination in the sediments of this reservoir, mainly in the eastern part, near the main affluent of the reservoir, in the Rio Grande da Serra and Ribeirao Pires counties. In the present study bottom sediment samples were collected in four different sites into four sampling campaigns during the period of September 2008 to January 2010. The samples were dried at room temperature, ground and passed through a 2 mm sieve. Total Hg determination in the sediment samples was carried out by two different analytical techniques: neutron activation analysis (NAA) and cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CV AAS). The methodology validation, in terms of precision and accuracy, was performed by reference materials, and presented a recovery of 83 to 108%. The total Hg results obtained by both analytical techniques ranged from 3 to 71 mg kg-1 and were considered similar by statistical analysis, even though NAA technique furnishes the total concentration while CV AAS using the 3015 digestion procedure characterizes only the bioavailable Hg. These results confirm that both analytical techniques were suitable to detect the Hg concentration levels in the Rio Grande sediments studied. The Hg levels in the sediment of the Rio Grande reservoir confirm the anthropogenic origin for this element in this ecosystem. (author)

  4. Plants used as antidiabetics in popular medicine in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trojan-Rodrigues, M; Alves, T L S; Soares, G L G; Ritter, M R

    2012-01-06

    Plants are widely as antidiabetics. The study of these plants is essential because many of them may have undesirable effects, such as acute or chronic toxicity; or their use may even delay or discourage the adoption of the proper and effective treatment. The present study surveyed the plant species that are popularly used to treat diabetes mellitus in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil. Sixteen ethnobotanical surveys performed in the state were consulted, and the species used to treat diabetes were listed. For species cited in at least two of the studies, scientific data related to antidiabetic activity were searched in the ISI Knowledge database. The scientific binomial of each species was used as keywords, and data found in review papers were also included. A total of 81 species in 42 families were mentioned; the most important families were Asteraceae and Myrtaceae. Twenty eight species were cited at least twice as being used to treat diabetes in the state. For 11 of these, no scientific data regarding antidiabetic activity could be located. The species most frequently mentioned for use with diabetes were Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) and Bauhinia forficata (Fabaceae), in 12 studies each, followed by Sphagneticola trilobata (Asteraceae), in six studies; and Baccharis trimera (Asteraceae), Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae), Cynara scolymus (Asteraceae), and Leandra australis (Melastomataceae) in four studies each. Bauhinia forficata and Syzygium cumini have been studied in more detail for antidiabetic activity. A considerable number of plant species are traditionally used for the treatment of diabetes melitus in the Rio Grande do Sul State. The majority of those plants that have been studied for antidiabetic activity showed promising results, mainly for Bauhinia forficata and Syzygium cumini. However, for most of the plants mentioned, the studies are not sufficient to guarantee the efficacy and safety in the use of these plants in the treatment against

  5. Quality of water and sediment in streams affected by historical mining, and quality of Mine Tailings, in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin, Big Bend Area of the United States and Mexico, August 2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Rebecca B.; Kolbe, Christine M.; Belzer, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the International Boundary and Water Commission - U.S. and Mexican Sections, the National Park Service, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, the Secretaria de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales in Mexico, the Area de Proteccion de Flora y Fauna Canon de Santa Elena in Mexico, and the Area de Proteccion de Flora y Fauna Maderas del Carmen in Mexico, collected samples of stream water, streambed sediment, and mine tailings during August 2002 for a study to determine whether trace elements from abandoned mines in the area in and around Big Bend National Park have affected the water and sediment quality in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin of the United States and Mexico. Samples were collected from eight sites on the main stem of the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo, four Rio Grande/Rio Bravo tributary sites downstream from abandoned mines or mine-tailing sites, and 11 mine-tailing sites. Mines in the area were operated to produce fluorite, germanium, iron, lead, mercury, silver, and zinc during the late 1800s through at least the late 1970s. Moderate (relatively neutral) pHs in stream-water samples collected at the 12 Rio Grande/Rio Bravo main-stem and tributary sites indicate that water is well mixed, diluted, and buffered with respect to the solubility of trace elements. The highest sulfate concentrations were in water samples from tributaries draining the Terlingua mining district. Only the sample from the Rough Run Draw site exceeded the Texas Surface Water Quality Standards general-use protection criterion for sulfate. All chloride and dissolved solids concentrations in water samples were less than the general-use protection criteria. Aluminum, copper, mercury, nickel, selenium, and zinc were detected in all water samples for which each element was analyzed. Cadmium, chromium, and lead were detected in samples less frequently, and silver was not detected in any of the samples. None of the sample concentrations of

  6. Composição química da cachaça produzida na região noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Chemical composition of the sugar cane spirit "cachaça" produced in the northwest area of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislau Bogusz Junior

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de conhecer a composição química e os requisitos de qualidade da cachaça produzida na Região Noroeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, foram analisadas 27 amostras de cachaça, produzidas e comercializadas em 18 municípios pertencentes às microrregiões Ijuí, Cruz Alta, Santa Rosa e Três Passos, que integram o Noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, e compararam-se os valores encontrados com aqueles estabelecidos pela Legislação. Para as análises estatísticas, aplicaram-se os testes de ANOVA e Tukey. As amostras avaliadas apresentaram valores médios de teor alcoólico, acidez, álcoois superiores, aldeídos, ésteres e metanol dentro do que estabelece a Legislação. Entretanto os valores de intervalo de concentração para estes mesmos parâmetros revelaram amostras fora do estipulado por Lei, indicando falta de conhecimento tecnológico de produção por parte de alguns dos produtores. Sugere-se a ampliação do presente estudo, com a finalidade de se investigar outros aspectos tecnológicos, tendo em vista a otimização dos processos de fabricação e a melhoria da qualidade da bebida.With the aim of knowing the chemical composition and quality requirement of the sugar cane spirit, "cachaça" produced in the Northwest Region of the Rio Grande do Sul State, 27 samples of "cachaça" were analyzed, produced and marketed in 18 municipal districts that belong to the areas of Ijuí, Cruz Alta, Santa Rosa and Três Passos, which are in the Northwest of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The values found were compared with the ones established in the Legislation. Concerning the statistical analyses, the ANOVA and Tukey tests were applied. The evaluated samples showed a medium value of alcoholic text, acidity, higher alcohols, aldehydes, esters and methanol within what the Legislation establishes. However, the interval values of concentration to these same parameters revealed samples that are not stipulated by law, showing a

  7. Mandibular fracture cases in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Silva da Silva

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To analyze the data in the literature, which show a high incidence of mandibular fractures. The aim of this research was to elucidate the context in which these fractures occur among patients attended at the first aid center of “Pronto Socorro Municipal de Pelotas”, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods: From the records referring to the period of June, 2001 to August, 2007, there were 1 345 patients with facial fractures. Of this total, 116 patients with mandibular fracture were selected for this study and the items analysed were: age, gender, mandibular fracture site, etiology and period of the year. Results: It was found that 86.2% of the sample were men. The most prevalent age was 20 to 29 years old representing 36.2%, and the most affected mandibular sites were the body, with 29 cases (25%, and the condyle, with 26 cases (22.4%. The most common cause of fractures was the physical aggression representing 37.1%. The period of the year with the highest incidence of mandibular fractures was the summer, with 38 cases (32.8%. Conclusion: It was therefore observed that the patients with mandibular fracture assisted at Pronto-Socorro Municipal de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were generally men, 20 to 29 years old with mandibular body fracture and they were victims of physical aggression.

  8. 75 FR 7625 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Rio Grande Silvery Minnow (Hybognathus amarus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... modification of its habitat due to dewatering and diversion of water, water impoundment, and modification of... thorough knowledge of the Rio Grande silvery minnow's life history, ecology, and behavior, and the current...

  9. Ajustes de funções de distribuição de probabilidade à radiação solar global no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Adjustments of probability distribution functions to global solar radiation in Rio Grande do Sul State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Cargnelutti Filho

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o ajuste das séries de dados de radiação solar global média decendial, de 22 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, às funções de distribuições de probabilidade normal, log-normal, gama, gumbel e weibull. Aplicou-se o teste de aderência de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, nas 792 séries de dados (22 municípios x 36 decêndios de radiação solar global média decendial, para verificar o ajuste dos dados às distribuições normal, log-normal, gama, gumbel e weibull, totalizando 3.960 testes. Os dados decendiais de radiação solar global média se ajustam às funções de distribuições de probabilidade normal, log-normal, gama, gumbel e weibull, e apresentam melhor ajuste à função de distribuição de probabilidade normal.The objective of this work was to verify the adjustment of data series for average global solar radiation to the normal, log-normal, gamma, gumbel and weibull probability distribution functions. Data were collected from 22 cities in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was applied in the 792 series of data (22 localities x 36 periods of ten days of average global solar radiation to verify the adjustment of the data to the normal, log-normal, gamma, gumbel and weibull probability distribution functions, totalizing 3,960 tests. The data of average global solar radiation adjust to the normal, log-normal, gamma, gumbel and weibull probability distribution functions, and present a better adjustment to the normal probability function.

  10. Potencialidades fitoquímicas do melão (Cucumis melo L. na região Noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil Phytochemical potentialities of melon (Cucumis melo L. in the northwest region of Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.G. Muller

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O melão (Cucumis melo L. é uma fruta muito apreciada por suas qualidades e sua produção vem crescendo e ganhando espaço no mercado nacional e internacional. Em regiões como o Noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul, destaca-se como uma nova alternativa de renda para vários agricultores. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar o potencial fitoquímico de alguns cultivares de melão da região Noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul. A análise fitoquímica utilizando como farmacógeno as folhas, foi realizada para a verificação da presença de metabólitos secundários, tais como: saponinas, cumarinas, cardiotônicos, cianogenéticos, alcalóides, taninos, antraquinonas, flavonoides, e óleos voláteis. Também foi avaliado o teor de suco a partir dos frutos. Dentre os cinco cultivares analisados, Gaúcho, Imperial, Hy Mark, Magelan, e Cantaloupe, o cultivar Gaucho apresentou a maior variedade em metabólitos secundários. Na avaliação do teor de suco a cultivar Magelan se destacou em comparação às demais cultivares testadas.The melon (Cucumis melo L. is a fruit highly appreciated for its qualities and its production has been growing and gaining space in the national and in the international market. In regions like the northwest of Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil, it stands out as a new income alternative for farmers. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the phytochemical potential of some melon cultivars in the northwest region of Rio Grande do Sul. The phytochemical analysis, using the leaves as pharmacogen, was performed to verify the presence of secondary metabolites such as saponins, coumarins, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenetic glicosides, alkaloids, tannins, anthraquinones, flavonoids and volatile oils. The juice content from the fruits was also evaluated. Among the five analyzed cultivars, Gaucho, Imperial, Hy Mark, Magelan and Cantaloupe, cultivar Gaucho had the greatest variety of secondary metabolites. In the

  11. Heterothalamus rupestris, espécie nova de Asteraceae do Rio Grande do Sul.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Paz Deble

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Na revisão botânica do gênero Heterothalamus Less., foi descoberta uma nova espécie, endêmica da Serra do Sudeste do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil que, a seguir, é descrita, ilustrada e comparada com sua espécie afim.

  12. Medium and large sized mammal assemblages in coastal dunes and adjacent marshes in southern Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v35i1.11705

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Resende Secchi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data on species composition and use of habitat of medium and large sized mammal assemblages in a coastal dunes segment and adjacent marshes at Rio Grande municipality, southern Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Records were obtained through visualization of living animals and identification of footprints, feces and remains. From November 2007 to September 2008, nine 600 m long and 5 m wide linear transects were settled on coastal dunes segment (frontal and intermediate dunes and adjacent marshes, parallel to ocean shore on a 23 km section at Cassino Beach. Transects were settled in areas under high, medium and low levels of anthropic occupancy (A1, A2 and A3, respectively, being three transects on each area. Fourteen species were recorded, distributed in five orders and 10 families. Lepus europaeus was the most frequent species (81.9% of the transect walks, present in all areas and seasons, followed by Lycalopex gimnocercus (23.5% and Conepatus chinga (10.3%.  Five species were present on A1, seven on A2 and fourteen on A3. Seven species were recorded on frontal dunes, nine on intermediate dunes and 13 on adjacent marshes.  

  13. Qualidade das águas no Canal São Gonçalo, Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Gilnei

    2002-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia. O Canal São Gonçalo é um importante corpo d'água que faz a ligação entre a Lagoa Mirim e a Laguna dos Patos no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Este Canal tem sido desde a década de 1970 utilizado para a captação de água para o abastecimento da cidade de Rio Grande bem como para a irrigação das lavouras de arroz existentes em toda a planície adjacente...

  14. KLEPSUDRA: How the Rio Grande Treaty Increased Instability in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-09

    advantages, not the least of which is having an agency that can operate on the peer level with Mexico’s national water agency (Comisión Nacional del Agua ...Help Wanted’ ads,” USA Today, 25 April 08, sec. A, p. 8. 77 Manwaring (2007), 9-11, 24-25, 34-35. 78 Contamination levels along the border areas and in...the Rio Grande River after NAFTA has been extensively researched and documented. Recent testing indicates extreme fecal contamination is exposing

  15. Epidemiologia da esporotricose na região central do Rio Grande do Sul Epidemiology of sporotrichosis in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge O. Lopes

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados 31 casos de esporotricose diagnosticados na região central do Rio Grande do Sul, no período 1988-1997. Os dados obtidos foram comparados com os de um estudo de três décadas anteriores, evidenciando decréscimo na incidência da micose e alteração no perfil da infecção, com diminuição de casos em pacientes residentes na zona rural, em crianças, mulheres e agricultores. Na última década, a micose foi mais freqüente no adulto residente na zona urbana, de profissões variadas, estando o início da doença freqüentemente associada ao lazer rural, como pescarias e caçadas.Thirty-one cases of sporotrichosis diagnosed in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul from 1988 to1997 were studied. Clinical data were compared with a study concerning three past decades, clearly showingt a decrease in the incidence of the mycosis, and an alteration in the profile of the infection, with a decrease of sporotrichosis in rural patients, children, women and farmers. In the past decade the mycosis was most frequent among urban adults with different professions, with the onset of the disease being associated with rural leisure activities such as fishing and hunting.

  16. Web application to access U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works and Restoration Projects information for the Rio Grande Basin, southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Eames, Deanna R.

    2009-01-01

    The Rio Grande Civil Works and Restoration Projects Web Application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Albuquerque District, is designed to provide publicly available information through the Internet about civil works and restoration projects in the Rio Grande Basin. Since 1942, USACE Albuquerque District responsibilities have included building facilities for the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, providing flood protection, supplying water for power and public recreation, participating in fire remediation, protecting and restoring wetlands and other natural resources, and supporting other government agencies with engineering, contracting, and project management services. In the process of conducting this vast array of engineering work, the need arose for easily tracking the locations of and providing information about projects to stakeholders and the public. This fact sheet introduces a Web application developed to enable users to visualize locations and search for information about USACE (and some other Federal, State, and local) projects in the Rio Grande Basin in southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas.

  17. Analysis of entrance skin radiation dose in mammography equipment in Rio Grande do Sul state (Ijui municipality and surroundings) and Rio de Janeiro (metropolitan area); Analise de dose de entrada na pele em mamografos, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Municipio de Ijui e cercanias) e Rio de Janeiro (area metropolitana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo, Geovane Silva; Padilha Filho, Lucas Gomes, E-mail: geovane.araujo@ftesm.edu.br, E-mail: lucaspadilhaemec@gmail.com [Universidade Estacio de Sa (UNESA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Sousa, Carlos Henrique Simoes de, E-mail: chenriques2@gmail.com [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Feldmann, Gerson; Albrecht, Marcos R.A., E-mail: gersonpraxis@gmail.com, E-mail: marcosboom@yahoo.com.br [PRAXIS Protecao Radiologica, Ijui, RS (Brazil); Souza, Sergio Augusto Lopes de, E-mail: sergioalsouza@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    Mammography is the technique widely used to the early detection of breast cancer, despite of not being a consensus the ideal age to initiate the radiologic examinations, it is recommended that women with the age of forty realize the examinations periodically. With the objective to analyze the entrance skin dose (ESD) in different mammography equipment, Were analyzed in the Estate of Rio Grande do Sul (Ijui City and neighborhoods) and in Rio de Janeiro (metropolitan area) 24 mammography equipment. Among them included in the study, just one presented ESD higher than the established limit of ANVISA. It was observed in the mammography equipment of Ijui and neighborhoods high levels of mAs to achieve the values of ESD next to the limit. (author)

  18. Cor e propriedades mecânicas de algumas argilas do Rio Grande do Norte para uso em cerâmica branca Color and mechanical properties of some clays found in Rio Grande do Norte State for whiteware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. F. Melo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O interesse crescente no uso de argilas para a produção de cerâmica no Rio Grande do Norte requer a caracterização técnica das matérias primas. Este trabalho mostra algumas propriedades de cinco argilas encontradas nesta região, tais como coloração após queima a 950 ºC, 1250 ºC e 1450 ºC, retração linear e resistência à flexão. A queima de argilas regionais resultaram em uma variedade de faixas de tonalidades do branco ao creme. As propriedades gerais dos produtos da queima são melhores que as reportadas na literatura, demonstrando o potencial tecnológico das argilas da região estudada.The growing interest in the use of clay minerals for the production of whiteware in Rio Grande do Norte demands the technological characterization of local raw materials. The present study reports some properties of five different clay minerals found in the region, such as tone upon firing at 950 ºC, 1250 ºC and 1450 ºC, linear shrinkage and flexural strength. Firing regional clays resulted in a variety of ranging from white to cream. The overall properties of the resulting products exceeded literature values, showing the technological potential of the regional clays investigated herein.

  19. Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) a buccal cavity parasite of the marine fish, Oligoplites saurus (Bloch & Schneider) (Osteichthyes, Carangidae) of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) um parasito da cavidade bucal do peixe marinho, Oligoplites saurus (Bloch & Schneider) (Osteichthyes, Carangidae) do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Vernon E. Thatcher; Gustavo S. de Araújo; José T. A. X. de Lima; Sathyabama Chellappa

    2007-01-01

    Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) a buccal cavity parasite of the marine fish, Oligoplites saurus, is described on the basis of eight male specimens and one female. The fish hosts were captured in the coastal waters of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. In the new species, the anterior margin of the cephalon is doubled ventrally over the bases of the antennae. In this respect, it resembles C. recifea Thatcher & Fonseca, 2005. It differs from that species, however, in ...

  20. Erosividade e características hidrológicas das chuvas de Rio Grande (RS Erosivity and hydrological characteristics of rainfalls in Rio Grande (RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Gabriel Peñalva Bazzano

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available As características específicas das chuvas variam entre regiões, e o conhecimento da sua potencialidade em causar erosão é necessário para planejar atividades agrícolas e de engenharia civil. Para a localidade de Rio Grande (RS, foi determinada a erosividade e sua relação com a precipitação e o coeficiente de chuva, os padrões hidrológicos e o período de retorno das chuvas. Utilizaram-se dados pluviográficos de 23 anos de Rio Grande. Para cada chuva erosiva, foram separados os segmentos do pluviograma com a mesma intensidade e registrados os dados em planilha. Com o programa Chuveros foram calculados a erosividade mensal, anual e média pelo índice EI30 no Sistema Internacional de Unidades e os padrões hidrológicos das chuvas. Os valores médios mensais da precipitação e do índice de erosividade foram expressos como percentagens do valor médio anual da precipitação e do índice de erosividade, respectivamente, a fim de obter a curva de distribuição acumulada da precipitação e do índice de erosividade em função do tempo. O coeficiente de chuva (Rc foi calculado. Foram realizadas correlações de Pearson e regressões lineares simples entre o índice de erosividade EI30 e os valores médios anuais de precipitação e de coeficiente de chuva. O período de retorno foi calculado para 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 e 100 anos. O valor médio anual da erosividade das chuvas com base no índice EI30 para o Rio Grande foi de 5.135 MJ mm ha-1 h-1, valor que representa o Fator "R" da Equação Universal de Perdas de Solo (USLE. As equações de regressão entre EI30 e precipitação e coeficiente de chuva não foram significativas. Em relação ao total das chuvas, 32,6 % do número e 99,3 % do volume foram erosivos. Do número total das chuvas erosivas, 45,6 % foram do padrão hidrológico avançado, 25,6 % do intermediário e 28,7 % do atrasado, ao passo que, do volume total das chuvas erosivas, 47,8 % foram do padrão avançado, 28

  1. Transtornos alimentares em alunas de nutrição do Rio Grande do Sul Eating disorders in female nutrition students in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Ramos Kirsten

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar sintomas de transtornos alimentares em estudantes de Nutrição do sexo feminino em relação ao estado nutricional, à prática de atividade física e ao semestre cursado. MÉTODOS: Foi utilizado o Eating Attitudes Test-26 para verificar sintomas de transtornos alimentares em estudantes do curso de Nutrição de uma faculdade particular do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram coletados dados de peso e altura para a avaliação do estado nutricional, semestre cursado, prática de atividade física e dados demográficos. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 186 alunas. As entrevistadas, em sua maioria, apresentavam entre 21 e 25 anos de idade (50,0%, cor branca (93,5%, renda inferior a 10 salários-mínimos (66,0% e eram solteiras (91,0%. Os resultados do Eating Attitudes Test-26 demonstraram que 24,7% das estudantes apresentavam sintomas de transtornos alimentares. Cerca de 85,5% das estudantes da amostra eram eutróficas, 8,5% apresentavam algum grau de desnutrição e 6,0%, sobrepeso e/ou obesidade. Não houve significância estatística na comparação entre sintomas de transtornos alimentares com o estado nutricional (p=0,32, o semestre cursado (p=0,67 e com a prática de atividade física (p=0,12. CONCLUSÃO: Foi identificada alta proporção de sintomas de transtornos alimentares, porém sem significância estatística quando comparado com o estado nutricional, à atividade física e ao semestre cursado.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to check for symptoms of eating disorders in female nutrition students in relation to their nutritional status, level of physical activity and academic semester. METHODS: The Eating Attitudes Test-26 was used to check for symptoms of eating disorders in nutrition students of a private college in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The following data were collected: weight, height, academic semester, level of physical activity and demographic data. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 186 female

  2. A ten-year survey of onychomycosis in the Central Region of the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Um estudo de 10 anos sobre onicomicoses na região central do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge O. LOPES

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available Onychomycosis is a common infection of the nail plate caused by fungal microrganisms, and represents approximately 50% of nails disorders and 30% of all superficial mycotic infections. We present a study of the frequency, epidemiology and clinical aspects of onychomycosis in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul during the period 1988-1997.Onicomicoses são infecções comuns da lâmina ungueal causadas por fungos filamentosos e leveduras, que representam aproximadamente 50% das alterações das unhas e 30% de todas as infecções fúngicas superficiais. Apresentamos um estudo sobre a freqüência, epidemiologia e aspectos clínicos das onicomicoses na região central do Rio Grande do Sul durante o período 1988-1997.

  3. Anti-Brucella abortus antibodies in free-ranging equids from Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, BrazilAnticorpos anti-Brucella abortus em equídeos errantes do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Maria Seles Dorneles

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the present study were (i to determine the occurrence and (ii to evaluate possible factors associated with infection by Brucella abortus in free-ranging equids from Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Sera from 227 free-ranging equids (178 donkeys, 43 horses and 6 mules, captured by the highway police and the prefecture agents, were screened by the rose bengal test (RBT and confirmed for B. abortus-antibodies by the standard tube agglutination (STAT and the 2-mercaptoethanol (2ME tests. Of the 227 equids tested, four (1.76% were positive for B. abortus antibodies. All were horses, which resulted in an observed frequency of infection for this species of 9.30% (4/43. No association was found among seropositivity for B. abortus and the age and sex. Thus, data from the present study showed that infection by B. abortus is present among horses in Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram (i determinar a ocorrência da infecção por Brucella abortus em equídeos de vida livre no município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte e (ii avaliar possíveis fatores associados a esta infecção. Soros de 227 equídeos (178 asininos, 43 equinos e 6 muares, capturados pela polícia rodoviária e funcionários da prefeitura, foram coletados por punção venosa. A pesquisa de anticorpos anti-Brucella abortus foi realizada empregando-se, como triagem, o teste do antígeno acidificado tamponado (AAT e como confirmatório o teste de redução pelo 2-Mercaptoetanol (2ME. Dos animais testados, quatro (1,76% foram positivos para anticorpos anti- B. abortus. Todos os positivos eram equinos (9,30%, 4/43. A análise das variáveis levantadas (sexo e idade como possíveis fatores associados à infecção por B. abortus não revelou a existência de associação entre estas e a soropositividade. Assim, o presente estudo permite concluir que a infecção por B. abortus está presente em equinos do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande

  4. Ao sul do sul o mar também é pampa : sensibilidades de verão na Villa Sequeira, Rio Grande/RS (1884-1892)

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Nóbrega Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    No presente trabalho apresentamos uma estação balnear chamada Villa Sequeira, localizada na cidade de Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul. Projetada a partir do ano de 1884 pela empresa Companhia Carris Urbanos do Rio Grande, ela inaugurou sua primeira temporada de banhos em 1889-1890. Nos debruçamos sobre o tema dos banhos de mar entendendo que a região litorânea sofreu um processo de obliteração de suas práticas, notadamente as balneares, na composição das representações que circundam o Estado do...

  5. Phthiraptera and Gamasida Parasites of Columbina picui (Temminck (Columbiformes: Columbidae in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAA. Coimbra

    Full Text Available Thirty-two specimens of Columbina picui (picui ground-dove were examined, and a collection of arthropods was made by washing the external surface of the body and the nasal cavity. The species in the order Phthiraptera found and their respective prevalences, mean abundance and mean intensity were: Columbicola passerinae (84.4%; 10.3; 12.2, Hohorstiella passerinae (21.9%; 0.7; 3.1 and Physconelloides eurysema (3.1%; 0.1; 2. The gamasid mites found in the birds and their respective prevalences, mean abundance and mean intensity were: Pellonyssus marui (31.3%; 1.2; 3.9, Ornithonyssus bursa (15.6%; 0.2. ;1.2 and Mesonyssus sp. (6.3%; 0.1; 1. Columbicola passerinae, H. passerinae, P. eurysema, O. bursa, P. marui and Mesonyssus sp. were recorded for the first time infecting C. picui in Brazil. Except for O. bursa, the other species are reported for the first time in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

  6. Pentimento: Fuels reduction and restoration in the Bosque of the Middle Rio Grande

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch

    2008-01-01

    The Middle Rio Grande of New Mexico is the most extensive, remaining bosque, or cottonwood forest in the southwest. Alterations caused by humans-damming and channeling the river, controlling floods, and planting non-native trees-have disrupted the cycles of the earlier ecosystem. Without periodic flooding, native cottonwoods cannot regenerate. Invasive exotic plants...

  7. Exportações do Rio Grande do Norte: estrutura, vantagens comparativas e comércio intra-indústrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luiz Mariano da Silva

    2008-06-01

    were obtained through the Gini-Hirchmna coefficient. The data was taken from the ALICEWEB system of the Ministry of development, Industry and Trade - MDIC. The results revealed a high concentration of few primary products and destination markets, along with weak participation in the export of manufactured products. The study points out that the international trade of the state of Rio Grande do Norte is basically inter-industrial; that is, it exports primary products and imports manufactured products, characteristic of the Herckscher-Ohlin trade type. among the group of products with intra-industrial trade, the cotton group stands out, showing the importance of the textile sector in the state's economy.

  8. Pathogenic landscape of transboundary zoonotic diseases in the Mexico-US border along the Rio Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Dolores Esteve-Gasent

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Transboundary zoonotic diseases, several of which are vector borne, can maintain a dynamic focus, and have pathogens circulating in geographic regions encircling multiple geopolitical boundaries. Global change is intensifying transboundary problems including the spatial variation of the risk and incidence of zoonotic diseases. The complexity of these challenges can be greater in areas where rivers delineate international boundaries and encompass transitions between ecozones. The Rio Grande serves as a natural border between the US State of Texas and the Mexican States of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. Not only millions of people live in this transboundary region but also a substantial movement of goods and people pass through it everyday. Moreover, it occurs over a region that functions as a corridor for animal migrations, and thus links the Neotropic and Nearctic biogeographic zones, with the latter being a known foci of zoonotic diseases. However, the pathogenic landscape of important zoonotic diseases in the south Texas-Mexico transboundary region remains to be fully understood. An international perspective on the interplay between disease systems, ecosystem processes, land use, and human behaviors is applied here to analyze landscape and spatial features of Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Hantavirus disease, Lyme Borreliosis, Leptospirosis, Bartonellosis, Chagas disease, human Babesiosis, and Leishmaniasis. Surveillance systems following the One Health approach with a regional perspective will help identifying opportunities to mitigate the health burden of those diseases on human and animal populations. It is proposed that the Mexico-US border, along the Rio Grande region be viewed as a continuum landscape where zoonotic pathogens circulate regardless of national borders.

  9. Pathogenic Landscape of Transboundary Zoonotic Diseases in the Mexico–US Border Along the Rio Grande

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteve-Gassent, Maria Dolores; Pérez de León, Adalberto A.; Romero-Salas, Dora; Feria-Arroyo, Teresa P.; Patino, Ramiro; Castro-Arellano, Ivan; Gordillo-Pérez, Guadalupe; Auclair, Allan; Goolsby, John; Rodriguez-Vivas, Roger Ivan; Estrada-Franco, Jose Guillermo

    2014-01-01

    Transboundary zoonotic diseases, several of which are vector borne, can maintain a dynamic focus and have pathogens circulating in geographic regions encircling multiple geopolitical boundaries. Global change is intensifying transboundary problems, including the spatial variation of the risk and incidence of zoonotic diseases. The complexity of these challenges can be greater in areas where rivers delineate international boundaries and encompass transitions between ecozones. The Rio Grande serves as a natural border between the US State of Texas and the Mexican States of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. Not only do millions of people live in this transboundary region, but also a substantial amount of goods and people pass through it everyday. Moreover, it occurs over a region that functions as a corridor for animal migrations, and thus links the Neotropic and Nearctic biogeographic zones, with the latter being a known foci of zoonotic diseases. However, the pathogenic landscape of important zoonotic diseases in the south Texas–Mexico transboundary region remains to be fully understood. An international perspective on the interplay between disease systems, ecosystem processes, land use, and human behaviors is applied here to analyze landscape and spatial features of Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Hantavirus disease, Lyme Borreliosis, Leptospirosis, Bartonellosis, Chagas disease, human Babesiosis, and Leishmaniasis. Surveillance systems following the One Health approach with a regional perspective will help identifying opportunities to mitigate the health burden of those diseases on human and animal populations. It is proposed that the Mexico–US border along the Rio Grande region be viewed as a continuum landscape where zoonotic pathogens circulate regardless of national borders. PMID:25453027

  10. Reproductive aspects of Cyphocharax voga (Hensel) from Custódias Lagoon, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Characiformes, Curimatidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Schifino, Lúcia Cabral; Fialho, Clarice Bernhardt; Verani, José Roberto

    1998-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse the reproductive period, fecundity and the size of the first gonadal maturation of Cyphocharax voga (Hensel, 1869) of Custódias Lagoon, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The specimens (293 males and 247 females) were collected monthly, during the period between October 1994 and September 1995. The reproductive period took place from early winter until the end of spring. The average absolute fecundity was 36608 oocytes. The size of the first gonadal matur...

  11. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Catfish and Carp Collected from the Rio Grande Upstream and Downstream of Los Alamos National Laboratory: Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilbert J. Gonzales

    2008-05-12

    Concern has existed for years that the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), a complex of nuclear weapons research and support facilities, has released polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to the environment that may have reached adjacent bodies of water through canyons that connect them. In 1997, LANL's Ecology Group began measuring PCBs in fish in the Rio Grande upstream and downstream of ephemeral streams that cross LANL and later began sampling fish in Abiquiu and Cochiti reservoirs, which are situated on the Rio Chama and Rio Grande upstream and downstream of LANL, respectively. In 2002, we electroshocked channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) and common carp (Carpiodes carpio) in the Rio Grande upstream and downstream of LANL and analyzed fillets for PCB congeners. We also sampled soils along the Rio Chama and Rio Grande drainages to discern whether a background atmospheric source of PCBs that could impact surface water adjacent to LANL might exist. Trace concentrations of PCBs measured in soil (mean = 4.7E-05 {micro}g/g-ww) appear to be from background global atmospheric sources, at least in part, because the bimodal distribution of low-chlorinated PCB congeners and mid-chlorinated PCB congeners in the soil samples is interpreted to be typical of volatilized PCB congeners that are found in the atmosphere and dust from global fallout. Upstream catfish (n = 5) contained statistically (P = 0.047) higher concentrations of total PCBs (mean = 2.80E-02 {micro}g/g-ww) than downstream catfish (n = 10) (mean = 1.50E-02 {micro}g/g-ww). Similarly, upstream carp (n = 4) contained higher concentrations of total PCBs (mean = 7.98E-02 {micro}g/g-ww) than downstream carp (n = 4) (3.07E-02 {micro}g/g-ww); however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.42). The dominant PCB homologue in all fish samples was hexachlorobiphenyls. Total PCB concentrations in fish in 2002 are lower than 1997; however, differences in analytical methods and other uncertainties

  12. Ensino de enfermagem no Rio Grande do Sul apartir de 1950 Enseñanza de enfermería en Rio Grande do Sul a partir del 1950 Teaching of nursing in Rio Grande do Sul in the 1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Lamb Corbellini

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Essa pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar como o ensino de graduação na enfermagem, no Rio Grande do Sul construiu o seu saber, desde o primeiro curso, a partir da década de 1950. O estudo envolveu enfermeiras docentes que vivenciaram esse período da história e, para análise documental, foi utilizada a análise de discurso. Os dados indicam, dentre eles, o currículo mais integrado que busca articular teoria/prática sem fragmentação do saber e a relação ensino-aprendizagem, na qual professor e aluno são sujeitos desse processo.Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar como la enseñanza de la pregrado de Enfermería en Río Grande do Sul construyó su saber, desde el primer curso, a partir de la década de 1950. El estudio integró enfermeras docentes que vivenciaron ese periodo de la historia y, para el análisis documental, fue utilizado el análisis del discurso.Los datos indican, entre ellos, el curriculum más integrado que busca articular teoría y práctica sin fragmentación del saber y la relación enseñanza aprendizaje, en la cuál el profesor y el alumno son sujetos de ese processo.The purpose of this research was to analyze how the undergraduate teaching of nursing in Rio Grande do Sul has constructed its knowledge, since the first course, as of the decade of 1950s. The survey has involved teaching nurses who have lived such period of our history, and the discourse analysis has been utilized for the documental analysis. The information data indicate, among them, the most integrated curriculum that seeks articulating theory/practice without fragmenting the knowledge and the teaching-learning relationship, wherein professors and students are subjects of such procedure.

  13. Chemical signature study of tupiguarani ceramic tradition from Central region of the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil; Estudo de assinaturas quimicas em ceramica da tradicao tupiguarani da regiao central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bona, Irene Akemy Tomiyoshi

    2006-07-01

    In this work a model based on experimental results using chemical composition data of the pottery sherds applied to Spearmann's no parametric test, principal component analysis and discriminant analysis, was applied. The samples are soils and Tupiguarani Tradition pottery sherd from the central area of the Rio Grande do Sul State. The chemical elements , Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Fe, K Mn, Pb, Rb, S, Si, Sr, Ti, V and Zn were determined by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXFR) while Ce, Cu, Gd, La, Nd, Pr, Sm, Th and Y by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP-MS) techniques. Relationships among the pottery characteristics, studied sites and sherd dispersion in the several sites were proposed. Indications of chemical signature of the small pottery with function to go or not to the fire were observed. The largest dispersion is of small pottery with surface treatment no corrugated. The potteries chemical fingerprints from Ijui River, Ibicui-Vacacai Mirim River and Jacui River were verified. (author)

  14. Analysis and characterization of kaolinitic clay Rio Grande do Norte for use in refractory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Medeiros, A.L.; Souza Junior, C.F.; Silva, C.L. Mendes da

    2011-01-01

    This work aims to characterize clays from the State of Rio Grande do Norte for use in the manufacture of refractory bricks. Initially, we analyzed the X-ray fluorescence and X-ray diffraction on samples of clay to obtain the components of the starting materials and their microstructures. The test samples were fabricated by uniaxial pressure of 20 MPa, and then were sintered between 1000 ° C and 1200 ° C, with a landing sintering for 1 hour. Tests including thermal shrinkage, water absorption and apparent porosity. Initial results of the analysis indicate the presence of clay minerals kaolinite, montmorillonite and muscovite, as well group minerals of quartz, dolomite, calcite and calcium silicate in the samples tested. (author)

  15. Comparison of organochlorine chemical body burdens of female breast cancer cases with cancer free women in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil--Pilot Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erdmann, C.A.; Petreas, M.X.; Caleffi, M.; Barbosa, F.S.; Goth-Goldstein, R.

    1999-12-01

    This pilot study collected preliminary data to examine known and suspected breast cancer risk factors among women living in rural and urban areas in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil by questionnaire. In addition, the body burden levels of a panel of organochlorines was measured in a small clinic-based prospective sample.

  16. Road density not a major driver of Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) population demographics in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivana Mali; Brian E. Dickerson; Donald J. Brown; James R. Dixon; Michael R. J. Forstner

    2013-01-01

    In recent years there have been concerns over the conservation and management of freshwater turtle populations in the state of Texas. In 2008 and 2009, we completed several investigations addressing anthropogenic impacts on freshwater turtles in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) of Texas. Here, we use a model selection approach within an information-theoretic...

  17. A política nacional de arquivos na perspectiva das Universidades Federais do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciele Simon Carpes

    Full Text Available O enfoque da pesquisa, que resultou neste artigo, são as políticas públicas arquivísticas nas universidades federais do Rio Grande do Sul. Dessa forma, são apresentados os resultados referentes à visão dos arquivistas das universidades federais do Rio Grande do Sul quanto à política nacional de arquivos. Para realizar esta investigação, foram selecionadas as três universidades mais antigas do Estado, onde foram aplicados questionários compostos por questões abertas e fechadas. Os instrumentos foram aplicados aos encarregados pelo setor responsável pela documentação. Os dados coletados foram reunidos e analisados, qualitativamente, e discutidos com base na fundamentação teórica. A discussão e reflexão sobre as políticas públicas arquivísticas voltadas aos Arquivos Universitários, permitem afirmar que os arquivistas das universidades consideram insuficientes as ações referentes à política nacional de arquivos.

  18. Fragmentos históricos da assistência psiquiátrica no Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Fragmentos de la historia en la atención psiquiátrica en Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Fragments of history in psychiatric care Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Arnoldo Nunes de Miranda

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva resgatar aspectos do funcionamento terapêutico do Hospital-Dia (HD Dr. Élger Nunes, em Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, durante sua vigência, e analisar os resultados referentes ao número de usuários atendidos no período de 1996 a 2004. Trata-se de um estudo empírico, descritivo, exploratório, ex posto facto de abordagem quantitativa, realizado a partir dos registros e prontuários de 910 usuários atendidos no HD. As informações foram submetidas ao recurso informacional Microsoft Excel e transformadas em gráficos. Os resultados constataram uma maior acessibilidade à modalidade de tratamento, diminuição no tempo de permanência e melhoria das condições de alta dos usuários com redução no número de interrupções no tratamento. Salienta-se a importância do HD no processo de reforma psiquiátrica, com atendimento pautado na utilização de práticas terapêuticas humanizadas e sem perda do vínculo com a família e a sociedade.Este artículo tiene como objetivo el rescate de los aspectos del funcionamiento terapéuticos del hospital-día (HD Dr. Elger Nunes, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, durante su mandato, e analizar los resultados relacionado con el número de pacientes tratados en el período de 1996 a 2004. Es un estudio empírico, descriptivo, de carácter exploratorio, ex posto facto con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado a partir de los registros de 910 usuarios atendidos en el HD. Las informaciones fueran tratadas en el programa Microsoft Excel y procesadas en gráficos. Los resultados verifican una mayor accesibilidad a esta modalidad de tratamiento, disminución de la duración del tiempo de permanencia y mejorar de las condiciones para alta hospitalaria de los usuarios con reducción en el número de interrupciones en el tratamiento. Se enfatiza la importancia del HD en proceso de reforma psiquiátrica, con un tratamiento basado en el uso de prácticas terapéuticas y humanizada, sin p

  19. Referring Quality Assessment of Primary Health Care for Endocrinology in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro Grendene, Gabriela; Szczecinski Rodrigues, Átila; Katz, Natan; Harzheim, Erno

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents results of an assessment of the quality research of endocrinology referrals in the public health system in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. From the analysis of 4,458 requests for endocrinology referrals, it was found that 15% of referrals had insufficient information for evaluation and 71% showed no clinical justification for authorization of referencing. The partial results of the study indicated that the lack of information makes it impossible to clinically regulate these requests. The use of referencing protocols associated with telemedicine tools can assist doctors in primary health care in the clinical management and make access to specialized services more equitable and timely.

  20. Prevalência de anticorpos contra o vírus da língua azul em bovinos e ovinos do Sudoeste e Sudeste do Rio Grande do Sul Bluetongue virus antibodies in cattle and sheep in Southwest and Southeast regions of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.R.R. Costa

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available It was studied bluetongue virus antibodies prevalence for sheep and cattle in Southwest and Southeast regions of Rio Grande do Sul State. A total of 2613 serum samples (1272 bovine and 1341 ovine were tested by agar gel immunodiffusion. Eight bovine and two ovine samples were positive meaning a prevalence of 0.63% and 0.15%, respectively. These results show that most of animals in these regions are negative to bluetongue.

  1. Progress report 1981-1982 - Instituto de Fisica - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1983-01-01

    Several works, covering the 1981 and 1982 years, from the Physical Institut of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil are reported. They treat both experimental and theoretical aspects of almost the totality of the physical areas, including also the instrumentation part. (L.C.) [pt

  2. O gênero Eleocharis R. Br. (Cyperaceae no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilsi Iob Boldrin

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O estudo taxonômico do gênero Eleocharis R. Br. para o Rio Grande do Sul foi desenvolvido através dos métodos tradicionais em taxonomia. Os dados foram obtidos através da bibliografia, revisão de herbários regionais e coleta de exemplares a campo. O gênero está representado no Rio Grande do Sul por 27 espécies: Eleocharis acutangula (Roxb. Schult., E. bonariensis Nees, E. contracta Maury, E. dunensis Kük., E. elegans (Kunth Roem. & Schult., E. filiculmis Kunth, E. flavescens (Poir. Urb., E. geniculata (L. Roem. & Schult., E. interstincta (Vahl Roem. & Schult., E. laeviglumis R. Trevis. & Boldrini, E. loefgreniana Boeck., E. maculosa (Vahl Roem. & Schult., E. minima Kunth var. minima, E. montana (Kunth Roem. & Schult., E. montevidensis Kunth, E. nudipes (Kunth Palla, E. obtusetrigona (Lindl. & Nees Steud., E. parodii Barros, E. quinquangularis Boeck., E. rabenii Boeck., E. radicans (Poir. Kunth, E. sellowiana Kunth, E. squamigera Svenson, E. subarticulata (Nees Boeck., E. viridans Kük. ex Osten, Eleocharis sp.1 e Eleocharis sp.2. O trabalho apresenta descrições, ilustrações, dados sobre distribuição geográfica, habitat e períodos de floração e frutificação das espécies, além de uma chave dicotômica para diferenciá-las.

  3. The Mantodea (Dictyoptera: Insecta of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil: First List of Species and Geographical Records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Heleodoro

    2016-12-01

    Resumo. Este trabalho apresenta a primeira lista de espécies de louva-a-deus do Rio Grande do Norte, bem como sua distribuição dentro do Estado. Os registros das espécies são oriundos de espécimes depositados na Coleção Entomológica “Adalberto Antonio Varela Freire”, localizada na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Essa coleção possui um total de 1.816 espécimes de Mantodea depositados, representando 30 espécies distribuídas em 16 gêneros.

  4. Surto de babesiose cerebral em bovinos no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Cerebral babesiosis outbreak in bovines in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Aline Bobbi Antoniassi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se um surto de mortalidade em bovinos por Babesia bovis em abril de 2007, no Município de Picada Café, Rio Grande do Sul. Em um rebanho com 55 novilhas, 28 (50,9% morreram em cinco dias. A doença iniciou vinte dias após o ingresso dos bovinos na propriedade. Os sinais clínicos incluíam febre, incoordenação, agressividade, anemia, petéquias nas mucosas e morte 1 á 2 dias após. Em 4 animais necropsiados, observaram-se palidez de mucosas, hemorragias múltiplas, esplenomegalia, fígado aumentado e alaranjado, vesícula biliar com parede edemaciada e contendo bile grumosa. Os rins estavam vermelho-escuros e a bexiga continha urina cor de vinho tinto. O encéfalo apresentou cor róseo-cereja externamente e ao corte, mais marcado no córtex telencefálico, cerebelo e corpo estriado, contrastando com a cor branca da substância branca. Na histologia havia nefrose hemoglobinúrica, necrose hepática paracentral, bilestase canalicular, congestão esplênica, além de congestão com grande quantidade de eritrócitos parasitados por estruturas compatíveis com Babesia bovis na região cortical do encéfalo, também observadas em esfregaços teciduais dessas regiões. A morte de 28 bovinos em 5 dias deveu-se, provavelmente, à falta de imunidade contra o parasito. O tratamento foi realizado com dipropionato de imidocarb nos demais animais, havendo recuperação dos bovinos que apresentavam sinais iniciais leves e não ocorrência de novos casos durante um período de dois meses, quando foram enviados para abate.An outbreak of cattle mortality due to Babesia bovis infection in the county of Picada Café, Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, in April 2007 is described. Twenty eight heifers (50.9% died, out of a herd of 55 animals, in five days. The disease occurred approximately 20 days after heifers were transferred to this farm. The clinical signs included fever, anemia, aggressiveness, incoordination, petechiae in the mucous membranes

  5. Estudo pareado da cardiopatia chagásica no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Matched study of Chagas' cardiopathy in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Baruffa

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available São estudados 666 pares de indivíduos, sendo 344 masculinos e 322 femininos, com sorologia positiva/negativa para doença de Chagas, obtidos em inquérito sorológico-eletrocardiográfico entre populações rurais não selecionadas de 17 municípios do sul Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Na análise dos eletrocardiogramas foram consideradas só as alterações sugestivas de cardiopatia chagásica: bloqueio átrio-ventricular de 1º, e 2º e 3º, BCRD isolado ou associado ao HBAE, HBAE isolado, extrasístoles ventriculares freqüentes e/ou polifocais e/ou bigeminadas e trigeminadas; alterações de ST e T; zonas eletricamente inativas. Com este critério apresentaram eletrocardiogramas alterados 201 pessoas soropositivas (30,2% e 66 soronegativas (9,9%. O gradiente de 20,3%, sendo 21,5% nos homens e 18,9% nas mulheres, mostrou-se significativo ao nível de p A study of 666 matched pairs (344 males and 322 females with positive/negative complement fixation test for Chagas' disease is reported. The pairs were obtained at random by a serological and eletrocardiographical study among rural people of an endemic area in Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (17 municipalities. Besides non specific ECG alterations, the following abnormalities suggestive of Chagas' aetiology were found: atrio-ventricular complete or incomplete block; right bundle branch block either isolated or in association with left hemiblock; frequent and/or polyfocal and/or bigeminated or trigeminated premature beats; abnormalities in ST and T; eletrically inactive areas. According to these criteria 201 seropositive (30.2% and 66 seronegative (9.9% individuals showed abnormal ECG signs. The 20.3% gradient, (21.5% in male and 18.9% in female pairs, of the matched pairs was significant at p < 0,001 level. According to these results, a significant prevalence of eletrocardiografical abnormalities suggesting chagastic cardiomiopathy occurs in seropositive individuals.

  6. Listeria monocytogenes: monitoramento desse perigo biológico na cadeia produtiva de frangos do sul do Rio Grande do Sul Listeria monocytogenes: assessing this microbiological hazard in a poultry productive chain in southern Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élen Silveira Nalério

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Listeria monocytogenes é uma bactéria patogênica que se tornou um grande desafio para as indústrias de alimentos, entre elas a de frangos, assim como para os órgãos de vigilância sanitária. Apesar da produção de frangos estar em expansão na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul, não há relatos sobre esse patógeno, dessa forma, objetivou-se avaliar a prevalência de L. monocytogenes e de seus sorotipos nos diversos segmentos dessa cadeia produtiva. Nos aviários isolou-se L. monocytogenes em 2,9% (1/35 das amostras de swabs cloacais, não se isolando o microrganismo em amostras provenientes das camas de aviários. No abatedouro, 11,7% (15/128 das amostras apresentaram contaminação por L. monocytogenes e nos frangos resfriados procedentes do comércio, a prevalência foi de 33,3% (15/45.Observou-se que 51,6% (16/31 das cepas de L. monocytogenes pertenciam ao sorotipo 1/2b; 22,5% (7/31 ao sorotipo 4e; 16,1% (5/31 ao sorotipo 1/2a; 6,4% (2/31 ao sorotipo 4b; e 3,2% (1/31 ao sorotipo 1/2c. Há disseminação de L. monocytogenes na cadeia produtiva de frangos da região sul do Rio Grande do Sul e a presença de sorotipos prevalentes em casos/surtos de listeriose traz preocupação à saúde pública.Listeria monocytogenes is a pathogenic bacterium which has become a huge challenge to the food industries, including the poultry industry, and to the health surveillance agencies. Although poultry production is in expansion in southern of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, there are not reports about this pathogen thus this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of L monocytogenes and its serotypes in the several segments of this productive chain. In the broilers flocks L. monocytogenes were isolated in 2.9% (1/35 from cloacal swabs samples. This microorganism was not isolated from broiler houses samples. In the abattoir, 11% of the samples presented L. monocytogenes contamination, and in the chilled chicken from retailers its prevalence was 33.3% (15

  7. Progress report 1983-1984 - Instituto de Fisica - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-01-01

    The work abstracts done at the Physics Institute of the Rio Grande do Sul Federal University in Brazil during the years of 1983 and 1984 are reported. They cover since low-energy to high-energy physics and both aspects, the theory and experiment, are treated. (L.C.) [pt

  8. AT THE MARGINS OF ROADS AND JURUÁ’S HISTORY: AN ESSAY ON MBYÁ OCCUPATIONS IN THE GUAÍBA HYDROGRAPHIC AREA (STATE OF RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paula Prates

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we seek to systematize historical and ethnographic informations about mbyá presence in the Guaíba hydrographic area (Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil, taking into account the relations between indians and non-indians through the process of territorial configuration of Bacia Platina. This discussion is based on fieldwork, literature and primary sources about three contemporary mbyá occupations -- Petim, Passo Grande and Arroio do Conde.

  9. Distribution and habitat associations of juvenile Common Snook in the lower Rio Grande, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Caleb G.; Grabowski, Timothy B.; Patino, Reynaldo; Pope, Kevin L.

    2014-01-01

    Common Snook Centropomus undecimalis were once abundant off the Texas coast, but these populations are now characterized by low abundance and erratic recruitment. Most research concerning Common Snook in North America has been conducted in Florida and very little is known about the specific biology and habitat needs of Common Snook in Texas. The primary objective of this study was to describe the habitat use patterns of juvenile Common Snook and their role in the fish assemblage in the lower portion of the Rio Grande, Texas. Secondarily, we documented the relationship between age and juvenile reproductive development. Fish were collected during January–March 2006 from the lower 51.5 km of the Rio Grande using a bottom trawl and boat-mounted electrofisher. Measurements of water quality and other habitat traits were recorded at each sampling site. We captured 225 Common Snook exclusively in freshwater habitats above river kilometer 12.9. The distribution of juvenile Common Snook was not random, but influenced primarily by turbidity and dissolved oxygen. Sex differentiation and gonadal development based on histological examination of gonads established that age-1 and age-2 Common Snook were juvenile, prepubertal males. There was no difference between the age groups in their overall distribution in the river. However, age-2 Common Snook were associated with deeper areas with faster currents, higher conductivity, and steeper banks. Overall, Common Snook in the lower Rio Grande show substantial differences in habitat use than their counterparts in other parts of the range of the species, but it is unclear whether this is due to differences in habitat availability, behavioral plasticity, or some combination thereof.

  10. Rio Grande Erosion Potential Demonstration - Report for the National Border Technology Program; TOPICAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JEPSEN, RICHARD A.; ROBERTS, JESSE D.; LANGFORD, RICHARD; GAILANI, JOSEPH

    2001-01-01

    This demonstration project is a collaboration among DOE, Sandia National Laboratories, the University of Texas, El Paso (UTEP), the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC), and the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). Sandia deployed and demonstrated a field measurement technology that enables the determination of erosion and transport potential of sediments in the Rio Grande. The technology deployed was the Mobile High Shear Stress Flume. This unique device was developed by Sandia's Carlsbad Programs for the USACE and has been used extensively in collaborative efforts on near shore and river systems throughout the United States. Since surface water quantity and quality along with human health is an important part of the National Border Technology Program, technologies that aid in characterizing, managing, and protecting this valuable resource from possible contamination sources is imperative

  11. ANALYZING THE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF RICE FARMS IN THE RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Mussi Alvim

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the technical efficiency in rice farms in Rio Grande do Sul (RS. For this, we use the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA and the Tobit regression model. The study use the variables available in the Census of the Institute of Irrigated Rice of RS (IRGA, 2006. The study shows that most of the rice farmers are technically inefficient on local terms, and only 5.7% are efficient. In addition, it is possible to observe that the main variables, which increase the level of efficiency in different regions of the state, are technical assistance, education level and growing system. The results show that there are important differences between the rice farms, which depends of the region of RS and of the producer condition (owner or tenant.

  12. A different challenge: the directional drilled crossing for the Yacuiba - Rio Grande Gas Line Project - GASYRG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, Wayne; Garcia, Francisco [Bolinter Ltda., Santa Cruz (Bolivia); Montano, Ruben [Transierra, Santa Cruz (Bolivia)

    2003-07-01

    The Rio Grande River's directional drilling, 2002 m. long and 25 m. deep was a great challenge for Transierra - Owner - as well as Laney - Bolinter - Contractor - to accomplish a feat yet to be done in the entire world. The dedication of the people involved showed their degree of professionalism that these companies have obtained and the determination in doing the job overcoming unforeseen obstacles and still being able to finish on time, mitigating environmental impacts and leaving a first class crossing. This document presents a description of the technical, logistic and construction factors that were involved in the project and which allowed to perform 7 directional drillings, including Rio Grande River, which during the pull got the last 60 m. of pipe stuck, being freed only after using a pneumatic hammer. (author)

  13. Senecio brasiliensis (Asteraceae poisoning in Murrah buffaloes in Rio Grande do Sul Intoxicação natural por Senecio brasiliensis (Asteraceae em bubalinos no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André M.R. Corrêa

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Thirteen (14.4% out of 90 Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis became ill after con-sumption of Senecio brasiliensis, and 11 (12.2% of them died. The buffaloes were kept in a highly Senecio brasiliensis infested area. The poisoning occurred in June-August 2006 on a farm in the county of Nova Prata, Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Clinical signs included weakness, apathy, progressive weight loss, permanent decubitus, and diarrhea. Necropsy was performed in 2 of the 11 buffaloes that died. The pathological findings were typical of poisoning by pyrrolizidine alkaloids. High infestation of pastures with S. brasiliensis, severe drought, and consequent starvation were the main epidemiological factors associated with the poisoning here described.Descreve-se a ocorrência de um surto de intoxicação espontânea por Senecio brasiliensis em búfalos Murrah (Bubalus bubalis em uma propriedade localizada no município de Nova Prata, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, no período de junho a agosto de 2006. De um total de 90 búfalos, 13 adoeceram e 11 morreram. Os animais eram mantidos em áreas de pastoreio altamente infestadas por S. brasiliensis. Os principais sinais clínicos relatados foram letargia, apatia, emagrecimento progressivo, diarréia e decúbito permanente. Necropsia foi feita em dois dos 11 animais mortos. As lesões foram características de intoxicações por alcalóides pirrolizidínicos. A grande quantidade da planta, forte estiagem e desnutrição conseqüente foram os principais achados epidemiológicos associados com a mortalidade.

  14. Violência e sofrimento social no itinerário de travestis de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Helena Teixeira de Souza

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available No ano de 2012, realizamos pesquisa etnográfica com travestis de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, por meio de observação participante, entrevistas e acompanhamento de suas vidas cotidianas. Durante esse período, percebemos que as violências física e simbólica e o sofrimento delas decorrentes eram invariantes, condição com a qual tinham que lidar em seus itinerários, em suas práticas e afazeres diários. Este artigo discute as violências vivenciadas nas trajetórias percorridas pelas travestis (família, escola, delegacias, serviços de saúde, procurando, sobretudo, compreender como tais violências estão relacionadas às experiências nos serviços de saúde e como os serviços de saúde por elas acessados reagiram às violências.

  15. Caracterização de plintitas e petroplintitas em solos da depressão central do Rio Grande do Sul Plintites and petroplintites characterization in soils from central depression of the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Miguel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A presença, composição e distribuição de concreções ferruginosas no solo, denominadas de plintitas e petroplintitas, é condicionada às características ambientais da região, atribuindo propriedades intrínsecas ao solo. O objetivo do estudo foi caracterizar plintitas e petroplintitas de solos da Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul através da avaliação de características químicas e mineralógicas dessas feições. Para tanto, procedeu-se à caracterização química, morfológica e granulométrica de três perfis de solo. As concreções ferruginosas presentes em alguns horizontes foram separadas da matriz do solo e submetidas, separadamente, a sucessivos procedimentos de extrações seletivas de Fe e Al. Os horizontes dos solos apresentaram ampla variação de textura e atributos químicos como pH, S, V, m e Matéria Orgânica. Os teores de Feh, Fed e Feo seguiram a tendência: matriz do soloThe presence, composition and distribution of ferruginous concretions in the soil, called plinthite and petroplinthites, are conditioned to the environmental characteristics of the region, attributing intrinsic properties to the soil. The objective of this study was to understand the composition of plinthite and petroplinthites, of soils at the Central Depression of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, by the evaluation of chemical and mineralogical characteristics of these features. For this, chemical, morphological and particle size characterization of three soil profiles, was performed. The ferruginous concretions present in some horizons were separated from the soil matrix and submitted, separately to successive procedures for selective extraction of Fe and Al. The horizons of the soils showed a wide variation of textures and chemical attributes such as pH, S, V, m and MO. The levels of Feh, Feo and Fed followed the trend of the soil matrix

  16. Primeiro registro de Chara indica e Chara zeylanica (Charophyceae, Charales, Characeae em reservatórios do semiárido do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Henrique Gonzaga da Silva

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2013v26n3p243 No presente trabalho, apresentamos os primeiros registros das macroalgas Chara indica e Chara zeylanica para o estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil, e para o semiárido nordestino. Exemplares de C. indica e C. zeylanica foram coletados nos reservatórios de Santa Cruz e Umari, respectivamente. Ambos os reservatórios estão localizados na bacia hidrográfica do Rio Apodi-Mossoró (oeste do estado, estando inseridos no bioma Caatinga.

  17. A Physical Assessment of the Opportunities for Improved Management of the Water Resources of the Bi-National Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aparicio, J.; McKinney, D.; Valdes, J.; Guitron, A.; Thomas, G.

    2007-05-01

    The hydro-physical opportunities for expanding the beneficial uses of the fixed water supply in the Rio Grande/Bravo Basin to better satisfy an array of water management goals are examined. These include making agriculture more resilient to periodic conditions of drought, improving the reliability of supplies to cities and towns, and restoring lost environmental functions in the river system. This is a comprehensive, outcome-neutral, model- based planning exercise performed by some 20 technical, primarily non-governmental institutions from both countries, aimed at proposing strategies that can reduce future conflicts over water throughout the entire basin. The second track consists in generating a set of future water management scenarios that respond to the needs and objectives of the basin stakeholders in each segment and each country. An array of scenarios for improved water management has been developed for the lower Rio Grande/Rio Bravo basin in Texas and the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. Another set under development will focus on the Rio Conchos and the El Paso/Juarez region. Eventually, scenarios will be generated such that will comprehend the entire basin on both sides of the border. These scenarios are the product of consultations with agricultural water districts, governmental organizations and environmental NGOs. They include strategies for reducing the physical losses of water in the system, conservation transfers, improvements in the operations of the Mexican and international reservoirs, improvements in environmental flow conditions, improvements in reliability of water supplies, and drought coping strategies.These scenarios will be evaluated for hydrologic feasibility by the basin-wide model and the gaming exercises. Modeling is necessary to understand how these options will affect the entire system and how they can be crafted to maximize the benefits and avoid unintended or uncompensated effects. The scenarios that have the potential to provide large

  18. Relação entre as anomalias de TSM e qualidade potencial da uva na região nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul Relationship between oceanic indicators and potential quality of grape in the northeast region of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Lisbôa Gruppelli

    2008-03-01

    influence the potentiality of the grape is the precipitation. For the grapevine not only influences the total amount of rains, but also its distribution throughout the vegetative cycle. For these reasons it is of basic importance the study of the precipitation in the northeast region of the State. Among the variables researched which relate the variability of precipitation there is the sea surface temperature (SST. The main purposes of this work are: to identify the standards of anomalies of the SST of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and their relations in the precipitation in the northeast region of Rio Grande do Sul in the months from October to March. Therefore, it was focused the investigation of a possible previsibility of the precipitation with some months of antecedence and consequently a possible forecast of the potentiality of the grape for that region. The results have shown that the first main standard of seven oceanic areas presented a highly significant correlation with the accumulated precipitation of January and February in this region, and consequently, a correlation with the qualitative potentiality of the grape. Also, the high previsibility of the predominant standard in the months of January and February from anomalies of the SST average of October-November was evident.

  19. THE NATIONAL GUARD AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CENTRAL AND LOCAL POWERS IN THE PROVINCE OF RIO GRANDE DO SUL IN THE 19TH CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Fertig

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article aims at focusing the importance of the National Guard of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in the construction of the brazilian national State as an institution an articulator of the powers of the local to the center of power configured, in the mid 19th century, in Rio de Janeiro. For that, we discuss the main functions carried out by the militia in the Province, highlighting three spheres of activity: as police force in defense of internal order, such as military force in the wars in which the Empire of Brazil has been involved in the Region of Prata and, finally, as symbolic instrument at the service of the imperial State in nation-building.

  20. Disponibilidade de horas de frio na região central do Rio Grande do Sul: 2 - Distribuição geográfica Chilling hours in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul state: 2 - Geographic distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram traçadas as cartas da distribuição de disponibilidade de horas de frio na região Central do Rio Grande do Sul. Para tal, utilizaram-se os dados de disponibilidade de ocorrência do número médio acumulado de horas de frio Maps of chilling hours distribution in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were drawn. Mean of chilling hours bellow 7°C (HF<7 and 13°C (HF<13 accumulating every 15 days up to certain date were used. Isolines of different intensities were drawn using average accumulated values of the number of chilling hours for the occurrence probability of 50%. Two distribution combinations were used to determine the occurrence probability of chilling hours. One was a discrete distribution to verify if there was chilling hours accumulated during the 15 day interval and the other one was a continuous distribution used to identify the accumulate chilling hours. Regression equations that adjusted chilling hours values as a function of the local latitude and altitude were used to simplify isolines drawing. Lower values of accumulate chilling hours below 7°C and below 13°C were observed in locals with low altitudes, such as Jacuí, Vacacaí and Ibicuí river valleys and main tributary streams. However, higher values were observed in high altitudes mainly in Serra do Sudeste and Planalto highland areas.

  1. Analyzing the economics of tamarisk in the Pecos, Rio Grande, and Colorado River Watersheds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph W. Lewis; Allen Basala; Erika Zavaleta; Douglas L. Parker; John Taylor; Mark Horner; Christopher Dionigi; Timothy Carlson; Samuel Spiller; Frederick Nibling

    2006-01-01

    The potential economic effects of tamarisk (saltcedar), and the costs and benefits associated with controlling tamarisk infestations are being evaluated on the Pecos, Rio Grande, and Colorado River watersheds. Resource impacts analyzed include water, wildlife habitat, and fire risk. The extent of existing infestations will be quantified and projected over the next 30...

  2. Funcionalidades, limitações e potencialidades do Portal da Transparência do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul = Functionalities, limitations and potentialities of the Transparency Website of The State of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane dos Santos Allegretti

    2010-07-01

    this article is to identify the functionalities and limitations of the transparency website of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, as well as related websites, so as to propose improvements. The study is of an applied nature and a qualitative approach was adopted, with descriptive and exploratory objectives. A literature review and documentary analysis were carried out, together with a study of the legislation and the observation of the relevant websites. The article presents the principles of publicity and transparency in public administration and the use of the Internet as a way of publicizing their instruments. Parameters were established to evaluate the transparency, so as to allow the identification of the functionalities and limitations of the government websites. Finally, improvements to the websites were proposed. They were organized by subject, aiming at publicizing appropriate information in terms of publicity, comprehensibility and the usefulness of the information.

  3. On Ensino de Astronomia nas Cidades de Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, R. Z.; Voelzke, M. R.

    2007-08-01

    Apesar da astronomia ser um dos temas indicados pelos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais, observa-se que poucas mudanças ocorreram desde a implementação do mesmo em sala de aula. A presente pesquisa diz respeito sobre como os tópicos de astronomia estão sendo abordados pelos professores no ensino médio. Optou-se por aplicar um questionário com os professores que ministram a disciplina de física. Os mesmos trabalham em escolas estaduais situadas nas cidades de Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra, ambas subordinadas a Diretoria de Ensino de Mauá, no Estado de São Paulo. O questionário foi aplicado durante o 2° semestre de 2006. Até o momento os resultados são preliminares. Dos 82,0% dos professores que responderam ao questionário no município de Rio Grande da Serra, 66,7% não aplicaram nenhum tópico de astronomia, 77,8% não utilizaram qualquer tipo de programa computacional, 66,7% não utilizaram laboratório, que 77,8% nunca levaram os alunos a museus e ou planetários e que 66,7% não indicaram qualquer tipo de revista ou livro sobre astronomia aos seus alunos. No município de Ribeirão Pires, 53,3% dos professores responderam ao questionário, destes 75,0% não aplicaram nenhum tópico de astronomia, 93,8% não utilizaram qualquer tipo de programa computacional, 75,0% não utilizaram laboratório, 81,3% nunca levaram os alunos a museus e ou planetário e 56,3% não indicaram qualquer tipo de revista ou livro sobre astronomia ao seus alunos. Apesar da maioria dos professores reconhecerem que o conteúdo de astronomia influi na formação do jovem, os mesmos não incluem o tema em seus planejamentos escolares.

  4. Deep Production Well for Geothermal Direct-Use Heating of A Large Commercial Greenhouse, Radium Springs, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico; FINAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    James C. Witcher

    2002-01-01

    Expansion of a large commercial geothermally-heated greenhouse is underway and requires additional geothermal fluid production. This report discusses the results of a cost-shared U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and A.R. Masson, Inc. drilling project designed to construct a highly productive geothermal production well for expansion of the large commercial greenhouse at Radium Springs. The well should eliminate the potential for future thermal breakthrough from existing injection wells and the inducement of inflow from shallow cold water aquifers by geothermal production drawdown in the shallow reservoir. An 800 feet deep production well, Masson 36, was drilled on a US Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Geothermal Lease NM-3479 at Radium Springs adjacent to the A. R. Masson Radium Springs Farm commercial greenhouse 15 miles north of Las Cruces in Dona Ana County, New Mexico just west of Interstate 25 near the east bank of the Rio Grande. The area is in the Rio Grande rift, a tectonically-active region with high heat flow, and is one of the major geothermal provinces in the western United State

  5. Diagnóstico das lavouras de arroz do Rio Grande do Sul: Safras 2004/2005 x 2014/2015 = Diagnosis of rice field in Rio Grande do Sul: 2004/05 x 2014/15 crops

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Sérgio de Lima Azeredo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho avaliou os resultados financeiros e respectivas capacidades de investimentos de 1.217 lavouras de arroz irrigado, no sistema de cultivo mínimo, com participação simultânea nas safras 2004/05 e 2014/15 no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Aplicou-seanálise de sensibilidade, considerando diferentes cenários para os componentes dos custos variáveis, custos fixos desembolsáveis e comportamento da produtividade. Na análise de investimento, a safra 2004/05 apresentou resultado negativo no Valor Presente Líquido [VPL], em todas as simulações. A safra 2014/15, com custo variável e despesas de custeio inferiores a 10%, sem redução da produtividade em 5% ou mais, apresentou VPL positivo. Por conseguinte, a Taxa Interna de Retorno [TIR] e o payback descontado [PDB] foram favoráveis à aquisição de uma colhedora, objeto da análise para o Fluxo de Caixa Líquido [FCL] do investimento proposto. = This work evaluated the financial results and respective investment capacities of 1,217 irrigated rice crops in the system of the minumum-tillage with simultaneous participation in the 2004/05 and 2014/15 harvests in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. A sensitivity analysis was applied considering different scenarios for the components of variable costs, disbursable fixed costs and productivity behavior. In the investment analysis, the 2004/05 harvest presented a negative result in the Net Present Value [NPV] in all simulations. The 2014/15 harvest, with variable costs and costs of less than 10%, without reduction of productivity 5% or more presented a positive NPV. The Internal Rate of Return [IRR] and the discounted payback [PBD] favored the acquisition of a combine harvester, which is the subject of the analysis of the proposed Net Cash Flow [FCL] of the proposed investment.

  6. ENERGY POTENTIAL OF SPECIES FROM FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosimeire Cavalcante dos Santos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050989293The objective was to evaluate the energy potential of woods of species under forest management plan from Seridó region in the Rio Grande do Norte state. It was used the wood species Jurema Preta, Pereiro, Marmeleiro, Catingueira, Mororó, Imburana, Jurema Branca and Mofumbo, at 20 years old, originated from the Dominga´s farm in the Caicó/RN municipality. The density, the content of volatiles, the ash and fixed carbon, calorific value, elemental composition and carbon/nitrogen (C/N and carbon/hydrogen (C/H analysis were carried out in the wood. Additionally, the amount of energy produced in kW.h.m-3 and kW.h.ha-1 for all species was estimated. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with eight treatments (species, four replicates (sample trees, adding up to 32 sampling units. There were significant differences, at 5% significance between treatments for all variables, except for hydrogen percentage and C/H ratio. It was concluded that Mororó´s wood shows high energy potential, and along with Jurema Preta, presents higher energy generation per m3, and provides greater economy for the same productivity. The energy potential Jurema Preta wood´s stands out among the species. Pereiro´s wood stands for energy production per hectare. Marmeleiro and Jurema Branca´s woods are indicated as direct burning potential and Imburana´s wood is not recommended for power generation.

  7. OCORRÊNCIA E CARACTERIZAÇÃO DE PEIXES MARINHOS DA PRAIA DE PONTA NEGRA, RIO GRANDE DO NORTE, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Augusto Bezerra Gurgel

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A praia de Ponta Negra, localizada no município de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, abriga uma grande diversidade de peixes de importância econômica e ecológica. Esta ictiofauna local vem sofrendo com a destruição de seus ecossistemas devido às atividades antrópicas, em especial a alta especulação imobiliária, ao despejo de esgoto e a pesca predatória. O presente trabalho verificou a ocorrência e as características morfológicas externos de peixes marinhos das águas costeiras da praia de Ponta Negra, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Durante o período de janeiro a dezembro de 2012, foi registrada a ocorrência de dez espécies de peixes, distribuídos em três ordens (Carcharhiniformes, Siluriformes e Perciformes, oito famílias (Carcharhinidae, Ariidae, Centropomidae, Carangidae, Sciaenidae, Ephippidae, Scombridae, Trichiuridae. Os resultados do presente trabalho agregam ao estudo realizado anteriormente, quando 20 outras espécies de peixes marinhos foram registradas, e podem enriquecer o conhecimento da ictiofauna de águas costeiras de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Palavras-chave: região costeira, ictiofauna, taxonomia, pesca artesanal, recursos pesqueiros. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v4n3p112-118

  8. Análise do preenchimento de declarações de óbitos em localidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil, 1987 An analysis of death certificate information in a locality of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil, 1987

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irajá Carneiro Heckmann

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available É analisado o preenchimento dos itens existentes nas declarações de óbito registradas para o Município de Viamão, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, durante 1987. Os itens foram sistematizados segundo as informações em branco, ignoradas ou incorretas. Observou-se uma pequena omissão no preenchimento dos dados de identificação do falecido, sendo maior no tocante aos antecedentes sociais e obstétricos, assistência médica e casos de morte violenta. Para melhorar o preenchimento das declarações de óbito sugere-se processo de sensibilização contínua do médico para a importância dos dados por ele assinalados, capacitação de funcionários administrativos que lidam com as declarações e realização de estudos de mortalidade setorizados por serviços de saúde.It was analyzed the quality of death certificate information for deaths registed in Viamão county (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil during 1987, considering unfilled blanks, and unknown and incorrect responses. Small omissions were found in data identifying the person who had died; larger omissions in data concerning social and obstetric history, medical assistance, and violent deaths. To improve the quality of death certificate information it was suggested that physicians be continually reminded of the importance of giving the correct information on death certificates to allow for their later adequate administrative and research use.

  9. Occurrence of antibiotics in hospital, residential, and dairy effluent, municipal wastewater, and the Rio Grande in New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Kathryn D; Kulis, Jerzy; Thomson, Bruce; Chapman, Timothy H; Mawhinney, Douglas B

    2006-08-01

    This study had three objectives: 1) determine occurrence of antibiotics in effluent from hospitals, residential facilities, and dairies, and in municipal wastewater 2) determine antibiotic removal at a large wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Albuquerque, NM, and 3) determine concentrations of antibiotics in the Rio Grande, which receives wastewater from the Albuquerque WWTP. Twenty-three samples of wastewater and 3 samples of Rio Grande water were analyzed for the presence of 11 antibiotics. Fifty-eight percent of samples had at least one antibiotic present while 25% had three or more. Hospital effluent had detections of sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, lincomycin, and penicillin G, with 4 of 5 hospital samples having at least one antibiotic detected and 3 having four or more. At the residential sampling sites, ofloxacin was found in effluent from assisted living and retirement facilities, while the student dormitory had no detects. Only lincomycin was detected in dairy effluent (in 2 of 8 samples, at 700 and 6600 ng/L). Municipal wastewater had detections of sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, ciprofloxacin, and ofloxacin, with 4 of 6 samples having at least one antibiotic present and 3 having 3 or more. The relatively high concentrations (up to 35,500 ng/L) of ofloxacin found in hospital and residential effluent may be of concern due to potential genotoxic effects and development of antibiotic resistance. At the Albuquerque WWTP, both raw wastewater and treated effluent had detections of sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and ofloxacin, at concentrations ranging from 110 to 470 ng/L. However, concentrations in treated effluent were reduced by 20% to 77%. No antibiotics were detected in the Rio Grande upstream of the Albuquerque WWTP discharge, and only one antibiotic, sulfamethoxazole, was detected in the Rio Grande (300 ng/L) below the WWTP.

  10. The drosophilid fauna (Diptera, Drosophilidae of the transition between the Pampa and Atlantic Forest Biomes in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil: first records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleverton J.C. Hochmüller

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Although studies on drosophilid (Diptera, Drosophilidae assemblages have become relatively abundant in the past decades, many environments remain to be searched. The present study investigates the composition, the species abundances and the richness of the drosophilid assemblages in two localities of the municipality of Cruz Alta, northwestern region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, a point of contact between the biomes Atlantic Forest and Pampa: (i an urban area (2007, constituted by a domestic orchard with Citrus trees, and (ii a forested area, in Centro de Educação, Pesquisa e Proteção Ambiental - CEPPA (2008/2009, of Universidade de Cruz Alta, located in a fragment of riparian forest. Collections were conducted using fermented banana-baited traps and repeated periodically. A total of 7,428 individuals were caught, belonging to two subfamilies, six genera and 53 species. In the urban area, 22 species were found, from two genera (N = 2,421, while in the forested area 46 species were found, from six genera (N = 5,007. Six exotic species were found, markedly more abundant in the urban area, where they corresponded to 95% of the specimens, in comparison to 50% in the forest. Between the Neotropical species, the most common were Drosophila maculifrons Duda and D. polymorpha Dobzhansky & Pavan. Only D. simulans Sturtevant was captured in all samples in both localities. The present survey represents the first records for the state of Rio Grande do Sul of the D. canalinea and D. virilis species groups and the species D. arassari Cunha & Frota-Pessoa, D. fuscolineata Duda, D. nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, D. papei Bächli & Vilela, D. senei Vilela, D. trifilum Frota-Pessoa, D. virilis Sturtevant, Leucophenga maculosa (Coquillett and Rhinoleucophenga obesa (Loew. Furthermore, it also represents the first record for the state of the genera Amiota Loew, Leucophenga Mik and Rhinoleucophenga Hendel and of the subfamily Steganinae. So, the present

  11. Federalismo, municípios e decisões legislativas: a criação de municípios no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Ricardo de Limas Tomio

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda o processo político que gerou os milhares de novos municípios no Brasil, utilizando o estado do Rio Grande do Sul como cenário das relações entre os poderes Executivo e Legislativo estaduais a partir da segunda metade do século XX. A recente fragmentação das unidades de governo local, assim como a institucionalização de uma federação em três níveis, é um fenômeno político restrito ao Brasil. Entre os estados, o Rio Grande do Sul foi aquele que mais intensamente fragmentou seu território: entre os anos de 1988 e 2000 foram criados 253 novos municípios nesse estado. Para descrever esse processo utilizarei uma abordagem histórico-institucional. As decisões favoráveis à criação e municípios predominaram no processo decisório estadual: 1 porque a consolidação da descentralização fiscal garantiu a estabilidade das transferências fiscais aos municípios; 2 devido à descentralização da regulamentação dos novos municípios em favor dos estados e 3 porque os poderes legislativos estaduais conquistaram grande autonomia no processo decisório da criação de municípios, como no Rio Grande do Sul, onde a participação popular na proposição legislativa, a prerrogativa exclusiva dos eleitores iniciarem a tramitação do processo e a manifestação popular no plebiscito limitaram a capacidade de controle do poder Executivo sobre o resultado legislativo.

  12. Water-quality assessment of the Rio Grande Valley study unit, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas: analysis of selected nutrient, suspended-sediment, and pesticide data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderholm, S.K.; Radell, M.J.; Richey, S.F.

    1995-01-01

    This report contains a summary of data compiled from sources throughout the Rio Grande Valley study unit of the National Water-Quality Assessment program. Information presented includes the sources and types of water-quality data available, the utility of water-quality data for statistical analysis, and a description of recent water-quality conditions and trends and their relation to natural and human factors. Water-quality data are limited to concentrations of selected nutrient species in surface water and ground water, concentrations of suspended sediment and suspended solids in surface water, and pesticides in surface water, ground water, and biota.The Rio Grande Valley study unit includes about 45,900 square miles in Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas upstream from the streamflow-monitoring station Rio Grande at El Paso, Texas. The area also includes the San Luis Closed Basin and the surface-water closed basins east of the Continental Divide and north of the United States-Mexico international border. The Rio Grande drains about 29,300 square miles in these States; the remainder of the study unit area is in closed basins. Concentrations of all nutrients found in surface-water samples collected from the Rio Grande, with the exception of phosphorus, generally remained nearly constant from the northernmost station in the study unit to Rio Grande near Isleta, where concentrations were larger by an order of magnitude. Total nitrogen and total phosphorus loads increased downstream between Lobatos, Colorado, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. Nutrient concentrations remained elevated with slight variations until downstream from Elephant Butte Reservoir, where nutrient concentrations were lower. Nutrient concentrations then increased downstream from the reservoir, as evidenced by elevated concentrations at Rio Grande at El Paso, Texas.Suspended-sediment concentrations were similar at stations upstream from Otowi Bridge near San Ildefonso, New Mexico. The concentration and

  13. Public educational policy in Rio Grande do Sul: Indicators for discussion and analysis in the area of the High Abilities/ Giftedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Joyce Wellausen Vieira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The actions to settle the proposal of public educational policy in Rio Grande do Sul state (Brazil are discussed and analyzed in this paper, based upon Prieto’s indicators (2001, 2002, 2003: legal guidelines; theoretical conception; educational organization and functioning; educational system management; investments in the educational field; and teachers’ working conditions. Finally, a new paradigm of Special Education and the relevance of proposing public policies considering this model are highlighted, as well as the importance of an articulation among the different state departments to reinforce the public policy actions.

  14. Captures of Crawford's gray shrews (Notiosorex crawfordi) along the Rio Grande in central New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alice Chung-MacCoubrey; Heather L. Bateman; Deborah M. Finch

    2009-01-01

    We captured >2000 Crawford's gray shrews (Notiosorex crawfordi) in a riparian forest mainly consisting of cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) along the Rio Grande in central New Mexico. Little has been published about abundance and habitat of Crawford's gray shrew throughout its distributional range. During 7 summers, we...

  15. Human impacts on riparian ecosystems of the Middle Rio Grande Valley during historic times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank E. Wozniak

    1996-01-01

    The development of irrigation agriculture in historic times has profoundly impacted riparian ecosystems in the Middle Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico. A vital relationship has existed between water resources and settlement in the semi-arid Southwest since prehistoric times. Levels of technology have influenced human generated changes in the riparian ecosystems of the...

  16. Homicides among teenagers in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: vulnerability, susceptibility, and gender cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sant'Anna Ana Rosária

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a quantitative and qualitative study on homicides among teenagers in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, based on a historical series during the 1990s and the life and death histories in this group, with a special focus on 1997. In that year there were 68 homicides in which the victims were from 10 to 19 years old. Of the 68, 62 were males and only 6 females, or a ratio of 10:1, showing that young males are more vulnerable and susceptible to being murdered. The data indicate that cause of death is influenced by gender culture and that homicides are based on power and status symbols characterizing a kind of virility. This expression of virility in the shaping of violence also appears in the domination of the female body observed in homicides with young women as the victims. The life and death histories of these teenagers highlight the pertinence of the gender-based analysis as a theoretical-analytical category, in addition to analyses considering socioeconomic aspects and social inequity.

  17. Léa Linhares and Judo in Rio Grande do Sul in the 1960s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Gomes de Assis Pimentel

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8042.2017v29n50p123 This paper analyzes the insertion of women in judo in Rio Grande do Sul in the 1960s from the perspective of one of its leading figures. Based on the theoretical-methodological contribution of the Oral History, two interviews given by Léa Linhares were analyzed. Both interviews were collated with other sources, such as pictures, reports and institutional documents. From the analysis of the empiric material, four understandings of the meaning of judo to that fighter have emerged: opening paths to personal development; expanding spaces for female participation in sports in times of struggles and hidden prejudices; creating self-defense mechanisms against violence; acknowledging the presence of women in the police staff in Rio Grande do Sul. Léa was the first black belt in the south of Brazil, but this achievement was not acknowledged by the Brazilian Sports Confederation. This caused her to quit judo, and consequences were felt along her lifetime.

  18. Chemical signature study of tupiguarani ceramic tradition from Central region of the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil; Estudo de assinaturas quimicas em ceramica da tradicao tupiguarani da regiao central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bona, Irene Akemy Tomiyoshi

    2006-07-01

    In this work a model based on experimental results using chemical composition data of the pottery sherds applied to Spearmann's no parametric test, principal component analysis and discriminant analysis, was applied. The samples are soils and Tupiguarani Tradition pottery sherd from the central area of the Rio Grande do Sul State. The chemical elements , Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Fe, K Mn, Pb, Rb, S, Si, Sr, Ti, V and Zn were determined by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXFR) while Ce, Cu, Gd, La, Nd, Pr, Sm, Th and Y by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP-MS) techniques. Relationships among the pottery characteristics, studied sites and sherd dispersion in the several sites were proposed. Indications of chemical signature of the small pottery with function to go or not to the fire were observed. The largest dispersion is of small pottery with surface treatment no corrugated. The potteries chemical fingerprints from Ijui River, Ibicui-Vacacai Mirim River and Jacui River were verified. (author)

  19. Fish assemblage composition and mapped mesohabitat features over a range of streamflows in the Middle Rio Grande, New Mexico, winter 2011-12, summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Daniel K.; Braun, Christopher L.; Moring, J. Bruce

    2016-01-21

    This report documents differences in the mapped spatial extents and physical characteristics of in-channel fish habitat evaluated at the mesohabitat scale during winter 2011–12 (moderate streamflow) and summer 2012 (low streamflow) at 15 sites on the Middle Rio Grande in New Mexico starting about 3 kilometers downstream from Cochiti Dam and ending about 40 kilometers upstream from Elephant Butte Reservoir. The results of mesohabitat mapping, physical characterization, and fish assemblage surveys are summarized from the data that were collected. The report also presents general comparisons of physical mesohabitat data, such as wetted area and substrate type, and biological mesohabitat data, which included fish assemblage composition, species richness, Rio Grande silvery minnow relative abundance, and Rio Grande silvery minnow catch per unit effort.

  20. Ácaros predadores (Acari em plantas nativas e cultivadas do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Predators mites (Acari in native and cultivated plants of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noeli Juarez Ferla

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out in twenty counties of the following regions in the state of Rio Grande do Sul: Plain, Central Depression, Plateau and Coast Plain to find out the diversity of mite predators in these places. Forty-six vegetable species were sampled, thirty species of miles of the families Anystidae, Ascidae, Cheyletidae, Cunaxidae, Phyloseiidae and Stigmaeidae were mel. The Phytoseiidae were the mite that presented the greatest diversity, being present in the majority of the sample plants. Most of the Phytoseiidae that were met belong to five species of the Euseius Wainstein, 1962 genus, the second genus of this family was Iphiseiodes DeLeon, 1966, with just one species. The Stigmaeidae come up as second family in number but fewer than Phytoseiidae. In this family, the most common mite belong to the Agistemus Sumers, 1960 genus. The biggest of the mites species (13 species, was met in Morus spp. (Moraceae and Tabebuia spp. (Bignoniaceae; Phaseolus vulgaris (Papilionaceae; only one species of the mite was met in Campomanesia spp. (Myrtaceae, Phaseolus vulgaris (Papilionaceae and Rosa spp. (Rosaceae. In Alamanda spp.(Apocinaceae, Ficus spp. (Moraceae, Jacaranda mimosifolia (Bignoniaceae and Solanum spp. (Solanaceae were met mites predators. A dichotomic key is presented to separate the families, genus and species of the mites.

  1. Monitoring the domiciliary and peridomiciliary invasion process of Triatoma rubrovaria in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almeida Carlos Eduardo

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of Triatoma rubrovaria in Brazil has only been confirmed in the States of Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul (RS, where it is found naturally infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. In the wild environment it occurs in rocky habitats and has an eclectic diet, feeding from cockroaches, reptiles and mammals. Data from the Chagas Disease Control Program obtained by the Fundação Nacional de Saúde, between 1975 and 1997, indicate a growing domiciliary and peridomiciliary invasion of T. rubrovaria in RS, where it has become the most frequently Triatominae species captured in this state since the control of Triatoma infestans. In order to monitor this process, we analyzed collection data derived from 22 years of control campaigns against T. infestans. Collection data for triatomines from domestic habitats show an inverse relationship, with high numbers of T. infestans and low numbers of T. rubrovaria during 1976-1987, compared to the following ten years, 1986-1997, when the number of T. infestans dropped drastically and that of T. rubrovaria increased. There are no consistent indications of intradomiciliary colonization by T. rubrovaria, since only low numbers of nymphs have been captured in the intradomiciliary ecotopes. Nevertheless, this species appears to have preadaptive characteristics for anthropic ecotopes, and should be kept under constant epidemiological surveillance.

  2. Distribution patterns of ferns and lycophytes in the Coastal Region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Gonzatti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A survey of ferns and lycophytes of the Coastal Region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul (CRRS was performed based on field work and collections of the main regional herbaria. The following were evaluated for each species: preferential habits (terrestrial, epiphytic or aquatic, geographic distribution patterns and habitats (forest, grassland, and wetland. The occurrence of a latitudinal gradient in diversity was tested over five latitudinal ranges using the Sørensen Similarity Index. A total of 17 lycophyte and 206 fern species representing 28 families was found between the latitudes of 29° and 34°S. Exclusively terrestrial species were predominant (162, with the majority (113 exhibiting wide Neotropical distributions, followed by species that also occurred in the state of Paraná (44. The forest habitat harbored the greatest number of species (159, while grasslands had the fewest (26. Cluster analysis showed pronounced floristic differentiation among latitudinal Ranges III (31°01' to 32°S and IV (32°01' to 31°S, with a similarity index of only 0.41. Our results demonstrate a strong north-to-south reduction in species richness in the study area, which is related to environmental conditions along the latitudinal gradient and, especially, microclimatic differences in the transition zone between the Atlantic Forest and Pampa biomes.

  3. Data collection for cooperative water resources modeling in the Lower Rio Grande Basin, Fort Quitman to the Gulf of Mexico.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Passell, Howard David; Pallachula, Kiran (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Villalobos, Joshua (Texas A& M University); Piccinni, Giovanni (Texas A& M University); Brainard, James Robert; Gerik, Thomas (Texas A& M University); Morrison, Wendy (Texas A& M University); Serrat-Capdevila, Aleix (University of Arizona); Valdes, Juan (University of Arizona); Sheng, Zhuping (Texas A& M University); Lovato, Rene (Instituto Mexicano de Tecnologia del Agua); Guitron, Alberto (Instituto Mexicano de Tecnologia del Agua); Ennis, Martha Lee; Aparicio, Javier (Instituto Mexicano de Tecnologia del Agua); Newman, Gretchen Carr (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Michelsen, Ari M. (Texas A& M University)

    2004-10-01

    Water resource scarcity around the world is driving the need for the development of simulation models that can assist in water resources management. Transboundary water resources are receiving special attention because of the potential for conflict over scarce shared water resources. The Rio Grande/Rio Bravo along the U.S./Mexican border is an example of a scarce, transboundary water resource over which conflict has already begun. The data collection and modeling effort described in this report aims at developing methods for international collaboration, data collection, data integration and modeling for simulating geographically large and diverse international watersheds, with a special focus on the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo. This report describes the basin, and the data collected. This data collection effort was spatially aggregated across five reaches consisting of Fort Quitman to Presidio, the Rio Conchos, Presidio to Amistad Dam, Amistad Dam to Falcon Dam, and Falcon Dam to the Gulf of Mexico. This report represents a nine-month effort made in FY04, during which time the model was not completed.

  4. Stopover ecology of landbirds migrating along the middle Rio Grande in spring and fall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang Yong; Deborah M. Finch

    2002-01-01

    This research represents the first comprehensive summary of our study of stopover ecology of migratory landbirds in riparian habitats along the middle Rio Grande of central New Mexico. We report results from mist-netting operations conducted during spring and fall migration in 1994, 1995, and 1996. A total of 23,800 individuals of 146 species were captured during the...

  5. Novos registros em Tillandsia L. (Bromeliaceae, Tillandsioideae) para o Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Büneker,Henrique Mallmann; Pontes,Rodrigo Corrêa; Witeck-Neto,Leopoldo

    2015-01-01

    Resumo São registradas pela primeira vez para a flora do estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil) Tillandsia loliacea Mart. ex Schult.f. e Tillandsia pohliana Mez, sendo também redescoberta Tillandsia bandensis Baker neste estado e Brasil. São fornecidas descrições, fotografias e dados de suas distribuições geográficas.

  6. Uso e diversidade de plantas medicinais da Caatinga na comunidade rural de Laginhas, município de Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte (Nordeste do Brasil Use and diversity of medicinal plants from Caatinga in the rural community of Laginhas, Caicó Municipality, Rio Grande do Norte State (Northeast of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A Roque

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo identificar as formas de uso de plantas medicinais nativas do bioma Caatinga, em comunidade rural no município de Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte (Nordeste do Brasil. Utilizaram-se entrevistas semi-estruturadas e estruturadas buscando informações, junto a especialistas locais, sobre o uso das plantas. São descritos os usos medicinais de 62 espécies, reportadas por 12 informantes (mateiros, rezadeiras, raizeiros, agricultores e donas-de-casa com idade superior a 35 anos. As famílias com maior representatividade na consulta foram Fabaceae (13 spp., Euphorbiaceae (6 spp. Cactaceae (3 spp. e Lamiaceae (3 spp.. Para revelar as espécies mais importantes foi considerado o grau de consenso entre as respostas dos informantes. A aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão e o cumaru (Amburana cearensis (Allemão A. C. Sm. destacaram-se como as espécies com o maior número de citações, sendo estas também as que obtiveram o maior número de indicações de usos terapêuticos. As cascas e as raízes foram as partes predominantemente consumidas. Os dados levantados por esta pesquisa evidenciaram uma diversidade de espécies da flora seridoense com potencial medicinal e reforçam a importância que a biodiversidade tem sobre as comunidades rurais, viabilizando o início do estudo de manejo da vegetação local.The present study aimed to identify the different uses of medicinal plants native to Caatinga biome in a rural community from Caicó Municipality, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. Semi-structured and structured interviews with local specialists were used to collect information about the use of such plants. The medicinal uses of 62 species were described by 12 informants (woodsmen, faith healers, herb doctors, farmers and housewives older than 35 years. The most representative families reported in the survey were Fabaceae (13 spp, Euphorbiaceae (6 spp., Cactaceae (3 spp., and Lamiaceae (3 spp.. The degree of

  7. Percepção e medidas de gestão de riscos por produtores de arroz irrigado na Fronteira Oeste do Rio Grande do Sul Risk perception and risk management measures by irrigated rice growers in Fronteira Oeste, Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Fernandes Finger

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A produção agrícola apresenta características particulares, se comparada a outras atividades econômicas, sendo uma das mais marcantes a extensão dos riscos aos quais está exposta. O cultivo de arroz (Oryza sativa L. irrigado, embora pareça menos suscetível do que as culturas de sequeiro, também está exposto a riscos. Maior produtor mundial de arroz fora da Ásia, o Brasil tem no Rio Grande do Sul seu principal estado produtor. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar como o orizicultor da Fronteira Oeste do Rio Grande do Sul percebe os riscos da sua atividade e quais medidas adota para geri-los. A metodologia empregada envolveu aplicação presencial de questionários a orizicultores, de acordo com uma amostra não probabilística. Os resultados indicaram que os orizicultores atribuem maior relevância aos riscos socioeconômicos do que aos de produção. Evidencia-se, assim, a importância da gestão do negócio pelos orizicultores, para que sua atividade esteja integrada com os demais elos da cadeia produtiva. A redução de custos pode ser uma alternativa para mitigação de riscos de mercado, apontados como os mais relevantes pelos orizicultores. A percepção dos orizicultores sobre riscos e sobre medidas para mitigá-los pode representar a base na formulação de estratégias de gestão de riscos.Agricultural production has many different influencing factors compared to other economic activities. One of the most striking is the extent of the risks to which it is exposed. Irrigated rice (Oryza sativa L. cultivation, although seeming less susceptible than non-irrigated crops, is also exposed to risks. World's largest producer of rice outside Asia, Brazil has the state of Rio Grande do Sul as its main producer. The aim of this study was to analyze how rice farmers in Fronteira Oeste, Rio Grande do Sul realize the risks of their activity and how they manage them. Methodology involved the administration of a questionnaire, according to

  8. Molecular confirmation of ovine herpesvirus 2-induced malignant catarrhal fever lesions in cattle from Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selwyn A. Headley

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Molecular findings that confirmed the participation of ovine herpesvirus 2 (OVH-2 in the lesions that were consistent with those observed in malignant catarrhal fever of cattle are described. Three mixed-breed cattle from Rio Grande do Norte state demonstrated clinical manifestations that included mucopurulent nasal discharge, corneal opacity and motor incoordination. Routine necropsy examination demonstrated ulcerations and hemorrhage of the oral cavity, corneal opacity, and lymph node enlargement. Significant histopathological findings included widespread necrotizing vasculitis, non-suppurative meningoencephalitis, lymphocytic interstitial nephritis and hepatitis, and thrombosis. PCR assay performed on DNA extracted from kidney and mesenteric lymph node of one animal amplified a product of 423 base pairs corresponding to a target sequence within the ovine herpesvirus 2 (OVH-2 tegument protein gene. Direct sequencing of the PCR products, from extracted DNA of the kidney and mesenteric lymph node of one cow, amplified the partial nucleotide sequences (423 base pairs of OVH-2 tegument protein gene. Blast analysis confirmed that these sequences have 98-100% identity with similar OVH-2 sequences deposited in GenBank. Phylogenetic analyses, based on the deduced amino acid sequences, demonstrated that the strain of OVH-2 circulating in ruminants from the Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Norte and Minas Gerais are similar to that identified in other geographical locations. These findings confirmed the active participation of OVH-2 in the classical manifestations of sheep associated malignant catarrhal fever.

  9. A multi-dimensional analysis of the upper Rio Grande-San Luis Valley social-ecological system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mix, Ken

    The Upper Rio Grande (URG), located in the San Luis Valley (SLV) of southern Colorado, is the primary contributor to streamflow to the Rio Grande Basin, upstream of the confluence of the Rio Conchos at Presidio, TX. The URG-SLV includes a complex irrigation-dependent agricultural social-ecological system (SES), which began development in 1852, and today generates more than 30% of the SLV revenue. The diversions of Rio Grande water for irrigation in the SLV have had a disproportionate impact on the downstream portion of the river. These diversions caused the flow to cease at Ciudad Juarez, Mexico in the late 1880s, creating international conflict. Similarly, low flows in New Mexico and Texas led to interstate conflict. Understanding changes in the URG-SLV that led to this event and the interactions among various drivers of change in the URG-SLV is a difficult task. One reason is that complex social-ecological systems are adaptive, contain feedbacks, emergent properties, cross-scale linkages, large-scale dynamics and non-linearities. Further, most analyses of SES to date have been qualitative, utilizing conceptual models to understand driver interactions. This study utilizes both qualitative and quantitative techniques to develop an innovative approach for analyzing driver interactions in the URG-SLV. Five drivers were identified for the URG-SLV social-ecological system: water (streamflow), water rights, climate, agriculture, and internal and external water policy. The drivers contained several longitudes (data aspect) relevant to the system, except water policy, for which only discreet events were present. Change point and statistical analyses were applied to the longitudes to identify quantifiable changes, to allow detection of cross-scale linkages between drivers, and presence of feedback cycles. Agricultural was identified as the driver signal. Change points for agricultural expansion defined four distinct periods: 1852--1923, 1924--1948, 1949--1978 and 1979

  10. Visualização dos padrões de variação da taxa de mortalidade infantil no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: comparação entre as abordagens Bayesiana Empírica e Totalmente Bayesiana Patterns of variation in the infant mortality rate in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: comparison of empirical Bayesian and fully Bayesian approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Letícia Couto da Silva

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A mortalidade infantil é um sensível indicador de saúde. Conhecer o seu perfil geográfico auxilia na formulação de estratégias de saúde pública. O mapeamento de doenças tem por objetivo descrever a distribuição geográfica das taxas de mortalidade ou incidência de doenças por intermédio de mapas. Em razão da alta instabilidade das taxas brutas quando há pequenas áreas, utilizam-se os métodos de suavização bayesiana, que se valem de informações de toda a região ou da vizinhança para estimar as taxas. O artigo faz a comparação entre os métodos Bayesiano Empírico e Totalmente Bayesiano para as taxas de mortalidade infantil (dados acumulados de 2001 a 2004 no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. O trabalho aponta as vantagens do uso dos estimadores bayesianos na visualização espacial dos mapas. Os métodos Bayesianos Empíricos apresentaram resultados muito semelhantes aos dos métodos Totalmente Bayesianos e possuem a grande vantagem de ser de fácil utilização por profissionais da área de saúde, destacando igualmente os principais padrões espaciais da taxa de mortalidade no Rio Grande do Sul no período estudado.Infant mortality is considered a sensitive health indicator, and knowledge of its geographical profile is essential for formulating appropriate public health policies. Disease mapping aims to describe the geographical distribution of disease incidence and mortality rates. Due to the heavy instability of crude rates in small areas, methods involving Bayesian smoothing of rates are used, drawing on information for the whole area or neighborhood to estimate the event rate. The current study compares empirical Bayesian (EB and fully Bayesian (FB methods for infant mortality rates (accumulated data from 2001 to 2004 in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This study highlights the advantages of Bayesian estimators for viewing and interpreting maps. For the problem at hand, EB and FB methods showed quite similar results and

  11. Ocorrência de Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese, 1888 (Acari: Macronyssidae em filhotes de Megascops choliba (corujinha-do-mato e Pitangus sulphuratus (bem-te-vi, no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Ocurrence of Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese, 1888 (Acari: Macronyssidae on Megascops choliba (tropical screech-owl and Pitangus sulphuratus (great kiskadee nestlings in the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina S. Mascarenhas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O Núcleo de Reabilitação da Fauna Silvestre e Centro de Triagem de Animais Silvestres da Universidade Federal de Pelotas - RS atendeu dois filhotes de Megascops choliba (corujinha-do-mato (Strigiformes - Strigidae e dois de Pitangus sulphuratus (bem-te-vi (Passeriformes - Tyrannidae intensamente parasitados por ácaros, em maio de 2005 e dezembro de 2006, respectivamente. Os filhotes e o ninho de P. sulphuratus foram recolhidos na zona urbana da cidade de Pelotas - RS após forte temporal. Os ácaros foram removidos, colocados em álcool 70% e levados ao laboratório de parasitologia para identificação. Os espécimes foram clarificados em lactofenol, montados em meio de Hoyer e identificados como Ornithonyssus bursa (Acari - Macronyssidae. Registra-se Megascops choliba e Pitangus sulphuratus como hospedeiros de Ornithonyssus bursa, no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.The Center for Rehabilitation of Wildlife and Center for Selection of Wild Animal of the Federal University of Pelotas has attended two nestlings of Megascops choliba (tropical screech-owl (Strigiformes - Strigidae and two of Pitangus sulphuratus (great kiskadee (Passeriformes - Tyrannidae heavily parasitized by mites, in May 2005 and December 2006, respectively. The nestlings and the nest of P. sulphuratus were collected in the Pelotas urban area after severe storms. The mites were removed, clarified in lactofenol, permanently mounted in Hoyer's medium and identified as Ornithonyssus bursa (Acari - Macronyssidae. Megascops choliba and Pitangus sulphuratus are reported as host of Ornithonyssus bursa in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

  12. CARACTERIZAÇÃO E USO DE SOLOS EM REGIÃO SEMI-ÁRIDA DO MÉDIO OESTE DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edimar Teixeira Diniz Filho

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The local as regional landscape presents two distinct landscapes: sediments removal from elevated parts and Pedoenvironmental of accumulation of sediments in the area of sandbank with the pedoforms convex-convex, with the biggest curvatures in the sandbanks. The objective of the present work was of characterize physically, morphologicament and chemically the soils groups, located in Semi-Arid region of the medium one West of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Few studies about the morphology, mineralogy, genesis and classification of the soils developed in the state of Rio Grande do Note mainly in the medium one West of Northeast of Brazil. Inside this context eight soils representative of that landscape into caatinga were characterized by means of description morphologic, granulometric and chemical. The results observed in the granulometry of the Luvisol and Neosol reflect basically the different deposition situations in those soils. The high values of organic matter and nitrogen in the superficial horizons, decreasing with the depth and the strong presence of calcium and magnesium justified the variation of pH and the high value of the cation exchange capacity.

  13. Asteroidea de la plataforma continental de Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil, coleccionados durante los viajes del N/Oc. "prof. W. Besnard" para el proyecto Rio Grande do Sul Asteroidea of the continental shelf of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil, collected during the cruises of the R/V "prof. W. Besnard" for the project Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos J Carrera-Rodríguez

    1977-01-01

    Full Text Available 1 - La hidrología del área estudiada, entre las latitudes 29º y 34ºS, es muy compleja y esta influenciada por aguas tropicales traídas por la Corriente de Brasil, por aguas subantarticas traídas por la Corriente de las Malvinas, por las aguas del estuario del Rio de La Plata y por la presencia cercana de la Convergencia Subtropical. 2 - Las aguas que cubren la plataforma continental del Estado de Rio Grande do Sul pueden clasificarse como Aguas Costeras de Influencia Tropical (ACIT, Aguas del Talud Continental (AT y Aguas Costeras de Influencia Subantártica (ACISA originadas casi exclusivamente por procesos de mezcla. 3 - En otoño e invierno es mayor la influencia de las ACISA, AT y las aguas del estuario del Rio de La Plata sobretodo en la región septentrional del área estudiada; ocurren inversiones de temperatura y predominan los procesos de mezcla sobre los de interacción océano-aire. 4 - En primavera y verano es mayor la influencia de las ACIT; predominan los procesos de interacción océano-aire sobre los de mezcla y se encuentra evidencia sugiriendo la ocurrencia de resurgencias en varios puntos. 5 - Los procesos hidrográficos del área estudiada varían estacionalmente y ademas anualmente según las condiciones meteorológicas reinantes. 6 - La fauna de Asteroidea de Rio Grande do Sul comprende cinco ordenes, nueve familias, 15 géneros y 24 especies. 7 - El área estudiada tiene una fauna de asteroideos principalmente tropical y subtropical pero incluye elementos subantárticos y antárticos. Los primeros se encuentran sobretodo al norte del paralelo de 31ºS mientras que los segundos ocurren principalmente al sur de ese paralelo. Constituye esto evidencia adicional a la hipótesis de que el área estudiada comprende dos regiones hidrográficas con su división aproximada en el paralelo 31ºS. 8 - Se reportan ocho nuevas ocurrencias: Labidiaster radiosus Lutken, Luidla clathrata (Say, Marginaster pectinatus Perrier

  14. Salmonellosis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1997 to 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costalunga Suzana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Salmonella spp. was the major cause of reported foodborne diseases in the last years in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, South of Brazil. Epidemiological data on salmonellosis, occurred in the period of 1997 to 1999 and supplied by the Division of Sanitary Surveillance (DVS/RS, were analysed according to the following factors: total number of confirmed outbreaks, number of people involved, outbreaks incidence according to the period of the year, age and sex of involved people, food vehicle, food storage conditions, local where the disease occurred, and possible causes of the outbreaks. The results indicated that 8217 people were involved, and 1557 had to be hospitalized. The highest number of outbreaks occurred during springtime and the principal age group affected was between 16 and 50 years. The most common food vehicle was salad prepared with homemade mayonnaise (42.45%. The principal causes of salmonellosis were raw-materials not submitted to regulatory inspection (22.92%, mainly eggs, and foods maintained at room temperature for more than 2 hours (20.55%. The majority of the outbreaks occurred in private homes (43.70% and commercial food establishments (25.21%.

  15. Water Management for Competing Uses: Environmental Flows in the Transboundary Rio Grande/Rio Bravo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval Solis, S.; McKinney, D. C.

    2011-12-01

    Introduction Due to high water demand, the scarcity of water, and the complexity of water allocation, environmental flows have not been considered as an integral part of the water management in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo transboundary basin. The Big Bend reach is located between the cities of Presidio/Ojinaga to Amistad international reservoir, along the main stream (Fig. 1). Important environmental habitats such as the Big Bend National and State Park in the U.S., the Maderas del Carmen, Cañon de Santa Elena and Ocampo natural reserved areas in Mexico are ecologically threatened because of the lack of environmental water management policies. Several efforts have been undertaken by scientists, government agencies and NGOs to determine the environmental flows for this reach and water management policies that can provide these flows. Objective The objective of this research is to describe a water management policy that can conciliate environmental and human water uses in the Big Bend region. In other words, define a policy that can provide environmental flows without harming water supply for stakeholders or increasing flood risk, within legal and physical constraints of the system. Methodology First, the system was characterized identifying water users, hydraulic infrastructure, and water allocation according to state, federal and international regulations. Second, a hydrograph for environmental flows was proposed that mimics the hydrologic characteristics of the prior dam alteration. Third, a water planning model was constructed to evaluate alternative policies. Fourth, the water management is proposed to provide environmental restoration flows from Luis L. Leon reservoir. This policy considers mechanisms that reduce flooding and drought risks, while meting national and international water regulations. Results Three types of natural flow regimes are considered: (1) median flows aimed to provide the base flow in the region, (2) high flows to provide transversal

  16. Gastos com educação: análise da aplicação de recursos pelos municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, no período de 2006 a 2009 = Education expenditure: analysis of the application of funds by the districts of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, in the period 2006 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edimilson Monteiro Batista

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1988 (CF/88 determina que a educação é um direito social, sendo considerado um dos mais importantes, pois encabeça a lista do Art. 6 que diz: “são direitos sociais a educação, a saúde, a alimentação, o trabalho, a moradia, o lazer, a segurança, a previdência social, a proteção à maternidade e à infância, a assistência aos desamparados, na forma desta Constituição”. A pesquisa tem como objetivo geral analisar se os Municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte aplicaram o percentual mínimo exigido pela Constituição Federal nos gastos com educação no período de 2006 a 2009 (25% da receita de impostos e transferências vinculadas. Foi utilizada nesta investigação a pesquisa descritiva, bibliográfica, documental e qualitativa. Os dados foram extraídos do Sistema de Informações sobre Orçamentos Públicos em Educação (SIOPE, do Sistema de Coleta de Dados Contábeis de Estados e Municípios (SISTN e dos sítios dos Municípios. Os resultados revelaram que dos 167 (cento e sessenta e sete Municípios que compõe o Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, 28 (vinte e oito deles não cumpriram em determinado ano o percentual exigido nos gastos com educação e 09 (nove Municípios não informaram os percentuais utilizados em algum ano dos analisados.The Brazilian Federal Republic Constitution of 1988 (CF/88 determines that education is a social right, and is considered one of the most important, because it opens the list of Art. 6, that says: “these are social rights, education, healthcare, food, employment, housing, leisure, safety, social security, motherhood and childhood protection, destitute assistance, in the form of this Constitution”. The research has as a general objective to analyze if the Districts of the State of Rio Grande do Norte have applied the minimum percentage demanded by the Federal Constitution on educational expenditures from 2006 to 2009 (25% of

  17. Doenças neurológicas de ovinos na região central do Rio Grande do Sul Neurological diseases in sheep from central Rio Grande do Sul state, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel R. Rissi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho são descritos aspectos epidemiológicos e clinico-patológicos das principais doenças neurológicas de ovinos diagnosticadas no Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM no período entre 1990 e 2007. A partir de uma busca nos arquivos do LPV-UFSM foram encontrados 586 exames de ovinos correspondentes a necropsias realizadas no laboratório ou a exames de amostras remetidas por veterinários de campo. Sessenta e nove casos experimentais foram excluídos do estudo. Os 517 casos restantes eram compostos de 361 casos (69,8% com diagnóstico conclusivo e 156 casos (30,2% com diagnóstico inconclusivo. Ovinos morreram em decorrência de doença neurológica em 58 casos (16% do grupo com diagnóstico conclusivo. As doenças diagnosticadas mais frequentemente foram cenurose (15 casos ou 25,8%, listeriose (nove casos ou 15,5%, tétano (oito casos ou 13,7%, abscessos vertebrais (quatro casos ou 6,8% e abscessos encefálicos (três casos ou 5,1%. Intoxicação por Erytroxylum argentinum, mielite supurativa pós-caudectomia, meningoencefalite fibrino-supurativa, polioencefalomalacia e raiva (dois casos ou 3,4% cada foram ocasionalmente diagnosticadas. Desmielinização medular, edema da substância branca encefálica, encefalomalacia focal simétrica, hidranencefalia, hipoplasia cerebelar, intoxicação por organofosforado, intoxicação por Solanum pseudocapsicum, mielite fibrino-supurativa e provável intoxicação por closantel (um caso ou 1,7% cada foram raramente observadas.A retrospective study of neurological diseases of sheep in southern Brazil was conducted over an 18-year period (1990-2007. A data base search was carried out in the files of the Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology (LPV of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM, central Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. A total of 586 sheep were examined. These cases corresponded to necropsies performed in the LPV-UFSM or to

  18. 76 FR 22075 - Divide Ranger District, Rio Grande National Forest; CO; Black Mesa Vegetation Management Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... Ranger District, Rio Grande National Forest; CO; Black Mesa Vegetation Management Project AGENCY: Forest... Web site http://www.fs.usda.gov/riogrande under ``Land & Resource Management'', then ``Projects'' on... need for the Black Mesa Vegetation Management Project is move toward achieving long-term desired...

  19. Reproductive aspects of Cyphocharax voga (Hensel from Custódias Lagoon, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Characiformes, Curimatidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Cabral Schifino

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyse the reproductive period, fecundity and the size of the first gonadal maturation of Cyphocharax voga (Hensel, 1869 of Custódias Lagoon, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The specimens (293 males and 247 females were collected monthly, during the period between October 1994 and September 1995. The reproductive period took place from early winter until the end of spring. The average absolute fecundity was 36608 oocytes. The size of the first gonadal maturation was estimated in 121 and 128 mm for males and females respectively.

  20. SELETIVIDADE DE INSETICIDAS A Neoseiulus californicus MCGREGOR (ACARI: PHYTOSEIIDAE EM MACIEIRA, NO RIO GRANDE DO SUL AGROCHEMICAL SELECTIVITY TO Neoseiulus californicus MCGREGOR (ACARI: PHYTOSEIIDAE ON APPLE IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LINO BITTENCOURT MONTEIRO

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Testes para determinar os efeitos de agroquímicos homologados para macieira foram realizados em laboratório sobre Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae. Os indivíduos testados foram coletados de um pomar comercial da Agriflor Ltda, em Vacaria, Rio Grande do Sul, após várias liberações inoculativas. Os inseticidas utilizados foram os tradicionalmente recomendados para o controle de pragas, principalmente mosca-das-frutas Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae. A oviposição e a mortalidade dos ácaros foram avaliadas 12; 24; 48 e 96 horas após a pulverização, cujos produtos foram classificados em quatro classes de toxicidade (IOBC/WPRS. Azinphos ethyl, deltametrina e fenthion provocaram 100% de mortalidade, sendo que dimethoate, fenitrotion, paration, phosmet e triclorfon foram levemente nocivos (classe 2. Malation foi considerado neutro para esta população.The side-effects of agrochemical to Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae were studied in laboratory. The mites were collected in commercial apple orchard of Agropastoril Rincão das Flores, in Vacaria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, after successive inoculative releases. The insecticids used were recommended to control of same pest, as Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae. The reproduction effect and mortality were evalued 12, 24, 48 and 96 hours after pulverization, while the agrochemical were ranked in toxicity classes, according to IOBC/WPRS. Azinphos ethyl, deltametrina e fenthion were harmful with ca. 100% of mortality in 24 hours, dimethoate, fenitrotion, paration, phosmet e triclorfon were slightly harmful (class 2. Malation was harmless.

  1. A new species of Atlantoscia Ferrara & Taiti, 1981 (Oniscidea: Philosciidae from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanklin Soares Campos-Filho

    Full Text Available To date the genus Atlantoscia Ferrara and Taiti, 1981 includes two species, A. floridana (van Name, 1940 and A. rubromarginata Araujo and Leistikow, 1999. The species Atlantoscia petronioi sp.n. is described on the basis of material collected in a coastal dune forest area of the southern Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. This new species is characterized by antenna with accentuate setose sulcus from the peduncle to the distal article of the flagellum, outer endite of maxillula with slender seta among the outer group teeth and accessory tooth, one trifid tooth in the inner group, and male pleopod 1 endopod with distal part pointed and subapically not swollen.

  2. Preferência Floral de Vespas (Hymenoptera, Vespidae no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Somavilla

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available As vespas integram a comunidade de visitantes florais e podem constituir uma parcela representativa dos polinizadores. Por este motivo, objetivou-se conhecer e analisar a preferência floral das espécies de Vespidae, bem como investigar o uso de recursos florais por estas vespas. Foram realizadas coletas entre o período de 2001 a 2008 em diferentes localidades do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Estrela Velha, Santa Cruz do Sul, São Francisco de Paula e Sinimbu, entre 08:00 a 17:00 horas, utilizando redes entomológicas para a captura dos vespídeos visitando flores. Os espécimes coletados foram depositados na Coleção Entomológica de Santa Cruz do Sul (CESC. Coletou-se 1.483 indivíduos alocados em 73 espécies de vespas, sendo que 78,9% são Polistinae (30 espécies e 21,1% Eumeninae (43 espécies, visitando as flores de 33 espécies de plantas classificadas em 16 famílias botânicas; as famílias com maior número de espécies vegetais foram Asteraceae (12, Fabaceae (4 e Apiaceae (3. A planta com o maior número de vespídeos coletados foi Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (616, seguida por Eryngium pandanifolium L. (137 e Eryngium horridum Spreng (122. A análise da sobreposição de nicho trófico de 26 espécies que visitaram quatro ou mais floração, mostrou que a sobreposição foi igual ou maior que 50% em apenas seis casos.Floral Preferences of Wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae in the Rio Grande do Sul State, BrazilAbstract Wasps integrate the floral visitors’ community and they can constitute a representative portion of the pollinators. For this reason, it was aimed to know and to analyze the floral preference of the Vespidae species and to investigate the use of floral resources for these wasps. The collects were performed between 2001 and 2008 in different localities of Rio Grande do Sul state (Estrela Velha, Santa Cruz do Sul, São Francisco de Paula e Sinimbu between 08:00 at 17:00 hours, utilizing entomological nets to catch the

  3. THE DIFFERENTS FACES OF TRUST IN THE TOBACCO PRODUCTION IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRAZIL: RELATIONS BETWEEN FARMERS AND THE FIELD TECHNICIANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlise Schneider Rudnicki

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In region of Vale do Rio Pardo, situated in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, the production of tobacco is an important source of income, especially for family farmers. The discussion around tobacco production in the academic researches and society’s debate involves: the problems that smoking causes in human health and the same time, the role of farmers have been developed in the productive chain. In view of this, the aim of this article was to understand the trust relation between farms and the field technicians in the Vale do Rio Pardo region and the south side area of the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. 142 interviews have been accomplished with families that are producing tobacco, using a semi-structured form (qualitative and quantitative questions. The Likert scale, field diaries and observations were used as search tools. When farmers have been questioned about trust in agricultural technicians (using Likert scale, the answers were similar in the three cities: the southern Rio Grande do Sul, in Dom Feliciano, confidence is 69.7%; in the Vale do Rio Pardo, Rio Pardo and Santa Cruz do Sul, respectively, confidence is 63.3% and 64.6%, according to levels between “agree” and “disagree totally”. Besides, in this context, there is direct relation between trust in the field technicians and integration of tobacco. The informal relation between farms and the field technicians has been changed by formal contracts. Nevertheless, informality was relevant, specifically because it may help to understand how the trust emerges in friendships and family relations.

  4. Investigação do método de desenvolvimento de calçados no pólo calçadista do Vale do Rio dos Sinos e Paranhana, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Ronise Ferreira dos Santos

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo desta dissertação foi investigar o método de desenvolvimento de calçados utilizado por profissionais atuantes no Pólo calçadista do Vale do Rio dos Sinos e Paranhana, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. O grupo amostrado foi composto por 31 profissionais independentes que atuam para diversas empresas de pequeno, médio e grande porte da região e pelos 11 profissionais do grupo de desenvolvimento de produto de uma empresa de grande porte situada no Pólo. Os dados levantados com a ferrame...

  5. Levantamento etnobotânico de espécies arbóreas no assentamento Tabuleiro Grande, Apodi, Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Costa Cordeiro

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se realizar um levantamento etnobotânico no Projeto de Assentamento Tabuleiro Grande, localizado em Apodi, Rio Grande do Norte, contribuindo para o resgate do conhecimento popular discutindo as implicações do uso da vegetação arbórea na conservação dos recursos florestais. A condução do estudo foi por meio da observação direta e entrevistas semiestruturadas (21 entrevistas. Para análise dos dados foram feitas abordagens qualitativas (acesso a informações subjetivas e quantitativas (Valor de Uso; índices de diversidade de Shannon e de equabilidade de Pielou. Foram mencionadas no levantamento 57 espécies arbóreas, entre nativas e exóticas, distribuídas em 26 famílias e enquadradas nas seguintes categorias de uso: Madeira (móveis e construção, Medicina/Higiene, Apicultura, Lenha, Veterinária Popular, Forragem, Alimentação Humana e Outros. Com os resultados obtidos, conclui-se que a comunidade estudada possui conhecimento sobre um grande número de espécies arbóreas. No entanto, no que diz respeito a “uso”, poucas espécies são, de fato, utilizadas. De forma geral, o conhecimento popular na comunidade está mantido com uma pequena parcela dos entrevistados e não é repassado, tendendo a tornar-se cada vez mais escasso.Ethnobotanical survey of tree species in the Tabuleiro Grande settlement, Apodi, Rio Grande do NorteAbstract: The aim this study was to realize ethnobotanical survey in Settlement Tabuleiro Grande Project, located in Apodi - RN, to contribute to the rescue of popular knowledge and discuss the implications of the use of trees in the conservation of forest resources. The conduct of the study was through direct observation and semi-structured interviews (21 interviews. Data analysis were made qualitative approaches (access to subjective information and quantitative (use value -VU, Shannon diversity and Pielou evenness indexes. Were mentioned in the survey 57 tree species native and exotic

  6. Componentes do rendimento de mamona segundo a ordem floral e época de semeadura no Rio Grande do Sul Castor yield components according to floral order and sowing season in the Rio Grande do Sul State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacson Zuchi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Diversos fatores, como a época de semeadura, afetam a produtividade e a qualidade das sementes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar quatro componentes do rendimento de mamona em função da época de semeadura e da ordem floral na Embrapa Clima Temperado em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul em solo tipo Argissolo Amarelo na latitude de 31º40'53,6" S, longitude de 52º26'23,5" W e altitude de 67,10 metros. O número de cachos emitidos, produtividade de sementes, percentagem de casca e peso de mil sementes foram avaliados para as cultivares Al Guarany 2002, IAC 80, IAC 226 e BRS 188 Paraguaçu. A maior emissão de cachos de mamona não implica, necessariamente, em maior produtividade de sementes, a qual variou entre época de semeadura e ordem floral.Several factors, including sowing time, can affect the productivity and the quality of seeds. The objective of this work was to evaluate four components of the castor oil plant production as function of the sowing time and of the floral order in the "Embrapa Clima Temperado" in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil in yellow clay soil type at the latitude of 31º40'53.6" S, longitude of 52º26'23.5" W and altitude of 67.10 meters. The number of bunches emitted, productivity of seeds, peel percentage and weight of a thousand seeds were evaluated for the cultivars Al Guarany 2002, IAC 80, IAC 226 and BRS 188 Paraguaçu. The largest emission of bunches on castor oil plant does not lead, necessarily, to higher productivity of seeds, which varied between sowing time and floral order.

  7. Characterization of Enzymatic profiles of Aedes aegypti strains from the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renan Flávio de França Nunes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study was conducted in four strains of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes to evaluate the enzymatic activity profiles in the city of Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, and correlate them with biochemical mechanisms of resistance to insecticides. Mosquitos were used to quantify the following detoxification enzymes: Mixed-Function Oxidase (MFO, PNPA-esterase (PNPA-EST, and Acetylcholinesterase (AChE. The profiles were compared statistically with profiles from the Rockefeller strain, through the Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's multiple comparisons (p 15% and 50%. The statistical analysis revealed significant differences in the MFO and AChE profiles, which are fundamental in the determination of profiles of resistance to insecticides. Three populations were classified as “Substantially changed” for MFO. The altered enzymatic activity showed that the changes could have an important role in exposing resistance to insecticides.

  8. Evaluation of Pregnant and Postpartum Women's Knowledge about Toxoplasmosis in Rio Grande - RS, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Lis Maurente; Santos, Paula Costa; Scaini, Carlos James

    2016-11-01

    Introduction  Toxoplasmosis a parasitic zoonosis of global distribution, responsible for disorders during gestation can cause fetal death or congenital anomalies. Objective  To evaluate the knowledge of toxoplasmosis among pregnant and postpartum women treated at the University Hospital of the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods  This was a cross-sectional study of 100 pregnant and postpartum women at the University Hospital. Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire and gave consent for data relating to serological examinations to be abstracted from their medical records. Results  The proportion of women who received information about toxoplasmosis was higher among those who received care in the private health care system (52.9%) than among those cared for in the public health care system (25.0%). Only 55.7% of women reported having some knowledge about toxoplasmosis. Of these, 53.7% received information during the prenatal period. However, most participants were unable to answer questions about preventive measures and modes of infection. Of the 100 patients in the study, only 46 underwent serologic testing for toxoplasmosis, 65.2% of whom tested negative (IgG). Conclusion  Findings from this study are relevant to the training of health professionals regarding toxoplasmosis education and prevention. Improved education for health care providers and patients can lead to earlier diagnoses and reductions in adverse outcomes. Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

  9. Electromagnetic surveys to detect clay-rich sediment in the Rio Grande inner valley, Albuquerque area, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolino, James R.; Sterling, Joseph M.

    2000-01-01

    Information on the presence of clay-rich layers in the inner-valley alluvium is essential for quantifying the amount of water transmitted between the Rio Grande and the Santa Fe Group aquifer system. This report describes a study that used electromagnetic surveys to provide this information. In the first phase of the study, electromagnetic soundings were made using time-domain and frequency-domain electro- magnetic methods. On the basis of these initial results, the time- domain method was judged ineffective because of cultural noise in the study area, so subsequent surveys were made using the frequency-domain method. For the second phase of the study, 31 frequency-domain electromagnetic surveys were conducted along the inner valley and parallel to the Rio Grande in the Albuquerque area in the spring and summer of 1997 to determine the presence of hydrologically significant clay-rich layers buried in the inner-valley alluvium. For this report, the 31 survey sections were combined into 10 composite sections for ease of interpretation. Terrain-conductivity data from the surveys were modeled using interpretation software to produce geoelectric cross sections along the survey lines. This modeling used lithologic logs from two wells installed near the survey lines: the Bosque South and Rio Bravo 5 wells. Because of cultural interference, location of the wells and soundings, complex stratigraphy, and difficulty interpreting lithology, such interpretation was inconclusive. Instead, a decision process based on modeling results was developed using vertical and horizontal dipole 40-meter intercoil spacing terrain-conductivity values. Values larger than or equal to 20 millisiemens per meter were interpreted to contain a hydrologically significant thickness of clay-rich sediment. Thus, clay-rich sediment was interpreted to underlie seven segments of the 10 composited survey lines, totaling at least 2,660 meters of the Rio Grande inner valley. The longest of these clay

  10. Mobilidade do ametryn em solos da região semiárida do Rio Grande do Norte Ametryn mobility in soils of Rio Grande do Norte semiarid region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.C.L. Freitas

    2012-09-01

    profundidade. O método do bioensaio com pepino como planta indicadora pode ser utilizado em estudos de lixiviação desse herbicida, em substituição ao método cromatográfico.This work aimed to evaluate ametryn mobility in four types of soils, three from the semiarid region of the state of Rio Grande do Norte (Cambisol ; Fluvic Neosol; Latosolic Dystrophic Red-Yellow Argisol and one from the state of Minas Gerais (Red-Yellow Latosol. Ametryn mobility was evaluated using PVC columns of 10 cm in diameter and 50 cm long. The experiment was conducted in a split-plot in a completely randomized design with four replications. The plots were composed by the columns, filled with the four types of soils and the subplots by 10 depths at intervals of 5 cm (0-5, 5-10, 10-15, 15-20, 20-25, 25-30 , 30-35, 35-40, 40-45 and 45-50 cm. Ametryn was applied on top of the columns (4 kg ha-1 and, 12 hours later, rainfall was simulated at the intensity of 60 mm. After 72 hours of simulated rain, the columns were placed in a horizontal position and opened longitudinally, divided into sections of 5.0 cm. At the center of each section, soil samples were collected for subsequent herbicide extraction and quantification through analysis by liquid chromatography (HPLC. Five seeds of cucumber (Cucumis sativus were sown as bio-indicators of the presence of the herbicide. Ametryn mobility at the columns was influenced by the physical and chemical characteristics of the soil,(soil texture, organic matter, and pH. The Rio Grande do Norte semiarid region soils had higher ametryn mobility potential, being detected at up to 25, 20, and 15 cm depth in Latosolic Dystrophic Red- Yellow Argisol, Cambisol, and Fluvic Neosol, respectively. Ametryn mobility was restricted to 5 cm depth in the Red Yellow Latosol, with higher organic matter content and pH 4.7. The bioassay method was more efficient to confirm ametryn leaching than liquid chromatography.

  11. Physicochemical aspects and sensory profile of stingless bee honeys from Seridó region, State of Rio Grande do Norte, BrazilAspectos físico-químicos e perfil sensorial de méis de abelhas sem ferrão da região do Seridó, Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína Maria Batista Sousa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Stingless bee honey is a highly valued product of the Seridó region, state of Rio Grande do Norte due to its specific sensory and nutritional characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and sensory profile of stingless bee honeys produced in the Seridó region, state of Rio Grande do Norte. Twenty-nine honey samples from the following stingless bees were analyzed: M. subnitida D., Frieseomellita doederleini F., Melipona scutellaris L., Frieseomellita flavicornis, Scaptotrigrona SP, Nannotrigona testaceicornis L., Melipona compressipes fasciculada S., Melipona quadrifasciata Lep, Melipona quinquefasciata, M. scutellaris L. and Partamona helleri F. The composition considering moisture, total sugars, reducing sugars, apparent sucrose, protein, vitamin C, and ash, and the total acidity, pH, and color were evaluated. A sensory profile, considering the aroma, color, viscosity, flavor, acidity attributes and general acceptability, and the acceptability, regarding aroma, color and flavor, were also analyzed. The honeys were different (p O mel de abelhas sem ferrão é um produto bastante valorizado na região do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte, em função de suas características nutritivas e sensoriais específicas. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os aspectos físico-químicos e perfil sensorial de méis de abelhas sem ferrão produzidos na região do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte. Foram analisadas 29 amostras de mel das seguintes abelhas sem ferrão: M. subnitida D., Frieseomellita doederleini F., Melipona scutellaris L., Frieseomellita flavicornis, Scaptotrigrona SP, Nannotrigona testaceicornis L., Melipona compressipes fasciculada S., Melipona quadrifasciata Lep, Melipona quinquefasciata, M. scutellaris L. e Partamona helleri F. Os aspectos físico-químicos analisados foram: umidade, açúcares totais, açucares redutores, sacarose aparente, cinzas, acidez total, pH, proteína, vitamina C e cor

  12. Aproveitamento de Água de Chuva em unidades Educacionais do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Xaila Sant Anna Amaral; Ceres Virgínia da Costa Dantas; Carlos Antonio Lira Felipe Neto; Cícero Onofre de Andrade Neto; André Luís Calado Araújo

    2017-01-01

    Com este estudo objetivou-se avaliar os sistemas de aproveitamento de água de chuva em unidades educacionais do Rio Grande do Norte. Inicialmente, foi realizado um levantamento de informações sobre os sistemas de aproveitamento de água de chuva dos campi do IFRN. Em seguida, os campi foram visitados para validação das informações colhidas e verificação de outros elementos pertinentes (áreas da superfície de captação, tipos e volumes de reservatórios, estado físico das instalações, condições o...

  13. Estimation of water retention and availability in soils of Rio Grande do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Reichert,José Miguel; Albuquerque,Jackson Adriano; Kaiser,Douglas Rodrigo; Reinert,Dalvan José; Urach,Felipe Lavarda; Carlesso,Reimar

    2009-01-01

    Dispersed information on water retention and availability in soils may be compiled in databases to generate pedotransfer functions. The objectives of this study were: to generate pedotransfer functions to estimate soil water retention based on easily measurable soil properties; to evaluate the efficiency of existing pedotransfer functions for different geographical regions for the estimation of water retention in soils of Rio Grande do Sul (RS); and to estimate plant-available water capacity ...

  14. Qualidade dos ensaios de competição de cultivares de milho no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Quality of cultivar competition experiments with corn in the State of Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Giffoni Marques

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estimar a proporção de ensaios com significância para efeito de blocos, cultivares e do atendimento às pressuposições de normalidade e aleatoriedade do erro, homogeneidade das variâncias do erro entre cultivares e a aditividade do modelo necessárias para os testes de hipótese. Também foi objetivo a quantificação do efeito do não atendimento das pressuposições sobre a diferença mínima significativa (DMS, obtida pelo teste de Tukey em nível de 5% de probabilidade. Foram analisados 307 ensaios da rede estadual de competição de cultivares de milho do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul no período de 1993 e 1996. Dos ensaios de competição de cultivares de milho, 85,67% apresentaram efeito significativo para cultivares e, nestes, a média da DMS era igual a 30,28%. O não atendimento às pressuposições para os testes de hipótese ocorreu em baixa freqüência e aumentou a DMS. A falta de aditividade no modelo ocorreu em 8,75% dos ensaios e não modificou a DMS, sendo a transformação indicada ineficiente para a redução da DMS. A causa da falta de aleatoriedade dos erros em 9,88% dos ensaios foi a variabilidade entre as unidades experimentais e/ou o bloqueamento em posição inadequada à variabilidade espacial da fertilidade no local do ensaio.This study aimed to quantify the proportion of experiments with statistical difference for blocks, cultivar and the F test assumption (additivity, normal distribution, random error, and error variance homogeneity among cultivars observance. Also, the effects on the least significant difference (LSD based on Tukey test (P=0.05 were quantified when some assumption was not observed. The statistical analysis was based upon 307 sets of experimental cultivar competition data carried out from 1993 to 1996 in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Among the experiments with significant differences in treatments (cultivars, 85.67% had an average LSD equal to 30.28%. Low

  15. Using Temperature Forecasts to Improve Seasonal Streamflow Forecasts in the Colorado and Rio Grande Basins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehner, F.; Wood, A.; Llewellyn, D.; Blatchford, D. B.; Goodbody, A. G.; Pappenberger, F.

    2017-12-01

    Recent studies have documented the influence of increasing temperature on streamflow across the American West, including snow-melt driven rivers such as the Colorado or Rio Grande. At the same time, some basins are reporting decreasing skill in seasonal streamflow forecasts, termed water supply forecasts (WSFs), over the recent decade. While the skill in seasonal precipitation forecasts from dynamical models remains low, their skill in predicting seasonal temperature variations could potentially be harvested for WSFs to account for non-stationarity in regional temperatures. Here, we investigate whether WSF skill can be improved by incorporating seasonal temperature forecasts from dynamical forecasting models (from the North American Multi Model Ensemble and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast System 4) into traditional statistical forecast models. We find improved streamflow forecast skill relative to traditional WSF approaches in a majority of headwater locations in the Colorado and Rio Grande basins. Incorporation of temperature into WSFs thus provides a promising avenue to increase the robustness of current forecasting techniques in the face of continued regional warming.

  16. Sensibilidade e resistência de amostras de Salmonella Typhimurium isoladas de suínos abatidos no Rio Grande do Sul/Brasil frente aos desinfetantes químicos quaternário de amônio e iodofor Sensitivity and resistance of samples of Salmonella Typhimurium isolated in slaughter swines in the state Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil, front to disinfectants quaternary ammonium and iodophor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Martins Borowsky

    2006-10-01

    of 96 Salmonella Typhimurium strains isolated from slaughter pigs in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The isolates were tested against quaternary ammonium and iodophor, which represent two commercial disinfectants commonly used in animal production. The tested disinfectants were used in the concentration recommended by the fabricant and in a sub-concentration in order to simulate a possible field situation. Dilution suspension tests were conducted, observing the inactivation of each S.Typhimurium isolate after 5, 15, 30 and 60 minutes of contact with each compound. All tested isolates were inactivated by the quaternary ammonium compound in both concentrations. Four isolates revealed resistant to iodophor in the recommended concentration and 59 isolates when a sub-concentration was tested. The testing of resistance against disinfectants in microorganisms present on farm and in food processing plants might be an important step on monitoring the effectiveness of adopted disinfections protocols.

  17. Water Footprint of pigs slaughtered in the northeast region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vania Elisabete Schneider

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study estimated the water footprint of pigs slaughtered in the municipalities that participate in the Regional Council for the Development of Serra (Corede Serra, in Portuguese, located in the northeast region of Rio Grande do Sul State, in 2014. In order to determine the water footprint, we estimated the water consumed in the production of grains (corn and soybeans used for animal feed, the water used for livestock watering, the water used for cleaning creation areas and the water consumed by animals during the growing and finishing phases. The total water footprint of slaughtered pigs was 0.19825 km3, the largest component of which was water used for the cultivation of grains (99.6%. The municipality of Nova Prata had the largest water footprint of Corede Serra (0.02343 km3 year1, followed by the municipalities of Paraí (0.02187 km3 year-1 and Serafina Corrêa (0.01658 km3 year-1. The municipalities of São Marcos (0.000006 km3 year-1, Bento Gonçalves (0,00002 km3 year-1 and Boa Vista do Sul (0.0004 km3 year-1 had the lowest water footprints, due to low corn productivity associated with the low number of hogs slaughtered. From this assessment, it was found that the management of water resources associated with pig chain production should include water used in the production of feed grain as well as the water used directly in animal husbandry.

  18. Sintomas de Bournout e fatores associados : avaliação dos anestologistas do Rio Grande do Sul em 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Freire, Patrícia Larrosa

    2012-01-01

    Burnout é caracterizada por exaustão emocional, despersonalização e baixa realização profissional, decorrente do estresse crônico no trabalho. Considerando ser a Anestesiologia uma profissão de muito estresse e haver poucas pesquisas sobre o assunto, este estudo avaliou toda a população de anestesiologistas do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul em 2012, através de um questionário anônimo, que inclui Maslach Burnout Inventário (burnout), Inventário de Depressão de Beck (depressão), Escala Rosemberg (...

  19. Gastrointestinal parasites of sheep, municipality of Lajes, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Souza,Maria de Fátima de; Pimentel-Neto,Manoel; Silva,Rízia Maria da; Farias,Albeísa Cleyse Batista; Guimarães,Marcos Pezzi

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the gastrointestinal parasitism by helminths and protozoa in sheep (Ovis aries) Santa Inês breed, municipality of Lajes, Rio Grande do Norte. Monthly, from April 2005 to August 2007, stool samples were collected from two tracer lambs in the first day of the experiment and performed a necropsy of these animals in 44th day. A total of 64 lambs were sampled, but only 62 lambs were slaughtered. The fecal samples were examined by sedimentation in water. The contents of the ...

  20. Controle de mosquitos com base em larvicidas no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: a escolha do agente de controle Mosquito control based on larvicides in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: choice of the control agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio L. Ruas-Neto

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Desenvolveu-se neste estudo uma comparação entre larvicidas químicos e biológicos usados em programas de controle de mosquitos no Rio Grande do Sul. Em bioensaios de laboratório contra Culex quinquefasciatus constatou-se que as formulações biológicas líquidas Vectobac 12 AS e Teknar 3000 (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, ABG 6262 líquido e em pó (B. sphaericus 2362, foram altamente eficazes. Também as formulações experimentais de B. thuringiensis israelensis produzidas em laboratórios brasileiros foram consideradas adequadas. Entre as formulações químicas, os compostos piretróides Pirisa e K-Othrine produziram resultados melhores do que os organo-fosforados Lebaycid e Abate. Estes últimos produziram respostas dez vezes mais fracas do que o previsto em outros estudos. Em condições de campo, a dose de 1250 mg/m² para as formulações biológicas foi considerada adequada para a rotina das aplicações, porque permite superar as influências físicas do meio sobre os resultados. Somente as formulações de B. sphaericus produziram interrupções nas reinfestações dos focos de culicídeos observados. Períodos de até 39 semanas sem reinfestações foram observados em focos naturais e de um mês sem sobrevivência foi observado em tanques, onde procedia-se a reinfestação artificial. Este estudo sugere que as alternativas biológicas devem ser consideradas em programas de controle de mosquitos. Elas podem superar os problemas de resistência e eliminação, bem como da ausência de efeito residual nas aplicações de larvicidas.A comparison between chemical and biological larvicides in routine operations against mosquitoes in Rio Grande do Sul State was carried out in this study. In laboratory bioassays against Culex quinquefasciatus, biological formulations Vectobac 12 AS and Teknar 3000 (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis as well as ABG 6262 (B. sphaericus 2362, both in liquid and powder form, were highly effective

  1. Groundwater hydrology and estimation of horizontal groundwater flux from the Rio Grande at selected locations in Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2003-9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Dale R.; McCoy, Kurt J.; More, Geoff J.M.; Worthington, Jeffrey A.; Bandy-Baldwin, Kimberly M.

    2013-01-01

    The Albuquerque, New Mexico, area has two principal sources of water: groundwater from the Santa Fe Group aquifer system and surface water from the San Juan-Chama Diversion Project. From 1960 to 2002, groundwater withdrawals from the Santa Fe Group aquifer system have caused water levels to decline more than 120 feet in some places within the Albuquerque area, resulting in a great deal of interest in quantifying the river-aquifer interaction associated with the Rio Grande. In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Middle Rio Grande Endangered Species Collaborative Program, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began a detailed characterization of the hydrogeology of the Rio Grande riparian corridor in the Albuquerque, New Mexico, area to provide hydrologic data and enhance the understanding of rates of water leakage from the Rio Grande to the alluvial aquifer, groundwater flow through the aquifer, and discharge of water from the aquifer to the riverside drains. A simple conceptual model of flow indicates that the groundwater table gently slopes from the Rio Grande towards riverside drains and the outer boundaries of the inner valley. Water infiltrating from the Rio Grande initially moves vertically below the river, but, as flow spreads farther into the Rio Grande inner valley alluvial aquifer, flow becomes primarily horizontal. The slope of the water-table surface may be strongly controlled by the riverside drains and influenced by other more distal hydrologic boundary conditions, such as groundwater withdrawals by wells. Results from 35 slug tests performed in the Rio Grande inner valley alluvial aquifer during January and February 2009 indicate that hydraulic-conductivity values ranged from 5 feet per day to 160 feet per day with a median hydraulic-conductivity for all transects of 40 feet per day. Median annual horizontal hydraulic gradients in the Rio Grande inner valley alluvial aquifer ranged from 0.011 to 0

  2. A transação como fator estruturante da cadeia de suprimento do biodiesel no Rio Grande do Sul [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20121102002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoela Silveira Santos

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a influência das transações que ocorrem entre os membros de cadeias de suprimento de biodiesel no Rio Grande do Sul sobre as estruturas destas. Foi realizado um estudo de casos múltiplos em duas das sete cadeias de suprimento de biodiesel localizadas no estado. Para a coleta de dados foram utilizadas diferentes fontes de evidência: revisão bibliográfica, conversas informais com os atores das cadeias, participação em reuniões juntamente com alguns representantes dos elos das cadeias; relatórios do governo; entrevistas não-estruturadas com representantes dos grupos de fornecimento, de consumo e alguns membros de suporte da cadeia e entrevistas semi-estruturadas com representantes das usinas produtores de biodiesel. Observou-se que os atributos da transação e os pressupostos comportamentais impactaram na estrutura da Cadeia de Suprimento do Biodiesel localizadas no Rio Grande do Sul, algumas das descobertas relevantes são: a presença de oportunismo e incertezas nas transações entre os produtores familiares e usinas, a falta de fidelidade nas relações entre produtores familiares/cooperativas, produtores familiares/usinas e cooperativas/usinas faz com que as usinas tenham muitas trocas de fornecedores de grãos, e a redução do oportunismo e incerteza a partir de uma maior frequência das transações e dos contratos assinados sob o Selo Combustível Social.   Palavras-chave Biodiesel, Cadeia de Suprimento, Rio Grande do Sul, Programa Nacional de Produção e Uso do Biodiesel (PNPB, Transação.     TRANSACTION AS A STRUCTURING FACTOR OF BIODIESEL SUPPLY CHAIN IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL   ABSTRACT The present article intend to analyze the transaction influence that occur between members of biodiesel supply chain in Rio Grande do Sul on these structure. A multiple cases study was performed in two of the six biodiesel supply chain localized in Rio Grande do Sul, for date collection were used different

  3. Relação entre as anomalias de TSM e qualidade potencial da uva na região nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Gruppelli,Juliano Lisbôa; Marques,Julio Renato; Diniz,Gilberto Barbosa

    2008-01-01

    Uma das culturas de grande importância para a economia do Rio Grande do Sul é a videira. Embora as produções de vinho, suco de uva e demais derivados da uva e do vinho também ocorreram em outras regiões, a maior concentração encontra-se na região nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul. Um dos principais fatores que influenciam na qualidade potencial da uva é a precipitação. Para a videira, influem não somente a quantidade total de chuvas, mas também sua distribuição ao longo do ciclo vegetativo. Por e...

  4. Estrutura da comunidade de invertebrados bentônicos em dois cursos d'água do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Community structure of benthic invertebrates in two watercourses in Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra A. P. Bueno

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The benthic fauna has an important role in the trophic chain of limnic environments, serving as food for fishes and crustaceans. This work aimed to identify and compare, quantitative and qualitatively, the macrobenthic communities from two watercourses in Rio Grande do Sul State. Samplings were done with a Surber sampler, monthly, from September 1999 to August 2000, in one of the creeks forming Tainhas River(29º15'30,2"S, 50º13'12,5"W, around São Francisco de Paula city and in Mineiro Creek (29º30'0,2"S, 50º46'50"W, around Taquara city. At each sampling point, physical and chemical variables of the waters were registered. In the laboratory, the samples were sorted out and the animals identified and quantified. Dissolved oxigen, pH and stream speed were very similar for both environments, whilst conductivity had extreme values. Insects, crustaceans, acari and molluscs dominated in the samples. Abundance, richness and diversity indexes in Tainhas subsidiary had relatively higher average values than Mineiro Creek. Similarity matrix groupings between sampling units indicate three groups. Our research revealed important characteristics of the ecology and distribution of benthic invertebrates, information that can subsidise future environmental monitoring in the region of São Francisco de Paula and Taquara.

  5. The first report of the main vector of visceral leishmaniasis in America, Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Getúlio Dornelles; Santos, Edmilson dos; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando

    2009-12-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a widespread zoonosis in Brazil and, up to now, there has been no record of the main vector of its agent, Lutzomyia longipalpis, in the Southern Region. Due to the diagnosis of VL in a dog in October 2008 in the city of São Borja, in the southernmost Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, a collection of phlebotomines was undertaken to detect the presence of the vector Lu. longipalpis. The captures were carried out with CDC light traps on three consecutive nights in 2008. A total of 39 specimens of Lu. longipalpis were captured, thereby increasing the knowledge of the geographical distribution of this important vector.

  6. Capital Humano e Desenvolvimento Econômico no Rio Grande do Sul: Uma Abordagem Multivariada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Luiz Costa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an analysis from the theories linking human capital to economic development process. The method used consists of multivariate statistical techniques, particularly the Exploratory Factor Analysis and Conglomerates Analysis. Statistics were selected from 496 municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil according to their capacity to represents the dynamics of income concentration, quality of education and health, poverty, education and formal work. Among the results, there is a positive and direct association between levels of formal education and economic development, which validates the theoretical contributions of Theodore William Schultz and other authors that stem from their lineage. The results point to the importance of breaking the current paradigms and think education policy beyond the rhetoric of official speeches and overcome the current challenges.

  7. Capital Humano e Desenvolvimento Econômico no Rio Grande do Sul. Uma Abordagem Multivariada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Luiz Costa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an analysis from the theories linking human capital to economic development process. The method used consists of multivariate statistical techniques, particularly the Exploratory Factor Analysis and Conglomerates Analysis. Statistics were selected from 496 municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil according to their capacity to represents the dynamics of income concentration, quality of education and health, poverty, education and formal work. Among the results, there is a positive and direct association between levels of formal education and economic develop- ment, which validates the theoretical contributions of Theodore William Schultz and other authors that stem from their lineage. The results point to the importance of breaking the current paradigms and think education policy beyond the rhetoric of official speeches and overcome the current challenges.

  8. Factors and motivations of decision making process of the bio diesel productive chain in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Fatores e motivacoes do processo de tomada de decisao da cadeia produtiva do biodiesel no Rio Grande do Sul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rathmann, Regis; Santos, Omar Inacio Benedetti [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Planejamento Energetico], e-mail: rathamnn@ppe.ufrj.br, e-mail: omarbenedetti@ppe.ufrj.br

    2008-07-01

    This article identifies, characterizes an analyses the factors, motivations and criteria which are been considered in the decision making process of the actors belonging to the bio diesel production chain at the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and verifies the existence of alignment in the decision processes.

  9. Public health agendas addressing violence against rural women - an analysis of local level health services in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Marta Cocco; Lopes, Marta Julia Marques; Soares, Joannie dos Santos Fachinelli

    2015-05-01

    This study analyses health managers' perceptions of local public health agendas addressing violence against rural women in municipalities in the southern part of the State Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. It consists of an exploratory descriptive study utilizing a qualitative approach. Municipal health managers responsible for planning actions directed at women's health and primary health care were interviewed. The analysis sought to explore elements of programmatic vulnerability related to violence in the interviewees' narratives based on the following dimensions of programmatic vulnerability: expression of commitment, transformation of commitment into action, and planning and coordination. It was found that local health agendas directed at violence against rural women do not exist. Health managers are therefore faced with the challenge of defining lines of action in accordance with the guidelines and principles of the SUS. The repercussions of this situation are expressed in fragile comprehensive services for these women and programmatic vulnerability.

  10. The role of feedback mechanisms in historic channel changes of the lower Rio Grande in the Big Bend region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, David J.; Schmidt, John C.

    2011-03-01

    Over the last century, large-scale water development of the upper Rio Grande in the U.S. and Mexico, and of the Rio Conchos in Mexico, has resulted in progressive channel narrowing of the lower Rio Grande in the Big Bend region. We used methods operating at multiple spatial and temporal scales to analyze the rate, magnitude, and processes responsible for channel narrowing. These methods included: hydrologic analysis of historic stream gage data, analysis of notes of measured discharges, historic oblique and aerial photograph analysis, and stratigraphic and dendrogeomorphic analysis of inset floodplain deposits. Our analyses indicate that frequent large floods between 1900 and the mid-1940s acted as a negative feedback mechanism and maintained a wide, sandy, multi-threaded river. Declines in mean and peak flow in the mid-1940s resulted in progressive channel narrowing. Channel narrowing has been temporarily interrupted by occasional large floods that widened the channel, however, channel narrowing has always resumed. After large floods in 1990 and 1991, the active channel width of the lower Rio Grande has narrowed by 36-52%. Narrowing has occurred by the vertical accretion of fine-grained deposits on top of sand and gravel bars, inset within natural levees. Channel narrowing by vertical accretion occurred simultaneously with a rapid invasion of non-native riparian vegetation ( Tamarix spp., Arundo donax) which created a positive feedback and exacerbated the processes of channel narrowing and vertical accretion. In two floodplain trenches, we measured 2.75 and 3.5 m of vertical accretion between 1993 and 2008. In some localities, nearly 90% of bare, active channel bars were converted to vegetated floodplain during the same period. Upward shifts of stage-discharge relations occurred resulting in over-bank flooding at lower discharges, and continued vertical accretion despite a progressive reduction in stream flow. Thus, although the magnitude of the average annual

  11. Incidência de mortalidade por câncer no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Cancer: incidente and mortality in Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio Borges Barcelos

    1983-10-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se estudo dos casos e óbitos de câncer notificados à Unidade de Informática da Secretaria da Saúde e do Meio Ambiente do do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil no ano de 1979. A distribuição etária da morbimortalidade apresentou tendência, acentuadamente crescente com a idade. No sexo masculino, as localizações anatômicas de maior mortalidade, em ordem decrescente, foram: traquéia, brônquios e pulmão; estômago; esôfago; próstata e leucemias. Na incidência repetiram-se as mesmas localizações com introdução da pele em segundo lugar e saída das leucemias. No sexo feminino, mama; estômago; útero, outras localizações especificadas e as não especificadas; traquéia, brônquios e pulmão; e colo do útero, foram as cinco primeiras localizações de maior mortalidade. As neoplasias malignas da mama foram as que apresentaram maior incidência. Seguiram-se as neoplasias malignas da pele, do colo do útero, das outras localizações especificadas e as não especificadas do útero e do estômago. A distribuição geográfica mostrou uma morbimortalidade maior na 1ª, 3ª, 7ª, 10ª e 13ª Delegacia Regional de Saúde, em regiões caracterizadas ou por um elevado índice de industrialização ou pela existência de grandes propriedades rurais onde é praticada a pecuária extensiva. Uma vez feita a padronização, as neoplasias malignas de esôfago e laringe, apresentaram-se com coeficientes elevados, superando, no caso do esôfago, os coeficientes de outros países.A study of the incidence of, and deaths from, cancer as reported to the Welfare Ministry of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 1979, is presented. The distribution of morbimortality showed an accentuated increase with age. In males the anatomic sites associated with higher mortality were (in decreasing order: trachea, bronchi and lungs, stomach, esophagus, prostate and leukemias. In incidence related to the same sites, however, skin cancer moved into second place and

  12. The participation of indigenous peoples and other stake holders in the Yacuiba Rio Grande pipeline reforestation project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zuleta, Edgar A. [TRANSIERRA S.A., Santa Cruz (Bolivia)

    2005-07-01

    The Yacuiba - Rio Grande Pipeline (GASYRG), located in the southern part of Bolivia, is a 432 km, 32 inches pipeline. Its ROW layout goes through three states, 6 municipalities and eight recognized Indigenous Peoples Territories. Seven of these territories belong to the Guarani people and one to the Weenhayek. An extensive Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was conducted prior to the construction period. The EIA included a Public Consultation and Disclosure processes. One of the key requests from every town, municipality or indigenous communities was to have as many job opportunities as possible. An other concern was regarding the application of an environmental management plan for their territories, being the reforestation a great concern. (author)

  13. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO DA IMPLANTAÇÃO DE SISTEMA DE GESTÃO AMBIENTAL NA RIO GRANDE ENERGIA S/A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Naime

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta a estruturação do Sistema de Gestão Ambiental segundo as orientações da norma NBR ISO 14.001 na Rio Grande Energia S/A, concessionária de distribuição de energia elétrica que atua no Rio Grande do Sul. O trabalho ressalta a importância da questão ambiental nas organizações e a necessidade de adotar e manter uma política ambiental responsável, tanto em função da pressão pública, como em função das exigências crescentes das legislações ambientais. A Rio Grande Energia está na fase final de estruturação de seu Sistema de Gestão Ambiental (SGA visando sua adequação ao mercado e objetivando uma futura certificação. Serão abordadas as principais ações da empresa objetivando o cumprimento da sua política ambiental, o atendimento às legislações e a satisfação dos clientes. Palavras-Chave: Gestão. Meio Ambiente. Implantação.

  14. A Survey of the Invasive Aquatic and Riparian Plants of the Lower Rio Grande

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    monocultures in many areas. In 2001 and 2003, surveys were conducted starting below Amistad Reservoir to immediately below Falcon Reservoir to assess...management programs to inhibit further new infestations locally and downstream. In 2001, 20 sites on the Rio Grande River were surveyed from Amistad Reservoir...the 2001 survey, hydrilla was found in Amistad Reservoir and below Falcon Reservoir. In August 2002, hydrilla fragments were observed in plant

  15. Bird community structure in riparian environments in Cai River, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Jaqueline Brummelhaus; Marcia Suelí Bohn; Maria Virginia Petry

    2012-01-01

    Urbanization produces changes in riparian environments, causing effects in the structure of bird communities, which present different responses to the impacts. We compare species richness, abundance, and composition of birds in riparian environments with different characteristics in Cai River, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. We carried out observations in woodland, grassland, and urban environments, between September 2007 and August 2008. We listed 130 bird species, 29 species unique to woodland e...

  16. Comitê Gravataí: gestão participativa da água no Rio Grande do Sul Gravataí committee: participatory water management in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Gutiérrez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa um caso específico de interação entre Estado e sociedade: o funcionamento do Comitê da Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Gravataí, criado em 1989. Primeiro, demonstra-se que, embora tenha alcançado um grau elevado de colaboração entre técnicos estatais e ONGs, o comitê ainda não consegue cumprir com os objetivos pelos quais foi criado. Segundo, afirma-se que, para alcançar esses objetivos e também sobreviver, um foro de gestão participativa como o Comitê Gravataí precisa superar sérios problemas em relação à sua sustentabilidade técnica, financeira e política. Terceiro, argumenta-se que a superação desses problemas depende tanto da articulação do comitê com outras organizações estatais e não estatais quanto do aval dos máximos decisores políticos. Quarto, ressalta-se que a ação difusa do Estado garante, em inúmeras ocasiões, a participação dos representantes das organizações civis. Assim, conclui-se que, mesmo em casos de gestão pública com ampla participação, como o Comitê Gravataí, a sua viabilidade depende, em múltiplas formas, da ação estatal.This article examines a case of State-society interaction in policy making: the operation of the Gravataí River Basin Committee (Comitê Gravataí, created in 1989 in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. First, it is shown that, in spite of a high collaboration between state technical officials and NGO members, as of 2006 the committee has not achieved the goals for which it was created. Second, it is hold that in order to achieve those goals and to secure its survival, a participatory forum such as the Comitê Gravataí has to overcome serious restrictions regarding its technical, financial, and political sustainability. Third, it is argued that overcoming those restrictions entails a higher coordination between the committee, on the one hand, and governmental and non-governmental organizations, on the other. Fourth, it is stressed how the "diffused

  17. Access to treatment for phenylketonuria by judicial means in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Mangueira Trevisan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU includes the use of a metabolic formula which should be provided free of charge by the Unified Health System (SUS. This retrospective, observational study sought to characterize judicial channels to obtain PKU treatment in Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Brazil. Lawsuits filed between 2001- 2010 and having as beneficiaries PKU patients requesting treatment for the disease were included. Of 20 lawsuits filed, corresponding to 16.8% of RS patients with PKU, 19 were retrieved for analysis. Of these, only two sought to obtain therapies other than metabolic formula. In all the other 17 cases, prior treatment requests had been granted by the State Department of Health. Defendants included the State (n = 19, the Union (n = 1, and municipalities (n = 4. In 18/19 cases, the courts ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. Violation of the right to health and discontinuation of State-provided treatment were the main reasons for judicial recourse. Unlike other genetic diseases, patients with PKU seek legal remedy to obtain a product already covered by the national pharmaceutical assistance policy, suggesting that management failures are a driving factor for judicialization in Brazil.

  18. Determination of 210Pb e 226Ra in tobacco leaves cultivated in the states of Rio de Grande do Sul e Alagoas - Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brandao, Y.B.; Antonio Filho, J.; Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

    2005-01-01

    The literature has shown that tobacco use causes damage to the health of cigarette users, manifesting itself in diseases with high mortality. Among these diseases include respiratory failure, pulmonary emphysema and lung cancer, among others. On the other hand, smoking contributes significantly to increasing the dose of natural radiation received by man, due to the presence of uranium series radionuclides, such as 226 Ra, 210 Pb and 210 Po, in relatively high concentrations in fresh tobacco leaves. The determination of these radionuclides in this matrix is of great interest, once they can be incorporated not only by the active smoker, but also by the passive smoker. The results of this study confirmed the significant presence of 226 Ra and 210 Pb in tobacco samples collected and analyzed. The average values of activity concentration found in samples from the State of Alagoas were of Bq.kg -1 0.8 to 210 Pb and 183.5 Bq.kg -1 to 226 Ra. For samples coming from the State of Rio Grande do Sul, these values were 4,0 Bq.kg -1 to 210 Pb and 161.3 Bq.kg -1 to 226 Ra

  19. O impacto de políticas tributárias sobre o arroz do Rio Grande do Sul no contexto do Mercosul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Feliciano de Oliveira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O estudo analisa a influência de algumas políticas tributárias sobre o setor do arroz do Rio Grande do Sul (RS no âmbito do Mercosul. Avaliamse os impactos das seguintes decisões de política tributária: (a eliminação dos benefícios fiscais adotados por estados brasileiros (guerra fiscal; (b concessão, por parte do governo estadual gaúcho, de crédito fiscal para a produção de arroz no estado; (c equalização da alíquota do ICMS (Imposto sobre Circulação de Mercadorias e Serviços, em todas as Unidades da Federação Brasileira, nas faixas de 7%, 4% e 0%. A análise é realizada considerandose como base o ano de 2006 e uma projeção para 2020. O estudo mostra que a obediência à legislação tributária vigente (fim da guerra fiscal e igualdade em todo o território brasileiro da alíquota de ICMS em 7% resultaria na maior rentabilidade para produtores gaúchos. Por outro lado, dado o cenário atual de mercado, tornar nula a alíquota de ICMS em todo o Brasil resultaria nos menores preços para consumidores brasileiros de arroz.The study evaluates the impact of some tax policies upon the rice sector in the Rio Grande do Sul (RS state, in the Mercosur context. The impacts of the following decisions, regarding tax policy, are examined: (a elimination of the fiscal benefits adopted by Brazilian states; (b concession, by the government of RS, of a fiscal credit to the rice production in the state; (c equalization of the tax rate related to the value added tax (ICMS among all the Brazilian states at the rates of 7%, 4% and 0%. The study refers to the year of 2006 and projects some results for 2020. One of the conclusions of the study is that following the present fiscal policy legislation and equating, in all states of Brazil, the tax rate of ICMS at 7% would result in the highest benefits to the rice producers of RS state. On the other hand, given the actual market situation, setting the ICMS tax rate equal to zero, in all the

  20. Gestão de Custos, Preços e Resultados: um Estudo em Indústrias Conserveiras do Rio Grande do Sul.

    OpenAIRE

    Daniele Penteado Gonçalves Braga; Alexandre Xavier Vieira Braga; Marcos Antonio Souza

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo do estudo é analisar as questões relacionadas à gestão dos estoques, do capital de giro, do processo de formação de preços, e da gestão de custos em indústrias conserveiras do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. As práticas de gestão pesquisadas têm sido abordadas com frequência pela literatura na forma de instrumentos da eficiência e eficácia empresarial. A pesquisa, realizada no ano de 2008, envolveu um estudo empírico com as oito empresas conserveiras do estado do Rio Grande do Sul cuj...

  1. First records of the Brown Creeper breeding along the middle Rio Grande in central New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jean-Luc E. Cartron; David L. Hawksworth; Deborah M. Finch

    2008-01-01

    In New Mexico, the Brown Creeper (Certhia americana) typically breeds in montane coniferous forests ranging in elevation from 2100 to 3300 m (Ligon 1961, Hubbard 1978). Since 2003, however, we have also noted breeding in the riparian cottonwood forest (hereafter bosque) along the middle Rio Grande, in the south valley of Albuquerque, Bernalillo...

  2. A construção do cidadão: os conteúdos escolares nas escolas públicas do Rio Grande do Sul na Primeira República

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berenice Corsetti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available  No Rio Grande do Sul, na Primeira República, ocorreu expressiva expansão do ensino, num contexto de modificações sociais e domínio político do Partido Republicano Rio-Grandense. Os conteúdos escolares, nesse processo, foram utilizados pelos dirigentes corno instrumento de construção do cidadão rio-grandense dos novos tempos do capitalismo. A reorganização curricular e programática efetivada nas escolas públicas do Rio Grande do Sul, na Primeira República, possibilitou a adoção de um caráter científico e técnico na estruturação dos conteúdos, o que foi importante para a formação dos trabalhadores que se faziam necessários para a realidade capitalista que os republicanos desejavam consolidar. A construção do cidadão que interessava ao projeto dos positivistas exigiu que a escola, além de ensinar, educasse para a disciplina, para a produtividade e para os cuidados com a saúde. A preparação para o mercado incluiu instrumentos através dos quais os governantes gaúchos prepararam a juventude rio-grandense para a aceitação da lógica do capital.Palavras-chave: conteúdos escolares, reorganização curricular, capitalismo.   Abstract In Rio Grande do Sul, during the First Republic, there was na expressive expansion of teaching, in a context of social changes and political rule by the Rio-Grandense Republic Party. The educational subjects, in this course, were used by the directors as a way to prepare the citizen of Rio Grande do Sul for the new ages of capitalismo The curricular and program reorganization which took place at the publics schools of Rio Grande do Sul, during the First Republic, allowed the adoption of scientific and technical character in the struturation of the subjects, which was important for the creation of workers who would be necessary for the capitalist reality that republicans wanted to consolidate. The formation of the citizen which was of interest for the project of the positivists demanded

  3. Funções de forma para Eucalyptus dunnii Maiden implantados na depressão central e encosta do sudeste do Rio Grande do Sul Taper of Eucalyptus dunnii Maiden established in the central depression and southeast slope of the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Guimarães Finger

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a forma do tronco do Eucalyptus dunnii Maiden, para estimativas de sortimentos. Os dados foram obtidos pela cubagem de árvores amostras com idades entre 6 e 7 anos, pelo método de Smalian, em quatro hortos florestais localizados na Depressão Central e Encosta do Sudeste do Rio Grande do Sul. Os valores de diâmetro e altura observados ao longo dos troncos foram ajustados, com o emprego do procedimento Forward de regressão, a modelos matemáticos para descrever a forma das árvores, tendo a seleção dos modelos sido realizada através do coeficiente de determinação (R², do erro padrão da estimativa em percentagem (Syx%, bem como pela análise de resíduos. As melhores estimativas foram obtidas com o modelo: di/d = b0 + b1 (h i/h + b2h i/h² + b3(h i/h³, o qual apresentou R² de 0,9577 e Syx de 8,14 %.The present work had for objective study taper of Eucalyptus dunnii Maiden, forassortment estimations. Data was collected in 4 properties of company Riocell S.A distributed along several municipalities of the Central Depression and Southeast Slope of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. The trees sampled were 6 to 7 years old, and were cubated by the Smaliam Method. The data was adjusted to a mathematic model to desenhe the trees taper, using the forward regression procedure. In the selection of the mathematic model the statistics coefficient of determination (R², standard error in percentage (Syx % as well as the residue analysis of the models were considered. The best estimation was obtained with the model: d i/ d = b0 + b1(h i/h + b2(h i/h² + b3(h i/h³, with R² = 0.9577 and Syx = 8.14 %.

  4. Study on the blackbird (Agelaius ruficapillus Viellot- Emberizidae, Aves) in the rice production areas of Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil : basis for a population control management program

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Silva, da J.J.C.

    1999-01-01

    Rice is one of the main components of the Brazilian diet. The State of Rio Grande do Sul produces approximately 4,6 millions tons per year - more than 54% of total Brazilian rice production. The average production in Southern Brazil is 5,2 tons per ha, with yields of 10 tons per ha being

  5. Seismic Anisotropy Beneath the Eastern Flank of the Rio Grande Rift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, N. W.; Pulliam, J.

    2015-12-01

    Shear wave splitting was measured across the eastern flank of the Rio Grande Rift (RGR) to investigate mechanisms of upper mantle anisotropy. Earthquakes recorded at epicentral distances of 90°-130° from EarthScope Transportable Array (TA) and SIEDCAR (SC) broadband seismic stations were examined comprehensively, via the Matlab program "Splitlab", to determine whether SKS and SKKS phases indicated anisotropic properties. Splitlab allows waveforms to be rotated, filtered, and windowed interactively and splitting measurements are made on a user-specified waveform segment via three independent methods simultaneously. To improve signal-to-noise and improve reliability, we stacked the error surfaces that resulted from grid searches in the measurements for each station location. Fast polarization directions near the Rio Grande Rift tend to be sub-parallel to the RGR but then change to angles that are consistent with North America's average plate motion, to the east. The surface erosional depression of the Pecos Valley coincides with fast polarization directions that are aligned in a more northerly direction than their neighbors, whereas the topographic high to the east coincides with an easterly change of the fast axis.The area above a mantle high velocity anomaly discovered separately via seismic tomography which may indicate thickened lithosphere, corresponds to unusually large delay times and fast polarization directions that are more closely aligned to a north-south orientation. The area of southeastern New Mexico that falls between the mantle fast anomaly and the Great Plains craton displays dramatically smaller delay times, as well as changes in fast axis directions toward the northeast. Changes in fast axis directions may indicate flow around the mantle anomaly; small delay times could indicate vertical or attenuated flow.

  6. A Casa Grande de Romarigães, um legado arquitectónico e literário de Aquilino Ribeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ribeiro Machado Pedroso de Lima

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A Casa Grande de Romarigães terá servido de cenário literário a uma das mais simbólicas obras do escritor Aquilino Ribeiro: A casa grande de Romarigães. Sua estrutura arquitectónica foi classificada como Imóvel de Interesse Público em 1986, atribuição que ainda não derivou em nenhum estudo rigoroso sobre a sua evolução morfológica. Com base nas constantes descrições na obra de Aquilino Ribeiro, e do seu confronto com a documentação histórica entretanto encontrada (escrita e gráfica, em grande parte inédita, este trabalho de investigação propõe o desenho da evolução morfológica da casa ao longo dos tempos, bem como a enunciação da influência deste solar para a organização social, cultural e económica da aldeia de Romarigães.

  7. Hepatogenous photosensitization in cattle in Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Motta, Adriana Costa da; Rivero, Gabriela Riet-Correa; Schild, Ana Lucia; Riet-Correa, Franklin; Méndez, Maria del Carmen; Ferreira, João Luiz

    2000-01-01

    São descritos aspectos epidemiológicos e patológicos de 19 surtos de fotossensibilização observados em bovinos na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul, no período entre 1984 e 1997. A doença ocorre, principalmente, nos meses de outono e primavera com morbidade de 0,08% a 64% e mortalidade de 0 a 14%. Todas as categorias são afetadas e as áreas onde ocorrem os surtos se caracterizam por campos planos e baixos, freqüentemente utilizados para o plantio de arroz irrigado ou pastagens de azevém, trevo ...

  8. Research and management of soil, plant, animal, and human resources in the Middle Rio Grande Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch

    1996-01-01

    The Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station initiated a research program in 1994 called. "Ecology, diversity, and sustainability of soil, plant, animal, and human resources of the Rio Grande Basin". This program is funded by an Ecosystem Management grant from Forest Service Research. Its mission focuses on the development and application of new...

  9. Utilização de adoçantes dietéticos entre adultos em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: um estudo de base populacional Use of diet sweeteners by adults in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: a population-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta de Vargas Zanini

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Estudo de base populacional avaliou o uso de adoçantes dietéticos na população com idade ≥ 20 anos, residente na zona urbana do Município de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre janeiro e julho de 2010, e 2.732 indivíduos foram entrevistados. Além das questões específicas quanto ao uso de adoçante dietético, foram coletadas informações sobre características demográficas, socioeconômicas e de saúde. Para as análises estatísticas, foram utilizados testes qui-quadrado de heterogeneidade e de tendência linear. A prevalência de uso de adoçante dietético foi 19% (IC95%: 17,1; 20,9, sendo 3,7 vezes maior entre idosos do que entre aqueles com 20-29 anos de idade. Nível econômico e estado nutricional apresentaram associação direta e significativa com o desfecho. Quase 98% da amostra utilizou adoçantes na forma líquida, sendo os mais consumidos (89,2% aqueles constituídos por sacarina e ciclamato de sódio. A mediana de ingestão diária foi 10 gotas (P25; P75 = 6; 18, entre usuários de adoçante líquido, ou 1,5 sachet (P25; P75 = 1; 4, para adoçante em pó. O uso de adoçante dietético foi maior entre mulheres e idosos.This population-based study evaluated the use of diet sweeteners by adults (> 20 years in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Data were collected from January to July 2010 (n = 2,732. Besides specific questions on diet sweeteners, demographic, socioeconomic, and health characteristics were recorded. Heterogeneity and linear trend chi-square tests were used for the statistical analysis. Prevalence of sweetener use was 19% (95%CI: 1.1-20.9, and was 3.7 times higher in elderly individuals as compared to 20-29-year-olds. Economic level and nutritional status were significantly associated with sweetener use. Nearly 98% of the sample used liquid sweeteners; the most frequently consumed (89.2% were those containing saccharin or sodium cyclamate. Average intake was 10 drops

  10. DESEMPENHO DO Pinus echinata NA REGIÃO CENTRAL DO ESTADO DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Renato Schneider

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the growth and the yield of a Pinus echinata Mill. stand were studied. The stand was implanted in 1996 in spacing of 3,0 x 2,0 meters, at Boqueirão do Leão, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. For the study, 6 sample units were installed, and 6 trees of average diameter and dominant height were cut down for trunk analysis. Results indicated that the species presents a good growth in diameter, height and volume. At 12 years-old, the stand presented an average diameter of 18.4 cm, an average height of 12.6 m, a dominant height of 14.1 m, a basal area of 42.3 m2.ha-1, total volume with rind of 248.2 m3.ha-1 and an average annual increment of 20.7 m3.ha-1.yr-1. These initial findings indicate that the species bears a great potential for growth, what enables it to thrive in some regions of Rio Grande do Sul.

  11. Lophiobrycon weitzmani, a new genus and species of glandulocaudine fish (Characiformes: Characidae from the rio Grande drainage, upper rio Paraná system, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo M. C. Castro

    Full Text Available A new genus and species of glandulocaudine, Lophiobrycon weitzmani, is described based on specimens collected in headwater tributary streams of the rio Grande, upper rio Paraná system, State of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. The inclusion of the new species in the phylogeny of the subfamily Glandulocaudinae proposed by Weitzman & Menezes (1998, reveals a sister group relationship between the new genus and the monophyletic group composed of Glandulocauda and Mimagoniates that currently form the tribe Glandulocaudini. The new species can be readily distinguished from all other species of the tribe by the autapomorphic presence in adult male individuals (with more than 23.9 mm standard length of an adipose-fin whose base extends for almost the entire distance between the posterior terminus of the base of the dorsal fin and the base of the upper lobe of the caudal fin and averages approximately 25% standard length, along with the presence of globular expansions formed by the lepidotrichia and hypertrophied soft tissue in the middle portions of the first and second pectoral-fin rays. The diagnosis of the tribe Glandulocaudini is modified to accommodate the new genus.

  12. Assessment of potential Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, clays when subjected to high rates of heating; Avaliacao da potencialidade de argilas do Rio Grande do Norte quando submetidas a elevadas taxas de aquecimento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filgueira, R L; Pereira, L M; Dutra, R P.S.; Nascimento, R M [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (DEMat/CT/UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Centro de Tecnologia. Dept. de Engenharia de Materiais

    2009-07-01

    In this work we study three clays of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, to evaluate the potential them when subjected to high rates of heating. The samples were formed by pressing and subject to rates of 5 deg C / min, 10 deg C / min and 15 deg C / min, with temperature of 950 deg C. This study determined the technological properties of the samples. The mineralogical composition was identified by X-ray diffraction. The chemical composition was determined by Xray fluorescence. The Atterberg limits, were used to classify the samples on the plasticity. Were also performed: dilatometry, size analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The examination of the processing variables and the intrinsic characteristics of each material indicates that the RX clay showed the best results for the manufacture of blocks and tiles. The techniques used in this study were efficient and the initial objectives were achieved. (author)

  13. Tendências na comercialização de bezerros relacionadas às características genéticas no Rio Grande do Sul Tendency in the commercialization of calves in Rio Grande do Sul related to your genetic characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Fagundes Christofari

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de caracterizar os efeitos dos aspectos dependentes da genética de bezerros comercializados no estado do Rio Grande do Sul e verificar sua influência no preço de venda. Foram coletados em 13 feiras municipais de bezerros de corte no estado dados referentes ao grupo genético predominante, ao tamanho e à musculatura dos animais de 739 lotes, correspondendo a 11.986 cabeças. Foram avaliados o preço obtido por kg de peso vivo, a porcentagem de liquidez e a valorização do bezerro durante a comercialização. A freqüência de bezerros sem predominância genética ainda é grande nas feiras do estado, no entanto, esses animais têm menor preferência do comprador, pois têm menor liquidez em relação ao outros grupos ofertados. Os bezerros do grupo genético sintético (Braford, Brangus ou Canchim são comercializados com maiores preços por kg de peso vivo e são mais valorizados. Para características de tamanho e desenvolvimento muscular, os bezerros grandes e fortes tiveram maior liquidez em comparação aos de estrutura média ou pequena, portanto, têm maior preço e valorização por kg de peso vivo.This work aimed at to characterize the effects of the dependent aspects of the genetics of the calves marketed in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, as form of verifying the influence of these in the sale price. They were collected at 13 municipal auction of calves in the State, referring data to the predominant genetic group, size and musculature of the animals of 739 lots of animals corresponding to 11,986 heads. They were evaluate for the price obtained by kg of live weight, liquidity percentage and the valorization of the calf during the commercialization. The calves without genetic predominance still demonstrate great frequency in the auction of RS. However, these animals have less buyer's preference because they show small liquidity in relation to the other affered groups. The calves of the

  14. Tolerância ao cobre em ecótipos de Schinus lentiscifolius March (Anacardiaceae de áreas de mineração no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Copper tolerance in ecotypes of Schinus lentiscifolius March (Anacardiaceae in mining regions of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Porto

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Sementes de Schinus lentiscifolius March, provenientes de duas áreas de mineração do Rio Grande do Sul, foram submetidas a testes de exposição ao CuSO4, visando comprovar a tolerância ao cobre na germinação e no desenvolvimento de plántulas. Os testes demonstraram que os dois clones reagem diferentemente ao cobre, porém ambos apresentaram mecanismos de tolerância. Plántulas provenientes de sementes da área de maior concentração de cobre no solo (minas do Seival apresentam sintomas de toxidez mais tardios do que plántulas provenientes de sementes da área de menor concentração deste íon (mina Sanga Negra.Seeds from Schinus lentiscifolius March collected in two mining areas in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were submitted to CuSO4 exposure tests to confirm copper tolerance during germination .and plantule development. The results showed that the two distinct clones respond differently to copper, but both presented tolerance mechanisms. Plantules originated from seeds collected in the area with higher soil copper concentration (minas do Seival presented toxicity symptoms later as compared to those plantules originated from seeds collected in the area with lower CU² + concentration (mina Sanga Negra.

  15. Latest Miocene-earliest Pliocene evolution of the ancestral Rio Grande at the Española-San Luis Basin boundary, northern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel J. Koning,; Aby, Scott B.; Grauch, V. J.; Matthew J. Zimmerer,

    2016-01-01

    We use stratigraphic relations, paleoflow data, and 40Ar/39Ar dating to interpret net aggradation, punctuated by at least two minor incisional events, along part of the upper ancestral Rio Grande fluvial system between 5.5 and 4.5 Ma (in northern New Mexico). The studied fluvial deposits, which we informally call the Sandlin unit of the Santa Fe Group, overlie a structural high between the San Luis and Española Basins. The Sandlin unit was deposited by two merging, west- to southwest-flowing, ancestral Rio Grande tributaries respectively sourced in the central Taos Mountains and southern Taos Mountains-northeastern Picuris Mountains. The river confluence progressively shifted southwestward (downstream) with time, and the integrated river (ancestral Rio Grande) flowed southwards into the Española Basin to merge with the ancestral Rio Chama. Just prior to the end of the Miocene, this fluvial system was incised in the southern part of the study area (resulting in an approximately 4–7 km wide paleovalley), and had sufficient competency to transport cobbles and boulders. Sometime between emplacement of two basalt flows dated at 5.54± 0.38 Ma and 4.82±0.20 Ma (groundmass 40Ar/39Ar ages), this fluvial system deposited 10–12 m of sandier sediment (lower Sandlin subunit) preserved in the northern part of this paleovalley. The fluvial system widened between 4.82±0.20 and 4.50±0.07 Ma, depositing coarse sand and fine gravel up to 14 km north of the present-day Rio Grande. This 10–25 m-thick sediment package (upper Sandlin unit) buried earlier south- to southeast-trending paleovalleys (500–800 m wide) inferred from aeromagnetic data. Two brief incisional events are recognized. The first was caused by the 4.82±0.20 Ma basalt flow impounding south-flowing paleodrainages, and the second occurred shortly after emplacement of a 4.69±0.09 Ma basalt flow in the northern study area. Drivers responsible for Sandlin unit aggradation may include climate

  16. Desempenho empresarial em setores concentrados : um estudo comparativo nas salinas do estado do Rio Grande do Norte

    OpenAIRE

    Valdevino, Rosângela Queiroz Souza

    2014-01-01

    Na atual conjuntura competitiva, os acompanhamentos administrativos e financeiros são essenciais para o estabelecimento dos requisitos necessários a uma eficiente tomada de decisão. Neste sentido, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo conhecer mais profundamente o setor salineiro do Rio Grande do Norte, no período de 2010/2011, e comparar o seu desempenho com os setores de mineração e serviços hospitalares que também apresentam elevado grau de concentração segundo classificação bas...

  17. Jeito de mulher rural: a busca de direitos sociais e da igualdade de gênero no Rio Grande do Sul The rural woman's way: the struggle for social rights and gender equality in Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alie Van Der Schaaf

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho trata de processos emancipatórios de mulheres, em especial de pequenas agricultoras no sul do Brasil, no Movimento de Mulheres Trabalhadoras Rurais do Rio Grande do Sul - MMTR-RS. A vida diária das agricultoras nos providencia elementos cruciais para entender a sua ação social, sendo o âmbito em que se produzem os significados culturais. Além disso, o enfoque na vida diária revela o impacto dos contextos históricos, econômicos, religiosos e políticos específicos em que a ação social acontece e nos ajuda a entender como as participantes chegam a problematizar demandas coletivas e a desafiar a arena política.This work approaches womens' emancipatory processes, specially those by small farmers in Southern Brazil, within the Rural Working Women's Movement of Rio Grande do Sul - MMTR-RS. Rural working women's daily life provide us with crucial elements to understand their social action, as the field in which they produce cultural meaning. Besides, the focus on daily life reveals the impact of historical, economical, religious and political contexts in which action develops, and helps us to understand how participants identify a set of problems as collective demands and challenge public arena.

  18. Comparative study of ceramic blocks for masonry produced in Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, R.C. dos; Melo, O.B. de; Macedo, R.S. de; Silva, B.J. da; Goncalves, W.P.; Santana, L.N.L.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study to analyze the properties of ceramic blocks produced by the states of Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte. For this, the raw materials used in the fabrication of these blocks were characterized using the techniques of chemical, granulometry and mineralogical analysis and determination of the plasticity index of mixture ceramic. The properties of the ceramic blocks were determined by evaluating the geometric and visual characteristics and determining the water absorption and compressive strength, according to technical recommendations ABNT NBR 15270. It can be observed that samples have chemical compositions with a predominance of SiO 2 and Al 2 O 3 and Fe 2 O 3 and they are composed of mica, kaolinite, quartz, feldspar and goethite. It was also noted that all blocks showed compressive strength less than 1.5 MPa. (author)

  19. Distribuição espacial do risco: modelagem da mortalidade infantil em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Spatial risk distribution: modeling infant mortality in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia E. Shimakura

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Estimação e mapeamento de perfis de risco são interesses da Epidemiologia. Neste trabalho, é analisada a distribuição espacial de casos de mortalidade infantil, comparados a controles de nascidos vivos amostrados do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos da cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A modelagem adotada neste trabalho baseia-se em um processo pontual espacial, na qual se define uma medida de risco que varia continuamente sobre a região de estudo e estimada por meio de métodos de modelos aditivos generalizados. Essa abordagem possui a vantagem de permitir a incorporação, no modelo, de efeitos de determinantes individuais e ecológicos de risco sob forma simples e de fácil interpretação. Também permite a construção de contornos de tolerância que auxiliam na identificação de áreas de alto/baixo risco e de um teste global da hipótese nula de risco constante relativa à região. A aplicação do método aos dados de mortalidade infantil mostrou variação espacial no risco altamente significativa para mortalidade neonatal e não significativa para mortalidade pós-neonatal.Estimation and mapping of risk profiles are the main concerns of epidemiology. This paper analyzes spatial distribution of infant mortality cases as compared to live-born controls from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. The modeling framework adopted in this research work is a spatial point process. Under this structure, a risk measure which continuously varies over the study region is defined and estimated using generalized additive model methods. This approach has the advantage of allowing for risk factors that are simple and easy to interpret. The procedure also allows the construction of tolerance contours which help identify areas of significantly high/low risk and an overall test for the null hypothesis of constant risk over the region. Application of this method to infant mortality data showed a highly significant spatial

  20. Public health agendas addressing violence against rural women - an analysis of local level health services in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Cocco da Costa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses health managers' perceptions of local public health agendas addressing violence against rural women in municipalities in the southern part of the State Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. It consists of an exploratory descriptive study utilizing a qualitative approach. Municipal health managers responsible for planning actions directed at women's health and primary health care were interviewed. The analysis sought to explore elements of programmatic vulnerability related to violence in the interviewees' narratives based on the following dimensions of programmatic vulnerability: expression of commitment, transformation of commitment into action, and planning and coordination. It was found that local health agendas directed at violence against rural women do not exist. Health managers are therefore faced with the challenge of defining lines of action in accordance with the guidelines and principles of the SUS. The repercussions of this situation are expressed in fragile comprehensive services for these women and programmatic vulnerability.

  1. Intoxicação natural por Cestrum intermedium em bovinos no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Spontaneous poisoning by Cestrum intermedium in cattle in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Mota Bandarra

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Em junho de 2007, uma mortalidade de bovinos com sinais clínicos e lesões de insuficiência hepática aguda em uma propriedade, na região da encosta da serra do Rio Grande do Sul, foi atribuída ao consumo de Cestrum intermedium. De um total de 17 bovinos, dois morreram com curso clínico inferior a 12 horas, apresentando tremores musculares, andar cambaleante, reações agressivas, decúbito lateral e morte. À necropsia, o fígado estava moderadamente aumentado de volume e com acentuação do padrão lobular. Histologicamente, o fígado apresentava necrose de coagulação centrolobular, difusa, aguda e acentuada. As alterações patológicas associadas à presença e a evidência de consumo da planta pelos bovinos permitiram o diagnóstico.In June of 2007, mortality in cattle with clinical signs and lesions of acute hepatic insufficiency on a farm located in the hillside of Rio Grande do Sul mountain range was attributed to Cestrum intermedium consumption. From 17 bovines, two died up to 12 hours presenting clinical signs such as muscular tremors, incoordination, aggressiveness, lateral recumbence and death. Macroscopic lesions were found primary in the liver and were characterized by a slightly increased volume and diffuse accentuation of the lobules. Microscopically, the liver showed diffuse and accentuated centrilobular coagulative necrosis. The presence of Cestrum intermedium plants that was being ingested by the bovine associated with the hepatic lesions was decisive for the diagnosis.

  2. Répteis squamata de remanescentes florestais do Campus da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal-RN, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Sales, Raul Fernandes Dantas

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Inventários faunísticos são fundamentais para o conhecimento da biodiversidade e, conseqüentemente, para o planejamento e tomada de decisões sobre estratégias de conservação. Para conhecer a diversidade e composição dos répteis Squamata, assim como a distribuição das espécies por microhábitat em três fragmentos florestais na área do Campus da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN, efetuaram-se excursões quinzenais diurnas, de março a junho de 2008. As buscas ativas foram realizadas ao longo de transecções percorridas aleatoriamente, efetuando-se os registros das espécies, dos microhábitats e do horário de observação. Um total de 92 espécimes, correspondentes a 10 espécies, foi coletados nas três áreas estudadas. A consulta da Coleção Herpetológica da UFRN possibilitou adicionar outras oito espécies, totalizando 18 espécies para o Campus da UFRN. As espécies mais abundantes foram Mabuya heathi, Hemidactylus mabouia e Tropidurus hispidus. O coeficiente de similaridade faunística binário de Sorensen mostrou 59 % de similaridade com os Squamata do Parque Estadual das Dunas do Natal (PEDN, área de conservação contígua com a área estudada. Apesar do grande adensamento urbano, os fragmentos florestais do Campus Central da UFRN abrigam espécies de formações abertas e de áreas florestadas, com destaque para os primeiros registros de Coleodactylus natalensis e de Amphisbaena heathi nessa vegetação relictual, fatos que justificam a preservação desses fragmentos em prol da manutenção destas espécies endêmicas do Rio Grande do Norte. Fauna inventories are crucial for increasing knowledge of biodiversity as well as for planning and conservation strategies. To assess the taxonomic composition and microhabitat distribution of squamate reptiles in three forest fragments on the campus of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN, field collections were carried out quarterly from March

  3. Effects of agricultural and urban impacts on macroinvertebrates assemblages in streams (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Ubiratan Hepp

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the effects of agricultural and urban activities on the structure and composition of benthic communities of streams in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Benthic macroinvertebrates were collected in streams influenced by urbanization and agriculture and in streams with no anthropogenic disturbances (reference streams. Organism density was superior in urban streams when compared with streams in the other two areas. The taxonomic richness and Shannon diversity index were higher in reference streams. The benthic fauna composition was significantly different among land uses. The classification and ordination analyses corroborated the results of variance analyses demonstrating the formation of clusters corresponding to streams with similar land use. Seasonality was also found to influence the benthic community, though in a lesser degree than land use.

  4. EVOLUÇÃO GEOMORFOLÓGICA DO RIO GRANDE, RJ: INFLUÊNCIAS GEOLÓGICAS E CAPTURAS DE DRENAGEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Wagner Paixão Pinto

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available A análise dos sistemas fluviais são de extrema importância na compreensão da evolução geomorfológica da paisagem, pois possuem características, seja no seu arranjo ou distribuição dos canais, que permitem elaborar os episódios que ocorreram ao longo do tempo. A quebra do continente Gondwana e seus múltiplos eventos até a consolidação do Rift Continental do Sudeste do Brasil (RCSB implicou em uma mudança significativa no relevo sudeste e, consequentemente, nos sistemas de drenagens. Isto promoveu a reorganização dos sistemas de drenagens e uma nova dinâmica hidro-erosiva pelo rebaixado do nível de base na porção leste do continente. Diante do exposto, selecionou-se como estudo de caso a bacia do Rio Grande no Rio de Janeiro com o objetivo principal de entender o processo de evolução geomorfológica da bacia, a partir da organização da rede de drenagem e feições elementares da bacia frente aos eventos geológicos de formação e estruturação do substrato rochoso. A metodologia utilizada se baseia em trabalhos de gabinete, de campo e posterior análise dos dados gerados. Estes procedimentos visaram compreender a evolução do relevo na bacia do Rio Grande com base na correlação entre aspectos geológicos e geomorfológicos na organização do seu sistema fluvial. Pode-se inferir que a evolução geomorfológica da bacia do Rio Grande foi influenciada pelos múltiplos eventos tectônicos até a consolidação do RCSB. Os dados demonstram forte controle do substrato rochoso na morfologia do relevo e na orientação da rede de drenagem. Os resultados das orientações dos fluxos de drenagem demonstram grande quantidade de rios nas orientações NE, assim como, boa parte dos lineamentos estruturais na bacia estudada. Destaca-se, a influência dos lineamentos minerais das rochas, principalmente os gnaisses da Unidade São Fidélis para este comportamento. Além disso, lineamentos estruturais em outras dire

  5. Investigação do Modo Sul em dados de precipitação no período de 1982 a 2006 no estado do Rio Grande do Sul Research of "modo sul" on rainfall data during the period from 1982 to 2006 in Rio Grande do Sul state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luana Albertani Pampuch

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta o estudo de um modo de variabilidade que influencia a precipitação no Sul do Brasil e é chamado Modo Sul de precipitação. Será mostrado que a ocorrência de máximos (e mínimos do Modo Sul de precipitação pode estar relacionada à ocorrência de eventos extremos no Rio Grande do Sul, como vendavais, enchentes, granizo e estiagens Utilizando a análise de componentes principais em dados de precipitação diária filtrados na banda 10-50 dias, são encontrados campos espaciais e temporais que representam a máxima variância de determinadas variabilidades, e neles são detectados Modos de Variabilidade de precipitação. Desta maneira, foi possível determinar este modo de variabilidade, que aparece bem configurado na região do Rio Grande do Sul. A série de componentes principais foi usada para a escolha desses eventos. O Modo Sul foi calculado para o período de 01/03/1982 à 31/05/2006. Foi possível identificar que os eventos extremos chuvosos ocorreram em maior número do que os eventos extremos secos. Na análise decadal verificou-se um aumento no número de eventos, quando comparada às décadas de 80, 90 e 2000. Vale ressaltar que o número de eventos da década de 2000 em relação à década de 80 (proporcionalmente foi o mais expressivo.This work presents a study of a rainfall variability mode that acts in southern Brazil and is called "Modo Sul" of precipitation. It was tried to show that the occurrences of maximum (and minimum of the "Modo Sul" of precipitation are related to the occurrence of extreme events in Rio Grande do Sul, as windstorm, flood, hail and drought. Using principal component analysis of daily filtered precipitation data for the 10-50 day band we found spatial pattern and temporal series that represent the maximum variance of certain variabilities, which are the modes of precipitation variability. Thus, it was possible to determine the mode of variability that appears well

  6. Leishmaniose tegumentar americana na Ilha Grande. Rio de Janeiro: V. Observações sobre a biologia dos transmissores em condiçoes naturais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson A. de Araújo Filho

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Durante um surto de Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana (LTA na Praia Vermelha, Ilha Grande, município de Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, foram coletados 4.192 exemplares de flebotomíneos em ambiente domiciliar e silvestre, com isca animal e outros abrigos naturais, durante o período de janeiro de 1976 a abril de 1977. Entre o total de 11 espécies coletadas encontraram-se 2.493 exemplares de Lutzomyia intermedia, 1.594 de Lutzomyia migonei e 105 exemplares de outras espécies. A L. intermedia apresentou densidade mais elevada no domicílio humano, enquanto a L. migonei apresentou coletas mais rendosas com iscas animais e galinheiros. O sinantropismo e a elevada densidade no ambiente domiciliar incriminam as espécies L. intermedia e L. migonei como as prováveis vetoras da LTA na Ilha Grande.During an outbreak of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in Praia Vermelha, Ilha Grande (Great Island in the county of Angra dos Reis, State of Rio de Janeiro, 4.192 species of Phlebotomus were collected in domestic and wild environment with the use of animal baits and other natural shelters from January 1976 to April 1977. In a total of 11 species collected, 2.493 samples of Lutzomyia intermedia, 1.594 of Lutzomyia migonei and 105 samples of other species were found. The Lutzomyia intermedia presented a higher density in human dwellings, while the Lutzomyia migonei presented better results with animal baits and chicken-coops. The sinantropism and high density found in the houses incriminate the species L. intermedia and L. migonei as the probable vectors of Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis in Ilha Grande.

  7. Cultura e clima organizacionais: um estudo em indústrias de laticínios do estado do Rio Grande do Norte

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha,Luiz Célio Souza; Pelogio,Emanuelly Alves; Añez,Miguel Eduardo Moreno

    2013-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar se existe relação entre a cultura organizacional e o clima organizacional, tendo, como locus de pesquisa, indústrias de laticínios do Rio Grande do Norte. Para tanto, realizou-se um estudo exploratório-descritivo e conclusivo-causal, em uma amostra composta por 211 funcionários de todos os níveis hierárquicos das empresas participantes, o que corresponde a 25,6% do total do setor. A partir dos dados coletados, identificaram-se as características pessoais...

  8. Assessing the epidemiological data of Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning occurred in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Gustavo Costalunga; Loiko, Márcia Regina; Casarin, Letícia Sopeña; Tondo, Eduardo Cesar

    2013-01-01

    Staphylococcal food poisoning is one of the most frequent foodborne illnesses worldwide and it is caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with enterotoxins produced by some strains of Staphylococcus (S.) aureus. In the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Southern Brazil, S. aureus has been identified as the second most frequent agent of foodborne illnesses in the last two decades. The aim of the present study was to assess and analyse the epidemiological data of S. aureus food poisoning occurred in the State of RS during the years of 2000 to 2002. The official records of epidemiological investigations carried out by the Sanitary Surveillance Services of the State of RS were analysed. Among foodborne outbreaks for which aetiology was determined, S. aureus was identified as the responsible agent of 57 foodborne outbreaks, being 42 (74%) confirmed by microbiological analyses and 15 (26%) confirmed by clinical symptoms and/or epidemiological data. Staphylococcal outbreaks were responsible for the exposition of 5,991 persons, of which 1,940 (32%) were interviewed by the Sanitary Surveillance officers. The most affected age group corresponded to people with 20 to 49 years old (48%), where men (48%) and women (52%) were affected similarly. The main involved food vehicles were meats servings (35%), followed by pastries (25%), cheese (23%), pasta (11%) and potato salad with homemade mayonnaise (11%). The majority of the outbreaks occurred inside private homes (33%) followed by commercial food establishments (28%). Inadequate control of temperature and failures in general hygiene practices were identified as the main factors responsible for the outbreaks. In conclusion, S. aureus was an important food poisoning etiological agent in the State of RS during 2000 to 2002 and its prevention depends on control measures involving different parts of the food chain.

  9. Studies of geology and hydrology in the Basin and Range province, southwestern United States, for isolation of high-level radioactive waste: characterization of the Rio Grande Region, New Mexico, and Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bedinger, M.S.; Sargent, Kenneth A.; Langer, William H.

    1989-01-01

    The Rio Grande region, New Mexico and Texas, includes most of the area east of the Rio Grande to the Sacramento Mountains. The region encompasses two large basins, the Jornada del Muerto and Tularosa basins, and the intervening San Andres Mountains. The valley surfaces generally have altitudes from 600 to 1,500 meters, and the mountain ranges generally have altitudes from 1,500 to 2,400 meters. About one-half the area is underlain by basin fill. Sedimentary rocks that crop out in the Rio Grande region range in age from Precambrian to Holocene. The oldest Precambrian rocks are metamorphosed and intruded by plutons. Paleozoic rocks are primarily carbonates, with argillaceous beds in the older Paleozoic units. Clastic and gypsum are in greater abundance in younger Paleozoic units of Pennsylvanian and Permian age. The Mesozoic rocks primarily are clastic rocks with some limestone. Cenozoic rocks consist of sequences of conglomerate, sandstone, mudstone, and siltstone, derived from adjacent mountain masses, interbedded with basalt and andesite flows and silicic tuffs. Early to middle Tertiary volcanic and tectonic processes resulted in the implacement of plutonic bodies; volcanic activity continued into the Quaternary. Media considered to have potential for isolation of high-level radioactive waste include intrusive rocks, ash-flow tuff, and basaltic lava flows. Laharic and mudflow breccia and argillaceous beds also may be potential host rocks. These and other rocks may be potential media in areas where the unsaturated zone is thick. Quaternary faults are more common in the southern one-half of the region than in the northern one-half. Range-bounding faults with evidence of Quaternary movement extend northward into the central part of the region. Volcanic activity in the northern part of the region includes basalt flows of Quaternary age. Historical crustal uplift and seismicity have occurred in the vicinity of Socorro, New Mexico. The region is bordered on the west by

  10. Characterization of clays found in soils of the indian territories in Rio Grande do Sul State by using the 57 Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez, C.A.S.; Gobbi, D.; Marcos, J.L.N.

    2004-01-01

    Clay samples collected from soils of indian territories of the middle plateau in Rio Grande do Sul were analyzed with the aim to obtain characterization data and technical parameters for their potential use as raw material for ceramic products. The mineralogical study in samples by using the X-ray diffraction technique demonstrated that the predominant clay mineral is kaolinite. Others minerals as quartz and rutile also are present in small amounts. Chemical analysis shows low percentages for oxides of Mg, Mn, K, Na, Ca, Cu and Zn (overall percentages smaller than 0.97%). The samples also were analyzed with the 57 Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy. The Moessbauer spectra at room temperature confirm the presence of the mineral kaolinite. At 77 K they reveal the existence of the minerals goethite and hematite as ultrafine magnetic particles in a superparamagnetic state. The physical tests performed in the samples show that these soils are very fine material and present appropriate granulometric characteristics and plasticity, which can be taken in advantage for the production of materials for construction or production of ornamental artifacts. (author)

  11. Utilização de serviços odontológicos por crianças de 0 a 5 anos de idade no Município de Canela, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Use of dental services by preschool children in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Floriani Kramer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a utilização de serviços odontológicos e idade da primeira visita odontológica em pré-escolares do Município de Canela, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Um levantamento epidemiológico em crianças menores de cinco anos de idade foi realizado durante a Campanha Nacional de Multivacinação Infantil no município. Um questionário contendo informações a respeito da idade da primeira consulta odontológica e características demográficas da criança foi respondido pelos responsáveis. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se modelo de regressão logística. Um total de 1.092 crianças foram examinadas. Do total da amostra, 13,3% já haviam consultado o cirurgião-dentista, e somente 4,3% realizaram algum tipo de consulta odontológica até o primeiro ano de vida. O número de crianças que já haviam recebido atendimento odontológico aumentou com a idade. Crianças do sexo feminino apresentaram maior chance de ter recebido atendimento odontológico do que as do sexo masculino (OR = 1,46; IC95%: 1,01-2,1. Conclui-se que é necessário o estabelecimento de políticas públicas de promoção de saúde e reorientação de serviços que facilitem a utilização dos serviços odontológicos e possibilitem o atendimento às crianças de pouca idade.The aim of this study was to assess the use of dental services and age at first dental visit in preschool children in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A representative sample of under-five children was surveyed on National Children's Vaccination Day. Children's parents completed questionnaires containing socio-demographic data and age at first dental visit. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. 192 children were examined. 13.3% of the sample had already visited the dentist at least once, but only 4.3% had their first dental visit by one year of age. The number of children who had already visited a dentist increased with age. Girls showed higher

  12. A toxic cyanobacterial bloom in an urban coastal lake, Rio Grande do Sul state, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Retz de Carvalho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Reports of cyanobacterial blooms developing worldwide have considerably increased, and, in most cases, the predominant toxins are microcystins. The present study reports a cyanobacterial bloom in Lake Violão, Torres, Rio Grande do Sul State, in January 2005. Samples collected on January 13, 2005, were submitted to taxonomical, toxicological, and chemical studies. The taxonomical analysis showed many different species of cyanobacteria, and that Microcystis protocystis and Sphaerocavum cf. brasiliense were dominant. Besides these, Microcystis panniformis, Anabaena oumiana,Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, and Anabaenopsis elenkinii f. circularis were also present. The toxicity of the bloom was confirmed through intraperitoneal tests in mice, and chemical analyses of bloom extracts showed that the major substance was anabaenopeptin F, followed by anabaenopeptin B, microcystin-LR, and microcystin-RR.O número de relatos de ocorrências de florações de cianobactérias em todo o mundo vem aumentando consideravelmente e na maioria desses episódios, as toxinas dominantes são as microcistinas. O presente estudo relata a ocorrência de floração na Lagoa do Violão, município de Torres, RS, em janeiro de 2005. As amostras coletadas em 13/01/2005 foram submetidas a estudos taxonômicos, toxicológicos e químicos. O exame microscópico do fitoplancton mostrou a dominância das espécies Microcystis protocystis e Sphaerocavum cf. brasiliense; foram observadas, também, Microcystis panniformis, Anabaena oumiana,Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii e Anabaenopsis elenkinii f. circularis. A toxicidade da floração foi confirmada através de ensaio intraperitonial em camundongos e a análise química de extratos obtidos da biomassa liofilizada mostrou que a substância majoritária era a anabaenopeptina F, seguida por anabaenopeptina B, microcistina-LR e microcistina-RR.

  13. “ÁGUA VIRA SAL LÁ NA SALINA”: O GLOSSÁRIO DOS TERMOS DO SAL NO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE NUMA PERSPECTIVA SOCIOTERMINOLÓGICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Batista da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo apresentarresultados da pesquisa sobre os termos usados na Indústriado sal, em três municípios que fazem parte da região salineirado Rio Grande do Norte. Primeiramente, abordamosas diferentes ciências do Léxico estudadas por Boutin--Quesnel (1985, Barbosa (1994,1995, Barros (2004,dando ênfase maior nas orientações teórico-metodológicasda Socioterminologia (FAULSTICH, 1995, 1996, 1998,2006. Em seguida, expomos os procedimentos tanto dametodologia de campo quanto da metodologia da organizaçãodo Glossário da Terminologia do Sal - GLOSSAL(SILVA, 2007. Depois, apresentamos uma amostra dosverbetes, as análises feitas a partir desse repertório e, porfim, as considerações finais quanto aos fatos linguísticos,observados nesse glossário. Desse modo, essa pesquisa sejustifica por possibilitar a divulgação de um produto terminográficodestinado, não só aos especialistas e pesquisadoresdas Ciências do Léxico, como também ao grandepúblico e aos interessados em aprofundar seus estudos naterminologia do sal.Palavras-chave: Sal. Indústria do Sal. Terminologia. Socioterminologia.Glossário.

  14. Prática da ginástica laboral por trabalhadores das indústrias do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Stretching programs among industrial workers from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luana Callegaro Rossato

    2013-03-01

    in the workplace among industrial workers in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was developed with a probabilistic sample of 2.265 workers of both sexes. We used the questionnaire "Lifestyle and Leisure Habits of Industry Workers", previously validated and used in studies with adults. The participation on stretching programs in the workplace was the outcome defined by the positive response to the question: "Have you been enjoying the stretching program at your company?". Other variables included demographic, socioeconomic, health-related behaviors, work-related behaviors, and personal perception indicators. For the analysis of the data we used the statistical program Stata, version 9.0 (Stata Corporation, College Station, USA, including procedures for descriptive statistics, CI95%, mean and standard deviation, and analytical statistics, with unadjusted and adjusted analysis. The prevalence of the participation on stretching programs was 40.3% (CI95%: 38.2, 42.3, associated with being women, higher educational levels, practice of leisure-time physical activity, and lower intensities of physical demands on the job. Being women and higher levels of education were the factors most strongly associated with the occurrence of such behavior. No significant differences were found considering age, marital status, family income, smoking, perceived health status and perceived level of stress. Thus, the exercise breaks on stretching programs should follow strategies for health promotion, with focus on male workers, those with less education, physically inactive during leisure time, and those that engage in strenuous activities at work, so that better working conditions, health and wellness are reached.p.

  15. Prevalência de depressão e fatores associados em comunidade de baixa renda de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Prevalence of depression and associated factors in a low income community of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Vivian da Cunha

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência e os fatores demográficos e socioeconômicos associados à depressão em adultos e idosos em uma comunidade de baixa renda de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado com adultos com >20 anos de idade residentes nos distritos sanitários da Restinga e Extremo Sul, na cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, de julho a dezembro de 2009. A variável dependente do estudo foi a depressão, avaliada pela Escala de Depressão Pós-Natal de Edimburgo. As variáveis independentes foram sexo, idade, situação conjugal atual, escolaridade e nível econômico. Empregou-se teste qui-quadrado de Pearson na análise bruta e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta na análise ajustada. RESULTADOS: Dentre os entrevistados, a prevalência de depressão encontrada foi de 16,1% (IC95%: 14,9%; 17,4%. Após análise ajustada, observou-se que a depressão esteve associada ao sexo feminino (RP = 2,38. Além disso, observou-se tendência de maiores ocorrência de depressão conforme o aumento da faixa etária e diminuição dos níveis de escolaridade e renda. CONCLUSÕES: Os valores de depressão encontrados foram semelhantes a outros estudos populacionais. Atenção específica deve ser destinada a mulheres e indivíduos de baixa escolaridade, que apresentaram maiores ocorrências de depressão.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with depression in adults and in the elderly in a low income community of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adults with > 20 years of age living in the Health Districts of Restinga/Extremo Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, between July and December 2009. The dependent variable was depression measured by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Independent variables were sex, age, current marital status, educational level and economic level. The Chi-square test was used for the

  16. Assistência médico-sanitária na região Taquari-Antas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Health medical care in Taquari-Antas Region, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Yunes

    1972-06-01

    1.000 habitantes. Na rede das unidades sanitárias existem apenas 10 profissionais de enfermagem concentrados em 5 municípios, ou seja, 45 municípios não contam com este tipo de profissional em seus Centros de Saúde. Portanto, existe uma proporção bem maior de médicos que de enfermagem, embora o padrão daquele esteja também baixo.The health care system was studied in the Taquari-Antas Region (State of Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil, it is composed of 50 cities with a population of nearly 1,300,000 inhabitants, about 20.0% of the population of the State. The health centers network of the Region is composed of 47 units and there is no homogeneity since the 13th Sanitary Region is the best of them and it has 22,300 inhabitants for each unit center while for other regions the range is of 53,500 to 73,500 inhabitants. The output in the medical attendance was very low, that is each physician gives an average of 0.4 medical attendance per hour while in the capital of the State (Porto Alegre this rate was 1.5. The public network of the tuberculosis dispensary has 27 units works integrated with the health unit center except one case, forming the polivalent health unit. The proportion of inhabitants for each tuberculosis dispensary is 631,450 inhabitants while tor the capital and for the State this rate is respectively 238,060 and 255,220 inhabitants. The network for the leprous dispensary is composed of 37 units with a proportion of 123,900 inhabitants for each unit. The Taquari-Antas Region presents a proportion that is better than the State and the Capital since this proportion is respectively 186,243 and 315,530 inhabitants. The Mental Health services works integrated with the health unit centers through its 10 out-patient clinic with a psychiatrist physician in each of them. The region has one out-patient clinic for each 681,454 inhabitants, while for the State this proportion is 689,100 and in the Capital this proportion is 233,250 inhabitants. Related to health

  17. Doenças de ovinos da região Central do Rio Grande do Sul: 361 casos Diseases of sheep from central Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: 361 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel R. Rissi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram pesquisados os arquivos do Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária (LPV da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM e revisados os diagnósticos de doenças de ovinos realizados entre 1990 e 2007. No período estudado foram realizados 19.476 exames de animais domésticos. Desses, 6.816 (34,9% correspondiam a necropsias e 12.660 (65,1% a exames histopatológicos realizados em materiais enviados por veterinários de campo. Materiais provenientes de experimentos em ovinos foram excluídos deste estudo, sendo obtidas 354 (5,1% necropsias e 163 (1,2% exames histopatológicos de ovinos. O diagnóstico foi conclusivo em 265 (74,8% casos de necropsias e em 96 (59% casos dos exames histopatológicos, somando 361 casos conclusivos. Esses casos foram divididos em grupos conforme a etiologia: 150 casos (41,6% de intoxicações e toxiinfecções; 142 casos (39,3% de doenças infecciosas e parasitárias; 31 casos (8,6% de doenças metabólicas e nutricionais; 13 casos (3,6% de neoplasmas e lesões tumoriformes; sete casos (1,9% de distúrbios causados por agentes físicos; seis casos (1,7% de distúrbios iatrogênicos; e quatro casos (1,1% de distúrbios do desenvolvimento. Oito casos (2,2% foram classificados em outros distúrbios por não se enquadrarem em nenhum dos outros grupos. Hemoncose e intoxicação por Nierembergia veitchii foram as doenças mais importantes para ovinos nesses 18 anos.An 18-year (1990-2007 database search in the files of the Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology (LPV of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil was carried out. In this period, 19,476 exams in domestic animals were done. Out of these exams, 6,816 (34.9% were necropsies and 12,660 (65.1% were performed in mailed samples from practitioners. Experimental cases were excluded from this study and corresponded to 54 necropsies and 15 histopathologic exams. After the exclusion 354 (5.1% necropsies and 163 (1.2% histopathologic exams

  18. Gastrointestinal parasites of sheep, municipality of Lajes, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Parasitos do trato gastrintestinal de ovinos, município de Lajes, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima de Souza

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the gastrointestinal parasitism by helminths and protozoa in sheep (Ovis aries Santa Inês breed, municipality of Lajes, Rio Grande do Norte. Monthly, from April 2005 to August 2007, stool samples were collected from two tracer lambs in the first day of the experiment and performed a necropsy of these animals in 44th day. A total of 64 lambs were sampled, but only 62 lambs were slaughtered. The fecal samples were examined by sedimentation in water. The contents of the abomasum, small intestine and large intestine were examined for the recovery of helminths. The parasitological examination revealed eggs of the following groups of helminths: Strongyloidea, Strongyloides sp., Trichuris sp., and Moniezia sp. Also were found oocysts of Eimeria spp., cysts of Entamoeba ovis and Giardia duodenalis. The helminths identified from examining the contents were: Haemonchus contortus, Cooperia pectinata, Cooperia punctata, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Moniezia expansa, Oesophagostomum sp. Skrjabinema ovis and Trichuris sp.O presente estudo investigou o parasitismo gastrintestinal por helmintos e protozoários em ovinos (Ovis aries da raça Santa Inês, no município de Lajes, Rio Grande do Norte. Mensalmente, entre abril de 2005 e agosto de 2007, foram coletadas amostras fecais de dois cordeiros traçadores no primeiro dia do experimento e realizada a necropsia desses animais no 44º dia. O total de cordeiros amostrados foi 64, mas apenas 62 foram necropsiados. As amostras fecais foram examinadas pela técnica de sedimentação espontânea em água. Os conteúdos do abomaso, intestino delgado e intestino grosso dos cordeiros necropsiados foram examinados para a recuperação dos helmintos. Os exames parasitológicos evidenciaram ovos dos seguintes grupos de helmintos: Strongyloidea, Strongyloides sp. , Trichuris sp., e Moniezia sp. Também foram encontrados oocistos de Eimeria spp., cistos de Entamoeba ovis e de Giardia duodenalis

  19. Composição florística do componente arbóreo de um trecho de Floresta Atlântica na Área de Proteção Ambiental da Serra da Capoeira Grande, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil Floristic survey of the tree layer in an area of Atlantic Rainforest in Serra da Capoeira Grande Environmental Protection Area, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Luna Peixoto

    2004-03-01

    individuals plus species collected during random forays inside the forest. A total of 69 species were obtained, in 58 genera and 29 families. The most species-rich families were Leguminosae (13, Myrtaceae (6, Euphorbiaceae (5 and Bignoniaceae, Bombacaceae, Celastraceae, Flacourtiaceae, Moraceae, Rubiaceae and Solanaceae (3. The floristic composition of Serra da Capoeira Grande Environmental Protection Area was compared to 18 other forest areas in Rio de Janeiro State. Greater floristic similarity was observed between this forest and those near the sea at lower altitudes. Similarity was low for all forests, showing the high biological diversity of Rio de Janeiro forests.

  20. Feminicídios em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: iniquidades de gênero ao morrer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Nazareth Meneghel

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Feminicídios são assassinatos de mulheres decorrentes das desigualdades de gênero e representam a forma mais extrema da violência contra a mulher. O referencial teórico-metodológico utilizado neste estudo foi a teoria do patriarcado e a análise crítica do discurso. Foram analisados os discursos referentes ao relatório final de 64 inquéritos policiais categorizados como feminicídios, ocorridos na cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, no período de 2006 a 2010. As vítimas eram majoritariamente mulheres pobres, jovens e moradoras de regiões de periferia, havendo uma frequência elevada de prostitutas e mulheres executadas pelo tráfico; mortes não consideradas feminicídios pelos operadores policiais. Muitos inquéritos foram arquivados devido à ausência de provas e outros não foram nem ao menos iniciados. Nos inquéritos, havia discursos que desqualificavam e culpavam as vítimas, embora alguns criticassem as desigualdades entre homens e mulheres e identificassem os efeitos letais do machismo. Inquéritos policiais são fontes importantes para estudar o feminicídio na sociedade, agregando grande quantidade de informações sobre vítimas, agressores e cenários dos crimes.

  1. Sobre a ocorrência da Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 na Ilha Grande, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson A. de Araújo Filho

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem peta primeira vez a presença de Lutzomyia longipalpis na Praia Vermelha, praia localizada na Ilha Grande, litoral do Estado do Rio de Janeiro e acentuam a importância epidemiológica do achado.

  2. Perfil das intoxicações na infância atendidas pelo Centro de Informação Toxicológica do Rio Grande do Sul (CIT/RS, Brasil Caseload of poisoning among children treated by the Rio Grande do Sul State Toxicology Information Center (CIT/RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Luiza Job Ramos

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal descritivo analítico para estabelecer perfil das intoxicações em crianças de 0 a 4 anos, registradas no Centro de Informação Toxicológica do Rio Grande do Sul (CIT/RS, Porto Alegre, Brasil, 2003. Selecionados 1.311 casos, extraíram-se dados de crianças que sofreram intoxicação acidental individual dentro de suas residências. Em uma amostra do tipo aleatória sistemática de 286 pacientes, foram realizadas 21 entrevistas com responsáveis legais das crianças, utilizando-se instrumento estruturado. O perfil da intoxicação apresentou faixa etária de um ano; gênero masculino; via de exposição oral; agente tóxico localizado no chão da sala de estar ou no quarto; altura do móvel inferior a 30cm; horário da intoxicação entre 18h01-22h; tempo entre o acidente e a busca por uma conduta médica menor que 30 minutos; medicamento analgésico como agente tóxico; avaliação da intoxicação como não tóxica, evoluindo para a cura. Os dados indicam características relevantes quanto ao horário da intoxicação e local em que se encontravam os agentes tóxicos. A definição do perfil permite orientar e incrementar campanhas de prevenção de acidentes tóxicos na infância promovidas pelos órgãos públicos de saúde.This was an analytical, descriptive, cross-sectional study to establish the profile of poisonings among children 0 to 4 years of age reported to the Rio Grande do Sul State Toxicology Information Center (CIT/RS in Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2003. A total of 1,311 cases were selected and data were extracted on children who had suffered individual accidental poisoning inside the home. From a systematic random sample of 286 patients, 21 interviews were held with the children's parents or guardians, using a structured instrument. The typical profile of poisoning featured: < 1 year age bracket; male gender; oral exposure; poisonous agent located on living room or bedroom floor; furniture height < 30cm; time

  3. Standard mapping of the environment sensibility of oil to Lagoa dos Patos, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Padronizacao do mapeamento da sensibilidade ambiental a derramamento de oleo para a Lagoa dos Patos, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dias, Felipe C; Griep, Gilberto H [Fundacao Universidade do Rio Grande (FURG), RS (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The intense flow of fossil fuels in the inland waters of Patos Lagoon (LP) - Rio Grande do Sul, justifies the importance of preventive actions to claims by oil and derivatives within the lagoon. The mapping and classification of coastline environmental sensitivity for oil spills (Cartas SAO) is fundamental tool for this type of action. Therefore, since 2001, the Laboratory of Geological Oceanography (LOG) of Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG) has developed the mapping SAO for the LP. In this work, through review of raw data from the database of LOG, and taking into account the methodology proposed by the Ministry of Environment (MMA, 2004), gave up a strategic projection of standardized environmental sensitivity of the oil spill to Patos Lagoon. This new account also enable a better understanding of the lagoon ecosystem, enables comparisons between its different areas, facilitating the planning and decision-making, allowing the management for faster action-in response. Like, highlights the regions of the estuary of the LP, the delta of the Camaqua River and Casamento Lagoon as the areas of greater sensitivity to environmental spillage of oil from Patos Lagoon. (author)

  4. STEM education for teachers in the Rio Grande Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ries, Judit Gyorgyey; Baguio, Margaret R.

    2015-11-01

    We have worked with elementary and middle school teachers in the Rio Grande Valley for the last 10 years bringing Earth and Space Science themed workshops to underserved areas of Texas. The Texas curriculum was also changed to include Astronomy and Space Science requirement in the tests students need to take to prove their academic preparedness. The teachers worked through a variety of inquiry-based, hands-on activities after a short presentation on the background science. In order to evaluate our effectiveness, we have asked the teachers to take pre- and post-workshop tests, and we asked them to fill out a self-reflective survey. We will report on our experiences, what works best with the teachers, and in what areas we still have a long way to go.This work was supported by various NASA education grants and Cooperative agreements, as well as grants provided by the Texas Space Grant Consortium.

  5. Composição florística de uma comunidade savânica no Rio Grande do Norte, Nordeste do Brasil Floristic composition of a savanna community in Rio Grande do Norte, northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cláudia Pereira de Oliveira

    2012-09-01

    species recorded, 73 are associated with Cerrado, 69 also with Caatinga, 60 with Atlantic Forest, 47 with Amazonian forest, 14 with the Pantanal and 11 with the Pampa flora. Thirty-nine species are first listed for Rio Grande do Norte (RN; Stylosanthes gracilis Kunth (Fabaceae and Aristida laevis (Nees Kunth (Poaceae are first records for the Northeast of Brazil. Aspilia procumbens Baker (Asteraceae showed a restricted distribution in the state and is listed as critically endangered. Stilpnopappus cearensis Hobber is listed as vulnerable to extinction. It was concluded that this area can be floristically classified as Cerrado, which points to a key area for conservation.

  6. Quality of Schizolobium parahyba seeds and seedlings from Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edicléia Aparecida Iensen Cherobini

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to study the vigor and the quality of Schizolobium parahyba seeds from samples of three differentstates, Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Santa Catarina (SC and Paraná (PR and to evaluate the seedlings quality produced by these seeds.The seeds were submitted to evaluations of moisture content, germination, vigor and healthy. The seedlings quality was evaluated byhard seeds, dead seeds, emergence, seedling height, root length, collar diameter, fresh and dry weight of seedlings. On the seedsevaluations, the samples from SC and PR presented better results for first count of germination, dry matter and accelerate aging. Thefungi associated to the seeds were Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Penicillium sp. and Trichoderma sp. About the seedlings evaluations,seeds from PR showed the bests results when the differences between tests were significant (emergence, root length and dry weight ofseedlings. Some of the labs variables had correlation with the seedlings variables.

  7. Abundance and species richness of snakes along the Middle Rio Grande riparian forest in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heather L. Bateman; Alice Chung-MacCoubrey; Howard L. Snell; Deborah M. Finch

    2009-01-01

    To understand the effects of removal of non-native plants and fuels on wildlife in the riparian forest of the Middle Rio Grande in New Mexico, we monitored snakes from 2000 to 2006 using trap arrays of drift fences, pitfalls, and funnel traps. We recorded 158 captures of 13 species of snakes from 12 study sites. We captured more snakes in funnel traps than in pitfalls...

  8. Ectoparasitic crustaceans on mullet, Mugil curema (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae in the coastal waters of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil = Crustáceos ectoparasítos em tainha, Mugil curema (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae nas águas costeiras do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizete Teresinha Santos Cavalcanti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available White mullet is a commercial fish species abundant in the coastal waters of Brazil. This study investigated the occurrence of crustacean ectoparasites on white mullet, Mugil curema captured from the littoral waters of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. From 2006 to 2007, 31 individuals of M. curema were captured and encountered ectoparasites were observed, identified and counted. M. curema was parasitized by ectoparasitic crustaceans, caligid copepods, Caligus bonito and Caligus sp.; ergasilid copepods, Ergasilus versicolor andE. lizae; and isopod Cymothoa spinipalpa. Of the caligids detected, 66.66% were C. bonito and 33.33% Caligus sp. C. bonito occurred on males of M. curema during the drought season and Caligus sp. occurred on females during the rainy season. The prevalence of both caligidspecies was 3.23%. Of the ergasilids detected, E. versicolor (91.67% occurred during the drought and rainy seasons, whereas E. lizae (8.33% occurred during the rainy season. Prevalence of E. versicolor was 35.48% and E. lizae was 3.23%. C. spinipalpa was detected during the drought and rainy seasons with a prevalence of 16.13%. The preferred site of fixation by the parasites was the branchial chambers.As tainhas são peixes marinhos de valor comercial, abundantes em águas costeiras brasileiras. O presente estudo investigou a ocorrência de crustáceos ectoparasitos na tainha, Mugil curema no litoral do Rio Grande do Norte. Foram capturados 31 exemplares de M. curema no período de março de 2006 a março de 2007 e os ectoparasitos encontrados foram coletados, observados, identificados e quantificados. M. curema foi parasitado por vários crustáceosectoparasitos: caligídeos: Caligus bonito e Caligus sp.; ergasilídeos: Ergasilus versicolor e E. lizae; e isópode Cymothoa spinipalpa. Dos caligídeos detectados 66,66% foi de C. bonito e 33,33% de Caligus sp. Caligus bonito ocorreu somente nos machos de M. curema durante a estação seca e Caligus sp

  9. Prevalência, reconhecimento e controle da hipertensão arterial sistêmica no estado do Rio Grande do Sul Prevalence, awareness, and control of systemic arterial hypertension in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iseu Gus

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência dos fatores de risco das doenças cardiovasculares, em particular, a hipertensão arterial sistêmica na população adulta do RS, seu nível de reconhecimento e controle, além dos fatores associados. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, de base populacional, com amostragem aleatória por conglomerado, em 918 adultos >20 anos, realizada de 1999-2000, tendo hipertensão arterial sistêmica definida como pressão arterial >140/90 ou uso atual de anti-hipertensivos. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica foi de 33,7% (n=309, sendo que 49,2% desconheciam ser hipertensos; 10,4% tinham conhecimento de ser hipertensos, mas não seguiam o tratamento; 30,1% seguiam o tratamento, mas não apresentavam controle adequado e 10,4% seguiam tratamento anti-hipertensivo com bom controle. Após análise multivariada, as características associadas significativamente com a presença de hipertensão arterial sistêmica foram: idade (OR=1,06, obesidade (OR=3,03 e baixa escolaridade (OR=1,82; as mesmas características foram associadas à falta de reconhecimento da hipertensão: idade (OR=1,05, obesidade (OR=2,46 e baixa escolaridade (OR=2,17. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica no RS manteve-se em níveis constantes nas últimas décadas, e seu grau de reconhecimento apresentou discreta melhora. Entretanto, o nível de controle da hipertensão arterial sistêmica não apresentou crescimento. Este estudo permitiu definir um grupo-alvo - pessoas de maior idade, obesas e de baixa escolaridade - tanto para campanhas diagnósticas, como para a obtenção de maior controle de níveis pressóricos.OBJECTIVE: To report the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, particularly of systemic arterial hypertension, in the adult population of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in addition to the public's level of awareness, hypertensive control, and associated factors. METHODS: A cross

  10. O crescimento da Nectandra megapotamica Mez., em floresta nativa na depressão central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul The growth of the Nectandra megapotamica Mez., in natural forest in the central depression of the State of the Rio grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helio Tonini

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de estudar o crescimento em diâmetro, volume comercial, fator de forma comercial e incremento corrente anual do volume comercial em porcentagem (ICA% para duas árvores dominantes de canela-preta (Nectandra megapotamica, em uma Floresta Estacional Decidual, localizada no município de Santa Maria na depressão central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os dados foram obtidos mediante análise de tronco e as tendências de crescimento em diâmetro, volume comercial, fator de forma e ICA%, foram ajustados com a utilização dos modelos de Mitscherlich & Sontag (1982, Backman (1943, Richards (1959, e um modelo parabólico do segundo grau. O ajuste dos modelos indicou que, para as variáveis diâmetro e volume comercial, o melhor modelo foi o de Mitscherlich & Sontag, para a árvore 1,sendo que, para a árvore 2, o modelo de Richards apresentou melhor ajuste. Para o incremento corrente anual do volume comercial em porcentagem, o melhor modelo foi o de Backmam, sendo o modelo parabólico, o de melhor ajuste para o fator de forma comercial.This work was carried out with the objective of studying the growth in diameter, commercial volume, form factor, mean annual increment of the commercial volume in percentage for two dominant trees of Nectandra megapotamica, in a Decidual Seasonal Forest, located in the municipal district of Santa Maria in the central depression of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The data were obtained from stem analysis and the growth trend in diameter, commercial volume, form factor and mean annual increment of the commercial volume in percentage, were fitted using the models of Mitscherlich & Sontag (1982, Backman (1943, Richards (1959, and a second degree parabolic model. The adjustment of the models indicated that for the diameter and commercial volume, the best model was that one from Mitscherlich & Sontag, for tree number one and for tree number two, the Richard's model

  11. Groundwater hydrology and estimation of horizontal groundwater flux from the Rio Grande at selected locations in Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2009–10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Dale R.; Oelsner, Gretchen P.; McCoy, Kurt J.; Goeff J.M. Moret,; Jeffery A. Worthington,; Kimberly M. Bandy-Baldwin,

    2016-03-17

    The Albuquerque area of New Mexico has two principal sources of water: (1) groundwater from the Santa Fe Group aquifer system, and (2) surface water from the Rio Grande. From 1960 to 2002, pumping from the Santa Fe Group aquifer system caused groundwater levels to decline more than 120 feet while water-level declines along the Rio Grande in Albuquerque were generally less than 40 feet. These differences in water-level declines in the Albuquerque area have resulted in a great deal of interest in quantifying the river-aquifer interaction associated with the Rio Grande.In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation, acting as fiscal agent for the Middle Rio Grande Endangered Species Collaborative Program, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, began a study to characterize the hydrogeology of the Rio Grande inner valley alluvial aquifer in the Albuquerque area of New Mexico. The study provides hydrologic data in order to enhance the understanding of rates of water leakage from the Rio Grande to the alluvial aquifer, groundwater flow through the aquifer, and discharge of water from the aquifer to riverside drains. The study area extends about 20 miles along the Rio Grande in the Albuquerque area. Piezometers and surface-water gages were installed in paired transects at eight locations. Nested piezometers, completed at various depths in the alluvial aquifer, and surface-water gages, installed in the Rio Grande and riverside drains, were instrumented with pressure transducers. Water-level and water-temperature data were collected from 2009 to 2010.Water levels from the piezometers indicated that groundwater movement was usually away from the river towards the riverside drains. Annual mean horizontal groundwater gradients in the inner valley alluvial aquifer ranged from 0.0024 (I-25 East) to 0.0144 (Pajarito East). The median hydraulic conductivity values of the inner valley alluvial aquifer, determined from slug tests, ranged from 30

  12. Intoxicação exógena por medicamentos na população jovem do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Inês Klinger

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Justificativa e objetivos: a grande variedade de medicamentos disponíveis no mercado, trouxe importantes mudanças no aspecto de utilização de medicamentos, porém, surgem também, problemas relacionados com estes produtos, dentre estes, a intoxicação exógena, considerada um problema mundial no âmbito da saúde, principalmente entre mulheres. O objetivo do estudo foi analisar os dados notificados por intoxicação exógena por medicamentos entre adultos jovens do Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo descritivo ecológico sobre os casos de intoxicação exógena por medicamentos de indivíduos entre 20 e 39 anos de idade, do Rio Grande do Sul, notificados nos anos de 2011 a 2015, no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN. Resultados: foram encontradas 1.278 notificações de intoxicações exógenas ocasionadas por medicamentos. Destas, 76,29% eram do sexo feminino, 85,21% eram brancos, 25,98% tinham o ensino fundamental incompleto e 85,52% residiam na zona urbana. Do total de casos notificados, destacam-se os 1.038 casos de tentativa de suicídio (81,28%, seguidos dos 68 casos por automedicação (5,32%. Conclusões: a intoxicação exógena por medicamentos entre adultos jovens no Rio Grande do Sul é grave e preocupante, apontando a importância de medidas educativas de prevenção e promoção da saúde nessa população. ESCRITORES: Medicamentos. Intoxicação. Adulto jovem.

  13. Unequal Advances in the Coverage of Psychosocial Care Centers in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, From 2009 to 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdeci Degiampietro Vaz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Centers for Psychosocial Care (CAPS are mental health services and community open the Unified Health System (SUS. With the advancement of public mental health in the reorientation of a care model that for decades was reduced to the supply of beds in psychiatric hospitals, generating segregation and exclusion of patients with mental disorders. Considering Ordinance of the Ministry of Health GM/MS No. 336 of February 19, 2002, laying down the rules and guidelines for the organization of services that provide mental health care. This objective of this study was to determine whether there was an increase in the coverage of CAPS in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, from 2009 to 2010.

  14. The evolution of sheep production in Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay: a comparative analysis of structural change Evolução da produção ovina no Rio Grande do Sul e Uruguai: análise comparativa de mudança estrutural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Garibaldi Almeida Viana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study intended to analyze comparatively the evolution and the structural changes in sheep production in Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay, being the international wool crisis used as a reference point. The analysis method was based on an econometrics time series, and the analysis began with the estimation of models that used linear and semi logarithmic regression. The estimation of the models proved that there were structural changes in sheep production in these regions, and this estimation used the wool crisis as a point of reference. In Rio Grande do Sul after 1990, the variables of sheep stock, wool and sheep meat presented a negative variable in their posted annual growth rates, as they decreased by 5.9%, 5.6% and 5.6%, respectively. The negative growth rates in Uruguay for the same variables in the same period were 6.1%, 5.6% and 0.9%, respectively. The data models indicate that there was no return to a balanced situation after the changes caused by the crisis. Therefore, the sheep market was permanently affected, which dynamically determined the evolution of sheep production and was defined by changes and uncertainty.O artigo teve por objetivo analisar comparativamente a evolução e a mudança estrutural da produção ovina no Rio Grande do Sul e Uruguai utilizando como ponto de referência a crise internacional de lã. O método de análise baseou-se na econometria de séries temporais, partindo da estimação de modelos de regressão linear e semilogarítmica. A estimação dos modelos comprovou a mudança estrutural na produção ovina do Rio Grande do Sul e Uruguai, tendo como referência a crise da lã. No Rio Grande do Sul, as variáveis de rebanho ovino, produção de lã e de carne ovina apresentou uma variação negativa em sua taxa anual pós-1990 de 5,9%, 5,6% e 5,6%, respectivamente. No Uruguai, as taxas negativas foram de 6,1%, 5,6% e 0,9%, para as mesmas variáveis do período. Os dados dos modelos indicam que não houve

  15. A mulher na festa: regras, comportamentos e expectativas em relação às mulheres nos bailes de Rio Grande (década de 1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Pelissari

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura analisar o lugar da mulher nos bailes que aconteciam em Rio Grande na década de 1950. Por meio de “crônicas sociais” do jornal Rio Grande e de depoimentos de algumas freqüentadoras destas festas pode-se ter uma idéia de como se dava a diferenciação entre homens e mulheres nestes espaços e quais eram as regras e o comportamento esperado e adequado para as mulheres.

  16. Análise arqueométrica de cerâmica Tupiguarani da região central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, usando fluorescência de raios X por dispersão de energia (EDXRF Archaeometric analysis of Tupiguarani pottery from the central region of the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Akemy Tomiyoshi Bona

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence methodology (EDXRF was used to determine Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Fe, K, Mn, Pb, Rb, S, Si, Sr, Ti, V, Zn in pottery sherds from seven archaeological sites in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The potteries' chemical fingerprints from Ijuí River, Ibicuí Mirim River, Vacacaí Mirim River and Jacuí River were identified. Interactions between sites from the Jacuí River, Vacacaí Mirim River and Ibicui Mirim River could have occurred because some samples from these sites are overlapping in a principal component analysis (PCA graphic. The pottery provenance could be the same.

  17. Palinologia de espécies de Asteraceae de utilidade medicinal para a comunidade da Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ, Brasil Pollen morpology of species of Asteraceae with medicinal utility for the community from Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Neto Galvão

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho trata da morfologia polínica e de descrições taxonômicas de 12 espécies de Asteraceae correspondentes em 12 diferentes gêneros, distribuídos em nove tribos. Todas as espécies estudadas são utilizadas como medicamentos pelos moradores da Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro. Neste estudo objetivou-se caracterizar os tipos polínicos das espécies usadas por esta comunidade e fornecer chaves diagnósticas de caracteres macromorfológicos e micromorfológicos que auxiliem a identificação das mesmas. A identificação taxonômica e palinológica correta é pré-requisito para estudos que validem a eficácia e segurança terapêutica dessas espécies. Deve-se considerar, ainda, que a utilização desses conhecimentos é importante para a comunidade, como por exemplo, na melissopalinologia. Os grãos de pólen foram acetolisados, medidos, descritos e ilustrados sob microscopia de luz. Para observar detalhes da superfície e abertura, grãos de pólen não acetolisados foram analisados em microscópio eletrônico de varredura. Foram estudadas as características dos grãos de pólen como forma, tamanho, constituição da sexina e abertura. Os resultados mostraram que a morfologia polínica é bem definida entre as espécies estudadas, podendo ser usada para sua identificação e sustenta o caráter euripalinológico de Asteraceae.This study is a palynologycal characterization and taxonomic description of 12 species within 12 genera, distributed in nine tribes from Asteracaeae. All studied species are used as medicines by people from Vila Dois Rios and they occur in Ilha Grande. This work aimed to characterize the pollen grains of medicinal species of Asteraceae from Vila Dois Rios and provide diagnostic keys based on macromorphological and pollen characters to help their identification, since the correct taxonomic and palynological recognition of these species is necessary for further studies on therapeutic

  18. Controle do carrapato Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae em sistemas de produção de leite da microrregião fisiográfica fluminense do grande Rio - Rio de Janeiro Control of the cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae in dairy farm systems of the physiographic microrregion of grande Rio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juracy de Castro Borba Santos Júnior

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi analisar os métodos de controle do carrapato Boophilus microplus realizados em três fazendas representativas dos sistemas de produção de leite da Microrregião Fisiográfica Fluminense do Grande Rio, Rio de Janeiro, levando-se em consideração o manejo das fazendas, o grau de sangue Bos taurus e Bos indicus dos rebanhos, os fatores climáticos e a prevalência estacional do carrapato. Para efeito de avaliação, foi utilizada a contagem periódica de fêmeas ingurgitadas medindo entre 4,5 e 8mm, no antímero direito de 20% das vacas em lactação de cada fazenda, durante um ano. A diferença no manejo das pastagens, a composição genética dos rebanhos e as condições climáticas influenciaram a prevalência estacional de B. microplus. A maior lotação animal por hectare, o elevado "stand" vegetativo das pastagens e o maior grau de sangue B. taurus contribuíram para as maiores infestações de carrapatos nas fazendas. O controle de B. microplus realizado pelos proprietários teve importância secundária em relação as outras atitudes de manejo dos rebanhos. Ficou evidenciado o uso excessivo e ineficiente de produtos químicos para o controle de B. microplus nas fazendas. Para implantação de medidas de controle estratégico do B. Microplus, fazem-se necessários esforços para a transferência e adoção dos resultados de pesquisas disponíveis aos produtores rurais.The objective of the study was to analyse the control methods of the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus. The experiment was carried out on three farms of the dairy production systems of the Fluminense Physiographic Microregion of Grande Rio, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Farm management, the Bos indicus and Bos taurus composition of herds, climatic factors and seasonal variation in tick infestation level of cattle was taken into account. Counts of engorged female ticks, measuring between 4.5 and 8.0mm, in 20% of the lactating cows of each farm

  19. A preliminary riparian/wetland vegetation community classification of the Upper and Middle Rio Grande watersheds in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paula Durkin; Esteban Muldavin; Mike Bradley; Stacey E. Carr

    1996-01-01

    The riparian wetland vegetation communities of the upper and middle Rio Grande watersheds in New Mexico were surveyed in 1992 through 1994. The communities are hierarchically classified in terms of species composition and vegetation structure. The resulting Community Types are related to soil conditions, hydrological regime, and temporal dynamics. The classification is...

  20. Geochronology Intermediary Laboratory implantation at the Rio Grande do Norte Federal University: the dating of the Serrinha Granitoid (RN) and the correlate Brasiliana extensional deformation; Implantacao do Laboratorio Intermediario de Geocronologia na UFRN: a datacao do granitoide de Serrinha (RN) e da deformacao extensional brasiliana correlata

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macedo, Maria Helena F.; Sa, Emanuel F. Jardim de; Souza, Zorano S. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Pesquisa em Geodinamica e Geofisica; Mendes, Franklin S. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Curso de Quimica; Ramalho, Karlos A.C. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Curso de Geologia

    1997-12-31

    The article describes the activities developed by the Geochronology Intermediary Laboratory at the Federal University of the Rio Grande do Norte, a Brazilian university, where there were the preoccupation of establishing strategies for a geochronological development. It relates the Rubidium-Strontium (Rb/Sr) and Samarium-Neodymium (Sm/Nd) methods, describing the analysis realized in these methodologies. Afterward, it presents the geological and petrographic situation of the Granitoide de Serrinha, located at Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil and its geochronological data 8 refs., 2 figs.

  1. Environmental contaminants and biomarker responses in fish from the Rio Grande and its U.S. tributaries: Spatial and temporal trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, C.J.; Hinck, J.E.; Blazer, V.S.; Denslow, N.D.; Dethloff, G.M.; Bartish, T.M.; Coyle, J.J.; Tillitt, D.E.

    2005-01-01

    We collected, examined, and analyzed 368 fish of seven species from 10 sites on rivers of the Rio Grande Basin (RGB) during late 1997 and early 1998 to document temporal and geographic trends in the concentrations of accumulative contaminants and to assess contaminant effects on the fish. Sites were located on the mainstem of the Rio Grande and on the Arroyo Colorado and Pecos River in Texas (TX), New Mexico (NM), and Colorado. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) were the targeted species. Fish were examined in the field for internal and external visible gross lesions, selected organs were weighed to compute ponderal and organosomatic indices, and samples of tissues and fluids were obtained and preserved for analysis of fish health and reproductive biomarkers. Whole fish from each station were composited by species and gender and analyzed for organochlorine chemical residues and elemental contaminants using instrumental methods, and for 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin-like activity (TCDD-EQ) using the H4IIE rat hepatoma cell bioassay. Overall, fish from lower RGB stations contained greater concentrations of organochlorine pesticide residues and appeared to be less healthy than those from sites in the central and upper parts of the basin, as indicated by a general gradient of residue concentrations and biomarker responses. A minimal number of altered biomarkers and few or no elevated contaminant concentrations were noted in fish from the upper RGB. The exception was elevated concentrations [up to 0.46 ??g/g wet-weight (ww)] of total mercury (Hg) in predatory species from the Rio Grande at Elephant Butte Reservoir, NM, a condition documented in previous studies. Arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) concentrations were greatest in fish from sites in the central RGB; Se concentrations in fish from the Pecos River at Red Bluff Lake, TX and from the Rio Grande at Langtry, TX and Amistad International Reservoir, TX exceeded published

  2. As estratégias das indústrias de farinha de trigo e de massas alimentícias do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascoal José Marion Filho

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa identifica as estratégias praticadas nas indústrias de farinha de trigo e de massas alimentícias do Rio Grande do Sul no ano de 2007. É uma pesquisa exploratória baseada nas estratégias competitivas de Porter (1980 e de Mintzberg (1988, que utiliza na análise dados de questionários respondidos pelas empresas. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que entre as estratégias de Porter, destacam-se a de custos mais baixos, na indústria de farinha de trigo, e a diferenciação, na indústria de massas. Entre as tipologias de Mintzberg, a qualidade do produto é considerada pelos gestores como sendo o grande diferencial competitivo nas duas indústrias.

  3. Paracoccidioidomycosis in southern Rio Grande do Sul: a retrospective study of histopathologically diagnosed cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Pereira de Souza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM is a systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and is endemic to Brazil. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of the PCM cases in the countryside south of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The files from four histopathology laboratories located in the city of Pelotas were obtained, and all of the epidemiological and clinical data from the PCM diagnosed cases were collected for analysis. A total of 123 PCM cases diagnosed between 1966 and 2009 were selected. Of these patients, 104 (84.5% were male, and 17 were female. The patients ranged from 02 to 92 years of age. Fifty-two cases (41.9% were obtained from the oral pathology laboratory, and the remaining 71 cases (58.1% were obtained from the three general pathology laboratories. Of all of the patients studied, 65.2% lived in rural zones and worked in agriculture or other related fields. Data on the evolution of this disease was available for 43 cases, and the time frame ranged from 20 to 2920 days (mean = 572.3 days. An accurate diagnosis performed in less than 30 days only occurred in 21% of the cases. PCM is endemic to the countryside of Rio Grande do Sul. Therefore, it is recommended that PCM be included as a differential diagnosis, mainly for individuals between 30 and 60 years of age, living in rural zones and who have respiratory signs and associated-oropharyngeal lesions.

  4. Prevalência de hemoglobinas anormais em recém-nascidos da cidade de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil Prevalence of abnormal hemoglobins in newborns in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Pignataro Emerenciano de Araújo

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available As hemoglobinopatias estão incluídas dentre as doenças hereditárias mais freqüentes nas populações humanas. Estudos realizados em diferentes regiões do Brasil têm demonstrado que as hemoglobinas anormais S e C são as mais prevalentes. Com o objetivo de investigar a prevalência de hemoglobinas anormais no período neonatal, foram analisadas 1.940 amostras de sangue de cordão umbilical provenientes de recém-nascidos de três maternidades da cidade de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Todas as amostras foram submetidas à eletroforese de hemoglobina em acetato de celulose utilizando tampão Tris-EDTA-Borato pH 8,5. As amostras que apresentaram hemoglobinas anormais foram submetidas à eletroforese em gel de ágar pH 6,2 para confirmação. Foram identificadas 37 (1,91% amostras com hemoglobinas anormais, das quais 29 (1,50% com traço falciforme (Hb FAS, 06 (0,31 % com Hb C, uma (0,05 % com anemia falciforme (Hb FS e uma (0,05 % apresentou Hb Bart's, sugerindo alfa talassemia. Os resultados encontrados evidenciam a necessidade de implantação da triagem de hemoglobinopatias em recém-nascidos na nossa população.Hemoglobinopathies are among the most prevalent hereditary diseases in humans. Studies in different areas of Brazil have identified the prevalence of S and C abnormal hemoglobins. The study analyzed 1,940 cord blood samples of newborns from maternity hospitals in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, to investigate the prevalence of abnormal hemoglobins. All samples were submitted to cellulose acetate electrophoresis using a Tris-EDTA-borate buffer at pH 8.5. Electrophoresis in agar gel pH 6.2 was performed on samples presenting abnormal hemoglobin. Some 37 (1.91% of the newborns presented hemoglobinopathies, as follows: 29 (1.50% sickle cell trait (Hb FAS, 6 (0.31% heterozygous Hb C (Hb FAC, one (0.05% homozygous Hb S (Hb FS, and one (0.05% Hb Barts suggestive of alpha thalassemia. The results show the need to implement screening for

  5. Thrips collected in watermelon crops in the semiarid of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewerton Marinho Costa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to report the occurrence of two species of thrips in watermelon crops in the semiarid region of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. From August to September 2011, we performed weekly sampling of thrips in a commercial watermelon production area with 10,000m2, using 20 Moericke traps. We captured a total of 431 thrips, belonging to Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom (Thripidae and Haplothrips gowdeyi (Franklin (Phlaeothripidae. This is the first report of H. gowdeyi in watermelon crops in Brazil

  6. Estrutura floral das angiospermas usadas por Heliconius erato phyllis (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Flower structure of angiosperms used by Heliconius erato phyllis (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudine A. Corrêa

    Full Text Available A field survey of flowering plants used as food resource by the adults of Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius, 1775 was carried out in four sites located in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Samples were taken in preserved areas of the Atlantic Rain and Myrtaceae forests, an Eucalyptus plantation, and an urban park. Adult feeding frequencies on flowers were registered monthly from December 1996 to May 1997, on plants located on previously marked 200 m long transects. Flowers on which H. erato phyllis fed in the field were collected, drawn and morphometrically characterized. Feeding was registered on flowers of twenty-three species, of which seventeen are new records for H. erato in Brazil . The use of a given plant varied among localities, as a function of its corresponding abundance. The most visited flowers were those of Lantana camara L. and Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich. Vahl, followed by Dahliapinnata Voss in the urban site. The data suggest the existence of size and shape convergence between the proboscis and the small, tubular flowers upon which H. eratophyllis feeds. They also indicate that H. eratophyllis adults have an opportunistic nectar feeding / pollen gathering habit, using several of those flowers available in a given time and locality that fit such a morphometrical pattern. Since plant species of both primitive and derived families are used, there is no indication that phylogenetic constraints play a major role in this association, nor that color of flowers, growth pattern or size of the plants are relevant in determining their use by H. erato phyllis.

  7. Equine Nasal rhinosporidiosis in the Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil - Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Darlan Bernardo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Bernardo F.D., Pazinato F.M., Alves C.E.F., Bueno V.L.C, Franciscato C. & Elias F. [Equine Nasal rhinosporidiosis in the Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil - Case Report.] Rinosporidiose nasal em eqüino do Sul do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil - Relato de caso. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veternária, 38(2:175-180, 2016. Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus Realeza, Av. Edmundo Gaievski 1000, Realeza, PR 85770-000, Brasil. E-mail: fabiobernardo104@gmail.com Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic infection characterized by the growth of polypoid structures in mucous membranes. The etiologic agent is Rinosporidium seeberi currently recognized as a protist parasite. It is suspected to be a water saprophyte which allows transmission through contact with contaminated water or even through inhalation, and this means mainly associated with human infection. Considering few cases described in Brazil and the need to better understand the epidemiology The aim of this study is to report a case of rhinosporidiosis on a horse two years. The animal, from the city of Pelotas, was treated at the Veterinary Clinical Hospital of the Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, where demonstrated sneezing and serous bilateral nasal discharge. Medial septal region in the left nostril there was the presence of granulomatous nodules polypoid with about three cm in diameter. The same friable consistency and reddish with small whitish granules. Since clinical parameters and blood counts were within the reference values for the species; and changes in airway endoscopy not were observed. Carried out surgical excision of the tumor mass by injecting local anesthesia and general anesthesia, dorsal buccal branch of the facial nerve. The procedure was performed with Allis clamp and scalpel aid and subsequent cauterization of the implantation base with liquid nitrogen. Mass of the fragments were immersed in 10% formalin for histopathology. Approximately 15 days

  8. O FIM DO ÚLTIMO GRANDE IMPÉRIO COLONIAL: LEMBRANÇAS DE UMA REPORTAGEM HISTÓRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Bissio

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Em 2015 completaram-se 40 anos do fim do último grande império colonial, que fora iniciado no século XV quando os navegantes portugueses dominavam os mares. Um império derrotado no século XX em território angolano, num dos últimos e mais dolorosos episódios do processo de emancipação do continente africano. A América Latina esteve presente nesse processo através de dois protagonistas com papeis diferentes, porém igualmente determinantes: um no plano diplomático e o outro no terreno militar, Brasil e Cuba. A data suscita uma reflexão sobre o custo em vidas humanas e em sacrifícios que alicerçou o caminho para a Angola do século XXI. Esta matéria reflete as lembranças de uma cobertura jornalística desse momento histórico.

  9. EMPODERAMENTO FEMININO NA CARREIRA DE MULHERES DOCENTES: ESTUDO EM UMA UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO INTERIOR DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    OpenAIRE

    Bibiana Giudice da Silva Cezar; Laura Alves SCherer; Kathiane Benedetti Corso

    2017-01-01

    Com o objetivo de analisar a influência do empoderamento feminino na carreira de mulheres docentes, realizou-se um estudo de caso, qualitativo, descritivo-exploratório, fazendo uso de entrevistas semiestruturadas com sete professoras de uma universidade pública do interior do Rio Grande do Sul. Seis dimensões do empoderamento feminino foram definidas como categorias a priori e analisadas pela técnica de análise de conteúdo: Econômica, Sociocultural, Familiar, Legal, Política e Psicológica. As...

  10. ESTRATÉGIAS REPRODUTIVAS DE SETE ESPÉCIES DE PEIXES DAS ÁGUAS COSTEIRAS DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Rocha de Oliveira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho verificou as estratégias reprodutivas de sete espécies de peixes marinhos da região costeira do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Traços da história de vida dos peixes em ambientes relativamente estáveis sugerem um modelo de três estratégias reprodutivas: (1 estrategistas oportunistas, são peixes de pequeno tamanho corporal com primeira maturação precoce, período de vida curto com baixa fecundidade; (2 estrategistas sazonais, são peixes de tamanho corporal intermediário, primeira maturação intermediária e fecundidade intermediária a alta; e (3 estrategistas de equilíbrio, são peixes de tamanho corporal grande, primeira maturação tardia com longo período de vida, além de alta fecundidade. Os aspectos reprodutivos de Hirundichythys affinis, Hemiramphus brasiliensis, Pomadasys corvinaeformis, Oligoplites palometa, Scomberomorus brasiliensis, Lutjanus synagris e Mugil curema foram verificados, considerando-se o tamanho do corpo, proporção sexual, comprimento de primeira maturação sexual, aspectos do desenvolvimento das gônadas, fecundidade, tipo de desova e período reprodutivo dos peixes. Os resultados indicam que H. affinis, H. brasiliensis, P. corvinaeformis e O. palometa podem ser considerados como estrategistas oportunistas. Entretanto, S. brasiliensis, L. synagris e M. curema podem ser considerados como estrategistas de equilíbrio. Este estudo fornece informações sobre os aspectos reprodutivos dos peixes dos estoques pesqueiros das águas costeiras do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil.

  11. Physical characteristics and fish assemblage composition at site and mesohabitat scales over a range of streamflows in the Middle Rio Grande, New Mexico, winter 2011-12, summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Christopher L.; Pearson, Daniel K.; Porter, Michael D.; Moring, J. Bruce

    2015-01-01

    In winter 2011–12 and summer 2012, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Albuquerque District and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service New Mexico Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office in Albuquerque, New Mexico, evaluated the physical characteristics and fish assemblage composition of available mesohabitats over a range of streamflows at 15 sites on the Middle Rio Grande in New Mexico. The fish assemblage of the Middle Rio Grande includes several minnow species adapted to hydrologically variable but seasonably predictable rivers, including theHybognathus amarus (Rio Grande silvery minnow), a federally listed endangered species. Gaining a better understanding of habitat usage by the Rio Grande silvery minnow was the impetus for studying physical characteristics and fish assemblages in the Middle Rio Grande during different streamflow conditions. Data were collected at all 15 sites during winter 2011–12 (moderate streamflow), and a subset was collected at the 13 most downstream sites in summer 2012 (low streamflow). Sites were grouped into four river reaches separated by diversion dams listed in downstream order (names of the diversion dams are followed by short names of the sites nearest each dam in parentheses, listed in downstream order): (1) Cochiti (Peña Blanca), (2) Angostura (Bernalillo, La Orilla, Barelas, Los Padillas), (3) Isleta (Los Lunas I, Los Lunas II, Abeytas, La Joya, Rio Salado), and (4) San Acacia (Lemitar, Arroyo del Tajo, San Pedro, Bosque del Apache I, and Bosque del Apache II). Stream habitat was mapped in the field by using a geographic information system in conjunction with a Global Positioning System. Fish assemblage composition was determined during both streamflow regimes, and fish were collected by seining in each mesohabitat where physical characteristic data (depth, velocity, dominant substrate type and size, and percent embeddedness) and water-quality properties (temperature

  12. Climatic zoning of conditions for the development of the larva of the mosquito that transmits the dengue fever virus in the State of Rio Grande do Sul - DOI: 10.3395/reciis.v3i2.146en

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Climatic zoning was carried out in the State of Rio Grande do Sul for the development of the larva of the mosquito that transmits the dengue fever virus, Aedes aegypti. The study used the average and the variability of the total monthly precipitation, the average number of days per ten day-periods with precipitation, the monthly average temperature charts of medium, maximum, and minimum temperatures, and the probability of occurrence of absolute minimum temperatures below 5°C. The study considered as preferable those regions with average temperature between 24 and 32°C; as tolerable those between 18 and 24°C; as marginal those between 5 and 18°C; and as unsuitable those below 5°C and above 40°C. It verified that hydric conditions in Rio Grande do Sul throughout the year are suitable for the development of the larva of the mosquito transmitter of the dengue virus fever, and that the most suitable thermal availabilities occur during the months of January, February, and December. The most suitable average temperatures occur mainly in the Climatic Regions of the Central Depression, High and Low Uruguayan Valley and Missions; whereas the marginal ones occur in the Northeastern Mountains, West of the Uplands, Southeastern Mountains, and Southern Shore.

  13. Assessment of potential Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, clays when subjected to high rates of heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Filgueira, R.L.; Pereira, L.M.; Dutra, R.P.S.; Nascimento, R.M.

    2009-01-01

    In this work we study three clays of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, to evaluate the potential them when subjected to high rates of heating. The samples were formed by pressing and subject to rates of 5 deg C / min, 10 deg C / min and 15 deg C / min, with temperature of 950 deg C. This study determined the technological properties of the samples. The mineralogical composition was identified by X-ray diffraction. The chemical composition was determined by Xray fluorescence. The Atterberg limits, were used to classify the samples on the plasticity. Were also performed: dilatometry, size analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The examination of the processing variables and the intrinsic characteristics of each material indicates that the RX clay showed the best results for the manufacture of blocks and tiles. The techniques used in this study were efficient and the initial objectives were achieved. (author)

  14. Usage and administration manual for a geodatabase compendium of water-resources data-Rio Grande Basin from the Rio Arriba-Sandoval County line, New Mexico, to Presidio, Texas, 1889-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burley, Thomas E.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, developed a geodatabase compendium (hereinafter referred to as the 'geodatabase') of available water-resources data for the reach of the Rio Grande from Rio Arriba-Sandoval County line, New Mexico, to Presidio, Texas. Since 1889, a wealth of water-resources data has been collected in the Rio Grande Basin from Rio Arriba-Sandoval County line, New Mexico, to Presidio, Texas, for a variety of purposes. Collecting agencies, researchers, and organizations have included the U.S. Geological Survey, Bureau of Reclamation, International Boundary and Water Commission, State agencies, irrigation districts, municipal water utilities, universities, and other entities. About 1,750 data records were recently (2010) evaluated to enhance their usability by compiling them into a single geospatial relational database (geodatabase). This report is intended as a user's manual and administration guide for the geodatabase. All data available, including water quality, water level, and discharge data (both instantaneous and daily) from January 1, 1889, through December 17, 2009, were compiled for the study area. A flexible and efficient geodatabase design was used, enhancing the ability of the geodatabase to handle data from diverse sources and helping to ensure sustainability of the geodatabase with long-term maintenance. Geodatabase tables include daily data values, site locations and information, sample event information, and parameters, as well as data sources and collecting agencies. The end products of this effort are a comprehensive water-resources geodatabase that enables the visualization of primary sampling sites for surface discharges, groundwater elevations, and water-quality and associated data for the study area. In addition, repeatable data processing scripts, Structured Query Language queries for loading prepared data sources, and a detailed process for refreshing all data in the

  15. Anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of beef cattle in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Fernanda; Portella, Luiza Pires; Rodrigues, Fernando de Souza; Reginato, Caroline Zamperete; Pötter, Luciana; Cezar, Alfredo Skrebsky; Sangioni, Luís Antônio; Vogel, Fernanda Silveira Flores

    2016-04-01

    Gastrointestinal nematodes resistant to anthelmintics have been reported in several regions of Brazil, and they may be associated with economic losses for the cattle industry. This study aimed to evaluate the resistance status of gastrointestinal nematodes from naturally infected beef cattle to several commercially available anthelmintics, as well as to test the efficacy of combinations of anthelmintics against multi-resistant gastrointestinal nematodes. Ten farms located in Rio Grande do Sul state were selected by: farmers' consent; extensive raising system; availability of calves aged from 7 to 9 months naturally infected by gastrointestinal nematodes; absence of anthelmintic treatment for 60 days before the study; and presence of 70-100 calves or more of both genders with ≥ 200 eggs per gram of feces (EPG) (sensitivity of 50 EPG). These calves were distributed into 10 groups (of 7-10 animals) per farm and treated with ivermectin, doramectin, eprinomectin, fenbendazole, closantel, nitroxynil, disophenol, levamisole, albendazole, or moxidectin. Feces were collected 2 days before treatment and 14 days after treatment. Additional groups of 7-10 calves were used to test six different two-drug combinations at four of the studied farms. In general terms, fenbendazole was the most effective drug, followed by levamisole, disophenol, and moxidectin. However, parasite resistance to multiple drugs was found in all herds, especially in the genera Cooperia spp., Trichostrongylus spp., and Haemonchus spp.. Some of the two-drug combinations were effective against nematode populations identified as resistant to the same compounds when used as single drugs. The most effective combinations were moxidectin + levamisole, doramectin + fenbendazole, and levamisole + closantel. In this study, parasites resistant to the main commercially available anthelmintics were found in all herds, and some combinations of two active components belonging to different chemical groups were effective

  16. Anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of beef cattle in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Fernanda; Portella, Luiza Pires; Rodrigues, Fernando de Souza; Reginato, Caroline Zamperete; Pötter, Luciana; Cezar, Alfredo Skrebsky; Sangioni, Luís Antônio; Vogel, Fernanda Silveira Flores

    2016-01-01

    Gastrointestinal nematodes resistant to anthelmintics have been reported in several regions of Brazil, and they may be associated with economic losses for the cattle industry. This study aimed to evaluate the resistance status of gastrointestinal nematodes from naturally infected beef cattle to several commercially available anthelmintics, as well as to test the efficacy of combinations of anthelmintics against multi-resistant gastrointestinal nematodes. Ten farms located in Rio Grande do Sul state were selected by: farmers' consent; extensive raising system; availability of calves aged from 7 to 9 months naturally infected by gastrointestinal nematodes; absence of anthelmintic treatment for 60 days before the study; and presence of 70–100 calves or more of both genders with ≥200 eggs per gram of feces (EPG) (sensitivity of 50 EPG). These calves were distributed into 10 groups (of 7–10 animals) per farm and treated with ivermectin, doramectin, eprinomectin, fenbendazole, closantel, nitroxynil, disophenol, levamisole, albendazole, or moxidectin. Feces were collected 2 days before treatment and 14 days after treatment. Additional groups of 7–10 calves were used to test six different two-drug combinations at four of the studied farms. In general terms, fenbendazole was the most effective drug, followed by levamisole, disophenol, and moxidectin. However, parasite resistance to multiple drugs was found in all herds, especially in the genera Cooperia spp., Trichostrongylus spp., and Haemonchus spp.. Some of the two-drug combinations were effective against nematode populations identified as resistant to the same compounds when used as single drugs. The most effective combinations were moxidectin + levamisole, doramectin + fenbendazole, and levamisole + closantel. In this study, parasites resistant to the main commercially available anthelmintics were found in all herds, and some combinations of two active components belonging to different chemical groups

  17. Aproveitamento de Água de Chuva em unidades Educacionais do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xaila Sant Anna Amaral

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Com este estudo objetivou-se avaliar os sistemas de aproveitamento de água de chuva em unidades educacionais do Rio Grande do Norte. Inicialmente, foi realizado um levantamento de informações sobre os sistemas de aproveitamento de água de chuva dos campi do IFRN. Em seguida, os campi foram visitados para validação das informações colhidas e verificação de outros elementos pertinentes (áreas da superfície de captação, tipos e volumes de reservatórios, estado físico das instalações, condições operacionais e destino da água armazenada. Posteriormente, 4 unidades educacionais foram selecionadas e monitoradas mensalmente entre março e setembro de 2014 a fim de caracterizar a água de chuva armazenada, físico-química e microbiologicamente. Os resultados revelam que a água armazenada apresentou qualidade compatível para irrigação de áreas verdes, apesar de descuidos operacionais e sanitários. Conclui-se que sistemas de captação e armazenamento podem compatibilizar o uso racional, eficiente e sanitário da água de chuva no Semiárido brasileiro.

  18. Ectoparasitic crustaceans on mullet, Mugil curema (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae in the coastal waters of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.6796 Ectoparasitic crustaceans on mullet, Mugil curema (Osteichthyes: Mugilidae in the coastal waters of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.6796

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sathyabama Chellappa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available White mullet is a commercial fish species abundant in the coastal waters of Brazil. This study investigated the occurrence of crustacean ectoparasites on white mullet, Mugil curema captured from the littoral waters of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. From 2006 to 2007, 31 individuals of M. curema were captured and encountered ectoparasites were observed, identified and counted. M. curema was parasitized by ectoparasitic crustaceans, caligid copepods, Caligus bonito and Caligus sp.; ergasilid copepods, Ergasilus versicolor and E. lizae; and isopod Cymothoa spinipalpa. Of the caligids detected, 66.66% were C. bonito and 33.33% Caligus sp. C. bonito occurred on males of M. curema during the drought season and Caligus sp. occurred on females during the rainy season. The prevalence of both caligid species was 3.23%. Of the ergasilids detected, E. versicolor (91.67% occurred during the drought and rainy seasons, whereas E. lizae (8.33% occurred during the rainy season. Prevalence of E. versicolor was 35.48% and E. lizae was 3.23%. C. spinipalpa was detected during the drought and rainy seasons with a prevalence of 16.13%. The preferred site of fixation by the parasites was the branchial chambers.White mullet is a commercial fish species abundant in the coastal waters of Brazil. This study investigated the occurrence of crustacean ectoparasites on white mullet, Mugil curema captured from the littoral waters of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. From 2006 to 2007, 31 individuals of M. curema were captured and encountered ectoparasites were observed, identified and counted. M. curema was parasitized by ectoparasitic crustaceans, caligid copepods, Caligus bonito and Caligus sp.; ergasilid copepods, Ergasilus versicolor and E. lizae; and isopod Cymothoa spinipalpa. Of the caligids detected, 66.66% were C. bonito and 33.33% Caligus sp. C. bonito occurred on males of M. curema during the drought season and Caligus sp. occurred on females during the rainy

  19. Murders of Transvestites and Transsexual in Rio Grande do Sul: crimes based in gender? Asesinatos de travestis y transexuales en Rio Grande do Sul: ¿crímenes basados ​​en el género? Assassinatos de Travestis e Transexuais no Rio Grande do Sul: crimes pautados em gênero?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Fabiano Guimarães

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Transvestites and transsexuals represent an exposed population to the different situations of vulnerabilities, in relation to sexual orientation, gender identities and relations with the society. We proposed this research to analyze the murders of this population in the Rio Grande do Sul, understood as homicides based in gender. This article presents the methodological changes throughout the process of the research that occurred during the immersion of researchers in the field, from four areas of analysis: context of the research; the murders of transvestites and transsexuals as gender murders; the process of data generation and the reflections to build of a comprehensive field. Through this study, we hope to contribute for building methodologies to address this issue.Travestis y transexuales son una población expuesta a diferentes situaciones de vulnerabilidad debido a la orientación sexual, identidad de género y las relaciones con la sociedad. Hemos propuesto este estudio para analizar los asesinatos de esta población en Rio Grande do Sul, entendidos como asesinatos por razones de género. Este artículo presenta los cambios metodológicos que se han producido durante el proceso de investigación y la inmersión de los investigadores en el campo, a partir de cuatro ejes: la contextualización de la investigación, los asesinatos de travestis y transexuales como homicidios de género, la generación de datos y reflexiones para apoyar la construcción de un campo explicativo. Con este estudio, esperamos poder contribuir a la construcción de metodologías para abordar esta cuestión.Travestis e transexuais constituem uma população exposta a diferentes situações de vulnerabilidade, devido à orientação sexual, identidade de gênero e relações com a sociedade. Propusemos esta pesquisa para analisar os assassinatos dessa população no Rio Grande do Sul, entendidos como homicídios baseados em gênero. Este artigo apresenta as mudan

  20. Annual suspended sediment and trace element fluxes in the Mississippi, Columbia, Colorado, and Rio Grande drainage basins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, A.J.; Elrick, K.A.; Smith, J.J.

    2001-01-01

    Suspended sediment, sediment-associated, total trace element, phosphorus (P), and total organic carbon (TOC) fluxes were determined for the Mississippi, Columbia, Rio Grande, and Colorado Basins for the study period (the 1996, 1997, and 1998 water years) as part of the US Geological Survey's redesigned National Stream Quality Accounting Network (NASQAN) programme. The majority (??? 70%) of Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni, Ba, P, As, Fe, Mn, and Al are transported in association with suspended sediment; Sr transport seems dominated by the dissolved phase, whereas the transport of Li and TOC seems to be divided equally between both phases. Average dissolved trace element levels are markedly lower than reported during the original NASQAN programme; this seems due to the use of 'clean' sampling, processing, and analytical techniques rather than to improvements in water quality. Partitioning between sediment and water for Ag, Pb, Cd, Cr, Co, V, Be, As, Sb, Hg, and Ti could not be estimated due to a lack of detectable dissolved concentrations in most samples. Elevated suspended sediment-associated Zn levels were detected in the Ohio River Basin and elevated Hg levels were detected in the Tennessee River, the former may affect the mainstem Mississippi River, whereas the latter probably do not. Sediment-associated concentrations of Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Co, Ba, Mo, Sb, Hg, and Fe are markedly elevated in the upper Columbia Basin, and appear to be detectable (Zn, Cd) as far downstream as the middle of the basin. These elevated concentrations seem to result from mining and/or mining-related activities. Consistently detectable concentrations of dissolved Se were found only in the Colorado River Basin. Calculated average annual suspended sediment fluxes at the mouths of the Mississippi and Rio Grande Basins were below, whereas those for the Columbia and Colorado Basins were above previously published annual values. Downstream suspended sediment-associated and total trace element fluxes

  1. Alterações nas concentrações de fósforo em solos cultivados com arroz irrigado no Rio Grande do Sul Phosphorus concentration changes in soils under flooded rice in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Kruger Gonçalves

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Os solos utilizados para a cultura de arroz irrigado por alagamento no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul são oriundos de diferentes materiais de origem, os quais conferem diferentes características mineralógicas e químicas, que alteram de forma diferenciada a disponibilidade de P para a cultura. Com o objetivo de verificar essas diferenças na disponibilidade de P para o arroz em solos oriundos de diferentes materiais de origem, conduziu-se um experimento fatorial, delineado em blocos ao acaso, em que cinco solos foram submetidos à ausência ou presença de superfosfato triplo. Os solos derivados de sedimentos de arenito e granito (Planossolos apresentaram redução mais rápida do Fe com liberação do P adsorvido, quando comparados aos solos derivados de sedimento de basalto. Os Planossolos apresentaram maior quantidade de P acumulado no arroz que o Vertissolo e Chernossolo, sem ou com a adição de superfosfato triplo. A adição de superfosfato triplo resultou em maior quantidade de P acumulado na planta para todos os solos.Soils used for production of flooded rice in the state of Rio Grande do Sul are originated from different parent materials, resulting in different characteristics that affect P availability for the crop. The aim of this paper was to verify the differences in P availability for rice in soils originated from different parent materials. The experiment was carried out in a complete randomized block design, where five soils were exposed to absence or presence of triple superphosphate. In the soils derived from sandstone and granite sediment a faster Fe reduction and release of adsorbed P was observed than in soils originated from basalt. The amount of accumulated P in rice was higher in the Planosol than the Vertisol and Mollisol, with and without triple superphosphate application. Triple superphosphate fertilization resulted in greater amounts of P accumulated in all soils.

  2. Symptoms of insomnia among adolescents in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Robert E; Lee, Eun Sul; Hemandez, Mike; Solari, Ana Cristina

    2004-06-15

    To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of insomnia among adolescents living along the United States-Mexico border and to examine whether ethnicity and birthplace affect risk for such symptoms. Cross-sectional school-based survey using a version of the 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, modified to elicit data on sleep problems. A probability sample of 13 high schools selected from more than 40 high schools in the 4 southernmost counties in Texas-the Lower Rio Grande Valley-contiguous with Mexico. All ninth-grade students who agreed to participate (n = 5,118). The sleep module consisted of queries about trouble initiating asleep, trouble maintaining sleep, early morning waking, nonrestorative sleep, quality of sleep, and amount of sleep. Symptoms of insomnia were common, with 12.4% of respondents meeting symptom criteria for insomnia almost every day of the past month. Females were more likely to report insomnia, as were youths reporting lower socioeconomic status. Crude odds ratios suggested foreign-born and those who identified themselves as "Mexican" rather than "Mexican American" were at lower risk of insomnia. However, multivariate analyses eliminated these differences. More comparative research is needed to ascertain whether and how ethnic culture affects risk for disordered sleep.

  3. Species of thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera in two strawberry production systems in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia M. J. Pinent

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Species of thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera in two strawberry production systems in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Thrips are tiny insects responsible for the reduction of strawberry fruit quality. The work aimed to record and quantify the thysanopterofauna present in two strawberry production systems, low tunnel and semi-hydroponic. Leaves, flowers and fruits were collected weekly, from July 2005 to December 2006 in Caxias do Sul and Bom Princípio municipalities, RS. A total of 664 individuals were collected, representing two families, four genus and 10 species: Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande, 1895, F. schultzei (Trybom, 1910, F. rodeos Moulton, 1933, F. simplex (Priesner, 1924, F. williamsi (Hood, 1915, F. gemina (Bagnall, 1919, Frankliniella sp., Thrips tabaci (Lindeman, 1888, Thrips tabaci (Lindeman, 1888, Caliothrips fasciatus (Pergande 1895 from Thripidae and Heterothrips sp. from Heterothripidae. Frankliniella occidentalis represented 89.7% of the samples with 95.8% of the species collected in flowers, 3.9% in fruits and 0.8% in leaves. The results show that flowers are the most important food resource for these insects on strawberry plants. Frankliniella rodeos, F. simplex, F. williamsi, C. fasciatus, and Heterothrips sp. are new records on strawberry for Brazil.

  4. Quantitative fidelity of recent freshwater mollusk assemblages from the Touro Passo River, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Fidelidade quantitativa de associações de moluscos límnicos recentes na bacia do rio Touro Passo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcemar R. Martello

    Full Text Available This study represents one of the first contributions to the knowledge on the quantitative fidelity of the recent freshwater molluscan assemblages in subtropical rivers. Thanatocoenoses and biocoenoses were studied in straight and meandering to braided sectors, in the middle course of the Touro Passo River, a fourth-order tributary of the Uruguay River, located in the westernmost part of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Samplings were carried out through quadrats of 5 m², five in each sector. A total area of 50 m² was sampled. Samplings were also made in a lentic environment (abandoned meander, with intermittent communication with the Touro Passo River, aiming to record out-of-habitat shell transportation from the lentic communities to the main river channel. The results show that, despite the frequent oscillation of the water level, the biocoenosis of the Touro Passo River shows high ecological fidelity and undergoes little influence from the lentic vicinal environments. The taxonomic composition and some features of the structure of communities, especially the dominant species, also reflect some ecological differences between the two main sectors sampled, such as the complexity of habitats in the meandering-sector. Regarding the quantitative fidelity, 60% of the species found alive were also found dead and 47.3% of the species found dead were also found alive, at river-scale. However, 72% of the dead individuals belong to species also found alive. This value might be related with the good rank order correlation obtained for live/dead assemblages. Consequently, the dominant species of the thanatocoenoses could be used to infer the ecological attributes of the biocoenoses. The values of all the indexes analyzed were very variable in small-scale samplings (quadrat, but were more similar to others registered in previous studies, when they were analyzed in a station and river scale.O presente estudo teve como objetivo apresentar uma das primeiras

  5. Soroepidemiologia da leptospirose canina na região metropolitana de Natal, estado do Rio Grande do Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annielle Regina da Fonseca Fernandes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este estudo determinar a frequência de cães soropositivos para anticorpos anti-Leptospira spp. no município de Natal e região metropolitana, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, e identificar fatores de risco associados à infecção. Foram examinadas 365 amostras de soro sanguíneo de cães atendidos na rotina de diversas clínicas veterinárias durante o período de março a novembro de 2011. O diagnóstico sorológico da leptospirose foi realizado pela técnica de soroaglutinação microscópica (SAM, utilizando-se 24 sorovares de Leptospira spp. como antígenos. Dos 365 cães, 25 foram soropositivos para pelo menos um dos sorovares de Leptospira spp., com frequência de 6,8%. Os sorovares com reações sorológicas mais frequentes foram Shermani (40%, Sentot (36% e Copenhageni (20%. O perfil epidemiológico da leptospirose canina na região metropolitana de Natal, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, indica que a infecção ocorre com frequência baixa em comparação com outras regiões, provavelmente devido ao grande percentual de animais vacinados, bem como, sugere-se distribuição homogênea de animais soropositivos na região. Por outro lado, a presença de roedores pode ser um importante fator de risco, uma vez que sorovares mantidos por estes animais foram identificados entre os mais frequentes.

  6. Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae a buccal cavity parasite of the marine fish, Oligoplites saurus (Bloch & Schneider (Osteichthyes, Carangidae of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae um parasito da cavidade bucal do peixe marinho, Oligoplites saurus (Bloch & Schneider (Osteichthyes, Carangidae do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vernon E. Thatcher

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae a buccal cavity parasite of the marine fish, Oligoplites saurus, is described on the basis of eight male specimens and one female. The fish hosts were captured in the coastal waters of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. In the new species, the anterior margin of the cephalon is doubled ventrally over the bases of the antennae. In this respect, it resembles C. recifea Thatcher & Fonseca, 2005. It differs from that species, however, in being much smaller and having basal carinae on the pereopods 4 to 7 that are small and rounded (not large and pointed. Also, pleopods 2-4 lack the folds and pockets that are present in C. recifea. The new species can be distinguished from all known Cymothoa spp. by the mandibular palps which are entirely covered with small spines in adult males. The mancas of the new species resemble those of Cymothoa oestrum since they have elongate antennae but they are wider and have shorter uropods.Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae, um parasito da cavidade bucal do peixe marinho, Oligoplites saurus, é descrita baseada em oito espécimes machos e uma fêmea Os peixes foram capturados nas águas costeiras de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Na nova espécie, a margem anterior do cefalon é dobrada ventralmente sobre as bases das antenas. Neste aspecto, ela assemelha-se a C. recifea Thatcher & Fonseca, 2005. Distingue-se dessa espécie, no entanto, pelo menor tamanho e pelas carinas dos pereópodos 4 a 7 que são relativamente pequenas e arredondadas (não grandes e ponte agudas. Aliás, os pleópodos 2-4 carecem das dobras e bolsos que são presentes em C. recifea. Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. distingue-se de todas as demais espécies de Cymothoa por ter palpos mandibulares completamente cobertos por espinhos nos machos adultos. As mancas têm antenas compridas e por isso parecem com as de Cymothoa oestrum mas distinguem-se por serem mais largas e de

  7. Distribution of cysts of Strongyluris sp. (Nematoda) in the pallial system of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 from Vila Dois Rios and Vila do Abraão, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, J L; Santos, S B

    2018-04-19

    This work aimed to assessing Strongyluris sp. cysts distribution pattern in the several inner organs from pallial system of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822. Also we verified if there is a relationship between the mollusk size and the number of specimens from parasites collected from two touristic villages in Ilha Grande (Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro state): Vila Dois Rios (VDR) and Vila do Abraão (ABR). The samples were obtained through a field work conducted bimonthly during 2007, 2008, 2010, and 2011, at both locations. Height and width were measured from shells collected, and the all specimens were classified in different classes: class 1 - biomass and a larger area of the pallial system, allowing an efficient parasite colonization. Other possible explanation could be the long exposure of the molluscs of class 3 to the parasites, which allowed a longer time to the larvae to allocate themselves.

  8. Epidemiologic Profile of Patients Transplanted With Hematopoietic Stem Cells in a Reference Service in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos de Azevedo, I; Ferreira Júnior, M A; Pereira de Aquino, L A; de Oliveira, A A; Cruz, G K P; de Queiroz Cardoso, A I; Ivo, M L; Santos, V E P

    2018-04-01

    Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) consists of the intravenous infusion of healthy hematopoietic stem cells to restore the medullary and immunologic function of patients affected by a series of hematologic, oncologic, immunologic, malignant and nonmalignant inherited or acquired diseases, with the possibility of cure or increase of disease-free survival. To characterize the epidemiologic profile and the cases of death of patients who underwent HSCT. This is a cohort quantitative study, nested with a retrospective, descriptive, and analytical study of a hospital-based cohort that included the patients who underwent HSCT at a referral service in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, a region of northeastern Brazil. There was a slight male prevalence (52.94%), the age of the patients ranged from 2 to 73 years old, 18.38% were brown, 47.06% were married, 15.07% were students, 78.31% had a diagnosis of multiple myeloma, 93.38% developed gastrointestinal toxicities, all patients received chemotherapeutic treatment, 54.78% had allogeneic HSCT, and the cause of the most recorded deaths was septic shock (48.19%). This study showed relevant scientific evidence on the clinical and epidemiologic profile of patients who underwent HSCT. In general, sociodemographic data are similar to national and international research results. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Fatores de mortalidade em micro e pequenas empresas: um estudo na região central do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidineia Santini

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As micro e pequenas empresas assumem papel importante para as economias locais e regionais. Grande parte desses empreendimentos não consegue prosperar e se manter no mercado por mais de meia década, apresentando mortalidade precoce. Mediante a isto, o presente trabalho é caracterizado como uma survey descritiva, visto que se consideram, no mesmo, os principais passos para esclarecimento a respeito de sobrevivência das micro e pequenas empresas. Desta forma, o objetivo foi identificar os fatores causadores da mortalidade dessas empresas na região central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Para tanto, a pesquisa agregou uma amostra de 60 empreendimentos. Utilizou-se para a coleta dos dados um questionário estruturado, no qual se identificou onze principais fatores causadores da mortalidade das empresas. Concluiu-se que existe relação entre os fatores encontrados na pesquisa com resultados obtidos por outros autores em estudos anteriores.

  10. Floodplain construction of the Rio Grande at El Paso, Texas, USA: response to Holocene climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Stephen A.; Peterson, John A.

    2013-04-01

    The Rio Grande is one of the larger rivers in North America, and the development of its floodplain is related to Holocene climate and climate change. The late Pleistocene through early Holocene channel is characterized by a meander or braided system with lateral cutting and backfilling, resulting in the valley-wide deposition of massive to cross-bedded, fine-to-medium textured sand. The late Pleistocene-early Holocene floodplain is also the sand source for the adjacent Bolson sand sheet. The sand sheet stopped accumulating new sand 5000 yrs ago, an event directly related to the shutting off of the sand supply caused by the deposition of overbank muds that covered and sealed the floodplain surface. During the middle Holocene, the river may have dried intermittently with the floodplain becoming deflated and local sand dunes forming on the floodplain. After 5000 yrs the climate was less arid and the river shifted to a regime of increased flooding and overbank deposition of silt and clay. By 2500 yrs, a late Holocene period of wet climate resulted in further overbank deposition and the formation of a cumulic Mollisol across the floodplain, the Socorro paleosol. The period of wet climate corresponds to the Audubon Neoglacial and active rock glaciers in the southern Rocky Mountains, speleothem growth in nearby caves, and other evidence for wet-cool conditions in the region. After 1000 yrs, the climate became drier, and the deposition and accumulation of overbank muds by the flooding Rio Grande came to a halt. Even though the river has flooded often in historic times, and presumably during late prehistoric times as well, there is little evidence for deposition of overbank sediments on the floodplain since A.D. 1000. Accordingly, the present-day surface of the Lower Valley is ten centuries old. Three channels occur on the US side of the Lower Valley floodplain, and during the past 2500 yrs stream flow has shifted from one to the other by the avulsion process of channel

  11. Espectro alimentar e variação sazonal da dieta de Plagioscion squamosissimus (Heckel, 1840 (Osteichthyes, Sciaenidae na lagoa do Piató, Assu, Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil = Food spectrum and seasonal variation of the diet of Plagioscion squamosissimus (Heckel, 1840 (Osteichthyes, Sciaenidae in Piató Lagoon, Assu, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Almeida Gavilan Leandro da Costa

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se a dieta e as variações sazonais na alimentação de Plagioscion squamosissimus, capturados mensalmente, na lagoa do Piató, Assu, Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, entre agosto de 2004 e julho de 2005, com despescas em horários específicos. Em laboratório, após a biometria, os peixes foram abertos e eviscerados. Sob microscópio estereoscópico, analisaram-se os conteúdos estomacais, cujos itens, depois de identificados, tiveram o seu volume medido. Foram calculadas as frequências de ocorrência e volumétrica e o índice alimentar. Agruparam-se os itens em sete categorias principais, e camarão e insetos foram as predominantes. A categorização dos itens permitiu classificar a espécie como carnívora com tendência a carcinofagia-insetivoria. Quanto à sazonalidade, observouse uma alternância dos itens de acordo com as estações do ano: os insetos predominaram na estação seca e o camarão se sobressaiu na estação chuvosa. Considerando os períodos de captura, observou-se hábito crepuscular-noturno, e os horários de atividade também são marcados por diferenças no tipo de alimento consumido, pois o item camarão predominou nas horas de menor luminosidade; o item insetos, nas horas mais claras.The diet and seasonal variations in the feeding of Plagioscion squamosissimus were evaluated. Fishes were captured monthly at the Piató Lagoon, Assu, Rio Grande do Norte State, from August of 2004 to July of 2005, examined at a specific time of day. In laboratory, after obtaining the biometric data, fishes were opened and the guts extracted. The stomach contents were analyzed under stereoscopic microscope, and its items were identified and their volume was measured. Occurrence and volumetric frequencies and the food index were calculated. The items were grouped in seven main categories; shrimp and insects were predominant. The item classification made it possible to classify the species as carnivorous with carcinophagous

  12. [Frequency of healthy eating habits measured by the 10 Steps to Healthy Eating score proposed by the Ministry of Health: Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinholes, Daniele Botelho; Assunção, Maria Cecília Formoso; Neutzling, Marilda Borges

    2009-04-01

    This study aimed to measure frequency of healthy eating habits and associated factors using the 10 Steps to Healthy Eating score proposed by the Ministry of Health in the adult population in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted on a cluster sample of 3,136 adult residents in Pelotas. The frequency of each step to healthy eating was collected with a pre-coded questionnaire. Data analysis consisted of descriptive analysis, followed by bivariate analysis using the chi-square test. Only 1.1% of the population followed all the recommended steps. The average number of steps was six. Step four, salt intake, showed the highest frequency, while step nine, physical activity, showed the lowest. Knowledge of the population's eating habits and their distribution according to demographic and socioeconomic variables is important to guide local and national strategies to promote healthy eating habits and thus improve quality of life.

  13. Prevalência da síndrome metabólica em indígenas com mais de 40 anos no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in indigenous people over 40 years of age in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Karina Silva da Rocha

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar a prevalência da síndrome metabólica (SM em indígenas com idade maior do que 40 anos em duas cidades no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Este estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico foi realizado nos municípios de Porto Alegre e Nonoai entre julho e agosto de 2009. Participaram 150 indígenas com idade entre 40 e mais de 70 anos (idade mínima 40 e máxima 104 anos. A prevalência da SM foi determinada pelos critérios do National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue e medidas antropométricas. Além disso, os participantes responderam a um questionário sobre hábitos alimentares, analisado posteriormente conforme os 40 passos para uma alimentação saudável propostos pela Organização Mundial de Saúde e endossados pelo Ministério da Saúde. RESULTADOS: A prevalência da SM foi de 65,3%, mais prevalente no sexo feminino (P OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS among indigenous people older than 40 years of age from two cities in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive, analytic, cross-sectional study was conducted in two municipalities, Porto Alegre and Nonoai, between July and August 2009. A total of 150 indigenous people older than 40 years of age (range: 40-104 years, participated in the study. MS prevalence was determined based on National Cholesterol Education Program - Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Blood samples and anthropometric data were collected. The participants also answered a questionnaire on eating habits, which was then contrasted to the 10 steps to healthy eating proposed by the World Health Organization and recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. RESULTS: MS prevalence was 65.3%, affecting women more than men (P < 0.001. Changes in waist circumference, fasting glucose, and HDL-cholesterol and presence of hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, and obesity were