WorldWideScience

Sample records for standard candles david

  1. When a Standard Candle Flickers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson-Hodge, Colleen A; Cherry, Michael L; Case, Gary L

    2011-01-01

    The Crab Nebula is the only hard X-ray source in the sky that is both bright enough and steady enough to be easily used as a standard candle. As a result, it has been used as a normalization standard by most X-ray/gamma-ray telescopes. Although small-scale variations in the nebula are well known......, since the start of science operations of the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) in 2008 August, a ~ 7% (70 mCrab) decline has been observed in the overall Crab Nebula flux in the 15-50 keV band, measured with the Earth occultation technique. This decline is independently confirmed in the ~ 15-50 ke......-100 keV band with GBM, Swift /BAT, and INTEGRAL /IBIS. The pulsed flux measured with RXTE /PCA since 1999 is consistent with the pulsar spin-down, indicating that the observed changes are nebular. Correlated variations in the Crab Nebula flux on a ~ 3 year timescale are also seen independently...

  2. When A Standard Candle Flickers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson-Hodge, Colleen A.; Cherry, Michael L.; Case, Gary L.; Baumgartner, Wayne H.; Beklen Elif; Bhat, P. Narayana; Briggs, Michael S.; Camero-Arranz, Ascension; Chaplin, Vandiver; Connaughton, Valerie; hide

    2011-01-01

    The Crab Nebula is the only hard X-ray source in the sky that is both bright enough and steady enough to be easily used as a standard candle. As a result, it has been used as a normalization standard by most X-ray/gamma ray telescopes. Although small-scale variations in the nebula are well-known, since the start of science operations of the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) in August 2008 a 7% (70 mcrab) decline has been observed in the overall Crab Nebula flux in the 15-50 keV band, measured with the Earth occultation technique. This decline is independently confirmed in the 15-50 keV band with three other instruments: the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (Swift/BAT), the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array (RXTE/PCA), and the INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory Imager on Board INTEGRAL (IBIS). A similar decline is also observed in the 3 - 15 keV data from the RXTE/PCA and in the 50 - 100 keV band with GBM, Swift/BAT, and INTEGRAL/IBIS. The change in the pulsed flux measured with RXTE/PCA since 1999 is consistent with the pulsar spin-down, indicating that the observed changes are nebular. Correlated variations in the Crab Nebula flux on a 3 year timescale are also seen independently with the PCA, BAT, and IBIS from 2005 to 2008, with a flux minimum in April 2007. As of August 2010, the current flux has declined below the 2007 minimum.

  3. Difficulties in Using GRBs as Standard Candles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Gamma-Ray Bursts have been detected uniformly all over the observable universe, ranging in comoving distance from a few hundred Mpc to a few thousand Mpc, representing the farthest observable objects in the universe. This large distance coverage is highly attractive to those who study cosmology and the history of the early universe since there are no other observed objects that represent such a deep and comprehensive probe of the history of the universe. For this reason, there have been extensive studies into the possibility of using GRBs as standard candles much like Type Ia Supernovae, even though little is known about the physical mechanism that produces the observed burst of gamma-rays. We discuss the attempts at defining GRBs as standard candles, such as the search for a robust luminosity indicator, pseudo-redshift predictions, the complications that emission collimation introduces into the estimation of the rest-frame energetics, and the difficulty introduced by the widely varying observed properties of GRBs. These topics will be examined with supporting data and analyses from both Fermi and Swift observations. Problems with current studies using GRBs as standard candles will be noted as well as potential paths forward to solve these problems.

  4. The Gaia Red Clump as standard candle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Dern, L.; Babusiaux, C.; Danielski, C.; Arenou, F.; Turon, C.; Lallement, R.

    2017-12-01

    Gaia has already provided new high precision parallaxes for two million objects, allowing to recalibrate standard candles. Red Clump stars are known to be good standard candles because of their small dependency of their luminosity on their stellar composition, colour and age. We developed methods to derive some of the main physical parameters to characterise the Red Clump as standard candle. We provide fully empirical calibrations by using visual to infrared photometry, the most up-to-date 3D extinction map, and spectroscopic atmosphere parameters. We derived new calibrations for 16 Colour-(\\gk) and Effective Temperature-(\\gk) relations and a new calibration of the RC absolute magnitude on the Gaia G and 2MASS \\ks bands. These calibrations are used afterwards to estimate the G-band interstellar extinction coefficient k_{G}. By combining of all these relations we implemented a method to determine effective temperatures and interstellar extinctions (A_0), which we will use in particular to derive asteroseismic parameters which can be directly compared with Gaia's results.

  5. Comparison of cosmological models using standard rulers and candles

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xiaolei; Cao, Shuo; Zheng, Xiaogang; Li, Song; Biesiada, Marek

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we used standard rulers and standard candles (separately and jointly) to explore five popular dark energy models under assumption of spatial flatness of the Universe. As standard rulers, we used a data set comprising 118 galactic-scale strong lensing systems (individual standard rulers if properly calibrated for the mass density profile) combined with BAO diagnostics (statistical standard ruler). Supernovae Ia served asstandard candles. Unlike in the most of previous statistica...

  6. Investigating the Effect of Cosmic Opacity on Standard Candles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, J.; Yu, H.; Wang, F. Y., E-mail: fayinwang@nju.edu.cn [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2017-02-10

    Standard candles can probe the evolution of dark energy over a large redshift range. But the cosmic opacity can degrade the quality of standard candles. In this paper, we use the latest observations, including Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) from the “joint light-curve analysis” sample and Hubble parameters, to probe the opacity of the universe. A joint fitting of the SNe Ia light-curve parameters, cosmological parameters, and opacity is used in order to avoid the cosmological dependence of SNe Ia luminosity distances. The latest gamma-ray bursts are used in order to explore the cosmic opacity at high redshifts. The cosmic reionization process is considered at high redshifts. We find that the sample supports an almost transparent universe for flat ΛCDM and XCDM models. Meanwhile, free electrons deplete photons from standard candles through (inverse) Compton scattering, which is known as an important component of opacity. This Compton dimming may play an important role in future supernova surveys. From analysis, we find that about a few per cent of the cosmic opacity is caused by Compton dimming in the two models, which can be corrected.

  7. Discerning dark energy models with high redshift standard candles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, P.; Hjorth, J.

    2017-12-01

    Following the success of type Ia supernovae in constraining cosmologies at lower redshift (z ≲ 2), effort has been spent determining if a similarly useful standardizable candle can be found at higher redshift. In this work, we determine the largest possible magnitude discrepancy between a constant dark energy ΛCDM cosmology and a cosmology in which the equation of state w(z) of dark energy is a function of redshift for high redshift standard candles (z ≳ 2). We discuss a number of popular parametrizations of w(z) with two free parameters, wzCDM cosmologies, including the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder and generalization thereof, nCPL, as well as the Jassal-Bagla-Padmanabhan parametrization. For each of these parametrizations, we calculate and find the extrema of Δμ, the difference between the distance modulus of a wzCDM cosmology and a fiducial ΛCDM cosmology as a function of redshift, given 68 per cent likelihood constraints on the parameters P = (Ωm, 0, w0, wa). The parameters are constrained using cosmic microwave background, baryon acoustic oscillations and type Ia supernovae data using CosmoMC. We find that none of the tested cosmologies can deviate more than 0.05 mag from the fiducial ΛCDM cosmology at high redshift, implying that high redshift standard candles will not aid in discerning between the wzCDM cosmology and the fiducial ΛCDM cosmology. Conversely, this implies that if high redshift standard candles are found to be in disagreement with ΛCDM at high redshift, then this is a problem not only for ΛCDM but for the entire family of wzCDM cosmologies.

  8. THE STANDARDIZED CANDLE METHOD FOR TYPE II PLATEAU SUPERNOVAE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Olivares E, Felipe; Hamuy, Mario; Pignata, Giuliano; Maza, Jose; Bersten, Melina; Phillips, Mark M.; Morrel, Nidia I.; Suntzeff, Nicholas B.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Kirshner, Robert P.; Matheson, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study the 'standardized candle method' using a sample of 37 nearby (redshift z V ) = 0.2 mag. The correlation between plateau luminosity and expansion velocity previously reported in the literature is recovered. Using this relation and assuming a standard reddening law (R V = 3.1), we obtain Hubble diagrams (HDs) in the BVI bands with dispersions of ∼0.4 mag. Allowing R V to vary and minimizing the spread in the HDs, we obtain a dispersion range of 0.25-0.30 mag, which implies that these objects can deliver relative distances with precisions of 12%-14%. The resulting best-fit value of R V is 1.4 ± 0.1.

  9. How Beatrice Tinsley Destroyed Sandage's Quest for a Standard Candle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitton, Simon

    2014-01-01

    The goal of cosmology and most extragalactic optical astronomy during the heroic period spanning the half century from Hubble to Sandage (1920s - 1970s) was a search for two numbers, the Hubble constant and the deceleration parameter. Standard candles were needed to establish the measure of the universe. In 1968, Beatrice Tinsley, then a postdoctoral fellow in the astronomy department of the University of Texas at Austin showed that the great enterprise at Palomar of calibrating the galaxies was in need of major revision. At the 132nd AAS Meeting (June 1970, Boulder, Colorado) she presented a paper on galactic evolution on the magnitude-redshift relation. In her Abstract she boldly wrote: "My present conclusion is opposite to that reached by most cosmologists." In fact her claims caused great consternation among cosmologists. In 1972 she published eight papers on the evolution of galaxies, and the effects of that evolution for observational cosmology and the origin of structure.

  10. Red clump stars and Gaia: calibration of the standard candle using a hierarchical probabilistic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Keith; Leistedt, Boris; Bovy, Jo; Hogg, David W.

    2017-10-01

    Distances to individual stars in our own Galaxy are critical in order to piece together the nature of its velocity and spatial structure. Core helium burning red clump (RC) stars have similar luminosities, are abundant throughout the Galaxy and thus constitute good standard candles. We build a hierarchical probabilistic model to quantify the quality of RC stars as standard candles using parallax measurements from the first Gaia data release. A unique aspect of our methodology is to fully account for (and marginalize over) parallax, photometry and dust correction uncertainties, which lead to more robust results than standard approaches. We determine the absolute magnitude and intrinsic dispersion of the RC in 2MASS bands J, H, Ks, Gaia G band and WISE bands W1, W2, W3 and W4. We find that the absolute magnitude of the RC is -1.61 ± 0.01 (in Ks), +0.44 ± 0.01 (in G), -0.93 ± 0.01 (in J), -1.46 ± 0.01 (in H), -1.68 ± 0.02 (in W1), -1.69 ± 0.02 (in W2), -1.67 ± 0.02 (in W3) and -1.76 ± 0.01 mag (in W4). The mean intrinsic dispersion is ˜0.17 ± 0.03 mag across all bands (yielding a typical distance precision of ˜8 per cent). Thus RC stars are reliable and precise standard candles. In addition, we have also re-calibrated the zero-point of the absolute magnitude of the RC in each band, which provides a benchmark for future studies to estimate distances to RC stars. Finally, the parallax error shrinkage in the hierarchical model outlined in this work can be used to obtain more precise parallaxes than Gaia for the most distant RC stars across the Galaxy.

  11. Standard test method for determining atmospheric chloride deposition rate by wet candle method

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2002-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers a wet candle device and its use in measuring atmospheric chloride deposition (amount of chloride salts deposited from the atmosphere on a given area per unit time). 1.2 Data on atmospheric chloride deposition can be useful in classifying the corrosivity of a specific area, such as an atmospheric test site. Caution must be exercised, however, to take into consideration the season because airborne chlorides vary widely between seasons. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  12. $\\Zeta$-boson as "the standard candle" for high precision W-boson physics at LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Krasny, M W; Placzek, W; Siodmok, A

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we propose a strategy for measuring the inclusive W-boson production processes at LHC. This strategy exploits simultaneously the unique flexibility of the LHC collider in running variable beam particle species at variable beam energies, and the configuration flexibility of the LHC detectors. We propose their concrete settings for a precision measurement of the Standard Model parameters. These settings optimise the use of the Z boson and Drell-Yan pair production processes as ``the standard reference candles''. The presented strategy allows to factorise and to directly measure those of the QCD effects which affect differently the W and Z production processes. It reduces to a level of 10^{-4} the impact of uncertainties in the partonic distribution functions (PDFs) and in the transverse momentum of the quarks on the measurement precision. Last but not the least, it reduces by a factor of 10 an impact of systematic measurement errors, such as the energy scale and the measurement resolution, on the ...

  13. From a Better Understanding of GRB Prompt Emission to a New Type of Standard Candles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guiriec, Sylvain

    2016-07-01

    Recent results revealed the simultaneous existence of multiple components in the prompt emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) leading to a unified spectro-temporal model for the broadband spectrum from the optical regime up to higher gamma rays. Unexpectedly, we discovered a relation intrinsic to one specific component of this model: its luminosity is strongly and tightly correlated to its spectral break energy. This new luminosity-hardness relation has the same index for all GRBs when fitted to a power law. In addition, this relation seems to have the same normalization for all GRBs; therefore, this is a promising and physically motivated tool that may establish GRBs as cosmological standard candles. During this presentation, I will introduce this new relation, which might eventually be used to (i) estimate GRB distances, (ii) to support searches for gravitational waves and cosmic high-energy neutrinos, and (iii) constrain the cosmological parameters. I will give a few examples of GRB redshift estimates using this relation and I will show why this new result cannot solely be explain by instrumental selection effects and/or measurement/analysis biases.

  14. Standard rulers, candles, and clocks from the low-redshift universe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heavens, Alan; Jimenez, Raul; Verde, Licia

    2014-12-12

    We measure the length of the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) feature, and the expansion rate of the recent Universe, from low-redshift data only, almost model independently. We make only the following minimal assumptions: homogeneity and isotropy, a metric theory of gravity, a smooth expansion history, and the existence of standard candles (supernovæ) and a standard BAO ruler. The rest is determined by the data, which are compilations of recent BAO and type IA supernova results. Making only these assumptions, we find for the first time that the standard ruler has a length of 103.9±2.3h⁻¹ Mpc. The value is a measurement, in contrast to the model-dependent theoretical prediction determined with model parameters set by Planck data (99.3±2.1h⁻¹ Mpc). The latter assumes the cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant, and that the ruler is the sound horizon at radiation drag. Adding passive galaxies as standard clocks or a local Hubble constant measurement allows the absolute BAO scale to be determined (142.8±3.7 Mpc), and in the former case the additional information makes the BAO length determination more precise (101.9±1.9h⁻¹ Mpc). The inverse curvature radius of the Universe is weakly constrained and consistent with zero, independently of the gravity model, provided it is metric. We find the effective number of relativistic species to be N(eff)=3.53±0.32, independent of late-time dark energy or gravity physics.

  15. Measuring the Hubble constant with Type Ia supernovae as near-infrared standard candles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhawan, Suhail; Jha, Saurabh W.; Leibundgut, Bruno

    2018-01-01

    The most precise local measurements of H0 rely on observations of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) coupled with Cepheid distances to SN Ia host galaxies. Recent results have shown tension comparing H0 to the value inferred from CMB observations assuming ΛCDM, making it important to check for potential systematic uncertainties in either approach. To date, precise local H0 measurements have used SN Ia distances based on optical photometry, with corrections for light curve shape and colour. Here, we analyse SNe Ia as standard candles in the near-infrared (NIR), where luminosity variations in the supernovae and extinction by dust are both reduced relative to the optical. From a combined fit to 9 nearby calibrator SNe with host Cepheid distances from Riess et al. (2016) and 27 SNe in the Hubble flow, we estimate the absolute peak J magnitude MJ = -18.524 ± 0.041 mag and H0 = 72.8 ± 1.6 (statistical) ±2.7 (systematic) km s-1 Mpc-1. The 2.2% statistical uncertainty demonstrates that the NIR provides a compelling avenue to measuring SN Ia distances, and for our sample the intrinsic (unmodeled) peak J magnitude scatter is just 0.10 mag, even without light curve shape or colour corrections. Our results do not vary significantly with different sample selection criteria, though photometric calibration in the NIR may be a dominant systematic uncertainty. Our findings suggest that tension in the competing H0 distance ladders is likely not a result of supernova systematics that could be expected to vary between optical and NIR wavelengths, like dust extinction. We anticipate further improvements in H0 with a larger calibrator sample of SNe Ia with Cepheid distances, more Hubble flow SNe Ia with NIR light curves, and better use of the full NIR photometric data set beyond simply the peak J-band magnitude.

  16. A Unified Model for GRB Prompt Emission from Optical to Gamma-Rays; Exploring GRBs as Standard Candles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guiriec, S.; Kouveliotou, C.; Hartmann, D. H.; Granot, J.; Asano, K.; Meszaros, P.; Gill, R.; Gehrels, N.; McEnery, J.

    2016-01-01

    The origin of prompt emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) remains to be an open question. Correlated prompt optical and gamma-ray emission observed in a handful of GRBs strongly suggests a common emission region, but failure to adequately fit the broadband GRB spectrum prompted the hypothesis of different emission mechanisms for the low- and high-energy radiations. We demonstrate that our multi-component model for GRB -ray prompt emission provides an excellent fit to GRB 110205A from optical to gamma-ray energies. Our results show that the optical and highest gamma-ray emissions have the same spatial and spectral origin, which is different from the bulk of the X- and softest gamma-ray radiation. Finally, our accurate redshift estimate for GRB 110205A demonstrates promise for using GRBs as cosmological standard candles.

  17. A UNIFIED MODEL FOR GRB PROMPT EMISSION FROM OPTICAL TO γ -RAYS; EXPLORING GRBs AS STANDARD CANDLES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guiriec, S.; Kouveliotou, C. [Department of Physics, The George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Hartmann, D. H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Granot, J.; Gill, R. [Department of Natural Sciences, The Open University of Israel, 1 University Road, P.O. Box 808, Raanana 4353701 (Israel); Asano, K. [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Mészáros, P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Department of Physics, Center for Particle and Gravitational Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Gehrels, N.; McEnery, J., E-mail: sylvain.guiriec@nasa.gov [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The origin of prompt emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) remains to be an open question. Correlated prompt optical and γ -ray emission observed in a handful of GRBs strongly suggests a common emission region, but failure to adequately fit the broadband GRB spectrum prompted the hypothesis of different emission mechanisms for the low- and high-energy radiations. We demonstrate that our multi-component model for GRB γ -ray prompt emission provides an excellent fit to GRB 110205A from optical to γ -ray energies. Our results show that the optical and highest γ -ray emissions have the same spatial and spectral origin, which is different from the bulk of the X- and softest γ -ray radiation. Finally, our accurate redshift estimate for GRB 110205A demonstrates promise for using GRBs as cosmological standard candles.

  18. New mass limit for white dwarfs: super-Chandrasekhar type ia supernova as a new standard candle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Upasana; Mukhopadhyay, Banibrata

    2013-02-15

    Type Ia supernovae, sparked off by exploding white dwarfs of mass close to the Chandrasekhar limit, play the key role in understanding the expansion rate of the Universe. However, recent observations of several peculiar type Ia supernovae argue for its progenitor mass to be significantly super-Chandrasekhar. We show that strongly magnetized white dwarfs not only can violate the Chandrasekhar mass limit significantly, but exhibit a different mass limit. We establish from a foundational level that the generic mass limit of white dwarfs is 2.58 solar mass. This explains the origin of overluminous peculiar type Ia supernovae. Our finding further argues for a possible second standard candle, which has many far reaching implications, including a possible reconsideration of the expansion history of the Universe.

  19. Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Hrsg.) (2004). Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards

    OpenAIRE

    Catón, Matthias

    2006-01-01

    Das Buch Rethinking Social Inquiry, herausgegeben von Henry E. BRADY und David COLLIER, ist eine Antwort auf den Band von KING, KEOHANE und VERBA (1994), in dem versucht wird, Standards der quantitativen Forschung in der qualitativen Forschung einzuführen. Die Autoren des hier rezensierten Buchs kritisieren viele der Vorschläge, da sie argumentieren, dass qualitative Forschung anderer Werkzeuge bedürfe. Trotzdem stimmen sie zu, dass die Grundlagen des Forschungsaufbaus ähnlich sind. Das Buch ...

  20. Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Eds.) (2004). Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards

    OpenAIRE

    Matthias Catón

    2006-01-01

    Das Buch Rethinking Social Inquiry, herausgegeben von Henry E. BRADY und David COLLIER, ist eine Antwort auf den Band von KING, KEOHANE und VERBA (1994), in dem versucht wird, Standards der quantitativen Forschung in der qualitativen Forschung einzuführen. Die Autoren des hier rezensierten Buchs kritisieren viele der Vorschläge, da sie argumentieren, dass qualitative Forschung anderer Werkzeuge bedürfe. Trotzdem stimmen sie zu, dass die Grundlagen des Forschungsaufbaus ähnlich sind. Das Buch ...

  1. A Unified Model for GRB Prompt Emission from Optical to Gamma-Rays: Exploring GRBs as Standard Candles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guiriec, Sylvain

    2018-01-01

    The Band function traditionally used for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB) often fails to fit their prompt emission spectra. Our new model composed of three separate components provides an excellent description of the time-resolved prompt emission: a thermal-like and two non-thermal components. For the first time, analysis of GRBs with correlated optical and gamma-ray prompt emission show that our new model describes very accurately the whole broadband spectrum from the optical regime to higher energy gamma rays. In addition, this new model enables anew luminosity/hardness relation intrinsic to one of the non-thermal components showing that GRBs may be standard candles. If statistically confirmed, this relation will be used to (i) constrain the mechanisms powering GRB jets, (ii) estimate GRB distances, (iii) probe the early Universe, and (iv) constrain the cosmological parameters. I will present this new unified model using analysis of GRBs detected with various observatories and instruments such as Fermi, CGRO/BATSE and the combination of the three instruments on board Swift and Suzaku/WAM. I will discuss here the striking similarities of GRB spectral shapes, whose components inform on the nature of the prompt emission, as well as the possible universality of the proposed luminosity/hardness relation in the context of our new model.

  2. SN 2016jhj at redshift 0.34: extending the Type II supernova Hubble diagram using the standard candle method

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jaeger, T.; Galbany, L.; Filippenko, A. V.; González-Gaitán, S.; Yasuda, N.; Maeda, K.; Tanaka, M.; Morokuma, T.; Moriya, T. J.; Tominaga, N.; Nomoto, K.; Komiyama, Y.; Anderson, J. P.; Brink, T. G.; Carlberg, R. G.; Folatelli, G.; Hamuy, M.; Pignata, G.; Zheng, W.

    2017-12-01

    Although Type Ia supernova cosmology has now reached a mature state, it is important to develop as many independent methods as possible to understand the true nature of dark energy. Recent studies have shown that Type II supernovae (SNe II) offer such a path and could be used as alternative distance indicators. However, the majority of these studies were unable to extend the Hubble diagram above redshift z = 0.3 because of observational limitations. Here, we show that we are now ready to move beyond low redshifts and attempt high-redshift (z ≳ 0.3) SN II cosmology as a result of new-generation deep surveys such as the Subaru/Hyper Suprime-Cam survey. Applying the 'standard candle method' to SN 2016jhj (z = 0.3398 ± 0.0002; discovered by HSC) together with a low-redshift sample, we are able to construct the highest-redshift SN II Hubble diagram to date with an observed dispersion of 0.27 mag (i.e. 12-13 per cent in distance). This work demonstrates the bright future of SN II cosmology in the coming era of large, wide-field surveys like that of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope.

  3. Accurate weak lensing of standard candles. II. Measuring σ8 with supernovae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quartin, Miguel; Marra, Valerio; Amendola, Luca

    2014-01-01

    Soon the number of type Ia supernova (SN) measurements should exceed 100 000. Understanding the effect of weak lensing by matter structures on the supernova brightness will then be more important than ever. Although SN lensing is usually seen as a source of systematic noise, we will show that it can be in fact turned into signal. More precisely, the non-Gaussianity introduced by lensing in the SN Hubble diagram dispersion depends rather sensitively on the amplitude σ8 of the matter power spectrum. By exploiting this relation, we are able to predict constraints on σ8 of 7% (3%) for a catalog of 100 000 (500 000) SNe of average magnitude error 0.12, without having to assume that such intrinsic dispersion and its redshift evolution are known a priori. The intrinsic dispersion has been assumed to be Gaussian; possible intrinsic non-Gaussianities in the data set (due to the SN themselves and/or to other transients) could be potentially dealt with by means of additional nuisance parameters describing higher moments of the intrinsic dispersion distribution function. This method is independent of and complementary to the standard methods based on cosmic microwave background, cosmic shear, or cluster abundance observables.

  4. A Hubble Space Telescope survey for novae in M87 - III. Are novae good standard candles 15 d after maximum brightness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shara, Michael M.; Doyle, Trisha F.; Pagnotta, Ashley; Garland, James T.; Lauer, Tod R.; Zurek, David; Baltz, Edward A.; Goerl, Ariel; Kovetz, Attay; Machac, Tamara; Madrid, Juan P.; Mikołajewska, Joanna; Neill, J. D.; Prialnik, Dina; Welch, D. L.; Yaron, Ofer

    2018-02-01

    Ten weeks of daily imaging of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has yielded 41 nova light curves of unprecedented quality for extragalactic cataclysmic variables. We have recently used these light curves to demonstrate that the observational scatter in the so-called maximum-magnitude rate of decline (MMRD) relation for classical novae is so large as to render the nova-MMRD useless as a standard candle. Here, we demonstrate that a modified Buscombe-de Vaucouleurs hypothesis, namely that novae with decline times t2 > 10 d converge to nearly the same absolute magnitude about two weeks after maximum light in a giant elliptical galaxy, is supported by our M87 nova data. For 13 novae with daily sampled light curves, well determined times of maximum light in both the F606W and F814W filters, and decline times t2 > 10 d we find that M87 novae display M606W,15 = -6.37 ± 0.46 and M814W,15 = -6.11 ± 0.43. If very fast novae with decline times t2 < 10 d are excluded, the distances to novae in elliptical galaxies with stellar binary populations similar to those of M87 should be determinable with 1σ accuracies of ± 20 per cent with the above calibrations.

  5. Z boson as ``the standard candle'' for high-precision W boson physics at LHC TH1"-->

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasny, M. W.; Fayette, F.; Płaczek, W.; Siódmok, A.

    2007-08-01

    In this paper we propose a strategy for measuring the inclusive W boson production processes at LHC. This strategy exploits simultaneously the unique flexibility of the LHC collider in running variable beam particle species at variable beam energies, and the configuration flexibility of the LHC detectors. We propose their concrete settings for a precision measurement of the standard model parameters. These dedicated settings optimise the use of the Z boson and Drell Yan-pair production processes as “the standard reference candles”. The presented strategy allows one to factorise and to directly measure those of the QCD effects that affect differently the W and Z production processes. It reduces to a level of mathcal{O}(10^{-4}) the impact of uncertainties in the partonic distribution functions (PDFs) and in the transverse momentum of the quarks on the measurement precision. Last but not the least, it reduces by a factor of 10 the impact of systematic measurement errors, such as the energy scale and the measurement resolution, on the W boson production observables.

  6. Response to the Point of View of Gregory B. Pauly, David M. Hillis, and David C. Cannatella, by the Anuran Subcommittee of the SSAR/HL/ASIH Scientific and Standard English Names List

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Darrel R.; McDiarmid, Roy W.; Mendelson, Joseph R.

    2009-01-01

    The Point of View by Gregory Pauly, David Hillis, and David Cannatella misrepresents the motives and activities of the anuran subcommittee of the Scientific and Standard English Names Committee, contains a number of misleading statements, omits evidence and references to critical literature that have already rejected or superseded their positions, and cloaks the limitations of their nomenclatural approach in ambiguous language. Their Point of View is not about promoting transparency in the process of constructing the English Names list, assuring that its taxonomy is adequately reviewed, or promoting nomenclatural stability in any global sense. Rather, their Point of View focuses in large part on a single publication, The Amphibian Tree of Life, which is formally unrelated to the Standard English Names List, and promotes an approach to nomenclature mistakenly asserted by them to be compatible with both the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and one of its competitors, the PhyloCode.

  7. The Fiction of the Standard of Taste: David Hume on the Social Constitution of Beauty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stradella, Alessandra

    2012-01-01

    This article submits the idea that, beyond traditional readings of the essay, Hume's "Of the Standard of Taste" is an intimation to appreciate the fictional nature of the standard of taste and our aesthetic education thereof. It is argued that, with Hume, art is not for the benefit and enjoyment of the individual. One's private response to beauty…

  8. Stellar candles for the extragalactic distance scale

    CERN Document Server

    Gieren, Wolfgang

    2003-01-01

    This volume reviews the current status with respect to both theory and observation of the extragalactic distance scale. A sufficient accuracy is required both for a precise determination of the cosmological parameters and also in order to achieve a better understanding of physical processes in extragalactic systems. The "standard candles", used to set up the extragalactic distance scale, reviewed in this book include cepheid variables, RR Lyrae variables, novae, Type Ia and Type II supernovae as well as globular clusters and planetary nebulae.

  9. Candle Flames in Microgravity Video

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    This video of a candle flame burning in space was taken by the Candle Flames in Microgravity (CFM) experiment on the Russian Mir space station. It is actually a composite of still photos from a 35mm camera since the video images were too dim. The images show a hemispherically shaped flame, primarily blue in color, with some yellow early int the flame lifetime. The actual flame is quite dim and difficult to see with the naked eye. Nearly 80 candles were burned in this experiment aboard Mir. NASA scientists have also studied how flames spread in space and how to detect fire in microgravity. Researchers hope that what they learn about fire and combustion from the flame ball experiments will help out here on Earth. Their research could help create things such as better engines for cars and airplanes. Since they use very weak flames, flame balls require little fuel. By studying how this works, engineers may be able to design engines that use far less fuel. In addition, microgravity flame research is an important step in creating new safety precautions for astronauts living in space. By understanding how fire works in space, the astronauts can be better prepared to fight it.

  10. Organic aerosol formation in citronella candle plumes

    OpenAIRE

    Bothe, Melanie; Donahue, Neil McPherson

    2010-01-01

    Citronella candles are widely used as insect repellants, especially outdoors in the evening. Because these essential oils are unsaturated, they have a unique potential to form secondary organic aerosol (SOA) via reaction with ozone, which is also commonly elevated on summer evenings when the candles are often in use. We investigated this process, along with primary aerosol emissions, by briefly placing a citronella tealight candle in a smog chamber and then adding ozone to the chamber. In rep...

  11. A Hubble Space Telescope Survey for Novae in M87. II. Snuffing out the Maximum Magnitude–Rate of Decline Relation for Novae as a Non-standard Candle, and a Prediction of the Existence of Ultrafast Novae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shara, Michael M.; Doyle, Trisha; Zurek, David [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West and 79th Street, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Lauer, Tod R. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726 (United States); Baltz, Edward A. [KIPAC, SLAC, 2575 Sand Hill Road, M/S 29, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Kovetz, Attay [School of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Madrid, Juan P. [CSIRO, Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Mikołajewska, Joanna [N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, PL 00-716 Warsaw (Poland); Neill, J. D. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, MC 278-17, Pasadena CA 91125 (United States); Prialnik, Dina [Department of Geosciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Welch, D. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S 4M1, Ontario (Canada); Yaron, Ofer [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot (Israel)

    2017-04-20

    The extensive grid of numerical simulations of nova eruptions from the work of Yaron et al. first predicted that some classical novae might significantly deviate from the Maximum Magnitude–Rate of Decline (MMRD) relation, which purports to characterize novae as standard candles. Kasliwal et al. have announced the observational detection of a new class of faint, fast classical novae in the Andromeda galaxy. These objects deviate strongly from the MMRD relationship, as predicted by Yaron et al. Recently, Shara et al. reported the first detections of faint, fast novae in M87. These previously overlooked objects are as common in the giant elliptical galaxy M87 as they are in the giant spiral M31; they comprise about 40% of all classical nova eruptions and greatly increase the observational scatter in the MMRD relation. We use the extensive grid of the nova simulations of Yaron et al. to identify the underlying causes of the existence of faint, fast novae. These are systems that have accreted, and can thus eject, only very low-mass envelopes, of the order of 10{sup −7}–10{sup −8} M {sub ⊙}, on massive white dwarfs. Such binaries include, but are not limited to, the recurrent novae. These same models predict the existence of ultrafast novae that display decline times, t {sub 2,} to be as short as five hours. We outline a strategy for their future detection.

  12. Electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of functionalized candle ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... and G (graphite) phase of carbon present in the candle soots. The electrochemical characterization was performed by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge test and impedance spectroscopy in 1MH2SO4 electrolyte. The functionalized candle soot electrode showed an enhanced specific capacitance value of ...

  13. 75 FR 44224 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; Yankee Candle Corporation (Candles and Gift Sets); Whately...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Status; Yankee Candle Corporation (Candles and Gift Sets); Whately and South Deerfield, MA Pursuant to... special-purpose subzone at the candle and gift set manufacturing and distribution facilities of Yankee... activity related to the manufacturing and distribution of candles and gift sets at the facilities of Yankee...

  14. David Hume on Competent Judges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Marcia Muelder

    2004-01-01

    This essay is the eighth in an occasional series on past treatments of major issues in arts education policy from antiquity through the twentieth century. The essay on which it is based, David Hume's "Of the Standard of Taste," originally published in 1757, is too extensive to be reprinted here, but it is easily accessible in the public…

  15. Electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of functionalized candle ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    diamond) and G (graphite) phase of carbon present in the candle soots. The electrochemical characterization was performed by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge test and impedance spectroscopy in 1MH2SO4 electrolyte.

  16. 16 CFR 501.7 - Candles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... quantity of contents shall be expressed in terms of count and measure (e.g., length and diameter), to the extent that diameter of such candles need not be expressed. The requirements of § 500.7 of this chapter...

  17. Hello, David! / Vladlen Livshits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Livshits, Vladlen

    2005-01-01

    Autori kohtumisest silmapaistva ameerika ajakirjaniku ja kirjaniku David Shipleriga Kohtla-Järvel 1978. aastal, ameerika matemaatiku Benoit Mandelbroti fraktaalse geomeetria teooriast, Lea Livshitsi maalidest

  18. Development testing of the chemical analysis automation polychlorinated biphenyl standard analysis method during surface soils sampling at the David Witherspoon 1630 site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hunt, M.A.; Klatt, L.N.; Thompson, D.H.

    1998-02-01

    The Chemical Analysis Automation (CAA) project is developing standardized, software-driven, site-deployable robotic laboratory systems with the objective of lowering the per-sample analysis cost, decreasing sample turnaround time, and minimizing human exposure to hazardous and radioactive materials associated with DOE remediation projects. The first integrated system developed by the CAA project is designed to determine polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) content in soil matrices. A demonstration and development testing of this system was conducted in conjuction with surface soil characterization activities at the David Witherspoon 1630 Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. The PCB system consists of five hardware standard laboratory modules (SLMs), one software SLM, the task sequence controller (TSC), and the human-computer interface (HCI). Four of the hardware SLMs included a four-channel Soxhlet extractor, a high-volume concentrator, a column cleanup, and a gas chromatograph. These SLMs performed the sample preparation and measurement steps within the total analysis protocol. The fifth hardware module was a robot that transports samples between the SLMs and the required consumable supplies to the SLMs. The software SLM is an automated data interpretation module that receives raw data from the gas chromatograph SLM and analyzes the data to yield the analyte information. The TSC is a software system that provides the scheduling, management of system resources, and the coordination of all SLM activities. The HCI is a graphical user interface that presents the automated laboratory to the analyst in terms of the analytical procedures and methods. Human control of the automated laboratory is accomplished via the HCI. Sample information required for processing by the automated laboratory is entered through the HCI. Information related to the sample and the system status is presented to the analyst via graphical icons

  19. Social and Economic Impact of the Candle Light Source Project Candle project impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baghiryan, M.

    Social and economic progress related to the realization of the CANDLE synchrotron light source creation project in Armenia is discussed. CANDLE service is multidisciplinary and long-lasting. Its impacts include significant improvement in science capacities, education quality, industrial capabilities, investment climate, country image, international relations, health level, restraining the "brain-drain", new workplaces, etc. CANDLE will serve as a universal national infrastructure assuring Armenia as a country with knowledge-based economy, a place for doing high-tech business, and be a powerful tool in achieving the country's jump forward in general.

  20. 75 FR 63200 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... COMMISSION Petroleum Wax Candles From China AGENCY: United States International Trade Commission. ACTION: Scheduling of an expedited five-year review concerning the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles... whether revocation of the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be likely to...

  1. 75 FR 80843 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... COMMISSION Petroleum Wax Candles From China Determination On the basis of the record \\1\\ developed in the... antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from China would be likely to lead to continuation or... Petroleum Wax Candles from China: Investigation No. 731-TA-282 (Third Review). Issued: December 17, 2010. By...

  2. Progress in research on chlorate candle technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Littman, J.

    1970-01-01

    Research and development program improves sodium chlorate candle formulation, production method, and igniter design. Cobalt is used as the fuel, dry processing methods are used to lower the water content, and a device based on pyrotechnic heater concepts is used as the igniter.

  3. Electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of functionalized candle ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    diamond) and G (graphite) phase of carbon present in the candle ... bute as a potential material for various modern applications. [27,28]. In recent times, the ... used for bio-imaging application and confirmed that these fluorescent carbon nanoparticles ...

  4. The Chemical History of a Candle

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 7; Issue 3. The Chemical History of a Candle. H R Madhusudan. Book Review Volume 7 Issue 3 March 2002 pp 87-89. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/007/03/0087-0089. Author Affiliations.

  5. Electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of functionalized candle ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2Department of Ceramic Engineering, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung 210 702, Republic of Korea. MS received 15 March 2015; accepted 17 August 2015. Abstract. The electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of bare, washed and nitric acid functionalized candle flame carbon soots were reported.

  6. The Chemical History of a Candle

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 7; Issue 3. The Chemical History of a Candle. Michael Faraday. Classics Volume 7 Issue 3 March 2002 pp 90-98. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/007/03/0090-0098. Author Affiliations.

  7. The Chemical History of a Candle

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 7; Issue 3. The Chemical History of a Candle. H R Madhusudan. Book Review Volume 7 Issue 3 March 2002 pp 87-89. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/007/03/0087-0089. Author Affiliations.

  8. The essential David Bohm

    CERN Document Server

    Nichol, Lee

    2002-01-01

    There are few scientists of the twentieth century whose life's work has created more excitement and controversy than that of physicist David Bohm (1917-1992). For the first time in a single volume, The Essential David Bohm offers a comprehensive overview of Bohm's original works from a non-technical perspective. Including three chapters of previously unpublished material, and a forward by the Dalai Lama, each reading has been selected to highlight some aspect of the implicate order process, and to provide an introduction to one of the most provocative thinkers of our time.

  9. David, Dr Joy Caesarina

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1982 Section: Medicine. David, Dr Joy Caesarina M.B.B.S., M.S. (Madras). Date of birth: 3 May 1927. Date of death: 20 April 2004. Specialization: Neuropharmacology Last known address: 292, 4th Main, 1st Block, Koramangala, Bengaluru 560 034. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook ...

  10. David Hockney Portraits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howgate, S.; Stern Shapiro, B.

    2007-01-01

    David Hockney is one of the most significant artists exploring and pushing the boundaries of figurative art today. He has been engaged with portraiture since his teenage years, when he painted Portrait of My Father (1955), and portraits of family, lovers, friends and well-known subjects represent an

  11. Interview with David Moore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossman, Allan; Dietz, E. Jacquelin; Moor, David

    2013-01-01

    David Moore is Professor Emeritus of Statistics at Purdue University. He served as the first President of the International Association for Statistical Education (IASE) from 1993-1995 and as President of the American Statistical Association (ASA) in 1998. He is a Fellow of the ASA and of the IMS and was awarded the ASA's Founders Award in…

  12. Gross, Prof. David J

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 2007 Honorary. Gross, Prof. David J. Date of birth: 1941. Address: Kavli Institute for Theoretical, Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4030, U.S.A.. Contact: Office: (+1-805) 893 7337. Residence: (+1-805) 963 8324. Fax: (+1-893) 893 2431. Email: gross@kitp.ucsb.edu. YouTube ...

  13. Recollections of David Marr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishihara, H K

    2012-01-01

    David Marr came to MIT's Artificial Intelligence (AI) Lab in the early 1970s and energized the study of vision at the intersection of computer science, psychology, and neuroscience. As one of his first graduate students, I had the privilege of getting to know him and working with him during that heady period of AI research.

  14. David R Syiemlieh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Union Public Service Commission, New Delhi. David R. Syiemlieh, formally a historian, joined as a Professor in the Department of History, NEHU, Shillong, in 1979. Concurrent with this position, he held at different times, Dean of Students' Welfare, Proctor, Director, College Development Council, and Head, Department of ...

  15. David Gale: Restless Pioneer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Walter

    2006-01-01

    David Gale was one of the mathematicians responsible for the modern form of the theory of duality in linear programming and the associated proof of the minimax theorem in the theory of games. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is Professor Emeritus of Mathematics and Operations Research at the University of California at…

  16. David Warner (1934 - 2003)

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    It is with great sadness that we learned that our friend and former colleague, David Warner, passed away on Christmas Eve. The funeral was held the following Monday. David was a "linac man". His career centred around linacs, but with a multitude of different subjects. He began at CERN by building the 3 MeV linac in the extension of the South Hall. He did pioneering work on this machine, which paved the way towards the design of the Alvarez cavities for the CERN Linac 2, for which he was responsible. After this challenge was successfully finished, David was the first member of the small but growing team, that was in charge of building the LEP Injector Linacs (LIL). After having been recognised as a proton linac expert, he quickly converted to electron linacs where he soon became the respected key expert for the design, parameters and ultimate performance of LIL. His predilection for precise and detailed documentation, and his vision that the know-how acquired with LIL should be preserved a...

  17. David Bowie's Hauntology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Steen Ledet

    David Bowie's now-defunct rock-opera trilogy's first installment 1. Outside is filled with uncanny mediations of rock music's chameleon. The inner sleeve booklet is titled The Diary of Nathan Adler, or the Ritual Art-Murder of Baby Grace Blue: A non-linear Gothic Drama Hyper-Cycle. Behind this long...... in uncanny forms, just as all images in the booklet are distorted images of Bowie himself, made into uncanny doubles. The story begins with the murder of Baby Grace Blue, who is enacted by Bowie himself. Symbolically, Bowie is murdered by himself, while Baby Grace haunts the entire album's Gothic...

  18. David Livingstone's uvulectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, A J

    2006-05-01

    In April 1852 in Cape Town, South Africa, Dr David Livingstone, then 39 years of age and yet to commence the explorations of Africa which would bring him to public attention, underwent the surgical procedure of uvulectomy. This article reviews the history of Livingstone's uvulectomy and its indications and outcome, as documented by his own writings. The practice of uvulectomy in indigenous African societies and some contemporary ideas about uvulectomy are also considered in order to try to ascertain why Livingstone elected to undergo this procedure.

  19. Pora prodavat znanija / David Tisch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tisch, David

    2006-01-01

    California Ülikooli (Berkeley) professor David Tisch teadmistepõhistest väärtustest ja nende mõjust konkurentsivõimele, konkurentsist innovatsiooniturul, Silicon Valley edu põhjustest, väikeste ja keskmiste ettevõtete osast innovatsioonis. Lisa: David Tisch

  20. Memories of David Kirzhnits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolotovsky, B. M.

    2013-06-01

    In the mid-1950s, a new staff member appeared at the Theory Division of the Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences (FIAN): David Abramovich Kirzhnits. A Moscow State University alumnus, after graduation he had been assigned to a large defense plant in the city of Gorky, where he had worked for several years as an engineer. He was "liberated" from there by Igor Evgenyevich Tamm, our department head, who managed to transfer him to FIAN. Igor Evgenyevich knew D. A. Kirzhnits - they had met in Moscow before Kirzhnits finished university. At that time Kirzhnits was performing thesis work with professor A. S. Kompaneyets as academic adviser. At his adviser's suggestion, D. Kirzhnits consulted with I. E. Tamm on questions pertaining to the thesis topic. I. E. Tamm took a great liking for the diploma student, and he even wanted to recruit D. A. Kirzhnits for the Theory Division immediately after graduation. But at that time (1949) this proved impossible for several reasons. First, D. Kirzhnits was, as they say, an "invalid of the fifth group" - a Jew - which during those years of violent struggle against cosmopolitanismb often proved an obstacle in looking for work. Second, during the years of mass repressions D. Kirzhnits' father had been arrested on treason charges (according to the charges, he had wanted to sell the Far East to Japan). After intensive investigation his father was released, but he lived only a little longer. Reports of this also could have impeded his acceptance. Third, Igor Evgenyevich didn't have enough weight in officials' eyes at that time and so was unable to overcome "first" and "second."...

  1. David Asbury (1950-2015)

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    It was with great sadness that we learned that David Asbury passed away in his sleep last week.   David joined CERN in 1984 after having worked for some years at RAL in the UK. He was a skilled programmer and systems engineer, and much appreciated by both users and colleagues at CERN. His contributions to IT services include the IBM mainframe workhorse CERN VM, the backup tape service and in recent years the version control services, until his well-deserved retirement at the end of March this year. We will all remember David for his friendly and helpful manners, and as a warm person who was always caring for others, particularly newcomers. David was also a passionate musician and active tennis player. He will be greatly missed by his colleagues. A memorial service took place at 11 a.m. on Monday, 14 December 2015 at the Auditoire Calvin next to the Cathedral in Geneva. His colleagues and friends

  2. Do Surrealismo em David Lynch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Tavares

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O surrealismo, como a arte do seu tempo, propõe uma nova estética, capaz de extrair o belo do absurdo e de instaurar o desvio para que daí surja, de fato, o real. Através da análise de algumas obras de David Lynch e dos livros Les champs magnétiques de Breton e Philippe Soupault e Poisson soluble, de Breton, irei mostrar a pertinência da designação surrealista para a obra do cineasta norte-americano. Lynch, como os surrealistas, constrói uma operação dialética entre o racional/irracional. Ao mesmo tempo em que opera no campo artístico em direção à irracionalidade absoluta, Lynch não nega a sua inserção na sociedade. Acredito que o realizador, como os surrealistas, tenha conseguido encontrar um equilíbrio entre as duas formas de se estar no mundo, racional/irracional, jogando com suas antíteses. O prazer do jogo surrealista consiste em ir até as profundezas do inconsciente e retornar com matéria suficiente para fazer uma obra de arte.Surrealism, as the art of its time, proposes a new aesthetics, one that is able to extract the beautiful from the absurd and to establish the swerve from the standard, from which, in fact, the real comes through. Through the analysis of some works by David Lynch, of Breton and Soupault's Les champs magnétiques, and of Breton's Poisson soluble, I will attempt to show the relevance of the surrealist designation for the work of the American filmmaker. Lynch, like the surrealists, builds a dialectic operation between the rational and the irrational. While operating in the artistic field towards absolute irrationality, Lynch does not deny its role in society. It is my belief that the director, as the surrealists, has managed to find a balance between the two ways of being in the world: rational and irrational; by playing with their antitheses. The pleasure of the surrealist game is to go to the depths of the unconscious and return with sufficient material to make a work of art out of it.

  3. Tallow Candles and Meaty Air in 'Bleak House'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Henchman

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In Charles Dickens’s 'Bleak House' there is a strange (and disgusting pattern of characters feeling that they can ‘taste’ the air, and that that air tastes either meaty or greasy. Esther notices that snuffing ‘two great office candles in tin candlesticks’ at Mrs Jellyby’s ‘made the room taste strongly of hot tallow’, the mutton or beef fat out of which inexpensive candles were made. In 'Bleak House', candles retain their sheepy atmospheres and release them into the surrounding air when consumed. Mrs Jellyby’s home and Mr Vholes’s office are just two places in which Dickens suggests that the process of turning organic animal bodies into urban commodities (candles, parchment, wigs has not quite been completed. Candles and parchment are part animal, part object, and they constantly threaten to revert back into their animal forms. The commodification of animal bodies occurs primarily in the city, where parts of formerly living bodies are manufactured into things. Filled with the smell of burning chops or a spontaneously combusted human, Dickens’s greasier atmospheres contain animal matter suspended in the air that the characters smell, taste, and touch. Once we realize that the apparent smell of chops and candles is, in fact, Krook’s body, this act of taking the air becomes a form of cannibalism that is at least as unsettling as Michael Pollan’s recent account of cows being fed cow parts in factory farms. Drawing on this insight and on Allen MacDuffie’s analyses of energy systems in 'Bleak House', this article focuses on instances in which Dickens defamiliarizes the human consumption of energy by having his characters unintentionally ingest animal particles. Studying Dickens’s treatment of animal fat suspended in air adds a new dimension to recent work on systems of energy expenditure and exchange in an age of industrial capitalism.

  4. Optimized Design and Discussion on Middle and Large CANDLE Reactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoming Chai

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available CANDLE (Constant Axial shape of Neutron flux, nuclide number densities and power shape During Life of Energy producing reactor reactors have been intensively researched in the last decades [1–6]. Research shows that this kind of reactor is highly economical, safe and efficiently saves resources, thus extending large scale fission nuclear energy utilization for thousands of years, benefitting the whole of society. For many developing countries with a large population and high energy demands, such as China and India, middle (1000 MWth and large (2000 MWth CANDLE fast reactors are obviously more suitable than small reactors [2]. In this paper, the middle and large CANDLE reactors are investigated with U-Pu and combined ThU-UPu fuel cycles, aiming to utilize the abundant thorium resources and optimize the radial power distribution. To achieve these design purposes, the present designs were utilized, simply dividing the core into two fuel regions in the radial direction. The less active fuel, such as thorium or natural uranium, was loaded in the inner core region and the fuel with low-level enrichment, e.g. 2.0% enriched uranium, was loaded in the outer core region. By this simple core configuration and fuel setting, rather than using a complicated method, we can obtain the desired middle and large CANDLE fast cores with reasonable core geometry and thermal hydraulic parameters that perform safely and economically; as is to be expected from CANDLE. To assist in understanding the CANDLE reactor’s attributes, analysis and discussion of the calculation results achieved are provided.

  5. David Ferrier: brain drawings and brain maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazar, J Wayne

    2013-01-01

    This chapter has two emphases, one is about the men who influenced the visual representations that David Ferrier (1843-1928) used to illustrate his work on localization of brain functions during the years 1873-1875, namely, Alexander Ecker, John C. Galton, and Ernest Waterlow, and the other is about the nature of medical representations and of Ferrier's illustrations in particular. Medical illustrations are characterized either as pictures, line drawings, or brain maps. Ferrier's illustrations will be shown to be increasingly sophisticated brain maps that contrast with early nineteenth-century standards of medical illustrations, as exemplified by John Bell (1763-1829). © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Response to David Temperley's Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Thomson

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The author responds to points raised in David Temperley’s commentary, which appeared in Vol. 1, No. 2 of Empirical Musicology Review. The response includes a discussion of strengths and limitations of atemporal models of musical perception, with particular attention to presentations such as those of Carol Krumhansl and Fred Lerdahl.

  7. 75 FR 49475 - Petroleum Wax Candles From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... research firm in Malaysia on producers' prices for candles made and sold in Malaysia and stated that the... specially designed for Christmas. That is, they are holiday scenes and symbols. Both candles are square... from the People's Republic of China (PRC). Christmas novelty candles are candles specially designed for...

  8. 75 FR 38121 - Petroleum Wax Candles From China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... paper-cored wicks and containing any amount of petroleum wax, except for candles containing more than 50... investigation. The Commission's designated agency ethics official has advised that a five-year review is not... Office of Government Ethics. Consequently, former employees are not required to seek Commission approval...

  9. Demonstrating Sound Wave Propagation with Candle Flame and Loudspeaker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrepic, Zdeslav; Nettles, Corey; Bonilla, Chelsea

    2013-01-01

    The motion of a candle flame in front of a loudspeaker has been suggested as a productive demonstration of the longitudinal wave nature of sound. The demonstration has been used also as a research tool to investigate students' understanding about sound. The underpinning of both applications is the expectation of a horizontal, back-and-forth…

  10. New Scientific Aspects of the "Burning Candle" Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massalha, Taha

    2016-01-01

    The "burning candle" experiment is used in middle school education programs to prove that air contains a component that is essential to burning (i.e., oxygen). The accepted interpretation taught by teachers in middle school is this: when burning occurs, oxygen is used up, creating an underpressure that causes a rise in water level inside…

  11. Proper Use of Candles During a Power Outage

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2006-08-10

    Home fires are a threat after a natural disaster and fire trucks may have trouble getting to your home. If the power is out, use flashlights or other battery-powered lights if possible, instead of candles.  Created: 8/10/2006 by Emergency Communications System.   Date Released: 8/20/2008.

  12. Using Quasars as Standard Candles for Studying Dark Energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denney, Kelly D.; Vestergaard, Marianne; Watson, D.

    2012-01-01

    , which relies on the technique of reverberation mapping to measure time delays between the quasar continuum and emission line variability signatures. Measuring this time delay effectively measures the radius between the central source and the emission-line gas. The emission line gas is photo...... forecasts demonstrating the power this method can have over, e.g., SNe, to constrain dark energy parameters by extending to higher redshifts than can currently be probed with any other technique....

  13. Reconstructing cosmological matter perturbations using standard candles and rulers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alam, Ujjaini [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sahni, Varun [IUCAA, PUNE; Starobinsky, Alexei A [LANDAU INST, MOSCOW

    2008-01-01

    For a large class of dark energy (DE) models, for which the effective gravitational constant is a constant and there is no direct exchange of energy between DE and dark matter (DM), knowledge of the expansion history suffices to reconstruct the growth factor of linearized density perturbations in the non-relativistic matter component on scales much smaller than the Hubble distance. In this paper, we develop a non-parametric method for extracting information about the perturbative growth factor from data pertaining to the luminosity or angular size distances. A comparison of the reconstructed density contrast with observations of large-scale structure and gravitational lensing can help distinguish DE models such as the cosmological constant and quintessence from models based on modified gravity theories as well as models in which DE and DM are either unified or interact directly. We show that for current supernovae (SNe) data, the linear growth factor at z = 0.3 can be constrained to 5% and the linear growth rate to 6%. With future SNe data, such as expected from the Joint Dark Energy Mission, we may be able to constrain the growth factor to 2%-3% and the growth rate to 3%-4% at z = 0.3 with this unbiased, model-independent reconstruction method. For future baryon acoustic oscillation data which would deliver measurements of both the angular diameter distance and the Hubble parameter, it should be possible to constrain the growth factor at z = 2.5%-9%. These constraints grow tighter with the errors on the data sets. With a large quantity of data expected in the next few years, this method can emerge as a competitive tool for distinguishing between different models of dark energy.

  14. King, Prof. Sir David Anthony

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1998 Honorary. King, Prof. Sir David Anthony Sc.D., FRS. Date of birth: 12 August 1939. Address: Chief Scientific Adivser & Head, Office of Science and Innovation, London SW1H 0ET, U.K.. Contact: Office: (+44-020) 7215 3821. Fax: (+44-020) 7215 0314. Email: mpst.king@dti.gsi.gov.uk, dak10@cus.cam.ac.uk.

  15. Light a CANDLE. An innovative burnup strategy of nuclear reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sekimoto, Hiroshi

    2005-11-01

    CANDLE is a new burnup strategy for nuclear reactors, which stands for Constant Axial Shape of Neutron Flux, Nuclide Densities and Power Shape During Life of Energy Production. When this candle-like burnup strategy is adopted, although the fuel is fixed in a reactor core, the burning region moves, at a speed proportionate to the power output, along the direction of the core axis without changing the spatial distribution of the number density of the nuclides, neutron flux, and power density. Excess reactivity is not necessary for burnup and the shape of the power distribution and core characteristics do not change with the progress of burnup. It is not necessary to use control rods for the control of the burnup. This booklet described the concept of the CANDLE burnup strategy with basic explanations of excess neutrons and its specific application to a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor and a fast reactor with excellent neutron economy. Supplementary issues concerning the initial core and high burnup were also referred. (T. Tanaka)

  16. Candle light-style OLED: a plausibly human-friendly safe night light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jou, Jwo-Huei; Chen, Po-Wei; Hsieh, Chun-Yu; Wang, Ching-Chiun; Chen, Chien-Chih; Tung, F.-C.; Chen, Szu-Hao; Wang, Yi-Shan

    2013-09-01

    Candles emit sensationally-warm light with a very-low color-temperature, comparatively most suitable for use at night. In response to the need for such a human-friendly night light, we demonstrate the employment of a high number of candle light complementary organic emitters to generate mimic candle light based on organic light emitting diode (OLED). One resultant candle light-style OLED shows a very-high color rendering index, with an efficacy at least 300 times that of candles or twice that of an incandescent bulb. The device can be fabricated, for example, by using four candle light complementary emitters, namely: red, yellow, green, and sky-blue phosphorescent dyes, vacuum-deposited into two emission layers, separated by a nano-layer of carrier modulation material to maximize both the desirable very-high color rendering index and energy efficiency, while keeping the blue emission very low and red emission high to obtain the desirable low color temperature. With different layer structures, the OLEDs can also show color tunable between that of candle light and dusk-hue. Importantly, a romantic sensation giving and supposedly physiologically-friendly candle light-style emission can hence be driven by electricity in lieu of the hydrocarbon-burning and greenhouse gas releasing candles that were invented 5,000 years ago.

  17. David Owen Williams (1944 - 2006)

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    Many people, not only at CERN but also throughout the world, were saddened to learn that their friend and colleague David Williams had passed away in the early hours of Tuesday 24 October. His death came after a year of fighting cancer with all of his usual determination and optimism. Even days before the end he was still welcoming to visitors, and was alert and interested in all their news. Born in 1944, David came to CERN from the University of Cambridge in 1966, with a degree in Physics and Computer Science. Joining what at the time was called the Documents and Data (DD) Division, in the earlier part his career he worked first on software for analysis of bubble chamber photographs, subsequently leading the group that supported experiments with 'hybrids' of bubble chambers and electronic detectors and then the group supporting online computing in experiments. He thus witnessed all of the enormous changes that took place in particle physics as the era of bubble chambers came to an end and the availability ...

  18. Distributed Access View Integrated Database (DAVID) system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Barry E.

    1991-01-01

    The Distributed Access View Integrated Database (DAVID) System, which was adopted by the Astrophysics Division for their Astrophysics Data System, is a solution to the system heterogeneity problem. The heterogeneous components of the Astrophysics problem is outlined. The Library and Library Consortium levels of the DAVID approach are described. The 'books' and 'kits' level is discussed. The Universal Object Typer Management System level is described. The relation of the DAVID project with the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program is explained.

  19. A Star of David catenane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leigh, David A; Pritchard, Robin G; Stephens, Alexander J

    2014-11-01

    We describe the synthesis of a [2]catenane that consists of two triply entwined 114-membered rings, a molecular link. The woven scaffold is a hexameric circular helicate generated by the assembly of six tris(bipyridine) ligands with six iron(II) cations, with the size of the helicate promoted by the use of sulfate counterions. The structure of the ligand extension directs subsequent covalent capture of the catenane by ring-closing olefin metathesis. Confirmation of the Star of David topology (two rings, six crossings) is provided by NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography. Extraction of the iron(II) ions with tetrasodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate affords the wholly organic molecular link. The self-assembly of interwoven circular frameworks of controlled size, and their subsequent closure by multiple directed covalent bond-forming reactions, provides a powerful strategy for the synthesis of molecular topologies of ever-increasing complexity.

  20. A Star of David catenane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leigh, David A.; Pritchard, Robin G.; Stephens, Alexander J.

    2014-11-01

    We describe the synthesis of a [2]catenane that consists of two triply entwined 114-membered rings, a molecular link. The woven scaffold is a hexameric circular helicate generated by the assembly of six tris(bipyridine) ligands with six iron(II) cations, with the size of the helicate promoted by the use of sulfate counterions. The structure of the ligand extension directs subsequent covalent capture of the catenane by ring-closing olefin metathesis. Confirmation of the Star of David topology (two rings, six crossings) is provided by NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography. Extraction of the iron(II) ions with tetrasodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate affords the wholly organic molecular link. The self-assembly of interwoven circular frameworks of controlled size, and their subsequent closure by multiple directed covalent bond-forming reactions, provides a powerful strategy for the synthesis of molecular topologies of ever-increasing complexity.

  1. David Mechanic: Professional Zombie Hunter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafferty, Frederic W; Tilburt, Jon

    2016-08-01

    Within the fields of medicine and sociology, the descriptor "profession" (along with its brethren: profession, professionalization, and professionalism) has had a rich etymological history, with terms taking on different meanings at different times-sometimes trespassing into shibboleth and jargon. This etymological journey has co-evolved with the career of David Mechanic to whom this issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law is devoted. We exploit a provocative metaphor applied to Mechanic's work on the challenges facing medicine as a profession as a playful exegesis on what we call "profession" to excavate an ensconced and encrusted domain of health jargon operating at the tensive interface of society and modern medical work. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press.

  2. Qualifications of Candle Filters for Combined Cycle Combustion Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomasz Wiltowski

    2008-08-31

    The direct firing of coal produces particulate matter that has to be removed for environmental and process reasons. In order to increase the current advanced coal combustion processes, under the U.S. Department of Energy's auspices, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (SWPC) has developed ceramic candle filters that can operate at high temperatures. The Coal Research Center of Southern Illinois University (SIUC), in collaboration with SWPC, developed a program for long-term filter testing at the SIUC Steam Plant followed by experiments using a single-filter reactor unit. The objectives of this program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy were to identify and demonstrate the stability of porous candle filter elements for use in high temperature atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion (AFBC) process applications. These verifications were accomplished through extended time slipstream testing of a candle filter array under AFBC conditions using SIUC's existing AFBC boiler. Temperature, mass flow rate, and differential pressure across the filter array were monitored for a duration of 45 days. After test exposure at SIUC, the filter elements were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy and BET surface area analyses. In addition, a single-filter reactor was built and utilized to study long term filter operation, the permeability exhibited by a filter element before and after the slipstream test, and the thermal shock resilience of a used filter by observing differential pressure changes upon rapid heating and cooling of the filter. The data acquired during the slipstream test and the post-test evaluations demonstrated the suitability of filter elements in advanced power generation applications.

  3. David Schwartz | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    David Schwartz is the Director of IDRC's Donor Partnerships Division. David joined IDRC in 2002 and has held the director post since 2010. His previous experience includes working in the financial sector at CIBC World Markets and field work on commercializing microfinance in Bolivia. He holds a master's in ...

  4. 76 FR 773 - Petroleum Wax Candles From the People's Republic of China: Continuation of Antidumping Duty Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-06

    ... International Trade Administration Petroleum Wax Candles From the People's Republic of China: Continuation of... the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from the People's Republic of China (``PRC... of initiation of the sunset review of the antidumping duty order on petroleum wax candles from the...

  5. Observations on the CANDLE burn-up in various geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seifritz, W.

    2007-01-01

    We have looked at all geometrical conditions under which an auto catalytically propagating burnup wave (CANDLE burn-up) is possible. Thereby, the Sine Gordon equation finds a new place in the burn-up theory of nuclear fission reactors. For a practical reactor design the axially burning 'spaghetti' reactor and the azimuthally burning 'pancake' reactor, respectively, seem to be the most promising geometries for a practical reactor design. Radial and spherical burn-waves in cylindrical and spherical geometry, respectively, are principally impossible. Also, the possible applicability of such fission burn-waves on the OKLO-phenomenon and the GEOREACTOR in the center of Earth, postulated by Herndon, is discussed. A fast CANDLE-reactor can work with only depleted uranium. Therefore, uranium mining and uranium-enrichment are not necessary anymore. Furthermore, it is also possible to dispense with reprocessing because the uranium utilization factor is as high as about 40%. Thus, this completely new reactor type can open a new era of reactor technology

  6. Moeten we David en Patrick beter informeren?

    OpenAIRE

    Roels, Frank

    2018-01-01

    David Van Reybrouck and Patrick Loobuyck were elected as 2nd and 3rd influential Flemish intellectual. Their opinion about the social democrats, and about the course of morals in schools (as expressed in an interview), is not based on primary sources. We show that political parties and trade unions provide lots of information that however is ignored by commercial media. This leads to incomplete and false perceptions. David and Patrick also propose to introduce a mandatory course about ethics ...

  7. Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Photo 01: Dr. David Syz (left) with Professor Roger Cashmore, Research Director for Collider Programmes.Photo 02: Dr. David Syz signing the VIP visitors' book, with Prof. Roger Cashmore.Photo 03: Dr. David Syz signing the VIP visitors' book.Photo 04: Handshake between Dr. David Syz (left) and Prof. Roger Cashmore.

  8. Using slow-release permanganate candles to remediate PAH-contaminated water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rauscher, Lindy; Sakulthaew, Chainarong; Comfort, Steve

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► We quantified the efficacy of slow-release permanganate-paraffin candles to degrade and mineralize PAHs. ► 14 C-labeled PAHs were used to quantify both adsorption and transformation. ► Permanganate-treated PAHs were more biodegradable in soil microcosms. ► A flow-through candle system was used to quantify PAH removal in urban runoff. - Abstract: Surface waters impacted by urban runoff in metropolitan areas are becoming increasingly contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Slow-release oxidant candles (paraffin–KMnO 4 ) are a relatively new technology being used to treat contaminated groundwater and could potentially be used to treat urban runoff. Given that these candles only release permanganate when submerged, the ephemeral nature of runoff events would influence when the permanganate is released for treating PAHs. Our objective was to determine if slow-release permanganate candles could be used to degrade and mineralize PAHs. Batch experiments quantified PAH degradation rates in the presence of the oxidant candles. Results showed most of the 16 PAHs tested were degraded within 2–4 h. Using 14 C-labled phenanthrene and benzo(a)pyrene, we demonstrated that the wax matrix of the candle initially adsorbs the PAH, but then releases the PAH back into solution as transformed, more water soluble products. While permanganate was unable to mineralize the PAHs (i.e., convert to CO 2 ), we found that the permanganate-treated PAHs were much more biodegradable in soil microcosms. To test the concept of using candles to treat PAHs in multiple runoff events, we used a flow-through system where urban runoff water was pumped over a miniature candle in repetitive wet–dry, 24-h cycles. Results showed that the candle was robust in removing PAHs by repeatedly releasing permanganate and degrading the PAHs. These results provide proof-of-concept that permanganate candles could potentially provide a low-cost, low-maintenance approach to

  9. Obituary: David Stanley Evans, 1916-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bash, Frank N.

    2005-12-01

    David Stanley Evans died on 14 November 2004 in Austin, Texas. He was a noted observational astronomer whose career was divided between South Africa and Texas. He also used the extensive historical collections at the University of Texas to write several books on the history of astronomy. He was born in Cardiff, Wales on 28 January 1916. David received his BA degree in mathematics in 1937 from Kings College, Cambridge. He became a PhD student at Cambridge Observatory in 1937, and was one of Sir Arthur Eddington's last surviving students. He received his PhD degree in 1941 with a dissertation entitled, "The Formation of the Balmer Series of Hydrogen in Stellar Atmospheres." He was a conscientious objector to war and, thus, spent the war years at Oxford working with physicist Kurt Mendelssohn on medical problems, involving cadavers, relating to the war. During these years, David was scientific editor of "Discovery", and he was editor of "The Observatory". David left England in 1946 in order to take up the position of Second Assistant at the Radcliffe Observatory, Pretoria, South Africa. He and H. Knox Shaw were the entire staff after R. O. Redman left, and they aluminized and installed the mirrors in the 74-inch telescope. His notable scientific contribution was to use lunar occultations to measure stellar angular diameters during the 1950s. He succeeded in determining the angular diameter of Antares and determined that Arcturus was not circular but had an elliptical shape. The elliptical shape was later shown to be an instrumental artifact, but the utility of using lunar occultations to measure stellar diameters and stellar multiplicity was conclusively demonstrated. T. Gold presented David's paper on lunar occultation angular diameters at the January 1953 meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society. For the rest of his life, David resented Gold's remarks, because he felt that he had been ridiculed. By 1953, David Evans was Chief Assistant at the Royal Observatory

  10. Family Matters: A Conversation with David Popenoe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iannone, Carol

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Professor David Popenoe, author of the controversial book "Disturbing the Nest: Family Change and Decline in Modern Societies" (1988). Popenoe heads the National Marriage Project at Rutgers University, where he taught sociology for forty-five years until his recent retirement. Here, Popenoe discusses his…

  11. David Bohm’s Quantum Mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Bohm’s interpretation of Quantum Mechanics appears as one of the main alternatives to the hegemonic model proposed by the Copenhagen School. This works aims at making a concise presentation of the outlines and the main conceptual framework of the approach followed by David Bohm.

  12. David Ben-Gurion: A Creative Leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosemarin, Shoshana

    2014-01-01

    David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973), the first Prime Minister of Israel, is included in Pasternak's (2001) list of the nine most memorable leaders of the twentieth century. All of them are remembered for the reforms they initiated. Roosevelt (USA), Stalin (Russia), Castro (Cuba), and Thatcher (England) focused on social-economical changes, whereas Gandhi…

  13. Unravelling the Franklin Mystery, Second Edition with David C. Woodman

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burke, Danita Catherine

    2017-01-01

    This is a forthcoming book review of David C. Woodman's second edition of his book "Unravelling the Franklin Mystery."......This is a forthcoming book review of David C. Woodman's second edition of his book "Unravelling the Franklin Mystery."...

  14. Interface between astrophysical datasets and distributed database management systems (DAVID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyengar, S. S.

    1988-01-01

    This is a status report on the progress of the DAVID (Distributed Access View Integrated Database Management System) project being carried out at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The objective is to implement an interface between Astrophysical datasets and DAVID. Discussed are design details and implementation specifics between DAVID and astrophysical datasets.

  15. David's Dying Directives according to Josephus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begg, Christopher

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available 1 Kgs 2,1-9, «the testament of David», records the king's final instructions to his son Solomon. This article offers a detailed study of Josephus' version (Ant. 7.383- 388 of the testament in relation to its biblical source. The study focusses particularly on the textual affinities of Josephus' presentation, given the differences among the various ancient versions (MT, LXX, Targum of the testament. The article likewise examines the range of re-writing techniques utilized by Josephus in Ant. 7.383-388 and their contribution in generating a distinctive rendition of David's testament.

    1 Re 2,1-9, «el testamento de David», recoge las últimas instrucciones del rey para su hijo Salomón. Este artículo ofrece un detallado estudio de la versión de Josefo (Ant. 7.383-388 del testamento en relación con su fuente bíblica. El estudio se centra especialmente en las afinidades textuales de la presentación de Josefo, a la vista de las diferencias entre las distintas versiones antiguas del testamento (TM, LXX, Targum. Así mismo, el artículo examina las diferentes técnicas de reescritura empleadas por Josefo en Ant. 7.383-388 y su contribución a la producción de una versión diferenciada del testamento de David.

  16. FTIR Study of Comustion Species in Several Regions of a Candle Flame

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Allen R.

    2013-06-01

    The complex chemical structure of the fuel in a candle flame, parafin, is broken down into smaller hydrocarbons in the dark region just above the candle wick during combustion. This creates fuel-rich, fuel-lean, hydrocarbon reaction, and combustion product regions in the flame during combustion that are spectroscopically rich, particularly in the infrared. IR emissions were measured for each reaction region via collection optics focused into an FTIR and used to identify IR active species present in that region and, when possible, temperature of the sampling region. The results of the measurements are useful for combustion reaction modeling as well as for future validation of mass spectroscopy sampling systems.

  17. Forging Futures with Teens and Science Fiction: A Conversation with Greg Bear and David Brin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moltz, Sandy

    2003-01-01

    Presents an interview with Greg Bear and David Brin, two science fiction writers who started Reading for the Future, an international project geared toward secondary school students that shows teachers and librarians how science fiction inspires young readers. Discusses programs that have come out of this group; standards for books geared toward…

  18. Lung inflammation and genotoxicity in mice lungs after pulmonary exposure to candle light combustion particles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovmand, Astrid; Damiao Gouveia, Ana Cecilia; Koponen, Ismo Kalevi

    2017-01-01

    Candle burning produces a large amount of particles that contribute substantially to the exposure to indoor particulate matter. The exposures to various types of combustion particles, such as diesel exhaust particles, have been associated with increased risk of lung cancer by mechanisms that invo...

  19. Burning a Candle in a Vessel, a Simple Experiment with a Long History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vera, Francisco; Rivera, Rodrigo; Nunez, Cesar

    2011-01-01

    The experiment in which a candle is burned inside an inverted vessel partially immersed in water has a history of more than 2,200 years, but even nowadays it is common that students and teachers relate the change in volume of the enclosed air to its oxygen content. Contrary to what many people think, Lavoisier concluded that any change in volume…

  20. CANDLES - Search for Neutrino-less Double Beta Decay of 48Ca

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umehara, Saori; Candles Collaboration

    2014-09-01

    CANDLES is the project to search for neutrino-less double beta decay (0 νββ) of 48Ca. The CANDLES system aims at a high sensitive measurement by a characteristic detector system and 48Ca enrichment. The system realizes a complete 4 π active shield by immersing the CaF2 scintillators in liquid scintillator. The active shield by the liquid scintillator will effectively reject background events from external origins. On the other band, we have studied 48Ca enrichment and succeeded in obtaining enriched 48Ca although it is a small amount. Now we have developed the CANDLES III system, which contained 350 g of 48Ca without enrichment, at the Kamioka underground laboratory. Two improvements, a light-concentration system and a new DAQ system, were installed for the CANDLES III system. The light-concentration system improved a energy resolution by increasing a PMT photo-coverage by 80%. The new DAQ system, which is a dead time less system, improved a rejection efficiency for a characteristic background origin. We checked detector performance with the light-concentration system and the new DAQ system. Here we will report the detector performance for background rejection and the expected sensitivity with the two improvements.

  1. Subject in Tractatus according to David Pears

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Hoseinzadeh Yazdi

    2013-03-01

    Considering the centrality of subjectivism in modern philosophy, this article attempts to explain subject in Tractatus according to David Pears. A review of Wittgenstein’s earlier teachings reveals that he considers a fundamental limitation for language. The subject serves as a point of view from which the language can be understood. The subject is the presupposition of understanding. Another way of putting this would be to say that any experience is understood from a point of view which is not represented in that experience. Regarding this, it seems that earlier Wittgenstein is somehow subjectivist. This specific form of subjectivism is different from Kantian subjectivism.

  2. David Maljković. Riflessioni sulla memoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Rossi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Si analizza il lavoro dell'artista croato David Maljković (Rijeka 1973- che ha continuato a tessere relazioni con il passato, non solo del proprio paese ma anche con la memoria storica e artistica dell'Italia. A partire dalla mostra Italia Italie Italien Italy Whocky (2008, le ricerche che legano l'artista al nostro paese si sono intensificate fino ad arrivare alla sua prima personale in un museo italiano, Sources in the Air (ottobre 2013 presso la GAMeC di Bergamo.

  3. David W. Krogmann, 1931-2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Jerry J; Kerfeld, Cheryl A; Cramer, William A; Govindjee

    2017-04-01

    We provide here reflections on the life and career of David W. Krogmann (1931-2016), a great scientist, a mentor and an outstanding teacher, who had a remarkable impact on anyone who came in contact with him. Dave was a pillar of photosynthesis at Purdue University, and an international authority on electron transfer intermediates in oxygenic photosynthesis, particularly the soluble cytochromes. The photosynthetic system of his choice was cyanobacteria, and one of his major discoveries was the Orange Carotenoid Protein in these microrganisms.

  4. David Hume: Dios y el hecho religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Oneca Agurruza

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El objeto del presente estudio es ahondar en la concepción religiosa de David Hume y en su idea de Dios, así como profundizar en este interesante pilar de su estructura filosófico-empírica. El contexto histórico-filosófico en el cual este autor investigó sobre dicho tema, así como las diferentes visiones del mencionado objeto de estudio, serán, por tanto, tenidas en suficiente consideración.

  5. 76 FR 46277 - Petroleum Wax Candles From the People's Republic of China: Final Results of Request for Comments...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-02

    ... solicited comments from interested parties on the best method to consider whether novelty candles should or..., LLC, and Accent Imports, respectively, for scope rulings to determine whether each company's...

  6. Subject in Tractatus according to David Pears

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Hoseinzadeh Yazdi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Subjectivism is viewed as one of the most fundamental underpinnings of modern philosophy. In modern philosophy, subject takes up a new position in human knowledge. The formation of the concept of subject is a decisive turn with which the modern philosophy starts. Considering the centrality of subjectivism in modern philosophy, this article attempts to explain subject in Tractatus according to David Pears. A review of Wittgenstein’s earlier teachings reveals that he considers a fundamental limitation for language. The subject serves as a point of view from which the language can be understood. The subject is the presupposition of understanding. Another way of putting this would be to say that any experience is understood from a point of view which is not represented in that experience. Regarding this, it seems that earlier Wittgenstein is somehow subjectivist. This specific form of subjectivism is different from Kantian subjectivism.

  7. David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Lee; Kavanagh, David

    2013-09-01

    Presents an obituary for David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012). A distinguished psychologist and professor emeritus at Stanford University, Rosenhan died February 6, 2012, at the age of 82, after a long illness. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on November 22, 1929, he received a bachelor's degree in mathematics (1951) from Yeshiva College and a master's degree in economics (1953) and a doctorate in psychology (1958) from Columbia University. A professor of law and of psychology at Stanford University from 1971 until his retirement in 1998, Rosenhan was a pioneer in applying psychological methods to the practice of law, including the examination of expert witnesses, jury selection, and jury deliberation. A former president of the American Psychology-Law Society and of the American Board of Forensic Psychology, Rosenhan was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, of the American Psychological Association, and of the American Psychological Society. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty, he was a member of the faculties of Swarthmore College, Princeton University, Haverford College, and the University of Pennsylvania. He also served as a research psychologist at the Educational Testing Service. As generations of Stanford students can attest, David Rosenhan was a spellbinding lecturer who managed to convey the sense that he was speaking to each individual, no matter how large the group. To his graduate students, he was consistently encouraging and optimistic, always ready to share a joke or story, and gently encouraging of their creativity and progressive independence as researchers. The lessons he cared most about offering, in the classroom as in his research, were about human dignity and the need to confront abuse of power and human frailties. © 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  8. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2007-01-01

    Rmt.: Sergejev, Vladimir ; Vseviov, David. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge : aegade algusest kuni Vassili III-ni. Tallinn : Valgus, 2002 ; Sergejev, Vladimir ; Vseviov, David. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge : vürstiriigist tsaaririigiks. Ivan IV. Tallinn : Valgus, 2007.

  9. Correspondentie David van Dantzig-Gerrit Mannoury : historische notitie SEN

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Siegenbeek van Heukelom; G. Alberts (Gerard)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractCorrespondence David van Dantzig--Gerrit Mannoury October 23rd 1917, after the second lecture in a course on analytical geometry David van Dantzig, student of chemistry, wrote a long letter to the professor of mathematics Gerrit Mannoury. It proved the starting point of a life-long

  10. Obituary: David L. Band (1957-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cominsky, Lynn

    2011-12-01

    David L. Band, of Potomac Maryland, died on March 16, 2009 succumbing to a long battle with spinal cord cancer. His death at the age of 52 came as a shock to his many friends and colleagues in the physics and astronomy community. Band showed an early interest and exceptional aptitude for physics, leading to his acceptance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an undergraduate student in 1975. After graduating from MIT with an undergraduate degree in Physics, Band continued as a graduate student in Physics at Harvard University. His emerging interest in Astrophysics led him to the Astronomy Department at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), where he did his dissertation work with Jonathan Grindlay. His dissertation (1985) entitled "Non-thermal Radiation Mechanisms and Processes in SS433 and Active Galactic Nuclei" was "pioneering work on the physics of jets arising from black holes and models for their emission, including self-absorption, which previewed much to come, and even David's own later work on Gamma-ray Bursts," according to Grindlay who remained a personal friend and colleague of Band's. Following graduate school, Band held postdoctoral positions at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, the University of California at Berkeley and the Center for Astronomy and Space Sciences at the University of California San Diego where he worked on the BATSE experiment that was part of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), launched in 1991. BATSE had as its main objective the study of cosmic gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and made significant advances in this area of research. Band became a world-renowned figure in the emerging field of GRB studies. He is best known for his widely-used analytic form of gamma-ray burst spectra known as the "Band Function." After the CGRO mission ended, Band moved to the Los Alamos National Laboratory where he worked mainly on classified research but continued to work on GRB energetics and spectra. When NASA planned

  11. David Cronenberg y el cuerpo abierto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Rodríguez Ahumada

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad actual, la relación entre el cuerpo y la tecnología ha planteado una de las fisuras más importantes en la concepción de la subjetividad. La enigmática y fascinante relación entre el humano y la máquina, explorada tanto por el cine como por otros (viejos y nuevos medios en el ámbito de la ciencia ficción, ha planteado la figura del cyborg u organismo cibernético como una criatura híbrida, ambigua, que rompe con la dicotomía naturaleza-artificialidad. ¿Cómo leer los nuevos productos culturales que surgen a raíz de la revolución tecnológica? El objeto de este estudio es Crash (David Cronenberg ,1995, que parte de una interpretación audiovisual de la novela de J.G. Ballard y aborda las fantasías de hibridación del yo con el otro, de lo orgánico con lo inorgánico; en últimas, de cuerpos en tránsito.

  12. Boundaries and interfaces in materials: The David A. Smith symposium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pond, R.C.; Clark, W.A.T.; King, A.H.; Williams, D.B.

    1998-01-01

    Just over a year ago David Smith died. Then the loss of a distinguished scientist and dedicated teacher was mourned. Now it is time to celebrate his accomplishments both as a scientist and teacher and this book serves as a reminder of his many contributions to the field of boundaries and interfaces. Researchers from ten countries contributed their work to the symposium, many of whom were former students of David from his years in Oxford. This emphasizes David's tremendous effect on the career of many established scientists through his role as both a teacher and an advisor. Separate abstracts were prepared for 38 papers in this book

  13. Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland, toured the assembly hall of the ATLAS experiment on a recent visit to CERN.Photos 01, 02: Dr. Peter Jenni, spokesperson for the ATLAS experiment (second from left), explains to Dr. David Syz (fourth from left) and accompanying visitors the process of integration of a 26-metre-long coil of the barrel toroid magnet system into its coil casing.Photo 03: Dr. Peter Jenni (extreme right) with Dr. David Syz (front row, fourth from right) behind a stack of 26-metre-long 'racetrack' coils awaiting integration into their coil casings.

  14. Ultra Long Period Cepheids: a primary standard candle up to the Hubble flow.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Saha, Abhijit; Fiorentino, Giuliana; Aloisi, Alessandra; van der Marel, Roeland; Annibali, Francesca; Clementini, Gisella; Tosi, Monica; Marconi, Marcella; Musella, Ilaria

    The cosmological distance ladder crucially depends on Classical Cepheids (CCs, with P=3-70d), which are primary distance indicators up to 25 Mpc. Within this volume, only a few SNe Ia have been calibrated through CCs, and even these carry uncertainties from the non-linearity and the metallicity

  15. When a Standard Candle Flickers: Crab Nebula Variations in Hard X-rays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson-Hodge, Colleen A.

    2012-01-01

    The Crab Nebula was surprisingly variable from 2001-2010, with less variability before 2001 and since mid-2010. We presented evidence for spectral softening from RXTE, Swift/BAT, and Fermi GBM during the mid-2008-2010 flux decline. We will miss RXTE, but will continue our monitoring program using Fermi/GBM, MAXI, and Swift/BAT.

  16. NOAA Ship David Starr Jordan Underway Meteorological Data, Quality Controlled

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA Ship David Starr Jordan Underway Meteorological Data (delayed ~10 days for quality control) are from the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic...

  17. Eesti keel barbarite suus / David J. Peterson ; intervjueerinud Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, David J.

    2011-01-01

    USA telekanali HBO telesarjas "Troonide mäng" (mis on George R. R. Martini "Jää ja tule laulu" sarja esimese raamatu "Troonide mäng" teleekraniseering) tegeles dothraki keele loomisega keeleteadlane David J. Peterson

  18. David Malament and the Conventionality of Simultaneity: A Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grünbaum, Adolf

    2010-10-01

    In 1977, David Malament proved the valuable technical result that the simultaneity relation of standard synchrony ɛ=1/2 with respect to an inertial observer O is uniquely definable in terms of the relation κ of causal connectibility. And he claimed that this definability undermines my own version of the conventionality of metrical simultaneity within an inertial frame. But Malament’s proof depends on the imposition of several supposedly “innocuous” constraints on any candidate for the simultaneity relation relative to O. Relying on Allen I. Janis’s 1983 challenge to one of these constraints, I argue that Malament’s technical result did not undermine my philosophical construal of the ontological status of relative metrical simultaneity. Furthermore, I show that (a) Michael Friedman’s peremptorily substantivalist critique of my conception, which Malament endorses, is ill-founded, and (b) if Malament had succeeded in discrediting my own conventionalist version of metrical simultaneity, he would likewise have invalidated Einstein’s pioneering version of it.

  19. Kommunist mittekommunisti ei usalda / David Satter ; interv. Viktor Niitsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Satter, David

    2005-01-01

    Tallinnas esitles oma raamatut "Meeletuste ajastu. Nõukogude Liidu allakäik ja langus" Finacial Times'i endine Moskva korrespondent David Satter, tegemist on NL-i viimase viieteistkümne aasta koondkroonikaga. Intervjuus meenutab David Satter oma tööaastaid Moskvas 1976-1982. a., kus ta keskendus põhiliselt ühiskondlik-poliitilistele teemadele, kaasa arvatud dissidentlik liikumine. Suhted võimudega, KGB provokatsioonid

  20. Optical packet networks - conclusions from the IST DAVID project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dittmann, Lars

    2004-01-01

    This work outlines the result from the European research project DAVID working with optical packet switch solutions for both WAN and MAN. The project started July 2000 and has been completed successfully by the end of 2003.......This work outlines the result from the European research project DAVID working with optical packet switch solutions for both WAN and MAN. The project started July 2000 and has been completed successfully by the end of 2003....

  1. Fail save shut off valve for filtering systems employing candle filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanOsdol, John [Fairmont, WV

    2006-01-03

    The invention relates to an apparatus that acts as a fail save shut off valve. More specifically, the invention relates to a fail save shut off valve that allows fluid flow during normal operational conditions, but prevents the flow of fluids in the event of system failure upstream that causes over-pressurization. The present invention is particularly well suited for use in conjunction with hot gas filtering systems, which utilize ceramic candle filters. Used in such a hot gas system the present invention stops the flow of hot gas and prevents any particulate laden gas from entering the clean side of the system.

  2. DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF TEST FACILITY FOR THE STUDY OF CANDLE FILTER SURFACE REGENERATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruce S. Kang; Eric K. Johnson

    2003-07-14

    Hot gas particulate filtration is a basic component in advanced power generation systems such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC). These systems require effective particulate removal to protect the downstream gas turbine and also to meet environmental emission requirements. The ceramic barrier filter is one of the options for hot gas filtration. Hot gases flow through ceramic candle filters leaving ash deposited on the outer surface of the filter. A process known as surface regeneration removes the deposited ash periodically by using a high pressure pulse of gas to back flush the filter. After this cleaning process has been completed there may be some residual ash on the filter surface. This residual ash may grow and this may then lead to mechanical failure of the filter. A Room Temperature Test Facility (RTTF) and a High Temperature Test Facility (HTTF) were built to investigate the ash characteristics during surface regeneration at room and selected high temperatures. The RTTF system was used to gain experience with the selected instrumentation and develop an operating procedure to be used later at elevated temperatures. The HTTF system is capable of conducting surface regeneration tests of a single candle filter at temperatures up to 1500 F. In order to obtain sequential digital images of ash particle distribution during the surface regeneration process, a high resolution, high speed image acquisition system was integrated into the HTTF system. The regeneration pressure and the transient pressure difference between the inside of the candle filter and the chamber during regeneration were measured using a high speed PC data acquisition system. The control variables for the high temperature regeneration tests were (1) face velocity, (2) pressure of the back pulse, and (3) cyclic ash built-up time. Coal ash sample obtained from the Power System Development Facility (PSDF) at Wilsonville, AL was used at the

  3. Obituary: David Fulmer Bender, 1913-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Sylvia L.

    2004-12-01

    David Fulmer Bender died in San Diego, California, on 13 September 2004, at the age of 91. His heart stopped suddenly while he was dancing. His pioneering work in establishing comprehensive, computer-accessible ephemerides of asteroids and comets found many applications, including the first-ever visit to an asteroid, Gaspra, by an interplanetary spacecraft. Dave was born in Reno, Nevada, on 10 February 1913, to Homer Charles Bender and Susan Bowers Bender. The family moved to Spokane, Washington, while Dave was very young. His father was a civil engineer and a graduate of MIT, who helped design bridges and dams throughout the Northwest, including the Grand Coolie Dam. Dave had a brother, Phillip (now deceased), who was one year younger. Advancing rapidly in the Spokane school system, Dave finished high school when he was 15 years old. At 16 he moved to Pasadena, California, and began his studies at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). In addition to pursuing his course work, he was active in track and football, a tendency toward physical exercise that stayed with him for the rest of his life. It was probably during these years that Dave heard a lecture by Albert Einstein, as mentioned to colleagues many years later. Dave received a BS degree in physics in 1933, an MS in 1934, and a PhD in 1937, all from Caltech. His dissertation was entitled, "The Index of Refraction of Air in the Photographic Infrared." During his sophomore year he found his way to Pomona College in Claremont, California, where he met his future wife, Elizabeth Boyden at a social gathering. They were married in 1935. Dave's academic career spanned the years from 1937 to 1970, initially at Louisiana State University, Vanderbilt University, and then Fisk. As a life-long pacifist and conscientious objector, Dave served alternate duty during World War II. In 1946 he joined the faculty of the physics department at Whittier College in California, where he became the department chair and

  4. A Double Candle-Flame-Shaped Solar Flare Observed by SDO and STEREO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gou, T.; Liu, R.; Wang, Y.; Liu, K.; Zhuang, B.; Zhang, Q.; Liu, J.

    2015-12-01

    We investigate an M1.4 flare occurring on 2011 January 28 near the northwest solar limb. The flare loop system exhibits a double candle-flame configuration in SDO/AIA's hot passbands, sharing a much larger cusp-shaped structure. The results of DEM analysis show that each candle flame has a similar temperature distribution as the famous Tsuneta flare. STEREO-A provides us a view from directly above the flare, and in SECCHI/EUVI 195 Å the post-flare loops are observed to propagate eastward. We performed a 3D reconstruction of the pos-flare loops with AIA and EUVI data. With the aid of the squashing factor Q based on a potential extrapolation of the photospheric field, we recognized that the footpoints of the post-flare loops were slipping along high-Q lines on the photosphere, and the reconstructed loops share similarity with the filed lines that are traced starting from the high-Q lines. The heights of the loops increase as they slip horizontally eastward, giving the loop-top a velocity of about 10 km/s. An extremely large EUV late phase in Fe XVI 33.5 nm observed by SDO/EVE is suggested to be related to the slipping magnetic reconnection occurring in the quasi-separatrix layers (QSLs) whose photosheric footprints are featured by the high-Q lines.

  5. Void effect analysis of Pb-208 of fast reactors with modified CANDLE burn-up scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widiawati, Nina; Su'ud, Zaki

    2015-09-01

    Void effect analysis of Pb-208 as coolant of fast reactors with modified candle burn-up scheme has been conducted. Lead cooled fast reactor (LFR) is one of the fourth-generation reactor designs. The reactor is designed with a thermal power output of 500 MWt. Modified CANDLE burn-up scheme allows the reactor to have long life operation by supplying only natural uranium as fuel cycle input. This scheme introducing discrete region, the fuel is initially put in region 1, after one cycle of 10 years of burn up it is shifted to region 2 and region 1 is filled by fresh natural uranium fuel. The reactor is designed for 100 years with 10 regions arranged axially. The results of neutronic calculation showed that the void coefficients ranged from -0.6695443 % at BOC to -0.5273626 % at EOC for 500 MWt reactor. The void coefficients of Pb-208 more negative than Pb-nat. The results showed that the reactors with Pb-208 coolant have better level of safety than Pb-nat.

  6. INTRODUCTION: David Sherrington as a mentor of young scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldbart, Paul M.

    2008-08-01

    How deeply honoured I am to have the opportunity to express my thoughts at this delightful celebration of David's achievements, so far, in his remarkable career. I have been asked to center my remarks on David's contributions to the mentoring and professional development of scientists early in their careers. This is a topic that I am more than happy to reflect on, because it gives me the opportunity to recall the exciting period I spent as one of David's postgraduate students at Imperial College in the early 1980s. It also gives me the chance to publicly express my gratitude to David for the opportunities he created for me at that time, as well as for the interest and care he has shown in my career and well-being ever since, as we have met up and exchanged news and ideas around the world: in New Mexico and Colorado, in Cancun, Paris and Trieste, at numerous March Meetings of the American Physical Society and, of course in London, Oxford, and my home town, Champaign-Urbana, location of the University of Illinois. I have been a member of David's circle for 25 years now, and I would like to tell you a little about how this came to be. Not because of what this says about me, but, rather, because of what it tells you about David and the rich generosity of his spirit and effort when it comes to supporting the underdog. I was indeed one such underdog—and that's putting it charitably—when I first met David in September of 1982, not long before the academic year was to begin. I had heard about the exciting circle of physical and mathematical ideas swirling around the spin glass question during the previous year, which I had spent at the University of California's Los Angeles campus, through an opportunity kindly arranged, as it happens, by Sam Edwards. But I was eager to return to the UK for postgraduate studies and to work on spin glasses, so I simply showed up at David's Imperial College office, unannounced (if I remember correctly). And with his characteristic

  7. Waging war against pancreatic cancer: an interview with David Tuveson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Tuveson

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available David Tuveson, Director of the Cancer Center at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, is a clinician-scientist with a longstanding interest in understanding and treating pancreatic cancer. Since developing the first mouse model of pancreatic cancer in 2002, the Tuveson lab has made a series of discoveries that shed light on the molecular drivers of this disease and provide promising therapeutic avenues for a malignancy that is notoriously challenging to treat. In collaboration with Hans Clevers, David developed the first pancreatic cancer organoids, which revolutionized the field by providing a powerful model system for basic discoveries and advancement of personalized medicine. Here, David talks to Ross Cagan about his path from chemistry student to world-renowned oncologist, highlighting how his colleagues, mentors and patient interactions shaped his research interests and unique approach to scientific discovery. As well as discussing the story behind some of his breakthroughs, he provides tips on running a lab and succeeding in or outside academia.

  8. Study on core radius minimization for long life Pb-Bi cooled CANDLE burnup scheme based fast reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afifah, Maryam; Miura, Ryosuke; Su'ud, Zaki; Takaki, Naoyuki; Sekimoto, H.

    2015-09-01

    Fast Breeder Reactor had been interested to be developed over the world because it inexhaustible source energy, one of those is CANDLE reactor which is have strategy in burn-up scheme, need not control roads for control burn-up, have a constant core characteristics during energy production and don't need fuel shuffling. The calculation was made by basic reactor analysis which use Sodium coolant geometry core parameter as a reference core to study on minimum core reactor radius of CANDLE for long life Pb-Bi cooled, also want to perform pure coolant effect comparison between LBE and sodium in a same geometry design. The result show that the minimum core radius of Lead Bismuth cooled CANDLE is 100 cm and 500 MWth thermal output. Lead-Bismuth coolant for CANDLE reactor enable to reduce much reactor size and have a better void coefficient than Sodium cooled as the most coolant for FBR, then we will have a good point in safety analysis.

  9. Fabrication of Water Jet Resistant and Thermally Stable Superhydrophobic Surfaces by Spray Coating of Candle Soot Dispersion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qahtan, Talal F; Gondal, Mohammed A; Alade, Ibrahim O; Dastageer, Mohammed A

    2017-08-08

    A facile synthesis method for highly stable carbon nanoparticle (CNP) dispersion in acetone by incomplete combustion of paraffin candle flame is presented. The synthesized CNP dispersion is the mixture of graphitic and amorphous carbon nanoparticles of the size range of 20-50 nm and manifested the mesoporosity with an average pore size of 7 nm and a BET surface area of 366 m 2 g -1 . As an application of this material, the carbon nanoparticle dispersion was spray coated (spray-based coating) on a glass surface to fabricate superhydrophobic (water contact angle > 150° and sliding angle fabricated from direct candle flame soot deposition (candle-based coating). This study proved that water jet resistant and thermally stable superhydrophobic surfaces can be easily fabricated by simple spray coating of CNP dispersion gathered from incomplete combustion of paraffin candle flame and this technique can be used for different applications with the potential for the large scale fabrication.

  10. “From the Mind of David Simon”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mikkel Bo Brendstrup

    2017-01-01

    of the issues with reading several television series together. The article further argues that television scholar Erlend Lavik’s term “focused overarching authorship” supports the validity in trying to tease out a collected vision in Simon’s television serials. For while David Simon is a sine qua non......This article makes a case for the academic soundness of reading together several television shows by the same showrunner. Zeroing in on the case of David Simon, the essay traces the difficulties that one faces if one aims to view together The Corner, The Wire, Generation Kill, Treme, Show Me a Hero...

  11. Tracking themes in Manuchehri’s candle conundrum in Arabic and Persian poetry till the end of 7th century AH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvane Saneai

    2016-09-01

     Manouchehri has derived some of his themes for ode of candle conundrum from Arabic literature. Following him, other poets have applied such themes in their poets. In fact, at the beginning of this stream is seen the composition of candle conundrum whose first symptoms can be seen in Arab poetry. Following Manouchehri, the poets have used in their poems the themes as follows: Shortening the wick of the candle, candles’ yellow face, candles’ laughing and crying, candles’ soul and body, Love and Lovers.

  12. Dr. David Sawyer, Mickey Mouse and Dr. David Brown attend a ceremony at Ronald McNair Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. David Sawyer (left), Superintendent of the Brevard County School District, Mickey Mouse, and Dr. David Brown, a NASA astronaut, attend a tribute to NASA astronaut Ronald McNair held in the gymnasium of Ronald McNair Magnet School in Cocoa, Fla. During the tribute, Walt Disney World presented a portrait of McNair to the school, which had previously been renamed for the fallen astronaut. McNair was one of a crew of seven who lost their lives during an accident following launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger in January 1986.

  13. Development of CANDLES low background HPGe detector and half-life measurement of 180Tam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, W. M.; Kishimoto, T.; Umehara, S.; Matsuoka, K.; Suzuki, K.; Yoshida, S.; Nakajima, K.; Iida, T.; Fushimi, K.; Nomachi, M.; Ogawa, I.; Tamagawa, Y.; Hazama, R.; Takemoto, Y.; Nakatani, N.; Takihira, Y.; Tozawa, M.; Kakubata, H.; Trang, V. T. T.; Ohata, T.; Tetsuno, K.; Maeda, T.; Khai, B. T.; Li, X. L.; Batpurev, T.

    2018-01-01

    A low background HPGe detector system was developed at CANDLES Experimental Hall for multipurpose use. Various low background techniques were employed, including hermatic shield design, radon gas suppression, and background reduction analysis. A new pulse shape discrimination (PSD) method was specially created for coaxial Ge detector. Using this PSD method, microphonics noise and background event at low energy region less than 200 keV can be rejected effectively. Monte Carlo simulation by GEANT4 was performed to acquire the detection efficiency and study the interaction of gamma-rays with detector system. For rare decay measurement, the detector was utilized to detect the nature's most stable isomer tantalum-180m (180Tam) decay. Two phases of tantalum physics run were completed with total livetime of 358.2 days, which Phase II has upgraded shield configuration. The world most stringent half-life limit of 180Tam has been successfully achieved.

  14. Polymer-based candle-shaped microneedle electrodes for electroencephalography on hairy skin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Miyako; Kudo, Yuta; Miki, Norihisa

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we report on the optimization of the shape of dry microneedle electrodes for electroencephalography (EEG) on hairy locations and compare the electrodes we developed with conventional wet electrodes. We propose the use of SU-8-based candle-shaped microneedle electrodes (CMEs), which have pillars of 1.0 mm height and 0.4 mm diameter with a gap of 0.43 mm between pillars. Microneedles are formed on the top of the pillars. The shape was determined by how well the pillars can avoid hairs and support the microneedles to penetrate through the stratum corneum. The skin-electrode contact impedances of the fabricated CMEs were found to be higher and less stable than those of conventional wet electrodes. However, the CMEs successfully acquired signals with qualities as good as those of conventional wet electrodes. Given the usability of the CMEs, which do not require skin preparation or gel, they are promising alternatives to conventional wet electrodes.

  15. The New American University. Twelfth David Dodds Henry Lecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Frank H. T.

    This publication presents the text of a speech by the president of Cornell University on the future of American universities. The speech is preceded by a brief preface describing the origin and history of the David Dodds Henry lecture series, and by the original introduction to the speaker delivered by president Stanley O. Ikenberry of the…

  16. Voorzitter van de Joodse Raad. De herinneringen van David Cohen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Somers, E.L.M.

    2010-01-01

    Geen instantie heeft na de oorlog zo onder vuur gelegen vanwege haar functioneren tijdens de Duitse bezetting als de Joodsche Raad. Hoofdrolspeler in deze bewogen jaren was prof. David Cohen, samen met Abraham Asscher voorzitter van de Joodse Raad. Op verzoek van prof. Jacques Presser en dr. Loe de

  17. "David Byrne really does love PowerPoint"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Leeuwen, Theo; Djonov, Emilia

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a reading if David Byrne's Envisioning Emotional Epistemological Information, an art work created with Microsoft's presentation software PowerPoint, as an instance of creative research on semiotics and semiotic technology. It reveals commonalities and differences between Byr...

  18. 2012-2013 Expense report for David Malone | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2012-2013 Expense report for David Malone. Download PDF of Expense Report 2012-2013 · What we do · Funding · Resources · About IDRC. Knowledge. Innovation. Solutions. Careers · Contact Us · Site map. Sign up now for IDRC news and views sent directly to your inbox each month. Subscribe · Copyright · Open ...

  19. 2010-2011 Expense report for David Malone | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-2011 Expense report for David Malone. Download PDF of Expense Report 2010-2011 · What we do · Funding · Resources · About IDRC. Knowledge. Innovation. Solutions. Careers · Contact Us · Site map. Sign up now for IDRC news and views sent directly to your inbox each month. Subscribe · Copyright · Open ...

  20. 2011-2012 Expense report for David Malone | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-2012 Expense report for David Malone. Download PDF of Expense Report 2011-2012 · What we do · Funding · Resources · About IDRC. Knowledge. Innovation. Solutions. Careers · Contact Us · Site map. Sign up now for IDRC news and views sent directly to your inbox each month. Subscribe · Copyright · Open ...

  1. Fatboy Slim ja David Byrne teevad Imelda Marcosest muusikali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Inglise DJ Fatboy Slim'i ja USA art-rockmuusiku David Byrne'i diskokeskne muusikal "Here Love Lives" kajastab Filipiinide diktaatori Ferdinand Macrose abikaasa elu. Muusikal esietendub tuleva aasta märtsis Austraalias Adelaide'i kultuurifestivalil, Euroopa esietendus toimub seejärel Liverpoolis

  2. David M. Malone - President Travel Expenses 2009-10

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    test

    David M. Malone - President. Travel Expenses 2009-10. Other. Travel. Other. Meals &. Expenses. Total. Amount. Net Expenses. Organization. Dates. Destination(s). Purpose. Airfare. Transportation. Hotels. Incidentals. (note 1). Expenses. Recovered. Paid by IDRC. Recovered from. Feb-10. Waterloo, ON. Prior Period ...

  3. Battling Creaticide: An Interview with David C. Berliner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrose, Don

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an interview with David C. Berliner, a Regents' Professor in the College of Education at Arizona State University. His books include "Educational Psychology," "The Manufactured Crisis," and "The Handbook of Educational Psychology." He has served as president of the American Educational Research Association and of the…

  4. In Memoriam: David Judson Sencer, A Public Health Giant

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2011-12-15

    Dr. Jeffery Koplan, Director of the Emory Global Health Institute at Emory University, reflects on the career of Dr. David Sencer.  Created: 12/15/2011 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/19/2011.

  5. Fighting for the Past: Lessons from the David Irving Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, A. Scott

    2008-01-01

    This article offers lessons from the David Irving trial. These lessons about Holocaust denial allow educators to identify how deniers violate certain scholarly tenets. This also serves as a safeguard against legitimizing deniers' efforts, while also reinforcing important principles of historical inquiry. (Contains 11 notes.)

  6. Drawing borders of mental disorders : An interview with David Kupfer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeff, Berend

    2010-01-01

    The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) is on its way and will most likely be published in 2013. The chair of the task force of this significant project, Dr David Kupfer, was in the Netherlands at a national psychiatry conference to give an update on its progress.

  7. Comments on forty chairs in four feet by David Rowland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    I forbindelse med 40-års jubilæet for David Rowlands stol ”40/4” har 22 internationale designere skabt deres egne fortolkninger af stolen Danske designere på udstillingen: Finn Sködt, Louise Campbell, Nanna Ditzel, Erik Simonsen, Boris Berlin & Poul Christiansen, Hans Sandgren Jakobsen Redaktøren...

  8. Child Welfare Research and Training: A Response to David Stoesz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Brenda D.; Vandiver, Vikki L.

    2016-01-01

    In this response to David Stoesz' critique, "The Child Welfare Cartel," the authors agree that child welfare research and training must be improved. The authors disagree, however, with Stoesz' critique of social work education, his assessment of the most-needed forms of child welfare research, and his depiction of the goals and…

  9. 2009-2010 Expense report for David Malone | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-2010 Expense report for David Malone. Download PDF of Expense Report 2009-2010 · What we do · Funding · Resources · About IDRC. Knowledge. Innovation. Solutions. Careers · Contact Us · Site map. Sign up now for IDRC news and views sent directly to your inbox each month. Subscribe · Copyright · Open ...

  10. "The Word I Would Use Is 'Aesthetic'": Reading David Hawkins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Featherstone, Helen; Featherstone, Joseph

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the life of David Hawkins, one of the most influential educators involved in school reform in the 1960s. Focuses on the aesthetic as the center of Hawkins' vision of schooling. Compares Hawkins' perspective to Dewey's in terms of the aesthetic. (KHR)

  11. Some transculturalist aspects in David Maillu's Broken Drum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    epistolary works, theatre plays, and didactic and historical non-fiction. David. Gian Maillu, was born in 1939 among the Akamba people of Eastern Kenya. ... Part of Maillu's success is due to his marketing strategies through his own pub- lishing house, Comb Books, established in the early 1970s. Maillu's "frankness" led to a ...

  12. The Dutch and Portuguese-Jewish Background of David Ricardo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heertje, A.

    2004-01-01

    This article deals with the Dutch and Portuguese-Jewish background of David Ricardo. The important pieces of information, found in the Amsterdam municipal archives, on the one hand correct, and on the other complement, the data presented by P. Sraffa. Recently, new evidence has been found on

  13. Nähtamatu revolutsioon / David R. Smith ; interv. Philip Ball

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, David R.

    2007-01-01

    Tehisstruktuuriga metamaterjalid võivad põhjapanevalt muuta telekommunikatsiooni, andmekandjaid ja isegi päikeseenergeetikat, kinnitab Dukeѫi ülikooli töörühma juht David R. Smith. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat 2007

  14. David M. Malone - President Hospitality Expenses 2008-09

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    test

    David M. Malone - President. Travel Expenses 2008-09. Other. Travel. Other. Meals &. Expenses. Total. Amount. Net Expenses. Organization. Dates. Destination(s). Purpose. Airfare. Transportation. Hotels. Incidentals. (note 1). Expenses. Recovered. Paid by IDRC. Recovered from. August 21 - 22. Kingston, ON. Discussions ...

  15. Empowering Adolescent Readers: Intertextuality in Three Novels by David Almond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latham, Don

    2008-01-01

    In "Skellig," "Kit's Wilderness," and "Clay", David Almond employs various types of intertextuality to enrich his narratives. Through the use of allusion, adaptation, collage, and mise-en-abyme, he encourages his adolescent readers to seek out precursor texts and to consider the interrelationships between these texts and his own. By so doing, he…

  16. Highlight: Dr David Butler-Jones on fighting pandemics | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 avr. 2016 ... Dr David Butler-Jones, professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Manitoba and former Chief Medical Health Officer of Canada, delivered a lecture on lessons learned from the 2009 flu pandemic in Canada. He also commented on India's draft National Health Policy 2015 at the India ...

  17. Making Sense of Seeing: Autism and David Marr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellman, Julia

    1996-01-01

    Reviews the work of neurobiologist, David Marr, concerning artistic ability and autism. Summarizes Marr's theory of perceptual vision illuminating the relationships among object, observer, perceptual process, and image. Briefly reviews the cases of four autistic people with extraordinary drawing skills. (MJP)

  18. David Bruce Payton : väikeriigid mõistavad üksteist / David Bruce Payton ; interv. Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Payton, David Bruce

    2003-01-01

    Uus-Meremaa suursaadik Eestis David Bruce Payton talupidaja toetamise loobumisest Uus-Meremaal, Uus-Meremaa põllumajandussektorist, veinidest, ekspordist, Eesti saamisest EL-i ja NATO liikmeks, Uus-Meremaa rahvastikust, elatustasemest, Iraagi võimalikust ründamisest, Põhja-Koreast

  19. Meet the Authors of "Social Context View of Sociology" by Marty Zusman, David Knox and Tracie Gardner:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marty E. Zusman

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Social Context View of Sociology by Marty E. Zusman, David Knox, and Tracie Gardner (2009 is an introductory sociology textbook published by Carolina University Press (ISBN 978-1-59460-572-7. The purpose of writing The Social Context View of Sociology was to provide a unique perspective of the social world. More importantly, to avoid what we consider the sometimes confusing introduction of the discipline (by standard textbooks into diverse frameworks, we presented a basic typology.

  20. The impact of candle burning during All Saints' Day ceremonies on ambient alkyl-substituted benzene concentrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olszowski, Tomasz; Kłos, Andrzej

    2013-11-01

    Research findings concerning benzene, toluene, ethylobenzene, meta-, para- and ortho-xylene as well as styrene (BTEXS) emission at public cemeteries during All Saints' Day are presented here. Tests were carried out at town-located cemeteries in Opole and Grodków (southern Poland) and, as a benchmark, at the centres of those same towns. The purpose of the study was to estimate BTEXS emissions caused by the candle burning and, equally important to examine, whether emissions generated by the tested sources were similar to the BTEXS emissions generated by road transport. During the festive period, significant increases in benzene concentrations, by 200 % and 144 %, were noted at the cemeteries in Opole and Grodków, as well as in toluene, by 366 % and 342 %, respectively. Styrene concentrations also increased. It was demonstrated that the ratio of toluene to benzene concentrations from emissions caused by the burning candles are comparable to the ratio established for transportation emissions.

  1. David Bohm la physique de l'infini

    CERN Document Server

    Teodorani, Massimo

    2014-01-01

    Les idées de David Bohm, indépendamment du scepticisme de ses collègues les plus traditionalistes, ont profondément influencé la physique du siècle dernier et ouvert une porte à la physique du nouveau millénaire. Grâce aussi aux contacts qu'il sut nouer avec des chercheurs d'autres branches du savoir, ses idées ont été accueillies avec beaucoup d'enthousiasme par les neuroscientifiques, les philosophes, les théologiens, les psychologues, les sociologues, les poètes, les artistes et les éducateurs. David Bohm avait peut-être pressenti qu'il existe une "physique de l'âme" et avec elle il voulait tracer un nouveau chemin pour une humanité à la dérive.

  2. Pupazzi di neve. David Lynch fotografo e l’"Unheimliche"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Sebastiano Lanzi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available L’opera di David Lynch non si limita al cinema, come ha dimostrato l’esposizione del 2007 alla Fondation Cartier di Parigi, The Air is on Fire. Tuttavia gli studi teorici hanno trascurato ciò che gallerie e musei hanno evidenziato da tempo: il Lynch pittore, fotografo, musicista, artista poliedrico. L’articolo si focalizza su una serie fotografica, Snowmen, ed è tratto da una ricerca di Paolo Sebastiano Lanzi sulla figura di David Lynch fotografo. Alla luce del saggio di Freud sul Perturbante (Das Unheimliche, 1919 si interpretano gli Snowmen come immagini di morte. Si chiariscono alcuni aspetti della poetica dell’artista-regista, come l’inquietudine dell’Inland Empire o di certe idee care al Surrealismo. Lo studio della produzione fotografica di Lynch riempie un vuoto nell’analisi critica sul suo lavoro, che va necessariamente riconsiderato in una prospettiva più ampia.

  3. David i fortællingen i verden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasselbalch, Trine Bjørnung

    2013-01-01

    Interpretations of the narratives about David in the Books of Samuel can be divided roughly into works that understand them one way or the other as products of history, and works that tend to disregard questions about their historical conditions. But neither strategy – studying the meaning...... of their production in terms of history, or not at all – can bring out all facets in the meaning of producing these narratives. Here a spatial approach is taken, according to which the production of literature is not simply caused by historical contexts that can be accounted for in research; it takes place...... in unresolved social situations of which the authors are not in control. From this perspective, some nuances are suggested about how the writing of the David narratives could be meaningful to their author(s)....

  4. Periodontal Manifestations of Chronic Atypical Neutrophilic Dermatosis With Lipodystrophy and Elevated Temperature (CANDLE) Syndrome in an 11 Year Old Patient

    OpenAIRE

    McKenna, Gerald J.; Ziada, Hassan M.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature (CANDLE) is an auto inflammatory syndrome caused by an autosomal recessive gene mutation. This very rare syndrome has been reported in only 14 patients worldwide. A number of clinical signs have been reported including joint contractures, muscle atrophy, microcytic anaemia, and panniculitis-induced childhood lipodystrophy. Further symptoms include recurrent fevers, purpuric skin lesions, periorb...

  5. 2690-IJBCS-Article-N'goran David Vincent K

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    durant le cycle de reproduction. N'Goran David Vincent KOUAKOU* et Yao ..... basée notamment sur la non rétention sélective des fluides et des particules du .... (1) Taux de fécondité : nombre de petits nés/Nombre de femelles mises en reproduction ; (2) P.m.m.b. : poids moyen des reproductrices à la mise bas ; (3) P.m.n. ...

  6. Princípiosnorteadores da filosofia moral de David Hume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Holanda de Oliveira

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva apresentar os princípios norteadores da filosofia moral de David Hume. Para tanto se buscará demonstrar que a razão é escrava das paixões, que os juízos morais não são demonstráveis, nem refletem a realidade objetiva, para por fim, demonstrar a importância da utilidade.

  7. David Cronenberg, author of naked lunch: Intersemiotic translation as transcreation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Fachel de Medeiros

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents and analyzes the intersemiotic translation process performed by filmmaker David Cronenberg of William Burroughs' novel Naked Lunch, and the intertextual bifurcations involved in this process. Investigating the similarities and differences between the creative worlds of both artists and how they reframe each other. For this, are used as the theoretical the idea of transcreation proposed by Haroldo de Campos, and the notion of the translator as a reader proposed by Jorge Luis Borges.

  8. Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland is seen here (seventh from right) visiting the assembly hall for the ATLAS experiment during his recent visit to CERN. To his right is Dr. Peter Jenni (blue shirt), spokesperson for the ATLAS Collaboration. The horizontal metal cylinder behind the group is one of the eight vacuum vessels for the superconducting coils of the ATLAS barrel toroid magnet system.

  9. David Cronenberg, author of naked lunch: Intersemiotic translation as transcreation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Fachel de Medeiros

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents and analyzes the intersemiotic translation process performed by filmmaker David Cronenberg of William Burroughs' novel Naked Lunch, and the intertextual bifurcations involved in this process. Investigating the similarities and differences between the creative worlds of both artists and how they reframe each other. For this, are used as the theoretical the idea of transcreation proposed by Haroldo de Campos, and the notion of the translator as a reader proposed by Jorge Luis Borges.

  10. Cancer Driver Log (CanDL): Catalog of Potentially Actionable Cancer Mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damodaran, Senthilkumar; Miya, Jharna; Kautto, Esko; Zhu, Eliot; Samorodnitsky, Eric; Datta, Jharna; Reeser, Julie W; Roychowdhury, Sameek

    2015-09-01

    Massively parallel sequencing technologies have enabled characterization of genomic alterations across multiple tumor types. Efforts have focused on identifying driver mutations because they represent potential targets for therapy. However, because of the presence of driver and passenger mutations, it is often challenging to assign the clinical relevance of specific mutations observed in patients. Currently, there are multiple databases and tools that provide in silico assessment for potential drivers; however, there is no comprehensive resource for mutations with functional characterization. Therefore, we created an expert-curated database of potentially actionable driver mutations for molecular pathologists to facilitate annotation of cancer genomic testing. We reviewed scientific literature to identify variants that have been functionally characterized in vitro or in vivo as driver mutations. We obtained the chromosome location and all possible nucleotide positions for each amino acid change and uploaded them to the Cancer Driver Log (CanDL) database with associated literature reference indicating functional driver evidence. In addition to a simple interface, the database allows users to download all or selected genes as a comma-separated values file for incorporation into their own analysis pipeline. Furthermore, the database includes a mechanism for third-party contributions to support updates for novel driver mutations. Overall, this freely available database will facilitate rapid annotation of cancer genomic testing in molecular pathology laboratories for mutations. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Safety Analysis of Pb-208 Cooled 800 MWt Modified CANDLE Reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su'ud, Zaki; Widiawati, Nina; Sekimoto, H.; Artoto, A.

    2017-01-01

    Safely analysis of 800MWt Pb-208 cooled fast reactors with natural Uranium as fuel cycle input employing axial-radial combined Modiified CANDLE burnup scheme has been performed. The analysis of unprotected loss of flow(ULOF) and unprotected rod run-out transient overpower (UTOP) are discussed. Some simulations for 800 MWt Pb-208 cooled fast reactors has been performed and the results show that the reactor can anticipate complete pumping failure inherently by reducing power through reactivity feedback and remove the rest of heat through natural circulations. Compared to the Pb-nat cooled long life Fast Reactors, Pb-208 cooled reactors have smaller Doppler but higher coolant density reactivity coefficient. In the UTOP accident case the analysis has been performed against external reactivity up to 0.003dk/k. And for ULOHS case it is assumed that the secondary cooling system has broken. During all accident the cladding temperature is the most critical. Especially for the case of UTOP accident. In addition the steam generator design has also consider excess power which may reach 50% extra during severe UTOP case..

  12. David Bohm : causality and chance, letters to three women

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    The letters transcribed in this book were written by physicist David Bohm to three close female acquaintances in the period 1950 to 1956. They provide a background to his causal interpretation of quantum mechanics and the Marxist philosophy that inspired his scientific work in quantum theory, probability and statistical mechanics. In his letters, Bohm reveals the ideas that led to his ground breaking book Causality and Chance in Modern Physics. The political arguments as well as the acute personal problems contained in these letters help to give a rounded, human picture of this leading scientist and twentieth century thinker.

  13. An Interview with David Dabydeen on Literature and Politics

    OpenAIRE

    Ruzbeh Babaee

    2016-01-01

    Professor David Dabydeen is a Guyanese-born writer, critic and academic at the Centre of Caribbean Studies at the University of Warwick. In 1993 he became Guyana's ambassador at UNESCO and is still a member of their Executive Board. He has been Guyana's ambassador to China since 2010. Professor Dabydeen has also won several international and national prizes such as the Commonwealth Poetry Prize, the Quiller-Couch Prize, and the Hind Rattan (Jewel of India). Among his works are Slave Song (198...

  14. David Kasner, MD, and the Road to Pars Plana Vitrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher F. Blodi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available David Kasner, MD (1927–2001, used his extensive dissections of eye bank eyes and experiences in teaching cataract surgery to resident physicians to realize that excision of vitreous when present in the anterior chamber of eyes undergoing cataract surgery was preferable to prior intraoperative procedures. Noting that eyes tolerated his maneuvers, he then performed planned subtotal open-sky vitrectomies; first on a traumatized eye in 1961, then on two eyes of patients with amyloidosis (1966–1967. The success of these operations was noted by others, most particularly Robert Machemer, MD. Kasner's work directly led to further surgical developments, including closed pars plana vitrectomy.

  15. De hombres y monstruos: El hombre elefante, David Lynch, 1980

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer, Anacleto

    2012-01-01

    Nacido en Leicester en 1862, Joseph Carey Merrick tuvo un desarrollo normal durante la primera parte de su infancia, hasta los 5 años, cuando aparecieron las primeras manifestaciones de su extraña enfermedad:El síndrome de Proteus. Esta emotiva película sobre su caso fue estrenada en 1980 por el cineasta británico David Lynch, un prolífico creador que viene cultivando con éxito distintas formas de expresión artística que alterna con sus rodajes. De este modo ha conseguido transmitir un u...

  16. 75 FR 27733 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Standard for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... Fabrics Act (``FFA''), 15 U.S.C. 1193, to reduce unreasonable risks of burn injuries and deaths from fires... mattress pad will resist ignition from a smoldering cigarette. The standard requires manufacturers to... related to mattress fires, particularly those ignited by open flame sources such as lighters, candles and...

  17. Review essay on David Laibman, Deep History: A Study in Social Evolution and Human Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altug Yalcintas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available While historical materialism and evolutionism provide similar explanations and ideas regarding the cause of long-term social change, the two theories are rarely used in conjunction with one another. In Deep History,the author David Laibman addresses some of the standard questions of evolutionary social theory and attempts to bridge the two concepts, by showing that historical and materialist explanations are present in both Marxian and evolutionary interpretations of history. His goal: develop a Marxist theory of history from an evolutionist perspective, and surmount the traditional confines of historical materialism, so as to embrace evolutionary conceptions in explaining social change. However, the unbalanced research methodology limits the reach and depth of Laibman’s contribution. The two main shortcomings of his work are discussed in the following sections: The Audience Problem and The Evolutionary Problem.

  18. Uranium hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance of the Candle NTMS quadrangle, Alaska

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hardy, L.C.; D'Andrea, R.F. Jr.; Zinkl, R.J.

    1982-07-01

    This report presents results of a Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance (HSSR) of the Candle NTMS quadrangle, Alaska. In addition to this abbreviated data release, more complete data are available to the public in machine-readable form. These machine-readable data, as well as quarterly or semiannual program progress reports containing further information on the HSSR program in general, or on the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) portion of the program in particular, are available from DOE's Technical Library at its Grand Junction Area Office. Presented in this data release are location data, field analyses, and laboratory analyses of several different sample media. For the sake of brevity, many field site observations have not been included in this volume; these data are, however, available on the magnetic tape. Appendices A through D describe the sample media and summarize the analytical results for each medium. The data have been subdivided by one of the Los Alamos National Laboratory sorting programs of Zinkl and others (1981a) into groups of stream-sediment, lake-sediment, stream-water, and lake-water samples. For each group which contains a sufficient number of observations, statistical tables, tables of raw data, and 1:1,000,000 scale maps of pertinent elements have been included in this report. Also included are maps showing results of multivariate statistical analyses. Information on the field and analytical procedures used by the Los Alamos National Laboratory during sample collection and analysis may be found in any HSSR data release prepared by the Laboratory and will not be included in this report

  19. Attitudes of Mississippi college students toward David Duke before and after seeing the film Who is David Duke?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenman, R; Girdner, E J; Burroughs, R G; Routman, M

    1993-01-01

    The attitudes of 211 students at a university in Mississippi were investigated both before and after seeing the Public Broadcasting Film Who Is David Duke? The film provided evidence of Duke's current racism, anti-Semitism, and pro-Nazi leanings. In a previous study with university students in Louisiana, the majority did not change their attitudes after watching the film (Eisenman, 1993). However, in the present study, students' attitudes showed change in an anti-Duke direction. The findings are discussed and reasons given for the differences between the two samples, and for the popularity of Duke, a former leader of the Ku Klux Klan.

  20. The Will to Touch: David Copperfield’s Hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela K. Gilbert

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the nineteenth century, touch was considered to be a more privileged sense than has been generally noted, and the hand was pre-eminently the site of active touching. The hand comes newly to rival the face in descriptive significance in mid-nineteenth-century fiction, and reflects contemporary notions of the role of touch in the exercise of the will and the development of the sensorium. This article explores medical and philosophical understandings of embodied touch within the period, and examines why the hand emerged as a focal point for scientific, poetic, and popular discussion. Such scientists as Charles Bell, Herbert Spencer, and Alexander Bain tend to work within two paradigms: the hand as a site of sensory input that forms a conduit between inner and outer worlds, and the hand as an instrument of the will. The article explores Dickens's use of these ideas about touch and development in his 1850 'Bildungsroman', 'David Copperfield'. David struggles to establish his proper status as a middle-class male, in part by learning to use his hands to impose his own will and to resist the dominance of inappropriate others through touch.

  1. David Kelley et la politique de la complicité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Esquenazi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available La télévision est liée à sa diffusion familiale, comme le prouve l’histoire américaine de la télévision. Les séries télévisées sont elles-mêmes attachées à ce contexte. Elles multiplient les marques rituelles de reconnaissance. David Kelley, auteur de Ally Mc Beal ou de Boston Legal, aime jouer avec cette nécessité. Il crée une relation de complicité entre ses personnages et le téléspectateur. Le texte en étudie les principales figures.Television is linked to its family broadcasting; American history reminds us of it. And television series are tied to this context. They multiply signs of recognition. David Kelley, Ally Mc Beal or Boston Legal's producer, likes to play with this necessity. He creates a relation of complicity between his figures and the viewer. This text studies his main methods.

  2. CANDLE reactor: an option for simple, safe, high nuclear proliferation resistant , small waste and efficient fuel use reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sekimoto, H.

    2010-01-01

    The innovative nuclear energy systems have been investigated intensively for long period in COE-INES program and CRINES activities in Tokyo Institute of Technology. Five requirements; sustainability, safety, waste, nuclear-proliferation, and economy; are considered as inevitable requirements for nuclear energy. Characteristics of small LBE cooled CANDLE fast reactor developed in this Institute are discussed for these requirements. It satisfies clearly four requirements; safety, nonproliferation and safeguard, less wastes and sustainability. For the remaining requirement, economy, a high potential to satisfy this requirement is also shown

  3. David Hume filósofo e historiador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Albieri

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Among all the great philosophers, David Hume has the rare merit of joining to a properly philosophical work an equally important output as historian. According to him, the interpretation of history by means of the general principles of political theory must not be guided by ethical or normative considerations, as when judging historic events according to what things ought to be, for instance, in view of the best government, but it should be restricted to explain the exercise of power in the different times, just as it can be established by the testimony of the sources. Only this methodological attitude allows us to avoid the partisan interpretations that try to justify the present by the past, instead of investigating it to corroborate the most appropriate explanation.

  4. Quantenmechanik im Kalten Krieg David Bohm und Richard Feynman

    CERN Document Server

    Forstner, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelten David Bohm und Richard Feynman zwei grundlegend verschiedene Ansätze der moderne Quantenmechanik: Bohm eine realistische Deutung mit Hilfe verborgener Parameter und Feynman den Pfadintegralformalismus. Dies ist umso bemerkenswerter, weil beide Physiker von ähnlichen Voraussetzungen ausgingen und aus ähnlichen Zusammenhängen stammten. Durch ihren vergleichenden Ansatz bietet diese Studie mehr als einen Beitrag zur Geschichte der Quantentheorie. Mit der Frage nach den sozialen und kulturellen Bedingungen der Theoriebildung ist sie darüberhinaus von wissenschaftssoziologischem und wissenschaftstheoretischem Interesse. Die anfangs ähnliche und später unterschiedliche Einbindung der beiden Wissenschaftler in die Scientific Community erlaubt es überdies zu untersuchen, welchen Anpassungsdruck die jeweilige Gruppe auf den individuellen Wissenschaftler und die Kernbestandteile seiner Forschungen ausübt und welche neuen Freiheitsgrade für die Theoriebildung entstehen, ...

  5. Infinite potential the life and times of David Bohm

    CERN Document Server

    Peat, David

    1997-01-01

    Throughout his life, David Bohm felt himself to be different, and this was reflected in his lifestyle and in his physics. His life was one of unfulfilled searching. If one compares mainstream physics to the church, with a solid hierarchy of cardinals, archbishops and bishops, Bohm was an ascetic hermit who would occasionally come in from the wilderness with a compelling message, only to disappear again. Bohmian quantum mechanics is not part of mainstream physics, but for those who do cross over, like John Bell, the commitment can be rewarding. In the post-war 'Un-American Activities' purge, Bohm lost a prestigious job at Princeton and t emporarily his US citizenship, and his nomadic career took him to Brazil, Israel and Bristol before he finally settled in London's Birkbeck College. A sensitive-written book about a gifted, unusual and sometimes provocative figure. The interaction between Bohm and Oppenheimer is especially interesting, while Bohm's later life was bizarre.

  6. David Duke, running for governor, proposes tattooing people with HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-05-19

    Former Ku Klux Klan leader, David Duke, planning a second run for governor of Louisiana, said he would curb the AIDS epidemic by tattooing people who are infected with HIV. His suggestion is to put indelible, glow-in-the-dark tattoos on the genitals of people infected with HIV. According to Duke, it may sound very draconian but it would not demean people. He also believes that tattooing would be legal because courts have a history of supporting the quarantining and institutionalizing of people with infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis. Duke said Cuba has had some success in using quarantines to reduce HIV infection, but he does not think it would work in the United States because it would cost too much. According to Duke, many people who get HIV from irresponsible behavior do not tell their partners that they have AIDS--these people are mad at the world and engage in dangerous behaviors even more.

  7. THE SOCIAL THEORY OF LAW CONCEPTION OF DAVID M. TRUBEK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neumalyna Lacerda Alves Dantas Marinho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article to study the relationship law, law and development towards a central concept of the theory of modern law, from the work of David M. Trubek. The theory refers to a rational law as a way to achieve development in Third World nations, away from the traditional order, but the host of a modern law. The central conception found intentionality and the universality of the rules and, after empirical analysis, the author proved fundamentally flawed due to its ethnocentric and evolutionism , to believe that developing countries only achieve the full development of importing the legal system of the West. In any case, the studies on the social theory of law contributed to the current concept of law and development.

  8. Masculinity and violence in David Fincher’s "Fight Club"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leire Ituarte Pérez

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we address a hermeneutic approach to David Fincher’s Fight Club. Inspired by some of the methodological principles of Psychoanalysis and Queer Theory the study tries to thresh the details of the representation of Masculinity in the film. Departing from the hypothesis that such representation in the film is closely linked to the masculine castration anxiety, the essay traces the recurrent and more or less parodic, more or less subliminal allusions to emasculation as well as the fetishistic compensatory strategies displayed. The analysis concludes that the overwhelming mise en scène of the masculine Oedipal scenario in the film pursues to underpin an hegemonic discourse of Masculinity threatened by the taboo of Homosexuality. Hence, the prominent erotisization of masculine masochism reveals itself, in all its ambivalence, as a performative strategy to institutionalise a heteronormative sexual regime.

  9. A Teoria da Consciência de David Chalmers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João de Fernandes Teixeira

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo apresentar e discutir a teoria da consciência elaborada pelo filósofo David Chalmers no seu livro The Conscious Mind, publicado em 1996. O artigo é dividido em duas partes. A primeira expõe os principais delineamentos da teoria de Chalmers; a segunda discute seus principais conceitos, abordando a plausibilidade metafísica da existência dos "zumbis" e a idéia de superveniência.The paper focuses on Chalmer´s theory of consciousness as it is presented in his most recent book, The Conscious Mind, published in 1996. The first part is devoted to a presentation of the main outlines of Chalmer´s theory. The second part discusses such a theory by focusing on the metaphysical plausibility of the existence of zombies as well as on the notion of supervenience.

  10. Smart candle soot coated membranes for on-demand immiscible oil/water mixture and emulsion switchable separation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jian; Zhao, Zhihong; Li, Dianming; Tian, Haifeng; Zha, Fei; Feng, Hua; Guo, Lin

    2017-09-21

    Oil/water separation is of great importance for the treatment of oily wastewater, including immiscible light/heavy oil-water mixtures, oil-in-water or water-in-oil emulsions. Smart surfaces with responsive wettability have received extensive attention especially for controllable oil/water separation. However, traditional smart membranes with a switchable wettability between superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity are limited to certain responsive materials and continuous external stimuli, such as pH, electrical field or light irradiation. Herein, a candle soot coated mesh (CSM) with a larger pore size and a candle soot coated PVDF membrane (CSP) with a smaller pore size with underwater superoleophobicity and underoil superhydrophobicity were successfully fabricated, which can be used for on-demand immiscible oil/water mixtures and surfactants-stabilized oil/water emulsion separation, respectively. Without any continuous external stimulus, the wettability of our membranes could be reversibly switched between underwater superoleophobicity and underoil superhydrophobicity simply by drying and washing alternately, thus achieving effective and switchable oil/water separation with excellent separation efficiency. We believe that such smart materials will be promising candidates for use in the removal of oil pollutants in the future.

  11. David Falk: Algunas cuestiones abiertas para el marketing deportivo. [David Falk: Some open questions for the sports marketing arena].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José A. Martínez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available David Falk, el que fuera el representante del jugador de baloncesto Michael Jordan, es una figura de referencia para el marketing deportivo. Falk contribuyó decisivamente a revitalizar el marketing deportivo, ayudó a construir lo que probablemente sea la relación comercial más importante del deporte (Jordan-Nike, y llevó hasta el extremo la filosofía de que en la negociación lo importante es que tu cliente llegue a conseguir el máximo dinero posible, más allá de que ese sea su valor de mercado o que el propio mercado pueda admitir esa inflación. En este artículo se repasan algunos de los hechos más destacados de su vida profesional y, desde una perspectiva crítica, se relacionan con varias cuestiones abiertas que el mundo académico y profesional del deporte continúa discutiendo. Abstract David Falk, former agent of the basketball player Michael Jordan, is a figure of reference for sports marketing. Falk was instrumental in revitalizing the sports marketing. He helped to build what is probably the most important relationship in sport business (Jordan-Nike, and strongly defended a radical philosophy of negotiation, where the most important is the maximization of client gains, regardless their true market value or if the market can admit such inflation. This article reviews some of the highlights of his career facts and, from a critical perspective, discusses several open issues related to the academic and professional world of sports. To achieve this aim, several recent contributions to the marketing and sports literature are commented.

  12. David Hume. Una bibliografía de ediciones españolas e iberoamericanas

    OpenAIRE

    Tasset, José Luis

    2011-01-01

    La bibliografía actual sobre David Hume es literalmente inabarcable. Hume Studies a través de la página web de la Hume Society publica anualmente un listado bastante completo de todo lo publicado sobre cualquier aspecto del pensamiento y la vida de David Hume. http://www.humesociety.org/

  13. Queere Aneignungen von David und Goliat : Künstlerische Selbstporträts als besiegte Knabenliebhaber

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hügel, K.; Dietrich, W.; Edenburg, C.; Hugo, P.

    2016-01-01

    Die jüdische Rezeption der biblischen Erzählung von Davids Sieg über Goliat liefert homoerotische Neuinterpretationen dieser Geschichte. Das Verhältnis zwischen Goliat und David wird durch eine erotische Linse als Beziehung eines erwachsenen Manns zu einem schönen jungen Mann gelesen. Die

  14. Building Consensus toward a Shared Purpose: A Profile of President David Gray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessoff, Alan

    2011-01-01

    The author presents a profile of APPA president David Gray. One might say that David Gray's path into higher education facilities management was anything but traditional. Today, Gray is the assistant vice president of facilities services at Middle Tennessee State University. His professional career, however, actually began in banking. In 1993 he…

  15. 78 FR 76392 - Hours of Service of Drivers: Application for Exemption; David Muresan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... driver can reset this ``on-duty clock'' to zero by obtaining a period of at least 34-consecutive hours...-0047] Hours of Service of Drivers: Application for Exemption; David Muresan AGENCY: Federal Motor... comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces that David Muresan has applied for an exemption from the Agency's hours...

  16. Accuracy and reproducibility of the DAVID SLS-2 scanner in three-dimensional facial imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Secher, Jesper Jared; Darvann, Tron Andre; Pinholt, Else Marie

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: A prospective study was performed to test the accuracy and reproducibility of the DAVID-SLS-2 scanner (SLS-2) [DAVID Vision Systems GmbH], compared to the validated 3dMDtrio scanner (3dMD) [3dMD, LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA]. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The accuracy of the SLS-2 was determined thro...

  17. “Silencio”: hearing loss in David Lynch's Mulholland Drive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allister Mactaggart

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In a filmmaking career replete with extraordinary images and sounds, David Lynch's Mulholland Drive (2001 stands out for attention as a striking and seemingly inexhaustible resource for analysis. In this article, this film is used to examine the specific ways in which Lynch uses pre-existing pop songs to wrap the spectator within the filmic soundscape. Nowhere is the complexity and uncanniness of pop music made more explicit than in Rebekah Del Rio's stunning performance of “Llorando (Crying” in the Club Silencio scene. The split between the singer's powerful performance and her subsequent collapse with the sound of the voice left hanging in the air marks a pivotal point in the film. This scene, coupled with other examples of feminine jouissance, is contrasted with the deadening roar of the master's voice, which solely demands obedience but is deaf to any reply. At the core of this article is an analysis of the status of the voice (and the gaze as examples of the Lacanian object a and its relationship to Marx's concept of surplus value. Mulholland Drive provides a powerful demonstration of how these concepts can be seen, heard, and felt in relation to film, and how sound can reverberate into the spaces and silences beyond the screen.

  18. Decay of Ethics in David Mamet’s American Buffalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Dehghani

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The American Dream is a recurrent theme in American literature. In this response, this paper is an attempt to expose the destructive effects of the dream on human spirits and relations and how it is contradicted in different ways through the analysis of his brilliant play, American Buffalo by David Mamet. Beneath the seeming simple surface of the play lies a deep current of meanings that reflect the calamities of modern American life, and in a broader sense, the modern world. This article indicates how capitalism inculcates ideologies in the mind of individuals in order to facilitate the exploiting process and unquestioning subordination. Ragged individualism, as one of these ideologies, disrupts all communal bonds and even exceeds to the disintegration of friendship and family life. On the other hand, this individualism, as an ideology, is sustained by other capitalist ideologies such as advertising, consumerism and emulation. It will also be discussed that monetary interests are all one seeks in a highly competitive atmosphere and nothing is privileged over business ethics. In brief, this reading of the play tries to illuminate that we live in a dream-like world of ideologies that block logical thinking and forge our relationship with our real existence through less suspected ways.

  19. David Levi. A Child of the Nineteenth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Grazi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper examines the main biographical traits of the Italian author, politician and Risorgimento activist David Levi (1816-1898. Early in life, Levi abandoned the traditional religious spheres of Judaism but always remained attached to his Jewish heritage, as emerges from his oeuvre. Levi’s relevance derives from his constant effort to amalgamate Italian and Jewish identities in a context of increasing secularity. An analysis of his figure and activities, therefore enables us to investigate some crucial issues at the center of current historiographical debate, such as the nineteenth-century Jewish transition from a traditional to a modern identity, the discussion around the concepts of “assimilation”and “integration,” orientalist researches and the study of religions in nineteenth-century Italy, and the important role of Freemasonry and Saintsimonism in Levi’s secularization modes. In fact, their concept of “Religion of Humanity” helped him to create a synthesis between Enlightenment’s aspirations to universalism and Risorgimento’s cosmopolitan nationalism.

  20. DAVID HUME AND THE CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF EMPIRICISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IONUŢ ŞTEFAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The research is related to David Hume. This philosopher is described as being an empiricist, but it should be noted that the empiricism promoted by Hume represents the development up to the final consequences of this philosophical doctrine that should be subjected to the observability requirement. The core problem for Hume’s philosophy is the difficulty of causality thinking. The Scottish philosopher promotes a moderate and inconsistent skepticism because he does not doubt the permanency of facts. The Humean epistemology is mixed with elements belonging to some naïve ontology of a materialistic nature and with elements of a sensualistic psychology of an associationist type. The causality or the causal connection between events is based on a psychological belief, which has a pragmatic end for people, in that it offers us the psychological comfort of habitual events and the familiar existential. Causality refers to certain events that have already happened in a certain way, but it cannot constitute a necessary and sufficient basis for similar future events.

  1. DAVID-WS: a stateful web service to facilitate gene/protein list analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Xiaoli; Sherman, Brad T; Huang, Da Wei; Stephens, Robert; Baseler, Michael W; Lane, H Clifford; Lempicki, Richard A

    2012-07-01

    The database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery (DAVID), which can be freely accessed at http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/, is a web-based online bioinformatics resource that aims to provide tools for the functional interpretation of large lists of genes/proteins. It has been used by researchers from more than 5000 institutes worldwide, with a daily submission rate of ∼1200 gene lists from ∼400 unique researchers, and has been cited by more than 6000 scientific publications. However, the current web interface does not support programmatic access to DAVID, and the uniform resource locator (URL)-based application programming interface (API) has a limit on URL size and is stateless in nature as it uses URL request and response messages to communicate with the server, without keeping any state-related details. DAVID-WS (web service) has been developed to automate user tasks by providing stateful web services to access DAVID programmatically without the need for human interactions. The web service and sample clients (written in Java, Perl, Python and Matlab) are made freely available under the DAVID License at http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/content.jsp?file=WS.html.

  2. La economía emprendedora de David Audretsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Callejón

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Pocos campos de la Economía cuentan con mejores bases teóricas que la Organización Industrial. Y David Audretsch ha contribuido en gran medida a mejorar el campo de la OI con sus modelos de emprendeduría y, también, con la inspiración y el estímulo que ha infundido a otros académicos. En el artículo publicado en este número monográfico, Audretsch plantea dos conceptos principales: uno es el modelo del filtro del conocimiento; el otro la idea de capital emprendedor. El concepto de filtro del conocimiento es central en la actual discusión sobre la relación entre la generación de conocimiento científico y tecnológico y su grado efectivo de traslación a innovaciones en el mercado. Muestra por qué y cómo los agentes que generan el conocimiento rara vez son los mismos que llegan a comercializarlos. Con frecuencia el puente es un emprendedor. La segunda idea aquí resaltada es el capital emprendedor y cómo la noción se ha popularizado gracias a la publicación de numerosos informes sobre tasas de creación de empresas. En este caso, aunque el concepto teórico sea valioso, ocurre que los estudios empíricos han arrojado pocos y contradictorios resultados.

  3. La economía emprendedora de David Audretsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Callejón

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Pocos campos de la Economía cuentan con mejores bases teóricas que la Organización Industrial. Y David Audretsch ha contribuido en gran medida a mejorar el campo de la OI con sus modelos de emprendeduría y, también, con la inspiración y el estímulo que ha infundido a otros académicos. En el artículo publicado en este número monográfico, Audretsch plantea dos conceptos principales: uno es el modelo del filtro del conocimiento; el otro la idea de capital emprendedor. El concepto de filtro del conocimiento es central en la actual discusión sobre la relación entre la generación de conocimiento científico y tecnológico y su grado efectivo de traslación a innovaciones en el mercado. Muestra por qué y cómo los agentes que generan el conocimiento rara vez son los mismos que llegan a comercializarlos. Con frecuencia el puente es un emprendedor. La segunda idea aquí resaltada es el capital emprendedor y cómo la noción se ha popularizado gracias a la publicación de numerosos informes sobre tasas de creación de empresas. En este caso, aunque el concepto teórico sea valioso, ocurre que los estudios empíricos han arrojado pocos y contradictorios resultados.

  4. Osborne's trilogy : a critique of the management philosophy of David Osborne / Jan-Erik Lane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lane, Jan-Erik

    2006-01-01

    Kriitiline lühiülevaade David Osborne'i raamatutes Reinventing government (kaasautor T. Gaebler, 1992), Banishing bureaucracy (kaasautor P. Plastrik, 1997) ja The price of government (kaasautor P. Hutchinson, 2004) avaldatud teooriatest

  5. Clinton või Trump - USA jaoks ühtviisi katastroof / David Satter ; intervjueerinud Taavi Minnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Satter, David

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu maineka Ühendriikide Venemaa eksperdi David Satteriga, kes hoiatab, et Ameerika presidendivalimistel on inimestel valida kahe äärmiselt halva kandidaadi - Donald Trumpi ning Hillary Clintoni vahel

  6. Jalutu David tantsib auhinna vääriliselt / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Tantsufilm "Elu hind" ("The Cost of Living") : lavastaja ja koreograaf Lloyd Newson : peaosades David Toole, Eddie Kay : Suurbritannia 2004. Filmi aluseks on Londoni tantsuteatri DV 8 Physical Theatre' 2000.a. valminud lavastus

  7. Prozaci asemel GTD ehk getting things done / David Allen ; interv. Endrik Randoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allen, David

    2007-01-01

    Konsultant ja koolitaja David Allen oma aja- ja enesejuhtimise meetodist GTD - getting things done. Vt. samas: Väikesed nipid, et tõhusam olla; Milles seisneb Alleni meetod; Kuidas ma oma ülesannet täitsin - logiraamat

  8. "Handbook of biomedical optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.: Handbook of Biomedical Optics CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2011 ISBN: 978-1-4200-9036-9 (Hardback), 787 pages

  9. "Handbook of biomedical optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam

    OpenAIRE

    Gramatikov Boris

    2012-01-01

    Abstract David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.: Handbook of Biomedical Optics CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2011 ISBN: 978-1-4200-9036-9 (Hardback), 787 pages

  10. Anneli Remme soovitab : David Oistrahhi festival. Koorifestival Pärnus / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2002-01-01

    David Oistrahhi festivalist 14. juulini Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, Teatris Endla, Ammende villas, Eesti Õigeusu kirikus ja Pärnu Raekojas. Festivali kunstiline juht Allar Kaasik. Pärnu koorifestivalist

  11. Robert Bresson, Mariano Barroso, Paskaljevich, Mary Harron, David Trueba, Lars von Trier, Liv Ullmann, Zhang Yimou

    OpenAIRE

    La madriguera

    2000-01-01

    La madriguera (2000). Robert Bresson, Mariano Barroso, Paskaljevich, Mary Harron, David Trueba, Lars von Trier, Liv Ullmann, Zhang Yimou. Ediciones de intervención cultural S.L. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/41911. 80 80 33

  12. Siim Nestor soovitab : David Morales. Reede ja laupäeva parimad palad / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Popmuusikaüritustest: David Morales 15. apr. klubis Moskva, "Eklekter" 16. apr Von Krahlis (esinejaks rootsi diskor DJ Mad Mats), prantsuse diskor DJ Yellow 16. apr. klubis Hollywood, üritusest "Dependent" 17. apr. Tartus

  13. David Oistrahhi festival läheneb lõpule / Toivo Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Toivo

    2006-01-01

    Kontsertidest David Oistrahhi festivali raames: saksa viola da gamba mängija Holger Faust-Peters ja klavessinist Iren Lill 19. juulil Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, briti laulja Patricia Rozario ja RTE Vanbrugh Quartet 20. juulil Eliisabeti kirikus

  14. Miks meil on kogu aeg kiire? / David Allen ; interv. Endrik Randoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allen, David

    2006-01-01

    Produktiivsuse ekspert vastab küsimustele ettevõetud tegevuste tulemuslikumalt lõpule viimise kohta. Lisa: Aja paremaks kasutamiseks pakub David Allen lisaks veel kolm tõhusat ja lihtsasti rakendatavat põhimõtet

  15. [David Feest. Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum : die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944-1953] / Anu Mai Kõll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõll, Anu Mai, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Feest, David. Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum : die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944-1953. Köln [etc.] : Böhlau, 2007. Esimesest rahvusvaheliselt kättesaadavast laiahaardelisest Eesti kollektiviseerimist käsitlevast teosest

  16. On Territorial Justice, Human Flourishing and Geographical Strategies of Liberation An Interview with David Harvey

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey , David; Dufaux , Frédéric; Gervais-Lambony , Philippe; Buire , Chloé; Desbois , Henri

    2011-01-01

    International audience; An interview of David Harvey (CUNY) with the Journal justice spatiale - spatial justice (Frédéric Dufaux, Philippe Gervais-Lambony, Chloé Buire, Henri Desbois), Laboratoire Gecko and Laboratoire Mosaïques (UMR LAVUE) in Nanterre, on the 21th of November 2011. The transcript of the interview is online, on the Journal’s site, with its French translation: panouissement-humain-et-strategies-geographiques-de-liberation-un-entretien-avec-david-harvey/

  17. [Jaan Kross ja David Samoilov. Mu sõbra avatud akna all] / M. J.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Mall, 1947-

    2016-01-01

    Tutvustus: Kross, Jaan. Mu sõbra avatud akna all : [luuletused ja tõlked] = В окно моего друга : [стихи и переводы] / Jaan Kross ja David Samoilov ; Tallinna Ülikool. Tallinn : Avenarius, 2015 ; David Samoilovi Pärnu : teejuht. Luuletusi. Tallinn : Avenarius, 2015

  18. Machinability of drilling T700/LT-03A carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite laminates using candle stick drill and multi-facet drill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Cheng-Dong; Qiu, Kun-Xian; Chen, Ming; Cai, Xiao-Jiang

    2015-03-01

    Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) composite laminates are widely used in aerospace and aircraft structural components due to their superior properties. However, they are regarded as difficult-to-cut materials because of bad surface quality and low productivity. Drilling is the most common hole making process for CFRP composite laminates and drilling induced delamination damage usually occurs severely at the exit side of drilling holes, which strongly deteriorate holes quality. In this work, the candle stick drill and multi-facet drill are employed to evaluate the machinability of drilling T700/LT-03A CFRP composite laminates in terms of thrust force, delamination, holes diameter and holes surface roughness. S/N ratio is used to characterize the thrust force while an ellipse-shaped delamination model is established to quantitatively analyze the delamination. The best combination of drilling parameters are determined by full consideration of S/N ratios of thrust force and the delamination. The results indicate that candle stick drill will induce the unexpected ellipse-shaped delamination even at its best drilling parameters of spindle speed of 10,000 rpm and feed rate of 0.004 mm/tooth. However, the multi-facet drill cutting at the relative lower feed rate of 0.004 mm/tooth and lower spindle speed of 6000 rpm can effectively prevent the delamination. Comprehensively, holes quality obtained by multi-facet drill is much more superior to those obtained by candle stick drill.

  19. An Interview with David Dabydeen on Literature and Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruzbeh Babaee

    2016-07-01

      RB[1]: You are both a writer and a university professor of comparative literature. Do you know yourself first as a writer or a university professor? DD[2]: First as a writer. When I was a boy that is basically all I wanted to be. As a teenager I wrote the usual self-pitying stuff and, at 16 or 17, I attempted a novel in verse, inspired by some story in the Bible, I forgotten which;  but gave up after a couple of pages. Why want to be a writer? I don’t know. In my youth in Guyana I never encountered a writer. I think it must have been youthful aspiration to emulate the writers of Nancy Drew and Hardy Boys novels, which were standard childhood fare in Guyana. Also, since I come from a large family, it must have been the regular escape to the New Amsterdam public library to be alone, and whilst there( the place was usually empty, discovering books in the Ladybird series on great scientists, great politicians etc. I distinctly remember reading about Benjamin Franklin, Madame Curie, Alexander the Great, and others, at the age of nine or ten.  There were also the odd books on Greek myths, lavishly illustrated for children. The story of Andromeda chained and naked and threatened by a monster, before being saved by Perseus, awakened unfamiliar boyish erotic feelings… perhaps not ‘unfamiliar ‘( I was 8 or 9 but certainly the first time a book had aroused such feelings. When I was about 11 or 12 I came across V.S. Naipaul’s MIGUEL STREET and was awed by how it made our lives in Guyana so familiar. It was set in Trinidad but the characters lived down my street. A great contrast to the Andromeda story which was exotic and erotic as opposed to the familiar lives of ordinary folk described by Naipaul. Being an academic has also been important to my writing. Firstly, you get a lot of time to read and discuss books with very bright students. Teaching in seminar groups has been amazingly exciting at times, and that intellectual excitement, sensuous in intensity

  20. Identification of predominant odorants in thai desserts flavored by smoking with "Tian Op", a traditional Thai scented candle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watcharananun, Wanwarang; Cadwallader, Keith R; Huangrak, Kittiphong; Kim, Hun; Lorjaroenphon, Yaowapa

    2009-02-11

    "Tian Op", a traditional Thai scented candle, is used for the smoking and flavoring of sweets, cakes, and other desserts for the purpose of adding a unique aroma to the final product. Gas chromatography-olfactometry, aroma extract dilution analysis, and GC-MS were applied to identify the potent odorants in two types of traditional Thai desserts ("num dok mai" and "gleep lum duan") prepared using a Tian Op smoking process. On the basis of the results of AEDA and calculated odor-activity values, the predominant odorants in the Tian Op flavored desserts were vinyl ketones (C(5)-C(9)), n-aldehydes (C(5)-C(11)), (E)-2-unsaturated aldehydes (C(8)-C(11)), and omega-1-unsaturated aldehydes (C(8) and C(9)). Sensory studies of model mixtures confirmed the importance of n-aldehydes, omega-1-unsaturated aldehydes, and guaiacol as predominant odorants; however, the results showed that vinyl ketones and (E)-2-unsaturated aldehydes, despite having high odor-activity values, may be of only minor importance in the typical aroma profiles of traditional Tian Op smoked desserts.

  1. Facile Fabrication and Characterization of a PDMS-Derived Candle Soot Coated Stable Biocompatible Superhydrophobic and Superhemophobic Surface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, R; Majhy, B; Sen, A K

    2017-09-13

    We report a simple, inexpensive, rapid, and one-step method for the fabrication of a stable and biocompatible superhydrophobic and superhemophobic surface. The proposed surface comprises candle soot particles embedded in a mixture of PDMS+n-hexane serving as the base material. The mechanism responsible for the superhydrophobic behavior of the surface is explained, and the surface is characterized based on its morphology and elemental composition, wetting properties, mechanical and chemical stability, and biocompatibility. The effect of %n-hexane in PDMS, the thickness of the PDMS+n-hexane layer (in terms of spin coating speed) and sooting time on the wetting property of the surface is studied. The proposed surface exhibits nanoscale surface asperities (average roughness of 187 nm), chemical compositions of soot particles, very high water and blood repellency along with excellent mechanical and chemical stability and excellent biocompatibility against blood sample and biological cells. The water contact angle and roll-off angle is measured as 160° ± 1° and 2°, respectively, and the blood contact angle is found to be 154° ± 1°, which indicates that the surface is superhydrophobic and superhemophobic. The proposed superhydrophobic and superhemophobic surface offers significantly improved (>40%) cell viability as compared to glass and PDMS surfaces.

  2. Highlight: Dr David Butler-Jones on fighting pandemics | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-04-15

    Apr 15, 2016 ... In the context of developing countries, Butler-Jones drew attention to the importance of public healthcare teams of doctors and paramedics, data, and accreditation standards in identifying appropriate interventions. There is a need to explore the public-private nexus, traditional medicines, and public health ...

  3. Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 2, Appendixes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-10-01

    This document contains the appendixes for the remedial investigation and feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 site in Knoxville, Tennessee. The following topics are covered in the appendixes: (A) David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site Historical Data, (B) Fieldwork Plans for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, (C) Risk Assessment, (D) Remediation Technology Discussion, (E) Engineering Support Documentation, (F) Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements, and (G) Cost Estimate Documentation

  4. Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 2, Appendixes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    This document contains the appendixes for the remedial investigation and feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 site in Knoxville, Tennessee. The following topics are covered in the appendixes: (A) David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site Historical Data, (B) Fieldwork Plans for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, (C) Risk Assessment, (D) Remediation Technology Discussion, (E) Engineering Support Documentation, (F) Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements, and (G) Cost Estimate Documentation.

  5. Hebrews 5:7 as the cry of the Davidic sufferer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Bertolet

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a better source for the Son’s cry in Hebrews 5:7. It begins by surveying sources previous scholars have identified, including Jesus’ cry in Gethsemane and Golgotha, several Psalms, and the Maccabean martyr literature. It is then argued that these background sources for the language are insufficient. Instead the author of Hebrews has an entire motif from the Psalter as his informing source: the Davidic figure that cries out in trust to be delivered from a death-like experience. Firstly, the motif of the Davidic righteous suffering in the LXX Psalms is demonstrated. Secondly, Hebrews’ use of the Messianic royal figure is demonstrated and thirdly, Hebrews 5:7 as a portrait of the Christ who cries out for deliverance is demonstrated. Thus, Hebrews 5:7 sees the Son as the Davidic king who is the true representative human exercising trust in YHWH, bringing to fulfilment the theme from various Psalms.

  6. When Shakespeare met Raimi: David Mence’s Macbeth re-arisen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Benatti

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available What would happen if Macbeth returned as a zombie? David Mence's "Macbeth Re-Arisen", a daring sequel of Shakespeare's Macbeth, is the answer to that question. According to award-winning author David Mence, the borders between pulp science fiction, fantasy and horror and literary fiction are more permeable than we think (Mence, 2014. In his audacious "Macbeth Re-Arisen", entirely written in blank verse, Mence blends the medieval Scotland depicted by Shakespeare with the maniacal zombies of Sam Raimi's "Evil Dead" series. This article analyses the representation of zombies as characters in relation to David Mence's "Macbeth Re-Arisen", showing some continuity between this sequel of Shakespeares "Macbeth" and zombies in cinema, popular culture, and social studies. This article also analyses characters and topoi in ÒMacbeth Re-ArisenÓ and compares them to those in Shakesperare's "Macbeth".

  7. Do Père David's deer lose memories of their ancestral predators?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chunwang; Yang, Xiaobo; Ding, Yuhua; Zhang, Linyuan; Fang, Hongxia; Tang, Songhua; Jiang, Zhigang

    2011-01-01

    Whether prey retains antipredator behavior after a long period of predator relaxation is an important question in predator-prey evolution. Père David's deer have been raised in enclosures for more than 1200 years and this isolation provides an opportunity to study whether Père David's deer still respond to the cues of their ancestral predators or to novel predators. We played back the sounds of crows (familiar sound) and domestic dogs (familiar non-predators), of tigers and wolves (ancestral predators), and of lions (potential naïve predator) to Père David's deer in paddocks, and blank sounds to the control group, and videoed the behavior of the deer during the experiment. We also showed life-size photo models of dog, leopard, bear, tiger, wolf, and lion to the deer and video taped their responses after seeing these models. Père David's deer stared at and approached the hidden loudspeaker when they heard the roars of tiger or lion. The deer listened to tiger roars longer, approached to tiger roars more and spent more time staring at the tiger model. The stags were also found to forage less in the trials of tiger roars than that of other sound playbacks. Additionally, it took longer for the deer to restore their normal behavior after they heard tiger roars, which was longer than that after the trial of other sound playbacks. Moreover, the deer were only found to walk away after hearing the sounds of tiger and wolf. Therefore, the tiger was probably the main predator for Père David's deer in ancient time. Our study implies that Père David's deer still retain the memories of the acoustic and visual cues of their ancestral predators in spite of the long term isolation from natural habitat.

  8. Do Père David's deer lose memories of their ancestral predators?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunwang Li

    Full Text Available Whether prey retains antipredator behavior after a long period of predator relaxation is an important question in predator-prey evolution. Père David's deer have been raised in enclosures for more than 1200 years and this isolation provides an opportunity to study whether Père David's deer still respond to the cues of their ancestral predators or to novel predators. We played back the sounds of crows (familiar sound and domestic dogs (familiar non-predators, of tigers and wolves (ancestral predators, and of lions (potential naïve predator to Père David's deer in paddocks, and blank sounds to the control group, and videoed the behavior of the deer during the experiment. We also showed life-size photo models of dog, leopard, bear, tiger, wolf, and lion to the deer and video taped their responses after seeing these models. Père David's deer stared at and approached the hidden loudspeaker when they heard the roars of tiger or lion. The deer listened to tiger roars longer, approached to tiger roars more and spent more time staring at the tiger model. The stags were also found to forage less in the trials of tiger roars than that of other sound playbacks. Additionally, it took longer for the deer to restore their normal behavior after they heard tiger roars, which was longer than that after the trial of other sound playbacks. Moreover, the deer were only found to walk away after hearing the sounds of tiger and wolf. Therefore, the tiger was probably the main predator for Père David's deer in ancient time. Our study implies that Père David's deer still retain the memories of the acoustic and visual cues of their ancestral predators in spite of the long term isolation from natural habitat.

  9. David C. Drum, DC, FCCS(C): an accomplished, multi-faceted individual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Douglas M

    2017-03-01

    Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) is quoted as saying, "The meaning of life is to find your gift. The purpose of life is to give it away." With these few words Picasso captures the essence of David Drum's existence. From his birth in Moncton, NB, through his formal education in Toronto, ON, to his so-called "retirement" in Crystal Beach, ON, this paper spans 72 years, unveiling the broad range of opportunities for growth David Drum has encountered in his life's journey and documenting his acceptance of the obligations for proud philanthropy that accompany them. Dr. Drum's many accomplishments, gifts, and contributions to the profession and world of art are discussed.

  10. David I reimplantation procedure for aortic root replacement in Marfan patients: medium-term outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kari, Fabian A; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm; Rylski, Bartosz; Stephens, Elizabeth H; Russe, Maximilian; Siepe, Matthias

    2014-11-01

    Technical variations of the David reimplantation valve-sparing aortic root replacement (V-SARR) procedure have been proposed to be advantageous in patients with connective tissue disease, such as the Marfan syndrome (MFS). We report results of a Marfan cohort treated exclusively with the non-modified David I procedure. Forty-eight Marfan patients (25 males, mean age 33 ± 12 years, range 15-62 years) underwent the original variant of the David V-SARR (David I) between 1997 and 2013. Forty-two operations (88%) were performed as elective procedures for aortic root aneurysms and six for acute dissections (12%). Seventeen had aortic regurgitation (AR) grades ≥2+ preoperatively, and 3 had AR >2+. No patients with severe AR (4+) were selected for V-SARR. Three full or hemi-arch replacements were performed. Patients who were operated on using a variation of the David I or David II procedure were excluded. Mean prosthesis size was 28 ± 3 mm (18-30 mm). Mean clinical and echocardiographic follow-up (98% complete) was 3.8 ± 3.7 years with a cumulative follow-up of 178 patient-years. The early mortality rate was 2% (one hospital death). The survival rate was 98% (95% confidence 84-99%) at 4 years and 90% (57-98%) at 8 years with 5 patients at risk at 10 years. The rate of freedom from root or valve reoperation was 97% (79-99%) and 97% (79-99%) at 4 and 8 years, respectively. Only one patient required mechanical aortic valve replacement for progression of AR. Despite potential theoretical drawbacks of the David I V-SARR technique without neo-sinuses or a neo-sinotubular junction, it results in a favourable mid-term outcome in Marfan patients and compares well with reported results of different modifications of David V-SARR. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  11. Human rights standards for targeted sanctions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cortright, D.; de Wet, E.

    2010-01-01

    Legal scholar Erika de Wet and sanctions expert David Cortright team up to analyze the core principles of international human rights law in relation to the procedures for the imposition of targeted sanctions by the UN Security Council and the European Union. They define core legal standards such as

  12. Using multiple continuous fine particle monitors to characterize tobacco, incense, candle, cooking, wood burning, and vehicular sources in indoor, outdoor, and in-transit settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Wayne R.; Siegmann, Hans C.

    This study employed two continuous particle monitors operating on different measurement principles to measure concentrations simultaneously from common combustion sources in indoor, outdoor, and in-transit settings. The pair of instruments use (a) photo-charging (PC) operating on the principle ionization of fine particles that responds to surface particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PPAHs), and (b) diffusion charging (DC) calibrated to measure the active surface area of fine particles. The sources studied included: (1) secondhand smoke (cigarettes, cigars, and pipes), (2) incense (stick and cone), (3) candles used as food warmers, (4) cooking (toasting bread and frying meat), (5) fireplaces and ambient wood smoke, and (6) in-vehicle exposures traveling on California arterials and interstate highways. The ratio of the PC to the DC readings, or the PC/DC ratio, was found to be different for major categories of sources. Cooking, burning toast, and using a "canned heat" food warmer gave PC/DC ratios close to zero. Controlled experiments with 10 cigarettes averaged 0.15 ng mm -2 (ranging from 0.11 to 0.19 ng mm -2), which was similar to the PC/DC ratio for a cigar, although a pipe was slightly lower (0.09 ng mm -2). Large incense sticks had PC/DC ratios similar to those of cigarettes and cigars. The PC/DC ratios for ambient wood smoke averaged 0.29 ng mm -2 on 6 dates, or about twice those of cigarettes and cigars, reflecting a higher ratio of PAH to active surface area. The smoke from two artificial logs in a residential fireplace had a PC/DC ratio of 0.33-0.35 ng mm -2. The emissions from candles were found to vary, depending on how the candles were burned. If the candle flickered and generated soot, a higher PC/DC ratio resulted than if the candle burned uniformly in still air. Inserting piece of metal into the candle's flame caused high PPAH emissions with a record PC/DC reading of 1.8 ng mm -2. In-vehicle exposures measured on 43- and 50-min drives on a

  13. Objectivism and Education: A Response to David Elkind's "The Problem with Constructivism"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Jamin

    2005-01-01

    This paper responds to David Elkind's article "The Problem with Constructivism," published in the Summer 2004 issue of The EducationalForum. It argues that Elkind?s thesis?teacher, curricular, and societal readiness lead to the implementation of constructivism?is conceptually problematic. This paper also critiques constructivism and supports…

  14. Romantic Remediation? John Cage and Henry David Thoreau’s Walden State of Mind

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mehring, F.

    2014-01-01

    Rather than identifying Cage as a romantic soul mate of the transcendentalists exhibiting a rebellious attitude against conventions, I will investigate new ways to detect with greater exactness what Sean Wilentz described in the context of David S. Reynolds work on the American Renaissance as “the

  15. David van der Linden, Experiencing Exile: Huguenot Refugees in the Dutch Republic 1680-1700

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Glozier

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available David van der Linden, Experiencing Exile: Huguenot Refugees in the Dutch Republic 1680-1700 (PhD Universiteit Utrecht 2013; Politics and Culture in Europe, 1650-1750; Farnham: Ashgate, 2015, xx + 289 pp., ISBN 978 14 7242 927 8.

  16. Education Policy, Globalization, Commercialization: An Interview with Bob Lingard by David Hursh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hursh, David

    2017-01-01

    In this interview with David Hursh, Bob Lingard comments on his current and/or recently completed research projects in respect to new modes of global governance in schooling and the complementarity between international large scale assessments and national testing. He also looks at a project that, in conjunction with school leaders, teachers,…

  17. Finding Our Way Back to Healthy Eating: A Conversation with David A. Kessler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzam, Amy M.

    2009-01-01

    In this interview, David Kessler, former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, explains why so many people overeat. Changing lifestyles promote the constant availability of food and around-the-clock eating. In today's highly processed foods, food companies are able to dial in the exact amount of fat, sugar, and salt that will make…

  18. Exclusion and renewal : identity and Jewishness in Franz Kafka's "The Metamorphosis" and David Vogel's Married Life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valk, Francina Cornelia

    2015-01-01

    In this study I explore literary structures of identity-formation in the works of assimilated/acculturated Jewish writers: Kafka’s novella “The Metamorphosis” (“Die Verwandlung”, 1912) and David Vogel’s Hebrew novel Married Life. 1929) These authors wrote their works when the failure of Jewish

  19. Congo, de missie en de literatuur: Over David van Reybrouck, J. G. ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, the travel books written by Lieve Joris and Bart Castelein and the play Missie (Mission) written by David van Reybrouck (2007) sketched a positive and nostalgic image of the missionary. Keywords: Dutch (post)colonial literature, Congo, missionaries, colonialism. Tydskrif vir Letterkunde Vol. 46 (1) 2009: pp. 123- ...

  20. Käsitsi tegemise võlu / David Jones ; intervjueerinud Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jones, David, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    10. Kohila keraamikasümpoosionil osalenud briti keraamik ja teoreetik David Jones endast, rakutehnikast, huvist põletamisega seonduvate teemade vastu, Kohila sümpoosioni raames tehtust, keraamika õpetamisest Inglismaal, käsitöö ja keraamika positsioonist praegu ja tulevikus jm.

  1. Enciclopédia e Shoah: fragmento e verbete em Ver: Amor, de David Grossman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Philippe Faria Santos

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O romance Ver: Amor, 2007, de David Grossman evidencia uma forma contemporânea de ficção sobre a Shoah, marcada pela fragmentação narrativa e escrita lacunar, que no romance de Grossman evidenciam, paradoxalmente, uma escrita enciclopédica, a partir da configuração do texto como verbete.

  2. Surnuist üles äratamine = Reviving the dead / David Crowley

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Crowley, David, 1966-

    2012-01-01

    Eesti ekspositsioonist "Kui pikk on ühe maja elu?" 13. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalil "Common Ground" (kuraator David Chipperfield). Tallinna Linnahalli minevikust ja praegusest olukorrast. Kuraator Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, näituse autorid Urmo Vaikla, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Ingel Vaikla, Maria Pukk, Ivar Lubjak, Veronika Valk. Saksa paviljoni näitusest "Reduce, reuse, recycle"

  3. David Hume's Monetary Theory Revisited: Was He Really a Quantity Theorist and an Inflationist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wennerlind, Carl

    2005-01-01

    David Hume's monetary theory has been controversial since its formulation. Lately, the focus has been on Hume's alleged misapplication of the quantity theory of money. While he appears to subscribe to a simple quantity theory with money neutrality, in a famously contested passage in the essay Of Money, he violates the neutrality condition by…

  4. Don Davide Albertario propagandista antiebraico. L'accusa di omicidio rituale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Di Fant

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the leading role played by the priest/journalist Davide Albertario in the catholic antisemite propaganda of the late 19th century. He was director of "L'Osservatore Cattolico", a Milan-based daily paper belonging to the catholic press network controlled by the Vatican, that published many articles against the Jews, notably involving the blood libel.

  5. David Cronenberg ja William S. Burroughs kutsuvad teid lantshile / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    1999-01-01

    Mängufilm "Alasti eine" ("Naked Lunch") William S. Burroughs' teose järgi : režissöör ja stsenarist David Cronenberg : Suurbritannia - Kanada 1991. Lähemalt režissööri kohta. Ka Nädal nr. 35, lk. 29

  6. A Response to David Kirk: Personal/Professional Views from US Authors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastie, Peter; van der Mars, Hans

    2014-01-01

    This paper represents the views of two scholars in the USA with respect to the scholar lecture presented by David Kirk at the 2012 BERA -- Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy (PESP) Special Interest Group meeting. We discuss how two unique features of the American universities have an impact on both the corporate nature of our work and our…

  7. The Archives of the History of American Psychology: An Interview with David B. Baker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, Loreto R.

    2001-01-01

    Presents an interview with David B. Baker, Director of the Archives of the History of American Psychology. Covers topics such as: Baker's interest in the history of psychology, his work at the Archives of the History of American Psychology, and recommendations for teachers when addressing history in non-history courses. (CMK)

  8. David Kirk on Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy: In Dialogue with Steven Stolz (Part 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolz, Steven A.; Kirk, David

    2015-01-01

    Forming the first of two articles, this dialogue begins from the dilemma posed in the writings of David Kirk that physical education is in crisis because the dominant practice of physical education as "sport-techniques" is resistant to change. In order to make sense of crisis discourse, the discussion explores the potential for change in…

  9. David Hurst Thomas and the Historical Archaeology of the Spanish Borderlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snead, James E.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses David Hurst Thomas' archaeological work on the Spanish borderlands, which integrates field archaeology and documentary history. Focuses on locating and studying the Santa Catalina de Guale. Addresses his project on the Pueblo San Marcos that will further test his ideas about the Spanish mission period. (CMK)

  10. Inconvenient Truths: A Response to the Article by David Stoesz, "The Child Welfare Cartel"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, James J.; Yegidis, Bonnie L.

    2016-01-01

    David Stoesz offers a sweeping critique of the Children's Bureau and social work education by claiming the existence of a "child welfare cartel." He also attacks the quality of social work education and research, which he claims has poorly invested government funding and helped create the unmitigated failures of the American child…

  11. David F. Treagust: congenial soul, science educator, and international research leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, Kenneth; Rennie, Leonie; Venville, Grady; Chu, Hye-Eun; Fensham, Peter; Gallagher, James; Duit, Reinders; Graeber, Wolfgang; van den Berg, Ed; Hand, Brian; Ritchie, Stephen; Dillon, Justin

    2011-09-01

    For almost a half century David F. Treagust has been an exemplary science educator who has contributed through his dedication and commitments to students, curriculum development and collaboration with teachers, and cutting edge research in science education that has impacted the field globally, nationally and locally. A hallmark of his outstanding career is his collaborative style that inspires others to produce their best work.

  12. The body in the pool: reflections on David Cronenberg’s 'Maps to the Stars'

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold-de-Simine, Silke

    2016-01-01

    Placing David Cronenberg’s Maps to the Stars (2014) in the Gothic tradition reveals the ghostly and often overlooked mother-daughter dynamics at play in that genre, veering between the internalized fears of Gothic terror and the externalized evil of Gothic horror.

  13. Q & A with Ed Tech Leaders: Interview with David M. Monetti

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulgham, Susan M.; Shaughnessy, Michael F.

    2014-01-01

    Contributing editors Susan Fulgham and Michael Shaughnessy present their interview with David M. Monetti, Professor in the Department of Psychology and Counseling at Valdosta State University. Monetti teaches courses in educational psychology, learning, and measurement and evaluation. He is actively involved with the public schools as a researcher…

  14. David Hockney’s Early Etchings: Going Transatlantic and Being British

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Hammer

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available David Hockney’s early autobiographical prints, My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean 1961 and the series A Rake’s Progress 1961–3, are examined in relation to contemporary developments in American art and literature, the artist’s affinities with his British modernist contemporaries and predecessors, and other aspects of his emerging sense of artistic and sexual identity.

  15. An Interview with David Rindskopf: A Leading Voice on Teaching Statistics and Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bembenutty, Hefer

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an interview with David Rindskopf, a Distinguished Professor of Educational Psychology and Psychology at the City University of New York Graduate Center, where he has taught since 1979. His research and teaching are in the area of applied statistics, measurement, and research design. He is a fellow of the American Statistical…

  16. Apollo külastajate lemmikuks on Jan Kausi ja David Mitchelli raamatud / Jaak Urmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urmet, Jaak, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Apollo kaupluse koduleheküljel valiti parimaks ilukirjandusteoseks Jan Kausi "Tema", tõlgitud ilukirjanduse osas David Mitchelli "Pilveatlas", luuleraamatutest Ott Arderi "Luule sünnib kus sünnib kui sünnib" ja lasteraamatutest Christopher Paolini "Vanem"

  17. Paul Voosen Receives 2013 David Perlman Award for Excellence in Science Journalism—News: Citation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaneski, Cyril T.

    2014-01-01

    It's my pleasure to nominate Paul Voosen, the former science reporter for Greenwire, for the David Perlman award. Last November, as Superstorm Sandy pounded the East Coast of the United States, Paul found himself stranded for several days in Miami, mourning a recently deceased family member.

  18. In situ TEM nanoindentation and dislocation-grain boundary interactions : a tribute to David Brandon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Hosson, J.T.M.; Soer, W.A.; Minor, A.M.; Shan, Z.W.; Stach, E.A.; Asif, S.A.S.; Warren, O.L.

    2006-01-01

    As a tribute to the scientific work of Professor David Brandon, this paper delineates the possibilities of utilizing in situ transmission electron microscopy to unravel dislocation-grain boundary interactions. In particular, we have focused on the deformation characteristics of Al-Mg films. To this

  19. Resident database interfaces to the DAVID system, a heterogeneous distributed database management system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moroh, Marsha

    1988-01-01

    A methodology for building interfaces of resident database management systems to a heterogeneous distributed database management system under development at NASA, the DAVID system, was developed. The feasibility of that methodology was demonstrated by construction of the software necessary to perform the interface task. The interface terminology developed in the course of this research is presented. The work performed and the results are summarized.

  20. Imitate Me; Don't Imitate Me: Mimeticism in David Bartholomae's "Inventing the University."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Richard

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the issue of the instructor's role in the classroom with respect to David Bartholomae's "Inventing the University." Suggests an approach informed by the literary and anthropological theories of Rene Girard. Deals with Girard's views on mimetic desire. Asserts the double-bind of this view--"imitate me; don't imitate…

  1. The image of the blessed monarch, the Holy King of Georgia David the Builder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efimov Vladimir Fedorovich

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the biography of the saint Georgian monarch, David the Builder, analyzes his actions, church, external and internal policy. Finally it draws a conclusion that all his life was dedicated to the service of God and neighbor. Thus, his life was a model of Christian Ministry, he occupied a responsible position in society.

  2. The post-perspectival: screens and time in David Lynch's Inland Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Jerslev

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Taking Anne Friedberg's notion of the post-perspectival as the point of departure for her analysis of David Lynch's digitally shot and edited Inland Empire from 2006, Anne Jerslev argues that the film deconstructs continuous time and coherent space by constructing multiple planes of representation, multiple layerings of screens and, hence, multiple and fractured modes of perception. The article further suggests that the film's enigmatic structure might best be understood with reference to a new media genre like the website with its hyperlink structure. Finally, the article discusses how a sense of ubiquitous surveillance coalesces with the screen logic.Author Biography Anne Jerslev (PhD is Professor of Film and Media Studies at the Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen. Anne Jerslev has published and edited books in Danish and English and published dozens of articles in journals and anthologies in Danish, Scandinavian languages, German and English. Her first book was titled David Lynch i vore øjne (David Lynch in our eyes (1991; it was published in German in 1995 under the title David Lynch—mentale Landschaften. After the Lynch book she published books about cult movies, youth and media and media and intimacy. She has edited two volumes in English, Realism and Reality in Film and Media (2002, where she contributed a piece about Lars von Trier's The Idiots, and Performative Realism (co-edited with Rune Gade (2005. Her latest edited volume (co-edited with Christa Lykke Christensen is Hvor går grænsen? Brudflader i den moderne mediekultur [Are there no limits? The crossing of boundaries in contemporary media culture] (Copenhagen 2010. She is currently editing a volume about “Impure Cinema” together with professor Lúcia Nagib from the University of Leeds, which will appear in 2013. Her own contribution to the book is an article about David Lynch's Interview Project.

  3. Compilation of Published PM2.5 Emission Rates for Cooking, Candles and Incense for Use in Modeling of Exposures in Residences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Tianchao [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Singer, Brett C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Logue, Jennifer M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-08-01

    recent analysis of health impacts from air pollutant inhalation in homes found that PM2.5 is the most damaging at the population level. Chronic exposure to elevated PM2.5 has the potential to damage human respiratory systems, and may result in premature death. PM2.5 exposures in homes can be mitigated through various approaches including kitchen exhaust ventilation, filtration, indoor pollutant source reduction and designing ventilation systems to reduce the entry of PM2.5 from outdoors. Analysis of the potential benefits and costs of various approaches can be accomplished using computer codes that simulate the key physical processes including emissions, dilution and ventilation. The largest sources of PM2.5 in residences broadly are entry from outdoors and emissions from indoor combustion. The largest indoor sources are tobacco combustion (smoking), cooking and the burning of candles and incense. Data on the magnitude of PM2.5 and other pollutant emissions from these events and processes are required to conduct simulations for analysis. The goal of this study was to produce a database of pollutant emission rates associated with cooking and the burning of candles and incense. The target use of these data is for indoor air quality modeling.

  4. David Bowie’s Influence on JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco-Alessio Ursini

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the influence of David Bowie’s work in JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure, a manga known for its wealth of references to western popular culture. It is argued that David Bowie’s cultural reception can be attested via the presence of three narrative themes featuring in this manga series. The first theme is the exploration of diverse genres and an innovative, genre-defying attitude. The second theme is the use of avant-garde, flamboyant and gender-ambiguous aesthetics for its fictional characters. The third theme is a self-reflexive approach to the creation of fictional characters, intended as an awareness of the temporary, transient nature of their role as reluctant heroes in their own stories.

  5. Dialectical materialism and the construction of a new quantum theory: David Joseph Bohm, 1917-1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forstner, C.

    2005-07-01

    This paper touches on some general questions of theory construction in physics, by presenting a biographical case study of David Bohm through the perspective of Fleckian thought-collectives and their thought-style. In the 1920s a small elite of physicists established the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics as a new thought-style in the thought-collective of the physicists. In the following decade the Copenhagen Interpretation was transferred from Europe to the USA, from one thought-collective into another, and was integrated into a specific American thought-style. David Bohm was initiated in this mode of thought during his undergraduate studies at the Pennsylvania State College and his graduate studies at Caltech and the University of California at Berkeley. (orig.)

  6. A CRITIC APPROACH OF HENRY JAMES SEEN BY NORTHROP FRYE AND DAVID LODGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula-Andreea ONOFREI

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper represents our attempt to decipher the literary ideas that Henry James, Northrop Frye and David Lodge brought in criticism, therefore our main focus is on The Art of Fiction and The Art of the Novel, both belonging to Henry James, The Anatomy of Criticism -by Northrop Frye and The Art of Fiction of David Lodge. Particular attention is going to be given to Henry James and the concepts that he introduced in narratology, we will refer to the distinct features of Modernism, the literary current which has H. James as its representative and to the way Frye and Lodge regard „The Master’s” work from a critic point of view. The purpose is to familiarize the readers with the American author Henry James and to understand the complexity of his work.

  7. Rapport de frais de 2010-2011 pour David Malone | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2010-2011 pour David Malone. Frais de déplacement et dépenses d'accueil de l'exercice 2010 - 2011. Nous finançons des chercheurs qui inspirent des changements mondiaux. Abonnez-vous · Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Désabonnez-vous · Plan du site. Suivez-nous; Facebook · Twitter ...

  8. Rapport de frais de 2011-2012 pour David Malone | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2011-2012 pour David Malone. Frais de déplacement et dépenses d'accueil de l'exercice 2011 - 2012. Nous finançons des chercheurs qui inspirent des changements mondiaux. Abonnez-vous · Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Désabonnez-vous · Plan du site. Suivez-nous; Facebook · Twitter ...

  9. Rapport de frais de 2009-2010 pour David Malone | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2009-2010 pour David Malone. Frais de déplacement et dépenses d'accueil de l'exercice 2009 - 2010 · Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site. Abonnez-vous à notre bulletin électronique dès ...

  10. Dr. David Brown poses with a portrait of Ronald McNair

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    In the gymnasium of Ronald McNair Magnet School in Cocoa, Fla., Dr. David Brown, a NASA astronaut, poses with a portrait of NASA astronaut Ronald McNair. The portrait was presented to the school by Walt Disney World during a tribute to McNair. The school had previously been renamed for the fallen astronaut who was one of a crew of seven who lost their lives during an accident following launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger in January 1986.

  11. Hacking the aesthetic: David Haines and Joyce Hinterding’s new ecologies of signal

    OpenAIRE

    Murphie, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Award winning Australian electronic artists David Haines and Joyce Hinterding’s installation work is discussed as ‘‘signal-work.’’ Their work reconfigures signal within original assemblages involving subtle audio, high resolution video (both recorded and animated), kilometers of coiled copper wire, antennae or home-built electronics, electrostatic disturbances, the like of very low frequency radiation from the Milky Way, and cross-signal processing. The article develops a context for thinking...

  12. David Bohm, sua estada no Brasil e a teoria quântica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olival Freire Jr.

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available Quando o artigo Uma proposta de interpretação da teoria quântica em termos de variáveis" escondidas", de autoria de David Bohm, foi publicado, ele estava no Brasil, na Universidade de São Paulo. Atingido pelo McCarthysm, Bohm perdeu sua posição na Universidade de Princeton e, por isto, veio para o Brasil, onde permaneceu de outubro de 1951 a janeiro de 1955. Analisamos sua atividade neste período, incluindo sua interpretação da teoria quântica, e a recepção desta pela comunidade científica. Destacamos que, apesar das condições adversas, a sociedade brasileira foi capaz de acolher o cidadão e cientista perseguido politicamente, e assegurar a continuidade de seu trabalho científico. A ciência brasileira foi bastante beneficiada pelo ensino, pela pesquisa e pela permanente preocupação com os fundamentos da física, características do trabalho de David Bohm.When the paper A Suggested interpretation of the quantum theory in terms of "hidden" variables, by David Bohm, was published he has been in Brazil at University of São Paulo. He was hit by the McCarthysm, lost his post at the Princeton University and by this he came to the Brazil, where he stayed from 1951 (October to 1955 (January. We analysed his activity in this period, including his interpretation of the quantum theory and its reception in the scientific community. We pointed out that notwithstanding the adverse conditions, the Brazilian society was able to recept the political persecuted scientist and citizen and to warrant the continuity of his scientific work. The Brazilian science was very benefited by the teaching, the research and the permanent preoccupation with the foundations of physics, features of David Bohm's work.

  13. Building thermal loads: A case study for David Hellen Petta public secondary school

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kumirai, T

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Building Handbook South Africa Volume 5: The Essential Guide Building Thermal Loads: A case study for David Hellen Petta public secondary school T Kumirai Built Environment, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research PO Box 395, Pretoria..., 0001 South Africa tkumirai@csir.co.za Abstract Statistics published by the Department of Basic Education in November 2010 reveal the following: a) There are 11 834 516 learners that attend public schools, b) there are 387 837 educators...

  14. David Mills, Microbiology of food production built environments: dairies and wineries

    OpenAIRE

    Schriml, Lynn

    2017-01-01

    David Mills, University of California Davis Microbiology of food production built environments: dairies and wineriesOn October 10-12th, 2017 the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine co-hosting MoBE 2017 (Microbiology of the Built Environment Research and Applications Symposium) at the National Academy of Sciences Building to present the current state-of-the-science in understanding the formation and function of microbial communities in bu...

  15. J. David Creswell: Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    APA's Awards for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology recognize excellent young psychologists who have not held a doctoral degree for more than nine years. One of the 2014 award winners is J. David Creswell, for "outstanding and innovative research on mechanisms linking stress management strategies to disease." Creswell's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  16. Which research methods for special education? Information from David Mitchell’s work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Pellegrini

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we asked what are the research methods used to ensure the reliability of knowledge in special education and if these may be based on the same criteria used by the research with all classroom. To answer these questions at first was carried out an analysis of the research methods of the work conducted by David Mitchell (2008; 2014, that is now the most complete and reliable overview of effective strategies in special education. Than only the experimental method researches and meta-analysis ware considered to evaluate in which contexts had been carried out and whit which disabilities.Quali metodi di ricerca per la didattica speciale? Alcune indicazioni dal lavoro di David MitchellNel presente contributo ci si chiede quali siano i metodi di ricerca che garantiscono maggiore affidabilità delle conoscenze nell’ambito della didattica speciale e se questi possano basarsi sugli stessi criteri impiegati nelle ricerche a livello dell’intera classe. Per rispondere a queste domande in un primo momento è stata compiuta un’analisi delle metodologie di ricerca a cui fa riferimento il lavoro condotto da David Mitchell (2008; 2014 considerato la sintesi più completa e affidabile delle strategie efficaci per la didattica speciale. In un secondo momento sono state considerate solo gli studi sperimentali e le meta-analisi per valutare in quali contesti sono stati svolti e su quali disabilità.

  17. Using optically scanned 3D data in the restoration of Michelangelo's David

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scopigno, Roberto; Cignoni, Paolo; Callieri, Marco; Ganovelli, Fabio; Impoco, G.; Pingi, P.; Ponchio, F.

    2003-10-01

    Modern 3D scanning technologies allow to reconstruct 3D digital representations of Cultural Heritage artifacts in a semi-automatic way, characterized by very high accuracy and wealth of details. The availability of an accurate digital representation opens several possibilities of utilization to experts (restorers, archivists, museum curators), or to ordinary people (students, museum visitors). 3D scanned data are commonly used for the production of animations, interactive visualizations, or virtual reality applications. A much more exciting opportunity is to use these data in the restoration of Cultural Heritage artworks. The integration between 3D graphic and restoration represents an open research field where many new supporting tools are required; the David restoration project has given several starting points and guidelines to the definition and development of innovative solutions. Digital 3D models can be used in two different but not subsidiary modes: as an instrument for the execution of specific investigations and as a supporting media for the archival and integration of all the restoration-related information, gathered with the different studies and analysis performed on the artwork. In this paper we present some recent work done in the framework of the Michelangelo's David restoration project. A 3D model of the David was reconstructed by the Digital Michelangelo Project, using laser-based 3D scanning technology. We have developed some tools to make those data accessible and useful in the restoration. Preliminary results are reported here together with some directions for further research.

  18. David Huffman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Huffman had his schooling and undergraduate college education in Ohio where he earned a bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering at the age of 18. He then worked in the US Navy as a radar maintenance officer on a destroyer that was supposed to clear mines from Japanese and Chinese waters after World War II.

  19. LA OBSOLESCENCIA COMO OPORTUNIDAD PARA UNA INFRAESTRUCTURA SOCIAL: TORRE DAVID/ Obsolescence as an opportunity for social infrastructure: the Tower of David

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Martínez Navarro

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN La ocupación del Centro Financiero Cofinanzas, más conocido como Torre David, ha sido tan alabada como criticada. Quizá porque más allá de la ilegalidad, la apropiación del símbolo de una época de desigualdad puso en jaque ciertos pilares fundamentales en la producción de lo urbano. De un lado las políticas económicas y sociales, que salvo excepciones no han hecho sino impulsar la desigualdad, la pobreza y la exclusión social. Del otro la academia, la profesión y las políticas urbanas heredadas del planeamiento urbano moderno, las cuales han probado fomentar la segregación espacial, anular la diversidad y destruir el ámbito público. Pero este complejo de 45 plantas y 110.000 m2 era una entidad híbrida, vertical y vacante en el mismo corazón de la ciudad cuya obsolescencia como objeto físico, político y económico fue objetivo de una presión social ya incontenible. Tanto por su escala y diversidad como por su estado inacabado, sus moradores descubrieron una condición urbana excepcional para reconstruir su nueva identidad como ciudadanos. Un conjunto de cinco sistemas abiertos con los que transformar aquella obsolescencia en una parte de la ciudad alternativa; una infraestructura social. Como ya hicieran otros maestros en el pasado el proceso de Torre David replantea, ahora de forma anónima, bajo qué condiciones los sistemas abiertos permiten elaborar estrategias de regeneración urbana y social, sistemas con los que diluir las complicadas fronteras internas creadas en la ciudad contemporánea. SUMMARY The occupation of the Cofinanzas Financial centre, better known as the Tower of David, has been praised as well as criticised. Perhaps because beyond the illegality, the appropriation of a symbol of a time of inequality threatened certain fundamental pillars on the production of urban. On one hand, the economic and social policies, that with some exceptions only fuelled the inequality, poverty, and social exclusion

  20. The outcome after aortic valve-sparing (David) operation in 179 patients: a single-centre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leontyev, Sergey; Trommer, Constanze; Subramanian, Sreekumar; Lehmann, Sven; Dmitrieva, Yaroslava; Misfeld, Martin; Mohr, Friedrich W; Borger, Michael A

    2012-08-01

    The David aortic valve-sparing reimplantation (AVr-D) operation is increasingly being used in patients with aortic root aneurysmal disease and pliable aortic cusps. The objective of this study was to assess our early and medium-term outcomes with the AVr-D operation. Between 2003 and 2011, a total of 179 patients underwent AVr-D procedures. The mean patient age was 49.7 ± 15.1 years, and 23.5% (n = 42) were females. Marfan syndrome was present in 17.3% of patients (n = 31), and acute Type A aortic dissection in 15.6% (n = 28). Clinical follow-up was 100% complete and was 1.8 ± 1.6 years (0 days to 7.5 years) long. Echocardiographic follow-up was performed 2.2 ± 1.5 years (0 days to 7.5 years) postoperatively and was 77% complete. Early mortality was 1.1% (n = 2), with both deaths occurring in patients with Type A dissection. Pre-discharge echocardiography revealed no patients with >2+ aortic insufficiency (AI), 19.6% of patients (n = 34) with 1+ or 2+ AI and 80.4% of patients (n = 145) with trace or no AI. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameters decreased significantly from 5.6 ± 0.9 to 5.1 ± 0.8 cm early postoperatively (P valve re-replacement during follow-up, two due to early endocarditis and two due to non-coronary leaflet prolapse in Marfan patients. Five-year freedom from aortic valve reoperation was 95.9 ± 2.0%. AVr-D is associated with a low mortality and morbidity rate, even in patients with Type A aortic dissection. Although a slightly higher rate of recurrent AI may be present in patients with Marfan syndrome, freedom from recurrent AI and reoperation remains excellent during medium-term follow-up. The David operation should be considered the gold standard for patients with proximal aortic root pathology (aneurysm or dissection) and pliable aortic cusps.

  1. DAVID Knowledgebase: a gene-centered database integrating heterogeneous gene annotation resources to facilitate high-throughput gene functional analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baseler Michael W

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Due to the complex and distributed nature of biological research, our current biological knowledge is spread over many redundant annotation databases maintained by many independent groups. Analysts usually need to visit many of these bioinformatics databases in order to integrate comprehensive annotation information for their genes, which becomes one of the bottlenecks, particularly for the analytic task associated with a large gene list. Thus, a highly centralized and ready-to-use gene-annotation knowledgebase is in demand for high throughput gene functional analysis. Description The DAVID Knowledgebase is built around the DAVID Gene Concept, a single-linkage method to agglomerate tens of millions of gene/protein identifiers from a variety of public genomic resources into DAVID gene clusters. The grouping of such identifiers improves the cross-reference capability, particularly across NCBI and UniProt systems, enabling more than 40 publicly available functional annotation sources to be comprehensively integrated and centralized by the DAVID gene clusters. The simple, pair-wise, text format files which make up the DAVID Knowledgebase are freely downloadable for various data analysis uses. In addition, a well organized web interface allows users to query different types of heterogeneous annotations in a high-throughput manner. Conclusion The DAVID Knowledgebase is designed to facilitate high throughput gene functional analysis. For a given gene list, it not only provides the quick accessibility to a wide range of heterogeneous annotation data in a centralized location, but also enriches the level of biological information for an individual gene. Moreover, the entire DAVID Knowledgebase is freely downloadable or searchable at http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/knowledgebase/.

  2. Getting Past the ‘Post-’: History and Time in the Fiction of David Mitchell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Beville

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines David Mitchell’s Cloud Atlas (2004 and The Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet (2010, with a particular focus on history and narrative time. It seeks to offer an alternative perspective on the multiple and intertwined fictional narratives of Mitchell’s oeuvre as these evidence a move past the "post-" of postmodernism. Keywords: David Mitchell, time, narrative, historiography, experimental fiction, post-postmodernismPostmodernism has cast an extended influence over much literary criticism in the last fifty years. However, with the end of the noughties now in reach of critical hindsight, and with the shock of September 11, 2001 beginning to subside, significant attention is turning once again toward the new literary vanguard. Efforts to discuss post-postmodernism, critical realism, new materialism, and new-millennial writing are certainly on a par with artistic and literary efforts to move beyond postmodernist playfulness and relativism. Within this broader framework, scholars have debated the fiction of David Mitchell, often straining to include his literary experimentalism with categories of the postmodern. However, resisting these efforts in the two novels chosen for analysis here, Mitchell’s writing appears to return from the abstraction and playfulness of postmodern poetics to settle as an engaged writing practice concerned with the materiality of time and of history. With time and history as its conceptual anchors, Mitchell’s more literary practice in the novels discussed here confronts developed postmodernist approaches to the past through an insistence upon a sense of time that abjures postmodern paradigms of uncertainty and relativity. This paper will examine time and narrative in relation to selected recent works by Mitchell in order to allow an alternative perspective on the workings of the multiple and intertwined fictional narratives across his novels; a perspective which can enlarge our understanding of how

  3. Long-term results after aortic valve-sparing operation (David I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Malakh; Baraki, Hassina; Maeding, Ilona; Fitzner, Sebastian; Sarikouch, Samir; Khaladj, Nawid; Hagl, Christian; Haverich, Axel

    2012-01-01

    Aortic valve-sparing David procedure has gained broad acceptance. However, few long-term results have been published. We present our results. More than 450 David procedures have been performed in our institution so far. Of these, 126 patients were operated between July 1993 and December 2000. Median age was 57 (8-83) years and 46 (36.5%) were female. As many as 26 (20.6%) had Marfan syndrome, 21 (16.7%) had acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) and 67 (53.2%) had additional procedures. There were six (4.8%) deaths in 30 post-operative period (POD), four of whom had AADA. In the follow-up, there were 32 (25.4%) late deaths, 11 (34.4%) of these were caused by cardiac or underlying disease or op-related. As many as 15 (11.9%) patients were re-operated; six (40%) were Marfan patients and two (13.3%) had early endocarditis. Follow-up echocardiography of 76 (60.3%) event-free patients showed valve insufficiency (AI)≤AI I° in 68 (89.5%) and grade II in 7 (9.2%) patients. Leaflet degeneration due to proposed leaflet contact with the straight Dacron graft was not observed. A total of 36 (47.4%) patients were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I, 33 (43.4%) in NYHA II, and five (6.6%) were in class III. During the entire follow-up of 790 patient-years, there was no stroke or major bleeding. Survival at 1, 5 and 10 years was 93%, 85% and 70%, respectively. Freedom from valve replacement at 1, 5 and 10 years was 96%, 91% and 87%, respectively. Regardless of the underlying pathology, valve-sparing David I procedure has acceptable long-term results. Valve-related complications such as stroke or major bleeding is exceedingly low.

  4. Long-term results after aortic valve-sparing operation (David I)†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Malakh; Baraki, Hassina; Maeding, Ilona; Fitzner, Sebastian; Sarikouch, Samir; Khaladj, Nawid; Hagl, Christian; Haverich, Axel

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Aortic valve-sparing David procedure has gained broad acceptance. However, few long-term results have been published. We present our results. METHODS More than 450 David procedures have been performed in our institution so far. Of these, 126 patients were operated between July 1993 and December 2000. Median age was 57 (8–83) years and 46 (36.5%) were female. As many as 26 (20.6%) had Marfan syndrome, 21 (16.7%) had acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) and 67 (53.2%) had additional procedures. RESULTS There were six (4.8%) deaths in 30 post-operative period (POD), four of whom had AADA. In the follow-up, there were 32 (25.4%) late deaths, 11 (34.4%) of these were caused by cardiac or underlying disease or op-related. As many as 15 (11.9%) patients were re-operated; six (40%) were Marfan patients and two (13.3%) had early endocarditis. Follow-up echocardiography of 76 (60.3%) event-free patients showed valve insufficiency (AI) ≤ AI I° in 68 (89.5%) and grade II in 7 (9.2%) patients. Leaflet degeneration due to proposed leaflet contact with the straight Dacron graft was not observed. A total of 36 (47.4%) patients were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I, 33 (43.4%) in NYHA II, and five (6.6%) were in class III. During the entire follow-up of 790 patient-years, there was no stroke or major bleeding. Survival at 1, 5 and 10 years was 93%, 85% and 70%, respectively. Freedom from valve replacement at 1, 5 and 10 years was 96%, 91% and 87%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the underlying pathology, valve-sparing David I procedure has acceptable long-term results. Valve-related complications such as stroke or major bleeding is exceedingly low. PMID:21632258

  5. Kamikaze Baby: David F. Benson o la nueva poesía de los Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Santos Molano

    1982-07-01

    Full Text Available Cuando leí por primera vez los poemas de "Kamilcaze Baby", supuse su autor a un veterano de la Segunda Guerra Mnudial, por la profunda madurez y la subyugante filosofía que los inspira. Una segunda lectura, más analítica, me hizo ver que el poeta de "Kamikaze Baby" debía pertenecer necesariamente a la generación post Viet-Nam. Enseguida me aclararon que David Benson apenas tiene veintitrés años, que nació en Mansfield, Ohio, y que no ha tomado parte en guerra alguna.

  6. Christopher R. Fee & David A. Leeming. Gods, Heroes, and Kings. The Battle for Mythic Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie ALATORRE

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A reassessment of British mythology has long been overdue, and Gods, Heroes and Kings is to be regarded as a stimulating contribution which helps to situate Anglo-Saxon tales in the mainstream of Medieval literature. Myths, pagan and Judeo-Christian beliefs, classical narratives: such vast material forms the backcloth Christopher F. Fee and David A. Leeming have undertaken to explore, thanks to an erudite comparative approach. Obviously, their book first aims at giving readers a new image of ...

  7. David Hume e as Paixões Indiretas na Sociedade em Rede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Porto

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende trazer à discussão a importância da Teoria das Paixões desenvolvida por David Hume como um horizonte interpretativo para as ações dos indivíduos conetados às redes sociais da Internet. Para tanto, este trabalho abordará inicialmente o que conhecemos por sociedade em rede e o importante papel desempenhado pela Internet nessa configuração social; em seguida, analisaremos como as paixões indiretas influenciam os indivíduos conectados à rede internacional de computadores

  8. Homeostasis and change: A commentary on Homeostatic Theory of Obesity by David Marks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiClemente, Carlo C; Delahanty, Janine

    2016-01-01

    This commentary on David Marks' article on the Homeostatic Theory of Obesity and his Circle of Discontent mechanism for maintaining problematic eating behavior and obesity offers a perspective on the promise and potential of this theory. At the same time, we challenge the author to incorporate more of a process perspective into the theory. This would include greater exploration of how individuals enter and exit this hypothesized Circle of Discontent, how these mechanisms lead to obesity rather than other internalizing or externalizing disorders, and how the interactions among key variables differ for males and females and developmental stages.

  9. Media(ting Textual Therapies in David Lodge’s Therapy and Deaf Sentence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Mihaela Necula

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available What the present article attempts at is mediating the image of a ‘discarnate man’ who inlays a discursive medium, itself a message. In so doing, it embarks upon two of David Lodge’s novels, Therapy (1995 and Deaf Sentence (2008 respectively as best implying and suggesting for a mode of survival: the exorcising writing act, manifest at the level of the text under the form of diary pages, letters or emails, seems to work as the best therapeutic treatment for depression (personal or textual, so that the poetics of the text is gradually traded for and replaced by the politics of the fictional game.

  10. Buhler, James. Neumeyer, David. Deemer, Rob. Hearing the Movies: Music and Sound in Film History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique Silveira

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available James Buhler et David Neumeyer sont certainement les auteurs les plus importants à publier sur l’analyse de la musique de film depuis les années quatre-vingt-dix aux Etats-Unis. Entre autres contributions, ils ont édité ensemble (avec Caryl Flinn Music and Cinema, un livre consacré aux différentes perspectives de l’étude de la musique de film. Tous les deux sont professeurs de théorie musicale à l’école de musique de l’université du Texas à Austin (Neumeyer étant aussi professeur à Leslie Wa...

  11. Science for life: a conversation with Nobel laureate David Baltimore. Interview by Barbara J Culliton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltimore, David

    2006-01-01

    As a man with equal interests in science and science policy, David Baltimore has been at the forefront of many of the important debates that have shaped science since the 1970s. Very much engaged in the initial discussions about the use of recombinant DNA technology, Baltimore had a front-row seat as the biotechnology industry developed. He was also a major player in the decision that resulted in funding of the Human Genome Project by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Baltimore discusses biotechnology, science education, and the need for a strong dialogue among scientists and scholars in the health policy community.

  12. Clássicos versus Keynes: a abordagem formal de David Champernowne

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudia Heller; Jaylson Jair da Silveira

    2012-01-01

    Este texto tem por objetivo ressaltar um aspecto que não tem sido tratado com a devida profundidade na literatura que estuda a formalização da Teoria Geral do Emprego, dos Juros e da Moeda de John Maynard Keynes (1936). Mais precisamente, o texto destaca a estratégia de formalização adotada por David G. Champernowne em seu artigo intitulado "Unemployment, Basic and Monetary: the classical analysis and the keynesian", publicado em 1935-36 na Review of Economic Studies. Chamamos a atenção para ...

  13. Sit Down with Sabin: David Schlegel: Hunting Dark Energy (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Russell, Sabin; Schlegel, David

    2011-06-22

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory physicist and dark energy hunter David Schlegel chats with Sabin Russell, former San Francisco Chronicle reporter turned Berkeley Lab science writer, June 22, 2011. Their conversation is the first installment of "Sit Down With Sabin," a weekly conversation hosted by Russell. Over the course of five conversations with Berkeley Lab staff this summer, Russell will explore the ups and downs of innovative science — all without the aid of PowerPoint slides. Brought to you by Berkeley Lab Public Affairs.

  14. David Sanders. A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiani G. Rapatzikou

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available David Sanders in his monograph entitled A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance (2011 sheds light on the dilemmas, doubts and personal conflicts Frost confronted while composing his poetic collection North of Boston in which some of his most well-known lyrics, such as “Mending Wall,” “After Apple-Picking,” and “The Wood-Pile,” are contained. This book should be considered alongside a number of other publications either in monograph or essay form that app...

  15. Best Practices Case Study: David Weekley Homes - Eagle Springs and Waterhaven, Houston, TX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2011-04-01

    Case study describing David Weekley Homes, Houston Division, has qualified more than 1,240 homes for the DOE Builders Challenge. Advanced framed 2x6 walls with open headers and two-stud corners allow more room for R-20 damp sprayed cellulose wall cavity insulation that is covered with R-5 rigid XPS foam. A radiant barrier cuts heat gain in the R-38 insulated vented attics. Draft stopping at fireplace and duct chases and behind tubs, gluing sheetrock to framing, and extensive caulking make for air-tight homes at 3.0 ACH50.

  16. Atomic processes and application in honour of David R. Bates' 60th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Burke, P G

    2013-01-01

    Atomic Processes and Applications is a collection of review articles that discusses major atomic and molecular processes and their applications to upper atmospheric physics and to astrophysics. The book also serves as a 60th birthday tribute to Dr. David R. Bates. The coverage of the text includes the overview of stratospheric aeronomy; upper atmosphere of the earth; and problems in atmospheric pollution. The book also deals with technical and highly specialized issues including photoionization of atomic systems; atomic structure and oscillator strengths; and atomic scattering computations. Th

  17. The wonder of their voices: The 1946 Holocaust interviews of David Boder (New York: Oxford, 2010).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Alan C

    2012-05-01

    Writing a study of psychologist David Boder's 1946 displaced persons (DP) interview project gave me a chance to further document the substantial early response to the Holocaust. This was clearly one important piece of my study, and one that was eminently straightforward. Yet much of the research on Boder's project at the point in time that I carried it out was elliptical, partly because the primary interview materials were coming to light at an astonishing pace, partly because the archive collections were virtually untapped, and partly because of the misconception of Boder and his interview project itself.

  18. Representations of Reductive Groups : in Honor of the 60th Birthday of David A. Vogan, Jr.

    CERN Document Server

    Trapa, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Over the last forty years, David Vogan has left an indelible imprint on the representation theory of reductive groups.  His groundbreaking ideas have lead to deep advances in the theory of real and p-adic groups, and have forged lasting connections with other subjects, including number theory, automorphic forms, algebraic geometry, and combinatorics. Representations of Reductive Groups is an outgrowth of the conference of the same name, dedicated to David Vogan on his 60th birthday, which took place at MIT on May 19-23, 2014.  This volume highlights the depth and breadth of Vogan's influence over the subjects mentioned above, and point to many exciting new directions that remain to be explored.  Notably, the first article by McGovern and Trapa offers an overview of Vogan's body of work, placing his ideas in a historical context. Contributors: Pramod N. Achar, Jeffrey D. Adams, Dan Barbasch, Manjul Bhargava, Cédric Bonnafé, Dan Ciubotaru, Meinolf Geck, William Graham, Benedict H. Gross, Xuhua He, Jing-Son...

  19. Corpses of Metaphor. Images of Death in David Leavitt and Jamaica Kincaid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiorenzo Iuliano

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes two works, My Brother by Jamaica Kincaid, and "Saturn Street" by David Leavitt, investigating the construction of homosexuality as a process accomplished by resorting to illness (AIDS and death. In both works, indeed, the slow and dramatic course of AIDS amounts to the progressive unveiling of homosexuality as a social threat or a cause of anxiety and repulsion. The two works are set in different contexts: whereas Jamaica Kincaid refers to the problematic situation of homosexuality in the Caribbean, David Leavitt explores the social and cultural scenario of the 1990s Los Angeles, in the wake of a by now ended utopian confidence in science and technology.  This comparative approach helps us understand the political dynamics through which, in different and, to some extents, opposite realities, the social stigma of AIDS worked as a means to construct homosexual identity and set it apart from the sanitized spectrum of normal and sanctioned sexual behaviors. The point I want to make in this essay is that the corpse is used as an effective metaphor for a dehumanized depiction of male homosexual and ill subjects.

  20. The institution of science and the science of institutions the legacy of Joseph Ben-David

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    The present anthology, edited by Marcel Herbst, is partially based on a conference, held in 2009, to reflect on the legacy of Ben-David, and contains a selection of substantially revised papers, plus four contributions specifically written for this volume. The book focuses on three major lines of Ben-David’s research, namely “Center and Periphery” (Part I), “Role and Ethos” (Part II), and “Organization and Growth” (Part III). In addition, comprehensive introductory (“Prologue”) and concluding chapters (“Epilogue”, Part IV) by Marcel Herbst are provided. The volume addresses the following disciplines: higher education, history and sociology of science, philosophy of science, history of medicine, public administration, policy studies, Jewish studies, and economics. The anthology is one of two new publications on Joseph Ben-David after the special Minerva edition Vol. 25, Numbers 1–2, March 1987, and Gad Freudenthal’s collection of Ben-David’s writings [1991]. The text can be used i...

  1. Material characterization of the clay bonded silicon carbide candle filters and ash formations in the W-APF system after 500 hours of hot gas filtration at AEP. Appendix to Advanced Particle Filter: Technical progress report No. 11, January--March 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvin, M.A.

    1993-04-05

    (1) After 500 hours of operation in the pressurized fluidized-bed combustion gas environment, the fibrous outer membrane along the clay bonded silicon carbide Schumacher Dia Schumalith candles remained intact. The fibrous outer membrane did not permit penetration of fines through the filter wall. (2) An approximate 10-15% loss of material strength occurred within the intact candle clay bonded silicon carbide matrix after 500 hours of exposure to the PFBC gas environment. A relatively uniform strength change resulted within the intact candles throughout the vessel (i.e., top to bottom plenums), as well as within the various cluster ring positions (i.e., outer versus inner ring candle filters). A somewhat higher loss of material strength, i.e., 25% was detected in fractured candle segments removed from the W-APF ash hopper. (3) Sulfur which is present in the pressurized fluidized-bed combustion gas system induced phase changes along the surface of the binder which coats the silicon carbide grains in the Schumacher Dia Schumalith candle filter matrix.

  2. Selective CO2 Capture and High Proton Conductivity of a Functional Star-of-David Catenane Metal-Organic Framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, You-Gui; Wu, Shu-Qi; Deng, Wei-Hua; Xu, Gang; Hu, Fa-Lu; Hill, Jonathan P; Wei, Wei; Su, Sheng-Qun; Shrestha, Lok Kumar; Sato, Osamu; Wu, Ming-Yan; Hong, Mao-Chun; Ariga, Katsuhiko

    2017-11-01

    Network structures based on Star-of-David catenanes with multiple superior functionalities have been so far elusive, although numerous topologically interesting networks are synthesized. Here, a metal-organic framework featuring fused Star-of-David catenanes is reported. Two triangular metallacycles with opposite handedness are triply intertwined forming a Star-of-David catenane. Each catenane fuses with its six neighbors to generate a porous twofold intercatenated gyroid framework. The compound possesses exceptional stability and exhibits multiple functionalities including highly selective CO 2 capture, high proton conductivity, and coexistence of slow magnetic relaxation and long-range ordering. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. EDITORIAL: Van der Waals interactions in advanced materials, in memory of David C Langreth Van der Waals interactions in advanced materials, in memory of David C Langreth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyldgaard, Per; Rahman, Talat S.

    2012-10-01

    sufficiently close to any corrugated—and/or any smooth—surface and thus enforce a strong vdW-type adhesion; it exploits what is then essentially a contact force (dominated by the attraction exerted in the near-surface regions) to defy the pull of gravity on its own bulk. This Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter special issue is dedicated to the memory of David C Langreth. David is a dearly missed friend and mentor who inspired many of us. He was an outstanding condensed matter theorist and a scholar who greatly influenced us through his many-particle-physics based insights into density functional theory (DFT), surface science and related areas. His seminal works range from conserving formulations of interacting nonequilibrium transport [1] and formal-scattering theory [2] to an explicit formulation [3] of the exact DFT exchange-correlation energy in the adiabatic connection formula (ACF), the latter also being derived independently by Gunnarsson and Lundqvist [4]. David's portfolio also includes an analysis [5] that helped catalyze and guide the development of DFT from the local-density approximation (LDA) to the formulations of generalized gradient approximations (GGAs). Another salient contribution of David's is in the area of vdW interactions in materials. He was a key architect of the vdW density functional (vdW-DF) method [6, 7]. This method was developed in a long-standing Rutgers-Chalmers collaboration between David's group and that of Bengt I Lundqvist, later extending to a wider group of researchers on both sides of the Atlantic. Plasmons are collective excitations that depend on electron-density variation. The plasmon response can be seen as defining the nature of the LDA [4] and their description can thus also be seen as contributing to the success of GGA. The vdW-DF method is a regular constraint-based density functional (for ground-state DFT) which is derived within the ACF framework and which emphasizes the electrodynamical nature of the coupling between

  4. Capitalismo, cidade e política na perspectiva de David Harvey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Santana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O texto discute alguns eixos conceituais relevantes para a compreensão da obra de David Harvey, concentrando-se especificamente nas formulações do autor acerca da ideia de rearranjo espacial (spatial fix, de novo imperialismo (new imperialism e de acumulação mediante despossessão (acumulation by dispossession. Objetiva-se lidar também com o que se seriam os componentes da teoria critica de Harvey. Além disso, apresenta-se como tais ideias e formulações não podem ser plenamente entendidas sem o seu enraizamento nas reflexões do autor acerca das cidades.

  5. David Hume e as finanças de James I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROGERIO ARTHMAR

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo examina a análise de David Hume realizada em seu livro História da Inglaterra, da luta entre o parlamento e o rei James I sobre as finanças da coroa durante o primeiro trimestre do século XVII. Inicialmente, são apresentados os principais elementos políticos por trás da briga no coração do poder político da Inglaterra, seguidos por comentários do escritor escocês sobre as finanças reais, com ênfase nos seus pontos de vista sobre as receitas e despesas da Coroa durante o reinado de James I. No final são recuperados os fatores de longo prazo elencados como determinantes da nova postura parlamentar.

  6. Rigoulet-Roze David, Géopolitique de l’Arabie Saoudite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Bonnefoy

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Depuis quelques années, l’Arabie Saoudite suscite un intérêt grandissant de la part des chercheurs et des experts occidentaux. Rares sont néanmoins les écrits qui à l’information collectée sur le terrain allient une démarche rigoureusement construite. C’est à juste titre que David Rigoulet-Roze rappelle dans son introduction la nécessité de dépasser les « lieux communs » et d’adopter « une perspective véritablement géopolitique, avec les outils et la méthode » (p. 8 que cela implique. Il est...

  7. The reconstitution of political theory: David Easton, behavioralism, and the long road to system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnell, John G

    2013-01-01

    During the last half of the twentieth century, the concept of system was arguably the most important concept in the theoretical repertoire of the discipline of American political science. Although systems analysis was broadly employed in the behavioral sciences, David Easton's work was particularly influential in the study of politics. This is in part because he attempted to develop a distinct account of the political system that was not theoretically subservient either to general systems theory or to conceptions of the social system such as that advanced by Talcott Parsons. Although a great deal of attention has been devoted to Easton's theory, the origins and evolution of the system concept in his work have not been carefully reconstructed and analyzed. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Work plan for the radiological survey for the David Witherspoon, Incorporated, Landfill-1630 site, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This work plan establishes the methods and requirements for performing a radiological survey at the David Witherspoon, Incorporated, Landfill-1630 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee (DWI 1630 Site) in accordance with requirements under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). The radiological survey will identify the radiological contamination level of the equipment and debris stored at the DWI 1630 Site. The data generated from the survey activities will support the decisions for characterization of the equipment/debris and aid in subsequent disposition and waste handling. The survey activities to be performed under this work plan include an equipment radiological survey, a walkover survey, and an immunoassay testing for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This work plan includes a quality assurance (QA)/quality control (QC) project plan, a health and safety (H&S) plan, and a waste management plan.

  9. Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-10-01

    This remedial investigation (RI)/feasibility study (FS) supports the selection of remedial actions for the David Witherspoon, Inc. 901 Maryville Pike Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. Operations at the site, used as a recycling center, have resulted in past, present, and potential future releases of hazardous substances in to the environment. This Site is a Tennessee Superfund site. A phased approach was planned to (1) gather existing data from previous investigations managed by the Tenn. Dept. of Environment and Conservation; (2) perform a preliminary RI, including risk assessments, and an FS with existing data to identify areas where remedial action may be necessary; (3) gather additional field data to adequately define the nature and extent of risk-based contaminants that present identifiable threats to human and/or ecological receptors; and (4) develop remedial action alternatives to reduce risks to acceptable levels

  10. Commentary on "Asynchronous Preparation of Tonally Fused Intervals in Polyphonic Music" by David Huron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Wright

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In his most recent contribution to an important and well-framed series of papers on auditory grouping and the perception of polyphonic music, David Huron seeks further evidence for his working hypothesis that J.S. Bach controls the employment of perfect consonances by desynchronizing their onsets, thereby inhibiting the perceptual fusion of polyphonic voices. However the more novel contribution of the present study would seem to be its demonstration that Bach also regulates the employment of dissonant tones by consistently desynchronizing their onsets. This finding provides the first concrete evidence for Wright and Bregman’s otherwise untested hypothesis that the control and salience of dissonance in polyphonic music are closely related to principles of auditory stream segregation (Wright, 1986; Wright & Bregman, 1987.

  11. David M. Lubin. Shooting Kennedy : JFK and the Culture of Images.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Brunet

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Voici un livre décapant, décoiffant et déroutant, qui a d’ores et déjà fait pas mal de bruit outre-Atlantique. Son auteur, David Lubin, enseigne l’histoire de l’art à Wake Forest (Caroline du Nord, et il était déjà connu des américanistes comme l’auteur de Picturing a Nation : Art and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century America (1994. Dans ce dernier livre, comme dans Titanic (1999, Lubin se montrait un historien de l’art novateur, voire iconoclaste, en organisant la confrontation des genr...

  12. The Dehumanizing American Dream in David Mamet’s Glengarry Glen Ross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Sepehrmanesh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The American Dream is a recurrent theme in American literature. In this response, this paper is an attempt to expose the destructive effects of the dream on the human spirit. It is also shown, through the analysis of David Mamet’s glengarry Glen Ross, that despite the promise of the dream it contains many contradictions. Beneath the seeming simple surface of the play lies a deep current of meanings that reflect the calamities of modern American life, and in a broader sense, the modern world. This article indicates how capitalism inculcates ideologies in the mind of individuals in order to facilitate the exploiting process and unquestioning subordination. Ragged individualism, for instance, as  the most prominent of these ideologies, disrupts all communal bonds and even exceeds to the disintegration of friendship and family life.

  13. From nuclear submarines to graduate medical education: applying David Marquet's intent-based leadership model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Salvador, Camilo; Oney, Rebecca; Song, Sungjin A; Camacho, Macario

    2017-10-11

    L. David Marquet, a decorated Navy Captain, transformed an underperforming submarine crew by empowering his subordinates to be leaders and reach their full potential. He called this intent-based leadership (IBL). What would happen if Marquet's model were implemented in Graduate Medical Education (GME)?In this letter to the editor, we summarize the potential of the IBL model in graduate medical education as opposed to the traditional leader-follower method. IBL harnesses human productivity toward the shared goals of GME, which are patient care and trainee learning. This shift in mindset could lead both teachers and trainees to focus more on the real reason that we undertake GME and change behaviors for the better. We suggest that IBL can and should be adopted in GME and propose that both patients and providers will benefit from this action.

  14. Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    This remedial investigation (RI)/feasibility study (FS) supports the selection of remedial actions for the David Witherspoon, Inc. 901 Maryville Pike Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. Operations at the site, used as a recycling center, have resulted in past, present, and potential future releases of hazardous substances in to the environment. This Site is a Tennessee Superfund site. A phased approach was planned to (1) gather existing data from previous investigations managed by the Tenn. Dept. of Environment and Conservation; (2) perform a preliminary RI, including risk assessments, and an FS with existing data to identify areas where remedial action may be necessary; (3) gather additional field data to adequately define the nature and extent of risk-based contaminants that present identifiable threats to human and/or ecological receptors; and (4) develop remedial action alternatives to reduce risks to acceptable levels.

  15. Modeling Instruction of David Hestenes: a proposal of thematic modeling cycle and discussion of scientific literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ednilson Sergio Ramalho de Souza

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The pedagogical work with mathematical modeling assumes investigate situations of reality. However, mental models formed from the contact with the experiential world are generally incompatible with the conceptual models. So David Hestenes supports the view that one of the biggest challenges of teaching and learning in science and mathematics is to coordinate conceptual models with mental models, which led to the elaboration of a didactic in mathematical modeling: Modeling Instruction. Our goal is to present a proposal for thematic modeling cycle drawn up in hestenesianos assumptions and discuss possibilities for scientific literacy. The main question was to know how to emerge indicators for scientific literacy for the proposed cycle. This is a bibliographic research in order to identify the available literature contributions on the subject and raise the possibility and challenges for the brazilian teaching science and mathematics. Preliminary results indicate that the proposed modeling cycle can develop indicators for scientific literacy of different natures.

  16. David Hartley's views on Madness: With an introduction by GE Berrios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrios, G E

    2015-03-01

    The psychiatric aspects of David Hartley's writings have received less attention than the rest of his work. This Classic Text deals with Section VI of his Observations on Man …, namely, the 'Imperfections of the rational Faculty'. Hartley defines madness as an imperfection of reason that can be temporary or enduring. He makes use of his model of mental functioning to differentiate between eight clinical categories of madness, each representing a different pattern of vibrations of the nerves. Hartley developed this model based on Newton's theory of vibrations and, to explain the complexity of mental acts and entities, he combined it with his own version of the mechanism of Association of Ideas borrowed from John Locke. Much work needs to be done to identify the provenance of Hartley's nosology and nosography. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. Calculating degree-based topological indices of dominating David derived networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Muhammad Saeed; Nazeer, Waqas; Kang, Shin Min; Imran, Muhammad; Gao, Wei

    2017-12-01

    An important area of applied mathematics is the Chemical reaction network theory. The behavior of real world problems can be modeled by using this theory. Due to applications in theoretical chemistry and biochemistry, it has attracted researchers since its foundation. It also attracts pure mathematicians because it involves interesting mathematical structures. In this report, we compute newly defined topological indices, namely, Arithmetic-Geometric index (AG1 index), SK index, SK1 index, and SK2 index of the dominating David derived networks [type="bibr" rid="j_phys-2017-0126_ref_001">1, type="bibr" rid="j_phys-2017-0126_ref_002">2, type="bibr" rid="j_phys-2017-0126_ref_003">3, type="bibr" rid="j_phys-2017-0126_ref_004">4, type="bibr" rid="j_phys-2017-0126_ref_005">5].

  18. Fairness and Respect in Obesity Prevention Policies: A Response to David Buchanan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine King

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In his response to our article (1,2, David Buchanan introduces some useful and important distinctions in the concepts of equality and autonomy. He highlights, for example, the distinction between inequality and inequity, which captures the insight that not all differences between people are unjust. Unjust inequalities are a subset of differences between people, and theories of justice can be defined by how they determine which of these differences are unjust. In addition, he points out that autonomy is not simply a matter of negative liberty, but also about a positive capacity to act. This understanding of autonomy is consistent with the account we offered in the paper, which underlines the importance of both the capacity to understand available options, and the capacity to act on the choices that one makes.

  19. Hacking the aesthetic: David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's new ecologies of signal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Murphie

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Award winning Australian electronic artists David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's installation work is discussed as “signal-work.” Their work reconfigures signal within original assemblages involving subtle audio, high resolution video (both recorded and animated, kilometers of coiled copper wire, antennae or home-built electronics, electrostatic disturbances, the like of very low frequency radiation from the Milky Way, and cross-signal processing. The article develops a context for thinking about the work in terms of Whitehead's process philosophy, as this is relevant to media theory, as well as concepts of plural ecology and ongoing differentiation drawn from Bateson and Guattari. Signal processing is seen as key to all this. The article argues that in Hinterding and Haines’ signal-work new sensations are produced, outside of the normal “syntax” of some models of aesthetic experience. This challenges some aspects of thinking about both aesthetics and political ecology.

  20. Le tâtonnement dans Reader’s Block (1996) de David Markson

    OpenAIRE

    Duplay, Mathieu

    2013-01-01

    Roman de l’ombre, Reader’s Block de David Markson raconte entre autres choses l’effacement de la subjectivité, réduite à presque rien dans un monde gagné par les ténèbres où l’écriture même, faute de lumière, devient peu à peu indéchiffrable. Ainsi, le blocage de la lecture qu’évoque le titre traduit moins une crise herméneutique qu’il ne résulte d’une incapacité physique, de la perte de contact avec l’écrit dans sa dimension matérielle, comme le rappellent aussi les allusions fréquentes à la...

  1. M-Polynomials and Topological Indices of Dominating David Derived Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang Shin Min

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a strong relationship between the chemical characteristics of chemical compounds and their molecular structures. Topological indices are numerical values associated with the chemical molecular graphs that help to understand the physical features, chemical reactivity, and biological activity of chemical compound. Thus, the study of the topological indices is important. M-polynomial helps to recover many degree-based topological indices for example Zagreb indices, Randic index, symmetric division idex, inverse sum index etc. In this article we compute M-polynomials of dominating David derived networks of the first type, second type and third type of dimension n and find some topological properties by using these M-polynomials. The results are plotted using Maple to see the dependence of topological indices on the involved parameters.

  2. David Mitrany and South-East Europe: The Balkan Key to World Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucian M. Ashworth

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Today David Mitrany is best known for his work on international functionalism, which influenced the development of European integration and the organisation of United Nations specialised agencies. What is often ignored in the West is his work on South-East Europe. During the inter-war period Mitrany studied both the operation of war government and the subsequent peasant revolution in the Balkans. War government demonstrated that political organisation could bridge the gap between social action and private property, while the peasant social revolution showed that the abstract economics associated with both capitalist and Marxist economics was not applicable outside of urban industrial production. It was through his studies of South-East Europe that Mitrany drew many of the lessons and concepts that were to form the foundations of his international theory.

  3. Repeating ice-earthquakes beneath David Glacier from the 2012-2015 TAMNNET array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, J. I.; Peng, Z.; Hansen, S. E.

    2017-12-01

    The continent of Antarctica has approximately the same surface area as the continental United States, though we know significantly less about its underlying geology and seismic activity. In recent years, improvements in seismic instrumentation, battery technology, and field deployment practices have allowed for continuous broadband stations throughout the dark Antarctic winter. We utilize broadband seismic data from a recent experiment (TAMNNET), which was originally proposed as a structural seismology experiment, for seismic event detection. Our target is to address fundamental questions about regional-scale crustal and environmental seismicity in the study region that comprises the Transantarctic Mountain area of Victoria and Oates Land. We identify most seismicity emanating from David Glacier, upstream of the Drygalski Ice Tongue, which has been documented by several other studies. In order to improve the catalog completeness for the David Glacier area, we utilize a matched-filter technique to identify potential missing earthquakes that may not have been originally detected. This technique utilizes existing cataloged waveforms as templates to scan through continuous data and to identify repeating or nearby earthquakes. With a more robust catalog, we evaluate relative changes in icequake positions, recurrence intervals, and other first-order information. In addition, we attempt to further refine locations of other regional seismicity using a variety of methods including body and surface wave polarization, beamforming, surface wave dispersion, and other seismological methods. This project highlights the usefulness of archiving raw datasets (i.e., passive seismic continuous data), so that researchers may apply new algorithms or techniques to test hypotheses not originally or specifically targeted by the original experimental design.

  4. David Roberts en Córdoba. Vistas de paisaje y arquitectura hacia 1833

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gámiz Gordo, Antonio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available David Roberts' views of Córdoba were carried out in 1833 and later redrafted as lithographs, engravings, and oils. These artworks enjoyed great commercial success and international diffusion due to their thematic and undoubted artistic value. The authors analyze their documentary value as a graphic record -prior to the advent of photography- of the urban landscape and architecture of Cordoba, a city now denominated a World Heritage Site. These images are studied here for the first time as a group, since they are either virtually untraceable or dispersed in museums throughout the world. In addition, these views have been contextualized with information concerning the artist and his Spanish journey, including a letter that he wrote from Córdoba. The documentary reliability of every image is also assessed, while the significant transformations of the places represented are indicated.Las vistas realizadas en Córdoba por David Roberts en 1833, reelaboradas como litografías, grabados y óleos, han gozado de gran éxito comercial y difusión internacional por su temática e indudable interés artístico. Esta investigación profundiza en su valor documental como registros gráficos previos a la aparición de la fotografía, del paisaje y la arquitectura de una ciudad hoy considerada Patrimonio de la Humanidad. Las imágenes presentadas se analizan por primera vez como conjunto, pues algunas son de difícil localización o están dispersas en museos de todo el mundo, y se contextualizan con datos sobre el pintor y su viaje por España, considerando una carta que éste escribió desde Córdoba. También se valora la fiabilidad documental de cada vista, a la vez que se detectan significativas transformaciones de los lugares representados.

  5. Standardization and evaluation of the CAMP reaction for the prompt, presumptive identification of Streptococcus agalactiae (Lancefield group B) in clinical material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, C L

    1975-02-01

    Primary cultures of clinical material were screened for the presence of colonies suspected of being Streptococcus agalactiae (Lancefield group B). Sixty-three such cultures and 108 other isolates of beta-hemolytic streptococci (groups A, C, and G), encountered during the first 3 months of the investigation, were studied by Lancefield grouping, sodium hippurate hydrolysis, and a standardized CAMP test. All streptococci were inoculated perpendicularly to streaks of a beta-toxin-producing staphylococcus on sheep blood agar plates and incubated aerobically in a candle jar and anaerobically at 37 C. Plates were examined after 5 to 6 and 18 h of incubation. The production of a distinct "arrowhead" of hemolysis was indicative of a positive CAMP reaction. All group B streptococci produced a positive CAMP reaction in the candle jar or anaerobically, usually within 5 to 6 h, and aerobically after 18 h of incubation. All group A streptococci produced a positive reaction only under anaerobic conditions. Groups C and G streptococci were negative under all atmospheres. The CAMP reaction is a prompt and reliable procedure for the presumptive identification of group B streptococci when a candle jar atmosphere is used during incubation.

  6. "And This Is How You Shall Ask": Linguistics, Anthropology, and Education in the Work of David Smith

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmore, Perry; McDermott, Ray

    2006-01-01

    This article celebrates the life and work of David M. Smith, former Council on Anthropology and Education president and founder of the University of Pennsylvania Ethnography in Education Research Forum, tracing his contributions to the fields of linguistics, anthropology, and education through the dual lens of his ten research principles and Walt…

  7. Theorising "Geo-Identity" and David Harvey's Space: School Choices of the Geographically Bound Middle-Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Emma

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws on David Harvey's theories of absolute and relational space in order to critique geographically bound school choices of the gentrified middle-class in the City of Melbourne, Australia. The paper relies on interviews with inner-city school choosers as generated by a longitudinal ethnographic school choice study. I argue that the…

  8. Religious Literacy or Spiritual Awareness? Comparative Critique of Andrew Wright's and David Hay's Approaches to Spiritual Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filipsone, Anta

    2009-01-01

    On the basis of a comparison of the educational approaches of Andrew Wright and David Hay this paper illustrates the persisting problem of dichotomising cognitive and trans-cognitive aspects of spiritual development and education. Even though both Wright and Hay speak of the same topic--spirituality and spiritual education--they define these terms…

  9. ‘A Wistful Dream of Far-Off Californian Glamour’: David Sylvester and the British View of American Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Finch

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available David Sylvester’s criticism from the 1950s and 1960s combined enthusiasm for the vitality of new American art with ambivalence about its influence on British artists. This essay investigates Sylvester’s complex attitude towards American art through his writing, broadcasting and artist interviews.

  10. Preserving Precious Instruments in Mathematics History: The Educational Museum of Teachers College and David Eugene Smith's Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Diane R.

    2011-01-01

    A history is given of the Educational Museum of Teachers College, which began in 1886, and David Eugene Smith's extensive collection of mathematical tools used in the Museum's exhibits is discussed. Historic mathematical instruments including, the astrolabe, abacus and counting rods, and the slide rule are examined. The author uses digitized…

  11. Unfulfilled Potential: The Adult Careers of Former Musical Prodigies Ervin Nyiregyhazi, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, and David Helfgott

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Jae Yup

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the careers of three former musical prodigies (i.e., Ervin Nyiregyhazi, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, and David Helfgott) who made mature decisions to pursue music as a career, but did not achieve at the expected levels of distinction as adults. Many of the individual factors that may contribute to their relative lack of adult…

  12. Los actos tienen consecuencias. Lógicas del mind-game film en la trilogía de Los Ángeles de David Lynch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, T.

    2013-01-01

    Actions Do Have Consequences. Logics of the Mind-Game Film in David Lynch’s Los Angeles-Trilogy. David Lynch is a director, along with other auteurs, notably Michael Haneke and Lars von Trier, whose authorial identity and creative authority —and the challenges these encounter in the 21st century—

  13. «Always the photography astonishes me»: David Bowie, between myth and visual culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Olivares

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The recent death of David Bowie activated a memorial process which incites to retrace the cultural, social, aesthetic, of costume, fashion and art history of the last forty years. It’s impossible, therefore, not reflect on the mechanisms that led to the creation of he who in the collective imaginary is reductive to consider just a symbol of modern rock.Several books, prestigious magazines and important exhibitions devoted space to the infinite nuances of he who is defined not only icon but also idol, star, legend and myth. These terms have subtle interferences between them as Jean Jacques Wunenburger underlined and all refer to the concept of Mythology. Even if many authors stated the “disappearance of the myth” in the postmodern epoch (Jewett and Lawrence, the myth is one of those phenomena which involves the everyday life, also in the contemporary time.Certainly the ever closer relations between art, mass media and advertisement played a decisive role in restructuring the concept of myth, but didn’t essentially change its meaning. Actually, the mass reproducibility of images, instead of provoking the “fall of aura”, as stated by Walter Benjamin, seems to have increased the "sacred" magnetism of the images.The icon David Bowie is the result of a multifaceted and outstanding personality which involved and influenced every possible contemporary language - fashion, music, theatre, film, performance, video and more recently internet. As always the photographic gaze captured and crystallized over time the different visions making them eternal and “biting” in the meaning which Barthes clarified in his famous book.The intense collaboration with “the man who photographed the Seventies”, the English Mick Rock, produced images intended to write an important piece of the history of contemporary photography. Ziggy Stardust, the character masterfully interpreted and documented by Mick Rock, is the symbol of Bowie’s fascinating ability

  14. The Application of Cost/Benefit Analysis in the Development of Voluntary Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-01

    standards emerge. ( Deming , 1985, p. 5 2 ) The question this raises is precisely the focus of the study. Whether the voluntary standards concept as it now...1970. Deming , W. Edwards, "Loss from Failure of US Industry to Have More Voluntary Standards," Standards Engineering, v. 37, number 3, May/June 1985... Willian Ritchie,II Sundstrand Corp. United Airlines M. Craig Beard Roger D. Schaufele Federal Aviation Administration Douglas Aircraft Co. David R

  15. David Stafford-Clark (1916-1999): Seeing through a celebrity psychiatrist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Gavin

    2017-01-01

    This article uses the mass-media career of the British psychiatrist David Stafford-Clark (1916-1999) as a case study in the exercise of cultural authority by celebrity medical professionals in post-war Britain. Stafford-Clark rose to prominence in the mass media, particularly through his presenting work on medical and related topics for BBC TV and Radio, and was in the vanguard of psychiatrists and physicians who eroded professional edicts on anonymity. At the height of his career, he traded upon his celebrity status, and consequent cultural authority, to deliver mass media sermons on a variety of social, cultural, and political topics. Stafford-Clark tried to preserve his sense of personal and intellectual integrity by clinging to a belief that his authority in the public sphere was ultimately to be vindicated by his literary, intellectual, and spiritual significance. But as his credibility dwindled, he came to distrust the cultural intermediaries, such as broadcasters and publishers, who had supported him. PMID:28503668

  16. David J. Triggle: Medicinal chemistry, to pharmacology, calcium channels, and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Michael J A

    2015-11-15

    David Triggle's scientific career began as a chemist, went through medicinal chemistry into pharmacology, and finally on to somewhat more philosophical interests in later years. It was a career marked by many contributions to all of those aspects of science. Chief amongst his many contributions, in addition to those in medicinal chemistry, was his work on the drugs known as calcium ion channel blockers or (calcium antagonists). In the calcium ion channel field he was a particularly instrumental figure in sorting out the mechanisms, actions and roles of the class of calcium channel blockers, known chemical and pharmacologically as the dihydropyridines (DHPs) in particular, as well as other calcium blockers of diverse structures. During the course of a long career, and extensive journeys into medicinal chemistry and pharmacology, he published voluminously in terms of papers, reviews, conference proceedings and books. Notably, many of his papers often had limited authorship where, as senior author it reflected his deep involvement in all aspects of the reported work. His work always helped clarify the field while his incisive reviews, together with his role in coordinating and running scientific meetings, were a great help in clarifying and organizing various fields of study. He has had a long and illustrious career, and is wellknown in the world of biomedical science; his contributions are appreciated, and well recognized everywhere. The following article attempts to chart a path through his work and contributions to medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, science, academia and students. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Clássicos versus Keynes: a abordagem formal de David Champernowne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Heller

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este texto tem por objetivo ressaltar um aspecto que não tem sido tratado com a devida profundidade na literatura que estuda a formalização da Teoria Geral do Emprego, dos Juros e da Moeda de John Maynard Keynes (1936. Mais precisamente, o texto destaca a estratégia de formalização adotada por David G. Champernowne em seu artigo intitulado "Unemployment, Basic and Monetary: the classical analysis and the keynesian", publicado em 1935-36 na Review of Economic Studies. Chamamos a atenção para o fato dele distinguir a teoria clássica da teoria de Keynes não apenas pelos pressupostos adotados por cada teoria, mas principalmente pela construção de subsistemas a partir de um sistema geral, com características recursivas (relações de causalidade distintas. As explicações "em prosa", a descrição algébrica das funções comportamentais e condições de equilíbrio e a ilustração por meio de diagramas, além da escolha de conjuntos específicos de variáveis para representar cada uma das teorias e suas diferentes versões são aspectos deste artigo de Champernowne que merecem uma análise mais minuciosa.

  18. David Matza: perspectiva criminológica de la deriva a la delincuencia juvenil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Huertas Díaz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de la delincuencia juvenil es un tema que aún en la actualidad sigue generando polémica; las líneas de investigación enfocan su esfuerzo en la búsqueda de las razones por las cuales un menor entra en el mundo delincuencial. Sin embargo, omiten la existencia de autores que dedicaron sus estudios a dar respuesta a tal cuestión. Un autor clave en el estudio del fenómeno delincuencial es el sociólogo estadounidense David Matza, pionero en las teorías de carácter social que pretenden dar respuestas a las incógnitas planteadas dentro de la temática juvenil; el presente artículo se enfocará en el análisis y reflexión de los principales postulados de su teoría de las subculturas delincuenciales, por medio de una perspectiva basada en la interacción, lo cual nos mostrará que es una subcultura a la par de la cultura convencional, con miembros que no distan de aquellos jóvenes que son considerados normales por la mayoría de la sociedad. Así se explica por qué algunos jóvenes se aproximan al quebrantamiento de la ley.

  19. [Lessons learned from Magen David Adom's activities during the 2nd Lebanon War].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafalowski, Chaim; Peleg, Kobi; Bin, Eli

    2010-07-01

    The activities of Magen David Adom (MDA) during the 2nd Lebanese War led to a series of conclusions (some established during the fighting) regarding the operational concept of the organization, the response to the needs of the team members, and the resource requirements. The fighting led to an update in the operational concept, moving to the smaller based operational unit--the station, creating a flexible concept, enabling response to various simultaneous scenes, quickly generating a common situational awareness, and relocation of resources to the more relevant events. TechnoLogy must support the operational concept. The response to stress-related victims should be part of the operational concept during conflict. Debriefing and learning processes are part of the response and enable adaptation to the changing reality. A comprehensive response to the needs of the team members is required, by relocation of family members, meeting the daily needs and preventing stress-related reactions among them. A rotation of leave of absence, central management of human resources and the management of volunteers--spontaneous and those who return to active work, are other components of this issue. The required resources--personal protective equipment, collective protection, command control and communications equipment, the supplies level and the different vehicles required for the operation, are important issues in the operational program of the organization. Collecting blood, maintaining a strategic stockpile and protecting the units, are all part of MDA missions.

  20. Theory of Money of David Ricardo: Quantity Theory and Theory of Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susumu Takenaga

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En lo que es necesario enfatizar, al caracterizar la teoría cuantitativa de David Ricardo, es en que ésta es una teoría de determinación del valor del dinero en una situación particular en la cual se impide que el dinero, sin importar cual sea su forma, entre y salga libremente de la circulación. Para Ricardo, la regulación del valor del dinero por su cantidad es un caso particular en el cual el ajuste del precio de mercado al precio natural requiere un largo periodo de tiempo. La determinación cuantitativa es completamente inadmisible, pero solo cuando el período de observación es más corto que el de ajuste. En todo caso, la determinación del valor del dinero rara vez es vinculada a su teoría del valor de las mercancías. Contrario a la interpretación aceptada comúnmente, Ricardo no aplicó a la determinación del valor del dinero una teoría del valor distinta de aquélla aplicada a las mercancías en general.

  1. El enigma de las montañas reales: propuesta narrativa de David Toscana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwona Kasperska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to reflect on some features of David Toscana’s novel Los puentes de Königsberg. In this contribution by the Northern Mexican writer there are unusual parallelisms between different realities of the cities of Monterrey (Mexico and Königsberg (East Prussia, which become the basis of the structure of the novel. In this framework the author situates certain eccentric characters, providing them with a “double life”, a real Mexican one and an imaginary East-Prussian one, in order to contrast the cities and validate the superiority of Königsberg, the actual protagonist of the novel. Toscana uses selected criteria, such as scientific and cultural contributions by the cities, their different historical fates, and the moral attitudes of their inhabitants towards discrimination, war crimes and gender violence, which implies a severe critique of Monterrey’s society. The set of parallelisms between the cities is totally convincing as a fictional structure and emphasizes the most prominent quality of Toscana’s analysed prose.

  2. Review: David Lohmann (2003. Das Bielefelder Diakonie-Management-Modell [The Bielefeld Deaconry Management Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Rausch

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In six chapters, David LOHMANN makes suggestions for theological-ethical deaconry management, including a consideration of economic necessities. Through a qualitative comparison of documented sources, the author generates a theory of theological-ethical enterprise management. Following that, the author considers the theology of the deaconry in the context of TILLICH's model of believed realism and WICHERN’s theological concept of the inner mission. At the center of the examination lies a formulation of a cybernetic theory of deaconry theology. Of the available management models, the author favours the St. Galler model as the basic model of deaconry enterprise management. In doing so, the author lays out theological ground rules for the normative, strategic and operational levels of deaconry. In attempting to formulate this prospective deaconry management model through the consideration of the work of the two 20th century theologians and his own personal experience, the current needs and knowledge-base of specific deaconries are not considered. A systematic consideration of quantitative social research would have been a worthwhile supplement. In conclusion, the analysis develops a management model for deaconry enterprises that emphasizes the interdisciplinary aspects of theology and business economics. The book confirms the competitive value of a management model attuned to the theological and economic aspects of a deaconry. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0601356

  3. KONTROVERSI HUKUMAN MATI ANALISIS WACANA SASTRA KRITIS THE LIFE OF DAVID GALE FILM PERSPEKTIF SOCIOCULTURAL PRACTICE NORMAN FAIRCLOUGH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd Ghofur

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is written in order to explain and to explore the hidden message contained in The Life of David Gale film, it is also to find out the reasons of the figures of Clearance and David Gale who deliberately sacrifice themselves [commit suicide] for an ideology that was fought by them, as well as try to uncover the ideology of the ruler who so impose a sentence of death in the name of justice, The theory of discourse analysis Norman Fairclough used by the writer to explain the hidden meaning in the text of [speech] contained in the film. Further, it was found that in the film the figures of Clearance with the deliberately suicidal, as part of efforts to prove that during this time the ruler of the [read: of the court] in giving a decision.

  4. A REVIEW OF ENGLISH TEXTBOOK ENTITLED "SKILLFUL: READING AND WRITING, STUDENT'S BOOK 1" BY DAVID BOHLKE AND DOROTHY ZEMACH

    OpenAIRE

    Thunyalak Polsuk; Nutprapha K. Dennis, Ph.D

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the usefulness of a commercial textbook entitle “Skillful: Reading & Writing, Student’s Book 1”, written by David Bohlke with Dorothy E. Zemach as a series consultant, published by Macmillan publisher. The study also explores the appropriateness for considering to teaching university EFL students. The result of this study assists English teachers in choosing textbooks which will be most appropriate to the learners at various level to develop their reading and writi...

  5. Evaluation of MLC leaf positioning accuracy for static and dynamic IMRT treatments using DAVID in vivo dosimetric system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karagoz, Gulay; Zorlu, Faruk; Yeginer, Mete; Yildiz, Demet; Ozyigit, Gokhan

    2016-03-08

    Accuracy and precision of leaf positioning in multileaf collimators (MLCs) are significant factors for the accuracy of IMRT treatments. This study aimed to inves-tigate the accuracy and repeatability of the MLC leaf positioning via the DAVID invivo dosimetric system for dynamic and static MLC systems. The DAVID system was designed as multiwire transmission ionization chamber which is placed in accessory holder of linear accelerators. Each wire of DAVID system corresponds to a MLC leaf-pair to verify the leaf positioning accuracy during IMRT treatment and QA. In this study, verifications of IMRT plans of five head and neck (H&N) and five prostate patients treated in a Varian DHX linear accelerator with 80-leaf MLC were performed using DAVID system. Before DAVID-based dosimetry, Electronics Portal Imaging Device (EPID) and PTW 2D ARRAY dosimetry system were used for 2D verification of each plan. The measurements taken by DAVID system in the first day of the treatments were used as reference for the following measurements taken over the next four weeks. The deviations in leaf positioning were evaluated by "Total Deviation (TD)" parameter calculated by DAVID software. The delivered IMRT plans were originally prepared using dynamic MLC method. The same plans were subsequently calculated based on static MLC method with three different intensity levels of five (IL5), 10 (IL10) and 20 (IL20) in order to compare the performances of MLC leaf positioning repeatability for dynamic and static IMRT plans. The leaf positioning accuracy is also evaluated by analyzing DynaLog files based on error histograms and root mean square (RMS) errors of leaf pairs' positions. Moreover, a correlation analysis between simultaneously taken DAVID and EPID measurements and DynaLog file recordings was subsequently performed. In the analysis of DAVID outputs, the overall deviations of dynamic MLC-based IMRT calculated from the deviations of the four weeks were found as 0.55% ± 0.57% and 1.48% ± 0

  6. Bronze flagon from Pontes with an inscription from the 29th Psalm of David

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović Ivana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available During the campaign which took place in 1983 at the site of Pontes - Trajan’s Bridge near Kostol, in the layer between a house from the second half of the 9th century and a house from the 11th century, a treasury consisting of medieval iron tools placed around, or inserted into, a bronze flagon was discovered in a shallow pit. The whole find was named Treasury B. At first, the flagon itself was dated into the period between the 6th and the 8th centuries, however, we have recently dated it into the 6th-7th century. The inscription on the neck of the vessel is a paraphrase of the 3rd verse from the 29th Psalm of David. This is proof that the flagon was a liturgical vessel. In this text we are trying to show that this flagon was analogous to the specimen from the treasury from Vrap in Albania, whose deposition during the third part of the 7th century is connected with the activity of Bulgarian Khan Kuber. The Byzantine vessel was a part of treasure plundered from the Avars, and the production of this flagon, just as of that one from Pontes, can be dated into the period between the 6th century and the first half or the middle of the 7th century. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177007: Romanisation, urbanisation and transformation of urban centres of civil, military and residential character in Roman provinces in the territory of Serbia

  7. El último lector de David Toscana o la lectura como revelación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada Aurora Sánchez Peña

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La ectura, vista como proceso o como producto, no es sino un entrecruce de subjetividades, un ir hacia el otro y lo otro. Como desplazamiento, encuentro y revelación, la lectura es la única vía a través de la cual el texto emerge más allá de su materialidad. Ya lo dijo Wolfgang Iser: “un texto sólo despierta a la vida cuando es leído” (Iser, 1993: 99-100. Desde la metaliteratura, los dobleces y complejidades del acto de leer han sido motivo de reflexión y exploración, aunque probablemente menos que los vinculados particularmente a los problemas de la escritura literaria. Desde la posición de autorreferencialidad, el lenguaje artístico observa el universo extraordinario que se despliega en la producción y recepción del mensaje literario. En este texto se busca examinar la lectura como eje temático de la novela El último lector (Anagrama, 2004a,1 del escritor regiomontano David Toscana (1961. Asomarse a la propuesta metaliteraria de uno de los exponentes más distinguidos de la narrativa mexicana actual permite un acercamiento a diversas cuestiones asociadas al acto de leer, por ejemplo, el placer estético, los tipos de lectores, la novela como género literario, el paso de la realidad a la ficción, la impostación, así como la relación entre vida y literatura, por señalar algunos. Sobre todo, se está al alcance de una visión de mundo fincada en cierta medida en la asunción de la lectura como descubrimiento y revelación.

  8. Aortic valve-sparing in 37 patients with Marfan syndrome: midterm results with David operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forteza, Alberto; De Diego, Javier; Centeno, Jorge; López, Maria Jesus; Pérez, Enrique; Martín, Carlos; Sánchez, Violeta; Rufilanchas, Juan J; Cortina, Jose

    2010-01-01

    We reviewed our experience with aortic valve-sparing operations in Marfan syndrome during last 5 years. Between March 2004 and June 2009, 94 patients with aortic root aneurysms underwent valve-sparing operations. Of these, 37 (68% male) were diagnosed with Marfan syndrome, according to the Ghent diagnostic criteria. Mean age was 30 +/- 10 years (range, 11 to 59 years). Moderate/severe aortic regurgitation was present in 13%, and the mean diameter of the Valsalva sinuses was 50 +/- 4 mm (range, 42 to 62 mm). The David V modification was performed in the last 28 patients. Additional procedures were mitral valve repair in 6, tricuspid valve repair in 3, closure of septal atrial defect in 2, and closure of a patent foramen ovale in 13. Mean follow-up was 27 +/- 16 months (range, 1 to 61 months). There were no in-hospital deaths and no major adverse outcomes. One patient required implantation of a mechanical prosthesis during the same procedure because of moderate aortic regurgitation. One late death occurred. No patients required reoperation. In the last follow-up, 23 patients did not have aortic regurgitation, 12 had grade I, and 1 had grade II. No thromboembolic complications have been documented, and 97% of the patients are free from anticoagulation. Short-term and midterm results with the reimplantation technique for aortic root aneurysms in Marfan patients are excellent. If long-term results are similar, this technique could be the treatment of choice for these patients. 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. RESEÑA de : Álvarez Jiménez, David; Sanz Serrano, Rosa & Hernández de la Fuente, David (eds. El espejismo del bárbaro. Ciudadanos y extranjeros al final de la Antigüedad. Castelló de la Plana: Publicacions de la Universitat Jaume I, 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Cadenas González

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available RESEÑA de : Álvarez Jiménez, David; Sanz Serrano, Rosa & Hernández de la Fuente, David (eds. El espejismo del bárbaro. Ciudadanos y extranjeros al final de la Antigüedad. Castelló de la Plana: Publicacions de la Universitat Jaume I, 2013.

  10. David Grant Medical Center energy use baseline and integrated resource assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richman, E.E.; Hoshide, R.K.; Dittmer, A.L.

    1993-04-01

    The US Air Mobility Command (AMC) has tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) with supporting the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) mission to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy resource opportunities (EROs) at the David Grant Medical Center (DGMC). This report describes the methodology used to identify and evaluate the EROs at DGMC, provides a life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis for each ERO, and prioritizes any life-cycle cost-effective EROs based on their net present value (NPV), value index (VI), and savings to investment ratio (SIR or ROI). Analysis results are presented for 17 EROs that involve energy use in the areas of lighting, fan and pump motors, boiler operation, infiltration, electric load peak reduction and cogeneration, electric rate structures, and natural gas supply. Typical current energy consumption is approximately 22,900 MWh of electricity (78,300 MBtu), 87,600 kcf of natural gas (90,300 MBtu), and 8,300 gal of fuel oil (1,200 MBtu). A summary of the savings potential by energy-use category of all independent cost-effective EROs is shown in a table. This table includes the first cost, yearly energy consumption savings, and NPV for each energy-use category. The net dollar savings and NPV values as derived by the life-cycle cost analysis are based on the 1992 federal discount rate of 4.6%. The implementation of all EROs could result in a yearly electricity savings of more than 6,000 MWh or 26% of current yearly electricity consumption. More than 15 MW of billable load (total billed by the utility for a 12-month period) or more than 34% of current billed demand could also be saved. Corresponding natural gas savings would be 1,050 kcf (just over 1% of current consumption). Total yearly net energy cost savings for all options would be greater than $343,340. This value does not include any operations and maintenance (O M) savings.

  11. David Grant Medical Center energy use baseline and integrated resource assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richman, E.E.; Hoshide, R.K.; Dittmer, A.L.

    1993-04-01

    The US Air Mobility Command (AMC) has tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) with supporting the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program`s (FEMP) mission to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy resource opportunities (EROs) at the David Grant Medical Center (DGMC). This report describes the methodology used to identify and evaluate the EROs at DGMC, provides a life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis for each ERO, and prioritizes any life-cycle cost-effective EROs based on their net present value (NPV), value index (VI), and savings to investment ratio (SIR or ROI). Analysis results are presented for 17 EROs that involve energy use in the areas of lighting, fan and pump motors, boiler operation, infiltration, electric load peak reduction and cogeneration, electric rate structures, and natural gas supply. Typical current energy consumption is approximately 22,900 MWh of electricity (78,300 MBtu), 87,600 kcf of natural gas (90,300 MBtu), and 8,300 gal of fuel oil (1,200 MBtu). A summary of the savings potential by energy-use category of all independent cost-effective EROs is shown in a table. This table includes the first cost, yearly energy consumption savings, and NPV for each energy-use category. The net dollar savings and NPV values as derived by the life-cycle cost analysis are based on the 1992 federal discount rate of 4.6%. The implementation of all EROs could result in a yearly electricity savings of more than 6,000 MWh or 26% of current yearly electricity consumption. More than 15 MW of billable load (total billed by the utility for a 12-month period) or more than 34% of current billed demand could also be saved. Corresponding natural gas savings would be 1,050 kcf (just over 1% of current consumption). Total yearly net energy cost savings for all options would be greater than $343,340. This value does not include any operations and maintenance (O&M) savings.

  12. Risk Factors for Late Aortic Valve Dysfunction After the David V Valve-Sparing Root Replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esaki, Jiro; Leshnower, Bradley G; Binongo, Jose N; Lasanajak, Yi; McPherson, LaRonica; Guyton, Robert A; Chen, Edward P

    2017-11-01

    Valve-sparing root replacement (VSRR) is an established therapy for aortic root pathology. However, late aortic valve dysfunction requiring reoperation remains a primary concern of this procedure. This study examines risk factors for late aortic insufficiency (AI) and aortic stenosis (AS) after David V VSRR. A retrospective review from 2005 to 2015 at a US academic center identified 282 patients who underwent VSRR. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for late AI and AS after VSRR. The mean age was 46.4 years. Sixty-four patients (22.7%) had bicuspid valves, and 41 patients (14.5%) had Marfan syndrome. The incidence of reoperations was 27 (9.6%), and 42 cases (14.9%) presented with acute type A dissection. Operative mortality was 8 (2.8%). Seven-year survival was 90.9%. Seven-year cumulative incidence of reoperation, greater than 2+ AI and greater than moderate AS were 3.1%, 2.2%, and 0.8%, respectively. Multivariable analysis showed aortic root size 55 mm or larger (hazard ratio 3.44, 95% confidence interval: 1.27 to 9.29, p = 0.01) to be a risk factor for late AI whereas bicuspid valve (hazard ratio 16.07, 95% confidence interval: 3.12 to 82.68, p = 0.001) and cusp repair were found to be risk factors (hazard ratio 5.91, 95% confidence interval: 1.17 to 29.86, p = 0.03) for late AS. Valve-sparing root replacement can be performed with low operative risk and good overall long-term survival even in complex clinical settings. Durable valve function can be expected; however, aortic root size 55 cm or more, bicuspid valve anatomy, and cusp repair represent independent risk factors for late aortic valve dysfunction after these procedures. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Cherry-Slush-Candling Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, James B.; Weiss, James R.; Hoover, Gordon

    1996-01-01

    Proposed infrared-scanning apparatus for use in bakeries making cherry pies detect cherry pits remaining in cherry slush after pitting process. Pits detected via their relative opacity to infrared radiation.

  14. Memorial Candles: Beauty as Consolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mindy Weisel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Do we ever get used to the feelings of loss? Time supposedly heals all wounds. Does it really? Or do we take that time and take that loss and turn it into something else, something that takes the shape and the form of our loss. Is this perhaps the source of the deepest art? Is it the art that actually gives our lives meaning? There are clearly feelings that are beyond comprehension. It is these feelings that are put into the music, poetry, painting, photography, prose, and theater that enrich our lives, and that are addressed in this book. The women in “Daughters of Absence” all have one thing in common: as daughters of Holocaust survivors they have found a strong voice through their work. For these creative women, their work has been both life force and life saver.

  15. Influence of enclosure size and animal density on fecal cortisol concentration and aggression in Père David's deer stags.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chunwang; Jiang, Zhigang; Tang, Songhua; Zeng, Yan

    2007-04-01

    We investigated the impact of enclosure size and animal density on behavior and adrenocortical secretion in Père David's deer in Dafeng Nature Reserve, China. From February 15 to April 16 in 2004, we conducted two experiments. First, we studied maintenance behavior and conflict behavior of Père David's deer stags in a large enclosure (200 ha) with low animal density (0.66 deer/ha) and a small display pen (0.75 ha) with high animal density (25.33 deer/ha). The maintenance behavior we recorded included standing, locomotion, foraging and rest. During the behavioral observations, we collected fresh voided fecal samples from the stags periodically, and analyzed the fecal cortisol concentrations in those samples using radioimmunoassay technique. Second, we monitored the fecal cortisol concentrations of one group of stags (12 deer lived in an enclosure of 100 ha) before and after transferred into a small pen (0.5 ha). We found that in the first experiment: (1) there were significant differences in standing and rest whereas no significant differences of locomotion and foraging between the free-ranging group and the display group; (2) frequency of conflict behavior in the display group was significantly higher than those in the free-ranging group; and (3) fecal cortisol concentration of the display group (326.17+/-16.98 ng/g dry feces) was significantly higher than that of the free-ranging group (268.98+/-15.21 ng/g dry feces). In the second experiment, there was no significant difference of the fecal cortisol concentrations among sampling days, but the mean fecal cortisol concentration of the day after transferring (337.46+/-17.88 ng/g dry feces) was significantly higher than that of the day before transferring (248.44+/-7.99 ng/g dry feces). Comparison with published findings, our results indicated that enclosure size and animal density affect not only behaviors, but also adrenocortical secretion in Père David's deer. Small living space with high animal density may

  16. JOÃO PAULO MONTEIRO E O CONCEITO PRÉ-DARWINIANO DE SELEÇÃO NATURAL EM DAVID HUME

    OpenAIRE

    Rubens Sotero dos Santos

    2017-01-01

    Nosso objetivo aqui consiste em mostrar a hipótese inicialmente apresentada e defendida por João Paulo Monteiro e, posteriormente, por seu pupilo, José Claudio M. Matos que fizeram uma leitura darwiniana da epistemologia de David Hume. A hipótese consiste em mostrar que há um conceito pré-darwiniano de seleção natural em Hume que permitiria a aproximação desses dois autores. Essa hipótese se constitui a partir da interpretação do que Hume chama de “sabedoria ordinária da natureza”. Dessa form...

  17. From African health and influenza pandemics to disease in Russia: the medical history of K. David Patterson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyle, G F

    1999-04-01

    This paper is a personal commentary on the contributions of noted medical historian K. David Patterson. The eightieth anniversary of the onset of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918-19 serves as a reminder of his contributions. His works on slavery and disease in Africa, influenza diffusion and the history of cholera and other diseases periodically appeared in Social Science and Medicine. With a publishing career that lasted from 1971 to 1996, his enduring contributions include revised estimates of mortality in Africa during the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919.

  18. The Discovery of Anti-Matter The Autobiography of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel Prize

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays

  19. Seyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabai and David Hume in the philosophical basis for determining the values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Dehbashi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available allameh sayyid muhammad husain tabatabaei and David Hume, in regard to influential philosophical thought's, are very important, one in the Muslim world and The other in the West world. Allama has mentioned his thoughts on ethics, in his two books, the principles of philosophy and Method of realism and Al-Mizan interpretation (Quranic exegesis. In The principles of philosophy and Method of realism, his main discussions are actions that export from agent and the relationship between agent and action. In the sixth chapter of the book, Allama generally analyzes mental aspects, and in particular, examines the psychophilosophical analysis and epistemology of the moral concepts. In terms of epistemology, ethics is one of the perceptions of mental aspects, and according to Allama, humans naturally can distinct right from wrong and take steps towards goodness and happiness. The second psychophilosophical aspect of ethics is related to good moral qualities and spiritual positive properties. As was stated before, humans, by nature, are equipped with the ability to recognize right and wrong; so it can be concluded in the issue of good moral qualities and spiritual positive properties, that virtues and vices are in the form of spiritual positive properties and that actualized in regard to need of Physical actions, and accordingly, humans are forced to take action. Allama in epistemological discussions and how human can obtain the knowledge has analyzed the agency of human and relationship between the agent and the action with the aim of demonstrating the role of reason and perceptions in all levels of human life as central and substantial. Hume at the beginning of the third book, a treatise on human nature, stated that "Morality is a subject that interests us above all others"; He spoke of the importance of this field of philosophy. You can even ponder and reflect on the previous parts of the book so that the introductions of a scheme of ethics are discussed

  20. Seyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabai and David Hume in the philosophical basis for determining the values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Javad Movahedi

    Full Text Available allameh sayyid muhammad husain tabatabaei and David Hume, in regard to influential philosophical thought's, are very important, one in the Muslim world and The other in the West world. Allama has mentioned his thoughts on ethics, in his two books, the principles of philosophy and Method of realism and Al-Mizan interpretation (Quranic exegesis. In The principles of philosophy and Method of realism, his main discussions are actions that export from agent and the relationship between agent and action. In the sixth chapter of the book, Allama generally analyzes mental aspects, and in particular, examines the psychophilosophical analysis and epistemology of the moral concepts. In terms of epistemology, ethics is one of the perceptions of mental aspects, and according to Allama, humans naturally can distinct right from wrong and take steps towards goodness and happiness. The second psychophilosophical aspect of ethics is related to good moral qualities and spiritual positive properties. As was stated before, humans, by nature, are equipped with the ability to recognize right and wrong; so it can be concluded in the issue of good moral qualities and spiritual positive properties, that virtues and vices are in the form of spiritual positive properties and that actualized in regard to need of Physical actions, and accordingly, humans are forced to take action. Allama in epistemological discussions and how human can obtain the knowledge has analyzed the agency of human and relationship between the agent and the action with the aim of demonstrating the role of reason and perceptions in all levels of human life as central and substantial.Hume at the beginning of the third book, a treatise on human nature, stated that "Morality is a subject that interests us above all others"; He spoke of the importance of this field of philosophy. You can even ponder and reflect on the previous parts of the book so that the introductions of a scheme of ethics are discussed

  1. Seyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabai and David Hume in the philosophical basis for determining the values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Javad Movahedi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available allameh sayyid muhammad husain tabatabaei and David Hume, in regard to influential philosophical thought's, are very important, one in the Muslim world and The other in the West world. Allama has mentioned his thoughts on ethics, in his two books, the principles of philosophy and Method of realism and Al-Mizan interpretation (Quranic exegesis. In The principles of philosophy and Method of realism, his main discussions are actions that export from agent and the relationship between agent and action. In the sixth chapter of the book, Allama generally analyzes mental aspects, and in particular, examines the psychophilosophical analysis and epistemology of the moral concepts. In terms of epistemology, ethics is one of the perceptions of mental aspects, and according to Allama, humans naturally can distinct right from wrong and take steps towards goodness and happiness. The second psychophilosophical aspect of ethics is related to good moral qualities and spiritual positive properties. As was stated before, humans, by nature, are equipped with the ability to recognize right and wrong; so it can be concluded in the issue of good moral qualities and spiritual positive properties, that virtues and vices are in the form of spiritual positive properties and that actualized in regard to need of Physical actions, and accordingly, humans are forced to take action. Allama in epistemological discussions and how human can obtain the knowledge has analyzed the agency of human and relationship between the agent and the action with the aim of demonstrating the role of reason and perceptions in all levels of human life as central and substantial. Hume at the beginning of the third book, a treatise on human nature, stated that "Morality is a subject that interests us above all others"; He spoke of the importance of this field of philosophy. You can even ponder and reflect on the previous parts of the book so that the introductions of a scheme of ethics are discussed

  2. Hear After: Matters of Life and Death in David Tudor’s Electronic Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    You Nakai

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In David Tudor’s electronic music, home-brew modular devices were carefully connected together to form complex feedback networks wherein all components—including the composer/performer himself—could only partially ‘influence’ one another. Once activated, the very instability of mismatched connections between the components triggered a cascade of signals and signal modulations, so that the work “composed itself,” and took “a life of its own.” Due to this self-producing, perpetuating nature of his works, Tudor insisted on what he called “the view from inside,” focusing more on the internal observation of his devices and sound than in materials external to the immanence of performance. When Tudor passed away in 1996, it became apparent that the sheer lack of resources outside the work—scores, instructions, recordings, texts—had made many of his music impossible to perform in his absence. The works that took a life of their own could not survive their composer’s death partially because of his utter reliance on them to do their work. By connecting often mismatched resources obtained from extended research on Tudor, this paper presents modular observations that seem to offer certain perspectives on the issue of life and death surrounding Tudor’s music. A comparison with developments in systems theory, most notably autopoiesis, outlines a mechanism for the endless life of sounds that compose themselves. Moving out of this theoretical reflection, a fieldwork report of an ongoing attempt to ‘revive’ some of Tudors works is offered. This report demonstrates the observer shifting from one ‘inside’ to another—from an electronic circuitry inside a particular device, to a network composed of several devices, and further into the activation of a composite instrument. Meandering away from the archives, the composer’s “view from inside” of his electronic devices is set side by side with recent insights of object

  3. Bosquejos de niñez y proyectos de vida en la novela de Dickens “David Copperfield”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Sanabria-León

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La interpretación de la novela de Charles Dickens David Copperfield se propone destacar las formas en que la literatura somete a debate bosquejos de subjetividad e interacción. El interés central es la asignación cultural de atributos individuales que derivan de esquemas predeterminados sobre valores personales y de formas de vida. A la construcción social del prejuicio se le brinda especial atención. El hilo del análisis lo lleva la interacción entre la figuras narrativas de David Copperfield y Urias Heep, pues conforman antípodas reflejo de antagonismos sociales. La configuración de contrastes entre las características de los personajes –los proyectos que encarnan y sus destinos– ofrece un campo para el estudio de las orientaciones para la acción en la vida cotidiana. Tal configuración prevé ordenamientos de la experiencia. Se hace énfasis en los elementos fundadores de una jerarquía de estilos y mundos de vida, que a su vez muestran cómo diferentes niveles simbólicos están comprometidos en la asignación de roles sociales y sus significados para un colectivo.

  4. The moral status of the embryo: an attempt at an analysis with the aid of David Hume's ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, J B; Hönig, A; Segerer, S; Häusler, S F M; Dietl, J; Djakovic, A

    2010-12-01

    This article applies the moral sentimentalism founded by David Hume to the moral status of the embryo. It will attempt to explain the paradoxical fact that in Germany abortion is common and socially accepted while preimplantation genetic diagnosis is banned with the aid of an approach based on moral sentimentalism. David Hume established the thesis that the human being is guided by the emotions and not by reason when making moral decisions. Scientific innovations often create a feeling of anxiety. Consequently, the initial moral judgment about it is negative. Due to this habit, the innovation is often accepted after a phase of indifference. This phenomenon has been observed in the case of heart transplantation, as well as for IVF. Consequently, the apparent contradiction in the varying degrees of the embryo's worthiness of protection in the womb and in the Petri dish is due to the simple fact that these are different stages of habituation. Therefore, the ethics of Hume cannot stipulate the embryo's moral status for once and for all; however, they can paradoxically raise the ongoing current debate to a more rational level through the insight that the underlying moral concepts are not based on reason alone. Copyright © 2010 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. The Same Ol’ Story…or Not? Patterns of (Discontinuity in David Cameron’s European Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Brusenbauch Meislová

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available With its profound implications, Brexit is set to be the defining issue for the United Kingdom (UK and one of the most unique challenges that the European Union (EU and its member states have ever faced.  It was under the premiership of the former Prime Minister David Cameron that Britain’s relationship with the EU took such a dramatic turn. As it is essential, now more than ever, to understand the intriguing issue of Cameron’s European legacy, this article aims to deepen our understanding of his EU policy and provide key insights into the logic of his European dilemmas. As such, it explores how Cameron’s EU policy evolved under his Conservative Party leadership and investigates patterns of continuity and discontinuity in his EU discourse. More specifically, the inquiry compares three stages of Cameron’s EU policy corresponding with his three cabinets 1 shadow cabinet (2005-2010; 2 first cabinet (Cameron–Clegg coalition; 2010-2015; and 3 second cabinet (single-party ministry; 2015-2016. In each of these stages, attention is primarily given to trends, hallmarks and strategies of his European policy. The article concludes that whilst continuity can be detected in David Cameron’s EU policies throughout the whole tenure of his Conservative Party leadership, his EU strategies and tactics were marked by substantial discontinuity.

  6. Thinking outside the Chinese Box: David Mitchell and Murakami Haruki’s subversion of stereotypes about Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chikako Nihei

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Japan has often been portrayed by orientalist stereotypes, as famously framed by Edward Said, that were mainly constituted within Europe and North America. There are two distinct streams of orientalist discourse around Japan: traditional Orientalism and techno-Orientalism. Here the West speaks of the Other/the non-West rather than allowing it to speak for itself. In regards to the discourse of ‘Otherness’, another interesting phenomenon is Japan’s self-Orientalising: through the internalisation of the Western Orientalist discourse, Japan identifies itself and constructs its own subjectivity. In his literary works, the author David Mitchell attempts to subvert the conventional orientalist approach to describe Japan while concurrently maintaining his position as a British observer. He makes use of Western perspectives to cater to his Western readers’ preference for Japan’s traditional and cultural elements, and yet at the same time attempts to subvert stereotypes. Mitchell’s approach is reminiscent of Japanese author Murakami Haruki’s use of both ‘Japaneseness’ and ‘un-Japaneseness’ in his works. Mitchell also learnt the importance of the use of the subjective narrative voice from Murakami. In this article, I examine how David Mitchell, as a western author, attempts to go beyond orientalist stereotypes, and how his writing is influenced by Murakami Haruki.

  7. ['Gold standard', not 'golden standard'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, J.A.H.R.

    2005-01-01

    In medical literature, both 'gold standard' and 'golden standard' are employed to describe a reference test used for comparison with a novel method. The term 'gold standard' in its current sense in medical research was coined by Rudd in 1979, in reference to the monetary gold standard. In the same

  8. Accounting standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stellinga, B.; Mügge, D.

    2014-01-01

    The European and global regulation of accounting standards have witnessed remarkable changes over the past twenty years. In the early 1990s, EU accounting practices were fragmented along national lines and US accounting standards were the de facto global standards. Since 2005, all EU listed

  9. Animal Welfare: Focusing on the Future. By David J. Mellor and A.C. David Bayvel. OIE: Paris, France, 2014; 358 pp; €65.00; ISBN: 978-92-9044-929-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald M. Broom

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This book, which is a volume in an OIE series, describes much that is relevant to animal welfare, the chapters being in English with summaries or full text in French and Spanish. As with many reviews of our state of knowledge, many contributions to this volume draw on previous publications. For example, David Fraser’s excellent discussion of the globalization of farm animal welfare is explained at greater length in his 2008 paper [1] and book [2]. However, chapters on drivers of animal welfare policy in Africa, the Americas, the Far East and Australasia and the Middle East are amongst those that are novel. The description by Aidaros of Islamic teachings in relation to animal welfare is particularly welcome.[...

  10. David Hume e o “número de Dunbar”: uma abordagem evolucionista sobre os fundamentos da moralidade = David Hume and “Dunbar’s number”: an evolutionary approach to the foundations of morality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araujo, Marcelo de

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é caracterizar o conceito de justiça como uma convenção social indispensável para a emergência de obrigações morais no contexto de grupos que ultrapassam o “numero de Dunbar”. O artigo retoma, por um lado, a teoria da justiça proposta por David Hume na terceira seção de Uma Investigação sobre os Princípios da Moral, e, por outro lado, a hipótese de Robin Dunbar acerca do número máximo de indivíduos com os quais uma pessoa pode manter relações sociais estáveis que envolvam laços de amizade, vínculos de família, e histórias pessoais compartilhadas

  11. Cadrage, décadrage et recadrage dans Baa Baa Black Sheep : A Jungle Tale de David Malouf et Michael Berkeley Patrimonial Deconstruction and Reconstruction in David Malouf and Michael Berkeley’s Baa Baa Black Sheep : A Jungle Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Héberlé

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses Michael Berkeley’s first opera, Baa Baa Black Sheep: A Jungle Tale. Premiered under the baton of Paul Daniel on July 3rd 1993 at the Cheltenham International Festival of Music, this opera is based on two texts by Rudyard Kipling: The Jungle Books (1894-1895 and “Baa, Baa, Black Sheep” from the short story collection Wee Willie Winkie and Other Stories, first published in 1888. The libretto was penned by the Australian poet, novelist, playwright and librettist, David Malouf. After a brief survey of some of the earliest transpositions of The Jungle Books, I analyse the way David Malouf deals with both texts. “Baa Baa Black Sheep” is used as the central element of his libretto, and episodes and characters from The Jungle Books are incorporated to draw parallelism between the main topics of the two texts. Both Malouf’s endeavour and Berkeley’s, through the music, aims at deconstructing the preposterous oldest transpositions of The Jungle Books and at focusing on the key elements of Kipling’s famous book, notably identity and hybridism, two important themes of colonial and postcolonial literature. The aim of David Malouf and Michael Berkeley is to address an adult audience and show that The Jungle Books are not only aimed at children as Disney’s or Baden Powell’s appropriations of the work could wrongly make us believe.Cet article porte sur Baa Baa Black Sheep: A Jungle Tale, le premier opéra de Michael Berkeley. Créé au Everyman Theatre de Cheltenham le 3 juillet 1993 sous la direction de Paul Daniel, cette œuvre est le fruit de la collaboration entre le compositeur britannique et l’écrivain australien David Malouf. Le livret de Malouf se fonde sur deux récits de Rudyard Kipling : la nouvelle autobiographique “Baa, Baa, Black Sheep” auquel l’opéra doit son nom et The Jungle Books. Après m’être intéressé aux premières transpositions musicales de The Jungle books, je montre comment

  12. RESENHA CRÍTICA DO LIVRO INCÓGNITO - AS VIDAS SECRETAS DO CÉREBRO, DAVID EAGLEMAN

    OpenAIRE

    de Sousa, Carlos Eduardo Batista

    2016-01-01

    Resumo: Incógnito – As Vidas Secretas do Cérebro é um livro de divulgação neurocientífica escrito pelo neurocientista David Eagleman. O autor apresenta, de forma acessível ao público leigo, achados neurocientíficos sobre a relação entre o comportamento consciente e o cérebro. A abordagem, apesar de introdutória ‒ devemos considerar que o livro é de divulgação científica −, transmite a mensagem principal, a saber: o cérebro faz coisas que não sabemos e é o responsável pelo comportamento consci...

  13. Last Words: David's Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Graces (1824. Subjectivity, Death, and Postrevolutionary Late Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Padiyar, Satish

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Completed as he was approaching death in 1825, Jacques-Louis David's final refractory history painting is an intricate summation of a life in politics and painting. The article attempts to re-interpret the canvas in relation to the dual problem of 'late style' and the condition of exile. I argue that this history painting invokes the metaphor of non-sex for the condition of exile; and as a late gesture stages an anomalous return to a pre-lapsarian eighteenth century. The painting, I conclude, reveals less the transcendent subjectivity of an artist approaching biological death, than the critical disarming of a once-radical neoclassical aesthetic itself, in its tragic late phase.

  14. A philosophical analysis of David Orr's theory of ecological literacy: biophilia, ecojustice and moral education in school learning communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Debra B.; Mueller, Michael P.

    2011-03-01

    In his writings, David Orr claims that the US is in an "ecological crisis" and that this stems from a crisis of education. He outlines a theory of ecological literacy, a mode by which we better learn the ecology of the Earth and live in a sustainable manner. While emphasizing a shock doctrine, the diagnosis of "crisis" may be correct, but it is short-lived for children and adults of the world. In this philosophical analysis of Orr's theory, it is argued that we move beyond the perspective of crisis. By extending Orr's ecological literacy with biophilia and ecojustice and by recognizing the importance of experience-in-learning, science education is envisioned to incorporate values and morals within a longer term ideology of educational reform.

  15. A Late Sequela of the David Procedure: Left Main Coronary Artery Compression and Myocardial Infarction due to Pseudoaneurysm Formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatas, Mehmet Baran; Tuygun, Abdullah Kemal; Gungor, Baris; Sisman, Seviye Bora; Sahin, Sinan; Bolca, Osman

    2016-02-01

    Valve-sparing root replacement (the David procedure) is a valuable alternative to conventional aortic root replacement with a composite graft, especially in patients whose aortic valve leaflets have not been altered. However, reintervention rates are higher than are those associated with composite graft implantation. In this report, we present the case of a patient who had undergone valve-sparing root replacement 2 years earlier and was admitted to our hospital with myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock secondary to coronary ostial button dissection, aortic pseudoaneurysm formation, and severe left main coronary artery compression. To our knowledge, this case is exceedingly rare. Rather than attempt local reconstruction of the mouth of the pseudoaneurysm, we excised the lesion, the aortic valve, and the graft, and we successfully implanted a composite aortic graft with a mechanical aortic valve.

  16. Between a Rock and a Blue Chair: David Hockney’s Rocky Mountains and Tired Indians (1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Hammer

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Travel and cultural exchange between the United Kingdom and the United States of America became a key feature of the 1960s, shaping the world view of many a British artist, curator, architect, writer, film-maker, and academic. Against that wider backdrop, I offer here a focused reading of David Hockney’s 1965 painting, Rocky Mountains and Tired Indians. With its faux-naive idiom and overt but quirkily un-modern American theme, the work conveys the artist’s singular take on what it felt like to be a Brit at large in the US, an environment at once wondrously exotic and at times strikingly banal. Close analysis discloses Hockney’s rich repertoire of artistic and literary allusions in Rocky Mountains, and the meanings and associations these may have encapsulated.

  17. Personagens ficcionais, tipos de David Keirsey e a educação: um estudo da sitcom \\"Everybody Loves Raymond

    OpenAIRE

    João Sergio Cury Lauand

    2011-01-01

    A teoria dos temperamentos de David Kersey indica que há diferentes disposições de agir e comportar-se de acordo com tipos psicológicos. Diferentes temperamentos têm diferentes interpretações dos fatos, reagem de modo distinto a essas interpretações, tomam decisões baseados em diferentes critérios e lidam com as situações de modo diverso. A presente tese pretende tornar os tipos (ideais) de Keirsey (ISTP, ESFJ etc.) visíveis e concretos, por meio da análise de personagens de ficção: a família...

  18. David Hilbert's lectures on the foundations of physics 1915-1927 relativity, quantum theory and epistemology

    CERN Document Server

    Sauer, Tilman

    2009-01-01

    A single system of economic governance - capitalism - prevails in the world today, both in theory and in practice. Yet there is neither a standard definition of capitalism nor a theory of how it works. Moreover, the most common conception of capitalism is that of a one-level system governed by markets, i.e., supply and demand, where many socioeconomic externalities are ignored. The purpose of this book is to counter this conception, showing that capitalism is more than markets. In fact, capitalism shares many parallels with everyday organized sports, in that both are indirect, three-level syst

  19. Communications standards

    CERN Document Server

    Stokes, A V

    1986-01-01

    Communications Standards deals with the standardization of computer communication networks. This book examines the types of local area networks (LANs) that have been developed and looks at some of the relevant protocols in more detail. The work of Project 802 is briefly discussed, along with a protocol which has developed from one of the LAN standards and is now a de facto standard in one particular area, namely the Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP). Factors that affect the usage of networks, such as network management and security, are also considered. This book is divided into three se

  20. David M. Hume Memorial Lecture. Impact of endovascular technology on the practice of vascular surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veith, F J; Marin, M L

    1996-08-01

    Endovascular treatment techniques have already replaced some vascular operations. The likelihood is that new endovascular techniques involving stents and stented grafts will replace additional vascular operations. All these treatments involve the use of catheter-guidewire, balloon, and imaging modalities, particularly digital fluoroscopy. These modalities have already and will increasingly help to improve and simplify standard vascular operations such as thromboembolectomy, infrainguinal bypasses, and management of aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas. Accordingly, vascular surgeons must become familiar with and use these endovascular methods and techniques. This can be accomplished in a variety of ways which includes working as part of a multidisciplinary vascular treatment group in which various specialists collaborate to provide the best, most cost-effective care to vascular disease patients.

  1. Een liefdespaar onthuld: Jacob Adriaensz Backer's zogenoemde 'David en Bathseba' opnieuw geïdentificeerd als 'Isaäk en Rebekka'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, E.

    2011-01-01

    Jacob Backer signed and dated (1640) a history piece that until now was entitled David and Bathsheba and is located in Tokyo. The image however, lacks the traditional iconographical motifs from which we can recognize this old biblical story.In this article I propose that the painting is a portrait

  2. "Neither Can They Die Any More; for They Are Equal Unto the Angels": Secular Epiphanies in David Almond's "Counting Stars"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Deborah

    2014-01-01

    Written before the successful publication of Skellig (1998), David Almond's short story collection, "Counting Stars," has attracted less critical attention than his more famous novels. Falling between fiction and autobiography, the earlier short stories are more firmly grounded in realism than the novels, which feature elements of…

  3. In Response to David Greenwood's "Place Mobility and Faculty Life: Mindfulness through Change" through the Lens of Science Teacher Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyaema, Mary K.

    2017-01-01

    In writing this review, I draw on the experience of David Greenwood ("Cult Stud Sci Educ" 10:5-16, 2015) whose ethnographic study sheds light on his growth as a faculty member who has taught in various settings that are quite different from the culture that he grew up with. I extend his thoughts on ecological mindfulness to encompass a…

  4. The Integration of Jesus' Great Commandment within Christian Higher Education: An Analysis of the Leadership Praxis of Dr. David S. Dockery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Tanner Franklin

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to better understand the leadership philosophy and key strategic actions of Dr. David S. Dockery in relation to Jesus' Great Commandment. Dockery's leadership has been instrumental in shaping and defining the meaning of Christian education during his fourteen year tenure as president of Union University. During his…

  5. Dodecanuclear 3d/4f-metal clusters with a 'Star of David' topology: single-molecule magnetism and magnetocaloric properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandropoulos, Dimitris I; Cunha-Silva, Luís; Lorusso, Giulia; Evangelisti, Marco; Tang, Jinkui; Stamatatos, Theocharis C

    2016-01-28

    A family of interwoven molecular inorganic knots, shaped like the 'Star of David', was prepared by the employment of naphthalene-2,3-diol in 3d/4f-metal cluster chemistry; the isoskeletal dodecanuclear compounds exhibit slow relaxation of the magnetization and magnetocaloric properties, depending on the metal ion.

  6. A Proposed Theoretical Model Using the Work of Thomas Kuhn, David Ausubel, and Mauritz Johnson as a Basis for Curriculum and Instruction Decisions in Science Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Barbara Lynn

    This study presents a holistic framework which can be used as a basis for decision-making at various points in the curriculum-instruction development process as described by Johnson in a work published in 1967. The proposed framework has conceptual bases in the work of Thomas S. Kuhn and David P. Ausubel and utilizes the work of several perceptual…

  7. Achieving Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has......International e-Customs is going through a standardization process. Driven by the need to increase control in the trade process to address security challenges stemming from threats of terrorists, diseases, and counterfeit products, and to lower the administrative burdens on traders to stay...... to be harmonized in order for a global company to perceive e-Customs as standardized. In doing so, they contribute an explanation of the challenges associated with using a standardization mechanism for harmonizing socio-technical information systems....

  8. Achieving Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has......International e-Customs is going through a standardization process. Driven by the need to increase control in the trade process to address security challenges stemming from threats of terrorists, diseases, and counterfeit products, and to lower the administrative burdens on traders to stay...... to be harmonized in order for a global company to perceive e-Customs as standardized. In doing so, they contribute an explanation of the challenges associated with using a standardization mechanism for harmonizing socio-technical information systems....

  9. Training Standardization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agnihotri, Newal

    2003-01-01

    The article describes the benefits of and required process and recommendations for implementing the standardization of training in the nuclear power industry in the United States and abroad. Current Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) enable training standardization in the nuclear power industry. The delivery of training through the Internet, Intranet and video over IP will facilitate this standardization and bring multiple benefits to the nuclear power industry worldwide. As the amount of available qualified and experienced professionals decreases because of retirements and fewer nuclear engineering institutions, standardized training will help increase the number of available professionals in the industry. Technology will make it possible to use the experience of retired professionals who may be interested in working part-time from a remote location. Well-planned standardized training will prevent a fragmented approach among utilities, and it will save the industry considerable resources in the long run. It will also ensure cost-effective and safe nuclear power plant operation

  10. Interview with David Tauben: University of Washington, Chief of the Division of Pain Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauben, David

    2017-07-01

    Dr Tauben is Clinical Professor jointly appointed in the Departments of Medicine and Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, and is the Hughes M & Katherine G Blake Endowed Professor, board certified in both Internal Medicine and Pain Medicine. He is also University of Washington (UW) Director of Medical Student and Resident Education in Pain Medicine, and Medical Director of UW TelePain, a tele-video-conferencing program intended to provide innovative pain education and consultative support to a five-state northwest regional primary care providers. He served as a member of the NIH National Pain Strategy task force on pain education and is principal investigator for the UW's prestigious NIH Pain Consortium Center of Excellence for Pain Education, leading curriculum development to extend the pain proficiency qualifications of interprofessional primary care providers. Dr Tauben is a member of the American Pain Society and the International Association for the Study of Pain special interest study groups on Pain Education. He is a founding member of the State of Washington Agency Medical Directors panel of medical experts developing opioid prescription guidelines for the state, and a regular clinical and content expert for regulatory and legislative bodies involved in public policy regarding pain medicine practice and standards. He speaks as a clinical expert in medical management of chronic pain, especially as it applies to primary care practices. Dr Tauben served as an expert for several US Centers for Disease Control clinical outreach programs and policy reviews advising primary care providers on how to prescribe opioids for chronic noncancer pain. He is annually recognized by his peers as recipient of regional awards in care of pain patients, and brings decades of clinical experience of best practice medication management of acute and chronic pain. Dr Tauben received his bachelors degree in philosophy from Yale University, medical degree from Tufts University School of

  11. Urban common space, heterotopia and the right to the city: Reflections on the ideas of Henri Lefebvre and David Harvey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Alves dos Santos Junior

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A city’s common spaces are appropriated by capital that aims to guarantee the conditions necessary for the production-reproduction of capitalist relations. In this context, the challenge is to imagine and construct a very different type of city capable of breaking away from the dynamic of capital, founded on new forms of appropriation of the city, which implies articulating both theory and praxis. For this to occur, however, it is necessary to create new knowledge about the city and a strong anti-capitalist social movement focused on the transformation of daily urban life and involving new forms of appropriation of urban common spaces. It is in this context, and from a dialectic perspective, that this article articulates the ideas of Henri Lefebvre and David Harvey, seeking to contribute to an understanding of the production processes of space in contemporary capitalism, the discussion of the future of cities and perspectives on transition. To do so, the article addresses four central ideas: (i the dialectic conception of space to problematize the production and appropriation of urban common spaces; (ii the recognition of urban common spaces as spaces traversed by contradictions, disputes and material and symbolic conflicts among different agents; (iii the right to the city as a need and as a utopian project; and (iv the challenge of articulating heterotopic practices from the perspective of creative rebellion for the right to the city and the transition to a new urban future.

  12. Sex-Age Related Rumination Behavior of Père David's Deer under Constraints of Feeding Habitat and Rainfall.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongqiu Li

    Full Text Available Extensive studies have been conducted on the rumination behavior of domestic herbivores. However, studies on wild animals are limited, particularly wild animals with specific ruminating parameters. In this study, Père David's deer, a previously extirpated species, was observed to analyze the effects of sex-age, feeding habitat, and rainfall on rumination behavior in the Dafeng Nature Reserve, China. Rumination behavior was investigated based on four parameters: proportion of bedding time spent chewing, bolus processing time (s/bolus, chewing frequency (chews/bolus, and chewing rate (chews/s. Results showed that all three factors affect rumination behavior. The extent of their effects varied based on the four rumination parameters. Chewing rate and frequency decreased based on sex-age levels, i.e., from fawns to juvenile female, juvenile male, adult female, stag, and harem holder. Therefore, body size played a major role in shaping rumination behavior. Deer found in grasslands could chew faster compared with deer found in woodlands. This result might be caused by the effects of dietary composition and sunlight intensity. A deer spends a longer time ruminating while bedding during rainy days compared with rainless days to maximize energy and nutrition intake and compensate for the loss of feeding time during rainy days. Therefore, rumination behavior is plastic and is shaped by intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

  13. ‘The Realer, More Enduring and Sentimental Part of Him’: David Foster Wallace’s Personal Library and Marginalia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Roache

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article asks what kind of relationship critics can posit between, on the one hand, David Foster Wallace’s personal library and marginalia and, on the other hand, his published works of fiction. The controversy surrounding Maria Bustillos’ 2011 reading of annotations in a selection of Wallace’s self-help texts – one result of which was the redaction of those texts from the archive – has served to reinforce the conventional critical understanding of authorly marginalia as a form of personal revelation or truth, and, by extension, as a kind of allegorical key to the respective literary oeuvre. However, this article contends that such a straightforward model of interpretation is unsettled by a reading of the marginalia alongside Wallace’s novel 'Infinite Jest' and his short story ‘Good Old Neon.’ The article concludes that, once the annotations are placed into this more dynamic relation with the fiction, such seemingly fundamental and potentially ‘therapeutic’ notions as truth, origin, and the ‘inner self’ are actually shown to be intertextually and ideologically entangled with a set of popular North American discourses that not only traverse Wallace’s library and oeuvre, but continue to shape his reception inside and outside the academy.

  14. Here to stay. An interview with Dr. David Satcher, Director, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stilkind, J

    1996-11-01

    This paper presents an interview with Dr. David Satcher of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the issue of infectious and chronic diseases. The problem of new and reemerging infectious diseases around the world, particularly in developing countries, is discussed. While drug resistant malaria and sporadic outbreaks of Ebola in Africa have alarmed health programs, AIDS is the major emerging infectious disease throughout the world. Microorganisms have a way of surviving: they mutate, they adapt, and they emerge. The CDC¿s major partner in the global response to emerging infections is WHO. The CDC has learned lessons from its experience with AIDS and Ebola virus events. A system of domestic surveillance and global prevention should be developed. Poverty, hunger and malnutrition may contribute to the rise of chronic diseases in developing countries. The introduction of richer diets higher in cholesterol in combination with a sedentary lifestyle also will also lead to more chronic diseases among people in developing countries. In the future, smoking will have a greater impact on mortality than will any other factor in these countries. Infectious diseases are much less predictable. Drug resistant microorganisms and urbanization counterbalance the development of vaccines. The U.S. health care system wrongly prioritizes tertiary care while spending only 1% of its health budget on the prevention of diseases. Dr. Satcher would like to see the implementation of programs dealing with human behavior, sanitation, immunization and health education as preventive measures.

  15. Magnetization process and magnetocaloric effect in geometrically frustrated Ising antiferromagnet and spin ice models on a 'Star of David' nanocluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Žukovič, M.; Semjan, M.

    2018-04-01

    Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of geometrically frustrated antiferromagnetic Ising (IA) and ferromagnetic spin ice (SI) models on a nanocluster with a 'Star of David' topology, including next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) interactions, are studied by an exact enumeration. In an external field applied in characteristic directions of the respective models, depending on the NNN interaction sign and magnitude, the ground state magnetization of the IA model is found to display up to three intermediate plateaus at fractional values of the saturation magnetization, while the SI model shows only one zero-magnetization plateau and only for the antiferromagnetic NNN coupling. A giant magnetocaloric effect is revealed in the IA model with the NNN interaction either absent or equal to the nearest-neighbor coupling. The latter is characterized by abrupt isothermal entropy changes at low temperatures and infinitely fast adiabatic temperature variations for specific entropy values in the processes when the magnetic field either vanishes or tends to the critical values related to the magnetization jumps.

  16. Expanding the body mass range: associations between BMR and tissue morphology in wild type and mutant dwarf mice (David mice).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Carola W; Neubronner, Juliane; Rozman, Jan; Stumm, Gabi; Osanger, Andreas; Stoeger, Claudia; Augustin, Martin; Grosse, Johannes; Klingenspor, Martin; Heldmaier, Gerhard

    2007-02-01

    We sought to identify associations of basal metabolic rate (BMR) with morphological traits in laboratory mice. In order to expand the body mass (BM) range at the intra-strain level, and to minimize relevant genetic variation, we used male and female wild type mice (C3HeB/FeJ) and previously unpublished ENU-induced dwarf mutant littermates (David mice), covering a body mass range from 13.5 g through 32.3 g. BMR was measured at 30 degrees C, mice were killed by means of CO(2 )overdose, and body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was subsequently analyzed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), after which mice were dissected into 12 (males) and 10 (females) components, respectively. Across the 44 individuals, 43% of the variation in the basal rates of metabolism was associated with BM. The latter explained 47% to 98% of the variability in morphology of the different tissues. Our results demonstrate that sex is a major determinant of body composition and BMR in mice: when adjusted for BM, females contained many larger organs, more fat mass, and less lean mass compared to males. This could be associated with a higher mass adjusted BMR in females. Once the dominant effects of sex and BM on BMR and tissue mass were removed, and after accounting for multiple comparisons, no further significant association between individual variation in BMR and tissue mass emerged.

  17. David Kirkaldy (1820-1897) and his museum of destruction: the visual dilemmas of an engineer as man of science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Frances

    2013-09-01

    This paper examines codes of representation in nineteenth century engineering in Britain in relation to broader visual culture. While engineering was promoted as a rational public enterprise through techniques of spectacular display, engineers who aimed to be taken seriously in the intellectual hierarchies of science had to negotiate suitable techniques for making and using images. These difficulties can be examined in the visual practices that mark the career of engineer David Kirkaldy. Beginning as a bravura naval draughtsman, Kirkaldy later negotiated his status as a serious experimenter in material testing science, changing his style of representation that at first sight seems to be in line with the 'objective' strategy in science of getting nature to represent herself. And although Kirkaldy maintained a range of visual styles to communicate with different audiences, making rhetorical use of several technologies of inscription, from hand drawing to photography, nevertheless, his work does in fact demonstrate new uses of the concept of objectivity in representation when up against the practices of engineering. While these might seem merely pragmatic in comparison to the ethical weight given to the discourse of objective representation in science, in the messy world of collapsing bridges and law suits, virtuous engineers had to develop various forms of visual knowledge as practical science. This was not 'applied science' but a differentiated form of enquiry whose complexities hold as much interest as the better known visual cultures of late nineteenth century science or art. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Valve-sparing David I procedure in acute aortic type A dissection: a 20-year experience with more than 100 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckmann, Erik; Martens, Andreas; Pertz, Jana; Kaufeld, Tim; Umminger, Julia; Hanke, Jasmin S; Schmitto, Jan D; Cebotari, Serghei; Haverich, Axel; Shrestha, Malakh Lal

    2017-08-01

    The aortic valve-sparing David procedure has been applied to the elective treatment of patients with aortic aneurysms with excellent results. The use of this technique in patients with acute aortic dissection type A (AADA) is still a matter of debate. We present our long-term experience with 109 patients with AADA who had the valve-sparing David I procedure. Between July 1993 and October 2015, 109 patients with AADA had the valve-sparing David I procedure at our centre. We conducted a retrospective review with follow-up. The mean age was 54 ± 12 years; 78 (72%) patients were men. Marfan syndrome was present in 6 (5%) patients and bicuspid aortic valve in 3 (3%). Only 4 (4%) patients received the isolated David procedure; 50 (46%) underwent additional proximal, 13 (12%) subtotal and 42 (39%) total aortic arch replacement. The in-hospital mortality rate was 11% ( n  = 12). Intraoperative/discharge echocardiography showed aortic insufficiency ≤ I° in 93 of 97 patients (96%). Mean follow-up time was 8.3 ± 5.7 years. The survival rate after discharge at 1, 5 and 10 years was 94%, 90% and 78%, respectively. Thirteen percent ( n  = 13) of patients underwent valve-related reoperation. Freedom from valve-related reoperation at 1, 5 and 10 years was 96%, 88% and 85%, respectively. Compared to patients who underwent the David I procedure for any reason other than AADA, there were no significant differences in long-term survival rates ( P  = 0.29) and freedom from a valve-related reoperation ( P  = 0.39). The valve-sparing David I procedure has acceptable long-term results even in emergent operations for AADA and is not inferior when performed in elective settings. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  19. New software for computer-assisted dental-data matching in Disaster Victim Identification and long-term missing persons investigations: "DAVID Web".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, J G; Winship, V; Ceddia, J; Al-Amad, S; Morales, A; Hill, A J

    2006-05-15

    In 1997 an internally supported but unfunded pilot project at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine (VIFM) Australia led to the development of a computer system which closely mimicked Interpol paperwork for the storage, later retrieval and tentative matching of the many AM and PM dental records that are often needed for rapid Disaster Victim Identification. The program was called "DAVID" (Disaster And Victim IDentification). It combined the skills of the VIFM Information Technology systems manager (VW), an experienced odontologist (JGC) and an expert database designer (JC); all current authors on this paper. Students did much of the writing of software to prescription from Monash University. The student group involved won an Australian Information Industry Award in recognition of the contribution the new software could have made to the DVI process. Unfortunately, the potential of the software was never realized because paradoxically the federal nature of Australia frequently thwarts uniformity of systems across the entire country. As a consequence, the final development of DAVID never took place. Given the recent problems encountered post-tsunami by the odontologists who were obliged to use the Plass Data system (Plass Data Software, Holbaek, Denmark) and with the impending risks imposed upon Victoria by the decision to host the Commonwealth Games in Melbourne during March 2006, funding was sought and obtained from the state government to update counter disaster preparedness at the VIFM. Some of these funds have been made available to upgrade and complete the DAVID project. In the wake of discussions between leading expert odontologists from around the world held in Geneva during July 2003 at the invitation of the International Committee of the Red Cross significant alterations to the initial design parameters of DAVID were proposed. This was part of broader discussions directed towards developing instruments which could be used by the ICRC's "The Missing

  20. Frequency standards

    CERN Document Server

    Riehle, Fritz

    2006-01-01

    Of all measurement units, frequency is the one that may be determined with the highest degree of accuracy. It equally allows precise measurements of other physical and technical quantities, whenever they can be measured in terms of frequency.This volume covers the central methods and techniques relevant for frequency standards developed in physics, electronics, quantum electronics, and statistics. After a review of the basic principles, the book looks at the realisation of commonly used components. It then continues with the description and characterisation of important frequency standards

  1. Relevant Standards

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    .86: Ethernet over LAPS. Standard in China and India. G.7041: Generic Framing Procedure (GFP). Supports Ethernet as well as other data formats (e.g., Fibre Channel); Protocol of ... IEEE 802.3x for flow control of incoming Ethernet data ...

  2. Diversidad de insectos acuáticos y calidad del agua de los ríos David y Mula, provincia de Chiriquí, Panamá.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ríos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó la diversidad, abundancia, distribución, riqueza de insectos acuáticos y la calidad del agua en los ríos David y Mula, en época seca (enero-abril y lluviosa (julio-octubre en el año 2010. Los insectos acuáticos se recolectaron dos veces al mes y se utilizaron tres métodos de captura, de acuerdo con el tipo de sustrato. Se identificaron 82 géneros (cuatro sin determinar, agrupados en 43 familias y nueve órdenes de la clase Insecta, con una abundancia total de 14.951 individuos. El río David presentó una diversidad (H’ entre 2,17 y 2,87, y el río Mula entre 2,73 y 2,90. El índice de similitud de Sorensen mostró valores altos de similitud. Según el índice BMWP’/Pan, los ríos David y Mula mostraron aguas de calidad buena o no alteradas de manera sensible a aguas de calidad excelente, excepto en un sitio del río David donde el agua fue de calidad regular, eutrófica y moderadamente contaminada en la época lluviosa. En ambos ríos los datos indican una constancia de los niveles de pH, oxígeno disuelto y conductividad, y además, no presentan cambios significativos notables durante las épocas seca y lluviosa.

  3. A novel HURRAH protocol reveals high numbers of monomorphic MHC class II loci and two asymmetric multi-locus haplotypes in the Père David's deer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiu-Hong Wan

    Full Text Available The Père David's deer is a highly inbred, but recovered, species, making it interesting to consider their adaptive molecular evolution from an immunological perspective. Prior to this study, genomic sequencing was the only method for isolating all functional MHC genes within a certain species. Here, we report a novel protocol for isolating MHC class II loci from a species, and its use to investigate the adaptive evolution of this endangered deer at the level of multi-locus haplotypes. This protocol was designated "HURRAH" based on its various steps and used to estimate the total number of MHC class II loci. We confirmed the validity of this novel protocol in the giant panda and then used it to examine the Père David's deer. Our results revealed that the Père David's deer possesses nine MHC class II loci and therefore has more functional MHC class II loci than the eight genome-sequenced mammals for which full MHC data are currently available. This could potentially account at least in part for the strong survival ability of this species in the face of severe bottlenecking. The results from the HURRAH protocol also revealed that: (1 All of the identified MHC class II loci were monomorphic at their antigen-binding regions, although DRA was dimorphic at its cytoplasmic tail; and (2 these genes constituted two asymmetric functional MHC class II multi-locus haplotypes: DRA1*01 ∼ DRB1 ∼ DRB3 ∼ DQA1 ∼ DQB2 (H1 and DRA1*02 ∼ DRB2 ∼ DRB4 ∼ DQA2 ∼ DQB1 (H2. The latter finding indicates that the current members of the deer species have lost the powerful ancestral MHC class II haplotypes of nine or more loci, and have instead fixed two relatively weak haplotypes containing five genes. As a result, the Père David's deer are currently at risk for increased susceptibility to infectious pathogens.

  4. David Wiles. A Short History of Western Performance Space : Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, viii + 316 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    Saravia de Grossi, María Inés

    2005-01-01

    David Wiles se desempeña como Profesor de Teatro en el Royal Holloway de la Universidad de Londres. Sus publicaciones previas conciernen al teatro griego e isabelino, como Shakespeatre's Clown: actor and text in the Elizabethan playhouse (1987) y Greek Theatre Performance (2000). En el presente libro propone un repaso histórico del espacio de las performances teatrales, desde Grecia hasta el siglo XX.

  5. Incidence and progression of mild aortic regurgitation after Tirone David reimplantation valve-sparing aortic root replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Elizabeth H; Liang, David H; Kvitting, John-Peder Escobar; Kari, Fabian A; Fischbein, Michael P; Mitchell, R Scott; Miller, D Craig

    2014-01-01

    The study objective was to determine whether recurrent or residual mild aortic regurgitation, which occurs after valve-sparing aortic root replacement, progresses over time. Between 2003 and 2008, 154 patients underwent Tirone David-V valve-sparing aortic root replacement; 96 patients (62%) had both 1-year (median, 12 ± 4 months) and mid-term (62 ± 22 months) transthoracic echocardiograms available for analysis. Age of patients averaged 38 ± 13 years, 71% were male, 31% had a bicuspid aortic valve, 41% had Marfan syndrome, and 51% underwent aortic valve repair, predominantly cusp free margin shortening. Forty-one patients (43%) had mild aortic regurgitation on 1-year echocardiogram. In 85% of patients (n = 35), mild aortic regurgitation remained stable on the most recent echocardiogram (median, 57 ± 20 months); progression to moderate aortic regurgitation occurred in 5 patients (12%) at a median of 28 ± 18 months and remained stable thereafter; severe aortic regurgitation developed in 1 patient, eventually requiring reoperation. Five patients (5%) had moderate aortic regurgitation at 1 year, which did not progress subsequently. Two patients (2%) had more than moderate aortic regurgitation at 1 year, and both ultimately required reoperation. Although mild aortic regurgitation occurs frequently after valve-sparing aortic root replacement, it is unlikely to progress over the next 5 years and should not be interpreted as failure of the valve-preservation concept. Further, we suggest that mild aortic regurgitation should not be considered nonstructural valve dysfunction, as the 2008 valve reporting guidelines would indicate. We need 10- to 15-year follow-up to learn the long-term clinical consequences of mild aortic regurgitation early after valve-sparing aortic root replacement. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Beautiful Piles of Bones: An Interview with 2017 Genetics Society of America Medal Recipient David M. Kingsley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingsley, David M

    2017-12-01

    The Genetics Society of America Medal is awarded to an individual for outstanding contributions to the field of genetics in the last 15 years. Recipients of the GSA Medal are recognized for elegant and highly meaningful contributions to modern genetics, exemplifying the ingenuity of GSA membership. The 2017 recipient is David M. Kingsley, whose work in mouse, sticklebacks, and humans has shifted paradigms about how vertebrates evolve. Kingsley first fell in love with genetics in graduate school, where he worked on receptor mediated endocytosis with Monty Krieger. In his postdoctoral training he was able to unite genetics with his first scientific love: vertebrate morphology. He joined the group of Neal Copeland and Nancy Jenkins, where he led efforts to map the classical mouse skeletal mutation short ear Convinced that experimental genetics had a unique power to reveal the inner workings of evolution, Kingsley then established the stickleback fish as an extraordinarily productive model of quantitative trait evolution in wild species. He and his colleagues revealed many important insights, including the discoveries that major morphological differences can map to key loci with large effects, that regulatory changes in essential developmental control genes have produced advantageous new traits, and that nature has selected the same genes over and over again to drive the stickleback's skeletal evolution. Recently, Kingsley's group has been using these lessons to reveal more about how our own species evolved.This is an abridged version of the interview. The full interview is available on the Genes to Genomes blog, at genestogenomes.org/kingsley/. Copyright © 2017 by the Genetics Society of America.

  7. Work plan for the removal and subsequent management of specific waste from David Witherspoon, Inc., Knoxville, Tennessee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) and the Department of Energy (DOE) have made the determination that approximately 258 drums of waste and 10 open-top boxes of waste now located at the site known as David Witherspoon, Inc., (DWI) in south Knoxville, Tennessee, should be repackaged as necessary and transferred to the K-25 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for management. This work plan addresses the four phases of activity planned and the methods of accomplishment The lint phase will consist of an assessment to determine requirements for managing the waste. Items to be investigated include site access, site conditions, personal protective equipment, waste characterization needs, packaging and labeling, transportation, receipt and storage of the waste at the K-25 Site, and site controls and monitoring required during the packaging operations to be conducted at DWI. The second phase will include mobilization of on-site support and operating facilities, sampling and transferral of a randomly selected representative fraction of the 232 drums now stored on-site in sea/land containers to storage facilities at the K-25 Site, and sampling of the waste now stored in the 26 drums inside the main process building and the 10 open-top boxes of waste stored outside and adjacent to the building. The third phase will include repackaging and transferral of the 26 drums and 10 boxes of waste to the K-25 Site and placement of the containerized waste into appropriate storage at the K-25 Site. Participants in the fourth phase of activity will demobilize the support and operating facilities from DWI, conduct an on-site evaluation at the K-25 site to verify compliance with storage and other management requirements, prepare a closeout report for the activity assessing the actions, and develop a plan for the final management method for the waste

  8. The Temple of Justice and the Key of David: Anachronism and Authority in the Chichester Seal Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lloyd De Beer

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the early thirteenth century a new seal matrix was made for Chichester Cathedral. At its centre is an anachronistic architectural depiction, engraved underneath with the words “temple of justice”. The matrix’s combination of image and format is unique in English ecclesiastical seals. It is a pointed oval rather than a circle as preferred by other institutions which employed architectural images. This article is an investigation into why these distinctive choices were made. For the first time the seal matrix (in the British Museum is brought together with its counterseal drawn from extant casts and wax seals attached to charters. Doing so reveals that the Chichester seals were artistically based on a seal and counterseal made for Christ Church, Canterbury, between 1155 and 1158. I argue that the architectural image on the Canterbury seal was understood as the first “temple of justice” and that this was related to the teachings and writings of Master Vacarius and John of Salisbury, both of whom worked at Canterbury prior to the production of the seals. The context for the reinterpretation of the Canterbury seals at Chichester coincides with the appointment of Ralph Neville as bishop. Neville’s own episcopal counterseal displays a similar type of image to the cathedral’s counterseal. I suggest that Neville was responsible for commissioning the seals and that through them he promoted a relationship between himself and an Old Testament palace administrator named Eliakim, who was given the Key of David by God. This interpretation relates to Neville’s combined roles as bishop of Chichester and chancellor to the young Henry III, at whose court theocracy was a potent tract amongst the circle of archbishop Stephen Langton. A further and more general point of this article is that Neville and the artist responsible for the seals were able to borrow from the Canterbury seals because of the authority invested in architectural archetypes.

  9. David et al (12)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    -Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Email: honeycrown1@gmail.com. 2 Department of Botany, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3 Department of Biochemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. 8Department of Botany, Federal University Lafia, ...

  10. Suur tehing / Peter David

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    David, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Võimalikust lahendusest Ameerika ja Iraani vahelistes suhetes. Autori mõtte-eksperiment, et USA ja Iraan lõpetavad võistlemise selle üle, kes neist domineerib Lähis-Idas ning lepivad kokku teineteise mõjusfääride tunnustamises

  11. Eesti hirmuvabaks! / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2011-01-01

    Erinevalt parteiliikmetest saab üksikkandidaadina valitu Riigikogus hääletada vabast tahtest lähtudes ja karistushirmu tundmata. Me ei peaks panustama lootusele, et üks inimene osutub paljudest teistest vabamaks ja julgemaks, vaid sellele, et arvamuste väljendamine ja hirmuvaba otsustamine on Eestis norm

  12. David Owen WILLIAMS

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Lidy Williams-Oonk and her children Mark & Marietta, being unable to thank everybody individually, would like to express their sincere thanks to friends and colleagues at CERN and abroad for their great help and support, their messages and flowers, as well as their donations to the Ligue Genevoise contre le Cancer, on the death of their beloved husband and father.

  13. Gross, Prof. David J

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: Animal Sex Determination by Genes, Chromosomes and Environment. Posted on 12th March 2018. SPEAKER: Prof. Jennifer A Marshal Graves. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 13 March 2018 ǀ 1600. Event poster ...

  14. Poleemika / David Elliott

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elliott, David

    1998-01-01

    Stockholmi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumi direktor D. Elliott sellest, kuidas ta inglise kunstiteadlasena tunneb end Rootsi ühe olulise kunstiinstitutsiooni juhina, väljapaistvate kunstiteadlaste rotatsioonist.

  15. David, Dr Joy Caesarina

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: Animal Sex Determination by Genes, Chromosomes and Environment. Posted on 12th March 2018. SPEAKER: Prof. Jennifer A Marshal Graves. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 13 March 2018 ǀ 1600. Event poster ...

  16. Preobrazhenije Kushnera / David Rieff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rieff, David

    2007-01-01

    Üllatuslikult nimetas Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy välisministriks populaarse vasakpoliitiku Bernard Kouchner'i, kes on oma tuntuse saavutanud eelkõige tänu humanitaartööle - ta on üks abiagentuuri Piirideta Arstid asutajaliikmetest, töötanud ÜRO Kosovo haldurina ning humanitaarinterventsiooni tuline pooldaja. Humanitaarinterventsiooni kontseptsioonist

  17. David R Syiemlieh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    His readers have appreciated his presentation of the histories in a style that was his own. His coverage of Indian history spanned many centuries, up to more recent times. Histories he wrote were broad, seminal, fitting into a distinctive school of historiography and were fine works in literature. In more recent times, his studies ...

  18. David Fiander (1931 - 2015)

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    It was with shock and sorrow that we heard that Dave Fiander had passed away on 29 March.    Dave was born in London in 1931 and educated in a number of schools in Wales, finishing up in Swansea. He studied Engineering at Imperial College London – a university which has always enjoyed a premier reputation in the subject. After graduation he worked for several years for the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, where he worked on the production of enriched uranium fuel rods for nuclear power stations. In 1963, he was offered a job at CERN and joined a group in the PS Division headed by Fred Asner and responsible for injection and ejection systems. This was an exciting time for CERN. Europe’s first large synchrotron, the PS, had been completed and had begun to accelerate bunches of protons to a world record energy of 28 GeV. Once accelerated, the 25 bunches of particles circulated at intervals of 110 ns around the 100-metre-radius circle that was the PS accelerato...

  19. Reviews / David J. Smith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, David J.

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Kasekamp, Andres. A history of the Baltic states. Basingstoke (Hampshire) ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Artiklis tutvustatakse raamatut eelkõige kui täielikku ülevaadet Balti riikide postsotsialistlikust edukast arengust ja selle ajaloolistest juurtest

  20. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN in the NE Pacific from 1969-08-20 to 1969-09-17 (NODC Accession 8100360)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity, temperature and Depth probe was used to collect data from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN. The data were collected from NE Pacific (limit-180) over one...

  1. BAROMETRIC PRESSURE and Other Data from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN and Other Platforms From Coastal Waters of California from 1987-04-10 to 1994-05-23 (NODC Accession 9400150)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) and other data were collected in Coastal Waters of California by NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN. Data were collected over a...

  2. History of the Deeds of David, King of the Indies (1221: Latin Text, Russian Translation, and Commentaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Hautala

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article contains the Latin text, its translation into Russian, and commentaries to the so-called “History of the Deeds of David, King of the Indies” contained in the seventh letter of the Catholic Archbishop of Acre, Jacques de Vitry, sent to the West 18th April, 1221. The “History of David” represents the most comprehensive version of the reports, which began to circulate in the Egyptian camp of the V Crusade’s participants starting from January–February 1221. These reports contained mixed description of the military campaigns of Khwarezmshah Ala ad-Din Muhammad II, Naiman khan Kuchlug, and Genghis Khan. Military operations of the last two historical figures were presented as victorious military campaign of the Christian “king David” and, therefore, of a potential ally of the Crusaders.According to Jacques de Vitry, the “History of David” was translated into Latin from the Arabic language after it had been delivered to the Prince of Antioch Bohemond IV by his spies in Muslim countries. Anticipating the text of “History”, Jacques de Vitry reports that the Sultan of al-Jazira, al-Malik al-Ashraf, was unable to send his troops against the Crusaders in connection with the appearance of an unexpected military threat on the eastern borders of his possessions. It is obvious that under this threat the Archbishop of Acre had in mind the emergence of the Mongol troops in Iraq at the end of 1220. According to Jacques de Vitry, the appearance of these reports in the Crusader camp of Damietta had a direct influence on the course of the Fifth Crusade. Crusaders in Damietta noticeably heartened after had learning of the advance of “king David” in the Middle East along with encouraging news about the impending arrival in Egypt of the Emperor Frederick II. Under the influence of these reports and after the arrival of reinforcements of the Bavarian Duke Ludwig I, the papal legate Pelagius made ​​the fateful decision to march

  3. Better to light a candle than curse the darkness: illuminating spatial localization and temporal dynamics of rapid microbial growth in the rhizosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick M Herron

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The rhizosphere is a hotbed of microbial activity in ecosystems, fueled by carbon compounds from plant roots. Basic questions about the location and dynamics of plant-spurred microbial growth in the rhizosphere are difficult to answer with standard, destructive soil assays mixing a multitude of microbe-scale microenvironments in a single, often sieved, sample. Soil microbial biosensors designed with the luxCDABE reporter genes fused to a promoter of interest enable continuous imaging of the microbial perception of (and response to environmental conditions in soil. We used the common soil bacterium Pseudomonas putida KT2440 as host to plasmid pZKH2 containing a fusion between the strong constituitive promoter nptII and luxCDABE (coding for light-emitting proteins from Vibrio fischeri. Experiments in liquid media demonstrated that high light production by KT2440/pZKH2 was associated with rapid microbial growth supported by high carbon availability. We applied the biosensors in microcosms filled with non-sterile soil in which corn (Zea mays L., black poplar (Populus nigra L. or tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. was growing. We detected minimal light production from microbiosensors in the bulk soil, but biosensors reported continuously from around roots for as long as six days. For corn, peaks of luminescence were detected 1-4 and 20-35 mm along the root axis behind growing root tips, with the location of maximum light production moving farther back from the tip as root growth rate increased. For poplar, luminescence around mature roots increased and decreased on a coordinated diel rhythm, but was not bright near root tips. For tomato, luminescence was dynamic, but did not exhibit a diel rhythm, appearing in acropetal waves along roots. KT2440/pZKH2 revealed that root tips are not always the only, or even the dominant, hotspots for rhizosphere microbial growth, and carbon availability is highly variable in space and time around roots.

  4. El éxito de Oslo versus el fracaso de Camp David II: un estudio a partir de las teorías de negociación

    OpenAIRE

    Hoppstock, Julia

    2004-01-01

    Desde su surgimiento, el manejo del conflicto árabe-israelí ha demostrado dos lógicas contrapuestas: una basada en la confianza en la diplomacia y en las negociaciones de paz; y otra consistente en el apoyo a la solución militar, y, por ende, conducente a la guerra. La primera lógica se ha manifestado específicamente en los los Acuerdos de Oslo del 13 de septiembre de 1993, y la segunda ha quedado plasmada en la Cumbre de Camp David II, realizada entre el 11 y 25 de julio de 2000. Dado que en...

  5. Semiosphere and transmedia fiction: Analysis of the migration of David Lynch among six channels of artistic discourse (film, television, photography, painting, music and literature)

    OpenAIRE

    Carrasco-Molina, Enrique

    2017-01-01

    David Lynch es uno de los cineastas más controvertidos del panorama creativo audiovisual mundial. Sus películas y trabajos para otros medios, generan legiones de fans y detractores por doquier. Lo que quizá son poco estudiados son los mecanismos narrativos de los que se vale este creador para hacer migrar su universo común y particular en procesos transmedia simultáneos que confluyen entre al menos seis canales artísticos, el cine, la televisión, la fotografía, la pintura, la música y la lite...

  6. Symbolic strategies regarding sustainability: Federico Guzmán, Ramón David Morales and Miguel Ángel Moreno Carretero

    OpenAIRE

    Andreu-Lara, Carmen; Lara-Barranco, Paco

    2014-01-01

    Un modelo de relación con el territorio que ahonde en lo simbólico y no exclusivamente en lo físico (Careri, 2013) no entra en contradicción con el necesario desarrollo y transformación tecnológica-científica siempre y cuando se realice sin producir un desequilibrio ecológico (Guattari, 1996). Nuestro estudio, cualitativo e interpretativo de la obra de los artistas Federico Guzmán, Ramón David Morales y Miguel Ángel Moreno Carretero, pone en valor sus estrategias creativas por sus contribucio...

  7. Local knowledge, state power, and the science of industrial labor relations: William Leiserson, David Saposs, and American labor economics in the interwar years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jessica

    2010-01-01

    Recent scholarship has frequently emphasized modern states' use of social science to impose universalized conceptions of rationality and order upon diverse, highly localized settings. The New Deal era experiences of William M. Leiserson and David J. Saposs, however, provide an analytical alternative. As students of the pioneering labor economist John R. Commons, Leiserson and Saposs sought to create mechanisms for state oversight of industrial labor relations that recognized local practices and arrangements. Although their approach failed to take hold within the National Labor Relations Board, localized institutional and political contingencies, and not a hegemonic modernism, account best for their frustrated aspirations in the late 1930s. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Celestial Phenomena and Royal Glory: The Painted Ceiling in Ehrenstrahlsalongen by David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl at Drottningholm Palace in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Söderlund, I. E.

    2011-06-01

    This paper explores the relationship of astronomical phenomena and the painted ceiling The Glorious Deeds of Swedish Kings executed around 1694-1696 by the Swedish court painter David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl in the Royal manor Drottningholm, outside Stockholm. The central theme of the painting is how "Reputation" brings the renown of the valour of the Swedish kings to the stars. When Galileo dedicated the moons of Jupiter to the Medici's he used an already established tradition of likening prominent people to celestial phenomena. This paper explores why motifs related to the stars and heavens was considered to be so suitable in the court context in early modern Europe.

  9. Fuel to the nuclear debate : [Rezension von:] Nuclear power in crisis, Andrew Blowers and David Pepper (editors), New York, Nichols; London ..., Croom Helm, 1987

    OpenAIRE

    Renn, Ortwin

    1988-01-01

    Nuclear energy is one of the most popular topics of today’s publication market. The literature about the pros and cons of nuclear power may easily fill a whole library. Is there anything new to add to this voluminous body of arguments and contra-arguments that would justify editing another book on nuclear energy? Andrew Blowers and David Pepper obviously felt that way and published a reader on Nuclear Power in Crisis. The book consists of 13 articles covering mainly the political, social and ...

  10. Rezension zu: David T. Sugimoto (Hrsg.), Transformation of a Goddess. Ishtar – Astarte – Aphrodite, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 263 (Fribourg – Göttingen 2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Bolder-Boos, Marion

    2015-01-01

    Das anzuzeigende Buch ist eine Aufsatzsammlung basierend auf einer internationalen Konferenz, die 2011 an der Keio Universität Tokio stattgefunden hat. Von den insgesamt elf Konferenzbeiträgen sind neun in dieser Sammlung vorgelegt. In seiner Einleitung gibt David Sugimoto die Beweggründe für die Wahl des Themas an und erklärt, weshalb die drei Göttinnen im Buchtitel als eine Göttin dargestellt werden, auch wenn er sogleich einräumt, dass noch weitere Göttinnen – Inanna, Isis, Hathor, Tanit u...

  11. Gossip as a Channel for Circulating Subversive Truth: In Heym's The King David Report, the GDR and the Jardin du Luxembourg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Fishelov

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Chronique du roi David (1991 , Stefan Heym (1913-2001 propose une perspective favorable sur le potin, nonobstant la censure biblique de cette activité (ex : Proverbe 11:13. La réécriture satirique de Heym de l'histoire biblique se concentre sur le personnage d’Ethan, un écrivain-historien nommé par le roi Salomon pour composer un rapport officiel sur la vie et l’arrivée au pouvoir du roi David. À un moment donné les deux fils d’Ethan, Sem et Sheleph, reviennent du marché et racontent à Ethan certaines rumeurs «savoureuses» qu'ils y ont entendues. Ces rumeurs, tandis qu’elles sont un peu exagérées et embellies, fournissent toutefois des aperçus de la situation politique qui sont beaucoup plus fidèles à la vérité que les inventions des porte-parole officiels. Pour justifier le portrait littéraire de Heym du potin comme une voie pour communiquer la vérité subversive dans les régimes autoritaires, je cite la recherche historique systématique de Robert Darnton au sujet des voies diverses pour communiquer les nouvelles de Paris au dix-huitième siècle (Darnton, 2000. In The King David Report (1972, Stefan Heym (1913-2001 offers a favorable view of gossip, notwithstanding biblical censuring of that activity (e.g. Proverb 11:13. Heym's satirical re-telling of the biblical story focuses on the character of Ethan, a writer-historian appointed by King Solomon to compose an official report on the life and rise to power of King David. At one point Ethan's two sons, Shem and Sheleph, come back from the market, telling Ethan of some "juicy" rumors they heard there. These rumors, while using some exaggerations and added embellishments, nevertheless provide insights into the political situation much more faithful to the truth than the fabrications of official spokespersons. To substantiate Heym's literary portrayal of gossip as a channel for communicating subversive truth in authoritarian regimes, I cite Robert Darnton

  12. Jane Eyre de Michael Berkeley et de David Malouf : La transposition opératique d’un grand classique de la littérature anglaise Jane Eyre by Michael Berkeley and David Malouf: The Operatic Rewriting of a Great Classic English Novel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Héberlé

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses Michael Berkeley’s opera Jane Eyre. Premiered on June 30, 2000 by Music Theatre Wales at the Cheltenham International Festival of Music, this opera is based on the novel by Charlotte Brontë and the libretto is written by the Australian poet, novelist, playwright and librettist, David Malouf. It was risky and daring to try to adapt this famous and long novel for the stage. We will particularly focus on the similarities and differences between the novel and the opera as well as on the strategies used both by David Malouf and Michael Berkeley to adapt it. Through the analysis of the similarities we will see how Michael Berkeley set to music some of the great themes and elements of the novel: passion, a sense of entrapment, the “Gothic” atmosphere. On the other hand, the analysis of the discrepancies between the novel and the opera as they appear in both the libretto and the music will lead us to a modern apprehension of the characterization of madness as well as of the metafictional dimension of the rewriting of Jane Eyre by David Malouf and Michael Berkeley.  

  13. The Dynamics of Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsson, Nils; Rasche, Andreas; Seidl, David

    2012-01-01

    This paper suggests that when the phenomenon of standards and standardization is examined from the perspective of organization studies, three aspects stand out: the standardization of organizations, standardization by organizations and standardization as (a form of) organization. Following a comp...

  14. OS LIMITES DO ‘DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL’ E AS POSSIBILIDADES ABERTAS PELA ABORDAGEM DIALÉTICA PROPOSTA POR DAVID HARVEY PARA COMPREENDER UMA REGIÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Faé

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é fundamentar a escolha pela perspectiva teórica do materialismo histórico-geográfico, desenvolvida pelo geógrafo David Harvey para compreender uma região. Para tanto, apresentamos e discutimos também os referenciais predominantes nas análises sobre regiões, com o intuito de demonstrar os limites desses referenciais e as possibilidades abertas pela perspectiva de Harvey. Assim, apresentamos alguns dos principais conceitos que têm orientado as ações de governos dos mais diversos matizes; a abordagem de David Harvey bem como seus pressupostos teóricos e históricos; e uma análise comparativa em que demonstramos as limitações dos referenciais predominantes e as possibilidades da perspectiva do último autor. Ao final, conclui-se que o materialismo histórico-geográfico permite compreender que as dinâmicas sociais e econômicas de uma região se caracterizam em processos conflituosos e contraditórios e resultam em uma configuração regional específica e transitória.

  15. LA(S IDENTIDAD(ES MAPUCHE(S DESDE LA CIUDAD GLOBAL EN MAPURBE VENGANZA A RAÍZ DE DAVID ANIÑIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Barros Cruz

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza el poemario Mapurbe venganza a raíz de David Aniñir, una obra en la cual la identidad étnica mapuche es resignificada por un nuevo escenario de escritura: la ciudad de Santiago de la era global. Desde esta perspectiva, se examina la experiencia de la globalización de los mapuches asentados en los bordes de la ciudad, temática que constituye un nuevo hito poético en el campo literario de esta etnia.This article is an analysis ofthe poetical work Mapurbe venganza a raíz, by David Aniñir, where Mapuche ethnic identity is given a new meaning, thanks to a new writing scenary: the city of Santiago in the global era. From this perspective, I examine the experience of globalization for the Mapuche people settled on the margins ofthe city, a thematic that constitutes a new poetry milestone in the literary field of this ethnic group.

  16. La analogía sociobiológica del desarrollo de la ciencia, la epistemología evolucionista de David Hull

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz G., Rosaura

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The eminent philosopher of biology, David Hull has proposed that a "general theory of evolution" can be advanced that would account for the evolution of organisms as well as for the evolution of scientific knowledge. According to Hull, competition among scientists plays in conceptual evolution a similar essential role as competition among organisms plays in biological evolution. Hull uses the sociobiology tradition to explain the apparently altruistic behavior of scientists in the search for knowledge.

    David Hull, uno de los filósofos de la biología más destacados en la actualidad, propone una "Teoría general de evolución" que, afirma, explica tanto la evolución de los seres vivos como el desarrollo del conocimiento científico. En el caso de la evolución conceptual, Hull sostiene que la competencia entre científicos juega un papel esencial en el avance de la ciencia, de manera similar a lo que ocurre en la evolución biológica. Entre otras cuestiones Hull recupera la tradición de la sociobiología para la explicación del comportamiento aparentemente altruista de los científicos en la búsqueda del conocimiento.

  17. The Chemical History of a Candle

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . " - J T Desaguliers (1683-1744) in his book. Course of Experimental Philosophy. Michael Faraday, who had little schooling but excellent education during his tenure as assistant to the famous Humphry Davy, went on to become one of the ...

  18. DE LA UNANIMIDAD SENTIMENTAL A LA INTERACCIÓN DISCURSIVA: UNA INTERPRETACIÓN DE SOBRE LA NORMA DEL GUSTO DE DAVID HUME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Quintana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende mostrar que en su ensayo Sobre la norma del gusto David Hume va más allá de una explicación causal y de una fundamentación universalista del gusto, para sugerir una concepción contextual y dialógica del consenso en asuntos estéticos. Así, en contraste con la mayoría de los intérpretes, se defenderá que en este texto no prevalece el punto de vista dominante en las teorías estéticas del siglo XVIII, sino que junto a éste se presenta un enfoque alternativo.

  19. The Liberating Role of Astronomy in an Old Farmer's Almanac: David Rittenhouse's "Useful Knowledge" and a Benjamin Banneker Almanac for 1792

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Theodore, Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Traditionally, astronomy met theology and political ethics in almanacs. As presented in early New England almanacs of the farmer's type, astronomy was deity-affirming and liberty-oriented. The old English label for astronomy that affirms theology was "Astro-theology" (William Derham, 1715). The New England rendering of astro-theology was so strongly oriented towards liberty that it can now be labeled astro-liberation theology. This 21st century label is appropriate because 18th century New England printers and astronomers used astronomy to demonstrate the glory of the Creator (astro-theology) and to encourage liberation from colonialism and slavery (astro-liberation theology). A philosophy of astronomy as "useful knowledge' expressed by David Rittenhouse in 1775 - and implicit in a Benjamin Banneker almanac for 1792 - included liberty-oriented visions of planet Earth as seen from outer space, and liberty-oriented visions of intelligent life on other planets orbiting other stars.

  20. Slow reception and under-citedness in climate change research: A case study of Charles David Keeling, discoverer of the risk of global warming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Werner; Haunschild, Robin; French, Bernie; Bornmann, Lutz

    2017-01-01

    The Keeling curve has become a chemical landmark, whereas the papers by Charles David Keeling about the underlying carbon dioxide measurements are not cited as often as can be expected against the backdrop of his final approval. In this bibliometric study, we analyze Keeling's papers as a case study for under-citedness of climate change publications. Three possible reasons for the under-citedness of Keeling's papers are discussed: (1) The discourse on global cooling at the starting time of Keeling's measurement program, (2) the underestimation of what is often seen as "routine science", and (3) the amount of implicit/informal citations at the expense of explicit/formal (reference-based) citations. Those reasons may have contributed more or less to the slow reception and the under-citedness of Keeling's seminal works.

  1. David Trumbull, entre masonería y protestantismo: la conformación del frente anticlerial en Chile a fines del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Castro Arcos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es caracterizar la figura del Pastor Protestante David Trumbull en la configuración del Frente anticlerical chileno de fines del siglo XIX. Se analizan los planteamientos fundamentales de Trumbull, respecto a la vinculación Política-Religión en temáticas críticas de época, como lo fueron la búsqueda de la Libertad de Culto y la participación de lo protestante en la construcción del Chile republicano. Es considerada la interrelación entre Masonería y Protestantismo a través de la figura de Trumbull, como un articulador de perspectivas doctrinalmente contradictorias, pero instrumentalmente posibles de ser ensambladas por causa de un objetivo común, la implementación del ideario liberal.

  2. THE “POLETHICS” OF THE MEDIATED/TIZED SPECTATOR IN THE GLOBAL-TECHNOLOGIZED AGE: DAVID GREIG’S THEATRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Rodríguez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary Scottish playwright David Greig’s dramaturgy has been concerned with the massive changes wrought across the world by neoliberal globalization in the last two decades. A political triple turn comprising ethics, the media and the spectator, and a shift between the notion “‘mediatized’ reiterative ‘expectator’” to “mediated performing spectator” within the “polethic” frame of ‘relationality’ in Greig’s works are argued in this article. It is further argued that the plays examined (Damascus, The American Pilot, Brewers Fayre and Fragile use productive strategies like diffusion, reversibility and interchangeability, which foreground the asymmetries of the global/technologized age “polethically” mediating the global performing spectator.

  3. O futuro do jornalismo e a mudança na cultura profissional a partir da visão etnográfica de David M. Ryfe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Kalume Maranhão

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tratar do futuro do jornalismo e dos fatores que levaram jornalistas a não reagirem diante da mudança é o objetivo do trabalho etnográfico empreendido por David M. Ryfe em Can Journalism Survive? An Inside Look At American Newsrooms. Ao longo de 220 páginas, o autor aborda os fatores pelos quais jornais norte-americanos não conseguiram lidar com as alterações causadas pelo desenvolvimento tecnológico. A obra apresenta uma reflexão sobre os significados da prática profissional do jornalismo, propondo um enredo que aponta o modo como a industria dos jornais e os jornalistas atuam na contemporaneidade.

  4. ‘The Solution to his Own Enigma’: Connecting the Life of Montague David Eder (1865–1936), Socialist, Psychoanalyst, Zionist and Modern Saint1

    Science.gov (United States)

    THOMSON, MATHEW

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the career of pioneer British psychoanalyst David Eder (1865–1936). Credited by Freud as the first practising psychoanalyst in England, active in early British socialism and then a significant figure in Zionism in post-war Palestine, and in between an adventurer in South America, a pioneer in the field of school medicine, and a writer on shell-shock, Eder is a strangely neglected figure in existing historiography. The connections between his interest in medicine, psychoanalysis, socialism and Zionism are also explored. In doing so, this article contributes to our developing understanding of the psychoanalytic culture of early twentieth-century Britain, pointing to its shifting relationship to broader ideology and the practical social and political challenges of the period. The article also reflects on the challenges for both Eder’s contemporaries and his biographers in making sense of such a life. PMID:23752865

  5. Towards a new vision of economic policy: Discussion around the new paradigm proposed by David Romer in “Keynesian macroeconomics without the LM curve”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Leonardo Penagos Rozo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available New Keynesians (NK refer to an advanced posture compared to the traditional paradigm of the IS-LM equilibrium, which, as a tool, satisfied economic policy explanations for the moment. The model had critics like be considered not to have microeconomic foundations, among others. Perhaps at the times presented: Keynes, in 1936, with the General Theory, Hicks, in 1937, with Mr. Keynes and the classics; Samuelson in 1948 and subsequent years, with his work Economy, it provided important elements in the balance. However, a new approach was needed for the Twenty-First Century, and it is the one proposed by David Romer. The purpose of this article is to make an initial review for understanding how some aspects of economic policy are linked as elements of economic growth.

  6. From David Walker to President Obama: Tropes of the Founding Fathers in African American Discourses of Democracy, or The Legacy of Ishmael

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth J. West

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available More than a century after the Emancipation Proclamation, in a society that still others blackness, we continue to hold to the mythical humanizing power of literacy. In our own time this has been poignantly evinced in the public reception of the current President of the United States, Barack Obama. He has been internationally hailed for his written and oral eloquence, and many Americans expected that Obama’s evident intellectual prowess would reverse prevailing stereotypes of black inferiority. Obama’s rhetorical success is rooted in the longstanding literary practice of invoking the mythical founding fathers to validate text and subject. In this regard, David Walker’s Appeal (1829 represents the emergence of a long tradition of black voices invoking America’s most sacred patriarchs and their rhetoric of Americanness.

  7. Connla's well: An exploration of similar elements of ancient Celtic perspectives and David Bohm's theories in quantum physics from a Jungian perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciel, Duan

    This dissertation addresses the common elements between ancient Celtic mystical doctrines and philosophy and David Bohm's unique theories in quantum physics through a Jungian lens, using research based in dialogical hermeneutics. The premise of this dissertation is that psi, or the probability wave function of quantum physics, and its world of potentia are the same entities as Jung's objective psyche (or collective unconscious) and its domain, the unus mundus. In addition, the study explores the remarkable similarity between the ancient Celts' Otherworld, quantum physics' world of potentia, and Jung's unus mundus. These similarities argue for an in-depth Jungian analysis of this important but largely neglected mythology. The study explores the supposition, based partially on physicist David Bohm's theories of the implicate and explicate orders, that the above world of potentia intertwines with our three-dimensional world in a reciprocal creativity, designed to enhance both worlds. The study further advocates a greater emphasis on the creative arts therapies in the therapeutic situation, based on the above reciprocity. It is argued that this emphasis on creativity in the temenos may activate a profound "quantum leap" of insight in the analysand, most likely due to the reciprocity in which the objective psyche responds uniquely to the particular and individual creativity offered in order to heal the personal psyche. As we creatively access the objective psyche, that entity responds in kind, giving us new understanding and allowing us to change our attitudes and to further individuation, which in turn enhances the objective psyche. In addition, a psyche of reality is postulated in which Jung's concept of the objective psyche is expanded from the collective unconscious of humankind to a collective unconscious of All That Is, reflecting the findings in quantum physics that our universe is self-aware, organic, and holistic rather than mechanical and fragmented.

  8. Standards for Standardized Logistic Regression Coefficients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menard, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Standardized coefficients in logistic regression analysis have the same utility as standardized coefficients in linear regression analysis. Although there has been no consensus on the best way to construct standardized logistic regression coefficients, there is now sufficient evidence to suggest a single best approach to the construction of a…

  9. Lesungen für Segnungsfeiern gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare, queer ausgelegt : Jonathans Zusage der Lebensgemeinschaft an David (1 Sam 18,1-4) und Ruths Treueschwur gegenüber Noomi (Ruth 1,14-17)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hügel, K.; Krebs, A.

    2016-01-01

    (1) In den biblischen Kontexten von 1 Sam 18,1-4 und Ruth 1,14-17 kommen keine reinen Paarbeziehungen, sondern nur Mehrfachbeziehungen vor. Das verweist auf ein Verständnis von Ehe und Hochzeit, welches sich von unserem heutigen unterscheidet. (2) In der ersten Begegnung zwischen David und Jonathan

  10. Humans, Animals and the World We Inhabit--On and beyond the Symposium "Second Nature, 'Bildung' and McDowell: David Bakhurst's 'The Formation of Reason'"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misawa, Koichiro

    2017-01-01

    David Bakhurst's 2011 book "The Formation of Reason" explores the philosophy of John McDowell in general and the Aristotelian notion of second nature more specifically, topics to which philosophers of education have not yet given adequate attention. The book's widespread appeal led to the symposium "Second Nature, Bildung and…

  11. The genesis of an ‘interesting’ and important social and environmental accounting conversation: Celebrating the contribution of professor David Owen to social and environmental accounting and auditing (SEAA) research and practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O'Dwyer, B.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reflects on the nature of ‘interesting’ research in the context of the contributions Professor David Owen has made to the social and environmental accounting and auditing (SEAA) research field over his academic career. The paper reviews some of Professor Owen's key research themes and

  12. Roberto Bolaño's fiction: An expanding universe; David Foster Wallace and ‘The long thing’: new essays on the novels; The Maximalist novel: from Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's rainbow to Roberto Bolaño's 2666

    OpenAIRE

    Ward, Kiron

    2015-01-01

    Review Essay: \\ud Chris Andrews, Roberto Bolaño's Fiction: An Expanding Universe \\ud Marshall Boswell ed., David Foster Wallace and ‘The Long Thing’: New Essays on the Novels \\ud Stefano Ercolino, The Maximalist Novel: From Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow to Roberto Bolaño's 2666

  13. Malaysian NDT standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khazali Mohd Zin

    2001-01-01

    In order to become a developed country, Malaysia needs to develop her own national standards. It has been projected that by the year 2020, Malaysia requires about 8,000 standards (Department of Standard Malaysia). Currently more than 2,000 Malaysian Standards have been gazette by the government which considerably too low before tire year 2020. NDT standards have been identified by the standard working group as one of the areas to promote our national standards. In this paper the author describes the steps taken to establish the Malaysian very own NDT standards. The project starts with the establishment of radiographic standards. (Author)

  14. The International Standards Organisation offshore structures standard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Snell, R.O.

    1994-01-01

    The International Standards Organisation has initiated a program to develop a suite of ISO Codes and Standards for the Oil Industry. The Offshore Structures Standard is one of seven topics being addressed. The scope of the standard will encompass fixed steel and concrete structures, floating structures, Arctic structures and the site specific assessment of mobile drilling and accommodation units. The standard will use as base documents the existing recommended practices and standards most frequently used for each type of structure, and will develop them to incorporate best published and recognized practice and knowledge where it provides a significant improvement on the base document. Work on the Code has commenced under the direction of an internationally constituted sub-committee comprising representatives from most of the countries with a substantial offshore oil and gas industry. This paper outlines the background to the code and the format, content and work program

  15. Evaluation of a Structured Predeparture Orientation at the David Geffen School of Medicine's Global Health Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbst de Cortina, Sasha; Arora, Gitanjli; Wells, Traci; Hoffman, Risa M

    2016-03-01

    Given the lack of a standardized approach to medical student global health predeparture preparation, we evaluated an in-person, interactive predeparture orientation (PDO) at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) to understand program strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement. We administered anonymous surveys to assess the structure and content of the PDO and also surveyed a subset of students after travel on the utility of the PDO. We used Fisher's exact test to evaluate the association between prior global health experience and satisfaction with the PDO. One hundred and five students attended the PDO between 2010 and 2014 and completed the survey. One hundred and four students (99.0%) reported learning new information. Major strengths included faculty mentorship (N = 38, 19.7%), opportunities to interact with the UCLA global health community (N = 34, 17.6%), and sharing global health experiences (N = 32, 16.6%). Of students surveyed after their elective, 94.4% (N = 51) agreed or strongly agreed that the PDO provided effective preparation. Students with prior global health experience found the PDO to be as useful as students without experience (92.7% versus 94.4%, P = 1.0). On the basis of these findings, we believe that a well-composed PDO is beneficial for students participating in global health experiences and recommend further comparative studies of PDO content and delivery. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  16. What is "Standard" About the Standard Deviation

    OpenAIRE

    Newberger, Florence; Safer, Alan M.; Watson, Saleem

    2010-01-01

    The choice of the formula for standard deviation is explained in elementary statistics textbooks in various ways. We give an explanation for this formula by representing the data as a vector in $\\mathbb R^n$ and considering its distance from a central tendency vector. In this setting the "standard" formula represents a shortest distance in the standard metric. We also show that different metrics lead to different measures of central tendency.

  17. Standard Reference Tables -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Standard Reference Tables (SRT) provide consistent reference data for the various applications that support Flight Standards Service (AFS) business processes and...

  18. Pengukuran Tingkat Efisiensi Bank Syariah dan Bank Konvensional di Indonesia dengan Formula David Cole’s Roe For Bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bachruddin Bachruddin

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed to analyze the difference in the rate of efficiency between the group of Syariah Bank with the group of conventional Banks in Indonesia during 2003 and 2004. To analyze the rate of efficiency indicated by the Rate of Return (ROE, the research uses three factors namely Profit Margin (PM, Asset Utilization (AU and Equity Multiplier (EM. The research was based on secondary data consisted of finan¬cial reports collected from the said two group of banks, comprising 4 Syariah Bank and 4 Conventional Banks, for the period of 2003 and 2004.The tools of analysis used in the research consisted of two methods. The first was variance test analy¬sis for the average of ROE between the two groups of banks. The second was regression analysis applied for each group of banks. In this model, the factors i.e. PM, AU and EM were estimated to influence the ROE.The result of the research showed that the ROE of Syariah Bank was significantly difference with the ROE of Conventional Banks. In this result the standard deviation of ROE of Syariah Banks was smaller than con¬ventional banks. Further, the result indicated that PM, AU and EM of Syariah Bank were significantly influenced to ROE. Meanwhile, the three factors were not significantly influenced to ROE of Conventional Banks.In order to get the better result in the next research of this topic, the number of samples should be greater and it is suggested to apply the other method of analysis like discriminate analysis. Further, the period of empirical study should be longer at least five years.Keywords: rate of efficiency, profit margin, asset utilization, equity multiplier, bank syariah

  19. David valve-sparing aortic root replacement: equivalent mid-term outcome for different valve types with or without connective tissue disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvitting, John-Peder Escobar; Kari, Fabian A; Fischbein, Michael P; Liang, David H; Beraud, Anne-Sophie; Stephens, Elizabeth H; Mitchell, R Scott; Miller, D Craig

    2013-01-01

    Although implicitly accepted by many that the durability of valve-sparing aortic root replacement in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease and connective tissue disorders will be inferior, this hypothesis has not been rigorously investigated. From 1993 to 2009, 233 patients (27% bicuspid aortic valve, 40% Marfan syndrome) underwent Tirone David valve-sparing aortic root replacement. Follow-up averaged 4.7 ± 3.3 years (1102 patient-years). Freedom from adverse outcomes was determined using log-rank calculations. Survival at 5 and 10 years was 98.7% ± 0.7% and 93.5% ± 5.1%, respectively. Freedom from reoperation (all causes) on the aortic root was 92.2% ± 3.6% at 10 years; 3 reoperations were aortic valve replacement owing to structural valve deterioration. Freedom from structural valve deterioration at 10 years was 96.1% ± 2.1%. No significant differences were found in survival (P = .805, P = .793, respectively), reoperation (P = .179, P = .973, respectively), structural valve deterioration (P = .639, P = .982, respectively), or any other functional or clinical endpoints when patients were stratified by valve type (tricuspid aortic valve vs bicuspid aortic valve) or associated connective tissue disorder. At the latest echocardiographic follow-up (95% complete), 202 patients (94.8%) had none or trace aortic regurgitation, 10 (4.7%) mild, 0 had moderate to severe, and 1 (0.5%) had severe aortic regurgitation. Freedom from greater than 2+ aortic regurgitation at 10 years was 95.3% ± 2.5%. Six patients sustained acute type B aortic dissection (freedom at 10 years, 90.4% ± 5.0%). Tirone David reimplantation valve-sparing aortic root replacement in carefully selected young patients was associated with excellent clinical and echocardiographic outcome in patients with either a tricuspid aortic valve or bicuspid aortic valve. No demonstrable adverse influence was found for Marfan syndrome or connective tissue disorder on durability, clinical outcome

  20. Standardization and the European Standards Organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Orviska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Standardization is a relatively neglected aspect of the EU regulatory process and yet it is fundamental to that process and arguably has recently been the key vehicle in making the single market an economic reality. Yet the key standardization bodies in the EU, the ESOs, are scarcely known to the public and seldom discussed in the literature. In this article we redress this imbalance, arguing that standardization and integration are closely related concepts. We also argue that the ESOs have developed a degree of autonomy in expanding the boundaries of standardization and even in developing their own links with the rest of the world. Recent proposals put forward by the European Commission can be seen as an attempt to reduce that autonomy. These proposals emphasize the speed of, and stakeholder involvement in, standards production, which we further suggest are somewhat conflicting aims.

  1. Standards for holdup measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zucker, M.S.

    1982-01-01

    Holdup measurement, needed for material balance, depend intensively on standards and on interpretation of the calibration procedure. More than other measurements, the calibration procedure using the standard becomes part of the standard. Standards practical for field use and calibration techniques have been developed. While accuracy in holdup measurements is comparatively poor, avoidance of bias is a necessary goal

  2. HUME, DAVID. Diálogos sobre a Religião Natural. Tradução de Bruna Frascolla Bloise. Salvador: Edufba, 2016.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Fonseca Ribeiro Balieiro

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Os Diálogos sobre a Religião Naturalestão, certamente, entre as obras mais conhecidas de David Hume. Dividido em doze partes, o texto examina, por meio de um diálogo entre o místico Demea, o deísta Cleantes e o cético Filo, diversos argumentos acerca da existência e da suposta natureza da divindade. Trata-se de publicação que gerou enorme controvérsia. Hume afirma, em carta de 10 de março de 1751 a Sir Gilbert Elliot, que faz de Cleantes “o herói” da história. Ainda, em outra correspondência, remetida em 8 de junho de 1776 a William Strahan, seu editor, Hume pretende convencê-lo a publicar os Diálogos, não sem apresentar a ressalva de que, ainda que o cético seja silenciado ao final, a obra apresenta, antes disso, tópicos que poderiam gerar comoção.

  3. Intestinal Parasites and Nutritional Status in Children under 14 years of age at the Paediatric Hospital David Bernardino in Luanda, Angola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelina Barros

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in a paediatric population aged from 0 to 14 years old, hospitalized in the Paediatric Hospital David Bernardino in Luanda (HPDBL, and its association with nutritional status. The study involved 64 children admitted in the wards of "undernutrition" and "general". Detection of intestinal parasites in faecal samples was assessed by fresh examination stained with Lugol, as used at the HPDBL. The evaluation of nutritional status of children in HPDBL included clinical, biochemical and anthropometric parameters. Out of the 64 children analyzed, six (9.3% were infected with Giardia lamblia (6.3%, Ascaris lumbricoides (1.6% and Hymenolepis diminuta (1.6%. These cases of parasitism were more common in children over three years and hospitalized in the general ward. Regarding nutritional status, the majority (56.3% had some kind of nutritional deficiency (body weight below 70%, oedema in both legs, severe thinness, which were more frequent in females (55.6% and in children under 24 months (77.7%. About 92.2% of children admitted were from suburban areas of Luanda presenting greater vulnerability to parasitic infections and other diseases owing to households conditions, with a majority without piped water. However, no evidence has been encountered in this population sample of an association between intestinal parasites and malnutrition throughout the present study.

  4. Qual a origem de nossas ideias? O processo cognitivo de associação de ideias segundo a metodologia empirista de David Hume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Olivier da Silva

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho aborda o processo de conhecimento da natureza humana, mais especificamente o processo mental de associação de ideias, tendo como referência a metodologia empirista proposta por David Hume. Com base nessa metodologia, indaga-se como a investigação filosófico-científica pode explicar a origem das ideias e o seu processo associativo: como, afinal, a mente humana processa suas ideias? Para responder a indagação, pretende-se analisar a abordagem descritiva do empirismo proposto por Hume, com o objetivo de auferir as percepções da natureza humana a partir da distinção entre impressões e ideias. As impressões sensíveis desempenham um importante papel na formação das ideias, pois são percepções mais vinculadas a elementos empíricos e, em razão disso, mais fortes, vívidas e intensas, ao ponto de impulsionar o processo associativo de ideias na natureza humana. Toda ideia deriva sempre de uma impressão – eis o célebre princípio do empirismo que ainda hoje continua a servir de base para as ciências empíricas.

  5. In response to David Greenwood's `Place mobility and faculty life: mindfulness through change' through the lens of science teacher education programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyaema, Mary K.

    2017-06-01

    In writing this review, I draw on the experience of David Greenwood (Cult Stud Sci Educ 10:5-16, 2015) whose ethnographic study sheds light on his growth as a faculty member who has taught in various settings that are quite different from the culture that he grew up with. I extend his thoughts on ecological mindfulness to encompass a culturally aware method of teaching based on place sensitized more to the needs of science teacher preparation programs. The methods used in writing the review included literature searches for articles that incorporate ecological mindfulness and culturally responsive teaching in science teacher preparation programs and reflected ideas voiced in Greenwood's article. Although he seems that he is primarily addressing other faculty members, his experiences can be used as lifelong lessons for preservice teachers entering a primarily homogeneous workforce expected to teach an increasingly diverse student population. His humor, use of Haiku, poetry and mindfulness as a way of becoming one with a culture that he is not accustomed has many lessons that prove useful in training more culturally responsive teachers. In light of an increasingly diverse US student population versus a stagnantly homogeneous teaching workforce, his reflective practice will prove useful to teachers who are expected to teach students with cultures different from their own.

  6. A Educação Médica entre mapas e âncoras: a aprendizagem significativa de David Ausubel, em busca da Arca Perdida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Patrícia Gomes

    Full Text Available O processo de aprendizagem tem motivado, desde a Antigüidade, intensos debates. Dentre as diferentes teorias propostas tem ganho relevância, nos séculos XX e XXI, a concepção cognitivista de David Ausubel, na qual se assume que os mecanismos do aprender são mais eficientes em situações nas quais o estudante consegue, utilizando conhecimentos prévios, agregar e incorporar significado aos novos conteúdos, evitando-se, assim, que esse conhecimento recém-incorporado seja armazenado, por meio de associações ineptas, à estrutura cognitiva. No âmbito da educação médica, diante das imperiosas mudanças necessárias para a formação de um profissional que aprenda a aprender, a aprendizagem significativa permite uma genuína contextualização dos conhecimentos necessários à prática médica, facultando, portanto, um aprendizado mais efetivo e permitindo a atuação em um contexto complexo e interdisciplinar. Em conformidade com o exposto, o presente manuscrito objetiva apresentar a teoria da aprendizagem significativa, discutindo elementos da incorporação deste conceito à educação médica.

  7. Re-membering the Bard : David Greig’s and Liz Lochhead’sRe-visionary Reminiscences of “The Tempest”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elena Capitani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Tempest (1611 is one of those Shakespearean texts which have been adopted and adapted most frequently. This article explores two early Nineties appropriations of the Bard’s romance, that is David Greig’s unpublished monologue A Savage Reminiscence or (How to Snare the Nimble Marmoset, first performed in 1991, and Liz Lochhead’s The Magic Island, a rewriting of The Tempest for seven- to eleven-year-olds, first staged in 1993. Even if they differ from a variety of points of view, both Scottish Tempests retell the Shakespearean narrative through the lens of memory. In Greig’s appropriation, after being left alone on the island, a guilty Caliban recollects some past events – in particular his rape of Miranda – from his own marginalised perspective. Similarly, Lochhead’s The Magic Island, which adapts Shakespeare’s play to the needs and taste of a young audience by focusing on the theme of friendship, reconstructs the story retrospectively through the eyes of Prospero’s daughter. Through a web of intertextual references interwoven with contemporary echoes, Greig and Lochhead re-member and dismember their source problematizing any unimaginative subscription to the Shakespearean canon.

  8. Stepping backwards with disability humor? The case of NY Gov. David Paterson’s representation on ‘Saturday Night Live’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beth Haller

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the modern era, discerning TV viewers know the shows that trade in cheap laughs by making fun of people with disabilities are not tapping into much creativity. So it was a surprise in 2008 when the highly regarded comedy show Saturday Night Live (SNL stooped to that level by ridiculing the blind governor of New York, David Paterson, in a series of sketches lasting two years. This article analyzes the way humor narratives about a high-profile blind politician on television, like those depicted in the SNL skits, may have influenced larger cultural themes about blindness. Because the East Coast news media reported on the SNL skits every time an episode aired, this project undertook a textual analysis of all aspects of the controversy including the content of the SNL skits, the repeated responses from Gov. Paterson and the blindness community, and the news media framing of the SNL-Paterson skit story. This analysis examines the intertextuality of the event, revealing that the blindness community had a very different reading of the SNL skits, due to concerns about continuing media narratives that devalue and stereotype them.   Keywords: blindness, disability humor, TV comedy shows, skit comedy, politicians

  9. The University of Chicago contribution to the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease and its complications: a tribute to David B. Skinner 1935-2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Christina L; Worrell, Stephanie G; Patti, Marco G; DeMeester, Tom R

    2015-03-01

    To highlight the contributions from the University of Chicago under the leadership of Dr David B. Skinner to the understanding of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its complications. The invention of the esophagoscope confirmed that GERD was a premorbid condition. The medical world was divided between those who believed in a morphological lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and those who did not. Those who did not believe attempted to rearrange the anatomy of the foregut organs to stop reflux with minimal success. The discovery of the LES focused attention on the sphincter as the main deterrent to reflux and the hope that measurement of a low LES pressure would mark the presence of GERD. This turned out not to be so. In July 1973, with this history of confusion, Dr Skinner at the age of 36 assumed the chair of surgery at the University of Chicago. The publications of the University of Chicago's esophageal group were collected from private and public (PubMed) databases, reviewed, and seminal contributions selected. Twenty-four-hour esophageal pH monitoring led to the understanding of the LES, its contribution to GERD, and the complication of Barrett's esophagus. The relationship of Barrett's to adenocarcinoma was clarified. The rising incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma led to contributions in the staging of esophageal cancer and its treatment with an en bloc resection. Ten years after the death of Dr Skinner, we can appreciate the monumental contributions to benign and malignant esophageal disease under his leadership.

  10. Scholar – Fictionist – Memoirist: David Lodge’s Documentary (Self-Biography in Quite a Good Time to be Born: 1935–1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusek Robert

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade or so, David Lodge has become not only a reader but also an avid practitioner of “fact-based writing” - be it the biographical novel (The Master of 2004 and A Man of Parts 2011, the autobiographical novel (Deaf Sentence of 2008, the biographical essay (Lives in Writing of 2014 and - finally - a proper autobiography (Quite a Good Time to Be Born of 2015. The aim of this paper is to analyse Lodge’s recent turn to life narratives and, in particular, his autobiographical story of 2015; and, consequently, to address the following questions: Does Lodge’s memoir offer “an experiment in autobiography” (to quote H.G. Wells, one of Lodge’s favourites, or remain a conventional life story immune to the tenets of contemporary life writing? Is it the work of a (self- historian, or a novelist? Does it belong to the “regime of truth,” or is it the product of memory? Finally, is it, indeed, a memoir (as its subtitle claims, or a specimen of self-biography? The paper will show special interest in the work’s generic characteristics and will offer an attempt to locate Quite a Good Time to Be Born on the map of contemporary life writing practices.

  11. Collaboration Between Multistakeholder Standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasche, Andreas; Maclean, Camilla

    Public interest in corporate social responsibility (CSR) has resulted in a wide variety of multistakeholder CSR standards in which companies can choose to participate. While such standards reflect collaborative governance arrangements between public and private actors, the market for corporate...... responsibility is unlikely to support a great variety of partly competing and overlapping standards. Increased collaboration between these standards would enhance both their impact and their adoption by firms. This report examines the nature, benefits, and shortcomings of existing multistakeholder standards...

  12. Long-term outcome after the original and simple modified technique of valve-sparing aortic root reimplantation in Marfan-based population, David V University of Tokyo modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ando, Masahiko; Yamauchi, Haruo; Morota, Tetsuro; Taketani, Tsuyoshi; Shimada, Shogo; Nawata, Kan; Umeki, Akihide; Ono, Minoru

    2016-01-01

    In valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSARR), how to reproduce Valsalva sinus has been an issue. In the original David V procedure, they put plication stitches at sinotubular junction level, although the reefing effect is limited and distal graft remains larger than native. Other modified techniques are two-grafts technique and ready-made Valsalva graft. However, the former needs graft-graft anastomosis and may not be cost-effective, while in the latter, the shape of sinus is fixed and minor adjustment is difficult. David V University of Tokyo modification (David V-UT) is our original solution to that, creating pseudosinus with one straight graft by longitudinal size-reduction running sutures above each pseudosinus. The purpose of the present study is to investigate long-term outcome of David V-UT. We analyzed 59 David V-UT patients from February 2004 to February 2013 and long-term outcomes were investigated by Kaplan-Meier methods. Risk factors for adverse events "death or recurrent aortic insufficiency (AI) with or without aortic valve reoperation" were analyzed by using Cox proportional hazard models. Mean age was 33.1±14.5 years, and 38 patients (64%) were male. Marfan syndrome (MFS) accounts for 47 patients (80%). Only one patient was with bicuspid aortic valve. No in-hospital mortality was observed. Mean follow-up was 4.9±2.4 years. Estimated survival was 94.0±3.4% at 5 years. Freedoms from aortic valve reoperation and recurrent AI greater than mild were 95.7±3.0% and 88.9±4.7% at 5 years, respectively. In Cox proportional hazard analysis, preoperative AI greater than mild and Z score of annular diameter were significant risks for adverse events (p=0.027 and 0.045, hazard ratio 6.084 and 1.432, 95% C.I. 1.225-30.21 and 1.008-2.035, respectively). Even in Marfan-characterized population, David V-UT provided satisfactory long-term outcome, comparable to other VSARR modifications. It is simple but can freely reproduce trilobed sinus with one straight

  13. Standard/Handbook for Multipactor Breakdown Prevention in Spacecraft Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-28

    The Boeing Company Preston Partridge, The Aerospace Corporation Mike Settember, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Jian Xu, Aeroflex Incorporated A...richard.fink@nro.mil NRO Bruce Flanick bruce.flanick@ngc.com Northrop Grumman Mike Floyd Mike.Floyd@gdc4s.com General Dynamics David Ford david.ford

  14. Standards, Standards, Standards: The Unintended Consequences of Widening Participation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Mary

    2002-01-01

    Debate over widening access to higher education is narrowing to a focus on preservation of standards. Examination of the discourses of school policy, classroom environment, and peer culture shows how these competing cultures can work against efforts to increase participation. (Contains 17 references.) (SK)

  15. David A. BELL, La première guerre totale  : l’Europe de Napoléon et la naissance de la guerre moderne, traduit de l’

    OpenAIRE

    Larroche, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    La guerre totale est-elle née des Lumières ? David Bell, professeur d’histoire à l’université de Princeton, interroge les guerres de la Révolution et de l’Empire au prisme de cette question déroutante. David Bell n’innove pas en appliquant le concept de guerre totale à cette période de l’histoire européenne. L’originalité de son ouvrage vient de l’importance qu’il accorde aux mutations de la culture de guerre, qui justifient, selon lui, la thèse d’une rupture majeure dans l’appréhension du ph...

  16. Para além de Deus e da natureza: Elementos de filosofia trágica nos diálogos sobre a religião de David Hume

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Gilberto Cabral da

    2005-01-01

    Esta dissertação pretende uma abordagem epistemológica dos Diálogos sobre a Religião Natural de David Hume por meio da categoria de filosofia trágica , trabalhada pelo filósofo francês Clément Rosset. Propomos uma nova possibilidade interpretativa do pensamento de David Hume, diferente do naturalismo e além do simples ceticismo. O conceito de filosofia trágica permite pensar os Diálogos sobre a Religião Natural como uma obra de filosofia trágica, na qual é efetuada, através dos argumentos ...

  17. David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye and Bruce W. Menning, eds., Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution, Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center and Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Stone

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available David Schimmelpenninck and Bruce Menning have produced an excellent volume collecting contributions of a number of both well-established and junior scholars on the history and development of the tsarist military, grouped together around the general theme of reform. In some ways, it is comparable to Eric Lohr and Marshall Poe's complementary The Military and Society in Russia, 1450-1917 (Leiden, 2002. Schimmelpenninck and Menning's contributors, however, focus more on political and institutio...

  18. Agent Standards Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The innovation of the work herein proposed is the development of standards for software autonomous agents. These standards are essential to achieve software...

  19. Catalytic Functions of Standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Blind (Knut)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe three different areas and the examples have illustrated several catalytic functions of standards for innovation. First, the standardisation process reduces the time to market of inventions, research results and innovative technologies. Second, standards themselves promote the

  20. BTS statistical standards manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-10-01

    The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), like other federal statistical agencies, establishes professional standards to guide the methods and procedures for the collection, processing, storage, and presentation of statistical data. Standards an...

  1. Dental Assisting Program Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the dental assisting program in Georgia. The standards are divided into 12 categories: foundations (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); admissions (admission requirements, provisional admission requirements, recruitment, evaluation and planning); program…

  2. The Distance Standard Deviation

    OpenAIRE

    Edelmann, Dominic; Richards, Donald; Vogel, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    The distance standard deviation, which arises in distance correlation analysis of multivariate data, is studied as a measure of spread. New representations for the distance standard deviation are obtained in terms of Gini's mean difference and in terms of the moments of spacings of order statistics. Inequalities for the distance variance are derived, proving that the distance standard deviation is bounded above by the classical standard deviation and by Gini's mean difference. Further, it is ...

  3. Radiological Control Technician: Standardized technician Qualification Standard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-10-01

    The Qualification Standard states and defines the knowledge and skill requirements necessary for successful completion of the Radiological Control Technician Training Program. The standard is divided into three phases: Phase I concerns RCT Academic training. There are 13 lessons associated with the core academics program and 19 lessons associated with the site academics program. The staff member should sign the appropriate blocks upon successful completion of the examination for that lesson or group of lessons. In addition, facility specific lesson plans may be added to meet the knowledge requirements in the Job Performance Measures (JPM) of the practical program. Phase II concerns RCT core/site practical (JPMs) training. There are thirteen generic tasks associated with the core practical program. Both the trainer/evaluator and student should sign the appropriate block upon successful completion of the JPM. In addition, facility specific tasks may be added or generic tasks deleted based on the results of the facility job evaluation. Phase III concerns the oral examination board successful completion of the oral examination board is documented by the signature of the chairperson of the board. Upon completion of all of the standardized technician qualification requirements, final qualification is verified by the student and the manager of the Radiological Control Department and acknowledged by signatures on the qualification standard. The completed Qualification Standard shall be maintained as an official training record

  4. Quality of semantic standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.

    2012-01-01

    Little scientific literature addresses the issue of quality of semantic standards, albeit a problem with high economic and social impact. Our problem survey, including 34 semantic Standard Setting Organizations (SSOs), gives evidence that quality of standards can be improved, but for improvement a

  5. Automotive Technology Skill Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Tom; Asay, Don; Evans, Richard; Barbie, Bill; Herdener, John; Teague, Todd; Allen, Scott; Benshoof, James

    2009-01-01

    The standards in this document are for Automotive Technology programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school automotive program. Minimally, the student will complete a three-year program to achieve all standards. Although these exit-level standards are designed…

  6. [Ophthalmology and standardization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitz, R

    1989-01-01

    The standards are the references for quality and safety of materials, instruments and devices in ophtalmological use. The French standardisation association, "Association Française de Normalisation" (AFNOR), drafts his standards in connection with the concerned professionals. The ophthalmologists are concerned by standards of diagnostic and therapeutic instruments, intraocular and orbital implants, contact lenses, spectacle frames and glasses, and ocular protectors.

  7. David Bowie and the Art of Slow Innovation: A Fast-Second Winner Strategy for Biotechnology and Precision Medicine Global Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdemir, Vural; Patrinos, George P

    2017-11-01

    Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem. We introduce a new strategy, the Fast-Second Winner, specifically in relation to global development of biotechnologies and precision medicine. This à la carte global development strategy envisions a midstream entry into the innovation ecosystem. Moreover, we draw from the works of the late David Bowie who defied rigid classifications as an artist and prolific innovator, and introduce the concept and practice of slow innovation that bodes well with the Fast-Second Winner strategy. A type of slow innovation, the Fast-Second Winner is actually fast and sustainable in the long term, and efficient by reducing false starts in new precision medicine application contexts and geographies, learning from other innovators' failures, and shaping innovations for the local community needs. The establishment of Centers for Fast-Second Innovation (CFSIs), and their funding, for example, by crowdfunding and other innovative mechanisms, could be timely for omics and precision medicine global development. If precision medicine is about tailoring drug treatments and various health interventions to individuals, we suggest to start from tailoring new ideas, and focus not only on how much we innovate but also what and how we innovate. In principle, the Fast-Second Winner can be applied to omics and other biotechnology

  8. Colonial Empires of the East and the Eest: Images of the Other, from Tacito to David Malouf, from Salman Rushdie to Michael Ondaatje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Gòdono

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Many centuries before Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness (1902 and Rudyard Kipling’s Kim (1901 were published, the East and West were still divided, as in Tacito’s De Germania, by a limes also visible in David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life (1978, in which the poet Ovid exiled at Tomi, is friends with the savage Child, of animal nature in a human body, similar to the metamorphic migrants of Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses (1988, which hides the magnificent and ancient East of Mahābhārata and Rāmāyana in many Western identities, lost in diabolic European cities. This chaotic antithesis in Michael Ondaatje’s pages lets Sri Lanka’s childish ghosts float amidst stories of peregrination and in search of a Promised Land. In the Skin of a Lion (1987 includes an epigraph from the ancient poem of Gilgamesh, an Eastern echo in a novel profoundly important for many Western studies that often focus on the theory of the canon or on postmodern literature. These categories are discussed with the prospect of broadening cultural and post-colonial studies, in order to merge theory of genres and thematic criticism with anthropology, mythology, and ethnology. Multiple citations expand the original object of research, adding the colonial prophecy present in North American myths, as demonstrated by Margaret Atwood, Margaret Laurence or Lévi-Strauss. Incessantly moving from one space to another, authors give voice to the native cry from multiple perspectives, narrating – like all colonial empires founded on human cruelty– the beast’s nature that has shown its worst aspect.

  9. Imagining Exodus for Israel-Palestine: Reading the Secular and the Sacred, Diaspora and Homeland, in Edward Said and David Grossman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Hartnell

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes as its starting point Edward Said's distinction between 'religious' and 'secular' modes of cultural affiliation. As these simultaneously diverging and converging modes also trammel the particular grounds of thinking that have been Said's natural target of criticism - Zionism - his work speaks particularly powerfully to the debate surrounding the religious genealogy of Jewish identity. This paper argues that Said's interventions on Zionism highlight as problematic the position whereby the 'Ingathering of the Exiles' is promoted as coexisting with a 'diasporic consciousness' nurtured by Judaism during exile; messianic hopes of religious Jews cannot be reconciled with physical return to the Promised Land; identity circumscribed by ethnicity and place cannot stand in as exemplary for the exiled, unsettled and ultimately homeless identity trumpeted by discourses of the 'post', as many contemporary theorists would have it. And yet through an exploration of the writings of David Grossman, whose construction of Jewish identity is envisaged through the regulating, competing and collaborating tropes of Zionism and Diaspora, I argue that this position is crucial for the elaboration of Israeli identity. I also argue that in fact there is room within Said's thinking both for the anti-essentialist elaboration of 'homeless' identities as well as 'the permission to narrate' an identity politics, and that his own distinction between the 'secular' and the 'religious' begins to disassemble. I explore this blurring of the sacred and the secular through the prism of Exodus - as both concept and narrative. This paper suggests that it is precisely Said's achievement to embody these tensions between religion and its other, divine providence and human agency, historical materialism and postmodernism, alienation and its perennially tempting opposite: home.

  10. OurTube / David Talbot

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talbot, David

    2009-01-01

    USA California Ülikooli töötajate Abram Stern'i ja Michael Dale'i poolt 2005. a. algatatud USA kongressis peetud kõnede videoremiksidest ja nende poolt loodud veebisaidist Metavid.org. Ka YouTube keskkonnast ja wikipedia katsetustest muuta oma keskkond multimeedialisemaks

  11. The vision of David Marr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Kent A

    2012-01-01

    Marr proposed a computational paradigm for studying the visual system, wherein aspects of vision would be amenable to study with what might be regarded a computational-reductionist approach. First, vision would be cleaved into separable 'computational theories', in which the visual system is characterized in terms of its computational goals and the strategies by which they are carried out. Each such computational theory could then be investigated in increasingly concrete terms, from symbols and measurements, to representations and algorithms, to processes and neural implementations. This paradigm rests on some general expectations of a symbolic information processing system, including his stated principles of explicit naming, modular design, least commitment, and graceful degradation. In retrospect, the computational framework also tacitly rests on additional assumptions about the nature of biological information processing: (1) separability of computational strategies, (2) separability of representations, (3) a pipeline nature of information processing, and that (4) the representations employ primitives of low dimensionality. These assumptions are discussed in this retrospective.

  12. Once a physicist: David Roy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    My interest in science started very early, probably with science-fiction books like the Tom Swift series, which are aimed at children. After brief stints in chemistry and engineering, I chose to study physics at Boston University because I found it the most challenging. I also had dreams of being an "inventor" and thought physics would give me an understanding of how things worked.

  13. Lepingud ja ajalugu / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2009-01-01

    Lepingute sõlmimine ei ole ühekordne lõplik diplomaatiline akt, vaid protsess. Leping ei ole ajaloos olnud iseenesest mingi garantii. Väikeriigi diplomaatia üks peamisi ülesandeid on oskus end iseseisvana kasulikuks teha

  14. Milleks teatrilavale ajalugu? / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2008-01-01

    Lavastused Konstantin Pätsist ja Gustav Naanist ajaloolisest taustast lähtudes: Rahvusooperis Estonia etendunud Katri Aaslav-Tepandi ja Tõnu Tepandi dokumentaaldraama "President 1939" Katri Aaslav-Tepandi lavastuses ja Eesti Draamateatris etendunud Enn Vetemaa, Erki Aule ja Merle Karusoo dokumentaallavastus "Sigma Tau-C705" Merle Karusoo lavastuses

  15. Requirements of quality standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mueller, J.

    1977-01-01

    The lecture traces the development of nuclear standards, codes, and Federal regulations on quality assurance (QA) for nuclear power plants and associated facilities. The technical evolution of the last twelve years, especially in the area of nuclear technology, led to different activities and regulatory initiatives, and the present result is: several nations have their own homemade standards. The lecture discusses the former and especially current activities in standard development, and gives a description of the requirements of QA-standards used in USA and Europe, especially Western Germany. Furthermore the lecture attempts to give a comparison and an evaluation of the international quality standards from the author's viewpoint. Finally the lecture presents an outlook for the future international implications of QA-standards. There is an urgent need within the nuclear industry for simplification and standardization of QA-standards. The relationship between the various standards, and the applicability of the standards need clarification and a better transparancy. To point out these problems is the purpose of the lecture. (orig.) [de

  16. Chemical, physical, and other data collected using bottle casts from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN, ROGER REVILLE, and NEW HORIZON as part of the California Cooperative Fisheries Investigation from 1996-08-07 to 1997-04-19 (NODC Accession 9800118)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical, physical, and other data were collected from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN, ROGER REVILLE, and NEW HORIZON from August 7, 1996 to April 19, 1997. Data were...

  17. Temperature profile and other data collected using bottle and CTD casts from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN and other platforms from the Coastal Waters of California during the California Cooperative Fisheries Investigation (CALCOFI) project, 1980-11-28 to 1984-11-06 (NODC Accession 8600053)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data, temperature, and other data were collected using CTD and bottle casts from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN and other platforms from the...

  18. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, salinity and other variables collected from Surface underway observations using Barometric pressure sensor, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN in the Gulf of California and North Pacific Ocean from 2006-08-06 to 2006-12-07 (NODC Accession 0084176)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0084176 includes Surface underway, chemical, meteorological and physical data collected from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN in the Gulf of California...

  19. Temperature profile and other data collected using bottle and CTD casts from the A. AGASSIZ and NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN from the Coastal Waters of California during the California Cooperative Fisheries Investigation (CALCOFI) project, 26 January 1974 to 13 November 1975 (NODC Accession 8600370)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data, temperature, and other data were collected using CTD and bottle casts from A. AGASSIZ and NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN from the Coastal...

  20. Temperature profile and other data collected using bottle and CTD casts from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN and other platforms from Coastal Waters of California during the California Cooperative Fisheries Investigation (CALCOFI) project, 1985-02-19 to 1985-11-14 (NODC Accession 8700010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data, temperature, and other data were collected using CTD and bottle casts from NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN, NOAA Ship McARTHUR, and NEW...