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Sample records for sr ca phosphors

  1. Preparation of MAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Sm 3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A series of MAl2O4: Eu2+, Sm3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors was prepared by the combustion method, and the influence of these alkaline earth metals on the structure and luminescent performances for these phosphors was investigated. A relationship was established between their composition, crystallization capacity and ...

  2. Luminescence in Eu2+ and Ce3+ doped SrCaP2O7 phosphors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.N. Shinde

    Full Text Available Eu2+ and Ce3+ doped SrCaP2O7 has been achieved by modified solid state diffusion in reducing atmosphere. The prepared phosphor powders have been identified by their characteristic X-ray diffraction patterns. The mixed phases of α-Sr2P2O7 type with orthorhombic and α-Ca2P2O7 type with monoclinic form were investigated. Its excitation wavelength ranging from 250 to 430 nm fits well with the characteristic emission of UV light-emitting diode (LED. The excitation and emission spectra indicate that these phosphors can be effectively excited by the near-UV light, and emits blue (visible range due to 4f7 → 4f65d1 transition of Eu2+ particularly, SrCaP2O7: Eu2+ whereas, photoluminescence excitation spectrum measurements of Ce3+ activated SrCaP2O7 shows that the phosphor can be efficiently excited by UV–Vis light from 280 to 310 nm to realize emission in the near visible range due to the 5d–4f transition of Ce3+ ions which is applicable for scintillation purpose. The impacts of doping of divalent europium and trivalent cerium on photoluminescence properties on SrCaP2O7 pyrophosphate phosphors were investigated and I propose a feasible interpretation. Keywords: Phosphor, Luminescence, XRD, LED, FTIR

  3. Correlation of Structure, Tunable Colors, and Lifetimes of (Sr, Ca, Ba)Al₂O₄:Eu2+, Dy3+ Phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Qidi; Li, Bowen; He, Xin; Zhang, Mei; Chen, Yan; Zeng, Qingguang

    2017-10-18

    (Sr, Ca, Ba)Al₂O₄:Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors were prepared via a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The correlation of phase structure, optical properties and lifetimes of the phosphors are investigated in this work. For the (Sr, Ca)Al₂O₄:Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ phosphors, the different phase formation from monoclinic SrAl₂O₄ phase to hexagonal SrAl₂O₄ phase to monoclinic CaAl₂O₄ phase was observed when the Ca content increased. The emission color of SrAl₂O₄:Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors varied from green to blue. For the (Sr, Ba)Al₂O₄:Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors, different phase formation from the monoclinic SrAl₂O₄ phase to the hexagonal BaAl₂O₄ phase was observed, along with a shift of emission wavelength from 520 nm to 500 nm. More interestingly, the decay time of SrAl₂O₄:Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ changed due to the different phase formations. Lifetime can be dramatically shortened by the substitution of Sr 2+ with Ba 2+ cations, resulting in improving the performance of the alternating current light emitting diode (AC-LED). Finally, intense LEDs are successfully obtained by combining these phosphors with Ga(In)N near UV chips.

  4. Preparation and photoluminescence properties of Mn2+-activated M2Si5N8 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duan, C.J.; Otten, W.M.; Delsing, A.C.A.; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2008-01-01

    Mn2+-doped M2Si5N8 (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors have been prepared by a solid-state reaction method at high temperature and their photoluminescence properties were investigated. The Mn2+-activated M2Si5N8 phosphors exhibit narrow emission bands in the wavelength range of 500–700 nm with peak center at

  5. Correlation of Structure, Tunable Colors, and Lifetimes of (Sr, Ca, Ba)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ Phosphors

    OpenAIRE

    Qidi Xie; Bowen Li; Xin He; Mei Zhang; Yan Chen; Qingguang Zeng

    2017-01-01

    (Sr, Ca, Ba)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors were prepared via a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The correlation of phase structure, optical properties and lifetimes of the phosphors are investigated in this work. For the (Sr, Ca)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors, the different phase formation from monoclinic SrAl2O4 phase to hexagonal SrAl2O4 phase to monoclinic CaAl2O4 phase was observed when the Ca content increased. The emission color of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors varied from green to ...

  6. White Light Emitting MZr4(PO4)6:Dy3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors for WLEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Govind B; Dhoble, S J

    2017-03-01

    A series of MZr 4 (PO 4 ) 6 :Dy 3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors were prepared by the solid state diffusion method. Confirmation of the phase formation and morphological studies were performed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. Photoluminescence (PL) properties of these phosphors were thoroughly analyzed and the characteristic emissions of Dy 3+ ions were found to arise from them at an excitation wavelength of 351 nm. The PL emission spectra of the three phosphors were analyzed and compared. The CIE chromaticity coordinates assured that the phosphors produced cool white-light emission and hence, they are potential candidates for UV excited white-LEDs (WLEDs). Graphical Abstract ᅟ.

  7. Correlation of Structure, Tunable Colors, and Lifetimes of (Sr, Ca, Ba)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ Phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Qidi; Li, Bowen; He, Xin; Zhang, Mei; Chen, Yan; Zeng, Qingguang

    2017-01-01

    (Sr, Ca, Ba)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors were prepared via a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The correlation of phase structure, optical properties and lifetimes of the phosphors are investigated in this work. For the (Sr, Ca)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors, the different phase formation from monoclinic SrAl2O4 phase to hexagonal SrAl2O4 phase to monoclinic CaAl2O4 phase was observed when the Ca content increased. The emission color of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors varied from green to blue. For the (Sr, Ba)Al2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors, different phase formation from the monoclinic SrAl2O4 phase to the hexagonal BaAl2O4 phase was observed, along with a shift of emission wavelength from 520 nm to 500 nm. More interestingly, the decay time of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ changed due to the different phase formations. Lifetime can be dramatically shortened by the substitution of Sr2+ with Ba2+ cations, resulting in improving the performance of the alternating current light emitting diode (AC-LED). Finally, intense LEDs are successfully obtained by combining these phosphors with Ga(In)N near UV chips. PMID:29057839

  8. Correlation of Structure, Tunable Colors, and Lifetimes of (Sr, Ca, BaAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ Phosphors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qidi Xie

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available (Sr, Ca, BaAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors were prepared via a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The correlation of phase structure, optical properties and lifetimes of the phosphors are investigated in this work. For the (Sr, CaAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+ phosphors, the different phase formation from monoclinic SrAl2O4 phase to hexagonal SrAl2O4 phase to monoclinic CaAl2O4 phase was observed when the Ca content increased. The emission color of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors varied from green to blue. For the (Sr, BaAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors, different phase formation from the monoclinic SrAl2O4 phase to the hexagonal BaAl2O4 phase was observed, along with a shift of emission wavelength from 520 nm to 500 nm. More interestingly, the decay time of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+changed due to the different phase formations. Lifetime can be dramatically shortened by the substitution of Sr2+ with Ba2+ cations, resulting in improving the performance of the alternating current light emitting diode (AC-LED. Finally, intense LEDs are successfully obtained by combining these phosphors with Ga(InN near UV chips.

  9. Li4SrCa(SiO4)2:Ce3+, a highly efficient near-UV and blue emitting orthosilicate phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Jilin; Zhang, Weilu; Qiu, Zhongxian; Zhou, Wenli; Yu, Liping; Li, Zhiqiang; Lian, Shixun

    2015-01-01

    High quantum efficiency is a vital parameter of phosphors for practical application. An efficient near-UV and blue emitting phosphor Li 4 SrCa(SiO 4 ) 2 :Ce 3+ was synthesized by a traditional solid-state reaction, and luminescent properties were studied in detail. The Ce 3+ -activated phosphor can emit both a near-UV light centred at 345 nm and a blue light peaking at 420 nm when Ce 3+ occupies the Sr and Ca site, respectively. The internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of Li 4 SrCa(SiO 4 ) 2 :0.03Ce 3+ is as high as 97% under the excitation at 288 nm, while the external quantum efficiency (EQE) is 66%. The IQE and EQE values of Li 4 SrCa(SiO 4 ) 2 :0.03Ce 3+ under the excitation at 360 nm are 82% and 31%, respectively. - Highlights: • Phosphor Li 4 SrCa(SiO 4 ) 2 :Ce 3+ emits a near-UV (345 nm) and a blue light (420 nm). • Emission band at 345 nm originates from Ce 3+ on Sr site. • Emission band at 420 nm belongs to Ce 3+ on Ca site. • Internal quantum efficiency is 97% for Li 4 SrCa(SiO 4 ) 2 :0.03Ce 3+ excited at 288 nm

  10. Synthesis and luminescence properties of glass ceramics containing MSiO3:Eu2+ (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors for white LED

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cui Zhiguang; Jia Guohua; Deng Degang; Hua Youjie; Zhao Shilong; Huang Lihui; Wang Huanping; Ma Hongping; Xu Shiqing

    2012-01-01

    Eu 2+ doped silicate glasses were prepared of the system 52SiO 2 -48MO: xEu 2+ (in molar ratio, M=Ca, Sr, Ba; x=1, 3, 5, 7, 9) by a high temperature melt-quenching method in a reducing atmosphere. Glass ceramics containing MSiO 3 :Eu 2+ (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) nano-phosphors were obtained after the heat treatment of the glass samples. The excitation, emission spectra and lifetime decay curves of 4f 6 5d 1 →4f 7 of Eu 2+ were measured and interpreted with respect to their crystal structures and multi-site occupations of divalent europium in the hosts. Their excitation bands mainly extend from 450 to 250 nm, which is adaptable to the main emission region of the UV LED chip. With UV light excitation, the Eu 2+ emission in CaSiO 3 , SrSiO 3 and BaSiO 3 shows blue, green and yellow colors centered at 440, 505 and 555 nm, respectively. The critical Eu 2+ concentration was studied and determined to be x=5 for both CaSiO 3 and SrSiO 3 and x=7 for BaSiO 3 phosphors. The results show that the Eu 2+ doped glass ceramic phosphors containing MSiO 3 (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) nano-crystals can be used as potential matrix materials for a high power white LED pumped by the UV LED chip. - Highlights: → Glass ceramic containing MSiO 3 :Eu 2+ (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors prepared. → Derived phosphors emit intensively blue, green and yellow colors. → Their luminescence properties and crystal structures have been investigated. → Concentration quenching effects observed and analyzed. → Potential application for UV chip exciting white LED evaluated.

  11. Luminescent characteristics of UV excited Sr_0_._5Ca_0_._5TiO_3: Pr"3"+ reddish-orange phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vidyadharan, Viji; Mohan P, Remya; Joseph, Cyriac; Unnikrishnan, N.V.; Biju, P.R.

    2016-01-01

    Pr"3"+ doped Sr_0_._5Ca_0_._5TiO_3 phosphors were synthesised by solid state reaction process. The structure, surface morphology and photoluminescence of the prepared phosphors were analysed using XRD, SEM and photoluminescence spectroscopy respectively. The XRD pattern confirmed orthorhombic perovskite structure of the Sr_0_._5Ca_0_._5TiO_3: x Pr"3"+ phosphor. Agglomeration of particles with irregular shapes is observed from the SEM images. The emission spectra of Sr_0_._5Ca_0_._5TiO_3: x Pr"3"+ phosphor shows the samples can be effectively excited with UV light at 336 nm and exhibit a strong reddish-orange emission at 611 nm. Concentration dependence of emission intensity shows concentration quenching effect on increasing Pr"3"+ concentration after x = 0.1 because of dipole–dipole interaction. Using Blasse's formula, critical distance for energy transfer was calculated. The CIE co-ordinates, CCT, colour purity and luminescence decay of the prepared phosphors were also calculated. These results offer the prepared phosphor as a suitable candidate for various photonic applications. - Highlights: • Sr_0_._5Ca_0_._5TiO_3: x Pr"3"+ perovskite structured phosphors were synthesized. • Under UV excitation, the PL spectra show strong reddish-orange emission. • The emission from "3P_J levels of Pr"3"+ were absent due to the presence of IVCT band. • Concentration quenching due to dipole–dipole interaction was observed. • For x = 0.1, sample shows a maximum emission intensity with 91.7% colour purity.

  12. Photoluminescence Properties of Red-Emitting Ca3Sr3-x(PO4)4:xEu3+ Phosphors for White Light-Emitting Diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakeem, D A; Park, K

    2015-07-01

    The photoluminescent properties of the Eu(3+)-activated Ca3Sr3(PO4)4 phosphors prepared by a solution combustion method were investigated. The excitation spectra of Ca3Sr3-x(PO4)4:xEu3+ (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.6) phosphors under 614 nm wavelength showed a broad band centered at 266 nm along with other peaks at 320, 362, 381, 394, 414, 464, and 534 nm. The emission spectra observed in the range of 450 to 750 nm under excitation at 394 nm were ascribed to the 5D0-7F1-4 transitions of Eu3+ ions. The Ca3Sr3-x(PO4)4:xEu3+ phosphors showed the strongest red emission at 614 nm due to the electric dipole 5DO -->7F2 transition of Eu3+. The strongest emission intensity was obtained for the Eu3+ ions of x = 0.5. The prepared Ca3Sr3-x(PO4)4:xEu3+ can be used as an efficient red phosphor for UV-based white LEDs.

  13. Luminescence Properties of Self-Activated Mm(VO4)2 (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba) Phosphors Synthesized by Solid-State Reaction Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Xin; Huang, Zhaohui; Fang, Minghao; Liu, Yan'gai; Tang, Chao; Wu, Xiaowen

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, M3(VO4)2 (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba) self-activated phosphors were prepared by a solid-state reaction method at 1,000 °C for 5 h. The phase formation and micrographs were analyzed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The Ca3(VO4)2 phosphor does not show any emission peaks under excitation with ultraviolet (UV) light. However, the M3(VO4)2 (M = Mg, Sr, and Ba) samples are effectively excited by UV light chips ranging from 200 nm to 400 nm and exhibit broad emission bands due to the charge transfer from the oxygen 2p orbital to the vacant 3d orbital of the vanadium in the VO4. The color of these phosphors changes from yellow to light blue via blue-green with increasing ionic radius from Mg to Sr to Ba. The luminescence lifetimes and quantum yield decrease with the increasing unit cell volume and V-V distance, in the order of Mg3(VO4)2 to Sr3(VO4)2 to Ba3(VO4)2. The emission intensity decreases with the increase of temperatures, but presents no color shift. This confirms that these self-activated M3(VO4)2 phosphors can be suggested as candidates of the single-phase phosphors for light using UV light emitting diodes (LEDs).

  14. Structural and optical analysis on europium doped AZrO{sub 3} (A=Ba, Ca, Sr) phosphor for display devices application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubey, Vikas, E-mail: jsvikasdubey@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bhilai Institute of Technology Raipur, 493661 (India); Tiwari, Neha [Department of Physics, Govt. Model Science College, Jabalpur (India)

    2016-05-06

    Behavior displayed by europium doped AZrO{sub 3} phosphor which was synthesized by solid state reaction method. For synthesis of BaZrO{sub 3}, SrZrO{sub 3} and CaZrO{sub 3} phosphor with fixed concentration of europium ion was calcination at 1000°C and sintered at 1300°C following intermediate grinding. Synthesized sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis and crystallite sized was calculated by Scherer’s formula. From PL spectra of prepared phosphors shows intense emission centred at 612nm (red emission) with high intensity for SrZrO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. For europium doped BaZrO{sub 3} and CaZrO{sub 3} (613nm) phosphor shows less intense PL spectra as compared to SrZrO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. The strong emission peak of AZrO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor is due to forced electric dipole transition of {sup 5}D{sub 0} to {sup 7}F{sub 2} centered at 612 and 613nm. It is characteristic red emission for europium ion. The excitation spectra of AZrO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor mainly consists of the charge transfer and (CTB) of Eu{sup 3+} located in 200–350 nm centred at 254nm. The present phosphors can act as single host for red light emission in display devices. The CIE coordinates were calculated by Spectrophotometric method using the spectral energy distribution of the AZrO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} sample.

  15. Analysis of (Ba,Ca,Sr)3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for application in solid state lighting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, J.K.; Piqutte, A.; Hannah, M.E.; Hirata, G.A.; Talbot, J.B.; Mishra, K.C.; McKittrick, J.

    2014-01-01

    The luminescence properties of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ co-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 phosphors prepared by combustion synthesis were studied. Eu 2+ -activated (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 has a broad blue emission band centered at 450–485 nm and Eu 2+ –Mn 2+ -activated (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 exhibits a red emission around 620–703 nm, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. The particle size of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ co-activated (Ba,Ca) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 ranges from 300 nm to 1 μm depending on the metal ion and are agglomerated due to post-synthesis, high temperature annealing. The green emission of Ba 3 MgSi 2 O 8 originates from secondary phases (Ba 2 SiO 4 and BaMgSiO 4 ) confirmed by emission spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns. The secondary phases of Ba 3 MgSi 2 O 8 are removed by the addition of Sr. The quantum efficiencies range from 45% to 70% under 400 nm excitation and the lifetime of red emission of Ba 3 MgSi 2 O 8 decreases significantly with increasing temperature, which is 54% at 400 K of that at 80 K compared to that of blue emission (90% at 400 K of that at 80 K). -- highlights: • (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 :Eu 2+ , Mn 2+ phosphors were prepared by a combustion synthesis method. • The emission spectra consist of broad blue-emission band and red-emission band. • The quantum efficiencies range between 45% and 70%, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. • The secondary phases were eliminated by additions of Sr. • Lifetime of the red-emission decreases with increasing temperature, suggesting that these phosphors are not useful for solid state lighting applications

  16. On the application of CaF2:Eu and SrF2:Eu phosphors in LED based phototherapy lamp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsare, P. D.; Moharil, S. V.; Joshi, C. P.; Omanwar, S. K.

    2013-06-01

    In the last few years the interest of scientific community has been increased towards solid state lighting based on LEDs because of their superior advantages over the conventional fluorescent lamps. As the GaN based LEDs are easily available efforts of the researchers are now on making the new phosphors which are excitable in the near UV region (360-400nm) for solid state lighting. This paper reports the photoluminescence characteristics of CaF2:Eu and SrF2:Eu phosphor prepared by wet chemical method. The violet emission of these phosphors with near UV excitation can be useful in making a phototherapy lamp based on LEDs for treating various skin diseases like acne vulgaris and hyperbilirubinemia.

  17. Luminescent Enhancement of Na+ and Sm3+ Co-doping Reddish Orange SrCa3Si2O8 Phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chun, Fengjun; Zhang, Binbin; Li, Wen; Liu, Honggang; Deng, Wen; Chu, Xiang; Osman, Hanan; Zhang, Haitao; Yang, Weiqing

    2018-04-01

    Reddish orange SrCa3Si2O8 phosphors, prepared by the facile solid state reaction method, are a luminescent enhancement of Na+ and Sm3+ co-doping luminescent material. Na+ was designed to compensate the charge imbalance of Sm3+ ion substituting for the Sr2+ ion of orthorhombic SrCa3Si2O8 crystals. The results suggest that Na+ can effectively enhance the luminescent intensity of the reddish orange light peaked at about 562 nm (4 G 5/2 → 6 H 5/2), 600 nm (4 G 5/2 → 6 H 7/2) and 645 nm (4 G 5/2 → 6 H 9/2) excited by the near ultraviolet excited light 404 nm (4 L 13/2 → 6 H 5/2). The energy transfer has been further verified by the florescence lifetime. Additionally, the luminescent lifetime τ of as-grown phosphors was separated into two parts, a rapid lifetime and a slow lifetime. The average lifetime results ranged from 2.098 to 1.329 ms which were influenced by the concentration of Sm3+ doping. The systematic researches of as-grown phosphors have clearly suggested a potential application for white-light-emitting diodes ( w-LEDs).

  18. Synthesis and luminescence properties of Ce{sup 3+} doped MWO{sub 4} (M=Ca, Sr and Ba) microcrystalline phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dabre, K.V. [Department of Physics, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Koradi, Nagpur (India); Dhoble, S.J., E-mail: sjdhoble@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033 (India); Lochab, Jyoti [Radiotherapy Department, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi (India)

    2014-05-01

    The Ce{sup 3+} doped and undoped samples of alkali earth metal tungstate MWO{sub 4} (M=Ca, Sr, and Ba) phosphors are synthesized by a co-precipitation method in controlled pH environment. The resulting phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), photoluminescence (PL) and thermoluminescence (TL). XRD pattern and SEM micrographs reveal the formation of agglomerated microcrystalline phosphor. FTIR spectra show the strong absorption around 821 cm{sup −1} due to characteristic vibrations of (WO{sub 4}){sup 2−} complex. PL excitation spectra show broadband in the UV region having peak at 280 nm, and the emission spectrum shows broadband in the visible region with peak in the blue region. The PL emission intensity increases with Ce{sup 3+} concentration with the most effective concentration at 5 mol%. The complex TL glow curve of Ce{sup 3+} doped phosphors is deconvoluted by using a TLAnal computer program. The trap parameters obtained by TLAnal were compared with those calculated by Chen's method and a possible model for TL is discussed. - Highlights: • M{sub 1−x}WO{sub 4}:Ce{sub x} (M=Ca, Sr, and Ba) phosphors are synthesized by the co-precipitation method in controlled pH environment. • Phosphor exhibits broad emission band with maximum in the blue region. • Enhancement of PL emission intensity due to doping of Ce in a host lattice. • The complex TL glow curves were deconvoluted by TLAnal. • FTIR spectra show the main transmittance peaks related to v{sub 3} and v{sub 4} vibration modes of W–O bonds.

  19. Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Blue Na(Sr0.97-xCa(x))PO4:0.03Eu2+ Phosphors for White Light Emitting Diode Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakeem, D A; Park, K

    2015-07-01

    The crystal structure and luminescence properties of Na(Sr0.97-xCax)PO4:0.03Eu2+ (0 phosphors were studied, depending on the Ca2+ concentration. All the Na(Sr0.97-xCax)PO4:0.03Eu2+ phosphors had a hexagonal crystal structure. The excitation spectra of the prepared phosphors showed a broad band ranging from 250 to 420 nm, which arises due to the 4f-5d transitions of Eu2+ ions. Upon the excitation of 334 nm wavelength, the emission spectra showed a broad blue band ranging from 400 to 700 nm peaking at 450 nm. Among the prepared phosphors, the Na(Sr0.72Ca0.25)PO4:0.03Eu2+ showed the strongest emission intensity and could be applied as a blue emitting phosphor for UV-based w-LEDs.

  20. Infrared emissions in MgSrAl10O17:Er3+ phosphor co-doped with Yb3+/Ba2+/Ca2+ obtained by solution combustion route

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Vijay; Kumar Rai, Vineet; Venkatramu, V.; Chakradhar, R.P.S.; Hwan Kim, Sang

    2013-01-01

    An intense infrared emitting MgSrAl 10 O 17 :Er 3+ phosphor co-doped with Yb 3+ , Ba 2+ and Ca 2+ ions have been prepared by a solution combustion method. Phase purity of the derived compounds was confirmed by X-ray diffraction technique. The vibrational properties of MgSrAl 10 O 17 phosphor was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The broad and strong infrared emission of Er 3+ ions at around 1.53 μm was observed upon excitation at 980 nm. Effect of co-doping with the Yb 3+ , Ba 2+ and Ca 2+ ions on the infrared luminescence intensity of Er 3+ ions and the mechanism responsible for the variation in the infrared intensity have been discussed. The results indicate that these materials may be suitable for the optical telecommunication window and wavelength division multiplexing applications. - Highlights: ► The hexagonal phase of MgSrAl 10 O 17 could be obtained by the low temperature combustion method. ► The broad and strong infrared emission of Er 3+ ions at around 1.53 μm was observed. ► Effect of co-doping with the Yb 3+ , Ba 2+ and Ca 2+ ions on the infrared luminescence intensity of Er 3+ were reported.

  1. Synthesis and luminescence characterization of Pr3+ doped Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidyadharan, Viji; Mani, Kamal P.; Sajna, M. S.; Joseph, Cyriac; Unnikrishnan, N. V.; Biju, P. R.

    2014-12-01

    Luminescence properties of Pr3+ activated Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphors synthesized by solid state reaction method are reported in this work. Blue, orange red and red emissions were observed in the Pr3+ doped sample under 444 nm excitation and these emissions are assigned as 3P0 → 3H4, 3P0 → 3H6 and 3P0 → 3F4 transitions. The emission intensity shows a maximum corresponding to the 0.5 wt% Pr3+ ion. The decay analysis was done for 0.05 and 0.5 wt% Pr3+ doped samples for the transition 3P0 → 3H6. The life times of 0.05 and 0.5 wt% Pr3+ doped samples were calculated by fitting to exponential and non-exponential curve respectively, and are found to be 156 and 105 μs respectively. The non-exponential behaviour arises due to the statistical distribution of the distances between the ground state Pr3+ ions and excited state Pr3+ ions, which cause the inhomogeneous energy transfer rate. The XRD spectrum confirmed the triclinic phase of the prepared phosphors. The compositions of the samples were determined by the energy dispersive X-ray spectra. From the SEM images it is observed that the particles are agglomerated and are irregularly shaped. IR absorption bands were assigned to different vibrational modes. The well resolved peaks shown in the absorption spectra are identical to the excitation spectra of the phosphor samples. Pr3+ activated Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphors can be efficiently excited with 444 nm irradiation and emit multicolour visible emissions. From the CIE diagram it can be seen that the prepared phosphor samples give yellowish-green emission.

  2. Red/blue-shift dual-directional regulation of α-(Ca, Sr)2SiO4:Eu(2+) phosphors resulting from the incorporation content of Eu(2+)/Sr(2+) ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zhijuan; Mao, Zhiyong; Chen, Jingjing; Wang, Dajian

    2015-09-21

    In this work, tunable emission from green to red and the inverse tuning from red to green in α-(Ca, Sr)2SiO4:Eu(2+) phosphors were demonstrated magically by varying the incorporation content of Eu(2+) and Sr(2+) ions, respectively. The tunable emission properties and the tuning mechanism of red-shift resulting from the Eu(2+) content as well as that of blue-shift induced by the Sr(2+) content were investigated in detail. As a result of fine-controlling the incorporation content of Eu(2+), the emission peak red-shifts from 541 nm to 640 nm. On the other hand, the emission peak inversely blue-shifts from 640 nm to 546 nm through fine-adjusting the incorporation content of Sr(2+). The excellent tuning characteristics for α-(Ca, Sr)2SiO4:Eu(2+) phosphors presented in this work exhibited their various application prospects in solid-state lighting combining with a blue chip or a near-UV chip.

  3. Luminescence enhancement of (Sr1-x Mx )2 SiO4 :Eu2+ phosphors with M (Ca2+ /Zn2+ ) partial substitution for white light-emitting diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yulong; Zhang, Wentao; Gao, Yang; Long, Jianping; Li, Junfeng

    2017-02-01

    Eu 2 + -doped Sr 2 SiO 4 phosphor with Ca 2 + /Zn 2 + substitution, (Sr 1-x M x ) 2 SiO 4 :Eu 2 + (M = Ca, Zn), was prepared using a high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The structure and luminescence properties of Ca 2 + /Zn 2 + partially substituted Sr 2 SiO 4 :Eu 2 + phosphors were investigated in detail. With Ca 2 + or Zn 2 + added to the silicate host, the crystal phase could be transformed between the α-form and the β-form of the Sr 2 SiO 4 structure. Under UV excitation at 367 nm, all samples exhibit a broad band emission from 420 to 680 nm due to the 4f 6 5d 1  → 4f 7 transition of Eu 2 + ions. The broad emission band consists of two peaks at 482 and 547 nm, which correspond to Eu 2 + ions occupying the ten-fold oxygen-coordinated Sr.(I) site and the nine-fold oxygen-coordinated Sr.(II) site, respectively. The luminescence properties, including the intensity and lifetime of Sr 2 SiO 4 :Eu 2 + phosphors, improved remarkably on Ca 2 + /Zn 2 + addition, and promote its application in white light-emitting diodes. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Composition Screening in Blue-Emitting Li4Sr1+xCa0.97-x(SiO4)2:Ce3+ Phosphors for High Quantum Efficiency and Thermally Stable Photoluminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jingchen; Zhang, Jilin; Zhou, Wenli; Ji, Xiaoyu; Ma, Wentao; Qiu, Zhongxian; Yu, Liping; Li, Chengzhi; Xia, Zhiguo; Wang, Zhengliang; Lian, Shixun

    2017-09-13

    Photoluminescence quantum efficiency (QE) and thermal stability are important for phosphors used in phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes (pc-LEDs). Li 4 Sr 1+x Ca 0.97-x (SiO 4 ) 2 :0.03Ce 3+ (-0.7 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) phosphors were designed from the initial model of Li 4 SrCa(SiO 4 ) 2 :Ce 3+ , and their single-phased crystal structures were found to be located in the composition range of -0.4 ≤ x ≤ 0.7. Depending on the substitution of Sr 2+ for Ca 2+ ions, the absolute QE value of blue-emitting composition-optimized Li 4 Sr 1.4 Ca 0.57 (SiO 4 ) 2 :0.03Ce 3+ reaches ∼94%, and the emission intensity at 200 °C remains 95% of that at room temperature. Rietveld refinements and Raman spectral analyses suggest the increase of crystal rigidity, increase of force constant in CeO 6 , and decrease of vibrational frequency by increasing Sr 2+ content, which are responsible for the enhanced quantum efficiency and thermal stability. The present study points to a new strategy for future development of the pc-LEDs phosphors based on local structures correlation via composition screening.

  5. Luminescent characteristics of UV excited Sr{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}: Pr{sup 3+} reddish-orange phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidyadharan, Viji; Mohan P, Remya; Joseph, Cyriac; Unnikrishnan, N.V.; Biju, P.R., E-mail: prb.mgu@gmail.com

    2016-02-15

    Pr{sup 3+} doped Sr{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} phosphors were synthesised by solid state reaction process. The structure, surface morphology and photoluminescence of the prepared phosphors were analysed using XRD, SEM and photoluminescence spectroscopy respectively. The XRD pattern confirmed orthorhombic perovskite structure of the Sr{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}: x Pr{sup 3+} phosphor. Agglomeration of particles with irregular shapes is observed from the SEM images. The emission spectra of Sr{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}: x Pr{sup 3+} phosphor shows the samples can be effectively excited with UV light at 336 nm and exhibit a strong reddish-orange emission at 611 nm. Concentration dependence of emission intensity shows concentration quenching effect on increasing Pr{sup 3+} concentration after x = 0.1 because of dipole–dipole interaction. Using Blasse's formula, critical distance for energy transfer was calculated. The CIE co-ordinates, CCT, colour purity and luminescence decay of the prepared phosphors were also calculated. These results offer the prepared phosphor as a suitable candidate for various photonic applications. - Highlights: • Sr{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3}: x Pr{sup 3+} perovskite structured phosphors were synthesized. • Under UV excitation, the PL spectra show strong reddish-orange emission. • The emission from {sup 3}P{sub J} levels of Pr{sup 3+} were absent due to the presence of IVCT band. • Concentration quenching due to dipole–dipole interaction was observed. • For x = 0.1, sample shows a maximum emission intensity with 91.7% colour purity.

  6. The photoluminescent property and optical transition analysis of host sensitized Ca{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MoO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Zhiping; Hou, Chuncai [College of Physics and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002 (China); Duan, Guangjie [College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002 (China); Yang, Fu [College of Physics and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002 (China); College of Science, Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou 075000 (China); Liu, Pengfei; Wang, Can [College of Physics and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002 (China); Liu, Lipeng [College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002 (China); Dong, Guoyi, E-mail: dongguoyitxzz@163.com [College of Physics and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002 (China)

    2014-08-01

    Highlights: • A novel host sensitized Ca{sub 0.5−x}Sr{sub 0.5}MoO{sub 4}:xDy{sup 3+} phosphors could be synthesized by solid state reaction. • The XRD and SEM figures were made to analyze the crystal phase and morphology of Ca{sub 0.5−x}Sr{sub 0.5}MoO{sub 4}:xDy{sup 3+} phosphors. • We research the emission and excitation properties by analyzing the relevant optical transition. • The energy transition is proved to exist by the analysis on luminescence spectra and luminescence decay curves. • The chromaticity coordinate of Ca{sub 0.5−x}Sr{sub 0.5}MoO{sub 4}:xDy{sup 3+} will be tunable as changing x. - Abstract: A series of Dy{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MoO{sub 4} phosphors were synthesized by solid state reaction. The structure and the photoluminescent (PL) properties of the as-prepared powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope and fluorescent spectrophotometry. The analyses on optical transition of Ca{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MoO{sub 4}:xDy{sup 3+} phosphors indicate that the broad band of excitation spectrum comes from the charge transmission. The broad band of excitation spectrum matches well with the excitation energy level of Dy{sup 3+}, indicating the energy transfer from the host to Dy{sup 3+}. The chromaticity coordinates changed from blue–green to yellow area depending on the Dy{sup 3+} concentration. In addition, the main mechanism of the concentration quenching was the electric multiple interaction between Dy{sup 3+} ions.

  7. Luminescent phosphors, based on rare earth substituted oxyfluorides in the A(1)3-x A(2)xMO4F family with A(1)/A(2)=Sr, Ca, Ba and M=Al, Ga

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Sangmoon; Vogt, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    A new family of UV-activated phosphors made by substituting rare-earth activators such as trivalent Eu, Tb, Tm and Er into A(1) 3-x A(2) x MO 4 F host lattices (A(1)/A(2)=Sr, Ca, Ba; M=Al, Ga) are introduced and their activation and emission spectra as well as their CIE values reported. The Tm-substituted system can be activated using light with a wavelength of 360 nm. Relative intensities of a family of Tb-substituted green phosphors activated at 254 nm and with emissions centered near 548 nm are discussed.

  8. Luminescent phosphors, based on rare earth substituted oxyfluorides in the A(1){sub 3-x} A(2){sub x}MO{sub 4}F family with A(1)/A(2)=Sr, Ca, Ba and M=Al, Ga

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sangmoon, E-mail: spark@silla.ac.k [Department of Engineering in Energy and Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of); Vogt, Thomas [NanoCenter and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, SC (United States)

    2009-09-15

    A new family of UV-activated phosphors made by substituting rare-earth activators such as trivalent Eu, Tb, Tm and Er into A(1){sub 3-x}A(2){sub x}MO{sub 4}F host lattices (A(1)/A(2)=Sr, Ca, Ba; M=Al, Ga) are introduced and their activation and emission spectra as well as their CIE values reported. The Tm-substituted system can be activated using light with a wavelength of 360 nm. Relative intensities of a family of Tb-substituted green phosphors activated at 254 nm and with emissions centered near 548 nm are discussed.

  9. Luminescence of (Ca,Sr)3(VO4)2: Pr3+, Eu3+ phosphor for use in CuPc-based solar cells and white light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin, Han-Yu; Chang, Wei-Fu; Chu, Sheng-Yuan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to enhance the red emission intensity and expand the blue excitation band of a (Ca,Sr) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.12Eu 3+ phosphor for use in copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)-based solar cells and white light-emitting diodes. It was found that substitution of 3% Sr 2+ replacing Ca 2+ enhanced red emission intensity of Ca 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.12Eu 3+ by 14% under 465-nm by excitation. The Pr 3+ co-doping effect was realized when blue excitation intensity of (Ca 0.97 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.12Eu 3+ , located in the weakest absorption of CuPc, was improved by 126% with the addition of 0.6 mol% Pr 3+ . The absorption spectrum of CuPc/optimized (Ca 0.9668 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.006Pr 3+ , 0.12Eu 3+ mixtures provided evidence that the (Ca 0.9668 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.006Pr 3+ , 0.12Eu 3+ phosphor could increase the efficiency of incident photons on CuPc-based solar cells. Moreover, the good temperature stability of emission intensity and chromaticity of (Ca 0.9668 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.006Pr 3+ , 0.12Eu 3+ indicated a potential for this phosphor to be applied on the white light-emitting diodes. - Highlights: ► Substitution of 3% Sr 2+ replacing Ca 2+ enhanced red emission intensity of Ca 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.12Eu 3+ by 14% under 465 nm by excitation. ► Addition of 0.6 mol% Pr 3+ enhanced blue excitation intensity of (Ca 0.97 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.12Eu 3+ , located in the weakest absorption of CuPc, by 126%. ► According to absorption measurements of CuPc/optimized (Ca 0.9668 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.006Pr 3+ , 0.12Eu 3+ mixtures for the first time, the feasibility of our phosphor to assist CuPc in converting blue-wavelength photons was proved. ► High temperature stability of emission intensity and chromaticity of (Ca 0.9668 Sr 0.03 ) 2.82 (VO 4 ) 2 :0.006Pr 3+ , 0.12Eu 3+ indicated our phosphor is acceptable for WLED applications.

  10. Enhanced emission of encaged-OH--free Ca12(1-x)Sr12xAl14O33:0.1%Gd3+ conductive phosphors via tuning the encaged-electron concentration for low-voltage FEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Meng; Liu, Yuxue; Yang, Jian; Zhu, Hancheng; Yan, Duanting; Zhang, Xinyang; Liu, Chunguang; Xu, Changshan; Zhang, Hong

    2017-05-24

    Encaged-OH - -free Ca 12(1-x) Sr 12x Al 14 O 33 :0.1%Gd 3+ conductive phosphors were prepared through a melt-solidification process in combination with a subsequent heat treatment. Absorption spectra showed that the maximum encaged-electron concentration was increased to 1.08 × 10 21 cm -3 through optimizing the doping amount of Sr 2+ (x = 0.005). Meanwhile, FTIR and Raman spectra indicated that pure Ca 11.94 Sr 0.06 Al 14 O 33 :0.1%Gd 3+ conductive phosphor without encaged OH - and C 2 2- anions was acquired. For the conductive powders heat-treated in air for different times, the encaged-electron concentrations were tuned from 1.02 × 10 21 to 8.3 × 10 20 cm -3 . ESR, photoluminescence, and luminescence kinetics analyses indicated that the emission at 312 nm mainly originated from Gd 3+ ions surrounded by encaged O 2- anions, while Gd 3+ ions surrounded by encaged electrons had a negative contribution to the UV emission due to the existence of an energy transfer process. Under low-voltage electron-beam excitation (3 kV), enhanced cathodoluminescence (CL) of the conductive phosphors could be achieved by tuning the encaged-electron concentrations. In particular, for the encaged-OH - -free conductive phosphor, the emission intensity of the CL was about one order of magnitude higher than that of the conductive phosphor containing encaged OH - anions. Our results suggested that the encaged-OH - -free conductive phosphors have potential application in low-voltage FEDs.

  11. Analysis of (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Mn{sup 2+} phosphors for application in solid state lighting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, J.K. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Piqutte, A.; Hannah, M.E. [OSRAM SYLVANIA Central Research, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); Hirata, G.A. [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnolgía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada Apdo, Ensenada MX CP 22860 (Mexico); Talbot, J.B. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); University of California, San Diego, Department of Nanoengineering, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Mishra, K.C. [OSRAM SYLVANIA Central Research, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); McKittrick, J., E-mail: jmckittrick@ucsd.edu [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); University of California, San Diego, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

    2014-04-15

    The luminescence properties of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} co-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} phosphors prepared by combustion synthesis were studied. Eu{sup 2+}-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} has a broad blue emission band centered at 450–485 nm and Eu{sup 2+}–Mn{sup 2+}-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} exhibits a red emission around 620–703 nm, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. The particle size of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} co-activated (Ba,Ca){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} ranges from 300 nm to 1 μm depending on the metal ion and are agglomerated due to post-synthesis, high temperature annealing. The green emission of Ba{sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} originates from secondary phases (Ba{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and BaMgSiO{sub 4}) confirmed by emission spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns. The secondary phases of Ba{sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} are removed by the addition of Sr. The quantum efficiencies range from 45% to 70% under 400 nm excitation and the lifetime of red emission of Ba{sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} decreases significantly with increasing temperature, which is 54% at 400 K of that at 80 K compared to that of blue emission (90% at 400 K of that at 80 K). -- highlights: • (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Mn{sup 2+} phosphors were prepared by a combustion synthesis method. • The emission spectra consist of broad blue-emission band and red-emission band. • The quantum efficiencies range between 45% and 70%, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. • The secondary phases were eliminated by additions of Sr. • Lifetime of the red-emission decreases with increasing temperature, suggesting that these phosphors are not useful for solid state lighting applications.

  12. Luminescence properties of red-emitting M2Si5N8:Eu2+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) LED conversion phosphors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Y.Q.; Steen, van J.E.J.; Krevel, van J.W.H.; Botty, G.; Delsing, A.C.A.; DiSalvo, F.J.; With, de G.; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2006-01-01

    The influence of the type of the alkaline-earth ion and the Eu2+ concentration on the luminescence properties of Eu2+-doped M2Si5N8 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) has been investigated. XRD analysis shows that Eu2+-doped Ca2Si5N8 forms a limited solid solution with a maximum solubility of about 7 mol% having a

  13. Quantitative analysis of UV excitation bands for red emissions in Pr3+-doped CaTiO3, SrTiO3 and BaTiO3 phosphors by peak fitting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, Rei; Sano, Hiroyuki; Shimizu, Mikio; Kuwabara, Makoto

    2009-01-01

    A quantitative spectral analysis of the ultraviolet (UV) broad excitation bands, which are located in the range 300-400 nm, for red emissions at around 610 nm in Pr-doped CaTiO 3 , SrTiO 3 :Al and BaTiO 3 :Mg phosphors has been carried out using a peak fitting technique. The obtained results demonstrate that the UV broad band of CaTiO 3 :Pr consists of four primary excitation bands centered around 330, 335, 365 and 380 nm and those of both SrTiO 3 :Al and BaTiO 3 :Mg consist of three primary bands centered around 310, 345 and 370 nm. Based on the behavior patterns and the values of the respective primary excitation bands' parameters, i.e. center gravity (λ top ), maximum height (I max ) and full-width at half-maximum (FWHM), the UV-to-red relaxation processes in these titanate phosphors can be explained to be essentially the same, except for the existence of an additional relaxation pathway via electron-trap states in CaTiO 3 :Pr, which gives a characteristic shape of its UV excitation spectrum in the wavelength range of >360 nm

  14. Metaheuristics-Assisted Combinatorial Screening of Eu2+-Doped Ca-Sr-Ba-Li-Mg-Al-Si-Ge-N Compositional Space in Search of a Narrow-Band Green Emitting Phosphor and Density Functional Theory Calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin-Woong; Singh, Satendra Pal; Kim, Minseuk; Hong, Sung Un; Park, Woon Bae; Sohn, Kee-Sun

    2017-08-21

    A metaheuristics-based design would be of great help in relieving the enormous experimental burdens faced during the combinatorial screening of a huge, multidimensional search space, while providing the same effect as total enumeration. In order to tackle the high-throughput powder processing complications and to secure practical phosphors, metaheuristics, an elitism-reinforced nondominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II), was employed in this study. The NSGA-II iteration targeted two objective functions. The first was to search for a higher emission efficacy. The second was to search for narrow-band green color emissions. The NSGA-II iteration finally converged on BaLi 2 Al 2 Si 2 N 6 :Eu 2+ phosphors in the Eu 2+ -doped Ca-Sr-Ba-Li-Mg-Al-Si-Ge-N compositional search space. The BaLi 2 Al 2 Si 2 N 6 :Eu 2+ phosphor, which was synthesized with no human intervention via the assistance of NSGA-II, was a clear single phase and gave an acceptable luminescence. The BaLi 2 Al 2 Si 2 N 6 :Eu 2+ phosphor as well as all other phosphors that appeared during the NSGA-II iterations were examined in detail by employing powder X-ray diffraction-based Rietveld refinement, X-ray absorption near edge structure, density functional theory calculation, and time-resolved photoluminescence. The thermodynamic stability and the band structure plausibility were confirmed, and more importantly a novel approach to the energy transfer analysis was also introduced for BaLi 2 Al 2 Si 2 N 6 :Eu 2+ phosphors.

  15. Photoluminescence and phosphorescence properties of MAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ (M=Ca, Ba, Sr) phosphors prepared at an initiating combustion temperature of 500 deg. C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mothudi, B.M.; Ntwaeaborwa, O.M.; Botha, J.R.; Swart, H.C.

    2009-01-01

    Eu 2+ and Dy 3+ co-doped calcium aluminate, barium aluminate and strontium aluminate phosphors were synthesized at an initiating combustion temperature of 500 deg. C using urea as an organic fuel. The crystallinity of the phosphors was investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the morphology was determined by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The low temperature monoclinic structure for both CaAl 2 O 4 and SrAl 2 O 4 and the hexagonal structure of BaAl 2 O 4 were observed. The effect of the host materials on the photoluminescence (PL) and phosphorescence properties were investigated by using a He-Cd Laser and a Cary Eclipse fluorescence spectrophotometer, respectively. The broad band emission spectra observed at 449 nm for CaAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ , 450 nm (with a shoulder-peak at 500 nm) for BaAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ and 528 nm for SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ are attributed to the 4f 6 5d 1 to 4f 7 transition in the Eu 2+ ion in the different hosts.

  16. Photoluminescence and phosphorescence properties of MAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} (M=Ca, Ba, Sr) phosphors prepared at an initiating combustion temperature of 500 deg. C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mothudi, B.M., E-mail: mothudibm@qwa.uovs.ac.z [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa); Ntwaeaborwa, O.M. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa); Botha, J.R. [Department of Physics, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, ZA 6031 (South Africa); Swart, H.C., E-mail: swarthc.sci@ufs.ac.z [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa)

    2009-12-01

    Eu{sup 2+} and Dy{sup 3+} co-doped calcium aluminate, barium aluminate and strontium aluminate phosphors were synthesized at an initiating combustion temperature of 500 deg. C using urea as an organic fuel. The crystallinity of the phosphors was investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the morphology was determined by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The low temperature monoclinic structure for both CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} and SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} and the hexagonal structure of BaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} were observed. The effect of the host materials on the photoluminescence (PL) and phosphorescence properties were investigated by using a He-Cd Laser and a Cary Eclipse fluorescence spectrophotometer, respectively. The broad band emission spectra observed at 449 nm for CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+}, 450 nm (with a shoulder-peak at 500 nm) for BaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} and 528 nm for SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} are attributed to the 4f{sup 6}5d{sup 1} to 4f{sup 7} transition in the Eu{sup 2+} ion in the different hosts.

  17. Luminescence properties of Eu2+-doped MAl2-xSixO4-xNx (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) conversion phosphor for white LED applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Y.Q.; With, de G.; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2006-01-01

    Undoped and Eu-doped MAl2-xSixO4-2Nx (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) were synthesized by a solid-state reaction method at 1300 - 1400 ¿C under nitrogen-hydrogen atmosphere. The solubility of (SiN)+, in MAl2O4 was determined. Nitrogen can be incorporated into MAl2O4 by replacement of (AlO)+ by (SiN)+, whose amount

  18. Infrared emissions in MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17}:Er{sup 3+} phosphor co-doped with Yb{sup 3+}/Ba{sup 2+}/Ca{sup 2+} obtained by solution combustion route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Vijay, E-mail: vijayjiin2006@yahoo.com [Physical Chemistry, Institute for Pure and Applied Chemistry and Center of Interface Science, University of Oldenburg, 26129 Oldenburg (Germany); Kumar Rai, Vineet [Department of Applied Physics, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad 826 004 (India); Venkatramu, V. [Department of Physics, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa 516 003 (India); Chakradhar, R.P.S. [CSIR-National Aerospace, Bangalore 560 017 (India); Hwan Kim, Sang [Department of Chemical Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-02-15

    An intense infrared emitting MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17}:Er{sup 3+} phosphor co-doped with Yb{sup 3+}, Ba{sup 2+} and Ca{sup 2+} ions have been prepared by a solution combustion method. Phase purity of the derived compounds was confirmed by X-ray diffraction technique. The vibrational properties of MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17} phosphor was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The broad and strong infrared emission of Er{sup 3+} ions at around 1.53 {mu}m was observed upon excitation at 980 nm. Effect of co-doping with the Yb{sup 3+}{sub ,} Ba{sup 2+} and Ca{sup 2+} ions on the infrared luminescence intensity of Er{sup 3+} ions and the mechanism responsible for the variation in the infrared intensity have been discussed. The results indicate that these materials may be suitable for the optical telecommunication window and wavelength division multiplexing applications. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hexagonal phase of MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17} could be obtained by the low temperature combustion method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The broad and strong infrared emission of Er{sup 3+} ions at around 1.53 {mu}m was observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effect of co-doping with the Yb{sup 3+}{sub ,} Ba{sup 2+} and Ca{sup 2+} ions on the infrared luminescence intensity of Er{sup 3+} were reported.

  19. Luminescence properties of Sr{sub 3-x-3y/2}M{sub x}Ce{sub y}AlO{sub 4}F (M=Ca, Ba, 0{<=}x{<=}0.9, 0.001{<=}y{<=}0.05) phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hye-Min [Department of Engineering in Energy and Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Sangmoon, E-mail: spark@silla.ac.kr [Department of Engineering in Energy and Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Luminescent materials composed of Sr{sub 3-x-3y/2}M{sub x}Ce{sub y}AlO{sub 4}F (M=Ca, Ba, 0{<=}x{<=}0.9, 0.001{<=}y{<=}0.05) were prepared by the solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the obtained oxyfluorides are exhibited for indexing peak positions. Dynamic excitation and emission spectra of the Ce{sup 3+}-activated oxyfluoride phosphors are clearly monitored. The critical emission quenching as a function of Ce{sup 3+} contents in Sr{sub 2.5-3y/2}M{sub 0.5}Ce{sub y}AlO{sub 4}F phosphors is revealed at quite low concentrations of the activator. CIE coordinates of blue and green Sr{sub 2.5-3y/2}M{sub 0.5}Ce{sub y}AlO{sub 4}F phosphors are clearly measured. The relative quantum efficiency of Sr{sub 2.4985}Ca{sub 0.5}Ce{sub 0.005}AlO{sub 4}F based on the integrated emission is determined. The Sr{sub 3-x-3y/2}M{sub x}Ce{sub y}AlO{sub 4}F phosphors excited near 410 nm light could be prominent phosphors in applications of NUV-LED. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blue and green emitting oxyfluoride phosphors are excitated near 410 nm Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ce{sup 3+}-activated oxyfluoride phosphors are quite effective to prepare white light for near-UV LED applications. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gradual substitution of Ce{sup 3+} content in the oxyfluoride hosts changes CIE values.

  20. Photoluminescence characterization of Dy3+ and Eu2+ ion in M5(PO4)3F (M = Ba, Sr, Ca) phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpure, I.M.; Shinde, K.N.; Dhoble, S.J.; Kumar, Animesh

    2009-01-01

    Photoluminescence investigation of Eu and Dy activated phosphate based phosphors prepared by combustion synthesis, characterized by XRD (X-ray diffraction) and photoluminescence techniques, has been reported. PL excitation spectrum of M 5 (PO 4 ) 3 F:Dy phosphors shows the excitation peaks ranging from 300 to 400 nm due to 4f → 4f transitions of Dy 3+ ions. PL emission spectrum of Dy 3+ ion under 348 nm excitation gives PL emission at 482 nm (blue) due to 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 15/2 transitions, 574 nm (yellow) emission due to 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 13/2 transitions and 670 nm (red) due to 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 11/2 transitions, gives BYR (blue-yellow-red) emissions. The Eu 2+ broad band PL emission spectrum was observed in M 5 (PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu phosphor at 440 nm in the blue region of the spectrum due to 5d → 4f transition at 352 nm excitation. The 300-400 nm is Hg-free excitation (Hg excitation is 85% 254 nm wavelength of light and 15% other wavelengths), which is characteristic of solid-state lighting phosphors. Hence PL emission in divalent europium and trivalent dysprosium may be efficient photoluminescent materials for solid-state lighting phosphors.

  1. TL dosimetric characterization of gamma irradiated SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayasudha, S., E-mail: jsnair.india@gmail.com [Mahatma Gandhi College, Kesavadasapuram, Pattom Palace P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695004 (India); Madhukumar, K.; Nair, C.M.K.; Nair, Resmi G. [Mahatma Gandhi College, Kesavadasapuram, Pattom Palace P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695004 (India); Rajesh, S. [Department of Materials & Ceramic Engineering, University of Aveiro, Aveiro 3810-193 (Portugal); Elias, T.S. [State Institute of Cancer Research, Medical College P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695011 (India); Anandakumar, V.M. [Mahatma Gandhi College, Kesavadasapuram, Pattom Palace P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695004 (India); State Institute of Cancer Research, Medical College P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695011 (India); Department of Materials & Ceramic Engineering, University of Aveiro, Aveiro 3810-193 (Portugal); Gopakumar, N. [Mahatma Gandhi College, Kesavadasapuram, Pattom Palace P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695004 (India)

    2017-03-15

    Thermoluminescence (TL) characteristics of SrSO{sub 4}:Eu nanostructured phosphor under gamma excitation has been studied and their suitability for environmental radiation dosimetry applications is discussed. The dopant level is tuned for optimum TL response. The effect of radiation dose and heating rate were investigated. The phosphor preserves linearity in the low dose region, 0.1 Gy to 20 Gy. PL studies of irradiated and un-irradiated phosphors reveal that the dopant Eu exists in divalent state and are the luminescence emission centres in the material. The fading properties of SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor are observed to be better than that of the commercial dosimeters TLD-200 and TLD-400. The kinetic parameters are calculated using Chen's method and initial rise method and verified by Computerized Glow curve Deconvolution (CGCD). The sensitivity of the synthesized phosphor is found to be very high when compared with that of the commercial standard dosimeter CaSO{sub 4}:Dy. The phosphor is found to be stable for short term radiation monitoring.

  2. TL characterization of Ag co-doped SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor for gamma dosimetry applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayasudha, S., E-mail: jsnair.india@gmail.com [Mahatma Gandhi College, Pattom Palace P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695004 (India); Madhukumar, K.; Nair, C.M.K.; Nair, Resmi G.; Anandakumar, V.M. [Mahatma Gandhi College, Pattom Palace P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695004 (India); Elias, T.S. [State Institute of Cancer Research, Medical College P.O., Thiruvananthapuram 695011 (India); Rajesh, S. [Campus Universitario de Santiago, Aveiro (Portugal)

    2017-04-15

    High temperature thermoluminescence (TL) emissions and improvement in fading due to the co-doping ofr Ag in the SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor synthesized through chemical precipitation technique when subjected to γ-excitation is discussed. The dopant concentrations were tuned for optimum TL sensitivity. Preliminary crystallographic and structural studies of the phosphors were done using PXRD, SEM, and TEM. The phosphor has a single phase orthorhombic lattice structure and the crystallites are found to be nanostructured. The presence of dopants in the host matrix is established through EDS and ICP-AES studies. The TL glow curve shows a single intense emission at 314 ├ó┬ü┬░C under γ- exposure of dose 1 Gy, which is given from a {sup 60}Co build-up. The dosimetric properties such as sensitivity, dose dependence, fading and reusability of SrSO{sub 4}:Eu,Ag phosphor were also studied. It is observed that co-doping with Ag improves the fading rate of the SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor by about 5%. Even though the luminescence intensity is found to be less than that of SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor, the Ag co-doped phosphor becomes significant owing to its improved fading rate and high temperature afterglow. The gamma sensitivity of the SrSO{sub 4}:Eu,Ag(0.5,0.5 mol%) phosphor is compared to that of the standard CaSO{sub 4}:Dy TLD phosphor. The TL kinetic parameters were calculated using IR, Chen's peak shape method and verified by the theoretical fit using GCD functions. - Highlights: • A High temperature TL emission is observed for the SrSO{sub 4}:Eu,Ag phosphor. • TL intensity is 10 times higher than that of standard CaSO{sub 4}:Dy. • Fading rate of SrSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor is improved by 5% with Ag co-doping. • Linear dose response in the range 10mGy-10Gy. • t .

  3. Luminescence of a new class of UV-blue-emitting phosphors MSi2O2-deltaN2+2/3delta:Ce3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Y.Q.; With, de G.; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    The luminescence properties of Ce3+,Na+-codoped MSi2O22dN2+2/3d (M 5 Ca, Sr, Ba) are reported. The undoped and Ce3+,Na+-codoped MSi2O22dN2+2/3d powders were prepared by a solid-state reaction at temperatures between 1300–1400 uC under N2–H2 (10%) atmosphere in the system MO–SiO2–Si3N4 (M 5 Ca, Sr,

  4. The feasibility of boron containing phosphors in thermal neutron image plates, in particular the systems M sub 2 B sub 5 O sub 9 X : Eu sup 2 sup + (M=Ca, Sr, Ba; X=Cl, Br) Part II: experimental results

    CERN Document Server

    Knitel, M J; Dorenbos, P; Eijk, C W E; Berezovskaya, I V; Dotsenko, V

    2000-01-01

    The storage phosphor properties of the compounds M sub 2 B sub 5 O sub 9 X : Eu sup 2 sup + (M=Ca, Sr, Ba; X=Cl, Br) have been studied. The best compounds, Sr sub 2 B sub 5 O sub 9 Br : Eu sup 2 sup + and Ca sub 2 B sub 5 O sub 9 Br : Eu sup 2 sup + , show a photostimulated luminescence yield of, respectively, 21 and 14 photons per incident thermal neutron. They contain natural boron. With these yields, image plates with detective quantum efficiency values of more than 40% are envisaged when using enriched sup 1 sup 0 B, but the stimulation energy at 633 nm is too high.

  5. BiCaSrCuO superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polvi, V.M.; Niemi, K.J.

    1989-01-01

    BiCaSrCuO and BiPbCaSrCuO powders have been synthesized. Different research methods (SEM,EDS,XRF,SRD,DTA) have been used to characterize the bulk specimen and wires. Resistance and current density measured as a function of temperature are reported. The ceramic products contained several phases. Lead containing specimen gave the best results and the synthesis was easily reproducible

  6. New NaSrPO4:Sm phosphor as orange-red emitting material

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Because NaSr1−xPO4:xSm3+ phosphor features a high colour-rendering index and chemical stability, it is potentially ... use blue LED chips (GaN or InGaN) with a yellow phosphor ... excitation by doping Sm3+ rare earth ions into a suitable.

  7. Combustion synthesis of Eu and Dy activated Sr3(VO4)2 phosphor ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    phosphor as well as Sr3(VO4)2:Dy is blue and yellow emitting phosphor for solid state lighting i.e. white LEDs. The ... 2004; Pang et al 2004) doped with rare earth has expanded ... controlled since the LED light output (intensity and colour).

  8. Eu and Sr2CeO4 : Eu phosphors suitable for near ultraviolet excitation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    The study on white light phosphors suitable for near- ultraviolet (nUV) ... Rare earth ion-doped phosphors have been used in varied fields ... practical applications. .... by naked eyes. ... induced by Sr2CeO4 host matrix (Arunachalam Laxmanan.

  9. Synthesis and luminescence properties of Eu"2"+ doped CaSO_4 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aghalte, G.A.; Dhoble, S.J.; Pawar, N.R.

    2016-01-01

    Eu"2"+ doped CaSO_4 Phosphor were synthesized by precipitation method. PL analysis of Eu"2"+ activated CaSO_4 phosphor exhibited characteristic emission properties; CaSO_4:Eu Phosphor has received considerable attention because of its high sensitivity to X-ray and λ ray irradiation. CaSO_4:Eu phosphor powder was successfully synthesized by the wet chemical co-precipitation method. The structure morphology and luminescent properties of the phosphor were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy

  10. Electronic structure of Ca, Sr, and Ba under pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Animalu, A. O. E.; Heine, V.; Vasvari, B.

    1967-01-01

    Electronic band structure calculations phase of Ca, Sr and Ba over wide range of atomic volumes under pressure electronic band structure calculations for fcc phase of Ca, Sr and Ba over wide range of atomic volumes under pressure electronic band structure calculations for fcc phase of Ca, Sr and Ba over wide range of atomic volumes under pressure

  11. Luminescence properties of Na2Sr2Al2PO4Cl9:Sm3+ phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamboli, Sumedha; Shahare, D. I.; Dhoble, S. J.

    2018-04-01

    A series of Sm3+ ions doped Na2Sr2Al2PO4Cl9 phosphors were synthesized via solid state synthesis method. Photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra were obtained by keeping excitation wavelength at 406 nm. Emission spectra show three emission peaks at 563 nm, 595 nm and 644 nm. The CIE chromaticity diagram shows emission colour of the phosphor in the orange-red region of the visible spectrum, indicating that the phosphor may be useful in preparing orange light-emitting diodes. Na2Sr2Al2PO4Cl9:Sm3+ phosphors were irradiated by γ-rays from a 60Co source and β-rays from a 90Sr source. Their thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves were obtained by Nucleonix 1009I TL reader. TL Trapping parameters such as activation energy of trapped electrons and order of kinetics were obtained by using Chen's peak shape method, Glow curve fitting method and initial rise method.

  12. A SrBPO5: Eu2+ phosphor for neutron imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakasai, K.; Katagiri, M.; Toh, K.; Nakamura, T.

    2001-01-01

    A SrBPO 5 : Eu 2+ phosphor material has been investigated for neutron imaging. This phosphor showed photostimulated luminescence (PSL) by illumination of 635 nm laser light after X-ray irradiation. The spectral characteristics of the phosphor were similar to those of BaFBr: Eu 2+ , which is a commonly used phosphor of imaging plates. In addition, we found that this phosphor also showed PSL for neutron irradiation. It comes from the fact that it contains atomic boron in base matrix. Therefore, this phosphor can be used for neutron imaging without adding neutron sensitive materials such as Gd in commercially available neutron imaging plates. The PSL intensity and the neutron detection will be increased by using enriched boron instead of natural boron. (author)

  13. Structural and compositional characterization of synthetic (Ca,Sr)-tremolite and (Ca,Sr)-diopside solid solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottschalk, M.; Najorka, J.; Andrut, M.

    Tremolite (CaxSr1-x)2Mg5[Si8O22/(OH)2] and diopside (CaxSr1-x)Mg[Si2O6] solid solutions have been synthesized hydrothermally in equilibrium with a 1 molar (Ca,Sr)Cl2 aqueous solution at 750°C and 200 MPa. The solid run products have been investigated by optical, electron scanning and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, electron microprobe, X-ray-powder diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The synthesized (Ca,Sr)-tremolites are up to 2000 µm long and 30 µm wide, the (Ca,Sr)-diopsides are up to 150 µm long and 20 µm wide. In most runs the tremolites and diopsides are well ordered and chain multiplicity faults are rare. Nearly pure Sr-tremolite (tr0.02Sr-tr0.98) and Sr-diopside (di0.01Sr-di0.99) have been synthesized. A continuous solid solution series, i.e. complete substitution of Sr2+ for Ca2+ on M4-sites exists for (Ca,Sr)-tremolite. Total substitution of Sr2+ for Ca2+ on M2-sites can be assumed for (Ca,Sr)-diopsides. For (Ca,Sr)-tremolites the lattice parameters a, b and β are linear functions of composition and increase with Sr-content whereas c is constant. For the diopside series all 4 lattice parameters are a linear function of composition; a, b, c increase and β decreases with rising Sr-content. The unit cell volume for tremolite increases 3.47% from 906.68 Å3 for tremolite to 938.21 Å3 for Sr-tremolite. For diopside the unit cell volume increases 4.87 % from 439.91 Å3 for diopside to 461.30 Å3 for Sr-diopside. The observed splitting of the OH stretching band in tremolite is caused by different configurations of the next nearest neighbors (multi mode behavior). Resolved single bands can be attributed to the following configurations on the M4-sites: SrSr, SrCa, CaCa and CaMg. The peak positions of these 4 absorption bands are a linear function of composition. They are shifted to lower wavenumbers with increasing Sr-content. No absorption band due to the SrMg configuration on the M4-site is observed. This indicates

  14. A novel UV-emitting phosphor: LiSr4(BO3)3: Pb2+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pekgözlü, İlhan

    2013-01-01

    Pure and Pb 2+ doped LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 materials were prepared by a solution combustion synthesis method. The phase analysis of all synthesized materials were determined using the powder XRD. The synthesized materials were investigated using spectrofluorometer at room temperature. The excitation and emission bands of LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 : Pb 2+ were observed at 284 and 328 nm, respectively. The dependence of the emission intensity on the Pb 2+ concentration for the LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 were studied in detail. It was observed that the concentration quenching of Pb 2+ in LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 is 0.005 mol. The Stokes shifts of LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 : Pb 2+ phosphor was calculated to be 4723 cm –1 . -- Highlights: • A novel UV-emitting phosphor: LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 : Pb 2+ ” synthesized for the first time. • The emission band of LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 : Pb 2+ was observed at 328 nm upon excitation with 284 nm. • LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 : Pb 2+ is a good phosphor for broadband UV application

  15. Photoluminescent properties of Sr2CeO4: Eu3+ and Sr2CeO4: Eu2+ phosphors suitable for near ultraviolet excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suresh, K.; Poornachandra Rao, N.V.; Murthy, K.V.R.

    2014-01-01

    Powder phosphors of 1 mol% Eu 3+ - and Eu 2+ -doped strontium cerium oxide (Sr 2 CeO 4 ) were synthesized by standard solid-state reaction method. Eu 3+ - and Eu 2+ -doped Sr 2 CeO 4 phosphors fired at 1100 ℃ for 2 h were analysed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) techniques. The XRD patterns confirm that the obtained phosphors are a single phase of Sr 2 CeO 4 composed of orthorhombic structure. Room temperature PL excitation spectrum of air-heated Sr 2 CeO 4 : Eu phosphor has exhibited bands at 260, 280 and 350 nm. Whereas the excitation spectrum of Sr 2 CeO 4 : Eu phosphor heated under reducing (carbon) atmosphere exhibited single broadband range from 260 to 390 nm. The (PL) emission peaks of both the phosphors at 467 (blue), 537 (green) and 616 nm (red) generate white light under 260, 280 and 350 nm excitation wavelengths. The Commission International de l'Eclairage (CIE) colour coordinates conforms that these phosphors emitting white light. The results reveal that these phosphors are multifunctional phosphors which emit white light under these excitations that they could be used as white components for display and lamp devices and as well as possible good light-conversion phosphor LEDs under near-ultraviolet (nUV) chip. (author)

  16. Crystal structure, thermally stability and photoluminescence properties of novel Sr10(PO4)6O:Eu2+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guo, Qingfeng; Liao, Libing; Mei, Lefu; Liu, Haikun

    2015-01-01

    A series of novel luminescent phosphors Sr 10 (PO 4 ) 6 O:Eu 2+ with apatite structure were synthesized via a high temperature solid-state reaction. The phase structure, photoluminescence (PL) properties, the PL thermal stability, as well as the fluorescence decay curves of the samples were investigated to characterize the resulting samples, and the selected Sr 9.97 (PO 4 ) 6 O:0.03Eu 2+ phosphor exhibits strong thermal quenching resistance, retaining the luminance of 88.73% at 150 °C. The quenching concentration of Eu 2+ in Sr 10 (PO 4 ) 6 O was about 0.03 attributing to the dipole–quadrupole interaction. The Sr 10 (PO 4 ) 6 O:Eu 2+ phosphor exhibited a broad-band blue emission at 439 nm upon excitation at 346 nm. The results indicate that Sr 10 (PO 4 ) 6 O:Eu 2+ phosphors have potential applications as near UV-convertible phosphors for white-light UV LEDs. - Graphical abstract: Sr 10 (PO 4 ) 6 O:Eu 2+ phosphors have potential applications as near UV-convertible phosphors for white-light UV LEDs. - Highlights: • Sr 9.97 (PO 4 ) 6 O:0.03Eu 2+ phosphor exhibits strong thermal quenching resistance. • Two different Eu 2+ emission centers exists in Sr 10 (PO 4 ) 6 O. • The activation energy was also estimated for the Eu 2+ luminescence center

  17. Luminescence and luminescence quenching of Sr{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}(Si{sub 3}O{sub 9}){sub 2}:Ce{sup 3+} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mikalauskaite, I.; Raudonyte-Svirbutaviciene, E. [Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences, Vilnius University, Naugarduko 24, LT-03225 Vilnius (Lithuania); Linkeviciute, A. [State Research Institute, Centre for Physical Sciences and Technology, Sauletekio Avenue 3, LT-10257 Vilnius (Lithuania); Urbonas, M. [Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences, Vilnius University, Naugarduko 24, LT-03225 Vilnius (Lithuania); Katelnikovas, A., E-mail: arturas.katelnikovas@chf.vu.lt [Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences, Vilnius University, Naugarduko 24, LT-03225 Vilnius (Lithuania)

    2017-04-15

    A series of near-UV to blue emitting Sr{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}(Si{sub 3}O{sub 9}){sub 2}:Ce{sup 3+} phosphors were prepared by a solid state reaction. The optical properties of synthesized phosphors were investigated as a function of Ce{sup 3+} concentration and temperature. These luminescent materials strongly absorb UV radiation shorter than 360 nm. The optimal Ce{sup 3+} concentration was 0.1% (external quantum efficiency ca. 45%). Temperature dependent measurements showed that Sr{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}(Si{sub 3}O{sub 9}){sub 2}:Ce{sup 3+} phosphors possess good thermal stability and loses only about 40% to 50% of initial intensity in the temperature range of 77–500 K depending on activator concentration.

  18. Regional and interspecific variation in Sr, Ca, and Sr/Ca ratios in avian eggshells from the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora, Miguel A; Brattin, Bryan; Baxter, Catherine; Rivers, James W

    2011-08-01

    To examine regional variation in strontium (Sr), which at high concentrations may reduce eggshell quality, increase egg breakage and reproductive failure, we analyzed Sr, and calcium (Ca) concentrations and Sr/Ca ratios in eggshells from 20 avian species from California, Texas, Idaho, Kansas, and Michigan. In addition, we included data previously reported from Arizona to expand the regional comparisons and to better establish patterns of Sr, and Sr/Ca ratios in bird species across the United States. We found Sr concentrations varied significantly among regions, among species, and among foraging guilds; this variability is strongly influenced by the Sr/Ca ratios in surface water from locations close to the region where the eggshells were collected. Sr concentrations and Sr/Ca ratios were significantly higher in bird eggshells from the Volta wildlife region in the San Joaquin Valley, California and in various locales from Arizona. Sr concentrations and Sr/Ca ratios in bird eggshells from other locations in the USA were lower than those detected in these two regions. Among foraging guilds, invertivores had the highest Sr concentrations and Sr/Ca ratios and carnivores had the lowest. In general, the Sr/Ca ratio increased strongly with increasing Sr concentrations (R(2) = 0.99, P eggshells suggesting that these values could be determined from Sr/Ca ratios in water. Eggshell thickness was poorly correlated with Sr (R(2) = 0.03) but had a significant and positive correlation with Ca and was more properly correlated by a quadratic equation (R(2) = 0.50, Thickness = 2.13 - 0.02Ca - 3.07 * 10(-5)Ca(2)). Our study provides further evidence that Sr accumulates significantly in the avian eggshell, in some regions at concentrations which could be of concern for potential negative effects on reproduction. We suggest that when assessing the effects of metals on avian reproduction in regions with high Sr deposits in rock and soil, Sr concentrations in the eggshell also should be

  19. Synthesis, structural and luminescent aspect of Tb3+ doped Sr2SnO4 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taikar, Deepak R.

    2016-01-01

    A novel green emitting, Tb 3+ doped Sr 2 SnO 4 phosphor was synthesized by the co-precipitation method and its photoluminescence characterization was performed. Sr 2 SnO 4 has an ordered tetragonal K 2 NiF 4 -type structure with space group I4/mmm. The structure of Sr 2 SnO 4 consists of SnO 6 octahedra. From the structure of Sr 2 SnO 4 , it was observed that the sites of Sn 4+ ions have inverse symmetry while the Sr 2+ ions have the low symmetry. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the formation of Sr 2 SnO 4 :Tb 3+ . Photoluminescence measurements showed that the phosphor exhibited bright green emission at about 543 nm attributed to 5 D 4 à 7 F 5 transition of Tb 3+ ion under UV excitation. The emission spectra did not exhibit conventional blue emission peaks of Tb 3+ ions due to 5 D 3 → 7 F J transitions in the spectral region 350-470 nm. The excitation spectra indicate that this compound may be useful as a lamp phosphor. (author)

  20. Enhanced luminescence in SrMgAl(x)O(17±δ):yMn4+ composite phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Renping; Sharafudeen, Kaniyarakkal N; Qiu, Jianrong

    2014-01-03

    Red-emitting SrMgAlxO17±δ:yMn(4+) composite phosphors (x=10-100; y=0.05-4.0 mol%) are synthesized by solid-state reaction method in air. Addition of Al2O3 leads to the formation of two concomitant phases, i.e., SrMgAl10O17 and Al2O3 phases in the composite phosphor. Red emission from Mn(4+) ions in the composite phosphors is greatly enhanced due to multiple scattering and absorption of excitation light between SrMgAl10O17 and Al2O3 phases. SrMgAlxO17±δ:yMn(4+) composite phosphors would be a promising candidate as red phosphor in the application of a 397 nm near UV-based W-LED. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Tuning the luminescence color and enhancement of afterglow properties of Sr(4−x−y)CaxBayAl14O25:Eu2+,Dy3+ phosphor by adjusting the composition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luitel, Hom Nath; Watari, Takanori; Chand, Rumi; Torikai, Toshio; Yada, Mitsunori; Mizukami, Hiroshi

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Excitation and fluorescence emission spectra of three extreme compositions of Ca, Sr and Ba in Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 phosphor (viz. 4CaO·7Al 2 O 3 , 4SrO·7Al 2 O 3 and 4BaO·7Al 2 O 3 ) doped with 4 at% Eu 2+ and 8 at% Dy 3+ (inset shows the digital micrograph of corresponding phosphors). -- Highlights: • Bright phosphor, Sr (4−x−y) Ca x Ba y Al 14 O 25 :Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ , was synthesized by adjusting the composition. • The solid solubility of Ca and Ba in the Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 host was determined to be 20 and 10 mol%, respectively. • Substituting part of Sr by Ca, the emission color can be well tuned from blue to green. • A white afterglow was observed when 3.2 mol of Sr was substituted by Ca. • The afterglow luminescence was enhanced by 1.5 times by 0.2 mol Ca substitution. -- Abstract: Color point tuning is an important challenge for improving the practical applications of various displays, especially there are very limited white color single hosts that emits in the white spectrum. In this paper, the possibility of color tuning by substituting part of host lattice cation (Sr 2+ ions) by Ca 2+ or Ba 2+ ions in an efficient strontium aluminate phosphor, Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 :Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ , is reported and found to be very promising for displays. A detail study by replacing part of Sr 2+ with Ca 2+ or Ba 2+ has been investigated. X-ray diffraction study showed that crystal structure of Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 is preserved up to 20 mol of Ca 2+ ion exchange while it is limited to 10 mol of Ba 2+ ions exchange. Substantial shift in the emission band and color were observed by substitution of Sr 2+ by Ca 2+ or Ba 2+ ions. A bluish-white emission and afterglow was observed at higher Ca 2+ ions substitution. Further, partial Ca 2+ substitutions (up to 0.8 mol) resulted in enhanced afterglow of Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 :Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ phosphor. However, Ba 2+ substitution decreased the fluorescence as well afterglow of the Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 :Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ phosphor

  2. Measurement of thermal neutron fluence with CaSO4 thermoluminescent phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Jinhua; Su Jingling; Wei Zemin

    1984-01-01

    During neutron irradiation, some TL phosphors were activated. After leaving the irradiation field the TL phosphor produced self-irradiation. The TL output of self-dose was only related to the original neutron fluence and independent of the γ-radiation. Several CaSO 4 TL phosphors were made. They were CaSO 4 :Dy, CaSO 4 :Dy-Teflon, CaSO 4 :Dy mixed with Dy 2 O 3 , CaSO 4 :Mn mixed with Dy 2 O 3 . The linearity, and lower detection limits of these TL phosphors were measured. The thermal neutron response of CaSO 4 :Mn mixed with Dy 2 O 3 was 64 R/(10 10 cm -2 ) and the lower detection limit was 1.3x10 5 cm -2

  3. A novel orange emissive phosphor SrWO4:Sm3+ for white light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ju Zhenghua; Wei Ruiping; Ma Jingxin; Pang Chaoran; Liu Weisheng

    2010-01-01

    Research highlights: → A novel orange emissive phosphor SrWO 4 :Sm 3+ was firstly reported. → The optics properties of Sm 3+ -doped SrWO 4 phosphor were successfully discussed. → The temperature-dependent luminescence indicates the phosphor exhibits a small thermal-quenching property. → The phosphor is a potential candidate as orange-emitting component for white LED. - Abstract: A novel orange emissive phosphor, Sm 3+ -doped SrWO 4 , was synthesized by high temperature solid-state reaction in air atmosphere. The excitation spectra show that the phosphors can be efficiently excited by ultraviolet and near-ultraviolet light, the optimized concentration is 4 mol%. Three emission peaks locate at 562, 596 and 642 nm, corresponding to CIE chromaticity coordinates of (x = 0.54, y = 0.46), which indicates the orange light emitting. The decay curves are well fitted with triple-exponential decay models. The quantum yield of the Sr 0.96 Sm 0.04 WO 4 phosphor is about 70.65% under excitation of 377 nm. Furthermore, the temperature-dependent luminescence indicates the phosphor exhibits a small thermal-quenching property. So the phosphor is able to be applied to UV-LED chip-based white light-emitting diodes.

  4. An open aperture z-scan study of Sr2CeO4 blue phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seema, R.; Sandeep, C.S. Suchand; Philip, Reji; Kalarikkal, Nandakumar

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → Sr 2 CeO 4 blue phosphor has been prepared by a solid state reaction method. → The XRD study confirms that the structure of the system is orthorhombic. → The TEM reveals that Sr 2 CeO 4 is composed of elongated spherical structures of length ∼0.2-0.6 μm. → The FFT of TEM, XRD peaks and the JCPDS values are compared, from which the Sr 2 CeO 4 phase is reconfirmed. → A z-scan measurement gives the effective two-photon absorption coefficient to be 3.9 x 10 -11 m/W. - Abstract: Sr 2 CeO 4 blue phosphor has been prepared by the solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) study confirms the structure of the system to be orthorhombic. High resolution electron transmission microscopy reveals that Sr 2 CeO 4 prepared by the solid state reaction method is composed of elongated spherical structures of length ∼0.2-0.6 μm and width ∼90-150 nm. The excitation spectrum shows a broad band which peaks at 275 nm. The emission spectrum shows a broad band which peaks at 467 nm when excited at 275 nm. The emission band is assigned to the energy transfer between the molecular orbital of the ligand and charge transfer (CT) state of the Ce 4+ ion. The Commission International de l'Eclairage (CIE) co-ordinates are x = 0.15, and y = 0.23. The nonlinear absorption behavior of Sr 2 CeO 4 has been investigated using the open aperture z-scan technique. The calculated effective two-photon absorption coefficient shows that the Sr 2 CeO 4 blue phosphor is a promising optical limiting material.

  5. Effect of UV irradiation on different types of luminescence of SrAl2 O4 :Eu,Dy phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Piyush

    2016-11-01

    This paper reports the luminescence behavior of Sr 0.097 Al 2 O 4 :Eu 0.01 ,Dy 0.02 phosphors under UV-irradiation. The effect of UV-irradiation on afterglow (AG), thermoluminescence (TL) and mechanoluminescence (ML) of Sr 0.097 Al 2 O 4 :Eu 0.01 ,Dy 0.02 phosphors is investigated. The space group of Sr 0.097 Al 2 O 4 :Eu 0.01 ,Dy 0.02 phosphors is monoclinic P2 1 . The prepared phosphors exhibit a long AG, intense TL and ML. It is found that the AG, ML intensity and TL increase with increasing duration of irradiation time. The ML intensity decreases with successive impact of the load onto the phosphors, whereby the diminished ML intensity can be recovered by UV-irradiation. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Luminescence properties of Eu2+ - activated alkaline-earth silicon-oxynitride MSi2O2-deltaN2+2/3delta (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) : A promising class of novel LED conversion phosphors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Y.Q.; Delsing, A.C.A.; With, de G.; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    The luminescence properties of Eu2+-activated alk.-earth Si-oxynitrides were studied. In the BaO-SiO2-Si3N4 system, a new BaSi2O2N2 compd. was obtained having the monoclinic structure with lattice parameters a 14.070(4), b 7.276(2), c 13.181(3) .ANG., b 107.74(6)°. All MSi2O2-dN2+2/3d:Eu2+ (M = Ca,

  7. 4f and 5d energy levels of the divalent and trivalent lanthanide ions in M2Si5N8 (M=Ca, Sr, Ba)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kate, ten O.M.; Zhang, Z.; Dorenbos, P.; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.; Kolk, van der E.

    2013-01-01

    Optical data of Sm, Tb and Yb doped Ca2Si5N8 and Sr2Si5N8 phosphors that have been prepared by solid-state synthesis, are presented. Together with luminescence data from literature on Ce3+ and Eu2+ doping in the M2Si5N8 (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) hosts, energy level schemes were constructed showing the energy

  8. Improved photoluminescence properties of a new green SrB2O4:Tb3+ phosphor by charge compensation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, Zhan-Chao; Wang, Ping; Liu, Jie; Li, Chao; Zhou, Wen-Hui; Kuang, Shao-Ping

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► New green-emitting SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ phosphor was synthesized by solid-state reaction. ► Li + , Na + , and K + can all increase luminescent intensity of SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ . ► Na + is the optimal charge compensator among Li + , Na + and K + . ► SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ is a promising green phosphor for fabricating WLED. -- Abstract: A new green-emitting SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ phosphor was synthesized by solid-state reaction. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed all the samples with orthorhombic formation of SrB 2 O 4 . The excitation spectra indicate the phosphor can be effectively excited by near ultraviolet (NUV) light, making it attractive as conversion phosphor for LED applications. The phosphor exhibits a bright green emission with the highest photoluminescence (PL) intensity at 544 nm excited by 378 nm light. The critical quenching concentration of Tb 3+ in SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ is about 10 mol%. The effects of charge compensators (Li + , Na + , and K + ) on photoluminescence of SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ were also studied. The results show that the emission intensity can be improved by all the three charge compensators and Na + is the optimal one for SrB 2 O 4 :Tb 3+ . All properties show that the phosphor is a promising green phosphor pumped by NUV InGaN chip for fabricating white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs).

  9. Synthesis and Luminescent Properties of Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} Phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishioka, H; Watari, T; Eguchi, T; Yada, M, E-mail: watarit@cc.saga-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1 Hojo-Machi, Saga 840-8502 (Japan)

    2011-05-15

    Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors and Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} persistent phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reaction method at 1300deg. C using SrCO{sub 3}, SiO{sub 2}(silica: 3 {mu} m and fumed silica: 7nm), Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0.01 to 0.06 mol% Eu) and Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0.005 to 0.02 mol% Dy) powders. The amount of the stable {beta}- Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phase had decreased and the amount of the {alpha}'-Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} increased with the increase of the Eu content. The solid solution of Eu{sup 2+} ion stabilized {alpha}'-Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} at room temperature. The emission color of the Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} products changed from the turquoise blue to yellow with the increase of the Eu content. The maximum emission peak position changed to the higher wavelength with the increase of the Eu content. The emission peak at 490nm(green color) was from {beta}- Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phase and that at 560nm(yellow color) was from {alpha}'-Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phase. The change of the phase content in the products affects the color and the emission peak. The emission intensity of the products from fumed silica is stronger than the products from silica. Sr{sub 1.98-x}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sub 0.02}, Dy{sub x} persistent phosphors products showed the persistent emission for a few minutes with the naked eyes. The behavior was observed from all products. The product from fumed silica at x = 0.01 showed the strong emission for tens of seconds.

  10. Determination of Ca, P, Sr and Mg in the synthetic biomaterial aragonite by NAA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oudadesse, H.; Derrien, A.C.; Lucas-Girot, A.

    2004-01-01

    In orthopaedic surgery, synthetic biomaterials encountered a great success. In this work, the 'in-vivo' behaviour of aragonite synthesized in our laboratory was studied. The in vivo experiments have been carried out on femurs sites of nine ovine. Neutron activation analysis was applied to evaluate the ossification kinetics of synthetic aragonite. The content of several elements (Ca, P, Sr and Mg and phosphorous to calcium ratio) were determined versus time after implantation. Results showed that the biomaterial undergoes a lot of transformations during time. The chemical composition of the aragonite was modified and progress to become close to that of an ovine bone. Biological studies assess its biocompatibility. (author)

  11. High colour purity single-phased full colour emitting white LED phosphor Sr2V2O7:Eu3+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Zhi; Zhou Nan; He Zhangxing; Liu Suqin; Liu Younian; Tian Ziwei; Wang Nanfang; Mao Zhiyong; Hintzen, H T

    2013-01-01

    Single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor Sr 2 V 2 O 7 :Eu 3+ was successfully synthesized by the solid-state method. The result of x-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the obtained phosphor has the same crystal structure as that of Sr 2 V 2 O 7 . The synthesized Sr 2 V 2 O 7 :Eu 3+ was combined with near-UV light (365 nm) chips and then assembled into ligtht-emitting diodes (LED) devices, which generated white light with colour coordinates of (0.324, 0.317). The white light was generated from yellow-green and red emissions, which should be attributed to the host Sr 2 V 2 O 7 and dopant Eu ions, respectively. The effects of the concentration of Eu ions and charge compensation on the emission intensity were carefully investigated. The results show that the energy migrates from the host to the dopant and also that Li 2 CO 3 should be the best charge compensator for this single-phased phosphor. In addition, the colour rendering index and luminescence efficiency of the fabricated LED devices with Sr 1.90 V 2 O 7 :0.10Eu 3+ phosphor were 91 and 32 lm W -1 , respectively, suggesting that Sr 1.90 V 2 O 7 :0.10Eu 3+ phosphor is a potential candidate for the phosphor-converted white-light-emitting diodes with near-UV chips.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of Sr2CeO4: Eu3+ phosphor by different forms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murthy, K.V.R.; Rao, Ch. Atchyutha; Suresh, K.; Ratna Kumar, B.W.; Nageswara Rao, B.; Poornachandra Rao, N.V.; Subba Rao, B.

    2011-01-01

    High temperature solid state reaction method was explored to synthesize undoped Sr 2 CeO 4 and Eu 3+ RE doped Sr 2 CeO 4 phosphor using inorganic materials taking in three different forms like, form (i) Strontium Carbonate (SrCO 3 ), Cerium Oxide (CeO 2 ), (ii) Strontium Nitrate (Sr(NO 3 ) 2 ), Cerium Oxide (CeO 2 ) and (iii) Strontium Nitrate (Sr(NO 3 ) 2 ), Cerium Nitrate (Ce(NO 3 ) 3 .6(NH 2 .CO.NH 2 ) in stoichiometric proportions of Sr:Ce as 2:1 and ground into a fine powder using agate mortar and pestle about an hour. The grounded samples were placed in an alumina crucible and fired at 1200 deg C for 3 hours in a muffle furnace with a heating rate of 5 deg C/min. To investigate the crystal structure, phase, morphology and luminescent properties of the synthesized phosphors XRD, SEM, Photoluminescence (PL) spectra, TL and CIE techniques were used. The Photoluminescence (PL) emission and excitation spectra were measured by Spectrofluorophotometer (SHIMADZU, RF-5301 PC) using Xenon lamp as excitation source. To identify the crystal phase, XRD analysis was carried out with a powder diffractometer (Rigaku-D/max 2500) using CuKα radiation. The microstructures of the samples were studied using a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (XL 30 CP Philips). All the analysis was recorded at room temperature. We have compared the results of the prepared samples by different forms. From the XRD analysis it was found that the prepared phosphors are mostly in single phase of Sr 2 CeO 4 with an orthorhombic structure. From the XRD data, using Scherrer's formula the calculated average crystallite size is (i) ∼ 28 nm (ii) ∼ 9 nm (iii) ∼ 7 nm using FWHM. This indicates that, the prepared phosphors via high temperature solid state reaction method is in nano size. Sr 2 CeO 4 exhibits photoluminescence due to the charge transfer (CT) mechanism. The sample displays a broad excitation spectrum range from ∼ 220 to 400 nm. Under 350 nm excitation, the undoped Sr 2 CeO 4 shows

  13. Luminescence properties and energy transfer investigations of Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3:Ce"3"+, Tb"3"+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Zaifa; Xu, Denghui; Sun, Jiayue; Du, Jiangnan; Gao, Xuedong

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • A phosphor Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3:Ce"3"+, Tb"3"+ for UV-based white LEDs was firstly synthesized successfully. • The phase structure and photoluminescence properties of samples were studied in detail. • The energy transfer process from Ce"3"+ to Tb"3"+ ions was illustrated in detail. • Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3:Ce"3"+, Tb"3"+ phosphor has potential applications as an UV-convertible phosphor for white light emitting diodes. - Abstract: A series of Ce"3"+ or Tb"3"+ doped and Ce"3"+/Tb"3"+ co-doped Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3 phosphors were prepared via the conventional high temperature solid-state reaction. The phase structure, photoluminescence and energy transfer properties of samples were studied in detail. The optimal proportion of Ce"3"+ single doping is 4 mol% with maximal fluorescence intensity. The Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3:Ce"3"+, Tb"3"+ phosphor shows both a blue emission (428 nm) from Ce"3"+ and a yellowish-green emission (545 nm) from Tb"3"+ with considerable intensity under ultraviolet (UV) excitation (268 nm). The energy transfer from Ce"3"+ to Tb"3"+ ions takes place in the Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3:Ce"3"+, Tb"3"+ phosphor on the basis of the analysis of the luminescence spectra. The energy transfer mechanism from Ce"3"+ to Tb"3"+ ions was proved to be dipole–dipole interaction. The energy transfer behaviors in Sr_3Lu(PO_4)_3:Ce"3"+, Tb"3"+ phosphor is also investigated by the lifetime measurement. The results show that this phosphor has potential applications for UV white-light LEDs.

  14. Calculated energy dependence of CaSO4:Dy TL phosphor and phosphor embedded Teflon for X and gamma rays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, J.-K.; Nam, Y.-M.; Kim, J.-L.; Chang, S.-Y.; Kim, B.-H.

    2001-01-01

    The energy dependence of a CaSO 4 :Dy TL phosphor for 21 monoenergetic photons of energy ranging from 0.01 to 3 MeV was calculated by using MCNP4A code. The calculation results show good agreement with those of other authors within ± 5% relative error. Calculations and experiments are also performed to determine the energy dependence of CaSO 4 : Dy phosphor with Dy concentrations from 0.01 to 1.5 mol %, and with the compositions of TL-Teflon from 10 to 90 wt %. The calculated energy responses show good agreement with the experiment results within ± 20% relative error except for a concentration lower than 0.1 mol % Dy and the low energy regions of M30 (Eave.=20 keV) and M60 (Eave.=34 keV). For the TL-Teflon mixture, the energy dependence shows an decreasing trend with the increase of Teflon concentration in MCNP calculation but shows no dependence for TL-Teflon mixture proportions in experiment. These differences are due to the non-homogeneous distribution of Dy concentration and the effect of large grain size in the phosphors. The energy dependence of the 30 wt/o CaSO 4 (0.1 mol%;Dy) and 70 wt/o Teflon that is placed behind the filters of plastic, aluminum, copper, tin and lead with a thickness from 0.1 to 2 mm were calculated, respectively

  15. Mechanoluminescence, photoluminescence and thermoluminescence studies of SrZrO3:Ce phosphor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha Tiwari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper reports the synthesis and characterization, photoluminescence thermoluminescence and mechanoluminescence studies of Ce3+ doped SrZrO3 phosphors. The effects of variable concentration of Cerium on meachanoluminescence (ML and photoluminescence behavior were studied. The samples were prepared by combustion a synthesis technique which is suitable for less time taking techniques also for large scale production for phosphors. The starting material used for sample preparation are Sr(NO33, Zr(NO33 XH2O and Ce(NO33 6H2O and urea used as a fuel. The prepared sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD with variable concentration of Ce (0.05–0.5 mol%. There is no any phase change found with increase the concentration of Ce. Sample shows orthorhombic structure and the particle size calculated by Scherer's formula. The surface morphology of prepared phosphor was determined by field emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEGSEM technique. Mechanoluminescence studies on SrZrO3phosphors doped with Ce and underwent an impulsive deformation with an impact of a piston for Mechanoluminescence (ML investigations. Temporal characteristics in order to investigate about the luminescence centre responsible for ML peak, increasing impact velocity causes more number of electrons will be ionized to reach to the conduction band so there will be more number of electrons available to be recombined at recombination or luminescence centre. In photoluminescence study PL emission spectra show the isolated peak position observed at 388 nm near UV region of spectrum due to 5d–4f transition of Ce3+ion.Thermoluminescence study shows doping of Ce3+ ions reduced the TL intensity TL glow curve shows the high fading and less stability when it doped with cerium. The activation energy high for the doped SrZrO3 phosphor means that the trapped electron is highly trapped in trap level. The present study gives the advance application for fracture

  16. Metabolism of Ca and Sr in late adult life

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Newton, D.; Harrison, G.E.; Rundo, J.; Kang, C.; Warner, A.J.

    1990-01-01

    Data are presented on the metabolism of Ca and Sr in a healthy male volunteer who, in a series of investigations conducted between the ages of 53 and 82 y, received controlled intakes of 45 Ca, 47 Ca, or 85 Sr. No age-related trends were established, either in factors affecting the skeletal deposition of the tracers or in their subsequent retention studied for up to 462 d after intake. The data thus lend support to an important working postulate in the ICRP's model of alkaline earth metabolism

  17. Photoluminescence study of Dy3+ doped SrCeVO5 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suresh, K.; Dai, Ch. Vijay Anil; Murthy, K.V.R.

    2016-01-01

    Dy 3+ doped SrCeVO 5 phosphor was synthesized by the solid-state reaction method. Photoluminescence (PL) technique was performed to characterize the sample. The excitation spectra monitored under 520 nm and 610 nm wavelength was characterized by a broad band ranging from 220-400 nm. From the excitation spectra two main bands at 265 nm and 325 nm were observed. The PLE intensity of 520 nm monitored shows high intensity than 610 nm spectrum. The emission spectra of SrCeVO 5 phosphor under excitations at 265 nm and 325 nm exhibited main peak at 515 nm (cyan) which is a strong, intense well resolved peak with FWHM (full width at half maximum) of 130 nm is observed. This emission is mainly may be due to Ce ion but not Dy ion. The same emission under 640 and 670 nm excitations (up conversion) with good intensity was also observed. Commission international de l'eclairage (CIE) co-ordinates under these excitations revealed that this phosphor emit cyan colour and could be used for the generation of white light in display and lamp devices. (author)

  18. Structures and self-activating photoluminescent properties of Sr3−xAxGaO4F (A=Ba, Ca) materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green, Robert; Vogt, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The synthesis, structures and photoluminescent properties of mixed oxyfluorides of the type Sr 3−x A x GaO 4 F are compared to Sr 3−x A x AlO 4 F (A=Ca, Ba) materials. In these compounds the F − and O 2− ions are ordered and located on two distinct crystallographic sites. When substituting Sr 2+ by Ba 2+ and Ca 2+ , we find in Sr 3−x A x GaO 4 F materials an ordering of the alkaline earth cations over the two crystallographic sites. The amount of Ba 2+ ions that can be substituted into Sr 3−x A x GaO 4 F is x≤1.2, which is slightly more than can be incorporated into the previously reported Al-analog Sr 3−x A x AlO 4 F (x=1.0). Conversely, the amount of Ca 2+ ions that can be substituted into Sr 3−x Ca x GaO 4 F (x=0.3) is significantly less than in Sr 3−x Ca x AlO 4 F (x=1.0). A post-synthesis reduction step causes these materials to exhibit self-activating broad band photoluminescence where the emitted colors vary with the amount of ions substituted into the host lattice. - Graphical abstract: TOC Statement The structures of the self-activating phosphors Sr 3−x A x MO 4 F (A=Ba, Ca and M=Al, Ga) can be rationalized as alternating layers of bond compression and elongation, which impact the photoluminescence. Highlights: ► Comparison of the structural changes in Sr 3−x A x AlO 4 F and Sr 3−x A x GaO 4 F (A=Ba, Ca) and its influence on the photoluminescence of these self-activating phosphors. ► Analysis of the Global Instability Index of the Sr 3−x A x AlO 4 F and Sr 3−x A x GaO 4 F (A=Ba, Ca). ► Comparison of the photoluminescence between the self-activating phosphors Sr 3−x A x AlO 4 F and Sr 3−x A x GaO 4 F (A=Ba, Ca).

  19. Thermal neutron detection by activation of CaSO4:Dy + KBr thermoluminescent phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gordon, A.M.P.L.; Muccillo, R.

    1979-01-01

    Thermoluminescence (TL) studies to detect thermal neutrons were performed in cold-pressed CaSO 4 :0,1%Dy + KBr samples. The detection is based on the self-irradiation of the CaSO 4 :Dy TL phosphor by the Br isotopes activated by exposure to a mixed neutron-gamma field. (Author) [pt

  20. Photoluminescence properties of Eu2+-activated Ca2Y2Si2O9 phosphor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Zhijun; Delsing, A.C.A.; Notten, P.H.L.; Zhao, Jingtai; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    Eu2+-activated Ca2Y2Si2O9 phosphors with different Eu2+ concentrations have been prepared by a solid-state reaction method at high temperature and their photoluminescence (PL) properties were investigated. Photoluminescence results show that Eu2+-doped Ca2Y2Si2O9 can be efficiently excited by

  1. Synthesis and luminescence properties of SrMoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu or Tb) phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Shinho [Silla University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-15

    SrMoO{sub 4}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu or Tb) phosphors were synthesized with different concentrations of activator ions by using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The effects of the concentration of activator ions on the structural, morphological, and optical properties of strontium molybdate phosphors were investigated by using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and fluorescence spectrophotometry, respectively. XRD patterns revealed that all synthesized phosphors showed the tetragonal SrMoO{sub 4} structure, irrespective of the type and the concentration of activator ions. The crystallite size showed an overall increasing tendency with increasing concentration of activator ions. The emission spectra of Eu{sup 3+}-doped SrMoO{sub 4} phosphors under excitation at 295 nm exhibited one intense red band at 619 nm and five weak bands centered at 541, 561, 596, 657, and 704 nm, respectively. For the Tb{sup 3+}-doped SrMoO{sub 4} phosphors, a strong emission peak at 550 nm and two weak lines, 494 and 591 nm, were observed. The intensities of all the emission bands reached maxima when 0.05 mol of Tb{sup 3+} ions was used. The results suggest that the optimum concentrations for synthesizing highly-luminescent red and green phosphors are 0.01 mol and 0.05 mol, respectively.

  2. Effect of temperature during UV and gamma irradiations of TL phosphor CaSO4:Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpal, J.S.; Pendurkar, H.K.

    1979-01-01

    Temperature is an important parameter in thermoluminescence studies. Irradiation at enhanced temperatures reduces the γ response of TL phosphor CaSO 4 :Dy. However, in the presence of fluorescent lights, the γ response of the phosphor is enhanced by approximately 20% for temperatures around 60-100 0 C. If the phosphor temperature during UV exposure is kept high, the integrated TL output continues to increase until it reaches 18 times at 160 0 C as compared to that produced by UV exposure at room temperature. (Auth.)

  3. Facile preparation and formation mechanism of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ red-emitting phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yang; Wang, Yunli; Wang, Ming; Shao, Yiran; Zhu, Yingchun

    2018-05-01

    The red-emitting Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ phosphors have been synthesized in a new facile process using (oxy)nitride precursors by inductive calcination under N2 atmosphere at ordinary pressure. Different from the prevailing methods, lower cost raw materials, simpler pretreatment, without harsh conditions and a shorter reaction time are achieved. It was found that red-emitting Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ phosphors were synthesized with high crystallinity and purity after 1 h inductive calcination. The formation mechanism was characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and Fluorescence microscopy. It was demonstrated that a hexagonal mesophase of Sr-doped α-Si3N4 was primarily formed in the reaction process, which transformed into the final product of the orthorhombic Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ phosphors. During the reaction process, the color of the samples transforms from greenish-yellow to orange and eventually to red. The as-prepared phosphors have a wide excitation in the range of 250 ∼ 570 nm which matches blue light chips and give a red-light emission peaking at 610 nm. The results indicate a promising prospect for a simple, efficient and inexpensive way to prepare Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ phosphors for blue/UV-based warm-white LEDs and other fluorescent applications.

  4. UVB emitting LiSrBO3 phosphor for phototherapy lamp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunghatkar, R. G.; Hemne, P. S.; Dhoble, S. J.

    2018-05-01

    LiSrBO3 doped Gadolinium have been synthesized by sol gel technique. The formation of host was confirmed by XRD techniques. The incorporation of Gd3+ was confirmed by photoluminescence (PL) characterization. The UVB emission is observed at 316 nm when UV excited by 274 nm. The second order emission are also observed in PL emission spectra at 612 nm and 627 nm. Energy band gap is found to be 5.81 eV by using Kubelka - Munk function. The UVB emission at 316 nm of Gd3+ doped materials are used as phototherapy lamp phosphor.

  5. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of LiSrPO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor for solid state lighting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Game, D. N., E-mail: deorao.game@gmail.com [Deccan Education Society’s Technical Institute, Fergusson College Campus, Pune (India); Taide, S. T.; Khan, Z. S.; Omanwar, S. K. [Department of Physics, Sant Gadge Baba, Aravati University, Amravati (India); Ingale, N. B. [Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research, Badnera, Amravati (India)

    2016-05-06

    A novel method to prepare orthophosphate LiSrPO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 2+} phosphor for white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) is given in this paper. Phosphor was successfully synthesized by Pechini (citrate gel) method which is efficient than conventional high temperature solid state reaction. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the single phase formation of LiSrPO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} with monoclinic crystal structure. Luminescence results showed that the phosphor could be efficiently excited by near UV and exhibited bright blue emission at λ{sub em} = 420 nm corresponding to 5d– 4f transition of Eu{sup 2+}. The phosphor exhibits blue emission bands under 350 nm excitation. This mercury-free excitation is useful for solid state lighting and light-emitting diode (LED). Hence it could be useful for solid state lighting and light-emitting diode (LED) application.

  6. Acetate reduction synthesis of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ phosphor and its luminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piao Xianqing; Machida, Ken-ichi; Horikawa, Takashi; Yun Bonggoo

    2010-01-01

    A novel synthesis method was developed for the efficient red phosphor, Eu 2+ -activated Sr 2 Si 5 N 8 , by employing the strontium acetate as both the reducing agent and strontium source. The phase purity of final product was strongly dependent on the heating rate of the precursors. Sr 2 Si 5 N 8 :Eu 2+ (2 at%) phosphor presented a broadband excitation spectrum in the range 300-500 nm, matching well with the blue emission (400/460 nm) of current InGaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The red emission peaking at 619 nm gave the relatively high (about 155%) intensity compared with the Y 3 Al 5 O 12 (YAG) (P46-Y3) standard phosphor. In addition, the saturated chromatic coordinates (0.638, 0.359) allowed it a promising candidate as a red phosphor in white LEDs application for illumination or display.

  7. Phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1975-01-01

    This invention relates to phosphors that can be used in fluorescent lamps and display devices. The phosphor is comprised of a halophosphate of calcium and/or strontium of apatite crystal structure activated with trivalent cerium and trivalent terbium. The phosphor can further include manganese. Preferably, the phosphor includes up to 10% by weight of one or more of the alkali metals lithium, sodium and potassium in the form of a compound or compounds thereof. The emissions appear as a number of fairly narrow discrete bands. The temperature of preparation is 1000degC (as opposed to the usual 1450degC), therefore reducing costs (less energy is needed, more crucibles are readily obtainable and there is no need for special conditions to enable crucibles to overcome thermal shock)

  8. [Effect of charge compensation on emission spectrum of Sr2SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pan-Lai; Wang, Zhi-Jun; Yang, Zhi-Ping; Guo, Qing-Lin

    2009-01-01

    The Sr2SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphor was synthesized by the high temperature solid-state reaction method in air. Dy2O3 (99.9%), SiO2 (99.9%), SrCO3 (99.9%), Li2CO3 (99.9%), Na2CO3 (99.9%) and K2CO3 (99.9%) were used as starting materials, and the Dy3+ doping concentration was 2 mol%. The emission spectrum was measured by a SPEX1404 spectrophotometer, and all the characterization of the phosphors was conducted at room temperature. The emission spectrum of Sr2 SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphor showed several bands centered at 486, 575 and 665 nm under the 365 nm excitation. The effect of Li+, Na+ and K+ on the emission spectra of Sr2SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphor was studied. The results show that the location of the emission spectrum of Sr2SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphor was not influenced by Li+, Na+ and K+. However, the emission spectrum intensity was greatly influenced by Li+, Na+ and K+, and the evolvement trend was monotone with different charge compensation, i. e. the emission spectrum intensity of Sr2SiO4 : Dy3+ phosphor firstly increased with increasing Li+ concentration, then decreased. However the charge compensation concentration corresponding to the maximum emission intensity was different with different charge compensation, and the concentration is 4, 3 and 3 mol% corresponding to Li+, Na+ and K+, respectively. And the theoretical reason for the above results was analyzed.

  9. High efficiency nitride based phosphores for white LEDs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Yuan Qiang; Hintzen, H.T.J.M.

    2008-01-01

    In this overview paper, novel rare-earth doped silicon nitride based phosphors for white LEDs applications have been demonstrated. The luminescence properties of orange-red-emitting phosphors (M2Si5N8:Eu2+) and green-to-yellow emitting phosphors (MSi2N2O2:Eu2+, M = Ca, Sr, Ba) are discussed in

  10. Study of effect of co-doping on CIE coordinates of strontium cerium oxide phosphor (Sr_2CeO_4)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zambare, Pradip Z.; Ahirrao, P.B.; Chaudhari, D.B.; Zambare, A.P.; Mahajan, O.H.

    2016-01-01

    The phosphors Sr_2CeO_4 doped europium and gadolinium were synthesized by modified solid state diffusion method. From emission spectra, the CIE coordinates (x, y) of x% Eu"3"+ and 0.5 %Gd"3"+ doped Sr_2CeO_4 phosphors was calculated. In present paper, we investigate luminescence properties and colorimetric study of Sr_2CeO_4 doped 0.5% Gd"3"+, x% Eu"3"+. The phosphors Sr_2CeO_4 doped europium and gadolinium were successfully synthesized by modified solid state diffusion method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) profile confirms the orthorhombic nature of Eu"3"+ and 0.5% Gd"3"+ doped Sr_2CeO_4 phosphors. In addition, scanning electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier-Transformation IR spectroscopy (FTIR), was also used to study the synthesized phosphors

  11. Long afterglow property of Er"3"+ doped Ca_2SnO_4 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Dongyun; Shi, Mingming; Sun, Yiwen; Guo, Yunyun; Chang, Chengkang

    2016-01-01

    A novel green emitting long afterglow phosphor, Er"3"+ -doped Ca_2SnO_4 (Ca_2SnO_4:Er"3"+), was prepared successfully via a traditional high temperature solid–state reaction method. Its properties have been characterized and analyzed by utilizing x-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence spectroscope (PLS), afterglow decay curve (ADC) and thermal luminescence spectroscope (TLS). Three main emission peaks of PLS locate at 524, 550 and 668 nm, corresponding to CIE chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.326, y = 0.6592. An optimal doping concentration of Er"3"+ of 2% was determined. The Ca_2SnO_4:Er"3"+ phosphors showed a typical triple-exponential afterglow decay behavior when the UV source was switched off. Thermal simulated luminescence study indicated that the persistent afterglow of Ca_2SnO_4:2 mol% Er"3"+ phosphors was generated by the suitable electron or hole traps which were resulted from the doping the Ca_2SnO_4 host with rare-earth ions (Er"3"+). - Highlights: • A novel green emitting long afterglow phosphor, Ca_2SnO_4:Er"3"+, was prepared. • An optimal doping concentration of Er"3"+ of 2% was determined. • After the UV source was turned off, the Ca_2SnO_4:Er"3"+ showed a typical triple-exponential afterglow decay behavior. • CIE chromaticity coordinates results confirmed a green light emitting of the Ca_2SnO_4:Er"3"+. • The persistent afterglow of the Ca_2SnO_4:Er"3"+ was attributed to suitable electron or hole traps.

  12. Luminescence and electron degradation properties of Bi doped CaO phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yousif, A. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 321, 11115 Omdurman (Sudan); Kroon, R.E.; Coetsee, E.; Ntwaeaborwa, O.M. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa); Seed Ahmed, H.A.A. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 321, 11115 Omdurman (Sudan); Swart, H.C., E-mail: swarthc@ufs.ac.za [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA 9300 (South Africa)

    2015-11-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Blue emitting Ca{sub 1−x}O:Bi{sub x=0.5%} phosphor powder was successfully prepared. • Strong blue near-UV emission was obtained. • Electron beam induced cathodoluminescence intensity degradation occurred. • XPS was successfully used to explain the degradation process. - Abstract: Ca{sub 1−x}O:Bi{sub x=0.5%} phosphor powder was successfully synthesized by the sol-gel combustion method. The structure, morphology and luminescent properties of the phosphor were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy. The results showed that the Ca{sub 1−x}O:Bi{sub x=0.5%} consisted of single face-centred cubic crystals and that the phosphor particles were uniformly distributed. When the phosphor was excited by a xenon lamp at 355 nm, or a 325 nm He–Cd laser, or electron beam, it emitted strongly in the blue near-UV range with a wavelength of 395 nm ({sup 3}P{sub 1} → {sup 1}S{sub 0} transition of Bi{sup 3+}). The CL intensity was monitored as a function of the accelerating voltage and also as a function of the beam current. The powder was also subjected to a prolonged electron beam irradiation to study the electron beam induced CL intensity degradation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to analyze the Ca{sub 1−x}O:Bi{sub x=0.5%} phosphor sample surface before and after degradation.

  13. Synthesis and luminescence properties of novel LiSrPO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Jiayue, E-mail: jiayue_sun@126.com [School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048 (China); Zhang, Xiangyan [School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048 (China); Xia, Zhiguo, E-mail: xiazg426@yahoo.com.cn [School of Materials Sciences and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Du, Haiyan [School of Science, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048 (China)

    2011-11-15

    Graphical abstract: Novel LiSrPO4:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reaction, and Dy{sup 3+}-doped concentration dependent luminescence properties, concentration quenching effect and the decay times were investigated in detail. Highlights: {yields} LiSrPO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} could be excited by UV light and exhibited blue and yellow emission. {yields} Concentration quenching effect of LiSrPO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} samples were investigated in detail. {yields} Decay times are estimated to be 0.57-0.89 ms for Dy{sup 3+} in LiSrPO{sub 4} host. -- Abstract: Novel LiSrPO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors for white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) were synthesized by the conventional solid-state reaction. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the phase formation of LiSrPO{sub 4}:Dy{sup 3+} materials. Luminescence properties results showed that the phosphor could be efficiently excited by the UV-vis light region from 250 to 460 nm, and it exhibited blue (483 nm) and yellow (574 nm) emission corresponding to {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} {yields} {sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transitions and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} {yields} {sup 6}H{sub 13}/{sub 2} transitions, respectively. The luminescence intensity of LiSrPO{sub 4}:xDy{sup 3+} phosphor firstly increased and then decreased with increasing Dy{sup 3+} concentration, and reached the maximum at x = 0.03. It was found that concentration quenching occurred as a result of dipole-dipole interaction according to the Dexter's theory. The decay time was also determined for various concentrations of Dy{sup 3+} in LiSrPO{sub 4}.

  14. Red Emission of SrAl2O4:Mn4+ Phosphor for Warm White Light-Emitting Diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, N. T. K.; Tuan, N. T.; Lien, N. T. K.; Nguyen, D. H.

    2018-05-01

    In this work, SrAl2O4:Mn4+ phosphor is prepared by co-precipitation. The phase structure, morphology, composition and luminescent performance of the phosphor are investigated in detail with x-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, steady-state photoluminescence (PL) spectra, and temperature-dependent PL measurements. The phosphor shows a strong red emission peak at ˜ 690 nm, which is due to the transition between electronic levels and the electric dipole transition 2Eg to 4A2g of Mn4+ ions located at the sites with D3d local symmetry. The sample doped with 0.04 mol.% Mn4+ exhibits intense red emission with high thermal stability and appropriate International Commission on Illumination (CIE) coordinates (x = 0.6959, y = 0.2737). It is also found that the phosphor absorption in an extended band from 250 nm to 500 nm has three peaks at 320 nm, 405 nm, and 470 nm, which match well with the emission band of ultraviolet (UV) lighting emission diode (LED) or blue LED chips. These results demonstrate that SrAl2O4:Mn4+ phosphor can play the role of activator in narrow red-emitting phosphor, which is potentially useful in UV (˜ 320 nm) or blue (˜ 460 nm) LED.

  15. LiSr4(BO3)3:Ce3+ phosphor as a new material for ESR dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang, L.H.; Zhang, Y.L.; Gong, X.M.; Pang, R.; Zhang, S.; Li, C.Y.; Su, Q.

    2014-01-01

    LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :0.01Ce 3+ phosphor was investigated to assess its potential as a material for measurements of radiotherapeutic doses with electron spin resonance (ESR). The ESR spectrum of the phosphor irradiated with 60 Co features five ESR signals. An isochronal annealing experiment has shown that the strongest of these signals is associated with the same trap center as the 473 K peak on the TL glow curve of this material. The dose–response is linear in the studied range from 0.89 to 90.30 Gy. Fading of the signal was also investigated. - Highlights: • LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :Ce 3+ phosphor can be used as an ESR dosimeter for radiation therapy. • The ESR signal originates from the same traps as the TL. • Dose–response is linear, and the fading is slow

  16. Thermoluminescence properties of Eu-doped and Eu/Dy-codoped Sr2 Al2 SiO7 phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadhaw, Akhilesh; Sonwane, Vivek D; Gour, Anubha S; Jha, Piyush

    2017-11-01

    We report the thermoluminescence properties of Sr 1.96 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 0.04 and Sr 1.92 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 0.04 Dy 0.04 phosphors. These phosphors were prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The prepared phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction. A 254 nm source was used for ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and a 60 Co source was used for γ-irradiation. The effect of heating rate and UV-exposure were examined. The thermoluminescence temperature shifts to higher values with increasing heating rate and thermoluminescence intensity increases with increasing UV exposure time. The trapping parameters such as activation energy (E), order of kinetics and frequency factor (s) were calculated by peak shape method. The effect of γ- and UV-irradiation on thermoluminescence studies was also examined. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. Persistent luminescence and thermoluminescence of UV/VIS -irradiated SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pereyda-Pierre, C.; Meléndrez, R.; García, R.; Pedroza-Montero, M.; Barboza-Flores, M.

    2011-01-01

    The persistent luminescence and thermoluminescence properties of SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors excited with UV–VIS light in the 200–500 nm region were investigated. The thermoluminescence glow curve was found to be composed of peaks around 70, 125 and 245 °C. The persistent luminescence and thermoluminescence excitation spectra exhibited a broad band around 300–500 nm centered at 400 and 420 nm respectively. A linear behavior of the integrated thermoluminescence intensity and persistent luminescence versus irradiation time was found for the first 60 s. The charge detrapping from the 70 °C trapping levels was the major contributor to the observed persistent luminescence at room temperature. The SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors have suitable properties to be applied as storage and persistent luminescence UV–VIS irradiation dose phosphor. -- Highlights: ► SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ persistent luminescence and thermoluminescence was measured. ► The phosphor was irradiated with UV–VIS photons in the 200–500 nm wavelength range. ► SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ behaves adequately as persistent and storage UV–VIS dosimeter. ► The persistent luminescence dosimetry does not require heat or light stimulation.

  18. Effect of synthesis methods on luminescence properties of LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce phosphor for radiation dosimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palan, C.B., E-mail: chetupalan@rediffmail.com; Omanwar, S.K.

    2016-10-15

    The polycrystalline doped and un-doped LiCaPO{sub 4} phosphors were successfully prepared via solid state diffusion [SSD] and sol–gel [SG] methods. The sol–gel method was implied to decrease the processing time and heating temperature. The prepared un-doped and doped LiCaPO{sub 4} phosphors were characterized through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. Additionally photoluminescence (PL), thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties were studied. The XRD patterns of prepared LiCaPO{sub 4} and LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce phosphors were well matched with the ICDD file. The average particles size of LiCaPO{sub 4} and LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce phosphors were found to be in the range 2–10 μm by SSD method and 2-5 μm by SG method. The excitation spectra of LiCaPO{sub 4} and LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce phosphors consist of broad band in the range 200–330 nm and maximum intensity was observed at 314 nm. Also emission spectra consist of broad band in range from 330–500 nm and maximum intensity was observed at 369 nm. With the increase of Ce{sup 3+} ions concentration, the emission spectra of LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} phosphors shifted to a longer wavelength. The prepared phosphors were showed excellent TL properties under β irradiation. The OSL sensitivity of the LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce phosphor synthesized by the SSD method was the nearly same as compared with the OSL sensitivity of LiCaPO{sub 4}:Ce phosphor synthesized by the SG method.

  19. Photoluminescence properties of Eu(3+)/ Sm(3+) activated CaZr4(PO4)6 phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Govind B; Dhoble, S J

    2016-09-01

    Solid state reaction method was employed for the synthesis of a series of CaZr4(PO4)6: Eu(3+)/Sm(3+) phosphors. The red-emitting CaZr4(PO4)6:Eu(3+) phosphors can be efficiently excited at 396 nm and thereby, exhibit a strong red luminescence predominantly corresponding to the electric dipole transition at 615 nm. Under 405 nm excitation, CaZr4(PO4)6:Sm(3+) phosphors display orange emission with color temperatures approximately around 2200 K. The acquired results reveal that CaZr4(PO4)6: RE(3+) (RE = Eu, Sm) phosphors could be potential candidates for red and orange emitting phosphor, respectively, for UV/blue-pump LEDs.

  20. TL sensitivity of CaSO4:Dy phosphor powder - effect of grinding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shastry, S.S.; Kher, R.K.

    1979-01-01

    Grinding of polycrystalline CaSO 4 :Dy phosphor to powder form induces lattice defects. Changes in thermoluminescence (TL) sensitivity due to variation in trap density in the bulk and on the surface of phosphor grains are studied using gamma and UV radiations. TL sensitivity to gamma increases with grinding time due to the contribution from the new bulk traps which are generated by grinding. The surface traps degrade with increase in grinding time resulting in a decrease in UV sensitivity. Results on regeneration of the TL sensitivity due to annealing at different temperatures are also included. (Auth.)

  1. Optimized photoluminescence of SrB 2O 4:Eu 3+ red-emitting phosphor by charge compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lai-Shi; Liu, Jie; Wu, Zhan-Chao; Kuang, Shao-Ping

    2012-02-01

    A novel red-emitting phosphor, SrB 2O 4:Eu 3+, was synthesized by high temperature solid-state reaction and its photoluminescence properties were studied. The emission spectrum consists of four major emission bands. The emission peaks are located at 593, 612, 650 and 703 nm, corresponding to the 5D0 → 7F1, 5D0 → 7F2, 5D0 → 7F3 and 5D0 → 7F4 typical transitions of Eu 3+, respectively. The effects of Eu 3+ doping content and charge compensators (Li +, Na +, K +) on photoluminescence of SrB 2O 4:Eu 3+ phosphor were studied. The results show that the emission intensity can be affected by above factors and Na + is the optimal charge compensator for SrB 2O 4:Eu 3+. The photoluminescence of NaSrB 2O 4:Eu 3+ was compared with that of Y 2O 2S:Eu 3+. It implies that SrB 2O 4:Eu 3+ is a good candidate as a red-emitting phosphor pumped by near-ultraviolet (NUV) InGaN chip for fabricating white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs).

  2. Effect of F- and Z2-light illumination on thermal glow curves of pretreated NaCl:Ca phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Joshi, R.V.; Dhake, K.P.; Joshi, T.R.

    1985-01-01

    It is known that colour centres are produced when doped or undoped alkali halides are exposed to ionizing radiation. Earlier work has also revealed an intimate relationship between the thermoluminescence (TL) centres associated with the glow peaks and different species of colour centres. The aim of the present investigation has been to find out the species of colour centres associated with the observed thermal glow peaks. The measurements were carried out on thermally treated Ca-doped NaCl phosphors. The thermal treatment involves annealing of the phosphors at 550 C. The specimens were irradiated by a 90 Sr 20 mCi source. A figure showing the glow curves recorded immediately after β-irradiation, after β-irradiation followed by F-light illumination and after β-irradiation followed by 20 min decay at room temperature. The F-light illumination leads to the quenching of the peak at 137 C and generates new peaks at 113 and 157 C. The bleaching effect becomes more significant with the increase in the duration of F-light illumination. The effect of F-light illumination followed by Z 2 -light illumination shows that of the two peaks appearing earlier, the 113 C peak is selectively suppressed. The isothermal bleaching at room temperature for 20 min does not affect the intensity of the 137 C peak. The results are discussed. (author)

  3. Red-emitting SrIn2O4 : Eu3+ phosphor powders for applications in solid state white lamps

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez-Garcia, C E; Perea-Lopez, N; Hirata, G A; Baars, S P den

    2008-01-01

    Red-emitting phosphor powders of SrIn 2 O 4 activated with Eu 3+ ions were fabricated by high pressure assisted combustion synthesis. X-ray diffraction analysis of these oxide phosphors revealed the formation of single-phase orthorhombic SrIn 2 O 4 for concentrations up to 4 at% Eu. A detailed photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence study showed bright red emission originated within the 5 D 0 → 7 F J intra-shell transitions of Eu 3+ . Furthermore, PL excitation spectroscopy revealed that an efficient energy transfer from the SrIn 2 O 4 host lattice onto the Eu ions is accomplished in addition to the excitation band peaked at 396 nm that directly excites the Eu ions, making this material an excellent candidate for applications in solid state white lamps. (fast track communication)

  4. Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence characterization of Eu3+- and Dy3+ -activated Ca3(PO4)2 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpure, I.M.; Saha, Subhajit; Dhoble, S.J.

    2009-01-01

    Rare-earth-doped polycrystalline Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu, Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy and Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu,Dy phosphors prepared by a modified solid-state synthesis has been studied for its X-ray diffraction, thermoluminescence (TL) and photoluminescence (PL) characteristics. The PL emission spectra of the phosphor suggest the presence of Eu 3+ ion in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu and Dy 3+ ion in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy lattice sites. The TL glow curve of the Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu compounds has a simple structure with a prominent peak at 228 deg. C, while Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy peaking at 146 and 230 deg. C. TL sensitivity of phosphors are compared with CaSO 4 : Dy and found 1.52 and 1.20 times less in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu and Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Dy phosphors, respectively. The Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Eu,Dy phosphors shows switching behavior under two different excitation wavelengths and enhancement in PL intensity of Dy 3+ ions were reported. The paper discusses the photoluminescence and thermoluminescence behavior of Eu 3+ and Dy 3+ ion in Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 hosts, it may be applicable to solid-state lighting as well as thermoluminescence dosimetry applications.

  5. Optical property investigations of polystyrene capped Ca2P2O7:Dy3+ persistent phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jain, Abhilasha; Kumar, Ashwini; Dhoble, S.J; Peshwe, D.R

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Synthesis of polymer capped pyrophosphate phosphors by citrate gel method. • Radiative lifetime is calculated from parameters of Judd-Ofelt theory and ICP-AES. • Reaction mechanism is discussed leading to high photoluminescence efficiency. • PL emission spectrum reveals broad band emission suitable for solid state lighting. - Abstract: By virtue of enhanced photosensivity, good optical response and better thermal stability, organic–inorganic hybrid materials are contemplated as one of the alternatives for designing advanced optoelectronic devices and innovative photonic applications. A novel inorganic organic hybrid Ca 2 P 2 O 7 :Dy 3+ phosphor has been fabricated by Pechini method. The optical property of synthesized phosphor is successfully altered by the in corporation of polystyrene sulfonic acid as capping agent in the colloidal solution. The phase purity and the average particle size of the prepared phosphor were calculated from X-ray diffraction (XRD) employing Debye Scherrer method. The morphological and chemical investigations were carried out through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. The radiative transitions are explained on the basis of Judd-Ofelt theory and on the basis of derived parameters, the radiative lifetime of persistent hybrid Ca 2 P 2 O 7 :Dy 3+ phosphor is calculated as 5.33 ms. This paper explores the mechanism leading to high photoluminescence efficiency using organic capping additives. The photoluminescence (PL) graphs reveal broad band emission at 482 nm (blue) and 573 nm (yellow) corresponding to 4 F 9/2 - 6 H 15/2 and 4 F 9/2 - 6 H 13/2 transitions of Dy 3+ , respectively. The Commission International De I-Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity co-ordinates were calculated from emission spectra and the values (x, y) were approaching to standard value of white emission. The synthesized pyrophosphate phosphors can thereby account in multiple potential applications

  6. Computational study of Ca, Sr and Ba under pressure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jona, F; Marcus, P M

    2006-01-01

    A first-principles procedure for the calculation of equilibrium properties of crystals under hydrostatic pressure is applied to Ca, Sr and Ba. The procedure is based on minimizing the Gibbs free energy G (at zero temperature) with respect to the structure at a given pressure p, and hence does not require the equation of state to fix the pressure. The calculated lattice constants of Ca, Sr and Ba are shown to be generally closer to measured values than previous calculations using other procedures. In particular for Ba, where careful and extensive pressure data are available, the calculated lattice parameters fit measurements to about 1% in three different phases, both cubic and hexagonal. Rigid-lattice transition pressures between phases which come directly from the crossing of G(p) curves are not close to measured transition pressures. One reason is the need to include zero-point energy (ZPE) of vibration in G. The ZPE of cubic phases is calculated with a generalized Debye approximation and applied to Ca and Sr, where it produces significant shifts in transition pressures. An extensive tabulation is given of structural parameters and elastic constants from the literature, including both theoretical and experimental results

  7. Computational study of Ca, Sr and Ba under pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jona, F; Marcus, P M [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794-2275 (United States)

    2006-05-17

    A first-principles procedure for the calculation of equilibrium properties of crystals under hydrostatic pressure is applied to Ca, Sr and Ba. The procedure is based on minimizing the Gibbs free energy G (at zero temperature) with respect to the structure at a given pressure p, and hence does not require the equation of state to fix the pressure. The calculated lattice constants of Ca, Sr and Ba are shown to be generally closer to measured values than previous calculations using other procedures. In particular for Ba, where careful and extensive pressure data are available, the calculated lattice parameters fit measurements to about 1% in three different phases, both cubic and hexagonal. Rigid-lattice transition pressures between phases which come directly from the crossing of G(p) curves are not close to measured transition pressures. One reason is the need to include zero-point energy (ZPE) of vibration in G. The ZPE of cubic phases is calculated with a generalized Debye approximation and applied to Ca and Sr, where it produces significant shifts in transition pressures. An extensive tabulation is given of structural parameters and elastic constants from the literature, including both theoretical and experimental results.

  8. Effects of phosphor proportion and grain size on photon energy response of CaSO4:Dy teflon TLD discs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pradhan, A.S.; Bhatt, R.C.

    1979-01-01

    Effects of phosphor proportion and grain size on the photon energy dependence of CaSO 4 :Dy embedded teflon TLD discs have been studied. It was found that in the commonly used TLD disc compositions, the proportion of phosphor has only little effect on energy dependence. This dependence could be significantly reduced by using phosphor of grain size less than 1 μm. The experimental results are compared with calculated results. (Auth.)

  9. Self-dose and fading of CaSO4(Dy/Tm) and CaF2 (natural) TL phosphors in environmental radiation monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nambi, K.S.V.

    1982-01-01

    A 'shielded storage experiment' for estimating both the 'self-dose' and 'fading' of TL phosphors under conditions akin to those faced in environmental monitoring applications is described. Using this method, self-dose rates of 0.32 +- 0.10(sigma) μ rad h -1 and 1.16 +- 0.02(sigma) μ rad h -1 have been obtained for CaF 2 (natural) and CaSO 4 (Dy) phosphors; the thermal decay constants at 25 0 C for these phosphors turn out to be 27 X 10 -6 h -6 ad 12 X 10 -6 h -1 , respectively. Estimation of the self-doses from radioactivity measurements of the phosphors concerned is also presented and the differences explained. A very high self-dose rate of 5.6 μ rad h -1 was estimated by the latter method for a sample of CaSO 4 (Tm) phosphor. (orig.)

  10. Potential tunable white-emitting phosphor LiSr4(BO3)3:Ce3+, Eu2+ for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Qian; Deng Degang; Hua Youjie; Huang Lihui; Wang Huanping; Zhao Shilong; Jia Guohua; Li Chenxia; Xu Shiqing

    2012-01-01

    A novel Ce 3+ /Eu 2+ co-activated LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 phosphor has been synthesized by traditional solid-state reaction. The samples could display varied color emission from blue towards white and ultimately to yellow under the excitation of ultraviolet (UV) light with the appropriate adjustment of the relative proportion of Ce 3+ /Eu 2+ . The resonance-type energy transfer mechanism from Ce 3+ to Eu 2+ in LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :Ce 3+ , Eu 2+ phosphors is dominant by electric dipole–dipole interaction, and the critical distance is calculated to be about 29.14 Å by the spectra overlap method. White light was observed from LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :mCe 3+ , nEu 2+ phosphors with chromaticity coordinates (0.34, 0.30) upon 350 nm excitation. The LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :Ce 3+ , Eu 2+ phosphor has potential applications as an UV radiation-converting phosphor for white light-emitting diodes. - Highlights: ► White light was observed from the novel phosphor with chromaticity coordinate (0.34, 0.30). ► Resonant energy transfer between Ce 3+ and Eu 2+ occurs in the novel phosphor. ► This novel phosphor has potential applications as a UV-driven light-emitting phosphor.

  11. A potential green emitting citrate gel synthesized NaSrBO3:Tb3+ phosphor for display application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedyal, A. K.; Kumar, Vinay; Swart, H. C.

    2018-04-01

    A potential green emitting NaSrBO3:Tb3+ (1-9 mol%) phosphor was synthesized by a citrate gel combustion method. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the monoclinic phase of the phosphor. The phosphor emitted intense green emission under near-UV and electron excitation due to the characteristic transitions 5D4→7F6(488 nm),5D4→7F5(544 nm),5D4→7F4(586 nm) and 5D4→7F3(622 nm) of Tb3+ ions. The optimal molar concentration of Tb3+ ions was found to be 6 mol%, after that concentration quenching occurred. The dipole-dipole interaction was found to be accountable for energy transfer between the Tb3+ ions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was carried out to analyze the chemical states of the elements and suggest that terbium was mostly presented in the (+3) valance state in the phosphor. The approximated Commission Internationale de l‧Eclairage coordinates for the PL (0.31, 0.61) and CL (0.33, 0.57) were found to be very close to the well-known green emitting phosphor. The obtained results suggest that the studied phosphor could be an ultimate choice for green emission in display applications.

  12. Ultraviolet radiation dosimetry using CaF2 TL phosphors- state of the art

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagpal, J.S.

    2001-01-01

    Photoluminescence (PL), optical absorption (OA) and thermoluminescence (TL) of undoped and Dy, Tb- and Eu activated CaF 2 TL phosphors has been re-investigated after heat treatment (600-1100 degC) in air. The study confirmed the earlier observed increase in intrinsic UV response of CaF 2 : Dy 3+ after 900 degC heat treatment. Enhancement in UV response was also observed in undoped CaF 2 thus indicating the base matrix related phenomenon. However, the enhancement observed in UV sensitivity and the optimum treatment temperature for high UV sensitivity is different for different activators. It is activator specific and needs further probing. UV response of undoped CaF 2 monotonically increases as the treatment temperature (in air) is increased from 600 degC to 1100 degC. Similar increase is observed in case of CaF 2 : Tb 3+ also. However, CaF 2 : Dy 3+ and CaF 2 :Eu 2+ follow a different pattern. Heat treatment in air increases UV response of CaF 2 : Dy 3+ up to 900 degC, and a decrease is observed at higher temperatures. UV response of CaF 2 : Eu 2+ is maximum for 600 degC treatment in air and decreases thereafter. TL response of CaF 2 : Tb and CaF 2 : Eu 2+ phosphors to UV is high, can be employed over the range 10 -2 - 2 mJ.cm -2 and is rate independent for 250±10 nm UV. (author)

  13. Concentration Dependence of Luminescent Properties for Sr2TiO4:Eu3+ Red Phosphor and Its Charge Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Lu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Sr2TiO4:Eu3+ phosphors using M+ (M = Li+, Na+, and K+ as charge compensators were prepared by the solid-state reaction. The powders were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD and photoluminescence spectra (PL to study the phase composition, structure, and luminescent properties. The results showed that Li+ ion was the best charge compensator. The phase was Sr2TiO4 when the doping concentration was small (x≤10.0%. When x reached 15.0%, the phase turned into Sr3Ti3O7 because of the structure damage. The phosphor could be effectively excited by ultraviolet (365, 395 nm and blue light (465 nm, and thenitemitted intense red light that peaked at around 620 nm (5D0→7F2. In addition, the emission of 700 nm (5D0→7F4 enhanced the red light color purity. The CIE chromaticity coordinates of samples with the higher red emission were between (0.650, 0.344 and (0.635, 0.352. Doped layered titanate Sr2TiO4:Eu3+ is a promising candidate red phosphor for white LEDs which can be suited for both near-UV LED chip and blue LED chip.

  14. Luminescence and thermoluminescence properties of Sr{sub 3}WO{sub 6}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Emen, F.M., E-mail: femen106@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, TR 15030, Burdur (Turkey); Altinkaya, R. [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Mersin University, TR 33343, Mersin (Turkey)

    2013-02-15

    Sr{sub 3-x}WO{sub 6}:xEu{sup 3+} (x varies from 0.01 to 0.06) phosphors have been prepared at high temperature by the solid-state method. The crystal structure of Sr{sub 2.95}WO{sub 6}:0.05Eu{sup 3+} phosphor has been determined as a triclinic P-1 space group with a=8.3608 (19) A, b=8.2903 (24) A, c=8.2145 (23) A, {alpha}=89.79 (3){sup Degree-Sign }, {beta}=89.82 (3){sup Degree-Sign }, and {gamma}=89.753 (22){sup Degree-Sign }. The excitation spectrum of Sr{sub 2.95}WO{sub 6}:0.05Eu{sup 3+} phosphor reveals five excitation bands: one is assigned to the charge-transfer (CTLM) band of Sr{sub 3}WO{sub 6} host at 307 nm, and another is assigned to intra-4f transitions between 393 nm and 600 nm. The emission spectrum of Sr{sub 2.95}WO{sub 6}:0.05Eu{sup 3+} phosphor exhibits a series of emission bands, which are attributed to the {sup 5}D{sub 0}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub j} (j=0-4) transitions of Eu{sup 3+} ions. The luminescence studies revealed that the Eu{sup 3+} ions show high luminescent efficiency in emitting red light at 616 nm. The thermoluminescence glow curve shows one dominant glow peak observed at 56 Degree-Sign C which is related to the defects at shallow trap depth. The trap parameters mainly activation energy (E{sub a}) and the order of the kinetics (b) were evaluated by using Rasheedy's three points method (TPM). - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Sr{sub 3}WO{sub 6}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor was prepared by using conventional ceramic method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The diffraction peaks of phosphor have been indexed to triclinic system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The emission peak at 616 nm belongs to {sup 5}D{sub 0}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub 2} electric dipole transitions of Eu{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The emission band of WO{sub 6} and excitation bands of Eu{sup 3+} are overlapping each other. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The energy transfer from WO{sub 6} groups to the Eu{sup 3+} ions occurs under the UV excitation.

  15. Luminescent Afterglow Behavior in the M2Si5N8: Eu Family (M = Ca, Sr, Ba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koen Van den Eeckhout

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Persistent luminescent materials are able to emit light for hours after being excited. The majority of persistent phosphors emit in the blue or green region of the visible spectrum. Orange- or red-emitting phosphors, strongly desired for emergency signage and medical imaging, are scarce. We prepared the nitrido-silicates Ca2Si5N8:Eu (orange, Sr2Si5N8:Eu (reddish, Ba2Si5N8:Eu (yellowish orange, and their rare-earth codoped variants (R = Nd, Dy, Sm, Tm through a solid state reaction, and investigated their luminescence and afterglow properties. In this paper, we describe how the persistent luminescence is affected by the type of codopant and the choice and ratio of the starting products. All the materials exhibit some form of persistent luminescence, but for Sr2Si5N8:Eu,R this is very weak. In Ba2Si5N8:Eu the afterglow remains visible for about 400 s, and Ca2Si5N8:Eu,Tm shows the brightest and longest afterglow, lasting about 2,500 s. For optimal persistent luminescence, the dopant and codopant should be added in their fluoride form, in concentrations below 1 mol%. A Ca3N2 deficiency of about 5% triples the afterglow intensity. Our results show that Ba2Si5N8:Eu(,R and Ca2Si5N8:Eu(,R are promising persistent phosphors for applications requiring orange or red light.

  16. Luminescence properties of Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :RE phosphors for UV white-light-emitting diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Mengmeng; Lv, Wenzhen; Lü, Wei; Zhao, Qi; Shao, Baiqi; You, Hongpeng

    2015-03-16

    A series of Eu(2+) -, Ce(3+) -, and Tb(3+) -doped Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 phosphors is synthesized by using a high-temperature solid-state reaction. The powder X-ray diffraction and structure refinement data indicate that our prepared phosphors are single phased and the phosphor crystalizes in a tetrahedral system with the ${P\\bar 42m}$ (113) space group. The Eu(2+) - and Ce(3+) -doped phosphors both have broad excitation bands, which match well with the UV light-emitting diodes chips. Under irradiation of λ=350 nm, Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :Eu(2+) and Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :Ce(3+) , Li(+) have green and blue emissions, respectively. Luminescence of Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :Tb(3+) , Li(+) phosphor varies with the different Tb(3+) contents. The thermal stability and energy-migration mechanism of Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :Eu(2+) are also studied. The investigation results indicate that the prepared Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :Eu(2+) and Ca2 Ga2 SiO7 :Ce(3+) , Li(+) samples show potential as green and blue phosphors, respectively, for UV-excited white-light-emitting diodes. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Long lasting yellow phosphorescence and photostimulated luminescence in Sr3SiO5 : Eu2+ and Sr3SiO5 : Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun Xiaoyuan; Zhang Jiahua; Zhang Xia; Luo Yongshi; Wang Xiaojun

    2008-01-01

    We report the observation of long lasting yellow phosphorescence and photostimulated luminescence (PSL) in Sr 3 SiO 5 : Eu 2+ and Sr 3 SiO 5 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors. The decay patterns of phosphorescence and thermoluminescence curves demonstrate that introduction of Dy 3+ into Sr 3 SiO 5 : Eu 2+ can generate a large number of shallow traps and deep traps. The generated deep traps prolong the phosphorescence up to 6 h after UV irradiation. The PSL is studied under 808 nm excitation. Slow rising and falling edges of the emission in Sr 3 SiO 5 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ are observed, showing a retrapping process by the generated shallow traps due to co-doping Dy 3+ .

  18. Cu"+ luminescence in Na_2Sr_2Al_2PO_4Cl_9 halophosphate phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yerpude, Vrushali; Dhoble, S.J.; Ghormare, K.B.

    2016-01-01

    This article reports the luminescence of copper doped halophosphate Na_2Sr_2Al_2PO_4Cl_9. The phosphor was synthesized by wet chemical method by varying Cu concentrations as 0.02, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 mole %.The material was further dried in the oven at 80 °C with subsequent quenching at 200°C. Photoluminescence (PL) properties were studied with Shimadzu RF-5301 PC Spectroflurophotometer. PL excitation spectra of monitored at 439 nm emission wavelength, shows a prominent peak around 381 nm from the ground state electronic configuration 3d"1"0.The PL emission spectra of the phosphor monitored at 381 nm excitation wavelength in the blue region shows a broadband band around 412 nm with a shoulder peak at 440 nm, corresponding to the 3d"1"0 ↔ 3d"94s transitions of copper, which are strictly forbidden for the free ion but become partially allowed in crystals or glasses by coupling with lattice vibrations of odd parity resulting in broad excitation and emission bands. The luminescence intensity is found to increase progressively with the doping concentrations of activator and the maximum intensity is observed for 0.1 mole %. The PL spectra is found to be the same for all concentrations with difference only in the intensity. The excited states energies and the Stokes shift are reported to be very sensitive to the size and the symmetry of the copper site, leading to strong modulations of the spectral distribution, depending on the nature of the material. (author)

  19. Investigation of thermoluminescence and electron-vibrational interaction parameters in SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pardhi, Shilpa A.; Nair, Govind B.; Sharma, Ravi; Dhoble, S.J.

    2017-01-01

    Combustion synthesis method was employed for the synthesis of green-emitting monoclinic SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors. The phase-purity of the prepared phosphors were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The prepared phosphors exhibited green light emission with the peak centred at 510 nm, under 350 nm UV excitation. The excitation and emission spectra were analysed and the parameters of electron-vibrational interaction (EVI), such as the Huang–Rhys factor, effective phonon energy and zero-phonon line position were estimated using the spectrum fitting method. Thermoluminescence (TL) behaviour of the as-prepared phosphors were analysed for UV and 137 Cs γ-ray source irradiation. TL glow curves for UV-irradiated SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors were analysed. - Highlights: • Photoluminescence and thermoluminescence properties of SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ phosphors were analysed. • Electron-vibrational interaction (EVI) parameters of SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ ,Dy 3+ phosphors were determined. • The phosphors are found to exhibit green light emission.

  20. Surface and spectral studies of green emitting Sr{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 6}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neharika [School of Physics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra 182320, J& K (India); Kumar, Vinay, E-mail: vinaykumar@smvdu.ac.in [School of Physics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra 182320, J& K (India); Sharma, J.; Singh, Vivek K. [School of Physics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra 182320, J& K (India); Ntwaeaborwa, O.M.; Swart, H.C. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein ZA9300 (South Africa)

    2016-01-15

    Highlights: • XPS technique has been used to study the surface composition of the phosphor. • The phosphor is synthesized by combustion method using urea as fuel. • Multipole–multipole interaction was found to play a key role for concentration quenching of Tb{sup 3+} doped Sr{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 6} phosphor. - Abstract: In this paper, we report the synthesis of trivalent Tb{sup 3+} doped Sr{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 6} phosphor by combustion method using urea as an organic fuel. The structure of the product has been verified by X-ray diffraction study which shows a rhombohedral phase with a space group of R-3c having lattice constants a = 9.064 Å, b = 9.064 Å, c = 12.611 Å. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to study the elemental composition and electronic states of the Tb{sup 3+} doped Sr{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 6} phosphor. Photoluminescence spectra showed that the phosphor emits in the greenish region (with the main peak at 544 nm) of color gamut under UV excitation. The diffuse reflectance spectra of the Sr{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 6} phosphor were studied. Lifetime and band gap of the phosphors were calculated to be 2.55 ms and 5.25 ± 0.02 eV, respectively.

  1. Origin of thermal degradation of Sr 2-xSi 5N 8 : Eu x phosphors in air for light-emitting diodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yeh, C.W.; Chen, W.T.; Liu, R.S.; Hu, S.F.; Sheu, H.S.; Chen, J.M.; Hintzen, H.T.

    2012-01-01

    The orange-red emitting phosphors based on M 2Si 5N 8:Eu (M = Sr, Ba) are widely utilized in white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) because of their improvement of the color rendering index (CRI), which is brilliant for warm white light emission. Nitride-based phosphors are adopted in high-performance

  2. A Strategy for Synthesizing CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+} Phosphor and Comparison of Optical Properties with CaS:Eu{sup 2+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qiu, Zhongxian; Rong, Chunying; Zhou, Wenli; Zhang, Jilin; Li, Chengzhi; Yu, Liping; Liu, Shubin; Lian, Shixun, E-mail: shixunlian@gmail.com

    2014-01-15

    Graphical abstract: Pure-phase CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+},Ce{sup 3+}phosphor with good chemical and thermal stability can be synthesized by co-doping with Ce{sup 3+} as deoxidizer rather than reduction atmosphere. The broad bluish-green excitation and broad red emission show it is a better phosphor than CaS:Eu{sup 2+} for white LED and for sunlight harvesting of plants. -- Highlights: • Pure-phase phosphor CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+} was synthesized by co-doping with Ce{sup 3+} as deoxidizer. • Energy transfer mechanism from Ce{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} in CaZnOS host is proposed. • CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+}, Ce{sup 3+} phosphor has good chemical and thermal stability performance. • The similarities and differences between CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+} and CaS:Eu{sup 2+} were analyzed. • The green excitation and red emission show superior solar harvesting for plants. -- Abstract: The red-emitting phosphor CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+} was synthesized from CaCO{sub 3}, ZnS, Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} and CeCl{sub 3} by controlling the sintering condition. It was found that Ce{sup 3+} ions can play a role of reductant to contribute to the formation of Eu{sup 2+} in CaZnOS matrix under inert protective atmosphere. While the gas flow changed to H{sub 2}/N{sub 2}, the product turned to CaS easily. XRD, photoluminescence spectra, UV–vis and IR absorption spectra were evaluated to investigate the origin of the distinctions of the optical properties and stabilities between the two divalent europium ions doped phosphors CaZnOS:Eu{sup 2+} and CaS:Eu{sup 2+}. The similarities and differences between them were analyzed.

  3. Photoluminescence in Pb{sup 2+} activated SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} and SrB{sub 2}O{sub 4} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gawande, A.B., E-mail: gawandeab@gmail.com [Department of Physics, SGB Amravati University, Amravati-444602, Maharashtra (India); Ingle, J.T. [J. D. Institute of Engineering and Technology, Yavatmal, Maharashtra (India); Sonekar, R.P., E-mail: sonekar_rp@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, G.S. College, Khamgaon District, Buldhana, Maharashtra (India); Omanwar, S.K. [Department of Physics, SGB Amravati University, Amravati-444602, Maharashtra (India)

    2014-05-01

    The powder samples of SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Pb{sup 2+} and SrB{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Pb{sup 2+} were prepared by solution combustion synthesis method. The synthesis is based on the exothermic reaction between the fuel (Urea) and Oxidizer (Ammonium nitrate). The synthesized materials were characterized using TG–DTA, powder XRD, SEM and the photoluminescence properties were studied using a Hitachi F-7000 spectrophotometer at room temperature. Both the samples SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Pb{sup 2+} and SrB{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Pb{sup 2+} show broad emission of Pb{sup 2+} respectively at 307 nm and 360 nm (corresponds to {sup 3}P{sub 1} to {sup 1}S{sub 0} transition). The optimum concentrations of Pb{sup 2+} in both the phosphors SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Pb{sup 2+} and SrB{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Pb{sup 2+} were found to be 3 mol% (relative to Sr) and for this concentration the critical transfer distance R{sub 0} were calculated to be 10.21 Å and 12.22 Å respectively. The Stokes shifts were calculated to be respectively 4464 cm{sup −1} and 8454 cm{sup −1}. The emission bands of both the phosphors are in the UV region and the phosphors can be potential candidates for application in UV lamps. - Highlights: • SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Pb{sup 2+} and SrB{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Pb{sup 2+} have been synthesized by Novel solution combustion synthesis technique. • The synthesized materials were characterized using TG–DTA, powder XRD and SEM. • Photoluminescence spectra of synthesized materials showed the characteristic transition in Pb{sup 2+}. • Stokes shift, optimum concentration and critical transfer distance R{sub 0} were determined.

  4. The feasibility of boron containing phosphors in thermal neutron image plates, in particular the systems M sub 2 B sub 5 O sub 9 X : Eu sup 2 sup + (M=Ca, Sr, Ba; X=Cl, Br). Part I: simulation of the energy deposition process

    CERN Document Server

    Knitel, M J; Dorenbos, P; Eijk, C W E; Berezovskaya, I V; Dotsenko, V

    2000-01-01

    A thermal neutron image plate (IP) consisting of a mixture of BaFBr : Eu sup 2 sup + and Gd sub 2 O sub 3 (IP-Gd) is compared with an alternative plate consisting of M sub 2 B sub 5 O sub 9 X : Eu sup 2 sup + (M=Ca, Sr, Ba; X=Cl,Br) (IP-B). In particular, the Detective Quantum Efficiency (DQE) of both plates is considered. Monte Carlo simulations of the energy deposition process after the absorption of a neutron show that the variance of the energy deposition in the IP-Gd affects the DQE to a large extent. Because of this, the average number of photoelectrons detected per incident neutron, , has to be only 1.3 for the haloborates to obtain an IP-B with a higher DQE value than the maximum possible with a IP-Gd.

  5. Properties–structure relationship research on LiCaPO4:Eu2+ as blue phosphor for NUV LED application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Xinguo; Mo, Fuwang; Zhou, Liya; Gong, Menglian

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: The graphical abstract shows the excitation and emission spectrum of LiCaPO 4 :Eu 2+ , and the CIE coordinates of LiCaPO 4 :Eu 2+ . The inset shows the photo of blue LED prepared by LiCaPO 4 :Eu 2+ and NUV chip. It indicates that this phosphor can be excited by UV light and emit strong greenish-blue light. Highlights: •Pure phase blue phosphors of LiCaPO 4 :Eu 2+ with a hexagonal structure were first prepared via solid-state method. •The crystallographic site of Eu 2+ ion in the LiCaPO 4 lattice was identified as 8-fold Ca 2+ site. •The phosphor exhibits excellent thermal stability and the corresponding mechanism was thermal assisted ionization. •Bright and high color purity blue LED prototype based on LiCaPO 4 :Eu 2+ phosphor was fabricated. -- Abstract: Blue-emitting phosphors of Eu 2+ -activated LiCaPO 4 with a hexagonal structure were prepared via a conventional solid-state method. The XRD, PL spectra and thermal quenching were applied to characterize the phosphors. The crystallographic site of Eu 2+ ion in the LiCaPO 4 lattice was identified and discussed. The optimized LiCaPO 4 :0.03Eu 2+ exhibits the bright greenish-blue emission with CIE coordinates of (0.119, 0.155) and a quantum efficiency of 52%. The critical energy-transfer distance was confirmed as ∼18 Å by both calculated crystal structure method and experimental spectral method. The thermal stability of LiCaPO 4 :Eu 2+ was evaluated by temperature-dependent PL spectra, and the thermal quenching mechanism was found to be thermal assisted ionization. Prototype blue LEDs with high color purity and good current stability were fabricated

  6. Synthesis and luminescence properties of novel Sr{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Qiguang; Sun, Jiayue, E-mail: Jiayue_sun@126.com; Cui, Dianpeng; Di, Qiumei; Zeng, Junhui

    2015-02-15

    Sr{sub 3}(Gd{sub 1−x}Dy{sub x})(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphors for white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) were prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence spectra were utilized to characterize the structure and luminescence properties of the as-synthesized phosphors. Luminescence properties shows that the phosphor can be efficiently excited by the ultraviolet visible light in the region from 300 to 450 nm, and it exhibits blue (483 nm) and yellow (575 nm) emission corresponding to {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transition and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition, respectively. It has been found that concentration quenching occurs via dipole–dipole interaction according to Dexter's theory. The temperature dependence of photoluminescence properties is investigated from 25 to 250 °C and the prepared Sr{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors show good thermal quenching properties. - Highlights: • Sr{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized by a solid-state reaction method. • The phosphor could be efficiently excited by the UV–vis light region from 300 to 450 nm. • Sr{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors exhibited blue (483 nm) and yellow (575 nm) emission. • The Sr{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors concentration quenching occurred as a result of dipole–dipole interaction. • Sr{sub 3}Gd(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors showed good thermal quenching properties.

  7. Phase equilibrium in Al-Li-Ca(Sr, Ba) systems at 423 K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ganieva, N.I.; Nazarov, Kh.M.; Ganiev, I.N.

    1999-01-01

    The isothermic cross section of the Al-Li-Ca(Sr, Ba) systems at 423 K is obtained. It is shown that the Al-Li-Sr ternary system as well as the Li-Sr binary system differ by nature of components in interaction from the Al-Li-Ca(Ba) systems. This is obvious by formation of the SrAl 2 Li 2 ternary intermetallide, which is not observed in the systems with participation of barium and calcium [ru

  8. Thermoluminescence glow curve of CaZrO3 phosphor doped with Eu3+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tiwari, Neha; Kuraria, R.K.; Kuraria, S.R.

    2014-01-01

    Behaviour displayed by thermoluminescence analysis of Eu 3+ doped CaZrO 3 phosphor prepared by combustion synthesis technique. The sample was synthesized by combustion method because it is less time taking method as well as low temperature synthesis. For the thermoluminescence study the prepared sample irradiated by UV lamp the wavelength is 254 nm. Every time 2 mg of sample used for TL record at fixed heating rate 5℃ s -1 , sample shows well resolved higher temperature peak at 273℃. The high temperature peak shows more stability and less fading in prepared phosphor which is suitable for TL dosimetry. Also the variation with UV dose (5 to 30 min) shows sublinear response with dose

  9. Surface chemical reactions during electron beam irradiation of nanocrystalline CaS:Ce3+ phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumar, Vinay; Pitale, Shreyas S.; Nagpure, I. M.; Coetsee, E.; Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.; Terblans, J. J.; Swart, H. C.; Mishra, Varun

    2010-01-01

    The effects of accelerating voltage (0.5-5 keV) on the green cathodoluminescence (CL) of CaS:Ce 3+ nanocrystalline powder phosphors is reported. An increase in the CL intensity was observed from the powders when the accelerating voltage was varied from 0.5 to 5 keV, which is a relevant property for a phosphor to be used in field emission displays (FEDs). The CL degradation induced by prolonged electron beam irradiation was analyzed using CL spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The AES data showed the decrease in the S peak intensity and an increase in the O peak intensity during electron bombardment. The CL intensity was found to decrease to 30% of its original intensity after about 50 C/cm 2 . XPS was used to study the chemical composition of the CaS:Ce 3+ nanophosphor before and after degradation. The XPS data confirms that a nonluminescent CaSO 4 layer has formed on the surface during the degradation process, which may partially be responsible for the CL degradation. The electron stimulated surface chemical reaction mechanism was used to explain the effects of S desorption and the formation of the nonluminescent CaSO 4 layer on the surface.

  10. Melt processing of Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zanotto, E.D.; Cronin, J.P.; Dutta, B.

    1988-01-01

    Several Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O compositions were melted in Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ or Pt crucibles at temperatures between 1050C and 1200C. As-quenched specimens crystallized from the upper surfaces, while the bottom layers were glassy. Glass formation was improved for higher Bi/sub 2/O/sub 3/ concentrations. The crystalline portions were highly conductive, while the glassy layers were insulating. Both did not show superconductivity down to 10K. Thermal treatment in air caused a dramatic effect on the electronic properties; and annealing at 865C for long periods converted the two types of specimens (previously glassy or crystalline) to superconductors, at least for one composition. Aluminum impurity (up to 8.6 atom. pct.) had no detectable effect on the transition temperatures, i.e., T/sub c/ 85K for all superconducting samples. The flake-like (Bi/sub 2/Ca/sub 1/Sr/sub 2/Cu/sub 2/) phase, reported by other authors, was responsible for superconductivity

  11. Formation of rod type structures of CaSO4: Ce,P,Dy TLD phosphor using different synthesis routes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atone, M.S.; Wani, J.A.; Dhoble, S.J.

    2011-01-01

    Effect of Ce and P co-activation in CaSO 4 : Dy, standard TLD phosphor prepared by different synthesis root techniques and it's structural morphology is reported first time in this paper. We have already reported the sensitization of luminescence in CaSO 4 : Dy with phosphorous (P) and cerium (Ce) ions separately via acid distillation route. In the current investigation, we have doped these impurities (Ce, P, Dy) simultaneously in CaSO 4 host lattice. We have employed a well known chemical precipitation method and modified acid distillation method and have attempted to analyse the surface morphology resulted from these two synthesis routes. Chemical precipitation usually takes place at room temperature and in this way allows the reaction to take place silently. In case of acid distillation method we have reduced the synthesis temperature to 493K which is considerably less than 653K employed in previously reported literature. In case of precipitation method particle shape seems to be spherical and particle size is around one micro range or in the neighbourhood of nanorange. However, in the case of modified acid distillation method particles have shaped in to rod like structures and particle size again falls in the micro range. The photoluminescence intensity of the phosphor prepared by chemical precipitation method is weak as compared to the phosphor prepared by modified acid distillation method. Both the phosphors prepared by different methods have shown characteristic transitions of dopants. The emission spectra of prepared phosphors at 309 nm and 329 nm of Ce 3+ ions overlap well with excitation of Dy 3+ ions. Thermoluminescence (TL) property of both phosphors is again good though certain variation is observed in case of phosphor prepared by modified acid distillation method which shows rod like structure of phosphor. This variation in TL may be attributed to change in surface morphology (formation of rod type structure of particles) of the phosphor. (author)

  12. Ca2 Al2 SiO7 :Ce3+ phosphors for mechanoluminescence dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, Geetanjali; Brahme, Nameeta; Sharma, Ravi; Bisen, D P; Sao, Sanjay Kumar; Sahu, Ishwar Prasad

    2016-12-01

    A series of Ce 3+ ion single-doped Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 phosphors was synthesized by a combustion-assisted method at an initiating temperature of 600 °C. The samples were annealed at 1100 °C for 3 h and their X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed a tetragonal structure. The phase structure, particle size, surface morphology and elemental analysis were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy techniques. Thermoluminescence (TL) intensity increased with increase in ultraviolet (UV) light exposure time up to 15 min. With further increase in the UV irradiation time the TL intensity decreases. The increase in TL intensity indicates that trap concentration increased with UV exposure time. A broad peak at 121 °C suggested the existence of a trapping level. The peak of mechanoluminescence (ML) intensity versus time curve increased linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston. Mechanoluminescence intensity increased with increase in UV irradiation time up to 15 min. Under UV-irradiation excitation, the TL and ML emission spectra of Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Ce 3+ phosphor showed the characteristic emission of Ce 3+ peaking at 400 nm (UV-violet) and originating from the Ce 3+ transitions of 5d-4f ( 2 F 5/2 and 2 F 7/2 ). The photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra for Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Ce 3+ were similar to the ML/TL emission spectra. The mechanism of ML excitation and the suitability of the Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Ce 3+ phosphor for radiation dosimetry are discussed. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. Combustion synthesis of CaSc2O4:Ce3+ nano-phosphors in a closed system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peng Wenfang; Zou Shaoyu; Liu Guanxi; Xiao Quanlan; Zhang Rui; Xie Lijuan; Cao Liwei; Meng Jianxin; Liu Yingliang

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → CaSc 2 O 4 :Ce 3+ nano-phosphors can be prepared by a single-step combustion method. → The ignition temperature is the lowest in the combustion synthesis of Ce 3+ /Eu 2+ doped phosphors. → The as-prepared nano-phosphors give a uniform particle size in the range of 15-20 nm and have highly dispersity and fluorescence intensity. → It is a convenient method for preparation of monodispersed oxide nano-phosphors, especially those being sensitive to air at high temperature. - Abstract: The CaSc 2 O 4 :Ce 3+ nano-phosphors were successfully prepared by a single-step combustion method at an ignition temperature as low as 200 deg. C in a closed autoclave using glycine as a fuel and PEG4000 as a dispersant. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The results revealed that CaSc 2 O 4 :Ce 3+ nano-phosphors can be conveniently prepared at an ignition temperature as low as 200 deg. C, which was much lower than that in the ordinary combustion methods. The optimized ignition temperature was 220 deg. C. The CaSc 2 O 4 :Ce 3+ nano-phosphors give a uniform particle size in the range of 15-20 nm. The low ignition temperature and the addition of PEG4000 dispersant play important roles in the formation of small sized nanoparticles. The as-prepared nano-phosphors were incompact aggregates, but highly dispersed nano-phosphors can be obtained after further ultrasonic treatment. The CaSc 2 O 4 :Ce 3+ nano-phosphors give satisfactory luminescence characteristic benefiting from the closed circumstance, in which cerium atoms can be isolated from the oxidizing atmosphere and non-fluorescent Ce 4+ ions can be ruled out. The present highly dispersed CaSc 2 O 4 :Ce 3+ nano-phosphors with efficient fluorescence are promising in the field of biological labeling, and the present low temperature combustion method is facile and convenient and can

  14. Physiological studies in heterozygous calcium sensing receptor (CaSR gene-ablated mice confirm that the CaSR regulates calcitonin release in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovacs Christopher S

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The calcium sensing receptor (CaSR regulates serum calcium by suppressing secretion of parathyroid hormone; it also regulates renal tubular calcium excretion. Inactivating mutations of CaSR raise serum calcium and reduce urine calcium excretion. Thyroid C-cells (which make calcitonin express CaSR and may, therefore, be regulated by it. Since calcium stimulates release of calcitonin, the higher blood calcium caused by inactivation of CaSR should increase serum calcitonin, unless CaSR mutations alter the responsiveness of calcitonin to calcium. To demonstrate regulatory effects of CaSR on calcitonin release, we studied calcitonin responsiveness to calcium in normal and CaSR heterozygous-ablated (Casr+/- mice. Casr+/- mice have hypercalcemia and hypocalciuria, and live normal life spans. Each mouse received either 500 μl of normal saline or one of two doses of elemental calcium (500 μmol/kg or 5 mmol/kg by intraperitoneal injection. Ionized calcium was measured at baseline and 10 minutes, and serum calcitonin was measured on the 10 minute sample. Results At baseline, Casr+/- mice had a higher blood calcium, and in response to the two doses of elemental calcium, had greater increments and peak levels of ionized calcium than their wild type littermates. Despite significantly higher ionized calcium levels, the calcitonin levels of Casr+/- mice were consistently lower than wild type at any ionized calcium level, indicating that the dose-response curve of calcitonin to increases in ionized calcium had been significantly blunted or shifted to the right in Casr+/- mice. Conclusions These results confirm that the CaSR is a physiological regulator of calcitonin; therefore, in response to increases in ionized calcium, the CaSR inhibits parathyroid hormone secretion and stimulates calcitonin secretion.

  15. Phase transition and multicolor luminescence of Eu2+/Mn2+-activated Ca3(PO4)2 phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Kai; Chen, Daqin; Xu, Ju; Zhang, Rui; Yu, Yunlong; Wang, Yuansheng

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: We have synthesized Eu 2+ doped and Eu 2+ /Mn 2+ co-doped Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 phosphors. The emitting color varies from blue to green with increasing of Eu 2+ content for the Eu 2+ -doped phosphor, and the quantum yield of the 0.05Eu 2+ : Ca 2.95 (PO 4 ) 2 sample reaches 56.7%. Interestingly, Mn 2+ co-doping into Eu 2+ : Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 leads to its phase transition from orthorhombic to rhombohedral, and subsequently generates tunable multi-color luminescence from green to red via Eu 2+ → Mn 2+ energy transfer. - Highlights: • A series of novel Eu 2+ : Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 phosphors were successfully synthesized. • Phase transition of Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 from orthorhombic to rhombohedral occurred when Mn 2+ ions were doped. • The phosphors exhibited tunable multi-color luminescence. • The quantum yield of 0.05Eu 2+ : Ca 2.95 (PO 4 ) 2 phosphor can reach 56.7%. • The analyses of phosphors were carried out by many measurements. - Abstract: Intense blue-green-emitting Eu 2+ : Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 and tunable multicolor-emitting Eu 2+ /Mn 2+ : Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 phosphors are prepared via a solid-state reaction route. Eu 2+ -doped orthorhombic Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 phosphor exhibits a broad emission band in the wavelength range of 400–700 nm with a maximum quantum yield of 56.7%, and the emission peak red-shifts gradually from 479 to 520 nm with increase of Eu 2+ doping content. Broad excitation spectrum (250–420 nm) of Eu 2+ : Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 matches well with the near-ultraviolet LED chip, indicating its potential applications as tri-color phosphors in white LEDs. Interestingly, Mn 2+ co-doping into Eu 2+ : Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 leads to its phase transition from orthorhombic to rhombohedral, and subsequently generates tunable multi-color luminescence from green to red via Eu 2+ → Mn 2+ energy transfer, under 365 nm UV lamp excitation

  16. Synthesis and luminescent features of NaCaPO4:Tb3+ green phosphor for near UV-based LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ratnam, B.V.; Jayasimhadri, M.; Bhaskar Kumar, G.; Jang, Kiwan; Kim, S.S.; Lee, Y.I.; Lim, J.M.; Shin, D.S.; Song, T.K.

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► Successfully synthesized orthorhombic phase of NaCaPO 4 (NCP) phosphors ► Structural and Luminescent properties have been investigated. ► In the excitation spectrum, 7 F 6 → 5 G 6 transition at 370 nm exhibit highest intensity. ► CIE coordinates of Tb 3+ : NCP phosphor indicate green light emission in CIE diagram. ► Hence, Tb 3+ doped NaCaPO 4 is suitable for UV based pc-LEDs. -- Abstract: An efficient green emitting Tb 3+ doped NaCaPO 4 (NCP) phosphor was synthesized by using conventional solid-state reaction for solid-state lighting applications. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), FT-IR, emission and excitation properties were extensively investigated for NCP phosphors. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of NaCaPO 4 with orthorhombic structure. The excitation spectrum consists of strong 4f–4f transition at around 370 nm, which has higher intensity than the f–d transition. Emission spectra indicated that this phosphor can be efficiently excited by UV light in the range from 250 to 400 nm, and shows strong emission band centered at 547 nm. Analysis of the emission spectra with different Tb 3+ concentrations revealed that the optimum dopant concentration for these NCP phosphors is about 5 mol% of Tb 3+ . Diminishing of 5 D 3 level and increasing of 5 D 4 level emission intensity with the Tb 3+ concentration explained successfully. The emission color was analyzed and confirmed with the help of chromaticity coordinates and color temperature. The excellent luminescent properties of NaCaPO 4 :Tb 3+ phosphor makes it as a potential green phosphor upon near-UV LED excitation

  17. Structural characterization and optical properties of Eu"2"+ and Dy"2"+ doped Sr_2SiO_4 phosphor by solid state reaction method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Verma, Durga; Verma, Mohan L.; Upma; Patel, R.P.

    2016-01-01

    Thermoluminescence, SEM, FTIR Divalent dysprosium and europium doped strontium silicate (Sr_2SiO_4) phosphors were synthesized with the high-temperature solid-state reaction technique. The obtained phosphor was well characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, FTIR, UV-visible spectroscopy and thermoluminescence. The crystal structure of the prepared phosphor has an orthorhombic structure with space group Pnma. From scanning electron microscopy (SEM), agglomerations of particles were observed due to the high temperature synthesis process. The chemical composition of the sintered Sr_2SiO_4:Dy"2"+ and Sr_2SiO_4: Eu"2"+ phosphor was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The UV-VIS analysis can be thought as a good quality check for the optical behavior of materials. The Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirms the present elements in phosphor. Thermoluminescence study was carried out for the phosphor with UV irradiation show one glow peak. The trapping parameters associated with the prominent glow peak of Sr_2SiO_4:Dy"2"+ and Sr_2SiO_4:Eu"2"+ are calculated using Chen's glow curve method. The release of holes/electrons from defect centers at the characteristic trap site initiates the luminescence process in this material. (author)

  18. Continuous drawing of Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O glass fibers from a preform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng, H.; Hu, Y.; Mackenzie, J.D.

    1991-01-01

    Several issues related to drawing Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O glass fibers from a preform are discussed. Continuous drawing of Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O glass fibers was successfully accomplished. Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O glass fibers are drawn above the crystallization temperature. Minimizing crystallization of the glass preforms is a key for successful drawing of the glass fibers. Two effective means, high glass melting temperature and V 2 O 5 doping, have been used to minimize the crystallization of the preforms, thus assuring the continuous drawing of Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O glass fibers

  19. Luminescent properties of red-emitting LiSr4B3O(9−3x/2)Nx:Eu2+ phosphor for white-LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yu Hua; Deng Degang; Xu Shiqing; Yu Cuiping; Yin Haoyong; Nie Qiulin

    2012-01-01

    An Eu 2+ -activated oxynitride LiSr (4−y) B 3 O (9−3x/2) N x :yEu 2+ red-emitting phosphor was synthesized by solid-state reactions. The synthesized phosphor crystallized in a cubic system with space group Ia–3d. The LiSr 4 B 3 O (9−3x/2) N x :Eu 2+ phosphors exhibited a broad red emission band with a peak at 610 nm and a full width at half maximum of 106 nm under 410 nm excitation, which is ascribed to the 4f 6 5d 1 →4f 7 transition of Eu 2+ . The optimal doped nitrogen concentration was observed to be x=0.75. The average decay times of two different emission centers were estimated to be 568 and 489 ns in the LiSr 3.99 B 3 O 8.25 N 0.5 :0.01Eu 2+ phosphors, respectively. Concentration quenching of Eu 2+ ions occurred at y=0.07, and the critical distance was determined as 17.86 Å. The non-radiative transitions via dipole–dipole interactions resulted in the concentration quenching of Eu 2+ -site emission centers in the LiSr 4 B 3 O 9 host. These results indicate LiSr 4 B 3 O (9−3x/2) N x :Eu 2+ phosphor is promising for application in white near-UV LEDs. - Highlights: ► An oxynitride LiSr 4 B 3 O 9 N:Eu 2+ red-emitting phosphor was prepared at low synthesis temperature. ► The introduced nitrogen improved the excitation and emission intensity of the phosphor. ► The wide excitation band matches well with near-UV LED chips. ► The emission spectrum of the phosphor showed a broad full width at half maximum of about 106 nm.

  20. Thermoluminescence glow curve analysis and CGCD method for erbium doped CaZrO{sub 3} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiwari, Ratnesh, E-mail: 31rati@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Raipur, 493661 (India); Chopra, Seema [Department Physics, G.D Goenka Public School (India)

    2016-05-06

    The manuscript report the synthesis, thermoluminescence study at fixed concentration of Er{sup 3+} (1 mol%) doped CaZrO{sub 3} phosphor. The phosphors were prepared by modified solid state reaction method. The powder sample was characterized by thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve analysis. In TL glow curve the optimized concentration in 1mol% for UV irradiated sample. The kinetic parameters were calculated by computerized glow curve deconvolution (CGCD) techniaue. Trapping parameters gives the information of dosimetry loss in prepared phosphor and its usability in environmental monitoring and for personal monitoring. CGCD is the advance tool for analysis of complicated TL glow curves.

  1. Luminescent Properties of Sr4Si3O8Cl4:Eu2+, Bi3+ Phosphors for Near UV InGaN-Based Light-Emitting-Diodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wangqing Shen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sr4Si3O8Cl4 co-doped with Eu2+, Bi3+ were prepared by the high temperature reaction. The structure and luminescent properties of Sr4Si3O8Cl4:Eu2+, Bi3+ were investigated. With the introduction of Bi3+, luminescent properties of these phosphors have been optimized. Compared with Sr3.90Si3O8Cl4:0.10Eu2+, the blue-green phosphor Sr3.50Si3O8Cl4:0.10Eu2+, 0.40Bi3+ shows stronger blue-green emission with broader excitation in near-UV range. Bright blue-green light from the LED means this phosphor can be observed by the naked eye. Hence, it may have an application in near UV LED chips.

  2. UV-induced photoluminescence and thermally stimulated luminescence of CaSO{sub 4}:Eu and CaF{sub 2}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godbole, S.V.; Nagpal, J.S.; Page, A.G. E-mail: agpage@magnum.barc.ernet.in

    2000-08-15

    Ultraviolet radiation induced changes in photoluminescence (PL) and thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) of europium activated calcium sulphate (CaSO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 2+}) and terbium doped calcium fluoride (CaF{sub 2}:Tb{sup 3+}) phosphors have been studied. PL measurements suggest conversion of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} on 254 nm irradiation corresponding to charge transfer band of Eu{sup 3+} ions and reduction of Eu{sup 2+} ions with 365 nm illumination representing a f-d transition of Eu{sup 2+} ions. Similar studies carried out on CaF{sub 2}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphor, however, do not show any significant wavelength specific changes. The integrated TSL output appears to be rate-dependent for both phosphors. The wavelength dependent changes in TSL output observed for CaSO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor have been correlated with those obtained in PL studies. The changes in TSL and PL characteristics of CaF{sub 2}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphor have been explained on the basis of stabilisation of traps based on matrix specific charge similarities.

  3. Solidification of Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Oy and Bi2Sr1.75Ca0.25CuOy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holesinger, T.G.; Miller, D.J.; Viswanathan, H.K.; Chumbley, L.S.

    1993-01-01

    The solidification processes for the compositions Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O y (2212) and Bi 2 Sr 1.75 Ca 0.25 CuO y (2201) were determined as a function of oxygen partial pressure. During solidification in argon, the superconducting phases were generally not observed to form for either composition. In both cases, the solidus is lowered to approximately 750 degree C. Solidification of Bi 2 Sr 1.75 Ca 0.25 CuO y in Ar resulted in a divorced eutectic structure of Bi 2 Sr 2-x Ca x O y (22x) and Cu 2 O while solidification of Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O y in Ar resulted in a divorced eutectic structure of Bi 2 Sr 3-x Ca x O y (23x) and Cu 2 O. Solidification of Bi 2 Sr 1.75 Ca 0.25 CuO y in O 2 resulted in large grains of 2201 interspersed with small regions containing the eutectic structure of 22x and CuO/Cu 2 O. Solidification of Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O y in partial pressures of 1%, 20%, and 100% oxygen resulted in multiphase samples consisting of 2212, 2201, some alkaline-earth cuprates, and both divorced eutectic structures found during solidification in Ar. For both compositions, these latter structures can be attributed to oxygen deficiencies present in the melt regardless of the overpressure of oxygen. These eutectic structures are unstable and convert into the superconducting phases during subsequent anneals in oxygen. The formation process of the 2212 phase during solidification from the melt was determined to proceed through an intermediate state involving the 2201 phase

  4. Phase diagrams for systems Cu2S-AIIS (AII=Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andreev, O.V.; Sikerina, N.V.; Solov'eva, A.V.

    2005-01-01

    By the methods of physicochemical analysis phase diagrams of Cu 2 S-A II S (A II =Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) systems are studied. The system Cu 2 S-SrS is of eutectic type with eutectic coordinates 1095 K and 21.5 mol.% of SrS. Solubility of SrS in Cu 2 S is 2 mol.% at 1095 K. Regularities of phase diagram changes of Cu 2 S-A II S (A II =Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) system are determined. Thermodynamic analysis is done [ru

  5. Rapid formation of red long afterglow phosphor Sr3Al2O6:Eu2+, Dy3+ by microwave irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Ping; Xu Mingxia; Zheng Zhentai; Sun Bo; Zhang Yanhui

    2007-01-01

    A new red long afterglow phosphor Sr 3 Al 2 O 6 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ nanocrystalline particles were prepared using a microwave oven operated at a frequency of 2.45 GHz and a power of 680 W in a weak reductive atmosphere. The phosphor nanocrystalline particles were characterized by the X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence spectrophotometer. The results reveal that the samples are composed of single Sr 3 Al 2 O 6 phase. The obtained nanocrystalline particles show small size (80-100 nm) and spherical shape. The excitation and emission spectra indicate that excitation broadband chiefly lies in visible range and the nanocrystalline particles emit strong light at 612 nm under around 473 nm excitation. The effect of Eu 2+ doping concentrations of the samples on the emission intensity is studied systematically. Furthermore, comparing with conventional heating method, the microwave method has the advantages such as short heating time and low energy consumption. However, the decay speed of the afterglow for Sr 3 Al 2 O 6 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ nanocrystalline particles is faster than that obtained by the conventional heating method

  6. Synthesis and optical properties of red/blue-emitting Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu3+/Eu2+ phosphors for white LED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong Thi Hao Tam

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Phosphor-converted white light emitting diodes (white LEDs have received great attention in recent years since they have several excellent features such as high lumen output, low power consumption, long lifetime and environmentally friendly. In this work, we report the co-precipitation synthesis of red/blue Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu3+/Eu2+ phosphors with various Eu doping concentration. The results show that the obtained Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu3+/Eu2+ phosphors have good crystallinity and emit strong red (Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu3+ and blue (Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu2+ emissions under near UV light excitation. The sharp emission peaks at 577, 590, 612, 653, and 701 nm corresponded to the typical 5D0 → 7Fj (j = 0,1,2,3,4 transitions of Eu3+, and the blue emission peaking at 460 nm is attributed to the typical 4f65d1-4f7 transition of Eu2+ in the same Sr2MgSi2O7 host lattice. Both phosphors can be well excited in the wavelength range of 260–400 nm where the near UV-LED is well matched. The above results suggest that the Sr2MgSi2O7:Eu3+/Eu2+ phosphors are promising red/blue-emitting phosphors for the application in near UV pumped phosphor-converted white LEDs.

  7. Sr/Ca mass ratio determination in bones using fast neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hult, Mikael; Fessler, Andreas

    1998-01-01

    The Sr/Ca mass ratio in human bones reveals information regarding the diet which is of interest in archaeology. By using fast neutron activation analysis this ratio can be measured in a non-destructive manner, which is important when bones are considered too precious to allow for destructive analysis. Simulations and measurements showed that the nuclear reactions 88 Sr(n, 2n) 87m Sr and 44 Ca(n, p) 44 K are highly useful for the purpose

  8. Luminescent and morphological study of Sr2CeO4 blue phosphor prepared from oxalate precursors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrari, Jefferson L.; Pires, Ana M.; Serra, Osvaldo A.; Davolos, Marian R.

    2011-01-01

    Luminescent and morphological studies of Sr 2 CeO 4 blue phosphor prepared from cerium-doped strontium oxalate precursor are reported. Powder samples were prepared from 5 and 25 mol% Ce 3+ -doped strontium oxalate as well as from a mechanical mixture of strontium oxalate and cerium oxalate at a 4:1 ratio, respectively. All the samples were characterized by XRD, IR, PLS, and SEM. The luminescent and structural properties of the Sr 2 CeO 4 material are little affected by the SrCO 3 remaining from precursors. The Sr 2 CeO 4 material consists in one-dimensional chains of edge-sharing CeO 6 octahedra that are linked together by Sr 2+ ions. The carbonate ion might be associated with oxygen ions of the linear chain, and also with the oxygen atoms located in the equatorial position, which consequently affects the charge transfer bands between O 2- and Ce 4+ . As observed by SEM, the morphological changes are related to each kind of precursor and thermal treatment, along with irregular powder particles within the size range 0.5-2 μm.

  9. Transcription factor CREB is involved in CaSR-mediated cytoskeleton gene expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shuaishuai; Ren, Yu; Wang, Ping; Li, Yanyuan; Wang, Xue; Zhuang, Haihui; Fang, Rong; Wang, Yuduo; Liu, Ningsheng; Hehir, Michael; Zhou, Jeff X

    2015-03-01

    Our previous studies illustrated that a steady increase of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was important for maintaining microtubules (MTs) rearrangement in apoptotic cells. However, little is known about the effect of calcium sensing receptor (CaSR)-mediated increase in [Ca2+]i on cytoskeleton gene expression. We examined the impact of taxol or CaSR agonist/antagonist on the regulation of [Ca2+]i concentration, cytoskeleton arrangement, phosphorylated CREB and cytoskeleton gene expressions in HeLa cells with dominant negative plasmid of CREB (PM). This study demonstrated that Gdcl3 (a specific CaSR agonist) evoked a rapid increase of [Ca2+]i, formed a rigid bundle of MTs which surrounded the nucleus and decreased the cytoskeleton gene expressions in HeLa cells. These effects were rescued by addition of NPS2390 (a specific CaSR antagonist). Moreover, CaSR activity affected cytoskeleton gene expression through transcription factor CREB. Histoscores of pCREB immunoreactivity in tissues of cervical adenocarcinoma, renal clear cell carcinoma, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were markedly increased compared with non malignant tissue. These data demonstrate, for the first time, that CaSR-mediated increase in [Ca2+]i probably modulate cytoskeleton organization and gene expression via transcription factor. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. A novel yellow-emitting SrAlSi4N7:Ce3+ phosphor for solid state lighting: Synthesis, electronic structure and photoluminescence properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruan, Jian; Xie, Rong-Jun; Funahashi, Shiro; Tanaka, Yoshinori; Takeda, Takashi; Suehiro, Takayuki; Hirosaki, Naoto; Li, Yuan-Qiang

    2013-01-01

    Ce 3+ -doped and Ce 3+ /Li + -codoped SrAlSi 4 N 7 phosphors were synthesized by gas pressure sintering of powder mixtures of Sr 3 N 2 , AlN, α-Si 3 N 4 , CeN and Li 3 N. The phase purity, electronic crystal structure, photoluminescence properties of SrAlSi 4 N 7 :Ce 3+ (Ce 3+ /Li + ) were investigated in this work. The band structure calculated by the DMol 3 code shows that SrAlSi 4 N 7 has a direct band gap of 3.87 eV. The single crystal analysis of Ce 3+ -doped SrAlSi 4 N 7 indicates a disordered Si/Al distribution and nitrogen vacnacy defects. SrAlSi 4 N 7 was identified as a major phase of the fired powders, and Sr 5 Al 5 Si 21 N 35 O 2 and AlN as minor phases. Both Ce 3+ and Ce 3+ /Li + doped SrAlSi 4 N 7 phosphors can be efficiently excited by near-UV or blue light and show a broadband yellow emission peaking around 565 nm. A highest external quantum efficiency of 38.3% under the 450 nm excitation was observed for the Ce 3+ /Li + -doped SrAlSi 4 N 7 (5 mol%). A white light LED lamp with color temperature of 6300 K and color rendering index of Ra=78 was achieved by combining Sr 0.97 Al 1.03 Si 3.997 N/94/maccounttest14=t0005 1 8193 7 :Ce 3+ 0.03 with a commercial blue InGaN chip. It indicates that SrAlSi 4 N 7 :Ce 3+ is a promising yellow emitting down-conversion phosphor for white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: One-phosphor converted white light-emitting diode (LED) was fabricated by combining a blue LED chip and a yellow-emitting SrAlSi4N7:Ce 3+ phosphor (see inset), which has the color rendering index of 78 and color temperature of 6300 K. - Highlights: • We reported a new yellow nitride phosphor suitable for solid state lighting. • We solved the crystal structure and evidenced a disordered Si/Al distribution. • We fabricated a high color rendering white LEDs by using a single SrAlSi4N7:Ce

  11. CaSO4:DY,Mn: A new and highly sensitive thermoluminescence phosphor for versatile dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahl, Shaila; Lochab, S. P.; Kumar, Pratik

    2016-02-01

    With the advent of newer techniques for dose reduction coupled with the development of more sensitive detectors, the radiation doses in radiological medical investigation are decreasing. Nevertheless, keeping the tenet in mind that all radiation doses could entail risk, there is a need to develop more sensitive dosimeters capable of measuring low doses. This paper gives the account of the development of a new and sensitive phosphor CaSO4:Dy,Mn and its characterization. The standard production procedure based on the recrystallization method was used to prepare CaSO4:Dy,Mn. The Thermoluminescence (TL) studies were carried out by exposing it with gamma radiation (Cs-137) from 10 μGy to 100 Gy. The theoretical studies to determine the number of peaks and kinetic parameters related to the TL glow peaks in CaSO4:Dy,Mn was performed using the Computerized Glow Curve Deconvolution (CGCD) method. Experiments were performed to determine optimum concentration of the dopants Dysprosium (Dy) and Mangnese (Mn) in the host CaSO4 so that maximum sensitivity of the phosphor may be achieved. The optimum dopant concentration turned out to be 0.1 mol%. As there were two dopants Dy and Mn their relative ratio were varied in steps of 0.025 keeping the concentration of total dopant (Dy and Mn) 0.1 mol% always. The maximum TL intensity was seen in the CaSO4:Dy(0.025),Mn(0.075) combination. The TL sensitivity of this phosphor was found to be about 2 and 1.8 times higher than that of popular phosphor CaSO4:Dy and LiF:Mg,Cu,P (TLD-700H) respectively. This new phosphor CaSO4:Dy,Mn showed fading of 11% which is similar to that of the standard phosphor CaSO4:Dy. The paper concludes that the new, highly sensitive TL phosphor CaSO4:Dy,Mn has shown higher sensitivity and hence the potential to replace commonly used CaSO4:Dy.

  12. Analysis of green luminescent Tb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 powder phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vengala Rao, B.; Rambabu, U.; Buddhudu, S.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on the emission analysis of a green luminescent Tb 3+ :Ca 4 GdO(BO 3 ) 3 powder phosphor based on the measurements of excitation, emission and lifetimes. Besides this, we have also observed an intense green emission from this powder phosphor under an UV source. The emission transitions of ( 5 D 4 →7 F 3,4,5,6 ) with λ exci =257 nm have been measured. Particularly, the green emission transition ( 5 D 4 →7 F 5 ) at 553 nm has been found to be more prominent and intense. Such green strong emission displaying powder phosphor will find applications in the development of coated screens in certain electronic systems. Apart from the emission analysis of this phosphor, XRD, SEM and FTIR studies have also been carried out in order to understand the structural details of it

  13. Sr(1.7)Zn(0.3)CeO4: Eu3+ novel red-emitting phosphors: synthesis and photoluminescence properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haifeng; Zhao, Ran; Jia, Yonglei; Sun, Wenzhi; Fu, Jipeng; Jiang, Lihong; Zhang, Su; Pang, Ran; Li, Chengyu

    2014-03-12

    A series of novel red-emitting Sr1.7Zn0.3CeO4:Eu(3+) phosphors were synthesized through conventional solid-state reactions. The powder X-ray diffraction patterns and Rietveld refinement verified the similar phase of Sr1.7Zn0.3CeO4:Eu(3+) to that of Sr2CeO4. The photoluminescence spectrum exhibits that peak located at 614 nm ((5)D0-(7)F2) dominates the emission of Sr1.7Zn0.3CeO4:Eu(3+) phosphors. Because there are two regions in the excitation spectrum originating from the overlap of the Ce(4+)-O(2-) and Eu(3+)-O(2-) charge-transfer state band from 200 to 440 nm, and from the intra-4f transitions at 395 and 467 nm, the Sr1.7Zn0.3CeO4:Eu(3+) phosphors can be well excited by the near-UV light. The investigation of the concentration quenching behavior, luminescence decay curves, and lifetime implies that the dominant mechanism type leading to concentration quenching is the energy transfer among the nearest neighbor or next nearest neighbor activators. The discussion about the dependence of photoluminescence spectra on temperature shows the better thermal quenching properties of Sr1.7Zn0.3CeO4:0.3Eu(3+) than that of Sr2CeO4:Eu(3+). The experimental data indicates that Sr1.7Zn0.3CeO4:Eu(3+) phosphors have the potential as red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes.

  14. Investigation of Luminescence Characteristics of Some Synthetic Nano phosphors and Possibility of Application in Mixed Field Radiation Detection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, N.Y.A.

    2013-01-01

    The work given in this thesis aimed at Fabrication of high quality nano phosphor particles for getting high sensitive thermoluminescence material to use as ionizing radiation dosimeter. Ca Sr S nano phosphor has been prepared by solid state diffusion reaction method. The prepared nano phosphor was then activated with proper addition of some rare earth elements (dysprosium and gadolinium) for the sake of improving its TL sensitivity. The doped Ca Sr S nano phosphor was then treated by different courses of heat annealing for dual sake and regeneration. High temperature and high gamma dose sensitization are also used to increase sensitivity of Ca Sr S doped. By this means the TL-intensity of treated samples proved about 24 times observed enhancement. The prepared Ca Sr S: Dy nano phosphor is very reliable as pure gamma dosimeter for various applications such as personal, environmental and clinical dosimetry.

  15. Multichannel Luminescence Properties of Mixed-Valent Eu2+/Eu3+ Coactivated SrAl3BO7 Nanocrystalline Phosphors for Near-UV LEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoming; Xie, Weijie; Lü, Ying; Feng, Jingchun; Tang, Xinghua; Lin, Jun; Dai, Yuhua; Xie, Yu; Yan, Liushui

    2017-11-20

    Up to now, orchestrating the coexistence of Eu 2+ and Eu 3+ activators in a single host lattice has been an extremely difficult task, especially for the appearance of the characteristic emission of Eu 2+ and Eu 3+ in order to generate white light. Nevertheless, here we demonstrate a new Eu 2+ /Eu 3+ coactivated SrAl 3 BO 7 nanocrystalline phosphor with abundant and excellent multichannel luminescence properties. A series of Eu 2+ /Eu 3+ coactivated SrAl 3 BO 7 nanocrystalline phosphors were prepared through a Pechini-type sol-gel method followed by a reduction process. With excitation of UV/NUV light, the prepared SrAl 3 BO 7 :Eu 2+ ,Eu 3+ phosphors show not only the characteristic f-f transitions of Eu 3+ ion ( 5 D J → 7 F J,J' , J, J' = 0-3), but also the 5d → 4f transitions of Eu 2+ ion with comparable intensity from 400 to 700 nm in the whole visible spectral region. The luminescence color of the SrAl 3 BO 7 :Eu 2+ ,Eu 3+ phosphor can be tuned from blue, blue-green, white, and orange to orange-red by changing the excitation wavelength, the overall doping concentration of europium ions (Eu 2+ , Eu 3+ ), and the relative ratio of Eu 2+ to Eu 3+ ions to some extent. A single-phase white-light emission has been realized in SrAl 3 BO 7 :Eu 2+ ,Eu 3+ phosphor. The obtained SrAl 3 BO 7 :Eu 2+ ,Eu 3+ phosphor has potential application in the area of NUV white-light-emitting diodes.

  16. Near infrared fluorescence and energy transfer in Ce/Nd Co-doped Ca{sub x}Sr{sub 1-x}S

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meng Jianxin, E-mail: tmjx@jnu.edu.c [Institute of Nanochemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Wan Wenjiao; Fan Lili; Yang Chuangtao; Chen Qingqing [Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Cao Liwei; Man Shiqing [Institute of Nanochemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China)

    2011-01-15

    Novel near infrared (NIR) phosphors Ca{sub x}Sr{sub 1-x}S:Ce{sup 3+},Nd{sup 3+} were synthesized by a solid state reaction. The NIR emission was realized through an efficient absorption by the allowed 4f-5d transition of Ce{sup 3+} and efficient energy transfer to Nd{sup 3+} via well-matched energy levels. Ce{sup 3+} and Nd{sup 3+} content in CaS/SrS was optimized. It was found that CaS:Ce{sup 3+},Nd{sup 3+} gave much stronger NIR emission than that of SrS:Ce{sup 3+},Nd{sup 3+}. Further studies on Ca{sub x}Sr{sub 1-x}S:Ce{sup 3+},Nd{sup 3+} indicated that both visible emission of Ce{sup 3+} and NIR emission of Nd{sup 3+} were observably affected by Ca/Sr ratio. The energy transfer efficiency, which can be estimated from fluorescence lifetime of Ce{sup 3+}, increased from 52% to 74% for the Ca{sub x}Sr{sub 1-x}S:Ce{sup 3+},Nd{sup 3+} (x=0 to 1) series, accompanied with a shift of maximal emission wavelength of Ce{sup 3+} from 482 to 505 nm. The results showed that overlap between emission spectrum of Ce{sup 3+} and excitation spectrum of Nd{sup 3+} plays an important role in the energy transfer efficiency, and Ce{sup 3+} emitting in green or blue-greenish region sensitized the Nd{sup 3+} NIR fluorescence emission more efficiently than that in blue region.

  17. β-Adrenergic induced SR Ca2+ leak is mediated by an Epac-NOS pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Laëtitia; Bare, Dan J; Galice, Samuel; Shannon, Thomas R; Bers, Donald M

    2017-07-01

    Cardiac β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR) and Ca 2+ -Calmodulin dependent protein kinase (CaMKII) regulate both physiological and pathophysiological Ca 2+ signaling. Elevated diastolic Ca 2+ leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) contributes to contractile dysfunction in heart failure and to arrhythmogenesis. β-AR activation is known to increase SR Ca 2+ leak via CaMKII-dependent phosphorylation of the ryanodine receptor. Two independent and reportedly parallel pathways have been implicated in this β-AR-CaMKII cascade, one involving exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac2) and another involving nitric oxide synthase 1 (NOS1). Here we tested whether Epac and NOS function in a single series pathway to increase β-AR induced and CaMKII-dependent SR Ca 2+ leak. Leak was measured as both Ca 2+ spark frequency and tetracaine-induced shifts in SR Ca 2+ , in mouse and rabbit ventricular myocytes. Direct Epac activation by 8-CPT (8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2'-O-methyl-cAMP) mimicked β-AR-induced SR Ca 2+ leak, and both were blocked by NOS inhibition. The same was true for myocyte CaMKII activation (assessed via a FRET-based reporter) and ryanodine receptor phosphorylation. Inhibitor and phosphorylation studies also implicated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt) downstream of Epac and above NOS activation in this pathway. We conclude that these two independently characterized parallel pathways function mainly via a single series arrangement (β-AR-cAMP-Epac-PI3K-Akt-NOS1-CaMKII) to mediate increased SR Ca 2+ leak. Thus, for β-AR activation the cAMP-PKA branch effects inotropy and lusitropy (by effects on Ca 2+ current and SR Ca 2+ -ATPase), this cAMP-Epac-NOS pathway increases pathological diastolic SR Ca 2+ leak. This pathway distinction may allow novel SR Ca 2+ leak therapeutic targeting in treatment of arrhythmias in heart failure that spare the inotropic and lusitropic effects of the PKA branch. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All

  18. Long afterglow property of Er{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Dongyun, E-mail: dyz@sit.edu.cn; Shi, Mingming; Sun, Yiwen; Guo, Yunyun; Chang, Chengkang

    2016-05-15

    A novel green emitting long afterglow phosphor, Er{sup 3+} -doped Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} (Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+}), was prepared successfully via a traditional high temperature solid–state reaction method. Its properties have been characterized and analyzed by utilizing x-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence spectroscope (PLS), afterglow decay curve (ADC) and thermal luminescence spectroscope (TLS). Three main emission peaks of PLS locate at 524, 550 and 668 nm, corresponding to CIE chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.326, y = 0.6592. An optimal doping concentration of Er{sup 3+} of 2% was determined. The Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+} phosphors showed a typical triple-exponential afterglow decay behavior when the UV source was switched off. Thermal simulated luminescence study indicated that the persistent afterglow of Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:2 mol% Er{sup 3+} phosphors was generated by the suitable electron or hole traps which were resulted from the doping the Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4} host with rare-earth ions (Er{sup 3+}). - Highlights: • A novel green emitting long afterglow phosphor, Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+}, was prepared. • An optimal doping concentration of Er{sup 3+} of 2% was determined. • After the UV source was turned off, the Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+} showed a typical triple-exponential afterglow decay behavior. • CIE chromaticity coordinates results confirmed a green light emitting of the Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+}. • The persistent afterglow of the Ca{sub 2}SnO{sub 4}:Er{sup 3+} was attributed to suitable electron or hole traps.

  19. Synthesis, characterisation, luminescence and defect centres in solution combustion synthesised CaZrO3:Tb3+ phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Vijay; Watanabe, S.; Gundu Rao, T.K.; Al-Shamery, Katharina; Haase, Markus; Jho, Young-Dahl

    2012-01-01

    Tb 3+ doped CaZrO 3 has been prepared by an easy solution combustion synthesis method. The combustion derived powder was investigated by X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy techniques. A room temperature photoluminescence study showed that the phosphors can be efficiently excited by 251 nm light with a weak emission in the blue and orange region and a strong emission in green light region. CaZrO 3 :Tb 3+ exhibits three thermoluminescence (TL) glow peaks at 126 °C, 200 °C and 480 °C. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) studies were carried out to study the defect centres induced in the phosphor by gamma irradiation and also to identify the centres responsible for the TL peaks. The room temperature ESR spectrum of irradiated phosphor appears to be a superposition of two distinct centres. One of the centres (centre I) with principal g-value 2.0233 is identified as an O − ion. Centre II with an axial symmetric g-tensor with principal values g ⊥ =1.9986 and g ⊥ =2.0023 is assigned to an F + centre (singly ionised oxygen vacancy). An additional defect centre is observed during thermal annealing experiments and this centre (assigned to F + centre) seems to originate from an F centre (oxygen vacancy with two electrons). The F centre and also the F + centre appear to correlate with the observed high temperature TL peak in CaZrO 3 :Tb 3+ phosphor. - Highlights: ► Powder phosphor of CaZrO 3 :Tb 3+ was prepared by an easy solution combustion synthesis method. ► The phosphor exhibits a bright green emission at 545 nm ( 5 D 4 → 7 F 5 ) of the Tb 3+ ion. ► Electron Spin Resonance studies have been carried out to identify the defect centres responsible for the observed thermoluminescence peaks.

  20. Photoluminescence properties of a novel red phosphor Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5}Cl{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Zhonghua; Hu, Yihua; Zhang, Shaoan; Lin, Jun [Guangdong University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Guangzhou (China)

    2016-02-15

    Eu{sup 3+}-doped Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5}Cl{sub 2} phosphors were synthesized successfully via a two-step solid-state reaction method. Phase purity and morphology of the phosphor were confirmed by XRD and SEM techniques. In the excitation spectra of Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5}Cl{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor, the broad excitation band centering at 310 nm is due to the combination of charge transfer from Eu{sup 3+}→O{sup 2-} and host absorption. And it matches well the emission wavelength from UV LEDs. Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5}Cl{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors show a bright orange-red luminescence under excitation with 301 nm. However, concentration quenching of Eu{sup 3+} in Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5}Cl{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} occurs at a low content of 0.07 in this work. The quenching mechanism of Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}O{sub 5}Cl{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} was discussed in detail on the basis of the experimental results. (orig.)

  1. New thermally stable red-emitting phosphors Pr{sup 3+}, M{sup +}:SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (M=Li, Na, K)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiong, F.B., E-mail: fbxiong@xmut.edu.cn [Department of Optoelectronics, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Information Materials and Devices, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Lin, H.F.; Xu, Y.C.; Shen, H.X. [Department of Optoelectronics, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Zhu, W.Z. [Department of Optoelectronics, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Information Materials and Devices, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China)

    2016-09-15

    New red-emitting phosphors Pr{sup 3+}, M{sup +}:SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (M=Li, Na, K) in pure phase were synthesized via high-temperature solid-state reaction. Luminescent properties of those phosphors were characterized in detail. Pr{sup 3+}, M{sup +}:SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (M=Li, Na, K) can be excited under the range of 430–500 nm excitation, which covers the emission spectra of blue InGaN chip, exhibits pure red emission bands centered at 605 and 662 nm. The alkali-metal Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, or K{sup +} acting as charge compensators can improve fluorescent emission intensities of Pr{sup 3+} ions, and Pr{sup 3+}, Na{sup +}:SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} shows the strongest emission intensities among those phosphors. Concentration quenching could be attributed to electric dipole–dipole interaction among Pr{sup 3+} ions. The temperature-dependent luminescence indicated Pr{sup 3+}, Na{sup +}:SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} shows highly thermal stability. Those work suggests that Pr{sup 3+}, M{sup +}:SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (M=Li, Na, K) as thermally stable red-emitting phosphor might be potentially applied in WLED.

  2. Structural distortions in Sr3-xAxMO4F (A=Ca, Ba; M=Al, Ga, In) anti-Perovskites and corresponding changes in photoluminescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sullivan, Eirin; Avdeev, Maxim; Vogt, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The ordered oxyfluoride family Sr 3 − x A x MO 4 F (A=Ca, Ba and M=Al, Ga) has formed the basis of several new inorganic phosphors, and shows great potential for use in phosphor-conversion LED lamp devices. This study examines the correlation between subtle structural changes and photoluminescent behaviour in some of these materials. In order to ascertain whether cation charge compensation has any influence on structure and subsequent photoluminescent behaviour, a comparison was carried out between phases with the nominal compositions Sr 2.975 Ce 0.025 AlO 4 F and Sr 2.95 Ce 0.025 Na 0.025 AlO 4 F using structural characterisation based upon high-resolution neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data. Additionally, NPD data has been used to elucidate the role of different M cations in these materials, using Sr 2.25 Ba 0.6 Eu 0.1 M 0.95 In 0.05 O 4−α F 1−δ (M=Al, Ga) to determine the effect M cation size has on structure and photoluminescent properties. - Graphical abstract: The structure of Sr3-xAxMO4F (A=Ca, Ba and M=Al, Ga) and excitation and emission spectra for Sr 2.25 Ba 0.6 Eu 0.1 Ga 0.95 In 0.05 O 4−α F 1−δ . Highlights: ► Correlation between structural changes and photoluminescence in Sr 3−x A x MO 4 F (A=Ca, Ba, M=Al, Ga). ► Comparison of Sr 2.975 Ce 0.025 AlO 4 F and Sr 2.95 Ce 0.025 Na 0.025 AlO 4 F using high-resolution NPD. ► Study of the effect of cation charge-compensation on structure and photoluminescent behaviour. ► Examination of high-resolution NPD data for Sr 2.25 Ba 0.6 Eu 0.1 M 0.95 In 0.05 O 4−α F 1−δ (M=Al, Ga). ► Determination of the effect M cation size has on structure and photoluminescent properties.

  3. A novel yellow-emitting SrAlSi4N7:Ce3+ phosphor for solid state lighting: Synthesis, electronic structure and photoluminescence properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Jian; Xie, Rong-Jun; Funahashi, Shiro; Tanaka, Yoshinori; Takeda, Takashi; Suehiro, Takayuki; Hirosaki, Naoto; Li, Yuan-Qiang

    2013-12-01

    Ce3+-doped and Ce3+/Li+-codoped SrAlSi4N7 phosphors were synthesized by gas pressure sintering of powder mixtures of Sr3N2, AlN, α-Si3N4, CeN and Li3N. The phase purity, electronic crystal structure, photoluminescence properties of SrAlSi4N7:Ce3+(Ce3+/Li+) were investigated in this work. The band structure calculated by the DMol3 code shows that SrAlSi4N7 has a direct band gap of 3.87 eV. The single crystal analysis of Ce3+-doped SrAlSi4N7 indicates a disordered Si/Al distribution and nitrogen vacnacy defects. SrAlSi4N7 was identified as a major phase of the fired powders, and Sr5Al5Si21N35O2 and AlN as minor phases. Both Ce3+ and Ce3+/Li+ doped SrAlSi4N7 phosphors can be efficiently excited by near-UV or blue light and show a broadband yellow emission peaking around 565 nm. A highest external quantum efficiency of 38.3% under the 450 nm excitation was observed for the Ce3+/Li+-doped SrAlSi4N7 (5 mol%). A white light LED lamp with color temperature of 6300 K and color rendering index of Ra=78 was achieved by combining Sr0.97Al1.03Si3.997N\\94\\maccounttest14=t0005_18193 7:Ce3+0.03 with a commercial blue InGaN chip. It indicates that SrAlSi4N7:Ce3+ is a promising yellow emitting down-conversion phosphor for white LEDs.

  4. Study on luminescence and thermal stability of blue-emitting Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+phosphor for application in InGaN-based LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, Jie; Zhang, Zhi-Ming; Wu, Zhan-Chao; Wang, Fang-Fang; Li, Zhen-Jiang

    2017-01-01

    Highlights: • A blue phosphor Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ was prepared at low temperature of 800 °C. • The broad excitation band of the phosphor matches well with NUV LED chips. • The phosphor shows high color purity and good color stability. • A bright blue-emitting LED was fabricated with this phosphor on an InGaN chip. - Abstract: A series of blue-emitting phosphors Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ were synthesized by traditional high temperature solid-state reaction method. The micro-morphology and photoluminescence properties of the phosphors were investigated. The Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ phosphors exhibit broad excitation spectra ranging from 250 to 420 nm, and an intense asymmetric blue emission band peaking at 435 nm. Two different Eu"2"+ emission centers in Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ phosphors were confirmed via their fluorescence properties. The concentration quenching mechanism, fluorescence lifetime and thermal stability of Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ phosphors were studied in detail. The thermal stability can be improved obviously by anion substitution. The CIE chromaticity coordinates of Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ phosphors with different Eu"2"+-doped concentrations were calculated. A blue light-emitting diode was fabricated by combination of a 370 nm InGaN chip and the prepared phosphor Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+. The present work suggests that Sr_5(PO_4)_3F: Eu"2"+ is a potential phosphor applied in InGaN-based LEDs.

  5. Study on luminescence and thermal stability of blue-emitting Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+}phosphor for application in InGaN-based LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Jie; Zhang, Zhi-Ming [State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Wu, Zhan-Chao, E-mail: wuzhan_chao@163.com [State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Wang, Fang-Fang [State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Li, Zhen-Jiang, E-mail: zjli126@126.com [State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-chemical Engineering, College of Sino-German Science and Technology, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, 53 Zhengzhou Road, Qingdao 266042, Shandong (China)

    2017-07-15

    Highlights: • A blue phosphor Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} was prepared at low temperature of 800 °C. • The broad excitation band of the phosphor matches well with NUV LED chips. • The phosphor shows high color purity and good color stability. • A bright blue-emitting LED was fabricated with this phosphor on an InGaN chip. - Abstract: A series of blue-emitting phosphors Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} were synthesized by traditional high temperature solid-state reaction method. The micro-morphology and photoluminescence properties of the phosphors were investigated. The Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} phosphors exhibit broad excitation spectra ranging from 250 to 420 nm, and an intense asymmetric blue emission band peaking at 435 nm. Two different Eu{sup 2+} emission centers in Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were confirmed via their fluorescence properties. The concentration quenching mechanism, fluorescence lifetime and thermal stability of Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were studied in detail. The thermal stability can be improved obviously by anion substitution. The CIE chromaticity coordinates of Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} phosphors with different Eu{sup 2+}-doped concentrations were calculated. A blue light-emitting diode was fabricated by combination of a 370 nm InGaN chip and the prepared phosphor Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+}. The present work suggests that Sr{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}F: Eu{sup 2+} is a potential phosphor applied in InGaN-based LEDs.

  6. Ca and Sr isotope records support ocean acidification during end-Permian mass extinction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J.; Jacobson, A. D.; Zhang, H.; Ramezani, J.; Sageman, B. B.; Hurtgen, M.; Bowring, S. A.; Shen, S.

    2017-12-01

    The end-Permian mass extinction represents the most devastating loss of biodiversity during the Phanerozoic. A negative carbon isotope (δ13C) excursion that accompanies the event suggests a significant perturbation to the global carbon cycle, likely induced by CO2 emissions during eruption of the Siberian Traps large igneous province. The carbon cycle is linked with the Ca and Sr cycles through chemical weathering and carbonate precipitation. Therefore, analyses of Ca (δ44/40Ca), radiogenic Sr (87Sr/86Sr), and stable Sr (δ88/86Sr) isotope abundance variations in marine carbonate rocks spanning the Permian-Triassic Boundary (PTB) can reveal key information about biogeochemical changes that occurred during this time. We report δ44/40Ca, 87Sr/86Sr, and δ88/86Sr records analyzed by TIMS for the Meishan and Dajiang sections in China. δ44/40Ca values exhibit similar patterns in both sections. The values remain unchanged across the extinction event layer (EXT) and then decrease by 0.20‰ before increasing by 0.20‰ to 0.40‰ around the PTB. In the Meishan section, 87Sr/86Sr ratios increase after the EXT and return to pre-excursion levels by the PTB. Simultaneously, δ88/86Sr values decrease by 0.12‰ across the EXT and increase by 0.08‰ by the PTB. The patterns of our data support the hypothesis that elevated atmospheric CO2 levels enhanced chemical weathering inputs and might have caused transient ocean acidification, with an "alkalinity overshoot" and increased carbonate deposition occurring after the extinction. Additional measurements and model calculations are underway to help refine and improve these preliminary interpretations.

  7. Preparation and tunable luminescence of CaCO{sub 3}: Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Qijun; Dong, Yanwei; Kang, Ming, E-mail: dyw510@126.com; Zhang, Ping

    2014-12-15

    Luminescent tunable phosphors CaCO{sub 3}: Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} were synthesized by a microwave co-precipitation method. The structure and micro-morphology of samples were characterized and analyzed by an X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and a scanning electronic microscope (SEM), results showed that Tb{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions were uniformly introduced into the host lattice of CaCO{sub 3} entering substitutionally in Ca{sup 2+} sites. The photoluminescence (PL) properties were characterized by PL, PL excitation spectroscopy and chromaticity coordinates. Under the excitation at 235 nm and 267 nm, the transitions of {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub J} (J=3–6) for Tb{sup 3+} and {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub J} (J=0–3) for Eu{sup 3+} were observed, and the luminescent intensities and emitting colors of Eu{sup 3+}–Tb{sup 3+} co-doped CaCO{sub 3} phosphors could be gradually changed between red and green by changing the Eu/Tb atomic ratio and the excitation wavelength. - highlights: • A new phosphor CaCO{sub 3}: Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} was prepared by the microwave co-precipitation method. • The phosphors exhibited green and red color under UV excitation. • The emission color could be gradually tuned between green and red. • The phosphors had the potential as materials for anti-counterfeiting technologies.

  8. Effects of nanostructuring on luminescence properties of SrS:Ce,Sm phosphor: An experimental and phenomenological study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdanmehr, Mohsen; Sadeghi, Hossein; Tehrani, Masoud Kavosh; Hashemifar, Seyed Javad; Mahdavi, Mohammad

    2018-01-01

    In this work, we employ various experimental techniques to illustrate the effects of nanostructuring on improvement of the luminescence properties of the polycrystalline SrS co-activated by cerium and samarium dopants (SrS : Ce , Sm). The nano and microstructure SrS : Ce , Sm powders were synthesized by the co-precipitation and solid state diffusion methods, respectively, followed by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) process to densify powders into pellet shape. It is observed that the photo-luminescence (PL), radio-luminescence (RL), and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) emission intensity of the nanostructure samples are significantly improved with respect to the microstructure samples. Moreover, by using an accurate photomultiplier tube, we measured the CW-OSL decay curves of the samples to demonstrate much higher and faster sensitivity of the nanostructure SrS : Ce , Sm for in-flight and online OSL radiation dosimetry. The obtained absorption and emission spectra are used for phenomenology of the electronic band structure of the SrS : Ce , Sm micro and nano-phosphors inside the band gap. The proposed phenomenological electronic structures are then used to clarify the role of Ce3+ and Sm3+ localized energy levels in the luminescence properties of the nano and microstructure samples. It is argued that electronic transitions from the 2T2g state of Ce3+ and the 4G5/2 state of Sm3+ have strong contribution to the PL and RL emission spectra, while in the OSL mechanism, the Sm3+ 4G5/2 state is mainly responsible for electrons trapping.

  9. Luminescence properties of Sm{sup 3+}-doped Sr{sub 3}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lei Bingfu, E-mail: tleibf@jnu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Department of Chemistry and Nanochemistry Institute, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Man Shiqing [Department of Chemistry and Nanochemistry Institute, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Liu Yingliang [Department of Chemistry and Nanochemistry Institute, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Yue Song [Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China)

    2010-12-01

    We report on a luminescent phenomenon in Sm{sup 3+}-doped Sr{sub 3}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} afterglow phosphor. XRD, photoluminescence, afterglow emission spectra and long-lasting phosphorescence decay curve are used to characterize this phosphor. After irradiation by a 267-nm UV light for 5 min, the Sm{sup 3+}-doped Sr{sub 3}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} phosphor emits intense reddish-orange emitting afterglow from the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} to {sup 6}H{sub J} (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2) transitions, and its afterglow can be seen with the naked eye in the dark clearly for more than 1 h after removal of the excitation source. Photoluminescence spectra reveal that the reddish-orange light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence originate from the mixture of Sm{sup 3+} characteristic transitions. The afterglow decay curve of the Sm{sup 3+}-doped Sr{sub 3}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} phosphor contains a fast decay component and another slow decay one. The possible mechanism of this reddish-orange light-emitting LLP phosphor is also discussed based on the experiment results.

  10. Effect of charge compensator ions (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) on Sr2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ phosphors by solid-state reaction method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sahu, Ishwar Prasad

    2016-01-01

    The Sr 2 MgSi 2 O 7 :Dy 3+ and Sr 2 MgSi 2 O 7 :Dy 3+ , R + (R + = Li + , Na + and K + ) phosphors were prepared by solid-state reaction method. The crystal structures of sintered phosphors were an akermanite-type structure which belongs to the tetragonal crystallography. The prepared phosphors were excited at 350 nm, and their corresponding emission spectrum were recorded at blue (482 nm) and yellow (575 nm) region due to the 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 15/2 and 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 13/2 transitions, respectively, of Dy 3+ ions. Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage coordinates have been calculated for each sample and its value exhibited that overall emission is near white light. The possible mechanisms of discussed white light emitting phosphors were also investigated. In order to investigate the suitability of the samples as white color light sources for industrial uses, color purity, correlated color temperature (CCT) and color rendering index (CRI) were calculated. Values of color purity, CCT and CRI were found well within the defined acceptable range. With incorporating (R + = Li + , Na + and K + ) as charge compensator ions, the emission intensity of Sr 2 MgSi 2 O 7 :Dy 3+ can be obviously enhanced. The results indicate that prepared phosphors may be a potential application in display devices. (orig.)

  11. Effect of charge compensator ions (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) on Sr2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ phosphors by solid-state reaction method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, Ishwar Prasad

    2016-09-01

    The Sr2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ and Sr2MgSi2O7:Dy3+, R+ (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) phosphors were prepared by solid-state reaction method. The crystal structures of sintered phosphors were an akermanite-type structure which belongs to the tetragonal crystallography. The prepared phosphors were excited at 350 nm, and their corresponding emission spectrum were recorded at blue (482 nm) and yellow (575 nm) region due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transitions, respectively, of Dy3+ ions. Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage coordinates have been calculated for each sample and its value exhibited that overall emission is near white light. The possible mechanisms of discussed white light emitting phosphors were also investigated. In order to investigate the suitability of the samples as white color light sources for industrial uses, color purity, correlated color temperature (CCT) and color rendering index (CRI) were calculated. Values of color purity, CCT and CRI were found well within the defined acceptable range. With incorporating (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) as charge compensator ions, the emission intensity of Sr2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ can be obviously enhanced. The results indicate that prepared phosphors may be a potential application in display devices.

  12. A novel double perovskite tellurate Eu3+-doped Sr2MgTeO6 red-emitting phosphor with high thermal stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Jingyun; Zhao, Shancang; Yuan, Xuexia; Li, Zengmei

    2018-05-01

    A series of novel double perovskite tellurate red-emitting phosphors Sr2MgTeO6:xEu3+ (x = 0.05-0.40) were successfully synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The phase structure, photoluminescence properties and thermal stability of the phosphor were investigated in detail. The phosphor shows dominant emission peak at 614 nm belonging to the 5D0 → 7F2 electric dipole transition under 465 nm excitation. The luminescence intensity keeps increasing with increasing the content of Eu3+ to 25 mol%, and the critical transfer distance of Eu3+ was calculated to be 12 Å. The quenching temperature for Sr2MgTeO6:0.25Eu3+ was estimated to be above 500 K. This spectral feature reveals high color purity and excellent chromaticity coordinate characteristics. Therefore, Eu3+-doped Sr2MgTeO6 phosphors are potential red phosphors for blue chip-based white light-emitting diode and display devices.

  13. The Ca(PO3)2-Sr(PO3)2 system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bukhalova, G.A.; Tokman, I.A.

    1977-01-01

    Phase diagram of the system Ca(PO 3 ) 2 -Sr(PO 3 ) 2 has been studied and plotted with the aid of differential thermal, visual polythermal, X-ray analysis, and infrared spectroscopy. Continuous solid solutions are formed in the system with a minimum at 968 deg C and 25 mol.% of Sr(PO 3 ) 2 . Solid solutions decompose with the formation of about 30 mol.% of Sr(PO 3 ) 2

  14. Luminescent properties and energy transfer of CaO:Ce{sup 3+}, Mn{sup 2+} phosphors for white LED

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Qipeng, E-mail: dadi0314@163.com [Lunan Institute of Coal Chemical Industry, Jining 272000, Shandong (China); Yin, Huijun; Liu, Tao; Wang, CuiQing; Liu, Riqiang [Lunan Institute of Coal Chemical Industry, Jining 272000, Shandong (China); Lü, Wei [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilization, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022 (China); You, Hongpeng, E-mail: hpyou@ciac.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilization, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022 (China)

    2016-09-15

    We have synthesized yellow–orange CaO:Ce{sup 3+},Mn{sup 2+} phosphors by solid-state reaction. Photoluminescence properties and energy transfer mechanism from Ce{sup 3+} to Mn{sup 2+} ions have been investigated. The Ce{sup 3+} activated phosphors exhibit strong absorption in the range of 250–490 nm and a yellow emission centered at 554 nm. When Mn{sup 2+} ions were codoped, CaO:Ce{sup 3+},Mn{sup 2+} phosphors exhibit yellow emission band of Ce{sup 3+} as well as orange emission band centered at 600 nm of Mn{sup 2+}. We observed an efficient energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Mn{sup 2+} ions in CaO:Ce{sup 3+},Mn{sup 2+}, which was verified from the lifetime decay curves and was discussed by Dexter's energy transfer theory. The critical distance of the energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Mn{sup 2+} ions has also been calculated to be 12.3 Å by spectral overlap methods following Dexter's theory and by concentration quenching mechanism to be 15.2 Å. Moreover, by combining the synthesized phosphors and InGaN blue chip (460 nm), warm-white light has been created.

  15. Luminescent properties and energy transfer of CaO:Ce3+, Mn2+ phosphors for white LED

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, Qipeng; Yin, Huijun; Liu, Tao; Wang, CuiQing; Liu, Riqiang; Lü, Wei; You, Hongpeng

    2016-01-01

    We have synthesized yellow–orange CaO:Ce 3+ ,Mn 2+ phosphors by solid-state reaction. Photoluminescence properties and energy transfer mechanism from Ce 3+ to Mn 2+ ions have been investigated. The Ce 3+ activated phosphors exhibit strong absorption in the range of 250–490 nm and a yellow emission centered at 554 nm. When Mn 2+ ions were codoped, CaO:Ce 3+ ,Mn 2+ phosphors exhibit yellow emission band of Ce 3+ as well as orange emission band centered at 600 nm of Mn 2+ . We observed an efficient energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Mn 2+ ions in CaO:Ce 3+ ,Mn 2+ , which was verified from the lifetime decay curves and was discussed by Dexter's energy transfer theory. The critical distance of the energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Mn 2+ ions has also been calculated to be 12.3 Å by spectral overlap methods following Dexter's theory and by concentration quenching mechanism to be 15.2 Å. Moreover, by combining the synthesized phosphors and InGaN blue chip (460 nm), warm-white light has been created.

  16. Upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+ doped Sr5(PO4)3OH phosphor powders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokoena, P. P.; Swart, H. C.; Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.

    2018-04-01

    Sr5(PO4)3OH co-doped with Er3+and Yb3+ powder phosphors were synthesized by urea combustion method. The crystal structure was analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Particle morphology was analyzed using a Jeol JSM 7800F thermal field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and the chemical composition analysis was carried out using an Oxford Instruments AzTEC energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) attached to the FE-SEM. Upconversion emission was measured by using a FLS980 Spectrometer equipped with a 980 nm NIR laser as the excitation source, and a photomultiplier (PMT) detector. The XRD data of the Sr5(PO4)3OH powder exhibited characteristic diffraction patterns of the hexagonal structure referenced in the standard JCPDS card number 00-033-1348. The sharp peaks revealed the formation of crystalline Sr5(PO4)3OH. The powders were made up of hexagonal nanospheres. The enhanced red emission due to the 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 transitions of Er3+ was observed and was attributed to up conversion (UC) energy transfer from Yb3+. The upconversion energy transfer mechanism from Yb3+ to Er3+ is discussed.

  17. Position annihilation study on the (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-(O,F) superconductor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Xiaogang; Gao Xiaohui; Wang Ruidan; Hu Pingya

    1993-01-01

    In this note, we report the results of positron lifetime measurements in heat-treated (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-(O, F), and discuss the possible location of the doped fluorine in the (Bi, Pb)-system superconductors. (orig.)

  18. Rarotonga Sr/Ca and SST Reconstruction Data for 1726 to 1997

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A 271 year record of Sr/Ca variability in a coral from Rarotonga in the South Pacific gyre. Calibration with monthly sea surface temperature (SST) from satellite and...

  19. Luminescence properties and energy transfer investigations of Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Zaifa; Xu, Denghui, E-mail: xudh@btbu.edu.cn; Sun, Jiayue; Du, Jiangnan; Gao, Xuedong

    2016-09-15

    Highlights: • A phosphor Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} for UV-based white LEDs was firstly synthesized successfully. • The phase structure and photoluminescence properties of samples were studied in detail. • The energy transfer process from Ce{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} ions was illustrated in detail. • Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor has potential applications as an UV-convertible phosphor for white light emitting diodes. - Abstract: A series of Ce{sup 3+} or Tb{sup 3+} doped and Ce{sup 3+}/Tb{sup 3+} co-doped Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphors were prepared via the conventional high temperature solid-state reaction. The phase structure, photoluminescence and energy transfer properties of samples were studied in detail. The optimal proportion of Ce{sup 3+} single doping is 4 mol% with maximal fluorescence intensity. The Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor shows both a blue emission (428 nm) from Ce{sup 3+} and a yellowish-green emission (545 nm) from Tb{sup 3+} with considerable intensity under ultraviolet (UV) excitation (268 nm). The energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} ions takes place in the Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor on the basis of the analysis of the luminescence spectra. The energy transfer mechanism from Ce{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} ions was proved to be dipole–dipole interaction. The energy transfer behaviors in Sr{sub 3}Lu(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor is also investigated by the lifetime measurement. The results show that this phosphor has potential applications for UV white-light LEDs.

  20. Reddish orange long afterglow phosphor Ca2SnO4:Sm3+prepared by sol-gel method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ju Zhenghua; Zhang Shuihe; Gao Xiuping; Tang Xiaoliang; Liu Weisheng

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → A promising reddish orange emissive long afterglow phosphor Ca 2 SnO 4 :Sm 3+ prepared by sol-gel method was firstly reported. → The optics properties of Ca 2 SnO 4 :Sm 3+ were discussed. → Very useful tool, thermoluminscent technique was chosen to investigate the traps in the material. The results of thermoluminscent spectra indicating that the depth and number of traps are critical factors in determining their performance. → Furthermore, the phosphorescence mechanism was discussed successfully. → This work provides a potential approach to develop reddish orange light emitting long afterglow phosphor. - Abstract: A reddish orange light emissive long afterglow phosphor, Ca 2 SnO 4 :Sm 3+ was prepared by sol-gel method at lower temperature. The synthesized phosphors were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron micrograph images, photoluminescence spectra, afterglow decay curves and thermoluminescence spectra. Three emission peaks locate at 565 nm, 609 nm and 655 nm corresponding to CIE chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.53 and y = 0.47, which indicates the reddish orange light emitting. The fluorescent intensity and the afterglow characteristic depends on the concentration of Sm 3+ and the optimized concentration is 1.5 mol%. The afterglow decay curves are well fitted with triple-exponential decay models. The thermoluminescence glow curves show that the Sm 3+ induces suitable trap depth and result in the long afterglow phenomenon, and the corresponding increase or decrease in afterglow is associated with trap concentration, nearly no change in trap depth. The 1.5 mol% Sm 3+ -doped Ca 2 SnO 4 sample has the biggest trap concentration and exhibit the best afterglow characteristic, its' afterglow time is about 1 h. The phosphorescence mechanism of this long afterglow phosphor was discussed.

  1. Effects of Sr2+ substitution on photoluminescence characteristics of Ba1−x−ySryZrSi3O9:xEu2+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chiang, Chung-Hao; Gong, Syuan-Jhih; Lin, Han-Yu; Zhan, Ting-Shi; Chu, Sheng-Yuan

    2014-01-01

    In this work, single-phase Ba 1−x−y Sr y ZrSi 3 O 9 :xEu 2+ phosphors were synthesized via the solid-state reaction method. The crystal structure and luminescence properties were investigated using X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence measurements, respectively. An increase of the dopant Sr 2+ increased the emission intensity of the phosphors. The peak intensity of the samples was at y = 0.4 under near-ultraviolet light excitation (397 nm). The wavelength of the emission peaks red-shifts slightly from 477 to 483 nm due to the splitting of the 5d energy level. Sr 2+ ions have a smaller ionic radius than that of Ba 2+ ions, and thus the dopant changes the crystal structure, improving the energy transfer efficiency between luminescence centers. More Eu 2+ solid solubility was found in Ba 0.6−x Sr 0.4 ZrSi 3 O 9 :xEu 2+ phosphors (10 mol. %) than in the host BaZrSi 3 O 9 (6 mol. %), which enhanced the emission intensity. In addition, the thermal reliability of the phosphors was studied

  2. A novel UV-emitting phosphor: NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Pb{sup 2+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pekgözlü, İlhan, E-mail: pekgozluilhan@yahoo.com

    2016-01-15

    Pb{sup 2+} doped NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} materials were prepared by a solution combustion synthesis method. The phase analysis of all synthesized materials was carried out using the powder XRD. The synthesized materials were investigated using spectrofluorometer at room temperature. The excitation and emission bands of NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Pb{sup 2+} were observed at 291 and 368 nm, respectively. The dependence of the emission intensity on the Pb{sup 2+} concentration for the NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} was studied in detail. It was observed that the concentration quenching of Pb{sup 2+} in NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} is 0.01 mol. The Stokes shifts of NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Pb{sup 2+} phosphor were calculated to be 7190 cm{sup −1}. - Highlights: • A novel UV-emitting phosphor, NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Pb{sup 2+}, was prepared by combustion method. • The excitation and emission bands of NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Pb{sup 2+} were observed at 291 and 368 nm, respectively. • It was observed that the concentration quenching of Pb{sup 2+} in NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} is 0.01 mol.

  3. Structure dependent luminescence characterization of green-yellow emitting Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors for near UV LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, J.K. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Hannah, M.E.; Piquette, A. [Central Research, OSRAM SYLVANIA, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); Hirata, G.A. [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnolgia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada Apdo, Ensenada, MX CP 22860 (Mexico); Talbot, J.B. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Mishra, K.C. [Central Research, OSRAM SYLVANIA, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); McKittrick, J., E-mail: jmckittrick@ucsd.edu [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

    2012-01-15

    This paper reports on the luminescence properties of mixtures of {alpha}- and {beta}-(Sr{sub 0.97}Eu{sub 0.03}){sub 2}SiO{sub 4} phosphors. These phosphors were prepared by 3 different synthesis techniques: a modified sol-gel/Pechini method, a co-precipitation method and a combustion method. The structural and optical properties of these phosphors were compared to those of solid state synthesized powders. The emission spectra consist of a weak broad blue band centered near 460 nm and a strong broad green-yellow band centered between 543 and 573 nm depending on the crystal structure. The green-yellow emission peak blue-shifts as the amount of {beta} phase increases and the photoluminescence emission intensity and quantum efficiency of the mixed phase powders is greater than those of predominant {alpha}-phase powders when excited between 370 and 410 nm. Thus, (Sr{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}){sub 2}SiO{sub 4} with larger proportion of the {beta} phase are more promising candidates than single {alpha}-phase powders for use as a green-yellow emitting phosphor for near UV LED applications. Finally the phosphors prepared by the sol-gel/Pechini method, which have larger amount of {beta} phase, have a higher emission intensity and quantum efficiency than those prepared by co-precipitation or combustion synthesis. - Highlights: > Mixtures of {alpha}- and {beta}-Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were prepared by 3 different synthesis methods. > Emission peak blue-shifts as the amount of {beta} phase increases. > Emission intensity and QE of the {alpha}+{beta} powders are greater than those of single {alpha} phase. > Phosphors prepared by sol-gel/Pechini have the highest emission intensity and QE.

  4. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of microcrystalline Sr{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Dy, Sm and Pr) phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dabre, K.V. [Department of Physics, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Koradi, Nagpur 441111 (India); Park, K. [Faculty of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747 (Korea, Republic of); Dhoble, S.J., E-mail: sjdhoble@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033 (India)

    2014-12-25

    Graphical abstract: CIE chromaticity coordinate diagram (1931) indicating different colors of Sr{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu (a), Dy (b and c), Sm (d–f) and Pr (g and h)) phosphor under different excitation 466 nm (a), 312 nm (b), 454 nm (c), 313 nm (d), 408 nm (e), 482 nm (f), 315 nm (g) and 450 nm (h). - Highlights: • Microcrystalline Sr{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Dy, Sm and Pr) phosphors were synthesized by solid state method. • Photoluminescence properties of phosphor were investigated. • Color of the phosphor for different excitation has been verified by chromaticity diagram. • The host absorption and energy transfer were investigated. - Abstract: The novel microcrystalline Sr{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Dy, Sm and Pr) phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reaction method at 1250 °C and their photoluminescence properties were investigated. The Eu{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+} activated phosphors show intense red (616 nm) and yellow (574 nm) emission respectively; which indicate that the rare earth ions are substituted at non-centrosymmetric site in the host lattice. Near white (Dy{sup 3+}) and reddish-orange (Sm{sup 3+}) emissions of rare earth ions in the host lattice show strong host absorption and energy transfer from the host to activator ion. Pr{sup 3+} activated phosphor shows a series of emission peaks in the visible region with the most intense peak in the blue region at 491 and 499 nm.

  5. Color-tunable and highly thermal stable Sr{sub 2}MgAl{sub 22}O{sub 36}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Haiming; Zhang, Haoran; Liu, Yingliang [Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Optical Agricultural, College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China); Lei, Bingfu, E-mail: tleibf@scau.edu.cn [Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Optical Agricultural, College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China); Deng, Jiankun [Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Optical Agricultural, College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China); Liu, Wei-Ren [Department of Chemical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan (China); Zeng, Yuan; Zheng, Lingling; Zhao, Minyi [Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Optical Agricultural, College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China)

    2017-06-01

    Tb{sup 3+} activated Sr{sub 2}MgAl{sub 22}O{sub 36} phosphor was prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy were used to characterize the as-prepared samples. The Sr{sub 2}MgAl{sub 22}O{sub 36}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphors show intense green light emission under UV excitation. The phosphor exhibit two groups of emission lines from about 370 to 700 nm, which originating from the characteristic {sup 5}D{sub 3}-{sup 7}F{sub J} and {sup 5}D{sub 4}-{sup 7}F{sub J} transitions of the Tb{sup 3+} ion, respectively. The cross-relaxation mechanism between the {sup 5}D{sub 3} and {sup 5}D{sub 4} emission was investigated and discussed. The emission colors of these phosphors can be tuned from bluish-green to green by adjusting the Tb{sup 3+} doping concentration. Furthermore, the thermal quenching temperature (T{sub 1/2}) is higher than 500 K. The excellent thermal stability and color-tunable luminescent properties suggest that the developed material is a promising green-emitting phosphor candidate for optical devices. - Highlights: • A Color-tunable emitting phosphor Sr{sub 2}MgAl{sub 22}O{sub 36}:Tb{sup 3+} was prepared successfully via high-temperature solid-state reaction. • The photoluminescence of Sr{sub 2}MgAl{sub 22}O{sub 36}:Tb{sup 3+} shows highly thermal stable. • The cross-relaxation mechanism between the {sup 5}D{sub 3} and {sup 5}D{sub 4} emission was investigated and discussed.

  6. Color-tunable and highly thermal stable Sr_2MgAl_2_2O_3_6:Tb"3"+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Haiming; Zhang, Haoran; Liu, Yingliang; Lei, Bingfu; Deng, Jiankun; Liu, Wei-Ren; Zeng, Yuan; Zheng, Lingling; Zhao, Minyi

    2017-01-01

    Tb"3"+ activated Sr_2MgAl_2_2O_3_6 phosphor was prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy were used to characterize the as-prepared samples. The Sr_2MgAl_2_2O_3_6:Tb"3"+ phosphors show intense green light emission under UV excitation. The phosphor exhibit two groups of emission lines from about 370 to 700 nm, which originating from the characteristic "5D_3-"7F_J and "5D_4-"7F_J transitions of the Tb"3"+ ion, respectively. The cross-relaxation mechanism between the "5D_3 and "5D_4 emission was investigated and discussed. The emission colors of these phosphors can be tuned from bluish-green to green by adjusting the Tb"3"+ doping concentration. Furthermore, the thermal quenching temperature (T_1_/_2) is higher than 500 K. The excellent thermal stability and color-tunable luminescent properties suggest that the developed material is a promising green-emitting phosphor candidate for optical devices. - Highlights: • A Color-tunable emitting phosphor Sr_2MgAl_2_2O_3_6:Tb"3"+ was prepared successfully via high-temperature solid-state reaction. • The photoluminescence of Sr_2MgAl_2_2O_3_6:Tb"3"+ shows highly thermal stable. • The cross-relaxation mechanism between the "5D_3 and "5D_4 emission was investigated and discussed.

  7. Cathodoluminescence and Raman characteristics of CaSO{sub 4}:Tm{sup 3+}, Cu phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ekdal, E. [Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 35100 Bornova, İzmir (Turkey); Guinea, J. Garcia [MuseoNacional Ciencias Naturales, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Kelemen, A. [Centre for Energy Research, Radiation Safety Laboratory, P.O. Box 49, H-1121 Budapest (Hungary); Ayvacikli, M. [Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Muradiye, Manisa (Turkey); Canimoglu, A. [Nigde University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Nigde (Turkey); Jorge, A. [MuseoNacional Ciencias Naturales, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Karali, T. [Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 35100 Bornova, İzmir (Turkey); Can, N., E-mail: cannurdogan@yahoomail.com [Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Muradiye, Manisa (Turkey); Physics Department, Jazan University, P.O. Box 114, 45142 Jazan (Saudi Arabia)

    2015-05-15

    The physical characterization and phosphor emission spectra are presented for CaSO{sub 4} doped with Tm and Cu. All spectral wavelengths are related to electronic transitions of Tm{sup 3+} ions. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern showed that the compound exhibits orthorhombic structure and all reflections were indexed without any other secondary impurity phases. Chemical and structural properties of the samples have been characterized by means of Raman spectroscopy and environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) with an attached X-ray energy dispersive system (EDS). Group frequencies concept is essential point to the interpretation of the bands due to the main SO{sub 4} vibrational units and these displayed main characteristic intensive Raman bands including typical strong intensity at 1016 cm{sup −1} that corresponds to ν{sub 1}SO{sub 4} vibrational mode. From the spatially-resolved cathodoluminescence (CL) spectrum, main emission bands of Tm{sup 3+} centered at 346, 362, and 452 nm, due to the respective transitions of {sup 3}P{sub 0}→{sup 3}H{sub 4}, {sup 1}D{sub 2}→{sup 3}H{sub 6}, {sup 1}D{sub 2}→{sup 3}F{sub 4} were clearly identified. The study is novel as no such CL-ESEM data are available for this doped compound. - Highlights: • Characteristic and cathodoluminescence properties of CaSO{sub 4}:Tm{sup 3+}, Cu have been investigated. • Several sharp and strong CL emission bands due to rare earth ion were observed for rare earth doped sample. • The nature and limitation of the interaction between CaSO{sub 4} and the activator ions were discussed.

  8. Co-operative energy transfer in Yb3+-Er3+ co-doped SrGdxOy upconverting phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ashwini; Pathak, Trilok K.; Dhoble, S. J.; . Terblans, J. J.; Swart, H. C.

    2018-04-01

    Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have shown considerable interest in many fields; however, low upconversion efficiency of UCNPs is still the most severe limitation of their applications. Yb3+ and Er3+ co-doped SrGd4O7/Gd2O3(SGO) upconversion (UC) phosphors were synthesized by a modified co-precipitation process. The UC properties were investigated by direct excitation with a 980 nm laser. It was observed that the as prepared materials showed relatively strong green emission, while upon the incorporation of the Er3+ ion, there was an increase in the upconversion luminescence intensity for the red component. The effect of different doping concentration of Er3+on the emission spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns of the UC materials have also been studied. The luminescence lifetimes and Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage coordinates for these as prepared samples were determined to understand the energy transfer (ET) mechanisms occurring between Yb3+ and Er3+ in the SGO host matrix. The UC luminescence intensity as a function of laser pump power was monitored and it was confirmed that the UC process in SGO:Yb3+/Er3+is a two-photon absorption process. The findings reported here are expected to provide a better approach for understanding of the ET mechanisms in the oxide based Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped UC phosphors. This study might be helpful in precisely defined applications where optical transitions are essential criterion and this can be easily achieved by smart tuning of the emission properties of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped UC phosphors.

  9. Constraints on Ca/Sr as a Proxy for Calcium in Forest Ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, C. J.; Hobbie, E. A.; Hallett, R.; Colpaert, J.; Bryce, J. G.

    2004-05-01

    Calcium is a key plant nutrient and important base cation in ecosystems. Our current efforts to quantify Ca cycling in ecosystems rely on indirect proxies, e.g., Ca/Sr or Sr isotopic systems (1). An important assumption in these applications is that the elemental ratio of calcium to strontium faithfully represents calcium cycling and that little fractionation occurs through biogeochemical and physiological processes. However, several researchers have reported variations in Ca/Sr, e.g. among different tree tissues (2) and during weathering processes (3), raising doubts about the suitability of the proxy. To address the question of reliability, we measured Ca/Sr values in a culture study in which Scots pines were grown at low or high nutrient supply rates (3% per day or 5% per day). Because mycorrhizal fungi are intimately involved in plant nutrient supply, plants were also grown either uncolonized or colonized with one of two different species of mycorrhizal fungi (Suillus luteus and Thelephora terrestris). Our preliminary results indicate that Ca/Sr values differ between high and low nutrient treatments, root and foliage, and mycorrhizal treatments. In individual seedlings, roots have lower Ca/Sr than foliage by absolute factors of 2-5. The magnitude of the effect is apparently determined by a combination of environmental factors including both the nutrient and mycorrhizal treatments. These results indicate that Ca and Sr are partitioned differently between nutrient and mycorrhizal treatments and between plant fractions despite the common nutrient broth and substrate. Thus, Ca/Sr values alone are not reliable tracers of Ca within an ecosystem because of partitioning of Ca and Sr during nutrient transport within the plant-mycorrhizal system. We are presently refining analytical techniques and conducting leachate experiments to improve the quantification of this Ca/Sr fractionation. We are also exploring the use of isotopic tracers to study calcium biogeochemical

  10. Preparation of thin layers of BiSrCaCuO by method MOCVD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beran, P.; Stejskal, J.; Strejc, A.; Nevriva, M.; Sedmibudsky, D.; Leitner, J.

    1999-01-01

    Preparation of superconducting material on the basis mixed oxides of BiSrCaCuO by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) method is described. Surface morphology and concentration profiles of elements were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and microprobe. Phase of layers was analysed by X-ray diffraction (radiation of Cu kα ). Samples of thin layers were characterized by magnetic susceptibility in temperature interval 10 to 150 K. Obtained results confirm formation of superconducting phases Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 1 Cu 2 O x and Bi 2 Sr 2 Xa 2 Cu 3 O x

  11. Synthesis of Fluorite (CaF2 Crystal from Gypsum Waste of Phosphoric Acid Factory in Silica Gel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Misbah Khunur

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper report the synthesis and characterization of fluorite single crystal prepared from gypsum waste of phosphoric acid production in silica gel. Instead of its high calcium, gypsum was used to recycle the waste which was massively produces in the phosphoric acid production. The gypsum waste, the raw material of CaCl2 supernatant, was dissolved in concentrated HCl and then precipitated as calcium oxalate (CaC2O4 by addition of ammonium oxalate. The CaCl2 was obtained by dissolving the CaC2O4 with HCl 3M. The crystals were grown at room temperature in silica gel and characterized by AAS, FTIR and powder XRD. The optimum crystal growth condition, which is pH of gel, CaCl2 concentration and growth time, were investigated. The result shows that at optimum condition of pH 5.80, CaCl2 concentrations of 1.2 M, and growth time of 144 hours, colorless crystals with the longest size of 3 mm, were obtained (72.57%. Characterization of the synthesized crystal by AAS indicates that the obtained crystal has high purity. Meanwhile, analysis by FTIR spectra shows a Ca–F peak at 775 cm-1, and powder-XRD analysis confirms that the obtained crystal was fluorite (CaF2. © 2012 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reservedReceived: 11st April 2012; Revised: 4th June 2012; Accepted: 13rd June 2012[How to Cite: M.M. Khunur, A. Risdianto, S. Mutrofin, Y.P. Prananto. (2012. Synthesis of Fluorite (CaF2 Crystal from Gypsum Waste of Phosphoric Acid Factory in Silica Gel. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7 (1: 71-77.  doi:10.9767/bcrec.7.1.3171.71-77 ][How to Link / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.7.1.3171.71-77 ] | View in 

  12. 44/40Ca and 87Sr/86Sr isotopes as tracers of silicate weathering in small catchments of the Massif Central, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Négrel, Philippe; Guerrot, Catherine; Millot, Romain; Petelet-Giraud, Emmanuelle; Bullen, Thomas

    2013-04-01

    We present calcium stable isotope and strontium radiogenic isotope data for soils and sediments developed on volcanic and igneous rocks forming small catchments in the Massif Central (France). Measurements of 44/40Ca isotope ratios (44/40Ca measured by the double spike method on TIMS and normalized to the value for seawater Ca in delta units) in rocks, sediments and soils from silicate catchments (e.g. granite and basalts) together with 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios permit an examination of the relationships of these isotope systematics during weathering of silicate rocks. We have analysed the granite, weathered granite (arene) and saprolite, sediment and soil overlying the granite on one hand and the basanite, sediment and soil overlying the basanite on the other. The main bedrock in the volcanic zone (e.g. Allanche catchment) is 11 to 2.5 Ma basanite (nephelinitic to leucitic basalts) having SiO2 between 41-45 wt. %, Na2O + K2O bank have 87Sr/86Sr ratios greater than that of the arene with values increasing in the sediment from the surface down to soil. The 87Sr/86Sr vs. Rb/Sr variation observed in the volcanic area likewise confirms the weathering of low 87Sr/86Sr, low Rb/Sr phases in the bedrock, and there is a linear increase in 87Sr/86Sr and Rb/Sr ratios from those in the sediment up to the values observed in the soils. In the volcanic area, the basanite bedrock has 44/40Ca = -0.94 ± 0.05‰ (n = 7), while the soils and sediments have 44/40Ca of -0.75 to -1.13‰ and -0.79 to -1.01‰, respectively. These results suggest that Ca isotopes are not strongly fractionated during weathering of the basalt. The granite whole-rock has 44/40Ca of -1.29‰, while the soil and sediments have 44/40Ca of -1.93 to -2.07‰ and -1.98 to -2.81‰, respectively, with values decreasing as the Ca content decreases. The 44/40Ca ratios of arene, soil and sediment are similar to or less than that of K- feldspar, reflecting complete loss of the relatively heavy Ca from plagioclase and

  13. Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR): pharmacological properties and signaling pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conigrave, Arthur D; Ward, Donald T

    2013-06-01

    In this article we consider the mechanisms by which the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) induces its cellular responses via the control (activation or inhibition) of signaling pathways. We consider key features of CaSR-mediated signaling including its control of the heterotrimeric G-proteins Gq/11, Gi/o and G12/13 and the downstream consequences recognizing that very few CaSR-mediated cell phenomena have been fully described. We also consider the manner in which the CaSR contributes to the formation of specific signaling scaffolds via peptide recognition sequences in its intracellular C-terminal along with the origins of its high level of cooperativity, particularly for Ca(2+)o, and its remarkable resistance to desensitization. We also consider the nature of the mechanisms by which the CaSR controls oscillatory and sustained Ca(2+)i mobilizing responses and inhibits or elevates cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels dependent on the cellular and signaling context. Finally, we consider the diversity of the receptor's ligands, ligand binding sites and broader compartment-dependent physiological roles leading to the identification of pronounced ligand-biased signaling for agonists including Sr(2+) and modulators including l-amino acids and the clinically effective calcimimetic cinacalcet. We note the implications of these findings for the development of new designer drugs that might target the CaSR in pathophysiological contexts beyond those established for the treatment of disorders of calcium metabolism. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Phosphorescent and thermoluminescent properties of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors prepared by solid state reaction method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mothudi, B.M.; Ntwaeaborwa, O.M.; Kumar, A.; Sohn, K.; Swart, H.C.

    2012-01-01

    Long persistent SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ phosphors co-doped with Dy 3+ were prepared by the solid state reaction method. The main diffraction peaks of the monoclinic structure of SrAl 2 O 4 were observed in all the samples. The broad band emission spectra at 497 nm for SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ were observed and the emission is attributed to the 4f 6 5d 1 to 4f 7 transition of Eu 2+ ions. The samples annealed at 1100–1200 °C showed similar broad TL glow curves centered at 120 °C. The similar TL glow curves suggest that the traps responsible for them are similar. The long afterglow displayed by the phosphors annealed at different temperatures, may be attributed to the Dy 3+ ions acting as the hole trap levels, which play an important role in prolonging the duration of luminescence.

  15. Red-emitting SrIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} : Eu{sup 3+} phosphor powders for applications in solid state white lamps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez-Garcia, C E [Physics of Materials Graduate Program, CICESE-UNAM, Km 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada, Ensenada, B. C., 22860 (Mexico); Perea-Lopez, N; Hirata, G A [Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology-UNAM, Km 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada, Ensenada, B. C., 22860 (Mexico); Baars, S P den [Solid State Lighting and Energy Center, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)], E-mail: ghirata@engineering.ucsb.edu

    2008-05-07

    Red-emitting phosphor powders of SrIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} activated with Eu{sup 3+} ions were fabricated by high pressure assisted combustion synthesis. X-ray diffraction analysis of these oxide phosphors revealed the formation of single-phase orthorhombic SrIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} for concentrations up to 4 at% Eu. A detailed photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence study showed bright red emission originated within the {sup 5} D{sub 0} {yields} {sup 7}F{sub J} intra-shell transitions of Eu{sup 3+}. Furthermore, PL excitation spectroscopy revealed that an efficient energy transfer from the SrIn{sub 2}O{sub 4} host lattice onto the Eu ions is accomplished in addition to the excitation band peaked at 396 nm that directly excites the Eu ions, making this material an excellent candidate for applications in solid state white lamps. (fast track communication)

  16. Luminescent processes in SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors exposed to ultraviolet radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arellano T, O.; Castaneda, B.; Pedroza M, M.; Melendrez, R.; Chernov, V.; Barboza F, M.; Yen, W.M.

    2006-01-01

    The long persistent response of the SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors has been utilized in the development of new luminescent devices with low voltage requirements, incorporated in luminous paints and emergency light illumination. We have studied the experimental characteristics of thermoluminescence (TL) and afterglow (AG) processes in UV irradiated long persistent phosphors SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ . The TL signal is achieved by thermal stimulation of material and it involves the release of trapped charge carriers in the form of electrons and/or electrons and holes generated by irradiation exposure of the dosimetric materials, while the AG signal is obtained at RT without thermal stimulation. In both cases, the intensity of the response is proportional to the radiation dose. For our UV irradiated SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ samples, the TL glow curve depicted at least five peaks around 318, 424, 457, 488 and 515 K with activation energy values of 0.28, 0.67, 1.00, 1.35 and 1.62 eV, respectively. In this respect, the initial rise method was used to estimate experimentally the peak positions. Then, these experimental data were used as initial values to determine the kinetics parameters through a computer deconvolution and fitting process. Besides, the AG response was analyzed and we found it has at least three exponential processes with different lifetimes around 56, 180 and 1230 s, respectively. In addition, the afterglow dosimetry performance of this SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphor exhibited a linear behavior for the first fifty seconds of ultraviolet irradiation. For higher ultraviolet time exposure the behavior is sub linear with no apparent saturation during ten minutes. The afterglow dosimetry response was performed with a source of 400 nm that corresponds to the main band component of the afterglow excitation spectrum in the 250-500 nm range. The TL glow intensity peaked at 460 K and AG intensity responses are strongly dependents on the excitation

  17. Reaction products between Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide thick films and alumina substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alarco, J.A.; Ilushechkin, A.; Yamashita, T.; Bhargava, A.; Barry, J.; Mackinnon, I.D.R.

    1997-01-01

    The structure and composition of reaction products between Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide (BSCCO) thick films and alumina substrates have been characterized using a combination of electron diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX). Sr and Ca are found to be the most reactive cations with alumina. Sr 4 Al 6 O 12 SO 4 is formed between the alumina substrates and BSCCO thick films prepared from paste with composition close to Bi-2212 (and Bi-2212+10 wt.% Ag). For paste with composition close to Bi(Pb)-2223 +20 wt.% Ag, a new phase with f.c.c. structure, lattice parameter about a=24.5 A and approximate composition Al 3 Sr 2 CaBi 2 CuO x has been identified in the interface region. Understanding and control of these reactions is essential for growth of high quality BSCCO thick films on alumina. (orig.)

  18. A Preliminary study of Sr/Ca thermometry in Chang Islands, Gulf of Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wararat Sirianansakul

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Variations in ratios of strontium-to-calcium (Sr/Ca for two Porites sp. coral specimens collected from Wai (PW and Loa Ya (PLY islands, part of Chang islands, Gulf of Thailand, were determined. Inductively coupled plasma optimal emission spectrometry (ICP-OES was used to analyze this ratio, which demonstrates annual cycles and the data is assumed to reflect the sea surface temperature (SST. Comparing the ratios with SST data, following Sr/Ca–SST relationships were determined PW: Sr/Ca (mmol/mol = 11.56–0.070×SST, PLY: Sr/Ca (mmol/mol = 11.89–0.081×SST. Our correlations are different from those previously reported; a discrepancy that may involve differences in analytical methods employed and abnormally low sea surface salinity (SSS (<30 psu in the Gulf of Thailand.

  19. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6} phosphors for phosphor converted LED

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dabre, K.V. [Department of Physics, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Koradi, Nagpur-441111, Maharashtra (India); Dhoble, S.J., E-mail: sjdhoble@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur-440033, Maharashtra (India)

    2014-06-01

    In this work, we report on the synthesis and photoluminescence (PL) properties of rare earth (Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+}) doped double perovskite tungstate Ca{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6} phosphor. The phosphors were synthesized by two step modified solid state method. Phase purity and formation of phosphor were confirmed by XRD technique. PL spectra of Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} doped phosphor show intense emission peaks in red region at 615, 604 and 650 nm respectively, upon the visible excitation of 466 nm (Eu{sup 3+}), 410 nm (Sm{sup 3+}) and 491 nm (Pr{sup 3+}). The CIE coordinates of the phosphors are in the yellow (Sm{sup 3+} doped sample) and orange (Eu{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} doped sample) regions near the edge of color space which confirms their applicability in LEDs. -- Highlights: •Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} doped and undoped samples of Ca{sub 2}ZnWO{sub 6} phosphor synthesized by Solid state method. •The phosphors have intense excitation in violet and blue region of visible spectrum. •Phosphors show intense emission peaks in red region. •CIE coordinates of phosphors are lie in yellow (Sm{sup 3+} doped phosphor) and orange (Eu{sup 3+} and Pr{sup 3+} doped phosphor) region near to edge of color space.

  20. High-pressure densified solid solutions of alkaline earth hexaborides (Ca/Sr, Ca/Ba, Sr/Ba) and their high-temperature thermoelectric properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gürsoy, M.; Takeda, M.; Albert, B.

    2015-01-01

    Solid solutions of alkaline earth hexaborides were synthesized and densified by spark plasma sintering at 100 MPa. The high-temperature thermoelectric properties (Seebeck coefficients, electrical and thermal diffusivities, heat capacities) were measured between room temperature and 1073 K. CaB 6 , SrB 6 , BaB 6 and the ternary hexaborides Ca x Sr 1−x B 6 , Ca x Ba 1−x B 6 , Sr x Ba 1−x B 6 (x = 0.25, 0.5, 0.75) are n-type conducting compounds over the whole compositional and thermal ranges. The values of the figure of merit ZT for CaB 6 (ca. 0.3 at 1073 K) were found to be significantly increased compared to earlier investigations which is attributed to the densification process. - Highlights: • Solid solutions of alkaline earth hexaborides were synthesized. • High-temperature thermoelectric properties of mixed calcium borides are excellent. • Spark plasma source densification results in high ZT values. • Borides are rare-earth free and refractory materials

  1. Tectonic forcing of early to middle jurassic seawater Sr/Ca

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ullmann, Clemens Vinzenz; Hesselbo, Stephen P.; Korte, Christoph

    2013-01-01

    The Jurassic Period (ca. 201–145 Ma) is marked by fundamental reorganizations of paleogeography, paleoceanography, ecosystems, and the progressive shift from aragonite to calcite as the favored marine biogenic carbonate polymorph. Sr/Ca ratios of well-preserved Jurassic oysters and belemnites from...

  2. Synthesis, structure, and luminescence properties of SrSiAl2O3N2:Eu(2+) phosphors for light-emitting devices and field emission displays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xicheng; Zhao, Zhengyan; Wu, Quansheng; Li, Yanyan; Wang, Chuang; Mao, Aijun; Wang, Yuhua

    2015-06-28

    A series of SrSiAl2O3N2:Eu(2+) (0.005 ≤x≤ 0.05) phosphors were successfully synthesized through a pressureless, facile, and efficient solid state route. The crystal structure, band structure, and their photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties were investigated in detail. The phosphors exhibit rod shape morphology with a uniform Eu(2+) distribution. Under n-UV excitation the emission spectra shift from 477 to 497 nm with an increase of Eu(2+) concentration. The concentration quenching mechanism of Eu(2+) emission was dominated by the dipole-dipole interaction. The thermal stability is comparable to that of the commercial Ba2SiO4:Eu(2+) phosphor. The phosphor also exhibits high current saturation and high resistance under low voltage electron bombardment. All the results indicate that the SrSiAl2O3N2:Eu(2+) phosphors can be considered as candidates for application in both white LEDs and FEDs.

  3. Luminescent properties of Mg3Ca3(PO4)4: Eu2+ blue-emitting phosphor for white light emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Yinqun; Deng Degang; Wang Qian; Li Gaofeng; Hua Youjie; Jia Guohua; Huang Lihui; Zhao Shilong; Wang Huanping; Li Chenxia; Xu Shiqing

    2012-01-01

    A blue-emitting phosphor, Eu 2+ -activated Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 phosphor was synthesized by conventional solid-state reaction. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the phase formation. Photoluminescence (PL) results showed that Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ could be efficiently excited by UV–visible light from 250 to 430 nm, which matched well with the emission wavelengths of near-UV and UV LED chips. The effects of the doped-Eu 2+ concentration in Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ on the PL were also investigated. The result reveals that Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ is a potential blue-emitting phosphor for white LEDs. - Graphical Abstract: The excitation spectra show a broad peak from 250 to 430 nm, which means Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ phosphor can be suitable for application in white LEDs excited by the near-UV and UV LEDs. The emission spectrum peaked at 456 nm with the full-width half-maximum (FWHM) of 102 nm is attributed to the 4f 6 5d 1 –4f 7 transition of the Eu 2+ ion. The asymmetric emission spectra show that Eu 2+ has more one emission center in Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 , which can be deconvoluted into at least four Gaussian components peaked at 423, 446, 483 and 510 nm. Highlights: ► Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ phosphor could be effectively excited by UV chips (360–430 nm). ► Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ phosphor is a potential blue-emitting phosphor for white LEDs. ► Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 : Eu 2+ phosphor shows a broadband emission.

  4. Electrical behavior of Ca, Sr, Ba, and Eu at very high pressures and low temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bundy, F.P.; Dunn, K.J.

    1981-01-01

    Compression of Ca and Sr initially causes an increase in resistivity, probably because of uncrossing of conduction and valence bands. Then at about 180 kbar for Ca and about 35 kbar for Sr the resistivity drops quite abruptly, following which the resistivity again increases with additional pressure, similar to the behavior of Ba starting at room pressure. The high pressure forms of Ba have already been reported to be superconducting, and the experiments confirm this. Superconductivity appears in Sr at about 350 kbar and develops strongly at higher pressures. In the 440 kbar experiment on Ca a resistance drop started at the lower threshold of the temperature capability, 2.1K, suggesting that Ca, too, becomes superconducting at sufficiently high pressures. The high pressure form of Eu above 125 kbar was tested for superconductivity down to 2.2K with negative results. (Auth.)

  5. Is otolith microchemistry (Sr: Ca and Ba:Ca ratios) useful to identify Mugil curema populations in the southeastern Caribbean Sea?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avigliano, E; Callicó-Fortunato, R; Buitrago, J; Volpedo, A V

    2015-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential use of otolith microchemistry (Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios) to identify silver mullet, Mugil curema, populations in Southeastern Caribbean Sea. Fish samples were collected in 7 areas of Nueva Esparta State (Venezuela). The otolith Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios and water Sr:Ca were determined (by ICP-OES and EDTA volumetric method). Otoliths Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios and Sr:Ca partition coefficient of mullets in Cubagua island (south of the State) were significantly different from ratios in La Guardia (north of the State). A discriminant analysis of otolith Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios separated Cubagua Island from La Guardia values. These results suggest the existence of different mullet groups in the Southeastern Caribbean Sea. For this, the simultaneous use of Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios could be a potential tool to identify populations in the study area.

  6. Is otolith microchemistry (Sr: Ca and Ba:Ca ratios useful to identify Mugil curema populations in the southeastern Caribbean Sea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Avigliano

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential use of otolith microchemistry (Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios to identify silver mullet, Mugil curema, populations in Southeastern Caribbean Sea. Fish samples were collected in 7 areas of Nueva Esparta State (Venezuela. The otolith Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios and water Sr:Ca were determined (by ICP-OES and EDTA volumetric method. Otoliths Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios and Sr:Ca partition coefficient of mullets in Cubagua island (south of the State were significantly different from ratios in La Guardia (north of the State. A discriminant analysis of otolith Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios separated Cubagua Island from La Guardia values. These results suggest the existence of different mullet groups in the Southeastern Caribbean Sea. For this, the simultaneous use of Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca ratios could be a potential tool to identify populations in the study area.

  7. Synthesis and luminescent properties of novel red-emitting M7Sn(PO46:Eu3+ (M = Sr, Ba phosphors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Feng

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Novel Eu3+-activated M7Sn(PO46 (where M = Sr, Ba red-emitting phosphors were synthesized via conventional solid-state reaction method at 1200 °C for 2 h. The luminescence properties of the prepared samples and quenching concentration of Sr7-xSn(PO46:xEu3+ and Ba7-xSn(PO46:xEu3+ were investigated. These phosphors can be efficiently excited by UV (395 nm and visible blue (465 nm light nicely matching the output wavelengths of the near-UV LEDs and InGaN blue LED chips and emit the red light. The critical concentrations of the Eu3+ activator were found to be 0.175 mol and 0.21 mol per formula unit for Sr7-xSn(PO46:xEu3+ and Ba7-xSn(PO46:xEu3+, respectively. The M7-xSn(PO46:xEu3+ (M = Sr, Ba phosphor may be a good candidate for light-emitting diodes application.

  8. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Pb{sup 2+} doped inorganic borate phosphor NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chauhan, A. O., E-mail: abhi2718@gmail.com; Koparkar, K. A.; Omanwar, S. K. [Department of Physics, SantGadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati MH, 444602 (India); Bajaj, N. S. [Department of Physics, Toshniwal Art, Commerce and Science College, Sengoan, Hingoli MH (India)

    2016-05-06

    A series of Inorganic borate phosphors NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} doped with Pb{sup 2+} was successfully synthesized by modified solid state diffusion method. The crystal structure and the phase purity of sample were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The photoluminescence properties of synthesized materials were investigated using spectrofluorometer at room temperature. The phosphor show strong broad band emission spectra in UVA region maximum at 370 nm under the excitation of 289 nm. The dependence of the emission intensity on the Pb{sup 2+} concentration for the NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} were studied in details. The concentration quenching of Pb{sup 2+} doped NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} was observed at 0.02 mol. The Stokes shifts of NaSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Pb{sup 2+} phosphor was calculated to be 7574 cm{sup −1}.

  9. Energy transfer and color tunable emission in Tb3+,Eu3+ co-doped Sr3LaNa(PO4)3F phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shuo; Guo, Ning; Liang, Qimeng; Ding, Yu; Zhou, Huitao; Ouyang, Ruizhuo; Lü, Wei

    2018-02-05

    A group of color tunable Sr 3 LaNa(PO 4 ) 3 F:Tb 3+ ,Eu 3+ phosphors were prepared by conventional high temperature solid state method. The phase structures, luminescence properties, fluorescence lifetimes and energy transfer were investigated in detail. Under 369nm excitation, owing to efficient energy transfer of Tb 3+ →Eu 3+ , the emission spectra both have green emission of Tb 3+ and red emission of Eu 3+ . An efficient energy transfer occur in Tb 3+ , Eu 3+ co-doped Sr 3 LaNa(PO 4 ) 3 F phosphors. The most possible mechanism of energy transfer is dipole-dipole interaction by Dexter's theoretical model. The energy transfer of Tb 3+ and Eu 3+ was confirmed by the variations of emission and excitation spectra and Tb 3+ /Eu 3+ decay lifetimes in Sr 3 LaNa(PO 4 ) 3 F:Tb 3+ ,Eu 3+ . The color tone can tuned from yellowish-green through yellow and eventually to reddish-orange with fixed Tb 3+ content by changing Eu 3+ concentrations. The results show that the prepared Tb 3+ , Eu 3+ co-doped color tunable Sr 3 LaNa(PO 4 ) 3 F phosphor can be used for white LED. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Energy transfer and color tunable emission in Tb3 +,Eu3 + co-doped Sr3LaNa(PO4)3F phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shuo; Guo, Ning; Liang, Qimeng; Ding, Yu; Zhou, Huitao; Ouyang, Ruizhuo; Lü, Wei

    2018-02-01

    A group of color tunable Sr3LaNa(PO4)3F:Tb3 +,Eu3 + phosphors were prepared by conventional high temperature solid state method. The phase structures, luminescence properties, fluorescence lifetimes and energy transfer were investigated in detail. Under 369 nm excitation, owing to efficient energy transfer of Tb3 + → Eu3 +, the emission spectra both have green emission of Tb3 + and red emission of Eu3 +. An efficient energy transfer occur in Tb3 +, Eu3 + co-doped Sr3LaNa(PO4)3F phosphors. The most possible mechanism of energy transfer is dipole-dipole interaction by Dexter's theoretical model. The energy transfer of Tb3 + and Eu3 + was confirmed by the variations of emission and excitation spectra and Tb3 +/Eu3 + decay lifetimes in Sr3LaNa(PO4)3F:Tb3 +,Eu3 +. The color tone can tuned from yellowish-green through yellow and eventually to reddish-orange with fixed Tb3 + content by changing Eu3 + concentrations. The results show that the prepared Tb3 +, Eu3 + co-doped color tunable Sr3LaNa(PO4)3F phosphor can be used for white LED.

  11. Sr/Ca-Sea surface temperature calibration in the branching Caribbean coral Acropora palmata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallup, Christina D.; Olson, Donna M.; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Gruhn, Leah M.; Winter, Amos; Taylor, Frederick W.

    2006-02-01

    We measured Sr/Ca ratios by thermal ionization mass spectrometry in radial and axial growth of modern Caribbean Acropora palmata corals. Comparison of our results with sea surface temperature (SST) allows radial and axial Sr/Ca-SST calibrations of Sr/Ca (mmol/mol) = 11.30 - 0.07072 × SST (°C) and Sr/Ca (mmol/mol) = 11.32 - 0.06281 x SST (°C), respectively. Application of the calibrations to fossil Acropora palmata from the last glacial maximum in Barbados (Guilderson et al., 1994) imply ~7°C cooler conditions than the present, much larger than the 1-1.5° cooling suggested by modern analog technique foraminifera-based estimates (Trend-Staid and Prell, 2002). If the foraminifera-based estimates are correct, then the excess cooling suggested by the Barbados corals could be explained by a 5% shift in the marine Sr/Ca ratio or an addition of ~20% abiotic secondary aragonite.

  12. Structural analysis of xSrO–(50 − x)CaO–50P_2O_5 glasses with x = 0, 5, or 10 mol% for potential use in a local delivery system for osteomyelitis treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Comeau, P.A.; Filiaggi, M.J.

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of ions into a local delivery matrix is one method of managing degradation and subsequent release of the incorporated therapeutic agents. Of interest in this study was whether we could modify the structural nature of calcium polyphosphate (CPP) glass and the subsequent therapeutic potential of this local delivery matrix with inclusion of strontium (Sr). We found that adding 10 mol% Sr significantly increased the density and chain length of the glass. There was no significant impact of Sr doping on the subsequent loading of vancomycin into the matrix, or the matrix porosity. The noted differences in structural stability, ion release, and vancomycin release between the un-doped CPP matrices and 10 mol% Sr-doped CPP matrices in vitro are likely a result of a decrease in glass disorder upon Sr addition to the glass and preferential retention of Sr over Ca during matrix degradation. This study has provided further evidence that Sr incorporation may serve to both manipulate antibiotic release from the amorphous CPP matrix and provide a potential source of therapeutic ions for enhanced bone regeneration. - Highlights: • A strontium-doped CPP glass was fabricated with a novel calcine-melt protocol. • The density and chain length of CPP glass increased upon 10 mol% Sr addition to CPP. • The phosphorous ion released in vitro was not dependent on 10 mol% Sr addition. • Doping CPP with 10 mol% Sr improved matrix short-term structural stability in vitro.

  13. Wet chemical synthesis and luminescence in Ca5(PO4)3M:Eu2+ (M = Br, I) phosphors for solid state lighting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mungmode, C. D.; Gahane, D. H.; Moharil, S. V.

    2018-05-01

    A simple wet chemical synthesis of Eu2+ activated Ca5(PO4)3Br and Ca5(PO4)3I phosphors and their photoluminescence is reported. Formation of Ca5(PO4)3Br is confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Synthesized phosphors are analyzed for photoluminescence (PL) spectrum. A bright blue emission is observed when phosphors are excited by near Ultra Violet (nUV) radiations. Photoluminescence emission spectrum for (Ca0.985Eu0.015)5(PO4)3Br is centered at 457 nm and for (Ca0.985Eu0.015)5(PO4)3 I it peaks at 455 nm when excited by 365 nm near UV radiation. Eu2+ luminescence in Ca5(PO4)3Br is reported for the first time. The phosphors can be efficiently excited by nUV radiations. This shows that phosphors may be used as blue phosphor in pcLED for Solid State Lighting.

  14. Sequential separation of cs, ca and ba for 90sr assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dianu, M.; Bucur, C.

    2015-01-01

    A two-steps chemical treatment technique for strontium assessment from aqueous samples is described in this paper. The method was applied to simulated samples containing stable elements of Ni, Cs, Ca, Ba, Mn, Fe, Co and Eu. The transition elements (Ni, Mn, Fe, Co, Eu) were precipitated as hydroxides, followed by alkaline-earth metals separation (Ca, Ba) as carbonates. Finally, the Sr was purified by extraction chromatography using Triskem International Sr resin. The strength of Sr sorption in nitric acid increases with increasing acid concentration, and the optimal bonding strength is achieved in 8 M HNO3. The combination of successive precipitations with extraction chromatography for complete removal of other interferences from Sr matrix leads to good recovery and decontamination factor values. (authors)

  15. Measurement of Ca, Zn and Sr in enamel of human teeth by XRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wielopolski, L.; Featherstone, J.D.B.; Cohn, S.H.

    1984-01-01

    Energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) has been employed to measure Ca, Zn, and Sr in enamel of human teeth. The calibration of the EDXRF system was performed by comparing Sr/Ca ratios with values obtained by atomic absorption analysis of acid etched biopsies of the enamel surface. Two calibration lines were obtained, one line for untreated teeth and the second line for teeth immersed (treated) in solutions containing Sr. A simple analytical model demonstrated that the two calibration lines were the result of the difference in the depth of the enamel sampled by EDXRF and by the acid-etched biopsy. The multi-elemental, non-destructive and quantitative aspects of EDXRF permit the sequential monitoring of the effects of Sr and Zn ions on the mineralization and demineralization processes in human enamel. The portability of the system and adaptability to non-invasive measurements makes it suitable for field studies. 26 references, 4 figures.

  16. Measurement of Ca, Zn and Sr in enamel of human teeth by XRF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wielopolski, L.; Featherstone, J.D.B.; Cohn, S.H.

    1984-01-01

    Energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) has been employed to measure Ca, Zn, and Sr in enamel of human teeth. The calibration of the EDXRF system was performed by comparing Sr/Ca ratios with values obtained by atomic absorption analysis of acid etched biopsies of the enamel surface. Two calibration lines were obtained, one line for untreated teeth and the second line for teeth immersed (treated) in solutions containing Sr. A simple analytical model demonstrated that the two calibration lines were the result of the difference in the depth of the enamel sampled by EDXRF and by the acid-etched biopsy. The multi-elemental, non-destructive and quantitative aspects of EDXRF permit the sequential monitoring of the effects of Sr and Zn ions on the mineralization and demineralization processes in human enamel. The portability of the system and adaptability to non-invasive measurements makes it suitable for field studies. 26 references, 4 figures

  17. Measurement of Ca, Zn, and Sr in enamel of human teeth by XRF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wielopolski, L.; Featherstone, J.D.b.; Cohn, S.H.

    1984-01-01

    Energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) has been employed to measure Ca, Zn, and Sr in enamel of human teeth. The calibration of the EDXRF system was performed by comparing Sr/Ca ratios with values obtained by atomic absorption analysis of acid etched biopsies of the enamel surface. Two calibration lines were obtained, one line for untreated teeth and the second line for teeth immersed (treated) in solutions containing Sr. A simple analytical model demonstrated that the two calibration lines were the result of the difference in the depth of the enamel sampled by EDXRF and by the acid-etched biopsy. The multi-elemental, non-destructive and quantitative aspects of EDXRF permit the sequential monitoring of the effects of Sr and Zn ions on the mineralization and demineralization processes in human enamel. The portability of the system and adaptability to non-invasive measurements makes it suitable for field studies. 26 references, 4 figures

  18. Comparison of the photoluminescence properties of Eu2+, Mn2+ co-doped M5(PO4)3Cl (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Fengli; An, Wei; Wei, Heng-Wei; Chen, Guantong; Zhuang, Weidong; Jing, Xi-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Good size match between the doped and host cations narrows the emission band. • Low phonon energy of the hosts enhances the luminescence intensity. • “Inverse bottleneck effect” related to Eu/Mn lifetime mismatch causes quenching. • “Charge transfer process” in the Eu–Mn clusters causes quenching. -- Abstract: Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ singly doped or co-doped M 5 (PO 4 ) 3 Cl (M = Ca, Sr and Ba) phosphors were synthesized by conventional solid state reactions and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, PL decay curves, energy dispersive spectra (EDS) and Raman spectra. The results show that a better size match between the doped cation and the host cation allows a wider solid solution range (e.g. Ca 2+ /Mn 2+ ) and a narrower emission band (e.g. Sr 2+ /Eu 2+ and Ca 2+ /Mn 2+ ). A lower phonon energy of the host (e.g. the Sr phase) reduces the non-radiation probability and enhances the PL efficiency. The PL performance of the Ba phase is exceptional possibly because of the large size difference between the doped cations and the host cations. The transfer efficiency (η) and the emission quantum efficiency (Q) were analyzed. In the studied phosphors, superficially Eu 2+ efficiently transferred its absorbed energy to Mn 2+ but the Q of the Mn 2+ emission was not as high as expected. Two loss mechanisms are proposed: an “inverse bottleneck effect” and “charge transfer” between Eu 2+ and Mn 2+

  19. Superconducting Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O thin films from metallo-organic complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gruber, H.; Krautz, E.; Fritzer, H.P.; Popitsch, A.

    1991-01-01

    Thin films in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system are produced by decomposition of organic precursor compounds containing different metallo-organic complexes. The superconducting phase identified is Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+x on (100)-MgO single crystal substrates, polycrystalline Au- and Ag-ribbons and Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10+x on Ag-ribbons. For the 2212-phase a zero resistance temperature of 79 K is found. The 2223-samples on Ag-ribbons show a broad transition at 110 K with a zero resistance at 85 K. SEM and EDX are used for the detection of the microstructure and composition of the prepared films. (orig.)

  20. Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O superconducting films fabricated using metal alkoxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katayama, S.; Sekine, M.

    1991-01-01

    Superconducting films in the Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O systems were made using metal alkoxides. To prepare a dip-coating solution using a mixed alkoxide solution, insoluble Cu and Bi alkoxides were dissolved by modification with 2-dimethylaminoethanol and formation of a double alkoxide, respectively. Formation of the double alkoxides of Bi with Ca or Sr was confirmed using FT-IR and 1 H-NMR. Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O films on yttria-stabilized ZrO 2 and single crystal MgO(100) substrates were made using this solution. The films were closely oriented along the c-axis perpendicular to the substrate. The film on MgO(100) fired at 850 degree C for 48 h showed two resistance drops around 115 and 85 K, corresponding to the high-T c and low-T c phases, respectively, and zero resistance at 72 K

  1. Optical anisotropy of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J. H.; Bozovic, I.; Mitzi, D. B.; Kapitulnik, A.; Harris, J. S., Jr.

    1990-04-01

    The optical anisotropy of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 in the 0.08-0.5-eV region is investigated by polarized reflectance measurements on single crystals. A very large anisotropy is found in this spectral region. The in-plane reflectance exhibits metallic behavior, while the c-axis reflectance exhibits insulatorlike behavior. This result is consistent with the large anisotropy found in the resistivity of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8. Our spectroscopic data suggest that Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 is a quasi-two-dimensional metal similar to La2-xSrxCuO4.

  2. Bi4Sr3Ca3Cu4O16 galss and superconducting glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng, H.; Mackenzie, J.D.

    1988-01-01

    Bi 4 Sr 3 Ca 3 Cu 4 O 16 glass has been successfully fabricated by the melting process. Glass transition temperature, crystallization temperature, and liquid temperature of the glass are 434, 478, and 833 0 C, respectively. After the glass is heat treated at 800 0 C, a glass ceramic is formed. A comparison of the x-ray-diffraction pattern of the superconducting Bi 4 Sr 3 Ca 3 Cu 4 O/sub 16+//sub x/ ceramic to the Bi 4 Sr 3 Ca 3 Cu 4 O 16 glass ceramic revealed preferred orientation in the glass ceramic crystals. The superconducting transition temperatures T/sub c//sub (onset)/ and T/sub c//sub (zero)/ of the glass ceramics are 100 and 45 K, respectively

  3. K-Ca and Rb-Sr Dating of Lunar Granite 14321 Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Justin I.; Shih, C.-Y.; Nyquist, L. E.

    2011-01-01

    K-Ca and Rb-Sr age determinations were made for a bulk feldspar-rich portion of an Apollo rock fragment of the pristine lunar granite clast (14321,1062), an acid-leached split of the sample, and the leachate. K-Ca and Rb-Sr data were also obtained for a whole rock sample of Apollo ferroan anorthosite (FAN, 15415). The recent detection [1] of widespread intermediate composition plagioclase indicates that the generation of a diversity of evolved lunar magmas maybe more common and therefore more important to our understanding of crust formation than previously believed. Our new data strengthen the K-Ca and Rb-Sr internal isochrons of the well-studied Apollo sample 14321 [2], which along with a renewed effort to study evolved lunar magmas will provide an improved understanding of the petrogenetic history of evolved rocks on the Moon.

  4. The superconductor (Tl,Hg,Ca)2(Ba,Sr)2(Ca,Sr,Tl)Cu2O7.6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valldor, M.; Bryntse, I.; Morawski, A.

    2002-01-01

    In the title 2212-type superconductor (thallium mercury calcium barium strontium copper oxide), which contains both Tl and Hg in the charge reservoir (CR), Sr is located at both alkali-earth (AE) metal sites. Ca enters the CR at the same time as Tl shares the smaller AE site, which increases the apical Cu-Cu distance significantly. The structure causes the superconducting Cu-O layers to become significantly puckered. (orig.)

  5. Luminescence properties of Eu{sup 2+} doped SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} phosphor for radiation dosimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palan, C.B., E-mail: chetanpalan27@yahoo.in; Bajaj, N.S.; Omanwar, S.K.

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • Report TL/OSL properties of SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} under beta irradiations. • OSL Sensitivity was about 33% than that of commercially available α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3.} • TL glow peaks was appear at 305° C and TL sensitivity about 200 times higher than TLD-500. • OSL decay pattern was faster than α- Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C and dose response was linear nature. - Abstract: In this report, we presented the TL/OSL properties of Eu doped SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} phosphor under β-irradiation. This phosphor was synthesized by using solid state method. The phosphor shows OSL sensitivity about 33% than that of commercially available α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}: C phosphor. CW-OSL curve possess two components having photoionization cross-sections 0.707 × 10{sup −17} and 18.58 × 10{sup −17} cm{sup 2} respectively and TL sensitivity about 200 times higher than TLD-500. The kinetic parameters such as activation energy, frequency factor and order of kinetics of TL curve were calculated by using peak shape method. In TL/OSL mode dose-response was almost linear in the range of measurements. The MDD was found to be 1.26 mGy with 3σ of background. Also reusability studies showed the phosphor can be reused for 10 cycles with 1% change in the OSL output. The PL spectra of SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} showed emission in NUV region when excited with 318 nm under UV source.

  6. Enhance luminescence by introducing alkali metal ions (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) in SrAl2O4:Eu3+ phosphor by solid-state reaction method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad Sahu, Ishwar

    2016-05-01

    In the present article, the role of charge compensator ions (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) in europium-doped strontium aluminate (SrAl2O4:Eu3+) phosphors was synthesized by the high-temperature, solid-state reaction method. The crystal structures of sintered phosphors were in a monoclinic phase with space group P21. The trap parameters which are mainly activation energy (E), frequency factor (s) and order of the kinetics (b) were evaluated by using the peak shape method. The calculated trap depths are in the range from 0.76 to 0.84 eV. Photoluminescence measurements showed that the phosphor exhibited emission peak with good intensity at 595 nm, corresponding to 5D0-7F1 (514 nm) orange emission and weak 5D0-7F2 (614 nm) red emission. The excitation spectra monitored at 595 nm show a broad band from 220 to 320 nm ascribed to O-Eu charge-transfer state transition and the other peaks in the range of 350-500 nm originated from f-f transitions of Eu3+ ions. The strongest band at 394 nm can be assigned to 7F0-5L6 transition of Eu3+ ions due to the typical f-f transitions within Eu3+ of 4f6 configuration. The latter lies in near ultraviolet (350-500 nm) emission of UV LED. CIE color chromaticity diagram and thermoluminescence spectra confirm that the synthesized phosphors would emit an orange-red color. Incorporating R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+ as the compensator charge, the emission intensity of SrAl2O4:Eu3+ phosphor can be obviously enhanced and the emission intensity of SrAl2O4:Eu3+ doping Li+ is higher than that of Na+ or K+ ions.

  7. Color tunable emission through energy transfer from Yb3+ co-doped SrSnO3: Ho3+ perovskite nano-phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Neha; Singh, Rajan Kr.; Sinha, Shriya; Singh, R. A.; Singh, Jai

    2018-04-01

    First time color tunable lighting observed from Ho3+ and Yb3+ co-doped SrSnO3 perovskite. Down-conversion and up-conversion (UC) photoluminescence emission spectra were recorded to understand the whole mechanism of energy migration between Ho3+ and Yb3+ ions. The intensity of green and red emission varies with Yb3+ doping which causes multicolour emissions from nano-phosphor. The intensity of UC red emission (654 nm) obtained from 1 at.% Ho3+ and 3 at.% Yb3+ co-doped nano-phosphor is nine times higher than from 1 at.% Ho3+ doped SrSnO3 nano-phosphor. Enhanced brightness of 654 nm in UC process belongs in biological transparency window so that it might be a promising phosphor in the bio-medical field. Moreover, for the other Yb3+ co-doped nano-phosphor, Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage chromaticity co-ordinates were found near the white region and their CCT values lie in the range 4900-5100 K indicating cool white. Decay time was measured for 545 nm emission of Ho3+ ion found in 7.652 and 8.734 µs at 355 nm excitation. The variation in lifetime was observed in ascending order with increasing Yb3+ concentration which supports PL emission spectra observation that with increasing Yb3+ concentration, rate of transition has changed. These studies reveal that Ho3+ and Yb3+ co-doped phosphor is useful for fabrication of white LEDs.

  8. Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable SrMgAl10O17:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphors for UV LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ju Guifang; Hu Yihua; Chen Li; Wang Xiaojuan

    2012-01-01

    Aluminate phosphors SrMgAl 10 O 17 codoped with Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ ions were prepared by solid-state reaction. The phase structure and photoluminescence properties of the as-prepared phosphors were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra. Upon excitation of UV light, two broad emission bands centered at 470 and 515 nm were observed, and they were assigned to Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ emissions, respectively. The emission color of the phosphors can be tuned from blue to cyan and finally to green by adjusting the concentration ratios of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ . Effective energy transfer occurs from Eu 2+ to Mn 2+ in the host due to the spectral overlap between the emission band of Eu 2+ and the excitation bands of Mn 2+ . The energy transfer mechanism was demonstrated to be electric dipole–quadrupole interaction. The energy transfer efficiency and critical distance were also calculated. The phosphors exhibit strong absorption in near UV spectral region and therefore they are potentially useful as UV-convertible phosphors for white LEDs. - Highlights: ► The strong absorption of phosphors matches well with the emission band of UV LED. ► The energy transfer from Eu 2+ to Mn 2+ in SrMgAl 10 O 17 was investigated in detail. ► The emission color can be tuned by adjusting the content of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ . ► Two methods were employed to calculate the critical distance of energy transfer.

  9. Synthesis and luminescent properties of CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors with core-shell structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Min; Kang, Ming; Chen, Kexu; Mou, Yongren; Sun, Rong

    2018-03-01

    Integrating the processes of preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+ and its surface-coating, core-shell structured CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors with red emission were synthesized by the carbonation method and surface precipitation procedure using sodium silicate as silica source. The phase structure, thermal stability, morphology and luminescent property of the as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrum, thermal analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope and photoluminescence spectra. The experimental results show that Eu3+ ions as the luminescence center are divided into two types: one is at the surface of the CaCO3 and the other inhabits the site of Ca2+. For CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors, the SiO2 layers are continuously coated on the surface of CaCO3:Eu3+ and show a typical core-shell structure. After coated with SiO2 layer, the luminous intensity and the compatibility with the rubber matrix increase greatly. Additionally, the luminous intensity increases with the increasing of Eu3+ ions concentration in CaCO3 core and concentration quenching occurs when Eu3+ ions concentration exceeds 7.0 mol%, while it is 5.0 mol% for CaCO3:Eu3+ phosphors. Therefore, preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors can not only simplify the experimental process through integrating the preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+ and SiO2 layer, but also effectively increase the luminous intensities of CaCO3:Eu3+ phosphors. The as-obtained phosphors may have potential applications in the fields of optical materials and functional polymer composite materials, such as plastics and rubbers.

  10. Tunable emission and the systematic study on energy-transfer properties of Ce3+- and Tb3+-co-doped Sr3(PO4)2 phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, Zhijun

    2015-01-01

    An emitting color tunable phosphor Sr 3 (PO 4 ) 2 :Ce 3+ , Tb 3+ was synthesized by the traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The photoluminescence and energy-transfer (ET) properties of Ce 3+ - and Tb 3+ -doped Sr 3 (PO 4 ) 2 host were studied in detail. The obtained phosphors show both a blue emission from Ce 3+ and a yellowish green emission from Tb 3+ with considerable intensity under ultraviolet (UV) excitation (∝311 nm). When the content of Ce 3+ was fixed at 0.03, the emission chromaticity coordinates could be adjusted from blue to green region by tuning the contents of Tb 3+ ions with the aid of ET process. The critical distance between Ce 3+ and Tb 3+ is 14.69 A. The ET mechanism from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ ions was identified with dipole-dipole interaction. The obtained phosphor exhibits a strong excitation in UV spectral region and high-efficient ET from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ ions. It may find applications as a green light-emitting UV-convertible phosphor in white LED devices. (orig.)

  11. Enhancing the Photocatalytic Activity of Sr4 Al14 O25 : Eu2+ , Dy3+ Persistent Phosphors by Codoping with Bi3+ Ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Carlos R; Oliva, Jorge; Romero, Maria Teresa; Diaz-Torres, Luis A

    2016-03-01

    The photocatalytic activity of Bismuth-codoped Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ persistent phosphors is studied by monitoring the degradation of the blue methylene dye UV light irradiation. Powder phosphors are obtained by a combustion synthesis method and a postannealing process in reductive atmosphere. The XRD patterns show a single orthorhombic phase Sr 4 Al 14 O 25 : Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ , Bi 3+ phosphors even at high Bismuth dopant concentrations of 12 mol%, suggesting that Bi ions are well incorporated into the host lattice. SEM micrographs show irregular micrograins with sizes in the range of 0.5-20 μm. The samples present an intense greenish-blue fluorescence and persistent emissions at 495 nm, attributed to the 5d-4f allowed transitions of Eu 2+ . The fluorescence decreases as Bi concentration increases; that suggest bismuth-induced traps formation that in turn quench the luminescence. The photocatalytic evaluation of the powders was studied under both 365 nm UV and solar irradiations. Sample with 12 mol% of Bi presented the best MB degradation activity; 310 min of solar irradiation allow 100% MB degradation, whereas only 62.49% MB degradation is achieved under UV irradiation. Our results suggest that codoping the persistent phosphors with Bi 3+ can be an alternative to enhance their photocatalytic activity. © 2016 The American Society of Photobiology.

  12. Vacancy induced metallicity at the CaHfO3/SrTiO3 interface

    KAUST Repository

    Nazir, Safdar; Pulikkotil, J. J.; Schwingenschlö gl, Udo; Singh, Nirpendra

    2011-01-01

    Density functional theory is used to study the electronic properties of the oxide heterointerfaceCaHfO3/SrTiO3. Structural relaxation is carried out with and without O vacancies. As compared to related interfaces, strongly reduced octahedral distortions are found. Stoichiometric interfaces between the wide band gap insulatorsCaHfO3 and SrTiO3 turn out to exhibit an insulating state. However, interface metallicity is introduced by O vacancies, in agreement with experiment. The reduced octahedral distortions and necessity of O deficiency indicate a less complicated mechanism for the creation of the interfacial electron gas.

  13. Vacancy induced metallicity at the CaHfO3/SrTiO3 interface

    KAUST Repository

    Nazir, Safdar

    2011-03-31

    Density functional theory is used to study the electronic properties of the oxide heterointerfaceCaHfO3/SrTiO3. Structural relaxation is carried out with and without O vacancies. As compared to related interfaces, strongly reduced octahedral distortions are found. Stoichiometric interfaces between the wide band gap insulatorsCaHfO3 and SrTiO3 turn out to exhibit an insulating state. However, interface metallicity is introduced by O vacancies, in agreement with experiment. The reduced octahedral distortions and necessity of O deficiency indicate a less complicated mechanism for the creation of the interfacial electron gas.

  14. Electron tunneling and the energy gap in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Mark; Mitzi, D. B.; Kapitulnik, A.; Beasley, M. R.

    1989-01-01

    Results of electron tunneling on single crystals of the Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox superconductor are reported. The junctions show a gap structure with Δ~=25 meV, whose temperature dependence exhibits a qualitatively Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-like behavior with a gap-closing Tc~=81-85 K. Comparisons of these tunneling spectra to those obtained on YBa2Cu3O7-x are made. Evidence that 2Δ/kTc~7 for both Ba2Sr2CaCu2Ox and YBa2Cu3O7-x is also discussed.

  15. Ferromagnetic Instability in AFe4Sb12 (A = Ca, Sr, and Ba)

    OpenAIRE

    Matsuoka, E.; Hayashi, K.; Ikeda, A.; Tanaka, K.; Takabatake, T.; Higemoto, W.; Matsumura, M.

    2004-01-01

    Magnetic, transport and thermal properties of AFe4Sb12 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) are reported. All three compounds show a maximum in both the magnetic susceptibility and thermopower at 50 K, and a large electronic specific heat coefficient of 100 mJ/mol K2. These properties are the characteristics of a nearly ferromagnetic metal. Furthermore, a remanent moment of the order of 10-3muB/Fe was observed below 54, 48, and 40 K for A = Ca, Sr, and Ba, respectively. The volume fraction of the ferromagnetic c...

  16. Luminescent properties of complexly substituted oxides Ме2Ln8 (XO46O2 (Me=Sr, Ca; Ln=La, Gd, Eu; X= Si, P

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Vasin

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the current work it is established that the maximum intensity of a luminescence of crystalline phosphors with structure silicate-apatite of general formulae: Ca2Eu8Si6(1-xP6xO26, Sr2Gd7.2Eu0.8Si6(1-xP6xO26 and Ca2La8(1-xEu8xSi6O26 is reached at concentration of europium equal 0,15. The maximum intensity of a luminescence of these substances, at replacement in an anion sublattice of tetrahedrons [SiO4]4- on tetrahedrons [PO4]3- takes place at concentration of phosphorus 0,05.

  17. Electron beam induced green luminescence and degradation study of CaS:Ce nanocrystalline phosphors for FED applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, Vinay, E-mail: vinaykdhiman@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300 (South Africa); Mishra, Varun [Department of Physics, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara 144 402, Punjab (India); Biggs, M.M.; Nagpure, I.M.; Ntwaeaborwa, O.M.; Terblans, J.J. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300 (South Africa); Swart, H.C., E-mail: swarthc.sci@ufs.ac.za [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300 (South Africa)

    2010-01-01

    Green luminescence and degradation of Ce{sup 3+} doped CaS nanocrystalline phosphors were studied with a 2 keV, 10 {mu}A electron beam in an O{sub 2} environment. The nanophosphors were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning electron microscopy/electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Cubic CaS with an average particle size of 42 {+-} 2 nm was obtained. PL emission was observed at 507 nm and a shoulder at 560 nm with an excitation wavelength of 460 nm. Auger electron spectroscopy and Cathodoluminescence (CL) were used to monitor the changes in the surface composition of the CaS:Ce{sup 3+} nanocrystalline phosphors during electron bombardment in an O{sub 2} environment. The effect of different oxygen pressures ranging from 1 x 10{sup -8} to 1 x 10{sup -6} Torr on the CL intensity was also investigated. A CaSO{sub 4} layer was observed on the surface after the electron beam degradation. The CL intensity was found to decrease up to 30% of its original intensity at 1 x 10{sup -6} Torr oxygen pressure after an electron dose of 50 C/cm{sup 2}. The formation of oxygen defects during electron bombardment may also be responsible for the decrease in CL intensity.

  18. Electron beam induced green luminescence and degradation study of CaS:Ce nanocrystalline phosphors for FED applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumar, Vinay; Mishra, Varun; Biggs, M.M.; Nagpure, I.M.; Ntwaeaborwa, O.M.; Terblans, J.J.; Swart, H.C.

    2010-01-01

    Green luminescence and degradation of Ce 3+ doped CaS nanocrystalline phosphors were studied with a 2 keV, 10 μA electron beam in an O 2 environment. The nanophosphors were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning electron microscopy/electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Cubic CaS with an average particle size of 42 ± 2 nm was obtained. PL emission was observed at 507 nm and a shoulder at 560 nm with an excitation wavelength of 460 nm. Auger electron spectroscopy and Cathodoluminescence (CL) were used to monitor the changes in the surface composition of the CaS:Ce 3+ nanocrystalline phosphors during electron bombardment in an O 2 environment. The effect of different oxygen pressures ranging from 1 x 10 -8 to 1 x 10 -6 Torr on the CL intensity was also investigated. A CaSO 4 layer was observed on the surface after the electron beam degradation. The CL intensity was found to decrease up to 30% of its original intensity at 1 x 10 -6 Torr oxygen pressure after an electron dose of 50 C/cm 2 . The formation of oxygen defects during electron bombardment may also be responsible for the decrease in CL intensity.

  19. Fracto- mechanoluminescence and thermoluminescence properties of orange-red emitting Eu3+ doped Ca2Al2SiO7 phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tiwari, Geetanjali; Brahme, Nameeta; Sharma, Ravi; Bisen, D.P.; Sao, Sanjay K.; Khare, Ayush

    2017-01-01

    The suitability of nano-structured Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 3+ phosphors for thermoluminescence and mechanoluminescence dosimeter were investigated. Europium doped di-calcium di-aluminum silicate phosphor was synthesised by the combustion assisted method and annealed at 1100 °C for 4 h in reducing and oxidizing environments. The prepared Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 3+ phosphor was characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX), photoluminescence (PL) and decay characteristics. The phase structure of sintered phosphor has akermanite type which belongs to the tetragonal crystallography; this structure is a member of the melilite group and forms a layered compound. The chemical composition of the sintered Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 3+ phosphor was confirmed by EDX spectra. Mechanoluminescence (ML) and thermoluminescence (TL) studies revealed that the ML and TL intensity increases with activator concentration. Optimum ML was observed for the sample having 2 mol% of Eu ions. The TL intensity of Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 3+ was recorded for different exposure times of γ -irradiation and it was observed that TL intensity is maximum for γ dose of 1770 Gy. The PL spectra indicated that Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 3+ could be excited effectively by near ultraviolet (NUV) light and exhibited bright orange-red emission with excellent colour stability. CIE colour coordinates of the prepared Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Eu 3+ phosphor was found suitable as orange-red light emitting phosphor with a CIE value of (x=0.6142, y=0.3849) and correlated colour temperature (CCT) is 1250 K. Therefore, it is considered to be a new promising orange-red emitting phosphor for white light emitting diode (LED) application.

  20. Synthesis and luminescence enhancement of CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} yellow phosphor by codoping Al{sup 3+}/B{sup 3+} ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cao, Renping, E-mail: jxcrp@163.com; Fu, Ting; Xu, Haidong; Luo, Wenjie; Peng, Dedong; Chen, Zhiquan; Fu, Jingwei

    2016-07-25

    CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} and CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}/B{sup 3+} phosphors are synthesized by solid-state reaction method in air. With excitation 272 and 320 nm, broad PL band peaking at 555 nm with full width at half maximum ∼200 nm is observed in the range of 400–800 nm due to the {sup 3}P{sub 1,0} → {sup 1}S{sub 0} transitions of Bi{sup 3+} ion. PLE spectrum monitored at 555 nm contains two PLE band peaking at ∼272 and 320 nm within the range 230–420 nm owing to metal-to-metal charge-transfer and {sup 1}S{sub 0} → {sup 3}P{sub 1} transition of Bi{sup 3+} ion, respectively. The optimal Bi{sup 3+} doping concentration in CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} phosphor is about 0.5 mol%. Luminescence properties of CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} phosphor may be improved obviously by co-doping Al{sup 3+}/B{sup 3+} ions, and its emission intensity can be enhanced 13–15 times after Al{sup 3+} ion is co-doped. Luminous mechanism of CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} phosphor is analyzed by energy level diagram of Bi{sup 3+} ion. Decay curve and time-resolved spectra confirm that only a single type of Bi{sup 3+} luminescence center exists in CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} phosphor. - Graphical abstract: PL spectra of CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} and CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}/B{sup 3+} phosphors and the corresponding pictures under 365 nm UV lamp. - Highlights: • CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} and CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}/B{sup 3+} phosphors are synthesized by solid-state reaction in air. • Broadband emission with FWHM ∼200 nm is observed within the range 400–800 nm. • Luminescence properties of CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} phosphor can be improved by codoping Al{sup 3+}/B{sup 3+} ions. • PL intensity of CaTiO{sub 3}:Bi{sup 3+} phosphor can be enhanced 13–15 times after Al{sup 3+} ion is codoped.

  1. Combustion synthesis of CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors in a closed system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peng Wenfang; Zou Shaoyu; Liu Guanxi; Xiao Quanlan; Zhang Rui; Xie Lijuan; Cao Liwei [Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Meng Jianxin, E-mail: tmjx@jnu.edu.cn [Institute of Nano-Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Liu Yingliang [Institute of Nano-Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China)

    2011-06-09

    Highlights: > CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors can be prepared by a single-step combustion method. > The ignition temperature is the lowest in the combustion synthesis of Ce{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} doped phosphors. > The as-prepared nano-phosphors give a uniform particle size in the range of 15-20 nm and have highly dispersity and fluorescence intensity. > It is a convenient method for preparation of monodispersed oxide nano-phosphors, especially those being sensitive to air at high temperature. - Abstract: The CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors were successfully prepared by a single-step combustion method at an ignition temperature as low as 200 deg. C in a closed autoclave using glycine as a fuel and PEG4000 as a dispersant. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The results revealed that CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors can be conveniently prepared at an ignition temperature as low as 200 deg. C, which was much lower than that in the ordinary combustion methods. The optimized ignition temperature was 220 deg. C. The CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors give a uniform particle size in the range of 15-20 nm. The low ignition temperature and the addition of PEG4000 dispersant play important roles in the formation of small sized nanoparticles. The as-prepared nano-phosphors were incompact aggregates, but highly dispersed nano-phosphors can be obtained after further ultrasonic treatment. The CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors give satisfactory luminescence characteristic benefiting from the closed circumstance, in which cerium atoms can be isolated from the oxidizing atmosphere and non-fluorescent Ce{sup 4+} ions can be ruled out. The present highly dispersed CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+} nano-phosphors with efficient fluorescence are promising in the field of biological labeling

  2. Measurements of Sr/Ca in bones to evaluate differences in temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, P.R. [IFUSP, Travessa R da rua do Matao 187, Cidade Universitaria, CEP 05508-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Added, N. [IFUSP, Travessa R da rua do Matao 187, Cidade Universitaria, CEP 05508-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], E-mail: nemitala@dfn.if.usp.br; Aburaya, J.H.; Rizzutto, M.A. [IFUSP, Travessa R da rua do Matao 187, Cidade Universitaria, CEP 05508-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2008-04-15

    Analysis of aragonite from sea shells and coral skeletons showed a clear correlation between the strontium and calcium concentrations for these crystals (Sr/Ca ratio) and seawater temperature obtained by satellites and ship readings. In this work we present the results of a study that correlates Sr/Ca ratio with formation temperature of another calcium crystal, the hydroxyapatite (Ca{sub 10}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}(OH){sub 2}), main mineral compound of teeth and bones from vertebrates. These animals, independent of its thermoregulation pattern (endothermic or ectothermic) have variations of internal temperature along the body. One interesting application of this work is to differentiate warm-blooded animals from cold-blooded ones just by measuring Sr/Ca ratio in their bones. Bones from a crocodile from Caiman yacare species and two dogs, a poodle and a non defined race, were analyzed using PIXE technique and thick target correction. A 1.78 (18) MeV external proton beam was used in LAMFI-USP with an accumulated charge of about 10 {mu}C for probing the samples. Emitted X-rays were collected using Si-PIN detectors (140 keV for Fe). As in coral skeletons, the Sr/Ca ratio of animals is lower in the body's warmer parts and higher in colder parts.

  3. Measurements of Sr/Ca in bones to evaluate differences in temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, P.R.; Added, N.; Aburaya, J.H.; Rizzutto, M.A.

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of aragonite from sea shells and coral skeletons showed a clear correlation between the strontium and calcium concentrations for these crystals (Sr/Ca ratio) and seawater temperature obtained by satellites and ship readings. In this work we present the results of a study that correlates Sr/Ca ratio with formation temperature of another calcium crystal, the hydroxyapatite (Ca 10 (PO 4 ) 6 (OH) 2 ), main mineral compound of teeth and bones from vertebrates. These animals, independent of its thermoregulation pattern (endothermic or ectothermic) have variations of internal temperature along the body. One interesting application of this work is to differentiate warm-blooded animals from cold-blooded ones just by measuring Sr/Ca ratio in their bones. Bones from a crocodile from Caiman yacare species and two dogs, a poodle and a non defined race, were analyzed using PIXE technique and thick target correction. A 1.78 (18) MeV external proton beam was used in LAMFI-USP with an accumulated charge of about 10 μC for probing the samples. Emitted X-rays were collected using Si-PIN detectors (140 keV for Fe). As in coral skeletons, the Sr/Ca ratio of animals is lower in the body's warmer parts and higher in colder parts

  4. Ca, Sr and Ba stable isotopes reveal the fate of soil nutrients along a tropical climosequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullen, Thomas D.; Chadwick, Oliver A.

    2016-01-01

    Nutrient biolifting is an important pedogenic process in which plant roots obtain inorganic nutrients such as phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) from minerals at depth and concentrate those nutrients at the surface. Here we use soil chemistry and stable isotopes of the alkaline earth elements Ca, strontium (Sr) and barium (Ba) to test the hypothesis that biolifting of P has been an important pedogenic process across a soil climosequence developed on volcanic deposits at Kohala Mountain, Hawaii. The geochemical linkage between these elements is revealed as generally positive site-specific relationships in soil mass gains and losses, particularly for P, Ba and Ca, using the ratio of immobile elements titanium and niobium (Ti/Nb) to link individual soil samples to a restricted compositional range of the chemically and isotopically diverse volcanic parent materials. At sites where P is enriched in surface soils relative to abundances in deeper soils, the isotope compositions of exchangeable Ca, Sr and Ba in the shallowest soil horizons ( 10 cm depth) at those sites is consistently heavier than the volcanic parent materials. The isotope compositions of exchangeable Ca and Sr trend toward heavier compositions with depth more gradually, reflecting increasing leakiness from these soils in the order Ba < Sr < Ca and downward transfer of light biocycled Ca and Sr to deeper exchange sites. Given the long-term stability of ecosystem properties at the sites where P is enriched in surface soils, a simple box model demonstrates that persistence of isotopically light exchangeable Ca, Sr and Ba in the shallowest soil horizons requires that the uptake flux to plants from those near-surface layers is less than the recycling flux returned to the surface as litterfall. This observation implicates an uptake flux from an additional source which we attribute to biolifting. We view the heavy exchangeable Ba relative to soil parent values in deeper soils at sites where P is enriched in

  5. Single-phased white-light-emitting Sr3NaLa(PO4)3F: Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor via energy transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shanshan, Hu; Wanjun, Tang

    2014-01-01

    Single-phased white-light-emitting Sr 3 NaLa(PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu 2+ ,Mn 2+ phosphor is synthesized via the combustion-assisted synthesis technique. Upon excitation of 344 nm ultraviolet (UV) light, two intense broad bands have clearly been obtained due to the allowed 5d–4f transition of Eu 2+ and the forbidden 4 T 1 − 6 A 1 transition of Mn 2+ , respectively. As a result of fine-tuning of the emission composition of the Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ ions, white-light emission can be realized by combining the emission of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ in a single host lattice under UV light excitation. The obtained phosphor exhibits a strong excitation band between 250 and 420 nm, matching well with the dominant emission band of a UV light-emitting-diode (LED) chip, which could be a promising candidate for UV-converting white-light-emitting diodes (LEDs). -- Highlights: • Single-phased Sr 3 NaLa(PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu 2+ ,Mn 2+ phosphors are synthesized. • Sr 3 NaLa(PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu 2+ ,Mn 2+ shows a blue emission band and a yellow emission band. • White-emitting can be obtained by tuning the compositions of the Eu 2+ and Mn 2+

  6. Temperature dependence of positron lifetime in the two-mixed-phase Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, D.M.; Tang, C.Q.; Gen, T.; Li, G.Y.

    1993-01-01

    As compared with the YBaCuO(123) system, the studies of positron annihilation performed for other cuprate superconductors, specifically for the BiSrCaCuO and TlBaCa.CuO systems, are very few. Thus further study of positron annihilation in BiSrCaCuO and TlBaCaCuO systems is necessary. In this note, we report the results of the temperature dependence of positron lifetime parameters in the two-mixed-phase system BiSrCaCuO and discuss the results. (orig.)

  7. A novel broadband emission phosphor Ca2KMg2V3O12 for white light emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Junfu; Qiu, Kehui; Li, Junfeng; Li, Wei; Yang, Qian; Li, Junhan

    2010-01-01

    A novel broadband emission phosphor Ca 2 KMg 2 V 3 O 12 was first synthesized by solution combustion method. The X-ray diffraction showed that Ca 2 KMg 2 V 3 O 12 phase can be obtained at 600-900 o C through combustion route. The crystal structure of this material was refined by Rietveld method using powder X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in cubic system and belongs to space group Ia3d with z = 8, a = 0.12500 nm. The excitation band of Ca 2 KMg 2 V 3 O 12 peaks at 320 nm in a region between 260 nm and 425 nm, and the emission spectrum exhibits an intense band centered at about 528 nm covering from 400 nm to 800 nm. The colour coordinates of samples prepared at different ignition temperatures are in a range of x = 0.323-0.339, y = 0.430-0.447.

  8. Concentration quenching of Eu2+ in a thermal-stable yellow phosphor Ca2BO3Cl:Eu2+ for LED application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Xinguo; Zhang Jilin; Dong Zhiyue; Shi Jianxin; Gong Menglian

    2012-01-01

    A piece-shaped phosphor Ca 2 BO 3 Cl: Eu 2+ was synthesized by solid-state reaction method. This phosphor exhibited wide absorption in ultra-violet and visible range, and bright yellow emission band centering at 570 nm. The concentration quenching mechanism was verified to be a dipole–dipole interaction, and its critical transfer distance was about 17 Å by both calculated crystal structural method and experimental spectral method. This phosphor has a good thermal stability with a quenching temperature (T 1/2 ) of 200 °C. Yellow and white LEDs were fabricated with this phosphor and near UV chips, and the yellow LED has a high color purity of 97.0% and promising current tolerant property, while the white LED shows a luminous efficiency of 11.68 lm/W. - Highlights: ► Broadband excitable and strong yellow-emitting Ca 2 BO 3 Cl: Eu 2+ phosphor is obtained by solid state reaction. ► Concentration quenching mechanism of Ca 2 BO 3 Cl: Eu 2+ is dipole–dipole interaction. ► Quenching temperature (T 1/2 ) of Ca 2 BO 3 Cl: Eu 2+ is at 200 °C. ► As synthesized material can be used for LED phosphor application.

  9. NIR to visible upconversion in Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped CaYAl3O7 phosphor obtained by solution combustion process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Vijay; Rai, Vineet Kumar; Al-Shamery, Katharina; Nordmann, Joerg; Haase, Markus

    2011-01-01

    Using the combustion synthesis, CaYAl 3 O 7 :Er 3+ phosphor powders co-doped with Yb 3+ have been prepared at low temperatures (550 o C) in a few minutes. Formation of the compound was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction. Near-infrared to visible upconversion fluorescence emission in the Er 3+ doped CaYAl 3 O 7 phosphor powder has been observed. The effect of co-doping with triply ionized ytterbium in the CaYAl 3 O 7 :Er 3+ phosphor has been studied and the process involved is discussed. - Highlights: → The green emitting up-conversion CaYAl 3 O 7 :Er 3+ phosphor powders co-doped with Yb 3+ have been prepared by easy combustion method. → The combustion method is a simple, energy saving, fast and economical viable process. → The luminescence intensity in the co-doped phosphor is enhanced by several times compared to that of the singly (Er 3+ ) doped phosphor.

  10. Lanthanide doped BaTiO{sub 3}−SrTiO{sub 3} solid-solution phosphors: Structure, optical spectroscopy and upconverted temperature sensing behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Daqin, E-mail: dqchen@hdu.edu.cn; Xu, Wei; Zhou, Yang; Chen, Yan, E-mail: chenyan@hdu.edu.cn

    2016-08-15

    Lanthanide doped Ba{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3} (x = 0–1) solid-solution phosphors were successfully prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction. Using Eu{sup 3+} dopants as the structural probe, the variation of {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2}/{sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 1} emission intensity ratio with increase of Eu{sup 3+} content and the excitation-wavelength-dependent luminescence in the Ba{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3} sample were demonstrated to be originated from the different emission behaviors of Eu{sup 3+} in Ba{sup 2+}/Sr{sup 2+} site and Ti{sup 4+} site. Furthermore, upconversion luminescence for the Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} co-doped Ba{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3} samples were investigated, and it was found that the emission intensity of Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}: Ba{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} phosphor was about 5 and 2 times as high as those of Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}: BaTiO{sub 3} and Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}: SrTiO{sub 3} ones. Using the investigated Yb{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}: Ba{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} solid-solution as the optical thermometric medium, the temperature sensitivity was determined to be 0.76% K{sup −1} at the temperature of 610 K based on the temperature-dependent fluorescence intensity ratio of the thermally coupled {sup 2}H{sub 11/2} and {sup 4}S{sub 3/2} emitting-states of Er{sup 3+}. - Highlights: • Lanthanide doped Ba{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3} (x = 0–1) solid-solutions were fabricated. • Excitation-wavelength-dependent Eu{sup 3+} emissions were recorded. • Enhanced Er{sup 3+} luminescence was realized by partial substitution of Ba{sup 2+} by Sr{sup 2+}. • T-sensitive emissions of two Er{sup 3+} thermally coupled states were observed. • The upconversion phosphor exhibited a high sensitivity of 0.76% K{sup −1}.

  11. Development of biodegradable Zn-1X binary alloys with nutrient alloying elements Mg, Ca and Sr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H. F.; Xie, X. H.; Zheng, Y. F.; Cong, Y.; Zhou, F. Y.; Qiu, K. J.; Wang, X.; Chen, S. H.; Huang, L.; Tian, L.; Qin, L.

    2015-01-01

    Biodegradable metals have attracted considerable attentions in recent years. Besides the early launched biodegradable Mg and Fe metals, Zn, an essential element with osteogenic potential of human body, is regarded and studied as a new kind of potential biodegradable metal quite recently. Unfortunately, pure Zn is soft, brittle and has low mechanical strength in the practice, which needs further improvement in order to meet the clinical requirements. On the other hand, the widely used industrial Zn-based alloys usually contain biotoxic elements (for instance, ZA series contain toxic Al elements up to 40 wt.%), which subsequently bring up biosafety concerns. In the present work, novel Zn-1X binary alloys, with the addition of nutrition elements Mg, Ca and Sr were designed (cast, rolled and extruded Zn-1Mg, Zn-1Ca and Zn-1Sr). Their microstructure and mechanical property, degradation and in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility were studied systematically. The results demonstrated that the Zn-1X (Mg, Ca and Sr) alloys have profoundly modified the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of pure Zn. Zn-1X (Mg, Ca and Sr) alloys showed great potential for use in a new generation of biodegradable implants, opening up a new avenue in the area of biodegradable metals. PMID:26023878

  12. Comparative kinetics of 47Ca, 85Sr and 226Ra in the freshwater turtle, Trachemys scripta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hinton, T.G.; Whicker, F.W.; Ibrahim, S.A.; Pinder, J.E. III

    1992-01-01

    The kinetics of 47 Ca, 85 Sr and 226 Ra were compared in the yellow-bellied slider, a common freshwater turtle of the southeastern USA. The absorption and elimination processes were examined as a function of stable dietary Ca, season, age and sex of the animals. Turtles were gavaged with radionuclides and serial whole-body analyses were performed on the live animals for up to 480 days. Only in the juvenile age class did reduced dietary Ca cause a significant increase in 85 Sr absorption. The absorption of 85 Sr and 226 Ra in the adult male, adult female and hatchling groups was unaffected by dietary Ca. Mean absorption was greater than that which has been reported for other organisms and significantly differed among isotopes. The high absorption values were not restricted to immatures, but continued into maturity. Elimination rates were not affected by the dietary treatment, nor were isotopic differences in elimination observed. Annual mean elimination rate constants pooled among animal groups, were 0.22 ± 0.07 for 85 Sr and 0.26 ± 0.18 for 226 Ra. Retention was strongly affected by season with the greatest elimination occurring in the summer and declining to levels that were not distinguishable from zero in the winter. Elimination rate constants for hatchlings were greater than for the other age groups. (author)

  13. The effect of oxidant on resputtering of Bi from Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, J. M.; McDonald, D. B.; Reiten, M. T.; Olson, J.; Kampwirth, R. T.; Gray, K. E.

    1991-09-01

    The type and partial pressure of oxidant mixed with argon can affect the selective resputtering of Bi in composite-target, magnetron-sputtered Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films. Comparative studies using oxygen and ozone show that ozone is a more potent oxidant, as well as a more potent source of resputterers, than is oxygen. Severe resputtering from ozone is significantly reduced by a -40 V potential on the sample block. We suggest that oxygen causes resputtering by forming O2(+)p , which interacts with the target to produce energetic O(-). In contrast, ozone may form lower-energy O(-) by electron impact in the dark space. Negative oxygen ions from the target itself may be responsible for a background resputtering effect. Our results and those found for Y-Ba-Cu-O by others are comparable. Bi in Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O behaves as Ba in Y-Ba-Cu-O, with regard to selective resputtering; furthermore, the response of Sr, Ca, and Cu to oxygen in sputtered Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O is similar to what is observed for Cu in Y-Ba-Cu-O.

  14. Effect of oxidant on resputtering of Bi from Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grace, J.M.; McDonald, D.B.; Reiten, M.T.; Olson, J.; Kampwirth, R.T.; Gray, K.E.

    1992-01-01

    The type and partial pressure of oxidant mixed with argon can affect the selective sputtering of Bi in composite-target, magnetron-sputtered Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O films. Comparative studies using oxygen and ozone show that ozone is a more potent oxidant, as well as a more potent source of resputterers than is oxygen. Severe resputtering from ozone is significantly reduced by a -40 V potential on the sample block. We suggest that oxygen causes resputtering by forming O + 2 , which interacts with the target to produce energetic O - . In contrast, ozone may form lower-energy O - by electron impact in the dark space. Negative oxygen ions from the target itself may be responsible for a background resputtering effect. Our results and those found for Y--Ba--Cu--O by others are comparable. Bi in Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O behaves as Ba in Y--Ba--Cu--O, with regard to selective resputtering; furthermore, the response of Sr, Ca, and Cu to oxygen in sputtered Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O is similar to what is observed for Cu in Y--Ba--Cu--O

  15. Cooper pair formation dynamics in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaindl, R.A.; Carnahan, M.A.; Orenstein, J.; Chemla, D.S.; Oh, S.; Eckstein, J.N.

    2003-01-01

    We utilize ultrafast terahertz pulses to monitor the carrier dynamics in the high-TC superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. The temperature, density and time dependence distinctly exposes a bimolecular recombination process of quasiparticles which underlies formation of Cooper pairs

  16. Blastomogenic effect of Cs137, Sr90 and Ca45 in single and chronic administration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zapol'skaya, N.A.; Fedorova, A.V.; Borisova, V.V.

    1978-01-01

    The blastomogenic actions of 137 Cs, 90 Sr, and 45 Ca were considered in experiments on white rats, and it was found that the site and type of tumor were determined by the organotropism of the radionuclide. With chronic administration of radionuclides, the tumor rate was low as compared to single-occasion administration

  17. Lattice site location and annealing behaviour of Ca and Sr implanted GaN

    CERN Document Server

    De Vries, Bart; Wahl, Ulrich; Correia, J G; Araújo, João Pedro; Lojkowski, W; Kolesnikov, D

    2006-01-01

    We report on the lattice location of ion-implanted Ca and Sr in thin films of single-crystalline wurtzite GaN. Using the emission channeling technique the angular distributions of $\\beta\\!^{-}$−particles emitted by the radioactive isotopes $^{45}$Ca(t$_{ 1/2}$=163.8 d) and $^{89}$Sr(t$_{ 1/2}$=50.53 d) were monitored with a position-sensitive detector following 60 keV room-temperature implantation. Our experiments give direct evidence that $\\sim$90% of Ca and > 60% of Sr atoms were occupying substitutional Ga sites with root mean square displacements of the order of 0.15–0.30 Å, i.e., larger than the expected thermal vibration amplitude of 0.074 Å. Annealing the Ca implanted samples at 1100–1350 °C in high-pressure N$_{2}$ atmosphere resulted in a better incorporation into the substitutional Ga site. The Sr implanted sample showed a small decrease in rms displacements for vacuum annealing up to 900 °C, while the substitutional fraction remained nearly constant. The annealing behavior of the rms disp...

  18. Effect of doping Ca on polaron hopping in LaSr 2 Mn 2 O 7

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 58; Issue 5-6. Effect of doping Ca on polaron hopping in LaSr2Mn2O7. S N Bhatia Osama A Yassin. Colossal Magnetoresistance & Other Materials Volume 58 Issue 5-6 May-June 2002 pp 1061- ...

  19. Superconductivity in volumetric and film ceramics Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sukhanov, A.A.; Ozmanyan, Kh.R.; Sandomirskij, B.B.

    1988-01-01

    A superconducting transition with T c0 =82-95 K and T c (R=0)=82-72 K was observed in volumetric and film Bi(Sr 1-x Ca x ) 2 Cu 3 O y samples obtained by solid-phase reaction. Temperature dependences of resistance critical current and magnetic susceptibility are measured

  20. Superconductivity in Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O bulk and film ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sukhanov, A A; Ozmanian, KH R; Sandomirskii, B B

    1988-07-01

    A superconducting transition with Tc0 = 82-95 K and Tc(R = 0) = 82-72 K was observed in Bi(Sr/1-x/Ca/x/)2Cu3O(y) bulk and film specimens obtained via a solid-phase reaction. Temperature dependences of the resistance, critical current, and magnetic susceptibility were measured.

  1. Development of biodegradable Zn-1X binary alloys with nutrient alloying elements Mg, Ca and Sr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H F; Xie, X H; Zheng, Y F; Cong, Y; Zhou, F Y; Qiu, K J; Wang, X; Chen, S H; Huang, L; Tian, L; Qin, L

    2015-05-29

    Biodegradable metals have attracted considerable attentions in recent years. Besides the early launched biodegradable Mg and Fe metals, Zn, an essential element with osteogenic potential of human body, is regarded and studied as a new kind of potential biodegradable metal quite recently. Unfortunately, pure Zn is soft, brittle and has low mechanical strength in the practice, which needs further improvement in order to meet the clinical requirements. On the other hand, the widely used industrial Zn-based alloys usually contain biotoxic elements (for instance, ZA series contain toxic Al elements up to 40 wt.%), which subsequently bring up biosafety concerns. In the present work, novel Zn-1X binary alloys, with the addition of nutrition elements Mg, Ca and Sr were designed (cast, rolled and extruded Zn-1Mg, Zn-1Ca and Zn-1Sr). Their microstructure and mechanical property, degradation and in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility were studied systematically. The results demonstrated that the Zn-1X (Mg, Ca and Sr) alloys have profoundly modified the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of pure Zn. Zn-1X (Mg, Ca and Sr) alloys showed great potential for use in a new generation of biodegradable implants, opening up a new avenue in the area of biodegradable metals.

  2. Positron lifetime studies on the BiSrCaCuO(F) superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shi Zhiqiang; Chao Xixu; Wu Lingyun

    1995-01-01

    We have measured the positron lifetime and the transition temperature T c as a function of doped F content for Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O y-x F x superconductors. The observed results are interpreted in terms of the change of the electron density in the Bi - O layers, which is the region probed by the positron, and the hole concentration in the Cu - O planes, which is correlated with the T c of the sample. From this point of view, it is suggested that the F atom mainly substitutes the oxygen atom in the Bi - O layers, and it causes the electrons transfer from the Bi - O layers to the Sr - O planes; when x = 0.4, the F atom mainly substitues the oxygen atom in the Sr - O planes, it causes the electrons transfer from the Sr - O planes to the Bi - O layers and the Cu - O planes. (orig.)

  3. Naturally occurrence of Sr and Ca in the stem of a Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don) using PIXE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katayama, Y.; Aoki, T.; Ko, S.; Yoshida, K.

    2000-01-01

    Distribution profiles of Sr and Ca occurring naturally in the stem of a Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don) were determined using PIXE. The average concentration of Sr was around 7.5 ppm and the average Ca concentration was about 540 ppm. (author)

  4. Luminescence characteristics of Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Si{sub 2}O{sub 2}N{sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors for white light emitting diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anoop, G.; Cho, I.H.; Suh, D.W.; Yoo, J.S. [Display Materials Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Chung-Ang University, Heukseok-Dong 221, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Si{sub 2}O{sub 2}N{sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were synthesized using high temperature solid state reaction. The effect of Ba incorporation on the structural and luminescence characteristics of SrSi{sub 2}O{sub 2}N{sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were studied. The phosphors were crystallized in triclinic crystal structure and the cell volume increases monotonically with Ba addition. The PL emission peak wavelength red shifts with Ba up to x = 0.50 beyond which no red shift is observed. The XPS analysis shows that nitrogen is being incorporated into the host lattice along with Ba addition up to x = 0.50. The as synthesized phosphors show high thermal stability. Phosphor converted light emitting diodes were realized using Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Si{sub 2}O{sub 2}N{sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors (x = 0 and x = 0.40) showing luminance efficacies of 108 and 101 lm W{sup -1}. The CIE chromaticity coordinates of Sr{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}Si{sub 2}O{sub 2}N{sub 2}:Eu (x = 0 and x = 0.40) phosphors. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  5. Discovery of novel solid solution Ca3Si3-x O3+x N4-2x : Eu2+ phosphors: structural evolution and photoluminescence tuning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Baochen; Liu, Yan-Gai; Huang, Zhaohui; Fang, Minghao; Wu, Xiaowen

    2017-12-22

    Discovery of novel phosphors is one of the main issues for improving the color rendering index (CRI) and correlated color temperature (CCT) of white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs). This study mainly presents a systematic research on the synthesis, crystal structure variation and photoluminescence tuning of novel (oxy)nitride solid solution Ca 3 Si 3-x O 3+x N 4-2x : Eu 2+ phosphors. XRD refinements show that lattice distortion occurs when x value diverges the optimum one (x = 1). The lattice distortion causes a widening of emission spectrum and an increase of Stokes shift (ΔSS), which leads to a bigger thermal quenching. With decrease of x value, the emission spectrum shows an obvious red-shift from 505.2 to 540.8 nm, which is attributed to the crystal field splitting. The enhanced crystal field splitting also broadens the excitation spectrum, making it possible to serve as the phosphor for near ultraviolet (n-UV) LEDs. A 3-phosphor-conversion w-LED lamp was fabricated with the as-prepared phosphor, which exhibits high CRI (Ra = 85.29) and suitable CCT (4903.35 K). All these results indicate that the Ca 3 Si 3-x O 3+x N 4-2x : Eu 2+ phosphor can serve as the green phosphor for n-UV w-LEDs, with a tunable spectrum by controlling the crystal structure and morphology.

  6. Bluish-White Luminescence in Rare-Earth-Free Vanadate Garnet Phosphors: Structural Characterization of LiCa3MV3O12 (M = Zn and Mg).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Takuya; Abe, Yusuke; Koizumi, Atsuya; Ueda, Tadaharu; Toda, Kenji; Sato, Mineo

    2018-01-16

    Extensive attention has been focused toward studies on inexpensive and rare-earth-free garnet-structure vanadate phosphors, which do not have a low optical absorption due to the luminescence color being easily controlled by its high composition flexibility. However, bluish emission phosphors with a high quantum efficiency have not been found until now. In this study, we successfully discovered bluish-white emitting, garnet structure-based LiCa 3 MV 3 O 12 (M = Zn and Mg) phosphors with a high quantum efficiency, and the detailed crystal structure was refined by the Rietveld analysis technique. These phosphors exhibit a broad-band emission spectra peak at 481 nm under near UV-light excitation at 341 nm, indicating no clear difference in the emission and excitation spectra. A very compact tetrahedral [VO 4 ] unit is observed in the LiCa 3 MV 3 O 12 (M = Zn and Mg) phosphors, which is not seen in other conventional garnet compounds, and generates a bluish-white emission. In addition, these phosphors exhibit high quantum efficiencies of 40.1% (M = Zn) and 44.0% (M = Mg), respectively. Therefore, these vanadate garnet phosphors can provide a new blue color source for LED devices.

  7. Enhancement of the mechanoluminescence properties on Ca2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ phosphor by co-doping of charge compensator ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, Ishwar Prasad

    2016-08-01

    In the present article, effect of charge compensator ions (R+ = Li+, Na+ and K+) on dysprosium-doped di-calcium magnesium di-silicate (Ca2MgSi2O7:Dy3+) phosphors were investigated. The Ca2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ and Ca2MgSi2O7:Dy3+, R+ phosphors, were prepared by solid-state reaction method. The crystal structures of sintered phosphors were an akermanite-type structure which belongs to the tetragonal crystallography. The peaks of mechanoluminescence (ML) intensity were increased linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston. Thus, present investigation indicates that the piezoelectricity was responsible to produce ML in prepared phosphors. The time of the peak ML intensity and the decay rate did not change significantly with respect to increasing impact velocity. Addition of charge compensator ions enhances the luminescence intensity of prepared Ca2MgSi2O7:Dy3+ phosphors, because they neutralize the charge generated by Dy3+ substitution for Ca2+ ions. The role of Li+ ions among all charge compensator ions (Na+ or K+) used was found to be most effective for enhanced Dy3+ ion emission. These ML materials can be used in the devices such as stress sensor, fracture sensor, impact sensor, damage sensors, safety management monitoring system and fuse system for army warheads.

  8. Controls over δ44/40Ca and Sr/Ca variations in coccoliths: New perspectives from laboratory cultures and cellular models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mejía, Luz María; Paytan, Adina; Eisenhauer, Anton; Böhm, Florian; Kolevica, Ana; Bolton, Clara; Méndez-Vicente, Ana; Abrevaya, Lorena; Isensee, Kirsten; Stoll, Heather

    2018-01-01

    Coccoliths comprise a major fraction of the global carbonate sink. Therefore, changes in coccolithophores' Ca isotopic fractionation could affect seawater Ca isotopic composition, affecting interpretations of the global Ca cycle and related changes in seawater chemistry and climate. Despite this, a quantitative interpretation of coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation and a clear understanding of the mechanisms driving it are not yet available. Here, we address this gap in knowledge by developing a simple model (CaSri-Co) to track coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation during cellular Ca uptake and allocation to calcification. We then apply it to published and new δ 44 / 40 Ca and Sr/Ca data of cultured coccolithophores of the species Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica. We identify changes in calcification rates, Ca retention efficiency and solvation-desolvation rates as major drivers of the Ca isotopic fractionation and Sr/Ca variations observed in cultures. Higher calcification rates, higher Ca retention efficiencies and lower solvation-desolvation rates increase both coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation and Sr/Ca. Coccolith Ca isotopic fractionation is most sensitive to changes in solvation-desolvation rates. Changes in Ca retention efficiency may be a major driver of coccolith Sr/Ca variations in cultures. We suggest that substantial changes in the water structure strength caused by past changes in temperature could have induced significant changes in coccolithophores' Ca isotopic fractionation, potentially having some influence on seawater Ca isotopic composition. We also suggest a potential effect on Ca isotopic fractionation via modification of the solvation environment through cellular exudates, a hypothesis that remains to be tested.

  9. Optimization of synthesis technique and luminescent properties in Eu{sup 3+}-activated NaCaPO{sub 4} phosphor for solid state lighting applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ratnam, B.V. [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140 (Korea, Republic of); Sahu, Mukesh K.; Vishwakarma, Amit K.; Jha, Kaushal [Luminescent Materials Research Lab (LMRL), Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi 110042 (India); Woo, Hyun-Joo [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140 (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Kiwan, E-mail: kwjang@changwon.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140 (Korea, Republic of); Jayasimhadri, M., E-mail: jayaphysics@yahoo.com [Luminescent Materials Research Lab (LMRL), Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi 110042 (India)

    2017-05-15

    Europium activated NaCaPO{sub 4} phosphor has been synthesized by various synthesis techniques such as solid-state reaction (SSR), molten salt synthesis (MSS) and sol-gel combustion (SGC) method to optimize the synthesis procedure. The comparative investigations of structural and luminescent properties have been studied to know the best synthesis method. The XRD patterns and Rietveld refinement analysis of the synthesized phosphors confirmed the single phase orthorhombic structure of NaCaPO{sub 4}. Excitation spectra indicate the strong absorption in near ultraviolet (n-UV) region and the emission spectra exhibit strong emission band at 595 nm corresponds to {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 1} transition under n-UV (λ{sub ex}=392 nm) excitation. The SGC route synthesized phosphor exhibit intense emission than that of the SSR and MSS method. Therefore, the effect of dopant (Eu{sup 3+}) concentration on the emission intensity and concentration quenching mechanism has been discussed in detail for the Eu{sup 3+} doped NaCaPO{sub 4} phosphor synthesized by SGC method. The CIE chromaticity coordinates have been calculated for the phosphors synthesized by SSR, MSS and SGC methods to reveal the emitting color and also to know the utility of this phosphor for white LEDs.

  10. Scintillation properties of LiF–SrF2 and LiF–CaF2 eutectic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yanagida, Takayuki; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Fujimoto, Yutaka; Fukuda, Kentaro; Watanabe, Kenichi; Yamazaki, Atsushi; Uritani, Akira

    2013-01-01

    Dopant free eutectic scintillators 6 LiF–SrF 2 and 6 LiF–CaF 2 were developed by the vertical Bridgeman method for the purpose of thermal neutron detection. The molar ratio of LiF and Ca/SrF 2 was 4:1 on its eutectic composition. The α-ray induced radioluminescence spectra of the scintillators showed intense emission peak at 300 nm due to the emission from the self-trapped exciton in Ca/SrF 2 layers. When the samples were irradiated with 252 Cf neutrons, 6 LiF–SrF 2 and 6 LiF–CaF 2 exhibited the light yields of 4700 and 9400 ph/n, respectively. Scintillation decay times of 6 LiF–SrF 2 and 6 LiF–CaF 2 were accepted for scintillation detectors, 90 and 250 ns, respectively. -- Highlights: • Nondoped LiF–CaF 2 and LiF–SrF 2 eutectic scinitillators are reported for the first time. • Two sample showed self-trapped exciton emission. • LiF–SrF 2 sample exhibited the light yield of 9400 ph/n and this value was comparable to conventional materials doped with rare earth ions. • Scintillation decay times of LiF–CaF 2 and LiF–SrF 2 were 250 and 90 ns, respectively

  11. Blue photoluminescence and long lasting phosphorescence properties of a novel chloride phosphate phosphor: Sr5(PO4)3Cl:Eu2+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, Chuanqiang; Zhang, Jiachi; Feng, Pengfei; Duan, Yiming; Zhang, Zhiya; Wang, Yuhua

    2014-01-01

    A novel blue emitting long lasting phosphorescence phosphor Sr 5 (PO 4 ) 3 Cl:Eu 2+ is synthesized by solid state method at 1223 K in reducing atmosphere. The afterglow emission spectrum shows one broad band centered at 441 nm due to the 5d–4f transition of Eu 2+ at six coordinated Sr(II) sites and the color coordinates are calculated to be (0.149, 0.095) which is close to the light blue region. The excitation band is in 240–430 nm and partly overlaps the solar irradiation on Earth's surface. The long lasting phosphorescence of the optimal sample doping by 0.1 mol%Eu 2+ can be recorded for about 1040 s (0.32 mcd/m 2 ). Thermoluminescence shows that there are at least three types of traps corresponding to peaks at 340 K, 382 K, 500 K, respectively. The filling and fading experiments reveal that the traps in Sr 5 (PO 4 ) 3 Cl:Eu 2+ are independent. The shallow traps (340 K) essentially contribute to the visible long lasting phosphorescence, while the deep traps (382 K and 500 K) are proved to be very stable. Thus, the Sr 5 (PO 4 ) 3 Cl:Eu 2+ material shows potential applications as not only a long lasting phosphorescence phosphor, but also an optical storage material. -- Highlights: • The blue long lasting phosphorescence of Sr 5 (PO 4 ) 3 Cl:Eu 2+ is first reported. • Filling and fading experiments are carried out for revealing natures of traps. • The afterglow mechanism for independent traps of Sr 5 (PO 4 ) 3 Cl:Eu 2+ is proposed

  12. The comparative kinetics of Ca, Sr, And Ra in a freshwater turtle, Trachemys scripta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hinton, T.G.

    1989-01-01

    The accumulation of 45 Ca, 47 Ca, 88 Sr, and 226 Ra was studied in the yellow-bellied slider, a common freshwater turtle of the Southeastern US. The author was particularly interested in testing the hypothesis of competitive inhibition, a concept whereby decreasing the intake of a stable dietary element increases the absorption and retention of chemically similar radionuclides. He established four specific hypotheses and examined the processes of absorption and elimination as a function of stable dietary calcium (2 and 20 mg g -1 ), season (summer, fall, winter and spring), and age and sex of the animals (hatchlings, juveniles, adult males, adult females, and gravid females). Turtles were gavaged with radionuclides and the gamma-emitting isotopes were detected during serial whole-body counts performed on the live animals for up to 480 d. The analysis of the beta-emitting 45 Ca was accomplished by chemical separation procedures. Data were fit to a two-component exponential retention model by nonlinear regression. The 10-fold reduction in dietary Ca did not affect the elimination rate constants, and increased the assimilation of Sr and Ra only within juveniles. For all animals the absorption of Ca was significantly greater than Sr, and likewise, Sr was greater than Ra. Mean absorptions were generally higher than values reported for other organisms. Unlike many other organisms, absorption rates did not decline at maturity. He suspects that high Ca demands in constructing and maintaining the massive shell, necessitated by the turtle's survival strategy, may contribute to the high absorption, as well as the lack of a decline at maturity. Elimination rate constants were greatest in the summer and declined to levels that were generally not distinguishable from zero in the spring, winter, and fall seasons

  13. Tricolor emission Ca3Si2O7:Ln (Ln=Ce, Tb, Eu) phosphors for near-UV white light-emitting-diode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mao, Zhi-yong; Zhu, Ying-chun; Gan, Lin; Zeng, Yi; Xu, Fang-fang; Wang, Yang; Tian, Hua; Li, Jian; Wang, Da-jian

    2013-01-01

    Tricolor emission in a same Ca 3 Si 2 O 7 host with independent Ln (Ln=Ce 3+ , Eu 2+ , Tb 3+ ) dopants is demonstrated to construct a near-UV white light emitting diode (LED). The luminescence properties and thermal quenching properties, as well as the applications in near-UV white LED are investigated. These phosphors show typical blue, red, and green, three-basal-color, luminescence in the CIE chromaticity diagram for Ce 3+ , Eu 2+ and Tb 3+ dopants, respectively. Thermal quenching properties show that the luminescence thermal stability strongly depends on the different dopant types; better thermal quenching property of Ce 3+ and Tb 3+ is recorded in comparison with that of Eu 2+ . The white LED prototype fabricated with near-UV chip and as-prepared tricolor phosphors exhibits acceptable CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.32, 0.30) with a CCT of 6000 K and a CRI of 87, indicating the potential application of Ca 3 Si 2 O 7 :Ln phosphors in near-UV white LED. - Highlights: ► Tricolor Ca 3 Si 2 O 7 : Ln phosphors were demonstrated to construct near-UV white LED. ► Eu 2+ doped Ca 3 Si 2 O 7 red-emitting phosphor was confirmed by this work once again. ► Thermal quenching properties for Ca 3 Si 2 O 7 :Ln phosphors were reported for the first time. ► Performances of fabricated white LED indicated the potential application of phosphors.

  14. Persistent luminescence, TL and OSL characterization of beta irradiated SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ combustion synthesized phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zúñiga-Rivera, N.J.; García, R.; Rodríguez-Mijangos, R.; Chernov, V.; Meléndrez, R.; Pedroza-Montero, M.; Barboza-Flores, M.

    2014-01-01

    The persistent luminescence (PLUM), thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of strontium aluminates co-doped with Eu +2 and Dy +3 exposed to beta radiation is reported. The phosphor was synthesized by the combustion synthesis method employing a highly exothermic redox reaction between the metal nitrates [Al(NO 3 ) 3 , Sr(NO 3 ) 2 , Eu(NO 3 ) 3 and Dy(NO 3 ) 3 ] and organic fuel carbohydrazide (CH 6 N 4 O). The long decay PLUM emission, TL and OSL were measured as a function of beta radiation dose. A wide emission band centered at 510 nm (green) related to Eu 2+ ions and lattice defects were observed for the synthesized samples. The presence of a variety of defects and aggregates were responsible for the observed broad 100 °C peaked TL glow curve of the irradiated sample which is composed of several overlapped TL peaks. The existence of multiple trapping levels, with different trapping/detrapping probabilities, is behind the particular features for the PLUM, TL and OSL emissions. We conclude that in the SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors, the low temperature TL peaked around 30–75 °C is responsible for the PLUM emission and those around 100 °C were related to very stable trapping states which provide suitable radiation storage properties to be used as a PLUM/TL/OSL radiation phosphor

  15. The role of annealing: effect on CaSO4:Dy phosphor with manganese and sodium impurities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, S.-H.; Hsu, P.-C.

    1990-01-01

    The effect of the annealing treatment on the CaSO 4 :Dy phosphor with Mn and Na impurities was studied at different annealing temperatures from 100 0 C to 800 0 C. Doping with or without impurity caused no difference in the properties for temperatures less than 400 0 C. An annealing temperature greater than 400 0 C brings a reduction in low temperature peak intensities of CaSO 4 :Dy with Na only. The high temperature peak intensities increase as the temperature increases from 400 0 C to 600 0 C. However, annealing at a temperature greater than 600 0 C brings a drastic reduction in high temperature peak intensities as well as TL output. (author)

  16. Advances in the synthesis of new Europium doped CaSO4 phosphors and their thermoluminescence characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bernal, R.; Garcia-Haro, A.R.; Machi, L.; Brown, F.; Perez-Salas, R.; Castano, V.M.; Cruz-Vazquez, C.

    2008-01-01

    Novel self-agglomerating Eu doped CaSO 4 phosphors were synthesized by a cheap, easy, and environmental friendly chemical route. Pellet-shaped sintered samples were obtained without any binding material, and exposed to beta particle irradiation. The thermoluminescence (TL) response in the 0.08-2.6 Gy dose range increased linearly as the radiation dose increased. Glow curves exhibit the most intense maximum close to 200 deg. C, and two much less intense maxima at 250 and 330 deg. C when a 5 deg. C/s heating rate is used. No TL peaks shift is observed when dose changes, which is characteristic of first order kinetics TL processes. The whole glow curve displays a remarkable stability under storage at room temperature. The main peak intensity is 2.5 times greater than that of the TLD-100. The method here reported can be used to synthesize CaSO 4 with other dopants

  17. Fabrication Flexible and Luminescent Nanofibrillated Cellulose Films with Modified SrAl2O4: Eu, Dy Phosphors via Nanoscale Silica and Aminosilane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longfei Zhang

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Flexible 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical (TEMPO-oxidized nanofibrillated cellulose (ONFC films with long afterglow luminescence containing modified SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+ (SAOED phosphors were fabricated by a template method. Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS and (3-aminopropyl trimethoxy-silane (APTMS were employed cooperatively to improve the water resistance and compatibility of the SAOED particles in the ONFC suspension. The structure and morphology after modification evidenced the formation of a superior SiO2 layer and coarse amino-compounds on the surface of the phosphors. Homogeneous dispersions containing ONFC and the modified phosphors were prepared and the interface of composite films containing the amino-modified particles showed a more closely packed structure and had less voids at the interface between the cellulose and luminescent particles than that of silica-modified phosphors. The emission spectra for luminescent films showed a slight blue shift (3.2 nm at around 512 nm. Such flexible films with good luminescence, thermal resistance, and mechanical properties can find applications in fields like luminous flexible equipment, night indication, and portable logo or labels.

  18. Luminescent properties of phosphor converted LED using an orange-emitting Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Hee Jo; Yim, Dong Kyun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, In-Sun [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, CA 94305 (United States); Roh, Hee-Suk; Kim, Ju Seong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong-Wan, E-mail: dwkim@ajou.ac.kr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ajou University, Woncheon-dong, San 5, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Kug Sun, E-mail: kshongss@plaza.snu.ac.kr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► Phase-pure Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} powders were synthesized by a solid state reaction process. ► The optimum emission intensity was observed at the Eu{sup 2+} ion concentration of 0.006. ► The dipole–dipole interaction was the major concentration quenching mechanism. ► The pc-LED coated with Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} had higher CRI than commercial red phosphor. -- Abstract: A series of orange-emitting Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction method. The as-prepared phosphors were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), fluorescence spectroscopy, and spectroradiometry. XRD showed that all prepared samples exhibited a monoclinic Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7} phase. Fluorescence spectroscopy showed that the photoluminescence efficiency of Rb{sub 2}Ca{sub 1−x}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sub x}{sup 2+} phosphors increased with increasing Eu{sup 2+} concentration until x = 0.006, then decreased at higher concentrations, due to a concentration quenching effect. The thermal activation energy was also measured to be 0.40 eV. Furthermore, a phosphor-converted LED (pc-LED) coated with Rb{sub 2}Ca{sub 0.994}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sub 0.006}{sup 2+} was fabricated, which exhibited bright orange emission under a forward bias, from 200 to 300 mA. The color rendering index (CRI) of pc-LED coated with Rb{sub 2}Ca{sub 0.994}P{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sub 0.006}{sup 2+} was higher than the CRI of pc-LED coated with commercial red phosphor, due to the broad emission band of Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor. In applying with three-band pc-LEDs, moreover, white pc-LED using Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor had a higher CRI, than using commercial phosphor. These results indicated that Rb{sub 2}CaP{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor could be a good candidate for a near-UV based w-LED.

  19. Unraveling the Role of Structural Order in the Transformation of Electrical Conductivity in Ca2FeCoO6-δ, CaSrFeCoO6-δ, and Sr2FeCoO6-δ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hona, Ram Krishna; Huq, Ashfia; Ramezanipour, Farshid

    2017-12-04

    The ability to control the electrical conductivity of solid-state oxides using structural parameters has been demonstrated. A correlation has been established between the electrical conductivity and structural order in a series of oxygen-deficient perovskites using X-ray and neutron diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and electrical conductivity studies at a wide temperature range, 25-800 °C. The crystal structure of CaSrFeCoO 6-δ has been determined, and its stark contrast to Ca 2 FeCoO 6-δ and Sr 2 FeCoO 6-δ has been demonstrated. The Fe/Co distribution over tetrahedral and octahedral sites has been determined using neutron diffraction. There is a systematic increase in the structural order in progression from Sr 2 FeCoO 6-δ (δ = 0.5) to CaSrFeCoO 6-δ (δ = 0.8) and Ca 2 FeCoO 6-δ (δ = 0.9) . The oxygen contents of these materials were determined using iodometric titration and TGA. At room temperature, there is an inverse correlation between the electrical conductivity and structural order. The ordered Ca 2 and CaSr compounds are semiconductors, while the disordered Sr 2 compund shows metallic behavior. The metallic nature of the Sr 2 material persists up to 1073 K (800 °C), while the Ca 2 and CaSr compounds undergo a semiconductor-to-metal transition above 500 and 300 °C, respectively, highlighting another important impact of the structural order. At high temperature, the CaSr compound has the highest conductivity compared to the Ca 2 and Sr 2 materials. There appears to be an optimum degree of structural order that leads to the highest conductivity at high temperature. Another consequence of the structural order is the observation of mixed ionic-electronic conductivity in CaSr and Ca 2 compounds, as is evident from the hysteresis in the conductivity data obtained during heating and cooling cycles. The average ionic radius required for each structural transition was

  20. Near-UV and blue wavelength excitable Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} high efficiency red phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, A. [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Electrical Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Dutta, P.S., E-mail: duttap@rpi.edu [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Electrical Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States)

    2015-05-15

    Red phosphors with narrow emission around 615 nm (with FWHM~5–10 nm) having chemical compositions of A{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} (A=Mg, Sr) have been found to exhibit the highest luminescence amongst the molybdate–tungstate family when excited by sources in the 380–420 nm wavelength range. Thus they are most suitable for enhancing color rendering index and lowering color temperature in phosphor converted white LEDs (pc-WLEDs) with near-UV/blue LED excitation sources. The excitation band edge in the near UV/blue wavelength in the reported phosphor has been attributed to the coordination environment of the transition metal ion (Mo{sup 6+}, W{sup 6+}) and host crystal structure. Furthermore the quantum efficiency of the phosphors has been enhanced by adjusting activator concentration, suitable compositional alloying using substitutional alkaline earth metal cations and charge compensation mechanisms. - Graphical abstract: The charge transfer excitation of orthorhombic Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} is significantly higher than tetragonal CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} phosphors making Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} prime candidates for fabrication of warm white phosphor-converted LEDs. - Highlights: • LED excitable Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} phosphors were synthesized. • These phosphors are 10 times more intense than CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} red phosphors. • Their intensity and efficiency were enhanced by materials optimization techniques. • Such techniques include compositional alloying, charge compensation, etc.

  1. Enhanced photoluminescence and thermal stability of divalent ions (Zn2+, Mg2+) assisted CaTiO3:Eu3+ perovskite phosphors for lighting applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Dhananjay Kumar; Manam, J.

    2018-03-01

    Current study proposes the improved red emission of Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions incorporated CaTiO3:Eu3+ phosphors synthesized via the well-known solid-state reaction method. Under the 397 nm UV excitation, the Zn2+- and Mg2+-incorporated CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+ phosphor having orthorhombic structure with space group Pbnm exhibited an intense red emission at 619 nm. This can be credited to the hypersensitive 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ ions, which is also indicative of the fact that the Eu3+ ions populated the non-inversion symmetry sites in the CaTiO3 lattices. The optimized composition CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.20Zn2+ and CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.10Mg2+ phosphors, pronounces in a magnificent enhancement of PL intensity by 5.5 and 2.5 times, respectively, as compared to CaTiO3:0.15 Eu3+ phosphor. From the temperature-dependent emission spectra, ΔEa were enunciated to be 0.101 and 0.086 eV for CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.20Zn2+ and CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.10Mg2+ phosphors, respectively, for thermal quenching. In addition, it can be better understood as related to the adequate thermal stability of 60% even at 450 and 420 K, respectively. Furthermore, the Judd-Ofelt theory was used to study the radiative intensity parameters of Eu3+ ions in the CaTiO3 lattices. The experimental results incited the bright prospects of synthesized ceramics as a promising candidate for lighting applications.

  2. White light emission and effect of annealing on the Ho3+–Yb3+ codoped BaCa2Al8O15 phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumari, Astha; Rai, Vineet Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Graphical abstract: The upconversion emission spectra of the Ho 3+ /Yb 3+ doped/codoped BaCa 2 Al 8 O 15 phosphors with different doping concentrations of Ho 3+ /Yb 3+ ions along with UC emission spectrum of the white light emitting phosphor annealed at 800 °C. - Highlights: • BaCa 2 Al 8 O 15 phosphors codoped with Ho 3+ –Yb 3+ have been prepared by combustion method. • Phosphor annealed at 800 °C, illuminate an intense white light upon NIR excitation. • The sample annealed at higher temperatures emits in the pure green region. • The colour emitted persists in the white region even at high pump power density. • Developed phosphor is suitable for making upconverters and WLEDs. - Abstract: The BaCa 2 Al 8 O 15 (BCAO) phosphors codoped with suitable Ho 3+ –Yb 3+ dopant concentration prepared by combustion method illuminate an intense white light upon near infrared diode laser excitation. The structural analysis of the phosphors and the detection of impurity contents have been performed by using the X-Ray Diffraction, FESEM and FTIR analysis. The purity of white light emitted from the sample has been confirmed by the CIE chromaticity diagram. Also, the white light emitted from the sample persists with the variation of pump power density. The phosphors emit upconversion (UC) emission bands in the blue, green and red region (three primary colours required for white light emission) along with one more band in the near infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. On annealing the white light emitting sample at higher temperatures, the sample starts to emit green colour and also the intensity of green and red UC emission bands get enhanced largely.

  3. Studies on the Luminescence Properties of CaZrO3:Eu3+ Phosphors Prepared by the Solid State Reaction Method

    OpenAIRE

    Sahu, Ishwar Prasad; Bisen, D.P.; Tamrakar, R.K.; Murthy, K.V.R.; Mohapatra, M.

    2017-01-01

    CaZrO3:xEu3+ (x = 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mol%) phosphors were successfully prepared by a solid state reaction method. The crystal structure of sintered phosphors was hexagonal phase with space group of Pm-3m. The near ultra-violet (NUV) excitation, emission spectra of the CaZrO3:xEu3+ phosphors were composed of sharp line emission associated with the transitions from the excited states 5D0 to the ground state 7Fj (j = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) of Eu3+. The results indicated that CaZrO3:xEu3+ might ...

  4. Preparation of MAl O : Eu2+, Sm3+ (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) Phosphors by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NJD

    2007-10-15

    Oct 15, 2007 ... clearly show that most peaks are assigned to those of the MAl2O4 structure. Moreover, their structures change with change of M. Samples A and B exhibit monoclinic crystal systems and sample. C a hexagonal structure. The doping Eu2+ and co-doping Sm3+ have very little influence on the structure of the ...

  5. Energy transfer in M₅(PO₄)₃  F:Eu²⁺,Ce³⁺ (M = Ca and Ba) phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinde, K N; Dhoble, S J

    2014-08-01

    M5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+) (M = Ca and Ba) co-doped with Ce(3+) phosphors were successfully prepared by the combustion synthesis method. The introduction of co-dopant (Ce(3+)) into the host enhanced the luminescent intensity of the M5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+) (M = Ca and Ba) efficiently. Previously, we have reported the synthesis and photoluminescence properties of same phosphors. The aim of this article is to report energy transfer mechanism between Ce(3+) ➔Eu(2+) ions in M5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+) (M = Ca and Ba) phosphors, where Ce(3+) ions act as sensitizers and Eu(2+) ions act as activators. The M5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+) (M = Ca and Ba) co-doped with Ce(3+) phosphor exhibits great potential for use in white ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diode applications to serve as a single-phased phosphor that can be pumped with near-UV or UV light-emitting diodes. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca as novel geochemical proxies for understanding sediment transport processes within coral reefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gacutan, J.; Vila-Concejo, A.; Nothdurft, L. D.; Fellowes, T. E.; Cathey, H. E.; Opdyke, B. N.; Harris, D. L.; Hamylton, S.; Carvalho, R. C.; Byrne, M.; Webster, J. M.

    2017-10-01

    Sediment transport is a key driver of reef zonation and biodiversity, where an understanding of sediment dynamics gives insights into past reef processes and allows the prediction of geomorphic responses to changing environmental conditions. However, modal conditions within the back-reef seldom promote sediment transport, hence direct observation is inherently difficult. Large benthic foraminifera (LBF) have previously been employed as 'tracers' to infer sediment transport pathways on coral reefs, as their habitat is largely restricted to the algal flat and post-mortem, their calcium carbonate test is susceptible to sediment transport forces into the back-reef. Foraminiferal test abundance and post-depositional test alteration have been used as proxies for sediment transport, although the resolution of these measures becomes limited by low test abundance and the lack of variation within test alteration. Here we propose the novel use of elemental ratios as a proxy for sediment transport. Two species, Baculogypsina sphaerulata and Calcarina capricornia, were analysed using a taphonomic index within One Tree and Lady Musgrave reefs, Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) was used to determine Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca and these ratios were compared with taphonomic data. Decreases in test Mg/Ca accompany increases in Sr/Ca in specimens from algal-flat to lagoonal samples in both species, mirroring trends indicated by taphonomic values, therefore indicating a relationship with test alteration. To delineate mechanisms driving changes in elemental ratios, back-scattered electron (BSE) images, elemental mapping and in situ quantitative spot analyses by electron microprobe microanalysis (EPMA) using wavelength dispersive X-ray spectrometers (WDS) were performed on un-altered algal flat and heavily abraded tests for both species. EPMA analyses reveal heterogeneity in Mg/Ca between spines and the test wall, implying the loss of

  7. Crystal structures of the double perovskites Ba2Sr1-x Ca x WO6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fu, W.T.; Akerboom, S.; IJdo, D.J.W.

    2007-01-01

    Structures of the double perovskites Ba 2 Sr 1- x Ca x WO 6 have been studied by the profile analysis of X-ray diffraction data. The end members, Ba 2 SrWO 6 and Ba 2 CaWO 6 , have the space group I2/m (tilt system a 0 b - b - ) and Fm3-barm (tilt system a 0 a 0 a 0 ), respectively. By increasing the Ca concentration, the monoclinic structure transforms to the cubic one via the rhombohedral R3-bar phase (tilt system a - a - a - ) instead of the tetragonal I4/m phase (tilt system a 0 a 0 c - ). This observation supports the idea that the rhombohedral structure is favoured by increasing the covalency of the octahedral cations in Ba 2 MM'O 6 -type double perovskites, and disagrees with a recent proposal that the formation of the π-bonding, e.g., d 0 -ion, determines the tetragonal symmetry in preference to the rhombohedral one. - Graphical abstract: Enlarged sections showing the evolution of the basic (222) and (400) reflections in Ba 2 Sr 1- x Ca x WO 6 . Tick marks below are the positions of Bragg's reflections calculated using the space groups I2/m (x=0), R3-bar (x=0.25, 0.5 and 0.75) and Fm3-barm (x=1), respectively

  8. Synthesis, Thermal and Luminescence Characteristics of Eu-activated SrZn2Si2O7 as a Nanocrystalline Blue-emitting Phosphor for LEDs Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sameie, H.; Salimi, R.; Alvani, A.A.S.; Sarabi, A.A.; Farsi, M.A.M.; Roohnikan, M.; Mohammadloo, H.E.; Tahriri, M.

    2011-01-01

    In this research, blue-emitting nanocrystalline phosphor SrZn 2 Si 2 O 7 : Eu 2+ was successfully synthesized with two routes: solid state reaction (SS) and sol-gel method (SG). The effects of preparation processes on the crystallization, morphology and optical properties were investigated by appropriate techniques. From the photoluminescence results, obtained phosphors emit strong blue light due to 4f 6 5d 1 ( 2 D)→4f 7 ( 8 S 7/2 ) transition of Eu 2+ ions which act as luminescence centers. The experimental results reveal that the excitation and emission intensities for SS are better than SG due to higher calcination temperature, whereas the samples synthesized by wet chemical method have relatively regular morphology. (author)

  9. Synthesis and TL/OSL properties of a novel high-sensitive blue-emitting LiSrPO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor for radiation dosimetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palan, C.B.; Koparkar, K.A.; Omanwar, S.K. [Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Department of Physics, Amravati (India); Bajaj, N.S. [Toshniwal Arts, Commerce and Science College, Sengoan, Hingoli District, MH (India); Soni, A. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Mumbai (India)

    2016-07-15

    In this study, a series of Eu{sup 2+}-doped LiSrPO{sub 4} phosphors were synthesized via solid-state method. The structural and morphological characterizations were done through X-ray diffraction and scanning electronic microscope. Additionally, the photoluminescence (PL), thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) behaviours of LiSrPO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors were studied. The LiSrPO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor shows OSL sensitivity about 8 times than that of α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C phosphor and 6 times than that of LiMgPO{sub 4}:Tb{sup 3+}, B phosphor. Moreover, TL sensitivity was about 15 times more as compared to α-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C phosphor. The kinetic parameters of TL curve were calculated using peak shape method. In TL/OSL mode, dose-response was almost linear nature, in the range of measurement. The minimum detectable dose was found to be 25.18 μGy with 3σ of background. Also, reusability was also studies, which shows the phosphor can be reusable for 10 cycles with 0.1 % change in OSL output. (orig.)

  10. Provenancing fish in freshwaters of the Alpine Foreland using Sr/Ca and 87Sr/86Sr ratios in otoliths and otolith shape parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Oehm

    2015-12-01

    Although the studied freshwaters were located only in a 50 km range around lake Chiemsee on a similar geological background, differences in water chemistry, fish otolith chemistry and shape were identified. Species specific differences in reflection of the Sr/Ca ratio of a specific water body were detected. Microchemical and morphological otoliths analyses complemented each other and allowed assigning fish to specific groups of waters of origin. This information provides an important basis for the further application of otolith chemistry and shape analysis in the Alpine foreland for a diverse range of ecological questions.

  11. Blue to bluish-green tunable phosphor Sr2LiSiO4F:Ce3+,Tb3+ and efficient energy transfer for near-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie, Mubiao; Zeng, Lihua; Ye, TingLi; Yang, Xi; Zhu, Xianmei; Peng, Siyun; Lei, Lei

    2014-01-01

    Ce 3+ and Tb 3+ activated Sr 2 LiSiO 4 F phosphors were prepared by a solid state reaction technique at high temperature, and their ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectroscopic properties were investigated. Under ultraviolet light excitation, Ce 3+ -doped Sr 2 LiSiO 4 F phosphors emit blue light (420 nm), while Tb 3+ -doped phosphors show yellowish green emission. Efficient energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ ions in co-doped samples was confirmed in terms of corresponding excitation and emission spectra. The energy transfer mechanism between Ce 3+ and Tb 3+ was discussed and demonstrated to be dipole–dipole interaction in Sr 2 LiSiO 4 F:Ce 3+ ,Tb 3+ phosphors. Due to energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ , Ce 3+ and Tb 3+ co-doped Sr 2 LiSiO 4 F phosphors show intense absorption in near-UV region, and present tunable emission from blue to bluish green under 360 nm light excitation. The results indicate that these phosphors can be considered as candidates for white LEDs pumped by n-UV chips. (paper)

  12. Growth of congruently melting Ca0.59Sr0.41F2 crystals and study of their properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimov, D. N.; Komar'kova, O. N.; Sorokin, N. I.; Bezhanov, V. A.; Chernov, S. P.; Popov, P. A.; Sobolev, B. P.

    2010-05-01

    Homogeneous crystals of Ca0.59Sr0.41F2 alloy (sp. gr., Fm bar 3 m, a = 0.56057 nm), corresponding to the point of minimum in the melting curve in the CaF2-SrF2 phase diagram, have been grown by the vertical Bridgman method. The optical, mechanical, electrical, and thermophysical properties of Ca0.59Sr0.41F2 and MF2 crystals ( M = Ca, Sr) have been studied and comparatively analyzed. Ca0.59Sr0.41F2 crystals are transparent in the range of 0.133-11.5 μm, have refractive index n D = 1.436, microhardness H μ = 2.63 ± 0.10 GPa, ion conductivity σ = 5 × 10-5 S/cm at 825 K, and thermal conductivity k = 4.0 W m-1 K-1 at 300 K. It is shown that the optical properties of Ca0.59Sr0.41F2 crystals are intermediate between those of CaF2 and SrF2, whereas their mechanical and electrical characteristics are better than the latter compounds.

  13. The role of Sr2+ on the structure and reactivity of SrO-CaO-ZnO-SiO2 ionomer glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Daniel; Towler, Mark R; Watts, Sally; Hill, Robert G; Wren, Anthony W; Clarkin, Owen M

    2008-02-01

    The suitability of Glass Polyalkenoate Cements (GPCs) for use in orthopaedics is retarded by the presence in the glass phase of aluminium, a neurotoxin. Unfortunately, the aluminium ion plays an integral role in the setting process of GPCs and its absence is likely to hinder cement formation. However, the authors have previously shown that aluminium free GPCs may be formulated based on calcium zinc silicate glasses and these novel materials exhibit significant potential as hard tissue biomaterials. To further improve their potential, and given that Strontium (Sr) based drugs have had success in the treatment of osteoporosis, the authors have substituted Calcium (Ca) with Sr in the glass phase of a series of aluminium free GPCs. However to date little data exists on the effect SrO has on the structure and reactivity of SrO-CaO-ZnO-SiO(2) glasses. The objective of this work was to characterise the effect of the Ca/Sr substitution on the structure of such glasses, and evaluate the subsequent reactivity of these glasses with an aqueous solution of Polyacrylic acid (PAA). To this end (29)Si MAS-NMR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction, and network connectivity calculations, were used to characterize the structure of four strontium calcium zinc silicate glasses. Following glass characterization, GPCs were produced from each glass using a 40 wt% solution of PAA (powder:liquid = 2:1.5). The working times and setting times of the GPCs were recorded as per International standard ISO9917. The results acquired as part of this research indicate that the substitution of Ca for Sr in the glasses examined did not appear to significantly affect the structure of the glasses investigated. However it was noted that increasing the amount of Ca substituted for Sr did result in a concomitant increase in setting times, a feature that may be attributable to the higher basicity of SrO over CaO.

  14. Ca8NaY(PO4)6F2:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential color-tunable phosphor for white LEDs applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fen, Zhang; Wanjun, Tang

    2015-01-01

    Eu 2+ - and/or Mn 2+ -activated Ca 8 NaY(PO 4 ) 6 F 2 phosphors have been prepared via a combustion-assisted synthesis route. The powder X-ray diffraction measurement revealed that Ca 8 NaY(PO 4 ) 6 F 2 crystallized in a hexagonal crystal system with the space group P6 3 /m (176). The photoluminescence spectrum of the Eu 2+ single-doped phosphor shows a broad blue emission band peaking at 451 nm under the excitation of UV irradiation. The Eu 2+ -/Mn 2+ -codoped phosphors show a blue emission band and an orange emission band, and the corresponding CIE coordinates intuitively indicate the tunable colors from blue to yellow area. The energy transfer from the Eu 2+ to Mn 2+ ions is demonstrated to be a quadrupole-quadrupole mechanism in terms of the experimental results and analysis of PL spectra and decay curves of the phosphors. The developed phosphors can be efficiently excited in the UV region and exhibit a tunable white-light emission, making them attractive as single-component white-light-emitting conversion phosphors for UV-based white LEDs. (orig.)

  15. Distribution of stable traps for thermoluminescent processes in the phosphor SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedroza M, M.; Castaneda, B.; Arellano T, O.; Melendrez, R.; Barboza F, M.

    2007-01-01

    Full text: The phosphor of persistent luminescence (PLUM) SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ exhibits one thermoluminescence curve after exposing it to UV radiation. The curve is made up of a wide band with a maximum around 455 K. Starting from the experimental deconvolution method proposed by McKeever, it was solved the number of peaks in the TL curve and it was analyzed the position of each TL peak regarding to the cut temperature (T stop ). In this analysis five maximum TL peaks were observed (at the diagram T stop vs T max ) around the 319, 425, 457, 488 and 515 K. Also, its were also found two regions that correspond to an overlap of stable traps, the first one in the region of the 380 K at 415 K and the second of the 430 to 455 K. The existence of a distribution of stable traps can be evaluated from the curve T stop vs T max where this distribution of stable traps is presented as a monotonous lineal increase with the temperature, because the TL independent processes appear like horizontal lines exactly in the specific temperatures (319, 425, 457, 488 and 515 K) where its are liberated most of the trapped charges. Using the preheating method and initial increase for the peak in 455 K the trap depths are determined, being obtained the following values of the activation energy 0.28, 0.67, 1, 1.5 and 1.62 eV. An arrangement of stable traps plays a decisive role in the emission of the persistent luminescence. Likewise, it was determined that all the thermoluminescent processes were characterized by a re trapping of the charge, reason by which these processes followed a second order kinetics. The TL peak of low temperature 319 K is related with those electronic traps that the PLUM takes place in SrAl 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ and with the same recombination centers. The PLUM emissions and the TL are centered around 510 nm attributed to the electronic transition 4f 6 5d 1 →4f 7 corresponding to the Eu 2+ ion. In this work, it is explained the participation or contribution of the

  16. White light-emitting diodes (LEDs) using (oxy)nitride phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xie, R-J; Hirosaki, N; Sakuma, K; Kimura, N

    2008-01-01

    (Oxy)nitride phosphors have attracted great attention recently because they are promising luminescent materials for phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). This paper reports the luminescent properties of (oxy)nitride phosphors in the system of M-Si-Al-O-N (M = Li, Ca or Sr), and optical properties of white LEDs using a GaN-based blue LED and (oxy)nitride phosphors. The phosphors show high conversion efficiency of blue light, suitable emission colours and small thermal quenching. The bichromatic white LEDs exhibit high luminous efficacy (∼55 lm W -1 ) and the multi-phosphor converted white LEDs show high colour rendering index (Ra 82-95). The results indicate that (oxy)nitride phosphors demonstrate their superior suitability to use as down-conversion luminescent materials in white LEDs

  17. New Silicate Phosphors for a White LED(Electronic Displays)

    OpenAIRE

    Toda, Kenji; Kawakami, Yoshitaka; Kousaka, Shin-ichiro; Ito, Yutaka; Komeno, Akira; Uematsu, Kazuyoshi; Sato, Mineo

    2006-01-01

    We focus on the development of new silicate phosphors for a white LED. In the europium doped silicate system, four LED phosphor candidates-Li_2SrSiO_4:Eu^, Ba_9Sc_2Si_6O_:Eu^, Ca_3Si_2O_7:Eu^ and Ba_2MgSi_2O_7:Eu^ were found. Luminescent properties under near UV and visible excitation were investigated for the new Eu^ doped LED silicate phosphors. These new phosphors have a relatively strong absorption band in a long wavelength region.

  18. New colour centres in KCl:(Tl+ + Ca2+) and KCl:(Tl+ + Sr2+) crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ioan, A.; Topa, V.; Giurgea, M.

    1978-01-01

    Electrolytic colouring under unusual conditions (low temperature and high voltage) gives rise to the appearance of three new absorption bands peaking at 3.2, 2.5, and 1.7 eV and at 2.8, 2.1, and 1.5 eV in KCl:(Tl + + Ca 2+ ) and in KCl:(Tl + + Sr 2+ ) single crystals, respectively. The modifications of the absorption spectra of the coloured crystals induced by the application of a reversed electric field at the colouring temperature or by heat treatment are investigated. It is likely that the colour centre responsible for the new absorption bands is an aggregate centre which, besides an Tl - -complex, contains also at least an Ca(Sr) ion, a trapped electron, and an anionic vacancy. (author)

  19. Temperature dependent luminescence and energy transfer properties of Na2SrMg(PO4)2:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Dongling; Shang, Mengmeng; Zhang, Yang; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2013-11-21

    Eu(2+) singly and Eu(2+)/Mn(2+) co-doped Na2SrMg(PO4)2 (NSMP) phosphors have been prepared via a high-temperature solid-state reaction process. Upon UV excitation of 260-360 nm, the NSMP:xEu(2+) phosphors exhibit a violet band located at 399 nm and a blue band centered at 445 nm, which originate from Eu(2+) ions occupying two different crystallographic sites: Eu(2+)(I) and Eu(2+)(II), respectively. Excitation wavelengths longer than 380 nm can selectively excite Eu(2+)(II) to emit blue light. Energy transfer processes in the Eu(2+)(I)-Eu(2+)(II) and Eu(2+)-Mn(2+) pairs have been observed and investigated by luminescence spectra and decay curves. The emission color of as-prepared samples can be tuned by changing the relative concentrations of Eu(2+) and Mn(2+) ions and adjusting the excitation wavelength. Under UV excitation of 323 nm, the absolute quantum yield of NSMP:0.005Eu(2+) is 91%, which is higher than most of the other Eu(2+)-doped phosphors reported previously. The temperature dependent luminescence properties and decay curves (4.3-450 K) of NSMP:Eu(2+) and NSMP:Eu(2+), Mn(2+) phosphors have been studied in detail. Thermal quenching of Eu(2+) has been observed while the emission band of Mn(2+) shows a blue-shift and an abnormal increase of intensity with increasing temperature. The unusual thermal quenching behavior indicates that the NSMP compound can serve as a good lattice host for Mn(2+) ions which can be used as a red-emitting phosphor. Additionally, the lifetimes for Eu(2+)(I) and Eu(2+)(II) increase with increasing temperatures.

  20. Warm white light generation from single phase Sr3Y(PO4)3:Dy3+, Eu3+ phosphors with near ultraviolet excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huang, B.Y.; Feng, B.L.; Luo, L.; Han, C.L.; He, Y.T.; Qiu, Z.R.

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Novel single phase phosphors were synthesized in an ambient air atmosphere. • A direct band gap about 4.5 eV of the host is calculated for the first time. • It is suitable for near UV chip excitation. • It emits warm white light with better CIE and lower CCT over previous reports. • The thermal quenching is similar to that of YAG:0.06Ce 3+ commercial phosphor. - Abstract: Novel Sr 3 Y(PO 4 ) 3 :Dy 3+ , Eu 3+ (SYP:Dy 3+ , Eu 3+ ) phosphors were synthesized by a standard solid-state reaction under an ambient air atmosphere and their structural and optical properties were investigated. XRD and diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS) were used to explore structural properties. The former showed that single phase phosphors were obtained and that the rare earth ions entered into the cubic host by substituting the smaller Y 3+ ions and thereby enlarging the unit cell. The DRS indicated that the host has a direct bandgap of 4.5 eV. Under 393 nm excitation, a strong and stable warm white light emission with high color purity was achieved in SY 0.92 P:0.06Dy 3+ , 0.04Eu 3+ . The energy transfer from Dy 3+ to Eu 3+ ions was investigated and the related mechanism was discussed based on the optical spectra and emission decay curves. The thermal quenching of emission is similar to that of YAG:0.06Ce 3+ . The results show the single phase phosphor is potential in warm white LED.

  1. The synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel red-emitting phosphor: Eu3+-doped Ca9La(PO4)7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Zehui; Mu, Zhongfei; Wang, Qiang; Zhu, Daoyun; Wu, Fugen

    2017-10-01

    A series of novel red-emitting phosphors Ca9La1- x (PO4)7: xEu3+ were synthesized by high-temperature solid state reactions. The photoluminescence excitation and photoluminescence spectra of these phosphors were investigated in detail. O2--Eu3+ charge transfer band peaking at about 261 nm is dominant in the PLE spectra of Eu3+-doped Ca9La(PO4)7, indicating that the phosphors are suitable for tricolor fluorescent lamps. The phosphors also show a good absorption in near ultraviolet (around 395 nm) and blue (around 465 nm) spectral region, which indicates that it can be pumped with NUV and blue chips for white light-emitting diodes. The transition of 5D0 → 7F2 of Eu3+ in this lattice can emit bright red light. Ca9La(PO4)7 could accommodate a large amount of Eu3+ with an optimal concentration of 60 mol%. The dipole-dipole interaction between Eu3+ is the dominant mechanism for concentration quenching of Eu3+. The calculated color coordinates lie in red region ( x = 0.64, y = 0.36), which is close to Y2O3: 0.05Eu3+ ( x = 0.65, y = 0.34). The integral emission intensity of Ca9La0.4(PO4)7: 0.6Eu3+ is 1.9 times stronger than that of widely used commercial red phosphor Y2O3: 0.05Eu3+. All these results indicate that Eu3+-doped Ca9La(PO4)7 is a promising red-emitting phosphor which can be used in tricolor fluorescent lamps and white light-emitting diodes.

  2. Formation peculiarities of superconducting Bi-Sr-Ca -cuprates from glass ceramic quenched melts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furmakova, O.E.; Zinov'ev, S.Yu.; Glushkova, V.B.; Bugakov, A.G.; Sulejmanov, S.Kh.

    1992-01-01

    Specimens of varying composition of the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system, X-ray amorphous Alakes and glass ceramic ingots were prepared by means of different rate quenching of melts. Crystallization temperatures of flakes were determined and sequence of phase formation in both types of specimens during annealing was studied. Microstructure and distribution of elements by volume of specimen in initial and annealed ingot were investigated

  3. Ac susceptibility studies on Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chakravarti, Arani; Mukherjee, C.D.; Ranganathan, R.; Chatterjee, N.; Raychaudhuri, A.K.

    1991-01-01

    We report the low a.c. susceptibility data χ'(T,Hsub(rms)), χsup(double inverted commas)(T,Hsub(rms)) for the newly prepared superconducting system Bi x Sr 4 Ca 2 Cu 4 O y (x=0.5, 1.0 and 1.5) containing Bi at concentrations lower than that in the conventional Bi-based system. The experimental results are discussed in the light of existing theories. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs

  4. Electronic structure of single crystalline Bi2(Sr,Ca,La)3Cu2O8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lindberg, P.A.P.; Shen, Z.X.; Dessau, D.S.; Wells, B.O.; Borg, A.; Mitzi, D.B.; Lindau, I.; Spicer, W.E.; Kapitulnik, A.

    1989-01-01

    Angle-resolved photoemission experiments on single crystals of Bi 2 (Sr,Ca,La) 3 Cu 2 O 8 are reported. The data show a dispersionless behavior of the valence band states as a function of the perpendicular component of the wave vector (along the c-axis), while as a function of the parallel component (in the a-b plane) clear dispersion occurs. Furthermore, polarization-dependent excitations reveal information on the symmetry of the unoccupied states

  5. Resistive and magnetoresistive properties of BiSrCaCuO granulated films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mal'tsev, V.A.; Kulikovskij, A.V.; Kustikov, E.V.; Morozov, D.Yu.; Sokolov, Yu.S.

    1995-01-01

    Transport properties of superconducting bridges produced by laser etching of granulated films BiSrCaCuO have been studied. Analysis of nonlinear voltammetric characteristics of the bridges permits making the conclusion on the change in the character of conductivity (two-dimensional-three dimensional system), when approaching the critical point. Measurements of magnetoresistance of the samples suggest a possibility of application of high-temperature superconducting bridges in Bi-system as sensors of weak magnetic fields. 11 refs.; 4 figs

  6. Fabrication and Film Qualification of Sr Modified Pb(Ca) TiO3 Thin Films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naw Hla Myat San; Khin Aye Thwe; Than Than Win; Yin Maung Maung; Ko Ko Kyaw Soe

    2011-12-01

    Strontium and calcium - modified lead titanate (Pb0.7 Ca0.15 Sr0.15 ) TiO3 (PCST)thin films were prepared by using spin coating technique. Phase transition of PCST was interpreted by means of Er-T characteristics. Process temperature dependence on micro-structure of PCST film was studied. Charge conduction mechanism of PCST thin film was also investigated for film qualification.

  7. Flux creep in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 epitaxial films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeldov, E.; Amer, N.M.; Koren, G.; Gupta, A.

    1990-01-01

    We incorporate the experimentally deduced flux line potential well structure into the flux creep model. Application of this approach to the resistive transition in Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 epitaxial films explains the power law voltage-current characteristics and the nonlinear current dependence of the activation energy. The results cannot be accounted for by a transition into a superconducting vortex-glass phase

  8. Microstructure of laser floating zone (LFZ) textured (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuente, G.F. de la; Ruiz, M.T.; Sotelo, A.; Larrea, A.; Navarro, R.

    1993-01-01

    Directionally solidified high temperature superconducting (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O pure ceramics and composites were obtained using a laser floating zone (LFZ) apparatus. The presence of secondary non-superconducting and metallic phases as well as their solidification habit have been analysed. The influence of the LFZ growth conditions and the precursor composition on the microstructure of the final products was studied using optical and electron microscopies. (orig.)

  9. Superconductivity in volumetric and film ceramics Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sukhanov, A A; Ozmanyan, Kh R; Sandomirskij, B B

    1988-07-10

    A superconducting transition with T/sub c0/=82-95 K and T/sub c/(R=0)=82-72 K was observed in volumetric and film Bi(Sr/sub 1-x/Ca/sub x/)/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub y/ samples obtained by solid-phase reaction. Temperature dependences of resistance critical current and magnetic susceptibility are measured.

  10. Tunable luminescence in Bi{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} co-doped Sr{sub 3}AlO{sub 4}F Oxyfluorides phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noh, Minhee [Center for Green Fusion Technology and Department of Engineering in Energy & Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, So-Hye [Center for Materials Architecturing, Institute of Multidisciplinary Convergence of Materials, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Sangmoon, E-mail: spark@silla.ac.kr [Center for Green Fusion Technology and Department of Engineering in Energy & Applied Chemistry, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Luminescent materials composed of Sr{sub 3−3(m+n)/2}Bi{sub m}Eu{sub n}AlO{sub 4}F (m=0.001–0.05, n=0–0.1) were prepared by the solid-state reaction method. The excitation and emission spectra of Sr{sub 3−3m/2}Bi{sub m}AlO{sub 4}F (m=0.001–0.05) were investigated using photoluminescence spectroscopy; broad-band emission peaks owing to the {sup 3}P{sub 1}→{sup 1}S{sub 0} transitions of the Bi{sup 3+} activator were observed centered near 427 nm. Critical emission quenching, as a function of Bi{sup 3+} content in Sr{sub 3−3m/2}Bi{sub m}AlO{sub 4}F, was observed at relatively low concentrations of the activator. The quantum efficiency of Sr{sub 2.985}Bi{sub 0.01}AlO{sub 4}F in comparison with sodium salicylate was explored. When Sr{sup 2+} ions in the oxyfluoride host were replaced by Bi{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions, the effective s{sup 2}–sp and f–f transitions of the Bi{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions, respectively, were simultaneously observed. The diverse excitation and emission photoluminescence spectra and color CIE coordinates, as well as the blue to orange-red emission, obtained using Sr{sub 3−3(m+n)/2}Bi{sub m}Eu{sub n}AlO{sub 4}F (m=0–0.05, n=0–0.1) phosphors are also discussed. - Highlights: • Sr{sub 3−3(m+n)/2}Bi{sub m}Eu{sub n}AlO{sub 4}F (m=0.001–0.05, n=0–0.1) phosphors was prepared. • Emission owing to the {sup 3}P{sub 1}→{sup 1}S{sub 0} transitions of the Bi{sup 3+} activator was observed. • Quantum efficiency of Sr{sub 2.985}Bi{sub 0.01}AlO{sub 4}F was explored. • s{sup 2}–sp and f–f transitions of the Bi{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions were simultaneously observed. • CIE values including the emissions from blue to red regions were achieved.

  11. Studies on the luminescence properties of CaZrO3:Eu3+ phosphors prepared by the solid state reaction method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishwar Prasad Sahu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available CaZrO3:xEu3+ (x = 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mol% phosphors were successfully prepared by a solid state reaction method. The crystal structure of sintered phosphors was hexagonal phase with space group of Pm-3m. The near ultra-violet (NUV excitation, emission spectra of the CaZrO3:xEu3+ phosphors were composed of sharp line emission associated with the transitions from the excited states 5D0 to the ground state 7Fj (j = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 of Eu3+. The results indicated that CaZrO3:xEu3+ might become an important orange-red phosphor candidate for use in white light emitting diodes (WLEDs with near-UV LED chips. The mechanoluminescence (ML intensity increases linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston, suggesting that the sintered phosphors can also be useful as a stress sensor.

  12. Enhanced luminescence in Mg{sup 2+} codoped CaTiO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor prepared by solid state reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vandana, C. Sai; Rudramadevi, B. Hemalatha [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517 502 (India)

    2016-05-23

    CaTiO{sub 3} phosphors doped with Eu{sup 3+} and codoped with Mg{sup 2+} were prepared by Solid State Reaction method. The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, SEM with EDS, Raman scattering, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The Crystalline phase and vibrational modes of the phosphors were studied using XRD pattern and Raman Spectrum respectively. The morphological studies of the phosphor samples were carried out using SEM analysis. From PL spectra we have observed two prominent red emission peaks around at 595 nm ({sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 1}), 619 nm ({sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 2}) with the excitation of 399 nm for Eu{sup 3+} doped CaTiO{sub 3} powders. The PL intensity of CaTiO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor is enhanced significantly on codoping with Mg{sup 2+}. The observed enhanced emissions are due to energy transfer from Mg{sup 2+} to Eu{sup 3+}, which is due to radiative recombination. Eu{sup 3+} doped phosphors are well known to be promising materials for electroluminescent devices, optical amplifiers, and lasers.

  13. The transfer of 45Ca, 85Sr and 140Ba from mother to newborn in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taylor, D.M.; Bligh, P.H.

    1992-01-01

    Comparative studies of the transfer of 45 Ca, 85 Sr and 140 Ba from mother to offspring were made in August rats following intravenous injection of the radionuclides either during gestation or 40 to 90 days prior to mating. Immediately following parturition, and before suckling could begin, the newborn rats were removed from the dam and killed. For each radionuclide the percentage of the initial maternal activity transferred to individual offspring decreased exponentially with time between injection and parturition with a mean half-time of 3.1 ± 0.7 (SD) days. Transfer ratios measured in rats injected either during or prior to gestation were similar and could be described by the rounded values Ca: Sr: Ba = 1.00: 0.4:0.2. Placental transfer ratios were not significantly different from those for gastrointestinal absorption of the three radionuclides, plus 226 Ra, in adult rats of the same strain. For humans transfer ratios from mother to baby of Ca: Sr: Ba: Ra = 1.0: 0.6: 0.4: 0.4 are suggested. (author)

  14. Preliminary results of Sr:Ca ratios of Coilia nasus in otoliths by micro-PIXE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhong, L.; Guo, H.; Shen, H.; Li, X.; Tang, W.; Liu, J.; Jin, J.; Mi, Y.

    2007-01-01

    Coilia nasus, distributed in Changjiang River as well as northwest Pacific, has a high economic value owing to its delicacy and nutritional value. Recently, the fishing yields in Changjiang River have decreased dramatically due to excessive fishing and changes in the aquatic ecology. In order to prevent excessive fishing effectively, the life history pattern of C. nasus should be known in detail. Ootoliths contain much information about a fish's life history, because elemental concentrations remain unaltered after deposition, and can be analysed. C. nasus collected from Jing Jiang (lower reaches of the Changjiang River) and Jiu Duan Sha (the estuary of the Changjiang River) were studied by measuring Sr:Ca ratios in their otoliths using micro-PIXE. On average, the Sr:Ca ratios of estuarine C. nasus were found to be higher. The Sr:Ca ratios were higher in the core regions and lower in the outermost marginal regions, and shows fluctuations in certain regions. Possible corresponding life history patterns are discussed

  15. Selective resputtering of bismuth in sputtered Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, J. M.; McDonald, D. B.; Reiten, M. T.; Olson, J.; Kampwirth, R. T.; Gray, K. E.

    1991-10-01

    We present studies using a dc magnetron in an on-axis configuration to sputter Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films from a composite target. These studies show that bismuth can be preferentially resputtered. The influence of ozone, molecular oxygen, and total pressure on the resputtering of bismuth is investigated and discussed. Ozone, in low concentrations, can dramatically affect the degree of resputtering. By comparing the effects of molecular oxygen and ozone, some insight is gained regarding the possible mechanisms of negative ion formation in the magnetron environment. Based on our results we suggest that molecular oxygen can bring about resputtering primarily by forming O+2, which collides with the target to produce energetic negative oxygen ions. In contrast, ozone may form negative ions by electron impact in the dark space above the target, giving rise to lower-energy negative ions, which can traverse the plasma unneutralized and can be stopped with an applied bias on the sample block. With no added oxidant, negative oxygen ions from the target oxygen may dominate the background resputtering. Similarity is found between our results and those for similar studies on Y-Ba-Cu-O by other workers. Bismuth in Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O behaves as barium in Y-Ba-Cu-O with regards to preferential resputtering; furthermore, the response of strontium, calcium, and copper to oxygen in sputtered Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O is similar to what is observed for copper in Y-Ba-Cu-O.

  16. Selective resputtering of bismuth in sputtered Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grace, J.M.; McDonald, D.B.; Reiten, M.T.; Olson, J.; Kampwirth, R.T.; Gray, K.E.

    1991-01-01

    We present studies using a dc magnetron in an on-axis configuration to sputter Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O films from a composite target. These studies show that bismuth can be preferentially resputtered. The influence of ozone, molecular oxygen, and total pressure on the resputtering of bismuth is investigated and discussed. Ozone, in low concentrations, can dramatically affect the degree of resputtering. By comparing the effects of molecular oxygen and ozone, some insight is gained regarding the possible mechanisms of negative ion formation in the magnetron environment. Based on our results we suggest that molecular oxygen can bring about resputtering primarily by forming O + 2 , which collides with the target to produce energetic negative oxygen ions. In contrast, ozone may form negative ions by electron impact in the dark space above the target, giving rise to lower-energy negative ions, which can traverse the plasma unneutralized and can be stopped with an applied bias on the sample block. With no added oxidant, negative oxygen ions from the target oxygen may dominate the background resputtering. Similarity is found between our results and those for similar studies on Y-Ba-Cu-O by other workers. Bismuth in Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O behaves as barium in Y-Ba-Cu-O with regards to preferential resputtering; furthermore, the response of strontium, calcium, and copper to oxygen in sputtered Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O is similar to what is observed for copper in Y-Ba-Cu-O

  17. Unique antitumor property of the Mg-Ca-Sr alloys with addition of Zn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yuanhao; He, Guanping; Zhang, Yu; Liu, Yang; Li, Mei; Wang, Xiaolan; Li, Nan; Li, Kang; Zheng, Guan; Zheng, Yufeng; Yin, Qingshui

    2016-02-01

    In clinical practice, tumor recurrence and metastasis after orthopedic prosthesis implantation is an intensely troublesome matter. Therefore, to develop implant materials with antitumor property is extremely necessary and meaningful. Magnesium (Mg) alloys possess superb biocompatibility, mechanical property and biodegradability in orthopedic applications. However, whether they possess antitumor property had seldom been reported. In recent years, it showed that zinc (Zn) not only promote the osteogenic activity but also exhibit good antitumor property. In our present study, Zn was selected as an alloying element for the Mg-1Ca-0.5Sr alloy to develop a multifunctional material with antitumor property. We investigated the influence of the Mg-1Ca-0.5Sr-xZn (x = 0, 2, 4, 6 wt%) alloys extracts on the proliferation rate, cell apoptosis, migration and invasion of the U2OS cell line. Our results show that Zn containing Mg alloys extracts inhibit the cell proliferation by alteration the cell cycle and inducing cell apoptosis via the activation of the mitochondria pathway. The cell migration and invasion property were also suppressed by the activation of MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) pathway. Our work suggests that the Mg-1Ca-0.5Sr-6Zn alloy is expected to be a promising orthopedic implant in osteosarcoma limb-salvage surgery for avoiding tumor recurrence and metastasis.

  18. Thermal expansion behaviour in the oxygen deficient perovskites Sr2BSbO5.5 (B=Ca, Sr, Ba). Competing effects of water and oxygen ordering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Qingdi; Kennedy, Brendan J.; Avdeev, Maxim

    2011-01-01

    Neutron diffractions studies reveal the presence of oxygen disorder in the oxygen deficient perovskites Sr 2 BSbO 5.5 (B=Ca, Sr, Ba). Synchrotron X-ray studies demonstrate that these oxides have a double perovskite-type structure with the cell size increasing as the size of the B cation increases from 8.2114(2) A for B=Ca to 8.4408(1) A for B=Ba. It is postulated that a combination of local clustering of the anions and vacancies together with water-water and water-host hydrogen bonds plays a role in defining the volume of the encapsulated water clusters and that changes in the local structure upon heating result in anomalous thermal expansion observed in variable temperature diffraction measurements. - Graphical abstract: The oxides Sr 2 BSbO 5.5 (B=Ca, Sr, Ba) have unusual anion disorder. There is a lag in the contraction in the cell size of Sr 2 CaSbO 5.5 nH 2 O established from X-ray diffraction measurements following the loss of water suggesting changes on the local structure are important. Highlights: → The average structures of the defect perovskites Sr 2 MSbO 5.5 established. → Anion and cation disorder quantified by neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. → Anomalous thermal expansion due to local clustering of anions and vacancies observed.

  19. Novel yellow-emitting Sr8MgLn(PO4)7:Eu2+ (Ln=Y, La) phosphors for applications in white LEDs with excellent color rendering index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chien-Hao; Chen, Teng-Ming

    2011-06-20

    Eu(2+)-activated Sr(8)MgY(PO(4))(7) and Sr(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7) yellow-emitting phosphors were successfully synthesized by solid-state reactions for applications in excellent color rendering index white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The excitation and reflectance spectra of these phosphors show broad band excitation and absorption in the 250-450 nm near-ultraviolet region, which is ascribed to the 4f(7) → 4f(6)5d(1) transitions of Eu(2+). Therefore, these phosphors meet the application requirements for near-UV LED chips. Upon excitation at 400 nm, the Sr(8)MgY(PO(4))(7):Eu(2+) and Sr(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7):Eu(2+) phosphors exhibit strong yellow emissions centered at 518, 610, and 611 nm with better thermal stability than (Ba,Sr)(2)SiO(4) (570 nm) commodity phosphors. The composition-optimized concentrations of Eu(2+) in Sr(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7):Eu(2+) and Sr(8)MgY(PO(4))(7):Eu(2+) phosphors were determined to be 0.01 and 0.03 mol, respectively. A warm white-light near-UV LED was fabricated using a near-UV 400 nm chip pumped by a phosphor blend of blue-emitting BaMgAl(10)O(17):Eu(2+) and yellow-emitting Sr(8)MgY(PO(4))(7):0.01Eu(2+) or Sr(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7):0.03Eu(2+), driven by a 350 mA current. The Sr(8)MgY(PO(4))(7):0.01Eu(2+) and Sr(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7):0.03Eu(2+) containing LEDs produced a white light with Commission International de I'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates of (0.348, 0.357) and (0.365, 0.328), warm correlated color temperatures of 4705 and 4100 K, and excellent color rendering indices of 95.375 and 91.75, respectively. © 2011 American Chemical Society

  20. Kinetics on Demand Is a Simple Mathematical Solution that Fits Recorded Caffeine-Induced Luminal SR Ca2+ Changes in Smooth Muscle Cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma C Perez-Rosas

    Full Text Available The process of Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR comprises 4 phases in smooth muscle cells. Phase 1 is characterized by a large increase of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i with a minimal reduction of the free luminal SR [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]FSR. Importantly, active SR Ca2+ ATPases (SERCA pumps are necessary for phase 1 to occur. This situation cannot be explained by the standard kinetics that involves a fixed amount of luminal Ca2+ binding sites. A new mathematical model was developed that assumes an increasing SR Ca2+ buffering capacity in response to an increase of the luminal SR [Ca2+] that is called Kinetics-on-Demand (KonD model. This approach can explain both phase 1 and the refractory period associated with a recovered [Ca2+]FSR. Additionally, our data suggest that active SERCA pumps are a requisite for KonD to be functional; otherwise luminal SR Ca2+ binding proteins switch to standard kinetics. The importance of KonD Ca2+ binding properties is twofold: a more efficient Ca2+ release process and that [Ca2+]FSR and Ca2+-bound to SR proteins ([Ca2+]BSR can be regulated separately allowing for Ca2+ release to occur (provided by Ca2+-bound to luminal Ca2+ binding proteins without an initial reduction of the [Ca2+]FSR.

  1. Color point tuning for (Sr,Ca,Ba)Si2O2N2:Eu2+ for white light LEDs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bachmann, V.M.; Ronda, R.C.; Meijerink, A.; Oeckler, O.; Schnick, W.

    2009-01-01

    Color point tuning is an important challenge for improving white light LEDs. In this paper, the possibilities of color tuning with the efficient LED phosphor Sr1-x-y-zCaxBaySi2O2N2:Euz 2+ (0 e x, y e 1; 0.005 e z e 0.16) are investigated. The emission color can be tuned in two ways: by changing Eu2+

  2. Luminescent properties of CaTiO3:Pr thin-film phosphor deposited on ZnO/ITO/glass substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chung, Sung Mook; Han, Sang Hyuk; Song, Kuk Hyun; Kim, Eung Soo; Kim, Young Jin

    2005-01-01

    Red-emitting CaTiO 3 :Pr phosphor thin films were deposited on glass, ZnO/ITO/glass, and ITO/glass substrates by RF magnetron sputtering. The effects of various substrates and heat treatment on the structural and luminous properties were investigated. The films deposited on ZnO/ITO/glass exhibited superior crystallinity and more enhanced PL and CL properties compared with those on ITO/glass. The intermediate ZnO layer between phosphor film and ITO contributed to the growing behaviors and the roughening of CaTiO 3 :Pr phosphor thin films, and consequently, to the excellent luminescence. The luminescent properties of the films were improved by following heat-treatment due to a combination of factors, namely the transformation from amorphous to poly crystalline phases, the activation of the activators, and the elimination of microdefects

  3. Photocatalytic characteristics for the nanocrystalline TiO{sub 2} on the Ag-doped CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:(Eu,Nd) phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung-Sik, E-mail: jskim@uos.ac.kr; Sung, Hyun-Je; Kim, Bum-Joon

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • The photocatalytic reactivity of the TiO{sub 2}-coated on the Ag-doped long-lasting phosphor (CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+},Nd{sup 3+}). • The photodecomposition of benzene gas under visible light irradiation. • The TiO{sub 2}-coated on the Ag-doped long-lasting phosphor showed much higher photocatalytic reactivity. • The light emitted from the long-lasting phosphors contributed to the photo generation of TiO{sub 2}. - Abstract: This study investigated the photocatalytic behavior of nanocrystalline TiO{sub 2} deposited on Ag-doped long-lasting phosphor (CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+},Nd{sup 3+}). The CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+},Nd{sup 3+} phosphor powders were prepared via conventional sintering using CaCO{sub 3}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} as raw materials according to the appropriate molar ratios. Silver nanoparticles were loaded on the phosphor by mixing with an aqueous Ag-dispersion solution. Nanocrystalline TiO{sub 2} was deposited on Ag-doped CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+},Nd{sup 3+} powders via low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD). The TiO{sub 2} coated on the phosphor was actively photo-reactive under irradiation with visible light and showed much faster benzene degradation than pure TiO{sub 2}, which is almost non-reactive. The coupling of TiO{sub 2} with phosphor may result in an energy band bending in the junction region, which then induces the TiO{sub 2} crystal at the interface to be photo-reactive under irradiation with visible light. In addition, the intermetallic compound of CaTiO{sub 3} that formed at the interface between TiO{sub 2} and the CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:(Eu{sup 2+},Nd{sup 3+}) phosphor results in the formation of oxygen vacancies and additional electrons that promote the photodecomposition of benzene gas. The addition of Ag nanoparticles enhanced the photocatalytic reactivity of the TiO{sub 2}/CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+},Nd{sup 3+} phosphor. TiO{sub 2} on the Ag

  4. Synthesis and Photoluminescence Properties of Ca2Ga2SiO7:Eu(3+) Red Phosphors with an Intense (5)D0 → (7)F4 Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrh, Gaganpreet Kaur; Gautier, Romain; Latouche, Camille; Jobic, Stéphane; Serier-Brault, Hélène

    2016-09-19

    Novel melilite-type Ca2Ga2SiO7:Eu(3+) red-emitting phosphors with different Eu(3+) contents were synthesized via high-temperature solid-state reaction. The crystal structure, optical absorption, and photoluminescence properties were investigated, while density functional theory calculations were performed on the host lattice. The excitation spectra indicate that phosphors can be effectively excited by near-UV light for a potential application in white-light-emitting diodes. Because of the abnormally high intensity emission at about 700 nm arising from the (5)D0 → (7)F4 transition of Eu(3+), the phosphors Ca2Ga2SiO7:Eu(3+) show a deep-red emission with chromaticity coordinates (0.639, 0.358).

  5. Synthesis and effect of Ce and Mn co-doping on photoluminescence characteristics of Ca6AlP5O20:Eu novel phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinde, K N; Dhoble, S J

    2013-01-01

    A series of Ca6AlP5O20 doped with rare earths (Eu and Ce) and co-doped (Eu, Ce and Eu,Mn) were prepared by combustion synthesis. Under Hg-free excitation, Ca6AlP5O20:Eu exhibited Eu(2+) (486 nm) emission in the blue region of the spectrum and under near Hg excitation (245 nm), Ca6AlP5O20:Ce phosphor exhibited Ce(3+) emission (357 nm) in the UV range. Photoluminescence (PL) peak intensity increased in Ca6AlP5O20:Eu,Ce and Ca6AlP5O20:Eu, Mn phosphors due to co-activators of Ce(3+) and Mn(2+) ions. As a result, these ions played an important role in PL emission in the present matrix. Ca6AlP5O20:Eu, Ce and Ca6AlP5O20:Eu, Mn phosphors provided energy transfer mechanisms via Ce(3+) → Eu(2+) and Eu(2+) → Mn(2+), respectively. Eu ions acted as activators and Ce ions acted as sensitizers. Ce emission energy was well matched with Eu excitation energy in the case of Ca6AlP5O20:Eu, Ce and Eu ions acted as activators and Mn ions acted as sensitizers in Ca6AlP5O20:Eu, Mn. This study included synthesis of new and efficient phosphate phosphors. The impact of doping and co-doping on photoluminescence properties and energy transfer mechanisms were investigated and we propose a feasible interpretation. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Luminescence and energy transfer of Tm3+ or/and Dy3+ co-doped in Sr3Y(PO4)3 phosphors with UV excitation for WLEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Jiyou; Wang, Jianbo; Duan, Ping

    2014-01-01

    Powder samples Sr 3 Y 1−x−y (PO 4 ) 3 :xTm 3+ -yDy 3+ were synthesized by the conventional solid-state reaction method. By appropriate tuning of activator content, the emission color can be adjusted around blue to white and yellow. It was discovered that the energy transfer from Tm 3+ to Dy 3+ was demonstrated to be via the intensity of Dy 3+ emission increase with the increase of Tm 3+ concentration. By changing the doping concentration of Tm 3+ and Dy 3+ in Sr 3 Y(PO 4 ) 3 , white-emitting phosphors are produced by 350 nm excitation wavelength, their corresponding color coordinates are very close to the white color chromaticity coordinates (x=0.33, y=0.33). Finally, Sr 3 Y 1−x−y (PO 4 ) 3 :xTm 3+ −yDy 3+ phosphors could be a good promising single-component white light-emitting UV-convertible phosphor in the field of white LEDs. -- Highlights: • The Sr 3 Y 1−x−y (PO 4 ) 3 :xTm 3+ −yDy 3+ phosphors were synthesized by the conventional solid-state reaction method. • The energy transfer in between Tm 3+ and Dy 3+ was observed and explained. • The phosphors can be efficiently excited by a UV light. • The Sr 3 Y 1−x−y (PO 4 ) 3 :xTm 3+ -yDy 3+ phosphor could be a better candidate white phosphor for UV W-LEDs

  7. Synthesis and tunable luminescence properties of Eu2+ and Tb3+-activated Na2Ca4(PO4)3F phosphors based on energy transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou, Jun; Xia, Zhiguo; You, Hongpeng; Shen, Kai; Yang, Mengxia; Liao, Libing

    2013-01-01

    A series of color-tunable blue–green emitting Na 2 Ca 4 (PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu 2+ ,Tb 3+ phosphors were prepared by a high temperature solid-state reaction. Their luminescence properties reveal that there is an efficient energy transfer from Eu 2+ to Tb 3+ ions via a dipole–quadrupole mechanism where Eu 2+ ions exhibit a strong excitation band in near ultraviolet (UV) region, matching well with the dominant emission band of near UV (350–420 nm) LED chips, and Eu 2+ and Tb 3+ ions can give characteristic blue and green emission light. The varied color of the phosphors from blue to green can be achieved by properly tuning the relative ratio of Eu 2+ to Tb 3+ dopant through the energy transfer from Eu 2+ to Tb 3+ ions. Thermal quenching luminescence results reveal that Na 2 Ca 4 (PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu 2+ ,Tb 3+ exhibits good thermal stability. These results demonstrate that Tb 3+ ion with low 4f–4f absorption efficiency in near UV region can play the role of an activator in narrow green-emitting phosphor through efficient energy feeding by allowing 4f–5d absorption of Eu 2+ with high oscillator strength. The present Eu 2+ –Tb 3+ codoped Na 2 Ca 4 (PO 4 ) 3 F phosphor will have potential application for the near UV white LEDs. - Highlights: ► Color-tunable blue–green Na 2 Ca 4 (PO 4 ) 3 F:Eu 2+ ,Tb 3+ phosphors were prepared. ► Eu 2+ –Tb 3+ energy transfer process and mechanism discussed. ► Thermal quenching properties of blue and green phosphors were studied.

  8. Novel green-emitting Na2CaPO4F:Eu2+ phosphors for near-ultraviolet white light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huang, Chien-Hao; Chen, Yen-Chi; Kuo, Te-Wen; Chen, Teng-Ming

    2011-01-01

    In this study, green-emitting Na 2 CaPO 4 F:Eu 2+ phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reactions. The excitation spectra of the phosphors showed a broad hump between 250 and 450 nm; the spectra match well with the near-ultraviolet (NUV) emission spectra of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The emission spectrum showed an intense broad emission band centered at 506 nm. White LEDs were fabricated by integrating a 390 nm NUV chip comprising blue-emitting BaMgAl 10 O 17 :Eu 2+ , green-emitting Na 2 CaPO 4 F:0.02 Eu 2+ , and red-emitting CaAlSiN 3 :Eu 2+ phosphors into a single package; the white LEDs exhibited white light with a correlated color temperature of 5540 K, a color-rendering index of 90.75, and color coordinates (0.332, 0.365) close to those of ideal white light. - Highlights: → Novel green-emitting Na 2 CaPO 4 F:Eu 2+ phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reactions in this research. → White LEDs were fabricated by integrating a 390 nm NUV chip comprising blue-emitting BaMgAl 10 O 17 :Eu 2+ , green-emitting Na 2 CaPO 4 F:0.02Eu 2+ , and red-emitting CaAlSiN 3 :Eu 2+ phosphors into a single package. → The white LEDs exhibited white light with a correlated color temperature of 5540 K, a color-rendering index of 90.75, and color coordinates (0.332, 0.365) close to those of ideal white light.

  9. Method of making Tl-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide superconductors comprising heating at elevated pressures in a sealed container

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lechtev, W.L.; Osofsky, M.S.; Skelton, E.F.; Toth, L.E.

    1992-01-01

    This patent describes a method of forming a Tl-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide high T c superconductor. It comprises forming a reaction mixture of the oxides of Sr, Cu, Ca, and Tl in stoichiometric proportions to make a Tl-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide high T c superconducting compound; compressing the reaction mixture into a hard body; placing the hard body into a container for containing thallium vapor; evacuating and sealing the hard body in the container; heating the hard body and the container at a temperature of about 800 degrees C to about 950 degrees C and under pressure of at least about 30,000 psi until the container metal around the hard body and the oxides of Tl, Sr, Ca, and Cu react to form a superconducting compound; and cooling the superconducting compound to room temperature and returning the superconducting compound to atmospheric pressure

  10. Specific heat (1-330K), magnetic susceptiblity and Meissner effect Bi-(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Junod, A.; Eckert, D.; Triscone, G.; Brunner, O.; Muller, J.; Zhao, Z.

    1989-01-01

    Five samples in the Bi 2 - y Pb y Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 + x system selected for their sharp diamagnetic transitions are characterized with particular emphasis on the specific heat. The behavior of the magnetic susceptibility upon doping with holes (Pb) is similar to that of the La 1 - y Sr y CuO 4 system

  11. Raman scattering spectra of superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kirillov, D.; Bozovic, I.; Geballe, T.H.; Kapitulnik, A.; Mitzi, D.B.

    1988-01-01

    Raman spectra of Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 single crystals with superconducting phase-transition temperature of 90 K have been studied. The spectra contained phonon lines and electronic continuum. Phonon energies and polarization selection rules were measured. A gap in the electronic continuum spectrum was observed in a superconducting state. Noticeable similarity between Raman spectra of Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 and YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 was found

  12. Raman scattering spectra of superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirillov, D.; Bozovic, I.; Geballe, T. H.; Kapitulnik, A.; Mitzi, D. B.

    1988-12-01

    Raman spectra of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals with superconducting phase-transition temperature of 90 K have been studied. The spectra contained phonon lines and electronic continuum. Phonon energies and polarization selection rules were measured. A gap in the electronic continuum spectrum was observed in a superconducting state. Noticeable similarity between Raman spectra of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 and YBa2Cu3O7 was found.

  13. Dose effects on the long persistent luminescence properties of beta irradiated SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedroza-Montero, M.; Castaneda, B.; Gil-Tolano, M.I.; Arellano-Tanori, O.; Melendrez, R.; Barboza-Flores, M.

    2010-01-01

    The SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ is a phosphor characterized by a long persistent luminescence (PLUM) when it is excited with UV-VIS light and ionizing radiation. In this paper, we study the PLUM behavior as a function of beta irradiation dose in the 0-650 Gy range with a fixed dose rate of 5 Gy/min. The PLUM intensity showed a complex decay behavior, exhibiting a near linear response in the 0-1.7 Gy low dose range and gradually increasing up to 160 Gy. The PLUM reached the saturation for higher doses (>275 Gy) with a slight decrease in the range of 300-650 Gy. In addition, a systematic PLUM enhancement was produced after a thermal cleaning procedure and irradiation at RT in a series of 10 cycles. The observed phenomenon may be related to a radiation-induced process of charge trapping accumulation, which is triggered by thermal stimulation during the irradiation stage. It improves the luminescent characteristics of SrAl 2 O 4 :Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ phosphors rendering them suitable for permanent display and illumination devices.

  14. EFFECT OF ALKALINE IONS ON THE PHASE EVOLUTION, PHOTOLUMINESCENCE, AND AFTERGLOW PROPERTIES OF SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+ PHOSPHOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HYUNHO SHIN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A series of SrAl2O4: Eu2+, Dy3+ long-afterglow (LAG phosphors with varying concentration of Li+, Na+ and K+, has been synthesized. The increased concentration of the three types of alkaline ions does not decrease the quantity of the total luminescent phases (SrAl2O4 plus Sr4Al14O25, but a different set of secondary phases has been evoluted for the K+-added series due to the failure of the incorporation of relatively large K+ (1.38 Å to the Sr2+ (1.18 Å site in the hosts, unlike the cases of smaller Li+ (0.76 Å and Na+ (1.02 Å ions. PL excitation, PL emission, and LAG luminescence, are decreased by all investigated alkaline ions, which would be due to the diminished incorporation of Eu2+ and Dy3+ activators into the luminescent hosts by the alkaline ions. For the cases of the Li+ and Na+-added series, the incorporated Li+ or Na+ to the luminescent hosts would also limit the activation of Eu2+ and charge trapping/detrapping of Dy3+ to yield the diminished PL properties and LAG luminescence. The type of defect complex formed by the addition of Li+ and Na+ ions has been deduced and compared with that formed when no alkaline ion is added.

  15. Long persistent luminescence property of a novel green emitting SrLaGaO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fu, Xiaoyan, E-mail: fuxiaoyan@xmut.edu.cn [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology (CICAEET), Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control (AEMPC), Nanjing 210044 (China); Zheng, Shenghui [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China); Shi, Junpeng [Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China); Li, Yuechan [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen 361024 (China); Zhang, Hongwu, E-mail: hwzhang@iue.ac.cn [Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021 (China)

    2017-04-15

    A novel long persistent green emitting phosphor SrLaGaO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+} was synthesized via a conventional high temperature solid-state method. The obtained results indicated that the green long persistent emitting was similar to the photoluminescence, originating from the f-f transitions of Tb{sup 3+} centers which were supposed to occupy the random distribution Sr{sup 2+} and La{sup 3+} sites. The duration of green afterglow can be observed in the dark by naked eyes even after more than 3.5 h. The thermoluminescence results revealed that SrLaGaO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+} possessed three main traps calculated to be 0.62, 0.68 and 0.77 eV, which were responsible for the long persistent green luminescence. The further structure analysis revealed that the Tb{sup 3+} dopants not only acted as emission centers but also significantly influenced the density of traps, and the trapping centers were postulated nonrandom distribution under the assistance of high temperature, which resulted in the efficient persistent luminescence of Tb{sup 3+}. All the results showed that SrLaGaO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+} was a potential long persistent luminescent material.

  16. High-pressure modifications of CaZn2, SrZn2, SrAl2, and BaAl2: Implications for Laves phase structural trends

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kal, Subhadeep; Stoyanov, Emil; Belieres, Jean-Philippe; Groy, Thomas L.; Norrestam, Rolf; Haeussermann, Ulrich

    2008-01-01

    High-pressure forms of intermetallic compounds with the composition CaZn 2 , SrZn 2 , SrAl 2 , and BaAl 2 were synthesized from CeCu 2 -type precursors (CaZn 2 , SrZn 2 , SrAl 2 ) and Ba 21 Al 40 by multi-anvil techniques and investigated by X-ray powder diffraction (SrAl 2 and BaAl 2 ), X-ray single-crystal diffraction (CaZn 2 ), and electron microscopy (SrZn 2 ). Their structures correspond to that of Laves phases. Whereas the dialuminides crystallize in the cubic MgCu 2 (C15) structure, the dizincides adopt the hexagonal MgZn 2 (C14) structure. This trend is in agreement with the structural relationship displayed by sp bonded Laves phase systems at ambient conditions. - Graphical abstract: CeCu 2 -type polar intermetallics can be transformed to Laves phases upon simultaneous application of pressure and temperature. The observed structures are controlled by the valence electron concentration

  17. XAFS Analysis of Local Structure around Ce in Ca3Sc2Si3O12:Ce Phosphor for White LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Akai, Toshio; Shigeiwa, Motoyuki; Okamoto, Kaoru; Shimomura, Yasuo; Kijima, Naoto; Honma, Tetsuo

    2007-01-01

    We have studied the local structure around Ce atom in Ca3Sc2Si3O12 host crystal, which has been developed as a new green phosphor for white light emitting diodes (LEDs). As the local structure and chemical environment of the dopant atom are very important to improve the performance of the phosphor, we have used XAFS to get chemical and structural information around the Ce dopant. The XANES spectrum of the Ce LIII-edge reveals that the Ce atom is trivalent in Ca3Sc2Si3O12. There are two kinds of possible Ce substitution sites, Ca site and Sc site, in garnet type Ca3Sc2Si3O12 crystal structure. The Ce atom is found to be at the Ca site in the host crystal by the comparison of the Fourier transform of Ce K-edge EXAFS spectrum with those of Ca and Sc K-edge EXAFS spectra. The theoretical analysis with FEFF also clarified the Ce substitution at the Ca site. Furthermore, the result of the analysis indicates the structural disorder around Ca and Si atoms at 3.75 A. It is possible that there are some defects around the Ca and Si atoms at 3.75 A to compensate the excess positive charge by introduced Ce3+ at the Ca2+ site

  18. Enhanced luminescent properties of long-persistent Sr{sub 2}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphor prepared by the co-precipitation method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan Wen [State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Zhongshan Road 158-43, Dalian Liaoning 116012 (China); Ning Guiling [State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Zhongshan Road 158-43, Dalian Liaoning 116012 (China)], E-mail: ninggl@dlut.edu.cn; Zhang Xu; Wang Jing; Lin Yuan; Ye Junwei [State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Zhongshan Road 158-43, Dalian Liaoning 116012 (China)

    2008-12-15

    Sr{sub 2}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors were prepared by the (aminopropyl)-triethoxysilane (APTES) co-precipitation method. Effects of synthesis temperature on the crystal characteristics, luminescent properties and afterglow performance of Sr{sub 2}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been discussed in detail and compared with the corresponding commercial product. The experimental results indicated that the sample could be synthesized at a relatively lower temperature and had better performance on the above-mentioned properties using the co-precipitation method.

  19. High-Throughput Synthesis and Characterization of Eu Doped Ba xSr2- xSiO4 Thin Film Phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Sara; Guérin, Samuel; Hayden, Brian E; Soulié, Jean-Philippe; Vian, Chris

    2018-06-20

    High-throughput techniques have been employed for the synthesis and characterization of thin film phosphors of Eu-doped Ba x Sr 2- x SiO 4 . Direct synthesis from evaporation of the constituent elements under a flux of atomic oxygen on a sapphire substrate at 850 °C was used to directly produce thin film libraries (415 nm thickness) of the crystalline orthosilicate phase with the desired compositional variation (0.24 > x > 1.86). The orthosilicate phase could be synthesized as a pure, or predominantly pure, phase. Annealing the as synthesized library in a reducing atmosphere resulted in the reduction of the Eu while retaining the orthosilicate phase, and resulted in a materials thin film library where fluorescence excited by blue light (450 nm) was observable by the naked eye. Parallel screening of the fluorescence from the combinatorial libraries of Eu doped Ba x Sr 2- x SiO 4 has been implemented by imaging the fluorescent radiation over the library using a monochrome digital camera using a series of color filters. Informatics tools have been developed to allow the 1931 CIE color coordinates and the relative quantum efficiencies of the materials library to be rapidly assessed and mapped against composition, crystal structure and phase purity. The range of compositions gave values of CIE x between 0.17 and 0.52 and CIE y between 0.48 and 0.69 with relative efficiencies in the range 2.0 × 10 -4 -7.6 × 10 -4 . Good agreement was obtained between the thin film phosphors and the fluorescence characteristics of a number of corresponding bulk phosphor powders. The thermal quenching of fluorescence in the thin film libraries was also measured in the temperature range 25-130 °C: The phase purity of the thin film was found to significantly influence both the relative quantum efficiency and the thermal quenching of the fluorescence.

  20. Trigermanides AEGe{sub 3} (AE = Ca, Sr, Ba). Chemical bonding and superconductivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo, Rodrigo; Schnelle, Walter; Baranov, Alexey I.; Burkhardt, Ulrich; Bobnar, Matej; Cardoso-Gil, Raul; Schwarz, Ulrich; Grin, Yuri [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik Fester Stoffe, Dresden (Germany)

    2016-08-01

    The crystal structures of the trigermanides AEGe{sub 3}(tI32) (AE = Ca, Sr, Ba; space group I4/mmm, for SrGe{sub 3}: a = 7.7873(1), c = 12.0622(3) Aa) comprise Ge{sub 2} dumbbells forming layered Ge substructures which enclose embedded AE atoms. The chemical bonding analysis by application of the electron localizability approach reveals a substantial charge transfer from the AE atoms to the germanium substructure. The bonding within the dumbbells is of the covalent two-center type. A detailed analysis of SrGe{sub 3} reveals that the interaction on the bond-opposite side of the Ge{sub 2} groups is not lone pair-like - as it would be expected from the Zintl-like interpretation of the crystal structure with anionic Ge layers separated by alkaline-earth cations - but multi-center strongly polar between the Ge{sub 2} dumbbells and the adjacent metal atoms. Similar atomic interactions are present in CaGe{sub 3} and BaGe{sub 3}. The variation of the alkaline-earth metal has a merely insignificant influence on the superconducting transition temperatures in the s,p-electron compounds AEGe{sub 3}.

  1. Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescence of CaMO4:RE3+ (M=W, Mo; RE=Eu, Tb) submicro-phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lei Fang; Yan Bing

    2008-01-01

    Submicrometer crystalline CaMO 4 :RE 3+ (M=W, Mo; RE=Eu, Tb) phosphors with a sheelite structure have been synthesized via the hydrothermal process, which were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray-excited luminescence (XEL), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-vis DRS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The XRD patterns show that both CaWO 4 and CaMoO 4 have the same structure with space group I41/a. The SEM images indicate that the optimal hydrothermal temperature is 120 deg. C for the particles that aggregate with the increase of temperature. The bands ranging from 380 to 510 nm in the XEL spectra of CaWO 4 :Eu 3+ can be attributed to the charge transfer state from the excited 2p orbits of O 2- to the empty orbits of the central W 6+ of the tungstate groups. The comparison between photoluminescent lifetimes and quantum efficiencies of the two phosphors was also investigated in detail. - Graphical abstract: Submicro-crystalline Eu 3+ -activated tungstate CaWO 4 :RE 3+ phosphors with a sheelite structure have been synthesized via the hydrothermal process; the morphology was determined from the hydrothermal temperature. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that CaWO 4 :Eu 3+ exhibits spherical particles, which can be controlled by the reaction parameters

  2. Optoelectronic characterization of Eu3+ doped MLa2O4 (M = Sr, Ca, Mg nanophosphors for display devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devender Singh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Eu3+ doped MLa2O4 (M = Mg, Ca, Sr nanophosphors were synthesized by a rapid facile gel combustion route. Luminescence properties of these prepared nanophosphors were analyzed by their excitation and emission spectra. The excitation spectrum consisted of some peaks in the 350–410 nm range due to the f–f transitions. The emission spectra of prepared nanophosphors had transitions of Eu3+ ions i.e. 5D0 → 7F0 (580 nm, 5D0 → 7F1 (594–596 nm, 5D0 → 7F2 (614–618, 628–629 nm, and 5D0 → 7F3 (650–651 nm. The main emission peak was observed at 614–618 nm of 5D0→7F2 transitions of Eu3+ ions. The enhancement in optical properties was observed when materials were reheated at higher temperatures. The nanostructural morphology was confirmed with scanning as well as transmission electron microscopy. The prepared materials were having size in the range of 10–50 nm. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD technique was used to determine the crystal structure and phase of the prepared phosphor materials. XRD measurements revealed that the crystallinity of MLa2O4 materials increased with increasing the sintering temperature. The prepared materials had bright red emitting optical properties that could be suitably applied in various display devices.

  3. High color rendering index of remote-type white LEDs with multi-layered quantum dot-phosphor films and short-wavelength pass dichroic filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Hee Chang; Oh, Ji Hye; Do, Young Rag

    2014-09-01

    This paper introduces high color rendering index (CRI) white light-emitting diodes (W-LEDs) coated with red emitting (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu phosphors and yellowish-green emitting AgIn5S8/ZnS (AIS/ZS) quantum dots (QDs) on glass or a short-wavelength pass dichroic filter (SPDF), which transmit blue wavelength regions and reflect yellow wavelength regions. The red emitting (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu phosphor film is coated on glass and a SPDF using a screen printing method, and then the yellowish-green emitting AIS/ZS QDs are coated on the red phosphor (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu film-coated glass and SPDF using the electrospray (e-spray) method.To fabricate the red phosphor film, the optimum amount of phosphor is dispersed in a silicon binder to form a red phosphor paste. The AIS/ZS QDs are mixed with dimethylformamide (DMF), toluene, and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) for the e-spray coating. The substrates are spin-coated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) to fabricate a conductive surface. The CRI of the white LEDs is improved through inserting the red phosphor film between the QD layer and the glass substrate. Furthermore, the light intensities of the multi-layered phosphor films are enhanced through changing the glass substrate to the SPDF. The correlated color temperatures (CCTs) vary as a function of the phosphor concentration in the phosphor paste. The optical properties of the yellowish-green AIS/ZS QDs and red (Sr,Ca)AlSiN3:Eu phosphors are characterized using photoluminescence (PL), and the multi-layered QD-phosphor films are measured using electroluminescence (EL) with an InGaN blue LED (λmax = 450 nm) at 60 mA.

  4. Enhanced orange-red emission by using Mo codoped in Ba2CaWO6: Eu3+, Li+ phosphor under near UV excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun, Xiaoyuan; Hao, Zhendong; Li, Chunjie; He, Xiaoguang; Qi, Haiyan; Yu, Lijun; Luo, Yongshi; Zhang, Jiahua; Gao, Jiwei; Zhong, Ruixia

    2013-01-01

    The orange-red emitting phosphors Ba 2 Ca 0.9 Mo x W 1−x O 6 :Eu 3+ 0.05 , Li + 0.05 (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0) and Ba 2 Ca 1−2y Mo 0.2 W 0.8 O 6 :Eu 3+ y , Li + y (y=0.03, 0.05, 0.07, 0.1, and 0.15) were synthesized. The crystalline structure and photoluminescence properties of these phosphors were described. The strong orange-red emission of Eu 3+ ( 5 D 0 — 7 F 1 transition) at around 593 nm was observed. Addition of Mo strongly enhances the charge transfer band absorption in the near ultraviolet region that corresponds to near ultraviolet white light emitting diode. The dependence of photoluminescence intensities on Eu 3+ concentrations with optimal Mo concentration under 400 nm excitation was studied. The phosphor is considered to be a promising orange-red emitting phosphor for near ultraviolet GaN-based white light emitting diode. - Highlights: ► The samples form solid solutions when Mo is added into Ba 2 CaWO 6 : Eu 3+ , Li + phosphors. ► Addition of Mo in Ba 2 CaWO 6 : Eu 3+ , Li + shifts the PLE spectra maximum from UV region to near UV region. ► In Ba 2 CaMo x W 1−x O 6 :Eu 3+ , Li + , the most efficient concentrations occur at 0.1 and 0.2 for Eu and Mo.

  5. Reduction of SR Ca2+ leak and arrhythmogenic cellular correlates by SMP-114, a novel CaMKII inhibitor with oral bioavailability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neef, Stefan; Mann, Christian; Zwenger, Anne; Dybkova, Nataliya; Maier, Lars S

    2017-07-01

    Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca 2+ leak induced by Ca 2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is centrally involved in atrial and ventricular arrhythmogenesis as well as heart failure remodeling. Consequently, treating SR Ca 2+ leak has been proposed as a novel therapeutic paradigm, but compounds for use in humans are lacking. SMP-114 ("Rimacalib") is a novel, orally available CaMKII inhibitor developed for human use that has already entered clinical phase II trials to treat rheumatoid arthritis. We speculated that SMP-114 might also be useful to treat cardiac SR Ca 2+ leak. SMP-114 significantly reduces SR Ca 2+ leak (as assessed by Ca 2+ sparks) in human atrial (0.72 ± 0.33 sparks/100 µm/s vs. control 3.02 ± 0.91 sparks/100 µm/s) and failing left ventricular (0.78 ± 0.23 vs. 1.69 ± 0.27 sparks/100 µm/s) as well as in murine ventricular cardiomyocytes (0.30 ± 0.07 vs. 1.50 ± 0.28 sparks/100 µm/s). Associated with lower SR Ca 2+ leak, we found that SMP-114 suppressed the occurrence of spontaneous arrhythmogenic spontaneous Ca 2+ release (0.356 ± 0.109 vs. 0.927 ± 0.216 events per 30 s stimulation cessation). In consequence, post-rest potentiation of Ca 2+ -transient amplitude (measured using Fura-2) during the 30 s pause was improved by SMP-114 (52 ± 5 vs. 37 ± 4%). Noteworthy, SMP-114 has these beneficial effects without negatively impairing global excitation-contraction coupling: neither systolic Ca 2+ release nor single cell contractility was compromised, and also SR Ca 2+ reuptake, in line with resulting cardiomyocyte relaxation, was not impaired by SMP-114 in our assays. SMP-114 demonstrated potential to treat SR Ca 2+ leak and consequently proarrhythmogenic events in rodent as well as in human atrial cardiomyocytes and cardiomyocytes from patients with heart failure. Further research is necessary towards clinical use in cardiac disease.

  6. Blue and green emissions with high color purity from nanocrystalline Ca2Gd8Si6O26:Ln (Ln = Tm or Er) phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seeta Rama Raju, G.; Park, Jin Young; Jung, Hong Chae; Pavitra, E.; Moon, Byung Kee; Jeong, Jung Hyun; Yu, Jae Su; Kim, Jung Hwan; Choi, Haeyoung

    2011-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Highlights: → Nanocrystalline Ca 2 Gd 8 Si 6 O 26 (CGS):Tm 3+ and CGS:Er 3+ phosphors were prepared by solvothermal reaction method. → The visible luminescence properties of phosphors were investigated by exciting with ultraviolet (UV) or near-UV light and low voltage electron beam (0.5-5 kV). → The photoluminescence spectra of CGS:Tm 3+ under 359 nm excitation and CGS:Er 3+ under 380 nm excitation showed the strong blue ( 1 D 2 → 3 F 4 at 456 nm) and green ( 4 S 3/2 → 4 I 15/2 at 550 nm) colors with the color purity 87% and 96%, respectively → The low accelerating voltage cathodoluminescence spectra of CGS:Tm 3+ and CGS:Er 3+ showed the strong blue and green emissions with the high color purity 95% and 96%, respectively. → The obtained results are hint at the promising applications to produce high quality LEDs and FED devices. - Abstract: Blue and green light emissive nanocrystalline Ca 2 Gd 8 Si 6 O 26 (CGS):Tm 3+ and CGS:Er 3+ phosphors with high color purity were prepared by solvothermal reaction method. The structural and morphological properties of these phosphors were evaluated by the powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. From the XRD results, Tm 3+ :CGS and Er 3+ :CGS phosphors had the characteristic peaks of oxyapatite in the hexagonal lattice structure. The visible luminescence properties of phosphors were obtained by ultraviolet (UV) or near-UV light and low voltage electron beam (0.5-5 kV) excitation. The photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties were investigated by changing the variation of Tm 3+ or Er 3+ concentrations and the acceleration voltage, respectively. The CGS:Tm 3+ phosphors exhibited the blue emission due to 1 D 2 → 3 F 4 transition, while the CGS:Er 3+ phosphors showed the green emission due to 4 S 3/2 → 4 I 15/2 transition. The color purity and chromaticity coordinates of the fabricated phosphors are comparable to or better than those of standard

  7. The influence of SrO and CaO in silicate and phosphate bioactive glasses on human gingival fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massera, J; Kokkari, A; Närhi, T; Hupa, L

    2015-06-01

    In this paper, we investigate the effect of substituting SrO for CaO in silicate and phosphate bioactive glasses on the human gingival fibroblast activity. In both materials the presence of SrO led to the formation of a CaP layer with partial Sr substitution for Ca. The layer at the surface of the silicate glass consisted of HAP whereas at the phosphate glasses it was close to the DCPD composition. In silicate glasses, SrO gave a faster initial dissolution and a thinner reaction layer probably allowing for a continuous ion release into the solution. In phosphate glasses, SrO decreased the dissolution process and gave a more strongly bonded reaction layer. Overall, the SrO-containing silicate glass led to a slight enhancement in the activity of the gingival fibroblasts cells when compared to the SrO-free reference glass, S53P4. The cell activity decreased up to 3 days of culturing for all phosphate glasses containing SrO. Whereas culturing together with the SrO-free phosphate glass led to complete cell death at 7 days. The glasses containing SrO showed rapid cell proliferation and growth between 7 and 14 days, reaching similar activity than glass S53P4. The addition of SrO in both silicate and phosphate glasses was assumed beneficial for proliferation and growth of human gingival fibroblasts due to Sr incorporation in the reaction layer at the glass surface and released in the cell culture medium.

  8. A single-phase white light emitting Pr3+ doped Ba2CaWO6 phosphor: synthesis, photoluminescence and optical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreeja, E.; Vidyadharan, Viji; Jose, Saritha K.; George, Anns; Joseph, Cyriac; Unnikrishnan, N. V.; Biju, P. R.

    2018-04-01

    Pr3+ doped Ba2CaWO6 phosphor were prepared by traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction technique. The structure evolution was systematically investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. The X-ray powder diffraction patterns indicate that the prepared phosphors crystallized in the cubic double-perovskite structure. The functional groups were identified using FTIR spectra and the elements present in the composition were confirmed by the EDS profile. The morphology of the phosphor was identified using SEM and TEM analysis. The PL spectra illustrated that these phosphors could be efficiently excited by charge transfer band of host and the maximum luminescence intensity was observed at 0.06 wt% of Pr3+ ion. Upon the charge transfer band excitation, emission spectra showed peaks at 489, 532, 647, 685 and 737 nm corresponding to 3P0→3H4, 3P1→3H5, 3P0→3F2, 3P0→3F3 and 3P0→3F4 transitions respectively. The concentration quenching of Ba2CaWO6:Pr3+ phosphor can be mainly attributed to dipole-dipole interaction. The CIE coordinates were estimated to be close to the white region. The decay curves are well fitted with double exponential decay models. The standard and modified Judd-Ofelt (JO) theories were used to determine the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, radiative transition probabilities and branching ratios. The optical properties indicate that Ba2CaWO6:Pr3+ phosphors can produce white light emission from a single phase host and its potential application for solid-state lighting and display devices.

  9. Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2:Ce3+, Tb3+: A potential single-phased phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu Ge; Wang Yuhua; Ci Zhipeng; Liu Bitao; Shi Yurong; Xin Shuangyu

    2012-01-01

    A single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor Ca 8 Mg(SiO 4 ) 4 Cl 2 :Ce 3+ , Tb 3+ (CMSC:Ce 3+ , Tb 3+ ) is synthesized by a high temperature solid-state reaction method, and its photoluminescence properties are investigated. The obtained phosphor exhibits a strong excitation band between 250 and 410 nm, matching well with the dominant emission band of a UV light-emitting-diode (LED) chip. Energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ ions has been investigated and demonstrated to be a resonant type via a dipole–dipole mechanism. The energy transfer efficiency as well as the critical distance is also estimated. Furthermore, the phosphors can generate light from yellow-green through white and eventually to blue by properly tuning the relative ratio of Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ ions grounded on the principle of energy transfer. The results show that this phosphor has potential applications as a single-phased phosphor for UV white-light LEDs. - Highlights: ► The luminescence properties of Ca 8 Mg(SiO 4 ) 4 Cl 2 :Ce 3+ , Tb 3+ were investigated for the first time. ► The strong absorption of phosphors matches well with the emission band of UV LED chips. ► The energy transfer from Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ in Ca 8 Mg(SiO 4 ) 4 Cl 2 was investigated in detail. ► The white light (CIE=(0.29, 0.34)) is generated by tuning the relative ratio of Ce 3+ to Tb 3+ .

  10. Scintillation properties of LiF–SrF{sub 2} and LiF–CaF{sub 2} eutectic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanagida, Takayuki, E-mail: yanagida@lsse.kyutech.ac.jp [Kyushu Institute of Technology, 2-4 Hibikino, Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu 808-0196 (Japan); Kawaguchi, Noriaki [Tokuyama Corporation, 1-1 Mikage-cho, Shunan-shi, Yamaguchi 745-8648 (Japan); Fujimoto, Yutaka [Kyushu Institute of Technology, 2-4 Hibikino, Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu 808-0196 (Japan); Fukuda, Kentaro [Tokuyama Corporation, 1-1 Mikage-cho, Shunan-shi, Yamaguchi 745-8648 (Japan); Watanabe, Kenichi; Yamazaki, Atsushi; Uritani, Akira [Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

    2013-12-15

    Dopant free eutectic scintillators {sup 6}LiF–SrF{sub 2} and {sup 6}LiF–CaF{sub 2} were developed by the vertical Bridgeman method for the purpose of thermal neutron detection. The molar ratio of LiF and Ca/SrF{sub 2} was 4:1 on its eutectic composition. The α-ray induced radioluminescence spectra of the scintillators showed intense emission peak at 300 nm due to the emission from the self-trapped exciton in Ca/SrF{sub 2} layers. When the samples were irradiated with {sup 252}Cf neutrons, {sup 6}LiF–SrF{sub 2} and {sup 6}LiF–CaF{sub 2} exhibited the light yields of 4700 and 9400 ph/n, respectively. Scintillation decay times of {sup 6}LiF–SrF{sub 2} and {sup 6}LiF–CaF{sub 2} were accepted for scintillation detectors, 90 and 250 ns, respectively. -- Highlights: • Nondoped LiF–CaF{sub 2} and LiF–SrF{sub 2} eutectic scinitillators are reported for the first time. • Two sample showed self-trapped exciton emission. • LiF–SrF{sub 2} sample exhibited the light yield of 9400 ph/n and this value was comparable to conventional materials doped with rare earth ions. • Scintillation decay times of LiF–CaF{sub 2} and LiF–SrF{sub 2} were 250 and 90 ns, respectively.

  11. Enhanced Ce{sup 3+} photoluminescence by Li{sup +} co-doping in CaO phosphor and its use in blue-pumped white LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hao, Zhendong, E-mail: haozd@ciomp.ac.cn; Zhang, Xia; Luo, Yongshi; Zhang, Ligong; Zhao, Haifeng; Zhang, Jiahua, E-mail: zhangjh@ciomp.ac.cn

    2013-08-15

    In this paper, we demonstrate a method to improve the photoluminescence of CaO: Ce{sup 3+} phosphor and delineate its first use in blue-pumped white LEDs. The results show that the yellow emission of Ce{sup 3+} is enhanced by a factor of 1.88 by adding Li{sup +} into CaO host at 474 nm blue light excitation. On analyzing the diffuse reflection spectra and fluorescence decay curves, we reveal that the photoluminescence enhancement is originated from the rise of absorbance to the excitation photons but not from the improvement of the luminescent efficiency. Li{sup +}-improved CaO: Ce{sup 3+} exhibits more red component when it is compared with the commercial Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}: Ce{sup 3+} (YAG: Ce{sup 3+}) phosphor, indicating its potential application for high color rendering white LEDs. Thus, a white LED is fabricated by combining blue InGaN LED chip with CaO: Ce{sup 3+}, Li{sup +} phosphor and a warm white light with high color rendering index (R{sub a}) of 80, low correlated color temperature (T{sub c}) of 4524 K, and sufficient luminous efficiency of 50 lm W{sup −1} is obtained. -- Highlights: • The photoluminescence of Ce{sup 3+} in CaO host was enhanced by Li{sup +} co-doping. • A CaO: Ce{sup 3+}, Li{sup +} based white LED was fabricated for the first time. • An efficient warm white light was obtained. • CaO: Ce{sup 3+}, Li{sup +} is expected to be used as a yellow phosphor for blue-pumped white LEDs.

  12. Multi-proxy Reconstructions of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific: Measuring Sr/Ca, Ba/Ca, and Li/Mg in Modern Corals Using ICP-OES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, A. H.; Cole, J. E.; Vetter, L.; Jimenez, G.; Thompson, D. M.; Tudhope, A. W.

    2017-12-01

    Sea surface temperature (SST) in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific (EEP) exhibits large variability on multiple timescales. These variations are often related to modes of climate variability that exert significant influence on global climate, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation. However, the short length and sparsity of instrumental data in the EEP limits our ability to discern changes in this region. Geochemical signals in corals can help extend instrumental data further back in time. While δ18O and Sr/Ca are the most commonly analyzed geochemical tracers of SST in corals, they often have site-specific complications. Several alternatives (e.g., Li/Mg) have been proposed to overcome these challenges, but have yet to be applied to long climate records, in part due to the cost and time required to measure these elements. Here, we develop a new method that uses Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) to analyze Li/Mg, Sr/Ca, and Ba/Ca ratios in coral aragonite. We apply this method to two Porites spp. corals collected from the northern Galapagos archipelago (Wolf and Darwin Islands). We specifically assess the fidelity of Li/Mg and Sr/Ca to reconstruct SST, and Ba/Ca to reconstruct upwelling conditions. Our results confirm that both Li/Mg and Sr/Ca track SST. We show that despite analytical noise, downcore reconstructions of Li/Mg have the potential to provide additional information about SST that is not present in reconstructions generated from Sr/Ca alone. Skeletal Ba/Ca shows little relationship with upwelling, perhaps because of the distance of our sites from the center of upwelling in the southern Galapagos. These results demonstrate the potential for analyzing Sr, Li, Ba, Mg simultaneously in corals with a cost- and time- efficient method, which may be applied to coral paleoclimate sites worldwide.

  13. Ca isotope fractionation and Sr/Ca partitioning associated with anhydrite formation at mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems: An experimental approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syverson, D. D.; Scheuermann, P.; Pester, N. J.; Higgins, J. A.; Seyfried, W. E., Jr.

    2016-12-01

    The elemental and isotopic mass balance of Ca and Sr between seawater and basalt at mid-ocean ridge (MOR) hydrothermal systems is an integrated reflection of the various physiochemical processes, which induce chemical exchange, in the subseafloor. Specifically, the processes of anhydrite precipitation and recrystallization are recognized to be important controls on governing the Ca and Sr elemental and isotope compositions of high temperature vent fluids, however, few experimental data exist to constrain these geochemical effects. Thus, to better understand the associated Sr/Ca partitioning and Ca isotope fractionation and rate of exchange between anhydrite and dissolved constituents, anhydrite precipitation and recrystallization experiments were performed at 175, 250, and 350°C and 500 bar at chemical conditions indicative of active MOR hydrothermal systems. The experimental data suggest that upon entrainment of seawater into MOR hydrothermal systems, anhydrite will precipitate rapidly and discriminate against the heavy isotopes of Ca (Δ44/40Ca(Anh-Fluid) = -0.68 - -0.25 ‰), whereas Sr/Ca partitioning depends on the saturation state of the evolving hydrothermal fluid with respect to anhydrite at each PTX (KD(Anh-Fluid) = 1.24 - 0.55). Coupling experimental constraints with the temperature gradient inferred for high temperature MOR hydrothermal systems in the oceanic crust, data suggest that the Ca isotope and Sr elemental composition of anhydrite formed near the seafloor will be influenced by disequilibrium effects, while, at higher temperatures further into the oceanic crust, anhydrite will be representative of equilibrium Sr/Ca partitioning and Ca isotope fractionation conditions. These experimental observations are consistent with analyzed Sr/Ca and Ca isotope compositions of anhydrites and vent fluids sampled from modern MOR hydrothermal systems1,2 and can be used to further constrain the geochemical effects of hydrothermal circulation in the oceanic crust

  14. A study on the photographic characteristics related to the morphology of phosphor layers in the ca wo4 and gd2o2s : Tb screen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, In Ja; Huh, Joon

    1993-01-01

    Recently, various screen film system have been introduced in diagnostic radiology. There are two kinds of screen film system : blue emitting Ca WO 4 screen has been largely used in these days. However, it tends to be changed to use green emitting Gd 2 O 2 S : Tb screen. In this study, photographic characteristics of Ca WO 4 , and Gd 2 O 2 S : Tb screen were investigated with luminescence, spectroscopy. The morphology of Ca WO 4 , and Gd 2 O 2 S : Tb were also observed by using scanning electron microscope. The result obtained were as follows: 1. There was small difference in the thickness of phosphor layers for the front and back screen of blue emitting system, but little difference in those of green emitting system. 2. There was no difference in the size of phosphor particles between the front and back screen for each screen. However, the particle size was different for the various kinds of screens. 3. The shape of phosphor particle was round with many faces for all the screens. 4. In the exposure of X - ray with the same intensity, luminescent intensity of a green emitting system was 6∼7 times larger than that of a blue emitting system. 5. The thickness of phosphor layers does not affect on the sensitivity of the screens exposed by X - ray

  15. Synthesis of novel Dy3+ activated phosphate phosphors for NUV excited LED

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shinde, K.N.; Dhoble, S.J.; Kumar, Animesh

    2011-01-01

    The new trivalent dysprosium activated X 6 AlP 5 O 20 (where X=Sr, Ba, Ca and Mg) phosphors were prepared by the combustion method. The prepared phosphors are characterized by XRD, photoluminescence and SEM techniques. Excited by 350 nm near-ultraviolet (NUV) light, the phosphors show an efficient blue and yellow band emissions, which originates from the 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 15/2 and 4 F 9/2 → 6 H 13/2 transitions of Dy 3+ ion, respectively. The excitation spectra of the phosphors are broadband extending from 340 to 400 nm, which are characteristics of NUV excited LED. The effect of the Dy 3+ concentration on the luminescence properties of X 6 AlP 5 O 20 :Dy 3+ (where X=Sr, Ba, Ca and Mg) phosphors is studied. Ca 6 AlP 5 O 20 phosphors show strong PL emission intensity around 25 times more as compared to Ba 6 AlP 5 O 20 , Sr 6 AlP 5 O 20 and Mg 6 AlP 5 O 20 phosphors. The investigated prepared phosphors are suitable for a NUV excited LED. - Research highlights: → Novel Dy 3+ activated X 6 AlP 5 O 20 (where X=Sr,Ba,Ca and Mg) phosphors were prepared by combustion method which is very low cost and time saving synthesis method. → The excitation spectra of the phosphors are broad band extending from 340 nm to 400 nm, which is characteristics of NUV excited LED. → PL emission spectra show two emissions (485 and 573 nm) and X 6 AlP 5 O 20 :Dy 3+ 0.5 mol% (where X=Sr,Ba,Ca and Mg) phosphors shows strongest PL emission intensity. → SEM analysis indicates that phosphor particles have irregular shape, porous morphology and less than 3-4 μm in size, which is suitable for the solid state lighting (coating purpose).

  16. Crystal structure, energy transfer and tunable luminescence properties of Ca8ZnCe(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Chong; Tang, Wanjun

    2018-02-01

    Single-phased Ca8ZnCe(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphors with whitlockite-type structure have been prepared via the combustion-assisted synthesis technique. The XRD pattern show that the as-obtained phosphors crystallize in a trigonal phase with space group of R-3c (161). Ca8ZnCe(PO4)7 host is full of sensitizers (Ce3+) and the Ce3+ emission at different lattice sites has been discussed. The efficient energy transfers from Ce3+ ions to Eu2+/Mn2+ ions and from Eu2+ to Mn2+ have been validated. Under UV excitation, the emitting color of Ca8ZnCe(PO4)7:Eu2+/Mn2+ samples can be modulated from violet blue to green and from violet blue to red-orange by the energy transfers of Ce3+→Eu2+ and Ce3+→Mn2+, respectively. Additionally, white emission has been obtained through adjusting the relative concentrations of Eu2+ and Mn2+ ions in the Ca8ZnCe(PO4)7 host under UV excitation. These results indicate that as-prepared Ca8ZnCe(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ may be a potential candidate as color-tunable white light-emitting phosphors.

  17. A novel high color purity blue-emitting phosphor: CaBi{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Tm{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Jiangong, E-mail: lijiangong01@gmail.com [Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Huanghuai University, Zhumadian 463000 (China); Yan, Huifang [Department of Foreign Languages and Literature, Huanghuai University, Zhumadian 463000 (China); Yan, Fengmei [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huanghuai University, Zhumadian 463000 (China)

    2016-07-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • A series of Tm{sup 3+}-doped CaBi{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7} blue-emitting phosphors were prepared. • The optimum doping content of Tm{sup 3+} ions was found. • The critical distance and concentration quenching mechanism was discussed. • The color purity of as prepared sample was analyzed and compared. - Abstract: A series of Tm{sup 3+}-doped CaBi{sub 2−x}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:xTm{sup 3+} (0.02 ≤ x ≤ 0.12) blue-emitting phosphors with high color purity were prepared by solid-state reaction method. The crystal structure and luminescence properties of the as-prepared phosphors were studied. This phosphor shows a satisfactory blue performance (peak at 453 nm) due to the {sup 1}D{sub 2} → {sup 3}F{sub 4} transition of Tm{sup 3+} excited by 357 nm light. Investigation of Tm{sup 3+} content dependent emission spectra indicates that x = 0.04 is the optimum doping content of Tm{sup 3+} ions in the CaBi{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7} host. The critical distance and the concentration quenching mechanism were also investigated. In particular, the color purity of as prepared sample was analyzed and the result shows that the color purity of CaBi{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Tm{sup 3+} is higher than the commercial blue phosphor BaMgAl{sub 10}O{sub 17}:Eu{sup 2+} (BAM:Eu{sup 2+}) and the latest reported Tm{sup 3+} doped blue phosphors. The present work suggests that the CaBi{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Tm{sup 3+} phosphor is a potential blue-emitting candidate for the application in the near-UV WLEDs.

  18. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Ba2CaZn2Si6O17:Eu3+ red phosphors for white LED applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Annadurai, G.; Kennedy, S. Masilla Moses

    2016-01-01

    Novel pellyite type Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17 :Eu 3+ red emitting phosphors with different Eu 3+ contents were synthesized by the solid state reaction method. The crystal structure, photoluminescence properties and concentration quenching of Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17 :Eu 3+ phosphors were investigated. Powder X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed the structure of the samples. The photoluminescence emission (PL) and excitation (PLE) spectra were measured. The results showed that the dominant hypersensitive red emission peak of the phosphors Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17 :Eu 3+ was located at 613 nm attributed to the Eu 3+ transition ( 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 ) which could be effectively excited by 395 nm (near-UV). The latter band matched well with the emission from the near-UV LED chips. The intensity ratio of 5 D 0 → 7 F 2 to 5 D 0 → 7 F 1 transition showed slight variation with Eu 3+ concentrations. The Eu 3+ emission intensity was maximum for 9 mol%. The luminescence quantum efficiency was determined and also the decay profiles were obtained and analyzed. In addition, the Commission International del'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates of Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17 :0.09Eu 3+ phosphor were calculated to be 0.637 and 0.362. The experimental results demonstrated that the Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17 :Eu 3+ red emitting phosphor is a potential candidate for white light emitting diodes (WLEDs) pumped by near-UV chip. - Highlights: • A novel Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17 :Eu 3+ red phosphor was synthesized. • The samples yielded a dominant PL emission of Eu 3+ at 613 nm. • Eu 3+ concentration was optimized to be 9 mol% in Ba 2 CaZn 2 Si 6 O 17. • CIE chromaticity coordinates were estimated from the emission spectrum.

  19. Photoluminescence characteristics of Sm{sup 3+}-doped Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6} as new orange–red emitting phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Ruiijn [College of Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100 (China); Department of Physics, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Mi Noh, Hyeon; Kee Moon, Byung; Chun Choi, Byung [Department of Physics, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of); Hyun Jeong, Jung, E-mail: jhjeong@pknu.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of); Sueb Lee, Ho [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Kiwan, E-mail: kwjang@changwon.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Soo Yi, Soung [Department of Electronic Material Engineering, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-01

    The orange–red emitting Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6}:xSm{sup 3+} (0.01≤x≤0.25) phosphors were synthesized via solid state reaction process. The crystal structure of the phosphor was characterized by XRD. The photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra, concentration effect were investigated. The results show an efficient energy transfer from WO{sub 6}{sup 6−} group to Sm{sup 3+} occurs. The emission spectra of the Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors consisted of some sharp emission peaks of Sm{sup 3+} ions centre at 579 nm, 618 nm, 625 nm, and 675 nm. The strongest one is located at 610 nm due to {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 7/2} transition of Sm{sup 3+}, generating bright orange–red light. The optimum dopant concentration of Sm{sup 3+} ions in Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6}:xSm{sup 3+} is around 5 mol% and the critical transfer distance of Sm{sup 3+} is calculated as 18 Å. The fluorescence lifetime of Sm{sup 3+} in Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} is 2.36 ms. The Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors may be potentially used as orange–red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes. - Highlights: • A new host-sensitized Sm{sup 3+}-doped Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6} phosphor was firstly synthesized. • Its structure, luminescent properties are well studied and characterized. • There exists an efficient energy transfer from WO{sub 6}{sup 6−} group to Sm{sup 3+}. • The thermal quenching properties of Ba{sub 2}CaWO{sub 6}:Sm{sup 3+} was firstly evaluated.

  20. Combined effect of 131I and osteotropic radionuclide of 90Sr and 45Ca

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borisova, V.V.; Vetukh, V.A.; Rusanova, O.V.

    1988-01-01

    Combined effect of 131 I and osteotropic 45 Ca and 90 Sr on blood formation, reproduction and life span of laboratory animals was considered. It was shown that combined irradiation of thyroid and bone marrow with doses not exceeding or equal 1 Gy doesn't result in changes of blood formation or life span, but leads to definite violations in stem spermatogonia which bring about intra-uterine death of progeny. This fact is explained as a result of indirect radiation effect for the dose for gonads was 0.1 Gy. 3 tabs

  1. CO2-laser ablation of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu oxide by millisecond pulse lengths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meskoob, M.; Honda, T.; Safari, A.; Wachtman, J. B.; Danforth, S.; Wilkens, B. J.

    1990-03-01

    We have achieved ablation of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu oxide from single targets of superconducting pellets by CO2-laser pulses of l ms length to grow superconducting thin films. Upon annealing, the 6000-Å thin films have a Tc (onset) of 90 K and zero resistance at 78 K. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate the growth of single-phase thin films. This technique allows growth of uniform single-phase superconducting thin films of lateral area greater than 1 cm2.

  2. Flux pinning in hot isostatically pressed Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miller, D.J.; Sengupta, S.; Hettinger, J.D.; Shi, D.; Gray, K.E.; Nash, A.S.; Goretta, K.C.

    1992-01-01

    Magnetic hysteresis data were taken from 4.2 to 35 K on Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O x samples that were hot isostatically pressed at 105 MPa in an inert atmosphere at 825 degree C. One set of samples was pressed for only 15 min while the other was pressed for 120 min. The samples pressed for 15 min contained a high density of dislocations and planar faults, while the samples pressed for 120 min contained fewer dislocations and faults, with most dislocations present within subgrain boundaries. The samples with the complex dislocation/planar fault structures exhibited substantially larger hysteresis loops, suggesting enhanced flux pinning

  3. AC losses in (Bi,Pb) 2Sr 2Ca 2Cu 3O x tapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Anna, G.; Indenbom, M. V.; André, M.-O.; Benoit, W.; Grivel, J.-C.; Hensel, B.; Flükiger, R.

    1994-05-01

    A double peak structure is observed in the AC losses of (Bi,Pb) 2Sr 2Ca 2Cu 3O x silver-sheathed tapes using a torsion-pendulum oscillator. The low-temperature peak is associated to the intragrain flux expulsion, while the high-temperature peak results from a macroscopic current path around the whole sample due to a well-coupled fraction of the grains. The flux pinning by the dislocations forming small-angle grain boundaries is suggested to control the transport current.

  4. Morphology of growth of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indenbom, M. V.; van der Beek, C. J.; Berseth, V.; Wolf, Th.; Berger, H.; Benoit, W.

    1996-12-01

    A good correlation of twins on the basal surface of flux-grown Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (BSCCO) single crystals with surface. growth steps is observed, the b-axis being perpendicular to the steps and, thus, parallel to the growth direction. It is found that mono-twin BSCCO single crystals produced by the travelling solvent floating zone method also grow preferentially along b, i.e. nearly perpendicularly to the boule axis, contrary to the common belief. This new understanding of the morphology of growth explains the nature of major defects in these crystals, which considerably change their measured superconducting properties, in a different way.

  5. Growth of high Tc Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O thick films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chaudhry, Sangeeta; Khare, Neeraj; Gupta, A.K.; Nagpal, K.C.; Ojha, V.N.; Reddy, G.S.N.; Tomar, V.S.

    1991-01-01

    Thick films of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O were deposited on (100) MgO substrates by screen-printing technique with the starting composition 1112. To attain the superconducting state, the films were subjected to two-step heat-treatment. R-T and XRD have been studied for films annealed at different durations of the second step. Initially T c (R=O) increased from 77 to 103 K as the annealing duration was increased after which T c decreased. Kinetics of the growth of high T c phase is discussed in the light of results. (author). 7 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  6. Grain boundaries and defects in superconducting Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramesh, R.; Bagley, B.G.; Tarascon, J.M.; Green, S.M.; Rudee, M.L.; Luo, H.L.

    1990-01-01

    Defects and structural interfaces in superconducting Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy. The superconducting phase exhibits frequent variations in the stacking sequence (polytypoids). Dislocations, observed inside the grains, either introduce or accommodate the shear in the a-b plane and the local composition fluctuations. In general, the grains exhibit a platelike morphology with the a-b plane as the grain boundary plane. Grain boundaries along the short edge are generally disordered, whereas those near the long edge generally have a thin layer of the lower T c polytypoid. Coherent intragranular boundaries are also observed

  7. Critical current density of BiSrCaCuO superconductors: effect of surface barriers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Konczykowski, M.; Chikumoto, N.

    1992-01-01

    Effects of surface barriers on vortex motion in BiSrCaCuO-2212 high-temperature superconducting crystals is summarized. Characteristic features of this phenomenon appear in the hysteresis loop (shape of its ascending and descending branches), in the effect of 2.5 MeV electron irradiation, and in flux creep measurements (magnetization dependence to the crystal lateral dimension, size of the flux-creep barrier and the crossover as a function of temperature and time persistent current density). (A.B.). 25 refs., 3 figs

  8. Electron correlation in CaRuO3 and SrRuO3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Ravi Shankar; Maiti, Kalobaran

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the role of electron correlation in the electronic structure of 4d transition-metal oxides CaRuO 3 and SrRuO 3 . The photoemission spectra collected at different surface sensitivities reveal qualitatively different surface and bulk electronic structures in these systems. Extracted bulk spectra could be simulated using first principle approaches consistently with their thermodynamic parameters within the same model. The estimated electron correlation strength (U/W ∼ 0.2) is significantly weak as expected in 4d systems and resolves the long-standing issue that arose due to the prediction of large U/W similar to 3d systems. (author)

  9. Gamma-ray shielding properties of CaO–SrO–B2O3 glasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, K; Singh, H; Sharma, G

    2005-01-01

    , the molar volume of the glasses has been derived from density measurements, and the excess volume has been determined as a function of composition. The reported data should be useful for potential applications of these glasses in radiation shielding. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.......Mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers and effective electron densities have been determined experimentally for the glass system xCaO . (0.3-x)SrO . 0.7B(2)O(3) at photon energies 511, 662, 1173, and 1332KeV. The results are compared with theoretical calculations. In addition...

  10. Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconducting thin films: theory and experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yavuz, M [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering Program, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Boybay, M S [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering Program, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Elbuken, C [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering Program, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Andrews, M J [Los Alamos National Lab, PO Box 1663, Mail Stop B 296, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Hu, C R [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Ross, J H [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)

    2006-06-01

    The interest of this paper centers on fabrication and characterization and modeling of vortices in high temperature superconducting thin films. As a first step, the magnetic vertices of the superconducting matrix were modeled. As a second, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O thin films were grown using Pulsed Laser Ablation (PLD) on single crystal MgO substrates as magnetic templates for the potential use for Nano and Microelectronic circuits, and were characterized by x-ray diffraction, electron, and atomic force microscopy. The third step (future work) will be observation and pinning of these vortices using Bitter decoration.

  11. Preparation and luminescence properties of Ca3(VO4)2: Eu3+, Sm3+ phosphor for light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huang Jiaping; Li Qiuxia; Chen Donghua

    2010-01-01

    Rare-earth ions co-activated red phosphors Ca 3 (VO 4 ) 2 : Eu 3+ , Sm 3+ were synthesized by modified solid-state reactions. The samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffractometer (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and luminescence spectrometer (LS). The results showed that the Eu-Sm system exhibits higher emission intensity than those of the Eu single-doped system and Sm separate-doped system under blue light. Samarium (III) ions are effective in broadening and strengthening absorptions around 467 nm. Furthermore, they exhibit enhanced luminescence emission. Luminescent measurements showed that the phosphors can be efficiently excited by ultraviolet (UV) to visible region, emitting a red light with a peak wavelength of 616 nm. The material has potential application as a phosphor for light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

  12. Cross-bridge blocker BTS permits direct measurement of SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in toadfish swimbladder muscle fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Iain S; Harwood, Claire L; Rome, Lawrence C

    2003-10-01

    Because the major processes involved in muscle contraction require rapid utilization of ATP, measurement of ATP utilization can provide important insights into the mechanisms of contraction. It is necessary, however, to differentiate between the contribution made by cross-bridges and that of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pumps. Specific and potent SR Ca2+ pump blockers have been used in skinned fibers to permit direct measurement of cross-bridge ATP utilization. Up to now, there was no analogous cross-bridge blocker. Recently, N-benzyl-p-toluene sulfonamide (BTS) was found to suppress force generation at micromolar concentrations. We tested whether BTS could be used to block cross-bridge ATP utilization, thereby permitting direct measurement of SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in saponin-skinned fibers. At 25 microM, BTS virtually eliminates force and cross-bridge ATP utilization (both BTS. At 25 microM, BTS had no effect on SR pump ATP utilization. Hence, we used BTS to make some of the first direct measurements of ATP utilization of intact SR over a physiological range of [Ca2+]at 15 degrees C. Curve fits to SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization vs. pCa indicate that they have much lower Hill coefficients (1.49) than that describing cross-bridge force generation vs. pCa (approximately 5). Furthermore, we found that BTS also effectively eliminates force generation in bundles of intact swimbladder muscle, suggesting that it will be an important tool for studying integrated SR function during normal motor behavior.

  13. Estimation of ultraviolet radiation dose using CaF2:Tb phosphor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fukuda, Y.; Ohtaki, H.; Owaki, S.

    1996-01-01

    To observe and estimate the dose of ultraviolet (UV) radiation in sunlight, the available thermoluminescence (TL) materials were studied. Several kinds of lanthanide elements were doped in pure CaF 2 powdered crystal and the properties of the Tl for UV were observed. The TL intensity from CaF 2 :Tb was the highest among the samples doped with various lanthanide elements, and form the TL emission spectra (380-540 nm) the TL is estimated to be due to inner transition of Tb 3+ . The peak wavelength of the TL excitation light was located approximately at 235 nm and light of a longer wavelength than 320 nm was unable to excite the TL. The ultraviolet response of CaF 2 :Tb depended on its sintering temperature. Even without γ ray pre-irradiation the CaF 2 :Tb sample with 1 h exposure to sunlight has enough sensitivity to estimate the change of UV. Seasonal change of UV intensity in sunlight was measured with this TLD during four months in 1993. The results agreed with that of other institutes in Japan. (author)

  14. Enhanced emission of CaNb2O6 : Sm 3+ phosphor by codoping Na ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , China. 3College of .... ing of Sm3+ and Na+ ions, and H3BO3 added do not cause any significant .... into the Ca2+ ion site in order to keep the charge balance. Alkali metal ions (e.g., .... This work was financially supported by the National Nat-.

  15. Melt processing of the Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy superconductor in oxygen and argon atmospheres

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holesinger, T.G.; Miller, D.J.; Chumbley, L.S.

    1992-08-01

    Solidification and subsequent annealing of Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O y (2212) in oxygen and argon atmospheres were investigated in order to identify alternative processing routes for controlling microstructures and superconducting properties. In addition to 2212, several other phases formed on cooling in O 2 and did not disappear upon subsequent annealing. Crystallization in Ar resulted in a divorced eutetic structure of Bi 2 Sr 3-x Ca x O y and Cu 2 O/CuO. The superconductor was formed on subsequent anneals. Samples melted in Ar and then annealed generally possessed a more uniform microstructure compared with samples that were melted in oxygen and annealed. Compositional measurements of the 2212 phase suggest that CaO segregation in the melt may be minimized with an overall composition such as Bi 2.15 Sr 2 Ca 0.85 Cu 2 O y

  16. Sr/Ca ratios in cold-water corals - a 'low-resolution' temperature archive?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rüggeberg, Andres; Riethdorf, Jan-Rainer; Raddatz, Jacek; López Correa, Matthias; Montagna, Paolo; Dullo, Wolf-Christian; Freiwald, André

    2010-05-01

    One of the basic data to understand global change and past global changes is the measurement and the reconstruction of temperature of marine water masses. E.g. seawater temperature controls the density of seawater and in combination with salinity is the major driving force for the oceans circulation system. Geochemical investigations on cold-water corals Lophelia pertusa and Desmophyllum cristagalli indicated the potential of these organisms as high-resolution archives of environmental parameters from intermediate and deeper water masses (Adkins and Boyle 1997). Some studies tried to use cold-water corals as a high-resolution archive of temperature and salinity (Smith et al. 2000, 2002; Blamart et al. 2005; Lutringer et al. 2005). However, the fractionation of stable isotopes (delta18O and delta13C) and element ratios (Sr/Ca, Mg/Ca, U/Ca) are strongly influenced by vital effects (Shirai et al. 2005; Cohen et al. 2006), and difficult to interpret. Nevertheless, ongoing studies indicate the potential of a predominant temperature dependent fractionation of distinct isotopes and elements (e.g. Li/Ca, Montagna et al. 2008; U/Ca, Mg/Ca, delta18O, Lòpez Correa et al. 2008; delta88/86Sr, Rüggeberg et al. 2008). Within the frame of DFG-Project TRISTAN and Paläo-TRISTAN (Du 129/37-2 and 37-3) we investigated live-collected specimens of cold-water coral L. pertusa from all along the European continental margin (Northern and mid Norwegian shelves, Skagerrak, Rockall and Porcupine Bank, Galicia Bank, Gulf of Cadiz, Mediterranean Sea). These coral samples grew in waters characterized by temperatures between 6°C and 14°C. Electron Microprobe investigations along the growth direction of individual coral polyps were applied to determine the relationship between the incorporation of distinct elements (Sr, Ca, Mg, S). Cohen et al. (2006) showed for L. pertusa from the Kosterfjord, Skagerrak, that ~25% of the coral's Sr/Ca ratio is related to temperature, while 75% are influenced

  17. A novel orange-red emitting NaCaVO{sub 4}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphor for solid state lighting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biswas, Pankaj, E-mail: pankaj79biswas@gmail.com; Kumar, Vinay, E-mail: vinaykdhiman@yahoo.com [School of Physics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra-182320 J& K (India); Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.; Swart, H. C. [Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, ZA9300 (South Africa)

    2016-05-06

    The samarium doped NaCaVO{sub 4} phosphor was synthesized by the combustion method. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed that the phosphor powder crystallized as orthorhombic structure belonging to space group Cmcm. From Williamson-Hall analysis the grain size and microstrain in the powder was estimated. The Fourier- transform infrared (FT-IR) studies further validated the formation of vanadate phase of the phosphor. Photoluminescence (PL) study revealed that the phosphor could be efficiently excited by UV-VIS from 200 nm to 500 nm. The 565 nm, 602 nm, 648 nm and 713 nm emissions were ascribed to {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} to {sup 6}H{sub J} (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2) transitions of the Sm{sup 3+} ion. The present material may be explored as a novel phosphor to be excited by UV light emitting diodes (LEDs) chips for solid-state lighting and display applications.

  18. A coral Sr/Ca calibration and replication study of two massive corals from the Gulf of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLong, Kristine L.; Flannery, Jennifer A.; Maupin, Christopher R.; Poore, Richard Z.; Quinn, Terrence M.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the variations in the ratio of strontium-to-calcium (Sr/Ca) for two Atlantic corals (Montastraea faveolata and Siderastrea siderea) from the Dry Tortugas National Park (centered on 24.7°N, 82.8°W) in the Gulf of Mexico. Cores from coral colonies in close proximity (10s of meters) and with the same environmental conditions (i.e., depth and water chemistry) were micro-sampled with approximately monthly resolution and the resulting Sr/Ca variations were calibrated with local sea surface temperature (SST) records. Replication tests for coral Sr/Ca variations found high agreement between intra-colony variations and between individual colonies of S. siderea (a single M. faveolata colony was sampled). Regression analysis of monthly variations in coral Sr/Ca and local SST revealed significant correlation on monthly and inter-annual timescales. Verification of the calibration on different timescales found coral Sr/Ca–SST reconstructions in S. siderea were more accurate than those from M. faveolata, especially on inter-annual timescales. Sr/Ca–SST calibration equations for the two species are significantly different (cf., Sr/Ca = -0.042 SST + 10.070, S. siderea; Sr/Ca = -0.027 SST + 9.893, M. faveolata). Mean linear extension for M. faveolata is approximately twice that of S. siderea (4.63, 4.31, and 8.31 mm year−1, A1, F1, and B3, respectively); however, seasonal Sr/Ca variability in M. faveolata is less than S. siderea (0.323, 0.353, and 0.254 mmol mol−1, A1, F1, and B3, respectively). The reduced slope for M. faveolata is attributed to physical sampling issues associated with complex time-skeletal structure of M. faveolata, i.e., a sampling effect, and not a growth effect since the faster growing M. faveolata has the reduced Sr/Ca variability.

  19. Improvement of the Water Resistance of a Narrow-Band Red-Emitting SrLiAl3 N4 :Eu(2+) Phosphor Synthesized under High Isostatic Pressure through Coating with an Organosilica Layer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Yi-Ting; Nguyen, Hoang-Duy; Lazarowska, Agata; Mahlik, Sebastian; Grinberg, Marek; Liu, Ru-Shi

    2016-08-08

    A SrLiAl3 N4 :Eu(2+) (SLA) red phosphor prepared through a high-pressure solid-state reaction was coated with an organosilica layer with a thickness of 400-600 nm to improve its water resistance. The observed 4f(6) 5d→4f(7) transition bands are thought to result from the existence of Eu(2+) at two different Sr(2+) sites. Luminescence spectra at 10 K revealed two zero-phonon lines at 15377 (for Eu(Sr1)) and 15780 cm(-1) (for Eu(Sr2)). The phosphor exhibited stable red emission under high pressure up to 312 kbar. The configurational coordinate diagram gave a theoretical explanation for the Eu(2+/3+) result. The coated samples showed excellent moisture resistance while retaining an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 70 % of their initial EQE after aging for 5 days under harsh conditions. White-light-emitting diodes of the SLA red phosphor and a commercial Y3 Al5 O12 :Ce(3+) yellow phosphor on a blue InGaN chip showed high color rendition (CRI=89, R9=69) and a low correlated color temperature of 2406 K. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Lead-doped electron-beam-deposited Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconducting thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agnihotry, S.A.; Saini, K.K.; Kant, C.; Sharma, C.P.; Ekbote, S.N.; Asthana, P.; Nagpal, K.C.; Chandra, S. (National Physical Lab., New Delhi (India))

    1991-03-20

    Superconducting thin films of the lead-doped Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system have been prepared on (100) single-crystal SrTiO{sub 3} substrates by an electron beam deposition technique using a single sintered pellet as the evaporation source. As-deposited films are amorphous and non-superconducting; post-deposition annealing at an optimized temperature in air has been found to result in crystalline and superconducting films. The superconducting characteristics of the films have been observed to be sensitive not only to the duration and temperature of post-deposition annealing but also to the lead content and the sintering parameters for the pellet to be used as the evaporation source. A pellet with nominal composition Bi{sub 3}Pb{sub 1}Sr{sub 3}Ca{sub 3}Cu{sub 4}O{sub y} that had been sintered for 200 h zero resistivity Tc{sup 0}=112 K. However, films deposited using such a pellet as the evaporation source had Tc{sup 0} {approx equal} 73-78 K, as had the films deposited from a pellet without any lead. We investigated systematically films deposited from pellets with more lead and sintered for different durations. It is evident from these investigations that pellets with nominal composition Bi{sub 3}Pb{sub 2}Sr{sub 3}Ca{sub 3}Cu{sub 4}O{sub y}, i.e. with an excess of lead, and sintered for about 75 h when used as the evaporation source yield films with Tc{sup 0} {approx equal} 100 K when annealed between 835 and 840deg C for an optimized long duration. The films are characterized by X-ray diffraction and energy-dispersive spectroscopy techniques and have been found to be highly c axis oriented. The effect of lead in promoting a high Tc{sup 0}=110 K phase seems to be similar to that in bulk ceramics. (orig.).

  1. Fluorescence properties of novel near-infrared phosphor CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meng, J.X., E-mail: tmjx@jnu.edu.c [Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Institute of Nanochemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Zhang, F.J.; Peng, W.F.; Wan, W.J.; Xiao, Q.L.; Chen, Q.Q.; Cao, L.W. [Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632 (China); Wang, Z.L. [School of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yunnan Nationalities University, Kunming 650031 (China)

    2010-10-15

    Research highlights: Novel near-infrared (NIR) phosphor, CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, was synthesized. The phosphor gives strong Nd{sup 3+} characteristic NIR emissions in the range of 880-930 nm. The NIR emission intensity gets a 200 times enhancement benefited from the efficient energy transfer from a co-doped Ce{sup 3+}. The energy transfer mechanism was also briefly based on detailed investigation on spectrum and fluorescence lifetime. - Abstract: Novel near-infrared (NIR) phosphor, CaSc{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Ce{sup 3+}, Nd{sup 3+}, was synthesized by co-precipitation method followed by firing at 1300 {sup o}C in reduced atmosphere. When irradiated with blue light, the phosphor gives strong Nd{sup 3+} characteristic NIR emissions in the range of 880-930 nm. The NIR emission intensity gets a 200 times enhancement by co-doping of Ce{sup 3+}. Detailed investigation on spectrum and fluorescence lifetimes indicated the NIR luminescence enhancement is obtained from an energy transfer process. The process initiates with efficient absorption of blue light by Ce{sup 3+} ions via an allowed 4f-5d transition, follow by efficient energy transfer from Ce{sup 3+} to Nd{sup 3+}, and emitting strong Nd{sup 3+} characteristic fluorescence.

  2. Single-phased CaAl2Si2O8:Tm3+, Dy3+ white-light phosphors under ultraviolet excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Penghui; Yu, Xue; Xu, Xuhui; Jiang, Tingming; Yu, Hongling; Zhou, Dacheng; Yang, Zhengwen; Song, Zhiguo; Qiu, Jianbei

    2013-01-01

    A novel white-light-emitting phosphor CaAl 2 Si 2 O 8 :Tm, Dy was synthesized in ambient atmosphere by solid-state reaction. The energy transfer from Tm 3+ to Dy 3+ ions via a dipole–quadrupole reaction was observed and investigated. Upon UV excitation, white light emission was achieved by integrating a blue emission band located at 455 nm and an orange one located at 574 nm attributed to Tm 3+ and Dy 3+ ions, respectively. In addition, the energy-transfer efficiency and critical distance were calculated. Results suggested that the phosphor might be promising as a single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor for UV white-light LED. - Graphical abstract: The results indicate the existence of energy transfer from Tm 3+ to Dy 3+ . By tuning the concentration of Dy 3+ , single-phased white light can be realized. - Highlights: ► Energy transfer from Tm 3+ to Dy 3+ was investigated. ► Color tunable from blue to white can be achieved. ► White light can be realized in CaAl 2 Si 2 O 8 :Tm 3+ , Dy 3+ phosphor

  3. Acropora interbranch skeleton Sr/Ca ratios: Evaluation of a potential new high-resolution paleothermometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, James; Nguyen, Ai D.; Leonard, Nicole D.; Webb, Gregory E.; Nothdurft, Luke D.

    2016-04-01

    The majority of coral geochemistry-based paleoclimate reconstructions in the Indo-Pacific are conducted on selectively cored colonies of massive Porites. This restriction to a single genus may make it difficult to amass the required paleoclimate data for studies that require deep reef coring techniques. Acropora, however, is a highly abundant coral genus in both modern and fossil reef systems and displays potential as a novel climate archive. Here we present a calibration study for Sr/Ca ratios recovered from interbranch skeleton in corymbose Acropora colonies from Heron Reef, southern Great Barrier Reef. Significant intercolony differences in absolute Sr/Ca ratios were normalized by producing anomaly plots of both coral geochemistry and instrumental water temperature records. Weighted linear regression of these anomalies from the lagoon and fore-reef slope provide a sensitivity of -0.05 mmol/mol °C-1, with a correlation coefficient (r2 = 0.65) comparable to those of genera currently used in paleoclimate reconstructions. Reconstructions of lagoon and reef slope mean seasonality in water temperature accurately identify the greater seasonal amplitude observed in the lagoon of Heron Reef. A longer calibration period is, however, required for reliable reconstructions of annual mean water temperatures.

  4. Studies on Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O glasses and superconducting glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, R.; Zacharias, E.

    1991-01-01

    Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O glasses and glass ceramics of various compositions were synthesised. The glass transition temperature varies from 396 to 422degC depending on the glass composition. The bulk glass ceramics of 4334, 4336, 2223 and 4246 compositions show superconductivity when the corresponding glass samples were heat-treated in air at 820degC for 3, 9, 12 and 24 h respectively. X-ray diffraction studies show that the superconducting phase present in all these compositions is Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 1 Cu 2 O x . The 4334 glass ceramic is almost a single-phase material with a preferred orientation such that the c axis is normal to the sample surface. The 2223 glass ceramic has a higher T c (onset) than the other three compositions indicating the presence of high T c phase (110 K) also. ESR studies on the glass samples indicate the existence of Cu 2+ . The effect of heat treatment on ESR shows that the intensity of resonance decreases with increase in heat-treatment duration. This effect is more pronounced for the 4334 and 2223 compositions. The advantages of synthesizing superconducting materials by glass route are discussed in view of practical applications. (author). 9 refs., 6 figs

  5. Ultrasonic study of structural instability of monocrystalline and polycrystalline Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yening; Wu, Jin; Shen, Huimin; Zhu, Jinsong; Chen, Xiaohua; Yan, Yifeng; Zhao, Zhongxian

    1990-01-01

    Two internal-friction (attenuation) peaks around 95 and 130 K in the polycrystal and single crystal of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O are found to be related to the superconducting transition at 84 and 107 K, respectively. The jump of lattice parameter and shape-memory effect occurring at the peak temperatures reveal the characteristics of a martensitic transition. The velocity and attenuation versus temperature of ultrasonic longitudinal waves propagating along two directions in the a-b plane at 10 degree to the a and b axes and of [010] shear waves with [100] polarization were measured for the Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 single crystals. The anisotropic elasticity in the c plane is manifested. Only the longitudinal waves in a direction and the shear waves show an obvious softening minimum of velocity around 250 K, which is associated with an attenuation peak due to a phaselike transition, but other longitudinal waves reveal a monotonic stiffening from room temperature down to T c . The origin of the overall trend of elastic stiffening that appears in the measurements so far for high-T c oxides is discussed

  6. Electrical conductivity of cobalt–titanium substituted SrCaM hexaferrites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eraky, M.R.

    2012-01-01

    A series of polycrystalline M-type hexagonal ferrites with the composition Sr 0.5 Ca 0.5 Co x Ti x Fe 12−2x O 19 (where x=0.0–0.8) were prepared by the conventional ceramic technique. The electrical conductivity has been measured from 300 to 590 K. The dc conductivity, σ dc , exhibited a semiconductor behavior. The negative sign of thermoelectric power coefficient S reveals that all samples are n-type semiconductors. Both σ dc and mobility, μ d , increases with the substitution of Co 2+ and Ti 4+ ions, reach maximum at x=0.4 and start decreasing at x>0.4. Many conduction mechanisms were discussed to explain the electric conduction in the system. It was found that the hopping conduction is the predominant conduction mechanism. For samples with compositional parameter x=0.0 and 0.8, the band conduction mechanism shares in electric conduction beside the hopping process. - Highlights: ► SrCaCoTiM hexaferrites have been prepared by conventional ceramic technique. ► The electrical conductivity exhibited a semiconductor behavior. There is an increase in conductivity up to x=0.4 for Co and Ti substitution. ► The hopping conduction is the predominant conduction mechanism.

  7. Study of formation of deep trapping mechanism by UV, beta and gamma irradiated Eu(3+) activated SrY2O4 and Y4Al2O9 phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubey, Vikas; Kaur, Jagjeet; Parganiha, Yogita; Suryanarayana, N S; Murthy, K V R

    2016-04-01

    This paper reports the thermoluminescence properties of Eu(3+) doped different host matrix phosphors (SrY2O4 and Y4Al2O9). The phosphor is prepared by high temperature solid state reaction method. The method is suitable for large scale production and fixed concentration of boric acid using as a flux. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction technique and the crystallite size calculated by Scherer's formula. The prepared phosphor characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), thermoluminescence (TL) and Transmission Electron Microscopic (TEM) techniques. The prepared phosphors for different concentration of Eu(3+) ions were examined by TL glow curve for UV, beta and gamma irradiation. The UV 254nm source used for UV irradiation, Sr(90) source was used for beta irradiation and Co(60) source used for gamma irradiation. SrY2O4:Eu(3+)and Y4Al2O9:Eu(3+) phosphors which shows both higher temperature peaks and lower temperature peaks for UV, beta and gamma irradiation. Here UV irradiated sample shows the formation of shallow trap (surface trapping) and the gamma irradiated sample shows the formation of deep trapping. The estimation of trap formation was evaluated by knowledge of trapping parameters. The trapping parameters such as activation energy, order of kinetics and frequency factor were calculated by peak shape method. Here most of the peak shows second order of kinetics. The effect of gamma, beta and UV exposure on TL studies was also examined and it shows linear response with dose which indicate that the samples may be useful for TL dosimetry. Formation of deep trapping mechanism by UV, beta and gamma irradiated Eu(3+) activated SrY2O4 and Y4Al2O9 phosphors is discussed in this paper. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Structure determinations for Ca3Ti2O7, Ca4Ti3O10, Ca3.6Sr0.4Ti3O10 and a refinement of Sr3Ti2O7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elcombe, M.M.; Kisi, E.H.; Hawkins, K.D.; White, T.J.; Goodman, P.; Matheson, S.

    1991-01-01

    The structures of the orthorhombic Ruddlesden-Popper (A n+1 B n X 3n+1 ) phases Ca 3 Ti 2 O 7 (n=2) refined from neutron powder diffraction data at λ=1.893 A. They consist of coherent intergrowths of perovskite (CaTiO 3 ) blocks, n TiO 6 octahedra thick, with single layers of CaO having a distorted NaCl configuration. TiO 6 octahedra are tilted and distorted in a very similar fashion to those in CaTiO 3 (n=∞). This fact was used to determine the space groups of the layered structures. Convergent-beam electron diffraction patterns are best matched by calculations in the above space groups which are thus confirmed. Octahedral tilt angles increase slightly in the sequence n=2, 3, ∞. Strontium addition reduces the octahedral tilt angles because of preferential substitution of Sr on the Ca sites within the perovskite blocks of Ca 4 Ti 3 O 10 . The algorithm used to produce starting models for structure refinements is thought to be generally applicable to Ruddlesden-Popper and possibly other layered perovskite structures. It furnishes the predictions: (a) all n-even compounds in the Ca n+1 Ti n O 3n+1 series will have space group Ccm2 1 , (b) all n-odd compounds in this series will have space group Pcab, (c) all A n+1 B n X 3n+1 series for which the n=∞ end member (ABX 3 ) is isostructural with CaTiO 3 will be isostructural with the compounds reported above (e.g. Ca n+1 Zr n O 3n+1 ). (orig./WL)

  9. MCPIP1-induced autophagy mediates ischemia/reperfusion injury in endothelial cells via HMGB1 and CaSR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Xiaolong; Zhu, Tiebing; Chen, Lulu; Ding, Shuang; Chu, Han; Wang, Jing; Yao, Honghong; Chao, Jie

    2018-01-29

    Monocyte chemotactic protein-1-induced protein 1 (MCPIP1) plays a important role in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Autophagy is involved in activating endothelial cells in response to I/R. However, researchers have not clearly determined whether MCPIP1 mediates I/R injury in endothelial cells via autophagy, and its downstream mechanism remains unclear. Western blotting analyses and immunocytochemistry were applied to detect protein levels were detected in HUVECs. An in vitro scratch assay was used to detect cell migration. Cells were transfected with siRNAs to knockdown MCPIP1 and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) expression. The pharmacological activator of autophagy rapamycin and the specific calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) inhibitor NPS-2143 were used to confirm the roles of autophagy and CaSR in I/R injury. I/R induced HMGB1 and CaSR expression, which subsequently upreguated the migration and apoptosis of HUVECs and coincided with the increase of autophagy. HMGB1 was involved in cell migration, whereas CaSR specifically participated in I/R-induced HUVEC apoptosis. Based on these findings, I/R-induced MCPIP1 expression regulates the migration and apoptosis of HUVECs via HMGB1 and CaSR, respectively, suggesting a new therapeutic targetof I/R injury.

  10. The exploration and characterization of an orange emitting long persistent luminescence phosphor LiSr4(BO3)3:Eu2+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jin, Yahong; Hu, Yihua; Wu, Haoyi; Chen, Li; Wang, Xiaojuan

    2016-01-01

    An orange emitting long persistent phosphor LiSr 4 (BO 3 ) 3 :Eu 2+ was prepared successfully using a conventional solid state reaction method. The luminescent and persistent luminescence properties were studied using fluorescence spectra, decay curves, persistent luminescence spectra and thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves. The effects on the fluorescence and persistent luminescence properties by the dosage of Li 2 CO 3 were explored. The relationship between the Eu 2+ contents and persistent luminescence properties were studied. The optimal doping concentration of Eu 2+ was experimentally to be 1 mol%. The detailed processes and a possible mechanism were also discussed. - Highlights: • Li 2 CO 3 plays a critical role in producing persistent luminescence. • 40 % excess of Li 2 CO 3 makes the largest enhancement on persistent luminescence. • The optimal doping concentration of Eu 2+ was experimentally to be 1mol %. • Possible mechanism for persistent luminescence was discussed.

  11. Wavelength dependent loading of traps in the persistent phosphor SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagemann, H.; Lovy, D. [Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Geneva, Quai E. Ansermet 30, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland); Yoon, S.; Pokrant, S. [Laboratory Materials for Energy Conversion, Empa-Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600, Dübendorf (Switzerland); Gartmann, N.; Walfort, B. [LumiNova AG, Speicherstrasse 60a, CH-9053, Teufen (Switzerland); Bierwagen, J., E-mail: Jakob.Bierwagen@unige.ch [Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Geneva, Quai E. Ansermet 30, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland)

    2016-02-15

    The persistent phosphorescence and thermoluminescence of SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}:Dy{sup 3+} is reported for a variety of different excitation wavelengths and excitation temperatures, to provide new insights in the mechanism of the trapping and detrapping. These measurements reveal that the trapping is strongly dependent on the wavelength and temperature. First, with increasing loading temperature, the thermoluminescence peak shifts to lower temperatures which corresponds to a change of trap population. Secondly, the integrated thermoluminescent intensity increases with increasing loading temperature. All wavelength and temperature dependent experiments indicate that the loading of the traps is a thermally activated processes. Utilizing different wavelengths for loading, this effect can be enhanced or reduced. Furthermore excitation with UV-B-light reveals a tendency for detrapping the phosphor, reducing the resulting thermoluminescent intensity and changing the population of the traps.

  12. Structural analysis of xSrO–(50 − x)CaO–50P{sub 2}O{sub 5} glasses with x = 0, 5, or 10 mol% for potential use in a local delivery system for osteomyelitis treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Comeau, P.A. [School of Biomedical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5 (Canada); Filiaggi, M.J., E-mail: mark.filiaggi@dal.ca [School of Biomedical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5 (Canada); Department of Applied Oral Sciences, Dalhousie University, 5981 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5 (Canada)

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of ions into a local delivery matrix is one method of managing degradation and subsequent release of the incorporated therapeutic agents. Of interest in this study was whether we could modify the structural nature of calcium polyphosphate (CPP) glass and the subsequent therapeutic potential of this local delivery matrix with inclusion of strontium (Sr). We found that adding 10 mol% Sr significantly increased the density and chain length of the glass. There was no significant impact of Sr doping on the subsequent loading of vancomycin into the matrix, or the matrix porosity. The noted differences in structural stability, ion release, and vancomycin release between the un-doped CPP matrices and 10 mol% Sr-doped CPP matrices in vitro are likely a result of a decrease in glass disorder upon Sr addition to the glass and preferential retention of Sr over Ca during matrix degradation. This study has provided further evidence that Sr incorporation may serve to both manipulate antibiotic release from the amorphous CPP matrix and provide a potential source of therapeutic ions for enhanced bone regeneration. - Highlights: • A strontium-doped CPP glass was fabricated with a novel calcine-melt protocol. • The density and chain length of CPP glass increased upon 10 mol% Sr addition to CPP. • The phosphorous ion released in vitro was not dependent on 10 mol% Sr addition. • Doping CPP with 10 mol% Sr improved matrix short-term structural stability in vitro.

  13. The synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel red-emitting phosphor. Eu{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 9}La(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang, Zehui [Guangdong University of Technology, Experimental Teaching Department, Guangzhou (China); Guangdong University of Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangzhou (China); Mu, Zhongfei; Zhu, Daoyun [Guangdong University of Technology, Experimental Teaching Department, Guangzhou (China); Wang, Qiang; Wu, Fugen [Guangdong University of Technology, School of Materials and Energy, Guangzhou (China)

    2017-10-15

    A series of novel red-emitting phosphors Ca{sub 9}La{sub 1-x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}: xEu{sup 3+} were synthesized by high-temperature solid state reactions. The photoluminescence excitation and photoluminescence spectra of these phosphors were investigated in detail. O{sup 2-}-Eu{sup 3+} charge transfer band peaking at about 261 nm is dominant in the PLE spectra of Eu{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 9}La(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}, indicating that the phosphors are suitable for tricolor fluorescent lamps. The phosphors also show a good absorption in near ultraviolet (around 395 nm) and blue (around 465 nm) spectral region, which indicates that it can be pumped with NUV and blue chips for white light-emitting diodes. The transition of {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} of Eu{sup 3+} in this lattice can emit bright red light. Ca{sub 9}La(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} could accommodate a large amount of Eu{sup 3+} with an optimal concentration of 60 mol%. The dipole-dipole interaction between Eu{sup 3+} is the dominant mechanism for concentration quenching of Eu{sup 3+}. The calculated color coordinates lie in red region (x = 0.64, y = 0.36), which is close to Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}: 0.05Eu{sup 3+} (x = 0.65, y = 0.34). The integral emission intensity of Ca{sub 9}La{sub 0.4}(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}: 0.6Eu{sup 3+} is 1.9 times stronger than that of widely used commercial red phosphor Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}: 0.05Eu{sup 3+}. All these results indicate that Eu{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 9}La(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} is a promising red-emitting phosphor which can be used in tricolor fluorescent lamps and white light-emitting diodes. (orig.)

  14. Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca in Glycymeris glycymeris (Bivalvia) shells from the Iberian upwelling system: Ontogeny and environmental control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Pedro; Richardson, Christopher; Chenery, Simon; Monteiro, Carlos; Butler, Paul; Reynolds, David; Scourse, James; Gaspar, Miguel

    2017-04-01

    Bivalve shells have a great potential as high-resolution geochemical proxy archives of marine environmental conditions. In addition, sclerochronology of long-lived bivalve species (e.g. Arctica islandica) provides a timeline of absolutely dated shell material for geochemical analysis that can extend into the past beyond the lifetime of single individuals through the use of replicated crossmatched centennial to millennial chronologies. However, the interpretation of such records remains extremely challenging and complex, with multiple environmental and biological processes affecting element incorporation in the shell (e.g. crystal fabrics, organic matrix, biomineralization mechanisms and physiological processes). As a result, the effective use of bivalve shell elemental/Ca ratios as palaeoenvironmental proxies has been limited, often to species-specific applications or applications restricted to particular environmental settings. The dog-cockle, Glycymeris glycymeris, is a relatively long-lived bivalve (up to 200 years) that occurs in coarse-grained subtidal sediments of coastal shelf seas of Europe and North West Africa. Glycymeris glycymeris shells provide a valuable, albeit not fully explored, archive to reconstruct past environmental variability in an area lacking sclerochronological studies due to the rarity of long-lived bivalves and lack of coral reefs. In this study, we evaluate the potential of Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in G. glycymeris shells as geochemical proxies of upwelling conditions in the Iberian Upwelling System, the northern section of the Canary Current Eastern Boundary Upwelling System. Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca generally co-varied significantly and a clear ontogenetic, non-environmental related change in Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca variability was observed. High Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios in older shells (> 10 years old) were found to be associated with the occurrence of growth lines deposited during the winter reduction in shell growth. Nevertheless, Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca

  15. Photoluminescence properties and energy transfer in Ce(3+) /Dy(3+) co-doped Sr(3) MgSi(2) O(8) phosphors for potential application in ultraviolet white light-emitting diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hong; Zi, Wenwen; Lan, Shi; Gan, Shucai; Zou, Haifeng; Xu, Xuechun; Hong, Guangyan

    2013-01-01

    Sr(3) MgSi(2) O(8) :Ce(3+) , Dy(3+) phosphors were prepared by a solid-state reaction technique and the photoluminescence properties were investigated. The emission spectra show not only a band due to Ce(3+) ions (403 nm) but also as a band due to Dy(3+) ions (480, 575 nm) (UV light excitation). The photoluminescence properties reveal that effective energy transfer occurs in Ce(3+) /Dy(3+) co-doped Sr(3) MgSi(2) O(8)phosphors, and the co-doping of Ce(3+) could enhance the emission intensity of Dy(3+) to a certain extent by transferring its energy to Dy(3+) . The Ce(3+) /Dy(3+) energy transfer was investigated by emission/excitation spectra, and photoluminescence decay behaviors. In Sr2.94 MgSi2 O8 :0.01Ce(3+) , 0.05Dy(3+) phosphors, the fluorescence lifetime of Dy(3+) (from 3.35 to 27.59 ns) is increased whereas that of Ce(3+) is greatly decreased (from 43.59 to 13.55 ns), and this provides indirect evidence of the Ce(3+) to Dy(3+) energy transfer. The varied emitted color of Sr(3) MgSi(2) O(8):Ce(3+) , Dy(3+) phosphors from blue to white were achieved by altering the concentration ratio of Ce(3+) and Dy(3+) . These results indicate Sr(3) MgSi(2) O(8):Ce(3+) , Dy(3+) may be as a candidate phosphor for white light-emitting diodes. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. Accumulation of 90Sr, Ca, Mg, K and Na in crane's-bill plants cultavated on soil and hydroponics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analyan, V.L.; Sarkisyan, G.A.

    1981-01-01

    Accumulation of 90 Sr in plants under the conditions of soil and hydroponic cultures from the viewpoint of the possibility of obtaining ''pure'' vegetable production has been studied. Predominant absorption of 90 Sr by soil plants as compared with calcium is shown. In the course of using the hydroponic cultivation method redominant radiostrontium absorption has been manifested to all investigated nuclides including potassium. The accumulation coefficients analysis has shown that among soil plants the fisarst place is occupied by potassium, while the 90 Sr coefficients are greater than Ca on hydroponics, where the true, not distorted by soil sorption processes absorptive plant capacity has been manifested, the first places in the series are occupied by 90 Sr and K, then come Ca and Mg

  17. Accumulation of /sup 90/Sr, Ca, Mg, K and Na in crane's-bill plants cultivated on soil and hydroponics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Analyan, V L; Sarkisyan, G A [AN Armyanskoj SSR, Erevan. Inst. Agrokhimicheskikh Problem i Gidroponiki

    1981-01-01

    Accumulation of /sup 90/Sr in plants under the conditions of soil and hydroponic cultures from the viewpoint of the possibility of obtaining ''pure'' vegetable production has been studied. Predominant absorption of /sup 90/Sr by soil plants as compared with calcium is shown. In the course of using the hydroponic cultivation method predominant radiostrontium absorption has been manifested to all investigated nuclides including potassium. The accumulation coefficients analysis has shown that among soil plants the first place is occupied by potassium, while the /sup 90/Sr coefficients are greater than Ca on hydroponics, where the true, not distorted by soil sorption processes absorptive plant capacity has been manifested, the first places in the series are occupied by /sup 90/Sr and K, then come Ca and Mg.

  18. Enhancement of encaged electron concentration by Sr(2+) doping and improvement of Gd(3+) emission through controlling encaged anions in conductive C12A7 phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Meng; Liu, Yuxue; Zhu, Hancheng; Yan, Duanting; Yang, Jian; Zhang, Xinyang; Liu, Chunguang; Xu, Changshan

    2016-07-28

    Conductive C12A7:0.1%Gd(3+),y%Sr(2+) powders with different Sr(2+) doping concentrations have been prepared in a H2 atmosphere by a solid state method in combination with subsequent UV-irradiation. The encaged electron concentration could be modulated through tuning Sr(2+) doping and its maximum value reaches 2.3 × 10(19) cm(-3). This is attributed to the competition between enhanced uptake and the release of the encaged anions during their formation and diffusion processes and the suppression of encaged electrons generation due to the increased encaged OH(-) anions and the decreased encaged O(2-) anions. Although there exists encaged electrons and different encaged anions (O(2-), H(-) and OH(-)) in C12A7 conductive powders prepared through the hydrogen route, a dominant local environment around Gd(3+) could be observed using electron spin resonance (ESR) detection. It can be ascribed to the stronger coupling of the encaged OH(-) to the framework of C12A7 than those of the encaged electrons, O(2-) and H(-) anions. In addition, emission of Gd(3+) ions is enhanced under UV or low voltage electron beam excitation and a new local environment around Gd(3+) ions appears through the thermal annealing in air because of the decrease of the encaged OH(-) anions and the increase of the encaged O(2-) anions. Our results suggested that Sr(2+) doping in combination with thermal annealing in air is an effective strategy for increasing the conductive performance and enhancing the emission of rare earth ions doped into C12A7 conductive phosphors for low-voltage field emission displays (FEDs).

  19. Narrow spectral emission CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} phosphor crystals for white light emitting diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, A. [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States); Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States); Dutta, P.S., E-mail: duttap@rpi.edu [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States); Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110, 8th Street, Troy, New York, 12180 (United States)

    2013-02-15

    Alkaline earth metal molybdates are promising candidates as a host material for high efficiency narrow spectral emission phosphors. These phosphors could potentially be used for the fabrication of phosphor-converted light emitting diodes (pc-LEDs). Phosphor crystals of calcium molybdate doped with rare earth dopant Ln{sup 3+}(Ln=Eu, Dy, Tb) grown using flux growth method have been shown to exhibit higher excitation efficiency than the powders synthesized by solid-state reaction process. Molybdenum (VI) oxide has been found to be a suitable flux for growing large size optically transparent high quality crystals at a temperature around 1100 Degree-Sign C. Using the excitation wavelengths of 465 nm, 454 nm and 489 nm for CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+}, CaMoO{sub 4}: Dy{sup 3+} and CaMoO{sub 4}: Tb{sup 3+}, respectively, intense emission lines at wavelengths of 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm were observed. The optimized doping concentrations of 12%, 2% and 5% for Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}, respectively, provided the highest luminescence intensity. - Graphical Abstract: CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} phosphor crystals grown using a molybdenum (VI) oxide flux exhibited around 1.5 times the emission intensity of powders obtained from solid-state reaction at the same synthesis temperature. These crystals were found to efficiently emit 615 nm red light when excited by near UV light up to a wavelength of 395 nm. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals were successfully grown using high temperature flux (solutions) containing molybdenum (VI) oxide or lithium chloride. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Narrow spectral emission at 615 nm, 575 nm and 550 nm, respectively, was observed from CaMoO{sub 4}: Ln{sup 3+} (Ln=Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}) phosphor crystals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The optimized doping concentrations of Eu{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} in CaMoO{sub 4} for highest

  20. Comparison of the photoluminescence properties of Eu{sup 2+}, Mn{sup 2+} co-doped M{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}Cl (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Fengli [National Engineering Research Center for Rare Earth Materials, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, and Grirem Advanced Materials Co., Ltd., Beijing 100088 (China); State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); School of Metallurgy and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000 (China); An, Wei [School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wei, Heng-Wei [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Chen, Guantong [National Engineering Research Center for Rare Earth Materials, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, and Grirem Advanced Materials Co., Ltd., Beijing 100088 (China); Zhuang, Weidong, E-mail: wdzhuang@126.com [National Engineering Research Center for Rare Earth Materials, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, and Grirem Advanced Materials Co., Ltd., Beijing 100088 (China); Jing, Xi-Ping, E-mail: xpjing@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2014-03-25

    Highlights: • Good size match between the doped and host cations narrows the emission band. • Low phonon energy of the hosts enhances the luminescence intensity. • “Inverse bottleneck effect” related to Eu/Mn lifetime mismatch causes quenching. • “Charge transfer process” in the Eu–Mn clusters causes quenching. -- Abstract: Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} singly doped or co-doped M{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}Cl (M = Ca, Sr and Ba) phosphors were synthesized by conventional solid state reactions and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, PL decay curves, energy dispersive spectra (EDS) and Raman spectra. The results show that a better size match between the doped cation and the host cation allows a wider solid solution range (e.g. Ca{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+}) and a narrower emission band (e.g. Sr{sup 2+}/Eu{sup 2+} and Ca{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+}). A lower phonon energy of the host (e.g. the Sr phase) reduces the non-radiation probability and enhances the PL efficiency. The PL performance of the Ba phase is exceptional possibly because of the large size difference between the doped cations and the host cations. The transfer efficiency (η) and the emission quantum efficiency (Q) were analyzed. In the studied phosphors, superficially Eu{sup 2+} efficiently transferred its absorbed energy to Mn{sup 2+} but the Q of the Mn{sup 2+} emission was not as high as expected. Two loss mechanisms are proposed: an “inverse bottleneck effect” and “charge transfer” between Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+}.

  1. Thermochemical properties of oxides in Y-Ba-Cu-O, Sr-Bi-O, Cu-Nb-O, Sr-Cu-O, Ca-Cu-O, Cu-O and Hg-Ba-Ca-Cu-O systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moiseev, G.K.; Vatolin, N.A.; Il'inykh, N.I.

    2000-01-01

    Thermochemical properties (ΔH 0 298 , S 0 298 , H 0 298 -H 0 0 , C p (T), C p at T>T melt ) of complex oxides in Y-Ba-Cu-O, Sr-Bi-O, Cu-Nb-O, Sr-Cu-O, Ca-Cu-O, Cu-O and Hg-Ba-Ca-Cu-O systems obtained with application of calculation methods are presented. Nonexperimental methods of estimation, revision and correction of standard formation enthalpies of inorganic compounds are described [ru

  2. Excessive signal transduction of gain-of-function variants of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR are associated with increased ER to cytosol calcium gradient.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Ranieri

    Full Text Available In humans, gain-of-function mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR gene are the cause of autosomal dominant hypocalcemia or type 5 Bartter syndrome characterized by an abnormality of calcium metabolism with low parathyroid hormone levels and excessive renal calcium excretion. Functional characterization of CaSR activating variants has been so far limited at demonstrating an increased sensitivity to external calcium leading to lower Ca-EC50. Here we combine high resolution fluorescence based techniques and provide evidence that for the efficiency of calcium signaling system, cells expressing gain-of-function variants of CaSR monitor cytosolic and ER calcium levels increasing the expression of the Sarco-Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-ATPase (SERCA and reducing expression of Plasma Membrane Calcium-ATPase (PMCA. Wild-type CaSR (hCaSR-wt and its gain-of-function (hCaSR-R990G; hCaSR-N124K variants were transiently transfected in HEK-293 cells. Basal intracellular calcium concentration was significantly lower in cells expressing hCaSR-wt and its gain of function variants compared to mock. In line, FRET studies using the D1ER probe, which detects [Ca2+]ER directly, demonstrated significantly higher calcium accumulation in cells expressing the gain of function CaSR variants compared to hCaSR-wt. Consistently, cells expressing activating CaSR variants showed a significant increase in SERCA activity and expression and a reduced PMCA expression. This combined parallel regulation in protein expression increases the ER to cytosol calcium gradient explaining the higher sensitivity of CaSR gain-of-function variants to external calcium. This control principle provides a general explanation of how cells reliably connect (and exacerbate receptor inputs to cell function.

  3. MODIFIKASI KATALIS CaO DENGAN SrO PADA REAKSI TRANSESTERIFIKASI MINYAK JELANTAH MENJADI BIODIESEL MENGGUNAKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Widiarti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Minyak jelantah merupakan salah satu jenis minyak nabati yang dapat digunakan sebagai sumber produksi biodiesel yang murah. Biodiesel dapat diperoleh melalui proses esterifikasi dengan katalis asam maupun transesterifikasi dengan menggunakan katalis homogen basa kuat. Pengolahan minyak jelantah menjadi biodiesel merupakan langkah yang tepat dan efektif untuk menurunkan harga biodiesel karena bahan baku yang murah dan memanfaatkan limbah minyak goreng yang dapat mengatasi masalah pembuangan minyak dan kesehatan masyarakat. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan reaksi transesterifikasi dari minyak jelantah menjadi biodiesel menggunakan katalis CaO dan SrO. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik katalis dan aktivitas katalitiknya pada reaksi transesterifikasi minyak jelantah. Modifikasi katalis dilakukan dengan metode impregnasi SrNO3 pada katalis CaO. Katalis digunakan pada reaksi transesterifikasi minyak jelantah dengan variasi energi  (input daya 80 dan 100 watt, variasi waktu (30, 60, 90, 120 dan 150 detik dan variasi jumlah SrO/CaO (1%, 2%, 4%, 8% dan 16% b/b sebagai katalis. Karakterisasi katalis dilakukan dengan XRD dan FTIR. Hasil analisis XRD menunjukkan bahwa katalis SrO/CaO bersifat kristalin dan mempunyai karakteristik pola difraksi gabungan CaO dan SrO. Reaksi transesterifikasi optimal terjadi dengan aktivitas katalis terbaik pada energi  100 watt, waktu reaksi 120 detik dan jumlah katalis SrO/CaO sebesar 4% b/b dengan produk reaksi metil ester sebesar 92,86%. Wasted cooking oil is one type of vegetable oil that can be used as an inexpensive source of biodiesel production. Biodiesel can be obtained through esterification process with acid catalyst or transesterification using homogeneous catalyst of strong bases. Processing of wasted cooking oil into biodiesel is an appropriate and effective measures to reduce the high price of biodiesel because of cheap raw materials and it can overcome the problem of oil disposal and

  4. Effect of Ag on the peritectic decomposition of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Margulies, L.; Dennis, K.W.; Kramer, M.J.; McCallum, R.W.

    1995-01-01

    During the melt processing of superconducting wires and tapes a number of partial liquid phase regions are entered, and the type and amount of second phases that exist in the melt before cooling are critical in determining the microstructure of the final material. Decomposition pathway of Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O x (Bi2212) with 0, 2, and 10 wt% Ag added was examined at 1 bar PO 2 by performing SAME/EDS analysis on oil quenched samples. A variety of quaternary phase diagrams were constructed to describe the evolution of the phase assemblage with temperature. At all Ag contents, Bi2212 first undergoes a peritectic reaction producing (Sr 1-x Ca x ) 14 Cu 24 O 41 (14,24), Bi 2 (Sr 1-x Ca x ) 4 O x (24x), and liquid

  5. Hydrothermal synthesis and tunable luminescent properties of Sr{sub 2-x}Dy {sub x}CeO{sub 4} rod-like phosphors derived from co-precipitation precursors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He Xianghong [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Teachers' University of Technology, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213001 (China) and Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Precious Metal Chemistry and Technology, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213001 (China)]. E-mail: hexh@jstu.edu.cn; Li Weihua [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Teachers' University of Technology, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213001 (China); Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Precious Metal Chemistry and Technology, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213001 (China); Zhou Quanfa [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Teachers' University of Technology, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213001 (China); Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Precious Metal Chemistry and Technology, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213001 (China)

    2006-09-25

    Uniform rod-like Sr{sub 2-x}Dy {sub x}CeO{sub 4} nano-phosphors with orthorhombic structure were prepared via a hydrothermal method, in the absence of any surfactant or template. The structure, morphology, particle size, and tunable luminescence properties of the samples were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), UV-vis absorption and photoluminescence spectrum, respectively. The as-prepared phase-pure Sr{sub 2-x}Dy {sub x}CeO{sub 4} nanorods had the length of 50-150 nm and width of 80 nm. The Dy{sup 3+} ions emission in Sr{sub 2-x}Dy {sub x}CeO{sub 4} could be effectively excited through the energy absorbed by Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} host. The tunable photoluminescence has been observed from Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} doped with Dy{sup 3+} ions. Emission color of Sr{sub 2-x}Dy {sub x}CeO{sub 4} phosphor could be regulated from blue-white to white to yellow by adjusting the Dy{sup 3+} doping content in Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} host, which originated from energy transfer between two different emission centers.

  6. White LED based on CaAl2Si2O8:Eu2+ Mn2+ phosphor and CdS/ZnS quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Changyu; Zhong, Chuan; Hou, Qianglong; Li, Ke

    2011-02-01

    Core/shell CdS/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) with the emission wavelength of 610nm, was synthesized by thermal deposition using cadmium oxide and selenium as precursors in a hot lauric acid and hexadecylamine trioctylphosphine oxide hybrid. CaAl2Si2O8:Eu2+ Mn2+ phosphor was synthesized by high-temperature solid state reaction at 1290 °C for 2 hours under the H2 reducing atmosphere, and X-ray powder diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of it. It has two emission bands peaking at 420 nm and 580nm originated from the transition 5d to 4f of Eu2+ and 4T1-6A1 of Mn2+, respectively. Blends of CaAl2Si2O8:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor and CdS/ZnS QDs exhibited the prominent spectral evolution with an increasing content of QDs. A hybrid white LED, which combines a blue LED with the blend of CaAl2Si2O8:Eu2+ Mn2+ phosphor and QDs with a weight ratio of 2:1, with the CIE coordinate of (0.3183, 0.3036) and CRI of 85 was obtained.

  7. Synthesis, characterisation, luminescence and defect centres in solution combustion synthesised CaZrO{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Vijay, E-mail: vijayjiin2006@yahoo.com [School of Information and Communications, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of); Watanabe, S.; Gundu Rao, T.K. [Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, 05508-090 Sao Paulo/SP (Brazil); Al-Shamery, Katharina [Physical Chemistry, Institute for Pure and Applied Chemistry and Center of Interface Science University of Oldenburg, 26129 Oldenburg (Germany); Haase, Markus [Department of Inorganic Chemistry I-Materials Research, Institute of Chemistry, University of Osnabrueck, Barbarastrabe 7, 49069 Osnabrueck (Germany); Jho, Young-Dahl, E-mail: jho@gist.ac.kr [School of Information and Communications, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    Tb{sup 3+} doped CaZrO{sub 3} has been prepared by an easy solution combustion synthesis method. The combustion derived powder was investigated by X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy techniques. A room temperature photoluminescence study showed that the phosphors can be efficiently excited by 251 nm light with a weak emission in the blue and orange region and a strong emission in green light region. CaZrO{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+} exhibits three thermoluminescence (TL) glow peaks at 126 Degree-Sign C, 200 Degree-Sign C and 480 Degree-Sign C. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) studies were carried out to study the defect centres induced in the phosphor by gamma irradiation and also to identify the centres responsible for the TL peaks. The room temperature ESR spectrum of irradiated phosphor appears to be a superposition of two distinct centres. One of the centres (centre I) with principal g-value 2.0233 is identified as an O{sup -} ion. Centre II with an axial symmetric g-tensor with principal values g{sub Up-Tack }=1.9986 and g{sub Up-Tack }=2.0023 is assigned to an F{sup +} centre (singly ionised oxygen vacancy). An additional defect centre is observed during thermal annealing experiments and this centre (assigned to F{sup +} centre) seems to originate from an F centre (oxygen vacancy with two electrons). The F centre and also the F{sup +} centre appear to correlate with the observed high temperature TL peak in CaZrO{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+} phosphor. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Powder phosphor of CaZrO{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+} was prepared by an easy solution combustion synthesis method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The phosphor exhibits a bright green emission at 545 nm ({sup 5}D{sub 4}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub 5}) of the Tb{sup 3+} ion. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Electron Spin Resonance studies have been carried out to identify the defect centres responsible for the observed thermoluminescence peaks.

  8. Enhancement of photoluminescence properties and modification of crystal structures of Si3N4 doping Li2Sr0.995SiO4:0.005Eu2+ phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song, Kaixin; Zhang, Fangfang; Chen, Daqin; Wu, Song; Zheng, Peng; Huang, Qingming; Jiang, Jun; Xu, Junming; Qin, Huibin

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Si 3 N 4 modified Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4 :0.005Eu 2+ phosphors were prepared. • The luminescence intensity of Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4 :Eu 2+ was enhanced by doping Si 3 N 4 . • The fluorescence decay times and thermal stability were enhanced by doping Si 3 N 4 . - Abstract: Si 3 N 4 modified Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4 :0.005Eu 2+ (Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4−3x/2 N x :0.005Eu 2+ ) phosphors were synthesized with the conventional solid-state reaction in the reduced atmosphere. The crystal structure and vibrational modes were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering spectroscopy and Rietveld crystal structure refinement. Photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectra showed that Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4−3x/2 N x :0.005Eu 2+ powder exhibited a broad yellow emission band centered at 560 nm under the excitation of 460 nm visible light, due to the 4f 6 5d 1 → 4f 7 transition of Eu 2+ . The partial nitridation of Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4−3x/2 N x :0.005Eu 2+ (x = 0.01) phosphors led to a large enhancement in the luminescence intensity, as much as 190%. At the same time, the fluorescence decay behavior curves further showed that the photoluminescence efficiencies of Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4−3x/2 N x :0.005Eu 2+ phosphors were enhanced by addition of Si 3 N 4 . The temperature quenching characteristics confirmed that the oxynitride based Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4−3x/2 N x :0.005Eu 2+ showed slightly higher stability. It is implied that Li 2 Sr 0.995 SiO 4−3x/2 N x :0.005Eu 2+ phosphors had a possible potential application on white LEDs to match blue light chips

  9. Structure, magnetism, and transport properties for Ca doping in Sr2IrO4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guotai Zhou

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available An immediate quenching using liquid N2 is applied for synthesizing the 5d transition-metal oxides (Sr1-xCax2IrO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15 single phase. X-ray diffraction together with Rietveld refinement shows that the lattice parameters along a and c directions and the bond angle of Ir-O2-Ir decrease with the increase of Ca content. X-ray Absorption Fine Spectroscopy measurements prove that the valence of Ir and the average Ir-O bond-length substantially remain unchanged with Ca content increasing in the phase. The effective magnetic moment μeff and Néel temperature TN decrease simultaneously with increased Ca content. Electrical resistivity shows complex temperature dependence behavior, which follows the three-dimensional variable range hopping behavior at low temperature, Arrhenius-type behavior at middle-temperature, and a weak electronic localization in quasi-two-dimensional at high temperature.

  10. Sol–gel assisted synthesis and photoluminescence property of Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} red phosphor for white light emitting diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Wentao, E-mail: zhangwentao2005@163.com [College of Materials and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059 (China); Mineral Resources Chemistry Key Laboratory of Sichuan Higher Education Institutions, Chengdu 610059 (China); Wang, Yulong; Gao, Yang [College of Materials and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059 (China); Long, Jianping [College of Materials and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059 (China); Mineral Resources Chemistry Key Laboratory of Sichuan Higher Education Institutions, Chengdu 610059 (China); Li, Junfeng [College of Materials and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059 (China)

    2016-05-15

    Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} co-doped Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8} red phosphors were prepared using a sol–gel-nitridation method at a lower temperature comparing with traditional solid state reaction. Effects of synthesis process, Eu{sup 2+} and Dy{sup 3+} doping concentration on the crystal structure and luminescence property of as-prepared phosphors were investigated. X-ray diffraction patterns indicated that all Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have the standard phase of Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8} structure. With a broad excitation from UV to blue light, a strong emission of Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} with 4f{sup 6}5d{sup 1}→4f{sup 7} transition of Eu{sup 2+} ions was obtained at red region in photoluminescence spectra. Emission peaks in spectra were red-shifted from 611 to 632 nm for all Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:xEu{sup 2+} as Eu{sup 2+} ion concentrations increased, which due to Eu{sup 2+} ions occupying from the tenfold coordinated site (Sr1) to the eightfold coordinated site (Sr2). These Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors with Dy{sup 3+} co-doping showed excellent luminescence properties, included emission intensity and luminescence quenching. It is potential that Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors can be applied in white LEDs combining with blue InGaN LEDs. - Highlights: • Eu{sup 2+}/Dy{sup 3+} co-doped Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8} red phosphor were prepared by sol–gel-nitridation. • Sol–gel-nitridation method decreased the crystallization temperature of Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} effectively. • Luminescence properties of Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+} were improved obviously by Dy{sup 3+} co-doping. • Luminescence properties of Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors are superior to commercial Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Eu{sup 3+}.

  11. The effect of doping Mg2+ on structure and properties of Sr(1.992-x)MgxSiO4: 0.008Eu2+ blue phosphor synthesized by co-precipitation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lingxiang; Wang, Jin-shan; Zhu, Da-chuan; Pu, Yong; Zhao, Cong; Han, Tao

    2018-01-01

    In order to improve the luminescence property of silicate phosphors, a series of Sr(1.992-x)MgxSiO4: 0.008Eu2+(x = 0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) blue phosphors have been synthesized using one-step calcination of a precursor prepared by chemical co-precipitation. And then the crystal structure and luminescence properties of the phosphors are investigated by means of X-Ray Diffraction and spectrophotometer. The results show that β-phase existed in the mixed phases of Sr2SiO4 (β+α‧) would transform to α‧-phase with Mg2+ ions doping into the silicate host until it disappeared. On the other hand, the introduction of Mg2+ ions can enhance the intensity of the excitation spectrum and promote the excitation sensitivity of Sr(1.992-x)MgxSiO4: 0.008Eu2+ phosphors in NUV region. Under NUV excitation at 350 nm, all samples exhibit a broadband emission in range of 400-550 nm due to the 4f65d1→4f7(8S7/2) transition of Eu2+ ions. According to Multi-peak fitting to emission spectra by Gauss method, the broad emission band consists of two single bands with peaks Em1 and Em2 locating at 460 and 490 nm, which corresponds to Eu2+ ions occupying the ten-fold oxygen-coordinated Sr1 site and the nine-fold oxygen-coordinated Sr2 site, respectively. The luminescence intensity of Sr(1.992-x)MgxSiO4:0.008Eu2+(x = 0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) blue phosphors has been enhanced remarkably after Mg2+ ions are added. Meanwhile, the chromaticity coordinates change from the blue-green region to the blue region as x moves from 0 to 0.75. Moreover, the decay curves are measured and can be well fitted with double exponential decay equation. It shows that the average lifetime is extended with the concentration of Mg2+ ions increasing. These results indicate that Sr(1.992-x)MgxSiO4: 0.008Eu2+(x = 0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) can be used as a potential blue phosphor in near UV-excited white LEDs.

  12. Novel biocompatible magnesium alloys design with nutrient alloying elements Si, Ca and Sr: Structure and properties characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Weidan; Han, Junjie [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Yang, Xuan; Li, Mei [Department of Orthopedics, Guangdong Key Lab of Orthopaedic Technology and Implant Materials, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, 111 Liuhua Road, Guangzhou 510010 (China); Wan, Peng, E-mail: pwan@imr.ac.cn [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Tan, Lili [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Zhang, Yu [Department of Orthopedics, Guangdong Key Lab of Orthopaedic Technology and Implant Materials, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, 111 Liuhua Road, Guangzhou 510010 (China); Yang, Ke, E-mail: kyang@imr.ac.cn [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China)

    2016-12-15

    Highlights: • A non-toxic Mg-based alloy system with nutrient elements Si, Sr, Ca is proposed. • Properties improved due to morphology of coarse Mg{sub 2}Si change into small polygon. • Fewer, finer and homogenized Mg{sub 2}Si particles are obtained after anneal-treated. • Cytocompatibility results indicate a potential application in orthopedic. - Abstract: Magnesium has been widely studied as a biodegradable material, where its mechanical property and biocompatibility make it preferred candidate for orthopedic implant. Proper alloying can further improve the properties of Mg. First and foremost, to guarantee the biosafety for biomedical application, the alloying element should be toxic free. To address this point, nutrient elements including Si, Sr and Ca were selected due to their biological functions in human body, especially in bone regeneration and repair. In this study, 0.5–1.0 wt% Sr and Ca were used to refine and modify the morphology of coarse Mg{sub 2}Si in Mg-1.38wt% Si to obtain an uniform microstructure. Microstructure, mechanical and degradation properties of as-cast and homogenizing-annealed quaternary Mg-1.38Si-xSr-yCa (x, y = 0.5–1 wt%) alloys were investigated by optical microscopy, scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray diffraction, tensile and electrochemical measurement. Addition of Sr and Ca element cause a morphological change in Mg{sub 2}Si particles from coarse Chinese script shape to small polygonal type. The presences of intermetallic phases, such as Mg{sub 2}Si, CaMgSi and Mg{sub 17}Sr{sub 2}, were confirmed in quaternary alloys, of which content was applied to interpret the results for the quaternary system. Compared with the as-cast state, fewer, finer and homogenized microstructure were observed after an anneal heat treatment under 500 °C. The mechanical properties were improved with increase of Ca and Sr additions, which was related to the evolution of the microstructure and second phases, however, also causing an

  13. Luminescent properties of MAl(SO4)2 Br:Eu(3+) (M = Sr or Mg) red phosphors for near-UV light-emitting diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshmukh, Priti B; Puppalwar, S P; Dhoble, N S; Dhoble, S J

    2015-02-01

    Eu(3+) -activated MAl(SO4 )2 Br phosphors (where M = Mg or Sr) are successfully prepared using a wet chemical reaction technique. The samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies. The XRD pattern revealed that both the samples are microcrystalline in nature. PL of Eu(3+) -doped SrAl(SO4 )2 Br and MgAl(SO4 )2 Br phosphors exhibited characteristic red emission coming from the (5) D0  → (7) F2 (616 nm) electron transition, when excited by 396 nm wavelength of light. The maximum intensity of luminescence was observed at a concentration of 1 mol% Eu(3+) . The intensity of the electric dipole transition at 616 nm is greater than that of the magnetic dipole transition at 594 nm. The results showed that MAl(SO4 )2 Br:Eu(3+) , (M = Mg, Sr) phosphors have potential application in near-UV light-emitting diodes as efficient red-emitting phosphor. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. SiO{sub 2} effect on spectral and colorimetric properties of europium doped SrO{sub 2}-MgO-xSiO{sub 2} (0.8 {<=} x {<=} 1.6) phosphor for white LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, B J; Jang, K W; Lee, H S; Jayasimhadri, M; Cho, E J [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon, 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Yi, S S [Department of Photonics, Silla University, Pusan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, J H [Department of Physics, Pukyong National University, Pusan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: kwjang@changwon.ac.kr

    2009-05-21

    Silicate phosphors with compositions 1.99 SrO{sub 2}-1.0 MgO-xSiO{sub 2}-0.01 Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.4 and 1.6) were prepared in a reducing atmosphere via a solid state reaction. The resultant phosphors were examined by using x-ray diffraction and confirmed to be a mixture of monoclinic Sr{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and orthorhombic Mg{sub 2}(Si{sub 2}O{sub 4}). The scanning electron microscope images revealed that SiO{sub 2} content does not influence the morphology of the resultant phosphors. It was also observed that the excitation spectra are dependent on the monitored emission wavelength, and the emission spectra are dependent on the excitation wavelength and the SiO{sub 2} content. The energy transfer between Eu{sup 2+} ions occupying different Sr{sup 2+} sites was discussed. The colour coordinates for these phosphors are tunable based on both the excitation wavelength and the SiO{sub 2} content.

  15. [Effect of different excitation monitoring wavelengths on emission spectrum of red long afterglow phosphor Sr3Al2O6 : Eu2+, Dy3+].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Cai-e; Li, Jian; Huang, Ping; Liang, Li-ping; Wu, Yin-lan

    2012-01-01

    The Eu2+ and Dy3+ ion co-doped Sr3Al2O6 phosphor powders with long afterglow were prepared with high temperature solid-state reaction. The phase and the spectra properties of the material were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and fluorescence spectrophotometer. It was found that the sample is composed of pure Sr3Al2O6 phase. Furthermore, the emission peak of 537 nm under 360 nm excitation and that of 590 nm excited by 468 nm-light were obtained, respectively, and it is more interesting that the emission peaks were at 537 and 590 nm under 394 nm excitation. The effects of different excitation wavelengths on the emission spectrum were explained reasonably by the effect of nephelauxetic effect and crystal field. It revealed that the two types of luminescence with different color were caused by the differences of the center of gravity of the 5d excited state energy level and the split range of 5d energy level.

  16. Boron-Containing Red Light-Emitting Phosphors And Light Sources Incorporating The Same

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Alok Mani; Comanzo, Holly Ann; Manivannan, Venkatesan

    2006-03-28

    A boron-containing phosphor comprises a material having a formula of AD1-xEuxB9O16, wherein A is an element selected from the group consisting of Ba, Sr, Ca, Mg, and combinations thereof; D is at least an element selected from the group consisting of rare-earth metals other than europium; and x is in the range from about 0.005 to about 0.5. The phosphor is used in a blend with other phosphors in a light source for generating visible light with a high color rendering index.

  17. Conductivity and superconductivity of (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gazda, M.; Kusz, B.; Klimczuk, T.; Natali, R.; Stizza, S.

    2007-01-01

    The (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O glass-ceramics may be considered as disordered metal and superconductor. Depending on the heat treatment conditions the materials are either composed of the oval grains of the 2212 or 2201 phases embedded in the insulating matrix or they mainly contain the 2212 plate-like crystallites weakly connected one with another. The materials have large resistivity and usually large negative temperature coefficient of resistivity (TCR). The granular and disordered character of the materials is also reflected in their superconducting properties. Both the normal-state and superconducting properties correlate one with another. The glass-ceramic samples were obtained by annealing the amorphous solid at temperatures between 840 and 860 deg. C. The measurements of the temperature dependence of resistivity in annealed samples were carried out with the conventional four-terminal method in a temperature range from 3 to 300 K

  18. Preparation and properties of superconducting Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O materials by the alkoxide process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uchikawa, Fusaoki; Kobayashi, Toshio; Usami, Ryo; Yoshizaki, Kiyoshi

    1989-01-01

    Homogeneous starting solutions were synthesized using Bi, Sr, Ca and Cu alkoxides. Powders, thick films and gel fibers were prepared respectively by controlling hydrolysis using the same solutions. The synthesized powder had a homogeneous particle size. The fired powder showed a good crystallization property. The thick film coated on MgO substrate using the synthesized sol solution had a smooth surface and a uniformity of each metal elements. The film showed the c-axis orientation and was shown to have the zero resistance temperature of 90 K and the critical current density of 180 A/cm 2 at 77 K. The fiber drawn from the viscous gel solution showed a comparatively large shrinkage with hear treatment. The fired fiber was brittle and had a low strength. It was also found for the fired fiber that zero resistance temperature was 70 K and the critical current density was 90 A/cm 2 at 77 K

  19. Flux line patterns in Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Ox

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weiss, F.; Hardy, V.; Provost, J.; Ruyter, A.; Simon, C.

    1994-01-01

    Results of the defect influence on the flux line lattice in Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 1 Cu 2 O x single crystals are presented. These crystals, non irradiated or irradiated at GANIL with heavy ions (Pb 56+ , 6 GeV) have been decorated with Ni particles in the superconducting state using the Bitter technique. The defects involved are columnar defects. Resulting decorated flux line patterns have been characterized using scanning electron microscopy and computer image analysis. Disorder of the decorated flux line networks has been found to be strongly dependent on the defect density, which results from the irradiation. In order to characterize this disorder, a method for determining elastic energy terms in the deformation of flux line patterns has been investigated. This method can be applied if Fourier transforms of the decorated flux line patterns exhibit distinct reflections. (orig.)

  20. Surface phonons on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phelps, R.B.; Akavoor, P.; Kesmodel, L.L.; Demuth, J.E.; Mitzi, D.B.

    1993-01-01

    We report measurements of surface optical phonons on Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+δ with high-resolution electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (HREELS). In addition to peaks near 50 and 80 meV (403 and 645 cm -1 ), which have been previously observed, our loss spectra exhibit a peak at 26 meV (210 cm -1 ). Loss spectra were measured at temperatures from 45 to 146 K, and the temperature dependence of the peaks was found to be weak. The 50 and 80 meV peaks shift to lower frequency by ∼1.5 meV over this temperature range. All three peaks are attributed to surface optical phonons. The identification of particular bulk modes corresponding to the surface modes observed with HREELS is discussed

  1. Surface phonons on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, R. B.; Akavoor, P.; Kesmodel, L. L.; Demuth, J. E.; Mitzi, D. B.

    1993-11-01

    We report measurements of surface optical phonons on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ with high-resolution electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (HREELS). In addition to peaks near 50 and 80 meV (403 and 645 cm-1), which have been previously observed, our loss spectra exhibit a peak at 26 meV (210 cm-1). Loss spectra were measured at temperatures from 45 to 146 K, and the temperature dependence of the peaks was found to be weak. The 50 and 80 meV peaks shift to lower frequency by ~1.5 meV over this temperature range. All three peaks are attributed to surface optical phonons. The identification of particular bulk modes corresponding to the surface modes observed with HREELS is discussed.

  2. Magnetic, electronic, dielectric and optical properties of Pr(Ca:Sr)MnO 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sichelschmidt, J.; Paraskevopoulos, M.; Brando, M.; Wehn, R.; Ivannikov, D.; Mayr, F.; Pucher, K.; Hemberger, J.; Pimenov, A.; Krug von Nidda, H.-A.; Lunkenheimer, P.; Ivanov, V. Yu.; Mukhin, A. A.; Balbashov, A. M.; Loidl, A.

    2001-03-01

    The charge-ordered perovskite Pr0.65Ca0.28Sr0.07MnO3 was investigated by means of magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, dielectric and optical spectroscopy and electron-spin resonance techniques. Under moderate magnetic fields, the charge order melts yielding colossal magnetoresistance effects with changes of the resistivity over eleven orders of magnitude. The optical conductivity is studied from audio frequencies far into the visible spectral regime. Below the phonon modes hopping conductivity is detected. Beyond the phonon modes the optical conductivity is explained by polaronic excitations out of a bound state. ESR techniques yield detailed informations on the (H,T ) phase diagram and reveal a broadening of the linewidth which can be modeled in terms of activated polaron hopping.

  3. Superconductivity in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O compounds some characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escudero, R.

    1989-01-01

    The authors have prepared 90% single phase bulk samples of the 110K superconducting phase of the Bi-Sr- Ca-Cu-O compounds with different Pb amounts. This paper presents critical superconducting temperatures (zero resistance) of up to 109K were measured in the bulk samples. X-ray powder diffraction patterns of the almost isolated 110K phase. Computer simulated diffractograms were obtained, which are in general agreement with the measured ones. A discussion of the role of Pb in the stability of the 110K phase in this compounds is presented. Tunnelling measurements were made using Bi-based material. The authors studied break junctions and point contact junctions. The energy gap was determined to be about 25.5 meV and the ratio 2Δ/KBTc = 7.5. The data also show structure at energies of 67 and 120 meV

  4. Crystalline phases and electronic structures in superconducting Bi endash Sr endash Ca endash Cu oxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giardina, M.D.; Feduzi, R.; Inzaghi, D.; Manara, A.; Giori, C.; Sora, I.N.; Dallacasa, V.

    1997-01-01

    Two classes of samples, designated A and B, of layered Bi endash Sr endash Ca endash Cu oxides having the same nominal composition 4:3:3:4, but different thermal histories, were investigated by using field modulated microwave absorption (ESR), powder x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and x-ray absorption near the edge structure (XANES). Previous electrical resistivity measurements showed that the B samples only presented two superconducting phases with midpoints of the transition temperatures at ∼80K and ∼105K. The microwave absorption technique indicated instead the presence of islands which became superconducting at the above-mentioned temperatures also in the A samples. The crystalline and electronic structures of the two types of samples are illustrated and discussed. A plausible theoretical interpretation of the experimental results, based on a quantum percolation model with Coulomb interaction, is also given. copyright 1997 Materials Research Society

  5. Retrograde densification in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, D.W. Jr.; Rhodes, W.W.

    1989-01-01

    Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 was prepared using the mixed oxide-carbonate method and sintered at temperatures ranging from 850 degrees to 911 degrees C. The samples were characterized for density, mechanical strength, phase composition, microstructure, and superconducting transition temperatures. A unique retrograde densification characteristic is demonstrated in the temperature range 850 degrees to 890 degrees C whereby the material first becomes less dense as the sintering temperature is raised, and only in a narrow temperature range from 900 degrees to 905 degrees C does the material densify then with the formation of a liquid phase. This retrograde densification, coupled with a narrow sintering range overlapping the melting temperature, makes this compound a difficult one to process

  6. Dielectric and electrical characteristics of Sr modified Ca1Cu3Ti4O12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, M.; Choudhary, R. N. P.; Roul, B. K.

    2018-05-01

    This paper mainly reports on the effect of Sr substitution on dielectric and electrical properties of CaCu3Ti4O12 at different temperature and frequency. Preliminary analysis of X-ray diffraction data of sintered samples confirms the reported cubic structure. Study of surface morphology shows that the surface of the samples contains well-defined and uniformly distributed grains. Some electrical parameters (permittivity, tangent loss and impedance) of the materials were measured and analyzed over a wide range of temperature (25 to 315 °C) and frequency (50 to 2x106 Hz). The ultra high dielectric constant and low energy dissipation have been observed in the said experimental conditions of phase-pure prepared compounds. It is expected that the addition of nano-size compounds or oxide will help to enhance the above properties useful for fabrication of super-capacitor.

  7. The mechanical deformation of superconducting BiSrCaCuO/Ag composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, Z.; Skov-Hansen, P.; Freltoft, T.

    1997-01-01

    The mechanical deformation of BiSrCaCuO/Ag composites made by the powder-in-tube method is a multi-step process. The main difficulty is that the mechanical properties of the ceramic powder are very different from those of the Ag sheath. A key parameter is the core density, which changes during mechanical deformation. In this review, basic concepts of the classical mechanical deformation theory are briefly discussed. Simple descriptions of deformation processes like pressing, rolling, drawing and extrusion are also presented. The term 'freedom parameter', Δ f , is introduced to illustrate the influence of various constraint factors on the mass-flow behaviour. Simple pictures including mass redistribution and the powder-flow model are presented for interpreting the plastic deformation process of the composites. Experimental results are reviewed and our proposed pictures and models are applied for discussion. (author)

  8. Electrical properties of BiSrCaCuO films (2223)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Okunev, V.D.; Pafomov, N.N.; Perekrestov, B.I.; Svistunov, V.M.

    1996-01-01

    The mechanisms of electrical conductivity of BiSrCaCuO films (2223) of different structural states are investigated. The films of an amorphous state (ρ = 10 3 - 10 10 Ohm centre dot cm) display a hopping conductivity with a variable hop length. Since the formation of a crystal structure (ρ = 10 - 10 3 Ohm centre dot cm) and up to the transition to a metal conductivity state (ρ ≅ 10 -2 Ohm centre dot cm) their electrical properties are similar to those of granular films featuring the exponential relation between specific resistance and separation between granules of metallic conductivity. In the vicinity of insulators-metal transition they feature the electrical conductivity-temperature relation with exponents 1/2 and 1/3. The transition to the metallic state is of a percolation nature and realized for a metal phase concentration of c m ≅ 0.2

  9. Double perovskite Ca2GdNbO6:Mn4+ deep red phosphor: Potential application for warm W-LEDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zuizhi; Huang, Tianjiao; Deng, Ruopeng; Wang, Huan; Wen, Lingling; Huang, Meixin; Zhou, Liya; Yao, Chunying

    2018-05-01

    A novel Mn4+-doped Ca2GdNbO6 (CGN) phosphor was prepared by high-temperature solid-state reaction. The crystal structure was investigated by X-ray diffraction patterns and unit cell structure. Mn4+ replaced the location of Nb5+ in the CGN lattice, and the value of energy gap (Egap) decreased from 2.16 eV to 1.13 eV, indicating that Mn4+ ions play a great influence on the absorption of CGN hosts. The broad excitation band from 250 nm to 550 nm matches well with commercial near-UV light emitting diodes, and the emission peak centered at 680 nm is due to 2E→4A2g transition in Mn4+ ions. The CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.698, 0.303) of CGN:Mn4+ phosphor was close to standard red color coordinates (0.666, 0.333). These investigations demonstrate CGN:Mn4+ phosphor as an efficient red phosphor for potential applications.

  10. Low temperature synthesis and photoluminescent properties of CaMoO4:Eu3+ red phosphor with uniform micro-assemblies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yu, Fangyi; Zuo, Jian; Zhao, Zhi; Jiang, Chengying; Yang, Qing

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → Synthesis of Eu 3+ -doped CaMoO 4 red phosphor via a facile hydrothermal method. → The morphology of the materials was manipulated using different alkaline sources. → Micro-structures were assembled by small nanostructures. → Luminescent investigations confirmed that the Eu 3+ ions have been effectively doped into the nanostructures. → Schematic diagram for the energy transfer clearly reveals the photoluminescent mechanism. -- Abstract: Scheelite-type Eu 3+ -doped CaMoO 4 red phosphor with uniform micro-assemblies has been successfully synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method at 120 o C for 10 h. The Eu 3+ -doped CaMoO 4 microstructures were assembled by small nanostructures and the morphology of materials was found to be manipulated by dropping different alkalis into the stock solution for the first time. The structure, morphology, and luminescent property were characterized and investigated by techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and photoluminescence (PL). The luminescent investigations confirmed that the Eu 3+ ions have been effectively doped into CaMoO 4 nanostructures. The successfully achieved Eu 3+ -doped CaMoO 4 nanostructures will be potential in technological applications on near UV chip-based white light emitting diode (WLED).

  11. Hyperthyroidism causes mechanical insufficiency of myocardium with possibly increased SR Ca2+-ATPase activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Koh; Minakawa, M; Otaki, M; Odagiri, S; Itoh, K; Murakami, A; Yaku, H; Kitamura, N

    2003-12-01

    Hyperthyroidism is known to affect multiple organ functions, and thyroid hormone has been known to improve myocardial function in a failing heart. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the functional and metabolic effects of thyroid hormone on myocardium in a rat model exposed to long-term excess thyroid hormone, particularly focusing on the SR Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2) function. 3,5,3'-Triiodo-L-thyronine (T3), or the vehicle, was subcutaneously given for 4 weeks (T3 and control [C] group). Bolus I.V. Thapsigargin (TG) was used to test the SERCA2 function (C-TG and T3-TG) in Langendorff perfused heart. Myocardial functions such as LV-developed pressure (LVDP; mmHg), +/- dP/dt (mmHg/s), tau (ms), and oxygen consumption (MVO(2); ml/min/g wt) were measured. SERCA2 and GLUT4 protein level were also evaluated by Western immunoblotting. Left ventricle to body weight (LV/BW) ratio was significantly higher in the T3 group. Both negative dP/dt and tau were significantly decreased by TG. It is interesting that the decrement of negative dP/dt and tau attained by TG was significantly larger in the hyperthyroid group (T3-TG) than in a normal heart (C-TG). SERCA2 and GLUT4 protein levels were not significantly different between control and the T3 group. We conclude that prolonged exposure to thyroid hormone causes hypertrophy of the myocardium and an augmentation of the SR Ca(2+) ATPase activity. Care must be taken in hyperthyroid heart during the ischemia-reperfusion process where the SRECA2 function is inhibited.

  12. Superconducting thin films of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O by laser ablation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bedekar, M.M.

    1992-01-01

    The discovery of a new class of copper oxide superconductors has led to the development of three major systems that exhibit superconducting properties. The Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductors offer intrinsic advantages due to the high T c , chemical inertness and tolerance for a range of compositions. However, thin film research on these materials has progressed more slowly than the other cuprate systems. This dissertation examines the film growth, by laser ablation, of the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductors and the effect of the deposition parameters such as the laser target interaction, substrate temperature, target to substrate distance, deposition and cooling pressure, target type and processing and the substrate type. CO 2 laser ablation was shown to give rise to a non-stoichiometric material transfer due to the low fluences and long pulse lengths. In situ superconducting thin films with T c(0) 's of 76 K could be deposited using the KrF laser at substrate temperatures of 5 degrees C to 20 degrees C below phases. Lower temperatures gave rise to a mixture of 2201 and glassy phases. An increase in the target to substrate distance led to a deterioration of the electrical and structural properties of the films due to a decrease in the energy for film formation. A maximum in T c(0) was observed at 450 mtorr as the deposition pressure was varied between 200 to 700 mtorr. Optimum oxygen incorporation could be achieved by cooling the films in high oxygen pressures and the best films were obtained with 700 torr cooling pressure. The oxygen deficiency of the hot pressed targets led to inferior properties compared to the conventionally sintered targets. The microwave surface resistance of the films measured at 35 GHz showed an onset at 80 K and dropped below that of copper at 30 K. The study of the laser ablation process in this system revealed the presence of a stoichiometric forward directed component and a diffuse evaporation component

  13. Tunable Yellow-Red Photoluminescence and Persistent Afterglow in Phosphors Ca4LaO(BO3)3:Eu3+ and Ca4EuO(BO3)3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhen; Pan, Yuexiao; Xi, Luqing; Pang, Ran; Huang, Shaoming; Liu, Guokui

    2016-11-07

    In most Eu 3+ activated phosphors, only red luminescence from the 5 D 0 is obtainable, and efficiency is limited by concentration quenching. Herein we report a new phosphor of Ca 4 LaO(BO 3 ) 3 :Eu 3+ (CLBO:Eu) with advanced photoluminescence properties. The yellow luminescence emitted from the 5 D 1,2 states is not thermally quenched at room temperature. The relative intensities of the yellow and red emission bands depend strongly on the Eu 3+ doping concentration. More importantly, concentration quenching of Eu 3+ photoluminescence is absent in this phosphor, and the stoichiometric compound of Ca 4 EuO(BO 3 ) 3 emits stronger luminescence than the Eu 3+ doped compounds of CLBO:Eu; it is three times stronger than that of a commercial red phosphor of Y 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ . Another beneficial phenomenon is that ligand-to-metal charge transfer (CT) transitions occur in the long UV region with the lowest charge transfer band (CTB) stretched down to about 3.67 eV (∼330 nm). The CT transitions significantly enhance Eu 3+ excitation, and thus result in stronger photoluminescence and promote trapping of excitons for persistent afterglow emission. Along with structure characterization, optical spectra and luminescence dynamics measured under various conditions as a function of Eu 3+ doping, temperature, and excitation wavelength are analyzed for a fundamental understanding of electronic interactions and for potential applications.

  14. Thermoluminescence properties of Mn-doped CaYAl3O7 phosphor irradiated with ultra-violet, mega-voltage and gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pathak, Pushpraj; Selot, Anupam; Kurchania, Rajnish

    2014-01-01

    Low temperature combustion synthesis was employed for the preparation of CaYAl 3 O 7 (Mn 2+ ) phosphor. X-Ray diffraction (XRD) patterns were recorded to confirm the phase formation. Estimated particle size was found to be ∼19.9 nm by using the Debye Scherrer's formula. FTIR study confirms the formation of CaYAl 3 O 7 compound, escape of nitrates and other organic products. Thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves of the prepared phosphor were recorded after exposing the sample with Ultra-violet (UV), 6-Mega-voltage (MV), 16-MV and Co-60(Cobalt-60, 1.25-MeV average gamma energy) radiation. Trapping parameters namely activation energy (E), order of kinetics (b) and frequency factor(s) of main peak, centered around 186 °C in the sample irradiated with UV source for 20 min, were determined using glow curve shape (Chen's) method. It has been observed that the TL peak intensity increases with increasing the exposure from UV source. Also with increases the energy of incident radiation a decrease in TL peak intensity were observed. This could be due to higher penetration power and less absorbance of incident beam in the phosphor material. Analysis suggests that possibility of utilizing this phosphor in futuristic low and high energy dosimetric applications as well as in solid state lighting devices. - Highlights: • The average particle size was found to be 19.9 nm of CaYAl 3 O 7 :Mn 2+ phosphor synthesized by the combustion method. • Two glow peaks were recorded in UV exposed sample. However with Gamma and MV irradiated sample a single glow peak was observed. • TL intensity in the sample irradiated with UV is higher as compared to Gamma and MV. • Glow peaks of the phosphor obeys second order kinetic has 0.637 eV activation energy and 9.9×10 7 S −1 frequency factor. • Useful in radiation dosimetry as well as solid state lighting

  15. Dosimetry characterization of the commercial CaF{sub 2} for beta radiation of {sup 90}Sr + {sup 90}Y; Caracterizacao dosimetrica de CaF{sub 2} comercial para radiacao beta de {sup 90}Sr + {sup 90}Y

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Mercia L.; Caldas, Linda V.E. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: mlolivei@ipen.br, e-mail: lcaldas@ipen.br

    2003-07-01

    This work studies the dosimetric characteristics of the CaF{sub 2} commercial dosimetry for detection of {sup 90}Sr + {sup 90}Y beta radiation for using in the calibration of flat and concave appliers. Were determined the repetitiousness and linearity of answers of the samples, and their calibration curves.

  16. Synthesis and investigation of photo/cathodoluminescence properties of a novel green emission phosphor Sr{sub 8}ZnLu(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, Qiang; Wang, Chuang; Li, Yanyan; Ding, Jianyan [Department of Materials Science, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University (China); Key Laborary of Special Function Materials and Structure Design, Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Tianshui South Road No. 222, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000 (China); Wang, Yuhua, E-mail: wyh@lzu.edu.cn [Department of Materials Science, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University (China); Key Laborary of Special Function Materials and Structure Design, Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Tianshui South Road No. 222, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000 (China)

    2016-06-25

    An Eu{sup 2+}-activated Sr{sub 8}ZnLu(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} (SZLP:Eu{sup 2+}) green emitting phosphor was synthesized and its crystal structure has been refined and determined from the XRD profiles by Rietveld refinement method. The excitation spectra of the SZLP:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors covered the range from 250 to 450 nm, which matches well with n-UV chips. SZLP:Eu{sup 2+} exhibited broad-band green emission centered at about 520 nm under 400 nm irradiation with a high quantum efficiency (QE) value of 67.4% and good thermal stability, its emission intensity remains 77% at 150 °C of that measured at room temperature. In addition, to investigate its application in field emission displays, the cathodoluminescence spectra of SZLP:Eu{sup 2+} as a function of the accelerating voltage, probe current and the electron radiation time were also measured and discussed in detail. Excellent degradation resistance properties with good color stability were obtained by continuous low-voltage electron-beam excitation of the phosphor. - Highlights: • An novel green emitting phosphor was firstly synthesized by solid state reaction. • The excitation spectra match well with n-UV chips and the quantum efficiency is 67.4%. • The thermal stability of the phosphor is superior to commercial phosphors.

  17. Ca biogeochemical cycle at the beech tree - soil solution interface from the Strengbach CZO (NE France): a clue from stable Ca and radiogenic Sr isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Anne-Désirée; Gangloff, Sophie; Labolle, François; Chabaux, François; Stille, Peter

    2017-04-01

    Stable calcium and radiogenic Sr are analysed in several organs from two beech trees that were collected in June and September in the Strengbach CZO (NE France) and in corresponding soil solutions. The combination of these two isotopic systems shows that the isotopic signatures of roots are dominated by Ca fractionation mechanisms and Sr, and thus Ca, source variations. In contrast, translocation mechanisms are only governed by Ca fractionation processes. This study also confirms in the field that the Ca uptake mechanisms from nutritive solutions are controlled by adsorption processes in small roots because of physico-chemical mechanisms. Similarly, a study of surface soil solutions suggests that recent soil waters are less affected by vegetation uptake than in the past, probably because of a decline in the growth of the vegetation that is linked to climate warming, which causes drought episodes. Thus, soil solutions reflect the role of soil components in addition to nutrient uptake by vegetation. This isotopic Ca-Sr study also helps to identify one-time events that are caused by snow cover melting and/or dry episodes that release cations.

  18. Climatic Constraints on Growth Rate and Geochemistry (Sr/Ca and U/Ca) of the Coral Siderastrea stellata in the Southwest Equatorial Atlantic (Rocas Atoll, Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evangelista, H.; Sifeddine, A.; Corrège, T.; Servain, J.; Dassié, E. P.; Logato, R.; Cordeiro, R. C.; Shen, C.-C.; Le Cornec, F.; Nogueira, J.; Segal, B.; Castagna, A.; Turcq, B.

    2018-03-01

    Although relatively rare compared to similar latitudes in the Pacific or Indian Oceans, massive coral colonies are present in the Tropical/Equatorial Southwestern Atlantic Ocean. However, detailed geochemical compositions of these corals are still largely unknown. In this work, we present growth rates, Sr/Ca, and U/Ca ratios of the coral colony (Siderastrea stellata) sampled at Rocas Atoll, off the Brazilian coast. These variables are primarily affected by sea surface temperature (SST) at seasonal scale, and by wind stress at interannual scale, these results represent a broad new finding. A lower significance at the interannual time scale between Sr/Ca and U/Ca with respect to SST is attributed to the low SST amplitude closed to Equator. An investigation on the dependence of coral growth rates with respect to the "cloud shading effect" promoted by the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) does not show significant influence. Additionally, rain seems to act on local geochemistry of Sr/Ca ratios and growth rate at the decadal scale.

  19. New Ce{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}YMgScSi{sub 3}O{sub 12} garnet ceramic phosphor for white LED converters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khaidukov, N. [Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Zorenko, Yu.; Zorenko, T.; Iskaliyeva, A.; Paprocki, K. [Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University Bydgoszcz (Poland); Zhydachevskii, Y.; Suchocki, A. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw (Poland); Deun, R. van [L3 - Luminescent Lanthanide Lab, Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University (Belgium); Batentschuk, M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering VI, Institute of Materials for Energy and Electronic Technology (i-IMEET), University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen (Germany)

    2017-05-15

    The results on crystallization and investigation of the luminescent properties of a new prospective ceramic phosphor based on the Ce{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}YMgScSi{sub 3}O{sub 12} silicate garnet are presented for the first time in this work. The luminescent properties of Ca{sub 2}YMgScSi{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Ce were compared with the properties of the reference Ca{sub 3}Sc{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Ce ceramic sample. Without any doubt, the results of this research can be suitable for the development of a new generation of white converters based on the Ca{sup 2+}-Si{sup 4+} garnet compounds. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  20. Structure and hindered vibration of Bi2+ in the red-orange phosphor SrB4O7:Bi

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jong, Mathijs; Meijerink, A; Barandiarán, Zoila; Seijo, Luis

    2014-01-01

    The emission band profile of bismuth-doped SrB4O7 is measured with high resolution, and distinct vibronic features are observed at 4.2 K. The energy intervals show an irregular distribution. It is interpreted in the light of ab initio calculations as due to two off-center totally symmetric normal

  1. Enhancement of white-light-emission from single-phase Sr5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) phosphors for near-UV white LEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yaomiao; Huang, Jinping; Liu, Lili; Liu, Jie; Yu, Xibin

    2015-09-07

    A series of single-phase broadband white-light-emitting Sr5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) phosphors were prepared by a solid state reaction. The luminescence property, and the crystal and electronic structures of the fluorophosphates were studied by photoluminescence analysis, XRD Rietveld refinement and density functional theory calculation (DFT), respectively. Under near ultraviolet excitation in the 250 to 430 nm wavelength range, the phosphors exhibit two emission bands centered at 440 and 556 nm, caused by the Eu(2+) and Mn(2+) ions. By altering the relative ratios of Eu(2+) and Mn(2+) in the compounds, the emission color could be modulated from blue to white. The efficient energy transfer from the Eu(2+) to Mn(2+) ions could be ascribed to the well crystallized host lattice and the facile substitution of Eu(2+) and Mn(2+) for Sr(2+) sites due to similar ionic radii. A series of fluxes were investigated to improve the photoluminescence intensity. When KCl was used as flux in the synthesis, the photoluminescence intensity of Sr5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) was enhanced by 85% compared with no fluxes added. These results demonstrate that the single-phase Sr5(PO4)3F:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) with enhanced luminescence efficiency could be promising as a near UV-convertible direct white-light-emitting phosphor for WLED applications.

  2. Influence of SrO substitution for CaO on the properties of bioactive glass S53P4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massera, Jonathan; Hupa, Leena

    2014-03-01

    Commercial melt-quenched bioactive glasses consist of the oxides of silicon, phosphorus, calcium and sodium. Doping of the glasses with oxides of some other elements is known to affect their capability to support hydroxyapatite formation and thus bone tissue healing but also to modify their high temperature processing parameters. In the present study, the influence of gradual substitution of SrO for CaO on the properties of the bioactive glass S53P4 was studied. Thermal analysis and hot stage microscopy were utilized to measure the thermal properties of the glasses. The in vitro bioactivity and solubility was measured by immersing the glasses in simulated body fluid for 6 h to 1 week. The formation of silica rich and hydroxyapatite layers was assessed from FTIR spectra analysis and SEM images of the glass surface. Increasing substitution of SrO for CaO decreased all characteristic temperatures and led to a slightly stronger glass network. The initial glass dissolution rate increased with SrO content. Hydroxyapatite layer was formed on all glasses but on the SrO containing glasses the layer was thinner and contained also strontium. The results suggest that substituting SrO for CaO in S53P4 glass retards the bioactivity. However, substitution greater than 10 mol% allow for precipitation of a strontium substituted hydroxyapatite layer.

  3. Layer-by-layer deposition of superconducting Sr-Ca-Cu-O films by the spray pyrolysis technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pawar, S.H.; Pawaskar, P.N.; Ubale, M.J.; Kulkarni, S.B.

    1995-01-01

    Layer-by-layer deposition of Sr-Ca-Cu-O films has been carried out using the spray pyrolysis technique. Reagent-grade nitrates of strontium, calcium and copper were used to prepare starting solutions for spray pyrolysis. A two-step procedure was used for every layer of the constituents in the sequence Sr-Cu-Ca-Cu-Sr: first, deposition onto silver substrate at 350 C, then firing at T≥450 C, both at atmospheric pressure. The films were 2-3 μm thick and showed adequate adhesion to the substrate. The films were then characterised by studying their electron micrographs, X-ray diffraction patterns and electrical resistivity. The films showed superconductivity below 104 K. ((orig.))

  4. EuAuGe type indides RAgIn (R = Ca, Sr, La, Eu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stein, Sebastian; Schmolke, Kai Heinz; Block, Theresa; Heletta, Lukas; Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Poettgen, Rainer [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster (Germany)

    2017-08-03

    The equiatomic intermetallic phases CaAgIn [a = 482.75(7), b = 750.0(1), c = 835.5(1) pm], SrAgIn [a = 495.86(5), b = 794.71(9), c = 851.89(9) pm], LaAgIn [a = 489.99(5), b = 767.93(9), c = 837.53(9) pm], and EuAgIn [a = 493.02(7), b = 781.6(1), c = 844.2(1) pm] were synthesized from the elements in sealed niobium containers. They crystallize with the EuAuGe type structure, space group Imm2. The four structures were refined from single-crystal X-ray data. The silver and indium atoms build up orthorhombically distorted, puckered Ag{sub 3}In{sub 3} hexagons, which are stacked in AA' sequence, leading to direct Ag-Ag and In-In interlayer bonding (e.g. 303 and 304 pm in CaAgIn). Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements show a magnetic moment of 7.40(1) μ{sub B} per europium atom. EuAgIn orders antiferromagnetically at 5.7(5) K. The divalent nature of europium is also evident from {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectra: δ = -10.50(1) mm.s{sup -1} at 78 K. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  5. Growth of nucleation sites on Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8+δ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Finnemore, D.K.; Xu, M.; Kouzoudis, D.; Bloomer, T.; Kramer, M.J.; McKernan, S.; Balachandran, U.; Haldar, P.

    1996-01-01

    In the growth of Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10+δ from mixed powders of Pb-doped Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 1 Cu 2 O 8+δ and other oxides, it has been discovered that a dense array of hillocks or mesas grow at the interface between a Ag overlay and Pb-doped Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 1 Cu 2 O 8+δ grains during the ramp up to the reaction temperature. As viewed in an environmental scanning electron microscope, the Ag coated grains develop a texture that looks like open-quote open-quote chicken pox close-quote close-quote growing on the grains at about 700 degree C. These hillocks are about 100 nm across and are spaced at about 500 to 1000 nm. If there is no Ag, this texture does not develop. Preliminary measurements indicate that the hillocks are a recrystallization of (Bi,Pb) 2 Sr 2 Ca 1 Cu 2 O 8+δ , and are definitely not a Pb rich phase. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics

  6. Positron lifetime studies of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy-xFx superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shi Zhiqiang; Chao Xixu; Wu Lingyun

    1994-01-01

    The positron lifetime was measured as a function of doped F content for Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O y-x F x superconductor. Combined with the measurement of critical temperature T c , the sites where F substituted for O and the change of electronic structures caused by local substitution of F in the samples were studied

  7. Microwave plasma CVD of oxide films relating to high Tc Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hashimoto, T.; Kosaka, T.; Yoshida, Y.; Yoshimoto, M.; Koinuma, H.

    1989-01-01

    Microwave plasma CVD was applied to the synthesis of Bi, Sr, Ca, and Cu oxide films at relatively low temperatures. Gas source materials used were Bi(C 6 H 5 ) 3 , Sr(PPM) 2 , Ca(PPM) 2 , and Cu(HFA) 2 , where PPM and HFA represent C 2 F 5 COCHCOC(CH 3 ) 3 and CF 3 COCHCOCF 3 , respectively. Films were deposited on MgO (100) substrate at temperatures between 200 C and 400 C under an atmosphere of 1000mTorr Ar-O 2 (50/100) mixture which was partially excited by plasma. From Bi(C 6 H 5 ) 3 , Bi 2 O 3 was formed at 200 C without containing carbon above the detection level by XPS analysis. From Cu(HFA) 2 , CuO was prepared at 400 C by increasing oxygen partial pressure to 0.1Torr. (At lower oxygen partial pressure, CuF 2 or amorphous films were deposited.) From Sr(PPM) 2 and Ca(PPM) 2 , SrF 2 and CaF 2 were obtained at 400 C. The attempt to fabricate superconducting films is also reported

  8. Comparative kinetics of sup 47 Ca, sup 85 Sr and sup 226 Ra in the freshwater turtle, Trachemys scripta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hinton, T.G. (Savannah River Ecology Lab., Aiken, SC (United States) Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)); Whicker, F.W.; Ibrahim, S.A. (Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)); Pinder, J.E. III (Savannah River Ecology Lab., Aiken, SC (United States))

    1992-01-01

    The kinetics of {sup 47}Ca, {sup 85}Sr and {sup 226}Ra were compared in the yellow-bellied slider, a common freshwater turtle of the southeastern USA. The absorption and elimination processes were examined as a function of stable dietary Ca, season, age and sex of the animals. Turtles were gavaged with radionuclides and serial whole-body analyses were performed on the live animals for up to 480 days. Only in the juvenile age class did reduced dietary Ca cause a significant increase in {sup 85}Sr absorption. The absorption of {sup 85}Sr and {sup 226}Ra in the adult male, adult female and hatchling groups was unaffected by dietary Ca. Mean absorption was greater than that which has been reported for other organisms and significantly differed among isotopes. The high absorption values were not restricted to immatures, but continued into maturity. Elimination rates were not affected by the dietary treatment, nor were isotopic differences in elimination observed. Annual mean elimination rate constants pooled among animal groups, were 0.22 {+-} 0.07 for {sup 85}Sr and 0.26 {+-} 0.18 for {sup 226}Ra. Retention was strongly affected by season with the greatest elimination occurring in the summer and declining to levels that were not distinguishable from zero in the winter. Elimination rate constants for hatchlings were greater than for the other age groups. (author).

  9. Long-range interactions of excited He atoms with the alkaline earth atoms Mg, Ca, and Sr

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, J.-Y.; Babb, J. F.; Mitroy, J.; Sadeghpour, H. R.; Schwingenschlö gl, Udo; Yan, Z.-C.

    2013-01-01

    Dispersion coefficients for the long-range interactions of the first four excited states of He, i.e., He(2 1, 3 S) and He(2 1, 3 P), with the low-lying states of the alkaline earth atoms Mg, Ca, and Sr are calculated by summing over the reduced matrix elements of multipole transition operators.

  10. Inter- and intragranular properties of bismuth calcium strontium copper oxide (Bi2CaSr2Cu2Oy) superconductors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emmen, J.H.P.M.; Brabers, V.A.M.; Steen, van der C.; Dalderop, J.H.J.; Lenczowski, S.K.J.; Jonge, de W.J.M.

    1989-01-01

    The granular behaviour of sintered bulk Bi2CaSr2Cu2Oy superconductor is investigated by resistivity and ¿ac measurements. The observed temperature and magnetic field dependence is discussed within the framework of a granular model. The frequency dependence of the intragranular losses leads to a flux

  11. Pb solubility of the high-temperature superconducting phase Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+d

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaesche, S.; Majewski, P.; Aldinger, F.

    1994-01-01

    For the nominal composition of Bi 2.27x Pb x Sr 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10+d the lead content was varied from x=0.05 to 0.45. The compositions were examined between 830 degrees C and 890 degrees C which is supposed to be the temperature range over which the so-called 2223 phase (Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10+d ) is stable. Only compositions between x=0.18 to 0.36 could be synthesized in a single phase state. For x>0.36 a lead containing phase with a stoichiometry of Pb 4 (Sr,Ca) 5 CuO d is formed, for x 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8+d and cuprates are the equilibrium phases. The temperature range for the 2223 phase was found to be 830 degrees C to 890 degrees C but the 2223 phase has extremely varying cation ratios over this temperature range. Former single phase 2223 samples turn to multi phase samples when annealed at slightly higher or lower temperatures. A decrease in the Pb solubility with increasing temperature was found for the 2223 phase

  12. The role of selenium in the metabolism of 45Ca and 99Sr in the bones of hens

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowosad, R.

    1977-01-01

    Under experimental conditions it was stated that the application of selenium at the dose of 5 mcg per animal led to some disturbances in mineral metabolism in the skeletal system of hens. That was expressed by a decrease of ash content in died mass, a decrease of 45 Ca and 90 Sr in bones, and the diminished activity of calcium. (author)

  13. Influence of conditions of preparation on quality of superconductors Bi(Pb)SrCaCuO with boron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sykorova, D.; Smrckova, O.; Ptrydes, D.; Vasek, P.

    1999-01-01

    The aim of this work was to verify influence of B 2 O 3 on formation of the phase Bi-2223 of samples with nominal composition Bi 1.8 (Pb 0.26 )Sr 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 8+x . Conditions of preparation of superconductors as well as their properties are described

  14. Dosimetry characterization of the commercial CaF2 for beta radiation of 90Sr + 90Y

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliveira, Mercia L.; Caldas, Linda V.E.

    2003-01-01

    This work studies the dosimetric characteristics of the CaF 2 commercial dosimetry for detection of 90 Sr + 90 Y beta radiation for using in the calibration of flat and concave appliers. Were determined the repetitiousness and linearity of answers of the samples, and their calibration curves

  15. Hole doping by pressure on the 1111 pnictides CaFeAsF and SrFeAsF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freitas, Daniele C; Sow, Amadou; Núñez-Regueiro, Manuel; Garbarino, Gastón; Weht, Ruben; Zhu, Xiyu; Han, Fei; Cheng, Peng; Ju, Jing; Hu Wen, Hai

    2014-01-01

    We determine the pressure phase diagram of the 1111 compounds CaFeAsF and SrFeAsF, up to 20 GPa and down to 4 K by electrical resistivity measurements and the change of structure up to 40 GPa at room temperature. The antiferromagnetic transition temperature, as determined by the derivative peak, shows a minimum at ∼5 GPa (10 GPa) for the Ca (Sr) compound. For CaFeAsF, superconductivity appears at this minimum, coincident with the development of a previously reported monoclinic phase. For SrFeAsF, where the orthorhombic and the monoclinic phase were reported to coexist, superconductivity exists above P≥1 GPa. Both phase diagrams can be scaled by a shift of ∼10 GPa pressure at which the volume of SrFeAsF and that of CaFeAsF at ambient pressure coincide. The difference of our phase diagram with that of electron-doped 1111 samples is accounted for by hole doping under pressure, which we verified through electron band structure calculations. (papers)

  16. Multiparticle tunneling in the field electron emission from Bi2CaSr2Cu2O8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maslov, V.I.

    2001-01-01

    The studies results on the statistics of the field electron emission (FEE) from the Bi 2 CaSr 2 Cu 2 O 8 oxide superconductor are considered. The multielectron tunneling by FEE is identified. The analysis of the spectral curves and FEE statistics dependence on the experimental conditions is carried out. The possible mechanism of the multiparticle effect is discussed [ru

  17. Sea Surface Temperature Records Using Sr/Ca Ratios in a Siderastrea siderea Coral from SE Cuba

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fargher, H. A.; Hughen, K. A.; Ossolinski, J. E.; Bretos, F.; Siciliano, D.; Gonzalez, P.

    2015-12-01

    Sea surface temperature (SST) variability from Cuba remains relatively unknown compared to the rest of the Caribbean. Cuba sits near an inflection point in the spatial pattern of SST from the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), and long SST records from the region could reveal changes in the influence of this climate system through time. A Siderastrea siderea coral from the Jardínes de la Reina in southern Cuba was drilled to obtain a 220 year long archive of environmental change. The genus Siderastrea has not been extensively studied as an SST archive, yet Sr/Ca ratios in the Cuban core show a clear seasonal signal and strong correlation to instrumental SST data (r2 = 0.86 and 0.36 for monthly and interannual (winter season) timescales, respectively). Annual growth rates (linear extension) of the coral are observed to have a minor influence on Sr/Ca variability, but do not show a direct correlation to SST on timescales from annual to multidecadal. Sr/Ca measurements from the Cuban coral are used to reconstruct monthly and seasonal (winter, summer) SST extending back more than two centuries. Wintertime SST in southern Cuba is compared to other coral Sr/Ca records of winter-season SST from locations sensitive to the NAO in order to investigate the stationarity of the NAO SST 'fingerprint' through time.

  18. Long-range interactions of excited He atoms with the alkaline earth atoms Mg, Ca, and Sr

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, J.-Y.

    2013-04-05

    Dispersion coefficients for the long-range interactions of the first four excited states of He, i.e., He(2 1, 3 S) and He(2 1, 3 P), with the low-lying states of the alkaline earth atoms Mg, Ca, and Sr are calculated by summing over the reduced matrix elements of multipole transition operators.

  19. Quantized dissipation and random telegraph voltage noise in epitaxial BiSrCaCuO thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jung, G.; Savo, B.; Vecchione, A.

    1993-01-01

    In this paper we report on the observation of correlated multiple-voltage RTN switching in high quality epitaxial BiSrCaCuO thin film. We ascribe the correlated noise to the quantization of flux flow dissipation in the film. (orig.)

  20. Room temperature transport properties of new BiSrCaCuO compounds; Proprietes de transport a la temperature ambiante de nouveaux composes BiSrCaCuO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lagues, M.; Partiot, C.; Mairet, V.; Hatterer, C.; Xu, X.Z.; Deville Cavellin, C. [Laboratoire Surface et Supraconducteurs, Ecole Superieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielle, CNRS UPR5, Universite Paris, 75 - Paris (France); Beuran, C.; Eustache, B.; Moussy, J.B. [Wintici SA, 94 - Vincennes (France)

    1997-05-01

    New compounds belonging to the BiSrCaCuO cuprate family have been synthesized by sequentially imposed layer epitaxy. The Cu/Ca ratio in these compounds is typically twice the value for conventional Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n+4}. A second characteristic of the new compounds is a Bi deficiency relative to conventional BSCCO. The room temperature electrical resistivity of these compounds reaches extremely low values, orders of magnitude below that of copper. Strongly non-linear I(V) characteristics of various forms are observed; Typical examples are describes where the voltage dependence at the onset of measurable dissipation is either exponential or parabolic as a function of current intensity. Examples are also presented I(V) exhibits and hysteric behavior. (authors). 51 refs.

  1. Preliminary observation of self-reduction of Eu ions in α-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors prepared in air condition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tong, Chao [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China); Zhu, Yangguang; Xu, Chuanyan [Suzhou Biomaterials and Advanced Manufacture Engineering Technology Research Center, Suzhou Dingan Technology Co., Ltd, Suzhou 215200 (China); Li, Yadong, E-mail: liyadong@suda.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123 (China)

    2016-11-01

    A series of Eu doped α-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors were synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction in air atmosphere. The crystal structures, photoluminescence properties of the phosphors were systematically studied. The emission spectra showed a broad emission band centered at 492 nm attributed to the typical 4f{sup 6}5d{sup 1}→4f{sup 7} transition of Eu{sup 2+}ions, and several sharp peaks from 560 to 750 nm attributed to the 5D{sub 0}→7F{sub J}(J=0,1,2,3,4) transition of Eu{sup 3+}ions. The results, combined with the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements, demonstrate self-reduction of Eu{sup 3+}to Eu{sup 2+}occurred in α-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} matrix for the first time. This suggested that the Eu{sup 2+}ions in α-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}could serve as a spectroscopic probe to detect the content of α-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}in phase transition process.

  2. Surface characterization, in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca for temporary cardiovascular implant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bornapour, M., E-mail: mandana.bornapour@mail.mcgill.ca [Light Metals and Advanced Magnesium Materials, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc, H3A 0C5 (Canada); Biointerface Lab, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3A 0C5 (Canada); Mahjoubi, H. [Biointerface Lab, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3A 0C5 (Canada); Vali, H. [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Qc, H3A 0C7 (Canada); Shum-Tim, D. [Department of Cardiac Surgery and Surgical Research, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3G 1A1 (Canada); Cerruti, M. [Biointerface Lab, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3A 0C5 (Canada); Pekguleryuz, M. [Light Metals and Advanced Magnesium Materials, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc, H3A 0C5 (Canada)

    2016-10-01

    Magnesium-based alloys are attractive candidate materials for medical applications. Our earlier work showed that the ternary Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca alloy exhibits slower degradation rates than both binary Mg-Sr and Mg-Ca alloys. The ternary alloy immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) forms a compact surface layer of corrosion products that we hypothesized to be a Sr-substituted hydroxyapatite (HA). The main objectives of the current work are to understand the bio-degradation mechanism of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca, to identify the exact nature of its protective layer and to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of the alloy for cardiovascular applications. To better simulate the physiological environment, the alloy was immersed in SBF which was daily refreshed. Raman spectroscopy and X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the formation of a thin, Sr-substituted HA layer at the interface between the alloy and the corrosion products. In vitro biocompatibility evaluated via indirect cytotoxicity assays using HUVECs showed no toxicity effect and ions extracted from Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca in fact increased the viability of HUVECs after one week. In vivo tests were performed by implanting a tubular Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca stent along with a WE43 control stent into the right and left femoral artery of a dog. Post implantation and histological analyses showed no thrombosis in the artery with Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca stent after 5 weeks of implantation while the artery implanted with WE43 stent was extensively occluded and thrombosed. Microscopic observation of the Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca implant-tissue interface confirmed the in situ formation of Sr-substituted HA on the surface during in vivo test. These results show that the interfacial layer protects the surface of the Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca alloy both in vitro and in vivo, and is the key factor in the bio-corrosion resistance of the alloy. - Highlights: • The surface active elements of Sr and Ca alter the corrosion of Mg alloy in SBF • Sr

  3. Surface characterization, in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca for temporary cardiovascular implant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bornapour, M.; Mahjoubi, H.; Vali, H.; Shum-Tim, D.; Cerruti, M.; Pekguleryuz, M.

    2016-01-01

    Magnesium-based alloys are attractive candidate materials for medical applications. Our earlier work showed that the ternary Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca alloy exhibits slower degradation rates than both binary Mg-Sr and Mg-Ca alloys. The ternary alloy immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) forms a compact surface layer of corrosion products that we hypothesized to be a Sr-substituted hydroxyapatite (HA). The main objectives of the current work are to understand the bio-degradation mechanism of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca, to identify the exact nature of its protective layer and to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of the alloy for cardiovascular applications. To better simulate the physiological environment, the alloy was immersed in SBF which was daily refreshed. Raman spectroscopy and X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the formation of a thin, Sr-substituted HA layer at the interface between the alloy and the corrosion products. In vitro biocompatibility evaluated via indirect cytotoxicity assays using HUVECs showed no toxicity effect and ions extracted from Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca in fact increased the viability of HUVECs after one week. In vivo tests were performed by implanting a tubular Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca stent along with a WE43 control stent into the right and left femoral artery of a dog. Post implantation and histological analyses showed no thrombosis in the artery with Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca stent after 5 weeks of implantation while the artery implanted with WE43 stent was extensively occluded and thrombosed. Microscopic observation of the Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca implant-tissue interface confirmed the in situ formation of Sr-substituted HA on the surface during in vivo test. These results show that the interfacial layer protects the surface of the Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca alloy both in vitro and in vivo, and is the key factor in the bio-corrosion resistance of the alloy. - Highlights: • The surface active elements of Sr and Ca alter the corrosion of Mg alloy in SBF • Sr

  4. Testing the fidelity of the Sr/Ca proxy in recording ocean temperature in a western Atlantic coral

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuffner, I. B.; Roberts, K.; Flannery, J. A.; Richey, J. N.; Morrison, J. M.

    2017-12-01

    Massive corals provide a useful archive of environmental variability, but careful testing of geochemical proxies in corals is necessary to validate the relationship between each proxy and environmental parameter throughout the full range of conditions experienced by the recording organisms. Here we use samples from a field-based coral-growth study to test the hypothesis that Sr/Ca in the coral Siderastrea siderea accurately records sea-surface temperature (SST) in the subtropics (Florida, USA) along 350 km of reef tract. We test calcification rate, measured via buoyant weight, and linear extension (LE) rate, estimated with Alizarin Red-S staining, as predictors of variance in the Sr/Ca records of 39 individual S. siderea corals grown at four outer-reef locations next to in-situ temperature loggers during two, year-long periods. We found that corals with calcification rates less than 1.7 mg cm-2 d-1 or LE rates less than 1.7 mm yr-1 returned spuriously high Sr/Ca values, leading to a cold bias in Sr/Ca-based SST estimates. The threshold-type response curves suggest that LE rate can be used as a quality-control indicator during sample and microdrill-path selection when using long cores for SST paleoreconstruction. For our corals that passed this quality control step, the Sr/Ca-SST proxy performed well in estimating mean annual SST across three sites spanning 350 km of the Florida reef tract. However, there was some evidence that extreme temperature stress in 2010 (cold snap) and 2011 (SST above coral-bleaching threshold) may have caused the corals not to record the temperature extremes. Known stress events could be avoided during modern calibrations of paleoproxies.

  5. Low-energy optics of Sr{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}RuO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geiger, Diana; Scheffler, Marc; Dressel, Martin [1. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Stuttgart (Germany); Schneider, Melanie; Gegenwart, Philipp [I. Physikalisches Institut, Georg-August-Universitaet, Goettingen (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    The pseudo-cubic perovskite ruthenates SrRuO{sub 3} and CaRuO{sub 3} have recently attracted interest due to their unconventional electronic properties. For both materials, non-Fermi liquid behavior has been reported in previous optical studies at infrared frequencies. In addition to these two pure compounds, the doping series Sr{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}RuO{sub 3} offers a rich phase diagram: going from the itinerant ferromagnet SrRuO{sub 3} to the paramagnet CaRuO{sub 3}, indications for a quantum phase transition at x{approx}0.8 have been found. Using THz spectroscopy at frequencies between 5 cm{sup -1} and 45 cm{sup -1}, we have studied thin-film samples of the Sr{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}RuO{sub 3} system, which were prepared by metalorganic aerosol deposition. From transmission and phase measurements we have determined the frequency-dependent conductivity for a set of temperatures between 5 K and 300 K, and we discuss it in the framework of the extended Drude model with frequency-dependent relaxation rate and effective mass. While for pure SrRuO{sub 3} as well as for doped systems approaching the quantum phase transition we find conventional metallic Drude behavior, CaRuO{sub 3} exhibits highly unusual optical properties which we compare to results of dc measurements on these thin films, which also revealed temperature ranges with non-Fermi liquid behavior.

  6. High Precision Seawater Sr/Ca Measurements in the Florida Keys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry: Analytical Method and Implications for Coral Paleothermometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khare, A.; Kilbourne, K. H.; Schijf, J.

    2017-12-01

    Standard methods of reconstructing past sea surface temperatures (SSTs) with coral skeletal Sr/Ca ratios assume the seawater Sr/Ca ratio is constant. However, there is little data to support this assumption, in part because analytical techniques capable of determining seawater Sr/Ca with sufficient accuracy and precision are expensive and time consuming. We demonstrate a method to measure seawater Sr/Ca using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry where we employ an intensity ratio calibration routine that reduces the self- matrix effects of calcium and cancels out the matrix effects that are common to both calcium and strontium. A seawater standard solution cross-calibrated with multiple instruments is used to correct for long-term instrument drift and any remnant matrix effects. The resulting method produces accurate seawater Sr/Ca determinations rapidly, inexpensively, and with a precision better than 0.2%. This method will make it easier for coral paleoclimatologists to quantify potentially problematic fluctuations in seawater Sr/Ca at their study locations. We apply our method to test for variability in surface seawater Sr/Ca along the Florida Keys Reef Tract. We are collecting winter and summer samples for two years in a grid with eleven nearshore to offshore transects across the reef, as well as continuous samples collected by osmotic pumps at four locations adjacent to our grid. Our initial analysis of the grid samples indicates a trend of decreasing Sr/Ca values offshore potentially due to a decreasing groundwater influence. The values differ by as much as 0.05 mmol/mol which could lead to an error of 1°C in mean SST reconstructions. Future work involves continued sampling in the Florida Keys to test for seasonal and interannual variability in seawater Sr/Ca, as well as collecting data from small reefs in the Virgin Islands to test the stability of seawater Sr/Ca under different geologic, hydrologic and hydrographic environments.

  7. Optical properties of SrAl{sub 2−x}Si{sub x}O{sub 4−x}N{sub x}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors for AC-LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Bowen; Xie, Qidi; Qin, Huanhui [School of Applied Physics and Materials, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, Guangdong 529020 (China); Zhang, Mei, E-mail: zmjenny@163.com [School of Applied Physics and Materials, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, Guangdong 529020 (China); He, Xin; Long, Yongbing [School of Applied Physics and Materials, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, Guangdong 529020 (China); Xing, Lusheng [LED Institute, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, Guangdong 529020 (China)

    2016-09-15

    Series of green emitting SrAl{sub 2−x}Si{sub x}O{sub 4−x}N{sub x}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been synthesized via a high temperature solid-state method. The effects of (SiN){sup +} on phase structural, emission and excitation spectra and decay curves were investigated systematically. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns show that the maximum amount of solubility is about x = 0.10. The emission wavelength can be red-shifted from 509 to 515 nm with increasing (SiN){sup +} concentration. Meanwhile, the average lifetime of samples are shortened from 845.86 to 765.34 ms, which can appropriately compensate for the AC time gap and the emission color of AC-LEDs will be improved. Finally, we use these phosphors and near UV-chips to fabricate LEDs, which show more stable luminescence properties accompanying with the decrease of the luminous efficiency as the (SiN){sup +} content increases. - Highlights: • The incorporation of (SiN){sup +} can shift the emission spectra to a long wavelength. • The color purity of SrAl{sub 2−x}Si{sub x}O{sub 4−x}N{sub x}:Eu{sup 2+}, Dy{sup 3+} phosphor can be improved to 48.65%. • The performance of pc-LEDs confirms (SiN){sup +} can improve the stable of phosphors.

  8. Tunable emission and the systematic study on energy-transfer properties of Ce{sup 3+}- and Tb{sup 3+}-co-doped Sr{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Zhijun [Guangzhou Maritime Institute, Department of Shipping Engineering, Guangzhou (China)

    2015-09-15

    An emitting color tunable phosphor Sr{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Ce{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} was synthesized by the traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The photoluminescence and energy-transfer (ET) properties of Ce{sup 3+}- and Tb{sup 3+}-doped Sr{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} host were studied in detail. The obtained phosphors show both a blue emission from Ce{sup 3+} and a yellowish green emission from Tb{sup 3+} with considerable intensity under ultraviolet (UV) excitation (∝311 nm). When the content of Ce{sup 3+} was fixed at 0.03, the emission chromaticity coordinates could be adjusted from blue to green region by tuning the contents of Tb{sup 3+} ions with the aid of ET process. The critical distance between Ce{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+} is 14.69 A. The ET mechanism from Ce{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} ions was identified with dipole-dipole interaction. The obtained phosphor exhibits a strong excitation in UV spectral region and high-efficient ET from Ce{sup 3+} to Tb{sup 3+} ions. It may find applications as a green light-emitting UV-convertible phosphor in white LED devices. (orig.)

  9. The effect of changing seawater Ca and Mg concentrations upon the distribution coefficients of Mg and Sr in the skeletons of the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giri, Sharmila J.; Swart, Peter K.; Devlin, Quinn B.

    2018-02-01

    The skeletal composition of calcifying organisms, in particular Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios, have been widely used to understand fluctuations in seawater chemistry throughout the Phanerozoic. While the success of applying these data to the geologic record depends on a knowledge of the distribution coefficients for these elements (DMg and DSr), there are scarcely any studies which have described how these values vary as a result of changing seawater Mg/Ca ratios. To address this, we have cultured the scleractinian coral, Pocillopora damicornis, in seawater with ranges of Mg and Ca concentrations. Here, we demonstrate that Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios of coral skeletons correlate with total seawater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca molar ratios, but that apparent DMg and DSr values do not remain constant across the range of experimental seawater treatments, with DMg values significantly increasing with seawater Mg/Ca ratios and DSr values significantly increasing with seawater Ca concentrations. These trends are not rate dependent and may be best explained by a Rayleigh distillation model, in which the calcifying space is semi-isolated from seawater during skeletogenesis (i.e. leaky). As there is a slight increase in DMg and decrease in DSr values between our "Jurassic" and "Modern" seawater treatments, the application of a constant distribution coefficient to estimate changes in ancient seawater chemistry may underestimate seawater Mg/Ca ratios and overestimate Sr/Ca throughout the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. We suggest that interpretations of seawater chemistry from fossil corals may be improved by using the relationships derived for skeletal and seawater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios established by our experiments, as they incorporate the effect of seawater Mg/Ca ratios on skeletal Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios.

  10. Structure and Dynamics Investigations of Sr/Ca-Doped LaPO4 Proton Conductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    al-Wahish, Amal [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Research Reactor; al-Binni, U. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Tetard, L. [Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States). NanoScience Technology Center; Bridges, Craig A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Kharel, Krishna [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Günaydın-Şen, Özge [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Huq, A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division; Musfeldt, J. L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Paranthaman, M. P. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Mandrus, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    2017-05-15

    Proton conductors loom out of the pool of candidate materials with great potential to boost hydrogen alternatives to fossil-based resources for energy. Acceptor doped lanthanum orthophosphates are considered for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for their potential stability and conductivity at high temperature. By exploring the crystal and defect structure of x% Sr/Ca-doped LaPO4 with different nominal Sr/Ca concentrations (x = 0 – 10) with Neutron powder diffraction (NPD) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), we confirm that Sr/Ca-doped LaPO4 can exist as self-supported structures at high temperatures during solid oxide fuel cell operation. Thermal stability, surface topography, size distribution are also studied to better understand the proton conductivity for dry and wet compounds obtained at sintering temperatures ranging from 1200 to 1400 °C using a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). In conclusion, the results suggest that Sr doped samples exhibit the highest proton conductivity of our samples and illustrate the impact of material design and versatile characterization schemes on the development of proton conductors with superior functionality.

  11. Raman scattering, magnetization and magnetotransport study of SrFeO3-δ, Sr3Fe2O7-δ and CaFeO3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Damljanovic, Vladimir

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis we have determined the Raman spectra as well as the magnetization, resistance and magnetoresistance of the compounds SrFeO 3-δ , Sr 3 Fe 2 O 7-δ and CaFeO 3 as a function of temperature. We describe the preparation of nearly stoichiometric SrFeO 3-δ crystals with δ 3.00 in order to assign the phonon modes observed in infra-red experiments. We have measured the Raman spectra of the tetragonal phase in the temperature range 13 K to 300 K and of the orthorhombic phase in the temperature range 6 K to 475 K. We have measured the temperature dependence of the magnetization for the magnetic field along high-symmetry axes of the crystal structure. We have also performed neutron diffraction measurements. The resistivity and the magnetoresistance were measured in the range 10 K to 300 K. Finally we have measured the Raman spectra of the same sample in the temperature range 15 K to 440 K. In order to assign the observed modes, we have performed lattice dynamics calculations based on the published crystal structure of Sr 3 Fe 2 O 7 . (orig.)

  12. Sr-doped nanowire modification of Ca-Si-based coatings for improved osteogenic activities and reduced inflammatory reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai; Hu, Dandan; Xie, Youtao; Huang, Liping; Zheng, Xuebin

    2018-02-01

    Biomedical coatings for orthopedic implants should facilitate osseointegration and mitigate implant-induced inflammatory reactions. In our study, Ca-Si coatings with Sr-containing nanowire-like structures (NW-Sr-CS) were achieved via hydrothermal treatment. In order to identify the effect of nanowire-like topography and Sr dopant on the biological properties of Ca-Si-based coatings, the original Ca-Si coating, Ca-Si coatings modified with nanoplate (NP-CS) and similar nanowire-like structure (NW-CS) were fabricated as the control. Surface morphology, phase composition, surface area, zeta potential and ion release of these coatings were characterized. The in vitro osteogenic activities and immunomodulatory properties were evaluated with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and RAW 264.7 cells, a mouse macrophage cell line. Compared with the CS and NP-CS coatings, the NW-CS coating possessed a larger surface area and pore volume, beneficial protein adsorption, up-regulated the expression levels of integrin β1, Vinculin and focal adhesion kinase and promoted cell spreading. Furthermore, the NW-CS coating significantly enhanced the osteogenic differentiation and mineralization as indicated by the up-regulation of ALP activity, mineralized nodule formation and osteoblastogenesis-related gene expression. With the introduction of Sr, the NW-Sr-CS coatings exerted a greater effect on the BMSC proliferation rate, calcium sensitive receptor gene expression as well as PKC and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. In addition, the Sr-doped coatings significantly up-regulated the ratio of OPG/RANKL in the BMSCs. The NW-Sr-CS coatings could modulate the polarization of macrophages towards the wound-healing M2 phenotype, reduce the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) and enhance anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ra, IL-10). The Sr-doped nanowire modification may be a valuable approach to enhance osteogenic activities and reduce inflammatory reactions.