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Sample records for spiros mancoridis richard

  1. Richard Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Richard Feynman. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 16 Issue 9 September 2011 pp 860-873 Reflections. What is Science? Richard Feynman · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  2. Richard III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Palle Schantz

    2017-01-01

    Kort analyse af Shakespeares Richard III med fokus på, hvordan denne skurk fremstilles, så tilskuere (og læsere) langt henad vejen kan føle sympati med ham. Med paralleller til Netflix-serien "House of Cards"......Kort analyse af Shakespeares Richard III med fokus på, hvordan denne skurk fremstilles, så tilskuere (og læsere) langt henad vejen kan føle sympati med ham. Med paralleller til Netflix-serien "House of Cards"...

  3. Letter from House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford to President Richard M. Nixon. Teaching with Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Lee Ann; Schamel, Wynell

    2001-01-01

    Provides historical background on how President Richard Nixon selected someone as vice president after Spiro T. Agnew resigned due to criminal charges. Provides background information on his choice, Gerald Ford, and discusses the process of how Ford officially became vice president. Includes a document from the Nixon Presidential Materials…

  4. Spiro Meroterpenoids from Ganoderma applanatum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Qi; Wei, Xiao-Yi; Yang, Jing; Luo, Jin-Feng; Liang, Rui; Tu, Zheng-Chao; Cheng, Yong-Xian

    2017-01-27

    Spiroapplanatumines A-Q (1-12, 14-16, 18, and 20), new spiro meroterpenoids respectively bearing a 6/5/7 or 6/5/5 ring system, along with three known compounds, spirolingzhines A, B, and D, were isolated from the fruiting bodies of the fungus Ganoderma applanatum. Their structures including absolute configurations were assigned by using spectroscopic methods, ECD and 13 C NMR calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Biological evaluation of all the compounds disclosed that compounds 7 and 8 inhibited JAK3 kinase with IC 50 values of 7.0 ± 3.2 and 34.8 ± 21.1 μM, respectively.

  5. Synthesis of novel spiro-β-lactams

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    the amyloid precursor protein responsible for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease has also been shown to be coupled with cholesterol regulation. 4. Structure-activity studies have identified 3-spiro-β- lactams SCH 54016 A and SCH 58053 B as most potent cholesterol absorption inhibitors. 5. Several approaches for the ...

  6. Richards Bay effluent pipeline

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lord, DA

    1986-07-01

    Full Text Available ..................................... 26 BACKGROUND Historical The town of Richards Bay is situated on the east coast of South Africa, approximately 160 km north-east of Durban, and was named after Sir Frederick William Richards. Although the area was already known...

  7. Richard P Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Richard P Feynman. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 2 Issue 12 December 1997 pp 107-107 Classics. The Theory of Positrons · Richard P Feynman · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 16 Issue 9 September 2011 pp ...

  8. Professor Richard Feynman colloquium

    CERN Multimedia

    1965-01-01

    Richard P. Feynman received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1965. Following the ceremony in Stockholm, Feynman gave the colloquium "Development of the space-time view of quantum electrodynamics" at CERN on 17th December.

  9. Structure and stability of spiro-cyclic water clusters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    donates two protons, resulting in an overall stabili- zation of the spiro-cyclic structure. A close scrutiny. Figure 1. Optimized geometries of different spiro- cyclic water clusters obtained using HF/6-311++G** cal- culation. These clusters are found to be stable without any reorganization during energy minimization at DFT.

  10. Structure and stability of spiro-cyclic water clusters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Abstract. The structure and stability of spiro-cyclic water clusters containing up to 32 water molecules have been investigated at different levels of theory. Although there exist minima lower in energy than these spiro-cyclic clusters, calculations at the Hartree–Fock level, density functional theory using B3LYP parametrization ...

  11. Askey, Prof. Richard Allen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1988 Honorary. Askey, Prof. Richard Allen. Date of birth: 4 June 1933. Address: 5915, American Parkway, Apt. 228, Madison, WI 43718, U.S.A.. Contact: Office: (+1-608) 262 2880. Residence: (+1-608) 233 7900. Fax: (+1-608) 263 8891. Email: askey@math.wisc.edu. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook ...

  12. Synthesis of spiro [indolo-1, 5-benzodiazepines] from 3-acetyl ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    3'-hydroxy-2'-oxo indolo) acetyl coumarins (3), which on dehydration afforded the corresponding ,-unsaturated ketones (4). Cyclocondensation of (4) with substituted -phenylene diamines resulted in novel 3-coumarinyl spiro[indolo-1 ...

  13. Photochemical synthesis of benzoyl spiro[2.2]pentanes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muehling, Olaf; Wessig, Pablo

    2006-11-01

    In the present study, we describe the photochemical behaviour of 2-mesyloxy phenyl ketones 8 and 12 bearing a cyclopropane moiety in the side-chain. Irradiation of 8 and 12 leads to the corresponding benzoyl spiro[2.2]pentanes as a consequence of an initial gamma-H-shift, subsequent elimination of MsOH (accompanied by a spin-center shift) and cyclization of the resulting 1,3-diradicals. In contrast, a corresponding phenyl ketone without a mesyloxy group in the 2-position, and thus a potential reactant of the "classical" Norrish-Yang reaction, shows no photochemical reaction. By means of quantum chemical calculations we discovered that in the presence of a mesyloxy group the activation barrier for the photochemical gamma-H-shift is substantially decreased. Furthermore, a photoinduced skeletal rearrangement of benzoyl spiro[2.2]pentane to 2-cyclobutylidene-acetophenone could be observed. Compared to the common methods used to synthesize spiro[2.2]pentanes, the photochemical preparation of benzoyl spiro[2.2]pentane presented herein is the first example where a bond between the spiro atom and an adjacent atom is formed.

  14. Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents’, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-âge Grec et Latin, 44 (1983), p.180-186.......‘Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents’, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-âge Grec et Latin, 44 (1983), p.180-186....

  15. Richard Rorty in Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Lloyd

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Richard Rorty was a strong contextualist in his approach to philosophical and political ideas, yet his own most characteristic arguments are typically evaluated without much reference to the historical circumstances that provoked them. A key participant in the post-1980 revival of pragmatism within North American and European intellectual circles, Rorty reaffirmed the strong connections between American pragmatism and German idealism. This move placed him at odds with scholars who forged the unity of pragmatism—united John Dewey and William James—under the banner of radical empiricism. Those engaged most enthusiastically in celebrating Rorty’s achievements, in short, defend a conception of pragmatism that Rorty sharply criticized and ideas about the history of philosophy that he did not share. His distinctive intellectual agenda is best appreciated after setting it in the context of the history of the American Left and, more specifically, the reckoning with the tumultuous 1960s that animates so many ongoing debates—inside and outside the academy—about cultural and political affairs.

  16. New spiro (thio) barbiturates based on cyclohexanone and bicyclo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    diaryl-1'H-spiro[bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-3,5'-pyrimidine]-2',4',6',9(3'H)-tetraone, respectively in good yield. Structure elucidation is carried out by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, FT-IR, UV-Visible, mass spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography techniques.

  17. new spiro (thio) barbiturates based on cyclohexanone and bicyclo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    condensation can be operated with the aid of strong acids or bases [2, 13]. Several catalytic methods have been achieved for crossed-aldol condensation [4, 14-31]. Several spiro-(thio)barbituric acid derivatives in which the active methylene carbon of. (thio)barbituric acid is substituted by an unsubstituted cyclobutane or ...

  18. The tert-Amino Effect in Heterocyclic Chemistry. Synthesis of Spiro Heterocycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Morzherin

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The tert-amino reaction effect was examined. A new method to synthesize spiro heterocycles is presented. It was shown that the “tert-amino effect” could be applied to the formation of spiro-fused heterocycles. The formation of spiro compounds proceeds in most cases in good yields in a one-pot reaction.

  19. Spiro K. Antiochos Receives 2013 John Adam Fleming Medal: Citation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimchuk, James A.

    2014-01-01

    The John Adam Fleming Medal is awarded for "original research and technical leadership in geomagnetism, atmospheric electricity, aeronomy, space physics, and related sciences." Originality and technical leadership are exactly the characteristics that distinguish the research of Spiro K. Antiochos. Spiro possesses a truly unique combination of physical insight, creativity, and mastery of the concepts and mathematical and numerical tools of space physics. These talents have allowed him to develop completely original theories for major observational problems and to test and refine those theories using sophisticated numerical simulation codes that he himself helped to develop. Spiro's physical insight is especially impressive. He has an uncanny ability to identify the fundamental aspects of complex problems and to see physical connections where others do not. This can sometimes involve ideas that may initially seem counterintuitive to those with less creativity. Many of Spiro's revolutionary advances have opened up whole new areas of study and shaped the course of space physics. Examples include the breakout model for coronal mass ejections (CMEs), the S-web model for the slow solar wind, and the thermal nonequilibrium model for solar prominences. The breakout model is of special significance to AGU as it strives to promote science for the betterment of humanity. CMEs are enormous explosions on the Sun that can have major "space weather" impacts here on Earth. They affect technologies ranging from communication and navigation systems to electrical power grids. Breakout is the leading theory for why CMEs occur and may one day be the foundation for more accurate space weather forecasting.

  20. In Conversation with Paul Richards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holman, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Paul Richards is one of those individuals who make a difference and is as far from institutional as one can be. The author met up with him at the Learning Disability Today conference in London to talk more about his work and life. Paul coordinates the service user involvement across Southdown Housing Association, based in Sussex.

  1. Richard Peters and Valuing Authenticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degenhardt, M. A. B.

    2009-01-01

    Richard Peters has been praised for the authenticity of his philosophy, and inquiry into aspects of the development of his philosophy reveals a profound authenticity. Yet authenticity is something he seems not to favour. The apparent paradox is resolved by observing historical changes in the understanding of authenticity as an important value.…

  2. Obituary: Dr. Richard Roland Baker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thornton R

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Richard Baker died at Easter 2007 after a very short illness. It is sad that he died so soon after his retirement from the British American Tobacco Company at the end of 2005, and just as he was beginning to enjoy his new life, even though tobacco science still had a part to play.

  3. Richard Antiku kunstikiindumus / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus:Raamatu valgusel. Richard Antik 100. Artikleid ja bibliograafia. Koostanud Merike Kiipus ja Piret Noorhani. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum, 2001. Ka Richard Antiku tegevusest kollektsionääri, näitustekorraldaja, kunstikaupmehe ning kunstikriitikuna

  4. Ionic liquid-mediated three-component synthesis of fluorinated spiro ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. A simple, green and catalyst-free novel protocol is developed for the synthesis of medici- nally important spiro[indole-3,2 [1,3]-thiazine]-2,4 -dione and spiro[acenaphthylene-1,2 -[1,3]thiazine]dione libraries by the tandem reaction of readily available reagents in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophos-.

  5. Richard Mattessich: vida y obra

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Carrasco Díaz

    2006-01-01

    El texto que se ofrece a continuación constituye el discurso pronunciado por el profesor Daniel Carrasco Díaz, catedrático de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad como padrino del homenajeado, en el solemne acto de investidura del Prof. Dr. Richard Mattessich, profesor emérito de la Sauder School of Commerce, de la University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canadá), como Doctor honoris causa por la Universidad de Málaga, celebrado el 18 de mayo de 2006.

  6. New insights into canted spiro carbon interstitial in graphite

    Science.gov (United States)

    EL-Barbary, A. A.

    2017-12-01

    The self-interstitial carbon is the key to radiation damage in graphite moderator nuclear reactor, so an understanding of its behavior is essential for plant safety and maximized reactor lifetime. The density functional theory is applied on four different graphite unit cells, starting from of 64 carbon atoms up to 256 carbon atoms, using AIMPRO code to obtain the energetic, athermal and mechanical properties of carbon interstitial in graphite. This study presents first principles calculations of the energy of formation that prove its high barrier to athermal diffusion (1.1 eV) and the consequent large critical shear stress (39 eV-50 eV) necessary to shear graphite planes in its presence. Also, for the first time, the gamma surface of graphite in two dimensions is calculated and found to yield the critical shear stress for perfect graphite. Finally, in contrast to the extensive literature describing the interstitial of carbon in graphite as spiro interstitial, in this work the ground state of interstitial carbon is found to be canted spiro interstitial.

  7. J. Richard Hackman (1940-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wageman, Ruth; Amabile, Teresa M

    2014-01-01

    When J. Richard Hackman died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on January 8, 2013, psychology lost a giant. Six-and-a-half feet tall, with an outsize personality to match, Richard was the leading scholar in two distinct areas: work design and team effectiveness. In both domains, his work is foundational. Throughout his career, Richard applied rigorous methods to problems of great social importance, tirelessly championing multilevel analyses of problems that mattered. His impact on our field has been immense. Richard rescued the field of groups research from a state of stagnation. Although embarrassed by awards, Richard received many of them. For decades to come, our field will be uplifted by Richard's example, to better see how we can all strive for excellence in research, in teaching, and in having an impact on the world. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  8. J. Richard Hackman (1940-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Wageman, Ruth; Amabile, Teresa M.

    2013-01-01

    When J. Richard Hackman died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on January 8, 2013, psychology lost a giant. Six and a half feet tall, with an outsize personality to match, Richard was the leading scholar in two distinct areas: work design and team effectiveness. In both domains, his work is foundational. Throughout his career, Richard applied rigorous methods to problems of great social importance, tirelessly championing multi-level analyses of problems that matter. His impact on our field has bee...

  9. Otto Richard Gottlieb na UFRRJ

    OpenAIRE

    Raimundo Braz Filho; Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro; Mário Geraldo de Carvalho; Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

    2011-01-01

    Informações importantes da trajetória científica e produtiva do Prof. Otto Richard Gottlieb e sobre seu legado são revelados por dois de seus ex-alunos. Revelam sua perseverança na criação de grupos comprometidos com pesquisas em produtos naturais no Brasil. Inicialmente na Universidade de Brasília (UnB) e, em consequência de pressões políticas da década de sessenta, seu grupo deslocou-se para outras instituições recebendo apoio da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), do Centro de Pes...

  10. Synthesis and properties of nitrogenous heterocycles containing a spiro-fused cyclopropane fragment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tomilov, Yury V; Nefedov, Oleg M; Kostyuchenko, Irina V

    2000-01-01

    The published data on the methods of synthesis and chemical transformations of nitrogenous heterocyclic compounds spiro-fused with a cyclopropane fragment are described systematically and generalised. The bibliography includes 146 references.

  11. Ionic liquid-mediated three-component synthesis of fluorinated spiro ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    mediated three-component synthesis of fluorinated spiro-thiazine derivatives and their antimycobacterial and DNA cleavage activities. Anshu Dandia Ruby Singh Deepti Saini. Volume 125 Issue 5 September 2013 pp 1045-1053 ...

  12. Microwave mediated synthesis of spiro-(indoline-isoxazolidines): mechanistic study and biological activity evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raunak, R.; Kumar, Vineet; Mukherjee, Shubhasish

    2005-01-01

    Regioisomeric spiro-(indoline-isoxazolidines) have been synthesized in moderate yields by the cycloaddition reaction between ethyl (3-indolylidene)acetate and various substituted α,N-diphenylnitrones, using environmentally benign microwave technology. A novel concerted reaction mechanism is descr......Regioisomeric spiro-(indoline-isoxazolidines) have been synthesized in moderate yields by the cycloaddition reaction between ethyl (3-indolylidene)acetate and various substituted α,N-diphenylnitrones, using environmentally benign microwave technology. A novel concerted reaction mechanism...

  13. Benzoyl Peroxide as an Efficient Dopant for Spiro-OMeTAD in Perovskite Solar Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qiuju; Fan, Lisheng; Zhang, Qin'e; Zhou, An'an; Wang, Baozeng; Bai, Hua; Tian, Qingyong; Fan, Bin; Zhang, Tongyi

    2017-08-10

    Although organic small molecule spiro-OMeTAD is widely used as a hole-transport material in perovskite solar cells, its limited electric conductivity poses a bottleneck in the efficiency improvement of perovskite solar cells. Here, a low-cost and easy-fabrication technique is developed to enhance the conductivity and hole-extraction ability of spiro-OMeTAD by doping it with commercially available benzoyl peroxide (BPO). The experimental results show that the conductivity increases several orders of magnitude, from 6.2×10 -6  S cm -1 for the pristine spiro-OMeTAD to 1.1×10 -3  S cm -1 at 5 % BPO doping and to 2.4×10 -2  S cm -1 at 15 % BPO doping, which considerably outperform the conductivity of 4.62×10 -4  S cm -1 for the currently used oxygen-doped spiro-OMeTAD. The fluorescence spectra suggest that the BPO-doped spiro-OMeTAD-OMeTAD layer is able to efficiently extract holes from CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 and thus greatly enhances the charge transfer. The BPO-doped spiro-OMeTAD is used in the fabrication of perovskite solar cells, which exhibit enhancement in the power conversion efficiency. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Introduction of axial chirality at a spiro carbon atom in the synthesis of pentaerythritol-imine macrocycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grajewski, J; Piotrowska, K; Zgorzelak, M; Janiak, A; Biniek-Antosiak, K; Rychlewska, U; Gawronski, J

    2018-02-07

    Novel chiral macrocyclic polyimines with spiro carbon atoms are described. The key feature of the synthesis is the formation of an axially chiral quaternary carbon atom having four constitutionally identical substituents. This is possible either by the freezing of the labile conformation of a spiro-diboronate moiety or by the diastereomeric fitting of a conformationally stable spiro-acetal moiety into a chiral framework. A general model for the description of this type of axial chirality is proposed.

  15. Theodore William Richards and the Periodic Table

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conant, James B.

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the contribution of Theodore Richards to the accurate determination of atomic weights of copper and other elements; his major contribution was to the building of the definitive periodic table of the elements. (BR)

  16. High performance spiro ammonium electrolyte for Electric Double Layer Capacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeRosa, Donald; Higashiya, Seiichiro; Schulz, Adam; Rane-Fondacaro, Manisha; Haldar, Pradeep

    2017-08-01

    The smallest spiro ammonium salt reported to date, 1 M 4-Axoniaspiro[3,4]octane tetrafluoroborate (APBF4), was successfully synthesized and investigated as the electrolyte with acetonitrile (AN) in an Electric Double Layer Capacitor (EDLC) for the first time. The electrochemical characteristics of EDLC devices containing 1 M APBF4/AN paired with commercial activated carbon electrodes were compared to devices containing popular EDLC electrolytes, 1 M 5-Azoniaspiro[4.4]nonane tetrafluoroborate (SBPBF4/AN) and 1 M tetraethyl ammonium tetrafluoroborate (TEABF4/AN), using cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The average gravimetric capacitance of the 1 M APBF4 device (124.7 F g-1) was found to be greater than the values measured for both the 1 M SBPBF4 device (108.6 F g-1) and the 1 M TEABF4 device (99.2 F g-1). The direct current equivalent series resistance (ESR) of the 1 M APBF4 device (383.4 mΩ cm-2) was found to be substantially lower than the values measured for both the 1 M SBPBF4 device (501.0 mΩ cm-2) and the 1 M TEABF4 device (710.8 mΩ cm-2). These results demonstrate that APBF4, when compared to current commercial electrolytes, significantly enhances the energy storage properties of EDLC devices.

  17. Synthesis of Racemic β-Chamigrene, a Spiro[5.5]undecane Sequiterpene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simen Antonsen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper describes a total synthesis of racemic β-chamigrene (1, a sesquiterpene with a spiro[5.5]undecane carbon framework. Compared with previously reported β-chamigrene syntheses, we were able to reduce the total number of reaction steps, which also resulted in a significant improvement of the overall yield. The commercially available ketone 6-methylhept-5-en-2-one was transformed by known simple procedures into 3,3-dimethyl-2-methylenecyclohexanone. This reacted with isoprene by a Diels-Alder reaction to give a spiro ketone. An olefination reaction on this compound gave the target molecule.

  18. Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2011-01-01

    It took a man who was willing to break all the rules to tame a theory that breaks all the rules. This talk will be based on my new book Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's life in science. I will try and present a scientific overview of the contributions of Richard Feynman, as seen through the arc of his fascinating life. From Quantum Mechanics to Antiparticles, from Rio de Janeiro to Los Alamos, a whirlwind tour will provide insights into the character, life and accomplishments of one of the 20th centuries most important scientists, and provide an object lesson in scientific integrity.

  19. In conversation with: Professor Richard James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Clarke

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2011, Richard James wrote in the Foreword to Nelson, Clarke, Kift, and Creagh’s (2012 monograph on Australasian literature on the First Year Experience that:The trend towards universal participation will usher in dramatic changes in the character of the first year in higher education. … (p. iiiIn an interview at the University of Melbourne, Australia in July 2013 between Richard James and John Clarke, Co-editor of the International Journal of the First Year in Higher Education, these and related issues were explored.  The interview picks up where the Foreword left off:  focussing on universal participation.

  20. Richard Wright and the Agony over Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassuto, Leonard

    2008-01-01

    Richard Wright's literary career begins with a lynching and ends with a serial murderer. "Big Boy Leaves Home," the 1936 story that leads off Wright's first book, "Uncle Tom's Children" (1938), renders the vicious mob-execution of a young black man falsely accused of rape. "A Father's Law," Wright's last novel, left unfinished at his unexpected…

  1. Potshemu medved rõtshit / Richard Pipes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pipes, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Harvardi ülikooli ajalooprofessor Richard Pipes arutleb, miks Venemaa viimase aja käitumises väljendub soovimatus koostööks, sageli ka vaenulikkus. Venemaa võimetus rahvusvahelises kontekstis oma kohta leida, selle ajaloolised juured

  2. Selected works of Richard P. Stanley

    CERN Document Server

    Stanley, Richard P; Lam, Thomas; Reiner, Victor; Reiner, Victor

    2017-01-01

    Richard Stanley's work in combinatorics revolutionized and reshaped the subject. Many of his hallmark ideas and techniques imported from other areas of mathematics have become mainstays in the framework of modern combinatorics. In addition to collecting several of Stanley's most influential papers, this volume also includes his own short reminiscences on his early years, and on his celebrated proof of The Upper Bound Theorem.

  3. Perspective: The Troubling Paradoxes of Richard Nixon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Richard B.

    1994-01-01

    Maintains that, if Richard Nixon is to be considered as a significant historical figure, his personality and complexity must be studied. Asserts that Nixon viewed the world as an unremitting struggle and unceasing competition in which an individual could only succeed by his own efforts. (CFR)

  4. Obituary: Richard Joseph Elston, 1960-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson; Bechtold, Jill

    2004-12-01

    Richard Joseph Elston, known for his development of innovative astronomical instrumentation, died on 26 January 2004 in Gainesville, Florida, after a four-year battle with Hodgkin's lymphoma. A professor of astronomy at the University of Florida, Richard had an unusually broad range of interests and skills, and a willingness to share his passion for astronomy with others, which made him a highly valued member of the astronomical community. Born 1 July 1960, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Richard was the son of a geologist father and journalist mother. His childhood interest in astronomy and instrumentation matured as he majored in physics and astronomy at the University of New Mexico (BS, 1983) under the mentorship of Michael Zeilik. Richard pursued his PhD in astronomy at the University of Arizona and earned his degree in 1988. He pioneered the use of IR arrays for deep imaging surveys of the sky to study galaxy formation, and completed his thesis Search for Rapidly Forming Galaxies at High Redshift under the direction of George Rieke. Richard's graduate work included the first detection of galaxies at intermediate redshifts with evolved populations too red to have been identifiable from optical imaging surveys alone. In the Astrophysical Journal Letters in 1988, he, George Rieke, and Marcia Rieke reported the discovery of this new class of galaxies, now known as EROs (Extremely Red Objects), important as the possible progenitors of present day elliptical galaxies. Following post-doctoral positions at Kitt Peak National Observatory from 1988 to 1991 and at the Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington from 1991 to 1992, Richard joined the scientific staff of Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, part of the NSF's National Optical Astronomy Observatory. By 1994, he had become head of CTIO's IR instrumentation program and was leading the development of new instruments for the US astronomical community. In 1996, Richard married astronomer

  5. Recensie "The Great Reset" : Richard Florida

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roy van Dalm

    2010-01-01

    Like the Great Depression and the Long Depression before it, experts have viewed prolonged economic downturns as crises. In The Great Reset , bestselling author Richard Florida argues that we should instead see the recent recession as an opportunity to create entirely new ways of working and living

  6. Richard P Feynman (1918-1988)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 16; Issue 9. Richard P Feynman (1918-1988). Featured Scientist Volume 16 Issue 9 September 2011 pp 908-908. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/016/09/0908-0908. Resonance – Journal of ...

  7. Richard A. Werners forskning i pengeskabelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Hvilken rolle spiller penge i samfundsøkonomien og hvilken rolle burde penge spille i den økonomiske videnskab? Det forsker Richard Werner i. Han er professor i økonomi ved Southampton University i England, og her præsenteres fire dele af hans forskning i penge: (1) Hvad foregår der egentlig i en...

  8. Schemata, Cognitive Structure, and Advance Organizers: A Reply to Anderson, Spiro, and Anderson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ausubel, David P.

    1980-01-01

    Anderson, Spiro, and Anderson (EJ 189 658) assert that the author's assimilation theory of meaningful learning and retention is "hopelessly vague." Documented examination of these assertions indicates that they are unspecified, unsubstantiated, undocumented, and based on indisputable misrepresentation of published material and on logical…

  9. Spiro-OMeTAD single crystals: Remarkably enhanced charge-carrier transport via mesoscale ordering

    KAUST Repository

    Shi, Dong

    2016-04-15

    We report the crystal structure and hole-transport mechanism in spiro-OMeTAD [2,2′,7,7′-tetrakis(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenyl-amine)9,9′-spirobifluorene], the dominant hole-transporting material in perovskite and solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. Despite spiro-OMeTAD’s paramount role in such devices, its crystal structure was unknown because of highly disordered solution-processed films; the hole-transport pathways remained ill-defined and the charge carrier mobilities were low, posing a major bottleneck for advancing cell efficiencies. We devised an antisolvent crystallization strategy to grow single crystals of spiro-OMeTAD, which allowed us to experimentally elucidate its molecular packing and transport properties. Electronic structure calculations enabled us to map spiro-OMeTAD’s intermolecular charge-hopping pathways. Promisingly, single-crystal mobilities were found to exceed their thin-film counterparts by three orders of magnitude. Our findings underscore mesoscale ordering as a key strategy to achieving breakthroughs in hole-transport material engineering of solar cells.

  10. Richard Florida : loovsektor on majanduskasvu mootor / Richard Florida ; interv. Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Florida, Richard

    2008-01-01

    USA majandus- ja ühiskonnateadlane Richard Florida loovklassi teooriast, selle osast majanduskasvu tagamisel, seosest ühiskonna tolerantsuse ja ühiskonna majandusliku edukuse vahel, sotsiaalse sidususe takistavast rollist loovuse motiveerimisel

  11. A Study of King Richard III : Richard's Evil Dominates the Play

    OpenAIRE

    東, 勉; Tsutomu, HIGASHI

    2005-01-01

    This paper is one attempt to analyse the structure of Shakespeare's History Richard III and to consider Richard's evilness and the process of his obtaining the English crown and the way of his falling from it. There are many thematic and historical connections between the Henry VI trilogy and this play. This play is usually classified as a History. But this classification is still ambiguous because there are many phases of this play. This play has an ambivalent element between the tragedy and...

  12. Method of lines solution of Richards` equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelley, C.T.; Miller, C.T.; Tocci, M.D.

    1996-12-31

    We consider the method of lines solution of Richard`s equation, which models flow through porous media, as an example of a situation in which the method can give incorrect results because of premature termination of the nonlinear corrector iteration. This premature termination arises when the solution has a sharp moving front and the Jacobian is ill-conditioned. While this problem can be solved by tightening the tolerances provided to the ODE or DAE solver used for the temporal integration, it is more efficient to modify the termination criteria of the nonlinear solver and/or recompute the Jacobian more frequently. In this paper we continue previous work on this topic by analyzing the modifications in more detail and giving a strategy on how the modifications can be turned on and off in response to changes in the character of the solution.

  13. Richard Wollheim 1923-2003 / Marek Volt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volt, Marek

    2004-01-01

    Järelehüüe anglo-ameerika filosoofile Richard Wollheimile (5. V 1923-4. XI 2003), kes huvitus maalist ja psühhoanalüüsist ning kuulub XX sajandi analüütilist kunstifilosoofiat enim kujundanud filosoofide hulka. Tema peamised tööd: "Art and Its Objects" (1968), "Painting As an Art" (1987), "On Painting and the Self" (1992). Ilmunud ka raamatus: Volt, Marek. Esteetikast. Tallinn : Sirp, 2006

  14. Selected papers of Richard Feynman with commentary

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    These scientific papers of Richard Feynman are renowned for their brilliant content and the author's striking original style. They are grouped by topic: path integral approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, renormalized quantum electrodynamics, theory of superfluid liquid helium, theory of the Fermi interaction, polarons, gravitation, partons, computer theory, etc. Comments on Feynman's topics are provided by the editor, together with biographical notes and a complete bibliography of Feynman's publications.

  15. Hopeful heretic--Richard Goldschmidt's genetic metaphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamm, Ehud

    2008-01-01

    Richard Goldschmidt famously rejected the notion of atomic and corpuscular genes, arranged on the chromosome like beads-on-a-string. I provide an exegesis of Goldschmidt's intuition by analyzing his repeated and extensive use of metaphorical language and analogies in his attempts to convey his notion of the nature of the genetic material and specifically the significance of chromosomal pattern. The paper concentrates on Goldschmidt's use of metaphors in publications spanning 1940-1955.

  16. Spiro-linked hyperbranched architecture in electrophosphorescent conjugated polymers for tailoring triplet energy back transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Shiyang; Ma, Zhihua; Ding, Junqiao; Wang, Lixiang; Jing, Xiabin; Wang, Fosong

    2012-04-17

    A spiro-linked hyperbranched architecture has been incorporated into electrophosphorescent conjugated polymers for the first time, aiming at simultaneously tailoring the intra- and intermolecular triplet energy back transfer from the phosphorescent guest to the conjugated polymer host. Based on a prototype with this unique structure, slower decay of triplet excitons, and 5-8 fold enhancement of device efficiencies are obtained compared with the conventional blending counterpart. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Richard Swedberg, The Art of Social Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carleheden, Mikael

    2015-01-01

    It is a rare event when a new general field of research opens up within sociology. However, with this book, Richard Swedberg intends to do just that. It is not just another book on social theory. It is a book on ‘theorizing’. And that makes all the difference. Swedberg has chosen the term ‘art......’, but also ‘craft’, to emphasize the practical side of doing theory. This topic has been strangely absent, not just in sociology but in the social sciences in general. In order to see this absence, we should ask ourselves how education in sociology is conventionally organized. The answer is by a taken...

  18. Richard Bright and his neurological studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, J M S

    2009-01-01

    Richard Bright was one of the famous triumvirate of Guy's Hospital physicians in the Victorian era. Remembered for his account of glomerulonephritis (Bright's disease) he also made many important and original contributions to medicine and neurology. These included his work on cortical epileptogenesis, descriptions of simple partial (Jacksonian) seizures, infantile convulsions, and a variety of nervous diseases. Most notable were his reports of neurological studies including papers on traumatic tetanus, syringomyelia, arteries of the brain, contractures of spinal origin, tumours of the base of the brain, and narcolepsy. His career and these contributions are outlined. Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Richard W. Ziolkowski Receives Honorary Doctorate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Breinbjerg, Olav

    2012-01-01

    At the annual Commemoration of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) on April 27, 2012, Prof. Richard W. Ziolkowski, University of Arizona (UoA), received DTU's highest academic degree, the Honorary Doctor degree: Doctor Technices Honoris Causa (Figure 1). Prof. Ziolkowski has been a close...... collaborator of DTU for several years, and the degree was awarded in recognition of “Outstanding and seminal contributions to metamaterial-inspired antennas.” The ceremony was attended by Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, and the US Ambassador to Denmark, Laurie S. Fulton....

  20. Richard Feynman Quarks, Bombs, and Bongos

    CERN Document Server

    Henderson, Harry

    2010-01-01

    Described by his peers as the "finest physicist of his generation," Richard Feynman defied scientist stereotypes. This brash New York-born American physicist startled the more conservative giants of European physics with his endless ability to improvise. Indeed, later in life, Feynman became an accomplished bongo player. Feynman's legacy to physics was his ability to simplify complex equations and clarify fundamental principles through the use of graphs. He developed the theory of quantum electrodynamics, which illustrates the behavior of electrically charged particles, such as elect

  1. Richard P. Feynman 1918-1988

    OpenAIRE

    Reiff, Patricia H.; Feynman, Joan; Gold, Thomas; Wasserburg, G. J.; Sheeley, Neil R., Jr.; Akasofu, S.-I.

    1988-01-01

    Richard Feynman, simply put, was a genius. His quick wit and uncommon grasp of physics meant that any research area he encountered, he quickly mastered. Despite the fact that his own area of research was not geophysics, his life and work influenced almost all of us. Virtually every physics graduate student who started in the mid 60s or later was exposed to his Lectures on Physics, either by having them as a text for a course or by using them (as I did) to bone up for oral qualifying exams...

  2. Richard Feynman a life in science

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    1998-01-01

    This text is a portrayal of one of the greatest scientists of the late 20th-century, which also provides a picture of the significant physics of the period. It combines personal anecdotes, writings and recollections with narrative. Richard Feynman's career included: war-time work on the atomic bomb at Los Alamos; a theory of quantum mechanics for which he won the Nobel prize; and major contributions to the sciences of gravity, nuclear physics and particle theory. In 1986, he was able to show that the Challenger disaster was due to the effect of cold on the booster rocket rubber sealings.

  3. Richard von Volkmann: surgeon and Renaissance man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willy, Christian; Schneider, Peter; Engelhardt, Michael; Hargens, Alan R; Mubarak, Scott J

    2008-02-01

    Richard von Volkmann (1830-1889), one of the most important surgeons of the 19(th) century, is regarded as one of the fathers of orthopaedic surgery. He was a contemporary of Langenbeck, Esmarch, Lister, Billroth, Kocher, and Trendelenburg. He was head of the Department of Surgery at the University of Halle, Germany (1867-1889). His popularity attracted doctors and patients from all over the world. He was the lead physician for the German military during two wars. From this experience, he compared the mortality of civilian and war injuries and investigated the general poor hygienic conditions in civilian hospitals. This led him to introduce the "antiseptic technique" to Germany that was developed by Lister. His powers of observation and creativity led him to findings and achievements that to this day bear his name: Volkmann's contracture and the Hueter-Volkmann law. Additionally, he was a gifted writer; he published not only scientific literature but also books of children's fairy tales and poems under the pen name of Richard Leander, assuring him a permanent place in the world of literature as well as orthopaedics.

  4. Seeing Scale: Richard Dunn’s Structuralism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Broadfoot

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Writing on the occasion of a retrospective of Richard Dunn’s work, Terence Maloon argued that ‘structuralism had an important bearing on virtually all of Richard Dunn’s mature works’, with ‘his modular, “crossed” formats’ being the most obvious manifestation of this. In this article I wish to reconsider this relation, withdrawing from a broad consideration of the framework of structuralism to focus on some of the quite particular ideas that Lacan proposed in response to structuralism. Beginning from a pivotal painting in the 1960s that developed out of Dunn’s experience of viewing the work of Barnett Newman, I wish to suggest a relation between the ongoing exploration of the thematic of scale in Dunn’s work and the idea of the symbolic that Lacan derives from structuralist thought. This relation, I argue, opens up a different way of understanding the art historical transition from Minimalism to Conceptual art.

  5. El vocabulario sechurano de Richard Spruce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Urban

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes accesible a new transcription of Richard Spruce’s vocabulary of the Sechura language. Collected in the mid-19th century by the British botanist, it constitutes one of only two sources of data for this language of northernmost Peru. A comparison of the original with previously published versions shows serious errors in transcription, in particular in those of Otto von Buchwald and Jacinto Jijón y Camaaño. The article also discusses the probable circumstances of data collection and the publication history of the hitherto known version, and concludes with some first observations on the significance of Spruce’s wordlist for elucidating the linguistic history of the region, in particular with regard to the question of the linguistic situation at Olmos.

  6. Has Richard Rorty a moral philosophy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Asghari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available I try to show that Richard Rorty, although is not a moral philosopher like Kant, nerveless, has moral philosophy that must be taken seriously. Rorty was not engaged with moral philosophy in the systematic manner common among leading modern and contemporary moral philosophers. This paper has two parts: first part, in brief, is concerned with principles of his philosophy such as anti-essentialism, Darwinism, Freudism, and historicism. Second part which be long and detailed, considers many moral themes in Rorty's thought such as critique of Kantian morality, solidarity, moral progress, cruelty and concept of other, etc. Subsequently, I will try to answer the research question of the article namely, has Rorty a moral philosophy?

  7. Conoscenza e etica in Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Romano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The era in which we live, characterized by multiculturalism and complexity, it is a time when it is clear the difficulty of man to orient and to choose their own way. It’s the time of the fall of every certainty, is the era of “post”, after the tradition, after metaphysics, after the truth, and that requires more effort than any other constant reflection. The neopragmatismo seems to be an effective investigative tool for conducting this reflection and a vantage point to carry on a conversation around the issues of education. In particular, the author intended to refer to the work of Richard Rorty, the author who more than others reflected on the encounter between two important pragmatist tradition: that of classical pragmatism and the “continental” or responsible for the development of a new European concept of truth, understood as a critical and interpretative.

  8. Richard Avedon ja Annie Leibovitz laulsid kaanonit / Marika Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Marika

    2008-01-01

    Richard Avedoni (1923-2004) retrospektiivnäitusest (fotod aastatest 1946-2004) kuraator Helle Crenzien (Lousiana Kaasaegse Kunsti muuseum Taanis), millega kaasnes ka Helen Whitney film "Richard Avedon : darkness and light" ja Annie Leibovitzi (1949) suurprojektist "A photographer's life 1990-2005" Pariisis

  9. W. Richard Scott, Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Book review of: W. Richard Scott: Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities. 4th edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2014. xiii, 345 pp.......Book review of: W. Richard Scott: Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities. 4th edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2014. xiii, 345 pp....

  10. Multicomponent synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking of new spiro-oxindole derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sapnakumari

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available A new series of spiro-oxindoles that were identified based upon their ability to inhibit methionine tRNA synthase (PDB ID: 1PFV and glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase (PDB ID: 1JXA enzymes in virtual screening was synthesized by a three-component 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition method. The reaction proceeds through the formation of azomethine ylides generated in situ by the decarboxylative condensation of isatin and amino acids with dipolarophile chalcones. These compounds are active against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus, supporting the in silico screening. In addition, their antitubercular activity was assessed using the MABA method. The compounds 3′-[(4-fluorophenylcarbonyl]-4′-phenylspiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H-one 3a, 4′-(4-bromophenyl-3′-[(4-fluorophenylcarbonyl]-5′-(hydroxymethyl spiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H-one 3e and 4′-(4-chlorophenyl-3′-[(4-fluorophenylcarbonyl]-5′-(2-methylpropylspiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H-one 3g are potent molecules with MIC of 0.8 μg/mL. In the DPPH radical scavenging assay, compounds 4′-(4-chlorophenyl-3′-[(4-fluorophenylcarbonyl]spiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H-one 3b, 4′-(4-chlorophenyl-3′-[(4-fluorophenylcarbonyl]-5′-(hydroxymethylspiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H-one 3d and 4′-(4-bromophenyl-3′-[(4-fluorophenylcarbonyl]-5′-(hydroxymethylspiro[indole-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2(1H-one 3e exhibited significant radical scavenging capacity. Keywords: Chalcone, Spiro-oxindole, Azomethine ylide, Antimicrobial activity, Molecular docking

  11. Shelly Spiro: a pharmacy technology guru ASCP president 2009-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Marlene Z

    2009-10-01

    Rachelle "Shelly" Spiro, RPh, FASCP, incoming president of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP), believes sharing information electronically will greatly benefit pharmacy practice. In recent years she has been an expert in health care technology, helping establish standards for reporting health care data on outcomes, reimbursement, and electronic medical records--all areas that affect consultant pharmacists. One of her goals as president is to help mentor potential leaders by having a grassroots campaign to reach out to students in schools of pharmacy. In addition, she wants ASCP's leadership to move to a more regional structure and get members more involved locally at state levels.

  12. Spiro annulation of cage polycycles via Grignard reaction and ring-closing metathesis as key steps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sambasivarao Kotha

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A simple synthetic strategy to C2-symmetric bis-spiro-pyrano cage compound 7 involving ring-closing metathesis is reported. The hexacyclic dione 10 was prepared from simple and readily available starting materials such as 1,4-naphthoquinone and cyclopentadiene. The synthesis of an unprecedented octacyclic cage compound through intramolecular Diels–Alder (DA reaction as a key step is described. The structures of three new cage compounds 7, 12 and 18 were confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies.

  13. Synthesis of spiro[indolo-1,5-benzodiazepines] from 3-acetyl ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Synthesis of spiro[indolo-1,5-benzodiazepines] from 3-acetyl coumarins. 267. Table 2. IR and PMR spectral data of compounds 4(a–f). IR (cm–1). Compd. R. νC=O (lactone). νC=O (keto). νC=O (amide). νN–H. PMR δ (ppm). 4a. H. 1721. 1610. 1662. 3188. 7⋅93 (s, 1H, =CH), 8⋅70 (s, 1H, C4-H), 10⋅46. (s, 1H, NH, D2O ...

  14. Transformation of Zwitterionic Pyridine Derivatives to a Spiro-Fused Ring System: Azoniabenzo[de]fluorine. Synthesis and Mechanistic Rationalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palkó, Roberta; Egyed, Orsolya; Rokob, Tibor András; Bombicz, Petra; Riedl, Zsuzsanna; Hajós, György

    2015-01-02

    Reaction of aryl- and benzylsulfanopyridinium amidates bearing a methyl group in position 6 with 2 equiv of diphenylketene afforded a spiro-fused ring system: azoniabenzo[de]fluorine. By use of an excess amount of ketene, a distinct reaction was observed via which a 1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-2(3H)-one derivative was furnished. The structure of the tetracyclic spiro-fused ring system was unambiguously confirmed by X-ray diffraction, and its formation was rationalized by DFT calculations.

  15. Obituary: Richard D. Schwartz (1941-2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilking, Bruce

    2011-12-01

    Richard D. Schwartz, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy, died at his home in Sequim, WA, after a nearly 3 year battle against pancreatic cancer. Richard was born in Pretty Prairie, Kansas. He was active in sports and band and graduated in 1959. After completing a BS at Kansas State, and a Master's degree in Divinity at Union Seminary in NY, he further studied astrophysics, receiving his doctorate from University of Washington in 1973. When Dick arrived at the University of Missouri-St. Louis in 1975, he was the only astronomer in the Department of Physics. He built the astronomy program and initiated the B.S. in physics with an astrophysics option that the majority of physics majors choose. Dick was a wonderful teacher and provided outstanding leadership to the campus. He designed and provided oversight on the construction of the campus observatory that was completed in 1981. Since that time the observatory has served as both a teaching and research facility. It is also used for monthly public open houses that draw hundreds of people annually to the campus to view the moon, stars, and planets. Upon his retirement in 2003, the Board of Curators approved naming the campus observatory the "Richard D. Schwartz Observatory" in honor of his distinctive service to the University of Missouri-St. Louis. Just as important as Dick's service to promote public interest in astronomy was his effort to make the campus observatory a research facility. Dick equipped and maintained the observatory with state-of-art detectors that allowed students to get their first taste of scientific research. From 1991-2003, he managed the campus program for the NASA/Missouri Space Grant Consortium and mentored over 30 research students in projects at the observatory. Some of the results have been published in astronomical journals. Many of those students went on to graduate schools and several have achieved tenure and distinction at major universities. In addition to Dick's service to the University

  16. Richard Murphy: a life in writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Meihuizen

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The Irish poet Richard Murphy published his autobiography “The kick: a life among writers” in 2003. From a slightly different perspective the subtitle of this work could be rewritten as “A life in writing” since it is an account of the agencies that moulded a life devoted to creative writing which forms the book’s essential impetus. The memoir is based on notebooks which Murphy kept throughout his life “to hold the scraps of verse, elusive images, dreams, desires and revelations” to be developed into poetry. Apart from contextualising his poetry by registering the relationships, circumstances and landscapes from which it germinated, Murphy also tells of the creative process itself and the personal poetics underlying this process. This article explores what is regarded as the central determining feature of Murphy’s identity as poet, namely the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where the concept of “place” is seen as a cultural palimpsest which represents not only physical qualities, but also the shaping and development of the landscape through time according to a certain way of life.

  17. Richard Murphy: Autobiography and the Connemara landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Meihuizen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It could be argued that an important feature of Richard Murphy’s work, and of his identity as a poet is the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where ‘place’ should be understood as referring not just to physical qualities of the natural environment, but in a broader sense to denote an environment in which everything is interrelated and connected, and in which there is no sharp division between the natural and the human. The landscape providing inspiration for Murphy’s poetic imagination is the landscapes and seascapes of Connemara in north-west Ireland. In 1959 he settled in this environment which was to be his base for the next 20 years and from this period and this location emanated the bulk of his poetic oeuvre. For Murphy committing to a life of writing poetry necessarily means being in the Connemara landscape. Returning to this environment in adulthood represents a quest for recovering childhood feelings, of belonging and love, as connected to particular places. Murphy’s Connemara poems could be read as an account of this process of re-placement, as a type of autobiographical text in which the artist creates a ‘double portrait’: in writing about the landscape he also writes about himself, creating a place-portrait which is, at the same time, a self-portrait.

  18. Richard Murphy: Autobiography and the Connemara landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Meihuizen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available It could be argued that an important feature of Richard Murphy’s work, and of his identity as a poet is the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where ‘place’ should be understood as referring not just to physical qualities of the natural environment, but in a broader sense to denote an environment in which everything is interrelated and connected, and in which there is no sharp division between the natural and the human. The landscape providing inspiration for Murphy’s poetic imagination is the landscapes and seascapes of Connemara in north-west Ireland. In 1959 he settled in this environment which was to be his base for the next 20 years and from this period and this location emanated the bulk of his poetic oeuvre. For Murphy committing to a life of writing poetry necessarily means being in the Connemara landscape. Returning to this environment in adulthood represents a quest for recovering childhood feelings, of belonging and love, as connected to particular places. Murphy’s Connemara poems could be read as an account of this process of re-placement, as a type of autobiographical text in which the artist creates a ‘double portrait’: in writing about the landscape he also writes about himself, creating a place-portrait which is, at the same time, a self-portrait.

  19. Nanostructured TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 heterojunction solar cells employing spiro-OMeTAD/Co-complex as hole-transporting material

    KAUST Repository

    Noh, Jun Hong

    2013-01-01

    For using 2,2′,7,7′-tetrakis(N,N′-di-p- methoxyphenylamine)-9,9′-spirobifluorene (spiro-OMeTAD) as a hole conductor in solar cells, it is necessary to improve its charge-transport properties through electrochemical doping. With the aim of fabricating efficient mesoscopic TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 heterojunction solar cells, we used tris[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-4-tert- butylpyridine)cobalt(iii) tris(bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide)] (FK209) as a p-dopant for spiro-OMeTAD. The mixture of spiro-OMeTAD, FK209, lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (Li-TFSI), and 4-tert-butylpyridine (TBP) exhibited significantly higher performance than mixtures of pristine spiro-OMeTAD, spiro-OMeTAD, and FK209, and spiro-OMeTAD, Li-TFSI, and TBP. Such a synergistic effect between the Co-complex and Li-TFSI in conjunction with spiro-OMeTAD effectively improved the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the fabricated solar cells. As a result, we achieved PCE of 10.4%, measured under standard solar conditions (AM 1.5G, 100 mW cm-2). © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

  20. The oxidation of 2,2,5-three methyl-6-spiro cyclo hexane di hydro pyranol-5(X CI)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nikitin, V.I.

    1961-01-01

    In this chapter of book author as a result of oxidation of 2,2,5-three methyl-6-spiro cyclo hexane di hydro pyranol-5 evolved acetone, cyclopentanone, formic acid, acetic acid, oxalic acid, α-oxi isobutyric acid and adipinic acids

  1. Kuues väljasuremine / Richard Leakey, Roger Lewin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leakey, Richard

    2002-01-01

    Inimtegevuse hävitavast toimest looduslikule mitmekesisusele, mis tingib loodusliku energiatootmise järsu kahanemise, millest omakorda sõltub inimese enda ellujäämine. Lühidalt Richard Leakey'st

  2. Synthesis, stereochemistry and cytotoxic activity of novel steroidal 16-spiro-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wölfling, János; Kovács-Pénzes, Piroska; Zupkó, István; Schneider, Gyula; Frank, Éva

    2012-04-01

    The epimeric pairs a and b of novel steroidal 16-spiro-dioxaphosphorinanes 4-8 were synthetized via the phosphorylation of 16,16-bis(hydroxymethyl)androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (2) and their stereostructures were investigated by NMR methods. The dioxaphosphorinane moiety exists mainly as one of the possible chair conformers or as a chair-twist equilibrium in solution as a consequence of the rigidity of the sterane framework. The contributions of the conformers depend strongly on the configuration of the P atom and the stereoelectronic properties of the substituents on it. The antiproliferative activities of the structurally related products were determined in vitro with the MTT assay on three malignant human cell lines (HeLa, MCF7 and A431).

  3. Shelf life stability comparison in air for solution processed pristine PDPP3T polymer and doped spiro-OMeTAD as hole transport layer for perovskite solar cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Dubey

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This data in brief includes forward and reverse scanned current density–voltage (J–V characteristics of perovskite solar cells with PDPP3T and spiro-OMeTAD as HTL, stability testing conditions of perovskite solar cell shelf life in air for both PDPP3T and spiro-OMeTAD as HTL as per the description in Ref. [1], and individual J–V performance parameters acquired with increasing time exposed in ambient air are shown for both type of devices using PDPP3T and spiro-OMeTAD as HTL. The data collected in this study compares the device stability with time for both PDPP3T and spiro-OMeTAD based perovskite solar cells and is directly related to our research article “solution processed pristine PDPP3T polymer as hole transport layer for efficient perovskite solar cells with slower degradation” [2].

  4. Obituary: Richard B. Dunn, 1927-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keil, Stephen L.; Dooling, David

    2007-12-01

    Dr. Richard B. Dunn, astronomer emeritus at the National Solar Observatory, died of a heart attack on September 29, 2005. He was recognized as one of the foremost experimental solar physicists. His innovative designs for telescopes and instruments led to many important discoveries in solar physics. Born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1927 and raised in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Dick's parents were Dr. Halbert L. Dunn and Katherine Brandner. Halbert (MD, Ph.D., F.A.P.H.A.) was an physician who became Chief of the National Office of Vital Statistics, Public Health Service. He published a paper "High Level Wellness for Man and Society" that became the founding paper of the field of wellness health care. After their divorce in 1942, Katherine moved to New York and became a social worker. Dick had two older brothers who died before him, Halbert (born in 1921, who became a civil engineer) and Robert (born in 1924, who became an architect). Dick earned a BS in mechanical engineering and an MS in astronomy at the University of Minnesota. At the end of World War II he served in the United States Army in Japan. For his master's degree, Dick undertook the design and construction of a Lyot-type birefringent filter for observations of solar prominences. This early work led to his acceptance at Harvard, where Professor Donald Menzel encouraged him to continue his work with the 15-inch Cambridge telescope. In 1951 he conducted part of his doctoral thesis work at the fledgling Sacramento Peak Observatory in southern New Mexico. The observatory director, Dr. John Evans, was impressed with Dick's outstanding instrumental talents and invited him to join as one of the first scientific staff members. During his first few years at Sac Peak, Dick developed two more birefringent filter systems including one with an integrated coronagraph. With this system, he produced the best prominence and spicule observations ever obtained. Dick's career was dedicated to obtaining solar observations of the

  5. Synthesis and biological activities of some new spiro 1,2,4-triazole derivatives having sulfonamide moiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hany M. Dalloul

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A new series of spiro 1,2,4-triazoles 5-9a-j were prepared by the reaction of appropriate amidrazones 4 with cyclic ketones in catalytic amount of p-toluene sulfonic acid. The structures of the titled compounds have been elucidated by the elemental analysis and spectroscopic data (IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS. The biological activities of the prepared compounds were investigated using well-established methods from the literature.

  6. Fragrance material review on 1-spiro[4.5]dec-7-en-7-yl-4-pent-1-one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scognamiglio, J; Letizia, C S; Api, A M

    2013-12-01

    A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1-spiro[4.5]dec-7-en-7-yl-4-pent-1-one when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1-Spiro[4.5]dec-7-en-7-yl-4-pent-1-one is a member of the fragrance structural group Alkyl Cyclic Ketones. These fragrances can be described as being composed of an alkyl, R1, and various substituted and bicyclic saturated or unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons, R2, in which one of the rings may include up to 12 carbons. Alternatively, R2 may be a carbon bridge of C2-C4 carbon chain length between the ketone and cyclic hydrocarbon. This review contains a detailed summary of all published and unpublished toxicology and dermatology papers that are related to this individual fragrance ingredient and is not intended as a stand-alone document. Available data for 1-spiro[4.5]dec-7-en-7-yl-4-pent-1-one were evaluated then summarized and includes acute toxicity, skin irritation, mucous membrane (eye) irritation, skin sensitization, phototoxicity, photoallergy, repeated dose, and genotoxicity data. A safety assessment of the entire Alkyl Cyclic Ketones will be published simultaneously with this document; please refer to Belsito et al. (2013) for an overall assessment of the safe use of this material and all Alkyl Cyclic Ketones in fragrances. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Ellen Swallow Richards (1842-1911): Ecological Foremother.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Patricia J.

    Most educated women (in the sciences and other fields) still have a hard time discarding the patriarchal socialization and pressures in their own fields which prevent them from seeing this extraordinary woman as an environmental pioneer and ecological foremother. Ellen Swallow Richards merits attention and respect as a foremother of what would…

  8. Arcan-Richard Specimens: Is There a Pure Shear Mode?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Seitl, Stanislav; Hutař, Pavel; Fernández-Canteli, A.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 452-453, - (2011), s. 345-348 ISSN 1013-9826 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA101/09/0867 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20410507 Keywords : Stress intensity factor, T-stress, mixed-mode, Arcan-Richard specimen Subject RIV: JL - Materials Fatigue, Friction Mechanics

  9. Koht, kust tagasi ei tulda / Mark Jenkins ; fotod Cory Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jenkins, Mark

    2015-01-01

    National Geographicu ekspeditsiooni, mille koosseisu kuulusid Renan Ozturk, Mark Jenkins, Cory Richards, Emily Harrington ja Kilaree O'Neill, püüdlustest tõusta Kagu-Aasia kõrgeima mäe Hkakabo Razi tippu ning mõõta selle täpset kõrgust GPS-i abil

  10. Richard Nixon's "Pragmatic" Space Race: Metaphorically Crafting a National Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krug, Linda T.

    President Richard Nixon decided in 1970 to commission the construction of a fleet of reusable space shuttles. Nixon's rhetoric on the space shuttle program (examined here in the light of Kenneth Burke's theory of symbolic action) shows how a philosophy of pragmatism was crafted out of a philosophy of wonderment. That one cannot now remember…

  11. Health effects of passive smoking in adolescent children | Richards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Health effects of passive smoking in adolescent children. G.A. Richards, A.P.S. Terblanche, A.J. Theron, L. Opperrnan, G. Crowther, M.S. Myer, K.J. Steenkamp, F.C.A. Smith, R. Dowdeswell, C.A. van der Merwe, K. Stevens, R. Anderson ...

  12. Five Things I Learned from Richard Feynman About Science ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 16; Issue 9. Five Things I Learned from Richard Feynman About Science Education. Kathy Ceceri. Personal Reflections Volume 16 Issue 9 September 2011 pp 879-880. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  13. Reading 'blackface': A (narrative) introduction to Richard Kearney's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prominent Irish philosopher Richard Kearney's notion of 'carnal hermeneutics' is introduced by applying it to a case study of a recent event that took place at one of South Africa's university campuses. The narrative assists in illuminating some of the core principles of carnal hermeneutics and illustrates the applicability of ...

  14. Richard Phillips Feynman-Physicist and Teacher Extraordinary

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 16; Issue 9. Richard Phillips Feynman - Physicist and Teacher Extraordinary. N Mukunda. Article-in-a-Box Volume 16 Issue 9 September 2011 pp 796-797. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  15. To Have Been a Student of Richard Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 16; Issue 9. To Have Been a Student of Richard Feynman. Laurie M Brown. Personal Reflections Volume 16 Issue 9 September 2011 pp 874-878. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  16. Whatever Happened to Richard Reid's List of First Programming Languages?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegfried, Robert M.; Greco, Daniel M.; Miceli, Nicholas G.; Siegfried, Jason P.

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the 1990s, Richard Reid of Michigan State University maintained a list showing the first programming language used in introductory programming courses taken by computer science and information systems majors; it was updated for several years afterwards by Frances Van Scoy of West Virginia University. However, it has been 5 years since…

  17. Success: Richard Dyer on Diana Ross [and Beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooijman, J.

    2016-01-01

    In June 1982, film scholar Richard Dyer published a two-page essay on African-American star Diana Ross in the journal Marxism Today. Part of Dyer’s essay focuses on the American conception of success and specifically on how Ross is one of the few black artists who has been "allowed" to be such a

  18. New regioselective multicomponent reaction: one pot synthesis of spiro heterobicyclic aliphatic rings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byk, G; Gottlieb, H E; Herscovici, J; Mirkin, F

    2000-01-01

    In the context of our high-throughput organic synthesis program, we have studied the reactivity of special beta-keto esters toward the Biginelli reaction. We have found that a cyclic beta-keto ester reacts with one molecule of urea and two molecules of aldehyde to give a new family of spiro heterobicyclic aliphatic rings in good yields. Interestingly, the Biginelli product was not detected. After analysis of products using HPLC, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR, we have found that the reaction is driven by a regio-specific condensation of two molecules of aldehyde with the other reagents to afford only products harboring substituents exclusively in cis configuration. Monte Carlo minimization studies using MM2 force field suggest that cis products are energetically more stable than the trans counterparts. Together with previously reported data, these results suggest that the trans products were not obtained as result of steric hindrance produced by the equatorial position of one of the ring substituents. This new reaction is useful for high-throughput organic synthesis. Indeed, the new scaffold can be used to introduce additional groups in the molecules through remaining functional groups by a "domino strategy".

  19. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a New Hydrated Benzimidazolium Salt Containing Spiro Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulan Zeng

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A new hydrated benzimidazolium salt containing spiro structure was obtained when benzimidazole is added to ethyl alcohol of 1,5-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane-2,4-dione and trimethoxymethane. The title compound (C19H21O8 (C7H7N2 (0.5H2O was characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The result shows that it belongs to the triclinic system, space group P-1, with a = 11.017(2 Å, b = 11.424(2 Å, c = 11.650(2 Å, α = 70.60(3°, β = 71.00(3°, γ = 67.64(3°, Mr = 505.51, V = 1245.2(5 Å, Z = 2, Dc = 1.348 g/cm3, F(000 = 534, μ(MoKa = 0.102 mm−1. There exist two types of hydrogen bonds in the crystal. (C19H21O8− anions and (C7H7N2+ cations are linked by N–H···O hydrogen bonds, while (C19H21O8− anions and free water are linked by O–H···O hydrogen bonds. All of the above hydrogen bonds form a one-dimensional (1D-chained structure. The 1D chains further links the molecule into a three-dimensional (3D-layered structure.

  20. Synthesis, Molecular Structure and Spectroscopic Investigations of Novel Fluorinated Spiro Heterocycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shahidul Islam

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes an efficient and regioselective method for the synthesis of novel fluorinated spiro-heterocycles in excellent yield by cascade [5+1] double Michael addition reactions. The compounds 7,11-bis(4-fluorophenyl-2,4-dimethyl- 2,4-diazaspiro[5.5] undecane-1,3,5,9-tetraone (3a and 2,4-dimethyl-7,11-bis (4-(trifluoromethylphenyl-2,4-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-1,3,5,9-tetraone (3b were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FT-IR and NMR techniques. The optimized geometrical parameters, infrared vibrational frequencies and NMR chemical shifts of the studied compounds have also been calculated using the density functional theory (DFT method, using Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr functional and the 6-311G(d,p basis set. There is good agreement between the experimentally determined structural parameters, vibrational frequencies and NMR chemical shifts of the studied compounds and those predicted theoretically. The calculated natural atomic charges using NBO method showed higher polarity of 3a compared to 3b.The calculated electronic spectra are also discussed based on the TD-DFT calculations.

  1. Remarks On Richard Shusterman’s Pragmatist Aesthetics

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkoszewska, Krystyna

    2017-01-01

    Owing largely to his influential work on pragmatist aesthetics and somaesthetics Richard Shusterman is one of the most renowned aestheticians in the world. The release of Pragmatist Aesthetics in 1992 greatly influenced the scholarly landscape; judging by the outpouring of translations, reviews, conference papers, MA and PhD theses written on related topics, indeed, one might say that the book inaugurated a new chapter in aesthetics. Shusterman’s training as an analytic philosopher, and prior...

  2. Drawings of fossils by Robert Hooke and Richard Waller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusukawa, Sachiko

    2013-01-01

    The drawings of fossils by Robert Hooke and Richard Waller that were the basis of the engravings in Hooke's Posthumous works (1705) are published here for the first time. The drawings show that both Hooke and Waller were proficient draftsmen with a keen eye for the details of petrified objects. These drawings provided Hooke with a polemic edge in making the case for the organic origins of ‘figured stones’.

  3. Response to Richard Widdess: Music, Meaning and Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerome Lewis

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This commentary discusses the anthropological implications of Richard Widess’ paper by summarizing some anthropological approaches to music, especially focusing on the way musical participation inculcates and transmits an aesthetic orientation that guides action across cultural domains such as politics, economics and religion. The paper ends by suggesting that the heart of human culture is more likely to be an aesthetic orientation than a script or set of rules, and traces out some reasons why music does this so well.

  4. Continuing Conversations: The Image of Richard Nixon in Political Cartoons

    OpenAIRE

    Sanderson, Megan

    2016-01-01

    Historians have extensively researched and reported on the images presented by United States presidents. Political cartoons have been an effective means of depicting government figures’ behaviors, actions and deficiencies. The goal of this thesis is to examine images of President Richard Nixon as captured in political cartoons, with particular attention to the themes represented in works following the President’s key speeches. Nixon’s “Address to the Nation on the War in Vietnam” (1969), “Toa...

  5. Richard Wright, Toni Morrison, and United States book clubs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Madigan

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay focuses on the influence of commercial book clubs in the United States. It will examine the country's oldest commercial book club, the Book-of-the-Month Club (BOMC, Oprah's Book Club (OBC, which bears the name of its founder, television personality Oprah Winfrey, and their roles in the careers of two African-American authors, Richard Wright and Toni Morrison.

  6. Synthesis and Crystal Structures of Two Novel O, N-Containing Spiro Compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulan Zeng

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Two novel O, N-containing spiro compounds, C16H16ClNO4 (1 and C16H16N2O6 (2, were prepared by reactions of monosubstituted benzenamine (substituent = –NO2, –Cl and 1,5-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane-2,4-dione in ethanol solution of trimethoxymethane. Their structures were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 is triclinic with space group P-1 and cell constants: a = 5.9448(12, b = 9.782(2, c = 13.480(3 Å, α = 100.28(3°, β = 100.66(3°, γ = 97.83(3°, Mr = 321.75, V = 746.3(3 Å3, Z = 2, Dc = 1.432 g/cm3, F(000 = 336, μ(MoKa = 0.274 mm−1, the final R = 0.0544 and wR = 0.1538. Compound 2 is monoclinic with space group P21/c and cell constants: a = 12.472(3, b = 11.856(2, c = 10.643(2 Å, β = 99.83(3°, Mr = 332.31, V = 1550.7(5 Å3, Z = 4, Dc = 1.423 g/cm3, F(000 = 696, μ(MoKa = 0.110 mm−1, the final R = 0.0444 and wR = 0.1187. In 1, there exist some intra- and inter-molecular hydrogen bonds and C–H···π supramolecular interactions, while there are still π···π stacking interactions except for some intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds in 2. Two compounds both form a three-dimensional network structure via above intermolecular interactions.

  7. Click construction of spiro- and bridged-quatrefoil polymer topologies with kyklo-telechelics having an azide group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Yee Song; Yamamoto, Takuya; Tezuka, Yasuyuki

    2014-02-01

    Unprecedented tetracyclic polymer topologies with spiro- and a bridged-type quatrefoil forms are effectively constructed through an alkyne-azide, click-linking reaction by employing a kyklo-telechelic poly(tetrahydrofuran), poly(THF), precursor having an azide group, obtained through an electrostatic self-assembly and covalent fixation (ESA-CF) process, and complementary tetrafunctional alkyne reagents of either a pentaerythritol derivative or a four-armed star telechelic polymer precursor. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Oleaceran: a novel spiro[isobenzofuran-1,2'-naptho[1,8-bc]furan] isolated from a terrestrial Streptomyces sp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raju, Ritesh; Gromyko, Oleksandr; Fedorenko, Viktor; Luzhetskyy, Andriy; Müller, Rolf

    2013-07-19

    Chemical analysis of a terrestrial-derived Streptomyces sp. Lv20-195 cultivated from the root zone of Olea europea yielded oleaceran, 1, possessing a novel spiro[isobenzofuran-1,2'-naptho[1,8-b,c]furan] carbon skeleton. The structure of 1 was determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis.

  9. Richard Wollheim über die Metapher in der Malerei

    OpenAIRE

    Heinrich, Richard

    1993-01-01

    Es handelt sich um den Text eines Vortrages, den ich Jänner 1993 im Rahmen einer Vortragsreihe am Institut für Kunstgeschichte der Universität Wien gehalten habe. Er ist bisher unpubliziert und nicht redigiert. Das worüber ich spreche ist ein Artikel von Richard Wollheim mit dem Titel "Die Metapher in der Malerei". Diesen Artikel habe ich herausgegeben, gemeinsam mit meinem Kollegen Helmuth Vetter, 1991 in dem Band "Bilder der Philosophie". Ursprünglich handelt es sich um einen Vortrag, d...

  10. [Sir William Richard Gowers: author of the "bible of neurology"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirose, Genjiro

    2014-11-01

    William Richard Gowers is one of the great pioneers in neurology and the author of the well-known neurology textbook, "A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System." His concepts of neurology are based on meticulously and carefully accumulated knowledge of history, observations, and neurological examinations of patients with various neurological diseases. He is not only a great neurologist but also a great teacher who loves teaching students and physicians through well-prepared lectures. We can glean the essence of the field of neurology through his life story and numerous writings concerning neurological diseases.

  11. Review of Richard Bausch, Hello to the Cannibals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Chouard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard Bausch is credited with five collections of short stories and nine novels that have received various awards in the United States. His latest work, Hello to the Cannibals, blends a historical epic and a more intimate tale. Watch out‑this is a voracious novel.Other CarnageAn ethnologist investigating cannibalistic rites in Africa asks the head of the tribe : « Do you still have cannibals in your tribe ? » « No, we ate the last one yesterday, » answers the head of the tribe. Undoubtedly,...

  12. Sir Richard Burton as Totemic Pantomime Demon in Postcolonial Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Wallen

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The present article examines the ways in which the travels and journeys in Arabia and other Muslim lands of Richard Francis Burton, the nineteenth-century explorer and writer have, since the influential work of EdwardW. Said on Orientalism, been somewhat undervalued by contemporaries. It aims to offer a re-evaluation of those works and their contribution to Victorian knowledge. It will also offer a challenge to Said’s account of Burton and, particularly in the second part, look at ways in which Burton has been viewed more generally by post-colonial theorists since Said’s influential work.

  13. "Symposium" by Richard Dawkins, Gerard 't Hooft, Alain Connes

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    Richard Dawkins will speak on biology, Gerard ‘t Hooft will focus on physics, and Alain Connes will discuss mathematics. CERN scientists probe ever-deeper levels of matter and their interactions, but can we say that the patterns they see are truly fundamental? Does the universe obey the same laws throughout? Since mathematical constructions can be true in the absence of any relation to the physical world, is mathematics more fundamental than physics? Extraterrestrial life would probably look much different from that on Earth, but natural selection still be fundamental to their evolution?

  14. Richard Rorty, o la posibilidad de un etnocentrismo universal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Gamero Cabrera

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo intentaremos comprender y analizar las implicaciones actuales de dos tesis del filósofo estadounidense Richard Rorty en relación con su etnocentrismo: La expansión global del sistema democrático liberal como horizonte de su teoría política y la restricción de las creencias de importancia última a la esfera privada. Compararemos esta teoría con las aportaciones de otros dos autores: una interpretación antropológica de los juegos de lenguaje de Wittgenstein y la democracia radical de Mouffe.

  15. Naturalismo e existencialismo na teoria moral de Richard Hare

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Antônio Oliveira de Azevedo

    2009-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2009v8n2p247Em um artigo de 1966, Amartya Sen procurou mostrar que mesmo Richard Hare, um devoto explícitodo antinaturalismo em ética, ainda que inadvertidamente, incorreu num tipo de naturalismo que Senintitulou de existencial. Neste breve artigo, traço um resumo dessa crítica à teoria de Hare, em especial,da chamada “Lei de Hume”, a qual Sen preferiu apropriadamente intitular “Regra de Hare”. Pretendomostrar como esse tipo peculiar de “existencialismo” no...

  16. Liberalismo e ironía en Richard Rorty

    OpenAIRE

    de Gamboa Tapias, Camila

    2010-01-01

    El planteamiento teórico de Richard Rorty acerca de las culturas liberales como comunidades conscientes de su contingencia histórica, pero también capaces de unirse en un proyecto público de solidaridad humana, constituye una importante propuesta que enriquece la discusión política en la actualidad. Su postura democrática antifundamentalista, su intento de reconciliar lo público con lo privado no mediante la  filosofía, sino a través de la literatura, así como su ironismo para evadir o rechaz...

  17. Free as in Freedom Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Sam

    2011-01-01

    Free as in Freedom interweaves biographical snapshots of GNU project founder Richard Stallman with the political, social and economic history of the free software movement. It examines Stallman's unique personality and how that personality has been at turns a driving force and a drawback in terms of the movement's overall success. Free as in Freedom examines one man's 20-year attempt to codify and communicate the ethics of 1970s era "hacking" culture in such a way that later generations might easily share and build upon the knowledge of their computing forebears. The book documents Stallman'

  18. Richard Clarke Cabot, M.D., a unitarian critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knights, Ward A

    2011-01-01

    This article is written to correct a historical impression about Richard C. Cabot, one of the founders of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). Contrary to the popular understanding that he was a typical Unitarian, the author posits that even though Cabot may have been a typical liberal, in his theology, he was an atypical Unitarian. This article places Cabot in his family and historical contexts, his involvement in CPE, and comments on his theology, noting how this differed from the prevailing Unitarian theology of his day.

  19. [Richard von Volkmann, one career of orthopaedic surgeon and poet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumbasirević, M; Lesić, A; Sudjić, V; Zagorac, S

    2010-01-01

    Richard von Volkman was one of the most famous and important surgeons in the 19th century. He pioneered antiseptic procedures and was especially known for his achivements in orthopedic surgery. Von Volkmann was born in Leipzig, Germany and attended medical schools in Giessen, Halle, and Berlin. Starting in 1867, he worked as a professor of surgery at the University of Halle, also leading its surgical clinic. He was active as a surgeon during Seven Weeks' War with Austria in 1866 and the Franco-Prussian war 1870/1871, in the latter as consulting Generalarzt. He was important in the introduction of antiseptic wound treatment in Germany, and through it to the United States of America. Two observations in orthopaedic surgery bear his name to these days: Volkmans contracture and Heuter-Volkmans low. Volkmann also wrote poetry under the name Richard Leander and his book entitled "Dreams by French Firesides" which still has a place in literature. He died of paralysis due to a chronic spinal disease, following a prolonged illness, in the Binswanger institution in Jena in 1889, at the top of his careere.

  20. Prof. Richard Mattessich at 95. His Research Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Galassi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is presented as a tribute to prof. Richard Mattessich. It is written “through the eyes” of a researcher who has worked closely with him over a period of 42 years, starting attending his courses of “Income Determination Theory” and “Research Methodology” at the University of British Columbia in 1975. Among his huge scientific research and publications, I intend to underline these three major contributions: (i Accounting metrics and other mathematical instruments which anticipated computer spreadsheet by 30 years; (ii. The preparation of accountants for information economics by means of analytical methods; and (iii The proposition of the “onion model of reality” to distinguish different Kind of reality. Este trabajo se presenta como un tributo al profesor Richard Mattessich. Está escrito “con los ojos” de un investigador que ha trabajado estrechamente con él durante un período de 42 años, comenzando a asistir a sus cursos de " Income Determination Theory" y "Research Methodology" en la Universidad de British Columbia en 1975. Entre su investigación y publicaciones, más importantes pretendo subrayar estas tres contribuciones principales: (i Accounting metrics and other mathematical instruments which anticipated computer spreadsheet by 30 years; (ii The preparation of accountants for information economics by means of analytical methods; y (iii The proposition of the “onion model of reality” to distinguish different Kind of reality.

  1. Review: Lyn Richards (2005. Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert L. Miller

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide is an introductory textbook covering all stages of qualitative research from the initial conceptualisation of a project, through data collection and analysis, to writing up. The author, Lyn RICHARDS, is a well-known developer of two key qualitative software analysis packages, NUD*IST and NVivo. While RICHARDS clearly advocates the use of qualitative analysis software, the text is "generic" and could be used in tandem with any qualitative software package. The book concentrates on practical advice about the use of software to manage and analyse qualitative data, and provides insights in these areas. The consideration of issues around team-based qualitative research is another strong point. However, due in part to its short length, the overall coverage of topics tends to be superficial. In itself, the book does not provide sufficient detailed support for a student who would like to use it as her/his main source of guidance for carrying out a qualitative research project. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602244

  2. Argument from Design in Richard Baxter's Natural Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Koshelev

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the teleological argument, or argument from design, as expounded by a famous English Protestant theologian Richard Baxter, one of the leading 17-th century English Puritans, in his work “The Reasons of the Christian Religion”. Natural theology, providing arguments for the existence of God based on reason and without appeal to the Revelation, has always played a vital role throughout the entire history of theological thought. The most popular was the so called teleological argument, or the argument from design, which stands out among all rational arguments for the existence of the Creator. It is mostly known from the “Fifth Way” of the medieval Scholastic philosopher Thomas Aquinas and a famous work “Natural Theology” by an English 19-th century theologian William Paley. The foundation for the modern research in the area was laid during the age of the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century English nature philosophers and theologians, especially Robert Boyle, who believed the teleological argument to be the key element of Natural Theology. His friend and confessor, Richard Baxter, a prominent representative of the Puritan Natural Theology, mostly known by his theological works, paved the way for Natural Theology both in his own time and the following centuries. His work was thought to be the best collection of the evidences for Christianity.

  3. The Paradox of the Public Realm in Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Palacio Avendaño

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The concepto of the public sphere in Richard Rorty's philosophy, inherited of liberal tradition, allows be treated as a part of a game of language called democratic liberalism. One of the rules for validating a move in this game consists in taking for granted the distinction between the public and the private spheres. Richard Rorty thought that democratic liberalism did not need any foundation beyond the way to play it; its only criteria would be the game's practices, according an utopia which would allow us to make more movements in the game. That is, democratic liberalism does not require foundations, but just practices for achieving a social hioe inspired on freedom and pluralism. This kind of utopia, based upon the non-cruelty principle, would make possible an inclusive society where everyone would have a place for their own private vocabulary. In this way, Rorty would have linked freedom and solidarity. However, this language-game reveals the paradox of the link which implies the meaning of the public shere. Herein, freedom is not a sufficient condition of solidarity; hence, there is no place for social inclusion in Rorty's language game.

  4. New iridium complex as additive to the spiro-OMeTAD in perovskite solar cells with enhanced stability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Badia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A new iridium complex, IrCp*Cl(PyPyz[TFSI], has been synthesized and used as additive for the hole transporter material, spiro-OMeTAD, in perovskite solar cells. The cells prepared with this Ir additive present higher efficiency than reference cells, and similar to cells prepared with Co additive. We have determined that the presence of metal complexes as additives decreases the recombination rate, as it has been observed by impedance spectroscopy. Very interestingly, while the efficiency after 3 months decreases by 22% and 70% for reference cell and cell with Co additive, respectively, the efficiency of devices containing the Ir additive is only decreased by a 4%.

  5. Quantenmechanik im Kalten Krieg David Bohm und Richard Feynman

    CERN Document Server

    Forstner, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelten David Bohm und Richard Feynman zwei grundlegend verschiedene Ansätze der moderne Quantenmechanik: Bohm eine realistische Deutung mit Hilfe verborgener Parameter und Feynman den Pfadintegralformalismus. Dies ist umso bemerkenswerter, weil beide Physiker von ähnlichen Voraussetzungen ausgingen und aus ähnlichen Zusammenhängen stammten. Durch ihren vergleichenden Ansatz bietet diese Studie mehr als einen Beitrag zur Geschichte der Quantentheorie. Mit der Frage nach den sozialen und kulturellen Bedingungen der Theoriebildung ist sie darüberhinaus von wissenschaftssoziologischem und wissenschaftstheoretischem Interesse. Die anfangs ähnliche und später unterschiedliche Einbindung der beiden Wissenschaftler in die Scientific Community erlaubt es überdies zu untersuchen, welchen Anpassungsdruck die jeweilige Gruppe auf den individuellen Wissenschaftler und die Kernbestandteile seiner Forschungen ausübt und welche neuen Freiheitsgrade für die Theoriebildung entstehen, ...

  6. Naturalismo e existencialismo na teoria moral de Richard Hare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antônio Oliveira de Azevedo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2009v8n2p247 Em um artigo de 1966, Amartya Sen procurou mostrar que mesmo Richard Hare, um devoto explícitodo antinaturalismo em ética, ainda que inadvertidamente, incorreu num tipo de naturalismo que Senintitulou de existencial. Neste breve artigo, traço um resumo dessa crítica à teoria de Hare, em especial,da chamada “Lei de Hume”, a qual Sen preferiu apropriadamente intitular “Regra de Hare”. Pretendomostrar como esse tipo peculiar de “existencialismo” nos conduz, ainda que sob o possível protesto deHare e seus seguidores, a conclusões subjetivistas e relativistas sobre a moralidade.

  7. La paradoja de lo público en Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Palacio Avendaño

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de lo público en Richard Rorty, heredero de la tradición liberal, admite ser tratado como parte de un juego del lenguaje denominado liberalismo democrático. En ese sentido, una de las reglas de este juego para saber si una jugada es válida consiste en asumir la distinción entre esfera pública y privada. Richard Rorty pensó que este juego no requería fundamentación más allá de la forma de jugarlo, que el criterio en que se apoyaría estaba en las prácticas que tienen lugar dentro del mismo con arreglo a sostener una utopía que permitiera hacer cada vez más jugadas. Esto es, el liberalismo democrático no requería basarse en algo más allá de las prácticas conducentes a lograr una esperanza social alentada por la libertad en defensa del pluralismo. Su utopía liberal, guiada por el principio de la no-crueldad, haría posible una sociedad inclusiva en la que todos tuvieran espacio para su léxico privado. De este modo, Rorty habría vinculado libertad y solidaridad, pero su juego del lenguaje permite advertir la paradoja del vínculo que implicaría el sentido de lo público. Aquí, la libertad no es condición suficiente de la solidaridad, de modo que la inclusión social no tiene cabida en su juego del lenguaje.

  8. H.E. Mr Richard J. Fredericks, Ambassador of the United States of America to Switzerland

    CERN Document Server

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01 : Prof. L. Maiani, CERN Director-General, gives a piece of LHC super conducting wire to H.E. Mr. Richard J. Fredericks; Photo 02 : Prof. L. Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr. Jan van der Boon, CERN Director of Administration and H.E. Mr. J. Richard Fredericks

  9. 76 FR 10936 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Serra Drawing: A...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7348] Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective,'' imported from abroad...

  10. Reshaping a hero: The real life and times of Archibald Richards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    who contributed to the areas of trade unionism, physical culture, athletics and medicine in Cape Town. The purpose of this study was to move Archibald Richards from a historical marginal figure to the epicentre of research. It was envisaged to present a more accurate image of Richards and to highlight his strengths and ...

  11. O Beethoven-Schrift: Richard Wagner teórico The Beethoven-Schrift: theoretical Richard Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Burnett

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Quando consideramos a extensão da obra dramática de Richard Wagner, não causa estranheza que seus textos teóricos sejam praticamente desconhecidos. No entanto, um de seus escritos, intitulado Beethoven, influenciou decisivamente a elaboração de um livro famoso, hoje considerado um capítulo importante da história da estética, O nascimento da tragédia. Este artigo pretende analisar este escrito de Wagner na intenção de desvendar o que pode ter sido tão determinante na leitura que Nietzsche fez dele, e que o levou ao ponto de citá-lo de modo efusivo no primeiro prefácio da sua obra de estréia, dedicado àquele que, até então, era seu grande mestre e amigo e, como veremos, uma influência não só musical, mas também teórica.If we consider the magnitude of the Richard Wagner's dramatic work, it will be not strange to realize that his theoretical texts are almost entirely unknown. However, one of his writings, entitled Beethoven, exercised decisive influence upon the composition of The birth of tragedy, a famous book regarded nowadays as an essential moment of the history of aesthetics. The purpose of this paper is to examine this Wagner's writing aiming to unriddle which determinative motive brought Nietzsche to mention it enthusiastically in the original foreword of his first work, dedicated to whom which, until that moment, were his master and friend and exercised upon him an influence both musical and theoretical.

  12. Michel Spiro is appointed director of the IN2P3 and the Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics of the CNRS

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Michel Spiro was appointed director of the IN2P3, by order of the Minister of Youth, National Education and Research and the Minister of Research and New Technologies on February 17, 2003. He was also appointed director of the Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics of the CNRS by decision of the CNRS Director General on February 21, 2003" (1/2 page).

  13. New spiro (thio barbiturates based on cyclohexanone and bicyclo [3.1.1]heptan-6-one by nonconcerted [1+5] cycloaddition reaction and their conformational structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Pesyan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Crossed-aldol condensation reaction of aromatic aldehydes with ketones such as; acetone and cyclohexanone leads to the efficient formation of cross conjugated α,β-unsaturated ketones in excellent yield. The intermolecular and then intramolecular Michael addition reaction of α,β-unsaturated ketones derived from acetone and cyclohexanone with (thiobarbituric acids lead to synthesis new type of 7,11-diaryl-2,4-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-1,3,5,9-tetraone and 2,4-diaryl-1'H-spiro[bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-3,5'-pyrimidine]-2',4',6',9(3'H-tetraone, respectively in good yield. Structure elucidation is carried out by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, FT-IR, UV-Visible, mass spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography techniques. A possible mechanism of the formation is discussed. The structural conformation also demonstrated by coupling constants derived from dihedral angles between vicinal and geminal protons. The 1H NMR spectra of NH protons of spiro compounds derived from barbituric acid show a broad singlet peak instead, these protons in the spiro compounds derived from thiobarbituric acid show two distinct peaks. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v28i3.12

  14. Characterization of pore-filling of spiro-MeOTAD in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells and its consequence in device performance

    KAUST Repository

    Ding, I-Kang

    2009-08-27

    In this paper, the pore filling of spiro-MeOTAD (2,2\\',7,7\\'-tetrakis-(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)9, 9\\'-spirobifluorene) in mesoporous TiO2 films is quantified for the first time using XPS depth profiling and UVVis absorption spectroscopy. We show that spiro-OMeTAD can penetrate the entire depth of the film, and its concentration is constant throughout the film. We determine that in a 2.5-•m-thick film, the volume of the pores is 60-65% filled. The pores become less filled when thicker films are used. Such filling fraction is much higher than the solution concentration because the excess solution on top of the film can act as a reservoir during the spin coating process. Lastly, we demonstrate that by using a lower spin coating speed and higher spiro-OMeTAD solution concentration, we can increase the filling fraction and consequently the efficiency of the device

  15. Pore-Filling of Spiro-OMeTAD in Solid-State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells: Quantification, Mechanism, and Consequences for Device Performance

    KAUST Repository

    Ding, I-Kang

    2009-08-10

    In this paper, the pore filling of spiro-OMeTAD (2,2′,7,7′- tetrakis-(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)9,9′-spirobtfIuorene) in mesoporous TiO2 films is quantified for the first time using XPS depth profiling and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy. It is shown that spiro-OMeTAD can penetrate the entire depth of the film, and its concentration is constant throughout the film. We determine that in a 2.5-μm-thick film, the volume of the pores is 60-65% filled. The pores become less filled when thicker films are used. Such filling fraction is much higher than the solution concentration because the excess solution on top of the film can act as a reservoir during the spin coating process. Lastly, we demonstrate that by using a lower spin coating speed and higher spiro-OMeTAD solution concentration, we can increase the filling fraction and consequently the efficiency of the device. © 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

  16. 3+ and [Sb13Se16Br2] 5+ - Double and quadruple spiro cubanes from ionic liquids

    KAUST Repository

    Ahmed, Ejaz

    2014-01-08

    The reaction of antimony and selenium in the bromine-rich Lewis acidic ionic liquid [BMIm]Br·4.7AlBr3 (BMIm: 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium) in the presence of a small amount of NbCl5 at 160 °C yielded dark-red crystals of [Sb7Se8Br 2][AlX4]3. For X = Cl0.15(1)Br 0.85(1), the compound is isostructural to [Sb7S 8Br2][AlCl4]3 [P212 121, a = 12.5132(5) Å, b = 17.7394(6) Å, c = 18.3013(6) Å]. For a higher chlorine content, X = Cl 0.58(1)Br0.42(1), a slightly disordered variant with a bisected unit cell is found [P21212, a = 12.3757(3) Å, b = 17.4116(5) Å, c = 9.0420(2) Å]. The [Sb 7Se8Br2]3+ heteropolycation (C 2 symmetry) is a spiro double-cubane with an antimony atom on the shared corner. From this distorted octahedrally coordinated central atom, tricoordinate selenium and antimony atoms alternate in the bonding sequence. The terminal antimony atoms each bind to a bromine atom. Quantum chemical calculations confirm polar covalent Sb-Se bonding within the cubes and indicate three-center, four-electron bonds for the six-coordinate spiro atoms. The calculated charge distribution reflects the electron-donor role of the antimony atoms. The use of a chlorine-rich ionic liquid resulted in the formation of triclinic [Sb13Se16Br2][AlX4] 5 with X = Cl0.80(1)Br0.20(1) [P$\\\\bar {1}$, a = 9.0842(5) Å, b = 19.607(1) Å, c = 21.511(1) Å, α = 64.116(6), β = 79.768(7), γ = 88.499(7)]. The cationic cluster [Sb13Se16Br2]5+ is a bromine-terminated spiro quadruple-cubane. This 31 atom concatenation of four cubes is assumed to be the largest known discrete main group polycation. A similar reaction in a chloride-free system yielded [Sb7Se 8Br2][Sb13Se16Br2] [AlBr4]8. In its monoclinic structure [P2/c, a = 27.214(5) Å, b = 9.383(2) Å, c = 22.917(4) Å, β = 101.68(1)], the two types of polycations alternate in layers along the a axis. In the series [Sb4+3nSe4+4nBr2](2+n)+, these cations are the members with n = 1 and 3. Copyright © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGa

  17. Saxon Obsequies: the Early Medieval Archaeology of Richard Cornwallis Neville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Williams

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the origins of British Anglo-Saxon archaeology by focusing on the work of one early Victorian archaeologist: Richard Cornwallis Neville. The seemingly descriptive and parochial nature of Neville’s archaeological pursuits, together with the attention he afforded to Romano-British remains, has impeded due recognition, and critical scrutiny, of his contributions to the development of early Medieval burial archaeology. Using his archaeological publications as source material, I will show how Neville’s interpretations of Saxon graves were a form of memory work, defining his personal, familial and martial identity in relation to the landscape and locality of his aristocratic home at Audley End, near Saffron Walden, Essex. Subsequently, I argue that Neville’s prehistoric and Romano-British discoveries reveal his repeated concern with the end of Roman Britain and its barbarian successors. Finally, embodied within Neville’s descriptions of early Medieval graves and their location we can identify a pervasive Anglo-Saxonism. Together these strands of argument combine to reveal how, for Neville, Saxon graves constituted a hitherto unwritten first chapter of English history that could be elucidated through material culture and landscape.

  18. Juvenile Cosmology; Or Richard Powers’ Post-Global Doughnut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Roof

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Le roman de Richard Powers, Operation Wandering Soul (1993, présente le lien subtil qui associe un mondialisme déjà usé et vieillissant à l’enfant perçu comme catégorie dominante. Comme les faces serpentines d’un ruban de Möbius lové autour de l’illimité et de l’intemporel, le texte, tendu entre ses deux infinis – l’univers et l’enfant – révise la portée, la conception, la structure et le style du genre romanesque. Délaissant Aristote pour Einstein, Operation Wandering Soul se place sur le terrain de la cosmologie. Le récit, qui rassemble la kyrielle des grands ralliements juvéniles et leurs vains pèlerinages, concentre l’espace-temps dans une présentation qui évoque la « somme des histoires » de Richard Feynman. La contraction de l’espace-temps opérée par le roman ne fait pas de celui-ci un hymne simpliste au global (catégorie déjà aussi datée que celle des malheureux vétérans du Vietnam, mais capte au contraire la conscience grandissante d’une existence sans origine qui s’étend à perte de vue au-delà de ses coordonnées supposées. Le roman s’enroule sur lui-même tout en s’épanchant au dehors, boucle ses cadres et ses détours tout en desserrant leur emprise. Il fait tourner la roue de ses récits comme des planètes en rotation, la ronde d’un système solaire, le tourbillon d’une galaxie. La conscience que présente Operation Wandering Soul ne se résume donc pas au seul point de vue de l’âme errante qu’est le personnage de Kraft, mais consiste en la somme de tous les temps et de tous les lieux, de leurs strates accumulées comme une conscience en acte, complexe et tissée de réseaux, qui n’appartient à personne et est partagée par tous. Cette accumulation organise le jeu des perspectives multiples qui instaurent l’acte de lecture et sont instaurées par lui. À cet égard, lire constitue ici une physique des oubliés.Richard Powers’ novel Operation Wandering

  19. PolyRES: A polygon-based Richards equation solver

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hills, R.G. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Meyer, P.D.; Rockhold, M.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-12-01

    This document describes the theory, implementation, and use of a software package designed to solve the transient, two-dimensional, Richards equation for water flow in unsaturated-saturated soils. This package was specifically designed to model complex geometries with minimal input from the user and to simulate groundwater flow related to assessment of low-level radioactive waste disposal sites and engineered facilities. The spatial variation of the hydraulic properties can be defined across individual polygon-shaped subdomains, called objects. These objects combine to form a polygon-shaped model domain. Each object can have its own distribution of hydraulic parameters. The resulting model domain and polygon-shaped internal objects are mapped onto a rectangular, finite-volume, computational grid by a preprocessor. This allows the user to specify model geometry independently of the underlying grid and greatly simplifies user input for complex geometries. In addition, this approach significantly reduces the computational requirements since complex geometries are actually modeled on a rectangular grid. This results in well-structured, finite difference-like systems of equations that require minimal storage and are very efficient to solve. The documentation for this software package includes a user`s manual, a detailed description of the underlying theory, and a detailed discussion of program flow. Several example problems are presented that show the use and features of the software package. The water flow predictions for several of these example problems are compared to those of another algorithm to test for prediction equivalency.

  20. Forjando nuestras democracias: entre Richard Rorty y Vladimiro Montesinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Giusti

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at explaining the recent history of Peru, in an exercise in which it is possible to extract lessons about the way Latin American democracies have been(or have not been forged. The text draws a parallel between the ideas developed by Richard Rorty in his recently published book, Forjar nuestro país. El pensamiento de izquierdas en los Estados Unidos del siglo XX, and the events in Fugimori's and Montesinos' Peru. If, according to what Rorty believes, "national pride is for the countries what self esteem is for individuals ... " how would it be possible to narrate a history in which there are few motives to be proud of? Trying to escape fatalism and sarcasm, the text tries to show that Montesino's political course is, symbolically, a summary of the decomposition process of Peruvian democracy. Secondly, the text analyses the movements of the political left wing and deals with the support the regimen received from inside and outside the country, a support that was largely based on the illusion of political stability. Finally, it states, as Rorty does, that in order to forge democracies it is necessary for us to be deeply committed to the defense of the State of Right.

  1. [Richard Arwed Pfeifer. Aesthetics of "schizophrenic art" and brain research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somburg, O; Steinberg, H

    2008-11-01

    This paper concentrates on two aspects of the work of Leipzig brain researcher Richard Arwed Pfeifer (1877-1957). It has been little known that Pfeifer, like Prinzhorn, collected paintings by his schizophrenic patients. In works about these paintings, he tried to decipher their specific attraction and the possibility of differentiating artworks of sane artists from those of insane ones. From experimental research he concluded that the "demonic element" was of utmost importance, which however could temporarily be brought about by sane artists too. Trained in medicine and psychology by Wundt, Flechsig, and Niessl von Mayendorf, Pfeifer was appointed as the first associate professor of brain research in Germany in 1927. Until now he has been appreciated for reestablishing the angioarchitecture of the brain, mainly due to his works on the distribution of capillaries in the brain achieved by a particular method of injection which he developed. Moreover he contributed new findings on the interrelations of the capillaries and thus finally disproved the existence of so-called terminal arteries of Cohnheim.

  2. Transcendence, Taxis, Trust: Richard Kearney and Jacques Derrida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Schmiedel

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Whatever else it takes to drive a taxi, it takes trust. Day after day, the driver has to decide whether the other is or is not trustworthy. I take the taxi as a test case to analyze and assess Richard Kearney’s diacritical hermeneutics of the other. I argue that Kearney functionalizes the concept of transcendence in order to connect the transcendence of the finite other to the transcendence of the infinite other. However, in his central critique of the deconstructionists following Jacques Derrida, Kearney counters his connection. While Kearney’s critique of Derrida’s account of absolute alterity is correct and compelling, I argue that Derrida’s critique of a distinction between the trustworthy other and the non-trustworthy other might be more crucial than Kearney contends. Insisting on openness to the other’s otherness, Derrida provokes any hermeneutic of the other to trust in transcendence. The taxi is taken as a test to illustrate the implications which diacritical and deconstructive drivers might have for evaluating the entanglement of ethics and eschatology—inside and outside the taxi.

  3. Perception of Leitmotives in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Baker

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The music of Richard Wagner tends to generate very diverse judgments indicative of the complex relationship between listeners and the sophisticated musical structures in Wagner's music. This paper presents findings from two listening experiments using the music from Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen that explores musical as well as individual listener parameters to better understand how listeners are able to hear leitmotives, a compositional device closely associated with Wagner's music. Results confirm findings from a previous experiment showing that specific expertise with Wagner's music can account for a greater portion of the variance in an individual's ability to recognize and remember musical material compared to measures of generic musical training. Results also explore how acoustical distance of the leitmotives affects memory recognition using a chroma similarity measure. In addition, we show how characteristics of the compositional structure of the leitmotives contributes to their salience and memorability. A final model is then presented that accounts for the aforementioned individual differences factors, as well as parameters of musical surface and structure. Our results suggest that that future work in music perception may consider both individual differences variables beyond musical training, as well as symbolic features and audio commonly used in music information retrieval in order to build robust models of musical perception and cognition.

  4. A comprehensive evaluation of potential lung function associated genes in the SpiroMeta general population sample.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma'en Obeidat

    Full Text Available Lung function measures are heritable traits that predict population morbidity and mortality and are essential for the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Variations in many genes have been reported to affect these traits, but attempts at replication have provided conflicting results. Recently, we undertook a meta-analysis of Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS results for lung function measures in 20,288 individuals from the general population (the SpiroMeta consortium.To comprehensively analyse previously reported genetic associations with lung function measures, and to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in these genomic regions are associated with lung function in a large population sample.We analysed association for SNPs tagging 130 genes and 48 intergenic regions (+/-10 kb, after conducting a systematic review of the literature in the PubMed database for genetic association studies reporting lung function associations.The analysis included 16,936 genotyped and imputed SNPs. No loci showed overall significant association for FEV(1 or FEV(1/FVC traits using a carefully defined significance threshold of 1.3×10(-5. The most significant loci associated with FEV(1 include SNPs tagging MACROD2 (P = 6.81×10(-5, CNTN5 (P = 4.37×10(-4, and TRPV4 (P = 1.58×10(-3. Among ever-smokers, SERPINA1 showed the most significant association with FEV(1 (P = 8.41×10(-5, followed by PDE4D (P = 1.22×10(-4. The strongest association with FEV(1/FVC ratio was observed with ABCC1 (P = 4.38×10(-4, and ESR1 (P = 5.42×10(-4 among ever-smokers.Polymorphisms spanning previously associated lung function genes did not show strong evidence for association with lung function measures in the SpiroMeta consortium population. Common SERPINA1 polymorphisms may affect FEV(1 among smokers in the general population.

  5. The Crumbling Two-Story Architecture of Richard Powers’ Fictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas B. Byers

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available L’alternance de deux récits différents au sein d’une même narration constitue l’une des marques les plus saillantes de la technique narrative de Richard Powers. Cependant, les rapports qu’entretiennent ces deux récits varient sensiblement d’un roman à l’autre. Ils peuvent, d’un point de vue diégétique, reposer sur un même personnage, comme dans Galatea 2.2, ou sur la rencontre ponctuelle de divers protagonistes, comme dans The Echo Maker. Il arrive aussi qu’ils explorent un enchaînement présumé de cause à effet, comme dans Gain. Plus radicalement, dans Plowing the Dark, les deux récits paraissent tisser des liens essentiellement métaphoriques qui excluent plus ou moins toute idée de métonymie. Sur le plan de la signification, les deux récits semblent parfois former une unité lorsque combinaisons, parallèles et oppositions font se lever entre eux des rapports dialectiques. Ce travail met en évidence, dans plusieurs romans de Powers, les diverses permutations de cette structure à double récit et tente de cerner ce qui pourrait en constituer le « reste », élément irréductible à toute unité thématique ou artistique. Si un tel reste existe, quel sens pourrait-il alors revêtir ?A prominent characteristic of Richard Powers’ technique is that his novels generally proceed by the alternating narration of two different stories. The relations of one story to another vary quite widely, however. On the diegetic level, the two may have a common protagonist, as in Galatea 2.2; or they may concern the different but circumstantially intersecting lives of disparate figures, as in The Echo Maker; or they may explore a possible chain of cause and effect, as in Gain. Most radically, in Plowing the Dark, their relation seems to be more or less purely metaphoric, with little or no metonymic connection at all. On the level of meaning, the two stories may seem to form unities by operating in conjunction or parallel or

  6. Desire and the Other in Richard Yates's Revolutionary Road

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubica Matek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Richard Yates’s novel Revolutionary Road did not receive much academic attention despite the fact that it is an exceptionally refined and capturing piece of fiction. It was critically acclaimed following its publication in 1961, nominated for the National Book Award in 1962 and then forgotten. Not surprisingly, the novel was “rediscovered” once a movie adaptation was made in 2008. Revolutionary Road is typically read – quite expectedly – as a story of suburban malaise and a critique of the American (suburban life in the 1950s. However, in an interview, published in Ploughshares in 1972, Yates stated that although he intended the novel to be an indictment of American life in the 1950s because of a general lust for conformity (DeWitt and Clark 66, he never planned the novel to be anti-suburban in any way. On the contrary, he hoped to make it implicit in the text that he is writing about a particular couple, the Wheelers, and what turns out to be specifically “their delusion, their problem” (DeWitt and Clark 66. In that sense, the novel should be read as a psychological exploration of the universal issues of human desire and the relationship of the individual to the pre-established (social system in which he or she lives. Consequently, it becomes clear that Yates’s novel hardly represents an indictment of a way of life, but quite the opposite: an indictment of the individual unable to adapt to the demands of the Other. In Lacanian terms, Revolutionary Road is a story about the unattainable desire to create one’s identity regardless or in spite of the socially constructed Symbolic order.

  7. Stand diameter distribution modelling and prediction based on Richards function.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-guo Duan

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to introduce application of the Richards equation on modelling and prediction of stand diameter distribution. The long-term repeated measurement data sets, consisted of 309 diameter frequency distributions from Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in the southern China, were used. Also, 150 stands were used as fitting data, the other 159 stands were used for testing. Nonlinear regression method (NRM or maximum likelihood estimates method (MLEM were applied to estimate the parameters of models, and the parameter prediction method (PPM and parameter recovery method (PRM were used to predict the diameter distributions of unknown stands. Four main conclusions were obtained: (1 R distribution presented a more accurate simulation than three-parametric Weibull function; (2 the parameters p, q and r of R distribution proved to be its scale, location and shape parameters, and have a deep relationship with stand characteristics, which means the parameters of R distribution have good theoretical interpretation; (3 the ordinate of inflection point of R distribution has significant relativity with its skewness and kurtosis, and the fitted main distribution range for the cumulative diameter distribution of Chinese fir plantations was 0.4∼0.6; (4 the goodness-of-fit test showed diameter distributions of unknown stands can be well estimated by applying R distribution based on PRM or the combination of PPM and PRM under the condition that only quadratic mean DBH or plus stand age are known, and the non-rejection rates were near 80%, which are higher than the 72.33% non-rejection rate of three-parametric Weibull function based on the combination of PPM and PRM.

  8. Effective click construction of bridged- and spiro-multicyclic polymer topologies with tailored cyclic prepolymers (kyklo-telechelics).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugai, Naoto; Heguri, Hiroyuki; Ohta, Kengo; Meng, Qingyuan; Yamamoto, Takuya; Tezuka, Yasuyuki

    2010-10-27

    An alkyne-azide addition, i.e., click, reaction in conjunction with an electrostatic self-assembly and covalent fixation (ESA-CF) process has been demonstrated to effectively construct a variety of unprecedented multicyclic polymer topologies. A series of single cyclic poly(tetrahydrofuran), poly(THF), precursors having an alkyne group (Ia), an azide group (Ib), two alkyne groups at the opposite positions (Ic), and an alkyne group and an azide group at the opposite positions (Id) have been prepared by the ESA-CF process. Moreover, a bicyclic 8-shaped precursor having two alkyne groups at the opposite positions (Ie) was synthesized. The subsequent click reaction of Ia with linear (IIa) and three-armed star (IIb) telechelic precursors having azide groups has been performed to construct bridged-type two-way (IIIa) and three-way (IIIb) paddle-shaped polymer topologies, respectively. Likewise, spiro-type tandem tricyclic (IVa) and tetracyclic (IVb) topologies resulted from Ib/Ic and Ib/Ie, respectively. Furthermore, three types of multicyclic topologies that are composed of repeating ring (Va), alternating ring/linear (Vb), and alternating ring/star (Vc) units have been synthesized from Id, Ic/IIa, and Ic/IIb, respectively.

  9. Studies of Grafted and Sulfonated Spiro Poly(isatin-ethersulfone Membranes by Super Acid-Catalyzed Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Jin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Spiro poly(isatin-ethersulfone polymers were prepared from isatin and bis-2,6-dimethylphenoxyphenylsulfone by super acid catalyzed polyhydroxyalkylation reactions. We designed and synthesized bis-2,6-dimethylphenoxyphenylsulfone, which is structured at the meta position steric hindrance by two methyl groups, because this structure minimized crosslinking reaction during super acid catalyzed polymerization. In addition, sulfonic acid groups were structured in both side chains and main chains to form better polymer chain morphology and improve proton conductivity. The sulfonation reactions were performed in two steps which are: in 3-bromo-1-propanesulfonic acid potassium salt and in con. sulfuric acid. The membrane morphology was studied by tapping mode atomic force microscope (AFM. The phase difference between the hydrophobic polymer main chain and hydrophilic sulfonated units of the polymer was shown to be the reasonable result of the well phase separated structure. The correlations of proton conductivity, ion exchange capacity (IEC and single cell performance were clearly described with the membrane morphology.

  10. Richard Kelly: Pioneirismo na iluminação da arquitetura moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Brito Bandeira

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Livros resenhado: NEUMANN, Dietrich; STERN, Robert A. M. The structure of light: Richard Kelly and the illumination of modern architecture. New York: Yale University Press, 2010, 214 p. ISBN: 978-0-300-16370-4

  11. "More Rain and Less Thunder": Substitute Vocabularies, Richard Nixon, and the Construction of Political Reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Richard; Stuckey, Mary E.

    1997-01-01

    Sketches a key mechanism called "Substitute Vocabularies" whereby practitioners of democracies seek to reconcile contradictions between democratic political principle and repressive political action. Illustrates this by identifying the Richard Nixon administration's political principles regarding Native Americans as articulated in…

  12. "In the Beginning Was the Sixties": A Conversation with Richard Ohmann.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimbur, John

    1992-01-01

    Presents an interview with Richard Ohmann. Addresses a number of questions about political contestation within the study and teaching of writing and the current attacks on political correctness in the academy. (RS)

  13. Lendab nagu kotkas üle maailmas kogutud tarkuse / Richard Aroksaar ; intervjueerinud Ene Riet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aroksaar, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu eestlase Richard Aroksaarega, kes õppinud psühholoogiat ja raamatukogundust, töötab USA Rahvusparkide Ühenduse raamatukogus (National Park Service Library, NPS) süsteemi raamatukoguhoidja ja administraatorina

  14. Richard C. Benson, Penn State department head, to lead College of Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Hincker, Lawrence

    2005-01-01

    University Provost Mark C. McNamee announces the appointment of Richard C. Benson, as Virginia Tech's next dean of the College of Engineering. Benson currently heads the Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering at Penn State University.

  15. EDITORIAL: Richard Palmer: celebrating 37 years with Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter Richard Palmer: celebrating 37 years with Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, David

    2009-01-01

    It is with a great deal of both happiness and sadness that I have to announce that we are losing one of the real strengths of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (JPCM). Dr Richard Palmer, our Senior Publisher, announced his retirement, and this issue marks the first without his involvement. Of course, we are happy that he will get to enjoy his retirement, but we are sad to lose such a valuable member of our team. Richard first started work at IOP Publishing in March 1971 as an Editorial Assistant with Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics. After a few months, he transferred to Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics. During his first year, he was sent on a residential publishing training course and asked to sign an undertaking to stay at IOP Publishing for at least two years. Although Richard refused to sign, as he did not want to commit himself, he has remained with the journal since then. The following year, the Assistant Editor of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Malcolm Haines, walked out without notice in order to work on his family vineyard in France, and Richard stepped into the breach. In those days, external editors had a much more hands-on role in IOP Publishing and he had to travel to Harwell to be interviewed by Alan Lidiard, the Honorary Editor of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, before being given the job of Assistant Editor permanently. I am told that in those days the job consisted mainly of editing and proofreading and peer review. There was no journal development work. At some point in the early 1980s, production and peer review were split into separate departments and Richard then headed a group of journals consisting of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics and Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics, Semiconductor Science and Technology, Superconductor Science and Technology, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, and later Nanotechnology and Modelling and Simulation

  16. Obituary: Richard L. (Dick) Walker, Jr., 1938-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pier, Jeffrey R.; Mason, Brian

    2005-12-01

    Koch Center for Science, Math, and Technology at Deerfield Academy in Massachusetts. He also consulted with James Turrell, providing astronomical position information for the design of the Roden Crater Project outside of Flagstaff. While he will be remembered for his significant scientific contributions to the field of astronomy, those who knew Dick, both scientists and non-scientists alike, will probably remember him best for his humility, his humanity, and his loyal and abiding friendship. He was a man with a terrific sense of humor and an infectious laugh. It was always an honor and pleasure to be in his company. Richard L. Walker, Jr. is survived by his wife, Patricia, two daughters from his first marriage: Brenda Walker of Las Vegas, NV, and Pamela Hepburn of Holland, OH, as well as four children from Patricia's first marriage: Doug Browning of Lake Havasu City, AZ, Michael Browning of Kingman, AZ, Kim Bructo of Orient, OH, and Jennifer Brown of Lake Havasu City, AZ. He is also survived by ten grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his father Richard, mother Mary, and daughter, Paula Jean Elizabeth Stone.

  17. Pure- and mixed-gas propylene/propane permeation properties of spiro- and triptycene-based microporous polyimides

    KAUST Repository

    Swaidan, Ramy Jawdat

    2015-06-03

    Solution-processable polyimides of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-PIs) comprising relatively inflexible and contorted backbones have demonstrated outstanding molecular-sieving behavior in membrane-based separation of gas/gas pairs. In this work, the effects of systematically increasing intra-chain rigidity on the propylene/propane separation properties were compared for PIM-PIs made from 2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-1,4-phenylene diamine (TMPD) and (i) spiro-centered dianhyride (SPDA-TMPD or PIM-PI-1) and (ii) 9,10-diisopropyltriptycene-based dianhydride (TPDA-TMPD or KAUST PI-1). Pure-gas experiments at 2 bar and 35 oC showed significant increases in C3H6 permeability and C3H6/C3H8 selectivity by transitioning from PIM-PI-1 (P(C3H6)=393 Barrer, α(C3H6/C3H8)=6) to KAUST-PI-1 (P(C3H6)=817 Barrer, α(C3H6/C3H8)=16), positioning KAUST-PI-1 considerably above the experimentally observed pure-gas C3H6/C3H8 polymer upper bound. However, 50:50 C3H6/C3H8 mixed-gas feeds induced significant losses in C3H6 permeability and C3H6/C3H8 selectivity relative to the 2 bar pure-gas data for PIM-PI-1 and KAUST-PI-1 as the C3H6/C3H8 selectivity dropped from 6 to 3 and 16 to 5, respectively, at 2 bar C3H6 partial pressure due to plasticization and competitive sorption.

  18. Anomalous regioselective four-member multicomponent Biginelli reaction II: one-pot parallel synthesis of spiro heterobicyclic aliphatic rings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byk, Gerardo; Kabha, Eihab

    2004-01-01

    In a previous preliminary study, we found that a cyclic five-member ring beta-keto ester (lactone) reacts with one molecule of urea and two of aldehyde to give a new family of spiro heterobicyclic aliphatic rings in good yields with no traces of the expected dihydropyrimidine (Biginelli) products. The reaction is driven by a regiospecific condensation of two molecules of aldehyde with urea and beta-keto-gamma-lactone to afford only products harboring substitutions exclusively in a syn configuration (Byk, G.; Gottlieb, H. E.; Herscovici, J.; Mirkin, F. J. Comb. Chem. 2000, 2, 732-735). In the present work ((a) Presented in part at ISCT Combitech, October 15, 2002, Israel, and Eurocombi-2, Copenhagen 2003 (oral and poster presentation). (b) Also in American Peptide Society Symposium, Boston, 2003 (poster presentation). (c) Abstract in Biopolymers 2003, 71 (3), 354-355), we report a large and exciting extension of this new reaction utilizing parallel organic synthesis arrays, as demonstrated by the use of chiral beta-keto-gamma-lactams, derived from natural amino acids, instead of tetronic acid (beta-keto-gamma-lactone) and the potential of the spirobicyclic products for generating "libraries from libraries". Interestingly, we note an unusual and important anisotropy effect induced by perpendicular interactions between rigid pi systems and different groups placed at the alpha position of the obtained spirobicyclic system. Stereo/regioselectivity of the aldehyde condensation is driven by the nature of the substitutions on the starting beta-keto-gamma-lactam. Aromatic aldehydes can be used as starting reagents with good yields; however, when aliphatic aldehydes are used, the desired products are obtained in poor yields, as observed in the classical Biginelli reaction. The possible reasons for these poor yields are addressed and clarify, to some extent, the complexity of the Biginelli multicomponent reaction mechanism and, in particular, the mechanism of the present

  19. Stereoselective Construction of Spiro-Fused Tricyclic Frameworks by Sequential Reaction of Enynes, Imines, and Diazoalkenes with Rh(I) and Rh(II) Catalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hato, Yoshio; Oonishi, Yoshihiro; Yamamoto, Yasunori; Nakajima, Kiyohiko; Sato, Yoshihiro

    2016-09-02

    Stereoselective construction of spiro-fused tricyclic compounds from enynes having a tethered imine with diazoalkenes was achieved by Rh(I)- and Rh(II)-catalyzed sequential reactions. This method consists of three reactions, i.e., Rh(I)-catalyzed cyclization of enynes with a tethered imine, Rh(II)-catalyzed cyclopropanation with diazoalkenes, and Cope rearrangement. Notably, the sequential reactions can be operated in one pot, in which Rh(I) and Rh(II) catalysts work in relay without any serious catalyst deactivation to afford the spirocycles in a stereoselective manner.

  20. Microwave-assisted reductive cyclization: An easy entry to the indoloquinolines and spiro[2H-indole-2,30-oxindole].

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Parvatkar, P.T.; Majik, M.S.

    ., vol.4; 2014; 22481-22486 Microwave-assisted reductive cyclization: An easy entry to the indoloquinolines and spiro[2H-indole-2,3’-oxindole] Prakash T. Parvatkar* and Mahesh S. Majik Bio-organic Chemistry Laboratory, CSIR-National Institute... of this cyclization step under MW assisted condition delivered similar results indicating the reproducibility of this methodology. In case of entry 4 (Table 1), low yields of the two products (19 and 15) and no formation of compound 20 may be due to the temperature...

  1. Synthesis of spiro[isoindole-1,5’-isoxazolidin]-3(2H-ones as potential inhibitors of the MDM2-p53 interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore V. Giofrè

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A series of spiro[isoindole-1,5-isoxazolidin]-3(2H-ones has been synthesized by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of N-benzylnitrone with isoindolin-3-methylene-1-ones. The regio- and stereoselectivity of the process have been rationalized by computational methods. The obtained compounds show cytotoxic properties and antiproliferative activity in the range of 9–22 μM. Biological tests suggest that the antitumor activity could be linked to the inhibition of the protein–protein p53-MDM2 interaction. Docking measurements support the biological data.

  2. A Yellow-Emitting Homoleptic Iridium(III) Complex Constructed from a Multifunctional Spiro Ligand for Highly Efficient Phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Bao-Yi; Guo, Run-Da; Zhong, Dao-Kun; Ou, Chang-Jin; Xiong, Gang; Zhao, Xiang-Hua; Sun, Ya-Guang; Jurow, Matthew; Kang, Jun; Zhao, Yi; Li, Sheng-Biao; You, Li-Xin; Wang, Lin-Wang; Liu, Yi; Huang, Wei

    2017-07-17

    To suppress concentration quenching and to improve charge-carrier injection/transport in the emission layer (EML) of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs), a facial homoleptic iridium(III) complex emitter with amorphous characteristics was designed and prepared in one step from a multifunctional spiro ligand containing spiro[fluorene-9,9'-xanthene] (SFX) unit. Single-crystal X-ray analysis of the resulting fac-Ir(SFXpy) 3 complex revealed an enlarged Ir···Ir distance and negligible intermolecular π-π interactions between the spiro ligands. The emitter exhibits yellow emission and almost equal energy levels compared to the commercial phosphor iridium(III) bis(4-phenylthieno[3,2-c]pyridinato-N,C 2 ')acetylacetonate (PO-01). Dry-processed devices using a common host, 4,4'-bis(N-carbazolyl)-1,1'-biphenyl, and the fac-Ir(SFXpy) 3 emitter at a doping concentration of 15 wt % exhibited a peak performance of 46.2 cd A -1 , 36.3 lm W -1 , and 12.1% for the current efficiency (CE), power efficiency (PE), and external quantum efficiency (EQE), respectively. Compared to control devices using PO-01 as the dopant, the fac-Ir(SFXpy) 3 -based devices remained superior in the doping range between 8 and 15 wt %. The current densities went up with increasing doping concentration at the same driving voltage, while the roll-offs remain relatively low even at high doping levels. The superior performance of the new emitter-based devices was ascribed to key roles of the spiro ligand for suppressing aggregation and assisting charge-carrier injection/transport. Benefiting from the amorphous stability of the emitter, the wet-processed device also exhibited respectful CE, PE, and EQE of 32.2 cd A -1 , 22.1 lm W -1 , and 11.3%, respectively, while the EQE roll-off was as low as 1.7% at the luminance of 1000 cd m -2 . The three-dimensional geometry and binary-conjugation features render SFX the ideal multifunctional module for suppressing concentration quenching

  3. A spiro-bifluorene based 3D electron acceptor with dicyanovinylene substitution for solution-processed non-fullerene organic solar cells

    KAUST Repository

    Xia, Debin

    2015-04-20

    A novel electron acceptor, namely 2,2′-(12H,12′H-10,10′-spirobi[indeno[2,1-b]fluorene]-12,12′-diylidene)dimalononitrile (4CN-spiro), exhibiting a three-dimensional molecular structure was synthesized and its thermal, photophysical, electrochemical, crystal, and photovoltaic properties were investigated. The novel acceptor exhibits excellent thermal stability with a decomposition temperature of 460 °C, an absorption extending to 600 nm, and a LUMO level of −3.63 eV. Solution processed bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells were fabricated using 4CN-spiro as an acceptor and polythieno[3,4-b]-thiophene-co-benzodithiophene (PTB7) as a donor polymer. The effect of the donor-to-acceptor ratio and processing conditions on the device performance was investigated. A device processed from tetrachloroethane with a donor to acceptor weight ratio of 1 : 1 yielded a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 0.80%.

  4. CERN Library | Sandrine Saison-Marsollier, Corinne Pralavorio and Michel Spiro present "Si tu devais me dessiner l’Univers…" | 10 December

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2015-01-01

    Sandrine Saison-Marsollier, Corinne Pralavorio and Michel Spiro present Si tu devais me dessiner l’Univers… Thursday, 10 December 2015 at 3.30 p.m. at the Library, Building 52-1-052 Tea and coffee will be served at 3 p.m. In 2014, CERN launched an art competition for local primary schools. Children were asked to come up with questions about the universe, matter and working as a researcher. The initiative was so successful that it has been turned into a book that teachers can explore with their pupils, discussing the questions and discovering the answers together. The book is laid out in double-page spreads, with the child’s illustration on one page and the question and its answer opposite. The answers take the form of a short text written by Michel Spiro, the competition’s scientific advisor, together with a cultural quotation whose purpose is to highlight the close association between science, literature and philosophy. The questions include: What was there...

  5. Trochanteric fractures. Classification and mechanical stability in McLaughlin, Ender and Richard osteosynthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrlin, K.; Stroemberg, T.; Lidgren, L.; Walloee, A.; Pettersson, H.

    Four hundred and thirty trochanteric factures operated upon with McLaughlin, Ender or Richard's osteosynthesis were divided into 6 different types based on their radiographic appearance before and immediately after reposition with special reference to the medial cortical support. A significant correlation was found between the fracture type and subsequent mechanical complications where types 1 and 2 gave less, and types 4 and 5 more complications. A comparison of the various osteosyntheses showed that Richard's had significantly fewer complications than either the Ender or McLaughlin types. For Richard's osteosynthesis alone no correlation to fracture type could be made because of the small number of complications in this group.

  6. Hybrid macrocycle formation and spiro annulation on cis-syn-cis-tricyclo[6.3.0.02,6]undeca-3,11-dione and its congeners via ring-closing metathesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sambasivarao Kotha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We have developed a simple methodology to transform cis-syn-cis-triquinane derivative 2 into the diindole based macrocycle 6 involving Fischer indolization and ring-closing metathesis (RCM. Various spiro-polyquinane derivatives have been assembled via RCM as a key step.

  7. Reaction of 1-substituted 3-aminoquinoline-2,4-diones with isothiocyanates. An easy pathway to generate novel 2-thioxo-1′H-spiro[imidazoline-5,3′-indole]-2,2′-diones

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klásek, A.; Mrkvička, V.; Lyčka, A.; Mikšík, Ivan; Růžička, A.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 65, č. 25 (2009), s. 4908-4916 ISSN 0040-4020 Grant - others:GA ČR(CZ) GA203/07/0320 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50110509 Keywords : enamides * thiourea derivatives * spiro-heterocycles Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.219, year: 2009

  8. 75 FR 3219 - Richard Moss; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... January 12, 2010. On January 31, 2008, Richard Moss, licensee for the Cinnamon Ranch Hydroelectric Project... regulations thereunder. The Cinnamon Ranch Hydroelectric Project is located on the Middle, Birch, and... operation of the Cinnamon Ranch Hydroelectric Project, until such time as the Commission acts on its...

  9. Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus / Michel Parouty

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parouty, Michel

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus (Najade). Orchestre de l'Opea l'Efat de Vienne" Arlecchino ARL 14-16, distribution Dante (3 CD: 390 F). 1935, 1944. TT: 3h 46'17"

  10. Ripples from a Passing Ship: Memories; and a Legacy of Richard Peters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    This paper outlines aspects and dimensions of my "relationship" with Richard Peters from 1966 onward. The underlying suggestion is that, while Peters' contribution to philosophy of education was undeniably of major proportions, both that contribution and his legacy are institutional rather than substantive. (Contains 15 notes.)

  11. Application of Richards\\'s growth model to Brown-headed Parrot ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Application of Richards\\'s growth model to Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus nestlings. ... Stuart Taylor, Michael R Perrin. Abstract. We generated a generalised growth curve for the Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus. The growth model correlated well with the data from captive-bred chicks and ...

  12. Transforming Faith: H. Richard Niebuhr and Paulo Freire on Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, Joshua Leonard

    2013-01-01

    Through a contextual comparison of the theological ethics of H. Richard Niebuhr and the educational theory of Paulo Freire, I argue that socialization, while an essential task of moral education, is an insufficient aim. The proper aim of moral education is individual development. The intention of my argument is address tendencies towards…

  13. Somaesthetic Training, Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Politics of Difference in Richard Shusterman's "Body Consciousness"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Kimberly

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the author first addresses the theme of disciplined somatic training and its relationship to self-awareness and transformation. Her attention is focused specifically on the chapter on Ludwig Wittgenstein, in which Richard Shusterman presents and then elaborates upon the philosopher's connections between conscious bodily feelings and…

  14. Richard Wright's Successful Failure: A New Look at "Uncle Tom's Children"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, James R.

    1973-01-01

    A reevaluation of novelist Richard Wright's first book, which is a collection of five short stories-- Big Boy Leaves Home,'' Down by the Riverside,'' Long Black Song,'' Fire and Cloud,'' and Bright and Morning Star''--and an introductory essay, The Ethics of Living Jim Crow.'' (JM)

  15. International Analog Criticism: The "Scandignation" Addresses of Willy Brandt and Richard Nixon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaly, Ingeborg

    The resignation speeches of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and United States President Richard Nixon are compared and the rhetorical efficacy of each figure is assessed in this paper. Analog criticism is employed to support the argument that in the particular subgenre of "scandignation" addresses, Brandt came much closer than Nixon…

  16. The Featuring of Will in History: A Rhetorical Exploration of Richard Nixon's Post-Presidential Writings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ronald

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the post-presidential writings of Richard Nixon. Finds an overarching concern for the "will," which permitted Nixon to transform the standards of higher moral principle into the politics of expediency. Views Nixon's writings as a symptom of the ailing health of public morality in liberal society. (SR)

  17. Leonid Breznev and Richard Nixon examine plaques presented by Skylab crew

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Leonid I. Breznev, General Secretary of the Communist Party, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and President Richard M. Nixon, during ceremonies at the Western White House in San Clemente, California, examine plaques presented by Skylab astronauts Charles Conrad Jr., center; Joseph P. Kerwin, second from right; and Paul J. Weitz, left.

  18. Resisting Biopolitics through “Diaphanous Wonder”: Richard Flanagan's Gould's Book of Fish

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiese, Doro|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304842699

    2014-01-01

    In Gould's Book of Fish (2003), author Richard Flanagan manages to invent a format in which content and style account for historical events on Sarah Island, Tasmania in the 1820s, yet he does so in a manner that is not in the least objective, disinterested or fact-orientated. The perspective of

  19. Racial Shame and the Pleasure of Transformation: Richard Rodriguez's Queer Aesthetics of Assimilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltran, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    This essay analyzes Latino conservative thought by rethinking the logics of assimilation through a simultaneous exploration of aesthetic possibility and negative affect. Focusing on the writings of Richard Rodriguez, the essay considers how creative forms of self-individuation and political agency cannot easily be decoupled from negative forms of…

  20. Süütuse kaotamine / Richard Branson ; intervjueerinud Peter Fisk ; tõlkinud Endrik Randoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Branson, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Turunduskirjanik Peter Fiski intervjuu Suurbritannia ärimagnaadi Sir Richard Bransoniga, milles arutletakse ettevõtja suurimate saavutuste ja suurimate pettuste üle, uuritakse Bransoni võimet juhtida oma 450 ettevõtet, tema suhtumist konkurentsi ning uutesse äriideedesse, samuti tema ajakasutust

  1. Fathers' Role as Attachment Figures: An Interview with Sir Richard Bowlby

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newland, Lisa A.; Coyl, Diana D.

    2010-01-01

    Sir Richard Bowlby, son of John Bowlby, has carried on his father's work by lecturing and writing on the topic of attachment theory. He has initiated and maintained international connections with researchers, practitioners and agencies in the field of child development, and has produced training videos to more widely disseminate information about…

  2. Post-Colonial Conflict in Africa: A Study of Richard Ali's City of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper is a critique Richard Ali.s City of Memories as it reveals the facets of post-conflict in Africa. This topic has had many divergent approaches in the local and international arena. Through Ali.s fictional characters, an insider.s view is presented. The city of Bolewa performs becomes a microcosm of the larger issues ...

  3. Fluid flow in porous media using image-based modelling to parametrize Richards' equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, L. J.; Daly, K. R.; Hallett, P. D.; Naveed, M.; Koebernick, N.; Bengough, A. G.; George, T. S.; Roose, T.

    2017-11-01

    The parameters in Richards' equation are usually calculated from experimentally measured values of the soil-water characteristic curve and saturated hydraulic conductivity. The complex pore structures that often occur in porous media complicate such parametrization due to hysteresis between wetting and drying and the effects of tortuosity. Rather than estimate the parameters in Richards' equation from these indirect measurements, image-based modelling is used to investigate the relationship between the pore structure and the parameters. A three-dimensional, X-ray computed tomography image stack of a soil sample with voxel resolution of 6 μm has been used to create a computational mesh. The Cahn-Hilliard-Stokes equations for two-fluid flow, in this case water and air, were applied to this mesh and solved using the finite-element method in COMSOL Multiphysics. The upscaled parameters in Richards' equation are then obtained via homogenization. The effect on the soil-water retention curve due to three different contact angles, 0°, 20° and 60°, was also investigated. The results show that the pore structure affects the properties of the flow on the large scale, and different contact angles can change the parameters for Richards' equation.

  4. Changes in area of grasslands on the dunes between Richards Bay ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Grasslands on the dunes between Richards Bay and the Mfolozi river have diminished rapidly during the last 34 years (1973: 2 829 ha, 32%; 1974: 399 ha, 4, 8% of study area). They have been replaced by Acacia karroo Woodland, Secondary Dune Scrub and plantations of Eucalyptus spp. and Pinus spp. The changes ...

  5. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Hawkins-Third Mind”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7148] Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  6. Technical realization of a closure concept for a chamber-system in the underground Richard repository in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kucerka, Miroslav

    2006-01-01

    The Phare project CZ 632.02.04 'Realization of closure of a chamber in the Richard repository as input for establishing a safety case' is a follow up implementation phase of the Phare project, CZ 01.14.03 'Solution for closure of a chamber in the Richard repository'. Main objective of both projects is to propose and realize a disposal system in selected chambers of the Richard repository, which will eliminate burden from the past practices in waste management during the first phase of the Richard repository operation (1965 - 1980) and which will improve its overall long term safety. This objective will be assured by realization of the concept of so called 'hydraulic cage', which technical solution was developed by DBE Technology within the Phare project CZ 01.14.03. The solution is described in the previous presentation 'Hydraulic Cage Concept for Waste Chambers and its Technical Implementation for the Underground Richard Repository, Litomerice, Czech Republic'. (author)

  7. Synthesis and crystal structure of a spiro amine: 3,9,12-triaza-6-azoniaspiro[5,8]tetradecane chloride trihydrochloride dihydrates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Springborg, Johan; Kofod, Pauli; Olsen, Carl Erik

    1995-01-01

    A spiro amine, 3,9,12-triaza-6-azoniaspiro[5.8]tetradecane chloride trihydrochloride dihydrate, was synthesized from 1-(toluenesulfonyl)-1,3,7-triazacyclononane and N,O,O'-tris(p-toluenesulfonyl)bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine. The structure of 3,9,12-triaza-6-azoniaspiro[5.8]tetradecane chloride trihyd....... consts. have been detd. potentiometrically, and the following values were obtained: pKa1 = 0.55(6), pKa2 = 5.23(3), pKa3 = 7.11(5) (1 M NaCl, 25 DegC). The 13C NMR spectrum is in agreement with a time-averaged C2v symmetry in soln....

  8. 3′,6′-Bis(diethylamino-3H-spiro[2-benzothiophene-1,9′-xanthene]-3-thione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing-Yuan Su

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C28H30N2OS2, was obtained by thionation of 3′,6′-bis(diethylamino-3H-spiro[isobenzofuran-1,9′-xanthene]-3-one with 2,4-bis(p-methoxyphenyl-1,3-dithiadiphosphetane disulfide (Lawesson's reagent. The planes of the two benzene rings of the xanthene system are inclined at a dihedral angle of 17.4 (1°, and the plane of the dithiophthalide group and the planes through the two benzene rings of the xanthene system make dihedral angles of 80.2 (1 and 82.8 (1°, respectively.

  9. Phlebitis, pulmonary emboli and presidential politics: Richard M. Nixon's complicated deep vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascarella, Luigi; Pappas, Theodore N

    2013-02-01

    In September of 1974, Richard Nixon resigned the Presidency of the United States during an impeachment investigation concerning the Watergate Affair. One month after his resignation, the former President had an exacerbation of his chronic deep vein thrombosis. He also received a Presidential pardon from Gerald Ford on the same day that his recurrent deep vein thrombosis was diagnosed. The political, legal, and medical events that unfolded in the fall of 1974 are the substance of this report. Presidents often receive medical care that stretches the ordinary as a result of their position and the importance of their actions. The events surrounding Richard Nixon's care for deep vein thrombosis and its complications were not unusual for Presidential health care but were closely intertwined with the legal proceedings during the prosecution of the Watergate defendants.

  10. President Richard Nixon visits MSC to award Apollo 13 Mission Operations team

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-01-01

    President Richard M. Nixon introduces Sigurd A. Sjoberg (far right), Director of Flight Operations at Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC), and the four Apollo 13 Flight Directors during the Presidnet's post-mission visit to MSC. The Flight Directors are (l.-r.) Glynn S. Lunney, Eugene A. Kranz, Gerald D. Griffin and Milton L. Windler. Dr. Thomas O. Paine, NASA Administrator, is seated at left. President Nixon was on the site to present the Presidential Medal of Freedom -- the nation's highest civilian honor -- to the Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team (35600); A wide-angle, overall view of the large crowd that was on hand to see President Richard M. Nixon present the Presidnetial Medal of Freedom to the Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team. A temporary speaker's platform was erected beside bldg 1 for the occasion (35601).

  11. Die Musik Richard Wagners im Banat und in Rumänien. Eine Rezeptionsgeschichte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz Metz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Richard Wagner – an ihm schieden sich die Geister schon während seines Lebens. Dies geschah nicht nur in seinen deutschen Wirkungsorten, sondern auch im Südosten Europas. Schon früh fanden seine Werke auch im Banat und in Bukarest eine weite Verbreitung und das musikliebende Publikum mischte sich damals bereits in Pro- oder Kontra-Wagner-Diskussionen ein. In einem multikulturellen Raum wie das Banat, mit jahrhundertalten multiethnischen Erfahrungen und Traditionen, stieß der Wagnerkultus zuerst auf Ablehnung, später, ab 1930, wurden seine antisemitischen Anschauungen von den faschistischen Kreisen Rumäniens demagogisch missbraucht – ähnlich wie im restlichen Europa. Doch diese besondere Seite der Richard-Wagner-Rezeption hat auch eine faszinierende Auswirkung auf das allgemeine Musikleben in Rumänien und im Banat hinterlassen.

  12. Il concetto di medium artistico: Richard Wollheim interprete di Ludwig Wittgenstein

    OpenAIRE

    Maistrello, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the dissertation is twofold: (i) analyzing the notion (well known by aestheticians, but not so intensively studied) of artistic medium; (ii) showing the relevance of such notion for aesthetics through the examination of some relevant aspects of Richard Wollheim’s philosophy of art, maybe the main figure in Anglo-American philosophy as for considering artistic medium central in art-theorizing. Artistic media, according to Wollheim, can develop only if properly connected to a cultura...

  13. Theorizing in social science: The context of discovery by Richard Swedberg

    OpenAIRE

    Havas, Ádám Kornél; Eren, Seden Safak; Nagy, Szidónia Katalin; Roy, Gargi; Utzeri, Mounia; Ali, Wazir

    2017-01-01

    Richard Swedberg, well known for his work in economic sociology and one of the doyens of the rising movement in analytical sociology, offers the reader a pessimistic view of the current state-of-the-art about sociological theorizing. Indeed, compared to empirical methods or other sciences such as cognitive science, sociological theory has advanced little over the last decades. The prognosis is simple: students and researchers are taught theories but cannot theorize. If this is ...

  14. Pimping climate change: Richard Branson, global warming, and the performance of green capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Scott Prudham

    2009-01-01

    On 21 September 2006 UK über-entrepreneur and Virgin Group Chairman Richard Branson pledged approximately £1.6 billion, the equivalent of all the profits from Virgin Atlantic and Virgin Trains for the next ten years, to fighting climate change. Since then, Branson has restated his commitment to action on global warming, including investment in technologies for sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. In this paper, I critically examine and engage with Branson’s announcements as a spec...

  15. Selfish memes: An update of Richard Dawkins’ bibliometric analysis of key papers in sociobiology

    OpenAIRE

    Aaen-Stockdale, Craig

    2017-01-01

    This is an Open Access journal available from http://www.mdpi.com/ In the second edition of The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins included a short bibliometric analysis of key papers instrumental to the sociobiological revolution, the intention of which was to support his proposal that ideas spread within a population in an epidemiological manner. In his analysis, Dawkins primarily discussed the influence of an article by British evolutionary biologist William Donald Hamilton which had introdu...

  16. Metaforos populiarojo mokslo literatūroje: Richard Dawkins knygos analizė

    OpenAIRE

    Urbanavičiūtė, Dovilė

    2017-01-01

    The following paper discusses metaphor usage in the genre of popular science. The object of this analysis is a chapter called ‘Immortal coils’ taken from Richard Dawkins’ book The Selfish Gene. The study discusses the impact of creative conceptual metaphors on the construction of the overall meaning of the text, as well as the significance of their linguistic manifestations and context. In focusing on the genre of popular science, it also makes an attempt at defining potential difficulties of...

  17. Richard Watson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Ian; Bevin, William

    2017-11-25

    An inspirational equine veterinary surgeon with a keen interest in racing, to whom horses were a way of life. He took much pride in the success of his homebred racehorses. British Veterinary Association.

  18. Richard Rorty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjermitslev, Hans Henrik

    2016-01-01

    dekonstruktion forlod han Princeton og blev han i 1982 udnævnt til professor i humaniora ved University of Virginia. Her skrev han i 1989 sit andet hovedværk Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity, der med originale læsninger af Heidegger, Derrida, Orwell, Nabokov, Freud og andre blev modtaget med stor interesse...

  19. Peniciadametizine A, a Dithiodiketopiperazine with a Unique Spiro[furan-2,7'-pyrazino[1,2-b][1,2]oxazine] Skeleton, and a Related Analogue, Peniciadametizine B, from the Marine Sponge-Derived Fungus Penicillium adametzioides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Mándi, Attila; Li, Xiao-Ming; Meng, Ling-Hong; Kurtán, Tibor; Wang, Bin-Gui

    2015-06-05

    Peniciadametizine A (1); a new dithiodiketopiperazine derivative possessing a unique spiro[furan-2,7'-pyrazino[1,2-b][1,2]oxazine] skeleton, together with a highly oxygenated new analogue, peniciadametizine B (2); as well as two known compounds, brasiliamide A (3); and viridicatumtoxin (4), were isolated and identified from Penicillium adametzioides AS-53, a fungus obtained from an unidentified marine sponge. The unambiguous assignment of the relative and absolute configuration for the spiro center C-2 of compound 1 was solved by the combination of NMR and ECD measurements with Density-Functional Theory (DFT) conformational analysis and Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory-Electronic Circular Dichroism (TDDFT-ECD) calculations. The spiro[furan-2,7'-pyrazino[1,2-b][1,2]oxazine] skeleton of 1 has not been reported yet among natural products and the biosynthetic pathway for 1 and 2 was discussed. Compounds 1 and 2 showed inhibitory activity against the pathogenic fungus Alternaria brassicae.

  20. Uma encruzilhada estético-musical: “Música do futuro” de Richard Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Mesquita

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio “Música do futuro” de Richard Wagner foi escrito em um momento crítico na vida do compositor. Ele procurava se afastar de conceitos divulgados por ele em textos anteriores e percebia claramente a distância entre seus ideais teóricos da década de 1840 sobre a obra de arte total (Gesamtkunstwerk e sua prática composicional da década de 1850. O texto aqui apresentado investiga as contradições entre reflexão e prática wagnerianas durante o período mencionado.

  1. An experimental ‘Life’ for an experimental life : Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705)

    OpenAIRE

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-01-01

    Richard Waller's ‘Life of Dr Robert Hooke’, prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting thi...

  2. Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): an interview with Richard Legro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legro, Richard

    2015-03-27

    In this podcast, we talk to Professor Richard Legro about the recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) based on clinical practice guidelines and discuss the challenges of diagnosis PCOS at specific age groups. The controversies associated with treatment of PCOS, including therapies for infertility as this is a problem commonly observed in PCOS subjects, are highlighted together with future directions on the topic. The podcast for this interview is available at. http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/supplementary/s12916-015-0299-2-s1.mp3.

  3. Anecdotes to the life and times of Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892) in Lancaster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessels, Q; Taylor, A M

    2017-11-01

    Sir Richard Owen, a Lancastrian, was a prominent biologist, comparative anatomist, geologist, palaeontologist and known for coining the term dinosaur. His expertise in anatomical dissection proved to be one of his biggest assets and aided his career progression at the Royal College of Surgeons and the Zoological Society. Owen's apprenticeship in Lancaster helped him to gain expertise in anatomy and anatomical dissection. The authors aim to provide some novel contextual background to his childhood in Lancaster, his affection for his hometown and his contribution to Lancaster's sanitary reform. The latter aspect of his scientific accomplishments is typically overlooked.

  4. Popular science - common ground. A literary critique of Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsen, Helene

    2012-01-01

    This thesis aims to perform a literary reading of Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene from a perspective situated outside of the 'battle of the two cultures'. Chapter 1 takes Foucault's article What is an author?" as its point of departure. After discussing how Dawkins may be seen as a reader of Darwin, I will go on to discuss Foucault's concept of the author-function, before I move on to consider some different readings of and approaches to The Selfish Gene. With reference to a polemic bet...

  5. The Projection of Racism in Richard Wright’sBlack Boy

    OpenAIRE

    SADEQ, Darbaz Azeez

    2016-01-01

    purpose of this study is to demonstrate violence in the novel Black Boy by Richard Wright through examining ways of violence against black community during the times when the Jim Crow Laws were implemented. According to the Constitution of the United States of America, everyone is born with equal rights. However, the term ‘equality’ was non-existent or irrelevant in the states of Southern America. In the southern states, the Jim Crow Laws were unanimously being amended and forced upon the inh...

  6. Antonín Dvořák and Richard Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabrijelova Jarmila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay deals with the relation of prominent Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841–1904 to the personality and work of Richard Wagner (1813–1883. As opposed to the common opinions linking Dvořák’s name with Wagner‘s ideological opponents and placing his ‘Wagnerian’ period in the early phase of his career only, our examination shows that Dvořák’s interest in Wagner and his music was of deep and lasting nature and was significant for him throughout the whole of his life.

  7. Diagnosis and authority in the early-twentieth-century medical practice of Richard C. Cabot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crenner, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines diagnostic practices using the early twentieth-century medical literature and the patient correspondence and records from the clinic of Richard Cabot. What shaped medicine's rapidly growing persuasive authority in the twentieth century? Diagnostic expertise demonstrated the doctor's control over disease but offered a service of ambiguous value to patients. Cabot and his peers offered differing views on how new diagnostic techniques would influence their relationships to their patients. In his busy private clinic Cabot put into effect an exacting diagnostic process, modeled on his innovative Clinicopathological Conferences. The people who came to the clinic often sought his technical expertise but accepted his diagnostic practices and opinions sometimes only provisionally.

  8. Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel N-aryl-3,4-dihydro-1'H-spiro[chromene-2,4'-piperidine]-1'-carboxamides as TRPM8 antagonists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhari, Sachin S; Kadam, Ashok B; Khairatkar-Joshi, Neelima; Mukhopadhyay, Indranil; Karnik, Pallavi V; Raghuram, Anupindi; Rao, Shobha S; Vaiyapuri, Thamil Selvan; Wale, Dinesh P; Bhosale, Vikram M; Gudi, Girish S; Sangana, Ramchandra R; Thomas, Abraham

    2013-11-01

    A novel series of N-aryl-3,4-dihydro-1'H-spiro[chromene-2,4'-piperidine]-1'-carboxamides was identified as transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) channel blockers through analogue-based rational design, synthesis and screening. Details of the synthesis, effect of aryl groups and their substituents on in-vitro potency were studied. The effects of selected functional groups on the 4-position of the chromene ring were also studied, which showed interesting results. The 4-hydroxy derivatives showed excellent potency and selectivity. Optical resolution and screening of alcohols revealed that (R)-(-)-isomers were in general more potent than the corresponding (S)-(+)-isomers. The isomer (R)-(-)-10e (IC50: 8.9nM) showed a good pharmacokinetic profile upon oral dosing at 10mg/kg in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The compound (R)-(-)-10e also showed excellent efficacy in relevant rodent models of neuropathic pain. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Richard Lindau y el museo de arte japonés de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bru Turull, Ricard

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard Lindau resided as a diplomat in Japan between 1866 and 1868, where he acquired in Edo (Tokyo an extensive and exceptional collection of Japanese art. After being named German consul in Barcelona (1876, Lindau offered his collection to the public by opening his residence in the centre of the city as a Japanese Museum. This paper aims to recover the history of this forgotten collection, which constituted one of the first private museums of Japanese art in Southern Europe.

    Richard Lindau residió como diplomático en Japón entre 1866 y 1868, durante los años de transición entre el shogunato Tokugawa y el nuevo sistema imperial Meiji. Lindau estuvo en el archipiélago nipón en el momento oportuno para adquirir una excepcional colección de arte japonés. Trasladado a Barcelona en 1876 como cónsul de Alemania, Lindau ofreció la colección al público abriendo su residencia y anunciándola como Museo Japonés. Este artículo recupera la historia de la colección olvidada de uno de los primeros museos privados de arte japonés del sur de Europa.

  10. The 1D Richards' equation in two layered soils: a Filippov approach to treat discontinuities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berardi, Marco; Difonzo, Fabio; Vurro, Michele; Lopez, Luciano

    2018-05-01

    The infiltration process into the soil is generally modeled by the Richards' partial differential equation (PDE). In this paper a new approach for modeling the infiltration process through the interface of two different soils is proposed, where the interface is seen as a discontinuity surface defined by suitable state variables. Thus, the original 1D Richards' PDE, enriched by a particular choice of the boundary conditions, is first approximated by means of a time semidiscretization, that is by means of the transversal method of lines (TMOL). In such a way a sequence of discontinuous initial value problems, described by a sequence of second order differential systems in the space variable, is derived. Then, Filippov theory on discontinuous dynamical systems may be applied in order to study the relevant dynamics of the problem. The numerical integration of the semidiscretized differential system will be performed by using a one-step method, which employs an event driven procedure to locate the discontinuity surface and to adequately change the vector field.

  11. Wooing-Scenes in “Richard III”: A Parody of Courtliness?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Stępkowska

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In the famous opening soliloquy of Shakespeare’s Richard III, Richard mightily voices his repugnance to “fair well-spoken days” and their “idle pleasures”. He realizes his physical deformity and believes that it sets him apart from others. He openly admits that he is “not shaped for sportive tricks, nor made to court an amorous looking-glass”. Yet, his monstrosity constitutes more perhaps of his aggressive masculine exceptionality rather than of his deformity. Richard’s bullying masculinity manifests itself in his contempt for women. In the wooing scenes we clearly see his pugnacious pursuit of power over effeminate contentment by reducing women to mere objects. Additionally, those scenes are interesting from a psychological viewpoint as they brim over with conflicting emotions. Therefore, the paper explores two wooing encounters of the play, which belong the best examples of effective persuasion and also something we may refer to as ‘the power of eloquence’.

  12. Version para el português del texto "One enters through one door and leaves then through another" de annette spiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Otondo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available No ano de 2002 a arquiteta suíça Annette Spiro lança, pela Editora Niggli, um livro primoroso sobre a obra de Paulo Mendes, com 37 projetos publicados, fotos novas criadas pela autora e um ensaio crítico de sua autoria sobre o conjunto de projetos publicados, além de uma entrevista com o arquiteto e um simpático prefácio escrito pelo arquiteto Luigi Snozzi. O texto de Annette surpreende pela maneira inédita pela qual analisa as obras do arquiteto, por sua compreensão da cultura brasileira, o que acaba por ampliar o alcance dessa abordagem. O caminho escolhido para efetuar sua análise é a partir dos componentes constitutivos da obra arquitetônica: terreno, cobertura, balanços, pilotis, e constrói um raciocínio sobre a articulação desses elementos no espaço. E assim - apoiada, sobretudo, nos textos do autor inglês Colin Rowe - analisa os projetos sob a ótica da tradição clássica e sua ordenação espacial. Contudo, a autora não se restringe aos aspectos formais ou materiais dos edifícios: concreto aparente, rigor estrutural, apreço pela técnica, características que levariam a uma associação imediata, e talvez superficial, com estilos tais como brutalista, minimalista ou abstracionista. E, sim, explora a relação entre componentes fundamentais de cada projeto: planos horizontais e verticais, a relação com o terreno, a oposição entre cheios e vazios e a luz como elemento constitutivo do espaço.

  13. Crystal structure of 3,4′-diphenyl-3′-p-tolyl-4′H-spiro[indan-2,5′-[1,2]oxazol]-1-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmae Mahfoud

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, C30H23NO2, the five-membered rings are both in envelope conformations with the same spiro C atom as the flap. The benzene ring and the two phenyl rings are inclined to the mean plane of the indene ring system by 83.98 (8, 81.46 (8 and 72.31 (7°. In the crystal, molecules are linked by pairs of C—H...O hydrogen bonds into inversion dimers. The dimers are further connected by C—H...N interactions, forming layers parallel to (10-1.

  14. 5′-Methylsulfanyl-4′-oxo-7′-phenyl-3′,4′-dihydro-1′H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,2′-quinazoline]-8′-carbonitrile dimethylformamide monosolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuan Liu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, C21H21N3OS·C3H7NO, the carbonitrile molecule is built up of two fused six-membered rings and one six-membered ring linked through a spiro C atom. The 1,3-diaza ring adopts an envelope conformation and the cyclohexane ring adopts a chair conformation. The dihedral angle between the aromatic rings is 46.7 (3°. In the crystal, the components are linked by N—H...O hydrogen bonds.

  15. A facile one-pot ultrasound assisted for an efficient synthesis of 1H-spiro[furo[3,4-b]pyridine-4,3'-indoline]-3-carbonitriles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghahremanzadeh, Ramin; Rashid, Zahra; Zarnani, Amir-Hassan; Naeimi, Hossein

    2014-07-01

    A convenient one-pot protocol was developed for the synthesis of 1H-spiro[furo[3,4-b]pyridine-4,3'-indoline]-3-carbonitrile derivatives. This reaction was carried out through a three component condensation reaction of isatins, malononitrile, and anilinolactones in the presence of a catalytic amount of Et3N as an inexpensive and available basic catalyst in THF under ultrasound irradiation. The products were obtained in high yields and short reaction times. The main advantage of this synthetic method is that the obtained products in ultrasonic irradiations are different from classical heating. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Digital scenography and the mimetic aporia of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason R. D’Aoust

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the visual friction between the concealment of technology and the need to stage mimetic scenes in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen. The article relies on the critical reception of the Wagnerian Gesamtkunstwerk in musicology, as well as in media, performance, and theatre studies. Drawing on productions and commentaries critical of the iconic Gesamtkunstwerk's attempted retrieval of a lost natural state, the article examines correlations between phantasmagoria, special effects, movement detection technology, and the interactive devices of multimedia and digital scenography. These correlations are framed within a theoretical methodology of historical discourse and media archaeologies. Three specific productions of the Ring are discussed, namely the inaugural and centenary productions at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as well as Robert Lepage's production for the Metropolitan Opera of New York in 2010–2012.

  17. ‘I keepe my watche, and warde’: Richard Robinson’s Rewarde of Wickednesse (1574

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Buffey

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In response to the recent call to re-evaluate what C.S. Lewis called the ‘Drab Age’, the article reassesses one sixteenth-century poem, The Rewarde of Wickednesse (1574, and its author, Richard Robinson. The poem is framed in such a way that the topos of service is central to an understanding of Robinson’s authorial identity, an identity determined by his proclaimed status within the household of the sixth Earl of Shrewsbury. The poet claims to be one ‘of a hundreth’ serving the family during the captivity of Mary, Queen of Scots. The article locates the Rewarde of Wickednesse within the relevant geographical, literary and socio-political contexts and reveals aspects of Robinson’s artistry that have remained hitherto unexplored.

  18. Richard Arwed Pfeifer - a pioneer of 'medical pedagogy' and an opponent of Paul Schroder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Holger; Carius, Dirk; Himmerich, Hubertus

    2013-12-01

    Richard Arwed Pfeifer (1877-1957) was one of the initiators and foster fathers of the renowned child-psychiatric and special needs education workgroup at Leipzig University under Paul Schröder (1873-1941) in the 1920s and 1930s. This paper is an account of their dispute concerning the interrelations between child and adolescent psychiatry and special needs education, as well as their disagreement about whether adolescent psychopaths should be admitted to specialized child psychiatric wards or elsewhere. Moreover, Pfeifer questioned the practical relevance of the separation of constitutional and environmentally-based psychopathy and fought eugenic research, which he found incompatible with the ethics of his profession as a remedial teacher and child psychiatrist.

  19. Analytical and grid-free solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards traffic flow model

    KAUST Repository

    Mazaré, Pierre Emmanuel

    2011-12-01

    In this article, we propose a computational method for solving the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards (LWR) partial differential equation (PDE) semi-analytically for arbitrary piecewise-constant initial and boundary conditions, and for arbitrary concave fundamental diagrams. With these assumptions, we show that the solution to the LWR PDE at any location and time can be computed exactly and semi-analytically for a very low computational cost using the cumulative number of vehicles formulation of the problem. We implement the proposed computational method on a representative traffic flow scenario to illustrate the exactness of the analytical solution. We also show that the proposed scheme can handle more complex scenarios including traffic lights or moving bottlenecks. The computational cost of the method is very favorable, and is compared with existing algorithms. A toolbox implementation available for public download is briefly described, and posted at http://traffic.berkeley.edu/project/downloads/lwrsolver. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

  20. Femineidad y ficción en la obra operística de Richard Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Sánchez Usón

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tras la muerte de Wagner y Brahms, Richard Straussemergió como uno de los compositores más importantesy populares de la música del siglo XX. Su trayectoria vitaly profesional, azarosa y turbulenta, al igual que las décadasque vivió, estuvo marcada por la realidad femenina.Es innegable que las mujeres de la vida de Strauss, todasde fuerte y distintiva personalidad, dejaron en él huellastan hondas que fue necesario llevarlas a escena, no sólocomo una aportación valiosa a la tipología caracterológicafemenina, sino también como un ejercicio terapéuticopersonal. Así, mujeres reales y mujeres ficticias se confundenen sus obras en un proceso creativo único: el delhombre-artista.

  1. FEMINEIDAD Y FICCIÓN EN LA OBRA OPERÍSTICA DE RICHARD STRAUSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Sánchez Usón

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available After the death of Wagner and Brahms, Richard Strauss emerged as one of the most important and popular in the history of music of the 20th. century composers. His eventful and turbulent life and professional career, as well as the decades that he lived, were marked by the female reality. It is undeniable that the women in the life of Strauss, were strong and had distinctive personalities, they left marks on him so deep that he felt necessary to take them to the scene, not only as a valuable contribution to the female character type, but also as a personal therapeutic exercise. Thus, real and fictional women are confused in their works in a unique creative process: of the man-artist

  2. Marie-Christine Agosto. Richard Brautigan. Les fleurs de néant.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Bernard Basse

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Richard Brautigan, si on lui reconnaît un certain humour, est souvent associé avec condescendance au phénomène hippy et considéré comme un auteur démodé, superficiel. Celui qui écrivait dans Cahier d’un Retour de Troie : « Les mots sont des fleurs de néant » est pourtant l’un de ces écrivains que l’on pourrait qualifier de mineurs essentiels, et seuls ceux qui l’ont peu ou mal lu s’étonneront de ce que Marie-Christine Agosto ait choisi de donner comme sous-titre « Les fleurs de néant » au pet...

  3. Harmonic analysis, partial differential equations and applications in honor of Richard L. Wheeden

    CERN Document Server

    Franchi, Bruno; Lu, Guozhen; Perez, Carlos; Sawyer, Eric

    2017-01-01

    This is a collection of contributed papers by many eminent Harmonic Analysts and specialists of Partial Differential equations. The papers focus on weighted norm equalities for singular integrals, focusing wave equations, degenerate elliptic equations, Navier-Stokes flow in two dimensions and Poincare-Sobolev inequalities in the setting of metric spaces equipped with measures among others. Many topics considered in this volume stem from the interests of Richard L. Wheeden whose contributions to Potential Theory, singular integral theory and degenerate elliptic PDE theory this volume honors. Luis Caffarelli, Sagun Chanillo, Bruno Franchi, Cristian Guttierez, Xiaojun Huang, Carlos Kenig, Ermanno Lanconelli, Eric Sawyer and Alexander Volberg, are some of the many contributors to this volume. .

  4. Profiles in drug metabolism and toxicology: Richard Tecwyn Williams (1909-1979).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Alan Wayne

    2015-01-01

    This article pays homage to the life and work of a veritable pioneer in toxicology and drug metabolism, namely a Welshman, Richard Tecwyn Williams, FRS. Professor Williams, or RT as he was known, made major contributions to knowledge about the metabolism and toxicology of drugs and xenobiotics during a scientific career spanning nearly 50 years. Author or coauthor of close to 400 research articles and reviews, including a classic book, entitled Detoxication Mechanisms, Williams and his research school investigated virtually all aspects of drug metabolism, especially conjugations. In particular, the concepts of phase 1 and phase II metabolic pathways were introduced by Williams; the biliary excretion of drugs was extensively studied as were species differences in drug metabolism and detoxication. Besides investigating the metabolism of many pharmaceutical drugs, such as sulfonamides and thalidomide, Williams and his group investigated the disposition and fate in the body of organic pesticides and recreational drugs of abuse, such as amphetamine, methamphetamine and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).

  5. Richard Wrangham. Catching fire. How cooking made us Human. Basic Books (Perseus Books Group

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    Claude-Marcel Hladik

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available L’histoire de l’émergence de l’homme est remise en cause par cet ouvrage puisque jusqu’à présent la plupart des anthropologues et des paléontologues s’accordaient pour faire remonter à environ 500.000 ans les premières utilisations du feu pour la cuisson des aliments par le genre Homo. Les arguments présentés par Richard Wrangham dans son dernier ouvrage nous font remonter aux deux derniers millions d’années. Wrangham et ses collègues avaient publié, dès 1999, les résultats de fouilles au cou...

  6. Destruction of the Phoenix/Hibiscus and Barringtonia racemosa Communities at Richards Bay, Natal, South Africa

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    P. J. Weisser

    1982-10-01

    Full Text Available The destruction of the Phoenix!Hibiscus and Barringtonia racemosa Communities described by Venter in 1972 on the southern shores of Richards Bay is reported. The cause was the artificial openingof a new mouth about 5,5 km south of the original mouth, which increased tidal range and salinity. These swamp communities occupied a narrow band about 6 ha in area behind the Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Community. An estimated 95 % of the communities was affected and only on the landward border were some isolated remnants of species such as Acrostichum aureum, Hibiscus tiliaceus and Phoenix reclinata detected .Young stands of  Phragmites australis, seedlings of  Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Avicennia marina and epipelic algae are recoIonizing the affected area.

  7. The embalmed heart of Richard the Lionheart (1199 A.D.): a biological and anthropological analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlier, Philippe; Poupon, Joël; Jeannel, Gaël-François; Favier, Dominique; Popescu, Speranta-Maria; Weil, Raphaël; Moulherat, Christophe; Huynh-Charlier, Isabelle; Dorion-Peyronnet, Caroline; Lazar, Ana-Maria; Hervé, Christian; de la Grandmaison, Geoffroy Lorin

    2013-01-01

    During the Middle Ages, the partition of the cadaver of the elite members was a current practice, with highly technical treatment given to symbolic organs such as the heart. Considered mostly from a theoretical point of view, this notion of dilaceratio corporis has never been biologically explored. To assess the exact kind of embalming reserved to the heart, we performed a full biomedical analysis of the mummified heart of the English King Richard I (1199 A.D.). Here we show among other aspects, that the organ has been embalmed using substances inspired by Biblical texts and practical necessities of desiccation. We found that the heart was deposed in linen, associated with myrtle, daisy, mint, frankincense, creosote, mercury and, possibly, lime. Furthermore, the goal of using such preservation materials was to allow long-term conservation of the tissues, and good-smelling similar to the one of the Christ (comparable to the odor of sanctity). PMID:23448897

  8. Book review: Unholy trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO Richard Peet

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    M Breitenbach

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this timely book Richard Peet and his team lay the foundation with an excellent analysis of the process of globalisation and the resultant emergence of the global economy. The authors are especially critical of the increasing influence of institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF, World Bank and World Trade Organisation (WTO on the economy and the consequences experienced by peoples, cultures and the environment. The single ideology of neo-liberalism is blamed for the undesirable outcomes. This book considers concepts of power, political interest, hegemony, discourse, responsibility and the power of practicality, in critically examining the IMF, World Bank and WTO. The conclusion is reached that “all three institutions play roles greatly different from those originally agreed to under the charters that set them up”.

  9. Dr. Richard J. Whelan: Seeing the Field of Emotional and Behavior Disorders through the Lens of a Pioneer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaff, Marilyn S.; Teagarden, Jim; Zabel, Robert H.

    2011-01-01

    Dr. Richard J. Whelan is a distinguished professor emeritus at the University of Kansas. His earliest professional experiences were at the Children's Hospital (Southard School) of the Menninger Clinic, where he served as a recreational therapist, teacher, and director of education. During his career at the University of Kansas and the KU Medical…

  10. THE ENGINEER AS PROMOTER: RICHARD B. OSBORNE, THE CAMDEN AND ATLANTIC RAILROAD, AND THE CREATION OF ATLANTIC CITY

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas R, Winpenny

    2004-01-01

    Richard Boyse Osborne had a sterling reputation as an Engineer who had built railroads both in Ireland and the United States. In the 1850s this visionary became the dynamic force behind the effort to link Philadelphia and Camden to the New Jersey beaches and the ocean. His railroad became a modest success, and Atlantic City a big Success. Land values were anothe rmatter.

  11. A soil moisture accounting-procedure with a Richards' equation-based soil texture-dependent parameterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Given a time series of potential evapotranspiration and rainfall data, there are at least two approaches for estimating vertical percolation rates. One approach involves solving Richards' equation (RE) with a plant uptake model. An alternative approach involves applying a simple soil moisture accoun...

  12. Richards Bay Mesometeorological Data – Vertical profiles of air temperature and wind velocity and surface wind statistics.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Scholtz, MT

    1978-03-01

    Full Text Available This report details the experimental methods and data obtained in the course of a study of the movement of stable air over a complex region. The field work was carried out in the Richards Bay area on the Natal Coast during the period May to August...

  13. Efficacy Quotient Tindakan ESWL Piezolith Richard Wolf 3000 pada Penderita Batu Ureter di RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo, 2008–2011

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    Vinny Verdini

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL saat ini telah menjadi metode yang paling umum dalam tatalaksana aktif batu ureter. Sejak Maret 2008, RSCM telah menggunakan mesin ESWL piezolith 3000 richard wolf dan belum diketahui nilai efficacy quotient (EQ. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan nilai EQ dari tindakan ESWL menggunakan mesin piezolith richard wolf 3000 pada batu ureter dan hubungan angka bebas batu dengan lokasi batu, jumlah batu, beban batu, opasitas batu, obstruksi, dan fungsi ginjal. Studi cross sectional ini dilakukan pada bulan Januari 2008-Desember 2011 dan data dianalisis dengan statistik multivariat. Terdapat 113 (95 % dari 119 pasien yang dinyatakan bebas batu setelah tindakan ESWL pertama. Didapatkan nilai EQ 0,89. Hanya ukuran batu yang mempengaruhi angka bebas batu dalam penelitian ini (p<0,05. Disimpulkan bahwa prosedur ESWL menggunakan mesin richard wolf piezolith 3000 memiliki nilai EQ dan angka bebas batu yang lebih baik daripada mesin-mesin sebelumnya dan mesin lain yang sejenis. Faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan adalah ukuran batu ureter yang ditatalaksana.Kata Kunci: batu ureter, ESWL, efficacy quotient, angka bebas batu. Efficacy Quotient of ESWL Piezolith Richard Wolf 3000 Machine in Patientswith Ureteral Stones in Dr. Cipto MangunkusumoNational Hospital 2008 - 2011AbstractExtracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL is the most common method of ureteral stone management. Since 2008, RSCM has ben using ESWL piezolith 3000 richard wolf and efficacy quotient (EQ value have not yet studied. The study aims was to determine the efficacy quotient (EQ of ESWL using piezolith richard wolf 3000 machine for ureteral stone by analyzing free-stone rate with location of stones, number of stones, stone burden, stone opacity, obstruction and kidney function. This cross sectional study was carried out in January 2008-December 2011, with multivariate analytical study. Ninety five percent (n=113 of 119 patients were

  14. Plant Viability as a Function of Temperature Stress (The Richards Function Applied to Data from Freezing Tests of Growing Shoots).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Fircks, H. A.; Verwijst, T.

    1993-09-01

    Frost resistance of growing Salix viminalis L. shoots was determined by rating mortality percentage under two commonly used freezing conditions: a condition in which plants were encased in crushed ice and another in which plants were moistened with tap water prior to freezing. The mortality-temperature data were fitted with a logistic function (having a fixed inflection point halfway between the asymptotes) and with a Richards function, which is a double asymptotic sigmoid function with a variable inflection point. Different frost resistance curves were obtained, depending on the freezing conditions used. However, conditions were inadequate for efficient ice nucleation under either condition. This implies that the applied freezing conditions are not suitable when the purpose is to induce and duplicate early ice crystal formation conditions. The Richards derivatives were negatively skewed in the one case and positively skewed in the other case, giving inflection points, as a function of the upper asymptote, situated at 0.37 when shoots were frosted in the presence of ice and at 0.81 when shoots were frozen in the presence of added moisture. These values differed significantly from 0.50, through which the logistic function would have forced the curves. Because of the significant asymmetry in these frost-resistance curves, the Richards function led to a more accurate reflection of the temperature-mortality course of growing Salix stems than the logistic function. The Richards function possesses the flexibility needed to describe plant injury response in terms of physical and plant physiological mechanisms. Therefore, the Richards function is recommended rather than the logistic function for the assessment of frost resistance.

  15. PREFACE: Celebrating 20 years of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter—in honour of Richard Palmer Celebrating 20 years of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter—in honour of Richard Palmer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, David; Dowben, Peter; Inglesfield, John

    2009-11-01

    This year marks the 20th anniversary of the launch of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter in 1989. The journal was formed from the merger of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics and Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics which had separated in 1971. In the 20 years since its launch, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has more than doubled in size, while raising standards. Indeed, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has become one of the leading scientific journals for our field. This could not have occurred without great leadership at the top. No one has been more responsible for this growth in both size and quality than our Senior Publisher, Richard Palmer. Richard first started work at IOP in March 1971 as an Editorial Assistant with J. Phys. B After a few months, he transferred to J. Phys.C The following year, the Assistant Editor of J. Phys. C, Malcolm Haines, left suddenly in order to work on his family vineyard in France, and Richard stepped into the breach. In those days, external editors had a much more hands-on role in IOP Publishing and he had to travel to Harwell to be interviewed by Alan Lidiard, the Honorary Editor of J. Phys. C, before being given the job of Assistant Editor permanently. Since J. Phys. C and J. Phys. F re-merged to form Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Richard gradually shed his other journal responsibilities, except for Reports on Progress in Physics, to build up Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. He has worked closely with four Editors-in-Chief of J. Phys. C and five of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. When Richard announced his retirement this past winter, we met it with a great deal of both happiness and sadness. Of course, we are happy that he is going to be allowed to enjoy his retirement, but we remain very sad to lose such a valuable member of our team, especially the one who had provided the heart and soul of the journal over its 20 years. We will be able to rely upon the team which Richard ably trained as

  16. Richards growth model and viability indicators for populations subject to interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selene Loibel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we study the problem of modeling identification of a population employing a discrete dynamic model based on the Richards growth model. The population is subjected to interventions due to consumption, such as hunting or farming animals. The model identification allows us to estimate the probability or the average time for a population number to reach a certain level. The parameter inference for these models are obtained with the use of the likelihood profile technique as developed in this paper. The identification method here developed can be applied to evaluate the productivity of animal husbandry or to evaluate the risk of extinction of autochthon populations. It is applied to data of the Brazilian beef cattle herd population, and the the population number to reach a certain goal level is investigated.Neste trabalho estudamos o problema de identificação do modelo de uma população utilizando um modelo dinâmico discreto baseado no modelo de crescimento de Richards. A população é submetida a intervenções devido ao consumo, como no caso de caça ou na criação de animais. A identificação do modelo permite-nos estimar a probabilidade ou o tempo médio de ocorrência para que se atinja um certo número populacional. A inferência paramétrica dos modelos é obtida através da técnica de perfil de máxima verossimilhança como desenvolvida neste trabalho. O método de identificação desenvolvido pode ser aplicado para avaliar a produtividade de criação animal ou o risco de extinção de uma população autóctone. Ele foi aplicado aos dados da população global de gado de corte bovino brasileiro, e é utilizado na investigação de a população atingir um certo número desejado de cabeças.

  17. Richard Rorty:From Anti-metaphysical Neo-Pragmatism to Rejection of Philosophy

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    M. Akrami

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Richard Rorty is a neo-Pragmatist philosopher. For three decades, he has attacked the traditional philosophy (from Plato to Kant as well as any other epistemology searching for truth or claiming to mirror the nature in his philosophical works. Rorty holds that, according to the history of philosophy in his reading, there is no final answer to the traditional questions concerning knowledge, truth, and representation. These questions, therefore, should be dissolved and denied. He maintains that knowledge is justified belief, justification, however, being not the consequence of some correspondence between the theory or the statement, but the consequence of conversation, social practice, group consensus, and social solidarity. Rorty also thinks that democracy has priority on philosophy, disagreeing with the thesis that philosophy is the foundation of the rest of culture.Despite of usefulness of some elements and implications of Rorty’s metaphilosophy (such as his emphasis on freedom, democracy, and pluralism as well as his insisting on philosophical humility and avoiding scientific pride, it is faced with several problems, including 1 ignoring the referential and realist features of language, 2 confusing interpretation and reality, 3 eliminating the border between objectivity and subjectivity, 4 interfering of public and private life, and 5 ignoring the need of science, culture, technology and, in particular, politics, in philosophy. The authors try to show and analyze some elements of these problems.

  18. The Scientific Publications of Richard H. Dalitz, FRS (1925-2006)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aitchison, Ian J.R.; Close, Frank E.; Gal, Avraham; Millener, D.John

    2006-03-29

    Professor Richard H. Dalitz passed away on January 13, 2006. He was almost 81 years old and his outstanding contributions are intimately connected to some of the major breakthroughs of the 20th century in particle and nuclear physics. These outstanding contributions go beyond the Dalitz Plot, Dalitz Pair and CDD poles that bear his name. He pioneered the theoretical study of strange baryon resonances, of baryon spectroscopy in the quark model, and of hypernuclei, to all of which he made lasting contributions. His formulation of the ''{theta} - {tau} puzzle'' led to the discovery that parity is not a symmetry of the weak interactions. A brief scientific evaluation of Dalitz's major contributions to particle and nuclear physics is hereby presented, followed by the first comprehensive list of his scientific publications, as assembled from several sources. The list is divided into two categories: the first, main part comprises Dalitz's research papers and reviews, including topics in the history of particle physics, biographies and reminescences; the second part lists book reviews, public lectures and obituaries authored by Dalitz, and books edited by him. This provides the first necessary step towards a more systematic research of the Dalitz heritage in modern physics.

  19. Modeling and numerical simulation of the Richards equation for infiltration problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Cristian Naula Reina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important natural resources we have is the soil and it is of great interest to the society to take care of them and not to pollute it. In the study of this issue, we are going to consider one of the most common forms of soil contamination due to an infiltration process. It is therefore that it is essential to address study and clearly understand this process by developing a mathematician model, which will be a representation of this physicist phenomenon. Then design and implement a computer program that simulates the infiltration of liquid pollutants in a given area. In this paper we will develop a mathematical model for two-dimensional infiltration in the saturated zone of porous media, based on the equation in nonlinear partial differential Richards Also, It will present a numerical solution through finite element method and first order This paper shows the computational implementation using a simulator that presents graphically the process of pollution afflicting the ground, exposed to certain pollutants, such as the oil spill in regions of eastern Ecuador, wastewater near industrial complexes, among others, over a certain period of time. Finally, this paper will allow for remedial studies in the case are already contaminated soils or preventive areas established as hazardous.

  20. Perbandingan antara Etika Jürgen Habermas dan Richard Rorty sebagai Prinsip Dasar Bertindak Manusia

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    Dominique Rio Adiwijaya

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Ethics without doubt is an issue in every scientific field. Questions on ethics are not merely questions on the responsibility of one or two specific individuals, but rather as what have been defined accurately by Immanuel Kant in Critique of Practical Reason – as question of all humanity as a thinking creature and the freedom of choice on, “what should I do”. From Kant’s definition, we may infer that if human can not think and not free in determining their choice, it would be almost impossible to hope for moral responsibility. However this article does not mean to give a full and historical description on ethics, but a sketch on discourse of contemporary ethics which is represented by two famous philosophers, Jürgen Habermas from the tradition of  Critical Theory from Frankfurt School, dan Richard Rorty with “Neo-Pragmatism”. Habermas proposes “discourse ethics” while Rorty proposes ethic concepts through his “liberal-ironists”. It is hoped that the assembly of readers may gain an insight of the unavoidable ethics problems since every ethical position must be theory laden and the theory itself has historical characteristics (the characteristics, origin and historical context of the schools behind it. Therefore ethics is a neverending reflection although it has been started from 2500 years ago. Ethics invites us from specific sciences to enter its general discourse which unavoidably all-encompassing in its nature. 

  1. Staging Unincorporated Power: Richard Harding Davis and the Critique of Imperial News

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    Nirmal Trivedi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay contextualizes the work of war correspondent Richard Harding Davis within an evolving “imperial news apparatus” that would culminate in his reporting of the Spanish-American War. Critics have conventionally framed Davis squarely within the imperial cause, associating him with his admirer Roosevelt and naval admiral Alfred T. Mahan. Contrary to readings of Davis as an apologist for US imperialism, Trivedi contends that Davis understood how US imperial power relied on an information apparatus to communicate to an increasingly media-conscious American public through culture, that is, via familiar narratives, symbols, and objects—what Trivedi calls “imperial news.” The essay follows Davis’s development from his fictional representation of the new war correspondent in “The Reporter Who Made Himself King” to his own war correspondence before and after the Spanish-American War as collected in the memoirs A Year from a Reporter’s Notebook (1897, Cuba in War Time (1897, and Notes of a War Correspondent (1912. Davis’s war correspondence and fictional work effectively stage US imperialism as “unincorporated power”: that is, as power reliant on a developing news-making apparatus that deploys particular discursive strategies to validate its political claims. This staging critiques strategies of US imperial sovereignty—specifically its “privatization of knowledge” and its promotion of the war correspondent as nothing more than a spectator and purveyor of massacres.

  2. The poetics of movement & translation – the case of Richard Zimler’s Strawberry Fields Forever

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    Alexandra Lopes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on a novel with a convoluted publishing history:Richard Zimler’s Strawberry Fields Forever. As a narrative about migrants, its publishing trajectory constitutes in itself a migration story. In 2011,Zimler planned to have a book coming out – Strawberry Fields Forever. In 2012, the book was paginated and ready to go to press. However, Arcadia Books went bankrupt, and the book remained unpublished. In 2011, José Lima translated the novel into European Portuguese. In a translator’s note,Lima discusses his translation as a form of ‘consented betrayal’. Using the resources of Portuguese, the translated text creates a surplus of meaning(s dependent on the target language and experience. Although hardly new, the surplus results, in this case, from a phenomenon of “overtranslatability”.This publishing history has been further compounded by the fact that the translated text was exported to Brazil, after being “translated” into Brazilian Portuguese. I would like to address the different forms of migration that this translation brings to the fore: (1 migration as story; (2 migration as form;(3 translation as transit; (4 text migration as a challenge to traditional concepts – as the “original” has never been published, the translations are the only extant texts.

  3. Alternative Ways of Challenging and Resisting in Richard Rodriguez’s Darling: A Spiritual Autobiography

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    Ibarrola-Armendariz Aitor

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available There are several reasons why essayist Richard Rodriguez could be classified as a ‘minority’ writer; namely, his Mexican-American roots, his Catholic faith, and his self- declared homosexuality. However, readers who expect his writings to display the kind of attitudes and features that are common in works by other ‘minority’ authors are bound to be disappointed. The meditations that Rodriguez offers are far from clearly dividing the world between oppressors and oppressed or dominant and subaltern. As he sees it, ethnic, religious, class or sexual categories and divisions present further complications than those immediately apparent to the eye. Does this mean that Rodriguez fails to resist and challenge the dynamics he observes between different social groups? Or that his observations are complaisant rather than subversive? Not necessarily, since his essays are always a tribute to the possibilities of disagreement and defiance. My analysis of his latest collection of essays, Darling: A Spiritual Autobiography (2013, maps out and dissects the writing strategies that Rodriguez employs to generate dialogical forms of inquiry and resistance regarding such up-to-date topics as religious clashes (and commonalities, Gay rights (in relation to other Human Rights or how public spaces are being re-imagined in this global, digital era.

  4. Arctic observers: Richard King, monogenism and the historicisation of Inuit through travel narratives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sera-Shriar, Efram

    2015-06-01

    In 1848 the ethnologist, surgeon and Arctic explorer Richard King (1810-1876) published a three-part series on Inuit in the Journal of the Ethnological Society of London. This series provided a detailed history of Inuit from the eleventh century to the early nineteenth century. It incorporated a mixture of King's personal observations from his experience travelling to the Arctic as a member of George Back's expedition (1833-1835), and the testimonies of other contemporary and historical actors who had written on the subject. The aim was to historicise Inuit through the use of travel reports and show persistent features among the race. King was a monogenist and his sensitive recasting of Inuit was influenced by his participation in a research community actively engaged in humanitarian and abolitionist causes. The physician and ethnologist Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866) argued that King's research on Inuit was one of the best ethnological approaches to emulate and that it set the standard for the nascent discipline. If we are to take seriously Hodgkin's claim, we should look at how King constructed his depiction of Inuit. There is much to be gained by investigating the practices of nineteenth-century ethnologists because it strengthens our knowledge of the discipline's past and shows how modern understandings of races were formed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. First record of the Asian diaptomid Neodiaptomus schmackeri (Poppe & Richard, 1892 (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Alfonso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Albania, as well as a great part of the Balkan area in general, still suffers a lack of environmental studies especially in limnological research. The Dumre plateau, in Central Albania, is characterized by an extraordinary high number of karst lakes in a small geographic area. Despite their environmental peculiarity, very few biological data are to date available for these lakes, none on the zooplankton. For this reason, 15 water bodies located in the central area of the plateau were selected for a preliminary limnological survey carried out in the years 2008-2011. Neodiaptomus schmackeri (Poppe & Richard, 1892, a diaptomid calanoid copepod characterized by a South-Eastern Palearctic - Oriental distribution, and the most widely spread Neodiaptomus species in Asia, was found in 8 lakes of the Dumre area. This finding represents the first record of the species, and of the entire genus Neodiaptomus, for Europe. Several environmental variables were measured to characterize the lakes, and the co-occurring planktonic crustaceans were also identified. Taxonomical drawings and descriptions of the main morphological features of both sexes are herein provided in order to compare the Albanian populations of N. schmackeri with those of the native distribution area of the species. The possible causes which determined the occurrence of this non-indigenous species in several Dumre lakes are discussed.

  6. Some exact solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards-Payne traffic flow equations: II. Moderate congestion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infeld, E.; Rowlands, G.; Skorupski, A. A.

    2014-10-01

    We find a further class of exact solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham- Richards-Payne (LWRP) traffic flow equations. As before, using two consecutive Lagrangian transformations, a linearization is achieved. Next, depending on the initial density, we either obtain exact formulae for the dependence of the car density and velocity on x,t, or else, failing that, the same result in a parametric representation. The calculation always involves two possible factorizations of a consistency condition. Both must be considered. In physical terms, the lineup usually separates into two offshoots at different velocities. Each velocity soon becomes uniform. This outcome in many ways resembles not only that of Rowlands et al (2013 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 46 365202 (part I)) but also the two-soliton solution to the Korteweg-de Vries equation. This paper can be read independently of part I. This explains unavoidable repetitions. Possible uses of both papers in checking numerical codes are indicated. Since LWRP, numerous more elaborate models, including multiple lanes, traffic jams, tollgates, etc, abound in the literature. However, we present an exact solution. These are few and far between, other than found by inverse scattering. The literature for various models, including ours, is given. The methods used here and in part I may be useful in solving other problems, such as shallow water flow.

  7. LA VERDAD, CONSTRUCTO HUMANO EN LA CONTINGENCIA DEL LENGUAJE: UN PLANTEAMIENTO DESDE RICHARD RORTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Marcela Pinto P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La filosofía del lenguaje surge como la posibilitadora de la búsqueda de la verdad, función que ha acompañado siempre a la filosofía desde su aparición en Grecia. Con el lenguaje como protagonista, recordamos que la verdad ha estado ligada a aquel gracias a la herencia occidental de nuestro pensamiento. En este contexto, Richard Rorty nos plantea que la verdad tan solo está en las proposiciones, fruto de lenguajes elaborados por los hombres. Esta visión se opone a conceptos filosóficos como el esencialismo y el representacionalismo, y a creencias como la labor sacerdotal del filósofo, entre otras cosas. Pero la consecuencia más dura del pensamiento de nuestro autor es la consideración de la filosofía como un género literario más, en el cual la metaforicidad ha estado presente en sus discursos a pesar de su pretensión de objetividad y de erigirse como la develadora de la verdad.

  8. NASA Administrator Paine and U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon Await Apollo 11 Splashdown

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    Dr. Thomas Paine, NASA administrator (left) and U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon wait aboard the recovery ship, the U.S.S. Hornet, for splashdown of the Apollo 11 in the Pacific Ocean. Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man crew. The crew was taken to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. Armstrong was the first human to ever stand on the lunar surface, followed by Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  9. Quarantined Apollo 11 Astronauts Addressed by U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet recovery ship, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). In this photograph, the U.S.S. Hornet crew looks on as the quarantined Apollo 11 crew is addressed by U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon via microphone and intercom. The president was aboard the recovery vessel awaiting return of the astronauts. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  10. U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon Watches Apollo 11 Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon, aboard the U.S.S. Hornet aircraft carrier, used binoculars to watch the Apollo 11 Lunar Mission recovery. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF) for 21 days post mission. The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. Armstrong was the first human to ever stand on the lunar surface, followed by Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  11. Richard Posner summarizes: Legal realism as the response to the challenges of today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avramović Dragutin S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Richard Posner, law professor at the University of Chicago and an American federal judge, one of the founders of economic analysis of law is among the greatest living representatives of contemporary American jurisprudence. This paper begins with the analysis of the influences of Posner's life on his theoretical orientation. Further on, the author shines a light on Posner's pragmatic, anti-formalistic approach and tendency to use economic analysis to explain judicial behavior. For that purpose, Posner uses ideas developed by American legal realism. Nevertheless, Posner distances himself from classical American legal realism, striving to create compromise between formalism and realism. Therefore, Posner takes centrist position, the position of 'balanced' realism. Though Posner tries to follow the middle way between extremes, in the light of contemporary challenges, most of all technological, he perceives the future in the realistic approach. The author claims that the Posner's pragmatic spirit, formed in his family and developed by his education and profession (his experience, had prevailing influence on his choice of legal realism in his late years. Particularly today, when life is much 'faster' than law, the judges are those who have to adapt the law to life (not only in common law countries. Therefore it seems that really 'the path forward is the path of realism'.

  12. Thinking in Pictures: John Wheeler, Richard Feynman and the Diagrammatic Approach to Problem Solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, Paul

    While classical mechanics readily lends itself to sketches, many fields of modern physics, particularly quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and general relativity, are notoriously hard to envision. Nevertheless, John Wheeler and Richard Feynman, who obtained his PhD under Wheeler, each insisted that diagrams were the most effective way to tackle modern physics questions as well. Beginning with Wheeler and Feynman's work together at Princeton, I'll show how the two influenced each other and encouraged each other's diagrammatic methods. I'll explore the influence on Feynman of not just Wheeler, but also of his first wife Arline, an aspiring artist. I'll describe how Feynman diagrams, introduced in the late 1940s, while first seen as `heretical' in the face of Bohr's complementarity, became standard, essential methods. I'll detail Wheeler's encouragement of his colleague Martin Kruskal's use of special diagrams to elucidate the properties of black holes. Finally, I'll show how each physicist supported art later in life: Wheeler helping to arrange the Putnam Collection of 20th century sculpture at Princeton and Feynman, in a kind of `second career,' becoming an artist himself.

  13. Health Effects Due to Radionuclides Content of Solid Minerals within Port of Richards Bay, South Africa

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    Felix B. Masok

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study assessed the radiological health hazards to various body organs of workers working within Transnet Precinct in Richards Bay in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa due to radionuclide content of mineral ores often stored within the facility. Thirty samples were collected from five mineral ores (rock phosphate, rutile, zircon, coal and hematite and analyzed for 238U, 234U, 226Ra, 210Pb, 235U, 232Th, 228Ra, 228Th and 40K using delayed neutron activation analysis and low energy gamma spectroscopy. Rutile was found to be the most radioactive mineral ore within the facility with 210Pb concentration of 759.00 ± 106.00 Bq·kg−1. Effective annual dose rate in (mSv·y−1 delivered to different organs of the body: testes, bone marrow, whole body, lungs and ovaries from mineral ores were such that dose from mineral ores decreased in the order coal > rutile > rock phosphate > hematite > zircon. The organs with the highest received dose rate were the testes and this received dose was from coal. However, all of the calculated absorbed dose rates to organs of the body were below the maximum permissible safety limits.

  14. Meeting to honor F. Richard Stephenson on his 70th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Green, David; Strom, Richard

    2015-01-01

    This book contains papers from a conference held to celebrate the 70th birthday of one of the world’s foremost astronomical historians, Professor F. Richard Stephenson, the latest recipient of the American Astronomical Society’s highest award for research in astronomical history, the LeRoy Doggett Prize. Reflecting Professor Stephenson’s extensive research portfolio, this book brings together under one cover papers on four different areas of scholarship: applied historical astronomy (which Stephenson founded); Islamic astronomy; Oriental astronomy; and amateur astronomy.  These papers are penned by astronomers from Canada, China, England, France, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Portugal, Thailand and the USA. Its diverse coverage represents a wide cross-section of the history of astronomy community.  Under discussion are ways in which recent research using historical data has provided new insights into auroral and solar activity, supernovae and changes in the rotation rate of the E...

  15. Poets/Trump/Philosophers: Reflections on Richard Rorty’s Liberalism, Ten Years after His Death

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    Giorgio Baruchello

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Starting with a prescient 1998 quote on the impending decline of US liberal democracy into right-wing, strong-man-based demagogy, this paper outlines Richard Rorty’s political philosophy, which I believe can help us understand perplexing political trends in today’s political reality well beyond the US alone. Specifically, I tackle three key-terms encapsulating the thrust of Rorty’s political philosophy, i.e. “liberalism of fear”, “bourgeois” and “postmodernism”. Also, I address a contraposition that explains how Rorty would approach and attempt to defend liberal democracy from contemporary right-wing, strong-man-based degenerations, namely the priority of “poetry” over “philosophy”. Essentially, if one wishes to win in the political arena, she must be armed with the most effective rhetorical weaponry, however good, solid and well-argued her political views may be. Finally, some remarks are offered on the role that “philosophy” can still play within the same arena.

  16. Against the Nihilism of Suffering and Death: Richard E. K. Kim and His Works

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    Jooyeon Rhee

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the life and works of Richard E. K. Kim (1932–2009, a first-generation Korean diasporic writer in the United States. It focuses on how Kim struggled to overcome the nihilism of suffering and death that derived from colonialism and the Korean War through his literary works. Kim witnessed firsthand these two major historical events, which caused irrevocable psychological and physical damage to many people of his generation. In his autobiographical fiction, he conveys painful memories of the events by reviving the voices of people in that era. What his works offer us goes beyond vivid memories of the past, however; they also present the power of forgiveness as a condition to overcome the nihilism of suffering and death. Remembrance and forgiveness are, therefore, two major thematic pillars of his works that enable us to connect to these difficult and traumatic times. These themes are portrayed in such a gripping way mainly because Kim tried to maintain a certain distance—an emotional and linguistic distance—from the familiar, in order to elucidate the reality of the human condition: an ontological position of the exile from which he produced his works. This article argues that Kim’s works provide us the possibility to transcend the nihilism of historical trauma through articulating the meaning of remembrance and forgiveness from his self-assumed position of exile.

  17. Unreliability and the Animal Narrator in Richard Adams’s The Plague Dogs

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    Anja Höing

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard Adams’s talking animal story The Plague Dogs (1978, with its deeply genre-atypical mode of narration, offers a multiplicity of avenues to explore the literary animal as animal. The story draws much of its power from the psychological complexity and related unreliability of both canine narrators, two research lab escapees gone feral. Both the terrier Snitter and the black mongrel Rowf are mentally ill and experience a highly subjective, part-fantastic world. In episodes of zero focalization, a sarcastic voice comments on the plot from the off, aggressively attacking a thoroughly anthropocentric superstructure the protagonists themselves are oblivious of, and presenting all that is normally constructed as “rational” in the implied reader’s world as a carnivalesque farce. Combining these equally unreliable narratives, The Plague Dogs creates a unique mixture of what Phelan (2007 calls “estranging” and “bonding” unreliability and brings to light the devastating consequences of anthropocentrism. The Plague Dogs not only defamiliarizes a genre usually committed to conventional means of storytelling, but the dominant Western conception of the status of animals in the world, showing that once we start to read the animal as animal, this sets into motion an avalanche of other concepts in need of re-reading, among them the very ones making up the fundamental pillars of Western societies’ anthropocentric self-conception.

  18. “This World Is Not My Home”: Richard Mouw and Christian Nationalism

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    Aaron Pattillo-Lunt

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available American evangelicalism has often been punctuated by dual commitments to the United States and to God. Those commitments were strongest within politically conservative evangelicalism. Though representing a solid majority among professing evangelicals, conservatives could not speak for the movement as a whole. Politically progressive evangelicals, beginning in the 1960s, formed a dissenting opinion of the post-World War II revival of Christian nationalism. They dared to challenge American action abroad, noticeably during the Vietnam War. Their critique of Christian nationalism and conservative evangelicals’ close ties to the Republican Party led them to seek refuge in either progressive policies or the Democratic Party. A third, underexplored subgroup of evangelicalism rooted in reformed theology becomes important to consider in this regard. These reformed evangelicals sought to contextualize nationalism in biblical rather than partisan or political terms. This goal is championed well by Richard Mouw, resulting in a nuanced look at evangelical Christians’ difficult dual role as both citizens of the Kingdom of God and the United States.

  19. Who invented the dichotomous key? Richard Waller's watercolors of the herbs of Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffing, Lawrence R

    2011-12-01

    On 27 March 1689, Richard Waller, Fellow and Secretary of the Royal Society presented his "Tables of the English Herbs reduced to such an order, as to find the name of them by their external figures and shapes" to his assembled colleagues at a meeting of the Royal Society. These tables were developed for the novice by being color images, composed in pencil and watercolor, of selected plants and their distinguishing characteristics. The botanical watercolors for the tables are now a Turning-the-Pages document online on the website of the Royal Society. However, for the past 320 years, the scientific context for the creation of these outstanding botanical watercolors has remained obscure. These tables were developed by Waller as an image-based dichotomous key, pre-dating by almost 100 years the text-based dichotomous keys in the first edition of Flora Française (1778) by Jean Baptiste Lamarck, who is generally given priority for the development of the dichotomous key. How these large folio images were arranged to illustrate a dichotomous key is unknown, but an arrangement based on Waller's description is illustrated here as leaf-ordering for the separate hierarchical clusters (tables). Although only 24 species of watercolored dicot herbs out of a total of 65 in the set of watercolors (the others being monocots) are used in these tables, they are a "proof of concept", serving as models upon which a method is based, that of using a key composed of dichotomous choices for aiding identification.

  20. On the continuum-scale simulation of gravity-driven fingers with hysteretic Richards equation: Trucation error induced numerical artifacts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ELIASSI,MEHDI; GLASS JR.,ROBERT J.

    2000-03-08

    The authors consider the ability of the numerical solution of Richards equation to model gravity-driven fingers. Although gravity-driven fingers can be easily simulated using a partial downwind averaging method, they find the fingers are purely artificial, generated by the combined effects of truncation error induced oscillations and capillary hysteresis. Since Richards equation can only yield a monotonic solution for standard constitutive relations and constant flux boundary conditions, it is not the valid governing equation to model gravity-driven fingers, and therefore is also suspect for unsaturated flow in initially dry, highly nonlinear, and hysteretic media where these fingers occur. However, analysis of truncation error at the wetting front for the partial downwind method suggests the required mathematical behavior of a more comprehensive and physically based modeling approach for this region of parameter space.

  1. X-ray cross-sections and crossroads (The International Radiation Physics Society) - Richard Pratt's contributions to both

    CERN Document Server

    Hubbell, J H

    2000-01-01

    Some examples of the impact of the theoretical contributions by Richard Pratt and his collaborators on photon cross section compilations at NBS/NIST and elsewhere over the past several decades are presented. Both the theoretical and measurement works which combine to provide this data base, and the contact with the varied user groups in medical applications, nuclear engineering, crystallography and X-ray astronomy, have formed a global crossroads of researchers now embodied in the International Radiation Physics Society (IRPS). Since the founding of the IRPS at the 3 rd International Symposium on Radiation Physics (ISRP-3) in Ferrara, Italy, in 1985, the Secretariat for this 'global radiation physics family' (the IRPS) has resided at the University of Pittsburgh under the direction of Richard Pratt. A brief account of the origins and history of the IRPS, beginning with ISRP-1 in Calcutta in 1974, is presented.

  2. X-ray cross-sections and crossroads (The International Radiation Physics Society) - Richard Pratt's contributions to both

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbell, J. H.

    2000-08-01

    Some examples of the impact of the theoretical contributions by Richard Pratt and his collaborators on photon cross section compilations at NBS/NIST and elsewhere over the past several decades are presented. Both the theoretical and measurement works which combine to provide this data base, and the contact with the varied user groups in medical applications, nuclear engineering, crystallography and X-ray astronomy, have formed a global crossroads of researchers now embodied in the International Radiation Physics Society (IRPS). Since the founding of the IRPS at the 3rd International Symposium on Radiation Physics (ISRP-3) in Ferrara, Italy, in 1985, the Secretariat for this ``global radiation physics family'' (the IRPS) has resided at the University of Pittsburgh under the direction of Richard Pratt. A brief account of the origins and history of the IRPS, beginning with ISRP-1 in Calcutta in 1974, is presented.

  3. A Few Remarks on the Poetics of Turbulence in Richard Powers’ Operation Wandering Soul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Yves Pellegrin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans le roman de Richard Powers Operation Wandering Soul, la linéarité conventionnelle du récit cède le pas à une forme de discontinuité et de circularité qui évoque le mouvement imprévisible d’une turbulence. On propose de montrer ici que cette turbulence met en œuvre une nouvelle manière d’écrire et de lire les récits. Dans le roman, la turbulence apparaît toujours sous l’aspect d’une force désorganisatrice qu’il faut maîtriser, un bruit qui doit être supprimé. Cet impératif, témoin des aspirations du récit au sens et à la clôture, peut se concevoir comme l’indice de la manière dont l’ordre narratif s’efforce de soumettre toute turbulence en dissimulant son chaos sous une linéarité de façade et des dénouements postiches. Cette activité transforme le récit (et le type de lecture qu’elle induit en une sorte d’eschatologie dont Operation Wandering Soul dénonce le mensonge et la fuite en avant. Pour en combattre les effets néfastes, le roman s’emploie à perturber l’ordre narratif et à bousculer nos habitudes de lecture ; il se fait texte turbulent en conformant sa structure la plus intime à celle des systèmes non linéaires.In Richard Powers’ Operation Wandering Soul, the conventional linearity of narrative gives way to a type of discontinuity and circularity that is reminiscent of the unpredictable movement of turbulent flows. This paper suggests that such turbulence enacts a new way of writing and reading narrative. Turbulence is always described in the novel as a disruptive force that must be checked or a noise that must be silenced. This imperative, which testifies to narrative’s desire for closure and meaning, may be construed as an index of the way narrative order attempts to subdue all turbulence by covering up its proliferating chaos with perfunctory linearity and cosmetic endings. Such activity turns narrative—and the type of reading it encourages—into some kind of

  4. Staging Unincorporated Power: Richard Harding Davis and the Critique of Imperial News

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    Nirmal Trivedi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay contextualizes the work of war correspondent Richard Harding Davis within an evolving “imperial news apparatus” that would culminate in his reporting of the Spanish-American War. Critics have conventionally framed Davis squarely within the imperial cause, associating him with his admirer Roosevelt and naval admiral Alfred T. Mahan. Contrary to readings of Davis as an apologist for US imperialism, Trivedi contends that Davis understood how US imperial power relied on an information apparatus to communicate to an increasingly media-conscious American public through culture, that is, via familiar narratives, symbols, and objects—what Trivedi calls “imperial news.” The essay follows Davis’s development from his fictional representation of the new war correspondent in “The Reporter Who Made Himself King” to his own war correspondence before and after the Spanish-American War as collected in the memoirs A Year from a Reporter’s Notebook (1897, Cuba in War Time (1897, and Notes of a War Correspondent (1912. Davis’s war correspondence and fictional work effectively stage US imperialism as “unincorporated power”: that is, as power reliant on a developing news-making apparatus that deploys particular discursive strategies to validate its political claims. This staging critiques strategies of US imperial sovereignty—specifically its “privatization of knowledge” and its promotion of the war correspondent as nothing more than a spectator and purveyor of massacres.

  5. The Effect of Richard Wagner's Music and Beliefs on Hitler's Ideology

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    Carolyn S. Ticker

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Holocaust will always be remembered as one of the most horrific and evil events in all of history. One question that has been so pervasive in regards to this historical event is the question of why. Why exactly did Hitler massacre the Jewish people? Why did he come to the conclusion that the Jews were somehow lesser than him, and that it was okay to kill them? What and who were his influences and how did they help form Hitler’s opinions leading up to the Holocaust? Although more than one situation or person influenced Hitler, I believe that one man in particular really helped contribute to Hitler’s ideas, especially about the Jewish people. This man is the famous musician Richard Wagner. While musicologists admit that Wagner was a musical genius, one aspect of his career that is hard to ignore is his strong antisemitism. In addition to speaking about his hatred for the Jews, he also wrote about it in his music, making it hard to glance over. Hitler had been close to the Wagner family, and had an obsessive, cult-like infatuation with Wagner’s music beginning in his childhood. This infatuation with Wagner’s music and his closeness to his later family helped facilitate and solidify his negative views about the Jewish people. In this paper I will explore the antisemitism that is within Wagner’s music and writing, and then I will discuss how Wagner’s antisemitism helped inform, influence, and shape Hitler’s ideas, indirectly assisting in the propagation of the Holocaust.

  6. Therapeutic micro-environments in the Edgelands: A thematic analysis of Richard Mabey's The Unofficial Countryside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houghton, Frank; Houghton, Sharon

    2015-05-01

    The concept of therapeutic landscapes, as introduced by Gesler, has had a significant impact on what has become a reformed geography (or geographies) of health. Research in this field has developed the number and type of sites that have been characterised as therapeutic landscapes. A wide range of environments have now been explored through the analytical lens of the 'therapeutic landscape'. This research further expands current descriptions of such environments by exploring Edgelands as therapeutic micro landscapes. Edgelands refer to the neglected and routinely ignored interfacial zone between urban and rural that are a routine characteristic of the urban fringe resulting from dynamic cycles of urban development and decay. Using a hybrid method of thematic analysis incorporating both inductive and deductive approaches, this research explores Richard Mabey's seminal work on this topic, The Unofficial Countryside. Previous examinations of the features of therapeutic environments are therefore scrutinised to explore both scale and the possibility of further extending the kind of environments that may be described as therapeutic to include Edgelands. This approach is informed, in part, by principles of mindfulness, a historically Eastern, but increasingly Western approach to exploring oneself and the environment. This research identifies that these overlooked and neglected landscapes are in fact vibrant, resilient and enthralling environments teeming with life, renewal and re-birth. Examination reveals that there are three crucial outcomes of this research. The first relates to the issue of scale. Mabey's book provides evidence of the importance of micro environments in providing a therapeutic environmental focus. Secondly, this research explores the potential of mindfulness as an approach in Geography. Lastly, this research also identifies Edgelands as therapeutic sites and calls for an increased understanding and appreciation of their potential. Copyright © 2014

  7. An experimental 'Life' for an experimental life: Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-03-01

    Richard Waller's 'Life of Dr Robert Hooke', prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting this strategy and his struggle with the problem of how to represent an early experimental philosopher in print. I suggest that Waller eschews the 'Christian philosopher' tradition of contemporary biography - partly because of the unusually diverse and fragmentary nature of Hooke's intellectual output - and draws instead upon the structure of the Royal Society's archive as a means of organizing and understanding Hooke's life. The most quoted phrase from Waller's biography is that Hooke became 'to a crime close and reserved' in later life; this essay argues that Waller's biographical sketch was fashioned in order to undo the effects of that reserve. In modelling his approach very closely on the structure of the society's records he was principally concerned with making Hooke's work and biography accessible, intelligible and useful to the fellowship in a context familiar to them, a context which had provided the institutional framework for most of Hooke's adult life. I argue that Waller's 'Life' was also intended to make the largest claims for Hooke's intellectual standing that the author dared in the context of the enmity between Hooke and Isaac Newton once the latter became president of the Royal Society. However, I also adduce fresh manuscript evidence that Waller actually compiled, but did not publish, a defence of Hooke's claim to have discovered the inverse square law of gravity, allowing us to glimpse a much more assertive biography of Hooke than the published version.

  8. Visiting Richard Serra's "Promenade" sculpture improves postural control and judgment of subjective visual vertical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoula, Zoï; Lang, Alexandre; Lê, Thanh-Thuan; Adenis, Marie-Sarah; Yang, Qing; Lipede, Gabi; Vernet, Marine

    2014-01-01

    Body sway while maintaining an upright quiet stance reflects an active process of balance based on the integration of visual, vestibular, somatosensory, and proprioceptive inputs. Richard Serra's Promenade sculpture featured in the 2008 Monumenta exhibition at the Grand Palais in Paris, France is herein hypothesized to have stimulated the body's vertical and longitudinal axes as it showcased five monumental rectangular solids pitched at a 1.69(°) angle. Using computerized dynamic posturography we measured the body sway of 23 visitors when fixating a cross, or when observing the artwork (fixating it or actively exploring it with eye movements) before and after walking around and alongside the sculpture (i.e., before and after a promenade). A first fixation at the sculpture increased medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power of body sway). Eye movement exploration in the depth of the sculpture increased antero-posterior stability [in terms of spectral power and canceling time (CT) of body sway] at the expense of medio-lateral stability (in terms of CT). Moreover, a medio-lateral instability associated with eye movement exploration before the promenade (in terms of body sway sensu stricto) was canceled after the promenade. Finally, the overall medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power) increased after the promenade. Fourteen additional visitors were asked to stand in a dark room and adjust a luminous line to what they considered to be the earth-vertical axis. The promenade executed within the sculpted environment afforded by Serra's monumental statuary works resulted in significantly improved performances on the subjective visual vertical test. We attribute these effects to the sculpted environment provided by the exhibition which may have acted as a kind of physiologic "training ground" thereby improving the visitors' overall sense of visual perspective, equilibrium, and gravity.

  9. An Enlightenment proposal for music therapy: Richard Brocklesby on music, spirit, and the passions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouk, Penelope

    2015-01-01

    In 1749, the London physician Richard Brocklesby (1722-1797) published his Reflections on Antient [sic] and Modern Musick, an essay that not only sought to compare these practices in terms of their effects, but also to gather evidence supporting the use of music in treating mania and other mental diseases. As might be expected, Brocklesby's discussion of music therapy has already received attention by authors looking back to the origins of this practice, not least because he offers an account of a successful musical cure that took place in his own time (Rorke, 2001). My chapter, however, seeks to broaden the discussion of the Reflections, in order to show how Brocklesby's projected musical cures fit into his larger worldview, one that was influenced as much by Plato and other ancient philosophers as it was by modern thinkers such as Isaac Newton and his followers. Brocklesby's argument was essentially that music acted as a link between the mind and body and therefore could restore their intrinsic harmony, a connection that was mediated by the animal spirits, which also served as the vehicle of the passions. The movements and proportions of music could arouse or quell the passions by their effect on these (imaginary) spirits, which flowed through the nerves and brain and acted as the agent for the mind or soul. I show how his account of music in antiquity led him to reflect on the way that music was perceived and responded to in his own time, both as a stimulus to mental and bodily action, and as a source of esthetic pleasure through the cultivation of musical taste. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Richard Spruce, botânico e desbravador da América do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seaward Mark R. D.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available No período entre 1849 e 1864, o botânico e explorador inglês Richard Spruce promoveu minucioso estudo da flora amazônica e dos costumes dos povos que habitavam essa região. Ainda hoje, grande parte do conhecimento sobre várias famílias botânicas daquela região advém do esforço desenvolvido por esse cientista. A amplitude de seus interesses, a meticulosidade e a exatidão de suas descrições foram fenomenais: nada parece ter escapado à sua atenção e capacidade de documentação. Spruce era não apenas notável botânico, mas também admirável antropólogo, lingüista (sabia francês, espanhol e português, geólogo, e geógrafo, bem como arguto observador sociológico dos sistemas políticos e dos hábitos das tribos amazônicas e andinas entre as quais esteve, trazendo considerável contribuição para o entendimento das crenças e práticas nativas e para o conhecimento das propriedades e usos das plantas, no contexto amazônico. Sua participação na exploração econômica de espécies locais também foi importante, particularmente em relação aos gêneros Hevea e Cinchona.

  11. Timothy Leary, Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) and the changing definition of psilocybin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wark, Colin; Galliher, John F

    2010-05-01

    This research focuses on the events leading to the 1968 U.S. federal prohibition of psilocybin. It is a study of duelling moral entrepreneurs-Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert vs. the Harvard University Administration. The goal is to show how the primary active compound in an ostensibly harmless fungus (the psilocybin mushroom) became controversial in less than a decade. We used books, newspapers, magazine articles and previously unpublished materials (including documents from the Harvard Archives) to analyze Leary and Alpert's lives and careers through the early 1970s. The prohibition of psilocybin in the U.S. was largely a product of Leary and Alpert's involvement in the "Harvard drug scandal" and their transformation from Harvard professors to countercultural icons. They tested the substance on a variety of human subjects and in doing so piqued the interest of Harvard undergraduates while drawing condemnation from other faculty and Harvard administrators. This case is theoretically interesting because unlike most illegal drugs, psilocybin was never linked to a threatening minority group, but to some of the nation's most privileged youth. The Harvard administrators were not really moral entrepreneurs but Leary and Alpert clearly were. Although they were far from being prohibitionists, they were self-righteous crusaders on different but equally holy missions for the good of young and minority Americans. Ironically, due to their successes the possession of psilocybin was criminalized under United States federal law in 1968 (Pub. L. No. 90-639, Stat. 1361 1968 and Boire, 2002). This case study demonstrates that crusaders can be successful in changing culture even when laws are passed in futile attempts to control their behaviour, just as Leary predicted. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Visiting Richard Serra’s Promenade sculpture improves postural control and judgment of subjective visual vertical.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoï eKapoula

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Body sway while maintaining an upright quiet stance reflects an active process of balance based on the integration of visual, vestibular, somatosensory and proprioceptive inputs. Richard Serra’s Promenade sculpture featured in the 2008 Monumenta exhibition at the Grand Palais in Paris, France is herein hypothesised to have stimulated the body’s vertical and longitudinal axes as it showcased 5 monumental rectangular solids pitched at a 1.69° angle.Using computerised dynamic posturography we measured the body sway of 23 visitors when fixating a cross, or when observing the artwork (fixating it or actively exploring it with eye movements before and after walking around and alongside the sculpture (i.e., before and after a promenade. A first fixation at the sculpture increased medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power of body sway. Eye movement exploration in the depth of the sculpture increased antero-posterior stability (in terms of spectral power and cancelling time of body sway at the expense of medio-lateral stability (in terms of cancelling time. Moreover, a medio-lateral instability associated with eye movement exploration before the promenade (in terms of body sway sensu stricto was cancelled after the promenade. Finally, the overall medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power increased after the promenade.Fourteen additional visitors were asked to sit in a dark room and adjust a luminous line to what they considered to be the earth-vertical axis. The promenade executed within the sculpted environment afforded by Serra’s monumental statuary works resulted in significantly improved performances on the subjective visual vertical test.We attribute these effects to the sculpted environment provided by the exhibition which may have acted as a kind of physiologic training ground thereby improving the visitors’ overall sense of visual perspective, equilibrium and gravity.

  13. Süüme sundis vabrikujuhti palgatööliseks jääma / Richard Mutso ; interv. Jüri Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Richard, 1933-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuu Võru mööblitehase Wermo peadirektorina töötanud, praeguse tehase nõukogu liikme Richard Mutsoga tehase juhtimisest, euroreferendumist, eraelust. Kommenteerivad: Silva Mutso, Veljo Ipits

  14. North American Regional Security: A Trilateral Framework. By Richard J. Kilroy, Jr., Abelardo Rodriquez Sumano, and Todd S. Hataley, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Press, 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Stewart-Ingersoll

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available North American Regional Security: A Trilateral Framework. By Richard J. Kilroy, Jr., Abelardo Rodriquez Sumano, and Todd S. Hataley, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1-58826-854-9.

  15. Preparation of (2' R)- 5' -(2 - 125I-lodo-3-Furanyl)Spiro[1-Azabicyclo [2.2.2] Octane]- 3,2' (3' H) - Furo [2,3-b] Pyridine: A Nicotinic Cholinergic Receptor Tracer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farouk, N.; Talaat, H.M.

    2012-01-01

    The radiochemical synthesis of (2R)-5-(2- 125 l iodo-3-Furanyl) spiro [1- azabicyclo(2,2,2) Octane [-3,2-(311-furo(2,3-b]pyridine was accomplished by radioiodination using iodogen and lactoperoxidase as oxidizing agents. An average radiochemical yields was 95% 88 % and the reactions proceed well within 15-30 min and 45-60 min at 70 degree C using the two oxidizing agents, respectively. Different chromatographic analysis techniques (TLC and HPLC) were used to evaluate the radiochemical yields during the process as well as the purity of the final product with radiochemical purity over 99.9 % and a specific activity of 74 KBq / μg substrate

  16. 6′-Methyl-1′,2′,3′,4′-tetra­hydro­spiro­cyclo­hexane-2′-quinazolin-4′-one

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Zhang; Shi, Daxin; Yanqiu, Fan; Wei, Xia; Li, Jiarong

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C14H18N2O, was synthesized by the reaction of cyclo­hexa­none and 2-amino-5-methyl­benzonitrile. In the mol­ecule, the cyclo­hexane ring displays a chair conformation, whereas the 1,3-diaza­cyclo­hexane moiety of the bicyclic system has a sofa conformation with the spiro C atom displaced by 0.603 (2) Å from the rest of the atoms of the 1,3-diaza­cyclo­hexane ring [planar within 0.052 (2) Å]. Mol­ecules are linked into centrosymmetric dimers via N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:21583911

  17. Novel synthesis of a series of spiro 1,3-indanedione-fused dihydropyridines through the condensation of a tetrone with N-aryl/alkylenamines in presence of solid support silica sulfuric acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundu, Ashis; Pramanik, Animesh

    2015-08-01

    A convenient protocol for the library synthesis of biologically important 1-aryl-2',6-spiro(1',3'-indanedione)-1H-indeno[1,2-b]quinoline-5,7-diones has been developed. In this one-pot reaction protocol a tetrone is condensed with various N-aryl/alkylenamines of 1,3-cyclohexadiones on the surface of a solid-supported acid catalyst silica sulfuric acid under solvent-free condition. The significant advantages of this methodology are the use of solvent-free reaction conditions, operational simplicity of the reaction, good yield of the products with high atom economy, and employment of a recyclable catalyst. All these favorable factors make the present method convenient, economic, and 'benign by design'.

  18. Justiça e sociedade liberal em Richard Rorty: justiça como lealdade e o projeto social de uma utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo de Almeida Silva

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto pretende explorar o conceito de justiça de Richard Rorty e a proposta da Utopia Liberal que o autor apresenta. Para tanto, explora, dentro da obra de Richard Rorty e de alguns autores com quem dialoga, contribuições para o debate da concepção do termo Justiça como um senso de lealdade ampliada e de sua proposta para uma sociedade mais justa, igualitária e inclusiva.   Abstract: This paper aims to explore the concept of justice from Richard Rorty and his proposal about the idea of a Liberal Utopia. With this goal we seek, within the work of Richard Rorty, and some authors with whom he converses, contributions to the discussion of the conception of justice as an expanded sense of loyalty and his proposal for a fairer, equitable and inclusive society.   Resumen: Este trabajo se propone explorar el concepto de justicia de Richard Rorty y la propuesta de liberal utopía que el autor presenta. Con este objetivo, vamos a buscar en la obra de Richard Rorty, y algunos autores con los que conversa, contribuciones a la discusión sobre la concepción de la justicia como un sentido más amplio de la lealtad y su propuesta de una sociedad más justa, equitativa e incluyente.

  19. L'immagine visibile di un Dio che può essere: Michel Henry e Richard Kearney in dialogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonah M. Ford

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available   This article attempts an exploration of Michel Henry’s I Am the Truth and Richard Kearney’s The God Who May Be, as each appropriate the Husserlian critique of Kantian epistemology. Although Henry and Kearney both develop a Christian theology rooted in this Husserlian inheritance, their explication of the truths Christianity asserts is strikingly different. It is the assertion of this essay that this difference is primarily a textual one; or, to put it another way, it is conditioned first by their scriptural gaze.Cet article se propose de reprendre le contenu de Michel Henry, C’est moi, la vérité et Richard Kearney The God Who May Be, dans lesquels les auteurs analysent la critique husserlienne de l’épistémologie kantienne. Bien que Henry et Kearney tous les deux développent une théologie chrétienne enracinée dans cet héritage husserlien, leur explication des vérités affirmées du Christianisme est très différente. Pour nous, la différence entre eux est de type textuel, c’est à dire qu’elle dépend de l’analyse qu’ils font de la Sainte Écriture.Questo articolo si propone di riprendere il contenuto dei testi Io sono la verità di Michel Henry e The God Who May Be di Richard Kearney, nei quali i rispettivi autori analizzano la critica husserliana dell'epistemologia di Kant. Sebbene entrambi sviluppano una "teologia" cristiana radicata in questa eredità husserliana, la loro spiegazione delle verità cristiane è alquanto differente. Per noi, la differenza tra essi è di tipo testuale, vale a dire che dipende dall'analisi che essi fanno del testo biblico.

  20. The effects of coal dust on photosynthetic performance of the mangrove, Avicennia marina in Richards Bay, South Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naidoo, G.; Chirkoot, D. [University of Durban Westville, Durban (South Africa). Dept. of Botany

    2004-07-01

    Richards Bay, on the northern KwaZulu-Natal coast, is the largest coal exporting port in South Africa. The coal is stored at the Richards Bay Coal Terminal (RBCT) prior to export. Dust from coal operations is a major problem in the Richards Bay area. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that coal dust adversely affects photosynthetic performance of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh., the dominant mangrove species in the harbour. Photosynthetic performance was determined on 10 trees by measuring carbon dioxide uptake and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters at two elevation sites and on upper and lower leaf surfaces that were covered or uncovered with coal dust. Measurements were made on five clear, sunny days at saturating light (> 1000 {mu}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) and high temperature (28-30{sup o}C). Coal dust significantly reduced carbon dioxide exchange of upper and lower leaf surfaces by 17-39%, the reduction being generally greater on the lower leaf surface that is covered by a dense mat of trichomes and salt glands. The reduction in carbon dioxide exchange by coal dust was higher at the high elevation site that supported isolated dwarfed trees. The chlorophyll fluorescence data indicated that leaves coated with dust exhibited significantly lower photosystem II (PS II) quantum yield, lower electron transport rate (ETR) through PSII and reduced quantum efficiency of PSII (F{sub v}/F{sub m}). The chlorophyll fluorescence data supported the gas exchange measurements and are consistent with reduced photosynthetic performance of leaves coated with coal dust.

  1. Genetics and the origin of species: the continuing synthesis a symposium in honor of Richard G. Harrison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosberg, Richard K.; Rand, David M.; Normark, Benjamin B.

    2013-01-01

    This is a special issue of Genetica that has its origins in a symposium held in honor of Richard G. Harrison at Ithaca, New York on July 22–23. Former students of Rick Harrison organized the symposium and most of the speakers were former students, as well. The quality and breadth of the talks were a testament to Rick’s influence as a thinker, synthesizer, and mentor and it is only appropriate to reflect on Rick’s contributions to the fields of evolutionary ecology, systematics, and genetics in this preface to the symposium articles. PMID:21152955

  2. EL MODELO DE CICLO Y CRECIMIENTO DE RICHARD GOODWIN: UNA EVALUACIÓN EMPÍRICA PARA COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Martín Moreno R

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es exponer y evaluar la hipótesis del crecimiento cíclico de Richard Goodwin. Se utilizan datos colombianos para contrastar los supuestos del modelo. Se encontró que a nivel cualitativo, la dinámica de las variables de estado en el espacio de fases muestra cierta correspondencia con las predicciones teóricas, al menos para dos períodos: 1957-1966 y 1968-1974. Los resultados cuantitativos rechazan los supuestos del modelo y los modelos empíricos no describen el verdadero proceso generador de los datos.

  3. O ateísmo de Richard Dawkins nas fronteiras da ciência evolucionista e do senso comum

    OpenAIRE

    Franco, Clarissa de

    2014-01-01

    O objeto de estudo consiste nas principais ideias ateístas de Richard Dawkins e na recepção destas por parte dos ateus inseridos na cultura brasileira. Dawkins é um dos principais divulgadores e militantes do movimento ateísta da atualidade, e a despeito de sua faceta pública divulgada em sites mundiais e em livros de reconhecido sucesso existem debates do autor, concernentes aos espaços acadêmicos e restritos a cientistas, que nem sempre se apresentam congruentes às suas e...

  4. The Art of the Encounter, an Art of Distance: from Thomas Richards and Mario Biagini to Jerzy Grotowski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yannick Butel

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This text presents the theatrical act as a passage, based on the observation of the actions of Thomas Richards and Mario Biagini that belong to a work protocol left by Jerzy Grotowski. This is the moment in which art as a vehicle, as Peter Brook wrote, merges with the art of the encounter. It is also the moment in which the experience transmitted by theatre causes the disappearance of boundaries and limits between scene, actor and spectator. The art of the encounter corresponds, then, to the inclusion of the spectator into the theatrical process which favours a return of the presence of oneself, the disappearance of self-estrangement.

  5. EL MODELO DE CICLO Y CRECIMIENTO DE RICHARD GOODWIN: UNA EVALUACIÓN EMPÍRICA PARA COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Martín Moreno R

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es exponer y evaluar la hipótesis del crecimiento cíclico de Richard Goodwin. Se utilizan datos colombianos para contrastar los supuestos del modelo. Se encontró que a nivel cualitativo, la dinámica de las variables de estado en el espacio de fases muestra cierta correspondencia con las predicciones teóricas, al menos para dos períodos: 1957-1966 y 1968-1974. Los resultados cuantitativos rechazan los supuestos del modelo y los modelos empíricos no describen el verdadero proceso generador de los datos.The purpose of the present work is to expose and evaluate the hypothesis of cyclical growth of Richard Goodwin. Colombian data are used to contrast the ideas of the model. It was found that at a qualitative level, the dynamic of the state variables in the space of phases shows certain correspondence with the theoretical predictions, at least for two periods: 1957-1966 and 1968-1974. The quantitative results reject the suppositions of the pattern and the empiric models do not describe the true generator process of the data.

  6. The ISS flight of Richard Garriott: a template for medicine and science investigation on future spaceflight participant missions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Richard T; Garriott, Owen K; Bogomolov, Valery V; Pochuev, Vladimir I; Morgun, Valery V; Garriott, Richard A

    2010-02-01

    A total of eight commercial spaceflight participants have launched to the International Space Station (ISS) on Soyuz vehicles. Based on an older mean age compared to career astronauts and an increased prevalence of medical conditions, spaceflight participants have provided the opportunity to learn about the effect of space travel on crewmembers with medical problems. The 12-d Soyuz TMA-13/12 ISS flight of spaceflight participant Richard Garriott included medical factors that required preflight intervention, risk mitigation strategies, and provided the opportunity for medical study on-orbit. Equally important, Mr. Garriott conducted extensive medical, scientific, and educational payload operations during the flight. These included 7 medical experiments and a total of 15 scientific projects such as protein crystal growth, Earth observations/photography, educational projects with schools, and amateur radio. The medical studies included the effect of microgravity on immune function, sleep, bone loss, corneal refractive surgery, low back pain, motion perception, and intraocular pressure. The overall mission success resulted from non-bureaucratic agility in mission planning, cooperation with investigators from NASA, ISS, International Partners, and the Korean Aerospace Research Institute, in-flight support and leadership from a team with spaceflight and Capcom experience, and overall mission support from the ISS program. This article focuses on science opportunities that suborbital and orbital spaceflight participant flights offer and suggests that the science program on Richard Garriott's flight be considered a model for future orbital and suborbital missions. The medical challenges are presented in a companion article.

  7. Shakespeare for all Seasons ? Richard II en Avignon : de Jean Vilar (1957 à Ariane Mnouchkine (1982 Shakespeare for All Seasons? Richard II at the Avignon Festival: from Jean Vilar (1957 to Ariane Mnouchkine (1982

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Richard II has not often been performed on the French stage; however, in the 20th century, within a period of 35 years, two productions premiered at the same venue (the Cour d’Honneur at the open-air Avignon Festival, were so successful that they became emblematic of their times. In 1947 Jean Vilar opened the first Avignon Festival with an ascetic, charismatic eponymous hero who came to an inner knowledge of himself in his bare prison cell; in 1982 Ariane Mnouchkine offered a splendid visual display by transposing the play into the kabuki tradition; this offered the audience breath-taking and dynamic tableaux of elaborate court ceremonies and rebellious lords.At such a distance in time, the English medieval code of honour was dealt with according to completely different theatrical principles of ethics and aesthetics, mirroring the changes in perspective within French society.

  8. Exact solutions to traffic density estimation problems involving the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards traffic flow model using mixed integer programming

    KAUST Repository

    Canepa, Edward S.

    2012-09-01

    This article presents a new mixed integer programming formulation of the traffic density estimation problem in highways modeled by the Lighthill Whitham Richards equation. We first present an equivalent formulation of the problem using an Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Then, using a semi-analytic formula, we show that the model constraints resulting from the Hamilton-Jacobi equation result in linear constraints, albeit with unknown integers. We then pose the problem of estimating the density at the initial time given incomplete and inaccurate traffic data as a Mixed Integer Program. We then present a numerical implementation of the method using experimental flow and probe data obtained during Mobile Century experiment. © 2012 IEEE.

  9. Entre el Dios de Paley y el Dios de Bonnet: El Parco Evolucionismo Teísta de Richard Owen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Caponi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Firstly, in this article it is examined the nature of the putative remarks concerning evolution of species that are found in the works that Richard Owen published before 1858; and then it is made the same thing with the few and vague evolutionist conjectures that Owen certainly made after the public presentation of Natural Selection Theory. Regarding the former topic, the goal will be to highlight the ambiguity of those Owen’s remarks, and concerning the latter topic what is looked for is to show that, when he explained his transmutationist thesis, Owen didn’t go beyond a pious theistic evolutionism, without postulating any mechanism of evolutionary change and remaining faithful to Design Theology praised by Paley.

  10. El modelo de ciclo y crecimiento de Richard Goodwin. Una evaluación empírica para Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreno R. Álvaro Martín

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es exponer y evaluar la
    hipótesis del crecimiento cíclico de Richard Goodwin. Se
    utilizan datos colombianos para contrastar los supuestos del
    modelo. Se encontró que a nivel cualitativo, la dinámica de
    las variables de estado en el espacio de fases muestra cierta
    correspondencia con las predicciones teóricas, al menos
    para dos períodos: 1957-1966 y 1968-1974. Los resultados
    cuantitativos rechazan los supuestos del modelo y los modelos
    empíricos no describen el verdadero proceso generador de
    los datos.

  11. The relationship between ethics and human rights in the thought of Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Taghi Qezelsofla

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In general, two theories or school of thoughts had been prevailed in modern moral philosophies until recently. Ethical school of thought of "task-oriented", in which the emphasis is on the nature of the action. At first, this school of thought was considered by Immanuel Kant. Accordingly, doing or will to do every action should be such that become a universal moral law. In contrast, another ethical school of thought known as "utilitarianism ethics" was introduced by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. Here, we give priority to those moral actions that can bring the greatest happiness for most people. In three or four recent decades, coinciding with the linguistic and cognitive turn, which has become known as the transition from positivism to post-positivism, another challenge has been raised in discussing philosophy of ethics by Richard Rorty which is related to his claim regarding the requirements of the current multiple world. This claim can make a new relation between morality and human rights. Hence, the main hypothesis of this paper is to clarify the point that Rorty has raised his claim by combining the theory of pragmatism and postmodern Ethics. To prove this hypothesis, this article has been set in two sections, in the first section in order to become familiar with Rorty's creed-breaker thought, the foundations of the philosophy of ethics is discussed. In the second section and under the discussion of ethics based on the rights of human, some of its characteristics will be analyzed. This article has been prepared by a descriptive method through the content analysis of various works of Rorty. Theoretical support for this article is a critical-normative approach. به طور کلی در فلسفه‌های اخلاق مدرن تا این اواخر دو نگره یا مکتب حاکم بوده است. مکتب اخلاق «وظیفه‌گرا»که در آن بر ماهیت کنش تأکید می‌شود. این مکتب ابتدا

  12. The Problems of Using Public Rhetoric to Reveal Private Philosophy: An Analysis of Richard Weaver on the Arguments from Circumstance and Definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sproule, J. Michael

    Among the many philosophic insights offered by Richard M. Weaver, rhetorical scholars have perhaps been most intrigued by his establishment of circumstance and definition as morally dichotomous sources of argument. Challenging Weaver's assumption that the identification of a rhetor's fact or genus preferences supplies necessary insights into the…

  13. Hamilton on surnud, tema mõju mitte : in memoriam Richard Hamilton (24. II 1922 - 13. IX 2011) / Kadri Karro ; kommenteerinud Eha Komissarov, Sirje Helme, Jaak Kangilaski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro,Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Briti kunstniku Richard Hamiltoni (1922 - 2011) loomingust eesti kunstiteadlaste Eha Komissarovi, Sirje Helme ja Jaak Kangilaski pilgu läbi. Lähemalt 1956. aastal valminud kollaažist "Mis teeb tänapäeva kodud nii eriliseks, nii meeldivaks?"

  14. HealthSouth's most wanted. Founder and former chairman and CEO Richard Scrushy is indicted for 85 counts of conspiracy, fraud and money laundering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Julie

    2003-11-10

    Wake-up call for the industry or an isolated case of corporate chicanery? Healthcare experts are divided on the import of Richard Scrushy's indictment on 85 counts last week in connection with the financial scandal at HealthSouth Corp. The indictment alleges the company founder relied on electronic and telephone surveillance, threats and intimidation to control his accomplices.

  15. Closure of the Richard underground repository for low and intermediate level radioactive waste - application of the hydraulic cage concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haverkamp, B.; Biurrun, E.

    2006-01-01

    The Richard Repository, in the North of the Czech Republic, is a near surface underground repository for low and intermediate level radioactive waste of institutional origin. Disposal has been carried out here since the mid nineteen-sixties, leading to a current inventory of about 1E+15 Bq. In 2003, the Czech Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (RAWRA) launched a Phare project aimed at reducing burden from past practices during the first phase of the Richard repository operation and at improving its overall long term safety. The contract for this project was awarded to DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH. When reviewing the preliminary closure concept and the related safety assessment prepared by RAWRA, it became clear that the existing concept had deficits in regard to potential radiological exposure after closure of the repository. To remediate such hazards, DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH developed a new concept for the closure of individual waste chambers. The main technological element of this concept is the installation of an additional engineered barrier called hydraulic cage around the waste chambers. This cage prevents the development of advective flow through the waste/concrete body within the backfilled chambers and thereby advective transport of radionuclides. An important advantage of the new closure concept is that fact that the safety against potential radiological impact originating from waste inside a closed chamber is achieved directly and does not rely on any additional measures connected with the future closure of the repository as a whole. After consulting the competent Czech authorities RAWRA decided to follow the hydraulic cage concept for the planned realization of the closure of a certain chamber system within the mine. During further execution of the project a detailed plan for this closure work was elaborated to a degree of detail, which allowed its direct technical realization, which started at the beginning of 2006. By October 2006, the first segment of the

  16. Highly Simplified Reddish Orange Phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Incorporating a Novel Carrier- and Exciton-Confining Spiro-Exciplex-Forming Host for Reduced Efficiency Roll-off.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ting; Zhang, Ye-Xin; Wang, Bo; Huang, Chen-Chao; Murtaza, Imran; Meng, Hong; Liao, Liang-Sheng

    2017-01-25

    A novel exciplex-forming host is applied so as to design highly simplified reddish orange light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with low driving voltage, high efficiency, and an extraordinarily low efficiency roll-off, by combining N,N-10-triphenyl-10H-spiro [acridine-9,9'-fluoren]-3'-amine (SAFDPA) with 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen) doped with trivalent iridium complex bis(2-methyldibenzo[f,h]quinoxaline) (acetylacetonate)iridium(III) (Ir(MDQ) 2 (acac)). The reddish orange OLEDs achieve a strikingly high power efficiency (PE) of 31.80 lm/W with an ultralow threshold voltage of 2.24 V which is almost equal to the triplet energy level of the phosphorescent reddish orange emitting dopant. The power efficiency of the device with the exciplex-forming host is enhanced, achieving 36.2% mainly owing to the lower operating voltage by the novel exciplex forming cohost, compared with the reference device (23.54 lm/W). Moreover, the OLEDs show extraordinarily low current efficiency (CE) roll-off to 1.41% at the brightness from 500 to 5000 cd/m 2 with a maximal CE of 32.87 cd/A (EQE max = 11.01%). The devices display a good reddish orange color (CIE of (0.628, 0.372) at 500 cd/m 2 ) nearly without color shift with increasing brightness. Co-host architecture phosphorescent OLEDs show a simpler device structure, lower working voltage, and a better efficiency and stability than those of the reference devices without the cohost architecture, which helps to simplify the OLED structure, lower the cost, and popularize OLED technology.

  17. Synthesis and antiviral activity of cyclopropyl-spirocarbocyclic adenosine, (4R,5S,6R,7R)-4-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-7-(hydroxymethyl)spiro[2.4]heptane-5,6-diol against hepatitis C virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadthula, Srinivas; Rawal, Ravindra K; Sharon, Ashoke; Wu, Dong; Korba, Brent; Chu, Chung K

    2011-07-01

    An efficient method was developed for the synthesis of 6-exocyclic methylene carbocyclic intermediate 4. The Simmons-Smith cyclopropanation protocol was applied on the 6-exocyclic methylene of intermediate 4 and demonstrated its utility for the synthesis of novel class of a spiro-carbocyclic nucleoside analog 8. The titled compound 8 demonstrated a significant antiviral activity against HCV with EC(50) values of 0.273 and 0.368 μM in genotypes 1A and 1B, respectively. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Richard Flanagan’s The Narrow Road to the Deep North and Matsuo Basho’s Oku no Hosomichi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasue Arimitsu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates Australian author Richard Flanagan’s novel, The Narrow Road to the Deep North, and attempts to clarify the reason why Flanagan chose this title, which is linked to the travel writings of the Japanese author Matsuo Basho, for his novel. The novel focuses on the central character’s prisoner of war experience on the Thai-Burma Death Railway during World War II, and depicts the POW camp as well as cruel Japanese behaviour and atrocities in a realistic way. The work seems to provide a postcolonial framework in the sense that there is a colonial and postcolonial relationship between the colonizer, and the colonized. However, in this novel, the colonizer is Eastern, and the colonized is Western, and this fact reverses postcolonial theory which postulates a structure in which the colonizer is usually considered as Western and the colonized, Eastern. Postcolonial theory, thus, cannot be applied in this novel, which attempts to fuse the two opposites, the Western view and the Eastern view, through the work of the Japanese poet. As a result, Flanagan, in writing The Narrow Road to the Deep North, goes beyond being a postcolonial writer to become a writer in a globalizing age.

  19. Invertendo a “Passagem Atlântica”: O “regresso” de Richard Wright a África

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luísa Saraiva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O texto discute o sentido polémico do “regresso” a África que Richard Wright inscreve em Black Power e a forma como a narrativa da viagem subverte a “Middle Passage”. O sujeito narrativo orienta o leitor através de uma incursão pessoal nos muitos sentidos da modernidade e desdobra a noção de “destino comum”, já apontada em 12 Million Black Voices. Contudo, qualquer sentido de comunidade é aqui necessariamente ambíguo, por estar sempre relacionado com questões de raça e identidade. Black Power é uma narrativa importante para o conceito de modernidade e assinala uma mudança significativa na produção literária de Wright para uma vertente não-ficcional. Esta segunda fase da sua obra contém, no entanto, um paradoxo crucial: enquanto se volta para o exterior, para o mundo mais global, Wright tenta, simultaneamente, inscrever-se como referência sobre o locus do qual nunca poderia demarcar‑se: África. Em Black Power, a duboisiana “color line” desdobra‑se em múltiplas dimensões.

  20. Water, from Gilgamesh Epic to Nobel Laureate Richard Feynman: a look into polywater and the memory of water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Santo, Luca Salvatore; Bisaccia, Carmela; De Santo, Rosa Maria

    2009-01-01

    Water is a complex source of imagination, dreams and rituals, where cultural differences ebb and flow, where a plethora of meanings and interpretations interlink and wash over one another. Water has an ambivalent character as stated in most of the ancient cosmogonies and in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Water's composition was discovered by the London scientist Henry Cavendish in about 1781. Although it is an apparently simple molecule (H2O), it has a highly complex and anomalous character. The anomalous properties of water are those where the behavior of liquid water is quite different from what is found with other liquids. As often stated, life depends indeed on these anomalous properties of water. Notably there are 12 phase, 22 density, 12 material, 11 thermodynamic and 9 physical anomalies. A powerful look into the water molecule was given by Nobel Prize recipient Richard P. Feynman as published in Six easy pieces. A look into the most recent quest for more knowledge about water leads us to the concept of pathological science. The cases of "polywater" and "the memory of water" are indeed paradigmatic episodes of fraudulent research published in journals with high impact factors. In conclusion, men came out of water engineered to handle water, and water greatly affects mythology and philosophy and is a strong presence in the arts and science.

  1. Hydraulic cage concept for waste chambers and its technical implementation for the underground Richard repository, Litomerice, Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haverkamp, B.; Biurrun, E.; Mueller-Hoeppe, N.; Kucerka, Miroslav

    2006-01-01

    Richard Repository is a near surface underground repository for low and intermediate level radioactive waste of institutional origin. In the course of a joint Phare Project carried out together with the repository operator, the Czech Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (RAWRA), DBE Technology developed a new concept for the closure of individual waste chambers. Main technological element of this concept is the installation of a hydraulic cage around the waste chambers by attaching a gravel layer to all sides of the chamber. This hydraulic cage will prevent the development of advective flow through the waste/concrete body within the backfilled chambers by eliminating the pressure gradient as driving force for such a flow. Thus the transport of radionuclides will be restricted to diffusive fluxes, which results in a considerable decrease of potential radiological impact. In the course of the project the closure of a certain chamber system within the mine was planned up to a grade of detail, which allowed its direct realization as a pilot closure study, which started in the beginning of 2006. (author)

  2. Entre el dios de Paley y el dios de Bonnet - El parco evolucionismo teísta de Richard Owen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Caponi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1808-1711.2013v17n1p71 En primer lugar, en este artículo se examina el carácter de las putativas referencias a la evolución de las especies que encontramos en las obras que Richard Owen publicó antes de 1858; y luego se analizan las escazas y vagas conjeturas evolucionistas que Owen sin duda formuló con posterioridad a la presentación pública de la Teoría de la Selección Natural.  En lo que respecta a lo primero, el objetivo es subrayar la ambigüedad de esas referencias de Owen; y en lo que respecta a lo segundo lo que interesa es mostrar que, a la hora de explicitar sus tesis evolucionistas, Owen no fue más allá de un pío evolucionismo teísta que, sin postular ningún mecanismo del cambio evolutivo, permanecía fiel a la Teología del diseño preconizada por Paley.

  3. Het testament van Richard Wagner: Nederlandse tijdschriften in het fin de siècle en de toekomst van de muziek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josine Meurs

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Richard Wagner (1813-1883 was tijdens zijn leven al de meest spraakmakende componist. Dit had alles te maken met zijn ambitie de gehele kunst hoogstpersoonlijk een nieuwe, revolutionaire richting te geven. Het verzekerde hem van de gespannen aandacht van verschillende Nederlandse tijdschriften, maar had eveneens tot gevolg dat zijn grootste aanhangers, in Nederland verzameld rond het Maandblad voor Muziek, na zijn dood het spoor bijster raakten.

  4. O crime na escrita: ética e estética em Anagramas de Varsóvia, de Richard Zimler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyslei Nascimento

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available No romance Os anagramas de Varsóvia, de Richard Zimler, uma série de assassinatos brutais de crianças, durante a segregação dos judeus em guetos na Segunda Guerra, coloca o leitor diante desse mundo sem afeto e nem compaixão, de que falava Jorge Luis Borges, bem como na realidade transformada em pedra, como a dos sepulcros no texto de Italo Calvino.

  5. Funding Student Scholarships to the Richard Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing Conference 2013, February 7-10, 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tapia, Richard

    2013-02-07

    This Basic Award allowed for the funding of student scholarships to the Richard Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing Conference which took place in Washington, D.C. from February 7-10, 2013. The conference was the seventh in a series and included a stellar array of invited speakers, compelling panel discussions, a student poster competition, a daylong Doctoral Consortium, a session featuring a choice of attractions unique to Washington, D.C., a gala banquet and dance, and many exciting networking opportunities. The conference created a welcoming environment for STEM students, especially underrepresented minority and female students, who were provided the highest quality of learning, networking, and social experiences to empower their educational experience and enhance their ability to succeed with a rigorous STEM degree. The networking and mentoring opportunities available at the conference were also designed to empower students to succeed in STEM careers and ultimately serve in leadership in industry and the professoriate. A key step in attracting underrepresented students into STEM fields and paving the way for their success in influential positions is to create a nurturing and supportive network and community for them to rely upon. It is also critical to educate leaders in corporations, government and academia about the benefits to be gained from increasing the percentage of STEM professionals from underrepresented groups. To this end, The Tapia Conference serves both functions, as it connects STEM students with STEM professionals, leaders, and academics who share the vision of a STEM workforce and community that is truly representative of the community in which we live.

  6. Leo Tolstoy, Mikhail Artsybashev, and Richard Wagner: About One Case of Polemics in Tolstoy’s The Circle of Reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia A. Tulyakova

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with a case from the creative history of Leo Tolstoy’s The Circle of Reading (1908, when Tolstoy included the revised story of Guy de Maupassant’s Le Port under the title “Sisters” in the second edition of the book. The author proves that the reason for Tolstoy’s decision was his polemic with “saninstvo” as one of the most fashionable ethical trends of the first decade of the 1900s. The key component of Sanin’s behavior and hedonistic philosophy in Mikhail Artsybashev’s novel was incest. Maupassant’s novella is based on the same plot. On the basis of Tolstoy’s nonfictional texts of the 1890s, including the treatise What Is Art? (1898, the article reconstructs the writer’s view on the forms and boundaries of the representation of incest in Richard Wagner’s operas and in Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophy, with which Tolstoy also polemicized and in connection with which he stated the ethical potential of art and its permissiveness. From this perspective, Tolstoy’s reaction to Artsybashev’s novel, combining the motives of incest and extreme individualism, turns out to be a new phase of the old dispute. Tolstoy included the story “Sisters” in the second edition of The Circle of Reading as a response to the philosophy of “saninstvo.” Thus, Tolstoy’s collection of wise thoughts can be considered not only as didactic, but also as a polemical text, and deeply rooted in the ideological context of the 1890s‒1900s.

  7. U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon Arrives Aboard U.S.S. Hornet for Apollo 11 Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon (center), is saluted by the honor guard of flight deck crewmen when he arrives aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, prime recovery ship for the Apollo 11 mission, to watch recovery operations and welcome the astronauts home. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF) for 21 days following the mission. The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. Armstrong was the first human to ever stand on the lunar surface, followed by Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun.

  8. Visiting Richard Serra’s “Promenade” sculpture improves postural control and judgment of subjective visual vertical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoula, Zoï; Lang, Alexandre; Lê, Thanh-Thuan; Adenis, Marie-Sarah; Yang, Qing; Lipede, Gabi; Vernet, Marine

    2014-01-01

    Body sway while maintaining an upright quiet stance reflects an active process of balance based on the integration of visual, vestibular, somatosensory, and proprioceptive inputs. Richard Serra’s Promenade sculpture featured in the 2008 Monumenta exhibition at the Grand Palais in Paris, France is herein hypothesized to have stimulated the body’s vertical and longitudinal axes as it showcased five monumental rectangular solids pitched at a 1.69° angle. Using computerized dynamic posturography we measured the body sway of 23 visitors when fixating a cross, or when observing the artwork (fixating it or actively exploring it with eye movements) before and after walking around and alongside the sculpture (i.e., before and after a promenade). A first fixation at the sculpture increased medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power of body sway). Eye movement exploration in the depth of the sculpture increased antero-posterior stability [in terms of spectral power and canceling time (CT) of body sway] at the expense of medio-lateral stability (in terms of CT). Moreover, a medio-lateral instability associated with eye movement exploration before the promenade (in terms of body sway sensu stricto) was canceled after the promenade. Finally, the overall medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power) increased after the promenade. Fourteen additional visitors were asked to stand in a dark room and adjust a luminous line to what they considered to be the earth-vertical axis. The promenade executed within the sculpted environment afforded by Serra’s monumental statuary works resulted in significantly improved performances on the subjective visual vertical test. We attribute these effects to the sculpted environment provided by the exhibition which may have acted as a kind of physiologic “training ground” thereby improving the visitors’ overall sense of visual perspective, equilibrium, and gravity. PMID:25566107

  9. Learning the ropes at Richard B. Russell Dam: Net systems for medium head hydropower pumpback and generation fish sampling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schilt, C.R. [AscI Corporation, Inc., Calhoun Falls, SC (United States)]|[Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States); Vu, P.D. [Nylon Net Co., Memphis, TN (United States); Nestler, J.M. [USAE Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS (United States)

    1995-12-31

    At Richard B. Russell Dam on the Savannah River we have been monitoring the magnitude (numbers and masses) and species compositions as well as possible survival of fish entrained in operation of four 85 MW Francis pump turbines. In this paper we review our progress in net design for hydropower application. We also discuss basic net handling and introduce a method for net management in a very turbulent tailrace. This report is meant to share what we have learned at Russell Dam in hopes that it will facilitate similar efforts elsewhere. The commercial fishing industry has evolved methods of net construction and handling that may be applied, with appropriate modification, at dams. The nets we use are most appropriately called trawls in that they have the form of a long sock placed over the penstock or draft tube. These nets are superficially similar to those used in commercial trawling for fish. Important differences are that: (1) the net remains relatively stationary while the water moves through it, not vice versa; (2) water velocities and turbulence are much greater at dams than in commercial fishing operations and (3) mesh sizes are much smaller for environmental sampling than for commercial trawling. And while a fouled trawl may stop the boat that pulls it, the water passed in generation or pumpback (about 140 ft. head at Russell) is for all practical purposes unstoppable. Our nets fish in a very turbulent discharge at 7,000 cu. ft./sec/turbine. Their strength and their ability to pass water effectively under all possible operating conditions are primary concerns. Trawl length, mesh sizes, and hanging ratios are important factors. Although we have had setbacks (usually in the form of torn nets) as this study has developed, we have incrementally improved our net design and handling. We review our net failures and the solutions we have found thus far in both construction and handling.

  10. Evaluation of the Ross fast solution of Richards' equation in unfavourable conditions for standard finite element methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crevoisier, D.; Voltz, M.; Chanzy, A.

    2009-01-01

    Ross [Ross PJ. Modeling soil water and solute transport - fast, simplified numerical solutions. Agron J 2003;95:1352-61] developed a fast, simplified method for solving Richards' equation. This non-iterative 1D approach, using Brooks and Corey [Brooks RH, Corey AT. Hydraulic properties of porous media. Hydrol. papers, Colorado St. Univ., Fort Collins: 1964] hydraulic functions, allows a significant reduction in computing time while maintaining the accuracy of the results. The first aim of this work is to confirm these results in a more extensive set of problems, including those that would lead to serious numerical difficulties for the standard numerical method. The second aim is to validate a generalisation of the Ross method to other mathematical representations of hydraulic functions. The Ross method is compared with the standard finite element model, Hydrus-1D [Simunek J, Sejna M, Van Genuchten MTh. The HYDRUS-1D and HYDRUS-2D codes for estimating unsaturated soil hydraulic and solutes transport parameters. Agron Abstr 357; 1999]. Computing time, accuracy of results and robustness of numerical schemes are monitored in 1D simulations involving different types of homogeneous soils, grids and hydrological conditions. The Ross method associated with modified Van Genuchten hydraulic functions [Vogel T, Cislerova M. On the reliability of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity calculated from the moisture retention curve. Transport Porous Media 1988:3:1-15] proves in every tested scenario to be more robust numerically, and the compromise of computing time/accuracy is seen to be particularly improved on coarse grids. Ross method run from 1.25 to 14 times faster than Hydrus-1D. (authors)

  11. Richard Phillips Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ARTICLE-IN-A-BOX. 797. RESONANCE │ September 2011. The war years interrupted the efforts of both Feynman and Schwinger to tackle the divergence problems in quantum electrodynamics, another of Dirac's pioneering creations from 1927. In 1965 the Physics Nobel Prize was shared by the two of them and Sin-Ichiro ...

  12. Richard Phillips Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    store for anyone who dares to follow the beat of a different drum..” – Julian Schwinger. “… the most original mind of his generation.” – Freeman ... conversation with Herbert Jehle in 1941 that led Feynman to a seminal 1933 paper of Dirac in which he had drawn attention to an analogy between the classical action principle, ...

  13. Friend, Prof. Sir Richard

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 18 January 1953. Address: Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK Contact: Office: (+44-1223) 337 218. Email: rhf10@cam.ac.uk. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three ...

  14. Friend, Prof. Sir Richard

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 18 January 1953. Address: Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK Contact: Office: (+44-1223) 337 218. Email: rhf10@cam.ac.uk. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the ...

  15. Zare, Prof. Richard N

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 19 November 1939. Address: Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5080, USA Contact: Email: zare@stanford.edu. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be ...

  16. Zare, Prof. Richard N

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 19 November 1939. Address: Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5080, USA Contact: Email: zare@stanford.edu. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of ...

  17. Lt Richard Gueli

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Win98SE

    the present Charter shall authorise the [UN] to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction ... Beyond this, the role of the UN in this 'new world disorder' has been unclear, ...... for the sanctity of human life, condemnation and rejection, acts of terrorism and subversive activities; and condemnation ...

  18. Askey, Prof. Richard Allen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of India on the teaching of the theory of evolution more... ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: How Things Break – The Mechanics of Dynamic Fracture. Posted on 16th February 2018. SPEAKER: Prof.

  19. [Richard C. M. Mole: The Baltic states from the Soviet Union to the European Union. Identity, discourse and power in the post-communist transition of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania] / Karsten Brüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Mole, Richard C. M. The Baltic States from the Soviet Union to the European Union : identity, discourse and power in the post-communist transition of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London ; New York : Routledge, 2012, 2013

  20. Measurement of radioactivity concentration in soil samples around phosphate rock storage facility in Richards Bay, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.B. Masok

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Mining, mineral processing and industrial activities have long been linked to increased levels of radioanuclides in soil in their vicinity. In this work, concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides in soil samples collected around a rock phosphate storage facility in Richards Bay in South Africa were determined. A total of 90 soil samples were collected and analyzed for 238U and 232Th using neutron activation analysis and 226Ra and 4 K using a HPGe detector. The results revealed the average radioactivity concentrations of 238U, 232Th, 226Ra and 4 K in soil samples collected around the rock phosphate storage area were 28.26 ± 11.40, 29.64 ± 11.50, 32.18 ± 11.50 and 146.77 ± 63.30 Bq. kg−1, respectively, which are higher than the corresponding values of 22.26 ± 8.60, 23.09 ± 9.80, 26.52 ± 11.50 and 117.82 ± 10.04 Bq. kg−1 in soil samples from the control area about 2.0 km–4.5 km away from the rock phosphate storage facility. Furthermore, the all radiological hazard parameters (i.e annual effective dose equivalent, annual gonadal dose equivalent, the absorbed dose rate in air, the radium equivalent activity and the external Hazard Index investigated in this study were below the maximum recommended safety limit. The observed 238U, 232Th, 226Ra and 4 K levels indicate contributions from anthropogenic activities with no significant health risks to humans or to the environment. Hence, in terms of terrestrial gamma radiation from soil, rock phosphate storage within this area does not pose any significant radiation hazard to the workers and dwellers.

  1. La influencia de la épica de África central en Le chant de So de Richard M. Keuko

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Enrique Montes Nogales

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available For his last novel, Cameroonian writer Richard M. Keuko, drew inspiration from African traditions and, chiefly, from epic narratives originating in Central Africa that continue to spark great interest in local communities. The protagonist of the story fleshes out the specific traits of the epic hero, which is why the narrator, following suit the ancient bards’ tradition, emphasizes his courage, strength, pride and moral superiority. Further features such as the dialogic structure of the text –which enables the narrator to address the reader directly– and the inclusion of a number of oral texts, rally this work with the epic genre.

  2. Thinking through war: the social thought of Richard T. Ely, John R. Commons, and Edward A. Ross during the First World War.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzberg, D L

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the social thought of University of Wisconsin professors Richard T. Ely, John R. Commons, and Edward A. Ross during World War I. Like many of their fellow scholars, these three were actively involved in the pro-war effort. Although their support for the war was strongly conditioned by personal and occupational considerations, the impact of their wartime service was not restricted to those realms. Their social thought, which they impressed into service explaining and justifying the war, was itself altered in subtle and sometimes surprising ways by the forceful positions they took on the political, economic, and racial significance of the conflict. Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  3. J.M. Gratale on Tore T. Petersen’s Richard Nixon, Great Britain and the Anglo-American Alignment in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Peninsula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Tore T. Petersen. Richard Nixon, Great Britain and the Anglo-American Alignment in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Peninsula: Making Allies out of Clients. Sussex Academic Press, 2009.  172pp.  978-1-84519-277-8.Since the events of 9-11 there has been a sizeable quantity of books published on American foreign policy in broad terms, as well as more focused studies on contemporary developments in southwest Asia, more commonly referred to as the Middle East. Many of these volumes are highly politic...

  4. Três décadas de genes egoístas: Discutindo algumas premissas do best seller de Richard Dawkins

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Eduardo Paiva de Pontes; Chaves, Silvia Nogueira

    2011-01-01

    O presente trabalho resgata algumas idéias do biólogo evolucionista Richard Dawkins, apresentadas pela primeira vez em seu best-seller O Gene Egoísta (The Selfish Gene), de 1976. O caráter polêmico de algumas concepções ultradarwinistas e sociobiológicas da obra é campo fértil para o embate de idéias, revelando um universo rico para discussões em diversas frentes, especialmente aquelas que podem se desenvolver na formação crítica de alguns profissionais vinculados á ciências biológicas, socio...

  5. Escatologia e história em Richard Shaull: a narrativa mítico-teológica entre a memória e o futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Érico Huff Júnior

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo. O texto pretende pensar a produção da teologia da revolução de Richard Shaull no encontro entre escatologia e história. A partir de um breve relato dos anos de Shaull no Brasil, passa-se à análise das principais ideias teológicas que conduziram Shaull à formulação de uma assim chamada teologia da revolução. Finalmente, propõe-se uma chave interpretativa para a história da teologia, a partir de um diálogo com Reinhart Koselleck e Mircea Eliade.

  6. Espíritos cheios de bichos: A fauna nas viagens de Louis Agassiz e Richard Francis Burton pelo Brasil oitocentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Zito Losada

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil do século XIX foi alvo de inúmeras viagens realizadas por cientistas estrangeiros. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as impressões sobre a fauna brasileira presentes nos relatos das viagens realizadas pelo naturalista suíço Louis Agassiz, em 1865, e pelo explorador inglês Richard Francis Burton, em 1868. Destes relatos privilegiam-se as descrições do meio natural de diferentes regiões brasileiras e das particularidades da fauna silvestre por eles encontrada.

  7. X-24B on Lakebed with Research Pilots Einar Enevoldson, John Manke, Richard Scobee, Tom McMurtry, Bi

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    This 1976 photo shows the X-24B on the Rogers Dry Lake, adjacent to the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, with research pilots Einar Enevoldson, John Manke, Richard Scobee, Tom McMurtry, Bill Dana, and Michael Love in front of it. Scobee went on to become an astronaut in NASA's Space Shuttle program and perished in the explosion of the Space Shuttle orbiter 'Challenger' in 1986. The X-24 was one of a group of lifting bodies flown by the NASA Flight Research Center (now Dryden Flight Research Center), Edwards, California, in a joint program with the U.S. Air Force at Edwards Air Force Base from 1963 to 1975. The lifting bodies were used to demonstrate the ability of pilots to maneuver and safely land wingless vehicles designed to fly back to Earth from space and be landed like an airplane at a predetermined site. Lifting bodies' aerodynamic lift, essential to flight in the atmosphere, was obtained from their shape. The addition of fins and control surfaces allowed the pilots to stabilize and control the vehicles and regulate their flight paths. Built by Martin Aircraft Company, Maryland, for the U.S. Air Force, the X-24A was a bulbous vehicle shaped like a teardrop with three vertical fins at the rear for directional control. It weighed 6,270 pounds, was 24.5 feet long and 11.5 feet wide (measuring just the fuselage, not the distance between the tips of the outboard fins). Its first unpowered glide flight was on April 17, 1969, with Air Force Maj. Jerauld Gentry at the controls. Gentry also piloted its first powered flight on March 19, 1970. The X-24A was flown 28 times in the program that, like the HL-10, validated the concept that a Space Shuttle vehicle could be landed unpowered. The fastest speed achieved by the X-24A was 1,036 miles per hour (mph-Mach 1.6). Its maximum altitude was 71,400 feet. It was powered by an XLR-11 rocket engine with a maximum theoretical vacuum thrust of 8,480 pounds. The X-24A was later modified into the X-24B

  8. O neopragmatismo de Richard Rorty e a reflexão política contemporânea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Eduardo Ferraz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina o pensamento filosófico de Richard Rorty e, em particular, sua dimensão política, delineando seu tratamento original e crítico de temas centrais à teoria política contemporânea. O objetivo do texto é triplo: chamar a atenção para a fertilidade das ideias de um autor ainda pouco lido no Brasil (i, assinalar as notáveis consequências corrosivas da abordagem rortyana para pressupostos e pretensões fundantes de importantes vertentes da teoria política (ii, e, numa ótica mais positiva, apontar o potencial inspirador dos escritos desse autor para a reflexão sobre novos modos de justificação da democracia (iii. Salientam-se também, nesse último caso, os limites impostos a esse tipo de empreitada político-intelectual. A abordagem empregada consiste em demarcar os contornos gerais do projeto filosófico do autor, seguindo-se uma apresentação dos tópicos mais propriamente políticos da obra de Rorty. Mais especificamente, o artigo explora a proposta rortyana de substituição da noção de verdade pela de justificação, assinalando-se suas consequências para pretensões de verdade, objetividade e universalismo, presentes em diversas linhas da teoria política. Nesse veio, o artigo discute as eventuais implicações relativistas das teses rortyanas, chegando-se, por essa rota, às ideias de contingência, imaginação e persuasão, núcleos conceituais vitais à reflexão em tela. Um breve contraste com posições de autores como Habermas e Rawls, caros ao próprio Rorty, é esboçado no propósito de tornar mais clara a especificidade da abordagem rortyana da política. Transitando, do modo assinalado, por esses tópicos, o texto resulta em um panorama sintético da perspectiva rortyana acerca do que vem a ser, contemporaneamente, uma "política democrática", liberta de "universalismos" e "objetividades", na qual ganham estatuto decisivo questões de justificação, tolerância e coexist

  9. Synthesis of novel spiro-β-lactams

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Since β-lactam antibiotics are a group of drugs of unparallel importance in chemotherapy, consider- able efforts have been made in the development of novel and biologically more active compounds. The search for improved antibiotics also includes design- ing of new methodology for the total synthesis as well as the ...

  10. (R,S-2′-Amino-6′-methyl-2,5′,5′-trioxo-6′H-spiro[indoline-3,4′-pyrano[3,2-c][2,1]benzothiazine]-3′-carbonitrile dimethylformamide monosolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svitlana V. Shishkina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The title solvate, C20H14N4O4S·C3H7NO, comprises a stereogenic centre but the centrosymmetric space group causes the presence of the racemate in the crystal. The spiro-joined fragments are almost orthogonal, with a dihedral angle of 86.8 (2° between the mean planes of the pyrane ring and the dihydroindolone ring system. The atoms of the indolinone bicycle are coplanar, with an r.m.s. deviation of 0.005 Å. In the crystal, pairs of N—H...O hydrogen bonds link the molecules into centrosymmetric dimers which are linked to the dimethylformamide solvent molecules by further N—H...O hydrogen bonds. N—H...N hydrogen bonds link neighbouring dimers into [010] chains.

  11. [A zoologist on a different path--Richard B. Goldschmidt (1878-1958) as sexuality researcher and his reception by the Third Reich].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, F

    2001-01-01

    At the beginning of 20th century, genetic research was carried out by many different branches of science. Biology, zoology, medicine, psychiatry, and psychology took part, so some results were a mixture of the involved sciences and not pure genetic. One researcher, who used his experiences from zoology to explain sexual orientation in the human race, was Richard B. Goldschmidt (1878-1958). He published several articles between 1916 and 1927 on this topic before he reconsidered his own theses. Greatest feedback he became during the Third Reich. Although being Jewish he became professor for life in autumn 1933. When he left Berlin for Berkeley in 1936, he began a new scientific career, leaving all old theories and ideologies behind. But his "Umwandlungsmännchen"-theory was restarted by some German psychiatrists to explain homosexuality. One of these men was Theo Lang (1898-1957), who was allowed to publish his articles in the USA and in Switzerland. Lang had been one of the founders of the association of Nazi doctors and was a member of the SA. Moreover, after 1945 during Denazification he was allowed to call for Richard Goldschmidt as witness for his own defence.

  12. The Mysterious Fall of Soeharto: A Genre Analysis of Richard Mann’s Plots and Schemes that Brought Down Soeharto (PSBDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Purwanto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The real cause of Soeharto’s fall from the Indonesian presidency remains a mystery. Richard Mann (1998 launched three significant rhetorical questions: (a Was President Soeharto toppled by student demonstrators and people’s power? (b Was he brought down by the withdrawal of support from the United States? (c Or, was his sudden fall brought about by all of the two plus large doses of Oriental plotting and scheming? This article attempts to analyze Richard Mann’s PSBDS in terms of its macrostructure in order to find out the real cause of Soeharto’s fall. The analysis is substantiated by different resources as linguistic evidences, to justify the validity of the findings. The study revealed a proposition that critical reading is the key to successful comprehension of a text which may include a crosschecking with other resources, a careful identification of the generic structure of a text, and paying attention to how an author positions his or her readers. The article concludes, that in fact, Soeharto resigned from presidency on his own wisdom in order to avoid more bloodshed in Indonesian dreamland.

  13. Exact and grid-free solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards traffic flow model with bounded acceleration for a class of fundamental diagrams

    KAUST Repository

    Qiu, Shanwen

    2013-09-01

    In this article, we propose a new exact and grid-free numerical scheme for computing solutions associated with an hybrid traffic flow model based on the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards (LWR) partial differential equation, for a class of fundamental diagrams. In this hybrid flow model, the vehicles satisfy the LWR equation whenever possible, and have a constant acceleration otherwise. We first propose a mathematical definition of the solution as a minimization problem. We use this formulation to build a grid-free solution method for this model based on the minimization of component function. We then derive these component functions analytically for triangular fundamental diagrams, which are commonly used to model traffic flow. We also show that the proposed computational method can handle fixed or moving bottlenecks. A toolbox implementation of the resulting algorithm is briefly discussed, and posted at https://dl.dropbox.com/u/1318701/Toolbox.zip. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  14. Cournand's and Richards' Post-Nobel Challenge: "Do Anything on the Structure of the Lung That Is of Interest for Physiology".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weibel, Ewald R

    2018-02-01

    In their Nobel Lectures of 1956, the two cardiopulmonary physiologists André Cournand and Dickinson Richards described the future projects that they considered important for rounding up their impressive scientific achievements. One of them called for work that brought together structure and function of the lung in a systematic way. They challenged a young anatomist to undertake this in their cardiopulmonary laboratory at Bellevue Hospital. The first steps established the need for quantitative information on the structures that form the pulmonary gas exchanger as well as the airway tree. This resulted in a new approach to lung anatomy: morphometry would provide the quantitative information for modeling structure-function relations in the lung, and eventually in the entire respiratory system, thus allowing a rational analysis of how structures affect or limit functions.

  15. An Exact and Grid-free Numerical Scheme for the Hybrid Two Phase Traffic Flow Model Based on the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards Model with Bounded Acceleration

    KAUST Repository

    Qiu, Shanwen

    2012-07-01

    In this article, we propose a new grid-free and exact solution method for computing solutions associated with an hybrid traffic flow model based on the Lighthill- Whitham-Richards (LWR) partial differential equation. In this hybrid flow model, the vehicles satisfy the LWR equation whenever possible, and have a fixed acceleration otherwise. We first present a grid-free solution method for the LWR equation based on the minimization of component functions. We then show that this solution method can be extended to compute the solutions to the hybrid model by proper modification of the component functions, for any concave fundamental diagram. We derive these functions analytically for the specific case of a triangular fundamental diagram. We also show that the proposed computational method can handle fixed or moving bottlenecks.

  16. Imitating Jesus, yes – but which Jesus? A critical engagement with the ethics of Richard Burridge in Imitating Jesus: An inclusive approach to New Testament ethics (2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan A. Draper

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the attempt by Richard Burridge in his recent book, Imitating Jesus: An inclusive approach to New Testament ethics (2007, to build an engaged Christian ethics starting with the historical Jesus but taking full account of the insights into the perspectives of the four gospels in their own right, based on their genre as Greek bioi. While Burridge’s approach is applauded and regarded as a major step forward, it is critiqued here on his selectivity in his presentation of the results of two decades of research into the Jesus of history. Burridge’s selection of the South African experience in the struggle against apartheid as his ‘test case’ is also questioned, since the issues in such struggles for justice appear more straightforward to outsiders than they do to insiders and his analysis raises more questions than it answers.

  17. Synthesis of spiro[pyrazolo[3,4-b] pyridine-4,3 -indoline] and spiro ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    widely distributed structural framework present in a number of pharmaceuticals and natural products,12 including such cytostatic alkaloids as spirotryprostatins. A,13 B14 and strychnophylline.15 The unique structural array and highly pronounced pharmacological activity displayed by the class of spirooxindole compounds.

  18. Will the real Robert Neville please, come out? Vampirism, the ethics of queer monstrosity, and capitalism in Richard Matheson's I am legend?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khader, Jamil

    2013-01-01

    In this article, I argue that Richard Matheson's (1954) vampire novella, I Am Legend, encodes the protagonist's, Robert Neville, traumatic recognition of his queer sexuality in its monstrosity (the unspeakability of male penetrability). Neville's identification with and desire for his undead neighbor, Ben Cortman, are symbolically codified through three different registers: intertextual references to vampiric conventions and codes, the semiotics of queer subculture, and a structure of doubling that links Neville to the queer vampire. Although Neville avoids encountering his unspeakable queer desire, which could be represented only at the level of the Lacanian Real, he must still confront Cortman's obsessive exhortations for him to come out. Only when he symbolically codifies his abnormality in its own monstrosity, by viewing himself through mutant vampires' eyes, can Neville reconfigure the ethical relationship between self and other, humans and mutant humans-vampires. However progressive Matheson's novella is in its advocacy of minority sexual rights, it still renders capitalism's problematic relationship with queer subjectivity invisible. Although capitalism overdetermines every aspect of the social field and makes Neville's daily life possible in its surplus enjoyment, the fundamental antagonism (class struggle) in capitalism is obscured by the assertion of identity politics.

  19. Energy world governance. Review of the conference which was held at IFRI, 26 March 2009, with Tatsuo Masuda, Andre Mernier et Richard H. Jones

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schulke, Ch.

    2009-01-01

    The conference was related with some of the major questions concerning global energy governance today, the role of the different international organizations dealing with energy, the rules of the game between market and state players, the efforts to deal with climate change, and the integration of emerging countries in global energy governance, the roles of the different international organizations dealing with energy (will we see further fragmentation or more cooperation between them?). Tatsuo Masuda in his contribution discussed global energy governance from an oil perspective. Andre Mernier noted the particular nature of the Energy Charter, which, as it is founded upon an international treaty, is unlike other organizations in being legally binding. The legal basis of the organization means that agreements are especially powerful. Then Richard H. Jones underlined that last summer's volatility in oil markets, the ensuing financial and economic crisis, the major disruption in gas supplies to European markets this winter and the upcoming climate change negotiations have led to increasing calls for a stronger global dialogue on energy issues. This dialogue should deal with prices and investment, energy security and climate change

  20. La chiesa di Richard Meier a Tor Tre Teste e il suo contributo al consolidamento identitario dei nuovi quartieri romani oltre il GRA / The church designed by Richard Meier in Tor Tre Teste and the identity consolidation in the new roman neighbourhoods beyond the Great Circular Road

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Bonaccorso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo proposto ha l’obiettivo di analizzare alcuni significativi brani del tessuto urbano della periferia est di Roma, adottando metodi interpretativi legati alla storia, alla società, alla programmazione urbanistica e alla costruzione. Gli aspetti salienti del quadrante orientale della periferia romana verranno così delineati partendo “dal di dentro”, sottolineandone i percorsi, gli spazi e i nuclei compositivi che sono all’origine della struttura e della forma stessa dei quartieri disposti a cavallo del Grande Raccordo Anulare. In questo ambito, si pone l’attenzione su alcuni episodi chiave che vedono protagoniste le nuove chiese che riescono a creare una centralità all’interno dei quartieri periferici sostituendo le biblioteche, le piazze e i centri commerciali.  Analizzando da vicino questi esempi, si scopre come di recente sono state realizzate chiese firmate da architetti di fama internazionale proprio allo scopo di rafforzare, o meglio di costruire, un fattore identitario per ciascun quartiere ubicato nel settore orientale della città. Partendo quindi dal generale si arriva a indagare una chiesa e un quartiere che possono essere considerati un modello da seguire per tutta la periferia a ridosso del GRA: la chiesa giubilare di Dio Padre Misericordioso progettata da Richard Meier nel quartiere di Tor Tre Teste. La sequenzialità degli eventi che hanno contraddistinto il concorso per la progettazione della chiesa, la scelta della proposta di Richard Meier, la complessità del cantiere, l’analisi tecnica, stilistica e simbolica della realizzazione finale sono quindi analizzate nell’ambito del rapporto con il quartiere e del tentativo di realizzare (attraverso di essa un centro di attrazione per tutta la periferia.   The article analyses some significant parts of the urban tissue at the eastern periphery of Rome, using the interpretative methods inherent to history, society, urban programming and construction

  1. Digging into the Past, Exploring the Present: Richard Flanagan’s Gould’s Book of Fish: A Novel in Twelve Fish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Renata Dolce

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This paper will analyze the ‘historical’ novel Gould’s Book of Fish (2001 by the Tasmanian writer Richard Flanagan with the aim of reflecting upon the power of the creative word as a means to forge reality, shape identities, mask or unmask truths, and also to prefigure a different, alternative world order based on commonly negotiated and thus shared values. The postmodernist revisiting of the traditional genre of the historical novel does not compromise the postcolonial commitment of the writer: Flanagan’s incursions into the Australian colonial past are informed by his concern for urgent social and political causes which has characterized his unswerving fight against all systems of inequality and exploitation. In his novel, the subversion of the linear causal relation of events which calls into question the truthfulness and objectivity of history, together with the foregrounded metanarrative reflection on the art of writing, contribute to the revisiting and re-discussing of the myth of progress and the cult of rationality at the very roots of Western civilization and of its imperialistic enterprise. Flanagan’s ‘anti-historical’ historical novel tackles urgent questions about modernity interrogating the founding narratives of the Australian national identity, in order to explore the uncontrollable and shifting areas of the contemporary ‘transnation’ in which the traditional categories shaping subjectivities are disrupted. As the paper will demonstrate, the writer digs into the past of his nation not simply in order to unravel its hidden histories but to detect the profound, inextricable interconnections with the present across different times and spaces. Feelings and experiences that exist above and beyond historical contingencies and cultural differences represent the writer’s privileged area of investigation as they trespass upon conventional and artificial boundaries revealing what it is that makes us all

  2. Flinging a New Star: “Fire and Cloud” and “Bright and Morning Star” as Reflections of Richard Wright’s Changing Relationship with Communism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April Conley Kilinski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Richard Wright's collection of short novella's, Uncle Tom's Children, was originally published in 1938; in 1940, after the success of Native Son, a new printing of the text appeared with two additions. The first was the introductory essay entitled "The Ethics of Living Jim Crow," which was written in 1937, and later served as part of Black Boy. The second was the novella "Bright and Morning Star." Michel Fabre notes that Harper's Magazine rejected this story, "but since it fit Party specifications even better than had the four previous stories, New Masses published it as part of a special literary supplement on May 10, [1938]" (164 . In fact, perhaps because New Masses originally published the final story, critical attention to the revised edition of book almost exclusively posits that the 1940 edition reflects Wright's commitment to Communism at the time. However, several of Wright's other writings-including the introductory essay to the 1940 edition, "The Ethics of Living Jim Crow;" "Blue print for Negro Writing," first published in New Challenge in the fall of 1937; "I Tried to be a Communist," first published in Atlantic Monthly in August and September 1944; and his responses to the Communist party's review of Native Son in 1940-also indicate that his focus in the late 1930s was more on the development of an individual black consciousness than on advancing the causes of the Communist party. By juxtaposing the final two stories, "Fire and Cloud" and "Bright and Morning Star," and considering them in terms of the other writings indicated above, I argue that the 1940 edition of Uncle Tom's Children (with the two additions demonstrates Wright's growing ambivalence with the Communist Party between the years of 1937 and 1940.

  3. Beyond the Soundtrack: Representing Music in Cinema, a cura di Daniel Goldmark, Lawrence Kramer e Richard Leppert, Berkeley, University of California Press, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Finocchiaro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Beyond the Soundtrack: Representing Music in Cinema (edited by Daniel Goldmark, Lawrence Kramer and Richard Leppert, Berkeley, University of California Press, 2007, viii-324 pp. offers sixteen essays of various authors about film music. These papers were presented in 2004 in a study congress at the University of Minnesota. In introducing the book, the editors assert an assumption, today broadly accepted: indeed they affirm, that music has traditionally been regarded as a subordinate element in cinematographic text: film music literature still has a marginal position in the much larger field of film studies which focuses on image, narrative, film history. In this theoretical and historiographic context, the expression “Beyond the Soundtrack” is meant to be more than a title: it is the manifesto of a conceptual shift. We can summarize this change in reconsidering the importance of film music, in order to understand a movie not only as a visual, but also as a musical medium. The change of paradigm brings renewed questions and completely new issues. If we abandon the assumption, at this point obsolete, that film music has a mere functional role, it will be necessary to ask not how to conceptualize the use of music in film, but rather how the film conceptualizes music: how films imagine music, how films represent music as an artistic and social phenomenon, and how films position music as an integral parts of a fictional world. Such questions aim to consider film music not as an atmospheric expedient, but «as an agent, a force, and an object engaged in ongoing negotiations with image, narrative, and context», as the editors assert at the very beginning of their book.

  4. Richard R. John, Network Nation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David

    2011-01-01

    Favorable review of this 520 page work, which shows that mass communications are not anonymous agents of change, but culturally constructed through a continual process of technical choice and political negotiation.......Favorable review of this 520 page work, which shows that mass communications are not anonymous agents of change, but culturally constructed through a continual process of technical choice and political negotiation....

  5. Kadunud linna otsinguil / Richard Woods

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Woods, Richard

    2000-01-01

    University of East Londoni arheoloogiatudeng Alan Robinson leidis 1998. a. Mehhiko dzhunglist umbes aastatest 600-900 pKr pärineva linna, mis katab 12 ruutmiili suuruse ala. Seni on leitud 11 väljakut, 10 püramiidikujulist ehitist, 6 ümmargust ehitist, 11 sammast.

  6. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) | Richards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly being employed in South African intensive care units for the management of patients with refractory hypoxaemia and for haemodynamic support, particularly following cardiothoracic procedures. ECMO is expensive, however, and there is a danger that this ...

  7. Beckett elab edasi / Richard Brooks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brooks, Richard

    2001-01-01

    Dublini Gate Theatre, Blue Angel Films, RTE ja Channel 4 on jäädvustanud üheks telesarjaks kõik 19 Samuel Becketi näidendit. Mõnest filmist pikemalt, näiteks John Gielgudi kuu aega enne surma tehtud rollist David Mameti lavastatud "Katastroofis"

  8. The "dirty weather" diaries of Reverend Richard Davis: insights about early colonial-era meteorology and climate variability for northern New Zealand, 1839-1851

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorrey, Andrew M.; Chappell, Petra R.

    2016-03-01

    Reverend Richard Davis (1790-1863) was a colonial-era missionary stationed in the Far North of New Zealand who was a key figure in the early efforts of the Church Mission Society. He kept meticulous meteorological records for the early settlements of Waimate North and Kaikohe, and his observations are preserved in a two-volume set in the Sir George Grey Special Collections in the Auckland Central Library. The Davis diary volumes are significant because they constitute some of the earliest land-based meteorological measurements that were continually chronicled for New Zealand. The diary measurements cover nine years within the 1839-1851 time span that are broken into two parts: 1839-1844 and 1848-1851. Davis' meteorological recordings include daily 9 a.m. and noon temperatures and midday pressure measurements. Qualitative comments in the diary note prevailing wind flow, wind strength, cloud cover, climate variability impacts, bio-indicators suggestive of drought, and notes on extreme weather events. "Dirty weather" comments scattered throughout the diary describe disturbed conditions with strong winds and driving rainfall. The Davis diary entries coincide with the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA) and they indicate southerly and westerly circulation influences and cooler winter temperatures were more frequent than today. A comparison of climate field reconstructions derived from the Davis diary data and tree-ring-based winter temperature reconstructions are supported by tropical coral palaeotemperature evidence. Davis' pressure measurements were corroborated using ship log data from vessels associated with iconic Antarctic exploration voyages that were anchored in the Bay of Islands, and suggest the pressure series he recorded are robust and can be used as "station data". The Reverend Davis meteorological data are expected to make a significant contribution to the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions across the Earth (ACRE) project, which feeds the major data

  9. Modeling Large Water Infiltration Events in Small Plots Using the 1-D Finite Water-content Method and Numerical Solutions to the Richards' Equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, A.; Dahlke, H. E.

    2015-12-01

    The ability of soil to infiltrate large volumes of water is fundamental to managed aquifer recharge (MAR) when using infiltration basins or agricultural fields. In order to investigate the feasibility of using agricultural fields for MAR we conducted a field experiment designed to not only assess the resilience of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) to large (300 mm), short duration (1.5 hour), repeated irrigation events during the winter but also how crop resilience was influenced by soil water movement. We hypothesized that large irrigation amounts designed for groundwater recharge could cause prolonged saturated conditions in the root-zone and yield loss. Tensiometers were installed at two depths (60 and 150 cm) in a loam soil to monitor the changes in soil matric potential within and below the root-zone following irrigation events in each of five experimental plots (8 x 16 m2). To simulate the individual infiltration events we employed the HYDRUS-1D computational module (Simunek et al., 2005) and compared the finite-water content vadose zone flow method (Ogden et al. 2015) with numerical solutions to the Richards' equation. For both models we assumed a homogenous and isotropic root zone that is initially unsaturated with no water flow. Here we assess the ability of these two models to account for the control volume applied to the plots and to capture sharp changes in matric potential that were observed in the early time after an irrigation pulse. The goodness-of-fit of the models was evaluated using the root mean square error (RMSE) for observed and predicted values of cumulative infiltration over time, wetting front depth over time and water content at observation nodes. For the finite-water content method, the RMSE values and output for observation nodes were similar to that from the HYDRUS-1D solution. This indicates that the finite-water content method may be useful for predicting the fate of large volumes of water applied for MAR. Moreover, both models suggest a

  10. Je me souviens de tout, Richard (Rolands Kalniņš, Studio de Riga, 1967 : une manifestation précoce d'une mémoire concurrente de la Grande Guerre patriotique I Remember Everything, Richard (Rolands Kalniņš, Riga Film Studio, 1967: A Precocious Manifestation of a Competing Memory with the Great Patriotic War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Denis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available It is usually said that the memory of the war period had been completely reversed in the former Soviet borderlands since the collapse of the USSR, turning former “traitors” into heroes or victims. However, attempts to set up a new approach of the Nazi occupation and collaboration are rooted in the “Thaw” period. I remember everything, Richard – dealing with the Latvian legion, started to be considered in 1957. That coincided both with the massive return of the Latvian deportees from Siberia, and with a renewal of trials against war criminals. Produced only in 1966, the film reflected the social tensions going along with the sensitive topic, and presented a point of view far more nuanced than the official figure of the “Latvian traitor” imposed during the Stalinist period. Based on interviews, archival material and film analysis, this article aims at understanding through the film-making process the connection between the deep changes of the political meaning of the war period, and the social composition of film production.

  11. O diálogo da tradição e da renovação sobre a montagem de Tristão e Isolda de Richard Wagner por Peter Konwitschny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Sobreira Martins

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A presente comunicação busca fazer uma leitura da montagem de Peter Konwitschny do drama musical Tristan und Isolde, do compositor alemão Richard Wagner encenada no Teatro Nacional de Munique durante o Festival de Ópera de Munique de 1998, considerando-o como uma revisão pós-moderna que busca romper com a tradição de encenações wagnerianas, trazendo o conteúdo do drama de Wagner para nosso contexto atual; essa leitura será feita à luz das propostas de Christopher Innes e Artaud sobre a representação teatral e as leituras de Homi Bhabha e Michel Foucault sobre a pós-modernidade.

  12. [Richard Freiherr v. Krafft-Ebing and Sigmund Freud--discourse on the "normality" and "perversion" of human sexuality at the close of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapfhammer, Hans-Peter

    2015-01-01

    Sexuality has been defined a central feature of personal identity since the epoch of enlightenment and has gradually become a decisive issue also in societal and political terms. A major transfer from religion and religious institutions to medicine and medical experts and later on to neuropsychiatrists has to be underlined in the primary position to assess "normal" and "deviant" manifestations of sexuality. Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing and Sigmund Freund play an eminent role in this "discourse on sexuality" (M. Foucault) during the nineteenth and beginning twentieth century on the way to modern sexology. Within this overarching context Krafft-Ebing's and Freud's theoretical conceptualizations of sexuality and perversion will be sketched and basic clinical and societal implications there out will be discussed.

  13. Formation of novel spiro, spiroansa and dispiroansa derivatives of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    49 421. 13. Cros S, Faucher J P, Francois G, Labarre J F, Levy G and Sournies F Eur. J. Cancer submitted for publica- tion. These tests were performed at-the Laboratoire de Toxicologie et Pharmacologie Fondamentales du. CNRS, Toulouse. 14. Yildiz M, Yilmaz S and Dölger B 2007 Russian J. General Chem. 77 12 2117.

  14. Hopes against Hobbes: On Authoritarianism, Regime Legitimation and Soft Power with a Review of Richard C. Bush’s Hong Kong in the Shadow of China: Living with the Leviathan (2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emile Kok-Kheng Yeoh

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Richard C. Bush’s Hong Kong in the shadow of China: Living with the Leviathan (2016 represents an important study on post-“Handover” Hong Kong focusing on the making of the 2014 Occupy Campaign and Umbrella Movement and the impact on the coming development in politics, governance and economy of Hong Kong, taking into consideration China’s Hong Kong policy and the response of the Hong Kong people as well as the perspectives of Taiwan and the United States. This article, while reviewing the book, also provides a detailed analysis of the wider implications of the issues the author of the book has raised as regards Hong Kong – as China’s policy approach towards Hong Kong and by extension Taiwan and the struggle of the Hong Kong people, as well as the Taiwan people, to protect the political freedom and democratic rights they aspire to maintain (in the case of Hong Kong and that they have fought hard to secure (in Taiwan have impacts that reach far beyond Hong Kong and Taiwan in the light of the PRC’s current relentless global projection, riding on the wave of her economic miracle, of her hard and so-called “soft” power in a through an intricate nexus of her domestic and foreign policies that not only serves to strengthen domestic governance and enhance international influence but also involves extraterritorial actions to maintain CCP’s one-party authoritarianism.

  15. Book Review: The future of spacetime. Stephen William Hawking (ed.); Kip S. Thorne, Igor Novikov, Timothy Ferris, Alan Lightman, and Richard Price, W.W. Norton & Company, 2002, 224 pp., US 25.95, ISBN 0393020223

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeenk, Chris

    2003-12-01

    The study of Einstein's theory of general relativity experienced a renaissance beginning in the early 1960s. Prior to this resurgence of interest, general relativity was isolated from mainstream physics-admired for its elegance, perhaps, but only from a distance. The generation of students who risked their careers by entering this neglected field has now reached the age of festschrifts. In June of 2000, Caltech hosted ;Kipfest,; a conference in honor of Kip Thorne's 60th birthday. Thorne started graduate school at Princeton in 1962 and began research in general relativity under John Wheeler's guidance in the heady early days of the renaissance. Since then, he has played a prominent role in general relativity: as co-author of the influential textbook Gravitation, as a leader in research regarding astrophysical applications of Einstein's theory, and as a co-founder and chief advocate for the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO), to mention a few aspects of his far-reaching work. ;Kipfest; included 14 speakers discussing fields to which Thorne has contributed. But the conference also reflected Thorne's long-standing commitment to communicating science to a general audience: Igor Novikov, Stephen Hawking, Timothy Ferris, and Alan Lightman gave popular talks at ;Kipfest,; with Thorne himself tricked into delivering a fifth. The Future of Spacetime gathers adaptations of these five lectures, along with a lengthy introductory essay by Richard Price.

  16. Czy neopragmatyzm jest transcendentalizmem? Rozważania na tle filozofii Richarda Rorty’ego i Roberta Brandoma [Is Neopragmatism Transcendentalism? Considerations in the Background of the Philosophy of Robert Brandom and Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Żuromski

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this paper is one of the central problems of philosophy, which isaptly stated by Hilary Putnam: “How does mind/language hook on to the world?”.This question presupposes a model of knowledge which may be called “the subject--object model of knowledge”. However, contemporary philosophers such as WilfridSellars, Hilary Putnam, Donald Davidson, Richard Rorty, John McDowell, JohnHaugeland and Robert Brandom criticize this traditional model of knowledge. I claimthat at least some versions of neopragmatism look at this problem implicitly assum-ing a transcendental point of view. This istranscendentalism without transcendentalstandpointand can be found in Marek Siemek’s works. This transcendentalismcan be considered in two ways. First, as a therapy – a standpoint that is characteristicof Rorty, who demonstrated that the subject-object model of knowledge is optionaland contingent. Second, as constructivism – this standpoint is represented by Bran-dom, who tries to show that this traditional model is not autonomus.

  17. Staging science on TV: Richard Hammond's Invisible Worlds, Richard Hammond's Miracles of Nature, and Wild Weather with Richard Hammond

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Nigel

    2018-01-01

    This article comprises two distinct parts. The first surveys the problems and aspirations associated with television representations of science. This historical overview contextualizes the second part, which extrapolates from textual analysis of three closely related, high profile, peak-time BBC series. It seeks to demonstrate that, despite massive efforts and a shift in attitudes within the academy towards dissemination of knowledge over the last third of a century, many of them associated w...

  18. 1800-IJBCS-Article-Richard Ouedraogo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Conclusion : Il convient de prioriser les mesures préventives et la prise en charge précoce .... Heslop, 2006). Dans notre contexte, la faible accessibilité aux services de santé spécialisés, pourrait expliquer en partie l'importance de cette incidence. En effet, la ... contrefaçon « médicaments de la rue », se sont révélées peu ...

  19. Obituary: Eugene Richard Tomer, 1932-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkl, Charles F.

    2009-01-01

    Dr. Eugene R. Tomer passed away on 2 July 2007 at his home in San Francisco, California. The cause of death was cancer. Tomer was a consulting applied mathematician with a wide range of interests in dynamical astronomy, electromagnetic theory for use in communications, and computational methods of applied mathematics. He was a member of AAS, and the Society for Applied and Industrial Mathematics [SIAM]. With K. H. Prendergast, he co-wrote the influential paper "Self-consistent Models of Elliptical Galaxies," published in the Astronomical Journal 75 (1970), 674-679. This paper has been cited over eighty times. Tomer was born on 13 June 1932. He earned the Ph.D. in Mathematics at the University of California-Berkeley in 1978 (title of dissertation: On the C*-algebra of the Hermite Operator). In 1996 he and A. F. Peterson wrote "Meeting the Challenges Presented by Computational Electromagnetics," a publication of the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, California. This writer met Eugene at the 1992 Annual SIAM meeting in Los Angeles in connection with the Activity Group on Orthogonal Polynomials and Special Functions, which the writer chaired at the time. Eugene volunteered to edit the Newsletter of the group, which he did from July 1992 to July 1995. Thanks to his skills and efforts, the Newsletter became a carefully edited, professional publication. Eugene not only organized a Problems Column, attracting questions in pure and applied mathematics, but he also designed the logo for the group. He gave much time and effort to this service, in an era when copy had to be physically assembled and mailed to SIAM Headquarters. Eventually he felt he had done what he could for the Activity Group. He told me that he hoped the Group would get seriously involved with applications such as in astronomy, physics, and sciences that use special function solutions of differential equations. During Tomer's editorship, we communicated mostly by e-mail, our homes being far apart. He was a good friend to the Group and to me, as much as one can be over a separation of thousands of miles. As well, Eugene was an active amateur radio operator, much appreciated by his local amateur radio community, with call sign WI6X. He left behind family, friends, and one son.

  20. Economic Thinking from Hesiod to Richard Cantillon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Ioan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper makes an analysis between the two effects, considering the general case of an Allen utility function. We can say that about economics that it is a relatively young science, economic and social phenomena we find debated in philosophical thinking of Hesiod Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle. These phenomena were only economic management rules of common affairs of the city. Thus, the study of the economy began to emerge timidly, gaining not only the form that we know it today, but also the importance for a developed society, the very cornerstone of its.

  1. 756-IJBCS-Article-Richard Priso

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    s'établir dans les marécages et même à y cultiver nonobstant les risques. Par ailleurs, les marécages naturels jouent un rôle important dans le traitement des déchets liquides. Ils interceptent l'eau et éliminent les polluants par biodégradation, absorption et échanges ioniques entre les sédiments (Odum, 1996) et jouent un ...

  2. 1098-IJBCS-Article-Hdomihou Richard

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    expérimentation, ont révélé des différences significatives (P < 0,05) à très ... investissements onéreux et que leurs applications régulières ont des incidences ..... l'entremise du Projet NPT/145 basé à la. Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques de.

  3. the watershed case of richard steele

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ing by refusing to comply with military conscription. Particularly noteworthy among these dissenters was ..... plans to refuse to perform military service. During his final year of high school, a teacher ..... fusal to eat meat, he believed, convinced some of the people around him of the sincerity of his conscientious objection.

  4. 1098-IJBCS-Article-Hdomihou Richard

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    mélange d'acide chlorhydrique 2/3 et d'acide nitrique 1/3) puis a été dosé au spectromètre à absorption atomique. Le phosphore total a été déterminé par la méthode de Dabin modifiée qui consiste à une calcination à 550 °C du sol puis ...

  5. the watershed case of richard steele

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    whom the government had forcibly removed from other urban areas. This was a graphic indictment of the ... In a matter of days the blatantly interracial clash stripped away the tranquil veneer of black and white ... of its first actions came in response to a threatened removal of squat- ters near Cape Town. Steele went to the ...

  6. Definition and display of steric, hydrophobic, and hydrogen-bonding properties of ligand binding sites in proteins using Lee and Richards accessible surface: validation of a high-resolution graphical tool for drug design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohacek, R S; McMartin, C

    1992-05-15

    The accessible surface, described by Lee and Richards (the L&R surface: J. Mol. Biol. 1971, 55, 379), has remarkably useful properties for displaying ligand-protein interactions. The surface is placed one van der Waals radius plus one probe radius away from the protein atoms. The ligands are displayed in skeletal form. With a suitable probe radius, those parts of the ligand in good van der Waals contact with the protein binding site are found superimposed on the L&R surface. Display of the surface using parallel contours therefore provides a very powerful guide for interactive drug design because only ligand atoms lying on or close to the surface are in low-energy contact. The ability of the surface to accurately display steric complementarity between ligands and proteins was optimized using data from small molecule crystal structures. The possibility of displaying the chemical specificity of the binding site was also investigated. The surface can be colored to give precise information about chemical specificity. Electrostatic potential, electrostatic gradient, and distance to hydrogen-bonding groups were tested as methods of displaying chemical specificity. The ability of these methods to describe the complementarity actually observed in the interior of proteins was compared. High-resolution crystal data for ribonuclease and trypsin was used. The environment surrounding extended peptide chains in the protein was treated as a virtual binding site. The peptide chain served as a virtual ligand. This large sample of experimental data was used to measure the correlation between type of ligand atom and the calculated property of the nearest binding site surface. The best correlation was obtained using hydrogen-bonding properties of the binding site. Using this parameter the surface could be divided into three separate zones representing the hydrophobic, hydrogen-bond-acceptor, and hydrogen-bond-donor properties of the binding site. The percentage of hydrophobic ligand

  7. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of chiral quaternary N-spiro ammonium bromides with 3',4'-dihydro-1'H-spiro[isoindoline-2,2'-isoquinoline] skeleton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bielawski K

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Krzysztof Bielawski,1 Katarzyna Leszczyńska,2 Zbigniew Kałuża,3 Anna Bielawska,4 Olga Michalak,3 Tamara Daniluk,2 Olga Staszewska-Krajewska,3 Anna Czajkowska,4 Natalia Pawłowska,1 Agnieszka Gornowicz4 1Department of Synthesis and Technology of Drugs, 2Department of Microbiology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, 3Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, 4Department of Biotechnology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland Abstract: A new class of highly functionalized tetrahydroisoquinolines with a quaternary carbon stereocenter was synthesized starting from an easily accessible l-tartaric acid. Nine strains of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Campylobacter jejuni were used for the determination of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC of synthesized compounds. The influence of analyzed compounds on viability and induction of apoptosis in human skin fibroblasts was determined. A majority of the synthesized compounds showed the strongest antibacterial properties toward some gram-negative bacteria (M. catarrhalis and C. jejuni with a high level of selectivity. High antibacterial compounds have bactericidal activity ratio MBC/MIC =4. Our studies also proved that the novel compounds do not possess cytotoxic and proapoptotic potential in normal cells. Keywords: quaternary ammonium compounds, tetrahydroisoquinolines, antimicrobial activity, antibiotic resistance 

  8. Lanthanide Organophosphate Spiro Polymers: Synthesis, Structure, and Magnetocaloric Effect in the Gadolinium Polymer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sandeep K; Bhat, Gulzar A; Murugavel, Ramaswamy

    2017-08-07

    Spirocyclic lanthanide organophosphate polymers, {[Ln(dipp)(dippH)(CH 3 OH)(H 2 O) 2 ](CH 3 OH) 2 } n [Ln = La (1), Ce (2), Pr (3), Nd (4), Sm (5), Eu (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9), Ho (10), Er (11)], have been prepared from the reaction of Ln(NO 3 ) 3 ·xH 2 O with sterically hindered 2,6-diisopropylphenyl phosphate (dippH 2 ) using aqueous NaOH as the base. The one-dimensional chainlike lanthanide (III) organophosphate coordination polymers have been characterized with the aid of analytical and spectroscopic methods. The single crystal structure determination of polymers (2-5 and 7-11) reveals that in these compounds the hydrophobic organic groups of the phosphate provide a protective coating for the inorganic lanthanide phosphate polymeric chain. The encapsulation of inorganic lanthanide phosphate core, which has very low solubility product, within the organic groups assists in the facile crystallization of the polymers. The di- and monoanionic organophosphate ligands dipp 2- and dippH - display [2.111] and [2.110] binding modes, respectively, in 2-5 and 7. However, they exhibit only [2.110] binding mode in the case of 8-11. This results in the formation of two different types of polymers. While the lighter rare-earth metal ions in 2-5 and 7 display eight coordinate biaugmented trigonal prismatic geometry, the heavier rare-earth metal ions in 9-11 exhibit a seven coordinate capped trigonal prismatic environment. The Tb(III) ion in 8 displays distorted pentagonal bipyramidal geometry. Magnetic studies reveal the presence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between the Ln(III) ions through the organophosphate ligand. The isotropic Gd(III) polymer 7 exhibits a maximum entropy change of 17.83 J kg -1 K -1 for a field change of 7.0 T at 2.5 K, which is significant considering the high molecular weight of the organophosphate ligand. These polymers represent the first family of any structurally characterized rare-earth organophosphate polymers derived from monoesters of phosphoric acid.

  9. Ionic liquid-mediated three-component synthesis of fluorinated spiro ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and anti-HIV activities.10 These are also known as anti-radiation agents and used as radiation-sickness drugs.11 Further- more, antibiotic activity of cephalosporins is due to the presence of 1,3-thiazine nucleus.12 As regards chemi- cal viewpoint, 1,3-thiazines are important synthetic intermediates in organic syntheses.13.

  10. Synthesis of spiro[indolo-1,5-benzodiazepines] from 3-acetyl ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    phenylene diamine in ethanol afforded spirobenzo- diazepines (5). In the IR spectrum of compound 5a. (R = H, R1 = R2 = H) the N–H stretching band ob- served at 3435 cm–1 (table 3). The absence of keto- carbonyl stretching confirms the conversion of α,β- unsaturated ketones into spirobenzodiazepines (5). Lactone and ...

  11. Simple synthesis of polyfunctionalized indoline-spiro fused pyran derivatives via an aqueous multicomponent reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dolati, H.; Habibi, A.; Ayatollahi, S.A.M.

    2016-01-01

    The one-pot multicomponent reaction of malononitrile/ethyl cyanoacetate, 1, 3-dicarbonyl compounds, and 1, 2-dicarbonyl moiety (ninhydrin/isatin or acenaphthenequinone) in water and in the attendance of DABCO (1, 4-diazabicyclo (2.2.2) octane) as catalyst to afford related spiropyran derivatives with excellent yields. This environmental friendliness reaction which can be carried out under mild conditions has easy work-up and covers a great range of spiropyran products. (author)

  12. Synthesis of spiro[benzo[h]quinoline-7,3 - indolines] via a three ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . 41 319. 31. Suzuki N 1980 Chem. Pharm. Bull. 28 761. 32. Parakash L, Shaihla M and Mital R L 1989 Pharmazie. 44 490. 33. Heber D, Heers C and Ravens U 1993 Pharmazie 48 537. 34. Rahmati A and Khalesi Z 2012 Tetrahedron 68 8472.

  13. Hydrogen-deuterium exchange in spiro cyclic ketones: a search for intramolecular catalysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hsu, R.C.L.

    1979-01-01

    The synthesis and characterization of 1'-hydroxy-3',3'-dimethylspiro[cyclohexane-1,2'-indan]-4-one (17b), 1'-amino-3',3'-dimethylspiro[cyclohexane-1,2'-indan]4-one (6a), 1'-N,N-dimethylamino-3',3'-dimethylspiro[cyclohexane-1,2'-indan]-4-one (6c) and 1'-[N-ethyl-α(d 2 )-amino]-3'-3'-dimethylspiro[cyclohexane-1,2'-indan]-4-one (6b) are described. The hydrogen-deuterium exchange reactions of aminoketones 6b and 6c with CH 3 OD are too fast to be followed by the mass spectrometric methodology. However, the H/D exchange between hydroxyketone 17b and CH 3 OD is shown to be intramolecularly catalyzed under both basic and neutral conditions. The rate constant for the exchange of C(3)-axial-H in 17b is 35 times greater than the rate constant for the exchange of an axial α-H in 4-t-butylcyclohexanone

  14. An efficient synthesis of spiro-β-lactams having sulfenyl, sulfinyl and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    methylthio-β-lactams, which are synthesized through a Lewis acid mediated C-3 alkylation of the trans-3-chloro-3-methylthio-β- lactams, undergo a facile intrasulfenyl cyclization reaction in the presence of halogens like bromine and iodine.

  15. Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and molecular docking studies of novel spiro-piperidine quinazolinone derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subba Poojari

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available A series of novel substituted quinazolinone derivatives was synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR and LC–MS spectral techniques. The overall results of the antibacterial tests showed that these compounds had better bacteriostatic activity against Gram-positive bacteria than their parent compounds. Furthermore, compounds 5f, 6b and 6f showed potent activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 51299, with MIC values <0.2 μg/mL. Compounds 4e, 5g, 5e and 6c showed excellent activity, with MIC values <0.4 μg/mL. Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (ATCC 35218 and Klebsiella (ATCC 700603 are more resistant to lower concentrations of the synthesized compounds. The anti-inflammatory activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated using the Carrageenan-induced rat Paw oedema method and ibuprofen as a standard drug. Compounds 4a and 4b exhibited good activity. Additionally, docking stimulations were performed to position compounds 4e, 4g, 5e, 5f, 6a and 6f into the EGFR kinase domain and human oestrogen receptor active site to determine probable binding information. This study indicated that compounds 6a and 6f have significant binding activities of 58.36 and 57.67 kJ mol−1, respectively.

  16. An integrativist attempt to dissolve and reconstruct Richard Rorty's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    He calls those who engage in the former activity ''ironists,'' people like Proust, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Hegel and Derrida, and calls those who engage in the latter activity ''metaphysicians,'' people like Plato, Descartes and Kant (RORTYa 1989, 96—97). The ironists, he says, have radical and continuing doubts about their ...

  17. 1 PERSPECTIVES In Memoriam: Richard (Rick) G. Harrison ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    2016-05-06

    May 6, 2016 ... 2016, but the impact of his work will not soon be lost for the people with whom he worked, or the field to which he dedicated so much of his time and energy.I believe that the impact of Rick Harrison's ideas and interactions on my own career might be used as a type for understanding how Rick was able, ...

  18. In memoriam: Richard (Rick) G. Harrison—benefactor for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    type for understanding how Rick was able, through his con- ceptualization and empirical tests of hypotheses, to affect the ... gave many of us the impetus to test hypotheses of differen- tial hybrid and parental fitness across habitats. ... found memory I have of Rick Harrison. And, since I too am the husband of a wonderful wife, ...

  19. In memoriam: Richard (Rick) G. Harrison—benefactor for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    for the adaptive responses to habitat with special reference to how we might detect the effects of selective constraints using molecular markers. A secondary benefit for our research programme was that Rick's careful synthesis of the litera- ture in this review acted as a wonderful exemplar for our own attempts to do similar ...

  20. Richard Godbeer. Sexual Revolution in Early America, Baltimore (Md.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éliane Elmaleh

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, au titre provocateur, dévoile la complexité et la surprenante multiplicité des comportements sexuels dans l’Amérique coloniale. L’objectif principal de l’auteur est de révéler l’existence d’un clivage persistant entre théorie et pratique, entre l’affichage d’une Amérique puritaine dont les idéologies officielles et les normes morales ont été reconstruites au travers de décrets gouvernementaux, lois, décisions juridiques, sermons, traités théologiques ou encore littérature didacti...

  1. Maailma uus filantroopia - lisaks rahale annetatakse ka oskused / Richard Branson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Branson, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Miljardärist ärimehe sõnul saavutas filantroopia 2006. aastal rahvusvahelises tähenduses uue taseme, sellele nähtusele on antud nimeks heategevusettevõtlus - annetajad kasutavad oma ärivaistu ja uusi meetodeid, et nende annetused võiksid mõjutada kogu maailma. Virgin Group investeerib lennufirma Virgin Atlantic ja rongireisifirma Virgin Trains 10 aasta tulu uute energiaallikate otsimiseks

  2. Historical Investigations of the Richard B. Russell Multiple Resource Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    bottom of deir beds. Dem beds at de big house was so high dey had steps to walk up so dey could git in ’em. Oh, dey was pretty, all kivvered over wid...for this report. Dye’s stepdaughter Hester, nee Harper, also married and had children. She wed Moriah Gray and bore George, Sally, Lula (called Sissie

  3. Antibiotic therapy of surgical infections | Richards | Southern African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Southern African Journal of Critical Care. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 26, No 1 (2010) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Antibiotic therapy of surgical infections.

  4. Perikoopide küsimus Eestis / Richard Koolmeister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koolmeister, Richard, 1905-1981

    1981-01-01

    Eestimaa Konsistooriumi kirjavahetusest aastatel 1727-1910. Perikoopidest (jutluse aluseks võetav piiblisalm) Rootsi 1686. a. ja Venemaa 1832. a. kirikuseaduste järgi. Epistlitest ja evangeeliumitest

  5. Symposium: A Pentadic Analysis of Richard Nixon and Watergate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Kenneth E., Ed.

    1977-01-01

    Kenneth Burke's Dramatistic Pentad is an analytical device intended to be used by critics to discover the roots of motivation for particular acts. The five elements of the pentad are the scene, act, agent, agency, and purpose. Using the Burkean Pentad, this symposium presents the following five analyses of Watergate: "Scenic Responsibility:…

  6. Book review: Richard M. Nixon: 'The Real War' | van Dijkhorst ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 13, No 2 (1983) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file ...

  7. pH tolerance of Daphnia pulex (leydig, emend. , richard)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, P.; Ozburn, G.W.

    1969-01-01

    The survival time and reproduction of female Daphnia pulex in solutions varying in pH have been observed. Dilute sodium hydroxide or sulfuric acid solutions were added to four different diluent waters: distilled water, aerated tap water, aerated and filtered tap water from an aquarium containing Dace minnows, and Mcintyre River water. D. Pulex (initially up to 72 hours old) survived for the duration of the experiment (32 hours) in river water within a pH range of 6.1 to 10.3; in aquarium water within a pH range of 4.3 to 10.4; only at pH 6.4 and pH 7.6 in distilled water; and in none of the solutions using aerated tap water. The dissolved oxygen content was measured at the beginning and end of every experiment and was found never to fall below 6.2 p.p.M. Those individuals which survived were cultured in the laboratory and parthenogenesis was observed at pH values between 7.0 and 8.7.

  8. Five Things I Learned from Richard Feynman About Science ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the committee which reported to Congress after the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. It was. Feynman who dipped a rubber O-ring into a glass of ice water to show how it became brittle – a simple but devastating demonstration. His lectures at Caltech, which are still studied today in book form, are considered classics.

  9. Tartu kirikuid ja kogudusi aegade kestel / Richard Koolmeister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koolmeister, Richard

    1980-01-01

    Tartu kirikute ehituslugu alates 11. saj. Viiteid kroonikatele (Vene letopissid, Läti Henriku kroonika). Pikemalt juttu 13. saj. ehitatud Toomakirikust, Maria, Peetri, Pauluse ja Jaani kirikust. Ka kloostrikirikutest

  10. To Have Been a Student of Richard Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    During the time that I was his doctoral student, he was writing his famous papers on the theory of positrons (with the backward-in-time paths) and on QED, which appeared together in the same issue of the Physical Review. He asked me to read them, to correct his terrible spelling and grammar, and to serve as a guinea pig.

  11. NATO enlargement : all aboard? Destination unknown / Richard E Rupp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rupp, Richard E

    2002-01-01

    NATO eesmärkidest läbi aegade, külma sõja järgse üleminekuaja mõjudest NATO arengule, laienemisega seonduvast temaatikast lähtuvalt Leedu, Rumeenia ja Venemaa seisukohtadest ning NATO tulevikuväljavaadetest

  12. Richard Trueswell's Contribution to Collection Evaluation and Management: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob L. Nash

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: Trueswell, R. L. (1969. Some behavioral patterns of library users: The 80/20 rule. Wilson Library Bulletin, 43(5, 458-461. Objective – To demonstrate the relationship between library circulation and the percent of a library's holdings satisfying circulation. Design – Retrospective cohort study of library circulation data. Setting – Cambridge and Northampton, Massachusetts, United States of America. Subjects – The users of the monographic holdings of the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Library and the Forbes Public Library. Methods – Trueswell compiled circulation data from the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Library over a period of 5 years, ostensibly from 1964-1969. Additionally, he gathered circulation data from Forbes Public Library. Trueswell compared each respective collection of data against the entire holdings of each library, after which he converted each measure to a percentage of the whole. Main Result – Based on the collected data, Trueswell found that the percentages of both libraries’ holdings that satisfy circulation follow a power law distribution. He compared this with a previous study measuring journal circulation at a Health Sciences Library that exhibited the same pattern. He stated that these similar distributions demonstrated the "80/20 Rule." The distribution is such that any given percent of circulation will provide the percent of a library’s circulating holdings necessary to satisfy it. Additionally, Trueswell found that 75 percent of current circulation had circulated at least once within the preceding year. Conclusion – The findings have implications for core collection development, purchasing multiple copies of a given title, determining the optimal size of a library's collection, and weeding. Trueswell also submits the idea of developing regional interlibrary loan centers for books that do not circulate often, as a cost saving measure for most libraries.

  13. Book Review Pivotal Love Relationships By Richard Alapack (2007 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Love's Pivotal Relationships: The Chum, First Love, Outlaw and the Intimate Partner. Milton Keynes, UK/Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse Press. Paperback (218 pages). ISBN: 978-1-434-31904-3. Hardcover (232 pages). ISBN: 978-1-434-32452-8. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, Volume 8, Edition 1 May 2008 ...

  14. Review:The important epidemiology of pre-eclampsia | Richards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are responsible for significant mortality and morbidity of which pre-eclampsia is the greatest contributor. More than half of these deaths can be avoided by better understanding the important epidemiology of this disease. By intelligent revision of the final causes of hypertensive death, it is ...

  15. Prophet of the Storm: Richard Wright and the Radical Tradition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Finley C.

    1977-01-01

    Asserts that Wright's importance emerges out of his literary identification with a specific sociological vision of the life and destiny of black people in particular and human kind in general. Examines this vision interpretatively as a philosophy, as a historical trend in American culture, and as a personal and ideological commitment forming the…

  16. Juhtimiskultuuride arenemine avalikus sektoris / Les Metcalfe, Sue Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metcalfe, Les

    2002-01-01

    Juhtimiskultuurid peaksid olema piisavalt üldised, et hõlmata avalikku haldust nii makro- kui mikroprotsessina, nii õppimisprotessi kui määratletud eesmärkide teenimise protsessina, nii kujundamisprotsessi kui täideviiva tegevusena

  17. The construction of gender in Estonian school textbooks / Jeannine Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Richards, Jeannine

    2001-01-01

    Uurimusest, mille eesmärgiks oli analüüsida nais- ja meessoo kujutamist inglise keele õpikus. Vaadeldavaks õpikuks on : Sotter, Ingrid ; Vahtra, Leida. English : step five. 5th print.- Tallinn : Koolibri, 1997

  18. Fasiku Gbenga and Richard Oyelakin Phenomenal Characters of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fasiku Gbenga and Richard Oyelakin

    There is a prevalent assumption that the phenomenal character of a mental experience is an ontological property existing as part of the fabric of the world. This implies that the problem of explaining the phenomenal property of a mental experience is a metaphysical one. Contrary to this assumption, the present paper argues ...

  19. To Have Been a Student of Richard Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Feynman stressed creativity—which to him meant working things out from the beginning. He urged each of us to create his or her own universe of ideas, so that our products, even if only answers to assigned classwork problems, would have their own original charac- ter—just as his own work carried the unique stamp of his ...

  20. Five Things I Learned from Richard Feynman About Science ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    One involved giving a report on research that had been done on cats. He was unfamiliar with the names of the muscles mentioned, so he went down to the library to get “a map of the cat”. Then he gave his report, beginning with an explanation of the cat's anatomy. The biology students immediately stopped him, saying they ...

  1. Vanessa Di Murro and Richard Mortin in the SPS tunnel

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2018-01-01

    University of Cambridge PhD student Vanessa Di Murro is using smart sensor technology to monitor geotechnical effects in the tunnels that are part of CERN's accelerator complex. She is the first PhD student within the SMB department.

  2. George C. Marshalli Keskuse NATO ja Euroopa kaitsepoliitika uuringute professori hr. Richard Cohen'i ettekanne / Richard Cohen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cohen, Richard

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Proceedings of the 8th International conference Estonia and the European Union : Estonia on its way to a changing Europe : October 31-November 2, 2001. - Tallinn, lk. 93-97. Parlament on kõige parem töövahend tegelemaks küsimustega, mis on seotud Euroopa julgeoleku- ja kaitsepoliitikaga laiemas mõttes

  3. (4S)-4-(3,4-Dichloro?phen?yl)-1?-methyl-4?-phenyl-3,4-dihydronaphthalene-2-spiro-3?-pyrrolidine-2?-spiro-1??-acenaphthyl?ene-1,2??(2H,1??H)-dione

    OpenAIRE

    Murugan, R.; Gunasekaran, B.; Narayanan, S. Sriman; Manivannan, V.

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, C37H27Cl2NO2, the 3,4-dichloro?phenyl ring makes a dihedral angle of 46.66?(6)? with the phenyl ring. The mol?ecular structure is stabilized by weak intra?molecular C?H?O inter?actions and the crystal structure is stabilized by weak inter?molecular C?H?O inter?actions. The C?C?C?C?C five-membered ring is planar, while the C?C?C?C?N five-membered ring adopts a half-chair conformation.

  4. L = spiro-N3P3[O2C12H8][N(CH3)NH2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Sci., Vol. 117, No. 2, March 2005, pp. 175–178. © Indian Academy of Sciences. 175. Dedicated to the memory of the late Professor Bhaskar G Maiya. *For correspondence ... In order to test the potential of 1 as a homogeneous catalyst we have chosen to use it in the hydrolysis of phosphate esters and in DNA cleavage ...

  5. L = spiro-N3P3[O2C12H8][N(CH3)NH2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    In order to test the potential of 1 as a homogeneous catalyst we have chosen to use it in the hydrolysis of phosphate esters and in DNA cleavage experiments. Phosphate ester hydrolysis plays a very important role in energy metabolism and in various cellular signal transduction pathways in biological systems.10 A number ...

  6. Yuccalides A-C, three new phenolic compounds with spiro-structures from the roots of Yucca gloriosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakashima, Ken-Ichi; Abe, Naohito; Oyama, Masayoshi; Inoue, Makoto

    2016-06-01

    Three new phenolic compounds, yuccalides A-C (1-3), were isolated from the roots of Yucca gloriosa L., along with four known compounds (4-7). The structures of the new compounds were established by extensive NMR spectroscopic analyses. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA levels induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mouse macrophage-like RAW 264.7 cells were effectively suppressed by compounds 2, 4, and 6, all of which had the (2R*, 3R*)-configuration. IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA levels induced by LPS were significantly attenuated by compounds 4, 5, and 6, but not by 2. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Synthesis and Antibacterial Activity of New Spiro[thiadiazoline-(pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine] Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed El Fal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available New heterocyclic compounds spiroderivatives of allopurinol of biological interest were prepared from allopurinol via thionation and 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition and were produced in high to excellent yields. These compounds were characterized on the basis of spectral and spectroscopic data (1H NMR, 13C, IR, and MS. The antibacterial activity of the synthesized products was studied using bacterial strains: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Compounds having an ethyl group showed the best activity with MIC value of 31.25 µg/mL against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus fasciens.

  8. A DICTIONARY OF IRAQI ARABIC--ARABIC-ENGLISH. THE RICHARD SLADE HARRELL ARABIC SERIES, NUMBER TEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WOODHEAD, D.R., ED.; BEENE, WAYNE, ED.

    THE PRESENT DICTIONARY IS BASED ON THE EDUCATED COLLOQUIAL ARABIC OF BAGHDAD. INTENDED AS A COMPREHENSION DICTIONARY FOR AMERICAN ENGLISH SPEAKERS, ITS USE REQUIRES A BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF ARABIC STRUCTURE AND PHONOLOGY AS WELL AS AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE STANDARD ARRANGEMENT OF AN ARABIC DICTIONARY. THE ENTRIES, WHICH APPEAR IN PHONEMIC…

  9. Contending economic theories: neoclassical, Keynesian and Marxian de Richard Wolff y Stephen Resnick

    OpenAIRE

    Brondino, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Contending Economic Theories ofrecer una exposición sintética de las tres escuelas de pensamiento económico brindando a los lectores un herramental para compararlas, escrutarlas y, eventualmente, tomar partido por alguna de ellas. Esto es crucial ya que la tesis fundamental del libro es que cada teoría económica sugiere una forma diferente de comprensión de cómo funcionan las economías contemporáneas y, consecuentemente, distintas guías para la acción de política económica. Fil: Brondino, ...

  10. Review of Discovering Craven, Richard Harland Collection and Craven Museum Lithics Collections CD-Roms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gail Falkingham

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Discovering Craven is aimed at the general reader, and provides a beautifully illustrated and presented interactive CD-Rom, created with Illuminatus Interactive. Craven is one of the seven districts within the county of North Yorkshire, a large area of which falls within the Yorkshire Dales National Park.

  11. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Missouri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    City Aviation Department. These operations have been primarily involved in the routine maintenance of assigned aircraft and associated ground support...tarnsferred to base supply (Talley Services, Inc.) for disposal off-base through contract. C. Kansas City Aviation Department (KCAD) i. Vehicle...Fixed-Base Operation ( FBO ) Talley Services operates the FBO for light aircraft out of Building 821. Small quantities (less than 60 gallons a year

  12. The Scapegoating of Bruno Richard Hauptmann: The Rhetorical Process in Prejudicial Publicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkie, Carol

    1981-01-01

    Examines the publicity in the 1935 trial for the kidnapping and death of Charles Lindbergh's son. Applies Burke's theory of human victimage. Concludes that this case may be one of the most blatant examples of journalistic scapegoating in history and a graphic illustration of publicity becoming dangerously prejudicial. (PD)

  13. The Richard T. Cox Lecture: Liquid State as an Occasional Result of Competing Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voronel, Alexander

    2006-03-01

    Now it is even strange to think that in the early 50-ies the second order transitions and the liquid -- vapor critical point were considered as different fields of physics. In the USSR this lack of understanding (as everything in the USSR) had also a political dimension. Being a graduate of Kharkov University (domain of L.Landau) I was inclined to work in a framework of Landau-theory of the critical point. Having carefully analysed the published experimental data I discovered that the scattering of the data in the vicinities of both critical points and phase transitions was much higher than the implemented equipment had allowed [1]. For me it was a true sign of wrong conditions of measurements. As a result I had adjusted my experiment to the specific condition of the critical point. We worked together with the group of students of Kharkov University who had shared my enthusiasm. When we were already on a halfway of our own measurements I was deeply impressed by the excellent result of M.J.Buckingham and W.M. Fairbank on the λ-point of Helium [2]. Their achievement had turned our own measurements into a sort of experimen-tum crucis: should one expect a singularity also in the critical point or shouldn't? Experimental data on isochoric heat capacity near the critical point looked really similar (but not identical) to the singularity near the λ-transition. Both found their common ground in lattice models of different kinds [3]. The scaling concept was suggested to explain the universal features of both phenomena originated from developing fluctuations [4]. Our work was noticed first by C.Domb and M.Fisher in England. Michael was especially persistent in his demands that the Sovjet authorities would allow us a free communication. He produced a sort of frustration in their bureaurocratic heads. But it was great to feel not to be condemned for an eternal isolation in the USSR. All this development (now international) has opened way to express the properties of all liquids (including mixtures) in the vicinities of the singular points by the universal functions of reduced coordinates [5]. But the very existence of the critical point (and the liquid state itself) is in fact not an universal property of matter [6]. The freezing is depen-dent on a symmetry of packing and on a form of a potential well. It means the lower limit of the liquid state cannot be universal. However, if the freezing is somehow avoided the metastable critical point may be achieved instead [7]. And the universal features of the critical phenomena may be observed there again. Literature: [1] A. Voronel, M. Gitterman, Zh. Exp. Teor. Fiz. 39, 1162 (1960). M.Bagatsky, A.Voronel, V.Gusak., Zh. Exp. Teor. Fiz. 43, 728 (1962). See also a review: A. Voronel ``Thermal measurements and Critical Phenomena in Liquids.'' in PHASE TRANSITIONS AND CRITICAL PHENOMENA, vol. 5B, ed. by C.DOMB & M.S.GREEN, 1976, Academic Press, London, New York, San Francisco. [2] M.J.Buckingham, W.M.Fairbank in 111,60, ``PROGRESS IN LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS''(ed. by C.J.Gorter) North-Holland Pub.Co., Amsterdam, 1961. [3] M.E.Fisher,''The Nature of Critical Points'', University of Colorado Press, Boulder, 1965; [4] A.Patashinsky,V.Pokrovsky, Sov.Phys.JETP,23,292,(1966); L.P.Kadanov, Physics, 2,263, (1966) [5] M.E.Fisher, Phys.Rev.,176, 257, (1968); M.A.Anisimov, A.V.Voronel, E.E.Gorodetsky, Zh.Exp.Teor.Fiz.,60,1117, (1971) [6] H.J.Hagen,D.Frenkel,H.Lekkerkerker, Nature, 365, 425, (1993); D.Frenkel, Physica, A 263, 26, (1999). G.Vliegenthardt, H.Lekkerkerker, Physica, A 263, 378, (1999). [7] O.Mishima,H.E.Stanley, Nature, 392, 164, (1998).

  14. Põgenemine vabaduse eest ehk Mida venelased mõtlevad ja tahavad / Richard Pipes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pipes, Richard

    2004-01-01

    Põhjustest, miks praeguse Venemaa valitsuse demokraatia- ja vabadusevastane tegevus leiab rahva toetust. President Vladimir Putini populaarsus põhineb sellel, et ta on taasloonud Venemaa traditsioonilise valitsusmudeli: autokraatliku riigi, kus kodanikud on vabastatud vastutusest poliitika eest ning kujuteldavaid välisvaenlasi kasutatakse kunstliku ühistunde loomiseks. Arvamusküsitluste tulemustest

  15. 17. DR Aswani Book Review of Richard Dawkins The God Delusion ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    REGINALDS

    In fact, the book seeks to “emancipate” the human mind from the chains of religion- which is depicted as a manifestation of delusion or insanity. In seeking to debunk religion, Dawkins presents four foundational propositions. First, atheists can be happy, balanced, moral, and intellectually fulfilled. Second, Darwinian natural.

  16. Mygblomst (Liparis loeselii (L.) L.C.M. Richards) - rigkæret vagabond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wind, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen dokumenterer næste 30 års overvågning af bestande af mygblomst. Den dokumenterer samtidig, at mygblomst hyppigt skifter voksesteder fra år til år på lokaliteterne. Endelig dokumenterer den, at de seneste 200 års tilbagegang for mygblomst tilsyneladende er bremset, idet der er indenfor de...

  17. Kasum ei ole veel kõik... / James Mackintosh, Richard Milne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mackintosh, James

    2005-01-01

    Autotootjast DaimlerChrysler, selle tegevjuhist Jürgen Schremppist. Autorite sõnul on Daimler tänu oma ambitsioonikale tehingule Chrysleriga ehitanud saksamaise tööstushiiglase ning muutnud seeläbi peaaegu võimatuks enda ülevõtmise. Lisa: Smart. Tabel: DaimlerChrysler

  18. Cliff Richard hakkab veini tootma. Marilyn Manson avab isikliku kunstinäituse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Cliff Richardi Portugali viinamarjaistandusest pärinevast veinist "Vida Nova". 20. septembril avab oma albumit "The Golden Age Of Grotesque" lõpetav laulja Marilyn Manson oma esimese kunstinäituse Los Angeleses Hollywoodis

  19. Performance Studies Floating Free of Theatre. Richard Schechner and the Rise of an Open Interdisciplinary Field

    OpenAIRE

    Deriu, Fabrizio

    2013-01-01

    As Marvin Carlson points out, the term performance has recently developed “as a central metaphor and critical tool for a bewildering variety of studies, covering almost every aspect of human activity.” While there is a tendency to stress their similarities and theoretical convergence, Performance Studies and Cultural Studies have different origins: the roots of Performance Studies are clearly located in theatre studies and practices. The essay outlines a short history of the rise of Performan...

  20. Philosophy and male domination. Enrique Dussel and Richard Rorty’s critical reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Figueroa Muñoz

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article develops E. Dussel’s and R. Rorty’s critical reflections on the prevailing gender domination. The main parts of the article are: an introduction on male domination as a cultural paradigm, an outline of the traditional position of philosophy with regard to this paradigm, taking Nietzsche as an example, and a presentation of the reflections of Dussel’s philosophy of liberation and Rorty’s neopragmatism aimed at overcoming this paradigm —reflections that are structured as an erotic of liberation and as an anti-essentialist and anti representationalist perspective, respectively.

  1. Richard M. Nixon's Rhetorical Strategies in His Public Statements on Watergate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, William L.

    1982-01-01

    Identifies nine rhetorical strategies in Nixon's public utterances on Watergate and traces their development through four phases. Examines polls which reveal that these strategies failed to stem the tide of negative opinion. (PD)

  2. The "Madman" Rhetoric of Richard Nixon: An Alternative Means to Establish Geopolitical Ethos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, David K.

    2005-01-01

    In a geopolitical context, the means of establishing deterrence is premised on the military capability of a country and the perceived willingness of a leader to use force as a means to achieve policy goals. A key function of rhetoric is to establish the personal ethos of a leader regarding their willingness to use force. During the Cold War the…

  3. 76 FR 53942 - Richard A. Herbert, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... shows that he was aware at various points that she was a patient in a rehab facility and a nursing home... January 18, 2006 emergency room visit for a potential stroke (CVA)), in which the medical records listed... time that E.M. was in either a hospital or nursing home/rehab facility (approximately 290 days during...

  4. Conversations with Four Highly Productive Educational Psychologists: Patricia Alexander, Richard Mayer, Dale Schunk, and Barry Zimmerman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson-Hazley, Melissa; Kiewra, Kenneth A.

    2013-01-01

    This article seeks to answer the questions: Who are the most productive and influential educational psychologists? What factors characterize these educational psychologists? And, what advice might they pass along to budding scholars? To determine the top educational psychologists, we surveyed the membership of Division 15 (Educational Psychology)…

  5. The inauguration of Modern Subjectivity: Shakespeare’s “lyrical tragedy” Richard II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J. JOUGHIN

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available During the theorisation of Renaissance studies in the 1980s the focus was on the punctual emergence of the early modern subject circa 1600, the “decisive transitional moment” usually hinging on a reading of Hamlet’s emergent sense of interiority (Aers, “A whisper in the ear of the early modernists” passim. There are of course huge advances in such a reading as it highlights the contingent and created nature of human experience. Post-structuralism usefully isolated the ‘human’ as an invention...

  6. Congregationalist Richard Cordley and the Impact of New England Cultural Imperialism in Kansas, 1857-1904

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Nathan

    2004-01-01

    As a major social force throughout the nineteenth century, religion proved an important factor in the settlement of the American West. Yet the idea of a religious figure as a western hero has never emerged in the popular culture adaptations of the Western, since the clergy are usually portrayed as gentle, "soft," or even somewhat…

  7. Why Professor Richard Feynman was upset solving the Laplace equation for spherical waves?

    OpenAIRE

    Khelashvili, Anzor; Nadareishvili, Teimuraz

    2013-01-01

    We take attention to the singular behavior of the Laplace operator in spherical coordinates, which was established in our earlier work. This singularity has many non-trivial consequences. In this article we consider only the simplest ones, which are connected to the solution of Laplace equation in Feynman classical books and Lectures. Feynman was upset looking in his derived solutions, which have a fictitious singular behavior at the origin. We show how these inconsistencies can be avoided.

  8. In Search of Explanatory Frameworks: An Analysis of Richard Feynman's Lecture "Atoms in Motion."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treagust, David F.; Harrison, Allan G.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the various aspects of explanations that make up an explanatory framework and the notion of pedagogical content knowledge. Analyzes an exemplary set of physics explanations to identify the individual and holistic characteristics of an effective explanation. (Author/SAH)

  9. Richard Rive: Non-racialism in a life of writing and of sport | Viljoen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It argues that formative to the man were his experiences as a child growing up under segregation and Apartheid in District Six, as well as the ideological ... The article, part of a larger project to write a biography of Rive, delineates and analyses his role in organised non-racial school sport from the 1950s to his death in 1989, ...

  10. 78 FR 43093 - Richard C. Theuer; Filing of Food Additive Petition and Citizen Petition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Additive Petition and Citizen Petition AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...., has filed a petition proposing that the food additive regulations be amended to prohibit the use of... a food additive petition (FAP 3A4798; Docket No. FDA-2013-F-0700). The petition proposes to amend...

  11. Die koop-en-verkoopooreenkoms gefinansier deur 'n polis as boedelbeplanningsinstrument / Richard Walter Combrink

    OpenAIRE

    Combrink, Richard Walter

    2005-01-01

    There are real uncertainty about the interpretation of section 3(3)(a)(1A) of the Estate Duty Act when the buy-and-sell agreement comes to mind. The uncertainty started with the definition of "person" in the Estate Duty Act, because the trust was not so commonly used at the time when the act came into force. Unfortunately the trust doesn't fall under the definition of "person" and therefore cannot qualify for the estate duty benefit. The big question arises whether the insur...

  12. Oscillation and asymptotic stability of a delay differential equation with Richard's nonlinearity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonid Berezansky

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available We obtain sufficient conditions for oscillation of solutions, and for asymptotical stability of the positive equilibrium, of the scalar nonlinear delay differential equation $$ frac{dN}{dt} = r(tN(tBig[a-Big(sum_{k=1}^m b_k N(g_k(tBig^{gamma}Big], $$ where $ g_k(tleq t$.

  13. Richard Rorty: From Anti-metaphysical Neo-Pragmatism to Rejection of Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Akrami

    2010-03-01

    Despite of usefulness of some elements and implications of Rorty’s metaphilosophy (such as his emphasis on freedom, democracy, and pluralism as well as his insisting on philosophical humility and avoiding scientific pride, it is faced with several problems, including 1 ignoring the referential and realist features of language, 2 confusing interpretation and reality, 3 eliminating the border between objectivity and subjectivity, 4 interfering of public and private life, and 5 ignoring the need of science, culture, technology and, in particular, politics, in philosophy. The authors try to show and analyze some elements of these problems.

  14. Teaching more than english? : Gender roles in english language textbooks / Jeannine Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Richards, Jeannine

    2002-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)

  15. Before harbour construction, Richards Bay on the Kwa- Zulu-Natal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    Dimensional Scaling (MDS) methods of the PRIMER computer software (Clarke and Warwick 1994). The analyses were done in an attempt to identify and il- lustrate distribution differences or changes in the zoo- plankton community structure of the estuary over the study period. Cluster and MDS analyses were based on the ...

  16. Symposium on electron linear accelerators in honor of Richard B. Neal's 80th birthday: Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siemann, R.H.

    1998-07-01

    The papers presented at the conference are: (1) the construction of SLAC and the role of R.B. Neal; (2) symposium speech; (3) lessons learned from the SLC; (4) alternate approaches to future electron-positron linear colliders; (5) the NLC technical program; (6) advanced electron linacs; (7) medical uses of linear accelerators; (8) linac-based, intense, coherent X-ray source using self-amplified spontaneous emission. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database

  17. Educating Richard : Incest, Marriage, and (Political) Consent in Gower's 'Tale of Apollonius'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobecki, Sebastian I.

    2007-01-01

    Gower's treatment of the incest motif in the "Tale of Apollonius" in Book VIII of the Confessio Amantis is embedded into the poet's discussion of kingship, which, like incest, emerges as being subject to legal discourses. Read politically, the portrayal of Apollonius would appear to sustain a host

  18. Shoreline accretion and sand transport at groynes inside the Port of Richards Bay.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Schoonees, JS

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available . The groynes, which were designed according to the Van der Meer (1990)method,were constructed by end tipping (Schoonees et al., 1999). Two layers, namely, the core and armour layers, were built with steep side slopes of 1: 1.5 to minimise the required... volume of rock. The rock of the armour layers was, respectively, 2 tonne and 200 kg for Groynes A and C (CSIR, 1997; Schoonees et al., 1999). The crest height of both these structures is quite high in view of the relatively calm environment, namely, +2...

  19. Real exchange rate adjustment in European transition countries / Florin G Maican, Richard J Sweeny

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maican, Florin G

    2005-01-01

    Reaalkursi hindamise ühikjuure testi (unit-root test) tulemustest kümnes (Tšehhi, Eesti, Ungari, Läti, Leedu, Poola, Slovakkia, Sloveenia, Bulgaaria, Rumeenia) Kesk- ja Ida-Eroopa siirdemajandusega riigis ajavahemikul 1993-2003. Graafikud. Tabelid

  20. 71 1Mariam R Mavura , 2Jacqueline L.Bundala .3.Richard K.Arap ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    such sudden growth of investments in remote area. [5]. Semboja indicated that the principal concern for many poor Tanzanians with the current mining development is how to split the pie of revenues and profits in such a way that the interests of nationals are satisfied. However, there are conflict and complaints, feelings and ...

  1. Determinants of Electoral Outcomes: A simple Test of Meltzer and Richard's Hypothesis

    OpenAIRE

    Benoît Le Maux; Federica Minardy; Charlotte Magalhaes

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to test Meltzer and Richard’s (1981) hypothesis that lower-income individuals vote for candidates who favor higher taxes and more redistribution. Assuming that left-wing parties advocate a general increase in taxation, we estimate a vote function for the French Cantonal elections. We show clear-cut evidence that an increasing proportion of voters receiving social assistance raises the number of votes in favor of left-wing parties. This result highlights the importance o...

  2. 16 moeõppetundi itaalia stiilis / Nicole Picart, Richard Gianorio, Marie Varvoux

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Picart, Nicole

    2007-01-01

    Itaalia moekunstnikud Gianfranco Ferre, Frida Giannini (Gucci), Graeme Black (Ferragamo), Angela Missioni (Missioni), Laura Lusuardi (Max Mara), Roberto Cavalli, Donatella Versace, Silvia Venturini (Fendi), Gaia Trussardi, Tomas Maier (Bottega Veneta), Dolce & Gabbana, Cristina Ortiz (Brioni), Rossella Jardini (Moschino), Alberta Ferretti, Giorgio Armani, Dean ja Dan Caten (Dsquared 2) iseloomustavad ideaalset naist, itaalia stiili, ajatut moodi ja kommenteerivad oma moekunstnikuks saamist. Lisatud fotod moekunstnikest

  3. Venemaa tahab režiimi vahetust Gruusias / Richard C. Holbrooke, Ronald D. Asmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Holbrooke, Richard, 1941-2010

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom 15. aug. lk. 17. Venemaa eesmärk sõjas Gruusiaga on Gruusia režiimivahetus ning president Mikheil Saakashvili asendamine Kremli mõjudele avatuma presidendiga, leiavad autorid

  4. Ruth Colvin Clark - Richard E. Mayer. e-Learning and the Science of Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Giusti, Laura Cristina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available En este libro se abordarán cuestiones fundamentales tales como: ¿Qué tipos de gráficos ayuda para aprender? ¿Qué audiencias más se benefician de gráficos? ¿Cuándo y cómo utilizar mejor las animaciones? Situaciones en las que es mejor es utilizar el audio para describir gráficos. Situaciones en las que es mejor es utilizar el texto para describir gráficos. Cómo colocar texto en la pantalla para maximizar el aprendizaje ¿Cómo evitar la sobrecarga mental causado por el uso inadecuado de los gráficos, texto y audio Los beneficios de la personalización de las lecciones a través de un lenguaje informal y en la pantalla avatares. Formas de aumentar la presencia social en los eventos virtuales de aprendizaje y asíncronos.

  5. NIKLAS LUHMANN E RICHARD RORTY: CONTINGÊNCIAS E INCONSISTÊNCIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilene Maria Carvalho Leal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Rorty enfrentou as contingências do mundo contemporâneo apostando no partilhamento da “retórica das democracias liberais”, como a mais aceita e mais adequada em uma sociedade caracterizada pelo fim das metanarrativas e das condutas de moral absoluta. Mas essa aposta resvala claramente num pragmatismo moral mal disfarçado. Luhmann, ao contrário, levou até o fim a preocupação, abandonada por Rorty, de elaborar uma teoria antimetafísica e despida de um projeto normativo para a sociedade contemporânea. Sua teoria dos sistemas enfrenta as contingências do mundo, excluindo tudo que for externo ao sistema, ou seja, tudo que não possa se tornar um mecanismo de manutenção da identidade dos sistemas face à complexidade do mundo.

  6. Fostering children affected by AIDS in Richards Bay, South Africa: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Grandparents are increasingly becoming the primary carers of children orphaned by the HIV epidemic in South Africa. Traditional family roles are being reversed as aging family members take responsibility for the physical and psychosocial needs of children. This study uses qualitative research to explore the experiences of ...

  7. Dalhaus – Kunze: a dialogue on Richard Wagner’s musical drama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Kozłowski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article supports the thesis that Carl Dalhaus’s interpretation of the Wagnerian musical drama (drama is here understood as a “dramatic musical form” existing in the score, which fully comes into being only on stage as a concrete artistic creation is not totally in opposition to StefanKunze’s interpretation, according to whom the Wagnerian drama, as the whole musical theatre of Wagner, is in fact the “imaginative theatre”. It is possible to defend this thesis thanks to my conviction that “imaginativeness” of the theatre and its reality (staging are not mutually exclusive although they create a particular tension. This article consists of two parts. The first one presents Carl Dalhaus’s interpretation according to which the staging belongs to the history of a particular work of drama, forming its unique character every time again. The other part of the text discusses Stefan Kunze’s interpretation that the imaginary theatre is a part of the dramatic-musical form. There is a punch line, or a specific coda, at the end of the second part of the article, which explains the meaning of both, Dalhaus’s and Kunze’s points of view, seen also from the perspective of Wagner’s musical drama itself. My interpretation presented in this article is – referring to the current state of research and in spite of a large number of literature on this subject – new and original although the meaning of both theories is of great importance for the Wagnerian studies. My interpretation may serve to better understand both – the paradox of Wagnerian studies and the artistic work to which these theories refer.

  8. Comentarios a las ponencias de Richard Langhorne y Christopher Schmidt- Nowara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John S. ICKRINGILL

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Pese a que los trabajos de Schmidt-Nowara y de Langhorne hacen referencia a muchos aspectos de carácter específico y concreto, también dan pie a una serie de comentarios de índole mucho más general, al igual que ocurre con el tema global de este simposio. Este breve comentario se centrará en alguno de esos temas más amplios que suscita la lectura de las dos ponencias en cuestión, si bien se ocupará igualmente de algunos de los aspectos más concretos que en ellas se plantean. Aunque con matices divergentes, ambas ponencias podrían calificarse de postcoloniales. El trabajo de Schmidt-Nowara asume tal perspectiva de manera abierta y la formula teóricamente, mientras que el de Langhorne lo hace de forma menos explícita. Contemplados desde la perspectiva del actual cambio de siglo, resulta evidente que las grandes potencias de hace cien años, con su extensión territorial relativamente pequeña y sus grandes imperios coloniales, fracasaron en su intento de perpetuar su pujanza geopolítica. No cabe duda de que, durante buena parte de la segunda mitad de nuestro siglo, las grandes potencias mundiales han sido dos estados dotados de una gran extensión territorial continua. Aparentemente, las posesiones ultramarinas, por más que hayan podido resultar de utilidad a corto plazo, han reportado pocos beneficios a la larga.

  9. rac-(rel-1R,2R,4S-Spiro[bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3′-indol]-2′-amine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Lemmerer

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the racemic title compound, C14H16N2, the aromatic ring component of the aminoindoline system occupies the endo cavity of the norbornane component. The aromatic ring lies at an angle of 74.12 (5° to the plane defined by the four C atoms that comprises the rigid part of the boat-shaped six-membered ring of the norbornane unit. Pairs of molecules assemble in the crystal structure, forming centrosymmetric hydrogen-bonded dimers via pairs of N—H...N hydrogen bonds through the syn H atom of the amine group.

  10. 3′-(4-Chlorophenyl-4′-phenyl-3H,4′H-spiro[benzo[b]thiophene-2,5′-isoxazol]-3-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Bakhouch

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The molecule of the title compound, C22H14ClNO2S, is built up from an isoxazole ring linked to a benzothiophene ring system with additional phenyl and 4-chlorophenyl substituents. The benzothiophene system is virtually planar with the largest deviation from the mean plane being 0.041 (2 Å, while the isoxazole ring adopts an envelope conformation. The plane of the benzothiophene ring system is almost perpendicular to those of the phenyl and the 4-chlorophenyl rings, with dihedral angles of 64.76 (10 and 82.81 (10°, respectively, between them. The phenyl ring is inclined by 85.76 (12° to the plane of the 4-chlorophenyl ring, which in turn lies close to the plane of the isoxazole ring. In the crystal, molecules are linked by weak C—H...O hydrogen bonds and offset π–π interactions between the aromatic rings of adjacent benzothiophene ring systems. These combine to form a three-dimensional network structure.

  11. Quantum Chemical and Experimental Studies on the Mechanism of Alkylation of β-Dicarbonyl Compounds. The Synthesis of Five and Six Membered Heterocyclic Spiro Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Hüseyinli

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available The alkylation of β-dicarbonyl compounds in a K2CO3/DMSO system wasfound to afford O- and C-alkylated derivatives, depending on the type of the β-dicarbonylcompound involved. The alkyl derivatives obtained were used in the synthesis of some newspiro barbituric acid derivatives. Quantum chemical calculations were carried out toelucidate the reaction mechanisms for some typical synthesis.

  12. Utilizing a Spiro Core with Acridine- and Phenothiazine-Based New Hole Transporting Materials for Highly Efficient Green Phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braveenth, Ramanaskanda; Bae, Il-Ji; Han, Ji-Hun; Qiong, Wu; Seon, Guk; Raagulan, Kanthasamy; Yang, Kihun; Park, Young Hee; Kim, Miyoung; Chai, Kyu Yun

    2018-03-21

    Two new hole transporting materials, 2,7-bis(9,9-diphenylacridin-10(9 H )-yl)-9,9' spirobi[fluorene] (SP1) and 2,7-di(10 H -phenothiazin-10-yl)-9,9'-spirobi[fluorene] (SP2), were designed and synthesized by using the Buchwald-Hartwig coupling reaction with a high yield percentage of over 84%. Both of the materials exhibited high glass transition temperatures of over 150 °C. In order to understand the device performances, we have fabricated green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs) with SP1 and SP2 as hole transporting materials. Both of the materials revealed improved device properties, in particular, the SP2-based device showed excellent power (34.47 lm/W) and current (38.41 cd/A) efficiencies when compare with the 4,4'-bis( N -phenyl-1-naphthylamino)biphenyl (NPB)-based reference device (30.33 lm/W and 32.83 cd/A). The external quantum efficiency (EQE) of SP2 was 13.43%, which was higher than SP1 (13.27%) and the reference material (11.45%) with a similar device structure. The SP2 hole transporting material provides an effective charge transporting path from anode to emission layer, which is explained by the device efficiencies.

  13. SpiroZin1: a reversible and pH-Insensitive, reaction-based, red-fluorescent probe for imaging biological mobile zinc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera-Fuentes, Pablo; Lippard, Stephen J

    2014-06-01

    A reversible, reaction-based sensor for biological mobile zinc was designed, prepared, and characterized. The sensing mechanism of this probe is based on the zinc-induced, ring-opening reaction of spirobenzopyran to give a cyanine fluorophore that emits in the deep-red region of the electromagnetic spectrum. This probe is not activated by protons and operates efficiently in aqueous solution at pH 7 and high ionic strength. The mechanism of this reaction was studied by using a combination of kinetics experiments and DFT calculations. The biocompatibility of the probe was demonstrated in live HeLa cells. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Utilizing a Spiro Core with Acridine- and Phenothiazine-Based New Hole Transporting Materials for Highly Efficient Green Phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramanaskanda Braveenth

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Two new hole transporting materials, 2,7-bis(9,9-diphenylacridin-10(9H-yl-9,9′ spirobi[fluorene] (SP1 and 2,7-di(10H-phenothiazin-10-yl-9,9′-spirobi[fluorene] (SP2, were designed and synthesized by using the Buchwald–Hartwig coupling reaction with a high yield percentage of over 84%. Both of the materials exhibited high glass transition temperatures of over 150 °C. In order to understand the device performances, we have fabricated green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs with SP1 and SP2 as hole transporting materials. Both of the materials revealed improved device properties, in particular, the SP2-based device showed excellent power (34.47 lm/W and current (38.41 cd/A efficiencies when compare with the 4,4′-bis(N-phenyl-1-naphthylaminobiphenyl (NPB-based reference device (30.33 lm/W and 32.83 cd/A. The external quantum efficiency (EQE of SP2 was 13.43%, which was higher than SP1 (13.27% and the reference material (11.45% with a similar device structure. The SP2 hole transporting material provides an effective charge transporting path from anode to emission layer, which is explained by the device efficiencies.

  15. (1′S-4-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl-1′-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2-spiro-2′-pyrrolizidine-3′-spiro-3′′-indoline-1,2′′-dione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sriman Narayanan

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound C37H32Cl2N2O4, the unsubstituted pyrrolidine ring shows a twist conformation whereas the substituted pyrrolidine ring shows an envelope conformation. The dimethoxy benzene ring is perpendicular to the tetralone ring, making a dihedral angle of 89.94 (5°. Molecules are linked into centrosymmetric dimers by N—H...O hydrogen bonds and the crystal structure is stabilized by C—H...π interactions and C—H...O hydrogen bonds. One methoxy group is disordered over two positions with the site occupancy factors of 0.84 (2 and 0.16 (2.

  16. Rezension: World Wide War: Angriff aus dem Internet/Cyber War: The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It von Richard A. Clarke und Robert K. Knake/by Richard A. Clarke and Robert K. Knake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl H. Stingeder

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Je breiter der Infrastruktur-Anschluss eines Landes an das World Wide Web, desto größer die Angriffsfläche im Fall eines Netzkriegs. Die Messung der virtuellen Kampfkraft erfolgt auf Basis von drei Faktoren: Offensivkraft, Defensivfähigkeit und die Abhängigkeit vom Internet. Die USA verfügen als "Supermacht" zwar über die größte virtuelle Offensivkraft, gleichzeitig steht die Nation Cyberangriffen sehr verwundbar gegenüber. Dagegen sind in Nordkorea kaum Systeme vom Internet abhängig. Obwohl die offensiven Netzkriegskapazitäten Nordkoreas verhältnismäßig gering sind, präsentiert sich die virtuelle Kampfkraft des nordkoreanischen Regimes in Bestform. Die Verwundbarkeit ziviler Systeme, insbesondere der Energieversorgung, muss in direkter Korrelation mit deren Anknüpfung an das Internet betrachtet werden. The more broadly connected a country’s infrastructure and energy distribution, the greater its vulnerability in the event of a cyber war. Measuring this virtual fighting power is based on three factors: offensive and defensive strength, as well as dependency on the Internet. As a superpower, the USA has the greatest virtual offensive strength available. At the same time, the nation is most susceptible to cyber attacks and therefore most vulnerable. By contrast, North Korea’s offensive cyber fighting power is relatively small, but its overall cyber war capabilities are cutting-edge. The vulnerability of civil systems, especially power supply, must be viewed in direct correlation to their connection to the Internet.

  17. Theologico-political Issues in Richard Hooker’s Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity and Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan Le théologico-politique chez Richard Hooker (Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity et Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Lurbe

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Hooker et Hobbes ont tous deux été amenés à défendre la suprématie royale contre ses adversaires presbytériens. Une certaine ressemblance de formulation ne doit toutefois pas masquer de profondes divergences, portant à la fois sur l’ampleur de la prérogative royale en matière religieuse et sur la nature de la religion elle-même.

  18. An Interview with Richard Burrows about the Media Arts Standards: A Pathway to Expression and Knowing the World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, Daniel J.

    2016-01-01

    Media arts has been familiar to many through television, film, and digital graphics, and often appears as an extension of the four traditional arts disciplines: music, arts, theatre, and dance. As media arts continues to acquire its own unique identity, particularly through technological means, it has been included as a stand-alone discipline in…

  19. Lovenula (Neolovenula) alluaudi (Guerne and Richard, 1890) in the Canary Islands (Copepoda: Calanoida: Paradiaptominae). Stygofauna of the Canary Islands, 19

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bowman, Thomas E.

    1990-01-01

    Lovenula (Neolovenula) alluaudi is widespread on Lanzarote, where it occurred at 22 of the 105 stations. On Fuerteventura it was found at only 2 of the 53 stations, both in the extreme northwest part of the island. It was also found in a reservoir on the south side of the small island of Alegranza.

  20. CORR®ORS Richard A. Brand Award: Clinical Trials of a New Treatment Method for Adhesive Capsulitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badalamente, Marie A; Wang, Edward D

    2016-11-01

    Conservative and even surgical management of adhesive capsulitis often is prolonged and painful. Management of adhesive capsulitis is lacking evidence-based controlled clinical trials. We asked: (1) Does a collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection lyse shoulder capsule collagen in adhesive capsulitis and at what dose? (2) Can a shoulder capsule injection be administered extraarticularly? (3) Do CCH injections result in better scores for pain and function than can be achieved with physical therapy among patients with adhesive capsulitis? First, 60 patients with adhesive capsulitis were evaluated by clinical examination. To make the diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis, a patient had to have restricted active ROM of at least 60° in total active ROM in the affected shoulder compared with the unaffected contralateral shoulder; with the scapula stabilized, external rotation with the elbow at the side was a very important determinant. Patients were randomized to receive a single injection of 0.5 mL placebo or 0.145, 0.29, or 0.58 mg CCH. All 60 patients were followed up at 30 days. After that, if patients did not attain treatment thresholds they were eligible for up to five open-label 0.58-mg collagenase injections. For the longer-term followup in the open-label phase, 53 patients (83%) were followed to 12 months, 46 (77%) for 24 months, 36 (60%) for 36 months, 37 (62%) for 48 months, and 25 (42%) for 60 months. The extraarticular injection was directed at the anterior shoulder capsule with the patient in the supine position. To prove that these injections could be delivered reliably to the anterior shoulder capsule extraarticularly, the next study involved volunteers without adhesive capsulitis, in which 10 volunteers received a 10-mL injection of normal saline under ultrasound guidance. Finally, to determine the efficacy and dosing of CCH, four cohorts of 10 patients received up to three ultrasound-guided injections separated by 21 days. These injections were administered at one of four dose-volume levels. A fifth cohort of 10 patients was used as a control group and performed standardized home shoulder exercises only. All patients performed standardized home shoulder exercises three times daily. For Study 3, followup was at 22, 43, 64, and 92 days. No patients were lost to followup. In the first study, a single CCH injection did not provide clinically important improvements from baseline in active ROM, passive ROM, and function and pain scores compared with patients who received placebo. Ultrasound guidance confirmed extraarticular injection of the shoulder capsule in Study 2. The CCH injection was more effective than exercise therapy alone at 0.58 mg/1 mL and 0.58 mg/2 mL compared with exercise only in the primary measure of efficacy (active forward flexion) as shown in Study 3. For active forward flexion the mean in degrees in the 0.58 mg/2 mL group was 38° compared with 12° in the exercise-only group (p = 0.03). For active forward flexion the mean in the 0.58 mg/1mL group was 43° compared with 12° in the exercise-only group (p = 0.01). Extraarticular injections of CCH for treatment of adhesive capsulitis were well tolerated and seem effective compared with exercise therapy. Future FDA-regulated clinical trials must verify CCH injection therapy for adhesive capsulitis. Level II, therapeutic study.

  1. Miks Eesti soost Steve Jurvetson peab nanotehnoloogiat järgmiseks suureks asjaks / Richard Waters ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Waters, Richard

    2005-01-01

    Steve Jurvetsoni hinnangul muutuvad nanotehnoloogilise revolutsiooni tulemused nähtavaks järgmise 3-5 aasta jooksul. Ettevõtjatel soovitab ta mitte karta mõelda suurelt ja oodata tulevikku, mis võib veel praegu näida fantastiline. Tema sõnul on Interneti ajalugu juba jõudnud punkti, kus äri muutvad sündmused on saamas reaalsuseks. Lisa: Steve Jurvetsoni tulevikuvisioon

  2. 76 FR 25402 - Public Notice for Waiver of Aeronautical Land-Use Assurance; Richard Downing Airport, Coshocton, OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... States Code, this notice is required to be published in the Federal Register 30 days before modifying the.... & K.A. Adams (O.R. 123/181), said point being located 271 degrees 01[min] 42[sec], a distance of one... Township and with the said West line of the lands of R.F. & K.A. Adams, 174 degrees 55[min]42[sec], a...

  3. Environmental and Water Quality Operational Studies. Supplemental Limnological Studies at Richard B. Russell and Clarks Hill Lakes, 1983-1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    levanderi Hust. Coteochaete flits llarum Jost A. linearis f. curta H. L. Smith Cosmarium botrytis Meneg . A. linearis var. pusitla Grunow Micrasterias...Schumaker Cosmariwn botrytis Meneg . Stigeocloniwn subsecundwn Kuetz. C. regnesi var. montanum Schmidle Tetraedron trigonum (Nag.) Hansgi0 Crucigenia

  4. On the implementation of adaptive multiresolution spectral WENO scheme for the multiclass Lighthill-Whitham-Richards traffic model

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Arturo Vega-Fuentes; Edwin Bolaño-Benítez

    2014-01-01

    En este artículo, se describe detalladamente la implementación del esquema WENO (Weighted Essentially Non-Oscillatory) de quinto orden, incorporando información característica y combinado con la técnica adaptativa de multiresolución para calcular de una manera eficiente, la solución numérica de un modelo de tráfico vehicular con varias especies descrito matemáticamente por un sistema no lineal de leyes de conservación. En la referencia [1] se estudia el mismo problema, pero sin incluir inform...

  5. Normative climates of parenthood across Europe: judging voluntay childlessness and working parents / Veronique Eicher, Richard A. Settersten, Sandra Penic ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse ühiskonna normatiivse kliima mõju indiviidi hoiakutele kahe ebatraditsioonilise soorolli (vabatahtlik lastetus ja töötamine täistööajaga ajal, mil lapsed on väiksed) puhul, aluseks 21 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed

  6. Relatedness in Assisted Reproduction. Families, Origins and Identities, de Tabitha Freeman, Susanna Graham, Fatemeh Ebtehaj y Martin Richards (Eds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Alvarez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Las técnicas de reproducción asistida (TRA con donantes, receptores y subrogación, se han ido perfeccionando desde que en 1978 nacía la primera niña por fertilización in vitro (FIV en el Reino Unido, a la vez que ha aumentado el número de personas que recurren a ellas para tener hijos o hijas. Estas nuevas y diversas formas de reproducirse han hecho surgir nuevos planteamientos referentes al parentesco y la filiación, al mismo tiempo que han diversificado las opciones en las decisiones reproductivas.

  7. Preliminary investigation of the control of a gas-turbine engine for a helicopter / Richard P. Krebs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krebs, Richard P

    1951-01-01

    An analog investigation of the power plant for a gas-turbine powered helicopter indicates that currently proposed turbine-propeller engine controls are satisfactory for helicopter application. Power increases from one-half to full rated at altitudes from sea level to 15,000 feet could be made in less than 4 seconds with either the rotor or propellers absorbing the engine power.

  8. Who feels inferior? A test of the status anxiety hypothesis of social inequalities in health / Richard Layte, Christopher T. Whelan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Layte, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Artikli üldteemaks on sissetulekute ebavõrdsuse, tervise ja teiste sotsiaalprobleemide seosed, konkreetne uurimisobjekt on staatusest tuleneva ärevuse mõju sotsiaalsele ebavõrdsusele tervises, aluseks 31-s Euroopa riigis (sh Eesti) 2007. aastal läbiviidud elukvaliteedi uuring

  9. Richard B. Russell Dam and Reservoir: Potential Water Quality Effects of Initial Filling and Decomposition of Vegetation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    highly refractory to biological attack (i.e., tannins , lignins, polyphenols). Interestingly, BOD decreased by 88.1 percent during the 50-day incubation...Scandanavian streams 0.26-1.2 Edberg and Hofsten (1973) Sludge deposit downstream 0.48 Bowman and Delfino from a sewage treatment plant (1980) Wild Rice River

  10. 78 FR 19193 - Richard Phillips, Currently Incarcerated at: Inmate No. 81783-079, FCI Ray Brook Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ...: Inmate No. 81783- 079, FCI Ray Brook Federal Correctional Institution, P.O. Box 300, Ray Brook, NY 12977...: Currently incarcerated at: Inmate No. 81783-079, FCI Ray Brook, Federal Correctional Institution, P.O. Box 300, Ray Brook, NY 12977, and with an address at: 6045 Spencer Avenue, Bronx, NY 11471, and when...

  11. The Entropy Solutions for the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards Traffic Flow Model with a Discontinuous Flow-Density Relationship

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lu, Yadong; Wong, S. C; Zhang, Mengping; Shu, Chi-Wang

    2007-01-01

    ...) traffic flow model with a flow-density relationship which is piecewise quadratic, concave, but not continuous at the junction points where two quadratic polynomials meet, and with piecewise linear...

  12. Resisting the Enormous Condescension of Posterity: Richard Henry Tawney, Raymond Williams and the Long Struggle for a Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Linden

    2017-01-01

    Peter Jarvis emphasised relationships in education: people in the West assumed we were born as individuals but we are relationally embedded from the outset and learn to become social beings. This paper is concerned with how we learn democratic sensibilities with a prime focus on "liberal" workers' education in the United Kingdom and the…

  13. Symposium on electron linear accelerators in honor of Richard B. Neal's 80th birthday: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siemann, R.H. [ed.

    1998-07-01

    The papers presented at the conference are: (1) the construction of SLAC and the role of R.B. Neal; (2) symposium speech; (3) lessons learned from the SLC; (4) alternate approaches to future electron-positron linear colliders; (5) the NLC technical program; (6) advanced electron linacs; (7) medical uses of linear accelerators; (8) linac-based, intense, coherent X-ray source using self-amplified spontaneous emission. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  14. Tallinna Püha hõimkonna altariretaabel / Merike Koppel ; tõlk. Tiina Randviir, toim. Richard Adang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Merike

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Niguliste kirikus asuva 17. sajandi keskpaigas ümber tehtud hiliskeskaegse Püha hõimkonna altariretaabli algne pildiprogramm. Altariretaabli korpuse rekonstruktsioon. Kappaltari algse asukoha ja võimalike tellijate väljaselgitamisest. Püha hõimkond Flandria hiliskeskaegsetel nikerdaltaritel

  15. An analysis of Richard Prince's "Lake Resort Nurse": using an image to expose and critically reflect on stereotypes in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Vicki C

    2012-01-01

    Our interactions with images, created and viewed within contexts, are a significant means through which we construct and interpret our values and beliefs. Nurses' efforts at monitoring images to encourage accurate portrayals of nurses' work have had little influence on the way nurses are represented or the inherent ability of images to shape perceptions of nurses' work. One explanation for this lack of influence is that viewers do not closely attend to the ways in which we make meaning of everyday images. This inattention creates passive viewers, vulnerable to and more likely to internalize messages (G. Dines & J. Humez, 2011). Misunderstandings about nursing leave nurses vulnerable to contexts and influence the outcomes of at least 2 issues, the nursing shortage and the provision of quality care. Prince, in his painting "Lake Resort Nurse," utilizes the artistic strategies of expressionism, appropriation, and reflexivity to expose stereotypes and provides an opportunity for reflection on the potential impact these stereotypes have on the profession. He provides a means through which we can recognize that images are significant contributors to how understandings of nursing and nurses are shaped. New understandings of nursing, gained through reflection and dialog, subsequently influences perceptions of the value of nurses' work and their contribution to health care. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. In Buddha’s Company, Thai soldiers in the Vietnam War, Richard A. Ruth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Bourdeaux

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La guerre du Viêt Nam aura été le premier conflit passé à l’ère de la médiatisation mondialisée où les retransmissions d’images et de reportages télévisés souvent bouleversants doublèrent les moyens de diffusion classiques de presse et de radiodiffusion. Dès la fin du conflit, ce traitement à vif de l’information a été relayé par la publication de mémoires et d’essais d’acteurs civils et militaires, par des productions cinématographiques subjectives ou fictionnelles, par des recherches plus a...

  17. RESPONSE TO THE RICHARD ERSKINES ARTICLE RELATIONAL HEALING OF EARLY AFFECT-CONFUSION - PART 3 OF A CASE STUDY TRILOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maša Žvelc

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article provides four responses from senior psychotherapists and supervisors to Erskine’s articleRelational Healing of Early Affect-Confusion. The authors approach the third part of case study trilogy from their particular perspective and provide both challenge and respect for the author’s work.

  18. Illustrations scéniques de la perte : le cas de Richard II de William Shakespeare

    OpenAIRE

    Rivère de Carles, Nathalie

    2013-01-01

    Le spectacle de la royauté implique un recours à des stratégies symboliques précises. Celles-ci sont issues de l’étiquette royale et des représentations picturales dont elle fait l’objet. Le décorum royal est la forme matérielle du rituel politique et joue un rôle fondamental dans la création du roi. Lors d’une allocution à la Chambre des Communes, en 1586, la reine Elisabeth 1re souligna le caractère théâtral des monarques : « We princes, I tell you, are set on stages in the sight and view o...

  19. The Richard C. Schneider Lecture. New dimensions of neurosurgery in the realm of high technology: possibilities, practicalities, realities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apuzzo, M L

    1996-04-01

    Fueled by a buoyant economy, popular attitudes and demands, and parallel progress in transferable technical and biological areas, neurosurgery has enjoyed a remarkable quarter of a century of progress. Developmental trends in the discipline have included the following: 1) a refinement of preoperative definition of the structural substrate, 2) miniaturization of operative corridors, 3) reduction of operative trauma, 4) increased effectiveness at the target site, and 5) incorporation of improved technical adjuvants and physical operative tools into treatment protocols. In particular, the computer has become a formidable ally in diagnostic and surgical events. Trends in technical development indicate that we are entering an exciting era of advanced surgery of the human cerebrum, which is heralded by the following: 1) current developments in areas of imaging, sensors, and visualization; 2) new devices for localization and navigation; 3) new capabilities for action at the target point; and 4) innovative concepts related to advanced operative venues. Imaging has provided structurally based surgical maps, which now are being given the new dimension of function in complex and integrated formats for preoperative planning and intraoperative tactical direction. Cerebral localization and navigation based on these advances promise to provide further refinement to the field of stereotactic neurosurgery, as linked systems are superseded by more flexible nonlinked methodologies in functionally defined volume-oriented navigational databases. Target point action now includes not only ablative capabilities through micro-operative methods and the use of stereotactically directed high-energy forms but also the emergence of restorative capabilities through applications of principles of genetic engineering in the areas of molecular and cellular neurosurgery. Complex, dedicated, and self-contained operative venues will be required to optimize the emergence and development of these computer-oriented micro/stereotactic capabilities, which appear to be unavoidably required as locales for the practice and development of virtual reality-based stations for operative rehearsal, simulation, training, and, ultimately, enhancement of operative events through robotic interfaces. Primary impetus for progress has relied upon new combinations of technologies, disciplines, and industries. Philosophical and practical problems include the spectrum of availability of these methods to the population at large, the training of individuals to properly administer these methods, defining the acceptable envelope of expertise, and maintaining suitable delivery and progress while containing spiraling costs. Advanced neurological surgery and the use and development of high-technology adjuvants require a robust economy that has a populace willing to invest in the luxury of such developments. The current socioeconomic situation is fragile from the standpoint of both economics and attitudes of the patients and health care providers, with diversion of economic resources, redistribution of funding bases, modification of patient referrals, practice styles, and service attitudes undermining progress. Economic pressures have brought high-technology methods under great scrutiny regarding their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Reform proposals have specifically targeted technology-oriented services, and the Office of Technology Assessment has recommended increasing the use of managed care providers who look to information on cost-effectiveness and clinical practice guidelines to establish efficient management strategies and issue "report cards." Although the premise is laudable and "gimmickry" needs to be identified, it might be argued that such scrutiny and control might be overbearing and overused, impeding appropriate delivery and progress.

  20. The Entropy Solutions for the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards Traffic Flow Model with a Discontinuous Flow-Density Relationship

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lu, Yadong; Wong, S. C; Zhang, Mengping; Shu, Chi-Wang

    2007-01-01

    ... initial condition and piecewise constant boundary conditions. The existence and uniqueness of entropy solutions for such conservation laws with discontinuous fluxes are not known mathematically...

  1. Hacia una visión no fundacionalista del concepto de solidaridad: liberalismo y solidaridad en Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago De Zubiría

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Rorty invites us to abandon the belief that moral foundationalism of a universalist nature is useful for the moral progress of our societies. Instead, he suggests that post-modern secular liberalism and solidarity, understood as a local identification process and not as a universally binding principle, should be the axes of such progress. The present article will 1 clarify the redescription of solidarity made by Rorty, 2 show how such contingent redescription ends up being more useful for the attaining of solidarity that the foundationalist view, and 3 suggest an interpretation from which the self-empowerment between his notion of liberalism and the redescription of the concept of solidarity can be made evident.

  2. Miks ühel õnnestub ja teisel mitte? / Amy Edmonson, Richard Bohmer, Gary Pisano ; tõlk. Kadre Vaik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Edmonson, Amy

    2003-01-01

    16 meditsiinikeskuses läbi viidud uuringust eesmärgiga jälgida kirurgimeeskondade tööd ning kohanemist uute töömeetoditega. Kommenteerivad Toomas-Andres Sulling, Tiit Ojaveski ja Ela Velström. Vt. samas: Uus meetod murtud südame parandamiseks; Kahe haigla lugu. Lisa: Õppiv liider

  3. Synthesis and electroluminescence properties of europium (III) complexes with new second ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu Ze [Key Laboratory of Excite State Processes, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Changchun, 130033 (China); Wen Fushan [Key Laboratory of Excite State Processes, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Changchun, 130033 (China); Li Wenlian [Key Laboratory of Excite State Processes, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Changchun, 130033 (China)]. E-mail: wlli@163.net

    2005-05-01

    Two novel second ligands, 9,9-Di-(4-methoxyphenyl)-9-H-4,5-' (OMe-Spiro-DF) and 9,9-Di-(2-(4-(4-butyloxy)phenyl)-5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazolyl)-phenyl-9-H-4, 5-Diazafluorene (OXD-Spiro-DF), were successfully prepared. Europium complexes, Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OMe-Spiro-DF) and Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OXD-Spiro-DF) (DBM=dibenzolylmethane) based on the two ligands were designed and synthesized. For a double-layer device with configuration of indium tin oxide (ITO)/N, N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (TPD)/Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OXD-Spiro-DF) or Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OMe-Spiro-DF)/Mg/Ag, compared with the device based on complex Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OMe-Spiro-DF), the brightness and electroluminescent (EL) efficiency of device based on complex Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OXD-Spiro-DF) with oxadiazole-functionalized ligand OXD-Spiro-DF are significantly improved due to the improvement of electron-transporting ability. A maximum brightness of 154 cd/m{sup 2} was obtained at 17 V in the complex Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OXD-Spiro-DF), about four times brighter than the corresponding complex Eu(DBM){sub 3}(OMe-Spiro-DF)

  4. A New Approach for Studying Bond Rupture/Closure of a Spiro Benzopyran Photochromic Material: Reactivity Descriptors Derived from Frontier Orbitals and DFT Computed Electrostatic Potential Energy Surface Maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. A. Abdel-Mottaleb

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on computations technique within the framework of the TD-DFT theory for studying the relationship between structure-properties of reversible conversion of photochromic materials. Specifically, we report on 1′,3′-dihydro-8-methoxy-1′,3′,3′-trimethyl-6-nitrospiro[2H-1-benzopyran-2,2′-(2H-indole] (SP and its isomers. TD-DFT calculated UV-Vis electronic spectra of the closed and open isomers of this photochromic material are in excellent agreement with the experimental results. Moreover, this paper reports on the results of theoretical investigations of reactivity indices that may govern the conversion between spiropyrans and its isomers. In addition, the solvent and rigidity of the medium significantly control the thermal bleaching of the photogenerated colored isomers and hence the switch ability pattern of the photochromic material. The effect of molecular structure computed by DFT in gas-phase and solvents on Cspiro-O bond length has been shown to correlate with photochromic properties. For this compound, DFT optimized geometry could be used to predict photochromism. Furthermore, in an attempt to predict the driving force for MC → SP, this work explores, for the first time, profitable exploitation of the calculated and visualized mapped electrostatic potential energy surfaces (ESP map. Interestingly, it seems that the electrostatic potential forces over the molecular fragments govern spirobond rupture/closure reactions. Thermodynamically, all-trans-colored isomer (CTT is the most stable merocyanine-like form.

  5. Leituras e leitores de Richard Morse: a trajetória de um livro sobre a formação da metrópole paulista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Claudia Veiga de Castro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available De comunidade à metrópole: a biografia de São Paulo , was first published in 1954 and then re published in 1970 as Formação histórica de São Paulo: de comunidade à metrópole . Written by a young US researcher fascinated by Latin America, this material was originally submitted as his PhD thesis at Columbia University in 1952. Since then, Rich - ard Morse’s (1922-2001 work has come a long way and is now considered a primary reference in the history of urban development of São Paulo. This article briefly recovers the reader’s response when Morse’s research was first published, and how it ensured the book’s importance in the Brazilian historiography. The aim is to draw a parallel trajectory of the book and its author – the young researcher at Columbia who became a professor of Latin American History at Yale – and to discuss the meanings regarding its importance in São Paulo’s historiography as well as its contribution to a better understanding of the city.

  6. The New Alvin and the Scheduling/Planning Processes for the National Deep Submergence Facility Jon C. Alberts, Barrie B. Walden, Richard F. Pittinger

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberts, J.; Walden, B.

    2003-12-01

    The United States Deep Submergence Facility is in the process of obtaining support for construction of a new manned submersible as a replacement for DSV Alvin. A new 6000+ meter manned submersible will provide U.S. scientists with access to an additional 35 per cent of the ocean floor including some currently unreachable portions of the U.S. EEZ. Researchers will have a vehicle designed for the missions currently conducted and those of the foreseeable future having the power and endurance to maximize the usefulness of available research time. They will have a more comfortable vehicle with a larger interior, improved viewport placement, greater battery capacity, and generally better able to handle the burgeoning scientific equipment requirements. Lastly they will have a vehicle that builds on the experience and improvements of 35 years that have made ALVIN the most successful research submersible in the world. The adaptability of the National Deep Submergence Facility (NDSF) to a wide variety of science needs is its strength, but this complexity can also confuse and intimidate new users. The NDSF maintains strong science liaison services and provides potential users with assistance throughout the process of cruise planning, proposal preparation, and execution of field programs. Procedures for gaining access to these vehicles are not difficult and potential users are assisted both directly by the NDSF personnel and also through a user group of scientists dedicated to providing the benefit of their experience. A successful mechanism for obtaining feedback between users and operator has been established through the Deep Submergence Science Committee (a UNOLS oversight committee) and the science community. Programs are selected for funding on a competitive basis through various federal funding agencies by standard agency review processes. DSV ALVIN and its support ship R/V ATLANTIS are owned by the U.S. Navy and operated under charter agreement with the Office of Naval Research. Operation of the NDSF remotely operated vehicle (ROV) assets can be arranged in a fly-away mode on appropriate vessels within the UNOLS fleet or on commercial vessels or foreign research vessels provided they are suitably equipped. Scheduling of the R/V ATLANTIS is arranged through UNOLS, as is the use of the ROVs on UNOLS ships. Coordination between funding agencies and the UNOLS scheduling process strives to provide the users with the optimal scheduling of the assets in a given year. Requests for at-sea use of these assets remain strong for the foreseeable future.

  7. CORR® ORS Richard A. Brand Award for Outstanding Orthopaedic Research: Engineering flexor tendon repair with lubricant, cells, and cytokines in a canine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Chunfeng; Ozasa, Yasuhiro; Reisdorf, Ramona L; Thoreson, Andrew R; Jay, Gregory D; An, Kai-Nan; Amadio, Peter C

    2014-09-01

    Adhesions and poor healing are complications of flexor tendon repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate a tissue engineering approach to improve functional outcomes after flexor tendon repair in a canine model. Flexor digitorum profundus tendons were lacerated and repaired in 60 dogs that were followed for 10, 21, or 42 days. One randomly selected repair from either the second or fifth digit in one paw in each dog was treated with carbodiimide-derivatized hyaluronic acid, gelatin, and lubricin plus autologous bone marrow stromal cells stimulated with growth and differentiation factor 5; control repair tendons were not treated. Digits were analyzed by adhesion score, work of flexion, tendon-pulley friction, failure force, and histology. In the control group, 35 of 52 control tendons had adhesions, whereas 19 of 49 treated tendons had adhesions. The number of repaired tendons with adhesions in the control group was greater than the number in the treated group at all three times (p = 0.005). The normalized work of flexion in treated tendons was 0.28 (± 0.08), 0.29 (± 0.19), and 0.32 (± 0.22) N/mm/° at Day 10, Day 21, and Day 42 respectively, compared with the untreated tendons of 0.46 (± 0.19) at Day 10 (effect size, 1.5; p = 0.01), 0.77 (± 0.49) at Day 21 (effect size, 1.4; p < 0.001), and 1.17 (± 0.82) N/mm/° at Day 42 (effect size, 1.6; p < 0.001). The friction data were comparable to the work of flexion data at all times. The repaired tendon failure force in the untreated group at 42 days was 70.2 N (± 8.77), which was greater than the treated tendons 44.7 N (± 8.53) (effect size, 1.9; p < 0.001). Histologically, treated repairs had a smooth surface with intrinsic healing, whereas control repairs had surface adhesions and extrinsic healing. Our study provides evidence that tissue engineering coupled with restoration of tendon gliding can improve the quality of tendon healing in a large animal in vivo model. Tissue engineering may enhance intrinsic tendon healing and thus improve the functional outcomes of flexor tendon repair.

  8. 60 Years of Southwestern Archaeology, A History of the Pecos Conference, by Richard B. Woodbury, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1993.

    OpenAIRE

    Reyman, Jonathan E.

    1993-01-01

    Among the least commendable characteristics of the New Archaeology is a marked anti-historical perspective. The history of archaeology and much, if not most, of earlier theory, method, and the results of fieldwork are considered not worth knowing or irrelevant, especially for graduate education: "graduate courses in anthropology should cease being histories of thought" (Schiffer 1976:193). Regrettably, New Archaeologists generally ad...

  9. 60 Years of Southwestern Archaeology, A History of the Pecos Conference, by Richard B. Woodbury, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1993.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available Among the least commendable characteristics of the New Archaeology is a marked anti-historical perspective. The history of archaeology and much, if not most, of earlier theory, method, and the results of fieldwork are considered not worth knowing or irrelevant, especially for graduate education: "graduate courses in anthropology should cease being histories of thought" (Schiffer 1976:193. Regrettably, New Archaeologists generally adopted this perspective and attitude, and partly because they did not pay attention to the history of archaeology, they tended to confirm Santayana's "hypothesis" about the consequences of forgetting the past: many of the arguments and accompanying rancor in the current debate between New Archaeologists and Post-Processualists resound the confrontation of a quarter century ago between New Archaeologists - "the louts" as Florence Hawley Ellis called them (p. 307, this volume and their predecessors. Furthermore, because the antihistorical bias became so widely adopted, it was difficult to publish on the history of archaeology, at least in the United States.

  10. Lawrence LeDuc; Richard G. Niemi; Pippa Norris (orgs. (2014, Comparing Democracies 4: Elections and Voting in a Changing World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Luís

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Um modelo de governação democrático com a realização de eleições é hoje em dia o paradigma assente a nível internacional, havendo apenas uma minoria de países em que não se realizam eleições de qualquer tipo. É deste ponto que parte a presente obra. No entanto, longe de ser uma conclusão de conforto, esta constatação abre precisamente duas perguntas de partida, para dois contextos diferentes. A primeira refere‑se ao facto de não existir nenhuma democracia perfeita, sendo por isso necessário d...

  11. Lawrence LeDuc; Richard G. Niemi; Pippa Norris (orgs.) (2014), Comparing Democracies 4: Elections and Voting in a Changing World

    OpenAIRE

    Luís, Carla

    2014-01-01

    Um modelo de governação democrático com a realização de eleições é hoje em dia o paradigma assente a nível internacional, havendo apenas uma minoria de países em que não se realizam eleições de qualquer tipo. É deste ponto que parte a presente obra. No entanto, longe de ser uma conclusão de conforto, esta constatação abre precisamente duas perguntas de partida, para dois contextos diferentes. A primeira refere‑se ao facto de não existir nenhuma democracia perfeita, sendo por isso necessário d...

  12. Hillslope-storage Boussinesq model for subsurface flow and variable source areas along complex hillslopes: 2. Intercomparison with a three-dimensional Richards equation model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paniconi, C.; Troch, P.A.A.; Loon, van E.E.; Hilberts, A.G.J.

    2003-01-01

    The Boussinesq equation for subsurface flow in an idealized sloping aquifer of unit width has recently been extended to hillslopes of arbitrary geometry by incorporating the hillslope width function w(x) into the governing equation, where x is the flow distance along the length of the hillslope [

  13. Richard MÈMETEAU (2014), Pop culture, réflexions sur l’industrie du rêve et l’invention des identités

    OpenAIRE

    Monin, Chloé

    2016-01-01

    Les cultural studies anglo-saxonnes et, plus largement, les courants disciplinaires prenant pour objet d’étude les industries culturelles ne sont plus un phénomène nouveau dans l’univers de la recherche. Elles sont néanmoins particulièrement vivantes. La culture geek et sa récente légitimation retiennent ainsi l’attention de plusieurs chercheurs, comme en témoignent les ouvrages récents de David Peyrron (2014) et Mathieu Tricot (2011). Les popular music studies, nouveau courant des cultural s...

  14. Richard B. Russell Dam and Lake, Savannah River, Georgia and South Carolina Final Foundation Report, Concrete Dam, Embankments and Powerhouse. Volume 1. Text and Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-03

    of 1974. This road, which connects the Bobby Brown Park road to the damsite, was coIpleted in 1975. In Decerber 1975, Southeastern Highway Contracting...DEVIATION: 0.103 49 c !49 it was not sturated with grourdwater at the tine it was grouted. Although Nrahlswere drilled in and near these ucuw’tot jointed

  15. The Beaverdam Group: Archaeological Investigations at 9EB92, 9EB207, 9EB208 and 9EB219 Richard B. Russell Multiple Resource Area, Elbert County, Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    cultigens such as maize, beans, squash, and gourds from Mesoamerica (Yarnell 1976, Struever 1971, Cutler and Blake 1973, Struever and Vickery 1973). Unlike so...emerging to suggest that the origin of domestication lies not locally but in Mesoamerica . Recent C-14 dated plant remains from 7 the Carlston-Annis site in...concept of horticulture that originated in Mesoamerica (Chomko and Crawford 1978:405). Whatever the source or inspiration of the appearance of food pro

  16. Richard Wright e William “Big Bill" Broonzy : diálogos narrativas da grande migração negra americana (1930-1960)

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Branca Maria Lopes de Albuquerque

    2007-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Estudos Americanos apresentada à Universidade Aberta Resumo - A Grande Migração Negra Americana do século XX foi a maior movimentação humana interna ocorrida nos Estados Unidos. Durante décadas milhões de afro-americanos dirigiram-se para Norte em busca de melhores condições de vida, fugindo de um Sul racista e opressor que os intimidava e discriminava. A Chicago chegou a maioria desses migrantes, incluindo muitos músicos de jazz e blues, que consigo levaram uma ...

  17. Eva Rieger: Leuchtende Liebe, lachender Tod. Richard Wagners Bild der Frau im Spiegel seiner Musik. Düsseldorf: Patmos Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gesa Krüger

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Eva Rieger lässt den Leser/die Leserin in das Schaffen Wagners eintauchen. Dabei ermöglicht sie nicht nur einen Überblick über Wagners wichtigste Werke und persönliche Beziehungen, sondern führt außerdem vor Augen, wie Geschlecht nicht nur in den Geschichten der Opern, dem Text, (re-produziert wird, sondern ebenfalls in der Musik(-sprache Wagners. Rieger zeigt eindrücklich, wie und in welcher Weise Wagner in seinen Opern seine Musiksprache für das Erzeugen von Stimmungen, Charakterzüge und eben auch von Geschlechterrollen nutzt. Dabei wird deutlich, wie bei Wagner biographisch nachweisbare lebensgeschichtliche Erfahrungen mit den Weiblichkeitsbildern, die er in seinen Opern schafft, korrespondieren.Eva Rieger lets the reader dive into the world and life of Wagner. She not only provides an overview on Wagner’s important works and personal relationships, but she also shows how gender is not only (re-produced in the stories of the operas, the text, but also in Wagner’s music(-language. Rieger manages to show impressively, how and in what manner Wagner uses his musical language in order to create atmospheres, characteristics, as well as even gender roles in his operas. In doing so, it becomes clear how Wagner’s biographically verified life experiences correspond with the images of the feminine that he creates in his operas.

  18. Analysis of the turbojet engine for propulsion of supersonic fighter airplanes / David S. Gabriel, Richard P. Krebs, E.Clinton Wilcox, Stanley L.Koutz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, David S; Krebs, Richard P; Wilcox, E Clinton; Koutz, Stanley L

    1953-01-01

    An analytical investigation was made of two supersonic interceptor type airplanes to determine the most desirable turbojet engine characteristics for this application The airplanes were designed differently primarily because of the amount of subsonic flight incorporated in the flight plan--one flight having none and the other, a cruise radius of 400 nautical miles. Several power plant design variables were varied independently to determine the effect of changes in each parameter on airplane performance. These parameters included compressor pressure ratio, compressor efficiency, turbine-inlet temperature, afterburner temperature, engine specific weight, and air-handling capacity. The effects of using a convergent-divergent exhaust nozzle and of changing the design flight Mach number were also investigated.

  19. Testing and Evaluation of the 84 Sites and Reconnaissance of the Islands and Cleveland Property, Richard B. Russell Dam and Lake, Savannah River, Georgia and South Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    Test pit 2, 105N, 130E, was excavated in one level to 4 cm. A root mold was located in the center of the square and a concentration of sand- stone...noted that this structure once served as a kitchen building for the larger house. The remains of a molasses ( sorghum ) furnace were denoted by Feature E...room was paneled with unplaned I x 6- and I x 8s with no window or ceiling moldings . We cannot presently discern whether this room is a separate building

  20. The twelfth Sir Richard Fairey memorial lecture: The annoyance due to road traffic noise, the mathematical modelling of such noise and the sound proofing of road vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamure, C.

    1981-12-01

    The paper is divided into three parts illustrating three directions in traffic noise research. Studies on the effects of noise habitually involve surveys about people living close to highways, and these are discussed in the first part. There are still many difficulties in connecting the kinds and extent of disturbance people say they experience with traffic noise, but great hopes lie in the observation of behaviour. The accuracy in the descriptions of real exposure to noise becomes increasingly significant in the analyses of sleep disturbances. The bulk of the studies carried out so far has led to the definition of indices and thresholds for daytime disturbances but progress is still required in the field of night-time disturbances. The second part is about methods of prediction of traffic noise and some principles are recalled that tend to be overlooked in the current use of Leq. The use of other indices and studies on measure-accuracy would restore their significance to statistical approaches which must follow realistic laws of distribution of vehicle intervals and also of vehicle acoustical powers. Yet too much mathematical sophistication is often useless in common cases of application. The last part ddeals with noise reduction at source. Various prototypes of quiet trucks enable us to evaluate fairly correctly the costs and additional weights entailed by reductions of emissions of about 10 dB(A) when engines are encapsulated. The range of experiments on cars is not so wide but various operations in Europe are currently aiming at designing cars that would not emit more than 73-74 dB (instead of 80 dB(A) in the present regulations). Similarly, the methods and instrumentation to study engine noise have been greatly developed over the last five years. In conclusion it can be said that traffic noise has touched off widely diversified research involving various specialities. Metrology is comparatively less important than it used to be 15 years ago.