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Sample records for sociedade mineira colonial

  1. Desigualdad y racismo. Demografía y sociedad en Cuba a fines de la época colonial

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    Tornero, Pablo

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the demographic structure and nature of Cuban society in the late 19th-century on the basis of the census of 1899. He argues that the strongly marked social differentiation in Cuba at the time, the duality in its social order of whites v. blacks, was grounded in the prevailing economic structure of the island and ultimately in the plantation economy. This situation conditioned the integration of the black population in Cuba's civil society in the first years of the new republic.

    Estudio de la estructura demográfica y caracterización de la sociedad cubana de finales del siglo XIX, a partir del censo de 1899. En él se trata de demostrar que la fuerte desigualdad social de la sociedad cubana de fines de la época colonial, la dualidad de su entramado social, blancos y negros, es consecuencia de la estructura económica de la isla que tenía su base en la plantación. Este proceso condicionó la integración de la población de color en la sociedad civil cubana, en los primeros años de la república.

  2. Sociedad civil, política y dominio colonial en Cuba (1878-1895

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    José A. PIQUERAS

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente artículo se interesa por la evolución de la sociedad cubana en el período de entreguerras comprendido entre 1878 y 1895 y por el marco político en que pudieron expresarse la diversidad de formas e intereses sociales. Se destaca el desarrollo superior de la sociedad civil en relación a un sistema político que debía asegurar el dominio español. La instauración de ese sistema político, sin embargo, legalizó las expresiones políticas y las situó en un terreno público contribuyendo a poner de relieve las insuficiencias y el carácter opresivo de la dependencia, fomentando con ello la conciencia de discriminación que estuvo en la base de la nación emergente en vísperas de la insurrección de 1895. Palabras Clave: Cuba, política, sociedad civil, nacionalismo, insurrección. ABSTRACT: This article deals with the evolution of Cuban society in the period between wars (1878-1895 and with the political framework in which a variety of social forms and interests were expressed. It focuses on the higher development of civil society in comparison with a political system which had to ensure Spanish control. The establishment of that political system, however, legalized political expression and placed it in the public arena, thus helping to underline the inadequacy and oppressive character of dependence, and to foster the awareness of discrimination which was in the foundations of the emerging nation on the eve of the 1895 insurrection. Key words: Cuba, Politics, Civil Society, Nationalism, Insurrection.

  3. O CASAMENTO NA SOCIEDADE COLONIAL LUSO-BRASILEIRA: UMA ANÁLISE HISTÓRICO-TEOLÓGICA

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    Riolando Azzi

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available O matrimônio constitui um tema ao qual a Igreja dedicou sempre muita atenção. A finalidade deste estudo ó detectar os principais enfoques teológicos utilizados na sociedade colonial luso-brasileira na abordagem desse assunto. É necessário ter presente que esta questão foi vista sob dois prismas diversos: um erudito e outro, popular. A teologia erudita procurou dar enfatizar as referências bíblicas; a religião popular ressaltou a importância da proteção divina através da intercessão dos santos.

  4. Modelo de desenvolvimento local na Amazônia Pré-Colonial: complexidade cultural e modernidade em sociedades pré-coloniais da Amazônia

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    Edinaldo Pinheiro Nunes Filho

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Este artigo retrata a cultura material das sociedades complexas pré-coloniais que existiram nos estados do Pará e Amapá e destaca a importância do trabalho interdisciplinar como meio para que as evidências arqueológicas colaborem a se repensar a relação entre as populações humanas e o meio ambiente na Amazônia pré-colonial.  Assim, o artigo trabalha a complexidade cultural como conseqüência de desenvolvimento sustentável.

  5. Fundar, gobernar y rezar: Una aproximación a los vínculos entre sociedad, política y religión en el Jujuy colonial (1656-1776 Fundar, governar e rezar: Uma aproximacão aos vinculos entre a sociedade, politica e religião da Jujuy colonial (1656-1776 To Fund, to Govern and to Pray: An Aproximation to the Links Between Society, Politics and Religion in Colonial Jujuy (1656-1776

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    Dolores Estruch

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se propone analizar las relaciones entre religión, política y sociedad colonial, explorando la naturaleza de estos vínculos a partir de las prácticas concretas de los miembros de la cofradía del Santísimo Sacramento en el Jujuy colonial. Nos interesa, en particular, hacer foco en el proceso de construcción y legitimación del poder desde una perspectiva que contemple el entrelazamiento entre las dimensiones sociopolíticas y religiosas, propio de estas sociedades.O presente trabalho se propõe analisar as relações entre religião, política y sociedade colonial, explorando (pesquisando a natureza destas ligações (vinculações a partir das praticas concretas dos integrantes da cofraria do Santíssimo Sacramento no Jujuy colonial. Nós estamos interessados, em especial, fazer foco no processo de construção e legitimação do poder desde uma perspectiva que contemple este entrelaçamento entre as dimensões sociopolíticas e religiosas.This article analyzes the links between religion, politics and colonial society, and explores the nature of these relations in the concrete practices of the members of the Santísimo Sacramento brotherhood of colonial Jujuy. We focus on the process of construction and legitimation of power, from a perspective that takes into account the interconnections between the sociopolitical and religious dimensions.

  6. Sociedad digital, sociedad dual

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    Gustavo Cimadevilla

    2009-01-01

    Lejos de las luchas obreras y campesinas contra el maquinismo, más cerca de las preocupaciones y debates interminables de los años ochenta del siglo xx, centrados en la revolución microelectrónica y la telemática; pero dentro de una sociedad que procura seducirse y seducirnos por el crecimiento de las tecnologías digitales y los dispositivos inteligentes, es oportuno repasar las caras y contracaras de lo que puede denominarse dualismo digital, un estado de realidad altamente cargado de noveda...

  7. Sociedad digital, sociedad dual

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    Gustavo Cimadevilla

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Lejos de las luchas obreras y campesinas contra el maquinismo, más cerca de las preocupaciones y debates interminables de los años ochenta del siglo xx, centrados en la revolución microelectrónica y la telemática; pero dentro de una sociedad que procura seducirse y seducirnos por el crecimiento de las tecnologías digitales y los dispositivos inteligentes, es oportuno repasar las caras y contracaras de lo que puede denominarse dualismo digital, un estado de realidad altamente cargado de novedades, estadísticas y tendencias que auguran cierto optimismo tecnológico. El trabajo plantea interrogantes y explora líneas de discusión que procuran apartarse de la tecnofobia y la tecnofilia, que han caracterizado a muchos de los debates del campo.

  8. Vida material, religiosidad y sociedad colonial. Espacios, objetos y prácticas de consumo en el colegio jesuita de la ciudad de Antioquia. 1726-1767.

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    Edgardo Pérez Morales.

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the history of material life in the Jesuit College of the City of Antioquia, New Kingdom of Granada, during the eighteenth century. By linking urban and rural consumption practices on Jesuit estates with the patterns of everyday life and social hierarchies, this article argues that objects and spaces were consumed and used according to the Catholic religiosity and the political and spiritual hierarchy that characterized the colonial social order. This framework gave meaning to material life, but the limits it imposed on consumption practices could be transgressed in certain circumstances.

  9. Paternalismo, iluminismo y libertad. La vigencia de la Instrucción esclavista de 1789 y su impacto en la sociedad colonial

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    María Eugenia Chaves Maldonado

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1789 the colonial government of Spain emitted a Royal Decree which regulated the handling of slaves in America. This document recognized the humanity of the slaves and required their masters to fulfill a number of duties to assure the protection and conservation of their lives. This reformative rule became the target of harsh criticism on the part of American slavers that finally forced the Spanish Crown to temporally suspend its application. Despite that, the decree was distributed and made known in all the American territories. Its strength as a legal tool was fundamental to the slave freedom movement up until the 19th Century. In this article it is argued, that the effectiveness of the rule in legal practice responded to the long tradition of identity construction of slaves in the West. From the Roman Codes of Common Law, through the Medieval Castilian Codes to the Indian Legal Rules, this discourse opened the way for slaves to affirm their humanity and independence. The master, on the other hand, defined himself in a close relationship to his paternalistic duties towards slaves. Those duties were to condition his control. This historic thickness is present in the reformist rules and allowed its postulates to adapt quickly to the changing circumstances of slavery at the end of the 18th Century.

  10. A GOVERNANÇA EM REDE NA REGULAÇÃO DA EDUCAÇÃO BÁSICA MINEIRA: QUEM GOVERNA O QUÊ?

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    Zara Figueiredo Tripodi

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O propósito deste texto é examinar a lógica da governança em rede que vem sendo tecida nas políticas educacionais em Minas Gerais, no âmbito da educação básica, em decorrência da intensificação do uso de mecanismos gerenciais utilizados nas reformas estatais. Tomam-se como referência resultados de pesquisa documental que examinou o processo de instituição da agenda contratual na educação mineira e o seu aprofundamento com a abordagem do "Estado em Rede", abrangendo o período de 2003 a 2014. As evidências encontradas indicam que as modificações ocorridas, principalmente com a introdução da figura das Organizações da Sociedade Civil de Interesse Púbico (OSCIPs, concorreram para uma alteração na forma de atuação do Estado, relativamente à educação básica, reordenando o seu papel, que passa a ser de regulador da regulação, caracterizando, assim, uma "metagovernança". Conclui-se apontando tensões que a abordagem em rede traz para a concretização de valores públicos como igualdade e cidadania.

  11. Nine years of charcoal continuous sintering in Belgo-Mineira Iron and Steel Company (BMISC); Nove anos de operacao da sinterizacao continua a carvao vegetal da Companhia Siderurgica Belgo Mineira (CSBM)

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    Mines, Claude Rene Camille; Lamas, Vicente Paulo Barroso; Junqueira, Sergio Almeida; Castro, Riolando de Souza; Vital, Raimundo Geraldo; Vieira, Nelson [Companhia Siderurgica Belgo Mineira, Joao Monlevade, MG (Brazil)

    1988-12-31

    The principal data of the continuous sintering plant from Belgo Mineira Iron and Steel Company, Brazil, are shown. The evolution of data and the operational procedures to obtain them are discussed. The procedures to improve data are also described. (author) 1 ref., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Derecho y Sociedad

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    ASOCIACION CIVIL DERECHO Y SOCIEDAD FACULTAD DE DERECHO

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Reseña de actividades desarrolladas por la Asociación Civil Derecho y Sociedad, a lo largo de su permanencia-dentro de la Facultad de Derecho de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú vinculadas a la sociedad en general, algunas ligadas al campo jurídico, mientras que otras tuvieron un sentido altruista.

  13. As narrativas do Reino: análise narrativa de programas televisivos da Igreja Universal nas madrugadas mineiras

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    Marco Túlio Sousa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dissertação:SOUSA, Marco Túlio de. As narrativas do Reino: Análise narrativa de programas televisivos da Igreja Universal nas madrugadas mineiras. 2014. 186f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Comunicação Social. Programa de Pós-graduação em Comunicação Social da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, Belo Horizonte (MG.

  14. Notas acerca de los dispositivos de poder en la sociedad colonial-fronteriza, la resistencia y la transculturación de los reche-mapuches del Centro-Sur de Chile (XVI-XVIII

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    Boccara, Guillaume

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The mapuche or Araucanians of South-Center Chile are famous for their ferocious and plurisecular resistance to the Spanish invader. This traditional image of the indomitable, brave and warrior Indian and the vision of the Colony as a permanent period of war have been criticated by the Estudios Fronterizos. This historical movement who emerged in Chile at the beginning of the 1980's proposed a new interpretation of the «encounter» between Spanish and southern indigenous people in order to take into account the pacifical contacts and the frontier relationships. Nevertheless, we will demonstrate that in their will to escape from the warfare paradigm, the Estudios Fronterizos have made another mistake which consists to speak about peace when it seems more appropriate to see transformations into the power devices. What is more, we will understand that their ethnocentrical point of view impeded them to see one of the most important concequence of the conquest: the emergence of a new ethnical group and the construction of a new mapuche identity through a long process of ethnogenesis which changed the reche of the 16th century into the mapuche of the 18th century.

    Los mapuche o araucanos del centro-sur de Chile son célebres por la plurisecular resistencia que opusieron al invasor español en su voluntad de dominar la frontera sur del Tahuantinsuyu. Esta imagen tradicional del indio indómito, valiente y guerrero y de la Colonia como período de guerra permanente ha sido objeto de crítica por parte de los Estudios Fronterizos. Esta corriente historiográfica propuso una nueva visión del «encuentro» hispano-indígena que tomara en cuenta las relaciones fronterizas. Se muestra, sin embargo, que en su afán de escapar al paradigma de la guerra permanente, esta corriente ha caído en otro escollo que consiste en hablar de paz cuando parece más ajustado hablar de cambios en los dispositivos de poder, y asimismo ha dejado

  15. Hacia una sociedad hipertextual

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    Mireya Barón Pulido

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo de revisión analiza y relaciona los resultados de varias investigaciones que toman como objeto de estudio los elementos que incursionan en el contexto de la comunicación desde la red: hiperdocumento, macronavegación y micronavegación. Dimensiones y procesos que afectan y transforman los mismos niveles de interacción al interior de las sociedades; hoy día reco- nocidas como sociedades digitales. El lector encontrará referencia a algunos estudios locales e internacionales haciendo referencia a corpus multimediáticos del periodismo y de la publicidad que permiten evidenciar dichos elementos y que sugieren la transformación y, en algunos casos, la construcción de nuevos patrones de interacción social entre lectores y perceptores.

  16. A sociedade dos vivos

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    Leis Héctor Ricardo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A pergunta: qual é o significado da experiência da morte na sociedade contemporânea? A hipótese: que existe uma faceta sombria e degradante da condição humana, associada à privatização institucional ou "pacificação" da morte que estamos assistindo em nossa época. Muitos teóricos sociais contemporâneos apostam em estratégias como a reflexividade para reconstruir a fragmentação do ser humano, porém essa reconstrução mal poderia vir sem procurar apoio em aspectos chaves da condição humana. Apontar alguns dos déficits da teoria social contemporânea e assinalar alguns caminhos para superar impasses da sociedade contemporânea resume a tentativa deste trabalho.

  17. La sociedad participativa

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    Juan Díaz Bordenave

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor presenta dos artículos que se complementan: El primero analiza los factores que hacen a una nueva sociedad participativa. Presenta a la situación actual como la expansión del consumo, la violencia política y social, la deuda externa, la aceleración del deterioro del medio ambiente rural y urbano. Planea el que la comunicación y la participación deben considerarse como partes orgánicas de un proceso: la histórica construcción colectiva de una sociedad participativa centrada en tres herramientas: la organización de la economía autogestionaria, el papel de la educación y las funciones de la comunicación.El segundo artículo intenta definir el perfil de un comunicador social al servicio de la sociedad, parte fundamental para lograr un mundo más justo.

  18. TIEMPO Y RITUAL. UNA APROXIMACIÓN AL ANÁLISIS DE LAS REPRESENTACIONES DEL ORDEN EN LA SOCIEDAD COLONIAL(GOBERNACIÓN DEL TUCUMÁN, SIGLOS XVII Y XVIII / Time and ritual. An approach to the analysis of the order representation in colonial Tucumán´s society.

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    Silvina Smietniansky

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo de carácter exploratorio constituye una primera aproximación al análisis de las experiencias y los sentidos del tiempo implicados en las representaciones del orden social, según lo han vivido y significado los vecinos y los funcionarios de gobierno en Indias durante el período colonial. Nos proponemos desarrollar un estudio comparativo de las  instituciones del cabildo y los juicios de residencia, basado en el examen de un conjunto de documentos  de gobierno y justicia relativos a la gobernación del Tucumán durante los siglos XVII y XVIII y organizado a partir de dos interrogantes centrales. Por un lado, interesa abordar cómo se configuraban  y articulaban dos experiencias del tiempo diversas -un tiempo local y cotidiano y, otro tiempo que denominamos regio y ritual-; y por otro lado, exploramos de qué manera el carácter tradicional y formalizado de las prácticas que los cabildantes y los participantes del juicio de residencia desarrollaban en los contextos institucionales, contribuía a construir una representación del orden social figurado de gran estabilidad y anclado en un tiempo de larga duración.Palabras clave: tiempo; ritual; cabildos; juicio de residencia; Tucumán colonialAbstractThis exploratory work constitutes an approach to the analysis of time experiences y meanings that were implies in social order representation according to the lives and perspectives of  the vecinos and government functionaries in Indias during the colonial period. We intend to develop a comparative study of the cabildo and juicio de residencia institutions, based on the exam of a set of government and justice documents relative to the Tucumán province during XVII and XVIII centuries, and organized upon to tow central questions. On one side, we are interested on how two different time experience –a local and ordinary time, and another time that we called regal and ritual- were configured and articulated; and on the other side, we

  19. Análise Espacial da Produtividade de Óleo Vegetal para Produção de Biodiesel na Zona da Mata Mineira

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    Rudolph Fabiano Alves Pedroza Teixeira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the late 1990’s vegetable oils have been conquering an increasing importance in the world.In virtue of reducing the CO2 emissions and promoting regional development, the biodieselemerges as a viable alternative. Hence this articleappraises the productivity of vegetable oil forthe production of biodiesel in the Zona da Mata Mineira over the period 2005/2006, using theexploratory spatial data analysis. In order to measure the productive potential of vegetable oil atthe regional level, one calculates the content of oil for each vegetable and these contents aresummed up to obtain the total of vegetable oil. Clusters were identified for the production ofvegetables both the high efficiency and low efficiency. The finding reveal the possibility ofgenerating jobs in most regions within Zona da MataMineira. Hence one observes the plantation ofvegetables for the production of biodiesel is highly viable in the Zona da Mata Mineira

  20. ENVELHECIMENTO, CULTURA E SOCIEDADE

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    Andréa Viude

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a participação do eixo envelhecimento, cultura e sociedade no projeto político-pedagógico do Curso de Gerontologia da Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades da Universidade de São Paulo – EACH/USP. O envelhecimento é discutido à luz do pensamento complexo. A heterogeneidade da velhice encontra-se presente ao longo de toda a discussão, com ênfase nos aspectos socioculturais do envelhecimento. Palavras-chave: envelhecimento; aspectos socioculturais; complexidade.

  1. Sociedade Civil e Governo na Gestão de Cidades: a incidência do Movimento Nossa BH nas políticas públicas

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    Teodósio, Armindo dos Santos de Sousa; Cardoso do Nascimento, Daniele; Rocha Palmeira, Elis; Copolillo Ayres, Laise

    2016-01-01

    O artigo analisa a atuação do Movimento Nossa BH (MNBH) na construção de espaços participativos de discussão de políticas públicas na capital mineira, a partir das relações que se estabelecem entre organizações da sociedade civil (OSCs) e governo. Os principais constructos teóricos utilizados são o de participação popular e esfera pública, de modo a se problematizar as formas de participação da sociedade civil em políticas públicas e as dificuldades enfrentadas para que ela se fortaleça na tr...

  2. de la sociedad argentina

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    Diego Galeano

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata sobre un período de la historia argentina en el cual la "mirada médica", a través de un grupo de prestigiosos intelectuales, se convirtió en una clave de interpretación de la sociedad argentina. El análisis gira en torno a la obra de uno de los médicos higienistas más influyentes, José María Ramos Mejía, deteniéndose especialmente en su libro más famoso: Las multitudes argentinas (1899. La hipótesis principal que recorre el texto es la siguiente: la medicalización de la sociedad, acentuada luego de las epidemias de cólera y fiebre amarilla de mediados del siglo XIX, ofreció a las elites públicas la posibilidad de construir dominios legítimos de intervención estatal. Intromisiones del Estado en la vida privada que, además de ser algo resistidas por la población, entraban en tensión con los principios teóricos del liberalismo que los propios miembros de la elite defendían.

  3. de la sociedad actual

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    René Alejandro Jiménez Ornelas

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia no es producida aleatoriamente, sino que parte de una cultura de conflictos familiares, sociales, económicos y políticos, y en general, del sistema globalizado que a su vez permea las diferentes formas de vida en la sociedad, donde los estilos de vida de los jóvenes son catalogados como formas de delincuencia. El objetivo de esos estilos de vida, sin embargo, sólo consiste en distanciarse culturalmente de una sociedad que los jóvenes no han fabricado. Víctimas de la discriminación social y excluidos de las decisiones importantes, muchos jóvenes carecen de planes o proyectos de vida, y son considerados incapaces de adaptarse al medio social, por lo cual toman la delincuencia como alternativa de sobrevivencia. El fácil acceso a las drogas, la falta de oportunidades de empleo, salud, educación y espacios para la cultura y el deporte, la desintegración familiar, la impunidad, entre otros factores, componen el contexto en el que nace y crece la juventud mexicana del siglo XXI.

  4. A materialidade da escola mineira no século XIX (1825-1850

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    Marcilaine Soares Inácio

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Esse artigo analisa o processo de configuração da instrução pública em Minas Gerais entre 1825 e 1852 focalizando o arranjo material da escola como estratégia de organização do ensino elementar. O objetivo é mostrar, como a partir das experiências com o método de ensino mútuo produziu-se uma materialidade para a escola elementar. Para isso identificamos e caracterizamos os utensílios e o mobiliário escolar, buscando demonstrar como a introdução de uma série de novidades materiais modificou o ensino. Para o período estudado recorremos aos relatórios dos presidentes da província mineira, a um conjunto de correspondências enviadas a eles por professores e delegados de círculos literários, à matéria Educação Elementar do jornal O Universal, a um compêndio e a uma lista de castigos do ensino mútuo. Palavras-chave: instrução pública em Minas Gerais; história da educação.   Abstract This article aims at analyzing the formation of public teaching in Minas Gerais from 1825 to 1855 focussing at the school material as organizational strategy for elementary education. Our goal is to show how from the experiences involving the mutual teaching method materials for the elementary school we created. We, therefore, employed identified and characterized the both the furniture and school utensils trying to show how the introduction of such tools changed teaching. We employed records used by the province presidents, letters sent to them both by teachers and deputies of literary circles, news from O universo (newspaper, a manual and a list of punishments of mutual teaching. Keywords: public teaching in Minas Gerais; history of education.

  5. Colonial Institutions

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    McAtackney, Laura; Palmer, Russell

    2016-01-01

    and the USA which reveal that the study of colonial institutions should not be limited to the functional life of these institutions—or solely those that take the form of monumental architecture—but should include the long shadow of “imperial debris” (Stoler 2008) and immaterial institutions....

  6. Violencia, Sociedad y Salud

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    Gustavo Malagón Londoño

    1995-04-01

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    Promovida por la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, con el auspicio de la Organización de los Estados Americanos y del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, se celebró el pasado mes en Washington, la Primera Conferencia Interamericana sobre Violencia, Sociedad y Salud.

    Quienes tuvimos la oportunidad de asistir como delegados, participamos en un certamen sin precedentes para el cual se dieron cita los representantes de todos los países de América y el Caribe, con la presencia del Director de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, el Secretario de la OEA, el Presidente del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, de la Directora Regional para América Latina y el Caribe del Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia, del Director General para América Latina y el Caribe del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo, del Secretario del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los Estados Unidos de América, además de Ministros de Salud, Justicia y del Interior de los países de la región.

    El temario desarrollado no podía ser de mayor importancia y más relievante actualidad. A través de las varias disertaciones muy bien documentadas nos colocamos en la realidad que consume a la mayoría de los países, con el nuestro a la cabeza, de la más cruel violencia, con cifras escalofriantes no sólo por el crecido número de víctimas, sino por los altos costos que ésta está presentando, además de las implicciones de todo orden que en forma bien clara viene significando. En el año de 1993 ocurrieron en América Latina y el Caribe un total de 456.000 muertes violentas, lo que significa 1.250 por día.

    Las lesiones y discapacidades superan los dos millones de casos. En Colombia ocurrieron 174.000 asesinatos en los últimos cuatro años, 30.000 en lo que va corrido del presente año. Las discapacidades y lesiones presumiblemente exceden en el cuatrienio, de un millón y medio.

    En los Estados Unidos

  7. DE LA SOCIEDAD DEL CONOCIMIENTO A LA SOCIEDAD DEL RIESGO

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    Abdala Cardona, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    El tiempo en el que vivimos: el siglo XXI, presenta a la vez, retos y exigencias al conjunto global de los habitantes del mundo, puesto que, no solo se nos presenta la actualidad como aquella coyuntura histórica en los que el cambio de los acontecimientos gira en torno al rol central del conocimiento, sino también, en torno al potencial que dicho conocimiento trae tras de sí; es decir, el presente siglo impone al conjunto de personas el rótulo de "sociedad del conocimiento" donde se puede enc...

  8. Representation of Mozambicans in the work domain in the colonial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The fact that all three collocates bancários, altos and públicos are contained in category funcionários ...... Gênero e Trabalho Doméstico numa Sociedade Colonial: Lourenço. Marques .... 17 elos caminhos pouco honrosos de uma política anti-.

  9. Da arte de conhecer as doenças:o Diagnóstico da Economia Mineira de 1968 e o planejamento do desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Magalhães Godoy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O tema do desenvolvimento regional politicamente orientado ocupa lugar de destaque na História Econômicade Minas Gerais. Desde o início do século XX, e no transcurso das mais importantes etapas da transformação do sistema econômico brasileiro, a superaçãodo subdesenvolvimento e da posição periféricado estado constituiu-se em prioridade para as elites mineiras. Entende-se que é imperativo o estudo do Diagnóstico da Economia Mineira, publicado no ano de 1968, se o objetivo é compreender as vicissitudes da evolução econômica do estado. Com este escrito pretende-se ressaltar o significado deste opulento documento,mormente as longevas filiações institucionais e matrizes teóricas que lhe forneceram legitimidade e o fez consentâneo com o seu tempo. O texto se estrutura em três partes: i descrição e análise do documento;ii breve histórico sobre o desenvolvimentismo em Minas; iii apresentação de quatro estudos acerca de temas do Diagnóstico: transportes, energia elétrica, indústria açucareira e siderurgia

  10. Culturas orais em sociedades letradas

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    Geraldi João Wanderley

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Na relação entre linguagem e cultura, um aspecto essencial diz respeito às diferentes funções da escrita e às formas de sua apropriação social em sociedades letradas. Tomando como inspiração a forma de um uso específico da escrita pelo povo indígena Jarawara e narrativas de ribeirinhos do rio Madeira do mito amazônico Cobra Norato, são discutidas as diferentes relações entre oralidade e escrita que, atravessadas pelas relações de poder, transformam o alfabeto, de artefato histórico construído para o registro da oralidade, em espaço social de construção de distinções, clivagens e exclusões.

  11. Sociedades fantasma y Derecho Internacional Privado

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    Javier Carrascosa González

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Las conocidas como "sociedades fantasma" son una realidad en el escenario de la economía mundial del siglo XXI. Se trata de entes jurídicos constituidos en ciertos Estados, en los que poseen su sede social, pero en los que no realizan actividad económica o societaria alguna. El presente estudio analiza el régimen jurídico de estas sociedades fantasma en Derecho internacional privado europeo y español. Se aborda la cuestión de la determinación de la Ley reguladora de las sociedades fantasma, la reacción legal contra las pseudo-foreign corporations, la libertad de establecimiento de sociedades fantasma en la UE y la responsabilidad patrimonial de estas sociedades y de sus administradores, en especial, cuando se emplean testaferros. Por último, se presta una especial atención a régimen jurídico de la insolvencia internacional de la sociedad fantasma, lo que comporta el análisis del "centro de intereses principales" de la sociedad fantasma como deudor insolvente, así como del traslado internacional de la sede social de la sociedad fantasma

  12. On colonial grounds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dommelen, Peter Alexander René van

    1998-01-01

    As a study of the colonial situations of first millennium BC Sardinia, this book is as much an investigation into colonialism as a sociological category, as it explores the specific historical conditions of a particular region. Taking a fresh look at colonialism in Mediterranean archaeology from a

  13. Milk quality according to the daily range in farm production in the Mesoregion Central Mineira and Oeste of Minas Gerais regions, Brazil

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    L.R. Borges

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to characterize milk production from the Central Mineira and Oeste Mesoregions regions in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, according to quality parameters such as somatic cell count, total bacteria count, and composition for specific production ranges. Average results for milk fat, protein, total and nonfat solids were compliant with Brazilian legal requirements (IN-62/2011 in all the production ranges selected. Average somatic cell counts (SCC complied with the legal requirements of 600,000 cells/mL, except for the range with a daily production above 1,000 liters. However, average maximum values of 400,000 cells/mL are recommended for good milk quality. Total bacterial count was the most critical quality factor, with the highest values found in breeds with milk production above 500 liters per day.

  14. A sociedade cibernética

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    Euripedes Falcão Vieira

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa as mudanças ocorridas na sociedade na transposição de uma época, a modernidade industrial, à outra, a modernidade cibernética. São épocas marcadas por acontecimentos diferenciados no campo da tecnologia, do conhecimento e da informação. Nas duas últimas décadas, particularmente, a mudança em todos os segmentos da sociedade produziu transformações de escala no arcabouço cognitivo, alterando comportamentos e modos de ação e reação ante a nova realidade. Claramente, a nova realidade se impôs e avançou como sociedade cibernética, a sociedade do ciberespaço-tempo com suas narrativas, ainda curtas, dos eventos econômicos, sociais e culturais.

  15. Exploração mineira, memória e resistência: as retóricas ecológicas populares no conflito entre pequenos proprietários rurais e indústria mineira no centro de Portugal Mining, memory and resistance: popular ecological rhetoric in the conflict between small rural landowners and the mining industry in the Portuguese inland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Gabriel Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Aborda-se um conflito entre pequenos proprietários rurais e uma empresa mineira durante a década de 1970 numa aldeia do interior, região ao centro de Portugal. Analisa-se a oposição popular à extração mineira a partir da memória social da destruição dos recursos agrários e da paisagem. A par da conjuntura política dos anos de 1970, explora-se o papel dos elementos ecológicos na estruturação da retórica e ação resistente. O artigo resulta de uma investigação que combina os marcos antropológico e histórico, onde a abordagem etnográfica enlaça a pesquisa documental em arquivos de empresas, estatais e locais.A conflict between small rural landowners and a mining company during the 1970's in a Portuguese inland hamlet is to be analyzed. Local opposition to mining is to be comprehended in the scope of social memory building after the perception of landscape destruction in the past. Besides the political background of the 1970's, ecological elements are explored to understand resistant rhetoric and action. This paper results from an investigation that combines anthropological and historical theories, where the ethnographic approach embraces the documentary research in companies, state and local archives.

  16. Economia autônoma de escravos nas grandes fazendas cafeeiras do sudeste do Brasil (Zona da Mata mineira -século XIX

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    Elione Silva Guimarães

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste artigo é apresentar os resultados parciais de uma pesquisa que tem por objetivo reconstituir histórias e memórias de roceiros negros na Zona da Mata mineira (Juiz de Fora e Mar de Espanha -século XIX. No período proposto a região possuía condições físicas para o cultivo do café, então o principal produto de exportação do Brasil, e foi a mais rica de Minas Gerais, sendo responsável por uma produção da rubiácea, em Minas Gerias, que variou de 90% (década de oitenta do oitocentos a 70% (década de vinte do século passado. A principal mão-de-obra utilizada nas lavouras cafeeiras foi a do negro, primeiro na condição de cativo e depois como trabalhador livre predominante. Partindo de relatos de viajantes, fontes cartorárias, processos criminais e variados processos civis (inventários, ações de cobranças de dívidas, processos de divisão e demarcação de terras, despejo, embargo e outros investigo as atividades econômicas de cativos nas roças destinadas por seus senhores para cultivos em domingos e dias santificados e dedicadas ao seu sustento.The focus of this article is to show the partial results from a research which has the purpose to reconstruct stories and memories from rural black workers in Zona da Mata mineira (Juiz de Fora and Mar de Hespanha -XIX century. In this period the region had physical conditions to cultivate coffee, the main Brazilian commodity of exportation and it was the richest of Minas being responsible for a production which varied from 90% (decade of eighties of the XIX century to 70% (decade of twenties of the last century. The main workmanship used in these coffee plantations was the black man, first of all as slave and then as free worker. Considering memories from travelers, documents of register offices, criminal proceedings and array of civil lawsuits (postmortem inventories, charges of debts, suits about division and demarcation of rural properties, I studied the

  17. Sociedad y Salud. Curso 2010-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Callado, Raúl; Fabregat Cabrera, María Elena

    2011-01-01

    Sociología de la salud. Determinantes sociales de la salud y la enfermedad. Desigualdades sociales en salud. Las organizaciones como sistemas. Estilos de vida y conductas de salud. Impacto de sociedad de consumo, la ciencia y la tecnología en la salud. Métodos de investigación social aplicados al ámbito de la salud.

  18. En Otras Palabras... (Grupo Mujer Y Sociedad)

    OpenAIRE

    Herminia Gonzálvez Torralbo

    2006-01-01

    En otras palabras.... nace en Colombia en 1996 como una publicación especializada editada por el Grupo Mujer y Sociedad, Escuela de Estudios de Género de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y la Corporación Casa de la Mujer de Bogotá.

  19. Sociedade Civil e Governo na Gestão de Cidades: a incidência do Movimento Nossa BH nas políticas públicas

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    Armindo dos Santos de Sousa Teodósio

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a atuação do Movimento Nossa BH (MNBH na construção de espaços participativos de discussão de políticas públicas na capital mineira, a partir das relações que se estabelecem entre organizações da sociedade civil (OSCs e governo. Os principais constructos teóricos utilizados são o de participação popular e esfera pública, de modo a se problematizar as formas de participação da sociedade civil em políticas públicas e as dificuldades enfrentadas para que ela se fortaleça na trajetória da cidade de Belo Horizonte. Além disso, pretende-se compreender o contexto do surgimento e a atuação do Movimento Nossa BH, a fim torná-la uma cidade mais justa, democrática e sustentável. A pesquisa tem como fundamento metodológico o chamado Estudo de Caso Estendido, recorrendo a técnicas qualitativas de coleta de dados, tais como entrevistas semiestruturadas em profundidade e observação participante. Os principais resultados obtidos referem-se às tensões estabelecidas entre esses atores para o fortalecimento da democracia participativa e o controle social sobre a gestão pública, denotando um rico mosaico de possibilidades e contradições encontrados pelo MNBH para efetivar sua proposta de criar espaços de interlocução e controle democrático do desenho, implementação e avaliação de políticas públicas na cidade de Belo Horizonte.

  20. Acompanhamento e controle financeiro informatizado das Operações de Vendas em Empresa Mineira de material de Construção de Pequeno Porte

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    Vanessa Ramos Silva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analyze the process of monitoring and computerized financial control of sales operations at a commercial building material. Additionally, it is proposed to adopt the budget planning sales management tool. To this end, we developed a case study on a construction material company small mineira. The study discusses the advantages of the process of monitoring and computerized financial control of sales operations, through the presentation of screens Information System used by the company and the options available to users for that process, from customer master until receipt. Considering that the company does not prepare the annual Budget Planning as important management tool, this paper proposes the adoption of the Budget, Sales, and presents the advantages of its implementation. It is understood, however, the importance of extending the implementation of the budget other parts budget. As a result it was found that there are numerous benefits of the Information System for the financial management of sales operations. The Budget Sales presents itself as an alternative to monitoring the implementation and control of sales operations and process of decision making.

  1. O direito dos povos: uma proposta de sociedade bem ordenada

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    Jéssica de Farias Mesquita

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto tem como objetivo examinar a visão de John Rawls acerca das sociedades bem ordenadas na obra O Direito dos Povos, bem como o significado destas para o desenvolvimento da proposta de sociedade democrática liberal. Rawls, na primeira parte da obra, que trata sobre a teoria ideal, refere-se à ideia geral de contrato social nas Sociedades dos Povos democráticos liberais. O autor prossegue com a mesma ideia, na segunda parte da obra quando trata da teoria não-ideal, referindo-se aos povos decentes. Uma sociedade dos povos decentes, segundo Rawls, é uma sociedade cujas características são aceitáveis como membro de uma Sociedade dos Povos razoável, embora não seja uma sociedade democrática liberal. Ambas as sociedades, seja ela democrática liberal ou decente, fazem parte de uma sociedade bem ordenada por obedecerem aos critérios estabelecidos pela Sociedade dos Povos. Para a garantia de uma sociedade bem ordenada, Rawls expõe uma série de condições para que esse tipo de sociedade seja possível, uma dessas condições é o modo como essas sociedades se encontram reguladas.

  2. Ideais das crianças mineiras no século XX: mudanças e continuidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érika Lourenço

    Full Text Available Foi feita, em 1998, a réplica de uma pesquisa realizada entre 1929 e 1944 por Helena Antipoff e em 1993 por Regina Helena de Freitas Campos, com o objetivo de investigar o impacto, nos ideais das crianças de Belo Horizonte, da ênfase que a mídia vem dando ao consumismo na sociedade contemporânea. Um questionário aberto foi aplicado a 307 crianças (151 meninas e 156 meninos da quarta série das escolas públicas e particulares de Belo Horizonte. Os dados referentes aos ideais destas crianças foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, por gênero, e comparados com os dados das pesquisas anteriores. Foi comprovada a hipótese de que os valores transmitidos pela mídia vêm contribuindo para mudanças nos ideais infantis ao longo do século.

  3. Ideais das crianças mineiras no século XX: mudanças e continuidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourenço Érika

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi feita, em 1998, a réplica de uma pesquisa realizada entre 1929 e 1944 por Helena Antipoff e em 1993 por Regina Helena de Freitas Campos, com o objetivo de investigar o impacto, nos ideais das crianças de Belo Horizonte, da ênfase que a mídia vem dando ao consumismo na sociedade contemporânea. Um questionário aberto foi aplicado a 307 crianças (151 meninas e 156 meninos da quarta série das escolas públicas e particulares de Belo Horizonte. Os dados referentes aos ideais destas crianças foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, por gênero, e comparados com os dados das pesquisas anteriores. Foi comprovada a hipótese de que os valores transmitidos pela mídia vêm contribuindo para mudanças nos ideais infantis ao longo do século.

  4. Chicha, guarapo y presión fiscal en la sociedad colonial del Siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilma Lucía Mora de Tovar

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo reúne dos ensayos sobre el aguardiente y la bebidas embriagantes. Se inscribe en el contexto de la aplicación de medidas administrativas y fiscales impulsadas por la Corona Española, en la Península y en América, durante el siglo XVIII. La necesidad de recursos que le permitieran atender tanto las obligaciones propias de la administración de gobierno como las que se derivaban de las acciones bélicas, estimuló la ejecución de una política de libre comercio en el campo económico y, en el campo político, un mayor control estatal.

  5. de la sociedad de la ubicuidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Octavio Islas-Carmona

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el imaginario de la sociedad de la ubicuidad, en el cual las comunicaciones digitales inciden de forma categórica en el desarrollo y la evolución de los nuevos ambientes comunicativos, las figuras de "emisor" y "receptor", así como los modelos que ayer permitían explicar el proceso comunicativo, hoy exhiben evidentes limitaciones en sus capacidades explicativas. La realidad los ha desbordado. En el desarrollo histórico de los medios de comunicación es posible advertir cómo éstos resienten determinadas remediaciones. Desde la perspectiva de la ecología de medios, Internet -el medio de comunicación inteligente-, admite ser comprendido como lógica extensión del telégrafo. El telégrafo representó la primera exteriorización de nuestro sistema nervioso. El desarrollo de las comunicaciones digitales móviles nos desplaza hacia un nuevo ambiente mediático: la "sociedad de la ubicuidad". De acuerdo con Neil Postman, detrás de toda tecnología subyace una filosofía, y los principios comunicativos de la "sociedad de la ubicuidad": comunicación para todos, en cualquier momento, en cualquier lugar, desplazan consigo la necesidad de producir los dispositivos de comunicaciones digitales móviles idóneos para responder a las exigencias del ambiente comunicativo que supone dicha sociedad. El desarrollo de la web 2.0 admite ser considerado como un auténtico parteaguas histórico en la evolución de Internet; éste impuso importantes cambios tanto en el comportamiento como en los hábitos de consumo cultural de los cibernautas. El cibernauta accedió a la condición de prosumidor. Debemos reconocer a los prosumidores como los actores comunicativos de la sociedad de la ubicuidad. El papel de los prosumidores resultará definitivo en las siguientes remediaciones que experimentará Internet, medio que definitivamente admite ser comprendido como lógica extensión de la inteligencia humana.

  6. La inscripción de las sociedades profesionales en el Registro mercantil y en el de Sociedades profesionales

    OpenAIRE

    García Presas, Inmaculada

    2008-01-01

    La Ley 2/2007, de 15 de marzo, de Sociedades Profesionales considera, entre otras cuestiones, la inscripción de las Sociedades profesionales en el Registro mercantil y en el de las Sociedades profesionales. En este sentido se valora, entre otros contenidos de dicha Ley, su artículo 8, incidiéndose en el grado de exigencia de la inscripción de las Sociedades profesionales en el Registro Civil.

  7. COMPORTAMENTO DA ARRECADAÇÃO PRÓPRIA E DA CARGA TRIBUTÁRIA NOS MUNICÍPIOS DA ZONA DA MATA MINEIRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson de Oliveira Reis

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available O processo de descentralização consolidado pela constituição de 1988 mudou a dinâmica do federalismo brasileiro aumentando as receitas disponíveis e também as responsabilidades do fornecimento de serviços para os municípios, que em termos financeiros são muito dependentes das transferências governamentais. Diante da importância dos municípios na Administração Pública como entes federativos, este estudo tem como objetivo identificar, a partir da classificação em grupos, a mudança no perfil da arrecadação tributária própria dos municípios da Zona da Mata Mineira tendo por base os períodos de 2005 e 2010. Trata-se de pesquisa descritiva e quantitativa em que se utilizou as metodologias de Análise de Cluster e Teste t para amostras emparelhadas. Os resultados apontam para formação de 4 grupos de acordo com o esforço fiscal (baixo, médio e alto. Em média observa-se uma evolução positiva na arrecadação própria dos municípios que foi confirmada pelo Teste t. Conclui-se que apesar da dependência dos recursos de transferências, os municípios têm realizados esforços para aumentar a arrecadação própria e consequentemente suas receitas disponíveis.

  8. Specters of Colonialism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhr, Sara Louise; Azad, Salam

    2013-01-01

    at the same time they always are bound to fail to become ‘Swedish’ because of the same foreign origins. Although Swedish culture – partly by distancing itself from having a colonial past – has successfully built up an image of openness, we argue that without acknowledging and confronting the role...

  9. La sociedad de la información. Tecnología, cultura, sociedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDUARDO BERICAT ALASTUEY

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se precisa conceptualmente, desde la sociología, lo que puede entenderse por sociedad de la información. Con este objeto se avanzan algunas tesis sobre la naturaleza de los vectores tecnológico, cultural y relacional que subyacen al advenimiento de esta nueva sociedad. El paradigma tecnológico constituye el principio activo o motor de los cambios. Así, definimos la sociedad de la información como aquella sociedad que utilice tanto intensiva como extensivamente el paradigma de ordenadores en red, ahora bien, el vector tecnológico modifica radicalmente el vector cultural en sus dos componentes básicos, el cognitivo y el expresivo. Una nueva cultura del conocimiento y de la expresión esta surgiendo, cultura de la inteligencia artificial y de la realidad virtual. Todavía no podemos concebir cientificamente la naturaleza de la sociedad de la infocomunicación. Frente a la poco rigurosa imaginación de mundos o sociedades digitales, el autor propone el desarrollo de una teoría social de la infocomunicación, todavía hoy inexistente. Para tal empeño, tienen especial interés las obras elaboradas por dos teóricos sociales de excepción ; Niklas Luhmann y Jürgen Habermas. Información y comunicación, infocomunicación, en la trama y en la urdimbre de las futuras estructuras sociales.

  10. Impacto das funções desempenhadas pelos gerentes nos resultados da incubadora: survey realizada na rede mineira de inovação The impact of the functions performed by managers in the incubator's results: a Survey accomplished by "Rede Mineira de Inovação"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Magno da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo avaliar as relações entre as funções desempenhadas pelo gerente e os resultados obtidos pela incubadora. São considerados como resultados: o tempo que o gerente ocupa cargo de direção, o tempo de existência da incubadora, o número de empresas incubadas, o número de empresas graduadas e a obtenção da certificação ISO 9001. As funções desempenhadas pelos gerentes das incubadoras, baseadas nas funções do Escritório de Gerenciamento de Projetos (PMO, são agrupadas e suas descrições são adaptadas ao contexto das incubadoras de empresas. Um questionário foi elaborado e enviado por e-mail às incubadoras de empresas da Rede Mineira de Inovação. Os dados foram coletados, processados estatisticamente e posteriormente analisados, tendo como resultados principais: as funções consideradas mais importantes para se alcançar os resultados da incubadora - participar do planejamento estratégico das empresas incubadas e distribuir recursos disponíveis entre as empresas incubadas - e a de menor importância para a obtenção dos resultados - monitorar e controlar o desempenho de cada plano de negócio das empresas incubadas.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the functions performed by managers and the results obtained by the incubator. The results considered were the following: the time period for manager's take over, the incubator's existence time period, the number of incubated companies, the number of firms graduated, and the achievement of ISO 9001 certification. The functions performed by managers of incubators are based on the Project Management Office (PMO. These functions are then grouped and their descriptions are adapted to the context of the incubators. A questionnaire was prepared and sent by e-mail to business incubators in the "Rede Mineira de Inovação". The data were collected, processed and analyzed statistically. The main results obtained showed that

  11. Notas sobre la sociedad en la (prehistoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. GÓMEZ FUENTES

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Las relaciones sociales responden a la pregunta de cómo se sitúan los hombres en el proceso de la producción si atendemos a quién o quiénes son los propietarios o los poseedores de los útiles. Para el paleolítico —inferior, medio y superior— y aún después, claramente se ve que no se puede hablar de clasese sociales si éstas se definen a partir del concepto de propiedad o de posesión. ¿Qué se entiende por propiedad en la sociedad primitiva? Podríamos definir la propiedad como una posesión reconocida por los miembros de la sociedad, garantizada por las normas de vida de la comunidad, admitidas por tal sociedad y protegida por la costumbre o por la ley. Esta definición para época paleolítica no sirve. Decir que propiedad es una posesión es no intentar resolver el problema, porque tendríamos que preguntarnos inmediatamente qué se entiende por posesión en una época que grosso modo abarca desde 5,5 millones de años al 9000 a. n. e. Si examinamos la definición donde se habla de que la posesión está garantizada por las normas de vida en común y protegida por la costumbre o por la ley ¿cómo podemos investigar la norma, la costumbre o la ley durante el paleolítico inferior, medio o superior?

  12. Redes sociales y sociedad del conocimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Vélez Cuartas, Gabriel Jaime

    2009-01-01

    Esta segunda edición de Innovación RICEC integra 5 de los artículos presentados en la mesa "Redes Sociales y Sociedad del Conocimiento" del "4to Congreso de Sistemas de Innovación para la Competitividad 2009: SINNCO" realizado por el CONCYTEG (Consejo de Ciencia y Tecnología de Guanajuato - México). Dos artículos sobre avances de investigación cercanas al concepto de controversia de Callon y por tanto al de teoría del actor red; y finalmente una reseña de la escuela de verano de la red intern...

  13. Relaciones de poder en la sociedad patriarcal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villarreal Montoya, Ana Lucía

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Cotidianamente escuchamos y hablamos de relaciones de poder, pero cuando se trata de profundizar en el concepto en realidad es poco lo que se ha estudiado, por lo cual en este artículo se hace una revisión, desde lo macro - vida pública- a lo micro - vida privada -, con el propósito de elaborar una propuesta de cómo se puede entender este concepto. Se analizan varias propuestas, como las planteadas por los teóricos del intercambio, así como la de Clara Coria de que en la sociedad patriarcal las mujeres ejercen el poder oculto, el cual es la otra cara de la moneda del poder legítimo, que ejercen los hombres. Específicamente se trata de abrir un sendero que permita analizar dichas relaciones desde la teoría feminista, de la construcción de una sociedad en la cual las personas, sin importar su sexo/género, tengan la oportunidad de construir su proyecto de vida con libertad, sin prejuicios y estereotipos que les limiten campos de realización.

  14. Kant's Second Thoughts on Colonialism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleingeld, Pauline; Flikschuh, Katrin; Ypi, Lea

    2014-01-01

    Kant is widely regarded as a fierce critic of colonialism. In Toward Perpetual Peace and the Metaphysics of Morals, for example, he forcefully condemns European conduct in the colonies as a flagrant violation of the principles of right. His earlier views on colonialism have not yet received much

  15. Sociedad del aprendizaje y tercera edad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín REQUEJO OSORIO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Desde hace tiempo se vienen analizando los fenómenos que acontecen en la denominada «sociedad cognitiva». Particularmente en Europa el tema cobra mayor interés a partir de la publicación: «Enseñary aprender: hacia la sociedad cognitiva».El presente artículo tiene como objetivo básico exponer los rasgos más importantes y las demandas de esta sociedad en relación con el grupo de personas cada vez más numeroso: las personas mayores o también denominadas de la «Tercera Edad».En este contexto se estudian las relaciones entre sociedad cognitiva y fenómeno demográfico que nos muestran un número cada vez más importante de personas mayores. Junto a este hecho sociológico se debate el problema de su formación a partir de los presupuestos de una educación permanente de carácter humanista y democrático frente a la visión neoliberal centrada en la propuesta unilateral del capital humano.Desde esta propuesta educativa se comentan los diversos programas que hoy existen para los mayores haciendo tanto un breve recorrido histórico de las distintas ofertas como un estudio de las más actuales que se realizan por parte de las universidades: universidades de la Tercera Edad, universidades de la Experiencia, «Cuartos Ciclos» universitarios para personas mayores.ABSTRACT: Analysis of the phenomena which occur in the so-called «cognitive society» has been going for a long time in education. Particulary in Europe, the issue of the «cognitive society» has gained interest since the publication of «Enseñar y aprender: hacia la sociedad cognitiva (Teaching and Learning: Aiming at the Cognitivy Society.The main purpose of this paper is to show the most relevant features and demands of this kind of society in relation to a group of people that is steadily growing in number: senior citizens (also named as the «Third Age».Within this context, we having studied the relations between the cognitive society and the demography, it can

  16. Lo sagrado en las sociedades secularizadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Noriega, Santiago

    1993-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    La potencia tutelar burocrática asume la custodia de una masa amorfa. Frente a ella ha de afirmarse una sociedad civil a partir de núcleos de ciudadanos activos. El motor de esta ciudadanía es la formación de un núcleo básico de creencias -«lo sagrados-e- que desempeña un papel comparable, en cuanto a capacidad de movilización, al de las viejas religiones. Lo sagrado «laico» o «filosófico» apunta a aquello que el hombre puede considerar perdurable y conferir sentido a su existencia.

  17. El destino de la sociedad conyugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Paz Gatica R.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El régimen chileno de sociedad conyugal establece distinciones legales que resultan discriminatorias para ambos cónyuges. En el caso de la mujer, al impedir que pueda ser administradora ordinaria de los bienes sociales y privarla de la administración de sus bienes propios, y en el del marido, a través de la institución del patrimonio reservado. En este artículo se revisan los problemas recientes que dicho régimen ha generado para el Estado de Chile en el contexto internacional y se analizan algunas de las propuestas de reforma legislativa desde la perspectiva de su cumplimiento con los estándares de derechos fundamentales.

  18. O colonial tardio e a economia do rio de janeiro na segunda metade dos setecentos: 1750-90

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Pesavento

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Um ponto importante na historiografia brasileira é o debate sobre o colonial tardio. A ideia sugerida por Dauril Alden é a de que a Colônia iria presenciar uma profunda crise econômica após a queda da extração aurífera na região mineira. Neste cenário, a economia colonial presenciou um retorno às atividades rurais (agricultura. Com dados levantados a partir de 1790, João Fragoso contrapõe a ideia de colonial tardio, para a economia do Rio de Janeiro, ao sugerir a formação de uma vasta rede de abastecimento, apontando não uma crise, mas a formação de um amplo mercado interno especialmente na região sudeste. Mas qual seriam os resultados para o período 1750-90, justamente quando a queda da extração do ouro se intensifica? A fim de colher novos subsídios para o debate trabalharam-se com 6.500 escrituras públicas depositadas no Arquivo Nacional, além de outras fontes primárias que envolviam a economia do termo da cidade do Rio de Janeiro entre 1750-90. Os resultados apontam para um revigoramento do setor rural e uma estagnação da atividade econômica do Rio de Janeiro no mesmo período, e não uma crise.

  19. HONEY BEE COLONY PHEROMONES

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    M Dražić

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Pheromones are chemicals produced as liquids by specialised cells or glands and transmitted into the environment as liquids or gases. In contrary to hormones, which are excreted in organism and have effect exclusively on organism that produced them, pheromones are excreted outside organism and effect on different individuals of the same species. Pheromones mediate nearly all aspects of honeybee colony life including social defence, brood care, mating, orientation, foraging and reproduction. Pheromone investigation has high economic importance. With use of pheromones it is possible to manipulate with pest insects on crops or to direct honeybees during pollination on target plants.

  20. Bases legales para la transformación de Sociedades Civiles en Sociedades Cooperativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Divar Garteiz-Aurrecoa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El Derecho interno vigente permite abiertamente la transformación de Sociedades Civiles con personalidad jurídica, Asociaciones y Fundaciones, en Cooperativas. Ello está además integrado en las propuestas del Parlamento Europeo en beneficio del empleo, la lucha contra la exclusión en la UE y el mantenimiento del bienestar social en la Unión.Recibido: 11.12.2012Aceptado: 20.04.2013

  1. Analysis of Colonial Currency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurkowski, Michael; Cangany, Catherine; Jordan, Louis; Manukyan, Khachatur; Schultz, Zachary; Wiescher, Michael

    2017-09-01

    This project entailed studying the cellulose in paper, the ink, colorants, and other materials used to produce American colonial currency. The technique primarily used in this project was X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF). XRF mapping was used to provide both elemental analysis of large-scale objects as well as microscopic examination of individual pigment particles in ink, in addition to the inorganic additives used to prepare paper. The combination of elemental mapping with Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Raman Spectroscopies permits an efficient analysis of the currency. These spectroscopic methods help identify the molecular composition of the pigments. This combination of atomic and molecular analytical techniques provided an in-depth characterization of the paper currency on the macro, micro, and molecular levels. We have identified several of pigments that were used in the preparation of inks and colorants. Also, different inorganic crystals, such as alumina-silicates, have been detected in different papers. The FTIR spectroscopy allowed us to determine the type of cellulose fiber used in the production of paper currency. Our future research will be directed toward revealing important historical relationships between currencies printed throughout the colonies. ISLA Da Vinci Grant.

  2. DA DOMINAÇÃO COLONIAL À COLONIALIDADE DO SABER: EFEITOS DO DETERMINISMO ECOLÓGICO DUAL NO BRASIL

    OpenAIRE

    Sérgio Almeida Loiola; Ludimila Stival Cardoso; Alexandre Martins Araújo; Elias Nazareno

    2016-01-01

    Este artigo estabelece reflexões acerca dos efeitos do determinismo ecológico dual sobre a formação social brasileira. Realizada a partir de fontes bibliográficas, a pesquisa funda-se no olhar crítico do pensamento pós-colonial, na semiosis colonial e na perspectiva da interação sociedade-natureza da historia ambiental, a fim de desconstruir os signos de dominação disseminados na representação dual da natureza no Brasil. Desde o período colonial a representação de natureza ocorreu numa perspe...

  3. Seabird Colonies in Western Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boertmann, D.; Mosbech, A.; Falk, K.

    About 1 million seabirds (indvs) breed in 1032 colonies distributed along the coasts of western Greenland (Fig. 1). However, this figure does not include the little auk colonies in Avanersuaq. These colonies are roughly estimated to hold about 20 mill. pairs. All the basic information on seabird...... colonies in Greenland is compiled in a database maintained by NERI-AE. This report presents data on distribution, population numbers and population trends of 19 species of breeding colonial seabirds in western Greenland. Distributions are depicted on maps in Fig. 18-39. It is apparent that the major...... colonies are found in the northern part of the region, viz. Upernavik and Avanersuaq. The numbers of birds recorded in the database for each species are presented in Tab. 4, and on the basis of these figures estimates of the populations in western Greenland are given (Tab. 5). The most numerous species...

  4. Discapacidad y sociedad democrática

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    Mario Andrés Ospina Ramírez

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La eficacia de los derechos y libertades de las personas con discapacidad son pretensiones morales perfectamente compatibles con los anhelos de una sociedad pluralista y democrática. La inclusión de la No-discriminación como elemento de transversalidad dentro de las políticas públicas del Estado pone de relieve la existencia de una aceptación generalizada por parte de la comunidad de la situación de marginalidad a la que han sido sometidos tradicionalmente este colectivo de personas. De ahí la importancia de adoptar medidas de acción afirmativa a fin de promover el disfrute efectivo de los derechos fundamentales. Y es que el tema de la discapacidad no siempre ha hecho parte del discurso de los derechos humanos. Esto explica el por qué en diferentes contextos históricos el uso de métodos y procedimientos degradantes e inhumanos para el tratamiento de la discapacidad no sólo se constituía –y se constituye aún– en una práctica habitual sino que además es un hecho que con el tiempo alcanza a adquirir plena legitimidad. En el mejor de los casos a la personas con discapacidad se les considera “enfermos” y su proyecto de vida sólo tiene sentido en la medida que logren salir de esa situación “de anormalidad”. Incluso hoy en día persiste la idea de que la discapacidad es una cuestión que se circunscribe exclusivamente en el ámbito de la medicina y de la seguridad social (modelo médico-rehabilitador. Sin embargo, en los últimos años ha venido tomando fuerza una nueva forma de abordar esta cuestión y que supone un cambio de paradigma a propósito del esquema tradicional de la discapacidad. A partir de este nuevo enfoque (modelo social de la discapacidad, se concibe que la limitación infundada del ejercicio de los derechos de las personas que poseen alguna deficiencia no se produce por circunstancias “invalidantes” individuales sino que procede de la construcción unidireccional y excluyente de la sociedad. En suma

  5. Discapacidad y sociedad democrática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Andrés Ospina Ramírez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La eficacia de los derechos y libertades de las personas con discapacidad son pretensiones morales perfectamente compatibles con los anhelos de una sociedad pluralista y democrática. La inclusión de la No-discriminación como elemento de transversalidad dentro de las políticas públicas del Estado pone de relieve la existencia de una aceptación generalizada por parte de la comunidad de la situación de marginalidad a la que han sido sometidos tradicionalmente este colectivo de personas. De ahí la importancia de adoptar medidas de acción afirmativa a fin de promover el disfrute efectivo de los derechos fundamentales. Y es que el tema de la discapacidad no siempre ha hecho parte del discurso de los derechos humanos. Esto explica el por qué en diferentes contextos históricos el uso de métodos y procedimientos degradantes e inhumanos para el tratamiento de la discapacidad no sólo se constituía –y se constituye aún– en una práctica habitual sino que además es un hecho que con el tiempo alcanza a adquirir plena legitimidad. En el mejor de los casos a la personas con discapacidad se les considera “enfermos” y su proyecto de vida sólo tiene sentido en la medida que logren salir de esa situación “de anormalidad”. Incluso hoy en día persiste la idea de que la discapacidad es una cuestión que se circunscribe exclusivamente en el ámbito de la medicina y de la seguridad social (modelo médico-rehabilitador. Sin embargo, en los últimos años ha venido tomando fuerza una nueva forma de abordar esta cuestión y que supone un cambio de paradigma a propósito del esquema tradicional de la discapacidad. A partir de este nuevo enfoque (modelo social de la discapacidad, se concibe que la limitación infundada del ejercicio de los derechos de las personas que poseen alguna deficiencia no se produce por circunstancias “invalidantes” individuales sino que procede de la construcción unidireccional y excluyente de la sociedad. En suma

  6. Colony Dimorphism in Bradyrhizobium Strains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylvester-Bradley, Rosemary; Thornton, Philip; Jones, Peter

    1988-01-01

    Ten isolates of Bradyrhizobium spp. which form two colony types were studied; the isolates originated from a range of legume species. The two colony types differed in the amount of gum formed or size or both, depending on the strain. Whole 7-day-old colonies of each type were subcultured to determine the proportion of cells which had changed to the other type. An iterative computerized procedure was used to determine the rate of switching per generation between the two types and to predict proportions reached at equilibrium for each strain. The predicted proportions of the wetter (more gummy) or larger colony type at equilibrium differed significantly between strains, ranging from 0.9999 (strain CIAT 2383) to 0.0216 (strain CIAT 2469), because some strains switched faster from dry to wet (or small to large) and others switched faster from wet to dry (or large to small). Predicted equilibrium was reached after about 140 generations in strain USDA 76. In all but one strain (CIAT 3030) the growth rate of the wetter colony type was greater than or similar to that of the drier type. The mean difference in generation time between the two colony types was 0.37 h. Doubling times calculated for either colony type after 7 days of growth on the agar surface ranged from 6.0 to 7.3 h. The formation of two persistent colony types by one strain (clonal or colony dimorphism) may be a common phenomenon among Bradyrhizobium strains. Images PMID:16347599

  7. Las lenguas en las sociedades del conocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez, J. Francisco

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Languages become a strategic resource for information and knowledge societies. By expressing and sharing knowledge by means of languages, every culture generates deposits of knowledge, which can be transferred and exchanged among different epistemic communities. The contemporary technologies of information and communication have changed the structure of knowledge flows. Globalization of knowledge poses a great challenge to every language, including the Spanish one. In order to survive in the digital world, they should develop technolanguages. The lemma “Thinking in Spanish” implies a new model of governance for the Ibero-American knowledge communities.En las sociedades de la información y el conocimiento las lenguas se convierten en un recurso estratégico. Al expresar y compartir conocimiento por medio de los idiomas, las culturas generan yacimientos de conocimiento, que pueden ser transferidos e intercambiados entre comunidades epistémicas diferentes. Las actuales tecnologías de la información y la comunicación han cambiado la estructura de los flujos de conocimiento. La globalización del conocimiento plantea un gran desafío a todas las lenguas, incluyendo la española. Para sobrevivir en el mundo digital, los lenguajes han de convertirse en tecnolenguajes. El lema “Pensar en español” aporta un nuevo modelo de gobernanza para las comunidades iberoamericanas del conocimiento.

  8. Relacione de poder en la sociedad red

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel-Héctor Fernández-Carrión

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La segunda mitad del siglo XX ha estado caracterizada por a imposición económica de algunas multinacionales, sobre las políticas nacionales de unos países (los menos sobre otros (los más, y la política de dos superpotencias (EEUU y URSS que terminan al inicio de la era digital (1992 en una única (Estados Unidos sobre el resto del mundo. Asimismo, desde el último tercio de siglo veinte la sociedad del conocimiento y la globalización define un nuevo estado mundial cibernético global, en el que destaca la comunicación interpersonal, la propaganda política digital y el comercio por internet "en tiempo real", junto a la decadencia del Estado-nación moderno, caída de los patrones sociales del patriarcado y la emancipación de la mujer, que la caracteriza.

  9. El turismo y la sociedad de consumo

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    Alfredo Argentino César Dachary

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este ensayo es aportar una lectura desde la perspectiva de definir a la actividad turística como un modelo al interior del capitalismo, que ha nacido, crecido y adecuado a las transformaciones de éste, pasando de la periferia al centro mismo hasta confundirse con el gran espectro de oportunidades que plantea hoy la sociedad de consumo. Para ello intentaremos una lectura desde el origen, desarrollo y el papel que cumple en el proceso de ocupación territorial del planeta durante la última colonización, la de fines del XIX y el proceso de descolonización de la segunda parte del siglo XX, cuando emerge el denominado turismo de masas. Se dará prioridad a la periferia de los países desarrollados, ya que el papel que juega esta actividad en la misma es diferente aunque complementario al que se presenta en los países centrales.

  10. El turismo y la sociedad de consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Argentino César Dachary

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este ensayo es aportar una lectura desde la perspectiva de definir a la actividad turística como un modelo al interior del capitalismo, que ha nacido, crecido y adecuado a las transformaciones de éste, pasando de la periferia al centro mismo hasta confundirse con el gran espectro de oportunidades que plantea hoy la sociedad de consumo. Para ello intentaremos una lectura desde el origen, desarrollo y el papel que cumple en el proceso de ocupación territorial del planeta durante la última colonización, la de fines del XIX y el proceso de descolonización de la segunda parte del siglo XX, cuando emerge el denominado turismo de masas. Se dará prioridad a la periferia de los países desarrollados, ya que el papel que juega esta actividad en la misma es diferente aunque complementario al que se presenta en los países centrales.

  11. Muhammad Ali, um outsider na sociedade americana?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Py Mariante Neto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo analisa a carreira do boxeador Muhammad Ali segundo as formulações sobre as relações de poder em configurações apresentadas por Norbert Elias. O propósito foi compreender como um atleta que foi contra questões tão profundas da sociedade estabelecida obteve sucesso profissional. Tratou-se de um estudo documental, tendo como fonte livros, artigos e reportagens publicadas sobre a trajetória do lutador. Concluiu-se que apesar de Ali ter se posicionado contra padrões estabelecidos de sua época em questões como a religião, o racismo e o patriotismo, a sua habilidade técnica acima da média, o seu poder de autopromoção e a sua capacidade de participar do jogo no contexto configuracional de que fazia parte, lhe deram condições de sobrevivência no mundo do boxe e conseqüente sucesso profissional.

  12. Nivel operacional de la sociedad civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoraida Mendiwelso Bendek

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Michael Walzer (2002 afirma que las organizaciones de la sociedad civil se generan en procesos de auto organización pero que existen algunas organizaciones con mayor capacidad que otras para organizarse y que también es necesario que el estado provea la asistencia que requiere la vida en asociación en donde primero que todo se debe proteger a los más débiles. En este artículo, desde una visión sistémica, se intenta reflexionar sobre las competencias requeridas para un efectivo proceso de auto-organización en la construcción de lo público. Se sostiene que esto hace necesario observar las estructuras que apoyan el aprendizaje y participación ciudadana.Michael Walzer (2002 claims that self-organization underpins the emergence of civil society organizations and that some of these organizations have more opportunities than others to be effective, suggesting that it is necessary for the State to support those associations that operate in weaker contexts. In this paper, from a systemic perspective, the author reflects upon the required competencies to enable effective self-organizing processes in the construction of the public sphere, in particular she advocates the need to observe the emerging organization structures supporting citizens' learning and participation.

  13. La sociedad filarmónica y el vanguardismo político cultural en Bayamo en el periodo 1840-1870

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Mario Cobas-Sanz

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La primera institución cultural que floreció en Bayamo fue la Sociedad Filarmónica. Esta sociedad enriquecida con las tendencias ideológicas más avanzadas de la época tenía como objetivo primario la difusión de la cultura y la instrucción en sus diversas formas. Sus miembros se consagraron con empeño al cultivo de las letras, la música, el teatro; a impulsar el buen comportamiento ciudadano y el estudio de las causas de los males sociales. La Sociedad Filarmónica se convirtió en un centro de formación patriótica, de repudio al despotismo imperante y en lugar para expresar, a través de las diversas manifestaciones culturales, los sentimientos, aspiraciones y planes para eliminar el sistema colonial español.

  14. School, society and policy on the island of Reunion. Residual of a French colony to a European outermost region Escuela, sociedad y política en la isla de Reunión. De una colonia francesa residual a una región europea ultraperiférica École, société et politique à l’île de la réunion, d’une colonie française de peuplement à une région européenne ultrapériphérique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raoul LUCAS

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analize the evolution of the colonialist French school policy in the island of Reunion, Indic Ocean, with a slave structure from the I Empire. Studies the first official efforts for the people schooling with the contribution of the religious congregations. Their proposal was the cultural assimilation. Later, the French Third Republic encreases secular assimilation policy. Finally, from 1946, the Reunion Island remains one of the first French empire, and begins to be administrative department of France, and remoteness becomes European territory. It concludes by studying the progress made in the first school, secondary and higher education, in the island of Reunion.El artículo explica la evolución producida en la política escolar de la Francia colonial en la isla de Reunión, en el océano Índico, inicialmente de estructura esclavista. Analiza los primeros esfuerzos escolarizadores con la contribución de las congregaciones religiosas, de decidida asimilación cultural. Más tarde, la III República francesa incrementa su política escolar laica y asimiladora. Finalmente, desde 1946, la isla de Reunión, uno de los restos del I Imperio francés, adopta el formato de departamento administrativo de Francia, y la final conversión en territorio europeo ultraperiférico. Concluye con la valoración de las consecuencias que estas decisiones administrativas provocan en su avance escolar primario, secundario y superior.L'article explique l'évolution de la politique scolaire de la France coloniale sur l'île de la Réunion dans l'Océan Indien esclave structure de départ. Analyse escolarizadores premiers efforts avec la contribution des congrégations religieuses, des acculturés déterminée. Plus tard, la Troisième République française augmente sa politique de l'école laïque et l'assimilation. Enfin, depuis 1946, l'île de la Réunion, l'un des vestiges de l'Empire français, prend la forme d'un service administratif de la France

  15. Growth Mechanism of Microbial Colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Minhui; Martini, K. Michael; Kim, Neil H.; Sherer, Nicholas; Lee, Jia Gloria; Kuhlman, Thomas; Goldenfeld, Nigel

    Experiments on nutrient-limited E. coli colonies, growing on agar gel from single cells reveal a power-law distribution of sizes, both during the growth process and in the final stage when growth has ceased. We developed a Python simulation to study the growth mechanism of the bacterial population and thus understand the broad details of the experimental findings. The simulation takes into account nutrient uptake, metabolic function, growth and cell division. Bacteria are modeled in two dimensions as hard circle-capped cylinders with steric interactions and elastic stress dependent growth characteristics. Nutrient is able to diffuse within and between the colonies. The mechanism of microbial colony growth involves reproduction of cells within the colonies and the merging of different colonies. We report results on the dynamic scaling laws and final state size distribution, that capture in semi-quantitative detail the trends observed in experiment. Supported by NSF Grant 0822613.

  16. Papilionoideae (Leguminosae arbóreas e lianas na estação de pesquisa, treinamento e educação ambiental (EPTEA, Mata do Paraíso, Viçosa, Zona da Mata Mineira Trees and lianes of the papilionoideae (Leguminosae in the research, training and environmental education station (EPTEA, Mata do Paraíso, Viçosa, Zona da Mata Mineira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabella Martins da Costa Rodrigues

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em um levantamento florístico das árvores e lianas pertencentes à Papilionoideae da Mata do Paraíso, importante fragmento de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual Submontana, no Município de Viçosa, Zona da Mata mineira. A pesquisa de campo foi realizada por meio de visitas à área de estudo, no período de julho/2004 a agosto/2005. Foram reconhecidos 12 táxons infra-específicos pertencentes a oito gêneros, sendo Machaerium Pers. (4 spp. e Dalbergia L. f. (2 spp. os mais representativos. São apresentados chaves de identificação, descrições, ilustrações e comentários sobre os táxons analisados. Dalbergia nigra (Vell. Allemão ex Benth., espécie vulnerável, e Ormosia vicosana Rudd, endêmica da região, foram encontradas na EPTEA.This work is a floristic survey of trees and lianas of the Papilionoideae in the Mata do Paraíso, an important fragment of Submontane Semideciduous Seasonal Forest, in Viçosa, Zona da Mata Mineira. The fieldwork was carried out through visits to the studied area, from July/2004 to August/2005. Twelve taxa represented by eight genera were recorded. Machaerium Pers. (4spp. and Dalbergia L. f. (2 spp. were the most representatives. Identification keys, descriptions and illustrations are presented for the analyzed taxa. Dalbergia nigra (Vell. Allemão ex Benth., vulnerable species and, Ormosia vicosana Rudd, endemic for the region were found at EPTEA.

  17. Sociedad civil: una concepción radical

    OpenAIRE

    García Marzá, Vicente Domingo

    2008-01-01

    El presente trabajo1 tiene como objetivos presentar un concepto de sociedad civil desde una perspectiva crítica, una perspectiva que pueda dar razón del potencial de cambio y transformación social que encierra este ámbito de la interacción social. Con este fin, se adentra en primer lugar en la difícil relación entre democracia y sociedad civil, analizándola desde el paso de las democracias participativas a las democracias deliberativas. El caràcter global de la sociedad civil y los problemas ...

  18. Evolución legislativa de las sociedades laborales

    OpenAIRE

    Toribio Cara, Miguel

    2018-01-01

    Mediante este resumen o trabajo he pretendido realizar un estudio más o menos completo sobre las sociedades laborales en nuestro país. Previo a ello decir que las Sociedades Laborales constituyen una figura del Derecho de Sociedades español que cumple con su regulación en la propia Constitución Española en su artículo 129.2 que otorga a los poderes públicos para promover la participación en la empresa de los trabajadores y su acceso a la propiedad de los medios de producción. ...

  19. Mujer, sociedad y comunicación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cumandá Gamboa de Zelaya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La desigualdad ante la ley y en la acción, entre el hombre y la mujer, se registra, como su inicio, en la etapa histórica de la esclavitud, con el surgimiento de la propiedad privada y el establecimiento entre otras Instituciones, la del matrimonio monogámico. El hombre necesitaba estar seguro de la paternidad de sus descendientes a quienes debía legar sus dominios; para lograrlo tenía que poseer una mujer que únicamente lo tuviese a él por esposo. Esa pertenencia de la mujer entre sus otros bienes, el hombre la consagraba no solo con la marca de su apellido adherido al nombre de la esposa sino asignándole un papel específico en la Sociedad: ocuparse de cuestiones domésticas, vigilar y cuidar del crecimiento de los niños, bordar, es decir toda clase de tareas a realizar en casa, dando esta última condición asidero a expresiones como "la señora de la casa" , status que fue consignándose en las normas jurídicas que iban surgiendo conforme el hombre obtenía conquistas para sí, de las cuales quedaba excluida la "Reina del Hogar", membrete bajo el cual se anuncian electrodomésticos en los Medios de Comunicación, en el "Día de la Madre".  Las mujeres que se apartaban de ese esquema, eran consideradas de "mal vivir", "libertinas", etc. Más adelante, con el desarrollo del comercio, que para abrir mercados va rompiendo con tradiciones, modificando costumbres, el sometimiento de la mujer al hombre y la dependencia al hogar, va disminuyendo, en un proceso que se cuenta en siglos. La expansión del comercio influye también en el advenimiento y desarrollo tecnológico de los Medios de Comunicación. Ambas actividades se nutren y se sustentan mutuamente.

  20. O trabalho da crioulização: as práticas de nomeação na Guiné colonial The workings of Creolization: naming practices in colonial Guinea-Bissau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Trajano Filho

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa as práticas de nomeação nos aglomerados urbanos crioulizados da Guiné-Bissau no período colonial. Partindo de um corpus de 496 nomes colhidos nas listas de falecimentos publicadas pela Junta de Saúde do governo colonial entre 1892 e 1900, o trabalho descreve o processo de crioulização da sociedade colonial a partir da análise dos nomes das pessoas. Tendo como ponto de partida os padrões de nomeação em voga em Portugal e nas sociedades indígenas da Guiné colonial, a análise realizada mostra a dinâmica das práticas crioulas de nomeação, revelando sua instabilidade, criatividade e multidirecionalidade.This paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of Guinea-Bissau during the colonial period. Based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the Health Service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. Comparing the naming patterns prevailing in Portugal and in the indigenous societies of Guinea, this paper shows how Creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.

  1. Genetic diversity affects colony survivorship in commercial honey bee colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarpy, David R.; vanEngelsdorp, Dennis; Pettis, Jeffrey S.

    2013-08-01

    Honey bee ( Apis mellifera) queens mate with unusually high numbers of males (average of approximately 12 drones), although there is much variation among queens. One main consequence of such extreme polyandry is an increased diversity of worker genotypes within a colony, which has been shown empirically to confer significant adaptive advantages that result in higher colony productivity and survival. Moreover, honey bees are the primary insect pollinators used in modern commercial production agriculture, and their populations have been in decline worldwide. Here, we compare the mating frequencies of queens, and therefore, intracolony genetic diversity, in three commercial beekeeping operations to determine how they correlate with various measures of colony health and productivity, particularly the likelihood of queen supersedure and colony survival in functional, intensively managed beehives. We found the average effective paternity frequency ( m e ) of this population of honey bee queens to be 13.6 ± 6.76, which was not significantly different between colonies that superseded their queen and those that did not. However, colonies that were less genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e ≤ 7.0) were 2.86 times more likely to die by the end of the study when compared to colonies that were more genetically diverse (headed by queens with m e > 7.0). The stark contrast in colony survival based on increased genetic diversity suggests that there are important tangible benefits of increased queen mating number in managed honey bees, although the exact mechanism(s) that govern these benefits have not been fully elucidated.

  2. La sociedad de ensueño del turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Arroyo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo proclama el nacimiento de una nueva sociedad denominada la sociedad deensueño. Se presenta como un tema fascinante sobre la demanda futura de bienes y servicios, que predice que la sociedad actual, basada en la información, se convertirá en una sociedad que valora las historias detrás de los productos y servicios. Estas historias se construyen a partir de la necesidad de riqueza emocional, que la riqueza material ha convertido en algo común. La demanda de productos, a su vez aumentará la demanda de contadores de historias imaginativas que artísticamente pueden dirigir las emociones de los consumidores de una diversificada cultura global, donde imaginar, crear, divertir y fascinar puede resultar un duro trabajo para nuestros conceptos actuales. El resultado de la sociedad de ensueño es que los consumidores no compran productos sino estilos de vida e “historias”, experiencias, emociones y elementos que transmiten un sentido o un significado. En el artículo se menciona cómo los negocios de la industria turística se están transformando, y también se habla de los cambios en otros ámbitos de la sociedad como: el lugar de trabajo, la casa, las relaciones entre las personas y las naciones. Este tema es recomendado para el sector académico y empresarial.

  3. La sociedad de ensueño del turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Arroyo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo proclama el nacimiento de una nueva sociedad denominada la sociedad de ensueño. Se presenta como un tema fascinante sobre la demanda futura de bienes y servicios, que predice que la sociedad actual, basada en la información, se convertirá en una sociedad que valora las historias detrás de los productos y servicios. Estas historias se construyen a partir de la necesidad de riqueza emocional, que la riqueza material ha convertido en algo común. La demanda de productos, a su vez aumentará la demanda de contadores de historias imaginativas que artísticamente pueden dirigir las emociones de los consumidores de una diversificada cultura global, donde imaginar, crear, divertir y fascinar puede resultar un duro trabajo para nuestros conceptos actuales. El resultado de la sociedad de ensueño es que los consumidores no compran productos sino estilos de vida e “historias”, experiencias, emociones y elementos que transmiten un sentido o un significado. En el artículo se menciona cómo los negocios de la industria turística se están transformando, y también se habla de los cambios en otros ámbitos de la sociedad como: el lugar de trabajo, la casa, las relaciones entre las personas y las naciones. Este tema es recomendado para el sector académico y empresarial.

  4. O ensino jesuítico no período colonial brasileiro: algumas discussões Discussions on jesuit teaching in Brazil during the colonial period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Shigunov Neto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende realizar uma análise do ensino jesuítico implementado no período colonial brasileiro e demonstrar que a estrutura escolar fundada pelos padres jesuítas no Brasil era adequada para o momento histórico vivenciado, levando-se em consideração quatro aspectos: os objetivos do Projeto Português para o Brasil; o projeto educacional Jesuítico; a própria estrutura social brasileira da época; e o modelo de homem necessário para a época Colonial. Os jesuítas, com seu Projeto Educacional, e os portugueses que vieram para a colônia brasileira em busca de riquezas, tiveram papel fundamental na formação da estrutura social, administrativa e produtiva da sociedade que estava sendo formada. Partindo do pressuposto de que o fenômeno educacional não é um fenômeno independente e autônomo da realidade social de determinado momento histórico, devemos analisar o projeto jesuítico levando-se em conta o desenvolvimento social e produtivo da época colonial. Assim, pode-se supor que o modelo educacional proposto pelos jesuítas, que pretendia formar um modelo de homem, baseado nos princípios escolásticos, era coerente com as necessidades e aspirações de uma sociedade em formação na primeira fase do período colonial brasileiro.Jesuit teaching in Brazil during the colonial period is analyzed. It may even be proved that the schooling structure established by the Jesuit fathers was extremely adequate for that specific historical period. Four aspects may be taken into account: the aims of the Portuguese Project for Brazil; the Jesuit Educational Project; the Brazilian social structure at that time; and the human model needed for the colonial period. The Jesuits' Educational Project and the Portuguese colonizers that came to the colony in search of wealth have an important role in the formation of the social, administrative and productive structure of a society in constant evolution. Since the educational phenomenon

  5. Colonial Figures: Memories of Street Traders in the Colonial and Early Post-colonial Periods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheri Lynn Gibbings

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores post-colonial memories about street traders among individuals who lived in the former colony of the Dutch East Indies. It argues that these narratives romanticize the relationship between Europeans and indigenous peoples. Street vendors are also used to differentiate between periods within colonial and post-colonial history. The nostalgic representation of interracial contact between Europeans and traders is contrasted with representations of other figures such as the Japanese and the nationalist. A recurring feature of these representations is the ability of Europeans to speak with street traders and imagine what they wanted and needed. The traders are remembered as a social type that transgressed politics and represented the neutrality of the economic sphere as a place for shared communication. The article concludes that the figure of the street vendor contributes to the nostalgic reinvention of the colony but is also used in narratives to differentiate between and mark changes across the colonial and post-colonial periods.

  6. Da sociedade de sociedades à insularidade do estado entre medievo e idade moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Grossi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo exploraras descontinuidades entre os universos medievale moderno, enfocando, para tanto, as diferentesformas de a dimensão jurídica relacionar-secom a dimensão política e social, que, sobre basesantropológicas profundamente distintas (primeirocomunitária e, depois, individualista, identificama contraposição entre a “sociedade de sociedades”de origem medieval, e a insularidade doEstado, caracteristicamente moderna.This article has by purpose to explorethe discontinuities between the middle-aged andmodern universes, focusing, so for, the differentways to the juridical dimension to relate with thepolitical and social dimension, that, overanthropological bases deeply distint (firstcommunitarian and then individualist, identify thecounterposition between the “society of societies”from middle-aged source,and the State insularity,characteristicly modern.

  7. The Future Lunar Flora Colony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goel, E. G.; Guven, U. G.

    2017-10-01

    A constructional design for the primary establishment for a lunar colony using the micrometeorite rich soil is proposed. It highlights the potential of lunar regolith combined with Earth technology for water and oxygen for human outposts on the Moon.

  8. La cultura del horror en las sociedades avanzadas: de la sociedad centrípeta a la sociedad centrífuga.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDUARDO BERICAT ALASTUEY

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo expone los principales resultados de una investigación realizada con el objeto de analizar el papel que cumplen las emociones colectivas en el mantenimiento del orden social. En concreto, trata de explicar el hecho de que las noticias más importantes que aparecen en los medios de comunicación sean noticias de horror, es decir, noticias en las que la muerte siempre aparece en el primer plano de la escena. Los informativos de los medios de comunicación expresan y fomentan la cultura del horror característica de nuestras sociedades avanzadas. Ahora bien, para entender esta cultura es preciso determinar previamente la naturaleza emocional del horror, así como establecer una definición sociológica de este sentimiento. El horror es una emoción compleja compuesta por sentimientos de terror, de asco y de conmoción. El horror, sociológicamente, puede entenderse como "la emoción mediante la que un orden social señala sus límites más extremos". El estudio concluye señalando que existen dos modos alternativos de mantener el orden y la cohesión en el seno de un sistema social. El primer modo de legitimación, característico de las sociedades centrípetas, funciona mediante la gran potencia atractiva que ejerce sobre el campo social un núcleo central de valores sociales positivos. El segundo, característico de las sociedades centrífugas, funciona mediante la gran potencia repulsiva que ejercen sobre el campo social las transgresiones flagrantes del orden moral. El modo típico en el que las sociedades centrífugas regulan el orden social explica la cultura del horror característica de nuestras sociedades avanzadas.

  9. Sociedad civil / sociedad informacional: redes sociales basadas en tic en argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Finquelievich

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es una contribución al estudio sobre las redes sociales sustentadas por Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (TICs, en relación con el proceso de apropiación social de las TICs como instrumentos de comunicación y organización social para el desarrollo local. Definimos este desarrollo como el empoderamiento de organizaciones intermedias y de base, movimientos y movilizaciones populares y, en general, de entidades y organizaciones comprometidas con el apoyo popular a nivel local, y sus interacciones con otros actores sociales, como el sector público, el privado y el académico, para el progreso económico y social de la comunidad en su conjunto. A fin de ilustrar las consecuencias y desarrollos de esta perspectiva, se estudia la evolución del uso de TIC en las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en Argentina y específicamente, aquellas con sede en la ciudad de Buenos Aires.

  10. De la sociedad de trabajo a la sociedad tecnológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSÉ ENRIQUE RODRÍGUEZ IBÁÑEZ

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad actual, caracterizada por la revolución tecnoproductiva (el crecimiento y la difusión acelerados de industrias de alta tecnología, como, por ejemplo, el tratamiento de la información, las comunicaciones avanzadas, y la biotecnología y por un cambio en la mentalidad del "estado de bienestar" en lo que concierne a las preocupaciones por la calidad de vida y la intimidad, es recomendable que los valores tradicionales rígidos con respecto al trabajo, sean reestructurados según los nuevos criterios sociales y económicos. Los problemas sociales actuales - por ejemplo, el alto desempleo y las injusticias sociales entre aquéllos incluidos en la jerarquía de la alta tecnología y aquéllos que son excluidos a causa de unas habilidades y una educación obsoletas - se podrían mejorar por medio de una mayor preocupación por el capital humano, la desburocratización, y a través de iniciativas sociales. Se detallan las estrategias específicas para tales cambios, como por ejemplo aquellas propuestas por A. Gorz ("El que no trabaje, comerá", Letra Internacional, 1986, 3.

  11. La educación en la sociedad del conocimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Paur, Alicia Beatriz; Rosanigo, Zulema Beatriz; Bramati, Pedro

    2006-01-01

    En este artículo analizamos el impacto de las TICs en la sociedad y en la educación, resaltando la importancia de adoptar una postura crítica frente a la cantidad de información que nos llega a través de las nuevas tecnologías. La educación es el eje vertebral y director que nos permitirá avanzar desde la llamada sociedad de la información hacia una sociedad del conocimiento más justa y democrática; de ahí que la formación permanente y el logro de la independencia cognoscitiva debieran est...

  12. IMPACTO DE LAS CATÁSTROFES NATURALES EN SOCIEDADES COLONIALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Gascón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo resaltamos la relación entre la dinámica de una sociedad y los cambios operados por catástrofes masivas, tanto en lo material como en la economía, la política y las ideas y valores religiosos. Examinamos casos coloniales, como la erupción del volcán Villarrica (1640 en el sur de Chile y otros terremotos destructivos del siglo XVII. Adoptaremos una perspectiva comparativa para mostrar cómo las catástrofes modifican las condiciones locales y provocan cambios en la vida de las sociedades coloniales.

  13. Beneficios fiscales de las sociedades cooperativas en Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez A., Héctor M.

    2013-01-01

    En la última década (período 2000-2010) en Venezuela, el número de sociedades cooperativas ha aumentado notablemente. Esto debido al énfasis por parte del Estado en promover la creación de estas asociaciones inmersas en la economía social, otorgando a las mismas diversos beneficios fiscales. La presente investigación tiene como objetivo, analizar los beneficios fiscales de las sociedades cooperativas en Venezuela. Se concluye, que las cooperativas poseen varios beneficios fi...

  14. Psiquismo y sociedad de la información

    OpenAIRE

    Robles Rodríguez, Francisco José; Caballero de la Torre, Vicente

    2009-01-01

    Se quiere mostrar la figura psíquica que podría explicar el entretejimiento entre las nociones de psiquismo y sociedad de la información; tal figura vendría a ser la de una suerte de individuo desfondado que se mostraría como el precipitado del psiquismo telemático característico de la sociedad de la información. A su vez, el desfondamiento inherente a tal forma de individualidad actuaría según una particular y evanescente lógica interna que cabría denominar mentalismo mágico.

  15. Colonial army recruitment patterns and post-colonial Military Coups ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since time immemorial, societies, states and state builders have been challenged and transformed by the need and quest for military manpower. European states relied on conscript armies to 'pacify' and retain colonies in parts of the non-European world. These facts underscore the meticulous attention paid by the British to ...

  16. Colonial Bilingual Heritage and Post-Colonial Myths in Cameroon's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thus, the study traces and shows that an uncritical support of the existing school bilingualism, a aspect of the general political objective of national unity and integration, hinges on a fictitious collective post-colonial dream about using the bilingual heritage of French and English, and the cultures that lie behind them, ...

  17. Habitus of social security in the lifestyles of rural families: the case of the São Miguel do Anta and Piranga municipalities in Zona da Mata Mineira, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Aparecida Moreira de Barros

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The universalization of the right to social security for rural producers and rural workers is a recent victory for Brazilian society. The implementation of this benefit began in the early 1990s. This article aimed to analyze the effects of rural social security on the lifestyle of families with retirees. The research was conducted in two small municipalities with agricultural economies from Zona da Mata Mineira region. The research used cross-sectional data collection procedures by applying a survey with open and closed-ended questions about consumption and living. The research sample was representative of the study population, comprising 117 rural elderly people, 64 from Piranga City and 53 from São Miguel do Anta City. Data obtained were categorized, analyzed and tested using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS software. The survey results highlighted routine behavior and a predisposition to act based on a long term planning system, supported by the certainty of receiving the pension. Planned and long-term investments became a reality, including home improvement projects and acquisition of durable goods. Concerns about immediate family maintenance gave way to a perspective based on future planning.

  18. Sociedad y medio ambiente. Ciudadanos y científicos ante la reforma medioambiental de la sociedad

    OpenAIRE

    Oltra Algado, Cristian

    2006-01-01

    El objetivo de la presente investigación es analizar el papel de los ciudadanos y los científicos en la reforma medioambiental de la sociedad, a partir del estudio de los valores y actitudes que estos dos actores sociales poseen ante la solución de los problemas medioambientales. El argumento esencial que se desarrolla en la investigación es que los factores culturales juegan un papel esencial en el proceso por el que las sociedades avanzadas hacen frente a los problemas medioambientales e in...

  19. Dutch Colonial Nostalgia Across Decolonisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijl, P.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that nostalgia for colonialism in the Netherlands, the so called tempo doeloe culture, is not a specifically postcolonial phenomenon caused by the collapse of the Dutch empire in Asia. In fact, nostalgia for the Dutch East Indies can be traced back to the nineteenth century, when

  20. Colonial adventures in tropical agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buelens, Frans; Frankema, Ewout

    2016-01-01

    How profitable were foreign investments in plantation agriculture in the Netherlands Indies during the late colonial era? We use a new dataset of monthly quoted stock prices and dividends of international companies at the Brussels stock exchange to estimate the returns to investment in tropical

  1. Affective Politics and Colonial Heritage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Britta Timm; Andersen, Casper

    2017-01-01

    The article analyses the spatial entanglement of colonial heritage struggles through a study of the Rhodes Must Fall student movement at the University of Cape Town and the University of Oxford. We explore affective politics and the role heritage can play in the landscape of body politics. We aim...

  2. Ant Colony Optimization for Control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Ast, J.M.

    2010-01-01

    The very basis of this thesis is the collective behavior of ants in colonies. Ants are an excellent example of how rather simple behavior on a local level can lead to complex behavior on a global level that is beneficial for the individuals. The key in the self-organization of ants is communication

  3. O CASAMENTO NA SOCIEDADE COLONIAL LUSO-BRASILEIRA UMA ANÁLISE HISTÓRICO-TEOLÓGICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riolando Azzi

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas antigas religiões da cunho rural, a realização do matrimônio e da procriação esteve sempre vinculada à proteção divina. Aos deuses eram atribuídas tanto a fertilidade da terra como a procriação animal e humana. Também a cultura greco-romana continuou enfatizando a importância da intercessão dos deuses para uma plena realização da vida matrimonial e sexual. Marcado por forte tendência espiritualista, o cristianismo primitivo e medieval procurou pôr diques a essa tendência considerada exorbitante.

  4. Antinomias y paradojas de la sociedad civil global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Cruz Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué podemos entender por sociedad civil global y cuáles son sus implicaciones sobre el ejercicio del poder a nivel mundial? El presente trabajo examina este problema. Primero, analiza las antinomias del concepto de sociedad civil global desde una perspectiva analítica. Segundo, estudia sus contenidos normativos en relación con la democratización y el poder a escala global. Existen tres antinomias cuando se trata de precisar el concepto de sociedad civil global como categoría analítica: no puede concebirse por referencia a un Estado o comunidad política global, pues este es inexistente; no se erige en un ámbito de civilidad que excluya la violencia; y no es posible definirla desde una perspectiva objetiva, porque la disputa por su significado hace parte de sí misma. En términos normativos, existe una paradoja pues la sociedad civil global no representa ciudadanos o intereses generales sino cuerpos con intereses particulares vinculados a la necesidad de gobierno o gobernanza global. Sin embargo, ha generado un cambio en las concepciones y las condiciones de ejercicio del poder en el escenario global, que potencialmente contribuye a la democratización de la política mundial.

  5. ¿Catastrofe o Nueva Sociedad? Modelo Mundial Latinoamericano

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... necesaria el favorecer la recuperación de esta parte de la memoria en la construcción de un conjunto de ... La capacidad de las sociedades de pensar a largo plazo, revisando la evidencia existente ..... Plazo más corto (menos de 20 años).

  6. Sociedade e Sustentabilidade: qual o lugar do conhecimento?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maíra Baumgarten

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto aporta algumas considerações histórico-teóricas sobre as relações entre sociedade, conhecimento e sustentabilidade, buscando as intersecções desse debate com a problemática do desenvolvimento no mundo contemporâneo. A seguir são apresentados os artigos que integram o dossiê Sociedade, Conhecimentos e Sustentabilidade. Esses artigos têm em comum o enlace entre sociedade, ciência e sustentabilidade, ora trazendo controvérsias teóricas e colocando em discussão o próprio fazer científico e sua crítica, ora apresentando a temática da produção científica sobre sustentabilidade, observando arranjos conceituais, abordagens das interfaces entre humanos e não humanos, hibridismos, disciplinaridade e interdisciplinaridade. As tecnologias da informação e suas aplicações e repercussões sociais também estão presentes nas análises apresentadas, que abordam, de um lado, interações mediadas pela internet e sua capacidade para a criação de apoio social e, de outro lado, o aumento de desigualdades sociais no acesso a bens e a recursos característicos de uma sociedade com uso mais intensificado de tecnologias de informação e comunicação.

  7. La sociedad civil en el proceso de toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Marín Aranguren

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué es la sociedad civil? Es la pregunta más recurrente cuando se intentan explicar sus objetivos, alcances, impacto y fines. En este documento se recogen las distintas definiciones que en la teoría política se han dado acerca de la sociedad civil. Luego, se intenta demostrar la necesidad e importancia de las dinámicas efectivas que ejerce la sociedad civil sobre la gestión pública y su incidencia para el engrosamiento del capital social y el desarrollo democrático. Finalmente se propone que, posteriormente, desde la academia, se hagan análisis más precisos alrededor de las organizaciones no gubernamentales con posibles temas aún no investigados en Colombia como por ejemplo: la responsabilidad y la democratización; la tercerización de la sociedad civil, los pros y contras del marketing social, las ventajas y desventajas al hablar de ciudadanía corporativa, entre otros problemas que involucran a este actor

  8. La sociedad civil en el proceso de toma de decisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Marín Aranguren

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué es la sociedad civil? Es la pregunta más recurrente cuando se intentan explicar sus objetivos, alcances, impacto y fines. En este documento se recogen las distintas definiciones que en la teoría política se han dado acerca de la sociedad civil. Luego, se intenta demostrar la necesidad e importancia de las dinámicas efectivas que ejerce la sociedad civil sobre la gestión pública y su incidencia para el engrosamiento del capital social y el desarrollo democrático. Finalmente se propone que, posteriormente, desde la academia, se hagan análisis más precisos alrededor de las organizaciones no gubernamentales con posibles temas aún no investigados en Colombia como por ejemplo: la responsabilidad y la democratización; la tercerización de la sociedad civil, los pros y contras del marketing social, las ventajas y desventajas al hablar de ciudadanía corporativa, entre otros problemas que involucran a este actor.

  9. Queen promiscuity lowers disease within honeybee colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeley, Thomas D; Tarpy, David R

    2006-01-01

    Most species of social insects have singly mated queens, but in some species each queen mates with numerous males to create a colony with a genetically diverse worker force. The adaptive significance of polyandry by social insect queens remains an evolutionary puzzle. Using the honeybee (Apis mellifera), we tested the hypothesis that polyandry improves a colony's resistance to disease. We established colonies headed by queens that had been artificially inseminated by either one or 10 drones. Later, we inoculated these colonies with spores of Paenibacillus larvae, the bacterium that causes a highly virulent disease of honeybee larvae (American foulbrood). We found that, on average, colonies headed by multiple-drone inseminated queens had markedly lower disease intensity and higher colony strength at the end of the summer relative to colonies headed by single-drone inseminated queens. These findings support the hypothesis that polyandry by social insect queens is an adaptation to counter disease within their colonies. PMID:17015336

  10. Recent Honey Bee Colony Declines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-20

    podcasts.psu.edu/taxonomy/term/62]. Staple crops such as wheat , corn, and rice do not rely on insect pollination and are mostly wind pollinated...are interacting to weaken bee colonies and are allowing stress-related pathogens, such as fungi , thus causing a final collapse.27 Others note the...possible role of miticide resistance in bees. High levels of bacteria, viruses, and fungi have been found in the guts of the recoverable dead bees

  11. Honeybee immunity and colony losses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Nazzi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The decline of honeybee colonies and their eventual collapse is a widespread phenomenon in the Northern hemisphere of the globe, which severely limits the beekeeping industry. This dramatic event is associated with an enhanced impact of parasites and pathogens on honeybees, which is indicative of reduced immunocompetence. The parasitic mite Varroa destructor and the vectored viral pathogens appear to play a key-role in the induction of this complex syndrome. In particular, the Deformed Wing Virus (DWV is widespread and is now considered, along with Varroa, one of the major causes of bee colony losses. Several lines of evidence indicate that this mite/DWV association severely affects the immune system of honeybees and makes them more sensitive to the action of other stress factors. The molecular mechanisms underpinning these complex interactions are currently being investigated and the emerging information has allowed the development of a new functional model, describing how different stress factors may synergistically concur in the induction of bee immune alteration and health decline. This provides a new logical framework in which to interpret the proposed multifactorial origin of bee colony losses and sets the stage for a more comprehensive and integrated analysis of the effect that multiple stress agents may have on honeybees.

  12. Salud y enfermedad en Tunja y su Provincia durante el período colonial

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    Ernesto Porras Collantes

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La salud pública es provincia del bienestar social, de la asistencia pública, que las modernas sociedades han integrado a la planificación urbana. Las condiciones físicas del sitio en que Tunja fue fundada, empero, entrabaron la planificación urbana colonial de la urbe y fueron óbice insalvable que conspiró contra su sanidad pública. En efecto, las necesidades tácticas de la guerra de conquista fueron causa determinante para que se fundara a Tunja en un sitio por demás inconveniente para una ciudad, como apropiado para un castro militar.

  13. Salud y enfermedad en tunja y su provincia durante el período colonial

    OpenAIRE

    Porras Collantes, Ernesto

    2010-01-01

    La salud pública es provincia del bienestar social, de la asistencia pública, que las modernas sociedades han integrado a la planificación urbana. Las condiciones físicas del sitio en que Tunja fue fundada, empero, entrabaron la planificación urbana colonial de la urbe y fueron óbice insalvable que conspiró contra su sanidad pública. En efecto, las necesidades tácticas de la guerra de conquista fueron causa determinante para que se fundara a Tunja en un sitio por demás inconveniente para una ...

  14. La infancia en riesgo social desde la sociedad del bienestar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ángeles BALSELLS

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo plantea la necesidad de redefinir el concepto de infancia en situación de riesgo social, dado que las avanzadas sociedades del bienestar están siendo escenario de nuevos fenómenos sociales que provocan a su vez la aparición de nuevos colectivos infanto-juveniles en riesgo. Se conoce el maltrato infantil familiar como una causa clara del riesgo social pero, ¿existen otras situaciones, fuera de la familia, que provocan la aparición de poblaciones infantiles en situación de riesgo social?, ¿se puede hablar de infancia en situación de riesgo social cuando no existen maltratos o negligencia en la familia? En definitiva, ¿las sociedades desarrolladas y avanzadas son el escenario de nuevos grupos de riesgo social? Estos son los interrogantes que pretende responder el presente artículo.

  15. La sociedad colombiana de fomento: empresarios bogotanos en 1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Montes Calderón

    2015-02-01

    La información que se encuentra en los archivos notariales es de gran importancia para conocer los antecedentes, el capital y la organización inicial de las sociedades empresariales. Tal es el caso de LA SOCIEDAD COLOMBIANA DE FOMENTO, una empresa conformada por un grupo selecto de empresarios nacionales cuyos objetivos eran buscar la rentabilidad y el dasarrollo del país. En este sentido la empresa se propuso diferentes frentes de trabajo tanto en la industria como en los servicios. Si bien conocer el desarrollo de la misma hubiera sido lo más deseable, esto no se pudo lograr pues la información se quemó en el holocausto de la toma del palacio de Justicia en 1989...

  16. La relación administrador-sociedad

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    Luis Fernando Sabogal Bernal

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se aborda el tema de la naturaleza jurídica de la relación administrador – sociedad con el fin de dar una mayor claridad sobre el cuerpo de normas y principios jurídicos que definen la posición, facultades y poderes de los administradores de sociedades. En la primera parte se hace una síntesis de las principales doctrinas que explican esta relación en el derecho continental europeo y angloamericano; en la segunda se organizan y concretizan las diferentes soluciones al problema por parte de la legislación, la jurisprudencia y la doctrina nacional colombiana; y finalmente, en la tercera se propone una aproximación interpretativa propia del autor, intentando conciliar las posiciones extranjeras y nacionales de conformidad con la jurisprudencia y la legislación colombianas.

  17. DA DOMINAÇÃO COLONIAL À COLONIALIDADE DO SABER: EFEITOS DO DETERMINISMO ECOLÓGICO DUAL NO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Almeida Loiola

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo estabelece reflexões acerca dos efeitos do determinismo ecológico dual sobre a formação social brasileira. Realizada a partir de fontes bibliográficas, a pesquisa funda-se no olhar crítico do pensamento pós-colonial, na semiosis colonial e na perspectiva da interação sociedade-natureza da historia ambiental, a fim de desconstruir os signos de dominação disseminados na representação dual da natureza no Brasil. Desde o período colonial a representação de natureza ocorreu numa perspectiva dual: paraíso provedor de riquezas, e/ou fator limitante à sociedade; ambas representações tributárias do determinismo ecológico, fundado, sobretudo, na ideia aristotélica dos trópicos como fator limitante às sociedades e na Teoria do degeneracionismo. Esse dualismo originou-se a partir da visão utilitarista e externalizada da relação sociedade-natureza, durante o processo de dominação colonial. Influenciou a construção do “ser brasileiro”, já que as identidades do povo brasileiro estiveram associadas a noção de selvagem, florestas, meio ecológico e riquezas naturais, operando no modo como o brasileiro se vê, e é visto. Os resultados expõem que, se antes os signos da dominação colonial travestidos de “destino ecológico” eram externos, no presente encontram-se internalizados na mídia, literatura, ciência e na política, oferecendo barreira mental para a identificação das potencialidades e limites do meio ecológico, bem como o desenvolvimento de uma sociedade com elevada sustentabilidade.

  18. SOCIEDAD, PAZ Y GUERRA EN SAN AGUSTÍN

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    MIGUEL VERGARA VILLALOBOS

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza las nociones de sociedad, paz y guerra, en La ciudad de Dios, de San Agustín, a la que nos referimos principalmente según la edición bilingüe preparada por José Morán (1965. En una primera parte, a modo de introducción, se expone el argumento general del libro y se explica la teoría de las dos ciudades, la terrena y la de Dios. Enseguida se analiza la noción de sociedad, que se fundamenta en la justicia y en el interés común como camino para alcanzar la paz. Esto nos lleva a examinar la justicia, que para San Agustín es un concepto fundamental tanto en la ciudad terrena como en la ciudad de Dios. Teniendo este marco conceptual en cuanto la sociedad y la autoridad, se entra a discutir la paz, que representa uno de los aspectos centrales de la obra que comentamos. En contraste y como oposición a la paz se analiza la guerra; para nalizar con un tema cuyo origen clásicamente se atribuye a San Agustín, cual es la guerra justa.

  19. UNA TEORÍA RETÓRICA DE LA SOCIEDAD

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    Javier Hernández García

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Se plantea en este artículo la tesis de que la estrategia discursiva de Miguel Antonio Caro de integrar en una misma dinámica constituyente de la civilización a la Lengua y al ordenamiento social (como Autoridad, rinde jugosos frutos conceptuales. Al hacer posible la postulación de una correspondencia sustantiva entre una gramática de la lengua y una gramática de la sociedad (entendida como civilización, y partiendo de la elaboración de postulados histórico sociales entresacados de las ciencias del lenguaje de la época, por los que se establecen, entre otras cosas, diferencias sustantivas entre lenguas complejamente desarrolladas y lenguas de menor complejidad, se extrapola un modelo de jerarquización de las sociedades humanas y de los hombres que las hablan y desarrollan que naturaliza, retorizándolas, las gradaciones, contraposiciones, junturas y distanciamientos constitutivos de la vida social. Teniendo en cuenta que para Caro el lenguaje es el primero y necesario elemento de sociabilidad, éste se autoconstituye en el mismo juego de vectores que se entrecruzan y combinan, avanzan y retroceden configurando la sociedad-civilización en la que el lenguaje se despliega y encarna, en un compartido camino que integra tradición y progreso, superioridad e inferioridad, hegemonía y subordinación.

  20. Comunidades virtuais gerando identidades na sociedade em rede

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    Cynthia Harumy Watanabe Corrêa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    A revolução tecnológica concentrada nas Tecnologias da Informação e da Comunicação (TICs, que possibilita a conexão mundial via redes de computadores, promove alterações significativas na base material da sociedade, ao estabelecer uma interdependência global entre os países e modificar as relações entre economia, Estado-nação e sociedade.  O uso crescente de redes como a Internet resultou na criação de um novo tipo de organização social, a sociedade em rede, que permite a formação de comunidades virtuais, grupos humanos constituídos pela identificação de interesses comuns.  Neste artigo, elaborado a partir de revisão teórica, abordaremos a formação dessas comunidades como uma estratégia do indivíduo para adquirir uma nova identidade, uma vez que as identidades culturais estão se fragmentando em conseqüência do processo de globalização, que é inerente à modernidade.

  1. Os Impactos da Adoção de Metodologias Ativas no Desempenho dos Discentes do Curso de Ciências Contábeis de Instituição de Ensino Superior Mineira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cícero José Oliveira Guerra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Uma reformulação na educação tem sido discutida pela comunidade científica com a finalidade de atender a novos objetivos nos processos de aprendizagem. É um desafio para as universidades modificarem o seu papel social, agregando novas metodologias de ensino nos seus programas de graduação para se inserirem neste contexto atual. A motivação deste estudo é verificar se a adoção de metodologias ativas de ensino no curso de Ciências Contábeis de uma Instituição de Ensino Superior privada, situada na região da Zona da Mata mineira, contribuiu para o desempenho dos seus discentes, sendo caracterizada como desempenho, nesta pesquisa, a melhoria das notas dos estudantes. As metodologias ativas, atendendo a essa reformulação educacional, estão preocupadas em formar um estudante crítico, capaz de atuar no mercado atual, sujeito a constantes mudanças. O período de estudo compreende os anos entre 2011 e 2014. Buscou-se responder à seguinte questão: Há impacto no desempenho dos discentes do curso de Ciências Contábeis após a implantação de metodologias ativas na IES pesquisada? Para testar a hipótese proposta, utilizou-se o teste de médias T student e métodos de regressão. Os dados analisados foram coletados a partir de documentos cedidos pelos colaboradores da instituição. Os resultados mostram que há evidências de que a utilização das metodologias ativas no curso de Ciências Contábeis contribuíram para o desempenho dos estudantes no período estudado.

  2. Por trás do discurso socialmente responsável da siderurgia mineira Behind the Social Responsibility Speech of Minas Gerais' Siderurgy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Aureliano Monteiro de Andrade

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A Responsabilidade Social Corporativa (RSC é um tema relevante e recentemente tem estimulado vários debates científicos, enfocando as vantagens que apresenta aos negócios em geral e à sociedade. Num esforço para explorar processos organizacionais de RSC, o principal objetivo do presente estudo é analisar o balanço social de empresas brasileiras. O framework da análise embasa-se no conteúdo publicado do instrumento (balanço social ao longo de de 2 anos. As unidades de análise são duas grandes empresas do setor siderúrgico de Minas Gerais. Usamos análise de conteúdo e de fotografias (BAUER, 2004; BARDIN, 2004 para atingir os objetivos da pesquisa. Para dar suporte à análise de conteúdo, usamos a pirâmide de Carroll (1991 como abordagem teórica. Os resultados mostram que apesar do discurso das empresas focar-se principalmente em razões éticas para investir em RSC, a motivação real é reforço da marca e do posicionamento corporativo.The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR is a relevant theme and recently it has stimulated lot of scientific debates, focusing on its advantages to business in general and to society. In an effort to explore CSR processes within companies, the main purpose of this study is to analyze the Brazilian Corporate Social Balance. The framework of analysis is based on published contents of the instrument (Corporate Social Balance, for the period of two years. The units analyzed are two large enterprises in the steel sector in Minas Gerais State. We used content and photographic analysis (BAUER, 2007; BARDIN, 2004 to attain the research objectives. To support the content analysis, we used Carroll's Pyramid of Social Responsibility theory (1991 as our theoretical approach. The results show that although companies' discourse focuses mainly on ethical reasons for investing in CSR, the actual motivation is the brand reinforcement and positioning.

  3. Colonialism: When will it End?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Pino Robles

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se examina cómo la imposición del proceso de colonización cambió la forma de vida de la gente, mostrando además que dicho proceso no terminó con la independencia de las colonias o con la creación de Estados-Naciones autónomas como Canadá o las repúblicas de Centro y Sudamérica. Se muestra la existencia de sistemas similares de colonización contra la gente indígena en nuestras sociedades. Este artículo sugiere la necesidad de reforzar los estudios indígenas para otorgarles una voz a las víctimas mediante el reconocimiento social.

  4. La sociedad civil como base de la educación y la educación como base de la sociedad civil

    OpenAIRE

    Alvira, Rafael

    2013-01-01

    La tesis fundamental del trabajo está expresada en el título: la sociedad civil es condición indispensable para que se pueda realizar una tarea educativa de altura y, a su vez, sin una educación bien hecha la sociedad civil sería imposible. Como sucede siempre, se puede comenzar por intentar mejorar las estructuras de la sociedad civil, o por potenciar la educación, pero en realidad la clave ahora está en cambiar la concepción tanto de la sociedad civil como de la educación. Para ello, result...

  5. Alternative Modernities for Colonial Korea

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    Steven Lee

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Sunyoung Park. The Proletarian Wave: Literature and Leftist Culture in Colonial Korea, 1910–1945. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2015. 348 pp. $50 (cloth. Vladimir Tikhonov. Modern Korea and Its Others: Perceptions of the Neighbouring Countries and Korean Modernity. London: Routledge, 2016. 218 pp. $160 (cloth. It has become a global scholarly undertaking: how to rethink modernity so as to decouple it from Westernization (Chakrabarty 2000. Strategies have included foregrounding the plurality of history to disrupt linear progress; positing non-Western centers of modernity in, say, Moscow or Shanghai; and tracing anticolonial circuits connecting Asia to Africa to Latin America. The two recent books under review here add colonial-era Korea to such far-reaching discussions by situating the country across national boundaries. Interestingly, one connecting thread here is the alternative world system provided by the interwar, Soviet-oriented Left. The result is an unsettling of binaries that subsequently became entrenched during the Cold War: for example, north-south, socialist-nationalist, and, for literature, realist-modernist. But more broadly, pervading both books is the sense that history could have turned out differently—that revisiting northeast Asia’s porous borders in the early twentieth century reveals the Korean peninsula’s lost, internationalist potential...

  6. Escalated convergent artificial bee colony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadon, Shimpi Singh; Bansal, Jagdish Chand; Tiwari, Ritu

    2016-03-01

    Artificial bee colony (ABC) optimisation algorithm is a recent, fast and easy-to-implement population-based meta heuristic for optimisation. ABC has been proved a rival algorithm with some popular swarm intelligence-based algorithms such as particle swarm optimisation, firefly algorithm and ant colony optimisation. The solution search equation of ABC is influenced by a random quantity which helps its search process in exploration at the cost of exploitation. In order to find a fast convergent behaviour of ABC while exploitation capability is maintained, in this paper basic ABC is modified in two ways. First, to improve exploitation capability, two local search strategies, namely classical unidimensional local search and levy flight random walk-based local search are incorporated with ABC. Furthermore, a new solution search strategy, namely stochastic diffusion scout search is proposed and incorporated into the scout bee phase to provide more chance to abandon solution to improve itself. Efficiency of the proposed algorithm is tested on 20 benchmark test functions of different complexities and characteristics. Results are very promising and they prove it to be a competitive algorithm in the field of swarm intelligence-based algorithms.

  7. Sociedad civil: una interpretación y una trayectoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez-Díaz, Víctor

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    El lector me permitirá quizá que le explique de entrada el propósito y el alcance de este brevísimo ensayo, anticipándole los temas de las tres partes que lo componen. Primero, explico lo que quiero decir con la expresión «sociedad civil». Con este fin, describo un tipo o carácter ideal de sociedad civil, en torno al cual he organizado un esquema conceptual que utilizo desde hace años en un amplio programa de investigación en ciencia social; y esbozo las líneas de demarcación entre mi uso de esa expresión y otros usos que se han hecho y se hacen tic ella. Segundo, reelaboro el proceso por el que comencé a utilizar este concepto a mediados de los años setenta. Se trata de un esbozo de reconstrucción, hipotético y fragmentario, del contexto de descubrimiento de aquel esquema conceptual. Es un flash back que me lleva de los primeros sesenta (podría haberme llevado más atrás a mi libro Estado, burocracia y sociedad civil, que escribí en 1976 (Pérez- Díaz, 1978. Tercero, tomo nota de los cambios en mi posición a lo largo de estos años, y me interrogo sobre algunos de los problemas que me han llevado de la concepción de 1976 a la que expongo en La primacía de la sociedad civil de 1993 (Pérez- Díaz, 1993, y en mis trabajos ulteriores, donde hay un desplazamiento sistemático del énfasis de mi trabajo desde lo que Hamo (en la Primada «sociedad civil sensu stricto» hacia la «sociedad civil sensu lato». La explicación podría radicar en la necesidad de revisar, ampliar y formalizar el esquema «acomodándolo»: uno, al proceso en curso de mis trabajos de investigación empírica, y a la importancia creciente en esos trabajos de los temas de autoridad pública, esfera pública y política pública; dos, al horizonte histórico del whithcring away del totalitarismo comunista; y tres, a mi interés creciente en los temas de tradición, instituciones y retórica. Aunque los

  8. Sociedad civil: una concepción radical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo García Marzá

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivos presentar un concepto de sociedad civil desde una perspectiva crítica, una perspectiva que pueda dar razón del potencial de cambio y transformación social que encierra este ámbito de la interacción social. Con este fin, se adentra en primer lugar en la difícil relación entre democracia y sociedad civil, analizándola desde el paso de las democracias participativas a las democracias deliberativas. El carácter global de la sociedad civil y los problemas de realización práctica nos conducen, en segundo lugar, a la discusión de la propuesta de autores como J. Habermas y M. Kaldor, destacando las insuficiencias de sus respectivos enfoques. A continuación, y en discusión con los trabajos de J. Keane, se presenta una propuesta de definición y fundamentación del concepto de sociedad civil apoyado en una hermenéutica crítica, capaz de justificar su núcleo moral como ética de la sociedad civil y, al mismo tiempo, de sus posibilidades reales de aplicación. Por último, se propone el concepto de recursos morales para reconstruir las características básicas que definen a los recursos propios de la sociedad civil.The objective of this paper is to present a concept of civil society from a critical perspective that can explain the potential for change and social transformation encompassed within this sphere of social interaction. To this end, we first explore the difficult relationship between democracy and civil society, through an analysis of the shift from participative to deliberative democracy. The global character of civil society and the problems of its practical achievement lead us, in a second stage, to discuss proposals from authors such as J. Habermas and M. Kaldor, and to uncover the inadequacies of their respective approaches. This is followed by a proposal, arising from debate on the works of J. Keane, in which the concept of civil society is defined and grounded

  9. Universidad, sociedad y conocimiento: reflexiones para el debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norberto Fernández Lamarra

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta algunas reflexiones sobre la relación actual entre universidad, sociedad y políticas del conocimiento en Latinoamérica. Para ello, parte de considerar la situación pasada y presente de la educación superior en la región pero a la vez plantea sus interrogantes mirando hacia el futuro de los niños y jóvenes que hoy transitan las aulas de los sistemas educativos. Se consideran 4 ejes de análisis: "la Universidad que América Latina hubiese tenido", "la Universidad que tenemos", "Universidad y sociedad: su democratización" y "Universidad y conocimiento: la innovación". A través de ellos, y partiendo de un diagnóstico de la situación actual de los sistemas educativos en la región, sus mandatos fundacionales y sus promesas aún no cumplidas, se postula la necesidad de innovar. A modo de ejemplo, se plantea una reflexión a partir de los primeros resultados de una investigación desarrollada por el NIFEDE (UNTREF sobre la innovación en las universidades públicas en Argentina. El artículo concluye con algunas propuestas para una nueva Universidad en América Latina que se plantean en dos dimensiones. En primer lugar, una serie de desafíos que deben enfrentar las políticas para la educación superior en la región y en segundo lugar los desafíos que deben enfrentar las propias instituciones de nivel superior para que esas políticas logren los resultados que la Sociedad del Conocimiento hoy demanda a la Universidad.

  10. Queen promiscuity lowers disease within honeybee colonies

    OpenAIRE

    Seeley, Thomas D; Tarpy, David R

    2006-01-01

    Most species of social insects have singly mated queens, but in some species each queen mates with numerous males to create a colony with a genetically diverse worker force. The adaptive significance of polyandry by social insect queens remains an evolutionary puzzle. Using the honeybee (Apis mellifera), we tested the hypothesis that polyandry improves a colony's resistance to disease. We established colonies headed by queens that had been artificially inseminated by either one or 10 drones. ...

  11. La Sociedad del Conocimiento y el Fin de la Escuela

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Rojas, Pedro

    2004-01-01

    Educere:Una Brizna de Aliento en el Tiempo Rivas, Pedro El Paradigma Reinante y su Paideia Alonso, Leonor La Experiencia Contemporánea como Expresión del Fin de una ÉticaAlgunas Ideas desde la Postmodernidad para Releer el Dato Educativo Perdomo, José Camilo La Sociedad del Conocimiento y el Fin de la Escuela Rodríguez Rojas, Pedro Escuela, Alteridad y Experiencia de SíLa Producción Pedagógica del Sujeto Valera Villegas, G...

  12. Responsabilidad de directores de sociedades en Estados Unidos. Aspectos procesales

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    Héctor José Miguens

    2015-01-01

    El objeto de este artículo es describir este régimen en su totalidad y realizar un juicio crítico de las normas que rigen las acciones procesales de la responsabilidad de los directores de sociedades comerciales en el derecho societario en Estados Unidos. La metodología utilizada en este trabajo responde a la sistemática de los autores norteamericanos citados, que se caracteriza por centrarse en los aspectos prácticos, la solución de problemas particulares y el comentario crítico de la jurisprudencia aplicable a la cuestión.

  13. A influência da cultura Otaku na sociedade ocidental

    OpenAIRE

    Barros, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Com este artigo pretende-se contar a história e o impacto da cultura otaku (cultura pop japonesa) na sociedade ocidental, com principal ênfase nas relações Japão-Estados Unidos da América e ainda com uma pequena ênfase no efeito desta subcultura em Portugal. Durante o artigo abordar-se-ão temas históricos e actuais sobre o que levou ao desenvolvimento desta subcultura, como a história Japonesa, o desenvolvimento pós-guerra do Japão, a influência americana no anime japonês e posterior influênc...

  14. México hacia una sociedad del conocimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Carreón Mendoza; Ricardo Melgoza Ramos

    2012-01-01

    Es importante para México convertirse en una sociedad del conocimiento, con una clara estrategia en su plan de desarrollo con respecto a la inversión en: transferencia tecnológica, incremento del capital intelectual, mayor vinculación de los sectores nacionales que generan ciencia y la generación de políticas públicas que incentiven la innovación en ciencia y tecnología y la protección de la propiedad intelectual.

  15. IMPACTO DE LAS CATÁSTROFES NATURALES EN SOCIEDADES COLONIALES

    OpenAIRE

    Margarita Gascón

    2005-01-01

    En este trabajo resaltamos la relación entre la dinámica de una sociedad y los cambios operados por catástrofes masivas, tanto en lo material como en la economía, la política y las ideas y valores religiosos. Examinamos casos coloniales, como la erupción del volcán Villarrica (1640) en el sur de Chile y otros terremotos destructivos del siglo XVII. Adoptaremos una perspectiva comparativa para mostrar cómo las catástrofes modifican las condiciones locales y provocan cambios en la vida de las s...

  16. De la accion comunicativa a la sociedad democratica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Félix Ángulo Rasco

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Defendendo uma ética da comunicação como condição da construção de uma sociedade democrática de indivíduos emancipados, o texto traz uma reflexão sobre os fundamentos da ética comunicativa de Habermas, a partir da distinção entre dois campos de desenvolvimento discursivo: o discurso teórico e o discurso prático.

  17. A UNIVERSIDADE E A "SOCIEDADE DA INFORMAÇÃO" LA UNIVERSIDAD Y LA "SOCIEDAD DE LA INFORMACIÓNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Nélida González de Gómez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Podemos dizer que a Sociedade da Informação ocupa o lugar e assume as expectativas que outrora eram projetadas na Modernidade. Para Habermas, o entendimento do presente passa por pensar no avançar desde e além da modernidade parcial, não já como superada (como quando se fala da pós-modernidade, nem como uma ficção a ser simplesmente negada (como quando se afirma que jamais fomos modernos. Trata-se de pensar, com esses pontos de partida, se estamos hoje a buscar soluções vicariantes ao déficit sistêmico daquela modernidade incompleta, ou se, superando uma modernização periférica ou tardia, empreendemos caminhos auto-reflexivos e inovadores para definir e construir novas configurações do conhecimento, da comunicação e da informação. Como resposta às demandas das quais a Sociedade da Informação é ao mesmo tempo sintoma, apelação e desafio, as Universidades do Brasil e da América Latina tem em suas mãos o poder e a dívida de nutrir as variáveis epistêmicas de processos e práticas auto-reflexivos, gerando novas formas de um diálogo polifônico entre as esferas quase-públicas das Ciências, as plurais redes das tradições locais e os dilemas universais, que colocam hoje um novo cosmopolitismo informacional à luz de um repensar geral do devir da humanidade. Palavras-chave Sociedade da informação; Universidade; Bibliotecas universitárias Resumen Podemos decir que la sociedad de la información ocupa el lugar y asume las expectativas que ya fueran proyectadas sobre la Modernidad. Para Habermas, entender el presente es pensar en avanzar desde y mas allá de una modernidad parcial, ni superada(como cuando se habla de la pós-modernidad, ni puramente una ficción a se negada (diciendo que nunca fuimos modernos. Se piensa, con esos puntos de partida, si hoy buscamos soluciones vicarias del déficit sistémico de aquella modernidad incompleta, o si, superando una modernización periférica o tardía, iniciamos caminos

  18. La educación comparada en una sociedad global

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    José Luis García Garrido

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Intenta el autor ofrecer un cuadro de referencia de 10 que va a suponer, para la educacion comparada en cuanto disciplina cientifica y academica, el advenimiento del siglo XXI y, con él,el de una sociedad humana globalizada. Se refiere en concreto a los nuevos desafios presentes ya hoy, particularmente los derivados de la globalizacion económica, cultural y social, asi como a los nuevos recursos con que puede y podra contarse, sobre todo los relativos a la tecnologia de la comunicación. Exarnina, a modo de ejemplo, dos enfoques metodológicos defendidos recientemente como especialmente adecuados a las necesidades del momento, estableciendo sus pros y contras. Y finaliza con una llamada de atención hacia la necesidad de que la educacion comparada, en la sociedad giobalizada del siglo XXI, profundice sus planteamientos epistemológicos por la via de una mayor ret1exion histórica, cultural y filosofica de los sistemas educacionales

  19. Hume, Smith e as etapas da sociedade comercial

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    Rogério Arthmar

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo trata das concepções de David Hume e de Adam Smith sobre o ressurgimento da sociedade comercial na Europa após o feudalismo. Parte-se de breve exposição dos princípios filosóficos de Hume a fim de se apresentar suas teses referentes ao assunto na obra History of England. Mostra-se como ele associa o movimento parlamentar pela liberdade na Inglaterra com o progresso do comércio ocasionado pelo consumo de luxo da nobreza. Posteriormente, revisa-se a posição de Smith sobre os obstáculos à riqueza, bem como sua explicação para a decadência das civilizações grega e romana. Evidencia-se ainda como a interpretação smithiana do advento da sociedade comercial moderna apoia-se na versão antecipada por Hume. Por fim, destacam-se as implicações do conflito central entre predação e produção presente nas teorias do desenvolvimento de longo prazo da humanidade elaboradas por ambos os autores.

  20. Sociedad y naturaleza en la mitología Muisca

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    François Correa Rubio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Analizando la mitología de los muiscas ilustraré cómo se trata de un discurso que puede guiar el comportamiento social porque esta constituido por un conjunto de abstracciones que, en el lenguaje simbólico, expresan el conocimiento de la sociedad sobre sus propias relaciones y de estas con la naturaleza. El análisis evidencia cómo el sol y la luna eran los símbolos dominantes no sólo por su importancia en el ordenamiento del tiempo y espacio del universo y, en consecuencia, en las tareas cotidianas, sino cómo su comportamiento pretendía ser explicado a semejanza de la estabilidad y variabilidad de las relaciones sociales. Argumentaré que esta analogía entre el comportamiento de los astros y las gentes constituye un operador lógico en el que descansa la simbología. Los mitos no son, pues, fantasía, ni en ellos «todo puede suceder». Son construcciones culturales que expresan en un discurso codificado, conocimientos de la experiencia que la sociedad debe seguir para garantizar su propia reproducción social.

  1. Educación compleja: Indisciplinar la sociedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Maldonado

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de investigación es eminentemente crítico y propositivo. Se plantea aquí la tesis de una educación modo complejo, la cual consiste, específicamente, en una indisciplinarización del conocimiento, de la sociedad y de las instituciones. Se aportan, por consiguiente, los argumentos que hacen posible comprender esta tesis. En primer lugar, se muestra qué y cómo la historia de Occidente ha sido la historia de la disciplinarización de la sociedad. Sobre esta base, el segundo argumento establece lo que puede ser considerado como el estado del arte de la indisciplinariedad. Seguidamente, se justifica por qué razón tiene sentido afirmar aquí la indisciplinarización del conocimiento. El cuarto argumento se concentra entonces en una educación modo complejo (que es mucho mejor que hablar de una educación compleja. Al final se extraen algunas conclusiones.

  2. Deporte y modernidad: caso Colombia. Del deporte en sociedad a la deportivización de la sociedad

    OpenAIRE

    David Leonardo Quitián Roldán

    2013-01-01

    El deporte es, quizá, la expresión más potente de la modernidad: surge con la industrialización y la urbanización, teniendo como epicentro los clubes londinenses. Sin embargo, su difusión desde la metrópoli victoriana y la apropiación de los principios morales que encarnaba en cada sociedad merece un escrutinio detallado, considerando escenarios de lucha, como su popularización a través de expresiones como el fútbol y el ciclismo. El presente artículo pretende realizar un recorrido analítico ...

  3. Mining and society in Coahuila. Mineria y sociedad en Coahuila

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canales Santos, A.

    1991-09-15

    The best studies on mining in the Republic of Mexico show that mining played a very important role in setting in motion the economic development and expansion of colonial Mexico. Very little is known about this industry in the state of Coahuila, however, with regard to its history and economy and how it interacted with the economy of the new Spanish America. This makes Coahuila a suitable region on which to carry out a study. 24 refs.

  4. Understanding Long-Run African Growth : Colonial Institutions or Colonial Education?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolt, J.; Bezemer, D.J.

    2009-01-01

    Long-term growth in developing countries has been explained in four frameworks: 'extractive colonial institutions' (Acemoglu et al., 2001), 'colonial legal origin' (La Porta et al., 2004), 'geography' (Gallup et al., 1998) and 'colonial human capital' (Glaeser et al., 2004). In this paper we test

  5. A responsabilidade social de siderúrgicas mineiras e a percepção de suas comunidades de entorno The social responsability of steel companies from Minas Gerais State (Brazil and the perception of their surrounding communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Aureliano Monteiro de Andrade

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisou as percepções que comunidades de três grandes siderúrgicas mineiras têm sobre a responsabilidade social dessas organizações, assim com a relação disso com o valor da marca (VM. O estudo se baseou na Pirâmide de responsabilidade social de Carroll (1991 e foi feito a partir de um método tipo Survey. Foi estruturado um questionário com afirmações do tipo Likert que procurou avaliar como as comunidades percebem as organizações do ponto de vista dos vários aspectos da responsabilidade social corporativa, de acordo com o modelo de Carroll (1991, assim como qual a percepção de marca que essas pessoas têm dessas corporações e a relação desses fatores. Os resultados foram analisados por meio de métodos estatísticos multivariados e demonstram que as empresas têm alto VM entre suas comunidades de entorno e que isso é construído principalmente em função de uma percepção positiva das dimensões éticas e filantrópicas.The main purpose of this paper was to evaluate the perception of three surrounding communities of large steel companies from the State of Minas Gerais about the social responsibility of these corporations, as well as the relationship between this perception and the brand value view (BV. The study used the framework "Pyramid of Social Responsibility", proposed by Carroll (1991. It was a quantitative survey research with Likert-type questions, which aimed to assess how the communities perceive the various aspects of the social responsibility of these organizations and the perception of their brand value, as well as the relationship between these factors. The results, which were analyzed by multivariate statistical methods, showed that the analyzed companies have high quality brand values, mainly due to a positive perception of their ethical and philanthropic dimensions.

  6. Impacto do monocultivo de café sobre os indicadores biológicos do solo na zona da mata mineira Impact of monocultivation coffee on biological indicators of quality soil in the zona da mata (MG, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Alfredo Pinheiro Leal Nunes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do monocultivo de café em um latossolo, na Zona da Mata mineira, por meio de alterações em indicadores microbiológicos de qualidade do solo. Foram selecionadas quatro áreas: a cultivo de café (Mundo Novo durante 22 anos (C22, após uso com pastagem; b cultivo de café (Catuaí durante 16 anos (C16, antes mata secundária; c mata secundária com aproximadamente de 30 anos (M30 e d mata secundária com 40 anos (M40. Para tanto, amostras compostas de solos foram coletadas na profundidade de 0-10cm, em janeiro, abril, julho e outubro. As variáveis biológicas estudadas se mostraram sensíveis para caracterizar alterações de qualidade do solo decorrentes do monocultivo de café. Os resultados variaram com a estação do ano e o clima, e, no período mais seco, ocorreu uma redução nos valores, afetando mais drasticamente os sistemas com café. O índice de qualidade do solo demonstrou que o sistema C22 apresentou maior perda de qualidade em relação ao M40, indicando o comprometimento de sua sustentabilidade.This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the coffee monoculture in an oxisol of the Zona da Mata (MG, Brazil through changes in total organic carbon in the soil and microbiological indicators of soil quality. Four areas were selected: a culture of coffee (Novo Mundo during 22 years (C22; b culture of coffee (Catuaí during 16 years (C16 c secondary forest with approximately 30 years old (M30 and d secondary forest during 40 years (M40. Soil samples were collected in the depth of 0-10cm in January, April, July and October. The biological variables studied were sensitive to characterize changes in soil quality from coffee monoculture. The results varied with the season and climate. In the driest period, a reduction in the values occurred, affecting more drastically the coffee systems. The index of soil quality showed that the C22 system presented greater loss of quality in relation to the

  7. La empresa familiar y su organización en forma de sociedad mercantil, con especial referencia a la sociedad de responsabilidad limitada

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    María Angustias Díaz Gómez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, tras unas consideraciones generales sobre la Empresa Familiar, analizamos, en primer lugar, los tipos sociales mercantiles que puede adoptar en España la Sociedad Familiar, haciendo un repaso de las formas sociales típicas reconocidas por el legislador, reflexionando sobre sus ventajas e inconvenientes. En segundo lugar, nos centramos en el estudio del régimen jurídico de las dos Sociedades Capitalistas más representativas, la Sociedad Anónima y la Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada, analizando sus rasgos comunes, todo ello con el fin de dilucidar cuál se adapta mejor a las particularidades de la Sociedad Familiar. En tercer lugar, considerando que la Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada es la forma jurídica de creación de Sociedades Familiares más utilizada, se le dedica especial atención, destacando las divergencias fundamentales de regulación entre esta sociedad y la Sociedad Anónima. Asimismo se estudia la Sociedad Limitada Nueva Empresa, como subtipo de la Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada. Como conclusión, se trata de arrojar luz sobre la elección preferente de la Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada como forma jurídica de constitución de la Sociedad Familiar y, al mismo tiempo, de examinar, desde una perspectiva crítica, la normativa que le resulta aplicable.In this work, after a few general considerations on the Family enterprise, we analyze, first, the types of mercantile companies that the Familiar Company can adopt in Spain, doing a revision of the social typical forms recognized by the legislator, thinking about his advantages and disadvantages. Secondly, we centre on the study of the juridical regime of both most representative Capitalist Companies, the public limited liability company and the Private limited company, analyzing his common features, all this in order to explain which one adapts better to the particularities of the Familiar Company. Thirdly, considering that the Private limited

  8. Post-Colonialism Perspectives on Educational Competition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chuan-Rong

    2016-01-01

    Educational competition has always been the puzzle issue of educational researches. In this article, I analyze several aspects of educational competition within the perspective of post-colonialism discourse. In the political aspect, Taiwanese education is linked with political power, to present the post-colonial spirit by continuing dynastic…

  9. [Notes about other epidemics in Colonial Chile].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laval, Enrique

    2015-10-01

    In chronicles or in the historiography of the Colony in Chile there are few references about epidemics different to smallpox; like typhus, typhoid fever, dysentery, etc. Almost all, fast spreading in the country and some with high lethality, which led to overflowing the capacity of hospitals in the Chilean colonial period.

  10. Hegemony and Accommodation in the History Curriculum in Colonial Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mafela, Lily

    2014-01-01

    A reanalysis of colonial education is necessary in order to highlight its multifaceted and hybrid nature in specific colonial contexts. Although in general, colonial education served the socio-political needs of the colonial machinery, the colonial government's hegemonic authority over the school curriculum did not operate as a totalising project.…

  11. Práxis educativa: tempo, pensamento e sociedade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Correia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El tema de este trabajo es la praxis educativa, concebida por la articulación de los conceptos de tiempo, pensamiento y sociedad. Se llevó a cabo a la luz de las directivas de la investigación conceptual. Defiende la preocupación con la educación del presente para el hombre y de la mujer en realidad, no idealmente diseñados. El trabajo analiza los modelos corporativos capitalistas y socialistas y preconiza enfrentar al reto de crear un modelo corporativo y un estilo existencial basados en los valores de la justicia y de la libertad, qué son las justificaciones últimas para que el maestro e la maestra puedan movilizar los conocimientos que poseen en situaciones reales de enseñanza y aprendizaje.

  12. Futebol, identidade e media na sociedade em rede

    OpenAIRE

    Cardoso, G.; Xavier, D.; Cardoso, T.

    2007-01-01

    Este artigo lida com um dos fenómenos mediáticos de maior abrangência nas sociedades contemporâneas: o futebol. Partindo do pressuposto de que o futebol é também um elemento de construção de comunidades de pertença, sejam elas nacionais, regionais ou de menor dimensão geográfica, procura-se através da análise das respostas a um inquérito representativo da população portuguesa compreender que factores diferenciam identitariamente os adeptos dos três maiores clubes portugueses: Benfica, Porto e...

  13. DERECHOS HUMANOS, SOCIEDAD DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y SOCIEDAD DE RIESGO DIREITOS HUMANOS, SOCIEDADE DA INFORMAÇÃO E SOCIEDADE DE RISCO HUMAN RIGHTS, INFORMATION SOCIETY AND RISK SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Lucrecia Rovaletti

    Full Text Available La irrupción de la informática obliga a replantear el derecho a la intimidad, dada la organización de grandes bancos de datos de carácter personal. Debe añadirse además que la posibilidad del entrecruzamiento de la información contenida en los mismos puede facilitar el control y la manipulación de información sensible. Estas nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación (TIC, en continuo desarrollo, se han expandido también a los distintos dominios de salud, incidiendo en todos los actores, tanto usuarios como profesionales, poderes públicos y organismos de seguridad social. Dada la particular estigmatización que conlleva el complejo VIH/SIDA, es preciso exigir severas restricciones en el acceso a estos bancos, pero también normativas internacionales acordes, para que con la "sociedad de la información" no se agudice aún más la "sociedad de riesgo".A irrupção da informática obriga a reconsiderar o direito à intimidade, dada a organização de grandes bancos de dados de caráter pessoal. Deve-se acrescentar, ademais, que a possibilidade do entrecruzamento da informação contida nestes bancos pode facilitar o controle e a manipulação de informação sensível. Estas novas tecnologias de informação e comunicação (TIC, em contínuo desenvolvimento, têm se expandido também aos diferentes domínios da saúde, incidindo em todos os atores, seja de usuários e profissionais, poderes públicos e organismos de segurança social. Dada a particular estigmatização que implica o complexo HIV/AIDS, é preciso exigir severas restrições no acesso a estes bancos, ademais de normativas internacionais acordes, para que a "sociedade da informação" não agudize ainda mais a "sociedade de risco".Online bursting obliges to rethink the right to privacy, given the organization of huge databases of personal character. Furthermore, it must be added that the possibility of intercrossing information content may facilitate the control

  14. A cultura material no estudo das sociedades antigas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulpiano Toledo Bezerra Meneses

    1983-12-01

    Full Text Available (primeiro parágrafo do artigo Embora o título desta exposição privilegie o campo da História Antiga, o problema a que se refere permeia todos os domínios da História. Certamente, no caso da Antiguidade, ele é crucial, pela raridade e fragmentação das fontes escritas. Meu propósito aqui, porém, não é montar uma apologia da cultura material, mas lançar algumas pistas para refletir sobre o alcance de um tipo de documento, as coisas físicas, como campo de fenômenos históricos, sem o qual a compreensão de uma sociedade se vê comprometida. Esta reflexão é tanto mais necessária quanto se verifica, ainda, o descaso habitual dos historiadores a respeito.

  15. LA PARTICIPACION EN LA SOCIEDAD COMO BASE DEL DESARROLLO

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    María Cecilia Múnera López

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A explicação dela participação na sociedade como a base para o desenvolvimento é o resultado dum processo longo de pesquisa, que no âmbito da teoria fundamentada, tem chegado a aspetos essenciais de ordem conceitual e metodológica, que sustentam o desenvolvimento e a participação. Assim, este artigo apresenta o desenvolvimento desde uma perspectiva resignificada, entendida como uma construção sociocultural múltipla, histórica e territorialmente determinada. De acordo com tal renovação teórica, se apresenta uma forma tipológica de participação, chamada "participação sinérgica", como uma opção plausível para impactar positivamente o desenvolvimento.

  16. El capital social en las sociedades cooperativas. Las Normas sobre los aspectos contables de las sociedades cooperativas a la luz de los principios cooperativos

    OpenAIRE

    Pilar Gómez Aparicio

    2003-01-01

    Los principios cooperativos tienen un alto contenido económico y marcan particularidades en la estructura financiera y en la generación y reparto del excedente. La diferencia concreta en España entre sociedades cooperativas y de capitales procede de la diferente normativa y las distintas leyes que han influido en el régimen económico de estas sociedades. La aparición de las Normas sobre los aspectos contables de las sociedades cooperativas tienen incidencia directa sobre régimen económico ...

  17. A economia colonial do Grão-Pará: uma avaliação crítica (1720-1822 The colonial economy of Grão-Pará: a critical evaluation (1720-1822

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Assis Costa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Com base em exaustivo trabalho de reconstituição de séries que se estendem de 1720 a 1822, o artigo objetiva contribuir para a construção de perspectivas da economia colonial amazônica que enfatizem o contexto global - a capacidade demonstrada de se afirmar como subsistema do Império Colonial Português no contexto do mercado mundial. Ao discutir essa capacidade, avalia a evolução das condições fundamentais de escala e eficiência, entendendo-as como determinadas pelas condições locais de operação do projeto colonial. Tais condições, caracterizadas pelos fundamentos naturais únicos do bioma amazônico, são avaliadas na referência das mudanças institucionais que marcam, vigorosamente, no tempo, a trajetória da economia e sociedade regionais.Based on work of restoration of time series of some important economic variables that extend from 1720 to 1822, the paper aims to contribute to a vision of the Amazonian colonial economy that emphasizes the global context - it means a demonstrated ability to assert itself as sub-system of the Portuguese Colonial Empire in the context of world market. In discussing this capacity, the article evaluates the evolution of fundamental conditions of efficiency of the colony, considering them as determined by the peculiar features that assumed the local operation of the colonial project in Grão-Pará. These conditions, strongly characterized by the uniqueness of the natural foundations of the Amazonian biome, are evaluated in reference to the institutional changes that mark in time the trajectory of the regional economy and society.

  18. Historia Y Sociedad En La Genesis De Las Lenguas Criollas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Patino Rosselir

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available This article delineates the historical process and the social conditions which gave birth to the variety of languages known as "Creóles" in Linguistics. The first part of the study places Creóles in the new domain called 'Language Contad', due to the multiethnic origin of these dialects. The second part deals with the African languages which came to the New World, the Euro-African contact vernaculars which emerged during the centuries of the slave trade, and the Communications network which obtained in colonial Cartagena. The final part sketches the 'life cycle' of Creoles and refers to R. Chaudenson's 'sociohistorical' approach.

  19. 21 CFR 866.2170 - Automated colony counter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2170 Automated colony counter. (a) Identification. An automated colony counter is a mechanical device intended for medical...

  20. Colonial Taxation, Corruption and Resistance in Igbominaland ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Colonial Taxation, Corruption and Resistance in Igbominaland. ... AFRICAN JOURNALS ONLINE (AJOL) · Journals · Advanced Search · USING AJOL · RESOURCES ... While taxation definitely stimulated economic activities in Igbominaland at ...

  1. Post-colonial identity in Greenland?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2009-01-01

    could be furthered by bringing politics back in. Based on a discourse analysis of the Greenlandic debate on language, this paper makes three claims: First, the identity projects promoted in Greenland are based on an essentialist conception of identity. Secondly, Greenlandic identity discourse combines......In the gradual unravelling of Greenland’s colonial relationship to Denmark, an essentialist conceptualization of Greenlandic identity has played a significant role. However, both our scholarly understanding of post-colonial Greenlandic identity and the process towards independence for Greenland...... elements of traditional Inuit culture and elements of colonial modernity. Thirdly, monolingual Greenlanders are those with the most to gain from abandoning the dichotomy of essentialist identities. Strategically, the paper suggests a post-post-colonial Greenlandic identity as a means of avoiding...

  2. TÉCNICA, AMBIENTE Y SOCIEDAD DEL RIESGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GÓMEZ G LUIS JAIR

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available En la Modernidad, el hombre pasa de sentirse sojuzgado por la naturaleza a sentirse dominador de ella, para lo cual se erige el «racionalismo», consustancial al desarrollo de la ciencia y la técnica modernas, como la expresión más destacada del «progreso»; pero además, unida a esta característica del hombre moderno, surge el «individuo» que reclama la libertad individual y establece la competencia entre individuos. En el entorno social de esa época, se configura el Estado- Nación y con él, la Economía Política y la propiedad privada, que toman la forma de Capitalismo, cuyo objetivo central es la acumulación individual. Esta nueva forma de ordenamiento social favorece el crecimiento poblacional - en el año 1500, hay 500 millones de habitantes; en el 2000,6000 millones -; el desarrollo industrial que implica demandas crecientes de energía fósil principalmente; un intenso comercio que estimula el intercambio entre regiones y, en consecuencia, el transporte a distancia que requiere también altos consumos energéticos. La industria y el comercio hacen surgir la ciudad moderna con todas sus exigencias: una explotación intensiva de recursos naturales que conduce a una recarga de tos ciclos naturales y una desmesurada recarga de los sumideros para descargar Ice deseches sólidos, líquidos y gaseosos, lo que provoca un preocupante deterioro ecológico que condujo a una «crisis civilizatoria» que se configura en la llamada «sociedad del riesgo». Este impresionante deterioro reclama un replanteamiento de la forma analítica de la ciencia para adoptar una visión sistémica que coloque en el centro a la complejidad de la naturaleza como manera de pensar la manera de compensar el malogrado equilibrio operativo de la biosfera y de la relación sociedad/naturaleza. Se hace también necesario incorporar a los grupos sociales afectados a construir con los técnicos las soluciones más viables, es lo que hemos denominado la t

  3. LAS DIMENSIONES DEL OCIO EN LAS SOCIEDADES RURALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rebollo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

     

    RESUMEN

    El presente artículo es un análisis sobre el Ocio en la sociedad rural. El medio rural se ha estudiado desde el punto de vista económico, político y social y sin duda ha despertado un gran interés. Numerosos son los problemas que arrastran estas sociedades a lo largo de la historia. Problemas que han dado lugar a una situación de subdesarrollo y marginalidad. Hoy día indicadores de desarrollo y calidad de vida de una población pueden ser las actividades de ocio realizadas. El nivel de práctica deportiva y el empleo del tiempo libre como actividades de ocio son fenómenos que despiertan gran interés desde el mundo académico. En esta investigación se evalúa estos parámetros y se da información sobre las necesidades de sus habitantes en materia de tiempo libre, actividades de ocio y de forma concreta actividades deportivas.
    PALABRAS CLAVE: Ocio, Tiempo libre, Deporte, Rural.

     

    ABSTRACT

    The present article is an analysis of leisure in rural society. Rural areas have been studied from economic, political and social points of view and without a doubt there is heightened interest in these areas. Numerous problems have plagued these societies throughout history, and consequently led to underdevelopment and marginality. Nowadays leisure activities indicate development and quality of life in given populations. The level of sport practice and the use of the free time to do leisure activities are phenomena that interest the academic world. This investigation evaluated these parameters and information on the necessities of its inhabitants in the matter of free time, leisure activities and specifically sport activities.
    KEY WORDS: Leisure, free Time, Sport, Rural.

  4. Violencia, Sociedad y Salud. Foro del 11 de Mayo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Introducción

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina, consciente de su alta responsabilidad social y del deber moral que tiene, como máximo organismo asesor del Gobierno en lo relacionado con la salud, consideró necesario e inaplazable promover un estudio a fondo sobre el problema de la violencia en Colombia, ante el notable recrudecimiento de este preocupante flagelo, que la coloca entre los países más violentos del mundo, y frente a las circunstancias manifiestas de progresiva agresividad que afecta a la familia, al individuo, al funcionario público, a la autoridad, y que ha convertido al delincuente común, al guerrillero y al narcotraficante en crueles destructores de la tranquilidad ciudadana.

    Las graves implicaciones de la violencia sobre la salud del individuo y de la comunidad, no sólo desde el punto de vista psicológico y físico, sino de las consecuencias notables sobre los pre-supuestos del sector y sobre el desarrollo y la economía nacionales, además de la mala imagen internacional, exigen una acción frontal contra este flagelo, de todos los estamentos gubernamentales y privados y los esfuerzos decisivos de la universidad, de las organizaciones gremiales y científicas, en una palabra de todos los conglomerados representativos, entre los cuales la Academia juega papel de liderazgo.

    Organismos Internacionales, liderados por la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, convocaron a fines del año pasado a representantes de los países Americanos para tratar el tema de la violencia y sus implicaciones sobre la sociedad, en particular sobre la salud. En la importante Conferencia Interamericana celebrada en Washington, revisaron a profundidad aspectos como el de la violencia como problema de salud pública, la democracia sin violencia, la cultura de paz para el siglo XXI, la economía política de la no violencia, la construcción de las relaciones sociales no violentas.

    La trascendental reuni

  5. Competencias docentes para enfrentar la sociedad del conocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yajaira del Carmen Oviedo G.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Los avances científicos y la nueva economía global gestan la necesidad de adquirir nuevas competencias, en particular personales y profesionales, en los futuros ciudadanos y ciudadanas. Ante ello, es urgente la formación de actitudes, conocimientos y habilidades en el docente para afrontar exigencias y requerimientos de una sociedad del conocimiento que otorga un valor distinto a la información más allá de la mera transmisión. Esta reflexión de naturaleza documental hace un aporte a las instituciones formadoras del docente en este siglo XXI, ante el apremio de hacer frente a nuevos retos; asimismo, es viable como una alternativa al requisito de diseñar un perfil complejo que parta de la construcción, manejo y difusión de saberes y haceres vinculados al uso de las TIC. Desde este ámbito, el propósito es generar una visión holística de las perspectivas que constituyen la formación de este profesional (constructiva, reflexiva y humana para dar respuesta a los requerimientos de una sociedad que se transforma en todos los órdenes y, por ende, demanda nuevas formas de pensamiento para manejar el cúmulo de información a la cual está expuesta; implica el manejo y posicionamiento de estrategias y herramientas para mediar entre la tecnología y el estudiante. Estos aportes brindarán espacios para generar aproximaciones a un perfil del docente venezolano desde una dimensión ética, participativa, comprometida y consustanciada con su quehacer pedagógico mediado por las TIC. Se requiere una formación en las dimensiones del ser y el convivir, en las cuales la formación de principios como autonomía, libertad, respeto, responsabilidad, tolerancia, equidad, compromiso y solidaridad con sus pares, sean considerados rasgos fundamentales. Dejar de lado al profesional de la docencia desde concepciones mecanicistas, para entenderlo a partir de una visión integradora.

  6. Post-Colonial Theory and Action Research

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    Jim Parsons

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores connections between post-colonial theory and action research. Post-colonial theory is committed to addressing the plague of colonialism. Action research, at its core, promises to problematize uncontested ‘colonial’ hegemonies of any form. Both post-colonial theory and action research engage dialogic, critically reflective and collaborative values to offer a fuller range of human wisdom. The authors contend that post-colonialism theory calls for justice and seeks to speak to social and psychological suffering, exploitation, violence and enslavement done to the powerless victims of colonization around the world by challenging the superiority of dominant perspectives and seeking to re-position and empower the marginalized and subordinated. In similar ways, action research works to eradicate oppression, powerlessness and worthlessness by affirming solidarity with the oppressed, helping humans move from passive to active and by fundamentally reshaping power. Because both post-colonial theory and action research position the insider or oppressed in an ethic of efficacy, it values community, relationships, communication and equality, and is committed to reciprocity, reflexivity and reflection. Thus, both hold the potential to help reconstruct conditions for a more democratic and just society

  7. Post-Colonial Theory and Action Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim B. Parsons

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores connections between post-colonial theory and action research. Post-colonial theory is committed to addressing the plague of colonialism. Action research, at its core, promises to problematize uncontested ‘colonial’ hegemonies of any form. Both post-colonial theory and action research engage dialogic, critically reflective and collaborative values to offer a fuller range of human wisdom. The authors contend that post-colonialism theory calls for justice and seeks to speak to social and psychological suffering, exploitation, violence and enslavement done to the powerless victims of colonization around the world by challenging the superiority of dominant perspectives and seeking to re-position and empower the marginalized and subordinated. In similar ways, action research works to eradicate oppression, powerlessness and worthlessness by affirming solidarity with the oppressed, helping humans move from passive to active and by fundamentally reshaping power. Because both post-colonial theory and action research position the insider or oppressed in an ethic of efficacy, it values community, relationships, communication and equality, and is committed to reciprocity, reflexivity and reflection. Thus, both hold the potential to help reconstruct conditions for a more democratic and just society.

  8. Democracia y sociedad de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Echeverría Ezponda, Javier

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Not Available

    Las nuevas tecnologías de la información y las telecomunicaciones (NTIT están suscitando profundos cambios en las sociedades avanzadas y plantean dilemas estratégicos a los países en vías de desarrollo. La rápida difusión de la red Internet es uno de los fenómenos más destacados de la década final del siglo XX, pero la transformación proviene de otras muchas tecnologías: informática, bases de datos, teléfonos móviles, satélites de telecomunicaciones, televisión digital, realidad virtual, tecnologías multimedia, etc. En conjunto, las redes telemáticas están modificando profundamente la guerra, las finanzas, la organización y actividades empresariales, el trabajo, el comercio, la administración, la enseñanza, la medicina, el ocio, el arte y la cultura. Por ello cabe afirmar que las NTIT están posibilitando un profundo cambio, que afecta a casi todas las actividades sociales, incluida la vida cotidiana. En esta conferencia me ocuparé de su influencia sobre la política y la democracia.

  9. Sociedad y posibilidades tecnológicas emergentes

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    Chaparro Mendivelso Jeffer

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación ”NTIC” están generando cambios trascendentales en la sociedad y el territorio. Se están imbricando diferencialmente en todas las actividades de la vida humana, mediando desde los flujos económicos globales hasta las relaciones personales individuales. Paralelamente se están propiciando profundas alteraciones en términos de la concepción del mundo y del lugar, de lo material y lo inmaterial, de lo real y lo virtual, de lo utópico y lo imaginario, de lo orgánico y lo artificial. Emergen nociones y conceptos diversos perocomplementarios que van desde la idea de ciberespacio hasta la de Internet como un "actante" con propiedades emergentes inquietantes, pasando por la inteligencia colectiva en red y los cyborg como nuevo estadio del devenir humano. Las implicaciones derivadas de las NTIC se perfilan como una línea interesante "y poco exploradas" de trabajo e investigación en geografía ya que, evidentemente, losprocesos y las dinámicas socioterritoriales cada vez se median más por lo digital.

  10. La funcionalidad de los medios rurales en las sociedades urbanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Moltó Mantero

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Los medios rurales en los países desarrollados han experimentado notables cambios en las funciones que desempeñan desde mediados de la década de los cincuenta del siglo veinte. Frente a unos ámbitos donde dominaban las actividades y modos de vida rurales, en las últimas décadas se observa la progresiva aparición de nuevos usos y actividades vinculados a su terciarización. La homogeneización de las pautas de comportamiento y de los modos de vida hace difícil disociar la sociedad urbana de la rural. Este artículo reflexiona sobre los diferentes procesos (éxodo rural, políticas de desarrollo rural, medios de comunicación, etc. que han intervenido en estas transformaciones y han favorecido los procesos de homogeneización de los medios rurales, sin embargo, es necesario insistir que uno de los rasgos de numerosos medios rurales es su diversidad. Esta heterogeneidad condiciona, no solo su evolución, sino también su grado de adaptación a las nuevas funciones que se les asignan. Este artículo pretende realizar una reflexión acerca de las posibles disfuncionalidades que la aplicación de políticas homogéneas está generando en ámbitos contrastados.

  11. Maltrato al anciano: "una realidad oculta en nuestra sociedad"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez H. Shirley Catherine

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available

    El maltrato al anciano es un hecho cotidiano, no reconocido socialmente como tal, por el contrario, el maltrato es considerado un cuento normal al que se ve expuesto un gran número de personas; que afecta el sistema familiar y a cada uno de sus miembros. Conscientes de la importancia del reconocimiento, identificación, manejo oportuno y adecuado y la intervención que enfermería realice en la situación del maltrato al anciano, se podrá forjar un camino hacia el cambio. La concepción de envejecimiento que tiene la sociedad favorece el maltrato al anciano, situación tan común como el maltrato de esposas y niños. Sumado a ello, los casos de maltrato al anciano son poco reconocidos y denunciados; las situaciones que evidencian el maltrato son negadas o justificadas por la familia, lo cual dificulta el reconocimiento de este hecho.


  12. Obesidade em adultos de segmentos pauperizados da sociedade

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    Marinho Sheila Pita

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O aumento da incidência de obesidade em segmentos pauperizados da sociedade levanta a questão sobre sua etiologia. Este trabalho pretende caracterizar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade nestas populações. Participaram da pesquisa 390 famílias, incluindo 782 indivíduos com idades iguais ou maiores de 19 anos, dos quais 360 (46,0% eram homens e 422 (54,0% mulheres. As prevalências de obesidade entre os homens das zonas urbana e rural foram de 5,6% e 5,8%, respectivamente. Em relação ao sobrepeso, esta incidência foi de cerca de 25% em ambas as regiões, evidenciando-se aumento com a idade. As prevalências de obesidade entre homens e mulheres foram, respectivamente, de 5,6% e 21,6% (p<0,05. Entre as mulheres a ocorrência de obesidade aumentou discretamente com a idade, com prevalências padronizadas de 19,8% na zona urbana e 23,4% na rural. Considerando tratar-se de uma população pauperizada, o excesso de peso, que atinge principalmente as mulheres, tem etiologia complexa e precisa ser melhor estudado.

  13. Desarrollo de Competencias Investigadoras en la Sociedad Red

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Mena

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La labor de investigación científica y tecnológica en el siglo XXI requiere del desarrollo de competencias multidisciplinares que van más allá de los conocimientos disciplinares específicos o de las bases metodológicas. El investigador en la sociedad del conocimiento necesita utilizar eficazmente herramientas que le permitan relacionarse con colegas en el mismo campo del conocimiento, recurrir a bases bibliográficas y journals específicos, acceder a bases de datos investigaciones y journals relevantes y actualizados, y en la muchos casos trabajar en conjunto con colegas que pueden estar a miles de kilómetros de distancia. El presente trabajo presenta el Programa de Formación Virtual de Investigadores de la Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, en Argentina, como modelo de desarrollo de esas competencias a través de una red de campus virtuales que incluye 32 nodos y una red de servicios que estimulan la generación proyectos inclusivosde innovación productiva.

  14. Colony formation in the cyanobacterium Microcystis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Man; Li, Ming; Reynolds, Colin S

    2018-02-22

    Morphological evolution from a unicellular to multicellular state provides greater opportunities for organisms to attain larger and more complex living forms. As the most common freshwater cyanobacterial genus, Microcystis is a unicellular microorganism, with high phenotypic plasticity, which forms colonies and blooms in lakes and reservoirs worldwide. We conducted a systematic review of field studies from the 1990s to 2017 where Microcystis was dominant. Microcystis was detected as the dominant genus in waterbodies from temperate to subtropical and tropical zones. Unicellular Microcystis spp. can be induced to form colonies by adjusting biotic and abiotic factors in laboratory. Colony formation by cell division has been induced by zooplankton filtrate, high Pb 2+ concentration, the presence of another cyanobacterium (Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii), heterotrophic bacteria, and by low temperature and light intensity. Colony formation by cell adhesion can be induced by zooplankton grazing, high Ca 2+ concentration, and microcystins. We hypothesise that single cells of all Microcystis morphospecies initially form colonies with a similar morphology to those found in the early spring. These colonies gradually change their morphology to that of M. ichthyoblabe, M. wesenbergii and M. aeruginosa with changing environmental conditions. Colony formation provides Microcystis with many ecological advantages, including adaption to varying light, sustained growth under poor nutrient supply, protection from chemical stressors and protection from grazing. These benefits represent passive tactics responding to environmental stress. Microcystis colonies form at the cost of decreased specific growth rates compared with a unicellular habit. Large colony size allows Microcystis to attain rapid floating velocities (maximum recorded for a single colony, ∼ 10.08 m h -1 ) that enable them to develop and maintain a large biomass near the surface of eutrophic lakes, where they may shade

  15. Colonialism, customary law and the post-colonial state in Africa: the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Colonialism became a fact of life in many African countries. An effect of colonialism especially in the former British colonized countries was the transplantation of the British legal system, which led to recognition of both systems and the gradual relegation of the indigenous system otherwise called customary law. The use and ...

  16. Colonial Legal Reasoning in the Post-Colonial African State: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Colonial Legal Reasoning in the Post-Colonial African State: A Critique and a Defense of the Argument from African Metaphysical Epistemology. ... Africa, as it has the advantageous result of helping in the search for truth concerning such offences, thereby promoting the delivery of effective legal justice, and thus contributing ...

  17. Review Essay A history of colonialism through post-colonial lenses ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Review Essay A history of colonialism through post-colonial lenses: reading Mahmood Mamdani's citizen and subject. Sanya Osha. Abstract. No Abstract. The Nigerian Journal of Economic History Vol. 2, 1999: 155-161. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT.

  18. La sociedad de la información como una sociedad en transición: Caracterización, tendencias y paradojas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Migdalia Pineda

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los principales rasgos que caracterizan a la sociedad de la información como una sociedad en transición y se asoman algunas de sus tendencias futuras. Los planteamientos realizados forman parte de una investigación cualitativa que se sustenta en un análisis crítico de lo señalado por diversos autores sobre la sociedad de la información y el conjunto de cambios que las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación producen en diversos órdenes de la vida social (cultural, económico, laboral, comunicacional y de conocimiento, insistiendo en sus posibilidades y contradicciones. Se considera la premisa que, en ese conjunto de cambios, el ser humano es quien adquiere jerarquía por encima de la tecnología y que la sociedad de la información debe ser vista como una oportunidad para rescatar las diferencias, la diversidad y para avanzar hacia una sociedad que, ayudada por las TIC, potencie el conocimiento y el ingenio humano para resolver problemas del entorno.

  19. La economía en una sociedad violenta

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    Mauricio Rubio

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo indaga porte contribución de la economía, como disciplina que aporta al conocimiento de una realidad social, en la comprensión de la relación entre el crimen, la violencia y el desarrollo en Colombia. Para ello y luego de reconocer que la violencia constituye el problema económico más grave que afronta el país, se examinan críticamente los conocimientos existentes sobre la violencia y su impacto en la sociedad colombiana. A continuación se analizan los vacíos en el diagnóstico de este fenómeno y se muestran las limitaciones de la disciplina económica en la comprensión del crimen y la violencia. Finalmente, el artículo discute acerca del papel que puede jugar la, economía en el diseño y evaluación de las políticas contra la violencia, para concluir; acerca de las redefiniciones necesarias en la medición de las variables de la violencia y en el acopio de información para un mejor diseño y aplicación; de políticas, recurriendo incluso a metodologías extrañas a la disciplina como los testimonios, los estudios de caso y las historias de vida, sin rechazar el papel de la teoría y la estadística.

  20. Colaboración educativa en la sociedad del conocimiento

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    Ángela Martín Gutiérrez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El mundo globalizado en el estamos inmersos plantea retos y exigencias a los centros educativos. La participación y la colaboración surgen como desafíos cada vez más acuciantes en la sociedad actual, y el futuro de la educación pública está orientado a la implicación de los centros educativos en sus comunidades socioculturales. En la Ley Orgánica de Educación (LOE, 2006 se habla de la participación como principio constitucional y la necesidad de colaborar y trabajar en equipo de manera interna y externa al centro. Ante estos supuestos teóricos, planteamos la necesidad de conocer las relaciones de colaboración que los centros educativos de secundaria mantienen con el entorno y si para ello cuentan con el apoyo de las tecnologías. Entre los resultados y conclusiones de este estudio, podemos destacar que las relaciones más habituales son las efectuadas con otros centros educativos y con las instituciones locales. Para establecerlas, más de la mitad de los docentes andaluces de secundaria no cuentan con las tecnologías, aunque más de 60% estarían interesados en encontrarse inmersos en redes educativas, profesionales y sociales. Los resultados reflejan que debemos potenciar las redes y comunidades virtuales como puentes para crear relaciones de colaboración, estables y fuertes, que promuevan mejoras y cambios significativos en los centros educativos.

  1. Synthetic quorum sensing in model microcapsule colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shum, Henry; Balazs, Anna C.

    2017-08-01

    Biological quorum sensing refers to the ability of cells to gauge their population density and collectively initiate a new behavior once a critical density is reached. Designing synthetic materials systems that exhibit quorum sensing-like behavior could enable the fabrication of devices with both self-recognition and self-regulating functionality. Herein, we develop models for a colony of synthetic microcapsules that communicate by producing and releasing signaling molecules. Production of the chemicals is regulated by a biomimetic negative feedback loop, the “repressilator” network. Through theory and simulation, we show that the chemical behavior of such capsules is sensitive to both the density and number of capsules in the colony. For example, decreasing the spacing between a fixed number of capsules can trigger a transition in chemical activity from the steady, repressed state to large-amplitude oscillations in chemical production. Alternatively, for a fixed density, an increase in the number of capsules in the colony can also promote a transition into the oscillatory state. This configuration-dependent behavior of the capsule colony exemplifies quorum-sensing behavior. Using our theoretical model, we predict the transitions from the steady state to oscillatory behavior as a function of the colony size and capsule density.

  2. Colony collapse disorder: a descriptive study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Vanengelsdorp

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L. colonies in the United States. In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better characterize CCD and compare risk factor exposure between populations afflicted by and not afflicted by CCD. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Of 61 quantified variables (including adult bee physiology, pathogen loads, and pesticide levels, no single measure emerged as a most-likely cause of CCD. Bees in CCD colonies had higher pathogen loads and were co-infected with a greater number of pathogens than control populations, suggesting either an increased exposure to pathogens or a reduced resistance of bees toward pathogens. Levels of the synthetic acaricide coumaphos (used by beekeepers to control the parasitic mite Varroa destructor were higher in control colonies than CCD-affected colonies. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first comprehensive survey of CCD-affected bee populations that suggests CCD involves an interaction between pathogens and other stress factors. We present evidence that this condition is contagious or the result of exposure to a common risk factor. Potentially important areas for future hypothesis-driven research, including the possible legacy effect of mite parasitism and the role of honey bee resistance to pesticides, are highlighted.

  3. Papers of the Fifth Annual Congress of the Sociedad Mexicana de Seguridad Radiologica, A.C., 2. Regional Congress on Radiological and Nuclear Safety. Vol. 2 (pt.2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-11-01

    The fulfillment of the Fifth Annual Congress of the Sociedad Mexicana de Seguridad Radiologica, A.C., this time inside the frame of the Second Regional Congress of Radiological and Nuclear Safety, is no doubt an event that approach us to make of this forum the most important for the exchange of ideas and the approaching among the members of our nuclear community. This time, the beautiful colonial city of Zacatecas, welcome us for this event, gathering fifty works in the areas of fuel cycle, power reactor operation, reactor physics, research reactors, transient analysis and instrumentation and experimental techniques. This significant number of works reaffirm the great interest of the nuclear community in to take part, presenting its most recent developments. The reporting belongs to seven of the main institutions of the country who dedicate, or are related with the technological development of the nuclear area and its different branches. With regard to participants of foreign countries, papers representing to Argentina, Brazil, Chile, United States of North America and Peru are included. The efforts of all the members of the Sociedad Mexicana de Seguridad Radiologica, A.C. has been addressed to do of the event a mean to make easy the exchange of ideas and to get acquainted with the work of other colleagues, in an ambient of warmth and surmounting. (Author)

  4. Is colonialism history? The declining impact of colonial legacies on African institutional and economic development : The declining impact of colonial legacies on African institutional and economic development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maseland, Robbert

    2018-01-01

    This paper investigates the claim that colonial history has left an enduring imprint on Africa's institutional and economic development. The literature following Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (2001) and Sokoloff and Engerman (2000) maintains that different types of colonialism affected the

  5. El modelo de gobierno corporativo de una sociedad depende de su estructura legal -Diferencias entre sociedades anónimas y/o limitadas-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Prada

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente documento tiene como finalidad comprobar que a pesar de existir unos temas comunes a analizar en el gobierno corporativo de cualquier compañía, el mismo dependerá de su estructura legal societaria, entendiendo por esta las diferentes clases de sociedades que existen en Colombia. De acuerdo con los resultados financieros obtenidos y la identificación de las dos sociedades predominantes en la mayoría de los niveles financieros a los que hace referencia el documento, se hacen unas recomendaciones sobre los principios y medidas que pueden ser tomados como referencia al momento de crear un modelo de gobierno corporativo acorde con la realidad y necesidades de las sociedades anónimas y las limitadas.

  6. Comunicação e culturas regionais e a sociedade digital no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Fagundes Haussen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A globalização da economia e a evolução tecnológica têm provocado significativas alterações na sociedade. As fronteiras geográficas são atravessadas por referentes virtuais que incidem diretamente sobre acomunicação e a cultura. Este artigo propõe-se, assim, a analisar o fenômeno, procurando identificar a sua influência sobre a sociedade brasileira, sua cultura e identidade. Estuda, também, a inserção do País na sociedade digital.

  7. El ahorro fiscal de las cooperativas en el impuesto sobre Sociedades en España

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Blasco, Aurelio

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El objeto de este artículo es medir el ahorro fiscal que procede del Impuesto sobre Sociedades de las cooperativas en España para el período 1999-2009. La metodología utilizada ha sido un estudio longitudinal en el cual se ha analizado la recaudación total en España por tipos impositivos. Se ha analizado el Impuesto sobre Sociedades en general y posteriormente el Tipo Impositivo Efectivo (TIE) de las Sociedades Cooperativas. Los resultados más importantes son la constatación de diferenc...

  8. Abyssal fiction: common shares, colonial cleavages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Montaury

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to develop a reflection on the interaction between the legacies of colonialism and traditional symbolic and cultural practices in African Portuguese-speaking spaces. From a preliminary analysis of fictional texts of wide circulation in Brazil, aims to examine the cleavages, or “abyssal lines” that constitute experiences printed in the daily life of the former Portuguese colony of Cape Verde, Mozambique and Angola.---DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21881/abriluff.2016n17a378

  9. Early Developmental Program Shapes Colony Morphology in Bacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gideon Mamou

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available When grown on a solid surface, bacteria form highly organized colonies, yet little is known about the earliest stages of colony establishment. Following Bacillus subtilis colony development from a single progenitor cell, a sequence of highly ordered spatiotemporal events was revealed. Colony was initiated by the formation of leading-cell chains, deriving from the colony center and extending in multiple directions, typically in a “Y-shaped” structure. By eradicating particular cells during these early stages, we could influence the shape of the resulting colony and demonstrate that Y-arm extension defines colony size. A mutant in ymdB encoding a phosphodiesterase displayed unordered developmental patterns, indicating a role in guiding these initial events. Finally, we provide evidence that intercellular nanotubes contribute to proper colony formation. In summary, we reveal a “construction plan” for building a colony and provide the initial molecular basis for this process.

  10. Behavioral Modulation of Infestation by Varroa destructor in Bee Colonies. Implications for Colony Stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Figueiró Santos, Joyce; Coelho, Flávio Codeço; Bliman, Pierre-Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) has become a global problem for beekeepers and for the crops that depend on bee pollination. While many factors are known to increase the risk of colony collapse, the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor is considered to be the most serious one. Although this mite is unlikely to cause the collapse of hives itself, it is the vector for many viral diseases which are among the likely causes for Colony Collapse Disorder. The effects of V. destructor infestation differ from one part of the world to another, with greater morbidity and higher colony losses in European honey bees (EHB) in Europe, Asia and North America. Although this mite has been present in Brazil for many years, there have been no reports of colony losses amongst Africanized Honey Bees (AHB). Studies carried out in Mexico have highlighted different behavioral responses by the AHB to the presence of the mite, notably as far as grooming and hygienic behavior are concerned. Could these explain why the AHB are less susceptible to Colony Collapse Disorder? In order to answer this question, we have developed a mathematical model of the infestation dynamics to analyze the role of resistance behavior by bees in the overall health of the colony, and as a consequence, its ability to face epidemiological challenges.

  11. Behavioral Modulation of Infestation by Varroa destructor in Bee Colonies. Implications for Colony Stability.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joyce de Figueiró Santos

    Full Text Available Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD has become a global problem for beekeepers and for the crops that depend on bee pollination. While many factors are known to increase the risk of colony collapse, the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor is considered to be the most serious one. Although this mite is unlikely to cause the collapse of hives itself, it is the vector for many viral diseases which are among the likely causes for Colony Collapse Disorder. The effects of V. destructor infestation differ from one part of the world to another, with greater morbidity and higher colony losses in European honey bees (EHB in Europe, Asia and North America. Although this mite has been present in Brazil for many years, there have been no reports of colony losses amongst Africanized Honey Bees (AHB. Studies carried out in Mexico have highlighted different behavioral responses by the AHB to the presence of the mite, notably as far as grooming and hygienic behavior are concerned. Could these explain why the AHB are less susceptible to Colony Collapse Disorder? In order to answer this question, we have developed a mathematical model of the infestation dynamics to analyze the role of resistance behavior by bees in the overall health of the colony, and as a consequence, its ability to face epidemiological challenges.

  12. Sociedade cabocla: participação e diversidade na Amazônia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Caribé Grando

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ADAMS, Cristina; MURRIETA, Rui; NEVES, Walter (Eds.. Sociedades caboclas amazônicas: modernidade e invisibilidade. São Paulo: Annablume, 2006. 364 p.; 16 X 23 cm. ISBN 85-7419-644-4.

  13. Sociedade justa: palco para o progresso moral do homem em Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso de Moraes Pinheiro

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A tarefa fundamental deste texto é explorar a relação entre a finalidade moral e a finalidade política nos textos de Kant. Buscaremos mostrar que a fundação de uma sociedade justa aproxima- se da efetivação possível de um reino dos fins na terra, desde que a finalidade política da sociedade encontre-se de acordo com a finalidade moral de cada indivíduo membro da sociedade. O pleno desenvolvimento moral, requerido por Kant, apenas poderá ser atingido em uma sociedade politicamente justa, com leis orientadas pela idéia de moralidade.

  14. El desafío cultural en las sociedades del conocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Rodríguez Martínez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios producidos por la revolución tecnológica y la globalización tienen una influencia decisiva en la formación de las nuevas sociedades del conocimiento, con un desafío cultural importante para la sociedad y las instituciones educativas. Para la educación implica desarrollar dos horizontes pedagógicos: una pedagogía de la consciencia y una pedagogía comunitaria.

  15. Project Final Report: HPC-Colony II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, Terry R [ORNL; Kale, Laxmikant V [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Moreira, Jose [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center

    2013-11-01

    This report recounts the HPC Colony II Project which was a computer science effort funded by DOE's Advanced Scientific Computing Research office. The project included researchers from ORNL, IBM, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The topic of the effort was adaptive system software for extreme scale parallel machines. A description of findings is included.

  16. English Literatures in Post-Colonial Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dass, Rozita

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of a vibrant literary, culture and arts scene promotes Singapore's claims as a hub for arts and culture in the Asian region, and as a global arts city by the 21st century. The richness and variety of Singapore literature from the early post-colonial years are evident in the evolution of a Singapore literary culture. The diaspora of…

  17. Latin America: Essays Interpretating Colonial Legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Pia López

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A large part of the Latin–American literature of the 19th and 20th century tried to deal with the national question intertwining different dimensions: the weight of colonial legacy, the cultural peculiarity of the nation and the inner relations between social classes and ethnic groups. Thinking the nation implied, in any case, to think the difference and the conflict with others, as well as the inner conflict and the logic of local colonialism. Analyzing some of these essays that played a central role in such process of recasting the origin of the nation, the author moves around three main axes: the formulation of dualist writings (colonial/national; white /indigenous; civilization/wilderness, the issue of language (the language inherited from the colonial experience versus the multilingual nature of indigenous Latin American societies, and the hypothesis about the birth of the nation – appointed to different groups – and its normal functioning as legitimization of the order sprung from independences.

  18. Teaching the History of Colonial Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Leon G.

    1981-01-01

    Presents a bibliographic review essay on the topic of colonial Peru organized according to the following topics: Pre-Columbian Peru, 5500 B.C.- 1532; the conquest of Peru, 1532-1572; Peru under the Hapsburgs, 1516-1700; Bourbon Peru, 1700-1808; and the coming of independence, 1808-1821. The essay is based on a bibliography composed largely of…

  19. PRE-COLONIAL TRANSPORT SYSTEMS: A VERITABLE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FBL

    ideas between places and over-time and mediate relationship and interactions between individuals and ... International Journal of Development and Management Review (INJODEMAR) Vol. 9, No 1 ..... Colonial Times, “Ahiajoku Lecture Series, Owerri: Ministry of Information, Youth and Sports Government Press. Afigbo A.E ...

  20. Policing native pleasures: a colonial history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbar, Naheem

    2012-12-01

    The moral modality of colonial power is still with us when it comes to the recreation of sexual norms of traditional or feudal society. We can examine the emergent properties of colonial knowledge anew by exploring how the colonial regime's strategic attention of regulating brothels in India differed from the analytic of power Foucault described for sexuality in European society. It turns out that amongst other things, public anxieties about the failure of adaptation by South Asians are incapable of leaving sexuality aside as a key interpretive device for their culture. The British preoccupation with reproducing the dynamics of the bourgeois matrimonial market on foreign soil in the mid-nineteenth century similarly necessitated a sociological pretext for racial purity. However, the kind of knowledge a typical traveller and employee of the East India Company brought to the Victorian public from his own researches in the brothels and streets of colonial India, which revealed how popular prostitution was as a vice amongst the officer class, was also more than a welcome imaginary relief from Christian morality; it was an alternative vision of modernity. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2012.

  1. Hyphal growth and colony expansion (Forum Commentary)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruggen, van A.H.C.; Termorshuizen, A.J.; Semenov, A.M.

    2000-01-01

    Bailey et al. have used a quite simple but elegant experimental method and developed innovative concepts about phase transitions in colony behavior based on non-linearity of invasion probability with distance between substrate particles. This proves again the old adage that significant scientific

  2. 128 COLONIALISM: NEXUS FOR MYRIAD RELIGIOUS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In recent times, the version of Christians we have, who also practice ATR is ... Colonialism is not a new concept in the history of Africa. .... of their kits and kin still living. ..... believe that God could be reached through different media. ..... Hornby, A.S., (2006), Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, New York,.

  3. Buckling instability in ordered bacterial colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Denis; Mather, William; Mondragón-Palomino, Octavio; Orozco-Fuentes, Sirio; Danino, Tal; Hasty, Jeff; Tsimring, Lev S.

    2011-04-01

    Bacterial colonies often exhibit complex spatio-temporal organization. This collective behavior is affected by a multitude of factors ranging from the properties of individual cells (shape, motility, membrane structure) to chemotaxis and other means of cell-cell communication. One of the important but often overlooked mechanisms of spatio-temporal organization is direct mechanical contact among cells in dense colonies such as biofilms. While in natural habitats all these different mechanisms and factors act in concert, one can use laboratory cell cultures to study certain mechanisms in isolation. Recent work demonstrated that growth and ensuing expansion flow of rod-like bacteria Escherichia coli in confined environments leads to orientation of cells along the flow direction and thus to ordering of cells. However, the cell orientational ordering remained imperfect. In this paper we study one mechanism responsible for the persistence of disorder in growing cell populations. We demonstrate experimentally that a growing colony of nematically ordered cells is prone to the buckling instability. Our theoretical analysis and discrete-element simulations suggest that the nature of this instability is related to the anisotropy of the stress tensor in the ordered cell colony.

  4. Buckling instability in ordered bacterial colonies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyer, Denis; Mather, William; Mondragón-Palomino, Octavio; Danino, Tal; Hasty, Jeff; Orozco-Fuentes, Sirio; Tsimring, Lev S

    2011-01-01

    Bacterial colonies often exhibit complex spatio-temporal organization. This collective behavior is affected by a multitude of factors ranging from the properties of individual cells (shape, motility, membrane structure) to chemotaxis and other means of cell–cell communication. One of the important but often overlooked mechanisms of spatio-temporal organization is direct mechanical contact among cells in dense colonies such as biofilms. While in natural habitats all these different mechanisms and factors act in concert, one can use laboratory cell cultures to study certain mechanisms in isolation. Recent work demonstrated that growth and ensuing expansion flow of rod-like bacteria Escherichia coli in confined environments leads to orientation of cells along the flow direction and thus to ordering of cells. However, the cell orientational ordering remained imperfect. In this paper we study one mechanism responsible for the persistence of disorder in growing cell populations. We demonstrate experimentally that a growing colony of nematically ordered cells is prone to the buckling instability. Our theoretical analysis and discrete-element simulations suggest that the nature of this instability is related to the anisotropy of the stress tensor in the ordered cell colony

  5. A catalog of Louisiana's nesting seabird colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontenot, William R.; Cardiff, Steve W.; DeMay, Richard A.; Dittmann, Donna L.; Hartley, Stephen B.; Jeske, Clinton W.; Lorenz, Nicole; Michot, Thomas C.; Purrington, Robert Dan; Seymour, Michael; Vermillion, William G.

    2012-01-01

    Summarizing his colonial nesting waterbird survey experiences along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico in a paper presented to the Colonial Waterbird Group of the Waterbird Society (Portnoy 1978), bird biologist John W. Portnoy stated, “This huge concentration of nesting waterbirds, restricted almost entirely to the wetlands and estuaries of southern Louisiana, is unmatched in all of North America; for example, a 1975 inventory of wading birds along the Atlantic Coast from Maine to Florida [Custer and Osborn, in press], tallied 250,000 breeding [waterbirds] of 14 species, in contrast with the 650,000 birds of 15 species just from Sabine Pass to Mobile Bay.” The “650,000 birds” to which Portnoy referred, were tallied by him in a 1976 survey of coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama (see below, under “Major Surveys” section). According to the National Atlas of Coastal Waterbird Colonies in the Contiguous United States: 1976-82 (Spendelow and Patton 1988), the percentages of the total U.S. populations of Laughing Gull (11%), Forster's Tern (52%), Royal Tern (16%), Sandwich Tern (77%), and Black Skimmer (44%) which annually nest in Louisiana are significant – perhaps crucially so in the cases of Forster's Tern, Sandwich Tern, and Black Skimmer. Nearly three decades after Spendelow and Patton's determinations above, coastal Louisiana still stands out as the major center of colonial wading bird and seabird nesting in all of the United States. Within those three intervening decades, however, the

  6. 178 MULTIPLE COLONIALISM IN WESTERN SAHARA Macharia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Civil War, the colony had also been a possible bargaining chip with Adolph Hitler when ... Morocco gave rise to an Army of Liberation that inspired the Sahrawi to fight ..... or defense, matters, and promised the Sahrawi the right to vote for their ...

  7. La sociedad del conocimiento: inclusión o exclusión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herminia Moreno Ríos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En la historia de todas las sociedades, el conocimiento ha sido monopolizado por una élite, que lo utiliza para conservar el poder, se crearon limitantes para excluir a la masa de los saberes relevantes que otorgan la supremacía a unos y confinan a la mayoría a un trabajo físico o menos remunerado. En la actualidad surge el término Sociedad del Conocimiento para designar a nuestra sociedad, denominación que pareciera poner al alcance de todos tan preciado saber, con este trabajo pretendemos analizar si este beneficio es para todos, o es una forma disfrazada para continuar excluyendo y marginando a una gran parte de la sociedad, ya que la realidad muestra solo a una humanidad que tiene mayor acceso a la información, por la tecnología de la comunicación y el Internet, pero esa información aún debe transformarse en conocimiento utilitario, lo que en realidad existe es una sociedad de la información, que realmente no asegura que se pueda compartir con todos, los beneficios que brinda el conocimiento conductor de las sociedades, únicamente ofrece los saberes necesarios para competir en un mundo globalizado en donde cada individuo, según sus capacidades y competencias, debe encontrar su lugar.

  8. An American termite in Paris: temporal colony dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudouin, Guillaume; Dedeine, Franck; Bech, Nicolas; Bankhead-Dronnet, Stéphanie; Dupont, Simon; Bagnères, Anne-Geneviève

    2017-12-01

    Termites of the genus Reticulitermes are widespread invaders, particularly in urban habitats. Their cryptic and subterranean lifestyle makes them difficult to detect, and we know little about their colony dynamics over time. In this study we examined the persistence of Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) colonies in the city of Paris over a period of 15 years. The aim was (1) to define the boundaries of colonies sampled within the same four areas over two sampling periods, (2) to determine whether the colonies identified during the first sampling period persisted to the second sampling period, and (3) to compare the results obtained when colonies were delineated using a standard population genetic approach versus a Bayesian clustering method that combined both spatial and genetic information. Herein, colony delineations were inferred from genetic differences at nine microsatellite loci and one mitochondrial locus. Four of the 18 identified colonies did not show significant differences in their genotype distributions between the two sampling periods. While allelic richness was low, making it hard to reliably distinguish colony family type, most colonies appeared to retain the same breeding structure over time. These large and expansive colonies showed an important ability to fuse (39% were mixed-family colonies), contained hundreds of reproductives and displayed evidence of isolation-by-distance, suggesting budding dispersal. These traits, which favor colony persistence over time, present a challenge for pest control efforts, which apply treatment locally. The other colonies showed significant differences, but we cannot exclude the possibility that their genotype distributions simply changed over time.

  9. Colonial Army Formats in Africa and Post-Colonial Military Coups:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSOS USER

    The centralised and autocratic features of Caliphate rule were .... latter's participation in the affairs of their respective societies, and leadership ..... deployment of the army by the NPC for internal colonial-style repression duties in the Middle Belt ...

  10. JAX Colony Management System (JCMS): an extensible colony and phenotype data management system

    OpenAIRE

    Donnelly, Chuck J.; McFarland, Mike; Ames, Abigail; Sundberg, Beth; Springer, Dave; Blauth, Peter; Bult, Carol J.

    2010-01-01

    The Jackson Laboratory Colony Management System (JCMS) is a software application for managing data and information related to research mouse colonies, associated biospecimens, and experimental protocols. JCMS runs directly on computers that run one of the PC Windows® operating systems, but can be accessed via web browser interfaces from any computer running a Windows, Macintosh®, or Linux® operating system. JCMS can be configured for a single user or multiple users in small- to medium-size wo...

  11. Ireland – a test case of Post-colonialism / Post colonialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda Murray

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Contextualisation This review attempts to set the stage for post-colonial theorising, in the light of alternative representations of ‘whiteness’, on issues of gender, race and language within the discourse of equality. In this paper Ireland and the Irish provide a backdrop against which the nature and impact of colonialism on the colonised and the coloniser are explored. Many challenging questions emerge about the ideological basis of post colonial theory, not least when traditional paradigms of racism, as conveyed by the black / white dichotomy, are examined: Ireland presents a context, it is argued, where subjugation is of white on white. Linked to this is the language of the coloniser, a powerful hegemonic force which, in some situations, has been nurtured by the colonised and later developed into a text which is unique, producing a new literature which, it is asserted, truly invokes the ‘post colonial’. Abstract: Post-colonialism – essentially a critique of colonialism, is characterised by a process of disengagement from the colonial epoch and has taken many forms. In this article a set of phenomena are examined that have become inscribed in the cultures of the colonised with a view to identifying alternative cultural origins and dispositions recovered in this post-colonial era. Ireland and the Irish provide the background context of this exploration into perspectives generated by the peripheral or post-colonial nations. Globalisation, too, has had a role to play in the increasing de-territorialisation of communities as a result of cross-frontier mobility, increased intra-community mobility and new communication technologies. A critical reflection on the process of disengagement leads the author to conclude that we must come to recognise new cultural forms which are accepting of a heterogeneous and inclusive society: one which is not characterised by difference.

  12. 21 CFR 866.2180 - Manual colony counter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY DEVICES Microbiology Devices § 866.2180 Manual colony counter. (a) Identification. A manual colony counter is a device intended for medical purposes that consists...

  13. Hybrid Bee Ant Colony Algorithm for Effective Load Balancing And ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. OLIVER OSUAGWA

    Ant Colony algorithm is used in this hybrid Bee Ant Colony algorithm to solve load balancing issues ... Genetic Algorithm (MO-GA) for dynamic job scheduling that .... Information Networking and Applications Workshops. [7]. M. Dorigo & T.

  14. Conflict and conflict resolution in Africa: Engaging the colonial factor

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    maintaining colonial-style approaches to African conflicts at the expense of a ... Educational Leadership at the College of Education and Human Services, University of .... Colonial rule was the antithesis of democracy, because it was premised.

  15. Honeybee colony marketing and its implications for queen rearing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Honeybee colony marketing and its implications for queen rearing and beekeeping development in Werieleke ... Thus, colony marketing is an important venture in Werieleke district of Tigray region. ... EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT

  16. Growth pattern of the surface of fungus Aspergillus colony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuura, Shu; Miyazima, Sasuke

    1992-05-01

    Aspergillus oryzae colonies were grown under various glucose concentrations, temperatures, and agar concentrations, and the effects on the pattern were investigated. Patterns of colony were found to vary from uniform to diffusion-limited aggregation type.

  17. The importance of confronting a colonial, patriarchal and racist past ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The importance of confronting a colonial, patriarchal and racist past in addressing post-apartheid sexual violence. ... It also needs to redress problems of social and economic inequality that exist in South Africa as hangovers from this country's colonial and apartheid-era past. Keywords: Zuma, rape, Kipling, colonialism, ...

  18. Military labour mobilisation in colonial Lesotho during World War II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In 1940, Great Britain's wartime exploitation of the human and material resources of its colonial empire was extended to colonial Lesotho (then known as Basutoland). The aim of this article, therefore, is to trace the four-year military labour mobilisation process in that colony, with special attention to the timing, number and ...

  19. Deconstructive Pedagogy and Ideological Demystification in Post-Colonial Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansoor, Asma; Malik, Samina

    2016-01-01

    With post-colonial Pakistan inheriting the British colonial ideological and governmental apparatus, the English literature curriculum implemented at the university level in Pakistan carried the interpellatory baggage of its colonial past. Our interdisciplinary exploration focuses on using deconstructive pedagogy to demystify and subvert the…

  20. The Genesis of Public Relations in British Colonial Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, Rosaleen

    2001-01-01

    Demonstrates how the British Colonial Office employed public relations strategies as they administered the British colony of Northern Rhodesia before, during, and after World War II. Demonstrates how civil servants in London and colonial officials implemented public relations policies, strategies, and tactics on an ad hoc basis, covering political…

  1. African Economic Development and Colonial Legacies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gareth Austin

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews how colonial rule and African actions during the colonial period affected the resources and institutional settings for subsequent economic development south of the Sahara. The issue is seen from the perspective of the dynamics of development in what was in 1900 an overwhelmingly land-abundant region characterised by shortages of labour and capital, by perhaps surprisingly extensive indigenous market activities and by varying but often low levels of political centralisation. The differential impact of French and British rule is explored, but it is argued that a bigger determinant of the differential evolution of poverty, welfare and structural change was the contrast between “settler” and “peasant” economies.

  2. Teaching South Asia beyond Colonial Boundaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Caton

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Because of the methodological innovations of Subaltern Studies in the 1980s and 1990s, most historians’ familiarity with South Asian history is limited to the colonial or modern period. While the subalternist view is undoubtedly useful, it does not provide much help in thinking about what came before or after the colonial period. This limited context may prove to be a problem for a non-specialist constructing a full course in South Asian history or adding South Asia content to a course that seeks to break down area studies or nation-state boundaries. This article provides a starting point for such an enterprise. It reviews the South Asian history textbooks available in the market and identifies some of the scholarship that would suit courses or units organized by theme or by a larger Asian geography. It also reviews some of the collections of primary sources that could be used in such coursework.

  3. Ant colony optimization and constraint programming

    CERN Document Server

    Solnon, Christine

    2013-01-01

    Ant colony optimization is a metaheuristic which has been successfully applied to a wide range of combinatorial optimization problems. The author describes this metaheuristic and studies its efficiency for solving some hard combinatorial problems, with a specific focus on constraint programming. The text is organized into three parts. The first part introduces constraint programming, which provides high level features to declaratively model problems by means of constraints. It describes the main existing approaches for solving constraint satisfaction problems, including complete tree search

  4. Influence of feeding bee colonies on colony strenght and honey authenticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja KANDOLF BOROVŠAK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available For the natural development of bee colonies, there is the need for appropriate nutrition. Lack of natural honey flow must be supplemented by feeding bee colonies with sugar syrups or candy paste. This supplementary feeding encourages brood breeding and forage activity, whereby stronger colonies collect more honey. Sugar syrups can cause honey adulteration, which is more frequent with the reversing of the brood combs with the bee food, with the combs moved from the brood chamber to the upper chamber. Authentication of honey from the standpoint of the presence of sugar syrup is very complex, because there is no single method by which honey adulteration can be reliably confirmed. Feeding the colonies in spring should result in stronger colonies and hence the collection of more honey in the brood chambers. The objective of the present study was to determine whether this has effects also on honey authenticity, and to discover a simple method for detection of honey adulteration. The colonies were fed with candy paste that had added yeast and blue dye, to provide markers for detection of honey adulteration. The strength of the colonies and quantity of honey in the brood chambers were monitored. The results of the analysis of stable isotope and activity of foreign enzymes were compared with the results of yeast quantity and colour of the honey (absorbance, L*, a*, b* parameters. Detection of yeast in the honey samples and presence of colour as a consequence of added dye appear to be appropriate methods to follow honey adulteration, and further studies are ongoing.

  5. Review Essay: Governmentality in Late Colonial Korea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Em

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Takashi Fujitani, Race for Empire: Koreans as Japanese and Japanese as Americans during World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. 520 pp. $65 (cloth.Jun Uchida, Brokers of Empire: Japanese Settler Colonialism in Korea, 1876-1945. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. 500 pp. $50 (cloth.In South Korea, more so than in most other postcolonial countries, the issue of sovereignty and the colonial past remains a central feature of politics. Most recently, during a televised presidential debate on December 4, 2012, Lee Jung-hee of the Unified Progressive Party said something that likely had never been said on South Korean television: “Takaki Masao signed an oath of loyalty [to the Emperor of Japan], in his own blood, to become an officer in the Japanese [Imperial] Army. You know who he is. His Korean name is Park Chung Hee.” Lee Jung-hee then made the connection between that colonial past and the willingness to sell out the nation’s sovereignty in the present. The conservative candidate Park Geun-hye, the daughter of the late President Park Chung Hee who ruled South Korea from 1961 through 1979, and members of Park’s Saenuri Party, remain true to their “roots”: these “descendants of pro-Japanese collaborators and dictators” (again sold out South Korea’s sovereignty (on November 22, 2011 when they rammed the US-ROK Free Trade Agreement through the National Assembly.

  6. Colony stimulating factors and their clinical implication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asano, Shigetaka

    1989-01-01

    Granulocytes and macrophage are dependent for their production and/or functional activation in vitro on the presence of a family of glycoproteins. They are generally called colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) because of their capacity to stimulate colony formation in semi-solid cultures, and are currently classified into four distinct subtypes, that is, Multi-CSF, GM-CSF, G-CSF and M-CSF, according to the cell type of colonies formed under their stimulation or their target cell specificity. All of the murine and human CSF subtypes and the genes for them have become available in a purified form and in a large scale, and now allow us to investigate their interactions, the mechanisms for their actions, the cell-cell interactions leading to their production and secretion, and their actions in vivo. Furthermore, the preclinical and/or clinical studies which were carried out using the purified CSFs strongly indicate that human CSFs will be effective strategies for preventing and treating opportunistic bacterial and fungal infection as a major cause of death in granulocytopenic patients. (author)

  7. Urbanismo colonial temprano en la República Argentina: Aportes desde la arqueología Early Colonial Urbanism in Republica Argentina: Archaeological Contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Igareta

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, la arqueología argentina ha centrado su interés en el análisis de problemáticas relativas a las sociedades que habitaron el territorio en tiempos prehispánicos; solo en menor medida y más tardíamente, sitios y problemáticas históricas atrajeron la atención de los investigadores. Un tema en particular, el del surgimiento y estructuración de ciudades durante el período colonial, resultó poco abordado por los arqueólogos, pese al intensivo análisis y construcción de modelos interpretativos desarrollados desde otras disciplinas históricas. Investigaciones arqueológicas recientes han dado cuenta del gran potencial informativo de un conjunto de centros urbanos hasta ahora dejados de lado: las ciudades creadas y destruidas durante el siglo XVI, cuya morfología claramente se alejó del modelo clásico de regularidad propuesto pero que influyó en la posterior estructuración del sistema urbano.Argentine archaeology traditionally has been focused on the analysis of prehistoric societies; just recently and in a smaller proportion historical problems and sites captured their attention. Urban development during the colonial period was a subject little boarded by the archaeologists, despite the intensive analysis other historical disciplines dedicated to the theme. Recent archaeological investigations evidenced the great informative potential of cities created and destroyed during the century XVI, whose morphology clearly diverged from the classic regular model and had significant influence in the later structuring of the urban system.

  8. Movimiento estudiantil, sociedad civil, democracia y gobernabilidad en Venezuela: 2000-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egda Ortiz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo explicar la relación entre movimiento estudiantil, sociedad civil, democracia y gobernabilidad en Venezuela. Se adelanta una revisión conceptual y teórica respecto a los aspectos mencionados para el período seleccionado. La gobernabilidad para este período se explica al encontrarse una interrelación histórica entre democracia, movimiento estudiantil y sociedad civil venezolana. La democracia es la construcción de consensos y mayorías políticas para realizar los. PNUD-OEA (2010. En el caso venezolano, los distintos actores políticos y sociales que conforman la sociedad civil han expresado la defensa de los valores democráticos desde las dictaduras del siglo pasado hasta la actualidad. Son las sociedades civiles las que amplían el espacio público de los derechos yde la conciencia social sobre éstos. Grzybowski (2004. Se concluye que la construcción democrática requiere de la participación de distintos actores políticos y sociales que intercambien valores, procesos e ideas en el seno de la sociedad civil venezolana; y en este proceso complejo de la última década el movimiento estudiantil y los ciudadanos en general han destacado en el rescate de la gobernabilidad y la democracia en el país

  9. Movimiento estudiantil, sociedad civil, democracia y gobernabilidad en Venezuela: 2000-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egda Ortiz

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo explicar la relación entre movimiento estudiantil, sociedad civil, democracia y gobernabilidad en Venezuela. Se adelanta una revisión conceptual y teórica respecto a los aspectos mencionados para el período seleccionado. La gobernabilidad para este período se explica al encontrarse una interrelación histórica entre democracia, movimiento estudiantil y sociedad civil venezolana. La democracia es la construcción de consensos y mayorías políticas para realizarlos. PNUD-OEA (2010. En el caso venezolano, los distintos actores políticos y sociales que conforman la sociedad civil han expresado la defensa de los valores democráticos desde las dictaduras del siglo pasado hasta la actualidad. Son las sociedades civiles las que amplían el espacio público de los derechos y de la conciencia social sobre éstos. Grzybowski (2004. Se concluye que la construcción democrática requiere de la participación de distintos actores políticos y sociales que intercambien valores, procesos e ideas en el seno de la sociedad civil venezolana; y en este proceso complejo de la última década el movimiento estudiantil y los ciudadanos en general han destacado en el rescate de la gobernabilidad y la democracia en el país.

  10. Morphological Diversity of the Colony Produced by Bacteria Proteus mirabilis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakahara, Akio; Shimada, Yuji; Wakita, Jun-ichi; Matsushita, Mitsugu; Matsuyama, Tohey

    1996-08-01

    Morphological changes of colonies have been investigatedfor a bacterial strain of Proteus mirabilis, which is a famous speciesfor producing concentric-ring-like colonies. It was found that colony patterns can be classified into three types,i.e., cyclic spreading, diffusion-limited growth (DLA-like)and three-dimensional growth (inside the agar medium) patterns. Cyclic spreading patterns can further be classifiedinto three subgroups, i.e., concentric-ring, homogeneous and spatiotemporal patterns. These subgroups were classified by examining the development of colony structure after colonies spread all over petri-dishes. Comparison of the results with thoseof another bacterial species Bacillus subtilis is also discussed.

  11. Life in the colonies: learning the alien ways of colonial organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winston, Judith E

    2010-12-01

    Who needs to go to outer space to study alien beings when the oceans of our own planet abound with bizarre and unknown creatures? Many of them belong to sessile clonal and colonial groups, including sponges, hydroids, corals, octocorals, ascidians, bryozoans, and some polychaetes. Their life histories, in many ways unlike our own, are a challenge for biologists. Studying their ecology, behavior, and taxonomy means trying to “think like a colony” to understand the factors important in their lives. Until the 1980s, most marine ecologists ignored these difficult modular organisms. Plant ecologists showed them ways to deal with the two levels of asexually produced modules and genetic individuals, leading to a surge in research on the ecology of clonal and colonial marine invertebrates. Bryozoans make excellent model colonial animals. Their life histories range from ephemeral to perennial. Aspects of their lives such as growth, reproduction, partial mortality due to predation or fouling, and the behavior of both autozooids and polymorphs can be studied at the level of the colony, as well as that of the individual module, in living colonies and over time.

  12. A institucionalização da disciplina História da Educação na Escola Normal mineira na primeira metade do século XX = Institutionalization of the subject of History of Education in the Normal School of Minas Gerais in the first half of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guimarães, Rosângela M. C.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo trata da apresentação dos resultados de investigação sobre o surgimento, a constituição e a institucionalização da História da Educação como disciplina escolar em cursos de formação de professores. Nesse caso, examina-se o processo de introdução da disciplina nos cursos normais mineiros, a partir do Decreto 8162, de 20 de janeiro de 1928, e de seus regulamentos, instituídos durante o governo de Antônio Carlos Ribeiro de Andrada, que, à época, fora secretariado por Francisco Campos. Esse processo de institucionalização da disciplina ocorreu em meio a um contexto de reformas educacionais em Minas Gerais, que também estavam por acontecer em outros estados brasileiros, sob a influência significativa dos princípios escolanovistas e da forma tomada pela formação de professores, em especial, na Europa e nos Estados Unidos. As fontes utilizadas incluem a legislação educacional mineira do período e a bibliografia de referência existente

  13. "Bases legales para la transformación de Sociedades Civiles en Sociedades Cooperativas" (Legal bases for the transformation of Civil Societies into Cooperative Societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Gadea Soler

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El Derecho interno vigente permite abiertamente la transformaciónde Sociedades Civiles con personalidad jurídica, Asociaciones y Fundaciones,en Cooperativas. Ello está además integrado en las propuestas del ParlamentoEuropeo en beneficio del empleo, la lucha contra la exclusión en la UEy el mantenimiento del bienestar social en la Unión.

  14. Engaging With Colonial Archives: Reflections Of An End-User

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayodeji Olukoju

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Official and/or public archives were a byproduct of colonial rule in Africa. (Archives are a byproduct of administrative governance everywhere. Given the density and diversity of colonial archival records, historians have tended to rely on them for the study of the colonial period. Publications on the use of archives have not captured the perspective of end-users, who often face peculiar challenges in the use of colonial and metropolitan archives. This paper provides an end-user perspective on colonial archives in Nigeria and the United Kingdom. It highlights the challenges of data collection and prospects of optimal use of archival source material. The discussion is of general application to users of colonial archives especially in the former British colonies in Africa.

  15. Experimental Study for Automatic Colony Counting System Based Onimage Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Junlong; Li, Wenzhe; Wang, Guoxin

    Colony counting in many colony experiments is detected by manual method at present, therefore it is difficult for man to execute the method quickly and accurately .A new automatic colony counting system was developed. Making use of image-processing technology, a study was made on the feasibility of distinguishing objectively white bacterial colonies from clear plates according to the RGB color theory. An optimal chromatic value was obtained based upon a lot of experiments on the distribution of the chromatic value. It has been proved that the method greatly improves the accuracy and efficiency of the colony counting and the counting result is not affected by using inoculation, shape or size of the colony. It is revealed that automatic detection of colony quantity using image-processing technology could be an effective way.

  16. Varroa-Virus Interaction in Collapsing Honey Bee Colonies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Francis, Roy Mathew; Nielsen, Steen L.; Kryger, Per

    2013-01-01

    Varroa mites and viruses are the currently the high-profile suspects in collapsing bee colonies. Therefore, seasonal variation in varroa load and viruses (Acute-Kashmir-Israeli complex (AKI) and Deformed Wing Virus (DWV)) were monitored in a year-long study. We investigated the viral titres...... in honey bees and varroa mites from 23 colonies (15 apiaries) under three treatment conditions: Organic acids (11 colonies), pyrethroid (9 colonies) and untreated (3 colonies). Approximately 200 bees were sampled every month from April 2011 to October 2011, and April 2012. The 200 bees were split to 10...... subsamples of 20 bees and analysed separately, which allows us to determine the prevalence of virus-infected bees. The treatment efficacy was often low for both treatments. In colonies where varroa treatment reduced the mite load, colonies overwintered successfully, allowing the mites and viruses...

  17. Pollen foraging in colonies of Melipona bicolor (Apidae, Meliponini): effects of season, colony size and queen number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilário, S D; Imperatriz-Fonseca, V L

    2009-01-01

    We evaluated the ratio between the number of pollen foragers and the total number of bees entering colonies of Melipona bicolor, a facultative polygynous species of stingless bees. The variables considered in our analysis were: seasonality, colony size and the number of physogastric queens in each colony. The pollen forager ratios varied significantly between seasons; the ratio was higher in winter than in summer. However, colony size and number of queens per colony had no significant effect. We conclude that seasonal differences in pollen harvest are related to the production of sexuals and to the number of individuals and their body size.

  18. O conhecimento e as tecnologias na sociedade da informação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alzira Karla Araújo da Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Artículo de reflexión en torno a la sociedad de la información, la sociedad del conocimiento, el paradigma de la cibercultura y el papel de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en el progreso social. Se resaltan los factores de inclusión y exclusión sociales que se producen en la sociedad de la información, y se señalan las acciones, intenciones y necesidades que le son propias. La reflexión contribuye a caracterizar la sociedad de la información en tanto busca entenderla desde perspectivas sociales, culturales, económicas y de búsqueda de la ciudadanía. En especial, se analizan los nuevos entornos originados por la revolución tecnológica y su impacto en la información y el conocimiento en un mundo globalizado. Se reconoce que la educación es uno de los pilares de construcción de esa sociedad y se pone como ejemplo el caso de Brasil, donde hay un círculo virtuoso de avances en el uso intensivo de las tecnologias informativas en las escuelas y en la enseñanza superior, gracias a la creación de nuevos espacios públicos, políticas educacionales y el desarrollo tecnológico. Se concluye que la inclusión y democratización de la información son inseparables y determinates para la consolidación de la sociedad de la información.

  19. Sociedad de la información: ¿utopía o panóptico?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Islas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Inicia con los conceptos de Sociedad de la Información. Evoca a estas como el tipo de sociedades deseables a las que nos conducirá la globalización. Hace una evaluación de los resultados de la Cumbre de la Sociedad de la Información, convocada por las Naciones Unidas en Suiza y se adentra en nuevas formas de informar y comunicar: los weblogs o bitácoras del Internet.

  20. Virtude, trabalho e riqueza: a concepção de sociedade civil em Benjamin Franklin

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Maria Brito Sanches

    2006-01-01

    Neste trabalho examinamos a concepção de sociedade civil no pensamento social e político de Benjamin Franklin, cujas idéias exerceram grande influência na formação da mentalidade do homem do Novo Mundo. Essa mentalidade inaugura um novo modo de conceber a vida em sociedade, exaltando tudo o que se opõe aos valores da velha ordem. Contra o princípio da honra, os títulos de nobreza e a posição social dos indivíduos, ela exalta a virtude republicana, celebra o trabalho e reclama o respeito à dig...

  1. Sociedad civil: democracia monitorizada y medios de comunicación en John Keane

    OpenAIRE

    Feenstra, Ramón Andrés

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo de esta tesis doctoral consiste en analizar de manera exhaustiva el concepto de sociedad civil en la obra de Keane. Un estudio que pretende mostrar la potencialidad de la propuesta de sociedad civil de este autor que, ampliamente entendida en la definición de su espacio y de sus actores, ha destacado el papel central de los medios de comunicación en el modelo de democracia monitorizada. Un modelo democrático que se constituye fruto del creciente contrapoder adquirido por una socie...

  2. La calidad y salud del suelo influyen sobre la naturaleza y la sociedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Burbano Orjuela

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available La preservación del suelo resulta prioritaria para todos los sectores de la sociedad, porque su deterioro repercute adversamente sobre otros componentes de la naturaleza y sobre los grupos sociales que necesitan del suelo. Por eso, es importante mantener la calidad y salud del suelo, para que la sociedad pueda garantizar su seguridad alimentaria y disfrutar de los servicios ecosistémicos que presta este recurso natural. En este artículo se revisan los conceptos centrales que buscan explicar las relaciones del suelo con la naturaleza y con las personas.

  3. Impacto de las catástrofes naturales en sociedades coloniales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Gascón

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo resaltamos la relación entre la dinámica de una sociedad y los cambios operados por catástrofes masivas, tanto en lo material como en la economía, la política y las ideas y valores religiosos. Examinamos casos coloniales, como la erupción del volcán Villarrica (1640 en el sur de Chile y otros terremotos destructivos del siglo XVII. Adoptaremos una perspectiva comparativa para mostrar cómo las catástrofes modifican las condiciones locales y provocan cambios en la vida de las sociedades coloniales.

  4. La representación social de las familias diversas: Ley de Sociedades de Convivencia

    OpenAIRE

    María de Jesús González Pérez

    2007-01-01

    La familia es un pilar fundamental que se relaciona determinantemente con las demás estructuras de un sistema social; en el caso de nuestra sociedad, esta institución se encuentra en el más alto rango del orden moral, sancionando desde una perspectiva heterosexista la presencia de nuevas familias que alteran el modelo tradicional, por lo que la Ley de Sociedades de Convivencia reforma al Código Civil del Distrito Federal, y trae consigo la posibilidad de resguardar jurídica e institucionalmen...

  5. La gerencia pública en la sociedad post-industrial

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero, Omar

    2005-01-01

    Hoy en día la sociedad postindustrial se manifiesta en cinco dimensiones: un sector económico; una distribución ocupacional; la centralidad del conocimiento teórico; una orientación del futuro con base en el control de la tecnología y una hechura de decisiones orientadas por la nueva tecnología intelectual. De ahí nace la motivación del presente trabajo, el cual consiste en analizar la gerencia pública en la sociedad postindustrial, a través del análisis documental. Así, en consonancia con la...

  6. La gerencia pública en la sociedad post-industrial

    OpenAIRE

    Omar Guerrero

    2005-01-01

    Hoy en día la sociedad postindustrial se manifiesta en cinco dimensiones: un sector económico; una distribución ocupacional; la centralidad del conocimiento teórico; una orientación del futuro con base en el control de la tecnología y una hechura de decisiones orientadas por la nueva tecnología intelectual. De ahí nace la motivación del presente trabajo, el cual consiste en analizar la gerencia pública en la sociedad postindustrial, a través del análisis documental. Así, en conson...

  7. Educación mediática en la sociedad actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa García Ruíz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available La influencia de los medios de comunicación en la sociedad actual conlleva un cambio de actitud por parte de todos los ciudadanos, instituciones y organismos. De este modo, emana una incesante búsqueda de recursos, propuestas, investigaciones, iniciativas innovadoras y estrategias, relacionadas con la alfabetización mediática, que garantice la participación activa y responsable de la ciudadanía en la sociedad de las múltiples pantallas, como un derecho básico.

  8. Oportunidades y desarrollo en las sociedades científicas estudiantiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Mondragón-Cardona

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La formación en investigación desde el pregrado como competencia básica y parte fundamental de la educación médica continua y la formación integral, ha sido el punto de encuentro para las diferentes sociedades científicas de estudiantes de medicina de Latinoamérica, convirtiéndose así en el fundamento de la Federación Latinoamericana de Sociedades Científicas de Estudiantes de Medicina FELSOCEM

  9. UNIVERSIDAD Y SOCIEDAD: LA UNIVERSIDAD COMO PALANCA DE TRANSFORMACIÓN SOCIAL

    OpenAIRE

    CULLEN, PATRICIO ALBERTO

    2011-01-01

    Es esencial instalar en la agenda de Gestión Universitaria la discusión política acerca de cuál debe ser hoy el rol de la Universidad en la sociedad. Se postula que no se ejerce el rol de mejora social que es competencia nata de la universidad, como agente principal de producción y distribución del conocimiento. Se ha configurado una deserción que es preciso revertir para transformar la universidad en palanca para sacudir y empezar a cambiar la sociedad. La universidad debe ser un agente d...

  10. La disolución de las Sociedades Mercantiles: Causa ex voluntate

    OpenAIRE

    Huertas López, Josefa

    2014-01-01

    Estudiando el Derecho Mercantil, se encuentra todo lo referente a las sociedades mercantiles, empezando por su constitución, transformación, fusión, escisión hasta de su extinción. Este estudio pese a la complejidad de su título, se centra en la disolución de las sociedades mercantiles y en concreto en la disolución por “CAUSA EX VOLUNTATE”. Diversos son los criterios que han utilizado los distintos autores a lo largo del tiempo para agruparlas, centrándose en las causas de disolución (arts. ...

  11. Dotaciones para la recuperación de activos revertibles como deducibles del impuesto sobre sociedades

    OpenAIRE

    Duplá Marín, María José

    2001-01-01

    El objetivo final que nos propusimos con este trabajo de investigación fue profundizar en el estudio jurídico-tributario de las dotaciones al fondo de reversión como gasto deducible para determinar la base imponible del impuesto sobre sociedades, en aquellas sociedades concesionarias de servicios públicos con cláusula de reversión de activos, partiendo de su realidad contable.En consecuencia el trabajo se ciñe al estudio crítico de la regulación jurídica del fondo de reversión como gasto fisc...

  12. Intraspecific Variation among Social Insect Colonies: Persistent Regional and Colony-Level Differences in Fire Ant Foraging Behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison A Bockoven

    Full Text Available Individuals vary within a species in many ecologically important ways, but the causes and consequences of such variation are often poorly understood. Foraging behavior is among the most profitable and risky activities in which organisms engage and is expected to be under strong selection. Among social insects there is evidence that within-colony variation in traits such as foraging behavior can increase colony fitness, but variation between colonies and the potential consequences of such variation are poorly documented. In this study, we tested natural populations of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, for the existence of colony and regional variation in foraging behavior and tested the persistence of this variation over time and across foraging habitats. We also reared single-lineage colonies in standardized environments to explore the contribution of colony lineage. Fire ants from natural populations exhibited significant and persistent colony and regional-level variation in foraging behaviors such as extra-nest activity, exploration, and discovery of and recruitment to resources. Moreover, colony-level variation in extra-nest activity was significantly correlated with colony growth, suggesting that this variation has fitness consequences. Lineage of the colony had a significant effect on extra-nest activity and exploratory activity and explained approximately half of the variation observed in foraging behaviors, suggesting a heritable component to colony-level variation in behavior.

  13. Globalization in the post - colonial world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korobeynikova Larisa A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a new interpretation of globalization within the boundaries of the author’s concept of soft globalization, which exploits a normatively attractive alternative to the concept of the Empire. It is argued here that the conditions of development of contemporary post - colonial world communities do not require any unification in the form of the Empire, but instead the creation of a non repressive mechanism of social regulation - the implementation of a form of soft globalization, a globalization with a mental form are expedient here. Historically, globalization occurred in a strict material(i.e. economical and military form that prompted the conditions for the evolution of civilization as the Empire: a case in which the development of the world occurs under the power of a single dominating state. Imperialistic politics leads to colonial politics formation. The history of the phenomena of civilization shows many instances of Empire globalization. Globalization in the Empire form was already observed at the time of the Roman Empire. At this time processes of development inside the Empire were manifestations of globalization in its highest cultural shape. But ancient Rome was also a social and political experiment that acquired the attributes of a purely material globalization in the end, and historically brought about the irreversible crash of the Roman Empire itself. Contemporary fluctuations referring to the process of globalization can be registered in the US’s attempts of material domination inside this or that existing case of civilization, which causes colonialism appearance. The main idea stressed in the paper is that only a mental globalization could succeed in the end.

  14. Combined Final Report for Colony II Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kale, Laxmikant [University of Illinois; Jones, Terry [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Moreira, Jose [IBM Corp.

    2013-10-23

    (This report was originally submmited by the lead PI (Terry Jones, ORNL) on October 22, 2013 to the program manager, Lucy Nowell. It is being submitted from University of Illinois in accordance with instructions). HPC Colony II seeks to provide portable performance for leadership class machines. Our strategy is based on adaptive system software that aims to make the intelligent decisions necessary to allow domain scientists to safely focus on their task at hand and allow the system software stack to adapt their application to the underlying architecture. This report describes the research undertaken towards these objectives and the results obtained over the performance period of the project.

  15. Mamary neoplasia in a closed beagle colony

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taylor, G.N.; Shabestari, L.; Williams, J.; Mays, C.W.; Angus, W.; McFarland, S.

    1975-01-01

    The incidence rate of mammary neoplasia in a large colony of beagles and its relationship to internal skeletal and/or liver radiation, age, relatively late ovariectomy (4 years and older), endometritis, parity status, and adrenal weight was examined. Of these various factors, age was the only condition that was clearly correlated with changes in the mammary tumor incidence. The rate became significant at approximately eight years of age and increased progressively throughout the successively older age classes. Within the female dogs, the incidence of mammary cancer was higher that that of any other form of spontaneous malignancy

  16. Colonial Subjectification: Foucault, Christianity and Governmentality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Petterson

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foucault’s concept of pastoral power is envisioned as a technique of power developed from the medieval period and carried through into modern political rationalities. As such, it is an old power technique – which originated in Christian institutions – in a new political shape, which he coined governmentality. This article uses Foucault’s genealogy of pastoral power and governmentality to discuss the intersection of domination and technology of self in the Greenlandic colonial context and to bring out the central role of religion in Foucault’s conceptualisation of governmentality.

  17. Image Edge Tracking via Ant Colony Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ruowei; Wu, Hongkun; Liu, Shilong; Rahman, M. A.; Liu, Sanchi; Kwok, Ngai Ming

    2018-04-01

    A good edge plot should use continuous thin lines to describe the complete contour of the captured object. However, the detection of weak edges is a challenging task because of the associated low pixel intensities. Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) has been employed by many researchers to address this problem. The algorithm is a meta-heuristic method developed by mimicking the natural behaviour of ants. It uses iterative searches to find the optimal solution that cannot be found via traditional optimization approaches. In this work, ACO is employed to track and repair broken edges obtained via conventional Sobel edge detector to produced a result with more connected edges.

  18. In the Post-Colonial Waiting Room

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca; Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2017-01-01

    ready for sovereignty. It explores a number of European overseas countries and territories. More specifically, it focuses on French dependencies in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and North Atlantic Greenland constitutionally connected to Denmark. The immediate aim of anti-colonial struggles was to make...... acknowledge. A number of overseas territories take alternative routes to agency; not by resisting the norm of sovereignty - but by creatively articulating it beyond its claim to represent an 'either/or' distinction. The chapter demonstrates that territories not formally decolonized may very well perform...

  19. CHRISTIANITY AND COLONIALISM IN SOME ENGLISH SHORT STORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatang Iskarna

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Colonial and postcolonial studies are often linked to the power domination of the West upon the East in the way that the East economically, politically, and socially oppressed. Colonialism is often associated with three elements, the explorers dealing with geographical information, missionaries approaching the local people culturally, and the colonial administrators ruling the colony. Gold, glory, and gospel are the European’s concern. However, in representing the relation between Christianity and colonialism there is critical dialectic amongst historians, anthropologists, Christian missions, or cultural critics. Some propose that Christianity is considered to be the religious arm of colonialism. Others state that Christianity is spread without any secular interest as it is a great commandment of Jesus Christ. A few believe that Christianity give critical resistance against colonialism. The relation between Christianity and colonialism cannot be simplified as being neutral, in complicity, or in opposition. So, it is worth-discussing to understand how European writers construct the relation between Christianity and colonialism in their literary work. How Christianity is constructed and how Christianity is related to colonialism will be discussed in this paper. Using postcolonial paradigm, two English short stories will be analyzed in that way. They are Rudyard Kipling’s “Lispeth” and Doris Lessing’s “No Witchcraft for Sale”.

  20. Inbred or Outbred? Genetic Diversity in Laboratory Rodent Colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brekke, Thomas D.; Steele, Katherine A.; Mulley, John F.

    2017-01-01

    Nonmodel rodents are widely used as subjects for both basic and applied biological research, but the genetic diversity of the study individuals is rarely quantified. University-housed colonies tend to be small and subject to founder effects and genetic drift; so they may be highly inbred or show substantial genetic divergence from other colonies, even those derived from the same source. Disregard for the levels of genetic diversity in an animal colony may result in a failure to replicate results if a different colony is used to repeat an experiment, as different colonies may have fixed alternative variants. Here we use high throughput sequencing to demonstrate genetic divergence in three isolated colonies of Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) even though they were all established recently from the same source. We also show that genetic diversity in allegedly “outbred” colonies of nonmodel rodents (gerbils, hamsters, house mice, deer mice, and rats) varies considerably from nearly no segregating diversity to very high levels of polymorphism. We conclude that genetic divergence in isolated colonies may play an important role in the “replication crisis.” In a more positive light, divergent rodent colonies represent an opportunity to leverage genetically distinct individuals in genetic crossing experiments. In sum, awareness of the genetic diversity of an animal colony is paramount as it allows researchers to properly replicate experiments and also to capitalize on other genetically distinct individuals to explore the genetic basis of a trait. PMID:29242387

  1. Political instability and discontinuity in Nigeria: The pre-colonial past and public goods provision under colonial and post-colonial political orders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papaioannou, K.I.; Dalrymple-Smith, A.E.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the relative importance of pre-colonial institutional capacity and the effects of periods of peace and stability on long-term development outcomes in Nigeria. We use data on education, health, and public works at a provincial level from a variety of colonial and Nigerian state

  2. Effect of fluid motion on colony formation in Microcystis aeruginosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Microcystis aeruginosa, generally occurring in large colonies under natural conditions, mainly exists as single cells in laboratory cultures. The mechanisms involved in colony formation in Microcystis aeruginosa and their roles in algal blooms remain unknown. In this study, based on previous research findings that fluid motion may stimulate the colony formation in green algae, culture experiments were conducted under axenic conditions in a circular water chamber where the flow rate, temperature, light, and nutrients were controlled. The number of cells of Microcystis aeruginosa, the number of cells per colony, and the colonial characteristics in various growth phases were observed and measured. The results indicated that the colony formation in Microcystis aeruginosa, which was not observed under stagnant conditions, was evident when there was fluid motion, with the number of cells per largest colony reaching 120 and the proportion of the number of cells in colonial form to the total number of cells and the mean number of cells per colony reaching their peak values at a flow rate of 35 cm/s. Based on the analysis of colony formation process, fluid motion stimulates the colony formation in Microcystis aeruginosa in the lag growth phase, while flushes and disaggregates the colonies in the exponential growth phase. The stimulation effect in the lag growth phase may be attributable to the involvement of fluid motion in a series of physiological processes, including the uptake of trace elements and the synthesis and secretion of polysaccharides. In addition, the experimental groups exhibiting typical colonial characteristics in the lag growth phase were found to have higher cell biomass in the later phase.

  3. Disrupting the Coloniality of Being: Toward De-Colonial Ontologies in Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Troy A.

    2012-01-01

    This essay works to bridge conversations in philosophy of education with decolonial theory. The author considers Margonis' (1999, 2011a, b) use of Rousseau (1979) and Heidegger (1962) in developing an ontological attitude that counters social hierarchies and promotes anti-colonial relations. While affirming this effort, the essay outlines a…

  4. The regulation of British colonial lunatic asylums and the origins of colonial psychiatry, 1860-1864.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Sally

    2010-05-01

    In this paper I outline a brief period in the history of the British Empire, during which colonial lunatic asylum policy began to be formulated. I begin with a scandal that erupted in Jamaica and suggest that this set in motion processes that led to critical changes in asylum administration. The first of these processes was an audit of hospitals and asylums in the colonies. The results of the audit and the policy that emerged from it marked the beginning of systematic regulation of lunatic asylum practice across the British Empire. It revealed a formulation of policy that was intended to cut across the self-governing regimes that had up to this point been allowed to evolve. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault and Nikolas Rose, I argue that the policy and the practices associated with it contribute to an understanding of the emergence of the psy-sciences in colonial settings. They illustrate the establishment of a panoptic gaze on previously neglected insane spaces. Systematic surveillance constituted government at a distance and made colonial lunacy administration a governable discursive space. The regulation of the medical officers, lunatic attendants, and hospital boards began the process of creating a professional psychiatric workforce. I conclude with a discussion of the implications and the mixed impact of this policy change for the mentally ill across the empire, over the ensuing decades.

  5. Economic mobility in a colonial and post-colonial economy: the case of Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Leeuwen, Bas; Földvári, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Despite a consensus about the main factors influencing economic mobility in Indonesia, such as labor-market opportunities and childhood circumstances, virtually nothing is known about how these factors increased economic standing in the colonial and postcolonial periods. The use of height data as a

  6. JAX Colony Management System (JCMS): an extensible colony and phenotype data management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Chuck J; McFarland, Mike; Ames, Abigail; Sundberg, Beth; Springer, Dave; Blauth, Peter; Bult, Carol J

    2010-04-01

    The Jackson Laboratory Colony Management System (JCMS) is a software application for managing data and information related to research mouse colonies, associated biospecimens, and experimental protocols. JCMS runs directly on computers that run one of the PC Windows operating systems, but can be accessed via web browser interfaces from any computer running a Windows, Macintosh, or Linux operating system. JCMS can be configured for a single user or multiple users in small- to medium-size work groups. The target audience for JCMS includes laboratory technicians, animal colony managers, and principal investigators. The application provides operational support for colony management and experimental workflows, sample and data tracking through transaction-based data entry forms, and date-driven work reports. Flexible query forms allow researchers to retrieve database records based on user-defined criteria. Recent advances in handheld computers with integrated barcode readers, middleware technologies, web browsers, and wireless networks add to the utility of JCMS by allowing real-time access to the database from any networked computer.

  7. Stable isotope enrichment in laboratory ant colonies: effects of colony age, metamorphosis, diet, and fat storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecologists use stable isotopes to infer diets and trophic levels of animals in food webs, yet some assumptions underlying these inferences have not been thoroughly tested. We used laboratory-reared colonies of Solenopsis invicta Buren (Formicidae: Solenopsidini) to test the effects of metamorphosis,...

  8. Fish skin bacteria: Colonial and cellular hydrophobicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sar, N; Rosenberg, E

    1987-05-01

    Bacteria were desorbed from the skin of healthy, fast-swimming fish by several procedures, including brief exposure to sonic oscillation and treatment with nontoxic surface active agents. The surface properties of these bacteria were studied by measuring their adhesion to hexadecane, as well as by a newly developed, simple method for studying the hydrophobicity of bacterial lawns. This method, referred to as the "Direction of Spreading" (DOS) method, consists of recording the direction to which a water drop spreads when introduced at the border between bacterial lawns and other surfaces. Of the 13 fish skin isolates examined, two strains were as hydrophobic as polystyrene by the DOS method. Suspended cells of one of these strains adhered strongly to hexadecane (84%), whereas cells of the other strain adhered poorly (13%). Another strain which was almost as hydrophobic as polystyrene by the DOS method did not adhere to hexadecane at all. Similarly, lawns of three other strains were more hydrophobic than glass by the DOS method, but cell suspensions prepared from these colonies showed little or no adhesion to hexadecane. The high colonial but relatively low cellular hydrophobicity could be due to a hydrophobic slime that is removed during the suspension and washing procedures. The possibility that specific bacteria assist in fish locomotion by changing the surface properties of the fish skin and by producing drag-reducing polymers is discussed.

  9. Arte em Herbert Marcuse: formação e resistência à sociedade unidimensional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Castro Chaves

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é resultado de uma pesquisa teórica que teve como objetivo analisar a contribuição de Herbert Marcuse, autor da teoria crítica da sociedade, para pensar a relação entre arte, sujeito e formação para a resistência à sociedade unidimensional. Foram estudados os seguintes textos escritos entre 1941 e 1977: Razão e revolução (1941/1978, Eros e civilização (1955/1969, Ideologia da sociedade industrial: o homem unidimensional (1964/1973, Ideias sobre uma teoria crítica da sociedade (1969/1981 e A dimensão estética (1977/1999. Para Marcuse, a arte é política, apresenta universalidade, alteridade, transcendência, forma estética e negação e confirmação da realidade. A arte é objetivação e não trabalho alienado, ela realiza a sublimação e provoca sensibilidade, diferenciando-se da mercadoria que se apropria da cultura, fazendo-a esvaziar-se em seu sentido. Ao analisar a arte, esse autor contribuiu para uma psicologia social crítica que revela a arte como mediação psicossocial para um sujeito não adaptado.

  10. O problema da desigualdade social na teoria da sociedade de Niklas Luhmann

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    Roberto Dutra Torres Junior

    Full Text Available A teoria da sociedade de Niklas Luhmann é frequentemente acusada de conservadorismo, visto que negligencia a relevância das estruturas de desigualdade na sociedade moderna. Este artigo propõe uma leitura alternativa dessa teoria, a qual implica uma reconsideração do papel das estruturas de desigualdade para a reprodução dos sistemas sociais. O argumento principal é que as estruturas de desigualdade orientam o modo pelo qual os sistemas sociais selecionam os indivíduos para suas operações. Ao mesmo tempo, é feita uma defesa da tese luhmanniana sobre o primado da diferenciação funcional, pois, enquanto as estruturas de desigualdade podem variar, assumindo formas contingentes, cuja transformação não representa a transformação da sociedade, a diferenciação funcional, ao contrário, representa a própria identidade da sociedade, permanecendo como uma dimensão invariável e necessária nos horizontes de sentido da modernidade.

  11. First recorded loss of an emperor penguin colony in the recent period of Antarctic regional warming: implications for other colonies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip N Trathan

    Full Text Available In 1948, a small colony of emperor penguins Aptenodytes forsteri was discovered breeding on Emperor Island (67° 51' 52″ S, 68° 42' 20″ W, in the Dion Islands, close to the West Antarctic Peninsula (Stonehouse 1952. When discovered, the colony comprised approximately 150 breeding pairs; these numbers were maintained until 1970, after which time the colony showed a continuous decline. By 1999 there were fewer than 20 pairs, and in 2009 high-resolution aerial photography revealed no remaining trace of the colony. Here we relate the decline and loss of the Emperor Island colony to a well-documented rise in local mean annual air temperature and coincident decline in seasonal sea ice duration. The loss of this colony provides empirical support for recent studies (Barbraud & Weimerskirch 2001; Jenouvrier et al 2005, 2009; Ainley et al 2010; Barber-Meyer et al 2005 that have highlighted the vulnerability of emperor penguins to changes in sea ice duration and distribution. These studies suggest that continued climate change is likely to impact upon future breeding success and colony viability for this species. Furthermore, a recent circumpolar study by Fretwell & Trathan (2009 highlighted those Antarctic coastal regions where colonies appear most vulnerable to such changes. Here we examine which other colonies might be at risk, discussing various ecological factors, some previously unexplored, that may also contribute to future declines. The implications of this are important for future modelling work and for understanding which colonies actually are most vulnerable.

  12. Coalescing colony model: Mean-field, scaling, and geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carra, Giulia; Mallick, Kirone; Barthelemy, Marc

    2017-12-01

    We analyze the coalescing model where a `primary' colony grows and randomly emits secondary colonies that spread and eventually coalesce with it. This model describes population proliferation in theoretical ecology, tumor growth, and is also of great interest for modeling urban sprawl. Assuming the primary colony to be always circular of radius r (t ) and the emission rate proportional to r (t) θ , where θ >0 , we derive the mean-field equations governing the dynamics of the primary colony, calculate the scaling exponents versus θ , and compare our results with numerical simulations. We then critically test the validity of the circular approximation for the colony shape and show that it is sound for a constant emission rate (θ =0 ). However, when the emission rate is proportional to the perimeter, the circular approximation breaks down and the roughness of the primary colony cannot be discarded, thus modifying the scaling exponents.

  13. La ciudad y la corte como espacios de poder en Hispanoamérica. La plata colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bridikhina, Eugenia

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available This article demostrates how the City of La Plata, headquarters of the Audiencia and the Archbishopric, became defined as the Provincial Court, the centre of courtesan life, and the ceremonial centre of the monarchy. Public ceremonies and etiquette served as an instrument for royal domination represented in the social hierarchy, which defined and limited the social mobility of protagonists in colonial society. Ruling class acceptance of norms of conduct identical to Royal Court, and a similar social hierarchy with similar norms allowed for the functioning of the competitive and antagonistic worlds of Charca´s society.

    Este artículo pretende demostrar que la ciudad de La Plata, sede de la Audiencia y Arzobispado se definió como la Corte provincial, el centro de vida cortesana y el escenario ceremonial de la monarquía. Las ceremonias públicas y etiquetas que se realizaban en este espacio del poder servían como un instrumento de dominio real, representaban y reforzaban la jerarquía social, marcando el lugar que sus protagonistas tenían en sociedad colonial. La aceptación por las clases dirigentes de pautas de conducta y sociabilidad idénticas a los de la Corte Real, y de un modelo similar de diferenciación jerárquica, con sus normas y reglas hacía que funcionara el mundo competitivo y antagónico de la sociedad charqueña.

  14. A Sociedade de Consumo e os Adolescentes: uma visão sobre as relações escolares frente à sociedade de consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Vanesca Wasum

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Os efeitos dos valores reproduzidos na sociedade de consumo, tais como o individualismo, a competição por status, a imitação e o exibicionismo, podem refletir nas relações escolares. Partindo desse princípio, se faz necessário propor reflexões sobre a cultura e a sociedade de consumo, relacionando-as com realidades vivenciadas na escola, como a violência entre colegas e as suas causas, torna-se significativo nos dias atuais. O presente artigo busca investigar se os adolescentes de baixa renda são afetados pelas imposições da sociedade de consumo ou como os valores impostos pela indústria cultural atingem as relações dos alunos de uma escola pública. Este trabalho apresenta o resultado de encontros de grupos focais realizados com alunos das oitavas séries de uma escola pública em São Jerônimo/RS. A partir de algumas imagens, procurei questionar os adolescentes se o consumo de produtos e serviços “da moda” seria capaz de deixálos mais felizes. Muitos dos alunos ouvidos nos grupos focais demonstraram, em suas falas, sentimentos de rejeição, diferença ou exclusão em relação aos adolescentes que demonstram mais condições econômicas pela capacidade de consumo destes. As relações escolares parecem ser afetadas pelos valores como o individualismo, a competição por status, a imitação e o exibicionismo.

  15. Ant- and Ant-Colony-Inspired ALife Visual Art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenfield, Gary; Machado, Penousal

    2015-01-01

    Ant- and ant-colony-inspired ALife art is characterized by the artistic exploration of the emerging collective behavior of computational agents, developed using ants as a metaphor. We present a chronology that documents the emergence and history of such visual art, contextualize ant- and ant-colony-inspired art within generative art practices, and consider how it relates to other ALife art. We survey many of the algorithms that artists have used in this genre, address some of their aims, and explore the relationships between ant- and ant-colony-inspired art and research on ant and ant colony behavior.

  16. Improved Ant Colony Clustering Algorithm and Its Performance Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Wei

    2016-01-01

    Clustering analysis is used in many disciplines and applications; it is an important tool that descriptively identifies homogeneous groups of objects based on attribute values. The ant colony clustering algorithm is a swarm-intelligent method used for clustering problems that is inspired by the behavior of ant colonies that cluster their corpses and sort their larvae. A new abstraction ant colony clustering algorithm using a data combination mechanism is proposed to improve the computational efficiency and accuracy of the ant colony clustering algorithm. The abstraction ant colony clustering algorithm is used to cluster benchmark problems, and its performance is compared with the ant colony clustering algorithm and other methods used in existing literature. Based on similar computational difficulties and complexities, the results show that the abstraction ant colony clustering algorithm produces results that are not only more accurate but also more efficiently determined than the ant colony clustering algorithm and the other methods. Thus, the abstraction ant colony clustering algorithm can be used for efficient multivariate data clustering. PMID:26839533

  17. Neonicotinoid pesticides can reduce honeybee colony genetic diversity.

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    Nadège Forfert

    Full Text Available Neonicotinoid insecticides can cause a variety of adverse sub-lethal effects in bees. In social species such as the honeybee, Apis mellifera, queens are essential for reproduction and colony functioning. Therefore, any negative effect of these agricultural chemicals on the mating success of queens may have serious consequences for the fitness of the entire colony. Queens were exposed to the common neonicotinoid pesticides thiamethoxam and clothianidin during their developmental stage. After mating, their spermathecae were dissected to count the number of stored spermatozoa. Furthermore, their worker offspring were genotyped with DNA microsatellites to determine the number of matings and the genotypic composition of the colony. Colonies providing the male mating partners were also inferred. Both neonicotinoid and control queens mated with drones originating from the same drone source colonies, and stored similar number of spermatozoa. However, queens reared in colonies exposed to both neonicotinoids experienced fewer matings. This resulted in a reduction of the genetic diversity in their colonies (i.e. higher intracolonial relatedness. As decreased genetic diversity among worker bees is known to negatively affect colony vitality, neonicotinoids may have a cryptic effect on colony health by reducing the mating frequency of queens.

  18. Laser-induced speckle scatter patterns in Bacillus colonies

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    Huisung eKim

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Label-free bacterial colony phenotyping technology called BARDOT (BActerial Rapid Detection using Optical scattering Technology provided successful classification of several different bacteria at the genus, species, and serovar level. Recent experiments with colonies of Bacillus species provided strikingly different characteristics of elastic light scatter (ELS patterns, which were comprised of random speckles compared to other bacteria, which are dominated by concentric rings and spokes. Since this laser-based optical sensor interrogates the whole volume of the colony, 3-D information of micro- and macro-structures are all encoded in the far-field scatter patterns. Here, we present a theoretical model explaining the underlying mechanism of the speckle formation by the colonies from Bacillus species. Except for Bacillus polymyxa, all Bacillus spp. produced random bright spots on the imaging plane, which presumably dependent on the cellular and molecular organization and content within the colony. Our scatter model-based analysis revealed that colony spread resulting in variable surface roughness can modify the wavefront of the scatter field. As the center diameter of the Bacillus spp. colony grew from 500 μm to 900 μm, average speckles area decreased 2-fold and the number of small speckles increased 7-fold. In conclusion, as Bacillus colony grows, the average speckle size in the scatter pattern decreases and the number of smaller speckle increases due to the swarming growth characteristics of bacteria within the colony.

  19. Enhancement of erythroid colony growth in culture by hemin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Porter, P.N.; Meints, R.H.; Mesner, K.

    1979-01-01

    Hemin was found to enhance the growth of murine erythroid colonies in culture. In the presence of 100 mU/ml erythropoietin (EPO), the addition of hemin (0.05-0.2 mM) resulted in the growth of twice as many colonies as were obtained with EPO alone. Hemin also significantly increased erythroid colony formation in culture in the absence of added EPO. Hemoblobin synthesis as measured by the incorporation of 59 Fe into cyclohexanone extractable heme was augmented in culture by hemin. Neither Δ-aminolevulinic acid, a hemin precursor, nor FeCl 3 increased colony number. (author)

  20. Rethinking the Colonial State: Configurations of Power, Violence, and Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rud, Søren; Ivarsson, Søren

    2017-01-01

    The main theme of this special volume is the colonial state and its governmental practices. This chapter introduces and contextualizes the contributions by providing a brief induction to recent developments within the study of the colonial state. It then presents the contributions under three per...... perspectives which represent separate yet interrelated themes relevant for the understanding of the colonial state: practices, violence, and agency. Hereby, we also accentuate the value of a non-state-centric approach to the analysis of the colonial state....

  1. Central Asia, Euro-centrism and Colonialism

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    Nargis T. Nurulla-Khodzhaeva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The following article should not be dismissed as yet another attempt to construct a renewed round ofrevisionism in history. On the contrary, it aims to explore the possibility of scaling down the dominant Eurocentric epistemology that served as a basis for a stereotypical frame of knowledge about Central Asia. The majority of researchers of the region do not deem the need to review the scale of contradictory clashes created by the notion of Eurocentrism. The latter is reflected in numerous articles about the frozen (and sadly deadlock dilemma on why and how were the lands of Tajiks, Uzbeks and Kazakhs divided. By publishing conventional analyses on the region's "clumsy separation", experts illustrate their subaltern, narrowly framed by the colonial world, knowledge and hence, remain as gravestones of the Eurocentric methodology. In the process of such explication, the most important role is allocated to the modern culture, which encouraged the formation of the paradox, represented to us via the paraphrased Soviet aphorism: modernity and coloniality are twin brothers. The initiation of the process of decolonizing the mind within the five republics of the region is possible. One of the solutions involves recognizing the integrity of the pluralist-cycled culture and philosophy of the region. The proposed act will allow shrinking the focus on the knowledge within the limited national units and frames (thus, lessening the degree of'fetishism of the national identity', and rather creating conditions for designing the "bridge", linking different cultures, ideologies and institutional spaces in Central Asia, as a transnational intellectual matrix. The aforementioned theory will provide a basis and structure for empirical facts, and, therefore, drive the researchers from merely constituting to critically thinking, and consequently, inspire to come upon new approaches and fields of study, connecting them with the existing, colonial experiences. It is

  2. A política dos homens de cor no tempo da Independência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ubiratan Castro de Araújo

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available O AUTOR analisa o movimento político pelo qual homens negros e pobres manifestaram o seu descontentamento contra a monarquia portuguesa e contra a sociedade escravista na Bahia, em 1798. O regionalismo baiano inspirou a exaltação deste movimento, batizado então de Inconfidência Baiana, mais radical nos propósitos de independência do Brasil e mais republicano do que a Inconfidência Mineira porque portador dos anseios das classes subordinadas do Brasil colonial.THE AUTHOR analyzes the political movement through which poor, black men manifested their discontent with the Portuguese monarchy and the proslavery society of Bahia in 1798. The regionalism of Bahia contributed to the exalted status of this movement, known then as Inconfidência Baiana [Insurrection of Bahia], which was more radical in advocating the independence of Brazil and more republican than the Inconfidência Mineira [Insurrection of Minas] because it embodied the yearnings of colonial Brazil's subordinate classes.

  3. Custo de produção e rentabilidade do maracujazeiro no mercado agroindustrial da Zona da Mata Mineira Cost of production and profitability ofthe passion fruit plant in the agroindustrial market ofthe Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Duarte Pimentel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil é o maior produtor e consumidor mundial de maracujá, porém, nos últimos anos, a agroindústria nacional passou a importar polpa para atender à crescente demanda de sucos (concentrado, integral e néctares. Considerando o polo agroindustrial processador de frutas da Zona da Mata Mineira, observa-se que a demanda de frutas não está sendo totalmente satisfeita, principalmente no caso do maracujá, que é importado in natura de outros estados ou já processado (polpa de outros países, visando à fabricação de suco pronto para beber. Por ser uma cultura de rápido retorno econômico, o maracujazeiro vem despertando interesse dos produtores, mas ainda há carência de informações sobre os custos de produção e sua rentabilidade no mercado agroindustrial, impedindo a expansão da cultura. Com o objetivo de dar um respaldo técnico e econômico para o desenvolvimento da cultura na região, foram estimados os custos de produção e calculados os indicadores econômicos: Valor Presente Líquido (VPL, Taxa Interna de Retorno (TIR e Tempo de Retorno do Capital (TRC. Pelo modelo de análise adotado, pode-se inferir que o cultivo do maracujazeiro é uma atividade rentável e de retorno rápido, sendo considerada uma boa alternativa para investimento na região.Brazil is the largest world producer and consumer of passion fruit, but in the last years, the national industry of juice started to import pulp to assist the crescent demand of juice (concentrated, integral, nectar and tropical juice. Considering the fruit agro-processor cluster from the Zona da Mata Mineira, it is observed that the demand for fruit is not being fully achieved, particularly in the case of passion fruit, which is imported in nature from other states or processed (pulp from other countries, aiming the manufacture of ready to drink juice. Since it is a culture of fast economical return, the passion fruit plant has become attractive for the producers, but there is

  4. Virtual Archaeology in an argentina colonial estancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Vázquez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This is a first approach to the application of virtual reconstruction techniques of a colonial house. In Argentina it is still uncommon to perform 3D modeling of archaeological sites and especially in historical archeology. As a first step, we used the Google SketchUp to model the country house located on the banks of the Río de la Plata (Buenos Aires. It has historical significance because it belonged to a Spanish councilman, housed hundreds of slaves and was the place where stayed the troops that carried out the Second British Invasion of Buenos Aires. In this case, the 3D modeling was useful for evaluating the future excavationa and activities of preservation of cultural heritage.

  5. Optic disc detection using ant colony optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Marcy A.; Monteiro, Fernando C.

    2012-09-01

    The retinal fundus images are used in the treatment and diagnosis of several eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. This paper proposes a new method to detect the optic disc (OD) automatically, due to the fact that the knowledge of the OD location is essential to the automatic analysis of retinal images. Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) is an optimization algorithm inspired by the foraging behaviour of some ant species that has been applied in image processing for edge detection. Recently, the ACO was used in fundus images to detect edges, and therefore, to segment the OD and other anatomical retinal structures. We present an algorithm for the detection of OD in the retina which takes advantage of the Gabor wavelet transform, entropy and ACO algorithm. Forty images of the retina from DRIVE database were used to evaluate the performance of our method.

  6. Modelling the morphology of migrating bacterial colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, A.; Tokihiro, T.; Badoual, M.; Grammaticos, B.

    2010-08-01

    We present a model which aims at describing the morphology of colonies of Proteus mirabilis and Bacillus subtilis. Our model is based on a cellular automaton which is obtained by the adequate discretisation of a diffusion-like equation, describing the migration of the bacteria, to which we have added rules simulating the consolidation process. Our basic assumption, following the findings of the group of Chuo University, is that the migration and consolidation processes are controlled by the local density of the bacteria. We show that it is possible within our model to reproduce the morphological diagrams of both bacteria species. Moreover, we model some detailed experiments done by the Chuo University group, obtaining a fine agreement.

  7. Dynamics of the Presence of Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus in Honey Bee Colonies with Colony Collapse Disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunsheng Hou

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The determinants of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD, a particular case of collapse of honey bee colonies, are still unresolved. Viruses including the Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV were associated with CCD. We found an apiary with colonies showing typical CCD characteristics that bore high loads of IAPV, recovered some colonies from collapse and tested the hypothesis if IAPV was actively replicating in them and infectious to healthy bees. We found that IAPV was the dominant pathogen and it replicated actively in the colonies: viral titers decreased from April to September and increased from September to December. IAPV extracted from infected bees was highly infectious to healthy pupae: they showed several-fold amplification of the viral genome and synthesis of the virion protein VP3. The health of recovered colonies was seriously compromised. Interestingly, a rise of IAPV genomic copies in two colonies coincided with their subsequent collapse. Our results do not imply IAPV as the cause of CCD but indicate that once acquired and induced to replication it acts as an infectious factor that affects the health of the colonies and may determine their survival. This is the first follow up outside the US of CCD-colonies bearing IAPV under natural conditions.

  8. Significado e Percepção de Eutanásia Sob a Óptica de Acadêmicos de Medicina de Uma Cidade Sul Mineira / Significance and Perception of Euthanasia under the Vision of Medical Students in a City in the South of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Aparecida dos Santos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar o significado e a percepção de eutanásia para os acadêmicos de medicina de uma cidade sul mineira. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória, descritiva, qualitativa e transversal. Como método de estudo, foi utilizado o Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo que tem como base a Teoria das Representações Sociais. Resultados: Mostraram que as ideias centrais “Provocar a morte” e “Sou contra” foram de maior prevalência para os acadêmicos de medicina. Conclusão: Depreende-se que é preciso incentivar os profissionais de saúde e acadêmicos a fazerem novas pesquisas sobre o assunto e oferecer subsídios às instituições de saúde para elaborarem junto a Comissão de Ética maneiras de tratar assuntos sobre a eutanásia e os cuidados com os pacientes no final da vida. Objective: Identify the meaning and sense of euthanasia to medical students in a city in the South of Minas Gerais. Materials and Methods: It is a exploratory, descriptive, qualitative and cross-sectional research. As a study method it was used the Discourse of the Collective Subject which is based in the Social Representations Theory. Results: demonstrated that the central ideas “To cause the death” and “I’m against” were the most prevalent among the medical students. Conclusion: It may be concluded that it is necessary to encourage health-care professionals and students to make new researches about this subject and offer subsidies to health facilities in onder to develop, with the ethics committee, ways to deal with topics about euthanasia and care of the terminal patients.

  9. ANÁLISE DA FORMAÇÃO CURRICULAR DOS CURSOS DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO OFERECIDOS POR INSTITUIÇÕES FEDERAIS NA ZONA DA MATA MINEIRA À LUZ DA RESOLUÇÃO CNE/CES N° 4 - DE 13 DE JULHO DE 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Bastos Braga

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available No final do século XIX a administração surge como profissão, no Brasil somente na década de 40 iniciam-se os primeiros cursos. Em voga na nação brasileira pelos os altos salários torna cada vez mais importante a discussão sobre o currículo do administrador. Essa conjuntura contribuiu para o escopo deste artigo, verificar as semelhanças e a adequação a realidade local das matrizes curriculares dos cursos superiores de administração oferecidos por instituições federais na Zona da Mata Mineira. Como uma abordagem teórica fez-se um apanhado histórico dos ciclos dos currículos de administração, sob a luz de autores como Andrade e AMBRONI, culminando em uma análise da legislação vigente. Para tal objetivo, utilizou-se uma abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa, através análise de frequência das cargas horárias dedicadas a cada eixo de competência de acordo com a Resolução CNE/CES n° 4, de 13 de julho de 2005, nos cursos estudados. Os resultados apontaram a presença de grades excessivamente distintas e, em alguns casos, não se preocupando em atender a necessidade local.

  10. Transactions of the Second Annual Congress of the Sociedad Nuclear Mexicana A.C.; Memorias del Segundo Congreso Anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Mexicana A.C.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-11-01

    With no doubt, 1991 has been a good year for Nuclear Energy in Mexico. The record imposed by Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant, the first in his type in the world, operating without interruption in its first operating cycle, represents a splendid incentive for we all the nuclear workers. This fact is reflected in the percentage of papers presented in this congress, dealing with several aspects of Laguna Verde Central. This achievement should serve as an impulse for the development of other areas of application of nuclear energy in the country and at the same time be a reflection of the participation of the members of our society with good quality papers. In this Second Congress of Sociedad Nuclear Mexicana A.C., around thirty papers were presented in the technical sessions, in areas as: fuel management, radiation protection, reactor physics, transients analysis, nuclear materials and others. A special section is dedicated to present the experiences of the first fuel reload of Unit 1 in Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant,as well as different plenary meetings dedicated to subjects of general interest as advanced reactors, waste disposal and others. It is the wish of all the members of Sociedad Nuclear Mexicana A.C., that this annual meetings will be enriched with the enthusiastic participation of the scholars of nuclear field and that they represent the forum that we all need for the exchange of knowledge and experiences. (Author).

  11. Between Past and Present: The Sociopsychological Constructs of Colonialism, Coloniality and Postcolonialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomicic, Ana; Berardi, Filomena

    2018-03-01

    If one of the major aspirations of postcolonial theory is to re-establish a balance in the relationship between the (former) colonizer and the colonized by engaging the voices of the "subaltern", and on the other hand to illuminate how power relations of the present are embedded in history (Mills 2007), we argue that important theoretical insights might inform research by anchoring post-colonial theory within a sociopsychological framework. While there is a growing corpus of sociopsychological research articles focusing on how major geopolitical events and historical processes bear on people's lives, we aim to investigate the theoretical potential of postcolonial theory within the disciplines aiming at a sociopsychological approach. By focusing on the social dynamics of power imbalances, post-colonial theory finds its operational meaning: the feelings stemming from actions committed in the past are indeed crucial in determining reparatory attitudes and policies towards members of former colonized groups. Firstly, drawing from the sociopsychological scientific production related to consequences of colonial past, seen in recent years as a growing research interest in the field, we will explore patterns and trends through a thematic analysis of literature. Social Psychology as well as adjacent disciplines can greatly benefit from this theoretical fertilization, especially in the way post-colonial ideologies relate to the symbolic promotion versus exclusion of indigenous culture (Sengupta et al., International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36(4), 506-517, 2012). Furthermore, by comparing and contrasting the ideological cosmologies relating to this particular topic, this study aims to establish the state of knowledge in the field, to identify how research methods and thematic fields are paired, to find "gaps" and create spaces for research that become integrative of postcolonial theory. While focusing on academic production, we also hope to contribute to develop

  12. El declive de un convento o el fin de un modelo de relaciones Iglesia, política y sociedad en Nueva Granada, 1820-1863

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiilliam Elvis Plata Quezada

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Los años que van entre la Guerra de Independencia (1810-1819 y mediados del siglo XIX,  corresponden a un período de grave crisis y declive de las comunidades y órdenes  religiosas establecidas en el país. Tal crisis fue alentada al promoverse nuevas estructuras  de corte moderno en las relaciones político–religiosas, que provocó asimismo la desarticulación interna de las órdenes religiosas existentes en la época. En este artículo, basado en fuentes primarias, se analizarán los principales elementos que constituyeron dicha crisis, a través del estudio de caso de la Orden Dominicana, siguiendo la hipótesis de  que todo ello no representaba otra cosa que la rápida disolución del hasta entonces exitoso modelo de alianza entre los conventos y las élites criollas a través de vínculos corporativos y clientelistas, los cuales habían constituido la base del sistema de cristiandad colonial. Tras esta disolución quedó latente la necesidad de configurar un nuevo modelo de relaciones entre  Iglesia, sociedad y Estado, que se va a gestar a partir de la Regeneración (1885-1900.

  13. Colonial Modernity and the African Worldview: Theorising and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    concept of hegemony and Jean and John Comaroff's concept of cultural and colonial encounters are used to assist in teasing out deeper meaning in the encounter between the Ndebele and the early Christian missionaries prior to inscription of settler colonialism in the area lying between the Limpopo and Zambezi Rivers.

  14. Embodying colonial photography: remembering violence in Tabee Toean

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijl, P.

    2011-01-01

    This article is about bodily interactions with photographs. Taking an interview with a veteran from the Dutch colonial army filmed for the documentary Tabee Toean (1995) as its case study, it focuses on the ways in which this man frames these images of colonial warfare through three types of bodily

  15. Mass spectral molecular networking of living microbial colonies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Watrous, J.; Roach, P.; Alexandrov, T.; Heath, B.S.; Yang, J.Y.; Kersten, R.D.; Voort, van der M.; Pogliano, K.; Gross, H.; Raaijmakers, J.; Moore, B.S.; Laskin, J.; Bandeira, N.; Dorrestein, P.C.

    2012-01-01

    Integrating the governing chemistry with the genomics and phenotypes of microbial colonies has been a “holy grail” in microbiology. This work describes a highly sensitive, broadly applicable, and cost-effective approach that allows metabolic profiling of live microbial colonies directly from a Petri

  16. Colony differences in termiticide transfer studies, a role for behavior?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas Shelton

    2010-01-01

    Donor-recipient termiticide transfer laboratory tests were performed by using destructive sampling with two delayed-action non-repellent (DANR) termiticides against each of three colonies of Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar). Two of the three colonies showed no response to indoxacarb, but all three showed a response to chlorantraniliprole. These results indicate that...

  17. Occurrence of Nosema species in honey bee colonies in Kenya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    While honey bee colonies in North America and Europe are in decline due to parasites and ... Infections levels were higher in the coastal region than in the interior. ... of the impact of this pathogen to the Kenyan honey bee colonies with a view of ... Senegal (6); Sierra Leone (1); South Africa (96); South Sudan (1); Sudan (3) ...

  18. Colony strength and queen replacement in Melipona marginata (Apidae: Meliponini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. de M. P. Kleinert

    Full Text Available Physogastric queens of Melipona marginata were removed from their colonies in order to verify the acceptance of a new queen by workers. Colony strength was evaluated according to queen oviposition rate and comb diameters. Replacement was observed seven times. Its occurrence and speed related positively to colony strength, independently of queen's age. In weak colonies, queen replacement was observed only once, following colony population increase that occurred after introduction of combs from another colony. Worker oviposition after queen removal was observed three times: in a strong colony with virgin queens and males, and in two of the weak colonies. In the first two or three days of new queen oviposition, during which most of the eggs were eaten by the queen, worker oviposition preceded almost all provisioning and oviposition processes (POPs. After this period, worker oviposition decreased until it reached around 25% of the POPs. Daily oviposition rate of young queens decreased or was even interrupted by hatching of their first brood.

  19. Cormorants as visitors in the Vorsø colony

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnballe, Thomas; Vinas, Marta Mas; Gregersen, Jens

    2011-01-01

    Like other seabirds Great Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis are known to prospect in potential breeding colonies during their first years of life before they settle to breed. Based on daily resightings of colour-ringed cormorants in the old Vorsø colony we examined the difference between...

  20. Colonial Military Intelligence in the Zulu Rebellion, 1906 | Thompson ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the Zulu Rebellion of 1906, the Natal Militia defeated the Zulu rebels without British imperial forces having to intervene in the conflict. The colonial forces were well adapted to the local circumstances, but in one important respect they drew heavily on imperial experience, namely military field intelligence. Colonial military ...

  1. Colonial conquest in central Madagascar : who resisted what?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellis, S.; Abbink, G.J.; Bruijn, M.E. de.; Walraven, van K.

    2003-01-01

    A rising against French colonial rule in central Madagascar (1895-1898) appeared in the 1970s as a good example of resistance to colonialism, sparked by France's occupation of Madagascar. Like many similar episodes in other parts of Africa, it was a history that appeared, in the light of later

  2. Breeding site selection by colonial waterbirds given various ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The number of active colonial waterbird nests at a series of four small constructed wetlands in Cape Town was counted monthly from 1999 to 2008. In total 491 pairs belonging to 11 waterbird species were involved. Between 1997 and 2004 a number of different artificial structures were used to attract colonial waterbirds to ...

  3. Indian Education in the American Colonies, 1607-1783.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szasz, Margaret Connell

    Indian schooling in colonial America was continuously immersed in the exchange between cultures that involved religion, land ownership, disease, alcohol, and warfare, and was molded by trade in furs and hides, and Indian slaves. In the past two decades American scholars have begun to reinterpret colonial North American Indian history and the…

  4. Generation of mutation hotspots in ageing bacterial colonies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sekowska, Agnieszka; Wendel, Sofie; Nørholm, Morten

    How do ageing bacterial colonies generate adaptive mutants? Over a period of two months, we isolated on ageing colonies outgrowing mutants able to use a new carbon source, and sequenced their genomes. This allowed us to uncover exquisite details on the molecular mechanism behind their adaptation:...

  5. 'Mill's Liberal Project and Defence of Colonialism from a Post ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It aims to show that Mill's views on colonial rule were largely informed by his principle of liberty which, in turn, was based on his qualitative utilitarianism. The driving force behind his colonialism, as with his work in general, was his unwavering belief in the importance of human progress and development. Mill never believed ...

  6. Heralding the Other: Sousa, Simulacra, and Settler Colonialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Matthew C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper addresses the role of music and music education in the perpetuation of settler colonialism (a particular colonial configuration predicated on the expulsion of indigenous people and occupation of indigenous land) within the United States. Using Baudrillard's notion of simulacra, or "false truths," to look at racialized…

  7. Countering Coloniality in Educational Research: From Ownership to Answerability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    In this theoretical article, I argue for a relational stance on learning as a way of reckoning with educational research as part of the settler colonial structure of the United States. Because of my geopolitical location to the United States as a settler colony, I begin by contrasting the stances of anticolonial and decolonial. I then analyze the…

  8. Toxoplasmosis in a colony of New World monkeys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dietz, H.H.; Henriksen, P.; Bille-Hansen, Vivi

    1997-01-01

    In a colony of New World monkeys five tamarins (Saguinus oedipus, Saguinus labiatus and Leontopithecus rosal. rosal.), three marmosets (Callithrix jacchus and Callithrix pygmaea) and one saki (Pithecia pithecia) died suddenly. The colony comprised 16 marmosets, 10 tamarins and three sakis. The ma...

  9. The challenges of sustainable development in post-colonial African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The challenges of sustainable development in post-colonial African states: a review of Adamu Usman's Sieged. ... This paper discusses and contributes to debates on the critical governance challenges faced by post-colonial African states such as bribery and corruption, lack of democratic and participatory governance, ...

  10. Aportaciones de las personas mayores a la sociedad: Análisis sociológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª TERESA BAZO

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se exponen algunos resultados de una investigación sobre actividad en la vejez y contribuciones de las personas jubiladas a la sociedad, realizada por la autora con una muestra de más de 60 personas, la mayor parte jubiladas y otras expertas en distintas áreas, residentes en el País Vasco, Navarra, Barcelona, Madrid y Zaragoza. se ha utilizado la entrevista en profundidad semiestructurada y la entrevista de grupo. los resultados expuestos son relativos, sobre todo, a las actividades altruistas de las personas jubiladas, asi como algunas contribuciones al bienestar económico de la sociedad. una conclusión es que las nuevas personas jubiladas solo necesitan oportunidades para desarrollar todo su potencial. el resto lo ponen ellas.

  11. La protección social en una sociedad de semejantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Castel

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios que durante las tres últimas décadas han afectado al estatuto del empleo y las protecciones, a él asociadas, han generado una creciente sensación de inseguridad en las sociedades occidentales. El profesor Castel, tomando como ejemplo el caso francés, examina este fenómeno proponiendo en primer lugar una distinción básica entre inseguridad civil e inseguridad social. Posteriormente se concentra en el segundo tipo de inseguridad y reflexiona sobre los cambios económicos y sociales que acarrea la presente preponderancia del "trabajo flexible". El artículo llama así la atención sobre los peligros de una visión unilateral y simplista de la sociedad y el Estado y sobre el papel determinante que juega la propiedad social en la construcción de una verdadera democracia.

  12. Anglicismos y aculturación en la sociedad chilena (English loanwords: acculturation in chilean society)

    OpenAIRE

    Constanza Gerding Salas; Mary Fuentes Morrison; Gabriela Kotz Grabole

    2012-01-01

    La implementación del modelo económico neoliberal estadounidense enChile hace cuatro décadas y la participación del país en la globalización han provocado cambios fundamentales en la sociedad. De hecho, los efectos de la adopción de dicho paradigma se reflejan en diversos ámbitos, incluido el del uso de la lengua. Por esta razón, resulta de interés para lingüistas y traductores indagar acerca de la influencia del idioma inglés y de la cultura estadounidense en la sociedad chilena. De allí que...

  13. Analfabetismo tecnológico en la sociedad de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Antonio Rojo Villada

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las nuevas tecnologías han convulsionado la vieja sociedad industrial, forjando nuevas relaciones económicas. El reto de la Sociedad de la Información es más un desafío cultural y social que puramente tecnológico. Las nuevas tecnologías de la información se están convirtiendo en un factor de referencia fundamental para la época de transición y crisis como la que se vive hoy. Todas las prospectivas parecen prever que en el futuro las redes de comunicación serán impulsadoras de cambios en el sistema socio económico de las naciones. Sin embargo la complejidad intrínseca a las nuevas tecnologías acaba generando analfabetismo tecnológico que excluye a grandes sectores de la población.

  14. Economía o sociedad de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Fernando Cardona

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad los países desarrollados se encuentran en una sociedad de la información representada por organizaciones inteligentes, ciudadanos informados y un sector de la información emergente. Es importante identificar el impacto que tiene para los países en sus diferentes niveles el uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (TIC y evaluar si se encuentran en el estadio de la sociedad o sólo han llegado al de la economía de la información, porque de ello depende la definición de los requerimientos que los gobiernos deben suplir.

  15. Las políticas públicas en la sociedad globalizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Isabel Gomez Lee

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available En estos días los retos económicos, ambientales y políticos, tales como la falta de una balanceada integración del mercado global y la incertidumbre de la sustentabilidad de la vida en el planeta, hacen imprescindible replantear el rol del Estado. El análisis de las políticas públicas es la disciplina que permite adoptar conocimiento sobre la sociedad civil global a partir del análisis de sus actuaciones concretas. El Estado debe reconocerse a sí mismo como actor posicional en la sociedad civil global, y redireccionar la globalización a una cara más humana y extrahumana. En términos generales el presente artículo se refiere a esta temática basándose en los trabajos de Joseph Stiglitz, Hans Jonas y otros autores.

  16. O Homem Pós-Moderno como Vítima Colateral da Sociedade de Consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Baldissera

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo investigar se os padrões determinados pela sociedade de consumidores trazem impactos negativos ao ser humano enquanto ator social. Nesse sentido, por meio do método dedutivo e da técnica bibliográfica, discorre-se sobre o fato de o consumo ser um novo valor social e analisa-se quem seriam as vítimas colaterais da atual sociedade de consumo. Assim, ao verificar que as ações humanas estão sendo orientadas por mandamentos consumistas, reconhece-se a importância de uma educação para o consumo consciente e sustentável como pressuposto para aperfeiçoar um desenvolvimento humano mais responsável, pautado na igualdade e justiça social.

  17. Es que vamos hacia una sociedad de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. José Manuel de Pablos Coello

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad de la información que se avecina la transparencia es una de las claves. A través de la pequeña pantalla de la nueva tecnología telefónica, el usuario empieza a disfrutar de un primer estadio de interactividad digital. Otra de las características es la apertura de la tecnología hacia nuevas formas de operaciones y operadores. El temor que expresa el autor es el uso abusivo que las empresas puedan hacer de los datos manifestados de una llamada telefónica. Considera que es ahí donde ha de actuar el legislador para evitar que se haga un uso económico de datos ajenos, pero no impidiendo la glassnot de la sociedad de la información, todavía en etapa infantil y débil.

  18. Sociedad, epistemología y metodología en Boaventura de Sousa Santos

    OpenAIRE

    Helder Alejandro Binimelis-Espinoza; Andrés Roldán Tonioni

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo de esta publicación es analizar la obra de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, especialmente su comprensión de las sociedades contemporáneas y los desafíos epistemológicos y metodológicos actuales. Mediante una revisión documental de su obra y aportes críticos de otros autores, se distingue su comprensión crítica y utópica de las sociedades actuales, y la necesidad de renovación de los procesos de construcción de conocimiento. Los aportes de este trabajo son, por una parte, integrar la cr...

  19. The Colonial Situation: Complicities and Distinctions from the Surrealist Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pablo Gómez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In this work, taking as baseline the thought of Aimé Césaire and Franz Fanon —keeping in mind the closeness of the Negritude movement with surrealism—, we propose to approach the modernity/coloniality problem, appealing to the denominated surrealist image of beauty. In the first part the colonial situation is approached, in the second the colonial situation from the logic of surrealist image, and in the third the possibility of a decolonial universal or pluriversal is raised. In general terms, exploring the existent link between the “surrealist image” and the colonial structure of modernity —that generates the denominated colonial situation—, we aspire to approach what could be a decolonial aesthetic that, as general problem, will be tackled in later works.

  20. Leisure, economy and colonial urbanism: Darjeeling, 1835–1930

    Science.gov (United States)

    BHATTACHARYA, NANDINI

    2013-01-01

    This article posits that the hill station of Darjeeling was a unique form of colonial urbanism. It shifts historiographical interest from major urban centres in colonial India (such as Bombay or Calcutta) and instead attempts a greater understanding of smaller urban centres. In the process, it also interrogates the category of hill stations, which have been understood as exotic and scenic sites rather than as towns that were integral to the colonial economy. In arguing that hill stations, particularly Darjeeling, were not merely the scenic and healthy ‘other’ of the clamorous, dirty and diseased plains of India, it refutes suggestions that the ‘despoiling’ or overcrowding of Darjeeling was incremental to the purposes of its establishment. Instead, it suggests that Darjeeling was part of the colonial mainstream; its urbanization and inclusion into the greater colonial economy was effected from the time of its establishment. Therefore, a constant tension between its exotic and its functional elements persisted throughout. PMID:24273391

  1. Leisure, economy and colonial urbanism: Darjeeling, 1835-1930.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, Nandini

    2013-08-01

    This article posits that the hill station of Darjeeling was a unique form of colonial urbanism. It shifts historiographical interest from major urban centres in colonial India (such as Bombay or Calcutta) and instead attempts a greater understanding of smaller urban centres. In the process, it also interrogates the category of hill stations, which have been understood as exotic and scenic sites rather than as towns that were integral to the colonial economy. In arguing that hill stations, particularly Darjeeling, were not merely the scenic and healthy 'other' of the clamorous, dirty and diseased plains of India, it refutes suggestions that the 'despoiling' or overcrowding of Darjeeling was incremental to the purposes of its establishment. Instead, it suggests that Darjeeling was part of the colonial mainstream; its urbanization and inclusion into the greater colonial economy was effected from the time of its establishment. Therefore, a constant tension between its exotic and its functional elements persisted throughout.

  2. A Comunicação Corporativa e a Sociedade Contemporânea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Pinto de Almeida

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a comunicação corporativa na sociedade contemporânea, ressaltando as transformações do capitalismo na virada do milênio, a revolução da tecnologia da informação e a emergência da sociedade de controle, a partir de diferentes autores como Castells, Deleuze, Lazzarato, dentre outros.   Discutimos a relação entre informação e sociedade, o conceito de informação e sua importância para a atualidade, chamando a atenção para a relação entre valor, informação e cultura. Ao trazer a reflexão deleuziana sobre conceito de sociedade de controle como decorrente da crise das instituições e do avanço das tecnologias informacionais, e de Lazzarato, sobre a noopolítica, destacamos que o trabalho das corporações deve antecipar a demanda, fazendo-a acontecer.          Frente às exigências de rapidez, eficiência e o endividamento contínuo na atualidade, apontamos a comunicação corporativa como aquela que vem tomar a necessidade de criação de um público, de uma clientela, de uma demanda. Por fim, destacamos que as organizações que aprendem e a educação corporativa são algumas respostas às exigências da contemporaneidade, enfatizando a comunicação corporativa como uma das ferramentas que as empresas se valem na busca de sobrevivência e sucesso.

  3. Iridovirus and microsporidian linked to honey bee colony decline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bromenshenk, Jerry J; Henderson, Colin B; Wick, Charles H; Stanford, Michael F; Zulich, Alan W; Jabbour, Rabih E; Deshpande, Samir V; McCubbin, Patrick E; Seccomb, Robert A; Welch, Phillip M; Williams, Trevor; Firth, David R; Skowronski, Evan; Lehmann, Margaret M; Bilimoria, Shan L; Gress, Joanna; Wanner, Kevin W; Cramer, Robert A

    2010-10-06

    In 2010 Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), again devastated honey bee colonies in the USA, indicating that the problem is neither diminishing nor has it been resolved. Many CCD investigations, using sensitive genome-based methods, have found small RNA bee viruses and the microsporidia, Nosema apis and N. ceranae in healthy and collapsing colonies alike with no single pathogen firmly linked to honey bee losses. We used Mass spectrometry-based proteomics (MSP) to identify and quantify thousands of proteins from healthy and collapsing bee colonies. MSP revealed two unreported RNA viruses in North American honey bees, Varroa destructor-1 virus and Kakugo virus, and identified an invertebrate iridescent virus (IIV) (Iridoviridae) associated with CCD colonies. Prevalence of IIV significantly discriminated among strong, failing, and collapsed colonies. In addition, bees in failing colonies contained not only IIV, but also Nosema. Co-occurrence of these microbes consistently marked CCD in (1) bees from commercial apiaries sampled across the U.S. in 2006-2007, (2) bees sequentially sampled as the disorder progressed in an observation hive colony in 2008, and (3) bees from a recurrence of CCD in Florida in 2009. The pathogen pairing was not observed in samples from colonies with no history of CCD, namely bees from Australia and a large, non-migratory beekeeping business in Montana. Laboratory cage trials with a strain of IIV type 6 and Nosema ceranae confirmed that co-infection with these two pathogens was more lethal to bees than either pathogen alone. These findings implicate co-infection by IIV and Nosema with honey bee colony decline, giving credence to older research pointing to IIV, interacting with Nosema and mites, as probable cause of bee losses in the USA, Europe, and Asia. We next need to characterize the IIV and Nosema that we detected and develop management practices to reduce honey bee losses.

  4. La Sociedad de Autores Españoles (1899-1932

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Sánchez García

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante ia úitima parte dei sigio xix ios autores españoies iniciaron un movimiento asociativo en defensa de sus derechos como profesionales. El proceso culminó en la fundación de la Sociedad de Autores Españoles (precedente de la actual Sociedad General de Autores Españoles. El objetivo principal de la SAE fue conseguir para los autores la administración y gestión de los derectios derivados de sus composiciones musicales y teatrales, lo que tuvo una gran importancia en un momento en que se estaban transformando las formas de ocio en nuestro país. Estas páginas pretenden llevar a cabo un repaso de su organización, sus logros y su evolución desde 1899 hasta 1932.During the last part of xix century, Spanish authors started a movement looking after their rights as professionals in pursuit of assoclations to defend them. The process finished in the foundation of the Sociedad de Autores Españoles (precedent of the SGAE. The principal objective of the SAE was to obtain the right to manage and to negotiate their own works and compositions. This was a very important sucess because of the change of leisure in Spain. In these pages, I will try to study the organization, the achievements and the evolution of the SAE from 1899 to 1932.

  5. Modelos matemáticos de la sociedad y aplicaciones Líderes sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio de la Peña

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Revisamos someramente las teorías de liderazgo del siglo XIX, que enfatizan las características individuales del líder, y las teorías emanadas de los enfoques de Lewin y Weber, ya en el siglo XX, que enfatizan las relaciones del líder con el grupo en que asume su papel. En nuestro modelo de red social S hay nodos (individuos que tienen mayor influencia, medida por el flujo de caminos que pasa por ellos. Así, matemáticamente un líder j corresponde a un nodo de la red donde un vector propio positivo v, correspondiente al radio espectral r(S de la matriz A(S de la red, alcanza su máximo. Si llamamos a vx el poder de x, entonces se demuestra que el poder de un nodo es proporcional al poder de sus vecinos. Hay sociedades donde más de un líder existe, un ejemplo típico lo tenemos en las sociedades tribales. Estas sociedades presentan mayor inestabilidad como consecuencia de la búsqueda de la supremacía entre los posibles líderes.

  6. Contenidos digitales abierto y participación en la sociedad digital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Álvarez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es identificar y caracterizar la naturaleza de los procesos y contenidos abiertos enla participación de los individuos y colectivos en la sociedad digital. El trabajo realizado parte de una contextualizaciónteórica de los elementos que componen el objeto de estudio en el proceso de investigación y facilitar así, la comprensióny alcance de sus resultados. La metodología empleada es de corte cualitativo basado en el estudio de casos, centradoen el análisis de los recursos, estrategias y procesos cuando se produce, selecciona y difunden contenidos abiertosen la sociedad digital. Los resultados de este trabajo describen los fenómenos y vías de participación en la culturadigital; basados en el contexto de la cultura libre, se usan conceptos como: "contenidos generados por los usuarios oespectadores", "financiación de la multitud" y "producción de la gente común". Las conclusiones que pueden extraersede esta multiplicación de medios se resumen en el creciente potencial de los contenidos abiertos para generar recursosy modelos de participación en la sociedad digital.

  7. DESENVOLVIMENTO MORAL E A FRAGMENTAÇÃO DE UMA SOCIEDADE PÓS-MODERNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Guimarães de Azevedo de Araújo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.12957/periferia.2016.24747O artigo tem como objetivo mostrar ao leitor uma estrutura de estudos, que levaram a uma teoria universal e estruturalista do desenvolvimento moral das pessoas e da sociedade, e ao mesmo tempo demonstrar a que ponto chegamos. São apresentados estudos que contemplam desde a formação de uma moral universal e estruturalista, com o pensamento do filósofo Immanuel Kant e sua influência para a teoria de Piaget e Kholberg, no desenvolvimento moral de uma pessoa dividida em seus específicos estágios, até os estudos atuais que mostram as conclusões de Bauman sobre a sociedade pós-moderna e suas implicações no âmbito social e pessoal. As consequências de uma fragmentação social em vários aspectos são colocadas à mostra a fim de chamar a atenção do leitor para ter consciência e percepção de sua existência. Um excesso de contradições é posto para o leitor confrontar com a pós-modernidade um quadro negativo de ações presentes, e levar à reflexão do que pode ser alcançado diante do que nós temos atualmente na nossa sociedade.

  8. La inclusión educativa: Una tarea que le compete a toda una sociedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Soto Calderón

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se escribe con referencia a las ideas acerca del proceso de integración e inclusión de personas con necesidades educativas especiales al aula. Se señala cómo la sociedad debe involucrarse para hacer de la integración una realidad, y cómo estas experiencias deben posibilitar el que haya estudiantes con NEE incluidos en clases regulares. También, con el fin de construir un proceso de inclusión en ambientes institucionales, este artículo recoge aspectos que deben ser imperativos de acción para las instituciones educativas, sean de primaria o secundaria, y de este modo, ofrecerles a todos los estudiantes, con o sin discapacidad (necesidades educativas especiales, la posibilidad de involucrarse en programas educacionales, y ayudarles a ser parte de la sociedad en diferentes formas: como estudiante, trabajador o miembro de la familia en la cual viven. En otras palabras, este artículo se escribe con la idea de hacer conciencia social sobre el papel que la institución educativa tiene, sobre todo, en cuanto a proporcionar oportunidades equitativas de progreso a todos los miembros de la sociedad; en un marco de respeto hacia las diferencias.

  9. La inclusión educativa: una tarea que le compete a toda una sociedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soto Calderón, Ronald

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se escribe con referencia a las ideas acerca del proceso de integración e inclusión de personas con necesidades educativas especiales al aula. Se señala cómo la sociedad debe involucrarse para hacer de la integración una realidad, y cómo estas experiencias deben posibilitar el que haya estudiantes con NEE incluidos en clases regulares. También, con el fin de construir un proceso de inclusión en ambientes institucionales, este artículo recoge aspectos que deben ser imperativos de acción para las instituciones educativas, sean de primaria o secundaria, y de este modo, ofrecerles a todos los estudiantes, con o sin discapacidad (necesidades educativas especiales, la posibilidad de involucrarse en programas educacionales, y ayudarles a ser parte de la sociedad en diferentes formas: como estudiante, trabajador o miembro de la familia en la cual viven. En otras palabras, este artículo se escribe con la idea de hacer conciencia social sobre el papel que la institución educativa tiene, sobre todo, en cuanto a proporcionar oportunidades equitativas de progreso a todos los miembros de la sociedad; en un marco de respeto hacia las diferencias.

  10. O ser humano da sociedade capitalista na concepção de Erich Fromm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmilson Ferreira Marques

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

    A proposta deste texto é buscar na psicanálise pensada e desenvolvida por Erich Fromm elementos para se pensar o ser humano da sociedade capitalista. Erich Fromm, dentre a maioria dos psicanalistas existentes, desde Freud, procurou desenvolver suas pesquisas e reflexões a partir da “psicanálise humanista”, oferecendo, assim, recursos heurísticos fundamentais para se pensar a vida na sociedade. Nesse sentido, propomos analisar primeiramente o seu método de análise, a partir do qual acreditamos ser fundamental para compreender o procedimento teórico/metodológico que utilizava para pensar os temas por ele abordados, e, nesse sentido, encontrar o caminho a ser percorrido na busca em seu pensamento da seguinte questão: como abordar a partir de seu ponto de vista, o ser humano da sociedade capitalista? Enfim, propomos uma avaliação da própria teoria de Fromm, apontando suas principais contribuições.

  11. Cultura y sociedad en la era global. Entre gregarios y virtuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Pérez Jiménez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de globalización han transformado el tejido social moderno, determinando en gran medida las prácticas de significación cultural del siglo XXI. Hoy día existe un nuevo orden social definido por la franca separación entre poderosos y desfavorecidos como consecuencia de la incorporación de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC. Este trabajo cumple con el propósito de analizar la dinámica cultural y social en la era global desde la concepción de la membresía que originan las TIC en los colectivos sociales. Enfatizando sobre la morfología cultural y del espacio social, así como en los valores globales y su impacto en la construcción de las sociedades latinoamericanas democráticas, en el marco de la dialéctica global-local. Para ello se hace énfasis en los aportes del enfoque ciencia-tecnología-y-sociedad (CTS para explicar la vinculación del desarrollo tecnocientífico con las sociedades locales.

  12. For the youth : juvenile delinquency, colonial civil society and the late colonial state in the Netherlands Indies, 1872-1942

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dirks, Annelieke

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation project focuses on forced re-education policies for juvenile delinquents in the Netherlands Indies (now Indonesia) and uses this topic to show the interaction between a 'modernizing' Dutch colonial state and the growth of a colonial civil society, between approximately 1872 and

  13. Collective Memories of Portuguese Colonial Action in Africa: Representations of the Colonial Past among Mozambicans and Portuguese Youths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Feijó

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Social representations of the colonization and decolonization processes among young people from a former European colonial power (Portugal and from an African ex-colony (Mozambique were investigated through surveys using open- and closed-ended questions about national history, focusing on the identity functions of collective memories. Hegemonic and contested representations were found of the most prominent events related to Portuguese colonization of Mozambique, arousing a range of collective emotions. A central place is occupied by memories of the Colonial War, which ended with the Carnation Revolution in Portugal and the subsequent independence of the Portuguese African colonies. Overall, the depiction of colonialism was more negative for Mozambican than for Portuguese participants. The violent effects of colonial action were very salient in Mozambican memories, which stressed the most oppressive aspects of the colonial period, associated with slave trade and brutal repression. On the Portuguese side, the idealization of the voyages of discovery persisted, obscuring the most violent effects of colonial expansion. However, collective memories of colonization of former colonizer and former colonized do not simply stand opposed. Both Mozambican and Portuguese participants reported ambivalent feelings towards the colonization process.

  14. Mem and Cookie: The Colonial Kitchen in Malaysia and Singapore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Leong-Salobir

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the emergence of a distinctive colonial cuisine in the British colonies of Malaysia and Singapore beginning in the late nineteenth century. This colonial cuisine evolved over time and was a combination of culinary practices derived from European and Asian foodways, much of which came from colonial India. As in India, this acculturation developed through the reliance of colonizers on their domestic servants for food preparation. While domestic servants (as cooks, or known locally as “cookie” were generally represented as dirty, dishonest and lacking in intelligence according to colonial narratives, they were responsible for the preparation of food for the family. Asian cooks in the colonial home played a much more crucial role than the negative image painted of them by British colonizers and other historians. While the mem (short for memsahib, meaning mistress held the supervisory role of the household, it was the physical contribution of the domestic servants that enabled her to fulfill this function. The large number of servants employed enabled the mem to make the colonial home move seamlessly between the private domain of the home and the official venue for the empire’s tasks. The mem as the head of the household decided on the rituals and tasks that defined the colonial space as home, and as a bastion of white imperialism. In contrast, it was the cooks’ local knowledge that procured food. Most kitchens were fashioned according to the requirements of the servants and the cooks did all the cooking, usually preparing local dishes. The argument is that, had it not been for the servants’ input, the mems would have had to work harder. As it was, the work of the servants not only saved white labour, it helped shape colonial culture, despite the Britons’ best efforts to keep themselves socially distant. Colonial cuisine would not have developed with such distinctive features without the skills and local knowledge of

  15. A atuação do turismólogo na sociedade da informação

    OpenAIRE

    Cristine Fabris; Fabiano Couto Corrêa da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Este trabalho aborda a importância dos serviços oferecidos pelo turismólogo como mediador de informações personalizadas para o exercício de sua profissão. O artigo inicia com os conceitos de sociedade da informação e o papel do turismólogo na conjuntura que caracteriza este tipo de sociedade. Por fim, são analisadas as interfaces de sua função com outros profissionais para atender a demanda informacional dos seus usuários, alimentando a cadeia produtiva da sociedade da informação....

  16. La educación en el marco de una sociedad global: algunos principios y nuevas exigencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Tejada Fernández

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo sobre la «Educación en el marco de una sociedad global: principios y nuevas exigencias», pretende centrar algunas de los rasgos de la sociedad actual (globalización, multiculturalismo, revolución tecnológica e incertidumbre a partir de los cuales ha de operar la educación. Esto conlleva un conjunto de cambios (estructurales y en la propia práctica, fundamentados en nuevos principios, y por tanto, nuevas exigencias para que la educación pueda dar respuesta en dicha sociedad.

  17. From Sarmiento to Martí and Hostos: Extricating the Nation from Coloniality

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    Thomas Ward

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article examines constructions of  race, nation and mestizaje in work of Domingo  Faustino Sarmiento, José Martí and Eugenio  Maria de Hostos. The first championed the prevailing nineteenth-century view that humanity  was being debilitated by a constant battle between  civilization and barbarism while the two Antilleans questioned it in their search for a society  liberated from coloniality. Martí denied the notion  of privilege based on Europeanness, proclaiming  that whites, blacks, indigenous and mixed-race  peoples could all claim equal rights under natural  law. Hostos agreed with Martí but took his recommendation one step further by proposing race  mixing, with all ethnic groups equally forming a  new society. Therefore Martí’s negation of racial  differences becomes with Hostos a quest for a  society that would eventually become homogeneous through miscegenation. The study concludes  that there is a timelessness inherent to Martí and  Hostos’s work that still speaks to us today in the  midst of a new awareness of ethnicity’s impact on  society. Resumen:De Sarmiento a Martí y Hostos: Rescatando al país de la colonialidadEl presente artículo examina las construcciones de  raza, nación y mestizaje en las obras de Domingo  Faustino Sarmiento, José Martí y Eugenio María de  Hostos. El primero defendía la construcción deci monónica de que la humanidad había sido debilitada por una constante batalla entre civilización y  barbarie mientras los dos antillanos la cuestionaban  en su búsqueda de una sociedad libre de la colonialidad. Martí niega la noción de privilegio basado en  lo europeo y proclama que los blancos, negros,  indígenas y personas de raza mezclada podrían  reclamar la igualdad de derechos bajo leyes naturales. Hostos estuvo de acuerdo con Martí pero llevó  su recomendación un paso más allá, proponiendo  que la mezcla de razas, con todos los grupos

  18. BIOETICA Y ORGANIZACION FUNCIONAL DE LA SOCIEDAD BIOÉTICA E ORGANIZAÇÃO FUNCIONAL DA SOCIEDADE BIOETHICS AND SOCIETY’S FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Morandé Court

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El intercambio interdisciplinario de la bioética, difícil y laborioso, es el objeto de este articulo. Reflexiona, en particular, sobre dos temáticas. En primer lugar, respecto de la eventual novedad y creatividad de la bioética desde el punto de vista del pensamiento. Esta reflexión se desarrolla esencialmente en el ámbito de la filosofía, a través de una pregunta que orienta el análisis: ¿qué agrega la bioética al tradicional debate ético que se ha producido en el seno de todas las culturas? En segundo lugar, por medio de un enfoque de tipo sociológico, sobre el espacio que ocupa la bioética en una sociedad multifuncional. En esta perspectiva, este texto se interroga sobre la posibilidad de desarrollar un concepto de bioética que abarque el conjunto de la sociedad, es decir, que genere la misma legitimidad y estima en todos los sectores funcionalmente diferenciadosO intercambio interdisciplinar da Bioética, difícil e laborioso, é o objeto desse artigo. Em particular, faz reflexão sobre duas temáticas. Em primeiro lugar, aborda a eventual novidade e criatividade da Bioética sob o ponto de vista do pensamento. Esta reflexão desenvolve-se essencialmente no âmbito da filosofia, através de uma questão: o que acrescenta a Bioética ao tradicional debate ético que tem ocorrido no seio de todas as culturas? Em segundo lugar, busca-se identificar o enfoque sociológico considerando o espaço que ocupa a Bioética numa sociedade multifuncional. Nesta perspectiva, este artigo propõe questionar a possibilidade de desenvolver um conceito de Bioética que alcance o conjunto de toda a sociedade, ou seja, que gere a mesma legitimidade e estima em todos os setores funcionalmente diferenciadosBioethics’ interdisciplinary interchange, difficult and arduous, is this article’s aim. First of all in relation to bioethics’ fortuitous novelty and creativity from the mind’s point of view. Essentially this reflection develops within

  19. Colony form variation of Bacillus pumilus E601 after cultured and neutron irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Xiaoming; Wei Baoli; Zhang Jianguo

    2008-01-01

    The distribution of two colony forms of Bacillus pumilus E601 and the effect of neutron irradiation on the colony form were reported. The translucent and opaque colonies were cultured several generations to observe the proportion of two form colonies. The spores of opaque colony were irradiated at 80, 800 and 2000 Gy of fast neutron from CFBR-II pulse pile, and the survivors of opaque colony were irradiated again at the same doses. The results showed that: (1) Bacillus pumilus E601 observed two types of colony form: translucent and opaque colony; (2) the translucent colony could produce both translucent and opaque colonies in equal, while the opaque colony couldn't produce translucent colony generally; (3) neutron irradiation could affect the colony form distribution. The ratio of survival translucent colony was increased with the increase of the first neutron irradiation doses, and the second neutron irradiation also increased the ratio of translucent colony. It was concluded that the instability of translucent colony was the main reason to produce two colony forms of Bacillus pumilus E601. The strain of translucent colony had a stronger ability to resist neutron irradiation than the opaque colony. (authors)

  20. Loading pattern optimization using ant colony algorithm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoareau, Fabrice

    2008-01-01

    Electricite de France (EDF) operates 58 nuclear power plants (NPP), of the Pressurized Water Reactor type. The loading pattern optimization of these NPP is currently done by EDF expert engineers. Within this framework, EDF R and D has developed automatic optimization tools that assist the experts. LOOP is an industrial tool, developed by EDF R and D and based on a simulated annealing algorithm. In order to improve the results of such automatic tools, new optimization methods have to be tested. Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithms are recent methods that have given very good results on combinatorial optimization problems. In order to evaluate the performance of such methods on loading pattern optimization, direct comparisons between LOOP and a mock-up based on the Max-Min Ant System algorithm (a particular variant of ACO algorithms) were made on realistic test-cases. It is shown that the results obtained by the ACO mock-up are very similar to those of LOOP. Future research will consist in improving these encouraging results by using parallelization and by hybridizing the ACO algorithm with local search procedures. (author)

  1. ESTUDIOS (INTERCULTURALES EN CLAVE DE-COLONIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Walsh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Los «estudios culturales» en América Latina forman parte de una política de nombrar inscrita en legados y cartografiados frecuentemente como totalidad, ocultando o dejando pasar por alto las diferencias a su interior. Este articula examina desde dónde nacen los estudios culturales en América Latina en general y en la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar en Quito en particular, con qué política de nombramiento, qué proyecto(s y qué bases y perspectivas de conocimiento. Considera qué implica concebir y construir los estudios culturales como proyecto político-intelectual, inter-cultural, inter-epistémico y de orientación de-colonial y los desafíos y obstáculos al respecto, incluyendo dentro de la problemática misma de la «uni»-versidad.

  2. Selective sweeps in growing microbial colonies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korolev, Kirill S; Müller, Melanie J I; Murray, Andrew W; Nelson, David R; Karahan, Nilay; Hallatschek, Oskar

    2012-01-01

    Evolutionary experiments with microbes are a powerful tool to study mutations and natural selection. These experiments, however, are often limited to the well-mixed environments of a test tube or a chemostat. Since spatial organization can significantly affect evolutionary dynamics, the need is growing for evolutionary experiments in spatially structured environments. The surface of a Petri dish provides such an environment, but a more detailed understanding of microbial growth on Petri dishes is necessary to interpret such experiments. We formulate a simple deterministic reaction–diffusion model, which successfully predicts the spatial patterns created by two competing species during colony expansion. We also derive the shape of these patterns analytically without relying on microscopic details of the model. In particular, we find that the relative fitness of two microbial strains can be estimated from the logarithmic spirals created by selective sweeps. The theory is tested with strains of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for spatial competitions with different initial conditions and for a range of relative fitnesses. The reaction–diffusion model also connects the microscopic parameters like growth rates and diffusion constants with macroscopic spatial patterns and predicts the relationship between fitness in liquid cultures and on Petri dishes, which we confirmed experimentally. Spatial sector patterns therefore provide an alternative fitness assay to the commonly used liquid culture fitness assays. (paper)

  3. Image steganalysis using Artificial Bee Colony algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajedi, Hedieh

    2017-09-01

    Steganography is the science of secure communication where the presence of the communication cannot be detected while steganalysis is the art of discovering the existence of the secret communication. Processing a huge amount of information takes extensive execution time and computational sources most of the time. As a result, it is needed to employ a phase of preprocessing, which can moderate the execution time and computational sources. In this paper, we propose a new feature-based blind steganalysis method for detecting stego images from the cover (clean) images with JPEG format. In this regard, we present a feature selection technique based on an improved Artificial Bee Colony (ABC). ABC algorithm is inspired by honeybees' social behaviour in their search for perfect food sources. In the proposed method, classifier performance and the dimension of the selected feature vector depend on using wrapper-based methods. The experiments are performed using two large data-sets of JPEG images. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed steganalysis technique compared to the other existing techniques.

  4. Selective sweeps in growing microbial colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korolev, Kirill S.; Müller, Melanie J. I.; Karahan, Nilay; Murray, Andrew W.; Hallatschek, Oskar; Nelson, David R.

    2012-04-01

    Evolutionary experiments with microbes are a powerful tool to study mutations and natural selection. These experiments, however, are often limited to the well-mixed environments of a test tube or a chemostat. Since spatial organization can significantly affect evolutionary dynamics, the need is growing for evolutionary experiments in spatially structured environments. The surface of a Petri dish provides such an environment, but a more detailed understanding of microbial growth on Petri dishes is necessary to interpret such experiments. We formulate a simple deterministic reaction-diffusion model, which successfully predicts the spatial patterns created by two competing species during colony expansion. We also derive the shape of these patterns analytically without relying on microscopic details of the model. In particular, we find that the relative fitness of two microbial strains can be estimated from the logarithmic spirals created by selective sweeps. The theory is tested with strains of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for spatial competitions with different initial conditions and for a range of relative fitnesses. The reaction-diffusion model also connects the microscopic parameters like growth rates and diffusion constants with macroscopic spatial patterns and predicts the relationship between fitness in liquid cultures and on Petri dishes, which we confirmed experimentally. Spatial sector patterns therefore provide an alternative fitness assay to the commonly used liquid culture fitness assays.

  5. How can bee colony algorithm serve medicine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehahmadi, Zeinab; Manafi, Amir

    2014-07-01

    Healthcare professionals usually should make complex decisions with far reaching consequences and associated risks in health care fields. As it was demonstrated in other industries, the ability to drill down into pertinent data to explore knowledge behind the data can greatly facilitate superior, informed decisions to ensue the facts. Nature has always inspired researchers to develop models of solving the problems. Bee colony algorithm (BCA), based on the self-organized behavior of social insects is one of the most popular member of the family of population oriented, nature inspired meta-heuristic swarm intelligence method which has been proved its superiority over some other nature inspired algorithms. The objective of this model was to identify valid novel, potentially useful, and understandable correlations and patterns in existing data. This review employs a thematic analysis of online series of academic papers to outline BCA in medical hive, reducing the response and computational time and optimizing the problems. To illustrate the benefits of this model, the cases of disease diagnose system are presented.

  6. Artificial bee colony in neuro - Symbolic integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasihmuddin, Mohd Shareduwan Mohd; Sathasivam, Saratha; Mansor, Mohd. Asyraf

    2017-08-01

    Swarm intelligence is a research area that models the population of the swarm based on natural computation. Artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm is a swarm based metaheuristic algorithm introduced by Karaboga to optimize numerical problem. Pattern-SAT is a pattern reconstruction paradigm that utilized 2SAT logical rule in representing the behavior of the desired pattern. The information of the desired pattern in terms of 2SAT logic is embedded to Hopfield neural network (HNN-P2SAT) and the desired pattern is reconstructed during the retrieval phase. Since the performance of HNN-P2SAT in Pattern-SAT deteriorates when the number of 2SAT clause increased, newly improved ABC is used to reduce the computation burden during the learning phase of HNN-P2SAT (HNN-P2SATABC). The aim of this study is to investigate the performance of Pattern-SAT produced by ABC incorporated with HNN-P2SAT and compare it with conventional standalone HNN. The comparison is examined by using Microsoft Visual Basic C++ 2013 software. The detailed comparison in doing Pattern-SAT is discussed based on global Pattern-SAT, ratio of activated clauses and computation time. The result obtained from computer simulation indicates the beneficial features of HNN-P2SATABC in doing Pattern-SAT. This finding is expected to result in a significant implication on the choice of searching method used to do Pattern-SAT.

  7. An improved method for staining cell colonies in clonogenic assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guda, Kishore; Natale, Leanna; Markowitz, Sanford D

    2007-06-01

    Clonogenic assay is a widely used experimental approach to test for the effects of drugs/genes on the growth and proliferative characteristics of cells in vitro. Accurate quantitation of treatment effects in clonogeneic assays depends on the ability to visualize and count cell colonies precisely. We report a novel method (referred as ETeB) for staining cell colonies grown on plastic and specially coated substrates like collagen. Using colon cancer cell lines grown on plastic and collagen, we compared the colony staining efficiencies of the widely used methylene blue, and Ethidium bromide (ETeB) stains. Results show that the ETeB protocol works well on plastic and is extremely effective for staining colonies on collagen when compared to methylene blue. The key features and advantages of ETeB technique are; (a) reduction in background for colonies grown on collagen and possibly other substrates, (b) the whole procedure takes less than a minute, (c) no post-stain washing step is required which eliminates colony losses for cell lines that are loosely adherent, (d) colony visualization and counting can be done immediately following the staining procedure using a standard UV illuminator and software, and (e) the method works across a wide variety of cell lines. The simplicity and robustness of this procedure should warrant its usage in both small and large-scale clonogenic experiments.

  8. The colonial context of Filipino American immigrants' psychological experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, E J R; Nadal, Kevin L

    2013-07-01

    Because of the long colonial history of Filipinos and the highly Americanized climate of postcolonial Philippines, many scholars from various disciplines have speculated that colonialism and its legacies may play major roles in Filipino emigration to the United States. However, there are no known empirical studies in psychology that specifically investigate whether colonialism and its effects have influenced the psychological experiences of Filipino American immigrants prior to their arrival in the United States. Further, there is no existing empirical study that specifically investigates the extent to which colonialism and its legacies continue to influence Filipino American immigrants' mental health. Thus, using interviews (N = 6) and surveys (N = 219) with Filipino American immigrants, two studies found that colonialism and its consequences are important factors to consider when conceptualizing the psychological experiences of Filipino American immigrants. Specifically, the findings suggest that (a) Filipino American immigrants experienced ethnic and cultural denigration in the Philippines prior to their U.S. arrival, (b) ethnic and cultural denigration in the Philippines and in the United States may lead to the development of colonial mentality (CM), and (c) that CM may have negative mental health consequences among Filipino American immigrants. The two studies' findings suggest that the Filipino American immigration experience cannot be completely captured by the voluntary immigrant narrative, as they provide empirical support to the notion that the Filipino American immigration experience needs to be understood in the context of colonialism and its most insidious psychological legacy- CM. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  9. Colonial Networks of Power: The Far Reaches of Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hecht, Gabrielle

    2004-01-01

    Thomas Hughes has shown the links which existed between politics and technological and economic changes. From this point of view, the relationship between colonialism and the development of nuclear systems is interesting. There is a significant continuity from the colonial Empires to the uranium supply networks. Americans and the British worked together to prospect and to exploit uranium deposits, in particular in South Africa. On their side, the French had similar activities in Madagascar, Gabon and Niger. In both cases, important post-colonial ties have been maintained based on techno-politics

  10. 'Goodwill Ambassador': the Legacy of Dutch Colonial Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerda Jansen Hendriks

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article looks back at the films commissioned and produced by the Dutch governments about their colony in teh East-Indies between 1912 and 1962. The main focus is on the newsreels and documentaries about the colonial war between the Netherlands and Indonesia  from 1945 to 1949. The article reviews these films and the re-use of their footage in later television programs. The programs often look back at the colonial war in ways that go beyond the purpose of the original films and the article aims to show the methods that are used to do this.

  11. Warehouse stocking optimization based on dynamic ant colony genetic algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Xiaoxu

    2018-04-01

    In view of the various orders of FAW (First Automotive Works) International Logistics Co., Ltd., the SLP method is used to optimize the layout of the warehousing units in the enterprise, thus the warehouse logistics is optimized and the external processing speed of the order is improved. In addition, the relevant intelligent algorithms for optimizing the stocking route problem are analyzed. The ant colony algorithm and genetic algorithm which have good applicability are emphatically studied. The parameters of ant colony algorithm are optimized by genetic algorithm, which improves the performance of ant colony algorithm. A typical path optimization problem model is taken as an example to prove the effectiveness of parameter optimization.

  12. Ant colony algorithm for clustering in portfolio optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subekti, R.; Sari, E. R.; Kusumawati, R.

    2018-03-01

    This research aims to describe portfolio optimization using clustering methods with ant colony approach. Two stock portfolios of LQ45 Indonesia is proposed based on the cluster results obtained from ant colony optimization (ACO). The first portfolio consists of assets with ant colony displacement opportunities beyond the defined probability limits of the researcher, where the weight of each asset is determined by mean-variance method. The second portfolio consists of two assets with the assumption that each asset is a cluster formed from ACO. The first portfolio has a better performance compared to the second portfolio seen from the Sharpe index.

  13. Mathematical Modeling the Geometric Regularity in Proteus Mirabilis Colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bin; Jiang, Yi; Minsu Kim Collaboration

    Proteus Mirabilis colony exhibits striking spatiotemporal regularity, with concentric ring patterns with alternative high and low bacteria density in space, and periodicity for repetition process of growth and swarm in time. We present a simple mathematical model to explain the spatiotemporal regularity of P. Mirabilis colonies. We study a one-dimensional system. Using a reaction-diffusion model with thresholds in cell density and nutrient concentration, we recreated periodic growth and spread patterns, suggesting that the nutrient constraint and cell density regulation might be sufficient to explain the spatiotemporal periodicity in P. Mirabilis colonies. We further verify this result using a cell based model.

  14. Mem y cookie: la cocina colonial en Malasia y Singapur

    OpenAIRE

    Leong-Salobir, Cecilia; Arriola, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    Resumen Este trabajo examina el surgimiento de una cocina colonial distintiva en las colonias británicas de Malasia y Singapur desde finales del siglo XIX. La cocina colonial evolucionó con el tiempo y fue una combinación de prácticas culinarias derivadas de costumbres alimentarias europeas y asiáticas, muchas de las cuales llegaron de la India colonial. Al igual que en India, esta aculturación se desarrolló debido a la dependencia de los colonizadores de sus sirvientes domésticos para la pre...

  15. Consensus document for the diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: Joint Consensus of Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia, Sociedade Portuguesa de Radiologia e Medicina Nuclear e Sociedade Portuguesa de Anatomia Patológica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robalo Cordeiro, C; Campos, P; Carvalho, L; Campainha, S; Clemente, S; Figueiredo, L; Jesus, J M; Marques, A; Souto-Moura, C; Pinto Basto, R; Ribeiro, A; Serrado, M; Morais, A

    2016-01-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a rare interstitial lung disease included in the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias group. Although several potential risk factors have been described, it is a progressive fibrosing disease of unknown cause affecting mainly adults over 50 years and associated with a poor prognosis, reflected in a median survival of 2-3 years after diagnosis. The concept of a multidisciplinary working group for the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is based on the need to have experienced pulmonologists, radiologists and pathologists in the evaluation and correct treatment of the disease, and requires the use of all available data about individual patients, standardized (largely through High Resolution Computed Tomography and pathology when needed) as well as non-standardized data (laboratory, serology and biomarkers). This approach helps to increase diagnostic accuracy and is an internationally accepted recommendation. In regard to therapy, the situation has changed radically since the publication of the ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT 2011 guidelines on the diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis where it was stressed that no proven therapy exists for this disease. Currently besides non-pharmacological treatment, therapy of complications and comorbidities and palliative care, nintedanib and pirfenidone, two compounds with pleiotropic mechanisms of action, are to date, the two drugs with confirmed efficacy in slowing functional decline and disease progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Public Heath in Colonial and Post-Colonial Ghana: Lesson-Drawing for The Twenty-First Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adu-Gyamfi, Samuel

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Public health in twenty-first century Ghana is mired with several issues ranging from the inadequacy of public health facilities, improper settlement planning, insanitary conditions, and the inadequacy of laws and their implementation. This situation compared to the colonial era is a direct contradiction. Development in the pre-colonial era to the colonial era sought to make the prevention of diseases a priority in the colonial administration. This was begun with the establishment of the health branch in 1909 as a response to the bubonic plague that was fast spreading in the colony. From here public health policies and strategies were enacted to help the diseases prevention cause. Various public health boards, the medical research institute or the laboratory branch, the waste management department, the use of preventive medicine and maintenance of good settlement planning and sanitation were public health measures in the colonial era. This research seeks to analyse the public health system in the colonial era so as to draw basic lessons for twenty-first century Ghana. Archival data and other secondary sources are reviewed and analysed to help draw these lessons. Richard Rose’s lesson-drawing approach was used to draw the lessons.

  17. Correflejo: la participación del usuario dirigida a la transformación de la sociedad

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tomico, O.

    2009-01-01

    Este artículo presenta un en foque de la participación del usuario que permite en frentar la lógica del diseñador con las motivaciones y los valores de la sociedad. Este en foque está especialmente adaptado a los procesos de diseño que aspiran a trans formar a la sociedad. Según este enfoque, la

  18. Quissange, Saüdade Nêgra y los límites de la literatura colonial en los orígenes de la lírica angoleña

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Mesa, Francisco José

    2016-01-01

    Tomaz Vieira da Cruz, poeta portugués que transcurrió en Angola el período comprendido entre 1924 y 1949, publicó su primer poemario, Quissange, Saüdade Nêgra, en 1932. Tanto la obra como el autor han sido escasamente estudiados por la crítica, a pesar de lo cual han sido incluidos sistemáticamente en la categoría de «literatura colonial». En este estudio analizamos la plasmación de diversos elementos significativos de la sociedad angoleña en la obra de Vieira da Cruz con la intenció...

  19. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and leukemogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Lobo de Figueiredo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available THE granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF plays an important role in normal granulopoiesis. Its functions are mediated by specific receptors on the surface of responsive cells and, upon ligand binding, several cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases are activated. The cytoplasmic region proximal to the membrane of the G-CSF receptor (G-CSF-R transduces proliferative and survival signals, whereas the distal carboxy-terminal region transduces maturation signals and suppresses the receptor's proliferative signals. Mutations in the G-CSF-R gene resulting in truncation of the carboxy-terminal region have been detected in a subset of patients with severe congenital neutropenia who developed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML. In addition, the AML1-ETO fusion protein, expressed in leukemic cells harboring the t(8;21, disrupt the physiological function of transcription factors such as C/EBPα and C/EBPε, which in turn deregulate G-CSF-R expression. The resulting high levels of G-CSF-R and G-CSF-dependent cell proliferation may be associated with pathogenesis of AML with t(8;21. Moreover, in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that G-CSF may act as a co-stimulus augmenting the response of PML-RARα acute promyelocytic leukemia cells to all-trans-retinoic acid treatment. Finally, in the PLZF-RARα acute promyelocytic leukemia transgenic model, G-CSF deficiency suppressed leukemia development. Altogether, these data suggest that the G-CSF signaling pathway may play a role in leukemogenesis.

  20. Honey Bee Colonies Remote Monitoring System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Gil-Lebrero

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bees are very important for terrestrial ecosystems and, above all, for the subsistence of many crops, due to their ability to pollinate flowers. Currently, the honey bee populations are decreasing due to colony collapse disorder (CCD. The reasons for CCD are not fully known, and as a result, it is essential to obtain all possible information on the environmental conditions surrounding the beehives. On the other hand, it is important to carry out such information gathering as non-intrusively as possible to avoid modifying the bees’ work conditions and to obtain more reliable data. We designed a wireless-sensor networks meet these requirements. We designed a remote monitoring system (called WBee based on a hierarchical three-level model formed by the wireless node, a local data server, and a cloud data server. WBee is a low-cost, fully scalable, easily deployable system with regard to the number and types of sensors and the number of hives and their geographical distribution. WBee saves the data in each of the levels if there are failures in communication. In addition, the nodes include a backup battery, which allows for further data acquisition and storage in the event of a power outage. Unlike other systems that monitor a single point of a hive, the system we present monitors and stores the temperature and relative humidity of the beehive in three different spots. Additionally, the hive is continuously weighed on a weighing scale. Real-time weight measurement is an innovation in wireless beehive—monitoring systems. We designed an adaptation board to facilitate the connection of the sensors to the node. Through the Internet, researchers and beekeepers can access the cloud data server to find out the condition of their hives in real time.

  1. Transits of Venus and Colonial India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochhar, Rajesh

    2012-09-01

    Astronomical expeditions during the colonial period had a political and national significance also. Measuring the earth and mapping the sky were activities worthy of powerful and power- seeking nations. Such was the sanctity of global astronomical activity that many other agendas could be hidden under it. An early astronomy-related expedition turned out to be extremely beneficial, to botany. The expedition sent by the French Government in 1735 to South America under the leadership of Charles Marie de la Condamine (1701--1774) ostensibly for the measurement of an arc of the meridian at Quito in Ecuador surreptitiously collected data that enabled Linnaeus to describe the genus cinchona in 1742. When the pair of transits of Venus occurred in 1761 and 1769, France and England were engaged in a bitter rivalry for control of India. The observation of the transits became a part of the rivalry. A telescope presented by the British to a South Indian King as a decorative toy was borrowed back for actual use. Scientifically the transit observations were a wash out, but the exercise introduced Europe to details of living Indian tradition of eclipse calculations. More significantly, it led to the institutionalization of modern astronomy in India under the auspices of the English East India Company (1787). The transits of Venus of 1874 and 1882 were important not so much for the study of the events as for initiating systematic photography of the Sun. By this, Britain owned most of the world's sunshine, and was expected to help European solar physicists get data from its vast Empire on a regular basis. This and the then genuinely held belief that a study of the sun would help predict failure of monsoons led to the institutionalization of solar physics studies in India (1899). Of course, when the solar physicists learnt that solar activity did not quite determine rainfall in India, they forgot to inform the Government.

  2. Metatranscriptomic analyses of honey bee colonies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tozkar, Cansu Ö; Kence, Meral; Kence, Aykut; Huang, Qiang; Evans, Jay D

    2015-01-01

    Honey bees face numerous biotic threats from viruses to bacteria, fungi, protists, and mites. Here we describe a thorough analysis of microbes harbored by worker honey bees collected from field colonies in geographically distinct regions of Turkey. Turkey is one of the World's most important centers of apiculture, harboring five subspecies of Apis mellifera L., approximately 20% of the honey bee subspecies in the world. We use deep ILLUMINA-based RNA sequencing to capture RNA species for the honey bee and a sampling of all non-endogenous species carried by bees. After trimming and mapping these reads to the honey bee genome, approximately 10% of the sequences (9-10 million reads per library) remained. These were then mapped to a curated set of public sequences containing ca. Sixty megabase-pairs of sequence representing known microbial species associated with honey bees. Levels of key honey bee pathogens were confirmed using quantitative PCR screens. We contrast microbial matches across different sites in Turkey, showing new country recordings of Lake Sinai virus, two Spiroplasma bacterium species, symbionts Candidatus Schmidhempelia bombi, Frischella perrara, Snodgrassella alvi, Gilliamella apicola, Lactobacillus spp.), neogregarines, and a trypanosome species. By using metagenomic analysis, this study also reveals deep molecular evidence for the presence of bacterial pathogens (Melissococcus plutonius, Paenibacillus larvae), Varroa destructor-1 virus, Sacbrood virus, and fungi. Despite this effort we did not detect KBV, SBPV, Tobacco ringspot virus, VdMLV (Varroa Macula like virus), Acarapis spp., Tropilaeleps spp. and Apocephalus (phorid fly). We discuss possible impacts of management practices and honey bee subspecies on microbial retinues. The described workflow and curated microbial database will be generally useful for microbial surveys of healthy and declining honey bees.

  3. Revisiting the effect of colonial institutions on comparative economic development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina A Assenova

    Full Text Available European settler mortality has been proposed as an instrument to predict the causal effect of colonial institutions on differences in economic development. We examine the relationship between mortality, temperature, and economic development in former European colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. We find that (i European settler mortality rates increased with regional temperatures and (ii economic output decreased with regional temperatures. Conditioning on the continent of settlement and accounting for colonies that were not independent as of 1900 undermines the causal effect of colonial institutions on comparative economic development. Our findings run counter to the institutions hypothesis of economic development, showing instead that geography affected both historic mortality rates and present-day economic output.

  4. Counter-Insurgency in the Cape Colony, 1872 - 1882

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unrest and internal conflict were almost endemic in the Cape Colony's area of interest during ... security and defence policy, the policy of direct control of the adjacent tribal territories as well as ...... latter refused to sign the treasury documents.

  5. A Reading of Kwame Nkrumah's Towards Colonial Freedom Atta

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trajectory that Kwame Nkrumah, in this work, traces towards colonial freedom. ... propelled against their colonising oppressors also seen as wearing a single classless ... political economy: 'It is not the consciousness of men [and women] that ...

  6. The impact of colonial legacies and globalization processes on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The impact of colonial legacies and globalization processes on forced migration in modern Africa. ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... On its part, globalization is about pauperizing and victimizing more and more people ...

  7. Post-Colonial Nation Building, Global Governance, Globalisation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Post-Colonial Nation Building, Global Governance, Globalisation and Development in Nigeria and Africa. ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... A common route that nations take is that of nation building, especially within the ...

  8. Pidgin in the Colonial Governance of Northern Nigeria Philip Atsu

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANDCORPgh changing the world

    2015-03-15

    Mar 15, 2015 ... 7Arabic literacy for political agents was essential because the language ... Other elements are 'kuku boy' (steward), 'kuku meti' (cook meat), 'ruge' (rogue), ..... The colonized as child: British and French colonial rule in Africa.

  9. Energy Colonialism Powers the Ongoing Unnatural Disaster in Puerto Rico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina M. de Onís

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available On September 20, 2017, Hurricane María made landfall in Puerto Rico. Blasting the Caribbean archipelago with 155-mile/h winds, this, in many ways, unnatural disaster exposed the brutal consequences of energy colonialism and an extractivist economy, as well as ongoing and increasing advocacy for decentralized solar infrastructure by many local residents and other renewables supporters. This paper argues that acknowledging colonial power relations and their consequences is essential for studying the interplay of energy systems, environments, and actors. To support this claim, this essay outlines Puerto Rico’s history as a US colony by focusing on key policies and their implications; examines openings for and barriers to decentralized, community solar in Puerto Rico; and concludes by discussing future research directions on just energy transitions and the imperative of uprooting colonialism and agitating for community self-determination and energy justice in these transformations.

  10. Seabird colonies in the Melville Bay, Northwest Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boertmann, David; Huffeldt, Nicholas Per

    This report describes the results of a survey for breeding and colonial seabirds in a hitherto un-surveyed area of Northwest Greenland - the Melville Bay. The results shall be included as background data for oil spill sensitivity mapping, preparation of environmental impact assessments of petroleum...... activities in Baffin Bay and for the regulation (by the Greenland government) of petroleum activities. The survey showed, that compared to other coasts of West Greenland, the Melville Bay holds only few breeding colonies and low numbers of breeding seabirds. The most widespread and numerous species...... is the black guillemot followed by the glaucous gull. However, one colony is of national significance – Sabine Øer, with high numbers of breeding Arctic terns and Sabine’s gulls. Other noteworthy observations were puffins on Thom Ø and many new Iceland gull colonies that extended the known northern breeding...

  11. Colonialism as a Broader Social Determinant of Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Czyzewski

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available A proposed broader or Indigenized social determinants of health framework includes "colonialism" along with other global processes. What does it mean to understand Canadian colonialism as a distal determinant of Indigenous health? This paper reviews pertinent discourses surrounding Indigenous mental health in Canada.With an emphasis on the notion of intergenerational trauma, there are real health effects of social, political, and economic marginalization embodied within individuals, which can collectively affect entire communities. Colonialism can also be enacted and reinforced within Indigenous mental health discourse, thus influencing scholarly and popular perceptions. Addressing this distal determinant through policy work necessitates that improving Indigenous health is inherently related to improving these relationships, i.e. eliminating colonial relations, and increasing self-determination.

  12. application of ant colony optimisation in distribution transformer sizing

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    Keywords: ant colony, optimization, transformer sizing, distribution transformer. 1. INTRODUCTION ... more intensive pheromone and higher probability to be chosen [12]. ..... pp.29-41, 1996. [7] EC global market place, “Technical Parameters”,.

  13. The Historical Taboo: Colonial Discourses and Postcolonial Identities in Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobineau Julien

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines so-called colonial discourses in Belgium related to the former Sub-Saharan colony owned by Leopold II of Belgium which today is known as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo or the Congo-Kinshasa. Having introduced the colonial history of the DR Congo from the 15th century until 1910, the study starts with a discussion of Van den Braembussche’s concept of a ‘historical taboo’ and four ways of engaging with such implicit interdictions. Finally, an empirical analysis of colonial discourses in Belgium from the 1890s until today will be presented in conjunction with Belgium’s linguistic-cultural division, taking into account age-related divergence.

  14. A SAGA DA ATIVIDADE SINFÔNICA EM BELO HORIZONTE. (Dossiê: Música, Linguagem e Sociedade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Aníbal Nápoli Villalba

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo representa uma síntese do primeiro capítulo de minha tese de doutorado em História Social da Cultura defendida na Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. defendida na Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, tendo como objetivo analisar historicamente as origens e consolidação da atividade sinfônica em Belo Horizonte e seus desdobramentos em termos de gestão. A rigor, pretende-se constatar que, junto à visão de modernidade que se denotava com a criação da nova capital e o advento de uma época auspiciosa, a incorporação da atividade sinfônica à cultura mineira foi um modelo entendido pela intelectualidade brasileira como sinônimo de sofisticação e progresso, condizente com a melhoria da cultura no Estado.Palavras-chave: Orquestra Sinfônica, Modernidade, Belo Horizonte, Políticas públicas para a Cultura.ABSTRACT :This article represents a synthesis of the first chapter of my doctoral thesis in Social History of Culture defended at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, aiming to analyze historically the origins and consolidation of symphonic activity in Belo Horizonte and its consequences in terms of management. In fact, we intend to see that, with the modern view that is denoted with the creation of new capital and the advent of an auspicious time, the incorporation of symphonic activity to the mining culture was a model understood by Brazilian intellectuals as synonymous of sophistication and progress, consistent with the improvement of culture in the state.Keywords: symphony orchestra, modernity, Belo Horizonte, public policies for culture.Recebido em: 03/07/2016  – Aceito em 30/07/2016

  15. Sociedade: Um Estudo Sobre o Morro do Corcovado/ Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella de Souza Neto Teixeira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao iniciar o estudo sobre a importância patrimonial do Morro do Corcovado, situado no setor B do Parque Nacional da Tijuca, na Serra da Carioca, município do Rio de Janeiro/RJ, encontrou-se metodologia aplicada somente sob a visão do pesquisador para valorar a geodiversidade. Mas, ao longo do estudo, surgiu a necessidade de saber como a sociedade o via. Seria o Morro do Corcovado apenas reconhecido como uma paisagem deslumbrante pelos seus visitantes? Será que é entendido e valorizado como patrimônio? Será que os indivíduos vêem algo além dessa paisagem? E se vêem o quê seria? Para responder a esses questionamentos se buscou uma ferramenta que fornecesse a relação da sociedade com Morro do Corcovado. Nesse contexto, o questionário/entrevista estruturado mostrou ser uma ferramenta indispensável para a coleta de dados, visando decifrar a percepção patrimonial dos indivíduos. O questionário/entrevista foi pensado e organizado de forma estruturada, visando, através de sua aplicação e análise preliminares, mostrar como esse instrumento serve como ferramenta para compreender as apropriações do patrimônio geológico pela sociedade e possibilitar as tomadas de decisão quanto ao uso mais indicado desse patrimônio.

  16. Sociedade civil, Estado e autonomia: argumentos, contra-argumentos e avanços no debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Gurza Lavalle

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O cenário brasileiro das relações entre Estado e sociedade civil tem se reconfigurado ao longo das últimas três décadas, suscitando esforços da literatura especializada para diagnosticar tais mudanças mediante deslocamentos analíticos e revisões de pressupostos. Em diálogo com um diagnóstico recente de conjunto que recoloca algumas teses importantes na literatura e segundo o qual essa reconfiguração é uma passagem de um período histórico de autonomia plena dos atores sociais para um momento de interdependência com o Estado, o artigo desenvolve quatro contra-argumentos amparados em deslocamentos teórico-analíticos e metodológicos que, junto à extensa pesquisa empírica, marcam avanços no debate do país sobre as relações socioestatais. Os contra-argumentos partem do pressuposto da mútua constituição, ou codeterminação, entre Estado e sociedade civil e revisam criticamente os argumentos sobre a emergência tardia da sociedade civil no Brasil, seu nascimento sob o signo de uma não relação com o Estado e os partidos políticos, bem como sobre o advento da interdependência com o Estado no período pós-constituinte. No seu todo, o conjunto dos contra-argumentos mostra os ganhos analíticos de uma perspectiva centrada nas interações socioestatais e de uma compreensão relacional de autonomia tanto no plano da prática dos atores quanto no plano da teoria.

  17. Ambientalismo y sociedad civil en la frontera México- Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basilio Verduzco Chávez

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo se propone un modelo interpretativo de la dinámica mostrada por los grupos ambientalistas de la frontera México-Estados Unidos. El modelo está inspirado en teorías contemporáneas de movimientos sociales y de sociedad civil y rescata dimensiones clave del concepto de ciudadanía que se consideran clave para analizar los avances y limitaciones del movimiento como catalizador de la participación cívica en defensa del medio ambiente. Tomando en cuenta que el movimiento ambientalista de la frontera abarca una gran diversidad de grupos se propone que sus actividades pueden tener dos grandes orientaciones. La primera dirigida a influir directamente en la formulación de política ambiental, y la segunda dirigida a promover la participación ciudadana como un compromiso cívico en sí mismo. Se identifican siete dimensiones en las que el ambientalismo puede hacer contribuciones al fortalecimiento de la sociedad civil: conocimiento del problema, principio de asociación, orientación de acciones individuales, respeto a la comunidad, origen del compromiso con la comunidad ,vinculo social institucional, relación con estructuras de poder y tipo de individualismo. El trabajo concluye señalando la importancia de que el movimiento logre evitar el fraccionalismo y la apropiación individual de beneficios de la acción colectiva para fortalecer a la sociedad civil.

  18. La Sociedad de la Información. Análisis y retos actuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Olivera Betrán

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente estamos en el inicio de una era impredecible que algunos llaman Sociedad de la Información. Este modelo sociocultural se caracteriza por compartir la información que otros generan. La famosa predicción de los años sesenta, en la que se denominó al mundo como una aldea global, es hoy una realidad gracias a los medios de comunicación social que hacen posible la gigantesca eliminación de distancias y tiempo, haciendo la comunicación inmediata y convirtiendo al planeta en una inmensa red de comunicaciones inmediatas. El ciudadano de hoy, a tenor de los recursos y medios tecnológicos de que dispone para obtener y utilizar la información de los demás, se le denomina ciudadano digital y parece ser que será el modelo del primer tercio de esta centuria. Sin embargo, no todos los ciudadanos de este mundo son ciudadanos digitales. A pesar de la globalización, actualmente siguen existiendo grandes desigualdades sociales, educativas y económicas, por lo que no existen las mismas oportunidades ni mentalidades en el acceso a la información que la popularización y masificación de la Tecnología de la Información y Comunicación (TIC proporcionan. En cualquier caso, según un estudio sobre La Sociedad de la Información en España 2004, elaborado por la empresa multinacional Telefónica, un ciudadano digital forma parte de la Sociedad de la Información si es capaz de realizar las siguientes funciones:

  19. La empresa familiar en la Ley de Sociedades de Capital: implicaciones fiscales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso García Moncó

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La Sociedad Limitada Nueva Empresa puede ser el vehículo idóneo para la adopción de la forma societaria por una empresa familiar. El Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2010, de 3 de julio que aprueba el Texto Refundido de la Ley de Sociedades de Capital incorpora en su articulado y en sus disposiciones adicionales importantes ventajas para las SLNE, tanto para facilitar su constitución, como para flexibilizar su funcionamiento y reducir los costes fiscales de su creación. Las empresas familiares de reducida dimensión pueden beneficiarse de este marco jurídico y fiscal que, en estos momentos, no tiene comparación con ninguna otra modalidad societaria. Sin embargo, esta realidad es, en gran parte, desconocida porque no se han explicado las posibilidades que contiene la Ley de Sociedades de Capital al respecto y sus consecuencias fiscales.The New Enterprise Limited Company can be an ideal vehicle for the adoption of the corporate form by a family business. The Royal Decree 1/2010 of 3 July, which approves the revised text of the Capital Company Act, includes in its provisions and its additional provisions for SLNE important advantages, both to facilitate their establishment, as to ease operation and reduce the fiscal costs of its creation. The small size family businesses can benefit from the legal and fiscal framework at the moment, is unmatched by any other corporate form. However, this reality is largely unknown because they have not explained the possibilities contained in the Companies Act and Capital about the tax consequences.

  20. Sociedad y economía del conocimiento. El caso colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diofanto Arce Tovar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde los años setenta se presenta una reconfiguración del sistema productivo capitalista centrado en el conocimiento y la innovación. La inserción a este modo de desarrollo se convirtió en la meta de las naciones del mundo. Colombia no ha estado ajena a esta pretensión. Sin embargo, la visión idealista del conocimiento como factor de crecimiento y desarrollo, que se ha priorizado en todos los rincones del orbe, debe confrontarse con un análisis crítico que permita determinar qué hay detrás de la llamada sociedad y economía del conocimiento, dilucidar el papel que cumplen el gran capital internacional, las naciones, los gobiernos y las sociedades, pues es claro que aunque la innovación y la ciencia en muchos casos han generado avances importantes en cuanto índices de desarrollo, también lo es que responden a la estructura del sistema capitalista y a su afán por recuperar los niveles de ganancia previos a las recurrentes crisis sistémicas de las últimas décadas. El presente ensayo presenta el debate sobre la sociedad y economía del conocimiento desde la realidad colombiana, como ejemplo paradigmático de que el conocimiento sin autonomía continuará reproduciendo las condiciones tradicionales de una nación periférica.

  1. Percepções sobre o Programa Bolsa Família na sociedade brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Carlos de Oliveira de Castro

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata de percepções da sociedade brasileira sobre o Programa Bolsa Família (PBF a partir de uma pesquisa realizada em amostra da população. A pesquisa indicou que a população reconhece o Programa e entende que ele está sendo utilizado de forma adequada, mesmo considerando problemas em sua execução. Houve uma importante diferença entre a opinião daqueles que conhecem beneficiários em relação àqueles que não conhecem, sendo que os primeiros se manifestaram de forma mais positiva em relação aos resultados e mais cautelosos em relação às críticas, conclui que o PBF adquiriu legitimidade junto à sociedade brasileira dado o nível de conhecimento da política e mesmo de apoio à sua existência e argumenta sobre a importância de buscar e considerar a opinião da sociedade como importante elemento de avaliação de políticas públicas.The paper is about perceptions of Brazilian society concerning the cash transfer program Bolsa Família of Brazilian government obtained in a national survey. It indicated that population recognizes the program and understands that it is being used in an appropriated way, even though considering problems in its execution. Important differences occurred in the opinion of those who knew beneficiaries comparing with those who didn't. The first group manifested positive opinion and criticized less then the second. The paper concludes that the program acquired legitimacy in the Brazilian society, considering the knowledge of this policy and supporting its existence. It argues for the importance of searching and considering the public opinion as a fundamental element of public policy assessing.

  2. Monográfico Turismo y Sociedad Global · Presentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano E. Korstanje

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Las industrias culturales como el turismo, la movilidad y el cine han jugado un rol importante a la hora de sentar las bases para la creación de un estereotipo colectivo globalizado de ciudadanía. No obstante, el problema se suscita por la interrelación económica que la crisis generada por unos pocos arrastra a todos hacia el barranco. La última gran crisis financiera, de 2008, demuestra dos aspectos importantes de la globalización. Primero, la falta de barreras internacionales para moderar la especulación como forma de relación primaria en las sociedades capitalistas. Segundo, la ineficacia de la “doctrina económica clásica” para comprender la real dimensión de la crisis. El préstamo indiscriminado por parte de ciertas economías centrales y la falta de controles de los organismos internacionales de crédito han acelerado la dinámica globalizadora, empero con sus beneficios también vienen los fantasmas. ¿Qué tipo de sociedad vamos a tener una vez salgamos de esta crisis? En concreto, ¿cómo va a ser el turismo en esta nueva sociedad? En este número especial nos hemos planteado estas preguntas cruciales, centrando el foco en el fenómeno turístico al considerar que, por su papel decisivo en los regímenes de bienestar y consumo, puede servir a la perfección como analizador del proceso globalizador en el que nos encontramos y proporcionarnos pistas de las tendencias que marcarán la pauta en los próximos años.

  3. An Improved Ant Colony Matching by Using Discrete Curve Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Saadi, Younes; Sari, Eka,; Herawan, Tutut

    2014-01-01

    Part 1: Information & Communication Technology-EurAsia Conference 2014, ICT-EurAsia 2014; International audience; In this paper we present an improved Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) for contour matching, which can be used to match 2D shapes. Discrete Curve Evolution (DCE) technique is used to simplify the extracted contour. In order to find the best correspondence between shapes, the match process is formulated as a Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP) and resolved by using Ant Colony Optimizati...

  4. An improved method for staining cell colonies in clonogenic assays

    OpenAIRE

    Guda, Kishore; Natale, Leanna; Markowitz, Sanford D.

    2007-01-01

    Clonogenic assay is a widely used experimental approach to test for the effects of drugs/genes on the growth and proliferative characteristics of cells in vitro. Accurate quantitation of treatment effects in clonogeneic assays depends on the ability to visualize and count cell colonies precisely. We report a novel method (referred as ETeB) for staining cell colonies grown on plastic and specially coated substrates like collagen. Using colon cancer cell lines grown on plastic and collagen, we ...

  5. The Psycho-Affective Echoes of Colonialism in Fieldwork Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Garot

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the varieties of relations with African immigrant interviewees in Tuscany as experienced by a white male interviewer from the United States. Franz FANON's discussion of the psycho-affective consequences of colonialism is vital for understanding how naïve and romantic notions of fieldwork relations are disingenuous, counter-productive and perhaps destructive in a neo-colonial landscape. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1401125

  6. Video Bioinformatics Analysis of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Colony Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Sabrina; Fonteno, Shawn; Satish, Shruthi; Bhanu, Bir; Talbot, Prue

    2010-01-01

    Because video data are complex and are comprised of many images, mining information from video material is difficult to do without the aid of computer software. Video bioinformatics is a powerful quantitative approach for extracting spatio-temporal data from video images using computer software to perform dating mining and analysis. In this article, we introduce a video bioinformatics method for quantifying the growth of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) by analyzing time-lapse videos collected in a Nikon BioStation CT incubator equipped with a camera for video imaging. In our experiments, hESC colonies that were attached to Matrigel were filmed for 48 hours in the BioStation CT. To determine the rate of growth of these colonies, recipes were developed using CL-Quant software which enables users to extract various types of data from video images. To accurately evaluate colony growth, three recipes were created. The first segmented the image into the colony and background, the second enhanced the image to define colonies throughout the video sequence accurately, and the third measured the number of pixels in the colony over time. The three recipes were run in sequence on video data collected in a BioStation CT to analyze the rate of growth of individual hESC colonies over 48 hours. To verify the truthfulness of the CL-Quant recipes, the same data were analyzed manually using Adobe Photoshop software. When the data obtained using the CL-Quant recipes and Photoshop were compared, results were virtually identical, indicating the CL-Quant recipes were truthful. The method described here could be applied to any video data to measure growth rates of hESC or other cells that grow in colonies. In addition, other video bioinformatics recipes can be developed in the future for other cell processes such as migration, apoptosis, and cell adhesion. PMID:20495527

  7. Colonial Connections: A Review of Redrawing French Empire in Comics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Tannahill

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The consequences of France's colonial past and wars in Algeria and Indochina are still very relevant in modern, multicultural France. 'Redrawing French Empire In Comics '(2013 examines how this colonial history is depicted in the francophone comic or 'bande dessinée', by authors with links to both the colonised population and the French colonisers and military forces, and how their depictions of events reinforces or diminishes barriers between those on both sides.

  8. Comparação de correctivos aplicados a um solo de uma área mineira contaminado com arsénio e seu efeito no crescimento de plantas Comparison of amendments applied to an arsenic contaminated soil from a mining area and their effect on plant growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C. Madeira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se o efeito de correctivos (óxido de ferro, Fe; matéria orgânica, MO; fosfato de cálcio, PCa, aplicados a um solo da área mineira de Penedono contaminado com As, no crescimento de tomateiro e salsa. Usa­ram-se, como controlos, este solo sem cor­rectivos e um solo não contaminado. Duran­te o crescimento mediu-se a altura das plan­tas, comprimento foliar e teor relativo de clorofila. Na colheita final determinaram-se os pesos frescos e secos. Os correctivos influenciaram a disponibi­lidade de As no solo, relativamente ao ori­ginal: Fe manteve-a enquanto MO e PCa a aumentaram. Ambas as espécies foram afec­tadas pelo arsénio, porém a resposta aos tra­tamentos foi diferente. A altura, compri­mento dos folíolos, teor de clorofila, peso seco e número de frutos dos tomateiros foi significativamente superior em MO do que em Fe e controlo. O correctivo MO apresen­tou resultados promissores relativamente ao crescimento e produtividade do tomateiro. Contudo, o PCa (12 g kg-1 foi o melhor cor­rectivo para o crescimento da salsa.Three amendments (iron oxides, Fe; or­ganic matter, MO; calcium phosphate, PCa were applied to a naturally contaminated soil with arsenic and their effect on the growth of tomato plants and Italian parsley was studied. The results indicate differences associated with the availability of arsenic in the soil in the presence of amendments: Fe had no influence on arsenic availability compared with the unamended soil, while MO and PCa increased the availability of arsenic. Though both plant species have been affected by arsenic toxicity, the re­sponse to treatments relatively to plant growth was different. Tomato plants pre­sented greater growth in terms of height, leaf length, relative chlorophyll content, dry weight and fruit production when MO was used as amendment. By the contrary, the Italian parsley presented the best growth when PCa (12 g kg-1 was added to the con­taminated soil.

  9. Concentração de urânio em plantas desenvolvidas em solos agrícolas e de escombreira da área mineira da Cunha Baixa (Mangualde Uranium concentration in plants developed on agricultural soils and waste dumps in Cunha Baixa mine site (Mangualde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Neves

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho avalia-se e comparara-se a concentração e capacidade de bioconcentra­ção (CB do urânio em diversas espécies vegetais (parte aérea que se desenvolveram em solos de escombreira (Pinus pinaster, Cytisus striatus, Cytisus multiflorus e culti­vadas (Zea mays L., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Lactuca sativa L. em solos da zona agríco­la, envolvente à área mineira da Cunha Bai­xa (Mangualde. As espécies colonizadoras da escombreira estão bem adaptadas ao substrato, sendo o Pinus pinaster aquela que mais urânio concentrou na parte aérea (13,9 mg kg-1 podendo, juntamente com as espé­cies do género Cytisus, contribuir para a estabilização dos resíduos mineiros, ainda com elevada concentrações em urânio total e disponível (118 mg kg-1 e 43 mg kg-1, res­pectivamente. Entre as espécies cultivadas destaca-se a Lactuca sativa que concentrou, em média, 5,37 mg kg-1 de urânio (peso seco. Nenhuma das espécies estudadas se revelou acumuladora deste elemento (CB The uranium concentration and the bioco­centration capacity (BC in several plant species (aboveground part were evaluated and compared among species grown on soils developed on waste materials (Pinus pinaster, Cytisus striatus, Cytisus multiflo­rus and agricultural soils (Zea mays L., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Lactuca sativa L. from the surrounding area of Cunha Baixa mine (Mangualde. The species colonizing waste materials are well adapted to the substratum, which contains high total and available uranium concentration (118 mg kg-1 and 43 mg kg-1 , respectively. Pinus pinaster concentrated more uranium (13.9 mg kg-1 than the spe­cies of genus Cytisus. As a consequence, and also due to the effective vegetation cover these plants can contribute to the sta­bilization of mining wastes dumps. Lactuca sativa concentrated more uranium (on ave­rage, 5.37 mg kg-1 dry weight than the other cultivated plants. None of the studied species was uranium accumulator (BC <1, even if

  10. O Risco na Sociedade de Consumo: Superendividamento como Perda de Capacidades

    OpenAIRE

    Carqui, Vagner Bruno Caparelli

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar, críticamente, los riesgos que existen en la sociedad de consumo, vinculándolo a la idea de la modernidad líquida, desarrollada por Zygmunt Bauman, considerando el sobreendeudamiento del consumidor entendido en este trabajo como la pérdida de capacidades civiles de los individuos. Las "necesidades" que surgen en la modernidad líquida están relacionados con el consumismo desechable, responsable, entre otras situaciones,por la redefinición del sentido ...

  11. Los acuerdos parasociales para la capitalización de las sociedades anónimas

    OpenAIRE

    Bolívar Beltrán, Hernando José; García Mendoza, Camilo Andrés

    2015-01-01

    Los empresarios que deciden constituir una sociedad anónima se encuentran con una normatividad mercantil imperativa e inmodificable por la voluntad de las partes, que brinda seguridad jurídica frente a la inversión. Sin embargo, restringe la capacidad creativa de los fundadores respecto a múltiples aspectos que rigen la actividad societaria, incluyendo, pero sin limitarse, al número mínimo de socios para constituirla, los órganos de administración, dirección y fiscalización, la forma, porcent...

  12. Historia de la familia: una nueva perspectiva sobre la sociedad europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Rodríguez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Historia de la Familia: una nueva perspectiva sobre la sociedad europea. 5 volúmenes, varios autores. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia, 1997. Estos cinco libros conforman la memoria de las sesiones del congreso internacional celebrado en Murcia los días 14, 15 Y 16 de diciembre de 1994, bajo el mismo título. El éxito de dicho congreso, y el atractivo de estos libros, es explicable por el continuado trabajo del seminario Familia y élite de poder en el Reino de Murcia, que desde 1983 se reúne en forma continua con el liderazgo de Francisco Chacón.

  13. Las Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil (OSC) y la agenda internacional del desarrollo: escenario latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Revilla Blanco, María Luisa

    2012-01-01

    En este artículo se analiza la acción de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil latinoamericanas: su evolución y el papel que juegan en la definición de la agenda internacional del desarrollo desde América Latina. Para ello, me detendré en los siguientes puntos: 1. Los hitos más importantes en la generación de consensos sobre los contenidos de esa agenda de desarrollo en lo que va de siglo y el reconocimiento del papel de las OSC. 2. La situación de América Latina en este contexto. ...

  14. Las Cumbres de las Américas: una nueva plataforma para la sociedad civil

    OpenAIRE

    Tussie, Diana; Botto, Mercedes

    2005-01-01

    RESUMEN: Este artículo analiza los avances logrados por las Cumbres de las Américas en materia de incorporación de los actores no gubernamentales en la definición de la agenda hemisférica. La descripción identifica los alcances de la apertura a nivel regional y a nivel nacional. En la conclusión, se evalúan los desafíos que enfrentan los foros de participación de la sociedad civil para institucionalizarse como plataformas democráticas de consulta y diálogo entre gobiernos y actores no guberna...

  15. La universidad: motor de transformación de la sociedad

    OpenAIRE

    Cazorla, Adolfo; Fernández-Pello, Carlos; Fontana, Alejandro; García, Adolfo José; De Giusti, Marisa Raquel; Gómez, Francisca; Herrán, Javier; Mínguez, Emilio; Muñoz, Janeth Patricia; Nicolás, Víctor Luis de; Regalado, José; Ríos Carmenado, Ignacio de los; Salgado, Juan Pablo; Stratta Fernández, Ricardo; Cazorla, Adolfo

    2017-01-01

    Entre los días 1 y 3 de septiembre de 2016 tuvo lugar en La Plata (Argentina) un Simposio Internacional organizado por profesores de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP) y de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM). El título del citado Simposio, "La Universidad Motor de transformación de la sociedad" nacía con un doble y ambicioso objetivo: mostrar el camino que algunas universidades de relieve mundial han recorrido y alentar mostrando una senda de mejora de su gobernanza-al conjunt...

  16. Las mujeres y el disenso en la construcción de la sociedad correntina

    OpenAIRE

    González, Nelly Estela; García, Analía Silvia

    2009-01-01

    Hoy los estudios sobre familia y el rol de la mujer dentro de ella gozan de gran vitalidad tal vez porque son temáticas que resultan próximas a investigadores y lectores, pertenecen a nuestra experiencia personal y quien estudia un problema social nunca es un observador distante sino un individuo inmerso en la sociedad que analiza. Los historiadores sostienen que el poder y la desigualdad social constituyen factores básicos de la historia por ello las relaciones de dominación asumen un pap...

  17. A sociedade e a influência do e-commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Cleide Ane Barbosa; FACULDADE JOSÉ AUGUSTO VIEIRA; Silva, Lângesson Lopes; PROFESSOR DA FACULDADE JOSÉ AUGUSTO VIEIRA

    2012-01-01

    O presente artigo caracteriza-se por um estudo bibliográfico e de campo que visa levantar informações sobre a influência do comércio eletrônico sobre a sociedade, destacando a importância do mesmo hoje. Pretende-se, também, tratar das vantagens e desvantagens que o e-commerce possui e os seus principais conceitos. Os resultados da análise indicam que algumas pessoas ainda não confiam na compra via internet. Através deste trabalho pode se notar que atualmente o comércio online necessita de uma...

  18. Estrategias competitivas para el desarrollo sostenido de Sociedad Minera El Brocal S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Escudero Simón, William Gilberto; Escudero Simón, William Gilberto

    2000-01-01

    El presente trabajo fue elaborado para Sociedad Minera El Brocal S.A., Empresa Minera que viene operando en forma continuada desde 1890 y está dedicada a la explotación de minerales de Zinc, Plomo, concentración y comercialización. El propósito principal de esta tesis es aportar a El Brocal con pautas para la implementación de un planeamiento estratégico, el cual también será apoyado en un costeo basado en actividades (ABC, Activity Based Costing), en el cual redefinimos la misión y formu...

  19. Universidade, sociedade e território no Brasil: Um estudo de caso na Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva Brito, Marialda

    2013-01-01

    Esta investigación aborda la relación de la universidad con la sociedad y el territorio en Brasil y, particularmente, en el estado de Bahía. Concretamente son estudiados algunos condicionantes socio-territoriales a fin de comprobar sus relaciones con el surgimiento de esas instituciones de enseñanza superior y, al mismo tiempo, también son observadas las influencias de ellas sobre el desarrollo territorial. La metodología para investigar esta realidad dirigida al Brasil y Bahía, ha seguido pr...

  20. La universidad como agente promotor de la lectura en el contexto de la sociedad venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herminia Vicentelli

    Full Text Available Se presentan resultados de investigaciones sobre el desempeño lector del estudiante universitario y la intervención de la universidad en la promoción de la lectura, en el contexto de la sociedad venezolana. En función de las informaciones obtenidas, se derivan, entre otras, las siguientes conclusiones. Hay necesidad: a del perfeccionamiento sistemático del lector universitario; b Estimular la experiencia de la lectura en sus distintas funciones; c intervención efectiva de la universidad en la solución de la problemática planteada.

  1. Una escuela inclusiva para una sociedad plural : nuestro referente, nuestro futuro

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Tilve, María Dolores; Malvar Méndez, María Laura

    2009-01-01

    La escuela del siglo XXI se torna cada día más compleja. El alumnado cada vez es más diverso, por lo que las situaciones de exclusión e inadaptación escolar se multiplican. Se hace necesario, más que nunca, promover desde la escuela la tolerancia, la solidariedad, la igualdad, la justicia y el respeto por la diversidad cultural, religiosa y lingüística, así como la integración escolar y social de las personas independientemente de sus particularidades. En una sociedad abierta, plu...

  2. A cultura do estupro como método perverso de controle nas sociedades patriarcais

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Almeida Campos

    2016-01-01

    O presente artigo, ao conceber o crime de estupro como a expressão de uma perversão daqueles que o cometem, sendo o crime tipificado como hediondo no Brasil, tem por escopo responder os porquês de sua tolerância e naturalização, mormente nas sociedades de modelo patriarcal. Essa tolerância não apenas diz respeito a sua impunidade, mas envolve um conjunto de práticas que vigiam, manipulam, censuram o comportamento e dilaceram o corpo da vítima. O artigo sustenta que essas práticas integrariam ...

  3. Sociedades religiosas y organizaciones privadas de beneficencia en la frontera norte (Tijuana): Un primer acercamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Víctor Clark Alfaro

    1991-01-01

    A partir de la década de los setenta se da un crecimiento importante de organizaciones religiosas en América Latina y del que la frontera norte no ha sido ajeno.El propósito de esta investigación es dar una visión aproximada de la presencia cada vez más numerosa de sociedades religiosas y organizaciones privadas de beneficencia y su impacto social en distintos ámbitos de la ciudad de Tijuana con una breve referencia a la zona rural (San Quintín). La información que se ofrece fue recopilada an...

  4. EL DISEÑO SOCIOINSTITUCIONAL DE LAS CIUDADES EN LA SOCIEDAD DEL APRENDIZAJE

    OpenAIRE

    José Gerardo Moreno Ayala

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es formular los criterios y principios de sentido comúnque la sociedad del aprendizaje impone al diseño socioinstitucional de las ciudades. De esta manera, en la primera parte del trabajo, se expone que desde las tres últimas décadas del siglo XX el mundo se encuentra frente a una transformación radical caracterizada por un cambio de paradigmas tecnoeconómicos: del fordista-keynesiano a otro definido como informático global. Con la finalidad de comprender camb...

  5. Internet, comunicación y sociedad red: algoritmos para un periodismo multiconectado

    OpenAIRE

    González-Benito, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación se articula sobre tres ejes: la influencia de la evolución tecnológica —concretamente, de Internet y los dispositivos móviles de comunicación— en el cambio de los modelos comunicativos —describiendo la transición de la comunicación de masas a la autocomunicación de masas—; el efecto de estos nuevos modelos sobre la sociedad red —analizando el fenómeno de las revoluciones 2.0— y, por último, el impacto de los dos factores anteriores sobre el sector p...

  6. Boxeo y proceso de civilización en la sociedad española

    OpenAIRE

    Raúl Sánchez García

    2009-01-01

    Durante el siglo xx el boxeo en la sociedad española pasó de ser un deporte de masas a ser una actividad olvidada a finales de los años setenta. El boxeo, sumido en ese tiempo en una profunda crisis institucional y deportiva, no pudo resistir las amplias críticas vertidas desde una opinión pública muy influida en la etapa democrática por unas emergentes nuevas clases medias, especialmente sensibles respecto a toda manifestación abierta de conflicto humano y violencia. Ya que el mundo del boxe...

  7. Tendencias actuales del Procedimiento Civil en Colombia y sus nuevos avances hacia una sociedad moderna

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Rafael Vergara Camargo

    2012-01-01

    ResumenAnalizar la aproximación actual del Procedimiento Civil en Colombia, es acercarnos a las realidades sociales, políticas, económicas y jurídicas; de ahí que cada día hay que repensar para reubicarnos en nuestro contexto, las normatividades jurídicas que permiten resolver oportunamente las problemáticas que se dan en torno a las relaciones de nuestra sociedad las cuales se presentan y no están alejadas de nuestra realidad; por eso como Colombia es un país en vía de desarrollo, que se enc...

  8. La radio en la segunda república española: sociedad y publicidad

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián Morillas, Sebastián

    2006-01-01

    El artículo versa sobre la evolución del medio radio durante la II República Española a la vez que analiza la publicidad radiofónica de la época y sus efectos en una sociedad a punto de dividirse en dos bandos enfrentados en armas. This article is about the evolution of the radio broadcast during the Second Spanish Republic. It also analyses the radio commercials in that time, and how this commercials had a great influence on Spanish society, which was close to a civil war.

  9. Sociedade Central de Cervejas e Bebidas : entering in the craft beer trend with Affligem

    OpenAIRE

    Batista, Marta Filipa Freire Antón

    2014-01-01

    Sociedade Central de Cervejas e Bebidas (SCC) is one of biggest players in the Portuguese beer industry. In 2013, together with Unicer, its biggest competitor, both groups owned 94% of the market. Part of the Heineken International Company since 2007, SCC was invited to be part of the worldwide launch of Affligem, the new global brand from Heineken group. Aiming to be the beacon brand in the specialty beer category, Affligem is a Belgian abbey beer with almost one thousand years of history. B...

  10. David Hume e as Paixões Indiretas na Sociedade em Rede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Porto

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende trazer à discussão a importância da Teoria das Paixões desenvolvida por David Hume como um horizonte interpretativo para as ações dos indivíduos conetados às redes sociais da Internet. Para tanto, este trabalho abordará inicialmente o que conhecemos por sociedade em rede e o importante papel desempenhado pela Internet nessa configuração social; em seguida, analisaremos como as paixões indiretas influenciam os indivíduos conectados à rede internacional de computadores

  11. Turismo masivo y alternativo. Distinciones de la sociedad moderna/posmoderna

    OpenAIRE

    Osorio García, Maribel

    2010-01-01

    El artículo que se presenta caracteriza al turismo como una distinción de la modernidad, desde la teoría de Niklas Luhmann. Para tal efecto se asume que la modernidad es una autodescripción de la sociedad funcionalmente diferenciada, en la cual el turismo actúa como un medio que hace posible acoplar distintos sistemas funcionales para su ejecución. Sobre esta base, se identifica el acoplamiento que logra el turismo entre el sistema económico y el de los medios masivos de comunicación, y se me...

  12. Images and society (or Images, Society and its Decoding Las imágenes y la sociedad (o las imágenes, la sociedad y su desciframiento

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    Juan Soto Ramírez

    2012-11-01

    descifrar o conocer sus significados, primero es preciso conocer la vida simbólica de las sociedades donde aparecen. Las imágenes no tienen un solo significado puesto que éste depende de la geografía histórica y cultural donde se presentan. Las imágenes siempre guardan una estrecha relación con la sociedad que les vio nacer. Las caricaturas de Mahoma no ofenden a todos por igual.

     

  13. Factors of honeybee colony performances on sunflower at apiary scale

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    Kretzschmar André

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available An observatory of honeybee colonies (Apis mellifera, consisting of at least 200 colonies, divided into 10 apiaries of 20 colonies, was monitored for three years on sunflower honeyflow (2015–2017. The purpose of this observatory is to understand which factors control colony performance during sunflower honeyflow in south-western France. From the temporal dynamics of weight gain, statistical analysis reveals a hierarchy of factors. First, variability in apiary scale performance is an image of the effect of resource variability. But, in addition to this primordial factor, two other factors contribute very significantly to performance. On the one hand, the amount of capped brood and the number of bees at the time of the installation of the apiary: these two elements testify to the vitality of the colony. The second remarkable factor is the Varroa load, which strongly penalizes performance beyond a certain threshold. The negative effect of the Varroa load on the colony performance is minimized in case of abondant sunflower honey flow.

  14. Structural organisation and dynamics in king penguin colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerum, Richard; Richter, Sebastian; Fabry, Ben; Le Bohec, Céline; Bonadonna, Francesco; Nesterova, Anna; Zitterbart, Daniel P.

    2018-04-01

    During breeding, king penguins do not build nests, however they show strong territorial behaviour and keep a pecking distance to neighbouring penguins. Penguin positions in breeding colonies are highly stable over weeks and appear regularly spaced, but thus far no quantitative analysis of the structural order inside a colony has been performed. In this study, we use the radial distribution function to analyse the spatial coordinates of penguin positions. Coordinates are obtained from aerial images of two colonies that were observed for several years. Our data demonstrate that the structural order in king penguin colonies resembles a 2D liquid of particles with a Lennard-Jones-type interaction potential. We verify this using a molecular dynamics simulation with thermally driven particles, whereby temperature corresponds to penguin movements, the energy well depth ɛ of the attractive potential corresponds to the strength of the colony-forming behaviour, and the repulsive zone corresponds to the pecking radius. We can recapitulate the liquid disorder of the colony, as measured by the radial distribution function, when the particles have a temperature of several (1.4–10) \

  15. No intracolonial nepotism during colony fissioning in honey bees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel, Juliana; Mattila, Heather R.; Seeley, Thomas D.

    2009-01-01

    Most species of social insects have singly mated queens, but in some species each queen mates with numerous males to create a colony whose workers belong to multiple patrilines. This colony genetic structure creates a potential for intracolonial nepotism. One context with great potential for such nepotism arises in species, like honey bees, whose colonies reproduce by fissioning. During fissioning, workers might nepotistically choose between serving a young (sister) queen or the old (mother) queen, preferring the former if she is a full-sister but the latter if the young queen is only a half-sister. We examined three honeybee colonies that swarmed, and performed paternity analyses on the young (immature) queens and samples of workers who either stayed with the young queens in the nest or left with the mother queen in the swarm. For each colony, we checked whether patrilines represented by immature queens had higher proportions of staying workers than patrilines not represented by immature queens. We found no evidence of this. The absence of intracolonial nepotism during colony fissioning could be because the workers cannot discriminate between full-sister and half-sister queens when they are immature, or because the costs of behaving nepotistically outweigh the benefits. PMID:19692398

  16. Relationship of colony-stimulating activity to apparent kill of human colony-forming cells by irradiation and hydroxyurea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broxmeyer, H.E.; Galbraith, P.R.; Baker, F.L.

    1976-01-01

    Suspensions of human bone marrow cells were subjected to 137 Cs irradiation in vitro and then cultured in semisolid agar medium. Cultures of irradiated cells were stimulated with colony-stimulating activity (CSA) of different potencies, and it was found that the amount of stimulation applied to cultures influenced the apparent kill of colony-forming cells (CFC). It was also found that the effects of irradiation on colony formation were not confined to CFC kill since medium conditioned by cells during irradiation exhibited stimulatory and inhibitory properties after treatment by 600 and 1000 rads, respectively. Studies in which irradiated cells were pretreated with hydroxyurea indicated that CFC in the DNA synthetic phase of the cell cycle were particularly sensitive to low doses of irradiation. The proliferative capacity of CFC surviving 1000 rads was undiminished as judged by their ability to form large colonies. Estimates of CFC kill by hydroxyurea were also affected by the level of CSA

  17. Microbiome of Trichodesmium Colonies from the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre

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    Mary R. Gradoville

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Filamentous diazotrophic Cyanobacteria of the genus Trichodesmium, often found in colonial form, provide an important source of new nitrogen to tropical and subtropical marine ecosystems. Colonies are composed of several clades of Trichodesmium in association with a diverse community of bacterial and eukaryotic epibionts. We used high-throughput 16S rRNA and nifH gene sequencing, carbon (C and dinitrogen (N2 fixation assays, and metagenomics to describe the diversity and functional potential of the microbiome associated with Trichodesmium colonies collected from the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG. The 16S rRNA and nifH gene sequences from hand-picked colonies were predominantly (>99% from Trichodesmium Clade I (i.e., T. thiebautii, which is phylogenetically and ecologically distinct from the Clade III IMS101 isolate used in most laboratory studies. The bacterial epibiont communities were dominated by Bacteroidetes, Alphaproteobacteria, and Gammaproteobacteria, including several taxa with a known preference for surface attachment, and were relatively depleted in the unicellular Cyanobacteria and small photoheterotrophic bacteria that dominate NPSG surface waters. Sequencing the nifH gene (encoding a subcomponent of the nitrogenase enzyme identified non-Trichodesmium diazotrophs that clustered predominantly among the Cluster III nifH sequence-types that includes putative anaerobic diazotrophs. Trichodesmium colonies may represent an important habitat for these Cluster III diazotrophs, which were relatively rare in the surrounding seawater. Sequence analyses of nifH gene transcripts revealed several cyanobacterial groups, including heterocystous Richelia, associated with the colonies. Both the 16S rRNA and nifH datasets indicated strong differences between Trichodesmium epibionts and picoplankton in the surrounding seawater, and also between the epibionts inhabiting Trichodesmium puff and tuft colony morphologies. Metagenomic and 16S r

  18. La proto-industria azucarera: Recio pilar en el desarrollo del imperio colonial en América

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    Abel Juárez Martínez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación susodicha a través de las observaciones realizadas al documento denominado Cuaderno curioso y práctica de purgadores, nos permite conocer a profundidad, la organización social interna y la estructura industrial, así como el estado que guardaba la tecnología en un ingenio del período colonial novohispano; así como las diferentes calificaciones y especialidades que tenía la fuerza de trabajo desde las plantaciones azucareras al batey. Resulta interesante por ejemplo los estereotipos que los hacendados aplican a los indígenas tanto de su belleza o fealdad como los juicios que emiten de la importancia de su mano de obra. Al respecto, resulta interesante la concepción que poseen las asesores de la monarquía española para con la población nativa, a la cual consideran como una fuente de ingresos y una vía de ahorro considerable beneficios logrados sin la necesidad de que se les proporcionase las "luces" de la cultura europea. El análisis referido, también nos abre vetas de estudio en torno a la situación de la mujer; habida cuenta de que tanto la legislación como la educación escolástica hegemónica no la consideraban un sujeto independiente sino un objeto, el cual para su desenvolvimiento en sociedad dependía absolutamente del hombre.Palabras Clave: Ingenio; Tecnología; Indígenas; Colonia; Caña. The proto-sugar industry in the development of colonial rule in America AbstractThe present research allows us to understand at length the social and industrial structure; the technological state of the art at a sugar mill of the novohispano colonial period and the different qualifications and specializations of the workforce from the plantation to the batey. The stereotypes landowners attributed to the indigenous population, in extremes of beauty or ugliness, as well as their regard of indigenous labor, are of special interest. The advisors of the Spanish monarchy regard the native population as source of income and

  19. Sociedad Española y Medicina del Trabajo del siglo XXI

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    María Castellano Arroyo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se hace un repaso por los cambios ocurridos en la sociedad española desde la perspectiva demográfica, los movimientos migratorios, los modelos familiares, la cultura y la educación, la situación económica o la tecnología. Se analizan las características de la población activa, desempleada y jubilada. Desde esta perspectiva, se analizan los objetivos de la Medicina del Trabajo y su oportunidad de ofrecer aportaciones imaginativas en la sociedad del futuro, progresivamente más envejecida. La investigación, la promoción de la salud y la formación en hábitos saludables desde la edad laboral juvenil, la mejor integración de la población trabajadora, etc., proporcionará una mejor salud no solo en la época laboral, sino mucho más allá cuando se haya producido la jubilación.

  20. Responsabilidade Social das empresas: a contraface da sociedade civil e da cidadania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simionatto, Ivete

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem como objeto o estudo das mudanças que vêm ocorrendo nas relações entre Estado e sociedade civil e sua manifestação específica nas propostas articuladas em torno da responsabilidade social das empresas. Parte-se da hipótese de que estas práticas vêm contribuindo para a formação de consensos que fortalecem a hegemonia do capital na atualidade, mediante a redução do papel do Estado e o fortalecimento da esfera privada como setor de regulação social. Este cenário indica mudanças nas relações entre Estado e sociedade civil, uma vez que a responsabilidade social das empresas manifesta-se como uma nova proposta de sociabilidade e de resposta às expressões da questão social. Por fim, identifica-se que os serviços sociais oferecidos através da responsabilidade social fortalecem o campo do voluntariado, da solidariedade e das instituições do terceiro setor, precarizam o trabalho do Assistente Social com rebatimentos na esfera da cidadania e dos demais valores e princípios que sustentam o projeto ético-político da profissão

  1. Nise da Silveira, Fernando Diniz e Leon Hirszman: política, sociedade e arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Melo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda o processo de construção do filme Imagens do Inconsciente, mais especificamente do episódio Em Busca do Espaço Cotidiano, sobre Fernando Diniz e sua produção pictórica. O encontro entre a psiquiatra Nise da Silveira e o cineasta Leon Hirszman está marcado pela não dissociação de política, sociedade e arte. O trabalho terapêutico e de reabilitação psicossocial desenvolvido por Nise da Silveira tem como característica o estabelecimento de importantes conexões com o campo das artes, possibilitando o diálogo com toda a sociedade. Esse trabalho de transformação cultural e de mentalidades fez com que fosse questionada a exclusão social dos chamados doentes mentais e transformada a política de assistência no campo da saúde mental no Brasil.

  2. ALERTA DE TECNOLOGIAS NOVAS E EMERGENTES: O DESAFIO DE INFORMAR A SOCIEDADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollyanna Teresa Cirilo Gomes

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available O monitoramento do Horizonte Tecnológico (MHT é uma etapa específica da Avaliação de Tecnologias em Saúde. Este trabalho teve como objetivo construir um modelo de Alerta de MHT centrado na sociedade, nos gestores e nos profissionais de saúde, a fim de ser utilizado no âmbito do Ministério da Saúde. Para isso, foram pesquisados nos sítios eletrônicos das agências integrantes da EuroScan, informes e alertas de tecnologias em saúde novas e emergentes. A partir dessa busca, levou-se em consideração a relevância da informação, a rapidez na obtenção dos dados e a disponibilidade para a equipe elaboradora. Os Alertas de MHT poderão promover o acesso dos diferentes segmentos da sociedade a informações baseadas na melhor evidência científica disponível, e poderá auxiliar nos processos de tomada decisão em saúde.

  3. Indicadores cualitativos de la sociedad de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Echeverría

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available La sociedad de la información (SI requiere un espacio para desarrollarse: el espacio electrónico, generado por las tecnologías de la información y de las comunicaciones (TIC. Si concebimos ese espacio sólo como un mercado informacional (acceso y contenidos, los indicadores que miden el desarrollo de la SI serán cuantitativos y tendrán un claro sesgo mercantilista. En cambio, si promovemos una sociedad civil de la información, tendremos que usar indicadores cualitativos que midan el desarrollo de la vida civil en el espacio electrónico y las capacidades de la ciudadanía por ser activa en él. Como ejemplo, se analiza críticamente el plan europeo e-Learning y los indicadores utilizados por la Unión Europea, centrados en la conexión a internet y el uso de las tecnologías multimedia. Partiendo de que la educación debe desarrollar ante todo las capacidades de acción en el espacio electrónico, se proponen indicadores cualitativos para la educación asistida por las TIC. Estos planteamientos pueden generalizarse a otras actividades sociales en el espacio electrónico.

  4. Modelos Matemáticos de la Sociedad y Aplicaciones. Introducción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio de la Peña

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad de esta serie de artículos es contribuir en la articulación urgente de dos áreas en intenso desarrollo pero con relativamente poco contacto entre sí, a pesar de que trabajan con problemas y fines comunes: por una parte el análisis de las redes sociales desde el punto de vista sociológico y antropológico, y por otro lado el análisis matemático de las redes sociales y la construcción de modelos. En esta serie de artículos intentamos desarrollar simultáneamente las dos direcciones en temas importantes, sin profundizar en ninguna de las dos direcciones pero sin trivializarlas. Para ello, avanzamos en la discusión de una serie de conceptos sociológicos y antropológicos (el individuo en sociedad, la formación de grupos, los líderes sociales, la formación de estructuras de gobierno, los conceptos de colaboración y conflicto social construyendo, con base a los principios básicos de carácter social que revisamos, modelos matemáticos de ellos. Modelos que nos permiten hacer predicciones simples de la sociedad y su comportamiento.

  5. La sociedad civil global en la gobernanza ambiental del sector agua en el mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Marín Aranguren

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Para referirse a la gobernanza ambiental en la que tiene un rol importante la sociedad civil global, se precisa, en primera instancia, determinar cuatro conceptos clave: sociedad civil, red, gobernanza ambiental y geopolítica. En segunda instancia, trabajar el recurso más que un servicio es un derecho que ha de ser inabrogable, justamente por ser una necesidad. Sin embargo, tomó más de una década tal reconocimiento en el contexto internacional. En la tercera y última instancia, se recurre a un par de casos para evidenciar que las redes robustecen la información existente y así la SCG logra ser exitosa en su labor de denuncia de irregularidades que suceden en diferentes partes del mundo. Esta dinámica revela un juego de poderes entre actores internacionales llenos de intereses geoestratégicos, que son susceptibles de futuros conflictos y en donde se requieren análisis más complejos en teoría de acción colectiva aplicada a los recursos de uso común.

  6. Nuevos modos de construcción de la identidad en la sociedad informacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Antonio J. Baladrón Pazos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La expansión de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación y su aplicación práctica, en muchos casos menor que el previo desarrollo teórico, están cambiando parcelas importantes de la vida en sociedad. Los nuevos medios crean nuevos modos, tanto en lo profesional como en cualquier otro ámbito de las relaciones sociales, así como en la propia esfera de la intimidad de cada persona. El cambio tiene tal trascendencia que junto a la hasta ahora base de las relaciones en sociedad, es decir, la comunicación entre personas (bien cara a cara o de manera mediática, aparecen nuevos mecanismos de integración del individuo en la colectividad y de construcción de la identidad personal, vinculados a la relación entre el hombre y el ordenador.

  7. A cigarra e a formiga: por uma paisagem sonora da sociedade globalizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloísa de Araújo Valente

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Há pouco mais de cem anos, a paisagem sonora urbana conhecia uma série de sons bizarros que, desde então, só se multiplicaram, a ponto de formar uma massa sonora de baixa definição acústica (lo-fi. Trata-se do som contínuo dos motores que, em última análise, transmitem mensagens repetitivas. De outra parte, a globalização deste final de século abocanha, a cada dia, um território espaço-cultural cada vez mais amplo. A música- pelo menos a música das mídias- já nasce cosmopolita, fazendo ressoar um mesmo repertório em todos os restaurantes e aeroportos do mundo. Cria-se, assim, uma mesma trilha sonora para o grande formigueiro humano que habita o planeta. O presente trabalho pretende discutir, através do exemplo da música, o papel da paisagem sonora atual, numa sociedade humana que adquire traços de uma sociedade entômica.

  8. Educación y sociedad: una nueva visión para el siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Ferrer

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El articulo presenta los rasgos más definitorios de la educación del próximo siglo. Con esta visión prospectiva parte, en primer lugar de las características más significativas de la sociedad presente y futura. Entre otros as pecios resalla su multiculturalidad, su envejecimiento poblacional, su interconectivad a través de las nuevas tecnologías, su globalización, su interdependencia; en suma, su complejidad. Este breve análisis sociológico, que plantea el autor, es el paso previo para poder señalar los elementos distintivos de un modelo educativo que debe adaptarse a una situación nueva pero que también debe proporcionar instrumentos para su transformación. La educación intercultural, solidaria, critica, universalista. creativa. tanto en el marco formal, como no formal e informal constituirán, sin duda alguna, los fundamentos de una sociedad mejor en el futuro. 

  9. Ainda conectado: o PT e seus vínculos com a sociedade

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    Oswaldo Amaral

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é mostrar que o Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT continua mantendo vínculos sólidos com a sociedade civil organizada e a atrair filiados, apesar das transformações pelas quais passou a partir da segunda metade da década de 1990, especialmente sob aspecto ideológico-programático. A partir da análise de dados sobre os filiados e a organização partidária, bem como de surveys realizados com os delegados petistas reunidos em encontros nacionais entre 1997 e 2007, mostramos que o PT continua permeável à participação de atores da sociedade civil organizada assim como teve um crescimento significativo no número de membros durante os anos do governo Lula.The main aim of this paper is to show that the Workers' Party (PT continues to be strongly attached to civil society organizations and capable of attracting members after a series of programmatic and ideological changes in the last 15 years. Through the evaluation of membership and organizational data and also the analysis of surveys conducted among PT's delegates between 1997 and 2007, we show that the party still has strong connections to civil society organizations and increased significantly its number of members during Lula's government.

  10. O portador de altas habilidades e sua inclusão na sociedade

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    Ana Lucia Batista

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata da questão dos portadores de altas habilidades e sua inclusão na sociedade. Os portadores de altas habilidades são sujeitos inquiridores, não conformistas e dotados de grande curiosidade o que propicia dificuldades adaptativas, pois a sociedade é não-convencional, apresentando uma resistência natural às diferenças qualitativamente superiores. Cabe portanto à escola possibilitar a integração deste pequeno grupo ao contexto social e uma das maneiras de fazê-lo é estabelecendo um diálogo com o objeto do conhecimento muito bem propiciado pela Filosofia, a qual predispõe a uma busca de questionamentos e resolução de problemas. Através da Filosofia, os alunos participam ativamente da construção do conhecimento - o que é capaz de tornar o ensino prazeroso e desafiador, desenvolvendo desde muito cedo o exercício do pensar e refletir.

  11. As empresas em sociedades contemporâneas: a responsabilidade social no Norte e no Sul

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    Paola Cappellin

    Full Text Available Neste artigo a difusão do lema da responsabilidade social é resgatada pela analise de três percursos internacionais: EUA, Brasil e União Européia. No primeiro caso, a vasta literatura sociológica americana relata as preocupações e as pressões de diferentes atores sociais dirigidas às empresas americanas, ao longo dos anos 1960. No Brasil, as primeiras elaborações provêm de associações empresariais nos meados dos anos 60 e se ampliam justo quando a sociedade, no fim dos anos 1990, demanda prosseguir na direção a integrar o compromisso da aplicação das normas e direitos do trabalho. Na União Européia, o lema da responsabilidade social é introduzido nos finais dos anos 1990 envolvendo o compromisso de fazer retroagir a alta taxa de desemprego estrutural. Na última seção, a análise comparativa internacional sugere recompor o quadro dos diversos conteúdos da responsabilidade social a partir da grande questão que está em debate nas sociedades: recompor o compromisso de fortalecimento do vínculo de emprego como fonte de cidadania social.

  12. A cultura do estupro como método perverso de controle nas sociedades patriarcais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Almeida Campos

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo, ao conceber o crime de estupro como a expressão de uma perversão daqueles que o cometem, sendo o crime tipificado como hediondo no Brasil, tem por escopo responder os porquês de sua tolerância e naturalização, mormente nas sociedades de modelo patriarcal. Essa tolerância não apenas diz respeito a sua impunidade, mas envolve um conjunto de práticas que vigiam, manipulam, censuram o comportamento e dilaceram o corpo da vítima. O artigo sustenta que essas práticas integrariam métodos de controle de uma cultura denominada de “cultura do estupro”. Sendo esse método próprio das sociedades patriarcais que teria no estupro um de seus instrumentos de domínio fálico e de manutenção de suas estruturas de poder. A metodologia empregada foi a da revisão bibliográfica, ou seja, fontes secundárias. Tendo o artigo como principais referenciais teóricos, as obras de Friedrich Engels, de Sigmund Freud e de Michel Foucault.

  13. SOBRE LA PAZ Y LOS DIÁLOGOS. CONSIDERACIONES SOBRE EL PAPEL DE LA SOCIEDAD CIVIL

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    William Ortiz Jiménez

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo hace una reflexión en torno al proceso de paz que se llevó a cabo en el gobierno del presidente Andrés Pastrana, y la participación que tuvo la sociedad civil en este asunto. Pero, trasciende, además, a la situación actual del conflicto en Colombia. A partir de las formulaciones de varios teóricos, entre los que se destacan Daniel Pécaut, Cohen, y Arato., Margarita Bonamusa, María Teresa Uribe, Daniel García-Peña, Habermas, Rawls, entre otros, se fortalece un marco teórico y de referencia bastante sólido para mostrar cómo lo público es indispensable en las acotaciones que lleven a la solución de los conflictos. Sin el concurso de lo público, tampoco sería viable la participación de la sociedad civil. Los espacios de solución de conflictos, el ágora, en palabras de Hanna Arendt, es el lugar esencial para la discusión, el consenso y los acuerdos. En política, la esfera de lo público prima sobre lo privado, porque el reconocimiento de las libertades, manifestaciones y la plenitud de los derechos sólo se logra en lugares comunes.

  14. La violencia en una sociedad rural. Córdoba 1900-1930

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    Raúl Ramírez Ruiz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan los rasgos característicos de violencia en una sociedad rural como la cordobesa durante el primer tercio del siglo XX. Para ello se analizan los tipos de delitos cometidos, su distribución territorial y su frecuencia numérica. El objetivo que perseguíamos era describir y cuantificar los tipos delictivos que aquella sociedad producía y sobre dicha información comprender la realidad histórica del territorio cordobés durante el reinado de Alfonso XIII. Para la descripción de la delincuencia procedimos a la recopilación del 5% de todas las sentencias publicadas en referido lapso (mediante la selección aleatoria del 10% de años alternos.__________________ABSTRACT:This paper analyses the characteristic features of violence in a rural society, using the example of Cordoba during the first third of the 20th century. It examines two kinds of offences that were committed, their territorial distribution and their numerical frequency. Our objective was to describe and quantify the criminal types that were present in that society and on the basis of that information understand the historical reality of the territory of Cordoba during the rule of Alfonso XIII. In order to describe the delinquency we proceed to compile 5% of all sentences announced during the period in question (by random selection of 10% from alternate years.

  15. Sociedad, epistemología y metodología en Boaventura de Sousa Santos

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    Helder Alejandro Binimelis-Espinoza

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta publicación es analizar la obra de Boaventura de Sousa Santos, especialmente su comprensión de las sociedades contemporáneas y los desafíos epistemológicos y metodológicos actuales. Mediante una revisión documental de su obra y aportes críticos de otros autores, se distingue su comprensión crítica y utópica de las sociedades actuales, y la necesidad de renovación de los procesos de construcción de conocimiento. Los aportes de este trabajo son, por una parte, integrar la crítica de Santos a la modernidad con su propuesta utópica, y su relación con las epistemologías del sur, la ecología de saberes y la traducción intercultural. Por otra parte, la identificación de estrategias concretas de generación de saberes desde una perspectiva intercultural. Las conclusiones están orientadas hacia una evaluación crítica de la discusión desarrollada con Santos, y su relevancia en el contexto de las ciencias sociales latinoamericanas.

  16. CORTESÍA SOCIOCULTURAL EN LAS SOCIEDADES MEDELLINENSE Y JAPONESA: UNA INTRODUCCIÓN

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    Ji Son Jang

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un análisis intercultural de la sociedad medellinense y la japonesa, teniendo en cuenta la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, con el fin de que sirva de apoyo para los aprendices de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera. Como punto de partida, se acude a nociones como pragmática en interlengua, transferencia pragmática y el modelo de la cortesía verbal de Brown y Levinson (1987, junto con las nociones de face flattering acts (FFAs, cortesía mitigadora, cortesía valorizante, imagen de autonomía y afiliación, y los contenidos concretos de estas últimas dos categorías. El corpus del estudio se basa en algunos episodios recogidos en Medellín y en Japón. El análisis se centra en algunos actos de habla, especialmente en las relaciones interpersonales no solidarias. En este tipo de relaciones, en la sociedad medellinense se prefiere salvar la imagen positiva, y en la japonesa, la imagen negativa. Es importante señalar explícitamente la variabilidad de la cortesía sociocultural de una cultura a otra, no sólo a los aprendices avanzados de una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera, sino también a los principiantes.

  17. Sociedades multiculturais nas instituições de educação formal

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    Franciele dos Santos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva apresentar algumas considerações em torno das sociedades multiculturais nas instituições de educação formal e como os diferentes grupos sociais podem estar vivendo uma educação a margem da qualidade do ensino por conta de suas diferentes culturas, procuramos pontuar ainda contribuições de alguns autores sobre o tema. Nossa intenção é chamar a atenção para as consequências de uma educação que não considera a subjetividade de cada sujeito inserido no espaço escolar, gerando desrespeito e intolerância, o que pode interferir na formação e qualidade do ensino de cada aluno. Não pretendemos abordar um segmento específico, apenas atentar para a necessidade de respeito às diferentes culturas, a luz de alguns autores que discutem o mesmo tema.Palavras-chave: educação; multiculturalismo; sociedades multiculturais.

  18. Las formas de alfabetización en la sociedad de la información

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    Joaquín GARCÍA CARRASCO

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de alfabetización ha ido transformando su significado, de un sentido literal a otro metafórico, para terminar en una propuesta de Educación Básica, lo que plantea el problema de las exigencias básicas culturales que plantea la alfabetización en el contexto de la Sociedad de la Información. Esta metamorfosis ha llevado a la expresión alfabetizaciones múltiples, implicando en el proceso alfabetizador muchas dimensiones. El análisis de la alfabetización llevaría a la reconstrucción histórica del proceso de incorporación cultural, tomando en cuenta tres contingencias culturales extraordinarias: la introducción del lenguaje oral y las culturas de oralidad, la introducción de la lecto-escritura y la aparición de las culturas que corresponden, la introducción de las tecnologías digitales y la aparición de la denominada Sociedad de la Información. La metamorfosis de la alfabetización demuestra que no puede llevarse a cabo sino como vigencia de las tres contingencias culturales.

  19. Colonie Interim Storage Site annual site environmental report for calendar year 1989, Colonie, New York

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-05-01

    IN 1984, Congress assigned the cleanup of the National Lead (NL) Industries site in Colonie, New York, to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a decontamination research and development project under the 1984 Energy and Water Appropriations Act. DOE then included the site in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), an existing DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain for the early years of the nation's atomic energy program. DOE instituted an environmental monitoring program at the site in 1984. Results are presented annually in reports such as this. Under FUSRAP, the first environmental monitoring report for this site presented data for calendar year 1984. This report presents the findings of the environmental monitoring program conducted during calendar year 1989. 16 refs., 17 figs., 14 tabs

  20. Colonie Interim Storage Site: Annual environmental report for calendar year 1990, Colonie, New York

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-09-01

    Environmental monitoring of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) and surrounding area began in 1984. CISS is part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), a DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sties where residual radioactive materials remain from the early years of the nation's atomic energy program or from commercial operations causing conditions that Congress has authorized DOE to remedy. The routine environmental monitoring program at CISS includes sampling networks for external gamma radiation exposures and for radium-226, throium-232, an total uranium concentrations in surface water, sediment, and groundwater. Additionally, the nonradiological parameters volatile and semivolatile organics, pesticides/polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals, total organic carbon (TOC), total organic halides (TOX), specific conductivity, and pH are measured in groundwater. 14 refs., 20 figs., 25 tabs

  1. Colonie Interim Storage Site annual site environmental report for calendar year 1989, Colonie, New York

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-05-01

    IN 1984, Congress assigned the cleanup of the National Lead (NL) Industries site in Colonie, New York, to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a decontamination research and development project under the 1984 Energy and Water Appropriations Act. DOE then included the site in the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), an existing DOE program to decontaminate or otherwise control sites where residual radioactive materials remain for the early years of the nation's atomic energy program. DOE instituted an environmental monitoring program at the site in 1984. Results are presented annually in reports such as this. Under FUSRAP, the first environmental monitoring report for this site presented data for calendar year 1984. This report presents the findings of the environmental monitoring program conducted during calendar year 1989. 16 refs., 17 figs., 14 tabs.

  2. Elites em perspectiva: uma discussão sobre hierarquias, composição da riqueza e consolidação dos grupos hegemônicos em São João del Rei = Elites in perspective: a discussion about hierarchies, composition of wealth and consolidation of hegemonic groups in São João del Rei

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    Melo, Keila Cecília de

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa aspectos econômicos da elite colonial mineira a partir de meados do século XVIII, mediante a investigação empírica da sociedade de São João Del Rei. O comércio em São João assumiu um papel central na liquidez da economia regional, permitindo a formação de grupos hegemônicos no século XIX. Mas há ainda muitas dúvidas sobre quem era essa elite no século XVIII. Com base em pesquisa prosopográfica que reconstrói os caminhos dos homens arrolados por Domingos Nunes Vieira como os mais ricos da capitania de Minas Gerais no ano de 1756, percebemos que a elite mineira que se formou no século XVIII diferia dos padrões mais gerais para a caracterização de grupos hegemônicos em outras regiões do Brasil, no mesmo período

  3. Spread of plague among black-tailed prairie dogs is associated with colony spatial characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, T.L.; Cully, J.F.; Collinge, S.K.; Ray, C.; Frey, C.M.; Sandercock, B.K.

    2011-01-01

    Sylvatic plague (Yersinia pestis) is an exotic pathogen that is highly virulent in black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) and causes widespread colony losses and individual mortality rates >95%. We investigated colony spatial characteristics that may influence inter-colony transmission of plague at 3 prairie dog colony complexes in the Great Plains. The 4 spatial characteristics we considered include: colony size, Euclidean distance to nearest neighboring colony, colony proximity index, and distance to nearest drainage (dispersal) corridor. We used multi-state mark-recapture models to determine the relationship between these colony characteristics and probability of plague transmission among prairie dog colonies. Annual mapping of colonies and mark-recapture analyses of disease dynamics in natural colonies led to 4 main results: 1) plague outbreaks exhibited high spatial and temporal variation, 2) the site of initiation of epizootic plague may have substantially influenced the subsequent inter-colony spread of plague, 3) the long-term effect of plague on individual colonies differed among sites because of how individuals and colonies were distributed, and 4) colony spatial characteristics were related to the probability of infection at all sites although the relative importance and direction of relationships varied among sites. Our findings suggest that conventional prairie dog conservation management strategies, including promoting large, highly connected colonies, may need to be altered in the presence of plague. ?? 2011 The Wildlife Society.

  4. Social interactions in the central nest of Coptotermes formosanus juvenile colonies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juvenile colonies of Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki were investigated to determine the social interactions among all individuals near the central nest of a colony. The behavioral repertoire of whole colonies of subterranean termites has yet to be identified because of their cryptic nests. Colonies w...

  5. Variation in Symbiodinium ITS2 sequence assemblages among coral colonies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stat, Michael; Bird, Christopher E; Pochon, Xavier; Chasqui, Luis; Chauka, Leonard J; Concepcion, Gregory T; Logan, Dan; Takabayashi, Misaki; Toonen, Robert J; Gates, Ruth D

    2011-01-05

    Endosymbiotic dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium are fundamentally important to the biology of scleractinian corals, as well as to a variety of other marine organisms. The genus Symbiodinium is genetically and functionally diverse and the taxonomic nature of the union between Symbiodinium and corals is implicated as a key trait determining the environmental tolerance of the symbiosis. Surprisingly, the question of how Symbiodinium diversity partitions within a species across spatial scales of meters to kilometers has received little attention, but is important to understanding the intrinsic biological scope of a given coral population and adaptations to the local environment. Here we address this gap by describing the Symbiodinium ITS2 sequence assemblages recovered from colonies of the reef building coral Montipora capitata sampled across Kāne'ohe Bay, Hawai'i. A total of 52 corals were sampled in a nested design of Coral Colony(Site(Region)) reflecting spatial scales of meters to kilometers. A diversity of Symbiodinium ITS2 sequences was recovered with the majority of variance partitioning at the level of the Coral Colony. To confirm this result, the Symbiodinium ITS2 sequence diversity in six M. capitata colonies were analyzed in much greater depth with 35 to 55 clones per colony. The ITS2 sequences and quantitative composition recovered from these colonies varied significantly, indicating that each coral hosted a different assemblage of Symbiodinium. The diversity of Symbiodinium ITS2 sequence assemblages retrieved from individual colonies of M. capitata here highlights the problems inherent in interpreting multi-copy and intra-genomically variable molecular markers, and serves as a context for discussing the utility and biological relevance of assigning species names based on Symbiodinium ITS2 genotyping.

  6. California gull chicks raised near colony edges have elevated stress levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Garth; Ackerman, Joshua T.

    2011-01-01

    Coloniality in nesting birds represents an important life history strategy for maximizing reproductive success. Birds nesting near the edge of colonies tend to have lower reproductive success than individuals nesting near colony centers, and offspring of edge-nesting parents may be impaired relative to those of central-nesting parents. We used fecal corticosterone metabolites in California gull chicks (Larus californicus) to examine whether colony size or location within the colony influenced a chick's physiological condition. We found that chicks being raised near colony edges had higher fecal corticosterone metabolite concentrations than chicks raised near colony centers, but that colony size (ranging from 150 to 11,554 nests) had no influence on fecal corticosterone levels. Fecal corticosterone metabolite concentrations also increased with chick age. Our results suggest that similarly aged California gull chicks raised near colony edges may be more physiologically stressed, as indicated by corticosterone metabolites, than chicks raised near colony centers.

  7. Simulación educativa: Herramienta didáctica para educación Ciencia Tecnología y Sociedad en la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad

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    Graciela López-Chávez Martínez

    Full Text Available El perfeccionamiento de la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad en la Educación Superior es una de la exigencias en los Lineamientos al VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba lo cual contribuye a la preparación de un profesional a la altura de los cambios científico tecnológicos que actualmente despliega la Educación Médica Superior cubana. Para el logro de este propósito se aplicó la simulación educativa como herramienta didáctica avanzada en temas de Ciencia Tecnología y Sociedad en la disciplina Filosofía y Sociedad, la que permitió a los educandos desarrollar habilidades investigativas, un pensamiento científico, político, económico y social así como elevar su nivel creativo y productivo.

  8. Thermally adapted design strategy of colonial houses in Surabaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antaryama, I. G. N.; Ekasiwi, S. N. N.; Mappajaya, A.; Ulum, M. S.

    2018-03-01

    Colonial buildings, including houses, have been considered as a representation of climate-responsive architecture. The design was thought to be a hybrid model of Dutch and tropical architecture. It was created by way of reinventing tropical and Dutch architecture design principles, and expressed in a new form, i.e. neither resembling Dutch nor tropical building. Aside from this new image, colonial house does show good climatic responses. Previous researches on colonial house generally focus on qualitative assessment of climate performance of the building. Yet this kind of study tends to concentrate on building elements, e.g. wall, window, etc. The present study is designed to give more complete picture of architecture design strategy of the house by exploring and analysing thermal performance of colonial buildings and their related architecture design strategies. Field measurements are conducted during the dry season in several colonial building in Surabaya. Air temperature and humidity are both taken, representing internal and external thermal conditions of the building. These data are then evaluated to determine thermal performance of the house. Finally, various design strategies are examined in order to reveal their significant contributions to its thermal performance. Results of the study in Surabaya confirm findings of the previous researches that are conducted in other locations, which stated that thermal performance of the house is generally good. Passive design strategies such as mass effect and ventilation play an important role in determining performance of the building.

  9. Combating Varroa destructor in Honeybee Colonies Using Flumethrin or Fluvalinate

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    A. Gregorc

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Mite mortality in two apiaries, one with 32 and the other with 15 honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica colonies, was recorded prior to and after flumethrin or fluvalinate treatments and after a control, oxalic-acid application. During the 42- and 51-day pre-treatment periods, the average daily natural mite drop was 0.04 (± 0.04 and 2.82 (± 2.19, respectively, which represents 1.09% (± 1.06 and 3.84% (± 3.04 of the total number of mites found during the experiment. The flumethrin or fluvalinate applications resulted in an average mite mortality at the two apiaries of 214.46 (± 260.02 and 4,098.64 (± 2,508.31. The treatments resulted in a 19.11% (± 14.62 and a 39.28% (± 10.47 reduction in the number of mites in slightly infested colonies and 94.30% (± 4.26 and 96.24% (± 3.14 in highly infested colonies. The difference in treatment efficacy between both apiaries was significant (P < 0.001 and indicates that fluvalinate and flumethrin are highly efficacious in dealing with highly infested honeybee colonies with sealed brood. The importance of effective mite control in colonies with a high level of natural mite mortality is discussed in this study.

  10. Food preparation in colonial America. A Bicentennial study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennion, M

    1976-07-01

    Both regional and national influences have pervaded America's culinary arts from colonial times until the present. In the South, for instance, indigenous foods, such as sweet potatoes--as well as an abundance of fruits and fowl--were commonly served. In the North, maple sirup was a New England product, as was codfish. Throughout the colonies, corn was easily grown and became a staple. Immigrants from the Old World brought their recipes to meld or adapt to conditions they met here. Recounted also is the unfolding of an American cuisine, especially in the southern colonies as it evolved from European food preparation practices. Cooking was done in great fireplaces, with equipment designed to fit. Meat was generally boiled or stewed in pots hung in the fireplace, although it might be slow-roasted on a hand-turned spit. Hot breads, the hallmark of southern cooking, date from colonial days. In the Noth, the Dutch farmer's wife developed real skill in using flour from home-grown wheat and rye, creating pancakes, waffles, doughnuts, crullers, and so on. After the first hard winter, food in New England became more plentiful. Boston brown bread was made from corn, wheat, or rye and probably sweetened with maple sirup. Imports of coffee, tea, and spices from the Orient and fruit from the tropics were later added to the cuisine. Colonial Americans understood well the art of food preparation and appreciated the taste of well prepared, well seasoned dishes.

  11. Creating Central Sulawesi. Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’

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    J. Coté

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Creating Central Sulawesi: Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’Central Sulawesi provides an example of how, under colonialism, non-state bodies contributed to the creation of new political identities in the Indonesian archipelago, and how the modern Indonesian state came to be based on these. Arguably, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the region was poised to be incorporated into the structure of one or other of the existing powerful Central and Southern Sulawesi political entities. As such, as just another ‘region’ in the sprawling archipelagic colony subjected to standard colonial policy, it should have been readily incorporated into the Indonesian state, albeit through the ‘Sulawesi Permesta’. Instead, in seeking to establish what one writer has described as a ‘volkskerk’ [people’s church], the ‘Poso mission’ established with colonial support by the Nederlandsche Zendinggenootschap [Netherlands Missionary Society] in 1892, was instrumental in defining new religious, cultural and linguistic boundaries. These acted to effectively isolate the Pamona people from adjacent Christian communities established by other missionary endeavours; from their Islamic neighbours and, arguably, from the ‘nation’. As elsewhere in the archipelago, the subsequent process of this region’s reintegration has formed part of the difficult postcolonial legacy inherited by the Indonesian nation.

  12. Remedial action work plan for the Colonie site. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-08-01

    The Colonie site is a DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) site located in the Town of Colonie, New York, and consisting of an interim storage site and several vicinity properties. The Colonie Interim Storage Site (CISS) is the former National Lead (NL) Industries plant located at 1130 Central Avenue. There are 11 vicinity properties that received remedial action in 1984: 7 located south of the site on Yardboro and Palmer Avenues just across the Colonie-Albany town limits in Albany, and 4 located northwest of the site along Central Avenue in Colonie. Of these properties, nine are residences and two are commercial properties. This document describes the engineering design, construction, and associated plans for remedial action on the vicinity properties and the interim storage site. These plans include both radiological and chemical work. Radiological work includes: excavating the above-guideline radioactive wastes on the vicinity properties; designing required facilities for the interim storage site; preparing the interim storage site to receive these contaminated materials; transporting the contaminated materials to the interim waste storage stockpile; and preparing necessary schedules for accomplishing the remedial actions. Chemical work involves: developing the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) closure plans; neutralizing chemical hazards associated with plating solutions; inventorying on-site chemicals; and disposal of chemicals and/or residues. 17 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

  13. Una experiencia malograda: la Sociedad de Socorros Mutuos del Clero (1847-1857

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    Váquez Vilanova, José Antonio

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Often, history contains bankrupt experiences, episodes that would remain forever unknown if the researcher´s work would not bring them to light. This is the case of the Society of Mutual Aids of the Clergy. Its creation responds to the initiative of a group of priests willing to find solutions to the difficult situation in which the clergy was, instead of complaining or missing past times, but also with the emulation desire, seen the good results, of the associations of workers that had begun to be constituted in Spain at those moments. However, Its short trajectory seems to have gone between economic difficulties and disagreements among its partners that finally will ruin the Society. In spite of this, many clergymen found in it an aid when more they needed it. Its final failure evidences, it is certain, the lack of solidarity and the lack of union of many of its members, but it does not hide those that responded positively and tried that the Society continued being a reality.

    A menudo, la historia encierra experiencias fallidas, episodios que de no ser por la labor del investigador, que las saca a la luz, permanecerían para siempre ignorados. Es el caso de la Sociedad de Socorros Mutuos del Clero. Su creación responde a la iniciativa de un grupo de sacerdotes dispuestos a encontrar soluciones a la difícil situación en que se hallaba sumido el clero, en lugar de lamentarse o añorar tiempos pasados, pero también al deseo de emulación, vistos los buenos resultados, de las asociaciones de trabajadores que en aquellos momentos habían empezado a constituirse en España. Sin embargo, su corta trayectoria parece hacer discurrido entre dificultades económicas y desacuerdos entre sus socios, que finalmente darán al traste con la Sociedad. Pese a esto, muchos clérigos hallaron en ella un socorro cuando más lo necesitaban. Su fracaso final evidencia, es cierto, la insolidaridad y la falta de unión de muchos de sus miembros

  14. Expressões culturais e sociedade: O caso do Brasil nos anos 1980

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    Jadir Peçanha Rostoldo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata de presentar algunas expresiones culturales de Brasil en la década de 1980, especialmente las más importantes para entender y conocer la sociedad de aquel período. Presenta el cine como una expresión cultural importante en la transformación social del país, a pesar de haber sido atacado por incertidumbres, presiones políticas y económicas, mantiene su tradición al abordar las grandes cuestiones nacionales. Por medio de varios ejemplos, se sustenta que la música fue un vehículo para que la sociedad pensase en la situación política, económica y social de Brasil, exprimiendo, principalmente, los sentimientos y valores de la clase media y de los jóvenes. Sin una pretensión de cerrar un discurso sobre el asunto, se concluye que los temas y representaciones culturales son fundamentales para entender la problemática de un país en cualquier período, pues expresa y da publicidad a todos los procesos y acciones en el interior de la sociedad.______________________ABSTRACT:This essay aims to show some Brazilian cultural expressions in the 1980’s and how important they are to understand and to know society of that period. It presents cinema as an important cultural expression in a social transformation, because despite having been shaked by uncertainness and political and economic pressions, it kept its tradition approaching big national issues. Through many examples, the essay supports that music was a vehicle to lead society to think about the political, economic and social situation in Brazil, exposing, mostly, the feelings and values of the medium class and the youth. Not intending to end the discussion about the subject, this essay concludes that the themes and representation about culture are essential to understand the context of all countries in any period of history, because they express and expose not only the process but the actions happening within society.

  15. Auditoria e sociedade: o diálogo necessário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno José Machado de Almeida

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A sociedade, majoritariamente estruturada numa óptica de economia de mercado, exige que a função de auditoria seja cada vez mais interveniente no diagnosticar de determinadas situações, como é o caso da viabilidade da empresa, na denúncia de fraudes e de actos ilegais, na apreciação da economia, eficiência e eficácia das organizações. Assim, o produto auditoria, sua natureza e funções, tem urgentemente que ser clarificado, para que possa responder de forma adequada às expectativas do público. Com efeito, considera-se que o âmbito da auditoria deve ser ampliado para assim satisfazer às exigências da sociedade, pois espera-se que forneça um certo nível de segurança, bem como uma resposta aos seus problemas actuais. O conceito de auditoria permite confrontos entre os auditores e os utilizadores da informação financeira, tendo, como conseqüência, a freqüente acusação de que os primeiros não alertam para falhas na organização, apesar de validarem as demonstrações financeiras. O diálogo entre a sociedade e a auditoria carece de reforço, de forma a encontrar um ponto de equilíbrio entre ambas as partes.Society, which is mostly structured from a market economy perspective, demands for an audit with increasing interventions in the diagnosis of particular situations, such as: going-concern matters, reporting fraud and illegal acts, valuing organizational economy, efficiency and effectiveness. Thus, the audit product, its nature and functions need to be clarified urgently so as to be able to give an adequate response to public expectations. Actually, the range of auditing should be expanded in order to satisfy these demands, since it is expected to provides some degree of assurance, as well as a response to society's current problems. The ambiguous concept of auditing leads to confrontations between auditors and financial information users, resulting in frequent accusations that the former do not alert about

  16. Totalitarismo, tecnocracia e sociedade de massas: uma reflexão sobre a distopia na sociedade contemporânea e a contribuição da filosofia da tecnologia

    OpenAIRE

    Cecília de Sousa Neves

    2017-01-01

    Este artigo visa explorar a articulação intrínseca entre tecnocracia, totalitarismo e sociedade de massa enquanto fenômenos interdependentes, cuja convergência introduz a distopia em seu paroxismo e atualidade. Utilizaremos como fio condutor de nossa reflexão o livro Admirável mundo novo escrito por Aldous Huxley, bem como o background propiciado pela atual filosofia da tecnologia. Visto que vivemos em uma sociedade de massas governada por um estado com traços claramente totalitários e cujo p...

  17. Los sistemas sexo/género en distintas sociedades: modelos analógicos y digitales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Águeda Gómez Suárez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende dar a conocer las diversas "culturas sexuales" en diferentes sociedades, su orden sociosexual y su sistemas sexo/género, con el fin de agruparlas, para su mejor comprensión, en dos grandes grupos: los sistemas digitales (sociedades más rígidas y los sistemas analógicos (sociedades más flexibles. Si es cierto que existen múltiples ideologías sexuales que "naturalizan" diversas formas de entender lo masculino y lo femenino, la homosexualidad y la heterosexualidad, entre otras cosas (Mead, 1972, 2006, se puede concluir que el "dominio masculino", la heteronormatividad y el modelo dual sexo/género, no son realidades universales, sino que son propias de estructuras sexo/género concretas.

  18. A atuação do turismólogo na sociedade da informação

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    Cristine Fabris

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho aborda a importância dos serviços oferecidos pelo turismólogo como mediador de informações personalizadas para o exercício de sua profissão. O artigo inicia com os conceitos de sociedade da informação e o papel do turismólogo na conjuntura que caracteriza este tipo de sociedade. Por fim, são analisadas as interfaces de sua função com outros profissionais para atender a demanda informacional dos seus usuários, alimentando a cadeia produtiva da sociedade da informação.

  19. La transición política en España: Una sociedad desmovilizada

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    CAYO SASTRE GARCÍA

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available el proceso de redemocratizacion español se sustento en un pacto entre elites que gozaron de un amplio margen para la negociacion, favorecido por la existencia de una sociedad politicamente desmovilizada, tal como se pone en evidencia al estudiar la participacion politica no convencional de la sociedad española en el periodo 1975-78. en ningun caso se trata de desarrollar una explicacion alternativa a la transicion politica en españa basada en la desmovilizacion. lo que se pretende es mostrar que la desmovilizacion de la sociedad predemocratica favorecio la estrategia de cambio diseñada por las elites politicas españolas.

  20. Between Two Empires. Histoire des deux Indes And Modern Colonialism

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    Alessandro Pandolfi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article critically analyses the late eighteenth century process of crisis and transformation of the concept of empire. By considering Raynal’s Histoire des deux Indes and the Enlightenment’s critique of the different imperial models, Pandolfi reconstructs the transit from classic colonialism – built around the relations between settlers, savages and slaves – to another phase characterized by the indirect exploitation of the labour force. The text underlines the ambivalence of Enlightenment towards the question of the empire by demonstrating how Raynal’s work reflects the constitutive tension of the second half of the 1700s. Therefore, through Diderot’s analysis, the author demonstrates how the moral advancement of humanity is the product of a constant interaction between the colonial rhetoric of commerce and those revolutions, which, – in different moments and places – have crossed the colonial space.

  1. Trichuris trichiura in a post-Colonial Brazilian mummy

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    Rafaella Bianucci

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Trichuris trichiura is a soil-transmitted helminth which is prevalent in warm, moist, tropical and subtropical regions of the world with poor sanitation. Heavy whipworm can result either in Trichuris dysenteric syndrome - especially in children - or in a chronic colitis. In heavy infections, worms can spread proximally and may cause ileitis. Here we provide first microscopic evidence for a T. trichiura adult worm embedded in the rectum of a post-Colonial Brazilian adult mummy. During Colonial and post-Colonial times, many European chroniclers described a parasitic disease named Maculo whose symptomatology coincides with heavy helminthiasis. Based on our findings and on comparison of ancient textual evidence with modern description of heavy whipworm, we feel confident in considering that the two syndromes are expressions of the same pathological condition.

  2. Queen introduction into the queenright honey bee colony

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    Antonín Přidal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the actual elementary biologic principles of the introduction of queen is that the recipient co­lo­ny has to be queenless. We accidentally found that a queen can be accepted also in queenright co­lo­ny with using of the queen excluder. Therefore, we conducted two experiments with the introduction of queen in queenright colony.Under defined conditions of the experiment and with application of the queen excluder as a separator of queens we successfully introduced queen in the queenright colony. This result is discussed in relation to the general principle that a queen should be introduced only in a queenless colony. It is possible that there are some exceptions advert to the existence of some unknown biologic patterns in the honey bee biology and pheromones.

  3. Alexander von Humboldt's perceptions of colonial Spanish America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2009-01-01

    This study presents an in-depth analysis of Alexander von Humboldt's descriptions and critical comments on the colonial society of the different regions he visited during his well-known expedition through the Americas (1799-1804). The criticisms of colonialism that he expressed, reflecting his personal convictions, have already been the focal point of many studies, but Humboldt also was able to offer a more differentiated assessment through comparisons of regional and local traditions and developments. This essay focuses on his personal diaries, which offer many interesting comments on colonial societies. These considerations and impressions made during the expedition are of particular scholarly value since they were not subject to censorship of any kind.

  4. Parachemistries: Colonial chemopolitics in a zone of contest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukharji, Projit Bihari

    2016-12-01

    The globalization of modern chemistry through European colonialism resulted, by the end of the nineteenth century, in the emergence of a number of parachemical knowledges. Parachemistries were bodies of non-European knowledge which came to be related to modern chemistry within particular historical milieux. Their relationship with modern chemistry was not necessarily epistemic and structural, but historical and performative. Actual historically located intellectuals posited their relationship. Such relationships were not merely abstract intellectual exercises; at a time when the practical uses of modern chemistry in statecraft were growing, the existence of these rival, competing parachemical knowledges challenged modern chemistry's regulatory deployments. Colonial locations emerged then not as mere 'contact zones', but as 'zones of conflict' where colonial chemopolitics was interrupted by the continued legitimacy and practice of parachemistries such as rasayana, kimiya, and neidan.

  5. Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehorn, Penelope R; O'Connor, Stephanie; Wackers, Felix L; Goulson, Dave

    2012-04-20

    Growing evidence for declines in bee populations has caused great concern because of the valuable ecosystem services they provide. Neonicotinoid insecticides have been implicated in these declines because they occur at trace levels in the nectar and pollen of crop plants. We exposed colonies of the bumble bee Bombus terrestris in the laboratory to field-realistic levels of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid, then allowed them to develop naturally under field conditions. Treated colonies had a significantly reduced growth rate and suffered an 85% reduction in production of new queens compared with control colonies. Given the scale of use of neonicotinoids, we suggest that they may be having a considerable negative impact on wild bumble bee populations across the developed world.

  6. Apuntes para la proyección de una sociedad justa

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    Edgar Antonio Lopez

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo forma parte de un proyecto investigativo que discierne las condiciones de posibilidad que deben darse para la instauración de la justicia social en el complejo contexto de la sociedad colombiana, especialmente en lo que se refiere al plano económico. Las teorías éticas liberales de David Hume y Adam Smith, valoradas desde la perspectiva de Amartya Sen, son empleadas aquí como referente principal porque posibilitan la reflexión crítica sobre el bienestar y la calidad de vida de las personas en el capitalismo. EI análisis de la realidad colombiana a partir de las nociones de propiedad y libertad propuestas por estas teorías éticas señalan la necesidad de supeditar el crecimiento económico a la distribución equitativa de los bienes.

  7. La personalidad de las sociedades : descripción y dinámica

    OpenAIRE

    Amigó Borrás, Salvador; Caselles Moncho, Antonio; Micó i Ruiz, Joan Carles

    2018-01-01

    La Extraversión es considerada como la dimensión fundamental y básica de la personalidad desde la Teoría del Rasgo Único de Personalidad [1]. La Extraversión, como dimensión temperamental, engloba dimensiones cognitivas como la racionalidad y la emocionalidad. La teoría de los tipos de Carl Jung [2] establece una dinámica compleja entre estas dimensiones, a partir de la cual se obtiene una tipología de la personalidad. Amigó [3] adaptó la teoría de Jung para aplicarla a las sociedades. Así, a...

  8. La escuela rural en la sociedad globalizada: nuevos caminos para una realidad silenciada

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    Mª del Pilar Sepúlveda Ruiz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo, las autoras tratan de profundizar en las condiciones socio-culturales y educativas de la escuela de contexto rural en el siglo XXI, reflexionando sobre las bases de su supervivencia en nuestra actual sociedad globalizada. En este sentido, se analizan nuevas alternativas de desarrollo sostenible para estos contextos y, por ende, para sus escuelas, basadas en proyectos de desarrollo globales. Asimismo, se enfatiza el importante papel que las escuelas de contexto rural cumplen en estos entornos, analizándose en profundidad sus funciones sociales y educativas en los mismos. El artículo finaliza con el planteamiento de algunas propuestas de mejora para la escuela rural.

  9. A Teoria Crítica e a sociedade da cultura digital

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    Antonio Zuin

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to address, within the scope of its research trajectory, the insertion of the "Critical Theory and Education Research Group" in the PPGE/UFSCar Research Line "Education, Culture and Subjectivity". In order to do it, the article presents some considerations about the theoretical-methodological framework of the Critical Theory of Society, a brief history of the 25 years of the research group and the current emphasis, in the context of the dilemmas of the digital culture society, about the revitalization of the concepts of cultural industry, formation and semiformation, which are increasingly present in the work of its researchers. Currently, several researchers of the Group, under the guidance of Professor Antônio A. S. Zuin, are studying the way in which the concepts of formation and semiformation are reinvigorated in the society of the digital culture by means of objects, such as: cyberbullying of students against teachers, university and digital culture, education and television, education and social networks, distance education, education and information and communication technologies, public sphere and digital society, among others. The specific analyzes of the classroom, through the empirical reconstruction of the pedagogical sense of education, according to the theoretical-epistemological contribution of the Objective Hermeneutics, stand out in the current research projects led by professor Luiz Roberto Gomes and help the process of interpretation of the impact of digital culture in education. O objetivo desse artigo é abordar, no âmbito da sua trajetória de pesquisa, a inserção do "Grupo de Pesquisa Teoria Crítica e Educação" na Linha de Pesquisa "Educação, Cultura e Subjetividade" do PPGE/ UFSCar. Para tanto, apresenta algumas considerações sobre o referencial teórico-metodológico da Teoria Crítica da Sociedade, um breve histórico dos 25 anos do Grupo de Pesquisa e a ênfase atual, no

  10. Eduardo Krapf (1901-1963: Primer Presidente de la Sociedad Interamericana de Psicología

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    Hugo Klappenbach

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo, de carácter historiográfico, examina la trayectoria de Eduardo Krapf, quien se recibió de médico en Alemania y posteriormente revalidó su titulo en la Argentina. Se analiza su inserción en la Asociación Psicoanalítica Argentina y sus trabajos sobre psiquiatría y psicología al promediar el siglo XX. En particular, se analizan los intereses que condujeron a Eduardo Krapf a vincularse con la psicología y en particular con la Sociedad Interamericana de Psicología, de la que fue Primer Presidente en 1951. Metodológicamente, se han obtenido los datos principalmente de fuentes primarias, particularmente textos y documentos de archivo existentes en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de la Universidad de Buenos Aires

  11. Regionalizando as instituições da sociedade internacional: uma leitura dos novos debates

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    Maria Beatriz Bonna Nogueira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudos recentes têm revisado a tradição universalista da Escola Inglesa de Relações Internacionais e aplicado seus principais conceitos ao plano sub-global. O presente ensaio analisa as tentativas de aplicação dos conceitos de sociedade internacional e de instituições às regiões e discute as contribuições que esse esforço traz ao campo de estudos.      Recent studies have revised the English School’s long universalist tradition by applying some of its main concepts to the sub-global level. The present essay analyzes the attempts to employ the concepts of international society and institutions to regions and discusses the contributions that this effort brings to the field.

  12. Comunicação e Sociedade : Fotografia e Género [32, 2017

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, Maria da Luz; Cerqueira, Carla Preciosa Braga

    2017-01-01

    Este número da revista Comunicação e Sociedade partiu do desejo das suas editoras de cruzar saberes e trocar olhares, convocando um encontro na fronteira entre as áreas dos estudos da fotografia e dos estudos de género. De outro modo, a nossa vontade de pensar a fotografia e o género prolongava uma necessidade de, a partir do domínio das ciências da comunicação, pensar politicamente o olhar. Neste âmbito, o nosso intento era considerar a malha de assimetrias – de género, mas também de etnia, ...

  13. Portugal e a ‘sociedade da informação’ : alguns números

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Manuel

    2006-01-01

    [Introdução] Os números valem o que valem. Há quem os considere como argumento bastante e definitivo ou como sinal de rigor. Neste texto, eles serão, sobretudo, tomados como sinais, sintomas ou indicadores de tendências. Não é este o contexto adequado para aprofundar conceitos. E o de “sociedade da informação” é precisamente um daqueles que, ainda que muito usado, ou talvez por isso mesmo, exija mais esforço crítico. Aqui tomá-lo-emos como referente de uma configuração sócio-cultural em mudan...

  14. Arte, música y perfección en la sociedad global

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    Sagrario MARTÍNEZ BERRIEL

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la renovada importancia del significado trascendente de la cultura, entendida como ideal de perfección, en la construcción de la sociedad global, haciendo referencia al papel social del arte en la convivencia, educación y comunicación del nuevo orden mundial. Deteniéndose en la música en un sentido más concreto y analítico, como espacio predilecto y vital de afirmación de la armonía y el entendimiento universal, al mismo tiempo que en los músicos como representantes cualificados de este ideal.

  15. Las sociedades musicales en el Madrid de Isabel II (1833-1868

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    Diez Huerga, M. Aurelia

    2003-12-01

    matizaciones, y a la democratización progresiva de la sociedad, con sus derivaciones en el aspecto cultural. Tal confluencia de factores da pie a la aparición de instituciones de variada tipología pero con un denominador común: la defensa del ideario liberal, la convivencia y la comunicación de los individuos (lo que incluye el elemento recreativo, la propagación de la cultura y la expresión artística. Es aquí donde tienen cabida las sociedades con actividad musical, también denominadas instructo-recreativas, pues solían conjugar ambas facetas. Este trabajo pretende hacer un recorrido por entidades tales como el Liceo Artístico y Literario, Instituto Español, La Unión, Museo Lírico, El Genio y muchas otras sociedades artísticas que proliferaron durante los años treinta y cuarenta del siglo XIX, centros de intensa actividad socio-musical en el Madrid isabelino. Se ha de subrayar su acción en este ámbito, dedicada a promover la interpretación, la creación y, en un plano importante, la enseñanza musical. En aquellos centros se dio cita la flor y nata de la sociedad madrileña para aprender los rudimentos de la música, el canto y la práctica instrumental así como para escuchar el repertorio que se estilaba por entonces y para participar ella misma en su interpretación.

  16. La identidad colectiva en el contexto de la Sociedad Red: El caso de la RATT

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    Noelia Macarena Navarrete

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo consiste en dar cuenta de la configuración y el sentido que cobra la noción de identidad en los movimientos sociales, las practicas organizacionales y comunicacionales asumidas por estos para su funcionamiento y los elementos que intervienen en la construcción de los marcos de interpretación de la realidad que se expresan a través de estas acciones. Para ello, apoyaremos nuestro análisis observacional en un movimiento social conocido como la RATT (Red de Alto a la Trata y al Tráfico de personas asumiendo como posicionamiento teórico el modelo de estructuración de lo social de la Sociedad Red.

  17. La Sociedad, el Debate sobre la Actividad del Estado y la Ley: Consejos Municipales

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    Cristiane Catarina Fagundes de Oliveira

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available En trabajo se aborda la discusión en la sociedad posmoderna, centrándose en el debate que tiene lugar en los consejos municipales. El estudio compara el debate que era común en el origen de los parlamentos, en su origen en el Parlamento de Inglaterra. Este trabajo describe el Parlamento Inglés en su origen histórico y su función discusión, que es adoptado por los consejos municipales modernos en los municipios brasileños. Este trabajo muestra la participación política que no se centra en la votación, pero los consejos locales se describen y su objetivo de promover el control social de las actividades estatales.

  18. Imunidade tributária e Organizações da Sociedade Civil de Interesse Público

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, José Antônio Gomes de

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: Esta dissertação tem como objeto a imunidade tributária a impostos, dirigida às instituições de educação e assistência social sem fins lucrativos (art. 150, inciso VI, alínea "c" da Constituição Federal), e sua relação com as Organizações da Sociedade Civil de Interesse Público tratadas na Lei n.o 9.790/99. Para proceder à análise, são examinadas as diferentes feições estatais e a crise do Estado Contemporâneo. Na sequência, acompanhamos a repercussão dessa crise no Brasil a partir do...

  19. Mediación y sociedad. Voz "Mediación"

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    Manuel Martín Serrano

    2011-09-01

    Los individuos y la misma sociedad desarrollan y utilizan sistemas de regulación institucionalizados para reducir la disonancia. Cuando estos sistemas operan a nivel cognitivo, los denominamos modelos de orden, o modelos mediadores. Desde el punto de vista formal, la mediación equivale al sistema de reglas y de operaciones aplicadas a cualquier conjunto de hechos, o de cosas pertenecientes a planos heterogéneos de la realidad, para introducir un orden. Por ejemplo, el psicoterapeuta pone en orden un conjunto que contiene instintos y constricciones; el político, un conjunto que contiene (recursos y aspiraciones (o cualesquiera otros elementos que se tengan por materia de la mediación psiquiátrica, y de la mediación política.

  20. Uma nova e moderna sociedade? O esporte no teatro de Arthur Azevedo

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    Victor Andrade de Melo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo tem por objetivo discutir como um dos mais importantes dramaturgos brasileiros, Arthur Azevedo, ao lançar olhares sobre a sociedade do seu tempo (final do século XIX, incorporou o esporte em sua produção teatral. Considerando o destaque da presença do tema nas obras, analisamos "O Bilontra" (1885, "O Tribofe" (1892 e "A Capital Federal" (1897. Conclui-se que a representação da prática nessas peças expressa tanto a força da sua presença social quanto a sua capacidade de dramatizar as contradições do processo de modernização em marcha no Brasil daquele momento.

  1. Sociedades religiosas y organizaciones privadas de beneficencia en la frontera norte (Tijuana: Un primer acercamiento

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    Víctor Clark Alfaro

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la década de los setenta se da un crecimiento importante de organizaciones religiosas en América Latina y del que la frontera norte no ha sido ajeno.El propósito de esta investigación es dar una visión aproximada de la presencia cada vez más numerosa de sociedades religiosas y organizaciones privadas de beneficencia y su impacto social en distintos ámbitos de la ciudad de Tijuana con una breve referencia a la zona rural (San Quintín. La información que se ofrece fue recopilada antes de la reforma al artículo 130 de la Constitución de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos.

  2. Turismo masivo y alternativo. Distinciones de la sociedad moderna/posmoderna

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    Maribel Osorio García

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo que se presenta caracteriza al turismo como una distinción de la modernidad, desde la teoría de Niklas Luhmann. Para tal efecto se asume que la modernidad es una autodescripción de la sociedad funcionalmente diferenciada, en la cual el turismo actúa como un medio que hace posible acoplar distintos sistemas funcionales para su ejecución. Sobre esta base, se identifica el acoplamiento que logra el turismo entre el sistema económico y el de los medios masivos de comunicación, y se mencionan los dos modelos a los que ha dado lugar: el turismo de masas y el alternativo. Se concluye que dichos modelos no necesariamente son consecutivos, aunque sí presentan una forma diferenciada de practicar el turismo.

  3. Sociedad y comunicación: el mito, el libro, las redes sociales.

    OpenAIRE

    Mandly Robles, Antonio

    2017-01-01

    Sin comunicación no hay sociedad. Cualquier acción o proyecto colectivo histórico y actual se construye a través de procesos de comunicación que le dan sentido. La antropología social está en disposición de ofrecer herramientas de análisis para comprender los procesos de construcción social desde la ventana de la comunicación y las mediaciones del sentido, tanto en sus dimensiones tradicional e histórica como en la era de las tecnologías y las redes sociales. La conferencia está orie...

  4. A violência na sociedade contemporânea Violence in contemporary society

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    Octavio Ianni

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Uma reflexão acerca das várias dimensões da sociedade moderna ou o que se poderia denominar de modernidade, capazes de constituir formas, técnicas e práticas cada vez mais brutais de violência, desde as mais prosaicas às mais sofisticadas, a ponto de se poder identificar aí uma verdadeira fábrica de violências. Palavras-chave: Violência. Modernidade. Globalização. Nacionalismo. Cultura. Tecnologia. Desemprego. Some considerations about the many dimensions of modern society, or what we could call modernity, that is able to build forms, techniques and practices of a more and more brutal violence, from the most simple to the most sophisticated, up to the point that we could be able to identify a real industry of violence. Keywords: Violence. Modernity. Globalization. Nationalism. Culture. Technology. Unemployment.

  5. De símbolos y hackers: guías en la sociedad del conocimiento

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    Andrés Gómez Seguel

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo profundiza en la textura de las llamadas “sociedades del conocimiento” mediante la comunidad hacker. Entendidos como hipótesis, dichos espacios sociales se caracterizarán por adoptar la forma de esquemas de procesamiento de información y organización social. Finalmente se volverá la mirada a las metáforas de lo social, distinguiendo y oponiendo las ideas de cálculo y síntesis de la arbitrariedad simbólica a la cartografía compleja del símbolo producida por estas formas de procesamiento de información social.

  6. Comunicación y Sociedad: De la Anorexia y Vigorexia. Presentación.

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    Carlos Fanjul Peyró

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, vivimos en un mundo mediatizado y supeditado a la imagen. Las transformaciones económico-sociales y los cambios en las mentalidades de los países occidentales han provocado una auténtica mutación social que apuesta por el materialismo y el individualismo, propios de la sociedad de consumo. El hedonismo se ha ido instalando progresivamente como actitud vital; la libertad, el disfrutar, el sentir más y hacerlo más rápido, se han consolidado como valores del siglo XXI. Hay un deseo muy fuerte del placer y del presente, y un fuerte deseo de vivirlo con el cuerpo, con lo tangible, con lo material.   

  7. Los mapuches: cambio social y asimilación de una sociedad sin Estado

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    Juan Pacheco Rivas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El actual conflicto del pueblo mapuche con el estado de Chile comprende dimensiones complejas y estructurales. La imposición de un dominio territorial del Estado llevó a la condición de pobreza, reducción y transformación social de una sociedad. La transformación estructural puede ser vista como un mecanismo de resistencia y adaptación de sus instituciones sociales. A aquellas estructuras es lo que se pueden denominar estructuras de transición. Así las actuales condiciones políticas entre Estado y pueblo mapuche pueden ser vistas como una estructura que se mantiene para evitar el término de una cultura.

  8. El impacto de la inmigración en la sociedad receptora

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    CARLOTA SOLÉ

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un modelo para analizar el impacto de la inmigración teniendo en cuenta los condicionantes materiales y los factores institucionales que inciden, mediatizados por los medios de comunicación de masas, en tres dimensiones: la seguridad ciudadana, la identidad cultural y la competencia por los recursos, de la sociedad receptora. Si bien este modelo se diseñó para llevar a cabo el análisis comparativo del impacto de la inmigración en cuatro países del sur de Europa (España, Grecia, Italia, Portugal, el presente artículo recoge los resultados obtenidos para el caso español.

  9. Governo das sociedades, custos de agência e crise financeira: que relação?

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    Catarina Alexandra Alves Fernandes

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O debate sobre o governo das sociedades tem ganhado crescente relevo nos meios acadêmico e empresarial desde o fim da década de 1980. Esse maior destaque foi originado por diversos fatores, dos quais se salientam a crise na Ásia, os escândalos financeiros que assolaram grandes empresas cotadas norte-americanas e algumas empresas de auditoria e, mais recentemente, a crise financeira mundial. Embora há muito defendida a necessidade de aperfeiçoar os instrumentos existentes e de descobrir novos mecanismos, de modo a encontrar um sistema de governo das sociedades que minimize os custos de agência, a crise financeira mundial com origem nos EUA veio dar-lhe novo “fôlego”. E, agora, com especial ênfase na banca. Falhas no governo das sociedades, em particular no setor bancário, têm sido apontadas como culpadas pela crise financeira global iniciada em 2007, só comparável à Grande Depressão. Assim, este artigo pretende, em primeiro lugar, apresentar uma caracterização genérica dos mecanismos de governo das sociedades, integrando no estudo os denominados custos de agência e, em seguida, analisar tais mecanismos no setor bancário, estabelecendo uma relação entre eles e a crise financeira. A pesquisa efetuada permite demonstrar a importância dos instrumentos de governo das sociedades na minimização dos custos de agência, nomeadamente no contexto da crise financeira. Ainda que o setor bancário tenha as suas especificidades, a investigação feita indica que existe uma relação entre aqueles instrumentos e a performance dos bancos e que fragilidades no governo das sociedades determinaram em larga medida a crise financeira. 

  10. FISCALIDAD DE LAS SOCIEDADES COOPERATIVAS DE SEGUNDO GRADO./SECOND DEGREE COOPERATIVES FROM A TAX POINT OF VIEW

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    Emilio NAVARRO HERAS

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata de mostrar la especial tributación de las sociedades cooperativas de segundo grado, como instrumento de integración tradicionalmente utilizado por las sociedades cooperativas para emprender procesos de concentración. Centraremos el estudio de su fiscalidad en el Impuesto sobre Sociedades por las particularidades tributarias que presenta el mismo en este tipo societario. Respecto a este impuesto las sociedades cooperativas de segundo grado pueden optar por tributar como simples sociedades cooperativas, acogiéndose a la Ley 20/1990, de 19 de diciembre, sobre Régimen Fiscal de Cooperativas, o hacerlo como grupo cooperativo, amparándose en el régimen especial de tributación consolidada establecido para este tipo social. Al igual que las sociedades de primer grado éstas disfrutan de una serie de beneficios fiscales tanto en la imposición directa como en la indirecta, como consecuencia de la naturaleza social de las mismas./In this paper we show the special tax system of the second degree cooperatives, as a mean of integration used by them for concentration processes. We focus on the income tax for its legal peculiarities for this kind of firms. In relation to this same tax, second degree cooperatives can choose between to pay their taxes as simple cooperatives (Law 20/1990, December 19th or as cooperative groups (Consolidation taxation. As first degree cooperatives, these ones have some tax profits in direct and indirect taxation due to their social nature.

  11. The regulation of ant colony foraging activity without spatial information.

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    Balaji Prabhakar

    Full Text Available Many dynamical networks, such as the ones that produce the collective behavior of social insects, operate without any central control, instead arising from local interactions among individuals. A well-studied example is the formation of recruitment trails in ant colonies, but many ant species do not use pheromone trails. We present a model of the regulation of foraging by harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex barbatus colonies. This species forages for scattered seeds that one ant can retrieve on its own, so there is no need for spatial information such as pheromone trails that lead ants to specific locations. Previous work shows that colony foraging activity, the rate at which ants go out to search individually for seeds, is regulated in response to current food availability throughout the colony's foraging area. Ants use the rate of brief antennal contacts inside the nest between foragers returning with food and outgoing foragers available to leave the nest on the next foraging trip. Here we present a feedback-based algorithm that captures the main features of data from field experiments in which the rate of returning foragers was manipulated. The algorithm draws on our finding that the distribution of intervals between successive ants returning to the nest is a Poisson process. We fitted the parameter that estimates the effect of each returning forager on the rate at which outgoing foragers leave the nest. We found that correlations between observed rates of returning foragers and simulated rates of outgoing foragers, using our model, were similar to those in the data. Our simple stochastic model shows how the regulation of ant colony foraging can operate without spatial information, describing a process at the level of individual ants that predicts the overall foraging activity of the colony.

  12. La crisis de las profesiones en la “sociedad del conocimiento”

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    Jesús Martín-Barbero

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Frente a la transformación de los saberes y el conocimiento y los lugares tradicionales que éstos ocupaban y ante las varias crisis en la identidad y la práctica profesional: del sujeto trabajador, del profesional en la era industrial, este ensayo formula el nuevo lugar de la universidad a través de varias preguntas: ¿está esta institución auscultando, pensando, investigando, la complejidad de las relaciones entre los cambios del saber en la sociedad del conocimiento y los cambios del trabajo en una sociedad de mercado? ¿Deberá la universidad asumir como tarea propia, estructural y estratégica, hoy más que nunca, la de formular y diseñar proyectos sociales y pensar alternativas al modelo hegemónico del mercado?In the face of a transformation of knowledge and the traditional places occupied by it, and of the various crisis in professional identity and practice (the role of the professional in the post-industrial era, the working subject as such, etc. this essay puts forward the question of the new place of the university and asks several questions: Is the university diagnosing, thinking, investigating, the complexity of relations between the changes in the forms of knowledge in the knowledge society and the changes in work in a market society? Sould the university assume as its task, both structurally and strategically, and more urgent that ever, formulating and designing social proyects, and thinking alternatives to the hegemonic model of the market?

  13. Las asociaciones de inmigrantes como sociedad civil: un análisis tridimensional

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    Guillermo Toral

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina las organizaciones de inmigrantes con una perspectiva triple: desde el punto de vista de sus relaciones con las autoridades públicas, de las relaciones establecidas entre las propias asociaciones y de su grado de participación interna; con el objetivo de analizar hasta qué punto puede hablarse de sociedad civil en ese ámbito. El estudio aquí presentado toma como objeto de análisis las organizaciones de inmigrantes en España, centrándose en aquellas que gozan de un mayor reconocimiento público a través del Foro para la Integración Social de los Inmigrantes, órgano consultivo del Gobierno. Sobre la base de entrevistas en profundidad a líderes y trabajadores de estas organizaciones, se utilizan las contribuciones de la literatura sobre movimientos sociales, movilización étnica y capital social para explicar la situación actual. Sin dejar de relacionar las dinámicas de las organizaciones de inmigrantes con las del resto de organizaciones sociales en España, el artículo argumenta que las relaciones establecidas con los poderes públicos no se ven equilibradas por una red interorganizativa densa ni por una participación activa de sus miembros, y ello en detrimento de una auténtica sociedad civil en este ámbito. Esto tiene implicaciones negativas para la capacidad de las organizaciones para actuar como generadoras de capital social e integración de los inmigrantes, lo cual pone en cuestión el papel del Estado en su apoyo a las organizaciones de inmigrantes.

  14. Cultura, política y modernidad / Cultura, medios y sociedad

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    Claudia Montagut

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Jesús Martín Barbero y otros. Cultura, política y modernidad Ces, Universidad Nacional Bogotá. 1998. 427 págs. Los ensayos que se presentan en Cultura, medios y sociedad contienen catorce artículos de diferentes autores: Fabio López de la Roche, Beatriz Sarlo, William Rowe, Ana María Ochoa Gautier, Ana María Lalinde, Jaime Eduardo Jaramillo, Jorge Orlando Melo, Jairo Chaparro Valderrama, Germán Muñoz, José Fernando Serrano, Luz Guillermina Sinning. Este libro presenta un énfasis en los medios de comunicación (en su acepción más amplia desde los libros hasta el internet como corolario de los cambios de lo que se ha llamado las tradiciones culturales, las prácticas de sociabilidad urbana y popular para una aparición de los puntos de vista de lo local, el  multiculturalismo y la globalización. / Gabriel Restrepo y otros. Cultura, medios y sociedad. Ces, Universidad Nacional Bogotá. 1998. 319 págs. Cultura, política y modernidad abre con una interesante discusión sobre "las ciencias naturales y las ciencias del espíritu" como las denomina su autor Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht , en la cual se realiza una reflexión sobre las maneras "posmodernas", "estructuralistas" y" deconstruccionistas" de escribir, empezando con el ya manido chiste de Sokal.

  15. La sociedad del trabajo: debates actuales. Materiales inestables para lanzar la discusión

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    LUIS ENRIQUE ALONSO

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se realiza una revisión general de las aportaciones fundamentales de la sociología actual en el tema de la crisis de la sociedad del trabajo y las transformaciones experimentadas en los ciclos biográficos laborales. Se comienza, así, revisando los cambios en el entorno de la sociedad industrial y en los sentidos atribuidos en ella al trabajo y al empleo; se sigue por la realización de una exposición de los enfoques más característicos en el estudio sociológico del proceso de trabajo, haciendo especial hincapié en aquellas aportaciones teóricas que estudian el papel de las estrategias de los diferentes sujetos y actores sociales implicados en el desarrollo de este proceso; finalmente, se aborda una evaluación de los puntos polémicos de los nuevos (y contradictorios discursos sobre la formalización de los mecanismos convencionales de representación social de la vida laboral. El artículo se cierra con una consideración general sobre las nuevas tendencias de reestructuración de la relación salarial y la biografía laboral, reestructuración que afecta hasta incluso a los conceptos mismos de trabajo, actividad y competencia, apostando con ello por una necesaria y fecunda visión sociológica concreta en el enfoque de estos temas.

  16. A TV COMUNITÁRIA NOS LIMITES DA FRAGILIZAÇÃO DA SOCIEDADE CIVIL

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    Sérgio Luiz Gadini

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A emergência de TVs comunitárias no Brasil, a partir de meados dos anos 1990, vem ao encontro de uma histórica demanda pela democratização da informação. Com base na legislação da TV a cabo brasileira (Lei 8.977/95, aprovada com o apoio do Fórum Nacional pela Democratização da Comunicação, movimentos, entidades sociais sem fins lucrativos, sindicatos, associações comunitárias e ONGs passaram a instituir associações de usuários dos canais comunitários de TV que surgiram em dezenas de cidades do Brasil. Num país marcado por grandes dificuldades de organização da sociedade civil, tal iniciativa representou, por muitos anos, uma alternativa que parecia indicar um outro horizonte de mobilização social por questões de interesse público (como é o caso das concessões e acesso à mídia. Mas, a eleição de um governo federal teoricamente identificado com demandas e problemas sociais forjados ao longo de séculos de exclusão (como ocorreu com a escolha do presidente Lula, eleito pelo PT acabou por indicar alguns limites nos projetos sociais envolvendo a luta pela democratização da comunicação. Tão logo o governo petista expressou sua política comunicacional, a fragilização da sociedade civil passou a expressar alguns dos limites e desafios para se pensar na execução de projetos de comunicação popular, o que também apresentou reflexos nos canais de TVs comunitárias de diversas regiões do País.

  17. Sociedad y medicina: Paradigmas médicos en las coordenadas de la modernidad

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    Lorenzo Pablo Camejo Ramos

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo:Explicar la relación sociedad-medicina a partir de los paradigmas médicos de la modernidad. Desarrollo: La medicina como producción social está marcada por la vida sociocultural de cualquier sociedad. La Modernidad capitalista europea impuso a todo el mundo su proyecto económico, político e ideológico y su cosmovisión, fruto de ello, la medicina moderna se debate entre dos paradigmas formativos y prácticos: el biomédico, hegemónico y basado en la racionalidad instrumental de la ciencia y por otro lado un paradigma crítico y contrahegemónico: el sociomédico. Conclusiones: La evolución de la medicina y sus paradigmas formativos y axiológicos modernos están marcados por las condiciones económicas, políticas, sociales y culturales de la modernidad. La evolución histórica evidencia la existencia, en franca contradicción, de dos modelos médicos: el modelo biomédico, resultado de los preceptos socio filosóficos de la modernidad y el modelo sociomédico que por oposición ha logrado, al menos, el reconocimiento de buena parte de la comunidad médica internacional, de su lugar y papel en los procesos formativos y en la práctica cotidiana de la medicina como vía para entender y transformar las realidades de nuestros pueblos en el campo de la salud. Lo anterior, tiene que materializarse con un replanteo y redefiniciones de nuevos caminos teóricos, conceptuales y metodológicos.

  18. Las empresas en la sociedad de la información

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    Ubieto Artur, Mª Isabel

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Although companies have an important role in the development ofthe information society, they aren’t participating as expected in Spain. Forthe business world to become more involved, information professionalsmust demonstrate that it is possible, useful and profitable. The goal will bereached if documentary products are elaborated with certain characteristics,among which are high business interest, timeliness and user friendliness.In order to design useful information products for business managers,we have developed a project that will allow us to study the informationhabits, as well as levels of training and participation in the informationsociety.

    Aunque las empresas están llamadas a desempeñar un papel importanteen el desarrollo de la sociedad de la información, su despegue aún noes una realidad en España. Para que el mundo empresarial se implique enella los profesionales de la información debemos demostrar que ésta esposible, útil y rentable. El objetivo se alcanzará en la medida en que logremoselaborar productos documentales con ciertas características, entre lasque se encuentran un alto interés empresarial, total actualidad y máximafacilidad de uso. Con objeto de poder diseñar productos de informaciónútiles para directivos, gestores y técnicos de la empresa, en general, hemosdesarrollado un proyecto que nos ha permitido conocer cuáles son los usosy hábitos de información que actualmente tiene este colectivo, así como sunivel de formación y participación en la sociedad de la información.

  19. Dodecafonismo y sociedad de entreguerras. El reflejo del conflicto social en el Wozzeck de Alban berg

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    BLANCA MUÑOZ

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Si se puede afirmar que la creación artística manifiesta no sólo la situación histórico-espiritual de cada época sino, a la par, sus procesos de conflicto y de cambio, así será precisamente en el período de entreguerras cuando se desarrolle una peculiar y característica correspondencia entre los cambios económicos y políticos y la nueva creación musical formal y temática. El Dodecafonismo al romper con el modelo tonal tradicional e introducir la disonancia no va a representar simplemente una transformación estética cuanto que, por primera vez, las tensiones de la Sociedad de Masas van a cobrar una dimensión artística en la temática operística del siglo XX. En este sentido, la nueva sensibilidad estético-musical expresará el "asalto a la razón" que se está paulatinamente llevando a cabo en la Alemania de Weimar y, especialmente, será la ópera Wozzeck, de Alban Berg, la que mejor refleje la pérdida de identidad de una sociedad que se está relacionando instrumentalmente en la forma de lo que Weber definió como "jaula de hierro". De este modo, las nuevas Sociologías del Arte y de la Cultura contemporáneas vuelven a la crítica cultural desde una perspectiva en la que el análisis de las estructuras estéticas, tanto literarias como musicales, deben ser investigadas como procesos en los que se revelan las contradicciones y antagonismos de cada etapa histórica.

  20. La sociedad civil y los caminos (inciertos de la ciudadanía

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    Vera TELLES

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se analiza la adecuación de las instituciones políticas de la Constitución de 1988 a las diversas formas de participación surgidas en el proceso de modernización reciente de la sociedad brasileña. La alteración de los patrones tradicionales de desigualdad (tanto en plano económico como político han dado lugar a una nueva trama de diferencias sociales ante la cual los actores reaccionan de maneras diversas. La de hoy es una sociedad más heterogénea, que presenta grandes disparidades de renta, cultura, valores y acceso a los mecanismos de representación y participación política. La autora señala las principales variables que definen la actualidad sociopolítica del Brasil en los años noventa y sus líneas de evolución.ABSTRACT: In this article it is analyzed how the political institutions designed by 1988 Constitution fit with the different ways of participation appeared in the recent modernization process of brazilean society. The changes in the traditional patters of inequality (both in the economical and political aspects have produced a new set of social differences with distinct reactions from the actors. Nowadays society is less homogeneus presenting great disparities of income, culture, values and access to the representation and political participation processes. The author specifies the main variables which define the brazilian sociopolitical present time in the nineties and its lines of evolution.