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Sample records for sludge ipal kota

  1. Perbandingan DED IPAL Anaerobic Filter dengan Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket untuk Tempat Pelelangan Ikan (TPI Sedati di Kabupaten Sidoarjo

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    Rachmat Ridho Permata Putra Siregar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pengoperasian  tempat  pelelangan  ikan  (TPI  di  Kabupaten Sidoarjo  memberikan  dampak  positif  dan  negatif.  Salah  satu  dampak negatif yang ditimbulkan berupa timbulan limbah cair yang apabila tidak ditangani dengan tepat, maka akan mencemari lingkungan di sekitar TPI. Limbah  yang  dibuang  harus  memenuhi  baku  mutu  yang  diatur  dalamPeraturan Gubernur Jawa Timur No.72 Tahun 2013 tentang Baku Mutu Air Limbah bagi Industri dan/atau Kegiatan Usaha Lainnya. Oleh karena itu,  diperlukan  suatu  detailed  engineering  design (DED  instalasi pengolahan  air  limbah  (IPAL  yang  memadai,  yang  merupakan  tujuan tugas akhir (TA ini. Dalam TA ini, IPAL jenis  Anaerobic Filter(AF dan Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket(UASB, dibandingkan. Data  primer  pada  perencanaan  ini  adalah  data  pemakaian  air bersih dari TPI tiap bulan selama tahun 2015 serta data karakteristik air limbah, meliputi konsentrasi BOD, COD, TSS, dan Total N. Data sekunder meliputi  data  kualitas  dan  kuantitas  effluent  TPI  yang  diperoleh  dari analisis laboratorium. Perhitungan tiap sistem IPAL mengacu pada kriteria desain  sebagai  dasar  pembuatan  DED  dan  Rencana  Anggaran  Biaya (RAB  tiap  sistem  IPAL. Hasil  perhitungan  tiap  unit  IPAL  akan dibandingkan dari segi efisiensi penyisihan, luas lahan yang dibutuhkan, dan RAB.Hasil analisis kandungan air limbah adalah sebagai berikut, BOD = 894 mg/L, COD = 1443 mg/L, TSS = 280 mg/L, dan Total N = 423,9 mg/L. Hasil perhitungan desain AF adalah diperlukannya 2 kompartemen, demikian pula dengan sistem UASB. Efisiensi penyisihan BOD pada AF dan  UASB  bertutrut-turut  adalah  88,95%  dan  97,96%.  Sedangkan, efisiensi  COD  berturut-turut  adalah  89,68% dan  90,24%.  RAB  sistem IPAL  sebesar  Rp  59.609.889,-;  Sedangkan  sistem  UASB  sebesar  Rp 50.914.605,. Sehingga unit IPAL yang dipilih adalah sistem UASB.

  2. EFEKTIVITAS PENGOPERASIAN INSTALASI PENGOLAH AIR LIMBAH (IPAL PERUSAHAAN PERAIH SERTIFIKASI ISO 14001 DI KAWASAN SIMONGAN KOTA SEMARANG (The Effectivity of Waste Water Treatment Plan Operated by Industrial Companies Holding ISO 14001 Certificate

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    Zaenuri Zaenuri

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis efektivitas pengoperasian instalasi pengolah air limbah (IPAL perusahaan peraih sel1ifikasi ISO 14001 di Kawasan Simongan Kota Semarang. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif-komparatif dan inferensial dengan menggunakan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, pada perusahaan farmasi, rata-rata konsentrasi TSS, BOD, dan COD periode 1989-1998 (sebelum memperoleh ISO 14001 masing-masing sebesar 92,3229 mg/I, 45,5022 mg/I, dan 87,3691 mg/I, sedangkan rata-rata pH sebesar 7,2388. Parameter BOD dan COD memenuhi baku mutu, pH dalam interval baku mutu yang ditetapkan, sedangkan TSS berada di atas baku mutu. ABSTRACT This research was intended to analyze the effectivity of  waste water treatment plan operated by industrial companies holding ISO 14001 certificates in Simongan Area of SemarangCity. The data were analyzed descriptively, comparatively and inferentially using t-tests. The analyses showed that prior to obtaining ISO 14001 certificate (1989-1998, the pharmaeutical company had its average concentrations of TSS, BOD, and COD of 92.3229, 45.5022 and 87.3691 mg/l respectively, with an average pH of 7.2388. These parameters of BOD and COD had already met the prevailing standard qualities, the TSS parameter was above the standard quality, and the pH was within the prevailing standard quality interval. After obtaining the ISO 14001 certificate (2005-2008, this pharmaeutical company was able to maintain all of the key parameters to meet the prevailing stadard qualities. In case of the galvanizing company prior to obtaining ISO 14001 certificate (1989-1998, its average concentrations of TSS and CN were 256.3469 and 0.25575 mg/l respectively (above the prevailing standard qualities, those for total Cr, C+6, Cu, Zn, Ni, and Pb were 0.0510, 0.0036, 0.236060, 0.7242, 0.01790 and 0.0286 mg/l respectively (still under the prevailing standard qualities, while the an average pH was within the

  3. PERBANDINGAN DESAIN IPAL ANAEROBIC BIOFILTER DENGAN ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR UNTUK LIMBAH CAIR TEKSTIL DI SURABAYA

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    Yogie Restu Firmansyah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Effluen Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL di Pabrik Tekstil X belum memenuhi kriteria yang ada, terutama untuk masalah warna. Sistem pengolahan IPAL menggunakan Anaerobic Biofilter memiliki kelebihan menyisihkan bahan organik yang tinggi, kebutuhan lahan yang relatif tidak besar, dan biaya operasi yang murah dibandingkan dengan sistem lumpur aktif yang menggunakan proses aerasi. Rotating Biological Contactor (RBC juga memiliki kelebihan yang sama dengan anaerobic biofilter. Perbandingan antara kedua sistem tersebut diperlukan untuk mengetahui sistem yang paling efektif untuk mengolah air limbah di Pabrik Textil X. Pengolahan adsorbsi batok arang kelapa dipilih untuk menghilangkan warna. Perencanaan ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode yang sistematis dimulai pengumpulan data primer dan sekunder yang berupa data karakteristik dan debit air limbah, lalu dilakukan perhitungan dan penggambaran Detail Engineering Desan (DED, volume pekerjaan dan Rancangan Anggaran Biaya (RAB, setelah itu dilakukan pembahasan untuk membandingkan kelebihan dan kekurangan dari unit anaerobic Biofilter yang dilengkapi adsorbsi arang batok kelapa dan Rotating Biological Contactor yang dilengkapi adsorbsi arang batok kelapa, lalu diambil kesimpulan dan saran yang relevan dengan tujuan dari perancanaan ini. Dari perhitungan DED didapat dimensi untuk masing masing unit IPAL sebagai berikut Bak ekualisasi (2,6 m x 2,6 m x 2 m, Septic tank (1,75 m x 1,5m x 2,5m, Anaerobic Filter 4 kompartemen (4,5m x 2,5m x 2,5m, , RBC 2 shaft  (2,75m x 2,75 m x 1m, Adsorbsi (3,5 mx 6,75m x 0,55m. Biaya investasi alternative 1 sebesar Rp   700.193.694,29, biaya operasi sebesar Rp 50.222.462,40, biaya perawatan sebesar Rp 3.495.000,00. Alternatif 2 biaya investasi sebesar Rp 777.526.655,53, biaya operasi sebesar Rp Rp 53.012.599,20  , biaya perawatan sebesar Rp 3.495.000,00. Kelebihan anaerobic filter adalah biaya investasi yang lebih kecil, kebutuhan lahan yang lebih sedikit yaitu

  4. PENERAPAN ELEKTROOSMOSIS UNTUK PENGERINGAN SLUDGE DARI PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR

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    Darmawan Darmawan

    2013-11-01

    elektroosmosis yang dapat menurunkan kadar air sludge paling efisien dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh elektroosmosis terhadap karakteristik kimia sludge. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 pengeringan sludge terjadi pada jenis sludge IPAL TPA namun tidak pada jenis lumpur PDAM; (2 tegangan listrik searah sekitar 30 volt merupakan tegangan optimum; (3 katoda batang tembaga menghasilkan proses elektroosmosis yang sebanding katoda batang stainless steel dan lebih baik dibanding katoda stainless steel anyam; (4 waktu pengeringan dari kadar air awal 1200% (b/b hingga kadar air akhir sekitar 400% untuk volume sludge 2500 cm3 (skala laboratorium sekitar 40 jam; (5 anoda perlu dipindahkan secara bertahap mendekati katoda karena arus terputus pada saat sludge di titik anoda mencapai kadar air sekitar 400% dan mengalami pengerutan; dan (6 kadar beberapa unsur kimia dalam sludge menurun secara signifikan setelah perlakuan.

  5. REKONSTRUKSI ARSITEKTUR ISTANA KOTA PIRING

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    Totok Roesmanto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kota Piring Palace is located in the little island of Birm Bewa Tanjungpinang, Bintan Island. It was a centre government of Melayu Riau Sultanate in 1722-1784 after Johor and Pahang. The ruin of Kota Piring Palace are the part of fortwall and building foundations in aprehensive sondition. In this historical site exists 23 new buildings of permament construction. This research as the first action of the Kota Piring Palace architectural reconstruction is the trans-sectoral research included activities of archaeological research, historical research, architectural research, and this action must be continued by several reseaches. The wall position and courtyard pattern can be analyzed by the ruins of building foundation in the field of Kota Piring Palace artifact. The essential buildings in the complex of Kota Piring Palace can be known by historical study based on the text of Tuhfat Al-Nafis ancient book. Also, based on architectural study of the Melayu traditional building in Johor and Pahang in the same period can be estimated the building types and building forms of Kota Piring Palace. The artifact of Kota Piring Palace were burried on the ground can be found by archaeological excavation. This activity can be stars after relocation all of new buildings in the historical site. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Istana Kota Piring terletak di Pulau Biram Dewa, Tanjungpinang, Pulau Bintan adalah pusat pemerintahan Kesultanan Melayu Johor Riau pada tahun 1722-1784, dan berhubungan kesejarahan dengan Johor dan Pahang yang menjadi pusat pemerintahan sebelumnya. Istana Kota Piring tinggal menyisakan sebagian dinding tembok dan pondasi bangunan dalam kondisi memprihatinkan, dan di atasnya telah berdiri banyak bangunan baru berkonstruksi permanen. Penelitian ini merupakan kegiatan awal untuk merekonstruksi arsitektur Istana Kota Piring berupa penelitian lintas-sektoral mencakup arkeologi-sejarah-arsitektur, yang harus dilanjutkan dengan penelitian

  6. Perancangan Buku Food Photography Kuliner Khas Bali Di Kota Denpasar

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    Harries, Wilson Philips; Negara, I Nengah Sudika; Aryanto, Hendro

    2016-01-01

    Kota Denpasar adalah Ibu Kota dari Provinsi Bali. Kota yang berada ditengah-tengah daerah wisata seperti Kuta, Nusa dua, Seminyak, dan masih banyak lagi. Kota ini jarang disinggahi oleh wisatawan, namun di Kota ini memiliki berbagai macam kuliner khas. Namun kuliner khas Bali di Kota Denpasar tidak banyak yang mengetahuinya, seperti Mak Beng, Sate Plecing Arjuna, ataupun Nasi Bali Men Weti. Padahal kuliner di Kota Denpasar sendiri sangat berpotensi untuk dijadikan sebagai salah satu objek wis...

  7. PERENCANAAN SISTEM PENYALURAN AIR LIMBAH DOMESTIK KOTA BOGOR MENGGUNAKAN AIR HUJAN UNTUK DEBIT PENGGELONTORAN (Planning of Domestic Wastewater Sewerage in Bogor City Using Rainwater for Flushing Flowrate

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    Allen Kurniawan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sistem penyaluran air limbah merupakan bagian penting dalam sistem prasarana perkotaan. Tujuan penelitian ini merancang konfigurasi sistem penyaluran air limbah domestik dan memodifikasi sistem drainase skala mikro di Kota Bogor untuk memenuhi debit penggelontoran. Data penelitian berupa data sekunder dari instansi terkait, studi pustaka, dan hasil beberapa penelitian terdahulu. Perkiraan jumlah penduduk setiap kelurahan pada tahun perencanaan 2035 menggunakan metode geometrik. Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL dibangun pada dua lokasi yaitu IPAL 1 di Kelurahan Bantarjati dan IPAL 2 di Kelurahan Mekarwangi. Perencanaan blok pelayanan sebanyak 254 buah dan jumlah manhole sebanyak 334 buah. Perhitungan kebutuhan air bersih menghasilkan nilai debit jam puncak air limbah (Qjp rata-rata sebesar 5,75 L/detik. Debit air bersih menghasilkan perkiraan sebesar 80% air limbah. Nilai Qp pada inlet IPAL 1 sebesar 0,59 m3/detik dengan diameter 900 mm, sedangkan nilai Qp pada inlet IPAL 2 sebesar 1,42 m3/detik dengan diameter 1000 mm. Pengaliran air limbah diusahakan secara gravitasi dengan kedalaman galian maksimum sebesar 6 m. Sistem drainase skala mikro dirancang untuk memenuhi debit penggelontoran. Perhitungan intensitas hujan terpilih menggunakan Metode Sherman. Titik penggelontoran sebanyak 53 titik dengan debit penggelontoran rata-rata sebesar 0,03 m3/detik. Debit saluran drainase rata-rata sebesar 0,25 m3/detik. ABSTRACT Sewerage system is an important part of the urban infrastructure. The research objectives were to design a system configuration domestic wastewater sewerage and modify drainage systems in Bogor City for flushing discharge. The research used secondary data from relevant institutions, literature, and the results of previous researches. Estimated of the population of each village in 2035 used geometric method. Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP would be constructed in two locations in Bantarjati and Mekarwangi Village. Planning

  8. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI AKTIVITAS KEWIRAUSAHAAN DI KOTA SURABAYA DAN KOTA DENPASAR HASIL GEM 2013

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    Yogo Aryo Jatmiko

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi aktivitas kewirausahaan di kota Surabaya dan kota Denpasar berdasarkan faktor-faktor: knowledge of other entrepeneurs, perception of opportunities, perception of self-capabilities dan fear failure dengan variabel jenis kelamin (gender sebagai variabel kontrol. Data yang digunakan adalah data dari global entrepeneurship monitor (GEM. Dalam studi ini, data yang digunakan adalah data cross-sectional untuk survei tahun 2013, baik untuk kota Surabaya maupun kota Denpasar. Model yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi logistik sequential untuk memprediksi keterlibatan faktor dengan aktivitas kewirausahaan. Kota Surabaya tidak signifikan dipengaruhi oleh knowledge of other entrepeneurs. Untuk kota Denpasar, variabel perception of self-capabilities dan fear to fail tidak signifikan mempengaruhi aktivitas kewirausahaan di kota Denpasar. Variabel gender berpengaruh secara signifikan di kota Surabaya, tetapi tidak di kota Denpasar.

  9. Peran Faktor Demografi Dalam Pengembangan Hutan Kota Di Sumatera Bagian Selatan

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    Edwin Martin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Fokus utama peranan hutan kota adalah pada jasa-jasa lingkungan. Sayangnya, kota-kota di negara- negara berkembang menghadapi banyak tantangan dalam mengembangkan hutan kota ini. Faktor demografi bertambahnya jumlah penduduk dipahami sebagai masalah bagi kota dalam mengintegrasikan hutan kota ke dalam perencanaan kota dan pengembangannya. Hasil penelitian di negara maju menyebutkan bahwa justru kepadatan penduduk merupakan potensi dalam pengembangan hutan kota. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan pengetahuan tentang peran faktor demografi dalam hubungannya dengan pengembangan hutan kota. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan makro dan mikro. Cara makro membandingkan kinerja hutan kota antarkota yang berbeda secara demografi, sementara cara mikro mencari tahu perbedaan kinerja hutan kota antarwilayah yang berbeda kepadatan penduduknya dalam satu kota. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepadatan penduduk sebagai faktor demografi berperan sebagai penghambat dan pendukung pengembangan hutan kota. Kebutuhan luas minimal hutan kota suatu kota sebaiknya dihitung berdasarkan keadaan demografi kota.

  10. Tipologi Permukiman Kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya

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    Leny Agustin Maharani; Ema Umilia

    2014-01-01

    Permukiman kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya merupakan salah satu permasalahan kota. Permukiman di daerah ini menjadi rentan karena banyak masuknya penduduk desa ke kota dan memilih bertempat tinggal. Perkembangan kota Surabaya yang begitu pesat tidak diimbangi dengan pemeliharaan dan peningkatan prasarana, sehingga menjadi padat dan kumuh. Maka perlunya suatu tipologi permukiman kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian yaitu merumuskan tipologi permu...

  11. KAJIAN PENGELOLAAN KUALITAS LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA DI KOTA MAKASSAR (Study of the Household Waste Quality Management in Makassar City

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    Muhammad Siri Dangnga

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan kajian ini adalah: (1. Untuk mengetahui kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah Kota Makassar mengnai sistm dan pengembangan prasarana serta langkah-langkah yang ditempuh dalam pembuangan limbah rumah tangga, dan (2. Untuk mengetahui konsentrasi sat pencemar pada limbah rumah tangga yang terdapat di saluran pembuangan yang akan dilepas ke lingkungan. Pengelolaan limbah rumah tangga yang diterapkan di Kota Makassar adalah: (1 meningkatkan sistem setempat dari lubang peresapan menjadi tangki septik yang dilengkapi lubang resapan, (2 mengembangkan organisasi pengelola sistem terpusat, (3 mengembangkan sistem jaringan pelayanan air limbah untuk bagian kota yang padat penduduknya, (4 membangun sebuah instalasi pengolahan air limbah (IPAL, (5 memotivasi partisipasi masyarakat dan swasta dalam sistem pengelolaan air limbah, dan (6 mengembangkan sistm interceptor di luar daerah yang dilayani oleh sistem pengelolaan air limbah.     Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa beberapa parameter kandungan limbah rumah tangga telah melampaui baku mutu atau nilai ambang batas untuk limbah Golongan I. Parameter tersebut adalah Oksigen terlarut (DO, fosfat, BOD, dan deterjen.   ABSTRACT The objectives of the study are: (1 to know the government policies in Makassar city about system and infrastructure developing and efforts condacted in household waste disposal. (2 to understand the concentration of pollutant on household waste content which exists in disposal system discharge to the environment. The household waste management applied in Makassar City were to: (1 increase the spot system from infiltrate hole to septic tank equipped with absorption level. (2 develop the central system management organization, (3 develop the waste network system in densely populated city; (4 build the waste management installation, (5 motivate the participation of the general public and private in the waste management system; (6 develop the interceptor system outside territory

  12. SISTEM INFORMASI AKADEMIK SMK IHSANIYAH KOTA TEGAL

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    Ali Habsyi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK Ihsaniyah berlokasi di di Jalan Sumbodro No.14 kelurahan Slerok kecamatan Tegal Timur kota Tegal. SMK Ihsaniyah kota Tegal merupakan instansi yang bergerak dalam bidang pendidikan, saat ini membutuhkan sebuah sistem untuk dapat memberikan berbagai informasi khususnya informasi akademik terutama bagi peserta didik. Penyampaian informasi akademik di SMK Ihsaniyah kota Tegal masih bersifat manual, seperti nilai tugas atau  hasil UAS ditempelkan di papan pengumuman. Untuk itu dibuatkan sebuah Sistem Informasi Akademik SMK Ihsaniyah Kota Tegal,sehingga pendidik maupun peserta didik dapat melayani dan atau memperoleh layanan informasi akademik secara cepat dan praktis.Metode perancangan Sistem Informasi Akademik SMK Ihsaniyah Kota Tegalini menggunakan Diagram Arus Data (DFD, bahasa pemrograman PHP dan menggunakan database MySQL sehingga sistem yang dibuat bersifat dinamis. Dengan menggunakan sistem ini memaksimalkan pelayanan dan peningkatan produktivitas di bagian akademik. Kata Kunci : Sistem Informasi Akademi, PHP, MySQL

  13. KONSEP PERMUKIMAN KOTA TERPADU MANDIRI

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    Emilya Kalsum

    2016-12-01

    In order to support all activities in KTM, a concept of settlements that could lead to a standard / technical guidelines for KTM is needed. The concept is based on the strategic approach, technical, management; participation; sustainable development and socio-cultural oriented development. KTM settlement concept is divided into the identification of initial conditions, potentials and constraints of regional resources and sectoral policies and regional development policies, analysis of the potential and development of the region, the pattern and structure of regional infrastructure, identification of problem issues of infrastructure; and the formulation of the concept of settlement for KTM. Analysis was conducted by analyzing field data combined with the theoretical basis of spatial layout. The concept of neighborhood settlements adapted to function; manifested by the basic concept of facilities and infrastructure needs, and also are synchronized with the phase of development. REFERENCES Chambers, Robert. (1969. Settlement Schemes In Tropical Africa. New York: Praeger Chiara, Joseph De. (1975. Urban Planning and Design Criteria. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Dirjen Pembinaan Pengembangan Masyarakat dan Kawasan Transmigrasi. (2006. Kota Terpadu Mandiri. Jakarta. Nas, PJM Dr. (1979 Kota Di Dunia Ketiga: Pengantar Sosiologi Kota dalam Tiga Bagian. Jakarta: Bhratara Karya Aksara

  14. Masalah Permukiman Kota: Permukiman Kumuh, Perumnas, dan Real Estate

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    S Sudaryono

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Perumahan sebagai salah satu komponen infrstruktur akan menjadi tema yang sangat penting dalam kerangka baik isue global maupun nasional, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan pembangunan industri pada kota-kota di Indonesia di masa datang. Studi ini akan membahas permasalahan dari tiga tipe deliveri perumahan di Indonesia yang cukup menonjol yakni: 1 pemukiman kumuh, 2 perumnas, dan 3 real estate. Secara singkat dapat dikatakan bahwa munculny pemukiman kumuh di kota-kota di Indonesia dan negara-negara berkembang pada umumnya adalah berakar pada gagapnya kota-kota tersebut dalam menyiasati gelombang global industrialisasi yang dibawa oleh revolusi industri.

  15. ’KARSTEN’ DALAM PERENCANAAN KOTA DAN PEMUKIMAN DI KOTA MALANG

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    Ana Christalina Siuriwati Suryorini

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. The industrial revolution in Europe make an impact on the development of big cities in Indonesia especially producing region for industrial raw materials in Europe. Political ethics reciprocation by the Netherlands to the Indonesian nation manifested in urban planning, among others, improvement of quality and environmental management due to the increase of the Dutch people who go to big cities and towns in the Netherlands Indies plantation. Malang City as the region surrounded by plantations developed quite rapidly in 1917 as a residential area planned by Ir. Herman Thomas Karsten Dutch city planners.   This study uses data exploration methods using observational study of literature and documentation. In the first stage described the concept of town owned by Ir. Thomas Karsten. In the second phase, analysis of case planning by the city of Malang, Ir. Herman Thomas Karsten. This research has produced: the concept of "Indiese Stedebouw" that can be drawn into the three red lines as follows: the macro-scale planning (satellite town, messo (neighboorhod and micro (house lots. In principle, the concept is a concept Indiese Stedebouw to plan the town follow the town master plan that is comprehensive as controller. Malang City as one of the city planned by Karsten planned to live in unity together with great harmony.   Keywords: Indiese Stedebouw, Karsten, kota Malang   ABSTRAK. Revolusi industri di Eropa memberikan dampak pada perkembangan kota-kota besar di Indonesia khususnya daerah penghasil bahan baku mentah industri di Eropa. Pengaruh politik dari bangsa Belanda terhadap bangsa Indonesia juga mempengaruhi perencanaan kota satu dengan lainnya, peningkatan kualitas dan juga manajemen lingkungan terhadap meningkatnya orang-orang Belanda yang tinggal di kota-kota besar di perkebunan Hindia Belanda. Kota Malang sebagai daerah yang dikelilingi oleh perkebunan, berkembang secara pesat pada tahun 1917 sebagai daerah permukiman yang

  16. DINAMIKA SISTEM KOTA-KOTA DAN PEMILIHAN ALTERNATIF PUSAT PERTUMBUHAN BARU DI PROPINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

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    Bambang Sriyanto Prakoso

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisa dinamika dan variasi perkembangan sistem kota-kota dan karakter kekotaan, guna memilih atau menentukan alternatif pengembangan pusat pusat baru di Propinsi sehingga pembangunan lebih merata. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptifianalitis dengan analisis data sekunder. Lingkup daerah penelitian meliputi seluruh desa di Propinsi DIY, sejumlah 438 desa yang tersebar di lima Kabupaten. Variabel yang digunakan meliputi variabel demografis untuk menganalisa sistem dan hirarki kota-kota dan variabel karakter kekotaan. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah Index primacy, Analisis Faktor, Crosstab dan Korelasi, Pembuatan Tipologi Wilayah. Sedangkan analisis spasial atau pemetaan dengan program Arc View. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, dinamika sistem kota-kota di Propinsi DIY sepanjang tahun 1960-2002 memperlihatkan gejala primacy atau pemusatan perkembangan di Kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya (pinggiran. Hal tersebut mengindikasikan adanya kesenjangan perkembangan wilayah dan beban kota semakin meningkat. Semakin tinggi peringkat wilayah, semakin dinamis perubahan yang terjadi, sena semakin tinggi karakter kekotaan yang dimilikinya. Fenomena pemusatan perkembangan yang tedadi di kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya merupakan bukti empiris pemusatan sistem perkotaan. Berdasarkan analisis yang komprehensif, ditetapkan kluster pusat pertumbuhan baru di lima Kabupaten Kota, yaitu Kluster Sentolo (Kabupaten Kulonprogo, Kluster Srandakan-Galur (Kabupaten Bantul, Kluster Playen-Patuk (Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, Kluster Tempel-Sleman (Kabupaten Sleman, dan Kluster Giwangan (Kota Yogyakarta. Penelitian merekomendasikan redistribusi hasil-hasil pembangunan melalui pengembangan dan penguatan pusat pertumbuhan baru, pembentukan tata ruang perwilayahan dan sistem perkotaan yang fungsional. Pusat pertumbuhan baru harus `mandiri. dan diintegrasikan dengan wilayah belakangnya (hinterland, sehingga tercipta keterkaitan fisik

  17. PEMANTAUAN KESEHATAN HUTAN KOTA PEKANBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayu Prastyaningsih

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Kota   merupakan   pusat   terkonsentrasinya   penduduk   maupun   pusat aktivitas perekonomian. Perkembangan Provinsi Riau yang semakin pesat seperti pertambahan penduduk dan pembangunan mall atau gedung-gedung bertingkat sebagai kawasan perkantoran dan kawasan bisnis menyebabkan terjadinya penurunan kualitas lingkungan di ibukota Provinsi Riau. Kondisi lingkungan bertambah parah apabila terjadi gangguan kabut asap akibat kebakaran hutan dan lahan saat musim kemarau tiba. Kualitas udara yang buruk memberikan dampak terhadap kesehatan manusia bahkan mengganggu aktivitas rutin masyarakat dan negara tetangga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kesehatan hutan kota di Pekanbaru sehingga dapat dilakukan tindakan pemeliharaan. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan bermanfaat menjadi informasi mengenai kondisi tegakan di hutan kota Pekanbaru serta memberikan rekomendasi tindakan perlakuan terhadap kerusakan tegakan. Penelitian ini dilakukan selama 3 bulan ( Mei - Juli 2014 di salah satu Ruang Terbuka Hijau Kota Pekanbaru yaitu di Hutan Kota Jl. Diponegoro. Metode yang digunakan adalah Grey dan Deneke (1978 dengan mengamati kerusakan fisik, kerusakan mekanik dan kerusakan akibat hama penyakit. Pengamatan  dilakukan dengan membuat 4 jalur  ukuran 20 x 80 meter dengan jarak antar jalur 10 meter. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kerusakan tegakan di hutan kota Pekanbaru sebesar 46,42%. Tingkat kerusakan tegakan dengan peringkat 1 (sangat baik sebesar 96 % sedangkan peringkat 2 (baik sebesar 4%. City is the center of the central concentration of population and economic activity. The development of Riau Province in Indonesia State is rapidly increasing population growth and development such as a mall or high-rise buildings as an office area and business district led to environmental degradation in the capital of Riau Province. Environmental conditions worsen smog in the event of disruption caused by land and forest fires during the dry

  18. Karakteristik Biaya Operasi Kendaraan Sepeda Motor di Kota Makassar

    OpenAIRE

    asri, arifin; Samang, Lawalenna; Ali, Nur; Ramli, M. Isran

    2013-01-01

    Salah satu faktor pendorong meningkatnya penggunaan sepeda motor di kota-kota besar di Indonesia termasuk di Kota Makassar adalah biaya operasi kendaraan (BOK) sepeda motor lebih efisien dibandingkan dengan BOK jenis kendaraan lainnya. Dalam konteks tersebut, studi ini bertujuan memodelkan berbagai komponen biaya operasi kendaraan penggunaan sepeda motor di Kota Makassar. Studi ini melakukan survei wawancara terhadap kurang lebih 1500 pengendara sepeda motor yang melintas pada 3 ruas jalan...

  19. Labuan Deli Kota Pelabuhan Tradisional Port City Deli Labuan Traditional

    OpenAIRE

    Hutagaol, Novita Mandasari

    2016-01-01

    Labuan Deli merupakan salah satu kota tradisional yang ramai dikunjungi sebelum kedatangan Belanda. Selain sebagai kota, Labuan Deli juga digunakan sebagai bandar perdagangan. Melalui Labuan Deli barang di ekspor dan di impor. Labuan Deli yang berada di bawah kekuasaan Kesultanan Deli dijadikan sebagai pusat pemerintahan Kesultanan Deli, sehingga hal ini menyebabkan Labuan Deli berkembang menjadi sebuah kota tradisional. Melalui artikel ini dapat dilihat gambaran kota tradisional sebelum keda...

  20. City Branding: Strategi Pemasaran Pariwisata Kota Padang

    OpenAIRE

    Adona, Fitri; Nita, Sri; Yusnani; Mafrudoh, Luth

    2017-01-01

    Suatu kota dianggap memiliki kualifikasi brand yang kuat jika mempunyai sejarah, kualitas tempat, gaya hidup, budaya, dan keragaman yang layak jual sebagai destinasi wisata dan investasi. Kota Padang dinilai memiliki hampir semua kualifikasi tersebut, namun cara pemasaran daerahnya dinilai kurang efektif dan kurang dipahami oleh investor. Kendala utamanya adalah pilihan produk yang tidak sesuai dan cara mengkomunikasikannya yang tidak mengacu pada branding communication dan city branding. Pen...

  1. MORFOLOGI KOTA SOLO (TAHUN 1500-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Prayitno

    2007-01-01

    installations. In 2000s, the city of Solo acquired the city problems like the other cities in Indonesia. The city problems were divided into three aspects as follows: the built environment; the natural environment; and the social environment. The accumulation of those problems made the city grow in decline direction that needs to be fixed by a-sustainable-city design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Paper ini berusaha mengupas tentang perubahan struktur dan bentuk Kota Solo setelah mengalami perkembangan dari masa ke masa. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan studi pendekatan kearsipan, baik arsip primer, arsip sekunder maupun arsip fisik. Untuk arsip primer bersumber pada naskah-naskah dokumenter Jawa, seperti parintah, undang-undang, pranatan, piyagem, kakancingan, serat, gugat, penget dan babad. Untuk arsip sekunder bersumber pada buku-buku dari para ahli sejarah (Ricklefs, Lombard, Vorstensteden, Muljana, Notosusanto, Kartodirdjo dll dan hasil riset dari para ahli sejarah arsitektur Jawa (Ronald, Ikaputra, Adishakti dll. Untuk arsip fisik bersumber dari artefak, elemen alam dan tradisi masyarakat yang diperoleh dari survey lapangan. Temuan utama dari studi morfologi Kota Solo pada tahun 1500-2000 adalah, elemen 'tulang' telah tumbuh membentuk berbagai formasi, yaitu memusat, mengelompok dan organik. Elemen 'daging' telah tumbuh secara horisontal, vertikal dan interestisial. Sementara elemen 'darah' telah berkembang dari orang-orang pribumi (Jawa, Madura, Banjar bertambah dengan orang-orang pendatang (Cina, Arab, India, Belanda, dengan mata pencaharian dari agricultural ke non-agricultural. Temuan penting lainnya adalah, Kota Solo tersusun oleh tiga konsep yang berlainan, yang saling tumpang tindih, yaitu konsep organik oleh masyarakat pribumi, konsep kolonial oleh masyarakat Belanda dan konsep kosmologi oleh masyarakat Keraton Jawa. Kota Solo pada tahun 1500-1750 masih berupa kota tepian sungai di Bengawan Solo, kemudian pada tahun 1750-1850 berkembang menjadi kota campuran

  2. Strategi Branding Kota Surakarta dalam Pengelolaan sebagai Destinasi Wisata

    OpenAIRE

    Mustikawati, Lina; Luqman, Yanuar; Setiabudi, Djoko

    2013-01-01

    STRATEGI BRANDING KOTA SURAKARTA DALAM PENGELOLAANSEBAGAI DESTINASI WISATAAbstrakPengembangan pariwisata menjadi salah satu fokus dalam peningkatan kualitashidup masyarakat melalui pendapatan daerah. Surakarta menjadi salah satu kota diIndonesia yang konsen terhadap sektor pariwisata karena memiliki potensi senidan budaya untuk dijadikan sebuah produk wisata yang dapat dijual kepadawisatawan.Saat ini, Surakarta menjadi sebuah kota wisata dengan konsep wisatabudaya. Tahun 2010 menjadi tahun di...

  3. PENATAAN TEPIAN SUNGAI CENRANAE DENGAN PENDEKATAN EKOLOGIS DI KOTA SENGKANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Setianingsih

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Tepian Sungai adalah salah satu ruang kota yang sering dimanfaatkan sebagai wadah untuk beragam aktifitas masyarakat kota. Pemanfaatan tepian sungai sudah banyak mengalami perubahan fisik. Sehingga menyebabkan adanya perubahan nilai lingkungan yang semakin tidak teratur. Sekarang ini banyak kota-kota di Indonesia menerapkan aspek Ekologis sebagai salah satu aspek terpenting dalam sebuah perancangan sebuah ruang kota. Dengan pendekatan ekologis terhadap gagasan konsep perancangan kota yang di terapkan pada tepian Sungai Cenranae di harapkan mampu menjadi ruang kota yang berwawasan lingkungan dan memiliki nilai Eco-Sustainable pada kota Sengkang. Kata Kunci : Ruang Kota, Tepian Sungai, Ekologi Abstract— The banks of the river is one of spaces that is often used as a place for a variety of urban community activities. Utilization of the riverbank has undergone many physical changes. In order to cause a change in the environmental value increasing irregularly. Today many cities in Indonesia applying Ecological aspects as one of the most important aspects in designing of an urban space . With an ecological approach to the idea of urban design concept is applied to the banks of the River Cenranae expected to become environmentally sound urban space and has a value of Eco -Sustainable in Sengkang city Key Word : City Hall, River Bank, Ecology

  4. Sludge busters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pichon, Max

    2010-01-01

    Full text: A few years ago, For Earth developed low energy sub-surface aeration systems to increase the biological activity in the wastewater sludge ponds. Then came the idea to introduce probiotic bacteria to really ramp up the process, which promises massive time and cost savings in sludge management. Increasing the volumes of specific bacteria reactivates the sludge, accelerating biological nutrient removal in general and, by tailoring the bacteria, targeting specific organic waste types. The technology is already running at more than 30 councils across NSW and in some commercial settings, such as dairy farms. Shane McKibbin, GM of For Earth, said the 'Probiotic, Low Energy Aeration System' offers considerable upside. “The cost savings have been enormous with some councils, including the work done at Woolgoolga Water Reclamation Plant at Coffs Harbour,” he said. Sludge settling in wastewater treatment plant lagoons is typically pumped out, centrifuged to remove water and then landfilled. In Woolgoolga's case that process was costing Coffs Harbour Water $150 a cubic metre; McKibbin said they've slashed that to a measly $5 a cubic metre. An array of 'industrial air stones' is dropped 1m below the surface to create an oxygenated blanket across the surface, overcoming the tendency of sludge ponds to stagnate. The key though is floating probiotic dosing lines across the surface, which kick-starts the probiotics process. “Previously, some operators just wanted to throw it on with a bucket, so the bacteria would get thrown into one corner of the pond. But since we introduced the dosing system it has really improved the overall performance,” said McKibbin.The dosing pump system automatically applies the bacteria into the dosing line according to a specified program, ensuring the probiotics are spread out across the pond and across the week. “I would say it improves and accelerates the result by 30 per cent,” he adds. “The biggest problem was that

  5. Sludge busters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pichon, Max

    2010-07-15

    Full text: A few years ago, For Earth developed low energy sub-surface aeration systems to increase the biological activity in the wastewater sludge ponds. Then came the idea to introduce probiotic bacteria to really ramp up the process, which promises massive time and cost savings in sludge management. Increasing the volumes of specific bacteria reactivates the sludge, accelerating biological nutrient removal in general and, by tailoring the bacteria, targeting specific organic waste types. The technology is already running at more than 30 councils across NSW and in some commercial settings, such as dairy farms. Shane McKibbin, GM of For Earth, said the 'Probiotic, Low Energy Aeration System' offers considerable upside. “The cost savings have been enormous with some councils, including the work done at Woolgoolga Water Reclamation Plant at Coffs Harbour,” he said. Sludge settling in wastewater treatment plant lagoons is typically pumped out, centrifuged to remove water and then landfilled. In Woolgoolga's case that process was costing Coffs Harbour Water $150 a cubic metre; McKibbin said they've slashed that to a measly $5 a cubic metre. An array of 'industrial air stones' is dropped 1m below the surface to create an oxygenated blanket across the surface, overcoming the tendency of sludge ponds to stagnate. The key though is floating probiotic dosing lines across the surface, which kick-starts the probiotics process. “Previously, some operators just wanted to throw it on with a bucket, so the bacteria would get thrown into one corner of the pond. But since we introduced the dosing system it has really improved the overall performance,” said McKibbin.The dosing pump system automatically applies the bacteria into the dosing line according to a specified program, ensuring the probiotics are spread out across the pond and across the week. “I would say it improves and accelerates the result by 30 per cent,” he adds. “The biggest problem was that

  6. Ibm Kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibnu Toto Husodo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Gapura bukan semata-mata bangunan fisik yang diartikan sebagai pintu gerbang, tanda batas kota, kabupaten, desa atau kampung. Menurut tradisi, gapura merupakan wujud ungkapan selamat datang yang familiar, semanak, welcome. ?é?áGapura?é?á mewakili?é?á keramahan ?é?ádan ?é?árasa ?é?áhormat?é?á tuan ?é?árumah ?é?ákepada setiap orang atau tamu yang datang.Umumnya gapura dibangun?é?á ?é?áuntuk memperingati Hari Kemerdekaan. Gapura telah menjadi simbol gotong royong, keakraban dan kebersamaan warga masyarakat. Yang menumbuhkan kerinduan setiap tahunnya khususnya menjelang peringatan Hari Kemerdekaan. Dengan ?é?ámembangun?é?á atau ?é?ámerenovasi ?é?ágapura,?é?á nilai-nilai ?é?ákebersamaan dan semangat gotong royong , diperbaharui dalam hati setiap warga. Kegiatan merenovasi, mengecat ulang, membuat atau membangun gapura menjadi lebih menarik ketika pihak-pihak swasta ikut terlibat dengan cara mengadakan lomba mempercantik gapura. Dalam rangka untuk menyambut hari Kemerdekaan ke-70, maka perlu diadakan perbaikan bando GAPURA di wilayah kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari?é?á ?é?áKota Semarang. Oleh sebab itu kami selaku Akademisi dari Universitas PGRI Semarang melakukan kegiatan Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi dengan bentuk Pengabdian Masyarakat untuk program Perbaikan Bando Gapura di Jl. Plewan II Kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari Kota Semarang, beserta masyarakat setempat sepakat melakukan kegiatan bersama guna merenovasi gapura. ?é?á Kata kunci : gapura , pintu gerbang gapura.

  7. PERANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI DRAINASE KOTA SURABAYA

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    Bambang Sriyanto Eko Prakoso

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian adalah melakukan identifikasi basis data dan “software” yang digunakan untuk mengelola basis data tersebut di daerah penelitian, dan mengembangkan atau merancang Sistem Informasi Drainase di daerah penelitian. Hasil identifikasi basis data dan “software” pengelolanya menunjukkan adanya dua jenis basis data yang telah dikembangkan di Kota Surabaya. Basis data yang pertama bersifat umum dan kurang lengkap serta dikelola dengan program Autocad. Sedangkan basis data yang kedua sudah memadai, bahkan struktur basis data dan tata letak data sudah baik yang dikelola dengan program ArcView versi 3.1. Oleh karena itu, pilihan basis data dijatuhkan pada basis data yang kedua dengan program pengelolanya adalah ArcView. Mengingat adanya, beberapa kekurangan pada basis data tersebut maka diperlukan penambahan dan pengurangan data serta dilakukan beberapa perubahan pada struktur data yakni untuk kepentingan hubungan dengan kenampakan lain. Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Drainase Kota Surabaya dikembangkan dengan program Visual Basic 6.0 dan ArcView versi 3.2. Dengan aplikasi ini memungkinkan pengguna akhir yang kurang ahli dapat mengoperasikan dengan cepat dan mudah dalam menghasilkan informasi yang dapat digunakan oleh para pengambil kebijakan untuk perencanaan dan pengelolaan sistem drainase Kota Surabaya.

  8. Perbedaan Kadar Formalin pada Tahu yang Dijual di Pasar Pusat Kota dengan Pinggiran Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Ardina Sari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTahu merupakan makanan yang digemari oleh masyarakat.Tahu mempunyai daya tahan sekitar 1 - 2 hari sehingga pedagang sering menambahkan formalin sebagai pengawet. Formalin merupakan bahan pengawet yang dilarang oleh pemerintah yang penggunaannya masih terdapat secara luas di masyarakat dan bila dilihat dari tekstur tahu yang dijual di pasar kota Padang, dicurigai tahu memiliki kandungan formalin.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan kadar formalin pada tahu yang dijual di pasar pusat kota dengan pinggiran kota Padang. Penelitian ini dilakukan di laboratorium Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Padang.Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik yang telah dilaksanakan pada bulan Juni-September 2013. Jumlah sampel adalah sebanyak 36 buah yang terdiri dari 18 sampel tahu yang berasal dari pasar pusat kota dan 18 sampel tahu yang berasal dari pasar pinggiran kota Padang. Uji kualitatif formalin pada tahu dilakukan dengan metode asam kromatropat dan uji kuantitatif formalin menggunakan metode titrasi asam basa. Analisis data dilakukan secara bivariat dengan menggunakan uji t. Hasil penelitian didapatkan kadar formalin pada tahu di pasar pusat kota Padang dari 18 sampel yang diperiksa terdapat 17 sampel yang positif formalin dengan kadar paling tinggi adalah 3.65%. Kadar formalin pada tahu di pasar pinggiran kota Padang dari 18 sampel yang diperiksa terdapat 17 sampel yang positif formalin dengan kadar paling tinggi adalah 2.73%. Rata-rata kadar formalin pada pasar pusat kota adalah 1.08% dan pasar pinggiran kota adalah 0.67%.Kata Kunci: kadar formalin, tahu, pasar pusat kota Padang, pasar pinggiran kota PadangAbstractTofu is a favorite food among the community. Tofu has resistance 1 - 2 days so that merchant often add formalin as a preservative. Formalin is a preservative which is banned by the government that there is still widespread use in the community and the texture of tofu sold in the market is suspected for having

  9. Sludge recovery apparatus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marmo, A.R.

    1979-01-01

    Sludge recovery machine comprising a hollow centrifuge, a vertical pipe for feeding in a liquid containing sludge and a sliding rake pressing against the internal wall of the centrifuge to dislodge and move the sludge, a power drive for spinning the centrifuge at high speed and a rotating drying table to take the sludge and dry it [fr

  10. Peran Penting Asia Africa Smart City Summit (AASCS 2015 terhadap Perkembangan Paradiplomasi Kota Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irsyaad Suharyadi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Bandung merupakan salah satu kota yang telah menerapkan  konsep smart city untuk menghadapi berbagai permasalahan kota. Sayangnya, konsep ini masih terkendala pada ketersediaan dana dan teknologi. Oleh karena itu, Ridwan Kamil sebagai kepala pemerintahan kota Bandung melakukan kegiatan paradiplomasi untuk mempromosikan Smart Kota Bandung. Salah satunya, melalui program 'Mercusuar' Asia Afrika Cerdas Kota Summit (AASCS. Kegitan Asia Afrika Cerdas Kota Summit (AASCS ini dihadiri oleh 26 walikota di seluruh Asia dan Afrika, dan delegasi dari 39 negara dan mengeluarkan kesepakatan Bandung Declaration on Smart Cities. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis akan menilai manfaat dan AASCS peran dalam kegiatan paradiplomasi Bandung menggunakan teori paradiplomasi yang dipopulerkan oleh Ivo Duchacek (1990, dan membandingkannya dengan prestasi kota lain, seperti Amsterdam dan Bogota. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa konferensi internasional seperti AASCS mampu meningkatkan secara signifikan popularitas kota, serta kesempatan untuk mengadakan kerjasama lebih lanjut.

  11. HUBUNGAN SOSIAL ANTARA ETNIS BANJAR DAN ETNIS MADURA DI KOTA BANJARMASIN

    OpenAIRE

    Yusuf Hidayat

    2013-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memahami integrasi sosial antara etnis Banjar dan Madura di Kota Banjarmasin. Berbeda dengan kota lain di Kalimantan, di kota Banjarmasin, etnis Banjar dan Madura dapat hidup bersama tanpa ada konflik keras meskipun kedua etnis tersebut sama-sama dikenal sebagai etnis pedagang. Penelitian ini mengadopsi metode kualitatif yang berfokus pada keunikan setiap individu sebagai produsen realitas. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di kota Banjarmasin dan telah mewawan...

  12. Hubungan Sosial antara Etnis Banjar dan Etnis Madura di Kota Banjarmasin

    OpenAIRE

    Hidayat, Yusuf

    2013-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memahami integrasi sosial antara etnis Banjar dan Madura di Kota Banjarmasin. Berbeda dengan kota lain di Kalimantan, di kota Banjarmasin, etnis Banjar dan Madura dapat hidup bersama tanpa ada konflik keras meskipun kedua etnis tersebut sama-sama dikenal sebagai etnis pedagang. Penelitian ini mengadopsi metode kualitatif yang berfokus pada keunikan setiap individu sebagai produsen realitas. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di kota Banjarmasin dan telah mewawan...

  13. RANCANG BANGUN MODEL PERANGKAT LUNAK INFORMASI UKM KOTA PALEMBANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Haidar Mirza

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Usaha Kecil dan Menengah (UKM merupakan suatu kegiatan usaha menghasilkan suatu produk komoditi yang berada pada level menengah kebawah, dimana sektor usaha ini lebih menyentuh langsung dalam hal peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat luas yang pada umumnya adalah masyarakat menengah kebawah, sektor usaha UKM mampu memberikan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang signifikan walaupun pertumbuhannya tidak cepat seperti sektor perekonomian yang lain. Rancang bangun model perangkat lunak UKM Kota Palembang diharapkan mampu memberikan stimulus yang pesat terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi khususnya sektor UKM Kota Palembang serta membantu pihak – pihak yang terkait baik instansi yang membutuhkan, masyarakat luas dan para inventor, dimana dalam mengembangkan rancang bangun model perangkat lunak UKM Kota Palembang meggunakan 2 metode yaitu metode Database Lifecylce untuk pengembangan Database sebagai media penyimpanan data melalui beberapa proses antara lain Design Database secara Konseptual, Design Database secara Logikal serta Design Database secara Fisikal dan metode Rapid Application Development (RAD untuk pengembangan User Interface sebagai rancangan tampilan terhadap rancang bangun model perangkat lunak UKM Kota Palembang.

  14. PARTISIPASI POLITIK MASYARAKAT MISKIN KOTA DALAM PEMILIHAN PRESIDEN DAN WAKIL PRESIDEN 2014 DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Nur Amaliah

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This research for knowing the political participation of the urban poor and the factors that affect the political participation of the urban poor in the election of President and Vice President in 2014 in the Village Mangasa Subdistrict Tamalate Makassar. The kind of research is descriptive quantitative research by explaining the political participation of the urban poor, the sample of 30 people in the poor communities selected by purposive sampling. The results showed a participation rate of urban poor in the election of president and vice president in 2014 in the Village Mangasa Tamalate District Makassar. The form of political participation of the poor consists of electoral activities, the lobby, the organization's activities, find connections and acts of violence, political participation Reasons divided on the influence of community groups, availability of facilities, and low motivation. Typology of political participation consists of poor and semi apathetic apathy. As well as political communication is divided into function information and education functions. The political participation of the urban poor is also strongly influenced by factors supporting consisting of Consciousness or the will and the influence of the government, as well as inhibiting factors are factors Environmental and Economic factors.   Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui partisipasi politik masyarakat miskin kota dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi partisipasi politik masyarakat miskin kota dalam pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden 2014 di Kelurahan Mangasa Kecamatan Tamalate Kota Makassar. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan sampelnya sebanyak 30 orang masyarakat miskin yang di pilih secara Purposive Sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat partisipasi politik masyarakat miskin kota dalam pemilihan presiden dan wakil presiden 2014 di Kelurahan Mangasa Kecamatan Tamalate Kota Makassar. Adapun bentuk partisipasi politik

  15. Analisis Pemasaran Ayam Ras Pedaging di Pasar Tradisional Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Fachri, Yusrizal

    2017-01-01

    130306044 YUSRIZAL FACHRI, 2017. “Analisis Pemasaran Ayam Ras Pedaging di Pasar Tradisional Kota Medan”. Dibimbing oleh ARMYN HAKIM DAULAY dan NEVY DIANA HANAFI. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakteristik lembaga pemasaran, bentuk saluran, fungsi pemasaran, dan menganalisis nilai tambah di lembaga-lembaga pemasaran ayam ras pedaging di pasar tradisional Kota Medan pada April sampai Mei 2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer yang didapatkan dari observasi dan waw...

  16. Tipologi Permukiman Kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leny Agustin Maharani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Permukiman kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya merupakan salah satu permasalahan kota. Permukiman di daerah ini menjadi rentan karena banyak masuknya penduduk desa ke kota dan memilih bertempat tinggal. Perkembangan kota Surabaya yang begitu pesat tidak diimbangi dengan pemeliharaan dan peningkatan prasarana, sehingga menjadi padat dan kumuh. Maka perlunya suatu tipologi permukiman kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian yaitu merumuskan tipologi permukiman kumuh di Pinggiran Selatan Kota Surabaya, dilakukan tiga tahapan analisis yaitu pertama mengidentifikasi kondisi eksisting permukiman kumuh menggunakan metode statistik deskripsi, kedua untuk menentukan kriteria tipologi permukiman kumuh menggunakan analisa triangulasi dan delphi serta terakhir merumuskan tipologi permukiman kumuh dengan skoring, analisis cluster dan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian terbentuk 4 tipologi, yaitu tipologi 1 terdiri dari area Karangpilang dan Waru Gunung dengan kategori di semua aspek buruk. Tipologi 2 terdiri dari area Kebraon, Gayungan, Rungkut Menaggal dan Gunung Anyar dengan ciri yaitu aspek fisik kategori sedang, aspek sosial dan hukum kategori baik, serta aspek ekonomi kategori buruk. Tipologi 3 terdiri dari area Pagesangan, Kebonsari, Dukuh Menanggal, Panjang Jiwo dan Gunung Anyar Tambak dengan ciri semua aspek baik, kecuali aspek ekonomi kategori buruk. Sedangkan tipologi 4 terdiri dari area Kutisari dan Kendangsari, yang memiliki ciri yaitu aspek fisik kategori sedang, aspek sosial dan aspek ekonomi kategori buruk dan aspek hukum kategori baik.

  17. Flood loss assessment in the Kota Tinggi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tam, T H; Ibrahim, A L; Rahman, M Z A; Mazura, Z

    2014-01-01

    Malaysia is free from several destructive and widespread natural disasters but frequently affected by floods, which caused massive flood damage. In 2006 and 2007, an extreme rainfall occured in many parts of Peninsular Malaysia, which caused severe flooding in several major cities. Kota Tinggi was chosen as study area as it is one the seriously affected area in Johor state. The aim of this study is to estimate potential flood damage to physical elements in Kota Tinggi. The flood damage map contains both qualitative and quantitative information which corresponds to the consequences of flooding. This study only focuses on physical elements. Three different damage functions were adopted to calculate the potential flood damage and flood depth is considered as the main parameter. The adopted functions are United States, the Netherlands and Malaysia. The estimated flood damage for housing using United States, the Netherlands and Malaysia was RM 350/m 2 RM 200/m 2 and RM 100/m 2 respectively. These results successfully showed the average flood damage of physical element. Such important information needed by local authority and government for urban spatial planning and aiming to reduce flood risk

  18. Aplikasi Informasi Restoran Berbasis Web Services di Kota Manado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stenly Richard Pungus

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi web services adalah teknologi yang memungkinkan terbentuknya komunikasi antar dua atau lebih perangkat komputer yang memiliki lintas platform yang berbeda. Web services menggunakan teknologi XML dengan format SOAP dalam melakukan pertukaran informasi. Teknologi ini cocok untuk diintegrasikan di dalam proses bisnis, termasuk salah satunya adalah bisnis restoran khususnya restoran-restoran yang ada di kota Manado. Teknologi ini menjawab permasalahan yang dialami oleh para wisatawan yang datang berkunjung di kota Manado. Karena ketika mereka berkunjung di kota Manado, mereka kadangkala belum mengetahui informasi kuliner apa saja yang disajikan oleh restoran-restoran yang ada di kota Manado. Sehingga pada akhirnya dengan menggunakan teknologi ini, akan mempermudah wisatawan yang datang berkunjung di kota Manado dalam berkuliner. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengimplementasikan teknologi JSON dan JAVA web services pada perangkat mobile Android sehingga dapat menjadi media informasi bagi wisatawan lokal  maupun wisatawan asing yang datang berkunjung di kota Manado dalam berkuliner. Penelitian ini didasarkan atas alur kerja metodologi penelitian Rational Unified Process (RUP yaitu metodologi penelitian yang bersifat parallel dalam setiap tahapan proses pembangunannya. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan dan menghasilkan sebuah aplikasi yang telah diuji. Aplikasi yang dibangun berhasil mengimplementasikan teknologi web services dari bahasa pemrograman Java dengan teknologi web services dari bahasa pemrograman PHP. Penggabungan kedua teknologi ini, menggabungkan informasi restoran-restoran yang ada di kota Manado untuk terintegrasi ke dalam sebuah aplikasi Android tanpa memandang apakah restoran terebut memiliki web services ataukah tidak. Apabila restoran tersebut tidak memiliki web services, mereka bisa menggunakan alternatif lain untuk memanfaatkan web services yang disediakan khusus bagi restoran-restoran yang tidak memiliki web services

  19. Aspek Budaya Dalam Keistimewaan Tata Ruang Kota Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryanto .

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dengan ditetapkannya budaya dan tata ruang kota sebagai penanda keistimewaan Yogyakarta dalam UU No. 13 tahun 2012 tentang Keistimewaan Yogyakarta, maka Yogyakarta merupakan kasus spesifik dalam Penataan Ruang, karena aspek Tata Ruang menjadi salah satu penanda Keistimewaannya. Apa yang istimewa. Apanya yang istimewa dang mengapa istimewa; apakah penanda (tata ruang kota, petanda (konsep budaya atau makna/pesan dari hubungan antara petanda dengan penandanya yang tersirat dalam wujud tata ruang kota Yogya. Penelitian ini berupaya untuk mengenali dan memahami hubungan antara kebudayaan, tata kota dan keistimewaan Yogyakarta. Dari bukti-bukti empiris, kajian tentang kebudayan dan tata ruang kota memerlukan rentang waktu panjang, karena akan menyangkut data longitudinal (diakronik dan lateral (sinkronik. Oleh karena itu studi ini perlu didudukkan dalam bingkai sejarah dan budaya, untuk membaca peristiwa sepanjang perkembangan kota Yogyakarta, dari HB I sampai HB IX. Kemudian untuk memahami makna kaitan antar penanda dan petanda sepanjang perjalanan perkembangan kota, maka digunakan metoda hermeneutika, khususnya Hermeneutik Paul Ricoeur. Dari hasil kajian terhadap obyek tata ruang kota yang dianggap istimewa, maka budaya yang mewujud dalam keistimewaan tata ruang kota Yogyakarta bisa dilihat dari komponen ruang kotanya maupun konfigurasi fungsi ruang kotanya. Kesimpulan penting dari penelitian ini adalah konsep budaya yang mewujud dalam tata ruang kota, yaitu monumental dan pertahanan, yang tidak ditemui di kota manapun di Indonesia. Kemudian dari sisi makna, terjadi perbedaan makna simbol-simbol tata ruang kota di era HB I dan HB IX.Kata kunci. Kebudayaan, tata ruang kota, budaya, Yogyakarta. Since Yogyakarta’s culture and spatiality were proclaimed as special features of Yogyakarta as stated in Law No. 13, 2012 on the Special Region of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta is recognized as a specific case in spatial planning, because its spatiality is one of

  20. APLIKASI MOBILE INFORMASI PARIWISATA KOTA SEMARANG BERBASIS ANDROID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tirta Indra Wibowo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan teknologi saat ini semakin pesat, salah satu yang perkembangannya cukup pesat saat ini adalah sistem operasi Android.  Aplikasi Semarang Tour adalah aplikasi mobile informasi pariwisata kota Semarang yang berbasiskan Android. Aplikasi ini menampilkan informasi objek wisata, wisata kuliner, hotel, pusat belanja, info taxi, info CCTV lalu lintas, dan peta lokasi sekitar. Dengan aplikasi Semarang Tour ini pengguna  dapat mengetahui peta wisata dan petunjuk arah  lokasi wisata dengan memanfaatkan GPS pada perangkat android. Metodelogi penelitian yang digunakan adalah model pengembangan sistem waterfall. Objek wisata dan objek pendukung pariwisata yang ada di aplikasi ini merupakan objek-objek yang direkomendasikan oleh Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata kota Semarang. Aplikasi ini diharapkan dapat menyajikan  suatu informasi yang lebih efektif dan informatif  sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai panduan oleh masyarakat saat berwisata di kota Semarang. Kata kunci: Android, aplikasi mobile, pariwisata

  1. PELAKSANAAN AKAD PEMBIAYAAN MUDHARABAH DI BANK SUMUT SYARIAH KOTA MEDAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isnaini Isnaini

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Transaksi mudharabah adalah bentuk kerja sama antara dua pihak atau lebih yaitu pemilik modal (shahibul maal mempercayakan sejumlah modal kepada pengelola (mudharib dengan suatu perjanjian pembagian keuntungan. Bentuk ini menegaskan kerjasama dengan sumbangan seratus persen modal dari shahibul maal dan pengusaha kepada mudharib. Bank SUMUT Syariah di Kota Medan yang telah memiliki fasilitas mudharabah, justru lebih menjalankan transaksi akad pembiayaan yang lazim. Mereka terkesan tidak secara serius untuk menerapkan akad pembiayaan secara mudharabah kepada para pedagang kecil dan menengah (UKM. Masyarakat yang ingin mendapatkan fasilitas pembiayaan mudharabah menjadi kecewa. Tulisan ini akan membahas mengenai persoalan-persoalan pelaksanaan akad pembiayaan mudharabah di bank SUMUT Syariah di Kota Medan. Hasil yang dicapai dari kajian ini adalah untuk menganalisis penerapan sistem mudharabah di bank SUMUT Syariah di Kota Medan sehingga diharapkan dapat menguatkan UKM dalam penyediaan modal usaha dan penyempurnaan pembuatan akta pembiayaan mudharabah yang lebih berpihak kepada mudharib.

  2. ALUN-ALUN DAN REVITALISASI IDENTITAS KOTA TUBAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Hartono

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Alun-alun (town square is the identity of Tuban in the past. From the existence of the square and the surrounding buildings, we can observe again the history of the old town. The influences of ancient Javanese Hinduist kingdoms (the square, the Kabupaten office, Asian trading network (the temples and Chinatown, other Asian commercial networks with the emergence of Islam (the mosque and the tomb of Sunan Bonang, and the colonial bureaucracy (judicial office, prison, post office etc have become the evidence of this town's history. As one of the old harbour towns in the northern coastline of Java, Tuban has experienced ups and downs. In the fifteenth century, this town was one of the most important ports of Majapahit kingdom. However, in the seventeenth century, this town was deteriorated due to the sluggish river and the invasian of Mataram kingdom. During the colonial period, Tuban was a small insignificant county town. However, the town square still existed (has become the largest town square in Java as the remnant of its time in the old history. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, this town has attempted to regain the height of its time by restructuring the surrounding of alun-alun to be the centre and identity of the town. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Alun-alun merupakan identitas kota Tuban dimasa lampau. Dari kehadiran alun-alun serta bangunan yang ada disekitarnya, kita bisa melihat kembali sejarah masa lalu kotanya. Pengaruh kerajaan kuno Hindu Jawa (alun-alun, kantor Kabupaten, pengaruh jaringan perdagangan Asia (kelenteng dan Pecinan, pengaruh jaringan perdagangan Asia lainnya dengan masuknya agama Islam (mesjid dan makam Sunan Bonang, serta pengaruh birokrasi kolonial (kantor pengadilan, penjara, kantor pos dsb.nya, semuanya merupakan bukti perjalanan sejarah kotanya dimasa lampau. Sebagai sebuah kota pelabuhan kuno di pesisir Utara Jawa, Tuban pernah mengalami pasang surut. Pada abad ke 15, kota ini pernah menjadi salah

  3. Sludge recovery apparatus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marmo, A.R.

    1979-01-01

    An improved design of a sludge recovery apparatus used in the fabrication of nuclear fuel is described. This apparatus provides for automatic separation of sludge from the grinder coolant, drying of the sludge into a flowable powder and transfer of the dry powder to a salvage container. It can be constructed to comply with criticality-safe-geometry requirements and to obviate need for operating personnel in its immediate vicinity. (UK)

  4. AKOMODASI KOMUNIKASI ANTARBUDAYA IMIGRAN ILEGAL ASAL AFGANISTAN DENGAN MASYARAKAT KOTA PEKANBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nova Yohana

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKKota Pekanbaru merupakan salah satu kota yang banyak didatangi oleh imigran dengan alasan mencari suaka. Imigran asal Afghanistan merupakan pencari suaka yang terbanyak menghuni RumahDetensi Kota Pekanbaru. Selama berada di Kota Pekanbaru mengakibatkan imigran pencari suaka asal Afganistan ini tidak bisa menghindari kontak antarbudaya, sehingga penyesuaian atau adaptasikomunikasi antarbudaya terjadi karena latar belakang budaya yang berbeda. Salah satu cara dalamberkomunikasi antar budaya untuk mencapai mutual understanding dinamakan dengan akomodasikomunikasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui proses konvergensi dan divergensi dalamakomodasi komunikasi antarbudaya yang dihadapi imigran gelap asal afganistan dengan masyarakatpribumi selama di Kota Pekanbaru. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Teori AkomodasiKomunikasi dari Howard Giles. Analisis dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptifdari hasil wawancara dan pengamatan di lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanyamotivasi konvergensi yang dilakukan imigran asal afganistan untuk mengadaptasikan perilaku verbaldan nonverbal ketika berinteraksi dengan masyarakat pribumi Kota Pekanbaru meskipun merekamemiliki kecenderungan divergensi dalam akomodasi komunikasi antarbudaya dengan masyarakatpribumi Kota Pekanbaru.

  5. Konflik dan Kontestasi Penataan Ruang Kota Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Aminah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Artikel ini merangkum dua hal. Pertama, permasalahan praktik penataan ruang di perkotaan, khususnya di Surabaya, yang telah menimbulkan kontestasi dan konflik dengan melibatkan aktor pemerintah, masyarakat, dan kekuatan kapitalis/investor. Kedua, kerangka penataan ruang yang menggunakan Perda RTRW No. 3 Tahun 2007 telah menimbulkan dampak yang berujung pada penguatan dan keberpihakan pemerintah kota kepada pihak kapitalis/investor. Kedua hal tersebut dianalisis dengan menggunakan pendekatan sosio-spasial. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan analisis deskriptif. Problematika praktik tata ruang yang ada di Surabaya merupakan indikasi dari transformasi dalam proses penataan ruang di mana ruang bukan hanya diproduksi dan direproduksi untuk kepentingan klas kapitalis, melainkan juga ruang direstrukturisasi dengan cara mengubah fungsi ruang dan diperuntukkan untuk publik. Hal ini relevan dengan perkembangan kajian penataan ruang mutakhir yang menunjukkan bahwa praktik penataan ruang di perkotaan merupakan refleksi dari kondisi sosial, ekonomi, dan politik. Selain itu, ruang diproduksi dalam modus produksi kapitalis dan ekspresi ruang kota merupakan dialektika antara produksi, konsumsi, dan administrasi (perencanaan dan implementasi kebijakan.  Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 This article summarizes two hypotheses. Firstly, the practices problem of spatial planning in urban areas, especially in Surabaya City, has led to the contestation and conflict among governmental actors, the public, and the power of capitalist/investor. Secondly, the use of spatial planning framework, in this case is the use of Local Regulation on Urban Planning and Land Use Number 3 year of 2007, has shown the partiality and strengthening investor by the government. These hypotheses are analyzed by using socio spatial approach. The

  6. Dampak belanja irigasi dan jaringan terhadap output PDRB sektor pertanian dan pertumbuhan ekonomi Kota Jambi

    OpenAIRE

    Aminah, Siti; Parmadi, Parmadi

    2018-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perkembangan Belanja irigasi dan jaringan serta perkembangan output GDP sektor pertanian Kota Jambi selama periode tahun 2005-2015 dan menganalisis pengaruh belanja irigasi dan jaringan terhadap  GDP Output sektor pertanian dan pertumbuhan ekonomi Kota Jambi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Selama periode penelitian tahun 2005-2015 dengan rata-rata pertumbuhan 61,98%, nilai rata-rata PDRB harga berlaku Kota Jambi sebesar 157.601,68 dalam juta rupi...

  7. DISFEMIA DALAM BERITA UTAMA SURAT KABAR POS KOTA DAN RADAR BOGOR

    OpenAIRE

    Pratiwi, Kania; Ridwan, Sakura; Rahmawati, Aulia

    2016-01-01

    Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan memahami secara mendalam penggunaan bentuk dan nilai rasa disfemia pada berita utama surat kabar Pos Kota dan Radar Bogor. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan teknik analisis isi. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh dari surat kabar Pos Kota dan Radar Bogor ditemukan 245 data. Sebanyak 155 data atau 63,26% ditemukan pada surat kabar Pos Kota dan 90 data atau 36,73% ditemukan pada surat kabar Radar Bogor. Disfemia ...

  8. ANALISIS FAKTOR- FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP REALISASI PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH (STUDI KASUS DI KOTA MAGELANG PERIODE TAHUN 2001-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Priyono, Nuwun

    2016-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor- faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) Kota Magelang Periode Tahun 2001-2010. Penelitian berlokasi di Kota Magelang Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Data yang dipakai adalah data sekunder, yang diperoleh melalui website Direktorat jenderal perimbangan keuangan dan Kantor Litbang Kota Magelang, serta datang langsung ke Kantor Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Magelang.Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kausalitas dibant...

  9. Pengelolaan Limbah Medis Padat Puskesmas Se-Kota Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emy Leonita

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Jumlah limbah medis yang bersumber dari fasilitas kesehatan diperkirakan semakin lama semakin meningkat. Berdasarkan Profil Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2008, jumlah puskesmas mencapai 8.548 unit. Pengelolaan limbah medis yang berasal dari rumah sakit, puskesmas, balai pengobatan maupun laboratorium medis di Indonesia masih dibawah standar profesional. Di kota Pekanbaru tidak memiliki data yang akurat tentang pengelolaan limbah medis di puskesmas, maka dari itu dianggap perlu dilakukan penelitian terkait untuk melihat sejauh mana pengelolaan limbah medis padat puskesmas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengelolaan limbah medis padat di Puskesmas se-Kota Pekanbaru. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif, penelitian ini dilakukan di 20 puskesmas yang ada di Pekanbaru. Jumlah  Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah 21 orang yang terdiri dari 20 pemegang program kesehatan lingkungan masing-masing puskesmas dan 1 orang pemegang program sanitasi lingkungan di Dinas Kesehatan Kota. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan lembar observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa puskesmas se kota Pekanbaru telah melakukan pengelolaan sampah padat mulai dari pemilahan, pengumpulan, penampungan, pengangkutan, namun pada tahap pemusnahan masih kurang maksimal. Kendala yang dihadapi adalah dana operasional dan tenaga maintenance yang tidak ada serta mesin insinerator yang tidak berfungsi dengan baik. 

  10. K basins sludge removal sludge pretreatment system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, H.L.

    1997-01-01

    The Spent Nuclear Fuels Program is in the process of planning activities to remove spent nuclear fuel and other materials from the 100-K Basins as a remediation effort for clean closure. The 105 K- East and K-West Basins store spent fuel, sludge, and debris. Sludge has accumulated in the 1 00 K Basins as a result of fuel oxidation and a slight amount of general debris being deposited, by settling, in the basin water. The ultimate intent in removing the sludge and fuel is to eliminate the environmental risk posed by storing fuel at the K Basins. The task for this project is to disposition specific constituents of sludge (metallic fuel) to produce a product stream through a pretreatment process that will meet the requirements, including a final particle size acceptable to the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The purpose of this task is to develop a preconceptual design package for the K Basin sludge pretreatment system. The process equipment/system is at a preconceptual stage, as shown in sketch ES-SNF-01 , while a more refined process system and material/energy balances are ongoing (all sketches are shown in Appendix C). Thus, the overall process and 0535 associated equipment have been conservatively selected and sized, respectively, to establish the cost basis and equipment layout as shown in sketches ES- SNF-02 through 08

  11. Aplikasi Panduan Wisata Kota Kudus Menggunakan Perangkat Bergerak Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Hasyim Maghfuri

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Interesting tourist sites is the reason for people to visit. Traveled as an option for people to fill holiday time to gather with familiy and friends. Because of lack information about tourist sites in Kudus city known by the public, assistance is needed to facilitate to search for the location. Travel guide Kudus city-Based applications Android Locator is the ultimate solution in search of tourist sites in the Kudus city. The purpose of making this application is to develop a search guidance system location based android that features a tourist guide. Kudus City Travel Guide-Based applications Android Locator is a client server based applications created using the Java programming language and the Eclipse software using MySQL database. Stages of development software used is SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle by using the method waterfall, as modeling software used is UML (Unified Modelling Language. Steps in this research is software requirement analysis, design, coding, testing and maintenance. Functional testing using a method of black box. The result of this research that the Kudus City Application Tourist Sites Guide Using Android-Based Mobile Devices used for guidance in traveling in the Kudus city. Function menus and buttons is going according to their respective functions. Kudus city travel guide app can now be used as a medium for guidance in finding tourist sites.   Objek wisata yang menarik adalah salah satu alasan orang untuk berkunjung. Berwisata menjadi pilihan untuk masyarakat mengisi waktu liburan dengan berkumpul bersama keluarga maupun teman. Karena sedikitnya informasi lokasi objek wisata kota Kudus yang diketahui oleh masyarakat, diperlukan bantuan untuk mempermudah dalam pencarian lokasi tersebut. Aplikasi Panduan Wisata Kota Kudus Menggunakan Perangkat Bergerak Berbasis Android adalah solusi utama dalam pencarian lokasi objek wisata di kota Kudus. Tujuan pembuatan aplikasi ini adalah mengembangkan suatu sistem pemandu

  12. Respirometry in activated sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spanjers, H.

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of the study was (1) to develop a respiration meter capable of continuously measuring, using different procedures, the oxygen uptake rate of activated sludge and (2) to expand knowledge about respiration related characteristics of wastewater and activated sludge.

    A

  13. Carbon-14 in sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fowler, J.R.; Coleman, C.J.

    1983-01-01

    The level of C-14 in high-level waste is needed to establish the amount of C-14 that will be released to the environment either as off-gas from the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) or as a component of saltstone. Available experimental data confirmed a low level of C-14 in soluble waste, but no data was available for sludge. Based on the processes used in each area, Purex LAW sludge in F-area and HM HAW sludge in H-area will contain the bulk of any sludge produced by the cladding. Accordingly, samples from Tank 8F containing Purex LAW and Tank 15H containing HM HAW were obtained and analyzed for C-14. These two waste types constitute approximately 70% of the total sludge inventory now stored in the waste tanks. Results from analyses of these two sludge types show: the total C-14 inventory in sludge now stored in the waste tanks is 6.8 Ci; C-14 releases to the atmosphere from the DWPF will average approximately 0.6 Ci annually at the projected sludge processing rate in the DWPF. 4 references, 2 tables

  14. PEMANFAATAN BANGUNAN BERSEJARAH SEBAGAI WISATA WARISAN BUDAYA DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafika Hayati

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Colonial period in Indonesia bequeathed a number of buildings such as schools, bank and offices. The buildings have nuance of Dutch architecture, therefore becoming cultural heritages and tourist attractions. The Aim of this research is to find out the historical buildings utilization in Makassar city, South Sulawesi Province, however in this research selected three bulidings which developed as heritage tourism, namely Fort Rotterdam, Museum Kota dan Gedung Kesenian Makassar. The three historical buildings selected as research location because of the physical potency is building architecture which completed with non physical potency is historical and cultural value. This research applied tourist attraction management, tourism area life cycle by Butler and tourism marketing theory to find out evolution life cycle of each buildings then arrange the effective strategy to develop Fort Rotterdam, Museum Kota and Gedung Kesenian as heritage tourism in Makassar city. The article argues that the utilization of Fort Rotterdam as a tourist attraction is classified into development phase. Fort Rotterdam has been renovated several times by developing La Galigo Museum inside to increase the attractiveness. Local government has also a lot of promotions. Museum Kota and Gedung Kesenian Makassar are classified into exploration phase since the two historical buildings need physical improvement, structuring showroom and facilities to handle collections of Museum Kota and the assurance of building management and maintenance of Gedung Kesenian. Based on the result of the research Fort Rotterdam, Museum Kota dan Gedung Kesenian Makassar do not only have physical potency of building and historical value but also to become interesting tourist attraction which need improvement by maintaining architecture identity as much as possible, providing supporting facilities needed by tourists and increasing promotion by local government.

  15. Activated sludge model No. 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gujer, W.; Henze, M.; Mino, T.

    1999-01-01

    The Activated Sludge Model No. 3 (ASM3) can predict oxygen consumption, sludge production, nitrification and denitrification of activated sludge systems. It relates to the Activated Sludge Model No. 1 (ASM1) and corrects for some defects of ASM I. In addition to ASM1, ASM3 includes storage of org...

  16. Sludge minimization technologies - an overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oedegaard, Hallvard

    2003-07-01

    The management of wastewater sludge from wastewater treatment plants represents one of the major challenges in wastewater treatment today. The cost of the sludge treatment amounts to more that the cost of the liquid in many cases. Therefore the focus on and interest in sludge minimization is steadily increasing. In the paper an overview is given for sludge minimization (sludge mass reduction) options. It is demonstrated that sludge minimization may be a result of reduced production of sludge and/or disintegration processes that may take place both in the wastewater treatment stage and in the sludge stage. Various sludge disintegration technologies for sludge minimization are discussed, including mechanical methods (focusing on stirred ball-mill, high-pressure homogenizer, ultrasonic disintegrator), chemical methods (focusing on the use of ozone), physical methods (focusing on thermal and thermal/chemical hydrolysis) and biological methods (focusing on enzymatic processes). (author)

  17. Dewatering of sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bode, P.

    1984-01-01

    A filter rig has been designed and built. Simulated magnox and alumino ferric hydroxide sludges have been successfully filtered on this equipment and both types of sludge produced a clear filtrate and a cake. The flow rates were low. The cake often partially remained adhered to the filter membrane instead of dropping clear during the filter cleaning cycle. This filtration technique can only be used on sludges which form a non-binding cake. Permeability of the membrane can be altered by stretching. Irradiation of the membrane showed that it should withstand 20 to 50 M.rads. (author)

  18. Kinerja Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raina Damarsari

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 menganalisis peringkat kinerja pembangunan antar kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi, dan (2 mengkategorikan kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi berdasarkan kinerja pembangunan ekonomi, sumber daya manusia, dan infrastruktur. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder dari 2009-2012 dari Badan Pusat Statistik, terdiri dari delapan indikator untuk menilai kinerja pembangunan ekonomi, lima indikator untuk menilai kinerja pembangunan sumber daya manusia, dan delapan indikator untuk menilai kinerja pembangunan infrastruktur. Metode analisis untuk mencapai tujuan pertama adalah analisis komponen utama (PCA dan analisis faktor serta untuk tujuan ketiga adalah analisis kluster. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 Kota Jambi menempati peringkat pertama dalam kinerja pembangunan secara keseluruhan, diikuti oleh dari Tanjab Barat dan Kabupaten Batang Hari, (2 Empat kelompok kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi terbentuk berdasarkan kinerja pembangunan, yaitu: cluster I (Kerinci, Merangin, dan Tebo memiliki kinerja yang pembangunan daerah paling rendah, klaster II (Tanjab Timur memiliki kinerja pembangunan di atas rata-rata, klaster III (Sarolangun, Batang Hari, Muaro Jambi, Tanjab Barat, Bungo Kabupaten, dan Kota Sungai Penuh memiliki kinerja pembangunan rata-rata (menengah, dan kelompok IV ( Kota Jambi memiliki kinerja pembangunan paling tinggi. Kata kunci : Analisis Faktor, Analisis Klaster, Pembangunan Ekonomi, Sumberdaya Manusia, Infrastruktur.   Abstract This study aims (1 to analyze the performances among regencies/ cities in Jambi Province, and (2 to categorize the regencies/ cities in Jambi Province based on economic, human resources, and infrastructure development performances. Datas used in this study are secondary data of 2009-2012 from Statistics Indonesia, consists of eight component indicators to assess the performance of economic development, the five component indicators to assess the

  19. Sewage sludges disinfection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alexandre, D.; Gevaudan, P.P.

    1977-01-01

    There is a hygienic risk in using biological sewage sludges for agriculture. Systematic analyses carried out on sludge samples obtained from purification plants in the Eastern and Southern part of France, show the almost uniform presence of pathogenic microorganisms. Some of them survive more than nine months after application to the soil. Conventional processes for disinfection, liming and heat, make the sludge unsuitable for agricultural use. On the other hand, irradiation involves no modification of structure and composition of sludges. Radiation doses required for disinfection vary according to the type of microorganism. Some of them are eliminated at rather low doses (200 krad), but mycobacteria, viruses and eggs of worms resist to more important doses. The security dose is estimated to be approx. 1000 krad

  20. Jejak Kuasa Atas Tata Ruang (Studi Kasus Kebijakan Revitalisasi Hutan Kota Malabar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.B. Habibi Subandi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Problem revitalisasi hutan kota dan upaya penyediaan Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH oleh Pemerintah di wilayah perkotaan pada dasarnya merupakan satu kajian baru di bidang politik lingkungan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini secara khusus mengkaji kebijakan revitalisasi Hutan Kota Malabar di Kota Malang dengan pisau analisis anthroposentrisme dan ekosentrisme. Dengan menggunakan metode focus group discussion (FGD dan dokumentasi, penulis melacak jejak kuasa dalam kebijakan lingkungan di wilayah-wilayah perkotaan. Berdasarkan analisis fakta di lapangan ditemukan sebuah trade-off kepentingan dalam skema kebijakan revitalisasi hutan kota Malabar tahun 2015. Penggunaan dana Tanggung Jawab Sosial Lingkungan (TJSL dengan skema build-transfer-operate (BTO dalam revitalisasi hutan menunjukkan terjadinya penetrasi modal di balik inisiatif penyediaan RTH yang melibatkan pihak swasta di Kota Malang. Di satu sisi, kebijakan ini dapat mempermudah pemerintah dalam pembangunan RTH. Namun di sisi lain kebijakan ini dapat merugikan anggaran pemerintah yang hanya berfungsi sebagai operator RTH.

  1. KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAN EKONOMI PEMERINTAH KOLONIAL BELANDA YANG BERPENGARUH PADA MORPOLOGI BENTUK DAN STRUKTUR BEBERAPA KOTA DI JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Political, economic and security situation after the end of War of Java (1825 - 1830 greatly influenced the morphology (shape and structure of towns in Java. The overruling power, which grew stronger and stronger on the remote towns after the war, had caused the colonial government to appoint Bandung with a garrison in Cimahi as the 'garrison town' for the hinterland of West Java, Magelang for Central Java, and Malang for East Java. Economically, the political decision to run 'Cultuurstelsel' (Enforced Cultivation, 1830 - 1870, and the published 'Law of Land Ownership' (1870 had caused the occurrence of 'central cities of production, distribution and trade' in several regions in Java. Besides this, the increase of prosperity level due to economic development especially at the beginning of the 20th century has created resort towns in the mountainous areas in West Java, Central Java and East Java. Traces of the formation process of these towns are still visible up to now. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Situasi politik, ekonomi dan keamanan sesudah selesainya Perang Jawa (1825-1830 , berpengaruh sangat besar terhadap morpologi (bentuk dan struktur kota-kota di P. Jawa. Cengkeraman kekuasaan yang makin kuat terhadap kota-kota pedalaman sesudah Perang Jawa mengakibatkan pemerintah kolonial menentukan kota Bandung dengan garnizun di Cimahi sebagai 'kota garnizun' untuk pedalaman Jawa Barat, Magelang untuk pedalaman Jawa Tengah dan Malang untuk pedalaman Jawa Timur. Sedangkan dalam bidang ekonomi keputusan politik untuk menjalankan sistim Tanam Paksa (Cultuurstelsel, th. 1830-1870, serta dikeluarkannya 'undang-undang agraria' (th.1870 mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota sentra produksi, distribusi dan perdagangan' di berbagai tempat di Jawa. Sedangkan naiknya tingkat kemakmuran akibat kemajuan ekonomi terutama pada awal abad ke 20, mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota peristirahatan' di daerah pegunungan di Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah maupun Jawa Timur. Jejak

  2. Sludge technology assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krause, T.R.; Cunnane, J.C.; Helt, J.E.

    1994-12-01

    The retrieval, processing, and generation of final waste forms from radioactive tank waste sludges present some of the most challenging technical problems confronting scientists and engineers responsible for the waste management programs at the various Department of Energy laboratories and production facilities. Currently, the Department of Energy is developing a strategy to retrieve, process, and generate a final waste form for the sludge that meets the acceptance criteria for the final disposition. An integral part of this strategy will be use of separation processes that treat the sludge; the goal is to meet feed criteria for the various processes that will generate the final waste form, such as vitrification or grouting. This document is intended to (1) identify separation technologies which are being considered for sludge treatment at various DOE sites, (2) define the current state of sludge treatment technology, (3) identify what research and development is required, (4) identify current research programs within either DOE or academia developing sludge treatment technology, and (5) identify commercial separation technologies which may be applicable. Due to the limited scope of this document, technical evaluations regarding the need for a particular separations technology, the current state of development, or the research required for implementation, are not provided

  3. PEMANFAATAN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS BERBASIS WEB UNTUK PEMETAAN LOKASI PASAR DAN PUSAT PERBELANJAAN DI KOTA SOLO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murinto

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Kota Solo merupakan salah satu kota terbesar di Jawa Tengah selain kota Semarang yang dijadikan sebagai ibukota propinsi. Dalam hal perekonomian kota Solo memiliki peranan penting terutama dalam bidang industri dan perdagangan. Sebagai penunjang perekonomian di bidang industri dan perdagangan, di kota Solo terdapat pasar (pasar tradisional dan pasar modern (pusat perbelanjaan. Pasar – pasar tersebut dikelola oleh Dinas Pasar yang merupakan instansi pemerintahan yang ada di kota Solo. Pasar – pasar tersebut banyak tersebar di beberapa kecamatan di kota Solo. Karena banyaknya pasar yang tersebar di wilayah kecamatan yang ada di kota Solo maka dinas pasar khususnya dan masyarakat umumnya tidak dapat secara pasti mendapatkan informasi tentang keberadaan lokasi dan fasilitas – fasilitas yang ada di pasar seperti barang yang dijual, dan jumlah kios. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membuat Sistem Informasi Geografis berbasis web untuk mengetahui lokasi pasar tradisional dan pasar modern (pusat perbelanjaan, barang yang dijual, dan jumlah kios. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pengumpulan data dengan cara observasi, dokumentasi, wawancara dan pencarian di Internet. Metode yang dilakukan dalam merancang sistem informasi geografis pasar tradisional dan pasar modern (pusat perbelanjaan di kota Solo berbasis web adalah dengan menganalisa kebutuhan sistem, merancang sistem, melakukan digitasi peta dengan perangkat lunak ArcView 3.3, mengimplementasikan program dengan PHP dan MySQL, dan menguji program. Untuk melakukan evaluasi terhadap aplikasi ini dilakukan dengan metode black box test dan alpha test. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah sebuah aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis untuk Pemetaan Lokasi Pasar Tradisional dan Pasar Modern (Pusat Perbelanjaan di Kota Solo Berbasis Web yang dapat digunakan dinas pasar dan masyarakat untuk mengetahui lokasi pasar, barang yang dijual dipasar, dan jumlah kios.

  4. LINGKUNGAN "PECINAN" DALAM TATA RUANG KOTA DI JAWA PADA MASA KOLONIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Pecinan (Chinese Camp area is never absent in the town of Java. Although the specific characteristics of this mileu is not so strong any more at the present as it was in the past, its presency in diverse smaller towns in Java is still felt as something different. The specific atmosphere of the area, centered on the klenteng as the place of workship, its social environment, included the specific style of house construction, are easy to be recognized. In some world cities like San Fransisco and Manila, the socalled China Towns are just stimulated for its existence. It is even so far, that theyare recomended as tourist destination objects. During the rule of the New Order (1965-1998, Pecinan in the towns in Indonesia are systimatically abolished, because of sicio political considerations. This paper tries to trace back the history of those Chinese Camps in the older towns of Java, to have a certain picture of its existence in the past. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Lingkungan "Pecinan" selalu ada di hampir semua kota-kota di Jawa. Meskipun sekarang lingkungan ini sudah semakin kabur, tapi di beberapa kota kecil di Jawa bekas kehadirannya masih sangat terasa sekali. Atmosfir lingkungannya yang khas, diperkuat dengan kehadiran kelenteng sebagai pusat ibadah dan sosial, serta bentuk-bentuk bangunan yang khas pula sangat mudah untuk ditengarai. Di beberapa kota di dunia seperti San Fransisco, Manila dan sebagainya daerah Pecinan ini justru di perkuat kehadirannya. Bahkan daerah tersebut bisa dijadikan sebagai daerah tujuan wisata kota. Selama Orde baru, karena alasan sosial dan politik, kehadiran Pecinan di kota-kota Indonesia, mulai dihapuskan. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk menelusuri sejarah kehadiran daerah "Pecinan" pada kota-kota di Jawa pada masa lampau. Kata kunci : Kota di Jawa jaman kolonial, Pecinan.

  5. KAJIAN ALIH FUNGSI RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU DI KOTA DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nengah Riana

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Denpasar city is both the capital as well as the major growth center in Bali. This growth however has caused problems for open space provision. Green open space in urban areas is a necessary part of spatial planning in order to maintain water catchment areas to improve urban environmental compatibility, creation of an urban environment that is safe, comfortable, fresh, beautiful and healthy, and to provide a balance between the natural environment, the built environment and the public realm. The transformation of open space to urban uses in cities is ubiquitous and impacts on spatial planning. This study aims to determine the extent of land conversion in Denpasar and the reasons for such change. Quantitative analysis is used to focus on the form of land use change and the logic behind it. The study concentrates on open space conversion. Data was collected by observation, questionnaires and interview. The final results of this research will hopefully enrich the field of regional development and urban spatial planning, and provide a useful stimulus in the forward planning of Denpasar. Preliminary results suggest that land conversion predominantly serves residential land use (94.12%. Dominant factors that affect its transfer are due to its strategic location (69.50% and blocked irrigation channels (30.1%. The analysis demonstrates that many open green spaces are located in strategic areas with a complete infrastructure that supports land conversion but are located beside irrigation channels than cannot function optimally. Keywords: land conversion, green open space, urban open space  Abstrak Denpasar merupakan ibu kota Provinsi dan pusat pertumbuhan di Bali. Pesatnya pertumbuhan kota memunculkan permasalahan terkait pengadaan ruang terbuka hijau. Ruang terbuka hijau pada kawasan perkotaan merupakan bagian dari penataan ruang kota dengan tujuan menjaga ketersediaan lahan, sebagai kawasan resapan air, menjaga keseimbangan antara lingkungan

  6. Seismic re-evaluation of Heavy Water Plant, Kota

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parulekar, Y.M.; Reddy, G.R.; Vaze, K.K.; Kushwaha, H.S.

    2003-10-01

    This report deals with seismic re-evaluation of Heavy Water Plant, Kota. Heavy Water Plant, Kota handles considerable amount of H 2 S gas, which is very toxic. During the original design stage as per IS 1893-1966 seismic coefficient for zone-I was zero. Therefore earthquake and its effects were not considered while designing the heavy water plant structures. However as per IS 1893 (1984) the seismic coefficient for zone-I is 0.01 g. Hence seismic re-evaluation of various structures of the heavy water plant is carried out. Analysis of the heavy water plant structures was carried out for self weight, equipment load and earthquake load. Pressure loading was also considered in case of H 2 S storage tanks. Soil structure interaction effect was considered in the analysis. The combined stresses in the structures due to earthquake and dead load were checked with the allowable stresses. (author)

  7. Evaluasi Pemanfaatan Wireless Internet Protocol Access System di Kota Malang

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    Ahmad Budi Setiawan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available WIPAS (Wireless Internet Protocol Accsess System adalah salah satu teknologi pita lebar (broadband yang terbaru. Teknologi tersebut dikembangkan berdasarkan model point-to-multipoint access system pada jaringan nirkabel tetap atau Fixed Wireless Access (FWA dengan memanfaatkan pita frekuensi 26-GHz. Dengan besarnya pita frekuensi yang digunakan, teknologi WIPAS dapat menampung kapasitas akses untuk lalu lintas jaringan yang sangat besar. Dalam penelitian ini akan dikaji dan dievaluasi efektifitas penggunaan teknologi WIPAS melalui kasus pemanfaatan teknologi WIPAS untuk pemberdayaan komunitas di kota Malang. Dalam penelitian ini juga akan dideskripsikan pemanfaatan teknologi WIPAS untuk melihat manfaat penggunaan teknologi tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode kualitatif dengan melakukan evaluasi terhadap infrastruktur yang telah dibangun untuk melihat efektifitas pemanfaatan WIPAS. Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebuah kajian evaluatif tentang pemanfaatan WIPAS di kota Malang dan rekomendasi untuk implementasi lebih lanjut.

  8. Preservasi, Konservasi dan Renovasi Kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Setiawan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available “Great nation is a nation who’s always appreciates their own history,” that was a statement from Bung Karno. This paper is trying to lift a heritage district in Kota Tua Jakarta. A legacy that full of arts, cultures, stories, romance and tragedy that happened, and how the origin of the city formed. It’s very unfortunate if you see the condition right now. When all of the nations soo proud of their culture and history, everyone is competing to maintain and conserve their heritage and run the management very well. What happened with our heritage? Nowadays, Kota Tua district has been revitalized, but sadly, the process didn’t maintained well. So the results looks neglected and not in the good shape. 

  9. MODEL EPIDEMIK PADA PENYEBARAN PENYAKIT CAMPAK DI KOTA MAKASSAR

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    Syafruddin Side

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini membahas model matematika untuk penyebaran penyakit campak. Model matematika yang digunakan  berupa model MSEIR dengan memperhatikan laju kelahiran tidak sama dengan laju kematian. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menentukan model matematika epidemik MSEIR yang kemudian diterapkan terhadap penyebaran penyakit campak di kota Makassar pada tahun 2013 yang diperoleh langsung dari Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Pembahasan dimulai dari penentuan model MSEIR, titik equilibrium, stabilitas, bilangan reproduksi dasar  dan kemudian dilakukan analisis data menggunakan program MATLAB 2013 yang bertuuan untuk mengolah data yang diperoleh. Dalam penelitian ini diperoleh dua titik equilibrium dengan nilai bilangan reproduksi dasar  = 0,00001104, ini menunjukkan bahwa penyakit campak di kota Makassar akan menurun bahkan menghilang dalam kurun waktu 10 bulan kedepan.

  10. Sludge Stabilization Campaign blend plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Vries, M.L.

    1994-01-01

    This sludge stabilization blend plan documents the material to be processed and the order of processing for the FY95 Sludge Stabilization Campaign. The primary mission of this process is to reduce the inventory of unstable plutonium bearing sludge. The source of the sludge is residual and glovebox floor sweepings from the production of material at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). The reactive sludge is currently being stored in various gloveboxes at PFP. There are two types of the plutonium bearing material that will be thermally stabilized in the muffle furnace: Plutonium Reclamation Facility (PRF) sludge and Remote Mechanical C (RMC) Line material

  11. Test plan, sludge retrieval, sludge packaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feigenbutz, L.V.

    1994-01-01

    This document provides direction for the cold testing of tools, equipment and systems which will be installed and operated in K-East (KE) Basin in support of the sludge retrieval and packaging project. The technical uncertainties related to the effectiveness of sludge retrieval procedures and equipment require that cold testing be completed before installation in KE Basin to identify and resolve existing problems, and to optimize the efficiency of all equipment and systems used. This plan establishes the responsibilities, test requirements, and documentation requirements necessary to complete cold tests of: (1) equipment with no potential for plant use; (2) prototype equipment and systems which may be upgraded for use in K-Basin; and (3) plant equipment and systems requiring cold acceptance testing prior to plant use. Some equipment and systems may have been subject to a formal design review and safety assessment; the results of which will be included as supporting documents to the operational readiness review (ORR)

  12. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Lokasi Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar di Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudhi Hartadi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Lembaga bimbingan belajar (Bimbel merupakan sebuah lembaga non formal yang melayani pendidikan siswa yang dilakukan di luar jam sekolah. Saat ini, bimbel telah menjadi suatu kebutuhan pagi para siswa, khususnya siswa yang akan melanjutkan studinya ke perguruan tinggi. Di Kota Padang terdapat  lebih dari 50 lembaga bimbel untuk tingkat SMA  yang tersebar di sejumlah kecamatan.  Banyaknya lembaga bimbel yang ada secara tidak langsung mengakibatkan masyarakat kesulitan untuk mendapatkan informasi lokasi lembaga bimbel tersebut, khususnya bagi para pendatang baru. Untuk itu, perlu dibangun Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG lokasi lembaga bimbel di Kota Padang berbasis web. SIG ini dibangun dengan menggunakan metode waterfall. Pembangunan SIG ini diawali dengan melakukan analisis kebutuhan, perancangan sistem, serta implementasi dan pengujian sistem. Analisis kebutuhan dilakukan untuk mengumpulkan data-data yang diperlukan dalam membangun sistem. Perancangan sistem meliputi perancangan arsitektur, basis data, dan perancangan user interface. Implementasi sistem menggunakan basis data PostgreSQL dengan ekstensi PostGIS, serta bahasa pemrograman PHP dan Javascript. Pengujian sistem dilakukan dengan metode black-box yang berfokus pada fungsional sistem. Hasil dari pengujian yang dilakukan menunjukkan bahwa SIG lokasi lembaga bimbel di Kota Padang berbasis web telah sesuai dengan kebutuhan fungsional sistem.

  13. Perubahan Daya Dukung Lingkungan di Wilayah Pinggiran Kota (Kasus : Kecamatan Kecamatan yang Berbatasan dengan Kota Yogyakarta, Tahun 1990–2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joni Purwo Handoyo

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Salah satu dampak perkembangan wilayah pinggiran kota adalah terjadinya perubahan daya dukung lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui besaran, persebaran dan pola sebaran perubahan daya dukung lingkungan serta mengkaji keterkaitannya dengan perubahan tipology wilayah pinggiran kota. Penelitian ini dilakukan di 29 desa yang berada di 6 kecamatan yang berbatasan langsung dengan Kota Yogyakarta dengan unit analisis 'desa'. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kasus dengan karakteristik obyek penelitian yang bersifat survey analisis dan historis dengan penekanan pada pendekatan kronologis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan lahan terbangun paling pesat terjadi di Desa Tirtonirmolo dan Desa Ngestiharjo (>20%. Status daya dukung lingkungan di wilayah penelitian sebagian besar masih termasuk dalam katagori sustain. Laju penurunan paling cepat terjadi di Desa Maguwoharjo dan Desa Singosaren. Fenomena ini dipengaruhi oleh faktor peningkatan lahan terbangun yang sekaligus juga menjadi faktor pengaruh paling penting terhadap perubahan tipologi desa-desa pinggiran Kota Yogyakarta.   ABSTRACT  The one of regional development impact in urban fringe area is the change of environmental carrying capacity. This research aims to know about magnitude value, desperation and distribution patternsof the change ofenvironmental carrying capacity and also to examining that relation with the change of urban fringe regional topology. This research is conducted in 29 villages in 6 sub-districts that are directly adjacent to Yogyakarta city with the unit of analysis is ''village ''. This research categorized the case research with the characteristic of research object is analytical survey and historical method with the intens is chronological approach. The research shows that the most rapid built up land use development is in Tirtonirmolo and Ngestiharjo village (>20%. This research discovers that the status of most of environmental

  14. Some factors related to eradication action of dengue breeding place at Kota Timu village, subdistrict of Sukakarya in Kota Sabang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmayani, A., Raudhatun Nuzul Z.; Marniati

    2017-09-01

    According to the Health Department in Kota Sabang, there are 23 patients infected by dengue in 2014. They were nursed in General Hospital and Health Center in Sabang and one child died. To determine the factors related to eradication actions of dengue breeding place, this research is a quantitative research using descriptive analytic with cross sectional design. The population of this research was all housewives in the village of Kuta Timu, subdistrict of Sukakarya in Kota Sabang, and the sample was 33 people. This research was conducted in July 2016. Data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows version 16. The results showed that there is a correlation between education and mother's action in dengue breeding place in the village of Kuta Timu, subdistrict of Sukakarya in Kota Sabang with p value 0.028, and also a correlation between economic status with mother's action in dengue breeding place with p value of 0.009. however, there is no correlation between knowledge with mother's action in dengue breeding place with p value 1.000.

  15. Peranan Tanaman terhadap Pencemaran Udara di Jalan Protokol Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nana Kariada Tri Martuti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan jumlah kendaraan bermotor berpotensi meningkatkan pencemaran udara terutama di jalan-jalan protokol. Untuk mengurangi semakin tingginya bahan pencemar yang dihasilkan kendaraan bermotor, perlu adanya pohon-pohon yang berfungsi sebagai penyerap dan penjerap bahan pencemar dan debu di udara yang dihasilkan kendaraan bermotor. Tujuan penelitain ini adalah mengetahui peranan tanaman di jalan-jalan protokol Kota Semarang dilihat dari kualitas dan kuantitasnya. Data mengenai jenis tanaman peneduh yang ada di jalan protokol Kota Semarang dihitung dengan metode line intercept. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kualitas udara di Kota Semarang sudah cukup mengkhawatirkan, hal ini dipandang dari kadar CO yang relatif tinggi. Hasil penelitian terhadap jenis tanaman yang ada di jalan protokol Kota Semarang, dapat diketahui jenis tanaman yang ditanam di 5 jalan protokol Kota Semarang berjumlah 29 jenis. Jenis maupun jumlah tanaman yang ada pada masing-masing stasiun penelitian tidak berpengaruh positif terhadap kadar bahan pencemar udara yang ada. Simpulan dari penelitian ini ialah kualitas maupun kuantitas tanaman yang ada pada jalan-jalan protokol lokasi penelitian tidak berpengaruh positif terhadap kadar bahan pencemar udara yang ada. Hal ini dikarenakan jenis dan jumlah tanaman pada masing-masing jalan protokol tidak sesuai dengan tanaman peneduh yang mempunyai fungsi sebagai penjerap dan penyerap polutan udara.The increasing number of motor vehicles might potentially increase the air pollution in main roads. To reduce the increasing concentration of pollutants generated by motor vehicles, the trees are planted to absorb the pollutants and the dust in the air. The objective of the research was to understand the role of the plants along the main roads in Semarang City, from point of view of quality and quantity. Data on the kind and density of shedding plants along the main roads of Semarang City was collected using line intercept method

  16. Sludge pumping in water treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solar Manuel, M. A.

    2010-01-01

    In water treatment processes is frequent to separate residual solids, with sludge shape, and minimize its volume in a later management. the technologies to applicate include pumping across pipelines, even to long distance. In wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), the management of these sludges is very important because their characteristics affect load losses calculation. Pumping sludge can modify its behavior and pumping frequency can concern treatment process. This paper explains advantages and disadvantages of different pumps to realize transportation sludge operations. (Author) 11 refs.

  17. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SLUDGE DEWATERABILITY NUMBER ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A representative of a sludge sample collected from the same source was filtered under the same environmental condition and the result analysed with two different concepts. One method of analysis uses Sludge Dewaterability Number, while the second employed the Carman's Specific resistance concept in sludge ...

  18. Location Based Service sebagai Penunjuk Lokasi Hotel di Kota Semarang Berbasis Augmented Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indra Permana

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Semarang dikenal sebagai kota yang unik karena mempunyai destinasi wisata yang dipengaruhi oleh banyaknya etnis yang ada. Selain keunikan pariwisatanya, Kota Semarang juga dapat dipandang sebagai kota bisnis, terbukti dengan menjamurnya tempat usaha seperti restaurant, cafe dan yang paling pesat pertumbuhannya saat ini yaitu hotel. Belakangan ini pertumbuhan hotel di Semarang sudah kian pesat. Hal ini juga berpengaruh kepada para pendatang ataupun wisatawan yang singgah di Kota Semarang. Dari banyaknya jumlah hotel yang ada, bukan tidak mungkin jika para pendatang merasa bingung saat mencari hotel yang sesuai dengan keinginan mereka. Tentunya para pendatang memerlukan aplikasi yang dapat menampilkan lokasi dan informasi lengkap tentang hotel di Kota Semarang. Untuk dapat mewujudkan gagasan tersebut, maka dilakukan sejumlah metode penelitian antara lain studi literatur, mendefinisikan kebutuhan, pengumpulan data hotel pada Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kota Semarang, perancangan dan implementasi aplikasi, serta melakukan pengujian terhadap aplikasi kepada beberapa orang responden. Aplikasi dirancang dengan tujuan untuk memudahkan pengguna ketika hendak mencari hotel di Kota Semarang. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah sebuah channel “SMARTEL” (Semarang Augmented Reality Hotel Location pada aplikasi Junaio untuk mencari lokasi hotel di Kota Semarang. Basis Augmented Reality dipilih karena sifatnya yang real time saat menampilkan data atau informasi ,serta mempunyai tampilan visual yang interaktif. Channel akan menampilkan POI (Point of Interest atau dalam penelitian kali ini yaitu informasi lokasi hotel, yang didasarkan pada lokasi pengguna saat ini berada, atau dikenal dengan istilah LBS (Location Based Service. Dengan adanya channel ini, pengguna dapat lebih mempersingkat waktu dan lebih mudah dalam menemukan dan menuju ke lokasi hotel yang berada di Kota Semarang. Karena SMARTEL masih dalam bentuk channel, maka harapan untuk penelitian

  19. Sewage sludges disinfection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alexandre, D.

    1977-01-01

    There is an hygienic risk in using biological sewage sludges for agriculture. Systematic analysis carried out on sludges samples obtained from purification plants in East and South part of France, show the almost uniform presence of pathogenic microorganisms. Some of it survive more than 9 months after soil application. Conventional process for disinfection: liming and heat are not suitable for agricultural use. On the other hand, irradiation involves no modification in structure and composition of sludges. Radiation doses required for disinfection vary according to microorganisms. If some of them are eliminated with rather light doses (200 krad) mycobacteria, viruses and eggs of worms resist to more important doses. Security dose is estimated around 1000 krad

  20. KAJIAN JENIS POHON POTENSIAL UNTUK HUTAN KOTA DI BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleh Mulyana

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan dan perkembangan ekonomi di suatu perkotaan cenderung dapat meminimalkan ruang terbuka hijau (RTH yang berdampak terganggunya keseimbangan ekosistem seperti: perubahan suhu, polusi udara, pencemaran air, permukaan tanah menurun dan bahaya banjir. Upaya dalam mengurangi dampak negatif tersebut dapat dilakukan dengan cara pembangunan atau pengembangan hutan kota dengan memilih jenis pohon potensial yang sesuai dengan tipe kawasan dan peruntukannya. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengkaji sejauhmana PP No. 63 Tahun 2002 tentang hutan kota dilaksanakan oleh pemerintah daerah. Lokasi penelitian kajian jenis pohon Potensial untuk Pengembangan Hutan Kota ditetapkan adalah kota Bandung yang telah memiliki Perda No. 25 tahun 2009 tentang hutan kota. Berdasarkan Perda tersebut Kota Bandung telah menetapkan 9 lokasi kawasan hutan kota, yaitu Taman Tegalega, Taman Pramuka, Taman Lantas, Taman Cilaki, Taman Maluku, EksTPA Cicabe, Eks-TPA Pasir Impun, Kebun Binatang Tamansari dan kawasan hutan PT Pindad. Metode yang digunakan adalah sensus melalui pengukuran luas kawasan, pengamatan struktur, pencacahan populasi, pengukuran dimensi pohon (diameter, tinggi total, tinggi bebas cabang, lebar dan tinggi tajuk dan mengidentifikasi ( jenis, genera dan suku setiap pohon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hutan kota terdiri dari 8 lokasi hutan kota digunakan sebagai sarana olah raga dan rekreasi/wisata untuk umum dan 1 lokasi merupakan tempat industri persenjataan sehingga tertutup bagi umum. Keanekaragaman jenis tertinggi terdapat di Kebun Binatang Tamansari dan terendah di kawasan Eks-TPA Pasir Impun, sedangkan untuk populasi terbanyak terdapat di PT Pindad, dan yang paling sedikit di kawasan Eks-TPA Pasir Impun. Jenis pohon yang ada sebagai vegetasi hutan kota umumnya merupakan jenis eksotik, dari hasil kegiatan penelitian ini disusun suatu matriks kesesuaian jenis pohon berdasarkan deskripsi (karakteristik dan fungsi dari setiap jenis pohon yang

  1. Charcoal from paper sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, M

    1980-03-06

    Paper sludge containing less than or equal to 50% water is mixed with coffee shells and greater than or equal to 1 almond shells, orange skin, walnut shells, or bean jam waste, compacted, and dry distilled at 300-600 degrees to prepare charcoal. Thus, 1 ton of paper sludge was mixed with 100 kg each of coffee shells, almond shells, orange skin, and walnut shells; compacted and dry distilled 24 hours at approximately 450 degrees. The calorific value of the charcoal produced was approximately 7300 kcal/kg.

  2. The Influence Of Brand Positioning Fun, Art And Education Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan Toward Visit Decision In Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vany Octaviany

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan is one tourist attraction (DTW art which is located in Kota Baru Parahyangan, Padalarang. Number of tourists visiting Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan from year to year has increased, but did not meet the expected targets visit the manager. Building a strong Brand Positioning able to provide a reference for tourists in choosing DTW to be addressed which can then influence the decision of tourists to visit a DTW. Therefore Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan trying to build a strategy Brand Positioning Fun, Art and Education in order to position itself as DTW which offers attractions and tourist activity-laden art education but still fun for tourists. This study aims to find out about how much influence the Brand Positioning Fun, Art and Education against the decision of visiting tourists in Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan. In this study, the independent variable (X is the Brand Positioning and the dependent variable was the decision to visit, with a sample of 100 respondents, data collection techniques using a questionnaire (questionnaire, interviews, documentary studies and literature studies, while data analysis techniques using simple regression. The results showed that the influence strategy Brand Positioning Fun, Art and Education on the decision been run Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan have a strong influence, which amounted to 83%. This shows that when Brand Positioning Fun, Art and Education implemented properly, then the decision to tourists visiting Bale Seni Barli-Kota Baru Parahyangan will increase.

  3. TINJAUAN KRIMINOLOGIS TERHADAP KEJAHATAN PENYEBARAN VIDEO PORNO (Studi Kasus di Kota Makassar Tahun 2010 s/d 2013)

    OpenAIRE

    DEVANI. K, PUTRI

    2014-01-01

    - PUTRI DEVANI. K. (B 111 06 644). Tinjauan Kriminologis Terhadap Kejahatan Penyebaran Video Porno (Studi Kasus di Kota Makassar Tahun 2010 s/d 2013). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan terjadinya penyebaran video porno di kota Makassar serta untuk mengetahui upaya pemberantasan penyebaran video porno di kota Makassar. Pelaksanaan penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Polrestabes Makassar dan Makassar Trade Centre (MTC). Untuk Polrestabes karena pada le...

  4. Ultrasonic reduction of excess sludge from the activated sludge system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Guangming; Zhang Panyue; Yang Jinmei; Chen Yanming

    2007-01-01

    Sludge treatment has long become the most challenging problem in wastewater treatment plants. Previous studies showed that ozone or chlorine effectively liquefies sludge into substrates for bio-degradation in the aeration tank, and thus reduces the excess sludge. This paper employs ultrasound to reduce the excess sludge from the sequential batch reactor (SBR) system. Partial sludge was disintegrated into dissolved substrates by ultrasound in an external sono-tank and was then returned to the SBR for bio-degradation. The results showed that ultrasound (25 kHz) effectively liquefied the sludge. The most effective conditions for sludge reduction were as following: sludge sonication ratio of 3/14, ultrasound intensity of 120 kW/kgDS, and sonication duration of 15 min. The amount of excess sludge was reduced by 91.1% to 17.8 mg/(L d); the organic content and settleability of sludge in the SBR were not impacted. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was 81.1%, the total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency was 17-66%, and high phosphorus concentration in the effluent was observed

  5. Bacteriology of activated sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gils, van H.W.

    1964-01-01

    The bacteriology and biochemistry of activated sludge grown in domestic waste water or fed with synthetic media were studied. The nature of the flocs was investigated by determining morphological and physiological characteristics of many strains isolated.

    Predominant bacteria were

  6. Composting sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epstein, E.

    1979-01-01

    Sewage sludge is predominantly organic matter containing domestic and industrial wastes. The inefficiency of the waste water treatment to destroy pathogens and stabilization of odor-producing volatile organic compounds necessitates further treatment before sludge can be used as a soil amendment or fertilizer. Composting, which is the rapid biological decomposition of the sludge organic matter is an excellent method of sludge stabilization. During the process, volatile organics are decomposed and many of the pathogens destoyed. The low cost of the process and its flexibility with respect to labor and capital makes the system highly attractive to municipalities. A major problem facing large urban waste water treatment facilities is the distribution or marketing. The light weight of the material, expensive hauling costs, and low fertilizer value reduce its attractiveness to the agricultural sector. Thus, the greatest market is for horticultural purposes, sod, nurseries, greenhouses, parks, and reclamation areas. The major potential benefits of irradiating compost as a means of further disinfection are: (1) elimination of any health hazard; (2) increase of market potential, i.e., providing more market outlets to distribute the material; (3) compliance with state and federal health regulations; and (4) enhancement of the economics of composting as a result of utilizing compost in speciality products commanding a higher value

  7. Activated Sludge Rheology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ratkovich, Nicolas Rios; Horn, Willi; Helmus, Frank

    2013-01-01

    Rheological behaviour is an important fluid property that severely impacts its flow behaviour and many aspects related to this. In the case of activated sludge, the apparent viscosity has an influence on e.g. pumping, hydrodynamics, mass transfer rates, sludge-water separation (settling and filtr...... rheological measurements. Moreover, the rheological models are not very trustworthy and remain very “black box”. More insight in the physical background needs 30 to be gained. A model-based approach with dedicated experimental data collection is the key to address this.......Rheological behaviour is an important fluid property that severely impacts its flow behaviour and many aspects related to this. In the case of activated sludge, the apparent viscosity has an influence on e.g. pumping, hydrodynamics, mass transfer rates, sludge-water separation (settling......, leading to varying results and conclusions. In this paper, a vast amount of papers are critically reviewed with respect to this and important flaws are highlighted with respect to rheometer choice, rheometer settings and measurement protocol. The obtained rheograms from experimental efforts have...

  8. REGISTER PELAKU INDUSTRI BATIK DI KOTA PEKALONGAN: KAJIAN SOSIOLINGUISTIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afrinar Pramitasari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Register merupakan pemakaian bahasa dalam setiap bidang kehidupan yang tiap-tiap bidang kehidupanmempunyai bahasa khusus yang tidak dimengerti oleh kelompok lain. Pekalongan dikenal sebagai kota dansebagian besar pekerjaan masyarakat di Kota Pekalongan adalah sebagai perajin batik, maka dalam tuturanmereka sehari-hari juga banyak menggunakan kosakata khas bidang industri batik. Sumber data dalampenelitian ini adalah penggalan percakapan masyarakat perajin batik di Kota Pekalongan yang di dugamengandung register. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode simak yang dalam pelaksanaanya diwujudkanmelalui teknik dasar dan teknik lanjutan. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah ada dua bentuk registerindustri batik yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini yaitu register berdasarkan satuan lingual bahasanya danberdasarkan jenis kata. Berdasarkan satuan lingual bahasa ditemukan dua bentuk register yaitu registerberbentuk kata tunggal dan register berbentuk kata kompleks. Register berbentuk kata kompleks mencakup 1register berbentuk frasa, 2 register berbentuk kata majemuk, 3 register bentuk reduplikasi, dan 4 registerbentuk berafiks. Register a use of language in every area of life, the life of each field specific language that is notunderstood by other groups. Pekalongan City is known as the city that have potential in the batikindustry, because most of the people work in the City Pekalongan batik is as crafters, then in theireveryday speech too much use of vocabulary typical batik industry. Data sources in the form ofpublic speech in Pekalongan batik artisans containing registers. Refer to the method of datacollection that the implementation is realized through basic techniques and advanced techniques.The results of this study was two are three forms of batik industry registers were found in thisstudy is based on the unit registers lingual languag and based on grammatical categories. Basedon unit lingual language, found two registers form the single

  9. Sistem Informasi Wisata Kuliner di Kota Semarang Berbasis Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaerunissa Ariwardhani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan teknologi informasi dewasa ini memicu pertumbuhan jumlah para pengguna internet. Dalam dunia bisnis, peranan teknologi menjadi hal yang sangat utama, dan bisa dikatakan sudah menjadi kebutuhan primer bagi usahawan pada masa ini. Demikian halnya tentang kuliner yang telah memanfaatkan jaringan internet untuk menyajikan berbagai informasi baik dari informasi tempat, rasa, penyajian dan harga  dalam bidang teknologi informasi. Namun untuk informasi kuliner di Semarang dalam sebuah site, sementara ini masih kurang lengkap dan belum ada site yang menkhususkan wisata kuliner di Semarang. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan sebuah perancangan aplikasi sistem informasi wisata kuliner Kota Semarang berbasis web untuk memudahkan masyarakat dalam menemukan ragam kuliner yang ada di Kota Semarang . Desain dan implementasi akan diawali dengan analisa kebutuhan sistem atau dikenal dengan istilah system requirements analysis. Hal ini ditujukan untuk mendapatkan spesifikasi sistem yang sesuai. Dalam tahapan desain, Data Flow Diagram digunakan untuk penggambaran proses bisnis dengan jelas. Sementara itu, Entity Relationship Diagram digunakan untuk merepresentasikan data dalam sistem secara logis. Hasil dari tahapan desain kemudian diimplementasikan dengan menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP dan menggunakan sistem basis data MySQL serta penggunaan Javascript untuk menghasilkan sistem informasi berbasis web yang lebih dinamis Tools yang digunakan adalah software Adobe Dreamweaver CS6, XAMPP. Hasil pengujian Sistem Informasi Wisata Kuliner di Kota Semarang Berbasis Web menunjukkan bahwa semua fitur yang terdapat dalam aplikasi dapat bekerja dengan baik seperti mengelola data kuliner, mengelola data admin, mengelola data member dan mengelola komentar yang masuk. Menggunakan permodelan sistem Entity Relationship Diagram. Sistem informasi ini memiliki user pada sistem sebanyak lima yaitu admin, member aktif, member pasif, member premium dan pengunjung.

  10. ANALISIS RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU PERUMAHAN NASIONAL DI KOTA MEDAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Fahreza

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui untuk mengetahui : (1 Kondisi ruang terbuka hijau publik pada perumahan nasional (perumnas Kota Medan ditinjau dari luasan, vegetasi, jenis dan perawatan. (2 Aktifitas yang dimanfaatkan pada ruang terbuka hijau publik perumahan nasional (perumnas. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Medan tahun 2015. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu Perumahan Nasional Martubung, dan Perumahan Nasional Helvetia karna kedua Perumahan nasional ini berada di Kota Medan. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah semua populasi (Total sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah teknik observasi, studi dokumenter dan wawancara. Data dianalisis dengan teknik deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian, menunjukan bahwa (1 kondisi RTH publik pada kedua perumahan nasional ini ditinjau dari luasan, jenis, vegetasi dan perawatan. Untuk luasan RTH, kedua perumahan nasional ini belum optimal dan belum memenuhi syarat yang ditentukan Kementrian PU yang mensyratkan 20% dari luas kawasan. Jenis RTH pada perumahan nasional ini yaitu taman, lapangan sepak bola, lapangan olahraga, bantaran danau, dan lahan kosong terbengkalai. Untuk vegetasi pada RTH, masih terlalu sedikit sehingga mengurangi nilai keindahan dan keteduhan pada RTH kedua perumahan nasional ini, hal itu terlihat dari tanaman-tanaman yang layu, kering dan gersang. Perawatan RTH yang dilakukan kurang maksimal hal itu terlihat dari rumput yang tidak teratur dan lebat, ranting pohon yang berjatuhan serta fasilitas didalam RTH yang rusak. (2 Aktifitas yang dimanfaatkan pada ruang terbuka hijau publik perumahan nasional (perumnas. Ada beberapa RTH yang tidak dilakukan pemanfaatan aktifitas didalamnya. Jenis aktifitas yang ada pada kedua perumahan nasional ini hampir sama, yaitu bermain bola, bermain bulu tangkis, bermain futsal, bermain voli, berolahraga seperti jogging dan senam, bermain anak-anak, bersosialisasi, berjualan dan acara-acara tahunan. Kata Kunci: RTH, perumnas

  11. PENGEMBANGAN KINERJA GURU MELALUI PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS PADA SMA NEGERI DI KOTA PALOPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilal Muhammad

    2015-12-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkap: (1 pelaksanaan pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo; dan (2 hambatan da-lam pelaksanaan pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian lapangan yang kajiannya bersifat kualitatif-verifikatif. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan fenomeno-logi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan dua hal. Pertama, pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo belum berjalan optimal dan baru sebatas memenuhi kebutuhan persyarat-an kenaikan pangkat. Potensi guru belum dimanfaatkan melalui pemberdayaan, khususnya penelitian tindakan kelas. Kedua, hambatan dalam pelaksanaan pe-ngembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo adalah keterbatasan waktu, dana, sumber referensi kurang, lingkungan tidak kondusif, dan motivasi kurang. Selain itu, sebagian guru juga masih mengalami kesulitan dalam melakukan dan menyusun laporan hasil PTK.

  12. Pemilihan Alternatif Jalan Lingkar Barat Utara Kota Blitar dengan Metode Analytic Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonny Hermawanto

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Kota Blitar yang terus berkembang dalam berbagai sektor memerlukan sarana dan prasarana yang memadai untuk mendukung perkembangan kota yang dinamis. Sektor perhubungan adalah salah satu faktor yang berperan penting dalam perekonomian suatu wilayah, yaitu sebagai urat nadi dalam distribusi barang dan jasa. Untuk menentukan prioritas kriteria alternatif  jalan lingkar digunakan metode analytic hierarchy process (AHP untuk memilih alternatif jalanterbaik dari beberapa alternatif alternatif jalan yang ada. Untuk metode AHP digunakan 21 responden dari dinas dan instansi di Kota Blitar yang berkompeten dalam masalah ini. Ada 5 kriteria yang akan digunakan untuk menentukan kriteria dalam metode AHP yaitu kriteria aman, waktu tempuh, kesesuaian dengan RTRW, biaya, dan manfaat.Alternatif II yaitu Jalan Kalimas-Jalan Mahakam-Jalan Kali Brantas-Jalan Ciliwung-Jalan Citarum-Jalan DI. Panjaitan-Jalan Slamet Riyadi-Jalan Cut Nyak Dien disarankan untuk dijadikan alternatif jalan lingkar barat utara Kota Blitar.

  13. Model Delone and Mclean Untuk Mengukur Kesuksesan E-Government Kota Pekalongan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pujo Hari Saputro

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah Kota Pekalongan saat ini sudah menjadi salah satu kota percontohan dalam penggunaan E-government di Indonesia, banyak sistem sudah diterapkan dan berhasil membantu dalam pelayanan pemerintah kota kepada masyarakat dan juga mempermudah dalam pekerjaan pegawai pemerintahan. Metode DeLone and McLean yaitu metode yang mempunyai 6 variabel evaluasi yaitu: information quality, system quality, service quality, use, user satisfaction dan net benefit. Metode DeLone and McLean akan digunakan sebagai model mengukur kesuksesan E- government dalam penggunaannya untuk membantu kinerja pegawai pemerintahan kota pekalongan. Dengan model ini diharapkan dapat diketahui komponen-komponen yang mendukung atau menghambat dalam penggunaan E-government, sehingga ke depan diharapkan dapat menjadi bahan evaluasi untuk perbaikan. 

  14. HUBUNGAN KEPUASAN KERJA, STRES GURU DENGAN KEBAHAGIAAN GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI KOTA AMBON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donny Toisuta

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Masalah penelitian dirumuskan: (1 Adakah hubungan yang positif dan signifikan antara kepuasan kerja dengan kebahagiaan guru pendidikan agama sekolah menengah di kota Ambon? (2 Adakah hubungan yang negatif signifikan antara stresguru dengan kebahagiaan guru pendidikan agama sekolah menengah di kota Ambon? Subjek penelitian berjumlah 117 orang guru agama sekolah menengah dari 5 kecamatan di kota Ambon. Keba-hagiaan diukur dengan Authentic Happiness Inventory (AHI dari Seligman, Kepuasan Kerja guru diukur dengan Teacher Job satisfaction Questionnaire dari Lester dan Stres Guru diukur dengan Angket Stres Guru yang dikem-bangkan oleh Kyriacou. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 Ada hubungan positif signifikan antara kepuasan kerja  dengan kebahagiaan guru pendidikan agama sekolah menengah di kota Ambon  dengan p = 0,014 0,05.

  15. Pengelolaan Hutan Lindung Kota Tarakan dalam Perspektif Pembangunan Berkelanjutan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditia Syaprillah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Kebutuhan lahan menjadi salah satu penyebab terjadinya degradasi pada kawasan hutan. Keinginan pemerintah daerah untuk melestarikan hutan seringkali berbenturan dengan berbagai kepentingan. Kondisi ini diperparah dengan pesatnya perkembangan jumlah penduduk di Kota Tarakan yang mencapai 6,78% per tahun. Pengelolaan hutan lindung Kota Tarakan dilakukan melalui kegiatan tata hutan berupa penataan hutan yang disusun dalam buku dan peta penataan Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan (KPH. Perencanaan pengelolaan hutan yang dilakukan mengacu pada rencana kehutanan nasional, provinsi, maupun kabupaten/kota dengan memerhatikan aspirasi, nilai budaya masyarakat setempat serta kondisi lingkungan dan pemberdayaan masyarakat di sekitar hutan lindung melalui hutan kemasyarakatan dan kemitraan kehutanan. Faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pengelolaan hutan lindung Kota Tarakan adalah adanya kecenderungan perambahan lahan hutan lindung, kepemilikan lahan serta rendahnya pendidikan dan taraf hidup masyarakat di sekitar kawasan hutan lindung dan belum adanya kesepahaman terkait dalam hal perencanaan pengelolaan hutan lindung dengan para pihak, khususnya masyarakat di sekitar hutan lindung. Abstract High demand of land is one of the many causes of forest degradation. The urgency of the local government to conserve the forest often contradicts with various interests. This condition is getting worse as the number of the population grows, especially in Tarakan whose population grows by 6.78% per year. The areas declared as protected forest are mostly utilized by the society for plantation and housing purpose. This research aims to observe protected forest management and other factors affecting the actualization of sustainable development in Tarakan. According to Forest Management Unit (KPH, forest management plan in Tarakan refers to national, province, and also city or district forestry plan. It also heeds aspiration, cultural value, and empowerment of the locals as well

  16. ANALISIS HOMOGENITAS DATA CURAH HUJAN TAHUNAN KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahidah Sanusi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Homogeneity Analysis Of Annual Rainfall Data Of Makassar City. Testing the homogeneity of rainfall series is often required in climate and hydrology studies to ensure that rainfall data can be used reliability. The objective of this study is to identify homogeneity of annual rainfall data for three rainfall stations in Makassar for the period from 1985 to 2014. These stations are Paotere station, station of Biring Romang, and station of  BBMKG region IV. Four tests for homogeneity were applied for each station. These tests include the Standard Normal Homogeneity (SNH test, Buishand Range (BR test, Pettitt test and the von Neumann Ratio test. The SNH, BR, and Pettitt tests indicate that there was no break point for all station, except at Paotere station, Pettitt test shows that there was a break point in 1994. However, based on four homogeneity tests, the results reveal that rainfall series of Makassar city is homogeneous. The study results are usefull information for rainfall modeling of Makassar city.Abstrak. Analisis Homogenitas Data Curah Hujan Tahunan Kota Makassar. Pengujian homogenitas data runtun curah hujan sering diperlukan dalam kajian iklim dan hidrologi untuk menjamin kehandalan data yang digunakan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeteksi kehomogenan data jumlah curah hujan tahunan di tiga stasiun hujan di kota Makassar dalam kurun waktu 1985 hingga 2014. Ketiga stasiun hujan tersebut adalah stasiun Paotere, stasiun Biring Romang, dan stasiun BBMKG wilayah IV. Ada empat uji homogenitas yang digunakan pada setiap stasiun, yaitu uji Standard Normal Homogeneity (SNH, uji Rentang Buishand (BR, uji Pettitt, dan uji Rasio von Neumann. Uji SNH, BR, dan Pettitt menunjukkan bahwa tidak terjadi perubahan jumlah curah hujan tahunan pada semua stasiun kajian, kecuali di stasiun Paotere, uji Pettitt menunjukan bahwa telah terjadi perubahan pada tahun 1994. Namun demikian, berdasarkan empat uji homogenitas tersebut menunjukkan

  17. Peran Lembaga Sosial Ppap Seroja dalam Memberikan Motivasi Belajar Kepada Anak Rawan di Kota Solo

    OpenAIRE

    Robaaniyahya, Riska

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui cara yang dilakukan Lembaga Sosial PPAP Seroja dalam memberikan motivasi belajar kepada anak rawan di Kota Solo beserta dampaknya. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Lembaga Sosial PPAP Seroja dengan teknik pemilihan informan berupa purposive sampling. Informan yang dipilih dalam penelitian ini adalah pengurus dan tentor di PLK Seroja, anak rawan di PLK Seroja, dan staff Dinas Sosial Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Kota Solo. Pendekatan penelitian yang digu...

  18. Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan dan Komunikasi terhadap Kepuasan Kerja pada pegawai Badan Kepegawaian Daerah Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Muhammad Rizal

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to identify and analyze the influence of leadership style and communication on job satisfaction on employee in Badan Kepegawaian Daerah Kota Medan. The population in this research are 68 people and all of them used as sample. Analitycal techniques used is multiple linier regression method with significance level of 5%. The result showed that simultaneously leadership style and communication has significant on job satisfaction on employee in Badan Kepegawaian Daerah Kota Med...

  19. PELAKSANAAN PEMUNGUTAN PAJAK HOTEL DAN KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH DI KOTA BANDAR LAMPUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NURMAYANI NURMAYANI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Perda Kota Bandar Lampung Nomor 07 Tahun 2002 tentang Pajak Hotel dalam pelaksanaannya masih ada hambatan. Oleh karena itu diteliti mengenai aturan dan pelaksanaannya.Penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum normatif (Dogmati Research. Pendekatan masalahnya menggunakan pendekatanperaturan perundang-undangan (Statue Approach. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan terdapat ketidaksinkronan pengaturan mengenai pajak hotel dalam Peraturan Daerah Kota Bandar Lampung Nomor 07 Tahun 2002  dengan Undang-Undang Nomor 28 Tahun 2009 tentang Pajak dan Retribusi Daerah.

  20. ANALISIS POTENSI PEMUNGUTAN PAJAK HOTEL DALAM RANGKA PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH KOTA MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    -, MUHAMMAD TRY DHARSANA AMBO ALA DEPARTEMEN AKUNTANSI FAKULTAS EKONOMI DAN BISNIS UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN MAKASSAR 2017

    2017-01-01

    Analisis Potensi Pemungutan Pajak Hotel dalam Rangka Peningkatan Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kota Makassar Analysis of Hotels Tax Collection Potency in Makkasar???s Own-Source Revenue Increase Muhammad Try Dharsana Ambo Ala Andi Kusumawati Yulianus Sampe Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui besar potensi pajak hotel dan seberapa jauh bentuk usaha yang di lakukan oleh pemerintah daerah dalam menggali potensi pajak hotel di kota Makassar. Untuk menghitung potensi, efektivi...

  1. PENGARUH PRESEDEN ARSITEKTUR DUNIA TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK BENTUK FASADE BANGUNAN DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    Ruly Pujantara

    2015-01-01

    Pada era modern sekarang ini, fasade dan bentuk bangunan yang berkembang dan di bangun di kota-kota besar Indonesia adalah kebanyakan fasade dan bentuk bangunan modern dan futuristik. Desainnya mempunyai karakteristik tertentu sesuai gaya Arsitektur Eropa, Amerika dan Jepang. Originalitas fasade bangunan dan bentuk bangunan modern di Indonesia juga mengalami adaptasi mengikuti preseden Arsitektur dunia. Preseden Arsitektur ini menjadi sedikit masalah ketika unsur keamanan, kenyamanan menjadi ...

  2. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI POLA KONSUMSI MAHASISWA INDEKOS DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    KAROMA, AGUSTINA RESI

    2013-01-01

    2013 Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi konsumsi mahasiswa indekos di Kota Makassar. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dari kuisioner (primer) dan beberapa observasi serta wawancara langsung dengan pihak yang terkait yaitu kepada mahasiswa yang tinggal di rumah kos di wilayah Kota Makassar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai R square adalah sebesar 0,827 yang berarti bahwa 82,7 % konsumsi mahasis...

  3. Analisis Mikrobiologi Minuman Teh Seduhan Berbeda Merk Berdasarkan Nilai Mpn Coliform di Kota Malang

    OpenAIRE

    Nisa, Ana Syarifatun; Hastuti, Utami Sri; Witjoro, Agung

    2012-01-01

    Minuman teh seduhan memiliki beberapa kelebihan dalam menarik minat konsumen, diantaranya kemasan yang mudah dibawa dan selalu segar tetapi juga dapat mengalami kontaminasi oleh bakteri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui 1) Nilai MPN coliform dan coliform fekal minuman teh seduhan yang dijual di tiga pusat perbelanjaan Kota Malang; 2) Kualitas mikrobiologi minuman teh seduhan yang dijual di tiga tempat pusat perbelanjaan Kota Malang. Jenis penelitian ini ialah penelitian deskriptif o...

  4. Radioactivity in sludge: tank cleaning procedures and sludge disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bradley, D.A.

    1995-01-01

    In the oil and gas industry management of alpha-active sludge is made more complex by the presence of hydrocarbons and heavy metals. This presentation discusses the origin of radioactivity in sludge, management of risk in terms of safe working procedures, storage and possible disposal options. The several options will generally involve aspects of dilution or of concentration; issues to be discussed will include sludge farming, bioremediation and incineration. (author)

  5. PEMANFAATAN DIGITAL PUBLIC RELATIONS (PR DALAM SOSIALISASI TAGLINE “jogja istimewa” HUMAS PEMERINTAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhianty Nurjanah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Dalam mensosialisasikantagline baru kepada seluruh masyarakat kota Yogyakarta dibutuhkan proses sosialisasi dan disini peranan Humas Pemerintah Kota Yogyakarta sebagai komunikator dan mediator antara pemerintah dan masyarakat kota Yogyakarta sangat penting. Di era komunikasi digital, pemanfaatan media komunikasi Digital Public Relations (PR menjadi hal urgent yang dapat dilakukan dalam proses sosialisasi.Dengan memanfaatkan Digital PR, diharapkan proses sosialisasi Jogja Istimewa sebagai branding baru Kota Yogyakarta lebih cepat, tepat dan efektif  tersosialisasi kepada seluruh elemen masyarakat di Kota Yogyakarta. Dengan demikian Daerah IstimewaYogyakarta Yang Lebih Berkarakter, Berbudaya, Maju, Mandiri dan Sejahtera Menyongsong Peradaban Baru dapat dengan mudah terwujud. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi kasus dan termasuk kedalam jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian deskriptif menurut Whitney (dalam Nazir, 1988: 63 yaitu penelitian untuk pencarian fakta dengan interpretasi yang tepat. Mempelajari masalah-masalah dalam masyarakat, Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Humas Pemerintah Kota Yogyakarta dengan pengkhususan pada implementasi digital Public Relations (PR dalam mensosialisasikan “jogja Istimewa”.  Kata Kunci: Digital, Public Relations, Sosialisasi

  6. Pengembangan Transportasi Sungai Kota Semarang Sebagai Transportasi Perintis Tujuan Wisata Air (Studi Kasus Kanal Banjir Barat Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismiyati Ismiyati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan pariwisata di kota Semarang ditandai dengan tersedianya fasilitas shuttle bus gratis. Rute shuttle bus tersebut melewati rute Kuliner Pekunden, Pusat oleh-oleh Pandanaran, Gedung Lawang Sewu dan Daerah Kota Lama Semarang.Sejak tahun 2012, wisata di tepi Sungai Kanal Banjir Barat mulai dikembangkan pemerintah Kota Semarang. Namun, sampai saat ini Kanal Banjir Barat hanya difungsikan sebagai sungai pengendali banjir, sehingga fungsi pariwisatanya belum optimal seperti objek wisata lain di Kota Semarang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan transportasi wisata air, khususnya di Kanal Banjir Barat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan kuesioner dan observasi lapangan. Metode kuantitatif penentuan alur pelayaran menggunakan analisis hidrologi dan simulasi hidrolika sungai dengan program HEC-RAS. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan bahwa lokasi pengembangan transportasi untuk wisata air di Kanal Banjir Barat akan efektif jika berada diantara Bendung Simongan hingga muara Kanal Banjir Barat. Tipe angkutan wisata yang ideal adalah menggunakan 2 kapal speedboat terbuka dengan dimensi panjang 8 m, lebar 2,2 m, dan draft 0,4 m. Biaya Operasional Kapal per tahun untuk 8 trip per hari dan biaya pengelolaannya adalah sebesar Rp 901,2 juta dengan estimasi tarif per orang sebesar untuk Rp 17.070,- per trip.  [Title: River Transportation Development of Semarang City for Water Tourism: A Case Study West Flood Canal] Tourism development of Semarang city is identified by the facilities of free shuttle bus. The shuttle bus service passes through Pekunden culinary route, a central souvenir of Pandanaran, Lawang Sewu and Old City of Semarang. Since 2012, local government has developed riverside tourism object of the West Flood Canal Semarang. However, until then the West Flood Canal only was functioned as flood control. Thus, the tourism function is not optimum as other tourism attractions in Semarang city. This research aims

  7. Minimization of Excess Sludge in Activated Sludge Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Ali Reza Momeni

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The disposal of excess sludge from wastewater treatment plant represents a rising challenge in activated sludge processes. Hence, the minimization of excess sludge production was investigated by increasing the dissolved oxygen in aeration basin. Units of the pilot include: Primary sedimentation tank, aeration basin, secondary sedimentation tank, and return sludge tank. Volume of aeration basin is 360 l and influent flow rate is 90 L/h. Influent of pilot is taken from effluent of grit chamber of Isfahan's North Wastewater treatment plant. The experiments were done on different parts of pilot during the 5 month of study. Results show that increase of dissolved oxygen in aeration tank affect on decrease of excess sludge. Increase of dissolved oxygen from 0.5 to 4.5 mg/L resulted in 25% decrease of excess sludge. Variation of dissolved oxygen affect on settleability of sludge too. By increase of dissolved oxygen, SVI decreased and then increased. Value of 1-3 mg/L was the adequate range of dissolved oxygen by settleability of sludge and optimum range was 2-2.5 mg/L. It could be concluded by increasing of dissolved oxygen up to of 3 mg/L, sludge settleability significant decreased.

  8. Agricultural yields of irradiated sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnavacca, Cecilia; Miranda, E.; Sanchez, M.

    1999-01-01

    Lettuce, radish and ryegrass have been used to study the nitrogen fertilization of soil by sewage sludge. The results show that the irradiated sludge improve by 15 - 30 % the production yield, compared to the non-irradiated sludge. (author)

  9. Sewage sludge irradiation with electrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tauber, M.

    1976-01-01

    The disinfection of sewage sludge by irradiation has been discussed very intensively in the last few months. Powerful electron accelerators are now available and the main features of the irradiation of sewage sludge with fast electrons are discussed and the design parameters of such installations described. AEG-Telefunken is building an irradiation plant with a 1.5 MeV, 25 mA electron accelerator, to study the main features of electron irradiation of sewage sludge. (author)

  10. Sewage sludge additive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalvinskas, J. J.; Mueller, W. A.; Ingham, J. D. (Inventor)

    1980-01-01

    The additive is for a raw sewage treatment process of the type where settling tanks are used for the purpose of permitting the suspended matter in the raw sewage to be settled as well as to permit adsorption of the dissolved contaminants in the water of the sewage. The sludge, which settles down to the bottom of the settling tank is extracted, pyrolyzed and activated to form activated carbon and ash which is mixed with the sewage prior to its introduction into the settling tank. The sludge does not provide all of the activated carbon and ash required for adequate treatment of the raw sewage. It is necessary to add carbon to the process and instead of expensive commercial carbon, coal is used to provide the carbon supplement.

  11. Composting of sewage sludge irradiated

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hashimoto, Shoji; Watanabe, Hiromasa; Nishimura, Koichi; Kawakami, Waichiro

    1981-01-01

    Recently, the development of the techniques to return sewage sludge to forests and farm lands has been actively made, but it is necessary to assure its hygienic condition lest the sludge is contaminated by pathogenic bacteria. The research to treat sewage sludge by irradiation and utilize it as fertilizer or soil-improving material has been carried out from early on in Europe and America. The effects of the irradiation of sludge are sterilization, to kill parasites and their eggs, the inactivation of weed seeds and the improvement of dehydration. In Japan, agriculture is carried out in the vicinity of cities, therefore it is not realistic to use irradiated sludge for farm lands as it is. The composting treatment of sludge by aerobic fermentation is noticed to eliminate the harms when the sludge is returned to forests and farm lands. It is desirable to treat sludge as quickly as possible from the standpoint of sewage treatment, accordingly, the speed of composting is a problem. The isothermal fermentation experiment on irradiated sludge was carried out using a small-scale fermentation tank and strictly controlling fermentation conditions, and the effects of various factors on the fermentation speed were studied. The experimental setup and method are described. The speed of composting reached the maximum at 50 deg C and at neutral or weak alkaline pH. The speed increased with the increase of irradiation dose up to 30 Mrad. (Kako, I.)

  12. Radioactive contamination of sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soeder, C.J.; Zanders, E.; Raphael, T.

    1986-01-01

    Because of the radioactivity released through the explosion of the nuclear reactor near Chernobyl radionuclides have been accumulated to a significant extent in sewage sludge in the Federal Republic of Germany. This is demonstrated for samples from four activated sludge plants according to a recent recommendation of the German Commission for Radiation Protection, there is until now no reason to deviate from the common practices of sludge disposal or incineration. The degree of radioactive contamination of plant materials produced on farm lands on which sewage sludge is being spread cannot be estimated with sufficient certainty yet. Additional information is required. (orig.) [de

  13. Sewage sludge disposal in Austria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koch, F.

    1997-01-01

    Sewage systems serve about 70% of the Austrian population, producing 6 million m 3 of sewage sludge per year with a dry matter content of 4-5%. At present about 52% of this sludge is disposed of in land fills, 33% is incinerated, and only about 15 % is used in agriculture. Although agricultural utilization is becoming increasingly important, several problems, especially those related to public opinion, need to be resolved before increased use will be possible. In this paper, wastewater treatment and sewage-sludge production in Austria, and problems associated with sludge disposal are discussed. (author)

  14. Dewatering properties of differently treated sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zehnder, H.J.

    1977-01-01

    A study on dewatering properties of radiosterilized sewage sludge of different type and origin was carried out. For comparison, also heat-treated (pasteurized) sludge was investigated. The specific filtration resistance of irradiated sewage sludge was lowered in all types of sludge examined. In general, pasteurization increased this parameter. The settling properties of irradiated digested sewage sludge was slightly improved, mainly in the first hours after treatment. Microbial effects may mask the real sedimentation relations especcially in aerobically stabilized sludges. A pasteurization treatment of sewage sludge caused an increased content of soluble substances and suspended particles in the supernatant water. The supernatant water from irradiated sludge showed a smaller increase

  15. MIGRASI DAN INVOLUSI DI KOTA SEMARANG (Migration and Involution in Semarang City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saratri Wilonoyudho

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Migrasi masuk ke Kota Semarang telah membawa akibat samping berupa terjadinya  involusi perkotaan yakni ketidakseimbangan antara migrasi masuk para pekerja tidak terampil dan pertumbuhan ekonomi kotanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  menjelaskan dan mempelajari dinamika migrasi masuk dan involusi perkotaan di Kota Semarang,  menjelaskan dan mengidentifikasi determinan dan kaitan migrasi masuk dan involusi perkotaan, dan menjelaskan dan mengidentifikasi kaitan migrasi dan dampaknya. Metode penelitian ini adalah menggunakan data dari BPS (Biro Pusat Statistik, wawancara,  Focus Group Discussion dan observasi lapangan. Penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa di kota Semarang mengalami peningkatan yang pesat jumlah sektor informal dan pekerja tidak terampil lainnya. Di wilayah sekitar Kota Semarang telah terjadi kecenderungan urbanisasi dengan pola menyebar yang ditandai pertumbuhan penduduk perkotaan yang tinggi. Determinan utama migrasi masuk ke Kota Semarang adalah gabungan simultan antara tekanan perdesaan dan daya tarik kota yang dipandang selalu dapat menyediakan lapangan kerja. Dampak migrasi di Kota Semarang adalah involusi perkotaan dan degradasi lingkungan. Saran yang disampaikan adalah daerah di sekitar Kota Semarang perlu mengusahakan keterkaitan antara lokalitas dengan sistem produksi dan ekonomi global di wilayah tersebut untuk menyejahterakan penduduk dan mencegah arus migrasi ke Semarang dan kota-kota besar.   ABSTRACT The migration to Semarang City has resulted in the bad impact of city involution, that is, the imbalance between the migration of underemployment/unskilled labor and the city economic growth. The objectives of this research are to explain and to examine the dynamics of migration and city involution process in Semarang City, to identify and explain determinants of migration and city involution in Semarang City, and  to identify and explain migration and its impact. The data of the research were collected from the

  16. PERENCANAAN LOKASI SITE BTS LAYANAN 3G-WCDMA DI PEMERINTAH KOTA DENPASAR DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN BALAI BANJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Aryadi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Seiring dengan perkembangan kebutuhan bit rate dan kapasitas layanan data yang meningkat di wilayah Kota Denpasar, diperlukan perencanaan lokasi site BTS (Base Transceiver Station yang dapat melayani kebutuhan pelanggan secara kuantitas maupun kualitas. Untuk memperoleh nilai bit rate yang maksimal dibutuhkan jari-jari sel yang kecil. Dengan perbandingan luas wilayah sebesar 130,48 km2 jika dibagi dengan 399 balai banjar di Kota Denpasar maka diperoleh coverage area 0,327 km2 per banjar dengan jari-jari sel sekitar 285 m. Maka pada penelitian ini lokasi site BTS yang digunakan adalah pada Balai Banjar di Kota Denpasar. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang lokasi site BTS layanan 3G-WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access untuk wilayah Pemerintah Kota Denpasar sesuai data sebaran penduduk dan mengetahui perbandingan jumlah site BTS secara teoritis untuk layanan 3G-WCDMA memanfaatkan Balai Banjar Pemerintah Kota Denpasar dengan model pemetaan secara geografis. Metode penelitian terdiri dari 3 alur, yaitu perkiraan pertumbuhan pelanggan 3G-WCDMA dan Offered Bit Quantity (OBQ per desa di Kota Denpasar, Perhitungan jumlah dan jari-jari site secara teoritis per desa di Kota Denpasar, dan Pemetaan site di Kota Denpasar memanfaatkan Balai Banjar. Perhitungan secara teoritis menunjukkan bahwa 257 site yang diperlukan untuk melingkupi seluruh wilayah Denpasar. Sementara pemetaan secara geografis dengan memanfaatkan lokasi Balai Banjar adalah sebanyak 311 site. Dari 311 site, 155 site (49,84% terdapat pada kawasan Balai Banjar dan 156 site (50,16% terdapat di luar kawasan Balai Banjar.

  17. Perceived Organizational Support, Job Satistaction Dan Organizational Citizenship Behavior Pada PT. Bank Maluku Cabang UTAMA Kota Ambon

    OpenAIRE

    Waileruny, Hulawa Theresia

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menguji Perceived Organizational Support, Job Satisfaction dan Organizational Citizenship Behavior pada PT. Bank Maluku Cabang Utama Kota Ambon. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 103 orang karyawan PT. Bank Maluku Cabang Utama Kota Ambon. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif, data penelitian diperoleh melalui kuesioner penelitian yang telah diisi oleh responden. Metode pengolahan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan validitas, relia...

  18. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH, INVESTASI DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI KOTA SEMARANG MELALUI MICE (MEETING, INCENTIVE, CONVENTION DAN EXHIBITION)

    OpenAIRE

    Tika Putri Pratiwi

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Semarang sebagai ibukota Provinsi Jawa Tengah memiliki potensi yang besar dalam mengembangkan sektor industri dan pariwisata. Langkah awal pemerintah yang serius dalam mengolah kedua industri ini yaitu dengan menjadikan Kota Semarang sebagai salah satu destinasi MICE (Meeting, Incentive, Convention, Exhibition). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memilih strategi apa yang dapat dilakukan dalam pembangunan Kota...

  19. Sludge Digestion Manual; Handboek Slibgisting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-09-15

    This manual offers a guideline for developing, designing, optimizing and operating sludge digestion installations based on sewage sludge. It also offers tools for solving operation problems [Dutch] Het Handboek is een leidraad voor het ontwikkelen, ontwerpen, optimaliseren en bedrijven van slibgistingsinstallaties voor zuiveringsslib. Ook geeft het handvatten voor het oplossen van operationele problemen.

  20. Audit Infrastruktur Aplikasi Pelayanan Publik Pemerintah Kota Denpasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cokis Ratih Kumbara

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu Tugas Pokok dan Fungsi utama Dinas Komunikasi dan Informatika Kota Denpasar adalah sebagai pengelola infrastruktur aplikasi pelayanan publik di Pemerintah Kota Denpasar. Pelayanan publik berupa pelayanan kependudukan di Kota Denpasar menggunakan aplikasi Sistem Informasi Administrasi Kependudukan (SIAK yang meliputi pembuatan KTP, KK, dan Akta Kelahiran. Jika infrastruktur aplikasi pelayanan publik ini mengalami permasalahan, maka akan sangat menghambat semua proses yang berujung kepada komplain masyarakat dan berdampak pada menurunnya tingkat kepercayaan publik. Oleh karena itu dilakukan suatu evaluasi internal berupa audit dalam pengelolaan infrastruktur aplikasi pelayanan publik agar pihak pengelola dapat melakukan perencanaan untuk perbaikan serta peningkatan dan pengembangan infrastruktur yang telah dibangun. Audit dilakukan dengan menggunakan COBIT 4.1 sebagai kerangka kerja kontrol. Berdasarkan hasil audit dengan menggunakan Maturity Model COBIT 4.1, diperoleh tingkat kematangan pada proses AI3 (Mendapatkan dan Memelihara Infrastruktur Teknologi yaitu berada pada level 3 (defined. Untuk penilaian secara objektif, tingkat kematangan berada diantara level 3 (defined dan level 4 (managed and measurable yaitu sebesar 3,53. Rekomendasi diberikan secara bertahap berdasarkan tingkat kematangan yang diperoleh dari hasil evaluasi yaitu tingkat kematangan 3 (defined untuk dapat ditingkatkan ke tingkat kematangan 4 (managed and measurable, kemudian ditingkatkan lagi menuju tingkat kematangan ideal yaitu 5 (optimized.   One of the main functions of Communications and Information Department of Denpasar  is a public service application infrastructure management in Denpasar Government. Public services such as settlement services in Denpasar using the Administrasi Information System (SIAK application which includes the manufacture of ID Card, Family Registers and a birth certificate. If the application infrastructure of public service is

  1. Tinjauan Kasus Perceraian di Kota Semarang sebagai Upaya Kriminalisasi Cybersex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Widyawat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Meningkatnya Cybersex mengundang minat orang untuk melakukan berbagai penelitian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang bagaimana Faktor-faktor yang mendorong perceraian di kota semarang dan Pengaruh Cybersex dalam kasus perceraian di wilayah kota Semarang sehingga menjadi dasar untuk di kriminalisasi dalam peraturan perundang-undangan pidana Indonesia. Bertitik tolak dari judul dan permasalahan yang mendasari penelitian ini, maka penelitian ini termasuk jenis penelitian deskriptif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa faktor dominan yang mendorong alasan perceraian di kota Semarang adalah faktor ketidak harmonisan rumah tangga. Dapat terjadi karena adanya perilaku yang menyimpang dari pasangan yang terpengaruh Cybersex sebagai faktor yang dapat menimbulkan perilaku yang tidak lazim dalam melakukan hubungan seksual dalam rumah tangga misalnya memaksa istri berhubungan dengan posisi seperti hewan. Cybersex sebagai salah satu dari sekian bentuk kejahatan dapat ditanggulangi dengan penal policy dan non-penal policy. Penal policy dalam upaya penanggulangan Cybersex dapat dilakukan dengan cara mengkriminalisasi Cybersex sebagai perbuatan yang dilarang dan diancam pidana. Sedangkan upaya non penal terhadap Cybersex dapat dilakukan dengan melakukan pencegahan supaya Cybersex itu tidak terjadi. The increasing interest in Cybersex invites people to do research. This study aims to gain a picture of how the factors that encourage divorce in the city of semarang and the influence of Cybersex in divorce cases in the area of Semarang city so that it becomes the basis for the criminalization of criminal laws and regulations in Indonesia. The starting point of the title and the underlying problem of this research this research, including the types of descriptive research. Based on the result of the research can be concluded that the dominant factor that urge reasons divorce in the city of semarang is the factor not

  2. Profil Merokok pada Pelajar di Tiga SMP di Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yessy Susanti Sabti

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak   Merokok merupakan kontributor utama kematian.  Jumlah perokok semakin meningkat di seluruh dunia dan sebagian besar berada dinegara berkembang, termasuk Indonesia. Sebagai negara dengan perokok terbanyak ketiga di dunia, prevalensi perokok remaja di Indonesia semakin meningkat setiap tahun. Dengan menggunakan kuesionerGlobal Youth Tobacco Survey, kami meneliti profil merokok pada pelajar di tida SMP di kota Padang. Desain peneitian adalah crossectional. Data diperoleh dari kuesioner Global Youth Tobacco Survey, berbahasa Indonesia. Didapatkan sampel 240  murid dari 3 SMP dipilih secara acak di Kota Padang. Hasil : 27,7% murid pernah merokok, dan semuanya adalah laki-laki. 29%  mencoba rokok pada usia kurang dari 10 tahun. 37%  murid masih merokok sampai sekarang, 46% diantaranya sudah ketagihan rokok. Sebanyak 77,1% murid yang pernah merokok mempunyai orang tua perokok. Sebagian besar dari total sampel terpapar asap rokok lingkungan baik di rumah dan di tempat-tempat umum. Kesimpulan: Lebih dari seperempat pelajar di tiga SMP di kota Padang pernah merokok dan semuanya laki laki, dan mencoba merokok padausia kurang dari 10 tahun. Hampir seperlima sudah ketagihan merokok.Kata kunci: Pelajar, Merokok, Global Youth Tobacco SurveyAbstract Smoking is the mayor contibutor of death, and the number of smoker is growing overworld. More of them live in the developing country, including Indonesia. As the third of most smoker number, the teenager smoker prevalence in Indonesia is increase over year. By using Indonesian language adapted of Global Youth Tobacco Survey quessionaires, we researched smoking teenager behaviour and realted factors at Junior High School of Padang. Design of study is crossectional, datas collected from 240 students of three randomized selected Junior High School, by  Global Youth Tobacco Survey quessionaires that has adapted to Indonesian language. Results : 27,7% of students reported that they ever smoked cigarettes

  3. Ultrasonic sludge pretreatment under pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Ngoc Tuan; Julcour-Lebigue, Carine; Delmas, Henri

    2013-09-01

    The objective of this work was to optimize the ultrasound (US) pretreatment of sludge. Three types of sewage sludge were examined: mixed, secondary and secondary after partial methanisation ("digested" sludge). Thereby, several main process parameters were varied separately or simultaneously: stirrer speed, total solid content of sludge (TS), thermal operating conditions (adiabatic vs. isothermal), ultrasonic power input (PUS), specific energy input (ES), and for the first time external pressure. This parametric study was mainly performed for the mixed sludge. Five different TS concentrations of sludge (12-36 g/L) were tested for different values of ES (7000-75,000 kJ/kgTS) and 28 g/L was found as the optimum value according to the solubilized chemical oxygen demand in the liquid phase (SCOD). PUS of 75-150 W was investigated under controlled temperature and the "high power input - short duration" procedure was the most effective at a given ES. The temperature increase in adiabatic US application significantly improved SCOD compared to isothermal conditions. With PUS of 150 W, the effect of external pressure was investigated in the range of 1-16 bar under isothermal and adiabatic conditions for two types of sludge: an optimum pressure of about 2 bar was found regardless of temperature conditions and ES values. Under isothermal conditions, the resulting improvement of sludge disintegration efficacy as compared to atmospheric pressure was by 22-67% and 26-37% for mixed and secondary sludge, respectively. Besides, mean particle diameter (D[4,3]) of the three sludge types decreased respectively from 408, 117, and 110 μm to about 94-97, 37-42, and 36-40 μm regardless of sonication conditions, and the size reduction process was much faster than COD extraction. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Lipid profiling in sewage sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Fenfen; Wu, Xuemin; Zhao, Luyao; Liu, Xiaohui; Qi, Juanjuan; Wang, Xueying; Wang, Jiawei

    2017-06-01

    High value-added reutilization of sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is essential in sustainable development in WWTPs. However, despite the advantage of high value reutilization, this process must be based on a detailed study of organics in sludge. We used the methods employed in life sciences to determine the profile of lipids (cellular lipids, free fatty acids (FFAs), and wax/gum) in five sludge samples obtained from three typical WWTPs in Beijing; these samples include one sludge sample from a primary sedimentation tank, two activated sludge samples from two Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (A2/O) tanks, and two activated sludge samples from two membrane bioreactor tanks. The percentage of total raw lipids varied from 2.90% to 12.3%. Sludge from the primary sedimentation tank showed the highest concentrations of lipid, FFA, and wax/gum and the second highest concentration of cellular lipids. All activated sludge contained an abundance of cellular lipids (>54%). Cells in sludge can from plants, animals, microbes and so on in wastewater. Approximately 14 species of cellular lipids were identified, including considerable high value-potential ceramide (9567-38774 mg/kg), coenzyme (937-3897 mg/kg), and some phosphatidylcholine (75-548 mg/kg). The presence of those lipid constituents would thus require a wider range of recovery methods for sludge. Both cellular lipids and FFAs contain an abundance of C16-C18 lipids at high saturation level, and they serve as good resources for biodiesel production. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Treatment of radioactive sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allison, W.; Payne, B.J.; Pegler, G.E.

    1979-01-01

    Radioactive sludge e.g. that which may accumulate in irradiated nuclear fuel element storage ponds, is treated by pumping it from a settling tank to a particle separator, conveniently a hydrocyclone and a sloping plate separator, the liquid being returned to the settling tank and the solids being metered into a drum pre-lined with dry cement. The drums are in a containment box in which they are transferred to a mixing station where the particles and cement are mixed and thence to a curing station. After curing the drums are embedded in cement in outer containers for transport to a long-term storage site. (author)

  6. Physical and chemical factors affecting sludge consolidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turner, C.W.; Blimkie, M.E.; Lavoie, P.A

    1997-09-01

    Chemical reactions between sludge components and precipitation reactions within the pores of the existing sludge are shown to contribute to the consolidation of sludge under steam generator operating conditions. Simulations of sludge representative of plants with a mixed iron/copper feedtrain suggest that as the conditions in the feedtrain become more oxidizing the sludge will become harder with a higher nickel ferrite content. The precipitation of feedwater impurities introduced by condenser leaks and of zinc silicate, which is produced in plants with brass condenser tubes and silica in the makeup water, contribute significantly to sludge consolidation. Sodium phosphate is also shown to be an agent of sludge consolidation. (author)

  7. Implementasi AJAX pada Peta Wisata “esbatu” Sistem Informasi Jejaring Wisata Kota Batu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Panji Sasmito

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Minimnya informasi terkait kepariwisataan di Kota Batu yang bisa diakses online dan terintegrasi membuat potensi pariwisata di Batu kurang begitu dikenal oleh wisatawan domestik maupun mancanegara. Sejauh ini informasi wisata di Kota Batu baru sebatas media cetak dan media elektronik, dan belum ada penyebaran informasi melalui internet seperti peta wisata yang dapat diakses secara online. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan peta wisata berbasis AJAX pada “esbatu” sistem informasi jejaring wisata Kota Batu. Rancangan penelitian adalah penelitian pengembangan yang dilakukan pada Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Kota Batu. Pengembangan dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan waterfall model dengan pengujian BlackBox testing. Validitas peta wisata diukur dengan menggunakan DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success. Hasil pengujian dengan BlackBox testing menunjukkan bahwa secara fungsionalitas semua fitur pada peta wisata berjalan lancar. Hasil validasi kepada ahli sistem informasi, ahli pariwisata Kota Batu, dan beberapa calon pengguna peta wisata pada sistem informasi “esbatu” menunjukkan bahwa peta wisata sangat valid dari segi sistem informasi dan informasi pariwisata sehingga layak digunakan tanpa revisi.

  8. Penentuan Rute Angkutan Umum Optimal Dengan Transport Network Simulator (TRANETSIM di Kota Tuban

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Any Riaya Nikita Ratriaga

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Seiring perkembangan ekonomi, jumlah penduduk yang mendiami Kota Tuban terus mengalami peningkatan. Kondisi tersebut menimbulkan dampak terhadap kegiatan di beberapa ruas jalan pada Kota Tuban. Perkembangan permukiman yang ekspansif ke pinggiran Kota Tuban juga menimbulkan bangkitan-bangkitan pergerakan baru.. Sirkulasi angkutan umum yang terdapat di Kota Tuban memiliki kondisi eksisting yang belum mencakup keseluruhan zona yang menjadi bangkitan dan tarikan pergerakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan rute angkutan umum yang optimal untuk Kota Tuban. Untuk itu, dilakukan tiga tahapan untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut. Tahap pertama adalah mengukur bangkitan dan tarikan pergerakan tiap zona dengan matriks asal-tujuan. Tahap selanjutnya adalah melakukan pembobotan terhadap faktor-faktor penentu rute angkutan umum dengan teknik analisis Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP menggunakan software Expert Choice. Tahap terakhir adalah menentukan rute angkutan umum yang optimal menggunakan software Transport Network Simulator (TRANETSIM. Berdasarkan analisis yang digunakan dalam tahapan penelitian, hasil yang diperoleh yaitu rute Terminal Kambang Putih – Desa Tunah (PP, Desa Tunah – Terminal Kambang Putih (PP, Terminal Kambang Putih – Desa Semanding (PP, serta Desa Semanding – Desa Tunah (PP.

  9. PENDUDUK DAN HUBUNGAN ANTARETNIS DI KOTA SURABAYA PADA MASA KOLONIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purnawan Basundoro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Relation among ethnics in Indonesian colonial city, especially relation between European and local citizen are unique. In many causes, their interaction is relation between oppressor and the oppressed. Sometimes, it oppresses the peoples. Nevertheless, in the other time and place, their relation based on spirit and motivation of humanity, that is social relationship without racial and political sentiment. In the relation between European as a chief and the inlanders’ as a subordinate, the relation has not judge by race difference, but evaluate by social stratification. This relation happened in the different context depend on situation and condition. It indicates that relation among peoples always based humanity, that human constantly need the other else.Key words: ethnics, Surabaya, colonial Hubungan antar etnik di kota-kota kolonial di Indonesia, terutama hubungan antara orang-orang kulit putih Eropa dengan penduduk lokal cukup unik. Dalam banyak kasus hubungan mereka murni dalam kerangka hubungan antara penjajah dan yang terjajah. Hubungan semacam ini kadang-kadang sangat menindas bagi yang terjajah. Pada waktu dan tempat yang berbeda hubungan mereka sering kali juga dilandasai oleh semangat dan motivasi kemanusiaan, yaitu hubungan yang murni berdasarkan status sosial tanpa dilandasi sentimen politik dan rasial. Jika hubungan tersebut terjalin antara majikan yang Eropa dan buruh yang Bumiputera, maka baik-buruknya hubungan tersebut hanya bisa dinilai dari kelas sosial mereka yang berbeda, bukan karena perbedaan ras. Hubungan semacam itu bisa terjalin pada konteks yang berbeda-beda tergantung dengan situasi dan kondisi. Kata kunci: etnis, Surabaya, kolonial  

  10. Cluster analysis of typhoid cases in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazarudin Safian

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Typhoid fever is still a major public health problem globally as well as in Malaysia. This study was done to identify the spatial epidemiology of typhoid fever in the Kota Bharu District of Malaysia as a first step to developing more advanced analysis of the whole country. The main characteristic of the epidemiological pattern that interested us was whether typhoid cases occurred in clusters or whether they were evenly distributed throughout the area. We also wanted to know at what spatial distances they were clustered. All confirmed typhoid cases that were reported to the Kota Bharu District Health Department from the year 2001 to June of 2005 were taken as the samples. From the home address of the cases, the location of the house was traced and a coordinate was taken using handheld GPS devices. Spatial statistical analysis was done to determine the distribution of typhoid cases, whether clustered, random or dispersed. The spatial statistical analysis was done using CrimeStat III software to determine whether typhoid cases occur in clusters, and later on to determine at what distances it clustered. From 736 cases involved in the study there was significant clustering for cases occurring in the years 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2005. There was no significant clustering in year 2004. Typhoid clustering also occurred strongly for distances up to 6 km. This study shows that typhoid cases occur in clusters, and this method could be applicable to describe spatial epidemiology for a specific area. (Med J Indones 2008; 17: 175-82Keywords: typhoid, clustering, spatial epidemiology, GIS

  11. Perencanaan Sistem Drainase Kebon Agung Kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Gita Pitaloka

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Saluran Kebon Agung terletakdi Surabaya bagian selatan di Kecamatan Jambangan dan bermuara di sisi laut Surabaya bagian Timur di Kecamatan Rungkut. Saluran ini memiliki panjang 11 kilometer dan lebar berkisar antara 7 – 12 meter. Pada saluran Kebon Agung terdapat 2 rumah pompa, yaitu Pompa Kutisari dan Pompa Kebon Agung. Rumah pompa ini sudah berfungsi untuk mengurangi banjir di Surabaya, namun masih kurang maksimal, sehingga masih terjadi genangan di beberapa lokasi. Berdasarkan Peta Kawasan Rawan Banjir Kota Surabaya tahun 2014, terdapat kawasan rawan banjir di pemukiman kampung wilayah kecamatan Jambangan akibat luapan sungai Kali Surabaya. Selain itu, menurut BAPPEKO (Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Kota Surabaya tahun 2015, terjadi pula genangan setinggi 10-40 cm di Kecamatan Wonocolo dan setinggi 10-50 cm di Kecamatan Gununganyar.Perencanaan sistem drainase Kebon Agung dilakukan dengan mengevaluasi kondisi saluran eksisting, kemudian melakukan analisis hidrologi dengan menggunakan program bantu HEC-HMS untuk mendapatkan debit banjir rencana. Sedangkan, analisis hidrolika menggunakan program bantu HEC-RAS dengan dua kali simulasi unsteady flow, yaitu simulasi kondisi saluran eksisting dan hasil perencanaan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis kondisi eksisting diperoleh bahwa genangan air terjadi karena kapasitas kapasitas saluran Kebon Agung saat ini tidak dapat mengalirkan debit banjir rencana, sehingga dibutuhkan perencanaan baru. Lebar saluran primer yang diperlukan berkisar antara 8 sampai 15 meter dengan kedalaman 3 meter, lebar saluran sekunder yang diperlukan berkisar antara 5 sampai 8 meter dengan kedalaman 2,5 meter, dan untuk lebar saluran tersier antara 1,2 sampai 2 meter dengan kedalaman 1 meter sampai 2 meter. Jumlah pompa yang dibutuhkan adalah 5 buah pompa dengan kapasitas 5 m3/detik dan 3 buah pompa dengan kapasitas 1,5 m3/detik.

  12. BALE KULKUL SEBAGAI BANGUNAN PENANDA PENDUKUNG KARAKTER KOTA BUDAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Ayu Oka Saraswati

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Bale Kulkul is a bale edifice to hang up the kulkul (wooden bell so it can function as communicative facility for Balinese community. Bale kulkul which is grouped into several types, firstly found in temples, palaces and banjar. Later in its development, bale kulkul also functions as security post, generator room, lift shaft, water tower, office for head of banjar as well as warehouse. This research focuses on the evaluation of functional development of bale kulkul happened in society due to transformation, "both-end" phenomenon and resultant of the complexities. The samples are taken from temples, palaces, banjar and tourism facilities, such as hotels, travel bureau office as well as shopping centers. With its impress tall building like a minaret, bale kulkul also function as node to support the character of cultural town Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Bale kulkul merupakan suatu bangunan bale untuk menggantung kulkul sehingga dapat berfungsi sebagai sarana komunikasi masyarakat Bali. Bale kulkul yang dikelompokkan dalam beberapa jenis, pada awalnya banyak ditemukan di pura, puri, dan banjar. Pada perkembangannya, bale kulkul juga berfungsi sebagai pos satpam, ruang genset, lift shaft, tower air, kantor kelian banjar ataupun gudang simpan. Kajian ini mengetengahkan evaluasi terhadap perkembangan fungsi bale kulkul yang terjadi di masyarakat melalui transformasi, fenomena both-and, dan resultan kompleksitas. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan di pura, puri, banjar dan fasilitas pariwisata seperti hotel, kantor biro perjalanan serta pertokoan. Dengan bentuk yang menjulang tinggi menyerupai menara, bale kulkul juga berfungsi sebagai bangunan penanda yang mendukung karakter kota budaya. Kata kunci: bale kulkul, penanda, karakter kota budaya

  13. PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU KEPALA RUMAH TANGGA TERHADAP PENGELOLAAN AIR LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA (KASUS DI KELURAHAN PEKAPURAN RAYA KECAMATAN BANJARMASIN TIMUR KOTA BANJARMASIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Hardi Cahyono

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the efforts of Banjarmasin City Government to reduce water pollution by establishing Local Company Waste Water Management, which the company functions to process and dispose of household wastewater population by installing waste water pipe network to the home population ( off site system, but still many heads of households do not take advantage of the IPAL. Based on the results of research in Kelurahan Pekapuran Raya found that public knowledge about domestic waste water are still many who do not know the household waste water. The attitude of rejection of the existence of IPAL with a variety of reasons they put forward like objection to the demolition of the road in its territory, the objections of the payment of 25% of PDAM tariffs and went along with refuse because there are influential figures in society also does not come IPAL utilize the existence of the advice given is Government should further enhance efforts to disseminate information about the management of domestic wastewater through socialization to community leaders and through media information or conduct training to the village which will be forwarded to the local community. Development of pilot areas that will both domestic waste water management, will provide definitive proof to the people who have or are still opposed to the program management of household waste water.

  14. Wasting Away: To Sludge or Not to Sludge?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L Nicolle

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Following a century of high standards of sanitation, food and water safety in North America are often taken for granted. Recent outbreaks of illness attributed to food and water contamination, however, have challenged this complacency. Now, sludge is added to the list of concerns. Sewage sludge is the muddy substance that remains after the treatment of municipal sewage. This material includes not only human waste, but also household and industrial toxic wastes disposed of in local sewers. Federal and provincial Canadian regulations support the use of this material as fertilizer, within acceptable guidelines, as does the Environmental Protection Agency in the United States. The safety of sludge, however, is questioned by some individuals and groups. Specifically, the risk of infectious agents and toxins to workers or other exposed individuals, and the potential for heavy metals and organic chemicals to be transferred from sludge-treated fields into crops are concerns.

  15. Destination Branding Kota Jember Pada Pemberitaan Jember Fashion Carnaval 2016 di Media Online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muntadliroh Muntadliroh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Jember Fashion Carnaval (JFC 2016 telah banyak diberitakan di media online selama bulan Agustus – September 2016. Karnaval tahunan ini memberikan implikasi pada upaya destination branding Kota Jember. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis isi pemberitaan JFC 2016 di media online selama bulan Agustus – September 2016. Fokus penelitian ini adalah pemaknaan teks/pesan pemberitaan JFC 2016 yang membentuk destination branding Kota Jember. Metode yang digunakan adalah content analysis dengan pendekatan kuantitatif deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberitaan JFC 2016 merepresentasikan tahapan pembangunan destination branding Kota Jember dengan sumber informasi terbanyak dari birokrat (39%, konten berita terbesar berisi topik review JFC 2016 dan penyelenggaraan JFC 2016 masing-masing sebanyak (20%, kategori berita terbanyak bertema lifestyle (40%, dan didominasi tone berita positif (70%.

  16. Sludge pretreatment chemistry evaluation: Enhanced sludge washing separation factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Colton, N.G.

    1995-03-01

    This report presents the work conducted in Fiscal Year 1994 by the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Tank Waste Treatment Science Task. The main purpose of this task, is to provide the technical basis and scientific understanding to support TWRS baseline decisions and actions, such as the development of an enhanced sludge washing process to reduce the volume of waste that will require high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. One objective within the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask was to establish wash factors for various SST (single-shell tank) sludges. First, analytical data were compiled from existing tank waste characterization reports. These data were summarized on tank-specific worksheets that provided a uniform format for reviewing and comparing data, as well as the means to verify whether the data set for each tank was complete. Worksheets were completed for 27 SST wastes. The analytical water wash data provided tank-specific information about the fraction of each component that dissolves with water, i.e., an estimate of tank-specific wash factors for evaluating tank-by-tank processing. These wash data were then used collectively to evaluate some of the wash factors that are assumed for the overall SST waste inventory; specifically, wash factors for elements that would be found primarily in sludges. The final step in this study was to incorporate the characterization and wash factor data into a spreadsheet that provides insight into the effect of enhanced sludge washing on individual tank sludges as well as for groups of sludges that may be representative of different waste types. Spreadsheet results include the estimated mass and percentage of each element that would be removed with washing and leaching. Furthermore, estimated compositions are given of the final wash and leach streams and residual solids, in terms of both concentration and dry weight percent

  17. Co-conditioning and dewatering of chemical sludge and waste activated sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, G R; Liu, J C; Lee, D J

    2001-03-01

    The conditioning and dewatering behaviors of chemical and waste activated sludges from a tannery were studied. Capillary suction time (CST), specific resistance to filtration (SRF), and bound water content were used to evaluate the sludge dewatering behaviors. Zeta potentials were also measured. Experiments were conducted on each sludge conditioned and dewatered separately, and on the sludge mixed at various ratios. Results indicate that the chemical sludge was relatively difficult to be dewatered, even in the presence of polyelectrolyte. When the waste activated sludge was mixed with the chemical sludge at ratios of 1:1 and 2:1, respectively, the dewaterability of chemical sludge improved remarkably while the relatively better dewaterability of the waste activated sludge deteriorated only to a limited extent. As the mixing ratios became 4:1 and 8:1, the dewaterability of the mixed sludge was equal to that of the waste activated sludge. The optimal polyelectrolyte dosage for the mixed sludge was equal to or less than that of the waste activated sludge. It is proposed that the chemical sludges act as skeleton builders that reduce the compressibility of the mixed sludge whose dewaterability is enhanced. Bound water contents of sludge decreased at low polyelectrolyte dosage and were not significantly affected as polyelectrolyte dosage increased. Advantages and disadvantages of co-conditioning and dewatering chemical sludge and waste activated sludge were discussed.

  18. KAWASAN CIGONDEWAH TERKAIT SARANA PRASARANA LINGKUNGAN TERBANGUN SEBAGAI KAWASAN WISATA TEKSTIL DI KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karto Wijaya

    2017-12-01

    Hadi, S. P. (2001. Manusia dan Lingkungan. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro. Jaya, I. (2007. Pengelolaan Lingkungan Kawasan Wisata Danau Lebo Kecamatan Taliwang Kabupaten Sumbawa Barat. Universitas Diponegoro. Sudjarto, D. (1985. Diktat Kuliah Perencanaan Kota Baru. Bandung: ITB. Sugandhy, A. (1999. Penataan Ruang dalam Pengelolaan Lingkungan hidup. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Undang-undang No. 9 tahun 1990. (1990. Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomo 9 tahun 1990. Wijaya, K., Setioko, B., & Murtini, T. W. (2015. Pengaruh Perubahan Fungsi Lingkungan Binaan terhadap Citra Kawasan Wisata Tekstil Cigondewah Kota Bandung. Jurnal Arsitektur Komposisi, 11(2, 67–75. Retrieved from ojs.uay.ac.id

  19. Steam generator sludge removal apparatus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schafer, B.W.; Werner, C.E.; Klahn, F.C.

    1992-01-01

    The present invention relates to equipment for cleaning steam generators and in particular to a high pressure fluid lance for cleaning sludge off the steam generator tubes away from an open tube lane. 6 figs

  20. Processing method for radioactive sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shoji, Yuichi; Kaneko, Masaaki.

    1993-01-01

    The concentration of radioactive sludges contained in a storage tank is controlled, thereafter, a filter is charged into a processing vessel to continuously conduct dewatering. Then, the radioactive sludges and an oxidizer are mixed by stirring using a stirring impeller and by vibrations using a vibrator. At the same time, thermic rays are irradiated by using infrared ray lamps to heat and decompose them. Since thermic rays reach the center of the radioactive sludges by the infrared ray lamps, ion exchange resins are sufficiently decomposed and carbonized into inorganic material. Then, a filling hardener such as mortar cement having a good flowability is charged to solidify the wastes. With such procedures, radioactive sludges can be stored under a stable condition for a long period of time by decomposing organic materials into inorganic materials and solidifying them. Further, an operator's radiation exposure dose can remarkably be reduced by applying a predetermined and a stabilization treatment in an identical processing vessel. (N.H.)

  1. Municipal sludge disposal economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, J L [SRI International, Menlo Park, CA; Bomberger, Jr, D C; Lewis, F M

    1977-10-01

    Costs for disposal of sludges from a municipal wastewater treatment plant normally represents greater than or equal to 25% of the total plant operating cost. The following 5 sludge handling options are considered: chemical conditioning followed by vacuum filtration, and incineration; high-pressure wet-air oxidation and vacuum filtration or filter press prior to incineration; thermal conditioning, vacuum filtraton, and incineration; high-pressure wet-air oxidation and vacuum filtration, with ash to landfill; aerobic or anaerobic digestion, followed by chemical conditioning, vacuum filtration, and disposal on land; and chemical conditioning, followed by a filter press, flash dryer, and sale as fertilizer. The 1st 2 options result in the ultimate disposal of small amounts of ash in a landfill; the digestion options require a significant landfill; the fertilizer option requires a successful marketing and sales effort. To compare the economies of scale for the options, analyses were performed for 3 plant capacities - 10, 100, and 500 mgd; as plant size increases, the economies of scale for incineration system are quite favorable. The anaerobic digestion system has a poorer capital cost-scaling factor. The incinerator options which start with chemical conditioning consume much less electrical power at all treatment plant sizes; incinerator after thermal conditioning uses more electricity but less fuel. Digestion requires no direct external fossil fuel input. The relative use of fuel is constant at all plant sizes for other options. The incinerator options can produce a significant amount of steam which may be used. The anaerobic digestion process can be a significant net producer of fuel gas.

  2. Enhanced sludge washing evaluation plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, R.D.

    1994-09-01

    The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program mission is to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford Site waste (current and future tank waste and the strontium/cesium capsules) in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The scope of the TWRS Waste Pretreatment Program is to treat tank waste and separate that waste into HLW and LLW fractions and provide additional treatment as required to feed LLW and HLW immobilization facilities. Enhanced sludge washing was chosen as the baseline process for separating Hanford tank waste sludge. Section 1.0 briefly discusses the purpose of the evaluation plan and provides the background that led to the choice of enhanced sludge washing as the baseline process. Section 2.0 provides a brief summary of the evaluation plan details. Section 3.0 discusses, in some detail, the technical work planned to support the evaluation of enhanced sludge washing. Section 4.0 briefly discusses the potential important of policy issues to the evaluation. Section 5.0 discusses the methodology to be used in the evaluation process. Section 6.0 summarizes the milestones that have been defined to complete the enhanced sludge washing evaluation and provides a summary schedule to evaluate the performance of enhanced sludge washing. References are identified in Section 7.0, and additional schedule and milestone information is provided in the appendices.

  3. Enhanced sludge washing evaluation plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jensen, R.D.

    1994-09-01

    The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program mission is to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford Site waste (current and future tank waste and the strontium/cesium capsules) in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The scope of the TWRS Waste Pretreatment Program is to treat tank waste and separate that waste into HLW and LLW fractions and provide additional treatment as required to feed LLW and HLW immobilization facilities. Enhanced sludge washing was chosen as the baseline process for separating Hanford tank waste sludge. Section 1.0 briefly discusses the purpose of the evaluation plan and provides the background that led to the choice of enhanced sludge washing as the baseline process. Section 2.0 provides a brief summary of the evaluation plan details. Section 3.0 discusses, in some detail, the technical work planned to support the evaluation of enhanced sludge washing. Section 4.0 briefly discusses the potential important of policy issues to the evaluation. Section 5.0 discusses the methodology to be used in the evaluation process. Section 6.0 summarizes the milestones that have been defined to complete the enhanced sludge washing evaluation and provides a summary schedule to evaluate the performance of enhanced sludge washing. References are identified in Section 7.0, and additional schedule and milestone information is provided in the appendices

  4. PENGARUH GOOD PUBLIC GOVERNANCE (GPG TERHADAP KINERJA GURU EKONOMI SMA/MA NEGERI DI KOTA SALATIGA, KABUPATEN SEMARANG, DAN KOTA SEMARANG DENGAN TEACHER’S WORK ENGAGEMENT (TWE SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fahmi Johan Syah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The research investigates the influence of good public governance toward economics teacher’s performance in Kota Salatiga, Kabupaten Semarang dan Kota Semarang with teacher’s work engagement as intervening variable. The population of this study is all economics teachers in Kota Salatiga, Kabupaten Semarang and Kota Semarang. Descriptive and path analysis are used to estimate and interpret the results. There are three findings in this research. Firstly, Good Public Governance influences economics teacher’s performance indirectly and totally with teacher’s work engagement as intervening variable. Secondly, economics teacher’s performance is not significantly influenced by good public governance directly. The last finding is that teacher’s work engagement influence economics teacher’s performance directly. On the other words, good public governance increases economics teacher’s work engagement, in doing so influence economics teacher’s performance.

  5. Heating value characteristics of sewage sludge: a comparative study of different sludge types

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Young-JU.; Kang, Hae-Ok.; Qureshi, T.I.

    2005-01-01

    Heating value characteristics of three different types of sludge, i.e. domestic sewage sludge, industrial sludge, and industrial + domestic sewage sludge were investigated. Industrial + domestic sewage sludge (thickened) showed the highest heating value (5040 kcal/kg) than other sludge types. This may be due to increased amount of organic matter presents in thickened sludge than de-watered sludge. A gradual increase in organic matter of the sludge was observed with the increase of the moisture contents. Heating value of the sludge having 60% moisture contents was found in the range between 924-1656 kcal/kg and this amount was higher than the minimum heating value (800 kcal/kg) required sustaining auto thermal combustion in sludge incineration process. Energy consumption requirement for pre drying sludge operations revealed that industrial sludge (de-watered) required the minimum cost (13 $/ton of sludge) to make it a sludge of fuel grade (60% W), while mixed sludge cost the highest amount for its pre-drying operations. (author)

  6. Pentachlorophenol (PCP) sludge recycling unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-08-01

    The Guelph Utility Pole Company treats utility poles by immersion in pentachlorophenol (PCP) or by pressure treatment with chromated copper arsenate (CCA). The PCP treatment process involves a number of steps, each producing a certain amount of sludge and other wastes. In a plant upgrading program to improve processing and treatment of poles and to reduce and recycle waste, a PCP recovery unit was developed, first as an experimental pilot-scale unit and then as a full-scale unit. The PCP recovery unit is modular in design and can be modified to suit different requirements. In a recycling operation, the sludge is pumped through a preheat system (preheated by waste heat) and suspended solids are removed by a strainer. The sludge is then heated in a tank and at a predetermined temperature it begins to separate into its component parts: oil, steam, and solids. The steam condenses to water containing low amounts of light oil, and this water is pumped through an oil/water separator. The recovered oil is reused in the wood treatment process and the water is used in the CCA plant. The oil remaining in the tank is reused in PCP treatment and the solid waste, which includes small stones and wood particles, is removed and stored. By the third quarter of operation, the recovery unit was operating as designed, processing ca 10,000 gal of sludge. This sludge yielded 6,500 gal of water, 3,500 gal of oil, and ca 30 gal of solids. Introduction of the PCP sludge recycling system has eliminated long-term storage of PCP sludge and minimized costs of hazardous waste disposal. 4 figs

  7. The hydraulic transportation of thickened sludges

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    driniev

    non-Newtonian sludges (Xu et al., 1993; Spinosa and Lotita, 2001; .... [11]. Analysis and typical applications. Laminar/turbulent transition. For most sewage sludges the ... on Transport and Sedimentation of Solid Particles - Ghent, September.

  8. Microbiological aspects of granular methanogenic sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolfing, J.

    1987-01-01

    The settling characteristics of anaerobic sludge are enhanced by the formation of microbial conglomerates. Various types of conglomerates having different structures, were distinguished in the present study, viz. granules, pellets and flocs (chapter 1). Granular methanogenic sludge, often

  9. Radiation hygienization of raw sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shah, M.R.; Lavale, D.S.; Rawat, P.; Benny, P.G.; Sharma, A.K.; Dey, G.R.; Bhave, V.

    2001-01-01

    'Radiation treatment of municipal sewage sludge can achieve resource conservation and recovery objectives. The liquid sludge irradiator of Sludge Hygienization Research Irradiator at Baroda (India) was operated for generating data on treatment of raw sludge containing 3-4 % solids. The plant system was modified for irradiating raw sludge without affecting basic irradiator initially designed to treat digested sludge. Hourly samples were analysed for estimation of disinfection dose requirement. Sand separated from the sludge was used as in-situ dosimeter by making use of its thermoluminescence property. Investigations are being carried out for regrowth of Total Coliforms in the sludge samples from this irradiator. Possibility of inadequate treatment due to geometric configuration of irradiator is being checked. (author)

  10. Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Keberadaan Signage (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah)

    OpenAIRE

    Nopemberi, Andri; Suprapti, Atiek; Murtomo, Bambang Adji

    2015-01-01

    Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space). Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign...

  11. Analisis Neraca Air Lahan untuk Tanaman Padi dan Jagung Di Kota Bengkulu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaka A. I. Paski

    2018-01-01

    Citation: Paski, J.A.I., Faski, G.I.S.L., Handoyo, M.F. dan Pertiwi, D.A.S. (2017. Analisis Neraca Air Lahan untuk Tanaman Padi dan Jagung di Kota Bengkulu. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 15(2, 83-89, doi:10.14710/jil.15.2.83-89

  12. KAJIAN KONSEP PENATAAN KAWASAN KOTA LAMA KENDARI BERDASARKAN IDENTITAS DAN CITRA KOTANYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Nurjannah

    2017-12-01

    Riski, C., Antariksa., Surjono., (2009. Pelestarian Kampung Kemasan Kota Lama Gresik. Arsitektur e-Journal, Vol. 2 No. 2. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang. Shirvani, Hamid (1985. The  Urban Design Process.  Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. Lynch, Kevin (1960. The Image of The City. MIT Press. Cambridge. MA

  13. POLA SPASIAL DAN SISTIM JALAN DARI KOTA CAKRANEGARA DAN PROBOLINGGO SEBUAH PERBANDINGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Cakranegara in Lombok and Problinggo in north coast of east Java are two unique cities. Cakranegara was planned by Hindu-Bali cosmology. Probolinggo was planned by a rational thinking for economic and political thinking for Dutch Colonial government at that time. Althought one and other don't have directly relationship but casualy both of them used grid patern. Because of the difference background concept of urban design and the difference of social and geography condition, so pattern of the spatial town also very different. Cakranegara and Probolinggo are two example of urban planning that attractive to be comparised. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Cakranegara di Pulau Lombok dan Probolinggo di pantai Utara Jawa Timur, adalah dua kota yang sangat unik. Cakranegara di rencanakan berdasarkan kosmologi Hindu-Bali. Probolinggo di rencanakan berdasarkan pemikiran yang rasional untuk tujuan ekonomi dan politik bagi masyarakat kolonial Belanda waktu itu. Meskipun tidak ada hubungan satu sama lain secara langsung, tapi secara kebetulan kedua kota ini menggunakan grid sebagai pola sistim jalannya. Karena latar belakang konsep perancangan kota yang berbeda, keadaan sosial dan geografis yang berbeda pula, maka pola penataan spasial kotanya pun sangat berbeda. Cakranegara dan Probolinggo adalah dua contoh perencanaan kota yang sangat menarik untuk di bandingkan Kata Kunci : Cakranegara, Probolinggo, Pola Spasial, Sistim Jalan.

  14. Studi Deskriptif Penerpan Servicescapes pada Restoran Waroeng Bamboe Kota Batu Menurut Persepsi Konsumen

    OpenAIRE

    Angelina, Sherend Lia

    2013-01-01

    Servicescape berperan penting dalam kemajuan hubungan Perusahaan dengan konsumen maupun karyawan, produk dan jasa di desain menjadi satu kesatuan yang memberikan image tertentu sehingga mampu menarik reaksi emosional konsumen, karena itu servicescape sangat penting dalam pembentukan kesan atau awal dalam membentuk harapan konsumen. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan persepsi konsumen terhadap servicescapes pada restoran Waroeng Bamboe Kota Batu, dengan menggunakan 3 dimensi da...

  15. Pengaruh Peranan Franchisor Terhadap Suksesnya Bisnis Franchise Pada Alfamart Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Fathia, Syarifah

    2016-01-01

    120502362 Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh peran franchisor terhadap keberhasilan usaha bisnis franchise pada Alfamart Kota Medan. Data primer dikumpulkan melalui wawancara yang dilakukan pada Franchisor dan Franchisee Darusalam Medan. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 2 orang yaitu Franchise Relation Alfamart Medan dan Franchisee Darusalam Medan. Hasil penelitian secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa peran franchisor seperti training, support service, co...

  16. Kota Bharu Islamic City – The Concept of a New Cultural Tourism Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Nasir M.R.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic city in the eyes of tourists, with focus on recent trends affecting Malay cultural landscape and urban planning issues in Kelantan. The aims of this study are to introduce the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic City as the new cultural tourism product in Malaysia as well as to enhance the reputation of the concept at the highest peak and Malay community development in Malaysia by using multiple methods including literature review, site observation and document analysis. The Kelantan Malay heritage should be highlighted as a main consideration in the future planning to avoid further damage or loss of valuable heritage. Finally, a regional vernacular tradition should be set as the focal point in making of the Islamic City of Kota Bharu without mimicking from other Islamic countries and subsequently the concept of the Kota Bharu Islamic City to be promoted as a new cultural tourism product in Malaysia will be successful.

  17. Pemeliharaan Anjing oleh Masyarakat Kota Denpasar yang Berkaitan dengan Faktor Risiko Rabies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorteany Mayani Kakang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sistem pemeliharaan anjing masyarakat Kota Denpasar yang berisiko terhadap penularan rabies serta pemahaman masyarakat tentang bahaya penyakit rabies. Metode yang dipakai adalah survei terhadap responden atau pemilik anjing di Kota Denpasar, meliputi tiga kecamatan yaitu Kecamatan Denpasar Barat, Denpasar Timur dan Denpasar Utara. Penelitian ini menggunakan 140 responden sebagai sampel yaitu 50 responden di Denpasar Barat, 60 responden di Denpasar Timur dan 30 responden di Denpasar Utara. Wawancara dilakukan dengan bantuan kuisioner (closed ended dan open ended. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem pemeliharaan anjing masyarakat Kota Denpasar relatif baik namun ada sejumlah faktor risiko rabies yang perlu diwaspadai seperti anjing peliharaan berkontak dengan anjing lain, memelihara HPR (Hewan Pembawa Rabies selain anjing dan sistem pemeliharaan dengan cara dilepas. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa sistem pemeliharaan anjing oleh sebagian besar masyarakat Kota Denpasar relatif baik. namun ada sejumlah faktor risiko rabies yang perlu diwaspadai seperti kontak dengan anjing lain, memelihara HPR lain dan pemeliharaan yang dilepasliarkan.

  18. Project Based Learning (PjBL) Practices at Politeknik Kota Bharu, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Md. Baharuddin Haji Abdul; Daud, Khairul Azhar Mat; Jusoff, Kamaruzaman; Ghani, Nik Azida Abd

    2009-01-01

    This study explores the utilization of Project-based Learning module in the subject of project development for the Mechanical Engineering students at Politeknik Kota Bharu. This study focuses on the development of the PjBL module based on socio-constructivist approach. The objective of this study is to explore the influence of the utilization of…

  19. Perancangan Dan Implementasi Quadcopter Untuk Foto Udara Objek-objek Wisata Di Kota Palembang

    OpenAIRE

    Puspasari, Shinta; Rahman, Abdul; Hermanto, Dedy

    2014-01-01

    Tulis ini menjelaskan rancang bangun sistem kendali quadcopter dengan muatan kamera foto yang digunakan untuk pengambilan objek wisata di kota Palembang. Quadcopter dapat digunakan untuk pengambilan foto di udara disebabkan bentuk quadcopter yang sederhana, kecil, dan mempunyai kemampuan terbang tinggi mencapai 200 meter. Selain itu biaya operasional quadcopter ini cukup murah, karena sumber penggeraknya menggunakan baterai yang bisa bertahan hingga ...

  20. Ekonomi Politik Penyelesaian Konflik Batas Daerah Antara Kota Cirebon dan Kabupaten Cirebon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Firmansyah

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Batas daerah menjadi isu yang sangat penting sejak era otonomi daerah berlangsung di Indonesia. Pemerintah daerah menjadi terdorong untuk mengetahui secara pasti batas-batas wilayah kewenangannya terutama yang memiliki potensi sumber daya yang mendukung pendapatan asli daerah dalam menjalankan otonomi daerah. Konflik batas daerah mengacu pada konflik yang terjadi antara pemerintah daerah pada tingkatan yang sama dalam rangka perebutan batas daerah. Konflik batas daerah antara Kabupaten Cirebon dan Kota Cirebon sudah berlangsung sejak tahun 1988. Berlarut-larutnya penyelesaian konflik batas daerah ini berkaitan dengan ekonomi politik yang ada di tujuh titik batas yang masih disengketakan. Permasalahan yang diteliti adalah asal mula/titik pangkal terjadinya konflik batas daerah dan perkembangan penyelesaian konflik batas daerah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif dan analisis data yang yang digunakan adalah model interaktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lamanya penyelesaian konflik antara Kota Cirebon dan Kabupaten Cirebon disebabkan oleh faktor sumber daya khususnya aspek ekonomi di tujuh titik batas daerah yang disengketakan. Pada dasarnya asal mula/titik pangkal terjadinya konflik batas daerah ini disebabkan oleh perbedaan penafsiran pembentukan kota/kabupaten, undang-undang pembentukan kota/kabupaten yang tidak mencantumkan batas-batas daerahnya, kebijakan pelurusan sungai, perbedaan peta dasar acuan, tidak ada koordinasi antardaerah, ketiadaan regenerasi kepemimpinan yang baik, dan pengaruh pembangunan DKI Jakarta. Konflik menjadi rumit karena dipengaruhi beberapa faktor yaitu kepentingan, kebijakan, dan kelembagaan.

  1. DAMPAK PENGOPERASIAN INDUSTRI TERHADAP KUALITAS UDARA DAN KEBISINGAN DI KAWASAN SIMONGAN KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenuri Zaenuri

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Pengoperasian industri berpotensi menimbulkan dampak terhadap penurunan kualitas udara dan peningkatan kebisingan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak pengoperasian industri terhadap kualitas udara dan kebisingan. Penelitian dilakukan di Kawasan Industri Simongan Kota Semarang. Data penelitian merupakan data sekunder, berupa hasil pengujian emisi dan udara ambien, serta kebisingan yang diperoleh yang dilakukan perusahaan, kemudian dilakukan cross check dengan Badan Lingkungan Hidup (BLH Kota Semarang dan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif-komparatif dan inferensial dengan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, pengoperasian industri relatif tidak berdampak pada penurunan kualitas udara di Kawasan Simongan Kota Semarang. Hasil pengujian semua parameter kunci pada periode 20042009 menunjukkan, konsentrasi semua parameter kunci berada di bawah baku mutu yang ditetapkan, sehingga udara ambien di Kawasan Simongan relatif tidak tercemar. Hasil pengujian tingkat kebisingan permukiman di Kawasan Simongan berada di atas baku mutu, khususnya untuk tahun 2005-2008, tetapi hasil uji-t menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan yang signfikan antara tingkat kebisingan hasil pengukuran dengan baku mutu permukiman. Dengan demikian pengoperasian industri relatif tidak berdampak pada peningkatan kebisingan di Kawasan Simongan Kota Semarang.

  2. Biological sludge solubilisation for reduction of excess sludge production in wastewater treatment process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, T; Yao, Y; Kihara, Y

    2006-01-01

    A novel sludge disintegration system (JFE-SD system) was developed for the reduction of excess sludge production in wastewater treatment plants. Chemical and biological treatments were applied to disintegrate excess sludge. At the first step, to enhance biological disintegration, the sludge was pretreated with alkali. At the second step, the sludge was disintegrated by biological treatment. Many kinds of sludge degrading microorganisms integrated the sludge. The efficiency of the new sludge disintegration system was confirmed in a full-scale experiment. The JFE-SD system reduced excess sludge production by approximately 50% during the experimental period. The quality of effluent was kept at quite a good level. Economic analysis revealed that this system could significantly decrease the excess sludge treatment cost.

  3. The role and control of sludge age in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekama, G A

    2010-01-01

    The sludge age is the most fundamental and important parameter in the design, operation and control of biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge (AS) systems. Generally, the better the effluent and waste sludge quality required from the system, the longer the sludge age, the larger the biological reactor and the more wastewater characteristics need to be known. Controlling the reactor concentration does not control sludge age, only the mass of sludge in the system. When nitrification is a requirement, sludge age control becomes a requirement and the secondary settling tanks can no longer serve the dual purpose of clarifier and waste activated sludge thickeners. The easiest and most practical way to control sludge age is with hydraulic control by wasting a defined proportion of the reactor volume daily. In AS plants with reactor concentration control, nitrification fails first. With hydraulic control of sludge age, nitrification will not fail, rather the plant fails by shedding solids over the secondary settling tank effluent weirs.

  4. EVALUASI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN PARKIR Studi Kasus: Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrawan Toni Taruno

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to discuss the parking policy in Semarang which has not been managed properly. In general, the condition of parking management in Semarang is still quite bad. This is indicated by the poor parking service provided and the low amount of parking retribution every year. During 2011 - 2012 for example, the revenue realization of parking retribution was only about 1.3 billion rupiah from the target of about 4.8 billion rupiah, or only about 25 percent of the target set. This condition was worsened by parking services that were very uncomfortable and unsatisfactory. This research used a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The author used secondary data which was obtained from PATTIRO Kota Semarang. This study focuses on parking policy in Semarang by describing the condition of parking management which already exists and discussing revenue gap between target and realization from parking retribution. By analizing data, the authors argued that the main problem of parking management in Semarang is the weak implementation of the Regional Regulation on parking retribution. In addition, the parking policy managed by local Government tends to be unsatisfactory, potentially leaky, and the realization is far from the target set. Therefore, in order to solve the parking problems, the local Government must seriously implement the local regulation of parking retribution and rearrange the parking management which already exists.

  5. PENGEMBANGAN MODUL LATIHAN FORGIVENESS UNTUK SISWA SMA DI KOTA MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Dwi Yudhianto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a training modules forgiveness based on the appraisement of experts (reviewers and high school student's response to the training modules forgiveness that have been developed. This study adapting the model development of Borg and Gall (1983, while the structure of the writing module refers to the guide preparation of module which prepared by the Director General module PMPTK (2008. The results of this study are drafting a training module forgiveness for senior high school students in Malang. Based appraisement materials experts, media specialists, and linguists classified as good, according to school counselors classified very good and yield response of students classified as good. So, that these modules worthy be used in the awarding of guidance services in schools. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan modul latihan forgiveness  berdasarkan penilaian para ahli (reviewer dan respon siswa SMA terhadap Modul latihan forgiveness yang telah dikembangkan. Penelitian ini mengadaptasi model pengembangan Borg and gall (1983, sedangkan struktur penulisan modul mengacu pada panduan penyusunan modul yang disusun oleh dirjen PMPTK (2008. Hasil penelitian ini adalah tersusunnya modul latihan forgiveness untuk siswa SMA di Kota Malang yang berdasarkan penilaian ahli materi, ahli media, dan ahli bahasa tergolong baik, menurut konselor sekolah tergolong sangat baik dan hasil respon siswa tergolong baik. sehingga modul ini layak digunakan dalam pemberian layanan bimbingan di sekolah.

  6. KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL ANGGOTA GENG MOTOR DI KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purwanti Hadisiwi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi makna diri anggota geng motor, pengharapan anggota geng motor akan diri yang ideal, dan dinamika pembentukan makna diri geng motor yang meliputi latar belakang komunikasi dengan keluarga, sesama anggota geng motor, dan lingkungan sekitar mereka. Kejahatan geng motor selalu meresahkan masyarakat karena kebrutalannya dalam merusak dan membunuh korban tanpa alasan yang jelas. Pola kejahatannya sama, yaitu dengan mengendarai sepeda motor, mereka merusak dan merampok mini market atau mengejar korban yang tidak bersalah, melukai atau bahkan membunuhnya. Melalui wawancara mendalam terhadap sembilan informan, penelitian ini mencoba membangun realitas geng motor di Kota Bandung. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebelum bergabung dengan geng motor, mereka melihat dirinya biasa saja, namun setelah bergabung dengan geng motor mereka merasa diri “pang aingna”. Anggota geng motor secara kognitif sebenarnya menyadari kalau diri yang ideal adalah menjadi “pemuda baik-baik” seperti yang diharapkan masyarakat. Namun, interaksi dengan teman-teman dalam geng motornya membuat mereka berperilaku “ideal” versi kelompok itu. Selain itu, tidak sepenuhnya benar anggapan tentang anggota geng motor berasal dari keluarga “broken home” namun, komunikasi dalam keluarga memang sangat minim.

  7. PROGRESSIVE LAW ENFORCEMENT TOWARDS HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION IN KOTA KUPANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joni Efraim Liunima

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Copyright is creator intellectual wealth so it needs to be protected by the State as a form of responsibility. Responding that problem comes into the world Law Number 28 Year 2014 concerning Copyrights and all violations in UUHC is formulated as delict complaint. Consequence of delict complaint is not all of copyright violations can be asked for the responsibility because law agencies are passive and limited by space and time. Answering that jurisdictional problem then researcher used empirical law research method. The result showed that civil servants investigator (PPNS Kanwil Kemenkumham NTT and also Kupang Kota Police Resort have done progressive step such as appealing, warning, calling, making statement, stocktaking and confiscation whereas the obstacle factor of progressive law enforcement is knowledge, mindset and in the formula of UUHC there is no section which formulate what the step can be done if criminal matters happen so the suggestions given is law enforcement agencies need an explanation about progressive law enforcement and it is better if in UUHC need to be formulated a step which will be taken if criminal matters happen

  8. Pembangunan Sistem Informasi Geografis Lapangan Futsal Kota Padang Berbasis Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris Suryamen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Olahraga futsal adalah olahraga dengan lapangan tertutup dan menjadi salah satu olahraga yang paling banyak diminati dari semua kalangan. Kota Padang memiliki fasilitas lapangan futsal yang cukup banyak, namun tidak semua lapangan beroperasi dengan baik disebabkan ketidaktahuan masyarakat dengan lokasi lapangan futsal. Maka dibutuhkan sistem informasi berbasis web menggunakan Google Maps API, sehingga masyarakat dapat mengakses informasi kapanpun dengan koneksi internet. Proses pembangunan aplikasi menggunakan metode waterfall yang terdiri dari tahap analisis, perancangan, implementasi, dan pengujian. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan cara wawancara dan pengambilan titik menggunakan aplikasi Latitude Longitude Coordinates pada smartphone. Data akan dibagi menjadi data spasial dan atribut untuk memenuhi kebutuhan fungsional dari sistem yang akan dibangun.Perancangan sistem dibangun dengan menggambarkan arsitektur aplikasi, rancangan tampilan aplikasi dan rancangan database. Implementasi menggunakan basis data PostgreSQL dan ekstensi PostGIS untuk pengolahan data spasial. Bahasa pemograman yang digunakan untuk membangun aplikasi yaitu PHP, Javascript, dan HTML. Pengujian aplikasi menggunakan metode blackbox. Hasil dari pengujian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi telah memenuhi  sembilan fungsional yang dibutuhkan dan sesuai dengan perancangan aplikasi.

  9. TRANSPARANSI PENGELOLAAN KEUANGAN DAERAH DI DINAS KESEHATAN KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahril Fahril

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study to determine the transparency of financial management at the Health Agency of Makassar. This type of research is descriptive qualitative approach and the type used is phenomenological. The results showed that there is a supply of information with clarity indicator procedures, clarity of costs are not transparent. There is easy access to information with indicators of the ease of getting information directly or indirectly. There are complaints mechanism for complaints to the service users. publication activities on mass media activity has been carried out but not optimal in non-governmental institutions. Efforts made in the Makassar Health Agency financial liability in accordance with applicable regulations. To ensure internal and external transparency Makassar Health Agency has been building websites as a medium of socialization and dissemination of financial accountability.   Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui transparansi pengelolaan keuangan pada Dinas Kesehatan Kota Makassar. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dan tipe yang digunakan yaitu fenomenologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat penyediaan informasi dengan indikator kejelasan prosedur-prosedur, kejelasan biaya-biaya belum transparan. Ada kemudahan akses informasi dengan indikator kemudahan mendapatkan informasi langsung maupun tidak langsung. Tersedia mekanisme pengaduan untuk komplain kepada pengguna layanan . kegiatan publikasi kegiatan pada media massa telah dilakukan namun belum optimal pada lembaga non pemerintah. Upaya yang dilakukan Dinas Kesehatan dalam pertanggungjawaban keuangan telah sesuai dengan regulasi yang berlaku. Untuk menjamin trasparansi internal dan eksternal Dinas Kesehatan Makassar telah membangun website sebagai media sosialisasi dan diseminasi pertanggungjawaban keuangan.

  10. Modification of water treatment plant at Heavy Water Plant (Kota)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gajpati, C.R.; Shrivastava, C.S.; Shrivastava, D.C.; Shrivastava, J.; Vithal, G.K.; Bhowmick, A.

    2008-01-01

    Heavy Water Production by GS process viz. H 2 S - H 2 O bi-thermal exchange process requires a huge quantity of demineralized (DM) water as a source of deuterium. Since the deuterium recovery of GS process is only 18-19%, the water treatment plant (WTP) was designed and commissioned at Heavy Water Plant (Kota) to produce demineralized water at the rate of 680 m 3 /hr. The WTP was commissioned in 1980 and till 2005; the plant was producing DM water of required quality. It was having three streams of strong cation resin, atmospheric degasser and strong anion exchange resin with co-current regeneration. In 2001 a new concept of layered bed resin was developed and engineered for water treatment plant. The concept was attractive in terms of saving of chemicals and thus preservation of environment. Being an ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 plant, the modification of WTP was executed in 2005 during major turn around. After modification, a substantial amount of acid and alkali is saved

  11. KERENTANAN KAWASAN TEPI AIR TERHADAP KENAIKAN PERMUKAAN AIR LAUT Kasus Kawasan Tepi Air Kota Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Suprijanto

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Even though global warming are still debates whether it will or not be happened, the changes on climate will influence activities of human. Regarding global warming issue, one of the impact that is very interesting to be investigated is sea level rise. Sea level rise is predicted has very big impact since, in general, in coastal areas locate a lot of important activities for such city or country. On the context of Indonesian locality, most of big cities such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Semarang, Makasar, etc. are located on the coastal area. Since a lot of important activities located on those cities, in general, sea level rise will influence the development processes of those cities. On the basis of the observation gathering in Surabaya City, the impact of sea level rise will influence not only the development of coastal area but also development of Surabaya City in general. The influence is because the area accommodates activities which are very important in city development both for present and future. The activities are port, industrial estate and location for new housing. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Terlepas dari ketidakpastian mengenai terjadi atau tidaknya pemanasan global, setiap perubahan iklim di bumi akan memberikan dampak terhadap kelangsungan hidup manusia. Salah satu kajian yang saat ini banyak dilakukan berkaitan dengan isu pemanasan global adalah mengenai kenaikan permukaan air laut. Pengkajian mengenai kenaikan permukaan air laut tersebut penting mengingat dampak yang akan ditimbulkannya dan dengan kenyataan secara umum kawasan tepi air memegang peranan penting dalam perkembangan suatu kota ataupun negara. Hal ditandai dengan banyaknya aktivitas yang berlokasi di kawasan tepi air. Kondisi geografis Indonesia dengan duapertiga bagian wilayahnya adalah perairan, menjadikan Indonesia memiliki garis pantai terpanjang di dunia. Hal tersebut menjadikan pula beberapa bagian wilayah di Indonesia merupakan kawasan pesisir atau tepi air

  12. Integral study of sewage sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    Sewage sludges are the by-product generated during the treatment process of waste water, and they are conformed by a solid phase which origin is the accumulation of pollutant materials which has been added to water during natural and anthropogenic activities. Its handling is one of the most serious problems faced by water treatment plants which involve the production, gathering, transportation, re utilization and final disposal of sewage sludges. The main purpose of this project is to perform a technical evaluation of the process of sewage sludge irradiation for its possible application as a choice for treatment and final disposal. Irradiation with gammas from Cobalt-60 shows effectiveness in disinfestation of sewage sludges, since they reduce six times the microbial population with a 7 KGy dose. In like manners with doses of 10 KGy is possible to bring down in 70 % the concentration of organic compounds, as well as to eliminate the presence of 6 to 22 organic compounds on samples of sewage sludges. The whole content of this work is presented in six sections: Introduction, Antecedents, Methodology, Conclusions, Suggestions and Bibliography. (Author)

  13. Perencanaan Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus: Rw 01, Kelurahan Sumurboto, Kecamatan Banyumanik, Kota Semarang)

    OpenAIRE

    Utami, Dalliani; Siwi Handayani, Dwi; Syafrudin, Syafrudin

    2015-01-01

    [Community-Based Integrated Solid Waste Management Planning (Case Study: RW 01 Kelurahan Sumurboto, Kecamatan Banyumanik Kota Semarang)]Solid waste is form of a waste that had to be well-managed in order to prevented it from endanger the environment and also to protected public investment. According to observation in Kelurahan Sumurboto, the solid waste management still hasn't met the requirement of Perda Kota Semarang Nomor 6 Tahun 2012 about solid waste management which was unmanaged waste...

  14. Pemodelan Spasial untuk Pembuatan Peta Rawan Banjir dan Peta Tingkat Risiko Banjir Bengawan Solo di Kota Surakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Cahyono, Toto; Hadi, Mohammad Pramono; Mardiatno, Djati

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan pemodelan spasial untuk menyusun Peta Bahaya Banjir dan Peta Tingkat Risiko Banjir akibat luapan Bengawan Solo di Kota Surakarta. Lokasi penelitian meliputi penggal alur Bengawan Solo di wilayah Kota Surakarta. Metode penelitian yaitu dengan analisis hidrograf, pemodelan banjir, analisis potensi bahaya banjir, analisis kerentanan banjir, dan analisis tingkat risiko banjir. Analisis hidrograf dilakukan dengan menghitung debit puncak rancangan, a...

  15. Tinjauan Kriminologis Tentang Kejahatan Pencurian Kendaraan Bermotor (Studi Kasus Di Kota Makassar Pada Tahun 2007-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadani, Neny Riski

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRAK NENY RISKI RAMADANI (B111 08 305), ???Tinjauan Kriminologis Tentang Kejahatan Pencurian Kendaraan Bermotor (Studi Kasus Di Kota Makassar Pada Tahun 2007-2011) ??? di bawah bimbingan Bapak H.M. Imran Arief, sebagai pembimbing I dan Ibu Hj. Nur Azisa, sebagai pembimbing II. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang menyebabkan terjadinya pencurian kendaraan bermotor di kota Makassar dalam kurun waktu lima tahun terakhir, serta untuk mengetahui upaya-up...

  16. Excess sludge reduction in activated sludge processes by integrating ultrasound treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez-Elvira, S.; Fdz-Polanco, M.; Plaza, F. I.; Garralon, G.; Fdz-Polanco, F.

    2009-01-01

    Biological sludge produced in the activated sludge process can be minimised modifying the water line, the sludge line or the final disposal strategy. Selecting the water line the general idea is to reduce the sludge producing the yield coefficient by means of the called lysis cryptic growth process. The main techniques referenced in literature are onization, chlorination and chemical and heat treatment. Ultrasounds are widely used to increase anaerobic biodegradability but are not reported as system to control excess sludge production. (Author)

  17. ANALISIS VEGETASI DAN VISUALISASI STRUKTUR VEGETASI HUTAN KOTA BARUGA, KOTA KENDARI Vegetation Analysis and Visualization of vegetation Structure Baruga Urban Forest, Kendari City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulkarnain Zulkarnain

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi, struktur dan tingkat keragaman vegetasi di Hutan Kota Baruga, Kota Kendari. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode sensus. Data dianalisis untuk memperoleh Indeks Nilai Penting (INP dan Index Keanekaragaman Shannon-Wiener (H'. Software Sexi-FS digunakan untuk mendapatkan visualisasi distribusi vegetasi dan stratifikasi lapisan tajuk yang menyerupai kondisi lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi vegetasi disusun oleh 76 spesies yang terkelompok dalam 29 famili dengan jumlah total 8.296 individu untuk semua spesies. Alstonia macrophylla, Gironniera subaequalis dan Nephelium lappaceum adalah spesies yang mendominasi komunitas vegetasi. Distribusi vegetasi menunjukkan pola distribusi mengelompok, dengan stratifikasi terdiri 4 lapisan tajuk, yang menunjukkan bahwa lokasi-studi disusun oleh lapisan tajuk yang relatif lengkap. Indeks keragaman tergolong tinggi, dengan nilai lebih dari 3 pada tingkat pertumbuhan pohon, tiang dan pancang, kecuali pada tingkat semai dengan H'= 2,89. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa ketahanan ekosistem hutan cukup baik. Kata Kunci : Komposisi vegetasi, Keanekaragaman, Struktur vegetasi, Hutan Kota.

  18. Supplementary information on K-Basin sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MAKENAS, B.J.

    1999-01-01

    Three previous documents in this series have been published covering the analysis of: K East Basin Floor and Pit Sludge, K East Basin Canister Sludge, and K West Basin Canister Sludge. Since their publication, additional data have been acquired and analyses performed. It is the purpose of this volume to summarize the additional insights gained in the interim time period

  19. 40 CFR 61.54 - Sludge sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sludge sampling. 61.54 Section 61.54... sampling. (a) As an alternative means for demonstrating compliance with § 61.52(b), an owner or operator... days prior to a sludge sampling test, so that he may at his option observe the test. (c) Sludge shall...

  20. Heavy metals precipitation in sewage sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marchioretto, M.M.; Rulkens, W.H.; Bruning, H.

    2005-01-01

    There is a great need for heavy metal removal from strongly metal-polluted sewage sludges. One of the advantages of heavy metal removal from this type of sludge is the possibility of the sludge disposal to landfill with reduced risk of metals being leached to the surface and groundwater. Another

  1. Aplikasi Pemetaan Penderita Gizi Buruk di Kota Pekanbaru menggunakan Quantum GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triyani Arita Fitri

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakGizi buruk merupakan salah satu penyakit serius yang masih dihadapi oleh masyarakat di Indonesia. Kota Pekanbaru memiliki cukup banyak kasus gizi buruk , dimana penderita gizi buruk  tersebar di beberapa kecamatan. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pekanbaru belum memiliki aplikasi untuk memetakan penderita gizi buruk yang dapat memberikan informasi lengkap tentang data dan geografis  penderita gizi buruk,  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membangun sistem informasi mengenai peta sebaran penderita gizi buruk di Kota Pekanbaru. Dalam pembuatan aplikasi ini menggunakan Quantum GIS untuk pembuatan peta Kota Pekanbaru dilengkapi dengan fitur penunjuk lokasi dengan titik koordinat dari google maps. Metode pengembangan sistem yang digunakan adalah System Development Life Cycle Model Waterfall sampai pada tahapan implementasi dan pengujian Blackbox. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah sistem informasi geografis pemetaan penderita gizi buruk, yang dapat membantu Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pekanbaru dalam pengolahan data dan pencarian informasi penderita gizi buruk. Kata kunci:  Aplikasi Pemetaan ,Google maps, , gizi buruk, , Quantum GIS  AbstractMalnutrition is one of the serious illnesses still faced by people in Indonesia. Pekanbaru city has enough malnutrition cases, where malnutrition sufferer spread in some district. Pekanbaru City Health Office has no application to map malnutrition sufferer which can give complete information about data and geographic of malnutrition patient, The purpose of this research is to build information system about distribution map of malnutrition patient in Pekanbaru City. In making this application using Quantum GIS for map making Pekanbaru City is equipped with location indicator feature with coordinate point from google maps. System development method used is System Development Life Cycle Model Waterfall to the stages of implementation and testing Blackbox. The results obtained from this research is the

  2. Produksi Ruang Kekuasaan di Pulau Jawa Abad ke-16-17 dan Dampaknya pada Pertumbuhan Kota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafid Setiadi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Studi ini membahas keterkaitan antara tradisi kekuasaan, produksi ruang, dan pertumbuhan kota. Tujuan utamanya adalah untuk memahami secara mendalam pola dan proses spasial produksi ruang kekuasaan dan implikasinya pada pertumbuhan kota. Lingkup penelitian mencakup situasi geopolitik di Pulau Jawa selama abad ke-16 hingga ke-17 ketika Kesultanan Mataram memegang dominasi kekuasaan berlandaskan tradisi sawah. Metode analisis yang diterapkan mengacu pada pemikiran hermeneutika yang mengedepankan metode pembacaan teks. Data penelitian berasal dari sumber-sumber sekunder terutama berupa hasil-hasil penelitian yang telah dipublikasikan dalam bentuk artikel, buku, peta maupun makalah seminar.  Hasil analisis memperlihatkan bahwa selama rentang waktu tersebut pola dan proses spasial produksi ruang kekuasaan didominasi oleh netralisasi dan pembentukan wilayah pinggiran sebagai konsekuensi dari absolutisme kekuasaan raja.  Modus produksi ini menyebabkan terjadinya likuidasi politik terhadap kota-kota tertentu yang ditandai oleh perubahan identitas kota, terutama di wilayah pesisir.   Abstract This study discusses the relations between the tradition of power, the production of space, and city growth. This study primarily aimed to comprehend the spatial pattern and process of the production of authority space and its implications for city growth. It covers the geopolitical situation in Java during the 16th and 17th centuries when the Mataram Sultanate ran a dominant power based on ricefield tradition. The analysis method applied in this study referred to hermeneutical thinking, which foregrounds a text reading method. The research data was obtained from secondary resources, especially published research in the forms of articles, books, maps, and seminar papers. The analysis results showed that the spatial pattern and process of authority space production within these centuries were dominated by neutralization and the formation of peripheries, i

  3. KEDUDUKAN DAN FUNGSI MASJID AGUNG TERHADAP ALUN-ALUN KOTA MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subhan Ramdlani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Identical to any inland cities in Java, Kota Malang also possesses an alun-alun in its downtown, completed with a Jami’ Mosque on the west side. This composition clearly shows some features of capital city’s typology in Java. Beside the similarity, some differences from the typology are also found in Alun-Alun Malang. The composition of Alun-Alun Kota Malang doesn’t put the square as the main orientation of pendopo as the center of the government. Furthermore, the position and function of Jami’ Mosque are dynamically follows the existence of Alun-alun Kota Malang which grows simultaneously with the city development. Thus research about the positional and functional relationships between the Jami’ Mosque and the Alun-Alun needs to be held. A phenomenological approach is used for this research. Primary data is collected through interview with the users, analysts and observers of Alun-Alun in order to grasp an idea of their assumptions about the mosque’s function. Meanwhile, the secondary data is attempted to obtain historical data of Alun-alun Kota Malang, including the establishment and the expansions of Jami’ Mosque, especially when it became Grand Mosque of Kota Malang. The data were compared with the phenomenon which occurs at the moment, the desires and the needs of the user community, as well as the sustainability of function and position the mosque as the identity of alun-alun. The findings of this research are the functions of the Grand Mosque are closely related to the phenomenon of the Alun-Alun’s development.

  4. Chemical modeling of waste sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weber, C.F.; Beahm, E.C.

    1996-10-01

    The processing of waste from underground storage tanks at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and other facilities will require an understanding of the chemical interactions of the waste with process chemicals. Two aspects of sludge treatment should be well delineated and predictable: (1) the distribution of chemical species between aqueous solutions and solids, and (2) potential problems due to chemical interactions that could result in process difficulties or safety concerns. It is likely that the treatment of waste tank sludge will begin with washing, followed by basic or acidic leaching. The dissolved materials will be in a solution that has a high ionic strength where activity coefficients are far from unity. Activity coefficients are needed in order to calculate solubilities. Several techniques are available for calculating these values, and each technique has its advantages and disadvantages. The techniques adopted and described here is the Pitzer method. Like any of the methods, prudent use of this approach requires that it be applied within concentration ranges where the experimental data were fit, and its use in large systems should be preceded by evaluating subsystems. While much attention must be given to the development of activity coefficients, other factors such as coprecipitation of species and Ostwald ripening must also be considered when one aims to interpret results of sludge tests or to predict results of treatment strategies. An understanding of sludge treatment processes begins with the sludge tests themselves and proceeds to a general interpretation with the aid of modeling. One could stop with only data from the sludge tests, in which case the table of data would become an implicit model. However, this would be a perilous approach in situations where processing difficulties could be costly or result in concerns for the environment or health and safety

  5. Critical operational parameters for zero sludge production in biological wastewater treatment processes combined with sludge disintegration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Seong-Hoon; Lee, Sangho

    2005-09-01

    Mathematical models were developed to elucidate the relationships among process control parameters and the effect of these parameters on the performance of anoxic/oxic biological wastewater processes combined with sludge disintegrators (A/O-SD). The model equations were also applied for analyses of activated sludge processes hybrid with sludge disintegrators (AS-SD). Solubilization ratio of sludge in the sludge disintegrator, alpha, hardly affected sludge reduction efficiencies if the biomass was completely destructed to smaller particulates. On the other hand, conversion efficiency of non-biodegradable particulates to biodegradable particulates, beta, significantly affected sludge reduction efficiencies because beta was directly related to the accumulation of non-biodegradable particulates in bioreactors. When 30% of sludge in the oxic tank was disintegrated everyday and beta was 0.5, sludge reduction was expected to be 78% and 69% for the A/O-SD and AS-SD processes, respectively. Under this condition, the sludge disintegration number (SDN), which is the amount of sludge disintegrated divided by the reduced sludge, was calculated to be around 4. Due to the sludge disintegration, live biomass concentration decreased while other non-biodegradable particulates concentration increased. As a consequence, the real F/M ratio was expected to be much higher than the apparent F/M. The effluent COD was maintained almost constant for the range of sludge disintegration rate considered in this study. Nitrogen removal efficiencies of the A/O-SD process was hardly affected by the sludge disintegration until daily sludge disintegration reaches 40% of sludge in the oxic tank. Above this level of sludge disintegration, autotrophic biomass concentration decreases overly and TKN in the effluent increases abruptly in both the A/O-SD and AS-SD processes. Overall, the trends of sludge reduction and effluent quality according to operation parameters matched well with experimental results

  6. Anaerobic digestion of industrial activated aerobic sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goodloe, J.G.; Roberts, R.S.

    1990-04-01

    The Tennessee Eastman Company manufactures a variety of organic chemicals, plastics and fibers at their Kingsport Tennessee Facility. The wastewater generated during the manufacture of these compounds is currently treated using an activated sludge process. The objective of the project is to evaluate the economic potential of an anaerobic digestion process to convert industrial sludge at the Tennessee Eastman Company into biogas. The evaluation will require collection and analysis of experimental data on the anaerobic digestion of industrial sludge obtained from Kingsport. Although the experiments will be conducted using Tennessee Eastman sludge, these results should be also generally applicable to similar industrial sludge

  7. Sludge cleaning in the steam generators: sludge Lancing e IBL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montoro, E.; Gonzalez, S.; Calderon, N.

    2013-01-01

    IBERDROLA Engineering and Construction has echoed the need for plants to remove oxide deposits (sludge) located on the secondary side, on the bottom plate and into the tube bundle steam steam generators. Therefore, and with its partner SAVAC SRA has developed a specific system consisting of applying a capillary water at very high pressure applied directly to the location of these oxides. (Author)

  8. Improved waste-activated sludge dewatering using sludge/oil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-10-07

    Oct 7, 2014 ... 2Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-Ro, Seongdong-Gu, Seoul 133-791, ... conventional heating methods in chemical reactions is becom- ... the dewaterability of sludge and reduces the organic matter ..... It is unlikely that this technique will be applied in.

  9. Filterability of membrane bioreactor (MBR) sludge: impacts of polyelectrolytes and mixing with conventional activated sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigit, Nevzat O; Civelekoglu, Gokhan; Cinar, Ozer; Kitis, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this work was to investigate the filterability of MBR sludge and its mixture with conventional activated sludge (CAS). In addition, the impacts of type and dose of various polyelectrolytes, filter type and sludge properties on the filterability of both MBR and Mixed sludges were determined. Specific cake resistance (SCR) measured by the Buchner funnel filtration test apparatus and the solids content of the resulting sludge cake were used to assess the dewaterability of tested sludges. The type of filter paper used in Buchner tests affected the results of filterability for MBR, CAS and Mixed sludges. SCR values and optimum polyelectrolyte doses increased with increasing MLSS concentrations in the MBR, which suggested that increase in MLSS concentrations accompanied by increases in EPS and SMP concentrations and a shift toward smaller particles caused poorer dewaterability of the MBR sludge. The significant differences observed among the filterability of CAS and MBR sludges suggested that MLSS alone is not a good predictor of sludge dewaterability. Combining CAS and MBR sludges at different proportions generally improved their dewaterability. Combining MBR sludges having typically high MLSS and EPS concentrations with CAS having much lower MLSS concentrations may be an option for full-scale treatment plants experiencing sludge dewaterability problems. Better filterability and higher cake dry solids were achieved with cationic polyelectrolytes compared to anionic and non-ionic ones for all sludge types tested.

  10. Electrodialytic removal of cadmium from wastewater sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, M. R.; Fritt-Rasmussen, Janne; Nielsen, S.

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents for the first time laboratory results demonstrating electrodialytic removal of Cd from wastewater sludge, which is a method originally developed for soil remediation. During the remediation a stirred suspension of wastewater sludge was exposed to an electric dc field. The liquid....../solid (ml/g fresh sludge) ratio was between 1.4 and 2. Three experiments were performed where the sludge was suspended in distilled water, citric acid or HNO"3. The experimental conditions were otherwise identical. The Cd removal in the three experiments was 69, 70 and 67%, respectively, thus the removal...... was approximately the same. Chemical extraction experiments with acidic solutions showed that 5-10 times more Cd could be extracted from decomposed sludge than from fresh sludge. It is likely that the mobilization of Cd during decomposition of the sludge contributes to the efficient removal of Cd...

  11. TRANSPARANSI PEMERINTAH DALAM PELAYANAN SERTIFIKAT TANAH DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadli Fadli

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the process of land services in serving the people in charge of land titles in Makassar, the proliferation of land without a certificate becomes a problem for society. This type of research is qualitative deskriftip which give an idea or an exact explanation objectively related to the actual state of the object that diteliti.Jenis data used consist of primary data, interviews and direct observation in the field and secondary data sourced from books, documents / notes / reports and legislation relating to issues diteliti.Dari research result shows the implementation of the People for Land Certification Service (Larasita in Makassar been transparent or open but less effective. This is caused because the indicator execution and settlement services in terms of time, where the completion of the certifiPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi proses pelayanan pertanahan dalam melayani masyarakat mengurusi sertifikat tanah di Makassar, menjamurnya tanah-tanah tanpa sertifikat menjadi permasalahan bagi masyarakat. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriftip yaitu memberikan gambaran atau penjelasan yang tepat secara objektif terkait keadaan yang sebenarnya dari objek yang diteliti.Jenis data yang digunakan terdiri dari data primer yaitu wawancara dan observasi langsung dilapangan dan data sekunder yang bersumber dari buku-buku, dokumen/catatan/laporan dan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berkaitan dengan masalah yang diteliti.Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan menunjukan pelaksanaan Layanan Rakyat untuk Sertifikasi Tanah (Larasita di Kota Makassar sudah Transparan atau terbuka namun kurang efektif. Hal ini diakibatkan karena indikator pelaksanaan dan penyelesaian pelayanan dari segi waktu, dimana penyelesaian sertifikasi dan pelaksanaan Larasita tidak sesuai dengan ketentuan yang telah dibuat sebelumnya.cation and implementation Larasita not in accordance with the provisions that have been made

  12. MOTIVASI KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriyo .

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan model motivasi kerja guru SMP Negeri yang sesuai. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 322 orang guru SMP Negeri di Kota Semarang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala numerikal. Analisis data melalui SEM dengan perangkat LISREL. Hasil penelitian model motivasi kerja guru SMP Negeri adalah fit. Secara keseluruhan, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, kondisi lingkungan kerja, pelatihan, kompetensi, dan kepuasan kerja, pengaruhnya tinggi terhadap motivasi kerja guru (86%. Untuk meningkatkan motivasi kerja guru SMP Negeri hendaknya kepala sekolah dan pengawas memberdayakan guru secara optimal, menjadikan lingkungan kerja kondusif, merancang program pelatihan yang terarah. Dalam pengangkatan kepala SMPN, Dinas Pendidikan hendaknya memperhatikan kemampuan menejerial para calon. Kata Kunci: motivasi kerja, guru SMP STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS’ WORK MOTIVATION IN SEMARANG MUNICIPALITY Abstract: This study was aimed to find a fit model of State Junior High School Teachers’ work motivation. The sample consisted of 322 state junior high school teachers in Semarang municipality. The instrument used was in the form of a numerical scale. The data were analyzed through the SEM utilizing the LISREL program. The findings showed that the model was fit. As a whole, the school principal leadership, the work environment condition, training, competence, and work satisfaction had a high influence on the teachers’ work motivation (86%. To improve the teachers’ work motivation, it is suggested that the school principal and the supervisor empower the teachers optimally, create conducive work environment, and design a focused training program. In recruiting the school pricipal, the Local Office of Education should take into account the candidates’ managerial skill. Keywords: work motivation, junior high school teachers

  13. PERUBAHAN KARAKTER ARSITEKTUR PERMUKIMAN KAMPUNG BETING KOTA PONTIANAK KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Kartika Sari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perubahan karakter arsitektur permukiman di Kampung Beting Kota Pontianak dalam tiga periode masa pertumbuhan permukiman yakni periode Kesultanan, periode Transisi dan periode Republik. Arsitektur sebagai wujud kebudayaan merupakan bentuk yang paling rentan berubah sebagai bentuk adaptasi  terhadap  perkembangan jaman  dan membentuk perubahan  pada  suatu permukiman. Meskipun demikian, wujud kebudayaan yang diinginkan adalah perubahan yang tetap memelihara karakter inti dan menyesuaikannya dengan kondisi saat ini sehingga tetap terjaga benang merah antara masa lalu, masa kini dan masa yang akan datang. Berdasarkan latar belakang dan permasalahan tersebut maka metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian rasionalistik, yakni dengan cara menyusun materi-materi berdasarkan teori dan dilanjutkan dengan  penelusuran empiri tersebut dan dilanjutkan analisis karakter bentuk arsitektur di lokasi amatan, yaitu Stylistic System,  Physical System  dan  Spatial System. Tahapan  ini  diawali dengan dengan studi pustaka kemudian menentukan variabel-variabel dilanjutkan dengan mengobservasi sumber data dari lokasi amatan penelitian pada kondisi saat ini (periode republik dilanjutkan  dengan melakukan wawancara untuk mendapatkan data baik berupa subject self account atau interpretasi dari penulis pada periode masa kesultanan dan periode masa transisi sehingga dapat direkonstruksi karakter arsitektur permukiman dalam beberapa periode tersebut. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh rumusan perubahan selama tiga periode tersebut dengan menemukan perubahan baik dari stylistic system (bentuk dan dimensi bangunan, physical system (material dan fungsi maupun spatial system (karakter ruang, pola ruang, hirarki posisi, maupun orientasi. Perubahan-perubahan bentuk tersebut dapat mewakili kondisi kebudayaan pada masa itu yang apabila dirangkaikan akan dapat bercerita

  14. Solidification process for sludge residue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pearce, K.L.

    1998-01-01

    This report investigates the solidification process used at 100-N Basin to solidify the N Basin sediment and assesses the N Basin process for application to the K Basin sludge residue material. This report also includes a discussion of a solidification process for stabilizing filters. The solidified matrix must be compatible with the Environmental Remediation Disposal Facility acceptance criteria

  15. Sludge stabilization operability test report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lewis, W.S.

    1994-01-01

    Document provides the results of the Operability Test Procedure performed to test the operability of the HC-21C thermal stabilization process for sludge. The OTP assured all equipment functioned properly and established the baseline temperature profile for glovebox HC-21C

  16. Thermal analysis of kieselguhr sludge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. T. Antipov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It’s currently necessary to clarify the mechanisms of thermodynamic and mass transfer processes in capillary porous media. In this paper we obtain the thermogravimetric curves of evaporation drying kieselguhr sludge. It is also an analysis of the curves, allowing to choose the optimum conditions of drying.

  17. Fluidization of Dried Wastewater Sludge.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hartman, Miloslav; Pohořelý, Michael; Trnka, Otakar

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 178, 3 (2007) , s. 166-172 ISSN 0032-5910 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA4072201 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40720504 Keywords : fluidization characteristics * multiphase reactors * dried stabilized wastewater sludge Subject RIV: CI - Industrial Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Impact factor: 1.130, year: 2007

  18. Fermentation and chemical treatment of pulp and paper mill sludge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yoon Y; Wang, Wei; Kang, Li

    2014-12-02

    A method of chemically treating partially de-ashed pulp and/or paper mill sludge to obtain products of value comprising taking a sample of primary sludge from a Kraft paper mill process, partially de-ashing the primary sludge by physical means, and further treating the primary sludge to obtain the products of value, including further treating the resulting sludge and using the resulting sludge as a substrate to produce cellulase in an efficient manner using the resulting sludge as the only carbon source and mixtures of inorganic salts as the primary nitrogen source, and including further treating the resulting sludge and using the resulting sludge to produce ethanol.

  19. Radiation disinfection of sewage sludge and composting of the irradiated sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hashimoto, Shoji; Nishimura, Koichi; Watanabe, Hiromasa; Kawakami, Waichiro

    1985-01-01

    In the radiation disinfected sewage sludge, its stabilization is necessary with the composting. In this disinfected sludge, there is no need of keeping it at high temperature at the cost of fermentation velocity. The fermentation velocity can thus be set to obtain its maximum value. In sewage sludge utilization of farm land, to prevent the contamination with pathogenic bacteria and the secondary pollution, the radiation disinfection of dehydrated sludge and the composting of the disinfected sludge have been studied. The disinfection effect when an electron accelerator is used for the radiation source is described. Then, the composting of the disinfected sludge is described in chemical kinetics of the microorganisms. (Mori, K.)

  20. Effects of Sludge-amendment on Mineralization of Pyrene and Microorganisms in Sludge and Soil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klinge, C; Gejlsbjerg, B; Ekelund, Flemming

    2001-01-01

    . Sludge-amendment enhanced the mineralization of pyrene in the soil compared to soil without sludge, and the most extensive mineralization was observed when the sludge was kept in a lump. The number of protozoa, heterotrophic bacteria and pyrene-mineralizing bacteria was much higher in the sludge compared...... to the soil. The amendment of sludge did not affect the number of protozoa and bacteria in the surrounding soil, which indicated that organic contaminants in the sludge had a little effect on the number of protozoa and bacteria in the surrounding soil...

  1. Hexavalent chromium removal using aerobic activated sludge batch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The following Cr(VI) removal systems were tested: activated sludge alone; activated sludge with an external electron donor (5 g/. of lactose); activated sludge with PAC addition (4 g/.); activated sludge with both PAC and lactose; and PAC alone. The results reported here showed that activated sludges are capable of ...

  2. Kualitas Air Tanah di Tiga Ibu Kota Kecamatan (Kutowinangun, Prembun dan Kutoarjo dan Kaitannya dengan Sanitasi Lingkungan Sekitar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Sudarmadji

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Air tanah masih merupakan sumber air untuk keperluan sehari-hari bagi penduduk perkotaan, lebih-lebih kota kecil pada umumnya. Sumber daya air menunjukkan gejala penurunan kualitas yang disebabkan oleh dampak berbagai macam kegiatan yang menghasilkan limbah dan sistem sanitasi lingkungan yang kurang baik. Daerah-daerah perkotaan yang terletak di dataran alluvial pantai dapat merupakan daerah yang rawan terhadap pencemaran air tanah. Tiga ibu kota kecamatan, yaitu Kutowinangun dan Prembun, Kabupaten Kebumen dan Kutoarjo Kabupaten Purworejo yang terletak saling berdekatan diteliti untuk mengetahui kualitas air tanah yang merupakan sumber air domestik penduduknya dalam kaitannya dengan kondisi sanitasi lingkungan serta persepsi masyarakat terhadap pencemaran sumber air tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan mengadakan pengamatan di lapangan wawancara dengan penduduk serta analisis laboratorium terhadap sampel air tanah yang diambil. Hasil analisis laboratorium menunjukkan gejala kualitas air di tiga kota tersebut sudah memperlihatkan gejala penurunan, walaupun belum sampai melampaui ambang batas baku mutu air Golongan B. Penurunan tersebut terlibat dengan tingginya kadar NO2, SO4, Cl, COD dan bakteri coli. Diperkirakan bahwa tingginya kadar zat tersebut terkait dengan masalah limbah yang dibuang, yang didukung oleh sanitasi lingkungan yang masih belum baik. Kadar NO2 dan NO3 cenderung lebih tinggi di daerah pusat kota yang merupakan pusat aktivitas penduduk, dibandingkan dengan daerah pinggir kota. Limbah dari aktivitas kegiatan penduduk di pusat-pusat pelayanan umum, termasuk juga dari sarana transportasi di jalan raya dapat merupakan sumber pencemar air tanah. Bakteri coli pada umumnya tinggi di ketiga kota yang diteliti, melebihi 2400 MPN/100ml. Angka COD yang tinggi teramati didalam air tanah Kutowinangun dan Prembun, lebih dari 25% sampel di kedua kota ini memiliki COD diatas 10 mg/l, sedangkan di Kutoarjo relatif lebih rendah. Hal yang

  3. Sludge derived fuel technique of sewage sludge by oil vacuum evaporation drying

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Seokhwan; Lim, Byungran; Lee, Sookoo

    2010-01-01

    Sewage sludge contains high content of organic materials and its water content is also very high about 80% even after filtration process. Landfill as a sludge treatment methods can cause odor problem and leachate production which can derive the secondary contamination of soil and groundwater. The ocean dumping will be prohibited according to the London Convention and domestic stringent environmental regulation. Based on domestic agenda on organic sewage sludge treatment, the ocean disposal will be prohibited from 2012, thus alternative methods are demanded. Sludge derived fuel (SDF) technology can alleviate the emission of greenhouse gas and recover energy from sludge. For proper treatment and SDF production from sludge, the vacuum evaporation and immersion frying technology was adopted in this research. This technology dries moisture in sludge after mixing with oil such as Bunker C oil, waste oil or waste food oil etc. Mixing sludge and oil secures liquidity of organic sludge to facilitate handling throughout the drying process. The boiling temperature could be maintained low through vacuum condition in whole evaporation process. This study was performed to find the optimum operating temperature and pressure, the mixing ratio of sludge and oil. Finally, we could obtained SDF which moisture content was less than 5%, its heating value was over 4,500 kcal/ kg sludge. This heating value could satisfy the Korean Fuel Standard for the Recycle Products. Assessed from the perspective of energy balance and economic evaluation, this sludge drying system could be widely used for the effective sludge treatment and the production of SDF. (author)

  4. 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 503 - Procedure To Determine the Annual Whole Sludge Application Rate for a Sewage Sludge

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Whole Sludge Application Rate for a Sewage Sludge A Appendix A to Part 503 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SEWAGE SLUDGE STANDARDS FOR THE USE OR DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE Pt... a Sewage Sludge Section 503.13(a)(4)(ii) requires that the product of the concentration for each...

  5. Textile wastewater treatment: aerobic granular sludge vs activated sludge systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotito, Adriana Maria; De Sanctis, Marco; Di Iaconi, Claudio; Bergna, Giovanni

    2014-05-01

    Textile effluents are characterised by high content of recalcitrant compounds and are often discharged (together with municipal wastewater to increase their treatability) into centralized wastewater treatment plants with a complex treatment scheme. This paper reports the results achieved adopting a granular sludge system (sequencing batch biofilter granular reactor - SBBGR) to treat mixed municipal-textile wastewater. Thanks to high average removals in SBBGR (82.1% chemical oxygen demand, 94.7% total suspended solids, 87.5% total Kjeldahl nitrogen, 77.1% surfactants), the Italian limits for discharge into a water receiver can be complied with the biological stage alone. The comparison with the performance of the centralized plant treating the same wastewater has showed that SBBGR system is able to produce an effluent of comparable quality with a simpler treatment scheme, a much lower hydraulic residence time (11 h against 30 h) and a lower sludge production. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Analisa Pembeli Kuliner Terhadap Pembaharuan Informasi Melalui Media Sosial Di Kota Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukri Sukri

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Usaha kuliner dengan skala Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah dengan mudah dijumpai di Kota Pekanbaru. Salah satu strategi bisnis memasarkan kuliner adalah dengan menggunakan media sosial Facebook, twitter, instagram, WeChat, Blackberry Messenger, dan Whatsapp. Pemasaran secara online dianggap lebih efisien dan efektif bisa dilakukan dimana saja. Penelitian dibahas tentang Analisa pembeli kuliner terhadap pembaharuan informasi melalui media sosial. SEM adalah teknik analisis yang digunakan untuk menentukan hubungan antar variabel. Variabel yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah pembaharuan informasi, respon calon pembeli, kualitas dan harga, pemasaran bisnis kuliner, pemilihan media sosial. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner dengan target owner pengusaha kuliner di Kota Pekanbaru. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa respon calon pembeli, pembaharuan informasi, kualitas dan harga berpengaruh positif sedangkan pemasaran bisnis tidak berpengaruh positif.

  7. Perbedaan Usia Wanita Ketika Menikah (Remaja dan Dewasa dalam Hubungannya dengan Penyesuaian Pernikahan di Kota Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muchlisah Muchlisah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbandingan penyesuaian pernikahan antara perempuan yang menikah pada usia remaja dan usia dewasa di kota Makassar. Subjek dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 80 orang yang dipilih dengan menggunakan metode aksidental sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala penyesuaian pernikahan. Data penelitian ini dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik analisis uji-t independen dengan bantuan program SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solutions 14.0 for windows. Hasil uji hipotesis dengan uji-t menunjukkan ada perbedaan penyesuaian pernikahan antara perempuan yang menikah pada usia remaja dan usia dewasa di kota Makassar (nilai signifikansi = 0,022 > 0,05. Perempuan yang menikah pada usia dewasa cenderung memiliki tingkat penyesuaian pernikahan yang lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan penyesuaian pernikahan perempuan yang menikah pada usia remaja.

  8. PEMANFAATAN TEKNIK GEOLISTRIK UNTUK MENDETEKSI PERSEBARAN AIRTANAH ASIN PADA AKUIFER BEBAS DI KOTA SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setyawan Purnama

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui persebaran airtanah asin di Kota Surabaya, menganalisis faktor penyebabnya dan mencari kemungkinan ditemukannya airtanah tawar pada akuifer tertekan. Untuk rnencapai tujuan tersebut dilakukan pendugaan geolistrik pada tujuh penampang dengan masingmasing penampang terdiri atas dua hingga tiga titik pendugaan. Untuk menganalisis hash pendugaan, data tahanan jenis hash pendugaan lapangan diinterpretasi dengan Program Schlumberger 0 Weil. Hasil interpretasi dapat ditentukan kedalaman dan ketebalan lapisan airtanah beserta sifat-sifatnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di Kota Surabaya telah terdeteksi adanya airtanah asin dan airtanah payau, dengan jarak dari garis pantai dan ketebalan lapisan yang beniariasi. Faktor penyebab adanya airtanah asin dan airtanah payau tersebut adalah air fosil (connate water Hasil lain dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa hingga kedalaman 150 meter dari permukaan tanah, tidak ditemukan akuifer tertekan yang mengandung airtanah tawar.

  9. PERAMALAN PENENTUAN JUMLAH PERMINTAAN KONSUMEN BERBASIS TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI TERHADAP PRODUK BORDIR PADA KOTA TASIKMALAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lies Sunarmintyastuti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Peramalan penentuan jumlah permintaan konsumen berbasis teknologi informasi terhadap produk bordir di Kota Tasikmalaya, mempunyai tujuan khusus untuk menentukan jumlah kebutuhan permintaan konsumen secara periodik, berkala dan pola kebutuhan permintaan konsumen dimasa yang akan datang secara trend, musiman. Penelitian ini berawal dari konsep pemikiran bagaimana supaya produsen bordir di Kota Tasikmalaya mendapatkan pendapatan yang optimal dan efisien dalam biaya produksi bordir mereka. Pendekatan peramalan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode Time Series dengan menggunakan Single Exponential Smoothing Modeluntuk mendapatkan nilai peramalan secara periodik, Double Exponential Smoothing Modeluntuk mendapatkan nilai peramalan secara trend dan Triple Exponential SmoothingModeldengan Multiplicative Seasonal Modeluntuk mendapatkan nilai peramalan secara musiman, serta pengujian peramalan menggunakan MAD, MAPE dan MSE untuk mencari error terkecil. Pada tahap berikutnya dibangun sebuah sistem peramalan penentuan permintaan konsumen dengan menggunakan metode pengembangan sistem waterfall dan pembuatansoftware yang dirancang menggunakan bahasa pemrograman Java dengan editor NetBeans dan database MySQL.

  10. Pengaruh Awareness, Daya Tarik Iklan Terhadap Brand Attitude Indomie Kota Tangsel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roby Irzal Maulana

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk menjelaskan bagaimana peran pemediasian brand awareness pada pengaruh daya tarik iklan terhadap brand attitude mi instan Indomie di Kota Tangerang Selatan. Populasi yang digunakan merupakan konsumen Indomie di Kota Tangerang Selatan Banten. Sampel ditentukan dengan metode purposive sampling berjumlah 200 responden. Data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner dan dianalisis menggunakan teknik analasis jalur dan uji sobel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa daya tarik iklan dan brand awareness masing-masing berpengaruh positif secara signifikan terhadap brand attitude serta adanya peran mediasi dari brand awareness yang memperkuat hubungan daya tarik iklan dan brand attitude.Disarankan bagi manajemen Indomie untuk lebih memperkuat daya tarik dalam iklannya sehingga sikap positif konsumen terhadap merek Indomie dapat dipertahankan melalui tingkat kesadaran merek yang tinggi.

  11. MEDIASI PENAL SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENYELESAIAN PERKARA PENCURIAN RINGAN (STUDI DI POLRES MALANG KOTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Hasudungan Hutajulu

    2016-02-01

      Key words: penal mediation, minor theft case, an alternative penal settlement   Abstrak Penelitian mengenai pelaksanaan mediasi penal pada tindak pidana pencurian ringan oleh Polres Malang Kota bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis digunakannya mediasi penal serta menganalisis pelaksanaan mediasi penal sebagai alternatif penyelesaian perkara. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah yuridis sosiologis atau jenis penelitian hukum sosiologis atau penelitian lapangan. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh antara lain: Polres Malang Kota melakukan mediasi penal dengan alasan agar tercipta rasa keadilan terhadap para saksi sehingga masyarakat puas atas pelayanan yang dilakukan penyidik. Selain itu, langkah-langkah yang dilakukan dalam penerapan mediasi penal ini adalah mempertemukan para pihak, penyidik menyaksikan pengembalian barang yang dicuri oleh pelaku, membantu membuat surat kesepakatan bersama, menerima surat pencabutan perkara serta melakukan gelar perkara.   Kata kunci: mediasi penal, pencurian ringan, alternatif penyelesaian perkara

  12. Urgensi Pemeriksaan Psikis Pra-Nikah (Studi Pandangan Kepala KUA dan Psikolog Kota Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Kurnia Fitriani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Beberapa negara muslim memberikan perhatian terhadap pemeriksaan psikis pra-nikah bagi calon mempelai, sebagai upaya menanggulangi masalah rumah tangga akibat gangguan kejiwaan di masa yang akan datang. Penelitian ini bertujuan menggali informasi dari Kepala KUA dan Psikolog di Kota Malang tentang pemeriksaan psikis pra-nikah dan urgensinya bagi calon mempelai. Penelitian ini termasuk dalam penelitian lapangan (field reasearch, dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif.  Alanisis data dilakukan melalui tiga tahapan yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data, dan menarik kesimpulan. Pengecekan keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi sumber yang membandingkan hasil wawancara dengan data sekunder, dan triangulasi teori. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Kepala KUA dan Psikolog di kota Malang menyetujui diadakan pemeriksaan psikis pranikah akan tetapi harus ada aturan hukumnya dan dilakukan sosialisasi agar program menjadi efektif. Selain itu, pemeriksaan psikis pra-nikah tidak bertentangan dengan konsep maqashid al-syari’ah dan konsep sadz al-dzari’ah dalam hukum Islam.

  13. K Basin sludge dissolution engineering study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Westra, A.G.

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this engineering study is to investigate the available technology related to dissolution of the K Basin sludge in nitric acid. The conclusion of this study along with laboratory and hot cell tests with actual sludge samples will provide the basis for beginning conceptual design of the sludge dissolver. The K Basin sludge contains uranium oxides, fragments of metallic U, and some U hydride as well as ferric oxyhydroxide, aluminum oxides and hydroxides, windblown sand that infiltrated the basin enclosure, ion exchange resin, and miscellaneous materials. The decision has been made to dispose of this sludge separate from the fuel elements stored in the basins. The sludge will be conditioned so that it meets Tank Waste Remediation System waste acceptance criteria and can be sent to one of the underground storage tanks. Sludge conditioning will be done by dissolving the fuel constituents in nitric acid, separating the insoluble material, adding neutron absorbers for criticality safety, and then reacting the solution with caustic to co-precipitate the uranium and plutonium. There will be five distinct feed streams to the sludge conditioning process two from the K East (KE) Basin and three from the K West (KW) Basin. The composition of the floor and pit sludges which contain more iron oxides and sand than uranium is much different than the canister sludges which are composed of mostly uranium oxides. The sludge conditioning equipment will be designed to process all of the sludge streams, but some of the operating parameters will be adjusted as necessary to handle the different sludge stream compositions. The volume of chemical additions and the amount of undissolved solids will be much different for floor and pit sludge than for canister sludge. Dissolution of uranium metal and uranium dioxide has been studied quite thoroughly and much information is available. Both uranium metal and uranium dioxide have been dissolved on a large scale in nuclear fuel

  14. ROMANTIKA MANUSIA MELAYU DI BANDAR RAYA (IMAJI-IMAJI KEHIDUPAN KOTA DALAM KOMIK KARTUN MALAYSIA-INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ary Budiyanto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A big city or a metropolitan is a symbol of modernization and globalization. What happens in a big city in this article is stories of ordinary people struggling for a decent living in the dusts of global modernity in a big Malay city. These people are often village migrants. The attraction of modern city lifestyle offers cultural addiction that is foreign for the migrants, even if sometimes it is considered a threat culturally from where they are from. Eventually, adaptation, adoption, and even apathy towards values, symbol, and the city’s global modernity create diverse lifestyles, romances, and identities of its citizens. This article observes how the citizens, the city, and its romance present in the reflections of some Malaysian and Indonesian cartoonists, like in the visualization of the comic “Mat Som” by Dato Lat, and the comic script Kee’s World (1989 of Malaysia and Benny and Mice of Indonesia. Cartoonists, as social observers, tell us how the city is recognized in the lives of the Malay people in two different countries. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Kota Besar atau Bandar Raya modern adalah simbol dari modernisasi dan globalisasi. Apa yang terjadi di sebuah kota besar di artikel ini adalah cerita-cerita orang biasa yang mencari kehidupan yang layak dalam debu modernitas global di kota besar dunia melayu. Tak jarang mereka adalah orang yang datang dari kampung (atau luar daerah. Pikatan gaya hidup kota modern ini menawarkan candu budaya yang ‘asing’ bagi pendatang, meski tak jarang hal itu dianggap ‘ancaman’ bagi budaya ‘asal’. Akhirnya, adaptasi, adopsi, maupun, antipati pada nilai-nilai, simbol, modernitas global perkotaan itupun menciptakan keberagaman gaya hidup, romantika, dan identitas penghuni kota. Artikel ini akan melihat bagaimana penghuni kota, kota, dan romantikanya hadir dalam renungan-renungan para kartunis malasyia dan Indonesia seperti, di antaranya, dalam visualisasinya komik “Mat Som” karya

  15. STUDY ON MAXIMUM SPECIFIC SLUDGE ACIVITY OF DIFFERENT ANAEROBIC GRANULAR SLUDGE BY BATCH TESTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The maximum specific sludge activity of granular sludge from large-scale UASB, IC and Biobed anaerobic reactors were investigated by batch tests. The limitation factors related to maximum specific sludge activity (diffusion, substrate sort, substrate concentration and granular size) were studied. The general principle and procedure for the precise measurement of maximum specific sludge activity were suggested. The potential capacity of loading rate of the IC and Biobed anaerobic reactors were analyzed and compared by use of the batch tests results.

  16. Manajemen Pengelolaan Kualitas Air Sungai Cisadane dari Aspek Kelembagaan (Studi Kasus Kota Tangerang)

    OpenAIRE

    Haidir1, Moh. Didi; Namara, Idi; Chayati, Nurul; Muhammad, Fadhila

    2016-01-01

    Sungai Cisadane merupakan salah satu sungai yang sangat vital di Provinsi Banten Indonesia.Air sungai ini dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber baku air PDAM, pertanian perikanan, dan perindustriandalam skala kecil maupun besar. Yang menjadi persoalan pada air sungai ini adalah tingkatpencemaran yang masih tinggi, terutama limbah industri. Meskipun banyak instansi yang telahberperan dalam pengelolaan kualitas air Sungai Cisadane baik di Tingkat Pusat, Tingkat ProvinsiBanten, maupun Tingkat Kota Tangera...

  17. Studi Identifikasi Kandungan Formalin pada Ikan Pindang di Pasar Tradisional dan Modern Kota Semarang

    OpenAIRE

    Sitiopan Telaumbanua, Henny Putri

    2012-01-01

    Ikan pindang adalah salah satu jenis makanan olahan yang dikonsumsi masyarakat dan harus segera dijual karena daya tahan yang terbatas dan akan cepat membusuk. Penggunaan formalin sebagai pengawet ternyata telah disalahgunakan oleh pihak-pihak yang tidak bertanggungjawab, dengan cara menggunakan formalin tersebut sebagai bahan pengawet dalam industri makanan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kandungan formalin pada ikan pindang yang dijual di pasar tradisional dan modern Kota S...

  18. HUBUNGAN SOSIAL ANTARA ETNIS BANJAR DAN ETNIS MADURA DI KOTA BANJARMASIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Hidayat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memahami integrasi sosial antara etnis Banjar dan Madura di Kota Banjarmasin. Berbeda dengan kota lain di Kalimantan, di kota Banjarmasin, etnis Banjar dan Madura dapat hidup bersama tanpa ada konflik keras meskipun kedua etnis tersebut sama-sama dikenal sebagai etnis pedagang. Penelitian ini mengadopsi metode kualitatif yang berfokus pada keunikan setiap individu sebagai produsen realitas. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di kota Banjarmasin dan telah mewawancarai sembilan informan. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan beberapa fakta. Pertama, agama dan aktivitas ritual merupakan media integrasi bagi etnis Banjar dan Madura. Kedua, penegakan hukum dalam masyarakat telah menimbulkan rasa hormat masyarakat terhadap hak orang lain. Ketiga, sikap etnis Madura yang menghormati budaya lokal menumbuhkan pemahaman yang baik pada masyarakat etnis Madura terhadap etnis Banjar. The objective of this study is to explore social integration between Banjar ethnic and Madura ethnic in City of Banjarmasin. Different from the etnich condition in other town in Borneo, in Banjarmasin city, both ethnic can life together without any hard conflict although they both have been known as ethnic trader. This research adopted qualitative method focused on the uniqueness of each individual as producer of reality. This research has been done in Banjarmasin city. This research has found that: first, religion and its ritual and activity is a media of integration between Banjar and Madura Ethnic. Second, law empowering in society have made the society respect to the other right. Third, the attitudes of Madura ethnic who show respects to local culture have increased the understanding between Madura ethnic and Banjar ethnic.

  19. ANALISIS FLYPAPER EFFECT PADA BELANJA DAERAH KABUPATEN DAN KOTA DI PROVINSI BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Amalia

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the flypaper effect on the country and city in Banten Province in 2010-2013. The main objective of this research is to provide empirical evidence for the occurrence of flypaper effect on General Allocation Fund (DAU and Local Revenue (PAD to Regional Expenditure (BD of country/city in Banten Province. In this case, the dependent variable used is the shopping area while the independent variable is PAD and DAU. Object of research include 8 counties and cities in Banten Province with data source Realisasi Budget Report 2010-2013. Design research using model hypothesis testing using secondary data in the form of panel data. The method of analysis of data used is multiple regression.This research result indicates that (1 PAD and DAU simultaneously influence significantly to regional expenditure, (2 PAD and DAU partially influential significantly against regional expenditure, (3 there is no flypaper effect on contry and city in Banten in the 2010-2013. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi terjadinya flypaper effect pada belanja daerah kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Banten tahun 2010-2013.Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah memberikan bukti empiris terjadinya flypaper effect pada Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU dan Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD terhadap Belanja Daerah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Banten. Dalam hal ini, variabel dependen yang digunakan adalah belanja daerah sedangkan variabel independennya adalah Pendapatan Asli Daerah dan Dana Alokasi Umum. Objek penelitian meliputi 8 kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Banten dengan sumber data yang diperoleh dari Laporan Realisasi APBD 2010-2013. Desain penelitian menggunakan model pengujian hipotesis dengan menggunakan data sekunder dalam bentuk data panel. Adapun metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1 PAD dan DAU secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap Belanja Daerah, (2 PAD dan DAU secara parsial berpengaruh

  20. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA REMAJA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS RAWAT INAP SIDOMULYO KOTA PEKANBARU

    OpenAIRE

    Renny Fitriana; Nur Indrawati Lipoeto; Vivi Triana

    2012-01-01

    Data WHO ( World Health Organization) tahun 2000 menunjukkan sekitar 972 juta orang atau 26,4% penduduk dunia mengidap hipertensi. Pada remaja juga dijumpai hipertensi. Data Riskesdas 2007, terdapat prevalensi hipertensi di Indonesia sebesar 8,4% dan 14% di Riau. Dari data Dinkes Kota Pekanbaru tahun 2011 kasus hipertensi pada remaja sebesar 2,98% dan dari 19 Puskesmas, angka kasus hipertensi remaja tertinggi terjadi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rawat Inap Sidomulyo yaitu 136 kasus atau 17,6%. ...

  1. Perilaku Konsumtif Komunitas ‘Ringo48' Penggemar Idol Group Akb48 di Kota Malang Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    NUZULA, AYU FIRDAUSI

    2014-01-01

    Kata Kunci: Cultural Studies, Budaya populer, Budaya penggemar, Perilaku konsumtif, AKB48 merupakan grup idola yang berasal dari distrik Akihabara, Tokyo, Jepang yang dibentuk oleh Yasushi Akimoto pada tahun 2005. Penggemar AKB48 sangat banyak hingga keluar Negara Jepang. Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara yang memiliki banyak komunitas penggemar AKB48. Beberapa kota memiliki komunitas penggemar AKB48 masing-masing, contohnya di Malang yang bernama Ringo48.Penulis melakukan penelitian pad...

  2. Potential of Solar Energy in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah: An Estimate Using a Photovoltaic System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markos, F. M.; Sentian, J.

    2016-04-01

    Solar energy is becoming popular as an alternative renewable energy to conventional energy source, particularly in the tropics, where duration and intensity of solar radiation are longer. This study is to assess the potential of solar energy generated from solar for Kota Kinabalu, a rapidly developing city in the State of Sabah, Malaysia. A year data of solar radiation was obtained using pyranometer, which was located at Universiti Malaysia Sabah (6.0367° N, 116.1186° E). It was concluded that the annual average solar radiation received in Kota Kinabalu was 182 W/m2. In estimating the potential energy generated from solar for Kota Kinabalu city area, a photovoltaic (PV) system model was used. The results showed that, Kota Kinabalu is estimated to produce 29,794 kWh/m2 of electricity from the solar radiation received in a year. This is equivalent to 0.014 MW of electricity produced just by using one solar panel. Considering the power demand in Sabah by 2020 is 1,331 MW, this model showed that the solar energy can contribute around 4% of energy for power demand, with 1 MW capacity of the PV system. 1 MW of PV system installation will require about 0.0328% from total area of the city. This assessment could suggest that, exploration for solar power energy as an alternative source of renewable energy in the city can be optimised and designed to attain significant higher percentage of contribution to the energy demand in the state.

  3. Potential of Solar Energy in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah: An Estimate Using a Photovoltaic System Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Markos, F M; Sentian, J

    2016-01-01

    Solar energy is becoming popular as an alternative renewable energy to conventional energy source, particularly in the tropics, where duration and intensity of solar radiation are longer. This study is to assess the potential of solar energy generated from solar for Kota Kinabalu, a rapidly developing city in the State of Sabah, Malaysia. A year data of solar radiation was obtained using pyranometer, which was located at Universiti Malaysia Sabah (6.0367° N, 116.1186° E). It was concluded that the annual average solar radiation received in Kota Kinabalu was 182 W/m 2 . In estimating the potential energy generated from solar for Kota Kinabalu city area, a photovoltaic (PV) system model was used. The results showed that, Kota Kinabalu is estimated to produce 29,794 kWh/m 2 of electricity from the solar radiation received in a year. This is equivalent to 0.014 MW of electricity produced just by using one solar panel. Considering the power demand in Sabah by 2020 is 1,331 MW, this model showed that the solar energy can contribute around 4% of energy for power demand, with 1 MW capacity of the PV system. 1 MW of PV system installation will require about 0.0328% from total area of the city. This assessment could suggest that, exploration for solar power energy as an alternative source of renewable energy in the city can be optimised and designed to attain significant higher percentage of contribution to the energy demand in the state. (paper)

  4. ANALISIS PERILAKU PENYUSUN ANGGARAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF KEAGENAN PADA KABUPATEN DAN KOTA DI PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    ILMI, A. NURUL

    2016-01-01

    2016 Analisis Perilaku Penyusun Anggaran dalam Perspektif Keagenan pada Kabupaten dan Kota di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan Analysis of Budget Compiler???s Behavior within the Agency Perspective in Regency and City of South Sulawesi Province A. Nurul Ilmi Mediaty Aini Indrijawati Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh perubahan Pendapatan Asli Daerah dan perubahan Dana Perimbangan terhadap perilaku oportunistik penyusun anggaran yang menjelaskan mengenai hubungan k...

  5. Implementasi Kebijakan Sertifikasi Guru dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Profesionalitas Guru di Kota Yogyakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Bachtiar Dwi Kurniawan

    2011-01-01

    This research was conducted to determine teacher certification policies, especially the line of portofolio, in order to improve profesionalism teachers. Research certification policy implementation especially want to see how far the process of implementation conducted by the executive, and what factors influence teacher certification policy implementation in Kota Yogyakarta. Further research is intended to see the impact of teacher certification policy toward teacher professionalism in teachi...

  6. Pemanfaatan Green Roof sebagai Media Filter Air Hujan di Kota Pontianak

    OpenAIRE

    Uria Karlena Sely Sakong

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh green roof terhadap kualitas air hujan di KotaPontianak. Pengaruh tersebut dipelajari dengan cara membandingkan antara kualitas air hujan yang melewatigreen roof dengan kualitas air yang tidak melewati green roof. Penelitian diawali dengan merancang danmembuat model green roof. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan sebanyak empat kali dan diuji di laboratoriumterhadap parameter pH, kekeruhan, Pb terlarut dan E.Col...

  7. EXPLORASI DESAIN PASAR AGROBISNIS DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARSITEKTUR VERNAKULAR DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marwati Marwati

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak_ Kota Makassar sebagai pusat perdagangan wilayah timur merancang strategi pembangunan di bidang ekonomi khususnya pasar. Berdasrkan RTRW (Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Makassar tahun 2010 – 2030 menyatakan bahwa Kelurahan Daya Kota Makassar termasuk dalam kawasan industri dan wisata belanja. Tujuan dari penulisan ini ialah merancang strategi Pasar Agrobisnis yang efektif dan efisien dengan pendekatan Arsitektur  vernakuler. Metode  pembahasan  yang  digunakan  adalah eksplorasi desain dengan menguraikan masalah yang ada melalui studi literatur dan survei lapangan, mengkaitkannya dengan beberapa variabel yang berpengaruh, sehingga dapat dirumuskan sebagai acuan untuk dijadikan bahan transformasi ke dalam desain. Hasil dari penulisan ini memberi model gagasan konsep perancangan Pasar Agrobisnis yang efektif dan efisien dengan pendekatan Arsitektur vernakuler. Kata kunci : Pasar Agrobisnis, Arsitektur Vernakuler, Desain   Abstract_ Kota Makassar as an eastern trading center designed a strategy in developing economy especially market. Based on RTRW (Spatial Plan of the Region Makassar City in 2010 – 2030, Daya District in Makassar city is included in the industrial and shopping areas. The purpose of this paper is to design an effective and efficient Agribusiness Market strategy with a vernacular architectural approach. The method of that has been used is the design exploration by analyzing the existing problems through literature studies and field surveys, relating them into several influential variables, so that can be formulated as a reference for transformation into the design. The results of this paper provided an idea in concept designing model of Agribusiness Market effectively and efficiently with the approach of vernacular architecture. Keywords: Market of Agribusiness, Vernacular Architecture, Design

  8. SEKOLAH TINGGI ASTRONOMI DI KOTA PARE-PARE TEMA ARSITEKTUR METAFORA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahibuddin Juddah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak— Kota Pare-Pare sebagai kota yang layak memiliki suatu fasilitas ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi yang diperuntukkan bagi generasi-generasi muda penerus bangsa di kota Pare-Pare dalam hal ini fasilitas ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi yang berkaitan dengan astronomi yakni Sekolah Tinggi Astronomi (Ilmu Perbintangan di Kota Pare-pare dengan tema Arsitektur Metafora. Pada bidang astronomi terdapat berbagai macam bentuk-bentuk fantastis yang dapat dijadikan lambang bentuk dalam arsitektur seperti bentuk rasi bintang, bentuk lintasan orbit planet dan bentuk-bentuk benda langit lainnya, begitu juga dengan bentuk-bentuk fenomena yang dihasilkannya. Dengan perwujudan bentuk-bentuk ini sebagai simbol pada gaya bangunan, baik bentuk bangunan, fungsi maupun penataan ruang di dalamnya, diharapkan pelaku kegiatan dalam bangunan merasakan maksud dan ekspresi dari bangunan. Kata Kunci : Sekolah Tinggi, Astronomi, Arsitektur Metafora Abstract—Pare- Pare as a city that deserves to have a facility of science and technology that is intended for younger generations in Pare - Pare in this case the facilities of science and technology relates to astronomy namely the College of Astronomy (Science Astrology in Pare- pare the theme of Architecture Metaphor. In the field of astronomy there are various kinds of fantastic shapes that can be used as the epitome of form in architecture such as the shape of constellations, planets orbit trajectory shapes and forms of other celestial bodies, as well as the forms of the phenomenon produces. The realization of these forms as a symbol on the style of the building, both buildings form, function and arrangement of space in it, it is hoped the perpetrators of activity in the building feel the intention and expression of the building Key word : High School, Astronomy, Metaphor Architecture

  9. Analisis Nilai Tambah Produk Olahan Bolu dan Brownies Rambutan (Studi Kasus : Industri Royyan Bakery, Kota Binjai)

    OpenAIRE

    Syaputra, Eka; Lubis, Iskandarini, Satia Negara

    2015-01-01

    Rambutan Kota Binjai yang merupakan salah satu rambutan yang terbaik di Indonesia. Dengan melakukan pengolahan terhadap buah rambutan maka harga jual dapat meningkat, masa simpan menjadi lama dan jangkauan pemasaran lebih luas. Kegiatan pengolahan pasca panen atau agroidustri sangat diperlukan untuk meningkatkan nilai tambah. Peningkatan nilai tambah produk pertanian dapat dilakukan dari pengolahan secara terpadu yang memperhatikan pengoptimalan setiap tahapan proses dan pemanfaatan hasil sam...

  10. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PELATIHAN SOFT-SKILLS PADA SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI (SMPN) DI KOTA MATARAM

    OpenAIRE

    Anik Darmiany

    2016-01-01

    Abstrak : Penelitian dan pengembangan ini bertujuan menghasilkan model pelatihan soft-skill khususnya keterampilan komunikasi dan kendali emosi siswa sekolah menengah pertama negeri (SMPN) di kota Mataram. Metode penelitian dan pengembangan dilakukan melalui tiga tahap dari sepuluh langkah Borg & Gall yaitu, (1) penelitian awal (analisis kebutuhan), (2) pengembangan model pelatihan, (3) uji coba dan evaluasi model. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan model pelatihan soft-skill men...

  11. TINJAUAN PROSES PERENCANAAN HERITAGE TRAILS SEBAGAI PRODUK PARIWISATA DALAM RIPPDA KOTA BANDUNG

    OpenAIRE

    Teguh Amor Patria

    2013-01-01

    Despite the fact that Bandung boasts a large number of heritage buildings as tourism potentials which become one of priorities in Rencana Induk Pengembangan Pariwisata Daerah (RIPPDA) Kota Bandung 2007-2016 (municipal tourism development plans), such plan is assumed as less detailed and comprehensive. It also emphasizes only on supply and spatial aspect. This paper reviewed the planning process of heritage trails as tourism product in the tourism development plan. A comparative study between ...

  12. Kepuasan Pengunjung Terhadap Kualitas Makanan Lendot Di Kawasan Wisata Taman Kota Coastal Area Kabupaten Karimun

    OpenAIRE

    ", Hanisah; Achnes, Syofia

    2017-01-01

    The satisfaction is compatibility of product accepted and expectation of product. The research was conducted to determine the satisfaction of visitors to the quality of food lendot in The Tourist Area Of The City Park Coastal Area Karimun Regency. The research method used is quantitative approach. The sample technique used is accidental sampling. Samples taken as many as 40 respondents who consume a lendot in the Kawasan Wisata Taman Kota Coastal Area Kabupaten Karimun, where taken into the r...

  13. Environmental sustainability of wastewater sludge treatments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyer-Souchet, Florence; Larsen, Henrik Fred

    treatment for municipal waste water. A special focus area in Neptune is sludge handling because the sludge amount is expected to increase due to advanced waste water treatment. The main sludge processing methods assessed in Neptune can be divided into two categories: disintegration processes before...... anaerobic digestion (thermal hydrolysis and ultrasound disintegration) and inertisation processes performed at high temperatures (incineration, pyrolysis, gasification, wet oxidation) but they all aim at volume reduction and removal of biodegradable compounds before safe sludge disposal or reuse of its...... resources. As part of a sustainability assessment (or “best practice evaluation”), a comparison between the existing and new sludge handling techniques have been done by use of life cycle assessment (LCA).The concept of induced impacts as compared to avoided impacts when introducing a new sludge treatment...

  14. F-Canyon Sludge Physical Properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poirier, M. R.; Hansen, P. R.; Fink, S. D.

    2005-01-01

    The Site Deactivation and Decommissioning (SDD) Organization is evaluating options to disposition the 800 underground tanks (including removal of the sludge heels from these tanks). To support this effort, DandD requested assistance from Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) personnel to determine the pertinent physical properties to effectively mobilize the sludge from these tanks (Tanks 804, 808, and 809). SDD provided SRNL with samples of the sludge from Tanks 804, 808, and 809. The authors measured the following physical properties for each tank: particle settling rate, shear strength (i.e., settled solids yield stress), slurry rheology (i.e., yield stress and consistency), total solids concentration in the sludge, soluble solids concentration of the sludge, sludge density, and particle size distribution

  15. Sewage sludge and how to sell it

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knapp, I M

    1977-10-01

    Largo, Florida dries its sludge and sells it as fertilizer for $80 to $169/T. The sludge processing plant capable of turning common sludge into a dry, pelletized soil conditioner was only slightly more expensive than the previously proposed concrete drying beds which would have required disposal of the dried residue. The city's experience in setting up the plant and marketing the finished product is discussed. The true advantage of selling heat-dried sludge is that residents of the surrounding area, knowing the value of the product to their lawns and shrubs, will provide the transportation for the product and the physical labor to spread it over an area wider than most municipalities could afford to own or operate. The current production cost of $140/T is high, but the addition of a sludge prethickener-conditioner process and expected future economies of scale as the volume of sludge treated increases should lower per ton costs.

  16. IPTEKS BAGI MASYARAKAT USAHA JASA TAILOR DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Endah Wahyuningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan kegiatan Ipteks bagi Masyarakat (IbM ini adalah untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh industri kecil jasa penjahitan busana pria dan wanita di Kecamatan Gajah Mungkur, Kota Semarang. Ada dua usaha jasa tailor yang diprioritaskan menjadi mitra IbM, yaitu Bapak Mamiek Slamet dan Ibu Sri Astuti Yudhaningrum dengan dua aspek permasalahan yang akan ditangani, yaitu aspek produksi dan aspek manajemen. Target khusus yang ingin dicapai adalah, dalam aspek produksi : 1 Dihasilkan 2 sofware pemrograman data pelanggan purnama dan dara tailor mengenai : identitas pelanggan, jenis dan ukuran pelanggan untuk model kebaya, kemeja, jas, celana dan rok, serta ongkos jahit 2 pelatihan Penggunaan mesin high speed untu produksi celana, kemeja maupun blazer 3 Menambah peralatan produksi, antara mesin jahit industri 4 Tempat material dan produk lebih tertata sehingga lebih nyaman, aman bersih, dan rapi. Dalam aspek manajemen: 1 Pembukuan data identitas, ukuran dan model baju pesanan tersimpan dalam komputer sehingga lebih cepat mencari dan mempercepat layanan lebih baik , pencatatan ongkos jahit dan keuangan lebih tertib 2 Terdapat nota sesuai identitas dan kartu nama tempat produksi. Sebagai tim pelaksana kegiatan ini melibatkan dosen dan mahasiswa dengan bidang keahlian yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan. Dalam pelaksanaan dipakai beberapa metode yang saling mendukung, antara lain dengan ceramah/ penyuluhan untuk materi yang bersifat teori dan motivasi, demonstrasi/peragaan untuk menyampaikan materi praktek/keterampilan, praktek langsung oleh mitra, dan pendampingan kegiatan. Luaran pengabdian dalam aspek produksi : 1 Dihasilkan 2 sofware pemrograman data pelanggan purnama dan dara tailor mengenai : identitas pelanggan, jenis dan ukuran pelanggan untuk model kebaya, kemeja, jas, celana dan rok, serta ongkos jahit 2 pelatihan Penggunaan mesin high speed untu produksi celana, kemeja maupun blazer 3 Menambah peralatan produksi, antara mesin

  17. MINAT KEPEMILIKAN KARTU KREDIT (STUDI KASUS KOTA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bunga Ayu Lestari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The growth of the credit card ownership in 2014 is not suitable with the projection of Bank Indonesia (BI.  This issue influences the program of the government regarding cash leash society and the effectiveness of BI’s regulation on credit card.  It is not clear whether the growth is from the new credit card owners or the existing owners.  This is possible because the marketers often offer the credit card to existing owners who have already credit cards.  The objective of the research is to analyze the factors of the people’s interest in possessing a credit card in Bogor.  The analysis used is Planned Behavior Theory, statistical analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM.  The result shows that only 17% of the people are interested in owning a credit card.  Based on the statistical analysis using SEM shows that behavior, norm, and controlling behavior are significant and positive to the owning of the credit card.  The behavior control through indicators presented  fewer people using credit card in the environment of consumer is a determinant  factor in influencing the interest on ownership of the credit card.Keywords: theory planned behavior (TPB, consumer behavior, SEM credit cardAbstrakPertumbuhan kepemilikan kartu kredit sepanjang tahun 2014 tidak sesuai dengan proyeksi Bank Indonesia (BI. Hal ini tentunya berdampak pada program pemerintah mengenai cash lessh society dan keefektifan peraturan BI terkait kartu kredit. Selain itu, belum diketahui juga secara pasti pertumbuhan tersebut datang dari pemilik baru atau justru pengguna eksisting. Hal ini dimungkinkan karena pihak marketing umumnya memasarkan kartu kredit pada nasabah yang sebelumnya telah memiliki kartu kredit. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor-faktor yang menentukan minat seseorang dalam memiliki kartu kredit dengan mengambil studi kasus kota Bogor. Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah  Model Teori Planned Behavior (TPB

  18. Model Pemberdayaan Pekarangan Di Kecamatan Rumbai Pesisir Kota Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIKEN NURWATI

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis (1 Mengetahui potensi lahan  pekarangan dalam rangka program RPL (2 Menganalisis sumbangan pendapatan dan nilai gizi pangan dari pekarangan (3 Mengetahui respon masyarakat  terhadap program rumah pangan lestari (RPL (4.Mengetahui model pemberdayaan Pekarangan di Kecamatan Rumbai Pesisir Kota Pekanbaru Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan metode survey. Unit analisa dalam penelitian ini adalah rumahtangga.Data yang dikumpul dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari data primer dan data sekunder. Penarikan sampel dengan stratified random sampling berdasarkan rata-rata luas bangunan dan pekarangan pada kelurahan terpilih. Analisis data identitas sampel, pemanfaatan pekarangan dilakukan secara diskriptif, sedangkan analisis pendapatan dari pekarangan dilakukan dengan menggunakan rumus-rumus.TR = Y.Py. Pendapatan bersih usahatani pekarangan menggunakan dengan rumus : ∏ = TR-TC. Sedangkan kandungan zat gizi bahan makanan dihitung berdasarkan rumus sbb: KGij= (Bj/100 X GijX (BDDij/100.Hasil penelitian: (1 Kecamatan Rumbai Pesisir berpotensi untuk dikembangakan/ ditingkatkan pemberdayaan pekarangan pada semua strata luas lahan (100 m2 sampai dengan > 400m2. (2 Pola pemanfaatan pekarangan yang dimungkinkan adalah dengan teknik vertikultur/pot pada lahan sempit, penggunaan para-para atau vertikultur pada lahan yang tergenang air, usahatani di lahan pada lahan luas dan tidak terkena banjir. (3. Sumbangan pendapatan dari pekarangan sebagian besar (72,73% kurang dari Rp. 1.000.000,- /tahun. Hal ini menunjukkan rendahnya pemanfaatan pekarangan. (4Sumbangan gizi dari produksi pekarangan,  rata-rata 1.034.641 kal  Kalori, 53.722 gram protein, 17.763 gram lemak, 206.313 gram karbohidrat, 2.135.461 miligram kalium, 1.811.929 miligram phosphor, 24.067 miligram zat besi, 74.545.653 SI Vit A,  3.685 miligram Vit B1 dan  663.915 miligram Vit.C. (5. Respon masyarakat terhadap RPL masih rendah. hal ini karena adanya faktor

  19. Pemodelan UML Sistem Informasi Geografis Pasar Tradisional Kota Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutejo Sutejo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakDunia sistem informasi terdapat banyak model sistem informasi, kaitan pasar dengan sistem informasi geografis adalah untuk memberikan berbagai macam informasi, terutama letak geografis pasar tersebut. Pentingnya informasi ini memberi banyak inspirasi terhadap pembuat model untuk merancang sistem-sistem yang mendekati dunia nyata. Model sistem informasi juga diharapkan dapat digunakan sebagai alat prediksi kejadian di masa depan dengan mendasarkan pada data yang ada pada masa lalu dan masa sekarang. Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG ini di rancang untuk mengumpulkan data, meyimpan dan mengubah data, serta menganalisis objek beserta data geografis yang bersifat penting untuk di analisis. GIS yang disajikan dengan berbasis web pada perancangan ini juga dapat digunakan sebagai alat pemberian informasi kepada masyarakat luas. Hasil penelitian dengan pemodelan UML (Unified Modelling Language sangat membantu dalam proses perancangan sebuah sistem informasi geografis pasar tradisional serta aplikasi sistem informasi geografis pasar tradisional berbasis web ini dapat digunakan sebagai sarana informasi pasar, khususnya bagi para calon pedagang yang ingin berdagang di salah satu pasar tradisional yang ada di Kota Pekanbaru. Kata Kunci : Sistem Informasi Geografis, Web, Pasar Tradisional, Pemodelan, UML. AbstractThe world of information systems provides many models of information systems, the link of market with a geographic information system is to provide various kinds of information, specially the geographical markets. The importance of this information gives a lot of inspiration for the model makers to design systems that approximates the real world. Model of information system is also expected to be used as predictors of future events by basing on the existing data on past and present. Geographic Information Systems (GIS is designed to collect data, store and modify data, and analyzing object along with geographic data which is important for

  20. ASPEK IKLIM DALAM DESAIN BANGUNAN DI KAWASAN KONSERVASI KOTA JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achsien Hidajat

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Colonialism periode in Indonesia left many old buildings especially in North Jakarta which they were put into a conservation buildings`s area by gouverment of Jakarta at present time. The arrival of the colonialism brought architectural styles to the buildings that they build. Also the buildings styles that were influenced at past time in Europe. More than 3 centuries of colonialism in Nusantara left many buildings with many buildings`s conceptional and design which represent the time. Architectural designing with 4 seasons of Europe brings differences to architectural design with 2 seasons of Nusantara. Tropical area such as Jakarta which has wet-hot season gives sun-shine and rains along the year. It means high temperature and humidity at the same time will really influence the buildings. Concerns to local`s wise in designing the buildings at colonialsm periode, we could read the architecs`s conceptional to gain the adaptive and compromized design with local climate. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Periode kolonialisasi di daerah Jakarta khususnya banyak meninggalkan jejak yang dapat dilihat pada beberapa gedung di kawasan Jakarta Utara, yang mana pada saat ini oleh pemerintah setempat dijadikan kawasan konservasi kota. Kedatangan kaum kolonial tersebut membawa serta pengaruh-pengaruh langgam arsitektur yang saat itu sedang berkembang di benua Eropa. Masa kolonialisasi lebih dari 3 abad selain meninggalkan banyak gedung di seantero Nusantara, meninggalkan juga jejak aneka konsep dan disain Langgam arsitektur dari Eropa yang berhawa dingin dengan 4 musim akan sangat berbeda dengan keadaan daerah berhawa panas dan lembab (tropis-lembab seperti daerah Jakarta yang beriklim tropis-lembab. Daerah beriklim tropis-lembab- seperti pada umumnya di Nusantara- ditandai dengan melimpahnya cahaya matahari serta hujan sepanjang tahun. Hal ini berarti daerah tropis-lembab akan selalu mengalami suhu panas dibarengi kelembaban yang tinggi pula. Dikaitkan dengan

  1. Composting of gamma-radiation disinfected sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawakami, W.; Hashimoto, S.; Watanabe, H.; Nishimura, K.; Watanabe, H.; Ito, H.; Takehisa, M.

    1981-01-01

    The composting of radiation disinfected sewage sludge has been studied since 1978, aiming to present a new process of sludge composting for agricultural uses. This process is composed of two steps: irradiation step to disinfect sludge, and composting step to remove odor and easily decomposable organics in sludge. In this paper, the gamma-irradiation effect on sludge cake and composting condition of irradiated sludge are discussed. (author)

  2. Economic comparison of sludge irradiation and alternative methods of municipal sludge treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahlstrom, S.B.; McGuire, H.E.

    1977-11-01

    The relative economics of radiation treatment and other sludge treatment processes are reported. The desirability of radiation treatment is assessed in terms of cost and the quality of the treated sludge product. The major conclusions of this study are: radiation treatment is a high-level disinfection process. Therefore, it should only be considered if high levels of disinfection are required for widespread reuse of the sludge; the handling, transporting and pathogen growback problems associated with disinfected wet sludge makes it less attractive for reuse than dry sludge; radiation of composted sludge produces a product of similar quality at less cost than any thermal treatment and/or flash drying treatment option for situations where a high degree of disinfection is required; and heavy metal concerns, especially cadmium, may limit the reuse of sludge despite high disinfection levels. It is recommended that radiation treatment of sludge, particularly dry sludge, continue to be studied. A sensitivity analysis investigating the optimal conditions under which sludge irradiation operates should be instigated. Furthermore, costs of adding sludge irradiation to existing sludge treatment schemes should be determined

  3. Use of a water treatment sludge in a sewage sludge dewatering process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Górka, Justyna; Cimochowicz-Rybicka, Małgorzata; Kryłów, Małgorzata

    2018-02-01

    The objective of the research study was to determine whether a sewage sludge conditioning had any impact on sludge dewaterability. As a conditioning agent a water treatment sludge was used, which was mixed with a sewage sludge before a digestion process. The capillary suction time (CST) and the specific filtration resistance (SRF) were the measures used to determine the effects of a water sludge addition on a dewatering process. Based on the CST curves the water sludge dose of 0.3 g total volatile solids (TVS) per 1.0 g TVS of a sewage sludge was selected. Once the water treatment sludge dose was accepted, disintegration of the water treatment sludge was performed and its dewaterability was determined. The studies have shown that sludge dewaterability was much better after its conditioning with a water sludge as well as after disintegration and conditioning, if comparing to sludge with no conditioning. Nevertheless, these findings are of preliminary nature and future studies will be needed to investigate this topic.

  4. An Economic comparison of sludge irradiation and alternative methods of municipal sludge treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahlstrom, S.B.; McGuire, H.E.

    1977-11-01

    The relative economics of radiation treatment and other sludge treatment processes are reported. The desirability of radiation treatment is assessed in terms of cost and the quality of the treated sludge product. The major conclusions of this study are: radiation treatment is a high-level disinfection process. Therefore, it should only be considered if high levels of disinfection are required for widespread reuse of the sludge; the handling, transporting and pathogen growback problems associated with disinfected wet sludge makes it less attractive for reuse than dry sludge; radiation of composted sludge produces a product of similar quality at less cost than any thermal treatment and/or flash drying treatment option for situations where a high degree of disinfection is required; and heavy metal concerns, especially cadmium, may limit the reuse of sludge despite high disinfection levels. It is recommended that radiation treatment of sludge, particularly dry sludge, continue to be studied. A sensitivity analysis investigating the optimal conditions under which sludge irradiation operates should be instigated. Furthermore, costs of adding sludge irradiation to existing sludge treatment schemes should be determined.

  5. ANALISIS POSISI BERSAING UNTUK MENENTUKAN STRATEGI PEMASARAN INDUSTRI KRIPIK TEMPE DI KOTA MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusno Rusno

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Industri kripik tempe di desa Sanan Malang merupakan bagian dari UMKM mengalami perkembang-an yang cukup baik. Hingga akhir tahun 2013 kemarin berjumlah kurang lebih 65 pengrajin, bahkan saat ini Sanan sudah menjadi sentra industri kecil penghasil kripik tempe dan menjadi salah satu pro-duk unggulan kota Malang. Namun dalam perjalanannya industri ini banyak mengalami masalah diantaranya banyak pesaing yang terus masuk dalam bisnis ini. Hal ini mengakibatkan persaingan yang semakin ketat sehingga para pelaku harus dapat menentukan strategi untuk dapat memenangkan persaingan, maka Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana posisi bersaing dan penetapan strategi pemasaran produsen kripik tempe di kota Malang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah confirmatory research. Sebagai populasinya adalah pengusaha kripik tempe yang berlokasi di kecamatan Blimbing kota Malang yang berjumlah 65 pemilik home industri. Sampel dilakukan dengan teknik Simple random sampling berjumlah 33 pengusaha industri kripik tempe. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan kuesioner, dan teknik analisis data dengan teknik deskriptif dan tabulasi silang. Berdasarkan analisis data didapatkan hasil penelitian bahwa posisi bersaing industri kripik tempe di Sanan terdapat 4 cluster yang terbagi dalam : Cluster 1 (pemimpin pasar/market leader beranggota-kan 1 perusahaan. Cluster 2(penceruk pasar/market nicher beranggotakan 13 perusahaan, Cluster 3 (penantang pasar/market challenger beranggotakan 8 perusahaan dan cluster 4 (pengikut pasar /market follower beranggotakan 11 perusahaan. 

  6. Implementasi Sistem Informasi Geografis Daerah Pariwisata Kota Semarang Berbasis Android dengan Global Positioning System (GPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard RF Siahaan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pariwisata merupakan aspek yang berharga bagi suatu daerah, dengan adanya daerah wisata maka dapat memajukan kesejahteraan masyarakat sekitar. Kota Semarang memiliki daerah pariwisata yang sangat banyak, apabila sarana dan prasarana yang ada dikembangkan lebih lanjut maka dipastikan peningkatan parwisata di Kota Semarang akan semakin bertambah. Penggunaan Teknologi Informasi dapat memajukan daerah pariwisata, sehingga daerah pariwisata dapat dikenal oleh wisatawan yang ingin berkunjung ke Semarang. Sistem Informasi Geografis yang dibangun menggunakan platform android. Pada Tugas Akhir ini menggunakan Java sebagai bahasa pemorgraman dengan eclipse sebagai perangkat lunak pengembangan. Penggunaan Google Map API sebagai fungsi utama peta dalam menjalankan aplikasi serta PHP sebagai bahasa pemorgaraman sisi server dan MySQL dalam penggunaan basis data. Hasil dari perancangan Aplikasi Sistem Infomasi Geografis Kota Semarang berbasis Android ini nantinya akan memberikan informasi dalam bentuk peta yang dapat digunakan sebagai referensi bagi wisatawan yang berkunjung. Penggunaan Global Positioning System (GPS dalam aplikasi ini menjadi hal yang sangat penting dalam menentukan keberadaan wisatawan. Selain itu terdapat rute untuk menuju objek wisata yang dipilih, dalam aplikasi ini juga tersedia fasilitas-fasilitas umum seperti ATM dan Bank, Bandara, Mesjid, Gereja, Rumah Sakit dan lainnya.

  7. MEMAKNAI KERAGAMAN: The Others dalam Konstruksi Sosial Para Elit Kelompok-kelompok Keagamaan di Kota Mataram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawaizul Umam

    2016-12-01

    Bertolak dari urgensi pelibatan pandangan masing-masing kelompok tentang the others dalam setiap inisiasi perdamaian, studi ini mengkaji (1 konstruksi sosial para elit kelompok-kelompok keagamaan di Kota Mataram tentang the others sekaligus menentukan (2 tipologinya berdasar tiga model utama keberagamaan, yakni eksklusivisme, inklusivisme, dan pluralisme. Para elit dipilih sebagai subjek karena mereka berperan signifikan dalam kelompok masing-masing. Dalam dinamika sosial masyarakat Muslim Kota Mataram, mereka kurang-lebih adalah ulama yang berperan sebagai “makelar budaya” sekaligus kreator aktif perubahan sosial. Untuk memahami konstruksi sosial para elit tentang the others, studi ini menerapkan teori konstruksi sosial Berger. Data utama digali dari para informan yang dipilih secara purposif, yakni mereka yang secara formal maupun informal memimpin kelompok-kelompok keagamaan Islam seperti Ahmadiyah, Salafi, Jama’ah Tabligh, Syi’ah, dan juga kelompok tradisionalis (Nahdlatul Wathan dan modernis (Muhammadiyah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa konstruksi sosial mereka muncul lewat tiga momen dialektik yang membentuk realitas subjektif sekaligus objektif tentang the others. Hal itu menentukan cara mereka selaku elit kelompok dalam memaknai dan menyikapi the others. Tipefikasinya menunjukkan, penyikapan mereka tentang the others cenderung eksklusif, dalam batas-batas tertentu inklusif, sementara tendensi pluralistik cenderung absen. Berdasar itu solusi berupa format ideal pengelolaan keragaman bagi penciptaan koeksistensi antarkelompok keagamaan di Kota Mataram diajukan.

  8. PEMBAHASAN MENGENAI EFEK URBAN HEAT ISLAND DAN SOLUSI ALTERNATIF BAGI KOTA JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew V Limas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hadirnya Jakarta sebagai salah satu kota metropolitan yang berkembang di dunia, menjadikan Jakarta sebagai salah satu kota yang harus diperhitungkan konsistensinya. Letaknya yang berada di daerah tropis serta memiliki angka kepadatan penduduk yang tinggi menciptakan sebuah masalah serius bagi bangunan perkantoran dan perumahan di dalamnya, polemik yang dimaksud adalah adanya “efek pemanasan di daerah perkotaan”. Artikel ini akan membahas definisi dan aplikasi dari sistem “atap hijau” bersamaan dengan keuntungan dan keunikannya dalam menjawab kebutuhan dalam mengurangi tingginya temperatur pada pusat perkantoran dan daerah perumahan di kota Jakarta. Kata Kunci : efek pemanasan daerah perkotaan, kepadatan penduduk, sistem atap hijau Abstract Considering Jakarta as one of the developing metropolitan cities in the world creates, the need to reckon it’s consistency has emerged. Located in a tropical area with  high population density creates a serious problem to its city planning, in other words an urban heat island effect. This paper will discuss the definition and application of a green roof system along with its advantages or uniqueness to answer the need to reduce high temperature in central business district and residental areas for city of Jakarta in particular. Keywords : urban heat island effect, population density, green roof system

  9. PERJANJIAN BANGUN GUNA SERAH ANTARA PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN/KOTA DAN PERSEROAN TERBATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urip Santoso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Status of land that can be controlled by the local government is the right of use and the right of management. The right of management can be the object of Agreement on Build, Operate, and Transfer between the local government and the company. Then, the company gets the right of management through the Government Decision which is written up in to a form of Decree of Granting Rights. In the last term of the Agreement on Build, Operate, and Transfer, the land and the building with all support facilities submitted by company to the local government.   Status tanah yang dapat dikuasai oleh pemerintah kabupaten/kota adalah hak pakai dan hak pengelolaan. Tanah yang berstatus hak pengelolaan pemerintah kabupaten/kota yang dapat menjadi objek Perjanjian Banguna Guna Serah dengan Perseroan Terbatas. Perseroan Terbatas mendapatkan hak guna bangunan atas tanah hak pengelolaan melalui Penetapan Pemerintah dalam bentuk Surat Keputusan Pemberian Hak. Pada akhir masa Perjanjian Banguna Guna Serah, tanah dan bangunan beserta sarana pendukungnya diserahkan oleh Perseroan Terbatas kepada pemerintah kabupaten/kota.

  10. PERJANJIAN BANGUN GUNA SERAH ANTARA PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN/KOTA DAN PERSEROAN TERBATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urip Santoso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Status of land that can be controlled by the local government is the right of use and the right of management. The right of management can be the object of Agreement on Build, Operate, and Transfer between the local government and the company. Then, the company gets the right of management through the Government Decision which is written up in to a form of Decree of Granting Rights. In the last term of the Agreement on Build, Operate, and Transfer, the land and the building with all support facilities submitted by company to the local government. Status tanah yang dapat dikuasai oleh pemerintah kabupaten/kota adalah hak pakai dan hak pengelolaan. Tanah yang berstatus hak pengelolaan pemerintah kabupaten/kota yang dapat menjadi objek Perjanjian Banguna Guna Serah dengan Perseroan Terbatas. Perseroan Terbatas mendapatkan hak guna bangunan atas tanah hak pengelolaan melalui Penetapan Pemerintah dalam bentuk Surat Keputusan Pemberian Hak. Pada akhir masa Perjanjian Banguna Guna Serah, tanah dan bangunan beserta sarana pendukungnya diserahkan oleh Perseroan Terbatas kepada pemerintah kabupaten/kota.

  11. Case study of fly ash brick manufacturing units at Kota in Rajasthan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Y.; Saxena, B. K.; Rao, K. V. S.

    2018-03-01

    Kota Super Thermal Power Station of 1240 MW is located at Kota in Rajasthan, India. The quantity of fly ash generated by it is about 1.64 to 2.03 million tonnes per year. This fly ash is being utilized for making bricks, tiles, portland pozzolana cement, construction of highways, and other purposes. 1.79 million tonnes of fly ash was utilized for different applications in one year duration from April 01st, 2015 to March 31st, 2016. Out of this total utilization, 0.6439 million tonnes (36.06 %) of fly ash was used for making bricks, blocks, and tiles. In this paper, a case study of two fly ash brick manufacturing units using fly ash produced from Kota Super Thermal Power Station is described. These units produce about 15,000 and 20,000 bricks respectively by employing 10 and 16 workers each and are making a profit of about Rs. 6,000 and Rs. 8,000 per day in one shift.

  12. KOORDINASI ANTAR LEMBAGA PEMERINTAH DALAM PELAYANAN E-KTP DI KECAMATAN RAPPOCINI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhidayat M

    2013-10-01

      Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui Koordinasi Antar Lembaga Pemerintahan Dalam Pelayanan E- KTP serta untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang menjadi pendukung dan penghambat Koordinasi Antar Lembaga Pemerintah Dalam Pelayanan E-KTP di Kecamatan Rappocini Kota Makassar. Penelitian ini adalah Deskriptif-Kualitatif, Populasi dalam penelitian sekaligus merupakan sampel sebanyak 31 orang. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik berupa observasi, kuesioner serta dikembangkan dengan wawancara kepada responden. Data tersebut dianalisis secara Deskriptip kualitatif yaitu menganalisis semua data yang berhasil dikumpulkan penulis, dan selanjutnya disajikan dalam bentuk tabulasi frekuensi dilengkapi dengan tanggapan responden yang diperoleh dari hasil Informan, wawancara, dan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Koordinasi Antar Lembaga Pemerintah dalam pelayanan e-KTP di Kecamatan Rappocini Kota Makassar dikategorikan kurang efektif dan dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor pendukung dan penghambat. Adapun Faktor penghambat dalam Pelayanan e-KTP yaitu : (a.Kurangnya sarana dan prasaranan perangkat komputer di banding jumlah wajib e-KTP. (b.Rendahnya peran aktif masyarakat ikut antrian dalam pelayanan e-KTP. (c.Kurang proposionalnya operator e-KTP dalam melaksanakan tugas dan tanggung jawab. Sedangkan yang menjadi faktor pendukung dalam pelayanan e-KTP yaitu : (a.Adanya regulasi tentang kebijakan kependudukan dalam pelayanan e-KTP, (b. Adanya anggaran APBD yang proposional dari pemerintah pusat untuk distribusikan setiap Kecamatan yang ada di Kota Makassar.

  13. PERBANDINGAN KINERJA KEUANGAN PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT TAHUN 2009-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jatnika Dwi Asri

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study aims to analyze the comparison of financial performance as well as analyze whether there are differences in financial performance between districts/cities in West Java Province during 2009-2013. The research used the descriptive method with quantitative data analysis technique of financial ratios as well as T test and Mann-Whitney test. The results showed that city government has a higher level of independence ratio than the district. The district effectiveness ratio is very effective with an average of 120.06%. T and Mann-Whitney test results showed no difference between effectiveness ratio, while independence ratio showed the difference. Keyword: Financial performance; Effectiveness Ratio; Independence Ratio   Abstrak.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perbandingan kinerja keuangan serta menganalisis apakah terdapat perbedaan kinerja keuangan antara kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Barat selama 2009-2013. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan teknik analisis data kuantitatif rasio keuangan serta uji T dan uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemerintah kota mempunyai tingkat rasio kemandirian lebih tinggi dibandingkan kabupaten. Rasio efektivitas kabupaten/kota sangat efektif dengan rata-rata 120.06%. Hasil uji T dan Mann-Whitney menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan antara rasio efektivitas, sedangkan rasio kemandirian menunjukkan perbedaan. Kata Kunci: Kinerja Keuangan; Rasio Efektivitas; Rasio Kemandirian

  14. Investigating formation of ‘place attachment’ at pasar lama communities, Kota Tangerang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syahrida, O.; Sumabrata, J.

    2018-03-01

    Place attachment as bonding between people-meaningful places) has been researched quite broadly. Part of this interest stems from the awareness that people–place bonds have become fragile as urbanization, increased mobility, and encroaching environmental problems threaten the existence of/and the connections to, places influences sense of attachment in Pasar Lama, Kota Tangerang. Despite its stauts as a Chinatown, the amount of Chinese inhabitant in Pasar Lama is only 1/5 compared to then total number of Native. Therefore an investigation is needed whether the advances of Kota Tangerang and increasing number of people affecting the formation of place attachment at Pasar Lama Communities. The analysis were conducted through eight factors, such as: physical, social, cultural, personal, memories and experiences, place satisfaction, interaction and activity features, and time factor. Qualitative method (ethnography approach) participatory observation and in-depth interview used as the method of research. The informant of this research are the local figure, local citizen, and local authority. Research concludes that the rapid development of Kota Tangerang and the number of citizens do not significantly affect the formation of place attachment, since both communities in Pasar Lama are considered having high attachment. The other factor is, Place Attachment is valued in contribution, a qualitative value instead sheer number of population. These contributions can be seen in the social, cultural and religious aspect based on factors on Place Attachment.

  15. PERSEPSI PENGEMBANGAN PETA RAWAN GEMPA KOTA SEMARANG MELALUI PENELITIAN HAZARD GEMPA DETERMINISTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windu Partono

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan peta resiko gempa berdasarkan analisa hazard gempa deterministik (DSHA merupakan salah satu tahapan yang sangat penting untuk mitigasi kegempaan Kota Semarang. Penelitian peta resiko gempa mencakup perhitungan hazard gempa, analisa kondisi tanah lokal (SSA dan analisa tingkat resiko kegempaan. Analisa hazard gempa diimplementasikan dengan pendekatan deterministic akibat gempa untuk sumber gempa sesar aktif disekitar Kota Semarang. Parameter geoteknik diperoleh dari hasil pengamatan atau pengujian geoteknik. Hasil dari penelitian ini mencakup pengembangan peta spektra percepatan gerakan tanah di permukaan dan faktor amplifikasi percepatan tanah yang sangat diperlukan pada pengembangan peta rawan gempa Kota Semarang.[Perception Development of Seismic Risk Map Semarang City Through Deterministic Hazard Analysis Research] Development of seismic risk map based on Deterministic Hazard Analysis (DSHA is an important step for seismic disaster mitigation for Semarang City. The study includes estimation of seismic hazard (DSHA, site specific response analysis (SSA and risk assessment. Seismic hazard is performed based on deterministic approach considering shallow crustal fault sources influencing Semarang City. Geotechnical parameters are interpreted from previous geotechnical measurements. The result of the hazard analysis includes the distribution of site response spectral acceleration and amplification ratios are performed corresponding to seismic risk assessment for Semarang City. 

  16. Solidifying power station resins and sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Willis, A.S.D.; Haigh, C.P.

    1984-01-01

    Radioactive ion exchange resins and sludges arise at nuclear power stations from various operations associated with effluent treatment and liquid waste management. As the result of an intensive development programme, the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) has designed a process to convert power station resins and sludges into a shielded, packaged solid monolithic form suitable for final disposal. Research and development, the generic CEGB sludge/resin conditioning plant and the CEGB Active Waste Project are described. (U.K.)

  17. Land application of sewage sludge: Pathogen issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, A.C.

    1997-01-01

    Diseases transmitted via the faecal-oral exposure route cause severe gastroenteric disorders, and large numbers of causative organisms are discharged with the faecal matter of infected individuals. For this reason, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, or helminths, are always found in sewage sludge. If not properly treated for use in agriculture, sludge can be a source of pathogenic contamination. Radiation is an attractive method to reduce the numbers of microorganisms in sewage sludge. Routine examination for pathogens is not practised nor recommended because complicated and costly procedures are involved. Instead, an indicator organism is usually assayed and enumerated. In this paper, methods are discussed for the investigation of pathogens in sewage sludge. (author)

  18. Where to dispose of the sewage sludge?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beurer, P.; Geering, F.

    2001-01-01

    The 'proper' course for the disposal of sewage sludge is a topic that has continually sparked intense discussion for years. New legal regulations have developed which have significantly changed the disposal structure. Nevertheless, the consumer market of agriculture products has an increasing influence on sewage sludge recycling possibilities. In this report, the changes in sewage sludge disposal within the last ten years and the expected development is pointed out. On account of legal guidelines and of political market influences, the thermal recycling of sewage sludge is considered as the future solution, which should, however, be adapted according to marginal situations. (author)

  19. Rheological properties of disintegrated sewage sludge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolski, Paweł

    2017-11-01

    The rheology of the sludge provides information about the capacity and the flow, which in the case of project tasks for the hydraulic conveying installation is an important control parameter. Accurate knowledge of the rheological properties of sludge requires the designation of rheological models. Models single and multiparameter (Ostwald, Bingham, Herschel-Bulkley'a, and others) allow an approximation of flow curves, and the determination of the boundaries of the flow of modified sludge allows you to control the process compaction or are dewatered sludge undergoing flow. The aim of the study was to determine the rheological parameters and rheological models of sludge conditioned by physical methods before and after the process of anaerobic digestion. So far, studies have shown that the application of conditioning in the preparation of sewage sludge increases shear stress, viscosity as well as the limits of flow in relation to the untreated sludge. Offset yield point by the application of a conditioning agent is associated with decreased flowability tested sludge, which has also been observed by analyzing the structure of the prepared samples. Lowering the yield point, and thus the shear stress was recorded as a result of the fermentation test of disintegrated sludge.

  20. Radioactive contamination of sewage sludge. Preliminary data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soeder, C J; Zanders, E; Raphael, T

    1986-01-01

    Because of the radioactivity released through the explosion of the nuclear reactor near Chernobyl radionuclides have been accumulated to a significant extent in sewage sludge in the Federal Republic of Germany. This is demonstrated for samples from four activated sludge plants according to a recent recommendation of the German Commission for Radiation Protection, there is until now no reason to deviate from the common practices of sludge disposal or incineration. The degree of radioactive contamination of plant materials produced on farm lands on which sewage sludge is being spread cannot be estimated with sufficient certainty yet. Additional information is required.

  1. Sewage sludge as a biomass energy source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Kolat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The major part of the dry matter content of sewage sludge consists of nontoxic organic compounds, in general a combination of primary sludge and secondary microbiological sludge. The sludge also contains a substantive amount of inorganic material and a small amount of toxic components. There are many sludge-management options in which production of energy is one of the key treatment steps. The most important options are anaerobic digestion, co-digestion, incineration in combination with energy recovery and co-incineration in coal-fired power plants. The goal of our applied research is to verify, if the sludge from waste water treatment plants may be used as a biomass energy source in respect of the EU legislation, which would comply with emission limits or the proposal of energy process optimizing the preparation of coal/sludge mixture for combustion in the existing fluid bed boilers in the Czech Republic. The paper discusses the questions of thermal usage of mechanically drained stabilized sewage sludge from the waste water treatment plants in the boiler with circulated fluid layer. The paper describes methods of thermal analysis of coal, sewage sludge and its mixtures, mud transport to the circulating fluidised bed boiler, effects on efficiency, operational reliability of the combustion equipment, emissions and solid combustion residues.

  2. A review of modeling approaches in activated sludge systems

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use

    Key words: Mathematical modeling, water, wastewater, wastewater treatment plants, activated sludge systems. INTRODUCTION ... sedimentation processes which take place in the aeration ...... activated sludge waste water treatment systems.

  3. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DINAS PERTANIAN DAN KETAHANAN PANGAN KOTA TANGERANG SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dini Maharani Arum Rimadianti

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to analyze the food security condition, to analyze the external and internal factors that affect food security and to formulate strategies for improving food security in Tangerang Selatan. The primary data was collected by conducting a focus group discussion and questionnaire filling with purposive sampling technique. Descriptive method on secondary data such as food availability was used to analyze the food security condition. Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE matrix and External Factor Evaluation (EFE matrix were used to formulate strategies. Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT matrix was used to determine the alternative strategies and Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM was used to determine among feasible alternative strategies. The results showed that the most important internal factor is commitment of the regional leader and the most important external factor is geographical location of Tangerang Selatan. The total weighted score IFE matrix of 2.86 is average and EFE matrix of 2.81 is above the average. The SWOT matrix showed that the government of Tangerang Selatan may need to “improve food availability” because of “food price volatility”. The QSPM sum total attractiveness scores of 3.76 indicate that the government of Tangerang Selatan should “improve triple helix relations among university, industry, and government” as the strategy to improve food security in South Tangerang.Keywords: EFE matrix, food security, IFE matrix, QSPM, SWOTABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kondisi ketahanan pangan, menganalisis faktor eksternal dan internal yang memengaruhi ketahanan pangan serta merumuskan strategi guna meningkatkan kondisi ketahanan pangan di Kota Tangerang Selatan. Data primer diperoleh berdasarkan hasil focus group discussion dan pengisian kuesioner oleh subjek terpilih. Analisis deskriptif pada data sekunder antara lain ketersediaan

  4. Faktor Penghambat Operasionalisasi Kunjungan Rumah di SMA Negeri se-Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juwita Nasruddin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian dilaksanakan berdasarkan fenomena di lapangan pada saat penulis melaksanakan Praktik Pengalaman Lapangan (PPL di SMP Negeri 8 Semarang dan observasi awal di SMA Negeri 8 Semarang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui apa faktor penghambat operasionalisasi Home Visit di SMA Negeri se-kota Semarang tahun ajaran 2014/2015. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan oleh penulis dalam penelitian ini yaitu jenis penelitian survei. Untuk populasi pada penelitian ini adalah semua guru BK di SMA se-kota Semarang yaitu sejumlah 59 guru BK. Sampel yang digunakan adalah sejumlah populasi yang ada. Sedangkan instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan angket. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif persentase. Hasil yang ditemukan bahwa faktor penghambat operasionalisasi Home Visit di SMA Negeri se-kota Semarang mengalami hambatan cukup tinggi dengan presentase sebesar 65,03%. Simpulan yang didapatkan adalah Faktor Penghambat Operasionalisasi Kunjungan Rumah (Home visit di SMA Negeri se-kota Semarang adalah kurangnya pemahaman dari guru BK berkaitan dengan Home Visit. Adapun saran yang diberikan kepada guru BK SMA Negeri se-kota Semarang adalah untuk mempelajari hakikat Home Visit dan melaksanakan prosedur operasionalisasi Home Visit dengan baik dan benar dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi, analisis evaluasi, tindak lanjut hingga laporan. The research was conducted based on the phenomenon on the ground when implementing writer Practice Field Experience (PPL in SMPN 8 Semarang and preliminary observations in SMAN 8 Semarang. The purpose of this study to determine what factors inhibiting the operation of the Home Visit at all SMA Negeri in Semarang throughout the academic year 2014/2015. The type research used by the writer in this study is a survey research. The population in this study were all counselors at SMA in Semarang city. There were 59 counselors. The sample used were as many as the population

  5. Flypaper Effect pada Kinerja Keuangan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amril Amril

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fenomena flypaper effect pada kinerja keuangan kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Untuk tujuan tersebut dikembangkan dua model regresi data panel yang memperlihatkan keterkaitan antara perilaku belanja pemerintah daerah dengan penerimaan daerah. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1 Dana bagi hasil (DBH, dana alokasi (DA, lag belanja operasional (Boit_1 dan dummy otonomi (DO berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja operasional kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja operasional lebih besar dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja operasional, yang artinya terjadi flypaper effect pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi; 2 Dana bagi hasil (DBH, dana alokasi (DA, pendapatan perkapita (Y dan dummy otonomi (DO berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja modal kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja modal lebih kecil dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja modal, yang artinya terjadi flypaper effect pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dimana DA cenderung digunakan untuk membiayai belanja operasional. Kata kunci : Dana Perimbangan, Belanja Modal, Belanja Operasional.     Abstract This study aims to analyze the phenomenon of flypaper on the financial performance of the district / city in the province of Jambi. For this purpose developed two panel data regression model showing the relationship between the behavior of local government expenditure by the regional income. The research found that: 1 Revenue-sharing (DBH, allocation funds (DA, lag operational expenditure (Boit_1 and dummy autonomy (DO significantly affect the operational expenditure district / city in the province of Jambi. The effect of DA on operating expenditure is greater than from DBH to operational expenditure, which means there flypaper in the district / city in the province of Jambi; 2 Revenue-sharing (DBH, funds allocation (DA, per

  6. Gas composition of sludge residue profiles in a sludge treatment reed bed between loadings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Julie Dam; Nielsen, Steen M; Scheutz, Charlotte

    2017-01-01

    Treatment of sludge in sludge treatment reed bed systems includes dewatering and mineralization. The mineralization process, which is driven by microorganisms, produces different gas species as by-products. The pore space composition of the gas species provides useful information on the biological...... processes occurring in the sludge residue. In this study, we measured the change in composition of gas species in the pore space at different depth levels in vertical sludge residue profiles during a resting period of 32 days. The gas composition of the pore space in the sludge residue changed during...

  7. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH, INVESTASI DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI KOTA SEMARANG MELALUI MICE (MEETING, INCENTIVE, CONVENTION DAN EXHIBITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tika Putri Pratiwi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Semarang sebagai ibukota Provinsi Jawa Tengah memiliki potensi yang besar dalam mengembangkan sektor industri dan pariwisata. Langkah awal pemerintah yang serius dalam mengolah kedua industri ini yaitu dengan menjadikan Kota Semarang sebagai salah satu destinasi MICE (Meeting, Incentive, Convention, Exhibition. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memilih strategi apa yang dapat dilakukan dalam pembangunan Kota Semarang Melalui MICE. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer bersumber dari hasil pengisian kuesioner oleh pihak dinas dan Swasta. Data sekunder dalam penelitian ini berupa data-data yang diperoleh dari dinas terkait serta Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan Kota Semarang dan jurnal serta literatur yang berkaitan dengan penelitian. Metode analisis yang digunakan yaituAnalitical Hierarki Process (AHP dan diolah menggunakan expert choice versi 9.0. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa strategi pembangunan Kota Semarang melalui MICE dapat mengutamakan pada kriteria (1 peningkatan sektor investasi dengan bobot tertinggi yaitu sebesar 0,614 dan dilanjutkan dengan (2 memperbaiki pertumbuhan ekonomi kota dengan bobot 0,260, sehingga akan membantu dalam (3 peningkatan Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kota Semarang melalui MICE dengan bobot 0,126. Berdasarkan temuan tersebut, saran yang dapat disampaikan yaitu Memperkenalkan Kota Semarang melalui jalur promosi dengan menggunakan media-media sosal dan media elektronik. Hal tersebut merupakan salah satu alternatif membuka investasi yang lebih luas di Kota Semarang, sehingga tidak hanya masyarakat dalam negeri namun masyarakat internasional juga dapat lebih mengenal Kota Semarang. Memperbanyak even berskala nasional maupun internasional yang diselenggarakan di Kota Semarang dan lebih memperkenalkan Kota Semarang baik di dalam maupun di luar negeri. Memberikan pelatihan

  8. PEMAHAMAN FENOMENA PENGETAHUAN ARSITEKTUR KAMPUNG KOTA (KASUS : KAMPUNG BUSTAMAN BERBASIS KULINER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Sudarwanto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK. Kampung menjadi hambatan besar dalam proses modernisasi perkotaan di era globalisasi. 70 % area perkotaan di negara sedang berkembang seperti Indonesia adalah kampung. Kampung masih dipandang sebagai sisi negatif dan sebagai beban perkotaan. Fakta empiris menunjukan bahwa kampung kota melakukan kegiatan kehidupan sehari-hari secara mandiri. Kampung memiliki kekuatan lokal yang berbeda, masing-masing kampung menunjukan kekhususan yang dimiliki kampung. Secara umum, aspek sosial merupakan kekuatan lokal suatu kampung. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mencari pemahaman awal tentang kampung kota dalam dimensi ilmu arsitektur kota, melalui pendekatan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Analisa matriks antara keilmuan arsitektur dan konteks keberlanjutan kampung kota dipahami sebagai upaya pengembagan pengetahuan dini tentang keunikan dan kompleksitas kampung kota berbasis kuliner. Prosedur penelitian kualitatif digunakan dalam tahap-tahap kegiatan penelitian. Kampung Bustaman salah satu kampung kota yang mampu memberikan inspirasi gagasan/ide bagi kampung yang lain. Bustaman merupakan pengetahuan baru tentang arsitektur kampung di era kekinian, yang menunjukan kekuatan lokal yang dinamis dan sinergik. Kampung Bustaman menunjukan kelebihan dan kekurangan sebagai satu kampung kota pada umumnya. Kelebihan tersebut antara lain adalah potensial artefak dalam lingkungan kampung, kegiatan ekonomi lokal kuliner, keterbukaan sistem kekerabatan sosial, budaya masyarakat perkotaan kekinian, dan keterbukaan bagi pihak luar. Sedang kelemahannya adalah infrastruktur yang rentan, kondisi fisik lingkungan yang rendah, dan tingkat sosial ekonomi penghuni yang lemah.   Kata kunci:Bustaman, Arsitektur, Kampung, Fenomena, Berkelanjutan.   ABSTRACT. Kampung is a major obstacle in the process of urban modernization in the era of globalization. 70% of urban areas in developing countries such as Indonesia are home. Kampung still seen as a negative side and as an urban

  9. Effects of different sludge disintegration methods on sludge moisture distribution and dewatering performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Lingyun; Zhang, Guangming; Zheng, Xiang

    2015-02-01

    A key step in sludge treatment is sludge dewatering. However, activated sludge is generally very difficult to be dewatered. Sludge dewatering performance is largely affected by the sludge moisture distribution. Sludge disintegration can destroy the sludge structure and cell wall, so as change the sludge floc structure and moisture distribution, thus affecting the dewatering performance of sludge. In this article, the disintegration methods were ultrasound treatment, K2FeO4 oxidation and KMnO4 oxidation. The degree of disintegration (DDCOD), sludge moisture distribution and the final water content of sludge cake after centrifuging were measured. Results showed that three disintegration methods were all effective, and K2FeO4 oxidation was more efficient than KMnO4 oxidation. The content of free water increased obviously with K2FeO4 and KMnO4 oxidations, while it decreased with ultrasound treatment. The changes of free water and interstitial water were in the opposite trend. The content of bounding water decreased with K2FeO4 oxidation, and increased slightly with KMnO4 oxidation, while it increased obviously with ultrasound treatment. The water content of sludge cake after centrifuging decreased with K2FeO4 oxidation, and did not changed with KMnO4 oxidation, but increased obviously with ultrasound treatment. In summary, ultrasound treatment deteriorated the sludge dewaterability, while K2FeO4 and KMnO4 oxidation improved the sludge dewaterability. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  10. Speciation of mercury in sludge solids: washed sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bannochie, C. J. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Lourie, A. P. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-10-24

    The objective of this applied research task was to study the type and concentration of mercury compounds found within the contaminated Savannah River Site Liquid Waste System (SRS LWS). A method of selective sequential extraction (SSE), developed by Eurofins Frontier Global Sciences1,2 and adapted by SRNL, utilizes an extraction procedure divided into seven separate tests for different species of mercury. In the SRNL’s modified procedure four of these tests were applied to a washed sample of high level radioactive waste sludge.

  11. Pathogen reduction in sludges by irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brandon, J.R.

    1979-01-01

    There is international interest in the use of ionizing radiation in waste water and sludge treatment. Results of programs to study effects of radiation on disease-causing microbes commonly found in wastewater sludges will be discussed. Although emphasis will be on the work conducted at Sandia Laboratories, the discussion will include work in progress in West Germany, France, South Africa, and other countries

  12. Sustainability of Domestic Sewage Sludge Disposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Bruna Rizzardini

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Activated sludge is now one of the most widely used biological processes for the treatment of wastewaters from medium to large populations. It produces high amounts of sewage sludge that can be managed and perceived in two main ways: as a waste it is discharged in landfill, as a fertilizer it is disposed in agriculture with direct application to soil or subjected to anaerobic digestion and composting. Other solutions, such as incineration or production of concrete, bricks and asphalt play a secondary role in terms of their degree of diffusion. The agronomical value of domestic sewage sludge is a proved question, which may be hidden by the presence of several pollutants such as heavy metals, organic compounds and pathogens. In this way, the sustainability of sewage sludge agricultural disposal requires a value judgment based on knowledge and evaluation of the level of pollution of both sewage sludge and soil. The article analyzed a typical Italian case study, a water management system of small communities, applying the criteria of evaluation of the last official document of European Union about sewage sludge land application, the “Working Document on Sludge (3rd draft, 2000”. The report brought out good sewage sludge from small wastewater treatment plants and soils quality suggesting a sustainable application.

  13. Electron beam disinfection of sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hashimoto, Shoji

    1992-01-01

    Electron beam treatment of dehydrated sewage sludge for safe reutilization was performed. Ranges of total bacterial counts and total coliforms in the sludge were from 1.5 x 10 8 to 1.6 x 10 9 and from 2.2 x 10 7 to 1.5 x 10 8 per wet gram, respectively. Total bacterial counts decreased about 5 log cycles after irradiating 5 kGy and irradiation with 2 kGy was enough to kill all coliforms in sewage sludge. The survival curves of total bacteria, obtained by irradiation in oxygen atmosphere, approached to that in nitrogen atmosphere with the increase of sludge thickness. No effects of dose rate and electron energy were found when the sludge layers were thin enough. Continuous disinfection of sewage sludge cake, with the maximum feed rate of 300 kg-sludge/hr, was successfully performed with a Cockcroft-Walton type electron accelerator, a sludge pump and a flat nozzle. (J.P.N.)

  14. Viscosity evolution of anaerobic granular sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pevere, A.; Guibaud, G.; Hullebusch, van E.D.; Lens, P.N.L.; Baudu, M.

    2006-01-01

    The evolution of the apparent viscosity at steady shear rate of sieved anaerobic granular sludge (20¿315 ¿m diameter) sampled from different full-scale anaerobic reactors was recorded using rotation tests. The ¿limit viscosity¿ of sieved anaerobic granular sludge was determined from the apparent

  15. Filterability and Sludge Concentration in Membrane Bioreactors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lousada-Ferreira, M.

    2011-01-01

    The Thesis entitled “Filterability and Sludge Concentration in Membrane Bioreactors” aims at explaining the relation between Mixed Liquid Suspended Solids (MLSS) concentration, the amount of solids in the wastewater being treated, also designated as sludge, and filterability, being the ability of

  16. Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion of Sewage Sludge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Yoshizo; Nojima, Tomoyuki; Kakuta, Akihiko; Moritomi, Hiroshi

    A conceptual design of an energy recovering system from sewage sludge was proposed. This system consists of a pressurized fluidized bed combustor, a gas turbine, and a heat exchanger for preheating of combustion air. Thermal efficiency was estimated roughly as 10-25%. In order to know the combustion characteristics of the sewage sludge under the elevated pressure condition, combustion tests of the dry and wet sewage sludge were carried out by using laboratory scale pressurized fluidized bed combustors. Combustibility of the sewage sludge was good enough and almost complete combustion was achieved in the combustion of the actual wet sludge. CO emission and NOx emission were marvelously low especially during the combustion of wet sewage sludge regardless of high volatile and nitrogen content of the sewage sludge. However, nitrous oxide (N2O) emission was very high. Hence, almost all nitrogen oxides were emitted as the form of N2O. From these combustion tests, we judged combustion of the sewage sludge with the pressurized fluidized bed combustor is suitable, and the conceptual design of the power generation system is available.

  17. Gravitational sedimentation of flocculated waste activated sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, C P; Lee, D J; Tay, J H

    2003-01-01

    The sedimentation characteristics of flocculated wastewater sludge have not been satisfactorily explored using the non-destructive techniques, partially owing to the rather low solid content (ca. 1-2%) commonly noted in the biological sediments. This paper investigated, for the first time, the spatial-temporal gravitational settling characteristics of original and polyelectrolyte flocculated waste activated sludge using Computerized Axial Tomography Scanner. The waste activated sludge possessed a distinct settling characteristic from the kaolin slurries. The waste activated sludges settled more slowly and reached a lower solid fraction in the final sediment than the latter. Flocculation markedly enhanced the settleability of both sludges. Although the maximum achievable solid contents for the kaolin slurries were reduced, flocculation had little effects on the activated sludge. The purely plastic rheological model by Buscall and White (J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 1(83) (1987) 873) interpreted the consolidating sediment data, while the purely elastic model by Tiller and Leu (J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Eng. 11 (1980) 61) described the final equilibrated sediment. Flocculation produced lower yield stress during transient settling, thereby resulting in the more easily consolidated sludge than the original sample. Meanwhile, the flocculated activated sludge was stiffer in the final sediment than in the original sample. The data reported herein are valuable to the theories development for clarifier design and operation.

  18. SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS UNTUK PERJALANAN WISATA DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Manongga

    2009-01-01

    kedua. Dalam bagian kedua ini, wisatawan telah merencanakan perjalanan, tempat yang dikunjungi, apa yang ingin dilakukan, dan informasi yang ingin diperoleh. Informasi dari buku panduan dan peta membantu pencarian lokasi atau rute yang perlu ditempuh dan membantu mencari lokasi. Untuk penyediaan informasi, Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG merupakan alat bantu yang tepat untuk menangani masalah ini. SIG memiliki kemampuan untuk menyediakan informasi dan menampilkan dalam bentuk peta. Peta terdiri dari data dan deskripsi tentang data. SIG dapat menyediakan informasi seperti hotel, restoran, tempat wisata, bank dan lainnya, jalan yang menghubungkan tempat-tempat tersebut, maupun deskripsi tentang tempat dan jalan. Sistem diimplementasikan di kota Semarang, dengan menyediakan tools untuk searching dan informasi tentang fasilitas wisata beserta foto untuk wisatawan. Dengan kemampuan SIG, wisatawan mempunyai panduan untuk membantu perjalanan di Semarang. Kata kunci: perjalanan wisata, Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG, Semarang

  19. ANALISIS SITUASI PENGELOLAAN OBAT PUBLIK Dl BEBERAPA KABUPATEN/KOTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Joseph Herman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Drugs as an essential element in health care must be available at the time they are needed. Accessibility to essential drugs is a public right, therefore it is the government responsibility to make them available. Before the era of regional autonomy, public drug management in all districts/cities was performed by the so-called District Pharmaceutical Warehouses (Gudang Farmasi  Kesehatan. However. at present the situation has changed  because of differences in vision and perception  of each regional government on the past warehouses. Some public drug management  units in certain districts/cities are not functioning optimally. Inefficient drug procurement on numbers and kinds of drugs as well as timeliness result in gap between drug needs and procurement. Furthermore, loosening in drug supply procedure makes essential drugs more inavailable to public. On the other hand, decentralization  policy in drug management  also undeniably  provides advantages to districts, for example capacity  building  in drug procurement, increasing capability in budget management and negotiation with district decision makers as well as enhancing regional economic activity. In revitalizing district pharmaceutical warehouses as to attain minimal health care standards in districts/cities (Keputusan MenKes No.1457 tahun 2003, baseline data in drug management  and financing in several districts/cities should therefore give a valuable contribution. A cross sectional descriptive  study had been carried out during July to December  2006 in 26 districts/cities out of 11 provinces. Samples were 26 district health offices (Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota, 26 district pharmaceutical warehouses (GFK and 52 primary health cares (Puskesmas, i.e. two PHCs from each district, where as respondents were heads of drug section, heads of warehouse and drug provider, respectively. Data were collected by structured questionnaires and analysis of effectiveness and

  20. PEMBERDAYAAN APARATUR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KINERJA DI KECAMATAN BATU, KOTA BATU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROBIQ - YUNIANTO

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 Mendeskripsikan, menganalisa dan mengintepretasikan aspek-aspek yang berhubungan dengan bentuk dan teknik/cara-cara pemberdayaan aparatur; (2 Mendeskripsikan, menganalisa dan menginteprestasikan aspek-aspek yang berhubungan dengan upaya meningkatkan kinerja aparatur Kecamatan Batu. Penelitian yang dilakukan pada Kecamatan Batu Kota Batu ini menggunakan jenis Penelitian Diskriptif Kualitatif yang terbatas pada usaha mengungkapkan suatu masalah dan keadaan atau peristiwa sebagaimana adanya, sehingga bersifat sekedar untuk mengungkapkan fakta. Oleh sebab itu, penelitian ini lebih menekankan pada makna dari suatu proses daripada sekedar perhitungan statistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa upaya pemberdayaan aparatur yang ditempuh melalui bentuk dan tehnik atau cara-cara pemberdayaan secara langsung maupun tidak langsung telah diselenggarakan kendati belum optimal. Berbagai bentuk pemberdayaan aparatur yang diselenggarakan antara lain: (a Pendidikan dan pelatihan, yang berfungsi meningkatkan kualitas manajerial dan profesionalisme aparatur; (b Penyelenggaraan motivasi secara umum yang terdiri atas peningkatan penghasilan dan kesejahteraan aparatur, penyediaan sarana dan prasarana kerja, penyediaan sumberdaya keuangan pendukung kinerja dan pemberian penghargaan dan hukuman menghendaki adanya komitmen, peranan dan tanggung jawab lebih dari unsur pimpinan organisasi.  Teknik pemberdayaan aparatur ditempuh melalui serangkaian aktivitas penetapan visi, misi dan hasil capaian yang dikehendaki bersama, pendelegasian wewenang dan pengelolaan  sumberdaya organisasi, serta evaluasi pertanggungjawaban atas hasil capaian. Semua ini menunjukkan isyarat kurangnya keseriusan/ ketidak sungguhan sebagian pihak aparatur dalam unit kerja. Proses penetapan visi, misi hanya sekedar memenuhi aspek formalitas saja. Kinerja aparatur yang merupakan potret indikasi keberhasilan maupun kegagalan dalam proses pencapaian tujuan

  1. Waste sludge resuspension and transfer: development program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weeren, H.O.; Mackey, T.S.

    1980-02-01

    The six Gunite waste tanks at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) contain about 400,000 gal of sludge that has precipitated from solution and settled during the 35 years these tanks have been in service. Eventual decommissioning of the tanks has been proposed. The first part of this program is to resuspend the accumulated sludge, to transfer it to new storage tanks in Melton Valley, and to dispose of it by the shale-fracturing process. On the basis of preliminary information, a tentative operational concept was adopted. The sludge in each tank would be resuspended by hydraulic sluicing and pumped from the tank. This resuspended sludge would be treated as necessary to keep the particles in suspension and would be pumped to the new waste-storage tanks. Subsequently the sludge would be pumped from the tanks, combined with a cement-base mix, and disposed of by the shale-fracturing facility. Verification of the feasibility of this concept required development effort on characterization of the sludge and development of techniques for resuspending the sludge and for keeping it in suspension. These development efforts are described in this report. Sections of the report describe both the known properties of the sludge and the tests of grinding methods investigated, discuss tests of various suspenders, describe tests with cement-base mixes, summarize hot-cell tests on actual sludge samples, and describe tests that were made at a mockup of a Gunite tank installation. On the basis of the tests made, it was concluded that reslurrying and resuspension of the sludge is quite feasible and that the suspensions can be made compatible with cement mixes

  2. Physical property characterization of 183-H Basin sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biyani, R.K.; Delegard, C.H.

    1995-01-01

    This document describes the characterization of 183-H Basin sludge physical properties, e.g. bulk density of sludge and absorbent, and determination of free liquids. Calcination of crucible-size samples of sludge was also done and the resulting 'loss-on-ignition' was compared to the theoretical weight loss based on sludge analysis obtained from Weston Labs

  3. Dewaterability of sludge digested in extended aeration plants using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dewaterability of unconditioned sludge digested in full scale and lab scale experiments using either extended aeration (EA) or anaerobic digestion were compared on full and lab scale sand drying beds. Sludge digested in EA plants resulted in improvement in sludge dewaterability compared to sludge digested ...

  4. Sewage sludge pasteurization by gamma radiation: financial viability case studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swinwood, J.F.; Kotler, J.

    1990-01-01

    This paper examines the financial viability of sewage sludge pasteurization by gamma radiation, by examining the following three North American scenarios: 1. Small volume sewage treatment plant experiencing high sludge disposal costs; 2. Large volume sewage treatment plant experiencing low sludge disposal costs; 3. Large volume sewage treatment plant experiencing high sludge disposal costs. (author)

  5. Sewage sludge pasteurization by gamma radiation: financial viability case studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swinwood, J.F.; Kotler, J. (Nordion International Inc., Kanata, Ontario (Canada))

    1990-01-01

    This paper examines the financial viability of sewage sludge pasteurization by gamma radiation, by examining the following three North American scenarios: 1. Small volume sewage treatment plant experiencing high sludge disposal costs; 2. Large volume sewage treatment plant experiencing low sludge disposal costs; 3. Large volume sewage treatment plant experiencing high sludge disposal costs. (author).

  6. Sewage sludge pasteurization by gamma radiation: Financial viability case studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swinwood, Jean F.; Kotler, Jiri

    This paper examines the financial viability of sewage sludge pasteurization by gamma radiation, by examining the following three North American scenarios: 1) Small volume sewage treatment plant experiencing high sludge disposal costs. 2) Large volume sewage treatment plant experiencing low sludge disposal costs. 3) Large volume sewage treatment plant experiencing high sludge disposal costs.

  7. The beneficial usage of water treatment sludge as pottery product ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The disposal of sludge from water treatment operations has become a major problem in Malaysia. The problem becomes acute because of scarcity of space for installation of sludge treatment facilities and disposal of treated sludge. Traditionally, treated sludge from water treatment plant will be sent to landfill for disposal.

  8. REEMISSION OF MERCURY COMPOUNDS FROM SEWAGE SLUDGE DISPOSAL

    OpenAIRE

    Beata Janowska

    2016-01-01

    The sewage sludge disposal and cultivation methods consist in storage, agricultural use, compost production, biogas production or heat treatment. The sewage sludge production in municipal sewage sludge treatment plants in year 2013 in Poland amounted to 540.3 thousand Mg d.m. The sewage sludge for agricultural or natural use must satisfy chemical, sanitary and environmental safety requirements. The heavy metal content, including the mercury content, determines the sewage sludge disposal metho...

  9. Factors affecting the consolidation of steam generator sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turner, C. W.; Shamsuzzaman, K.; Tapping, R. L.

    1993-02-15

    It is hypothesized that sludge consolidation is promoted by chemical reactions involving the various sludge constituents, although the hardness of the final product will also depend on the total porosity. Oxidizing conditions and higher temperatures produce a harder sludge. The precipitation of Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}, a potential binding agent, may also promote sludge consolidation. Several solutions to prevent sludge consolidation are suggested. (Author) 3 figs., 4 tabs., 3 refs.

  10. Aquatic worm reactor for improved sludge processing and resource recovery

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrickx, T.L.G.

    2009-01-01

    Municipal waste water treatment is mainly achieved by biological processes. These processes produce huge volumes of waste sludge (up 1.5 million m3/year in the Netherlands). Further processing of the waste sludge involves transportation, thickening and incineration. A decrease in the amount of waste sludge would be both environmentally and economically attractive. Aquatic worms can be used to reduce the amount of waste sludge. After predation by the worms, the amount of final sludge is lower....

  11. Perilaku Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Anorganik di Kecamatan Abepura Kota Jayapura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Abrauw

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Abepura Kota Jayapura Provinsi Papua. Pengelolaan sampah anorganik yang dilakukan di wilayah ini digali melalui kajian perilaku masyarakat. Tujuan dilakukan penelitian ini adalah untuk 1 mengkaji karakteristik sosial-ekonomi masyarakat di daerah penelitian; 2 mengakaji perilaku masyarakat Kecamatan Abepura dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik; 3 mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku masyarakat guna mewujudkan Kota Jayapura yang BERIMAN.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karakteristik sosial-ekonomi masyarakat yang meliputi pendidikan formal  responden 90% sangat tinggi (SLTA-Sarjana, 62,7% profesi responden (PNS/wiraswata, jumlah anggota keluarga (4-5 orang cukup besar. Pendapatan responden (3.000.000-4.000.000 cukup besar, jumlah penduduk non Papua cukup tinggi 60%. Perilaku dominan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik menunjukan dominan sedang (95%. Perilaku masyarakat dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik menunjukkan gejala apatisme terhadap lingkungan dan ikut menunjang program pemerintah menjadikan Kota Jayapura yang BERIMAN. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku sedang dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik secara signifikan terpengaruh kuat adalah pengetahuan terhadap perilaku masyarakat karena kurangnya sosialisasi pemerintah kepada masyarakat terkait UU No 18 Tahun 2008 dan PERDA Jayapura Kota BERIMAN dan pengelolaan sampah, serta faktor lingkungan budaya (suku bangsa/adat istiadat masyarakat yang meliputi adanya kurang kepedulian terhadap kondisi lingkungan Kota Jayapura baik dari suku asli Papua dan non Papua dalam perilaku pengelolaan sampah anorganik. Sedangkan jumlah anggota keluarga, jenis pekerjaan, tingkat pendidikan, pendapatan menunjukkan arah hubungan negatif dengan sifat korelasi lemah terhadap perilaku pengelolaan sampah anorganik.       ABSTRACT This research was conducted in AbepuraSubdistrict, Jayapura City, Papua Province. The inorganic waste management in

  12. Karakteristik Inovasi Kebijakan Kantong Plastik Tidak Gratis Bagi Ibu Rumah Tangga Di Kota Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meria Octavianti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bandung become one of the pilot areas of “Kantong Plastik Tidak Gratis” policy which is a pilot project to resolve the plastic garbage problem in Indonesia. At trial implementation of this policy, the mothers of households in the Bandung City, which is the main target of the policy, are required to bring their own shopping bags or have to spend money to pay for plastic bags that they will use. As an innovation, this policy has five characteristics that can be assessed to determine whether the policy can be easily accepted or difficult. According to Rogers, the five policy are relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability, and observability (1983. Accordingly, this study aims to reveal how the assessment of mother - housewife in the city of Bandung on the five characteristics of innovation policy. The theory used as the basis of this research is the theory Innovation Diffusion from Everett M. Rogers. Survey method used in this research, with distributing questionnaires to 103 housewives in Bandung, which has been selected by using multistage cluster sampling technique to get primary data. Moreover, interviews and literature study conducted to obtain secondary data in this study. The results showed that the characteristics of innovation policy consisting of relative advantage, compatibility, triability, and observability overall rated high by mothers of households in Bandung City. While the characteristics of the complexity of the policy rated low because the majority of mothers of households think that this policy is easy to apply. It can be concluded that the characteristics of innovation policy is considered to be good by the mother of households in Bandung City . Kota Bandung dijadikan salah satu tempat uji coba dari kebijakan kantong plastik tidak gratis yang merupakan pilot project untuk mengatasi permasalahan sampah plastik di Indonesia. Pada pelaksanaan uji coba kebijakan ini, ibu-ibu rumah tangga di Kota Bandung, yang

  13. Kompetisi Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam pada Madrasah Tsanawiyah di Kota Mataram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustiani S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to measure the difference in competence between certified teachers  and non certified teachers in Mataram. Teachers examined in this study are teachers of religion in MTs. This articleis a quantitative research using causal comperative method. The research design use factoral design 2x2. The technical of analysis data in this research include descriptive analysis, requirements test analysis, and inferential analysis. The study shows that here are differences in Islamic Education Teachers’ competence in MTs in Mataram. Further test shows that the results of certified teachers competency arebetter than the teachers who have not been certified. There is no difference in Islamic Education Teachers’ competence based on the teacher’s tenure. There is no interaction between teacher’s status and teacher’s tenure. This means that the status and tenure arethe two factors which are mutually independent. There were no differences between the student learning result who is taught by certified teachers and uncertified teachers in Mataram. There is difference in student learning result based on the teacher’s tenure.There is no interaction between student learning result based on the status and the tenure of teachers in Mataram. It is concluded that certified teachers in Mataram has a good profile.Keywords: Competence, Islamic Education Teachers, Certification. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur perbedaan kompetensi guru PAI MTs antara yang telah tersertifikasi maupun yang belum tersertifikasi di Kota Mataram. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan metode perbandingan kausal (causal comparative desain faktoral 2x2. Teknis analisis data dalam penelitian ini meliputi analisis deskripstif, uji persyaratan, dan analisis inferensial. Hasil penelitian ini diperoleh 7 temuan sebagai berikut. (1 Terdapat perbedaan kompetensi guru PAI MTs di kota Mataram. Hasil uji

  14. KAJIAN PENGARUH MODERATING KELOMPOK PENGGUNA DALAM PENERIMAAN GSM-WLAN DI KOTA BANDUNG BERDASARKAN MODEL UTAUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarif Hidayatulloh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - The increasing use of the internet is testament to the rapid development of technology. GSM-WLAN is one technology that is manifested by the provider with the aim can hit 3G and 4G technology which requires a very large investment funds for the internet service provider. One of its main objectives is the big cities that became the majority of the largest internet usage in Indonesia, Bandung City region was no exception as the capital of the province and city tours. Therefore please note the acceptance of these technologies in the community. The model that is used to find out the level of acceptance and use of such technology is a Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT. In this study examined factors that supposedly affects the acceptance and use of technology GSM-WLAN in Bandung. Those factors among other performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating conditions and price value to account for the contribution of each variable to predict the user's stance on such technology by using user groups as a moderator variable. Data processing method used is a Structural Equation Models (SEM that use software AMOS. The data processing of the obtained results performance expectancy value and price effect on attitudes toward the use of GSM technology-WLAN. While the moderator variable user groups influence on the attitude of the users in using GSM technology WLAN. Keywords: Internet, WLAN, GSM-UTAUT, SEM Abstrak - Penggunaan internet yang semakin meningkatnya merupakan bukti perkembangan teknologi yang sangat pesat. GSM-WLAN merupakan salah satu teknologi yang dihadirkan oleh para provider dengan tujuan dapat menekan penggunaan teknologi 3G dan 4G yang memerlukan innvestasi dana yang sangat besar bagi para penyedia layanan internet. Salah satu sasaran utamanya ialah kota-kota besar yang menjadi mayoritas penggunaan internet terbesar di Indonesia, tidak terkecuali wilayah Kota Bandung sebagai Ibu kota

  15. Electroosmotic dewatering of chalk sludge, iron hydroxide sludge, wet fly ash and biomass sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, H.K.; Christensen, Iben Vernegren; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.

    2003-01-01

    . Casagrande's coefficients were determined for the four materials at different water contents. The experiments in this work showed that chalk could be dewatered from 40% to 79% DM (dry matter), fly ash from 75 to 82% DM, iron hydroxide sludge from 2.7 to 19% DM and biomass from 3 to 33% DM by electroosmosis....... The process was not optimised indicating that higher dry matter contents could be achieved by electroosmosis. It was possible to relate Casagrande's coefficient directly to the electroosmotic coefficient obtained by dewatering experiments....

  16. ALARA ASSESSMENT OF SETTLER SLUDGE SAMPLING METHODS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nelsen, L.A.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this assessment is to compare underwater and above water settler sludge sampling methods to determine if the added cost for underwater sampling for the sole purpose of worker dose reductions is justified. Initial planning for sludge sampling included container, settler and knock-out-pot (KOP) sampling. Due to the significantly higher dose consequence of KOP sludge, a decision was made to sample KOP underwater to achieve worker dose reductions. Additionally, initial plans were to utilize the underwater sampling apparatus for settler sludge. Since there are no longer plans to sample KOP sludge, the decision for underwater sampling for settler sludge needs to be revisited. The present sampling plan calls for spending an estimated $2,500,000 to design and construct a new underwater sampling system (per A21 C-PL-001 RevOE). This evaluation will compare and contrast the present method of above water sampling to the underwater method that is planned by the Sludge Treatment Project (STP) and determine if settler samples can be taken using the existing sampling cart (with potentially minor modifications) while maintaining doses to workers As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) and eliminate the need for costly redesigns, testing and personnel retraining

  17. ALARA ASSESSMENT OF SETTLER SLUDGE SAMPLING METHODS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NELSEN LA

    2009-01-30

    The purpose of this assessment is to compare underwater and above water settler sludge sampling methods to determine if the added cost for underwater sampling for the sole purpose of worker dose reductions is justified. Initial planning for sludge sampling included container, settler and knock-out-pot (KOP) sampling. Due to the significantly higher dose consequence of KOP sludge, a decision was made to sample KOP underwater to achieve worker dose reductions. Additionally, initial plans were to utilize the underwater sampling apparatus for settler sludge. Since there are no longer plans to sample KOP sludge, the decision for underwater sampling for settler sludge needs to be revisited. The present sampling plan calls for spending an estimated $2,500,000 to design and construct a new underwater sampling system (per A21 C-PL-001 RevOE). This evaluation will compare and contrast the present method of above water sampling to the underwater method that is planned by the Sludge Treatment Project (STP) and determine if settler samples can be taken using the existing sampling cart (with potentially minor modifications) while maintaining doses to workers As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) and eliminate the need for costly redesigns, testing and personnel retraining.

  18. Virological investigations on inadiated sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epp, C.

    1980-08-01

    The virusinactivating activity of a Co 60 -irradiation pilot plant at Geiselbullach/Munich was to be examined. We investigated 16 impure sewage water, 15 purified sewage water, 32 raw sladge samples, 62 digested sludge samples before irradiation, 52 digested sludge samples after irradiation and 9 raw sludge samples after irradiation. We completed these investigations by adding poliovaccinevirus type 1 to the digested sludge before irradiation and by adding suspensions of pure virus in MEM + 2% FBS packed in synthetic capsules and mixtures of virus and sludge packed in synthetic capsules to the digested sludge. After the irradiation we collected the capsules and determined the virustiter. The testviruses were poliovaccinevirus type 1, poliowildvirus type 1, echovirus type 6, coxsackie-B-virus type 5, coxsackie-A-virus type 9 and adenovirus type 1. In the field trial the irradiation results were like the laboratory results assuming that the sewage sludge was homogenized enough by digestion and the solid particle concentration was not more than 3%. The D-value was 300-400 krad for enteroviruses and 700 krad for adenovirus. (orig.) [de

  19. A microbiological study on sewage sludge treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sermkiattipong, Ngamnit; Ito, Hitoshi; Hashimoto, Shoji.

    1990-09-01

    Isolation and identification of salmonellae in sewage sludge cake and radiation sensitivities of the isolated strains were studied. Disinfection of the sludge by heat or radiation and effect of such treatment on composting were also carried out. Five groups of O-antigen and seven serotypes of salmonellae were identified from the sludge cakes. D 10 values of the salmonellae in phosphate buffer were ranged from 0.16 to 0.22 kGy and those in sludge were about three times larger. Total bacterial counts and coliforms in the sludges were determined to be 4.6 x 10 7 - 5.1 x 10 9 and 1.3 x 10 5 - 1.1 x 10 9 colony forming unit (cfu/g). After irradiation at 20 kGy by gamma ray or electron beam, decrease of total bacterial count was 5 - 7 log cycles and a dose of 5 kGy was enough to eliminate all of the coliforms. Coliforms decreased rapidly by heating at 65degC, but only one log cycle decrease was observed in total bacterial count. By heating at 100degC, total bacterial count decreased rapidly. Two peaks were observed in CO 2 evolution curves of radiation disinfected sludge composting, but only one peak in heat disinfected sludge composting. (author)

  20. A review on sludge dewatering indices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    To, Vu Hien Phuong; Nguyen, Tien Vinh; Vigneswaran, Saravanamuth; Ngo, Huu Hao

    2016-01-01

    Dewatering of sludge from sewage treatment plants is proving to be a significant challenge due to the large amounts of residual sludges generated annually. In recent years, research and development have focused on improving the dewatering process in order to reduce subsequent costs of sludge management and transport. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to establish reliable indices that reflect the efficiency of sludge dewatering. However, the evaluation of sludge dewaterability is not an easy task due to the highly complex nature of sewage sludge and variations in solid-liquid separation methods. Most traditional dewatering indices fail to predict the maximum cake solids content achievable during full-scale dewatering. This paper reviews the difficulties in assessing sludge dewatering performance, and the main techniques used to evaluate dewatering performance are compared and discussed in detail. Finally, the paper suggests a new dewatering index, namely the modified centrifugal index, which is demonstrated to be an appropriate indicator for estimating the final cake solids content as well as simulating the prototype dewatering process.

  1. Radioactivity of sludge in Finland in 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Puhakainen, M.; Rahola, T.

    1989-05-01

    Sewage sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plants was studied to determine its radionuclide concentrations. Measurements were made to find out whether any radionuclides from the nuclear power stations at Loviisa and Olkiluoto and from hospitals and medical laboratories could be detected in sludge additional to those originating from global and Chernobyl fallout. In the treatment process of water, aluminium sulphate sludge is developed at treatment plants using surface water. This kind of sludge was measured since it also concentrates radionuclides. Fallout nuclides from the Chernobyl nuclear power station after the accident predominated in all sewage sludge samples in Finland. In 1987 six different radionuclides originating from the Chernobyl fallout were detected in sewage sludge. In spring when the snow melted and large quantities of run off water flowed into the treatment plants, the activity concentrations clearly increased, but then started decreasing again. At the end of the year the highest measured 137 Cs activity concentrations were below 1000 Bq kg -1 dry weight. The highest activity concentration in sludge originated from iodine used fro medical purposes

  2. Sustainable sludge management in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, B.; Barrios, J.A.; Mendez, J.M.; Diaz, J.

    2003-07-01

    Worldwide, unsanitary conditions are responsible of more than three million deaths annually. One of the reasons is the low level of sanitation in developing countries. Particularly, sludge from these regions has a high parasite concentration and low heavy metal content even though the available information is limited. Different issues needed to achieve a sustainable sludge management in developing nations are analysed. Based on this analysis some conclusions arise: sludge management plays an important role in sanitation programs by helping reduce health problems and associated risks; investments in sanitation should consider sludge management within the overall projects; the main restriction for reusing sludge is the high microbial concentration, which requires a science-based decision of the treatment process, while heavy metals are generally low; the adequate sludge management needs the commitment of those sectors involved in the development and enforcement of the regulations as well as those that are directly related to its generation, treatment, reuse or disposal; current regulations have followed different approaches, based mainly on local conditions, but they favour sludge reuse to fight problems like soil degradation, reduced crop production, and the increased use of inorganic fertilizers. This paper summarises an overview of theses issues. (author)

  3. Stabilization/solidification of sewage sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boura, Panagiota; Katsioti, Margarita; Tsakiridis, Petros; Katsiri, Alexandra

    2003-07-01

    The main objective of this work is to investigate a viable alternative for the final disposal of sewage sludge from urban wastewater treatment plants by its use as an additive in developing new construction materials. For this purpose, several mixtures of sludge- cement and sludge-cement and jarosite/alunite precipitate were prepared. Jarosite/alunite precipitate is a waste product of a new hydrometallurgical process. Two kinds of sludge were used: primary sludge from Psyttalia Wastewater Treatment Plant, which receives a considerable amount of industrial waste, and biological sludge from Metamorphosi Wastewater Treatment Plant. Various percentages of these sludges were stabilized/solidified with Portland cement and Portland cement with jarosite/alunite. The specimens were tested by determination of compressive strength according to the methods described by European Standard EN 196. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis as well as Thermogravimetry-Differential Thermal Analysis (TG-DTA) were used to determine the hydration products in 28 days. Furthermore, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure test for heavy metals (TCLP), were carried out in order to investigate the environmental compatibility of these new materials. (author)

  4. Comparison and analysis of membrane fouling between flocculent sludge membrane bioreactor and granular sludge membrane bioreactor.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Jing-Feng

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of inoculating granules on reducing membrane fouling. In order to evaluate the differences in performance between flocculent sludge and aerobic granular sludge in membrane reactors (MBRs, two reactors were run in parallel and various parameters related to membrane fouling were measured. The results indicated that specific resistance to the fouling layer was five times greater than that of mixed liquor sludge in the granular MBR. The floc sludge more easily formed a compact layer on the membrane surface, and increased membrane resistance. Specifically, the floc sludge had a higher moisture content, extracellular polymeric substances concentration, and negative surface charge. In contrast, aerobic granules could improve structural integrity and strength, which contributed to the preferable permeate performance. Therefore, inoculating aerobic granules in a MBR presents an effective method of reducing the membrane fouling associated with floc sludge the perspective of from the morphological characteristics of microbial aggregates.

  5. Cost and effectiveness comparisons of various types of sludge irradiation and sludge pasteurization treatments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morris, M.E.

    1976-01-01

    The radiation from 137 Cs, a major constituent of nuclear fuel reprocessing waste, can be used to sterilize sewage sludge. This paper compares the effectiveness and cost of heat pasteurization, irradiation, and thermoradiation (simultaneous heating/irradiation), three competing methods of sludge disinfection. The cost of irradiation and thermoradiation is slightly higher than heat pasteurization costs for liquid sludges, although minor changes in oil availability or prices could change this. If the viral destruction could be done easily by other means, a 500-kilorad irradiation dose would be effective and less costly. For dry sewage sludges, irradiation is as effective and much less costly than any of the liquid sludge disinfection processes. Irradiation of compost appears to be cheaper and more practical than any heat pasteurization process for the dry sludge (the insulating property of the compost makes heating difficult). 6 tables, 2 fig

  6. Modeling Aspects Of Activated Sludge Processes Part I: Process Modeling Of Activated Sludge Facilitation And Sedimentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ibrahim, H. I.; EI-Ahwany, A.H.; Ibrahim, G.

    2004-01-01

    Process modeling of activated sludge flocculation and sedimentation reviews consider the activated sludge floc characteristics such as: morphology viable and non-viable cell ratio density and water content, bio flocculation and its kinetics were studied considering the characteristics of bio flocculation and explaining theory of Divalent Cation Bridging which describes the major role of cations in bio flocculation. Activated sludge flocculation process modeling was studied considering mass transfer limitations from Clifft and Andrew, 1981, Benefild and Molz 1983 passing Henze 1987, until Tyagi 1996 and G. Ibrahim et aI. 2002. Models of aggregation and breakage of flocs were studied by Spicer and Pratsinis 1996,and Biggs 2002 Size distribution of floes influences mass transfer and biomass separation in the activated sludge process. Therefore, it is of primary importance to establish the role of specific process operation factors, such as sludge loading dynamic sludge age and dissolved oxygen, on this distribution with special emphasis on the formation of primary particles

  7. DARI METOBU HINGGA MEKAMBO: PERTUMBUHAN PEMUKIMAN KOTA KOLAKA PADA ABAD XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basrin Melamba

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the growth of Kolaka city in Bone in XX century. In early XX century, Kolaka became the capital of onderafdeeling Kolaka since 1911. In 1912 indirectly the influence of this policy was the development and repair of city facilities in the form of port medium, warehouse, office of toll and duty, and road network in Kolaka. Those settlement growths in Kolaka affected the economic activity and commerce. The settlement and physical region got much better especially after Dutch government settled the resident settlement with the settlement model following the centripetal roadway pattern with the village (kampung pattern (o’kambo. The resident settlement pattern also followed the coastline of Mekongga and Bone Bay. Exploiting the nickel mine yielded the urban symptom in the center of area of nickel mining. Key words: growth, settlement, Kolaka city  Makalah ini menjelaskan tentang pertumbuhan Kota Kolaka di Bone pada abad XX. Pada awal abad XX, Kolaka menjadi ibukota daerah setingkat kabupaten (onderafdeeling Kolaka sejak tahun 1911. Pada tahun 1912 secara tidak langsung pengaruh dari kebijakan ini adalah adanya pengembangan dan perbaikan fasilitas kota dalam bentuk sarana pelabuhan, gudang, kantor tol dan pajak, serta jaringan jalan di Kolaka. Pertumbuhan pemukiman di Kolaka tersebut mempengaruhi kegiatan ekonomi dan perdagangan. Pemukiman dan fisik wilayah menjadi jauh lebih baik terutama setelah Pemerintah Belanda menyelesaikan pemukiman penduduk dengan model pemukiman yang mengikuti pola jalan sentripetal dengan pola kampung (o'kambo. Pola pemukiman penduduk juga mengikuti garis pantai Teluk Mekongga dan Bone. Memanfaatkan tambang nikel juga menghasilkan gejala urban di tengah area pertambangan nikel.Kata kunci: pertumbuhan, pemukiman, kota Kolaka

  8. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP ANAK YANG TEREKSPLOITASI SECARA EKONOMI DI KOTA PADANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurensius Arliman S

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper examines and analyzes the role and constraints of the Department of Social Welfare and Labor of Padang in carrying out child protection economically exploited. This paper uses socio legal research. The results of this paper are: Department of Social Welfare and Labor of Padang has been quite active in implementing the protection of children who are economically exploited, by conducting raids, coaching and training. The obstacles foundwere classic, namely: the nature of the child, the family, the fade of religious values, education, community, economic, cultural shift, the lack of facilities for the development of children, the lack of human resources, and inadequate funds. The author expects that in the future the child is considered by the government of Padang and also by the Child Family and Community. Key words: child, Department of Social Welfare and Labor, economics, padang, exploitation   Abstrak Tulisan ini meneliti serta menganalisis peran dan kendala-kendala Dinas Sosial dan Tenaga Kerja Kota Padang dalam menjalankan perlindungan anak yang dieksploitasi secara ekonomi. Tulisan ini menggunakan penelitian socio legal. Hasil dari tulisan ini adalah: Dinas Sosial dan Tenaga Kerja Kota Padang sudah cukup aktif dalam melaksanakan perlindungan anak yang dieksploitasi secara ekonomi, dengan mengadakan razia, pembinaan dan pelatihan. Kendala yang ditemukan, adalah kendala yang terbilang klasik yaitu: sifat dari anak, keluarga, nilai-nilai agama yang luntur, pendidikan, lingkungan masyarakat, masalah ekonomi, pergeseran budaya, fasilitas pembinaan anak yang kurang, sumber daya manusia yang kurang, dan dana yang kurang memadai. Penulis mengharapkan kedepannya, agar anak lebih diperhatikan oleh Pemerintah Kota Padang serta Masyarakat dan Keluarga anak. Kata kunci: anak, dinsosnaker, ekonomi, padang, eksploitasi

  9. PENGARUH JUMLAH PELANGGAN PLN, HOTEL, INDUSTRI TERHADAP PENERIMAAN PAJAK PENERANGAN JALAN KOTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timung Tri Prasetyo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Pajak penerangan jalan berkontribusi besar bagi Kota Semarang. Setiap tahunnya penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan di Kota Semarang selalu melebihi target yang telah ditetapkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah pelanggan PLN, jumlah hotel, jumlah industri terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan. Objek penelitian ini adalah penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan di Kota Semarang periode  1985-2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Analisis data menggunakan analisis Regresi Linier Berganda dengan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa jumlah pelanggan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan, jumlah hotel berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan, jumlah industri berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan. Street lighting contribute greatly to the tax for the city of Semarang. Each year a tax receipt street lighting in the city of Semarang have always exceeded the targets that have been set. The purpose of this research is to know the influence of the number of customers PLN, the number of hotels, the amount of the tax receipt against industry street lighting. The object of this study is the tax revenue street lighting in the city of Semarang in the period 1985-2014. This research uses a quantitative approach to design research. Data analysis using Multiple Linear regression analysis with the method of Ordinary Least Square (OLS. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the number of influential customers significantly to tax revenues, the number of hotel street lighting effect significantly to tax revenues, the number of street lighting industry's influential tax revenues significantly to street lighting.

  10. MODEL MUSYAWARAH RENCANA AKSI PEREMPUAN (MUSRENA RESPONSIF GENDER DI KOTA BANDA ACEH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oberlin Silalahi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Partisipasi perempuan dalam perencaanaan pembangunan dan penganggaran dalam Musyawarah Perencanaan Pembangunan (Musrenbang selama ini ternyata masih memiliki hambatan. Sebagai upaya penyelesaiannya, Pemerintah Kota Banda Aceh merumuskan strategi baru berupa Musyawarah Rencana Aksi Perempuan (Musrena yang memberikan kesempatan partisipasi penuh pada perempuan sebagai upaya pengarusutamaan gender (PUG dan Anggaran Responsif Gender (ARG dari tingkat yang paling rendah yaitu desa/gampong. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengelaborasi secara komprehensif tentang inovasi Musrena di Kota Banda Aceh. Melalui pendekatan kualitatif, data dalam penelitian ini didapatkan dari Focused Group Discussion (FGD, wawancara mendalam (Indepth-interview dan desk-study (studi dokumen/dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini adalah: 1. Tumbuhnya motivasi dan kesadaran wanita di tingkat Gampong, kota/kabupaten untuk ikut berpartisipasi dalam perencaanaan pembangunan dan penganggaran yang responsif gender. 2. Musrena berbasis prinsip kesetaraan, anggaran yang berkeadilan gender, musyawarah dialogis, anti dominasi, keberpihakan kepada kelompok rentan, anti diskriminasi, dan pembangunan secara holistik.   Based on the lack of women participation in development planning and budgeting within the Development Planning Meeting (Musrenbang, the government of Banda Aceh formulate a new strategy in the form of Council Action Plan for Women (Musrena which provides an opportunity and full participation for women as gender mainstreaming (PUG and the Gender Responsive Budgeting (ARG on the lowest level; the village (gampong. This study aims to elaborate comprehensively on innovation of Musrena in Banda Aceh. Through a qualitative approach, the data in this study was obtained from Focused Group Discussion (FGD, interview (in depth-interview and desk-study (documentation. The results of this study are: 1. Growth of motivation and awareness level of women in the village, city /county to

  11. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN DAN MOTIVASI KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN PADA PERUSAHAAN DAERAH AIR MINUM (PDAM KOTA PADANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meri Oposma

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Human resources is a factor that determines the success of an organization in achieving a goal. Efforts should be made to improve the performance of employees, among others, with good leadership and motivation in the workplace is high. Attainable goal of this study was to determine, influence or leadership and motivation on employee performance in Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM Kota Padang. Object of study the research is employee to Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM Kota Padang with population a mean 113 people employee. This study used a sample of 85 people selected by random cluster sampling technique. Analysis technique used is path analysis. Obtained in a partial amount of leadership influence on job motivation employee amount 0,231 with significant meaning hypotheses 0,034 positive and significant effect between leadership variables to job motivation, obtained in a number of partial influence of leadership on employee performance is equal to 0.291 with a mean of 0.007 significant positive and significant effect hypothesis between the variables of leadership on employee performance, obtained in a number of partial influence of work motivation on the performance of employees is equal to 0.212 with a mean of 0.045 significant positive and significant effect hypothesis between the variables of job motivation on employee performance and obtained in a number of partial influence of leadership and job motivation on employee performance with a value of 7.692 with a significant F value of 0.001 means that a positive and significant effect hypothesis between the variables of leadership and job motivation on employee performance. To achieve high employee performance and motivation of the employees' leadership at the Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM Kota Padang must be improved.

  12. Aktivitas enzim monooksigenase pada populasi nyamuk Aedes aegypti di Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Widiastuti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF is a major health problem in Tembalang sub district, Semarang City. Fogging with insecticide applications was done frequently as an effort to control Dengue vectors. The use of insecticides from the same class in a long time can lead to resistance in mosquitos’ population. The research aimed to observe the activity of monooxygenases in Aedes aegypti populations in Tembalang Subdistrict, Semarang. The study was conducted during February-November 2014 with a cross-sectional design in 10 villages in Tembalang Subdistirict, Semarang City. Field strains of Ae. aegypti eggs were collected using ovitraps. The collected eggs were grown under standard condition to adult mosquitoes. Mosquitos’ homogenate were stored at -85°C and used for biochemical assays. The results showed there was increased monooxygenases activity in Ae. aegypti populations. Resistance to synthetic pyrethroid insecticide in Ae. aegypti mosquitoes population in Tembalang Subdistrict might be caused by the mechanism of detoxification enzymes in particular monooxygenases Keywords: monooxygenase, insecticide, Ae. aegypti, resistance  Abstrak. Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD masih menjadi masalah kesehatan utama di Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang. Tindakan fogging untuk pengendalian vektor DBD sering dilakukan. Penggunaan insektisida dari golongan yang sama dalam waktu cukup lama dapat memicu terjadinya resistensi. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengamati aktivitas enzim monooksigenase pada populasi nyamuk Aedes aegypti di Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Februari-November 2014 dengan desain potong lintang di 10 desa di Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pemasangan ovitrap untuk mendapatkan sampel telur yang dipelihara menjadi nyamuk dewasa. Sampel homogenate nyamuk disimpan pada suhu -85°C, selanjutnya dilakukan peng-ujian resistensi dengan uji biokimia untuk melihat aktivitas enzim

  13. PERGESERAN PANGSA PASAR PRODUK SUSU FERMENTASI BERMEREK DALAM KEMASAN DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sitti Khadijah Yahya hiola

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Dalam memperebutkan konsumen, persaingan perusahaan tidak lagi terbatas pada kegunaan produk, tetapi sudah dikaitkan dengan pergeseran merek.  Saat ini banyak bermunculan merek susu fermentasi yang cukup bersaing. Top Brand Survey menunjukkan bahwa Yakult  menduduki peringkat teratas kemudian disusul dengan merek Cimory. Penelitian bertujuan untuk memprediksi pergeseran pangsa pasar produk susu fermentasi bermerek dalam kemasan di Kota Makassar. Teknik sampling yang digunakan yaitu purposive sampling. Responden disyaratkan  sedang atau pernah mengonsumsi susu fermentasi bermerek dalam kemasan. Penelitian ini dianalisis dengan rantai markov.  Hasil penelitian bahwa telah terjadi pergeseran pangsa pasar susu fermentasi bermerek di Kota Makassar sebagai akibat adanya perpindahan merek susu fermentasi.  Merek Yakult dan Cimory mengalami peningkatan jumlah pangsa pasar sedangkan merek Vitacharm mengalami penurunan.  Dari hasil temuan tersebut dapat diramalkan kecenderungan permintaan susu fermentasi bermerek dalam kemasan di Kota Makassar dan merancang strategi bersaing dalam menguasai pasar. SHIFT MARKET OF PACKAGING DAIRY MILK FERMENTATION PRODUCT IN MAKASSARABSTRACTIn order to gaining the consumers, companies competition is no longer limited to the usefulness of the product, but the brand it selfs already associated with a shift. Today many brands popping fermented milk is quite competitive. Top Brand Survey showed that Yakult was ranked top followed by Cimory brand. The aim of this study is to predict the shift in market share in the branded fermented milk products packaged in Makassar. Sampling technique used is purposive sampling. Respondents were required or never consume fermented milk brand in the packaging. This study analyzed by using Markov chain method. The results of the research that has been a shift in market share fermented milk brand in Makassar as a result of the displacement of fermented milk brand. Yakult brand and cimory

  14. Studi Deskriptif Persepsi Karyawan Hotel Tentang Glass Ceiling Pada Wanita Dalam Pencapaian Jabatan Puncak Manajemen Hotel Di Kota Tanjung Selor

    OpenAIRE

    Merang, Merycona

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui persepsi karyawan hotel tentang glass ceiling pada wanita dalam pencapaian jabatan puncak manajemen hotel di kota Tanjung Selor. Glass ceiling memiliki enam variable yaitu diri sendiri, tingkat pendidikan, lingkungan keluarga, kesehatan, lingkungan sosial, dan lingkungan kerja.Teknik analisa yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif deskriptif, crosstab dan chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan, persepsi karyawan tentang glass ceil...

  15. GAMBARAN RISIKO TROMBOSIS VENA PROFUNDA (TVP PADA SALES PROMOTION GIRL (SPG BERDASARKAN KRITERIA WELLS DI KOTA DENPASAR

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    Shelly Silvia Bintang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pekerjaan sebagai sales promotion girl (SPG menuntut berdiri dalam posisi statis dalam waktu kerja yang cukup lama. Dalam sebuah jurnal kesehatan masyarakat tahun 2013 mendapatkan hasil semakin lama SPG bekerja maka semakin lama juga durasi mereka memakai sepatu hak tinggi semakin besar risiko untuk mengalami gangguan kesehatan yang disebabkan sepatu hak tinggi. Gangguan dari aliran darah atau trombosis vena profunda (TVP merupakan dampak yang ditimbulkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui angka tinggi pemakaian sepatu hak tinggi, angka pemakaian stocking dan gambaran SPG di Kota Denpasar yang memiliki risiko rendah, menengah dan tinggi mengalami TVP. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif potong lintang. Subyek penelitian ini adalah 62 pegawai SPG yang bekerja di swalayan di Kota Denpasar. Skor kriteria Wells didapatkan untuk mengetahui gambaran risiko probabilitas TVP. Hasil gambaran risiko TVP pada SPG di Kota Denpasar berdasarkan kriteria Wells didapatkan 30 orang pekerja (48,38% menunjukan risiko ringan, dan 30 orang pekerja lainnya (48,38% menunjukan risiko menengah menderita TVP, sedangkan 2 orang pekerja (3,24% menunjukan risiko tinggi. Sebagian besar pegawai SPG di kota Denpasar memiliki risiko rendah dan sedang probabilitas TVP.

  16. PENGARUH IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM PENGENDALIAN INTERNAL TERHADAP KINERJA INSTANSI PEMERINTAH (STUDI KASUS PADA ORGANISASI PERANGKAT DAERAH PEMERINTAH KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nono Supriatna

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This research is intended to know the influence. This research is conducted because it is still related to the fraud and inefficiency of government apparatus performance in Bandung. This study uses a sample of Organization of Local Government of Bandung City Government in the form of agency and agency. This research uses descriptive verification method with hypothesis test using simple linear regression analysis. The results showed that in Bandung City has done very well. In addition, the performance performance of Bandung City Government apparatus has also been in accordance with the principle of good governance. The results also show a positive influence. H0 rejected and Ha accepted.   Keywords: Internal Control System, Performance, Good Governance.   Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh implementasi sistem pengendalian internal terhadap kinerja instansi pemerintah. Penelitian ini dilakukan karena masih adanya indikasi terkait dengan kecurangan dan inefisiensi kinerja aparatur pemerintah di Kota Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan sample Organisasi Perangkat Daerah Pemerintah Kota Bandung yang berbentuk dinas dan badan sejumlah 23 sample. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif verifikatif dengan uji hipotesis menggunakan analisis regresi linier sederhana.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penerapan sistem pengendalian internal di pemerintah Kota Bandung telah terlaksana dengan sangat baik. Selain itu, pelaksanaan kinerja aparatur Pemerintah Kota Bandung juga telah sesuai dengan prinsip good governance. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh positif antara implementasi sistem pengendalian internal terhadap kinerja instansi pemerintah. Sehingga H0 ditolak dan Ha diterima   Kata Kunci: Sistem Pengendalian Internal, Kinerja, Good Governance

  17. Uji Kandungan Timbal (Pb dalam Daun Tanaman Peneduh di Jalan Protokol Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawit Dwi Istiaroh

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Gas buang yang dihasilkan oleh kendaraan bermotor pengguna bahan bakar bensin bertimbal mengemisikan Pb ke dalam lingkungan dan berpotensi terserap ke dalam jaringan daun tanaman peneduh jalan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menguji kandungan timbal (Pb dalam daun tanaman peneduh di jalan protokol Kota Semarang. Sampel penelitian adalah daun angsana (Pterocarpus indicus Willd, glodokan (Polyalthia longifolia Bent & Hook. F dan mahoni (Swietenia mahagoni (L. Jacq. yang dominan digunakan sebagai peneduh di lima jalan protokol Kota Semarang yaitu Jl. Kalibanteng, Jl. Pemuda, Jl. Brigjen Katamso, Jl. Kaligawe dan Jl. Setyabudi. Kandungan Pb dalam daun tanaman angsana, glodokan dan mahoni diuji menggunakan metode AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometery di Laboratorium Balai Besar Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri (BBTPPI Semarang. Hasil penelitian ditemukan kandungan Pb dalam daun tanaman peneduh di jalan protokol Kota Semarang. Kandungan Pb dalam daun tertinggi 0,05 ppm/g daun basah terdapat pada tanaman angsana dan terendah sebesar 0,01 ppm/g terdapat pada tanaman glodokan dan mahoni. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa kandungan Pb dalam daun tanaman peneduh di jalan protokol Kota Semarang berkisar 0,01-0,05 ppm/g daun basah dan tergolong rendah dibawah kadar normal Pb dalam tanaman yaitu 0,5-3,0 ppm.Exhaust gases produced by motor vehicle users leaded gasoline emits Pb into the environment and potentially absorbed into the leaf tissue of plants along the roadside. The study aimed to examine the content of lead (Pb in the shade plant leaves in the Semarang City road protocol. Samples were angsana leaves (Pterocarpus indicus Willd, glodokan (Polyalthia longifolia Bent & Hook. F and mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni (L. Jacq.. They were predominantly used as a shade in five main streets of Semarang is Kalibanteng St, Youth St, Brig Katamso St, Kaligawe St and Setyabudi St. The content of Pb in the Angsana, glodokan and mahogany leaves were

  18. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MENGHAMBAT KINERJA PELAYANAN PUBLIK DI DINAS KEPENDUDUKAN DAN PENCATATAN SIPIL KOTA BATAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riko Riyanda

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Reforms will be able to meet the demands of the public, especially related to the improvement of the quality of public services, but it is still far from reality. Including services are provided by the Department of Population and Civil Registration Batam still not yet optimal. It is characterized by the many complaints from people who are not satisfied with the service that is given by the Department of Population and Civil Registration Batam.The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach. Type of research is descriptive.Methods of data collection is done by observation and documentation, informant selection technique is done by purposive sampling, data analysis performed by data reduction, data presentation and conclusion.The research found that investigators found the constraints of service in terms of Batam City Disdukcapil tangible, asurance and reability still not optimal. The cause is a factor of human resources and infrastructure, and systems that are not transparency. While the factors supporting online data base nationally integrated very helpful in order to avoid double data residence documents.Keywords: Public Service, Dimension Satisfaction Services AbstrakReformasi akan dapat memenuhi tuntutan masyarakat terutama berkaitan dengan perbaikan kualitas layanan publik, namun harapan itu dianggap masih jauh dari kenyataan. Termasuk pelayanan yang di berikan oleh Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota Batam masih belumlah optimal. Hal ini ditandai dengan masih banyak keluhan dari masyarakat yang merasa tidak puas dengan pelayanan yang di berikan oleh Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota Batam. Tujuan dalam penerlitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor penghambat dan penumjang proses pelayanan publik yang dilayani oleh Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota Batam. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif. Tipe penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif.Metode pengambilan

  19. GAMBARAN INFEKSI PROTOZOA INTESTINAL PADA ANAK BINAAN RUMAH SINGGAH AMANAH KOTA PADANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayati Nurhayati

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfeksi protozoa intestinal masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di negara tropis dan negara berkembang. Yang termasuk ke dalam protozoa intestinal patogen di antaranya adalah G. lamblia dan E. histolitika.Telah dilakukan penelitian terhadap anak binaan Rumah Singgah “Amanah”, Kelurahan Rimbo Kaluang, Kecamatan Padang Barat, Kota Padang. Pemeriksaan tinja dilakukan terhadap 66 anak dengan metode langsung menggunakan eosin dan lugol. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran infeksi protozoa intestinal pada anak binaan rumah singgah Amanah.Telah dilakukan penelitian di Rumah Singgah “Amanah”, Kelurahan Rimbo Kaluang, Kecamatan Padang Barat, Kota Padang, terhadap anak biaHasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa anak-anak yang terinfeksi protozoa intestinal sebesar 40,91%. Berdasarkan jenis spesies, distribusi frekuensi terbanyak yang menginfeksi anak adalah G. lamblia yaitu 37,88%, sedangkan infeksi oleh E. histolitika adalah 3,03%. Frekuensi infeksi G. Lamblia lebih tinggi pada umur < 10 tahun yaitu 27,27%, tetapi pada infeksi E. histolitika terlihat tidak ada perbedaan. Distribusi infeksi berdasarkan jenis kelamin hampir sama pada G. lamblia maupun E. histolitika. Berdasarkan pekerjaan, lebih separuh anak binaan yang terinfeksi protozoa intestinal bekerja sebagai penjaja makanan.Kata kunci: Protozoa intestinal, G. lamblia, E. histolitikaAbstractPrevalence of intestinal protozoan infection in Rumah Singgah Amanah, Kota Padang. Intestinal protozoan infection is still a public health problem in tropical countries and developing countries. The intestinal protozoan pathogen of which is G. lamblia and E.histolitika.This research is descriptif study and it was conducted in Rumah Singgah Amanah, Kelurahan Rimbo Kaluang, Kecamatan Padang Barat, Kota Padang. Stool examination has been carried out to 66 children by direct fecal examination method using eosin and Lugol. The purpose of this research is to know the

  20. FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PDRB KABUPATEN / KOTA JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2008-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yozi Aulia Rahman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi merupakan kondisi utama bagi kelangsungan pembangunan ekonomi daerah. Untuk mengukur kemajuan perekonomian daerah dengan mengamati seberapa besar laju pertumbuhan ekonomi yang dicapai daerah tersebut yang tercermin dari kenaikan Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB. PDRBKabupaten/Kota di Jawa Tengah selama tahun 2008- 2012 mengalami pertumbuhan karena banyak yang mempengaruhinya, seperti: Tabungan, Kredit, PAD dan Belanja Daerah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar faktor-faktor tersebut mempengaruhi tingkat PDRB kabupaten/Kota di Jawa Tengah selama tahun 2008-2012. Variabel dependen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah PDRB, sedangkan variabel-variabel independen yaitu Tabungan, Kredit, Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD dan Belanja Daerah. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi linear berganda melalui metode OLS dengan menggunakan data    time series 2008  –2012 dan data crosssection 35 kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah atau yang dimaksud dengan data panel. Pengujian model dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode FixedEffect. Hasil estimasi menunjukkan bahwa hasil analisis regresi pada α=5%menunjukkan bahwa secara parsial  variabel tabungan   dan kredit berpengaruh signifikan, sedangkan variabel PAD, dan Belanja Daerah tidak signifikan terhadap PDRB kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2008–2012. High economic growth is the main condition for the continuation of regional economic development. To measure the progress of the regional economy, observation on the economyc growth rate in each area can be conducted. It is reflected in the increase of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP. The increase of GDP of regency/city in Central Java during the year of 2008- 2012 was influenced by several factors such as savings, credit, local generated revenue (PAD, and Expenditure. This study intends to analyze the affect of these factors to the level of GDP on districts

  1. Flood Zoning Simulation by HEC-RAS Model (Case Study: Johor River-Kota Tinggi Region)

    OpenAIRE

    ShahiriParsa, Ahmad; Heydari, Mohammad; Sadeghian, Mohammad Sadegh; Moharrampour, Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    Flooding of rivers has caused many human and financial losses. Hence, studies and research on the nature of the river is inevitable.However, the behavior of rivers hasmany complexities and in this respect, computer models are efficient tools in order to study and simulate the behavior of rivers with the least possible cost. In this paper, one-dimensional model HEC-RAS was used to simulate the flood zoning in the Kota Tinggi district in Johor state. Implementation processes of the zoning on ca...

  2. Impact of thermal power generation units on floristic diversity of Kota and its environs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jain, Shuchita; Dadhich, K.

    2001-01-01

    The emissions from thermal power plants have great phytotoxic effects on plants due to changes in their morphology and physiology. A floristic study has been conducted near the Thermal Power Station at Kota in Rajasthan to estimate the impact of emissions from the thermal power plant on biota. It is observed that the whole vegetation, especially the perennial trees and shrubs, growing near the station were severely damaged due to effects of air pollutants emitted from the Thermal Power Station. Analysis of the fly ash reveals its composition as composed of silica, alumina, iron oxide etc. (author)

  3. Keterkaitan Dinamika Penduduk dan Kinerja Pembangunan Ekonomi Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardiani Hardiani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. The study aimed to analyze: (1 The dynamics of population in districts/cities in Jambi province that include population condition and growth as well as the quality of population; (2 The relationship between dynamics of population and economic development performance. The data were analyzed in descriptive quantitative and qualitative methods using demographic indicators. Furthermore, to analyze the relationship between dynamics of population and economic development performance, correlation analysis was used. Results indicated that: 1 The total population in Jambi province is relatively small in number with low population density but with high inequality of population distribution among districts/cities; 2 Jambi province is one of the areas in Indonesia with a relatively rapid population growth; 3 Population’s age structure in Jambi province is no longer belong in the young age structure, but doesn’t meet the category of old age structure; 4 Compared to other provinces in Indonesia, education and health conditions in Jambi province has been relatively adequate; 5 Poverty level in Jambi province is relatively low compared with national poverty level, with declines that also is faster in comparative; 7 There is a positive correlation between quantity of population and economic growth but no correlation between quality of population and economic growth in Jambi province. Keywords: Education, Health, Poverty Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: (1 Dinamika penduduk pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi yang mencakup kondisi dan perkembangan kuantitas penduduk serta kualitas penduduk (2 Keterkaitan dinamika penduduk dan kinerja pembangunan ekonomi pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif, dengan memanfaatkan indikator-indikator kependudukan. Selanjutnya untuk menganalisis keterkaitan dinamika penduduk dan kinerja pembangunan ekonomi digunakan analisis korelasi.

  4. KARAKTERISTIK DAN PENDEKATAN KINETIKA GLOBAL PADA PIROLISIS LAMBAT SAMPAH KOTA TERSELEKSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Aries Himawanto

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available CHARACTERISTICS AND GLOBAL KINETIC APPROACH ON THE SLOW PYROLYSIS OF SELECTED MUNICIPAL WASTE. Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW has a great potential as a clean renewable feedstock for producing modern energy carriers through thermochemical conversion processes called pyrolysis. However, despite their enormous potential as energy sources, their thermal characteristics are still not well known. In the present study, the pyrolysis characteristics and pyrolysis kinetics of MSW single components (i.e bamboo wastes, banana leaves wastes, wrapping wastes, and styrofoam wastes and their mixture were investigated. The 20 grams sample were heated in a furnace under nitrogen environment from ambient temperature to 400°C at a heating rate of 10°C/min and held for 30 min. The results of the research showed that bamboo wastes and banana leaves wastes could be catogorized as low stability organics, while wrapping wastes could be catagorized as polymer mixture materials, while styrofoam wastes could be catagorized as plastic materials. The research also revealed that the global kinetic method  could be used to predict the MSW single component activation energy. Sampah kota mempunyai potensi untuk dikembangkan menjadi sumber energi alternatif terbarukan melalui proses pirolisis. Namun demikian, pemahaman mengenai karakteristik termal proses pirolisis dari sampah kota masih belum banyak diketahui. Dalam penelitian ini, dilakukan analisa thermogravimetry dari komponen-komponen tunggal sampah kota yang meliputi sampah bambu, sampah daun, sampah bahan pengemas, dan sampah styrofoam maupun campuran antara komponen-komponen tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendapatkan karakteristik pirolisis komponen-komponen yang diteliti, meliputi profil proses devolatilisasi dan energi kinetik. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menempatkan sampel seberat 20 gram dalam sebuah tungku dan menaikkan temperatur tungku dengan laju pemanasan 10°C/min. Temperatur akhir sampel

  5. Studies on corrosion inhibitors for the cooling water system at the Heavy Water Project, Kota

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pillai, B.P.; Mehta, C.T.; Abubacker, K.M.

    1986-01-01

    The Heavy Water Project at Kota uses the water from the Rana Pratap Sagar Lake as coolant in the open recirculation system. In order to find suitable corrosion inhibitors for the above system, a series of laboratory experiments on corrosion inhibitors were carried out using the constructional materials of the cooling water system and a number of proprietary formulations and the results are tabulated. From the data thus generated through various laboratory experiments, the most useful ones have been recommended for application in practice. (author)

  6. BIAYA TRANSAKSI DAN NILAI TAMBAH PADA RANTAI PASOK DAGING SAPI DI KOTA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadya Megawati Rachman

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study are to map the distribution network of beef supply chain in Bogor city and analyze the transaction cost, value added and marketing efficiency in the marketing channel of beef supply chain in Bogor city. Value stream mapping (VSM was used to analyze the distribution channel of beef supply chain. Hayami method was used to analyze transaction cost, value added and marketing efficiency. The result shows that there are 9 alternative distribution channels of beef marketing in Bogor city. The biggest value added gained by PBDS I (22.24% is from slaughtering activities. Transaction cost in supply chain process is only 3–5 % the total costs. The dominating cost is the cost to buy beef supply (60%, and the most efficient and profitable channel is channel 7 (Feedloter – PBDS I – Consumer with the marketing efficiency score of 0.80%. Therefore, the butchers in Bogor city are recommended to choose channel 7 for its highest benefit and efficient channel. Keywords: beef, supply chain, transaction cost, value added, hayami methodAbstrakTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah memetakan jaringan distribusi rantai pasok daging sapi di Kota Bogor dan menganalisis biaya transaksi, nilai tambah dan tingkat efisiensi pemasaran dari saluran pemasaran daging sapi di Kota Bogor. Value stream mapping (VSM digunakan untuk memetakan jaringan distribusi daging sapi  dan metode hayami digunakan untuk menganalisis biaya transaksi, nilai tambah dan efisiensi pemasaran. Berdasarkan hasil pemetaan jaringan distribusi rantai pasok daging sapi dengan menggunakan VSM terdapat sembilan alternatif saluran distribusi pemasaran daging sapi di Kota Bogor. Nilai tambah terbesar diperoleh dari hasil pemotongan sapi hidup menjadi karkas yang didapatkan oleh PBDS I (22,24%. Biaya transaksi dalam proses pasokan jaringan distribusi hanya berkisar 3–5% dari total biaya yang dikeluarkan. Biaya yang mendominasi adalah biaya dalam membeli pasokan daging sapi yang

  7. Anaerobic granular sludge and biofilm reactors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skiadas, Ioannis V.; Gavala, Hariklia N.; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye

    2003-01-01

    by the immobilization of the biomass, which forms static biofilms, particle-supported biofilms, or granules depending on the reactor's operational conditions. The advantages of the high-rate anaerobic digestion over the conventional aerobic wastewater treatment methods has created a clear trend for the change......-rate anaerobic treatment systems based on anaerobic granular sludge and biofilm are described in this chapter. Emphasis is given to a) the Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) systems, b) the main characteristics of the anaerobic granular sludge, and c) the factors that control the granulation process...

  8. A microbiological study on irradiated sludge composting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pongpat, S.; Hashimoto, Shoji.

    1993-03-01

    Effect of fermentation temperature on microorganisms in sewage sludge compost and suppressive effect of the compost on Fusarium oxysporum were investigated. Dehydrated sewage sludge was irradiated at 10 kGy by cobalt 60 gamma ray source and fermented at various temperatures with six different seed-composts. It was found that microorganisms showed higher growth in irradiated sludge at the temperature around 30 to 40degC. One of the seed-composts and compost produced from the seed-compost showed the remarkable effects of suppression on F. oxysporum. It can be also observed that the composts produced by lower temperature fermentation showed higher suppression. (author)

  9. Using Ecosan sludge for crop production

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Jimenez, B

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available %) was low, but not enough to completely inactivate microorganisms (below 30?40% in general and ,5% for Ascaris eggs, according to Feachem et al., 1983). The N content (0.2?0.34%) was in the normal range for domestic sludge (0.2?0.6%) if the N contribution... et al. (2003), indicated that faecal coliforms may survive .1,000 d in Ecosan sludge, while Ascaris may be completely inactivated. The helminth ova content (29.8 ^ 2.9 eggs/g TS) was less than expected for sludge from developing countries (ranging...

  10. A microbiological study on irradiated sludge composting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pongpat, S. [Office of Atomic Energy for Peace, Bangkok (Thailand); Hashimoto, Shoji

    1993-03-01

    Effect of fermentation temperature on microorganisms in sewage sludge compost and suppressive effect of the compost on Fusarium oxysporum were investigated. Dehydrated sewage sludge was irradiated at 10 kGy by cobalt 60 gamma ray source and fermented at various temperatures with six different seed-composts. It was found that microorganisms showed higher growth in irradiated sludge at the temperature around 30 to 40degC. One of the seed-composts and compost produced from the seed-compost showed the remarkable effects of suppression on F. oxysporum. It can be also observed that the composts produced by lower temperature fermentation showed higher suppression. (author).

  11. Improvement of anaerobic digestion of sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dohanyos, Michael; Zabranska, Jana; Kutil, Josef; Jenicek, Pavel

    2003-07-01

    Anaerobic digestion improvement can be accomplished by different methods. Besides optimization of process conditions is frequently used pretreatment of input sludge and increase of process temperature. Thermophilic process brings a higher solids reduction and biogas production, the high resistance to foaming, no problems with odour, the higher effect of destroying pathogens and the improvement of the energy balance of the whole treatment plant. Disintegration of excess activated sludge in lysate centrifuge was proved in full-scale conditions causing increase of biogas production. The rapid thermal conditioning of digested sludge is acceptable method of particulate matter disintegration and solubilization. (author)

  12. MODEL PENGENDALIAN TERPADU VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA SALATIGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhid Darwin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSalatiga  merupakan  salah  satu  kota  di  Jawa  Tengah  yang  termasuk  sebagiai  wilayah  endemisitas  tinggi demam  berdarah  dengue. Angka  Kematian  Kasus  (CFR  DBD  cenderung  berfluktuasi  yaitu  Tahun  2008 sebesar  1,39%  pada  72  kasus,  Tahun  2009  dengan  109  kasus,  CFR  0,92%  dan  Tahun  2010  terdapat  155 kasus,  CFR  0%. Pemberantasan  Sarang  Nyamuk  (PSN  sebagai  kegiatan  yang  strategis  sampai  saat  ini belum  optimal dilaksanakan.  Alternatif  pengendalian  vektor  DBD  pada  penelitian  ini mengkombinasikan pengendalian kimiawi (pemakaian gorden berisektisida sipermethrin plus etil selulosa dengan pengendalian hayati menggunakan predator larva Mesocyclops aspericornis. Pemilihan metode pengendalian berdasarkan kebiasaan nyamuk menggigit orang (antropofilik di dalam rumah dan beristirahat di tempat-tempat gelap (fototropi  negatif,  lembab  dan  status  kerentanan  terhadap  insektisida  serta  daya  predasi  M.aspericornis terhadap  jentik  nyamuk  Ae.  aegypti. Tujuan  penelitian  adalah  untuk  mengendalikan  Ae.  aegypti  secara terpadu melaluipengendalian hayati (M. aspericornis dan aplikasi gorden berinsektisida sipermethrin10EC plus etil sellulosa 0,1%. Rancangan penelitian adalah eksperimen semu dengan pre-posttest group design pada  penurunan  indikator  entomologi  dan  posttest  control  group  design  untuk  pengujian  efikasi  gorden berinsektisida sipermethrin plus etil sellulosa terhadap vektor DBD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya penurunan  signifikan  angka  bebas  jentik  (ABJ  sebesar  96,27%  dari  semula  85,05%,  ovitrap  indeks  dari 14,49% turun menjadi 8,88% dan daya bunuh gorden berinsektisida sipermethrin plus etil sellulosa terhadap nyamuk Ae. aegypti 82,93% pada minggu ke-15 (3 bulan.Kata Kunci:DBD, angka bebas jentik, M. aspericornis dan gorden berinsektisida

  13. KARAKTERISTIK RUANG PARKIR DI PUSAT PERBELANJAAN JALAN TANJUNGPURA KOTA PONTIANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Jocunda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Parkir merupakan tempat pemberhentian kendaraan di suatu kawasan atau bangunan, dimana masyarakat melakukan berbagai aktivitas. Pusat aktivitas untuk masyarakat agar bisa melakukan berbagai aktivitas dapat berupa kawasan pusat perbelanjaan. Daya tarik kawasan dengan tingkat mobilitas barang dan manusia, menciptakan pergerakan lalu lintas yang padat di kawasan tersebut. Peningkatan kebutuhan ruang parkir yang tidak diikuti oleh peningkatan ketersediaan kapasitas ruang parkir di pusat perbelanjaan, berpotensi menyebabkan permasalahan seperti kemacetan arus lalu lintas  karena adanya kendaraan yang parkir di fasilitas umum seperti trotoar dan bahu jalan, kerawa-nan kecelakaan lalu lintas, penurunan kualitas pelayanan jalan, dan lain-lain. Pemaha-man tentang ruang parkir di pusat perbelanjaan diperlukan semua stakeholders yang berfungsi sebagai referensi perencanaaan ruang parkir yang baik di kawasan dan bangunan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menjelaskan ruang parkir di suatu pusat perbelanjaan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah analisis non-statistik dan statistik dengan menganalisis karakteristik parkir, pola parkir, kapasitas jalan, dan tingkat pelayanan jalan. Lokasi penelitian berada di pusat perbelanjaan yang terletak di Jalan Tanjungpura, Kota Pontianak. Dari penelitian ini ditemukan hasil bahwa karakteristik ruang  parkir  pada  kawasan pusat perbelanjaan  dipengaruhi  oleh  pola aktivitas kegiatan bongkar muat barang dan durasi parkir kendaraan pengangkut barang serta  pola aktivitas kegiatan berbelanja pengunjung  yang menggunakan  mobil penumpang. Penataan menggunakan pola parkir dengan sudut 0 di badan jalan akan meningkatkan kapasitas jalan. Pusat perbelanjaan dengan model shopping street akan menarik jumlah pergerakan kendaraan  lebih kecil jika dibandingkan dengan  model department store. Jenis parkir on street di pusat perbelanjaan (shopping street memiliki

  14. Sewage sludge disintegration by high-pressure homogenization: a sludge disintegration model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuxuan; Zhang, Panyue; Ma, Boqiang; Wu, Hao; Zhang, Sheng; Xu, Xin

    2012-01-01

    High-pressure homogenization (HPH) technology was applied as a pretreatment to disintegrate sewage sludge. The effects of homogenization pressure, homogenization cycle number, and total solid content on sludge disintegration were investigated. The sludge disintegration degree (DD(COD)), protein concentration, and polysaccharide concentration increased with the increase of homogenization pressure and homogenization cycle number, and decreased with the increase of sludge total solid (TS) content. The maximum DD(COD) of 43.94% was achieved at 80 MPa with four homogenization cycles for a 9.58 g/L TS sludge sample. A HPH sludge disintegration model of DD(COD) = kNaPb was established by multivariable linear regression to quantify the effects of homogenization parameters. The homogenization cycle exponent a and homogenization pressure exponent b were 0.4763 and 0.7324 respectively, showing that the effect of homogenization pressure (P) was more significant than that of homogenization cycle number (N). The value of the rate constant k decreased with the increase of sludge total solid content. The specific energy consumption increased with the increment of sludge disintegration efficiency. Lower specific energy consumption was required for higher total solid content sludge.

  15. The effect of operational conditions on the sludge specific methanogenic activity and sludge biodegradability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leitao, R. C.; Santaella, S. T.; Haandel, A. C. van; Zeeman, G.; Lettinga, G.

    2009-07-01

    The Specific Methanogenic Activity (SMA) and sludge biodegradability of an anaerobic sludge depends on various operational and environmental conditions imposed to the anaerobic reactor. However, the effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT), influent COD concentration (COD{sub i}nf) and sludge retention time (SRT) on those two parameters need to be elucidated. This knowledge about SMA can provide insights about the capacity of the UASB reactors to withstand organic and hydraulic shock loads, whereas the biodegradability gives information necessary for final disposal of the sludge. (Author)

  16. Effect of seed sludge on characteristics and microbial community of aerobic granular sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhiwei; Pan, Yuejun; Zhang, Kun; Ren, Nanqi; Wang, Aijie

    2010-01-01

    Aerobic granular sludge was cultivated by using different kinds of seed sludge in sequencing batch airlift reactor. The influence of seed sludge on physical and chemical properties of granular sludge was studied; the microbial community structure was probed by using scanning electron microscope and polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE). The results showed that seed sludge played an important role on the formation of aerobic granules. Seed sludge taken from beer wastewater treatment plant (inoculum A) was more suitable for cultivating aerobic granules than that of sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plant (inoculum B). Cultivated with inoculum A, large amount of mature granules formed after 35 days operation, its SVI reached 32.75 mL/g, and SOUR of granular sludge was beyond 1.10 mg/(g x min). By contrast, it needed 56 days obtaining mature granules using inoculum B. DGGE profiles indicated that the dominant microbial species in mature granules were 18 and 11 OTU when inoculum A and B were respectively employed as seed sludge. The sequencing results suggested that dominant species in mature granules cultivated by inoculum A were Paracoccus sp., Devosia hwasunensi, Pseudoxanthomonas sp., while the dominant species were Lactococcus raffinolactis and Pseudomonas sp. in granules developed from inoculum B.

  17. Gas composition of sludge residue profiles in a sludge treatment reed bed between loadings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Julie D; Nielsen, Steen M; Scheutz, Charlotte

    2017-11-01

    Treatment of sludge in sludge treatment reed bed systems includes dewatering and mineralization. The mineralization process, which is driven by microorganisms, produces different gas species as by-products. The pore space composition of the gas species provides useful information on the biological processes occurring in the sludge residue. In this study, we measured the change in composition of gas species in the pore space at different depth levels in vertical sludge residue profiles during a resting period of 32 days. The gas composition of the pore space in the sludge residue changed during the resting period. As the resting period proceeded, atmospheric air re-entered the pore space at all depth levels. The methane (CH 4 ) concentration was at its highest during the first part of the resting period, and then declined as the sludge residue became more dewatered and thereby aerated. In the pore space, the concentration of CH 4 often exceeded the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). However, the total emission of CO 2 from the surface of the sludge residue exceeded the total emission of CH 4 , suggesting that CO 2 was mainly produced in the layer of newly applied sludge and/or that CO 2 was emitted from the sludge residue more readily compared to CH 4 .

  18. The effect of operational conditions on the sludge specific methanogenic activity and sludge biodegradability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leitao, R. C.; Santaella, S. T.; Haandel, A. C. van; Zeeman, G.; Lettinga, G.

    2009-01-01

    The Specific Methanogenic Activity (SMA) and sludge biodegradability of an anaerobic sludge depends on various operational and environmental conditions imposed to the anaerobic reactor. However, the effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT), influent COD concentration (COD i nf) and sludge retention time (SRT) on those two parameters need to be elucidated. This knowledge about SMA can provide insights about the capacity of the UASB reactors to withstand organic and hydraulic shock loads, whereas the biodegradability gives information necessary for final disposal of the sludge. (Author)

  19. PENGARUH BRAND EQUITY KAWASAN BELANJA KAIN CIGONDEWAH KOTA BANDUNG TERHADAP CITRA KAWASAN DAN KEPUTUSAN BERBELANJA (Survei Pada Konsumen Akhir Pengunjung Kawasan Belanja Kain Cigondewah)

    OpenAIRE

    Ani Solihat

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRAK   Pemerintah daerah Indonesia, dewasa ini mulai meninjau ulang pendekatan dan cara pandang dalam mengelola daerah dengan memberikan otonomi untuk membangun sarana dan prasarana dalam mendukung pembangunan ekonomi, sosial, manajemen tata ruang dan lingkungan bagi daerah, termasuk diantaranya Jawa Barat khususnya Kota Bandung. Pelaksanaan otonomi daerah yang seluas-luasnya bagi Kota Bandung merupakan suatu tantangan yang berat, karena adanya tuntutan untuk mewujudkan kemandirian ...

  20. DAMPAK TENAGA KERJA SEKTOR INDUSTRI TERHADAP PRODUK DOMESTIK REGIONAL BRUTO,PAJAK, INVESTASI, DAN UPAH DI KOTA BATAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Gamot Malau

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Labor becomes problem without the availability of jobs. Batam is a city with high employment rate, especially in industrial sector. The purpose of this article was to observed factors that affect the employment sector, labor supply, and regional minimum wage. The model allegedly using the method of Two Stage Least Squares (2SLS. Overall the results indicated that the level of minimum wage make a significant contribution to the formation of labor supply compared to the productive population. The level of investment was very responsive in affecting labor demand sector in both the short and long term. If there is governments policy of raising the minimum wage by 20%, the impact on the labor supply will be increased by 2.1036%, the opposite will decrease the demand for labor by 0.5898% and a decrease in the minimum wage for the city of Batam by 0. 2753%. Tenaga kerja menjadi suatu masalah apabila tidak dibarengi dengan ketersediaan lapangan kerja. Salah satu kota dengan penyerapan tenaga kerja sangat tinggi adalah kota Batam, terutama pada sektor industri. Tujuan artikel ini untuk melihat faktor yang mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja sektor industri, penawaran tenaga kerja sektor industri, dan upah minimum regional Kota Batam. Model diduga dengan mengunakan metode Two Stage Least Squares (2SLS. Secara keseluruhan hasil menunjukkan bahwa tingkat upah minimum kota Batam memberikan kontribusi cukup besar kepada pembentukan penawaran tenaga kerja dibanding jumlah penduduk produktif. Tingkat investasi sangat responsif mempengaruhi permintaan tenaga kerja sektor industri baik untuk jangka pendek maupun jangka panjang. Bila pemerintah membuat kebijakan dengan menaikkan upah minimum regional sebesar 20%, hal ini akan berdampak pada peningkatan penawaran tenaga kerja sebesar 2,1036%, sebaliknya akan menurunkan tingkat permintaan tenaga kerja sebesar 0,5898 % dan berdampak pada penurunan upah minimum kota Batam sebesar 0,2753%.

  1. SLUDGE TREATMENT PROJECT PHASE 1 SLUDGE STORAGE OPTIONS. ASSESSMENT OF T PLANT VERSUS ALTERNATE STORAGE FACILITY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rutherford, W.W.; Geuther, W.J.; Strankman, M.R.; Conrad, E.A.; Rhoadarmer, D.D.; Black, D.M.; Pottmeyer, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    The CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) has recommended to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) a two phase approach for removal and storage (Phase 1) and treatment and packaging for offsite shipment (Phase 2) of the sludge currently stored within the 105-K West Basin. This two phased strategy enables early removal of sludge from the 105-K West Basin by 2015, allowing remediation of historical unplanned releases of waste and closure of the 100-K Area. In Phase 1, the sludge currently stored in the Engineered Containers and Settler Tanks within the 105-K West Basin will be transferred into sludge transport and storage containers (STSCs). The STSCs will be transported to an interim storage facility. In Phase 2, sludge will be processed (treated) to meet shipping and disposal requirements and the sludge will be packaged for final disposal at a geologic repository. The purpose of this study is to evaluate two alternatives for interim Phase 1 storage of K Basin sludge. The cost, schedule, and risks for sludge storage at a newly-constructed Alternate Storage Facility (ASF) are compared to those at T Plant, which has been used previously for sludge storage. Based on the results of the assessment, T Plant is recommended for Phase 1 interim storage of sludge. Key elements that support this recommendation are the following: (1) T Plant has a proven process for storing sludge; (2) T Plant storage can be implemented at a lower incremental cost than the ASF; and (3) T Plant storage has a more favorable schedule profile, which provides more float, than the ASF. Underpinning the recommendation of T Plant for sludge storage is the assumption that T Plant has a durable, extended mission independent of the K Basin sludge interim storage mission. If this assumption cannot be validated and the operating costs of T Plant are borne by the Sludge Treatment Project, the conclusions and recommendations of this study would change. The following decision-making strategy, which is

  2. SLUDGE TREATMENT PROJECT PHASE 1 SLUDGE STORAGE OPTIONS ASSESSMENT OF T PLANT VERSUS ALTERNATE STORAGE FACILITY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    RUTHERFORD WW; GEUTHER WJ; STRANKMAN MR; CONRAD EA; RHOADARMER DD; BLACK DM; POTTMEYER JA

    2009-04-29

    The CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) has recommended to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) a two phase approach for removal and storage (Phase 1) and treatment and packaging for offsite shipment (Phase 2) of the sludge currently stored within the 105-K West Basin. This two phased strategy enables early removal of sludge from the 105-K West Basin by 2015, allowing remediation of historical unplanned releases of waste and closure of the 100-K Area. In Phase 1, the sludge currently stored in the Engineered Containers and Settler Tanks within the 105-K West Basin will be transferred into sludge transport and storage containers (STSCs). The STSCs will be transported to an interim storage facility. In Phase 2, sludge will be processed (treated) to meet shipping and disposal requirements and the sludge will be packaged for final disposal at a geologic repository. The purpose of this study is to evaluate two alternatives for interim Phase 1 storage of K Basin sludge. The cost, schedule, and risks for sludge storage at a newly-constructed Alternate Storage Facility (ASF) are compared to those at T Plant, which has been used previously for sludge storage. Based on the results of the assessment, T Plant is recommended for Phase 1 interim storage of sludge. Key elements that support this recommendation are the following: (1) T Plant has a proven process for storing sludge; (2) T Plant storage can be implemented at a lower incremental cost than the ASF; and (3) T Plant storage has a more favorable schedule profile, which provides more float, than the ASF. Underpinning the recommendation of T Plant for sludge storage is the assumption that T Plant has a durable, extended mission independent of the K Basin sludge interim storage mission. If this assumption cannot be validated and the operating costs of T Plant are borne by the Sludge Treatment Project, the conclusions and recommendations of this study would change. The following decision-making strategy, which is

  3. Land application of sewage sludge: Pathogen issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, A C [Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Univ. of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA (United States)

    1997-10-01

    Diseases transmitted via the faecal-oral exposure route cause severe gastroenteric disorders, and large numbers of causative organisms are discharged with the faecal matter of infected individuals. For this reason, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, or helminths, are always found in sewage sludge. If not properly treated for use in agriculture, sludge can be a source of pathogenic contamination. Radiation is an attractive method to reduce the numbers of microorganisms in sewage sludge. Routine examination for pathogens is not practised nor recommended because complicated and costly procedures are involved. Instead, an indicator organism is usually assayed and enumerated. In this paper, methods are discussed for the investigation of pathogens in sewage sludge. (author). 8 refs, 3 tabs.

  4. 183-H Basin sludge treatability test report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biyani, R.K.

    1995-01-01

    This document presents the results from the treatability testing of a 1-kg sample of 183-H Basin sludge. Compressive strength measurements, Toxic Characteristic Leach Procedure, and a modified ANSI 16.1 leach test were conducted

  5. Use of sludge as ceramic materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morais, L.C.; Vianna, R.S.C.; Campos, V.; Rosa, A.H.; Buechler, P.M.

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, with increase amounts of sludge derived from the treatment of domestic sewage put pressure into research on systems for the adequate use of these materials. The aim of the present work is to study the use of sludge ash, from sintering and calcinated process, as a raw material for the ceramic industry. Using the sewage sludge ashes as ceramic raw material there will be no contamination of soil and underground water. Metals and toxic compounds like Al, Fe, Ba, Cr, Cu, Mn and Zn oxides were analyzed and characterized by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and plasma emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The leached material was chemically analyzed where the integration of oxides into the ceramic matrix of sludge ash was observed. Residual decomposition was analyzed by TG, DTG and DTA curves. (author)

  6. Rheological characterisation of municipal sludge: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshtiaghi, Nicky; Markis, Flora; Yap, Shao Dong; Baudez, Jean-Christophe; Slatter, Paul

    2013-10-01

    Sustainable sludge management is becoming a major issue for wastewater treatment plants due to increasing urban populations and tightening environmental regulations for conventional sludge disposal methods. To address this problem, a good understanding of sludge behaviour is vital to improve and optimize the current state of wastewater treatment operations. This paper provides a review of the recent experimental works in order for researchers to be able to develop a reliable characterization technique for measuring the important properties of sludge such as viscosity, yield stress, thixotropy, and viscoelasticity and to better understand the impact of solids concentrations, temperature, and water content on these properties. In this context, choosing the appropriate rheological model and rheometer is also important. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Resistance capability of microaerobic granular sludge for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    enoh

    2012-02-08

    Feb 8, 2012 ... The resistance capability to pH shock of microaerobic granular sludge for pentachlorophenol (PCP) ... process with chlorine gas in pulp and paper, leather and spinning ... nitrifying bacteria in the aerobic zone, and then trans-.

  8. Bacteriological studies on dairy waste activated sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adamse, A.D.

    1966-01-01

    Dairy-waste activated sludge was examined for bacterial composition and response to different conditions. Strains isolated were classified mainly into three groups: predominantly coryneform bacteria (largely Arthrobacter), some Achromobacteraceae and a small groups of Pseudomonadaceae.

  9. grown on soil amended with sewage sludge

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. Corresponding ... Key Words: Sewage sludge, Green amaranth, Phytoextraction, Heavy metals. ..... Wastewater-irrigated Areas of Titagarh,.

  10. Rapid thermal conditioning of sewage sludge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jianhong

    Rapid thermal conditioning (RTC) is a developing technology recently applied to sewage sludge treatment. Sludge is heated rapidly to a reaction temperature (up to about 220sp°C) under sufficient pressure to maintain the liquid phase. Reaction is quenched after 10 to 30 seconds when the mixture of sludge and steam pass through a pressure let-down valve. This process reduces the amount of sludge requiring land disposal, eliminates the need for polymer coagulant, improves dewaterability, increases methane production, and further reduces the concentration of pathogens. The odor problem associated with traditional thermal conditioning processes is largely minimized. Ammonia removal is readily integrated with the process. For this research, a pilot unit was constructed capable of processing 90 liters of sludge per hour. Over 22 runs were made with this unit using sludge from New York City Water Pollution Control Plants (WPCP). Sludges processed in this equipment were tested to determine the effect of RTC operating conditions on sludge dewaterability, biodegradability, and other factors affecting the incorporation of RTC into wastewater treatment plants. Dewaterability of thermally conditioned sludge was assessed for cetrifugeability and filterability. Bench scale centrifugation was used for evaluating centrifugeability, pressure filtration and capillary suction time (CST) for filterability. A mathematical model developed for centrifuge dewatering was used to predict the effect of RTC on full scale centrifuge performance. Particle size distribution and solids density of raw and treated PDS were also analyzed. An observed increase in sludge solids density at least partially explains its improved centrifugeability. An investigation of thermally conditioned amino acids showed that the L-isomer is highly biodegradable while the D-isomers are generally less so. Glucose is highly biodegradable, but rapidly becomes refractory as thermal conditioning time is lengthened. This

  11. Enhancement of biogas production from sewage sludge by addition of grease trap sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grosser, A.; Neczaj, E.

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Addition of grease trap sludge is interesting option for sewage sludge digestion. • Co-digestion of grease trap sludge and sewage sludge improved efficiency of process. • The anaerobic digestion can be carried out at short hydraulic retention time. • Long chain fatty acids concentration was below the ranges for inhibition of anaerobic digestion. - Abstract: Despite having many benefits, a low degree of volatile solids removal as well as long retention time are the main factors limiting the performance of the anaerobic digestion. Co-digestion of sewage sludge with other organic waste (for example fat rich materials) is one of the few potential ways to enhance the performance of the anaerobic digestion. In this article, the effects of adding fatty rich materials on the performance and stability of semi-continuous anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge were investigated on a 6 l laboratory-scale reactor (working volume equal to 5.5 l). The reactor was operated in a semi-continuous mode with a hydraulic retention time of 10 days. The data presented in this paper relate to the period in which the grease trap sludge accounted for 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18% of the mixture on the volatile solids basis. The results clearly indicate that the addition of fat rich materials like grease trap sludge can lead to a satisfactory increase in biogas yield in digester treating sewage sludge. The results showed that co-digestion can enhance the biogas yield by 28–82% compared to anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge alone (control sample). Moreover, the addition of grease trap sludge to digesters resulted in increased volatile solids removal from 44.38% (control sample) to 57.77% (feedstock with 14% addition of grease trap sludge). It was found that the increase of grease trap sludge in the feedstock had a direct impact on the biogas production and methane yield. This proposal has also been confirmed by statistical analysis such as Pearson correlation coefficients and

  12. Sustainability of Domestic Sewage Sludge Disposal

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Bruna Rizzardini; Daniele Goi

    2014-01-01

    Activated sludge is now one of the most widely used biological processes for the treatment of wastewaters from medium to large populations. It produces high amounts of sewage sludge that can be managed and perceived in two main ways: as a waste it is discharged in landfill, as a fertilizer it is disposed in agriculture with direct application to soil or subjected to anaerobic digestion and composting. Other solutions, such as incineration or production of concrete, bricks and asphalt play a s...

  13. Physical inactivation and stabilization of sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alexandre, D.

    1979-07-01

    High temperature conditioning of sludge is a stabilization process that insures sterilization. Both thermal pasteurization and irradiation are inactivation processes. Viruses and parasites are inactivated at 70-80 0 C. Total bacterial destruction requires higher temperatures and/or detention time. Radio sensitivity of pathogens and pertinent treatment parameters are examined. If sludge is to be land disposed, disinfection requires irradiation doses ranging 500 Krad; if cattle feeding is considered, the required dose is 1 Mrad

  14. Activated Sludge and Aerobic Biofilm Reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Von Sperling, Marcos

    2007-01-01

    "Activated Sludge and Aerobic Biofilm Reactors is the fifth volume in the series Biological Wastewater Treatment. The first part of the book is devoted to the activated sludge process, covering the removal of organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus.A detailed analysis of the biological reactor (aeration tank) and the final sedimentation tanks is provided. The second part of the book covers aerobic biofilm reactors, especially trickling filters, rotating biological contractors and submerged ae...

  15. Modeling of Activated Sludge Floc Characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim H. Mustafa; G. Ibrahim; Ali Elkamel; A. H. Elahwany

    2009-01-01

    Problem Statement: The activated sludge system needs to improve the operational performance and to achieve more effective control. To realize this, a better quantitative understanding of the biofloc characteristics is required. The objectives of this study were to: (i) Study the biofloc characteristics from kinetics-mass transfer interaction point of view by quantification of the weight of the aerobic portion of the activated sludge floc to the total floc weight. (ii) Study the effect of bulk...

  16. Sewage sludge irradiators: Batch and continuous flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lavale, D.S.; George, J.R.; Shah, M.R.; Rawat, K.P.

    1998-01-01

    The potential threat to the environment imposed by high pathogenic organism content in municipal wastewater, especially the sludge and the world-wide growing aspirations for a cleaner, salubrious environment have made it mandatory for the sewage and sludge to undergo treatment, prior to their ultimate disposal to mother nature. Incapabilities associated with the conventional wastewater treatments to mitigate the problem of microorganisms have made it necessary to look for other alternatives, radiation treatment being the most reliable, rapid and environmentally sustainable of them. To promote the use of radiation for the sludge hygienization, Department of Atomic Energy has endeavoured to set up an indigenous, Sludge Hygienization Research Irradiator (SHRI) in the city of Baroda. Designed for 18.5 PBq of 60 Co to disinfect the digested sludge, the irradiator has additional provision for treatment of effluent and raw sewage. From engineering standpoint, all the subsystems have been functioning satisfactorily since its commissioning in 1990. Prolonged studies, spanning over a period of six years, primarily focused on inactivation of microorganism revealed that 3 kGy dose of gamma radiation is adequate to make the sludge pathogen and odour-free. A dose of 1.6 kGy in raw sewage and 0.5 kGy in effluent reduced coliform counts down to the regulatory discharge limits. These observations reflect a possible cost-effective solution to the burgeoning problem of surface water pollution across the globe. In the past, sub 37 PBq 60 Co batch irradiators have been designed and commissioned successfully for the treatment of sludge. Characterized with low dose delivery rates they are well-suited for treating low volumes of sludge in batches. Some concepts of continuous flow 60 Co irradiators having larger activities, yet simple and economic in design, are presented in the paper

  17. Disintegration impact on sludge digestion process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dauknys, Regimantas; Rimeika, Mindaugas; Jankeliūnaitė, Eglė; Mažeikienė, Aušra

    2016-11-01

    The anaerobic sludge digestion is a widely used method for sludge stabilization in wastewater treatment plant. This process can be improved by applying the sludge disintegration methods. As the sludge disintegration is not investigated enough, an analysis of how the application of thermal hydrolysis affects the sludge digestion process based on full-scale data was conducted. The results showed that the maximum volatile suspended solids (VSS) destruction reached the value of 65% independently on the application of thermal hydrolysis. The average VSS destruction increased by 14% when thermal hydrolysis was applied. In order to have the maximum VSS reduction and biogas production, it is recommended to keep the maximum defined VSS loading of 5.7 kg VSS/m(3)/d when the thermal hydrolysis is applied and to keep the VSS loading between 2.1-2.4 kg VSS/m(3)/d when the disintegration of sludge is not applied. The application of thermal hydrolysis leads to an approximately 2.5 times higher VSS loading maintenance comparing VSS loading without the disintegration; therefore, digesters with 1.8 times smaller volume is required.

  18. Separation of SRP waste sludge and supernate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stone, J.A.

    1976-01-01

    Sludges and supernates were separated from Savannah River Plant waste slurries by centrifugation and sand filtration. This separation, a portion of a conceptual process for solidification and long-term storage of high-level radioactive wastes, was tested in shielded cells with small-scale process equipment. Procedures for the separation were developed in tests with nonradioactive materials. Then, in 13 tests with actual sludges and supernates, solids removal ranged from 90 to 99.2 vol percent and averaged 96.4 vol percent after two passes through a basket-type centrifuge. Concentrates from the tests, containing 0.05 to 0.2 vol percent solids, were clarified by sand filter columns to produce solutions of the soluble salts with less than 0.01 vol percent solids. About 700 liters of salt solution and 8 kilograms of washed, dried sludges were separated in the tests. Effects of sludge type, flocculant, flow rates, and batch size were evaluated. Washing and drying of centrifuged sludges were studied, and two types of dryers were tested. Ruthenium volatility during drying was negligible. Washing efficiency was determined by analyses of wash solutions and sludge products

  19. Summary status of K Basins sludge characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baker, R.B.

    1995-01-01

    A number of activities are underway as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuels Project (SNFP) related to the processing and disposing of sludge in the 105-K Basins (K Basins). Efforts to rigorously define data requirements for these activities are being made using the Data Quality Objectives (DQO) process. Summaries of current sludge characterization data are required to both help support this DQO process and to allow continued progress with on-going engineering activities (e.g., evaluations of disposal alternatives). This document provides the status of K Basins sludge characterization data currently available to the Nuclear Fuel Evaluations group. This group is tasked by the SNFP to help develop and maintain the characterization baseline for the K Basins. The specific objectives of this document are to: (1) provide a current summary (and set of references) of sludge characterization data for use by SNFP initiatives, to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort and to support on-going initiatives; (2) submit these data to an open forum for review and comment, and identify additional sources of significant data that may be available; (3) provide a summary of current data to use as part of the basis to develop requirements for additional sludge characterization data through the DQO process; (4) provide an overview of the intended activities that will be used to develop and maintain the sludge characterization baseline

  20. Reuse of industrial sludge as construction aggregates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, J H; Show, K Y; Hong, S Y

    2001-01-01

    Industrial wastewater sludge and dredged marine clay are high volume wastes that needed enormous space at landfill disposal sites. Due to the limitation of land space, there is an urgent need for alternative disposal methods for these two wastes. This study investigates the possibility of using the industrial sludge in combination with marine clay as construction aggregates. Different proportions of sludge and clay were made into round and angular aggregates. It was found that certain mix proportions could provide aggregates of adequate strength, comparable to that of conventional aggregates. Concrete samples cast from the sludge-clay aggregates yield compressive strengths in the range of 31.0 to 39.0 N/mm2. The results showed that the round aggregates of 100% sludge and the crush aggregates of sludge with up to 20% clay produced concrete of compressive strengths which are superior to that of 38.0 N/mm2 for conventional aggregate. The study indicates that the conversion of high volume wastes into construction materials is a potential option for waste management.

  1. Sludge storage lagoon biogas recovery and use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muller, D.; Norville, C. (Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States))

    1991-07-01

    The City of Memphis has two wastewater treatment plants. The SWTP employs two large anaerobic digestion sludge lagoons as part of the overall sludge treatment system. Although these lagoons are effective in concentrating and digesting sludge, they can generate offensive odors. The SWTP uses aerobic digesters to partially stabilize the sludge and help reduce objectionable odors before it enters the lagoons. The anaerobic digestion of sludge in the lagoons results in the dispersion of a large quantity of biogas into the atmosphere. The City realized that if the lagoons could be covered, the odor problem could be resolved, and at the same, time, biogas could be recovered and utilized as a source of energy. In 1987, the City commissioned ADI International to conduct a feasibility study to evaluate alternative methods of covering the lagoons and recovering and utilizing the biogas. The study recommended that the project be developed in two phases: (1) recovery of the biogas and (2) utilization of the biogas. Phase 1 consists of covering the two lagoons with an insulated membrane to control odor and temperature and collect the biogas. Phase 1 was found to be economically feasible and offered a unique opportunity for the City to save substantial operating costs at the treatment facility. The Memphis biogas recovery project is the only application in the world where a membrane cover has been used on a municipal wastewater sludge lagoon. It is also the largest lagoon cover system in the world.

  2. Method of treating radioactive sludge waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shoji, Yuichi; Matsuura, Hiroyuki; Ichihashi, Toshio

    1989-01-01

    For removing water content from sludge wastes, filtration or steam condensation may be considered, but none of them can sufficiently reduce the water content since filtration may cause clogging and steam treatment has a limit in the condensation. In view of the above, radioactive sludge wastes are dehydrated by an electroosmotic process in a vessel and then dehydrated solid contents are solidified in the vessel. Since the sludge wastes are mainly composed o fion exchange resins and iron oxides deposited to the resins, when a DC voltage is applied to the sludges containing such solid contents, a force tending to premeate them through the fine pores in the filter is exerted to water. As a result, only water is removed while the solids are being held on the filters. Since the moving direction of water is different depending on the property of the sludges, the polarity of the electrodes may be changed depending on the nature of the sludges. Thus, volume reduction can be improved and treating conditions can be controlled easily by a simple device. (N.H.)

  3. PENGARUH E-WOM TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN BERKUNJUNG KE TEMPAT WISATA DI KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ati Mustikasari

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Berwisata sudah menjadi bagian dari kebutuhan sebagian masy arakat di Indonesia . Seiring dengan meningkatnya minat masyarakat Indonesia berwisata, maka industri parawisata pun mengalami perubahan pesat. Berbagai peluang usaha di bidang jasa pariwisata pun mulai merambah, seperti pemesanan tiket, akomodasi, hingga a lternatif piliha n perjalanan seperti buku, blog, sosial media, layanan jasa informasi, hingga pengalaman yang didapat dari orang lain. Hal ini dilakukan agar penggemar kegiatan wisata mempunyai banyak pilihan berwisata sekaligus mengukur jumlah bujet yang harus dikeluarkan nantinya . Fenomena kesenangan masyarakat Indonesia yang senang membagi pengalaman, perasaan, dan lain sebag a inya menjadikan media sosial seperti facebook, path, instagram dan lain - lain sangat populer di Indonesia . K egiatan ini dinamakan e - WOM. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah ingin mengetahui apakah e - WOM pada media sosia l dapat mempengaruhi keputusan berkunjung calon wisatawan khususnya ke Kota Bandung. Metode pengumpulan data pada penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner yang disebarkan kep ada 220 responden, yang kemudian diolah de ngan menggunakan Analisis Jalur. V ariabel yang diuji adalah I ntensity (X1, Valence of Opinion (X2, Content (X3 dan Keputusan berkunjung (Y. Ha sil dari penelitian ini adalah I ntensity, Valence of Opinion, dan Co ntent mampu mempengaruhi calon wisatawan untuk menentukan tempat tujuan wisata yang akan dia kunjungi di Kota Bandung baik secara parsial maupun simultan.

  4. PENYEBAB KEJADIAN ANEMIA IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS SEBERANG PADANG KOTA PADANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mery Ramadani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Penyebab langsung kematian ibu paling banyak disebabkan oleh perdarahan. Pengalaman membuktikan bahwa kematian ibu karena perdarahan lebih sering terjadi pada para ibu yang menderita anemia. Tahun 2010 prevalensi anemia ibu hamil di Puskesmas Seberang Padang Kota sebesar 28,6%, lebih tinggi dari target nasional (20%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat pengetahuan, paritas, aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi tablet Fe dengan kejadian anemia pada ibu hamil di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Seberang Padang Kota Padang. Desain penelitian menggunakan cross sectional study, dengan populasi seluruh ibu hamil trimester I s/d III. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik accidental Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara menggunakan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan 76,1% ibu hamil menderita anemia. Didapatkan hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan, paritas dan konsumsi tablet Fe dengan kejadian anemia. Diperlukan upaya peningkatan pengetahuan mengenai anemia melalui diskusi dengan petugas kesehatan maupun melalui pemanfaatan media cetak dan elektronik (membaca buku, koran dan majalah terkait kesehatan. Ibu hamil juga disarankan untuk mengkonsumsi tablet Fe secara lengkap (90 tablet selarna kehamilan, diminum bersamaan dengan vitamin C atau dengan air putih saja setelah makan malam menjelang tidur.

  5. KEEFEKTIFAN PEMBELAJARAN BERBANTUAN INTERNET DI SMK SE-KOTA YOGYAKARTA KOMPETENSI KEAHLIAN TEKNIK KOMPUTER DAN JARINGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganggang Canggi Arnanto

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan keefektifan pembelajaran berbantuan internet di sekolah menengah kejuruan (SMK Se-Kota  Yogyakarta. Sekolah-sekolah tersebut dipilih yang memiliki kompetensi keahlian Teknik Komputer dan Jaringan (TKJ dan sudah melaksanakan pembelajaran berbantuan internet sebagai persiapan untuk menyambut Asian Community 2015 pada kerjasama Promoting Information and Comunication Technology (ICT, sehingga perlu diketahui sejauh mana keefektifannya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian expost facto. Variabel penelitiannya adalah penguasaan strategi pembelajaran guru, sikap siswa, kualifikasi guru, dan kelengkapan sarana dan prasarana laboratorium komputer. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 2 dan seluruh guru yang mengajar kelas 2 kompetensi keahlian teknik komputer dan jaringan. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa angket untuk guru dan siswa, dan lembar observasi untuk kelengkapan sarana dan prasarana laboratorium komputer. Hasil analisis deskriptif mengungkapkan bahwa penguasaan strategi pembelajaran guru berada pada kategori baik (rerata 150,52 dengan tingkat kecendrungan sebesar 53,29% belum memenuhi standar yang telah ditetapkan pada kategori pembelajaran yang efektif, dan sikap siswa berada pada kategori baik (rerata 62,95 dengan tingkat kecendrungan sebesar 54,31%. Secara keseluruhan pembelajaran berbantuan internet di SMK Se-Kota Yogyakarta sudah efektif, meskipun penguasaan strategi pembelajaran guru perlu ditingkatkan dengan mengikutsertakan mereka pada pelatihan-pelatihan yang berhubungan dengan pembelajaran berbantuan internet.Kata kunci: keefektifan pembelajaran, sekolah menengah kejuruan, teknik komputer dan jaringan

  6. Studi Awal Perencanaan Jumlah Kebutuhan BTS dalam Penerapan Menara Bersama Telekomunikasi di Kota Palangka Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Gunadi Palilu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Tidak dapat dipungkiri bahwa perkembangan teknologi komunikasi bergerak (seluler saat ini semakin meningkat, hal ini terlihat dari semakin banyak dibangunnya menara  telekomunikasi,   terutama   di   Kota  Palangka  Raya. Menara telekomunikasi yang merupakan faktor pendukung dari layanan telekomunikasi seluler terus-menerus dibangun sebagai bentuk dari kebutuhan masyarakat dalam berkomunikasi. Dalam pembangunan menara telekomunikasi tentunya harus memperhatikan beberapa syarat-syarat umum seperti yang terdapat dalam Surat Edaran Direktur Jenderal Penataan Ruang Kementrian Pekerjaan Umum Nomor:06/SE/Dr/2011 tentang Petunjuk Teknis Kriteria Lokasi Menara Telekomunikasi, yang salah satu syaratnya ialah harus memperhatikan aspek estetika ruang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung jumlah kebutuhan Base Transceiver Station (BTS sebagai bentuk awal dalam penerapan pembangunan menara telekomunikasi sebagai menara bersama. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut, perhitungan jumlah pelanggan seluler dan kapasitas trafik menjadi metode perencanaan yang dibutuhkan dalam menentukan jumlah BTS dan menara bersama telekomunikasi dalam kurun waktu 5 (lima tahun ke depan. Diharapkan penelitian ini dapat menjadi referensi awal bagi pemerintah kota Palangka Raya dalam membuat suatu perencanaan atau pedoman dalam pembangunan dan pemberian izin pendirian menara telekomunikasi yang nantinya akan menjadi suatu regulasi mengenai menara telekomunikasi, sehingga pembangunan menara bersama dapat tertata dengan baik dengan tetap memperhatikan kualitas layanan bagi masyarakat.

  7. BAHAYA LATEN INFEKSI GONORE DAN KLAMIDIA DI ASIA SELATAN & ASIA TENGGARA, DI INDONESIA DAN KOTA MANADO

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    Aron Pirade

    2014-04-01

    menempati urutan tertinggi. Wilayah Asia Selatan dan Asia Timur-Selatan (juga disebut Asia Tenggara adalah wilayah dengan prevalensi Gonore dan Klamidia terbesar. Prevalensi Gonore di tahun 1995 dan 1999 yaitu 29.11 dan 27.2 juta penduduk wilayah Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Klamidia, di tahun 1995 dan tahun 1999 yaitu 40.48 dan 42.89 juta penduduk wilayah Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Di Indonesia sendiri, pada 11 area penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi Gonore dalam wilayah Indonesia menunjukkan rata-rata prosentasenya 20%-40% dari keseluruhan STI pada wanita beresiko tinggi terkena STI. Sedangkan infeksi oleh Klamidia prosentasenya 15%- 45% dari keseluruhan STI pada wanita beresiko tinggi terkena penyakit kelamin. Prosentase Gonore dan Klamidia di Kota Manado rata-rata 15-30%. Tingginya prevalensi infeksi Gonore dan Klamidia di Asia Tenggara, ternyata diikuti juga dengan tingginya perkembangan infeksi Gonore dan Klamidia di Indonesia dan Kota Manado.

  8. Pro-Kontra Hukuman Mati (Presepsi Tokoh Agama Islam dan Praktisi Hukum di Kota Palembang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qodariyah Barkah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan hasil penelitian yang membahas tentang pro-kontra hukuman mati, dengan memfokuskan kajian kepada presepsi tokoh agama agama Islam dan praktisi hukum di kota Palembang. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa Hukuman mati dalam persfektif hukum pidana di Indoneia adalah tertuang dalam Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP dan perundang-undangan lainnya yang memuat tentang hukuman mati, antara lain didalam Pasal 10 dan Pasal 11 KUHP. Hukuman pidana mati penerapannya di Indonesia menurut perspektif Tokoh Agama Islam dan praktisi hukum di kota Palembang masih terjadi pro dan kontra. Baik dikalangan praktisi hukum sendiri terjadi pro dan kontra, apakah hukuman pidana mati masih diperlukan penerapannya begitu juga dengan kalangan Tokoh Agama Islam. This article discusses the pros and cons of the death penalty, with a focus on the study of the perception of Islam and religious leaders, legal practitioners in the city of Palembang. This study concluded that the death penalty in criminal law perspective at Indoneia is contained in the Code of Criminal Law (Penal Code and other legislation that contains about the death penalty, among others in Article 10 and Article 11 of the Criminal Code. Penalty death penalty application in Indonesia from the perspective of Islamic religious leaders and legal practitioners in the city of Palembang is still going on pros and cons. Both among legal practitioners itself there are pros and cons, whether the punishment of the death penalty is still necessary application as well as the Islamic Religious Leaders.

  9. ANALISIS KESESUAIAN VEGETASI LOKAL UNTUK RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU (RTH JALUR JALAN DI PUSAT KOTA KUPANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Lestari

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH sebagai kawasan yang dapat menyokong lingkungan perkotaan mutlak dibutuhkan karena besarnya manfaat yang diberikan terhadap kehidupan masyarakat dalam menyokong kualitas dan kuantitas lingkungan perkotaan.Penyediaan RTH harus memperhatikan fungsi kawasan dan vegetasi.Setiap vegetasi memiliki fungsi dan manfaat yang berbeda, sehingga fungsi vegetasi sebaiknya disesuaikan dengan fungsi kawasan.Hal ini mengupayakan agar fungsi RTH dapat terwujud secara optimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis vegetasi lokal yang sesuai dalam perencanaan RTH jalur jalan di pusat kota Kupang. RTH jalur jalan merupakan  jalur hijau yang berada pada sekitar kawasan jalan yang terdiri dari RTH pada trotoar, pulau jalan dan bagian jalan yang memungkinkan untuk ditanami vegetasi. Fungsi vegetasi pada jalur jalan meliputi fungsi ekologi sebagai penunjang utama dan fungsi estetika sebagai fungsi pendukung. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis koefisien penilaian ideal (KPI berdasarkan peraturan menteri PU nomor 05/prt/m/2008 tentang pedoman penyediaan dan pemanfaatan RTH di kawasan perkotaan dan Direktorat Jendral Bina Marga tentang tata cara perencanaan teknik lansekap jalan nomor 033/t/bm/1996. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa vegetasi lokal yang sesuai untuk jalur jalan di pusat kota Kupang terdiri atas tanaman peneduh (pulai, lontar, johar dan tanaman hias (bakung, kembang sepatu, oleander, lidah mertua. Kata Kunci : RTH Jalur Jalan, Fungsi Kawasan, Vegetasi Lokal, Koefisiensi Penilaian Ideal (KPI.

  10. PREFERENSI PENGHUNI TINGGAL DI APARTEMEN BERSUBSIDI THE MODERN GOLF KOTA TANGERANG

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    Prima Dea Arijani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Pemenuhan kebutuhan perumahan layak bagi masyarakat menengah kebawah dan pembangunan perumahan vertikal menjadi sangat penting dalam mengurangi kepadatan. The Modern Golf Apartement menjadi apartemen bersubsidi pertama yang dibangun di kota Tangerang dengan statusnya yang bersubsidi memiliki daya tarik tersendiri bagi para penghuni untuk tinggal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui preferensi dan tujuan penghuni untuk tinggal di apartemen bersubsidi The Modern Golf. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan teknik sampling stratified random sampling. Berdasarkan analisis, diketahui bahwa faktor penghuni tinggal di apartemen bersubsidi The Modern Golf yang memiliki preferensi paling tinggi berdasakan nilai rata-ratanya yaitu faktor kemudahan aksesibilitas menuju sarana perdagangan dengan nilai rata-rata 4,63. Hal ini diperkuat dengan adanya berbagai jenis sarana perdagangan yang dapat memudahkan penghuni untuk memenuhi kebutuhannya tanpa perlu keluar dari kawasan The Modernland, serta terdapat kecenderungan aktivitas bahwa penghuni akan menuju ke sarana perdagangan baik mall maupun pusat pertokoan setelah pulang bekerja. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa adanya fenomena masyarakat perkotaan yang cenderung konsumtif serta tingginya minat masyarakat terhadap hunian yang berada di pusat kota dengan dilengkapi dengan sarana prasarana pendukung.

  11. Prevalence and factors related to smoking among secondary school students in Kota Tinggi District, Johor, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, K H; Amal, N M; Hanjeet, K; Mashod, M Y; Wan Rozita, W M; Sumarni, M G; Hadzrik, N O

    2006-06-01

    Smoking among adolescent is a public health concern in Malaysia. Multiple studies on smoking prevalence and its related factors have been conducted in Malaysia, however, they were specific to either urban or rural areas alone. Studies in mixed settlement areas (urban, rural, land development area) had not been intensively investigated. This study reports the prevalence, demographic and factors related to smoking amongst form four students in the district of Kota Tinggi, Johor. A cross-sectional study of 16-year old secondary school students in Kota Tinggi district was conducted using two-stage stratified, proportionate sampling in July 2005. The study instrument used was a validated structured questionnaire on smoking and its related factors. Smoking prevalence was found to be 29.7%. More than 50% of male students were smokers. Prevalence was highest in FELDA (Federal Land Development Authority) settlement areas. Smoking was associated with having a brother or friend who smokes and poor academic performance. The study revealed that smoking prevalence was high, especially among male students in land development schemes. This situation will contribute to high smoking-related health problems in the future if proper preventive measures are not taken accordingly.

  12. ANALISIS PEREKONOMIAN DAERAH DAN PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT

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    jolianis koto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify and analyze: 1 the effect of household consumption, private investment, and development spending revenue to the regional economy, 2 the effect of private investment, construction spending, employment and regional economy on local income. This study is an exploration studies conducted throughout the Kabupaten/Kota is as much as 19 districts / cities in West Sumatra province. Years of the study period was 2005 to 2009 (5 years. The study found that: 1 household consumption, private investment, and development spending revenue simultaneously or partially significant effect on the regional economy regencies / cities in West Sumatra province. The higher the level of household consumption of a region, the allocation of development spending is high, the amount of private investment that invested in the area and the higher revenues will be able to improve the condition of the local economy. 2 Private investment, construction spending, employment and regional economy simultaneously and partially significant effect on revenue Kabupaten/Kota in West Sumatra province. A growing number of private parties to invest in the area, the size of the allocation of development funds for various public sector facilities, the more labor is absorbed by the sector of the economy will be able to increase local income. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis: 1 Pengaruh konsumsi rumah tangga, investasi swasta, belanja pembangunan dan pendapatan asli daerah terhadap perekonomian daerah, 2 Pengaruh investasi swasta, belanja pembangunan, tenaga kerja dan perekonomian daerah terhadap pendapatan asli daerah.

  13. PROFIL KESULITAN BELAJAR FISIKA POKOK BAHASAN KELISTRIKAN SISWA SMA DI KOTA SEMARANG

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    Ani Rusilowati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan profil kesulitan belajar Fisika, khususnya pokok bahasan Kelistrikan yang dialami oleh siswa SMA di kota Semarang. Sampel penelitian adalah siswa SMA kelas X di kota Semarang, diambil secara cluster, dari SMA negeri dan swasta peringkat I, II, dan III, sebanyak 214 siswa. Kesulitan belajar didiagnosis dengan lima pendekatan, yaitu tujuan pembelajaran, pengetahuan prasyarat, profil materi, miskonsepsi, dan pengetahuan terstruktur. Kesulitan belajar Kelistrikan antara lain disebabkan oleh rendahnya penguasaan konsep, lemahnya kemampuan matematis, dan kekurangmampuan mengkonversi satuan. Penyebab kesulitan belajar dalam pengetahuan terstruktur adalah rendahnya kemampuan: verbal, menggunakan skema, membuat strategi pemecahan masalah, dan membuat algoritma. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesulitan belajar Kelistrikan rata-rata terjadi pada sub pokok bahasan: Kuat Arus Listrik, Hukum Ohm, Hambatan Penghantar, Hukum Kirchof II, Energi & Daya Listrik, dan Transformator. Sebagian siswa masih mengalami miskonsepsi terhadap konsep Hukum Ohm dan Hambatan Penghantar. Bagi siswa  sekolah peringkat III mengalami kesulitan belajar di semua aspek dan materi Kelistrikan Kata kunci : profil, kesulitan belajar, kelistrikan

  14. Aplikasi Algoritma Branch and Bound Untuk Optimasi Jalur Pemadam Kebakaran Kota Yogyakarta

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    Sri Margiyani

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Kasus kebakaran di Indonesia, khususnya Kota Yogyakarta dari tahun ke tahun masih menunjukkan angka yang tinggi. Hal ini mengakibatkan kerugian yang cukup tinggi bagi korban kebakaran. Untuk meminimalisasi terjadinya korban jiwa dan kerugian secara material saat terjadi kebakaran, maka pihak pemadam kebakaran mengupayakan melalui rute terpendek untuk sampai di lokasi kebakaran. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah pencarian rute terpendek jalur pemadam kebakaran dari kantor pemadam sampai ke lokasi kebakaran. Permasalahan pencarian rute terpendek jalur pemadam kebakaran secara abstrak dapat digambarkan dengan suatu graf yang merupakan masalah optimasi dalam pencarian rute terpendek (Shortest Path Problem. Pemecahan permasalahan tersebut adalah dengan merepresentasikan peta pemadam kebakaran ke dalam bentuk graf berbobot dan berarah, selanjutnya permasalahan diselesaikan menggunakan Algoritma Branch and Bound. Perhitungan dilakukan secara manual dengan jarak (dalam meter sebagai bobot perhitungan.  Berdasarkan perhitungan menggunakan Algoritma Branch and Bound untuk optimasi jalur pemadam kebakaran Kota Yogyakarta untuk wilayah Kecamatan Umbulharjo menghasilkan solusi rute: Kantor pemadam kebakaran – Jln. Ipda Tut Harsono - Jln. Kusumanegara – Jln. Glagahsari – Kantor Kecamatan Umbulharjo dengan total jarak 5305 meter atau 5,035 km.

  15. JALUR SEPEDA SEBAGAI BAGIAN DARI SISTEM TRANSPORTASI KOTA YANG BERWAWASAN LINGKUNGAN

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    A Artiningsih

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Menciptakan kota berwawasan lingkungan dapat diupayakan dengan mengurangi volume kendaraan, misalnya melalui penggunaan angkutan umum massal atau penggunaan kendaraan ramah lingkungan. Penggunaan sepeda sebagai kendaraan ramah lingkungan di Jakarta, telah diinisiasi oleh komunitas yang menerapkan gaya hidup berwawasan lingkungan, misalnya komunitas B2W (Bike to Work. Sepeda menjadi pilihan menarik karena biaya operasionalnya yang murah, dan kesanggupan memperpendek waktu tempuh di jalanan yang macet, serta kemampuannya bermanuver di sela-sela kendaraan lain. Namun sekarang ini jalur khusus sepeda, maupun lahan parkir khusus sepeda di per-kotaan masih terbatas. Akibatnya, muncul ancaman terhadap keselamatan pengguna sepeda, karena harus berkendara pada kondisi jalan tanpa pemisah jalur kendaraan bermotor dan tidak bermotor. Akibatnya ada okupansi pedestrian menjadi jalur sepeda, yang akhirnya mengancam keselamatan pe-jalan kaki. Banyak hal patut dipertanyakan. Apa urgensi jalur sepeda pada pengembangan infratruktur jalan di perkotaan? Apakah kemudian upaya pengembangan jalur sepeda tidak akan menjadi hal yang kontra produktif dalam penataan ruang? Mengingat, penciptaan kota berkelanjutan melalui perenca-naan dan pengelolaan sistem transportasi baru efektif jika terintegrasi dengan strategi pengelolaan penggunaan lahan dan lingkungan. Alokasi jalur sepeda di perkotaan bukanlah upaya yang berdiri sendiri, namun harus menjadi salah satu bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dari rangkaian strategi pem-bangunan berkelanjutan yang dilakukan secara simultan.

  16. Persepsi Guru BK Tentang Kompetensi Konselor di Sekolah Dasar Swasta Kota Semarang

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    Restu Setyoningtyas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tentang persepsi guru BK tentang kompetensi konselor di sekolah dasar swasta Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif, responden penelitian adalah guru BK sekolah dasar swasta, teknik pengumpulan data berupa skala psikologi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan Analisis Deskriptif Persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persepsi guru BK tentang kompetensi konselor mendapatkan hasil yang positif. Kompetensi pedagogik yaitu positif, kepribadian yaitu kurang positif, sosial yaitu kurang positif, profesional yaitu cukup positif. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah persepsi guru BK tentang kompetensi konselor di sekolah dasar swasta Kota Semarang pada umumnya positif. The purpose of this research is determine perception guidance and counseling teacher about counselor competence in private elementary school on Semarang city. This research is quantitative. Respondens is guidance and counseling teacher from private elementary school, techniques of data collection are psychology scale and documentation. The data analysis using Analysis Descriptive Percentage. Result showed that research is perception  guidance and counseling teacher about counselor competence is positive. Pedagogic competence is positive, personality is not positive enough, social is not positive enough, professional is positive enough. The conclusion of this research is perception guidance and counseling teacher about counselor competence in private elementary school on Semarang city in general is positive.

  17. Reasonable management plan of sludge in sewage disposal plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yum, Kyu Jin; Koo, Hyun Jung [Korea Environment Institute, Seoul (Korea)

    1998-12-01

    The compost method, which is widely used as a sewage disposal recycling in Korea, is now basically impossible to recycle sludge to compost by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry announcement. Therefore, the disposal of sludge will be much harder with reducing the amount of sludge used as compost. The amount of sludge other than using as compost is very small, so the development of various sludge recycling and use will be needed with regulations. This study was implemented to help the establishment of sewage sludge recycling policy in Korea. 30 refs., 17 figs., 58 tabs.

  18. Deep Sludge Gas Release Event Analytical Evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sams, Terry L.

    2013-01-01

    Long Abstract. Full Text. The purpose of the Deep Sludge Gas Release Event Analytical Evaluation (DSGRE-AE) is to evaluate the postulated hypothesis that a hydrogen GRE may occur in Hanford tanks containing waste sludges at levels greater than previously experienced. There is a need to understand gas retention and release hazards in sludge beds which are 200 -300 inches deep. These sludge beds are deeper than historical Hanford sludge waste beds, and are created when waste is retrieved from older single-shell tanks (SST) and transferred to newer double-shell tanks (DST).Retrieval of waste from SSTs reduces the risk to the environment from leakage or potential leakage of waste into the ground from these tanks. However, the possibility of an energetic event (flammable gas accident) in the retrieval receiver DST is worse than slow leakage. Lines of inquiry, therefore, are (1) can sludge waste be stored safely in deep beds; (2) can gas release events (GRE) be prevented by periodically degassing the sludge (e.g., mixer pump); or (3) does the retrieval strategy need to be altered to limit sludge bed height by retrieving into additional DSTs? The scope of this effort is to provide expert advice on whether or not to move forward with the generation of deep beds of sludge through retrieval of C-Farm tanks. Evaluation of possible mitigation methods (e.g., using mixer pumps to release gas, retrieving into an additional DST) are being evaluated by a second team and are not discussed in this report. While available data and engineering judgment indicate that increased gas retention (retained gas fraction) in DST sludge at depths resulting from the completion of SST 241-C Tank Farm retrievals is not expected and, even if gas releases were to occur, they would be small and local, a positive USQ was declared (Occurrence Report EM-RP--WRPS-TANKFARM-2012-0014, 'Potential Exists for a Large Spontaneous Gas Release Event in Deep Settled Waste Sludge'). The purpose of this technical

  19. AKOMODASI BAHASA PADA MASYARAKAT KOTA PEKALONGAN ETNIS JAWA–TIONGHOA–ARAB DALAM RANAH PERDAGANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulis Adyana

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Masyarakat Kota Pekalongan merupakan multietnis dan multibahasa. Pemilihan bahasa dalam masyarakat multibahasa diperlukan agar komunikasi berjalan lancar sesuai dengan tujuan. Pemilihan bahasa pada masyarakat multibahasa dapat berupa akomodasi bahasa. Proses akomodasi bahasa dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menentukan bahasa mana yang sesuai digunakan pada peristiwa tutur dalam ranah perdagangan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan wujud pilihan bahasa, pola akomodasi bahasa, faktor penyebab akomodasi bahasa, dan fungsi sosial akomodasi bahasa pada masyarakat Kota Pekalongan etnis Jawa–Tionghoa–Arab dalam ranah perdagangan. Data dikumpulkan dengan metode simak dan teknik sadap sebagai teknik dasarnya. Kemudian diteruskan dengan teknik lanjutan berupa teknik simak libat cakap, teknik simak bebas libat cakap, teknik rekam, dan teknik catat. Analisis data dilakukan dengan metode etnografi. Wujud pilihan bahasa yang digunakan oleh masyarakat Kota Pekalongan etnis Jawa–Tionghoa–Arab dalam ranah perdagangan meliputi tunggal bahasa, alih kode, dan campur kode. Pola akomodasi bahasa yang dilakukan etnis Jawa–divergensi, Tionghoa–konvergensi dan Arab–konvergensi. Faktor penyebab terjadinya akomodasi bahasa masyarakat Kota Pekalongan etnis Jawa–Tionghoa–Arab dalam ranah perdagangan adalah status sosial, jarak sosial, usia, dan tujuan tuturan. Fungsi sosial akomodasi bahasa masyarakat Kota Pekalongan etnis Jawa–Tionghoa–Arab dalam ranah perdagangan adalah fungsi representasi, referensi, heuristik, interaksi, regulasi, instrumental, dan personal..Pekalongan has multi-ethnics and multi-languages society. Selection of the language in a multilingual society is needed in order to run in accordance with the purpose of communication. The language selection can be in a form of multilingual community language accommodation. Language accommodation process is conducted in order to determine where the appropriate language is used in speech

  20. MAKNA LOKALITAS WAJAH BANGUNAN KOLONIAL DI PUSAT KOTA KRIAN-SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Febrianto

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Arsitektur pada dasarnya merupakan wujud kreativitas manusia dalam kehidupan baik sebagai makhluk individu maupun makhluk sosial yang berbudaya sekaligus bentuk adaptasi terhadap kondisi alam. Kota Krian merupakan kota tua dan mengalami perkembangan pesat pada jaman kolonial Belanda. Gaya arsitektur kolonial kemudian berkembang dan menjadi tren bagi masyarakat lokal yang didominasi oleh suku jawa.Uniknya bangunan-bangunan gayakolonial tersebut dibangun dan dimiliki oleh warga lokal. Wajah bangunan sebagai ekspresi pemiliki rumah menjadi komponen utama dalam membentuk citra kawasan, tetapi saat ini akibat perkembangan kota banyak terjadi perubahan wajah bangunan dan fungsi bangunan yang mengdegradasi hal tersebut. Tujuan studi adalah untuk mengetahui makna bentuk elemen wajah bangunan bergaya kolonial di Kota Krian. Metode penelitian menggunakan kualitatif deskriptif dengan pengamatan pada elemen-elemen wajah bangunan sehingga dapat dianalisis tipologi yang bermuara pada makna wajah bangunan. Hasil penelitian menjelaskan makna dari setiap bentuk elemen wajah bangunan berdasarkan orientasi, atap, pintu, jendela, kolom bangunan, lantai bangunan, dan ornamen bangunan   Architecture is basically a form of human creativity, both as individual  and social creature, as the adaptation with the environment. Krian City is the old town and has experiencing  with a  rapid development in the colonial era.  Afterwards,  colonial architectural styles evolved and became a trend for local communities that dominated by Javanese.  Colonial style buildings  were  built and owned by the local residents(Javanese. Building facade as an expression of the owner has became a major component in shaping the image of the city,  however, presently, due to the development of Krian City;it make many changes in building façade and the function of the buildings. The aim of this study is to find out the meaning of the elements from building  façade  in the

  1. HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, PERILAKU, DAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DENGAN ANGKA KECACINGAN PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA PALU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sitti Chadijah

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenyakit Kecacingan tersebar luas, baik di pedesaan maupun di perkotaan. Penyakit kecacingan di Indonesia masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat karena prevalensinya yang masih sangat tinggi yaitu antara 45-65%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi dan hubungan antara pengetahuan, perilaku dan sanitasilingkungan dengan angka kecacingan pada anak Sekolah Dasar (SD di Kota Palu. Penelitian dilakukan di Kelurahan Watusampu dan Kelurahan Lolu Utara di Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah selama delapan bulan, yaitu bulan April sampai November 2011. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasi dengan menggunakan disain cross sectional study. Datadikumpulkan dengan cara wawancara dan pengambilan sampel tinja dari 288 siswa SD. Pemeriksaan tinja dilakukan di Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala dengan penggunakan metode langsung. Pengumpulan tinja dilakukan selama tiga hari berturut-turut setelah kunjungan ke sekolah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 288 sampel, 90 sampel adalahpositif terinfeksi cacing. Jenis cacing paling dominan menginfeksi adalah Ascaris lumbricoides (83,34%. Prevalensi kecacingan pada anak SD di Kota Palu sebesar 31,6%. Tidak ada bukti yang cukup menunjukkan hubungan antara pengetahuan, perilaku, dan sanitasi lingkungan dengan angka kecacingan pada anak SD di Kota Palu. (p-value > 0,05;p = 0,466, p = 0,382, p = 0,349.Kata kunci: prevalensi kecacingan, anak sekolah dasar, pengetahuan, perilaku, sanitasi lingkungan, Kota PaluAbstractSoil transmitted helminth diseases are wide spread in urban and rural areas. Soil transmitted helminth disease is still a public health problem in Indonesia due to the prevalence is still high with range 45-65%. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the association between knowledge, practice, and environmental sanitation and soil transmitted helminth disease prevalence in elementary school students in Palu Municipality, Central Sulawesi. This study was carried out

  2. ANALISIS KINERJA PEGAWAI PADA KANTOR PERTANAHAN KOTA PEKANBARU (PADA SEKSI HAK TANAH DAN PENDAFTARAN TANAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masirun Masirun

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak : Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kantor pertanahan kota pekanbaru riau, yang terletak dijalan, Pepaya NO 47 Kantor pertanahan merupakan kantor pelayanan masyarakat bertujuan membuat sertifikat-sertifikat tanah dan Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kinerja karyawan pada kantor pertanahan kota pekanbaru. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh karyawan pada kantor pertanahan Pekanbaru. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah sampling jenuh (sensus dimana seluruh anggota populasi dijadikan sampel penelitian, diperoleh jumlah sampel sebanyak 62 karyawan. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis secara deskriptif.Dalam penelitian ini, jenis dan sumber data yang digunakan berupa data primer yang diperoleh dari kantor pertanahan kota pekanbaru.diolah lebih lanjut, serta data sekunder yang berupa data yang telah jadi tanpa mengalami perubahan seperti sejarah singkat perusahaan, job description masing-masing bagian perusahaan, serta struktur organisasi perusahaan.Adapun pendidikan dan pelatihan pada kantor pertanahan kota pekanbaru riau jugak di katagorikan cukup baik. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari kualitas, produktivitas yang meningkat dengan adanya pendidikan dan pelatihan serta pengembangan idividu dan jugak dengan adanya pendidikan dan pelatihan tersebut sangat membantu dalam hal meningkatkan kualitas dan produktivitas kerja serta merupakan perencanaan dalam menciptakan sumber daya manusia yang lebih baik lagi.Dari hasil analisis penelitian tersebut diketahui bahwa rata-rata karyawan yang bekerja pada kantor pertanahan kota pekanbaru cukup baik, Kinerja karyawan tersebut dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor yaitu : Sifat, Perilaku, Kompetensi. Abstract : This study was conducted in the Office of Riau pekanbaru city land, which is located in the street, Papaya NO 47. The land office is aimed at making the civil service of the certificates of land and the purpose of this study is to analyze the performance of employees at the land office

  3. Dispersed plug flow model for upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactors with focus on granular sludge dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalyuzhnyi, S.V.; Fedorovich, V.V.; Lens, P.N.L.

    2006-01-01

    A new approach to model upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB)-reactors, referred to as a one-dimensional dispersed plug flow model, was developed. This model focusses on the granular sludge dynamics along the reactor height, based on the balance between dispersion, sedimentation and convection using

  4. Sludge treatment facility preliminary siting study for the sludge treatment project (A-13B)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    WESTRA, A.G.

    1999-01-01

    This study evaluates various sites in the 100 K area and 200 areas of Hanford for locating a treatment facility for sludge from the K Basins. Both existing facilities and a new standalone facility were evaluated. A standalone facility adjacent to the AW Tank Farm in the 200 East area of Hanford is recommended as the best location for a sludge treatment facility

  5. Impact of sludge properties on solid-liquid separation of activated sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Morten Lykkegaard

    2016-01-01

    Solid-liquid separation of activated sludge is important both directly after the biological treatment of wastewater and for sludge dewatering. The separation of solid from the treated wastewater can be done by clarifiers (conventional plants) or membrane (MBR). Further, part of the sludge is taken...... out from the proces and usually dewatered before further handling. The separation process is costly. Moreover, the separation process depends on the composition and the properties of the sludge. The best separation is obtained for sludge that contains strong, compact flocs without single cells...... and dissolved extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Polyvalent ions improve the floc strangth and improve the separation whereas monovalent ions (e.g. from road salt, sea water intrusion and industry) reduces impair the separation. Further high pH impairs the separation process due to floc disintegration...

  6. Wastewater and sludge management and research in Oman: An overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffar Abdul Khaliq, Suaad; Ahmed, Mushtaque; Al-Wardy, Malik; Al-Busaidi, Ahmed; Choudri, B S

    2017-03-01

    It is well recognized that management of wastewater and sludge is a critical environmental issue in many countries. Wastewater treatment and sludge production take place under different technical, economic, and social contexts, thus requiring different approaches and involving different solutions. In most cases, a regular and environmentally safe wastewater treatment and associated sludge management requires the development of realistic and enforceable regulations, as well as treatment systems appropriate to local circumstances. The main objective of this paper is to provide useful information about the current wastewater and sludge treatment, management, regulations, and research in Oman. Based on the review and discussion, the wastewater treatment and sludge management in Oman has been evolving over the years. Further, the land application of sewage sludge should encourage revision of existing standards, regulations, and policies for the management and beneficial use of sewage sludge in Oman. Wastewater treatment and sludge management in Oman have been evolving over the years. Sludge utilization has been a challenge due to its association with human waste. Therefore, composting of sewage sludge is the best option in agriculture activities. Sludge and wastewater utilization can add up positively in the economic aspects of the country in terms of creating jobs and improving annual income rate. The number of research projects done on wastewater reuse and other ongoing ones related to the land application of sewage sludge should encourage revision of existing standards, regulations, and policies for the management and beneficial use of sewage sludge in Oman.

  7. Nuclear safety of extended sludge processing on tank 42 and 51 sludge (DWPF sludge feed batch one)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clemons, J.S.

    1993-01-01

    The sludge in tanks 42 and 51 is to be washed with inhibited water to remove soluble salts and combined in tank 51 in preparation for feed to DWPF. Since these tanks contain uranium and plutonium, the process of washing must be evaluated to ensure subcriticality is maintained. When the sludge is washed, inhibited water is added, the tank contents are slurried and allowed to settle. The sludge wash water is then decanted to the evaporator feed tank where it is fed to the evaporator to reduce the volume. The resulting evaporator concentrate is sent to a salt tank where it cools and forms crystallized salt cake. This salt cake will later be dissolved, processed in ITP and sent to Z-Area. This report evaluates the supernate and sludge during washing, the impact on the evaporator during concentration of decanted wash water, and the salt tank where the concentrated supernate is deposited. The conclusions generated in this report are specific to the sludge currently contained in tanks 42 and 51

  8. Degradation of slime extracellular polymeric substances and inhibited sludge flocs destruction contribute to sludge dewaterability enhancement during fungal treatment of sludge using filamentous fungus Mucor sp. GY-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhenyu; Zheng, Guanyu; Zhou, Lixiang

    2015-09-01

    Mechanisms responsible for the sludge dewaterability enhanced by filamentous fungi during fungal treatment of sludge were investigated in the present study. The filamentous fungus Mucor sp. GY-1, isolated from waste activated sludge, enhanced sludge dewaterability by 82.1% to achieve the lowest value of normalized sludge specific resistance to filtration (SRF), 8.18 × 10(10) m · L/kg · g-TSS. During the fungal treatment of sludge, 57.8% of slime extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and 51.1% of polysaccharide in slime EPS were degraded, respectively, by Mucor sp. GY-1, contributing to the improvement of sludge dewaterability. Slime EPS is much more available for Mucor sp. GY-1 than either LB-EPS or TB-EPS that bound with microbial cells. In addition, filamentous fungus Mucor sp. GY-1 entrapped small sludge particles and inhibited the destruction of sludge flocs larger than 100 μm, thus enhancing sludge dewaterability, during fungal treatment of sludge using Mucor sp. GY-1. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Gas Generation from K East Basin Sludges - Series II Testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bryan, Samuel A.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Sell, Rachel L.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Gano, Susan R.; Thornton, Brenda M.

    2001-01-01

    This report describes work to examine the gas generation behavior of actual K East (KE) Basin floor, pit and canister sludge. Mixed and unmixed and fractionated KE canister sludge were tested, along with floor and pit sludges from areas in the KE Basin not previously sampled. The first report in this series focused on gas generation from KE floor and canister sludge collected using a consolidated sampling technique. The third report will present results of gas generation testing of irradiated uranium fuel fragments with and without sludge addition. The path forward for management of the K Basin Sludge is to retrieve, ship, and store the sludge at T Plant until final processing at some future date. Gas generation will impact the designs and costs of systems associated with retrieval, transportation and storage of sludge

  10. Enhanced remediation of an oily sludge with saline water ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enhanced remediation of an oily sludge with saline water. ... the remediation of an oily sludge, which was part of the waste stream from the improvement ... m3 of fresh water respectively while 'treatment' reactors C and D received ...

  11. Sludge pipe flow pressure drop prediction using composite power ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sludge pipe flow pressure drop prediction using composite power-law friction ... Water SA. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue ... When predicting pressure gradients for the flow of sludges in pipes, the ...

  12. Organic matter and heavy metals in grey-water sludge

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-01-08

    Jan 8, 2010 ... metal loads comparable to Danish sewage sludge, and it exceeds the Danish quality criteria for ... The hydraulic retention time (HRT) of the whole plant is .... sludge will contain an important part of the XOCs which were.

  13. Microwave enhanced digestion of aerobic SBR sludge | Kennedy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MWs) for improving characteristics of aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR) sludge to enhance mesophilic anaerobic digestion. Effects of pretreatment temperature, MW irradiation intensity and solids concentration on sludge characterisation ...

  14. The influence of aerobic sludge retention time on anaerobic co ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABR) and aerobic plug flow reactor (PFR) were operated aiming to minimize excess sludge output of the activated sludge process through coupled alkaline hydrolysis and anaerobic digestion. Variations in the effluent total chemical oxygen ...

  15. STATUS BERKELANJUTAN KOTA TANGERANG SELATAN-BANTEN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS (Sustainable Status of South Tangerang City-Banten Using Key Performance Indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heri Apriyanto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pembangunan kota yang tidak terkendali akan mengakibatkan tekanan terhadap lingkungan dan beban masyarakat meningkat, sebaliknya degradasi lingkungan akan mengakibatkan pembatasan pengembangan ekonomi dan penurunan kualitas hidup. Guna mencegah terjadinya dampak-dampak negatif, maka diperlukan prinsip-prinsip pembangunan kota yang berkelanjutan. Evaluasi terhadap pelaksanan pembangunan kota yang berkelanjutan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah pembangunan suatu kota sudah atau belum/tidak berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyusun Key Performance Indicators (KPI guna menilai status pembangunan kota berkelanjutan. Perumusan KPI ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. KPI yang dihasilkan terdiri dari 21 indikator dan 9 elemen dari 3 pilar pembangunan berkelanjutan (ekonomi, sosial, dan lingkungan. Implementasi KPI dilakukan untuk pengukuran status keberlanjutan Kota Tangerang Selatan. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa kota ini termasuk dalam tahap awal pembangunan berkelanjutan. Secara umum perkembangan ekonomi dan sosial relatif cukup baik, namun tidak demikian dengan kondisi lingkungannya. ABSTRACT Uncontrolled urban development will result in pressure on the environment and the burden of the people. On the contrary, environmental degradation will lead to restricted economic development and decreased quality of life. In order to prevent negative impacts, it is necessary to implement the principles of sustainable city development. Evaluation of the implementation of sustainable city development is needed to determine whether the development of a city is sustainable or not. This study aimed to develop Key Performance Indicators (KPI to assess the status of sustainable city development. The formulation of KPI is done with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. KPI generated consists of 21 indicators and 9 elements of the 3 pillars of sustainable development (economic, social, and environmental

  16. Characteristics of biosolids from sludge treatment wetlands for agricultural reuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uggetti, Enrica; Ferrer, Ivet; Nielsen, Steen

    2012-01-01

    Sludge treatment wetlands (STW) consist of constructed wetlands systems specifically developed for sludge treatment over the last decades. Sludge dewatering and stabilisation are the main features of this technology, leading to a final product which may be recycled as an organic fertiliser or soi...... legal limits for land application of the sludge. Our results suggest that biosolids from the studied STW can be valorised in agriculture, especially as soil conditioner....

  17. Municipal Sewage Sludge Drying Treatment by an Composite Modifier

    OpenAIRE

    Na Wei

    2012-01-01

    A sludge composite modifier (SCM) which comprises a mixture of three cementitious components was proposed for sludge drying and stabilization. Effect of SCM components on sludge moisture content was analyzed using uniform design and the optimum composition of SCM was determined by computer-aided modeling and optimization. To compare the drying effect of SCM, quicklime, and Portland cement, the effects of material content and curing time on moisture content of sludge were also studied. The res...

  18. Physical Properties of Hanford Transuranic Waste Sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poloski, A. P.

    2004-01-01

    This project has two primary objectives. The first is to understand the physical properties and behavior of the Hanford transuranic (TRU) tank sludges under conditions that might exist during retrieval, treatment, packaging, and transportation for disposal at WIPP. The second primary objective is to develop a fundamental understanding of these sludge suspensions by correlating the macroscopic properties with particle interactions occurring at the colloidal scale in the various liquid media. The results of this research effort will enhance the existing understanding of agglomeration phenomena and the properties of complex colloidal suspensions. In addition, the knowledge gained and capabilities developed during this effort will aid in the development and optimization of techniques to process the wastes at various DOE sites. These objectives will be accomplished by: (1) characterizing the TRU sludges contained in the Hanford tanks that are intended for shipment to WIPP; (2) determining the physical behavior of the Hanford TRU tank sludges under conditions that might exist during treatment and packaging; (3) and modeling the retrieval, treatment, and packaging operations that will be performed at Hanford to dispose of TRU tank sludges

  19. Supercritical water gasification of sewage sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aye, L.; Yamaguchi, D. [Melbourne Univ. International Technologies Centre, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    2006-07-01

    Supercritical water gasification (SCWG) is an attractive technology for producing fuels from biomass and waste materials. As a result of greenhouse gas emissions and issues related to local air pollutants, hydrogen production from these renewable energy resources has been gaining in popularity. Disposal of sewage sludge is another environmental problem that have led to severe regulations. Incineration has been one of the most commonly used means of sewage sludge disposal. Thermal gasification produces gaseous fuel, making it a better option over incineration. However, due to its high moisture content, this process is not feasible to make use of sewage sludge directly. In order to analyze SCWG of sewage sludge, it has been determined that equilibrium analysis is most suitable since the maximum achievable amount of hydrogen in a given reacting condition can be estimated. The equilibrium model can be divided into two types of models, namely stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric. This paper presented the results of a study that used a computer program to develop a nonstoichiometric model with the direct Gibbs free energy minimization technique. In addition, various biomass were simulated for comparisons in order to identify if sewage sludge is a potential feedstock for hydrogen production. Last, the effects of reaction pressure and temperature on product distribution were also examined. It was shown that the proposed model is capable of estimating the product distribution at equilibrium. 33 refs., 4 tabs., 6 figs.

  20. Recovery of phosphorus from sewerage treatment sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manuilova, Anastasia

    1999-07-01

    This thesis is a review of the current state of technologies for the removal of phosphorus from wastewater and sludge, and the recovery and re-use of phosphorus. It explains the need for phosphorus removal and describes the current removal processes. Focus is given to phosphorus crystallisation processes and to the processes which treat sewage treatment sludges into potential sources of phosphorus. An interesting possibility to recover phosphorus from sewage sludge by use of Psenner fractionation is also discussed. By this method, the following phosphate fractions of technological significance may be distinguished: (1) redox sensitive phosphates, mainly bound to Fe(OH){sub 3}; (2) phosphate adsorbed to surfaces (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), exchangeable against OH{sup -}, and alkali-soluble phosphate; (3) phosphate bound to CaCO{sub 3}, MgCO{sub 3} and in apatite; and (4) organically bound phosphate. The basic removal mechanisms, process schemes and treatment results are described. Two experiments with three different types of sludges from Henriksdal wastewater treatment plant in Stockholm were performed in the laboratory. It was shown that the addition of sodium hydroxide or hydrochloric acid cause the significant release of phosphate (about 80%) for all types of sludges. If a whole Psenner fractionation was performed the phosphate release is approximately 100%.

  1. Solar drying in sludge management in Turkey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamil Salihoglu, Nezih; Pinarli, Vedat; Salihoglu, Guray [Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Environmental Engineering Department, Uludag University, 16059, Bursa (Turkey)

    2007-08-15

    Two main wastewater treatment plants in Bursa city in Turkey will start to operate and produce at least 27,000 tons of dry solids per year by the end of 2006. The purpose of this study was to investigate an economical solution to the sludge management problem that Bursa city would encounter. The general trend in Turkey is mechanical dewatering to obtain a dry solid (DS) content of 20%, and liming the mechanically dewatered sludge to reach the legal land filling requirement, 35% DS content. This study recommends limited liming and solar drying as an alternative to only-liming the mechanically dewatered sludge. Open and covered solar sludge drying plants were constructed in pilot scale for experimental purposes. Dry solids and climatic conditions were constantly measured. Faecal coliform reduction was also monitored. The specially designed covered solar drying plant proved to be more efficient than the open plant in terms of drying and faecal coliform reduction. It was found that, if the limited liming and solar drying method was applied after mechanical dewatering instead of only-liming method, the total amount of the sludge to be disposed would be reduced by approximately 40%. This would lead to a reduction in the transportation, handling, and land filling costs. The covered drying system would amortize itself in 4 years. (author)

  2. Operational experience at the Sludge Treatment Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sy, D.J.

    1987-01-01

    The Sludge Treatment Facility (STF) at the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant has been in operation since April 1987. The facility was designed to encapsulate hazardous sludge wastes in a cement matrix. Fixation will allow the waste to meet or exceed applicable compressive strength and leachability requirements. Thus, the grout mixture complies with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) guidelines as a nonhazardous waste. The grout mixture is based upon a recipe formulation developed after several years of waste stream characterization and formulation studies. The wastes to be treated at the STF are wastes impounded in two ponds. The ponds have a combined capacity of 4.5 million gallons of sludge. The sludge is transferred from the ponds to a 15,000-gallon capacity storage tank by the use of a dredge. The grout mixture recipe dictates the amount of sludge, cement, fly ash, and admixture required for weighing per batch. All ingredients are weighed and then transferred to a tilt or high energy mixer for mixing. The grout mixture is then transferred to 89- or 96-gallon steel drums. The drums are placed in a storage yard designed for a point source discharge from the yard

  3. PENGARUH PRODUKTIVITAS TENAGA KERJA WANITA TERHADAP MUTU PRODUK MAKANAN INDUSTRI KECIL MENENGAH DI KOTA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nur Fadlilah

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Industri makanan merupakan salah satu industri unggulan bagi sektor Industri Kecil Menengah (IKM di Kota Bogor. Berdasarkan pengamatan secara kualitatif yang dilakukan, banyak tenaga kerja wanita yang bekerja dibidang industri makanan. Perumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah seberapa tinggi pengaruh produktifitas tenaga kerja wanita terhadap mutu produk makanan IKM.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara produktifitas kerja wanita dengan mutu produk yang dihasilkan. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan mereduksi jumlah industri IKM potensial yang akan dijadikan obyek penelitian dengan kriteria tertentu, dengan menggunakan pendekatan Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Pengukuran produktifitas dilakukan berdasarkan pendekatan Rasio Output/Input. Penentuan hubungan pengaruh produktifitas tenaga kerja wanita dengan mutu produk makanan IKM adalah berdasarkan pendekatan koefisien korelasi. Hasil penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa IKM produk makanan yang berpotensi di Kota Bogor adalah IKM produsen nata de coco, dimana dengan pendekatan AHP diperoleh bobot tertinggi dibandingkan dengan 28 IKM produk makanan lainnya, yaitu sebesar 0,096. Berdasarkan 4 IKM produsen nata de coco, dapat diambil kesimpulan secara umum, bahwa pada IKM nata de coco di Kota Bogor tidak terdapat pengaruh antara produktivitas tenaga kerja wanita dengan mutu produk. Kata kunci: IKM, Produktifitas, AHP, Analisa Korelasi     Food Industri is one of a potensial small medium interprise in Bogor. Based on qualitative observation, more women working at food industries. The problem in this research is How much the relationship between women worker with SME’s food product quality. The goal of this research is to find out the correlation between women worker’s productivity with product quality. This problem will be solve by reduce many potensial SME with some criteria use AHP. Productivity meseaure with Output/Input ratio. Correlation analysis used to know about

  4. Evaluasi Performansi Jaringan UMTS di Kota Semarang menggunakan Metode Drive Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HASANAH PUTRI

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Saat ini penggunaan telepon seluler tidak hanya untuk komunikasi suara, melainkan juga untuk komunikasi data. Kota Semarang merupakan salah satu kota besar dengan jumlah pengguna telepon seluler yang banyak. Kondisi ini membutuhkan dukungan kualitas jaringan yang optimal dan kecepatan akses yang tinggi.  Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pengujian kualitas sinyal jaringan UMTS di kota tersebut. Pengukuran dilakukan dengan metode drive test menggunakan software TEMS dan Map info dalam pengolahan datanya. Ada beberapa parameter pengamatan dalam kegiatan pengukuran kualitas jaringan UMTS ini diantaranya RSCP (Receive Signal Code Power, Ec/No, Throughput dan KPI (Key Performance indicator. Setelah dilakukan pengukuran dan analisis perlu dilakukan proses simulasi optimasi yang dilakukan menggunakan software Atoll 3.2.1. Dari hasil pengukuran diperoleh nilai parameter RSCP, Ec/No, dan Throughput berturut-turut sebesar 68,45%, 91%, dan 52.2%. Setelah dilakukan simulasi optimasi terjadi peningkatan nilai parameter RSCP dan Ec/Noberturut-turut sebesar 97.28% dan 99.74%. Kata kunci: UMTS, Drive Test, Map Info, Atoll, KPI. ABSTRACT Today the use of mobile phone is not only for voice communication but also for data communications (mobile Internet. There are a lot of mobile phone users in Semarang, so that it requires the support of a good network quality and high-speed access. In this research, it will test and measure the signal quality UMTS network. The measurement is done with drive test method by using TEMS and Map Info software. There are several parameters of observation in quality measurement of UMTS network. They are RSCP (Received Signal Code Power, Ec/No , Throughput and KPI (Key Performance Indicator. After measurement and analysis it is needed to simulate the optimization recommendations process by using Atoll 3.2.1. to the observation’s parameters. From the measurement results obtained parameter values RSCP, Ec/No , and Throughput

  5. Evaluasi Performansi Jaringan UMTS di Kota Semarang menggunakan Metode Drive Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HASANAH PUTRI

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSaat ini penggunaan telepon seluler tidak hanya untuk komunikasi suara, melainkan juga untuk komunikasi data. Kota Semarang merupakan salah satu kota besar dengan jumlah pengguna telepon seluler yang banyak. Kondisi ini membutuhkan dukungan kualitas jaringan yang optimal dan kecepatan akses yang tinggi.  Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pengujian kualitas sinyal jaringan UMTS di kota tersebut. Pengukuran dilakukan dengan metode drive test menggunakan software TEMS dan Map info dalam pengolahan datanya. Ada beberapa parameter pengamatan dalam kegiatan pengukuran kualitas jaringan UMTS ini diantaranya RSCP (Receive Signal Code Power, Ec/No , Throughput dan KPI (Key Performance indicator. Setelah dilakukan pengukuran dan analisis perlu dilakukan proses simulasi optimasi yang dilakukan menggunakan software Atoll 3.2.1. Dari hasil pengukuran diperoleh nilai parameter RSCP, Ec/No , dan Throughput berturut-turut sebesar 68,45%, 91%, dan 52.2%. Setelah dilakukan simulasi optimasi terjadi peningkatan nilai parameter RSCP dan Ec/No berturut-turut sebesar 97.28% dan 99.74%.Kata kunci: UMTS, Drive Test, Map Info, Atoll, KPI.ABSTRACTToday the use of mobile phone is not only for voice communication but also for data communications (mobile Internet. There are a lot of mobile phone users in Semarang, so that it requires the support of a good network quality and high-speed access. In this research, it will test and measure the signal quality UMTS network. The measurement is done with drive test method by using TEMS and Map Info software. There are several parameters of observation in quality measurement of UMTS network. They are RSCP (Received Signal Code Power, Ec/No , Throughput and KPI (Key Performance Indicator. After measurement and analysis it is needed to simulate the optimization recommendations process by using Atoll 3.2.1. to the observation’s parameters. From the measurement results obtained parameter values RSCP, Ec/No , and Throughput

  6. Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Matematis Siswa SMA kota Sorong terhadap Butir Soal dengan Graded Response Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Syahrul Kahar

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to know the level of mathematical thinking ability of students by using scored model Graded Response Model (GRM. The subject here is the students of Class XI IPA 1 SMA Negeri 3 Sorong the 2016/2017 academic year, which amounted to 38 students with 22 students are male and 16 female students. This research is a descriptive research experiment. The results of this study indicate that the scored model GRM is effective in analyzing the ability of mathematical thinking of students. The effectiveness is shown an increase in student learning outcomes grade XI IPA 1 SMA Negeri 3 Kota Sorong, where the average grade results visible increase of 56.7 until 78, and the value of the completeness students improved significantly, and student learning outcomes were shown in graded contents relevance criteria students with score 4 there are 18 students (47.37%, while the relevance of the contents with a score of 1 there are 4 students (10.53%. From the criteria of completeness students who achieve complete answers by a score of 4, there are 1 students (2.64%, and the answers are far from finished with a score of 1 there were 7 students (19.52%. Then to organizing criteria, students are working on a very systematic, there are 8 students (21.05%, and organizing with not systematically there are 10 students (26.32%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kemampuan berpikir matematis siswa dengan menggunakan model penyekoran Graded Response Model (GRM. Subjek penelitian disini adalah siswa kelas XI IPA 1 SMA Negeri 3 Kota Sorong tahun ajaran 2016/2017, yang berjumlah 38 siswa dengan 22 siswa laki-laki dan 16 siswa perempuan. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen yang bersifat Deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa model penyekoran GRM ini efektif dalam menganalisis kemampuan berpikir matematis siswa. Keefektifan tersebut terlihat adanya peningkatan hasil belajar siswa kelas XI IPA 1 SMA Negeri 3 Kota Sorong, dimana

  7. Fate of return activated sludge after ozonation: an optimization study for sludge disintegration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Ozlem; Filibeli, Ayse

    2012-09-01

    The effects of ozonation on sludge disintegration should be investigated before the application of ozone during biological treatment, in order to minimize excess sludge production. In this study, changes in sludge and supernatant after ozonation of return activated sludge were investigated for seven different ozone doses. The optimum ozone dose to avoid inhibition of ozonation and high ozone cost was determined in terms of disintegration degree as 0.05 g O3/gTS. Suspended solid and volatile suspended solid concentrations of sludge decreased by 77.8% and 71.6%, respectively, at the optimum ozone dose. Ozonation significantly decomposed sludge flocs. The release of cell contents was proved by the increase of supernatant total nitrogen (TN) and phosphorus (TP). While TN increased from 7 mg/L to 151 mg/L, TP increased from 8.8 to 33 mg/L at the optimum ozone dose. The dewaterability and filterability characteristics of the ozonated sludge were also examined. Capillary suction time increased with increasing ozone dosage, but specific resistance to filtration increased to a specific value and then decreased dramatically. The particle size distribution changed significantly as a result of floc disruption at an optimum dose of 0.05 gO3/gTS.

  8. Properties of bacterial radioresistance observed in sewage sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, H; Ito, H; Takehisa, M [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma. Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment; Iizuka, H

    1981-09-01

    The changes in radiosensitivities of bacteria in sludge were investigated. The coliforms are more radioresistant in raw sludge than in cake (dewatered sludge). This radioresistance of coliforms was observed not only in raw sludge but also in the cake diluted with water. The radioresistance was independent of the difference of treatment plant, kind of sludge, and season. The oxygen effect on the radioresistance was not observed, but the resistance was changed during storage of sludge. Escherichia coli isolated from sludge was radiosensitive in buffer, but its radiosensitivity was protected by the water-extracts of sludge. On the other hand, radioresistant bacteria were present in total bacteria of sludge irradiated at 2 Mrad. However, the dominant flora in the irradiated sludge consisted of radiosensitive bacteria (mainly Pseudomonas). When a strain of radiosensitive Pseudomonas was irradiated in raw sludge and diluted cake, the radiosensitivity was remarkably protected. From these results, it is suggested that a factor affecting the radiosensitivity of bacteria is present in sludge.

  9. Effects of ultrasonic disintegration on sludge microbial activity and dewaterability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Huan; Jin Yiying; Mahar, Rasool Bux; Wang Zhiyu; Nie Yongfeng

    2009-01-01

    Ultrasonic treatment can disintegrate sludge, enhance microbial activity and improve sludge dewaterability at different energy inputs. To find their relationship, the three phenomena during ultrasonic treatment were investigated synchronously, and an experimental model was established to describe the process of ultrasonic sludge disintegration. Analysis results showed that the changes of sludge microbial activity and dewaterability were dependent on sludge disintegration degree during ultrasonic treatment. When sludge disintegration degree was lower than 20%, sludge flocs were disintegrated into micro-floc aggregates and the microbial activity increased over 20%. When sludge disintegration degree was over 40%, most cells were destroyed at different degree, and sludge activity decreased drastically. Only when sludge disintegration degree was 2-5%, sludge dewaterability was improved with the conditioning of FeCl 3 . It was also found that the sonication with low density and long duration was more efficient than sonication with high density and short duration at the same energy input for sludge disintegration, and a transmutative power function model can be used to describe the process of ultrasonic disintegration

  10. Effects of ultrasonic disintegration on sludge microbial activity and dewaterability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huan, Li; Yiying, Jin; Mahar, Rasool Bux; Zhiyu, Wang; Yongfeng, Nie

    2009-01-30

    Ultrasonic treatment can disintegrate sludge, enhance microbial activity and improve sludge dewaterability at different energy inputs. To find their relationship, the three phenomena during ultrasonic treatment were investigated synchronously, and an experimental model was established to describe the process of ultrasonic sludge disintegration. Analysis results showed that the changes of sludge microbial activity and dewaterability were dependent on sludge disintegration degree during ultrasonic treatment. When sludge disintegration degree was lower than 20%, sludge flocs were disintegrated into micro-floc aggregates and the microbial activity increased over 20%. When sludge disintegration degree was over 40%, most cells were destroyed at different degree, and sludge activity decreased drastically. Only when sludge disintegration degree was 2-5%, sludge dewaterability was improved with the conditioning of FeCl(3). It was also found that the sonication with low density and long duration was more efficient than sonication with high density and short duration at the same energy input for sludge disintegration, and a transmutative power function model can be used to describe the process of ultrasonic disintegration.

  11. Keynote address: Federal overview of municipal sludge management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hathaway, W.B.

    1979-01-01

    The proper disposal of sewage sludge is becoming an increasing problem on solid waste management systems throughout the country. Currently 18,000 municipal wastewater treatment plants are generating about 5 million tons of sludge a year. This is expected to double in the next 8 to 10 years. The environmental aspects of sludge disposal are discussed

  12. Properties of bacterial radioresistance observed in sewage sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Hiroshi; Ito, Hitoshi; Takehisa, Masaaki; Iizuka, Hiroshi.

    1981-01-01

    The changes in radiosensitivities of bacteria in sludge were investigated. The coliforms are more radioresistant in raw sludge than in cake (dewatered sludge). This radioresistance of coliforms was observed not only in raw sludge but also in the cake diluted with water. The radioresistance was independent of the difference of treatment plant, kind of sludge, and season. The oxygen effect on the radioresistance was not observed, but the resistance was changed during storage of sludge. Escherichia coli isolated from sludge was radiosensitive in buffer, but its radiosensitivity was protected by the water-extracts of sludge. On the other hand, radioresistant bacteria were present in total bacteria of sludge irradiated at 2 Mrad. However, the dominant flora in the irradiated sludge consisted of radiosensitive bacteria (mainly Pseudomonas). When a strain of radiosensitive Pseudomonas was irradiated in raw sludge and diluted cake, the radiosensitivity was remarkably protected. From these results, it is suggested that a factor affecting the radiosensitivity of bacteria is present in sludge. (author)

  13. Photovoltaic's silica-rich waste sludge as supplementary cementitious material

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quercia, G.; Van der Putten, J.J.G.; Brouwers, H.J.H.

    2013-01-01

    Waste sludge, a solid recovered from wastewater of photovoltaic-industries, composes of agglomerates of nano-particles like SiO2 and CaCO3. This sludge deflocculates in aqueous solutions into nano-particles smaller than 1000 nm. Thus, this sludge is potentially hazardous waste when is improperly

  14. Processed wastewater sludge for improvement of mechanical properties of concretes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrera-Diaz, Carlos, E-mail: cbd0044@yahoo.com [Centro Conjunto de Investigacion en Quimica Sustentable, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico - Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UAEM-UNAM), Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco, km 14.5, Unidad El Rosedal, C.P. 50200, Toluca, Edo. de Mexico (Mexico); Martinez-Barrera, Gonzalo [Laboratorio de Investigacion y Desarrollo de Materiales Avanzados (LIDMA), Facultad de Quimica, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco, Km.12, San Cayetano C.P. 50200, Toluca, Edo. de Mexico (Mexico); Gencel, Osman [Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Bartin University, 74100 Bartin (Turkey); Bernal-Martinez, Lina A. [Centro Conjunto de Investigacion en Quimica Sustentable, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico - Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UAEM-UNAM), Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco, km 14.5, Unidad El Rosedal, C.P. 50200, Toluca, Edo. de Mexico (Mexico); Brostow, Witold [Laboratory of Advanced Polymers and Optimized Materials (LAPOM), Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Center for Advanced Research and Technology (CART), University of North Texas, 1150 Union Circle 305310, Denton, TX 76203-5017 (United States)

    2011-08-15

    Highlights: {yields} Electrochemical methods produce less amount of residual sludge as compared with chemical procedures. {yields} Wastewater sludge contains a large amount of water. {yields} The residual sludge is used to prepare cylinder specimen concrete. {yields} There are improvements in the elastic modulus of the concrete when is prepared with residual sludge. - Abstract: Two problems are addressed simultaneously. One is the utilisation of sludge from the treatment of wastewater. The other is the modification of the mechanical properties of concrete. The sludge was subjected to two series of treatments. In one series, coagulants were used, including ferrous sulphate, aluminium sulphate or aluminium polyhydroxychloride. In the other series, an electrochemical treatment was applied with several starting values of pH. Then, concretes consisting of a cement matrix, silica sand, marble and one of the sludges were developed. Specimens without sludge were prepared for comparison. Curing times and aggregate concentrations were varied. The compressive strength, compressive strain at yield point, and static and dynamic elastic moduli were determined. Diagrams of the compressive strength and compressive strain at the yield point as a function of time passed through the minima as a function of time for concretes containing sludge; therefore, the presence of sludge has beneficial effects on the long term properties. Some morphological changes caused by the presence of sludge are seen in scanning electron microscopy. A way of utilising sludge is thus provided together with a way to improve the compressive strain at yield point of concrete.

  15. Examination of sludge from the Hanford K Basins fuel canisters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Makenas, B.J.

    1998-01-01

    Samples of sludges with a high uranium content have been retrieved from the fuel canisters in the Hanford K West and K East basins. The composition of these samples contrasts markedly with the previously reported content of sludge samples taken from the K East basin floor. Chemical composition, chemical reactivity, and particle size of sludge are summarized in this paper

  16. Biological sulphate reduction with primary sewage sludge in an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The success of the UASB reactor depends largely on the settling properties and stability of the sludge bed which comprises the anaerobic active biomass. The solid-liquid separation behaviour of the sludge bed in 2 UASB reactors (R1 at 35oC and R2 at 20oC) fed with primary sewage sludge and sulphate was investigated ...

  17. Modeling of Seepage Losses in Sewage Sludge Drying Bed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This research was carried out to develop a model governing seepage losses in sewage sludge drying bed. The model will assist in the design of sludge drying beds for effective management of wastes derived from households' septic systems. In the experiment conducted this study, 125kg of sewage sludge, 90.7% moisture ...

  18. Physical and biochemical changes in sludge upon Tubifex tubifex predation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Valk, S.L.; Khadem, A.F.; Foreman, Christine M.; van Lier, J.B.; de Kreuk, M.K.

    2016-01-01

    Worm predation (WP) on activated sludge leads to increased sludge degradation rates, irrespective of the type of worm used or reactor conditions employed. However, the cause of the increased sludge degradation rates remains unknown. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the physical and

  19. Technology for improving sludge concentration; Odei noshukusei kaizen gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-10

    Sludge generating in a sewage treatment plant is disposed through the processes such as concentration, dehydration, and incineration in sludge disposal facilities. In recent years, there has been a trend that this sludge increases in volume as well as worsens in the concentration. A case is predictable where the sludge load to the dehydrating process is so large that the sludge can no longer be processed in sufficient quantity. In the meantime, if sludge is ozone-treated, viscous substance on the surface of sludge particles can be separated with a comparatively small amount of ozone, with sludge concentration enhanced. At Meidensha, an experimental plant was set up for the ozone treatment of sludge in a sludge intensive treatment plant of a metropolis, with a verification experiment carried out for a sludge concentration improving system by ozone. As a result of comparison of the treatment performance between an assessment system for performing ozone treatment and a reference system for not performing, the average value of the sludge concentration of a gravity concentration tank was 1.9% of the reference system against 1.7% of the assessment system in a continuous treatment experiment in the summer, while the solid collection ratio was 65.8% of the reference system against 95.5% of the assessment system, enabling a superior improving effect to be obtained. (NEDO)

  20. A new reactor concept for sludge reduction using aquatic worms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elissen, H.J.H.; Hendrickx, T.L.G.; Temmink, B.G.; Buisman, C.J.N.

    2006-01-01

    Biological waste water treatment results in the production of waste sludge. The final treatment option in The Netherlands for this waste sludge is usually incineration. A biological approach to reduce the amount of waste sludge is through predation by aquatic worms. In this paper we test the

  1. Submersible microbial fuel cell for electricity production from sewage sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Yifeng; Olias, Lola Gonzalez; Kongjan, Prawit

    2010-01-01

    A submersible microbial fuel cell (SMFC) was utilized to treatment of sewage sludge and simultaneous generate electricity. Stable power generation (145±5 mW/m2) was produced continuously from raw sewage sludge for 5.5 days. The corresponding total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD) removal efficiency...... of an effective system to treatment of sewage sludge and simultaneous recover energy....

  2. Rheology of Savannah River Site Tank 51 HLW radioactive sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ha, B.C.

    1993-01-01

    Savannah River Site (SRS) Tank 51 HLW radioactive sludge represents a major portion of the first batch of sludge to be vitrified in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at SRS. The rheological properties of Tank 51 sludge will determine if the waste sludge can be pumped by the current DWPF process cell pump design and the homogeneity of melter feed slurries. The rheological properties of Tank 51 sludge and sludge/frit slurries at various solids concentrations were measured remotely in the Shielded Cells Operations (SCO) at the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) using a modified Haake Rotovisco viscometer system. Rheological properties of Tank 51 radioactive sludge/Frit 202 slurries increased drastically when the solids content was above 41 wt %. The yield stresses of Tank 51 sludge and sludge/frit slurries fall within the limits of the DWPF equipment design basis. The apparent viscosities also fall within the DWPF design basis for sludge consistency. All the results indicate that Tank 51 waste sludge and sludge/frit slurries are pumpable throughout the DWPF processes based on the current process cell pump design, and should produce homogeneous melter feed slurries

  3. The hydraulic transportation of thickened sludges | Slatter | Water SA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Industries which pump sludges are under continuous pressure to decrease water content, and increase concentration. Environmentally superior disposal techniques are demanding that such sludges have high mechanical strength properties. This results in a sludge with an increasing viscous character. At high ...

  4. Optimization of up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aghomotsegin

    2013-06-05

    Jun 5, 2013 ... sludge instead of imported commercial anaerobic granulated sludge. Over the ... biogas, granulated anaerobic sludge, industrial wastewater. ... production of methane by methanogenic bacteria. Compared with other treatment processes, USAB ... effluent collector; 8, gas outlet; 9, gas collector; 10, side-arm ...

  5. Efficiency of a pilot-scale integrated sludge thickening and digestion reactor in treating low-organic excess sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Qiang; Li, Jiang; Liu, Hongxia; Tang, Chuandong; de Koning, Jaap; Spanjers, Henri

    2012-06-01

    The sludge production from medium- and small-scale wastewater treatment plants in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region is low and non-stable; especially, the organic content in this sludge is low (near 40% of VS/TS). An integrated thickening and digestion (ISTD) reactor was developed to treat this low-organic excess sludge. After a flow test and start-up experiment of the reactor, a running experiment was used to investigate the excess sludge treatment efficiency under five different excess sludge inflows: 200, 300, 400, 500 and 400 L/d (a mixture of excess sludge and primary sludge in a volume ratio of 9:1). This trial was carried out in the wastewater treatment plant in Chongqing, which covers 80% of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, under the following conditions: (1) sludge was heated to 38-40 degrees C using an electrical heater to maintain anaerobic mesophilic digestion; (2) the biogas produced was recirculated to mix raw sludge with anaerobic sludge in the reactor under the flow rate of 12.5 L/min. There were three main results. Firstly, the flow pattern of the inner reactor was almost completely mixed under the air flow of 12.0 L/min using clear water. Secondly, under all the different sludge inflows, the water content in the outlet sludge was below 93%. Thirdly, the organic content in the outlet sludge was decreased from 37% to 30% and from 24% to 20%, whose removal ratio was in relation to the organic content of the inlet sludge. The excess sludge treatment capacity of the ISTD reactor was according to the organic content in the excess sludge.

  6. PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT OLEH NEGARA DAN SWASTA Studi Efektifitas dan Efisiensi Pengelolaan Zakat Oleh BAZ Dan LAZ Kota Madiun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atik Abidah

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstraks: Keberadaan lembaga zakat di Indonesia yang diakui oleh perundang-undangan ada dua, yaitu Badan Amil Zakat (BAZ dan Lembaga Amil Zakat (LAZ. BAZ adalah lembaga zakat yang dikelola oleh pemerintah, sedangkan LAZ adalah lembaga yang dikelola oleh masyarakat. Artikel ini merupakan merupakan hasil penelitian lapangan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Data digali langsung dari BAZ Kota Madiun dan LAZ dalam hal ini ada 2 lembaga, yaitu Lembaga Manajemen Infaq (LMI dan Baitul Maal Hidayatullah (BMH. Hasil penelitian BAZ lebih efektif dibanding LAZ, karena BAZ di bawah naungan Pemerintah Kota Madiun dan didukung dengan kebijakan dalam menjalankan progam kerjanya. Sedangkan pada LAZ (LMI dan BMH karena sifatnya mandiri, maka segala sesuatunya akan efektif jika mereka bekerja keras, dan itulah yang selama ini dilakukan oleh LMI dan BMH, sehingga sampai saat ini mereka masih eksis.

  7. Electron beam treatment of wastewaters and sludges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Osborn, D.W.

    1980-01-01

    Various procedures for decreasing the health risks associated with the disposal of sewage sludges are discussed including land storage, thermophilic digestion, autothermal aerobic digestion, the Porteus Process, the Zimpro Process, incineration, pyrolysis, thermal pasteurisation, composting, lime utilisation, flash drying and radiation techniques. A fully automated sludge irradiation facility at Geiselbullach near Munich and an electron accelerator experimental plant near Boston are described. Advantages and disadvantages are given for both processes. Costs of electron radiation treatment of sewage sludges (a slurry containing 5 per cent solids) for a city the size of Johannesburg is estimated to be in the order of R900 000 per year at a dose rate of 4 000 Gy, which would produce a product of reasonable hygienic quality but not necessarily meet the criteria laid down by local authority medical officers at all times. In order to reduce costs it would be necessary to have a readily available market to dispose of disinfected material

  8. Electron beam treatment of wastewaters and sludges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborn, D W [City Health Dept., Johannesburg (South Africa)

    1980-12-01

    Various procedures for decreasing the health risks associated with the disposal of sewage sludges are discussed including land storage, thermophilic digestion, autothermal aerobic digestion, the Porteus Process, the Zimpro Process, incineration, pyrolysis, thermal pasteurisation, composting, lime utilisation, flash drying and radiation techniques. A fully automated sludge irradiation facility at Geiselbullach near Munich and an electron accelerator experimental plant near Boston are described. Advantages and disadvantages are given for both processes. Costs of electron radiation treatment of sewage sludges (a slurry containing 5 per cent solids) for a city the size of Johannesburg is estimated to be in the order of R900,000 per year at a dose rate of 4,000 Gy, which would produce a product of reasonable hygienic quality but not necessarily meet the criteria laid down by local authority medical officers at all times. In order to reduce costs it would be necessary to have a readily available market to dispose of disinfected material.

  9. Utilization of irradiated sludge for fish feed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harsojo; Syamsu, Suwirma; Subagyo, Lydia Andini

    1994-01-01

    An experiment was conducted to study the use of irradiated sludge pellet for fish feed, namely pellet A consisting of irradiated sludge and shrimp waste (1:3); pellet B consisting of irradiated sludge and commercial pellet (1:2). Pellet C, which is a commercial fish feed, was used as control. Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) was used in this experiment. The feed pellet with a dose of 5% of total body weight was given 3 times per day. The results of the experiments showed that based on food conversion for the relative growth of the catfishes, and heavy metal content, pellet A was the best. No contamination of Salmonella or Shigella bacteria was detected in each pellet. (author). 8 refs, 3 tabs, 1 fig

  10. Determining organic pollutants in automotive industry sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munaretto, Juliana S; Wonghon, Audrey L; von Mühlen, Carin

    2012-12-01

    In Brazil, the policy for disposing industrial sludge is changing from an emphasis on using controlled landfills to other treatment or co-processing methods; however, the monitoring of organic pollutants is not mandatory. The present study evaluated two general screening methods for organic pollutants in sludge generated in an automotive industrial complex in southern Brazil. The screening was performed using Soxhlet and sonication extractions and Gas Chromatograph coupled with Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (GC/qMS). It was concluded that both techniques were effective and that most of the compounds identified were alkanes, phenols and esters. Important pollutants were detected in the sludge, which confirms the necessity of monitoring this type of residue.

  11. Sanitizing effects of sewage sludge irradiation treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao Yongfu

    2005-01-01

    A large quantity of pathogenic organisms were found in sewage sludge. An investigation was carried out on the relationship in the chain of sludge-soil-vegetable between the survival of pathogenic organisms and the irradiation dosage. After irradiation with 5-6 kGy, coliform group reduced 3 log cycles, and ascarid ova were completely eliminated with a dose of 1 kGy, making the water matched the standard quality of irrigating water. In the soil applied with irradiated sewage sludge, the total bacteria and coliforms group count reduced to one tenth, and alive ascarid ova was not detected. The coliform group on the Chinese cabbage was extremely low and reached the standard of fresh eating. (authors)

  12. Tank 5 Model for Sludge Removal Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LEE, SI

    2004-01-01

    Computational fluid dynamics methods have been used to develop and provide slurry pump operational guidance for sludge heel removal in Tank 5. Flow patterns calculated by the model were used to evaluate the performance of various combinations of operating pumps and their orientation under steady-state indexed and transient oscillation modes. A model used for previous analyses has been updated to add the valve housing distribution piping and pipe clusters of the cooling coil supply system near pump no. 8 to the previous tank Type-I model. In addition, the updated model included twelve concrete support columns. This model would provide a more accurate assessment of sludge removal capabilities. The model focused on removal of the sludge heel located near the wall of Tank 5 using the two new slurry pumps. The models and calculations were based on prototypic tank geometry and expected normal operating conditions as defined by Tank Closure Project Engineering. Computational fluid dynamics models of Tank 5 with different operating conditions were developed using the FLUENT (trademark) code. The modeling results were used to assess the efficiency of sludge suspension and removal operations in the 75-ft tank. The models employed a three-dimensional approach, a two-equation turbulence model, and an approximate representation of flow obstructions. The calculated local velocity was used as a measure of sludge removal and mixing capability. For the simulations, modeling calculations were performed with indexed pump orientations until an optimum flow pattern near the potential location of the sludge heel was established for sludge removal. The calculated results demonstrated that the existing slurry pumps running at 3801 gpm flowrate per nozzle could remove the sludge from the tank with a 101 in liquid level, based on a historical minimum sludge suspension velocity of 2.27 ft/sec. The only exception is the region within maximum 4.5 ft distance from the tank wall boundary at the

  13. Development of a test method to access the sludge reduction potential of aquatic organisms in activated sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijs, B.R.; Klapwijk, A.; Elissen, H.J.H.; Rulkens, W.H.

    2008-01-01

    This article shows the development of a quantitative sludge reduction test method, which uses the sludge consuming aquatic worm Lumbriculus variegatus (Oligochaeta, Lumbriculidae). Essential for the test are sufficient oxygen supply and the presence of a non-stirred layer of sludge for burrowing of

  14. The chemical and mechanical differences between alginate-like exopolysaccharides isolated from aerobic flocculent sludge and aerobic granular sludge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin, Y. M.; Sharma, P. K.; van Loosdrecht, M. C. M.

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate differences in the gel matrix of aerobic granular sludge and normal aerobic flocculent sludge. From both types of sludge that fed with the same municipal sewage, the functional gel-forming exopolysaccharides, alginate-like exopolysaccharides, were isolated. These two

  15. Identitas Sosial Etnik Tionghoa Golongan Pernakan di Kota Medan (Studi Kasus Autobiografi KeluargaLiem Ki Lio)

    OpenAIRE

    Fahmi, Asrul

    2016-01-01

    “Orang Cina” begitu masyarakat menyebutnya, atau yang lebih identik dengan etnik Tionghoa Etnik ini merupakan salah satu etnik yang dianggap “pendatang” terbesar. Dengan beragam penggolongan dan permasalahan yang terdapat didalamnya. Penggolongan tersebut antara lain terdiri atas “Totok” dan “Peranakan”. Penelitian ini mengkaji tentang Indentitas etnik Tionghoa Golongan Peranakan di Kota Medan. Penulis tertarik melakukan penelitian mengenai identitas etnik Tionghoa golongan peranakan di k...

  16. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Pada Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM di Kota Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Syuhada

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja dan faktor yang paling dominan dalam mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja pada usaha mikro dan kecil menengah (UMKM di Kota Jambi. Metode analisis data adalah model regresi linier berganda (OLS, dengan menggunakan data sekunder time series dari tahun 1993-2010 yang bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS dan Kota Jambi Bank Indonesia. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa upah riil memiliki efek negatif yang signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja dan pembentukan modal tetap bruto dan memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja pada usaha mikro di kota Jambi. Tingkat bunga riil memiliki efek signifikan negatif dan upah regional riil memiliki pengaruh positif yang signifikan. Variabel upah riil lebih dominan dalam mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja pada UMKM di kota Jambi.. Kata kunci : Upah riil, Tingkat bunga riil, Pembentukan Modal Tetap Bruto,.     Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect employment and the most dominant factor in influencing the labor absorption in the small micro and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi. Methods of data analysis used in this research is the model of multiple linear regression (OLS, by using data from the years 1993-2010 time series derived from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS and Bank Indonesia Jambi. The results of data analysis showed that real wages and a significant negative effect on employment in micro and gross fixed capital formation has positive and significant impact on employment in micro businesses in the town of Jambi. The real interest rate significant negatif and the regional real wages in small and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi has positive and significant. Variable the real wage is more dominant in affecting employment in micro, small and medium enterprises in the town of Jambi. Keywords: real wages, real interest rates, and

  17. Implementasi Kebijakan Pendidikan Menengah Universal (Pmu) Di Kota Semarang (Kajian Permendikbud No 80 Tahun 2013 Tentang Pmu)

    OpenAIRE

    Siolito, Olivia; Suryaningsih, Margareta; Suwitri, Sri; Subowo, Ari

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat kesiapan pelaksanaan Pendidikan Menengah Universal (PMU) di Kota Semarang serta menemukan faktor-faktor yang dapat menghambat dan mendukung pelaksanaan Pendidikan Menengah Universal. Esensi program PMU adalah merupakan kebijakan keberlanjutan dari wajar 9 tahun menjadi 12 tahun dan merupakan upaya strategis dalam konsep pemerataan dan peningkatan mutu pendidikan. Implementasi kebijakan PMU yang berlandaskan pada Permendikbud No 80 Tahun 2013 melihat kete...

  18. Analisis Pengaruh Kebutuhan Aktualisasi Diri, Kebutuhan Penghargaan, dan Kebutuhan Sosial Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Pegawai Badan Penanaman Modal Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Nadar, Muhammad Sultan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of some part of motivational factor needs which is self-actualization needs, reward needs, and social needs, separately and simultaneously toward employees’ performance in Badan Penanaman Modal Kota Medan (Medan Investment Board). This research explores the relevance of the theory on self-actualization needs, reward needs, and social needs, human resource management and employee’s performance on its application toward achieving results ...

  19. Perancangan Social Media Marketing bagi Dinas Perdagangan dan Perindustrian dalam Mempromosikan Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Kota Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ade Himawan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM merupakan salah satu elemen penting dalam perekonomian suatu negara. keberhasilan UMKM memiliki dampak langsung terhadap pembangunan ekonomi baik pada negara maju maupun negara berkembang, tidak terkecuali Indonesia. Dari tahun 2009 sampai tahun 2012, jumlah UMKM di Indonesia terus meningkat hingga mencapai angka 56,6 juta. Hal tersebut menjadikan UMKM sebagai penopang perekonomian nasional. Peningkatan jumlah UMKM juga terjadi di Kota Surabaya. Peningkatan jumlah UMKM di Surabaya membuat persaingan menjadi semakin kompetitif, sehingga UMKM harus memiliki strategi marketing yang baik agar bisa bersaing. Salah satu strategi marketing yang bisa digunakan oleh UMKM di Surabaya adalah dengan memanfaatkan social media sebagai alat pemasaran. Namun, masih sedikit UMKM di Kota Surabaya terutama UMKM binaan pemerintah yang menggunakan social media untuk memsarkan dan mempromosikan produk mereka. Dinas Perdagangan dan Perindustrian (Disperdagin Kota Surabaya selaku biro pemerintah yang menaungi UMKM di Surabaya kemudian berinisiatif untuk membantu UMKM binaan dengan melakukan promosi menggunakan social media yang akan dikelola oleh Disperdagin. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk Mengidentifikasi dan mengevaluasi social media yang tepat bagi Disperdagin Kota Surabaya, Kemudian membuat rancangan implementasi social media marketing bagi Disperdagin untuk branding UMKM, dan yang terakhir merancang panduan operasional social media marketing yang efektif bagi Disperdagin untuk branding UMKM binaan. Metode yang digunakan mengadopsi model House of Quality (HOQ. Hasil dari penelitian ini yakni ada tiga social media yang sesuai untuk digunakan oleh Disperdagin yaitu Facebook, Twitter dan Instagram. Selain itu, dari hasil analisis juga didapati 15 poin rencana aksi social media marketing yang bisa dijadikan landasan dalam pembuatan dan pengelolaan akun social media oleh Disperdagin.

  20. Design characteristics of the Sludge Mobilization System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McMahon, C.L.

    1990-01-01

    Radioactive waste stored in underground tanks at the West Valley Demonstration Project is being processed into low-level waste and solidified in cement. High-level waste also stored underground will be vitrified and solidified into canistered glass logs. To move the waste from where it resides at the Waste Tank Farm to the Vitrification Facility requires equipment to prepare the storage tanks for low-level and high-level waste processing, equipment to mobilize and mix the radioactive sludge into a homogeneous slurry, and equipment to transfer the slurry for vitrification. The design of the Sludge Mobilization System has incorporated the necessary components to effect the preparation and transfer of waste in five operational phases. The first phase of the Sludge Mobilization System, which began in 1987, prepared the waste tanks to process radioactive liquid for delivery to the Cement Solidification System and to support the mobilization equipment. The second phase, beginning in 1991, will wash the sludge that remains after the liquid supernatant is decanted to prepare it for mobilization operations. The third phase will combine the contents of various waste tanks into one tank. The fourth phase will resuspend and mix the contents of the high-level waste tank. The fifth and final phase of the Sludge Mobilization System will entail transferring the waste mixture to the Vitrification Facility for processing into glass logs. Provisions for recycling the waste streams or slurries within the tank farm or for returning process streams to the Waste Tank Farm from the Vitrification Facility are also included in the final phase. This document addresses the Sludge Mobilization System equipment design characteristics in terms of its use in each of the five operational phases listed above

  1. Kinetic model of excess activated sludge thermohydrolysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imbierowicz, Mirosław; Chacuk, Andrzej

    2012-11-01

    Thermal hydrolysis of excess activated sludge suspensions was carried at temperatures ranging from 423 K to 523 K and under pressure 0.2-4.0 MPa. Changes of total organic carbon (TOC) concentration in a solid and liquid phase were measured during these studies. At the temperature 423 K, after 2 h of the process, TOC concentration in the reaction mixture decreased by 15-18% of the initial value. At 473 K total organic carbon removal from activated sludge suspension increased to 30%. It was also found that the solubilisation of particulate organic matter strongly depended on the process temperature. At 423 K the transfer of TOC from solid particles into liquid phase after 1 h of the process reached 25% of the initial value, however, at the temperature of 523 K the conversion degree of 'solid' TOC attained 50% just after 15 min of the process. In the article a lumped kinetic model of the process of activated sludge thermohydrolysis has been proposed. It was assumed that during heating of the activated sludge suspension to a temperature in the range of 423-523 K two parallel reactions occurred. One, connected with thermal destruction of activated sludge particles, caused solubilisation of organic carbon and an increase of dissolved organic carbon concentration in the liquid phase (hydrolysate). The parallel reaction led to a new kind of unsolvable solid phase, which was further decomposed into gaseous products (CO(2)). The collected experimental data were used to identify unknown parameters of the model, i.e. activation energies and pre-exponential factors of elementary reactions. The mathematical model of activated sludge thermohydrolysis appropriately describes the kinetics of reactions occurring in the studied system. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Penerapan Metode Composite Performance Index (CPI Pada Pemilihan Hotel Di Kota Lubuklinggau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Anto Tri Susilo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Seiring dengan kemajuan zaman, kemajuan teknologi informasi juga semakin berkembang pesat. Perkembangan teknologi informasi, memiliki dampak besar pada berbagai bidang kehidupan masyarakat baik dari segi sosial, ekonomi, pendidikan, pembangunan, dan pariwisata. Salah satu unsur penting yang mendukung sektor pariwisata adalah adanya hotel. Hotel sebagai sarana akomodasi umum sangat membantu wisatawan yang berkunjung dengan menyediakan layanan penginapan. Keragaman hotel sering membuat para wisatawan kesulitan dalam menentukan hotel yang akan dipilih sebagai tempat menginap. Sistem pendukung keputusan adalah model yang dibangun untuk memecahkan masalah terstruktur. Composite Performance Index (CPI adalah metode yang umum digunakan dalam proses pengambilan keputusan adalah. Metode CPI menggunakan pemecahan masalah dengan sistem Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM yang menentukan urutan atau prioritas dalam analisis multikriteria. Hasil akhir dari penelitian ini adalah terciptanya sistem pendukung keputusan yang menghasilkan informasi mengenai peringkat hotel yang dapat dijadikan tempat referensi untuk tetap memperhatikan beberapa kriteria, termasuk tarif kamar, jarak ke pusat kota, fasilitas dan layanan.

  3. Assessment of radiological profile of Mumbai - Kota rail route using mobile monitoring methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saindane, Shashank S.; Anoj Kumar; Narsaiah, M.V.R.; Mishra, A.K.; Solase, Sachin; Murali, S.; Pradeepkumar, K.S.

    2014-01-01

    Radiological mapping is useful for updates on the trend of the radiation level at various locations/routes. As a part of this, the radiation mapping of Mumbai - Kota rail route (∼ 1230 km) was carried out by using various state of the art monitoring systems/instruments to record the radiation level both on online and offline modes. The state of the art monitoring systems/instruments such as Compact Radiation monitoring system, Gamma Tracer, Field Spec and portable spectrometer equipped with Global Positioning System were installed inside the train compartment. The dose rate data were noted manually also at various stations using highly sensitive portable instruments like Micro R (μR) survey meter, Field spec, Personal Radiation Detector (PRD) etc. With the help of portable spectrometer, spectral data were continuously collected along the route

  4. Improved method of degassing of feed water at Heavy Water Plant, Kota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krishnan, G K; Agrawal, A K [Heavy Water Plant, Kota (India)

    1994-06-01

    Heavy Water Plant (Kota) processes 450 MT/hr of feed water as the source of deuterium using water/hydrogen sulphide exchange process for the production of heavy water. Plant design has limited the ingress of dissolved oxygen in feed water to 0.2 ppm. However, even this low limit on dissolved oxygen has been found unacceptable during plant operation as over an operational period of 3-4 years accumulation of sulphur due to oxidation of hydrogen sulphide on exchange tower trays poses major operational problems. This paper discusses the results of nitrogen injection used for reducing the ingress of dissolved oxygen in the feed water system of the plant. (author). 1 fig.

  5. HUBUNGAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KINERJA DENGAN ETOS KERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA PADANG PANJANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubban Jamma

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Relations Leadership Style and Performance with the Work Ethic Teachers in Primary School Kota Padangpanjang. The purpose of this research was to reveal how extend the correlations of principal leadership, teachers’ work satisfaction with teachers’ work ethic at elementary schools in Padang Panjang Regency. This research revealed: (1 Style of Principal leadership correlated with teachers’ work ethic significantly. The extended of correlation of teachers work ethic was determined by style of principal leadership as 27,1 %. (2 Teachers work satisfaction correlated with teachers’ work ethic significantly. Teachers’ work ethic was determined by teachers work satisfaction as 26,2 %. (3 The style of principal leadership and teachers work satisfaction (X2 correlated significantly with teachers’ work ethic at elementary schools in Padang Panjang Regency, and the extend teachers’ work ethic was determined by style of principal eldership and teachers’ work satisfaction as 39,5 %. Kata kunci:  Gaya kepemimpinan, kepuasan kerja, etos kerja

  6. KEADILAN ORGANISASIONAL DAN KONSEKUENSINYA TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR GURU SMA DAN SMK KOTA MADIUN*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronika Agustini Srimulyani

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Keadilan organisasional memiliki potensi untuk menciptakan manfaat besar bagi organisasi dan karyawan, dan salah satu manfaatnya adalah menumbuhkan extra-role behavior (ERB atau organizational citizenship behavior (OCB. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis konsekuensi keadilan organisasional (keadilan distributif, keadilan prosedural, dan keadilan interaksional pada organizational citizenship behavior guru SMA dan guru SMK di Kota Madiun. OCB dibagi menjadi dua jenis yaitu citizenship behaviors directed toward individuals (OCB-I dan citizenship behaviors directed towards the organisation (OCB-O. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survei. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 409 guru, yang dipilih secara non-acak. Data diperoleh dengan menyebarkan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian disimpulkan: keadilan distributif dan keadilan interaksional berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap OCB-I dan OCB-O; keadilan prosedural tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap OCB-I tetapi keadilan prosedural berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap OCB-O.

  7. MODEL PENGEMBANGAN WAKAF PRODUKTIF (Studi tentang Pengelolaan Wakaf pada Yayasan Muslimin Kota Pekalongan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mubarok *

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel hasil penelitian ini akan membahas tentang model wakaf produktif pada Yayasan Muslimin Kota Pekalongan dan strategi yang digunakannya dalam mengembangkan aset wakaf yang dimiliki. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan (field research. Adapun pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kualitatif. Data-data yang telah diperoleh akan dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis induktif-deskriptif . Hasil riset menunjukkan bahwa di antara model wakaf produktif yang jalankan oleh Yayasan Muslimin sebagai nadzir adalah menyewakan kamar hotel, ruko, toko, meeting room dan mempergunakan sebagian ruangan yang ada dihotel sebagai tempat usaha seperti warnet dan rumah makan (kuliner. Adapun strategi Yayasan Muslimin dalam mengembangkan aset wakaf adalah: Pengembangan melalui istibdal, pengembangan aset melalui pengajuan proposal, pengembangan aset melalui hutang kepada pihak ketiga, pengembangan aset melalui pembelian dari hasil wakaf, dan pengembangan aset melalui pemberian dari wakif baru.

  8. Improved method of degassing of feed water at Heavy Water Plant, Kota

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krishnan, G.K.; Agrawal, A.K.

    1994-01-01

    Heavy Water Plant (Kota) processes 450 MT/hr of feed water as the source of deuterium using water/hydrogen sulphide exchange process for the production of heavy water. Plant design has limited the ingress of dissolved oxygen in feed water to 0.2 ppm. However, even this low limit on dissolved oxygen has been found unacceptable during plant operation as over an operational period of 3-4 years accumulation of sulphur due to oxidation of hydrogen sulphide on exchange tower trays poses major operational problems. This paper discusses the results of nitrogen injection used for reducing the ingress of dissolved oxygen in the feed water system of the plant. (author)

  9. ANALISIS PERANAN PALANG MERAH INDONESIA (PMI KOTA MADIUN DALAM MENGIMPLEMENTASIKAN NILAI-NILAI PANCASILA SILA KEDUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfiantika Febrian Ashari

    2016-04-01

    Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI kota Madiun berperan dalam mengimplementasikan nilai-nilai Pancasila sila kedua. Berdasarkan dengan temuan data, hal ini dapat dilihat dari berbagai kegiatan kemanusiaan yang telah dilakukan oleh PMI sebagai wujud dalam mengembangkan sikap saling mencintai sesama manusia, mengakuinya dan memperlakukan sesuai dengan harkat dan martabatnya sebagai makhluk Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, guna untuk menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai kemanusiaan. Dari berbagai kegiatan kemanusiaan yang telah dilakukan oleh PMI tersebut tentunya sangatlah bermanfaat untuk masyarakat yang terkena dampak bencana yang memerlukan bantuan secara adil dan sukarela. Serta dapat memberikan pertolongan bagi para pasien atau penderita sakit yang sangat membutuhkan darah melalui kegiatan donor darah yang diadakan PMI.

  10. Aktor Pelaksana Pengelolaan Transportasi Publik Perkotaan (Studi Kasus Bus Trans Metro Di Kota Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raden Imam Al Hafis

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Modernisasi dalam bidang transportasi merupakan suatu terobosan bagi pemerintah untuk memperbaiki sistem pelayanan dalam bidang angkutan umum. Pertumbuhan ekonomi suatu negara atau bangsa tergantung tersedianya pengangkutan dalam negara atau bangsa yang bersangkutan. Agar hal tersebut bisa terwujud, maka dalam pengelolaannya diperlukan aktor lain diluar pemerintah agar pelaksanaan kebijakan dapat disinergikan sehingga dapat memperoleh hasil yang maksimal dalam pencapaian tujuan dari kebijakan. Penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif, yakni jenis penelitian yang menggambarkan suatu fenomena atau kejadian secara apa adanya. Hasil yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini bahwa aktor utama dalam kegiatan pengelolaan transportasi publik perkotaan yaitu pemerintah (Dinas Perhubungan Komunikasi dan Informatika Kota Pekanbaru. Diperlukan keterlibatan aktor diluar pemerintah dalam melakukan kegiatan pengelolaan transportasi publik perkotaan (Bus Trans Metro Pekanbaru agar hasil yang dicapai terlaksana secara optimal. Kata Kunci : Angkutan Perkotaan, Aktor pelaksana, pengelolaan transportasi publik perkotaan.

  11. Postnatal depression and socio-cultural practices among postnatal mothers in Kota Bahru, Kelantan, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azidah, A K; Shaiful, B I; Rusli, N; Jamil, M Y

    2006-03-01

    This is a cross sectional study to determine the relationship of postnatal depression (PND) and socio-cultural practices post-delivery among women in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Four hundred and twenty one pregnant women were screened for depression between 36 - 42 weeks of pregnancy, 1 week and 4 - 6 weeks postpartum using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The women also completed questionnaires on socio-demography, psychosocial support and traditional postnatal care. The prevalence of PND at 4-6 weeks postpartum was 20.7%. Depressive symptoms at the end of pregnancy (p<0.05) and one week postpartum (p<0.05), worry about the baby (p<0.05), use of traditional medication (p<0.05) and traditional massage (p<0.05) were significantly associated with PND.

  12. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI DAN PENINGKATAN NILAI TAMBAH GAMBIR DI KABUPATEN LIMA PULUH KOTA SUMATERA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Afni Evalia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were (1 to analyze the gambir-based-industry development potential in Lima Puluh Kota regencies and to understand the added value received by developing gambir products, (2 to compose the internal and external factors which effects the gambir agroindustry development’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, and (3 to devise a strategies to develop an export oriented strong gambir  processing industry. The analysis were used internal factor evaluation-external factors evaluation matrices which were used to sum up and evaluate the main strength and weakness in certain functions which can also be used as the base to identify strength and weakness conditions, SWOT analysis and quantitative strategic planning matrix. To illustrate the added value of gambir processing, the Hayami method was used. From the analysis, the increases in added values were obtained  from processing gambir into catechine and Tannin. Three kilograms of gambir can produce a 91,67% added value ratio of catechine and a 83,81% added value ratio of  Tannin. Based on the SWOT matrix, four alternative sets of strategies were derived, which are (1 reinvigorating the ATP (agrotechnopark in an effort to establish technological innovation of processing gambir into various processed products that have assured qualities and addequate ammounts, (2 creating a comfortable policy to regulate permits for domestic and foreign investors to enter, (3 raising the role of regional governments, plantation agencies, academia, financial institutions, and other related institutions in an effort to develop the agroindustry and to increase the added value in Lima Puluh Kota regencies, and (4 forming a gambir Marketing Support Organization (BPPG.Keywords: gambir, IFE and EFE matrix, hayami method, SWOT analysis, QSPM analysisABSTRAKTujuan  penelitian ini adalah (1 menganalisis potensi pengembangan berbasis gambir-industri di Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota

  13. EFEKTIVITAS BAPPEDA DALAM PERENCANAAN PEMBANGUNAN KOTA PADANG DI ERA OTONOMI DAERAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desril - Tafria

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK   BAPPEDA adalah salah satu unsur/lembaga yang ada di daerah yang mempunyai fungsi penting dalam kegiatan perencanaan pembangunan di daerah. Begitu pentingnya fungsi lembaga ini maka dapat dikatakan bahwa berhasil tidaknya pelaksanaan Koordinasi Perencanaan pembangunan di daerah terutama di era otonomi daerah ditentukan oleh effektivitas Bappeda dalam menjalankan fungsi-fungsinya. Oleh karenanya peningkatan kualitas kinerja Bappeda Kota Padang perlu untuk dibenahi atau ditingkatkan dalam pengkoordinasian pada instansi terkait. Berangkat dari fenomena sebagaimana tersebut diatas, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk : 1 mengetahui efektivitas Bappeda Kota Padang dalam menjalankan fungsi-fungsinya guna menyelenggarakan Koordinasi Perencanaan pembangunan di daerah : 2 mengetahui faktor-faktor penghambat efektivitas fungsi Bappeda  Kota Padang dalam menyelenggarakan koordinasi perencanaan dan pelaksanaan pembangunan di daerah dalam penyusunan program/proyek Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan mengambil setting atau lokasi penelitian di Kantor Bappeda Kota Padang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis dengan pola interaktif sebagaimana yang dikembangan oleh Miles dan Huberman (1992 yang meliputi reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan data atau verfikasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa 1 Untuk mengoptimalkan fungsi Bappeda di era otonomi daerah dapat dilakukan dengan jalan mengefektivitaskan fungsi Bappeda dalam penyelenggaraan koordinasi perencanaan pembangunan di daerah, peningkatan penyusunan RAPBD serta pelaksanaan fungsi monitoring dan evalusi semua kegiatan; 2 Faktor-faktor penghambat efektivitas fungsi Bappeda dalam menyelenggarakan koordinasi pembangunan di daerah adalah kurangnya profesionalisme staf, kurangnya sarana dan prasarana, struktur dan prosedur kerja serta

  14. Gambaran Perilaku Remaja Terhadap Penggunaan Earphone Pada Siswa SMA Negeri Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiara Rahma Zain

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakEarphone adalah alat yang digunakan untukmendengarkan musik dari telepon genggam dan perangkat audio lainnya.Sebuah survey yang dilakukan oleh American Speech Languageand Hearing Association (2006 menemukan bahwa remaja lebih banyak menggunakan perangkat dengar pribadidengan volume keras dan dalam waktu yang lama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran perilaku remaja terhadap pengunaan earphone pada siswa SMA Negeri Kota PadangPenelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif pada siswa SMAN Negeri Kota Padang yang berjumlah 13.105 orang.Didapatkan sampel berjumlah 427 orang, pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik Cluster Sampling.Data diambil dengan menggunakan kuesioner.Analisis data menggunakan analisis univarat dengan menggunakan program SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solution 21.00 for Windows.                Hasil didapatkan proporsi pengguna earphone pada siswa SMA Negeri Kota Padangberjumlah 83,6%. Perilaku siswa dibagi menjadi 3 kategori yaitu pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan. Hasilnya didapatkan siswa tersebut memiliki pengetahuan dan sikap yang baik terhadap penggunaan earphone dengan persentase 93,4% dan 80,9%. Tindakan siswa ketika menggunakan earphone cukup baik dengan persentasi 66,3%.                Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah sebagian besar siswa SMA Negeri Kota Padang menggunakan earphone.Siswa tersebut memiliki pengetahuan yang baik mengenai dampak penggunaan earphone dan cara pencegahannya. Siswa juga memiliki sikap yang baik terhadap penggunaan earphone dan bertindak cukup baik ketika menggunakan earphone.Kata Kunci :Earphone, remaja, perilaku AbstractEarphone is a device that used for listening music from their mobile phone and other devices. A survey conducted by American Speech Languageand Hearing Association (2006 found that many teenagers use their personal audio device with maximum volume within a long time. This research aims to describe the teenager

  15. Energy potential of the modified excess sludge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zawieja Iwona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the SCOD value of excess sludge it is possible to estimate an amount of energy potentially obtained during the methane fermentation process. Based on a literature review, it has been estimated that from 1 kg of SCOD it is possible to obtain 3.48 kWh of energy. Taking into account the above methane and energy ratio (i.e. 10 kWh/1Nm3 CH4, it is possible to determine the volume of methane obtained from the tested sludge. Determination of potential energy of sludge is necessary for the use of biogas as a source of power generators as cogeneration and ensure the stability of this type of system. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine the energy potential of excess sludge subjected to the thermal and chemical disintegration. In the case of thermal disintegration, test was conducted in the low temperature 80°C. The reagent used for the chemical modification was a peracetic acid, which in an aqueous medium having strong oxidizing properties. The time of chemical modification was 6 hours. Applied dose of the reagent was 1.0 ml CH3COOOH/L of sludge. By subjecting the sludge disintegration by the test methods achieved an increase in the SCOD value of modified sludge, indicating the improvement of biodegradability along with a concomitant increase in their energy potential. The obtained experimental production of biogas from disintegrated sludge confirmed that it is possible to estimate potential intensity of its production. The SCOD value of 2576 mg O2/L, in the case of chemical disintegration, was obtained for a dose of 1.0 ml CH3COOH/L. For this dose the pH value was equal 6.85. In the case of thermal disintegration maximum SCOD value was 2246 mg O2/L obtained at 80°C and the time of preparation 6 h. It was estimated that in case of thermal disintegration as well as for the chemical disintegration for selected parameters, the potential energy for model digester of active volume of 5L was, respectively, 0.193 and 0,118 kWh.

  16. Energy potential of the modified excess sludge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawieja, Iwona

    2017-11-01

    On the basis of the SCOD value of excess sludge it is possible to estimate an amount of energy potentially obtained during the methane fermentation process. Based on a literature review, it has been estimated that from 1 kg of SCOD it is possible to obtain 3.48 kWh of energy. Taking into account the above methane and energy ratio (i.e. 10 kWh/1Nm3 CH4), it is possible to determine the volume of methane obtained from the tested sludge. Determination of potential energy of sludge is necessary for the use of biogas as a source of power generators as cogeneration and ensure the stability of this type of system. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine the energy potential of excess sludge subjected to the thermal and chemical disintegration. In the case of thermal disintegration, test was conducted in the low temperature 80°C. The reagent used for the chemical modification was a peracetic acid, which in an aqueous medium having strong oxidizing properties. The time of chemical modification was 6 hours. Applied dose of the reagent was 1.0 ml CH3COOOH/L of sludge. By subjecting the sludge disintegration by the test methods achieved an increase in the SCOD value of modified sludge, indicating the improvement of biodegradability along with a concomitant increase in their energy potential. The obtained experimental production of biogas from disintegrated sludge confirmed that it is possible to estimate potential intensity of its production. The SCOD value of 2576 mg O2/L, in the case of chemical disintegration, was obtained for a dose of 1.0 ml CH3COOH/L. For this dose the pH value was equal 6.85. In the case of thermal disintegration maximum SCOD value was 2246 mg O2/L obtained at 80°C and the time of preparation 6 h. It was estimated that in case of thermal disintegration as well as for the chemical disintegration for selected parameters, the potential energy for model digester of active volume of 5L was, respectively, 0.193 and 0,118 kWh.

  17. Overview of present and future sludge regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tonetti, R.

    1980-01-01

    The US Environmental Protection Agency is mandated by several acts of Congress to develop sludge management regulations. These include the Resource Recovery and Conservation Act, Clean Water Act, Marine Resources and Sanctuaries Act, Clean Air Act, and Toxic Substances Control Act. Congress had two main goals: the protection of the public health and the promotion of the use of sludge as a natural resource. This presentation will review the development of present and anticipated regulation as they seek to support achievement of these goals

  18. Potential priority pollutants in sewage sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Eva; Christensen, Nina; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye

    2008-01-01

    compounds using their inherent properties and environmental fate it was shown that 99 XOCs could be classified as being hazardous with regard to the solid phase and 23 were found to be priority pollutants in the subsequent hazard assessment. The final selected priority pollutants can act as indicators when...... assessing sludge quality. They were compared with European legislations and discussed in regard for pointing out the need for mitigation such as substitution. Furthermore, the potential need for implementation of sludge treatment trains in order to meet the society's needs was addressed....

  19. Pengembangan Sistem Pengelolaan Informasi Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remaja Kota Padang

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    Isra Wilna

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu fungsi dari Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remaja (PIK Remaja adalah memberikan pelayanan informasi dan konseling tentang perencanaan kehidupan berkeluarga bagi remaja. PIK Remaja ini terdapat di lembaga pendidikan sepert sekolah dan perguruan tinggi maupun lembaga non pendidikan. Lokasinya tersebar di 11 kecamatan yang ada di Kota Padang. Setiap PIK, diharuskan menyampaikan laporan-nya secara kolektif dan berkala ke Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Perempuan dan Keluarga Berencana (BPMPKB  Padang,. Keterbatasan ruang dan waktu, menjadi kendala bagi BPMPKB dalam menjalan perannya sebagai pengawas. Disamping itu, perubahan alamat kantor PIK Remaja  banyak tidak terkelola karena tidak terdokumentasi dengan baik. Oleh karena itu dibangun sebuah sistem yang mampu menyelesaikan masalah tersebut. Sistem infomasi geografis menjadi pilihan karena mampu menyajikan informasi dengan referensi geografis. Dukungan teknologi web terhadap visualisasi geografis akan memudahkan pemangku kebijakan dalam pengembangan PIK Remaja di Kota Padang. Metode pengembangan aplikasi mengadopsi model waterfall. Aplikasi ini dibangun dengan fungsional pencarian PIK Remaja berdasarkan kategori, berdasarkan wilayah, pencarian PIK Remaja yang terdekat dari posisi pengguna, melihat rute menuju PIK Remaja yang dipilih. Disamping itu BPMPKB dapat mengelola data dan laporan  kegiatan PIK remaja. Disamping itu, PIK Remaja dapat mengelola data PIK-nya dan menyampaikan laporan kegiatan. Semua data tesimpan dalam database terdiri dari 9 tabel dengan  17 rancangan user interface aplikasi. Pengujian dilakukan dengan validasi fungsional aplikasi yang dirancang dengan aplikasi secara Blackbox testing. Pengujian ini  melibatkan 5 orang pengguna dengan hasil rekomendasi fungsional dari sistem telah berjalan sesuai dengan rancangan.   Kata kunci: PIK Remaja, Sistem Informasi Geografis.

  20. PERSEPSI DAN PREFERENSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP FASAD BANGUNAN DI KORIDOR JALAN KI SAMAUN KOTA TANGERANG

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    Nur Sukma Suri

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to discover people’s perceptions and preferences towards building façade. This research has used a mixed-method approach with the triangulation of data validation. In the analysis, a sequence-analysis method has been utilized, beginning from qualitative descriptive to quantitative one. Data were collected from in-depth-interview with several key persons like district official, officers of certain governmental departments, and questionnaire distribution to the people who have their daily activities in Ki SamaunStreet, which is part of Kota Lama area in Tangerang City. The findings of this study show that colors; architectural design; width and height of the buildings and building-‘s’ ornaments are the most important elements in building façade that can be used to comprehend the people’s perceptions and preferences. This study has found that there are similarities between people’s perceptions and preferences with the Kota Lama’s development plans. Both sides are of the opinion that the colors of the buildings are similar, unpleasant, and there are some buildings more stand out than the others. Both sides also perceive that the architectural style of the buildings no longer represents the Chinese culture. This makes the restoration work to reverse the façade back into its original form is essential. Both sides also recognize that building-‘s’ height and width are not in harmony, although the people think that renovation is not needed. Both sides also observe that there are no buildingswith similar ornaments; whilesignage is the main source of visual pollution and rearrangement of signage is needed.

  1. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA REMAJA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS RAWAT INAP SIDOMULYO KOTA PEKANBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renny Fitriana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Data WHO ( World Health Organization tahun 2000 menunjukkan sekitar 972 juta orang atau 26,4% penduduk dunia mengidap hipertensi. Pada remaja juga dijumpai hipertensi. Data Riskesdas 2007, terdapat prevalensi hipertensi di Indonesia sebesar 8,4% dan 14% di Riau. Dari data Dinkes Kota Pekanbaru tahun 2011 kasus hipertensi pada remaja sebesar 2,98% dan dari 19 Puskesmas, angka kasus hipertensi remaja tertinggi terjadi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rawat Inap Sidomulyo yaitu 136 kasus atau 17,6%. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian hipertensi pada remaja di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rawat Inap Sidomulyo Kota Pekanbaru tahun 2012. Penelitian dengan desain case control study yang dilakukan pada 128 orang sampel, terdiri dari 64 kasus dan 64 kontrol. Instrumen penelitian adalah kuesioner, tensimeter, timbangan injak, microtoise, FFQ dan kuesioner baecke. Analisis yang dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara riwayat keturunan (OR=7,68, 95%C/=3,5- 16,82, obesitas (OR=12,32, 95%C7=5,27-28,75 dan aktivitas fisik (OR=7,86, 95%C7=3,33-18,58 dengan kejadian hipertensi sedangkan perilaku merokok dan asupan natrium tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan. Faktor risiko yang paling dominan adalah riwayat keturunan, obesitas dan aktivitas fisik. Kesimpulandari hasil penelitian adalah riwayat keturunan, obesitas dan aktivitas fisik menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang bermakna. Disarankan kepada petugas puskesmas agar dapat meningkatkan penyuluhan kepada masyarakat khususnya pada remaja tentang risiko hipertensi, terutama risiko riwayat keturunan, perilaku merokok, obesitas, aktivitas fisik dan asupan natrium sebagai penyebab hipertensi serta melakukan pencegahan penyakit hipertensi sedini mungkinbagi remaja.

  2. PEMETAAN POTENSI KOTA MALANG SEBAGAI PEMASOK MINYAK GORENG BEKAS UNTUK PRODUKSI BIODIESEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Rifqi Mariana

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Malang is one of the alleged potential as an used frying oil producer . The aim of research is to determine the type of company which producing used frying oil and the production capacity of each company. The experiment was conducted with the survey to Disperindag office, restaurants, and food industries recommended by Disperindag. The instrument used interview techniques. Results showed that the most potential type of company produces waste cooking oil is a franchise restaurant with fried chicken as their main product (Kentucky and Mc Donald with the average of remaining used frying oil is 30 liters/day, then crisp fruit industry (5.5 kg/day for average, hotel and restaurant kitchens fried chicken (on average of 4 liters/day, non-chicken basic restaurant (on average of 3.5 liters/day, and tempe chips industry (2.5 liters/day. Every day Malang City produces remaining used frying oil about 820 liters/day which is enough potential for the bio-diesel production. Malang merupakan salah satu kota yang diduga potensial sebagai penghasil minyak goreng bekas (jelantah. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui jenis perusahaan  pemasok minyak goreng bekas dan kapasitas produksi masing-masing perusahaan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan survey ke Desperindag, restoran, dan industri pangan yang direkomendasi Disperindag. Instrumen yang digunakan teknik wawan­cara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan jenis perusahaan paling potensial menghasilkan jelantah adalah restoran waralaba dengan produk utama ayam goreng (Kentucky dan Mc Donald dengan rerata sisa jelantah 30 liter/hari, selanjutnya industri keripik buah (rerata 5,5 kg /hari, berikutnya dapur hotel dan restoran ayam goreng (rerata 4 liter/hari, restoran basic nonayam (rerata 3,5 liter/hari, dan terakhir industri keripik tempe  (2,5 liter/ hari. Setiap hari Kota Malang menghasilkan kira-kira 820 liter/hari, jumlah tersebut cukup potensial untuk produksi biodiesel.

  3. PENGARUH TINGKAT PENDIDIKAN, FASILITAS KERJA, DAN KEPEMIMPINAN TERHADAP KINERJA PEGAWAI KECAMATAN SE-KOTA TEGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krisdiana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh tingkat pendidikan, fasilitas kerja, dan kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja pegawai kecamatan se-Kota Tegal. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pegawai kecamatan se-Kota Tegal yang berjumlah 50 orang pegawai. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase, asumsi klasik dan regresi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 15,186 + 0,164X1 + 0,196X2 + 0,349X3 + e. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan besarnya pengaruh secara simultan tingkat pendidiakan, fasilitas kerja, dan kepemimpinan sebesar57%. Secara parsial besarnya pengaruh tingkat pendidikan 11,15%, fasilitas kerja 11,15%, dan kepemimpinan 22,46%. The purpose of this research is to know the influence of educational level, employment, facilities and leadership against the performance of the employees ofthe district town ofTegal. The population in this research is the employee of sub town of Tegal, which amounted to 50 employees. Data collection methods used were questionnaires and documentation methods. Analytical techniques descriptive analyses data using percentages, regression and classical assumptions. Results of analysis showed that the multiple linear regression equation is Y = 15,186 + 0, 164X1 + 0, 196X2 + 0, 349X3 + e. Calculation result shows the magnitude of the effects of pendidiakan levels simultaneously, employment, and leadership facilities amounted to 57%. Partially the magnitude of the influence of educational level 11.15%, 11.15% employment, facilities and leadership 22,46%

  4. PENENTUAN RUTE ANTAR KOTA YANG EFISIEN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ANALISA DATA GEOGRAFIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Rostianingsih

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Finding a path between cities is look like a simple thing but its also seems complicated because there are many costs which is influence the path finding. In Geographic Information System, an object from a map have information which is use to analysis many things. One of them is spatial data analysis, which is a modelling proses, manipulating and interpretation information about a feature geographic. This spatial data analysis is using grid, which is data model raster with two dimension which is group of pixels, where each cell containing a value, called weighted cell. Using euclidean algorithm which include weight of grid, without notice the direction of the path, can make the best effisien path with leact cost path analysis. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menentukan rute dari suatu kota ke kota lain, merupakan hal yang terlihat sederhana namun sering terasa rumit karena banyak faktor yang perlu diperhatikan dalam pemilihan rute. Dalam Sistem Informasi Geografik, suatu obyek pada peta mempunyai informasi yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan banyak analisa. Salah satunya adalah analisa data spatial, yaitu proses pemodelan, pengolahan dan interpretasi informasi tentang suatu fitur geografik. Analisa data spatial tersebut dilakukan dengan menggunakan grid, yaitu model data raster dengan dua dimensi ruang yang terdiri dari kumpulan piksel, dimana tiap sel menyimpan sebuah nilai. Pemberian nilai tiap piksel untuk analisa disebut bobot untuk tiap sel. Dengan menggunakan algoritma euclidean yang memperhatikan bobot tiap grid, tanpa memperhatikan arah rute, dapat dihasilkan satu rute efisien yang terbaik dengan mencari rute yang mempunyai bobot akumulatif terkecil. Kata kunci: rute, sistem informasi geografik, analisa data spatial, algoritma euclidean.

  5. Identifying desertification risk areas using fuzzy membership and geospatial technique - A case study, Kota District, Rajasthan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, Arunima; Sastry, K. L. N.; Dhinwa, P. S.; Rathore, V. S.; Nathawat, M. S.

    2013-08-01

    Desertification risk assessment is important in order to take proper measures for its prevention. Present research intends to identify the areas under risk of desertification along with their severity in terms of degradation in natural parameters. An integrated model with fuzzy membership analysis, fuzzy rule-based inference system and geospatial techniques was adopted, including five specific natural parameters namely slope, soil pH, soil depth, soil texture and NDVI. Individual parameters were classified according to their deviation from mean. Membership of each individual values to be in a certain class was derived using the normal probability density function of that class. Thus if a single class of a single parameter is with mean μ and standard deviation σ, the values falling beyond μ + 2 σ and μ - 2 σ are not representing that class, but a transitional zone between two subsequent classes. These are the most important areas in terms of degradation, as they have the lowest probability to be in a certain class, hence highest probability to be extended or narrowed down in next or previous class respectively. Eventually, these are the values which can be easily altered, under extrogenic influences, hence are identified as risk areas. The overall desertification risk is derived by incorporating the different risk severity of each parameter using fuzzy rule-based interference system in GIS environment. Multicriteria based geo-statistics are applied to locate the areas under different severity of desertification risk. The study revealed that in Kota, various anthropogenic pressures are accelerating land deterioration, coupled with natural erosive forces. Four major sources of desertification in Kota are, namely Gully and Ravine erosion, inappropriate mining practices, growing urbanization and random deforestation.

  6. KEHAMILAN REMAJA TERHADAP KEJADIAN ANEMIA DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS CEMPAKA KOTA BANJARBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hapisah Hapisah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Correlation Of Teenage Pregnancy With Anemia In Region Cempaka Health Centers Banjarbaru. The purpose of research is to know the correlation of teenage pregnancy with anemia in regional Cempaka Health Centers Banjarbaru. The research is using the design of survey analyzing with the cross-sectional approach. The population is all of the pregnant women in working area of Cempaka Health Centers Banjarbaru from January to July in 2013 is 382 people with the sample is 80 people. The sampling uses Random sampling with (systematic sampling. The result of research showed 18 people (22.5% respondent with teenage pregnancy, respondent have anemia during pregnancy is 31 people (38.75% and there is a correlation between teenage pregnancy with anemia cases, the result of Chi-Square test showed the value of p = 0.013 < α = 0.05. Keywords: pregnancy, teenage, anemia Abstrak : Kehamilan Remaja Terhadap Kejadian Anemia Di Wilayah Puskesmas Cempaka Kota Banjarbaru. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kehamilan remaja dengan kejadian anemia di wilayah Puskesmas Cempaka Kota Banjarbaru. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan Survei analitik dengan pendekatan adalah cross sectional. Populasi adalah semua ibu hamil yang berada di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Cempaka Banjarbaru dari bulan Januari sampai dengan Juli tahun 2013 sebanyak 382 orang dengan sampel sebanyak 80 orang. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara Random Sampling dengan sistematis (systematic sampling. Hasil penelitian didapatkan sebanyak 18 orang (22,5% responden dengan kehamilan remaja, sebanyak 31 orang (38.75% responden mengalami anemia dalam kehamilan dan terdapat hubungan antara kehamilan remaja dengan kejadian anemia, hasil uji Chi-Square didapatkan nilai p = 0,013<α = 0,05. Kata kunci: kehamilan, remaja, anemia

  7. EFEK PENDAPATAN PEDAGANG TRADISIONAL DARI RAMAINYA KEMUNCULAN MINIMARKET DI KOTA MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwinita Aryani

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkomparasikan jumlah pendapatan para pedagang di pasar tradisional sebelum dan sesudah munculnya minimarket di Kota Malang serta mengetahui permasalahan yang dihadapi pedagang di pasar tradisional berkaitan dengan keberadaan minimarket. Penelitian ini dilakukan di 6 pasar di kota Malang. Responden terbagi menjadi dua yaitu responden pedagang dan responden pembeli. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa 66% responden pedagang menyatakan keberadaan minimarket berpengaruh terhadap penurunan pendapatannya. Dari hasil uji beda membuktikan bahwa terdapat perbedaan rata-rata pendapatan para pedagang di pasar tradisional sebelum dengan sesudah munculnya minimarket. Beberapa hal yang dapat mempengaruhi lesunya pasar tradisional antara lain munculnya keberadaan minimarket, pesaing lain seperti pedagang sayur keliling/mlijo dan toko pracangan, kondisi pasar tradisional yang kurang baik. This research aims to compare the earning of traders in traditional markets before and after existing minimarket in Malang, and also to identify the problems faced by traders in traditional markets and to formulate a concept of empowerment of traditional markets. The objects of this research are six traditional markets in Malang. The conclusion showed that 66% of respondents claimed the existence of minimarket is declining their revenues. With t test resulted there is a significant influence on the emergence of minimarket to total income traders. The results of questionnaires on consumers, as much as 66% of respondent consumers/buyers prefer to buy vegetables in the vegetable traders /mlijo than the traditional market. Meanwhile respondent rarely go to shop to traditional market because of high competitions among sellers, far from their house; dirty; not comfortable and bad service.

  8. PENGEMBANGAN SISTEM AKUNTANSI BERBASIS INFORMATION AND COMMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT PADA SEKOLAH UNGGULAN DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Wahyudin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan sistem informasi akuntansi pada sekolah unggulan di wilayah kota Semarang yang berdasarkan pada kebutuhan user, mengakomodir kebijakan yang telah ditetapkan oleh Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, serta mengacu pada ISO 9001. Metode penyusunan sistem informasi akuntansi menggunakan model information sistem development methods. Analisis identifikasi kebutuhan informasi akuntansi menggunakan mix method, dengan mengkolaborai persepsi stakeholder sekolah dan kebutuhan internal sekolah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pemetaan kebutuhan sistem informasi keuangan dan manual prosedur sistem informasi akuntansi sekolah unggulan di Kota Semarang yang terdiri dari Sistem Informasi Penganggaran (SiAnggar, Sistem Informasi Keuangan (SiKeu, Sistem Informasi Akuntansi (SiAkun. Dalam hal ini Sistem Informasi Akuntansi dibagi lagi menjadi tiga Sistem Akuntansi Manajemen, Sistem Akuntansi Keuangan, Sistem Akuntansi Aset. This study aims to develop a system of accounting information at outstanding schools in Semarang city which is based on the need of the users, and to accommodate the policy defined by the Ministry of Education and Culture based on ISO 9001. In formulating  the accounting information systems,  a model information system development method is used. Identification of needs analysis employs mixed method of accounting information by collaborating perception of the stakeholders involved at schools and internal needs of the school. The results show that there is mapping on the need of financial information systems and manual procedures of accounting information systems at the top schools in Semarang city consisting of Budgeting Information System (SiAnggar, Financial Information System (SiKeu, Accounting Information Systems (SiAkun. In this case, the Accounting Information Systems is subdivided into three Accounting Management System, Financial Accounting Systems, and  Asset Accounting Systems.

  9. Irradiation treatment of sewage sludge: History and prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bao Borong; Wu Minghong; Zhou Ruimin; Zhu Jinliang

    1998-01-01

    This paper first reviews the history of irradiation treatment of sewage sludge in the world. The first sludge irradiation plant was built in Geiselbullach, West Germany in 1973 and used 60 Co as irradiation source. Since then, many sludge irradiators were constructed in U.S.A., India, Japan, Canada, Poland, etc., which used 60 Co, 137 Cs or electron beam as irradiation sources. The paper then describes some basic research on irradiation treatment of sewage sludge including optimization of irradiation parameters, synergistic effect of radiation with heat, oxygenation, irradiation-composting and potential applications of treated sludge. Some proposals have been suggested for further development of this technology in the future

  10. Revegetation of mined land using waste water sludge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sopper, W E; Kerr, N

    1980-01-01

    The benefits of using sludge to reclaim land that has been used for strip mining is explained. Pennsylvania State University developed demonstration plots and used various types of sludges to illustrate this. One application of sludge is sufficient to supply plant nutrients for 3-5 years. After sludge application and incorporation, the site was broadcast seeded with grasses and legumes. Other trials and their results are noted. All show no detrimental effects on vegetation, the soil or groundwater quality due to sludge application.

  11. On the influence of sewage sludge irradiation by gamma radiation on the sludge properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hegemann, W.

    1976-01-01

    The gamma irradiation is a technically usable method to disinfect sewage sludge. Furthermore, the slurry properties are also improved. After 24 hours' thickening time, a significantly smaller volume of concentrated thick slurry could be removed compared to untreated sludge. On the other hand, a dilution occurs with pasteurization if the heat is introduced by steam, and the initial concentration could not be achieved again even after thickening for 24 hours. The drainability of the treated sludge was also improved by irradiation, expressed by a reduction of the specific filter resistance. The costs are essentially determined by the radiation sources used. If it is technically possible to process reactor wastes in such a manner that they can be used in slurry radiation plants, costs of 3.50-4.00 DM/m 3 treated sludge seem possible. (orig.) [de

  12. Settling properties of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) and aerobic granular sludge molasses (AGSM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mat Saad, Azlina; Aini Dahalan, Farrah; Ibrahim, Naimah; Yasina Yusuf, Sara; Aqlima Ahmad, Siti; Khalil, Khalilah Abdul

    2018-03-01

    Aerobic granulation technology is applied to treat domestic and industrial wastewater. The Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) cultivated has strong properties that appears to be denser and compact in physiological structure compared to the conventional activated sludge. It offers rapid settling for solid:liquid separation in wastewater treatment. Aerobic granules were developed using sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with intermittent aerobic - anaerobic mode with 8 cycles in 24 hr. This study examined the settling velocity performance of cultivated aerobic granular sludge (AGS) and aerobic granular sludge molasses (AGSM). The elemental composition in both AGS and AGSM were determined using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). The results showed that AGSM has higher settling velocity 30.5 m/h compared to AGS.

  13. Electroosmotic dewatering of chalk sludge, iron hydroxide sludge, wet fly ash and biomass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, H.K.; Kristensen, I.V.; Ottosen, L.M.; Villumsen, A. [Dept. of Geology and Geotechnical Engineering, The Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark)

    2001-07-01

    Electroosmotic dewatering has been tested in laboratory cells for 4 different porous materials: chalk sludge, iron hydroxide sludge, wet fly ash and biomass sludge from enzyme production. In all cases it was possible to remove water when passing electric DC current through the material. Casagrande's coefficients for the three materials where determined at different water contents. In the electroosmotic experiments shown in this work chalk can be dewatered from 40% to 79% DM (dry matter), fly ash from 75 to 82% DM, iron hydroxide sludge from 2.7 to 19% DM and biomass from 3 to 33% DM. The process was not optimised indicating that higher dry matter contents could be achieved. (orig.)

  14. Placement of radium/barium sludges in tailings areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murphy, K.L.; Multamaki, G.E.

    1980-01-01

    Currently radium is removed from uranium mining and milling effluents by the addition of barium chloride to precipitate the radium as radium/barium sulphate. The precipitate is allowed to settle in sedimentation basins prior to discharge of the effluent. The sedimentation basins are not suitable for final disposal of the sludge, and placement of the sludges in the tailings area has been proposed. The geochemical environment of fresh tailings areas was characterized as an acidic, oxidized surface zone underlain by an alkaline, reduced zone comprising the rest of the tailings. The quantity of sludge produced was estimated to be small relative to the quantity of tailings, and therefor a relatively small amount of radium would be added to the tailings disposal area by the addition of sludge. To confirm whether sludge addition affected radionuclide solubilization, laboratory leaching tests were conducted on slurries of acid leach tailings, and sludge-tailings mixtures. Radium in the (Ra,Ba)SO 4 sludge was at least as stable as radium in the tailings, and the sludge was able to absorb radium released from the tailings. The addition of sludge did not affect uranium and thorium solubilization. From these results it appears that the placement of sludge in tailings areas would not adversely affect the stability of radionuclides in the tailings or sludge. (auth)

  15. Sludge quantification at water treatment plant and its management scenario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Tarique; Ahmad, Kafeel; Alam, Mehtab

    2017-08-15

    Large volume of sludge is generated at the water treatment plants during the purification of surface water for potable supplies. Handling and disposal of sludge require careful attention from civic bodies, plant operators, and environmentalists. Quantification of the sludge produced at the treatment plants is important to develop suitable management strategies for its economical and environment friendly disposal. Present study deals with the quantification of sludge using empirical relation between turbidity, suspended solids, and coagulant dosing. Seasonal variation has significant effect on the raw water quality received at the water treatment plants so forth sludge generation also varies. Yearly production of the sludge in a water treatment plant at Ghaziabad, India, is estimated to be 29,700 ton. Sustainable disposal of such a quantity of sludge is a challenging task under stringent environmental legislation. Several beneficial reuses of sludge in civil engineering and constructional work have been identified globally such as raw material in manufacturing cement, bricks, and artificial aggregates, as cementitious material, and sand substitute in preparing concrete and mortar. About 54 to 60% sand, 24 to 28% silt, and 16% clay constitute the sludge generated at the water treatment plant under investigation. Characteristics of the sludge are found suitable for its potential utilization as locally available construction material for safe disposal. An overview of the sustainable management scenario involving beneficial reuses of the sludge has also been presented.

  16. Biohydrogen production using waste activated sludge disintegrated by gamma irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yin, Yanan; Wang, Jianlong

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • The waste activated sludge could be disintegrated by gamma irradiation. • The disintegrated sludge could be used for biohydrogen production. • Combined alkali-irradiation treatment achieved the highest solubilization of sludge. - Abstract: The biohydrogen production using the disintegrated and dissolved sludge by gamma irradiation was studied. The experimental results showed that gamma irradiation and irradiation combined with alkali pretreatment could disintegrate and dissolve waste activated sludge for biohydrogen production. The alkali-irradiation treatment of the sludge at pH = 12 and 20 kGy achieved the highest disintegration and dissolution, i.e., it could destroy the cell walls and release organic matters (such as soluble COD, polysaccharides and protein) into the solution. The disintegrated sludge could be used as a low-cost substrate for biohydrogen production

  17. Gravity Drainage of Activated Sludge on Reed Beds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Morten Lykkegaard; Dominiak, Dominik Marek; Keiding, Kristian

    and operation of reed beds and the efficiencies are often lower than predicted. One reason is that the sludge quality varies from plant to plant and even within plants from time to time. No good method exists for measuring the sludge quality with respect to drainage characteristics. A new experimental method...... has therefore been developed to measure relevant quality parameters: specific cake resistance, settling velocity and cake compressibility. It has been found that activated sludge form highly compressible cake even at the low compressive pressures obtained during drainage. Numerical simulation shows......Activated sludge is a by-product from waste water treatment plants, and the water content in the sludge is high (> 90%). Among several methods to remove the water, sludge drying reed beds are often used to dewater the sludge by drainage. There is, however, no well-defined criterion for design...

  18. Recent developments in Sandia Laboratories' sewage sludge irradiation program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sivinski, H.D.; Brandon, J.R.; Morris, M.E.; Neuhauser, K.S.; Ward, R.L.; McCaslin, B.; Smith, G.S.

    1977-01-01

    Pathogen reduction studies show that gamma irradiation is effective in inactivating pathogenic bacteria, parasite ova, and viruses in liquid sludges. Ammonia is shown to be virucidal to poliovirus and several other enteric viruses. Sludge processing costs are relatively economical for composted or dried sludges, but only marginally competitive with costs of heat treatment for liquid sludges. Physical and chemical studies show that effects of irradiation of sludges on dewatering properties are insignificant when compared to the effects of polymer addition. Dried, irradiated undigested sludge has significant nutritional value as a feed supplement for sheep and cattle and in agronomic uses such as greenhouses and field plots. No significant harmful effects have been demonstrated in the feeding program. Product enhancement studies are under way, including schemes for removing nitrogen from wastewaters and adding it to sludges in the form of ammonium salts

  19. The exploitation of swamp plants for dewatering liquid sewage sludge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Šálek

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The operators of little rural wastewater treatment plants have been interested in economic exploitation of sewage sludge in local conditions. The chance is searching simply and natural ways of processing and exploitation stabilized sewage sludge in agriculture. Manure substrate have been obtained by composting waterless sewage sludge including rest plant biomass after closing 6–8 years period of filling liquid sewage sludge to the basin. Main attention was focused on exploitation of swamp plants for dewatering liquid sewage sludge and determination of influence sewage sludge on plants, intensity and course of evapotranspiration and design and setting of drying beds. On the base of determined ability of swamp plants evapotranspiration were edited suggestion solutions of design and operation sludge bed facilities in the conditions of small rural wastewater treatment plant.

  20. Hydrothermal Testing of K Basin Sludge and N Reactor Fuel at Sludge Treatment Project Operating Conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Thornton, Brenda M.

    2007-03-30

    The Sludge Treatment Project (STP), managed for the U. S. DOE by Fluor Hanford (FH), was created to design and operate a process to eliminate uranium metal from K Basin sludge prior to packaging for Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The STP process uses high temperature liquid water to accelerate the reaction, produce uranium dioxide from the uranium metal, and safely discharge the hydrogen. Under nominal process conditions, the sludge will be heated in pressurized water at 185°C for as long as 72 hours to assure the complete reaction (corrosion) of up to 0.25-inch diameter uranium metal pieces. Under contract to FH, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted bench-scale testing of the STP hydrothermal process in November and December 2006. Five tests (~50 ml each) were conducted in sealed, un-agitated reaction vessels under the hydrothermal conditions (e.g., 7 to 72 h at 185°C) of the STP corrosion process using radioactive sludge samples collected from the K East Basin and particles/coupons of N Reactor fuel also taken from the K Basins. The tests were designed to evaluate and understand the chemical changes that may be occurring and the effects that any changes would have on sludge rheological properties. The tests were not designed to evaluate engineering aspects of the process. The hydrothermal treatment affected the chemical and physical properties of the sludge. In each test, significant uranium compound phase changes were identified, resulting from dehydration and chemical reduction reactions. Physical properties of the sludge were significantly altered from their initial, as-settled sludge values, including, shear strength, settled density, weight percent water, and gas retention.

  1. Bench-scale enhanced sludge washing and gravity settling of Hanford Tank C-106 Sludge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brooks, K.P.; Myers, R.L.; Rappe, K.G.

    1997-01-01

    This report summarizes the results of a bench-scale sludge pretreatment demonstration of the Hanford baseline flowsheet using liter-quantities of sludge from Hanford Site single-shell tank 241-C-106 (tank C-106). The leached and washed sludge from these tests provided Envelope D material for the contractors supporting Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Privatization. Pretreatment of the sludge included enhanced sludge washing and gravity settling tests and providing scale-up data for both these unit operations. Initial and final solids as well as decanted supernatants from each step of the process were analyzed chemically and radiochemically. The results of this work were compared to those of Lumetta et al. (1996a) who performed a similar experiment with 15 grams of C-106, sludge. A summary of the results are shown in Table S.1. Of the major nonradioactive components, those that were significantly removed with enhanced sludge washing included aluminum (31%), chromium (49%), sodium (57%), and phosphorus (35%). Of the radioactive components, a significant amount of 137 Cs (49%) were removed during the enhanced sludge wash. Only a very small fraction of the remaining radionuclides were removed, including 90 Sr (0.4%) and TRU elements (1.5%). These results are consistent with those of the screening test. All of the supernatants (both individually and as a blend) removed from these washing steps, once vitrified as LLW glasses (at 20 wt% Na 2 O), would be less than NRC Class C in TRU elements and less than NRC Class B in 90 Sr

  2. PBDEs in Italian sewage sludge and environmental risk of using sewage sludge for land application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cincinelli, Alessandra; Martellini, Tania; Misuri, Lorenza; Lanciotti, Eudes; Sweetman, Andy; Laschi, Serena; Palchetti, Ilaria

    2012-01-01

    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in sewage sludge samples collected from eight Italian wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) between June 2009 and March 2010. Total PBDE concentrations ranged from 158.3 to 9427 ng g −1 dw, while deca-BDE (BDE-209) (concentrations ranging from 130.6 to 9411 ng g −1 dw) dominated the congener profile in all the samples, contributing between 77% and 99.8% of total PBDE. The suitability of using a magnetic particle enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) to analyse PBDEs in sewage sludge was also tested. The ELISA results, expressed as BDE-47 equivalents, were well correlated with those obtained by GC–NCI–MS, with correlation coefficients (r 2 ) of 0.899 and 0.959, depending on the extraction procedure adopted. The risk assessment of PBDEs in sewage sludge addressed to land application was calculated. PEC soil values compared to the relative PNEC soil for penta and deca-BDE suggests that there is a low risk to the soil environment. - Highlights: ► PBDEs in sewage sludge were determined in eight Italian WWTPs for the first time. ► PBDEs concentrations showed differences between the eight investigated WWTPs. ► Deca-BDE (BDE-209) was the dominant congener in all samples. ► The suitability of using ELISA method to analyse PBDEs in sewage sludge was tested. ► The risk assessment of using sewage sludge for land application was evaluated. - Determination of PBDEs in sewage sludge by GC–NCI–MS and ELISA test and risk assessment when sewage sludge is used for land application.

  3. Enhancement of sludge reduction and methane production by removing extracellular polymeric substances from waste activated sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Minh Tuan; Mohd Yasin, Nazlina Haiza; Miyazaki, Toshiki; Maeda, Toshinari

    2014-12-01

    The management of waste activated sludge (WAS) recycling is a concern that affects the development of the future low-carbon society, particularly sludge reduction and biomass utilization. In this study, we investigated the effect of removing extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), which play important roles in the adhesion and flocculation of WAS, on increased sludge disintegration, thereby enhancing sludge reduction and methane production by anaerobic digestion. EPS removal from WAS by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) significantly enhanced sludge reduction, i.e., 49 ± 5% compared with 27 ± 1% of the control at the end the digestion process. Methane production was also improved in WAS without EPS by 8881 ± 109 CH4 μmol g(-1) dry-weight of sludge. Microbial activity was determined by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and real-time polymerase chain reaction, which showed that the hydrolysis and acetogenesis stages were enhanced by pretreatment with 2% EDTA, with a larger methanogenic community and better methane production. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Bacterial composition of activated sludge - importance for floc and sludge properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, Per H.; Thomsen, Trine R.; Nielsen, Jeppe L.

    2003-07-01

    Activated sludge flocs consist of numerous constituents which, together with other factors, are responsible for floc structure and floc properties. These properties largely determine the sludge properties such as flocculation, settling and dewaterability. In this paper we briefly review the present knowledge about the role of bacteria in relation to floc and sludge properties, and we present a new approach to investigate the identity and function of the bacteria in the activated sludge flocs. The approach includes identification of the important bacteria and a characterization of their physiological and functional properties. It is carried out by use of culture-independent molecular biological methods linked with other methods to study the physiology and function maintaining a single cell resolution. Using this approach it was found that floc-forming properties differed among the various bacterial groups, e.g. that different microcolony-forming bacteria had very different sensitivities to shear and that some of them deflocculated under anaerobic conditions. in our opinion, the approach to combine identity with functional analysis of the dominant bacteria in activated sludge by in situ methods is a very promising way to investigate correlations between presence of specific bacteria, and floc and sludge properties that are of interest. (author)

  5. Bacterial regrowth potential in alkaline sludges from open-sun and covered sludge drying beds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alkan, U.; Topac, F.O.; Birden, B.; Baskaya, H.S. [Uludag University, Gorukle (Turkey). Dept. of Environmnetal Engineering

    2007-10-15

    The aim of this study was to compare the regrowth potentials of wastewater sludges dried in two pilot-scale drying processes namely, Open-Sun Sludge Drying Bed (OSDB) and Covered Sludge Drying Bed (CSDB). Quicklime and/or coal fly ash were added to raw sludge samples prior to drying processes in order to enhance bacterial inactivation. Following three drying cycles (March-April, June-July and August-October), sludge samples were taken from the beds for the regrowth experiments. Addition of alkaline materials prevented the regrowth of faecal coliforms in all rewetted samples except for the samples obtained after the rainfall events in OSDB. Rewetting of these samples in the regrowth experiments increased faecal coliform numbers by 3.5-7 log units. In contradiction, the observed bacterial numbers in rewetted alkaline samples from CSDB were below the EPA Class B criterion (2 million MPN g{center_dot} 1) dry sludge). The combination of additional heat from solar collectors, protection from the rain and the unfavourable living conditions owing to alkaline materials appeared to inactivate bacteria more effectively in CSDB and hence eliminated regrowth potential more efficiently.

  6. Improvement of sludge dewaterability and removal of sludge-borne metals by bioleaching at optimum pH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fenwu; Zhou, Lixiang; Zhou, Jun; Song, Xingwei; Wang, Dianzhan

    2012-06-30

    Bio-acidification caused by bio-oxidation of energy substances during bioleaching is widely known to play an important role in improving sludge-borne metals removal. Here we report that bioleaching also drastically enhances sludge dewaterability in a suitable pH level. To obtain the optimum initial concentrations of energy substances and pH values for sludge dewaterability during bioleaching, bio-oxidation of Fe(2+) and S(0) under co-inoculation with Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans TS6 and Acidothiobacillus ferrooxidans LX5 and their effects on sludge dewaterability and metals removal during sludge bioleaching were investigated. Results indicated that the dosage of energy substances with 2g/L S(0) and 2g/L Fe(2+) could obtain bio-oxidation efficiencies of up to 100% for Fe(2+) and 50% for S(0) and were the optimal dosages for sludge bioleaching. The removal efficiencies of sludge-borne Cu and Cr could reach above 85% and 40%, respectively, and capillary suction time (CST) of bioleached sludge decreased to as low as ∼10s from initial 48.9s for fresh sludge when sludge pH declined to ∼2.4 through bioleaching. These results confirm the potential of bioleaching as a novel method for improving sludge dewaterability as well as removal of metals. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Cavitation for improved sludge conversion into biogas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, A.H.; Bakker, T.W.; Kramer, H.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    In several studies the beneficial influence of pre-treatment of waste activated sludge with cavitation on the biogas production was demonstrated. It is however, still not fully certain whether this effect should be mainly contributed to an increase in conversion rate of organics into biogas by

  8. Operator assisted optimization of sludge dewatering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grüttner, Henrik

    1991-01-01

    by the operator. By graphical presentation and an advisory service these data are used to support the operator in his dewatering operations and to secure a running optimization of the sludge dewatering. Evaluations show that this system is a useful tool for data collection and presentation and that the data...

  9. Predicting the degradability of waste activated sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Richard; Parker, Wayne; Zhu, Henry; Houweling, Dwight; Murthy, Sudhir

    2009-08-01

    The objective of this study was to identify methods for estimating anaerobic digestibility of waste activated sludge (WAS). The WAS streams were generated in three sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) treating municipal wastewater. The wastewater and WAS properties were initially determined through simulation of SBR operation with BioWin (EnviroSim Associates Ltd., Flamborough, Ontario, Canada). Samples of WAS from the SBRs were subsequently characterized through respirometry and batch anaerobic digestion. Respirometry was an effective tool for characterizing the active fraction of WAS and could be a suitable technique for determining sludge composition for input to anaerobic models. Anaerobic digestion of the WAS revealed decreasing methane production and lower chemical oxygen demand removals as the SRT of the sludge increased. BioWin was capable of accurately describing the digestion of the WAS samples for typical digester SRTs. For extended digestion times (i.e., greater than 30 days), some degradation of the endogenous decay products was assumed to achieve accurate simulations for all sludge SRTs.

  10. Oxidation of oily sludge in supercritical water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cui Baochen; Cui Fuyi; Jing Guolin; Xu Shengli; Huo Weijing; Liu Shuzhi

    2009-01-01

    The oxidation of oily sludge in supercritical water is performed in a batch reactor at reaction temperatures between 663 and 723 K, the reaction times between 1 and 10 min and pressure between 23 and 27 MPa. Effect of reaction parameters such as reaction time, temperature, pressure, O 2 excess and initial COD on oxidation of oily sludge is investigated. The results indicate that chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate of 92% can be reached in 10 min. COD removal rate increases as the reaction time, temperature and initial COD increase. Pressure and O 2 excess have no remarkable affect on reaction. By taking into account the dependence of reaction rate on COD concentration, a global power-law rate expression was regressed from experimental data. The resulting pre-exponential factor was 8.99 x 10 14 (mol L -1 ) -0.405 s -1 ; the activation energy was 213.13 ± 1.33 kJ/mol; and the reaction order for oily sludge (based on COD) is 1.405. It was concluded that supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) is a rapidly emerging oily sludge processing technology.

  11. Biological treatment of sludge digester liquids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Loosdrecht, M C M; Salem, S

    2006-01-01

    Nitrogen removal in side stream processes offers a good potential for upgrading wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) that need to meet stricter effluent standards. Removing nutrients from these internal process flows significantly reduces the N-load to the main treatment plant. These internal flows mainly result from the sludge processing and have a high temperature and a high concentration of ammonia. Therefore, the required reactor volumes as well as the required aerobic SRT are small. Generally, biological treatment processes are more economical and preferred over physical-chemical processes. Recently, several biological treatment processes have been introduced for sludge water treatment. These processes are available now on the activated sludge market (e.g. SHARON, ANAMMOX and BABE processes). The technologies differ in concept and in the limitations guiding the application of these processes for upgrading WWTPs. This paper reviews and compares different biological alternatives for nitrogen removal in side streams. The limitations for selecting a technology from the available ones in the activated sludge market are noted and analysed. It is stressed that the choice for a certain process is based on more aspects than pure process engineering arguments.

  12. Lipase and protease extraction from activated sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gessesse, Amare; Dueholm, Thomas; Petersen, Steffen B.

    2003-01-01

    of gentle and efficient enzyme extraction methods from environmental samples is very important. In this study we present a method for the extraction of lipases and proteases from activated sludge using the non-ionic detergent Triton X-100, EDTA, and cation exchange resin (CER), alone or in combination...

  13. Parasites in soil/sludge systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brandon, J.R.

    1978-03-01

    The potential for the transmission of parasites, such as Entamoeba sp., schistosomes, and nematodes such as Ascaris sp., to man through the use of sewage sludges as fertilizer is reviewed. The eggs of Ascaris have been found to be the most resistant of these parasites to normal sludge treatment methods. Results of studies on the effectiveness of heat and ionizing radiation treatments reported show that a treatment of 55/sup 0/C for 1 hour or more sufficiently reduces the number of viable Ascaris eggs in seeded sludge systems. An absorbed dose of 300 kilorads radiation is more than adequate for the same purpose. However, before an unequivocal statement can be made about the effectiveness of either of these treatments in reducing viable ova in real systems, certain qualifying factors must be investigated. There are conflicting reports on the radiation sensitivities of Ascaris eggs in different stages of development. Also, irradiation of composted sludge using an electron beam was unsuccessful in rendering all naturally-occurring Ascaris ova non-viable, even at 300 kilorads. The significant differences in radiation and heat sensitivities of Ascaris eggs in compost vs liquid systems points out the need to further investigate the effects of moisture levels on these sensitivities.

  14. Sumi-sludge system; Sumisurajji system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-20

    The subject facilities, delivered to Kakegawa City, Shizuoka Prefecture, in December, 1999, are the first machine by the heavy load denitrification processing system adaptive to purifying tank sludge 'Sumi-sludge system'. It enhanced the capacity of 84 kl/day by about 30% to 109 kl/day through the remodeling of the existing facilities. Its major specifications are capacity: 109 kl/day (human wastes 18 kl/day, purifying tank sludge 91 kl/day) and final effluent quality: pH 5.8-8.6, BOD 10 mg/l or less, COD 20 mg/l or less, SS 10 mg/l or less, T-N 10 mg/l or less, T-P 1 mg/l or less, chromaticity 30 degrees or less, coliform group quantity 3,000 pieces/ml or less. It has the following features. (1) Bio-treatment load is reduced by dehydrating human wastes and purifying tank sludge in the prestage of the bio-treatment. (2) Bio-treatment and flocculation separating treatment are integrated. (3) A high-speed flocculation sedimentation tank 'Sumi-thickner' is employed in the solid-liquid separator, enabling stable solid-liquid separation. (translated by NEDO)

  15. Contextual investigation of factors affecting sludge accumulation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pit latrines in slums areas of Uganda fill up faster than might be expected from some estimates owing to inappropriate use and failure to consider critical factors affecting sludge accumulation rates at the planning, design and construction stages. This study sought to investigate factors affecting filling rates of lined pit latrines ...

  16. Parasites in soil/sludge systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brandon, J.R.

    1978-03-01

    The potential for the transmission of parasites, such as Entamoeba sp., schistosomes, and nematodes such as Ascaris sp., to man through the use of sewage sludges as fertilizer is reviewed. The eggs of Ascaris have been found to be the most resistant of these parasites to normal sludge treatment methods. Results of studies on the effectiveness of heat and ionizing radiation treatments reported show that a treatment of 55 0 C for 1 hour or more sufficiently reduces the number of viable Ascaris eggs in seeded sludge systems. An absorbed dose of 300 kilorads radiation is more than adequate for the same purpose. However, before an unequivocal statement can be made about the effectiveness of either of these treatments in reducing viable ova in real systems, certain qualifying factors must be investigated. There are conflicting reports on the radiation sensitivities of Ascaris eggs in different stages of development. Also, irradiation of composted sludge using an electron beam was unsuccessful in rendering all naturally-occurring Ascaris ova non-viable, even at 300 kilorads. The significant differences in radiation and heat sensitivities of Ascaris eggs in compost vs liquid systems points out the need to further investigate the effects of moisture levels on these sensitivities

  17. Phosphorus recovery from sewage sludge char ash

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atienza-Martinez, M.; Gea, G.; Arauzo, J.; Kersten, Sascha R.A.; Kootstra, A.M.J.

    2014-01-01

    Phosphorus was recovered from the ash obtained after combustion at different temperatures (600 °C, 750 °C and 900 °C) and after gasification (at 820 °C using a mixture of air and steam as fluidising agent) of char from sewage sludge fast pyrolysis carried out at 530 °C. Depending on the leaching

  18. Respirometry techniques and activated sludge models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benes, O.; Spanjers, H.; Holba, M.

    2002-01-01

    This paper aims to explain results of respirometry experiments using Activated Sludge Model No. 1. In cases of insufficient fit of ASM No. 1, further modifications to the model were carried out and the so-called "Enzymatic model" was developed. The best-fit method was used to determine the effect of

  19. Disinfection of sewage sludge with gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    In the Geiselbullach sewage treatment plant near Munich, sewage irradiation by a 60 Co source is being investigated on a technical scale. 145 m 3 of sewage sludge are irradiated per day and then used as field fertilizer. (orig./HBR) [de

  20. Sludge irradiation disinfection for beneficial use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-12-01

    Papers given at the symposium are included in this volume. The symposium was organized to facilitate the transfer of information on the use of sludge irradiation as a process to further reduce pathogens. State-of-the-art gamma radiation of dried sewage solids is reviewed. Separate abstracts have been prepared for individual papers for inclusion in the Energy Data Base