WorldWideScience

Sample records for sissesidu viks maksustada

  1. Rootsi soovitab pangad maksustada / Kadri Bank ; kommenteerinud Tanel Ross, Ivari Padar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    Rootsi rahandusminister Andres Borg tegi Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide rahandusministritele ettepaneku järgida Rootsi eeskuju ning maksustada pangad, ettepaneku jõustumisel peaksid Eesti pangad maksma loodavasse stabiliseerimisfondi umbes 50 miljonit krooni aastas

  2. Kuidas toetate sel õppeaastal oma valla koolilapsi? / Külle Viks, Helen Metsma, Aivar Surva...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Türi vallavalitsuse haridusspetsialist Külle Viks, Sõmerpalu valla lastekaitse ja sotsiaaltoetuste spetsialist Helen Metsma, Mäetaguse vallavanem Aivar Surva, Rapla abivallavanem Imbi Kalberg, Kärdla linna haridusnõunik Juta Alev, Albu vallavalitsuse sotsiaalnõunik Claire Miljukova, Võru linnavalitsuse haridusspetsialist Kristi Aavakivi

  3. [High and low use of insurance benefits. A comparison of 2 Norwegian municipalities--Båtsfjord in Finnmark and Vik in Sogn and Fjordane].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grünfeld, B; Noreik, K

    1991-04-10

    Health insurance benefits and social welfare support has been investigated in two municipalities in Norway, Båtsfjord in the northernmost part of the country and Vik, in the county of Sogn and Fjordane in the western region. Båtsfjord is mainly a fishing community and 30% of the inhabitants aged 16-66 were receiving health insurance benefits, as compared to 8% in Vik, where the main sources of income are agriculture, industry and tourism. More than half of the insurance benefits contributions were permanent pensions. In addition 12% of the population in Båtsfjord and 1% in Vik received social welfare benefits. Most of the recipients of these benefits were younger than 35 years. The authors discuss the main reasons for these differences in public economic support among residents of the two municipalities. Factors such as level of education, conditions on the labour market and attitudes among the population and health personnel concerning public economic assistance through the health insurance system seem to be conducive to the steadily higher consumption of public welfare benefits.

  4. BAID: The Barrow Area Information Database - an interactive web mapping portal and cyberinfrastructure for science and land management in the vicinity of Utqiaġvik (Barrow) on the North Slope of Alaska.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cody, R. P.; Escarzaga, S. M.; Gaylord, A. G.; Kassin, A.; Barba, M.; Tweedie, C. E.

    2017-12-01

    The Utqiaġvik (Barrow) area of northern Alaska is one of the most intensely researched locations in the Arctic and the Barrow Area Information Database (BAID, www.barrowmapped.org) tracks and facilitates a gamut of research, management, and educational activities in the area. BAID is a cyberinfrastructure (CI) that details much of the historic and extant research undertaken within in the Barrow region in a suite of interactive web-based mapping and information portals (geobrowsers). The BAID user community and target audience for BAID is diverse and includes research scientists, science logisticians, land managers, educators, students, and the general public. BAID contains information on more than 18,000 Barrow area research sites that extend back to the 1940's and more than 640 remote sensing images and geospatial datasets. In a web-based setting, users can zoom, pan, query, measure distance, save or print maps and query results, and filter or view information by space, time, and/or other tags. Recent advances include provision of differential global positioning (dGPS) system and high resolution aerial imagery support to visiting scientists, analysis and multitemporal mapping of over 120 km of coastline for erosion monitoring; maintenance of a wireless micrometeorological sensor network; links to Barrow area datasets housed at national data archives; a NOAA funded community outreach program for citizen science and public outreach on costal erosion; and substantial upgrades to the BAID website. Web mapping applications that have launched to the public include: an Imagery Time Viewer that allows users to compare imagery of the Barrow area between 1948 and the present; a Coastal Erosion Viewer that allows users to view long-term (1955-2015) and recent (2013-2015) rates of erosion for the Barrow area; and a Community Planning tool that allows users to view and print dynamic reports based on an array of basemaps including a new 0.5m resolution wetlands map designed to

  5. Tuumajaama rajamiseks pooled seadused olemas / Toomas Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Toomas, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti on ühinenud mitme tuumateemat puudutava rahvusvahelise konventsiooniga, kuid seadusandlik baas vajab olulist täiendamist. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Järvamaa, Jõgevamaa, Tartumaa, Põlvamaa, Võrumaa, Valgamaa ja Viljandimaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Läänemaa ja Pärnumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Rapla- ja Harjumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5

  6. Swiss Albino Farelerde Fenpiroksimat (Akarisit’ın Teşvik Ettiği Biyokimyasal Değişime Karşı Fındığın Koruyucu Rolü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kültiğin ÇAVUŞOĞLU

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Özet. Fenpiroksimat Tetranychidae, Eriophyiidae ve Tarsonemidae ailelerindeki önemli fitofag akarlarına karşı mücadelede kullanılan pirazol bir akarisittir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Swiss albino farelerde seçilen biyokimyasal parametreler üzerine Fenpiroksimat akarisitinin toksisitesini değerlendirmek ve bu biyokimyasal değişimlere karşı fındığın koruyucu rolünü araştırmaktır. Fareler rastgele bir (1 kontrol ve üç (3 uygulama olmak üzere toplam dört (4 gruba ayrılmıştır. Deneysel periyodun sonunda, tüm fareler hafif eter anestezisi altında bayıltılmış, biyokimyasal analiz ve ölçümler için kan örnekleri ile karaciğer ve böbrek dokuları elde edilmiştir. Serum Aspartat Aminotransferaz (AST, Alanin Aminotransferaz (ALT, Kan Üre Nitrojen (BUN ve kreatinin seviyeleri ölçülmüş, elde edilen dokularda ise Malondialdehit (MDA ve Glutatyon (GSH seviyeleri analiz edilmiştir. Sonuçta, kontrol grubu ile karşılaştırıldığında Fenpiroksimat uygulanan farelerde GSH seviyelerinde önemli bir azalma (p<0.05, AST, ALT, BUN, kreatinin ve MDA seviyelerinde ise önemli bir artış (p<0.05 görülmüştür. Fenpiroksimat uygulama grubu ile karşılaştırıldığında, Fenpiroksimat ile birlikte fındık uygulaması GSH seviyelerinde tekrar önemli bir artışa (p<0.05, AST, ALT, BUN, kreatinin ve MDA seviyelerinde ise önemli bir azalmaya (p<0.05 neden olmuştur. Sonuç olarak, fındık ile beslemenin Fenpiroksimat tarafından teşvik edilen biyokimyasal hasara karşı önemli bir koruma sağladığı söylenebilir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Albino fare, fenpiroksimat, oksidatif stres, serum parametresi Abstract. Fenpyroximate is a pyrazole acaricide with selective activity against important phytophagous mites in the families’ Tetranychidae, Eriophyiidae, and Tarsonemidae. The goal of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of Fenpyroximate acaricide on selected biochemical parameters in Swiss albino mice. And

  7. Saneerimisseadus on esimene samm majanduse kasvuks / Toomas Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Toomas, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikogus vastu võetud saneerimisseadusest majandusraskustesse sattunud ettevõtetele. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Järvamaa, Jõgevamaa, Tartumaa, Põlvamaa, Võrumaa, Valgamaa ja Viljandimaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Läänemaa ja Pärnumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Rapla- ja Harjumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5

  8. Lange Vik, Marte. 2015. Landskapsdemokrati som metafor og materialitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arler, Finn; Stenseke, Marie; Setten, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    Omtale av avhandling for graden philosophiae doctor, juni 2015. Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Fakultet for samfunnsvitenskap og teknologiledelse, Geografisk institutt. Doktoravhandlinger ved NTNU 2015:284. NTNU, Trondheim. 102 s. + vedlegg. ISBN 978- 82-326-1224-6 (trykt utg.), ...

  9. Tallinna kesklinna sissesõidu võiks maksustada / Brigitte Ollier, Hans Rat ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ollier, Brigitte

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnas viibinud Ülemaailmse Ühistranspordi Assotsiatsiooni (UITP) peasekretär ja direktor vastavad küsimustele, mis on seotud Tallinna ühistranspordiga. Kommenteerivad Toomas Vitsut ja Meelis Atonen

  10. Grammatika soome-eesti suursõnaraamatus / Ülle Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Ülle

    2004-01-01

    Võimalustest leida grammatilisi andmeid sõnastikus: Soome-eesti suursõnaraamat=Suomi-viro suursanakirja. 1. A-Q ; 2. R-Ö. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Instituut ; Helsinki : Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus, 2003

  11. Eesti-X-keele sõnastik ja grammatika / Ülle Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Ülle

    2008-01-01

    Käsitletakse kakskeelsetes sõnaraamatutes grammatilise info esitamisega seotud probleeme. Lähemalt tutvustatakse Eesti-X-keele sõnastikku (universaalne leksikaal-grammatiline andmebaas, mis võimaldab genereerida suvalise kakskeelse sõnaraamatu elektroonilist põhja), tema kohta sõnastike tüpoloogias ja sellest tulenevaid nõudeid

  12. Temperature response of respiration across heterogeneous microtopography in the Arctic tundra, Utqiaġvik, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkman, E.; Zona, D.; Tang, Y.; Gioli, B.; Lipson, D.; Oechel, W. C.

    2017-12-01

    The response of ecosystem respiration to warming in the Arctic is not well constrained, partly due to the presence of ice-wedge polygons in continuous permafrost areas. These formations lead to substantial variation in vegetation, soil moisture, water table, and active layer depth over the meter scale that can drive respiratory carbon loss. Accurate calculations of in-situ temperature sensitivities (Q10) are vital for the prediction of future Arctic emissions, and while the eddy covariance technique has commonly been used to determine the diurnal and season patterns of net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of CO2, the lack of suitable dark periods in the Arctic summer has limited our ability to estimate and interpret ecosystem respiration. To therefore improve our understanding of and define controls on ecosystem respiration, we directly compared CO2 fluxes measured from automated chambers across the main local polygonised landscape forms (high and low centers, polygon rims, and polygon troughs) to estimates from an adjacent eddy covariance tower. Low-centered polygons and polygon troughs had the greatest cumulative respiration rates, and ecosystem type appeared to be the most important explanatory variable for these rates. Despite the difference in absolute respiration rates, Q10 was surprisingly similar across all microtopographic features, despite contrasting water levels and vegetation types. Conversely, Q10 varied temporally, with higher values during the early and late summer and lower values during the peak growing season. Finally, good agreement was found between chamber and tower based Q10 estimates during the peak growing season. Overall, this study suggests that it is possible to simplify estimates of the temperature sensitivity of respiration across heterogeneous landscapes, but that seasonal changes in Q10 should be incorporated into current and future model simulations.

  13. Leksikograafide elust : LEXICOM 2002 ja EURALEX 2002 / Margit Langemets, Sirje Mäearu, Ülle Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Langemets, Margit, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Leksikograafiakursusest LEXICOM 2002 (toimus Inglismaal, Brightonis) ning leksikograafiakongressist EURALEX 2002 (Kopenhaageni ülikoolis), kus arutleti uute arvutisüsteemide abil sõnaraamatute tulemuslikumast kooostamisest

  14. Soome laht Eesti sisemereks / Igor Gräzin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gräzin, Igor, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa otsus suurendada naftavedu läbi Soome lahe ähvardab katastroofidega siinset piirkonda. Eesti merepiiri nihutamisega Soome lahe keskjoonele saab Eesti maksustada läbi meie territooriumi kulgeva transiidi

  15. Süntaktiline info sõnastikus : probleeme ja väljavaateid / Margit Langemets, Merike Mägedi, Ülle Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Langemets, Margit, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Süntaktilise info esitusest elektroonilistes sõnastikes ja suurtes leksikaalsetes andmebaasides. Süntaktilise info valikukriteeriumidest ja esitusviisidest Eesti Keele Instituudi uute sõnastikuprojektide, ennekõike eesti-X-keele sõnastiku tarvis. Andmetega autorite kohta

  16. Albino Farelerde Bisfenol A Tarafından Teşvik Edilen Genotoksisiteye Karşı Yeşil Kahvenin Koruyucu Rolünün Araştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burhan İŞTAR

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Özet. Bu çalışmada gıda ve içecek ambalajlama materyallerinde sıkça kullanılan kimyasal maddelerden biri olan Bisfenol A (BFA’nın Swiss albino farelerde muhtemel fizyolojik ve genotoksik etkileri ile bu etkilere karşı yeşil kahvenin koruyucu rolü araştırılmıştır. Fizyolojik etkiler; canlı ağırlık ve karaciğer-böbrek organ ağırlıklarının ölçümü ile genotoksik etkiler ise; eritrosit ve yanak mukoza epitelyum hücrelerindeki mikronukleus (MN sıklığının, kemik iliği hücrelerinde ise kromozomal hasar oluşumunun tespitiyle değerlendirilmiştir. Fareler her grupta altı (6 hayvan olacak şekilde toplam altı (6 gruba ayrılmış, kontrol grubundaki fareler çeşme suyu, uygulama grubundaki fareler ise yeşil kahvenin 100 mg/kg c.a ve 400 mg/kg c.a dozlarıyla ve BFA’nın 50 mg/kg c.a dozuyla beslenmişlerdir. Sonuçta BFA uygulaması canlı ağırlıklarda ve organ ağırlıklarında istatistiksel açıdan önemli bir azalmaya neden olurken, MN ve kromozomal anormallik sıklığında ise önemli bir artışa neden olmuştur. Yeşil kahve uygulaması ise BFA’nın söz konusu olumsuz etkilerini iyileştirerek, tüm parametrelerde doza bağlı bir iyileşme göstermiştir. BFA’nın belli bir doz eşiğinden sonra toksisiteye sebep olduğu, yeşil kahvenin ise bu toksisiteyi azaltmada etkili bir antioksidant ürün olduğu anlaşılmıştır.Anahtar Kelimeler: Bisfenol A, Fizyoloji, Genotoksisite, Kromozomal Anormallikler, Mikronukleus, Yeşil Kahve Abstract. This study researches into the potential physiologic and genotoxic effects of Bisphenol A, which is one of the most frequent chemical substance used in food and beverage packaging materials, on Swiss Albino mice and the protective role of green coffee against these effects. The study analyzes the physiologic effects by measuring the live weight, liver and kidney weight, whilst determining the genotoxic effects by frequency of micronucles (MN on erythrocyte and buccal mucosal epithelium cells and determining the chromosomal damage on bone marrow cells. Mice used in this research were divided into six groups in total comprising of 6 mice in each group, while the mice in control group were fed with tap water, the mice in treatment group were fed with 100 mg/kg b.w. and 400 mg/kg b.w. doses of green coffee and 50 mg/kg b.w. dose of Bisphenol A. As a result, while application of the Paraben led to an significant statistical decrease in live and organ weights, caused to a significant increase in MN and chromosomal abnormalities frequency. Application of green coffee healed the potential negative effects of Bisphenol A and revealed an important recovery in all parameters depending on doses. It was determined that Bisphenol A induced toxicity after certain dose threshold and green coffee is an effective antioxidant in reducing the toxicity.Keywords: Bisphenol A, Physiology, Genotoxicity, Chromosomal abnormalities, Micronucleus, Green coffee.

  17. Ettevõtte tulumaks tuleb taastada! / Rene Tammist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammist, Rene, 1978-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 24. mai lk. 2, Meie Maa 25. mai lk. 2, Koit 30. mai lk. 6, Voorema 6. juuni lk. 3, Sakala 7. juuni lk. 2, Valgamaalane 22. juuni lk. 2. Hiljemalt jaanuariks 2004 tuleb ettevõtte kasum maksustada vähemalt 18% ulatuses

  18. Identification of Checkpoint Genes Involved in the kar3 Cell Cycle Arrest

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shanks, Robert

    2001-01-01

    ...) including Cik1p and Vik1p. We have explored the roles of these KAPs in mejosis. Cik1p is essential for meiosis, while Vik1p has a very minor role. These data are consistent with Cik1p and Kar3p acting together to perform the essential role of Kar3p in meiosis. We have also localized Kar3p, Cik1p,and Vik1p during meiosis.

  19. Koopia originaali ja camp'i vahel / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Brasiilia-ameerika fotograafi Vik Muniz'e (s. 1961 Brasiilias, elab USA-s) fotonäitus "Virtuoos, kellest sai fotograaf" Amsterdamis Huis Marseille's. Fotograaf reprodutseerib toiduainete, majapidamistarvete ja prahiga koopiaid kunstiteostest, mille hiljem pildistab

  20. Toit kunstimeediumina / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2002-01-01

    Näiteid toidu ja kaasaegse kunsti kohtumisest Eestis (Jaan Toomik, Paul Rodgers, Marko Laimre, Haus galerii) ja välismaal (Joseph Beuys, Vik Muniz, Damien Hirst). Food art, art culinaire - kunstiteosed valmistatakse toiduainetest

  1. "Hair" - laul ja tants, mitte kultusmuusikal / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Kultusmuusikal "Hair" Rock Cafés Georg Otsa nim. Tallinna Muusikakooli õpilaste esituses, lavastaja Ivo Eensalu, muusikajuhid Mare Väljataga, Meelis Punder, tantsujuht Ulrike Ustav, kunstnikud Kristel Viks, Liisi Suuroja

  2. HiG størst på CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Pettersen, Tor Erik

    2008-01-01

    No other Norwegian university colleagues has as many students at CERN as Gjøvik University College. This given, there are still more students from Gjøvik who wants to spend a year at CERN contributing to solve the technical and scientific challenges the organization is facing with the startup of the LHC. Rector Jørn Wroldsen, who has worked at CERN himself, is proud to have students at the laboratory.

  3. Drivers and environmental responses to the changing annual snow cycle of northern Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Christopher J.; Stone, Robert S.; Douglas, David C.; Stanitski, Diane; Divoky, George J.; Dutton, Geoff S.; Sweeney, Colm; George, J. Craig; Longenecker, David U.

    2017-01-01

    On the North Slope of Alaska, earlier spring snowmelt and later onset of autumn snow accumulation are tied to atmospheric dynamics and sea ice conditions, and result in environmental responses.Linkages between atmospheric, ecological and biogeochemical variables in the changing Arctic are analyzed using long-term measurements near Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow), Alaska. Two key variables are the date when snow disappears in spring, as determined primarily by atmospheric dynamics, precipitation, air temperature, winter snow accumulation and cloud cover, as well as the date of onset of snowpack in autumn that is additionally influenced by ocean temperature and sea ice extent. In 2015 and 2016 the snow melted early at Utqiaġvik due mainly to anomalous warmth during May of both years attributed to atmospheric circulation patterns, with 2016 having the record earliest snowmelt. These years are discussed in the context of a 115-year snowmelt record at Utqiaġvik with a trend toward earlier melting since the mid- 1970s (-2.86 days/decade, 1975-2016). At nearby Cooper Island, where a colony of seabirds, Black Guillemots, have been monitored since 1975, timing of egg laying is correlated with Utqiaġvik snowmelt with 2015 and 2016 being the earliest years in the 42-year record. Ice-out at a nearby freshwater lagoon is also correlated with Utqiaġvik snowmelt. The date when snow begins to accumulate in autumn at Utqiaġvik shows a trend towards later dates (+4.6 days/decade, 1975-2016), with 2016 the latest on record. The relationships between the lengthening snow-free season and regional phenology, soil temperatures, fluxes of gases from the tundra, and to regional sea ice conditions are discussed. Better understanding of these interactions is needed to predict the annual snow cycles in the region at seasonal to decadal scales, and to anticipate coupled environmental responses.

  4. Võistlused : [kalasport, 28. apr. - 30. juun. 2012

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Kevadkalake, Töörahva Kala, Kevadsärg, Vagula Röövik, Saadjärve Haug, EMV Õngitsemises (mehed), Linnakala, Suure-Jaani Spinning, Tuulekala Trolling, Rakvere Koger, Gorodenko Spinning, EMV Õngitsemises (naised ja noored)

  5. Punane moon või kaine mõistus / Ene Läkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läkk, Ene, 1957-

    2001-01-01

    Nukuteatri uue hoone sisekujunduse võistluse I ja II koha töödest. I koha töö autorid Raivo Kotov ja Andrus Kõresaar, II koha töö autorid Ülar Mark, Liina Link, stilist Ain Nurmela ja arvutigraafik Tanel Viks büroost Mark & Tamm Arhitektid

  6. Departure into the 21st century

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wolf, R.

    1998-01-01

    At its 51st annual meeting, the Association of Industrial Power Companies (VIK) commented upon the items relating to energy and to the environment contained in the coalition agreement of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and Alliance 90/The Greens, expressing the point of view of industry and trade. In the opinion of the VIK the plans to opt out of nuclear power have not been fully thought out as far as repercussions on the labor market and on energy policy are concerned. Nuclear power must not be given up at the expense of industry engaged in international competition and the jobs provided by industry. Opting out of nuclear power quickly and without indemnification is unacceptable. The VIK regards the labor market effects of any measure planned as the yardstick to be applied to the coalition agreement. Any decision about energy policy must be seen in connection with the deregulation of the electricity and gas markets. The VIK also holds a critical view of the coalition's intention to amend the Power Economy Act adopted only recently. (orig.) [de

  7. Eesti goes St. Etienne / Anna Roomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roomet, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Näitus Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tootedisaini osakonna magistrantide viimase kahe aasta projektide paremikust esindas Eestit disainibiennaalil St. Etiennis Prantsusmaal. Näituse panid üles Pent Talvet ja Pavel Sidorenko, näitusel osalejad: Anna-Maria Einla, Kätlin Kangur, Triin Kuusler, Andri Laidre, Veiko Liis, Liina-Kai Raivet, P. Sidorenko, P. Talvet, Ingela Viks, Triin Voss

  8. Opinion on the guidelines determined by the Party of Christian Democratic and Christian Social Unions in the Bundestag on May 13, 1993: 'Energy policy for Germany as an industrial site'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    The VIK (Association of the Electric and Mechanical Power Industry) approves of the energy-political guidelines developed by the Party of the CDU/CSU in the Bundestag. It sees numerous agreed positions, which can form a common ground for joint efforts of industry and politics to secure the industrial site of Germany. (orig.) [de

  9. Accumulation of Content Validation Evidence for the Critical Thinking Self-Assessment Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Girija Gopinathan; Hellsten, Laurie-Ann M; Stamler, Lynnette Leeseberg

    2017-04-01

    Critical thinking skills (CTS) are essential for nurses; assessing students' acquisition of these skills is a mandate of nursing curricula. This study aimed to develop a self-assessment instrument of critical thinking skills (Critical Thinking Self-Assessment Scale [CTSAS]) for students' self-monitoring. An initial pool of 196 items across 6 core cognitive skills and 16 subskills were generated using the American Philosophical Association definition of CTS. Experts' content review of the items and their ratings provided evidence of content relevance using the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) and Aiken's content validity coefficient (VIk). 115 items were retained (range of I-CVI values = .70 to .94 and range of VIk values = .69-.95; significant at pself-assessment purposes.

  10. Ansip rõhutas range eelarvepoliitika tähtsust / Silver Pukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukk, Silver

    2008-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansip esines Tartus Reformierakonna volikogul, kus ütles, et tahab jätkata range eelarve poliitikaga. Ajalehes Tallinnskii Vestnik autoriks Toomas Viks. Ilmunud ka: Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn sept. lk. 5; Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe sept. lk. 5; Tallinnskii Vestnik sept. lk. 4; Eesti Teataja: Harju- ja Raplamaa sept. lk. 5; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa sept. lk. 5

  11. 世界最大海洋工程施工船

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GC.0503

    2005-01-01

    Boa De6p C号是目前世界上最大的海洋工程船。该船由挪威Vik Sandvik船舶设计公司设计.船体由长江航运公司金陵船厂建造,西班牙FactoriasVulcano船厂进行后期舾装。该船总长120米、型宽27米。

  12. A coordinated molecular 'fishing' mechanism in heterodimeric kinesin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hou, Ruizheng; Wang, Zhisong

    2010-01-01

    Kar3 is a kinesin motor that facilitates chromosome segregation during cell division. Unlike many members of the kinesin superfamily, Kar3 forms a heterodimer with non-motor protein Vik1 or Cik1 in vivo. The heterodimers show ATP-driven minus-end directed motility along a microtubule (MT) lattice, and also serve as depolymerase at the MT ends. The molecular mechanisms behind this dual functionality remain mysterious. Here, a molecular mechanical model for the Kar3/Vik1 heterodimer based on structural, kinetic and motility data reveals a long-range chemomechanical transmission mechanism that resembles a familiar fishing tactic. By this molecular 'fishing', ATP-binding to Kar3 dissociates catalytically inactive Vik1 off MT to facilitate minus-end sliding of the dimer on the MT lattice. When the dimer binds the frayed ends of MT, the fishing channels ATP hydrolysis energy into MT deploymerization by a mechanochemical effect. The molecular fishing thus provides a unified mechanistic ground for Kar3's dual functionality. The fishing-promoted depolymerization differs from the depolymerase mechanisms found in homodimeric kinesins. The fishing also enables intermolecular coordination with a chemomechanical coupling feature different from the paradigmatic pattern of homodimeric motors. This study rationalizes some puzzling experimental observation, and suggests new experiments for further elucidation of the fishing mechanism

  13. Impacts of a lengthening open water season on Alaskan coastal communities: deriving locally relevant indices from large-scale datasets and community observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolph, Rebecca J.; Mahoney, Andrew R.; Walsh, John; Loring, Philip A.

    2018-05-01

    Using thresholds of physical climate variables developed from community observations, together with two large-scale datasets, we have produced local indices directly relevant to the impacts of a reduced sea ice cover on Alaska coastal communities. The indices include the number of false freeze-ups defined by transient exceedances of ice concentration prior to a corresponding exceedance that persists, false break-ups, timing of freeze-up and break-up, length of the open water duration, number of days when the winds preclude hunting via boat (wind speed threshold exceedances), the number of wind events conducive to geomorphological work or damage to infrastructure from ocean waves, and the number of these wind events with on- and along-shore components promoting water setup along the coastline. We demonstrate how community observations can inform use of large-scale datasets to derive these locally relevant indices. The two primary large-scale datasets are the Historical Sea Ice Atlas for Alaska and the atmospheric output from a regional climate model used to downscale the ERA-Interim atmospheric reanalysis. We illustrate the variability and trends of these indices by application to the rural Alaska communities of Kotzebue, Shishmaref, and Utqiaġvik (previously Barrow), although the same procedure and metrics can be applied to other coastal communities. Over the 1979-2014 time period, there has been a marked increase in the number of combined false freeze-ups and false break-ups as well as the number of days too windy for hunting via boat for all three communities, especially Utqiaġvik. At Utqiaġvik, there has been an approximate tripling of the number of wind events conducive to coastline erosion from 1979 to 2014. We have also found a delay in freeze-up and earlier break-up, leading to a lengthened open water period for all of the communities examined.

  14. Impacts of a lengthening open water season on Alaskan coastal communities: deriving locally relevant indices from large-scale datasets and community observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. Rolph

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Using thresholds of physical climate variables developed from community observations, together with two large-scale datasets, we have produced local indices directly relevant to the impacts of a reduced sea ice cover on Alaska coastal communities. The indices include the number of false freeze-ups defined by transient exceedances of ice concentration prior to a corresponding exceedance that persists, false break-ups, timing of freeze-up and break-up, length of the open water duration, number of days when the winds preclude hunting via boat (wind speed threshold exceedances, the number of wind events conducive to geomorphological work or damage to infrastructure from ocean waves, and the number of these wind events with on- and along-shore components promoting water setup along the coastline. We demonstrate how community observations can inform use of large-scale datasets to derive these locally relevant indices. The two primary large-scale datasets are the Historical Sea Ice Atlas for Alaska and the atmospheric output from a regional climate model used to downscale the ERA-Interim atmospheric reanalysis. We illustrate the variability and trends of these indices by application to the rural Alaska communities of Kotzebue, Shishmaref, and Utqiaġvik (previously Barrow, although the same procedure and metrics can be applied to other coastal communities. Over the 1979–2014 time period, there has been a marked increase in the number of combined false freeze-ups and false break-ups as well as the number of days too windy for hunting via boat for all three communities, especially Utqiaġvik. At Utqiaġvik, there has been an approximate tripling of the number of wind events conducive to coastline erosion from 1979 to 2014. We have also found a delay in freeze-up and earlier break-up, leading to a lengthened open water period for all of the communities examined.

  15. Early Cambrian wave-formed shoreline deposits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmensen, Lars B; Glad, Aslaug Clemmensen; Pedersen, Gunver Krarup

    2017-01-01

    -preserved subaqueous dunes and wave ripples indicates deposition in a wave-dominated upper shoreface (littoral zone) environment, and the presence of interference ripples indicates that the littoral zone environment experienced water level fluctuations due to tides and/or changing meteorological conditions. Discoidal....... During this period, wave-formed shoreline sediments (the Vik Member, Hardeberga Formation) were deposited on Bornholm and are presently exposed at Strøby quarry. The sediments consist of fine- and medium-grained quartz-cemented arenites in association with a few silt-rich mudstones. The presence of well...

  16. Sund Sommerskole på Campus Aarhus Nord, VIA University College 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kirsten Haugaard; Dam, Lilli; Gjellerod, Alice

    2013-01-01

    Municipality care hotel Vikærgården studying how the use of health technology can empower patients’ lives. Also the students were challenged with theories about Health Pedagogics and ethics in order to take positions to health technology. Especially the students highlighted the possibility to discuss...... the future of their profession and to benefit from the cultural diversity in the summer school. Keywords: summer School; health education; technology; empowerment......VIA’s International Health Summer school 2013 focused on Health Technology and Health Pedagogics. 41 Interprofessional health students from 10 different countries participated and contributed to a differentiated cultural approach to health technology and health. The students visited Aarhus...

  17. New remuneration models for electricity supply from autoproducers: Cost-orientated, including capacity charge, on a private-enterprise basis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zybell, G.

    1995-01-01

    Co-operation between industrial autoproducers and the public utilities has a long tradition in Germany. This is particularly the case in combined heat and power generation. In 1993 electricity supplied by third parties contributed with approximately 14% to electricity demand coverage. This is (as in Italy) the next highest proportion in the EU. In 1994 the industry's associations -BDI, VIK and VDEW - agreed upon new remuneration models for electricity supplied by combined heat and power stations and plants on the basis of renewable energies. Additionally, principles agreed upon in 1979 were further developed. (orig.) [de

  18. Uncommon Law: Understanding and Quantifying the Sovereign Citizen Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Hurley,” YouTube video, 1:23, posted by “gatsby,” April 16, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1DqdbX4AK0. 149 Manuel Ramos, “2 charged in attempt...funnymoney23_1_bank-of-america-kissimmee- cruz . 150 Vik Jolly, “O.C. tax preparer pleads guilty to placing false liens,” Orange County Register, June 7...of ‘Sacrifices.’” Southern Poverty Law Center, June 9, 2014. Ramos, Manuel . “2 charged in attempt to con $214 million from bank.” Orlando Sentinel

  19. Progress report 1978/79

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report emphasizes a few central points of interest to be found in the activities of the VIK whose tasks are primarily to promote in general the energy industry, unholding its members common interests in energy management. The following subjects are dealt with: 1. Avoidance of a power gap as a common task for industry and politics 2. Power industry legislation, legislation governing power supply contracts, cartel laws, legislation governing the protection against nuisances, and water legislation 3. Power generation and fuels and 4. Further developments in the field of steam generators and power plants, focusing especially nuclear power stations. The final part of the report is dedicated to the cooperation between members and to public relations. (UA) [de

  20. Strategy as a Virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Obed Madsen, Søren

    This article is based on virus theory (Røvik, 2007, 2011), and proposes to develop a framework that defines technology as a virus that penetrates the organism of an organization. The framework develops a new vocabulary, which can help in analyzing technologies and their negative effects on actors...... and organizations. In this paper, the virus theory is used to analyze a strategy process in an organization as an example of a technology. It shows how the strategy over time creates a memory loss, where the managers who are exposed to the virus forget their critique of the new strategy concept. The article also...... shows how resistant can be understood as being immune to a virus, since the strategy concepts bears resemblance to a former strategy concept. The article also argues that there should be more focus on the negative impacts of management tool and especially how organizations and managers are dealing...

  1. How to Recycle Ourselves through Art: Rubbish Inspirations in Contemporary Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Aykanat

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article will focus on the work of two contemporary artists; of Vik Muniz and Jeff Wall, to discuss the change of material and inspiration in contemporary art and the effects of this change. Both of those two artists take rubbish, human waste, masses of debris which have been thought to be the end-products, useless residue of human actions and civilization, and then they transform those so-called dead materials into original artistic products. In a way, they use those dead materials for an artistic rebirth. Through Muniz’s re-makings of famous art works through junk materials, or by way of Wall’s completely new interpretations of the already existing and useless trash provide both literary and symbolic recycle for the contemporary society.

  2. Cooling towers - terms and definitions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-02-01

    In the field of cooling tower construction and operation, the use of publications has shown that a systematic glossary has not yet been developed. Therefore a dictionary of the terms used in this field, together with their clear definitions, is urgently required. This work has been started by the V.I.K. (Association for the Industrial Power Economy) in Essen and completed by the VDI-Group 'Energy Engineering'. Because of the strong international links and the increasing overseas trade in this field also the corresponding terms in other languages, English, French and Spanish are included. As to make it possible to find the German terms and definitions when starting from a foreign language, alphabetical lists are included for the various languages giving the number of the corresponding German term. In such cases where the technical term used in the United States is not identical with the corresponding term used in the United Kingdom, both terms are included. (orig./HP) [de

  3. Parenting Skillls in two Contexts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Tanja

    2015-01-01

    In modern welfare states it is becoming more and more common to work with parents in different set-tings with different goals and means (Miller, Skov & Larsen 2013) to improve their skills as parents. How do professionels work with parenting skills? What are their thoughts about methods...... are inspired by the American Early Intervention-tradition (Vik 2014, p.2). The programs are characterized by behavioristic theory, where the underlying assumption is that parents will develop better parenting skills if they just follow a program with very detailed and prefabricated manuals. To do that......, they need support from professionals to stick to the program and encourage the work. The empirical studies are investigating how an approach inspired by principles from ICDP in two different settings meets the challenges in practice? This program is not evident based in the same way as the others mentioned...

  4. The occurrence of ice production in slightly supercooled Arctic stratiform clouds as observed by ground-based remote sensors at the ARM NSA site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Damao; Wang, Zhien; Luo, Tao; Yin, Yan; Flynn, Connor

    2017-03-01

    Ice particle formation in slightly supercooled stratiform clouds is not well documented or understood. In this study, 4 years of combined lidar depolarization and radar reflectivity (Ze) measurements are analyzed to distinguish between cold drizzle and ice crystal formations in slightly supercooled Arctic stratiform clouds over the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility North Slope of Alaska Utqiaġvik ("Barrow") site. Ice particles are detected and statistically shown to be responsible for the strong precipitation in slightly supercooled Arctic stratiform clouds at cloud top temperatures as high as -4°C. For ice precipitating Arctic stratiform clouds, the lidar particulate linear depolarization ratio (δpar_lin) correlates well with radar Ze at each temperature range, but the δpar_lin-Ze relationship varies with temperature ranges. In addition, lidar depolarization and radar Ze observations of ice generation characteristics in Arctic stratiform clouds are consistent with laboratory-measured temperature-dependent ice growth habits.

  5. Crystal structure of the Candida albicans Kar3 kinesin motor domain fused to maltose-binding protein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delorme, Caroline; Joshi, Monika; Allingham, John S.

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► The Candida albicans Kar3 motor domain structure was solved as a maltose-binding protein fusion. ► The electrostatic surface and part of the ATPase pocket of the motor domain differs markedly from other kinesins. ► The MBP–Kar3 interface highlights a new site for intramolecular or intermolecular interactions. -- Abstract: In the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans, the Kinesin-14 motor protein Kar3 (CaKar3) is critical for normal mitotic division, nuclear fusion during mating, and morphogenic transition from the commensal yeast form to the virulent hyphal form. As a first step towards detailed characterization of this motor of potential medical significance, we have crystallized and determined the X-ray structure of the motor domain of CaKar3 as a maltose-binding protein (MBP) fusion. The structure shows strong conservation of overall motor domain topology to other Kar3 kinesins, but with some prominent differences in one of the motifs that compose the nucleotide-binding pocket and the surface charge distribution. The MBP and Kar3 modules are arranged such that MBP interacts with the Kar3 motor domain core at the same site where the neck linker of conventional kinesins docks during the “ATP state” of the mechanochemical cycle. This site differs from the Kar3 neck–core interface in the recent structure of the ScKar3Vik1 heterodimer. The position of MBP is also completely distinct from the Vik1 subunit in this complex. This may suggest that the site of MBP interaction on the CaKar3 motor domain provides an interface for the neck, or perhaps a partner subunit, at an intermediate state of its motile cycle that has not yet been observed for Kinesin-14 motors.

  6. Crystal structure of the Candida albicans Kar3 kinesin motor domain fused to maltose-binding protein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delorme, Caroline; Joshi, Monika [Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen' s University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6 (Canada); Allingham, John S., E-mail: allinghj@queensu.ca [Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen' s University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6 (Canada)

    2012-11-30

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Candida albicans Kar3 motor domain structure was solved as a maltose-binding protein fusion. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The electrostatic surface and part of the ATPase pocket of the motor domain differs markedly from other kinesins. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The MBP-Kar3 interface highlights a new site for intramolecular or intermolecular interactions. -- Abstract: In the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans, the Kinesin-14 motor protein Kar3 (CaKar3) is critical for normal mitotic division, nuclear fusion during mating, and morphogenic transition from the commensal yeast form to the virulent hyphal form. As a first step towards detailed characterization of this motor of potential medical significance, we have crystallized and determined the X-ray structure of the motor domain of CaKar3 as a maltose-binding protein (MBP) fusion. The structure shows strong conservation of overall motor domain topology to other Kar3 kinesins, but with some prominent differences in one of the motifs that compose the nucleotide-binding pocket and the surface charge distribution. The MBP and Kar3 modules are arranged such that MBP interacts with the Kar3 motor domain core at the same site where the neck linker of conventional kinesins docks during the 'ATP state' of the mechanochemical cycle. This site differs from the Kar3 neck-core interface in the recent structure of the ScKar3Vik1 heterodimer. The position of MBP is also completely distinct from the Vik1 subunit in this complex. This may suggest that the site of MBP interaction on the CaKar3 motor domain provides an interface for the neck, or perhaps a partner subunit, at an intermediate state of its motile cycle that has not yet been observed for Kinesin-14 motors.

  7. Survival curves to support quality improvement in hospitals with excess 30-day mortality after acute myocardial infarction, cerebral stroke and hip fracture: a before-after study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristoffersen, Doris Tove; Helgeland, Jon; Waage, Halfrid Persdatter; Thalamus, Jacob; Clemens, Dirk; Lindman, Anja Schou; Rygh, Liv Helen; Tjomsland, Ole

    2015-03-25

    To evaluate survival curves (Kaplan-Meier) as a means of identifying areas in the clinical pathway amenable to quality improvement. Observational before-after study. In Norway, annual public reporting of nationwide 30-day in-and-out-of-hospital mortality (30D) for three medical conditions started in 2011: first time acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke and hip fracture; reported for 2009. 12 of 61 hospitals had statistically significant lower/higher mortality compared with the hospital mean. Three hospitals with significantly higher mortality requested detailed analyses for quality improvement purposes: Telemark Hospital Trust Skien (AMI and stroke), Østfold Hospital Trust Fredrikstad (stroke), Innlandet Hospital Trust Gjøvik (hip fracture). Survival curves, crude and risk-adjusted 30D before (2008-2009) and after (2012-2013). Unadjusted survival curves for the outlier hospitals were compared to curves based on pooled data from the other hospitals for the 30-day period 2008-2009. For patients admitted with AMI (Skien), stroke (Fredrikstad) and hip fracture (Gjøvik), the curves suggested increased mortality from the initial part of the clinical pathway. For stroke (Skien), increased mortality appeared after about 8 days. The curve profiles were thought to reflect suboptimal care in various phases in the clinical pathway. This informed improvement efforts. For 2008-2009, hospital-specific curves differed from other hospitals: borderline significant for AMI (p=0.064), highly significant (p≤0.005) for the remainder. After intervention, no difference was found (p>0.188). Before-after comparison of the curves within each hospital revealed a significant change for Fredrikstad (p=0.006). For the three hospitals, crude 30D declined and they were non-outliers for risk-adjusted 30D for 2013. Survival curves as a supplement to 30D may be useful for identifying suboptimal care in the clinical pathway, and thus informing design of quality improvement projects

  8. Horizontal and vertical structure of reactive bromine events probed by bromine monoxide MAX-DOAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. R. Simpson

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Heterogeneous photochemistry converts bromide (Br− to reactive bromine species (Br atoms and bromine monoxide, BrO that dominate Arctic springtime chemistry. This phenomenon has many impacts such as boundary-layer ozone depletion, mercury oxidation and deposition, and modification of the fate of hydrocarbon species. To study environmental controls on reactive bromine events, the BRomine, Ozone, and Mercury EXperiment (BROMEX was carried out from early March to mid-April 2012 near Barrow (Utqiaġvik, Alaska. We measured horizontal and vertical gradients in BrO with multiple-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS instrumentation at three sites, two mobile and one fixed. During the campaign, a large crack in the sea ice (an open lead formed pushing one instrument package ∼ 250 km downwind from Barrow (Utqiaġvik. Convection associated with the open lead converted the BrO vertical structure from a surface-based event to a lofted event downwind of the lead influence. The column abundance of BrO downwind of the re-freezing lead was comparable to upwind amounts, indicating direct reactions on frost flowers or open seawater was not a major reactive bromine source. When these three sites were separated by ∼ 30 km length scales of unbroken sea ice, the BrO amount and vertical distributions were highly correlated for most of the time, indicating the horizontal length scales of BrO events were typically larger than ∼ 30 km in the absence of sea ice features. Although BrO amount and vertical distribution were similar between sites most of the time, rapid changes in BrO with edges significantly smaller than this ∼ 30 km length scale episodically transported between the sites, indicating BrO events were large but with sharp edge contrasts. BrO was often found in shallow layers that recycled reactive bromine via heterogeneous reactions on snowpack. Episodically, these surface-based events propagated aloft when

  9. The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Maahn

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to their importance for the radiation budget, liquid-containing clouds are a key component of the Arctic climate system. Depending on season, they can cool or warm the near-surface air. The radiative properties of these clouds depend strongly on cloud drop sizes, which are governed in part by the availability of cloud condensation nuclei. Here, we investigate how cloud drop sizes are modified in the presence of local emissions from industrial facilities at the North Slope of Alaska. For this, we use aircraft in situ observations of clouds and aerosols from the 5th Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE ARM Program's Airborne Carbon Measurements (ACME-V campaign obtained in summer 2015. Comparison of observations from an area with petroleum extraction facilities (Oliktok Point with data from a reference area relatively free of anthropogenic sources (Utqiaġvik/Barrow represents an opportunity to quantify the impact of local industrial emissions on cloud properties. In the presence of local industrial emissions, the mean effective radii of cloud droplets are reduced from 12.2 to 9.4 µm, which leads to suppressed drizzle production and precipitation. At the same time, concentrations of refractory black carbon and condensation nuclei are enhanced below the clouds. These results demonstrate that the effects of anthropogenic pollution on local climate need to be considered when planning Arctic industrial infrastructure in a warming environment.

  10. Self-regulation and New Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehmann, Martin; Christensen, Per; Larsen, Jesper M.

    2004-01-01

    Moving from largely command and control measures in the 70s and 80s, through cleaner production and self-regulatory initiatives in the 90s, the emphasis in the new millennium is more on using networks and partnerships as levers for promoting a greening of industry. In terms of public-private part......Moving from largely command and control measures in the 70s and 80s, through cleaner production and self-regulatory initiatives in the 90s, the emphasis in the new millennium is more on using networks and partnerships as levers for promoting a greening of industry. In terms of public......-private partnerships, one of the foremost Danish initiatives is the Green Network, which currently involves more than 200 companies and 10 public bodies. Fundamentally, it aims at providing new forms of cooperation between public authorities and private companies. The vehicle for this was initially an environmental...... capacities that define it. An evaluation of Green Network reveals that the five capacities outlined in Røvik?s theory are all present. Green Network has exhibited a remarkable ability to keep up with trends in the development of the idea of ecological transformation. They have been able to keep pace with all...

  11. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

    OpenAIRE

    Gürsoy, Ayşe; Şenel, Ebru; Gürsel, Asuman; Deveci, Organ; Karademir, Ebru; Yaman, Şenay

    2001-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ) de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. gü...

  12. Doğrudan Yabancı Yatırımlar-Vergi İlişkisi: Bazı Avrupa Birliği Ülkeleri ve Türkiye

    OpenAIRE

    YAVUZ, Ali; ÇİÇEK, Serdar

    2010-01-01

    Küreselleşen dünyada bireylerin, piyasaların ve sermayenin özgürleşmesi doğrudan ve dolaylı sermayeyi çekme konusunda ülkeleri kıyasıya bir rekabet içine sokmaktadır. Özellikle üretimi ve istihdamı artırıcı etkileri bulunan doğrudan yatırımları kendisine çekmek isteyen gelişmekte olan ülkeler, vergi politikalarını tekrar gözden geçirmekte ve başta vergi teşvikleri olmak üzere birtakım teşvik tedbirleri uygulamaktadır. Bu süreçte bazı ülkeler daha ön plana çıkarken bazı ülkeler istedikleri baş...

  13. The future of industrial CHIP in Germany, including the tertiary sector. Papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radgen, P; Schmid, C; Mannsbart, W; Jochem, E

    2000-07-01

    In 1998 the electricity production in industrial installations in Germany was about 40 TWh. This accounts for 66% of the total electricity production with CHP plants in Germany. The presentation will analyse the developments for industrial CHP throughout the last 10 years and will try to explain the developments. The difficult situation for the industrial CHP shows up from the sharp decrease of the total installed capacity by about 2000 MW during 1996 and 1998, already in approach of the full liberalisation of the electricity market in Germany, which has resulted in further and even more plant shut downs. Based on a survey of the German Association of Industrial Autoproducers and Energy Consumers (VIK) plants with a total capacity of 500 MW were closed down in 1999, and about 60% of the industrial CHP installation are facing serious economic problems. The presentation will show some sample economic calculations for different types of plants (Coal fired steam turbines, gas turbines, IC-engines). These results will be compared to the actual energy cost structures for industrial customers. Based on large over capacity in power generation, the offered electricity prices for industrial customers tend to be in the range off the operating cost of the industrial CHP plants. One way out of this dilemma is sometimes the outsourcing and contracting of CHP installations, which has been and still is a growing business in Germany, and utilities regard these options as a possibility to keep their industrial customers. (orig.)

  14. سینمای ایران

    OpenAIRE

    EMAMİ, SABER

    2016-01-01

    Bu makale'de başlangıçtan İran İslâm devrimi ve İran-Irak savaşına kadar İran sineması incelenmiştir. Sinema tekniği Kaçar Şahı Nâsıruddîn Şah ve oğlu Muzafferüddin Şah’ın Avrupaya seferleriyle, çağdaş uygarlık ürünü olarak İran’a getirildi. Farsça ilk sesli sinema Rıza Şah zamanında “Dohter-i Lor: Lor Kızı” adlı film ile başladı. Ardından devlet tarafından teşvik edilen bir sinema, “olay”, “ahlak”, “müzik” ve “cinsel cazibe” ögelerine danyanarak şekillenmiştir. Bu sinema, daha çok dinse...

  15. Active molecular iodine photochemistry in the Arctic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raso, Angela R W; Custard, Kyle D; May, Nathaniel W; Tanner, David; Newburn, Matt K; Walker, Lawrence; Moore, Ronald J; Huey, L G; Alexander, Liz; Shepson, Paul B; Pratt, Kerri A

    2017-09-19

    During springtime, the Arctic atmospheric boundary layer undergoes frequent rapid depletions in ozone and gaseous elemental mercury due to reactions with halogen atoms, influencing atmospheric composition and pollutant fate. Although bromine chemistry has been shown to initiate ozone depletion events, and it has long been hypothesized that iodine chemistry may contribute, no previous measurements of molecular iodine (I 2 ) have been reported in the Arctic. Iodine chemistry also contributes to atmospheric new particle formation and therefore cloud properties and radiative forcing. Here we present Arctic atmospheric I 2 and snowpack iodide (I - ) measurements, which were conducted near Utqiaġvik, AK, in February 2014. Using chemical ionization mass spectrometry, I 2 was observed in the atmosphere at mole ratios of 0.3-1.0 ppt, and in the snowpack interstitial air at mole ratios up to 22 ppt under natural sunlit conditions and up to 35 ppt when the snowpack surface was artificially irradiated, suggesting a photochemical production mechanism. Further, snow meltwater I - measurements showed enrichments of up to ∼1,900 times above the seawater ratio of I - /Na + , consistent with iodine activation and recycling. Modeling shows that observed I 2 levels are able to significantly increase ozone depletion rates, while also producing iodine monoxide (IO) at levels recently observed in the Arctic. These results emphasize the significance of iodine chemistry and the role of snowpack photochemistry in Arctic atmospheric composition, and imply that I 2 is likely a dominant source of iodine atoms in the Arctic.

  16. Automatic annotation of lecture videos for multimedia driven pedagogical platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shariq Imran

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Today’s eLearning websites are heavily loaded with multimedia contents, which are often unstructured, unedited, unsynchronized, and lack inter-links among different multimedia components. Hyperlinking different media modality may provide a solution for quick navigation and easy retrieval of pedagogical content in media driven eLearning websites. In addition, finding meta-data information to describe and annotate media content in eLearning platforms is challenging, laborious, prone to errors, and time-consuming task. Thus annotations for multimedia especially of lecture videos became an important part of video learning objects. To address this issue, this paper proposes three major contributions namely, automated video annotation, the 3-Dimensional (3D tag clouds, and the hyper interactive presenter (HIP eLearning platform. Combining existing state-of-the-art SIFT together with tag cloud, a novel approach for automatic lecture video annotation for the HIP is proposed. New video annotations are implemented automatically providing the needed random access in lecture videos within the platform, and a 3D tag cloud is proposed as a new way of user interaction mechanism. A preliminary study of the usefulness of the system has been carried out, and the initial results suggest that 70% of the students opted for using HIP as their preferred eLearning platform at Gjøvik University College (GUC.

  17. The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maahn, Maximilian; de Boer, Gijs; Creamean, Jessie M.; Feingold, Graham; McFarquhar, Greg M.; Wu, Wei; Mei, Fan

    2017-12-01

    Due to their importance for the radiation budget, liquid-containing clouds are a key component of the Arctic climate system. Depending on season, they can cool or warm the near-surface air. The radiative properties of these clouds depend strongly on cloud drop sizes, which are governed in part by the availability of cloud condensation nuclei. Here, we investigate how cloud drop sizes are modified in the presence of local emissions from industrial facilities at the North Slope of Alaska. For this, we use aircraft in situ observations of clouds and aerosols from the 5th Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE ARM) Program's Airborne Carbon Measurements (ACME-V) campaign obtained in summer 2015. Comparison of observations from an area with petroleum extraction facilities (Oliktok Point) with data from a reference area relatively free of anthropogenic sources (Utqiaġvik/Barrow) represents an opportunity to quantify the impact of local industrial emissions on cloud properties. In the presence of local industrial emissions, the mean effective radii of cloud droplets are reduced from 12.2 to 9.4 µm, which leads to suppressed drizzle production and precipitation. At the same time, concentrations of refractory black carbon and condensation nuclei are enhanced below the clouds. These results demonstrate that the effects of anthropogenic pollution on local climate need to be considered when planning Arctic industrial infrastructure in a warming environment.

  18. Role of Ayurveda in the conservative management of avascular necrosis of the femoral head: A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaturvedi, Ashutosh; Kumar, M Ashvini; Lohith, B A; Praveen, B S; Swathi, C

    2016-01-01

    Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is the most common type of necrosis affecting the bones. Management of AVN aims at the preservation of structure, function and relief of from pain. Many surgical procedures such as drilling and insertion of bone grafts, modified Whitman or Colonna reconstruction and insertion of prosthesis are carried out to remedy the condition but all these procedures are costly with the prognosis being poor. Signs and symptoms of Avascular necrosis are nearer to asthivāha srotoduṣṭi vikāra (disorders of musculoskeletal origin) and can be considered with gambhīra avasthā (chronic stage). An effort has been made in the present study to evaluate the efficiency of Ayurvedic formulations in the conservative management of AVN of the femoral head. A case of AVN with bilateral femoral head was treated with rūkṣaṇa (Drying therapy) followed by śodhana (bio purification) and bṛhmaṇa (rejuvenation). Patient was observed for complications during whole course of treatment, untoward complications were not seen. Patient was observed for symptomatic improvements based on assessment done by the questionnaire over graded signs and symptoms before and after treatment. The results were encouraging. The therapy provided marked relief from pain, tenderness, stiffness and improvement in the gait. Conservative management of AVN through Ayurvedic principles provides significant relief and improves quality of life.

  19. Role of Ayurveda in the conservative management of avascular necrosis of the femoral head: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashutosh Chaturvedi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Avascular necrosis (AVN of the femoral head is the most common type of necrosis affecting the bones. Management of AVN aims at the preservation of structure, function and relief of from pain. Many surgical procedures such as drilling and insertion of bone grafts, modified Whitman or Colonna reconstruction and insertion of prosthesis are carried out to remedy the condition but all these procedures are costly with the prognosis being poor. Signs and symptoms of Avascular necrosis are nearer to asthivāha srotoduşṃi vikāra (disorders of musculoskeletal origin and can be considered with gambhīra avasthā (chronic stage. An effort has been made in the present study to evaluate the efficiency of Ayurvedic formulations in the conservative management of AVN of the femoral head. A case of AVN with bilateral femoral head was treated with rūkşaṃa (Drying therapy followed by śodhana (bio purification and bṃhmaṃa (rejuvenation. Patient was observed for complications during whole course of treatment, untoward complications were not seen. Patient was observed for symptomatic improvements based on assessment done by the questionnaire over graded signs and symptoms before and after treatment. The results were encouraging. The therapy provided marked relief from pain, tenderness, stiffness and improvement in the gait. Conservative management of AVN through Ayurvedic principles provides significant relief and improves quality of life.

  20. DEVLET DEMİRYOLLARINDA SPORTİF FAALİYETLER VE ADANA DEMİRSPOR KULÜBÜ

    OpenAIRE

    ÇANAK, Erdem

    2015-01-01

    Cumhuriyetin ilk yıllarında sağlıklı nesillerin yetişmesi/yetiştirilmesi için sportif faaliyetlere büyük önem verilmiştir. Hatta bu faaliyetlerin düzenli bir şekilde yapılabilmesi için de kulüpleşme faaliyetleri teşvik edilmiştir. Dönemin önemli müesseseleri de kurmuş oldukları spor kulüpleriyle bu sürece katkıda bulunmuşlardır. Bu müesseselerden birisi olan Devlet Demiryolları da “Demirspor” adıyla çeşitli kulüpler kurmuştur. Bu kulüpler sayesinde müessesenin işçileri düzenli bir şekilde spo...

  1. KURUMLARDA YARATICILIK ÜZERİNE BİR ÇALIŞMA - A STUDY ON CREATIVITY IN ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neslihan OKAKIN

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetGünümüzde bilgiye kolay ulaşılmakla birlikte önemli olan, bilgiler arasında yeni bağlantılar kurmaktır. Bu yaratıcılığın en temel tanımını oluşturmaktadır. Yaratıcılık herkes tarafından sergilenemese dahi, yapılan araştırmalar herkesin yaratıcılığını geliştirebileceğini göstermektedir. Bu çalışmada yaratıcılık tanımından başlanarak, bireysel ve kurumsal yaratıcılığı etkileyen tüm faktörler üzerinde durulmuştur ve yaratıcılığı geliştiren teknikler detaylı olarak incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın konusunu kurumlarda yaratıcılığın nasıl uygulandığı ve teşvik edildiği oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmanın araştırma evrenini Capital Dergisi tarafından 2009 yılında belirlenen Türkiye’nin en inovatif yirmi şirketi oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışmada kurumların yaratıcılık adına ne yaptıkları, neyi teşvik ettikleri ve daha başka nelerin yapılabileceğine ilişkin veriler sunularak tartışılmıştır.AbstractNowadays, it’s easy to access information, nonetheless the important part is to establish new connections between the information. This is the most basic definition of the creativity. In this study, the factors which affect individual and organizational creativity to be examined starting from the definition of the creativity and techniques which enhance individual and group creativity to be examined in detail. Finally, a research takes place expressing how creativity is implemented and promoted in the organizations. The research enviroment in this study is composed by Turkey’s most innovative twenty companies determined by Capital magazine in 2009. In this study, what the organizations do, promote and what else can be done in the name of creativity tobe discussed by presenting related data.

  2. ENERJİ VE ÇEVRE: ALTERNATİF ENERJİ KAYNAKLARININ İNCELENMESİ-ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A REVIEW OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan BAYKAL

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available İklim değişikleri insanoğlunun günümüzde karşılaştığı en büyük sorunlardan biri olarak sayılmaktadır. Dünya’nın giderek artan enerji gereksinimleri küresel çevreyi tehlikeye atmaktadır. Ülkeler tarafından enerji üretmek için kullanılan fosilli yakıtlara olan bağımlılık, dünyanın iklimini tehdit etmektedir.  Fosilli yakıtlar tarafından üretilen enerjinin kullanımının yarattığı olumsuz etkiler, dünya ülkelerinin temiz ve yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarını geliştirmesi ve teşvik etmesinin gerekliliğini açıkça ortaya koymuştur. Dünyanın geleceği, karbondioksitin azaltılması ve temiz güç ile sürdürülebilirlik üzerinde yoğunlaşan alternatif enerjiye bağlıdır. Bu konular, çevresel olarak güvenli ve ekonomik olarak verimli olan alternatif enerji kaynaklarının geliştirilmesini ve kullanımını teşvik etmiştir. Bu çalışma çeşitli alternatif enerji kaynaklarını kapsayan verileri ve bu kaynakların uygulanması ile ilgili gelişmeleri gözden geçirecektir.- One of the greatest challenges facing humanity today has been identified as climate change. The world’s ever increasing energy requirements are endangering the global environment. The overall dependence on fossil fuels to generate power throughout the nations is threatening the climate across the planet. The negative effects created by the use of fossil fuel generated power have made it apparently clear that the nations of the world need to develop and promote clean and renewable energy sources.  The future of the Earth is dependent on the reduction of carbon dioxide and alternative energy that focuses on clean power and sustainability.  Together these issues have encouraged the development and the use of alternative energy that is environmentally safe and economically effective. This study presents and reviews data covering various alternative energy sources and the progress of their perspective applications.

  3. Statutes of Limitation for Sexual Offenses Against Children Fyrning kynferðisbrota gegn börnum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svala Ísfeld Ólafsdóttir

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract in English is unavailable.Hér á eftir er rakinn aðdragandi þeirra breytinga sem gerðar voru á fyrningarreglum almennra hegningarlaga vegna kynferðisbrota gegn börnum síðasta vor með lögum nr. 61/2007. Ein þeirra fól í sér að alvarleg kynferðisbrot gegn börnum fyrnast nú ekki. Frá refsipólitísku og afbrotafræðilegu sjónarmiði er þessi breyting athyglisverð. Í henni felst frávik frá þeirri stefnumörkun löggjafans til langs tíma að fækka ófyrnanlegum brotum og að eingöngu þau brot sem geta varðað ævilöngu fangelsi skuli vera ófyrnanleg. Ekkert þeirra kynferðisbrota sem breytingin tekur til getur varðað svo þungri refsingu. Breytingin átti sér langan aðdraganda, þótt svo mætti virðast af ferli málsins á Alþingi vorið 2007 að hana hafi borið brátt að. Fjöldi frumvarpa sem að þessu snúa hefur verið lagður fram á Alþingi síðari ár og umræður á þeim vettvangi um eðli kynferðisbrota gegn börnum, rannsóknir fagfólks og reynslusögur fórnarlamba kynferðisbrota og lýsingar þeirra á afleiðingum brotanna á lífshlaup sitt, skýra þetta frávik frá meginstefnu löggjafans að verulegu leyti. Ákvörðunin var tekin eftir mikil skoðanaskipti og umræður. Aðdragandinn sýnir að breytingin byggist á sérstöku eðli þessara brota og felur í sér áherslu á alvarlegar og langvarandi afleiðingar þeirra fyrir fórnarlömbin, sem taldar eru vega þyngra en almenn rök að baki fyrningarreglum um réttarstöðu brotamanns, erfiðleika við rannsókn brotanna og sönnun. Á hinn bóginn má vera að vegna þessara vandkvæða feli breytingin fyrst og fremst í sér táknræna viðurkenningu löggjafans á alvarleika brotanna, fremur en að hún eigi eftir að hafa mikla raunhæfa þýðingu.

  4. Sebze Püresi ile Üretilen Yoğurtların Tekstürel ve Duyusal Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi

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    Tülay Özcan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada kontrol (K; balkabağı (YBK, havuç (YHA, bezelye (YBE ve yeşil kabak püreli (YYK yoğurt olmak üzere 5 farklı set tipi yoğurt üretilmiştir. Sebzeli yoğurtlarda bulunan diyet liflerinin bakteri gelişmesini teşvik eden potansiyel etkisi sonucu Streptococcus thermophilus ile Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus sayılarının arttığı saptanmıştır. Yoğurtların sebze püreleri ile zenginleştirilmesinin pH, titrasyon asitliği, serum ayrılması, duyusal özelikler ile sertlik, iç yapışkanlık, konsistens ve viskozite indeksi gibi tekstürel özellikler üzerinde etkili olduğu gözlenmiştir. Havuç püresi ile üretilen yoğurtlarda viskozite, konsistens ve sertliğin yüksek olduğu saptanırken, yeşil kabak ilaveli olanlar daha zayıf tekstürel özellikler göstermiştir. Sonuç olarak sebze püresi ilavesinin set tipi yoğurtlarda tekstürel özelliklerinin iyileştirilmesi konusunda önemli rol oynadığı ve fonksiyonel süt ürünlerinin geliştirilmesinde kullanılabileceği belirlenmiştir.

  5. Fen Eğitiminde Öğrenme Döngüsü Modelleri

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    Yüksel Keleş

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Öğrenme döngüleri yapılandırıcı yaklaşımla fen eğitimi için geliştirilmiş modellerdir. Öğrenme döngüsü modelleri birbirini izleyen 3, 5 veya 7 evreden oluşmaktadır, bu evreler birbirinden ayrı ya da doğrusal değildir. Öğrenme döngüsü uygulamalarının yaratıcı ve eleştirel düşünme için öğrencileri teşvik etmesi ve bilime karşı olumlu tutum geliştirilmesi beklenmektedir. Kavramların daha iyi anlaşılmasına ve öğrencilerde ileri düşünme yeteneklerinin gelişmesine yardımcı olacağı düşünülmektedir. Bu makalede 5E ve 7E modellerinin her bir evresindeki öğrenci ve öğretmen rolleri üzerinde durulmaktadır. Model üzerinde gerçekleştirilen çalışmaların sonuçlarına dayanılarak modelin sağlayacağı olası faydalar tartışılmaktadır. Fen eğitiminde öğrenme döngüsü uygulamalarının yaygınlaştırılması amacıyla, öğretmen yetiştirme süreçlerinde öğrenme döngüsü modellerine yer verilmesi önerilmektedir.

  6. Yağ İçeriği Azaltılmış Beyaz Peynir Üretiminde Isıl İşlem Uygulanan Lactobacillus helveticus ve Lactobacillus bulgaricus Kültürlerinin Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Gürsoy

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yağ içeriği azaltılmış Beyaz peynir örneklerinde, proteolizi teşvik ederek olgunlaşmayı hızlandırmak ve böylece yapı ve tadı iyileştirmek amacıyla, isti işlem uygulanan L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kültürlerinden yararlanılmıştır. Bunun için kurumaddede %20 yağ içerecek şekilde peynir üretimi gerçekleştirilmiş, ayrıca karşılaştırma amacıyla yağlı peynir örneği (kurumaddede %40 yağ de üretilmiştir. Peynirler 7±1 °C'de olgunlaşmaya bırakılarak 0, 7, 15, 30, 60 ve 90. günlerde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal nitelikleri yönünden analiz edilmiştir. Isıl işlem uygulamasıyla yardımcı kültür haline getirilen L.helveticus ve L. bulgaricus kullanımı az yağlı beyaz peynir örneklerinin genel bileşimini etkilememiş olgunlaşmanın hızlandırılmasında da fazla etkili olmamıştır.

  7. Relationship between self-reported pain sensitivity and pain after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective study of 71 patients 8 weeks after a standardized fast-track

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeberg BT

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Berit T Valeberg,1 Lise H Høvik,2 Kari H Gjeilo3–6 1Faculty of Nursing, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, 2Clinic of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, 3Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 4Department of Cardiology, 5National Competence Centre for Complex Symptom Disorders, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, 6Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Background and purpose: This was a prospective cohort study assessing data from 71 adult patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA following a standardized fast-track program between January and July 2013. The objective was to examine the relationship between self-rated pain sensitivity, as measured by the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ, and postoperative pain after TKA. Methods: The baseline questionnaires, PSQ and Brief Pain Inventory, were given to the patients for self-administration at the presurgical evaluation (1–2 weeks prior to surgery. The follow-up questionnaire, Brief Pain Inventory, was administered at the first follow-up, 8 weeks after surgery. Results: A statistically significant association was found between average preoperative pain and average pain 8 weeks after surgery (P=0.001. The PSQ-minor was statistically significantly associated with average pain only for patients younger than 70 years (P=0.03. Interpretation: This is the first study to examine the relationship between pain sensitivity measured by PSQ and postoperative pain in patients after TKA. We found that a lower score on the PSQ-minor was statistically significantly associated with patients’ pain 8 weeks after TKA surgery, but only for younger patients. Further research is needed to explore whether the PSQ could be a useful screening tool for patients’ pain sensitivity in clinical settings. Keywords

  8. A Pulse of Mercury and Major Ions in Snowmelt Runoff from a Small Arctic Alaska Watershed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Thomas A; Sturm, Matthew; Blum, Joel D; Polashenski, Christopher; Stuefer, Svetlana; Hiemstra, Christopher; Steffen, Alexandra; Filhol, Simon; Prevost, Romain

    2017-10-03

    Atmospheric mercury (Hg) is deposited to Polar Regions during springtime atmospheric mercury depletion events (AMDEs) that require halogens and snow or ice surfaces. The fate of this Hg during and following snowmelt is largely unknown. We measured Hg, major ions, and stable water isotopes from the snowpack through the entire spring melt runoff period for two years. Our small (2.5 ha) watershed is near Barrow (now Utqiaġvik), Alaska. We measured discharge, made 10 000 snow depths, and collected over 100 samples of snow and meltwater for chemical analysis in 2008 and 2009 from the watershed snowpack and ephemeral stream channel. Results show an "ionic pulse" of mercury and major ions in runoff during both snowmelt seasons, but major ion and Hg runoff concentrations were roughly 50% higher in 2008 than in 2009. Though total discharge as a percent of total watershed snowpack water equivalent prior to the melt was similar in both years (36% in 2008 melt runoff and 34% in 2009), it is possible that record low precipitation in the summer of 2007 led to the higher major ion and Hg concentrations in 2008 melt runoff. Total dissolved Hg meltwater runoff of 14.3 (± 0.7) mg/ha in 2008 and 8.1 (± 0.4) mg/ha in 2009 is five to seven times higher than that reported from other arctic watersheds. We calculate 78% of snowpack Hg was exported with snowmelt runoff in 2008 and 41% in 2009. Our results suggest AMDE Hg complexed with Cl - or Br - may be less likely to be photochemically reduced and re-emitted to the atmosphere prior to snowmelt, and we estimate that roughly 25% of the Hg in snowmelt is attributable to AMDEs. Projected Arctic warming, with more open sea ice leads providing halogen sources that promote AMDEs, may provide enhanced Hg deposition, reduced Hg emission and, ultimately, an increase in snowpack and snowmelt runoff Hg concentrations.

  9. Observations of bromine monoxide transport in the Arctic sustained on aerosol particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. K. Peterson

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The return of sunlight in the polar spring leads to the production of reactive halogen species from the surface snowpack, significantly altering the chemical composition of the Arctic near-surface atmosphere and the fate of long-range transported pollutants, including mercury. Recent work has shown the initial production of reactive bromine at the Arctic surface snowpack; however, we have limited knowledge of the vertical extent of this chemistry, as well as the lifetime and possible transport of reactive bromine aloft. Here, we present bromine monoxide (BrO and aerosol particle measurements obtained during the March 2012 BRomine Ozone Mercury EXperiment (BROMEX near Utqiaġvik (Barrow, AK. The airborne differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS measurements provided an unprecedented level of spatial resolution, over 2 orders of magnitude greater than satellite observations and with vertical resolution unable to be achieved by satellite methods, for BrO in the Arctic. This novel method provided quantitative identification of a BrO plume, between 500 m and 1 km aloft, moving at the speed of the air mass. Concurrent aerosol particle measurements suggest that this lofted reactive bromine plume was transported and maintained at elevated levels through heterogeneous reactions on colocated supermicron aerosol particles, independent of surface snowpack bromine chemistry. This chemical transport mechanism explains the large spatial extents often observed for reactive bromine chemistry, which impacts atmospheric composition and pollutant fate across the Arctic region, beyond areas of initial snowpack halogen production. The possibility of BrO enhancements disconnected from the surface potentially contributes to sustaining BrO in the free troposphere and must also be considered in the interpretation of satellite BrO column observations, particularly in the context of the rapidly changing Arctic sea ice and snowpack.

  10. Yenilikçi Bir Fiyatlandırma Yöntemi Olarak Dilediğin Kadar Öde Fiyatlandırması

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    Dilaysu Çınar

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Artan teknolojik gelişim ve beraberinde tüketiciye sunulan yenilik ve kolaylıklar, firmaları da her geçen gün rekabet üstünlüğü elde edebilme amacıyla farklı uygulamalar yapmaya teşvik etmektedir. Firmaların tüketici nezdinde rakiplerine göre daha üstün olarak algılanması için çoğunlukla ürüne yönelik yenilikler getirdikleri gözlemlenmekle birlikte bunun tek başına yeterli olmayacağı aşikârdır. Bu sebeple, firmalar fiyat stratejileri konusunda da yenilikçi stratejileri gittikçe artan biçimde uygulamaya başlamıştır. Söz konusu stratejilerden en dikkat çekenlerden biri de dilediğin kadar öde fiyatlandırması yöntemidir. Bu yöntemde, satıcı fiyatın belirlenmesi yetkisini tamamen tüketiciye devretmektedir. Araştırmada dilediğin kadar öde fiyatlandırmasına ilişkin literatür incelemesi gerçekleştirilmiş ve söz konusu fiyatlandırma yönteminde ödeme gönüllülüğüne etki eden faktörler ortaya konulmuştur. Ek olarak, dilediğin kadar öde fiyatlandırması yöntemi teorik perspektiften ele alınmış

  11. Partnering International Universities to Enhance Climate Literacy through Interdisciplinary, Cross-Cultural Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    North, L. A.; Polk, J.; Strenecky, B.

    2015-12-01

    The climate change phenomenon will present complex, far-reaching challenges and opportunities, which will require leaders well-versed in interdisciplinary learning and international understanding. In an effort to develop the next generation of future leaders prepared for these challenges and opportunities, faculty from Western Kentucky University (WKU) and the University of Akureyri (UNAK), Iceland partnered to co-teach a course in climate change science and communication in Iceland. Students from both Institutions participated in the course to further enhance the cross-learning opportunity presented to the students. The 11-day course stationed out of three cities in Iceland, including Reykjavík, Vik, and Akureyri, the Icelandic gateway to the Arctic. In addition to undertaking field experiences such as hiking on glaciers, exploring ice caves, and touring geothermal plants, the group also hosted forums to discuss climate change with members of the Icelandic community, and completed The $100 Solution™ service-learning projects. A culminating point of the study abroad experience was a presentation by the students to persons from the University of Akureyri and representatives from the neighboring Icelandic communities about what they had learned about climate change science and communication during their travels. Through this experience, students were able to share their knowledge, which in turn gave them a deeper understanding of the issues they were learning throughout the study abroad program. In short, the program combined interdisciplinary learning, service-learning, and international understanding toward the goal of preparing the leaders of tomorrow with the skills to address climate change challenges.

  12. Secondary sulfate is internally mixed with sea spray aerosol and organic aerosol in the winter Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirpes, Rachel M.; Bondy, Amy L.; Bonanno, Daniel; Moffet, Ryan C.; Wang, Bingbing; Laskin, Alexander; Ault, Andrew P.; Pratt, Kerri A.

    2018-03-01

    Few measurements of aerosol chemical composition have been made during the winter-spring transition (following polar sunrise) to constrain Arctic aerosol-cloud-climate feedbacks. Herein, we report the first measurements of individual particle chemical composition near Utqiaġvik (Barrow), Alaska, in winter (seven sample days in January and February 2014). Individual particles were analyzed by computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (CCSEM-EDX, 24 847 particles), Raman microspectroscopy (300 particles), and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy with near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (STXM-NEXAFS, 290 particles). Sea spray aerosol (SSA) was observed in all samples, with fresh and aged SSA comprising 99 %, by number, of 2.5-7.5 µm diameter particles, 65-95 % from 0.5-2.5 µm, and 50-60 % from 0.1-0.5 µm, indicating SSA is the dominant contributor to accumulation and coarse-mode aerosol during the winter. The aged SSA particles were characterized by reduced chlorine content with 94 %, by number, internally mixed with secondary sulfate (39 %, by number, internally mixed with both nitrate and sulfate), indicative of multiphase aging reactions during transport. There was a large number fraction (40 % of 1.0-4.0 µm diameter particles) of aged SSA during periods when particles were transported from near Prudhoe Bay, consistent with pollutant emissions from the oil fields participating in atmospheric processing of aerosol particles. Organic carbon and sulfate particles were observed in all samples and comprised 40-50 %, by number, of 0.1-0.4 µm diameter particles, indicative of Arctic haze influence. Soot was internally mixed with organic and sulfate components. All sulfate was mixed with organic carbon or SSA particles. Therefore, aerosol sources in the Alaskan Arctic and resulting aerosol chemical mixing states need to be considered when predicting aerosol climate effects, particularly cloud

  13. Application of scientific criteria to food allergens of public health importance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Y J; Ronsmans, S; Crevel, R W R; Houben, G F; Rona, R J; Ward, R; Baka, A

    2012-11-01

    Scientific criteria for identifying allergenic foods of public health importance (Björkstén, B., Crevel, R., Hischenhuber, C., Løvik, M., Samuels, F., Strobel, S., Taylor, S.L., Wal, J.-M., Ward, R., 2008. Criteria for identifying allergenic foods of public health importance. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 51(1), 42-52) have been further refined to incorporate an assessment of the strength of available scientific evidence (van Bilsen, J.H., Ronsmans, S., Crevel, R.W., Rona, R.J., Przyrembel, H., Penninks, A.H., Contor, L., Houben, G.F., 2011. Evaluation of scientific criteria for identifying allergenic food of public health importance. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 60, 281-289). A multi-disciplinary group was invited to critically test the refined approach. They independently evaluated selected publications on coconut, soy and/or peanut allergy, scored them using the newly developed level of evidence criteria, and debated proposed approaches for combining and utilising the scores to measure the overall impact of an allergen in public health impact assessments. The evaluation of selected publications using the modified criteria produced a relatively consistent result across the experts. These refined criteria were judged to be a way forward for the identification of allergenic foods of public health importance, and for prioritisation of allergen risk management and future data gathering. The debate to combine available evidence when assessing whether an allergenic food is of sufficient public health importance to warrant active management led to proposals on how to weight and combine evidence on allergen severity, potency and prevalence. The refined criteria facilitate a debate to find a meaningful sequence of steps to summarise the available information in relation to a food allergen. Copyright © 2012 ILSI Europe. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Dinamik üretim sistemleri için kanban sayısının belirlenmesi: Bütünleşik bir yöntem

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    Özlem Uzun Araz

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Tam zamanında üretim sistemleri (TZÜ, işletmelerin doğru zamanda, müşterinin istediği miktarda üretim yapmalarına olanak sağlayan, böylelikle stoklarını azaltmaya teşvik eden bir yönetim felsefesidir. TZÜ felsefesinin en önemli parçası, malzeme hareketlerini gerçekleştirmek için kullanılan kanban sistemleridir. Kanban sistemlerinde, iş istasyonlarında kullanılacak kanban sayılarının belirlenmesi en temel problem olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Kullanılacak kanban sayıları üretim sisteminin performansı üzerinde etkilidir. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, Kanban sistemlerinde, kart sayılarının dinamik belirlenebilmesi için kullanılabilecek bir yöntem geliştirmektir. Önerilen yöntemin temelinde, üretim sisteminin anlık veri alınarak izlenmesi ve sistem durum değişkenlerinde meydana gelen farklılıkların dikkate alınarak Kanban sayılarının yeniden düzenlemesi yatmaktadır. Bu amaçla yapılan çalışmada benzetim, yapay sinir ağları ve Mamdani tipi bulanık çıkarsama sistemleri entegre edilerek bütünleşik bir dinamik kanban sayıları belirleme yöntemi geliştirilmiştir. Önerilen yöntem, benzetim ortamımda modellenen hipotetik bir üretim sistemine uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar, önerilen yöntemin verimliliğini ve etkinliğini göstermiştir.

  15. Bir Geçiş Ekonomisi Olarak Kırgızistan’da Doğrudan Yabancı Yatırımlar ve Orta Asya Ülkeleri İle Kıyaslanması(Foreign Direct Investments in Kyrgyzstan as a Transition Economy and Its Comparison with Central Asian Countries

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    Madina PASHALIEVA

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Sovyetler Birliği’nin dağılmasıyla bağımsızlığı ilan eden ve piyasa ekonomisine geçmeye çalışan ülkelere geçiş ekonomileri denilmektedir. Bu ülkelerden birisi olan Kırgızistan, Orta Asya bölgesindeki stratejik konumu, liberal ekonomisi ve ılımlı yaklaşımı itibariyle gün geçtikçe daha fazla dikkatleri üzerine çekmektedir. Geçiş döneminin izlerini üzerinden atmaya çalışan ülke, yabancı yatırımları teşvik etmek üzere ciddi yasal ve yapısal düzenleme ve uygulamalara gitmiştir. Bu çalışmada, Kırgızistan Cumhuriyeti’nde sürdürülebilir büyüme ve refahın arttırılması amacıyla uygulamaya konulan politikalar sayesinde ülkenin yabancı yatırımları hangi düzeyde çekebildiği ve bölge ülkeleri ile kıyaslandığında, durumunun ne olduğu ve sahip olduğu üstünlükler incelenmiştir. The countries which pronounced their independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and are endeavouring to shift to market economy are called transition economies. As one of these countries Kyrgyzstan is attracting more attention every other day due to its strategic position in Central Asia, its liberal economy and moderate approach. Trying to get rid of the traces of the transition period, this country has established serious legal and structural regulations and practices in order to promote foreign investments. This study deals with how much the Republic of Kyrgyzstan has managed to attract foreign investments thanks to the policies implemented for sustainable growth and improvement of welfare, and its status and superiorities when compared to other countries in the region.

  16. BÜTÜNLEŞİK PAZARLAMA FAALİYETLERİ İLE TURİZMİN VE YABANCI YATIRIMIN İLİŞKİLENDİRİLMESİ - ATTRACTING FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPING TOURISM THROUGH INTEGRATED MARKETING ACTIVITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aşkım TÜMBEK

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Bu çalışma ile bütünleşik pazarlama faaliyeti unsurlarıile turizm ve yabancı yatırım kavramlarının bağlantılarıirdelenmiştir.Çalışma kapsamında konu aşamalı olarak ele alınmıştır.Birinci bölümde Bütünleşik Pazarlama ve Yabancı YatırımKavramları incelenmiş, ikinci bölümde ise BütünleşikPazarlama Faaliyetleri ile Turizmin ve Yabancı Yatırımınİlişkilendirilmesi incelenmiştir. Bu kapsamda, BütünleşikPazarlama İletişimi Bileşenleri Yoluyla Turizmin GeliştirilerekYabancı Yatırımın Teşvik Edilmesi ele alınmıştır.Türkiye’nin pazarlanması konusunun değişik mecralardatartışılmaya başlandığı günümüzde Türkiye’nin ülke bazındave hatta şehir bazında yabancı sermayeyi çekebilecek şekildepazarlanması konusu ön plana çıkmaktadır. Bu anlamdaTürkiye’nin birbirinden farklı kültürel ve tarihi zenginliği vegeçmişe sahip illeri her geçen gün pazarlama uzmanlarıncakeşfedilmeye başlanmaktadır.Abstract:This study explicates the relations among integratedmarketing elements, tourism and foreign investment concepts.Within the framework of the article, the issue was handled inprogressive phases. In the first section, Integrated Marketingelements and foreign Investment concept were associated. Inthe second section, Integrated Marketing elements, Tourismand Foreign Investment concepts have been associated. In thisframe, ways of encouraging foreign investment by developingtourism and applying Integrated Marketing Elements havebeen handled and explicated.Today as the marketing of Turkey has been started to bediscussed on several platforms, ways of marketing Turkey orimportant cities of the country specifically have beenemphasized recently especially to increase the foreigninvestment. In this context, the cities of Turkey havingdifferent cultural and historical beauties are being discoveredby more and more important marketers day by day.

  17. Yerel E-Katılımın Yeni Aracı Olarak Sosyal Ağlar: Facebook ve Twitter Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levent MEMİŞ

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, son yıllarda örgütleri ve bireylerin iletişim veya etkileşim sürecine yeni bir hız kazandıran sosyal ağların, daha da özelde Facebook ve Twitter araçlarının, belediye örgütleri ve belediye başkanları düzeyinde, yerel kamusal politikalara katılım bağlamında, “ne düzeyde” ve “nasıl” kullanıldığının ortaya çıkarılmasına çalışılmıştır. Bu kapsamda, kişisel düzeyde 6 belediye başkanının Facebook ve 12 belediye başkanının Twitter; kurumsal düzeyde ise 22 belediyenin Facebook ve yine 22 belediyenin Twitter hesabı araştırma kapsamında niteliksel içerik analizi yöntemiyle incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın genel sonuçlarına göre, kişisel Twitter hesaplarında sorunları ileten/bilgi talep eden etkileşim öne çıkmakla birlikte, hesaplardaki üye sayısı dikkate alındığında sınırlı düzeyde etkileşimin olduğu, daha çok katılımın ilk evresi olarak kabul edilen bilgi aktaran, doğrudan katılımı teşvik etmeyen biçiminde kullanıldığı tespit edilmiştir.

  18. The De-Icing Comparison Experiment (D-ICE): A campaign for improving data retention rates of radiometric measurements under icing conditions in cold regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, C. J.; Morris, S. M.

    2017-12-01

    Longwave and shortwave radiative fluxes are fundamental quantities regularly observed globally using broadband radiometers. In cold climates, frost, rime, snow and ice (collectively, "icing") frequently builds up on sensor windows, contaminating measurements. Since icing occurs under particular meteorological conditions, associated data losses constitutes a climatological bias. Furthermore, the signal caused by ice is difficult to distinguish from that of clouds, hampering efforts to identify contaminated from real data in post-processing. Because of the sensitivity of radiometers to internal temperature instabilities, there are limitations to using heat as a de-icing method. The magnitude of this problem is indicated by the large number of research institutions and commercial vendors that have developed various de-icing strategies. The D-ICE campaign has been designed to bring together a large number of currently available systems to quantitatively evaluate and compare ice-migration strategies and also to characterize the potentially adverse effects of the techniques themselves. For D-ICE, a variety of automated approaches making use of ventilation, heating, modified housings and alcohol spray are being evaluated alongside standard units operating with only the regularly scheduled manual cleaning by human operators at the NOAA Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) station in Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow), Alaska. Previous experience within the BSRN community suggests that aspiration of ambient air alone may be sufficient to maintain ice-free radiometers without increasing measurement uncertainty during icing conditions, forming the main guiding hypothesis of the experiment. Icing on the sensors is monitored visually using cameras recording images every 15 minutes and quantitatively using an icing probe and met station. The effects of applied heat on infrared loss in pyranometers will be analyzed and the integrated effect of icing on monthly averages will be

  19. TÜRKİYE ÇİNGENELERİNİN POLİTİKLEŞMESİ VE ÖRGÜTLENME DENEYİMLERİ - THE POLITICIZATION OF THE GYPSIES IN TURKEY AND THEIR ORGANIZATION EXPERIMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Başak AKGÜL

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Türkiye’de Avrupa Birliği’ne uyum sürecindegerçekleştirilen reformlarla birlikte, örgütlenme özgürlüğününyasal alanı genişlemiş ve farklı kimliklere yeni ifade alanlarıaçılmıştır. Gerek bu sürecin bir ürünü olarak gündeme gelenimkanlar, gerekse kentsel dönüşüm projeleriyle beraberÇingenelerin yaşam alanının daralması, Çingene kimliğietrafında şekillenen bir örgütlenmeyi teşvik etmiştir. Buçalışmada, Türkiye’de yerel dernekler üzerinden gerçekleşenÇingene örgütlenmesinin genel seyri incelenmektedir. Bubağlamda, Avrupa’daki Çingene örgütlerinin genel eğilimininÇingeneleri etnik bir grup olarak değerlendirmek yönündeolduğu ve bir azınlık kimliğine atıf yaptığı, Türkiye Çingeneörgütlerinin ise topluluğu “Türk ulusunun bir parçası” olaraktanımladığı ve bu çerçevede ulusal vatandaşlık haklarınıntalebi ekseninde şekillenen bir duruş ortaya koyduğu iddiaedilmektedir.Abstract:Due to the reforms which were implemented inTurkey during the integration period with the EuropeanUnion, the legal sphere of the freedom of association wasextended and the representation of various identities wereenabled. The organizations that are based on Gypsy identityare one of the results of this process. Furthermore, therestriction of the Gypsies’ living space as a consequence ofurban transformation projects was one of the dynamics thatfostered their organization. In this study, the general story ofthe Gypsy organization in Turkey which was performedthrough the local associations is scrutinized. In this regard, itis asserted that, the Gypsy organizations in Europe evaluatethe Gypsies as an ethnic group and refer to a minority identity;whereas the Gypsy organizations in Turkey consider thecommunity as “a constituent of Turkish nation” and take aposition which is shaped within the framework of nationalcitizenship rights.

  20. Organik Gübre Kullanımının Yaygınlaştırılmasında Biogaz Üniteli Süt ve Besi Üretim Çiftlikleri Vasıtası ile ile Sözleşmeli Çiftçilik Modelinin Uygulanabilirliği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jülide ERKMEN

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ülkemizde mevcut süt ve besi işletmelerinin hayvansal yem ve maliyet girdilerinde problem yaşamaları, hayvansal yem üreticisinin ise hasat ettiği ürünü çoğu zaman elden çıkaramaması ekonomisi tarım ve hayvancılığa dayalı bölgelerde önemli bir sorun olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bununla birlikte biyogaz üniteli süt ve besi üretim çiftliklerinin biyogaz ünitelerinden elde edilen organik gübrenin yakın çevredeki hayvan yemi üreten çiftçiye dağıtılması ve karşılığında üretilen hayvansal yemin alınması suretiylegerçekleştirilecek sözleşmeli çiftçilik modeli, hem organik gübrenin yaygınlaştırılmasında hem de çevresel kirliliğe sebep olan hayvansal atık probleminin ortadan kaldırılmasında güçlü bir rol oynayacaktır. Ayrıca mevcut süt ve besi işletmeleri ile hayvansal yem üreticileri entegre edilerek üretilecek gübre yakın çevrede kullanılacağından paketleme ve pazarlama giderlerini ve ürünlerin elde kalma ihtimalini ortadan kaldıracaktır. Sonuç itibariyle özellikle kırsal bölgelerde biyogaz ünitesinin kurulumu ile organik gübrenin kullanımı teşvik edilecek, yapılacak sözleşme ile yine bu bölgelerde kimyasal gübrenin kullanımı önlenmiş olunacaktır

  1. D8 Ülkeleri Arasındaki Dış Ticaret İşlemlerinde Barter Yönteminin Uygulanabilirliği / Applicability of Barter Method in Foreign Trade Transactions between D-8 Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Aksu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract                     Economic crises, which are experienced every 10 years, increase the obligation to use alternative methods in foreign trade. One of the main ideas advocated by governments to develop the economy is to encourage local expenditures.  However, it is not clear how this policy will motivate behavior change. Although local currency initiatives are becoming increasingly popular, some practicalities are seldom successful in promoting long-term spending on expenditure behaviors. It is important to develop the (BARTER system to overcome some limitations of local currencies. Barter system is seen as an important source of funding for foreign trade in context of many countries. Given the rising of cost due to crises and the volatility of local currency value, the barter system is an effective way to reduce costs, improve business efficiency and free up stocks. It is of great importance for countries to keep good relations with their relative states. Similarity in race, religion or tradition allows the world system to establish a common understanding. The D-8 organization established for this purpose appears as one unit of dynamic and young population from lands of three continents. However, despite this potential, the D-8 countries are having trouble on getting into action exactly. Present research sought to analyze how Turkey can improve foreign trade with D-8 countries by using barter system and how to supply products and product groups with money substitutes. Öz Yaklaşık her on yılda bir yaşanan ekonomik krizler, dış ticarette alternatif yöntemler kullanma mecburiyetini artırmaktadır. Hükümetlerin savunduğu temel fikirlerden biri, yerel harcamaları teşvik ederek büyümeyi sağlamaktır. Ancak bu durumun davranışsal değişimi nasıl motive edeceği açık değildir. Yerel para birimi girişimleri gittikçe daha popüler olmasına rağmen, bazı pratiklikler harcama davranışlarında uzun

  2. 2000-2004 Yılları Arasında Science Citation Index’de Taranan Türkiye Kaynaklı Adli Tıp Yayınlarının Değerlendirilmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin Balcı

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Bilim insanlarının kendi alanlarındaki gelişmeleri izlemeleri kadar, yapmış oldukları araştırmaları diğer araştırmacılarla paylaşmaları da önemlidir. Uzun zaman alan ve yoğun emek ürünü olan bilimsel çalışmaların sonuçlarmı, bilim insanları ile paylaşmak ve kalıcılığını sağlamak açısından en doğru yol uluslararası kabul gören seçkin dergilerde yayınlamaktır. Bu çalışmada; 2000-2004 yılları arasındaki 5 yıllık süreçte, ülkemizdeki adli tıp uzman ve asistanlarının katkılarıyla yapılan uluslararası yayınları TUBITAK-Uluslararası Bilimsel Yayınları Teşvik Programı ölçütlerine göre değerlendirmek ve bu yayınların Türkiye adresli Science Citation Index - Journal Citation Reports kapsamındaki yayınlara katkısını araştırmak amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla, “Pubmed” ve “Web of Science” veri tabanlarından yararlanılmıştır. 01.01.2000 - 31.12.2004 tarihleri arasındaki 5 yıllık sürede, Web of Science veri tabanı kapsamındaki dergilerde, yazarları içinde ülkemizden adli tıp alanında çalışanların bulunduğu toplam 86 yayın yapılmıştır. Türkiye kaynaklı tüm yayınlara olan katkı oranı, son iki yılda binde 1.1’den binde 2.3’e yükselmiştir. Yayınların 70’inin (%81.4 tam makale, 15’inin (%17.4 tam makale dışı olduğu saptanmıştır. TÜBİTAK-Uluslararası Bilimsel Yayınları Teşvik Programı ölçütlerine göre, yayınların 3’ü (%3.5 A Grubu, 54’ü (%62.8 B Grubu, 23’ü (%26.7 C Grubu dergi listelerinde yer almaktadır. Yazar sayısı 4 ve daha fazla olan yayınlar, toplam yayınların %79.1’i oluşturmaktadır. Forensic Science International, 24 (%27.9 yayınla en fazla yayının yapıldığı dergi olup adli tıp alanındaki dergilerde (Forensic Science International, American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, Journal of Forensic Sciences, International Journal of Legal Medicine yapılan yaymlar toplam

  3. ResDE Two-Component Regulatory System Mediates Oxygen Limitation-Induced Biofilm Formation by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xuan; Zhang, Nan; Xia, Liming; Li, Qing; Shao, Jiahui; Shen, Qirong; Zhang, Ruifu

    2018-04-15

    N. R. Stanley-Wall, Mol Microbiol 93:587-598, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.12697; H. Vlamakis, C. Aguilar, R. Losick, and R. Kolter, Genes Dev 22:945-953, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.1645008; S. S. Branda, A. Vik, L. Friedman, and R. Kolter, Trends Microbiol 13:20-26, 2005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2004.11.006; C. Aguilar, H. Vlamakis, R. Losick, and R. Kolter, Curr Opin Microbiol 10:638-643, 2007, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mib.2007.09.006; S. S. Branda, J. E. González-Pastor, S. Ben-Yehuda, R. Losick, and R. Kolter, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11621-11626, 2001, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.191384198). However, the identification and sensing of environmental signals triggering Bacillus biofilm formation need further research. Here, we report that the oxygen deficiency signal inducing Bacillus biofilm formation is sensed by the ResDE two-component regulatory system. Our results not only revealed the novel regulatory function of the ResDE two-component regulatory system but also identified the sensing system of a biofilm-triggering signal. This knowledge can help to enhance the biofilm formation and root colonization of plant-beneficial Bacillus strains and also provide new insights of bacterial biofilm formation regulation. Copyright © 2018 American Society for Microbiology.

  4. Müslüman Tüketicilerin İsraf Kavramına Bakışı: Türkiye, Katar ve Endonezya Ölçeğinde Kültürlerarası Bir Mukayese / The Perspective of Muslim Consumers on Extravagance: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study in Turkey, Qatar and Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Terzi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Perspective of Muslim Consumers on Extravagance: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study in Turkey, Qatar and Indonesia Abstract Islam encourages people to earn halal -or lawful- and sets certain rules on spending. In Quran spending in the way of Allah is praised (57:7 and besides this, eating, drinking and spending extravagantly is forbidden (6:141; 4:6; 7:31; 17:29. In Quran the term “extravagance” refers to various meanings (10:12; 3:146-147; 10:83; 5:32; 7:80-81; 7:31; 17:29. In daily life it means excessive or unnecessary expenditure or outlay of resources. In this regard the viewpoint of Muslim individuals on such phenomena which is forbidden in Quran becomes more crucial. A survey is conducted in Turkey, Qatar and Indonesia to compare the viewpoint of individuals which are adherents of the same religion but from different cultures. Müslüman Tüketicilerin İsraf Kavramına Bakışı: Türkiye, Katar ve Endonezya Ölçeğinde Kültürlerarası Bir Mukayese Öz İslam dini insanın helal yollardan kazanç elde etmesini teşvik etmiş, harcama noktasında belli kurallar getirmiştir. Kuran’da Allah yolunda harcama övülmüş (57:7, harcamada aşırıya gitmek (6:141; 4:6, ihtiyaçtan fazla yiyip içmek (7:31, israf etmek (17:29 yasaklanmıştır. Kuran’da birçok yerde geçen “israf” terimi çeşitli manalarda kullanılmış olsa da (bkz: 10:12; 3:146-147; 10:83; 5:32; 7:80-81; 7:31; 17:29 günlük hayatta gereksiz yere para, zaman, emek vb.ni harcama, savurganlık olarak ifade edilmektedir. Bu bakımdan Kuran’da yasaklanmış bir davranış biçimi olan israf olgusuna Müslüman bireylerin bakış açısı önemli hale gelmektedir. Bu bakış açısını ölçmek amacıyla Türkiye, Katar ve Endonezya’da anket çalışması yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda israf kavramının bireysel ve toplumsal olmak üzere iki boyutu tespit edilmiş, bu boyutlar çerçevesinde kültürler arasında çeşitli y

  5. Developing Action Research for Developing Teachers in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eda Vula

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the perception of student teachers on their role as researchers and the impact of action research in their professional development. The study involves the master level student teachers of the Faculty of Education at the University of Prishtina in Kosovo. Qualitative data collected through reflective writing, open-ended questionnaires and research reports developed by student teachers were analyzed through the inductive method. The study suggests that teacher research has a major impact not only on the improvement of teaching practices and increasing student achievement, but also on increasing the collaboration among peers and fostering a new culture where teachers assume their responsibilities to apply action research in their own classrooms as a tool for classroom transformation. Teacher education and school context are crucial in this matter and the need arises to avoid viewing the development of teacher research as an isolated activity.Keywords: Action research, professional development, student teacher, environmentÖzBu araştırma, öğrenci öğretmenlerin araştırmacı rollerini algılamalarını ve profesyonel gelişimlerinde eylem araştırmaların etkisini incelemektedir. Araştırma, Priştine Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi’nde yüksek lisans düzeyinde olan öğrenci öğretmenleri kapsamaktadır. Öğrenciler tarafından yapılan yansıtıcı yazılar, açık uçlu soru formları ve araştırma raporlarından toplanan nitel veriler tümevarım yöntemi aracılığıyla incelenmiştir. Araştırma, öğretmen araştırmalarının, sadece öğretim uygulamalarının geliştirilmesine ve öğrenci başarısının yükseltilmesine değil, aynı zamanda yaşıtlar arası işbirliğini arttırma ve öğretmenlerin sınıfı dönüştürme aracı olarak kendi sınıflarında eylem araştırmasını uygulama sorumluluğunu yeni bir kültür olarak teşvik etmeye önemli bir etkisinin olduğunu ortaya koymaktad

  6. Sør-Trøndelag Aktivitets-Relaterte Tiltak (START – Samhandling for bedre helse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tommy Aune Rehn

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Høy forekomst av kroniske sykdommer og stigende helseutgifter representerer i lys av den kommende eldrebølgenen stor samfunnsøkonomisk utfordring. Den negative helseutviklingen er i ferd med å bli et nasjonalt problem og må få konsekvenser for fremtidig norsk helsepolitikk. Fysisk inaktivitet er en livsstilsfaktor som er sterkt assosiert med lavt nivå av kondisjon, total dødelighet og død av hjerte- og karsykdom. Studier viser at selv en liten bedring i kondisjon forventes å gi betydelig økt forventet levealder og at individer som har et bra kondisjonsnivå har opptil 15 flere leveår med god helse hvor de er selvhjulpne. Økt fysisk aktivitet har en gunstig effekt på alle risikofaktorer for kronisk sykdom og tidlig død, og vi mener derfor at man bør legge til rette for å øke det generelle fysiske aktivitetsnivået i befolkningen og bedre kunnskapen om fysisk aktivitet. Økt fysisk aktivitet vil forventes å bedre folkehelsen ved å redusere sykdomsforekomst, medisinbruk og dødelighet samt øke arbeidsevnen i populasjonen, noe som igjen vil redusere de samfunnsøkonomiske utgiftene. For å lykkes med dette, har vi tatt initiativ til prosjektet ”Sør-Trøndelag Aktivitets-Relaterte Tiltak” (START, som er tenkt å være en koordinert populasjonsbasert samhandling for bedre helse gjennom økt fysisk aktivitet rettet mot alle lag i befolkningen, fra krybbe til grav. Målet er at START skal danne grunnlag for nasjonal implementering av tiltak slik at vi oppnår en helsepolitisk bærekraftig utvikling i årene som kommer. Denne artikkelenbeskriver START og bakgrunnen for prosjektet.Rehn TA, Rognmo Ø, Ingebrigtsen JE, Vik JT, Wisløff U. Sør-Trøndelag Activity-Related Trial (START –Cooperation for better health. Nor J Epidemiol 2011; 20 (2: 209-216.ENGLISH SUMMARYHigh incidence of chronic diseases and rising health expenditure represents in light of the increasing proportion of elderly in our society a development that cannot

  7. Türkiye’de Kuru Fasulye Üretiminin Mevcut Durumu ve Gelecek Dönemler Üretiminin Tahmin Edilmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Aydoğan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışma Dünya genelinde ve Türkiye’de kuru fasulye üretim alanları, üretilen miktar, birim alana verim gibi parametrelerin mevcut durumunu ortaya koymak, Türkiye açısından gelecek dönemlerdeki değişmelerin yönünü ve üretim miktarlarını tahmin etmek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmada kullanılan veriler FAO, TÜİK ve Gıda Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı’nın kayıtlarından elde edilmiştir. 1994 yılından günümüze kadar Türkiye kuru fasulye üretim alanları, üretim miktarları, ihracat, ithalat miktarları, yurt içi kullanım miktarları veri kabul edilerek bir zaman serisi oluşturulmuş ve gelecek dönemler arz talep dengesi Zaman Serisi Analizlerinden Çift Üstel Düzeltme Yöntemi ile tahmin edilmiştir. Gelecek beş yıllık dönemde (2015-2019, kuru fasulye üretim alanları, üretim miktarı ve ihracatında azalma, ithalat ve yurt içi kullanım miktarlarında artış olacağı öngörülmüştür. Aynı dönemler için Türkiye kuru fasulye arz miktarının kuru fasulye talebinden fazla olacağı, bu fazlalığın sebebinin de ithalattan kaynaklanacağı öngörülmektedir. Diğer bir ifade ile önümüzdeki yıllarda kuru fasulyede dışa bağımlılığın artacağı tahmin edilmektedir. Yurt içinde üretimde sürekliliğin sağlanabilmesi için yapılması gerekenlerin başında üretici gelirlerinin artırılması, üretici maliyetlerinin azaltılması ve kuru fasulye üretiminin teşvik edilmesi gelmektedir. Bunun için de özellikle dünya piyasalarındaki fiyat düşüşlerinin yaşandığı veya ürün arzının fazla olduğu yıllarda, yurt içi fiyat düşüşlerini önleyecek politikaların oluşturulması sağlanmalıdır.

  8. YÜKSEK PERFORMANSLI İNSAN KAYNAKLARI YÖNETİMİ UYGULAMALARI, PSİKOLOJİK GÜÇLENDİRME VE DUYGUSAL BAĞLILIK ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİLERİN İNCELENMESİ: TEKSTİL SEKTÖRÜNDE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin YILMAZ

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Bu araştırmanın amacı, yüksek performanslı insan kaynakları yönetimi boyutlarının psikolojik güçlendirme ve örgütsel bağlılık üzerine etkilerinin incelenmesidir. Araştırma kapsamındaki bağımlı ve bağımsız değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiler, korelasyon ve regresyon analizleri ile ortaya konulmaya çalışılmıştır. Araştırma ile yüksek performanslı insan kaynakları yönetimi boyutlarından kapsamlı eğitim verilmesi, duyarlılık içerisinde personel seçimi, katılım ve iletişimin teşvik edilmesi ile içsel kariyer fırsatları sunulmasının psikolojik güçlendirmeyi %1 anlamlılık düzeyinde ve pozitif yönde etkilediği anlaşılmaktadır. Elde edilen araştırma sonuçları, yüksek performanslı insan kaynakları yönetimi boyutlarının, duygusal bağlılık üzerindeki etkisinin psikolojik güçlendirme üzerindeki etkisinden daha kuvvetli olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Anahtar Kelimeler: İnsan Kaynakları, Yüksek Performanslı İnsan Kaynakları Yönetimi Uygulamaları, Psikolojik Güçlendirme, Duygusal Bağlılık. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of high-performance dimensions of human resources management on psychological empowerment and organizational commitment. The relationship between dependent and independent variables in the study were tried to be introduced with correlation and regression analyzes. Research has reached that providing comprehensive training about high-performance human resource management dimension, the selection of staff in sensitivity, participation and communication by promoting internal career opportunities for the provision of psychological empowerment have 1% significance level and a positive impact. The research results obtained that the impact of human resource management dimensions of a high performance on the emotional commitment is stronger than the impact of psychological empowerment reveals. Keywords: Human Resources

  9. Notice of Violation of IEEE Publication PrinciplesJoint Redundant Residue Number Systems and Module Isolation for Mitigating Single Event Multiple Bit Upsets in Datapath

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lei; Hu, Jianhao

    2010-12-01

    Notice of Violation of IEEE Publication Principles"Joint Redundant Residue Number Systems and Module Isolation for Mitigating Single Event Multiple Bit Upsets in Datapath"by Lei Li and Jianhao Hu,in the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol.57, no.6, Dec. 2010, pp. 3779-3786After careful and considered review of the content and authorship of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles.This paper contains substantial duplication of original text from the paper cited below. The original text was copied without attribution (including appropriate references to the original author(s) and/or paper title) and without permission.Due to the nature of this violation, reasonable effort should be made to remove all past references to this paper, and future references should be made to the following articles:"Multiple Error Detection and Correction Based on Redundant Residue Number Systems"by Vik Tor Goh and M.U. Siddiqi,in the IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol.56, no.3, March 2008, pp.325-330"A Coding Theory Approach to Error Control in Redundant Residue Number Systems. I: Theory and Single Error Correction"by H. Krishna, K-Y. Lin, and J-D. Sun, in the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol.39, no.1, Jan 1992, pp.8-17In this paper, we propose a joint scheme which combines redundant residue number systems (RRNS) with module isolation (MI) for mitigating single event multiple bit upsets (SEMBUs) in datapath. The proposed hardening scheme employs redundant residues to improve the fault tolerance for datapath and module spacings to guarantee that SEMBUs caused by charge sharing do not propagate among the operation channels of different moduli. The features of RRNS, such as independence, parallel and error correction, are exploited to establish the radiation hardening architecture for the datapath in radiation environments. In the proposed

  10. ÜRÜN VE SÜREÇ YENİLİĞİNİN İŞLETME PERFORMANSINA ETKİSİ: BİR VAKA ÇALIŞMASI

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    Muammer ZERENLER

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Öz: Küreselleşme ve küreselleşme ile birlikte ortaya çıkan değişim insanların yaşam şekillerinden başlayarak tüketim ihtiyaçlarında da farklılaşma getirmiştir. Müşteri istek ve beklentilerindeki değişim, pazar ve rekabet koşullarındaki farklılaşma küresel anlamda pazarlama ve ticaret işletmeleri yenilikçi olmaya iterken, ülkelerin rekabet ettiği bir ortamı oluşturmuştur. Çünkü dünyada ekonomik ve ticari başarısı olmayan ülkelerin siyasi anlamda söz sahibi olması mümkün değildir artık. Bu durumda da yenilikçi işletmelerin kamu kaynakları ile desteklenmesi, böylelikle de küresel bazda faaliyet gösteren işletmelerin oluşması hedeflenmektedir. Yenilikçilik ve yaratıcılık esas olarak yönetim felsefesinin bir ürünüdür. Yöneticilerin yenilikçilik konusundaki düşünce ve varsayımları, yenilikçiliğe yönelik uygulama ve tarzlarının temel belirleyicisidir. Bu doğrultuda yenilikçiliğin ve yaratıcılığın teşvik edildiği, bireysel her tür düşüncenin değerli görüldüğü bir yönetim tarzı işletmelerin başarısı açısından kritik önemdedir. Bu çalışmada ürün ve süreç yeniliğinin işletme performansına etkisi devlet destekli bir AR-GE projesi kapsamında incelenerek, konunun öneminin anlaşılmasına katkı sağlanması hedeflenmiştir. Abstract: Globalization and change as a result of globalization has brought differentiation in consumption needs of people starting from modes of living. While the change in desire and expectation of customers, differentation in market and competition conditions, marketing and trade in terms of globalization are pushing businesses to become innovative, an environment where countries compete has been created. Because, it is impossible for the countries without economic and commercial success in the world to have a voice in political speaking. In this case, it is aimed to support innovative businesses with public funding

  11. Ultra-fast Movies of the Sky

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    British scientists have opened a new window on the Universe with the recent commissioning of the Visitor Instrument ULTRACAM on the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile. ULTRACAM is an ultra fast camera capable of capturing some of the most rapid astronomical events. It can take up to 500 pictures a second in three different colours simultaneously. It has been designed and built by scientists from the Universities of Sheffield and Warwick (United Kingdom), in collaboration with the UK Astronomy Technology Centre in Edinburgh. ULTRACAM employs the latest in charged coupled device (CCD) detector technology in order to take, store and analyse data at the required sensitivities and speeds. CCD detectors can be found in digital cameras and camcorders, but the devices used in ULTRACAM are special because they are larger, faster and most importantly, much more sensitive to light than the detectors used in today's consumer electronics products. In May 2002, the instrument saw "first light" on the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) on La Palma. Since then the instrument has been awarded a total of 75 nights of time on the WHT to study any object in the Universe which eclipses, transits, occults, flickers, flares, pulsates, oscillates, outbursts or explodes. These observations have produced a bonanza of new and exciting results, leading to already 11 scientific publications published or in press. To study the very faintest stars at the very highest speeds, however, it is necessary to use the largest telescopes. Thus, work began 2 years ago preparing ULTRACAM for use on the VLT. "Astronomers using the VLT now have an instrument specifically designed for the study of high-speed phenomena", said Vik Dhillon, from the University of Sheffield (UK) and the ULTRACAM project scientist. "Using ULTRACAM in conjunction with the current generation of large telescopes makes it now possible to study high-speed celestial phenomena such as eclipses

  12. 16 yy Çağatay Edebıyatında Yesevilik Geleneği (Şeybânî ve Ubeydî Örneği Tradition Of Yassawism In 16th Century Uzbek Literature (Examples Of Shaybani And Ubaydi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadirhan HASAN (Nodirkhon Khasanov

    2013-03-01

    tarihimizde büyük yertutan şahsiyettir. Aradan asırlar geçmiş olmasına rağmen hala onunmübarek ismi saygıyla anılmakta, türbesi ziyaret edilmekte,hizmetlerinden bahsedilmekte, eserleri okunmaktadır. Yaşadığı devirdeolduğu gibi vefatından sonraki dönemlerde de Hoca Ahmed Yesevi’ninfikir ve görüşlerine büyük rağbet olmuştur. Nitekim bir yandan birçokmutasavvıf yazarlar Hoca Ahmed Yesevi hayatı, fikir, görüşleri vetakipçileriyle ilgili eserler kaleme almışlar, ikinci bir yandan ise Yesevimensupları büyük Pir’in hikmetlerini divanlar halinde yazarak “Divan-ıHikmet” adıyla çoğaltmışlar, çeşitli mecmualara eklemişlerdir. BöyleceTürkistan Pirinin bıraktığı manevi değerler canlılığını korumaktadır.16 y.y.da Türkistan mıntıkasında Şeybânlı sülalesinden hem şah,hem şair olan Şeybâni Han ve Ubeydullah Han art arda hükümsürmüşlerdi. Onlar, rakipleri olan Timurlu sultanları gibi kültür, sanat,tarih, edebiyat ve musikiye değer verip, sarayda nazım meclisleridüzenlemişlerdi. Bu dönemdeki edebi süreçin en önemli yönü deŞeybânlıların Türkçe yazmaya teşvik etmeleri ve özellikle AhmedYesevi’nin Hikmet geleneğini tekrar canlandırmalarıydı. Bu yazımızdaŞeybâni Han ve Ubeydullah Han’ın Ahmed Yesevi hikmetlerindenetkilenmeleri konusunda bazı düşüncelerimizi arz edeceğiz.

  13. THE EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CREATIVITY AND WORK ENVIRONMENT FACTORS WITH A RESEARCH IN WHITE-GOODS SECTOR IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslı KÜÇÜKASLAN EKMEKÇİ

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available THE EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CREATIVITY AND WORK ENVIRONMENT FACTORS WITH A RESEARCH IN WHITE-GOODS SECTOR IN TURKEYAbstract: The objective of this study is to find out the relationship between work environments and employee creativity. In other words, it is aimed in this study to examine the work environment factors which stimulate and hinder creativity in a detailed way to find out ways to foster creativity in workplace. The effect of work environment on creativity has been studied and the creative work environments have already been indicated by previous researches but those studies were conducted among the R&D workers while this study was conducted within various departments of the two organizations. The hypothesis was generated and empirically tested by the data obtained from two organizations both operating in white-goods sector in Turkey. The results demonstrate that supervisor support; coworker cohesion, autonomy and task involvement factors have positive relationships with creativity. Furthermore, the findings of this study provide insights to organizations aiming to have creativity within the organization.    Keywords: Creativity, Work Environment, Working Conditions, White-Goods Sector. YARATICILIK VE İŞ ÇEVRESİ FAKTÖRLERİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN TÜRKİYE’DEKİ BEYAZ EŞYA SEKTÖRÜNDE YAPILAN BİR ARAŞTIRMA İLE İNCELENMESİÖzet: Bu çalışmanın amacı iş ortamı ve çalışan yaratıcılığı arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Başka bir deyişle, bu çalışma işyerinde yaratıcılığı geliştirme yolları bulabilmek için, yaratıcılığı teşvik eden ve engelleyen iş ortamı faktörlerini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. İş ortamının yaratıcılığa etkisi daha once yapılan araştırmalarda incelenmesine rağmen bu çalışmaların daha çok Araştırma&Geliştirme çalışanları arasında yapıldığı görülmektedir. Bu çalışma ise sadece Araştırma&Geliştirme departman

  14. Ali Emirî'nin Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası Ali Emiri's Ottoman History And Literature Periodicals

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    Seher ERDOĞAN ÇELTİK

    2013-03-01

    î Efendi'nin de "Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası" ile "Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası" adında birbirinin devamı niteliğinde olan iki dergisi vardır. Dergilerden Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası 31, Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası 5 sayı olmak üzere toplam 36 sayı olarak yayınlanır. Yayınlandığı dönemde dergiler etrafında oluşan edebî atmosfer gençleri edebî faaliyetlerinde teşvik edici bir misyon üstlenmiştir.Bu çalışmada Ali Emirî Efendi'nin Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası ile Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası adlı dergileri kısaca tanıtılmış; bu dergilerin tarih, edebiyat ve kültür hayatımıza yaptığı katkılara yer verilmiştir.Ali Emirî Efendi, "Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası" ile "Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası"nı öncelikle vatan ve milletine faydalı olmak gayesi ile çıkarır. Daha sonra Osmanlı tarih ve edebiyatına ışık tutacak bilgileri ortaya çıkarmayı ve bilgi-belge yanlışlıklarını düzeltmeyi hedefler. Yazar dergi vasıtasıyla kendi aleyhinde çıkan yazılara da cevap vermek istemiş, başta Mehmet Fuat Köprülü olmak üzere pek çok kişi ve kuruma yönelik tenkitlerde bulunmuştur.Divanu Lügati't-Türk'ü Türk dünyasına kazandıran Ali Emirî Efendi, görevi gereği çeşitli yerlere seyahatlerde bulunmuş ve buralarda sürekli bilgi ve belge toplamıştır. Bu bilgileri, zaman zaman dergi vasıtasıyla okuyucuya sunmuştur.

  15. Critical Reflection on Teacher Training Programs in Korean Gifted and Talented Education / Kore Üstün Yetenekliler Eğitiminin Öğretmen Yetiştirme Programlarının Kritik Yansımaları

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    Ho Seong Choe

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study reviewed the kinds of teacher education programs for the gifted in Korea and its development during the last 10 years and the improvements needed for the future. Central government and local education authorities implemented 261 in-service training courses in 2010. The Gifted and Talented Education Promotion Act and its Enforcement regulate the quality of these programs. From 2003 to 2013, universities and various educational institutions have developed a variety of teacher training programs including basic, advanced, overseas, leadership, specialized, and on-demand. Basic program occupied the most (61.3%, then advanced program (12.6%, and the program for administrators the least (8.8%. A total of 21,002 teachers have participated in, at least, one of the in-service training programs. Among them, 13,928 teachers have taken the basic program, 3,506 teachers joined advanced ones, and 1,208 administrators have taken more than one program. There is no formal undergraduate pre-service teacher education program, while most of the pre-service and inservice teacher education programs are offered at the graduate schools. For further development, more professional development opportunities for undergraduate students, more advanced in-service training courses, training programs in arts, athletics, and leadership; and online training; and a nation-wide professional standards system are needed to be developed. Key Words: Teacher training, Korean gifted education, professional standards Öz Bu çalışmada Kore’deki üstün yetenekliler öğretmenliği yetiştirme programları ve son on yıldaki gelişimleri ile gelecekte ihtiyaç duyulacak gelişmeler gözden geçirilmiştir. Merkezi hükümet ve yerel eğitim otoriteleri 2010 yılında 261 hizmet-içi eğitim kursu düzenlemişlerdir. Bu tür programların kalitesi Üstün Zekâlı ve Yetenekliler Eğitiminin Teşvik Yasası ve İcrası ile düzenlenmiştir. 2003-2013 yılları aras

  16. İlköğretim Öğrencilerinin İletişim Becerilerinin Çeşitli Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi Investigation of Primary School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir KARATEKİN

    2012-09-01

    . Bu sosyal becerilerden birisi de iletişim becerisidir. Daha küçük yaşlardan itibaren verilecek beceri eğitimi ile öğrencilerimize iletişim becerileri kazandırarak içinde yaşadığı toplumda mutlu, üretken ve etkili bir insan olmasını sağlayabiliriz. Bunun için öğrencilerimizin iletişim becerileri üzerinde etkili olabilecek faktörlerin bilinmesi önem arz etmektedir. Bu araştırmanın amacı da ilköğretim öğrencilerinin iletişim becerileri üzerinde etkili olan faktörleri ortaya koymaktır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda Ersanlı ve Balcı (1998 tarafından geliştirilen “İletişim Becerileri Envanteri" Ankara ve Kırşehir'de bulunan iki ilköğretim okulunun 6., 7. ve 8. sınıflarında öğrenim gören 373 öğrenciye uygulanmıştır. Verilerin analizi SPSS 15 istatistik programı kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde; betimsel istatistik, ilişkisiz örneklemler için t-testi, tek yönlü varyans analizi (ANOVA kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda ilköğretim öğrencilerinin iletişim becerileri üzerinde öğrencilerin yaşadıkları ilin, cinsiyetin, okul öncesi eğitimin, anne-baba eğitim durumunun ve sınıf düzeyinin etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Ayrıca öğrencilerin, Türkçe dersinden aldıkları not, okudukları kitap sayısı, günlük kitap okuma süreleri arttıkça iletişim becerileri artarken günlük televizyon izleme ve bilgisayar kullanma süreleri arttıkça iletişim becerileri azalmaktadır. Bu sonuçlar doğrultusunda öğretmenlerin derslerdeöğrencilerin kendilerini daha iyi ifade edebilecekleri ortamları oluşturmaları, öğrencilerin daha fazla kitap okuması için teşvik edilmesi, çocukların okul öncesi eğitime mümkün olduğunca erken başlatılması ve ebeveynlerin çocuklarının TV ve bilgisayar başında çok fazla zaman geçirmelerine izin verilmemeleri önerilmiştir.

  17. Türkçe Öğretmeni Adaylarının Yazma Eğitimi Dersine Yönelik Tutumlarının Değerlendirilmesi Turkish Teachers Attitudes Towards The Evaluation Of Writing Training Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek CERAN

    2013-03-01

    ştirilmesi, herhangi bir bilginin, görüşün kalıcılığını sağlamak ve nesiller arasındaki iletişimi kurmak bakımından önemli bir iletişim aracıdır. Yazma becerisi genellikle formel eğitim yoluyla kazandırılan dil becerilerindendir. Dolayısıyla öğrencilere yazma becerisinin kazandırılması, yazmaya yönelik ilgi ve isteklerinin uyandırılmasında temel sorumluluk öğretmenlere özellikle de Türkçe öğretmenlerine düşmektedir. Türkçe öğretmenleri, öğrencilere yazma deneyimleri kazandırmalı, onları yazmaya teşvik etmeli ve sürece etkin katılımlarını sağlamalıdır. Bu sebeple lisans programında Türkçe öğretmenlerinin söz konusu becerisini geliştirilmeye yönelik derslere ihtiyaç vardır. Bu amaçla Eğitim Fakültelerinin Türkçe Eğitimi bölümü üçüncü sınıf programında Yazma Eğitimi dersine yer verilmiştir.Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkçe öğretmeni adaylarının Yazma Eğitimi dersine yönelik tutumlarını belirlemektir. Türkçe öğretmeni adaylarının Yazma Eğitimi dersine yönelik tutumlarını tespit etmek için 37 maddelik bir tutum ölçeği hazırlanmıştır. Ölçek, 2011-2012 eğitim öğretim yılında Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Ahmet Keleşoğlu Eğitim Fakültesi Türkçe Öğretmenliği Bölümü’nde öğrenim gören 137 üçüncü sınıf öğrencisine uygulanmıştır.Türkçe öğretmeni adaylarının Yazma Eğitimi dersine yönelik tutumları genel itibariyle olumludur. Ayrıca ölçekten elde edilen bulgular; cinsiyet, öğrenim türü ve ders başarı notlarına göre değerlendirilmiştir.Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, Türkçe öğretmeni adaylarının Yazma Eğitimi dersine yönelik tutumları cinsiyete ve ders başarı notuna göre anlamlı bir farklılık göstermiştir. Kız öğretmen adaylarının derse karşı tutumları erkek öğretmen adaylarına göre daha olumludur. Ders başarı notuna bakıldığında ise ders başarı notu iyi olan öğrenciler, orta ve ge

  18. Black Hole Hunters Set New Distance Record

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    billion times as much as the Sun. So far, around 20 stellar-mass black holes have been found. [2] In astronomy, heavy chemical elements, or "metals", are any chemical elements heavier than helium. [3] Predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity, gravitational waves are ripples in the fabric of space and time. Significant gravitational waves are generated whenever there are extreme variations of strong gravitational fields with time, such as during the merger of two black holes. The detection of gravitational waves, never directly observed to date, is one of the major challenges for the next few decades. [4] The LIGO and Virgo experiments have the goal of detecting gravitational waves using sensitive interferometers in Italy and the United States. More information This research was presented in a letter to appear in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (NGC 300 X-1 is a Wolf-Rayet/Black Hole binary, P.A. Crowther et al.). The team is composed of Paul Crowther and Vik Dhillon (University of Sheffield, UK), Robin Barnard and Simon Clark (The Open University, UK), and Stefania Carpano and Andy Pollock (ESAC, Madrid, Spain). ESO, the European Southern Observatory, is the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe and the world's most productive astronomical observatory. It is supported by 14 countries: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor. At Paranal, ESO operates the Very Large Telescope, the world's most advanced visible

  19. Atatürk ve Güzel Sanatlar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurgün Koç

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet Bilindiği üzere Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin kurulmasından kısa süre sonra hemen hemen her alanı kapsayan bir reform süreci başlatılmıştır. Bu yenilik hareketleri sosyal, siyasal, ekonomik vb. alanlarda görüldüğü gibi kültürel konularda da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Atatürk kültürün önemli unsurlarından biri olan güzel sanatlardaki gelişime çok önem vermiş ve teşvik etmiştir. Uygar ülkeler arasına girmenin güzel sanatlar alanındaki başarılara bağlı olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bu yüzden 1936 yılında Devlet Konservatuarı kurulmuş, sahne sanatları, resim, müzik, heykel v.b güzel sanatların her alanında sanatçıların yetişmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu arada geleneksel sanatlara da önem verilmiş fakat Batılılaşma sürecinin hızıyla biraz geri planda kalmışlardır. Ataturk and Fine Arts Abstract As known, soon after Turkish Republic was founded, a reform process covering almost all fields was launched. These reform movements are also seen in cultural issues as well as in social, political and economic fields. Ataturk attached great importance to the development in fine arts which is one of the important elements of the culture and encouraged it. He stated that entering into civilized countries is up to the achievements in the field of fine arts. Therefore, state conservatory was founded in 1936 and artists in all fields of fine arts like performing arts, painting, music, sculpture were raised. Meanwhile, traditional arts were also emphasized, but remained a bit in the background because of fast process of Westernization. Atatürk et Les Beaux-Arts Résumé Comme on le sait, peu de temps après la fondation de la République de Turquie, le processus de réforme a été lancé dans presque tous les domaines. Ces mouvements d’innovation apparaissent dans les domaines culturels ainsi que dans les domaines sociaux, politiques et économiques. Atatürk a aussi accordé une grande importance au d

  20. Atatürk ve Güzel Sanatlar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurgün Koç

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBilindiği üzere Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin kurulmasından kısa süre sonra hemen hemen her alanı kapsayan bir reform süreci başlatılmıştır. Bu yenilik hareketleri sosyal, siyasal, ekonomik vb. alanlarda görüldüğü gibi kültürel konularda da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Atatürk kültürün önemli unsurlarından biri olan güzel sanatlardaki gelişime çok önem vermiş ve teşvik etmiştir. Uygar ülkeler arasına girmenin güzel sanatlar alanındaki başarılara bağlı olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bu yüzden 1936 yılında Devlet Konservatuarı kurulmuş, sahne sanatları, resim, müzik, heykel v.b güzel sanatların her alanında sanatçıların yetişmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu arada geleneksel sanatlara da önem verilmiş fakat Batılılaşma sürecinin hızıyla biraz geri planda kalmışlardır.Abstract As known, soon after Turkish Republic was founded, a reform process covering almost all fields was launched. These reform movements are also seen in cultural issues as well as in social, political and economic fields. Ataturk attached great importance to the development in fine arts which is one of the important elements of the culture and encouraged it. He stated that entering into civilized countries is up to the achievements in the field of fine arts. Therefore, state conservatory was founded in 1936 and artists in all fields of fine arts like performing arts, painting, music, sculpture were raised. Meanwhile, traditional arts were also emphasized, but remained a bit in the background because of fast process of Westernization. RésuméComme on le sait, peu de temps après la fondation de la République de Turquie, le processus de réforme a été lancé dans presque tous les domaines. Ces mouvements d’innovation apparaissent dans les domaines culturels ainsi que dans les domaines sociaux, politiques et économiques. Atatürk a aussi accordé une grande importance au développement des beaux-arts qui sont un des

  1. Hz. Ali’nin Menkıbevî Hayatına Dair Bir Destan: Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ A Legend about the life of Ali: The Legend of Dragon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali KOZAN

    2013-07-01

    . Türkler, İslâmiyet’i kabul etmelerini müteakip yeni bir inanç ve kültür yapısına da kapı aralamışlardır. İslâmiyet’le adeta özdeşleştirdikleri şahsiyetleri ise sözlü gelenek çerçevesinde kahramanlık hikâyeleriyle anmışlardır. Bu minvalde özellikle Hz. Muhammed, dört halife ve sahâbeler, bu menkîbelerin vazgeçilmez karakterleri olagelmişlerdir. Çalışmamızın konusunu teşkil eden Hz. Ali de söz konusu kahramanlık temalı hikâyelerde, destanlarda, menkîbelerde Hz. Muhammed’in damadı, Hz. Hasan ve Hz. Hüseyin’in babası olarak yiğit, cengâver nitelikleri ile ön plana çıkarılmıştır. Bu gelenek İslâmî Dönem Türk Tarihi’ne ait eserlerle yazıya aktarılmıştır.Hz. Ali’nin cesaret ve yiğitliğinin anlatıldığı cenknâmelerden biri olan Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ da bu türden bir eserdir. Destan, mesnevî tarzında kaleme alınmış olup, aynı zamanda efsane ve masal türlerinin kimi özelliklerini de göstermektedir. Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ adı verilen eserde, uzak bir ülkeden Hz. Muhammed’in huzuruna gelen Müslümanların şikâyet ettikleri ejderhâdan ve Hz. Muhammed’in görevlendirmesiyle sahabelerin Hz. Ali öncülüğünde ejderhâ ile yaptığı savaştan ve ejderhâyı mağlup etmesinden bahsedilmektedir. Burada Hz. Ali, kahraman şahsiyetiyle olağanüstü güçleri bünyesinde barındıran ve bu sayede din düşmanı olarak tasvir edilen ejderhâya karşı koyan ve mücadeleden çekinmeyen bir yapıya sahiptir. Destanda Hz. Ali’nin bu uğurda ölümü bile göze alabileceğine vurgu yapılmak suretiyle Müslümanları gâzaya teşvik etme amacı güdülmüştür. Ayrıca hakikatte dinin İslâm dini olduğu ve asî olanların hazin bir son ile ortadan kaldırılacağı vurgusu ile gâzilere gazâ ve cihad ülküsü kazandırmak amaçlanmıştır.Çalışmamızda öncelikle Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ adlı eserin mevcut nüshaları temin edilerek metin karşılaştırması yapılmış ve

  2. Eğitim Fakültelerinde Görev Yapmakta Olan Öğretim Elemanlarının Çokkültürlü Yeterlik Algılarının İncelenmesi Examining Multicultural Competence Perceptions of Education Faculty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper BAŞBAY

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Multicultural education is a learning and teaching approach thatis based on democratic belief and values. The main assumption is toconstruct the learning and teaching process that encourages culturalpluralism and respects different cultures in a common sense. It isinevitable that teachers who work in the primary and the secondaryschools have to provide multicultural environments for students whohave different cultural backgrounds. In this manner it is required toidentify the Education faculty’s, who train teacher candidates,perceptions about multiculturalism. In the present study Educationfaculties’ perceptions regarding multicultural awareness, multiculturalknowledge and multicultural skill levels and whether these competencylevels show significant differences with respect to various variables wereexamined. 347 faculties (176 female, 171 male from 63 universitiesparticipated in the study. The data of the study was collected by“Perceptions of Multicultural Competence Scale” developed by theresearchers. In order to analyze data multivariate ANOVA (MANOVAwas used. According to the results, it was seen that Education faculties’perceived multicultural competencies were high. As the other result ofthe study, regarding perceived multicultural competencies although nosignificant differences were found in terms of academic position,geographical region, job experience and place lived for most of their livesvariables, two demographic variables namely gender and internationalexperience were found to be statistically significant. Female faculties’cultural awareness and skill levels were higher than male faculty andmulticultural competence perceptions of faculty who has internationalexperience were higher than faculty who does not. Çokkültürlü eğitim, demokratik inanç ve değerler üzerine kurulubir öğrenme ve öğretme yaklaşımıdır. Öğrenme ve öğretme sürecininkültürel çoğulculuğu teşvik edecek ve farklı kültürlere sayg

  3. PREFACE: The IARU International Scientific Congress on Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions (10-12 March, Copenhagen, Denmark)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    revitalization of ecosystem services Key Message 6: Meeting the Challenge To achieve the societal transformation required to meet the climate change challenge, we must overcome a number of significant constraints and seize critical opportunities These include reducing inertia in social and economic systems; building on a growing public desire for governments to act on climate change; removing implicit and explicit subsidies; reducing the influence of vested interests that increase emissions and reduce resilience; enabling the shifts from ineffective governance and weak institutions to innovative leadership in government, the private sector and civil society; and engaging society in the transition to norms and practices that foster sustainability The editors of the volume are all the session chairs: Professor Agus Sari Dr Aled Jones Science Manager Anders Viksø-Nielsen Dr Andreas Barkman Professor Anette Reenberg Professor Ann Henderson-Sellers Professor Anthony J McMichael Dr Anthony Patt Dr Bette Otto-Bliesner Dr Cameron Hepburn Dr Carlos Nobre Dr Carol Turley Dr Chris Hope Professor Chris Turney Professor Claus Felby Professor Coleen Vogel Professor Dale Jamieson Professor Daniel M Kammen Senior Scientist Detlef F Sprinz Professor Diana Ürge-Vorsatz Professor Dorthe Dahl-Jensen PhD Fatima Denton Director Generel Frances Seymour Dr Frank Jotzo Professor Harold Mooney Director Henrik Bindslev Mr Jamie Pittock Professor Jacquie Burgess Dr James E Hansen Professor Jiahua Pan Dr Jill Jäger Professor Jim Skea Professor Johan Rockström Dr John Christensen Professor John Mitchell Professor John R Porter Professor Joyeeta Gupta Professor Jørgen E Olesen Professor Karen O'Brien Dr Kazuhiko Takeuchi Dr Katrine Krogh Andersen Professor Keith Paustian Professor Ken Caldeira Professor Kevin Anderson Dr Koko Warner Professor Konrad Steffen Professor Liping Zhou Professor Louise Fresco Professor Maria Carmen Lemos Professor Mark Ashton Dr Mark Stafford-Smith Dr Martin Claussen Dr Martin

  4. PREFACE: International Conference on Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies (FM&NT2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Andris; Muzikante, Inta; Sarakovskis, Anatolijs; Grinberga, Liga

    2012-08-01

    Organizing Committee sincerely hopes that the Conference gave all the participants new insights into the widespread development of functional materials and nanotechnologies and would enhance the circulation of the information released at the meeting. Inta Muzikante Andris Sternberg Liga Grinberga Anatolijs Sarakovskis Conference photograph The manuscripts are published thanks to the financial support from ERAF project 'Atbalsts starptautiskas sadarbibas projektiem zinatne un tehnologijas LU Cietvielu fizikas instituta' Nr.2010/0204/2DP/2.1.1.2.0./10/APIA/VIAA/010 Sponsors Sponsors flag Sponsors logo International Organizing Committee 1. Andris Sternberg (chairperson), Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 2. Juras Banys, Vilnius University, Lithuania 3. Gunnar Borstel, University of Osnabrück, Germany 4. Niels E Christensen, University of Aarhus, Denmark 5. Robert A Evarestov, St. Petersburg State University, Russia 6. Claes-Goran Granqvist, Uppsala University, Sweden 7. Dag Høvik, The Research Council of Norway, Norway 8. Marco Kirm, Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Estonia 9. Jiri Kulda, Institut Laue-Langevin, France 10. Witold Lojkowski, Institute of High Pressure Physics, Poland 11. Ergo Nommiste, University of Tartu, Estonia 12. Ingólfur Torbjörnsson, Icelandic Centre for Research, Iceland 13. Marcel H. Van de Voorde, University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands International Program Committee 1. Liga Grinberga (chairperson), Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 2. Eugene Kotomin, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany 3. Martins Rutkis, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 4. Inta Muzikante, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 5. Liga Berzina-Cimdina, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Riga Technical University, Latvia 6. Janis Grabis, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Latvia 7. Linards Skuja

  5. Selected Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2017; Venice (Italy; October 31-November 4, 2017; Session "Epidemiology and Networks"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-10-01

    . CnattingiusABS 7. IMPACT OF MAJOR NEONATAL MORBIDITIES ON THE OUTCOME AT 6.5 YEARS OF CHILDREN BORN EXTREMELY PRETERM: A SWEDISH NATIONAL PROSPECTIVE STUDY (EXPRESS • A. Farooqi, K. Källén, K. Maršál, F. SereniusABS 8. PREVALENCE OF LONG-TERM NEURO­DE­VELOPMENTAL IMPAIRMENT FOLLOWING EXTREMELY PRETERM BIRTH IN EUROPE: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW • S. Sarda, G. Sarri, S. Abogunrin, C. SiffelABS 9. NEONATAL MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY IN FIVE PROVINCIAL HOSPITALS IN THE PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF LAOS AFTER IMPLEMENTATION OF A TEACHING PROGRAM FOR NEONATAL CARE • S. Schmidt, B. Saysanasongkham, T. HoehnABS 10. INCIDENCE OF BRONCHOPULMONARY DYS­PLASIA AND INTRAVENTRICULAR HAEMOR­RHAGE AMONG EXTREMELY PRETERM IN­FANTS IN EUROPE: A SYSTEMATIC LITER­ATURE REVIEW • C. Siffel, K. Kistler, J. Lewis, S. SardaABS 11. PERINATAL INFECTIONS AND CEREBRAL PALSY: ARE PROLONGED RUPTURES OF MEMBRANES A RISK FACTOR IN CHILDREN BORN AT TERM? • M. Mynarek, S. Bjellmo, S. Lydersen, J. Afset, G. Andersen, T. VikABS 12. CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY (NON-POST-NEONATAL BORN AT TERM, NON-ADMITTED TO NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE, FROM THE PORTUGUESE NATIONAL REGISTER • D. Virella, T. Folha, M.G. Andrada, A. Cadete, R. Gouveia, T. Gaia, J.J. Alvarelhão, E. CaladoABS 13. CHRONIC CONDITIONS AND HEALTH CARE NEEDS OF ADOLESCENTS BORN MODERATE­LY PRETERM AT 32-26 WEEKS’ GESTATION: A SWEDISH REGIONAL POPULATION BASED CASE CONTROL STUDY • A. Farooqi, A. Sjöström, M. Adamsson, M. Bäckman, B. HägglöfABS 14. TRENDS IN MORTALITY AND MAJOR MORBIDITY OF VERY PRETERM NEONATES IN 10 NATIONAL NEONATAL DATABASES: THE INTERNATIONAL NETWORK FOR EVALUATION OF OUTCOMES (INEO EXPERIENCE • K. Lui, S. Lee, S. Kusuda, M. Adams, M. Vento, B. Reichman, B. Darlow, L. Lehtonen, N. Modi, M. Norman, S. Hakansson, D. Bassler, F. Rusconi, P. Shah on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes of NeonatesABS 15. DOWN’S SYNDROME: PREVALENCE AND PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS IN LATVIA • I. Zile

  6. Kongre İzlenimleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin Balcı

    2007-12-01

    yapılacağı tartışılıp karar verilecekti. Daha doğrusu bu tartışmadan ziyade ciddi bir yarıştı. Bu aşamada Türkiye’den kongreye katılan tüm arkadaşlar böyle bir kongreye ev sahipliği yapabileceğimiz, bunun ülkemizdeki adli tıp ve adli bilimlerin gelişimine katkısı olacağı, ülkemizin en üst düzeyde tanıtımına destek olacağı inancına sahiptik. Aslında demek olarak bir uluslar arası kongreye ev sahipliği yapmamızın; önemli bir zorunluluk olduğu, en az 10 yıldır gündemde idi. Başta Prof Dr Serpil Salaçin olmak üzere, hocalarımız da bizleri teşvik etmek için sürekli uyarıda bulunuyorlardı. Bu nedenle 2004 İstanbul kongresinden başlayarak; Gaziantep’e kadar giderek artan sayıda yabancı konukla ve giderek artan bir ivme ile ciddi deneyim kazanıldı. Kocaeli’ndeki kongrenin de yabancı ortaklı yapılması ve uluslararası kongre için ön deneyim olması kararlaştırıldı. Bu nedenle, Porto’ya giderken bu kongreyi ülkemize getirmeye aday olmak açısından, ruhen ve fiziksel olarak hazırdık. ATUD Meslekte Yeterlilik Kurulu’nun 4 üyesi ile ATUD başkan yardımcısı da kongrede hazırdı. Tüm ATUD üyeleri ve Adli Bilimler camiasından meslektaşlarımız gibi, diğer ATUD Yönetim Kurulu ve Meslekte Yeterlilik Kurulu üyesi meslektaşlarımızın da kalplerinin bizimle olduğunu biliyorduk. Bu güçle, ülkemiz adına kongreye ev sahipliği yapmak için aday olduk. Diğer aday ülke de İspanya idi. Onlar Granada’yı, biz de Antalya’yı gösterdik. Bu aşamada, kongre başkanlığı önerimizi kabul eden, ATUD MYK Başkanı Prof Dr Mete Gülmen hoca’nın başkanlığında, katılan tüm Türk üyelerin olağan üstü bir çabası başladı (TÜRK TİMİ. Aday ülkeler arasında karar verecek ve bunları etkileyebilecek uluslararası üne sahip meslektaşlarımızla (örn; Prof. Anthony Busuttil, ECLM Başkanı Prof. Pekka Saukko, IALM Başkanı Prof. Nuno Vieira, MAFS Başkan Yard

  7. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Korkut Gülmen

    1996-10-01

    . Carracedo. Int J Legal Med 1996;109:125-129. Bu çalışma, yaşlanma ile bağlantılı, farklı ısılarda ve çeşitli çevresel etmenlerdeki dişlerde DNA tiplendirmesinin sonuçlarını gözlemlemek amacı ile planlandı. Toplam 570 diş çalışmaya alındı. Çalışma PCR ortamında HLA DQA1, D1S80, HUMTH01, HUM- FES/FPS ve XY homolog geni amelogenin'in analizini içeriyordu. Genel olarak en iyi sonuçlar XY homolog geni amelogenin ile elde edildi, bunu iki STR çalışması (HUMTH01 ve HUMFES/FPS izledi. Küçük fragman boyutları ve PCR amplifikasyonu sonrası kullanılan saptama yöntemi, bu gerçeğin açıklanmasındaki ana etmenlerdi. Genel olarak suda bekletilen dişler en zayıf sonuçları verdiler. Dış koşullarda bekletilen dişler, kum ya da toprağa gömülü olanlara göre daha iyi sonuçlar yansıttılar, oysa kum ya da toprağa gömülü olanlardan da iyi sonuçlar elde edilebilmişti. 4°C dereceye kadar ısının sonuçlar üzerinde çok hafif bir etkisi oldu. Gerçek yaşamda olgularda uygulanma olanağı olmayan yüksek ısılarda da (400°C'de 2 dakika çoğu olguda pozitif sonuçlar elde edilebildi. XY homolog geni amelogenin ve STR'larda elde edilen pozitif tiplendirmeler 10-30 yaşlarındaki dişlerden elde edildi. Kimliklendirme amaçlı dental pulpanın kullanımının yararları bazı gerçek olgularda da örneklendi.  MİDOZALAM ETKİSİ ALTINDA CİNSEL FANTAZİLER Sexual fantasies under the influence of midozalam. Hausmann R, Jakubiak M, Wuemeling HB. Deurechtsmedizin 1996;6/2:58-6l Bir ENT danışmanı damara enjekte edilen 5-15 mg midozalam ile sakinleştirilen 46 kadın hastaya karşı cinsel saldırı ile suçlandı. Suçlamalar öpmek, göğüsleri okşamak, vulvaya dokunmak, mastürbasyona teşvik etmek, anal sex ve ırza geçmeyi içermekte idi. Dava sırasında midozalamın cinsel fantazilere neden olup olmadığını araştırmak üzere adli tıp uzmanları çağrıldı. Literatür çalışmamıza göre damardan alınan 0