WorldWideScience

Sample records for sin romance implicancias

  1. Romance Tourism and Finnish Women

    OpenAIRE

    Jussila, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    Romance tourism is a discussed quite a lot in media both in Finland and abroad. The media has create a certain kind of image of women`s romance tourism. The main aim of this study was to study how Finnish women perceive the romance tourism. The research questions were: does women travel to abroad to seek for holiday romance and why do they travel to abroad to seek for the romance. To find out women’s mental images of romance tourism was also one aim of the research. The phenomenon of women’s ...

  2. Getting Serious about Romance: Adult Series Romances for Teens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, John; Mosley, Shelley

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the value of series romance novels that are written for adults but that teen readers enjoy. Highlights include defining series romances; characteristics of series romances; collection development issues for libraries; sensuality levels; resources, including books and Web sites; and an annotated list of 100 appropriate titles. (LRW)

  3. Intertwining romance and finance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxlund, Bjarke

    argumenteres der i teksten for, at det i mange studerendes liv fungerer stik modsat - romancer og finanser er helt og holdent sammenfiltrede. Unge mennesker navigerer et socialt terræn af kærlighed, sex og materialisme, hvor udvekslinger bruges til at signalere hvem man er. Disse udvekslinger antager en helt...

  4. My Computer Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Gardner

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author relates the big role of computers in his life as a writer. The author narrates that he has been using a computer for nearly twenty years now. He relates that computers has set his writing free. When he started writing, he was just using an electric typewriter. He also relates that his romance with computers is also a…

  5. Romancing the Mind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Mette

    Why do women most often prefer watching romances and melodramas? Women’s preferences for audiovisual media are thematically concerned with the search for and choice of Mr. Right (romantic films), the loss of a partner or how to provide the best solutions for their children and themselves in relat...

  6. Classic romance in electronic arrangement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kizin M.M.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available this article analyses the transformation of the performing arts of classical romance in the terms of electronic sound and performance via electronic sounds arrangements. The author focuses on the problem of synthesis of electronic sound arrangements and classical romance, offering to acquire the skills of the creative process in constantly changing conditions of live performances.

  7. Laughing with, or Laughing at the Young-Adult Romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, Brenda O.

    1989-01-01

    Investigates characteristics of young adult romance novels, particularly their lack of humor. Discusses ways to use romance in the classroom. Provides a list of young adult novels that deal with romance, humor, and body image. (MM)

  8. Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2013: Selected Papers from 'Going Romance' Amsterdam 2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aboh, E.O.; Schaeffer, J.C.; Sleeman, P.

    2015-01-01

    The Going Romance conferences are a major European annual discussion forum for theoretically relevant research on Romance languages. This volume assembles a selection of the papers that were presented at the 27th edition of Going Romance, which was organized by the University of Amsterdam in

  9. Excitement, Adventure, Indifference: Romance Readers' Perceptions of How Romance Reading Impacts Their Sex Lives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderton, Gretchen E.

    2009-01-01

    This mixed-methods study examined romance readers' perceptions of how reading romance novels has impacted their sex lives, feelings about their sex partners, knowledge of sexuality and their sexual behavior. Fifty-three women romance readers over the age of 18 completed an online survey composed of multiple choice and open-ended essay questions. …

  10. SENSIBILIDADE MODERNA E ROMANCE EM LIMA BARRETO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARMEM LÚCIA NEGREIROS DE FIGUEIREDO

    Full Text Available No romance de estreia de Lima Barreto, Recordações do escrivão Isaías Caminha, observam-se recursos estéticos ligados à modernização da percepção que distendem a forma do romance da moldura do século XIX. A problematização dessas estratégias, e suas consequências para o romance, constitui a finalidade desse artigo.

  11. Obesidad y embarazo: implicancias anestésicas

    OpenAIRE

    Nazar J,Claudio; Bastidas E,Javier; Zamora H,Maximiliano; Lacassie,Héctor J

    2014-01-01

    La obesidad es una epidemia a nivel mundial, con más de 2.000 millones de adultos con sobrepeso u obesidad, por lo que cada vez es más probable enfrentarse a una embarazada obesa en la práctica clínica del equipo obstétrico. La obesidad incrementa los cambios fisiológicos del embarazo a nivel cardiovascular, respiratorio, metabólico y gastrointestinal, lo que tiene implicancias clínicas que aumentan los costos en salud y la morbimortalidad materna y fetal. Las embarazadas obesas son un consta...

  12. Romance emergente y latinidad media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulalia Rodón

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available El valor testimonial relativo a los orígenes de los romances hispánicos aportado por la documentación medieval latina anterior al siglo XI ofrece una acusada doble perspectiva. Por una parte la presencia de rasgos correspondientes al proceso general de vulgarización de la propia lengua latina, pero también la incorporación de nuevas formas en respuesta a los condicionamientos particulares de los diferentes ámbitos territoriales y a los respectivos tiempos y modos de su recepción del latín. Bajo este último aspecto singulares factores de interés concurrirán en los textos procedentes de las comarcas del norte peninsular pirenaico.…

  13. Um romance interdisciplinar revolucionário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Cardoso Gomes

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o romance No hospício, de Rocha Pombo, procurando mostrar como o autor envereda pelo experimentalismo romanesco, o que o leva a criar uma obra revolucionária. Impregnando sua ficção com reflexões estéticas, metafísicas e a poesia, o autor criou um romance inovador que reflete as grandes inquietações do Simbolismo, no final do século XIX.

  14. Romance versus Reality: A Look at YA Romantic Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundin, Susan G.

    1985-01-01

    Study of young adult literature found that both formula romance fiction and contemporary realistic fiction reflect problems young people face daily. Three problem-concern areas were addressed by an average of 32.81% of romance books and 30.13% of realistic fiction--personal, intrafamily, and interpersonal. Romance books studied are listed. (14…

  15. The online romance scam: a serious cybercrime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Monica T; Buchanan, Tom

    2012-03-01

    The Online Romance Scam is a relatively new form of fraud that became apparent in about 2008. In this crime, criminals pretend to initiate a relationship through online dating sites then defraud their victims of large sums of money. This paper presents some descriptive statistics about knowledge and victimization of the online dating romance scam in Great Britain. Our study found that despite its newness, an estimated 230,000 British citizens may have fallen victim to this crime. We conclude that there needs to be some rethinking about providing avenues for victims to report the crime or at least making them more comfortable when doing so.

  16. Gender differences in perception of romance in Chinese college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Jie; Zhang, John X; Xie, Jing; Zou, Zhiling; Huang, Xiting

    2013-01-01

    Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men) were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 sentences and required to rate the romance level of each sentence. Results showed higher rating scores in males than females for low romance items, but not for high or medium romance items. In Study 2, 69 participants (37 women, 32 men) were recruited to judge the degree of romance in sentences presented on a computer screen one by one. Compared with females, males again showed higher scores and responded more slowly only to low romance items. In Study 3, 36 participants (18 women, 18 men) currently in love with someone were scanned with functional MRI while they did the romance judgment task from Study 2. Compared with females, greater brain activation was found for males in the frontal lobe, precentral gyrus, precuneus and parahippocampal gyrus for low romance items. The results provide the first piece of evidence for gender differences in romance perception, suggesting enhanced cognitive processing in males when evaluating the degree of romance in romantic scenes.

  17. Gender differences in perception of romance in Chinese college students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Yin

    Full Text Available Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 sentences and required to rate the romance level of each sentence. Results showed higher rating scores in males than females for low romance items, but not for high or medium romance items. In Study 2, 69 participants (37 women, 32 men were recruited to judge the degree of romance in sentences presented on a computer screen one by one. Compared with females, males again showed higher scores and responded more slowly only to low romance items. In Study 3, 36 participants (18 women, 18 men currently in love with someone were scanned with functional MRI while they did the romance judgment task from Study 2. Compared with females, greater brain activation was found for males in the frontal lobe, precentral gyrus, precuneus and parahippocampal gyrus for low romance items. The results provide the first piece of evidence for gender differences in romance perception, suggesting enhanced cognitive processing in males when evaluating the degree of romance in romantic scenes.

  18. Gender Differences in Perception of Romance in Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Jie; Zhang, John X.; Xie, Jing; Zou, Zhiling; Huang, Xiting

    2013-01-01

    Women often complain that their partners are not romantic enough. This raises the question: how romance is recognized and evaluated in a love relationship? However, there has been essentially no empirical research bearing on this issue. The present set of studies examined possible gender differences in perceptions of romance and the associated neural mechanisms in Chinese college students. In Study 1, 303 participants (198 women, 105 men) were administrated a questionnaire consisting of 60 sentences and required to rate the romance level of each sentence. Results showed higher rating scores in males than females for low romance items, but not for high or medium romance items. In Study 2, 69 participants (37 women, 32 men) were recruited to judge the degree of romance in sentences presented on a computer screen one by one. Compared with females, males again showed higher scores and responded more slowly only to low romance items. In Study 3, 36 participants (18 women, 18 men) currently in love with someone were scanned with functional MRI while they did the romance judgment task from Study 2. Compared with females, greater brain activation was found for males in the frontal lobe, precentral gyrus, precuneus and parahippocampal gyrus for low romance items. The results provide the first piece of evidence for gender differences in romance perception, suggesting enhanced cognitive processing in males when evaluating the degree of romance in romantic scenes. PMID:24146853

  19. LEY DE SERVICIO CIVIL Y SUS IMPLICANCIAS SOCIALES EN EL PERÚ. AREQUIPA, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    LLERENA ZEA, BESTSABE AURORA

    2016-01-01

    LEY DE SERVICIO CIVIL EL SERVICIO CIVIL PERUANO CARACTERÍSTICAS DE LA LEY DE SERVICIO CIVIL PERUANO IMPLICANCIAS SOCIALES DE LA LEY DE SERVICIO CIVIL LOS REGIMENES LABORALES DEL SECTOR PUBLICO EL SERVICIO CIVIL EN EL PERÚ LA AUTORIDAD NACIONAL DEL SERVICIO CIVIL LA LEY DE SERVICIO CIVIL FINALIDAD DE LA LEY PRINCIPIOS DE LA LEY DEL SERVICIO CIVIL ÁMBITO DE APLICACIÓN ORGANIZACIÓN DE LOS SERVIDORES CIVILES PUNTOS EN CONFLICTO LAS IMPLICANCIAS SOCIALES DE LA LEY DE SERVICIO CIVIL ANTECEDENTES ...

  20. Guided Reading: The Romance and the Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fountas, Irene C.; Pinnell, Gay Su

    2013-01-01

    The authors examine the growth and impact of guided reading, small group teaching for differentiated instruction in reading that was stimulated by their early publications. Many changes in literacy education have been observed as a result--almost as if educators had a "romance" with guided reading and leveled books. While changes have been…

  1. Pickpocket compounds from Latin to Romance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nielsen Whitehead, Benedicte

    2012-01-01

    This thesis discusses the development in Proto–Indo–European, Latin and Romance of a word–formation pattern which the most adequate terminology in use dubs ‘verbal government compounds with a governing first member’; I use the shorthand ‘pickpocket compounds’. The first member of such compounds

  2. Pickpocket compounds from Latin to Romance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitehead, Benedicte Nielsen

    , is that these compounds cannot be considered univerbated imperative clauses. (2) is likewise assessed preliminarily in chapter 2, offering an outline of the history of the Greek and Indo–Aryan material. Taking the history of the Latin/Romance material up for revision, chapters 3–5 conclude that Latin offers no evidence...

  3. Medieval Romances: "Perceval" to "Monty Python."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jehle, Dorothy M.

    A selection of romances from medieval literature can be used successfully in undergraduate literature classes to trace the appearance and relevance of medieval themes, motifs, and characters in works of modern poetry, fiction, and film. New scholarly editions, historiographies, translations, and modernizations give both teachers and students more…

  4. Einstein in love a scientific romance

    CERN Document Server

    Overbye, Dennis

    2000-01-01

    At its height, Einstein's marriage to Mileva was an extraordinary one - a colleague and often fierce adversary, Mileva was brilliantly matched with the scientific genius. Dennis Overbye seeks to present this scientific romance in a vivid light, telling the private story of the young Einstein.

  5. Implicancias éticas del proyecto genoma humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Graciela De Ortuzar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente informe analizo críticamente el posible uso de la información genética individual y sus implicancias en la distribución de recursos en salud. Para ello, comienzo con el argumento de la ?equidad actuarial? de los seguros privados de salud, ficción histórica y estructural. Si bien considero que debe apoyarse la moratoria o prohibición del acceso a la información genética para los seguros privados -en razón de que el determinismo genético imperante profundizará aún más las desigualdades que se encuentran en su estructura-; dicha moratoria no constituye la solución definitiva al problema de fondo. Es preciso reconocer que la salud/enfermedad, en tanto definamos a la misma de forma integral y no unicausal, es el bien que debe protegerse (no discriminación por razones de salud, no pudiéndose reducirse la persona a sus genes. Los seguros de salud no pueden compararse con cualquier otra empresa comercial, debido a que su accionar tiene consecuencias políticas y sociales, impidiendo el desarrollo del plan de vida y la participación política. Por lo tanto, constituye una responsabilidad social el acceso universal a la salud, compartiendo riesgos. Y esto implica ampliar el principio de no discriminación existente en la legislación internacional2 con el fin de que el mismo no se base exclusivamente en la eliminación de barreras legales (derechos civiles y políticos, informales (sexo, raza, clase, religión, etc o genéticas (patrimonio genético; sino en una concepción de fuerte igualdad de oportunidades que garantice el cumplimiento de los derechos sociales y humanos, como lo son el derecho al acceso a la salud y a la tecnología genética.

  6. A Flood of Tears: "Titanic" and the Tearjerker Romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Kathleen M.

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of tearjerker romances and adolescent responses, particularly female responses, focuses on the recent movie "Titanic." Places the tearjerker romance in context with other works representing a wave of new romanticism and includes an annotated bibliography of tearjerkers in several genres appealing to adolescents. (LRW)

  7. A Developmental History of the Hispano-Romance Verb Conjugations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stovicek, Thomas William

    2010-01-01

    This study outlines the development of Portuguese and Spanish verbal morphology from Latin in the context of the Hispanic branch of Romance, with a focus on the conjugational classes, whose number has been reduced to only three in this branch of Western Romance. It is innovative in approaching the topic as a study of sequential productive grammars…

  8. "The Wind in the Willows" and the Style of Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, R. B.

    2012-01-01

    The style of Kenneth Grahame's "The Wind in the Willows" arises from an alternative vision and choice of values characteristic of romance. Romance seeks fulfillment beyond the consequences of everyday relationships and the constrictions of ordinary life. Causal relationships give way to lists of independent items, unmotivated outcomes, and…

  9. Nadine Gordimer's The Pickup and the Desert Romance Tradition in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper shows how Nadine Gordimer's novel The Pickup can be read as a radical reworking of the traditions of romance, most specifically of the colonial desert romance. E M Hull's novel The Sheik is discussed in order to highlight key patterns of this genre, particularly with reference to Rachel Blau DuPlessis' distinction ...

  10. Passionate Virtue: Conceptions of Medical Professionalism in Popular Romance Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Medical romance fiction is a subgenre of popular romance fiction that features medical professionals in their work environment. This essay explores the way professionalism is portrayed in popular medical romance fiction written during the early twenty-first century, a period of significant disruption in both the public image and self-understanding of organized medicine. I analyze a selection of contemporary medical romance novels, published between 2008 and 2012, demonstrating that medical romance fiction is a form of public intervention in apparently insular debates over medical professionalism. I conclude that they promote "nostalgic professionalism," a vision of physicians as a select group of highly educated, self-regulated experts who provide, with a caring and altruistic attitude, a vitally important service to society, while at the same time generating implicit critiques of it.

  11. When deviance becomes sin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Senekal

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article a brief exposition is given o f what sin and deviance entail. This perspective is approached in terms of what is called the logovision premise. This premise essentially maintains that human perception of reality is primarily mediated through words and that only God's words allow us to see reality as it truly is. Thus we are enabled to respond appropriately to reality - especially evaluative reality. By then applying God’s words to the issues involved in the study of deviance, more clarity is hopefully achieved. This is done by discussing the respective characteristics of sin and deviance and by briefly exploring the relationship between these two phenomena. Finally some of the implications for the study o f social deviance are discussed.

  12. Pp scattering at SIN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aprile-Giboni, E.; Cantale, G.; Hausammann, R.

    1983-01-01

    Using the PM1 polarized proton beam at SIN and a polarized target, the elastic pp scattering as well as the inelastic channel pp → π + d have been studied between 400 and 600 MeV. For the elastic reaction, a sufficient number of spin dependent parameters has been measured in order to do a direct reconstruction of the scattering matrix between 38 0 /sub cm/ and 90 0 /sub cm/. 10 references, 6 figures

  13. 10 years of SIN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    The Schweizerisches Institut fur Nuklearforschung (Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research, or SIN) proudly celebrated its 10th anniversary earlier this year. Welcoming the audience at a reception on 22 June, Swiss Federal Councillor Alphons Egli recalled that only about one human lifetime ago was it demonstrated that the atom, despite its name (from the Greek for indivisible), could in fact be split. Since then, questions arising from this discovery have continued to fascinate research workers all over the world

  14. Amazement and the Experience of Transformation in the Romances of Cervantes and Shakespeare

    OpenAIRE

    Weiner, Jeffrey Neil

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation explores the use of amazement as a transformative experience capable of reframing traumatic memory in the romances of Cervantes and Shakespeare. Romance offers a structure to moblilize emotion and fantasy to deal with traumatic events. Focusing on the experience of amazement and its effect on literary content and form allows the critic to see the connections between romance and tragedy, and specifically between Renaissance romance and ancient tragedy, comedy, and romance. ...

  15. Romance tourism or female sex tourism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Irmgard L

    2014-01-01

    Love, sex and the female traveller: romance tourism or female sex tourism? The phenomenon of women travelling in search of relationships with local men in developing countries has been studied for the last 20 years. However, it appears little known in travel medicine. Relevant literature was found through PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest and Google Scholar. The reference lists of selected articles identified further sources. Historical records of women travellers to far-away countries abound. Then, as now, women not only searched for the erotic 'other' but made romance and sex the purpose of their trip. Today, increasing numbers of women travel to destinations in developing countries where sex with local men is the main attraction. This pastime raises concerns not only for the women themselves but for the local men involved as well as their sex partners and the local communities. Although more research is necessary, comparing the criteria that describe men travelling for sex and relationships and women travelling for sex and relationships appears to suggest that there is very little difference between the two, regardless of what the pursuit is called. Women looking for sex with local men are sex tourists, too. Recognition of this fact needs to influence the pre and post travel care of female travellers. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Riscritture del romance nel secondo Novecento italiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Nicosia

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Many authors in the last century offer us the possibility to look at romance through their rewriting of Italian tradition, but they also offer the possibility to look at rewriting through romance. A systematic examination of every single work would need an article itself. Here the focus is rather on the phenomenon and its implications with tradition and its transformations; and on the intellectual context where they take place. Despite the very core of the poetics of rewriting can be located between the Sixties and the Eighties, these palimpsests go further, into the Nineties. From Calvino, Manganelli and Sanguineti, to Celati, Bufalino and Santagata, we are able to look at different declensions of rewriting. Through these texts and the techniques they are built with, it is possible to verify the strength and the qualities of some cultural and intellectual practices, which can be related to a coherent Italian postmodern poetics, which operates through the reuse of traditional materials. These reuse should be seen – and this is one of the cues and conclusions the article would like to offer – as a vital way of reproducing stories and genres in the postmodern era.

  17. Marx (sin ismos)

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Buey, Francisco

    1999-01-01

    El artículo introduce al libro Marx (sin ismos) escrito por Francisco Fernández Buey. La intención de la obra es ofrecer una comprensión de Marx distinguiéndolo del marxismo y de lo que en la historia otros autores han dicho y hecho en o contra su nombre: Marx no como un determinista económico sino precisamente como el autor genialmente crítico cuyo mensaje lleva a revelarse contra los determinantes económicos. La lectura de Korsch, Rubel y Sacristán, la comparación de Marx y el comunismo con...

  18. Un conocer sin cegamientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Ferrante

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se reseña el libro La construcción de marcas de reconocimiento en sociedades ocularcentristas: el caso de mujeres ciegas del Área Metropolitana de Monterrey de Brenda Araceli Bustos García. Se describe el problema de investigación en el cual se inserta la tesis que nutre el libro y se recorre la trama argumental. Finalmente, se realiza una valoración positiva del modo de construcción del objeto de estudio, el cual promueve un conocer sin cegamientos. 

  19. Quasi-Bodies and Kafka’s Castle in Sion Sono’s Crime Noir Guilty of Romance (2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Kuo Chia-wen

    2014-01-01

    Sion Sono’s Guilty of Romance (Koi no tsumi, 2011) was adapted from an actual crime in Tokyo’s love hotel: an educated woman (a prostitute at night) was found decapitated and her limbs were re-assembled with a sex-doll. Sono renders this through his cinematic narrative blurring the distinction between true crime and fictional sin like Rancière’s idea that everything is a narrative dissipating the opposition between “fact and fiction,” and “quasi-body” becomes a product of human literarity whi...

  20. [[Abortion: An Unforgivable Sin?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalli, Chiara

    Abortion has become something to hide, something you can't tell other people, something you have to expiate forever. Besides, abortion is more and more difficult to achieve because of the raising average of consciencious objection (from 70 to 90% of health care providers are conscientious objectors, 2014 data, Ministero della Salute) and illegal abortion is "coming back"from the 70s, when abortion was a crime (Italian law n. 194/1978). Abortion is often blamed as a murder, an unforgivenable sin, even as genocide. Silence against shouting "killers!" to women who are going to have an abortion: this is a common actual scenario. Why is it so difficult to discuss and even to mention abortion?

  1. METAFICÇÃO NOS ROMANCES DE MACHADO DE ASSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine Resende Rocha

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Nos romances de Machado de Assis, a metaficção é caracterizada de maneira permanente. Este ensaio pretende observar o efeito provocado nessas narrativas pela reflexão do ficcional produzida por elas.

  2. Do You Love Me? Psychological Characteristics of Romance Scam Victims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitty, Monica T

    2018-02-01

    The online dating romance scam is an Advance Fee Fraud, typically conducted by international criminal groups via online dating sites and social networking sites. This type of mass-marketing fraud (MMF) is the most frequently reported type of MMF in most Western countries. This study examined the psychological characteristics of romance scam victims by comparing romance scam victims with those who had never been scammed by MMFs. Romance scam victims tend to be middle-aged, well-educated women. Moreover, they tend to be more impulsive (scoring high on urgency and sensation seeking), less kind, more trustworthy, and have an addictive disposition. It is argued here that these findings might be useful for those developing prevention programs and awareness campaigns.

  3. Dialogismo no romance português contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Trentin Oliveira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivamos, neste artigo, refletir sobre a constituição dialógica do romance contemporâneo português, retomando, para isso, as contribuições de M. Bakhtin sobre esse gênero literário. Bakhtin enfatiza, nos seus estudos, o discurso bivocal de orientação vária, as interações complexas entre diferentes pontos de vista num mesmo enunciado, que elevariam a um mais alto grau o dialogismo do romance. O romance atual diversifica as formas de transmissão do discurso de outrem, embaralhando as vozes das personagens e exigindo atenção redobrada do leitor para a instituição do sentido. Exemplificamos essa tendência por meio da análise do romance Levantado do chão (1980, do consagrado autor português José Saramago.

  4. Protecciones solares y su implicancia en la demanda energética: caso edificio público en Concepción, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jazmín Jara Córdova

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Determinar las ganancias solares en el vano-ventana con protecciones solares y analizar el comportamiento térmico en un edificio es un tema relativamente nuevo en el ámbito chileno. No obstante, el inadecuado manejo del control solar, en algunos casos, genera problemas de sobrecalentamiento al interior de la edificación. Esta investigación busca establecer un procedimiento que permita evaluar cuatro tipos de protecciones solares y analizar sus implicancias energéticas en un edificio público, cuya infraestructura utilizada se justifica en el desconocimiento de nuevas exigencias que hará el Estado para este tipo de edificación. Para el caso de estudio se han determinado 37 escenarios con distintos factores solares modificados, definidos a través de cálculo manual, los cuales son evaluados bajo simulación dinámica (TAS. En primera instancia se analiza el comportamiento de dos recintos y posteriormente se obtienen los resultados en relación con la demanda energética del edificio. Las protecciones solares utilizadas (voladizos, retranqueo, lamas horizontales y verticales reducen la demanda de refrigeración de un 52 a 73% (aumentando la demanda de calefacción, sin embargo la demanda energética total (calefacción y refrigeración disminuye de un 24 a 31%.

  5. A identidade feminina no romance O quatrilho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Campos Sabino

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho aborda a representação da identidade feminina no romance O quatrilho, de José Clemente Pozenato (1991. Utilizando-se a distinção entre as buscas feminina (patriarcal e feminista (antipatriarcal, investigam-se comportamentos das personagens Teresa e Pierina que rompem com as tradições da época em relação ao ser feminino. Nesse sentido, objetiva-se discutir a relação existente entre mulher, cultura e sociedade, verificando as influências da cultura italiana e da Igreja Católica sobre a mulher e buscando compreender o gênero como constituinte da identidade dos sujeitos. Para tanto, a partir do Historicismo e de uma metodologia hermenêutica e qualitativa, são utilizadas informações sobre a identidade feminina herdada do cristianismo e mantida até a virada do século XIX. Os resultados obtidos reforçam a ideia de que as diferenças existentes na sociedade devem ser entendidas de acordo com os parâmetros ditados pela cultura.

  6. Understanding the "Guidebooks" to Writing Romance Fiction as Reinforcement of Self through the "Formula" Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffitt, Mary Anne

    A Jungian psychoanalytic approach, using the unconscious animus/anima archetype, can explain the appeal of the romance novel to women readers through an understanding of how the romance formula fulfills the psychological needs of contemporary women as the struggle for identity in a patriarchal society. The heroine of the romance is attracted to…

  7. Bodice Rippers without the Bodice: Ten Male-on-Male Romances for a Core Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Devon

    2011-01-01

    One of the hottest growing segments of the romance genre is male-on-male (M/M) romance--gay romantic fiction mostly written and read by straight women. Featuring traditional romance conventions, including mistaken identities, star-crossed lovers, and happy endings, these stories show both physical and emotional intimacy between men. M/M builds on…

  8. Stunted sexuality in havvthorne's the blithedale romance Stunted sexuality in havvthorne's the blithedale romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Gordenstein

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related Coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind. By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related Coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at lithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind.

  9. Stunted sexuality in hawthorne's the blithedale romance Stunted sexuality in hawthorne's the blithedale romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Gordenstein

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind. By now a commonplace of Blithedale Romance criticism is that Coverdale is a voyeur. But hardly anyone has related coverdale's voyeurism to the larger psychological pattern that includes voyeurism and these to its central themes. Otto Fenichel couples voyeurism and toucheurism and defines them as "scoptophilia, the sexualization of the sensations of looking... analogous to touch eroticism." 1 Doubly restricted by Victorian morality as well as by his American Puritan heritage, Hawthorne indicated that the motivations that drew people to and that characterized their relationships at Blithedale were, in part, sexual. Since he could not directly describe this sexuality he used sight and touch images to convey the kind of attraction he had in mind.

  10. Moderated Mediation Model of Interrelations between Workplace Romance, Wellbeing, and Employee Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Aamir Shafique; Jianguo, Du; Usman, Muhammad; Ahmad, Malik I

    2017-01-01

    In this study, first we examined the effect of workplace romance on employee job performance, and the mediatory role of psychological wellbeing in the relationship between workplace romance and employee performance. Then we tested the moderating effects of gender and workplace romance type - lateral or hierarchical - on the indirect effect of workplace romance on employee performance. Based on a survey of 311 doctors from five government teaching hospitals in Pakistan, we used structural equation modeling and bootstrapping to test these relationships. This study reveals that psychological wellbeing significantly fully mediates the positive relationship between workplace romance and job performance. Moreover, multi-group analysis shows that gender moderates the indirect effect of workplace romance on employee performance, where the indirect effect of workplace romance on employee performance is stronger for male participants. This study carries important implications, particularly for the policy makers and managers of healthcare sector organizations.

  11. Moderated Mediation Model of Interrelations between Workplace Romance, Wellbeing, and Employee Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Aamir Shafique Khan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, first we examined the effect of workplace romance on employee job performance, and the mediatory role of psychological wellbeing in the relationship between workplace romance and employee performance. Then we tested the moderating effects of gender and workplace romance type – lateral or hierarchical – on the indirect effect of workplace romance on employee performance. Based on a survey of 311 doctors from five government teaching hospitals in Pakistan, we used structural equation modeling and bootstrapping to test these relationships. This study reveals that psychological wellbeing significantly fully mediates the positive relationship between workplace romance and job performance. Moreover, multi-group analysis shows that gender moderates the indirect effect of workplace romance on employee performance, where the indirect effect of workplace romance on employee performance is stronger for male participants. This study carries important implications, particularly for the policy makers and managers of healthcare sector organizations.

  12. Romance of Leadership as a Leader Emergence Predictor

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cerny, Troy A

    2008-01-01

    ...) in the case of peer ratings. The assertion that locus of control will moderate the relationship between romance of leadership and leader emergence received strong support in the case of instructor ratings (p < .001) and partial support in the case of peer ratings (p < .06).

  13. Slumdog romance: Facebook love and digital privacy at the margins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Payal; Scheiber, Laura

    2017-01-01

    Facebook has consolidated its position as the one-stop-shop for social activity among the poor in the global South. Sex, romance, and love are key motivations for mobile and Internet technology usage among this demographic, much like the West. Digital romance is a critical context through which we gain fresh perspectives on Internet governance for an emerging digital and globalizing public. Revenge porn, slut-shaming, and Internet romance scams are a common and growing malady worldwide. Focusing on how it manifests in diverse digital cultures will aid in the shaping of new Internet laws for a more inclusive cross-cultural public. In specific, this article examines how low-income youth in two of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) nations – Brazil and India – exercise and express their notions on digital privacy, surveillance, and trust through the lens of romance. This allows for a more thorough investigation of the relationship between sexuality, morality, and governance within the larger Facebook ecology. As Facebook becomes the dominant virtual public sphere for the world’s poor, we are compelled to ask whether inclusivity of the digital users comes at the price of diversity of digital platforms.

  14. Romance of Leadership as a Leader Emergence Predictor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    ROMANCE OF LEADERSHIP AS A LEADER EMERGENCE PREDICTOR THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Systems and Engineering Management Graduate...trait theory of leadership , attempting to identify core traits of an individual that could predict successful leadership . The results were generally...needed to fully understand the construct (Van Wart, 2004). While trait theories have shown promising results, other leadership theories have been

  15. Dying for romance: risk taking as purposive behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Jason T

    2011-12-01

    Many approaches have been utilized to understand adolescent risk taking. The current research frames risk taking as a purposive behavior enacted with a specific goal in mind. Rather than assuming adolescent risk taking to be the result of arrogance or perceived invulnerability, adolescent risk taking is interpreted as a means to an end. Stemming from a Tolmanian framework, an alternative explanation for adolescent risk taking is tested: adolescents are willing to take risks to the extent that the risk is associated with a needed outcome - the greater the need for the outcome, the greater the willingness to take risks. To test the proposed hypothesis, 192 participants completed a survey about their need for a romantic relationship and their willingness to endure harm to obtain a romantic relationship. Data were collected at two time points. A hierarchical regression revealed that need for romance is a significant predictor of willingness to endure harm for romance, even after gender and sensation seeking are statistically controlled. Moreover, need for romance at T1 was shown to be predictive of harm for romance at T2. Results are supportive of taking a purposive - that is, Tolmanian - approach, as a means for interpreting adolescent behavior.

  16. On the contrast between Germanic and Romance negated quantifiers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cirillo, R.

    2009-01-01

    Universal quantifiers can be stranded in the manner described by Sportiche (1988), Giusti (1990) and Shlonsky (1991) in both the Romance and Germanic languages, but a negated universal quantifier can only be stranded in the Germanic languages. The goal of this paper is to show that this contrast

  17. Shostakovich: Six Romances on Japanese Poems, Op. 21 / David Nice

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nice, David

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Shostakovich: Six Romances on Japanese Poems, Op. 21. Six Poems of Marina Tsvetayeva, Op. 143. Suite on Verses of Michelangelo, Op. 145. Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. DG 447 085-2GH (71 minutes:DDD)

  18. The "F" Word: Is Feminism Incompatible with Beauty and Romance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Laurie A.; Fairchild, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    Three studies examined the predictive utility of heterosexual relationship concerns vis-a-vis support for feminism. Study 1 showed that beauty is perceived to be at odds with feminism, for both genders. The stereotype that feminists are unattractive was robust, but fully accounted for by romance-related attributions. Moreover, more attractive…

  19. Life history, sin, and disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eibach, Ulrich

    2006-08-01

    On the basis of experiences in pastoral hospital care, the relationship between disease, sin, and guilt in the life of patients is explored. Against the disregard of this subject in medicine, and even in most of pastoral care, it is argued that patients' interest requires that their hidden or manifest questions be addressed, rather than their being exposed to efforts at "helping" through mere attempts at "debt clearance." Only by openly confronting sin and guilt can the patient be taken seriously in his role as subject of his disease. Theological and anthropological background considerations revealing the essence of sin as a disruption or even destruction of the Divine gift of life in its realization through a lived relationship to God and other humans are offered as evidence for this claim.

  20. Implicancias territoriales de los esquemas de pago por servicios ambientales (PSA en cuencas norandinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Castro-Díaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tras la promoción del desarrollo sostenible, la pugna por la conservación de los espacios naturales o semi-intervenidos ha buscado programas que integren el crecimiento económico, los flujos ecosistémicos y el mejoramiento de las condiciones socioeconómicas de comunidades locales. Ante esto, las naciones latinoamericanas han creado marcos políticos de pago por servicios ambientales (PSA; empero, existe un vacío empírico en las implicaciones territoriales que tienen estos programas en determinados sistemas socioecológicos históricamente funcionales para el campesinado. Este artículo identifica los “supuestos” que fomentan los programas PSA en América Latina y analiza teóricamente las implicancias territoriales del cambio de uso del suelo sobre la titulación de tierras, el poder y el equilibrio, las estructuras comunitarias, la exclusión e inequidad social, la resignificación de los elementos territoriales y la lógica del nuevo mercado.

  1. Subjunctive dependents in Iberian Romance: A Reprojection account

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    Ángel J. Gallego

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper puts forward an analysis of subjunctive dependent clauses in Iberian Romance based on Hornstein and Uriagereka’s (2002 treatment of binary quantifiers. The main idea is that Chomsky’s (2004 Transfer operation can be associated to the effect of these quantifiers; more specifically, it is argued that indicative mood, contrary to subjunctive mood, operates as a binary quantifier, thus triggering the application of Transfer.

  2. From verbal prefixes to direction/result markers in Romance

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    Patrizia Cordin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I analyze verb-locative constructions in Romance. Even though not allowed in standard Romance languages, which have maintained and codified the classical Latin prefix system, these constructions are widely attested in non standard varieties, that are scarcely (or not at all regularized. In this paper I deal in particular with a northern Italian variety, Trentino, where locatives, combining with some classes of verbs (unaccusative verbs and transitive activity verbs can express not only concrete direction and metaphorical direction, but also aspect (the result of an activity or the progress of a process; in other words, they can express an abstract, more grammaticalized feature of direction. In fact, Trentino verb-locative constructions can express a specific phase of the development of an event, often the result (end-point of an activity, or the start-point, or the progress, or the intensity of the activity itself. I argue that in Trentino (and in other similar dialectal varieties locatives can function as grammatical markers both for arguments (in combination with motion verbs and for aspect (in combination with verbs involving the feature of an abstract path. In a more general context, I note that locatives in combination of verbs function as goal/result markers in those varieties that tend to spell out markers of functional elements, frequently generating a repetition (doubling of the same feature. Finally, I compare Romance and Germanic constructions, noting that diachronic, grammatical and typological differences (with particular reference to Talmy's distinction between verb-framed languages and satellite languages confirm the independence of Romance verb-locative constructions.

  3. The medieval feminine personage in the romance O guarani

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    Afrânio Gurgel Lucena

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available We objectify to present a intertextual analysis of the literary text that contemplates a process of mythical constitution of the personages of the romance the Guarani (1857 of the writer Jose de Alencar. Focamos the analysis on the Cecília young for where we discover its “static” adaptation as medieval myth in the Brazilian romantic romance. The unconditional, protective and servile love of the Peri indian (One arquétipo of the medieval knight. conditions the construction of the loved one, therefore under the medieval myth of the gracious love, a personage is formed in function of the other, is opposing destinations that search the balance in the love. Exactly being something distant and inaccessible, as they present the trovadorescas Cantigas of love. In the theoretical recital, we have: MOISÉS (2004 - 2005 characterizing the mythos and the definitions of the plain and round personages; a platonic reference to the servile love in the Slap-up meal; Spalding (1973, Brunel (1988 for the dicionarizações concerning the thematic one and of the critical one; in the literary theory, Brunel, Pichois and Rousseau (1995, p.115: the myth, “a narrative set consecrated by the tradition”; in Samuel (2000, the mythical literariedade in the formation of a people; Bosi (1994, information on the indianismo and Coutinho (1988, gênese of our literariedade and the romantic romance. Thus, our work presents a result to the literary study: the thematic influence of the Average Age and its mythical love (gracious and servile in the composition of the indianista romance.

  4. ROMANCE LOAN WORDS IN HRELJIĆ BEDROOM

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    Lina Pliško

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present the immediate etymology (etymologia proxima of twenty words of Romance origin belonging to the semantic field of furniture (5, bed parts (4, bed linen (5 and decorations and certain objects found (6 in the bedroom. The words have been obtained through field work in the Hreljići area, and attestations of these words were sought in dictionaries of the speech of the north Adriatic (Boljun, Grobnik, Labin, Medulin, Roveria dialects as well as the south Adriatic, primarily island, regions (Ugljan, Pag, Brač, Hvar. On the basis of the analysis of all the words obtained, it may be concluded that only two words from the questionnaire are of Slavic origin: postelja and punjava, and that, according to the immediate etymology, twenty words are of Istro-Venetian origin, i.e. from the Istrian variants of the Venetian dialect, which has been spoken in the region of Istria for centuries. This idiom is still spoken by many today, although it no longer serves as a lingua franca among the several ethnic and language groups living in the area as it once did: nowadays its role has been taken over by the standard Croatian language. By comparing the words obtained from Hreljići with those from other Čakavian dialects in Istria (in Medulin, Labin, Boljun and Roverian dialects, in Grobnik, as well as those from the southern Adriatic islands (Novlja on the island of Pag, Kukljica on the island of Ugljan, Brač, as well as Pitava and Zavala on Hvar, we have concluded that many words are used and have been preserved in the same form and with the same meanings that can be found in the dialect of Hreljići. In all the dictionaries we have consulted, nine words and their variants corresponding to those in Hreljići have been attested: armar/armarun/ormarun, lampadina/lampa, koltrina, šusta/šušta, kučeta/kočeta, štramac, lancun, kušin, intima/intimela. Two attested words of Venetian origin have only been found in certain Istrian idioms:

  5. Epic and Romance in The Lord Of The Rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Simonson

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the field of comparative literature The Lord of the Rings has been most frequently studied within the contexts of romance and epic. This approach, however, leaves out important generic aspects of the global picture, such as the narrative’s strong adherence to the novel genre and to mythic traditions beyond romance and epic narratives. If we choose one particular genre as the yardstick against which to measure the work’s success in narrative terms, we tend to end up with the conclusion that The Lord of the Rings does not quite make sense within the given limits of the genre in question. In Tolkien’s work there is a narrative and stylistic exploration of the different genres’ constraints in which the Western narrative traditions – myth, epic, romance, the novel, and their respective subgenres – interact in a previously unknown but still very much coherent world that, because of the particular cohesion required by such a chronotope, exhibits a clear contextualization of references to the previous traditions. As opposed to many contemporary literary expressions, the ensuing absence of irony and parody creates a generic dialogue, in which the various narrative traditions explore and interrogate each other’s limits without rendering the others absurdly incompatible, ridiculous or superfluous.

  6. Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Sex and Romance in Asexuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulmer, Maria; Izuma, Keise

    2017-03-31

    Despite the recent surge of interest in sexuality, asexuality has remained relatively underresearched. Distinct from abstinence or chastity, asexuality refers to a lack of sexual attraction toward others. Past research suggests asexuals have negative attitudes toward sex, though no research has examined implicit attitudes. While preliminary evidence suggests that many asexuals are interested in engaging in romantic relationships, these attitudes have yet to be examined thoroughly, implicitly, or compared with a control group. This study investigated explicit and implicit attitudes toward sex and romance in a group of asexuals (N = 18, age M = 21.11) and a group of controls (N = 27, age M = 21.81), using the Asexuality Identification Scale (AIS), the Triangular Love Scale (TLS), semantic differentials, an Implicit Association Task (IAT), and two Single Category IATs. It was found that asexuals exhibited more negative explicit and implicit attitudes toward sex, as well as more negative explicit attitudes toward romance, relative to controls. There was no significant difference between groups on implicit romantic attitudes. Moreover, aromantic asexuals demonstrated significantly more negative explicit attitudes toward romance than romantic asexuals, though there was no significant difference between groups on implicit measures. Explanations and implications of these findings are discussed.

  7. Safando a Mistida: deslizamentos entre trilogia, romance e palavra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Cristina Salvadori

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma leitura de Mistida, romance do autor guineense Abdulai Silá, baseada em algumas estratégias narrativas por ele empregadas. Uma dessas estratégias é a intertextualidade com os romances anteriores – A última tragédia e A eterna paixão – aspecto que dá a Mistida papel estruturador no arranjo arquitetônico da trilogia de mesmo nome. Outra estratégia é aquela que Guatarri e Deleuze definiram como típica de uma literatura menor, a de desterritorializar uma língua maior, neste caso uma língua européia – a portuguesa –, oficial mas de pouca circulação entre a população em geral, e reterritorializá-la a partir das referências de outras culturas locais, sinalizando que algo sempre fica de fora do sistema dito maior. Para compreender essa estratégia, detive-me principalmente na palavra mistida, que nomeia a trilogia e o romance, palavra de uso comum – safar a mistida –, que, como um riff, uma frase melódica, tema ainda por ser resolvido, repete-se e nos desafia a decifrá-la.Palavras-chave: Literaturas africanas; Literatura guineense; Literatura menor; Mistida; Intertextualidade.

  8. Shaping idealisms : studies in Middle English romances and the literature of the Medieval Revival

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldhoen, Norbertus Hermanus Gijsbertus Emmanuel

    2014-01-01

    Shaping Idealisms consists of eleven articles published earlier and three unpublished articles, a general introduction and a conclusion. The articles are mostly about Middle English romances and nineteenth- and twentieth-century romance-related texts. The general theme is the tension between

  9. On the lack of stranded negated quantifiers and inverse scope of negation in Romance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cirillo, R.

    2013-01-01

    The Germanic languages allow floating negated quantifiers (The children have not all not eaten) while the Romance languages do not. The Germanic languages also allow negation to take inverse scope over a universal quantifier (All the children have not eaten) whereas the Romance languages are very

  10. Rebecca Posner. Las lenguas romances, Cátedra, Madrid, 1998. [Ressenya

    OpenAIRE

    Gargallo Gil, José Enrique

    2000-01-01

    ... De la versión española es mi reseña. Pero no renuncio a contrastar datos de ésta con los del original. Ya desde el título (The Romance languages), que podría haberse vertido al castellano como Las lenguas románicas, o bien como Las lenguas romances.

  11. Implicancias de las cirugías estéticas en la salud física y psíquica de menores de edad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romina Bulege Núñez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo ha sido conocer en qué medida las cirugías estéticas en menores tienen implicancias en la salud física y psíquica, para ello se ha realizado la revisión de casos y experiencias en nuestro país y el extranjero. La oportunidad de hacerse una cirugía estética es muy difundida, y sobre todo se habla de los beneficios; sin embargo, lo que no hacen es ocuparse de los riesgos ni de los efectos psicológicos que en los menores de edad. De acuerdo con la Asociación Americana de Cirujanos Plásticos, por cada adolescente que se opera, 10 más están en Internet investigando el procedimiento quirúrgico que desean hacerse. Algunas conclusiones son que, la aplicación de cirugías estéticas en adolescentes se ve drásticamente afectada por la inestabilidad emocional e inmadurez propia de su etapa de desarrollo, el inconcluso crecimiento anatómico y los riesgos que toda intervención acarrea. Los países que registran mayores casos de estas cirugías están tomando medidas para proteger a menores como una acción de salud pública. Toda cirugía estética en menores exige evaluación psicológica previa. Aún queda a criterio propio la aprobación de esta estas cirugías, pero con la información preventiva correspondiente, priorizando siempre el bienestar del paciente y evitando al máximo exponerlo a cualquier tipo de riesgo físico o psicológico. Las cirugías estéticas en adolescentes no deberían estar permitidas, para ello consideré las implicaciones psicológicas como un factor determinante.

  12. As personagens femininas nos romances de Alice Rivaz

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Maria Clara

    2005-01-01

    Alice Rivaz é uma escritora suiça, admirada no seu país, mas ignorada fora deste. Com as outras inovadoras que foram Monique Saint-Hélier, Catherine Colomb e S. Corinna Bille entre outras romancistas menos conhecidas, Alice Rivaz renovou, desde os anos 30, a escrita romanesca na Suiça romanda. Os romances de Alice Rivaz desenrolam-se no seu contexto laboral e ela descreve-nos uma Genebra internacional da época, através de personagens cujas relações com a vida são o retrato d...

  13. Surrealismo e romance na França

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa de Freitas

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Panorama histórico do surrealismo literário na França e o caminho percorrido pelo romance no interior desse movimento, de modo a se constituir com autonomia frente à linha tradicional do gênero.Panorama historique du surréalisme littéraire en France et le chemin parcourru par le roman à l'intérieur de ce mouvement, de façon à se constituer en tant qu'autonome face à la tradition du genre.

  14. Transtornos de alimentación en adolescentes y sus implicancias en la salud bucal

    OpenAIRE

    Lorena Flores Barrantes; Mónica Valdivieso Vargas-Machuca

    2011-01-01

    Los trastornos de alimentación hoy en día son uno de los problemas más importantes que pone en riesgo la salud y a veces hasta la vida de muchos adolescentes en el mundo. Las causas de los trastornos de alimentación son aún desconocidas sin embargo factores sociales, culturales, genéticos y psiquiátricos serían los posibles causales de esta enfermedad. Trastornos como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosa han venido siendo estudiados por mayor tiempo, sin embargo hoy se conocen otros tipos de alt...

  15. SIN3A and SIN3B differentially regulate breast cancer metastasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Monica J.; Liu, Jianzhong; Libby, Emily Falk; Lee, Minnkyong; Crawford, Nigel P.S.; Hurst, Douglas R.

    2016-01-01

    SIN3 corepressor complexes play important roles in both normal development and breast cancer. Mammalian cells have two paralogs of SIN3 (SIN3A and SIN3B) that are encoded by distinct genes and have unique functions in many developmental processes. However, specific roles for SIN3A and SIN3B in breast cancer progression have not been characterized. We generated stable knockdown cells of SIN3 paralogs individually and in combination using three non-overlapping shRNA. Stable knockdown of SIN3B caused a significant decrease in transwell invasion through Matrigel and decreased the number of invasive colonies when grown in a 3D extracellular matrix. Conversely, stable knockdown of SIN3A significantly increased transwell invasion and increased the number of invasive colonies. These results were corroborated in vivo in which SIN3B knockdown significantly decreased and SIN3A knockdown increased experimental lung metastases. RNA sequencing was used to identify unique targets and biological pathways that were altered upon knockdown of SIN3A compared to SIN3B. Additionally, we analyzed microarray data sets to identify correlations of SIN3A and SIN3B expression with survival in patients with breast cancer. These data sets indicated that high mRNA expression of SIN3A as well as low mRNA expression of SIN3B correlates with longer relapse free survival specifically in patients with triple negative breast cancer which corresponds with our in vitro and in vivo data. These results demonstrate key functional differences between SIN3 paralogs in regulating the process of breast cancer metastasis and suggest metastasis suppressive roles of SIN3A and metastasis promoting roles of SIN3B. PMID:27780928

  16. Comportamientos abusivos de baja intensidad en las organizaciones: una revisión de la literatura y de sus implicancias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Moroni

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Los comportamientos abusivos en el trabajo afectan el clima organizacional y deterioran el compromiso de los empleados. Entre ellos los comportamientos abusivos de baja intensidad son los más difíciles de detectar, pues se manifiestan de modo sutil y subjetivo, a través de sucesivas interacciones entre los actores involucrados. La literatura organizacional ofrece múltiples constructos cuyas definiciones y alcances se superponen entre sí y dificultan su adecuado tratamiento. Basado en una revisión de la literatura empírica, este trabajo analiza 14 constructos diferentes referidos como comportamientos abusivos de baja intensidad, con el objetivo de identificar aquellas dimensiones comunes que los caracterizan y examinar los factores del contexto organizacional que facilitan su ocurrencia y propagación. Esta revisión concluye presentando sus implicancias prácticas.

  17. Comportamientos abusivos de baja intensidad en las organizaciones: una revisión de la literatura y de sus implicancias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Moroni

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los comportamientos abusivos en el trabajo afectan el clima organizacional y deterioran el compromiso de los empleados. Entre ellos los comportamientos abusivos de baja intensidad son los más difíciles de detectar, pues se manifiestan de modo sutil y subjetivo, a través de sucesivas interacciones entre los actores involucrados. La literatura organizacional ofrece múltiples constructos cuyas definiciones y alcances se superponen entre sí y dificultan su adecuado tratamiento. Basado en una revisión de la literatura empírica, este trabajo analiza 14 constructos diferentes referidos como comportamientos abusivos de baja intensidad, con el objetivo de identificar aquellas dimensiones comunes que los caracterizan y examinar los factores del contexto organizacional que facilitan su ocurrencia y propagación. Esta revisión concluye presentando sus implicancias prácticas.

  18. JUDEO - IGBO TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS CONCEPTION OF SIN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The word sin is more of a religious term than ordinary. It is basically an action of defiance. That is, an action through which one deviates from the correct way or through which one misses the mark. This paper looked at how the Jews of the Old and New Testament periods understood the concept of sin in their society.

  19. Reaction to Crisis in Gothic Romance: Radcliffe’s The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadej Braček

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Gothic romances were primarily women’s domain. This is proven by the fact that from the end of the eighteenth century to the beginning of the nineteenth century more than fifty female authors wrote Gothic romances. In the first part the paper depicts the emergence of romances, clarifies the notion of the Gothic and explains the theory of Gothic romances. The second part focuses on Ann Radcliffe’s first novel, The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne. This section analyses in what way men and women react to crises. It concludes that reactions are primarily based not on sex but on the benevolence and malevolence of literary characters. The former react with higher intensity on the physical level (passing out, becoming ill and the latter react vehemently in emotional sense towards their rivals. The originality of the article lies in the systematic analysis of characters’ responses to crisis and in the study of atypical features of this Gothic novel.

  20. O cronotopo bakhtiniano do romance (autobiográfico: da Antiguidade à contemporaneidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauliane Amaral

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, retomamos as reflexões sobre 'As formas de tempo e de cronotopo no romance' feitas por Mikhail Bakhtin e apresentadas em Questões de literatura e de estética: a teoria do romance, a fim de verificar as variações do cronotopo de 'Biografias e autobiografias antigas' no romance autobiográfico contemporâneo. Para isso, analisamos os cronotopos nos romances autobiográficos Paris é uma festa, de Ernest Hemingway, e Chá das cinco com o vampiro, de Miguel Sanches Neto. Nossa leitura do cronotopo bakhtiniano nessas narrativas nos leva a relacionar as formas de configuração entre espaço público e espaço privado e diferentes estratégias de representação.

  1. Micro-parametric variation in Romance causative constructions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Ciutescu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the syntax of analytic causative constructions with infinitival and subjunctive complementation. The study puts special emphasis on the syntactic position of the embedded subject (sensitive to the type of complement selected by the causative verb and delves into the micro-parametric variation of Catalan, Spanish, and Romanian causatives. Sound empirical evidence indicates that Romance causatives are built on two different underlying structures: one involves complex predicate formation; the other Exceptional Case Marking of the embedded subject by the causative verb. We argue in favour of (i treating the complex faire-infinitive construction as an instance of restructuring, in which faire is a restructuring verb and the infinitive a defective domain (Catalan, and (ii analyzing the causative constructions with pre-infinitival subjects in Spanish and Romanian as cases of Exceptional Case Marking (in Chomsky’s 2000 and 2001 framework.

  2. The Cartography of Ibero-Romance Agrammatic Deficits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Martinez-Ferreiro

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at examining whether grammatical errors produced by Broca’s aphasics are a consequence of a selective impairment of functional categories in three closely related Ibero-Romance languages — Catalan, Galician, and Spanish — for which almost no work had hitherto been done. In addition, a reinterpretation will be proposed under cartographical terms (Cinque 1999, 2002, 2006, Belletti 2004, Rizzi 2004 of previous structural neurolinguistic models of agrammatic production, more specifically the Tree-Pruning Hypothesis (Friedmann 1994, Friedmann & Grodzinsky 1997, and subsequent work. Cartography has been applied to the field of language variation. However, the present article constitute a completely new use. Since the Tree-Pruning Hypothesis was based on a model of monolithic nodes, the application of the cartographic tree structure provides us with further insights about the degree of structural preservation or damage of functional categories.

  3. UM ROMANCE HISTÓRICO DE LEONARDO SCIASCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermenegildo Bastos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Procuraremos aqui estudar a obra de Sciascia (principalmente Il consiglio d’Egitto, mas fazendo também referência a outras obras suas e sua relação com a problemática da história. Nesse contexto estudaremos a atualidade do romance histórico, a dimensão política da relação literatura/história, a urgência de a literatura narrar a história e procurar os valores humanos em um mundo em que eles parecem ter perecido. Para tanto, retomaremos algumas das discussões sobre a relação entre literatura e história, o que faremos recorrendo aos termos teóricos do debate atual.

  4. Investigating brand romance, brand attitude and brand loyalty in the cellphone industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liezl-Marié Kruger

    2013-09-01

    Research purpose: This study investigated the brand romance, -attitude and -loyalty of customers toward their cellphone brands in the North West Province, South Africa. Motivation for the study: One way in which brand loyalty in the cellphone industry can be achieved is to influence attitudes and, ultimately, create brand loyalty by promoting brand romance between the customer and the brand. Research design, approach and method: Being quantitative in nature, the study followed a descriptive research design to collect 371 responses through self-administered questionnaires. Main findings: The results indicated that most respondents were contract customers who only use a brand of cellphone for between one and three years. Brand romance toward cellphone brands was positive although room for improvement exists. Brand attitude toward current cellphone brands was also positive, but brand loyalty was fairly low, indicating that marketers need to improve brand loyalty toward their cellphone brand. There were, furthermore, significant and positive relationships between brand romance, brand attitude and brand loyalty toward cellphone brands. Practical/managerial implications: Brand romance can be considered to be a viable way of improving attitude toward a cellphone brand, ultimately leading to brand loyalty. Contribution/value-add: Brand romance in brand relationships has significant and positive relationships with brand attitude and brand loyalty in the cellphone industry of South Africa.

  5. Sructural equation modeling applied to sex, romance and liminal behaviour in tourism context - The case of Faro international bike meeting

    OpenAIRE

    Lança, M.; Marques, João Filipe; Valle, Patrícia Oom do

    2014-01-01

    Sex and romance are part of everyday life and therefore are part of the contemporary tourism experiences. Tourism, such as has been stressed by the literature, consists of a rupture with the everyday life – a liminal space-time which enables liminal behaviours. In these behaviours one can include a greater willingness for romance and sexual relationships. One of the dimensions of the theoretical articulation between tourism, romance and sexuality consists of the role played by these latter tw...

  6. Vía aérea superior, ronquido e implicancias clínicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. C. Alfredo Santamaría

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available La Roncopatía Primaria es un trastorno respiratorio del sueño que se caracteriza por no presentar apneas, desaturaciones ni microdespertares. Se presenta en más del 50% de la población adulta y se traduce en una obstrucción parcial de la vía aérea superior. Durante mucho tiempo se consideró sólo como un síntoma benigno, sin embargo, constituye una entidad patológica en sí misma y determina importantes repercusiones a nivel de funciones neurocognitivas, metabólicas y cardiovasculares. La polisomnografía constituye hoy el gold estándar en su estudio, sin embargo, análisis acústicos del ronquido presentan una relevancia creciente. Su manejo incorpora medidas médicas, quirúrgicas e instrumentales, debiendo siempre adecuarse en forma personalizada a cada individuo. El estudio etiológico y de los mecanismos histopatológicos y bioquímicos que determinan las repercusiones clínicas de la roncopatía, aportará nuevas herramientas que nos permitan profundizar y optimizar tanto su estudio como su tratamiento.

  7. Transtornos de alimentación en adolescentes y sus implicancias en la salud bucal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Flores Barrantes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Los trastornos de alimentación hoy en día son uno de los problemas más importantes que pone en riesgo la salud y a veces hasta la vida de muchos adolescentes en el mundo. Las causas de los trastornos de alimentación son aún desconocidas sin embargo factores sociales, culturales, genéticos y psiquiátricos serían los posibles causales de esta enfermedad. Trastornos como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosa han venido siendo estudiados por mayor tiempo, sin embargo hoy se conocen otros tipos de alteraciones las cuales ya son consideras como desordenes de alimentación y que requieren tratamiento multidisciplinario. En la cavidad oral de pacientes con desordenes alimenticios podemos encontrar algunos signos que nos hacen sospechar del problema o nos confirman el mismo, estos deben ser conocidos por el odontólogo para su diagnóstico oportuno y adecuado manejo. El objetivo del presente artículo de revisión es proporcionar al odontólogo los conocimientos generales sobre los diferentes tipos de trastornos alimenticios así como sus signos y síntomas para dar un correcto diagnóstico y acertado tratamiento.

  8. Resistencia antibiótica en bacilos gram negativos, cocáceas gram positivas y anaerobios. implicancias terapéuticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Alberto Fica, Dr.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available La resistencia antibiótica ha limitado progresivamente nuestras posibilidades terapeúticas y ha aumentado los costos. En este artículo se entrega una visión de los mecanismos más frecuentes en bacterias comunes, tanto comunitarias como nosocomiales y las implicancias terapéuticas que generan en el día a día.

  9. Quasi-Bodies and Kafka’s Castle in Sion Sono’s Crime Noir Guilty of Romance (2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo Chia-wen

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sion Sono’s Guilty of Romance (Koi no tsumi, 2011 was adapted from an actual crime in Tokyo’s love hotel: an educated woman (a prostitute at night was found decapitated and her limbs were re-assembled with a sex-doll. Sono renders this through his cinematic narrative blurring the distinction between true crime and fictional sin like Rancière’s idea that everything is a narrative dissipating the opposition between “fact and fiction,” and “quasi-body” becomes a product of human literarity while an imaginary collective body is formed to fill the fracture in-between. In Sono’s story, the victim is a literature professor tormented by an incestuous desire for her father, whose favorite book is Kafka’s Castle. Thus she compares the love-hotel district where she turns loose at night as a castle of lusts. Here the narrative becomes a collective body that puppeteers human “quasi-bodies” in a Kafkaesque spatio-temporal aporia, and time’s spatialized horizontally with the germs of desire spread like a contagion on a Deleuzian “plane of immanence.”

  10. Cirugía cardiovascular sin sangre

    OpenAIRE

    Portilla Fernández, María del Pilar; Fundación Valle de Lili

    2005-01-01

    ¿Cómo surgieron las cirugías sin el uso de sangre de donantes?/Programa de cirugía cardiaca sin sangre/Riesgo del uso de sangre de banco/Equipo humano/Técnicas y estrategias/El salvador de células/Hemodilución normovolémica aguda/Hipotermia intra-operatoria/Mantenimiento de la normotermia post-operatoria/Medicamentos/Controles intra-operatorios/Cirujanos experimentados/Proyecciones.

  11. Determiner selection in romance languages: evidence from French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P; Bard, Ellen G

    2010-11-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the following word. In the present study, we used the picture-word interference paradigm to investigate the dependency of the determiner on the noun's features in French. In 3 experiments, we found a gender congruency effect at +200 stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), indicating that participants were slower to produce the name of a picture (determiner + noun) when the picture-word pair was incongruent in gender than when it was congruent. We failed to replicate this effect at 0 SOA, in line with previous studies (Alario & Caramazza, 2002). Our results suggest that the features involved in determiner selection are not language specific but rather are specific to the determiner system. (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved

  12. Romancing the boundary: client masculinities in the Chinese sex industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Travis S K

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws on 24 in-depth interviews and 2 focus-group discussions conducted since 2012 with Hong Kong heterosexual men who buy sex in order to examine men's level of physical and emotional engagement with sex workers under two dominant sexual scripts in contemporary Hong Kong. Torn between companionate sexuality, with its companionate model of relationships, and recreational sexuality, with its promiscuous model of sexual pleasure, Hong Kong male clients seek to satisfy their sexual and affective needs through commercial sexual relationships. The term (meaning 'chicken worm', connoting a 'McSex' form of masculinity) refers to those men who seek impersonal sexual release with as many women as they wish, while the term (meaning 'sunken boat' and connoting a 'Titanic' form of masculinity) refers to those men who seek an intense level of emotional intimacy with sex workers. Between these two contrasting types, the majority of respondents fall into a form of 'bounded' masculinity characteristic of men who emphasise control and balance by seeking emotionally responsive women in a time-bound romance. By comparing clients' variations in the level of physical and emotional engagement with sex workers, this paper seeks to understand individual differences in client types and offers a new understanding of Chinese male sexuality and relationship formation, and the corresponding health risks (e.g., sexual, emotional) associated with each type.

  13. Sin Stocks in Self Managed Superannuation Funds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter J. Phillips

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ethical or responsible investing has attracted much attention over the last decade. Financial planners can nowadvise clients on a broad range of ethical investment products and some financial planning firms have this astheir sole activity. Interestingly, the alter ego of ethical investing, sin or vice investing, has attracted far lessattention. Recent research shows that ‘sinful’ investments can generate very strong returns and shouldcertainly not be avoided by investors without a full evaluation of the consequences of excluding theseinvestments from the portfolio. This paper extends these findings into the field of self managedsuperannuation funds operating within an Australian context. The prevalence of sinful investments within asample of SMSFs and the returns that may be generated by a portfolio consisting of sinful Australian equitiesis examined. Analysis reveals that the SMSF investors within the sample do not include very many sin stocksin their portfolios. However, it does not appear as though SMSF trustees are missing an important investmentopportunity because the analysis reveals that an equally-weighted portfolio of all vice or sin shares is unlikelyto generate superior returns.

  14. "CAPITÃES DA AREIA": O ROMANCE POÉTICO-SOCIAL DE JORGE AMADO.

    OpenAIRE

    Marilia Danielle Santos Cerqueira; Universidade Federal da Bahia

    2012-01-01

    O artigo analisa o romance, Capitães da areia, do escritor Jorge Amado, com ênfase na convivência harmônica entre a poesia e o engajamento social. O contexto aparentemente vulgar, em que ocorrem as aventuras e desventuras dos capitães, estimula o autor na produção de texto poético que envolve idealismo e luta social. Diante da finalidade de crítica social do romance em questão, entende-se que o mundo é apresentado por intermédio da perspectiva dos excluídos e marginalizados. E, no âmbito lite...

  15. Original Sin and T. E. Hulme's Aesthetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishler, Thomas C.

    1976-01-01

    T. E. Hulme, a vigorous opponent of romanticism in art, poetry, and philosophy, insisted that the underlying flaw of the romantic view was its rejection of the dogma of Original Sin and the fall of man. His views are explored for the significant bearing they have on the development of aesthetic insight and indirectly on value and outlook.…

  16. Original antigenic sin: A comprehensive review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatti, Anup; Monsalve, Diana M; Pacheco, Yovana; Chang, Christopher; Anaya, Juan-Manuel; Gershwin, M Eric

    2017-09-01

    The concept of "original antigenic sin" was first proposed by Thomas Francis, Jr. in 1960. This phenomenon has the potential to rewrite what we understand about how the immune system responds to infections and its mechanistic implications on how vaccines should be designed. Antigenic sin has been demonstrated to occur in several infectious diseases in both animals and humans, including human influenza infection and dengue fever. The basis of "original antigenic sin" requires immunological memory, and our immune system ability to autocorrect. In the context of viral infections, it is expected that if we are exposed to a native strain of a pathogen, we should be able to mount a secondary immune response on subsequent exposure to the same pathogen. "Original antigenic sin" will not contradict this well-established immunological process, as long as the subsequent infectious antigen is identical to the original one. But "original antigenic sin" implies that when the epitope varies slightly, then the immune system relies on memory of the earlier infection, rather than mount another primary or secondary response to the new epitope which would allow faster and stronger responses. The result is that the immunological response may be inadequate against the new strain, because the immune system does not adapt and instead relies on its memory to mount a response. In the case of vaccines, if we only immunize to a single strain or epitope, and if that strain/epitope changes over time, then the immune system is unable to mount an accurate secondary response. In addition, depending of the first viral exposure the secondary immune response can result in an antibody-dependent enhancement of the disease or at the opposite, it could induce anergy. Both of them triggering loss of pathogen control and inducing aberrant clinical consequences. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Vivencias de los adultos jóvenes con autoimagen alterada por estrabismo. implicancias para el hacer de enfermería.

    OpenAIRE

    Mino Yglesias, María Esther

    2014-01-01

    El presente estudio se realizó con el objetivo de develar las vivencias de los adultos jóvenes con autoimagen alterada por estrabismo y, sus implicancias para el hacer de enfermería, que concurrieron a la consulta externa del Instituto Regional de Oftalmología de Trujillo. La metodología es cualitativa de modalidad fenomenológica de tipo estructural, dentro de la perspectiva de Martin Heidegger. La muestra estuvo conformada por ocho adultos jóvenes de ambos sexos, entre los veinte y treinta a...

  18. FERA DE MACABU: O ROMANCE-REPORTAGEM DE UM CONDENADO À MORTE BEAST OF MACABU: ROMANCE, STORY OF A CONDEMNED TO DEATH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RILDO COSSON

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Após realizar uma intensa pesquisa sobre o processo judicial que levou ofazendeiro Manoel da Motta Coqueiro à morte por enforcamento, Carlos Marchiescreveu Fera de Macabu: a história e o romance de um condenado à morte.A primeira parte do título se refere ao epíteto dado pelos jornais da época aofazendeiro acusado de exterminar uma família de colonos em Macabu. A segundaprocura justificar a opção do autor por uma narrativa que mistura jornalismo,história e literatura. Tal localização remete a obra, segundo a leitura que aquipropomos, ao romance-reportagem como um gênero que é, ao mesmo tempo,jornalístico e literário.After working hard in a research about the death by hanging of a rich farmer,Carlos Marchi wrote Fera de Macabu: a história e o romance de um condenadoà morte. The first part of the book’s title is addressed to the way that the localnewspaper labeled the farmer accused of being the man who sent to death afamily of workers. The second is an awkward way of explaining the blend ofjournalism, history and literature in the narrative. However, we believe that thebest way of reading this book is as a nonfiction novel.

  19. O romance moderno como epopeia burguesa: o realismo inglês setecentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafhael Borgato

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da questão do romance e sua relação com o conceito de epopeia. Pensadores como Hegel e Georg Lukács se perguntaram: em que consiste o épico? Ambos se questionam se a epopeia desaparece com o fim do período histórico e cultural no qual tal forma literária existia ou se há uma representação do mundo própria do épico que pode se disseminar por outros gêneros. Para eles, existe um componente épico na forma romance, e o objetivo deste trabalho é justamente analisar essa composição, que consiste na figuração do imaginário burguês. A análise do conceito de épico no gênero romance foi realizada por meio de uma leitura de Robinson Crusoe, de Daniel Defoe, que corresponde ao arquétipo da possibilidade de epopeia no romance. Apontamos a caracterização do indivíduo burguês, sob o imaginário do puritanismo protestante, como meio de figuração dessa essência épica.

  20. The dimensions of brand romance as predictors of brand loyalty among cell phone users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danie Petzer

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In a competitive cell phone industry where consumers have a wide variety of cell phone brands to choose from, it is imperative for marketers to foster brand loyalty in order to establish enduring consumer-brand relationships. Nurturing brand romance has been suggested to marketers to cultivate emotional attachments between consumers and brands so as to increase brand loyalty. This study focussed on determining the extent to which the three underlying dimensions of brand romance, namely pleasure, arousal and dominance predict brand loyalty among cell phone users in the North West province. In total 371 respondents participated in the study. Results indicate that with respect to brand romance, respondents’ current cell phone brands generate brand pleasure and brand arousal, but that these brands are not dominant in their minds. Although respondents participating in the study did not exhibit strong levels of brand loyalty towards their current cell phone brands, the three underlying dimensions of brand romance are statistically significant predictors of brand loyalty.

  1. Facets of morbid jealousy: With an anecdote from a historical Tamil romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somasundaram, O

    2010-07-01

    Morbid jealousy is a symptom which occurs in many psychiatric conditions. The complex emotional aspects of jealousy have been discussed by earlier authors. The clinical, cultural, social, and forensic aspects, are touched upon. Morbid jealousy is a favourite topic among novelists and dramatists. "Othello" is a classic example. This topic is covered in one of the famous historical romances of the Tamil author, Kalki.

  2. Tried and True: The Romance of the Atoms--Animated Atomic Attractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibbitt, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Since the formation of atomic bonds is active, the authors sought a way of learning through drama or kinetic activity. To achieve this goal, they developed an activity called Romance of the Atoms. The activity requires students to use computer-animation technology to develop short cartoons that explain atomic classification and bonds. This…

  3. Virtuous Vampires and Voluptuous Vamps: Romance Conventions Reconsidered in Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkola, Lydia

    2011-01-01

    It is presumed that readers of Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" enjoy the sexual tension between Bella and Edward; a tension that remains unresolved until the couple are married. This very traditional solution to the couple's carnal desires is just one of many ways in which the novels adhere to the conventions of romance writing for young people.…

  4. "Who Does She Think She Is?"--Vernacular Medium and Failed Romance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandhu, Priti

    2014-01-01

    Through a close analysis of an Indian woman's unsuccessful romance narrative, this article examines how class-based ideologies and prejudices concerning English and vernacular medium education sustain and perpetuate dismissive and disparaging attitudes toward people educated in the vernacular. The analysis utilizes theoretical understandings of…

  5. Pitch accent alignment in romance: primary and secondary associations with metrical structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto, Pilar; D'Imperio, Mariapaola; Fivela, Barbara Gili

    2005-01-01

    The article describes the contrastive possibilities of alignment of high accents in three Romance varieties, namely, Central Catalan, Neapolitan Italian, and Pisa Italian. The Romance languages analyzed in this article provide crucial evidence that small differences in alignment in rising accents should be encoded phonologically. To account for such facts within the AM model, the article develops the notion of "phonological anchoring" as an extension of the concept of secondary association originally proposed by Pierrehumbert and Beckman (1988), and later adopted by Grice (1995), Grice, Ladd, and Arvaniti (2000), and others to explain the behavior of edge tones. The Romance data represent evidence that not only peripheral edge tones seek secondary associations. We claim that the phonological representation of pitch accents should include two independent mechanisms to encode alignment properties with metrical structure: (1) encoding of the primary phonological association (or affiliation) between the tone and its tone-bearing unit; and (2), for some specific cases, encoding of the secondary phonological anchoring of tones to prosodic edges (moras, syllables, and prosodic words). The Romance data described in the article provide crucial evidence of mora-edge, syllable-edge, and word-edge H tonal associations.

  6. What Are the Odds: An Examination of Adolescent Interracial Romance and Risk for Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Byron

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies find that romantic relationships adversely affect adolescents' psychological well-being, yet none examine the differential effects of adolescent romance for same-race and interracial daters. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), I find that heterosexual adolescents in same-race…

  7. Non-fluent aphasia in Ibero-Romance : A review of morphosyntactic deficits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martínez-Ferreiro, Silvia; de Aguiar, Vânia; Rofes, Adrià

    2015-01-01

    Background: Castilian-Spanish, Catalan, Galician, and European Portuguese are the most widely spoken languages of the Ibero-Romance group. An increasing number of authors have addressed the impact of aphasia on the morphosyntax of these varieties. However, accurate linguistic characterisations are

  8. Intercomprehension between Romance Languages and the Role of English: A Study of Multilingual Chat Rooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo-Pfeifer, Sílvia

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we focus on the role English plays in multilingual chat rooms in Romance Languages. We intend to demonstrate how English, even as forbidden language in this particular setting, is a mediation and a remediation tool. Our conclusions point out that: (1) English is an constructive resource in multilingual communication; (2) it has a…

  9. Knowledge of Love: Narratives of Romance Told by 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Marit

    2013-01-01

    This article reports research on young people's conceptualisations of love and romance through a gender perspective. The data are stories written by 12-year-old girls and boys in Norway who were asked to fantasise about their future love life. Their narratives are explored through discourse analysis and semiotics and analysed within a sociological…

  10. Love and Art Strike Back: A.S. Byatt’s Possession: A Romance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Tine Engel

    2004-01-01

    Possession can be seen as an enactment of the conflicts between a number of powerful - and quite classic - extremes (anatomy-romance, intellectual experience-sensuous experience, theory-art, reason-love, irony-pathos), which, in the aesthetic experience of the reader, it overcomes and transcends....

  11. Administración sin fronteras

    OpenAIRE

    Chiavenato, Idalberto

    2010-01-01

    Dentro de las conferencias presentadas en el marco del IX Congreso Nacional de Administradores de Empresas y 11 Internacional con sede en la Universidad Santiago de Cali, merece destacarse la expuesta por el profesor ldalberto Chiavenato Administración sin Fronteras, de la cual presentamos una síntesis a modo de resumen, antes de pasar a su transcripción completa.

  12. Advertising and the Seven Sins of Memory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Percy, Larry

    2004-01-01

    A positive intention may be formed as a result of exposure to an advertisement, but if a memory malfunction interferes with that intention, the advertising will be ineffective.This paper considers the implications for advertisers of Daniel Schacter’s ‘seven sins of memory’: transcience, absent......-mindedness, blocking, misattribution, suggestibility, bias and persistence. Each of the ‘sins’ is explained in detail and advice provided for advertisers on how to avoid these pitfalls....

  13. Interrelationships between romance, life quality, and medical training of female residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu-Jung; Hsu, Kan-Lin; Chang, Chin-Sung; Wu, Chih-Hsing

    2012-08-01

    For the past 30 years, there has been a steady increase in the number of female physicians, but the relationship between their romantic lives and their pattern of training has been inadequately reported. This study was designed to investigate the interrelationships between medical training, quality of life, and the attitudes that female residents have toward romance. Of the 106 female medical residents at our medical center in 2009, a total of 78 residents (73.6%) were enrolled for the study. Structured questionnaires (Cronbach α = 0.878), which included questions about female resident quality of life, attitude toward spousal choice, and the impact of programmed professional medical training, were self-administered through an anonymous process. Female residents, especially ward-care specialists, were determined to have excessively long working hours (84.6% > 88 work hours/week), insufficient and irregular sleep (44.9%), and inadequate personal time (73.1% romances, 87.5% (n = 40) of romantic partners were physicians and 58.3% (n = 28) initiated their relationships when they were medical students, but exhibited no preferential dating of senior medical students or physicians. Factors affecting the choice of spouses included time limitations, a limited circle of friends, differences in values, and work-related stress. Those presumptive factors influencing romance between the assumed partner being a doctor or a "nondoctor" were significantly different with regard to lack of time (p = 0.002), values (p Romance and quality of life were significantly influenced by the pattern of medical training in female residents. Setting duty-hour limits and initiating a new hobby were determined to be potentially beneficial to their quality of life and attitudes toward romance. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  14. Sin3b Interacts with Myc and Decreases Myc Levels*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Sanz, Pablo; Quintanilla, Andrea; Lafita, M. Carmen; Moreno-Bueno, Gema; García-Gutierrez, Lucia; Tabor, Vedrana; Varela, Ignacio; Shiio, Yuzuru; Larsson, Lars-Gunnar; Portillo, Francisco; Leon, Javier

    2014-01-01

    Myc expression is deregulated in many human cancers. A yeast two-hybrid screen has revealed that the transcriptional repressor Sin3b interacts with Myc protein. Endogenous Myc and Sin3b co-localize and interact in the nuclei of human and rat cells, as assessed by co-immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence, and proximity ligation assay. The interaction is Max-independent. A conserved Myc region (amino acids 186–203) is required for the interaction with Sin3 proteins. Histone deacetylase 1 is recruited to Myc-Sin3b complexes, and its deacetylase activity is required for the effects of Sin3b on Myc. Myc and Sin3a/b co-occupied many sites on the chromatin of human leukemia cells, although the presence of Sin3 was not associated with gene down-regulation. In leukemia cells and fibroblasts, Sin3b silencing led to Myc up-regulation, whereas Sin3b overexpression induced Myc deacetylation and degradation. An analysis of Sin3b expression in breast tumors revealed an association between low Sin3b expression and disease progression. The data suggest that Sin3b decreases Myc protein levels upon Myc deacetylation. As Sin3b is also required for transcriptional repression by Mxd-Max complexes, our results suggest that, at least in some cell types, Sin3b limits Myc activity through two complementary activities: Mxd-dependent gene repression and reduction of Myc levels. PMID:24951594

  15. Design, development, implementation and evaluation of a purilingual ICALL system for romance languages aimed at advanced learners

    OpenAIRE

    Koller, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Plurilingual teaching and learning of Romance languages exploits the similarities between these languages to teach them contrastively and to raise the language awareness of the learner. Several European projects have been devoted to plurilingual teaching and learning of Romance languages. The materials developed in these projects do not involve Natural Language Processing (NLP) capabilities and almost exclusively focus on receptive skills. The research goal of my Ph.D. dissertation was th...

  16. La persistencia bacteriana: una problemática ignorada por una ciencia sin respuestas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FORMENTINI E

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available ARTÍCULO DE OPINIÓN. En nuestra cultura occidental tenemos un concepto triunfalista y mesiánico de la ciencia, ya que se confía que tarde o temprano la misma hallará respuestas y soluciones a los problemas del hombre. Sin embargo, la ciencia tiende a negar sistemáti-camente todo aquello para lo cual no tiene explicación y condena al olvido a todo conocimiento para lo cual no tiene aplicación actual. Las bacterias persistentes son uno de esos problemas olvidados, que recientemente ha despertado interés en la comunidad científica, al tener que enfrentarse a la problemática creciente de la resistencia bacteriana. Este artículo trata dos temas disímiles pero que están estrechamente relacionados. El primero, consiste en explicar el ignorado y olvidado fenómeno de la persistencia bacteriana y su impli-cancia en la progresiva disminución de la vida útil de los antibióticos. El segundo, es un análisis epistémico-ético con el objetivo de dilucidar la responsabilidad de la ciencia respecto de la ignorancia y el olvido de esta problemática. Finalmente se propone una pos-tura epistemológica para la revalorización constante de los conocimientos olvidados. SUMMARY. Bacterial persistence: an ignored problem by a science without answers. In our western culture, we have a triumphalist and messianic conception of science, since it is confided that sooner or later it will find the answers and the solutions to the problems of humanity. However, science tends to systematically ignore everything for which it has no explanation, and condemns to oblivion all knowledge that has not practical application. Persister cells are one of those forgotten problems, although it has recently attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the growing problem of bacterial resistance. This article addresses two dissimilar but closely related topics. The first is to explain the forgotten and ignored phenomenon of persister cells

  17. THE HEIDELBERG CATECHISM ON HUMAN SIN AND MISERY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christian needs to take the concept of sin very seriously, even if we are not to dwell on it. There are three reasons for this: first, sin-talk is not the same as moralism; second, sin-talk is intertwined with grace; and third, we have an ethical responsibility to talk of human sin and misery. A few brief comments on each of these.

  18. The Heidelberg Catechism on human sin and misery | Baard | Acta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Heidelberg Catechism's section on Sin and Misery does not provide a moralistic or legalistic perspective on the human condition. Instead, it offers, in abbreviated format, a restatement of the doctrine of original sin, which points to sin as a condition and not just an act. As such, it invites us to think more deeply about the ...

  19. The Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research SIN

    CERN Document Server

    Pritzker, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    This book tells the story of the Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research (SIN). The institute was founded in 1968 and became part of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in 1988. Its founding occurred at a time when physics was generally considered the key discipline for technological and social development. This step was unusual for a small country like Switzerland and showed courage and foresight. Equally unusual were the accomplishments of SIN, compared with similar institutes in the rest of the world, as well as its influence on Swiss, and partially also on international politics of science. That this story is now available in a widely understandable form is due to the efforts of some physicists, who took the initiative as long as contemporary witnesses could still be questioned. As is usually the case, official documents always show just an excerpt of what really happened. An intimate portrayal of people who contributed to success requires personal memories. This text relies on both sources. In addition, the e...

  20. El valor de la lectura o cómo eludir el engaño. La trascendencia del romance de la esposa infiel como una lucha indicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia D'Onofrio

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available By studying the American tradition of the romance of La esposa infiel stands out the importance attributed in this romance to the struggle waged between man and woman concerning the deciphering and concealment of clues. Based on this layout, it is proposed that the nucleus of interest of the romance lies on the problematics of deceit in general and the necessity of disclosing it.

  1. Un ejemplo de evolución literaria: Romance de El prisionero.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Grande Quejigo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available La riqueza del saber popular modifica las versiones literarias de aquellas manifestaciones que se transmiten de forma oral. En este sentido, la recreación en el siglo XX del tradicional romance de El Prisionero es un claro ejemplo de actualización del texto, acomodándolo a su tiempo y lugar, una vez alejado de su génesis. El presente artículo es una muestra de las oscilaciones de significado en la obra que, manteniendo ciertos motivos originarios, incorpora otros nuevos que lo amplifican y alteran su valor, al tiempo que nos demuestra la vigencia de la literatura de romances como ejemplo de literatura viva y en constante transformación.

  2. Romance in Peril: A Survey of the Genre in Seventeenth Century English Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Bal

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The seventeenth century in England can be seen as the age which marked the beginning of modernity as well as the beginning of empirical thought. Rationalization of viewpoints combined with the political turmoil of the century, causing immense setbacks within the English literary traditions. One of these setbacks took place within the romance tradition which had been a major mode of writing during the earlier centuries. In this sense, this article analyses reasons of the decline of the romance tradition throughout seventeenth century English literature as well as examining how the genre managed to survive either implicitly or explicitly in several works like Oroonoko by Aphra Behn, pastoral poems by Andrew Marvel and Milton, and in some parts of Milton’s Paradise Lost.

  3. Rapunzel Loves Merida: Melodramatic Expressions of Lesbian Girlhood and Teen Romance in Tangled, Brave, and Femslash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapurch, Katie

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the melodramatic expression of lesbian girlhood and teen romance in Disney's Tangled (2010) and Disney Pixar's Brave (2012), as well as "Meripunzel" femslash, fan-authored romantic pairings of the animations' female protagonists. First, Anne Sexton's poem, "Rapunzel," offers a literary precedent for exploring lesbian themes in the fairy tale. The next section shows how Tangled and Brave invoke the narrative conventions of the family melodrama. This generic association reveals the films' uses of rhetoric familiar to youth coming-out narratives, as well as other visual and aural coding suggestive of queer styles. The last section shows how Meripunzel femslash taps into the films' existing melodramatic narrative forms and visual aesthetics, rehearsing their coming-out rhetoric while addressing the pleasures of and problems facing lesbian teen romance. I conclude by problematizing the often conventional expressions of lesbian girlhood in femslash, ultimately arguing for their empowering potential, especially as they indicate revised definitions of "princess."

  4. Speaking through the flesh: Affective encounters, gazes and desire in Harlequin romances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Hirdman

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the wake of the affective turn, emotion and embodiment have emerged as key terms in cultural studies in order to acknowledge the affective dimension of media texts (Gibbs, 2002; Gregg & Seigworth, 2010. Drawing from the cross-disciplinary field of affect theory, the article examines the writing of desire in Harlequin romances through the delineation of gendered encounters. Against the backdrop of earlier feminist critiques of romance fiction, it argues that Harlequin’s intense focus on corporeal sensations and gazes encompasses a looking relationship that differs significantly from the visual mediation of gender and desire. With its use of an extended literary transvestism, a double narrator perspective, and the appropriation of a female gaze, Harlequin offers readers an affective imaginary space in which the significance of the gendered body is re-made, re-versed, and the male body is stripped of its unique position.

  5. Fidelidade na transposição de um romance para o cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hohlfeldt, Antônio

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A transposição de um trabalho literário para o cinema exige adequação às especificidades de cada linguagem, sem o que as obras perdem sua autonomia. No caso do romance Netto perde sua alma, de Tabajara Ruas 1, esta especificidade se dá através de uma ênfase diferenciada sobre os focos de atenção existentes em cada uma das obras, valorizando, o romance, a introspecção psicológica e, o filme, a perspectiva histórico-política traduzida na ênfase aos dois personagens negros em contraponto com a figura do general

  6. O Brasil contemporâneo em dois romances de Chico Buarque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Octavio Belinelli de Brito

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Estorvo e Leite Derramado, dois romances de Chico Buarque, apresentam-se como importantes contribuições para se pensar o Brasil contemporâneo. Nesse sentido, o presente artigo buscará esclarecer os pressupostos históricos e sociais presentes em tais livros, partindo das leituras feitas por Roberto Schwarz. Dessa maneira, pretende-se articular o diagnóstico de Schwarz sobre o Brasil contemporâneo à maneira como tal diagnóstico é formulado nos dois livros de Chico Buarque. Convém esclarecer que essas dimensões se articulam não apenas num sentido unívoco. Por fim, o artigo pretende indicar paralelos que os romances destacados podem ter com reflexões contemporâneas de outros autores ligados ao que se costuma chamar de “tradição crítica brasileira”.

  7. Romance in Peril: A Survey of the Genre in Seventeen Century English Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Bal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The seventeenth century in England can be seen as the age which marked the beginning of modernity as well as the beginning of empirical thought. Rationalization of viewpoints combined with the political turmoil of the century, causing immense setbacks within the English literary traditions. One of these setbacks took place within the romance tradition which had been a major mode of writing during the earlier centuries. In this sense, this article analyses reasons of the decline of the romance tradition throughout seventeenth century English literature as well as examining how the genre managed to survive either implicitly or explicitly in several works like Oroonoko by Aphra Behn, pastoral poems by Andrew Marvel and Milton, and in some parts of Milton’s Paradise Lost.

  8. Los Refranes o Proverbios en Romance (1555, de Hernán Núñez, Pinciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madroñal, Abraham

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The work tries to consider «Refranes o proverbios en romance» by Hernán Núñez, the Greek Commander, a peculiar work that appears in an important moment of the Spanish history and literature. It is also remarkable for being a posthumuous work because his author did not want to publish it in life or to leave it unknown. The study focus on the peculiarities of all type, from the purely linguistic ones to those which have to do with the literature, without forgetting the circunstances of the author and the relationships that this collection of proverbs has with other previous and later ones (Valles, Mal Lara, Correas, Spanish and foreigners. The work genesis, its originalilty and repercussion..., and the editions from the first to the last one (2001 are also studied. Hernán Núñez, Professor at Salamanca University, prestigious philologist at his time, publisher and translator of classical editions, decides to make a collection of proverbs at the end of his life, the most plentiful ever known. So that he does not mind using any procedure to get the proverbs: from buying them to his students to going to other compilations, hand-written or in progress. His relationship with the Erasmism and humanists of the age are shown in these pages which include clearly irreverent, anticlerical and scatological proverbs that shocked later writers.El trabajo pretende considerar la obra Refranes o proverbios en romance (1555 de Hernán Núñez, Comendador Griego, una obra curiosa que aparece en un momento crucial de la historia y de la literatura españolas. Se da la particularidad además de que es obra póstuma porque su autor no quiso que se publicara en vida, pero tampoco que quedara inédita. El estudio se centra en las peculiaridades de todo tipo, desde las puramente lingüísticas a las que tienen que ver con lo literario, sin dejar de considerar las circunstancias personales del autor y las relaciones que este refranero tiene con otros anteriores y

  9. ( ) 100 dk sin cTk ikX

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    GENERAL I ARTICLE a function of IX I. Using eikX = cos kX + i sin A~X, we see that the contribution from the sin kX term vanishes because the integrand is an odd function of k. Thus u(1)(X, T). CB(T). -- sin (cTk) cos kX. 100 dk o 7rk. 100 dk. C B ( T ). -. ( sin (CT + X) k + sin (CT - X) k) o 27rk i B ( T) (c (CT + X) + c (CT - X) ).

  10. ‘FOR MUSIKE MEUEÞ AFFECCIOUNS’: INTERPRETING HARP PERFORMANCE IN MEDIEVAL ROMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Alana Bennett

    2015-01-01

    Performances are focal points in medieval romances with musical protagonists. Whilst these performances may not necessarily be accurate representations of medieval music, such episodes in popular literature are valuable to early music practitioners because they describe the whole context of the performance. These scenes preserve a snapshot of the medieval experience of music: the physicality of the performance, the sounds created and the emotional responses to the music. The hyperbolic tenden...

  11. The servants of chivalry? Dwarfs and porters in Malory and the Middle English Gawain romances

    OpenAIRE

    Leitch, Megan

    2017-01-01

    This essay explores the ways in which dwarfs and porters are sources of\\ud information, and often, more specifically, of ethical advice and/or judgement. As masculine,\\ud non-chivalric servants, dwarfs and porters are important to Arthurian epistemology—to what\\ud and how Arthurian knights, and readers of Arthurian romances, know—and not always in a\\ud comfortable way.

  12. The rough guide to love: romance, history and sexualization in gendered relationship advice

    OpenAIRE

    Burge, Amy

    2017-01-01

    Sexualization is changing the way we think about romantic love. According to recent research, young people are increasingly confronted by narrowing ideals of sexual attractiveness making romantic intimacy increasingly difficult forcing a choice between ‘raunch or romance’. This article investigates the alleged distinction between romance and sexualization, in the process challenging claims that the current crisis of sexualization is a product of societal change in late modernity. Responding t...

  13. Development and validation of the Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konrath, Sara; Meier, Brian P; Bushman, Brad J

    2014-01-01

    The narcissistic personality is characterized by grandiosity, entitlement, and low empathy. This paper describes the development and validation of the Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS). Although the use of longer instruments is superior in most circumstances, we recommend the SINS in some circumstances (e.g. under serious time constraints, online studies). In 11 independent studies (total N = 2,250), we demonstrate the SINS' psychometric properties. The SINS is significantly correlated with longer narcissism scales, but uncorrelated with self-esteem. It also has high test-retest reliability. We validate the SINS in a variety of samples (e.g., undergraduates, nationally representative adults), intrapersonal correlates (e.g., positive affect, depression), and interpersonal correlates (e.g., aggression, relationship quality, prosocial behavior). The SINS taps into the more fragile and less desirable components of narcissism. The SINS can be a useful tool for researchers, especially when it is important to measure narcissism with constraints preventing the use of longer measures.

  14. En Caracas: una radio sin antena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Tomás Angola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cuenta la experiencia única de la radio comunitaria Parque Central de Caracas (1994 donde al decir de su director y concesionario de la estación se necesitó compromiso, esfuerzo, romanticismo y comunidad. Creada como un sistema de seguridad y publicidad surgió por iniciativa de la Asociación de vecinos de la Etapa 1 donde viven más de 12 mil personas Funciona sin estar dentro de los patrones transmisor-Antena-Receptor, no se encuentra regulada por ninguna ley, son a decir de Marañón el medio de comunicación más libre del país donde la comunidad se expresa por sobre la economía, la técnica y la ley.

  15. Un mundo sin límites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Córdoba, Joaquín Mª

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available A comienzos del siglo XVI, las nuevas ediciones del Atlas de Ptolomeo publicadas en Roma o Venecia solían incluir un mapamundi modificado sin cesara a medida que descubridores y navegantes alcanzaban nuevos y antes desconocidos horizontes. La temprana circunnavegación de Magallanes y Elcano (1519-1522 confirmaba con su esferidad, que el mundo no tenía límites. Durante aquel siglo magnífico, la literatura española de viajes al Oriente Próximo islámico tenía que ser menos señalada. La casi perenne guerra contra el Imperio Otomano, señor de una buena parte de las costas mediterráneas, y sobre todo la empresa de América y los viajes de exploración y conquista que aquella demandaba, …

  16. The Manifestation of Grotesque Romance through Deviant Sexuality in Tunku Halim’s Dark Demon Rising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Fatin Syuhada Ahmad Jafni

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Dark Demon Rising (1997 is the debut novel written by an established Malaysian horror stories author, Tunku Halim. Dark Demon Rising narrates the journey of the protagonist, Shazral Abbas, and his encounter with his dark childhood and dangerous future. This paper aims to examine the relationship between Shazral and Minah, specifically the representation of the grotesque through deviant sexuality. To illustrate and depict grotesque romance, a textual analysis is carried out and close reference to the definition of grotesque is applied as the framework of the study. The term ‘grotesque romance’ is coined throughout this study to show the type of relationship entered into by the protagonist and his lover. There are three components of grotesque that are embodied in the notion of grotesque romance in the novel; ‘demonic fantasy’, ‘the excessive and the unreal’ and ‘the horrifying and the attractive’. Our findings illustrate that these three components of grotesque are manifested through the action of deviant sexuality and represented in two ways; 1 pre-marital sex prohibited by religion and culture, and 2 the relationship between two different entities – human and demon. Keywords: Grotesque, Deviant Sexuality, Romance, Horror Stories

  17. O negro no romance espírita: possibilidades de escrita na história

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deise Maria Albuquerque de Lima Saraiva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Essa escrita trata da contribuição do estudo dos romances espíritas para o entendimento histórico das relações raciais no espiritismo brasileiro de matriz francesa. Analisamos essa literatura como espaço para construção de sentidos sobre o negro que merecem ser tensionados pelo historiador para que os discursos, não obstante suas identificações doutrinárias, não sejam naturalizados, nem apartados do social. Para tanto, realizamos considerações sobre o papel do romance espírita no Brasil pontuando como, a partir de 1990, aumenta esse tipo de publicação com temas relacionados ao negro. Entretanto, um romance publicado em 1976 parece ter sido o primeiro a abordar a questão. Sobre seu conteúdo nos detemos na segunda parte do artigo, analisando os significados sobre o negro e a escravidão negra, dispostos na obra. No segmento final, indicamos como esse tipo de publicação pode ser explorado para problematizar a questão da escrita sobre o negro no espiritismo, campo vasto à pesquisa e reflexão.

  18. Em defesa da morosidade: a ideia de romance em Ortega y Gasset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéferson Assumção

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Em Meditaciones del Quijote (1914 e Ideias sobre la novela (1925 o filósofo espanhol José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955 passa dos campos da filosofia à teoria literária, chegando até mesmo à técnica da ficção. Tal perspectiva pode ser útil para um diálogo mais amplo entre os campos da filosofia e da escrita criativa. O artigo estabelece elementos para uma possível “arte do romance” a partir dessas obras de Ortega y Gasset. O autor espanhol considerava que o romance evoluiu enormemente com a obra de Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616, passando a ser um “gênero moroso”, de atmosfera, ao contrário das narrativas tradicionais, da épica e dos romances de aventura focados na ação e nas peripécias mais que na “psicologia imaginária” dos personagens. O filósofo critica o que considerava ser o vício das narrativas antigas na “droga da imaginação”, ou elementos de fuga da realidade. O artigo aborda contribuições orteguianas para a arte do romance, concluindo com o que poderia ser uma linha crítica a alguns dos mais utilizados manuais de roteiro e escrita criativa atuais, geradores dos mesmos elementos outrora combatidos pelo filósofo

  19. ‘FOR MUSIKE MEUEÞ AFFECCIOUNS’: INTERPRETING HARP PERFORMANCE IN MEDIEVAL ROMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alana Bennett

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Performances are focal points in medieval romances with musical protagonists. Whilst these performances may not necessarily be accurate representations of medieval music, such episodes in popular literature are valuable to early music practitioners because they describe the whole context of the performance. These scenes preserve a snapshot of the medieval experience of music: the physicality of the performance, the sounds created and the emotional responses to the music. The hyperbolic tendencies of popular literature are effective at communicating imagined performance contexts because of the use of language that deliberately presents and evokes extremes of emotion, involving the reader or listener in a simulacrum of musical affect. When used alongside surviving musical notation, musical treatises, accounts of performances in historical records, and iconography, these romances are, I argue, a highly valuable and informative source for medieval performance. They reveal to the modern reader how music was perceived and represented in the medieval popular imagination. This paper will examine harp performances in several music-focused romances and I will set alongside these examples my own amateur reconstructions of the performances as described.

  20. Romance engajado, folhetim/melodrama e metaficção: A Hora da Estrela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Franco Junior

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, estudaremos a utilização de recursos do romance folhetim, do melodrama, do romance social neo-realista e de um repertório kitsch na construção de A hora da estrela, de Clarice Lispector. Nossa hipótese de leitura é a de que por meio da articulação de recursos e procedimentos característicos de tais gêneros romanescos e, também, de recursos estruturais do conto maravilhoso e da chamada notícia miúda (fait divers, a escritora tensiona a polaridade arte de vanguarda X kitsch característica do Modernismo. Ambiguamente, reafirma tal polaridade para melhor questionar a hierarquia de valores dela derivada. Neste sentido, Clarice Lispector estabelece, no plano metaficcional de seu romance, uma crítica a determinadas utopias da arte moderna que balizaram alguns dos parâmetros de avaliação da crítica literária brasileira no século XX. As análises da construção e dos nomes das personagens e do recurso a estereótipos, clichês e frases feitas será o objeto que evidenciará nossa hipótese de leitura crítica do texto. Palavras-chave: Folhetim, kitsch, metaficção

  1. ROMANCE ENGAJADO, FOLHETIM/MELODRAMA E METAFICÇÃO: A HORA DA ESTRELA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Franco Junior

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, estudaremos a utilização de recursos do romance folhetim, do melodrama, do romance social neo-realista e de um repertório kitsch na construção de A hora da estrela, de Clarice Lispector. Nossa hipótese de leitura é a de que por meio da articulação de recursos e procedimentos característicos de tais gêneros romanescos e, também, de recursos estruturais do conto maravilhoso e da chamada notícia miúda (fait divers, a escritora tensiona a polaridade arte de vanguarda X kitsch característica do Modernismo. Ambiguamente, reafirma tal polaridade para melhor questionar a hierarquia de valores dela derivada. Neste sentido, Clarice Lispector estabelece, no plano metaficcional de seu romance, uma crítica a determinadas utopias da arte moderna que balizaram alguns dos parâmetros de avaliação da crítica literária brasileira no século XX. As análises da construção e dos nomes das personagens e do recurso a estereótipos, clichês e frases feitas será o objeto que evidenciará nossa hipótese de leitura crítica do texto. Palavras-chave: Folhetim, kitsch, metaficção

  2. Sins: the Supernova Intensive Study - SN1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirshner, Robert

    1991-07-01

    Supernovae are stars at the end of stellar evolution. They mark the moment of stellar destruction, act as the key process in the chemical evolution of the universe, serve as agitators and probes of the interstellar medium, and provide sharp and useful tools for cosmological investigations. As SN 1987A demonstrated, the best progress in this field comes from detailed study of the brightest objects. Many central problems of supernova research can be attacked by intensive and extensive observations of a handful of moderately bright supernovae using the HST cameras and spectrographs. SN 1987A provides a unique opportunity to connect the evolution of a supernova with the development of a supernova remnant and will be intensively studied in this program. Because supernovae touch on so many fields of astronomy, the results of this Supernova Intensive Study (SINS) will affect a broad range of areas from stellar interiors to cosmology so a diverse team of investigators has been assembled which includes experts on all these aspects of astronomy. While the first cycle observations concentrate on SN 1987A and on a fresh supernova to be studied at intermediate age, the second and third cycle will include target-of-opportunity observations of freshly-discovered supernovae which will strive for good UV coverage at early phases of the outburst.

  3. JUAN SIN MIEDO VA A LA ESCUELA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Méndez-Anchía

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como base la lectura del cuento "Juan Sin Miedo" realizada por tres sujetos adolescentes, pretendo responder a la pregunta sobre los principales temores que enfrenta la población costarricense adolescente en la actualidad. Las respuestas giran en torno a tres núcleos significativos: el miedo a la exclusión económica y social, materializada en el trato discriminatorio hacia quienes no se adecuan a los criterios impuestos por la sociedad de consumo; el miedo a la escuela, en tanto excluye a quienes no se ajustan a la norma esperada de desempeño académico; y el miedo al otro, en particular a la calle y la escuela como espacios de violencia. Concluyo señalando que, detrás de dichos temores, es posible leer un anhelo de pertenencia; de aprecio sincero y gratuito, en que no medie el rendimiento académico de la persona; así como un anhelo de seguridad en el entorno cercano.

  4. How Do Chinese ESL Learners Recognize English Words during a Reading Test? A Comparison with Romance-Language-Speaking ESL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongli; Suen, Hoi K.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines how Chinese ESL learners recognize English words while responding to a multiple-choice reading test as compared to Romance-language-speaking ESL learners. Four adult Chinese ESL learners and three adult Romance-language-speaking ESL learners participated in a think-aloud study with the Michigan English Language Assessment…

  5. The seven sins of memory: implications for self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schacter, Daniel L; Chiao, Joan Y; Mitchell, Jason P

    2003-10-01

    We examine the relation between memory and self by considering errors of memory. We draw on the idea that memory's imperfections can be classified into seven basic categories or "sins." Three of the sins concern different types of forgetting (transience, absent-mindedness, and blocking), three concern different types of distortion (misattribution, suggestibility, and bias), and one concerns intrusive memories (persistence). We focus in particular on two of the distortion-related sins, misattribution and bias. By describing cognitive, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging studies that illuminate these memory sins, we consider how they might bear on the relation between memory and self.

  6. Mundo multiplo : uma analise do romance historico La guerra del fin del mundo, de Mario Vargas Llosa

    OpenAIRE

    Rinaldo Nunes Fernandes

    2002-01-01

    Resumo: Análise do romance histórico La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), do escritor peruano Mario Vargas Llosa, centrada nos personagens e nos vários pontos de vista. Num primeiro momento, há um quadro do debate sobre as relações entre Literatura e História. São apresentadas aqui, entre outras, as propostas de Hayden White, Paul Ricouer e Walter Mignolo. Em seguida, há uma abordagem da teoria do romance histórico de G. Lukács e da evolução (do séc. XIX ao séc. XX) do romance histórico hispan...

  7. Implicancias de la informalidad tributaria de las personas naturales que generan renta de cuarta categoría ante el sistema financiero en la Región Ucayali, ejercicio económico 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Arevalo Pérez, Royser

    2014-01-01

    En la presente tesis titulada “IMPLICANCIAS DE LA INFORMALIDAD TRIBUTARIA DE LAS PERSONAS NATURALES QUE GENERAN RENTA DE CUARTA CATEGORIA ANTE EL SISTEMA FINANCIERO EN LA REGION UCAYALI, EJERCICIO ECONOMICO 2012” Se trata de demostrar que la informalidad tributaria de este grupo humano tiene repercusiones en el sistema financiero, cuando a efectos de desarrollarse económicamente o concretar proyectos personales o familiares quieren acceder a créditos financieros ante la red bancaria ...

  8. Review of Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2011. Selected Papers from ‘Going Romance’ Utrecht 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Colaço

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present volume contains a selection of twelve peer-reviewed papers presented at 'Going Romance' in 2011. Celebrating its 25th edition, the conference took place on December 8-10, in Utrecht, Holland, where the event was first held in 1986. While keeping the focus on the formal study of the Romance languages, the articles represent a wide range of topics related to different research areas, such as phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and language acquisition. The papers are arranged in alphabetical order by author.

  9. Produção e conservação escolar da masculinidade no romance O Ateneu

    OpenAIRE

    MARCHI,RITA DE CÁSSIA; SANTOS,TIAGO RIBEIRO

    2017-01-01

    El ensayo analiza la producción y conservación de la masculinidad en el romance O Ateneu (Raul Pompeia) que retrata la vida escolar en un internado de elite del siglo XIX. El ensayo discute principalmente la trayectoria del niño Sérgio, narrador y protagonista del romance. Él sufre experiencias disciplinares destinadas a transformar sus marcas infantiles y femeninas en características adultas y masculinas. La producción y conservación de la masculinidad aparecen principalmente implicadas en e...

  10. Signos que embaralham a visão: identidade/alteridade no romance Budapeste, de Chico Buarque

    OpenAIRE

    Sanches, Elizabete

    2011-01-01

    No romance Budapeste, Chico Buarque, na pele de José Costa, narrador-personagem em busca de sua própria identidade em meio à poluição de signos que povoa as cidades, discute com maestria a questão contemporânea acerca do processo de homogeneização cultural. O desejo de compreensão do diferente – materializado no romance pela cidade de Budapeste e pela língua húngara – estimula o ghost-writer brasileiro a se aventurar em viagens reais e ficcionais por cidades e por idiomas. O resultado de tal ...

  11. Sin, Punishment And Forgiveness In Ancient Greek Religion: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper looks in particular at the special sin of hubris in ancient Greek religious thought. It examines what constitutes hubris and some cases in which hubris has been committed and punished. It demonstrates with examples that hubris is an unforgivable sin in ancient Greek religion and examines the reasons for this ...

  12. Judeo - Igbo traditional religious conception of sin: socio – religious ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Theword sin ismore of a religious termthan ordinary. It is basically an action of defiance. That is, an action through which one deviates from the correct way or through which one misses the mark. This paper looked at how the Jews of theOld andNewTestament periods understood the concept of sin in their society.

  13. Misattribution, false recognition and the sins of memory.

    OpenAIRE

    Schacter, D L; Dodson, C S

    2001-01-01

    Memory is sometimes a troublemaker. Schacter has classified memory's transgressions into seven fundamental 'sins': transience, absent-mindedness, blocking, misattribution, suggestibility, bias and persistence. This paper focuses on one memory sin, misattribution, that is implicated in false or illusory recognition of episodes that never occurred. We present data from cognitive, neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies that illuminate aspects of misattribution and false recognition. We firs...

  14. Espaços populares e corpos resistentes em dois romances de Diamela Eltit

    OpenAIRE

    Paloma Vidal

    2006-01-01

    O presente artigo aborda dois romances recentes da escritora chilena Diamela Eltit com o objetivo de analisar algumas estratégias de resistência de uma narrativa confrontada ao estadode desmemória que prevalece no Chile da pós-ditadura. Los trabajadores de la muerte (1998) e Mano de obra (2002) ocupam espaços populares para tornar visíveis certos corpos que persistemna paisagem urbana, em rebeldia às determinações estéticas e políticas do mercado.

  15. A transnational conference romance: Elsie Andrews, Hildegarde Kneeland, and the Pan-Pacific Women's Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurie, Alison J

    2009-01-01

    Elsie Andrews, a feminist activist from New Zealand, met Dr. Hildegarde Kneeland, a progressive economist from the United States, at the 1934 Pan-Pacific Women's Association conference in Honolulu. Andrews wrote diaries of her attendance at conferences, and in these writes openly of her attraction and romantic feelings for Kneeland, despite her own long-term domestic partnership back in New Plymouth with Muriel Kirton. This article considers the role conference romances may have played for Andrews and others in encouraging their interest in women's organizations, in the context of literature on romantic friendships and lesbianism.

  16. Perda e demanda: o olhar no romance cortês em verso 1180 -1250

    OpenAIRE

    Álvares, Cristina

    1996-01-01

    Tese doutoramento (Área do conhecimento Letras) [Excerto introdução] Esta tese tem como objecto de estudo os romances corteses em verso (r.c.v.) escritos entre 1180 e 1250. O contexto histórico em que aparece e se desenvolve este género literário é marcado por transformações sociais e culturais que estão na base da modernidade.Sobre um pano de fundo em que se inscrevem o aumento da produtividade e o crescimento demográfico, o desenvolvimento urbano e a aceleração do progres...

  17. The romance of leadership scale : cross-cultural testing and refinement.

    OpenAIRE

    Schyns, B.; Meindl, J.R.; Croon, M.A.

    2007-01-01

    The Romance of Leadership Scale (RLS) has been used in various studies in different countries and contexts. However, to date, the structure of the scale has been a subject of discussion, making it difficult to compare results over different studies. In this study, using student as well as organization samples from two countries, we want to clarify the factor structure of the RLS. In order to do so, we used a hypothetical factor matrix into which we rotated our data. Although this matrix fits ...

  18. A MULHER E A SOCIEDADE NO ROMANCE JUBIABÁ DE JORGE AMADO

    OpenAIRE

    Maíra Cordeiro Santos; Ilane Cavalcante

    2016-01-01

    O presente trabalho versará sobre as várias representações da mulher no romance Jubiabá, de Jorge Amado (1976), cujo enredo se insere na sociedade do início do século XX na Bahia. Por meio de uma análise bibliográfica de autores como Perrot (1991; 2005), Buriti (2004), Stearn (2007), Carneiro (2000), Foucault (1986), dentre outros, busca-se entender como são representados os papeis sociais femininos inseridos dentro de uma sociedade marcadamente patriarcalista. A partir de diferentes personag...

  19. Romance, revolution and regulation: colonialism and the US-Mexico border in American Cold War film.

    OpenAIRE

    Fuller, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    The 1950s saw perhaps the largest number of American films set on and around the US-Mexico border of any period of the twentieth century. This thesis investigates why this concentration of films appeared at this point in time. It argues that rather than responding to the changes in policy and practice along the borderline that were taking place in the 1950s, these films engage with cold war politics as they explore the relationship between the United States and Mexico through ideas of romance...

  20. Annihilating love and heterosexuality without women: Romance, generic difference, and queer politics in "Supernatural" fan fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Flegel

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the differing generic tropes and sexual politics evident in Supernatural slash and in J2 fan fic. We argue that while some stories within Supernatural fan fiction provide happy endings to the characters that are denied them in the show's canon, dark!fic instead focuses on the intensity and exclusivity of Sam and Dean's love, thus illuminating dangers at the heart of the one-true-love trope. We also argue that RPS written within the Supernatural fan community demonstrates greater adherence to conventional romance tropes and normative sexualities, and thus reveals important ideological constructs of heteronormativity.

  1. La pesca artesanal en la Cuenca del Plata (Argentina y sus implicancias en la conservación de la biodiversidad Artisanal fish at del Plata basin (Argentina and its implications for the biodiversity conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Miguel Iwaszkiw

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es considerar distintos aspectos que surgen del análisis de las exportaciones pesqueras provenientes de la pesca comercial artesanal de la Cuenca del Plata, Argentina. Se trata de identificar aquellos impactos vinculados a las prácticas pesqueras sobre las poblaciones naturales involucradas y los compromisos relacionados con la conservación de la biodiversidad de la ictiofauna de la cuenca. Se analizan 17 años de datos de las pesquerías comerciales artesanales correspondientes al tramo argentino del río Paraná sobre registros oficiales de los productos pesqueros exportados para distintas especies durante el período 1994-2010. Los registros de los productos exportados expresados en toneladas en peso (ton se refieren particularmente a especies autóctonas de gran tamaño e interés comercial como el sábalo (Prochilodus lineatus, la boga (Leporinus obtusidens, la tararira (Hoplias malabaricus, el surubí (Pseudoplatystoma spp., el dorado (Salminus brasiliensis y el patí (Luciopimelodus pati, además de varias especies acompañantes en las capturas como bagres, armados y pejerreyes (Odontesthes bonariensis. Las exportaciones pesqueras muestran un incremento sumamente importante con un total de 331.517 ton para el período 1994-2010. La especie blanco de la pesquería es el sábalo con 88,77 % de las exportaciones totales y le siguen en orden de importancia la tararira con el 4,16 %, la boga con el 3,70 %, el patí con un 1,35 % y otras especies de menor captura. Los países de destino de los productos pesqueros son Brasil, Colombia, Bolivia y Nigeria, entre otros. Sin embargo, desde el 2003, Colombia compra en promedio el 50 % del total de las exportaciones pesqueras de la Argentina. El análisis de los datos históricos de las exportaciones pesqueras (1994-2010 evidencia la necesidad de implementar medidas mas claras sobre el control y manejo de los recursos pesqueros y las posibles implicancias derivadas

  2. A Perda de um(a Filho(a Jovem no Romance Paula, de Isabel Allende

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenice Cazanatto

    Full Text Available O adoecimento e a perda de um filho são situações não naturalmente esperadas na perspectiva do ciclo vital, provocando uma ruptura na vida dos pais, despertando sentimentos intensos e muito sofrimento. No romance autobiográficoPaula,a autora Isabel Allende escreve para a filha que estava internada na UTI de um hospital, há alguns meses, com um diagnóstico pouco favorável. O presente artigo trata de uma leitura psicanalítica sobre a perda de um (a filho (a adulto-jovem, tomando como objeto de estudo a história desse romance. A partir da metodologia proposta por Iribarry (2003 de uma pesquisa psicanalítica, é realizada a construção de um ensaio metapsicológico. A história dessa obra aponta para a possibilidade de elaboração simbólica pela perda de um filho jovem, por meio da escrita literária, tendo em vista que, emPaula,o ato de escrever torna possível à mãe retomar a palavra, em uma tentativa de inscrever a perda real da filha em uma ordem simbólica.

  3. Transgressing Boundaries: Belfast and the “Romance-Across-the-Divide”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Schwerter

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most popular sub-genres of Northern Irish Troubles fiction is the so called ‘Romance-across-the-divide’, a narrative in which two characters from different religious, cultural and social backgrounds struggle to overcome the region’s sectarian divide. As the centre of the Northern Irish conflict, Belfast epitomises the obstacles posed by the political situation for lovers attempting to defy socio-cultural and denominational boundaries. Joe Cleary argues that in the Northern Irish context the romance narrative is employed to illustrate the possibility of a reconciliation of opposed political camps. This article attempts to refute Cleary’s view. Focussing on Naomi May’s Troubles (1976, Dermot Healy’s A Goat’s Song (1994 and Kate O’Riordan’s Involved (1995 it sets out to demonstrate that unhappy unions of lovers cutting across sectarian lines serve instead largely to depict the ongoing political division within Northern Irish society and the breach between the North and the South of Ireland.

  4. MAPOCHO, DE NONA FERNÁNDEZ: LA INVERSIÓN DEL ROMANCE NACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristián Opazo

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone una relectura de la novela Mapocho, de Nona Fernández (Premio Municipal de Literatura 2003. En ella discuto la interpretación que Fernández realiza de la misión del historiador en el proceso de fundación de la nación, la posición de las minorías étnicas, sexuales y políticas dentro del proyecto nacional y las estrategias de resistencia empleadas por estos grupos excluidos. Concluyo especificando que Mapocho invierte la noción de romance nacional, por cuanto la violación, la orfandad y el incesto, tal como surgen en la novela, constituyen una alegoría del fracaso del proyecto nacional chileno vigente durante el siglo XXThis article proposes a re-reading of the novel Mapocho by Nona Fernandez (Municipal Literary Prize, 2003. In it, the author discusses Fernandez’ interpretation of the historian’s mission in the foundation process of the nation, the place of the ethnic, sexual and political minorities within the national project, and the strategies of resistance employed by these groups. The conclusion is that the novel Mapocho inverts the option of national romance; insofar as rape, orphanage and incest constitute an allegory of the failure of the Chilean national project in the XX century

  5. Development and validation of the Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Konrath

    Full Text Available MAIN OBJECTIVES: The narcissistic personality is characterized by grandiosity, entitlement, and low empathy. This paper describes the development and validation of the Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS. Although the use of longer instruments is superior in most circumstances, we recommend the SINS in some circumstances (e.g. under serious time constraints, online studies. METHODS: In 11 independent studies (total N = 2,250, we demonstrate the SINS' psychometric properties. RESULTS: The SINS is significantly correlated with longer narcissism scales, but uncorrelated with self-esteem. It also has high test-retest reliability. We validate the SINS in a variety of samples (e.g., undergraduates, nationally representative adults, intrapersonal correlates (e.g., positive affect, depression, and interpersonal correlates (e.g., aggression, relationship quality, prosocial behavior. The SINS taps into the more fragile and less desirable components of narcissism. SIGNIFICANCE: The SINS can be a useful tool for researchers, especially when it is important to measure narcissism with constraints preventing the use of longer measures.

  6. SinR controls enterotoxin expression in Bacillus thuringiensis biofilms.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Fagerlund

    Full Text Available The entomopathogen Bacillus thuringiensis produces dense biofilms under various conditions. Here, we report that the transition phase regulators Spo0A, AbrB and SinR control biofilm formation and swimming motility in B. thuringiensis, just as they control biofilm formation and swarming motility in the closely related saprophyte species B. subtilis. However, microarray analysis indicated that in B. thuringiensis, in contrast to B. subtilis, SinR does not control an eps operon involved in exopolysaccharides production, but regulates genes involved in the biosynthesis of the lipopeptide kurstakin. This lipopeptide is required for biofilm formation and was previously shown to be important for survival in the host cadaver (necrotrophism. Microarray analysis also revealed that the SinR regulon contains genes coding for the Hbl enterotoxin. Transcriptional fusion assays, Western blots and hemolysis assays confirmed that SinR controls Hbl expression, together with PlcR, the main virulence regulator in B. thuringiensis. We show that Hbl is expressed in a sustained way in a small subpopulation of the biofilm, whereas almost all the planktonic population transiently expresses Hbl. The gene coding for SinI, an antagonist of SinR, is expressed in the same biofilm subpopulation as hbl, suggesting that hbl transcription heterogeneity is SinI-dependent. B. thuringiensis and B. cereus are enteric bacteria which possibly form biofilms lining the host intestinal epithelium. Toxins produced in biofilms could therefore be delivered directly to the target tissue.

  7. Twenty-Five Years and Counting of "Sweet Valley": Jessica and Elizabeth in Romance Novels for Young Children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Sherron Killingsworth

    2010-01-01

    With the 2008 reissue of Francine Pascal's (1983) "Sweet Valley High", the popular cultural icons of twins Jessica and Elizabeth have been revitalized. Jessica and Elizabeth are the much-beloved protagonists in romance novels strategically targeted for young adults in "Sweet Valley High" or "Sweet Valley U", and for first- and second-grade readers…

  8. Online Romance Languages Cross-Comprehension in the Development of Educational Competence: A Study of Future Teachers' Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo e Sa, Maria Helena; Melo, Silvia

    2007-01-01

    This article presents perceptions of Portuguese teacher education students concerning their participation in the Galanet project's plurilingual online communication (with Romance languages) and, particularly, the contribution of this participation in the development of their educational competence in relation to personal, intercultural and…

  9. [Migraine and epilepsy: an attempt to analyze disorders in Pontius Pilate in the romance "Master and Margarita" by M. Bulgakov].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damulin, I V

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the literature on the relation between migraine and epilepsy. The commonality of pathogenetic mechanisms of these diseases is emphasized. As an example, the author analyzed neurological disorders in Pontius Pilate in M. Bulgakov's romance "Master and Margarita". These disorders are traditionally considered as an attack of migraine with olfactory aura. The author suggests the epileptic character of these disorders.

  10. Os paratextos editoriais em “Alabardas, Alabardas, Espingardas, Espingardas”, o romance inacabado de José Saramago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Rosina Mattia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Em 2014, quatro anos após a morte de José Saramago, chegava às livrarias seu último romance, que restou inacabado e foi encontrado em seu computador. Alabardas, alabardas, Espingardas, espingardas tem apenas três capítulos. Porém, a edição do livro apresenta ainda o diário de Saramago, com anotações referentes ao romance, ilustrações de Günter Grass e textos de outros autores. O romance centra-se na temática da violência, da guerra e da fabricação e comércio de armas. Neste artigo, contudo, objetivamos uma análise dos paratextos editoriais da edição de Alabardas. A proposta, nesse sentido, pauta-se, a partir da definição de paratexto apresentada por Gérard Genette (2009, na investigação de uma possibilidade de leitura de Alabardas não [só] como romance, mas como manifesto. Tal possibilidade alicerça-se no caráter polissêmico dos paratextos editoriais, que proporcionam novas perspectivas de leitura e interferem na produção de sentidos quando da leitura do texto, bem como na concepção de editor enquanto adaptador, considerando um dos conceitos de adaptação abordados por Linda Hutcheon (2013.

  11. Implicancias teológicas y místicas de la noción de en el episodio de la samaritana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Vicente Pons

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trabaja el comentario de Orígenes (Cio XIII, 1-74 al episodio de la samaritana, donde se analiza el conocimiento que los perfectos tienen de los misterios divinos: la venida noética del Logos permite la identificación con el nous de Cristo, hacerse uno con la Sabiduría, a partir de la fuente de agua viva que brota del interior. En este sentido, parte central del análisis lo tendrá la consideración de ímép, la cual, en la tesis del artículo, expresa importantes implicancias teológicas y místicas.This article discusses the commentary of the Origins (Cio XIII, 1-74 on the Samaritan episode, which analyzes knowledge that the perfect have about the divine mysteries: the noetic arrival of the Logos that allows identification with the nous of Christ, becoming one with Wisdom, starting from the living water that arises from within. To this effect, a central part of the analysis will consider ímép, which, in the thesis of this article, has important theological and mystical implications.

  12. Género y juventud: primeras médicas argentinas que honraron el género desde su juventud: actuales implicancias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Ivon Carrera Fernández

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los campos en los que la ligazón entre género y juventud resulta notoria es el de la educación universitaria. Considerando previamente lo ocurrido a nivel latinoamericano, se destacan las vidas de las primeras médicas argentinas (Cecilia Grierson, Elvira Rawson Guiñazú, Adelma Gossweiler, Francisca Montaut y María Beljover quienes, en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX y en la primera del siglo XX, se sobrepusieron a obstáculos para su matriculación, cursado y egreso en las Facultades de Medicina así como para su condicionada práctica médica, excediendo este quehacer y bregando en favor de varios derechos femeninos. Su evocación adquiere actuales implicancias. University education is a field exhibiting a clear link between gender and youth. As concern former Latin American experiences, the first Argentinean medical women (Cecilia Grierson, Elvira Rawson Guiñazú, Adelma Gossweiler, Francisca Montaut and María Beljover should be considered. During a period running from the second half of the XIX century to the first half of the XX century, they managed to overcome drawbacks dealing with matriculation, their study and qualification in medical schools as well as with their conditioned medical practice. They also struggled for many feminine rights. Their evocation acquires current implications.

  13. Capital social e implicancia de la participación en organizaciones religiosas en la inclusión social de ciudadanos cordobeses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Rabbia

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo analiza la participación del tejido asociativo del capital social de la ciudad de Córdoba, y su relación con la implicancia socio-política de sus miembros, entendida como la dimensión política de la inclusión social. A partir de datos obtenidos por un cuestionario semi-estructurado realizado a 428 ciudadanos mayores de 18 años, se analizan específicamente las características socio-demográficas de los participantes en organizaciones católicas, evangélicas y otras organizaciones, las prácticas internas y externas a la organización realizadas durante el último año, y la percepción de eficacia resultante de sus prácticas. Finalmente, se reflexiona sobre el carácter ego-centrado de las normas de ciudadanía promovidas por organizaciones religiosas y las formas excluyentes de ciertas formas de participación organizacional.

  14. Sociedad de la información y literacidad crítica: implicancias en la formación del profesional de la información

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanet Fuster Caubet

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente abordaje busca propiciar la reflexión acerca de las implicancias de la lectura y la escritura en la Sociedad de la Información. A través del concepto de literacidad crítica se insiste en la resignificación del acto de leer, pues además de saber decodificar, interpretar un código, mostrar una competencia semántica y pragmática, en los actuales tiempos es imprescindible asumir un rol de analista, identificando las opiniones, valores e intereses del texto en un contexto determinado. En este marco se propone  considerar la necesidad de desarrollar en el currículum universitario la alfabetización académica, entendida como las actividades y estrategias de lectura y escritura propias de las prácticas discursivas con las que cada disciplina elabora el conocimiento, en este caso aplicado a las Ciencias de la Información.

  15. SIN-inhibitory phosphatase complex promotes Cdc11p dephosphorylation and propagates SIN asymmetry in fission yeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, N Sadananda; Shao, Nan; McLean, Janel R; Sevugan, Mayalagu; Ren, Liping; Chew, Ting Gang; Bimbo, Andrea; Sharma, Reetu; Tang, Xie; Gould, Kathleen L; Balasubramanian, Mohan K

    2011-12-06

    Cytokinesis in many eukaryotes involves the function of an actomyosin-based contractile ring. In fission yeast, actomyosin ring maturation and stability require a conserved signaling pathway termed the SIN (septation initiation network). The SIN consists of a GTPase (Spg1p) and three protein kinases, all of which localize to the mitotic spindle pole bodies (SPBs). Two of the SIN kinases, Cdc7p and Sid1p, localize asymmetrically to the newly duplicated SPB in late anaphase. How this asymmetry is achieved is not understood, although it is known that their symmetric localization impairs cytokinesis. Here we characterize a new Forkhead-domain-associated protein, Csc1p, and identify SIN-inhibitory PP2A complex (SIP), which is crucial for the establishment of SIN asymmetry. Csc1p localizes to both SPBs early in mitosis, is lost from the SPB that accumulates Cdc7p, and instead accumulates at the SPB lacking Cdc7p. Csc1p is required for the dephosphorylation of the SIN scaffolding protein Cdc11p and is thereby required for the recruitment of Byr4p, a component of the GTPase-activating subunit for Spg1p, to the SPB. Because Cdc7p does not bind to GDP-Spg1p, we propose that the SIP-mediated Cdc11p dephosphorylation and the resulting recruitment of Byr4p are among the earliest steps in the establishment of SIN asymmetry. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. SIN-Inhibitory Phosphatase Complex (SIP) Promotes Cdc11p Dephosphorylation and Propagates SIN Asymmetry in Fission Yeast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, N. Sadananda; Shao, Nan; McLean, Janel R.; Sevugan, Mayalagu; Ren, Liping; Chew, Ting Gang; Bimbo, Andrea; Sharma, Reetu; Tang, Xie; Gould, Kathleen L.; Balasubramanian, Mohan K.

    2014-01-01

    Background Cytokinesis in many eukaryotes involves the function of an actomyosin-based contractile ring. In fission yeast, actomyosin ring maturation and stability require a conserved signaling pathway termed the SIN (septation initiation network). The SIN consists of a GTPase (Spg1p) and three protein kinases, all of which localize to the mitotic spindle pole bodies (SPBs). Two of the SIN kinases, Cdc7p and Sid1p, localize asymmetrically to the newly duplicated SPB in late anaphase. How this asymmetry is achieved is not understood, although it is known that their symmetric localization impairs cytokinesis. Results Here we characterize a new Forkhead-domain-associated protein, Csc1p, and identify SIN-Inhibitory PP2A-complex (SIP), which is crucial for the establishment of SIN asymmetry. Csc1p localizes to both SPBs early in mitosis, is lost from the SPB that accumulates Cdc7p, and instead accumulates at the SPB lacking Cdc7p. Csc1p is required for the dephosphorylation of the SIN scaffolding protein Cdc11p and is thereby required for the recruitment of Byr4p, a component of the GTPase-activating subunit for Spg1p, to the SPB. Conclusions Since Cdc7p does not bind to GDP-Spg1p, we propose that the SIP-mediated Cdc11p-dephosphorylation and the resulting recruitment of Byr4p are amongst the earliest steps in the establishment of SIN asymmetry. PMID:22119525

  17. SINS/CNS Nonlinear Integrated Navigation Algorithm for Hypersonic Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-jun Yu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Celestial Navigation System (CNS has characteristics of accurate orientation and strong autonomy and has been widely used in Hypersonic Vehicle. Since the CNS location and orientation mainly depend upon the inertial reference that contains errors caused by gyro drifts and other error factors, traditional Strap-down Inertial Navigation System (SINS/CNS positioning algorithm setting the position error between SINS and CNS as measurement is not effective. The model of altitude azimuth, platform error angles, and horizontal position is designed, and the SINS/CNS tightly integrated algorithm is designed, in which CNS altitude azimuth is set as measurement information. GPF (Gaussian particle filter is introduced to solve the problem of nonlinear filtering. The results of simulation show that the precision of SINS/CNS algorithm which reaches 130 m using three stars is improved effectively.

  18. Do filme ao romance: aspectos do processo de adaptação romanceada

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    André Soares Vieira

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Tendo em vista que as relações entre o cinema e a literatura historicamente se constituíram em uma via de mão dupla, este artigo objetiva mapear alguns dos aspectos que permeiam o processo de adaptação romanceada de filmes segundo a perspectiva da tradução intersemiótica. Caberá focalizar a história das transposições cine-literárias, seu percurso desde as origens do cinema, passando pelos cine-romances e romances baseados em filmes. Trata-se aqui de verificar de que modo o escritor consegue criar uma tensão entre os dois âmbitos narrativos (filme e romance na criação de uma obra literária autônoma dotada de ressonância própria.Palavras-chave: Cinema e literatura; adaptação romanceada; tradução intersemiótica. Résumé: Cet article vise à répertorier quelques-uns des aspects qui imprègnent le processus de novellisation des film dans la perspective de la traduction intersémiotique. Il mettra l’accent sur l’histoire de transpositions ciné-littéraires, sa trajectoire depuis les origines du cinéma, à travers les ciné-romans et les romans adaptés des films. Dans une histoire d’échanges et de dialogues, deux formes de film et deux nouveaux modes d’écriture s’imposent. Entre l’un et l’autre, on assiste à l’apparition du parlant et au renouvelement du roman. Il s’agira ici d’observer comment l’écrivain parvient à créer une tension entre les deux zones du récit dans la création d’une oeuvre autonome, dotée d’une résonance propre. Mots-clés: Cinéma et littérature; novellisation; traduction intersémiotique.Keywords: Cinema and literature; novelization; intersemiotic translation.

  19. Ambivalent Sexism in Close Relationships: (Hostile) Power and (Benevolent) Romance Shape Relationship Ideals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tiane L.; Fiske, Susan T.; Glick, Peter; Chen, Zhixia

    2013-01-01

    Gender-based structural power and heterosexual dependency produce ambivalent gender ideologies, with hostility and benevolence separately shaping close-relationship ideals. The relative importance of romanticized benevolent versus more overtly power-based hostile sexism, however, may be culturally dependent. Testing this, northeast US (N=311) and central Chinese (N=290) undergraduates rated prescriptions and proscriptions (ideals) for partners and completed Ambivalent Sexism and Ambivalence toward Men Inventories (ideologies). Multiple regressions analyses conducted on group-specific relationship ideals revealed that benevolent ideologies predicted partner ideals, in both countries, especially for US culture’s romance-oriented relationships. Hostile attitudes predicted men’s ideals, both American and Chinese, suggesting both societies’ dominant-partner advantage. PMID:23914004

  20. Ficções sujas: por uma poética do romance-reportagem

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider, Sabrina

    2013-01-01

    Esta tese busca estabelecer uma relação entre o romance-reportagem brasileiro da década de 1970 e o chamado livro-reportagem. O primeiro foi considerado um tipo espúrio de literatura e teve sua morte decretada pela crítica literária, pois sua “referencialidade” e seu caráter de “denúncia” seriam consequência direta da censura e da repressão exercidas pela ditadura militar; o segundo não cessa de atrair repórteres que desejam escapar à “ditadura da objetividade” a que são submetidos nos jornai...

  1. El romance “Echando verbos y nombres” de Quevedo : comentario y anotación

    OpenAIRE

    Tobar Quintanar, María José

    2012-01-01

    En este artículo se comenta y anota el romance “Echando verbos y nombres” de Quevedo, que aborda un tipo recurrente en la obra satírico-burlesca de don Francisco: el cornudo voluntario. Siguiendo de cerca la tradición del encomium cornuum, se presentan irónicamente los ‘méritos’ del sufrido a modo de parodia de la fórmula jurídica para “alegar servicios”. La ruptura de frases hechas, el léxico de germanía, las agudezas ingeniosas y los juegos de palabras abundan en el estilo burlesco de la co...

  2. Ambivalent Sexism in Close Relationships: (Hostile) Power and (Benevolent) Romance Shape Relationship Ideals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Tiane L; Fiske, Susan T; Glick, Peter; Chen, Zhixia

    2010-04-01

    Gender-based structural power and heterosexual dependency produce ambivalent gender ideologies, with hostility and benevolence separately shaping close-relationship ideals. The relative importance of romanticized benevolent versus more overtly power-based hostile sexism, however, may be culturally dependent. Testing this, northeast US ( N =311) and central Chinese ( N =290) undergraduates rated prescriptions and proscriptions (ideals) for partners and completed Ambivalent Sexism and Ambivalence toward Men Inventories (ideologies). Multiple regressions analyses conducted on group-specific relationship ideals revealed that benevolent ideologies predicted partner ideals, in both countries, especially for US culture's romance-oriented relationships. Hostile attitudes predicted men's ideals, both American and Chinese, suggesting both societies' dominant-partner advantage.

  3. Eternamente estrangeiros: judeus na Inglaterra do século XI no romance de Walter Scott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethel Mizrahy Cuperschmid

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute a representação de personagens judeus do romance histórico Ivanhoé, de Walter Scott. Durante a Idade Média, a comunidade judaica na Inglaterra estava sob a proteção de nobres e também à mercê de taxações arbitrárias, bem como de leis discriminatórias. Até que ponto a obra de Walter Scott contribui para desvendar esse universo da diáspora? Sua narrativa reforça estereótipos ou apenas ilustra ficcionalmente uma realidade onde as diferenças eram sistematicamente marcadas?

  4. „Pseudo-yat“ in Dalmato-Romance and Balkan Latin (On Balkan Latin VIII

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    Ligorio Orsat L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the origins and the development of the so-called pseudo-yat in Dalmatian Romance and Balkan Latin. (E.g. SCr. mrčela-murtila-murtela from Lat. *MYRTICELLA or tovijerna-tovirna-toverna from TABERNA. Pseudo-yat is derived from -ECC-, in short syllables, and in long syllables from -ERR-, -ERC-. This suggestion is tried on 58 Dalmatian loans in Serbo-Croatian. The fact that pseudo-yat is found only in a part of these is of particular significance for the stratification of Dalmatian loans in Serbo-Croatian since loans with pseudo-yat are ostensibly older than the ones without it. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 178007

  5. Feminist readings of the castilian epics, the romances and the middle-ages chronicles

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    Isabel Navas Ocaña

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The main target of this paper is to examine the various reading from feminism has been made of the Castilian epic, medieval romances and chronicles Castille. The works of Lucy Sponsler, María Eugenia Lacarra, Alan D. Deyermond, Carolyn Bluestine, Teresa Catarella, Marjorie Ratcliffe, Frank L. Odd, Estelle Irizarry, Anne J. Cruz, etc., have raised very innovative prospects in the characterization of the female characters. Analyzing in depth what the feminist criticism has brought to the study of these medieval genres and what criteria it has handled, on what theories it is supported and with what consequences it will have will be the primary task that we will address on the following pages.

  6. A Case in Pointe: Romance and Regimentation at the New York City Ballet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laemmli, Whitney E

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes the ballet dancer's pointe shoe as a technology of artistic production and bodily discipline. Drawing on oral histories, memoirs, dance journals, advertisements, and other archival materials, it demonstrates that the shoe utilized by dancers at George Balanchine's New York City Ballet was not the quintessentially Romantic entity it is so often presumed to be. Instead, it emerged from uniquely twentieth-century systems of labor and production, and it was used to alter dancers' bodies and professional lives in particularly modern ways. The article explores not only the substance of these changes but also the ways in which Balanchine's artistic oeuvre was inextricably intertwined with the material technologies he employed and, more broadly, how the history of technology and the history of dance can productively inform one another. Fundamentally, this article recasts Balanchine, seeing him not as a disconnected artist but as an eager participant in the twentieth-century national romance with American technology.

  7. Catorce canciones en romance como modelos de poemas hebreos del siglo XV

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    Seroussi, Edwin

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The beginnings of the Judeo-Spanish lyric in the Iberian Peninsula have so far remained om the dark due to the lack of tangible documentation. On the basis of two manuscript collections of Hebrew sacred songs (piyutim from the Bodleian Library in Oxford, it is possible to illuminate some of the formative processes of the Sephardic lyric song prior to the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal. Careful readings of the first verses of poems in Castilian and Catalan appearing in these manuscripts as melodic codes for the singing of piyutim show some aspects of the lyric repertoire in romance languages known by Jewish poets and singers before 1492.

    Por falta de documentación, los comienzos de la lírica judeoespañola en la Península siempre han quedado en la oscuridad. Gracias a dos colecciones manuscritas de poemas hebreos religiosos (piyutim de la biblioteca Bodleiana de Oxford, se vislumbran ahora algunos de los procesos de formación del cancionero lírico hispanojudío anterior a la expulsión de los judíos de España y Portugal. Mediante atentas lecturas de los primeros versos (íncipits de poemas en castellano y catalán que aparecen como idicaciones melódicas de piyutim en ambos manuscritos, se pueden entrever algunos aspectos de la lírica en lenguas romances que conocían los poetas y cantores judíos antes de 1492.

  8. Do Verso à Prosa: o potencial Histórico dos Romances de Cavalaria (Séculos XII-XIV * From Verse to Prose: the Historical potential of Chivalry Romances (Eleventh-Fourteenth Centuries

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    CAROLINA GUAL DA SILVA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Nesse artigo pretendemos problematizar o uso dos romances de cavalaria como documento histórico para investigação da Idade Média. Preocupados em refletir sobre o surgimento desse gênero textual, sua função e seu potencial de investigação histórica, nos dedicamos a analisar um conjunto de obras – os Romans de Chrétien de Troyes, o Tristão de Béroul e o Romance da Melusina de Jean D’Arras. Nosso objetivo é verificar como elas veiculam determinadas representações sociais, cuja finalidade era formalizar uma ação pedagógica em meio às cortes francesas, onde foram proclamados.   Palavras-chave: Literatura – História – Idade Média. Abstract: This article’s intention is to problematize the use of chivalry romances as historical documents for the investigation of the Middle Ages. Concerned with understanding the appearance of this textual genre, its function and historical investigative potential, we have analyzed a group of works – Chrétien de troyes’s Romans, Béroul’s Tristan, and Jean d’Arras’s Melusine Romance. Our goal is to verify how these works portray certain social representations, whose finality was to formalize a pedagogic action in the French courts where they were recited.Keywords: Literature – History – Middle Ages. 

  9. The human dark side: evolutionary psychology and original sin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joseph; Theol, M

    2014-04-01

    Human nature has a dark side, something important to religions. Evolutionary psychology has been used to illuminate the human shadow side, although as a discipline it has attracted criticism. This article seeks to examine the evolutionary psychology's understanding of human nature and to propose an unexpected dialog with an enduring account of human evil known as original sin. Two cases are briefly considered: murder and rape. To further the exchange, numerous theoretical and methodological criticisms and replies of evolutionary psychology are explored jointly with original sin. Evolutionary psychology can partner with original sin since they share some theoretical likenesses and together they offer insights into the nature of what it means to be human.

  10. Morfología del polen en especies de Canna (Cannaceae y su implicancia sistemática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de las Mercedes Ciciarelli

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la morfología de los granos de polen de ocho táxones de Canna, C. ascendens, C. coccinea, C. compacta, C. glauca, C. indica, C. paniculata, C. variegatifolia y C. fuchsina, nueva especie aún no descrita, que fueron estudiadas usando microscopio de luz y microscopio electrónico de barrido. Nosotros utilizamos la técnica de Wodehouse en muestras de 20 granos por espécimen para medir la intina con el microscopio de luz; y la densidad de espinas (en campos de 400μm2 con el microscopio electrσnico de barrido. Los granos de polen son esfιricos, equinados y omniaberturados. El esporodermo presenta una exina muy delgada cubriendo una intina gruesa. La superficie del esporodermo puede ser corrugada, microperforada, sub-reticulada, rugada, rugulada, plegada-estriada, micro-estriada, microgranulada o lisa. Las espinas están formadas por exina, cubiertas total o parcialmente por trifina. La intina esta formada por dos capas, es la parte más gruesa de la pared. La ornamentación equinada es un rasgo genérico en Canna, pero el tamaño, la superficie y el color del polen, y la densidad y forma de las espinas, son rasgos diagnósticos de las especies. La morfología del polen apoya el tratamiento de C. coccinea y C. indica como especies diferentes. Canna fuchsina crece formando densas colonias silvestres en selvas ribereñas húmedas de las provincias de Buenos Aires y Santa Fe, Argentina; sus características sugieren relaciones no muy bien entendidas en el grupo de taxones, algunos son híbridos tales como C. x generalis. Sin embargo, estas plantas muestran granos normales, bien formados, cercanos a los de C. coccinea, que germinan sobre el estigma de flores frescas, nosotros decidimos incluir su polen en este estudio.Pollen morphology in species of Canna (Cannaceae, and systematics implications. The morphology of pollen grains of eight taxa of Canna, C. ascendens, C. coccinea, C. compacta, C. glauca, C. indica, C. paniculata, C

  11. A tendência autobiográfica do romance contemporâneo: Coetzee, Roth e Piglia Adriano Schwartz

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    Adriano Schwartz

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available É uma característica muito forte do romance das últimas décadas a inserção de aspectos autobiográficos nas narrativas. Este trabalho busca sugerir algumas justificativas para esse fenômeno. Em seguida, discute brevemente como isso ocorre em três autores, Philip Roth, Ricardo Piglia e J.M. Coetzee, e analisa um caso exemplar, o romance Diário de um ano ruim.The presence of autobiographical aspects in the narrative is a strong characteristic of the novel in the past few decades. This work tries to suggest some reasons for that. Then, it briefly discusses how that trace occurs in three authors, Philip Roth, Ricardo Piglia, and J.M. Coetzee, to examine next an exemplary case, the novel Diary of a bad year.

  12. Rua de mão única: uma leitura do romance Passado Contínuo de Yaakov Shabtai

    OpenAIRE

    Ligia Nice Luchesi Jorge

    2012-01-01

    Yakov Shabtai (1934-1981), escreveu Passado Contínuo A lembrança das coisas, seu primeiro romance, quase trinta anos após a fundação de Israel, que saía de sua terceira guerra em 30 anos de existência. O romance expõe a vida de três homens, suas relações amorosas e familiares, seus projetos e frustrações, relacionando inúmeras outras personagens que afluem e somem ao longo do enredo. Seu cenário e também personagem é Tel Aviv, o qual será analisado sob o viés de Walter Benjamin em suas críti...

  13. Sobre um hiper-romance ou a estrutura narrativa de Se um viajante numa noite de inverno, de Italo Calvino

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    Tatiane Aparecida da Silva Severino

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O romance Se um viajante numa noite de inverno (1979 encerra a produção ficcional de Italo Calvino da década de 1970, composta ainda por As cidades invisíveis (1972 e O castelo dos destinos cruzados (1973. Esses livros são resultantes de um intenso trabalho de pesquisa, com o qual Calvino busca e testa novas formas e materiais para composição literária, impactando notadamente a organização narrativa. A pesquisa objetivou estudar a estrutura narrativa de Se um viajante numa noite de inverno, buscando compreender como se dá a interação entre os diferentes níveis narrativos da obra. Para tanto foram realizadas análises descritivas desta e os dados obtidos foram estudados à luz do conceito de mise en abyme, reportados por Rita (2014, e das reflexões acerca dos pronomes pessoais no romance, expostas por Butor (1977 e Cacciatori (1990. Verificou-se que a estrutura narrativa divide-se em dois níveis distintos: romance-moldura e microrromances, que, por sua vez, se entrelaçam. Além disso, notou-se o emprego do recurso da mise en abyme, tanto no nível enunciativo quanto do enunciado, instaurando a relação especular. Concluiu-se que esses elementos são responsáveis pela articulação dos dois planos narrativos e pela organicidade da estrutura modular do romance.

  14. Theoretical uncertainty in sin 2beta: An update

    CERN Document Server

    Ciuchini, Marco; Silvestrini, Luca

    2011-01-01

    The source of theoretical uncertainty in the extraction of sin 2beta from the measurement of the golden channel Bd -> J/psi K0 is briefly reviewed. An updated estimate of this uncertainty based on SU(3) flavour symmetry and the measurement of the decay Bd -> J/psi pi0 is also presented.

  15. Prediction of the electron redundant SinNn fullerenes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Huihui; Song, Yan; Zhang, Yan; Chen, Hongshan

    2018-05-01

    The stabilities and electronic structures of SimAln-mNn and SinNn (n = 16, 20, m = 12 and n = 24, m = 16) fullerene-like cages have been investigated using density functional method B3LYP and the second-order perturbation theory MP2. The results show that the SimAln-mNn and SinNn fullerenes are more stable than the AlN counterparts. Comparing with the corresponding AlnNn cages, one silicon atom in each Si2N2 square protrudes and the excess electrons reside as lone pair electrons at the outside of the protrudent Si atoms. Analyses on the electronic structures suggest that the Sisbnd N bonds are covalent bonding with strong polarity. The ELF (electron localization function) shows large electron pair probability between Si and N atoms. The orbital interactions between Si and N are stronger than that between Al and N atoms; the overlap integral is 0.40 per Sisbnd N bond in SinNn and 0.34 per Alsbnd N bond in AlnNn. The AIM (atoms in molecule) charges on the Al atoms in AlnNn and SimAln-mNn are 2.37 and 2.40. The charges on the in-plane and protrudent Si atoms are about 2.88 and 1.50 respectively. Considering the large local dipole moments around the protrudent Si atoms, the electrostatic interactions are also favorable to the SiN cages.

  16. How the Seven Deadly Sins can Lead to Project Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold Kerzner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available For more than forty years, the project management landscape has seen textbooks, journal articles and presented papers discussing the causes of project failures. Unfortunately, many of the failure analyses seem to look at failure superficially rather than in depth. When trying to discover the root cause of a failure, we usually look first in the contractor’s company for someone to blame rather than in our own company. If that doesn’t work, then we begin climbing the organizational hierarchy in our own company by focusing on the project team, followed by the project manager. Once we find someone to blame, the search seems to end and we feel comfortable that we have discovered the cause of the failure. It is human nature to begin finger-pointing at the bottom of the organizational hierarchy first, rather than at the top. Yet, more often than not, the real cause of failure is the result of actions (or inactions and decisions made at the top of the organizational chart than at the bottom. It is also human nature to make decisions based upon how we are affected by the Seven Deadly Sins, namely: envy, anger, pride, greed, sloth, lust and gluttony. Decisions made based upon the Seven Deadly Sins, whether they are made at the top or bottom of the organization, can have dire consequences on projects. Sometimes the sins are hidden and not easily recognized by ourselves or others. We simply do not see or feel that were are committing a sin. The Seven Deadly Sins affect all of us sooner or later, even though we refuse to admit it. Some of us may be impacted by just one or two of the sins, whereas others may succumb to all seven. What is unfortunate is that the greatest damage can occur on projects when the sins influence the way that senior levels of management must interface with projects, whether as a project sponsor or as a member of a governance group. Bad decisions at the top, especially if based upon emotions rather than practicality, can place the

  17. Primer registro de termiteros fósiles para el Pleistoceno tardío de la región mesopotámica (Argentina: implicancias paleoambientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina Erra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta contribución se da a conocer el primer registro de termiteros fósiles para la región Mesopotámica de Argentina, y su disposición espacial, al tiempo que se discuten sus afinidades taxonómicas e implicancias paleoambientales. Las estructuras fósiles pertenecen a nidificaciones de insectos sociales atribuibles a miembros de la Familia Termitidae, y se ubican en la zona de contacto entre la base de la Fm. Toropí/Yupoí (Pleistoceno tardío y el tope de la Fm. Ituzaingó (Mioceno tardío-Plioceno. Se las identifica en los alrededores del Arroyo Toropí (28°36’ S y 59°02’ W, Departamento Bella Vista, provincia de Corrientes. El estudio de las nidificaciones y su disposición espacial se realizó en cinco campos de termiteros mediante su relevamiento y descripción morfológica. La morfología de las estructuras estudiadas coincide claramente con la de los nidos de termitas, en donde resulta característica una fuerte muralla externa. La caracterización de campo, yacencia, desarrollo, frecuencia, tamaños e interrelaciones de los termiteros fósiles y actuales sugieren una estrecha similitud con montículos del género Cornitermes. La morfología presente muestra también cierta semejanza con Tacuruichnus farinai, descripta para el Piso/Edad Marplatense (Plioceno de la región Pampeana. Por otro lado, el análisis fitolítico indicó que las cantidades y las morfologías fitolíticas son semejantes tanto en los termiteros actuales como en los fósiles. Desde un punto de vista paleoambiental, la abundancia de estos termiteros en el contacto entre las mencionadas unidades indicaría la existencia de suelos bien desarrollados, con abundante vegetación graminosa y condiciones húmedas y cálidas con estacionalidad marcada.

  18. Retrospective multi-phase non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (ROMANCE MRA) for robust angiogram separation in the presence of cardiac arrhythmia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hahnsung; Park, Suhyung; Kim, Eung Yeop; Park, Jaeseok

    2018-02-09

    To develop a novel, retrospective multi-phase non-contrast-enhanced MRA (ROMANCE MRA) in a single acquisition for robust angiogram separation even in the presence of cardiac arrhythmia. In the proposed ROMANCE MRA, data were continuously acquired over all cardiac phases using retrospective, multi-phase flow-sensitive single-slab 3D fast spin echo (FSE) with variable refocusing flip angles, while an external pulse oximeter was in sync with pulse repetitions in FSE to record real-time information on cardiac cycles. Data were then sorted into k-bin space using the real-time cardiac information. Angiograms were reconstructed directly from k-bin space by solving a constrained optimization problem with both subtraction-induced sparsity and low rank priors. Peripheral MRA was performed in normal volunteers with/without caffeine consumption and a volunteer with cardiac arrhythmia using conventional fresh blood imaging (FBI) and the proposed ROMANCE MRA for comparison. The proposed ROMANCE MRA shows superior performance in accurately delineating both major and small vessel branches with robust background suppression if compared with conventional FBI. Even in the presence of irregular heartbeats, the proposed method exhibits clear depiction of angiograms over conventional methods within clinically reasonable imaging time. We successfully demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed ROMANCE MRA in generating robust angiograms with background suppression. © 2018 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

  19. La boda de penalty: el romance de Los primos romeros o la resolución poética de un conflicto vulgar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltanás, Enrique

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available Although superficially the romance of Los primos romeros could be interpreted since a surrealist, anticlerical and incestuous perspective, here it is offered a lecture coherent with most of the romancistic oral texts: a conflict so familiar and vulgar as the "wedding by penalty", viewed since a poetic and inclosed indulgent perspective. For the purpose of this romance, theoretical questions as the role of the transmitter ¿author or reader? and the nature of oral texts are examined at once.Aunque a simple vista el romance de Los primos romeros pueda entenderse desde una perspectiva surrealista, anticlerical o incestuosa, aquí se propone una lectura coherente con la mayoría de los textos romancísticos orales modernos: un conflicto tan familiar y vulgar como la "boda de penalty", visto desde una perspectiva poética e incluso indulgente. Al mismo tiempo, y a propósito de este romance, se dilucidan algunas cuestiones teóricas como el papel del transmisor (¿autor o lector? y la propia naturaleza del texto oral.

  20. Prosodic effects on glide-vowel sequences in three Romance languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitoran, Ioana

    2004-05-01

    Glide-vowel sequences occur in many Romance languages. In some they can vary in production, ranging from diphthongal pronunciation [ja,je] to hiatus [ia,ie]. According to native speakers' impressionistic perceptions, Spanish and Romanian both exhibit this variation, but to different degrees. Spanish favors glide-vowel sequences, while Romanian favors hiatus, occasionally resulting in different pronunciations of the same items: Spanish (b[j]ela, ind[j]ana), Romanian (b[i]ela, ind[i]ana). The third language, French, has glide-vowel sequences consistently (b[j]elle). This study tests the effect of position in the word on the acoustic duration of the sequences. Shorter duration indicates diphthong production [jV], while longer duration, hiatus [iV]. Eleven speakers (4 Spanish, 4 Romanian, 3 French), were recorded. Spanish and Romanian showed a word position effect. Word-initial sequences were significantly longer than word-medial ones (p0.05). In the Spanish and Romanian sentences, V in the sequence bears pitch accent, but not in French. It is therefore possible that duration is sensitive not to the presence/absence of the word boundary, but to its position relative to pitch accent. The results suggest that the word position effect is crucially enhanced by pitch accent on V.

  1. Gene associations: true romance or chance meeting in a nuclear neighborhood?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Jeanne B; Clemson, Christine M

    2008-09-22

    Many recent studies have raised interest in the nuclear associations of coregulated genes from different chromosomes, often evoking interpretations of gene-gene interactions, communication, and even "romance." However, in some cases, the associations may be indirect and infrequent and may reflect the segregation of active and inactive genes into different nuclear compartments. The study by Brown et al. (see p. 1083 of this issue) reports that the apparent association of erythroid genes is not a direct interaction nor colocalization to one tiny transcription factory but arises as a result of the known clustering of many active genes with larger splicing factor-rich speckles (a.k.a., SC35-defined domains). This clustering appears largely stochastic but is impacted by the chromosomal neighborhood of the gene as well as its transcriptional status. The study adds a new twist by examining the same gene in a foreign chromosomal context, providing evidence that this impacts a gene's propensity to form gene-domain (or apparent gene-gene) associations within nuclei.

  2. Análise etnoterminológica do romance O Empate, de Florentina Esteves

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    Edilene da Silva Ferreira

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze and describe some word-terms selected in the literary work O Empate, authored by Florentina Esteves, an Acre writer. We start from the assumption that the narrative texts produced in the Amazon region, specifically in Acre, for search to present a local identity, present an ethno-literary discourse, which allows us to understand it as a domain of specialized discourse, in which the lexical units are used with specific meanings, therefore, it can be characterized as object of study of ethnoterminology. As theoretical background we use the concepts of Barbosa, creator of the discipline, which is affiliated with Terminology As a theoretical and methodological contribution, we are based on Corpus Linguistics, according to Berber Sardinha (2009, for the constitution of the corpus of analysis, composed from the extraction of representative lexical units in the romance, for the analysis of the word-terms, in the narrative, acquired specific meanings. The text was processed using the software AntConc (ANTHONY, 2014 and the definitions also observed in the Houaiss Electronic Dictionary (2009, which was used as support.

  3. TRAJES FUNESTOS: UMA LEITURA DE “O ROMANCE DE UNS VELHOS VESTIDOS”, DE HENRY JAMES

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    Adilson dos Santos (UEL

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Em “O romance de uns velhos vestidos”, Henry James explora aquela velha ideia, muito presente em certas religiões, de que espíritos malignos podem se esconder em certos objetos e de que a identidade de um indivíduo pode ser acessada através de seus pertences. Neste conto, a clássica rivalidade entre irmãos se faz sentir entre Viola e a caçula Perdita. Cada qual promove uma ação vingativa em relação à outra. Viola, preterida por Mr. Arthur Lloyd - que toma a irmã por sua esposa -, falsamente deseja a Perdita, longos anos de vida. Já Perdita, falecida logo após dar a luz uma menina, dá cabo da vida da irmã. Ao procurar tomar para si as roupas que pertenceram a Perdita, Viola, agora casada com Lloyd, é assassinada pelo espírito da irmã, extraordinariamente presente em seus trajes.

  4. Romance and help-seeking among college women: "it hurts so much to care".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riessman, C K; Whalen, M H; Frost, R O; Morgenthau, J E

    1991-01-01

    Although previous research shows that adult women in intimate relations tend to enjoy better health than women without partners, this study finds the opposite tends to be true for late adolescent women. We followed a college entering class prospectively for 4 years and measured romantic involvement and various aspects of health and illness behavior in a questionnaire. Health service use was determined from the medical record, and disaggregated into distress and health maintenance visits, as well as visits expressly for psychological counseling. First year students who were romantically involved had more physical symptoms, more medical visits, but not more counseling visits, than non-involved women. At senior year, they continued to have more health maintenance, more counseling, but not more distress visits, and they tended to experience greater interference in social role performance due to illness when compared to non-involved women. When several mediators of the relationship between romantic involvement and health service use were controlled-number and intensity of physical symptoms, sexual activity, stress in the relationship, and social network characteristics--the differences persisted. Romance appears to motivate help-seeking among late adolescent women for reasons that are not easily explained empirically. Recent work on adolescent women's development offers theoretical leads that can guide future investigations.

  5. Entre o passado e o presente do romance moderno: o humor na escrita de Milan Kundera

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    Wilton Barroso Filho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Enquanto pensador da criação estético-romanesca, Milan Kundera assegura que, para refletir acerca da “Arte do Romance” e aquilo que dela se extrai como conhecimento é indispensável procurar entendê-la a partir de dentro de sua própria história; e para ele, quem começou a puxar os fios que teceriam essa história ao longo da modernidade fora o século XVI com François Rabelais. Sendo assim, procurando interpolar o passado ao presente do romance moderno, o humor kunderiano dialoga com a gaiatice do riso rabelaisiano. Entender em que medida esse diálogo permite ao romancista contemporâneo questionar as estruturas sociais bem como a autonomia da criação estética frente ao mundo dominado pela ditadura do idílio, constitui-se no objetivo central desse artigo.

  6. ¿Cirugía coronaria sin bomba para todos?

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    José María Melero Tejedor

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available En la pasada década importantes desarrollos técnicos han hecho posible que la cirugía coronaria sin circulación extracorpórea se convierta en un procedimiento rutinario y reproducible. Se presenta la evolución de esta técnica en nuestro hospital durante estos 10 años, el protocolo quirúrgico utilizado, los resultados obtenidos y las motivaciones para extender su uso a todos los pacientes. A pesar de las controversias suscitadas, se espera que la cirugía coronaria sin circulación extracorpórea continúe expandiéndose y los futuros cirujanos cardíacos deben estar preparados para ello.

  7. Notes on "bioethics and sin" by Jean-Francois Collange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozby, Dimitri

    2005-08-01

    Placing the notion of sin in the context of a meontic account of evil, and emphasizing the effect of sin on the sinner himself, this commentary exposes the insufficiency of restricting oneself to human efforts at atonement, and of thus underemphasizing the role of Christ. Collange's claim that the teaching of "predestination" is rooted in Paul and that the doctrine of merits and indulgences is rooted in Augustine is criticized, and Luther's "forensic" understanding is linked with Augustine, rather than with Paul. Collange's reduction of the concern for holiness to respect and trust is contrasted with holiness's essential context of loving unification with God. The commentary closes by exposing the unsatisfactory scantiness of Collange's treatment of cloning, health-care economy, and of the evils of life.

  8. Parametric excitation of a SiN membrane via piezoelectricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shuhui; Sheng, Jiteng; Zhang, Xiaotian; Wu, Yuelong; Wu, Haibin

    2018-01-01

    We develop a stoichiometric silicon nitride (SiN) membrane-based electromechanical system, in which the spring constant of the mechanical resonator can be dynamically controlled via piezoelectric actuation. The degenerate parametric amplifier is studied in this configuration. We observe the splitting of mechanical mode in the response spectra of a phase-sensitive parametric amplifier. In addition, we demonstrate that the quality factor Q of the membrane oscillator can be significantly enhanced by more than two orders of magnitude due to the coherent amplification, reaching an effective Q factor of ˜3 × 108 at room temperature. The nonlinear effect on the parametric amplification is also investigated, as well as the thermomechanical noise squeezing. This system offers the possibility to integrate electrical, optical and mechanical degrees of freedom without compromising the exceptional material properties of SiN membranes, and can be a useful platform for studying cavity optoelectromechanics.

  9. The black Arab as a substitution for sin and guilt

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    Petrović Radmilo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The figure of the Black Arab as a form of guilt and sin is a well-established memorial pattern throughout the Mediterranean world, having already existed for more than 3000 years. This text is focused on two different types of interpretation of the Black Stone and its semantic relation with the symbolized figure of Black Arab in the oral traditions of Mediterranean peoples - Jewish religion and Islamic eschatology. The transformation of the signification of the Black Stone was transferred to the Islamic religion in the act of pilgrimage. The Jewish practice of transferring sin and guilt is related with the Iranian-Manichean Ahura Mazda-Ahriman, and the ancient Greek goddess Hecate. All manifestations of the Black Arab left a deep trace on Slavic spiritual life through the Slavic gods Chernobog, Triglav and Toyan and consequently on the deeply rooted conception of all Slavic peoples that the Black Arab was a black demon of death and the underworld.

  10. Parametric excitation of a SiN membrane via piezoelectricity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuhui Wu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available We develop a stoichiometric silicon nitride (SiN membrane-based electromechanical system, in which the spring constant of the mechanical resonator can be dynamically controlled via piezoelectric actuation. The degenerate parametric amplifier is studied in this configuration. We observe the splitting of mechanical mode in the response spectra of a phase-sensitive parametric amplifier. In addition, we demonstrate that the quality factor Q of the membrane oscillator can be significantly enhanced by more than two orders of magnitude due to the coherent amplification, reaching an effective Q factor of ∼3 × 108 at room temperature. The nonlinear effect on the parametric amplification is also investigated, as well as the thermomechanical noise squeezing. This system offers the possibility to integrate electrical, optical and mechanical degrees of freedom without compromising the exceptional material properties of SiN membranes, and can be a useful platform for studying cavity optoelectromechanics.

  11. MEMS Based SINS/OD Filter for Land Vehicles’ Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huisheng Liu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A constrained low-cost SINS/OD filter aided with magnetometer is proposed in this paper. The filter is designed to provide a land vehicle navigation solution by fusing the measurements of the microelectromechanical systems based inertial measurement unit (MEMS IMU, the magnetometer (MAG, and the velocity measurement from odometer (OD. First, accelerometer and magnetometer integrated algorithm is studied to stabilize the attitude angle. Next, a SINS/OD/MAG integrated navigation system is designed and simulated, using an adaptive Kalman filter (AKF. It is shown that the accuracy of the integrated navigation system will be implemented to some extent. The field-test shows that the azimuth misalignment angle will diminish to less than 1°. Finally, an outliers detection algorithm is studied to estimate the velocity measurement bias of the odometer. The experimental results show the enhancement in restraining observation outliers that improves the precision of the integrated navigation system.

  12. Sin and bioethics: why a liturgical anthropology is foundational.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelhardt, H Tristram

    2005-08-01

    The project of articulating a coherent, canonical, content-full, secular morality-cum-bioethics fails, because it does not acknowledge sin, which is to say, it does not acknowledge the centrality of holiness, which is essential to a non-distorted understanding of human existence and of morality. Secular morality cannot establish a particular moral content, the harmony of the good and the right, or the necessary precedence of morality over prudence, because such is possible only in terms of an ultimate point of reference: God. The necessity of a rightly ordered appreciation of God places centrally the focus on holiness and the avoidance of sin. Because the cardinal relationship of creatures to their Creator is worship, and because the cardinal corporate act of human worship is the Liturgy, morality in general and bioethics in particular can be understood in terms of the conditions necessary, so as worthily to enter into Eucharistic liturgical participation. Morality can be summed up in terms of the requirements of ritual purity. A liturgical anthropology is foundational to an account of the content-full morality and bioethics that should bind humans, since humans are first and foremost creatures obliged to join in rightly ordered worship of their Creator. When humans worship correctly, when they avoid sin and pursue holiness, they participate in restoring created reality.

  13. Misattribution, false recognition and the sins of memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schacter, D L; Dodson, C S

    2001-09-29

    Memory is sometimes a troublemaker. Schacter has classified memory's transgressions into seven fundamental 'sins': transience, absent-mindedness, blocking, misattribution, suggestibility, bias and persistence. This paper focuses on one memory sin, misattribution, that is implicated in false or illusory recognition of episodes that never occurred. We present data from cognitive, neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies that illuminate aspects of misattribution and false recognition. We first discuss cognitive research examining possible mechanisms of misattribution associated with false recognition. We also consider ways in which false recognition can be reduced or avoided, focusing in particular on the role of distinctive information. We next turn to neuropsychological research concerning patients with amnesia and Alzheimer's disease that reveals conditions under which such patients are less susceptible to false recognition than are healthy controls, thus providing clues about the brain mechanisms that drive false recognition. We then consider neuroimaging studies concerned with the neural correlates of true and false recognition, examining when the two forms of recognition can and cannot be distinguished on the basis of brain activity. Finally, we argue that even though misattribution and other memory sins are annoying and even dangerous, they can also be viewed as by-products of adaptive features of memory.

  14. ROMANCE: A new software tool to improve data robustness and feature identification in CE-MS metabolomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Ruiz, Víctor; Gagnebin, Yoric; Drouin, Nicolas; Codesido, Santiago; Rudaz, Serge; Schappler, Julie

    2018-01-02

    The use of capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry (CE-MS) in metabolomics remains an oddity compared to the widely adopted use of liquid chromatography. This technique is traditionally regarded as lacking the reproducibility to adequately identify metabolites by their migration times. The major reason is the variability of the velocity of the background electrolyte, mainly coming from shifts in the magnitude of the electroosmotic flow and from the suction caused by electrospray interfaces. The use of the effective electrophoretic mobility is one solution to overcome this issue as it is a characteristic feature of each compound. To date, such an approach has not been applied to metabolomics due to the complexity and size of CE-MS data obtained in such studies. In this paper, ROMANCE (RObust Metabolomic Analysis with Normalized CE) is introduced as a new software for CE-MS-based metabolomics. It allows the automated conversion of batches of CE-MS files with minimal user intervention. ROMANCE converts the x-axis of each MS file from the time into the effective mobility scale and the resulting files are already pseudo-aligned, present normalized peak areas and improved reproducibility, and can eventually follow existing metabolomic workflows. The software was developed in Scala, so it is multi-platform and computationally-efficient. It is available for download under a CC license. In this work, the versatility of ROMANCE was demonstrated by using data obtained in the same and in different laboratories, as well as its application to the analysis of human plasma samples. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Discurso narrativo y discurso lírico en Romance Sonámbulo de Federico García Lorca

    OpenAIRE

    Nusch, Carlos

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo propone estudiar la irrupción del discurso lírico tal como lo define Susana Reisz de Rivarola en Romance Sonámbulo de Federico García Lorca. Si bien Romancero Gitano se adscribe en la vanguardia estética española, es el género tradicional romance lo que estructura el poemario junto con varios elementos que articulan un diálogo entre lírica moderna y tradicional. Según Karlheinz Stierle el discurso lírico se caracteriza por la ruptura de la linealidad y la multiplicación de...

  16. Marcas da violência e jogos do poder no romance urbano de Patrícia Melo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Castanheira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes the romance O Matador (The Killer by Patrícia Melo. Its thematic universe and discursive strategies break not only with the prospects of the more contemporary feminist literary criticism, but also with the bourgeois ideological system, more broadly. The object is to highlight how the use of the male voice and masculine cultural experiences, taken to its ultimate consequences, may be converted into a subliminal criticism regarding the ways of how the discriminating speeches are built, through sexual, economic and social criteria in our society.

  17. Vozes emergentes: uma leitura do romance "Um rio chamado tempo, uma casa chamada terra", de Mia Couto

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Jos? Benedito dos

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as vozes emergentes da cultura de matriz iorub? e banta no romance Um rio chamado tempo, uma casa chamada terra (2003), especificamente analisar a recria??o de alguns mitos africanos nessa obra de Mia Couto, por meio do dialogismo entre os mitos criados pelos povos de l?ngua iorub? e banta e aqueles cultuados pelas personagens ficcionais de Mia Couto, especialmente nos aspectos ritual?sticos e nos meios adotados para a transmiss?o da tradi??o ora...

  18. Historical Fiction as a Mixture of History and Romance: Towards the Genre Definition of the Historical Novel

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    Nagy Ladislav

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on Walter Scott’s Waverley and its classification as the founding text of the historical novel by Georg Lukacs. The author attempts to show that Lukacs takes Scott too much at his word and posits Waverley in the tradition of the English historical novel as it developed from Defoe and Fielding, while neglecting the close ties that Waverley has with marginalized genres such as romance. The author also argues that rather than being an expression of class consciousness, Waverley is an attempt to justify a certain change in political attitude, from radicalism to conservatism

  19. BOAVENTURA CARDOSO E O ROMANCE ANGOLANO: REVISTO E ATUALIZADO / Boaventura Cardoso and the Angolan novel: reviewed and revised

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    Sueli Saraiva (UNILAB

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este texto aponta indícios de como a forma romanesca moderna, cunhada a partir da e para a cultura ocidental, passa por constantes processos de revisão e atualiza-se movida pelo projeto sócio-político-cultural das sociedades que lhe dão conteúdo. No caso de Angola, novas estratégias literárias como a conjunção deliberada entre oralidade e escrita têm sido apresentadas nos romances do escritor e político angolano Boaventura Cardoso. O artigo, por isso, irá brevemente analisar e interpretar tanto o conteúdo quanto a forma literária adotados nos seguintes romances de Cardoso: O signo do fogo (1992, Maio, mês de Maria (1997 e Mãe, materno mar (2001. Como marcos teóricos desta investigação, adotaremos da tradição europeia o pensamento de intelectuais como Bakthin (Teoria do romance e Auerbach (Mimesis. Do lado de uma tradição produzida a partir das próprias balizas da cultura africana, recorreremos a autores como Laura Padilha e Inocência Mata, além de Rita Chaves e Tania Macêdo. Palavras-chave: Angola, romance, Boaventura Cardoso. ABSTRACT This text aims to indicate how novelistic form coined from and for Occidental culture would recycle and update itself in accordance with the sociopolitical-cultural project in Africans societies. In the case of Angola, new literary strategies as the deliberate combination between orality and writing have been presented in the novels of the Angolan writer and politician Boaventura Cardoso.  This paper, therefore, will briefly analyze and interpret both the content and the literary form adopted in the following Cardoso novels: O signo do fogo (1992, Maio, mês de Maria (1997, and Mãe, materno mar (2001. As theoretical frameworks of research, we adopt the thinking of intellectuals of European tradition as Bakhtin (Theory of the novel and Auerbach (Mimesis. From the tradition produced from own marks of African culture, we resort to authors such as Laura Padilha and Inocência Mata

  20. Boquitas Pintadas, de Manuel Puig: um romance experimental - doi: 10.4025/actascilangcult.v35i3.16506

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    Wanderlan da Silva Alves

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os procedimentos escriturais que conferem uma configuração experimentalista ao romance Boquitas Pintadas, do escritor argentino Manuel Puig, para demonstrar que a narrativa do autor associa abertura formal e consciência crítica em sua elaboração. Desse modo, Puig desenvolve uma perspectiva narrativa marcada pela hibridação formal, que dialoga com os produtos e bens simbólicos do universo da cultura de massa, sem que abandone o trabalho crítico e esteticamente consciente.

  1. Narratives as an educational tool : a review of 'A Scientific Romance'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hughes, J.; Andrey, J. [Waterloo Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Geography

    2000-06-01

    This paper examined how the use of narratives can be used as a tool for educating the public on climate change with particular reference to Ronald Wright's 1997 novel entitled A Scientific Romance. The novel develops climate change as a central theme in the development plot and has received excellent reviews from literary critics in Canada, Great Britain and the United States. This paper reviewed the novel using criteria from both cognitive psychology and climatology. Cognitive theory claims that human beings think, perceive, understand and make choices according to narrative structures. This evaluation compared Wright's depiction of future climate change with scientific projections. Wright provides great detail regarding climatic conditions of the Great London-Thames Estuary region of Southern England in the years 2500-2501. The climatic variables used in the evaluation consist of surface temperature, sea level rise, precipitation and wind speed. This evaluation determined that Wright's narrative depiction of London's future climate is much more extreme than what scientists project. It was concluded that Wright's tightly woven narrative takes an abstract issue and successfully transforms it into something interesting and provides a detailed depiction of a plausible future climate and its implications for society. However, two minor weaknesses were found to exist. First, there is little reference to the major cause of climate change, and secondly, the climate scenario depicted in the novel is more consistent with the runaway greenhouse theory than with scientists' projections. It was cautioned that narratives must be used carefully and responsibly otherwise, the magnitude of portrayed changes may create a sense of disbelief or helplessness on the part of the public. 27 refs., 1 tab.

  2. CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN THREE MOTINGO BUSYE’S ROMANCE “POPULAR” NOVELS

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    Maizufri -

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is entitled Cultural Diversity in Three Motingo Busye’s Romance “Popular” Novels and explored three novels written by Motingo Busye (hereinafter abbreviated to MB, Fatimah Chen Chen, Hotel Halekulani, and Seribu Senja di Roma. It aimed at identifying the cultural styles used in the three novels using the theory of intertextuality proposed by Julia Kristeva. It investigated how the writer described the images of many cultures in the world narrated in the three novels using the sociological approach and psychological approach. It revealed the characterization of the main characters during their lives through the sequence of id, ego, and super ego. Apart from that, several cultural forms as to how the writer named the characters in the three novels were also investigated. The forms of cultural diversity found in the present study are as follows (1 out of 76 characters in the three novels coming from four countries, seven cities and regions, 38 forms of images coming Europe, America, and Asia (Taiwan and Indonesia were found; (2 from the process of characterization of the main characters, as far as their images were concerned, it was found that the forms of cultural pluralism varied; they were samen leven (living together, polygamy, and the phenomenon of illegitimate children; (3 Apart from that, with regard to how the characters were named (the naming process, the three novels showed the nuance of cultural pluralism involving various cultures in the world. It turned out that how the so many characters were named needed high and wide awareness and knowledge of various cultures as the material of the essence of the images.

  3. CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN THREE MOTINGO BUSYE’S ROMANCE “POPULAR” NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maizufri -

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study is entitled Cultural Diversity in Three Motingo Busye’s Romance “Popular” Novels and explored three novels written by Motingo Busye (hereinafter abbreviated to MB, Fatimah Chen Chen, Hotel Halekulani, and Seribu Senja di Roma. It aimed at identifying the cultural styles used in the three novels using the theory of intertextuality proposed by Julia Kristeva. It investigated how the writer described the images of many cultures in the world narrated in the three novels using the sociological approach and psychological approach. It revealed the characterization of the main characters during their lives through the sequence of id, ego, and super ego. Apart from that, several cultural forms as to how the writer named the characters in the three novels were also investigated. The forms of cultural diversity found in the present study are as follows (1 out of 76 characters in the three novels coming from four countries, seven cities and regions, 38 forms of images coming Europe, America, and Asia (Taiwan and Indonesia were found; (2 from the process of characterization of the main characters, as far as their images were concerned, it was found that the forms of cultural pluralism varied; they were samen leven (living together, polygamy, and the phenomenon of illegitimate children; (3 Apart from that, with regard to how the characters were named (the naming process, the three novels showed the nuance of cultural pluralism involving various cultures in the world. It turned out that how the so many characters were named needed high and wide awareness and knowledge of various cultures as the material of the essence of the images.

  4. MÚSICAS SIN MEMORIA = Musics without memory

    OpenAIRE

    Pardo Salgado, Carmen

    2013-01-01

    A partir de los planteamientos del filósofo francés Daniel Charles sobre la música y el olvido, reflexionamos en este ensayo sobre la relación entre la memoria y la música. La centralidad del tiempo en este capítulo de la estéticamusical nos conduce desde Aristóteles hasta Pierre Boulez y sin olvidar a Adorno, la posibilidad de una nueva escucha pasa por una nueva relación conla memoria.

  5. MÚSICAS SIN MEMORIA = Musics without memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen PARDO SALGADO

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los planteamientos del filósofo francés Daniel Charles sobre la música y el olvido, reflexionamos en este ensayo sobre la relación entre la memoria y la música. La centralidad del tiempo en este capítulo de la estéticamusical nos conduce desde Aristóteles hasta Pierre Boulez y sin olvidar a Adorno, la posibilidad de una nueva escucha pasa por una nueva relación conla memoria.

  6. Measurement of the cp violation parameter sin 2 beta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    K.F. Kelley

    1999-01-01

    This thesis presents a measurement of the time-dependent asymmetry in the rate of (anti B) d 0 versus B d 0 decays to J/ψK s 0 . In the context of the Standard Model this is interpreted as a measurement of the CP violation parameter sin(2β). A total of 198±17 B d 0 /(anti B) d 0 decays were observed in p(anti p) collisions at √s=1.8 TeV by the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The initial B flavor (whether B 0 or (anti B) 0 ) is determined by a same-side flavor tagging technique. The analysis results in sin(2β)=1.8±1.1(stat.)±0.3(syst.). This analysis demonstrates the feasibility of studying CP violation in the B 0 -(anti B) 0 system at a hadron collider. By applying the methods used in this analysis, future, higher-statistics experiments should be able to tightly constrain the parameters of the Standard Model

  7. Between morality and repentance: recapturing "sin" for bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delkeskamp-Hayes, Corinna

    2005-08-01

    Distinguishing within "sin" the dimensions of anomia, hamartia, and asthenia makes it possible to analyze in greater detail the contrary manners in which traditional and post-traditional Christianities in this issue of Christian Bioethics endeavor to recapture what was lost when secular bioethics reconstructed the specifically spiritual-context-oriented normative commitments of Christianity in one-dimensionally moral terms. Various post-traditional attempts at securing moral orientation and resources for forgiveness, both of which secular bioethics finds increasingly difficult to provide, are critically reviewed. Their engagement of secular moral concepts and concerns, and even their adoption of an academically philosophical posture and language, is presented as responsible for their failure to adequately preserve what in traditional Christianity would count as prohibited vs. permitted, and advisable vs. non-advisable, or what would allow to resolve "tragic conflicts." The deeper reason for this failure lies in post-traditional Christianity's restricting the Christian life (with its central tension between love and the law) to what can be captured by cognitive categories. As the survey of several traditionally Christian accounts of sin in bioethics makes clear, both moral orientation (along with the resolution of "tragic" conflicts) and the sources of forgiveness are available, once that Christian life is framed in terms of persons' spirit-supported practical involvement in ascesis and liturgy, and once bioethical reflections are situated in the experiential context of such involvement.

  8. «O Nome da Rosa», romance de transcrição e de metalinguagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Lourenço de Lima Reis

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho procura estudar O Nome da Rosa sob dois aspectos: como romance de transcrição, focalizando a figura do narrador, e também como metalinguagem. Como se trata de um livro sobre livros, Umberto Eco chama a atenção para o caráter intertextual e fenomênico da escrita. Seu uso das técnicas do romance policial visa ao mesmo tempo distrair o leitor e apresentar um modelo de interpretação tanto de um mundo feito de sinais, quanto do próprio texto. O livro torna-se, então, uma versão ficcional de sua pesquisa sobre semiótica e comunicação.Codesto studio de Il Nome della Rosa focalizza due aspectti: quello del metalinguaggio e quello del romanzo di transcrizione, valorizzando il ruolo del narratore. Sicomme è un libro sui libri, Umberto Eco fa risaltare il carattere intertestuale e fenomenico della scrittura. L'impiego delle tecnica di costruzione del giallo mira a intrattenere il lettore e contemporaneamente offre una chiave interpretativa del testo stesso e di un mondo di segni. Il romanzo si trasforma cosi un una versione fittizia della sua ricerca si semiotica e di comunicazione.

  9. From rakhi to romance: negotiating 'acceptable' relationships in co-educational secondary schools in New Delhi, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Padmini

    2018-03-01

    Based on a multi-method study conducted with middle-class young people (aged 15-17) in three secondary schools in New Delhi, India, this paper focuses on heterosocial dynamics within school peer cultures as an important site of learning about gender and sexuality. Findings indicate that young people negotiate and adapt rakhi (brother-sister) relationships to form less strictly platonic heterosocial friendships, which leave open the possibility of romance. Students' preferences for certain heterosocial relationships are considered within the context of wider cultural narratives. For example, students often rejected rakhi relationships, tied to traditional, conservative values, in favour of heterosocial friendships associated with more modern and desirable social patterns. Moreover, students' own definitions of acceptable heterosocial interactions within peer cultures suggest that they are adept at negotiating norms of gender segregation that are enforced in co-educational schools. In contrast to other formal and informal sources of sexual learning available to them, experiences and stories of romances circulating in schools seemed to offer students alternative, more positive ways of understanding teenage intimacy and sexuality.

  10. Produção e conservação escolar da masculinidade no romance O Ateneu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia Marchi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo analiza la producción y conservación de la masculinidad en el romance O Ateneu (Raul Pompeia que retrata la vida escolar en un internado de elite del siglo XIX. El ensayo discute principalmente la trayectoria del niño Sérgio, narrador y protagonista del romance. Él sufre experiencias disciplinares destinadas a transformar sus marcas infantiles y femeninas en características adultas y masculinas. La producción y conservación de la masculinidad aparecen principalmente implicadas en eventos rituales que tenían por objetivo definir identidad asignando marcas distintivas socialmente reconocidas, que estipulaban la norma viril y estigmatizaban y castigaban supuestas fragilidades femeninas o comportamientos vistos como afeminados. El análisis de la producción y conservación de la masculinidad en O Ateneu permite, así, observar los “mecanismos históricos responsables de la ahistoricidad y eternización relativas de las estructuras de la división sexual” (Bourdieu, 2002, p. 8 actuantes en aquel medio escolar.

  11. Further questions to the historiography of Arabic (but not only Arabic) mathematics from the perspective of Romance abbacus mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Jens

    2007-01-01

    Since some years I have been engaged in a close reading of early Italian abbacus books and related material from the Ibero-Provençal orbit and in comparison of this material with Arabic mathematical writings. At the 7th North African Meeting on the History of Arab Mathematics in Marrakesh in 2002 I...... unknown link to the Arabic world, viz to a level of Arabic algebra (probably integrated with mu a¯mala¯t mathematics) of which very little is known. At the 8th Meeting in Tunis in 2004 mathematics) of which very little is known. At the 8th Meeting in Tunis in 2004 I presented a list of linguistic clues...... which, if applied to Arabic material, might enable us to say more about the links between the Romance abbacus tradition and Arabic mu a¯mala¯t  teaching. Here I investigate a number of problem types and techniques which turn up in some but not necessarily in all of the following source types: - Romance...

  12. "Springtime in the South Is Like a Song in My Heart": Raina Telgemeier's "Drama," the Romanticization of the Plantation South, and the Romance Plot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abate, Michelle Ann

    2017-01-01

    This essay explores the complex relationship that exists between the romance plot and the romanticization of the antebellum South in Raina Telgemeier's critically acclaimed and commercially successful graphic novel, "Drama." The text's use of a "Gone With the Wind"-style musical as its romantic and thematic pivot point…

  13. The Evolution of Luz: A Case Study of Gendered Tensions of Romance and Domesticity in the Life of a Former Migrant, Chicana College Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Reynaldo, III; Valles, Estella; Salinas, Cinthia

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a case study of a Chicana former migrant in her first year of college through CAMP (College Assistance Migrant Program), and how she negotiated the challenges of family, romance, and the desire to reach her goals. Through narrative analysis, the authors examine the thoughts, words, and experiences of Luz's life to provide insight to…

  14. "The Way to a Man's Heart." Journey and War Metaphors. Metaphorical Conceptualisations of the Western Romance Model in English and Spanish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Maria Angeles Navarrete

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines two examples of the Western model of romance in English and Spanish discourse: the English metaphor, "the (best) way to a man's heart is through his stomach" (journey metaphor) and its Spanish counterpart, "Al hombre se le conquista por el estomago" (war metaphor). Both central metaphors entail a number of…

  15. Melanoma gástrico sin origen primario conocido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorka Docio Gregorio

    Full Text Available El melanoma maligno es una neoplasia derivada de los melanocitos, que equivale al 5 % de las neoplasias cutáneas. El 95 % de los melanomas se desarrolla en la piel y menos de 3 % corresponde a melanoma metastásico sin evidencia de tumor primario. En el tracto gastrointestinal, la afectación por melanoma es debido la mayoría de las veces a metástasis. El melanoma primario gastrointestinal está descrito que afecta a la zona anorrectal, seguido de esófago. El melanoma gástrico primario es un tumor excepcional, existen muy pocos casos documentados en la literatura. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con un melanoma en estómago como primera manifestación de la enfermedad y hacemos una revisión del estado actual.

  16. Anisotropic straining of graphene using micropatterned SiN membranes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca F. Settembrini

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available We use micro-Raman spectroscopy to study strain in free-standing graphene monolayers anchored to SiN holes of non-circular geometry. We show that a uniform differential pressure load yields measurable deviations from hydrostatic strain, conventionally observed in radially symmetric microbubbles. A pressure load of 1 bar yields a top hydrostatic strain of ≈ 0.7% and a G± splitting of 10 cm−1 in graphene clamped to elliptical boundaries with axes 40 and 20 μm, in good agreement with the calculated anisotropy Δε ≈ 0.6% and consistently with recent reports on Grüneisen parameters. The implementation of arbitrary strain configurations by designing suitable boundary clamping conditions is discussed.

  17. Sinú River raw water treatment by natural coagulants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johana Paola Rodiño-Arguello

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluaron cinco extractos coagulantes naturales en solución salina de tallosde Hylocereus cf. trigonus (Cactus, exudado gomoso de Albizia saman (Campano, corteza deGuazuma ulmifolia (Guácimo y corteza y semilla de Moringa oleífera (Moringa, en muestrasde agua cruda tomadas del río Sinú, con niveles de turbidez inicial entre 56 y 300 unidadesnefelométricas de turbidez (UNT. Con ensayos de jarras, se determinó las efi cienciasde remoción de turbidez, como una función del porcentaje de actividad coagulante, paradosis aplicadas entre 5 mg/L a 200 mg/L. Aunque el Carbono Orgánico Total (COT es unparámetro importante en la calidad del agua, no se incluyó en este estudio debido a que seha hallado que la turbidez del rio Sinú es de origen sedimentario y su corriente tiene unabaja carga orgánica. Las efi ciencias de remoción variaron de 40% (con turbidez menores a100 UNT hasta 90% (con turbidez inicial mayor a 150 UNT, para dosis óptimas de 10 mg/La 40 mg/L de extractos de tallos de H. cf. trigonus, exudado gomoso de A. saman, y cortezasde G. ulmifolia y de M. oleífera. El extracto de mayor efi ciencia fue el obtenido de la semillade M. oleífera, siendo más efectivo con turbidez mayor a 150 UNT, logrando una actividadcoagulante hasta del 98%.

  18. Las formas del trabajo femenino y su representación en el romance La noble porquera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceballos Viro, Ignacio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the depiction of women’s work found in the traditional ballad La noble porquera / La porquerola. Firstly, the story is analyzed from an anthropological perspective. Then, the causes and consequences derived from the conflict between mother-in-law and daughterin- law have been examined. This clash is actually the trigger of the plot, which results in the burden of work thrown upon the young wife. The next aim of this study is to determine why those particular duties are seen as a punishment in the ballad. In order to do this, we consider the sociocultural circumstances in which the ballad was passed on; for instance, the fact that many ballad informants worked doing the same tasks that were criticized in the story (like breeding the cattle. Finally, we set out some conclusions about the impact of the socioeconomic background on the oral tradition and the nature and scope of the anthropological analysis in literature.En este estudio se analiza la interpretación que el romance tradicional La noble porquera / La porquerola ofrece acerca del trabajo femenino. Partiendo de un análisis del relato desde la perspectiva antropológica, se examinan en primer lugar las causas y consecuencias del conflicto entre suegra y nuera, el cual funciona como motor de la trama y viene a desembocar en la imposición de unas determinadas cargas laborales sobre la nuera. Lo interesante a continuación es dar razón de por qué el romance considera esos trabajos en particular como un castigo. Para ello, se determina el valor que pudieran tener algunas circunstancias socioculturales en la transmisión del romance, como el hecho de que muchas informantes se dedicaran precisamente a las tareas de cuidado del ganado. Finalmente, se presentan unas conclusiones sobre el grado de incidencia del medio socioeconómico en los relatos orales y sobre las características de la propia perspectiva de análisis antropológico de la literatura.

  19. "A jazzed and patchwork modern": "future" girls and modern masculinities in the early popular romances of Berta Ruck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanerick, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    As a best-selling writer of popular romances during the first half of the twentieth century, Berta Ruck (1878-1978) has been characterised as a producer of 'omelettes of frivolity and sweetness' whose appeal was confined to adolescent girls and the servant classes. Closer attention to some of the early novels and to her own evaluation of her work, however, reveals her attempts to confront and articulate the impact of societal change upon a generation whose world was being irrevocably altered by the Great War and its aftermath. Her almost forensic attention to local detail and her treatment of contemporary questions of gender identity make her a compelling chronicler of the period and lend credibility to her claims of a broader readership than that generally associated with the genre.

  20. Tender heroes and twilight lovers: re-reading the romance in mass-market pulp novels, 1950-1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Christine V

    2014-01-01

    In mid-century popular presses published paperbacks about lesbians, gay men, and characters with male and female lovers.  Barbara Grier was the first to catalog novels featuring lesbian subplots by classifying stories based on the extent and style of lesbian content.  I perform a content analysis of 49 novels, motivated by these questions:  How did novels with lesbian and gay characters differ from heterosexual romances?  What do differences reveal about cultural understandings of love, gender, and sexuality?  I find uniformity in the structural logic of novels.  However, there are different narrative strategies, and protagonists' gender and sexuality predict a novel's trajectory.

  1. Romance de Romeu e Julieta: tradução, memória e cultura popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clara Versiani Galery

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina as semelhanças entre memória e tradução, ao mesmo tempo em que tece uma reflexão sobre o problema da identidade cultural. O conto de Jorge Luis Borges, “La memoria de Shakespeare”, é explorado como um pretexto para a discussão do convívio entre duas tradições, a erudita e a popular. Valendo-se do conceito de transculturação, este artigo demonstra como o folheto de literatura de cordel Romance de Romeu e Julieta adapta um enredo que Shakespeare tornou conhecido, transportando-o para o contexto do nordeste brasileiro.

  2. EM CARTAZ, CHICO BUARQUE: A ADAPTAÇÃO FÍLMICA DO ROMANCE BENJAMIN POR MONIQUE GARDENBERG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Mendes Arruda

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A versão da cineasta Monique Gardenberg do romance Benjamim, de Chico Buarque, leva às telas a narrativa do ex-modelo fotográfico fundida em dois tempos e entre duas personagens: Castana Beatriz, nos anos 1960, e Ariela Masé, nos anos 1990. A análise é elaborada à luz da contemporânea teoria sobre adaptação fílmica de Brian McFarlane. Sob a ótica das Funções distribucionais e integrativas da narrativa – defendidas por Roland Barthes na Teoria dos Níveis (1973 –, que são o pilar das análises propostas por McFarlane, este artigo examina as duas versões de Benjamim e os processos de transferência e adaptação própria utilizados.

  3. A refiguração do mito sebastianista no Romance d'A Pedra do Reino, de Ariano Suassuna

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia Maria Prieto Romolo

    2004-01-01

    Resumo: A partir da questão das relações entre literatura e história, procede-se à leitura crítica do Romance d?A Pedra do Reino, de Ariano Suassuna, uma narrativa que, em sua execução e propósitos, revela-se como um discurso reorganizador da história dos movimentos sebastianistas nordestinos por intermédio da ficção. A investigação incide sobre o processo de escritura do narrador Quaderna, procurando entender como se constrói a ressemantização do referente histórico para transformá-lo em mat...

  4. Implementation of Mobile Target Positioning Technology Integrating SINS with WSN Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengming Luo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Accurate and robust positioning technology is expected to promote management level and service efficiency in various industrial applications. The strap-down inertial navigation system (SINS approach has short-term accurate positioning performance, but the SINS is known for its accumulative error over time. Meanwhile, wireless sensor networks (WSN approach can keep the mobile target on effective tracking after a long time monitoring, but the WSN may have large positioning error in certain areas. In order to make the positioning method allow profit from their advantages, this paper proposes a positioning technology using SINS approach in conjunction with WSN approach. The measurement parameters by SINS and WSN approaches are used. Then the SINS, anchor nodes, mobile tags, XBee, and computer are applied to design the positioning system. The estimation results indicate that the proposed method can make up for the shortcomings by pure SINS or WSN method and can be available for some accurate and robust applications.

  5. Sins: the Supernova Intensive Study - 87A Revisit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirshner, Robert

    1991-07-01

    Supernovae are stars at the end of stellar evolution. They mark the moment of stellar destruction, act as the key process in the chemical evolution of the universe, serve as agitators and probes of the interstellar medium, and provide sharp and useful tools for cosmological investigations. As SN 1987A demonstrated, the best progress in this field comes from detailed study of the brightest objects. Many central problems of supernova research can be attacked by intensive and extensive observations of a handful of moderately bright supernovae using the HST cameras and spectrographs. SN 1987A provides a unique opportunity to connect the evolution of a supernova with the development of a supernova remnant and will be intensively studied in this program. Because supernovae touch on so many fields of astronomy, the results of this Supernova Intensive Study (SINS) will affect a broad range of areas from stellar interiors to cosmology so a diverse team of investigators has been assembled which includes experts on all these aspects of astronomy. While the first cycle observations concentrate on SN 1987A and on a fresh supernova to be studied at intermediate age, the second and third cycle will include target-of-opportunity observations of freshly-discovered supernovae which will strive for good UV coverage at early phases of the outburst.

  6. Sin Nombre hantavirus decreases survival of male deer mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luis, Angela D; Douglass, Richard J; Hudson, Peter J; Mills, James N; Bjørnstad, Ottar N

    2012-06-01

    How pathogens affect their hosts is a key question in infectious disease ecology, and it can have important influences on the spread and persistence of the pathogen. Sin Nombre virus (SNV) is the etiological agent of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in humans. A better understanding of SNV in its reservoir host, the deer mouse, could lead to improved predictions of the circulation and persistence of the virus in the mouse reservoir, and could help identify the factors that lead to increased human risk of HPS. Using mark-recapture statistical modeling on longitudinal data collected over 15 years, we found a 13.4% decrease in the survival of male deer mice with antibodies to SNV compared to uninfected mice (both male and female). There was also an additive effect of breeding condition, with a 21.3% decrease in survival for infected mice in breeding condition compared to uninfected, non-breeding mice. The data identified that transmission was consistent with density-dependent transmission, implying that there may be a critical host density below which SNV cannot persist. The notion of a critical host density coupled with the previously overlooked disease-induced mortality reported here contribute to a better understanding of why SNV often goes extinct locally and only seems to persist at the metapopulation scale, and why human spillover is episodic and hard to predict.

  7. Early Christian spiritualties of sin and forgiveness according to 1 John

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk G. van der Merwe

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article attempts to investigate the possible lived experiences created by this text. The text revolves around the experience of fellowship with God (1:6, 7 who is characterised as ‘light’. For the author of 1 John, sin disrupts this fellowship. He creates an awareness and a ‘spirituality of sin and guilt’ in the lives of his readers through the use of the experiential metaphor of darkness in a dialectic combination with light and the two false negations ‘do not have sin’ (sin as a noun and ‘do not sin’ (sin as a verb. This fellowship is re-established through living in the light: the confession, forgiveness and expiation of sin. The author creates a spirituality of confession, forgiveness and expiation of sin through descriptive cultic (blood of Jesus and expiation, forensic (paraclete, atypical (cleans, expiation, paraclete and all-inclusive (all [twice], whole, anyone language. Thus, in his rhetoric, the author uses metaphor, dialectic, sacrificial, forensic, atypical and all-inclusive language to facilitate a variety of ‘lived experiences’ within his readers. Firstly, he wants them to feel guilty about their sins and consequently, after they have confessed their sins, to strengthen their faith. Secondly, he wants to encourage them to believe that they can experience the forgiveness of their sins and, by doing so, know that they have eternal life (5:13 and can experience fellowship with God and, mutually, with one another.

  8. Assessing the consistency of John Calvin’s doctrine on human sinfulness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico Vorster

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The accusation is often levelled at Calvin that his doctrine on sin is inconsistent, contradictory, deterministic and culpable of making God the Author of sin. This article probes the validity of these accusations by analysing the consistency of John Calvin’s doctrine on human sinfulness and by asking whether Calvin’s understanding of sinful human nature is theologically valid. In doing so, the investigation keeps in mind the structural make-up of his theology, the rhetorical intent of his utterances and the devices he employs to harmonise possible inconsistencies in his theology. The finding is that characterisations of Calvin’s doctrine on sin as deterministic, logically inconsistent and culpable of making God the Author of sin are not well-founded. Factors often overlooked are the dialectical nature of his theological reflection on sin, the chronological evolution of his thought on sin and the fact that he does not regard God and human beings as operating on the same ontological level, though this does not mean that God is not active in creaturely reality. When these factors are taken into account, Calvin’s doctrine on sin proves to be fairly consistent and reconcilable with the rest of his theology.

  9. Development of flameless combustion; Desarrollo de la combustion sin flama

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores Sauceda, M. Leonardo; Cervantes de Gortari, Jaime Gonzalo [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)]. E-mail: 8344afc@prodigy.net.mx; jgonzalo@servidor.unam.mx

    2010-11-15

    The paper intends contribute to global warming mitigation joint effort that develops technologies to capture the CO{sub 2} produced by fossil fuels combustion and to reduce emission of other greenhouse gases like the NO{sub x}. After reviewing existing combustion bibliography is pointed out that (a) touches only partial aspects of the collective system composed by Combustion-Heat transfer process-Environment, whose interactions are our primary interest and (b) most specialists think there is not yet a clearly winning technology for CO{sub 2} capture and storage. In this paper the study of combustion is focused as integrated in the aforementioned collective system where application of flameless combustion, using oxidant preheated in heat regenerators and fluent gas recirculation into combustion chamber plus appropriated heat and mass balances, simultaneously results in energy saving and environmental impact reduction. [Spanish] El trabajo pretende contribuir al esfuerzo conjunto de mitigacion del calentamiento global que aporta tecnologias para capturar el CO{sub 2} producido por la combustion de combustibles fosiles y para disminuir la emision de otros gases invernadero como NOx. De revision bibliografica sobre combustion se concluye que (a) trata aspectos parciales del sistema compuesto por combustion-proceso de trasferencia de calor-ambiente, cuyas interacciones son nuestro principal interes (b) la mayoria de especialistas considera no hay todavia una tecnologia claramente superior a las demas para captura y almacenaje de CO{sub 2}. Se estudia la combustion como parte integrante del mencionado sistema conjunto, donde la aplicacion de combustion sin flama, empleando oxidante precalentado mediante regeneradores de calor y recirculacion de gases efluentes ademas de los balances de masa y energia adecuados, permite tener simultaneamente ahorros energeticos e impacto ambiental reducido.

  10. Las transformaciones de la actividad agrícola en Uruguay: “el entorno institucional” y sus consecuentes implicancias sobre el funcionamiento del mercado. Una mirada desde la nueva economía institucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Felperín

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de globalización e internacionalización de la economía han operado profundos cambios en los mercados en general y en el sector agroindustrial en particular; han impuesto nuevas normas de producción y comercialización que incluyen en su cadena de valor a una multiplicidad de sujetos (productores, proveedores, distribuidores que intervienen y se interrelacionan a lo largo del proceso. En este sentido, ha quedado superada la visión fragmentada y horizontal de la producción agraria que la concebía como una actividad sencilla que nacía y finalizaba en el establecimiento rural, instaurando una clara división entre la agricultura, el almacenamiento, la industria y la comercialización. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar, desde una perspectiva teórica, el rol de las instituciones en el marco de las transformaciones de la actividad agrícola de Uruguay, sus consecuentes implicancias sobre el funcionamiento del mercado y los costos de transacción que emergen de ello.

  11. Cambios en la arquitectura de la prosa española y romance: sintaxis y cohesión discursiva por correferencia nominal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Barra Jover

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the evolution of both Spanish and Romance prose as a modular process where the innovations are superimposed. One such innovation concerns the «nominalization» of prose, to wit, the rise of sequences in which the chaining of comment-driven sentences is replaced by the chaining of topic-driven sentences. The main example of nominalization and one which has a founding role is el cual. In order to understand both its introduction and its extension in romance languages, I distinguish two different structures for this item: the adjective sentence and the topical sentence, and I suggest that the latter structure rather than the former is the source of the innovation. Other items like el dicho, semejante and tal incorporate the same process.

  12. AS RESSONÂNCIAS DA LITERATURA POPULAR DO NORDESTE NO ROMANCE DA PEDRA DO REINO E O PRÍNCIPE DO SANGUE DO VAI-E-VOLTA

    OpenAIRE

    Geice Peres Nunes

    2010-01-01

    A presente dissertação de mestrado intitulada As ressonâncias da literatura popular do nordeste no Romance dA Pedra do Reino e o príncipe do sangue do vai-e-volta foi elaborada por Geice Peres Nunes sob a orientação do Prof. Dr. Lawrence Flores Pereira, da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Nesse estudo, debruçamo-nos na influência da Literatura popular do nordeste e da poesia oral no Romance dA Pedra do Reino e o Príncipe do sangue do vai-e-volta, de Ariano Suassuna. Para tanto, lançamos m...

  13. “Em meio à recamada via”: Matilde, do romance Leite derramado, e Matelda, d’A divina comédia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexsandra Loiola Sarmento

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma visão bakhtiniana do texto como jogo dialógico e polifônico, este trabalho procura estabelecer uma comparação entre as personagens Matilde, do romance Leite derramado, de Chico Buarque, e Matelda, d’A divina comédia, de Dante Alighieri. Ao traçar os vínculos existentes entre tais criações, a leitura destaca a presença da tradição clássica no romance e o processo de carnavalização da linguagem responsável por misturar o sagrado e o profano, a religiosidade e o erotismo, a beatitude e a sensualidade: aspectos que dão à Matilde buarquiana uma instigante expressão figurativa.

  14. Paranormální romance: pokus o vymezení subžánru v kontextu young adult literature

    OpenAIRE

    Ditrychová, Martina

    2016-01-01

    This diploma thesis thematically follows up one of subgenres of young adult popular literature - paranormal romance. Its main aim is to create a comprehensive definition of this subgenre on the basis of interpretation of representative sagas - Twilight by Stephenie Meyer (Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse, Breaking Dawn), Hush, Hush by Becca Fitzpatrick (Hush, Hush, Crescendo, Silence, Finale), Nightshade by Andrea R. Cremer (Nightshade, Wolfsbane, Bloodrose, Snakeroot), Wings by Aprilynne Pike (Wi...

  15. preescolares desnutridos con madres con obesidad y sin obesidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viridiana Vanessa Conzuelo-González

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El primer objetivo fue conocer cuántos menores de cinco años con diferentes grados de desnutrición tienen una madre con sobrepeso/obesidad/ en una comunidad indígena que vive en extrema pobreza y bajo condiciones de migración masculina internacional. El segundo fue comparar tres variables socionutricionales (ingreso familiar, educación de la madre y adecuación nutrimental de la dieta diaria entre estos hogares y los hogares con desnutrición infantil y madres sin obesidad. Se realizó un estudio transversal (2006-2007, en la comunidad mazahua de San Francisco Tepeolulco, Municipio de Temascalcingo; que incluyó a 85 hogares integrados por preescolares con desnutrición inscritos al programa Oportunidades. Se determinó el estado nutrición de los preescolares con indicadores antropométricos y se obtuvo el IMC de las madres de estos infantes. Se aplicó una encuesta socionutricional, incluida el recordatorio de 24 horas, y complementado con la observación participante (cualitativa. Se encontró que 83% de las madres mazahuas presentaron sobrepeso u obesidad. El estado de nutrición de los preescolares con madres con obesidad presentó un porcentaje mayor de desnutrición (76%. En la variable género, se encontró que 54% de los niños con madres con obesidad tenía baja talla. Al relacionar el nivel educativo de la madre, esta variable resultó ser estadísticamente significativa (p=0.015, donde el analfabetismo está más relacionado con la desnutrición infantil que tienen madres de bajo y/o peso normal. La elevada prevalencia de hogares conformados con preescolares con desnutrición y madres con obesidad, es un síntoma más de la pobreza en zonas indígenas en México, con bajo índice de desarrollo humano.

  16. Measurement of sin2θw and ϱ in deep inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reutens, P. G.; Merritt, F. S.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Messner, R. L.; Novikoff, D. B.; Purohit, M. V.; Blair, R. E.; Sciulli, F. J.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Fisk, H. E.; Fukushima, Y.; Jin, B. N.; Kondo, T.; Rapidis, P. A.; Yovanovitch, D. D.; Bodek, A.; Coleman, R. N.; Marsh, W. L.; Fackler, O. D.; Jenkins, K. A.

    1985-03-01

    We describe a high statistics measurement from deep inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering of the electroweak parameters ϱ and sin2θw, performed in the Fermilab narrow-band neutrino beam. Our measurement uses a radius-dependent cut in y = EH/Ev which reduces the systematic error in sin2θw, and incorporates electromagnetic and electroweak radiative corrections. In a renormalization scheme where sin2θw ≡ 1-m2W/m2Z, a value of sin2θw = 0.242+/-0.011+/-0.005 is obtained fixing ϱ = 1. If both sin2θw and ϱ are allowed to vary in a fit to our data, we measure ϱ = 0.991 +/- 0.025 +/- 0.009. Present address: IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, PO Box 218, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA.

  17. The seven sins of memory. Insights from psychology and cognitive neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schacter, D L

    1999-03-01

    Though often reliable, human memory is also fallible. This article examines how and why memory can get us into trouble. It is suggested that memory's misdeeds can be classified into 7 basic "sins": transience, absentmindedness, blocking, misattribution, suggestibility, bias, and persistence. The first three sins involve different types of forgetting, the next three refer to different types of distortions, and the final sin concerns intrusive recollections that are difficult to forget. Evidence is reviewed concerning each of the 7 sins from relevant sectors of psychology (cognitive, social, and clinical) and from cognitive neuroscience studies that include patients with focal brain damage or make use of recently developed neuroimaging techniques. Although the 7 sins may appear to reflect flaws in system design, it is argued instead that they are by-products of otherwise adaptive features of memory.

  18. Expresión del factor de transcripción SOX11: Su implicancia en el linfoma de células del manto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Roisman

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available El gen SOX11, perteneciente a la familia de genes SOXC, es un factor de transcripción involucrado en la neurogénesis embrionaria y el remodelado tisular, participando asimismo en el control de la proliferación celular. Su rol en la linfomagénesis es desconocido. Estudios recientes han mostrado expresión proteica nuclear aberrante y sobreexpresión de los niveles de transcripto de SOX11 en pacientes con linfoma de células del manto (LCM. Si bien la mayoría de estos linfomas presentan un curso clínico agresivo, existe un subgrupo de pacientes con enfermedad indolente, sugiriendo una mayor heterogeneidad de esta patología. Actualmente, existen contradicciones respecto de la asociación entre la expresión del gen SOX11 y la evolución clínica del LCM; mientras algunos autores relacionan la ausencia de expresión de SOX11 con buen pronóstico, otros lo encuentran asociado a un curso clínico adverso. Esta diferencia en la expresión estaría relacionada a mecanismos epigenéticos, metilación del ADN y modificaciones a nivel de histonas, que permitirían la expresión aberrante de este gen en algunas neoplasias linfoides, incluyendo LCM. La profundización del conocimiento del gen SOX11 en LCM hará factible, sin duda, lograr una mayor comprensión de los mecanismos involucrados en la patogénesis y/o progresión de este linfoma, así como del rol de SOX11 en estos procesos.

  19. A alusão a romances nas letras portuguesas dos séculos XV-XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araújo, Teresa

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The nineteenth-century concern with establishing the idea of literature led to the (rediscovery of specific verse lines from peninsular ballads in various works of Portuguese authors contemporary with Garcia de Resende, Luís de Camões and Francisco Manuel de Melo (including themselves. With the Romantic perspective and that of the philology of the era now behind us, and having revised the main theories on Intertextuality formulated in the late 20th century, this essay focuses on these interpolations in the Portuguese Literature context. They are interpreted here as allusive devices with musical, poetic and semantic effects as diverse and precise as they are essential from the standpoint of view of the creative poetic paradigm in which they flourished. Through the combinatorial identification between the referred ballads and the interpretation of the meaning and function of the incorporations we are given textual meanings that are not immediately perceived by a first reading.Las preocupaciones de Ochocientos con respecto al establecimiento de la idea de literatura llevaron al (redescubrimiento de versos de romances peninsulares en varias obras de autores portugueses contemporáneos de Garcia de Resende, Luís de Camões y D. Francisco Manuel de Melo (incluyendo ellos mismos. Superadas la perspectiva romanticista y la de la filología de la época, así como revisadas las teorías de la intertextualidad de finales del siglo XX, el estudio incide sobre estas interpolaciones en las letras portuguesas. Las interpreta como dispositivos de alusión con efectos musicales, poéticos y semánticos tan diversos cuanto precisos e imprescindibles desde el punto de vista de la economía creativa de las obras que las presentan. A través de la combinatoria identificación de los romances aludidos / interpretación del sentido y función de las incrustaciones deslinda significados textuales que no son perceptibles mediante una lectura meramente lineal.

  20. A Representação do Amor nos Quadros das Paixões: da Crítica Teatral ao Árduo Consentimento do Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano da Silva Façanha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO:Na Carta a d’Alembert, Rousseau se coloca contra a ideia de um teatro enquanto instrumento de educação moral, porém, o posicionamento do filósofo não está em colocar essa atividade lúdica de ordem moral na categoria de atividade imoral, mas na de atividade artificial, e, talvez, isso gerasse efeitos imorais. Todavia, é preciso observar os verdadeiros efeitos do teatro, a partir de alguns argumentos que Rousseau resolve construir e analisá-los, contudo, apenas se trouxesse à tona a crítica de Rousseau ao romance, na Carta a d’Alembert, que tem como contexto “a ideia negativa de privatização da cena”, pois o teatro destina uma excessiva importância à descrição do amor, obviamente, exagerando na representação, naquilo que é romanesco. Porém, se, na Carta a d’Alembert, o filósofo não expressa de forma direta que a teorização sobre o teatro também equivale ao romance, na Nova Heloísa, ou seja, no próprio romance, o autor faz essa ratificação, ao importar um longo comentário sobre o teatro que estava na Carta, afirmando que considera o mesmo da própria cena quanto à maioria dos novos escritos. O cidadão genebrino ataca os romances indiretamente e viceversa, porque é observado que tudo aquilo que diz sobre uma arte se aplica quase que integralmente a outra arte. E, como um povo galante deseja amor e polidez, Rousseau resolve fixar alguns termos, na tentativa de explicar suas críticas e argumentar a coerência de seu posicionamento, já que, se, em geral, a cena é um quadro das paixões humanas, cujo original está nos corações, se o pintor, porém, não tiver cuidado de acariciar suas paixões, os espectadores logo ficarão desgostosos e não desejarão mais se ver sob um aspecto que fizesse com que desprezassem a si mesmos. E pontua que essa linguagem não tem mais sentido, em seu século, pois é preciso falar as paixões, esforçando-nos para usar uma que melhor se compreenda, talvez o romance.

  1. Implicancias jurídicas de las aplicaciones de la tecnología espacial para el cambio climático mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo González Animat

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El cambio climático es una problemática que ha cobrado un especial interés en la agenda internacional reciente, debido a su creciente impacto sobre los bienes públicos globales. A lo largo de la historia, la comunidad internacional ha diseñado una serie de instrumentos jurídicos que buscan dar un paso hacia el uso sostenible de los recursos naturales que rodean a la humanidad. Sin embargo, los instrumentos jurídicos creados a través de múltiples convenciones y resoluciones que han adoptado organizaciones internacionales como las Naciones Unidas, son esfuerzos que se han quedado inconclusos a la hora de mitigar el impacto del cambio climático en nuestra sociedad. La inquietud sobre el futuro de las próximas generaciones y el daño ambiental al que hemos sometido al mundo llevan a plantear la necesidad de generar un cambio en el diseño de las políticas públicas existentes. De esta manera, la utilización de herramientas tecnológicas y científicas se ha convertido en el principal medio al cual la comunidad internacional podría apostarle para redefinir la dinámica de cambio climático. Si bien el derecho internacional del medioambiente ha dado un paso significativo respecto a la inclusión de normas que buscan reducir el daño y el impacto que está causando el cambio climático, aún faltan esfuerzos por parte de la comunidad internacional para que dicho derecho y la legislación existente sobre el Espacio se unifiquen en un solo cuerpo legislativo que logre armonizar y coordinar los esfuerzos que se están realizando en cuanto a la reducción de ciertas prácticas que están acelerando día a día el cambio climático.

  2. The Bantu-Romance-Greek connection revisited: Processing constraints in auxiliary and clitic placement from a cross-linguistic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stergios Chatzikyriakidis

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores a connection between Romance and Greek on the one hand, and Bantu on the other. More specifically, we look at auxiliary placement in Rangi and clitic placement in Tobler Mussafia languages, with a special emphasis on Cypriot Greek, and argue that a common explanation for their distribution can be found once a move into a dynamic framework is made. Rangi exhibits an unusual word order alternation in auxiliary constructions under which the position of the auxiliary appears to be sensitive to an element appearing at the left periphery of the clause. A similar sensitivity to a left-peripheral element can be seen to regulate clitic placement in Cypriot Greek (and generally in the so-called Tobler Mussafia clitic languages. The paper presents a parsing-oriented account of these two phenomena in the Dynamic Syntax framework, arguing that the similarities in syntactic distribution are the result of the encoding in the lexicon of processing strategies that were potentially pragmatic preferences in earlier stages of the respective languages. The account thus leans on the role played by the lexical entries for auxiliary and clitic forms, as well as the assumption that underspecification is inherent in the process of establishing meaning in context. The account is further supplemented by possible pathways of diachronic change that could have given rise to the systems found in present day varieties.

  3. Livros do Brasil e a edição de romances brasileiros em Portugal nos anos 1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Mio Salla

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Enquanto esforço de historiografia literária e editorial, o presente artigo tem como objetivo lançar luz sobre as edições portuguesas de romances brasileiros realizadas pela editora Livros do Brasil, casa fundada em Lisboa, em 1944, por António de Sousa Pinto. A partir da recuperação de fontes primárias (com destaque para cartas e contratos, examinam-se, sobretudo, as negociações travadas entre Sousa Pinto e José Olympio no que diz respeito à edição, em Portugal, de títulos de dois importantes autores de nossa chamada geração de 1930: José Lins do Rego e Rachel de Queiroz. Mais especificamente, recupera-se o embate travado entre a atitude interventiva do editor luso, que defendia a necessidade de se ajustar o texto das obras de ambos os escritores à variante europeia do idioma, de modo a aproximá-las do leitorado português, e a recusa inicial dos romancistas, que exigiam o respeito estrito aos “brasileirismos” por eles empregados.

  4. Are ethnic minorities synonymous for genetic isolates? Comparing Walser and Romance populations in the Upper Lys Valley (Western Alps).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boattini, Alessio; Griso, Clio; Pettener, Davide

    2011-01-01

    Cultural differences between neighbouring populations are often said to give rise to reproductive barriers. For ethnic minorities, these barriers can easily result in genetic isolation. In this study, we analyse the surname structure of the Walser of the upper Lys Valley, a German-speaking ethnic minority in the Italian Western Alps, to better understand the relationships between linguistic and genetic isolation. Analyses were based on 1713 marriages registered from 1838 to 1938 in four villages of the valley: three Walser communities (Issime, Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Gressoney-La-Trinité) and the Romance community of Gaby. The results show that endogamy and inbreeding are lower than in other Italian linguistic minorities, with the exception of Gaby, whose values rank among the highest ever found in Italy. Compared to the Walser communities' Gaby behaves as an outgroup and has an almost exclusively autochthonous surname set. The latter aspect is also true, but to a lesser extent, for the Walser villages, in particular for Issime on the one hand and Gressoney-Saint-Jean and Gressoney-La-Trinité on the other. These findings strongly suggest that the Walser communities' ethnic minority status is not associated with genetic isolation, whereas genetic isolation was found in the linguistically non-isolated Gaby. Finally, our results are consistent with two independent late medieval migration events at the origin of these Walser settlements.

  5. Romance and Freedom: Nelson and Winnie Mandela’s Politics of Gender in Three Post-Apartheid Novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Mari

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to retrace the influence of the politics of gender enacted by Nelson and Winnie Mandela on post-apartheid gender relationships, as represented in three novels: Phaswane Mpe’s Welcome to Our Hillbrow (2001, Njabulo Ndebele’s The Cry of Winnie Mandela (2003 and Lewis Nkosi’s Mandela’s Ego (2006. Recently, Nelson and Winnie Mandela’s marriage has been also described as the “unusual founding-family romance” (Munro 2014 of the post-apartheid nation. Their marriage lasted from 1958 to 1992, including, thus, the last decades of the anti-apartheid struggle, as well as the demise of the apartheid regime. Their separation, which was due in the first place to Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment and, later, to their divorce, eventually marked the disruption of this founding-family romance, making it “unusual”. As a consequence, the deconstructive take on Nelson Mandela’s fatherhood and masculinity and Winnie Mandela’s femininity and motherhood which is enacted in the three novels also allows to reassess the possibility of that “founding-family romance”, envisioning an alternative understanding of the origins of the post-apartheid South African nation.

  6. Construcción de conocimiento Rizomático en las ciencias de la gestión: Implicancias para la comprensión de organizaciones de alta confiabilidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Hernán Cantero

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available De la arborescencia del mainstream positivista a la actual diversidad paradigmática, las ciencias de la gestión se nutren de múltiples fuentes epistemológicas. El presente trabajo pone en evidencia el carácter rizomático de los estudios organizacionales y sus implicancias para comprender las Organizaciones de Alta Confiabilidad (HROs. En primer lugar se analizan las fuentes epistemológicas de la disciplina para dar cuenta del pasaje del mainstream positivista hacia la diversidad paradigmática. En la actualidad, la teoría de la organización es un campo disciplinar rizomático, tanto por sus enfoques epistemológicos, la multiplicidad de temas de estudio, la profusión de fuentes disciplinarias como por la diversidad de estrategias metodológicas. Naturaleza epistemológica rizomática que convive con ciertos nudos arborescentes. En segundo lugar, el foco de estudio se traslada hacia las HROs, fenómeno organizacional inherente a las sociedades del riesgo que constituye un desafío epistemológico para las teorías del organizar, tanto para comprender la naturaleza de las HROs como para explicar su performance. Finalmente, se plantea una serie de desafíos epistemológicos a los que se suman las especificidades del universo organizacional argentino, caracterizado por la profusión de organizaciones riesgosas, la recurrencia de accidentes y la incipiente presencia de equipos de investigación que desarrollan el campo disciplinar.

  7. Hemoglobina materna en la salud perinatal y materna en la altura: implicancias en la región andina Mother’s hemoglobin in perinatal and mother health in the highlands: implications in the andean region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo F. Gonzales

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisión analiza la importancia del valor de la hemoglobina en la gestante, y su implicancia sobre el embarazo. Discute el uso de combustible de biomasa y la repercusión en el peso del recién nacido, los valores de hemoglobina materna y el riesgo de muerte fetal tardía, parto pretérmino y nacer pequeño para la edad gestacional. Asimismo, se aborda la necesidad de corregir el punto de corte de los valores de hemoglobina para definir anemia en la altura. La evidencia actual sugiere no corregirla, así también, la suplementación de hierro a las gestantes debería ser dirigida a los casos de anemia moderada o severa. Se discute si se debería reorientar la suplementación de hierro a niños de 6 a menos de 36 meses de edad.This review analyzes the importance of hemoglobin levels in pregnant women and its implications in pregnancy. It discuss the use of biomass fuel for cooking and the impact on birthweight, maternal hemoglobin levels and the risk of late fetal death, pre-term delivery, and small for gestational age. Furthermore, the need to correct the cut-off points of hemoglobin level to define anemia at high altitudes is addressed. Current evidence suggests that corrections should not be made and iron supplements should be given to pregnant mothers with moderate or severe anemia. It is discussed whether iron supplementation should change its target population from pregnant women to infants aged 6 to 36 months.

  8. A Precision Measurement of sin$^{2}\\theta$$_{w}$ from Semileptonic Neutrino Scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Wotschack, Jorg

    1987-01-01

    There is considerable interest in measuring the electroweak mixing parameter sin$^{2}\\Theta$$_{w}$, of the Glashow-Salam-Weinberg theory $^{1}$ as precisely as possible: first, its value may be predicted by models of Grand Unification;$^{2}$ second, precise measurements of sin$^{2}\\Theta$$_{w}$ from different processes would test the validity of electroweak radiative corrections. $^{3,$}$. Different methods have been used to determine sin$^{2}\\Theta$$_{w}$, over a large range of $Q^{2}$ values. FIGURE 1 gives a compilation of sin$^{2}\\Theta$$_{w}$ with remarkable agreement between the results. At present, it is most precisely determined in semileptonic neutrino-nucleon scattering from the ratio of neutral current (NC) to charged current (CC) cross and in proton-antiproton collisions from the W boson mass. $^{10,11}$.

  9. Integrated Positioning for Coal Mining Machinery in Enclosed Underground Mine Based on SINS/WSN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Jing; Wu, Lei; Yan, Wenxu; Zhou, Lijuan

    2014-01-01

    To realize dynamic positioning of the shearer, a new method based on SINS/WSN is studied in this paper. Firstly, the shearer movement model is built and running regularity of the shearer in coal mining face has been mastered. Secondly, as external calibration of SINS using GPS is infeasible in enclosed underground mine, WSN positioning strategy is proposed to eliminate accumulative error produced by SINS; then the corresponding coupling model is established. Finally, positioning performance is analyzed by simulation and experiment. Results show that attitude angle and position of the shearer can be real-timely tracked by integrated positioning strategy based on SINS/WSN, and positioning precision meet the demand of actual working condition. PMID:24574891

  10. Online calibration technique for LDV in SINS/LDV integrated navigation systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qi; Gao, Chunfeng; Wei, Guo; Long, Xingwu

    2017-05-01

    There are the scale factor error of LDV (laser Doppler velocimeter) and the misalignment between the SINS (Strapdown inertial navigation system) and the vehicle in a SINS/LDV integrated navigation system. In this paper, the effects of these errors on the attitude, velocity and position of dead reckoning are derived, and a new online calibration method aiming to calibrate the scale factor of LDV and the misalignment between the SINS and the vehicle for the integrated system is put forward. This method, which is utilize the velocity and position of the Global Position System (GPS) as references, use the velocity error and position error of dead reckoning to estimate these errors. Through simulation and experiment, the validity and feasibility of the method are verified. The results show that the scale factor and the misalignment can be calibrated with satisfying accuracy, and the related research can provide technical support for high precision navigation of SINS/LDV integrated navigation systems.

  11. Integrated positioning for coal mining machinery in enclosed underground mine based on SINS/WSN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Qigao; Li, Wei; Hui, Jing; Wu, Lei; Yu, Zhenzhong; Yan, Wenxu; Zhou, Lijuan

    2014-01-01

    To realize dynamic positioning of the shearer, a new method based on SINS/WSN is studied in this paper. Firstly, the shearer movement model is built and running regularity of the shearer in coal mining face has been mastered. Secondly, as external calibration of SINS using GPS is infeasible in enclosed underground mine, WSN positioning strategy is proposed to eliminate accumulative error produced by SINS; then the corresponding coupling model is established. Finally, positioning performance is analyzed by simulation and experiment. Results show that attitude angle and position of the shearer can be real-timely tracked by integrated positioning strategy based on SINS/WSN, and positioning precision meet the demand of actual working condition.

  12. Den danske magtelite bør dæmpe sin begejstring over Macron

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellersgaard, Christoph

    2017-01-01

    Eliten. Den franske præsident, der caster sig selv som en politisk fornyer, er præget af elitære institutioner og netværk gennem hele sin karriere.......Eliten. Den franske præsident, der caster sig selv som en politisk fornyer, er præget af elitære institutioner og netværk gennem hele sin karriere....

  13. Sin(x)**2 + cos(x)**2 = 1. [programming identities using comparative combinatorial substitutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoutemyer, D. R.

    1977-01-01

    Attempts to achieve tasteful automatic employment of the identities sin sq x + cos sq x = 1 and cos sq h x -sin sq h x = 1 in a manner which truly minimizes the complexity of the resulting expression are described. The disappointments of trigonometric reduction, trigonometric expansion, pattern matching, Poisson series, and Demoivre's theorem are related. The advantages of using the method of comparative combinatorial substitutions are illustrated.

  14. O esquecimento do ser no romance: a análise kunderiana dos diferentes aspectos da existência através de egos experimentais e hipóteses ontológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heraldo Aparecido Silva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar alguns aspectos da relação entre o romance e a filosofia a partir das ideias do romancista tcheco Milan Kundera. Primeiro, mostra que o advento dos tempos modernos pode ser atribuído não somente a Descartes, mas também a Cervantes, quando o romance recupera temas e funções esquecidos ou negligenciados pela filosofia. Finalmente, a noção de sabedoria do romance é evidenciada para se contrapor à obsessiva busca filosófica pela verdade absoluta e também para enfatizar que as transformações e possibilidades humanas mais relevantes são ocasionadas principalmente pela sensibilidade e imaginação literárias do que pela argumentação filosófica.

  15. AUV Positioning Method Based on Tightly Coupled SINS/LBL for Underwater Acoustic Multipath Propagation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Zhang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper researches an AUV (Autonomous Underwater Vehicle positioning method based on SINS (Strapdown Inertial Navigation System/LBL (Long Base Line tightly coupled algorithm. This algorithm mainly includes SINS-assisted searching method of optimum slant-range of underwater acoustic propagation multipath, SINS/LBL tightly coupled model and multi-sensor information fusion algorithm. Fuzzy correlation peak problem of underwater LBL acoustic propagation multipath could be solved based on SINS positional information, thus improving LBL positional accuracy. Moreover, introduction of SINS-centered LBL locating information could compensate accumulative AUV position error effectively and regularly. Compared to loosely coupled algorithm, this tightly coupled algorithm can still provide accurate location information when there are fewer than four available hydrophones (or within the signal receiving range. Therefore, effective positional calibration area of tightly coupled system based on LBL array is wider and has higher reliability and fault tolerance than loosely coupled. It is more applicable to AUV positioning based on SINS/LBL.

  16. A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Death and Sin in the Works of St. Augustine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasem kakaie

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Death has been an everlasting human question. It has been regarded as one of the existential and human epistemic concerns both in religions and various philosophical and theological schools. The question of death in the works of Saint Augustine has been largely dismissed by scholars. Scrutinizing his oeuvre indicates that compared to his predecessors and based on his approach to Christianity, specifically to St. Paul’s doctrines, Augustine is more attentive to the relation between death and sin. In his works, he justifies death based on the original sin as well as those everyday sins that committed by human being throughout her life, identifying sin as the cause of death. Accordingly, he prefers moral causes rather than natural causes resulting in death. Augustine contends that there are three types of death, i.e. corporeal death (the separation of soul and body, spiritual death (separation of human being and God due to sin, and the eternal death (in which soul remains in body, bearing the burden of eternal corporeal punishment away from God. He believes that God created a human being in a way according to which she would have benefited from eternal life if she had not sinned. However, now not only corporeal death but also the eternal death of soul are the consequences of sins. He opines that all human race, Except Jesus and his mother are the heirs of the original sin committed by Adam and Eve. In this way, every human being is born sinful, contaminated by the original. According to this viewpoint, the human race cannot be perceived as naturally innocent or away from intellectual mistake and deviation. Rather, human being and her thoughts and deeds can be understood only based on the doctrine of fall. In addition, the Adam’s original sin in not merely an event but it is a complicated circumstance imposed by God as a punishment of Adam and Eve due to their disobedience which is followed by different types of death as well as such

  17. Pasture names with Romance and Slavic roots facilitate dissection of Y chromosome variation in an exclusively German-speaking alpine region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederstätter, Harald; Rampl, Gerhard; Erhart, Daniel; Pitterl, Florian; Oberacher, Herbert; Neuhuber, Franz; Hausner, Isolde; Gassner, Christoph; Schennach, Harald; Berger, Burkhard; Parson, Walther

    2012-01-01

    The small alpine district of East Tyrol (Austria) has an exceptional demographic history. It was contemporaneously inhabited by members of the Romance, the Slavic and the Germanic language groups for centuries. Since the Late Middle Ages, however, the population of the principally agrarian-oriented area is solely Germanic speaking. Historic facts about East Tyrol's colonization are rare, but spatial density-distribution analysis based on the etymology of place-names has facilitated accurate spatial mapping of the various language groups' former settlement regions. To test for present-day Y chromosome population substructure, molecular genetic data were compared to the information attained by the linguistic analysis of pasture names. The linguistic data were used for subdividing East Tyrol into two regions of former Romance (A) and Slavic (B) settlement. Samples from 270 East Tyrolean men were genotyped for 17 Y-chromosomal microsatellites (Y-STRs) and 27 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs). Analysis of the probands' surnames revealed no evidence for spatial genetic structuring. Also, spatial autocorrelation analysis did not indicate significant correlation between genetic (Y-STR haplotypes) and geographic distance. Haplogroup R-M17 chromosomes, however, were absent in region A, but constituted one of the most frequent haplogroups in region B. The R-M343 (R1b) clade showed a marked and complementary frequency distribution pattern in these two regions. To further test East Tyrol's modern Y-chromosomal landscape for geographic patterning attributable to the early history of settlement in this alpine area, principal coordinates analysis was performed. The Y-STR haplotypes from region A clearly clustered with those of Romance reference populations and the samples from region B matched best with Germanic speaking reference populations. The combined use of onomastic and molecular genetic data revealed and mapped the marked structuring of the distribution of Y

  18. Os romances sentimentais na cultura tecnológica: um estudo de como viver junto o lazer e o amor no século XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Silva

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem como objetivo verificar as similaridades e as diferenças de tratamento da temática amorosa a fim de constatar as mudanças nas representações e significados do amor para as mulheres. Para tanto, compara-se o contexto sociocultural da década de 1980 com o do início do século XXI. Com esse intuito, o corpus da pesquisa são os romances sentimentais da editora Nova Cultural e da Harlequin Books, distribuídos atualmente no Brasil tanto pela mídia impressa como pela internet. A análise possibilita verificar as estratégias de abordagem da temática desde o surgimento dos primeiros romances desta espécie no Brasil, em 1978, até o “encontro digital” das apreciadoras desse tipo de literatura na web, bem como suas implicações na cultura contemporânea que busca o desejo de “viver junto” o amor. Palavras-chave: Amor; cultura contemporânea; romances sentimentais; web. ABSTRACT This text aims to verify the similarities and differences in the use of loverelated themes in order to observe the changes in representations and meanings of love to women. To do so the 1980’s sociocultural context is compared to its correspondent in the early 21st century. With this goal, the research’s core are the sentimental romance books from Nova Cultural publishing house and Harlequin Books, available in Brazil both in print and through the Internet. The analysis enables the verification of the theme approach strategies since their first publication in Brazil, in 1978, up to the “digital gathering” of fans of such literature on the web, as well as their implications in today´s culture which endeavors to “live love together”. Keywords: Love; contemporary culture; sentimental novels; web.

  19. Fragment of a Romance Bible MS Re-used as the Binding of a Document Bundle from the Santa María de La Sisla Monastery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Avenoza

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available For centuries, the parchment bifolia of manuscripts that for one reason or another had ceased to be useful, were re-used as binding material. In Madrid’s Archivo Histórico Nacional, I have discovered one of these membra disiecta from a Romance Bible copied in the 15th century. It consists of a fragment from the translation from Hebrew to Castilian transmitted by Esc. I-I-3. In this paper I present a codicological analysis of this new testimony and I put forward a hypothesis about its origin. A paleographic transcription of the text completes the study.

  20. A partilha do eu como pragmática da enunciação e performance narrativa contemporânea no romance Flores Artificiais

    OpenAIRE

    Valéria Gomes Ignácio; Maria Rosa Duarte de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa a estratégia narrativa que engendra o romance Flores artificiais, de Luiz Ruffato, referenciada no desenraizamento e no despertencimento que caracterizam o sujeito na contemporaneidade. O constante e irreversível deslocamento geográfico que articula as inúmeras vozes e pontos de vista presentes nas micronarrativas que compõem a obra mobiliza um narrador também em trânsito, responsável por organizar um imbricado jogo entre as personas do eu/tu e do ele/eles para construir...

  1. Reading sources in English to write a literature review in a romance language: a genre-based eap course in a masters program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliana Martínez

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article describes a genre-based, field-specific EAP course offered in a Latin American university to Master’s candidates of veterinary science who are in the process of writing literature reviews for their dissertations. As their dissertations are expected to be novel contributions, the writers need to have access to scientific information in English, although the final product will be produced in their native Romance language, Spanish. To meet this need, we capitalized on the advantages of the context, particularly the common L1 background and the field homogeneity of the course group, thus allowing for specific instruction.

  2. O poder de denúncia do cordel no cinema: O romance do vaqueiro voador, de João Bosco Bezerra Bonfim e Manfredo Caldas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Debs

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The movie O romance do vaqueiro voador, by Manfredo Caldas, is built departing from the homonymous cordel by João Bosco Bezerra Bonfim – which, on its turn, was inspired by the documentary Brasília segundo Feldman, by Vladimir Carvalho – aiming to tell, denounce and remember the tragedy the building of the city was. This article aims to discuss some questions: why choose as a character a pot cowboy to wander in the places of the tragedy? Why use a cordel to give origin to another movie?

  3. SANGUE E HAMBÚRGUERES – O NOVO REALISMO E O ROMANCE POLICIAL NA OBRA DE GADOS E HOMENS DE ANA PAULA MAIA.

    OpenAIRE

    Vicelli, Karina Kristiane; UFMS

    2015-01-01

    Na literatura contemporânea brasileira eclodem inúmeras narrativas marginais, dentre elas, destaca-se a obra da escritora carioca Ana Paula Maia. Embora sejam páginas escritas por mãos femininas, o que se apresenta é um universo essencialmente masculino e brutal, apresentando como base da elaboração o percurso realista naturalista. Schollhammer apontou para a problemática dos escritores denominados novos “novos realistas”, viés perceptível nos romances de Maia. Além disso, como classificar a ...

  4. Desterritorializando e reterritorializando um shtetl nos trópicos. Leitura do romance A guerra no Bom Fim, de Moacyr Scliar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Lani

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A noção de fronteira, vista como um limite fixo, imóvel, vem dando lugar no discurso da pós-modernidade a espaços itinerantes em que se destacam relações identitárias transitórias, fluidas, errantes, marcadas pela pluralidade das travessias culturais. Apoiando-nos no conceito de desterritorialização/reterritorialização criado por Gilles Deleuze e reavaliado por Néstor García Canclini, o presente artigo analisa as diferentes etapas de tal processo no romance A guerra no Bom Fim (1972, de Moacyr Scliar.

  5. El estrés oxidativo como mecanismo de acción del plomo: Implicancias terapéuticas Oxidative stress as a mechanism of action of lead: Therapeutic implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samanta Andrea Martínez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El plomo (Pb es un metal no esencial altamente tóxico que afecta a diversos órganos y tejidos. Si bien aún no ha sido descripto un mecanismo único mediante el cual este metal ejerce sus efectos tóxicos, un gran número de estudios han puesto en evidencia el rol fundamental del estrés oxidativo en la intoxicación por Pb. A este respecto, ha sido informado que en la intoxicación por Pb el estrés oxidativo puede ocurrir a diferentes niveles: por generación de ácido ä-aminolevulínico (ä-ALA, por la capacidad per se que posee el Pb para inducir peroxidación lipídica en presencia de ión ferroso (Fe2+, o por depleción de glutatión (GSH y enzimas antioxidantes. Sobre la base de estos antecedentes, el objetivo de esta revisión es presentar evidencias recientes sobre la implicancia del estrés oxidativo en los efectos adversos ocasionados por Pb, destacar la posibilidad de utilización de biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo como un método complementario al diagnóstico temprano de exposición y revelar la importancia de los compuestos antioxidantes como nuevas herramientas en la prevención y tratamiento de la intoxicación por este metal.Lead (Pb is a highly toxic non-essential metal that affects different organs and tissues. Although at the present a unique mechanism by which this metal exerts its toxic effects has not been described, a large number of studies have highlighted the fundamental role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of Pb poisoning. In this regard, it has been reported that Pb-induced oxidative stress can occur at different levels: by the generation of ä-aminolevulinic acid (ä-ALA, through its ability to induce lipid peroxidation in the presence of ferrous ion (Fe2+, or via glutathione (GSH or antioxidant enzyme depletion. On the basis of these antecedents, the aim of this review is to present recent evidence regarding the implication of oxidative stress in the adverse effects caused by Pb, to emphasize the

  6. A Novel Grid SINS/DVL Integrated Navigation Algorithm for Marine Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Yingyao; Zhao, Lin; Cheng, Jianhua; Wu, Mouyan; Fan, Xiaoliang

    2018-01-26

    Integrated navigation algorithms under the grid frame have been proposed based on the Kalman filter (KF) to solve the problem of navigation in some special regions. However, in the existing study of grid strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS)/Doppler velocity log (DVL) integrated navigation algorithms, the Earth models of the filter dynamic model and the SINS mechanization are not unified. Besides, traditional integrated systems with the KF based correction scheme are susceptible to measurement errors, which would decrease the accuracy and robustness of the system. In this paper, an adaptive robust Kalman filter (ARKF) based hybrid-correction grid SINS/DVL integrated navigation algorithm is designed with the unified reference ellipsoid Earth model to improve the navigation accuracy in middle-high latitude regions for marine application. Firstly, to unify the Earth models, the mechanization of grid SINS is introduced and the error equations are derived based on the same reference ellipsoid Earth model. Then, a more accurate grid SINS/DVL filter model is designed according to the new error equations. Finally, a hybrid-correction scheme based on the ARKF is proposed to resist the effect of measurement errors. Simulation and experiment results show that, compared with the traditional algorithms, the proposed navigation algorithm can effectively improve the navigation performance in middle-high latitude regions by the unified Earth models and the ARKF based hybrid-correction scheme.

  7. Fuzzy adaptive integration scheme for low-cost SINS/GPS navigation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourmohammadi, Hossein; Keighobadi, Jafar

    2018-01-01

    Due to weak stand-alone accuracy as well as poor run-to-run stability of micro-electro mechanical system (MEMS)-based inertial sensors, special approaches are required to integrate low-cost strap-down inertial navigation system (SINS) with global positioning system (GPS), particularly in long-term applications. This paper aims to enhance long-term performance of conventional SINS/GPS navigation systems using a fuzzy adaptive integration scheme. The main concept behind the proposed adaptive integration is the good performance of attitude-heading reference system (AHRS) in low-accelerated motions and its degradation in maneuvered or accelerated motions. Depending on vehicle maneuvers, gravity-based attitude angles can be intelligently utilized to improve orientation estimation in the SINS. Knowledge-based fuzzy inference system is developed for decision-making between the AHRS and the SINS according to vehicle maneuvering conditions. Inertial measurements are the main input data of the fuzzy system to determine the maneuvering level during the vehicle motions. Accordingly, appropriate weighting coefficients are produced to combine the SINS/GPS and the AHRS, efficiently. The assessment of the proposed integrated navigation system is conducted via real data in airborne tests.

  8. Fantasmagorias e fantasmas em dois romances de Rui Mourão: Boca de Chafariz e Os demônios descem o morro.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Silviano Brandão

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa dois romances de Rui Mourão, Boca de chafariz e Os demônios descem o morro, com uma base teórica de Walter Benjamin, através de seus conceitos sobre a história, a melancolia, o barroco mineiro, a fantasmagoria. Além de Benjamin, recorremos a algumas ideias pontuais de Luciano de Samósata sobre como escrever história, principalmente sua relação com a verdade e a ficção. Os conceitos dos dois autores teóricos, Benjamin e Luciano, tangenciam-se em alguns pontos e, segundo nosso ponto de vista, favorecem um diálogo, tanto no plano ficcional, como com o histórico, através de figuras de outros séculos, presentes como fantasmas, que também dialogam com nosso presente, tornando os romances polissêmicos, pelo jogo de vozes. O método de leitura é comparativo, já que se articulam valores de duas culturas, vários autores, apresentando revisões da história, sob o olhar contemporâneo.

  9. Passado e presente: Sicília e Mileto, Roma e Afrodísias no romance de Cáriton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriane da Silva Duarte

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Quéreas e Calírroe, romance de Cáriton de Afrodísias (I d.C., tem como ponto de partida e de retorno do par protagonista a cidade de Siracusa, na Sicília do início do século IV a.C.. Uma parte considerável da ação, contudo, se passa em Mileto, para onde se desloca a heroína. Procura-se investigar aqui as razões dessa opção de Cáriton, que já na primeira sentença de sua obra proclama sua nacionalidade, alertando o leitor que o autor é um grego que vive na periferia do império romano. A hipótese é que a escolha por situar a ação do romance no passado reflita menos a emulação do relato historiográfico, especialmente o de Tucídides, mas antes uma estratégia para tratar indiretamente da relação entre Afrodísias e Roma no presente.

  10. A mulher proletária e o desenvolvimento da individualidade para-si no romance “Mãe” de Máximo Gorki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilsa Miranda de Souza

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata de análise do romance Mãe de Máximo Gorki a partir da categoria marxista Individualidade para-si aplicada por Duarte (1993. A individualidade para-si é entendida como uma concepção histórico-social da individualidade humana que se fundamenta na relação objetivação/apropriação e entre alienação/humanização que coloca o ser humano como um constante “vir a ser”, como síntese do particular e das objetivações genéricas para-si construídas nas relações sociais de produção. A análise centra-se no desenvolvimento da individualidade da mulher proletária, principal personagem do romance, forjada na luta revolucionaria dos socialistas russos no inicio do século XX.

  11. A metaficção no romance Budapeste e na sua adaptação fílmica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janio Davila de Oliveira

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é fazer uma análise comparativa entre o romance Budapeste (2003, de Chico Buarque de Hollanda e sua adaptação fílmica (2009, dirigida por Walter Carvalho. O presente estudo propõe uma análise com enfoque no caráter metaficional das narrativas, elemento que na nossa visão é de grande importância na interpretação das estruturas das duas obras. Para a realização da análise, parte-se da proposta de Robert Stam (2006 de entender a adaptação fílmica como hipertexto. Logo, com base nessa categoria transtextual criada por Gerald Genette (2010, a adaptação fílmica deixa de ser associada à mera cópia e passa a gozar do status de obra original. Deste modo, buscaremos nas duas obras, Budapeste romance e Budapeste filme, entender a importância da metaficção e como ela foi tratada por Walter Carvalho ao ser transposta para a tela

  12. Dos jornais ao palco: romances folhetins e textos teatrais no Rio de Janeiro da segunda metade do século XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cristina Martins de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Os estudos com folhetins já vêm sendo desenvolvidos por historiadores brasileiros há pelo menos duas décadas, e eles têm desvelado aspectos importantes das relações entre história e literatura. As análises que privilegiam as relações entre romance folhetim e textos teatrais, no entanto, ainda são pouco usuais. Este artigo investiga essa faceta a partir da análise de três peças teatrais com a intenção de mostrar que o romance folhetim foi capaz de inspirar a elaboração de produtos originais, nos quais à dimensão de entretenimento foram acrescidos as de crítica social e política, o que os transformou em instrumentos de intervenção dos seus autores na realidade de seu tempo.

  13. Production and characterization of Si-N films obtained by r.f. magnetron sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliveira, A.; Cavaleiro, A.; Vieira, M.T.

    1993-01-01

    Si-N films were deposited by sputtering from an Si 3 N 4 target with different deposition pressures and negative substrate bias. The films were amorphous and showed a ''featureless'' morphology. A high oxygen content was detected in unbiased films. For these films the Si/N ratio was very high compared with the target composition, whereas for biased films the opposite was observed. Si-N films presented cohesive failures for loads as high as 21 N and adhesive failure at 45 N when they were analysed by scratch test. Very high hardness (45 GPa) was obtained, particularly for biased films. Unbiased films were softer, which is attributed to the formation of silicon oxide and/or to a lower compressive stress level. (orig.)

  14. Fabrication of high-quality superconductor-insulator-superconductor junctions on thin SiN membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Edouard; Jacobson, Brian R.; Hu, Qing

    1993-01-01

    We have successfully fabricated high-quality and high-current density superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) junctions on freestanding thin silicon nitride (SIN) membranes. These devices can be used in a novel millimeter-wave and THz receiver system which is made using micromachining. The SIS junctions with planar antennas were fabricated first on a silicon wafer covered with a SiN membrane, the Si wafer underneath was then etched away using an anisotropic KOH etchant. The current-voltage characteristics of the SIS junctions remained unchanged after the whole process, and the junctions and the membrane survived thermal cycling.

  15. Moving State Marine SINS Initial Alignment Based on High Degree CKF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Gang Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new moving state marine initial alignment method of strap-down inertial navigation system (SINS is proposed based on high-degree cubature Kalman filter (CKF, which can capture higher order Taylor expansion terms of nonlinear alignment model than the existing third-degree CKF, unscented Kalman filter and central difference Kalman filter, and improve the accuracy of initial alignment under large heading misalignment angle condition. Simulation results show the efficiency and advantage of the proposed initial alignment method as compared with existing initial alignment methods for the moving state SINS initial alignment with large heading misalignment angle.

  16. Sucesos vitales estresantes en mujeres en situación sin hogar

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Cabrera, José Juan; Rodríguez Moreno, Sara Isabel; Roca Morales, Pablo; Panadero Herrero, Sonia

    2016-01-01

    Las Personas Sin Hogar (PSH) forman parte de un colectivo especialmente vulnerable al padecimiento de Sucesos Vitales Estresantes (SVE) a lo largo de la vida. Además, los escasos datos indican que las Mujeres Sin Hogar (MSH) presentan una mayor vulnerabilidad a sufrir dichos sucesos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la prevalencia de SVE en un grupo de 138 MSH de la ciudad de Madrid. Los resultados apuntan que las MSH experimentan un número muy elevado de SVE tanto en la infancia/adole...

  17. Cambios microestructurales y reológicos de masas y panes sin gluten

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Flores, José Octavio

    2015-01-01

    El estudio de la microestructura de las masas y panes sin gluten nos permite predecir el comportamiento de estos durante los procesos de elaboración y por ende la maquinabilidad de los mismos. Se hizo un análisis reológico de masas sin gluten y un análisis de perfil de textura (TPA) a los panes elaborados a partir de estas, también se tomaron imágenes por medio del microscopio electrónico de barrido, tanto de las masas como de los panes. Para hacer el perfil reológico se hicieron ensayos osci...

  18. Intense, Passionate Romantic Love: A natural addiction? How the fields that investigate romance and substance abuse can inform each other

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen eFisher

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Individuals in the early stage of intense romantic love show many symptoms of substance and non-substance or behavioral addictions, including euphoria, craving, tolerance, emotional and physical dependence, withdrawal and relapse. We have proposed that romantic love is a natural (and often positive addiction that evolved from mammalian antecedents by four million years ago as a survival mechanism to encourage hominin pair-bonding and reproduction, seen cross-culturally today in Homo sapiens. Brain scanning studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI support this view: feelings of intense romantic love engage regions of the brain’s reward system, specifically dopamine-rich regions, including the ventral tegmental area, also activated during drug and/or behavioral addiction. Thus, because the experience of romantic love shares reward pathways with a range of substance and behavioral addictions, it may influence the drug and/or behavioral addiction response. Indeed, a study of overnight abstinent smokers has shown that feelings of intense romantic love attenuate brain activity associated with cigarette cue-reactivity. Could socially rewarding experiences be therapeutic for drug and/or behavioral addictions? We suggest that self expanding experiences like romance and expanding one’s knowledge, experience and self-perception, may also affect drug and/or behavioral addiction behaviors. Further, because feelings of romantic love can progress into feelings of calm attachment, and because attachment engages more plastic forebrain regions, there is a rationale for therapies that may help substance and/or behavioral addiction by promoting activation of these forebrain systems through long-term, calm, positive attachments to others, including group therapies. Addiction is considered a negative (harmful disorder that appears in a population subset; while romantic love is often a positive (as well as negative state experienced by almost all

  19. Intense, Passionate, Romantic Love: A Natural Addiction? How the Fields That Investigate Romance and Substance Abuse Can Inform Each Other.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Helen E; Xu, Xiaomeng; Aron, Arthur; Brown, Lucy L

    2016-01-01

    Individuals in the early stage of intense romantic love show many symptoms of substance and non-substance or behavioral addictions, including euphoria, craving, tolerance, emotional and physical dependence, withdrawal and relapse. We have proposed that romantic love is a natural (and often positive) addiction that evolved from mammalian antecedents by 4 million years ago as a survival mechanism to encourage hominin pair-bonding and reproduction, seen cross-culturally today in Homo sapiens. Brain scanning studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging support this view: feelings of intense romantic love engage regions of the brain's "reward system," specifically dopamine-rich regions, including the ventral tegmental area, also activated during drug and/or behavioral addiction. Thus, because the experience of romantic love shares reward pathways with a range of substance and behavioral addictions, it may influence the drug and/or behavioral addiction response. Indeed, a study of overnight abstinent smokers has shown that feelings of intense romantic love attenuate brain activity associated with cigarette cue-reactivity. Could socially rewarding experiences be therapeutic for drug and/or behavioral addictions? We suggest that "self expanding" experiences like romance and expanding one's knowledge, experience and self-perception, may also affect drug and/or behavioral addiction behaviors. Further, because feelings of romantic love can progress into feelings of calm attachment, and because attachment engages more plastic forebrain regions, there is a rationale for therapies that may help substance and/or behavioral addiction by promoting activation of these forebrain systems through long-term, calm, positive attachments to others, including group therapies. Addiction is considered a negative (harmful) disorder that appears in a population subset; while romantic love is often a positive (as well as negative) state experienced by almost all humans. Thus, researchers

  20. Representações Contemporâneas de Literatura e Autoria no Romance Budapeste, de Chico Buarque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo da Silva Bispo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho aborda brevemente algumas questões sobre a representação e a autoria na literatura contemporânea. Parte-se das propostas teóricas da funcionalidade e circulação do nome do autor e de sua morte no mercado e no meio literário. Defende-se que é com a literatura contemporânea que se dá a morte do autor e a transformação de seu nome em uma espécie de representação que, por si mesma, instaura uma realidade. Trata-se de uma presença na ausência que se realiza a partir da assinatura de quem se responsabiliza pelo texto literário. Isso significa dizer que está no nome do autor que consta logo abaixo do título de uma obra o valor de legitimação e de autoridade para fazê-la circular, ou seja, tornála conhecida e válida. Nessa perspectiva, ser o autor de uma obra literária não significa necessariamente tê-la escrito ou criado. No entanto, ter a assinatura de um nome reconhecido pelo público-leitor pode ser a garantia de sucesso no mercado editorial. Valem como referencial teórico para as análises e verificação das afirmações apresentadas no trabalho os postulados de Roland Barthes (1984 sobre a morte do autor, as reflexões de Michel Foucault (2002 sobre o que é um autor e as proposições de Claudio do Carmo (2008 sobre a literatura contemporânea. Toma-se, nessa abordagem, o romance Budapeste, de Chico Buarque, para constatação e aplicação das colocações afirmadas no texto, uma vez que podem-se encontrar nessa obra questões relativas à representação, à autoria e ao lugar do autor na literatura contemporânea, temas que, por sua vez, encontram, na contemporaneidade, vez e espaço para análises e questionamentos teóricos.

  1. Sin Nombre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2012-01-01

    ) den illegale emigration fra Syd mod Nord, i dette tilfælde fra Mellemamerika og gennem Mexico til USA og b) ungdomsbanders vold, kriminalitet og parallelkultur. Filmen udkom i 2009 og er instrueret af den amerikanske filminstruktør Cary Fukunaga. Fukunaga foretog en grundig research i form af......Film belyser vigtige samfundsmæssige, kulturelle og interkulturelle problemer. Det kan være hvordan en profession udøves (film om advokater, læger, lærere, brandfolk), hvad der karakteriserer en etnisk gruppe eller subkultur, eller møder/konflikter mellem grupper og kulturer, osv. Derfor kan film...... med fordel inddrages i undervisningen for at levendegøre sådanne emner. Samtidig udgør film en vigtig kilde til udvikling af ideer indenfor discipliner som sociologi, kulturel og interkulturel forståelse og historie. Endvidere er film for mange mennesker den umiddelbare kilde til viden om folk og...

  2. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  3. High precision measurement of sin2theta/sub W/ in semi-leptonic neutrino interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guyot, C.

    1985-01-01

    The experiment has provided what is presently the most accurate measurement of sin 2 theta/sub W/. The errors are still too large for a significant test of the standard model and the measured value is in agreement with the measured values of M/sub W/ and M/sub Z/. On the other hand, this result can constrain the Grand Unified models. The standard SU(5) model predicts sin 2 theta/sub W//sup MS/ = 0.214 +/- 0.004 (the error comes from the uncertainty on Lambda/sub MS/), in very good agreement with the measured value. While this model has big problems with the proton lifetime, it could be saved by its supersymmetric extension. In the minimal SU(5) SUSY model (with 2 Higgs supermultiplets) sin 2 theta/sub W//sup MS/ = 0.233 +/- 0.004, [12] in bad agreement with the measured value. The addition of other Higgs supermultiplets increases the value of sin 2 theta/sub W/. Unless some unexpected large contribution from higher-twist terms occurs, the present measurement can already bring a significant constraint on Grand Unified models

  4. SINs and SOMs: Neural microcircuits for size tuning in the zebrafish and mouse visual pathway.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison J. Barker

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In many animals, a fast and reliable circuit for discriminating between predator-sized objects and edible (prey-sized objects is necessary for survival. How are receptive fields in visual brain areas organized to extract information about size? Recent studies from the zebrafish optic tectum and the mouse visual cortex suggest de novo shaping of receptive fields by subtypes of inhibitory neurons. Del Bene et al. (2010 describe a population of GABAergic neurons in the zebrafish optic tectum (Superficial Interneurons, SINs that are necessary for size filtering during prey capture. Adesnik et al. (2012 describe a somatostatin-expressing interneuron population (SOMs that confers surround suppression on layer II/III pyramidal cells in mouse V1. Strikingly both the SINs and the SOMs, display size-dependent response properties. Increasing visual stimulus size increases excitatory input to these neurons. Dampening SIN or SOM activity alters tuning of neighboring circuits such that they lose preference for small objects. Both results provide exciting evidence for mechanisms of size filtering in visual circuits. Here we review the roles of the SINs and the SOMs and speculate on the similarity of such spatial filters across species.

  5. A Reflection on the Traditional African Concept of Sin, Sickness and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the meaning and nature of HIV/AIDS; the traditional African perception of sin, sickness and disease in relation to HIV/AIDS. It also looks at the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS pandemic on Africans and Africa as a continent. It discuses traditional ways of combating the pandemic and of confronting ...

  6. Initial Self-Alignment for Marine Rotary SINS Using Novel Adaptive Kalman Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fujun Pei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The accurate initial attitude is essential to affect the navigation result of Rotary Strapdown Inertial Navigation System (SINS, which is usually calculated by initial alignment. But marine mooring Rotary SINS has to withstand dynamic disturbance, such as the interference angular velocities and accelerations caused by surge and sway. In order to overcome the limit of dynamic disturbance under the marine mooring condition, an alignment method using novel adaptive Kalman filter for marine mooring Rotary SINS is developed in this paper. This alignment method using the gravity in the inertial frame as a reference is discussed to deal with the lineal and angular disturbances. Secondly, the system error model for fine alignment in the inertial frame as a reference is established. Thirdly, PWCS and SVD are used to analyze the observability of the system error model for fine alignment. Finally, a novel adaptive Kalman filter with measurement residual to estimate measurement noise variance is designed. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve better accuracy and stability for marine Rotary SINS.

  7. A Method for Oscillation Errors Restriction of SINS Based on Forecasted Time Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Zhao

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Continuity, real-time, and accuracy are the key technical indexes of evaluating comprehensive performance of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS. However, Schuler, Foucault, and Earth periodic oscillation errors significantly cut down the real-time accuracy of SINS. A method for oscillation error restriction of SINS based on forecasted time series is proposed by analyzing the characteristics of periodic oscillation errors. The innovative method gains multiple sets of navigation solutions with different phase delays in virtue of the forecasted time series acquired through the measurement data of the inertial measurement unit (IMU. With the help of curve-fitting based on least square method, the forecasted time series is obtained while distinguishing and removing small angular motion interference in the process of initial alignment. Finally, the periodic oscillation errors are restricted on account of the principle of eliminating the periodic oscillation signal with a half-wave delay by mean value. Simulation and test results show that the method has good performance in restricting the Schuler, Foucault, and Earth oscillation errors of SINS.

  8. El Palacio sin máscara: La lectura de quien no estuvo allí.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Abad Faciolince

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de un análisis de la obra "El Palacio sin máscara" referido a la toma del Palacio de Justicia por parte de guerrilleros y la masacre ocurrida por parte de los militares. En la obra se retrata la realidad, se poda la información de todo ruido para dejar ver la verdad.

  9. Decrease in Accuracy of a Rotational SINS Caused by its Rotary Table's Errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pin Lv

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We call a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS that uses the rotation auto-compensation technique (which is a common method to reduce the effect of the bias errors of inertial components a ‘rotational SINS’. In a rotational SINS, the rotary table is an important component, rotating the inertial sensor assembly back and forth in azimuth to accomplish error modulation. As a consequence of the manufacturing process, errors may exist in rotary tables which decrease the navigation accuracy of rotational SINSs. In this study, the errors of rotary tables are considered in terms of installation error, wobble error and angular error, and the models of these errors are established for the rotational SINS. Next, the propagation characteristics of these errors in the rotational SINS are analysed and their effects on navigation results are discussed. Finally, the theoretical conclusions are tested by numerical simulation. This paper supplies a good reference for the development of low-cost rotational SINSs, which usually have low accuracy rotary tables and which may be used in robots, intelligent vehicles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs.

  10. Ten Sins Challenging Education in the Contemporary Global Era: A Philosophical Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinagatullin, Ilghiz M.

    2004-01-01

    According to this author, the modern epoch is characterized by a decrease of vital spirituality and an increase of materialistic values and virtues. This article discusses what the author views as the ten sins challenging education in the contemporary global era. These are: (1) the shrinking of spiritual values; (2) corruption; (3) sexual…

  11. Do Schacter's Seven Sins of Memory Apply to Ratings of Children's Emotional and Behavioral Functioning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renk, Kimberly; Donnelly, Reesa; McKinney, Cliff; Baksh, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    Schacter (2001) proposes that there are seven memory malfunctions that occur in everyday life and that affect individuals' ability to recall occurrences in their lives. Given that these sins affect other areas of memory, it is likely that they may affect the ratings that informants provide when they are recalling characteristics of the emotional…

  12. Population dynamics of the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) and Sin Nombre virus, California Channel Islands.

    OpenAIRE

    Graham, T. B.; Chomel, B. B.

    1997-01-01

    Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, first documented in 1993, is caused by Sin Nombre virus (SNV), which is carried by the Peromyscus species. In 1994, high SNV antibody prevalence was identified in deer mice from two California Channel Islands. We sampled two locations on three islands to estimate mouse population density and SNV prevalence. Population flux and SNV prevalence appear to vary independently.

  13. Absolute Absolution: The Forgiveness of Original Sin by Ministers of Government Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatto, John Taylor

    1994-01-01

    Traces the evolution of public schooling as an attempt by progressives and others to absolve citizens of Original Sin and unweave the world view of traditional Christianity. Argues that the removal from schools of Christian beliefs about morality, labor, self-control, and death signals a wish to collectivize the American masses and restore a…

  14. A nova mulher e a transformação do romance português: revoluções sociais e literárias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Kirst de Lima Girola

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este ensaio investiga o espaço da mulher na sociedade patriarcal portuguesa em romances publicados na segunda metade do século XX: A Sibila (1954, de Agustina Bessa-Luís; O Anjo Ancorado (1958, de José Cardoso Pires; Casas Pardas (1977, de Maria Velho da Costa; História do Cerco de Lisboa (1989, de José Saramago e Não entres tão depressa nessa noite escura (2000, de António Lobo Antunes. Procuramos demonstrar como o romance, a partir da década de 50, em Portugal, passa a constituirse num espaço de discussão e reflexão acerca da nova mulher que se engendra social e literariamente. Tencionamos abordar o percurso de uma nova representação da mulher na literatura, relacionando-o às transformações da sociedade patriarcal e às mudanças estéticas do próprio gênero romanesco.Palavras-chave: Literatura portuguesa; romance da segunda metade do século XX; personagem feminina. Abstract: This essay investigates the space of women in the Portuguese patriarchal society in novels published in the second half of twentieth century: A Sibila (1954, by Agustina Bessa-Luís; O Anjo Ancorado (1958, by José Cardoso Pires; Casas Pardas (1977, by Maria Velho da Costa; História do Cerco de Lisboa (1989, by José Saramago and Não entres tão depressa nessa noite escura (2000, by António Lobo Antunes. It aims to show how the novel, since 1950’s, in Portugal, become a space for discussion about the new woman in the society and in the literature. This essay demonstrate the trajectory of a innovative form of woman’s representation in literature, connecting with social transformations and aesthetic changes in the novel genre.Keywords: Portuguese literature; twentieth century novel; feminine character.

  15. O ensaísmo presente em "Se um viajante numa noite de inverno", de Italo Calvino: uma teoria da leitura em um romance metaliterário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Ramos

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo propõe uma reflexão sobre como o pensador Italo Calvino evidencia em Se um viajante numa noite de inverno (1979 uma teoria da leitura. Nesse romance, enquanto o escritor narra a tentativa do personagem chamado Leitor de terminar a leitura de um livro, ele também teoriza sobre o leitor e a leitura. Dentre as muitas possibilidades de análise dessa obra, tendo em vista sua multiplicidade, é focado a exposição, no próprio texto, do processo de escrita do romance e da sua ficcionalidade. O recorte escolhido tem sua relevância justificada pela proposição de Jean Baudrillard em Simulacros e simulação (1991: a “promessa”, uma vez que ainda não havia se revelado na época desta publicação, da terceira categoria de simulacro, na qual já não haveria o isolamento de ficção e teoria e em que a indistinção entre imaginário e real abriria caminho para a presentificação da metatécnica; essa categoria é percebida na obra estudada e é a que, segundo Baudrillard, ainda pode interessar-nos. Se um viajante numa noite de inverno, porquanto espaço de articulação metaliterária, é um ambiente profícuo de interação entre ficção e teoria, sendo, portanto, ainda mais produtivo para o debate sobre a figura e a função do leitor. É precisamente o aspecto metaliterário relacionado à figura do leitor e à sua atividade o que é rastreado nesse texto que o próprio escritor denominou hiper-romance. Para isso, identifica-se e analisa-se alguns aspectos distintivos dessa obra quanto a: como ler, tipos de livros, a arte de não-ler, leitor e leitura; de modo que o objeto literário de estudo é também parte do corpus teórico selecionado. À produção ficcional e teórica de Italo Calvino, soma-se os construtos teóricos de Wolfgang Iser e Jorge Luis Borges para a compreensão e análise do texto literário em foco quanto aos temas centrais desenvolvidos aqui: leitor e leitura.

  16. Construction of Δm2--sin2 2θ plots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Snyder, R.

    1991-01-01

    In the two-flavor approximation, the probability for a neutrino to oscillate from one flavor to the other is given by Ρ νa → νb = sin 2 2θ sin 2 (1.27 Δm 2 L/E ν ) where θ is the mixing angle, Δm 2 = |m νa 2 - m νb 2 | is measured in (eV/c 2 ) 2 , L, the distance from the source, is measured in km, and E, the beam energy, is measured in GeV. If either Δm 2 or sin 2 2Θ is zero, there is no oscillation. They might also have small, non-zero values, causing the oscillations to be so small as to be unobservable in a particular experiment. They may also have values which allow us to determine the probability of oscillation, but so far no compelling evidence for oscillation exists. The universal method of portraying what region of parameter space is explored by a neutrino oscillation experiment is to mark off an area on a Δm 2 vs. sin 2 2θ plot. Typically, a line is graphed, with the claim that if the experiment finds not evidence of oscillation, one can, for example, be 90% certain that Δm 2 and sin 2 2θ lie within the region below and to the left of the line. Since these plots are so widely used, it is useful to understand the process by which they are created

  17. Implicancias de la ratificación en la declaración judicial por el delito de violación sexual en los aspectos psicológicos traumáticos del menor agraviado en la provincia de Puno 2006-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Nieto Portocarrero, Walter Marcelino

    2009-01-01

    La investigación de las implicancias de la ratificación en la declaración judiCial por el delito de violación en los aspectos psicológicos traumáticos del menor agraviado en la Provincia de Puno, se ha iniciado observando que se trata de un problema social, que cada día va en avanzada. Como estudiosos del Derecho Penal, nos encontramos en la obligación de plantear alternativas de solución a este álgido problema social y una de ellas es justamente desarrollar una investigación científica, sien...

  18. Análisis de la pequeñas concesiones mineras y la actividad minera informal a pequeña escala de la región Puno y su implicancia en la gestión ambiental y social

    OpenAIRE

    Huisa Mamani, Fidel

    2015-01-01

    La presunción de la falta del diagnóstico de la minería a pequeña escala de la Región Puno conllevó a una percepción negativa de la realidad de la actividad minera a pequeña escala en la Región Puno. Se presenta un diagnóstico y análisis de las concesiones mineras y la actividad minera informal y su implicancia en la gestión ambiental y social para la formalización y reducir los impactos ambientales y sociales obedeciendo al incremento de los petitorios y concesiones mineras y al crecimiento ...

  19. Análisis de las implicancias del vínculo afectivo en el desarrollo motor y cognitivo de niños con parálisis cerebral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Noelia Turchetti Iturrieta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo del niño está íntimamente ligado a los procesos de maduración del Sistema Nervioso Central (SNC, fundamentalmente en lo que se refiere a las funciones psicomotoras. Dentro de las alteraciones del SNC se encuentra la Parálisis Cerebral (PC, entendida como trastorno del tono postural y del movimiento, secundario a una lesión del cerebro inmaduro. La necesidad de la experiencia sensorial y el ejercicio motor es una premisa básica para el desarrollo infantil típico, haciéndose aún más necesaria en el niño con PC.La estimulación de las funciones motoras y cognitivas, debe darse en el marco de un vínculo de afecto con el niño con PC, a fin de establecer un clima de confianza que permita al niño trabajar junto al psicólogo en pos de su desarrollo. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar las implicancias del vínculo afectivo en el desarrollo motor y cognitivo de niños con PC, de entre 4 y 6 años de edad. Metodológicamente los datos son tratados cualitativamente, se trata de un estudio de casos seleccionados de forma intencional: se toman dos pacientes en tratamiento psicológico desde temprana edad, de una institución privada dedicada al abordaje interdisciplinario de las patologías de la infancia. Los pacientes designados presentan diagnóstico de P.C, de distinta complejidad, se comparan los sentimientos de los niños y su psicoterapeuta, durante su interrelación. Se utilizan como instrumentos para el relevamiento de datos, observación de la sesión psicológica y entrevista semidirigida a psicoterapeuta infantil. Entre los resultados se destacan la relación de la vulnerabilidad física y psíquica del niño con PC, siendo la desvitalización anímica, de la que habla Jorge Cantis, mayor en el paciente con diagnóstico de PC grave o severa. En relación al psicoterapeuta, se observa la necesidad de estar atento a sus sentimientos, para no identificarse con los sentimientos del paciente con P.C y/o de su

  20. MATERIAL CULTURE OBJECTS IN THE EPICS OF DEDE KORKUT AND ÂŞIK GARIP FOLK ROMANCE / DEDE KORKUT HİKÂYELERİ VE ÂŞIK GARİP HİKÂYESİ’NDE YER ALAN MADDİ KÜLTÜR ÜRÜNLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Süheyla SARITAŞ

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that the epic of Dede Korkut is one of the most popular Turkish folklore topics studied by Turkish folklorists. The book itself, which consists of twelve narratives, is considered as a bridge between the epic and the folk romance tradition, one of the most important cultural heritages of the Turks. Moreover, it contains spiritual and material cultural objects, important for the social and cultural life of the Turks. Similarly, a scholar comes across material cultural objects belonging to the Turkish culture in folk romances, created after the epic of Dede Korkut. In this article, in order to emphasize the changes in the social and cultural Turkish lives, I will be investigating the material cultural objects comparatively in the Book of Dede Korkut and Âşık Garip, a well-known folk romance which has an important place in the Turkish folk romance tradition.

  1. Do sol à lâmpada:intermidialidade no romance espanhol contemporâneo La Larga Marcha, de Rafael Chirbes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Sträter

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O romance La larga marcha (1996, de Rafael Chirbes, faz parte de uma trilogia sobre a época crucial da Guerra Civil Espanhola. O livro focaliza o período do franquismo e dedica uma ênfase maior à chamada transição para a democracia durante os anos 1960. Como uma metáfora da paralisação de um país inteiro, encontramos nas suas página frequentemente uma iluminação crepuscular sem sol. Um fato que lembra o famoso quadro Guernica, de Pablo Picasso. Como no quadro, onde uma lâmpada mal ilumina um grupo de animais e seres humanos, todos eles torturados ou em agonia, também no livro de Chirbes a lâmpada tem uma função pouco consoladora.

  2. Cervantes, The Sot-Weed Factor. The “Wild Writing” of John Barth, Contemporary Review of the Cervantinian Narrative Models: Romance, Novella, (Proto Essay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Encarnación Pérez Abellán

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available By “wild writing” Cervantes understands the disharmonious composition of chivalric romance by the incongruous sequencing of its constituent elements. However, he also proposes a positive reading of the expression whenever the theme compositional heterogeneity brings together the principle of unity and coherence. The Quixote himself exemplifies the “wild writing” integrating formally the Italianate novella, short stories and an embryonic essay in order to become the new genre: the novel. Don Quixote is the starting point of The Sot-Weed Factor (John Barth 1960, as well as it is uniquely amalgamate the three narratives submodalities, as a conscious tribute to Cervantes, already installed Barth in postmodern novel.

  3. O diálogo entre a ópera e o romance Ópera dos Mortos, de Autran Dourado

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Gama Bezerra

    2008-01-01

    A presente dissertação tem como objetivo analisar o diálogo estabelecido entre o romance Ópera dos mortos, do escritor mineiro Autran Dourado, e o gênero musical a que o título da obra faz referência, bem como suas implicações na construção dos sentidos. Tal escolha justifica-se na medida em que entendemos que examinar as relações instituídas entre esse texto literário e outro sistema semiótico é caminho, dentre as várias possibilidades de leitura, para o conhecimento da complexidade do refer...

  4. A desintegração do sistema patriarcal expressa pela crise no romance burguês = The disintegration of patriarchal system expressed by the bourgeois novel's crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Pimenta Attie

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A Era Moderna é marcada por uma grande revolução na estrutura econômica, política e social, principalmente devido ao surgimento da burguesia. Esta traz o romance burguês como uma nova maneira de expressar seus desejos e conflitos. Neste artigo será discutido o sistema patriarcal, item estrutural no âmbito do pensamento burguês. O foco estará na sua paulatina dissolução, que corresponde a um dos sinais da crise do romance burguês, no plano literário – lembrando que a palavra crise também pode ser entendida como transformação. Para ilustrar essa revolução literária, em grande parte empreendida pelas mulheres, será analisado o romance To The Lighthouse, da inglesa Virginia Woolf. Nesse romance, em que aparentemente nada de importante acontece, a narrativa está marcada pelo fluxo de consciência, com predominância do monólogo interior indireto, tempo psicológico e uso de intertextualidade, o que permite uma nova forma de construção do sentido, fundamentado na dicotomia entre vida e morte. A desintegração da estrutura patriarcal será vista a partir da relação de poder entre o ‘chefe de família’ e sua esposa. Para realizar esse percurso será feita também uma reflexão sobre a condição da mulher enquanto artista.The Modern Era is marked by a great revolution in the economic, political and social structure, mainly on account of the sprouting of bourgeoisie, which brings the Bourgeois Novel as a new way to express their feelings and conflicts. In this article, one of the bourgeois characteristics, the patriarchal system, will be discussed. However, the focus will be on its dissolution, which is one evidence of the bourgeois novel's crisis. The word 'crisis' can also be understood as transformation. Thus, in order to illustrate this literary revolution undertaken by women, this article analyses To The Lighthouse, by Virginia Woolf. In this novel, it seems that nothing important happens. However the Stream of

  5. Por uma ficção autoconsciente: a transposição do romance Dom Casmurro para a minisérie Capitu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Passafaro Guzzi

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a possibilidade de leitura de duas tradições nos romances, uma realista e outra autoconsciente, as quais se norteiam pelo modo como o gênero romanesco interpretou o conceito de verossimilhança ao longo de sua história. Tal percurso de reflexão possibilitou um estudo da minissérie televisiva Capitu (2008, de Luiz Fernando Carvalho - transposição, essa, da obra Dom Casmurro -, que levou em consideração, também, em seu processo, uma expressa autoconsciência dos mecanismos reflexivos empregados na obra machadiana, mas mobilizados, agora, pelos procedimentos específicos do novo suporte.

  6. Romance: procedimentos metalinguísticos e a relação entre linguagens na ficção de Guel Arraes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso Manoel da Silva Barbosa

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar aspectos do filme Romance, dirigido por Guel Arraes, investigando no longa-metragem a presença de elementos de produção de sentido como a metalinguagem, a opção pelo cômico e como este se configura, bem como os traços de filiação pós-moderna presentes no texto fílmico, examinando ainda seus processos dialógicos. Buscamos observar também as relações estabelecidas entre mídias e o entrecruzar de linguagens artísticas propostos pela obra. Paralelamente a isso, procuramos abordar o contexto social e comunicacional de produção e as peculiaridades autorais que o diretor expressa nas representações do real.

  7. Análise etnopsiquiátrica de um romance espanhol - A anorexia mental: Objecto duma sublimação

    OpenAIRE

    Sabato, Paolo Polito di

    1981-01-01

    Este texto é uma análise etnopsiquiátrica de uma antiga balada espanhola, ainda hoje popular, cujas origens remontam ao séc. XVI, ou talvez antes. O Romance de Delgadina conta a história de um rei, que apaixonado por uma das suas filhas, tenta forçá-la a tornar-se sua amante, alimentando-a apenas a peixe e água salgada. Os outros membros da família recusam ajudá-la: a mãe, ciumenta pelo amor do rei, as irmãs com medo de serem punidas com a morte. Depois de uma...

  8. Cuzco: a dessacralização da cidade imperial dos incas no romance de José María Arguedas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline de Cassia Pinheiro Lima

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Esse texto tem seu embasamento nas leituras e pesquisas que tiveram início em Cursos de Mestrado e Doutorado, culminando nas pesquisas hoje em um Programa de Pós-Graduação Interdisciplinar. Desde então, as leituras sobre a construção de uma América Latina mestiça e extremamente rica, mesmo empobrecida por diversos fatores de exploração que tiveram início com a chegada dos europeus ao continente, continuam a fazer parte dos estudos, projetos, aulas que estão sendo desenvolvidos. Os Rios profundos, o romance de José Maria Arguedas (1911-1969 que teve a primeira edição em 1958, começa nos apresentando Cuzco, a capital do império incaico, cidade considerada sagrada pelos indígenas. Sua fundação, em que se confundem a história concreta e a formação social do povo inca com o imaginário e o simbólico do homem andino, nos remete ao mito de origem desse povo em suas várias maneiras de ser apresentado. Com o processo colonizador implantado pelos espanhóis, acontece a construção de Lima, que passa a ser a capital do Peru. Para os descendentes do incanato essa mudança é aceita como uma divisão: Cuzco continuou a ser considerada a capital do império para eles. O presente artigo pretende apresentar a maneira pessoal de José María Arguedas olhar para a cidade sagrada dos incas em seus textos, sendo que, nesse artigo, a abordagem será feita a partir do romance Los ríos profundos, apenas.

  9. Romancing the Child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, E. D., Jr.

    2001-01-01

    Explains the need to "cure" American education of its enduring, romantic belief that learning is natural, noting that progressive education has proven somewhat invulnerable to its failures. Suggests that only when doubt is cast on public education's endemic romanticism will there be more equality in education and widespread improvements in…

  10. Intertwining romance and finance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxlund, Bjarke

    Litteratur om kærlighed og sex i Sydafrika har ofte modstillet såkaldt transaktionel sex med en normativ forestilling om ren kærlighed, som formodes at være uafhængig af socio-økonomiske interesser eller lyster og drifter. Baseret på etnografisk feltarbejde på Turfloop Campus ved Limpopo Universi...

  11. Romancing the Mind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Mette

    , we can gain a better (descriptive) understanding of why images of heroines looking for a long-term bond can be cognitively rewarding and emotionally engaging despite that these scenarios depict traditional gender roles. A naturalised framework, with its basis in evolved cognitive adaptations...

  12. Romancing the Crop Tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan E. Houston; Edward R. Buckner; James S. Meadows

    1995-01-01

    Foresters and landowners alike desire alternatives to traditional silvicultural techniques. For example, many landowners arc unwilling to clearcut their forest. They want economic return, but not at the expense of removing the entire forest. Yet, in the South, most knowledgeable foresters are reluctant to recommend selection cutting because it too readily drifts...

  13. Glia and romance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Joel D

    2008-01-01

    Drosophila courtship is a complex behavior. A new study shows that glia modulate neurotransmission to influence male preference, but the authors should have resisted the temptation to describe their results in tabloid language.

  14. The Romance of Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meindl, James R.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    The attributional perspective on leadership, which suggests the social construction of organizational realities attributes to leadership the activities and outcomes of organizations, was supported by the results of three archival studies and a series of experimental studies. Tables, figures, and 64 references are provided. (DCS)

  15. Bicarbonate Plays a Critical Role in the Generation of Cytotoxicity during SIN-1 Decomposition in Culture Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyo Shirai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available 3-Morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1 is used as a donor of peroxynitrite (ONOO− in various studies. We demonstrated, however, that, the cell-culture medium remains cytotoxic to PC12 cells even after almost complete SIN-1 decomposition, suggesting that reaction product(s in the medium, rather than ONOO−, exert cytotoxic effects. Here, we clarified that significant cytotoxicity persists after SIN-1 decomposes in bicarbonate, a component of the culture medium, but not in NaOH. Cytotoxic SIN-1-decomposed bicarbonate, which lacks both oxidizing and nitrosating activities, degrades to innocuous state over time. The extent of SIN-1 cytotoxicity, irrespective of its fresh or decomposed state, appears to depend on the total number of initial SIN-1 molecules per cell, rather than its concentration, and involves oxidative/nitrosative stress-related cell damage. These results suggest that, despite its low abundance, the bicarbonate-dependent cytotoxic substance that accumulates in the medium during SIN-1 breakdown is the cytotoxic entity of SIN-1.

  16. Bicarbonate Plays a Critical Role in the Generation of Cytotoxicity during SIN-1 Decomposition in Culture Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirai, Kyo; Okada, Tatsumi; Konishi, Kanako; Murata, Hiroshi; Akashi, Soichiro; Sugawara, Fumio; Watanabe, Nobuo; Arai, Takao

    2012-01-01

    3-Morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) is used as a donor of peroxynitrite (ONOO−) in various studies. We demonstrated, however, that, the cell-culture medium remains cytotoxic to PC12 cells even after almost complete SIN-1 decomposition, suggesting that reaction product(s) in the medium, rather than ONOO−, exert cytotoxic effects. Here, we clarified that significant cytotoxicity persists after SIN-1 decomposes in bicarbonate, a component of the culture medium, but not in NaOH. Cytotoxic SIN-1-decomposed bicarbonate, which lacks both oxidizing and nitrosating activities, degrades to innocuous state over time. The extent of SIN-1 cytotoxicity, irrespective of its fresh or decomposed state, appears to depend on the total number of initial SIN-1 molecules per cell, rather than its concentration, and involves oxidative/nitrosative stress-related cell damage. These results suggest that, despite its low abundance, the bicarbonate-dependent cytotoxic substance that accumulates in the medium during SIN-1 breakdown is the cytotoxic entity of SIN-1. PMID:22848780

  17. Evidence of surface loss as ubiquitous limiting damping mechanism in SiN micro- and nanomechanical resonators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villanueva, Luis Guillermo; Schmid, Silvan

    2014-01-01

    Silicon nitride (SiN) micro- and nanomechanical resonators have attracted a lot of attention in various research fields due to their exceptionally high quality factors (Qs). Despite their popularity, the origin of the limiting loss mechanisms in these structures has remained controversial....... In this Letter we propose an analytical model combining acoustic radiation loss with intrinsic loss. The model accurately predicts the resulting mode-dependent Qs of low-stress silicon-rich and high-stress stoichiometric SiN membranes. The large acoustic mismatch of the low-stress membrane to the substrate seems......, and cantilevers) SiN resonators extracted from literature, suggesting surface loss as ubiquitous damping mechanism in thin SiN resonators with Qsurf=βh and β=6×1010±4×1010  m−1. Based on the intrinsic loss the maximal achievable Qs and Qf products for SiN membranes and strings are outlined....

  18. AUV Underwater Positioning Algorithm Based on Interactive Assistance of SINS and LBL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Zhang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies an underwater positioning algorithm based on the interactive assistance of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS and LBL, and this algorithm mainly includes an optimal correlation algorithm with aided tracking of an SINS/Doppler velocity log (DVL/magnetic compass pilot (MCP, a three-dimensional TDOA positioning algorithm of Taylor series expansion and a multi-sensor information fusion algorithm. The final simulation results show that compared to traditional underwater positioning algorithms, this scheme can not only directly correct accumulative errors caused by a dead reckoning algorithm, but also solves the problem of ambiguous correlation peaks caused by multipath transmission of underwater acoustic signals. The proposed method can calibrate the accumulative error of the AUV position more directly and effectively, which prolongs the underwater operating duration of the AUV.

  19. AUV Underwater Positioning Algorithm Based on Interactive Assistance of SINS and LBL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tao; Chen, Liping; Li, Yao

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies an underwater positioning algorithm based on the interactive assistance of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) and LBL, and this algorithm mainly includes an optimal correlation algorithm with aided tracking of an SINS/Doppler velocity log (DVL)/magnetic compass pilot (MCP), a three-dimensional TDOA positioning algorithm of Taylor series expansion and a multi-sensor information fusion algorithm. The final simulation results show that compared to traditional underwater positioning algorithms, this scheme can not only directly correct accumulative errors caused by a dead reckoning algorithm, but also solves the problem of ambiguous correlation peaks caused by multipath transmission of underwater acoustic signals. The proposed method can calibrate the accumulative error of the AUV position more directly and effectively, which prolongs the underwater operating duration of the AUV. PMID:26729120

  20. Measurement of the CP asymmetry parameter sin(2β) at CDF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LeCompte, T. J.

    1998-01-01

    We present a measurement of the time-dependent asymmetry in the rate for bar B d 0 versus B d 0 decays to J/ψK S 0 . In the context of the Standard Model this is interpreted as a measurement of the CP-violation parameter sin(2β). A total of 198 ± 17 B d 0 /bar B d 0 decays were observed in pbar p collisions at √s = 1.8 TeV by the CDF detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The initial b-flavor is determined by a same side flavor tagging technique. Our analysis results in sin(2β) = 1.8 ± 1.1(stat) ± 0.3(syst)

  1. Normal A0-A1 stars with low v sin i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royer, F.; Gebran, M.; Monier, R.; Hill, G.; Gulliver, A.; Adelman, S.; Smalley, B.; Pintado, O.; Reiners, A.

    2014-11-01

    Royer et al. te{Ror_07_2} studied a sample of A0-A1 stars that did not contain any previously known binary or chemically peculiar (CP) star. They showed that the distribution of the equatorial rotational velocities of the sample is bimodal. We report here the preliminary results of the abundance analysis of 47 of those ``normal'' A0-A1 main-sequence stars. The selection criterion was v sin i < 65 km s^{-1}. An hierarchical classification based on the abundances has supported the identification of new CP stars, while normal composition was confirmed the for ˜40 clean sample of normal A0-A1 stars with low v sin i was then examined for intrinsically slow rotators.

  2. Diagnóstico de sinéquias uterinas por histerossonografia transvaginal

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães Filho,Hélio Antonio; Mattar,Rosiane; Araujo Júnior,Edward; Pires,Cláudio Rodrigues; Moron,Antonio Fernandes

    2006-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de sinéquias uterinas em pacientes com aborto recorrente e a acurácia diagnóstica da ultra-sonografia transvaginal (US-TV) e da histerossonografia (HS). MÉTODOS: Sessenta pacientes não grávidas com passado de três ou mais abortos espontâneos consecutivos foram avaliadas por US-TV, HS e histeroscopia (HTC) para a pesquisa de sinéquias uterinas. A HTC foi considerada o padrão ouro do estudo. A concordância dos achados da US-TV e da HS foram avaliadas pelo coefici...

  3. Rapid Transfer Alignment of MEMS SINS Based on Adaptive Incremental Kalman Filter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Hairong; Sun, Tingting; Zhang, Baiqiang; Zhang, Hongwei; Chen, Yang

    2017-01-14

    In airborne MEMS SINS transfer alignment, the error of MEMS IMU is highly environment-dependent and the parameters of the system model are also uncertain, which may lead to large error and bad convergence of the Kalman filter. In order to solve this problem, an improved adaptive incremental Kalman filter (AIKF) algorithm is proposed. First, the model of SINS transfer alignment is defined based on the "Velocity and Attitude" matching method. Then the detailed algorithm progress of AIKF and its recurrence formulas are presented. The performance and calculation amount of AKF and AIKF are also compared. Finally, a simulation test is designed to verify the accuracy and the rapidity of the AIKF algorithm by comparing it with KF and AKF. The results show that the AIKF algorithm has better estimation accuracy and shorter convergence time, especially for the bias of the gyroscope and the accelerometer, which can meet the accuracy and rapidity requirement of transfer alignment.

  4. AUV Underwater Positioning Algorithm Based on Interactive Assistance of SINS and LBL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tao; Chen, Liping; Li, Yao

    2015-12-30

    This paper studies an underwater positioning algorithm based on the interactive assistance of a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) and LBL, and this algorithm mainly includes an optimal correlation algorithm with aided tracking of an SINS/Doppler velocity log (DVL)/magnetic compass pilot (MCP), a three-dimensional TDOA positioning algorithm of Taylor series expansion and a multi-sensor information fusion algorithm. The final simulation results show that compared to traditional underwater positioning algorithms, this scheme can not only directly correct accumulative errors caused by a dead reckoning algorithm, but also solves the problem of ambiguous correlation peaks caused by multipath transmission of underwater acoustic signals. The proposed method can calibrate the accumulative error of the AUV position more directly and effectively, which prolongs the underwater operating duration of the AUV.

  5. Some dosimetry and radiobiological studies with the SIN biomedical pion beam.

    CERN Document Server

    1976-01-01

    The high intensity isochronous cyclotron of the Swiss Institute for Nuclear Research, SIN near ZUrich, was put into operation about 1% years ago and the intensity of the extracted 590 MeV proton beam has. since May this year, reached a value of 25 uA under stable and continuous operation. It is foreseen to further increase this current 1) and to reach about 30 pA by the end of the year.

  6. La contabilidad de las entidades sin finalidad lucrativa: especial referencia a las fundaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Arnau Paradís, Andreu

    2002-01-01

    Las entidades no lucrativas tienen cada día mas presencia en las sociedades democráticas. Nuestro objetivo ha sido el estudio detallado de la contabilidad de estas entidades, especialmente las fundaciones, analizando si la normativa contable empresarial es aplicable a estas entidades. En el ámbito conceptual no se requiere un marco contable diferente, sin embargo, y por tratarse de un sector de actividad claramente diferenciado, algunas normas contables requieren de una interpretación diferen...

  7. Quantum solitons and their relation with fermion fields for the (sin phi)sub(2)-interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pogrebkov, A.K.; Sushko, V.N.

    1976-01-01

    Schema of canonical quantization of the/sin phi/sub(2)-self-interaction is developed systematically, which takes into account from the very beginning the existence of solitons in corresponding classical dynamical system. Correct definition of quantum soliton is given. The connection between the descriptions of quantum solitons on the basis of the proposed quantization schema and in terms of fermion fields is demonstrated

  8. DIVERSIDAD DE ABEJAS SIN AGUIJÓN (HYMENOPTERA:MELIPONINI UTILIZADAS EN MELIPONICULTURA EN COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guiomar Nates Parra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia se conoce la existencia de cerca de 120 especies de abejas nativas sin aguijón, muchas de las cuales tienen importantes usos y representaciones para diversos grupos sociales y culturales. A pesar de que su cría y manejo (meliponicultura, es una actividad que viene creciendo y tecnificándose en Latinoamérica y otras regiones del mundo, sus características y desarrollo en Colombia han sido poco documentados. Se presentan los resultados de entrevistas y visitas a 75 personas en 16 departamentos de Colombia, que cultivan 25 especies de abejas sin aguijón, agrupadas en 12 géneros. Se encontraron al menos nueve especies más sin identificación completa, se reportan cuatro nuevos registros para el país y se amplía la distribución para 21 taxones. Se presenta información sobre la distribución regional y altitudinal, el cultivo urbano y las denominaciones locales para las abejas. Se revisan algunas características de los géneros cultivados más comunes (Tetragonisca, Melipona, Paratrigona, Scaptotrigona, y Nannotrigona y se discute la importancia del vínculo entre diversidad biológica y cultural que se manifiesta en los nombres locales reportados. Ante un escenario mundial de expansión de la meliponicultura, se resaltan necesidades de investigación y riesgos para la conservación y manejo de la diversidad de abejas sin aguijón y los conocimientos asociados.

  9. EVALUACIÓN DE LA CALIDAD DE CARAMELOS DE UCHUVA SIN SACAROSA ADICIONADOS CON CALCIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FRANCIA ELENA VALENCIA G

    Full Text Available Este trabajo evalúa el efecto de la adición de calcio sobre los atributos de calidad de un caramelo blando a base de fruto de uchuva sin sacarosa, comparándolo con uno similar sin calcio. Se emplea calcio lácteo como ingrediente funcional, el cual se incorpora a granel, con el objetivo de alcanzar un valor diario de referencia mayor del 20% en una porción de 15 g de producto, según la normativa colombiana. El calcio afecta principalmente la acidez del producto (, la elasticidad (>, la cohesividad (. El caramelo adicionado presentó contenidos de 292,5 ± 9 mg Ca/porción, correspondiente a un 20 % del valor diario de referencia, lo cual permite identificar al producto con el descriptor 'Excelente fuente de calcio'. Los caramelos blandos de uchuva sin azúcar adicionados con calcio, representan una alternativa económica para cubrir necesidades de calcio en la dieta de la población

  10. Back scattering involving embedded silicon nitride (SiN) nanoparticles for c-Si solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Hemanta; Mitra, Suchismita; Siddiqui, M. S.; Saxena, A. K.; Chaudhuri, Partha; Saha, Hiranmay; Banerjee, Chandan

    2018-04-01

    A novel material, structure and method of synthesis for dielectric light trapping have been presented in this paper. First, the light scattering behaviour of silicon nitride nanoparticles have been theoretically studied in order to find the optimized size for dielectric back scattering by FDTD simulations from Lumerical Inc. The optical results have been used in electrical analysis and thereby, estimate the effect of nanoparticles on efficiency of the solar cells depending on substrate thickness. Experimentally, silicon nitride (SiN) nanoparticles have been formed using hydrogen plasma treatment on SiN layer deposited by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition (PECVD). The size and area coverage of the nanoparticles were controlled by varying the working pressure, power density and treatment duration. The nanoparticles were integrated with partial rear contact c-Si solar cells as dielectric back reflector structures for the light trapping in thin silicon solar cells. Experimental results revealed the increases of current density by 2.7% in presence of SiN nanoparticles.

  11. A Novel Scheme for DVL-Aided SINS In-Motion Alignment Using UKF Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenqi Wu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In-motion alignment of Strapdown Inertial Navigation Systems (SINS without any geodetic-frame observations is one of the toughest challenges for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV. This paper presents a novel scheme for Doppler Velocity Log (DVL aided SINS alignment using Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF which allows large initial misalignments. With the proposed mechanism, a nonlinear SINS error model is presented and the measurement model is derived under the assumption that large misalignments may exist. Since a priori knowledge of the measurement noise covariance is of great importance to robustness of the UKF, the covariance-matching methods widely used in the Adaptive KF (AKF are extended for use in Adaptive UKF (AUKF. Experimental results show that the proposed DVL-aided alignment model is effective with any initial heading errors. The performances of the adaptive filtering methods are evaluated with regards to their parameter estimation stability. Furthermore, it is clearly shown that the measurement noise covariance can be estimated reliably by the adaptive UKF methods and hence improve the performance of the alignment.

  12. Palavras, sons e imagens em cartaz: aspectos de intermidialidade no romance Benjamin, de Chico Buarque, e na adaptação cinematográfica de Monique Gardenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Cristina Barros

    2006-12-01

    presentes e relacionadas intimamente entre si, dentro do filme. A combinação e a fusão dessas relações intertextuais e intermidiáticos, no romance e na adaptação, remetem-nos ao conceito de transtextualidade – desenvolvido por Gérard Genette a partir dos termos “dialogismo”, de Mikhail Bakhtin, e “intertextualidade”, de Julia Kristeva, e apropriado pelo crítico de cinema Robert Stam.

  13. Novel liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry method for sensitive determination of the mustard allergen Sin a 1 in food

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarez-Llamas, Gloria; Maes, Xavier; Muñoz-García, Esther; Villalba, Mayte; Rodríguez, Rosalía; Pérez-Gordo, Marina; Vivanco, Fernando; Pérez-Gordo, Carlos; Cuesta-Herranz, Javier

    2015-01-01

    Mustard is a condiment added to a variety of foodstuffs and a frequent cause of food allergy. A new strategy for the detection of mustard allergen in food products is presented. The methodology is based on liquid chromatography analysis coupled to mass spectrometry. Mustard allergen Sin a 1 was purified from yellow mustard seeds. Sin a 1 was detected with a total of five peptides showing a linear response (lowest LOD was 5 ng). Sin a 1 was detected in mustard sauces and salty biscuit (19 ± 3 ...

  14. Calcium isotopic composition of high-latitude proxy carrier Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Eisenhauer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The accurate reconstruction of sea surface temperature (SST history in climate-sensitive regions (e.g. tropical and polar oceans became a challenging task in palaeoceanographic research. Biogenic shell carbonate SST proxies successfully developed for tropical regions often fail in cool water environments. Their major regional shortcomings and the cryptic diversity now found within the major high latitude proxy carrier Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sin. highlight an urgent need to explore complementary SST proxies for these cool-water regions. Here we incorporate the genetic component into a calibration study of a new SST proxy for the high latitudes. We found that the calcium isotopic composition (δ44/40Ca of calcite from genotyped net catches and core-top samples of the planktonic foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sin. is related to temperature and unaffected by genetic variations. The temperature sensitivity has been found to be 0.17 (±0.02‰ per 1°C, highlighting its potential for downcore applications in open marine cool-water environments. Our results further indicate that in extreme polar environments, below a critical threshold temperature of 2.0 (±0.5°C associated with salinities below 33.0 (±0.5‰, a prominent shift in biomineralization affects the δ44/40Ca of genotyped and core-top N. pachyderma (sin., becoming insensitive to temperature. These findings highlight the need of more systematic calibration studies on single planktonic foraminiferal species in order to unravel species-specific factors influencing the temperature sensitivity of Ca isotope fractionation and to validate the proxies' applicability.

  15. Inventario de Sobrecarga en Cuidadores Familiares sin Formación Especializada de Enfermos de Alzheimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes/Objetivo: La demencia tipo Alzheimer es una de las causas más frecuentes de dependencia en población mayor, a lo que se une, la considerable demanda de cuidados. Además, cuando el cuidador es un familiar o una persona sin formación especializada, el cuidado tiene un impacto sobre su salud. Para conocer las necesidades de estos cuidadores y evaluar el nivel de sobrecarga o malestar del cuidador, se realiza la propuesta del Inventario de Sobrecarga en Cuidadores Familiares sin Formación Especializada de Enfermos de Alzheimer (IPSO-CA24. Método: En base a las respuestas de 255 cuidadores, se analizaron las propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario, mediante análisis de fiabilidad, análisis factoriales exploratorios y confirmatorios. Resultados: Los análisis factoriales informan de una estructura de seis factores relacionados (Reacción ante el diagnóstico, Salud física, Sintomatología psicológica (cuidador, Sintomatología conductual (enfermo, Conocimientos de la enfermedad y Nivel de dependencia, con una fiabilidad entre 0,75 y 0,93, que explican el 66,52% de la varianza total. También se obtiene apoyo para su validez convergente. Conclusiones: El IPSO-CA24 viene a dar respuesta a la necesidad de un instrumento que permita una valoración multidimensional de la sobrecarga del cuidador familiar sin formación especializada. © 2017 Asociación Española de Psicología Conductual. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. This is an open access article under the CC BY−NC−ND license (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by−nc−nd/4.0/.

  16. Fractura radicular en incisivo. Evolución favorable sin tratamiento endodóncico

    OpenAIRE

    Berástegui, Esther

    1995-01-01

    Paciente de 16 años que presentó traumatismo agudo en dientes incisivos superiores jugando al baloncesto. El diente 21 sufrió fractura radicular inclinada en tercio medio y el 11 necrosis postraumática a los cuatro meses. Se realizó ferulización del 21 con resinas compuestas durante tres meses, alcanzando éxito en el tratamiento de la fractura , sin realizar endodoncia en el incisivo citado. El 11 requirió tratamiento del conducto debido a la necrosis. Se recomiendan controles posteriores suc...

  17. Tecnologías emergentes para la conservación de alimentos sin calor

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Molina, Juan José; Barbosa-Cánovas, Gustavo V.; Swanson, Barry G.

    2001-01-01

    Not available

    Se han investigado los principios básicos de tres tecnologías emergentes para pasteurizar y esterilizar alimentos sin empleo del calor Mediante numerosos estudios se ha comprobado la efectividad de los campos eléctricos pulsantes de alta intensidad (CEPAI), los pulsos de luz (PL) y los campos magnéticos oscilantes (CMO) en la destrucción de microorganismos y enzimas de sistemas alimentarios. En la inactivación microbiana por CEPA!, el blanco principal es la me...

  18. [Successful treatment of surgically induced necrotizing sclerokeratitis (SINS) with systemic immunosuppresive agents and amniotic membrane grafting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordero-Coma, M; Franco-Benito, M; García-Ruiz-de-Morales, J M; Alonso-Orcajo, N; Del Barrio-Manso, I

    2009-11-01

    We report the case of a 74-year-old female who developed a necrotizing sclerokeratitis affecting her left eye after uncomplicated cataract surgery. She had no previous history of systemic autoimmune disease. Histopathology of the lesion revealed necrotic granulomatosis with an increased number of plasma cells. Surgically induced necrotizing sclerokeratitis (SINS) is a serious entity which requires prompt and aggressive therapy to prevent its potential devastating ocular consequences. Conjunctival resection and amniotic membrane grafting may be necessary to temporarily interrupt local immunologic events in severe cases. However, associated systemic immunomodulatory therapy seems to be mandatory (Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2009; 84: 577-580).

  19. A precision measurement of sin2θw in neutrino nucleon scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    King, B.J.; Arroyo, C.G.; Bachmann, K.T.; Bazarko, A.O.; Bolton, T.; Foudas, C.; Lefmann, W.C.; Leung, W.C.; Mishra, S.R.; Oltman, E.; Quintas, P.Z.; Rabinowitz, S.A.; Sciulli, F.J.; Seligman, W.G.; Shaevitz, M.H.; Merritt, F.S.; Oreglia, M.J.; Schumm, B.A.; Bernstein, R.H.; Borcherding, F.; Fisk, H.E.; Lamm, M.J.; Marsh, W.; Merritt, K.W.B.; Schellman, H.M.; Yovanovitch, D.D.; Bodek, A.; Budd, H.S.; Barbaro, P. de; Sakumoto, W.K.; Kinnel, T.; Sandler, P.H.; Smith, W.H.

    1993-01-01

    A precise measurement of the weak mixing angle is reported from the ratio of the neutral current to charged current inclusive cross-sections in deep-inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering. Using the on-shell definition, the value obtained is currently the most accurate determination of sin 2 θ w in a single experiment. The data were gathered at the CCFR neutrino detector in the Fermilab quadrupole-triplet wide-band neutrino beam, with neutrino energies up to 600 GeV. 2 figs., 1 tab., 14 refs

  20. Pájaros enjaulados: homosexualidad y prisión en Hombres sin mujer

    OpenAIRE

    Gallardo Saborido, Emilio José

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo se centra en la interacción entre homosexualidad y prisión en la novela del cubano Carlos Montenegro titulada “Hombres sin mujer” (1938). A partir de una aproximación sociológica al hecho literario, se analizan estructuralmente las nociones y prácticas homosexuales carcelarias, teniendo en cuenta especialmente sus componentes y la creación de categorías auto-explicativas o etnocategorías, el orden en el que se constituyen estos elementos y los conflictos que los a...

  1. Variables socionutricionales de hogares mazahuas integrados por preescolares desnutridos con madres con obesidad y sin obesidad

    OpenAIRE

    Viridiana Vanessa Conzuelo-González; Ivonne Vizcarra-Bordi

    2009-01-01

    El primer objetivo fue conocer cuántos menores de cinco años con diferentes grados de desnutrición tienen una madre con sobrepeso/obesidad/ en una comunidad indígena que vive en extrema pobreza y bajo condiciones de migración masculina internacional. El segundo fue comparar tres variables socionutricionales (ingreso familiar, educación de la madre y adecuación nutrimental de la dieta diaria) entre estos hogares y los hogares con desnutrición infantil y madres sin obesidad. Se realizó un est...

  2. Variables socionutricionales de hogares mazahuas integrados por preescolares desnutridos con madres con obesidad y sin obesidad

    OpenAIRE

    Viridiana Vanessa Conzuelo-González

    2009-01-01

    El primer objetivo fue conocer cuántos menores de cinco años con diferentes grados de desnutrición tienen una madre con sobrepeso/obesidad/ en una comunidad indígena que vive en extrema pobreza y bajo condiciones de migración masculina internacional. El segundo fue comparar tres variables socionutricionales (ingreso familiar, educación de la madre y adecuación nutrimental de la dieta diaria) entre estos hogares y los hogares con desnutrición infantil y madres sin obesidad. Se realizó un estud...

  3. Precision measurement of sin2thetaW from semileptonic neutrino scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramowicz, H.; Belusevic, R.; Blondel, A.; Blümer, H.; Böckmann, P.; Brummel, H. D.; Buchholz, P.; Burkhardt, H.; Debu, P.; Duda, J.; Dydak, F.; Falkenburg, B.; Fiedler, M.; Geiges, R.; Geweniger, C.; Grant, A. L.; Guyot, C.; Hagelberg, R.; Hepp, V.; Hughes, E. W.; Kampschulte, B.; Keilwerth, H.; Kleinknecht, K.; Knobloch, J.; Krasny, M.; Królikowski, J.; Kurz, N.; Lipniacka, A.; Merlo, J.-P.; Müller, E.; Para, A.; Perez, P.; Perrier, F.; Pollman, D.; Ranjard, F.; Renk, B.; Schuller, J.-P.; Taureg, H.; Tittel, K.; Turlay, R.; Vallage, B.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wotschack, J.

    1986-07-01

    The ratio Rν of the neutral- to charged-current cross sections of neutrinos in iron has been measured in an exposure of the CERN-Dortmund-Heidelberg-Saclay neutrino detector to a 160-GeV/c neutrino narrow-band beam at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. The result is Rν=0.3072+/-0.0025(stat)+/- 0.0020(syst), for hadronic energy greater than 10 GeV. The electroweak mixing parameter is sin2thetaW=0.225+/-0.005(expt )+/-0.003(theor)+0.013(mc-1. 5 GeV/c2), where mc is the charm-quark mass.

  4. HISTOPATOLOGIA DE LA INFECCIÓN EXPERIMENTAL DE OVEJAS SIN LANA Ovis aries POR Neospora caninum

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa Oviedo; Rafael Goretti; Marlene Vargas; Joaquin Patarroyo.

    2003-01-01

    Ovejas sin lana en diferentes estados reproductivos fueron inoculadas por vía intravenosa con taquizoítos deN. caninum muestra «NC-beef» con el fin de estudiar la patofisiología de la enfermedad en estos animales yverificar la posibilidad de ser usados como modelo experimental de neosporosis bovina. Se utilizaron cincoovejas gestantes (una con 15 días, dos con 30 días, dos con 90 días), tres no gestantes y dos con 10 díasposparto. Los animales eran serologicamente negativos para N.caninum y T...

  5. Clima organizacional y disposici?n al cambio en una entidad sin ?nimo de lucro

    OpenAIRE

    G?nzalez-Rubio, Daniella; Quintanilla, Karen

    2017-01-01

    El prop?sito de la investigaci?n fue describir el clima organizacional y la actitud hacia el cambio de los colaboradores de la Fundaci?n Compasi?n y Amor, entidad sin ?nimo de lucro, con el fin de generar una propuesta que contribuya al desarrollo organizacional. Se realiz? una investigaci?n cuantitativa y descriptiva con 15 colaboradores de la Fundaci?n, los que tienen contrato directo y est?n en cargo administrativo y los voluntarios que no tienen contrato. Se dise?? y aplic? una bater?a c...

  6. MODIS/Terra+Aqua Nadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance 16-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid V005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Terra plus Aqua Nadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance 16-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid The MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Nadir BRDF Adjusted...

  7. Evaluasi Perancangan Antarmuka untuk Membangun User Experience pada Layanan SInTA Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neshia Aditya Santoso

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available SInTA is a search engine developed by Duta Wacana Christian University (DWCU to locate references of final task reports or thesis ever made by DWCU students.The existence and function of SInTA is not widely known by students. In addition, SInTA still require many improvements on feature and UI design to simplify the interaction between users and interface.This research use individual expert review approach to evaluate interface, whereas data divided into 6 User Experience measurement scales. The result of evaluation is User Experience recommendation which used to build prototype.Considering User Experience shall be created a prototype which should attract users, meet the needs of users, and satisfy the users. In this research, prototype has higher User Experience mean values rather than SInTA old interface, thereby the research be assessed as being successful.

  8. MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Day V006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Day (MYD21A1D.006). A new suite of MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) and...

  9. MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Night V006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Night (MOD21A1N.006). A new suite of MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) and...

  10. MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Night V006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Night (MYD21A1N.006). A new suite of MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) and...

  11. MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Day V006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Daily L3 Global 1km SIN Grid Day (MOD21A1D.006). A new suite of MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) and...

  12. Consistency and inconsistency in testing biomarkers in breast cancer. A GRELL study in cut-off variability in the Romance language countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crocetti, Emanuele; Caldarella, Adele; Ferretti, Stefano; Ardanaz, Eva; Arveux, Patrick; Bara, Simona; Barrios, Enrique; Bento, Maria J; Bordoni, Andrea; Buzzoni, Carlotta; Candela, Giuseppina; Colombani, Françoise; Delafosse, Patricia; Federico, Massimo; Francart, Julie; Giacomin, Adriano; Grosclaude, Pascale; Guizard, Anne V; Izarzugaza, Isabel; Konzelmann, Isabelle; La Rosa, Francesco; Lapotre, Benedicte; Leone, Nathalie; Ligier, Karine; Mangone, Lucia; Marcos-Gragera, R; Martinez, Ruth; Michelena, Maria J; Michiara, Maria; Miranda, Ana; Molinié, Florence; Mugarza-Gomez, Conception; Paci, Eugenio; Piffer, Silvano; Puig-Vives, Montserrat; Sacchettini, Claudio; Sánchez, Maria J; Traina, Adele; Tretarre, Brigitte; Tumino, Rosario; Van Vaerenbergh, Elke; Velten, Michel; Woronoff, Anne S

    2013-08-01

    Biological markers are crucial factors in order to differentiate female breast cancers and to determine the right therapy. This study aims at evaluating whether testing for biomarkers for female breast cancer has similar frequency and characteristics across and within countries. Population-based cancer registries of the Association for cancer registration and epidemiology in Romance language countries (GRELL) were asked to complete a questionnaire on biomarkers testing. The data collected referred to invasive female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2009. The investigation focused on 1) the overexpression and amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 oncogene (HER2); 2) the expression of oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors; and 3) the proliferation index (PI). Weighted percentages, the heterogeneity among and within countries, and the correlation between responses and calendar years were evaluated. The study was based on 19,644 breast cancers. Overall, 85.9% of the cases were tested for HER2, 91.8% for both ER and PgR, and 74.1% for proliferative markers. For HER2 and ER-PgR, the frequency of testing increased from 2004 to 2009. Testing varied among countries (HER2 from 82.0% to 95.9%, ER-PgR from 89.3% to 98.9%, PI from 10% to 92%) and also within the same country (e.g. HER2 in Italy from 51% to 99%) as well as within single cancer registries. The most relevant differences were in the scores for positive/negative/not clearly defined HER2 (e.g. HER2 was defined positive if IHC 3+ in 21/33 registries), and in the cut-off of positive cells for ER/PgR (from >0% to >30%) and PI positivity (from >0% to >20%). Biological markers are widely tested in the Romance language countries; however, the parameters defining their positivity may vary, raising concerns about homogeneity in breast cancer classification and treatment. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. A structured workflow for mapping human Sin3 histone deacetylase complex interactions using Halo-MudPIT AP-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Charles A S; Thornton, Janet L; Eubanks, Cassandra G; Adams, Mark K; Miah, Sayem; Boanca, Gina; Liu, Xingyu; Katt, Maria; Parmely, Tari; Florens, Laurence A; Washburn, Michael P

    2018-03-29

    Although a variety of affinity purification mass spectrometry (AP-MS) strategies have been used to investigate complex interactions, many of these are susceptible to artifacts due to substantial overexpression of the exogenously expressed bait protein. Here we present a logical and systematic workflow that uses the multifunctional Halo tag to assess the correct localization and behavior of tagged subunits of the Sin3 histone deacetylase complex prior to further AP-MS analysis. Using this workflow, we modified our tagging/expression strategy with 21.7% of the tagged bait proteins that we constructed, allowing us to quickly develop validated reagents. Specifically, we apply the workflow to map interactions between stably expressed versions of the Sin3 subunits SUDS3, SAP30 or SAP30L and other cellular proteins.  Here we show that the SAP30 and SAP30L paralogues strongly associate with the core Sin3 complex, but SAP30L has unique associations with the proteasome and the myelin sheath.  Next, we demonstrate an advancement of the complex NSAF (cNSAF) approach, in which normalization to the scaffold protein SIN3A accounts for variations in the proportion of each bait capturing Sin3 complexes and allows a comparison between different baits capturing the same protein complex. This analysis reveals that although the Sin3 subunit SUDS3 appears to be used in both SIN3A and SIN3B based complexes, the SAP30 subunit is not used in SIN3B based complexes. Intriguingly, we do not detect the Sin3 subunits SAP18 and SAP25 among the 128 high-confidence interactions identified, suggesting that these subunits may not be common to all versions of the Sin3 complex in human cells. This workflow provides the framework for building validated reagents to assemble quantitative interaction networks for chromatin remodeling complexes and provides novel insights into focused protein interaction networks. Published under license by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  14. Demo 94. Campana de vacío : hinchar un globo sin soplar y cocer un huevo en el Everest

    OpenAIRE

    Garro Martínez, Núria

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: a) Hinchar un globo sin soplar: Experimentar la relación entre el volumen y la presión de los gases. Demostrar que es posible hinchar un globo sin insuflar aire en su interior, reduciendo la presión (atmosférica). b) Cocer un huevo en el Everest: Comprobar la disminución del punto de ebullición del agua al reducir la presión (atmosférica)

  15. MEASUREMENT OF SIN 2 BETA IN B0 ---> PHI K0(S)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spanier, Stefan

    2002-07-25

    We present a preliminary measurement of the time-dependent CP-violating asymmetry in the neutral B decay B{sup 0} {yields} {phi}K{sub s}{sup 0}, with {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} and K{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}. The measurement uses a data sample of about 87 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected between 1999 and 2002 with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. In this sample we study events in which the CP final state is fully reconstructed and the flavor of the other neutral B meson is determined from its decay products. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry sin2{beta} is derived from the decay-time distributions. We measure sin2{beta} = -0.19{sub -0.50}{sup +0.52}(stat) {+-} 0.09(syst).

  16. A Study of Large sin2φBs with High Mass Fourth Generation t'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ma Chien Yi

    2009-01-01

    The Standard Model predicts the CP violation phase φ SM Bs -M 12 ≅ (V * ts V tb ) in B s (bar) B s mixing is very small, of O(λ 2 η) ∼ -0.02, any finite value of φ Bs measured at the Tevatron would mean New Physics. Recent hints for finite sin2φ Bs have appeared from CDF and D 0 experiments at the Tevatron Run II. We consider the possibility to account for it with the 4 th generation t' quark. Considering recent direct search bounds, we set the mass to be near the unitarity bound of 600 GeV. Combining the measurement values of Δm Bs with B(B d → X s l + l - , together with typical f Bs values, we find a sizable sin2φ SM4 B s ∼ -0.3. Using a typical value of m b' = 580 GeV, we get a narrow range of values, 0.089 t'b | + → π + ν(bar)ν) and Δm D 0. Finally, we use the ZFITTER code to check the global fit deviation. (author)

  17. METODOLOGÍA PARA UN SCORING DE CLIENTES SIN REFERENCIAS CREDITICIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Espin-García

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Las decisiones de otorgamiento de crédito son cruciales en la administración de riesgos. Las instituciones financieras han desarrollado y usado modelos de credit scoring para estandarizar y automatizar las decisiones de crédito, sin embargo, no es común encontrar metodologías para aplicarlos a clientes sin referencias crediticias, es decir clientes que carecen de información en los burós nacionales de crédito. En este trabajo se presenta una metodología general para construir un modelo sencillo de credit scoring enfocado justamente a esa población, la cual ha venido tomando una mayor importancia en el sector crediticio latinoamericano. Se usa la información sociodemográfica proveniente de las solicitudes de crédito de una pequeña institución bancaria mexicana para ejemplificar la metodología.

  18. SinCHet: a MATLAB toolbox for single cell heterogeneity analysis in cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jiannong; Smalley, Inna; Schell, Michael J; Smalley, Keiran S M; Chen, Y Ann

    2017-09-15

    Single-cell technologies allow characterization of transcriptomes and epigenomes for individual cells under different conditions and provide unprecedented resolution for researchers to investigate cellular heterogeneity in cancer. The SinCHet ( gle ell erogeneity) toolbox is developed in MATLAB and has a graphical user interface (GUI) for visualization and user interaction. It analyzes both continuous (e.g. mRNA expression) and binary omics data (e.g. discretized methylation data). The toolbox does not only quantify cellular heterogeneity using S hannon P rofile (SP) at different clonal resolutions but also detects heterogeneity differences using a D statistic between two populations. It is defined as the area under the P rofile of S hannon D ifference (PSD). This flexible tool provides a default clonal resolution using the change point of PSD detected by multivariate adaptive regression splines model; it also allows user-defined clonal resolutions for further investigation. This tool provides insights into emerging or disappearing clones between conditions, and enables the prioritization of biomarkers for follow-up experiments based on heterogeneity or marker differences between and/or within cell populations. The SinCHet software is freely available for non-profit academic use. The source code, example datasets, and the compiled package are available at http://labpages2.moffitt.org/chen/software/ . ann.chen@moffitt.org. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press.

  19. An SINS/GNSS Ground Vehicle Gravimetry Test Based on SGA-WZ02

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruihang Yu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In March 2015, a ground vehicle gravimetry test was implemented in eastern Changsha to assess the repeatability and accuracy of ground vehicle SINS/GNSS gravimeter—SGA-WZ02. The gravity system developed by NUDT consisted of a Strapdown Inertial Navigation System (SINS, a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS remote station on test vehicle, a GNSS static master station on the ground, and a data logging subsystem. A south-north profile of 35 km along the highway in eastern Changsha was chosen and four repeated available measure lines were obtained. The average speed of a vehicle is 40 km/h. To assess the external ground gravity disturbances, precise ground gravity data was built by CG-5 precise gravimeter as the reference. Under relative smooth conditions, internal accuracy among repeated lines shows an average agreement at the level of 1.86 mGal for half wavelengths about 1.1 km, and 1.22 mGal for 1.7 km. The root-mean-square (RMS of difference between calculated gravity data and reference data is about 2.27 mGal/1.1 km, and 1.74 mGal/1.7 km. Not all of the noises caused by vehicle itself and experiments environments were eliminated in the primary results. By means of selecting reasonable filters and improving the GNSS observation conditions, further developments in ground vehicle gravimetry are promising.

  20. An SINS/GNSS Ground Vehicle Gravimetry Test Based on SGA-WZ02.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Ruihang; Cai, Shaokun; Wu, Meiping; Cao, Juliang; Zhang, Kaidong

    2015-09-16

    In March 2015, a ground vehicle gravimetry test was implemented in eastern Changsha to assess the repeatability and accuracy of ground vehicle SINS/GNSS gravimeter-SGA-WZ02. The gravity system developed by NUDT consisted of a Strapdown Inertial Navigation System (SINS), a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) remote station on test vehicle, a GNSS static master station on the ground, and a data logging subsystem. A south-north profile of 35 km along the highway in eastern Changsha was chosen and four repeated available measure lines were obtained. The average speed of a vehicle is 40 km/h. To assess the external ground gravity disturbances, precise ground gravity data was built by CG-5 precise gravimeter as the reference. Under relative smooth conditions, internal accuracy among repeated lines shows an average agreement at the level of 1.86 mGal for half wavelengths about 1.1 km, and 1.22 mGal for 1.7 km. The root-mean-square (RMS) of difference between calculated gravity data and reference data is about 2.27 mGal/1.1 km, and 1.74 mGal/1.7 km. Not all of the noises caused by vehicle itself and experiments environments were eliminated in the primary results. By means of selecting reasonable filters and improving the GNSS observation conditions, further developments in ground vehicle gravimetry are promising.

  1. Las lenguas romances y la evangelización granadina. La aportación de Hernando de Talavera y la liturgia en arábigo de Pedro de Alcalá = Romance Languages and the Evangelization of Granada. The Contribution of Hernando de Talavera and the Arabic Liturgy of

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JESÚS R. FOLGADO GARCÍA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La intuición del confesor de Isabel la Católica, Hernando de Talavera, de promover la publicación de la «Gramática de la lengua castellana» de Nebrija buscaba la extensión de los nuevos valores que quería generar la nueva concepción de estado que promovían sus penitentes, así como la explicación comprensible de la fe cristiana. El uso de la lengua romance como vehículo transmisor de los valores que generaban la fe, fue usado también en la evangelización granadina tras su conquista, con los escritos del jerónimo fray Pedro de Alcalá, donde se promovía la celebración de la misa y la catequesis iniciática a la fe en arábigo.Seeking the publication of Nebrija’s «Gramática de la lengua castellana» was an intuitive move on the part of Hernando de Talavera, Isabel the Catholic’s confessor. Talavera sought the promotion of the values found in the concept of State advanced by his benefactors, as well as a new comprehensible means to explain the Christian faith. The use of the romance language as a means of transmission of the values derived from the faith were used in the evangelization of Granada after its conquest along with other writings of the Hieronymite friar, Pedro de Alcalá, who favored the celebration of mass and initial Christian catechism in Arabic.

  2. Sin práctica no hay discurso, sin cuerpo no hay saber: Sobre legitimidades en las teorías de la descolonización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ximena Postigo

    2016-03-01

    En todo proceso de descolonización del saber, tan importante como la afirmación de una autonomía epistemológica y práctica es el reconocimiento del lugar de enunciación desde el que esta se produce. Una teoría de la descolonización elaborada desde la observación de los movimientos sociales no es semejante a una producida desde el propio movimiento social. En el primer caso, la teoría de lo de-colonial no deriva ni nace de una práctica. Walter Mignolo, por ejemplo, quien define su propuesta teórica como “la intervención de un pensador de-colonial”, escribe desde este lugar. En el segundo caso, la teoría se piensa desde y para el movimiento de los cuerpos. Así, Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui –para quien postulados como los de Mignolo dan cuenta de otra forma de colonialismo­– sostiene que un pensamiento de la descolonización es inimaginable sin una práctica descoloniozadora. En este contexto interno-externo, una mirada al Estado Plurinacional desde intervenciones como las de Mignolo tiende a una idealización binaria que no contribuye al proceso descolonizador sino, más bien, a una rearticulación del pensamiento occidental. A su vez, esta idealización es desmentida por discursos internos que ven en el gobierno de Evo Morales una incoherencia entre el discurso y la práctica. Este artículo explora todas estas instancias, reconociendo en las teorías producidas desde la lucha los pilares del Estado Plurinacional, y en las tensiones entre poderosos aquello que más bien, oscurece el valor del movimiento social.

  3. História e romance: a idéia de história em As aventuras de Telêmaco e as relações entre o texto histórico e a prosa ficcional na passagem dos séculos XVII-XVIII - History and romance: the concept of history in As aventuras de Telêmaco and thye relationshi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Martins

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O romance moderno emerge na passagem do século XVII para o XVIII, tornando-se nesse último um gênero literário que cai no gosto dos leitores. Esse texto pretende analisar as relações entre a prosa ficcional, o romance e seu aspecto realista, e a narrativa histórica feitas nesse período; bem como a manifestação dessas relações no romance pedagógico As Aventuras de Telêmaco de Fénelon, um dos romances mais lidos durante todo o século XVIII. Pretende-se também analisar a idéia de história presente neste romance e o seu diálogo com as concepções de história no Antigo Regime. Palavras-chave: romance; escrita histórica; idéia de história.   HISTORY AND ROMANCE: THE CONCEPT OF “HISTORY” IN “AS AVENTURAS DE TELÊMACO” AND THYE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE HISTORICAL TEXT AND THE FICTIONAL PROSE BETWEEN THE XVII AND THE XVIII CENTURIES Abstract The novel rises in the passage of 17th to 18th century, becoming a literary genre that captivates readers from 18th century on. This article intends to analyse the relationships beteween fictional prose, novel and its realistic side, and historic narrative written at that time. It is as well intended to analyse the manifestation of these relationships in the pedagogical novel As Aventuras de Telêmaco by Fénelon, which is one of the novels most read throughout the 18th century. At last, the following paper plans to enquiry the idea of history existing in this novel and its dialogue with the conceptions of history at the Ancien Régime. Keywords: novel; historical writing; idea of history.   HISTORIA Y NOVELA: LA IDEA DE HISTORIA EN LAS AVENTURAS DE TELÉMACO Y LAS RELACIONES ENTRE EL TEXTO HISTÓRICO Y LA PROSA DE FICCIÓN EN EL PASAJE DE LOS SIGLOS XVII-XVIII Resumen La novela moderna emerge en el pasaje del siglo XVII para el XVIII, tornándose en ese último un género literario que cae en el gusto de los lectores. Ese texto pretende analizar las relaciones entre la

  4. Kirsten Fudeman, Aaron Lawson, Carol Rosen and Devon Strolovitch (Editors, Cornell Working Papers in Linguistics, Romance Philology 17, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 1999, 196 pagine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Sotto questo titolo è apparsa nell'autunno del 1999 un'antologia curata dai quattro editori,. contenente 29 brani ( ad opera dei curatori e altri collaboratori. Le linee direttrici sono esposte nella prefazione (Preface, 2 pagine introduttive fuori paginazione. La base è l'antologia Early Romance Texts: An Anthology (1980 di Rodney Sampson, definita invaluable, ma ormai di difficile accesso. Perciò, con la presente scelta di testi si cerca di ovviare a questa situazione. Ci sono però determinati limiti: infatti, sono stati tralasciati i testi più noti, canonici, già bene studiati, ma nel contempo si è desistito anche dall'includere soltanto testi finora non pubblicati. In tal modo si è scelta una via di mezzo, includendo i testi meno noti e meno discussi, tutti pubblicati, è vero, già prima ma in places now considered relatively obscure e parecchio tempo (perfino tutto un secolo fa. La struttura di tutti i contributi è identica: ad una succinta introduzione (dati essenziali sul relativo testo seguono il brano, i commenti, la bibliografia e la traduzione inglese. In tal modo l'antologia è coerente, di facile orientamento ed altrettanto facili confronti tra i singoli testi, il che è di notevole importanza scientifica e pedagogica. Infine, i curatori fanno risaltare il ruolo delle ricerche filologiche negli studi più propriamente linguistici.

  5. Cavalgando no dorso do tempo: a constituição da narrativa e o aspecto contemporâneo no romance de Mariana Lage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella Banducci Amizo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre o livro No dorso do leão (2013, primeiro romance da escritora mineira Mariana Lage. A partir da problematização dos estudos de teóricos como Theodor Adorno e Walter Benjamin, assim como dos brasileiros Jaime Ginzburg e Silviano Santiago, entre outros, trata dos principais elementos presentes na obra referentes à constituição da narrativa na contemporaneidade.  A narrativa se desenvolve por meio de cartas e notas, as quais transmitem ideias e sentimentos das personagens, explorando a busca por uma identidade e um sentido para a existência, a fuga e a procura de si mesmo, o caos interior como reflexo do caótico com que se lida externamente. O artigo, atento a tais aspectos, procura refletir sobre a relação da obra com a produção literária contemporânea.

  6. O lugar filosófico da negociação, no romance «Teatro», de Bernardo Carvalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luís de Araújo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A leitura do romance Teatro (1998, de Bernardo Carvalho, incita-nos ao questionamento das condições nas quais se produz e se comunica o saber, uma vez que o já acalorado debate em torno dos Estudos Culturais, conforme defendido por Néstor García Canclini, Walter Mignolo, Homi Bhabha, Edward Said, entre outros, demonstrou não existir um local geográfico ou epistemológico privilegiado que detenha os direitos de propriedade sobre as práticas teóricas, mas apenas um “local filosófico” de discussão.Palavras-chave: Bernardo Carvalho; Teatro; estudos culturais; filosofia.Resumen: La lectura de la novela Teatro (1998, de Bernardo Carvalho, nos incita al cuestionamiento de las condiciones en las que se produce y se comunica el saber, una vez que el  candente debate en torno a los Estudios Culturales, conforme defendido por Néstor García Canclini, Walter Mignolo, Homi Bhabha, Edward Said, entre otros, demostró no existir un local geográfico o epistemológico privilegiado que detenga los derechos de propiedad sobre las prácticas teóricas, sino apenas un “local filosófico” de discusión.Palabras-clave: Bernardo Carvalho; Teatro; estudios culturales; filosofía.Keywords: Bernardo Carvalho; Teatro; cultural studies; philosophy.

  7. Dual Regulation of Bacillus subtilis kinB Gene Encoding a Sporulation Trigger by SinR through Transcription Repression and Positive Stringent Transcription Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasutaro Fujita

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available It is known that transcription of kinB encoding a trigger for Bacillus subtilis sporulation is under repression by SinR, a master repressor of biofilm formation, and under positive stringent transcription control depending on the adenine species at the transcription initiation nucleotide (nt. Deletion and base substitution analyses of the kinB promoter (PkinB region using lacZ fusions indicated that either a 5-nt deletion (Δ5, nt -61/-57, +1 is the transcription initiation nt or the substitution of G at nt -45 with A (G-45A relieved kinB repression. Thus, we found a pair of SinR-binding consensus sequences (GTTCTYT; Y is T or C in an inverted orientation (SinR-1 between nt -57/-42, which is most likely a SinR-binding site for kinB repression. This relief from SinR repression likely requires SinI, an antagonist of SinR. Surprisingly, we found that SinR is essential for positive stringent transcription control of PkinB. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA analysis indicated that SinR bound not only to SinR-1 but also to SinR-2 (nt -29/-8 consisting of another pair of SinR consensus sequences in a tandem repeat arrangement; the two sequences partially overlap the ‘-35’ and ‘-10’ regions of PkinB. Introduction of base substitutions (T-27C C-26T in the upstream consensus sequence of SinR-2 affected positive stringent transcription control of PkinB, suggesting that SinR binding to SinR-2 likely causes this positive control. EMSA also implied that RNA polymerase and SinR are possibly bound together to SinR-2 to form a transcription initiation complex for kinB transcription. Thus, it was suggested in this work that derepression of kinB from SinR repression by SinI induced by Spo0A∼P and occurrence of SinR-dependent positive stringent transcription control of kinB might induce effective sporulation cooperatively, implying an intimate interplay by stringent response, sporulation, and biofilm formation.

  8. El problema del crecimiento sostenible ¿cómo crecer sin destruirse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Saravia Rios

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available De una u otra forma las organizaciones perciben el crecer como una meta necesaria en la planeación estratégica y cuando se logra el crecimiento buscado se supone una gestión exitosa. Sin embargo, en ocasiones no hay claridad sobre lo que significa crecer, cuáles son sus efectos y no se comprende con profundidad el significado de una buena gestión. Es común ver a las organizaciones formular preguntas como:¿Crecer significa vender más?, ¿Hasta dónde puedo crecer? ¿Crecer es tener mayor infraestructura y personal? ¿Qué tan rentable seré creciendo? o presentando afirmaciones como: “la meta del plan estratégico para este año es crecer un 20%, eso nos posicionará como el número uno en el sector”. La meta de una organización debe ser: ser sostenible y el crecer, puede ser una estrategia para lograrla, sin embargo, el crecer por sí mismo no necesariamente genera sostenibilidad, por esto, si una organización lo entiende como su meta puede comprometer su viabilidad. El problema del crecimiento tiene varias dimensiones de análisis que involucran todas las instancias de una organización, por ejemplo, se necesita tener acceso a la información del mercado y el entorno, se necesita tener la inteligencia para comprender esta información, se necesita una estructura organizacional dinámica, flexible e innovadora, es necesario comprender cómo los diferentes procesos interactúan y qué recursos necesitan. Para entender el crecer como una estrategia, se hace necesaria su formalización, y el uso de herramientas que permitan su manejo, estas herramientas deberán incluir las diferentes dimensiones de análisis. Mediante el uso de estos modelos, una organización puede diseñar una estrategia de crecimiento coherente con sus metas, y sin el riesgo de comprometer su estabilidad.

  9. Molecular basis of the activity of SinR protein, the master regulator of biofilm formation in Bacillus subtilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Joseph A; Rodrigues, Cecilia; Lewis, Richard J

    2013-04-12

    Bacterial biofilms are complex communities of cells that are attached to a surface by an extracellular matrix. Biofilms are an increasing environmental and healthcare issue, causing problems ranging from the biofouling of ocean-going vessels, to dental plaque, infections of the urinary tract, and contamination of medical instruments such as catheters. A complete understanding of biofilm formation therefore requires knowledge of the regulatory pathways underpinning its formation so that effective intervention strategies can be determined. The master regulator that determines whether the gram-positive model organism Bacillus subtilis switches from a free-living, planktonic lifestyle to form a biofilm is called SinR. The activity of SinR, a transcriptional regulator, is controlled by its antagonists, SinI, SlrA, and SlrR. The interaction of these four proteins forms a switch, which determines whether or not SinR can inhibit biofilm formation by its repression of a number of extracellular matrix-associated operons. To determine the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters governing the protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions at the heart of this epigenetic switch, we have analyzed the protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions by isothermal titration calorimetry and surface plasmon resonance. We also present the crystal structure of SinR in complex with DNA, revealing the molecular basis of base-specific DNA recognition by SinR and suggesting that the most effective means of transcriptional control occurs by the looping of promoter DNA. The structural analysis also enables predictions about how SinR activity is controlled by its interaction with its antagonists.

  10. IMPLICANCIAS ÉTICAS Y JURÍDICAS EN EL DESARROLLO DE LA BIOTECNOLOGÍA TRANSGÉNICA. REFLEXIONES EN TORNO A LA TRAMITACIÓN DE LA LEY DE OBTENTORES VEGETALES EN CHILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Isabel Cornejo Plaza

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recientemente ha sido aprobada por la Cámara de Diputados en Chile la tramitación de la Ley de Obtentores Vegetales (Ley Monsanto. Esta investigación pretende un análisis analítico, crítico e interpretativo de un proyecto de ley que debiera seguir ciertos parámetros éticos. Los derechos de obtentores vegetales son un sistema de propiedad intelectual para la protección específica de nuevas variedades de plantas. Para que una variedad pueda ser protegida, debe ser nueva, distinta, uniforme y estable. Los derechos de obtentor se rigen bajo la Unión Internacional para la Protección de las Obtenciones Vegetales (UPOV. Chile ha adherido a UPOV en acta 1978 en 1996, y lo implementa mediante la Ley de Obtentores de Nuevas Variedades Vegetales, No. 19.342 de 1994. Sin embargo, Chile firmó un acuerdo de Libre Comercio con Estados Unidos, donde se compromete a incorporarse a la versión de UPOV 1991. Esta iniciativa ha causado gran resquemor en la sociedad civil chilena y en el mundo político. Grandes son también las aristas éticas en torno a esta iniciativa, desde que la normativa privatizaría las semillas y concentraría la propiedad de estas en pocas empresas, entre las cuales se presumen intereses económicos de Monsanto. Además, el proyecto de ley estaría violando el convenio 169 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT sobre biodiversidad. Por otro lado, en Chile no existe un catastro de recursos "fitogenéticos" adecuado. Respeto a la discusión bioética, esta normativa no considera reflexiones en torno a los principios de precaución, solidaridad, multiculturalidad, responsabilidad y sustentabilidad con el medio ambiente en el contexto global. Consideramos que una adecuada legislación en torno a los transgénicos puede sin duda ayudar al progreso con equidad.

  11. LA ESFERA AFECTIVA EN LA EDUCACIÓN DE LOS MENORES SIN AMPARO FAMILIAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alybé Moreno-Aurioles Matamoros

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Se abordan los principios y categorías que sustentan el tratamiento educativo en la atención a las necesidades educativas especiales originadas por el fenómeno desamparo familiar, desde la concepción de familia, teniendo en cuenta que en los centros de asistencia social donde son atendidos los menores sin amparo familiar se debe cumplir con las funciones establecidas para la familia en nuestra sociedad. Se reflejan elementos que obligatoriamente deben tenerse en cuenta para favorecer el desarrollo de la esfera afectiva como las vivencias, actividad, educación, enfatizando en las características de esta esfera, base de la personalidad, unida a la cognitiva.

  12. Error Analysis and Compensation of Gyrocompass Alignment for SINS on Moving Base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An improved method of gyrocompass alignment for strap-down inertial navigation system (SINS on moving base assisted with Doppler velocity log (DVL is proposed in this paper. After analyzing the classical gyrocompass alignment principle on static base, implementation of compass alignment on moving base is given in detail. Furthermore, based on analysis of velocity error, latitude error, and acceleration error on moving base, two improvements are introduced to ensure alignment accuracy and speed: (1 the system parameters are redesigned to decrease the acceleration interference and (2 a data repeated calculation algorithm is used in order to shorten the prolonged alignment time caused by changes in parameters. Simulation and test results indicate that the improved method can realize the alignment on moving base quickly and effectively.

  13. residenciales de madres sin cónyuge en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Zamorano Villarreal

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se abordarán los itinerarios y las prácticas residenciales de madres sin cónyuge en Ciudad Juárez, ese punto de convergencia de inmigrantes nacionales y capitales internacionales y ahora, una de las más importantes ciudades maquiladoras del país. A partir de 51 historias de vida con trabajadoras de esta industria, se comparan los itinerarios residenciales de familias monoparentales con los de familias biparentales. Esta comparación permite ver las desventajas de las primeras para ingresar al mercado de la vivienda, que no se explican únicamente por factores de orden económico, sino también moral y práctico.

  14. Lithography-based fabrication of nanopore arrays in freestanding SiN and graphene membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verschueren, Daniel V.; Yang, Wayne; Dekker, Cees

    2018-04-01

    We report a simple and scalable technique for the fabrication of nanopore arrays on freestanding SiN and graphene membranes based on electron-beam lithography and reactive ion etching. By controlling the dose of the single-shot electron-beam exposure, circular nanopores of any size down to 16 nm in diameter can be fabricated in both materials at high accuracy and precision. We demonstrate the sensing capabilities of these nanopores by translocating dsDNA through pores fabricated using this method, and find signal-to-noise characteristics on par with transmission-electron-microscope-drilled nanopores. This versatile lithography-based approach allows for the high-throughput manufacturing of nanopores and can in principle be used on any substrate, in particular membranes made out of transferable two-dimensional materials.

  15. Assessing prevention measures and Sin Nombre hantavirus seroprevalence among workers at Yosemite National Park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilken, Jason A; Jackson, Rebecca; Materna, Barbara L; Windham, Gayle C; Enge, Barryett; Messenger, Sharon; Xia, Dongxiang; Knust, Barbara; Buttke, Danielle; Roisman, Rachel

    2015-06-01

    During 2012, a total of 10 overnight visitors to Yosemite National Park (Yosemite) became infected with a hantavirus (Sin Nombre virus [SNV]); three died. SNV infections have been identified among persons with occupational exposure to deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus). We assessed SNV infection prevalence, work and living environments, mice exposures, and SNV prevention training, knowledge, and practices among workers of two major employers at Yosemite during September-October, 2012 by voluntary blood testing and a questionnaire. One of 526 participants had evidence of previous SNV infection. Participants reported frequently observing rodent infestations at work and home and not always following prescribed safety practices for tasks, including infestation cleanup. Although participants had multiple exposures to deer mice, we did not find evidence of widespread SNV infections. Nevertheless, employees working around deer mice should receive appropriate training and consistently follow prevention policies for high-risk activities. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Precision measurement of sin/sup 2/theta/sub W/ from semileptonic neutrino scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abramowicz, H.; Belusevic, R.; Blondel, A.; Bluemer, H.; Boeckmann, P.; Brummel, H.D.; Buchholz, P.; Burkhardt, H.; Debu, P.; Duda, J.; Dydak, F.; Falkenburg, B.; Fiedler, M.; Geiges, R.; Geweniger, C.; Grant, A.L.; Guyot, C.; Hagelberg, R.; Hepp, V.; Hughes, E.W.; Kampschulte, B.; Keilwerth, H.; Kleinknecht, K.; Knobloch, J.; Krasny, M.; Kro-acute-accentlikowski, J.; Kurz, N.; Lipniacka, A.; Merlo, J.; Mueller, E.; Para, A.; Perez, P.; Perrier, F.; Pollman, D.; Ranjard, F.; Renk, B.; Schuller, J.; Taureg, H.; Tittel, K.; Turlay, R.; Vallage, B.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wotschack, J.

    1986-07-21

    The ratio R-italic/sub ..nu../ of the neutral- to charged-current cross sections of neutrinos in iron has been measured in an exposure of the CERN-Dortmund-Heidelberg-Saclay neutrino detector to a 160-GeV/c-italic neutrino narrow-band beam at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. The result is R-italic/sub ..nu../ = 0.3072 +- 0.0025(stat) +- 0.0020(syst), for hadronic energy greater than 10 GeV. The electroweak mixing parameter is sin/sup 2/theta/sub W/ = 0.225 +- 0.005(expt ) +- 0.003(theor)+0.013(m-italic/sub c-italic/-1. 5 GeV/c-italic/sup 2/), where m-italic/sub c-italic/ is the charm-quark mass.

  17. Cost of global warming may be 'sin' taxes on CO 2 use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nilson, Cliff.

    1995-01-01

    One suggested solution for curbing carbon dioxide emissions and thus stopping the so-called greenhouse effect is taxing the emissions. A meeting in Maastrict, The Netherlands, The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change declared that greenhouse emissions are putting the worlds climate at serious risk. The panel called on both industry and governments to act 'urgently' to deal with the threat. For some who have been watching world temperature closely, all of this concern may seem a bit strange. Worldwide temperatures had cooled by approximately 0.08 degrees Fahrenheit in the five years between 1987 and 1992, perhaps the strongest arguments for global warming come from surface temperature measurement, taken primarily at weather stations, show a steady march toward warmer temperatures since 1980 or so. Despite the satellite record and other evidence that nothing of global warming are yet appearing CO 2 sin taxes seem a likely possibility in at least some European countries and perhaps in Canada. (author)

  18. COMUNICACIÓN, CONOCIMIENTO Y PODER SIN AGENDA SOBRE LA SEGURIDAD CIUDADANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel de Jesús Rocha Picón

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo reflexiona analíticamente sobre la comunicación, el poder y el conocimiento sin agenda sobre la seguridad ciudadana. En la comunicación está surgiendo el “Paradigma de comunicación de seguridad”, con fuertes bases éticas, moral y ciudadana, como mecanismo de colaboración mutua y prioridad en las relaciones de comunicación. Las relaciones de poder se basan en el “Paradigma de la dialógica” promoviendo espacios de diálogo y discusión. En el conocimiento se crearían condiciones y estrategias apropiadas para promoverse, articulando programas tanto a nivel local, sectorial, institucional y universitario, para brindar un esarrollo de la seguridad ciudadana con una fuerte base científica.

  19. Adolfo Bioy casares y Mario Bellatin: sobre cartas sin cuerpo y acantilados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Fernandes Cipreste

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Se propone una lectura de dos escritores hispanoamericanos – Adolfo Bioy Casares y Mario Bellatin – con el propósito de reflexionar sobre discursos de poder, incluido el ámbito de la Crítica Latinoamericana. Se entienden las experiencias de los personajes de sus obras, y también el ethos de ambos los autores, como una existência ética y estética que resiste a los intentos de categorizaciones. La propuesta se hace a la luz del concepto de Comunidad, del filósofo italiano Roberto Esposito, y de la discusión de Hugo Achugar sobre lo local y lo global en América Latina. Dos imágenes inspiran ese análisis: la carta sin cuerpo en Dormir al sol, de Casares; y el acantilado de Bellatin en Los fantasmas del masajista.

  20. Sexo sin reproducción y reproducción sin sexo. Sexualidad y salud reproductiva de los donantes de semen y óvulos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez Plaza, Consuelo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Human-assisted reproductive technology (HART appeared in the 1970s to help resolve sterility problems. Advances in this field opened up multiple options both for heterosexual couples with fertility problems and for other groups who saw the opportunity to access maternity/paternity at any point in their lifestage and/or without the need for reproductive coitus. The access of new groups (homosexual couples, men and women without partners, late access to maternity... has led to an increased need for gamete donors. This paper presents research conducted in assisted reproduction clinics in the Autonomous Region of Madrid in Spain. The research shows the control process exercised with male and female donors, whose bodies are dissociated in order to act as mere reproducers who meet the maternity and/or paternity needs and wishes of others. We will refer both to the consequences for egg and semen donors in terms of the modification of sexual habits, and to the repercussions for the reproductive health of egg donors.Las técnicas de reproducción humana asistida (TRHA surgen en los años 70 para solucionar problemas de esterilidad. Los avances en este campo abrieron múltiples opciones para parejas heterosexuales con problemas de fertilidad y para otros grupos que vieron cubrir sus expectativas para acceder a la maternidad/paternidad en cualquier momento de su ciclo vital y/u obviando el coito reproductivo. El acceso de nuevos grupos (parejas homosexuales, mujeres y hombres sin pareja, acceso tardío a la maternidad, ha provocado un aumento de la necesidad de gametos de donantes. Esta propuesta presenta una investigación llevada a cabo en clínicas de reproducción asistida de la Comunidad de Madrid (España. Se mostrará cómo se ejerce un control sobre los y las donantes quedando sus cuerpos disociados como meros reproductores al servicio de las necesidades y deseos de maternidad y/o paternidad de otros. Se pondrá de manifiesto las consecuencias para

  1. Autoprotección del aluminio anodizado sin sellar expuesto a la atmósfera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escudero, E.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available To confirm or refute the widely held idea that the sealing operation is vital to guarantee the good resistance of anodised aluminium to atmospheric corrosion, unsealed anodised specimens with three different film thicknesses were exposed in 9 atmospheres in Iberoamérica with salinity values of between 3.9 and 684 mg m sup>-2 day-1 of chlorides. Using a wide variety of techniques, from scanning and transmission electron microscopy to direct measurements by gravimetry, and including indirect measurements by electrochemical techniques as well as standard sealing quality control tests, the self-sealing capacity of unsealed anodic coatings during atmospheric exposure is demonstrated. Surprisingly, unlike other types of protective coatings, the quality of anodic films improves with ageing. Keywords

    Para confirmar o rebatir la idea, muy difundida, de que la operación de sellado es imprescindible para garantizar una buena resistencia del aluminio anodizado a la corrosión atmosférica, se expusieron muestras de anodizados sin sellar, de tres espesores diferentes, en 9 atmósferas de Iberoamérica, con salinidades comprendidas entre 3,9 y 684 mg m-2 d-1 de cloruros. Por las más variadas técnicas, desde la microscopía electrónica de barrido o transmisión a la medida directa por gravimetría, pasando por los ensayos normalizados de control de calidad del sellado y la medida indirecta por técnicas electroquímicas, se demuestra la capacidad de autosellado, durante la exposición a la atmósfera, de los recubrimientos anódicos sin sellar. Sorprendentemente, a diferencia de lo que ocurre en recubrimientos protectores de otra naturaleza, la calidad de los anodizados mejora con el envejecimiento.

  2. A Novel Robust H∞ Filter Based on Krein Space Theory in the SINS/CNS Attitude Reference System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Yu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Owing to their numerous merits, such as compact, autonomous and independence, the strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS and celestial navigation system (CNS can be used in marine applications. What is more, due to the complementary navigation information obtained from two different kinds of sensors, the accuracy of the SINS/CNS integrated navigation system can be enhanced availably. Thus, the SINS/CNS system is widely used in the marine navigation field. However, the CNS is easily interfered with by the surroundings, which will lead to the output being discontinuous. Thus, the uncertainty problem caused by the lost measurement will reduce the system accuracy. In this paper, a robust H∞ filter based on the Krein space theory is proposed. The Krein space theory is introduced firstly, and then, the linear state and observation models of the SINS/CNS integrated navigation system are established reasonably. By taking the uncertainty problem into account, in this paper, a new robust H∞ filter is proposed to improve the robustness of the integrated system. At last, this new robust filter based on the Krein space theory is estimated by numerical simulations and actual experiments. Additionally, the simulation and experiment results and analysis show that the attitude errors can be reduced by utilizing the proposed robust filter effectively when the measurements are missing discontinuous. Compared to the traditional Kalman filter (KF method, the accuracy of the SINS/CNS integrated system is improved, verifying the robustness and the availability of the proposed robust H∞ filter.

  3. A Feasibility Analysis of Land-Based SINS/GNSS Gravimetry for Groundwater Resource Detection in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Kai-Wei; Lin, Cheng-An; Kuo, Chung-Yen

    2015-09-29

    The integration of the Strapdown Inertial Navigation System and Global Navigation Satellite System (SINS/GNSS) has been implemented for land-based gravimetry and has been proven to perform well in estimating gravity. Based on the mGal-level gravimetry results, this research aims to construct and develop a land-based SINS/GNSS gravimetry device containing a navigation-grade Inertial Measurement Unit. This research also presents a feasibility analysis for groundwater resource detection. A preliminary comparison of the kinematic velocities and accelerations using multi-combination of GNSS data including Global Positioning System, Global Navigation Satellite System, and BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, indicates that three-system observations performed better than two-system data in the computation. A comparison of gravity derived from SINS/GNSS and measured using a relative gravimeter also shows that both agree reasonably well with a mean difference of 2.30 mGal. The mean difference between repeat measurements of gravity disturbance using SINS/GNSS is 2.46 mGal with a standard deviation of 1.32 mGal. The gravity variation because of the groundwater at Pingtung Plain, Taiwan could reach 2.72 mGal. Hence, the developed land-based SINS/GNSS gravimetry can sufficiently and effectively detect groundwater resources.

  4. Higher order mode suppression in high-Q anomalous dispersion SiN microresonators for temporal dissipative Kerr soliton formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordts, A; Pfeiffer, M H P; Guo, H; Brasch, V; Kippenberg, T J

    2016-02-01

    High-Q silicon nitride (SiN) microresonators enable optical Kerr frequency comb generation on a photonic chip and have recently been shown to support fully coherent combs based on temporal dissipative Kerr soliton formation. For bright soliton formation, it is necessary to operate SiN waveguides in the multimode regime in order to produce waveguide induced anomalous group velocity dispersion. However, this regime can lead to local disturbances of the dispersion due to avoided crossings caused by coupling between different mode families and, therefore, prevent the soliton formation. Here, we demonstrate that a single-mode "filtering" section inside high-Q resonators enables efficiently suppression of avoided crossings, while preserving high quality factors (Q∼10(6)). We verify the approach by demonstrating single soliton formation in SiN resonators with a filtering section.

  5. Búsqueda de Colocaciones en la Web para Sinónimos de Wordnet Búsqueda de Colocaciones en la Web para Sinónimos de Wordnet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Montes -y-Gómez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La Web es sin lugar a dudas el repositorio de información más grande jamás construido por el ser humano. Con más de cuatro mil millones de páginas indexadas por los motores de búsqueda públicos, la Web representa el mayor y más amplio corpus textual disponible en la actualidad. Por su valor lingüístico, dado que contiene información en más de 1 500 lenguajes, este corpus está siendo usado con gran éxito en muchas tareas de procesamientodel lenguaje natural. En particular, varios métodos de minería de datos se han aplicado para extraer de la Web algunos tipos de patrones lingüísticos útiles para tareas como la traducción automática y búsqueda de respuestas. En este artículo presentamos un método que permite encontrar combinaciones de palabras significativas a los diferentes sentidos atribuibles a una palabra polisémica. Los experimentos realizados, aunque preliminares, muestran el gran potencial del método propuesto para encontrar estas colocaciones por sentido usando la Web como corpus, así como la viabilidad de la incorporación de dichas colocaciones en sistemas de desambiguación del sentido de las palabras, que pueden a su vez ser usados en sistemas de traducción automática y recuperación de información.There is no doubt that the Web is the biggest information repository ever before constructed by human beings. With more than four billion pages index-linked by the public search engines, the Web represents the biggest and the widest textual corpus available in our days. Because his high linguistic value, because contains information in more than 1500 different languages, this corpus is being used with great success in many tasks related to the natural language process. In particular, several methods of data mining have been applied to extract from the Web some types of linguistic patterns which are useful for a diversity of tasks, such as automatic translations and answer search systems. In this work we presenta

  6. El retorno del marido en el romancero y en las tragoúdia tradicionales griegas / The husband’s return in the Spanish Romances and the Greek tragoúdia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis Kioridis

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. The present paper compares the topic of the husband’s return in two manifestations of the European ballad tradition: the Spanish romances and the Greek tragoúdia. After an introduction outlining the characteristics of both genres, the author presents the structure of the two poems that were on the basis of his investigation. In addition, the author provides a detailed analysis of this topic in several versions of the poems. He concludes that, besides the similarities and analogies, there is one aspect that differentiates the two traditions: in romances, the clues that the wife gives to his husband to be recognized are focused, whilst in the Greek ballads, the wife is not convinced by her husband when he reveals his identity, and then she asks for more proofs to be sure. According to the hypotheses put forward in the present paper, the relevance given to this aspect in the Greek ballad is due to the influence of the Odyssey. RESUMEN. Este trabajo compara el motivo del retorno del marido en dos manifestaciones de la baladística europea, los romances novelescos españoles y las tragoúdia tradicionales griegas. Tras esbozar una introducción a los géneros, el autor presenta la estructura de dos poemas que sirvieron como base de la investigación. Seguidamente, se lleva a cabo un análisis detallado, a partir de un buen número de versiones. Según se concluye, además de las semejanzas y analogías, hay un aspecto que diferencia las dos tradiciones: en los romances, se hace énfasis en las pistas que da la mujer a su marido, quien acaba persuadiéndola; en las baladas griegas, la mujer no está convencida cuando su marido revela su identidad, de modo que le somete a una serie de pruebas antes de convencerse. Según la hipótesis defendida, la importancia dada a este aspecto se debe a una mayor influencia de la Odisea en la balada griega.

  7. A reavaliação da Guerra do Vietnã apresentada no romance The short timer (197(), de Gustav Hasford, e em sua adaptação fílmica Fullmetal JAcket (1987), de Stanley Kubrick

    OpenAIRE

    Paula, Rodrigo Martini [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    Este projeto examina as maneiras pelas quais a obra The Short-Timers (1979), de Gustav Hasford, e o filme Full Metal Jacket (1987), de Stanley Kubrick, revisitam a Guerra do Vietnã, dessacralizando a História oficial. Em seu romance The Short Timers (1979), o veterano Gustav Hasford narra a trajetória de um soldado e de seus companheiros durante o treinamento militar e o posterior combate no Vietnã. Tomando a perspectiva desse soldado, o narrador focaliza esse episódio da história dos Estados...

  8. Os pais comem frutas verdes e os dentes dos filhos ficam embotados? Considerações sobre o pecado em Romance de família, de Edna Mazya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Rozenchan

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Entre outros livros de destaque dos anos recentes, a obra de Edna Mazya em boa parte também não aborda diretamente os principais eventos da II Guerra Mundial na Europa. Não obstante, esse é um pano de fundo fundamental de uma parcela considerável de Romance de família, mesmo quando os eventos que compõem a trama se desenvolvem na Palestina contemporânea à Guerra, ou em períodos posteriores, em Israel, ou de volta à Europa.

  9. A partilha do eu como pragmática da enunciação e performance narrativa contemporânea no romance Flores Artificiais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Gomes Ignácio

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a estratégia narrativa que engendra o romance Flores artificiais, de Luiz Ruffato, referenciada no desenraizamento e no despertencimento que caracterizam o sujeito na contemporaneidade. O constante e irreversível deslocamento geográfico que articula as inúmeras vozes e pontos de vista presentes nas micronarrativas que compõem a obra mobiliza um narrador também em trânsito, responsável por organizar um imbricado jogo entre as personas do eu/tu e do ele/eles para construir uma nova pragmática da enunciação. Em uma travessia pontuada por máscaras de representação e desdobramento de consciências, o não-lugar de fala de personagens superpostas revela uma fragmentação não apenas do sujeito, mas também da memória, tornada imagem, e do tempo. A espacialidade impressa na estrutura narrativa sugere o estilhaçamento e a descontinuidade da experiência em seu incessante e errante movimento de significação do anonimato contemporâneo. Na busca de uma construção identitária, por meio de um projeto literário centrado na reorganização da linguagem como premissa, é a relação entre alteridades e rastros a estratégia narrativa capaz de desvelar a partilha do eu.

  10. Las lenguas del Fuero juzgo: avatares históricos e historiográficos de las versiones romances de la Ley visigótica (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Castillo Lluch

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo revisa las caracterizaciones que se han dado de la lengua del Fuero juzgo en diferentes obras de la historia de la lengua española (manuales, ediciones y tratados dialectológicos, a la vez que explora cómo la representación histórica que se tiene del código legal ha podido trascender a su descripción lingüística. Se pone de manifiesto el desconocimiento casi absoluto de la historia del texto romance del Fuero juzgo y la necesidad para superarlo de una visión tanto individual de los distintos testimonios como del conjunto de su tradición manuscrita.Dans cette étude sont passées en revue les caractérisations de la langue du Fuero juzgo proposéesdans divers ouvrages sur l’histoire de la langue espagnole (manuels, éditions et traités dialectologiques. L’influence que la représentation historique du code légal a pu avoir sur sa description linguistique est également étudiée. L’accent est mis sur la méconnaissance presque complète de l’histoire du texte en langue vulgaire : pour y remédier, une étude de chacun des manuscrits conservés est nécessaire, mais il faut aussi parvenir à une vision d'ensemble de la tradition manuscrite.

  11. La afirmación ideológica de la monarquía navarra y el empleo del romance en el entorno de 1200

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fermín MIRANDA GARCÍA

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Aunque los diplomas regios escritos en romance navarro parecen remontarse a los años setenta del siglo xii, un análisis detallado de los mismos permite establecer que la cancillería real asumió ese idioma de modo oficial a partir de 1223, en una etapa marcada por el aislamiento de Sancho VII entre sus vecinos y por el ascenso del poder nobiliario. Desde entonces, el latín quedará arrinconado como lengua del rey, en un proceso que se adelanta una o dos generaciones a lo habitual en el resto de los reinos del Occidente europeo.Bien que les diplômes royaux écrits en langue vernaculaire navarraise semblent remonter aux années 1170, une analyse détaillée permet d'établir qu'elle n'est devenue la langue officielle de la couronne qu'à partir de 1223, dans une période marquée par l'isolement de Sancho VII parmi ses puissants voisins et par le renforcement du pouvoir nobiliaire. À partir de ce moment, la langue latine se maintint seulement en tant que langue du roi. Dans ce processus, qui ne connut que deux petites parenthèses – entre 1234-1236 et 1274-1328 –, la Navarre était en avance d'une ou deux générations sur les autres royaumes de l'Europe occidentale.

  12. Cele șapte păcate ale greenwashing-ului [The seven sins of greenwashing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drăgoi M

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This editorial tackles a problem the Romanian forestry journals have never dealt with: the greenwashing phenomenon. After a brief excursion into the communication clichés consciously or unconsciously delivered by the media to the public, we have scrutinized the seven sins of greenwashing, found into the forestry sector or promoted by the public authority responsible for environmental protection. The first sin we have found refers to the hidden trade-offs and the best example in this respect is the stumpage price. Being too high, neither the forest administrator/owner nor the contractor pays attention to the quality of the harvesting process, compromising the natural regeneration, destroying the upper soil and triggering erosion processes. Lack of evidence about the misbehavior of forest inspectors or unsubstantiated allegation when it comes to the ones responsible with forest regime supervision is the second sin, followed by the sin of vagueness. The best example of vague statement is the concept of favorable conservation status, barely defined for species but hard to define for large habitats. The sin of worship false labels goes along with the forest management planning system still stuck to the sustained yield principle even for very small forest ownerships, unable to produce steady annual yields simply because a regular age structure cannot be ever reached. The sin of irrelevance was exemplified by the paper waste that follows each public awareness campaign based on colorful flyers, personalized plastic ballpoint pens, folders and so on. Compared to the environmental cost of having this paper recycled the social benefit of having used this paper-based material fades out. The sin of lesser of two evils pops up whenever the public authority fails to enforce the best available technology, which sometime comes about with a higher social cost or less fringe benefits for all people working in forestry. After the collapse of the communist regime

  13. Influencia de los trastornos mentales y de la personalidad en el abandono de procesos en personas sin hogar

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Salavera

    2014-01-01

    Las personas sin hogar protagonizan un alto índice de abandonos en los procesos terapéuticos que establecen. El motivo de abandono no siempre es conocido, en esta investigación se aborda si viene mediado por los trastornos mentales o son los trastornos de personalidad los que llevan un mayor peso. Los resultados muestran a las personas sin hogar con deterioro cognitivo leve y trastornos de personalidad del grupo de problemas interpersonales y ambivalentes como los principales candidatos al ab...

  14. $\\sin(2\\beta)$ with $B^0 \\rightarrow\\!J/\\!\\psi K_\\text{S}$ at the LHCb experiment

    CERN Multimedia

    Niet, Ramon

    2015-01-01

    The poster presents the recent measurement of $\\sin(2\\beta)$ using $B^0$ decays to the $J/\\!\\psi K_\\text{S}$ final state. The measurement is based on a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0$\\,\\text{fb}^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb experiment in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. To control penguin pollutions in the determination of $\\sin(2\\beta)$, $B_s^0$ decays to the same final state can be analysed. The results of the corresponding analysis are presented as well.

  15. Enfermedad periodontal en pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 con y sin obesidad en Lima, Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Quezada Carrera, José Carlos; Sacsaquispe Contreras, Sonia; Gutiérrez Ventura, Fredy; del Castillo López, César; López Pinedo, Martha

    2016-01-01

    Objetivos: Determinar si la enfermedad periodontal afecta más a pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 con obesidad que a  los pacientes sin obesidad. Material y métodos: La población estuvo conformado por 170 pacientes con diagnósticode Diabetes Mellitus (DM) tipo 2; fueron divididos en dos grupos 85 diabéticos obesos y 85 diabéticos no obesos: el grupo obesos fue de 55 mujeres y 30 hombres mientras que el grupo sin obesidad fue de 37 mujeresy 48 hombres. Se utilizó el Índice Periodontal Comunitario Mo...

  16. Valores percibidos en la publicidad de alimentos por jóvenes con y sin trastornos de la conducta alimentaria

    OpenAIRE

    Lluís Mas-Manchón; Ángel Rodríguez-Bravo; Norminanda Montoya-Vilar; Fernando Morales-Morante; Elaine Lopes; Elena Añaños; Rafaella Peres; María Eugenia Martínez; Antoni Grau

    2015-01-01

    La publicidad utiliza imágenes corporales fuertemente estereotipadas para promocionar cánones físicos y conductas alimentarias no saludables asociadas a productos de alimentación dirigidos sobre todo a jóvenes. El objetivo de este estudio, realizado en Barcelona (España) durante el mes de mayo de 2013, es testear la percepción de 25 valores en siete spots televisivos de alimentación (con y sin estrategias de imagen corporal) en 139 jóvenes con y sin trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA)...

  17. Differential lymphocyte and antibody responses in deer mice infected with Sin Nombre hantavirus or Andes hantavirus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schountz, Tony; Quackenbush, Sandra; Rovnak, Joel; Haddock, Elaine; Black, William C; Feldmann, Heinz; Prescott, Joseph

    2014-08-01

    Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is a rodent-borne disease with a high case-fatality rate that is caused by several New World hantaviruses. Each pathogenic hantavirus is naturally hosted by a principal rodent species without conspicuous disease and infection is persistent, perhaps for life. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) are the natural reservoirs of Sin Nombre virus (SNV), the etiologic agent of most HCPS cases in North America. Deer mice remain infected despite a helper T cell response that leads to high-titer neutralizing antibodies. Deer mice are also susceptible to Andes hantavirus (ANDV), which causes most HCPS cases in South America; however, deer mice clear ANDV. We infected deer mice with SNV or ANDV to identify differences in host responses that might account for this differential outcome. SNV RNA levels were higher in the lungs but not different in the heart, spleen, or kidneys. Most ANDV-infected deer mice had seroconverted 14 days after inoculation, but none of the SNV-infected deer mice had. Examination of lymph node cell antigen recall responses identified elevated immune gene expression in deer mice infected with ANDV and suggested maturation toward a Th2 or T follicular helper phenotype in some ANDV-infected deer mice, including activation of the interleukin 4 (IL-4) pathway in T cells and B cells. These data suggest that the rate of maturation of the immune response is substantially higher and of greater magnitude during ANDV infection, and these differences may account for clearance of ANDV and persistence of SNV. Hantaviruses persistently infect their reservoir rodent hosts without pathology. It is unknown how these viruses evade sterilizing immune responses in the reservoirs. We have determined that infection of the deer mouse with its homologous hantavirus, Sin Nombre virus, results in low levels of immune gene expression in antigen-stimulated lymph node cells and a poor antibody response. However, infection of deer mice with a

  18. ROTATION–ACTIVITY CORRELATIONS IN K AND M DWARFS. I. STELLAR PARAMETERS AND COMPILATIONS OF v sin i AND P /sin i FOR A LARGE SAMPLE OF LATE-K AND M DWARFS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Houdebine, E. R.; Mullan, D. J.; Paletou, F.; Gebran, M.

    2016-01-01

    The reliable determination of rotation–activity correlations (RACs) depends on precise measurements of the following stellar parameters: T eff , parallax, radius, metallicity, and rotational speed v sin i . In this paper, our goal is to focus on the determination of these parameters for a sample of K and M dwarfs. In a future paper (Paper II), we will combine our rotational data with activity data in order to construct RACs. Here, we report on a determination of effective temperatures based on the ( R – I ) C color from the calibrations of Mann et al. and Kenyon and Hartmann for four samples of late-K, dM2, dM3, and dM4 stars. We also determine stellar parameters ( T eff , log( g ), and [M/H]) using the principal component analysis–based inversion technique for a sample of 105 late-K dwarfs. We compile all effective temperatures from the literature for this sample. We determine empirical radius–[M/H] correlations in our stellar samples. This allows us to propose new effective temperatures, stellar radii, and metallicities for a large sample of 612 late-K and M dwarfs. Our mean radii agree well with those of Boyajian et al. We analyze HARPS and SOPHIE spectra of 105 late-K dwarfs, and we have detected v sin i in 92 stars. In combination with our previous v sin i measurements in M and K dwarfs, we now derive P /sin i measures for a sample of 418 K and M dwarfs. We investigate the distributions of P /sin i , and we show that they are different from one spectral subtype to another at a 99.9% confidence level.

  19. Rotation-Activity Correlations in K and M Dwarfs. I. Stellar Parameters and Compilations of v sin I and P/sin I for a Large Sample of Late-K and M Dwarfs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houdebine, E. R.; Mullan, D. J.; Paletou, F.; Gebran, M.

    2016-05-01

    The reliable determination of rotation-activity correlations (RACs) depends on precise measurements of the following stellar parameters: T eff, parallax, radius, metallicity, and rotational speed v sin I. In this paper, our goal is to focus on the determination of these parameters for a sample of K and M dwarfs. In a future paper (Paper II), we will combine our rotational data with activity data in order to construct RACs. Here, we report on a determination of effective temperatures based on the (R-I) C color from the calibrations of Mann et al. and Kenyon & Hartmann for four samples of late-K, dM2, dM3, and dM4 stars. We also determine stellar parameters (T eff, log(g), and [M/H]) using the principal component analysis-based inversion technique for a sample of 105 late-K dwarfs. We compile all effective temperatures from the literature for this sample. We determine empirical radius-[M/H] correlations in our stellar samples. This allows us to propose new effective temperatures, stellar radii, and metallicities for a large sample of 612 late-K and M dwarfs. Our mean radii agree well with those of Boyajian et al. We analyze HARPS and SOPHIE spectra of 105 late-K dwarfs, and we have detected v sin I in 92 stars. In combination with our previous v sin I measurements in M and K dwarfs, we now derive P/sin I measures for a sample of 418 K and M dwarfs. We investigate the distributions of P/sin I, and we show that they are different from one spectral subtype to another at a 99.9% confidence level. Based on observations available at Observatoire de Haute Provence and the European Southern Observatory databases and on Hipparcos parallax measurements.

  20. ROTATION–ACTIVITY CORRELATIONS IN K AND M DWARFS. I. STELLAR PARAMETERS AND COMPILATIONS OF v sin i AND P /sin i FOR A LARGE SAMPLE OF LATE-K AND M DWARFS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houdebine, E. R. [Armagh Observatory, College Hill, BT61 9DG Armagh, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Mullan, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Paletou, F. [Université de Toulouse, UPS-Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, IRAP, Toulouse (France); Gebran, M., E-mail: eric_houdebine@yahoo.fr [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Notre Dame University-Louaize, P.O. Box 72, Zouk Mikael (Lebanon)

    2016-05-10

    The reliable determination of rotation–activity correlations (RACs) depends on precise measurements of the following stellar parameters: T {sub eff}, parallax, radius, metallicity, and rotational speed v sin i . In this paper, our goal is to focus on the determination of these parameters for a sample of K and M dwarfs. In a future paper (Paper II), we will combine our rotational data with activity data in order to construct RACs. Here, we report on a determination of effective temperatures based on the ( R – I ){sub C} color from the calibrations of Mann et al. and Kenyon and Hartmann for four samples of late-K, dM2, dM3, and dM4 stars. We also determine stellar parameters ( T {sub eff}, log( g ), and [M/H]) using the principal component analysis–based inversion technique for a sample of 105 late-K dwarfs. We compile all effective temperatures from the literature for this sample. We determine empirical radius–[M/H] correlations in our stellar samples. This allows us to propose new effective temperatures, stellar radii, and metallicities for a large sample of 612 late-K and M dwarfs. Our mean radii agree well with those of Boyajian et al. We analyze HARPS and SOPHIE spectra of 105 late-K dwarfs, and we have detected v sin i in 92 stars. In combination with our previous v sin i measurements in M and K dwarfs, we now derive P /sin i measures for a sample of 418 K and M dwarfs. We investigate the distributions of P /sin i , and we show that they are different from one spectral subtype to another at a 99.9% confidence level.

  1. Smokers’ Strategic Responses to Sin Taxes: Evidence from Panel Data in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Justin S.; Ross, Hana

    2014-01-01

    In addition to quitting and cutting consumption, smokers faced with higher cigarette prices may compensate in several ways that mute the health impact of cigarette taxes. This study examines three price avoidance strategies among adult male smokers in Thailand: trading down to a lower-priced brand, buying individual sticks of cigarettes instead of packs, and substituting roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco for factory-manufactured cigarettes. Using two panels of microlevel data from the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia Study, collected in 2005 and 2006, we estimate the effects of a substantial excise tax increase implemented throughout Thailand in December 2005. We present estimates of the marginal effects and price elasticities for each of five consumer behaviors. We find that, controlling for baseline smoking characteristics, socio-demographics, and policy variables, quitting is highly sensitive to changes in cigarette prices, but so are brand choice, stick-buying, and use of RYO tobacco. Neglecting such strategic responses leads to over-estimates of a sin tax’s health impact, and neglecting product substitution distorts estimates of the price elasticity of cigarette demand. We discuss the implications for consumer welfare and several policies that mitigate the adverse impact of consumer responses. PMID:24677731

  2. Sins: the Supernova Intensive Study - 87A Revisit CYCLE3HIGH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirshner, Robert

    1992-06-01

    Supernovae are stars at the end of stellar evolution. They mark the moment of stellar destruction, act as the key process in the chemical evolution of the universe, serve as agitators and probes of the interstellar medium, and provide sharp and useful tools for cosmological investigations. As SN 1987A demonstrated, the best progress in this field comes from detailed study of the brightest objects. Many central problems of supernova research can be attacked by intensive and extensive observations of a handful of moderately bright supernovae using the HST cameras and spectrographs. SN 1987A provides a unique opportunity to connect the evolution of a supernova with the development of a supernova remnant and will be intensively studied in this program. Because supernovae touch on so many fields of astronomy, the results of this Supernova Intensive Study (SINS) will affect a broad range of areas from stellar interiors to cosmology so a diverse team of investigators has been assembled which includes experts on all these aspects of astronomy. While the first cycle observations concentrate on SN 1987A and on a fresh supernova to be studied at intermediate age, the second and third cycle will include target-of-opportunity observations of freshly-discovered supernovae which will strive for good UV coverage at early phases of the outburst.

  3. Optimization Algorithm for Kalman Filter Exploiting the Numerical Characteristics of SINS/GPS Integrated Navigation Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shaoxing; Xu, Shike; Wang, Duhu; Zhang, Aiwu

    2015-11-11

    Aiming at addressing the problem of high computational cost of the traditional Kalman filter in SINS/GPS, a practical optimization algorithm with offline-derivation and parallel processing methods based on the numerical characteristics of the system is presented in this paper. The algorithm exploits the sparseness and/or symmetry of matrices to simplify the computational procedure. Thus plenty of invalid operations can be avoided by offline derivation using a block matrix technique. For enhanced efficiency, a new parallel computational mechanism is established by subdividing and restructuring calculation processes after analyzing the extracted "useful" data. As a result, the algorithm saves about 90% of the CPU processing time and 66% of the memory usage needed in a classical Kalman filter. Meanwhile, the method as a numerical approach needs no precise-loss transformation/approximation of system modules and the accuracy suffers little in comparison with the filter before computational optimization. Furthermore, since no complicated matrix theories are needed, the algorithm can be easily transplanted into other modified filters as a secondary optimization method to achieve further efficiency.

  4. Heavy metals in Sinú river, department of Córdoba, Colombia, South America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Feria

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluaron las concentraciones de Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Hg, Pb y Cd en sedimentos superficiales del río Sinú. Las muestras se recolectaron en 10 sitios de muestreo aguas abajo del embalse de Urrá I, considerándose dos períodos de muestreo, uno en época de lluvia y otro en época seca. Las concentraciones de los metales se determinaron por espectrofotometría de absorción atómica o por voltametría y se normalizaron con respecto a las concentraciones del aluminio, por ser un metal conservativo. Se observó una fuerte correlación entre las concentraciones de Cu, Ni, Cr y Zn para ambos períodos muestreados, sugiriendo un origen común. Adicionalmente, el factor de enriquecimiento indicó para todos los elementos evaluados, a excepción del Fe, concentraciones enriquecidas de metales pesados en los sedimentos. En los sitios que reciben el impacto de los suelos inundados, existe una mayor concentración de metales en los sedimentos, comparada con otras zonas de la cuenca, lo cual se asocia con la reducción de sulfatos y la formación de sulfuros y la subsecuente liberación y disponibilidad de metales pesados.

  5. HISTOPATOLOGIA DE LA INFECCIÓN EXPERIMENTAL DE OVEJAS SIN LANA Ovis aries POR Neospora caninum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Oviedo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Ovejas sin lana en diferentes estados reproductivos fueron inoculadas por vía intravenosa con taquizoítos deN. caninum muestra «NC-beef» con el fin de estudiar la patofisiología de la enfermedad en estos animales yverificar la posibilidad de ser usados como modelo experimental de neosporosis bovina. Se utilizaron cincoovejas gestantes (una con 15 días, dos con 30 días, dos con 90 días, tres no gestantes y dos con 10 díasposparto. Los animales eran serologicamente negativos para N.caninum y T. gondii. Dos ovejas gestantes, noinoculadas, fueron utilizadas como control negativo. Los corderos necropsiados, nacidos de ovejas inoculadasantes o durante la gestación presentaron alteraciones histopatológicas en diferentes tejidos, siendo las masseveras observadas en el sistema nervioso central, caracterizadas por la presencia de formas quísticas delparásito asociadas con infiltrado inflamatorio predominantemente mononuclear, áreas de necrosis y en algunoscasos presencia de calcificación. Los corderos nacidos de ovejas inoculadas 10 días después del parto nopresentaron signos clínicos de la enfermedad ni anticuerpos contra o parásito y a la necropsia no presentaronlesiones en ninguno de los tejidos analizados. Un cordero nacido de oveja no inoculada no presentó alteracionesmicroscópicas en ninguno de los tejidos analizados

  6. El dilema de los recursos naturales comunes "sin doliente(s"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyes Parra Leidy Marcela

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Desde la antigüedad, personas como Aristóteles y Tucídides plantearon una teoría básica que evidenció el comportamiento que las personas tienen con respecto al uso continuo de algún recurso natural común. Dejaron entrever el conflicto, normalmente económico, que se genera por la intervención de intereses individuales sobre los bienes públicos. La tragedia de los comunes (término popularizado por Garrett Hardin en 1968 explica cómo el acceso sin restricciones a un recurso "comunal" finito conduce a la sobreexplotación y al agotamiento de dicho recurso por el aumento desmedido en su demanda. Esto ocurre porque el grupo o los individuos que aprovechan los recursos no cargan directamente con los costos de su explotación. Entonces frente a la premisa de que el recurso es de todos y para todos, pero en última instancia, no pertenece a nadie, cabe preguntarse qué prima: ¿Un interés individual sobre un colectivo? O tal vez, ¿es una cuestión de enfoque etológico?

  7. La comunicación expresiva en niños con multidiscapacidad sin lenguaje verbal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Alejandra GRAZONA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available La investigación estuvo centrada en niños con multidiscapacidad que se comunican a través de canales no visuales y no verbales. A partir de la pregunta central respecto a: ¿Cómo dan a conocer el contenido de sus mensajes los niños con multidiscapacidad que no poseen lenguaje verbal?, implementamos un estudio con dos fases complementarias y de convergencia metodológica. La primera, amparada en el paradigma positivista, en la que realizamos un acercamiento objetivo a la realidad y por medio de la operacionalización de los conceptos teóricos. en la segunda fase, profundizamos a través de la Metodología de estudio de Caso (9 en total y con un anclaje en el paradigma fenomenológico-interpretativo. El objetivo perseguido fue: Conocer las formas comunicativas de niños con multidiscapacidad sin lenguaje verbal, por ello privilegiamos el análisis en profundidad a partir de la utilización de diferentes técnicas que permitieron el acercamiento a los niños en ambientes naturales y triangular la información para proporcionar fiabilidad y validez. Las mencionadas etapas permitieron obtener un conocimiento holístico de las formas comunicativas idiosincráticas utilizadas por los niños con multidiscapacidad, que, a modo de bisagra, constituyen su fenotipo comunicativo.

  8. Determination of sin2 θ {w/eff} using jet charge measurements in hadronic Z decays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buskulic, D.; de Bonis, I.; Decamp, D.; Ghez, P.; Goy, C.; Lees, J. P.; Lucotte, A.; Minard, M. N.; Odier, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Chmeissani, M.; Crespo, J. M.; Delfino, M.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fernandez, E.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Garrido, Ll.; Juste, A.; Martinez, M.; Orteu, S.; Pacheco, A.; Padilla, C.; Pascual, A.; Perlas, J. A.; Riu, I.; Sanchez, F.; Teubert, F.; Colaleo, A.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Gelao, G.; Girone, M.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Maggi, M.; Marinelli, N.; Nuzzo, S.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Huang, X.; Lin, J.; Ouyang, Q.; Wang, T.; Xie, Y.; Xu, R.; Xue, S.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, W.; Alemany, R.; Bazarko, A. O.; Bonvicini, G.; Cattaneo, M.; Comas, P.; Coyle, P.; Drevermann, H.; Forty, R. W.; Frank, M.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Janot, P.; Jost, B.; Kneringer, E.; Knobloch, J.; Lehraus, I.; Martin, E. B.; Mato, P.; Minten, A.; Miquel, R.; Mir, Ll. M.; Moneta, L.; Oest, T.; Palla, F.; Pater, J. R.; Pusztaszeri, J. F.; Ranjard, F.; Rensing, P.; Rolandi, L.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Schneider, O.; Tejessy, W.; Tomalin, I. R.; Venturi, A.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wagner, A.; Wildish, T.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Barrès, A.; Boyer, C.; Falvard, A.; Gay, P.; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Monteil, S.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Podlyski, F.; Proriol, J.; Rossignol, J. M.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J. B.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Nilsson, B. S.; Wäänänen, A.; Kyriakis, A.; Markou, C.; Simopoulou, E.; Siotis, I.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J. C.; Bourdon, P.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Valassi, A.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D. J.; Parsons, M. I.; Focardi, E.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Jaffe, D. E.; Antonelli, A.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Bossi, F.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Casper, D.; Chiarella, V.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Passalacqua, L.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Curtis, L.; Dorris, S. J.; Halley, A. W.; Knowles, I. G.; Lynch, J. G.; O'Shea, V.; Raine, C.; Reeves, P.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Ten Have, I.; Thompson, A. S.; Thomson, F.; Thorn, S.; Turnbull, R. M.; Becker, U.; Geweniger, C.; Graefe, G.; Hanke, P.; Hansper, G.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Schmidt, M.; Sommer, J.; Stenzel, H.; Tittel, K.; Werner, S.; Wunsch, M.; Abbaneo, D.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Dornan, P. J.; Moutoussi, A.; Nash, J.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Stacey, A. M.; Williams, M. D.; Dissertori, G.; Girtler, P.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Colrain, P.; Crawford, G.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Sloan, T.; Whelan, E. P.; Williams, M. I.; Galla, A.; Greene, A. M.; Kleinknecht, K.; Quast, G.; Renk, B.; Rohne, E.; Sander, H. G.; van Gemmeren, P.; Zeitnitz, C.; Aubert, J. J.; Bencheikh, A. M.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Bujosa, G.; Calvet, D.; Carr, J.; Diaconu, C.; Etienne, F.; Konstantinidis, N.; Payre, P.; Rousseau, D.; Talby, M.; Sadouki, A.; Thulasidas, M.; Trabelsi, K.; Abt, I.; Assmann, R.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Ganis, G.; Gotzhein, C.; Jakobs, K.; Kroha, H.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Moser, H. G.; Richter, R.; Rosado-Schlosser, A.; Schael, S.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; St. Denis, R.; Wiedenmann, W.; Wolf, G.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Davier, M.; Duflot, L.; Grivaz, J. F.; Heusse, Ph.; Jacquet, M.; Kim, D. W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A. M.; Nikolic, I.; Park, H. J.; Park, I. C.; Schune, M. H.; Simion, S.; Veillet, J. J.; Videau, I.; Azzurri, P.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bozzi, C.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M. A.; Ciulli, V.; Dell'Orso, R.; Fantechi, R.; Ferrante, I.; Foà, L.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M. A.; Gregorio, A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Sciabà, A.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Vannini, C.; Verdini, P. G.; Walsh, J.; Betteridge, A. P.; Blair, G. A.; Bryant, L. M.; Cerutti, F.; Chambers, J. T.; Gao, Y.; Green, M. G.; Medcalf, T.; Perrodo, P.; Strong, J. A.; von Wimmersperg-Toeller, J. H.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Haywood, S.; Maley, P.; Norton, P. R.; Thompson, J. C.; Wright, A. E.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Emery, S.; Kozanecki, W.; Lançon, E.; Lemaire, M. C.; Locci, E.; Marx, B.; Perez, P.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J. F.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J. P.; Schwindling, J.; Trabelsi, A.; Vallage, B.; Black, S. N.; Dann, J. H.; Johnson, R. P.; Kim, H. Y.; Litke, A. M.; McNeil, M. A.; Taylor, G.; Booth, C. N.; Boswell, R.; Brew, C. A. J.; Cartwright, S.; Combley, F.; Koksal, A.; Letho, M.; Newton, W. M.; Reeve, J.; Thompson, L. F.; Böhrer, A.; Brandt, S.; Büscher, V.; Cowan, G.; Grupen, C.; Lutters, G.; Minguet-Rodriguez, J.; Rivera, F.; Saraiva, P.; Smolik, L.; Stephan, F.; Aleppo, M.; Apollonio, M.; Bosisio, L.; Della Marina, R.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Musolino, G.; Ragusa, F.; Rothberg, J.; Wasserbaech, S.; Armstrong, S. R.; Bellantoni, L.; Elmer, P.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; González, S.; Grahl, J.; Greening, T. C.; Harton, J. L.; Hayes, O. J.; Hu, H.; McNamara, P. A.; Nachtman, J. M.; Orejudos, W.; Pan, Y. B.; Saadi, Y.; Schmitt, M.; Scott, I. J.; Sharma, V.; Turk, J. D.; Walsh, A. M.; Wu, Sau Lan; Wu, X.; Yamartino, J. M.; Zheng, M.; Zobernig, G.

    1996-03-01

    The electroweak mixing angle is determined with high precision from measurements of the mean difference between forward and backward hemisphere charges in hadronic decays of the Z. A data sample of 2.5 million hadronic Z decays recorded over the period 1990 to 1994 in the ALEPH detector at LEP is used. The mean charge separation between event hemispheres containing the original quark and antiquark is measured forbbar b andcbar c events in subsamples selected by their long lifetimes or using fast D*’s. The corresponding average charge separation for light quarks is measured in an inclusive sample from the anticorrelation between charges of opposite hemispheres and agrees with predictions of hadronisation models with a precision of 2%. It is shown that differences between light quark charge separations and the measured average can be determined using hadronisation models, with systematic uncertainties constrained by measurements of inclusive production of kaons, protons and Λ’s. The separations are used to measure the electroweak mixing angle precisely as sin2 ϑ {w/eff}=0.2322±0.0008(exp.stat.) ±0.0007(exp.syst.)±0.0008(sep.). The first two errors are due to purely experimental sources whereas the third stems from uncertainties in the quark charge separations.

  9. Corrosión de armaduras galvanizadas y sin proteger embebidas en cemento aluminoso estabilizado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triviño, F.

    1981-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    El cemento aluminoso, cuya obtención se basa en la fusión de bauxita y caliza, ha demostrado desde que fue patentado en Francia, en 1908 por Cementos Lafarge, unas propiedades excepcionales que lo hacen idóneo para ciertas aplicaciones. Tales propiedades son fundamentalmente el desarrollo de elevadas resistencias mecánicas en las primeras edades de hidratación, posibilidad de hormigonar en tiempo frío, una gran resistencia química al agua de mar y a los sulfatos, propiedades refractarias, etc. Todo ello hizo que el cemento aluminoso del tipo fundido, con un 40 % de Al2O3, se utilizara ampliamente en la construcción. Sin embargo, a partir de un determinado momento empezaron a observarse alteraciones en algunas obras construidas con hormigón de este tipo, manifestándose importantes pérdidas de sus resistencias mecánicas (1. Las causas de tales deterioros han sido ampliamente estudiadas (2-(13, atribuyéndose la principal a la "conversión" de los aluminatos cálcicos hidratados hexagonales en hidratos cúbicos, según reacción [1].

  10. Elevated Cytokines, Thrombin and PAI-1 in Severe HCPS Patients Due to Sin Nombre Virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Bondu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Sin Nombre Hantavirus (SNV, Bunyaviridae Hantavirus is a Category A pathogen that causes Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS with case fatality ratios generally ranging from 30% to 50%. HCPS is characterized by vascular leakage due to dysregulation of the endothelial barrier function. The loss of vascular integrity results in non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, shock, multi-organ failure and death. Using Electric Cell-substrate Impedance Sensing (ECIS measurements, we found that plasma samples drawn from University of New Mexico Hospital patients with serologically-confirmed HCPS, induce loss of cell-cell adhesion in confluent epithelial and endothelial cell monolayers grown in ECIS cultureware. We show that the loss of cell-cell adhesion is sensitive to both thrombin and plasmin inhibitors in mild cases, and to thrombin only inhibition in severe cases, suggesting an increasing prothrombotic state with disease severity. A proteomic profile (2D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry of HCPS plasma samples in our cohort revealed robust antifibrinolytic activity among terminal case patients. The prothrombotic activity is highlighted by acute ≥30 to >100 fold increases in active plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1 which, preceded death of the subjects within 48 h. Taken together, this suggests that PAI-1 might be a response to the severe pathology as it is expected to reduce plasmin activity and possibly thrombin activity in the terminal patients.

  11. Existir sin ser visto. Aproximaciones a una teoría del sujeto espectador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis PUELLES ROMERO

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Desde la constatación de un sorprendente desequilibrio entre la evidente participación del espectador en el hecho artístico y la escasa dedicación que sin embargo ha recibido por parte de la Estética y la Historia del arte, estas páginas indagan en las razones de esta insuficiencia de la teoría, además de aportar algunos puntos de vista de utilidad para la elaboración de una estética de los espectadores que concrete y complete la Estética de la Recepción de la Escuela de Constanza.ABSTRACT: This article stems from the obvious lack of balance between the active participation of the spectator in the artistic event, and the lack of attention he has received in Aesthetics and Art History. It explores the reasons for this insufficiency in art theory, as it puts forward an outline for an aesthetics of the spectator that can be added to the reception theory of the Constance School.

  12. Transmission ecology of Sin Nombre hantavirus in naturally infected North American deermouse populations in outdoor enclosures.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karoun H Bagamian

    Full Text Available Sin Nombre hantavirus (SNV, hosted by the North American deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus, causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS in North America. Most transmission studies in the host were conducted under artificial conditions, or extrapolated information from mark-recapture data. Previous studies using experimentally infected deermice were unable to demonstrate SNV transmission. We explored SNV transmission in outdoor enclosures using naturally infected deermice. Deermice acquiring SNV in enclosures had detectable viral RNA in blood throughout the acute phase of infection and acquired significantly more new wounds (indicating aggressive encounters than uninfected deermice. Naturally-infected wild deermice had a highly variable antibody response to infection, and levels of viral RNA sustained in blood varied as much as 100-fold, even in individuals infected with identical strains of virus. Deermice that infected other susceptible individuals tended to have a higher viral RNA load than those that did not infect other deermice. Our study is a first step in exploring the transmission ecology of SNV infection in deermice and provides new knowledge about the factors contributing to the increase of the prevalence of a zoonotic pathogen in its reservoir host and to changes in the risk of HPS to human populations. The techniques pioneered in this study have implications for a wide range of zoonotic disease studies.

  13. Transmission ecology of Sin Nombre hantavirus in naturally infected North American deermouse populations in outdoor enclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagamian, Karoun H; Towner, Jonathan S; Kuenzi, Amy J; Douglass, Richard J; Rollin, Pierre E; Waller, Lance A; Mills, James N

    2012-01-01

    Sin Nombre hantavirus (SNV), hosted by the North American deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus), causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in North America. Most transmission studies in the host were conducted under artificial conditions, or extrapolated information from mark-recapture data. Previous studies using experimentally infected deermice were unable to demonstrate SNV transmission. We explored SNV transmission in outdoor enclosures using naturally infected deermice. Deermice acquiring SNV in enclosures had detectable viral RNA in blood throughout the acute phase of infection and acquired significantly more new wounds (indicating aggressive encounters) than uninfected deermice. Naturally-infected wild deermice had a highly variable antibody response to infection, and levels of viral RNA sustained in blood varied as much as 100-fold, even in individuals infected with identical strains of virus. Deermice that infected other susceptible individuals tended to have a higher viral RNA load than those that did not infect other deermice. Our study is a first step in exploring the transmission ecology of SNV infection in deermice and provides new knowledge about the factors contributing to the increase of the prevalence of a zoonotic pathogen in its reservoir host and to changes in the risk of HPS to human populations. The techniques pioneered in this study have implications for a wide range of zoonotic disease studies.

  14. Relationship of human behavior within outbuildings to potential exposure to Sin Nombre virus in western Montana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, Barbara J; Carver, Scott; Douglass, Richard J

    2010-09-01

    Sin Nombre virus (SNV) causes hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) in humans. Transmission of SNV among the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) host predominates during spring and summer, and is greater in peridomestic than sylvan settings where, protected from UV light, SNV may survive longer. Incidence of HCPS reflects these times and settings and is associated with inhalation of mouse excreta. Little is known, however, about how human use of outbuildings contributes to potential exposure to SNV. Here, the frequency and seasonality of outbuilding use by humans was evaluated, via a survey of rural residents in western Montana, to quantify human behaviors and potential risk of exposure to SNV. Retrieving or return of tools and scooping feed/grain were the most frequently undertaken activities. Seasonal activities coinciding with seasons of highest HCPS incidence and times of potentially high viral shedding by deer mice, included retrieving or returning tools, calving or lambing, and, to a lesser extent, feeding livestock and sweeping or cleaning. Human behavior is a component of SNV transmission risk and this preliminary study provides a basis from which to further evaluate this route of exposure.

  15. Equilibrium and kinetics of Sin Nombre hantavirus binding at DAF/CD55 functionalized bead surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buranda, Tione; Swanson, Scarlett; Bondu, Virginie; Schaefer, Leah; Maclean, James; Mo, Zhenzhen; Wycoff, Keith; Belle, Archana; Hjelle, Brian

    2014-03-10

    Decay accelerating factor (DAF/CD55) is targeted by many pathogens for cell entry. It has been implicated as a co-receptor for hantaviruses. To examine the binding of hantaviruses to DAF, we describe the use of Protein G beads for binding human IgG Fc domain-functionalized DAF ((DAF)₂-Fc). When mixed with Protein G beads the resulting DAF beads can be used as a generalizable platform for measuring kinetic and equilibrium binding constants of DAF binding targets. The hantavirus interaction has high affinity (24-30 nM; k(on) ~ 10⁵ M⁻¹ s⁻¹, k(off) ~ 0.0045 s⁻¹). The bivalent (DAF)₂-Fc/SNV data agree with hantavirus binding to DAF expressed on Tanoue B cells (K(d) = 14.0 nM). Monovalent affinity interaction between SNV and recombinant DAF of 58.0 nM is determined from competition binding. This study serves a dual purpose of presenting a convenient and quantitative approach of measuring binding affinities between DAF and the many cognate viral and bacterial ligands and providing new data on the binding constant of DAF and Sin Nombre hantavirus. Knowledge of the equilibrium binding constant allows for the determination of the relative fractions of bound and free virus particles in cell entry assays. This is important for drug discovery assays for cell entry inhibitors.

  16. Estudios sobre postmodernidad y estudios culturales: ¿sinónimos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Roberto A. Follari

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La postmodernidad exige para ser comprendida una dimensión sociohistórica y otra filosófica que le resulta irrenunciables. También hay una serie de fenómenos propiamente culturales, que son los que los denominados "estudios culturales" (G. Canclini. M. Barbero, etc. han asumido en Latinoamérica. Tales estudios han aportado una descripción de fenómenos nuevos, que no son analizados por ningún otro discurso teórico (tribus urbanas, identidades lábiles, influencia de los medios en los nuevos estilos de consumo, etc.. Con ello se da cuenta de parte de la cuestión postmodernidad, pero sin dudase deja fuera otras: lo filosófico y aún lo social y lo político quedan fuera de esa especie de antropología del presente. Por lo tanto, un enfoque integral de lo postmoderno incluye los estudios culturales, pero está lejos de limitarse a ellos.

  17. Smokers' strategic responses to sin taxes: evidence from panel data in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Justin S; Ross, Hana

    2015-02-01

    In addition to quitting and cutting consumption, smokers faced with higher cigarette prices may compensate in several ways that mute the health impact of cigarette taxes. This study examines three price avoidance strategies among adult male smokers in Thailand: trading down to a lower-priced brand, buying individual sticks of cigarettes instead of packs, and substituting roll-your-own tobacco for factory-manufactured cigarettes. Using two panels of microlevel data from the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia Study, collected in 2005 and 2006, we estimate the effects of a substantial excise tax increase implemented throughout Thailand in December 2005. We present estimates of the marginal effects and price elasticities for each of five consumer behaviors. We find that, controlling for baseline smoking characteristics, sociodemographics, and policy variables, quitting is highly sensitive to changes in cigarette prices, but so are brand choice, stick-buying, and use of roll-your-own tobacco. Neglecting such strategic responses leads to overestimates of a sin tax's health impact, and neglecting product substitution distorts estimates of the price elasticity of cigarette demand. We discuss the implications for consumer welfare and several policies that mitigate the adverse impact of consumer responses. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Aprendizaje sin refuerzo explícito en discriminaciones condicionales con estímulos complejos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente J. Pérez Fernández

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar la posibilidad de que los sujetos mejorasen su ejecución a lo largo de una tarea de discriminación condicional en la que no se proporcionara retroalimentación de sus respuestas. Para ello se expuso a 188 sujetos a una prueba de evaluación de equivalencia-equivalencia, se dividió la misma en cuatro bloques de 9 ensayos y se analizó la diferencia de aciertos. Los resultados muestran que aquellos sujetos que cometieron entre 5 y 12 fallos presentan una mejora entre el primer y cuarto bloque de casi el 20% y en algunos casos de hasta el 44.44%. Se discuten estos resultados como evidencia del aprendizaje sin refuerzo explícito y se valora su posible implicación en contra de algunos estudios centrados en la búsqueda de procedimientos de facilitación de la respuesta de equivalencia-equivalencia.

  19. How might global health master deadly sins and strive for greater virtues?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Panter-Brick

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the spirit of critical reflection, we examine how the field of global health might surmount current challenges and prioritize its ethical mandate, namely to achieve, for all people, equity in health. We use the parlance of mastering deadly sins and striving for greater virtues in an effort to review what is needed to transform global health action. Global health falls prey to four main temptations: coveting silo gains, lusting for technological solutions, leaving broad promises largely unfulfilled, and boasting of narrow successes. This necessitates a change of heart: to keep faith with the promise it made, global health requires a realignment of core values and a sharper focus on the primacy of relationships with the communities it serves. Based on the literature to date, we highlight six steps to re-orienting global health action. Articulating a coherent global health agenda will come from principled action, enacted through courage and prudence in decision-making to foster people-centered systems of care over the entire lifespan.

  20. Cirugía del tronco común con y sin circulación extracorpórea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remedios Ríos Barrera

    2006-01-01

    Conclusiones: Los resultados en ambos grupos han sido similares, por lo que, en la actualidad, la existencia de estenosis del TC no condiciona la técnica de revascularización miocárdica quirúrgica con o sin CEC, quedando su elección a criterio del cirujano.

  1. The SINS Survey : Modeling the Dynamics of z ~ 2 Galaxies and the High-z Tully-Fisher Relation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cresci, G.; Hicks, E. K. S.; Genzel, R.; Schreiber, N. M. Förster; Davies, R.; Bouché, N.; Buschkamp, P.; Genel, S.; Shapiro, K.; Tacconi, L.; Sommer-Larsen, J.; Burkert, A.; Eisenhauer, F.; Gerhard, O.; Lutz, D.; Naab, T.; Sternberg, A.; Cimatti, A.; Daddi, E.; Erb, D. K.; Kurk, J.; Lilly, S. L.; Renzini, A.; Shapley, A.; Steidel, C. C.; Caputi, K.

    2009-01-01

    We present the modeling of SINFONI integral field dynamics of 18 star-forming galaxies at z ~ 2 from Hα line emission. The galaxies are selected from the larger sample of the SINS survey, based on the prominence of ordered rotational motions with respect to more complex merger-induced dynamics. The

  2. MODIS/Aqua Near Real Time (NRT) Surface Reflectance Daily L2G Global 500m SIN Grid

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The MODIS Near Real Time (NRT) Surface Reflectance Daily L2G Global 500m SIN Grid product, MYD09GHK, is a seven-band product computed from the MODIS Level 1B land...

  3. MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid V006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Aqua Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid (MYD21A2.006). A new suite of MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) and Emissivity...

  4. MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid V006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity 8-Day L3 Global 1km SIN Grid (MOD21A2.006). A new suite of MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) and Emissivity...

  5. The homeobox gene Mohawk represses transcription by recruiting the sin3A/HDAC co-repressor complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Douglas M; Beres, Brian J; Wilson-Rawls, Jeanne; Rawls, Alan

    2009-03-01

    Mohawk is an atypical homeobox gene expressed in embryonic progenitor cells of skeletal muscle, tendon, and cartilage. We demonstrate that Mohawk functions as a transcriptional repressor capable of blocking the myogenic conversion of 10T1/2 fibroblasts. The repressor activity is located in three small, evolutionarily conserved domains (MRD1-3) in the carboxy-terminal half of the protein. Point mutation analysis revealed six residues in MRD1 are sufficient for repressor function. The carboxy-terminal half of Mohawk is able to recruit components of the Sin3A/HDAC co-repressor complex (Sin3A, Hdac1, and Sap18) and a subset of Polymerase II general transcription factors (Tbp, TFIIA1 and TFIIB). Furthermore, Sap18, a protein that bridges the Sin3A/HDAC complex to DNA-bound transcription factors, is co-immunoprecipitated by MRD1. These data predict that Mohawk can repress transcription through recruitment of the Sin3A/HDAC co-repressor complex, and as a result, repress target genes required for the differentiation of cells to the myogenic lineage. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  6. Estrategias de desarrollo comunitario: estudio de la integración de las personas sin hogar y las instituciones asistenciales en la ciudad de Valladolid.

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso-Ponga García, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    Se realiza una investigación sobre la asistencia al sin hogarismo en un ámbito local. Investigar el modo concreto en que se articulan las diferentes entidades que prestan atención a las personas sin hogar en la ciudad de Valladolid. Analizar el modo en el que la asistencia a personas sin hogar se materializa en un entorno urbano concreto. Estudiar en qué medida la estructura asistencial influye en la vida de las personas sin hogar. Trabajo Fin de Master. Curso 2011-2012

  7. O papel da esposa no Brasil e em Portugal na década de 1930: sua representação nos romances A mulher que fugiu de Sodoma e Ana Paula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antony Cardoso Bezerra

    Full Text Available Resumo Como representação ficcional da realidade, o romance, sobretudo o do modo realista, não está alheio à conjuntura histórica em que é produzido e de que se ocupa. À luz dessa condição, investiga-se, em cotejo, como os romances A mulher que fugiu de Sodoma (1931, do escritor brasileiro José Geraldo Vieira, e Ana Paula (1938, do romancista português Joaquim Paço d’Arcos, abordam uma questão-chave de seu mundo: a desestruturação de um casamento em decorrência do comportamento desregrado do marido e, em face disso, o papel desempenhado pela esposa. Com recorrência a estudos sobre representação de Erich Auerbach e de Roger Chartier, bem como sobre a mulher e o casamento, como os de Mary del Priore, Anália Cardoso Torres e Irene Vaquinhas, leem-se as narrativas literárias criticamente, atentando para sua inserção histórica. Enquanto Vieira apresenta, com Lúcia, uma agência no abandono físico do marido, Paço d’Arcos elabora Ana Paula como uma esposa que até à ruína permanece com a consorte.

  8. A carnavalização do Nordeste no romance Sargento Getúlio, de João Ubaldo Ribeiro: revisando as identidades e desconstruindo estereótipos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Lindomar Silva

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é o resultado de um estudo feito com o romance Sargento Getúlio, de João Ubaldo Ribeiro. Apresenta-se como nosso objetivo geral analisar a construção da identidade nordestina, pela desconstrução de estereótipos, a partir da carnavalização e dos aspectos cômicos e paródicos presentes na obra. Os nossos estudos, referentes ao romance descrito, evidenciaram, de antemão, a desconstrução estereotipada do cangaceiro, das secas, bem como uma (revalorização cultural do Nordeste, mediante a identificação de uma “nova” paisagem e da linguagem de um povo cuja identidade faz parte da diversidade social nacional. Assim, mostramos um Nordeste carnavalizado, no qual as mascaras da injustiça e das ideologias opressoras não encontram mais espaço.

  9. Hernioplastia laparoscópica sin fijadores específicos Laparoscopic hernioplasty without specific fixers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Hernández Gutiérrez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN. Esta investigación tuvo el objetivo de mostrar los resultados preliminares del uso la hernioplastia laparoscópica sin fijadores específicos, en pacientes con hernia inguinal de tipo III según la Clasificación de Nyhus, en nuestro medio. MÉTODOS. Se documentaron los resultados preliminares de pacientes operados entre mayo de 2006 y febrero de 2007 y un seguimiento de 2 a 3 años hasta la actualidad. La muestra quedó conformada por 11 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por mínimo acceso. A todos se les realizó una plastia con prótesis de polipropileno: se fijó la malla en 4 de ellos y en los restantes 7 no se fijó, independientemente del tipo de abordaje empleado. No se utilizó ninguno de los fijadores específicos existentes en el mercado para este fin. RESULTADOS. El tiempo quirúrgico promedió 55 min y la curación del 100 % se observó al año de seguimiento. Las complicaciones fueron: en el transoperatorio, hipercapnia transitoria en 1 de los 7 pacientes operados por vía totalmente extraperitoneal, y en el posoperatorio, un hematoma en uno de los puertos quirúrgicos, en el mismo paciente. Se utilizaron antibióticos en 2 pacientes, y la mortalidad fue nula. CONCLUSIONES. La hernioplastia laparoscópica para este tipo de hernia es efectiva aún sin fijadores específicos para la malla quirúrgica. El hecho de no fijar la malla ahorra tiempo quirúrgico, dolor posoperatorio, y no afecta la efectividad de la técnica. No es necesario usar antibioticoterapia profiláctica, a menos que el tiempo quirúrgico sea mayor de 2 h. La hernioplastia laparoscópica ahorra 19 993 € por cada 100 enfermos operados, cuando no se fija la malla quirúrgica.INTRODUCTION: The aim of present research was to show the preliminary results of laparoscopic hernioplasty use without specific fixers in patients presenting with type II inguinal hernia according the Nyhus classification in our practice. METHODS: Authors confirmed the

  10. Efecto sinérgico de penicilina G y Kanamicina en septicemia neonatal por estafilococo

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    María Espino

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Sesenta y tres pacientes con diagnóstico de septicemia neonatal, 44 por estafilococo coagulasa negativa y 19 por estafilococo coagulasa positiva recibieron tratamiento con penicilina G y kanamicina. El 72, 7 % de las cepas de estafilococo coagulasa negativa y el 61,3 % de las cepas de estafilococo coagulasa positiva aisladas, fueron resistentes a ambos antibióticos individualmente. Se observó sinergismo marcado en 27 cepas de estafilococo coagulasa negativa y 12 de estafilococo coagulasa positiva, cuya media geométrica de los valores del índice de concentración fraccionaria inhibitoria (CFI fue de 0,39 y 0,11 respectivamente. En el resto de las pruebas realizadas se observó adición. Al considerar a todos los pacientes juntos, la efectividad del tratamiento fue mayor cuando el germen era sensible a ambos antibióticos, que cuando sólo era sensible a uno de los 2. Para los resultados sinérgicos, el 82 % de los pacientes tuvieron una salida clínica efectiva, así como también el 62,5 % de los resultados aditivos. La efectividad general de la combinación fue del 74,6 %. El estudio sugiere que el uso rutinario de la combinación de penicilina G y kanamicina que haya demostrado sinergia o adición in vitro, deberá ser considerado para el tratamiento de infecciones por estafilococos.

  11. Tecnologías emergentes para la conservación de alimentos sin calor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Molina, Juan José

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Se han investigado los principios básicos de tres tecnologías emergentes para pasteurizar y esterilizar alimentos sin empleo del calor Mediante numerosos estudios se ha comprobado la efectividad de los campos eléctricos pulsantes de alta intensidad (CEPAI, los pulsos de luz (PL y los campos magnéticos oscilantes (CMO en la destrucción de microorganismos y enzimas de sistemas alimentarios. En la inactivación microbiana por CEPA!, el blanco principal es la membrana celular que, al ser sometida a campos eléctricos de alta intensidad, se hace permeable formando huecos o poros cuyo tamaño se incrementa a medida que aumenta la intensidad del campo eléctrico o el tiempo de tratamiento o se reduce la resistencia iónica del medio de pulsación. Por otra parte, los PL inducen reacciones fotoquímicas y fototérmicas en los alimentos, causando la muerte de gran cantidad de microorganismos, especialmente en productos alimenticios envasados. Los CMO producen simulación o inhibición en el crecimiento y reproducción de los microorganismos, un simple pulso de intensidad de 5-10 teslas y frecuencias de 5-500 kHz es suficiente para reducir el número de microorganismos en un mínimo de 2 ciclos logarítmicos. Se ha comprobado que estas tecnologías alargan la vida de anaquel de diversos productos alimenticios y pueden ser consideradas como sustitutos parciales de los procesos convencionales de pasteurización y esterilización de alimentos por tratamientos térmicos.

  12. ¿Al final, TLC con o sin biopiratería?

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    Martha Isabel Gómez Lee

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El problema está en que en Colombia los temas de acceso a los recursos genéticos, los derechos de propiedad intelectual (DPI y la protección del conocimiento tradicional (CT no han recibido la importancia que se merecen. No ha habido un debate abierto acerca del papel que juegan estos temas en el desarrollo de un país megadiverso y una nación multiétnica y pluricultural, como es Colombia. Sin embargo, el gobierno colombiano decidió negociar un TLC indefinido que define la política comercial al respecto para Colombia. En febrero de 2006, se cerraron las negociaciones del TLC en términos similares a Perú. Ese país aceptó las patentes de genes aislados y de plantas conforme a los intereses de Estados Unidos. Colombia tiene cuatro grupos étnicos: 84 pueblos indígenas que hablan 64 lenguas, los afrocolombianos, los raizales del Archipiélago de San Andrés y Providencia y los rom. La constitución de 1991 garantiza y protege los recursos genéticos, la diversidad étnica y cultural y los derechos humanos. Las posiciones y propuestas oficiales sobre acceso a recursos genéticos, biodiversidad y protección del CT que presentó el gobierno colombiano en el TLC, no fueron concertadas previamente con los grupos étnicos colombianos. El Estado tiene que consultarlos, para determinar su posición respecto al acceso a los recursos genéticos, la protección al CT y los DPI

  13. Faustina Sáez de Melgar: liberación sin rupturas

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    Dorado, Carlos

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on periodicals as the principal documental source, this article aims to demonstrate how the copious literary production and biography of Faustina Sáez de Melgar (1833? was closely linked to journalism. The creator of several magazines aimed at women, she seems to regard fashion magazines as a way of encouraging reading habits in the home. She asserts that education is the key to delivering women from their social marginalisation, which she denounced as a form of slavery. Although an active supporter of abolitionism -author of the drama La cadena rota- she did not consider women’s liberation to require any break in social norms, as it can be found within marriage, the maintaining of patriarchal structures and the practising of Christian virtues. Her thought sometimes appears opportunistic and contradictory. This is possibly a result of a cautious strategy, in which she sought to achieve only what was possible in her epoch.Con documentación hemerográfica como fuente principal, el artículo pretende poner de manifiesto la estrecha relación que con la prensa tuvo la extensa obra y la biografía de Faustina Sáez de Melgar (1833?. Creadora de varias revistas dirigidas a la mujer, vio en ellas un medio de fomentar la lectura en los hogares. Afirma que la educación es el medio por el que la mujer puede liberarse de la marginación social que padece y que ella denuncia como esclavitud. Autora del drama La cadena rota, comprometida con el abolicionismo, considera sin embargo innecesario romper ninguna: esa liberación llega además por el matrimonio y la práctica de las virtudes en una sociedad patriarcal cristiana. Sus opiniones parecen en ocasiones contradictorias y oportunistas. Posiblemente subyace una cautelosa estrategia en aplicación del “posibilismo”.

  14. THE SINS/zC-SINF SURVEY of z {approx} 2 GALAXY KINEMATICS: OUTFLOW PROPERTIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Newman, Sarah F.; Genzel, Reinhard [Department of Astronomy, Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Foerster-Schreiber, Natascha M.; Buschkamp, Peter; Davies, Ric; Eisenhauer, Frank; Kurk, Jaron; Lutz, Dieter [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Giessenbachstr.1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Griffin, Kristen Shapiro [Space Sciences Research Group, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, Redondo Beach, CA 90278 (United States); Mancini, Chiara; Renzini, Alvio [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dellOsservatorio 5, Padova, I-35122 (Italy); Lilly, Simon J.; Carollo, C. Marcella; Peng, Yingjie [Institute of Astronomy, Department of Physics, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule, ETH Zuerich, CH-8093 (Switzerland); Bouche, Nicolas [Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie (IRAP), Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 14, avenue Edouard Berlin, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Burkert, Andreas [Department fuer Physik, Universitaets-Sternwarte Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (USM), Scheinerstr. 1, Muenchen, D-81679 (Germany); Cresci, Giovanni [Istituto Nazionale di AstrofisicaOsservatorio Astronomico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Genel, Shy [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Hicks, Erin K. S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, U.W., Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Naab, Thorsten, E-mail: sfnewman@berkeley.edu [Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl Schwarzschildstrasse 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); and others

    2012-12-10

    Using SINFONI H{alpha}, [N II], and [S II] AO data of 27 z {approx} 2 star-forming galaxies (SFGs) from the SINS and zC-SINF surveys, we explore the dependence of outflow strength (via the broad flux fraction) on various galaxy parameters. For galaxies that have evidence for strong outflows, we find that the broad emission is spatially extended to at least the half-light radius ({approx}a few kpc). Decomposition of the [S II] doublet into broad and narrow components suggests that this outflowing gas probably has a density of {approx}10-100 cm{sup -3}, less than that of the star-forming gas (600 cm{sup -3}). There is a strong correlation of the H{alpha} broad flux fraction with the star formation surface density of the galaxy, with an apparent threshold for strong outflows occurring at 1 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} kpc{sup -2}. Above this threshold, we find that SFGs with log m{sub *} > 10 have similar or perhaps greater wind mass-loading factors ({eta} = M-dot{sub out}/SFR) and faster outflow velocities than lower mass SFGs, suggesting that the majority of outflowing gas at z {approx} 2 may derive from high-mass SFGs. The mass-loading factor is also correlated with the star formation rate (SFR), galaxy size, and inclination, such that smaller, more star-forming, and face-on galaxies launch more powerful outflows. We propose that the observed threshold for strong outflows and the observed mass loading of these winds can be explained by a simple model wherein break-out of winds is governed by pressure balance in the disk.

  15. Sin nombre virus and rodent species diversity: a test of the dilution and amplification hypotheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clay, Christine A; Lehmer, Erin M; Jeor, Stephen St; Dearing, M Denise

    2009-07-31

    Species diversity is proposed to greatly impact the prevalence of pathogens. Two predominant hypotheses, the "Dilution Effect" and the "Amplification Effect", predict divergent outcomes with respect to the impact of species diversity. The Dilution Effect predicts that pathogen prevalence will be negatively correlated with increased species diversity, while the Amplification Effect predicts that pathogen prevalence will be positively correlated with diversity. For many host-pathogen systems, the relationship between diversity and pathogen prevalence has not be empirically examined. We tested the Dilution and Amplification Effect hypotheses by examining the prevalence of Sin Nombre virus (SNV) with respect to diversity of the nocturnal rodent community. SNV is directly transmitted primarily between deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus). Using mark-recapture sampling in the Spring and Fall of 2003-2005, we measured SNV prevalence in deer mice at 16 landscape level sites (3.1 hectares each) that varied in rodent species diversity. We explored several mechanisms by which species diversity may affect SNV prevalence, including reduced host density, reduced host persistence, the presence of secondary reservoirs and community composition. We found a negative relationship between species diversity and SNV prevalence in deer mice, thereby supporting the Dilution Effect hypothesis. Deer mouse density and persistence were lower at sites with greater species diversity; however, only deer mouse persistence was positively correlated with SNV prevalence. Pinyon mice (P. truei) may serve as dilution agents, having a negative effect on prevalence, while kangaroo rats (Dipodomys ordii), may have a positive effect on the prevalence of SNV, perhaps through effects on deer mouse behavior. While previous studies on host-pathogen systems have found patterns of diversity consistent with either the Dilution or Amplification Effects, the mechanisms by which species diversity influences

  16. La desambiguación de oraciones de relativo en gallego: Nueva evidencia de adjunción alta en lenguas romances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Acuña

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación sobre el procesamiento de oraciones ha puesto de manifiesto la importancia de obtener datos de lenguas diferentes al inglés (e.g., Cuetos y Mitchell, 1988. En el marco de la desambiguación de oraciones de relativo como Alguien disparó al criado de la actriz que estaba en el balcón, en la que tanto “la actriz” como “el criado” podrían ser los que “estaban en el balcón”, se han encontrado preferencias dispares en distintos idiomas. Así, en inglés parecen preferirse adjunciones bajas hacia el sintagma nominal más cercano (SN2, mientras que en lenguas como el español o el francés se prefieren adjunciones altas, es decir, hacia el sintagma nominal más lejano (SN1. En el caso de otras lenguas romances, portugués e italiano, los resultados son inciertos, pues algunos autores han encontrado preferencias por la adjunción baja mientras que otros lo han hecho por la adjunción alta. En la presente investigación se evalúan, a partir de un estudio de cuestionario y un experimento de lectura autoadministrada mediante ventana móvil, las preferencias estructurales de hablantes de gallego, una lengua con un estrecho parecido al espa��ol (preferencia hacia SN1 y al portugués (preferencia incierta. Los datos, los primeros en lengua gallega, indican, tanto en el estudio de cuestionario como en el estudio on-line, preferencias por las estructuras en las que la cláusula de relativo ambigua se adjunta alto en el marco sintagmático. Estos resultados son discutidos en relación con los principales modelos de procesamiento de oraciones y las preferencias encontradas en distintas lenguas.

  17. Forested habitat preferences by Chilean citizens: Implications for biodiversity conservation in Pinus radiata plantations Preferencia por hábitats forestales por ciudadanos chilenos: Implicancias para la conservación de biodiversidad en plantaciones de Pinus radiata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICOLE PÜSCHEL-HOENEISEN

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The need for conservation outside protected areas has prompted the modification of productive practices to allow the maintenance of wild biota in productive landscapes such as those associated to timber production. Forest plantations could cooperate in conserving biodiversity outside protected areas if they have a developed understory. However, the success of the production changes depends on the social support they receive. Therefore, we evaluate Chilean citizens' preference for five habitats of different types of forest management. In addition, we assessed perceptions regarding the relationship between pine plantations and native wildlife through surveys administered in Chillán, Santiago and six rural localities in the VII and VIII region. Despite there is not a unanimous opinion regarding pine plantations as a threat to biodiversity, people prefer pine plantations that serve as habitat for endangered fauna. In fact, they agree on paying more for forest products to contribute to conservation in forest plantations, and actually prefer plantations with a developed understory better than those without it. This would suggest that measures aimed at conservation in forest plantations could be supported by the Chilean society.La necesidad de la conservación fuera de áreas protegidas ha llevado a la modificación de las prácticas productivas para permitir el mantenimiento de la biota silvestre en paisajes productivos tales como los asociados a la producción de madera. Las plantaciones forestales podrían cooperar en la conservación de la biodiversidad fuera de áreas protegidas si tienen un sotobosque desarrollado. Sin embargo, el éxito de los cambios en la producción depende del apoyo social que estos reciben. Así, evaluamos la preferencia por cinco paisajes con diferentes tipos de manejo forestal. Además, se evaluó la percepción acerca de la relación entre las plantaciones de pino y la fauna nativa a través de encuestas realizadas en

  18. Centering Panama in Global Modernity: The Search for National Identity and the Imagining of the Orient in Rogelio Sinán’s “Sin novedad en Shanghai”

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    Junyoung Verónica Kim

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Since its independence from Colombia in 1903 backed by the United States government, which resulted in a treaty that granted the US free rein to build, administer and control what would be known as the Panama Canal, Panama’s quest for modern nationhood has been severely called into question. More often than not it is posited as an artificial state with little organic unity and limited sovereignty: a state that is literally made in the USA. Panamanian intellectuals, such as Rogelio Sinán, responded to these discourses on the Panamanian nation-state by actively constructing a Panamanian national identity, and by calling attention to the central significance of Panama in the twentieth-century world of global modernity. Questioning the widespread narrative of Panama as a peripheral North American neo-colony that was at best a marginal actor in international history, Sinán positioned Panama at the center of the modern world where World Wars, international migrations and global capitalism connected. By exploring Sinán’s short story “Sin novedad en Shanghai” that takes place in East Asia during World War II, this study argues that the writer’s deployment of the Orient—as a geopolitical, cultural, symbolic and imaginary space—allows him to reposition Panama. In its symbolic relation to this Orient, Panama emerges not as the backwaters of global modernity, but at its center—a cosmopolis between the Orient and the Occident that reveals a microcosm of the modern world.

  19. Tratamiento cognitivo-conductual grupal del trastorno de pánico con o sin agorafobia en un centro de salud mental público

    OpenAIRE

    Garriga Puerto, Ascensión; Martín García-Sancho, Julio César; López Soler, Concepción

    2009-01-01

    La eficacia de la terapia cognitivo-conductual (TCC) en el tratamiento del trastorno de pánico (TP) con o sin agorafobia está bien documentada; sin embargo, se conoce menos su efectividad en formato grupal. El propósito de este estudio es investigar

  20. Seven deadly sins in confronting endemic iodine deficiency, and how to avoid them.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, J T

    1996-04-01

    and apportioned fairly; and 7) nonsustainability: for permanent success, an iodization program must be fair to all relevant parties and accompanied by a regular system of appropriate monitoring. Only with careful avoidance of these seven "deadly sins" can the goal of sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency be achieved.

  1. Variables socionutricionales de hogares mazahuas integrados por preescolares desnutridos con madres con obesidad y sin obesidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conzuelo González, Viridiana Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El primer objetivo fue conocer cuántos menores de cinco años con diferentes grados de desnutrición tienen una madre con sobrepeso/obesidad/ en una comunidad indígena que vive en extrema pobreza y bajo condiciones de migración masculina internacional. El segundo fue comparar tres variables socionutricionales (ingreso familiar, educación de la madre y adecuación nutrimental de la dieta diaria entre estos hogares y los hogares con desnutrición infantil y madres sin obesidad. Se realizó un estudio transversal (2006-2007, en la comunidad mazahua de San Francisco Tepeolulco, Municipio de Temascalcingo; que incluyó a 85 hogares integrados por preescolares con desnutrición inscritos al programa Oportunidades. Se determinó el estado nutrición de los preescolares con indicadores antropométricos y se obtuvo el IMC de las madres de estos infantes. Se aplicó una encuesta socionutricional, incluida el recordatorio de 24 horas, y complementado con la observación participante (cualitativa. Se encontró que 83% de las madres mazahuas presentaron sobrepeso u obesidad. El estado de nutrición de los preescolares con madres con obesidad presentó un porcentaje mayor de desnutrición (76%. En la variable género, se encontró que 54% de los niños con madres con obesidad tenía baja talla. Al relacionar el nivel educativo de la madre, esta variable resultó ser estadísticamente significativa (p=0.015, donde el analfabetismo está más relacionado con la desnutrición infantil que tienen madres de bajo y/o peso normal. La elevada prevalencia de hogares conformados con preescolares con desnutrición y madres con obesidad, es un síntoma más de la pobreza en zonas indígenas en México, con bajo índice de desarrollo humano.

  2. Long-term patterns of immune investment by wild deer mice infected with Sin Nombre virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmer, Erin M; Jones, Jeremy D; Bego, Mariana G; Varner, Johanna M; Jeor, Stephen St; Clay, Christine A; Dearing, M Denise

    2010-01-01

    Immunocompetence of animals fluctuates seasonally, However, there is little consensus on the cause of these fluctuations. Some studies have suggested that these patterns are influenced by changes in reproductive condition, whereas others have suggested that differences result from seasonal variations in energy expenditures. The objective of our study was to examine these contrasting views of immunity by evaluating seasonal patterns of immune response and reproduction in wild populations of deer mice Peromyscus maniculatus exposed to Sin Nombre virus (SNV). Over three consecutive fall (September, October, November) and three consecutive spring (March, April, May) sampling periods, we used titration enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantify virus-specific antibody production in 48 deer mice infected with SNV. Levels of reproductive hormones were quantified using ELISA. SNV antibody titers reached their lowest level during November (geometric mean titer [GMT] = 420) and their highest levels during September (GMT = 5,545) and May (GMT = 3,582), suggesting that the immune response of deer mice to SNV has seasonal patterns. The seeming decrease in antibody titer over winter coupled with the consistency in body masses suggests that during winter, immunocompetence may be compromised to offset the energetic costs of maintenance functions, including those associated with maintaining body mass. Deer mice showed distinct sex-based differences in SNV antibody production, with males producing higher antibody titers (GMT = 3,333) than females (GMT = 1,477). Levels of reproductive hormones do not appear to influence antibody production in either males or females, as there was no correlation between estradiol concentrations and SNV antibody titer in female deer mice (r² = 0.26), nor was there a significant relationship between levels of testosterone and SNV antibody titers in males (r² = 0.28). Collectively, this study demonstrates that immunocompetence of wild deer

  3. Synthesis of In2S3 thin films by spray pyrolysis from precursors with different [S]/[In] ratios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sall, Thierno; Nafidi, A.; Marí Soucase, Bernabé; Mollar, Miguel; Hartitti, Bouchaib; Fahoume, Mounir

    2014-06-01

    Indium sulfide (In2S3) thin films were prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis technique from solutions with different [S]/[In] ratios on glass substrates at a constant temperature of 250 °C. Thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Raman spectroscopy and optical transmittance spectroscopy. All samples exhibit a polycrystalline structure with a preferential orientation along (0, 0, 12). A good stoichiometry was attained for all samples. The morphology of thin film surfaces, as seen by SEM, was dense and no cracks or pinholes were observed. Raman spectroscopy analysis shows active modes belonging to β-ln2S3 phase. The optical transmittance in the visible range is higher than 60% and the band gap energy slightly increases with the sulfur to indium ratio, attaining a value of 2.63 eV for [S]/[In] = 4.5.

  4. Influencia de los trastornos mentales y de la personalidad en el abandono de procesos en personas sin hogar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Salavera

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las personas sin hogar protagonizan un alto índice de abandonos en los procesos terapéuticos que establecen. El motivo de abandono no siempre es conocido, en esta investigación se aborda si viene mediado por los trastornos mentales o son los trastornos de personalidad los que llevan un mayor peso. Los resultados muestran a las personas sin hogar con deterioro cognitivo leve y trastornos de personalidad del grupo de problemas interpersonales y ambivalentes como los principales candidatos al abandono de procesos de corte psicosocial. Esto implica la necesidad de tener en cuenta estos trastornos en el tratamiento y desarrollo de programas específicos de intervención.

  5. GaN-based FETs using Cat-CVD SiN passivation for millimeter-wave applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Higashiwaki, Masataka; Mimura, Takashi; Matsui, Toshiaki

    2008-01-01

    We have found that SiN passivation by catalytic chemical vapor deposition (Cat-CVD) can significantly increase an electron density of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure field-effect transistor (HFET). This effect enables thin-barrier HFET structures to have a high-density two-dimensional electron gas and leads to suppression of short-channel effects. We fabricated 30-nm-gate Al 0.4 Ga 0.6 N(8 nm)/GaN HFETs using Cat-CVD SiN. The maximum drain current density and extrinsic transconductance were 1.49 A/mm and 402 mS/mm, respectively. Current-gain cutoff frequency and maximum oscillation frequency of the HFETs were 181 and 186 GHz, respectively. These high-frequency device characteristics are sufficiently high enough for millimeter-wave applications

  6. Máximos y mínimos sin cálculo aplicado a la economía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Cabrera G.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El articulo muestra los problemas más sencillos “Máximos y Mínimos sin Cálculo”. Este tipo de problemas se presentan en ingeniería, la industria, la administración y la vida cotidiana, con una característica en común, no obstante sus diferencias. Esta característica, consiste en determinar la forma  de lograr un efecto óptimo mediante la selección de una entre varias posibilidades. Estos problemas se resuelve por medio de métodos  de cálculo diferencial, pero solo pueden ser calculados únicamente, con la ayuda del álgebra elemental. Este es, precisamente el contenido del artículo, que propone métodos más sencillos, sin la aplicación del cálculo diferencial.

  7. The seven deadly sins of physician practice management. How to stop committing them to gain a competitive edge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, J

    1998-01-01

    Many words have been written about how the marketplace is changing--and hurting--medical group practice. However, not all problems are external. Physicians and managers are doing some of the harm to themselves. "Deadly sins," including a lack of urgency, copycat strategies, trend chasing and the creation of meaningless networks, inhibit growth. Avoiding these mistakes can make it easier to handle those changes group practices can't control.

  8. Meningitis neumocócica en un lactante curada sin secuelas neurológicas ni neuroquirúrgicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Lamote de Grignon

    1953-03-01

    Full Text Available Lactante de 45 días, en pésimas condiciones fisiológicas, que presenta una meningitis neumocócica indiscutible. Es tratada con sulfatiazol y penicilina (apenas por vía intratecal. Cura prácticamente a los 17 días sin secuela alguna. A los 8 meses se mantenía bien desde todos los puntos de vista.

  9. A Method for SINS Alignment with Large Initial Misalignment Angles Based on Kalman Filter with Parameters Resetting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixiang Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the initial alignment process of strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS, large initial misalignment angles always bring nonlinear problem, which causes alignment failure when the classical linear error model and standard Kalman filter are used. In this paper, the problem of large misalignment angles in SINS initial alignment is investigated, and the key reason for alignment failure is given as the state covariance from Kalman filter cannot represent the true one during the steady filtering process. According to the analysis, an alignment method for SINS based on multiresetting the state covariance matrix of Kalman filter is designed to deal with large initial misalignment angles, in which classical linear error model and standard Kalman filter are used, but the state covariance matrix should be multireset before the steady process until large misalignment angles are decreased to small ones. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated by simulation and car test, and the results indicate that the proposed method can fulfill initial alignment with large misalignment angles effectively and the alignment accuracy of the proposed method is as precise as that of alignment with small misalignment angles.

  10. The devil is in the details: the seven deadly sins of organizing and continuing interprofessional education in the US.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Phillip G

    2011-09-01

    In spite of increased calls for expanding interprofessional practice (IPP) in the US health care system to address concerns about patient safety and quality of care, there has not been a corresponding dramatic growth in interprofessional education (IPE) programs. Indeed, the history of IPE in the US has been a roller-coaster ride of gains and losses, successes and failures. Understanding why this has been so requires the development of a personal and political economy framework, based on an understanding of the structural, ideological, and economic factors and forces that characterize IPE in American higher education. Using a metaphor of the seven deadly sins (lust, pride, greed, gluttony, envy, sloth, and wrath), this discussion focuses on both things that should not be done (sins of commission) and those that should be done but are not (sins of omission) to create successful and sustainable IPE programs. Taken together, these factors help to frame a perspective on IPE that highlights the essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed by faculty and administrators to create, implement, and - most importantly - sustain successful programs. Implications of this framework for promoting increased IPE are discussed, particularly with respect to insuring its successful continuation into the future.

  11. Freedom in responsibility: on the relevance of "sin" as a hermeneutic guiding principle in bioethical decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gräb-Schmidt, Elisabeth

    2005-08-01

    This essay deals with questions of responsibility concerning technology, in particular, gene technology and the special problem of research on embryos. I raise issues concerning the extent of humans' authority to act and the limits of human freedom. In what way is that freedom given, and what kind of responsibility results from it? By discussing various concepts of human freedom in the tradition of European philosophy, as juxtaposed to the Protestant understanding of freedom, this essay discusses the restricting limits, and the obligation to take responsibility. It will turn out that the question concerning freedom cannot be answered without understanding what being human involves. From a Christian perspective, this implies that the foundational relationship between human freedom and sin will be central to an assessment of the human ability to take responsibility. By obliterating the limits of human freedom, sin jeopardizes the very essence of that freedom. The project of taking into account the sinful state of the human condition thus aims at developing a realistic picture of the authority of humans in action, even in view of the human tasks of promoting science and research.

  12. The 11S globulin Sin a 2 from yellow mustard seeds shows IgE cross-reactivity with homologous counterparts from tree nuts and peanut

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    Sirvent Sofía

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The 11S globulin Sin a 2 is a marker to predict severity of symptoms in mustard allergic patients. The potential implication of Sin a 2 in cross-reactivity with tree nuts and peanut has not been investigated so far. In this work, we studied at the IgG and IgE level the involvement of the 11S globulin Sin a 2 in cross-reactivity among mustard, tree nuts and peanut. Methods Eleven well-characterized mustard-allergic patients sensitized to Sin a 2 were included in the study. A specific anti-Sin a 2 serum was obtained in rabbit. Skin prick tests (SPT, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, immunoblotting and IgG or IgE-inhibition immunoblotting experiments using purified Sin a 2, Sin a 1, Sin a 3, mustard, almond, hazelnut, pistachio, walnut or peanut extracts were performed. Results The rabbit anti-Sin a 2 serum showed high affinity and specificity to Sin a 2, which allowed us to demonstrate that Sin a 2 shares IgG epitopes with allergenic 11S globulins from tree nuts (almond, hazelnut, pistachio and walnut but not from peanut. All the patients included in the study had positive skin prick test to tree nuts and/or peanut and we subdivided them into two different groups according to their clinical symptoms after ingestion of such allergenic sources. We showed that 11S globulins contain conserved IgE epitopes involved in cross-reactivity among mustard, tree nuts and peanut as well as species-specific IgE epitopes. Conclusions The allergenic 11S globulin Sin a 2 from mustard is involved in cross-reactivity at the IgE level with tree nuts and peanut. Although the clinical relevance of the cross-reactive IgE epitopes present in 11S globulins needs to be investigated in further detail, our results contribute to improve the diagnosis and management of mustard allergic patients sensitized to Sin a 2.

  13. El movimiento de los trabajadores rurales sin tierra y la reforma agraria en Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo FERNÁNDEZ FRANCO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este artículo, es un primer avance, de carácter exploratorio, de una investigación más amplia que el autor está llevando a cabo sobre el mismo tema. Centrado en el "Movimiento de los Trabajadores Rurales sin Tierra", habitualmente identificado en Brasil por las siglas MST, se contempla dicho movimiento social desde sus orígenes más remotos, al final de los años 50, hasta nuestros días situándolo, por un lado, en las transformaciones políticas y en parte sociales, y en el largo y lento proceso de una reforma agraria inconclusa, por otro. De forma descriptiva, se desarrollan, en un primer paso, los antecedentes, proceso de constitución, etapas y estructura agraria brasileña, se plantea de forma suscinta la problemática de la reforma agraria. Con estas consideraciones preliminares, siguiendo casi literalmente la formulación del propio MST, se exponen, con mayor amplitud, los objetivos y características de la Reforma Agraria desde la perspectiva de los propios trabajadores rurales. Asimismo, aunque de forma más esquemática y en base a los datos oficiales, se plantean las directrices, metas y algunas de las realizaciones del Gobierno de Fernando H. Cardoso sobre dicha reforma. En definitiva, con este artículo, se pretenden establecer las bases y los ejes analíticos necesarios para una investigación más amplia y comprensiva de este fenómeno social de masas que va más allá de la propia realidad de injusticia que se está viviendo en el mundo rural brasileño y que está contando también con un amplio y sorprendente apoyo de sectores urbanos de la población brasileña.ABSTRACT: This article is an introductory and exploratory advance of a more extensive investigation that the author is carrying out on the same subject. The research is centred on the "Movement of the Rural Workers without Land", which is ussually identified in Brazil with the initials MST. This social movement is analyzed since its remotest origins, the

  14. Fachada ventilada cerámica sin sub-estructuras metálicas denominado: SIERRAVENT®

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luque-Fernández, F. J.

    2011-04-01

    innovando con su nuevo producto “ SIERRAVENT® ”. El sistema patentado ha supuesto un gran impacto en el sector de la construcción, ya que permite la ejecución de una Fachada Ventilada sin la utilización de complejas estructuras metálicas ni tornillería. En el artículo se describen tanto los componentes del sistema y sus propiedades, como las características técnicas del mismo en su conjunto y los criterios para la resolución de algunos encuentros y puntos singulares. Asimismo, se hace mención a las ventajas competitivas.

  15. “A romance interspersed with pieces of poetry” : la citation poétique et les marges sublimes du discours dans les romans d’Ann Radcliffe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre CARBONI

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available La réputation d’Ann Radcliffe et la fortune critique de son œuvre se fondent essentiellement sur son talent de romancière et sur le caractère gothique prêté à ses romans. Cependant, à la différence de son illustre prédécesseur, Horace Walpole, qui inaugurait une nouvelle typologie romanesque en sous-titrant The Castle of Otranto (1764 A Gothic Story, Radcliffe choisit plutôt de mettre l’accent sur la composante poétique de ses récits. Après une première œuvre, The Castles of Athlin and Dunba...

  16. (1)H, (15)N and (13)C resonance assignments of the conserved region in the middle domain of S. pombe Sin1 protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Saori; Furuita, Kyoko; Hattori, Yoshikazu; Kobayashi, Naohiro; Ikegami, Takahisa; Shiozaki, Kazuhiro; Fujiwara, Toshimichi; Kojima, Chojiro

    2015-04-01

    SAPK-interacting protein 1 (Sin1) is an important component of the target of rapamycin (TOR) complex 2 (TORC2). TOR is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase and forms functionally distinct protein complexes referred to as TORC1 and TORC2. TORC2, conserved from yeast to humans, phosphorylates AGC-family protein kinases and has many cellular functions including the regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The Sin1 subunit of TORC2 is required for the binding of TORC2 to substrates, and the conserved region in the middle (CRIM) domain of Sin1 is important in the substrate recognition of TORC2. Here, we report on the (1)H, (13)C and (15)N resonance assignments of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe Sin1 (amino acids 247-400) (Sin1CRIM), which possesses the CRIM domain. These data contribute toward the structure determination of Sin1CRIM and an understanding of the interactions of Sin1CRIM with substrates of TORC2.

  17. O movimento pendular no ensino/aprendizagem de língua estrangeira, a partir do romance «Budapeste» de Chico Buarque

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    Cecília Martha Botana

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A nossa proposta é mostrar a necessidade de uma abordagem cultural no ensino de língua estrangeira (LE, através da análise de Budapeste, último romance de Chico Buarque. A análise se inscreve na área da Lingüística Aplicada e traspassa as suas fronteiras para penetrar o campo do Sócio-interacionismo e dos Estudos Culturais. Do primeiro, trabalharemos com a noção de identidades fragmentadas de Moita Lopes (2002, ocupando-nos de uma das faces dessa identidade social múltipla: a construída no plano da nacionalidade. Dos Estudos Culturais, tomaremos os conceitos de viagem, circuito, vida fronteiriça, migração como palavras-chave de uma nova concepção de ensino/aprendizagem de LE. Budapeste nos oferece algumas pistas muito ricas a respeito de como se da o processo de ensino/aprendizagem de uma língua/ cultura a partir da situação de migração do seu protagonista. O roteiro desse aprendizado será descrito através dos três movimentos pendulares que o mesmo vivencia: o movimento entre o Encantamento e o Estranhamento; o movimento entre o EU e o TU e o movimento entre o eu e o outro-eu.Palavras-chave: Chico Buarque; Budapeste; ensino de língua estrangeira; sócio-interacionismo; estudos culturais.Resumen: En este trabajo nos proponemos mostrar la necesidad de un abordaje cultural en la enseñanza de las lenguas extranjeras (LE, a través del análisis de Budapeste, la última novela de Chico Buarque. El análisis se halla enmarcado en el área de la Lingüística Aplicada y traspasa sus fronteras para penetrar el campo del Sociointeraccionismo y de los Estudios Culturales. Del primero, trabajaremos con la noción de identidades fragmentadas de Moita Lopes (2002 y nos ocuparemos de una de las faces de esa identidad social múltipla: la construida en el plano de la nacionalidad. De los Estudios Culturales, tomaremos los conceptos de viaje, circuito, vida fronteriza, migración como palabras clave de una nueva concepci

  18. A RELAÇÃO DE PODER E A ORDEM DO DISCURSO NO ROMANCE BALADA DE AMOR AO VENTO DE PAULINA CHIZIANE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Raúl González Gutiérrez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar e refletir a relação do poder e a ordem do discurso no romance Balada de Amor ao vento de Paulina Chiziane e sua relação com as teorias contemporâneas francesas de Michael Foucault, indagando sobre a relação entre o poder e as formas de legitimar o controle do discurso entre a realidade retratada do Moçambique Pós-colonial. Assim como o encontro entre o poder e a variante de gênero, raça/etnia e corpo. A relação entre o feminino e sua sujeição ao discurso ligado à tradição religiosa e cultural que permeia a nação. Discute-se sobre a participação da mulher na sociedade africana e a poligamia como forma vigente de tradição das tribos do sul de Moçambique e o encontro entre a dicotomia tradição/sujeição, poder/gênero em contextos patriarcais e de manutenção do machismo como discurso vigente da contemporaneidade. Analisa as formas de tradição das sociedades de discurso como eixo articulador de disciplinarização do corpo e do comportamento social ligada à representação de homem e mulher e de masculino e feminino. O trabalho é dividido em três tópicos que nortearão a compreensão do leitor, começando com uma breve biografia da autora, seguindo da articulação da sua obra com a teoria foucaultiana e a obra “A ordem do discurso” para assim continuar com a relação e interligação teórica dos dois autores. Finalizando-se, portanto, com a reflexão do contexto africano e os discursos vigentes de repressão e de controle no feminino, a análise entre a legitimação do poder e sua evidência na obra a ser comparada. Para sua elaboração, se fez necessária a pesquisa bibliográfica de autores como CHIZIANE (2003, FOUCAULT (1996, MACEDO (2007 MATA (2000 SANTANA (2005, que questionam a relação de poder em contextos africanos e a reflexão de fenômenos que instigam o poder e o controle sobre a mulher.

  19. Sin as an Ailment of Soul and Repentance as the Process of Its Healing. The Pastoral Concept of Penitentials as a Way of Dealing with Sin, Repentance, and Forgiveness in the Insular Church of the Sixth to the Eighth Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kursawa Wilhelm

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Although the advent of the Kingdom of God in Jesus contains as an intrinsic quality the opportunity for repentance (metanoia as often as required, the Church of the first five-hundred years shows serious difficulties with the opportunity of conversion after a relapse in sinning after baptism. The Church allowed only one chance of repentance. Requirement for the reconciliation were a public confession and the acceptance of severe penances, especially after committing the mortal sin of apostasy, fornication or murder. As severe as this paenitentia canonica appears, its entire conception especially in the eastern part of the Church, the Oriental Church, is a remedial one: sin represents an ailment of the soul, the one, who received the confession, is called upon to meet the confessing person as a spiritual physician or soul-friend. Penance does not mean punishment, but healing like a salutary remedy. Nevertheless, the lack of privacy led to the unwanted practice of postponing repentance and even baptism on the deathbed. An alternative procedure of repentance arose from the sixth century onwards in the Irish Church as well as the Continental Church under the influence of Irish missionaries and the South-West-British and later the English Church (Insular Church. In treatises about repentance, called penitentials, ecclesiastical authorities of the sixth to the eight centuries wrote down regulations, how to deal with the different capital sins and minor trespasses committed by monks, clerics and laypeople. Church-representatives like Finnian, Columbanus, the anonymous author of the Ambrosianum, Cummean and Theodore developed a new conception of repentance that protected privacy and guaranteed a discrete, an affordable as well as a predictable penance, the paenitentia privata. They not only connected to the therapeutic aspect of repentance in the Oriental Church by adopting basic ideas of Basil of Caesarea and John Cassian, they also established an

  20. Tramas de la violencia de género: sustantivación, metonimias, sinécdoques y preposiciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Casado Aparicio

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lo que creemos saber sobre la violencia de género (que es una lacra y los maltratadores unos machistas puede estar comprometiendo hoy análisis, diagnósticos e intervenciones. Además "hace género" y afecta al modo y grado en que nos hacemos cargo de la desigualdad. Analizar las sustantivaciones, sinécdoques y metonimias de las tramas de la violencia permite reconstruir relaciones significativas. Porque ¿qué significa la preposición 'de' que conecta violencia y género?

  1. Tramas de la violencia de género: sustantivación, metonimias, sinécdoques y preposiciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Casado

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Lo que creemos saber sobre la violencia de género (que es una lacra y los maltratadores unos machistas puede estar comprometiendo hoy análisis, diagnósticos e intervenciones. Además “hace género” y afecta al modo y grado en que nos hacemos cargo de la desigualdad. Analizar las sustantivaciones, sinécdoques y metonimias de las tramas de la violencia permite reconstruir relaciones significativas. Porque ¿qué significa la preposición ‘de’ que conecta violencia y género?

  2. Valoración de los nuevos alimentos/cereales en los pacientes con dieta sin gluten

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Anta, María Mercedes

    2015-01-01

    La Enfermedad Celiaca (EC) es una intolerancia permanente al gluten de trigo, cebada, centeno, espelta, kamut, triticale y probablemente avena, que se presenta en individuos genéticamente predispuestos, caracterizada por una reacción inflamatoria de base inmunológica en la mucosa del intestino delgado, que dificulta la absorción de macro y micronutrientes. La dieta sin gluten (DSG) es el único tratamiento conocido hasta el momento para la EC. Aunque su seguimiento parece sencillo, existen fue...

  3. Trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en adolescentes de ambos sexos con y sin diabetes mellitus tipo 1

    OpenAIRE

    García Reyna, Norma Irene

    2004-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada OBJETIVO: Investigar la prevalencia de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria, en una población de adolescentes de ambos sexos de 12 a 16 años de edad, con DM1. Los resultados fueron comparados con una población no diabética, de ambos sexos de edad similar. SUJETOS: Adolescentes de ambos sexos de 12 a 16 años, 98 con DM1 y 575 sin diabetes. MÉTODOS: Eating Attitudes Test-40 y Eating Disorders Examination. Peso, talla,...

  4. Infección bacteriana severa en recién nacidos febriles sin signos de focalización

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Díaz Alvarez; María Teresa Fernández de la Paz; Olimpo Moreno Vázquez; Rubén Piloto Sendín; María Isabel Arango; Jorge Díaz Alvarez

    1995-01-01

    Este estudio estuvo dirigido a conocer la frecuencia de infección bacteriana severa, entre recién nacidos febriles sin signos de focalización inicial, e identificar los datos clínicos y de laboratorio que se relacionan con la presencia de infección bacteriana severa. Se estudió un grupo de 211 recién nacidos febriles ingresados y que no hubieran mostrado signos de focalización en la evaluación inicial. La incidencia de infección bacteriana severa fue de 17,5 %, del cual hubo 22 sepsis urinari...

  5. Capacidad funcional y demanda de cuidados de personas mayores en un hospital sin unidad geriátrica

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz-Lendínez, Alfonso-Jesús

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Se analiza la capacidad de prestación de cuidados que tienen las unidades de hospitalización convencional de un hospital público de tercer nivel sin unidad geriátrica de agudos y se compara con las necesidades reales de cuidados de los ancianos que allí se atienden. Del mismo modo se analiza el efecto que tiene la hospitalización (ingreso/estancia/egreso) sobre la autonomía/dependencia, en términos de capacidad funcional. Describe el perfil de los pacientes mayores de 65 años atendido e...

  6. Máximos y mínimos sin cálculo aplicado a la economía

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Miguel Cabrera G.

    2015-01-01

    RESUMEN El articulo muestra los problemas más sencillos “Máximos y Mínimos sin Cálculo”. Este tipo de problemas se presentan en ingeniería, la industria, la administración y la vida cotidiana, con una característica en común, no obstante sus diferencias. Esta característica, consiste en determinar la forma  de lograr un efecto óptimo mediante la selección de una entre varias posibilidades. Estos problemas se resuelve por medio de métodos  de cálculo diferencial, pero solo pueden ser calcu...

  7. Lipotransferencia en piernas con o sin fasciotomía subcutánea de la aponeurosis tibial posterior

    OpenAIRE

    I.R. Añorve-Borquez

    2014-01-01

    La lipotransferencia en muslos y piernas es un procedimiento muy poco empleado como complemento a la lipoescultura, siendo ésta una zona muy importante para dar más armonía y belleza al contorno corporal. Analizamos 139 procedimientos de lipotrasnferencia en muslos y piernas, ésta última complementada con o sin fasciotomía subcutánea de la aponeurosis tibial posterior o fascia profunda de la pierna. Describimos la técnica y las cantidades de grasa empleadas según zonas disminuyendo al mínimo ...

  8. Interacción Natural Basada en un Conjunto Mínimo de Sensores Inerciales para Realidad Virtual sin Cables

    OpenAIRE

    De la Rubia Cuestas, Ernesto Jesús

    2014-01-01

    La Realidad Virtual tiene un enorme potencial aún por explotar. Esta tesis doctoral pretende ir un paso más allá en el desarrollo de sistemas de Realidad Virtual inmersivos. En concreto, su objetivo fundamental es diseñar, desarrollar y evaluar una plataforma experimental sin cables para investigación en Realidad Virtual inmersiva con navegación natural e interacción manual basada en un conjunto mínimo de sensores inerciales. Para ello se emplea metodología científica desde la perspectiva de ...

  9. Desempeño de la prueba “Mini-Mental State Examination” en personas adultas mayores sin deterioro cognitivo

    OpenAIRE

    Lara Mora-Villalobos; Javier Contreras Rojas; Daniel Valerio Aguilar; Henriette Raventós; Michal Schnaider Berri; Jeremy Silverman

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo: Establecer datos normativos de la prueba MMSE estratificada por edad y escolaridad en personas adultas mayores costarricenses sin deterioro cognitivo, identificar los ítems que presentan mayor dificultad en relación con esas dos variables y brindar recomendaciones desde la gerontología de evaluación e interpretación. Metodología: Se estudió las puntuaciones del MMSE de 649 sujetos entre 60 y 108 años con una calificación global de 0 en la escala de clasificación de demencia. R...

  10. Efecto de las exodoncias en el perfil blando de pacientes tratados ortodóncicamente con y sin extracciones

    OpenAIRE

    Orrego Carrillo, Herbert; Especialista en Ortodoncia y Ortopedia Maxilar. Magister en Estomatología. Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima,

    2014-01-01

    Objetivos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo comparativo entre pacientes tratados en una clínica privada de 24 pacientes tratados con y sin exodoncias, durante su terapia ortodóntica. Se estudiaron 18 indicadores,a fi n de evaluar los cambios a nivel del perfi l blando que ellos experimentaron. Material y métodos: Se emplearon tres líneas referenciales para la evaluación ántero posterior: la línea LVR, la línea B y la línea E (posterior, media y anterior, respectivamente). La evaluación ver...

  11. Ljubičasta pjegavost kupine Septocyta ruborum (Lib.) Petr. (sin. Rhabdospora ramealis (Roberge ex Desm.) Sacc.) u Tomislavgradu

    OpenAIRE

    Karačić, Ana; Ivić, Dario; Perić, Ivica; Rotim, Nino

    2011-01-01

    Na lokalitetu Duvanjsko polje - Kovači podižu se intenzivni nasadi kupina za što je potrebno osigurati kvalitetan sadni materijal. U nabavljenom sadnom materijalu tijekom 2009. godine zamijećeno je patološko sušenje izdanaka kupine. Na osnovi simptoma oboljenja i morfoloških osobina uzgojenih izolata (izgled, boja i veličina konidija, pojava i izgled piknida, izgled i veličina spora) identificiran je uzročnik navedenog propadanja izdanaka kupina kao Septocyta ruborum (Lib.) Petr. (sin. Rha...

  12. Estudio comparativo de diversas anomalías dentomaxilofaciales entre pacientes con Sindrome de Down y pacientes sin discapacidad

    OpenAIRE

    Mayoral Trias, Maria Ángela

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: Valorar las anomalías dentales y las alteraciones esqueléticas en una muestra de 41 pacientes con síndrome de Down (SD) y compararlas con un grupo control de 42 pacientes sin discapacidad, de la misma cohorte de edad (9 -15 años). Material y método: En el estudio se analizaron ortopantomografías y telerradiografías de ambos grupos. Las variables estudiadas en la ortopantomografía fueron las agenesias de dientes permanentes (exceptuando el tercer molar), las anomalías de tamaño (...

  13. Sin nombre virus (SNV) Ig isotype antibody response during acute and convalescent phases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostik, P; Winter, J; Ksiazek, T G; Rollin, P E; Villinger, F; Zaki, S R; Peters, C J; Ansari, A A

    2000-01-01

    Serum samples from 22 hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) patients were tested for Sin Nombre virus (SNV)-reactive antibodies. In the acute phase of HPS, 100% and 67% of the samples tested positive for SNV-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgA, respectively. Among the virus-specific IgG antibodies, the most prevalent were IgG3 (in 97% of samples), followed by IgG1 (70%), IgG2 (30%), and IgG4 (3%).

  14. Prótesis aórticas sin sutura: revisión de las alternativas actuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan J. Otero

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Las prótesis sin sutura representan una nueva alternativa en el tratamiento quirúrgico de la estenosis aórtica severa. En el siguiente artículo intentamos resumir las características fundamentales de cada una de ellas y la bibliografía más importante publicada hasta ahora con el fin de hacer una revisión rápida de estas prótesis para poder orientar su uso.

  15. Revisão sinóptica das espécies brasileiras de ácaros marinhos

    OpenAIRE

    Pepato,Almir Rogério; Tiago,Cláudio Gonçalves

    2004-01-01

    Revisão sinóptica das espécies brasileiras de ácaros marinhos O presente trabalho reúne as informações sobre as espécies de ácaros marinhos das famílias Halacaridae, Tydeidae, Selenoribatidae e Hyadesiidae registradas para o litoral brasileiro. São apresentadas as diagnoses das famílias, gêneros e espécies, bem como sua distribuição geográfica.

  16. ANASIG/PRESIG: un aprendizaje asistido por computadora dedicado a la meteorología sinóptica

    OpenAIRE

    Coiffier, Jean; Santurette, Patrick

    2001-01-01

    Ponencia presentada en: V Simposio Nacional de Predicción, celebrado en 2001 en Madrid. La presentación explica las normas generales de los nuevos documentos ANASIG/PRESIG elaborados por Météo-France para describir una situación meteorológica a la escala sinóptica y detalla el contenido del Aprendizaje Asistido por Computadora (AAC), el cual ha sido realizado para enseñar este enfoque a los predictores. La utilización de algunos trozos de los módulos del AAC permite entender el signific...

  17. Elementos culturales en la serie televisiva "Dos chicas sin blanca": análisis traductológico

    OpenAIRE

    Pina Asensi, Pablo

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo analiza la traducción de los elementos culturales dentro de la serie televisiva Dos chicas sin blanca y consta de dos partes claramente diferenciadas. En primer lugar, en la parte teórica, se desarrolla la teoría relacionada con los elementos culturales, las diversas técnicas de traducción con las que contamos para poder adaptar esos elementos a la cultura de recepción, la relación entre los elementos culturales y el humor, y las diferentes modalidades de traducción audiov...

  18. Temperature-dependent charge carrier dynamics investigation of heterostructured Cu2S-In2S3 nanocrystals films using injected charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Ke; Sui, Ning; Wang, Yinghui; Zhang, Liquan; Liu, Qinghui; Tan, Mingrui; Zhang, Hanzhuang

    2017-02-01

    The temperature-dependence of charge carrier dynamics in the films based on novel heterostructured Cu2S-In2S3 nanocrystals (NCs) is investigated using charge carrier extraction by a linearly increasing voltage technique; meanwhile, the CuInS2 nanorod (NR) film is used as a reference. The carriers in the Cu2S-In2S3 NC film follow the monomolecular recombination mechanism, which is similar to that in the CuInS2 NR film. The corresponding diffusion rate would accelerate with the applied voltage, indicating that the Cu2S-In2S3 NCs could potentially promote the movement of the carrier and simultaneously affect the monomolecular recombination in comparison with that in the CuInS2 NR film. This study would be beneficial in the development of nano-devices with NR films and high performance Cu2S-In2S3 NCs solar cells.

  19. Resultados de la cirugía coronaria sin circulación extracorpórea en el contexto del infarto agudo de miocardio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ayaon-Albarrán

    2017-03-01

    Conclusiones: La cirugía coronaria sin circulación extracorpórea en el contexto del infarto agudo de miocardio es un procedimiento seguro, con resultados favorables a corto plazo y aceptables a largo plazo.

  20. Non-destructive estimation of residual stress distribution of shot-peened steels based on nonlinear analysis of sin sup 2 psi diagrams

    CERN Document Server

    Yanase, E; Kusumi, Y; Arai, K; Akiniwa, Y; Tanaka, K

    2003-01-01

    A new method of nondestructive estimation of the in-depth distribution of residual stresses is proposed by using monochromatic high-energy X-rays from synchrotron radiation source SPring-8. The X-ray with 72 keV energy was used for stress measurements of shot-peened steel samples, whose compressive zone extended a few hundred micrometers below the surface. The measurements were carried out by using the sin sup 2 psi method in a PSI-diffractometer. The obtained results of sin sup 2 psi diagrams showed nonlinearity due to the in-depth distribution of the residual stress. The stress distribution below the surface was estimated from the analysis to the nonlinearity of sin sup 2 psi diagrams. The estimated stress distribution agreed well with that determined by the conventional sin sup 2 psi method with Cr-Ka radiation corrected by surface removal effect. (author)